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Full text of "Colonial Records of the State of Georgia"

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us 2^^^/6^^S^ 




f^arbarli CoUege lihrarg 



FROM THE 



BRIC^HT LEC^ACY. 

Descendants of Henry Bright, jr., who died at Water- 
town, Mass., in i6S6, are entitled to hold scholarships in 
Ha'-vard College, established in iSSo under the will of 

JONATHAN BROWN BRIGHT 

of Waltham, Mass., with one half the income of this 
Legacy. Such descendants failing, other persons are 
eligible to the scholarships. The will rcSquires that 
this announcement shall b« made in every book added 
to the Library under its provisions. 



r 



o 



^ 



jB^^Cp^L-Qh^^h,- 



o JK.^cr'^-A^^ 



THE 

COLONIAL RECORDS 



\\V 



OF THB 



STATB OF GBORGIAy, 



VOLUME^^IV^^ 



STEPHENS' JOURNAL 



^1737-1740.^ 



COMFII«BD AND PUBUSHBD UNDBR AUTHORITY 
OF 

THE LEGISLATURE 



BY 



ALLEN D. CANDLER 



ATLANTA. GA. 

TBM FRANlXUf PRINTING AND PUBUSHING COICFANT 

OBO. W. HAKKISOM, MANAOBA 

1906 












/ 



Compiler's Preface to Stephens' Journal. 



The plan of government first instituted by the Trustees was 
Utopian and impracticable. The colonists were discontented 
and unhappy. They were divided into factions, and constant 
complaints were sent up to the Trustees by one faction or an- 
other, and the Trustees, to inform themselves of the real condi- 
tions that prevailed in the colony, and the justness of the com- 
plaints that reached them, deemed it advisable to send a repre- 
sentative to Savannah to study the situation and keep them ad- 
vised. They selected for this important work Colonel William 
Stephens, a man of integrity and character, who had sat in 
parliament for a quarter of a century, and who enjoyed the con- 
fidence of the Trustees and of the country. In the summer of 
1737 he was sent to Savannah as '' Secretary to the Trustees 
in Georgia,^' and his office was to take a general oversight of 
affairs, to advise unofficially the officers of the colony, and to 
keep the Trustees fully informed of the conditions that pre- 
vailed and of the progress of the settlement. He entered upon 
his duties as Secretary on the 20th of October, 1737, and con- 
tinued to perform them with diligence and fidelity till the 4th 
of October, 1740, when the plan of government was changed 

• and the colony was divided into two counties, and he was ap- 

pointed president of the county of Savannah. The journal 

I which follows was the result of his three years' work as Secre- 

I tary. 

Only seventy copies of this journal were ever printed, and of 

! these two, and only two, are in Georgia, one among the ar- 

chives of the State in the capitol, the other in the library of 
the Georgia Historical Society in Savannah. It is possible, 
indeed probable, that none of these seventy printed copies, ex- 
cept the two referred to, are in existence. It is said, however, 
that the original manuscript volumes are still preserved in the 
hands of private parties in England. 



Q 



JOURNAL 



OF THB 



PROCEEDINGS 



Uf 



GEORGIA 



BSOINMIlf* 



October 20, 1737. 

By IVILLIAM STEPHENS, Esq; 

YO WHICH 18 ABDKD, 

A STATE OF THAT PROVINCE, 

AS ATTSSTQD UPON OATH 
Uf THB 

COURT OP SAVANNAH, 
November 10, 1740. 



JOURNAL, 

Began from my landing in Charles-Town^ 
South-Carolina. 



Thursday. Landed at Cbarlcs-Town, at Eleven of the J^ 
Clock, from on board the Mary Anne, (Captain Thomas ^jg)*' 
Shubrick ;) and the same day delivered several Letters 
entrusted with me ; but the Lieutenant Governor, Colonel 
Broughton, being out of Town, and dangerously sick, I 
gave two Letters for him to Mr. Alickie, the Under-Sec- 
retary, who promised to send them carefully to him ; and 
Mr. Jennys being lately dead, I delivered his Letters to 
his Widow, which I had for him ; and one Mr. Hopton 
now transacting all the A£Eairs of that House, I had very 
ready Assurances of all the Assistance that I desired. 

Friday. Deliver'd several other Letters, and then at- w. 
tended Mr. Hopton, to expedite our Passage to Georgia 
as soon as possible ; and our first Work was, to provide a 
proper Conveyance, in order to which, we spoke with sev- 
eral Masters of Pettyagua's, and other small Sloops, and 
view'd well their Make, and what convenient stowage 
they had ; but none of them would go under 70 /. tho' 
neither of them was capable of the whole Freight, with 
any tolerable Convenience ; wherefore we thought it 
most advisable to hire a Skooner, which was ready, of a 
little more Burden, with Accommodations proper both 
for Passengers and Goods ; but she would not go under 
100/. whereat I hesitated much, being loth to swell the 
Charges so high ; but upon consulting Mr. Eveleigh and 
others, they plainly convinced me, it was the cheapest 
Way I could take : for none of the Pettyagua's could 



8 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

find Accommodations for all the Passengers and Goods i2L 
and the Skooner taking the Whole, at only 30 /. Ad- ^«g)*' 
vance more than the other, made it in effe<5t cheaper ; 
and they all allowed, that 70 /. was but a reasonable 
Demand for a Pettyagua : Add to this that the Men hav- 
ing been sickly, and, divers of them yet weak, it would 
be a great Benefit to them to lie dry, and conveniently 
under Deck in the Skooner, which very few, if any of 
them, could do in the other: And lastly, whereas, the 
Pettyagua*s Way was always within Land, and their Pas- 
sage often spun out to a Fortnight or three weeks, or 
more ; the Skooner was fitted for the Sea, and in Case of 
a favourable Wind, we might reasonably hope to reach 
Savannah in two or three Days ; wherefore, upon the 
Whole we agreed with the Skooner to be ready the Be- 
ginning of the Week. After which, I went and fech'd 
all the Servants and Recruits, with their Wives, ashore, 
from Capt. Shubrick, and placed them in a small House 
that Mr. Hopton and I had looked out for them, where 
they might lay their Beds all at Ease, and cook their 
Vi<5luals, which we would provide, such as coarse fresh 
Beef to make Broth with, some Rice, and such like, by 
which I hoped to find them get Strength in a few days : 
In the mean while, I thought it proper that they should 
be attended by a couple of trusty Negroes, which Mr. 
Hopton provided, who were to help them to what was 
needful, and narrowly watch them at the same Time. 

Saturday. Peter Emery, Patroon of a Canoe, being at. 
in Town from Georgia, and intending to set out on his 
Return thither this Evening, I wrote a Letter by him to 
Mr. Causton, acquainting him with my Arrival, and that 
I had divers Goods and Passengers with me, which I 
wish'd him to assist me in the disposing of, when I came 
to Savannah, where I hoped to be before the week ensu- 
ing'was out. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 8 

Sunday. Din'd with Mrs. Jennys, upon her Invitation ^^ 
Yesterday. ^^5!^ 

Monday. Went out early in Quest of the Master of ^• 
the Skooner to hasten every Thing what I could ; and 
then went aboard the Ship, where I dire<5ted all the 
Goods to be hoisted out of the Hold upon the Deck, 
ready for the Skooner to come along Side, and take them 
in : Then I went and visited the Soldiers and Servants, 
&c. to see how they recovered ; where all (except one) 
were growing hearty, and I order'd what was proper and 
needful for them, whilst they staid. 

Tuesday. Not being able Yesterday to come at all ^s. 
the Goods I wanted in the Ship, by Reason of. their be- 
ing so stowed among others, I got the Whole cleared 
before Noon, and saw it myself put aboard the Skooner. 
Dined with Mr. Godine by Invitation, who treated me 
with g^eat Courtesy and showed much respe<5t for those 
I came from. 

Wednesday. Busy most part of this Day in provid- te. 
ing Necessaries to be put on board the Skooner, for the 
People and myself, during our Passage, intending to sail 
to morrow Morning. 

Thursday, Capt. Reid arriving last Night from Lon- *'• 
don, I deferred sailing this Morning as I had design'd, 
expedling Letters very probably from the Trust of Geor- 
gia ; wherein I was not mistaken ; for he brought a small 
Box with Sola Bills for a large Sum anvl a Packet of Let- 
ters ; both of which I was glad to carry with me. 

After Dinner I waited on Capt. Wyndham of the Rose, 
to ask his Commands in the South, and he gave me a 
Letter for Capt Gascoigne. 

Friday. About Ten of the Clock I went on board «. 
the Skooner, after having sent the Recruits, Servants, 



10 COLONIAL RECOKDS. 

and others of my Company, on board over Nighty that I ,}^ 
might not be to seek for them now. We sailed imniedi- ^Jj)^' 
ately, with a very small westerly Breeze, and got over the 
Bar about Noon ; but what little wind there was, came 
about more to the South, which retarded our Progress ; 
and when the Ebb Tide came in the Evening, we were 
obliged to come to an Anchor : Then we went to Fishing, 
(all who liked it) the Master having Plenty of Hooks 
and Lines, and the Fish were so plenty that in a few 
Hours we catched a g^eat Number, haling them in as fast 
as we could run out our lines ; most of them excellent in 
their Kinds. Towards Morning we weigh'd again, and 
sailed with the Flood-Tide. 

Saturday. The Forenoon foggy, and little Wind, but ». 
we stood out to Sea, and plied to and fro all day. After- 
noon the Weather cleared up but the Wind hung South- 
erly ; and in the Evening, on the Ebb-Tide coming again, 
we drew near Land off St. Edisto, anchored as Yester- 
day, and went to our Fishing again with the same Suc- 
cess. 

Sunday. Fine weather, and we took the first of the so. 
Tide very early in the Morning, but the Wind continuing 
not to favour us, we stood off to Sea as before, making 
the best we could of it, till Eleven of the Clock, when 
the Ebb-Tide coming, and the Wind dying away, we an- 
chored again: At the same Time a Buzzard, weary of 
flying, came and pitched upon our Bolt-Sprit end, and 
one of our Men shot it. The next Flood coming in the 
Afternoon, we made Sail again, but to little purpose, as 
before, and about Nine at Night we anchored on the Ebb 
of St. Helena. 

Monday. Weighed upon the Flood at Three in the w 
Morning with a fine Breeze at N, W. which we hoped 
would bring us to Tybee ; but as soon as the Tide was 
spent, the Wind fell again, and all went to Fishing whils't 



COLONIAL RECORDS. U 

we lay at Anchor, which was most Part of the Afternoon ^^ 
in a Calm. Towards Evening, on the Flood being made, ^gj**' 
a new Breeze sprung up from the N. £. which fresheoM 
very agreeably, and in the Dusk, being ofiE Tybee about 
three Leagues, the Master (who was a good Pilot on the 
Coast) having set the Land and the several Marks, we 
push'd in for the River, got well over the Bar, and about 
Seven of the Clock anchored at Cockspur, 

Tuesday. Weighed at Day Light, when a Canoe came i7w. 
aboard us, which lay all Night ashore, and was sent Yes- Noremb. 
terday by Mr. Causton with Packets, to go by a Sloop 
that lay at Tybee, and sailed Yesterday Evening to the 
South. About Ten of the Clock we arrived at Savan- 
nah, when I landed and went dire<5tly to Mr. Causton, 
carrying all the Packets, &c. with me that I brought from 
London by Capt. Shubrick, as well as what I received 
afterward by Capt. Reid. Mr. Causton showed me the 
House he had provided for me against our Coming ; and 
after Dinner I got some of the Goods ashore as well as 
People : The Servants &c. I kept under my Care, and the 
Recruits, with their Wives, I delivered to one Mr. Car- 
well (an old Soldier foimerly, but at present a Freeholder 
and Tything-man of Savannah) who was to take future 
Charge of them whils't there. 

In the Evening, upon spending a leisure Hour with 
Mess. Causton, Christie and Anderson at a publick House, 
Mr. Robert Williams came in to us, and at first Sight be- 
gan to lay open his Mind pretty Freely concerning what 
difficulties the Landholders lay under, as well with re- 
spe<Sl to the Want of Negroes, as the Tenure of Tail 
Male, vehemently exclaiming against the Method they 
were now in, and declaring that it was his Resolution, as 
it was also of many others, to leave the Colony, unless 
some remedy could be found, before they were quite 
ruined. 

I endeavored to persuade him into better Temper, told 



12 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

him, that if he or any others thought themselves ag- ^^ 
grieved in any Thing, their wisest Course would be to rep- ^®Y™^* 
resent it in a decent Manner to the Trustees : wherein I 
would so far join with them, as was consistent with my 
Duty, in laying it before them impartially, and hoped 
that he and all others would wait their Determination 
upon which he appeared better humored. 

Wednesday. Busy this whole Day in getting all i. 
Things ashore and writing Letters for England, to goby the 
Skooner that was returning to Charles-Town. 

Thursday. Understanding that a remarkable Trial <• 
was to come on before the Court which now sat, wherein 
Mr. Bradley was indicted for shooting Cattle ; I attended 
as an Auditor, among others, and finding the Allegations 
pinching, and the Prosecution to me appearing to be car- 
ried on with some Party Warmth, I advised him to trav- 
erse it to another Time, which I believed the Court would 
be ready to indulge him in, and probably Mr. Oglethorpe 
might hear it himself : The Trial was accordingly put 
off, and I thought both sides were pleased at it After- 
wards I had from different Hands a long Detail of the 
Cause of Discord between Mr. Causton and the Parson, 
ever since Mr. Williamson married Miss Hopkins, (Niece 
to Mr. Causton) which was told me variously, as the Re- 
lators inclined ; but it was carried now to that Height, 
as to engage great part of the Town, which was so 
divided, that Mr. Causton and Mr. Wesley drew their 
greatest Attention, and the Partisans on both sides did 
not stick to throw Plenty of Scandal against their Ad- 
versaries. 

Friday. Great Part of my Time taken up this Day 4. 
in listening to Abundance of Tales which were obtruded 
upon me, aild told very partially (I observed) by most, 
in Favour of one or the other, as they liked or disliked : 
Nevertheless, I would not seem averse to hearing what 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 13 

came in my Way, believing, that out of such Abun- ^^ 
dance something probably might be learnt worth regard- ^*^^^' 
ing, and I should the more readily discover their several 
Dispositions. Afternoon I wrote Letters to Capt. Gas- 
coigne. Mess. Horton, Delegal, White, &c. at St. Simon's, 
in order to send them off to Morrow Morning, with sev- 
eral Packets I brought from England for those Parts, 
by a Pettyagua, which likewise was to carry sundry 
Goods for the Stores there, and the Recruits which came 
with me. 

Saturday. Out of the five Recruits one of them •. 
being relapsed since his Landing, to his former Illness, 
and in a dangerous Condition, the other four went off, 
leaving him behind. Towards Noon I rode out, by In-y 
vitation from Mr. Causton, to his new Plantation, which ^ 
he has named Ocstead ; where I din'd with him and his 
Family, and Mr. Anderson : I found he had built a very ^ 
handsome House, fit for any Gentleman to live in, laid 
out a pleasant Garden, cut a fine Visto thro' the Wood, 
to a large Opening, and was going on with great improve- 
ments, both for Pleasure and Profit. Going out and 
home I took cursory Notice of several Lots in our Way, 
how they were improved or negle<5ted. 

Sunday. Went to Church in the Forenoon, where we «. 
had (what is commonly called) the second Service only, 
and a Sermon not to be found Fault with, upon mutual 
Forgivenesses : But I was concerned to see so thin an 
Audience, which proceeded from a grown Aversion to 
the Preacher, since this publick strife sprung up. Sev- 
eral of the Scotch Gentlemen having hinted to me their 
Desire of a Conference, I sat with three or four of them 
over a Cup of Tea towards Evening, for an Hour, when 
they told me in the Name of all the rest, of Mr. Wesley's 
informing them lately, that Mr. Causton persuaded him 
to write to the Trustees and acquaint them, that the 
Scotch here were universally a turbulent people, who 



14 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

neither regarded divine nor human Laws, but lived idle vi^ 
and continually fomented Mischief : From whence they ^®^^^- 
inferr'd, that they were never to expeA common Justice ; 
but upon my asking how long since it was, that Mr. 
Causton said this to the Parson, I was answered, more 
than a year : From whence it seemed to me that Mr. 
Wesley, who had kept it smothering in his Breast so 
long, brought it forth now maliciously at this Juncture, 
when he and Mr. Causton were fallen out in order to ex- 
asperate the Scotch against him, whom at this Time he 
lived in good Accord with. 

Monday. Went in the Morning and took my Break. 7. 
fast with Mr. Wesley, when I paid him the lo /. sent by 
me from an unknown Hand ; and then we had some 
Talk about the Differences betwixt him and Mr. Causton, 
which he put in another Light than what I had it on the 
other Side : 

I desired him to be free, assuring him that my Ears 
were equally open, and I should be glad to be instru- 
mental (if it lay in my power) to reconcile those Ani- 
mosities, which began first between two Friends, and had 
now drawn almost the whole Town into Parties in the 
Quarrel. I found it manifest the first Rise of it was 
upon young Williamson's marrying Mr. Causton's Niece, 
whom the Parson had a Liking to for himself ; and who, 
whilst she was unmarried, used constantly to receive the 
Sacrament, which is here administered weekly to some 
few, who frequently resort to Mr. Wesley, for their better 
edification, in private ; but upon Miss Hopkin's entering 
into the State of Wedlock, she refrain'd from such pri- 
vate Le<5lures, and refused to go to him, when sent for ; 
probably, by Diredlion from her Husband ; for which 
Reason, (or some other unknown to me) Mr. Wesley re- 
fused her the Sacrament at the next Communion, and 
she went home from the Table : So far Mr. Wesley ac- 
knowledged to me ; but in his own Justification said, he 
had given her Notice before, not to offer herself there, 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 16 

till she had first conferr'd with him in private. Mr. ™!j 
Wesley told me farther, he would at some other oppor- ^<^Y™^- 
tunity explain these Things more fully, and believed I 
would hear it impartially : So we parted, and I spent the 
rest of the Day in settling my own little Affairs at home, 
and beginning to provide for our future Living.* 

Tuesday. Mr. Robert Williams and Mr. Patrick Mc- «• 
Kay, called on me this Morning, and renewed the Dis- 
course we had the first Night I came, concerning the 
Difficulties they lay under in making farther Improve- 
ments on their Lands ; telling me, that as they reposed 
Confidence in me, they designed to draw up a short 

'Since it is apparent that Colonel Stephens was in sympathy with 
that faction headed by Mr. Canston, which was opposed to Mr. Wesley, 
the compiler has deemed it not amiss to present in a footnote the fol- 
lowing extract from Mr. Wesley's Journal, that the reader may have 
both versions of the controversy : 

Thurs. Feb. 19, 1736. We waited upon Mr. Causton, the Chief 
Magistrate of Savannah. 

Sunday, March 7, 1736. I entered upon my ministry at Savannah 
by preaching on the Epistle for the day, being the 13th of the first of 
Corinthians. 

Wed. May 5, 1736. I was asked to baptize a child of Mr. Parker's, 
Second Bailiff of Savannah. 

June 25, 1737. (Sat.) Mr. Causton, the store keeper and chief 
magistrate of Savannah, was seized with a slow fever. I attended 
him every day (as I did any of my parishioners who were in any 
painful or dangerous illness) and had a good hope, from the thank- 
fulness he showed, that my labor was not in vain. 

Sun. July 3, 1737. Immediately after holy communion I mentioned 
to Mrs. Williamson (Mr. Causton*s niece) some things which I thought 
reprovable in her behavior. At this she appeared extremely angry ; 
said she did not expect such u^age from me ; and at the turn of the 
street through which we were walking home went abruptly away. The 
next day Mrs. Causton endeavored to excuse her ; told me she was 
exceedingly grieved for what had passed the day before and desired 
me to tell her in writing what I disliked, which I accordingly did the 
day following. 

But first I sent Mr. Causton the following note : — Sir : To this hour 
you have shown yourself my friend. I ever have and ever shall ac- 
knowledge it. And it is my earnest desire that He who hath hitherto 
given me this blessing would continue it still. But this can not be 
unless you will allow me one request, which is not so easy a one as it 



16 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Memorial of what Grievances they lay under, which ^^ 
they would put into my Hands, relying on my represent- ^^^^g*™^- 
ing it to the Trustees in a true Light : To which I an- 
swered they might be assured I would aA without any 
Deceit in it either Way ; but as I thought it a common 
Right which every one had, to lay their Complaints (if 
well founded) before those who were the sole and proper 
Judges to hear them, and apply such Remedies as they 
saw expedient, so I apprehended it would be most 
advisable to state Fadls only, and recite the real Causes 
of their present Uneasiness, without prescribing the Cure, 
which undoubtedly belonged to the Trustees only to de- 
termine ; and to go farther, might probably give Offence, 

appears : tio not condemn me /or doing , in the execution of my ofice^ what I 
think it my duty to do. If yon can prevail upon yourself to allow me 
this, even when I act without respect to persons, I am persuaded 
there never will be, at least not long, any misunderstanding between 
ns. For even those who seek it shall, I trust, find no occasion against 
me "except it be concerning the law of my God." I am, etc. Jnly 

5. 1737. 

Wed. July 6, 1737. Mr. Causton came to my house with Mr. Bailiff 
Parker and Mr. Recorder, and warmly asked *'How could you possi- 
bly think I could condemn you for executing any part of your office?" 
I said short '*Sir, what if I should think it the duty of my office to ex- 
pel one of your family from the holy communion"? He replied, "If 
you expel me or my wife I shall require a legal reason. But I shall 
trouble myself about none else. Let them look to themselves." 

Wed. May 3, 1737. Sunday 7, 1 repelled Mrs. Williamson from the 
holy communion. And Monday, 8, Mr. Recorder of Savannah, issued 
out the warrant following : — 

GWRGIA, 

Savannah, ss. 

To all Constables^ Tithingmen^ and others^ whom these may concern : 
You, and each of you, are hereby required to take the body of John 
Wesley, clerk. 

And bring him before one of the bailiffs of the said town, to an- 
swer the complaint of William Williamson and Sophia his wife, for 
defaming the said Sophia, and refusing to administer to her the sacra- 
ment of the Ix>rd's supper, in a public congregation, without cause ; 
by which the said William Williamson is ^imaged one thousand 
pounds sterling ; and for so doing, this is your warrant, certifying 
what you are to do in the premises. Given under my hand and seiu 
the 8th day of August, Anno Dom. 1737. 

THO. CHRISTIE. 

Tues. Aug. 9, 1737. Mr. Jones, the constable, served the warrant, 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 17 

especially if such Propositions were Innovations on some ilJL 
Rules, that I conceived were laid down as Fundamentals, n^**™^- 
on which this Colony was to be reared. They took 
their Leave, and promised to show me the Result of 
what they were now going about, after they had reduced 
it to a Form j^ for which Purpose, a sele<5l Number was 
appointed, of which they two and Mr. Brownfield (as I 
afterward learnt) were a Part. Hn the Afternoon I sat 
awhile with the Magistrates, who. were met at Mr. Caus- 
ton's, when we had a great Variety of Discourse of the 
present Posture of Affairs : I found them join firmly in 
opinion with each other in all points ;*setting forth Mr. 
Bradley's indecent Behaviour in many Instances ; telling 

and carried me before Bailiff Parker and Mr. Recorder. My answer 
to them was that the giving or refusing the Lord's supper being a mat^ 
ter purely ecclesiastical, I could not acknowledge their power to in- 
terrogate me upon it Mr. Parker told me, * 'However, you must ap- 
pear at the next court, holden for Savannah*'. Mr. Williamson, who 
stood by, said, **Gentlemen, I desire Mr. Wesley may give bail for his 
appearance." But Mr. Parker immediately replied, **Sir, Mr. Wes- 
ley's word is sufl&cient." 

Wed. lo. Mr. Causton (from a just regard, as his letter expressed 
it, to the friendship which had subsisted between us till this affair) 
required me to give the reasons in the court house why I expelled Mrs. 
Williamson from the holy communion. I answered *'I apprehend 
many ill consequences may arise from so doing ; let the cause be laid 
before the Trustees." 

Thur. II. Mr. Causton came to my house, and among many other 
sharp words said, "Make an end of this matter : thou hadst best. My 
niece to be used thus ! I have drawn the sword, and I will never 
sheath it till I have satisfaction." Soon after, he added, '*Give the 
reasons of your repelling her before the whole congregation". I an- 
swered, **Sir, if you insist upon it« I will, and so you may be pleased 
to tell her." He said, * 'write to her and tell her so yourself ".I said, 
"I will", and after he went home I wrote as follows : — 

To Mrs. Sophia Williamson. 

At Mr. Causton's request I write at once. The rules whereby I pro- 
ceed are these : — 

"So many as intend to be partakers of the holy communion shall 
Mgnify their names'to the curate at least some tune the day before". 
This you did not do. 

" And if any of these have done any wrong to his neiehbor, by 
word or deed, so that the congregation be thereby offended, the cu- 
rate shall advertise him that in any wise he presume not to come to the 
2 e r— ▼ 4 



18 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

me the Foundation of the Prosecution which was carried iJJL 
on against him, that it arose from divers Affidavits made ^^^J™^- 
of his frequent killing of Cattle ; that those Things be- 
ing laid before the Grand Jury, which consisted of a 
large Number of Principal Freeholders, they had found 
that Bill of Indidlment against him, to which he had 
pleaded Not Guilty ; and they were very glad he had 
Temper enough to receive my Advice, and get it trav- 
ersed to another Time, rather than run the Risk of being 
scandalously found Guilty as a Felon : . 

But that before my Coming, he had bid oJ!)en Defiance 
^ to the Court ; and on several Occasions, at other Times, 
Mr, Wesley and he, and some others, who were closely 
link'd in opposing the Magistrates in the Execution of 

Lord's table until he hath openly declared himself to have truly 
repented,'* 

If vou offer yourself at the Lord's table on Sunday I will advertise 
you (as I have done more than once) wherein you have done wrone. 
And when you have openly declared yourself to have truly repented, 
I will administer to you the mysteries of God. 
August II, 1737. JOHN WESLEY. 

Mr. Delamotte carrying this, Mr. Causton said, among many other 
warm sayings, *'I am the person that am injured. The affront is 
offered to me ; and I will espouse the cause of my niece. I am ill 
used ; and I will have satisfaction if it be to be had in the world". 

Which way this satisfaction was to be had I did not yet conceive. 
But on Friday and Saturday it began to appear : Mr. Causton de- 
clared to many persons that ** Mr. Wesley had repelled Sophie from 
the holy communion purely out of revenge ; because he had made 
proposals of marriage to her, which she rejected, and married Mr. 
Williamson.** 

Tuesday 16. Mrs. Williamson swore to and signed an affidavit in- 
sinuating more than it asserted ; she asserting that Mr. Wesley had 
many times proposed marriage to her, all of which proposals she had 
rejected. Of this I desired a copy. Mr. Causton replied, *'Sir, you 
may have one from any of the newspapers in America." 

On Thursday or Friday was delivered out a list of twenty-six men 
who were to meet as a grand jury on Monday the 22nd. But this list 
was called in the next day, and twenty-four names added to it. Of 
the grand jury (forty four of whom only met) one was a Frenchman 
who did not understand English, one a Papist, one a professed infi- 
del, three Baptists, sixteen or seventeen other dissenters, and several 
others who had personal quarrels against me and had openly avowed 
revenge. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 19 

Justice, used to come into the Court in a menacing Man- iiji, 
ner, crying out, Liberty, calling to the People to remember ^%*"*^- 
they were Englishmen, &c. and that Mr. Wesley was gen- 
erally the principal Speaker, to harangue the People 
though he had no Sort of Business, or any Call there ; 
insomuch, that they had been divers Times apprehensive ^ ^ 
of being mobb'd and turned off the Bench. In this 
Manner was the Town divided, and very few remained 
neuter, but espoused one Party or the other. After this 
they proceeded to acquaint me, that the Constables, 
Tything-men, &c. were many of them so influenced, 
and led away by these Means, as any of them happened 
to be personally piqued, that often they neglected the 

To this grand jury on Monday, the 22nd, Mr. Causton gave a long 
and earnest charge *' to beware of spiritual tyranny, and to oppose 
the new, illegal authority which was usurped over their consciences.'' 

Mrs. Williamson's affidavit was read, after which Mr. Causton de- 
livered to the grand jury a paper entitled: '* A list of grievances, 

presented by the Grand Jury for Savannah this day of August, 

1737." This the majority of the grand jury altered in some particu- 
lars, and on Thursday, September i, delivered it again to the Coiul, 
under the form of two presentments, containing ten bills which were 
read to the people. 

Herein they asserted, upon oath, *'That John Wesley, clerk, had 
broken the laws of the realm, contrary to the peace of our sovereign 
lord the King, his crown and dignity : 

1. By speaking and writing to Mrs. Williamson against her hus- 
band's consent. 

2. By repelling her from the holy communion. 

3. By not declaring his adherence to the Church of England. 

4. By dividing the Morning service on Sunday. 

5. By refusing to baptize Mr. Parker's child otherwise than by dip- 
ping, except the parents would certify it was weak and not able to 
bear it. 

6. By expelling William Gough from the holy communion. 

7. By refusing to read the Burial service over the body of Nathaniel 

Pomui. 

8. By calling himself Ordinary of Savannah. 

9. By refusing to receive William Anglionby as a godfather, only 
because he was not a communicant. 

10. By refusing Jacob Matthews for the same reason, and baptizing 
an Indian trader's child with only two sponsors. (This I own was 
wrong ; for I ought at all hazards to have refused baptizing it till he 
bad produced a third. ) 



20 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

due Execution of Warrants, whereby Justice was de- <vi^ 
feated ; nay farther, that tho* it was well known there N<>^g*°»^- 
were Abundance of unlicensed Tippling Houses in all 
Parts of the Town, where Spirits were sold ; and that the 
Magistrates had often given it to them in Charge to 
present such Houses, (which they well knew) yet they 
never could procure one Presentment from them : So 
little Regard was paid to their Authority, Many other 
Things passed in this Conversation, setting forth the 
Hardships the Magistrates now lay under; and withal, that 
their whole Time almost was spent to serve the Publick, 
for which they never yet had any Recompence, (viz. 
Parker and Christie) but were very great Losers ; and 
Christie said plainly he resolved to quit, but upon my 

Fri. Sep. 2. Waa the third court at which I appeared since my be- 
ing carried before Mr. P. and the recorder. I now moved for an im- 
mediate hearing on the first bill, being the only one of a civil nature ; 
but it was refused. I made the same motion in the afternoon ; but it 
was put off until the next court day. 

On the next court day I appeared again, as also at the two courts 
following, but could not be heard because (the judge said) Mr. Wil- 
liamson was gone out of town. 

The sense of the minority of the grand jury themselves (for they 
were by no means unanimous) concerning these presentments, may 
appear from the following paper which they transmitted to the Trus- 
tees. (Here follows a long paper written on the part of some of the 
jurors, whose names are not given, dissenting from certain puts of 
the presentment.) 

This was signed by twelve of the grand jurors of whom three were 
constables and six were tithingmen, who consequently would have 
made a majority if the jury had consisted, as it regularly should 
have done, of only fifteen members, viz. The four constables and 
eleven tithingmen. 

Thur. Nov. 3. I appeared again at the court, holden on that day, 
and again at the court held Tuesday, Nov. 22nd. on which day Mr. 
Causton desired to speak with me. He then read me some affidavits 
which had been made September 15th last past, in one of which it 
was affirmed that I had abused Mr. Causton in his own house, calling 
him liar, villain, and so on. It was now likewise repeated before 
several persons, which indeed I had forgot, that I had been repri- 
manded at the last court for an enemy to and hindrance of the pub- 
lic peace. 

I again consulted my friends who agreed with me that the time we 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 21 

saying I hoped he would not be too rash, he seemed >J^. 
content to wait awhile longer, and see what the Trustees' ^^"^^^ 
Pleasure wasj Parker's Case I thought indeed deserved y 
particular Consideration ; for thro' the Necessity of his 
negle<5ling his own Business to serve the Publick, he was ^" 
run much behind hand ; and the very mean Habit he was 
in, (very little better than the common Sort of the Popu- 
lace) too plainly shewed it, which upon the Bench must 
appear despicable : Mr. Causton said a great many 
Things in Commendation of his Perseverance, and steady 
Behaviour, under all those Streights, which I could not 
but think, would merit the Favour of the Trustees, and 
that he would not be driven to make use of his Gown in 

looked for was now come. And the next morning calling on Mr. 
Causton, I told him I desired to set out for England immediately. I 
set up an advertisement in the great square to the same effect, and 
quietly prepared for my journey. 
\}ll Fri. Dec. 2. I proposed to set out for Carolina about noon, the tide 
then serving. But about ten the magistrates sent for me and told me 
I must not go out of the province, for I had not answered the allega- 
tions laid against me. I replied, *'I have appeared at six or seven 
courts successively, in order to answer them. But I was not. suffered 
to do so when I desired it time after time'*. They then said, how- 
ever, I must not go unless I would give security to answer those alle- 
gations at their court. I asked ** What security? *' After consulting 
together about two hours, the recorder showed me a kind of bond en- 
gaging me under a penalty of fifty pounds, to appear at their court 
when I should be required. He added, ''But Mr. Williamson too has 
desired of us that you should give bail to answer his action**. I then 
told them plainly, *'Sir, you use me very ill, and so you do the Trus- 
tees. I will give neither a bond nor any bail at all. You know your 
business and I know mine*'. 

In the afternoon the magistrates published an order requiring all the 
officers and sentinels to prevent my going out of the province, and 
forbidding any person to assist me to do so. Being now only a pris- 
oner at large in a place where I knew by experience every day would 
give fresh opportunity to procure evidence of words I never said and 
actions I never did, I saw clearly the hour was come for leaving this 
place, and as soon as evening prayers were over, about eight oclock, 
the tide then serving, I shook off the dust of ray feet, and left Geor- 
gia, after having preached the Gospel there (not as I ought but as I 
was able) one year and nearly nine months. 



22 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Court, as a Cover for Rags. After two or three Hours ^^!^ 
Conference on such Topicks we parted. Noremb. 

Wbdnesday. Mr. Causton called on me in the Morn- 9. 
ing, telling me that Mr. Watson being released from his 
Confinement, by Order of the Trustees, the next Affair 
would be to settle Accounts with him; and as he ex- 
pedled him immediately at his House for that Purpose, 
he wished I would be present, to observe what passed ; 
whereupon I went with him, and finding it a long, intri- 
cate, and tedious Piece of Work, wherein they could not 
readily agree in divers Articles, I proposed to them to 
refer it to two indifferent Men, to be named by them- 
selves, who were well-skilled in Trade and Accounts, to 
state it betwixt them ; which, though not definite, yet 
might be a Means to shorten the Dispute, by placing it 
in such a Light as would give each a clearer View of the 
Whole : They both agreed to it, and two such Persons 
were named as proposed. Several of my Servants that 
came with me continuing sickly, under the Care of one 
whom Mr. Causton recommended, I could yet employ 
none of them to any great Purpose. 

Thursday. Busy the Forenoon writing on various lo. 
Occasions: After Dinner Mr. Causton called on me again, 
desiring I should be present to hear what passed be- 
twixt him and some of the Moravians, whom he expedled 
at his House by Appointment, and to whom he was to 
communicate such Advice as he had newly received from 
the Trustees: The Reason, he said, why he asked me to 
be there, was, because he knew they had been tampered 
with by some of the disaffedled People of the Town, and 
were grown apprehensive, that the Liberties which Count 
Zinzendorff had stipulated for them with the Trustees, 
were in Danger of being infringed: I went and sat with 
them for some Time ; and upon Mr. Causton's reading 
the Rules and Orders which the Trustees required to be 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 23 

observed towards them, by the Magistrates, &c. they dis- 22L 
covered great Contentment, and went away extremely n<>\«"^^- 
well pleased. 

Friday. Mr. Watson made me a Visit this Morning, ii. 
bringing Mr. Coates (the Constable) with him, who was 
constantly his Companion, and entered on a long Narration 
of his Confinement and Sufferings from the Beginning, 
alledging, that the whole Proceeding was illegal and un- 
justly founded ; particularly that the Verdidl was wrongly 
transmitted to the Trustees, that there was no original ■» 
Record from whence to take a Copy, that he was hur- 
ried on to his Trial instantaneously in an arbitrary Man- 
ner, and threatened by the Magistrates before the Prose- 
cution commenced, that unless he quitted the Province, 
he might depend on certain Ruin ; but that was what he 
could not do, (he said) without first getting his Effedls 
together, which were very considerable ; wherefore the 
Prosecution was then carried on with unexampled Rigour 
and Injustice: In all which Mr. Coates concurred. 
Then he expatiated on the many sad Consequences 
which ensued from that Time to this, wherein he wanted 
not Words to utter himself plausibly; but I could not 
readily believe everything as Fadl, not doubting but good 
Reasons were to be offerM in Answer, such as I was not 
Master of ; moreover, I thought him a little too much 
transported, and carried away with Flights sometimes in 
his Discourse, which had the Appearance of a distem- 
pered Head. After great Part of the Morning taken up 
in this Manner, I could only tell him, (as I did) that if 
there was any Thing which he thought might be of Use 
to him, to lay before the Trustees, if he would put it in 
Writing, and leave it with me to peruse, I would there- 
after let him know my Opinion, how far it was proper 
for me to meddle, or acquaint the Trustees with it: So 
we parted. 

Saturday. Little worth Observation this Day, partly 12. 



24 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

spent at home, and partly in walking round the adjacent 
Lots. 



1717. 



Novemb. 
19. 



Sunday. Mr. Wesley preach 'd on these Words, Is it la. 
lawful to give Tribute unto Cxsar or not t from whence he 
discoursed largely on the duties of Magistrates in their 
several subordinate Ranks and Degrees, and the Obedi- 
ence due from the People ; setting forth how far it was, 
nevertheless consistent with Christian Liberty, for Peo- 
ple to insist on their Rights, when they found themselves 
oppressed by inferior Magistrates exercising a discretion- 
ary Authority, which exceeded their Commission ; as an 
Instance whereof, he laid down St. Paul's Behaviour, 
when the chief Captain had him before him, and how ap- 
prehensive the chief Captain was, of his having gone too 
far, as it is related in the twenty-second Chapter of the 
Adls ; and on another Occasion, when St. Paul had been 
evil intreated of the Magistrates at Philippi, who the 
next Day ordered him to be set at Liberty, &c. he then 
pijt on a peculiar Spirit, in the thirty-seventh Verse of 
the Sixteenth of the Adls. This seeming to be urged 
with an uncommon Emphasis, some were of Opinion, 
that it pointed directly at Mr. Watson's Case, who was 
one of the Audience, and who had been advised by the 
Magistrates, upon his being newly discharged, to make 
haste out of the Province ; and whom (it was said) Mr. 
Wesley was now very intimate with. The Congregation 
was very thin again, which I was sorry to see ; but I 
found that the Magistrates, and many of the principal 
Inhabitants of late, had wholly absented themselves 
from Church ; nevertheless, I thought it my Duty not to 
abstain from the publick Worship, whatever Failings the 
Minister might have, which in Time would be more 
fully known, whether more or less grievous, but at 
present represented in a bad Light by too many. 



Monday. Walked early in the Morning, by Appoint- 
ment, about two Miles out of Town, to view the Road, 



14. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 26 

with Mr. Robert Williams, who had the Care and Inspec- ^^ 
tion of it; and I thought it carried on with good Judg- ^^^^• 
ment. My Son Ball's five Acres Lot laying near it, I 
spent some Time in looking narrowly into it, and re- 
turned home a little before Noon, intending to set on 
some Hands very soon to begin clearing of it. Mr. 
Causton (who went on Saturday to his Country-House) 
returned to Town this Evening. 

Tuesday. This Day arrived a Sloop laden with Pro- u. 
vi^sions of divers Kinds from New York, (Lubois, Master) 
which was very welcome ; for in all the Time that I have 
known Savannah, several Sorts of them were never more 
wanted: The greatest Part of it was consigned to Hen- 
riquez Nunis, a Jew Inhabitant here, who is one of the 
greatest Substance among them; and whereas our Neigh- 
bors of Carolina were grown very slack in supplying this 
Market; though they knew our Wants, and seemed to 
talk of it with Pleasure, (as I thought, when lately among 
them) representing the Colony in a starving Condition, 
without Money or Credit; I was of Opinion, that this 
Importer should not want Encouragement, provided he 
sold his Goods equally cheap with others; whereby we 
might shew them, that we were in a Condition to help 
ourselves, and wanted neither Money nor Means, to be 
furnished with what we desired. The other Part of the 
Cargo was in the Master's Disposal; and what Mr. Caus- 
ton found needful for the Stores, he would take of each 
of them: The rest, such as many Sorts of Garden-Roots, 
Cabbages, Fowls, Butter, Beer, &c. the Inhabitants were 
ready very eagerly to take off their Hands. The Master 
reported, that he spoke with Capt. Thompson on his Pas- * 

sage off the Coast, on Saturday in the Evening; and 
early on Sunday Morning, having lost Sight of him, he 
heard the Firing of several Muskets, which he doubted 
might be from his Ship in Distress; and this gave us no 
small Apprehension of Thompson's Danger: But late in 
the Evening of this Day, Capt. Thompson came very 



m 



26 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

agreeably to us himself, in his Boat from Tybee, where ^^ 
he had left his Ship safe at Anchor, and all was well: ^^''^^^ 
But the Danger he had been in, was real; for he ac- 
quainted us how he had struck upon the Flats on Sunday 
Morning off the Bar of Charles-Town, occasion'd by the 
Negligence of his Mate, who had steerM a different 
Course from what he had order'd, whilst he lay down to 
get a little Rest, after being fatigued, and the Weather 
at that Time very moderate. 

Wednesday. Mr. Bradley came and sat some Time le. 
with me in the Morning, entertaining me with a long 
Narration of his Grievances (almost endless to go 
through the particulars of) the Substance whereof in 
general was. That he found himself much disappointed 
in what Encouragement he thought he had good Grounds 
to expedl; that he apprehended some Promises would 
scarcely ever be fulfilled which had been made to him; 
but on the contrary he was subjected to Mr. Causton, 
who being jealous of him, as of one capable of discern- 
ing his dark Practices, had therefore set himself against 
him, and not only refused, in an arbitrary Manner, to 
deliver such Money and Stores to him as he had a Right 
from the Trust to demand, but sought all Ways possible 
to ruin him, whereof his late Prosecution was a flagrant 
Instance. Then he told me (as a secret) that Causton 
had already began his underhand Craft in relation to 
me, and insinuated into some People's Heads, that they 
should not give too hasty Credit to all I said; for that 
he was well assured I put some Things in a better Light 
than they deserved; particularly, that all those strong 
Assurances I had given of the honourable Trustees hav- 
ing it much at Heart to make every Body as easy as 
possible, who were tPuly industrious, and conformed 
themselves to the Laws and Rules of the Place, he 
thought to be Words of course; and as to Mr. Ogle- 
thorpe's coming shortly, he gave little Heed to that, for 
he had Reason to think otherwise. When I press'd him 



COLONIAL RECORDS- 27 

to let me know how he could get such Intelligence of i^^ 
Mr. Causton*s talking in that Manner, whom every Body No^|™*>- 
knew to be of so close and reserved a Temper; he said 
he had it from Mr. Brown of Highgate, whom Mr. Caus- 
ton said all this to lately, and a great deal more: I 
seem'd to listen to it; but when I found it came through 
that Canal, was in myself convinced, that supposing Mr. 
Causton to have ever so bad Intention to discredit me, 
yet I knew he had too much sense to make a Confident 
of a Man of Mr. Brown's Character, who is seldom so- 
ber, or has the Use of his Reason. Some other Persons 
coming to speak with me, put an end to our farther Con- 
fidence for the present. I saw plainly, that every Hour 
of my Time might be so employed, if I shewed too 
much Inclination that Way: A little now and then (I 
thought) would be Time not ill bestowed, in hearing what 
the prime Sticklers for each Party had to accuse their 
Adversaries with; by which I might form at length the 
better Judgment of those Matters, which produced so 
much Strife. In several Occurrences of this Day, I learnt 
that Capt. Hugh McKay had been very industrious in 
the Highlands to make bad impressions on the Minds 
of the People there, with relation to this Colony: A 
great deal Capt. Thompson complained of, and gave 
many Instances; but from James Anderson (a Carpenter) 
I got more Particulars, especially by a Letter which he 
shewed me he had received from one of the Magistrates 
of Inverness (Bailey Avis) who was his Friend and Kins- 
man^ wherein I read abundance of malicious and false 
Reports, spread by him to the Discredit of the Trust, 
and the great Discouragement of many who were other- 
wise well disposed to come over, and seek a Livelihood 
here. 

Thursday. Capt. Thompson's Ship coming up the n. 
River, now lay a little below Augustin Creek at Anchor; 
the Tides flowing so short at present, made the Pilot 
fearful to venture farther by Yoakley's Bank for want of 



28 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Water, till it flowed higher. In the Evening Mr. Brown- ^^ 
field came and sat with me alone: He entered freely with ^^^IJ™**' 
me into Discourse, which I gave the readier Attention to, 
knowing him to be capable of informing me of most of 
the Transactions here; but at the same Time I knew it 
behooved me to be upon my Guard, lest he should mis- 
lead me through Prejudice: He professed a Neutrality as 
to all Parties^ condemning without Distinction, most of 
their Proceedings, and laying open the different motives 
which they went on; particularly the Parson, Mr. Caus- 
ton, Bradley, &c. whom he equally censur'd for Violence 
and Passion; but I found him (as I thought) attached 
more particularly to Messieurs Williams, McKay, and 
that Knot, who complained so loudly of the Tenure of 
their Land, and the Impossibility they lay under of Im- 
provements, which he said had been sadly experienced, 
by several who had thrown out most of their Substance 
that way, and found themselves every year falling more 
and more back, notwithstanding their utmost Endeavours, 
Thrift, and Industry: I heard all he said, interposing only 
a few Words now and then, to discover (if I could) what 
he principally drove at: And in the main I judg'd him 
studious in projedling some Amendments, in many Parts 
of the present Management, as well with relation to the 
Improvement of Lands, as the Execution of Justice; but 
blaming all such as were led by Passion, and made great 
Clamours, which he said was not so likely a Way of in- 
ducing the Trustees to hearken to their Complaints, as by 
representing their Grievances in a modest and submissive 
Stile; wherein I did not stick to concur with him in Opin- 
ion; and after two or three Hours so spent, he took 
Leave. 

Friday. Mr. Bradly with me again early this Morn- w. 
ing, together with Mr. Aglionby, bringing with them a 
copy of the Representation of the Grand Jury, dated the 
first of September last, which they had sent to London 
to be considered by the Trustees; and as Mr. Brownfield 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 29 

was Foreman, I could not much hesitate in Judging who i^ 
it was that drew it up, especially when his Discourse last ^°^^* 
Night (so fresh in my Thoughts) was so much of a Piece 
with this. They left it with me to peruse, and after a 
little of their usual Talk, went off, upon Capt. Thomp- 
son's coming to me with three Highland Servants, which 
he brought with him from Inverness, instead of Six that 
were levied, three of whom run away afterwards, fright- 
ened at the Report made of Georgia by Capt. Hugh 
McKay. Meeting Mr. Robert Williams in my Walk this 
Day, he fell into the former and constant Discourse 
again, touching the Tenure of the Lands, &c. warmly ex- 
postulating thereon, and producing a Letter he had re- 
ceived from some Merchants at Bristol lately, to whom 
he made Proposals of carrying on a Trade here in Part- 
nership; but they had rejected it with contempt, alledg- 
ing,' that no Fadlor could adl with Safety, or give any 
Credit for Goods, where no proper Security could be 
offered; by which Means all our India Trade here, which 
is the most valuable of any, could not be supported; for 
no Merchant, either of London or Bristol, would venture 
to risk anything among People whose Property was so 
precarious, that they could not make a Title to it; where- 
fore his Friends advised him by all Means to quit his 
whole Affairs here, and leave them at any Event, with- 
out throwing away any more Money, to no other End 
than his own Loss. He added, that he expected a Ship 
very soon from his Brother in the Leeward Islands, only in 
Ballast, which he knew not what to do with; but that his 
Brother at St. Kitt's. to whom he was a Partner., had 
wrote to him, that unless he came away with the Ship, 
and quitted this Place, he would dissolve the Partnership, 
and leave him to fall by himself. I reasoned cooly with 
him as well as I could; but he seemed resolute (whether 
so or not.) Some Time after I called on Mr. Causton, to 
considei how far it was proper to take Notice of what had 
passed, and what Consequences might be expelled: Each 
of us resting in one Opinion, after a little Talk, that this 



30 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

was a Contrivance betwixt Mr. Williams and his Corre- iI!!L 
spondents, to bring about a design of those Merchants to Novemb. 
get Possession of great Part of the Lands of the Province, 
which would not be hard to do, if the Proprietors of 
Lands here had a Power of mortgaging; and by that 
Means cultivating Lands would find no Encouragement, 
farther than as it conduced to promote mercantile Traf- 
fick. It was expedled, that this Scene would open more 
intelligibly in a short Time. 

Saturday. Little occurred worth Note this Day: But i»- 
in the Evening I was informed, upon Mr. Watson's giv- 
ing out Threats, what he would do when he came to Eng- 
land, in calling all People to Account for what was past; 
Mrs. Musgrave's Husband (Matthews) apprehended he 
might mean him (among others) some Trouble in a re- 
mote Country, on account of a Partnership subsisting be- 
twixt Musgrave and Watson; he thought it his best Way, 
to learn before he went, what Demands (if any) he had 
upon him, which he was not aware of; and therefore got 
a Warrant from the Magistrates against him, to bring 
him to Account here; which Warrant he gave to the 
Tythingman then upon Duty to serve, and offered to go 
with him and shew him where he was; but the Tything- 
man refused serving it, for that Reason, because he was 
upon Guard. Upon Enquiry I found that some Disputes 
of the like Nature had happened before, concerning the 
Officer upon Guard's Duty, in that Point, whether he 
was obliged to execute a Warrant in a civil Adlion, or 
not, whilst he was upon a different Duty; and it remained 
yet a Controversy which might produce very bad Effedls; 
as particularly in this Case; to-morrow being Sunday, 
when no civil Process can issue, in case Watson should 
remove out of the Province before Monday, by that 
Means the Adlion is defeated: Moreover it is of the 
utmost Importance (as I conceive) that ready Obedience 
be paid to all Warrants from the Civil Power, for Rea- 
sons too obvious to be named. Upon this Matthews (now 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 31 

nearly allied to the Indians by Marriage) resolved imme- ^ilJL 
diately to appoint two or three of them to watch the Novemb. 
Passage, and if Watson offered to go off, to stop him, 
waiting what Monday would produce. 

Sunday. Mr. Wesley gave us a Sermon upon the sev- 20. 
cral Kinds of Passion, from these Words (Jesus wept) 
setting forth how far they were consistent with Chris- 
tianity, as our blessed Saviour himself was subje<Sl to all 
of them in his human Nature, except Hatred, which he 
shewed in nothing but against Vice, and therein person- 
ally towards none: The well-regulating those Passions 
therefore, was the Christian's Duty. In treating of which, 
he shewed himself a good Casuist (as I thought) but such 
a metaphysical Discourse, would have been better adapted, 
in my Apprehension, to a learned Audience, than such a 
poor, thin Congregation of People, who rather stood in 
need of plain Dodlrine. In the Afternoon Capt. Thomp- 
son's Ship finding Water enough in the River, came up 
to the Town, saluted the Fort, and his Compliment was 
returned. 

Monday. My Servants now beginning to recover 21. 
Strength after their Sickness, I resolved, with such as I 
had, to begin work this Morning, in clearing the Lot 
near Town, which belonged to my Son-in-Law, that had 
been before shewn to me; but some Doubt arising, 
whether I was mistaken or not in what I thought right, 
and that being said to me by an old Inhabitant, the Sur- 
veyor Jones being also out of Town, about twelve Miles, 
upon some Lands where he was beginning an Improve- 
ment, I sent a Messenger with a Horse to call him to 
Town, and ascertain it, before I would begin. The Affair 
of Watson's being apprehended, continued still subjedl 
to much Obstruction, from several of the Officers evad- 
ing artfully, or some refusing positively, to execute that 
Warrant: And upon a little private Conference I had with 
the Magistrates, I found they were apprehensive of worse 



32 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Things; for they were informed divers of the Officers ^iJ^ 
lately declared they did not value their Commissions, n®^°*^- 
but were ready and desirous to give them up, rather than 
be subjedl to such Servitude (as they termed it) and Dis- 
couragement of all Kinds: So exasperated were they 
grown through the Influence of those, who to make their 
Party considerable, had filled their Heads with Fears and 
Jealousies, of being perpetually laden with Grievances, 
for which there was no Likelihood of Redress. I exhorted 
them to be of good Courage, and steady in pursuing the 
Thing that was right, and did not doubt but I should 
shortly see them disunite again, and fall out one with 
another. We appointed to meet again to-morrow Morn- 
ing, and consult what was expedient. 

Tuesday. This Morning early I went to meet the a. 
Magistrates at Mr. Causton's, and this being the Day to 
which the Court, that was holden at my first coming to 
Town, was adjourned, I found them in Dispute about put- 
ting on their Gowns ; whether at this Time it would be 
proper, or better deferred till Matters were more com- 
posed : I recommended to them to read what the Trus- 
tees had wrote in their Letter concerning it; where it 
was found they meant it as a Favour to the Town, in giv- 
ing greater Weight, and Shew of the Authority of the 
Magistrates : Mr. Causton seemed to be of Opinion 
with me, that it would be so, and urged, that the not doing 
it carried the Appearance of Coldness : Mr. Parker pro- 
fessed a great Desire to shew all dutiful Obedience to 
the Trustees' Orders, and appealed to those present how 
far his Zeal in the Service had carried him for supporting 
the Establishment, even to his very great Loss by such 
frequent Attendance in Town on publick Business, 
whilst his own was negledled ; nevertheless he would 
persist, as long as he was able, in so doing ; and nothing 
should terrify him, in Conjunction with his Brethren ; 
then he asked me how well his Gown would fit such mean 
Apparel (as indeed he had on :) and I found the poor 



COLONIAL RECORDS, 33 

Man's low Circumstances sat heavy on his Thoughts ; ^J^ 
but he did not want a good Share of Understanding. I n<»^™*>- 
was surprised a little at Mr. Christie, the Recorder's 
shewing such an Indifference to put on his Gown now or 
hereafter ; for he had executed that Office (he said) from 
the Beginning, during so many Years, that it took up al- 
most his whole Time, for which he had no other Recom- 
pence than to bear the Brunt of all Clamour, and was es- 
teemed among the Disaffe<Sled, no other than Mr. Caus- 
ton*s Tool ; that he had often sought for Leave to quit 
it, but was persuaded otherwise ; and now he was fully 
determined. 

Mr. Causton replied, that it was well known he him- 
self was the Butt which all the Fury was shot at ; and 
that the Recorder had not so much Reason to complain 
on that Score ; and with some Warmth declared, that if 
Mr. Christie declin'd his Office, he would no more hold 
any Court, but be ready to act hereafter, only as a pri- 
vate Magistrate. From what passed, and more that fell 
from them, I perceived there was grown an inward Cold- 
ness betwixt those two, though it was not visible to out- 
ward Appearance. I reasoned the Matter as well as I 
could with Mr. Christie, and asked him what Opinion all 
the World must have of his good Will to the Publick, if he 
withdrew at such a Crisis, when every good Man ought 
to exert himself : Upon which he so far recollected him- 
self, as to assure me he did not intend to throw up in 
such an abrupt Manner as I conceived ; that I should see 
he would proceed with the same Vigour he had ever done, 
for the good of the Publick, till some fitter Person was 
appointed in his Room, desiring me to represent it to the 
Trustees, in the most dutiful Manner. After much Time 
spent in this Conference, it was judged most advisable to 
adjourn the Court, by Notice fixt on the Court-house 
Door (as was customary) till to-morrow. In the mean 
while Affidavits were to be taken by the Recorder from 
the several Complainants against such Officers as had re- 

8cr— v4 



34 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

fused to execute Warrants, and thereupon those Officers sf!^ 
were to be summoned to answer them. • ^^™ * 

Wednesday. Several Affidavits being taken pursuant 28. 
to Yesterday's Deliberation; it was thought best to take 
another Opportunity for summoning the Officers com- 
plained of, before the Magistrates, and enquire into it in 
a private Manner, rather than at the Court to be held 
this Day, where the Temper of the People might be ob- 
served : And there being no Matter of extraordinary 
Moment to come on, Mr. Causton (who had Abundance 
of Business on his Hands, which required Dispatch) de- 
sired Messieurs Parker and Christie to open the Court 
without him, and if any Thing particular happened 
which required his Attendance, or Assistance, he would, 
upon Notice, come to them. They did so, and went 
through the whole Affair of the Day with great Tran- 
quility, and no Interruption ; whereat they expressed 
themselves much pleased, because it was more than they 
expedled : And Mr. Christie told me, he had now read 
my Commission in open Court, which I had put into his 
Hands to do at a former Court ; but it was then (as he 
said) forgot. And now I renewed to them our former 
Discourse about putting on their Gowns, which they 
shewed a better Disposition to than before, when they 
were not in so good Humour : And I promised myself to 
see the general Ferment subside by Degrees, if a firm 
Unanimity and Resolution was preserved among those 
who had the executive Power ; so that the next Court 
should be opened with due Solemnity. Mr. Wesley 
having sent to Mr. Causton for a Copy of some Papers, 
occasioned through their falling out, Mr. Causton sent 
him Word, that if he would come to him, or give him an 
Opportunity of a few Words, he would give him Copies 
of any Thing he asked ; and Mr. Wesley thereupon send- 
ing him Word he would wait on him after Dinner, Mr. 
Causton desired me to be present, and hear what passed. 
When they met, some Marks of Resentment were easily 



COLONIAL RECORDS- 35 

discoverable from their Words, as might be expedled iJ^ 
betwixt two Persons at Variance, recriminating on each n®^|J*^*>- 
other ; wherein I really thought Mr. Causton most vehe- 
ment, alledging high Provocations (too long to insert 
here) which I presume he lays fully open before the 
Trustees ; as it is likewise to be presumed Mr. Wesley 
does on his Part. What I thought most worthy my ob- 
serving therefore, was, that though the Parson appeared 
more temperate in the Debate, yet he shewed a greater 
Aversion to a Coalition than the other : For Mr. Caus- 
ton very readily told him (after the first Heat was over) 
that to show his Disposition to an Accommodation, he 
should find him come to Church again, and willing to 
pass over a good many Things that seemed to obstru(Sl 
a good Understanding with one another: But no such 
Advances were made (as I could find) by Mr. Wesley ; 
who by his Replies seemed to be of Opinion, that a Re- 
conciliation was hardly possible. However, from what 
happened, I hop*d that this Beginning might lead on far- 
ther Steps the same Way, and end well at last: They 
parted with mutual civilities. Some Time after (the 
same Evening) Mr. Williamson arrived from Charles- 
Town, who was the Person that married Mr. Causton*s 
Niece, from whence all this Feud arose ; and he went 
away from Savannah not long after the Breach began, 
giving out that he would go for England ; but now he 
returned again : And meeting him on his coming ashore, 
I told him what had passed this Day, and the Hopes I 
had of seeing two old Friends unite again : Which he 
was so far from being pleased at, that he made a solemn 
Asseveration, that if such an Agreement came to pass, 
he would not stay under the same Roof an Hour: From 
whence I doubted the Breach would widen again. 

Thursday. Mr. Jones the Surveyor being come to 24. 
Town again, I went with him to see the five Acre Lot, 
where I purposed at present to employ what Hands I 
had ; and as it was run out before, he readily shewed me 



36 COLONIAL RECORDS- 

the Bounds, and renewed the Marks in each Line, which ,i2L 
had been formerly made. At my return to Town, I was ^®^™^- 
a little surprised to hear that Mr. Wesley had fix*d up a 
public Advertisement signifying his Intent of going soon 
for England. 

The Magistrates convened again this Evening at Mr. 
Causton's, where I was present ; when they sent first for 
one Gough a Tything-man, who was one of those Offi- 
cers against whom Affidavits had been made for disobey- 
ing their Warrants : He behaved with Pertness very un- 
becoming, telling them, that whatever Warrants he had 
served, he looked on as a Matter of Courtesy ; which 
justly provoked them, and I took upon me to tell him 
how justly he deserved proper Treatment, reproaching 
him with his cabaling against the established Authority, 
and how inexcusable he was, when I knew that at Mr. 
Oglethorpe's last departure, he had adled so as to be in 
his good Esteem, and received some Marks of his Fa- 
vour, which had he persever'd in, he might have expe<Sled 
reasonable Encouragement from the Trustees. He of- 
fered some few Excuses not very material, but principally, 
that he hop'd that he was not more culpable than others 
who had done the like. Upon his seeming Disposition 
and Promises to behave more orderly for the future, and 
to be as forward as any in promoting the publick Service, 
as I had aggravated his Offences before, I now became an 
Intercessor for him, and prevailed with the Magistrates 
to try how he would perform in Time coming; being of 
Opinion, that during these Discontents, a little Mildness 
shown to such as had an Inclination to reform, might op- 
erate well ; but Severity was requisite for the Obstinate. 
'Twas thought best, therefore, after this, to call now and 
then one of those Offenders at a Time before them (two 
among which were Constables) after some of the most 
deserving of them had been first talked with in private, 
and better advised ; which part I undertook to try with 
one or two of them, whom I had formerly known of a 
different Disposition. Before we parted Mr. Causton 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 87 

shewed me a Packet from the Trustees, sent as long since ^^ 
as by Capt. Scott in the Seaforth (Copies of which he N^^^^b. 
had received by another Ship long ago), which Packet 
now received was broke open, though sealed with three 
Seals, and came inclosed to him from Mr. Evelcigh 
at Charles-Town, without one Word about it. 

Friday. Spent this whole Day at Home in private, ». 
and had no Intelligence of any Thing worth remark ; 
only that the Pettyagua bound for Darien with the 
Scotch Servants, and others, for Frederica, (who all 
came with Capt. Thompson) sailed this Morning. 

Saturday. Very early this Morning I went with what 9«. 
Servants I had that were able to work, and set them on 
at the five Acre Lot to clear the Ground, &c. At my 
return I read a publick Advertisement fixt up in the 
Common Place by Mr. Williamson, and signifying. That 
whereas Mr. Wesley had given publick Notice of his 
Intention to go soon for England; he did hereby notify, 
that there was a Cause depending in this Court, where 
he had brought his Action against the said Mr. Wesley 
for 1000 /. Damages ; and therefore, if any one should 
aid and assist Mr. Wesley in going out of the Province, 
he would prosecute such Person with the utmost Rigour. 
So that from what each of them had advertised, I now 
began to lay aside all Hopes of an Accommodation be- 
twixt those Families; which would be a Means (I feared) 
of keeping these Party Divisions alive; many being led 
by their Passions to espouse that Side which carried on 
an Opposition to such as they were at personal Enmity 
with; whilst several ot them, I plainly saw, cared little in 
Reality for either. 

Sunday. Mr. Wesley, in his Discourse this Day on 37. 
A&s XX. 26, 27. took occasion to explain what was 
meant by the Counsel of God; and enforced the Pradlice 
of all Christian Duties very pathetically; which he was 



38 COLONIAL RECORDS, 

well qualified to do always. Some People imagined ,i^ 
from the Choice of his Text, that he meant it as a Sort ^^^f^^- 
of Farewell Sermon; but it did not appear so to me from 
any particular Expressions that could shew it. 

Monday. Mr. Paris, (a gentleman of large Plantations, 28. 
and one of the Assembly of Carolina) who came to Town 
last Night, made me a Visit this Morning, when among 
other Discourse he infprmed me, that one Mr. Nicholson, 
who had formerly been a Fa<5lor for the South Sea Com- 
pany at the Havannah, was lately obliged by the Span- 
iards to quit that Place, together with all other British 
Subjects, except only two or three that were immediately 
employed by the Company; that he had in his Passage 
for England wrote a Letter directed for Mr. Oglethorpe 
at Georgia, or in his Absence to the Commander in Chief 
there, importing the Designs of the Spaniards against 
these two Provinces, and what Preparations they were 
making; which Letter he had given to Capt. Percy, Com- 
mander of a Ship bound from Europe first to Philadel- 
phia, and thence to Charles-Town, whom he met in his 
Way, having the Letter ready to give the first Ship he 
found. Mr. Paris farther added, that in like Manner one 
Mr. Campbell on board the same Ship with Nicholson, 

had wrote a Letter, and sent it to his Friend in 

Charles-Town by Capt. Percy: which Letter he (Mr. 
Paris) had seen; and wherein he wrote in Substance as 
follows, viz. ** I write nothing of Politicks to you, Mr. 
" Nicholson having wrote fully of that to Mr. Oglethorpe, 
"which will be publick soon enough." On this Occasion 
Mr. Paris shewed a great Desire to come at some Knowl- 
edge of the Truth of it; and understanding by what he 
heard at Charles-Town, that this Letter from Nicholson 
was sent thence by a trading Boat of Mr. Eveleigh's 
(which Boat came to Savannah a Day before him) he 
concluded, that it was come to Mr. Causton's Hands : 
Mr. Causton not being just then at Home, after Dinner, 
as soon as he heard Mr. Paris had enquired for him, came 



COLONIAL EECORD& 39 

and found him out at a publick House; when upon hear- J^ 
ing this Relation of Things, he said he had not received n<>^^™**- 
any such Letter, nor any other, by Mr. Eveleigh's Boat 
from Charles-Town; but he was informed there was a 
Packet dire<5led to Mr. Purry (who was now at Purrys- 
burgh) and he would send a Boat thither on Purpose to 
enquire whether there was any Letter for him, or not. 
And nothing else material passed this Day concern- 
ing it. 

Tuesday. This Day passed without any Occurrences ». 
worth Note. Mr. Causton could not find that any Letter 
for him from Charles-Town came either by Mr. Eve- 
leigh's Boat, or any other Way: So that Talk which 
Yesterday filled all Conversation, relating to the Span- 
iards, began to die away, and was little regarded. Mr. 
Wesley continued in his Resolution of going forthwith 
to England, and Friday was given out as the Day of his 
Departure. 

Wednesday. Mess. Watson and Coates with me again ao. 
this Morning, when Coates produced a large Sheet of 
Paper, close wrote, containing a Multitude of Grievances 
that many People (as he said) laboured under; great Part 
of which he laid to the Charge of Mr. Causton; but upon 
reading it, though out of such a Heap possibly some few 
Errors might upon a stri<5l Inquisition be found. I could 
not clearly discover any Thing remarkably culpable: It 
was plainly evident, that much Malice was at the Bottom 
of it, having been the Work of some Years to colle<5l it; 
and as I knew the querulous and litigious Temper of the 
Complainant, I thought the less of it; though I gave no 
Room for them to accuse me of Partiality, or Unwilling- 
ness to hear, what any one would lay to the charge of 
those who had the chief Rule. Coates offered to make 
Affidavit of all that was wrote; but I told him I had no 
such Authority; which he seemed disappointed at; and 
after a great deal of Talk they took their Leave. Mr. 



40 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Paris called to make me a Compliment at his going off ^^ 
for Charles-Town: He acquainted me, that he had just ^^^™^* 
received Advice, that Colonel Broughton, their Lieu- 
tenant-Governor, died last Week. I wrote a letter by him 
to Mr. Hopton (at Mrs. Jennys's) putting him in Mind 
not to fail advising me timely of all Ships going for 
England. This being the Festival of St. Andrew, was 
observed by the Scotch here with the usual Form; and in 
the Evening I joined them at a publick House, where 
they were all in good Humor and chearful. 

Thursday. Walked out to see my People how they Deoemb. 
went on with their Work, where only four were em- 
ployed, three of them being ill at Home ; and ever since 
my Arrival some or other of them were ailing every 
Day, which required a Doctor's continual Attendance, 
and like to prove very chargeable. From thence I took 
a Round among the neighbouring Lots, and returned 
Home not till Noon. After Dinner I wanted not Em- 
ployment at Home to take up the rest of the Day. 

Friday. Another Servant taken ill at his Work this 2. 
Morning, and came Home; so now I had but three 
Abroad. This being the Day of Mr. Wesley's intended 
going off, the Magistrates met, and he sent them a very 
short Letter of two Lines unsealed, acquainting them, 
that some Matters of Moment required his waiting on 
the Trustees, and he desired to know if they had any 
Design to stop him: To which they returned a verbal 
Answer, importing, that since he did not think fit to enter 
into a Recognizance for his appearing at the Court, to 
answer what was alledged against him, they could not 
give up the Authority of the Court. After which they 
gave publick Notice to all Constables and Tything-men, 
in case he attempted to go off, to apprehend him, or any 
Person who should aid and assist him therein. 

Saturday. Notwithstanding all the Precaution that s. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 41 

was taken, it was known this Morning, that Mr. Wesley ,i^ 
went o£E last Night/and with him Coates a Constable, ^^^^^ 
Gough a Tything-man, and one Campell a Barber. This 
surprized most People (even many of those who wished 
him best) that he should take such Company with him ; 
for there scarce could be found Men more obnoxious: 
Coates especially was, and had been a long while one of 
the principal Fomenters of Mischief, a busy Fellow, 
always taking upon him in Court to be an Advocate and 
Pleader for any Delinquent; going from House to House 
with idle Stories to fill Peoples Heads with Jealousies, 
and distinguishing himself for a most inveterate oppo- 
sition to all Rules of Government: All which was evident 
to myself, as well from what I observed when here for- 
merly, as more especially now since my Arrival: More- 
over, he was greatly accountable to the Trust on divers 
Articles, as well as indebted to many People: And to 
add to all this, he had never improved one Foot of Land 
since he came to the Province, or built any Thing more 
than a very mean Hut. Gough was also a very idle 
Fellow, pert and impudent in his Behaviour, alwaj's (of 
late) kicking against the Civil Power, and making it his 
Business to enflame a Sedition: He likewise had little to 
shew of any Improvement, more than setting up the 
Shell of a House, which he never near finished, though 
(if I am rightly informed) he had received considerable 
Favours to enable him; and now went off in many Peo- 
ples Debt, leaving a Wife and Child behind him, who 
even in this forlorn State scarcely grieve at his Absence, 
since he used to beat them more than feed them. Cam- 
pell was an insignificant loose Fellow, fit for any Leader 
who would make a Tool of him ; and all the visible 
Motive at present to be found for his going off, was in'' 
so doing to escape his Creditors. |As I was always ready 
and willing, in Conversation or otherwise, to make Al- 
lowance for Mr. Wesley's Failings in Policy, and (out 
of Respe<5t to his Fun<5tion) careful not to run hastily 
into an entire Belief of all I heard laid to his Charge, I 



42 COLONIAL RECORDS, 

was now asked by divers, in a sneering Way, what my iJ^ 
Sentiments were of him; which indeed puzzled me; Nos- DeMmb. 
cUur ex Sociis was the common By-word; and all I had to 
say was, that he must stand or fall by himself, when his 
Cause came before the Trustees. 

Sunday. Mr. Bradley came to me, telling me the Oc- *• 
casion of it was to inform me, that a Servant-Boy of his 
had (unknown to him) been one of those to help row the 
Boat for Mr. Wesley ; that the Boy had been missing 
from Friday Evening till last Night, when he came 
Home again; and upon asking him where he had been, 
he told him with Mr. Wesley ; at which he said he was 
much surprized (but I observed he did not express any 
Anger ;) and then he made the most solemn Assevera- 
tions, that it was without his Order or Knowledge ; which 
he said he was desirous I should be rightly informed 
in, whatever other Folks might think : And indeed, con- 
sidering the great Intimacy betwixt him and Mr. Wesley 
since these late Commotions, I doubted, that People 
would hardly credit it. The Church being destitute, Mr. 
Dyson (Chaplain to the independant Company at St. 
Simons) now in Town, with Leave of the Magistrate, 
voluntarily officiated for the Day. 

Monday. It was now publickly known, that the Boat 6. 
which carried Mr. Wesley and his Company off on Friday 
Night, was Mr. Burnside's; that the Rowers were a Serv- 
ant of Mr. Mercer's, another of Mr. Brownjohn's, one 
Griffin of Skeedway, and Mr. Bradley's Boy ; that they 
went to Purrysburgh, and landed there about Three or 
Four a Clock on Saturday Morning, from whence they 
purposed to make the best of their Way to Port- Royal 
on foot. This was such a heavy Day of Rain, that 
there was no going Abroad, so I found Employment 
within Doors. 

Tuesday. Closely employed all the Forenoon at e. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 43 

Home. After Dinner walked out to see what Improve- J^ 
ments of Vines were made by one Mr. Lyon, a Portuguese ^•^™^- 
Jew, which I had heard some Talk off ; and indeed 
nothing had given me so much Pleasure since my Arrival, 
' as what I found here ; though it was yet (if I say it 
properly) only in Miniature, for he had cultivated only 
for two or three Years past about half a Score of them 
which he received from Portugal for an Experiment ; 
and by his Skill and Management in pruning, &c. they 
all bore this Year very plentifully, a most beautiful, 
large Grape, as big as a Man's Thumb, almost pellucid, 
and Bunches exceeding big ; all which was attested by 
Persons of unquestionable Credit (whom I had it from) 
but the Season now would allow me only to see the 
Vines they were gathered from, which were so flourish- 
ing and strong, that I saw one Shoot, of this last Year 
only, which he allowed to grow from the Root of a bear- 
ing Vine, as big as my Walking-Cane, and run over a few 
Poles laid to receive it, at least twelve or Fourteen Foot, 
as near as I could judge. From these he has raised 
more than a Hundred, which he has planted all in his little 
Garden behind his House at about four Foot Distance 
each, in the Manner and Form of a Vineyard : They 
have taken Root, and are about one Foot and a Half 
high ; the next Year he says he does not doubt rais- 
ing a Thousand more, and the Year following at least 
five Thousand. I could not believe (considering the 
high Situation of the Town upon a Pine-Barren, and the 
little Appearance of such Productions in these little 
Spots of Ground annexed to the House) but that he had 
found some proper Manure wherewith to improve the 
sandy Soil ; but he assured me, it was nothing but the 
natural Soil, without any other Art than his Planting and 
Pruning, which he seemed to set some Value on, from 
his Experience, in being bred among the Vineyards in 
Portugal ; and to convince the World, that he intends 
to pursue it, from the Encouragement of the Soil proving 
so proper for it, he has at this Time hired four Men to 



44 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

clear and prepare as much Land as they possibly can }]!^ 
upon his forty. five Acre Lot, intending to convert every ^™^- 
Foot of the Whole that is fit for it, into a Vineyard ; 
though he complains of his present Inability to be at 
such an Expence, as to employ Servants for Hire. From 
hence I could not but reflect on the small Progress that 
has been made hitherto in propagating Vines in the pub- 
lick Garden, where the Soil being the same, it must be 
owing to the Unskillfulness or Negligence of those who 
had undertaken that Charge : And another notorious In- 
stance of it, is that of the Mulberry-Trees. After 
amusing myself thus agreeably for a while, I took a 
Walk to see what my People were doing at the five- Acre 
Lot, where only four had been able to work for more 
than a Week past : There I staid some Time, and then 
returned Home. 

Wednesday. Confined at Home with Rain ; where I 7. 
was never at a Loss what to do. Mr. Parker (one of the 
Magistrates) at my Request came and eat a Bit with me 
at Dinner; and as I had from a pretty long Observation of 
him, as well formerly as of late, conceived a good Opin- 
ion of him, for an honest, plain, well meaning Man, and 
one who I apprehended had as good a Share of Common 
Understanding as most of his Neighbors ; I wished to 
have the more Intimacy with him, imagining I might 
thereby come readily at the Knowledge of many Things 
which I should be glad to look into. Among other Talk 
in private Conversation, happening to say something of 
Mr. Christie, he asked me if I had heard any Thing of 
the Recorder's Intention to leave us ; and upon my re- 
plying, that I knew no more than that he had been with 
me a little while since, and opened his Mind so far to me, 
as to say some Family Affairs of his pressed him to go 
for England in some reasonable Time, which he should 
be a Sufferer by, if longer negle<5ted ; but that he in- 
tended to make no long Stay there before he returned 
hither again ; and seemed to desire my Opinion about 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 46 

the certain Time of his going, when I thought it would si3JL 
be most proper and agreeable to the Trustees, whom he ^^J^^- 
would be cautious of offending ; to which I gave him for 
Answer, that if he would wait the next News from Eng- 
land, probably I might be then capable of judging better 
what Opinion to give upon it than at present ; especially 
if we got certain Intelligence of the Time Mr. Ogle- 
thorpe designed to visit these Parts again : When I had 
said this to Mr. Parker, he did not stick to tell me, that 
he had Reason from some Circumstances to believe Mr. 
Christie was about settling in Carolina, at Bloody Point, 
and to enter upon it in the Spring ; for that he knew Mr. 
Dormer, the present Occupier of that Plantation, had let 
it to some Person unknown, who was to take Possession 
of it in the Spring ; at which Time Dormer was to go 
for England ; that Mr. Christie and Dormer were very 
intimate ; that Christie had let his own Dwelling-House 
to the Sterlings ; and that the little House he was now in, 
he had taken but till Lady-Day : Wherefore from all 
these Circumstances, it was very reasonable to believe 
it, &c. Hereupon I presently recollected what had fallen 
from the Recorder, in our Conference on the 22d ultimo; 
the Particulars whereof are noted on that Day: Many 
other Hints I received from him on different occasions, 
while we sat together ; some of which may probably fall 
under due Consideration hereafter. 

Thursday. My People having now cleared all the s. 
Underwood and Rubbish of the five Acres, what remained 
next to do, was to fall the grown Timber, and fence in the 
Whole ; which being a Work that none of them were 
expert at, I thought it best to hire a Man that was well 
recommended to me, at 12 /. Currency per Month, to 
work with them, and dire<5l them : The most I could yet 
make of my own Servants, was only four who hadStrenjgth, 
the rest continuing still weak after Sickness. ) In the 
Afternoon I had some Conference with Mr. Causton (as 
indeed it was necessary to impart our Thoughts how to 



46 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

break through this stubborn Knot of ill-designing People, ^^ 
and restore Unity as far as possible) and it was both our ^®<^^* 
Opinions, that if the Parson had taken a few more with 
him, of such as he then made his Companions ; provided 
their Creditors did not suffer, the Colony would be better 
without them : But there were yet some few among the 
Discontented, whom I could wish to see reconciled; 'Men 
that made good Improvements, industrious and thriving ; 
and such as had formerly been of a peaceable and quiet 
Temper, till lately led aside by the Craft of such as had 
Views, of their own, which yet probably they have not 
openly avowed^ Out of those I had at sundry Times 
taken upon me to try one of them in familiar, friendly 
Conversation, (viz. Mr. Fallowfield, a Constable, whose 
Temper I was the better acquainted with, having lodged 
at his House during my former Abode here) pursuant to 
what I had promised the Magistrates the 24th ultimo- 
but was sorry to find him so changed from the Man I 
knew him ; for he now was sullen and reserved : Nor 
could I discover what the real Cause of this ill Humor 
was, unless it arose from a Quarrel and scolding Bout be- 
twixt Mr. Causton's Wife and his some Time before, which 
Mr. Causton never abetted, but was ashamed ot, as he 
ought also to be. And now the Hands of the Magis- 
trates appeared every Day weaker, Mr. Dearn (one of 
them) being dead a while since ; out of four Constables, 
Mr. Vanderplank had lain a long Time ill, in so danger- 
ous and decaying a State, that all Hopes of his Life 
were nearly over : Coates was newly run away ; Fallow- 
field was not to be relied on (as it was thought) and 
Jones the Surveyor, who was one of the four, very seldom 
in Town: Nevertheless I could not persuade myself to 
believe but we should see some of these misguided Peo- 
ple weary of their Leaders ere long, and give them up. 
(Vide Dec. 16.) 

Friday. Little stirring to be observed. Mr. Lacy ar- ©. 
rived this Day from Augusta, by whom I was informed 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 47 

the Fort there was in great Forwardness, and near fin- ilJL 
ished ; he farther acquainted me, that he had lately run ^*^*J°*^- 
out a little Town near him, for the Settlement of some 
of the Chickasaw Indians, which he apprehended would 
be a great Benefit and Addition of Strength to that Part 
of the Province. ' N. B. These Indians were a vagrant 
Branch of the Chickasaw Nation, which was far remote, 
and borders on the French Settlements, with whom they 
were in continual War (which we have had various Ac- 
counts of formerly) and this small Branch had for some 
Time past settled in the Neighborhood of New Windsor 
in the Province of Carolina, where they hunted and 
traded ; but by some Means or other, this last Year the 
People of Carolina disobliged them, and they preferred 
rather to have a friendly Commerce with us, and to be 
ready in assisting us on any Occasion, under their 
Leader, who is known by the Name of the Squirrel 
King. 

Saturday. This Morning I received a Letter from Mr. w- 
Kent, which came by the Boat that brought Mr. Lacy : 
Wherein he tells me, that as he is left there by Mr. 
Lacy to take Care of all Things in his Absence, he thinks 
it a great Charge, which he expresses a Diffidence in 
himself how to execute rightly ; whereupon he wishes 
me to confer with Mr. Causton and others, and advise 
him. I found by the Person who delivered me the Let- 
ter, that Mr. Lacy was so weak and ill when he came 
off thence, that they had taken Leave of him, expedlitig 
never to see him more (which probably might be the 
chief Motive of Mr. Kent's writing what he did ; ) but 
the Change of Air and Movement on the Water in his 
Passage, had so well recovered Mr. Lacy, that it was 
hardly discernable he had been ill ; and he told me last 
Night, that he intended to return again to Augusta soon 
after Christmas : He was gone this Morning for Thun- 
derbolt, before I received Mr. Kent's Letter. This Day 
produced nothing else observable. 



48 COLONIAL RECORDS- 

Sunday. Mr. Vanderplank died early this Morning, ^^ 
and was buried in a Soldier-like Manner in the Evening, ^^^ 
about Forty Men (the Number of a Ward) under Arms, 
attending him to the Grave, firing three VoUies, and sev- 
eral Minute Guns from the Fort discharged, during the 
Time of his Interment. An Honour due to him; for he 
was unquestionably the best Officer of his Rank, and 
truly zealous in promoting the publick Good. Mr. Dyson 
being gone to Carolina, and now the Town wholly desti- 
tute of a Minister, Mr. Causton read the Funeral Service. 
Towards Night Mr. Horton came to make us a Visit from 
the South. 

Monday. Walked in the Morning to see how my Peo- 12 
pie went on with their Work, where I spent good Part of 
the Forenoon; and the rest of the Day I was mostly in 
Company with Mr. Horton, from whom I got what Infor- 
mation I could how Matters stood in the South, where I 
purposed to have been myself ere now; but the late Divi- 
sions at Home hitherto confined me to attend them, and 
contribute what I could to heal themj^ wherein I had now 
more and more Hopes of Success. I Upon some Conver- 
sation, with Mr. Robert Williams, I was glad to find him 
discourse with much better Temper than I had observed 
formerly, relating to the Tenure of Lands, and the g^reat 
Discouragements complained of by him, and some others, 
mostly Scotchmen, who (as I have before noted) intend 
to represent their Case to the Trustees. These may truly 
enough on this Head only be deemed Malecontents, be- 
ing continually infusing into Peoples Heads bad Notions 
of the Precariousness of their Tenure, and going so far as 
to term it a Slavery under the Trustees, who probably 
would take Possession in Time of the Fruits of their 
Labour, in case they were ever able to bring their Lands 
to any Perfection, after throwing away the best of their 
Substance in the Way they now went. As I never heard 
such Speeches without Indignation, so I always took 
upon me to rebuke them freely. Otherwise (to do them 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 49 

Justice) they expressed an Abhorrence of the civil Dis- ^^^ 
cord in the Town, and openly, on all Occasions, took ^^g™^- 
Part with the Magistrates, in Opposition to any Sedition. 
At this Conference Mr. Williams told me very frankly, 
that notwithstanding what his Brother and other Friends 
had wrote, which greatly shocked him, and had almost 
made him resolve to leave all, and quit the Province; yet 
he had fully considered of it now, and was determined 
with himself to try one Year more, and run all Hazards, 
still hoping the Trustees would take it into Considera- 
tion, and relieve them by some Means or other, before 
they had lost all. Then he talked warmly of the great 
Desire he had to see the colony flourish, and that no 
Man should go greater Lengths, or run greater Risks in 
promoting it, provided he could have any rational View 
of Success; with Abundance more to the same Purpose; 
and a few Negroes was always at the End of it. I said 
as much as was proper for me, assuring him in general 
Terms, that the Trustees had it undoubtedly much at 
Heart, to encourage all such especially as went on in 
good Earnest with Improvements; and I did not doubt 
but a little Time would show it in some Shape or other, 
as they thought best. So he left me in good Humour. 

Tuesday. Mr. Horton doing me the Favour to par- 13. 
take of a Bit of Meat with me; from my Observance of 
an Intimacy betwixt him and Mr. Williams, I engaged 
him also to make one with us: When our Conversation 
ran mostly the same as with Mr. Williams Yesterday; in 
all Appearance frank and easy. In my Walk towards 
Evening, upon hearing of some Preparations made for a 
small Collation at the old Indian Town, where Tomo 
Chichi formerly lived, which is about a Furlong out of 
Town, I went out of Curiosity (with some others) to see 
what passed, and there I found a Table spread with a 
Cloth, &c. Mrs. Matthews (formerly Mrs. Musgrave) sit- 
ting at the End of it, with two young Girls, her Husband 
and Tomo Chichi near by; and a young Shote just ready 

4 o r— vol 4 



50 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

barbacu'd over a Fire in the Wood, was set on the Table. J23L 
They asked us very kindly to sit down and take Part ^«<f^^- 
with them; which one or two did, and we who had no 
Stomach to eat, did not refuse taking two or three Glasses 
of Wine. The Occasion of this, I found was meant, as a 
Treat to Tomo Chichi, and three or four Indians, upon 
his making a Grant of that Spot of Land to Mrs. Mat- 
thews and her Husband; and Tomo Chichi addressing 
his Discourse to me by Mrs. Matthews (who interpreted) 
said to this Effe<5l: That he desir'd Notice might be 
taken of his Claim and Property in that Land; that he 
had granted it to Mrs. Matthews and her Husband; and 
that he hoped the Trustees would not be offended, if 
henceforward Mr. Matthews allowed no Cattle to go 
there but his own; all which I promised to take notice of. 
N. B. This Land begins at the Rails near the Town's 
End, runs away West to a small Creek, bounded on the 
North by the River, on the South by several blazed 
Trees, and is judged about two or three hundred Acres, 
more or less. 

Wednesday. My Time this Day was taken up mostly u, 
at Home, not sparing any to accompany Mess. Horton 
and Williams up the River, as invited, to make a Party 
of Pleasure at Mr. Williams's Plantation: They were both 
Countrymen in England, fond of each other, and almost 
inseparable here, so as to talk apart with either: From 
whence I conceived Mr. Williams would disclose his 
Thoughts more frankly to him, than he would hitherto 
venture to do to me; and as I knew Mr. Horton to be a 
Gentleman that professed great Regard to his own Char- 
adler, for Truth and Honour in all his Adlions; I assured 
myself he would have the Interest of the Colony so much 
at Heart, as to endeavour to create a better Opinion of 
this Province in his Friend, than he had lately discov- 
ered, by so many Complaints of Discouragement 

Thursday. The Fellow who was recommended to me, 15, 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 61 

^nd whom I hired to attend my Servants, and work with ™!j 
them for their better Instruction, proved such a Rascal in ^«®^^^ 
fining their Heads with bad Notions of the Place, and 
other Discouragements, that I thought proper to dis- 
charge him, before he had done more Mischief. And it 
was a sad Case too well known, that great Numbers of 
Newcomers were often so poisoned at first, by the Venom 
of ill-designing People, which they infused craftily, to 
spoil any future Hopes of Good from them. In the Even- 
ing I spent an Hour or two at Mr. Causton's where Mess. 
, Parker and Christie (Magistrates) and Jones and Fallow- 
field (Constables) all dropping in one after another, by 
Accident; upon seeing the whole Body together, in 
whom the civil and military Power was lodg'd, I took 
Occasion to remonstrate to them how their Number was 
lately diminished through Mortality or otherwise ; and 
as some of them had frequent Avocations out of Town to 
look over their Lands, through whose absence (especially 
of both the remaining Constables at once) the publick 
Service was in Danger of being negledled; that it was 
therefore incumbent upon them to think of some Regula- 
tion among themselves, whereby all Obstru<5lions might be 
removed, which might impede the usual Course of Duty 
which all approving, upon Debate they agreed to what I 
proposed, viz. that the two Constables should by divid- 
ing the Town in two Parts, take each of them three Wards 
apiece, under their Charge; and that the duty might not 
be too hard upon them, it was allowed upon either of 
them going out of Town, they should have Power to de- 
volve that Charge on some expert and well qualified 
Tything-man, to be named and approved of now by the 
Magistrates, for executing that Duty such Days as the 
Constables were absent : Accordingly two such Tything- 
men were made Choice of, to acft as Deputies pro Vice : 
After which the agreement was committed to Writing, 
signed by two Constables, attested and allowed by the 
two Magistrates; to continue till a better Establishment 
should be duly authorized. 



62 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Friday. Mr. Horton giving me frequent Opportuni- ,il^ 
ties of Conversation this Day, gave me plainly to under- ^•^j**^™^- 
stand, that he thought himself ill used by Mr. Causton in 
many Instances, enumerating divers of them, particularly 
in his personal Behaviour to him whenever he came here, 
as well as his trifling Way of corresponding when he 
wrote: For that he very rarely gave him any Answer at 
all to such Matters of the greatest Importance that re- 
quired it; but usually passing that over, perhaps touched 
a little upon some trivial Affair of no Significance, and 
not at all to the Purpose; which often brought him under 
extream Difficulties, and instead of listening to him, or 
advising with him for the publick Good, when together, 
he gave little or no Heed to what he said; but either 
evaded it by calling on some other Person, whereby he 
might break off any Conference; or (which was worse) 
if he talked to him of any Thing, Mr. Causton would 
make him some impertinent Reply no Way relating to 
it. Then Mr. Horton observed to me with what Pride 
Mr. Causton carried it, and such a scornful Air, that he 
thought himself treated on the same Footing with those 
other Vassals he employed: Upon the Whole he expressed 
a deep Resentment at the Treatment which he found. 
Some Time in the Forenoon seeing Mr. Fallowfield, and 
falling into' a Discourse on what had pass'd among us 
last Night (which he seemed pleased at) I took Occasion 
again to talk on the same Subjedl we were upon several 
Times before, relating to the late Disaffedlion which was 
grown up among the people; which I was very sorry to 
find him concerned in (Vide Dec. 8) and hoped he would 
yet think better, and return to his old Way. The willing 
Attention he gave to what I said, gave me Room to urge 
it more Home, and convince him how he was adling 
against his own Interest; which he could never raise so 
sure a Foundation for, as by Preserving the good Opin- 
ion of the Trustees. He readily acknowledged that, and 
professed a great Value for their Favour, which he said 
he should endeavour upon all Occasions to obtain; tell- 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 63 

ing me at last very plainly, that he meant no more than i3w 
a Resentment of Mr. Causton's using him ill; but his ^^^^{g'J^^- 
Heart was still the same as ever towards the Welfare of 
the Colony, which no Man of his Rank should give better 
Proof of than himself; and upon my telling him, that if 
Mr. Causton had used him otherwise than he ought, he 
would find some proper Time to represent it, and have 
Justice; he assured me, that all Things relating to it 
should drop for the present; which I thought a good 
Conclusion. 

Saturday. Captain Thompson intending in few Days n. 
to sail for Charles-Town, and get Freight there for Lon- 
day, to whose Care (I understood) Mr. Causton designed 
to commit his Letters, &c. with Intent that Capt. Thomp- 
son should forward them whilst there, by the first Ship- 
master bound for London that he could confide in; I re- 
solved to take the same Opportunity ; and therefore em- 
ployed good Part of this Day with my Pen and Ink, find- 
ing very little Interruption worth Notice. One of my 
Servants came Home at Noon wounded by the Stroke of 
an Ax in the Leg; and in the Evening another of them 
was taken ill. The Doctor that dressed the first, and 
bleeded the other, gave me Hopes that they would both 
be well again in few Days: But how uncertain soever 
that might prove, I was very sure his Bill increased apace. 

Sunday. Nobody to officiate at Church now. In the w. 
Afternoon a Sloop came up the River bound for the 
Island of Providence, from Charles-Town, where she took 
in her Lading; and Mr. William McKay being on Board, 
who had a Share therein, stopt here to confer with his 
Brother Patrick McKay about the Traffick. By him I 
had a Letter from my Son, who came over from England 
a Passenger with Capt. Nicholson in the Minerva, that 
was newly stranded on the Sands, through the unskilful- 
ness of the Pilot, &c. the Particulars of which may be 
seen in his Letter of the 9th Instant from Charles-Town. 



54 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Mr. Causton went out of Town early in the Morning for ilJL 
his Country- House, as usual, generally at the latter End ^^•^^g™**- 
of the Week. 

Monday. Heavy Rain in the Forenoon hindered all i*- 
from going Abroad to work, and confined me at Home. 
In the Afternoon I learnt, that Mr. Christie (who went 
down the Water some Days ago) was not returned yet, 
which made me imagine he was employing himself in 
some Sort or other at Bloody- Point, where it was rumored 
he had a View of settling in the Spring: What Truth 
there was in it, a little more Time would show. Mercer, 
Brownjohn, and Adams the Butcher, were also gone to 
some Parts thereabouts, to look after some Land, if they 
could get it to their Liking ; which they purposed (as it 
is said) to raise living stock upon ; but I could not yet 
learn, whether or not they intended to settle there, and 
give up their Lands in Georgia ; which I could hardly be- 
lieve, though they were all three of the Number of those 
Malecontents, who set themselves in Opposition to Mr. 
Causton particularly, thinking themselves ill used by him. 

Tuesday. Mess. Horton from Frederica, and Mcln- 20. 
tosh from Darien, took Leave in the Morning, and re- 
turned to the South : Mr. Causton came to Town before 
they went, and had some Communing with them both ; 
but that I was not privy to. After their Departure, Mr. 
Causton took Occasion to tell me, that he observed Mr. 
Horton appeared very shy in his Conversation with him ; 
which occasioned my calling to Remembrance what Mr. 
Horton had said to me of him, at several Times, more 
particularly on the 16th Instant : Upon the Whole, I found 
there was ill Blood between them. The Master of a Ship 
laden with Palatines, whose Name was Hewet, came to 
an Anchor last Night within Tybee, and this Day he 
rowed up to Town in his Boat, where he reported his 
Cargo to Mr. Caubton, acquainting him how many of them 
had indented for Georgia, and how many for Carolina ; 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 65 

but had no Letter of Advice with him concerning them. }]^ 
Mr. Causton thereupon gave Orders for proper Boats to ^®<!^^*>- 
go down the River, and bring them up as soon as might 
be with Convenience to Savannah, where Care should be 
taken of them, till he had the Trustees Orders, which he 
waited to receive in some Letters expedled by Capt. 
Nicholson : And this Master now coming from Charles- 
Town where he had spent a few Days, told us moreover, 
that a Skooner was adlually come from thence with all 
Capt. Nicholson's Passengers on Board her that were 
bound for Georgia : So that I began to expedl my Son 
among them some Time in the Day ; but therein I was 
mistaken, no Skooner arriving yet. 

Wednesday. Capt. Hewet, who brought the Palatines, 21. 
came ashore again, and delivered to Mr. Causton the 
Trustees Packet, with proper Advice ; which he forgot 
Yesterday, and occasioned many Doubts and Conje<5lures 
how it should happen. I was busy the fore Part of the 
Day finishing my Letters for England, which I had been 
upon some Time Yesterday. This being Mr. Oglethorpe's 
Birth-Day (which is celebrated here annually) the Magis- 
trates, military Officers, and principal Inhabitants, met at 
the Fort, where some Bottles of Wine and some Biscuit 
being prepared, about Noon his Majesty's Health, and the 
Royal Family's, were drank, under a discharge of thir- 
teen Guns ; then the honourable Trustees ; and next the 
Captain General of these Provinces: In the Evening a 
handsome, cold Entertainment was provided at a Tavern, 
by the Subscription of upwards of thirty, who (as many 
as could find them) brought Partners to dance; which 
they did and were merry. In the Midst of it my Son 
arrived in a Skooner from Charles Town, together with 
the other Passengers that came over with him for Geor- 
gia : They sailed from Charles-Town on Sunday last. 

Thursday. Good Part of my Time was taken up this 22. 
Day in private Conversation with my Son, who brought 



56 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

me several Letters, as he did also for Mr. Causton, which ,^^^ 
he delivered to him last Night: And what News he i^«^°*^- 
brought was pleasing to every Body ; more especially 
that relating to the Regiment, &c. Capt. Thompson be- 
ing not like to be ready for sailing yet in some Days, and 
some Ships preparing to go off every day from Charles- 
Town, I resolved with Mr. Causton to send our letters 
by the Skooner that brought these Passengers, and was 
to return to-morrow : Wherefore I filled up my Time 
the other Part of the Day in finishing what Letters I had 
to write. 

Friday. This Morning the Letter which Capt. Paris 28. 
enquired after (as mentioned Nov. 28.) came to Mr. 
Causton's Hand which he shewed me : But the Person's 

Name who subscribed it, I observed was not 

Nicholson, though the Substance was much the same as 
he (Mr. Paris) was notified : It was brought to Town (I 
learnt) by Mr. Burn-syde, from his Settlement that he is 
making upon an Island called Rotten-Possum, about 
twelve Miles off by Land, or more : He had it from Mr. 
Hugh Bryan, a Dealer in Cattle, who is furnishing Burn- 
syde with Stock, and enclosed it to him ; but how long it 
lay in Bryan's Hands, or where else all this while, we 
could no ways be informed in. This was another sad In- 
stance in what a lamentable Condition we were at Savan- 
nah, about the Uncertainty of Letters, be they of ever so 
great Import : What Regard was due to the Contents of 
this, we could not tell, being of so long a Date past as 
August ; but it was proper to send a Copy of it, with the 
other Dispatches to the Trustees, as Mr. Causton resolved 
by the Skooner, which sailed in the Afternoon, with a 
Packet to the Care of Mr. Hopton. 

Saturday. I closed the Week in attending on my own ^l 
little Affairs out of Town, and forwarding the Work my 
People were upon, clearing the Lands, &c. 



COLONIAL RECORDS, 67 

Sunday. Christmas-Day. Mr. Dyson being returned ^^ 
from Carolina, supplied the Vacancy in our Church this ^®*|°*^- 
Day, and officiated in Mr. Wesley's Stead. 

Monday. Most People idle, and little to be done. Mr. w. 
Causton out of Town, Mr. Bradley made me an Evening 
Visit, and sat with me two or three Hours ; when his 
whole Conversation was upon the old Theme of his being 
ill used by Mr. Causton ; which he laboured to exemplify 
in a Multitude of Instances; but with so much Warmth, 
that I thought great Allowance might be made in many 
Particulars, for Room to question how exa<5lly it comported 
with Truth : But as there had been a long Difference be- 
tween them, which originally sprung from an Aversion in 
one to have any Shew of Dependance on the other, or 
receive any Orders from him ; whilst the other sufficiently 
tenacious of the Power he had, would not fail to let him 
know it : This in Time increased to such an Enmity, that 
each of them plainly discovered their Readiness to be as 
troublesome to one another as they could ; Wherein Mr. 
Causton seemed to have the Advantage (in Case he 
would be vindidlive) by having it in his Power to do what 
Mr. Bradley could only retaliate by hard Words, and 
railing publickly against his Proceedings in all Parts of 
his Office. His Arguments now were so vehement, and 
his Passion so far transported him, that he had prepared 
(he said) a full Narrative of all the Injustice he had sus- 
tained from Mr. Causton since he lived here, which he 
was resolved to print ; and to conclude all, made a sol- 
emn Asseveration, that one and the same Country should 
not hold them both. 

Tuesday. Few People inclined to Labour still ; so r. 
great a Propensity was there among them, through Prev- 
alence of Custom, to keep the Christmas Holidays ; tho' 
Feasting here was not yet in Fashion ; and my Servants 
thought it best Working, without which I told them there . ^ 
was no Eating. The Germans were all now landed ; and 



68 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

the Ship which brought them gone (as we supposed) from ,12L 
Tybee to Charles-Town. Mr. Causton returned to Town ^^^^*>- 
in the Afternoon from spending a Day or two in the 
Country with his Family. Nothing remarkable. 

Wednesday. This Day the Germans were divided 28. 
and parcelled out to their several Employments, pursu- 
ant to the Diredlions sent with them. A small Sloop 
(Donald Stuart Master) sailed with some Dispatches and 
a few Provisions for the South, and a Pettyagua with 
Stores was to follow. I had long since, by a Note under 
my Hand, diredled to the Constables and Tything-men, 
called for Lists of the several Inhabitants in each Ty- 
thing; but I found it was hard to come at, scarce Half of 
them being yet returned to me, and those without any 
Method, which I must reduce them to ; wherefore I put 
them in Mind again of their Duty, who had so long neg- 
lected it, in making no Return at all. 

Thursday. Upon a little Conference with the Magis- 
trates this Forenoon, I was told another notorious Defe<5l 
in the Course of Justice, which happened a few Days 
since. An Execution under the Town Seal was granted 
against one Turner, a Carpenter, for Payment of a just 
^ Debt of 5 or 6 /. and put into the Hands of a proper 
Tything-man to serve : When the Tything-man went to 
make Distress, Turner and his Wife used him very roughly, 
shuffled away betwixt them what Goods were of most 
Value, and sent him off not without some Blows in the 
Contention; whereupon he complained to the Magis- 
trates, and they granted a Warrant immediately, to ap- 
prehend Turner, and bring him before them to answer, 
&c. but he getting Notice somehow or other of it, lay 
concealed in the House of one Scot a Gunsmith, and a 
notorious Dealer in Spirits; who with other Help, took a 
fit opportunity to carry him off in a Boat : Mr. Christie, 
the Recorder, being accidently at the same Time near the 
Guard-House, and seeing the Boat going off with Turner 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 59 

in it. ordered the Centinel to fire his Piece (a signal for ^^ 
his Officer to come as customary) and to hale the Boat to ^^^• 
come ashore, threatening to fire at them if they did not : 
But they in the Boat called to him in Derision, bidding 
them fire, or what else they pleased ; and kept on their 
Way till they were soon out of Reach. This Turner also 
lies under a heavy Fine to the Trust, being formerly 
found guilty of aiding Mellichamp in forging Currency 
Notes ; which in Mercy was never yet levied upon him ; 
and owing many other small Sums, it is apprehended he 
will not return again, but take Example of other Run- 
aways lately gone the same Way. 

Friday. Walked early in the Morning to see how my so. 
People went on with their Work in Clearing of Ground ; and 
spent the whole Forenoon among the neighbouring Lots, 
observing what Improvements were made ; or I might 
rather say, what a visible Negle<5l was to be observed 
almost every where ; for in all my Walks of this Kind, 
as well before, as now, I not only found Abundance of 
Lots untouched, and many which had little done upon 
them, but (which was yet worse) divers Improvements 
that had been made, now going to Ruin again, the Land 
over-run with Rubbish, and seeming to be wholly given 
up and abandoned ; at leastwise no Appearance of Cul- 
tivation intended upon them this Year coming ; so that 
the Number of those that were occupied to good Purpose 
was but small : One Reason which I often heard al- 
ledged for this, was the great Discouragement they found 
from the bad Crop that they had the last Season ; which 
is indeed allowed by every Body to have been such; and 
thereby all their Cost and Labour in a Manner wholly lost, 
to their great Impoverishment: But it oughttobe observed, 
that it was not a Misfortune peculiar to them alone; for the 
same Complaint is almost universal, thro* all the Provinces; 
that their Indian Corn failed, though Rice, and some 
other Grain did pretty well : And the great Backward- 
ness that People at present shew to cultivate Land, is in 



60 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

a great Measure (I fear) owing to the constant Talk of }^ 
some People, who are Landholders some Miles off, and ^«<^™^- 
live in Town, who are always exclaiming Against their 
Tenures, the Loss they sustain by white Servants only, 
without a few Negroes, &c. (as I have before noted) which 
has filled divers of the Free-holders Heads of this Town 
also, and several of them (otherwise picqued too) are 
lately gone for Carolina, to seek for some Land there 
(vide 19th Instant) though it is said they do not de- 
sign to quit their Possessions in this Province. Spent 
the Afternoon at Home, nothing else occuring worth 
Note. 

Saturday. Mr. Causton came voluntarily and sat with «i. 
me two or three Hours in the Morning, when we had a 
great deal of free Converse, and afterwards engaged me to 
dine with him: Our Discourse was various, concerning 
the present Situation of affairs in the Town and Neigh- 
borhood of Savannah, and the particular Behaviour of 
s ome of the Inhabitants, with the several Views which 
t hey had ; wherein for the most Part our Sentiments 
were the same: But I observed him more than ordinary 
perplexed about Mr. Bradley, whose Enmity he seemed 
desirous to guard against: What he stuck chiefly at now 
was, that since the Arrival of these Germans (about seventy 
of whom were fallen to tjie Care of Mr. Bradley) he 
had drawn Bills after Bills upon him, for several 
Sums of Money, payable at Sight, amounting to near 40 /. 
and what he meant, how far he intended to go, or where 
he would stop, he could not tell ; and as he had received 
no Orders about Payment of Cash, he was truly at a 
Loss what to do. Upon my saying, that I believed in 
this short Time, few or none of those People were yet 
settled to their Labour ; he told me yes, he knew Mr. 
Bradley had employed some of them in working at a 
Garden-Lot of his Son's, in casting Earth, &c. where he 
was making Bricks : I could not take upon me to advise 
him how far he ought to comply, in accepting such Bills, 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 61 

having no Knowledge what Orders Mr. Causton had re- ^^ 
ceived ; but I freely told him, that as Matters stood now ^«J«»^- 
betwixt them, till it could be brought to a final Issue. I 
should rather incline to err on the benign Side, provided 
it was within a reasonable Compass, than by holding too 
hard a Gripe, give occasion to say it proceeded from Prej- 
udice. What Method he would follow he did not re- 
solve to me ; but after Dinner he went out of Town as 
usual to his House in the Country ; where his Wife and 
Family (Mr. Williamson and his Wife included) reside 
wholly ; and I found Business enough at Home. 

1788. 

Sunday. Mr. Dyson officiated again at Church. ji^^ry 



1. 



Monday. This Day produced little worth observing. 
Mr. Fallowfield's Loss at his new Plantation in the Coun- 
try was the common Talk ; where his new House (which 
was a handsome, well-framed Hut) made very commo- 
dious, was burnt to the Ground the latter End of the 
last Week ; and all his Stores, Goods, Linen, Bedding, 
&c. belonging to him and his Wife, were entirely con- 
sumed, to his great Damage; by what Accident was un- 
known : But his Wife walking out to meet her Husband, 
who was coming to Town with more Stores of Provisions, 
and shutting the Door, with very little Fire in the Chim- 
ney (as she says) it unhappily catched somehow, and 
destroyed all in a few Minutes. In the Evening I undei- 
stood there was a little Assembly of some of the Male- 
contents, at the House of one Townsend, where probably 
(as I conceived) no Good was contriving, especially as 
Aglionby was one of the Company, who was bred a 
Smatterer in the Law, lodges at present in that House, 
and is looked on as one of the greatest Mischief-makers 
in the whole Town ; being consulted with frequently by 
those of the Fa<5lion. It is to be noted, that this House 
of Townsend's is where they commonly resort ; being a 
publick House, though unlicensed; and the Keeper of 
it (otherwise an industrious Man in getting Money divers 



62 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Ways) being a Man of some Substance, has his House }^ 
always well provided, with such Things as are inviting ; ^^^^^^ 
which brings him Custom indeed more than enough. i 

Tuesday. Closely employed all Day in preparing 3, 
Matters to send by the next Ships ready to sail ; and 
stirred not out till the Evening, when understanding that 
Mr. Causton was just returned from the Country, I went 
and sat an Hour or two with him ; and among other 
Things, talked of the great Mischief which I apprehended 
would ensue, from the unlimited Number of Houses that 
sold Liquors privately (tho' it was pretty well known 
who divers of them were) and even the worst of Spirits 
from New England, or elsewhere ; which they got cheap, 
and thereby many of the working People were drawn 
in, to spend what little Money they had ; or if they had 
none, they readily gave them Credit, and afterwards ex- 
adled Payment of them, by their Labour, about what 
they wanted : He entirely agreed with me in Opinion ; 
and told me (what he had several Times before) that he 
had constantly given it in Charge to the Constables and 
Tything-men at the several Courts holden, to present all 
such unlicensed Houses ; but that he could never get any 
such Thing done : Which he could find no other Reason 
for, than an Unwillingness to be the Authors of Severity 
towards their Neighbours : I told him I wished there was 
not a worse Reason for it, and that some among them 
had not been private Fa<5lors, to help such Houses to 
those Liquors they sold, and found a profit in it them- 
selves ; for such Things had been whispered to me as 
greatly suspedled. Another Court being to be holden in 
a few Days, I told him I did not doubt but he would en- 
force that Affair home ; and he said to be sure nothing 
should be wanting in him to suppress it, if possible. 

Wednesday. The Returns of the several Tythings 4. 
being at length made, I found divers of them so imper- 
fedl, and confused, that it took me up many Hours this 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 63 

Day in getting them re<5lified ; which I did as well as I ,i^ 
could, by calling here and there an Inhabitant of such ^"^^^^ 
Tythings to my Assistance, by whom I might learn a 
true State of their Neighbours. Nothing passed of any 
Moment that I heard of Abroad : In the Evening I re- 
ceived a Letter by a chance Boat from Mr. Hopton at 
Charles-Town, signifying, that he had sent the Packet 
which he received from me in the Christmas Holidays, 
for London, by Capt. Newton in the Fanny, inclosing 
two Receipts for it, which the Captain gave him, as he 
had also a third that he had enclosed to Mr. Verelst. 

Thursday. The Forenoon taken up entirely with my 5. 
Pen and Ink ; and after Dinner I spent the rest of the 
Day among my Workmen : The whole Day produced 
nothing observable at Home ; but from Highgate we 
had News brought, that Mr. Brown, an Inhabitant there, 
in one of his drunken Fits, with little or no Provocation, 
had taken his Gun loaden with drop Shot, and a Ball, 
and shot his Servant through the Thigh ; and the Sur- 
geon who dressed it said, the Man wan in a dangerous 
Condition. 

Friday. Went in the Morning to Mr. Causton (at his 6. 
Request) where the Magistrates were convened, in order 
to consider of divers Matters preparatory to the Court, 
which by the last Adjournment in November was to be 
held to-morrow ; but it was thought best to adjourn it 
farther, by publick Notice, till Monday : Summons's for 
Juries, and other necessary Orders were issued accord- 
ingly : And after a Conference of two Hours, on such 
Things as we apprehended would conduce to the publick 
Good^ I returned Home, to get forward such Papers as 
were incumbent on me to send, and as I meant so to do, 
by the next Ship bound for London. In the Evening 
Mess. Brownjohn, Mercer, Adams and Bush, returned all 
from Carolina, where they went about three Weeks 
since (on what Errand I before noted) and meeting 



_J 



64 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Mercer soon after his coming ashore, who was a leading ™;, 
Man among them, I took Occasion to enter into some ^^^J*'^ 
Discourse with him, walking to and fro, and telling him 
in a jocular Way, that I understood he intended to but- 
ter his Bread on botb Sides (meaning his Design of 
taking Lands in both Provinces): He told me very 
plainly, that they had all done what they went about, to 
to their great Satisfaction ; and for his Part, the Trustees 
were welcome to do what they pleased with all he had in 
Georgia; where he had suffered too much, and would 
bear it no longer. Such a surly Answer surprised me a 
little at first ; but I seemed to make light of it ; only 
saying. Some go, and others come; and so we parted : 
But I thought with myself I would endeavor what I 
could to enquire the Truth, how far these Men had been 
Sufferers more than others, that they distinguished 
themselves in such a Manner. A Schooner came up this 
Afternoon from Port-Royal, with the Owner Capt. Davis 
on Board had been a Trader several Years at Augustin, 
and lived there great Part of the Time : It was suspedled, 
that he intended to carry a Loading of Provisions thither 
now ; but the Government of Carolina having prohibited 
the Exportation of those Commodities (excepting only 
to Georgia) by Reason of the bad Crop of Corn last 
Season ; he could not be supplied at Port-Royal ; and 
what his Business here was, probably we might discover 
shortly. 

Saturday. Very heavy Rain all Day, allowed no go- 7. 
ing Abroad ; but was no Hindrance to the Business I 
had in Hand, that I might be ready for the next Ship 
bound for London. 

Sunday. Mr. Dyson supplied >the Vacancy, and offici- 8. 
ated again at Church. A Sloop arrived in the Evening 
from New-York, laden with Provisions from thence, 
Samuel Tingley Master. 



COLONIAL EECOBDS- ; : . 6& 

Monday. This Day a Court was held; when the ™:^ 
Magistrates put on their Gowns, making a very decent ^•'"^'^ 
Appearance ; and Mr. Causton opened it with a Speech, 
setting forth the Trustees Favour intended thereby, to 
the Town, in adding a greater Shew of Authority, for 
preserving all their just Rights, as well sls the publick 
Peace : And among other Things, took Notice of the 
vile Abuse lately crept in among us, in selling spirituous 
Liquors in many private Houses, unlicens'd to sell any 
Sort of Drink ; which produced grievous Consequences, 
and would tend to the Ruin of the Colony, if not sup- 
pressed ; which therefore the Magistrates were deter- 
mined to do their utmost in ; and hoped every good 
Man would assist him, in discovering such secret and 
dangerous Pradlices, that the Authors might meet with 
due Punishment : Afterwards the Constitution of the 
Court was read, shewing its Dignity and Power, that de- 
manded due Awe and Respedl. Then they proceeded 
to Business, trying of Causes betwixt Parties, &c. I sat 
there good Part of the Day, and had the Satisfaction of 
seeing all Thing carried on with great Order and Deco- 
rum ; such as (they told me) they had not seen a great 
while. 

Tuesday. The Court sitting again, I attended there lo, 
awhile ia the Afternoon, and finding nothing extraordi- 
nary, but all Matters going on smoothly, I returned to 
my Business at Home : In the Afternoon Mr. Bradley 
came to me, acquainting me, that he had tried two Causes 
there, in one whereof he was Plaintiff, and the other De- 
fendant ; both which had gone against him by Verdidls ; 
and he accused Mr. Causton of being the occasion of it, 
by giving partial Charges to the Jury : In the Evening 
Mr. Causton called on me, imagining (I supposed) that 
Mr. Bradley had been telling his Story in his own Way ; 
and acquainting me with the Particulars of the Evidence 
(as he told it) I could see no just Cause of Complaint ; 

5o r— v4 



J 



66 . COLONIAL RECORDS. 

but it appeared to me, that the Jury had given honest ^J^ 
Verdi<as. ""?r^ 



11. 



Wednesday. A Boat sent by Lieutenant Delegal at 
St. Simon's for Charles^Town, called here in the Morning, 
and brought several Letters ; among others, from Capt. 
Gascoigne, Mr. Horton, and Mr. Hawkins, for me. Capt 
Daubuz in the Georgia Pink, arrived at Tybee laden with 
Provisions from Ireland; and leaving his Ship there, came 
up in his Boat to deliver his Packets, and make his Report. 
Richard Turner the [Carpenter, who fled lately from 
Justice, after resisting the Tything-man in the execution 
of his Duty (vide 29 ult.) appearing now again publickly, 
in open Contempt of all Authority ; The Magistrates, in 
Pursuance of the Execution granted against him, com- 
mitted him to Prison. 

Thursday. In my Walks this Day I called on Mr. la. 
Bradley, to put him in Mind of his making me out an 
Account of the Horses and Cattle under his Care, be- 
longing to the Trust : I found him on his Bed complain- 
ing of his Want of Health ; which he attributed to his 
living so much on salt Provision!^ ; and when I said it 
was proper for him sometimes to get fresh ; he replied, 
How can I get it without Money ? and Mr. Causton will 
let me have none : Which Answer a little surprized me, 
when Mr. Causton so lately told me how fast he had 
lately drawn Bills upon him; though for what Uses I knew 
not. He then went on in his usual Way of exclaiming, 
very tedious to me, who could be no Judge how far he 
was injured, or what real Causes there might be of Com- 
plaint : But I saw he was every Day more and more dis- 
contented, and (I remember'd) the last Time I saw him 
(which was Tuesday) he asked me if I had any Com- 
mands to Charles-Town, where he was going shortly; to 
which I made him no Answer, nor asked him on what 
Occasion. The common Occurrences of this Day any 
farther, were not worth Notice. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 67 

Friday. Nothing happened of extraordinary Mo- >J^. 
ment One of the Families of Freeholders, who had ^^""i^!^ 
left the Colony some Time since, to seek their For- 
tune in Carolina, returned again, finding they had not 
met with such Encouragement as they expedled ; and 
reported that some others they believed would see their 
Mistake. This Man's Name was Tibbet, a good Sawyer, 
who expe<5led to mend his Wages in another Place : 
And it was now to be hoped he would set a greater Value 
on his Lot by improving it more than hitherto. Mr. 
Causton went in the Afternoon for Ockstead, intending 
to stay till Monday. 

Saturday. Mr. Bradley brought me his List of Horses i4. 
and Cattle ; and upon my observing how few they were 
in Comparison of what I expedled; he told me, that 
he believed those Horses which were left, would die 
soon, being poisoned with the bad Corn Mr. Causton 
gave him out of the Stores for them : On the other Side, 
I remembered Mr. Causton had told me, he thought all 
the Horses would come to nothing, Mr. Bradley and his 
People having rode them to Death : But which of them 
came nearest the Truth, I could not tell. Mr. Causton 
returned to Town again unexpe<5led this Afternoon, and 
Jones the Surveyor came at Mr. Bradley's Call, in order 
to run out some of the Trust-Land for the Germans to 
work on. 

Sunday. Mr. Dyson did the office again of the Church. i*- 
Capt. Thompson's Ship fell down the River to Tybee, in 
order to sail for Charles-Town, and get Freight for Eng- 
land, after laying here a great while, occasioned by his 
importing a pretty deal of Goods of divers Kinds, which 
probably he did not find so ready Payment for as he ex- 
pedled. 

Monday. Capt. Daubuz brought his Ship up this Morn- i6. 
ing to the Town ; when he saluted the Fort with three 



68 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Guns, and his Coq;^pliment was repaid : I had by him iJ^ 
two Servants sent me from the Trust, whom he sent '•"5?'^ 
ashore on Saturday Evening. After expe<%ng Capt. 
Gascoigne to visit us for some Days past, pursuant to 
some Letters he had lately wrote ; we had Advice this 
Evening, that he was come to an Anchor at Cockspur. 
Sickness, which had never yet wholly ceased among my 
Servants, continued to pull them down ; and no less than 
four were now under the Doctor's Care, one of whom we 
scarcely hoped would live, till this Day he began to re- 
cover. 

Tuesday. The Court that was adjourned to this Day, ^7- 
sat again ; when a great Cause was expelled to have come 
on betwixt Watson and Matthews, the Husband of Mrs. 
Musgrave (of which I took Notice the 19th of Novem- 
ber.) A special Jury was appointed, to the Satisfaction 
of both Parties, and sworn ; but being Matter of Accounts, 
and each not equally ready, it was put o£E for another 
Week. Capt. Gascoigne came up in his Pinnace about 
Noon, and the Fort, upon his coming ashore, compli- 
mented him with nine Guns. Mr. Ellis, Master of a 
Sloop from Pensilvania, with Provisions, arrived at the 
same Time, but last from Charles-Town ; who told us 
of Capt. Ayres's being newly arrived there from Eng- 
land ; and that he brought the melancholy News of the 
Queen's Death on the 20th of November last. Most 
Part of the Afternoon passed in Company with the Cap- 
tain, Mr. Causton, &c. but whatever Packets might come 
by Capt. Ayres for Georgia, we heard nothing of any 
such yet. 

Wednesday. Most Part of the Day was spent in at- is. 
tending Capt. Gascoigne, who took Part of a short Com- 
mons with me ; by whom I informed myself of many 
Things that I enquired after in the South, where I in- 
tended now soon to make a Visit ; and he was pleased to 
offer me a Conveyance in his Ship when he returned ; 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 69 

which he purposed in few Days ; and I thought it would v2!JL 
be a good Opportunity, if other Affairs did not detain ^•"^^ 
me. 

Thursday. Having now prepared all Matters ready to i». 
enclose, and send away in a Packet for the Trustees, ex- 
cept one Account only, which was relating to the Stores 
of Ammunition and Accoutrements of War, which could 
be had only from Mr. Causton, whom I had asked often 
for it ; went to his House, to see if I could get it ; but 
he was gone this Morning to his Country-House at Ock- 
stead with Capt Gascoigne, and some other Gentlemen, 
whom he invited : Whereupon I acquainted one of 
his Clerks of it, telling him that the Negledl of it, in case 
I did not send it, I doubted would be imputed to his 
Master ; and he promised to do what he could in it 
against to-morrow. 

Friday. Mr. Causton and the Captain returned to so. 
Town about Noon ; and after several Accounts of the 
Stores and Ammunition brought me, which were so im- 
perfedl that I could not accept them, at length I got it 
done to my Liking : Which compleated all the Lists I had 
to send by this Conveyance. In the Evening an Express 
arrived from Mr. Horton at Frederica, with Letters for 
Mr. Causton and me, dated the 14th Instant, importing, 
that a Spanish Launch arrived at his House at Jekyll the 
I ith, with an Officer and nineteen Men, who went back 
the 13th, and the Officer delivered three Letters, one for 
Mr. Causton, one for Capt. Gascoigne, and another for 
himself ; which Letters he now sent to Mr. Causton, 
wrote all in Spanish ; desiring him to get that which was 
for himself translated, and sent him back : To which 
Letters he referred me ; and on my going to Mr. Causton 
(where Capt. Gascoigne was at the same Tide) I found 
by the Translation made by one of our Jews, the Con- 
tents were to complain of an Insult made by some Indi- 
ans in Amity with us, upon some Indians of theirs, sev- 



70 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

tral of whom they had surprised and killed, and carried vi!^ 
off their Wives Prisoners. Mr. Horton added, that the ^•^'y 
Spanish Oflficer told him, the Governor of Augustin de- 
sired to live in Friendship with us, and to have a good 
Correspondence. 

Saturday. Little or nothing worth Remark this Day. 21. 
Dined with Capt. Gascoigne at Mr. Causton^s by Invita- 
tion ; when understanding he had provided a small Box 
to enclose his Dispatches in for the Trustees (being very 
voluminous) I thought it best to enclose mine in the same 
Vehicle ; which was afterwards delivered to Capt. Thomp- 
son, who after so long a Stay here, purposed to go early to- 
morrow on Board his Ship now at Tybee, bound to 
Charles-Town ; where he promised to see it carefully 
forwarded by the first Ship for England : And by him I 
wrote also to Mr. Hop^on at Charles-Town, desiring his 
Care in it conjunctly, &c. 

Sunday. Mr. Dyson continued to officiate at Church. 22. 
Capt. Thompson went off in the Forenoon, in order to 
sail from Tybee. Mr. Causton at his Country-House, 
where he had an Entertainment for Capt. Gascoigne 
and other Company. A trading Boat of Mr. Eveleigh's, 
bound from Charles-Town for New- Windsor, called in the 
Evening ; and by he/ we had great Expe<5lation of Let- 
ters from England, which we looked for by Capt. Ayres, 
newly arrived there ; but none came. 

Monday. My Servants drawing near a Conclusion w. 
now of their Work, in clearing and fencing the five-Acre 
Lot, and my Dispatches gone to the Trust ; I took this 
Leisure before I went South, to look into the forty-five 
Acres ; and very early this Morning took a Walk thither 
with my Son, and one or two others ; where I took good 
Observation of what I thought needful, that I might the 
better give proper Directions what should be done whilst I 
was gone away. Here I found a Defedt of the Surveyor 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 71 

Jones again ; for he had only marked out the two ex- ^^ 
tream Corners of the Land which lay next the Road ; ^^^^^ 
but run out no Lines to bound it inward, which would be 
necessary to guide us, lest my People should go wrong. 
I returned Home about Noon ; and after Dinner Mr. 
Amory came to me, complaining that in so long 
Time as he had been here (which was ever since before 
Christmas) he had not been able to get Mr. Jones to as- 
certain the Bounds of some Land for him ; which was 
all he desired of him, lest he might for Want of that, go 
to work on other Peoples Ground ; and as for the Con- 
tents, he could measure it himself: I promised to speak 
with Mr. Causton about it, and Jones also, as soon as I 
could come at the Sight of him : And soon after I went 
and talked to Mr. Causton upon it, who promised to 
hasten Jones, that it might be done. Mr. Fallowfield 
coming accidentally to us whilst together, I fell into Dis- 
course with him (as one of the commanding Constables) 
concerning the Militia, and the ill State which I feared all 
their Arms would be found in, upon a due Inspection ; 
which therefore was highly necessary : And he told me 
they had some Thoughts of a general Muster soon ; 
whereupon I urged it more strongly ; and before we 
parted, I understood it was determined to have it in a 
few Days. 

Tuesday. The Court met again according to Adjourn- 24. 
ment : when the Trial was expedled*to come on betwixt 
Watson and Matthews ; but as there had been a special 
Jury impanelled and sworn, and one of those Jurors was 
withdrawn, and gone Abroad without Leave (for which 
the Court fined him forty Shillings) and moreover Watson 
complained, that two of the Persons intended to have 
been on the Jury at first, had not been duly summoned ; 
the Court thought it a sufficient Cause to adjourn over 
the Trial to the next Genera! Court, to be holden some 
Day in February ; against which Day another special 
Jury was ordered to be summoned. Seeing no Likeli- 



72 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

hood of Capt. Gascoignc's Readiness to sail soon for the }^ 
South, I determined with myself to lose no Time, but ^^^^ 
take the first convenient Opportunity for that Progress. 

Wednesday. Good Part of this Day spent in Confer- n, 
ence with Capt. Gascoigne and Mr. Causton; especially 
relating to the Spanish Letters lately received, and proper 
Answers to be returned : And as there was now a Scout 
Boat here, lately come from the South, partly on partic- 
ular Business .to make up Accounts, and partly to get 
some new Men, I resolved to make Use of that Oppor- 
tunity, and proceed in her to-morrow. 

Thursday, After farther Conference with Capt. Gas- «e. 
coigne and Mr. Causton, when each of them had given 
me their several Letters in answer to the Spaniards, &c. 
(which 1 was to carry with me) I set out in the Afternoon 
in the Scout Boat for the South, making such Observa- 
tions by the Way on what Settlements lay near the Water, 
as I saw proper ; intending to make a different Account 
of it to be sent to the Trustees. We stopt when Night 
came on, at Skedoway Island, waiting for Day-Light, 
and a proper Time of Tide to pass through the Narrows 
of those Marshes. 

Friday. In the Morning we went on, and passing 27. 
by the Mouth of Vernon River, Ogeechic, and divers 
Islands ; we made no other Stop, but as the Tide re- 
quired, either by Day or Night ; and, 

Saturday. About Three in the Afternoon, we arrived ss. 
at Frederica, from whence Mr. Horton had been gone 
not an Hour for Jekyll: But upon Signal given (which 
was by firing a Certain Number of Guns, in case his be- 
ing there was thought needful) he returned in about an 
Hour more ; and we spent the Evening together in agree- 
able Conversation suited to my Errand. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 73 

Sunday. Not having better Employment for the Day, i^ 
I thought it was doing my Duty to walk to and fro among ^»°g»'y 
the adjacent Lots, whether of one Acre or five ; wherein 
I employed myself the whole Day, Forenoon and After. 
Mr. Horton readily accompanied me, together with the 
Surveyor Mr. Augspourguer, and Mr. Hird a Constable, 
and one of the principal Improvers ; by whom I had am- 
ple Information of all that I asked, besides what I saw 
with my Eyes ; and we returned not Home whilst Day- 
Light. 

Monday. Employed myself this Day partly in the so. 
same Manner as Yesterday, and otherwise looking into 
divers Matters at the Fort, informing myself in many 
Things required of me by the Trust. 

Tuesday. Proceeded farther South, to visit the several «l 
Forts and Settlements, Mr. Horton still accompanying 
me ; and we stopt at Noon with Lieutenant Delegal, who 
commanded the Company at Fort St. Simon's, and re- 
ceived us courteously. I Uiought it would exceed my 
Commission to enquire into the Conduct of his Majesty's 
Officers, and therefore I contented myself with some few 
Generals, whereof I meant to send a particular Account 
to the Trustees. In the Afternoon I went on with Mr. 
Horton to Jekyll, where he had a Plantation carrying on 
for a Year or more past, with a good Number of Serv- 
ants, and considerable Improvements made, as well in 
building Houses, as cultivating Land, having more than 
twenty Acres fenced in, and preparing for planting. 
Here we rested this Night, 

Wednesday. In the Morning (after diverting ourselves Ftbmary 
a little, in viewing his Improvements) we went on for 
Cumberland Island, where stands Fort St. Andrew's, a 
particular Account of which I purposed to send also to 
the Trustees. The wind favoring us by coming suddenly 
about to the South ; after some Hours spent agreeably 



74 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

(I might say delightfully) there, and informing myself ^JJ^ 
in all that I enquired after, I resolved to turn back again, ^«^J^»'y 
not thinking it of absolute Necessity to go as far more 
South as the Look-out at the Island of Amelia, which 
was at least twenty Miles o£E ; where a Scout Boat is 
stationed to keep Guard, with thirteen or fourteen Men 
on an Eminence of Land, encompassed beneath with a 
Palisade, whereon they cover themselves with a Hut, 
having two Swivel Guns, two Pateraroes, and one Piece 
of Cannon (a six Pounder) to defend or annoy with. Be* 
fore we left Fort St. Andrew's, Mr. Horton, sent off the 
Scout Boat belonging to Amelia Look-out, with those 
Letters prepared by Capt. Gascoigne, Mr. Causton and 
himself, in answer to the Spaniards (as before men- 
tioned) giving them strict Orders to row down, and lay 
off Shore at Anchor, in Sight of the Spanish Look-out 
on Friday Evening, that so they might receive their Letters 
from them on Saturday, and they might be at Augustin 
with the Governor there on Sunday the 5th, which was 
the Day agreed on for him to receive Answers. The 
substance of what the Spaniards wrpte being to acquaint 
us of an Insult made by some Indians in Amity with 
us (as before noted on January 20.) who they say killed 
ten or eleven of their Indians as they were rowing in a 
Boat, and carried off five or six of their Wives, with 
seven or eight Men more Prisoners ; wherefore they did 
not doubt but we would make stridl Enquiry after those 
who had committed so atrocious a Fadl, and punish 
them, and send back the Prisoners in Safety; as they 
would be ready to do the like on their Parts, and in all 
Cases observe a true Friendship, which they desired to 
preserve betwixt the two Nations: The Answers sent 
were general, full of Compliments and Professions of all 
Readiness to discover the Authors of so wicked an 
Adlion, which we had in the utmost Abhorrence: But no 
Promises were made of what was not in our Power. Mr. 
Horton told me, that the Officer in the Launch acquainted 
him before they parted, that he understood they were a 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 75 

Party of the Euchies; and if so, they are far off now }^. 
from us; for those of them who lived on the River Sa- ^^^J]"'^ 
vannah, went off this last Year, we know not whither; 
being afraid of other Enemies coming upon them there. 
Towards Evening we made our way back to Jekyll, and 
took up our Quarters again there. 

Thursday. Lieutenant Delegal, in the Morning *• 
crossed Jekyll Sound, from his Fort on St. Simon's, and 
made us a Visit. Mr. Horton then would not allow us to 
part without dining with him, which I perceived he had 
made some Provision for, and we fared well. Afterwards 
Mr. Delegal took his Leave, and returned to his Fort, ' 
and we made the best of our Way to Frederica, where 
we arrived as* the Day closed, having by the Way visited 
Capt Gascoigne's Plantation, in his Absence, which is on 
St. Simon's Island, near the Station where his Ship 
usually rides; and there he has built a convenient House 
for himself, with several Out-houses, a Garden, &c. and 
cultivated several Acres of Land. 

Friday. This Day I was fully employed in perfedl- s. 
ing such Lists, Observations, &c. as I had began before 
I went farther South. In the Evening I had the ready 
Consent of the Magistrates and Constables to sit an 
Hour or two with me, from whom I was very well pleased 
to hear, that they all lived in perfedl Peace and Quiet, 
without Fear of any Disturbance from Abroad, and with- 
out any Strife or Contention of Law at Home, where 
they sometimes opened a Court, but very rarely had any 
Thing to do in it : They seemed to shew some Concern, 
that there was so little Appearance of Improvements 
made on their Land last Year, which was owing to the 
continued Alarm from the Spaniards, and the frequent 
Duty they were upon (and that was well known) which 
they hoped would be a just Excuse for them ; and they 
assured me, that there was very few (if any) but who 
went on now in good Earnest this Season to do all in 



76 COLONIAL EECOEDS. 

their Power : All of which I myself was partly an Eye- vi^ 
Witness of, and could the more easily believe: They ex- ''«^J»*^ 
pressed a great Desire of gaining the good Will of the 
honourable Trustees ; and I told them, I would do them 
Justice in representing it; and moreover could assure 
them of obtaining their Favour in Proportion to their 
future Diligence and good Behaviour. 

Saturday. About Ten in the Morning I took Leave at 4. 
Frederica, and steered for Darien in my Way Home, Mr. 
Horton still affording me his Company; and Mr. Augs- 
pourguer, the Surveyor, having Business Northward, was 
welcome to a Place in the Boat. The Wind not favour- 
ing, we made it near Four a Clock before we arrived 
there, where I lost no Time in taking a List of the In- 
habitants, and an Account of all Things requisite, pur- 
suant to my Instrudlions. It was a Pleasure to me to be 
informed here from Mr. Mcintosh, the Principal among 
them (who indeed is a careful and discreet Man) of the 
orderly Behaviour of these People, and their real Dili- 
gence in Improvements; having laid open a good TraA 
of Land, all the Lots run out to the Old King George's 
Fort, and some others the other Way; all of which they 
purposed to cultivate and plant this Season, and hoped 
from the Produdl of their last Year's Labour, they should 
do much greater Things this. The Particulars coUedled 
here by me, I purposed also to send the Trustees 
with the rest. Mr. Mcintosh gave me a kind Reception; 
and, 

Sunday Morning, most of the People being gathered 6. 
together, they expressed themselves well pleased that 
somebody was sent to inspedl what they were doing, 
shewing a Desire that their Work hitherto might be well 
approved of; which I told them they need not doubt, 
and I would not fail to do them Justice in what I wrote 
concerning them. About Ten a Clock I took my Leave 
of them, and Mr. Horton staying there in order to return 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 77 

in the Afternoon to Frederica, Mr. Augspourguer and I }^ 
pursued our Way towards Savannah: The Wind favour- '^^J^'^r 
ing us, we made good Speed, and no Stop till Midnight ; 
when upon Entrance into the Narrows through Skeed- 
away Marshes, we lay on our Grapling till Day Light ; 
and, 

Monday, early in the Morning, we kept on our Way, «. 
till about Noon arriving at Thunderbolt, I went ashore 
there, partly to visit Mr. Lacy, who had been dangerously 
ill, and partly to see how the Cultivation of Land went 
forward there among his next Neighbours (his own good 
Improvements being well known;) but I could not dis- 
cover any great Matters done among them. I was glad 
to hear Mr. Lacy was grown well enough to go to 
Savannah Town, about an Hour before I came. Then we 
kept on our Course, and a few Miles farther down the 
Water we came to Mr. Causton's Plantation at Ockstead, 
which stands on a fair Eminence. Capt. Gascoigne and 
Mr. Hugh Anderson standing on the Bluff, I went ashore 
to salute them, where I found a good Dinner just on 
Table, and was easily persuaded to take Part of it : Mr. 
Causton I understood went to Town in the Morning, 
leaving the Captain there (who came with him last Night) 
and he was expe<5led to return to them this Evening. 
After Dinner I was agreeably amused in viewing the fine 
Improvements here made, as well in building a very 
handsome House after the modern Taste, neatly finished, 
with convenient Offices and Out-houses adjoining near, 
in an uniform Manner; as also a large Garden and Or- 
chard laid out elegantly, planting, and intended to be 
well filled with the best Kinds of all Things which this 
Country will produce. About Four a Clock I returned 
to my Boat, and arriving at Savannah just at the shutting 
in of Day-Light, having by the Help of favourable Winds 
made this Town in eleven Days, which at setting out I 
could not well promise myself to accomplish under three 
Weeks. I learnt nothing new from my Son of any Mo- 



78 COLONIAL EECOEDS. - 

ment since I went away; but all Things much in the vi3^ 
same Way. ^•^"^ 

Tuesday. Very heavy Rain all Day, with some Thun- 7. 
der and Lightning, confined me at Home : Capt. Gas- 
coigne, with Mr. Causton, returning to Town in the 
Evening, and desiring my Company ; I went and sat 
with them. We had neither of us any Thing new and 
material to communicate, and therefore nothing passed 
in our Conversation but ordinary Chat. 

Wednesday. Advice came this Day, that one Hughes, «. 
a Smith, settled at Abercorn, was newly gone off, with- 
out the least previous Notice of his Intention, for Caro- 
lina, with his Family ; which shewed him to be an errant 
Rascal, Mr. Causton having very lately supplied him with 
good Stock of Provisions out of the Stores. To balance 
this, one Desborough, a Carpenter, who went off from 
Savannah for Carolina some Months since, with his Fam- 
ily, now thought fit to return again, and reported, that 
Atwell, and some others, he believed would shortly do 
the same. This verified my conje<5lure which I had wrote 
to the Trustees, concerning such to-and-fro People, who 
were handicraft Men, and always seeking how to improve 
their Wages. One Scott, a Gunsmith, a notorious Dealer 
in Rum, was this Day charged upon two Affidavits with 
retailing that Liquor, and bound over to the Court in 
order to be prosecuted for two Offences, as well as for sell- 
ing Rum, as for selling it without being a licensed Victu- 
aller. Happy were it for the Town, if all Delinquents 
of the same Kind were discovered, and severely pun- 
ished ; which certainly would appear to be a greater 
Number than can be easily imagined ; and not only 
tends to destroy the Peoples Health, but debauches the 
labouring People and Servants, being Places of Nursery 
for all Vices ; and it is observable, that Thieving begins 
to grow very fast, robbing of Gardens and such like of 
late being frequent. Capt. Daubuz in the Georgia . 



COLONIAL BECORDS. 79 

Pink being unladen and clear, fell down the River a little i^ 
Way, in order to sail, as soon as the Wind favours to go ^^^g**"^ 
over the Bar. 

Thursday. Upon my telling Mr. Causton how great «• 
Reason Mr. Delegal had to complain of the Want of 
Carriages for his Guns, which he expedled hence ; and 
Mr. Causton laying the Blame upon one Young, a Wheel- 
wright, who undertook it some Months ago ; I went to 
Young, and rebuked him sharply : He had Half a Dozen 
ready, which I told him he might very conveniently put 
on Board the Hawk, now Capt. Gascoigne was just upon 
sailing thither ; and he promised me he would, and also 
assured me no further Time should be lost in getting 
the Remainder. 

Friday. Capt. Gascoigne and Mr. Causton sitting a lo. 
while with me, the Captain took occasion to talk of the 
very great Inconvenience t,hey lay under in the South, 
for want of having divers Kinds of Stores always ready 
at Hand for fitting and repairing of Boats, and supply- 
ing them with Sails, Oars, and other Necessaries for the 
Service, which would often have suffered very much in Dis- 
patch, had not he assisted them with his Carpenter, and 
what was wanting ; whereupon he proposed, that a private 
Store of proper Utensils might be lodged with him for 
that Purpose, such as Pitch, Tar and Turpentine, Cloth 
for Sails, and divers other Articles, for which he would 
be Accountable to the Stores here, &c. Wherein he 
partly directed his Discourse to Mr. Causton, with whom 
he had before talked of it ; and they both seemed to 
expedl my Opinion : To which I made Answer, that I 
saw no Obje<5lion to it ; but it would be necessary to 
have the Approbation of the Trust, and was somewhat 
doubtful in myself how far multiplying Stores might be 
agreeable to them, when the Publick Stores for the 
South Part of the Province were so near the Captain's 
Station as Frederica is. 



80 COLONIAL BECOBDS. 

Saturday. This Day I devoted to my own private Af- ^^ 
fair of cultivating Land; and walked out early with my '•^j™*'^ 
Son to see what Progress the Men made in clearing the 
Ground near three Miles out of Town : I spent some 
Hours there, and coming Home in the Afternoon, we 
were catchM in a heavy American Rain, and handsomely 
washed to the Skin. 

Sunday. Mr. Dyson continued to officiate at Church ^* 
with a pretty full Congregation. 

Monday. A Brigantine came up the River laden with u. 
Provisions of the usual Sort from New York, at the Dis- 
posal of Provost, Supercargo. Mr. Christie the 

Recorder, having let out to several his Dwelling-Housc, 
and other Conveniences in Town, and laid aside any 
farther Thoughts of Bloody-Point in Carolina, and a 
Fishery there, which formerly at that Time he was in- 
tent upon, as I then noted; now all on a sudden resolved 
to apply himself wholly to improving of Land, and live 
upon it; reserving only to himself a Lodging-Room in 
Town, where he purposed to be on certain Days, for ex- 
ecuting his office as a Magistrate : 'Twere well if he per- 
sisted stedfastly in this Purpose ; but his Humour being 
so variable, I doubted how long he would be of the same 
Mind, having (as I learnt) divers Times rented this or 
that Lot (as his Fancy led him) of the Owners, with De- 
sign to cultivate them to such particular Uses, as he 
thought the Nature of the Soil was properly adapted, and 
quickly thrown them up again, without bringing any 
Thing to Perfedlion. A Man of competent Knowledge 
in many Things, but unstable in all his Ways. Mr. Caus- 
ton returned in the Evening from Ockstead. 

Tuesday. Bailiff Parker and Mr. Hugh Anderson tak- "• 
ing Part of a Commons with me, after Dinner took a 
Walk, first to the publick Garden, where I was very glad 
to see so good a Progress made in putting all into due 



COLONIAL EECOEDS. ^;; 8L 

order again, after the sad Confusion it had been lately vl^ 
in. Thence we went to several neighbouring Lots; and ^^^j^^'y 
the great Improvements which Mr. Bradley was making 
on a five-Acre Lot of his Sons, being much talked of; 
1 had a Desire to see that, where indeed I found great 
Things done; a neat Garden well laid out, on about an 
Acre of it, which was filling, and to be filled with proper, 
choice Fruits: on a Slope which led down to a Swamp, 
and which wats well dressed, were planted upwards of an 
hundred Vines, raised from Cuttings brought out of 
England partly, and partly from Pensilvania: To drain 
the Swamp, several deep Trenches were cast up with 
great Labour, and the Land thereby becoming very rich, 
was designed to be planted with Rice: One remaining 
Corner of the Lot being produAive of good Clay for 
making Bricks (whereof Experiment had been effedlually 
made) was to be reserved for that Use. All this was a 
little suprising ; but my Wondering ceased when I found 
the Work was carried on by a great Number of those . 
Germans imported by Capt. Hewit: Twenty or more of 
them I observed were at Work upon it, besides others 
preparing Materials in the Woods, for paling the Gar- 
dens, and divers Accommodations of that Sort. After 
my return Home, upon my telling Mr. Causton what I 
had seen, he said he never had, nor was yet inclined to 
it; but what he knew was, that none of all those Men 
under Mr. Bradley's Care, had ever done a Stroke of 
Work towards clearing or cultivating the Trust's Land; 
from whence it might have been hoped some Produce 
would have arisen towards their Maintenance another 
Year; but, far from that, they had not yet made them- 
selves any Huts, or Covering of any Kind to live in, but 
continued a Burden on the ^Trust, by taking up divers 
vacant Houses in Town, which they were put in at their 
first ArrivaPfor Shelter, and^the Rent of all which will 
come to upwards of 30 /. 

Ash-Wednesday. One Smith, a Shoemaker (not a 15. 



C^ ^^i COLOiaAL EECOSDS. 

Freehold Inhabitant) paying away a few Spanish Bits, JH^ 
the Receiver observed them to be fresh clipped; where- ^^^^^ 
upon he went to a Magistrate, and got a Warrant to ap- 
prehend him, and search after more; by which Power 
they found Half a Pound Weight of new Clippings, and 
another Bag of Spanish Bits newly clipped: All which 
appearing so strong a presumptive Evidence of its being 
done by Smith, he was committed to Prison, in order to 
take his Trial at the next Court for so high a Misde- 
meanor. Mr. Brown^s Servant at Highgate being likely 
to die, as the Surgeon declared who attended him; a 
Warrant was ordered to take Brown into Custody. (Vide 
January 5.) 

Thursday. This Morning an Express arrived from i* 
Lieutenant Willy in the Creek Nation, and came by the Way 
of Augusta, signifying, that the Choctaw Indians in the 
French Interest, had some Time in November last come 
in a great Body, far superior to the Chicasaws, and at- 
tacked them in such a Manner, that the Chicasaws not 
being of .Force suflficient to face them, betook themselves 
to their Forts, to defend what they had: That after they 
had committed what Plunder they thought good, killed 
and taken Prisoners about twenty People, and also killed 
and eaten a great Number of Horses, partly belonging to 
those Chicasaws, and partly to white Men, they marched 
off, telling them they would come and visit them again 
in the Spring, &c. It is added, that the Chicasaws are 
said to have followed them, and fallen on their Rear with 
good Success; but we do not find it confirmed. The 
same Advice tells us, that Col. Bull had sent Notice to 
the Chicasaws of certain Information he received, that 
the French were making great Preparations to fall upon 
them in the Spring, resolving utterly to destroy their 
Nation; whereupon he persuaded them by no Means to 
shut themselves up in their Forts, which would be no 
Defence for them against the French Artillery, but prove! 
certain Destruction; wherefore their best Way would be' 



CfOLONIAL EECORDS, 83 

to gall them with Ambuscades; or if they could not i^ 
trust to that, then to retreat nearer to their Friends, from '•^i™*'^ 
whom they might be supplied with what they wanted 
against their Enemies. I made no Doubt but the Trus- 
tees would have the whole AfiEair fully represented to 
them by Mr. Causton, to whom this Express came. In 
the Afternoon the Magistrates, upon examining into the 
AfiEair of Mr. Brown, thought proper to commit him to 
close Confinement; and gave Notice to Smith, who was 
committed Yesterday, that if he could find sufficient Bail 
for his Appearance at Court, they would accept of it. 

Friday. Capt. Gascoigne, who arrived here the 17th ^''• 
ult. took his Leave this Day, and went for Tybee in the 
Ranger Sloop, in order to Sail : At his going off, the 
Fort saluted him with nine Guns. In the Evening Mr. 
Bradley came and sat with me, making grievous Com- 
plaints of the cruel Usage he met with from Mr. Caus- 
ton, whereof he enumerated divers Particulars : Among 
others, he told me^ that he had drawn two or three small 
Bills on him for Payment of Things absolutely neces- 
sary ; such as two Doctors for attending his Family and 
Servants in their Sickness, and others for Cloaths for his 
Children, &c. all which he had not a Penny to discharge; 
nevertheless Mr. Causton refused him any Assistance, 
telling those who brought them, he would pay none of 
his Bills ; insomuch that he expedls every Day to be ar- 
rested for Payment. The Workmen about the great 
House (which he calls his) who are mostly Germans of 
Mr. Spangenburgh's Tribe, he said, upon demanding 
Payment, were likewise refused, unless he will sign their 
Accounts ; which he told me he objedled to, because he 
finds that Mr. Causton will make him Debtor in his 
Books to the Trust for all publick Works that he is con- 
cerned in ; and upon my saying, that if Mr. Causton 
did so, I apprehended that it would not be a Charge 
upon him when those Accounts were liquidated ; he re- 
plied ; that in case either of them died, it would not 



84 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

easily be set right, and he would not leave his Family at ,i^ 
Mr. Causton's Mercy, in case he survived. He desired ^^^^^^ 
I would particularly take Notice of this ; which I prom- 
ised him I would ; and then he gave me broad Hints of 
his Intention not only to concern himself no farther about 
the House (which it is vulgarly computed is very ex- 
pensive; and surely I think, intended for a greater In- 
habitant than Mr. Bradley) but also that he had Thoughts 
of quitting all, and therefore hoped I would put a good 
Construdlion upon it, if I heard he was gone privately 
off : For should his Intention be known, probably he 

might be stopt; with Abundance more to the 

same Purpose ; which I listened to, and said little. 
Whilst we were conversing, Mr. Brownjohn came to 
speak with me ; and knowing that he and Mr. Bradley 
had been before very intimate, being one among the 
Malecontents, I expedled to have heard some angry 
Words from him too, but therein I was mistaken ; for he 
only took Notice in a cool Manner, that Mr. Causton 
had dealt hardly with him, as he thought, in a few small 
Instances, which he named ; which he should say no 
more of at present, but would wait the Opportunity of ap- 
pealing to a greater Man than him : I very much com- 
mended his Discretion, telling him that it was the Ad- 
vise I gave to all who complained of ill Treatment, to 
reserve such Complaints against a proper Time, when 
stridl Justice would be done them, and those who were 
injured would have Right ; but to set themselves against 
the Colony for any private Pique against this or that 
Man in Power, who they imagined injured them, without 
appealing farther, was doing an A<ft of Injustice to the 
Trustees, whose Aim was to make every Body, who was 
industrious, easy : All which he seemed to give good At- 
tention to. N. B. This Brownjohn was one of the four 
before-mentioned (January 6) who had been at Carolina, 
&c. of whom Mercer was the chief Leader, and the most 
sour in his Temper of any of them ; and this Man being 
his Brother-in-Law, naturally concerted with him : But 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 85 

as I knew him otherwise a good-natured Man, and one i!^ 
of the valuable Freeholders in Town, for the Improve- ^^Yt?*'^ 
ments he has made, wherein he has been curious in many 
Experiments to find what the Soil was most fitly adapted 
to ; and this Year particularly has Wheat, Barley and 
Oats, about Half an Acre of each in a very flourishing 
Condition, expecting the Wheat which is nigh shooting 
in Ear now, will be ripe in May ; besides a good Num- 
ber of various Kinds of Fruit-Trees, which he is raising ; 
and lives decently with his Family : For these Reasons 
I sought his Acquaintance, as well hoping by that Means 
to reduce him to a good Disposition towards the Colony, 
as to get some Instructions from him about the most 
profitable Way of planting : And having before invited 
him to come and sit an Evening with me, when he had 
most Leisure and Inclination ; it happened he came now ; 
and from the Reception I gave him, I expedl he will 
come again, and grow good humour'd as in Time past. 

Saturday. Mr. Causton understanding, that Mr. Brad- is. 
ley had been with me last Night, came to me ; and in his 
Turn laid Abundance of heavy Things to his Charge, 
running over a long Scene of Mr. Bradley's Behaviour 
towards him ; how in all Things he made it his Study tq 
perplex him, and create him what trouble he could: That 
nothing he could do would ever satisfy him, but every Day 
produced some new and extraordinary Demand, which he 
could not warrant the complying with: That he had pro- 
fessed and avowed Enmity against him; done all that lay 
in his Power to stir up the People to an Aversion towards 
him ; and that it was impossible for him, or any one who 
had to do with such a Person, to live in Quiet : That he 
was continually laying Traps and Snares to catch him, in 
case he fell into any Error; so that he did not think 
himself safe at any Time from his Wiles ; that he had 
borne it so long, and had been so scandalously traduced 
through his Means, he was resolved to bear it no longer ; 
and any Body was welcome to take his Place, unless the 



86 COLONIAL BECOBDS. 

Trustees would defend him from such injurious Treat- i]^ 
ment, who (he added) too were falsely served by him, as '•^i^'^ 
they would find, when they compared the g^eat Expense 
he had put them to, with the Fruits of his Labour ; 
which for his Part, he saw scarce any Appearance of. 
Abundance more to the like Purpose fell from him in a 
great Passion ; which indeed I could not wonder at, if 
true (as 1 had Reason to apprehend good Part of it was, 
from what I had observed;) but I interposed in my com- 
muning with him, no farther than to persuade him to be 
pacified, till a proper opportunity ofiEered, of bringing 
all these Things into open Light, before those who would 
do impartial Justice, and not suffer such as appeared to 
serve them well, to be run down. Then he said, that he 
was determined for the remaining Time to come, that he 
had any Thing to do with him, not to have any Converse 
or Dealing of any Kind with him, but before Witness ; 
and to pay no Money on any Account he should bring, 
but what was of absolute Necessity, and perfectly well 
warranted ; so we parted. 

Sunday. Mr. Dyson officiated still at Church. 19. 

Monday. Mr. Bradley with me again, complaining 20. 
now of more Grievances : That among those Germans 
under his Care, there was one Carpenter, which he ex- 
pedled would have been of good Use to him in building 
Huts, &c. for his People; but that Mr. Causton this 
Morning had taken him away from him ; and that upon 
his asking the Man what purpose he was called off for, 
he told him he was hired to serve Mr. Williamson (Mr. 
Causton's Nephew :) That having lately a Carpenter 
among his own Servants, who was now dead, he was 
hereby rendered utterly helpless, and knew not how to 
settle those People any where, &c. Then he told me (as 
he had several Times before) that he never could get the 
Trust's Lot near Vernon River to be run out by Jones in 
the Manner as shewed him by the Trustees, and as his 



? COLONIAL RECORDS, ^ 87 

Agrteement with them was, viz. a Mile square ; but that ^J^ 
Jones^ after being so often called upon by him, had lately '^^j™*'^ 
sent his Boy, and run out that Lot two Miles long, and 
Half a Mile broad, alledging it was pursuant to his in* 
strudlions when bordering upon a River ; which Bradley 
asserted was not true ; for it was all Marsh near it, and 
so navigable Water within two Miles: And it was in 
vain^to cultivate that Lot in such narrow Shape, which 
by Reason of Woods so near adjoining, would produce 
not Half a Crop. Upon the Whole, he said, that he 
found that Mr. Causton was set upon it, to defeat him in 
all his Undertakings ; and that therefore he resolved to 
quit his Hands of the Germans, and have nothing more 
to do with them : All which he desired me to acquaint 
Mr. Causton with, also that I would take particular 
Notice of it : Both which I promised him. Soon after 
he was gone, Adams the Butcher came and showed me a 
Bill of 6 /. and odd Money Sterling, which Mr. Bradley y 
owed him for Meat, and which Mr. Bradley had drawn 
on Mr. Causton to pay, but Mr. Causton had refused it ; 
whereupon he had taken out a Warrant to arrest Bradley, 
and hoped, by so doing, he should not give Offence to 
the Trustees, as Bradley was their Servant, asking my 
Advice ; but I told him it was not any Part of my Office 
to meddle in such Matters of common Right ; that the 
Trustees had eredled a Court of Justice, which I did not 
doubt but they meant should be open to all Complain- 
ants. In the Evening I acquainted Mr. Causton with 
what Mr. Bradley had given me Commission to say ; who 
after pausing a little, told me, that in case Bradley was in 
Earnest, he had one capable and ready to employ those 
People, to better Purpose than they were like to be 
under Bradley (meaning Mr. Parker) but he (Mr. Causton) 
was of Opinion, that Bradley would hardly stick to what 
he had said, and therefore wished, if I saw him again, that 
I would know of him whether he was determined to 
abide by the Message he had sent him, or not ; which I 
promised I would the first Time I saw him ; and I be- 



8« COLONIAL RECORDS. 

lieved that would not be long, for he now was almost ^^ 
daily dinning me with his Complaints against Mr. Caus- '^^^'^'^ 
ton, of one Sort or other. Late this Evening, another 
Sloop came up the River, laden with divers of the usual 
5orts of Provisions from New York, — — ^— Stenbury 
Master. 

Tuesday. It was not long before I met Mr. Bradley 21. 
again, who followed me Home, and went on in his usual 
Way of Talk, and accusing of Mr. Causton; which he 
^as so full of, that he waited for no Answer from me, to 
any Matters healledged: Wherefore I heard with Patience 
all he thought fit to utter, for the Space of two Hours; 
wherein he rambled, like a Man out of his Senses, from 
one Subjedl to another; sometimes charging the Trustees 
with Non- Performance of the Agreement they had made 
'with him, and afterwards leaving him in the Hands of a 
Person, who it was well known (he said) would be glad 
to see him hanged: Then he would return again to his 
Catalogue of Sufferings thro* Mr. Causton's arbitrary 
and unjust Dealings with him (as he termed it) and with 
rmany dreadful Imprecations, declared his Resolution of 
printing his Case in the Carolina Gazette, and publishing 
the cruel Usage he had met with. From which Violence 
of Passion I expedled he would have confirmed what he 
before had desired me to note, of his Resolution to throw 
up all farther Care about the Germans, &c. but instead 
of that, he told me, that he had considered farther of it, 
and now thought otherwise of it; for he believed, that 
Mr. Causton sought all Ways to make him weary of 
them, and resign that Charge; for which Reason only he 
would not yet do it, that he might have the Pleasure of 
gaining such a point upon him if he did: Though what 
remained of them shortly would not be worth any man's 
having, after they were pickt out every Day that were fit 
for Service; divers of them being taken from him since 
what he told me of Yesterday. Upon my saying, that it 
was the Trustees orders to discharge all such as could 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 89 

either pay for their Passage themselves, or had any Friend ^^^ 
to do it for them; he asked me, whether or not I thought ^^^^^^ 
it was the Trustees Meaning, that any Person had Lib- 
erty to wheedle them away under Colour of doing them 
a Kindness, by paying for their Redemption from their 
present Service; and at the same Time to engage them 
in their own Service by Indenture for the like Time, under 
Pretence of being better treated; whereas they would 
find themselves abundantly more enslaved, and make 
good the Proverb, out of the Frying Pan into the Fire: ' 
To all which he not seeming to expedl any Answer; for 
this Time again we parted: And when he was gone, I 
could not but doubt some of those poor People might 
verify that Proverb. 

Wednesday. This being the Day appointed for another 22. 
Court to be holden, it was opened, as usual, in due Form, 
and a Grand Jury Impanelled; when it was proposed by 
some few of them, that they apprehended they had a 
Right to administer Oaths, and make Enquiry thereon 
of all such Matters as they thought fit to examine into: 
The Tendency of which was easily seen into, and not al- 
lowed of by the Court, which occasioned some Debate: 
And as the Magistrates were pleased to appeal to me for 
my Sentiments therein. I frankly declared, that it ap- 
peared to me contrary to the Usage of all Grand Juries 
in England: That in all wherein I had served, the Wit- 
nesses to the Fadls set forth, whether by Indidlment, or 
otherwise, were indorsed on the Back, and certified to be 
sworn by the Clerk in Court, before they were examined; 
though it must be supposed, many of such Jury were 
a<5ling Justices of the Peace, and qualified to give an 
Oath and record it, on other Occasions: That in this Case 
therefore more particularly, I could not imagine any 
Body of Men capable of administering an Oath, who had 
never any one of them been empowered by the Trustees 
so to do on other Occasions. Upon which they acqui- 
esced; and much the greatest Part of them appeared 



90 CX^LONIAL RECORDS. 

well pleas* d: Only two or three of the Remnant of- the i!^ 
Malecontents seemed disapponited in their Views of ere- ^^^^^ 
ating fresh Trouble, and new Disturbances; which they 
could not fail in (they thought) if they had such a Power 
of Inquisition vested in them. In the Evening, by a 
Pettyagua just arrived from Charles-Town, I had a Let- 
ter from Mr. Hopton there, dated February 6th, to ac- 
quaint me with the last Packet for the Trustees being 
sent by the Prince William, Capt. Adam Montgomery: 
So long was this Pettyagua on her Passage. 

Thursday. Attended the Court, where three ofiEences 28- 
were to be tried, which the Grand Jury had found Bills 
of Presentments against. The first was against one 
Scott, a notorious Retailer of Rum : The Evidence 
against him were two Affidavits, taken from two Persons 
who were now gone to Sea, who swore they drank both 
Punch and plain Drams often, of his and his Wife's 
filling to them, and that they left a Gold Ring as a Pledge 
for payment : To which the Defendant pleaded that they 
were both old Friends of his, whom he had treated ; but 
that they paid nothing and they had the Gold Ring 
again : But it appeared, that the Gold Ring was given 
up after those Affidavits were made, to elude the Law ; 
whereupon pledging any Thing valuable, being to be un- 
derstood for Payment ; the Jury were diredled to find 
him guilty : But they brought in their VerdiA to acquit 
him ; which was so barefaced and scandalous a Proceed- 
ing, they were sent out again, and their Verdidl not ac- 
cepted : But they returned a second Time and persisted ; 
so that this hopeful prosecution was defeated ; but for- 
asmuch as they had divers former Complaints of him of 
various Kinds, the Court now required him to enter into 
his single Recognizance of 50 /. for his good Behaviour ; 
^ which he not readily complying with, he stood commit- 
ted till he did. The next Offender was one Smith, an 
Irishman, Shoemaker, an Inmate at Savannah, who was 
prosecuted for clipping Spanish Bits : The Clippings 



COLONIAL BECOBDS. 91 

were found upon him ; he was taken in uttering some of ^^ 
them when newly clipped ; had little to say for himself, ^^^^^^ 
and was found guilty of the Misdemeanor, The third 
was an idle Woman of the Town, indidled for Petty- 
Larceny, in stealing a Shirt ; for which she also was 
found guilty : But the People here will not yet easily 
think Rum-selling a Crime, till some can be brought to 
understand it with Severity. In the Afternoon the Cause 
came on to be tried betwixt Watson and Matthews, 
which had been a pretty while depending. Mr. Causton 
very opportunely was taken with a sore Throat ; which 
gave him Handle for a fair Excuse to be absent from 
this Trial, and which he was otherwise determined not 
to sit as Judge in, having been basely traduced by Wat- 
son, as a partial and prejudiced Man against him. This 
Trial was intricate and tedious, being wholly on fair 
stating an Account of Partnership betwixt them ; and 
after the Court had sat till late at Night, observing that 
no evidence was to be produced more than Books of 
Accompts, I took the Liberty (though a Spe<5tator only) 
to propose, that the Court might leave it to the Jury to 
examine those Books and Accompts themselves, leaving 
it to them to meet when and where they pleased to look 
into it, and inform their own Judgments upon the Whole ; 
only limiting (hem to a fixed Time for their Returning 
to Court, and make such a Report of their Proceedings 
as might enable the Court to give a Charge to the Jury 
according to Law, whereon to find ther Verdidl. The 
Proposition was approved by the Court and all Parties ; 
so they adjourned. 

Friday. Mr. Causton acquainted me with Mr. Brad- 34. 
ley's having made some extraordinary Demands on him 
for divers Kinds of Provisions out of his Stbres ; where- 
upon he was making up his Accompts to the latter End 
of December last, in order to send it to the Trustees, 
by which they might see how far he had exceeded his 
Allowance as per Agreement with the Trustees ; which 



92 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Allowance he showed me, as he was advised from Mr. vl^ 
Verelst in his Letter dated in March last : And even *'«*>™*'y 
now, he said, Mr. Bradley had already exceeded his Al- 
lowance for a Quarter ending the 25th of March next, 
though one Third of the Quarter was yet to come ; so 
that he knew not what to do with him : Nevertheless, if 
he would let him know at once what his demand was, 
and make such Demand in Writing, he would let him 
have it ; otherwise he would not go on any farther as he 
had done, en deavoring to please a Man whom nothing 
he could do would satisfy. I could say little to it, not 
knowing what objeAions to make, nor on what Footing 
Mr. Bradley might found his Demands beyond what ap- 
peared in Mr. Verelst's Letter : But I plainly saw it was 
not possible^ for me to mediate between them to any 
good Purpose, they were now become so irreconcilable. 
Notwithstanding the hopes which I had conceived of the 
Grand Jury's acquiescing in the Opinion I had given 
about their Power of administering Oaths, Mr. Causton 
told me he had private Information that they had as- 
sumed it to themselves, and examined one or two there- 
upon ; but not finding any Thing which they thought 
worth their Notice, they laid nothing which they enquired 
into "before the Court. I attended the Court again all 
this Afternoon, where I observed every Thing done with 
good Order and Care. 

Saturday. Mr. Bradley sent his Son to me, sadly com- 35. 
plaining of Want of Provisions, which Mr. Causton had 
refused them; andmoreover, that the Beef which they had 
last, was so bad, and stunk, that it was not to be eaten: 
Furthermore, that the Work about the Trust's House 
which was building, was wholly stopt, Mr. Causton re- 
fusing to pay the Workmen. I talked with Mr. Causton 
soon after upon it; and he told me in Answer to the 
first Part, the same that he had said Yesterday; that 
notwithstanding his great Exceedings already, he would 
yet supply him on those Terms (which were easy for Mr. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 93 

Bradley to comply with, if he pleased) and not other- ^^ 
wise; for he would have as little to do as possible with a ^®^^*''^ 
Man who from Day to Day made it his Business to give 
him all the Vexation he could ; and as for the bad Beef 
which he knew nothing of, being given out in the ordi- 
nary Course among others, he said, Mr. Bradley well 
knew, that whenever such an Accident happened in Re- 
ality, they had never refused to take it again from him, or 
any others. The Reason why he had made some Stop- 
page in Payment of such as worked about the House, 
proceeded from an Observation, that the Man who was 
employed in calking the Top of it, he thought did not 
follow his Work; and that he had been urgent with that 
Man to make some Computation what Time it would take 
for him to complete it; but that he was surly thereupon, 
and imagining Mr. Causton had nothing to do with him, 
being employed by Mr. Bradley, he refused to make any 
such Computation; Wherefore as his Day- Wages was very 
large, Mr. Causton was of Opinion, it was his Duty to be 
cautious how the publick Money was earned, which he 
was to pay: And as for the other Workmen employed, 
he had never refused them Payment, provided it was cer- 
tified to him by Mr. Bradley how much was due. In 
the Evening Mr. Bradley called on me himself; when I 
acquainted him with my having talked to Mr. Caustdn, 
and told him what his Answers were, to the several Par- 
ticulars which he had desired me to be informed in. Ad- 
ams the Butcher suing Mr. Bradley for a Debt upwards 
of 6/. Sterling (vide 20th Instant) it came on this Day to 
be heard before the Court; when Mr. Bradley's Plea was, 
that it was not a Debt of his, but the Trustees, which 
Mr. Causton should have paid: Whereupon the Court 
sent to Mr. Causton (who had kept Home since Wednes- 
day by Reason of much Indisposition) desiring, if he 
could, that he would come and give Evidence in that 
Affair: Mr. Causton went accordingly, and gave his Ev- 
idence as a private Man on his Oath, at the End of the 
Clerk's Table; which consisting mostly of written Or- 



y 



94 COLONIAL BECOBDS. 

ders to him from the Trustees, and his Voice failing him, ^^ 
by Reason of a great Hoarseness, such Parts of those ^«^™*'y 
Papers as he pointed out, which any ways related to Mr. 
Bradley, were publickly read to the Court and Jury; who 
thereupon, without any further Hesitation, gave their 
^Verdidl against the Defendant. The Court, after having 
gone through* what was before them, sentenced the Fel- 
low for Clipping to be three Times whipped; and the 
Woman for Petty Larceny once: Then they adjourned 
pro forma till Monday, intending to do so de Die in Diem 
till the Jury had finished that long, intricate Affair before 
them, relating to Watson and Matthews. 

Sunday. The Church continued to be supplied by Mr, ae. 
Dyson. 

Monday. Walked in the Morning to look a little into 27. 
what was done about clearing more Land, and leaving my 
Son to continue a while there, and set out what I would 
have next done, I returned Home about Noon, making 
the rest of the Day out in preparing what I had to send 
by the first Opportunity to the Trustees; which I was 
told by Mr. Causton would be in a few Days; but I could 
yet be at no Certainty when he would be ready with his 
own Dispatches; wherefore I was obliged to wait for that. 

Tuesday. The Jury which had the Affair of Watson 28. 
and Matthews before them, that was so intricate as to 
take up several Days Time, for their close Examination 
into Accounts &c. gave their Verdidl this Morning into 
publick Court, which had been kept open since Saturday 
purposely to wait for it: And it appeared, that their 
Pains had been well bestowed, though so long about it; 
and after all that, they were enclosed Yesterday in the 
Evening, and it was Day-Light this Morning before they 
could all agree. From Watson's giving out in common 
Talk, what great Sums were due to him from that Part- 
nership with Musgrave, great Expedlations were raised 



ObWtttJiL &BCOSDS; 96 

what wouid be the event; but the Surprise was equal, ^^ 
when at last it was known, that Matthews was adjudged '•^j^^'^ 
to ^ pay only 10 /. Currency in full of all Accounts be- 
twixt Watson and him; which the Jury desiring might 
be done immediately in Court, and Watson thereupon to 
sign a full Discharge, which would shew they were both 
satisfied With the Verdidl: It was readily done by both, 
and both declared themselves well pleased: Which has 
fixed such a Character on Watson, of being a pompous 
Trifler at best, if not something worse, that it is thought 
he will not easily get quit of: And the Jury very dis- 
creetly moved the Court, that it might be a Rule hence- 
forward, for Plaintiff and Defendant to make up their 
own Accounts upon any adlion brought, and not expedl 
to make that the Work of a Jury; since here was such a 
shameful Instance, how much Time it had taken up such 
a Number of Men to go through this, and any litigious 
Man might in like Manner find the same Employment 
for others; wherein the Court concurred. Another Sloop 
laden with Provisions from New York came up this Day, 
whereof Mr. Provost's Brother had the Charge as Super- 
cargo. 

Wednesday. More Complaint from Mr. Bradley, who March 
brought with him one Sheftal (a Jew, that had been ap- 
pointed Interpreter betwixt him and his Germans) to 
testify the Truth of what he Alledged ; which principally 
was relating to their being sent for out of the publick 
Service they were in under his Diredlion, and the ill 
Treatment the rest of them found from the Stores, who 
continued with him : As an Instance of the first, he said, 
that no longer since than Yesterday, two or three of 
them were called away from their Work at a Minute's 
Warning, by Mr. Causton's Order, when they were at 
plough upon the Trust-Land, in order to enter into an- 
other Service, which occasioned the Plough to stand 
still ; and as to the second, to discourage them what 
they could, they had sent them such Cloth for Shirting 



96 COLONIAL BECX)BDS. 

as was fitter for Sacking, whilst others who worked else- i^ 
where were served with such as was very good : The ^*^^ 
Witness acknowledged that it was so, but upon Com- 
plaint made of it, it was changed, and they had better ; 
and the other Charge about the Plough he could say 
very little or nothing to. Mr. Bradley desired I would 
take particular Notice of this, which I promised him ; 
and upon his farther telling me, that some of those Peo- 
ple had been persuaded to take Jews for their Masters, 
in Exchange for the Trust ; I could not but be somewhat 
shocked at it, to think of Christians becoming Bondmen 
to those Infidels, and I doubted it would be ill looked 
on by every Body in the Communion of our Church. In 
the Evening Mr. Causton told me, he expedled a Man 
from among the Saltzburghers at Ebenezer to-morrow, 
who was going for London, and thence to Germany, on 
some Affairs of that Settlement, and that he intended to 
send his Dispatches by him to the Trustees, whom he 
was to wait on from the Settlement with divers Letters ; 
and that Monsieur Bolzius, their Minister, had recom- 
mended this Person to him, as one he might safely con- 
fide in to deliver what he was entrusted with : Therefore 
he hoped I should be ready, for the Man could not stay : 
I made answer, that I should give him no Occasion, for 
I had closed what I had to send two Days since ; and 
had it not« been that I waited when he himself would 
think fit to write, I had wished for an Opportunity to do it 
this ten Days past. I could not avoid some little Reflexion 
within myself hereupon : It was apparent to me, that 
Mr. Bolzius acquainted Mr. Causton with this Occasion, 
when he came last to our Town from Ebenezer, which 
was a Week past ; and though I often importuned Mr . 
Causton to tell me if he intended to send any Dispatches 
to the Trust soon, and when ; he never would explain 
himself to me farther, than to say shortly, or in a little 
Time : From whence I found I had a Waiter's Post ; and 
now at last he was ready to send off his own Packet, with- 
out giving me twenty-four Hours Notice. 



COLONIAL BECOBDS. ' 97 

1788 

Thursday, Towards Noon, Mr. Causton sent me Word wv-^ 
the Man was ready who was to carry our Letters, and by «• 
this Time I had got Knowledge, that he had been in 
Town two Days. I did not delay him five Minutes, but 
went instantly, and joining mine with Mr. Causton's, they 
were all sewed up in a Cloth, dire<Sled to the Georgia 
Office, and delivered to the Man whose Name was George 
St. Leaver, by whom I wrote a Letter to Mr. Hopton at 
Charles-Town, recommending him to his Care to see that 
he was a Passenger in the first Ship bound for London, 
and desiring Mr. Hopton to write me the Ship's Name, and 
the Captain's, and when she sailed. In the Afternoon 
the Man went in Company with Mr. Provost down the 
River, to go aboard his Brig, which had cleared here, and 
was now at Tybee bound for Charles-Town. 

Friday. Resolving now to devote a few Days to Agri- ». 
culture, I spent great Part of this in attending that Work. 
Mr. Brown's Servant at Highgate (of whom Notice be- 
fore has been taken) dying Yesterday, the Recorder exe- 
cuted the Office of Coroner ; and this Day an Inquest 
was summoned, who sat upon him, and late at Night 
brought it in Manslaughter. 

Saturday. Betook myself to the same Employment. *. 
Mr. Causton went to his Country-House; and nothing 
occurred worth Note all Day. 

Sunday. Mr. Dyson continued to perform the Offices 6. 
of the Church. 

Monday. Attended my People again at their Work : e. 
and the Season for planting being now at hand, I caused 
them to revise what was done, and amend what I thought 
was not cleared so perfectly as I would have it. The 
same Day I began first with about 150 small Mulberry- 
Plants, which I set in an Angle of the Ground as a small 
Nursery, where I expelled they would take good Root, 

7 c r— T 4 



98 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

and be ready against the Fall of the Leaf to transplant in ^^ 
such a Disposition, as I thought proper for their future ^|^^ 
Continuance. Mr. Causton returned to Town in the 
Evening. A Sloop arrived laden with Provision from 
New- York, consigned to Mr. Minas. 

Tuesday. Mr. Causton sat awhile with me, conferring 7. 
on various Matters ; among others, he was sure not to 
forget divers Passages betwixt him and Mr. Bradley of 
late, all of a Piece with many taken Notice of before ; so 
that no Peace henceforward could be expedled from that 
Quarter, one studying to make the other uneasy in every 
Thing they had to do. By a Person just come to Town 
(last from Port-Royal) we learnt, that two Ships from 
England arrived at Charles-Town about ten Days ago, 
which put us upon earnest Expectation of some Letters ; 
but according to the usual Way of Letters coming, it was 
too soon to look for them yet from Charles-Town, in case 
there were any ; and possibly a Fortnight to come yet, 
might produce some Certainty. The late extream Varia- 
tion of Weather, more than common here, may not im- 
properly be taken Notice of; several Days past being 
hot to a very great Degree, equal to May, and the Wind 
coming this Night out of the N. W. and blowing a hard 
Gale, occasioned such a sudden and severe Frost, as is 
but seldom seen in the depth of Winter in England, Water 
standing in Pans or Basons within Doors, being frozen 
entirely into a solid Lump of Ice. This puts us under 
some Fears and Apprehensions, lest the young Orange- 
Trees and other tender Plants may suffer much. 

Wednesday. Hard Frost again this Morning. I s 
walked to see my Husbandry going on about three 
Miles. At my Return towards Evening, Mr. Causton 
called on me again, and Bradley again was the principal 
Theme: He now told me, that whereas among the Ger- 
mans under his Care, there was one Shoemaker, whom 
at Mr. Bradley's Request he had entrusted with some 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 99 

Leather out of the Stores, in order to make Shoes for the ^^ 
Trust's Servants; expeAing to know what Shoes he had ^f^^ 
made, that they might be brought to Account, Mr. Bradley 
had by Violence taken what Shoes were made out of the 
Fellow's Hand, and disposed of them as he saw fit, 
without accounting for any; which (as he apprehended) 
was against all Rule and Order, laying a Way open to 
defraud the Trust, &c. wherefore knowing such a Man, 
if well employed, might be of good Service, he would 
send for him, and certify to Mr. Bradley, that he had 
discharged him from that Service which he was in : As 
Mr. Causton (I thought) seemed to expedl my Opinion 
in what he had done, I was ready to believe the Man 
would be usefully employed for the Publick, and his 
Work regularly brought to Account ; but how far he 
might be said stri<5lly to pursue the Orders he had re- 
ceived, about discharging any of those People in such 
Manner, I had some Doubt. 

Thursday. Mr. Causton went this Morning ; and I 9. 
found Employment at Home: One Mr. Ryan (Partner 
with Mr. Ellis of Philadelphia) came and delivered me a 
Letter from Mr. Hopton at Charles-Town; from whence 
he made it an eight Days Passage, in a Sloop which he 
had taken upon Freight there, and laden her with such 
Sort of Provision as he had first imported thither from 
Pensilvania, whereof this was the Surplus that was not 
disposed of in Carolina: The Sloop lay yet at Tybee, 
and he expedled her up in a Tide or two. Nothing stir- 
ring in Town worth Remark, but all in profound Peace 
and Quiet, to a Degree which I had not hitherto ob- 
served; and a pretty many of the Freeholders now 
grown a little better humoured, I took Notice were mak- 
ing Preparation for planting, and seemed to go about it 
with good Will: Which I am fully persuaded most of the 
same Men would have gone about sooner, and done 
more, had they been left to themselves, and not influ- 
enced by such as they now began to be ashamed of. 



100 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

The Wind shifting about towards the South,the Weather 2^ 
changed with it, and g^ew more temperate, agreeable to ^X.^ 
the Season, after another severe Frost in the Morning. 

Friday. A Rainy Day confined all at Home: Mr. »• 
Causton in the Country; and nothing happened observ- 
able. 

Saturday. The Court sat again per Adjournment, u. 
where I attended, and the Business chiefly was to set 
Fines upon all such as were Defaulters in appearing to 
serve on Juries at the last Sitting, as they had been sum- 
moned, and now were again, to offer what they had to 
say in Excuse; the Court observing, that through too 
much Lenity in allowing such Negledl of Duty to pass 
impune, too many were apt to make light of it : Some 
Excuses were allowed; and where not, the Fines were 
easy, two Shillings for not attending: Two only (some 
of the Remnant of the late Mutineers) behaved some- 
what indecently, and let fall some Expressions, which 
the Court shewed great Easiness in passing over ; too 
much indeed, as I thought, and as I frankly told them 
afterwards; for the Construdlion such Men are apt to 
make of Indulgence undeserved, is to imagine a daring 
Behaviour may terrify the Bench: Wherefore for the 
future if it happens that any Affront is offered to the 
Courjt, it would undoubtedly be advisable to lay hold of 
one of the most Audacious, and commit him to Prison ; 
there to lie a few days for an Example, and learn 
how unable they are to help him who first taught 
him to treat Magistracy with Contempt. Mr. Caus- 
ton came to Town about the Time of the Court's 
Rising; and it was of late become pretty usual with 
him to leave the ordinary Affairs of the Magistracy 
to his Brethren, which he gave two Reasons for, 
namely, the Multiplicity of other Business, and the 
Clamour lately raised against him by a Party, for adling 
(as they termed it) partially and arbitrarily; whereof he 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 101 

knew a Representation, signed by a great many, was ^^!^ 
sent to the Trustees in September last; the Event of ^Jif*" 
which he wished to see, and in the mean Time did not 
care to adl on the Bench oftener than Need required; 
but in any arduous Case, where the others desired his 
Assistance, he would be always ready: And as well be- 
fore the Court sat as after, I observed they generally had 
a private Conference. 

Sunday. Mr. Dyson continued to officiate at Church. la. 
Mr. Bradley meeting me in my Return from a Walk in 
the Garden in the Evening, had with him one of the 
Germans, who had lately quitted the Trust's Service un- 
der him, in Exchange for that of Mr. Williamson, which 
he told me the Man was already weary of, and wanted to 
come back to him; wherefore at his Desire I asked the 
Fellow about it, whether it was of his own Seeking, or 
not; and he told me it was: But when I asked the Rea- 
son of it, he could find none of any Weight, only that 
he was allowed no Sugar to his Rice, and such like idle 
Complaints: I told them both that I did not care to 
meddle with it ; and moreover, I did not see who could 
discharge him from Mr. Williamson, whom 1 supposed 
he had voluntarily bound himself to by Indenture, upon 
Mr. Williamson's first paying his Passage &c. pursuant 
to the Trust's Order: But upon his saying that he had 
yet signed no such Indenture, neither would he, I would 
ask no more Question, but left them to themselves ; and 
Mr. Bradley ordered him to go to the publick Work un- 
der him, as he had been before: He was a Taylor by 
Trade; and the Shoemaker, of whom Mr. Causton spoke 
to me on Wednesday last, having been asked since by 
Mr. Causton, whether he would rather chuse to work for 
the Trust at his Trade in the Stores, than where he was, 
showed no Inclination to change: Another also who was 
a Joiner, and employed by Bradley in making some Cu- 
riosities in his new Garden; being offered to work at his 
Trade in the Trust's Work elsewhere, did not appear fond 



J 



102 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

of it at present; but both of them said, they hoped Mr. ^^ 
Causton would take them under his Care when they ^f^^ 
sought it; which he promised, and engaged them to ac- 
quaint him from Time to Time, what Work they did, and 
what Mr. Bradley employed them about. Mr. Causton 
went to Ockstead about Noon. 

Monday. Mr. Williamson with me early this Morning, u. 
from his Uncle Causton's at Ockstead, to enquire of me 
what passed relating to him, at my meeting Mr. Bradley 
last Night; (whereof he had quick Intelligence) and upon 
my relating it to him, he said, he was very well pleased 
to part with such a Servant, whom he had found hard to 
please, and thought he was to expedl little Good from. 
I then took a Walk to look into what my People were do- 
ing in the Country; and he gave me his Company for a 
while there, but after a short Stay left me, and returned 
again to Ockstead: I continued there good Part of the 
Day; and when I came Home, made out the Remainder 
of it with my Pen and Ink. 

Tuesday. Mr. Causton came to Town again this Morn- u. 
ing; and calling on me, we had a pretty long Conference 
together. I found he was a little picqu'd at the Thoughts 
of Mr. Bradley's seeming to triumph on his carrying off 
his Nephew Williamson's Man; and therefore told me 
he had sent for the Fellow again, and ordered him to 
work at the Crane: I resolved not to intermeddle any far- 
ther betwixt them, feeling plainly, that neither would fail to 
take any Advantage they could find to make the other 
uneasy, and carry their Resentments to the utmost Ex- 
tremity. Several People who were now in Earnest about 
cultivating Land, had lately told me, they feared they 
should be disappointed in their getting Potatoes, not 
knowing where to buy them; and there were none in the 
Stores: This I acquainted Mr. Causton with, and told 
him that I doubted it would be a great Baulk upon sev- 
eral poor Men whom I was glad to see now well em- 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 103 

ployed on their Lots, but had no other Dependence than ^^^ 
the Stores for wherewith to plant them: He said he had ^^^^ 
lately sent to enquire for Potatoes, which were grown 
very scarce, wherefore I could not but wish he had thought 
of it sooner, for it would be great Pity the People should 
meet with any Disappointment, at a Time when it ap- 
peared there was a good Spirit lately sprung up among 
them; and they knew there was a large Supply of those 
Things lately sent out of the Stores for Frederica, with- 
out leaving any of that Kind for planting at Savannah. 

Wednesday. What was most remarkable, and I ob- ^• 
served with Pleasure, was a thin Town; many People who 
were used to spend a good Part of their Time either 
idling, or doing worse, were now at their proper Employ- 
ment, and busy at their Lots; so that I had every Day 
more and more Hopes, that I should be able at last to 
write something more satisfactory of them to the Trus- 
tees than I once expedled; especially as I had in my 
Letter to them lately said, that I would defer giving 
them an Account of our Improvements in this Neighbor- 
hood, till I could see what was done this Season. Mr. 
Brownjohn (whom I formerly numbered among the Male- 
contents, but of a more pliable Disposition, as I thought 
than many of them; and being an industrious Man, I 
was of Opinion was worth being reduced to a better Way 
of thinking; and therefore I had shown him some little 
Marks of Distindlion occasionally. Vide February i8, &c.) 
Upon his complaining to me a little while since, that he 
had a Servant sent him from England by Capt. Daubuz, 
whom he had not ready Money to pay for his Passage, 
for which Reason Daubuz had empowered another Man 
to take Payment of him within a short limited Time, or 
to take the Servant again from him, and dispose of him 
elsewhere; Brownjohn at the same Time saying, it was 
very hard upon him to lose his Servant for Want of such 
a small Sum, when he had much more owing him from 
the Publick, which he shewed me an Account of in 



104 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Writing; and though I could not pretend to determine il^ 
from thence how much was really due, or what Deduc- ^^^ 
tions might be made; yet I was so far of Opinion he had 
some Demand, that at his Request I promised to speak 
to Mr. Causton in his Favour, so far as appeared 
just: And thereupon I had talked with Mr. Causton of 
it; who after acknowledging, that he believed there might 
be something due to him, though not equal to what he 
set forth; and that he had not behaved so well as to de- 
serve any Favour at his Hands; he then asked me frankly, 
what I would advise him to do, or what I would do were 
I in his Place; and without any Scruple I answered, that 
in Consideration of the late Disposition I had found him 
in, to be easy and tractable, which I believed was his 
natural Temper, though he had been led astray by some 
of more Cunning, I should incline to do him such good 
Office, laying aside farther Resentment at present, for 
former Miscarriages; and making Trial what good effedl 
such mild Treatment would have upon him, or others 
who were the like valuable, and so disposed: All 
which I apprehended Mr. Causton assented to, by his de- 
siring me, when I saw Brownjohn next, to send him to 
him. After these Things had passed, Brownjohn now 
came to me, telling me he had been to wait on Mr. Caus- 
ton, as I advised him, expecSling to be kindly received; 
but that at first Sight he began reproaching him with 
many Things past, charging him with being one among 
others in forming a Petition against him to the Trustees; 
(which Brownjohn with Solemn Asseverations denied he 
had ever seen, or had any Hand in) and accusing him of 
many other Crimes ; which insisting upon, Brownjohn as 
warmly denied in his own Vindication; till at length Mr. 
Causton (he said) fell into a great Passion, telling him he 
would humble him, and bring the rest of his Compan- 
ions to submission with him, in Spite of their Teeth, and 
so he went off re infeSla. I could not avoid some uneasy 
Thoughts at hearing this, for fear the Consequence 
might be, to kindle again a fresh Animosity among divers, 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 105 

when they saw no Forgiveness was to be expelled ; and }J^ 
this at a Time when the late Ferment (I thought) was ^^^ 
happily subsiding. 

Thursday. This Day I set apart again to attend my i6. 
own People at their Work; and Bailiff Parker was so 
kind to accompany me, whose Experience I had good 
Regard to: We spent the best Part of the Day there; 
and in our Way Home meeting Mr. Minas, a Jew Free- 
holder, who had been employing himself in the best Man- 
ner; after a few Words, wishing Success, &c. Minas said 
he had little Encouragement to undertake any Thing, 
for the Land he was at work upon, was so frequently 
under Water, that it was produdlive of nothing, unless it 
could be drained; which he was attempting at such an 
Expense, as he had little Reason to Expedl it would pay 
him again; nevertheless he should think the less of that, 
if he did not find himself unkindly used otherwise: I 
asked him wherein; and he told us in his late dealing 
with the Stores, where he had been an Importer of di- 
vers Kinds of useful and necessary Provisions consigned 
to him from New-York, equally good with others, and 
unexceptionable; but that he was obliged to sell them at 
a lower Price Ihan was given to others, both before and 
after, or else they would not be taken at all: Notwithstand- 
ing which, he had lately made another Adventure of the 
same Sort, and imported a Loading of choice good Com- 
modities, such as was brought by others; but it would 
not be taken at any Rate ; the Reason given was, that 
they were fully supplied, and wanted no more: Yet in a 
few Days after another Sloop came, that was a Stranger, 
and no Scruple was made of taking all she brought; 
whilst he who was one of the Town was forced to take 
all his Cargo into private Stores: From whence he in- 
ferred, that a Stranger might expedl good Usage, but 
the same must not be looked for by one of us. I could 
not be well pleased to hear such a Tale ; and I liked it 
the less, because the Man who related it has a fair Char- 



106 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

adler, of being an industrious, honest Man: But I made ^^ 
little Reply, presuming Mr. Causton was not without a ^JJf** 
Reason for all he did; who went in the Evening (as I 
heard) to Ockstead. 

Friday. Mr. Bradley with me this Morning, accom- n. 
panied by Mr. Mercer. He seemed to make some Apol- 
ogy, for such frequent Visits, which he meant should in- 
form me of the unparallelled Severities he met with from 
Mr. Causton, who now (he said) had exceeded all hith- 
erto; for that he had absolutely refused to deliver any 
Provisions of any Kind out of the Stores for himself, or 
Children, or Servants; alledging, that he did not iind his 
Name in the Establishment sent him by the Trustees, 
and he would have nothing to do with him; so that now 
he was in the utmost Extremity, and knew not where to 
get a Dinner any Day, unless it were with one or other 
of his Neighbors; which Mr. Mercer was ready to tes- 
tify. Necessity now (he said) compelled him to do what 
he was very unwilling; and he had no other Refuge to 
subsist, but by killing one of the Trust's Steers for food, 
which he desired me to take Notice of; and all that I 
had to take Notice of was, that I hoped he would con- 
sider well what he was about. He then told me he had 
some Business which would call him to Charles-Town, if 
I had any Service there, and so we parted. 

Saturday. Mr. Causton came to Town this Morning; is. 
and Mr. Amory waiting his coming (as I advised him) 
acquainted him with what he had often before com- 
plained of to him and me ; namely, that he thought it 
very hard after so long Time being here, he could not 
get any Land ascertained to him, or given him in Posses- 
sion, by being duly run out, according as he had agreed 
with the Trustees; which occasioned a great Loss of 
Time to him and his Servants, after their first Arrival; and 
Mr. Causton having after some Time authorized him ver- 
bally to sit down on a Piece of Land, and cultivate it. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 107 

telling him he might assure himself of a good Title to it; ^^ 
which accordingly he has been at great Pains and Ex- ^Jal* 
pence about: After all this, notwithstanding he is daily 
told by one or other, that he is only improving Land 
which he will find taken from him again: Therefore he 
desired Mr. Causton would put some End or other to his 
Doubts, and let him finally know what he had to trust to, 
by making the Surveyor run out his Land; or otherwise 
he must conclude, that it was intended to trick him, as 
he understood divers had been mislead after the same 
Manner before. Upon this Mr. Causton sent for the Sur- 
veyor, and ordered him to do it; and a Day was appoint- 
ed by Jones and Amory to meet and go about it. 

Sunday. Mr. Dyson continued to officiate at Church. i9. 
A Sloop came up with divers Sorts of Provisions, many 
of which were pretty scarce with us, particularly Corn 
for Seed; But no Potatoes yet to be had, which was likely 
to prove a great Disappointment at this planting Season: 
The Sloop came from some of the Northern Plantations, 
and had called in and disposed of great Part of her 
Cargo by the Way, but what she had left was very wel- 
come: Monro Master. 

Monday. Very cold Weather, with high Winds, and 20. 
frosty Nights returning again, gave us a melancholy 
Prospedl what would be the End of it, in relation to all 
tender Plants; and the Silk Worms coming Abroad in 
spite of all Endeavors to retard them, many of them 
must inevitably perish for Want of Leaves; the Mulber- 
ries which first put forth being all nipt with the Frost; 
and the next Buds not yet opening, by reason of so un- 
kind a Spring. Sitting an Hour with Mr. Causton in 
the Afternoon, considering of divers Matters that re- 
quired it; Brownjohn accidentally called, to let us know, 
that he had been in pursuit of some Runaway Servants 
lately fled^ and taken two out of four; and that some 
others (he heard) had taken the other two; I took occa- 



108 COLONIAL RECORDS, 

sion to touch a little upon what passed betwixt him and itbs. 
Mr. Causton on Wednesday last; and after a little fresh March 
Skirmishing betwixt them, and Brownjohn's insisting 
upon it that he had shown as hearty a good Will to pro- 
mote the Good of the Colony, as any one Man of his 
Rank in it (which was not denied) and moreover that he 
was still the same Man, and should always be desirous 
to live in Peace, and follow his own Business; Mr. Caus- 
ton granted his Request, to pay for the Passage of his 
Servant; which I was glad to see, and could not help 
wishing, that every Man in Town, who had as good In- 
tention to make the same Use of a Servant as he would, 
were provided in the same Manner. 

Tuesday. Hard Gales of Wind still, and a very dry ai 
Season; nevertheless I had the Satisfaction to see Plant- 
ing go on with Diligence, beyond what I once expedled. 
My Son having been lately up the River, to look into 
some of the adjacent Plantations, brought me Word, that 
he understood Capt. Pat. McKay had taken a sudden Res- 
olution to be doing something again about his Land at 
Joseph's Town, and was setting People at Work to plant 
what he had already cleared there, though he meant to 
meddle with no more, and it was suspe(5led that he would 
make Use of some of his Negroes on the Carolina Side 
of the River, whom he might send over for that Purpose. 
My Son farther told me, that he heard the Captain had 
brought over a good Number of Cattle to range in the 
Woods on this Side the Water at different Places, and 
had placed some Servants at Sir Francis Bathurst's and 
Augustin's (at present unoccupied) to take Care of them; 
where they had taken Possession of what Houses or 
Huts they found, to live in. Soon after I acquainted 
Mr. Causton with it. 

Wednesday. Mr. Robert Williams and I meeting in 22. 
our Walk towards our Plantations, he fell into Discourse 
with me, partly in relation to several Bickerings lately 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 109 

betwixt him and Mr. Causton on various Occasions; which vi^ 
I could not form a Judgment of, who was most in the ^^^ 
right; but I found it was mostly about Matters of Ac- 
count, wherein I presumed one might think the other too 
tenacious; wherefore I said little to it: But was more at- 
tentive to what he said afterwards; when he told me he 
had run out some Lands in Carolina, about fifteen hun- 
dred Acres; that his Title had passed through all the 
Offices in due Form, but was stopt at last by Colonel 
Bull, who refused to pass it as President, alledging that 
he thought it would not be agreeable to Mr. Oglethorpe 
for any, of the Colony here to settle on Lands in Caro- 
lina, which he said was all the Reason he gave for stop- 
ping it; and then flew into a great Passion, protesting, 
that no Man upon Earth should compel him to relinquish 
what was his Right, or hinder him from going where he 
thought fit; that he had been at great Expences in Im- 
provements in Georgia, and had suffered very much by 
them; nevertheless he was still going on in Hopes of 
better Encouragement, which if he failed of, he must do 
better where he could, and would not be a Prisoner any 
where: All which was of a Piece with what had been the 
Drift of his Discourse a long while; and Negroes was 
at the End of it. All that I had to say to it was, that I 
hoped the Time was coming, when he might have an Op- 
portunity to open his Mind freely to Mr. Oglethorpe 
himself concerning any of those Matters, who would 
hear him, and give him such an answer as was requisite^ 

Thursday. Being intent now upon my own little 28. 
Affairs of Cultivation and Planting; and nothing of Mo- 
ment requiring my immediate Attendance in Town, I spent 
all this Day entirely Abroad: When I returned in the 
Evening, I heard Mr. Causton had sought to speak with 
me; but missing me, he was gone to Ockstead. 

Friday. Mr. Causton called on me this Morning as 24. 
soon as he came to Town, and shewed me a Letter he 



110 COLONIAL RECORDS- 

had received from Mr. McPherson, Captain of the Ran- ^^SL 
gers, wrote in an insolent and bullying Stile; wherein he ^fj®^ 
told him, that as the Six Months were now expiring, 
which his People had engaged for, they would not con- 
tinue on the same Terms; and unless Mr. Causton would 
comply with sundry Particulars required, as well relating 
to himself as his Men (most of which appeared to me 
to be exorbitant Demands) he would bid him farewell, 
and desired he would send somebody to take Charge of 
Fort Argyle: To which he expecSled his positive and full 
Answer on or before the 25th. I asked Mr. Causton, 
whether he had already sent him such an Answer (the 
Time and Occasion admitting of no Delay) and he told 
me he had; whereof he shewed me a Copy, desiring my 
Opinion; and on Perusal of it, I found he had so far 
given him Satisfadlion about it, as to leave it to McPher- 
son himself to make the best Terms with his Men that 
he could; and promising to conform to all that he insisted 
on besides, as far as it was in his Power; Which I readily 
concurred with him in. Necessity having no Law; and un- 
doubtedly it would be better justified so to do, than risk 
the abandoning that Fort, and dissolving the Company: 
Though we were both sensible that the Captain himself 
otherwise merited little Indulgence, being very seldom 
with his Men upon any Duty; making the Post a Sort of 
Sine-Cure, and putting so much Pay in his Pocket for 
little or nothing done. Mr. Causton also shewed me an- 
other Letter newly received out of the Indian Nations 
(from what Hand I could not learn) direcSled to the prin- 
cipal Commander in Georgia, wherein was a Letter from 
the Governor of Virginia, directed to the principal Offi- 
cer in Carolina, importing the great warlike Preparations 
the French were making with the Chodlaw Indians, 
against the Chicasaws; and it was to be apprehended 
they had farther Views, &c. The Letter from the Gov- 
ernor of Virginia, was dated so long since as in August 
last; so we judged it of little Significance now; but it 
was pretty remarkable what Diligence had been used by 



COLONIAL RECORDS- • 111 

the Government of Carolina to impart the Advices re- ^Sl 
ceived from Virginia to this Province. Mr. Brownfield's ^^^ 
Wife died this Afternoon. 

Saturday. Taking a Walk this Morning to my People 25. 
Abroad, Mr. Causton joined Company, and went with 
me Part of the Way; when we fell into various Discourse, 
mostly tending towards the advancing the publick Serv- 
ice, and communicating our Sentiments freely, upon the 
different Motives which we apprehended some People 
about us were influenced by, and which had created so 
much Disturbance. It was equally our Opinion, that the 
greatest remaining Root of Discontent now, was among 
the Club which met constantly at the Tavern, mostly 
Scotchmen (as I before observed) but promiscuous also, 
and open to any that would come, in the Manner of a 
Coffee-House, where every one called for what he liked: 
And usually once or twice a Week, I made it my Choice 
to go and sit an Hour among them; thinking it right to 
mix now and then with all Sorts indifferently, whereby 
I might the better be informed of the Disposition of 
People, and make the better Judgment what they drove 
at: And some of them indeed would often with so much 
Warmth lay themselves open, that it was not very diffi- 
cult to see through their Meaning; as I have observed 
in my Letters to the Trust. Mr. Samuel Brown, one of 
our Indian Traders, being newly come to Town out of 
the Cherokee Nation, principally to take some Advice 
about a Wound which he got in his Head among his 
Fellow Traders, was at the Club this Evening, when I 
went thither, and he gave me the following Relation, 
viz. That besides the five hundred Acres of Land he had 
at Augusta, and which he was intent upon improving of 
there was a small Island lying in the River, betwixt that 
and New-Windsor (and therefore in the Province of 
Georgia) which he said Mr. Oglethorpe had granted him 
to hold by Lease, and that he had put several People 
upon it to cultivate Land; but that the Carolina Gov- 



112 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

ernor of New-Windsor had taken an Opportunity to ^^ 
drive all his Men off, alledging, that it was a Part of Car- ^'^^ 
olina, and he* would plant it himself. I could say little 
to it, but thought it worth Notice here. Mr. Causton 
went for Ockstead in the Afternoon, much disordered and 
feverish. 

Sunday. Mr. Dyson continued performing the Offices «. 
of the Church. 

Monday. Mr. Causton returned to Town very ill in a 27. 
Fever. Much Whispering about Town this Day of 
strange News, which was spread with Diligence by a Set 
of People who were delighted at all Things that carried 
any Appearance of a bad Aspedl, and at their usual Meet- 
ing in the Evening, if nothing fell out unluckily to grat- 
ify their ill Humor, would frequently form some Story 
that might serve to incite some People to give Ear to it, 
and so go away perplexed with vain Fears. What came 
just now out of that Forge, was very surprising indeed, 
could it have stood the Touchstone of Truth. It was 
no less than that all our Expedlations of seeing any reg- 
ular Forces here, or a General at the Head of them, 
would come to nothing; that the Design of bringing 
Men from Gibraltar was laid aside; that some Attempt 
had been made to beat up for Volunteers for Colonel 
Oglethorpe's Regiment; but none would list, or be per- 
suaded to come into this Country; that Mr. Oglethorpe 
himself had enough upon his Hands to answer the Par- 
liament, who called upon him to account for the Money 
given by Parliament, which had been spent here; 
with abundance more of such audacious Ribaldry, told 
with a seeming Concern, and sorrowful shaking of the 
Head; though at the same Time tickling their own Im- 
aginations. If it is asked, how comes all this News? or, 
whence is it brought? The Answer is (with a close Whis- 
per) "I spoke with a Gentleman, a particular Friend of 
"mine, one of an unquestionable Character, who would 



COLONIAL RECORDS. , 113 

"be very cautious of reporting such Things without un- ^^ 
"questionable Foundation; and he lately read it in a ^^f^ 
"Letter sent to a Friend of his, of like Credit, and the 
"Letter-Writer is a very eminent Man; but his Name is by 
"no Means to be used yet; the Truth will appear too 
"soon, &c." All this the good Man would have you to 
believe he is afraid of. 

Tuesday. What Time I had to spare, I bestowed in 28. 
overseeing my People, now every Day busy in planting. 
Capt. McPherson came to Town, last from Fort Argyle, 
in order to settle Matters with Mr. Causton, pursuant to 
what passed lately betwixt them; I understood by him, 
that the Fort was become so ruinous, that there was a 
Necessity of his rebuilding of it. Mr. Causton contin- 
ued ill. 

Wednesday. Being informed, that Mr. Cooksey (one ». 
of our Freeholders) was going for Charles-Town, in or- 
der to get a Passage there for England, to settle some 
Affairs of his own; I took hold of the Opportunity of 
writing by him to the Trust; but his Intention of going 
off was so sudden, that it would not admit of a long 
Letter, nor of my sending several Dispatches, which about 
this Time I was preparing. A fine Rain last Night, and 
good Part of this Day, gave new Life to our Planting, 
which I attended when I had most Leisure; and my 
Son more frequently. Mr. Causton ill still. 

Thursday. In the Forenoon arrived a Packet from the «o. 
Trustees, sent from Charles-Town, by a trading Boat go- 
ing thence for New- Windsor. Our Letters from the 
Trust (among which I had one) were dated December 
14; and Mr. Wragg, who sent the Packet to Mr. Caus- 
ton, and likewise wrote to him, not saying when it ar- 
rived, nor by what Ship, gave us good Reason to think it 
had lain a long while, according to Custom; for from 
what usually happened, we might allow a Month at least 
8 ^-voi 4 



114 COLONIAL RECORDS, 

for any Letter to find its Way to us from England after ^J^ 
its Arrival in Carolina. I had also by the same Packet, ^^^^. 
a separate Letter from Mr. Verelst, who wrote me the 
good News, that Colonel Cockran would soon be here 
with four Transport Ships, under the Convoy of a Man 
of War; and Colonel Horsey would soon follow, to his 
Government of Carolina: So that now I was well pre- 
pared to confound the Authors of all such scandalous 
Reports as flew about lately, and particularly on Monday 
last; but my present Thoughts were, rather to let them 
alone uncontradicted for a while, and see what Lengths 
they dared to go. 

Good-Friday. Laboring People generally busy at 8i. 
their Work. Mr. Dyson performing the Office ot the 
Day to such as thought good to attend it was taken ill 
suddenly, and forced to break off before he could go 
through with it. I sat a while with Mr. Causton, who 
was mending a little, but very weak; and among other 
Things talking of what the Trustees had been pleased to 
signify in their Letters by this Packet, to him and Mr. 
Bradley (which plainly shewed that Mr. Bradley was in 
the wrong to take too much upon him) I asked Mr. Caus- 
ton if he knew in what Manner Mr. Bradley lived since 
the last parting (which was this Day Fortnight, when he 
determined to kill one of the Trust's Steers, and I had 
neither seen nor heard from him since) Mr. Causton 
told me he could not imagine, unless he had privately 
done as he purposed; for it was not done openly we both 
knew, Mr. Mercer who was one of Mr. Bradley's most 
trusty Friends, not caring to stand by him in going so 
great a Length: And Mr. Bradley refusing to comply 
with the Terms required by Mr. Causton about delivering 
out Provision to his own Servants and Family, had Re- 
ceived none out of the Stores since that Time: Where- 
fore we were equally at a Loss how to know the Way he 
had to feeding so many People, Upon my communi- 
cating the agreeable News I received from Mr. Verelst, 
of the Approach of some of Colonel Oglethorpe's Regi- 



COLONIAL RECX>RDS. 115 

ment, with Lieutenant Colonel Cockran at the Head of ^^ 
them, &c. he had imparted it to other Friends ; and so it ^^^ 
soon became publick, which put an End to my farther 
Craft at present: And now none more forward incoming 
about us to enquire into the Truth of it, and put on joy- 
ful Countenances, than those very People who so lately 
put on the Disguise of Sorrow, when there was no Oc- 
casion, only to gratify their own Spleen, and make Sport 
among themselves. 

Saturday. A showery Day; nevertheless having set Apru 
up a Hui for Shelter, I made out all this Day in Attend- 
ance upon my People to expedite their Planting. After 
I returned Home in the Evening, Mr. Causton sent me a 
Message by one of the Clerks, with a Letter sent him a 
few Hours before from Capt. McPherson, which he wrote 
him from the House he quartered at in the Town; and 
indeed was akin to what he had wrote him before (vide 
24th ult.) full of Threats what he would do, in Case he 
had not full Satisfaction immediately in what he required: 
And the Messenger told me, Mr. Causton desired me to 
answer it : I went therefore with what haste I could, to 
confer with Mr. Causton upon it ; who was now upon 
Recovery, but weak; and therefore unfit (as he said) 
to enter into much Argument with McPherson, who 
was grown very untradlable, and he could not bear being 
so roughly handled by him: For which Reason, he de- 
sired I would talk with him, and see what Terms I could 
bring him to; which I promised him I would, after hav- 
ing first learnt of him how far he thought it reasonable 
to comply: Accordingly I sent to Capt. McPherson, to 
know when he would give me an Opportunity of talking 
with him; and he said he would see me to-morrow Morn- 
ing. Mr. William McKay came up the River this Even- 
ing in a Sloop from Providence, and those Parts; with a 
Cargo of Brazilletta Wood, Mahagony, two thousand 
Weight of Turtle, &c. (not mentioning any Rum, which 



116 COLONIAL RECORDS, 

I also imagined might be a Part of the Cargo) some Or- ^]^ 
anges, and other Fruit; little or none of which was well ^^^^ 
sorted for Georgia, intending (as he said) after be had 
conferred with his Brother Capt. Patrick, to look for a 
Market at Charles-Town, or elsewhere. Within an Hour 
or two after, Mr. James Williams (Brother to Robert) 
after having been a trading Voyage ever since Odlober 
last, and not seen Savannah, came up to Town, leaving 
the Snow which he sailed in at Tybee; and coming to- 
gether with his Brother to Mr. Causton's, they made a 
Tender of thirty and odd Hogsheads of Molasses, some 
Hogsheads of Sugar, and other Things of less Impor- 
tance; which were all very acceptable, but especially the 
Molasses, which there had been none of in the Store for 
some Months past, to the Grief of many People; where- 
fore those useful and necessary Commodities were read- 
ily taken off their Hands. 

Sunday. (Easter) Capt. McPherson came to me about ,2. 
Eight in the Morning; and we had some Discourse about 
his Affair, though at an improper Time; and finding him 
much out of Humour, that he had been kept so many 
Days in Town, attending to no Purpose (as he termed it) 
for that he could not get his Account settled, which was 
the first Thing to be done, and then it would be a proper 
Time to settle other Matters in futuro; I promised him I 
would hasten it all I could, and did not doubt but it 
would be done in a Day or two at most, which a little 
pacified him at present. Mr. Dyson performed the Offices 
of the Church as well as his Health would allow, but was 
not able to preach: After reading the Morning Service, 
he published his Majesty's Order in Council, concerning 
the Form of Prayer to be used for the Royal Family, 
which the Trustees had been pleased to send Copies to 
Mr. Causton and me. After Church I called in at Mr. 
Causton's to acquaint him with what passed betwixt Capt. 
McPherson and me in the Morning; but he was gone to 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 117 

Ockstead, intending to spend a few Days there for his i^ 
Health. ^r^ 

Monday. William Ewen, the principal Servant under s. 
Mr. Causton at the Stores, came to acquaint me, that 
none of the Germans employed at the publick Work, 
either at the Crane or elsewhere, would take any Labour 
in hand, resolving one and all (with or without Leave) to 
keep Holiday: I well knew them to be a slothful and 
mutinous Crew, always complaining of too much Work, 
and too little Vidluals, that they were daily growing 
nrore and more troublesome; and therefore I thought 
there would be a Necessity of laying aside too much 
Lenity, and letting them know some Discipline which 
would reduce them to a better Temper; nevertheless I 
told Ewen, I thought he would labour in vain in en- 
deavouring to get them together to Day, as they were 
scattered Abroad; but they might the better be called to 
Account for it another Day, and a proper Course then 
taken with them, to teach them their Duty. The Stores 
were all shut, the Clerks gone, and universal Holiday 
through the Town; but not so in the Country with the 
Planters, who would be inexcusable to negledl a good 
Season; and my Servants, as many of them as could 
work, were not allowed to be idle; but two or three of 
them were commonly sick at a Time, notwithstanding the 
best Care could be taken of them, and that at a great 
Expence too. I went and found Capt. McPherson, who 
was a little chagrined again, seeing his Business at a Stand 
yet; and entering into a free Converse convinced him there 
was no Delay intended, but that it was only accidental, 
occasioned by this Festival; and that I hoped I should 
find it done for him against to-morrow; he became a lit- 
tle easy once more; but I apprehended a little more Jarring 
at parting at the Conclusion of all. 

Tuesday. Little observable this Day. Mr. Williams 4. 
(Robert) acquainted me, that he was about loading the 



118 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Snow which his Brother came in, with Lumber for the ,i!^ 
West Indies; that he was under Contrail for sailing in a '^^J.'" 
Fortnight, or else to pay Demurrage, that he had it all 
ready, did not doubt but he should easily accomplish it, 
and that he intended to go in her himself, now his 
Brother James was come; and intended to be back again in 
about ten Weeks: Wherefore if Mr. Causton thought fit 
to send for any of that Country Produdl, which might be 
wanting in the Stores, he would be ready to serve him; 
particularly Molasses (of late much wanted) which would 
come cheaper a great deal this Way, than from Charles- 
Town, from whence he commonly had them. I told him 
when Mr. Causton came to Town, I would talk with him 
of it; but he was yet in the Country. 

Wednesday. Mr. Lacy after having been several 5. 
Months at Home under a very great Indisposition, was 
now preparing to return to Augusta again, where I was 
glad to hear from all who came thence, that Mr. Kent 
(his^Lieutenant) behaved with good condudl. Mr. Lacy 
showed me a Letter very lately come to his Hands, dated 
in August last, from the Governor of Virginia, signifying, 
that he understood a Seizure had been made of some 
Goods belonging to an Indian Trader among the Chero- 
kees, by an officer of Georgia; which he was at first very 
much surprised at; for as much as Virginia had always 
carried on a Trade with that Nation, long before the 
Province of Georgia was thought of, and he should yet 
have been a Stranger to any Restriction, had not my Lord 
Egmont been so good to send him the Adl: That (how- 
ever hard he might think it) since his Majesty had been 
pleased to give his Assent to it, he should pay all due 
Obedience to it: But hoped in the present Case, the Pro- 
prietor of those Goods would not suffer through Igno- 
rance; and therefore hoped in all Justice and Equity they 
would be restored again, &c. the Whole being conceived 
in very handsome Terms. Upon Mr. Lacy's asking my 
Opinion, I could not hesitate upon saying, that allowing 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 119 

the Case to be, as set forth in that Letter, without Doubt vi3^ 
the Trustees would make Justice and Equity their Guide ^Jf" 
in all Things; and not be rigorous in taking the Advan- 
tage against any one who transgressed undesignedly; 
nevertheless, as I expedled Mr. Causton in Town again 
to-morrow (who yet continued at Ockstead weak since 
Sunday last) I advised him to take his Opinion also. 
Afternoon I walked again to my Planters, and kept them 
Company till Night. 

Thursday. Mr. Causton came to Town this Morning; «. 
and calling on me, we had a pretty long Talk together of 
some Things past since I saw him, and of others to be 
done: Among others, the 7th Instant being the Day ap- 
pointed for holding the ordinary Court, and the Season 
now at this 'Jundlure calling every Body into the Field 
who was well inclined; I offered it to his and the other 
Magistrates Consideration, whether it would not be ad- 
visable to adjourn the Court for two or three Weeks, and 
suffer the People to follow what they were so commend- 
ably about, rather than break in upon their good Designs, 
and oblige them to two or three Days Attendance in 
serving upon Juries, &c. which was approved of, and 
publick Advertisement fixed up; to prevent unnecessary 
Attendance; and giving Notice, that the Court would be 
adjourned to the first of May. A Sloop coming up last 
Night from Philadelphia laden (as it was said) wholly 
with Beef on Account of Mr. Ellis, Mr. Causton told me 
he was so well provided with that Sort of Provision, that 
he should not take the Cargo on any other Terms, than 
to give it Store-Room; and Mr. Ellis must risk the De- 
mand for it, in case it should be needed by the Increase 
of People, which it was apprehended might shortly hap- 
pen; and as far as I understood it, it was so far agreed 
with Mr. Ellis, when he was here in January last In the 
Evening Mr. Causton returned again to Ockstead, weak 
yet, and not well. 



120 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Friday. This Day I gave up great Part of, in getting ,J3^ 
forward my Work for planting; and my Son employed ^^^^ 
most of his Time every Day, as often as I could spare 
him, to promote it. Nothing happened in Town worth 
Remark. 

Saturday. Mr. Causton came from Ockstead this s, 
Morning, and soon after received an Express sent from 
Port-Royal by two Justices of the Peace there (Mess. 
Wigg and Woodward) enclosing Copies of two Affida- 
vits made before them on the 6th, one by Lyford, Master 
of a Sloop bound for Augustin, and the other by a Sailor 
in the said Sloop; both of the same Import, viz. That 
coming, a few Days since off the Bar of Augustin, they 
observed three or four Ships of considerable Bulk, lying 
at Anchor there, with a Couple of Sloops, and another 
Ship of Burden coming in out of the Sea; and there- 
upon they lay by, not caring to go nearer in, being about 
a League off; and put out their British Ensign, expe<5l- 
ing it would have been answered, as is common; but they 
found no Answer of any Kind from the Ships; but they 
could discern several Boats going Aboard the Ships from 
the Town: All which put together gave them some Ap- 
prehensions of bad Designs; wherefore they turned back 
again, and made what Speed they could into Port- Royal, 
to give this Intelligence. Mr. Causton came to me, and 
showed me what he had received; the whole being a 
Copy from the Original sent by the same Gentlemen to 
Charles-Town. I went at Mr. Causton's request to his 
House; from whence a Messenger was dispatched over 
Land in the Evening, first to Darien, and thence to the 
proper Officers at all the Southern Settlements, Fred- 
erica, Fort St. Simon, Fort St. Andrew, and to Capt. 
Gascoigne of the Hawk, advising them fully of the Whole, 
&c. Capt. McPherson being not yet gone out of Town 
since his Arrival here to make a new Bargain (as before 
is noted;) it was recommended to him now to be more 
than ordinarily careful and diligent with his Company of 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 121 



1788. 
April 



Rangers, and try if they could discover any Danger: 
And Notice was also sent to Mr. Cuthbert, that he might 
be as adlive also with his Men: The Constables likewise 
were to have immediate Orders to look carefully into all 
the Arms, and see, that they were in good Order, and 
nothing wanting; after this, late in the Evening, Mr. 
Causton went for Ockstead, taking Bailiff Parker in Com- 
pany with him. 

Sunday. The first Thing I discovered soon after I »• 
rose, was two of my Servants drunk; one of which had 
been taken up in the Night, and kept upon Guard till 
morning; but no farther Mischief being done, he was 
discharged, and sent home. It was a constant Rule given 
them to observe, that at the End of the Week they 
should all come Home, by which I should see what Nec- 
essaries in their Clothing, or otherwise, might be want- 
ing; after which they were to return again, taking such 
Things with them of all Kinds, as would serve them the 
Week ensuing. These two Fellows, it seems, had watched 
my going to Bed last Night; after which they slipped 
out into the Town, from a back House where they 
lodged; and well knowing where to meet Comrades to 
their Liking, they played their Parts with them over Rum 
as long as they were able. It was to no Purpose to talk 
with them at present: But I resolved to make what Scru- 
tiny I possibly could into this dark Work, to-morrow, be- 
fore the Magistrates, when possibly we might discover 
something worth our Enquiry, concerning the Sellers of 
that Liquor, whose Number increased daily. Mr. Dyson 
still carried on the Church Services as hitherto. 

Monday. The two Constables Jones and Fallowfield lo, 
(which was all we had) came early to Town on the pres- 
ent Occasion, from their distant Plantations, and took 
Breakfast with me, conferring on the Affair they came 
about; which was more immediately to look into the 
Condition of the Arms. It was resolved (for Experi- 



122 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

ment Sake) to order the Drum to beat immediately to iJ^ 
Arms, that thereby we might see how alert the People '^fo?^ 
were, and what Number would get together on a sudden, 
without previous Notice. It was so done, and in less 
than an Hour's Time we saw eighty odd Men in the 
Centre of the Town, with their proper Arms, well ap- 
pointed, and all able Men, Freeholders; such as were ab- 
sent, were almost every Man Abroad, busy in planting: 
And great Pity would it be, should any unlucky Occa- 
sion break their good Purposes now, and cut short a 
Number of Acres in a promising Way to be planted; 
which probably might otherwise amount to double at 
least, if not treble, the Quantity of any Year past. Those 
who now appeared, after firing off their Pieces singly 
(which was done with scarce any Baulk) were dis- 
charged, and allowed to exercise their Weapons of Hus- 
bandry on their Land, if they inclined to it: And those 
who were at too far Distance to appear on Beat of Drum, 
the Officers undertook to visit, and inspedl their Arms 
on their Return Home. Mr. Causton being returned to 
Town, I caused my two disorderly Servants to appear 
before him, and the other Magistrates, that Examination 
might be striAly made into Saturday Night's Debauch- 
ery: And it appeared, that in the Space of so short a 
Time, they had visited no less than four Houses, and 
bought and drank Rum in them all; which was the less 
to be wondered at, when it was so notoriously known, 
that those private Rum-Shops were become as common 
among the People, in Proportion, as Gin-Shops formerly 
at London. After some sharp Admonitions and Threats 
of Whipping-Post, in case of the like Offence hereafter, 
they were dismissed, upon Promises of better Behaviour. 
What Course to take for suppressing this Evil (daily in- 
creasing) of Rum selling, was worthy a due Considera- 
tion. 

Tuesday. This being another Leisure Day, my chief u. 
Care was about my Planting, to get that forward as fast 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 123 

as possible, and nothing intervened to divert my Thoughts sH^ 
on other Matters: But at Night, soon after I was in Bed, ^f//^ 
Mr, Jenkins (who heeps a Vidlualling House in Town) 
came to my House, desiring to speak with me; and sit- 
ting by my Bed-side told me, that a certain Person came 
to his House this Evening from on Board a Skooner, 
which he had left at Tybee, intending to take his Lodg- 
ing with him; that the Man's Name was Preu, that he 
came last from Augustin, after having been before some 
Months made a Prisoner at the Havannah; that he called 
in here now, on Purpose to tell us the good News, that 
the Spaniards had given over their intended Expedition 
against this Province, by Virtue of Orders newly come 
to the Havannah from Old Spain, &c. all which the Man 
himself was ready to relate to me, who was come along 
with him for that Purpose: Upon hearing whereof, I 
arose, and went to him; when he did so, and added a 
great deal more of the like Tenour with such Confidence, 
that it raised a Jealousy in me, lest he should be hired as 
a Spy, to make this Feint and lull us to sleep, instead of 
being upon our Guard, upon the Alarm we had taken at 
the Intelligence we had received on Saturday last: Where- 
upon I told him, it would be proper to communicate 
this good News to Mr. Causton, our principal Magistrate, 
who at present was not in Town, but would be to- 
morrow; and bidding him good Night, I hinted it pri- 
vately to Jenkins, to see that his Lodger did not give 
him the Slip; and sending for the Officer upon Guard, I 
gave it him in stridl Charge, that no Person whatever 
was suffered to go off in the Night, till due Examina- 
tion could be taken; which I declined doing myself, but 
reserved it to be done before the Magistrates when met 
together. 

Wednesday. A Messenger having been dispatched to 12. 
Mr. Causton by me, desiring his hastening early to Town, 
he came, and Mr. Parker with him; when Mr. Christie 
also joining them, I acquainted them with what I knew; 



124 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

and then we sent for Jos. Preu, who was examined with JJ^ 
all the Caution and Care we were capable of; wherein ^f^^ 
we spent most Part of the Forenoon: The Particulars 
whereof I made no Doubt would be sent, most properly 
to the Trustees, by Mr. Causton; who without Loss of 
Time prepared Copies of the same to be sent to Charles- 
Town, and to our own Settlements near the Altamaha. 
It was judged expedient likewise, to look into the Skooner 
that Preu came in as a Passenger, which lay at Tybee, 
and try if we could discover any Thing farther which 
might be concealed in her: I proposed doing it myself, 
and accordingly went down in the Night when the Tide 
served, accompanied by Mess. Parker and Christie, and 
two other Inhabitants, whom I had confidence in, taking 
Preu and the Master of the Vessel (whose Name was 
James Howell) along with us; who when we came aboard, 
very readily opened all Places we required, and showed 
us what Letters they had ; which appeared to be no other 
than common Letters of Traffick, &c. to several Persons 
in Port-Royal and Charles-Town (most of whom we 
knew) wrote by their Correspondents, Subjedls of Britain, is. 
residing at Augustin. I took a List of the Letters, and 
enclosed it in a Letter that I wrote immediately to Col- 
onel Bull, President of the Council, acquainting him 
with what we had done, and leaving it to him to try if 
he could dete<5l any Thing which might not be discov- 
ered yet by us: Which letter I delivered to the Master 
of a small Sloop that was then passing by us, bound to 
Charles-Town with the Dispatches that Mr. Causton had 
prepared over Night; which done, the Skooner presently 
weighed and sailed to Charles-Town in Company with the 
Sloop ; and we returned homewards, meeting in our Pas- 
sage another large Boat, bound from Savannah to the 
South, with Dispatches of the same Kind thither, and in 
her also some Carriages for mounting Guns at St. Si- 
mon's, which Mr. Delegal had long expedled, and which 
had been shamefully long delayed; though I had fre- 
quently spoke of it ever since February, when I came 



COLONIAL RECORDS- 126 

thence, and saw the Want of them. Young Mr. Delegal vi^ 
having been in Carolina lately, upon this Alarm there, ^f^ 
was making what Haste he could to his Duty; and 
coming to Savannah, took the Opportunity of a Passage 
in the same Boat. We landed a little after Noon; and 
when I had spent some Time with Mr. Causton, talking 
farther of these Matters, I went Home, not hearing any 
Thing material more worth Notice. 

Friday. Mr. Jennys of Charles-Town, Brother of i*- 
him lately deceased, having been a Day or two at Sa- 
vannah, engaged Mr. Causton and me to dine with him; 
when Mr. Causton acquainted me, that a Messenger from 
Ockstead very early this Morning brought him Word, 
that a Boat passed by his House making great Speed 
with eight Oars in the Night towards Savannah River; 
that his People hailed her as she passed, but they would 
not answer; and thereupon the Watch fired, but yet they 
passed on, and took no Notice. Mr. Causton, I observed, 
appeared more shocked at this than any Thing hitherto; 
and proximus ardet seemed to be in his Thoughts: But Mr. 
Jennys somewhat abated his Apprehensions of their be- 
ing Spaniards, by telling him, that in his Way hither at 
Port-Royal, he was informed, that Mr. Wig was newly 
gone out thence, in a Scout-Boat with eight Oars, in 
order to take a Cruise for a few Days among the Creeks 
to the Southward; and by the Description, most proba- 
bly it was that Boat. Mr. Causton however, before we 
saw him, had ordered out a light rowing Boat, with six 
Oars, to go on the same Errand, and given some Instruc- 
tions, which were of his own forming (it is to be sup- 
posed) done with good Judgment, and undoubtedly it 
was a proper Service at such a Jundlure. In the Even- 
ing he retired again to Ockstead, taking Bailiff Parker 
with him. 

Saturday. All the Talk this Morning was of some 15, 
Ships arrived at Tybee, but what they were none yet 



126 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

could tell; some judging them to be Friends, others En- }^ 
emies, according as their Hopes or Fears suggested; but ^f^^ 
upon Enquiry of the Person who brought it, and who 
was Patroon of a trading Boat that came up in the 
Night, bound from Charles-Town to New-Windsor, he 
made no more of it than one Ship, which lay off the 
Bar at Sea, and a Sloop, which he guessed might be 
Capt. Scott in a Man of War from Charles-Town, and a 
Tender, which were to sail from Charles-Town when he 
came thence. 

Saturday Afternoon. Mr. Jennys intending to return is. 
to Charles-Town early to-morrow, I wrote a Letter to 
Mr. Verelst, inclosing my Journal to this Time, with Du- 
plicates of Letters, &c. which I gave him in the Evening, 
as Mr. Causton also had given him what he meant to 
send, and Mr. Jennys promised it should be dispatched 
by the first Ship, which he expedled would be some Day 
in the Week coming. 

Sunday. Mr. Dyson absent, and no Church this Day. le. 
All quiet, and the Spaniards began to be less frightful 
every Day than other, among those who had discovered 
their Fears too far. 

Monday. The good Work of Planting went on as be- i7. 
fore, which I was glad to see, and every Body easy, ex- 
cepting a few of the nightly Club, who seemed well 
pleased at nothing; but their Art began to fail them in 
improving Discouragement; for the People in general 
(even those who formerly were of the Number of Male- 
contents) now showed a hearty Disposition to cultivate 
their Lands, and to defend it, when done, against all In- 
vaders. 

Tuesday. Another small Sloop arrived belonging to 18. 
Mr. Ellis, with about seventeen hundred Bushels of Corn, 
which was ordered to be taken in Store; but would have 
been more acceptable sooner, for the Seed-Corn which 



COLONIAL RECORDS- 127 

the People had for planting, was but very mean, scarce a ^iljl/ 
fourth Part being fit (after picking) to be put in the ^f^^ 
Ground: And the other Sloop of Mr. Ellis's (noted of 
the 6th Instant) being delivered, was preparing to depart, 
when it timely happened, that a Discovery was made of 
the Provisions being bad, and unfit for Use, which that 
Sloop imported: It seems, after what passed between Mr. 
Causton and the Master on the 6th, upon the Master's 
representing to Mr. Causton, that the cargo which he 
brought, it was expeAed would have been immediately 
spent, upon Presumption of a great Number of People 
being newly arrived; wherefore the Meat was not packt 
as usual for long keeping, but would be best for present 
Use, &c. In Consideration of Mr. Ellis's being an old 
Dealer, and a Man of Character, Mr. Causton took all 
the Beef off his Hands; and upon issuing several Casks 
to Day out of the Stores to sundry Persons, it was all 
returned, and found to be not eatable: Whereupon a Sur- 
vey was immediately ordered on the Whole, and all ex- 
cept a Trifle found to be bad. Such Confidence is to be 
reposed in such Dealers. Late in the Evening we had 
another little Spanish Alarm, suflRcient to keep us waking, 
which came from a Servant of Bailiff Parker's, who was 
alone on his Plantation, about ten Miles off; and reported, 
that about Ten in the Forenoon four strange Men, all 
Foreigners, came suddenly upon him, and at first one of 
them drew his Sword with Intent to kill him; but another 
(who was the only Person among them that had a little 
broken English) interposed, and desired his Life might 
be spared; after which they all went into the Hut hard 
by, where they sat down and rested themselves about an 
Hour and a Half, without offering further Violence of 
any Kind, but obliging him to stand at the Door and 
watch, that nobody might surprize them; and then they 
walked away into the Country by a Path which showed 
they knew their Way, after first making him swear he 
would not discover what he had seen: He said they were 
all swarthy Men, with black Hair braided up, and brought 



128 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

up from behind under their Hats, every one alike in J2L 
Dress, and black or dark coloured Cloaths, and each was '^g"/^ 
armed with Sword, Gun, and a Pistol; no Buckles but 
Straps to tie their Shoes. Mr. Causton riding in his Way to 
Ockstead in the Evening, and meeting this Man in the 
Road coming to Town, sent me a Line or two by him, de- 
siring me to enquire of him more particularly, and to send 
Capt. Mcintosh (Commander of the Palachocolas Fort 
now in Town) with two of his Men and Horses, to meet 
him at Mr. Parker's Plantation early in the Morning, and 
try if any Discovery of that Kind could be made: I 
thereupon talked to Mr. Parker and Mr. Christie, and 
examined the Fellow who was Parker's Servant, before 
his Master, who gave me this Account as I have wrote 
it, and stood to it; his Master telling me at the same 
Time that he believed the Fellow would say nothing but 
the Truth, and we might credit him. I then spoke with 
Capt. Mcintosh, and told him what Mr. Causton desired; 
who promised to go olEf at Day-break, and Mr. Parker 
appointed to go with him. It was our Opinion (what- 
ever Truth might be in it) that the ordinary Guard should 
be doubled, and two or three Men ordered to patrol at a 
Time at a little Distance around the Town, and in case 
of any Danger to give Notice, &c. This was ordered 
accordingly, and the Remainder of the Night was Peace. 

Wednesday. This Day produced nothing of any Mo- 19. 
ment. All being returned to Town, who went out to seek for 
some Intelligence of those Spaniards, who were supposed 
last Night to be so near us; and not being able to make any 
Kind of Discovery farther, People generally began to 
think it only an idle Story cooked up by Mr. Parker's 
Servant, for a Pretence of coming to Town, and leaving 
his Work; but Mr. Parker yet seemed to have a good 
Opinion of his Man's Veracity; so that various con- 
je<5lures arose about it, however I did not find it made 
any great Impression, and People went quietly about 
their Business. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 129 

Thursday. Mr. Robert Williams [having loaded his ^^^ 
Snow with Lumber for the West Indies (as before taken ^^^ 
Notice of) sailed this Morning, and with him Hugh 
Sterling, upon a trading Account: James Williams, now 
in Turn staying here, to carry on the Plantation Work, 
&c. and as they are both Men that seem resolved to be 
pushing on a Trade and Business of any Kind that has a 
Shew of Profit; it were to be wished they may find Suc- 
cess, and thereby encourage Industry in all Shapes, that 
may tend to the Benefit of the Colony: It were also at 
the same Time to be wished, they would lay aside a lit- 
tle of that Warmth which I have known sometimes to 
carry them too far in defending that Opinion about the 
Allowance of Negroes, so industriously propagated by 
some others less worth regarding. In the Afternoon the 
Messenger who was dispatched to the South the 8th In- 
stant, returned with Letters from the several Settlements 
there; by which we learnt, that they were none of them 
under any great Apprehensions from what Intelligence 
they had from us, which was founded upon what Ly f ord had 
deposed before Mess. Woodward and Wig at Port-Royal; 
for that the reinforcement of the Garrison at St. Augus- 
tin, which came thither under Convoy of a Man of War, 
was no more than* what they expedled, and were in- 
formed by the Spanish Launch was intended; which Mr. 
Hortongave us Advice of on the 20th of January last; 
and Mr. Horton now wrote me, that if they came, they 
would give them as warm a Reception as they could, but 
he believed they were only fortifying their own Frontiers; 
and he did not intend it should put a stop to the Work of 
one of the Freeholders of that Place, who were plant- 
ing, and had now ready for planting near an hundred 
Acres. Mr. McLeod, Minister at Darien, wrote me, that 
he apprehended the Dimensions given for building their 
Church were too little, and desired my Opinion, in con- 
junction with Mr. Causton's, whether they might ex- 
ceed it, or not. 
9 o p— V 4 



130 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Friday. An Accident befel me this Day, which pre- ,i!^ 
vented my stirring Abroad: Sitting at my Table in the ^^[^^ 
Morning writing, my Stool happened to slide, and fall- 
ing across it, I so bruised my Side, that I was obliged to 
take away a little Blood, as well as apply some outward 
Remedy for Ease. I did not learn any Thing material 
from my Son that the Day produced worth Notice. 

Saturday. Mr. Causton and the other Magistrates 22. 
were pleased to call on me this Morning; when we had 
a short Conference on the present Posture of Affairs, 
and divers Orders were given suitable to the Exigence of 
the Times: For notwithstanding it seemed to us, that the 
Spaniards had put a Stop to any farther Proceedings, 
yet it was not in our Power to judge how soon they 
might resume their former Designs, especially since we 
were all assured, that there was a great Force lay 
ready at St. Augustin for any purpose they thought fit to 
employ them about; whether it were to attack us, or 
only strengthen their Frontier (as was given out) and 
build Forts, viz. on the old Appalachee Fields, &c. more- 
over the Launches, Pinnaces, and half Gallies contin- 
ued still attending them in that Port. This uncertain 
State we were in, produced various Opinions among the 
People; some few could not hide their Apprehensions, 
of a sudden Invasion, and wanted an Opportunity to 
withdraw out of Harm's Way; but as a Stop was put to 
any one's going off without Leave, that was difficult to 
come at, and the Generality appeared easy, following 
their proper Business. Somebody among us had under- 
taken the Part of Pasquin, and fixed up a paper in the 
publick Street, ridiculing the idle Fears of such among 
us as discovered them; and telling them for their Com- 
fort, that he had fixed up an Office of Insurance, where 
he would insure any of their Safeties after the Rate of 
from 5 to 1 5 per Cent, provided they did not set too great 
a Value on themselves: With some other double Entend- 
crs pretty severe, which a certain Person or two of my 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 131 



Acquaintance taking some Offence at, and seeming impa- 
tient to discover the Author; I prevailed with them to be 
easy, and not let the World see that the Cap fitted their 
Heads, by putting it on themselves; and I was farther of 
Opinion, that a little merry Drollery among us (without 
gross Scandal) at such a Season might contribute to keep 
up a cheerful Spirit; and this was not a Time to be peevish 
at Trifles. Some Gentlemen and others not Freehold- 
ers in the Town, having been forming a Design to make 
a Company of Volunteers to a<ft in Defence of the Prov- 
ince, where Occasion might require, under the Command 
of such Person as they should chuse among themselves; 
and sending to me to make one among them; towards 
Evening finding myself a little more relieved from Pain, 
I went to them to the Tavern, where ten or twelve of 
them were met, mostly such as either had, or were enti- 
tled to different Tradls of Land: Upon reading the Pro- 
posal, which was ready drawn, I told them I was very 
glad to see so good a Disposition among them; that I 
thought it was very laudable, and I would be as forward 
as any one in joining them and promoting it, provided 
we took Care to do it legally, i. e. it would be absolutely 
necessary to have a sufficient Authority for taking up 
Arms, and in the next Place due Care must be taken, 
that it must be done so as not to clash with the Method 
and Form the present Militia were in; wherefore in both 
these Cases the Magistrates must be consulted: After 
some Discourse farther on that Head, they then made it 
their Request to me, that I would impart it to the Magis- 
trates; and opening fully to them the whole Design, 
learn their Sentiments upon it: I undertook to do so, and 
returned Home. 

Sunday. No Minister, nor publick Service for the Day. 
This being the Festival of St. George, the Flag was dis- 
played: At Noon the Magistrates and several of the Of- 
ficers, and other Inhabitants of the Town, met at the Guard- 
House, where some Biscuits and Bottles of Wine being sent 



April 



132 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

from the Stores, his Majesty's Health was drank under the ^^ 
Discharge of eleven Pieces of Cannon; next the Prince ^^^ 
and all the Royal Family; then the honourable Trustees, 
and Prosperity to the Colony; and lastly to the safe Arrival 
of our Captain General. After which I talked a little 
aside with the Magistrates upon the subject of last Night; 
telling them freely my Opinion, and some Jealousy that 
I had conceived of their real Design at Bottom, under 
this colourable pretence of setting up a Military Force 
wholly independent of the present Establishment, which 
Suspicion the rather arose in me from my observing that 
this Proposal was formed and carried on by that very 
Club, who for so long Time have been inveighing against 
the chief Fundamentals of Policy, which our Constit- 
uents have hitherto maintained; for which Reason I told 
them to-morrow would be Time enough for their Answer 
to the Paper; and so leaving it with them, Mr. Causton 
rode off to Dinner at Ockstead, taking one or both his 
Brethren with him. 

Monday. Mr. Causton, with the other Magistrates, by u. 
Appointment met three or four of the Gentlemen who 
had made the Proposal, at my House; when after a full 
Explanation made, of what was the Design of the honour- 
able Trustees, in regard of the future Establishment of 
the Militia throughout the whole Province, viz. that 
all Tradls of Land would be reduced into Villages; and 
it was supposed the Proprietors of those Lands would by 
Appointment from the Trustees be invested with a Power 
of commanding the Inhabitants of those Villages, partly 
in the same Manner as the Wards at present within the 
Town of Savannah are under the Command of Consta- 
bles; For these Reasons it was apprehended, that such as 
had already taken Possession of such Tradls, by Grant 
from the Trustees, were in some Sort understood to be 
intitled to the Command of all who lived under them, 
upon any emergent Occasion, as now; wherefore to enter 
themselves in a separate and distindl Body, would be in- 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 133 

consistent with that Post which they seemed more imme- ^^^ 
diately concerned to maintain; but whereas there were ^^^ 
divers others, some of whom had Titles to Lands, which 
were not yet run out, nor taken Possession of; and some 
who had yet neither Title nor Possession; undoubtedly it 
would not only be allowable, but praiseworthy in all such 
to show their Zeal in Defence of the Country; and in 
order to it, they might form themselves into such a 
Company of Volunteers under a Commander of their 
own chusing, as they saw good: Provided still that in 
Case of an Attack that they would adl in Concert with 
the present Militia, and be subjedl to such Orders as 
should be given by the Commander in Chief: Which they 
declared themselves ready to observe, but objedled 
against receiving any Commands from the Constables in 
Town. So it ended for the present, and next we were to 
see what farther would come of it. Some of them were 
pleased to tell me, that I was the Man they had in their 
Thoughts, to place at the Head of them: But I thanked 
them for the Honour they intended me, and found more 
Reasons than one, why it was proper for me to desire to 
be excused; telling them at the same Time, my Son 
would be ready to make one in their Ranks, or wherever 
else the Service might require; and in case of any Adlion, 
I hoped to be found doing my Duty among the most for- 
ward. 

In the Evening Mr. Andrews, a Trader among the 
Chicasaw Indians, arrived in four Days, last from Au- 
gusta, bringing with him several Letters for Mr. Caus- 
ton, and one to me from Mr. Kent (Lieutenant there 
under Capt. Lacy) who went back there to his Command 
about a Week since, after several Months Indisposition 
at Home, and was on his Passage thither as Mr. Andrews 
came down. Mr. Kent wrote me a good Account of the 
Situation of Affairs there; and I heard from every Body 
who came from those Parts, a good Character of him, as 
a diligent Officer who maintained good Order and Au- 
thority, and had applied himself with such Industry for 



134 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

the Defence of the Place, that the Fort was as good as ,23^ 
finished, and made capable of withstanding any Attack, ^^^ 
which was more than was expedled could have been 
done since Mr. Lacy left it. The News Mr. Andrews 
brought us from the Chicasaw Indians was very disagree- 
able: For it was, that the French had fallen upon them 
again last Year with a greater Force than before, and in 
several Battles had killed upward of sixty of them; that 
finding themselves unable to withstand them any longer, 
the Remnant had quitted their Lands, and were drawn 
near to the Creeks, who received them kindly; and that 
he hoped they would have settled there, which would 
still put it in their Power to have annoyed their Enemies 
the French, and also strengthen our Frontier against 
their nearer Approach: But the Government of Carolina 
hearing of their Intentions, had invited them, and by 
large Presents persuaded them to come and settle in the 
Province of Carolina, in the Neighbourhood of New- 
Windsor, which he wished might have been prevented, 
doubting it may tend to the Diminution of this Province. 
In answer to these Things I had little to say. 

Tuesday. A Day of Leisure, which gave me Oppor- ». 
tunity to divert myself awhile in the Garden, which was 
now in good Order, and all Things in it had a good Ap- 
pearance; but the Frost we had so severe in March, cut 
off all the young Orange Trees again, and made it nec- 
essary to apply the Pruning-Knife almost home to the 
Ground, from whence they all once more put forth strong 
and promising Shoots: The Vines likewise had somewhat 
suffered; but were now in a thriving Way: The Mulber- 
ries now also produced Plenty of Leaves, and though the 
unkindness of the Spring had kept them back, which 
was a little destru<5live to the earliest Silk Worms, there 
was yet a Stock of Worms, and Store of Food for them 
come at last sufficient to give us Expe<5lation of seeing 
something in the Silk-Affair done this Year worth re- 
garding. Planting continued to go forward in the Coun- 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 136 

try with uncommon Diligence on all Sides: And as to ,j^^ 
my own Part, what was in hand being three Miles off, ^^'" 
my Son took it almost wholly upon himself to inspect it, 
coming Home once in a Day, or two or three, only if any 
Thing extraordinary required. The hot Weather began 
to come on apace, and Rain much wanted. Three of my 
Men at this Time lying ill. 

Wednesday. A Pettyagua lately arrived with some u. 
Goods from Charles-Town for some of our Store- Keepers, 
went back this Morning unknown to me; by whom Mr. 
Causton wrote Letters to the Care of Mr. Jennys, to be 
sent the Trustees by the first Ship (as he told me himself 
afterwards.) I told him it would have been kind to have 
let me known it in Time, because I would not willingly 
slip any Opportunity of doing the same; and many such 
probably fell within his Knowledge, which could not be 
known to me: But as I had wrote so lately as of the 
1 5th to Mr. Verelst, and had in my View another Oppor- 
tunity very likely to be soon; I was the easier on that 
Account. 

Several Gentlemen who had been the Promoters of 
Volunteers, and had Titles to Tra<5ls of Lands not yet 
run out, went this Day to Vernon River, and those Parts, 
taking Jones the Surveyor with them; the Effedl whereof 
we might expedl to know another Day. Mr. Causton 
went in the Evening to Ockstead as usual, and all Things 
quiet. 

Thursday. Another Piece of Pasquin's Wit was found 27. 
afHxed to the common Place this Morning; wherein he 
carried his Buffoonery (I thought) a little too far, in 
making Sport with our Militia; for tho' I saw no Offense 
in exposing such as were timorous (which was the prin- 
cipal Drift of the last) yet undoubtedly it was unseason- 
able to make a Jest of all military Preparations at such 
a Time for our Defence: It passed off in Merriment, 
however, and People were wise enough in general not to 



136 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

take Offence. Mr. Causton came not to Town to Day; ^]^ 
nor did I observe any Thing of Consequence to take No- ^Jr!" 
tice of. 

Friday. The Survey of the damaged Beef (noted the 28. 
i8th Instant) being now finished, and legal Condemna- 
tion made of near two hundred and eighty Casks out of 
about two hundred and ninety; Order was given for car- 
rying it out of Town, in order to be burnt or buried deep 
in the Earth, to prevent Infedlion; the latter Course 
seeming to be most eligible; forasmuch as it was appre- 
hended some Malignancy might be conveyed from so 
great a Smoak into the Town. Two or three of the 
Gentlemen who went with the Surveyor to Vernon River 
on Wednesday last, I now learnt had fixed upon a Tradl 
of five hundred Acres each, intending to make them- 
selves thereby capable of commanding that Distri<5l, in case 
Occasion required their appearing in Arms, after that 
Affair being discussed in the Manner it was, when the 
Magistrates met several of them at my House last Mon- 
day. 

Saturday. Wrote several Letters on various Occa- ». 
sions to the South, and sent them by Sloop and Pettya- 
gua, both going thither with sundry Stores from Mr. 
Causton. Soon after, a private Boat that went thither 
lately on small Affairs, returned and brought Letters to 
Mr. Causton and me from Capt. Gascoigne; whether 
from any one else Letters to Mr. Causton came or not, I 
was not informed. The Captain referred each of us to 
what he had wrote the other; so that betwixt us we were 
informed, that Capt. Scott in the Seaford, in his Cruize 
from Charles-Town to Augustin, to see what the Span- 
iards were about, had called on him in his Way; and 
that thereupon he weighed immediately, intending to join 
him; but that the Wind and Tide would not let him get 
out before Morning, when Capt. Scott was gone, i. e. the 
1 8th; and on his return to him, the Day of the Date of 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 137 



1788. 
April 



the Letter he wrote me, which is the 22d, Capt. Scott (he 
says) informs him of seeing nothing on the Coast, nor in 
Augustin Harbour, but small Vessels, viz. two Snows, one 
Brig, and two Sloops. Capt. Scott farther added, that 
he believed that he sweated them in their Turn, by the 
number of Guns they fired whilst he lay off the Bar, 
which was thirty Hours; and the Appearance of one 
King's Ship off the Bar, leaves them no room to doubt 
but we have heard something of them; whether well 
grounded or not, is what we want to know; as Capt. 
Gascoigne writes: But it is Time only must discover that. 

Whatever it proves, People in general now begin to 

be easy; and it is to be hoped they will none of them 
be bashful in the Face of a Spaniard if ever they put it 
to a Trial. 

Sunday. No Minister this Day, nor any Church Serv- so. 
ice. 

Monday. The Court, which stood adjourned to this ^*y 
Day, was again farther adjourned to the ordinary Course 
of its meeting once in six Weeks, which was the 22d 
Instant. This was concerted among the Magistrates, as 
most expedient at this Time; and though no publick 
Reason was given for it, yet probably the true Reason 
for so doing might easily be guessed at, viz. to have as 
little to do as possible with Grand Juries, till the Trus- 
tees decide that Point of their Power to administer 
Oaths; which divers of the Freeholders seemed very 
fond of, and the Magistrates would by no Means assent 
to, being apprehensive of creating an Inquisition, which 
would know no Sort of Bounds, and might carry their 
Power to such a Height, as to endanger the subversion 
of all Order and Authority, in the Hands of those who 
at present are entrusted with it. And indeed it was my 
Opinion, that it behooved them to be watchful in guard- 
ing against all Innovations: For though there was no Ap- 
pearance at present of new Disturbances among our- 



J 



J 38 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

selves, yet the Seeds of Discontent were not so utterly ^]^ 
dead, but with a little Art applied they might revive, ^ij^ 
Mr. Causton staid this Day in the Country. 

Tuesday. This Day an unfortunate Accident hap- 2. 
pened in my own little Affairs, which for the most Part 
demanded my Attention. The Person who owned the 
next five-Acre Lot adjoining to that which I had 
cleared and planted this Year, had in like Manner cut 
down all the Wood on his, and laid it in Heaps, but not 
yet burnt it; and notwithstanding a very high Wind 
blow'd this Day (such as rarely happens here) two Men 
employed in clearing that Land chose it, and setting 
Fire to those Heaps of Wood, it burnt with such Fury, 
that there was no coming near it; and the Wind driving 
it full upon my Fence, it very soon destroyed all one 
third of it, and the Cinders and thick Smoak which came 
from it flew over near half the Corn I had planted; 
which was finely flourishing, but in a great Measure de- 
stroyed now, so far as the Scorching went; and what I 
was yet more concerned at, was to see about an hundred 
and fifty young Mulberries, which I was nursing up 
against another Season, likewise the greatest Part of 
them spoiled. A Boat arrived from Frederica, sent by 
Mr. Horton with Letters to Mr. Causton and me, desir- 
ing our Assistance in taking four of his Servants who had 
taken his Boat and run away with it. All quiet in the 
South, and no talk of Spaniards. 

Wednesday. My first Care in the Morning was to a. 
take a proper Person with me, and view what Damage 
was done by Yesterday's Conflagration, which was found 
to be very great; however, I very well knew, that little 
Benefit would accrue by seeking for it at common Law; 
for the Adlion must lie against those who kindled the 
Fire, and they were poor labouring Men (Foreigners) 
who were in no wise capable of Restitution; whilst he 
who employed them, little cared what they suffered: 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 139 

Wherefore I summoned them before a Magistrate, and vil^ 
required no more of them than their Labour to make ^*^ 
good my Fence again; that would cost them some Days 
Work, which they readily agreed to: And as I was wil- 
ling to impute it to their Want of knowing better, I told 
them (to shew that I forgave them) if they did it hon- 
estly and well, that I would give them something to 
drink for their Pains: And the Damage I had sustained 
otherwise, I must make the best of that I could. The 
dry Season, which we had for a long while past, began to 
raise sad Apprehensions in the Minds of many People, 
lest their Labour should be lost by failing of a Crop; the 
Corn in divers Places not coming well up, and in others 
beginning to pine away with the Heat, for Want of Rain; 
when Providence sent us refreshing Showers in the Even- 
ing, which were divers Times repeated in the Night. Mr. 
Causton returned to Ockstead. 

Thursday. I resolved to lose no Time, but immedi- *• 
ately take the Advantage of so kind a Season that of- 
fered; and though it was late, I ordered some Hands to 
go about replanting all the Corn that was lost; not with- 
out Hopes but that it might yet come to good, in case 
we had a few more such Showers now and then, as fell 
last Night: At my Return Home at Noon, I found an- 
other cross Accident: My principal Servant, whom I most 
confided in, and was at such Times as I could best spare 
him from Field-Work employed as a Domestic, was mis- 
sing; and upon my hearing that his Chest was carried off 
while I was Abroad in the Morning, I made no Doubt 
but he was preparing to go off in the Night: The Magis- 
trates being neither of them at Home, I sent a Messen- 
ger to get a Search Warrant from Mr. Causton, who was 
at Ockstead; and taking what Precaution in the Interim 
I thought needful, to hinder his Escape; in the Evening 
I got some Intelligence what Company he had been seen 
with in the Day; whom I knew to be idle, disorderly 
Servants of others; and Mr. Parker being now returned 



140 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Home, and coming kindly to my Assistance; we laid 2!^ 
hold of one of those, threatening to deal severely with "^ 
him, if he did not discover where my Man was; at which 
being terrified, he went with the Officer and produced 
him: Then upon Enquiry where his Chest was, we found 
that in a small new-built Hut, which the Owner had let 
a Gentleman have the Use of, for the reception of a few 
of his Servants occasionally, at such Times as any of 
them came to Town on their Master's Business, from 
his Plantation a pretty Way off. Upon opening the Chest 
to search what was in it, we found several fair Pieces of 
Beef, about twelve Pound of Biscuit, some Rice, two or 
three Bottles of Wine, one Bottle of Molasses, &c. 
which was a plentiful Provision for a Voyage: But he 
was so abominably drunk, that it was in vain to attempt 
any Examination of him this Night; wherefore the Bail- 
iff committed him close Prisoner to the common Goal, 
till a fit Opportunity to look into it farther: And so the 
Day ended. 

Friday. Nothing of any Moment happened this 6. 
whole Day, that I could get Knowledge of; but perfedl 
Tranquillity every where, People following their own 
Business, and the Spaniards no longer talked of. Mr. 
Causton continued at Ockstead these two Days, nothing 
extraordinary requiring his Attendance. 

Saturday. This Morning about Eight I was most 6. 
agreeably surprized, when at opening my Door I saw 
Colonel Cockran, whom I joyfully saluted: He left the 
Transports, which he quitted at a good Distance off the 
Bar Yesterday Evening; and betaking himself to the 
Boat, rowed up in the Night, complaining (which I was 
sorry he had so much Reason for) of Want of Pilotage, 
to bring the Ships in at Tybee: Which Complaints we 
have too frequently had from other Masters of Vessels; 
but on so great an Occasion it was less excusable. It is 
alledged by some, that we can hardly hope for it other- 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 141 

wise, till a good Pilot is fixed to live there, who may be vl^ 
always ready, by having a small competent Support: For ^*^ 
that it cannot be expedled any one in that Station, who 
has his Living to seek for where he can get it, will be 
still upon Duty. But these Evils I know will be cured 
by such Dispositions as our General shall make, when 
we are so happy to see him again here. I waited on 
the Colonel to Mr. Causton, who was just come to town; 
and all the Dispatch that was possible (to be sure) was 
made in sending proper Help; and the same Evening 
the two Transports from whom the Colonel came, were 
safely brought to Anchor at Cockspur; the other Trans- 
port not being then in Sight: Which was thus accounted 
for, viz. That Capt. Fanshaw upon making the Coast, 
steered his Course diredlly for Charles-Town, and made 
signal for all the Transports to follow him; but the Col- 
onel being determined, that none of his Men should land 
there, gave the Officers such Orders; and thereupon the 
Ship he was in, with one more, made their Way for Tybee; 
but he was apprehensive the other might be decoyed to 
Charles-Town, which nevertheless if it was so, he was 
sure, that the Officer that commanded the Men there, 
would not disobey his Orders, in suffering a Man to land 
in Carolina. I made it my business to attend the Col- 
onel all Day, and Care was taken to provide Vessels, 
with what Expedition we could, to convey the Forces to 
the South, in such Manner as was at that Time thought 
convenient. 

Sunday. The Church-Service discontinued for Want 7. 
ot a Minister. Divers Letters were sent Express, as 
well to Charles-Town, to acquaint the Government there 
what was doing, and to require the Transport that was 
missing (if there) to join' the others here; as also to the 
South, to desire Capt. Gascoigne's making haste to us, 
together with Mr. Horton, &c. All which was done by 
Order from the Colonel, that he might not want proper 
Assistance, or being well advised in every Thing that 



142 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

was needful: Mr. Causton at the same Time gave Di- }^ 
re<5lion about fresh Provision being got ready, which had ^*^ 
been preparing against this Occasion: And whereas one 
Ship's Company had particularly been very sickly, a 
Steer was ordered immediately to be killed, and sent 
down to them to-morrow Morning for some Refreshment. 
About Noon the Colonel went down again himself to 
Tybee, enjoining Mr. Causton to come to him thither 
to-morrow. In the Evening I was informed, that a 
Ship's Boat was come up with divers People in it; 
among whom it was said there was a Clergyman; which 
I thought good News, if his Abode was to be at Sa- 
vannah; too well knowing the Want of a good and dis- 
creet Pastor among us. 

Monday. After much Thunder and Showers in the 8. 
Night, a heavy Rain fell in the Morning, and continued 
near the whole Day; which prevented Mr. Causton and 
me from waiting on Col. Cochran at Tybee; but clearing 
up towards Evening, the Colonel came again to Town 
with the Flood-Tide. After a short Conference he went 
with me to make a Visit to Mr. Whitfield the Minister; 
whom I congratulated on the Occasion of his coming, 
and his safe Arrival; promising myself great Pleasure in 
his future Acquaintance. 

Tuesday, "^ The Colonel being intent upon 9. 

Wednesday, * making all possible Expedition in 10. 

Thursday, j getting the Troops away to the South, 11. 

Friday. J and accepting what Assistance I could 12. 

give in conferring with several People whom he was a 
Stranger to, and introducing them to him for Orders, &c. 
most Part of my Time was taken up these four Days in 
close Attendance on that Affair; and little occurred else 
of Consequence. Mr. Whitfield was taken, since his 
coming ashore, with a Touch of an Ague, which it was 
hoped would soon be removed: And the sick Men aboard 
at Cockspur, went ashore every Day on that Island; 



COLONIAL EECORDS. 143 

where, with taking the fresh Air, and by the Help of ^^ 
proper Refreshments of sundry Provisions frequently %y 
sent them, they began to be lively again, and were very lo. 
hearty and well pleased to find such Care taken for them, u. 
The Phoenix Man of War, and the other Transport that ' 12. 
was missing, came from Charles-Town, and anchored 
within Tybee on Friday Afternoon, as we were advised 
that Evening. 

Saturday. Capt. Fanshaw came up to Town this is. 
Forenoon in his Barge, and had a full conference with 
Colonel Cockran all Day, when it was agreed between them 
to send one of the Transports to the Alatamaha, which 
together with the Pettyagua's that we had now ready, it 
was judged would be sufficient for all that was to be 
done: They resolved to go down together to-morrow 
Morning; and the Captain staid in Town all Night, Mr. 
Causton engaging them both to dine with him to-morrow 
at Ockstead; which would not be far out of their Way 
by Water as they passed. 

Sunday. Mr. Whitfield being a little recovered, at- 14. 
tempted to officiate at Church; but by Reason of his 
Weakness was obliged to stop at the Communion Service. 
The Colonel and Captain obliged me to accompany them 
to Mr. Causton's, from whence they proceeded afterwards 
to Tybee; and in the Evening I walked Home. We all 
thought it strange, that no Return yet was made to those 
Expresses sent to the South, now a full Week since. 

Monday. Some of the Pettyagua's coming up from is. 
the Ships with large Quantities of divers Stores by the 
Colonel's Order, which my Son had his Diredlion how 
to dispose of; he was fully employed all Day in getting 
it carried to the Places provided for them, and taking 
Care of their Safety: Wherein I found it needful to give 
what Assistance I could in quickening a lazy Crew, who 
without looking after would do little. Mr. Causton 
under some Indisposition at Ockstead. 



144 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Tuesday, The same Employment took up my Son's il^ 
Time wholly, and good Part of mine. The Colonel came up ^*5 
again from the Ships towards Noon; and about the same 
Time the Boat that was sent to the South express, so long as 
since Sunday the 7th returned; and Mr. Horton came in her 
as he had Orders: Upon enquiring what the Reason was, 
why they staid so long, we found, that they had lost their 
Way in going; and after wandering some Days, they did 
not reach Frederica till the latter End of the Week: The 
Boat's Crew being all hired men on this Occasion, and 
the best we could procure; having not any that by proper 
Appointment attended such Service. By a Sloop which 
came up with Provisions for Sale from New York, last 
from Charles-Town, Mr. Causton had Letters from Eng- 
land, and I one from Mr. Verelst, very short, only to 
give me the Pleasure of knowing, that Colonel Horsey 
was appointed Governor and Lieutenant General of 
South-Carolina; and that it was expedled General Ogle- 
thorpe, with the Remainder of his Regiment, would em- 
bark some Time in the next Month after the Date of his, 
which was February 17. 

Wednesday. This Morning we had Advice, that Capt. i7. 
Gascoigne in the Hawk, with the Sloop Ranger his 
Tender, was come to Tybee, where he had joined the 
other Ships; and as soon as the Pettyagua's that were 
daily employed in bringing up such Goods and Stores as 
were intended to be landed at Savannah had compleated 
that Service, it was judged there needed no farther Provis- 
ion of proper Vehicles to convey the Troops to the sev- 
eral Stations the General had assigned them; and they 
would lose no Time about it. A Snow and a Brigantine, 
both laden with Provisions from New- York, belonging 
to Mr. Provost (the same who was here before, and bought 
Town Lot of Mr. West) came up the River this Evening; 
the Owner intending that such of the Cargo as Mr. 
Causton did not readily accept of for the Use of the 
Trust, he would take into private Store. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 146 

Thursday. Colonel Cockran went down to the Ships ^^ 
this Morning to give such Orders as he saw proper for ^f^ 
expediting the Service, and several sick Men who were 
judged unfit to bear any farther Fatigue at present, were 
sent up to Town, and put in a spare House under the 
Care of a Dodlor to recover them. The Remainder ot 
this Day, and the two following, found sufficient Em- 
ployment for me and my Son, to see such Orders fulfilled 
as the Colonel gave to 



20.- 



Friday, ) hasten the Departure of the Troops 

Saturday, j from Tybee; and the heavy Pace where- 
with our German Servants went forward with the Work as- 
signed them, gave us no small Vexation; whilst the Colonel 
himself, who came up to Town again on Friday, was in- 
defatigable in all Places to promote the Service every 
Day, and could not avoid discovering great Impatience 
under any Delay. 

Whitsunday. The Colonel having got some of the 21. 
Ship's Crew up to Town, and seeing no Labor was to be 
expelled this Day from any others, prevailed easily 
with them to unload divers Goods, that the Service of 
the Vessel which brought them might be made use of in 
transporting some of the Soldiers, &c. for as she was a 
Vessel of convenient Stowage, and capable of carrying 
a pretty good number of them, the Colonel agreed with 
the Mast^ at a reasonable Freight to engage in it; after 
which he went down the River, together with Lieutenant 
Dunbar and Mr. Horton, to give his last Orders for their 
going off soon. Mr. Whitfield officiated this Day at 
Church, and made a Sermon in the Forenoon and After, 
very engaging to the most thronged Congregation I had 
ever seen here: Late in the Evening the Colonel returned 
again from Tybee. 

Monday. The Court which stood adjourned to this 22. 
Day, now met; when a Grand Jury was impanelled, and 

10 c r—T 4 



J 



146 COLONIAL RECORDS, 

a Charge given them in the ordinary Course; expedling ,i^ 
they would not again insist on administring Oaths, as ^^ 
they had done some Time before; and there was no Ap- 
pearance of any Disturbance on that Account, or any 
other, but all Things went with Decency and Order. 
Such Soldiers as continued weak and sickly, and were 
judged unfit to undergo farther Fatigue at present, were 
daily brought to Town, three or four at a Time, and put 
under proper Care to get Strength: They were now near 
thirty in Number, but most of them in a promising Way 
of Recovery, only two or three who were quite worn 
away died soon after they were brought ashore; and this 
Day a Servant of mine died, after two or three Months 
Decay and Sickness, whom the Dodlor had small Hopes 
of at first, being of a broken Constitution: And the 
Town in general pretty healthy; though I had the Mis- 
fortune to have commonly two or three of my People ailing 
something or other. 

Tuesday. The Court continued to sit; and Mr, Brown ». 
of Highgate was indidled and arraigned for killing his 
Servant; and at his Request his Trial was put off to an- 
other Day, that he might have such Evidence ready as 
he said he could produce in his Favour. Capt. McKay 
had Orders from the Colonel to proceed this Day with 
five Pettyagua's to convey such Part of the Regiment as 
were appointed for Cumberland Island, Fort St. An- 
drew's, &c. and it was expe<5led that he was gone accord- 
ingly on that Service from the Ships at Tybee. Mr, 
Horton was also sent off to the South, with Orders to 
make Preparations for the Reception of the Remainder 
of the Forces at St. Simon's, which the Colonel hoped to 
see go off, and accompany them himself, in few Days, all 
possible Expedition being used to effedl it. 

Wednesday, ) The Colonel continued to push on the 24. 
Thursday. j Work about getting all Things ready 25. 
for sending the remaining Part of the Forces South, with 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 147 

indefatigable Application; and whatever Service I or my ^^ 

Son could be of to him, his Acceptance of it was a Pleas- ^ 
ure to us. Thursday he went down again to Tybee, and 35. 
returned again at Night. 

Friday. The hurry about transporting the Soldiers ^ 
to St. Simon's &c. beginning to abate, and Matters in 
such Forwardness, that it was expedled they might go off 
in two or three Days, the Colonel resolved to send his 
Sergeant forthwith to Charles-Town, in order to take the 
first Opportunity of a Passage there for England, on 
particular Business which he intrusted him with: Where- 
fore I resolved not to let so fair an Opportunity slip of 
writing, and spent most Part of this Day in preparing 
what Matters I had to send. The Court continuing to 
sit de Die in Diem, till a convenient Day was appointed 
for the Trial of Mr. Brown, one Pat. Grant a Tything-Man, 
who was a weak Man, but conceited in his own Opinion, 
and affedled to distinguish himself in publick, by a pert 
and saucy Behaviour, affronted the Magistrates, by per- 
emptorily refusing to obey their Orders, and setting them 
in open Contempt; for which they very deservedly com- 
mitted him to Goal. 

Saturday. Great Stir made in Behalf of Pat. Grant 27. 
by his Countrymen, to let him out upon Bail, which the 
Magistrates shewed little Inclination to, till by suffering 
a little farther, he grew sensible of his Offence, which he 
shewed no Token of; for in a Letter which he wrote me 
to intercede for him, he said he had made a Protestation 
for Damages and illegal Imprisonment: To which I sent 
him a verbal Answer; that when he acknowledged his 
Crime, and shewed some Penitence, I would use what In- 
terest I could; but till then, there was no Room for me 
to appear in it: for that it was my Duty to do all in my 
Power to strengthen the Magistrates in their lawful Au- 
thority. What Time I had ta <;pafre from attending Col- 
onel Cockran about getting hi^-BjUsiness forward, I made 



148 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

use of in finishing my Work of getting my Dispatches J^ 
that were to go to the Trust ready against to-morrow, ^^ 
when the Colonel intends to send his Serjeant off for 
Charles-Town in his Way for London. In the Evening 
Mr. Causton came to Town from Ockstead, where he was 
retired for a Day or two, to prepare likewise what Dis- 
patches he had to send by the same Han d. 

Sunday. The Colonel sent his Serjeant off for Charles- 28 
Town, as he purposed; to whose Care I committed my 
Letters &c. as Mr. Causton also did his; and I wrote to 
Mr. Hopton to assist him in procuring him as early a 
Passage as possible for London. Mr. Whitfield daily 
manifested his great Abilities in the Ministry; and as his 
Sermons were very moving, it was hoped they would 
make due Impression on his numerous Hearers. 

Monday. The Colonel went down early for Tybee, to 29. 
give his last Orders about the rest of the Men proceed- 
ing for the South; and to take his Leave of the Captain 
of the Phoenix, and returned in the Afternoon: The 
Phoenix sailed presently after to her Station at Charles- 
Town; and Captain Gascoigne in the Hawk, with one of 
the Transports and a Brigantine hired for the Purpose, 
both full of Soldiers, sailed in the Evening for Jekyll 
Sound. Nothing of Moment happened at Savannah. 

Tuesday. The Captain of the other two Transports so. 
which remained yet at Tybee, being now discharged, 
came up to Town, to see the Place, make up Accounts 
with the Colonel and take leave of him. 

Wednesday. This being the Day the Court was ad- gi. 
journed to, when Mr. Brown's Trial was appointed; upon 
his alledging (as before) that he could not have his Wit- 
nesses ready in his Defence, one of whom was Surgeon 
on board the Hawk at the Alatstmaha; the Court indulged 
him farther, till the ordinary Meeting of the next Court, 
which would be holden the Beginning of July. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 149 

Thursday, The Accounts betwixt the Colonel and ^JJL 
the two Captains of the Transports requiring much Time "^^^^ 
to adjust them, wherein two Clerks were employed; 
whilst that was doing, it was proposed to me for their 
Diversion, to go up the River, and shew them something 
•of the Country; whereupon I waited upon them, and Mr. 
Causton did the same: We went first to Tomo Chi- 
chi' s Indian Town, and thence to Mr. Matthew's, where 
we dined; and after looking into that and some other 
Plantations most worth our Notice, so near at Hand, 
which they were pleased at, we returned in the Evening. 

Friday. Colonel Cockran's Affairs of one Kind or «. 
•other, continued to draw my chief Attention; which 
though it took up the greatest of my Time as well as 
tny Son's; so long as we could be useful to him, I thought 
not ill bestowed: The Accounts betwixt him and the 
Captains coming this Day to a Conclusion, they took 
Leave in the Evening, and went down to their Ships, in- 
tending to sail early in the Morning for Virginia: And 
the Colonel now finding himself pretty much at Liberty 
purposed to go South for St Simon's &c. in a Day or two, 
to diredl as he saw needful in those Parts. Mr. Causton 
w ent in the Afternoon for Ockstead, seemingly weary of 
Attendance. 

Saturday. Notwithstanding the Offence given by g 
Pat. Grant to the Magistracy, for which he was justly 
<:ommitted to Prison; upon his Appeal to them for Jus- 
tice, they had several Times given him to understand, that 
they would accept of Bail; but he continued obstinate, 
and seemed determined to offer none; writing frequent 
Letters to all his Acquaintance, and exclaiming against 
their Proceedings as arbitrary and illegal: Among others 
he wrote to me, desiring me to intercede for his Liberty, 
and at the same Time insisting on his being injured; 
which I was so sensible of his Error in, and knowing it 
proceeded merely from Pride, and an Aversion to sub- 



160 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

mit; that I was determined not to appear in his Favour, i^ 
till he came to better Temper, and thought fit to offer ^^^^ 
Bail. In the Evening a Messenger arrived from the 
South, with Letters from Mr. Horton, signifying what 
Preparations he had been making since his Return thither, 
pursuant to the Colonel's Orders; who was greatly satis- 
fied at the Account he received, and now resolved to 
proceed himself thither on Monday. 

Sunday. Mr. Whitfield's Auditors increased daily; *. 
and the Place of Worship was become far too small to 
contain the Numbers of such as sought his Dodlrine, 
which was very prevalent. Mr. Causton came to Town 
in the Evening from Ockstead to wait on the Colonel, 
and take his Leave before he went, which he held his 
Resolution of doing in the Morning. 

Monday. Colonel Cockran, with Lieutenant Dunbar, ^ 
went off this Morning for Ockstead, attended by Mr. 
Causton, with whom they were to dine; and the Scout- 
Boat that was to go hence round, was to take them in 
after Dinner and proceed. My Son and I were at Lib- 
erty now after a close and willing Attachment to the 
Colonel's Affairs, to look after our own again; which by not 
being so well attended as usual; and the Sickness of some 
Servants, as well as the Negledl of others, when not well 
looked after, began to want proper Management in dress- 
ing the Ground, and keeping the Plantation clean. The 
Weather for a Fortnight passed had been exceeding hot, 
more than common so early in the Year, and equal to 
those Months that are usually the hottest; which made 
Rain much wished for, to bring Things forward, which 
began to be at a Stand. 

Tuesday. A Sloop from New- York arrived with Pro- ^ 

visions of sundry Sorts, ( Stanbury Master) consigned 

to Mr. Ab. Minis; i^hich at Mr. Minis's Request, who 
offered them at a lower Rate than ordinary, Mr. Causton 



COLONIAL RECORDS, ^ 151 

took off his Hands into the Stores: And the Day pro- ^^J^ 
duced nothing more worth Note. ^^°® 

Wednesday. Some Informations being made before 7. 
the Magistrates about killing of Cattle; Mr. Causton be- 
ing present at the Examination of the Informers; who 
were a Man and Woman Servants lately of Mr. Ethering- 
ton's of Thunderbolt, whom he had now transferred to 
one Burton of this Town: They set forth several In- 
stances of Cattle and Hogs they had been assisting in 
bringing out of the Woods, at their Master Etherington*s 
command, and were killed and cut up and salted for the 
Use of their said Master, and Mr. Bishop of the same 
Place; that some of the Hogs were driven into Mr. 
Lacy's Yard of the same Place and killed there; but 
whether Mr. Lacy had any Part of them or not, they 
could not say: These Things were alledged to be done 
about December or January last, and the Circumstances 
were so strong, that Warrants were issued out to appre- 
hend the Parties accused or suspedled; but it was said, 
that Etherington was lately gone off. Pat Grant making 
Offer of giving Bail, a proper Recognizance was prepared 
for it; which instead of signing in Form, he underwrote 
a few Words, justifying what he had done, and trifling. 
Lieutenant Delegal, jun. came up in the Afternoon from 
the Pettyagua's, which had landed those Troops at Fort 
St Andrew's, that went under Capt McKay's Command 
from Tybee on the 23d past; and were now going to 
Port- Royal, with the Company which had lain some Time 
at St. Simons: 

Mr. Delegal purposing to tarry no longer here, than to 
give proper Orders for thirteen Men to follow him, which 
Colonel Cockran had left behind to join that Company; 
the Pettyagua's lying at the Mouth of Augustin Creek, 
and waiting Mr. Delegal's Return to them. 

Thursday. Etherington (who was suspedled to have 8» 
been gone off) being apprehended, together with Bishop 



162 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

at Thunderbolt last Night; and Mr. Causton and Christie ^^ 
being both together at Ockstead, Mr. Parker alone ^^^® 
thought fit to commit both, that were charged with such 
Offences, to safe Custody, till the other Magistrates met. 
Upon the Transports sailing away last Week for Virginia, 
it was ordered, that the Pilot should come ashore in one 
^f the Long-Boats, which afterwards was to be employed 
in carrying some Soldiers South, as Colonel Cockran had 
left Orders: But the Ships took the Pilot so far out to 
Sea, as eight Fathom Water; and it being near Night 
and hazy Weather when they came off, they mistook their 
AVay in at Tybee, and striking upon the Shoals of De- 
iuska Sound, the Boat was stranded, and all who were 
in her (being five or six in Number) were in the utmost 
Peril of their Lives, being twenty-six Hours toiling in 
the Water; and when they got ashore beyond all Ex- 
pedlation, their Skins were so burnt and blistered with 
the Violence of the Sun on the Salt Water, that it was 
grievous even to look at. The Pilot and another of 
them that was there, coming to make Report to me 
of what happened; I sent for William Ewen, a trusty 
Servant of Mr. Causton's at the Stores, and advised him 
to send a Boat-Mender immediately, with a Hand or 
two to assist him, and do what they could to save the 
Long-Boat, and bring her up; which Ewen did accord- 
«ingly. 

Friday. Received a letter this Morning by Donald ». 
Stewart (just arrived) from Mr. Hopton at Charles-Town, 
informing me, that Serjeant McKenzie, whom I had 
-recommended to his Care for a Passage to England {znde 
28th ult.) he had at first shipt on board the London Mer- 
chant (Capt. Thomas) but he not sailing so soon as ex- 
pe<5led, he had removed him on Board the Baltick Mer- 
chant (Capt. McKenzie) bound for Cowes in a few Days. 
Mess. Causton and Christie being come to Town, the 
Persons charged with killing Cattle were sent for, and 
'^examined afresh upon several Affidavits made against 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 153 

them: They seemed to appear very easy under the Ac- 21^ 
cusation, which they doubted not (they said) to acquit ^^^^ 
themselves of: Nevertheless the Evidence was so full, 
that the Magistrates thought proper to commit them to 
Prison till they found such Bail as should be judged suf- 
ficient for their forth-coming. Pat Grant at length began 
to listen to his Friends, who had prevailed with him to 
give Bail; whereby he got that Liberty, which for a Fort- 
night past he would not accept. A sudden Blast of 
Wind which happened this Day, gave us Hopes of Change 
of Weather, and some Abatement of Heat, which had 
continued exceedingly violent to an uncommon Degree 
ever since the Middle of May; insomuch that People 
began to be apprehensive, from so early a scorching 
Drought, that their Plantations would fail much; all 
Things being at a Stand, and their Growth stopt for Lack 
of Moisture. 



10. 



Saturday. All present ProspeA of Rain vanished 
again, and sultry Heat returned. A Sloop came up ( — ; — 
Monro Master) wherein, among other Traffick, were sev- 
eral Horses for Sale, of good Size and Strength, brought 
from Rhode Island; but the Prices asked for them was 
such as did not suit well with the Inhabitants Pockets of 
Savannah; and probably they would require a fitter Mar- 
ket. Mr. Causton came and spent a few Hours in Town 
dispatching Business, and returned again soon to Ock- 
stead. 



Sunday. The Men that went to Tybee to look after ii. 
the Long-Boat which was stranded, came up re infeSla, 
the Gale of Wind which happened on Friday making 
such a Sea where she lay, that she was staved all to 
Pieces, and utterly lost; the Grapple-Rope which held 
her awhile being rotten, breaking; and the Grapple 
(which they brought with them) was very feeble, and of 
little Value. 

This being the King's Inauguration Day, was observed 



164 COLONIAL RECORDS, 

with the usual Solemnity; The Flag displayed, the Guns ,i^ 
fired, and the Magistrates and principal Inhabitants as- ^il^ 
sembled at the Guard-House at Noon, drank his Majesty 
and the Royal Family's Healths, and afterwards the hon- 
ourable Trustees, our Captain-General's good Arrival, 
and Prosperity to the Colony. Mr. Whitfield spared no 
Pains in expounding the Scriptures, with much Eloquence, 
both before Noon and After. A Servant of Mr. Lacy's 
of Thunberbolt, at present at Augusta, brought a Letter 
from his Master thence to Mr. Causton (unluckily for 
himself) being one who was charged in some of those 
Affidavits lately made concerning killing of Cattle,. with 
being a Person assisting in that Work; wherefore being 
examined before the Magistrates, he was committed to 
Prison with those who were sent thither on Friday. Mr. 
Causton came to Town in the Morning, and returned to 
Dinner with his Family at Ockstead. 

Monday. Mr. Causton upon his coming to Town, sat 12. 
awhile with me, entering into a free Conversation; and I 
found him much chagrined under an Apprehension lest 
too much Credit should be given by the Trustees to what 
has been represented by his Adversaries, particularly 
Mr. Wesley, and those who were the principal Promoters 
of that Representation, wherein so many Crimes were 
laid to his Charge without any Proof. Then he com- 
plained of the Uneasiness which the Office that he exe- 
cuted was attended with; for whatever Caution he used, 
he found still new Complaints from one or other, who 
thought themselves injured, be the Case what it would; 
and unless his Authority was better supported, it would 
be impossible for him to maintain it as it ought to be. 
What had happened betwixt him and Mr. Wesley, and 
that memorable Grand Jury, before I came, I could say 
but little to; though I did not forget how great Discord 
I found (almost universal) among them: But I could not 
forbear replying, that I saw little or no Cause at present, 
why he thought his Authority lessened; for that I had 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 156 

observed all the Courts of late holden preserved a due .ilJi, 
Dignity, and all ready Obedience was paid to their De- ^il^ 
terminations in general; and whereinsoever any Person 
had given Offence in his Behaviour, the Court very 
justly had laid their Hands on him; which nobody pre- 
sumed to dispute the Legality of; and the Chief Thing 
that I conceived wanting from the Trustees for the better 
establishing the Rights of the People, and the Authority 
of the Magistrates, was their Decision of that one Ques- 
tion only, how far a Grand Jury, after being impanelled, 
and receiving a Charge from the Court, had Power of 
themselves to administer an Oath to any Person whom 
they thought fit to summon; and by Virtue of such Oath 
proceed to make what Enquiries they pleased into the 
Behaviour of all Persons in public Office: And as I had 
laid it before the Trustees, I would not doubt their De- 
termination thereon. In our farther Discourse he touched 
upon another Affair, which I thought indeed worth No- 
tice; and that was concerning the Hardships we lie under 
here in relation to such Servants as run away, and find 
Shelter in Carolina: A fresh Instance of which he gave 
in a Wench who run away from her Master some Time 
since, and being lately discovered in Charles-Town, was 
pursued and taken in a Man's Service there; who going 
with them before a Justice of Peace, and her former 
Master producing her Indenture duly executed and as- 
signed in Form to him; which Indenture too was printed 
on Parchment in the Manner diredled by the Trustees; 
the Justice made no Scruple to vacate the Indenture by 
his own Authority, declaring her to be free, though she 
had two Years yet to serve: Which carried with it such 
Consequence, that any of our Servants, who can escape 
thither, may reasonably expedl the same Freedom, for 
the like Reason given by the Justice, viz. that such In- 
denture was never authorized by any Justice of Peace in 
England. Which if it holds good, it is to be feared few 
or no Masters have a Right to their Servants for Want of 
such Allowance. Mr. Causton returned to Ockstead 



156 CX)LONIAL RECORDS. 

about Noon, and nothing of Significance happened within ,1J^ 
the Compass of my Knowledge during the Remainder "^la"® 
of the Day. 

Tuesday. The long Drought and excessive Heat ^^ 
which this Country continued to feel, made a great many 
People look heavily, who had taken true Pains on their 
Land, and began to have small Hopes of reaping any 
Fruit of their Labour; which was a melancholy Consider- 
ation. Mr. Causton continued in the Country. 

Wednesday. It being intended to send a Boat off for h. 
St. Simon's, with five or more of the Soldiers who were 
left behind, I wrote some Letters to go by the Convey- 
ance; but Mr. Causton continuing at Ockstead under 
some Indisposition (as we heard) it was deferred till to- 
morrow and nothing material happened this Day. 

Thursday. Mr. Andrews, an Indian Trader among is. 
the Chicasaws (of whom vide antea 24 April.) acquainted 
me, that he had just now received Intelligence, the Choc- 
taws, who were in Alliance with the French, had fallen 
out with them, and made Peace with the Chicasaws; and 
that thereupon the Remnant of them who had been per- 
suaded by the People of Carolina to settle in that Prov- 
ince, were all returned again to their former Habitations; 
which we looked on as a Piece of good News; and Mr. 
Andrews was resolved to make haste to them into that 
Country, to attend their Resettlement, and wait Colonel 
Oglethorpe's coming thither, when he would give a full 
Account of all that happened. Mr. Causton came to 
Town, and after writing some Letters to go South, the 
Boat was dispatched that was designed yesterday with 
those Soldiers. An Indian Trading Boat arrived, laden 
with the usual TraflSck of those Nations, Part on account 
of Mr. Brownfield, in return for Goods sold by him to 
our Traders in those Parts; and it was said that she had 
no less than eight thousand Weight of Skins; of such 



COLONIAL EECORDS. 167 

Value is that Trade, Mr. Causton returned to Ockstead ^^ 
in the Evening. -^Ji^^ 

Friday. A Boat from Frederica with Letters to Mr. w. 
Causton, myself, and others, of various Signification. En- 
sign Tolson of Capt. Norbury's Company, who was 
left behind when that Company went from St. Si- 
mon's to Port-Royal, now came after; and took with 
him one Soldier only belonging to that Company, who 
staid sick after his Comrades were gone (who were twelve 
that went away for Port-Royal, pursuant to Lieutenant 
Delegal's Orders of the 7th, and followed him in a Day 
or two after) vide June 7. A small Thunder-Shower 
fell, which was a little refreshing, but reached not the 
Root. 

Saturday. The Heat was so excessive, that few Peo- n. 
pie dared stir Abroad; the like having not been known 
before, since the first Comers settled (as they reported) 
so early in the Year. A Planter of Carolina, who was at 
one of our publick Houses, where he dined, and was 
well in Appearance, after Dinner complaining that the 
Heat overcame him, sat down in a Chair, and died sud- 
denly: The Town in General, nevertheless, was as healthy 
hitherto, as had been observed at any Time since I first 
knew it, which was more than two Years. 

Sunday. Mr. Whitfield went on captivating the People i8» 
with his moving Discourses; which it was to be hoped 
would have a good Effedl in reforming a great many 
loose Livers, who heard him gladly, and seemed to give 
due Attention. A Child being brought to Church to be 
baptized, he performed that Office after the usual Man- 
ner, by sprinkling; which gave a great Content to many 
People, that had taken great Distaste at the Form of 
Dipping, so stridlly required, and so obstinately with- 
stood by some Parents, that they have suffered their Chil- 
dren to go a long while without the benefit of that Sacra- 



158 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

mcnt, till a convenient Opportunity could be found of ^22:^ 
another Minister to do that Office; and it is well if some ^i£* 
luke warm Parents have not wholly negledled it, and 
suffered their Children, whether living or dying, to re- 
main in a State of Heathenism. Mr. Causton came to 
Church from Ockstead in the Morning, and returned 
thither at Night. The Boat which came from the South 
last Friday, being a Canoe properly belonging to Savan- 
nah, which Mr. Causton bought in the Winter purposely 
{as he said) for expediting any Part of the Service as 
Occasion required; upon seeing her now disengaged, I 
told Mr. Causton, that I thought a better Opportunity 
could not offer for me to take a Trip up the River among 
the Settlements^ which I had long ago proposed, that I 
might inform the Trustees, as my Duty required: To 
which Mr. Causton agreed; and I determined to go upon 
it in few Days. 

Monday. Another Boat from Frederica, with two or !•• 
three Inhabitants of that Place as Passengers, on their 
own private Affairs; and some Letters, &c. A Boat of 
our Town being ordered to go thither with some Provis- 
ions, I wrote by her in Answer to what I had lately re- 
ceived from Mr. Horton. This Afternoon we had much 
Thunder &c. which was followed by a smart Shower, 
very refreshing and comfortable, which gave Room to 
hope, that a great deal of Corn, and other Things planted, 
which lay in a withering State, might yet produce some- 
thing; though it was too Apparent that so long a Drought, 
and such extraordinary Heats, had exceedingly lessened 
the fair Prospedl there once was of a plentiful Crop; in- 
somuch that it was computed it would fall short at least 
one Half of what most People reckoned. An unhappy 
Accident happened on the River, where a Boat was going 
with Half a Dozen Men in her, and some Provisions in- 
tended for some Settlements beyond Skeedoway; but 
(by what Means does not appear certainly; it is said they 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 159 

were drunk) three of them were drowned, two of which i^ 
were Jews, not Freeholders. 19. 

Tuesday. Passed the most Part of this Day looking 20. 
into my Plantations, and advising what I saw needful to 
improve the Benefit of Yesterday's Rain, as far as might 
be. Talking with Mr. Whitfield in the Evening of the 
Difficulty I lay under in fulfilling the Order of the Trustees 
about sending them an Account of the Births, Burials, 
&c. by reason of my not coming at the Register since 
Mr. Wesley left us; he told me he had got it, and that 
Mr. Causton had lately got it of him, intending (as he 
supposed) the same Thing. 

Wednesday. Resolving to defer my going up the si- 
River no longer, and looking into the several Settlements 
bordering upon it; I had some Talk with Mr. Causton 
thereon, who I found was very desirous of coming at 
the Knowledge of many Things, which he suspedled were 
concealed from him, and seemed apprehensive I might 
discover something u'pon View, more perfcdlly than he 
could from such Reports as were made him. It was for 
this Reason (as I conceived) that he advised me by all 
Means to take somebody with me as a Companion, who 
was well acquainted with those Parts, and knew all the 
People there; so that he would be of good Use to me in 
my Enquiry; at the same Time recommending Bailiff 
Parker as a fit Person; and therefore knowing him to be 
very capable of assisting, I readily accepted the Offer. 
Late in the Evening Capt. Dunbar arrived from St. Si- 
mon's, by whom I had Letters from Mr. Horton and 
Capt. Gascoigne, and one under Cover from the Captain 
for Capt. Fanshaw, Commander of the Phoenix at Charles- 
Town, superscribed for his Majesty's Service, which he 
desired me to send forward by the first Opportunity, 

Thursday. Having the Fore-part of the Day pre- 22. 
pared what was needful for the Execution of what I was 



160 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

going upon; in the Afternoon, about Four, I took a Boat ,^^ 
and four Oars, and set off together with Bailiff Parker: "^Ig? 
Before Night came full on, we got the Length of Joseph- 
Town, where we rested that Night with Mr. Cuthbert. 

Friday. In the Forenoon viewed his Plantation, *'• 
where were thirty Acres cleared and well planted; then 
we looked into Capt. McKay*s, where the Number of 
Acres cleared in former Years was computed at about 
fifty, whereof twenty-four were this Year planted. Then 
after Dinner, the Tide helping, we went to Purysburgh, 
and lay there that Night. 

Saturday. Proceeded up the River to Ebenezer, 24. 
where we arrived about Noon. In the Evening walked 
over all the Plantations, which consisted partly of two- 
Acre Lots, and partly of Land lying in Common, which 
they had cultivated, and for this Year appropriated to 
themselves, enclosed mostly under one Fence, their 
proper lots not being run out till this last Spring, and 
then not perfected; lying moreover almost wholly on the 
Pine-Barren, where they apprehended it would be lost 
Labour, and therefore would wait in Hopes of better 
Land being assigned them farther down the River: What 
they had planted, appeared done exceedingly well; but by 
reason of the Difference of Seed (as every where else in 
the Province) great Part of it was in no wise equal to 
that which was planted with better. 

Sunday. Rode in the Morning to Old Ebenezer, dis- 25. 
coursed Joseph Barker, who had the Care of the Trust's 
Cattle, and the Cow-Pen, in those Parts; which there 
must be supposed a great Stock of; took what Account 
of them he was able to give; which being imperfe<5land 
unsatisfactory, I appointed to be with him again in a Day 
or two; against when, he was to bring as many of them 
together as he could, that we might see them. When 
the Heat of the Day was over, and divine Service ended, 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 161 

that was in an unknown Tongue to us, we returned to ^^ 
Ebenezer-Town, which is eight Miles; Cooper and his ^Jb?* 
Comrade Smithard (the Millwrights) seemed to avoid us, 
by keeping close within till the Afternoon; and then 
they went out in the Woods a shooting, whilst we viewed 
the Saw-Mill without them. 

Monday. Spent the Forenoon in taking an exadt ^^ 
List of the Inhabitants, with their Names and Family, 
&c. and after being exceedingly well pleased at the good 
Order and Economy those People lived in, in the Even- 
ing we rode again to Old Ebenezer, where we met sev- 
eral of the Indian Traders, on their Return from Savan- 
nah to the Nations, taking their Abode this Night with 
Barker at the Cow-Pen; as we also did; but finding the 
House full, we purposed to have rested in the House 
where Cooper and Smithard lived; till on our going there, 
and finding one Sommers (a Servant) with the Small-Pox 
out full upon him, and nevertheless walking about and 
doing his ordinary Business; I took upon me to rebuke 
him, telling him how wicked a Thing it was tor him to 
appear Abroad in that Manner; whereby People who 
were frequently travelling that Way were in Danger of 
catching it; which at this Time raged so in the Province 
of Carolina (where he had lately been and got it) and 
this was the ready Way to make it spread over all Geor- 
gia; wherefore it was highly necessary for him to keep 
Close, &c. to all which he gave me surly Answers, and 
seemed to give no Heed to it: Upon which I applied my- 
self to Cooper, under whom he worked, and told him it 
behooved him to confine him; but he and his Partner 
likewise making light of my Advice, and talking imperti- 
nently, I left them, not well pleased, and returned to 
Barker's, where we shifted among the Croud as well as 
we could. 

Tuesday. At my Request the Saw-Mill was set a go- 27. 
ing for a very little while. Water being very low (the 

U r— ▼©! 4 



162 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

River throughout indeed was reckoned as low as ever i^ 
was known in the Memory of Man) and they were mend- ''y?.® 
ing the Race for the back Water to go off quick: The 
Mill went heavily (as might be cxpeAed) the Work ap- 
peared sufficient and well done in all its Parts; but I 
doubted whether or not when the Creek was full, the 
back Water would go readily oflE; which Cooper assured 
me there was no Fear of: The Creek being at present so 
low in Water, Abundance of Stumps, fallen Trees, and 
other Impediments, appeared fully; which made me ap- 
prehensive what Difficulty might be found in floating the 
Ware down, when cut; which Cooper acknowledged 
could not be, except when the Freshets came down, 
which he said would be sufficiently frequent, from 
what he observed during the Time he had been there: 
Then I asked him how much longer Time he thought it 
would take to finish his Work, so that the Mill might be 
constantly employed on the Business of the Trust that it 
was built for; and he told me, that he expedled in two 
Months more he should compleat it all; and it might 
have been ended some Months sooner, had not good 
Part of the Men been taken from him, which were at 
first allowed. The Indian Traders, after gratifying their 
Curiosity in seeing the Mill work, went on their Journey; 
and I had afterwards some Talk again with Cooper and 
Smithard, about the Fellow's being confined who had 
the Small-Pox; but I found it was to little Purpose, and 
the Fellow himself talked so saucily, huffing and swear- 
ing, and setting me at nought, that I desired Bailiff Par- 
ker to take Notice of it; who promised me he would in 
a proper Time and Place. After farther Talk with Bar- 
ker, and Enquiry about the Trust's Cattle, many of which 
I perceived had not been brought together this Spring, 
nor duly marked and numbered; all which I took proper 
Notes of: In the Evening we took Horse and rode to 
Abercorne, about twelve Miles, where we had ordered 
the Boat to meet us, being a great Way round. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 163 

Wednesday. The Morning was taken up looking into iJ^ 
what Improvements were being made, which were but ^^*|* 
few, most of the present Settlers being newly come in 
the Room of such as had deserted the Place. I noted 
what I thought needful, and then we took Boat, and 
went back to Joseph-Town, where in our Way up the 
River before, we had viewed the Plantations of Mess. 
Pat McKay, Dunbar and Cuthbert: We now walked 
through the Land that had been occupied by Sir Francis 
Bathurst, where little had been done during his Life, and 
since it was wholly negledled; thence we continued our 
Walk through that Land which Augustin had possessed, 
but very little of it had been cultivated, and it was all 
deserted by him, as well as the Saw-Mill, which he at- 
tempted to make some Distance higher up that Creek: 
The Boat arriving, which we had sent round several 
Miles about a Point, while we travelled the Isthmus to 
the proper Place of meeting it, we made our Way again 
down the River, and passing by several Lands granted to 
Mr. Williams and some of his Family, we stopped at 
the principal Plantation, where we found several com- 
modious Buildings, fit for carrying on the Work, about 
twenty Acres of Land well planted, and several more 
cleared, besides five or six Acres more on the Lot be- 
longing to them, next adjoining: Thence we proceeded 
by Water, and passing by a TraA of Land of five hun- 
dred Acres (not known whether granted to any Person 
or not) and two Trust Lots, we came the close of the 
Evening to Mr. Matthew's, where we were glad to stay 
all Night and refresh ourselves. 

Thursday. Looked over Mr. Matthew's Plantation in 29. 
the Morning, which consisted of about thirty Acres well -» 

planted, and good Part of it had been ploughed; be- 
sides several Acres more cleared, but not yet cultivated. 
Afterwards we went to see the Neighboring Lots, the 
first of which was belonging to the Trust, where Mr. 
Cooksey (a Freeholder in Town) had made a Settlement, 



164 COLONIAL EECOEDS. 

and planted about five Acres, presuming upon his obtain- ,i^ 
ing a Lease from the Trust: The next to that was a five ^^^ 
hundred Acre Lot, which goes by the Name of Capt. 
Watson's; but (as I am informed) he never had any real 
Grant, and what small Improvements he had formerly 
made, we saw; which was only Part of a Shell of a 
House, never nigh perfedled, and now ruinous and rot- 
ten, nothing having been done upon it for many Years 
past; and only an Acre or two of the Land had formerly 
been opened from the Timber on it, but never cultivated 
or planted, and thro' long Negledl, that was grown full 
of Underwood again: The next was a Lot of one hundred 
and fifty Acres belonging to Isaac Young, which run 
home to Pipemakers Creek, and is the Bounds betwixt 
us and the Indian Land; here we found no Improvements 
neither; the Land (it seems) though granted some Time 
since, was not run out till this Spring, which Young im- 
puted to the Backwardness and Ill-will of those who 
had the ordering of it: Next above that, on the same 
Creek, Mr. Amory has begun a Settlement, who came 
over last Winter, and expe<5ls to find as much Land there, 
not before run out, as will answer the Amount of his 
Grant: The Ground is low, for which Reason what he 
has planted, which is about five or six Acres, is with 
Rice. Having gone to the full Extent of the Settle- 
ments on the River Savannah, in the Afternoon we made 
our Way Home, and landed about five a Clock. A re- 
freshing Thunder Shower fell this Day where we had 
been; but at Savannah (we understood) it was much 
heavier there, and the Thunder and Lightning so sharp, 
that it shook the Corner of a House, where was a con- 
siderable Magazine of the Necessaries for the Regiment, 
bursting open the Door, Window, &c. and setting the 
Roof on Fire; but it was presently extinguished, and no 
farther Damage sustained: And the most remarkable 
News we heard farther, from the South, was worse; 
where one of our Town Boats, lately sent thither with 
some of the Soldiers newly recovered, having privately 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 165 

some Rum aboard; the Soldiers in those Parts hearing ^^ 
of it, went on board, and getting drunk with it, two of ^J^]® 
them were drowned by oversetting the Boat they went 
ashore in: And at Darien, a most unhappy Accident be- 
fell Mr. Mcintosh's Family, whose two Sons (young 
Lads) being swimming in the River, an Alligator snapped 
one, and carried him quite oflE. What else we learnt, 
that was most worth Note since our being Abroad was, 
that Libelling began to grow much in Use; for that some 
few Days since a Paper was fixed to the most publick 
Places, abusing the Magistrates in the most gross Terms, 
and throwing some scandalous Reflexions upon others 
also; among others, I was not suffered to escape without 
a little Dirt: And shortly after, some Pieces of Wit and 
Satire were published in fhe same Manner, exposing the 
Charadlers of some of the other Sex, who indeed had 
made themselves too obnoxious by their late Behaviour. 

Friday. Very hot Weather, and being a little fatigued so. 
with my late Expedition, made me content to confine 
myself this Day at Home, and make an Extradl of my 
Proceedings from such Minutes as I had taken, in order 
to lay them before the Trustees, with the next Packet 
that I sent. 

Saturday. Spent my Time much in the same Manner jniy 
at Home, and found nothing when I went Abroad worth 
committing to Paper. 

Sunday. Mr. Whitfield gained more and more on the 2. 
AEfedlions of the People by his Labour and Assiduity in 
the Performance of divine Offices; to which an open and 
easy Deportment, without shew of Austerity, or Singularity 
ot Behaviour in Conversation, contributed not a little, 
and opened the Way for him to inculcate good Precepts 
with greater Success among his willing Hearers. Mr. 
Causton came to Town this Morning from Ockstead, 
whom I had not seen since my Return Home; and 
after Church we had Leisure for a free Conversation. 



166 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Monday; Mr. Whitfield sent me the Register, which i^ 
I had been asking for a little while since, that was left ^s}' 
by Mr. Wesley, and which he told me was in Mr. Caus- 
ton's Hands: And instead of finding it contain an Ac- 
count of the Births, and Burials, &c. I was surprised to 
see it filled with the Names of Communicants at the 
Sacrament, where their Number and Day of receiving 
was carefully preserved; which I took Notice was gene- 
rally the same Number and Persons; but what Use Mr. 
Wesley proposed to make of it, I cannot pretend to 
judge, neither could I think it worth my copying. 

Tuesday. A Boat arrived with one Wright, a Prisoner 4. 
in Custody, taken up by Mr. Lacy, and sent by him 
from Augusta, by Virtue of a Warrant issued out to ap- 
prehend him some Months since; for that he was a law- 
less Person, trading among the Indians, without Licence, 
either from Carolina or Georgia, and stirring up Mischief 
of dangerous Consequence among those Nations; one of 
their chief Men, through his Instigation, lately asking 
who it was made Tomo Chichi such a great Person, to give 
away Lands which he had nothing to do with? and at 
the same Time claiming a Property in those Lands about 
Augusta. Wright had also been charged with demolish- 
ing, by his own Hands, one of the first Huts we had 
built there, and now lately with Pistols in his Girdle in- 
sulting the Men at the Fort: For all which he was this 
Day committed to our Goal. N. B. It was said at his 
first coming over he was a Transport Convl<5l. In the 
Afternoon Mr. Upton called on me, newly arrived from 
Frederica; in the Neighborhood of which he began a 
Settlement upon some Land by Virtue of a Grant, &c. 
He came over in November last with Capt. Thompson, 
with a Wife and a some few Servants: But after building 
some convenient Housing, and clearing and planting 
some Ground, finding it likely to fail and the Crop to 
come to little, he is grown so discouraged, that he told 
me he resolved to be at no farther Pains or Charge 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 167 

about it; wherefore under that Resolution he had brought iJ^ 
away his Wife with him, intimating, that he hoped some ^^[^ 
Land might be assigned him in this Part of the Province, 
where he would try farther; otherwise he professed him- 
self determined to quit it all together; to all which I 
gave Ear, but thought it best to say but little, till I knew 
more. 

Wednesday. Finding myself under some Indisposi- 5. 
tion, I kept Home all Day to avoid the Heat, which was 
grown excessive; and made Use of my Pen and Ink to 
such Purposes as I thought needful; nothing happening 
Abroad, that I could learn worth Notice. 

Thursday. The same with Yesterday, e. 

Friday. This being the anniversary Day whereon 7. 
the first Court was holden for the Town and County of 
Savannah, it was observed with the usual Solemnity; 
when Mr. Whitfield preached a good Sermon suitable to 
the Occasion, &c. after which the Court that stood ad- 
journed, was opened; and a Grand Jury being sworn, a 
proper Charge was given, relating especially to several 
Matters that would come within their Enquiry as crim- 
inal; whereon to find Bills of Indidtment, or not, accord- 
ing to the Evidence given; too many lying in Prison at 
this Time under Commitment, being charged with Of- 
fences of the highest Nature, viz. Hetherington and 
Bishop, Landholders at Thunderbolt, together with Fran- 
cis Elgar, a late Servant of Mr. Lacy's there, these three 
for killing Cattle: Wright lately sent down from Augusta, 
for what Crimes Notice is before taken (4th Instant) and 
to these must be added Mr. Brown of Highgate, not yet 
tried for killing his Servant, but indulged by the late 
Court till now, for making his better Defence. 

Saturday. The Grand Jury applied themselves to ^ 
the proper Business before them, without any Marks of 
contending for more Power than belonged to them; as 



168 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

some of the former had discovered they aimed at; and }j^ 
not only found all the Bills exhibited against the Pris- ^^]^ 
oners for Felony, Misdemeanours &c. but one also against 
the Wife of Mr. Lacy, whom they found by the Evi- 
dence to be privy to the killing of divers Cattle, and as- 
sisted in salting and barrelling the Meat, knowing it be- 
longed to other People: They also presented the Papers 
fixed up in publick Places by Persons unknown, scandal- 
ously reviling the Magistrates and others, as abusive and 
malicious Libels, tending to disturb the Peace of the 
Colony; and thro' their whole Proceedings shewed them- 
selves to be good Men: For which the Court returned 
them due Thanks when they were discharged in the 
Evening. 

Sunday. The Church continued well filled both before ». 
Noon and after. 

Monday. The Court sitting, I attended it most Part lo. 
of the Day, when the three Persons indidled for killing 
Cattle were arraigned, and pleaded not guilty; but at 
their own Request their Trials put oflE till to-morrow; 
and the Day was chiefly taken up in trying civil AAions, 
which was done with just Decency. Three Servants run- 
ning away from their Masters last Night, and stealing a 
Canoe; some proper Persons were sent in Quest of them 
up the River, on Suspicion they were gone by the Way 
of Purysburgh, it being the Course which some others 
had before taken, and (it was to be doubted) had found 
too ready Assistance there. 

Tuesday. The Court sat, and Hetherington and Bishop ii. 
came upon their Trial for killing a Steer, being the Prop- 
erty of a Person unknown. Hetherington, when the 
Jury was called, demanded as his Right to challenge 
twenty personally and peremptorily, without any Reason 
alledged, which he insisted on a long while, as conform- 
able to the Statute Laws of England; but therein he was 
over-ruled by the Court; for were that allowed, it would 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 169 

hardly be possible to find a Jury many Times in such a ,il^ 
new-planted Colony; moreover it appeared by the Con- "^i^/ 
stitution framed by the Trustees, that on such Cases six 
and no more were allowed to be challenged peremptorily 
by the Prisoner; and the like Number, if it was thought 
proper, by the Constable in behalf of the King. After 
much Wrangling, at length they proceeded; and the 
Proof being very strong that the two Prisoners had shot 
the Steer, and 'after cutting it into Quarters, they and 
their Servants by Order had carried it Home to Thunder- 
bolt, where they divided it, and buried the Skin privately; 
the Prisoners withal not endeavouring to shew what 
Property they had in it, and only endeavouring in their 
Defence to invalidate the Testimony of the Witnesses, 
who they said were their Servants, and swore against 
them maliciously; the Jury found them both guilty. This 
holding several Hours, and the Heat so excessive in 
Court, they were obliged to adjourn till to-morrow. In 
the Evening we had much Thunder, and some Rain. 

Wednesday. The Prisoners convidl sent a Letter to 12. 
the Magistrates, demanding Arrest of Judgment on the 
Verdidl Yesterday; and also as there were several more 
Bills of IndiAment found against them for Offences of 
like Nature, that they would stop any farther Proceedings 
till the Opinion of the Trustees could be known, concern- 
ing the Manner of their being brought on their Trials; 
which was (as they alledged) contrary to Law: The first 
Part of what they asked, they were answered should be 
readily complied with; for that the Magistrates were in no 
Haste to give Judgment, and they would have all the 
Opportunity of applying to the Trustees they desired; 
but forasmuch as there was one more (namely Francis 
Elgar) who stood indidled likewise for Crimes of the 
same Kind, and who if convidled, would equally demand 
Arrest of Judgment; it would be necessary first to try 
him on one Indidlment, which they could not do dis- 
tiniSly from them, because they were all equally charged 



170 COLONIAL RECORDS. 



1788. 



on that Indidlment: Wherefore upon the Court sitting, 
when the Prisoners came to the Bar, Hetherington in a ^i^ 
very insolent and audacious Manner protested against the 
Proceedings of the Court, which he declared he would 
not submit to, and that it was a Combination against him, 
behaving himself very rudely, and turning his Back to 
the Bar; which when he was admonished of, he little re- 
garded, but was by a kind of Violence compelled by the 
Officers in Court to stand in a decent Posture.* Elgar, 
who had been a Servant of Mr. Lacy's, and seemtd at 
present under the Diredlion of Heatherington, said like- 
wise, that he could not submit to be so tried; but it was 
with a little more Modesty: Till at length they were told 
they might make their Defence or not, as they pleased; 
but as they had all been arraigned, and pleaded Not guilty, 
the Court would instantly goon; which they did, and the 
Substance of the Indidlment being, that they had killed 
and taken away twelve Hogs, the Property of Henry Par- 
ker (Bailiff) it was fully proved, that a large Drove of 
Hogs coming one Day into the Neighbourhood of Thun- 
derbolt, the three Prisoners went out with their Guns and 
shot four of them, which they brought Home and singed; 
and afterwards driving a good Number of them into an 
enclosed Place belonging to Mr. Lacy, they there made 
Choice of eight more of the best of them, which they 
stuck, after turning the rest of them out into the Woods; 
then they scalded and dressed them, and in the Evening 
cut them all into four, five, or six Pound Pieces, which 
they divided into three Shares, and took severally to their 
own Homes, viz. one third Part foi Hetherington, one for 
Bishop, and one for Elgar's Mistress, Mrs. Lacy, who 
was privy to all that was done. To prove that the Prop- 
erty was in Mr. Parker, the Evidence swore, that they 
had seen the same Hogs divers Times before, both in that 
Neighbourhood and elsewhere; and they were generally 
known to be his; and that Mr. Parker came particularly 
to look after them once, and finding them there, got them 
driven Home. Mr. Parker (who sat not in Judgment, 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 171 

but appeared as an Evidence) swore that he had lost not ^^ 
only twelve Hogs, but divers more; and one of the Hogs ^i^ 
Faces being produced in Court with the two Ears on, he 
swore that his Hogs were marked with the same Ear- 
mark, tho' he did not take upon him to swear positively 
from thence that it was his Hog: But there being little 
or no Defence made by the Prisoners, Elgar, saying only, 
that what he did was by his Mistress's Orders, and he 
never questioned hers or his Master's Property; and the 
other two Prisoners being as good as their Word, and not 
offering to say any Thing during the whole Trial, but 
standing mute and sullen, the Jury found no Difficulty in 
finding them all three guilty. This being so over, was 
thought (upon a Conference) sufficient for the Trustees 
to form their Judgment on, and to resolve any Scruples in 
Point of Law, which might appear difficult till better ad- 
vised; wherefore the several remaining Indidlments might 
well be traversed to some future Session; and in the 
mean Time Mrs. Lacy, who also stood indidled, was 
nevertheless through great Indulgence and Tenderness 
in regard to her Sex, and the Charadler of her Husband, 
admitted to give Bail for her Appearance at the next 
Court: After which the Court adjourned to Friday Morn- 
ing. 

Thursday. The three runaway Servants before- men- is. 
tioned, being overtaken about twelve Miles beyond 
Purysburgh, on their Travel thence toward Charles-Town, 
and brought back; it is to be noted what Report the Pur- 
suers made after their Return, of the Treatment they 
found in that Country where they said they were Appre- 
hensive of being mobbed, and having those Prisoners 
rescued; and upon their making Application to Mr. Le- 
fete, a Justice of Peace in those Parts, for Assistance, by 
a Letter from Mr. Causton diredled to all Magistrates 
there, and praying their Aid in apprehending those Peo- 
ple, who were described in a hue and cry requiring all 
Persons in the Province of Georgia to assist in it; he threw 



172 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

the Letter aside with Contempt, saying Mr. Causton had ilJL 

nothing to do in Carolina Another notable Instance ^^7 

of the Good-will too many of that Province bear towards 
the Colony of Georgia. 

Friday. Attended the Court again, where Hethering- i*« 
ton being sent for, and asked if he could shew Cause 
why those Servants of his whom he had employed in com- 
mitting those Felonies, which they had given Evidence 
of should not be discharged from their Indentures; he 
behaved with great Insolence, and appearing much dis- 
ordered with Drink, was taken out of Court, not without 
being threatened to be laid by the Heels: Upon the 
Court's adjournment at Noon, he wrote Mr. Causton a 
short Letter, with some Appearance in it of coming to a 
better Temper; whereupon as soon as the Court sat after 
Dinner, he was sent for again; when he continued the 
same Behaviour as before, seeming to shew an utter Con- 
tempt, as well as an open Defiance of the Magistrates; 
and he was then sentdiredlly to the Stocks; from whence 
after an Hour sitting there, he was carried back to Prison, 
there to wait the Result of what he had been conviAed 
of on two Indidlments together with Bishop; But Elgar 
(who was also found guilty on one Indidlment with them) 
behaving with due Submission, the Court considering 
that what he had done, was as a Servant by Diredlion 
from whom he served; granted him an Enlargement, on 
condition that he found sufficient Bail for his Appearance 
next Court, &c. Wright also, who had been charged 
with divers Enormities among the Indian Nations, and 
in the Neighbourhood of Augusta, was admitted to Bail, 
provided he could find sufficient Sureties for his Appear- 
ance when required. Mr. Brown, who stood indidled 
ever since the last Session for Murder, and had met with 
so much Indulgence from the Court, to put off his Trial, 
on his Pretence of a material Evidence in his Favour, 
whom at that Time he could not come at; and moreover 
was permitted to live in Custody of an Officer in the Town 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 173 

at his House, instead of being closely confined in the Goal, ^^ 
now became importunate to have his Trial come on, ^i^^ 
though that Witness which he before wanted was not yet 
found: But now it was so contrived, that one of the 
strongest Evidence for the King was missing, and it was 
suspe<5led (not without Reason) that he was stifled and 
spirited aside: Wherefore the Court was of Opinion, 
that there was an equal Reason now, to defer the Trial 
in Behalf of the King, as before in Behalf of Mr. Brown; 
and a Reward of lo/. Sterling was publickly advertised for 
whoever should take that Witness; whom they were not 
without Hopes of coming at. Mr. Brown hereupon be- 
came outrageous, and publickly caused a Paper to be fixed 
up at the Door of the Court-House, inveighing bitterly 
against the illegal and arbitrary Treatment he met with, 
appealing to the People in general of all Ranks and De- 
grees through the Colony to consider his Case, and de- 
cide it for him in such Manner as they saw good; after 
which the Court did not think he merited any Enlarge- 
ment, but left him to think a little farther of it under 
proper Confinement in the common Prison; and having 
gone through generally what other Matters were before 
them, the Court made a short adjournment to this Day 
Se'nnight. 

Saturday. Spent this Day wholly at Hampstead and is. 
Highgate, taking a particular Account of the State of 
those two Villages, by their Families and several Planta- 
tions. At my Return Home my Son met me with the 
News of my Hut being burnt to the Ground, which I had 
caused to be set up in the Winter for my Servants to live 
in, that I might employ at the forty-five Acre Lot; and 
as I had my Share among my Neighbours of some nota- 
ble Villains among them, I had a shrewd Jealousy that 
it was done rather by Design, than Accident; which pos- 
sibly I should discover sooner or later. 



174 COLONIAL RECORDS- 

Sunday. The Church wanted not a full Congregation ^i^^ 
before Noon, or after; nor they to hear their Duty to ^"e.^ 
God and Man pressed home by Mr. Whitfield, who was 
indefatigable continually through the whole Week in the 
Exercise of his Ministry, as well in the adjacent Villages 
as the Town, to teach People true Christianity. 

Monday. Showery Weather, Little to be done Abroad. i7. 
Mr. Hopton from Charles-Town informing me, that 
there would be a Ship ready to sail soon, I began to 
prepare such Papers as I thought would be proper for 
me to send to the Trustees. 

Tuesday. Stuck to the same Work, writing Let- is- 
ters, &c. 

Wednesday. Some Information being attained, where i^- 
the Fellow lay concealed in Carolina, who was absconded 
from giving Evidence at Mr. Brown's Trial, some Men 
were dispatched in Quest of him by the Magistrates; 
and Mr. Causton wrote Letters by them, praying Aid 
from any Magistrate of that Province, in Case of Need: 
After which he returned to Ockstead, where he frequently 
retired, and was free from Interruption (as he said) when 
his Accounts required close Application. 

Thursday, Took a Round this Day among some of 20. 
the forty-five Acre Lots; Mr. Bradley sparing me a 
Horse, who has now got into Possession of the new 
House, that has been so long in building, and by the 
Apartments seems capable of receiving any Person of 
high Rank; but is not yet finished, though there is Room 
abundantly more than enough for a private Family like 
Mr. Bradley's, as it now is. 

Friday. Nothing new. The Magistrates all together 21. 
at Ockstead. Mr. Causton intending to send a Packet 
for England, at the same Time I dispatched mine, sent 
me a Message, that he was getting his ready as fast as 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 176 

he could, and expedled it would be in a few Days; i!^ 
wherefore I was nbt willing to show any Disregard to ^^l 
him by leaving his Packet to follow mine, but I began to 
grow impatient at the Delay, fearing the Ship might 
sail, which Mr, Hopton had advised me of. 

Saturday. All quiet, and no Appearance of any 22. 
Thing in Town worth observing; but my Thoughts and 
Time were both sufficiently perplexed, how to rule my 
own disorderly Servants, who partly thro' Sickness, and 
partly through Stubbornness, when well, began to give 
more Trouble than my Son and I could readily dis- 
pense with. 

Sunday. The Duties of the Day performed with the 23. 
usual Decency, and the Church always full Morning and 
Evening. 

Monday. The Day produced little observable: In the 24. 
Evening a Boat arrived with nine or ten Hands here, 
having lost their Ship, which was a large West-India 
Trader, on the Coast of some Parts of the Spanish West- 
Indies: They reported, that upon their Ship being 
wrecked they betook themselves to this Boat, which 
they fitted as well as they could, taking Provisions with 
them, and intending to steer for Carolina; but not well 
knowing the Coast, they put in here, whilst some others 
of their Ships Crew in another Boat, made the best of 
their Way for some other Country, they knew not where. 
They meant to make a Protest in Form; but the Re- 
corder Mr. Christie, being at Ockstead with Mr. Caus- 
ton, they must wait his Return to Town. 

Tuesday. The first Thing I met with early this Morn- 25. 
ing was, that Hertierington and Bishop (two Convidls) 
and Wright, who stood committed for Want of Sureties 
for his Appearance to answer such Misdemeanours as he 
had committed in the Indian Nations, were all three 
broke out of Goal: This occasioned much Hurlyburly, 



176 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

and Mr. Parker, after some conference we had together, i^ 
did all that became a Person in his Station, to get them ^^f 
retaken: Then a Messenger was sent to Mess. Causton 
and Christie, yet at Ockstead; and afterwards Mr. Parker 
went thither himself, to advise farther with them; return- 
ing in the Evening, when a Reward was published of 
10 /. Sterling for each of them being taken; and divers 
People were sent out several Ways in Quest of them. 

Wednesday. Colonel Cockran arrived this Morning m. 
from the South, intending to spend a few Days among 
us; whilst the Scout-Boat he came in, was to go to Port 
Royal to fetch Lieutenant Delegal, whom he purposed 
to send to Cumberland, and take the Command of the 
Men there upon him, who were under Government at 
present of Capt. Hugh McKay; for that the Captain 
had behaved so, that he was determined to put him un- 
der Arrest till Colonel Oglethorpe's Arrival. Mr. Caus- 
ton came also to Town, together with Mr. Christie, from 
Ockstead, and I was urgent with him to send away our 
Packets, which I thought him dilatory about, after long 
waiting; and I grew more and more impatient, upon 
Advice 1 had received from Mr. Hopton, that a Ship was 
so near sailing, it would be as much as we could do to 
save our Time before she went; and there was no Prob- 
ability of any other going in some Months: Notwith- 
standing all which, it was with much ado I got it done; 
no Boat or Hands could be procured without great Diffi- 
culty; but at length, towards Evening, when the Tide 
was near spent, I saw them go off after many Obstacles, 
not without Apprehensions the Ship would be sailed be- 
fore they reached Charles-Town. Thus were we (con- 
tinually almost) embarrassed, for Want of a Boat being 
under a regular Appointment; and howsoever urgent the 
Affair might at any Time be, we must run the Risk of 
getting one for Hire, at such a Rate as the Owners 
thought proper to demand; which was sure to be the 
more unreasonable the more pressing the Occasion. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 177 

Thursday, Nothing stirring. Little Expedlance of ^^ 
the Felons being retaken; and it began to be a prevailing ^^^_ 
Opinion among a great many, that it would be as well to 
have them lost as found, since the Colony was not in. 
Danger of being troubled with them again. Colonel* 
Cpckran's good Company took up good Part of the Day 
very agreeably. Mess. Causton and Christie at Ock- 
stead. 

Friday. Two German Servants, under Mr. Bradley's ^s. 
Direction in the Trust's Service, rambling out Yesterday 
with a Gun to look after Venison; one of them, by the 
Gun's going off through Defe<5l of the Lock, as he had 
it on his Shoulder, shot his Comrade dead, who was be- 
hind him: Whereupon a Jury was summoned under the 
Dire<5lion of the Recorder, who adled as Coroner, to en- 
quire into the Cause, &c. and the Inquest gave in their 
Verdidt accidental Death. This was the only remarkable 
Affair of the Day. 

Saturday. My Son taken ill with sharp Pains, occa- ^ 
sioned thro' a great Cold, which seized him in the Midst 
of the violent Heats, which now we had after the late 
Rains; And nothing extraordinary called me aside, I sat 
mostly at Home all Day. 

Sunday. The publick Service well frequented; and so. 
they who attended it never failed of hearing their Duty 
pressed earnestly upon them by Mr. Whitfield. My 
Son's Pains were grown very exquisite, and all Applica- 
tions made Use of that were advised, to abate them. 

Monday. The Scout-Boat returned which Colonel m- 
Cockran had sent to Port-Royal to bring Lieutenant De- 
legal; but the Lieutenant being ill, spnt a Letter of Ex- 
cuse; and the Colonel sent his Orders to come to him 
without Delay, as soon as he was able, in the South, 
where his Duty called him. In the Afternoon a Skooner 
arrived from Augustin, belonging to Capt. Cobly of Port- 

12 c r— V 4 



17M. 

Jnly 
81. 



178 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Royal, who lived and traded with the Spaniards: But 
what Occasion brought her into this Port, I could not 
learn; nor did I find that Mr. Causton, or any one of our 
Men in Office knew. All the News we could get was, 
that the Report which Prue had made to us formerly was 
true, concerning the Preparations made by the Spaniards; 
and the Reason how they came to desist, at the Time 
when we were in Expe6lation of them in the Spring; 
which Expedlation appeared not to be ill founded; and 
the providential Cause of that Invasion being laid aside, 
was now well known. My Son continued very ill still. 

Tuesday. Mr. Causton (who lived much of late at August 
Ockstead) came to Town; and after dispatching such 
Business as he thought requisite, returned again to the 
Country in the Evening: About which Time a Boat ar- 
rived from Augusta, and brought Capt. Lacy thence, who 
had the Command there; but was now grown very ill, 
and so exceeding weak, that his Recovery was much 
doubted: And as he had always preserved a fair Charac- 
ter, it was not without Reason imagined, that his Wife's 
Behaviour, and Adlions of late, together with his princi- 
pal Servant Elgar, in killing Cattle, &c. stuck close to 
him, and made the Impression stronger, which formerly 
he had conceived from his Wife's Condu6l, and loose 
Way of living: By the Boat I had a Letter from Lieu- 
tenant Kent there, desiring my Advice, as Occasion 
might happen. But little Abatement yet of my Son's 
Illness. 

Wednesday. My Son's Pains were grown so exceed- *• 
ing sharp and severe by the Contradlion of his Nerves 
in all Parts of his Body, that I had more than enough to 
do, to give him all the Aid possibly I could, being in 
such Convulsions, that two Men were scarce sufficient to 
hold him: But at length through God's Blessing, that 
Agony began to wear off; and in some little Time after 
from the sudden Amendment and Relaxation of Misery 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 179 



1TO8. 



which he found, we hoped it was the last Effort of his 
Distemper; for he grew sensibly more and more easy ^^^^^ 
every Hour. It may not be unworthy Remark here, to 
observe what strange Effe6l Colds frequently have in 
this Country; this showing itself at first only in an ordi- 
nary Tooth-Ach, but by Degrees insinuated into all the 
tender Nerves, and even deprived him of his Senses, 
Feeling only excepted. 

Thursday. My Son happily began to recover apace. s. 
Capt. Roger Lacy, who came ashore so very ill on Tues- 
day, died this Day about Noon; he had been a Valetudi- 
narian a long while, and afflicted with epileptick Fits, 
proceeding (it is to be doubted) from an inward 
Trouble of Mind, which first grew unhappily through 
some conjugal Dissensions. In the Evening Mr. Robert 
Williams cam6 up the River, and arrived in a new Sloop 
from St. Kitt's, whither he sailed the 20th of April last: 
He brought with him divers Commodities useful to the 
Colony, particularly Sugar and Molasses, &c. 

Friday. Mr. Whitfield leaving us for a Season, and 4. 
going Yesterday for Frederica; that in his Absence there 
might not be a total Cessation of publick Worship, he ap- 
pointed the School-Master to observe regularly the stated . 
Hours of Prayer Morning and Evening, and to read the 
ordinary Service constantly to such as were disposed to 
frequent it. In Conference this Morning with Mr. Wil- 
liams, together with Colonel Cockran, and enquiring 
what News he brought from the West-Indies; that which 
was most pleasing, was to hear, that by Letters arrived at 
St. Kitts before his Departure thence, they were informed 
of Colonel Oglethorpe's having taken Leave of his 
Friends in London, and being come to Southampton, 
where he was on the loth of May ready to embark, to- 
gether with the Remainder of his Regiment, for Georgia: 
In the Evening by a Letter received from Mr. Hopton at 
Charles-Town, I was farther agreeably informed, that by 



1738. 
August. 



180 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

News lately arrived there from Colonel Lucas, by the 
Way of Antigua, General Oglethorpe was a6lually on 
his Voyage to Georgia, and might be daily expedled. 
This was Matter of great Joy to all honest Men. Capt. 
Lacy's Corpse was carried by Water to Thunderbolt, in 
order to be buried there by his Mother; and the Cere- 
mony of firing Minute Guns, as usually due to his Rank, 
was observed from our Guard. 

Saturday. Nothing stirring that deserved any Notice »^ 
in Town. Colonel Cockran intending to return to-morrow 
to the South, after having seen the needful Business done 
which he came about, gave me the Pleasure of his Com- 
pany good Part of the Day. The Boat returned from 
Charles-Town re infe6la, which carried two or three Peo- 
ple, that went m Pursuit of the Evidence which was se- 
creted from appearing at Mr, Brown's Trial, and who was 
known to be in Carolina; but notwithstanding what rec- 
ommendatory Letters they carried with them, they 
could obtain no Assistance from any Person in Authority 
that they applied to in that Province. 

Sunday. Though the Town was now without a Minis- «* 
ter, the People assembled at Church before noon and 
after, in a decent Manner; and Mr. Habersham the 
School-Master read the ordinary Service of the Day. The 
Colonel took his leave of us, rode to dine with Mr. Caus- 
ton at Ockstead, and thence he was to take Water, and 
proceed to St. Simon's. 

Monday. The Boat returned which was sent with the 7.. 
Packet for England, so long ago as the 26th ult. (but as 
I feared) came too late, the Ship which it was intended 
to go by, being sailed some Days before; but Mr. Hop- 
ton wrote me, that there was accidentally Capt. Coe come 
in lately from Gambia, who would sail in twelve Days, 
and he would send the Packet by him: His Letter was 
dated the 31st of July, and this Boat had since been in 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 181 

Pursuit of the Felons who broke Prison, but to no Pur- }]^ 
pose. Mr. Causton came to Town, and had some Talk ^^fj^^^ 
with me to consider what was proper to be done at Au- 
gusta now upon Capt. Lacy's Death; and upon long De- 
liberation, it was thought most advisable not to send any 
Person who might seem to bear an Authority that might 
clash with Lieutenant Kent (such as a Constable, &c.) 
Mr. Kent not having behaved so as to merit any Dis- 
couragement, but rather (we hoped) the contrary; and as 
Colonel Oglethorpe was now soon expe<5led, it would be 
the most prudent Course, to leave it with as little Altera- 
tion as possible, for him to regulate all as he saw good: 
In the mean while, that no Time might be lost in sending 
the Boat back again, with the People that came down 
with Capt. Lacy, they being one Half of the Number 
established for that Fort: And if a sober, discreet Per- 
son could be readily found, who might be assisting to 
Mr. Kent, in the Nature of a Serjeant, or such subordi- 
nate Office, it might be of good Use; and such a one, Mr. 
Causton said, he would endeavor to find if he could. 

Tuesday. Nothing particular to be observed: Agues s. 
and Fevers began to grow common, as usually at the lat- 
ter Season of the Year; but the Country in general was 
as healthy as had been known: It was my Misfortune, 
nevertheless, never yet to be free of Sickness among some 
of my Servants. 

Wednesday. A trading Boat, bound to Charles-Town 9. 
from New- Windsor arrived; by whom came one of our 
principal licensed Traders, who reported, that the Creek 
Indians, among whom he lived, were in a very good Dis- 
position, and hearty toward us. An Accident happened, 
which it was feared might prove of fatal Consequence. 
Upon Mr. Whitfield's going for Frederica, he rode as far 
as Vernon River taking Mr. Habersham, the School- 
Master's Brother, with him, with Intent that he should 
bring the Horses back, whilst he himself proceeded by 



182 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Water; but the young Man missing his Way home, and i^ 
getting into a Swamp, through which he could not get ^^f^*^ 
his Horse that he led to follow, he left him tied to a Tree, 
and with Difficulty got Home in the Morning, after much 
Wandering and Fatigue. A Day or two after he took 
two People of the Town out with him, to try if he could 
get the Horse which he left tied; but whereabout it was 
he could not tell, which occasioned them to ramble far 
and wide from each other, till at length they could not 
tell how to meet again; and the Townsmen at length re- 
turned home again, hoping to find Mr. Habersham there 
also: But nobody hearing any Thing of him yet, since 
he and his Companions parted Yesterday in the Forenoon, 
his Friends with Reason began to be alarmed, and all 
good People wished to give what Assistance they could: 
Night was coming on; and Mr. Causton being not in 
Town, Mr. Parker and I thought it advisable on such an 
Emergency, to get some damaged Powder out of the 
Stores, and ordered a Gun to be fired now and then at a 
small Distance of Time; (once in an Hour or less) so 
that if happily he was within hearing, it might be a Guide 
to him what Course to take: Then we sent to get two or 
three Indians ready against Morning, and several a6live 
Men with Horses engaged to be ready very early, by 
whose joint Endeavors we hoped some Good would come 
of it; which was all could be done instantly, the Sky be- 
ing very dark. 

Thursday. The Horsemen went out several Ways lo. 
towards those Parts where the Man had lost himself, and 
continued their Search all Day, firing Pistols, and calling 
frequently on each other; but returned in the Evening 
without Success; and the Indians who went out with them 
continued Abroad all Night, endeavouring to find some 
Track of him; but our Hopes began to fail of making any 
good Discovery. Nothing passed all Day worth Notice. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 153 

Friday. Mr. Causton came and spent a Day in Town, ^^ 
for Dispatch of such Business as called him necessarily; ^^^^^ 
otherwise he chose to be retired in the Country as much 
as possible, where he said he could more closely attend 
the voluminous Work he was preparing to lay before the 
Trustees. The young Man who was almost given over 
for lost, was at last happily found again; wherein Prov- 
idence seemed in a particular Manner to show itself: One 
of the Inhabitants of Hampstead, who among others 
had been seeking him two Days in vain, had so strong 
an Impression made on him in the Night, that he could 
not rest; wherefore going out again this Morning, in a 
short Time upon firing his Piece, he heard the poor Man 
make a faint Answer^ and then he soon came up with 
him: He had been three Days bewildered in a Swamp, 
which lies on this Side Vernon River, the largest in all 
the Country, and in many Places unpassable; but was 
now got within a small Distance of Hampstead, which 
was more than he knew; and being quite spent, he was 
laid down, expedling never to have risen again, when he 
heard this honest Man's Gun; who carried him to his 
House, gave him Milk, and what he had, and then came 
and acquainted his Friends with it, who went and brought 
him joyfully to Town. A Sloop arrived at Tybee laden 
with Corn, and live Store of all Kinds, from Virginia, 
which the Master came up to Town and made Offer of'; 
but Mr. Causton thought he was already so well provided, 
that he did not deal for any; and returned in the Even- 
ing to Ockstead. 

Saturday. What only was remarkable this Day, was 12. 
another unhappy Accident that befel a German who was 
going to work at Highgate; where standing by as they 
were falling a Tree, which he was not aware of; in falling, 
it crushed him to Death; leaving a Widow and several 
Children at Savannah. Though we had no Letters, nor 
any News diredlly from England so long since as last 
May, and the freshest Advices then bore Date in Febru- 



184 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

ary; yet we had now Advices from Charles-Town, by 2!^ 
Letters received there, as well from New-England in the ^^^^ 
North, as from the West-Indies in the South, importing, 
that from the Measures taking in England in April last, 
there was great Appearance of a Rupture very soon with 
Spain: From whence all People in these Provinces began 
to think it was Time to look about them, not knowing 
how far the Spaniards in these Parts might incline to 
strike the first Blow. 

Sunday. The ordinary Service of the Day was read i«- 
by the School- Master Mr. Habersham. This Day we lost 
William Brownjohn, one of our Freeholders, after a lin- 
gring Sickness; whose Death I particularly mention, as 
he was a Man generally well spoken of, and one whom I 
knew to be a Pains-taking, industrious Man, never idle, 
but addi6led to improve his Land; which he did in so 
exemplary a Manner, that though he did not boast of so 
many Acres cleared as some, yet in Spite of the Poverty 
of the Land where his Lot was fallen, few could show 
such a Produ<5l. When I came first to this Town, I 
found him at Variance with Mr. Causton, and complaining 
of Hardships. &c. which induced me to interpose (find- 
ing him a Man worth encouraging) and upon conferring 
with him and Mr. Causton both, I so far mediated, as to * 
work a Reconciliation; which I also did in divers other 
Instances, at that Time, when I found Resentments very 
keen. In the Evening a Sloop arrived from New-York, 
with various Provisions, the usual Produ<5l of that Coun- 
try, Ware Master; the greatest Part of which 

Mr. Causton designed to take into the Stores. 

Monday. Mr. Causton came to Town this Morning, 14. 
and had a Conference with me touching the Instru6lions 
which were necessary to be sent to Lieutenant Kent at 
Augusta, now upon Capt. Lacy's Death; which after he 
had form'd suitable to the Occasion, and prepared what 
was needful for the return of the Boat that Capt Lacy 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 185 

was brought down in; I wrote' Mr. Kent in Answer to .^J^ 
what he had asked my Advice, that the best I could give ^^^^^ 
him, was pun6lually to observe such Diredlions as he 
would receive from Mr. Causton, with some few additional 
Hints of my own, which I apprehended might be of Use 
to him in his future Condudl, in meriting Colonel Ogle- 
thorpe's Favour in particular, as well as the Trustees in 
general. 

Tuesday. The Magistrates all out of Town; and the is. 
only two Constables we had, were so also, and seldom 
{indeed) in it, but at their Plantation far off; where 
nevertheless there was no great Appearance of much 
Work done. What was remarkable chiefly at present 
was, that after a long Continuance of hot Weather, the 
Town was said never to have buried so few since the 
first planting of the Colony; but now Fevers and Agues 
began to multiply apace, which nevertheless were not yet 
become very mortal: My Servants, however, never failed 
of their Share; and it was very rare that more than Half 
of them were capable of working at a Time. 

Wednesday. Mr. Whitfield returned this Day from la. 
Frederica, to his Care of the People here, expressing 
m uch Satisfaction in the ready Disposition he had found 
in the Inhabitants of those Parts to attend the publick 
Worship. By the same Boat which brought him, came 
Letters from Mr. Horton, advising us, that the Spaniards 
had taken Post upon St. George's Island, in Violation of 
the Agreement betwixt Mr. Oglethorpe and them, that 
it should stand a Barrier betwixt them and us, to be 
possessed by neither. This happening just at a Time, 
when such Advices as we could get from all Parts con- 
curred in the Imagination of a War being likely to break 
out with that Nation; every Body began again to turn 
their Thoughts that Way. Mr. Horton wrote for a Sup- 
ply of Ammunition Stores for Frederica, which we were 
in no Condition of furnishing them with; and Mr. Caus- 



186 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

ton wrote to the Government of Carolina to assist us }^ 
with some, at the same Time that he acquaint them with ^^^^ 
what Posture Things stood in the South: He likewise 
wrote to the Trustees of it; as I also thought it my Duty 
to acquaint them with what I knew, which I wrote to Mr. 
Verelst to lay before them; though these Intelligences 
could be of little Import by the Time they would reach 
England. Mr. Causton came to Town this Evening up- 
on this Occasion, and after dispatching these Things, re- 
turned late to Ockstead, taking Mr. Parker with him, and 
Mr. Christie he had left there: Which Frequency of 
their meeting in that retired Manner had the Appearance 
possibly with some of adding greater Weight to their 
Consultations; but I was not entirely of that Opinion. 

Thursday. This Morning an Indian trading Boat i7. 
putting off for Charles-Town, which came from New- 
Windsor, wherein went one Mr. Obryan, well known to 
Mr. Causton, he took the Charge of our Letters, prom- 
ising they should be safely delivered. In the Afternoon 
we heard, by a Letter which Mr. Whitfield received from 
Mr. Hird (first Constable at Frederica) that the Report 
of the Spaniards having taken Possession of St. George's 
Island proved groundless; which was so flatly contra- 
dictory to our Advices received thence Yesterday, that 
we must wait farther to learn the Truth. 

Friday. Meeting with Samuel Lacy, Master of the is. 
Pettyagua just arrived from Frederica, I inquired of him 
what Information he could give of the Spaniards; who 
told me that three Men having deserted from the Amelia 
Scout-Boat, who were suspedled to be gone over to the 
Spaniards, Capt. Hugh McKay, who commands at Fort 
St. Andrews, had ordered young Hugh McKay, with a 
six-oar'd Boat, to go to the River St. Juan, and lie there 
in wait to intercept them: And whilst the Boat was upon 
that Duty, a Spanish Sloop came in out of the Sea, 
hailed the Boat, and made a Signal to them to come 



COLONIAL RECOBDS. 187 

aboard; which they not caring to venture, the Sloop i!^ 
fired a Gun; but the Boat not willing to trust them, ^X** 
row'd along Shore, and left them: Upon which the Sloop 
stood out to Sea again; and by her being so very clean, 
they supposed her to be one of the Guarda Costa's: But 
as to any Settlement or Port taken by the Spaniards on 
the Island of St. George, there did not appear a good 
Foundation for that Report. We were yet nevertheless 
at an Uncertainty what to believe. 

Saturday. Some Guns being heard from Tybee this i^- 
Morning, and our Expectations of Colonel Oglethorpe's 
Arrival daily now running high, it was generally thought 
he was off the Bar: Wherefore a Boat was instantly dis- 
patched down the River with a Pilot extraordinary, fear- 
ing lest the Pilot stationed at I'ybee should be off from 
his Duty; and a Messenger went in the Boat, who was 
to return immediately to us with Information in case it 
was so, that due Preparation might be made to receive 
him; but upon that Boat's coming back in the Evening, 
it ended only in this, that the Hawk Sloop Capt. Gas- 
coigne Commander, was arrived from the South, come 
into Cockspur, and well moored there. 

Sunday, A full Congregation at all Times of publick 20. 
Services demonstrated the good Opinion the People had 
conceived of Mr. Whitfield their Teacher, the like Dis- 
position not appearing so universal in Time past. A 
Sloop came up this Day with Corn, and other such Com- 
modities, as usual from the Northern Provinces, under 

the Disposal of Lloyd Supercargo, who had 

made Offer a little while since, but his Prices were too 
dear then; and having since tried other Markets without 
Success, he now returned, glad to accept the Offer made 
him here. 

Monday. Little worth observing. Wrote some Let- 21. 
ters to go South by a Pettyagua that Way bound; and 



188 COLONIAL EECOEDS. 

employed good Part of the Day in preparing Papers to 3^ 
send to the Trust by Mr. Whitfield (if I could be ready ^"jT*^ 
timely enough) who said he intended to be going in few 
Days. 

Tuesday. The Court was opened this Day, when Mr. 22. 
Brown's Trial came on for killing his Servant; wherein 
he behaved as usual, with a particular Air of Indiffer- 
ence, and often interrupting very unseasonably, and im- 
properly, the Course of Proceeding; on which he was 
admonished to take Care how he behaved, and have Re- 
gard to the Place where he stood. The King's Evidence 
which absconded, not appearing, he grew the more confi- 
dent, that no Proof could be made of his shooting with 
an ill Intention; and two Surgeons agreeing in a great 
Measure, that had the Patient been a healthy Man, the 
Wounds in all Likelihood would not have been mortal, 
though they could not but say, that undoubtedly they 
occasioned his dying so soon; the Jury brought in their 
Verdi<5l Manslaughter; which in most Peoples Opinion 
was very favourable. 

Wednesday. This Day I finished my Survey of all 28. 
the five and forty-five Acre Lots belonging to the Town; 
which was what I had long been about; and as I resolved 
to take nothing upon Trust, but satisfy my own Sight, 
the great Heats we now had made it very tiresome. Mr. 
William Aglionby, a Freeholder in this Town, died this 
Morning, and was buried in the Evening. His Chara<5ler 
was better forgot, than remember'd to his Infamy: But ^ 

it may not be improper with Regard to the Colony, to 
touch upon it briefly. He was of a good Family, and 
had the Appearance of some Education; but as he had a 
little Smattering of the Law, he made Use of that Talent, 
in being a great Adviser among divers of our late Male- 
contents; most of whom had forsaken him, seeing their 
Error. He was so far from making any Improvements, 
that he discouraged many others from it; and in most 



COLONIAL EECORDS. 18» 

Matters of Controversy, took Part against the civil Mag- ^^ 
istrates: He lived and died at a publick (though unli- ^^^^^ 
censed) House, where he didtated to a few that frequented 
it, and was a Stirrer up of ill Blood: And as he was a 
great Devotee to Rum, it is said, that using it to Excess 
brought a Flux upon him, which after all Endeavors to 
the contrary, at length carried him off; wherein the 
Colony (I conceive) sustained no Loss. During his 
Sickness, Mr. Whitfield was divers Time to attend him, 
offering to do his Duty in Prayer, &c. but he refused any 
such Assistance; and upon several Questions put to him 
properly at such a Season, he denied any Mediator, an d 
died a confirmed Deist. He made Mr. Bradley his E x- 
ecutor, who at his Funeral ordered one of his Servants 
to read the Service appointed by our Church, Mr. Whit- 
field very justly refusing to do that Office; who taking 
the Opportunity, as soon as the Corpse was interred, be- 
fore the Company dispersed, came to the Grave, and 
there made a very pathetick Exhortation to the People, 
to be stedfast to the Principles of Christianity, and care- 
ful not to be seduced into damnable Errors. It is to be 
hoped we have not many of the like Stamp among us, the 
Generality of People showing a better Disposition; but I 
fear three or four yet remain, who are fond of the modern 
Way of Freethinking, and seem to set at nought the 
Holy Scriptures, both Old Testament and New: Their 
Names may probably be better passed over, than exposed. 

Thursday. The Heats were i)ow grown very sultry, 2^ 
and People began to find the ill Effedl of them, several 
falling down frequently in Fevers, &c. Mr. Horton ar- 
rived here in the Afternoon from Frederica, after stop- 
ping by the Way at Ockstead, to do some Business with 
Mr. Causton, who now spent the greater Part of his Time 
in the Country: It was very agreeable what he reported,, 
that they were all in good Health in the South, and that 
there was hardly a Man to be found sick among the Sol- 
diers; which was attributed to the constant refreshing 



190 COLONIAL EECORDS. 

Breezes that came off the Sea which was so near them; vi!^ 
whilst other Settlements, far up in the main Land, could ^Hg^** 
not expedl the like Benefit. He farther told me, that at 
Darien their Expe<5lations once run so high, as to get 
three Thousand Bushels of Corn this Year; but now they 
would think it well if they got five Hundred; and at 
Frederica there was no Appearance of what might be 
called a Crop; which Misfortunes were owing to the long 
Drought, and improper Seed, before taken Notice of. 

Friday. By a Person just come from Carolina we 25. 
heard, that a Brigantine at Charles-Town newly arrived, 
reported, that they had seen Colonel Oglethorpe at the 
Maderas in his Way hither; which appearing probable 
from what other Advices we had lately received from 
different Parts, found the more easy Credit; and we now 
began to raise our Hopes of seeing him soon. Mr. Wil- 
liams's Sioop which came lately from the West-Indies 
with sundry Provisions, sailed again this Afternoon with 
a Lading of Lumber from hence, bound to St. Christo- 
pher's. 

Saturday. After frequent Advices from Charles-Town 26. 
of the terrible Havock which the Small-Pox made in Car- 
olina, carrying off a great Number of People, both White 
and Black; by a Boat arrived from thence this Morning, 
we farther heard, that a new Distemper was spreading 
itself among them, which was thought epidemical if not 
contagious; seizing People in the Head, who first swelled 
in that Part, and soon dropped down dead. Mr. Causton 
had some Discourse with me upon it, to consider what 
Precaution was necessary to be taken; and it was our 
Opinion, that in case it was so, it would be necessary to 
place a Guard-Boat on the River that might stop any 
Persons coming from thence, and not suffer them to land 
here before they were examined: But as this News 
came by a Woman, we hoped it might prove an old Wo- 
man's Story only; wherefore it was thought advisable. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 191 

before such a Course was taken, to send a proper Person .^^ 
to Charles-Town to enquire what Foundation there was ^^ff^^ 
for it. My Time was chiefly taken up this Day in writing 
Letters for England, to go by Mr. Whitfield, who was to 
set o£f hence on Monday. 

Sunday. Mr. Whitfield preached his farewell Sermon ^• 
this Afternoon to a Congregation so crouded, that a great 
many stood without Doors, and under the Windows, to 
hear him, pleased with nothing more than the Assurance 
he gave, of his Intention (by the Will of God) to return 
to them as soon as possible. 

Monday. I delivered into his Care what Letters I had as. 
ready for England, some of which I had wrote this 
Morning; and in the Afternoon he took his Departure 
for Charles-Town, in order to embark on board a Ship 
which we had Advice was to sail in a few Days from 
thence. 

Tuesday. No Business extraordinary forbidding, I »• 
went, in Company with Mr. Causton, to make a Visit to 
Capt. Gascoigne in the Hawk, now at Cockspur, believ- 
ing, after lying a Week there without coming ashore, it 
might be a Ceremony of Respe6l which he expe<5led: 
And after a few Hours spent in Conversation of little 
Import (but kindly received) we returned in the Evening. 

Wednesday. Fine Rain, very comfortable and refresh- so. 
ing, after violent Heat for awhile past, was the best 
worth Notice of any Thing that this Day produced. 

Thursday. Mr. Horton having finished what he came si. 
to do, returned this Morning to his Duty in the South. 
Mr. Causton calling upon me, showed me a Letter he re- 
ceived from Capt. Gascoigne, importing his having stopt 
a Canoe going by, wherein were three runaway Negroes 
from Carolina, &c. whereupon it was thought advisable 



192 COLONIAL RECOEDS. 

to send, and let publick Advertisements be made of it at JJ^ 
Charles-Town, that the Proprietors might make a legal ^"j*!^*^ 
Claim of them in the Court of Savannah, pursuant to the 
Rules laid down in the Act made for prohibiting the Use 
of Negroes in the Province of Georgia: And at the same 
Time we thought it would not be amiss to let the Presi- 
dent and Council of Carolina know, how different a 
Course we took with Regard to them, from what we too 
often found from the Magistrates of that Province, who 
in many Instances of late had been so far from giving 
any Assistance (if desired) in stopping Deserters from 
hence, that they discountenanced their Pursuers, and 
rather inclined to protedl and conceal such Fugitives, to 
the great Detriment of this Colony; and such as if not 
soon remitted, would be of pernicious Consequence. Mr. 
Causton then falling into other Discourse with me, seemed 
to discover a great Uneasiness he was under (as he had 
at Times occasionally done before) with Regard to the 
Office of a Magistrate; which he said he had a long Time 
been weary of, and was resolved, henceforward he would 
meddle no more with, than Necessity obliged him, till 
the Time came (which he hoped was near) when he might 
be quit of it wholly. What the real Cause of it was, I 
could not ascertain; I had often observed him hinting, 
that he thought the Power wherewith he adled was too 
narrow and limited; insomuch, that in divers Cases where 
Matters were brought before him, and the Party charged 
was proved culpable, he found himself so aw'd, that he 
was glad to let it drop, fearing if he used any Severity, 
he should not find such Countenance as might be ex- 
pedled (it is not hard to guess from whom he meant.) 
This a little surprised me, and the rather, because we 
were now in Expedlation almost of Colonel Oglethorpe's 
Arrival every Day, when without Doubt due Enquiry 
would be made into all such Grievances as might affedl 
the Community. I told him that what he said was very 
mysterious to me; for that I had seen no Instance of late 
where any Person dared to make light of the Magistrates, 



COLONIAL EECORDS. 193 

but soon found himself mistaken, and the Power he would i2^ 
set at nought able to vindicate itself. But what Rule he ^"3^^"* 
had to walk by unknown to me, I could say nothing to. 
He took Horse at my Door in the Afternoon, and rode 
for Ockstead, much discomposed (as I thought) in his 
Mind, nor could I fathom it. 

Friday. It was expe<5led the Court would have sat, septemb. 
this being the Day it was adjourned to, and a great many 
People attending to have their Business done : But 
Mess. Parker and Christie thought proper to make a far- 
ther Adjournment to another Day next Week: Whether 
it was from Mr. Causton's refusing to sit as a Magistrate, 
or what other Cause, I could not tell; but I found several 
complaining, that they should suffer Loss by not being 
heard. The Town grew more and more sickly; and no 
less than six of my Servants at this Time were incapable 
of working. 

Saturday. Mf. Causton came to Town this Morning, *• 
and called upon me, taking Bailiff Parker with him; who 
from what followed, I suppose came to observe what 
passed betwixt us: And now he discovered fully what it 
was that stuck with him, when we were together on 
Thursday last; which may be necessary to relate here 
fully, to prevent any Mistakes hereafter, when many 
Particulars may be otherwise forgot. It so happened, 
that having a Bit of fresh Beef for my Dinner, I had en- 
gaged Mr. Pat. Houston, and Mr. William Sterling, to 
take Part of it with me, in return to a Compliment of 
the like Nature made me by them: Mess. Causton and 
Christie chanced to come voluntarily, and take a Share 
with us; which I esteemed a Favour, and bade them 
heartily welcome: After a little easy and agreeable Con- 
versation when we had dined, the Recorder pulled out a 
pretty large Bundle of Warrants which had been served, 
and were supposed to be the Subjedl Matter of the Court 

which was intended per Adjournment to sit to-morrow 
18 c r— V 4 



194 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

(i. e. Friday:) Whilst Mr. Causton was perusing some of l^. 
them, my Son accidentally looking into one, took Notice ^p^™^- 
of the Form it run in; which was to take the Body of the 
Party charged, and bring him before some one of the Magis- 
trates, &c. Upon which I told him that it was the usual 
Form, as I apprehended, wherein all Warrants ought to 
run, where the Matter was of such Consequence to need 
it; but that I presumed it was not general, so as to make 
no Distindtion between offences of high Nature and 
Trifles, or dangerous Debts and petty Controversies: To 
which Mr. Causton replied, with a little unexpe<5led 
Warmth, that they made no such Distindtion, nor did he 
think any such ought to be made, let the Warrant be 
against the best Man in the Province: I presume then 
(said I) that it is a Form prescribed by the Trustees, 
from which you ought not to swerve; and if so, I humbly 
ask Pardon for the Freedom I have used: No (said Mr. 
Causton) it is a Form of my own, which I have thought 
necessary upon finding an ordinary Summons often set at 
nought: Whereto I replied, that wherever such Contempt 
appeared, undoubtedly they ought to vindicate their own 
Authority, and let such Persons feel their Resentment: 
Some few more Words of little Import might drop 
from either of us, such as I do not remember; but I 
found he grew warm, and I thought it best to drop the 
Discourse, diverting it, as I could, to some other Topick; 
but after a very little said, Mr. Causton fell into his 
usual Talk of late, complaining of the Magistrates Want 
of sufficient power, &c. (as before mentioned in my 
Notes of Thursday last) which I could in no wise under- 
stand there was any Defedl in; though I said nothing to 
itr Nor was I conscious of the least Offence which 
should occasion his parting so much out of Humor. But 
oow upon his coming this Morning, he no longer con- 
tained himself from giving Vent to his Passion at first 
Sight; telling me in plain Words, that he could not get 
over what had passed on Thursday, but it still stuck 
close to him,and that I had given the greatest Wound to his 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 195 

Honor that ever he felt in his Life : At which I was really as- ™:, 
tonished; not knowing what he would be at, or whether ®«p^°^*- 
it was most eligible to me to be serious, or endeavour to 
bring him into better Temper by being a little jocular; 
I tried both, and insisted (in my Turn) upon it, that he 
would explain what he meant by my having wounded 
his Honor so terribly; which at length came out thus. — 
Mr. Christie (it seems) had taken out a Warrant lately 
against Mr. Houston, for 7 or 8 /. Sterling, which War- 
rant was granted by Mr. Causton; and the Ty thing-man 
who executed it, after taking Mr. Houston into Custody, 
carried him as his Prisoner first to Mr. Parker, and upon 
his not being at home, to Mr. Causton, where the Affair 
was ended, to the Satisfadtion of the Complainant Mr. 
Christie: Which done, Mr. Houston took the Freedom 
to expostulate with them upon the severe Treatment (as 
he called it) which he had found; to be carried round 
the Town in the Custody of an Officer, Malefadlor-like, 
for such a Sum, to his great Disgrace, as a Spedtacle to 
all his Acquaintance; when it was well-known from his 
large Plantation, and other visible Circumstances, that 
he was not running away, &c. Now it so fell out, that 
both Mr. Causton and Mr. Houston happening to meet 
accidentally at my House on Thursday, at which Time 
by mere Accident likewise we fell into that Talk; Mr. 
Causton conceived a Jealousy, that what I had said, was 
in Vindication of Houston, and with Intent to throw a 
Blot upon him: Whereas I call God to Witness, that at 
that Time I had not heard of any Difference among 
them, nor till after Mr. Causton left us on Thursday, when 
Mr. Houston told me the Whole, and at the same Time 
said, my Discourse of that Day would undoubtedly be 
construed by Mr. Causton as a Thing concerted betwixt 
us; which now I found to be true: And the Explanation 
of the Wound given to his Honor was, that whereas it 
was already a common Topick of Discourse, that the 
Form of those Warrants showed an arbitrary Disposition 
in him; much more would it be thought so, when my 



196 ? COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Sentiments were publickly known among the People. ,i^ 
Upon the Whole, all I could sa}' to it, or thought neces- ^^^"^^ 
sary, was in the first Place to convince him, that Mr. 
Houston and I had no previous Talk about that Affair, 
but it was mere Chance: Wherefore I asked him, if he 
believed I had any Design to lessen his Chara<5ler as a 
Magistrate, either by what I had then said, or at any 
other Time? And he readily said, he truly did not be- 
lieve any such Thing: Then I asked him whether he did 
not know, or was not convinced in himself, that I had 
taken all Occasions in publick and private, to vindicate 
and espouse the Magistrates, and do what in me lay to 
support their Authority? Which he and Mr. Parker both 
frankly acknowledged. When we had said all we had 
to say, Mr. Causton took Mr. Parker with him, and they 
rode to Ockstead. 

Sunday. Mr. Habersham the School-Master read the 8. 
Common Service of the Day, which was attended by a 
decent Congregation, both Forenoon and after. 

Monday. Mr. Causton, upon his coming to Town this 4. 
Morning, made me another Visit, and now appeared in 
perfedl good Humour; so that I hoped all that passed be- 
twixt us was forgot, and that he was convinced in himself 
it ought to be so: Wherefore not a Word more fell from 
either of us about it; but we discoursed with our usual 
Freedom on various Matters proper to be talked of. A 
Sloop came up the River, Samuel Tingley Master, from 
New-York, laden with the common Sorts of Provisions 
imported thence; and the Cargo being mostly such as my 
Son had wrote for by Order of Colonel Cockran, for the 
Use of the Regiment, she was ordered to proceed to 
Frederica. 

Tuesday. The Court sat this Day as per Adjourn- 5. 
ment, and proceeded in their usual Dispatch of Business: 
Mr. Causton also came to Town ready to give his Assist- 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 197 

ance in case of any Exigence, and appeared in very good ,i^ 
Temper; but declined sitting as a Magistrate for Reasons ^p^°^^« 
best known to himself. Capt. Gascoigne came up from 
Tybee to rjiake us a Visit, after having lain there a Fort- 
night, where his Ship continued, in Expedlation of the 
General's Arrival, whom we all looked for every Day, 
from such repeated Advices from all Parts of his being 
at Sea. 

Wednesday. A heavy Rain all Day, produced noth- «. 
ing Abroad worth observing. Capt. Gascoigne staid with 
us waiting better Weather. 

Thursday. The Captain left us, and went by In vita- 7. 
tion to dine with Mr. Causton at Ockstead, whence he 
designed to return on board his Ship. Out of nine Serv- 
ants which I had living, seven of them were lying in 
Fevers and Agues, or so weak (some of them) as to be 
unserviceable; which greatly distressed me, the Time of 
Harvest drawing near, and many Things requiring to be 
done preparatory to it; so that I was much at a Loss how 
to obviate so great an Evil, and it took up my Thoughts 
almost wholly. 

Friday. By Letters that came by several Pettyaguas 8. 
from Frederica, we were informed, that all Things re- 
mained quiet in those Parts; and that the Troops at Fort 
St. Simon's, and Fort St. Andrew, as well as the Inhabi- 
tants of Frederica, were in perfect Health; whilst Fevers 
and Agues with us at Savannah were too common: It 
may not improperly be here observed, that Rum was not 
so easily come at among the Generality of People there, 
as here in all Corners. 

Saturday. By Letters that were brought from Charles- 9. 
Town, in an Indian trading Boat bound thence to New- 
Windsor, we learnt, that Capt. Hugh Piercy was newly 
arrived there in ten Weeks from London; who reported, 



198 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

that at his Departure General Oglethorpe, with two Men ^^ 
of War and two Transports, sailed the same Day: This, ^^pJ*"*^ 
together with what casual Advices we received from dif- 
ferent Parts, seeming to agree, we all began now in good 
Earnest to expe<5l every Day would produce what we had 
so long wished for. Mr. Causton having now resigned 
up the Use of the House he lived in, to his Niece Wil- 
liamson and her Husband, in whom the Right of Posses- 
sion was; and John West the Smith inclining to part with 
his Shop and Trade, together with his Dwelling House, for 
a Season, finding he made no Profit in it (which by the 
By was owing to his own Negledl) Mr. Causton took it 
all at a certain Rent of him, intending (as he told me) to 
put in a Couple of working Smiths, as Servants to do the 
Work of the Trust; and the Dwelling-House would serve 
for his Clerks, as well as for himself, when he came to 
Town; and to stay a Night in when Occasion required, 
which probably he meant should be very seldom, having 
for a good while past never slept a Night in Town; but 
when Occasion required, he came three or four Times a 
Week, and after a few Hours returned to Ockstead, where 
he was easiest at Home. 

Sunday. The Service in the Morning was read (as lo. 
before) by Mr. Habersham; but in the Afternoon Mr. 
Dyson being in Town, whose Charadler was grown infa- 
mous, by reason of a scandalous Life, and frequent De- 
bauchery; for which Reason Mr. Whitfield had left behind 
him, when he went away, a Short Letter, which had been 
delivered to Mr. Dyson, forbidding him in any Manner, 
to officiate in the Church here; which if he did, he might 
expedl to hear farther from him: Notwithstanding this, 
Mr. Dyson took upon him to exercise his ministerial 
Fundtion, after first asking who would hinder him; to 
which Mr. Habersham only replied, that he had nothing 
to say more than what Mr. Whitfield had wrote, which 
he expe<5led would have been observed. Some few went 
out of the Church, and many who staid were much of- 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 199 

fended, especially such as knew how notorious he was ^]^ 
grown, and even at this present Time he had taken up ^Pj^™**- 
his Lodging at a Jew's, one of the most profligate in the 
whole Place; and another of his greatest Intimacy of late 
was, Capt. Watson, a vile, busy Mischief-maker among 
the People, and as to his Principles of Religion, much of 
the same Stamp with that Arch-Deist Aglionby, lately de- 
ceased Two worthy Companions for a Priest of 

the Church of England! 

Monday. Peter Emery, a Freeholder of this Town, n- 
who keeps a Boat wherein he goes to and fro sometimes, 
as he sees Occasion offer, arrived now from Charles- 
Town, and brought with him a large Packet from the 
Trustees diredled to me, which he had from the Attor- 
ney-General Mr. Abercromby, who came newly from 
England in Capt. Percy's Ship, and who wrote me a Let- 
ter with it, enclosing the Receipt that Emery had given 
him for the said Packet, withal assuring me of his Readi- 
ness to serve the honourable Trustees in whatever was 
committed to his Care. It so happened, that Mess. Caus- 
ton, Parker and Christie, were with me when Emery 
came; so that I delivered to Mr. Causton and Mr. Parker 
such Letters, &c. immediately as were dire<5led to them, 
and took Care that all other Letters enclosed to me, were 
likewise safely delivered to whom they were dire<5led. 
This Packet containing Matters of great Moment, in re- 
lation to the future Management of Affairs, occasioned a 
long Conference (as might be expe6led)but mostly 
speculative, not to be entered into here, as of little Im- 
port; but it behooved each of us whom it concerned, to 
consider well afterwards what was wrote, and to pay due 
Obedience. 



Tuesday, 

Wednesday, 

Thursday. 



These three Days were chiefly 12. 
^ remarkable for the Apprehensions 18. 
which a great many People seemed i<- 



to be under, of what would happen to them upon the Or- 



200 COLONIAL EECOEDS. 

ders being put in stridl Execution, which they heard JJ^ 
were come; and I had enough to do to give Answers to ^p^*™*- 
such as resorted to me for Intelligence; wherein I en- w. 
deavour'd to satisfy all that I knew were deserving; but u. 
those who were least so, were generally the most impor- 
tunate and clamorous. 

Friday. Such among us as had any Plantations worth ^ 
their Care, began to be busy now in gathering what Corn 
they had; which proved very different, according to what 
Kind of Seed they had planted; and it now appeared too 
plain, that the Failure of a Crop where it happened, was 
principally owing to that yellow skin'd Corn, whereof 
Mention has formerly been made, more than to the 
Drought; because they that had the good Fortune to 
plant of the broad, white Sort, had generally a reasonable 
Return, not to be complained of: As to myself in par- 
ticular, who began first to clear a five- Acre Lot, which I 
planted almost wholly with that yellow Corn, no other 
Seed being at that Time to be had; it produced scarce 
any Thing worth naming, but pined away in Spite of all 
the Labour I could bestow upon it, and came to nought; 
neither could it be imputed to the Sterility of the Land, 
which has the Appearance of being produ<5live of divers 
Things: Whereas on the ten Acres which I cleared and 
cultivated, out of forty five, and which was planted a 
considerable Time later than the other; about six Acres 
of it, with the white Seed which I then got, anc} the rest 
of it with Rice and other Things, I hope to find the Pro- 
duce turn to some small Account; tho* the great Plenty 
which is said to be in other Provinces has at this Instant 
brought down the Price to very little: From hence it is 
natural to consider what an unhappy State that Person 
must be in, who has been truly laborious and careful in 
cultivating and planting Land, depending wholly on the 
Increase for his and his Family's Support; now to find 
himself destitute of all Relief, unless the Trustees shall 
please consider and distinguish such Men from those who 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 201 

can make no just Pretence to their Bounty; some such ^^ 
Instances unquestionably will be found; but it is to be ^p^™^- 
hoped not many. 

Saturday. Every one of my Servants now were sick, i«. 
and incapable of Work; and what was worse, when well 
were grown so false and lazy, through the poisonous In- 
fluence of other idle Rascals, who made it great Part of 
their Business to seduce and debauch all they could, that 
for some Months past their Labour did not pay for keep- 
ing them. This I had often been told I might expedl 
would be my Case shortly, as it had been of too many; 
and now I find it true: So that I knew not what Remedy 
to find, other than to dispose of two or three of the worst, 
if I could get any proper Master to take them off my 
Hands when well, and try to get others who would be of 
some Use to me; otherwise all must go to Ruin: In the 
mean Time I was under a Necessity of getting some Help 
at any Rate, to save what I had grown; and therein I was 
sure to pay severely, for our common labouring People, 
who never cared to work as long as they had Money or 
Credit to live in Excess; when they were wanted for 
Hire, required such Wages as is hardly to be believed: 
One or two that I attempted had the Modesty to ask 
Half a Crown a Day, besides Provisions; and after all the 
Means I could use, I found I must think well of it if I 
could procure any at eighteen Pence, and their Food 
withal. This Evil alone, without the Addition of others, 
I apprehend to be of pernicious Consequence to the 
Colony, unless some Cure can be had for it; and in my 
humble Opinion may be worth the Consideration of the 
honourable Trustees, in what Manner to regulate La- 
bourers Wages: For so long as an idle Fellow can find 
one Day's Pay suflRcient to maintain him two or three, 
he will work no more; and more than Half the Time of 
such a Man's Labour is lost to the Publick. 

Sunday. Mr. Habersham read the Prayers of the n. 



202 COLONIAL EECOEDS. 

Church; as he did likewise on the Morning early, and 222:. 
Evening at Seven, every Day of the Week. Mr. Dyson ^^\^^^ 
in Town, but did not appear. 

Monday. My Thoughts were now principally taken i®- 
up in procuring what Help I could to save what I had 
grown at any Rate. A New- York Sloop arrived at Ty- 
bee, laden with the usual Cargo, — — Hunt Master, 
who came up in his Boat to learn how Things stood with 
us; but finding little Probability of a Market here, he 
talked of looking farther. Mr. Robert Williams coming 
to Town from his Plantation, called on me, to enquire 
what News I had by my late Packet, and particularly 
with relation to the Tenure of Lands; to which I gave 
him in Answer the Resolution of the honorable Trustees, 
with the Reasons they had been pleased to send me, for 
adhering to their first Determination: At which he ap- 
peared very uneasy, and at length broke out into great 
Warmth, telling me, that no one ever yet came here with 
a more firm Intention of doing every Thing in his Power 
to promote the Interest of the Colony; that he had given 
sufficient Testimony of it in many Instances, and thrown 
out a great deal of Money, which he has yet seen no 
Return of; which nevertheless he could be content to 
wait farther to seethe Event, and go on with Courage; 
but that now he saw plainly all he did was on a precari- 
ous Title, and that he could insure nothing: Wherefore 
he was resolved to lose no more Time, but as soon as he 
got his Crop in, he would instantly bid the Colony adieu, 
and remove all his Effedls over the Water into Carolina, 
where he would settle on some Lands he had in that 
Neighborhood. I endeavoured to reason with him as 
well as I could, and soften him into better Temper; but 
I found it impradticable at present, by his growing more 
and more vehement: So we parted. 

Tuesday. Mr. Samuel Brown, one of our principal 19. 
Traders in the Indian Nations, came to Town, by the Way 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 203 

of Augusta, in a weak State of Health; and as he was a il^ 
Settler also at that Place, where he had built a House ^pJJ"*^- 
upon a Lot granted him, he had made some Stay in his 
Way. I was sorry to hear by him, that they were grown 
extream sickly thereabouts; that it came through Caro- 
lina by Degrees to their Settlement at New- Windsor, 
and thence soon crossed to Augusta; that a great many 
were down in Fevers at his coming away; and that Lieu- 
tenant Kent was so ill, that it was feared he could not 
live. At the same Time I received a Letter from one 
John Miller, who keeps Stores at Augusta to serve the 
Indian Traders, acquainting me that the Inhabitants 
were settling in a very irregular Manner, by building 
Stores on five hundred Acre Lots some Miles distant 
from each other up the Path towards the Creeks: The 
Reason for which is that the Out- Parts have the Advan- 
tage and Chance of intercepting the Customers of those 
who live in or near the Town of Augusta; but consequently 
lie under greater Danger of being cut off by Enemies of 
any Sort: Whereas a colledled Body of People would be 
better able to defend themselves, or retire and take the 
Benefit of the Fort: Moreover it will be in the Power of 
such Indian Traders as run in Debt with the settled 
Storekeepers, to go to one of those out-lying Stores, and 
be supplied, and then return to the Indian Nation, there- 
by defrauding their former Creditors, who cannot bring 
them to regular Justice. Mr. Brown confirming this, I 
thought it worth Notice, and conceive it may be worth 
Consideration of such as have Power to regulate it 
better. 

Wednesday. Little observable this Day. Towards ao. 
Evening we were informed, that a great Number of In- 
dians, no less than fifty of the Upper Creek Nation, 
were on their Way hither, and might be expedled to- 
morrow, with an Intent to make a Visit to the General, 
from whom, without doubt, they would expedl Presents 
as usual; which I saw would put us under some Difificulty 



204 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

how to receive them: Wherefore I ordered a Messenger ^3^ 
to call Mr. Causton to Town early in the Morning, that s^Pj^"*^- 
we might consult what was expedient to be done. 

Thursday. Upon Mr. Causton's coming, it was all ^^' 
our Opinions (Mr. Parker joining in the same) that it 
would be by no Means advisable to suffer such a Num- 
ber of remote Indians to come and take up their Abode 
in this Town, for we know not how long a Time; neither 
would it be well to do any Thing that might give them 
Offence: Wherefore we thought it the best Way to send 
to Mrs. Matthews, whom they all have Resort to on these 
Occasions, to persuade them, when they were come the 
Length of the Plantation where she lives on the River, 
to stop there where she might furnish them with Corn 
and proper Sustenance, for their Support whilst they 
staid, which would be allowed her again; by which 
Means we hoped to content them: But incase they were 
to come to Town, we knew by Experience, that not only 
Meat from the Stores must be dealt out to them in 
Plenty, but strong Beer also, and Liquor of any Kind 
wherewith they might get drunk, as was too often their 
Practice; from whence great Mischief might ensue: This 
was a tender Point however, which required great Cau- 
tion; for as they were a numerous Nation, in strict Amity 
with us, and whom the French were near Neighbors to, and 
always courting of them; it was most undoubtedly the 
Interest of this Province, to be on good Terms with 
them almost at any Rate. Hoping this Expedient would 
satisfy them till the Arrival of the General, we sent a 
Messenger to Mrs. Matthews, in pursuance thereof, to 
desire her to amuse them for awhile, as she best knew 
how. 

Friday. Nothing stirring more than common. Every 22. 
one who had any Crop growing employed themselves in 
gathering it in; and I made Shift to get a little Help at 
the rate of 10 /. Currency per Month, which I found 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 205 

would be accepted by a few Stragglers from Purysburgh, iJJL 
who sought for Work, whilst our Countrymen refused it ®®p^°^^- 
without exorbitant Wages; and even those I got must 
have Provisions into the Bargain. 

Saturday. The Magistrates taking the Orphans Ac- »• 
counts into Consideration, I attended them some Time; 
and from what appeared there was no Discovery of any 
Fraud: But since the Death of Mr. Dearne (who was one 
of those Trustees) Mr. Jenkins had nobody appointed to 
a6l with him, which he expressed much Dissatisfadlion 
at, as I had often heard him do before: What the Trus- 
tees had been informed of concerning Coates being 
chosen in that Office was a Mistake; for he never was. 
The principal Objedlion now made to these Accounts, 
was their being a little confused, in not making a proper 
separation of sundry Charges, but blending Things to- 
gether; so that Mr. Jenkins was diredled to get that done 
Sigainst another Day appointed, which he readily prom- 
ised. 

Sunday. The common Service was read, as hitherto, 21 
by Mr. Habersham; and pretty well attended by the Gen- 
erality of the People. 

Monday. Mr. Causton coming to Town, I acquainted as. 
of my Intention to write this Week to the Trust; and de- 
sired to know if he should have any Thing to send in my 
Packet; to which he seemed to show an Indifference, and 
told me, he thought he should write none before he saw 
the General and spoke with him. Frequent Conferences 
now were daily held at Ockstead betwixt him and Mess. 
Parker and Christie, who seldom failed of being one or 
both with him continually; but as these were Matters of 
Privacy, I knew not what they were about. 

Tuesday. This Day I spent wholly at my forty-five ac. 
Acre Lot, where I continued till Night, doing what I 



206 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

could to hasten in my Corn, &c. together with my Son, }^ 
and two People that I hired. At my Return home, I 8*p*J™^- 
heard that Mr. Causton was taken extreamely ill, and 
obliged to take to his Bed at Ockstead. 

Wednesday. A little after Noon a Boat arrived from 27. 
Frederica, wherein came Mr. Thomas Jones, by whom 
we were informed, that the General, with the Blanford 
Man of War and five Transports, arrived safe and well 
at St. Simon's on Monday was Se'nnight the i8th In- 
stant, all in good Health: So long was this good News 
in finding its Way to us. The Remainder of the Day I 
spent with Mr. Jones, informing myself in what he would 
allow me; but he appeared very reserved, and I was much 
surprised at my having no Letter from him of any Kind, 
either publick or private. 

Thursday. Upon farther Conversation this Day with ^s. 
Mr. Thomas Jones, he was pleased to call me aside, and 
in a private Manner delivered me a Packet from the 
Trust, which he thought not proper to deliver me Yes- 
terday, and now desired me not to take Notice of to 
others: Which I could in no wise comprehend the Mean- 
ing of; but what he said or did hitherto, appeared to me 
very mysterious: This Packet containing nothing of any 
Moment more than the original Letters and Papers which 
I before received Copies of from Capt. Percy; but it 
seemed to me as it it was unexpedled, that that Packet 
came too soon to hand before this. When I made any 
offer to talk with him relating to any Thing about the 
Stores, he seemed not well pleased, but plainly told me, 
he had no Business with them, neither would he: But I 
understood by what I heard Mr. Causton had said to 
others, upon Mr. Jones's calling on him in his Way hither 
(as Mr. Causton lay ill) that he was to be assisting to 
him in making up his Accompt: And that Mr. Jones's 
principal Appointment was Advocate of the Regiment. 
From what I could observe, I imagined his chief Busi- 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 207 

ness at present was to learn from any whom he thought ^J^ 
best to enquire of, what Posture Things in general stood s«p^°^^- 
in among us, and to make Report of it to the General, 
whom he sometimes talked of returning to very soon: 
But indeed I could make no certain Judgment of any of 
his Purposes. Mr. Causton continued ill at Ockstead. 

Friday. Busy in writing Letters and preparing my 29. 
Packet for England. Mr. Jones, to divert himself, at the 
Invitation of Mess. Williams and Matthews, went up the 
River to visit their Plantations, and gratify his Curiosity 
that Way: Wherein (knowing his Companions) I fancied 
their Aim was to fish what they could out of him: But I 
was much mistaken, if he was behind either of them in 
Cunning. 

Saturday. Dispatched my Packet, and sent it away w. 
early this Morning to the Attorney-General at Charles- 
Town, which I was obliged to hire a Boat for, at great 
Wages; Mr. Jones telling me, that the General expedled 
his Letters that he had sent, would be forwarded from 
hence without Delay; and we were never sure to find a 
Conveyance any other Way. This Packet containing 
great Variety of Matters, I enclosed in a Box; but noth- 
ing in it from Mr. Causton. Mr. Jones with his Company 
returned in the Evening. 

Sunday. Mr. Habersham continued to read the October 
Prayers of the Church. The News of the Day was, that 
three Persons went off privately in the Night, who were 
said to be run away; their Names were Hughes, Gould 
and Hurst: The first was a young Fellow, by Trade a 
Tallow-Chandler, who of late had not applied himself to 
Business of any Kind; wherefore the Loss of him was of 
no Significance: The second was a very good Accompt- 
ant, had formerly been employed in the Stores, but for 
what Reason discharged was unknown to me: and the 
third was at this Time a Writing Clerk, sent over last 



208 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Year, and closely employed by Mr. Causton at his House ^^^ 
both in Town and at Ockstead: Wherefore Mr. Jones o«\<^^' 
expressed some Uneasiness at it, seeming to conceive 
some Jealousy that the two last were gone off with no 
good Design; and it occasioned much Talk among many 
People. Some more Servants being run away from their 
Masters a few Days since (as it was of late become too 
common a Pradlice, thro' the Countenance they met with 
in Carolina) one Galloway, a Freeholder, and an honest, 
industrious Man, going by the Way of Purysburg in Pur- 
suit of them, and straggling in the Woods, it was feared 
was lost, his Companion who was an Indian, missing him, 
and returning without him. Mr. Causton continued ill at 
Ockstead. 

Monday. The wet Weather, which had now contin- 2. 
ued a long While this later Season, was grown as Griev- 
ous as the great Drought in the former Part of the Year, 
to a great many People, who had any Thing to do with 
Harvest; and this Day more particularly, such a heavy 
Rain fell, as the Like had hardly been seen the whole 
Year; which shut up all at their own Home, and nothing 
was to be observed Abroad, 

Tuesday. Mr. Causton came to Town towards 
Noon, but weak, and spent some Time with Mr. Jones 
at the Stores, and elsewhere ; many necessitous People 
attending to get some Provision, who had an undoubted 
Pretence to it; but the Stores having been shut up sev- 
eral Days past, during the Time that an exa6l Inventory 
was taking; and Mr. Causton alledging, that he had Or- 
ders from the General to issue nothing except to the 
Trust-Servants only, till he came himself; it occasioned 
much Distress among some Families, who had not made 
timely Provision before-hand, as some had, who looked 
farther forward, and laid in Plenty at home, sufficient to 
secure themselves against Want for a Season: Mr. Caus- 
ton himself particularly at once very lately sent off a 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 20ft 

Boat with Provisions laden to the Value of 40 /. Ster- iSL 
ling, to Ockstead. s. 

Wednesday. Another terrible heavy Rain locked *- 
every Body up at their own Homes, and nothing stirring 
Abroad. The low Lands were generally overflowed; 
many People lay under Difficulties in saving their Crop, 
especially of Rice; and that being the principal Depend- 
ance of Carolina, the Planters there were under sad Ap- 
prehensions. 

Thursday. Mr. Causton in Town again for an Hour c. 
or two at the Stores, but returned Home towards Noon, 
weak still. A Vessel arrived from Frederica, with sev- 
eral People belonging to this Town, who went that Way 
on various Business of their own; but none of them 
could give any Account when the General might be ex- 
pedled here. Many poor People came frequently to 
me, entreating for some Relief for their Families out of 
the Stores, and imagining I could help them; wherein 
I let them know how far they were mistaken, and that I 
could not doubt but Mr. Causton had followed what Or- 
ders he received concerning delivering out Provisions; 
which was all I had to say, but was really grieved at the 
Wants which divers of them suffered, whom I knew to 
have a just Demand. As Matters now stood, Mr. Caus- 
ton thought proper to break off the Agreement he had 
made with Mr. West {vide Sept. 9.) and not meddle any 
farther in that Affair; but rather chose to take Lodgings 
in Part of an House near adjoining to the Stores, where 
two Rooms would be sufficient, and convenient for him, 
and such Clerks as he should have Occasion to employ 
there, whilst his principal Abode would be at Ockstead: 
And as for Mr. West the Smith, he seamed to have given 
over all Thoughts of carrying on the Forge Work; where 
though it was not wholly shut up, little or nothing was 
done. 

14 e r— vol 4 



210 COLONIAL RECORDS, 

Friday. Several Guns being fired in the Night off i^ 
Tybee, which we could plainly distinguish, the Wind ^'g^' 
being at North-East, I called upon Donald Stewart, 
Master of the Pilot Sloop, and rebuked him for his (al- 
most continual) Indolence, in lying with his Sloop idle 
at Home, and giving such frequent Occasion for Ships 
coming out of the Sea to complain of Want of Help: 
More especially now I told him it was barbarous, and 
unpardonable in him, to hear of Ships being off the Bar, 
and without doubt in Distress, by their firing in the 
Night, and to take no farther Notice of it: Wherefore I 
required him at his Peril, to make haste instantly; but 
he gave me flatly for Answer, that he had no Provisions, 
and without that he would not stir for any Man in Eng- 
land. Upon which and Mr. Causton not being in Town, 
I talked of it with Mr. Parker; and we both agreed, that 
in such an Exigence of Danger, lest Ships and Men 
should perish for Want of Assistance, it might be justi- 
fiable in us, though without proper Authority, to diredl 
the Delivery of a few Days Provision for that Purpose; 
and we did so: By Virtue of which that Necessity was 
supplied; and some little Time after Stewart sailed; but 
by Reason of these Delays it was now of no Significance; 
for it proved to be a Ship and a Sloop both from the 
Bay of Honduras, bound to the Northward, but by Rea- 
son of fresh Northerly Winds, they had been driven 
back, and could not reach Charles-Town, where they 
might revidlual, their Provisions being all spent, for 
which Reason they sought to put in here; but having no 
Pilot, they durst not attempt it at first; till being driven 
to Want, and near upon a Lee Shore, which they could 
not bear away from, they came to an Anchor through 
Necessity near the North Breakers, where they fired for 
Help in Distress, expedling to perish in case the Anchor 
or any Thing gave Way; and at last seeing no Sign of 
Relief, in extream Want of all Things, they resolved to 
make a bold Push, and try for the Bar; which they did, 
and by great Providence came safe to an Anchor at 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 211 

Cockspur within Tybee. It is to be hoped such a Rem- 2J^ 
edy will be found to prevent all future Complaints of ^®*^^^ 
this Kind, that this Place, instead of being a safe and 
inviting Harbour, may not acquire the Character of an 
inhospitable one, to all who seek it. 

Saturday. No less than four Sloops now at the 7. 
Bluff; but none of them were of any great Boot to this 
Place: One was newly returned from Frederica, Samuel 
Tingley Master, where she had delivered her Cargo for 
the Use of the Regiment, and was going back to New- 
York: Another was a Sloop from Providence, with Turtle, 
Fruit and Molasses, which stopt at Tybee a few Days 
since, bound for Charles-Town, but in her Way thither 
sprung a dangerous Leak, and now came back hither to 
mend it: Another was that Sloop which came in in such 
Distress with the Ship to Tybee, mentioned Yesterday, 
wanting Necessaries, which she could come at no other- 
wise than by trucking some of her Lading (that was Log- 
wood) with some of our Keepers of Stores, for Food: 
And the fourth was a Sloop just come in from New- York 
in an extraordinary Passage of five Days, laden with all 

Kinds of Provision ( Ware Master) but he was now 

at a wrong Place for a Market; though having good 
Plenty of well brewed Beer aboard, which at this Season 
of the Year was much wished for by most People; more 
(abundantly) went without any, than the few who could 
find Money to buy, and the publick Stores had none. 
Mr. Causton came to Town, made a short Stay at the 
Stores, and returned. 

Sunday. The publick Service of the Day was read by g. 
Mr. Habersham, as before; and there were not wanting 
enough to make a decent Congregation. 

Monday. John Penrose, who went for Charles-Town ^^ 
with my Packet on the 30th ult. and returned Home in 
the Night sick, occasioned by very bad weather, told me. 



212 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

he had delivered it safe at the Attorney-Generars; but 13!^ 
he being out of Town, his Clerk opened my private Let- ^^J^' 
ter to him, whom he said he would send it instantly to, 
and promised effedlual Care should be taken that the 
Packet should go safely by the Seaflower, John Ebswor- 
thy Master, now ready for sailing, and bound to Bristol. 
The News we had from all Parts now, agreed in the great 
Preparations that were making in England to send out a 
grand Fleet of Ships, so that there seemed to be no lon- 
ger Doubt of a War breaking out soon. The Weather 
being now grown favorable again, every Body who had 
any Harvest were busy in saving what they could. 

Tuesday. This Morning we had the long-expedled lo. 
News of the General's being on his Way to us from 
Frederica; and accordingly due Preparation was made to 
receive him, as we did in the best Manner we could, 
about four in the Afternoon, under a Discharge of the 
Artillery: He was attended in his Passage by only Capt. 
Hugh McKay, of his own Regiment, and Capt. Suther- 
land, Commander of Johnson's Fort at Charles-Town in 
Carolina. All who thronged to bid him welcome, were 
kindly admitted, without Distindlion. 



11. 

12. 



Wednesday, "^ These Days were variously taken 
Thursday, i up in attending the General, to re- 

Friday, I ceive his Orders, and execute such ^• 

Saturday. J Commands as he saw proper, where- "' 

in nothing passed that was uncommon or extraordinary. 

Sunday. The common Service of the Day was read le. 
by Mr. Habersham, as before; and the General was 
pleased to attend it personally, both in the Morning and 
Afternoon. In the Evening arrived Capt Thompson in 
the Two Brothers, with a great Number of German Serv- 
ants, and as a Passenger Mr. Norris, appointed by the 
Trustees to supply the Place of a Minister, in the Room 
of Mr, John Wesley, who went for England last Winter. 



COLONIAL RECORDS, 213 

Monday. The General having in divers Instances dis- ^^!^ 
covered his Dislike of the past Management of the Stores, ^°5S^' 
Mr. Jones was busy now by his Order, in looking into 
the Books and Accounts kept there. Received Letters 
from Mr. Abercromby, Attorney-General at Charles- 
Town, signifying, that the Packet which I sent in a Box 
for the Trustees, and which had been delivered to his 
Clerk in his Absence out of Town (vtd^ Monday the 9th 
Inst.) was not gone, by Reason the Ship which it was in- 
tended to be sent by, and which sailed presently after, 
was bound for Bristol; and as he knew not whom to con- 
sign it to the Care of there, he did not think it safe to 
hazard it at an uncertainty: Which News was very un- 
welcome to me, and more so to the General, from whom 
I inclosed and sent in it divers Letters of great Moment. 
Robert Gilbert was sworn one of the Bailiffs. 

Tuesday. The great Mismanagement of the Trust 17. 
Funds sent for the Support of the Colony, now more 
and more appearing, upon enquiring into; the General 
called all the Inhabitants together at the Town-House, 
and there made a pathetick Speech to them, setting forth 
how deeply the Trust was become indebted, by Mr. Caus- 
ton's having run into so great Exceedings beyond what 
they had ordered, which debts the Trust had nothing left 
at present to discharge, besides what Goods and Effedls 
they had in the Store, which must in a great Measure be 
applied to those Purposes, especially first to all such as 
the Stores were owing any Thing to, by which Means 
there would be a Necessity of retrenching the ordinary 
Issues, that something might remain for the necessary 
Support of Life, among the Industrious People, who were 
not to be blamed. This had such an Effedl, that many 
People appeared thunder-struck, knowing not where it 
would end; neither could the most knowing determine it. 

Wednesday. By Order from the General, I wrote a Let- is. 
ter to Mr. Causton, and delivered it myself ; dismissing 



214 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

him entirely from the Stores, and requiring him to deliv- ,i^ 
er over all Books, Papers arid Accounts belonging to the ^^^^ 
Stores, into the Hands of Mr. Thomas Jones: And in the 
Evening he sent for Mr. Causton, and required him to 
find Security for his Appearance to answer, &c. but it 
appearing not possible to find Sureties in this Place ade- 
quate to the Charge which might be against him, the 
General was content, for Example-sake, to all other 
Prosecutors, not to insist upon more than his own Bond, 
and an Assignment of all his Improvements at Ockstead, 
or elsewhere. 

Thursday, ^ The General's close Application i». 

Friday, r to Business, calling on divers for ao. 

Saturday. ' Information in many Things, took «• 
up the Time of all who were any Ways engaged in the 
Trust's Service; so that I found little to Remark in par- 
ticular, except an unhappy Accident of Fire, which in 
the Forenoon on Thursday burnt down two large Huts, 
where two French Families lived, viz. Becu a Baker, and 
Bailleau a Hatter; and it was so sudden and violent, that 
great Part of their Household Goods, &c. was lost. 
Some one of these three Days I delivered to Mr. 
Parker, by the GeneraPs Order, the Constitution ap- 
pointing him first Bailiff; whereby Mr. Causton was now 
discharged from that Office as well as from the Stores. 
Mr. Jones the Surveyor was also discharged from that 
Employment, and suspended from the Office of first 
Constable. Fitzwalter the Gardener likewise received 
his Dismission, being judged not needful, and to save 
Expence: For which Reason several other Expences* 
which at this Time appeared superfluous, were marked 
out to be retrenched. 

Sunday. Mr. Norris, lately arrived by Appointment 22. 
from the Trust, began to exercise his Office this Day, 
and preached on i John i, 5, 6, 7, wherein he exhorted 
his Hearers to Holiness of Life, as a Means to assure 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 216 

us of the Forgiveness of Sins by Christ's Death; and ac- ^}^ 
cording to my weak Capacity, it was a good pradlical ^^^^ 
Discourse^ such as every good Man might improve by, 
in making it a Rule of Life : But was a little surprised 
to find some People shew a Dislike to his Sermon after- 
wards, alledging that they thought he set too great a 
Value on good Works, though they were the Effedl of 
a sound Faith, and condemning any Thing that came 
from a Pulpit savouring of Morality; not allowing of 
Christian Philosophy, or that the Pradlice of all social 
Virtues was of any Significance, but all was wrapt up in 
an unintelligible Faith; which I knew no better Evidence 
to be given of, than an entire Obedience. From whence 
the Propagation of such mysterious Dodlrine at first 
sprung, is pretty well known: But such sublime Points 
in Divinity I apprehend, are ill suited with the present 
Circumstarles of this young Colony, where the Preach- 
er's LaboJr would most certainly be best bestowed, in 
plainly setting forth the sad Consequences of a vicious 
Life, the Amiableness of a Christian Religion, with the 
certain Rewards attending the Practice of it; and incul- 
cating those Duties to God and our Neighbors, which 
arc so essential in our Religion; and the Practice of 
which, we are taught to hope, through the Mediation 
of our Saviour will be accepted, though not through any 
Merit of our own, relying on him by Faith. 

Monday, I These two Days were fully taken m, 
Tuesday, j up, as many had been before, in 24. 
attending the General's Commands; whilst he pursued, 
with unwearied Application, his Enquiry into past Mat- 
ters of all Kinds; which were so various and perplexed 
in divers Instances, as to render it impradlicable to make 
a Detail of here: But it may not be amiss to specify two 
or three remarkable Particulars. 

The General, after having publickly laid open the 
lamentable State the Colony was in, and now reduced 
to, in his Speech of the 17th Instant; and in divers Con- 



216 COLONIAL RECORDS- 

ferences afterwards unfolded his Sentiments thereon, ^^ 
was pleased one Day to signify his Pleasure to Mr. ^^^^ 
Parker and me by Way of Letter ; wherein he required 24. 
us to deliver our Opinions to him in Writing, how and 
in what Manner it would be advisable to issue Stores, for 
the intended Purpose of answering the Debts claimed 
against the Trust; which after Deliberation, we did in the 
Words following. 

**We are humbly of Opinion, that to make publick 
'*Sale of any of the Stores by Auction, might produce 
"great loss, by selling at under Value, and few Buyers, 
**so that the Amount would be inconsiderable: Wherefore 
'*we conceive, that any Persons residing in the Province 
"only, to whom the Store is indebted, and are willing to 
"take the Value of their Debts in Stores, may be entitled 
"to receive the same in such Proportion as their Neces- 
"sity requires." But this not appearing fully to answer 
the General's Purpose, he chose rather to dictate his 
own Meaning; which he did, and we took it from him in 
writing, as he spoke it, in the following Words. 

"Pursuant to the Trustees Orders, we shall proceed to 
"give Notice to all that are indebted, to pay in their 
"Debts, and shall be ready to receive the same: But we 
"have too great Reason to fear, that few can at present 
"pay, by Reason of the Loss of their Crops, and hard 
"Duties, occasioned by the Apprehension from the Span- 
**iards, which has reduced the People to great Poverty. 
"And with respedl to the Manner of selling the Effedls 
"of the Trustees, we are of Opinion, that to sell them 
"by Auction would produce great Loss, by selling at under 
"Value, and there would be few Buyers, so that the 
"Amount would be inconsiderable: Wherefore this 
"Method we conceive would be contrary to the Trustees 
** Orders, viz. That these Sums thereby due to the Trus- 
"tees, together with their Effects in Georgia, is the only 
**Fund to answer all Expences in Georgia to Midsummer 
''1739, besides paying all outstanding Debts there, and 
"what is deficient to answer all the certified Accounts 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 217 

**sent over. Therefore our Opinion is, that to make the .iJJi, 
"most of the Effects, is to issue at the Store Prices, to ^°^|>" 
"'such Persons as are desirous to take them in Payment u. 
•*of their Demand; and in so doing to pursue the Trust's 
'•Dire6lions, who first mention the answering all Ex- 
"pcnces in Georgia, and paying all outstanding Demands 
**there'*. To which Opinion Mr. Parker and I set our 
Hands. 

The last Affair which the General took in hand on 
Tuesday Evening, was to settle the Officers civil and 
military: Mr. Parker now was confirmed first Bailiff, to 
whom Mr. Gilbert was added; but there remained a Va- 
cancy for a third, to be farther considered of: Mr. Jones 
being displaced, Mr. Fallowfield was first Constable by 
Succession, to whom Mr. Mercer was now added for a 
second (a Man in all Appearance very well qualified for 
that Office, and a good Townsman, though formerly there 
was some Variance betwixt him and Mr. Causton 
but the General deferred making a Choice of another 
Constable till he saw us again: And several Vacancies 
being among the Tythingmen, he created some new ones, 
so far as to make the present Number eighteen. Then 
calling all the Officers to his Lodgings, he gave it in 
Charge, that they should all do their Duties with Care 
and Vigilance, especially in preserving Peace among us. 
at this Time, when ill disposed Persons, taking Advan- 
tage of Peoples Uneasiness at those inevitable Pressures 
they laboured under, and must necessarily for some Time, 
might craftily incite them to an Insurrection: At the 
same Time he recommended earnestly to them, to pre- 
serve Unanimity among themselves, which would 
strengthen and support a due Authority, and restrain the 
Licentious in due Obedience. 

Wednesday. This Morning the General left us, and »• 
returned to the South, leaving a gloomy Prospedl of 
what might ensue; and many sorrowful Countenances 
were visible, under the Apprehensions of future Want: 



218 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Which deplorable State the Colony was now fallen into, il^ 
through such Means as few or none had any Imagina- ^g^' 
tion of (my own entire Ignorance of it I truly own) till the 
Trustees in their late Letters awakened us out of our 
Dream; and the General, when he came, laid the Whole 
open, and declared we were but little removed from a 
downright Bankruptcy. Now was a Time when it would 
be fully apparent, who were most valuable among us, by 
shewing a hearty Endeavour to contribute what in them 
lay, to appease the Discontents which must arise, and 
with Patience wait to see better Things, which were not 
yet to be despaired of. Mr. Jones was now in full Pos- 
session of the Stores, notwithstanding that Declaration 
he made at his first coming, which I could never well 
unriddle the Meaning of; and he had ample Instructions 
from the General, in what Manner and Proportion he was 
to serve the different Classes of People he had to deal 
with: At the same Time Mr. Causton and his Clerks 
were busied in an adjacent Apartment, exclusive from 
the Stores, to make up those long Accounts, and then 
Mr. Jones was to examine them and make his observa- 
tions: But Mr. Bradley (as Mr. Jones told fne) had yet 
made no Beginning, nor did it appear when he would; 
for whatever Method had been proposed to him, he 
liked none of them, but evaded it under some Pretence 
or other: He had been sickly of late, and continued 
weak. 



Thursday, l It was now Time to look into my own 2«. 

Friday, > small Affairs again, which the Multi- 27. 

Saturday. ) plicity of Business of far greater Mo- m. 
ment would not for a while Past admit of: Wherefore 
my present Care, during the remainder of the Week, 
was about what was yet undone, in saving such Pro- 
ductions of my Plantation as were last ripe, namely 
some Rice and Potatoes; and to that I was forced to 
hire Help, my own Servants now affording very little. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 219 

Sunday. Mr. Norn's proceeded regularly in doing ,i^ 
his Duty, conformable to the Kubrick, in all Parts of the ^<^^)>«' 
publick Worship, and this Day administered the Sacra- 
ment, to the Comfort of divers People. 



Monday. It began now to appear, that a Misunder- 
standing was growing betwixt Mr. Norris and Mr. Hab- 
ersham the School-Master, whom Mr. Whitfield had 
substituted in his absence to read the Prayers, &c. the 
latter not qualified to execute that Office, which it be- 
hoved him to surrender to a Person so properly commis- 
sioned, could not refrain from speaking lightly of him to 
divers People; and in making Comparisons betwixt him 
and Mr. Whitfield, to whom he was so closely attached, 
was sure to give the Preheminance to his Friend: All 
which coming to Mr. Norris's Ears, he complained of to 
me, but did it in a very modest Manner, and appeared 
no Ways uneasy at it, farther than that he was apprehen- 
sive it might be a Means of dividing the Congregation, 
and spiriting up a new Se<5l, who through Ignorance 
might be led away, and absent themselves from publick 
Worship. This I was sorry to hear, and the more so, 
because I feared there was too great a Probability of it: 
For Mr. Whitfield being a Man of peculiar Eloquence in 
the Pulpit, had captivated his Hearers very much; and 
withal after reading the second Lesson, was wont gen- 
erally to expound on the whole Chapter extempore, with 
great Volubility; to make Room for which, he laid aside 
the Use of the first Lesson, and the Psalms, which un- 
doubtedly carry in them the highest Spirit of Devotion: 
On the contrary Mr. Norris did not assume Confidence 
enough, in that Manner off-hand, to be an Expositor of 
whole Chapters at a Time in the Bible; but contented 
himself with going through the whole Office appointed 
for Prayer, Mornings and Evenings constantly with great 
Decency, and was pundlual in catechising the Chil- 
dren, baptising of Infants, visiting the Sick, and all other 
Parts of his Duty, so far as could be seen hitherto; and 



80. 



220 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

behaved himself modestly, but sociably; and unblameable ^^^ 
in his Conversation and Manner of living: Wherefore it ^^^^' 
was due to him to meet with Courtesy, and just Regard 
from all People; and much more, not to be slandered, and 
brought into low Esteem by some Zealots of a new Sort, 
who affedled an extraordinary Sandlity, and would shut 
the Gates of Heaven against all who could not attain to 
that Purity which they professed and had been instrudled 
in. 

Tuesday. Mr. Jones sending frequently to desire my si. 
coming to him at the Stores, with Mr. Parker; I always 
went readily, as Mr. Parker also did generally, when he 
could be found; and ordinarily the Occasion of his send- 
ing, was to give our Opinion concerning the Delivering 
out small Quantities of Provision to People in Distress; 
for bare Subsistence a very short While; some of whom 
had a just Pretence, under an immediate Necessity, and 
were willing and able to repay it soon; some again were 
Obje<Sls truly deserving Aid and Support, after being re- 
duced to a low Estate, through Sickness, or perhaps the 
like; and some had no better Pretence, than a bold Face, 
hardened through Custom to hang upon the Stores for a 
Maintenance: In all which Cases we distinguished as 
well as we could, and gave our Opinions to the best of 
our Judgment: But Mr. Parker expressed some Uneasi- 
ness at it betwixt him and me; saying, that he thought it 
was going beyond our Commission, which was from the 
Trust Letters to authorize Mr. Causton and us two, or any 
two of us to diredl the Issues of all Stores; which were in 
pursuance of that, to be delivered out by Mr. Jones: But 
Mr. Causton being now discharged from any former 
Trust, and the General having pointed out to Mr. Jones 
such Limitations as he thought needful concerning the 
future Issues, he (Mr. Parker) apprehended we had no 
more to do in it: Wherein I so agreed with him in Opin- 
ion, that we ought not to take upon us to diredl in it; 
but nevertheless as there might be (and were) many 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 221 

Cases, which the General and Mr. Jones together could ,i!^ 
not foresee; I thought it was no more than showing our ^JJJ**' 
good Wills, and Readiness to give any Assistance we 
were capable of, by telling our Opinions in such Matters 
when asked; which was to be deemed an Opinion only, 
and not an Order; and therefore I should never refuse 
giving it when desired; which sometimes was often in a 
Dav. 

Wednesday. A Rumor about Town prevailing (from NoT«mb. 
what Grounds I know not) that Mr. Bradley was prepar- 
ing to leave the Colony privately; a Surgeon, whom he 
was indebted to in the Sum of 20 /. Sterling, for Medi- 
cines and Attendance in time of Sickness, had him ar- 
rested, and obliged him to give Bail for his Appearance 
to the A<5lion, &c. In private Conference with Mr. Jones, 
he told me often of the confused State in which he found 
Mr. Causton's Account, and every Day gave him more 
and more Dislike to what he saw, hinting that he could 
not be without Suspicions of bad Pra(5lices coming to 
Light ere long. 

Thursday. This Morning Mr. Jones's Suspicion con- a. 
cerning Mr. Causton was grown much stronger, from an 
Information received, that William Ewen, Mr. Causton's 
principal Servant in delivering our Stores, and young 
Houston a Clerk there, were both gone off privately for 
Charles-Town. It had been customary with Ewen to go 
on Saturday's Evening to a Plantation which he had at 
Skedoway, and to return on Monday's Morning; but now 
from last Saturday when he went, together with Houston, 
no News had been heard of either, till this News came 
by a chance Boat, which met them on this Side Port- 
Royal, making their Course that Way. Mr. Causton had 
been complaining before this Advice came, of Ewen's 
Negligence in not attending at the Stores duly, to be 
serviceable to Mr. Jones in whatever he required; which 
Negledl of his he was apprehensive (he said) might be 



222 COLONIAL RECORDS- 

looked on as countenanced by himself, and draw on Re- ^1^ 
flexions to his Prejudice; for which Reason he had de- ^^\^^^ 
sired Mr. Parker and me to write him a Letter, reprehend- 
ing him sharply for the Injury he might do his Master, 
and admonish him to return with all Speed: We did so, 
and Mr. Parker undertook to send it to Skedoway to 
him: But it is to be doubted, that all this was Craft only, 
if what some People said was true, viz. that it was talked 
in Mr. Causton's Family the same Morning over a Cup 
of Tea, that Ewen was gone to Carolina, at the same Time 
we were desired to write to him at Skedoway : However, 
this was looked on as a malicious Suggestion, and raised 
by his Enemies to aggravate his Guilt. 

Friday. Little passed this Day worth noting, or call- i. 
ing me aside from my own private Affairs; only a 
small Packet having been brought me from Charles- 
town for the General, diredled to my Care, about two 
or three Days since from John Penrose, and hearing that 
a Boat was going very soon for Frederica, I wrote to 
the General enclosing that Packet, and likewise acquaint- 
ing him with the Report we had from Carolina, that 
Colonel Horsey, their intended Governor, died in Lon- 
don two or three Days before his designed Embarkation; 
which was most unwelcome News, and such as we wished 
might not prove true, though what Foundation there was 
for it we yet knew not. This Packet I delivered to Mr. 
Upton, who was going a Passenger in the Boat aforesaid. 

Saturday. After spending a great Part of this Day 4. 
abroad at my little Plantation; at my Return home in 
the Afternoon, I understood the Boat was gone wherein 
Mr. Upton went, and by him Mr. Jones wrote also to the 
General, informing him in what Posture Things stood in 
the Stores, more particularly relating to Mr. Causton and 
his Accounts, where he had conceived a great Jealousy 
for some Days past; and this Evening as soon as I came 
home, he found me at my Dinner, when he very much 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 223 

surprised me, by telling me what Suspicions he had, that ^]^ 
Mr. Causton was intending to go off privately, and for Novemb. 
ought he knew, it might be this very Night. What far- 
ther Grounds he had for suspecting it more than the go- 
ing off of some of the Clerks together with Ewen (which 
we had known several Days, and which indeed had an 
ugly Aspedl) I could not tell, neither did he acquaint me 
with any new Information, if he had any such: Never- 
theless, he said he was determined that he. would make 
Affidavit, that he had good Reason to be apprehensive 
of it; which to be sure I would not be averse to, that 
Examination might be made about it, and Security taken, 
if needful, &c. Wherefore Mr. Christie being near at 
hand, Mr. Jones made Affidavit accordingly before him, 
agreeable to what he had before declared; and Mr. Chris- 
tie thereupon issued his Warrant to apprehend Mr. Caus- 
ton; which was soon done at his proper Abode in Town; 
and upon hearing what was alledged against him, and 
what he had to say in his own Vindication, Mr. Jones 
was content, that such Bail should be accepted for his 
Appearance as was customary in the Colony, and could 
be reasonably expelled; namely, two Freeholders who 
were to be bound in lOO/. each, and himself 200/, for 
which Mr. Bailiff Parker, and Mr. Hugh Anderson, en- 
tered into Recognizance with him; and so for the Present 
it ended. 

Sunday. Mr. Norris officiated as usual; observed the ^ 
proper Service appointed for the Day, and gave us a 
very good Sermon upon blind and mistaken Zeal, with a 
suitable and ingenious Application. 

Monday. When the General was with us, he received e. 
several Letters and Petitions from divers poor People, 
intreating his Favour and Aid in many Instances, which 
the great Perplexity of Affairs he was looking into then, 
not allowing him Time to consider well of, he was pleased 
to refer a good Number ot them to me to enquire into 



224 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

the Merits of, and report to him my Opinion upon them. ^13^ 
This would take up what spare Time I had occasionally; ^^''^^' 
and this Day more particularly I was pretty much that 
Way employed. 

Tuesday. Mr. Bradley going Yesterday for Carolina, t. 
without any Stop or. Molestation; and giving it out that 
the Occasion of his Travel, was to seek for Provisions 
for his Family, which now he thought were delivered out 
of the Stores too sparingly for them to subsist on (and 
what other private Reasons he had for absenting himself 
he did not divulge) Mr. Causton took Occasion from 
thence to exclaim against Mr. Jones in Conversation 
among all his Friends, as adting partially with him, 
whom he said he had dealt rigorously with, and required 
to find Sureties for his Abode in the Colony; and now 
suffered another barefaced to go off, whom he knew to 
be greatly accountable, even to such a Degree, that there 
was but little Appearance of his ever getting a due Dis- 
charge: But all Talk of this Kind among them I avoided 
saying any Thing to, or intermeddling where my Duty 
did not call me; thinking it sufficient to speak my Opin- 
ion plainly and openly in such Matters as Mr. Jones 
asked of me, when he thought proper to communicate 
his own Sentiments relating to the publick Service. 

Wednesday. This Day like many others, my Door s 
was almost continually frequented by poor People of di- 
vers Sorts, importuning me to intercede at the Stores for 
some small Relief under their immediate Necessities; 
imagining, though without Cause, that it lay in my Power 
» to order it: And thereupon the greatest Part of the 
Clamour fell to my Share, which indeed gave me great 
Disquiet. Some whom I judged most deserving, I assured 
I would recommend to Mr. Jones, on Mr. Parker's join- 
ing with me; and others I gave such different Answers 
to, as to me seemed best suited to their Pretensions. 
What else occurred was scarce worth Notice. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 22& 

Thursday. The same again; and nothing farther to ,1^ 
be observed till late in the Evening; when Mr. Causton ^^J™^* 
came to me and told me of his being much surprised an 
hour or two ago, upon the receipt of an anonymous Let- 
ter, which was delivered him at his Lodgings by a Per- 
son also unknown; importing, that Mr. Jones treating 
him so severely, and putting him into so great Terror; 
he, though a Stranger, looked on his Case to deserve 
Compassion, and therefore offered him (Mr. Causton) 
his Assistance, which if he would accept of, he would 
carry him to a Place of Safety, where he might be easy, 
and have full Liberty to make up his Accounts at his 
own Liesure; that if he inclined to speak with him upon 
it, he should find him at this Instant walking alone in 
the Square, and might be known by a certain Sign 
(which I have forgot) or if he rather chose to meet him 
in a less publick Place, he would be walking in the 
Morning towards the Spring, at the Town's End, and 
would be known by some other certain Sign. Hereupon 
Mr. Causton (as he told me) chose rather to go immedi- 
ately to the Square, where accordingly he met such a 
Person, with whom he had a very short Conference; in 
which he thanked him for his Offer, wondering what 
could induce such a Stranger to propose a Matter of 
such Consequence to him, wherein consisted every Thing 
that he valued; and that he was determined to see the 
utmost of it, come what would; and so after mutual Civ- 
ilities they parted: The Person (he said) appeared by 
his Garb and Behaviour like a Gentleman, and believed 
him to be one. Capt. Blake, whose Ship was now lying 
at Tybee, who lately came in there upon receiving some 
Damage at Sea in bad Weather, and was now refitting 
there by the Assistance of Mr. Williams; after which 
she was bound to Barbadoes. Upon putting it all to- 
gether, I thought it pretty remarkable; nor could I judge 
what to make of it: But he farther assured me, that he 

had two Friends with him, when the Letter was delivered, 
I5er— Ti 



226 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

who both subscribed their Attestation to its being so re- J^ 
ceived. ^°7."'^- 

Friday. The ordinary Business of the Day passing lo. 
over, wherein nothing uncommon happened; towards 
Evening young Hugh McKay (who commanded at Fort 
St. Andrew's till the regular King's Forces arrived) came 
to us from the South, and brought us the unexpe<5led 
News, that the General was on his Way hither again, 
and that we might expedl him by the next Flood. 

Saturday. Waiting early in the Morning at Church, il 
on the bell ringing to Prayers, General Oglethorpe who 
landed but a little Time before, came and made Part of 
the Congregation: After which, he took a Walk towards 
the Garden, allowing me to attend him; and from Part 
of his Discourse, I gathered, that the chief Occasion of 
his sudden Expedition hither, was from what Mr. Jones 
had wrote him concerning Mr. Causton's Proceedings in 
making up his Accounts, who (it seems) had in some 
Talk with Mr. Jones insinuated something which carried 
a Reflexion on the General, as if he very well knew what 
extraordinary Occasions had created these great Exceed- 
ings; which the Trustees not approving of, he was given 
up to be driven to utter Ruin: This Mr. Jones had be- 
fore taken Notice of to me; and at the same Time told 
me, he had wrote it to the General; wherefore I might 
readily conclude (I thought with myself) that the Gen- 
eral would not sit still, when he found his Name men- 
tioned in such a Manner^ and his Honor was concerned. 
Divers Affairs which he thought of most Importance to 
enquire into, during the short Stay he purposed to make, 
he dispatched; and in the Evening sent for Mr. Causton; 
when in a very mild Manner, and gentler Terms than 
could be expelled upon such a Provocation, he repre- 
hended him for the Freedom he had taken with his 
Name, advising him to use no Delays or Shifts in making 
up his Accounts, which would add more Weight to what 



COLONIAL EECOKDS. 227 

he had already upon him, that if in the Course of his i^ 
Enquiry he had any written Orders from him, he ought n<^|J]=^^- 
to produce them; or if he had verbal Orders only, he 
should not scruple to charge such to his Account, and 
leave it to him to exonerate himself; or if he had in 
divers Cases no other Plea than the Necessity of the 
Service, there he ought to set forth what that Necessity 
was, and leave it to the Trustees to consider how far it 
would content them; wishing he might get to as good 
an End of it, as he ought in Reason to expedt; and so 
dismissed him. Among other Things generally talked 
of in Town on this Occasion, none deserved the like At- 
tention, as what was told us concerning a late Mutiny 
among the Soldiers at Fort St. Andrew's; where they 
attempted openly the Life of the General himself, as well 
as their immediate Officer Capt. McKay; but by the great 
Pre3ence of Mind in the General^ and his daring Intrep- 
idity, it was happily suppressed, with the Loss of one 
Man shot in the Scuffle, and divers taken into Custody, 
to meet with their Demerits at a Court- Martial hereafter. 
These Things coming to my Knowledge by Report only 
and variously told, I chuse to waive the Particulars, lest 
I should err, and knowing it will be more fully and au- 
thentically related. 

Sunday. Mr. Norris did the Duty of the Day, to the i::, 
satisfaction of all who were well disposed; and urged 
the Necessity of doing the Will of God, and not to rely 
on the Appearance of Religion, by saying Lord, Lord, 
&c. The General took Boat, and went back South again 
a little after Noon. 

Monday. Having much Writing upon my Hands, and is. 
nothing particularly requiring my Attendance elsewhere, 
I confined myself this Day wholly at home. 

Tuesday. Mess. Horton and Dunbar, who attended i4. 
the General hither, and were left behind him with Orders 



228 COLONIAL BECORDS. 

to go on to the Settlements of Carolina, and to buy Oxen ij^ 
and other Kinds of Provision there, for viaualling the Sol- Novemb. 
diers &c. went forwards this Day for the Purpose de- 
signed: And Mr. Jones being very much dissatisfied at 
so many of the Peoples withdrawing v(ho belonged to 
the Stores, viz. Hurst, Houston, and Ewen, he got a 
Warrant to apprehend them, which he gave to those 
Gentlemen going that Way, desiring that they would get 
it backed by any Justice of the Peace in those Parts; and 
if they or any of them that so kept aside, could be 
taken, that they might be sent hither for farther Enquiry 
to be made. 

Wednesday. About Noon William Ewen (late Servant 15. 
at the Stores) arrived in Town from P^rt-Royal (as he 
said) and not knowing that any Warrant was issued to 
apprehend him; but Mr. Jones said afterwards, that he 
accosted him in a very insolent and saucy Manner: Be 
that as it would, Mr. Jones came to me soon after the 
other's Arrival, telling me of it, and that he did not 
think it sufficient Ewen was come, for that he might, when- 
ever he pleased, play the same Trick again; wherefore 
he was resolved to take him up by Warrant, &c. which 
Mr. Christie readily granted; and upon his being brought 
before the Magistrates, who upon this Occasion met at 
my House, after hearing what Mr. Jones alledged against 
him, and what he had to say in his own Justification, they 
required him to find some Person, who was a Freeholder, 
that would jointly enter into Recognizance with himself, 
in the Penalty of 20/. each, that he should not depart 
thj^ Colony within the Space of one Month ensuing, or 
before the Stores were fully delivered into Mr. Jones's 
Hands: Which was done accordingly. 

Thursday. This Morning Mr. Colliton, with Colonel i«. 
Dorsey, and Mr. Middleton (all Gentlemen of Carolina, 
who came to Town last Night) called to make me a Visit, 
which they principally intended to the General, but missed 



COLONIAL RECORDS, .229 

him: They brought two small Packets of Letters with ^^ 
them, one from Lieutenant Governor Bull, and the other ^^\5f^^- 
from Mr. Godine, a Merchant in Carolina, which were 
both delivered me by the Gentlemen for the General. 
They reported Colonel Horsey's Death, which we were 
unwilling to give Credit to, from divers Circumstances 
which seemed to contradiA it, still hoping for better 
News. 

Friday. Sent off those Packets which came Yester- n. 
day for the General, by William Francis, who had for along 
While been an Established Messenger by Land, betwixt 
the North and South Parts of the Province; for which 
Purpose he kept Horses, and was a daring Rider, at lOO/. 
Sterling per Annum Salary: By him I also wrote to the 
General, whom he was now going on other Occasions to 
attend per Order, 

The Carolina Gentlemen took leave, and returned 
home. 

Saturday. Mr. Norris could not forbear complaining is. 
to me again, of the injurious Treatment he found from 
Mr. Habersham the School-Master; who, he was well 
informed was still raising false and idle Reports of him 
in such Company as he kept, endeavoring to ridicule 
him, and make him contemptible in the Eyes of the Peo- 
ple, &c. which he seemed to expe<5l me to bear in Mem- 
ory, in case any future Notice should be taken of it; but 
said withal, that he wished much rather that such Back- 
biting might die away, and that Mr. Habersham would 
put an End to all Calumny; which he for his Part should 
very unwillingly draw into Debate, unless Self-Defence 
made it necessary. This I was sorry to hear, knowing 
Mr. Norris to be of a peaceable, quiet Temper, who I 
never heard had spoke with any DisrespeA of his Prede- 
cessor that was now in London, nor behaved with any 
Indecency towards Mr. Habersham: But the whole Truth 
I plainly saw was this, that Mr. Norris, by the Trustees 



230 COLONIAL EECORDS. 

Appointment, was established Minister at Savannah, ^^ 
whilst Mr. Whitfield was gone for England, in Expect- ^"^J^^ 
ance of returning hither invested with that Appointment 
himself: Under which Disappointment among some few 
particular People, whom as few can please, this Minis- 
ter's Character must be pulled to Pieces and mangled, 
that another, whom they are fond of, may shine with the 
greater Lustre: But they begin to find themselves mis- 
taken, in expelling an Increase of such giddy Professors, 
who to express their Zeal, forget Charity; for that is 
truly the Case. 

Sunday. The Congregation shewed plainly both Fore- i^- 
noon and After, that the Generality of the People would 
not desert the Church so long as divine Service was well 
performed in it, and sound Dodlrine came from the Pul- 
pit; which could not be objected to, in an excellent 
practical Discourse delivered there this Day: and it was 
remarkable, that notwithstanding so much Endeavor to 
depreciate the Minister, there was more of those present 
who hold the first Rank among the Inhabitants, than or- 
dinarily has been observed. 

Monday. Mess. Causton and Jones each with me in 20 
their Turns severally complaining; one that he was so 
harrassed and terrified with hard Words and Threats, 
that at the Rate he was going on, he should become inca- 
pable of perfe<5ling the Work he was upon; and the other 
retorting, that he saw the Pains which were taken would 
end in nothing but rendering the Whole more abstruse, 
and inextricable, than before, which he said with great 
Warmth: But as I knew myself no competent Judge in 
those Matters, I could say little to either. Upon my ask- 
ing Mr. Jones, whether any Progress or Beginning had 
yet been made in Mr. Bradley's Affair; he replied, after 

some Pause, " Poor Man! I pity him, he has 

'*such an unsettled Head, that I fear no Good can 
"ever be expe<5led from him: Would to God he would 



COLONIAL RECORDS, 231 

"find some Way or other to withdraw and go off; I know ^iJJi, 
••of nobody that would think it worth while to persuc ^^^^f^- 
••him; and the first Loss to the Trust, in his Case, would 
••behest, without adding yet more." To which I said 
nothing. The Trustees in their last Letter dire<5ling me 
to enquire what Grounds there was, for a Complaint to 
them against Thomas Young, Wheelwright, for abusing 
his Apprentice one Oakes, whose Father was one of the 
King's Coachmen; I sent for the Boy, and examined him 
closely thereon, shewing him great Countenance, and as- 
suring him not only of Prote<5lion here, but also if there 
appeared good cause for it, I told him I had Power to 
discharge him, and send him home, whereupon he should 
be bold, and tell me the Truth without Fear: But the 
Boy assured me, that he never sent any such Complaint, 
and believed it was the Doing of one Mrs. Charles, 
whose Husband first ran away out of the Colony, and 
she followed about a Year since; and that if she was the 
Person (as he believes she was) that did it, it was with- 
out any Orders from him: And as to his Master's Usage, 
he told me, it was very good; that he never failed of a 
Belly-full of good Food, such as his Master himself eat; 
that he had Shirts and Cloaths as good as any in the 
Town of his Equals in the Service they were; but only 
wanted a better Coat for Sundays, which his Master had 
ordered to be provided for him: That he worked alike with 
a Grandson of his Master's at the Trade he was bound 
to, and that when his Master corrected him, it was but 
just, and what he ought to expedl for running away, 
which he had done more than once, but never would 
again; and was very well contented now : Whereupon I 
had no more to say, but bid him mind his Business, and 
if he was abused he should come and tell me. 

Tuesday. Sergeant McKenzie, who went for England 21. 
in May last, and now returned by Capt. Nicholson lately 
to Charles-Town, came this Morning, and brought me a 
large Packet from the Trustees* Office with many Let- 



232 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

ters in it; some for this, and some for the South Part of ^J^ 
the Colony; together with a small Box for my Son from Novemb. 
his private Correspondence in the City. I had only one 
short Letter from the Trust, dated August 25; but of 
other Letters too many; the Import being the News of 
my good Friend Colonel Horsey's Death, which affedled 
me very much. In the Evening I was present at the 
Examination into a most notorious Offence committed 
by one Woodhouse, a Soldier lately come from St. Si- 
mon's upon Furlow; who the Night before, being at a 
publick House in Town, and heated with Liquor, in a 
mixt Company, talking of the Apprehensions he was in 
of great Want of Provisions shortly, he used vile, op- 
probrious and dangerous Words against the General, and 
the whole Colony; which being proved upon Oath, he 
was committed to safe Custody till to-morrow, when it 
was intended to send him to the Regiment. 

Wednesday. The ordinary Time being come about 23. 
for the Court to sit, it was opened this Day in the usual 
Form; when Mr. Parker took his Seat as first Bailiff, and 
Mr. Gilbert next him upon the Bench. No Matters of 
extraordinary Concern came before them, only petty Ac- 
tions for Debt, &c. which were tried by Jury, as always; 
and such Matters as appeared litigous, as far as the Par- 
ties could be persuaded to refer them to Arbitration, were 
so dispatched; thereby to discountenance all little Spite 
and Malice, the frequent Concomitants of Poverty. 

Thursday. Capt. Thompson, who went a little While ». 
since for Frederica in his Boat, to know what the Gene- 
ral's Pleasure was, concerning the Remainder of those 
foreign Servants yet on board of him, returned this 
Morning thence, and brought me a Packet from the 
General, to be forwarded to Colonel Bull the first Oppor- 
tunity; and a Letter to me with Orders to publish, that 
the Court of Claims, which before had been appointed to 
be holden here on the first of December, was now to be 



^ 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 233 

put o£E, by Reason of the General's not being at Liberty i^ 
to attend it sooner, to the 14th of the same Month; ^^^^l"^- 
which Notice I took Care to see published immediately. 
In the Afternoon I sent the Packet of Letters by Samuel 
Lacy's Pettyagua, to the South, which I had received 
from Sergeant McKenzie on Tuesday last. The Court 
of Savannah, which sat again this Day, after doing what 
was needful adjourned to the 15th proximo. 

Friday. Nothing but exclaiming daily against one 2*. 
another, betwixt Mess. Causton and Jones: which, as I 
had nothing to do with, I was quite tired with hearing: 
But as I thought with myself often, that all Persons on 
their Trial for Offences of any Kind, were intitled to a 
temperate and candid Hearing, whilst they made their 
Defence; so I wished Mr. Jones were more inclined to 
observe it, especially since he had such Powers, as he 
said he had to make himself feared. 

Saturday. Young Houston the Clerk in the Stores, 25. 
who went off for Carolina some Time since (as before 
said) with Ewen, meeting with Mr. Horton, who told 
him of the Warrant that was against him from Mr. 
Jones {vide 14th Instant) Houston told him, that he need 
not to give himself that Trouble, for he would instantly 
return of his own Accord, and would have done so 
sooner, had he known it was expedled; but as Mr. Jones 
refused to give him Provision whilst with him, he thought 
it was Time for him to seek his Bread where he could 
find it, and had now got into a good Service: However, 
he came voluntarily this Morning; but Mr. Jones now 
obliged him to find Surety for his Continuance here some 
Time, in the same Manner as Ewen had done, resolving 
not to trust them again; though Mr. Horton had wrote 
in the young Man's Favour, and he had a certificate of 
upwards of 20 /. owing to him from the Stores. 

Sunday. Mr. Norris did the Duty of the Day as usual, ae. 



234 COLONIAL BECOBDS. 

made a good Discourse on mutual Love and Benevolence, i][^ 
and administered the Sacrament. Novjmb. 

Monday. Received a Letter from Mr. John Miller of 27. 
Augusta, by a trading Boat that came from those Parts; 
signifying, that two of their Inhabitants were lately dead, 
leaving four small Children behind them; wherefore he 
and Mr. Richard Kent had taken an Inventory of their 
EfiEedls (Copy whereof he also sent me) and whereas he 
was the greatest Creditor, he desired Letters of Admin- 
istration might be granted to him, to take Care of the 
Effedls, and secure some Part of his Debt, &c. wherein 
he desired Advice. Mr. Christie having in pursuance of 
the Trustees Orders been supplied with two Servants, 
from among those imported by Captain Thompson; he 
had the additional Favour also from the General to get 
out of the same Ship, a whole Family, viz. a Man and 
his Wife, and four or five Children, some of which were 
capable of Work, whom he took on the same Footing 
with others; and being so well provided, I heard that he 
had sold and assigned over the two single Men to Mr. 
Pat Graham, a Surgeon of this Town and a Planter, for 
a certain Sum paid him in ready Money; which I thought 
was an artful Contrivance of making a Penny (as he had 
many others) but how well it would be approved of, I 
doubted. 

Tuesday. Mr. Bradley returned again to Town from » 
Carolina, where his Business was best known to himself, 
and he appeared well pleased. Having now waited ever 
since Thursday last, for sending off the General's Packet, 
which I had received from Captain Thompson, and pre- 
pared my own to send with it the same Day to Charles- 
Town, diredling it to the Attorney-GeneraPs Care to for- 
ward it to England: But foreseeing no Likelihood of any 
certain Occasion that would offer; and not knowing what 
ill Consequence might attend such Delays, I thought it 
necessary to hire a Boat for that Service, to go off early 



COLONIAL BECOBDS. 235 



1788. 



to*morrow Morning, with Letters to Commissary Dart 
and the Attorney-General. 

Wednesday. Sent away the Boat betimes with those ». 
two Packets and Letters. Afterwards I received Letters 
from Mr. Kent, Lieutenant at Augusta, by the Arrival of 
their large Boat, acquainting me with divers Particulars 
there, and that he had sent their Boat in obedience to 
the General's Commands signified to him some Time 
since. Then, finding a little Leisure, I walked to the 
forty-five Acre Lot three Miles off, to inspedl what was 
needful, and how the few Hands employed themselves 
which I had there; which were few indeed; for I had no 
less than four at this Time sick and weak in Town, where 
I had for a while past been forced to hire a Hut for the 
Reception of such Invalids, in the Nature of a Hospital, 
which might the better conduce to their Recovery, being 
near me, to see that they wanted not what was proper. 

Thursday. This being the Festival of St. Andrew, w. 
which the Scotch always celebrate in the best Manner 
they can; and was annually taken Notice of here, as a 
Compliment due to that Nation: Upon my going out 
towards Noon, I observed there was no Flag hoisted at 
the Guard, nor any Preparations to fire any Guns, as cus- 
tomary; Mr. Causton now not concerning himself in 
such Affairs, the other Magistrates either forgetting or neg- 
leiSling it, and Mr. Jones unacquainted with it; wherefore 
upon my telling him what had been usual, he ordered 
some damaged Powder (fit for all such Occasions) to be 
delivered for the present Purpose; and I ordered the Flag 
to be displayed: Whereupon the Scotch of best Dis- 
tinction all assembled at a Tavern, where several others 
joined them, who thought it would be kindly taken, 
towards Evening; when eleven Guns were fired, several 
publick Healths were drank, and all was well; which I 
was glad to see, thinking it would produce no Good if 



i 



236 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

such a Body of People received an Opinion, that they 
were thought not worth regarding. 



1788. 
Moremb. 



Friday. William Francis the Messenger, who went Dewmfc. 
by Land to the South on the 1 7th past, and by whom I 
then sent two Packets that came from Charles-Town to 
the General, now returned, and brought divers Letters 
and Packets with him from the South, with one to me 
from the General, requiring me to forward those Packets 
for England with all Speed: and by great good Luck, a 
Pettyagua was now lying at our Bluff, which had newly 
brought a large Parcel of Goods sent from the Trust by 
Captain Nicholson, and consigned to the Care of Mes- 
sieurs Crockatt and Seaman at Charles-Town; which 
Goods being delivered, and the Pettyagua ready to re- 
turn home, I put these Dispatches on Board, after mak- 
ing them all up in one Parcel, which I delivered to the 

Care of Martin the Patroon, who promised me a 

safe Conveyance to the Attorney-General; to whom also 
I wrote a Letter with it, &c. conceiving it might be 
timely enough, to go in Company with what I had before 
sent on the 29th ult. N. B. The Letter I now received 
from the General was dated November 22. 

Saturday. Mr. Bradley called on me, and took Oc- s. 
casion to express great Uneasiness that he was under, on 
Account of the Boat not being yet returned, wherein he 
and Mr. Amory went to Carolina; the Case being thus: 

After he had done what he went about, and taken 

Leave of Amory, in order to return home again, he 
came as far as Pon-Pon in the same Boat, where quitting 
her, he chose for some Reason, best known to himself, 
to take Horse, and travel by Land to Purysburgh, and 
thence to Savannah; which he did, expeiSling the Boat 
which he had left, and which he ordered to make the 
best of her Way, would have arrived before him: But 
ten Days were now passed since they parted, and no 
News of them; so that it was to be feared they 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 23T 

were either lost, or run away; and no Wonder if it J^ 
proved so, the four Hands that were in the Boat being ^°^^ 
loose, idle young Fellows, and hardly fit to be trusted 
any where: Nevertheless he owned he had left Letters, 
which were from the Lieutenant Governor Bull to the 
General, and committed them to th^ir Care, fearing (as 
he said) lest they might take Wet and damage with him, 
in case he should be obliged to swim his Horse by the 
Way: at which he was much concerned; and yet more, 
for that he had bought among those Settlements, three 
Shotes, two Sows great with Young, two or three Sheep, 
with Fowls also and Turkeys, as a Store of Provisions 
for himself; all which was likewise to have come with 
the Boat. I thought indeed with him, that it would be 
a great Disaster if all these Things were lost; but at the 
same Time could not but refle<5l upon some of those sad 
Complaints he had frequently made, of the great Want 
he was in of every Thing, and of Money to purchase 
any Necessaries for Food or Cloathing; when such a 
Cargo, if it came safe, was more than any the best Man 
in Town I knew could pretend to compare with. Before 
he left me, I took the Freedom to ask him how Mr. Jones 
and he went on with his Accounts; and the Answer he 
gave me was surprising, viz. that he was ready to go 
upon them whenever Mr. Jones pleased, but that he had 
often asked him, and Mr. Jones still put it off. Upon 
my seeing Mr. Jones the latter Part of the Day, I ac- 
quainted him with it, who appeared to be much dis- 
pleased at it, and retorted the Blame back from whence 
it came. Fearing to be out of my Depth, I stopt here 
and said no more. 

Sunday. The Duty of the Day was performed by 8. 
Mr. Norris, with great Contentment to his Congregation, 
who had visited the neighbouring Villages of Hampstead 
and Highgate one Day in the Week for the same Pur- 
pose, and intended to set apart frequent Occasions for 
repeating it. 



238 COLONIAL BECOBDS. 

Monday. This was a Day produ<5live of so many va- v-w 
rious Occurrences f that I could not let some of the most 4. 
material pass unobserved, though not being under my 
immediate Cognizance, I could yet attain no farther Cer- 
tainty of, than common Fame; but as it was generally 
talked and believed, I feared there was too much Truth 
in great Part of it. The Occasion of Mr. Bradley's late 
Expedition appeared to be principally in Order to get a 
Grant for Lands in that Province; wherein it is said he 
succeeded so far as to get a Family Grant, which being 
numerous in Children and Servants, at fifty Acres per 
Head, came to thirteen hundred Acres: And this was 
supposed to be the Occasion of his coming back over 
Land by the Way of Purysburgh, in which Township his 
Grant was said to be. Mr. Amory who went with him 
was also said to have obtained a Grant of five hundred 
Acres for his Family; but that the Reason of his not re- 
turning with Mr. Bradley was, because Mr. Johnson, the 
late Governor's Son, being a Passenger with him from 
England this Time Twelvemonth, and discovering him to 
be a Person of some Qualifications desirable, now meet- 
ing him in Carolina, persuaded him to stay, and be Stew- 
ard and Supervisor of his Estate in that Country, which 
was pretty considerable; for that he himself was purpos- 
ing to go for England, and would leave it to his Care 
and Management, on certain Terms being very advanta- 
geous. He was at a little Loss at present for Maintenance 
of his Family, and hoped he should be favoured with a 
few Months Credit out of the Stores, which he would re- 
pay pundlually the Value of in such Species as his Plan- 
tation afforded, or otherwise: This, unhappily, in the 
Circumstances that Matters stood with us at present, 
could not be complied with; whereupon he took that 
Resolution of seeking for Support where he did: And 
where the Arms of those People are always open to re- 
ceive such as leave this Colony, be the Cause what it will; 
for even our runaway Servants too often find it such an 
Asylum, as their Masters cannot easily recover them 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 239 

from. What we heard reported of the Settlement at ^^ 
Darien, was of still greater Consequence much, if true; ^®®«°^^- 
where, it was said, an universal Defection appeared among 
them all on a sudden, and very unexpedledly, as they had 
hitherto shewn no Marks of Discontent, living quiet, and 
in all Appearance very intent upon cultivating their 
Land: But that now they discovered at once, what un- 
doubtedly they had been smothering some Time past; 
and had sent a Deputation from among them, in the 
Name of one and all, to wait on the General at St. Si- 
mon's, and lay their Grievances before him, and obtain a 
satisfactory Answer, with a certain Assurance, that they 
should have immediate Remedy for their Complaints; or 
else they were determined to break up, and seek a Settle- 
ment elsewhere. What Hardships they were which they 
sought Relief for, it is hardly fit in Prudence to name,with- 
out good Authority; but the same common Report told 
us, that the Tenure which they held their Land by was 
uppermost; that the Poverty of the Soil discouraged them 
from expedling to raise future Crops from it, as they had 
experienced, by having so much less grown this last 
Year, than they had Reason to look for, after so much 
Labour: That in case of any future Dearth or Want, 
they had no Market to go to, nor any Credit to support 
them, &c. wherefore to prevent that Evil, they proposed, 
that a publick Store should be set up, which they might 
resort to, and be supplied with what they wanted; for 
which they should be allowed to make Payment in Lum- 
ber sawn, or in Shingles, Pipe-Staves, and the like (which 
if true, would unquestionably put an End to all Planting 
at once) with Abundance more, which I rather wave than 
give too easy Credit to, knowing it must appear soon, 
how much or little Truth there is in what at present is so 
much talked of. 

Tuesday. The same Subjedl of Discourse, which Yes- 5. 
terday was whispered about, now became the publick and 
common Talk of every Body; which nevertheless found 



240 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

more or less Credit, in Proportion to the good or ill Dis- ,i^ 
position of such as heard it: For through Prejudice ^^°^^^ 
among too many, Truth was not always easy to come at: 
From what I had observed however for awhile past, it 
was sufficiently apparent to me, that under the same Ca- 
lamity, which bore very hard upon several Families , 
hitherto unblameable, uncommon Pains were taken by 
some whose Talent lay that Way, to aggravate their 
Misfortunes, and possess them with a Belief never to ex- 
pe6l to see better Things in Georgia, till they could make 
it worth their Pains and Expence to go on in cultivating 
Lands, for which End some Expedient ought to be found 
(as they alledged) or the Colony would be deserted in a 
short Time. The chief Propagators of such Talk were at 
this Time (I knew from one of the principal Men among 
them, whom I had enquired of upon a Jealousy I had 
conceived of it, and he freely owned that they were) 
forming a Representation of divers Grievances, which 
they resolved to send to the Trustees; wherein among 
other Things, they should clearly demonstrate, that no 
Person could carry on any Improvement of Land here 
upon the Footing we now were, without certain Loss; and 
the greater Labour and Cost he was at, the more certain 
was his Ruin. I then asked the same Person, whether or 
not they would proceed to do that, without first applying 
to General Oglethorpe, who was now in the Country; and 
was answered, that they intended to acquaint him with it. 
From all these Circumstances, I was fully persuaded in 
myself to believe, that the whole Affair was concerted 
among them, and that if it proved true, that Darien led 
up the Dance, there were not wanting others elsewhere, 
who were ready to fall in with them. At the same Time 
such Encouragement is given, and even Invitation by our 
good Neighbours of Carolina to all who appear uneasy 
here, that it is to be feared too many may be tempted 
to make Experiment what better Fare they may find in 
that Province: Such at present was the dark Appearance 
of Affairs among us, whilst the General continued in the 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 241^ 

South; but being expeiSled among us again soon, it was itss. 
much wished that his Presence might have such Influence, i>e^niix. 
as to reduce People to a better Way of thinking. 

Wednesday. Mr. Bradley's Boat, which was suspedl- «. 
ed to be lost, returned this Morning after the Hands that 
were in her had wearied themselves with rambling, em- 
bezzled some of his Provisions, and one of them thought: 
fit to quit the Boat, and stay in Carolina. Mr. Amory 
also came to his Family by another Conveyance of a 
Pettyagua bound this Way: Upon my enquiring of hinu 
what News, &c. he told me he had got a Warrant to run out 
fivehundred Acres (as we had heard) and that he was about 
engaging in another A£fair, but whether it was with Mr.. 
Johnson or not, he did not resolve me. He now again 
told, that he liked very well to be where he was in Geor- 
gia, if he could by any Means have lived in the Colony,, 
but Necessity drove him from us. Received a Letter, 
by a trading Boat that came down the River, from Mr- 
Willy, who is stationed at a small Fort in the Upper 
Creek Nation, in the Character of a Lieutenant, with 
two or three Men under him to observe the Motions of 
the Indians, and to give Intelligence, &c. The Letter 
was very long, and filled with many Circumstances; but 
the principal Matter to be noted was, that he had Infor- 
mation a while since of a Design among some of the 
neighbouring Towns, to cut o£f all the white People who 
lived among them; but upon his Enquiry into the Grounds 
of such Information, he found very little: What he chiefly 
learnt was, that the French, who lived at their Backs,, 
frequently put about such Reports, in order to terrify 
our Traders, and drive them o£f, that so they might take 
their Places; but that the Dog King, who is on their 
Frontier, bid him be easy; for that they never would 
take Part with the French, but would always be true ta 
us, whom they would die with. As soon as the General 
returned to us, which we looked for daily, I would not 
negleA to lay the Letter before him. 

16 r-T 4 



242 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Thursday. Nothing fell within the Reach of my Ob- i^ 
servation this Day worth Note, only that Mr. Provost, !>•<>•«*>. 
who was a Freeholder, and kept a Store-house, traded 
with New- York, and had been gone thither several 
Months ago, now was returned hither loaden; but finding 
how Matters stood, he stopt at Cockspur, and was de- 
terniining to go on thence to St. Simon's, as the most 
likely Place where he might dispose of his Cargo: for 
neither Money nor Credit were riow current at Savannah. 

Friday. The Boat that I sent with those Dispatches a, 
to Charles-Town the 29th ult returned this Day, and 
brought me a Letter from Mr. John Dart, Commissary 
there, signifying that he had sent a Packet for Colonel 
Bull immediately, by a Messenger to him at his House 
in the Country: And as for the other Packet, which I 
had diredled to the Care of the Attorney-General, the 
Person whom I sent it by (Francis Brooks, a Freeholder 
in Savannah) told me, the Attorney-General being out of 
Town also, he had left that Packet with his Servant at 
his House, in order to be sent by the next Ship for 
England. Thus it was, when I sent my Packet of Sep- 
tember 29, which whether it was gone for England yet 
or not, I had no Advice of. 

Saturday. Walking towards the Water-Side, I ob- 9. 
served a pretty many of our principal Scotchmen as- 
sembled in my Way thither, with Mr. Robert Williams 
among them, who upon my drawing near, came out with 
Dr. Tailfer, and accosted me with an open, frank Air, 
telling me they had just been putting a finishing Stroke 
to a Representation, which they were sending to the 
Trustees, setting forth the general Grievance of the Col- 
ony, with relation to the Titles of Land, and the Dis- 
couragement they laboured under in cultivating Land 
with white Servants only, without Negroes; which had 
well nigh ruined some Settlers here, and must effedl- 
ually divers more, unless proper Relief were given them; 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 243 

in Matters of Trade likewise, they had shewn at how ^itm^ 
great Disadvantage they carried any on, in comparison i>e<jm^. 
with the other Provinces subjedl to the Crown of Great 
Britain in America, &c. &c. &c. As it was no Secret 
(they said) they desired me to go with them to read it, 
which I did at Mr. Williams's House, where I found a 
young Clerk of his, making a fair Copy of it, in order to 
have it signed by such as liked it; after which (but not 
till then) they would shew it to the General; and upon 
my asking them when it was to be sent for England, Mr. 
Williams told me he was going soon thither himself, and 
would present it with his own Hand. All I said to it ^ 

was, that it appeared to me a very great Enterprize, to 
attempt an absolute new Form of Establishment in the 
Colony, which I apprehended was not easy to be done; 
and as it was an Affair of so great Moment, I did not 
suppose any Concurrence of mine was expedled in it, 
especially as I was a Servant to the Trust, and had for- 
merly wrote their Sentiments of these Things at their 
own Request to the Trustees, from whom I had received 
a plain Answer^ which I had then shewn them. 

Sunday. Mr. Norris went on in doing his Duty as be- lo. 
came a good Minister, and the Church was well filled. 

Monday. The Representation which was carrying on, n. 
with Intent to be laid before the Trustees, was now the 
common Talk of the Town; and the surprizing Concur- 
rence it met with from almost every Body, shewed plainly 
the Contents of it were what they had at Heart, though 
they had hitherto refrained from making such open Com- 
plaint: No less than seventy (as I was informed) had al- 
ready signed it; and that without being asked, only as it 
was left open, at the House where it was wrote fair, viz. 
Mr. Williams's; all who came voluntarily might sign it, 
if they liked it, or let it alone, if they pleased; so that it 
ran like Wild-fire, and seemed almost universal: All At- 
tempts of reasoning upon it were either turned into Ridi- 



244 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 



cule, by those who were most warm; or received by the i7« 
most sober in such a Manner as to give a plain Indication, docmidk. 
that they were quite weary and out of heart in planting, 
at the Rate they had done for Years past; which had 
sufficiently demonstrated the Inability they were under, 
of supporting themselves and Families by cultivating 
Land on the Footing they had gone: So far were they 
from thinking the General would be offended at it, who 
was expedled in Town before the 14th (the Day appointed 
for holding a Court of Claims) that some of them offered 
to lay a Wager with me, he would approve of it, and 
promote it: With such a Spirit was this Affair carried 
on, and such Confidence of Success, as perfeAly amazed 
me: But the Consequence I feared. In the Evening I 
took Occasion to go and sit an Hour or two with some, 
who were well known to be the first Promoters of this 
Work, at a publick House, where there seldom failed to 
be a pretty full Meeting most Nights, and the Room be- 
ing common, the Company was generally mixt, which 
made Conversation the less agreeable; wherefore I seldom 
frequented it, only sometimes a little out of Curiosity: 
And now I found them pretty much elated (as I expe<Sled) 
at the Readiness of so many to join with them in what 
they were doing: They were since the Morning advanced 
from the Number they then said they were to near 
ninety; and the People at Highgate had all signed it as 
soon as it was brought to them, and read in their Lan- 
guage. They were of various Opinions (I found) in what 
Manner to lay it before the General when he came,, 
whether it would best be done by the whole collected 
Number, or by two or three deputed by the rest; and. 
whether it would be proper to present it to him at his 
House, or rather in open Court, when he sat there: This 
Point I did not stay long enough to see determined, 
among them, but took my Leave, and returned home;, 
where I could not avoid amusing on another Occurrence, 
which I had not Penetration enough to discover the 
Meaning of, viz. Mess. Brownfield and Habersham walk- 



0\ 
& 

aftc] 

•Sif'aio 

SteiK5 

with ( 

b/ Mr 

Loadinj 

partly V, 
*eard 



the. 



^"-plained 
^^ o» the 



»«« 



<*■> th, 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 245 

•ing over to visit Mr. Causton at Ockstead on Saturday } J^ 
last, continued there all that Day, Sunday, and till this D^gmb. 
Evening, when they returned, as Mr. Causton also did: 
So long Time spent together seemed to import some- 
what more than a bare Visit; and the rather, because there 
had been a long continued Variance betwixt them; and 
rsuch a Conjunction now at this Season, when Matters of 
the greatest Importance were in Agitation, gave Room 
to imagine that they did not sit all the while idle, with- 
out consulting each other thereupon; the Result of which 
might possibly come to Light hereafter. 

Tuesday. Nothing to be taken Notice of Abroad but 12. 
a general Buzzing at the Corners of the Streets about 
what they had been doing; and forming such Events from 
4t in their own Imaginations, as they conceived would 
follow. As I had no Share in their Councils, I chose to 
retire, and leave them to themselves, whilst I minded my 
own Business, waiting with some Impatience now for the 
General's Arrival. 

Wednesday. This Day arrived o£f Tybee, and soon !•• 
after came and anchored at Cockspur, a Ship from St. 
Simon's, of about two hundred Tuns Burden, Captain 
Steward, which was one of the Transports that came 
with General Oglethorpe, &c. and being now freighted 
by Mr, Williams, was come hither in order to take a 
Loading of Lumber, to go to the Leeward Islands with 
it; which Mr. Williams had been some Time preparing, 
partly with his own Servants, and partly some that he 
got from others, who had made a little Attempt that 
Way, in splitting out Pipe and Hogshead-Staves; but I 
heard they complained of his beating down the Price, 
and undervaluing their Labour; and he on the other Side 
complained, that what he got here cost him above twenty 
per Cent, more than the same Goods could be procured 
for on the other Side of the Water; and from thence 
-went on the common Topick of the great Difference 



246 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

there was, in Point of Labour, betwixt the two Provinces; n» 
whereby our Neighbours must always have the Ad- i>eojinbi 
vantage of us: How far that might prove true by Expe- 
rience, I thought a little more Time would fully unfold; 
but at present I could not be altogether so credulous as 
to believe Mr. Williams, who had been wholly bred to 
Trade, would carry it on to so great Disadvantage: And 
it may not be from this Occasion, improper to recur to 
what the Trustees were pleased to observe to me in their 
Letter of the 4th of August, concerning Timber con- 
verted to such Uses, and Mr. Williams's then getting 
some from Carolina to compleat the Loading of two 
Ships, which he could not wait longer for in Georgia: 
Wherein it is proper to take Notice, that at that Time 
there was a sufficient Cause for him to get it where he 
could; but since, though some few, whose Land lies most 
commodiously for that Purpose, have turned their 
Thoughts to provide some Store of that Commodity, yet 
the crafty Buyer takes the Advantage of the above Ar- 
gument (how much cheaper he can be served elsewhere) 
to depreciate what he takes here. To-morrow being the 
Day appoined to hold the Court of Claims, by the Gen- 
eral's Order, he was earnestly expedled this Evening, 
but in vain. Thomas Young the Wheelwright, acquainted 
me, that his Boy Oakes (whom by the Trustees Order I 
had examined lately) notwithstanding his acquittmg his 
Master of any ill Usage, was run away from him again; 
but did not leave him till his Master had first equipt him 
with a new Coat for Sundays. 

Thursday. By a Letter that Mr. Jones received from 14. 
the General, we were informed, that his Affairs where he 
was would not allow his coming to us, at the Time ap- 
pointed; Wherefore he ordered the Court of Claims to 
be put o£E farther to the 27th Instant; but that he hoped 
to see us soon. Indeed his Presence among us was much 
wished for now, as well on account of this Representa- 
tion so warmly carried on, as because our Stores were 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 247 

near exhausted, by Means of divers very large Quantities ^ijm^ 
that had been drawn out, by several Creditors, who had D^cemb, 
it in their Option to take Provisions instead of Money, 
if they liked so to do; wherein they adled variously, as 
they were well or ill a£fe<Sled, or as their Necessities 
obliged them to support their own Credit: And there 
being yet no Appearance how the Stores would be re- 
cruited, gave a melancholy Prospedl of what might hap- 
pen. Mr. Horton, who went among the Settlements in 
Carolina some Time since, to provide Stores of Provis- 
ions for the Troops, by the General's Order, came to 
Town to Day from Port-Royal to dispatch some little 
Affairs here, intending to return soon to the same Place, 
and finish what he had not fully perfedled. Mr. Provost, 
who attempted to sail with his Sloop to St. Simon's some 
Days since, but was confined from getting out by thick 
Fogs, now was preparing to attempt it again; by whom I 
and several others had the Opportunity of writing Let- 
ters to the South. 

Friday, Captain Davis came up to Town with his 15. 
Sloop, last from St. Augustin: He was an old Trader 
thither of many Years, with such Cargoes from Carolina 
or elsewhere, as he knew was most vendible there; and 
is said to be grown wealthy: In his Way to and fro he 
was wont commonly to stop at this Port; but to what 
Benefit either to himself or others, I had not Discern- 
ment enough to find out: He had very little aboard him 
now of much Use to these Parts, only Sugar, of which 
too he had not much, though more than he was likely to 
get Money tor among us: He told me he came purposely 
to wait on the General, and was resolved to stay till he 
came: As he was known to be a shrewd, cunning Fellow, 
I readily imagined his Affair with the General was Mat- 
ter of Intelligence, which he had to impart; wherein if 
he was honest, much Good might come of it; but as the 
General well knew him, so without Doubt he did how 
far to confide in him. What I had to remark, was a Re- 



^48 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

lation he made, that no less than nineteen Negro Slaves ^J^ 
•which he had in Carolina, run away from him lately all i>««e™^ 
at once, under that strong Temptation of the Spaniards 
making all free that fled to them from the English, 
which he said he found verified; for he saw all his said 
Negroes now at St. Augustin, who laughed at him; and 
on his applying to the Governor, he told him, that it 

•was the King of Spain's Orders. If the Negroes in 

Carolina can make their Escape to the Spaniards, not- 
withstanding the great Obstrudlions they are to meet 
with from this Province lying in their Way; Quaere, If 
the Use of such were permitted to this Colony, what 
could be expe<5led, but they would march off when they 
^pleased? 

Saturday. A very heavy Rain all Day, confined all i«. 
at home. Thomas Young's Boy the Wheelwright, who 
lately run away from his Master, together with another 
who was a Servant to the Widow Brownjohn, were both 
taken at Fort Argyle, and brought home; upon which 
the Magistrates committed them to the Log-House, to 
remain there till Monday, when some farther Course 
should be taken with them. 

Sunday. The publick Service was observed with 17. 
proper Decency, and a very instrudlive Lesson given by 
our Minister upon Faith and Repentance. 

Monday. This Morning Captain Steward brought his ig. 
Ship up to the Town, in order to take in his Loading of 
Lumber from Mr. Williams and Company: Upon letting 
go his Anchor he saluted the Fort with three Guns, and 
had his Compliment returned the same. Thomas Rob- 
erts, who was sent over as a Servant by Mr. Verelst, rec- 
ommended by Mr. Smith, and delivered to me by Ser- 
geant McKenzie upon his Arrival, being a very idle Boy, 
and exceedingly addicted to lying; upon my Son's tell- 
ing him the latter End of the Week, that he should 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 249 

reckon with him on Monday; the Boy went out of the ^i7»^ 
Way Yesterday in the Evening, and could not be found Dejemb. 
yet, though upon describing him, we learnt, that such an 
one had been seen in the Out-Parts of the Town; and 
from his being so young, and unacquainted with the Coun- 
try or People, it could hardly be imagined he could sub- 
sist, or lie concealed long, due Enquiry being made after 
him. 

Tuesday. The Weather, which had been warm to an 19. 
uncommon Degree for a while past, changing on a sud- 
den, first to a cold northerly Rain, and thence to a smart 
Frost, several People unaware were caught with Colds, 
&c. among whom I had a Taste, sufficient to shut me up 
all this Day at home, where nothing came to my Ears 
worth Notice. In the Evening Mr. Horton returned 
from Carolina, having done what he had to do; he called 
and sat an Hour with me, telling me what Haste he was 
obliged to make; for that he supposed there was a Court- 
Martial to be held this Week, to determine some Differ- 
ences and Disputes among divers of the Officers; and a 
Scout-Boat was sent hither from the South to attend him 
with the better Dispatch, in which he purposed to 
go early in the Morning; which was such an Oppor- 
tunity as I could have wished, for my writing to the 
General; as I did. No News yet of my young Run- 
away. 

Wednesday. Little to be gathered from what was to 20. 
be seen or heard Abroad: Our Politicians all quiet, as if 
brooding over their Representation yet in Embryo, to be 
brought forth at the Time appointed. Mess. Causton 
and Brownfield, so closely united of late, to the Admi- 
ration of most People, went to Ockstead together to re- 
tire from Business in Town, that they might employ their 
Thoughts with the more Freedom about such Matters 
as they judged worth. their Deliberation. Upon getting 
no Intelligence yet of my Boy, I conceived that none 



250 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

would be better qualified to hunt him out, than some of nw^ 
his 5^quals in Age; whereupon I applied myself to the D«cemb» 
School-Master, to send out a small Party in Quest of 
him; who in a few Hours found the Place where he 
lurked, and brought him home. 

Thursday. Another very heavy Rain of all the last «i- 
Night, and this whole Day's continuance; which what- 
ever Impediment it might occasion to other Affairs, was 
no Hinderance to our Celebration of the General's Birth- 
Day, as had been always accustomed hitherto, and in the 
very same Manner we did last Year, under a Discharge 
of Cannon; but in the Evening we were not in the same 
Capacity to follow that Pattern, for Reasons too appar- 
ent: Wherefore it was proposed and agreed to, by some 
of the principal Inhabitants, among whom were the 
Magistrates and Constables, to get some Supper bespoke 
at a publick House, where all that would come should 
pay their Club, and Mr. Jones (to make it the easier to 
them) was to send a little Wine, &c. Accordingly the 
Company met, to the Number of fifteen, or more, and 
were chearful awhile, behaving with good Temper and 
Decency; till at length they made the Representation the 
Topick of their Discourse, which brought on Argument 
of various Kinds; and some Warmth beginning to shew 
itself, which was not very agreeable, I and a few others 
withdrew and left them. 

Friday. In Conference with Mr. Jones, I was sur- 22. 
prised at his telling me, that after so much Time spent 
about making up Mr. Causton's Accounts, there was so 
little Progress made in it, that he could hardly say it was 
begun; so many Intricacies appeared more and more 
every Day, such Inconsistencies, many Things wrongly 
charged, abundance omitted which ought to have been 
brought to Account, and several Day-Books said to be 
lost (which he could not believe but were concealed) that 
at the Rate they went on, he defied any Man living to 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 251 

adjust it; and for his Part, he was quite tired looking n»^ 
into such Confusion, which he was confident was by Art De^mb. 
and Cunning made inextricable; insomuch that he was 
positive the Balances formerly made, were framed at 
Will, and sent to the Trustees so; for unless he (Mr. 
Causton) kept Copies of them distindlly, it was impossi- 
ble for him to make out the same from the Books now 
before him. I was sorry to hear it, but could have noth- 
ing to say in an Affair beyond my Capacity. 

Saturday. Two Sloops which lately came from New- 2a. 

York laden with Provisions, Tingley and Tucker 

Masters, for the Behoof of Mess. Minis and Provost, 
both Freeholders here; finding no Prospedl, upon their 
stopping at Tybee, to dispose of their Cargoes, sailed 
thence for St. Simon's; and now on their Return empty, 
made a short Stop again, but brought no Letters; and 
what they reported was, that all the Discourse in the 
South was concerning some Disagreement among the 
Officers of the Troops there, and that a Court-Martial 
was to be held soon, to determine those Disputes: This 
we had heard of before; and there was too much Reason 
to believe, that what with the Disorder of the civil CEcon- 
omy in those Parts, and the Disputes of the Military, 
the General had more Trouble than enough; and what 
was yet worse, I could not imagine but when he came 
here, the Representation which was formed, and signed 
by a hundred and ten Hands, would give him great Dis- 
pleasure. 



24, 



Sunday, 1 These two Days were 

Monday. Christmas Day. J observed with due Rev- 25 
erence, and Mr. Norris administered the Sacrament ac- 
cording to the Usage of the Church. 

Tuesday. This was kept as a Holiday (or rather as 26. 
an idle Day) according to the Custom of our Mother 
Country; but with us it was a Festival without any Feast- 
ing. 



^52 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Wednesday. The Court of Claims, which the General ^itm^ 
had sent Orders to publish was to be held this Day, now i>e«einb. 
was dropt till we farther knew his Pleasure; and our Ex- 
pe<5lations sadly baulked when to see him again. Whilst 
we kept a poor Christmas at Savannah, it was said there 
were other Doings at Ockstcad, where several resorted 
ijither by Invitation, or as Volunteers, such as were in 
most Esteem there: Among whom, Mr. Jones told me, 
his Man Vernon, with his Wife and two Daughters, whom 
he brought out of England, and had great Confidence in, 
made Part of the Company, and were treated in a very 
distinguishing Manner; which he (Mr. Jones) took such 
Offence at, that he had just then dismissed them his 
Service, and sent them out of the Colony, being persuaded 
in himself, that such an extraordinary Reception would 
not have been given him at Ockstead without some 
Reason; and Vernon having been entrusted with the Cus- 
tody of the Office, where Mr. Causton's Accounts were 
inspecting, with special Orders to keep a stridl and watch- 
ful Eye that no Books or Papers were carried off and 
secreted; he could not but suspedl now, that he was 
wrought on to connive at what he ought not, and that he 
was no more to be trusted. 

Thursday. Mr. Phelps, a Scotch Merchant (alias 28. 
Chapman) who at Times has been used to bring sundry 
Goods of divers Sortments from England, adapted the 
Manner of this Country; wherein he had hitherto suc- 
ceeded so well as to be encouraged to come again on the 
same Business; but now finding the Face of Affairs dif- 
ferent from what he expedled here, he had been South to 
try what Market he could make there; this Day he re- 
turned thence, by whom we hoped for some Advice; but 
he brought no Letters, nor any Intelligence, only that 
from what he heard whilst there, he believed we must 
not expedl the General with us, under a Fortnight or 
three Weeks yet to come. In the Afternoon arrived 
Captain Ellis from Philadelphia, laden with the usual 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 253- 

Kinds of Provision, wherein he had traded with this itw. 
Colony for several Years past: But knowing our now i>e^mb. 
poor Estate, he left his Sloop at Tybee, and came up 
only to get his Accounts settled between Mess. Causton 
and Jones, intending to proceed with his Cargo to St. 
Simon's. He stopt by the Way at Charles-Town, where 
the Attorney-General put into his Hands a Packet for me 
from the Trustees, which came to him the Day before by 
Captain White from England; wherewith he also wrote 
me a Letter, both which Captain Ellis gave me, and I 
found only a short Letter for myself from Mr. Verelst, 
acquainting me that the last Letter which the Trustees 
received from me was so long since dated as the 27th of 
May last, &c. which I was much concerned at. 

Friday. After often talking with Duch6 the Potter, ». 
about the great Improvements which he had proposed in 
the Manufa<5lure; which he had hitherto carried on in a 
plain Way with good Success; and therefore I had form* 
erly wrote in his Commendation: I was the more urgent 
with him now, that he would let me know what farther I 
might write, that could be depended on, especially as I 
had received Lord Egmont's Commands to put him upon- 
the Trial of making some earthen Vessels of a fine Kind,, 
agreeable to the model and Pattern which his Lordship 
had sent; whereat I found him boggle very much; and 
seeing me very importunate thereon, he brought me a 
Paper of his own Writing, setting forth many Things re- 
quisite to enable him to carry on such a Piece of Work;, 
and another Advancement of Money at the Bottom of it; 
at the same Time very scrupulous of sending any of the 
Clay to the Trust, with which he was to work it; allcdg- 
ing, that it was a peculiar Nostrum of his own, which he 
rather would hope for a Patent to appropriate to himself^ 
than divulge; I thought it was fit for me to stop, and not 
take upon me to say more than I could warrant; but 
rather lay his own Proposals before the Trustees, who* 



254 COLONIAL BECOBDS. 

best knew what was fit to do in it; and thclGcneral being ijm^ 
also here, he might have proper Recourse to him. Degmb. 

Saturday. Upon opening the Packet that I received w. 
the other Day, and taking thence such Letters then as I 
found intended for this Town, and the Northern Parts; 
I then closed it again, after separating those that were 
for the General, which I put under a distinA Cover, to- 
gether with one of my own which I wrote him this 
Morning; and direAed both Packets to him at St. Si- 
mon's, delivering them to the Care of Captain Ellis, who 
purposed to proceed thither immediately. About an 
Hour after, I received another small Packet, that was 
diredled to me and left at a publick House in our Town; 
wherein I found one Letter for the General, from Colonel 
Bull, which I had Opportunity to put under Cover in- 
stantly, and give to Captain Ellis, as I had done with 
the others; a strong easterly Wind that sprung up oblig- 
ing him to defer going off till to-morrow. In the same 
Packet was a Letter to me from the Attorney-General, 
acquainting me, that he had received the Packets I had 
sent him, which he should have Opportunity to forward 
to the Trustees in a few Days by a Ship near upon sail- 
ing; as Colonel Bull also wrote me of the Care he had 
taken of a Packet that I had sent him from the General 

the 28th of November. N. B. the Cause of my being 

so particular in this Matter was, that those Letters were 
dated December 4, had been left at Port- Royal, where 
they had lain, and now came by one Mr. Wig, a Justice 
of Peace in that Neighbourhood, who shewed what 
Regard he had to them, by leaving them at a publick 
House; when the Trustees Servant, to whom they were 
diredled might so easily have been sent for, if it were tojo 
much Condescension to call at his Door: But such Con- 
tempt of every Thing in Georgia was become common 
now with our Neighbours, and all Correspondence very 
little regarded by too many of them. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 255 

Sunday. Mr. Norris went on doing the Duty of a nw^ 
good Minister. Upon his complaining to me Yesterday, De^mb. 
that a scandalous Woman of the Town had wickedly in- 
vented and endeavoured to spread a vile Story of him, tend- 
ing to lessen his Chara<5ler in the most sacred Part of it, 
as if he was lascivious, and addiiSled to Women; I ad- 
vised him to have Recourse to the Magistrates; where I 
was present at her Examination; and it was proved fully 
by two Witnesses, that she had published a most abom- 
inable Scandal, suggesting that Mr. Norris had too much 
Familiarity with a Maid-Servant, whom he had borrowed 
of a Neighbour to clean his House; which she industri- 
ously reported in several Places, without the least Shew 
of any Foundation for, but purely did it to stir up more 
Mischief, as she saw there were not wanting a Few who 
would be ready to imbibe any Thing in Prejudice of Mr. 
Norris, though he lived ever so unblamably. Upon 
plain Convidlion of the Offence, the Magistrates ordered 
her to be whipped publickly (a Corredlion she had more 
than once tasted before for other Crimes) but Mr. Norris 
rather chose to accept of such Satisfadlion as she could 
make, by confessing hei: Fault, and asking God Forgive- 
ness, before the Congregation; which she did this Day. 

Monday, ) Began the Year with preparing Papers, ^^j^ 
Tuesday. ) and writing Letters to the Trustees and Janu**^ 

my Friends in England; wherein I was mostly busied 2. 

these two Days; but when I should get an Opportunity 

of sending my Packet to Charles-Town, I yet saw no 

Prospect. 

Wednesday. An unhappy Accident happened by a 8. 
Sailor's falling over-board from Captain Steward's Ship, 
as they were loading her with Lumber; who was carried by 
the Stream under a Raft of Timber which lay along Side 
of the Ship, that prevented his rising again, whereby he 
was drowned. Mr. Causton, who had long since quitted 
his former House in Town, and kept his Family wholly at 



256 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Ockstead, now thought fit to rent another here, which was i'». 
fitting up to receive them again as he saw Occasion; January 
which, considering the late Resort of divers People to 
him, gave Rise to various Conjectures, as if he was grow- 
ing popular, and put himself in the Way of caballing; 
which some People thought would have been more Wis- 
dom in him at this Time to have avoided. 

Thursday. What was most remarkable among us at *• 
present was the Weather; such a severe Frost happening 
two Nights following, as no one here living eversaw the like: 
Standing Water in several Places covered with Ice near 
two Inches thick, Chamber-Pots frozen under the Bed, 
and Ink in the Standish, where a Fire had been all Day; 
which gave us Apprehension that all tender Vegetables 
would suffer Damage. Nothing else passed more than 
common. 

Friday. Much Talk about Town of an anonymous 5. 
Letter said to be found in the Street, supposed to be 
dropped with Design, and dire<5ted to the General; full 
of such Politicks as were now in Fashion among us: But 
I could not readily find a Way to come at a Sight of it, 
nor to know in whose Hands it was got. Scarcity of Pro- 
visions growing more and more every Day among the 
People, it began to be strongly suspeAed from divers 
Circumstances, that some were about laying in a Store 
for themselves, by killing Cattle in the Woods; and 
whereas it had been observed, that some of our Ger- 
mans, living in Huts in the Out-Parts of the Town, fre- 
quently had been seen at unseasonable Times in the 
Night sitting around the Fire far out in the Woods, with 
Guns lying by them; for which no good Reason could 
be given (for it was not a Time to look for Game, whether 
Venison or Fowls;) I talked with the Magistrates there- 
upon, and recommended it to them, that some Order 
should be made in Court, which was to sit in a few Days, 
to prevent such Mischief as might happen through 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 25T 

Servants and idle People having too free a use of Guns. J^ 
Weather grown more temperate. January 

Saturday. Having a strong Inclination to get a Sight «. 
of this anonymous Letter (if possible) which was so much 
talked of ; I thought the likeliest Place to come at any 
Knowledge about it, would be among our Gentry at the 
Nightly Club; to which therefore my Curiosity led me; 
and as I was apprehensive, that from my seldom coming 
among them, they might have a Jealousy that I had some 
private View in hand; I told them I came to make an 
End of Christmas this Twelve-Tide; when I found some di- 
verting themselves with Cards, and some at Backgammon « 
I had not sat long, before I was made sensible, that one 
who had the Custody of the Letter, was as ready to 
shew it me, as I was to see it: Wherefore calling me aside 
into another Room in Privacy, he pulled it out of his 
Pocket, told me what he had got, and asked me to hear 
him read it; which he did: It was very long, and filled 
two or three Sheets of Paper in a loose Hand: The Stile 
was copious and flowing, attempting a sort of Panegyrick 
on the General, for the many great Things he had done^ 
and the indefatigable Pains he had taken in establish^ 
ingthis Colony: This took up the first Part of it. From 
thence he proceeded to set forth, that as it was scarcely 
to be expedled within the Reach of human Wisdom, any 
great Work of such a Kind could be formed perfedl at 
first, but it was Experience only that must be the Test„ 
whether or not any Amendment was wanting; he there- 
fore asserted, that no Founders of Colonies in old Times 
were ever ashamed to redlify what they found themselves 
mistaken in: And since it was very evident now, that the 
Plan in which the Colony was formed, was defective in 
many Instances (whereupon he expatiated very much) it 
would redound to the General's Honour, that he himself 
should be the first that attempted to make it better: 
After much Haranguing on that Part, and a great deal 
of Tautology in setting forth the Miserable Disappoint- 

17 o r— TOl 4 



J 



458 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

ment of the Landholders here; he concludes with telling iwt- 
him, that forasmuch as there were too many Examples of J^naair 
Men, who by cultivating Land on the present Terms, had 
so expended what little Substance they had, that they 
were equally incapable of either going or staying; it 
would be no more than Justice due to them> in case there 
was no Relief here to be found, that the Trustees should 
be at the Expence of sending them to Britain and set- 
ti ng them down at the Place from whence they came. 
These, as far as I can remember, were the principal Parts 
of it; and it was very easy from many Circumstances to 
discover, that he who read it was the Author (viz. Mr. 
H ugh Anderson.) Upon my asking him, in what Man- 
n er it was meant that it should come to the General's 
Hands, he readily told me, he believed it would easily be 
CO ntrived to fall in Mr. Jones's Way, and to be sure he 
would see it safe delivered. After spending the Even- 
ing there, I took my Leave, and returned home. 

Sunday. The Service of the Church was regularly 7. 
p erformed by Mr. Norris, with good instrudlivje Dis- 
course after it in pra<5lical Divinity. The great Resort of 
P eople this Day to Ockstead, was so very remarkable, 
th at it was the common Talk of the Town, eight or nine 
di ning there, who hitherto were Strangers to that Place, 
and till very lately in avowed Enmity with Mr. Causton; 
particularly among others Mess. Robert and James Wil- 
liamSy Dr. Tailfer, and such as had lately appeared most 
a dlive in complaining of Grievances. This was judged 
ill Policy by most People, as Matters stood. 

Monday. The Court sat again, according to the s. 
stated Time in course. The Grand Jury when sworn, 
began to shew a Disposition of nibbling at their 
o Id Pretensions to administer Oaths, and to examine 
t hereon, to such Purposes as they thought fit; but upon 
a ppealing to what Opinion the Trustees were of, in their 
L etter to me by their Secretary Mr. Marty n; and my 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 259 

shewing it to them (as I had formerly done) they acqui- i789. 
esced, and coolly proceeded to the proper Business before January 
them; when they found two Bills of Indidlment for Fel- 
ony, against two Persons in Prison at that Time, for being 
charged with those Crimes: But as to the Bill against the 
two Soldiers, which were sent thither in Custody by 
Order from the General; one for offering his Wife for 
Sale, and the other for offering to buy her; they said 
they did not think the Evidence that was laid before them, 
was sufficient to ground an Indidlment upon, tho' for a 
Misdemeanor only; wherefore they returned it Igno- 
ramus. 

Tuesday. The Court proceeded to try the two Felons: 9. 
The first was a Sailor, for stealing out of a Chest on board 
the Vessel he belonged to, a hundred Ounces of Spanish 
Silver; The Fa<Sl was fully proved, and good Part of the 
Silver found upon him; which being regained, the Jury 
were so merciful as to find him guilty to the Value of ten 
Pence: The other was a Servant brought out from Scot- 
land last Year by one Mr. Brodie, at present in a very 
weak, sickly State in Town, at a House where poor, help- 
less People were commonly sent to be taken Care of, and 
a Woman appointed to live there, to be helpful; this 
Woman had (to the Admiration of every Body when 
known) saved no less than seventeen Guineas, from the 
Time of her first coming into the Colony; which she kept 
by her, sewed up in a Waistcoat, made to be worn in the 
Form of Stays, as the Usage of the common People is in 
the Country from whence she came, she being a For- 
eigner; and she had two Daughters, one of which was 
lately married. Upon the Trial it appeared, that the two 
Sisters had each of them an Eye for a while Past, on what 
their Mother had got; and upon the old Woman's now 
missing her Stays and Money, which she had unwarily 
left out of her Chest, and was taken away; they appre- 
hended this poor Fellow, who was charged with it upon 
Suspicion, because he was observed to rise in the Night 



260 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

and go out: To which he pleaded, that it was Necessity i7»^ 
forced him as he was under a Flux: It was proved at the Janu»rj 
same Time, that the Son-in-Law and his new Wife went 
directly, when they made Search, to the very Place where 
the Waistcoat was buried, which was within a newly en- 
closed Lot, about a hundred Yards from where they 
lived, and Half a Foot under Ground; whereupon being 
asked what could induce them to go so readily and search 
for it there; they said, they had seen the Fellow come 
from thence not many Hours before: But on the other 
Side it was observed, that it was not probable any one 
should go to the Spot where it was, and open it, but such 
as knew where to find it. Upon the Whole, the Jury 
were of Opinion there was some Juggle in it, and the 
Prisoner was at best but a poor, half-witted Fellow; 
wherefore they acquitted him. 

Wednesday. Bailiff Parker being much indisposed, lo. 
and Bailiff Guilbert distrusting his own Ability, which 
made him unwilling to set alone on the Bench only for 
shew, whilst the Recorder at the Table must take all on 
himself; it was thought best to adjourn the Court till to- 
morrow. Mr. Jones (in Conference with him) acquainted 
me, that he now began to think he should very soon 
make such Discoveries of Fraud in Mr. Causton*s Ac- 
counts, as would sufficiently convidl him of great Guilt, 
though he believed it impossible to trace him to the Bot- 
tom of so long and intricate a Work as was before him. 

Thursday. The Court was farther adjourned to Mon- ii. 
day next, for the same Reason as before. After so many 
Days waiting for an Opportunity of sending away my 
Letters of the 2d Instant to the Trust, at last I met with 
one by Chance, which was by one Mr. Campbell, a 
Keeper of Stores at New-Windsor, who stopped here 
with his Boat in his Way to Charles-Town; and finding 
that he had the Character of a careful, honest Man, I 
committed my Packet to his Care, to be delivered to the 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 261 

Attorney-General, together with a Letter to him from mt^ 
me, requesting him to send it by the first Ship. Mr. January 
Jones now in close Pursuit of what he told me Yester- 
day, gave me broad Hints, that he believed in another 
Day or two, he should come to the full Knowledge of 
some few of Mr. Causton's Practices enough to astonish 
me. 

Friday. Thomas Roberts (the Boy lately sent me) 12. 
proved so egregious a Rogue, that now I despaired of 
ever seeing any good of him; running away and skulking 
about in Holes, was his frequent Pradlice, without any 
Provocation: The Work required of him was easy, and 
he wanted no Food or Cloathing: But he was naturally 
so wicked, lying and thieving, that no Correction would 
mend; so that I was not safe in my House, for he was an 
accomplished Thief, and confessed he had been in the 
Hands of publick Justice in London: Wherefore being 
quite tired with his Villany, I desired the Magistrates, 
upon my Complaint, to send him to the Log-house, and 
confine him there a little while, till it might be consid- 
ered, what farther Measures to take; which was done. 
Mr. Jones in the Evening gave me to understand, that 
what he meant Yesterday about Mr. Causton's late 
Pra<ftices, was become so incontestable that he should 
make no Secret of it; and it was no less than fraudulent 
Certificates signed, and sent by him to the Trustees for 
Payment, when the Things to be paid for, were never 
sent to the publick Stores, but bought for his own Use; 
and this in large Sums with divers People; which indeed 
very much surprised me, as he said it would; but it added 
to my Wishes that all such Villany might be detedled. 
Whilst we were conversing on these Things, Mr. Bradley 
came to us, complaining of his Want of Provisions for 
his Men, and demanding a Supply; to which Mr. Jones 
answered, that the General, when he went hence, left no 
Orders with him about it, nor was his Name in the Estab- 
lishment he had given him; wherefore he could do noth- 



262 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

ing in it without Mr. Parker or I would authorize him so its©. 
to do (as we had once or twice recommended it to him, Jftn«»"T 
apprehending it to be a Case of Necessity, and suppos- 
ing it might be an Oversight of the General's;) wherefore 
I said to Mr. Jones, that I was of Opinion he might let 
him have some sparingly, from Week to Week only, till 
the General's Pleasure was farther known. Mr. Jones 
then replied, that Beef was in no wise to be had, for that 
I well knew there was not left in Store sufficient to an- 
swer the Appointments more than a Fortnight: Whereat 
Mr. Bradley used some warm Expressions; and among 
others asked him, whether or no the Trustees had sent him 
here to starve the Colony? Which Mr. Jones highly re- 
sented; and one Word begetting another, foul Language 
ensued, so far as to give the Lie, and call Knave, &c. 
till from Words they were coming to Blows; but I took 
Care to prevent that; and at length Mr. Bradley with- 
drew, which put an End to it for the present The Sailor, 
who was found guilty, received due Corredlion at the 
Whipping-Post. 

Saturday. Spent great Part of the Day out of Town, is. 
to see what those few Hands were doing, who were left, 
and able to do any Work on the Plantation; and return' d 
not a little chagrin'd, to find how poorly we went on, 
and how far short we fell this Year of what we had done 
last. At my Return home, to my farther Comfort, I 
met with the News of another Boy being run away, 
soon after my going out in the Morning, whom I had been 
endeavoring for a Year past to make useful, and hoped 
he might prove so at last: But as I well knew he also 
had his Tutoring among Thieves, I now found that I 
could promise myself nothing from such that was good; 
especially since I had shown frequent Marks of Favour 
to this Youth, whom no Gratitude could bind. He went 
off with a suitable Comrade of his own Age, who be- 
longed to a Neighbour; and knowing that they were une- 
qual to such an Undertaking, without Vidlualling, and 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 263 

utter Strangers to the Woods, and Manner of finding ™^ 
their Way thro' them; I made no Doubt but Necessity ^^^^f'^ 
would drive them Home again, if they did not perish 
with Cold and Want in the Interim. Mr. Jones conceived 
a fresh Suspicion of Mr. Causton's Intention to fly the 
Colony. 

Sunday. The proper Business of the Day duly ob- u. 
served at Church, &c. Opportunity offering by a Boat 
going to the South, Mr. Jones wrote a long Letter to the 
General of all Circumstances relating to Mr. Causton; 
which being immediately under his Enquiry, I thought it 
not proper for me to intermeddle in: Wherefore having 
nothing material to write, I gave a Letter to Mr. Jones to 
put under his Cover, which came to my Hands for the 
General a few Days before. 

Monday. The Court sat again, dispatched some Cause i«. 
of little Moment, and adjourned till to-morrow. Heavy 
Rain all Day allowed of no stirring Abroad; nor did any 
Thing memorable come to my Knowledge. 

Tuesday. The two runaway Boys, who run ofiE on i«. 
Saturday, finding themselves miserably mistaken in what 
they attempted (which I believe would be their Case) 
were glad at last to find their Way back to a Hut of 
mine about three Miles out of Town; from whence they 
were condudled home last Night; and this Morning I 
caused them both to be put in Mind of their Duty with 
a little sharp Corredlion; which possibly being done in 
private, may have better Efficacy than to be whipped 
openly; from whence Offenders have often been observed 
to grow more hardened. The Court continued to sit 
and try some Causes, thereby in some Measure to stop 
the Clamour of the People: But what could any Way be 
avoided from being brought to Trial, which good Rea- 
son could be given for, it would certainly be most pru- 
dential to defer: And above all, it behooved them to be 



^64 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

very tender in giving out Executions, except ag^ainst J7»^ 
^ such as wilfully with-held Payment of a just Debt, and Jan^nr 
were of Ability; otherwise if the Rigour of the Law was 
not a little checked, during this Distress, which so many 
laboured under, probably the Goal would need great En- 
largement for the Reception of Prisoners. 

Wednesday. Captain Steward's Ship being now so far i7. 
loaden as to draw near twelve Foot Water, he fell down 
the River this Day for Tybee, in order to take in 
the rest of the Lumber there, which was to follow him 
thither in Rafts. The Court continued yet to sit, rather 
to amuse, than determine any Matters of much Conse- 
quence: I commonly attended there; and where it was 
possible to persuade the Parties to a Reference, it was 
done. 

Thursday. The Ship which weighed Yesterday, dropt is. 
Anchor again a little below the Town; and the Wind 
coming now easterly, she lay there all this Day. The 
Court sat a few Hours in the Morning only, and then ad- 
journed to Wednesday next Week, thereby to give Time 
to all that were disposed to drop Law Process, and come 
to an Accommodation with their Neighbours. Observing 
of late that there appeared a profound Calm and Quiet 
more than for a while past had been among us, my Cu- 
riosity again led me to visit our nightly Club in the 
Evening, and to see if I coulddiscover what might occasion 
such a Change of Temper among them: And I soon per- 
ceived that they were much crest-fallen, and not a little 
chagrined at the Disappointment they had met with from 
their Friends at Darien, and in the South; to whom (it 
seems) they had sent their late Representation, expell- 
ing an universal Concurrence from them: But it so fell 
out, that Capt. Wood, to whose Care they told me they 
had committed it, depending on his Readiness to pro- 
mote it, had a different Way of thinking from them; and 
Upon opening it, when he found what it was, folded it up 



COLONIAL RECOKDS. 265 

in the same cover wherein it came; and without sealing ^iw^ ^ 
it again, gave it to Mr. Minis, a Jew Freeholder of this ^^^^^ 
Town, to carry it back, who had never signed it, and 
happening to be there on Business of his own, was then 
returning. This was thought by some of our high- 
spirited Gentry a very great Indignity offered, and such 
as by their Words they showed great Resentment at. 
What farther (I saw) vexed them, was, that they had re- 
ceived Information, the People in those Parts were not 
altogether so warm as they expedled, and had been re- 
ported; for tho' there were some among them that 
showed they were not very easy; yet most of them drew 
back in Time, thinking it the wisest Way not to quar- • 
rel with the Bread and Butter they got, though per- 
haps not spread to their Liking: So that our Madcaps 
(I fancied) began to think themselves bit, and outwitted; 
under which Perplexity of Thought, I left them at pres- 
ent, and went home. 

Friday. It was remarkable that Mr. Causton, who i«. 
lately with his Wife and Family in Town, appeared much 
intent upon spending more Part of his Time among us, 
than for a while past, and was fitting up a House for that 
Purpose, now seemed to have taken another Turn of 
Thought, and absented himself (as it was looked on) 
more than ever; leaving the Clerks who were employed, 
to carry on the Work of his Accounts as they pleased; 
whom he visited but one Day for ^ Week past, whilst 
he lived at Ockstead, and received such Visitors as came 
thither to him. All hush'd and quiet about Town, as if 
nothing amiss had happened: But I doubted ere long we 
should hear of some farther Pradlice among our wise 
Schemists. 

Saturday. The chief of my Employment, was at my 20. 
Plantation; which, from being once a Delight, was now 
become a melancholy Employment; and grieved me to 
see what poor Work we made of it, with such weak and 



266 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

wretched Hands, that gave me little Prospe<5l of what ™^ 
might be expedled from them, to maintain themselves. J»ng»ry 
These Dispensations of Providence, however, are not to 
be repined at, when I see other Servants lusty and strong, 
and Men of Labour capable of following their Work to 
good Purpose, if they are well inclined; for the whole 
Colony were never in a more universal State of Health 
than at present: So that many of our representing Folk, 
have little Reason this Year, above all others, to exclaim 
against the Use of white Men. It behooved me, if I 
could not go the Length I would, to drive the Nail as 
far as it would go. 

Sunday. Mr. Norris went on in a steady Course to m- 
perform the divine Offices; and this Day administered the 
Sacrament to such as were well disposed; whilst not a 
few chose to ride out of Town in small Parties, some to 
Mr. Causton's, some to Mess. Jones's and Fallowfield's 
Plantations, at a good Distance ofiE, where it may be pre- 
sumed some further Consultations were to be held to- 
wards supporting that Spirit of Fa<5lion, which began to 
wax cold again and decline. 

Monday. Seeing of late many of our Freeholders a. 
dropping away, I thought it incumbent on me to look 
particularly into that List as it stood the Beginning of 
last Year, and take an exa<5l Account of such of them as 
were gone ofiE since, whither they were gone, and whom 
we might expedl from among them were likely to return 
ag^in: Wherein I spent good Part of the Day, and in- 
tended to perfedl the Whole, as I had Opportunity, so as to 
send it with my next Letters to the Trust: But the Num- 
ber of them increased so fast upon me, that I soon found 
it a very unpleasing Task: The Truth however must not 
be concealed. 

Tuesday. Pursued the same Work, as Leisure would tK 
allow, from various Avocations more immediately re- 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 267 

quiring my Attention. Our Reformers seemed to have ij^ 
resumed a little fresh Courage on their late Consultations; Jaig^rj 
and now beg^an to give it out, for the better keeping up 
their Party in good Heart, that since the General's con- 
tinuing so long in the South, would not admit hitherto 
of presenting their Representation to him in the Manner 
they intended; they were determined to lose no more 
Time, but would send it to him under Cover, in Form of 
a Letter; and take a fit opportunity very soon of laying 
the same before the Trustees by a proper Hand; and in 
case both proved ineffectual, they had Friends in Eng- 
land, who would carry it before the Privy Council. A 
Boat going occasionally, at this Jun<5lure, for Frederica, 
it was supposed they sent it to the General by that Con- 
veyance; and as I took frequent Opportunities of ac- 
quainting him with what I thought most material here, I 
was not wanting now in my Duty so to do, by the same 
Boat. 

Wednesday. The Court per last adjournment, was to a*, 
have sat again; but Mr. Parker the first Bailiff being out 
of Town at his Plantation several Miles off, and not re- 
turning till Ten a Clock in the Morning, Mr. Christie, 
the Recorder, a little rashly, and unadvisedly, adjourned 
the Court till to-morrow; by which Means the Jury that 
was summoned, being dissipated, it was to be doubted, 
they would not easily be got together again, since fre- 
quent and long Attendance on that Duty, was always es- 
teemed grievous. Divers of the German Servants (who 
in general were every Day growing more and more in- 
solent, and lazy) having combined together, and under 
Pretense of not having Justice done them, declared they 
would not work till their Demands were "Satisfied; the 
Magistrates ordered they should have a Hearing at my 
House this Afternoon, when Mr. Jones also would be 
present, and hear what they had to say: They were all 
separately examined, which took up much Time, till Ten 
at Night; and it plainly appeared, from their Agreement 



268 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

with the Trustees, which Recourse was had tO: that it was ^i7»^ 
fulfilled in all its Parts, and that their Complaints were J»^»'y 
frivolous: Whereupon not being willing to come to ex- 
tream Severities with them, if it could be avoided; the 
only Punishment now ordered them was, that the three 
idle Days they had taken to themselves in such 
a mutinous Manner, by refusing to work, they should 
each of them make good to those they served, (viz. the 
Trustees) by working on three Saturdays, which other- 
wise they were per Agreement entitled to take to their 
own Use: And they were farther given to understand, 
that the next Adl of Disobedience which any of them 
should be guilty of, would certainly be reckoned for at 
the Whipping-Post. 

Thursday. Mr. Jones having received Advice from ». 
the General by a Boat which came up last Night, that 
we might expedl him now in a short Time; such News 
was never more acceptable, considering the Face of Af- 
fairs among us at present. The Court sat again, and a 
Jury being found, they proceeded to determine all such 
Matters as required to be dispatched. Before the Court 
adjourned, I put them in Mind of what I had before 
hinted to them, about the ill Use I apprehended might 
be made of Arms so frequently carried by Dutch, Ger- 
man, and other Servants {vide 5th Instant:) Which the 
Grand Jury had also thought so much worth their Notice, 
that they had made a Presentment of it to this Court as 
a Matter of dangerous Consequence: To which the Court 
gave me for Answer, that an Order of Court should be 
issued to the Constables and Ty thing-men, to take away 
the Arms of such Servants carrying them without special 
Licence from his Master; which Licence also must not 
be for more than one Day, &c. moreover, that a Copy of 
the said Order should be published, for the general In- 
formation of all Persons concerned. 

Friday. Being somewhat indisposed, I kept home all le. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 269 

Day, and had Intelligence of nothing that deserved No- ^^ 

tice. JaimAry 

Saturday. The Magistrates assembled at my House, ar. 
at my Request, to enquire into the late Behaviour of some 
disorderly Servants belonging to several Masters; among 
whom was one of mine, whom I could never yet make 
any Good of, but so exceedingly false and lazy, that he 
would do nothing longer than he had one to oversee his 
work: Wherefore to break him of that, a little while 
since I agreed with a Neighbour, who was a good Sawyer, 
to take him some Months to his Use, on no other Terms 
for his Part, than barely to feed him, &c. and as I knew 
him to be a laborious Man himself, so that I was pretty 
sure there could be no Flinching for a Servant that 
worked with him without being corrected for it: This, I 
thought, would be a good Expedient, as well to cure him 
of that lazy Distemper, as possibly it might also to ren- 
der him useful to myself, at such Time as I began build- 
ing. This Rascal took the Opportunity of a Sunday, 
when nobody's Eyes were over him, to stroll among the 
neighbouring Plantations, and pilfer divers Sorts of 
Provision out of the Huts upon them; finding no one 
there that Day, which was fully proved; as it was also 
that he was meditating to run away, and had been per- 
suading and endeavouring to seduce several others to 
join with him in so doing: For all which notorious Of- 
fences, and for Example-Sake to others, I desired no 
Favour to be shown him (which I began to think I had 
been too liberal of among my worthless Crew) where- 
fore he was ordered to receive publick Corredlion from 
the Hands of the Common Hangman: And others were 
differently dealt with, according to their Behaviour under 
their several Masters. 

Sunday. Divine Service duly performed by Mr. Nor- as. 
ris, as usual. Captain Thompson, with his Brigantine, 
came to Tybee last Night from St. Simon's, where he 



270 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

had at length disposed of the Remainder of his Servants ^^ 
he brought over; on my seeing him this Morning, he Jwg*^ 
could give me no certain Account when the General in- 
tended to be here: What I chiefly learned from him was, 
that at the late Court- Martial held upon the Difference 
betwixt Colonel Cochran and Captain McKay, the Colo- 
nel being defective in his Evidence, the Captain was 
acquitted; and the Colonel by Leave from the General, 
was preparing to follow Captain Thompson to Charles- 
Town, and go with him for England. 

Monday. Walked to make another Visit to my People ». 
at their Work; where I remained the greatest Part of the 
Day, closely observing how they went on; as my Son 
seldom failed a Day spending some Hours among them; 
without which nothing was to be expe<5led, and (I feared) 
but little with it, the Men being most of them so dispir- 
ited with long Sickness, besides an habitual Laziness and 
Aversion to Labour so grown upon them; but I deter- 
mined with myself (if possible) to dispossess that evil 
Spirit, which had taken hold of those whom I knew to 
have Strength. That little Thief, Thomas Roberts, who 
lately came from England, and had so far manifested his 
Talents, that I could not any longer bear with him, I 
delivered up to Bailiff Parker, who would send him to his 
Plantation, about ten Miles off upon Trial, among others 
he had at work there; and being thereby so far removed 
from all Company, except his Fellow-Servants, with an 
Inspector over them, we hoped he might reform a little 
through such Means; if not, he was to return him, and 
some other Course must be taken. This Evening Captain 
Norbury came to Town from St. Simon's, and stopt in his 
Return thence to Port-Royal, where the Company was 
stationed that he commanded: He came to Tybee in the 
Ranger Sloop (the Hawk's Tender) all we could learn 
was, that Colonel Cochran would be here in a Day or 
two, and the General soon, but he could not say when. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 271 

Tuesday. The Service appointed for the Day was ob- ^tto^ 
served by Mr. Norris. A melancholy Accident was dis- ^*^'y 
covered, by a Woman that was found dead, and cast up 
by the Sea near Tybee: She was known by some who 
went to view the Body, to be the Daughter of Major 
Richards at Purysburgh, who had been twice married, and 
her last Husband was yet living there: It was said^ that 
she had been at Charles-Town, and was returning with 
two little Children, together with four or five other Peo- 
ple, in the same Boat (or Canoe rather;) and meeting 
with bad Weather in Delfuska Sound, which is noted for 
many dangerous Shoals, that occasion great Breakers, it 
is supposed they drove on them, and every Person was 
lost. Mr. Causton being this Day in Town, came as a 
great Stranger to make me a Visit; but it soon appeared 
he had something more to say than a bare how d'ye; for 
he pulled a Letter out of his Pocket, which he said he 
had wrote to the Trustees, and intended to commit it to 
the Care of Captain Thompson, who would deliver it 
safely with his own Hands; wherein having made Use of 
my Name, he showed me a Paragraph that he had wrote, 
in Vindication of himself, against the Blame incurred by 
him with the Trustees, for continuing so many People at 
such a great Expence in making Roads, &c. And the 
Reason alledged for Part of the Increase of the Expence, 
he plainly said, was through my Persuasion, which he 
hoped I would remember now, and confirm it when I 
wrote: To which I made him Answer, that I would by no 
Means let it go in the Terms it was wrote, without some 
Explication; for tho' there was Truth in some Part of it, 
yet that Truth misrepresented, would most undoubtedly 
be misunderstood; wherefore he ought not to think I deal 
unfairly by him, if I wrote a few Words also to the Trus- 
tees on the same Occasion; wherein I would be so open 
with him, as to give him a Copy of the Paragraph I 
meant to write, that he might do with it what he pleased, 
if it would be of Service to him. 



272 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Wednesday. Mr. Cadogan, a Cadet in the General's itsb. 
Regiment, came to Town in the Forenoon, being sent by ^•'g^ 
the General in Pursuit of some Deserters, whom he pub- 
lished a Reward for the taking of, viz. 5 /. each; and af- 
ter he had fulfilled such Orders with Mr. Jones, they 
called on me, and he made haste to return ag^ain by Land 
to Thunderbolt; where his Boat that he came in waited 
for him; to whose Care I committed a Letter for the 
General, and two for Mr. Horton, that came to my Hands 
on Monday Evening from Carolina: Upon my asking 
him when we might hope to see the General again, he 
told me next Week certainly; which I was very glad to 
be so far assured of. Captain Norbury left us about 
Noon, and proceeded to his Command at Port-Royal. 
Nothing stirring among us extraordinary, but frequent 
Chit-chat about such and such who were newly gone off; 
which I gave not much Heed to, knowing that some of 
them were no Loss; other some I thought not to be 
blamed, who were Sawyers, and such like Workmen, that 
finding at present but little Employment, and both Wages 
and Provisions scarcely to be had, thought it Time to 
look out for Subsistence where they could find it; and 
several of them, I was satisfied, had an Eye still to their 
Freeholds here, which they would occupy again when 
they saw it to their Advantage: Very few, or none of 
such as had made any considerable Improvements on 
their Lands, as I observed, made any Show yet of their 
Intentions to leave the Place; so that I laid aside all far- 
ther Anxiety, which I found myself a little uneasy under, 
about eight or nine Days ago, when I first began this 
Scrutiny, 

Thursday. The fatal Time was now come, when Mr. rebmarr 
Jones found the Stores utterly empty of all Flesh Pro- ^' 
vision; which it was hoped would not have happened be- 
fore the General's Presence among us again, who for 
many weighty Reasons, as well as for this, we had long 
in vain wished for; whilst Matters of very great Moment 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 273 

detained him where he was: Flour and Bread were also mo^ 
near exhausted; and what was to be expccfted next, who February 
could tell? The General might well be imagined to be 
incensed, by those repeated Provocations lately given 
him, thro' the Instigation of some Hotheads, in their 
Representation and anonymous Letter; but it could not 
easily be believed, that nothing less would appease him, 
than starving the Town. This alone was enough to ex- 
ercise the Faculties of all Persons concerned, to debate, 
on the whole Day, one with another. \ 

Friday. Nothing but Complaints, go where I would; sr 
and at Home no Quiet, from the clamorous Importunity 
of many poor People, whom I knew to have a just De- 
mand on the Stores, and were not to be satisfied with 
what I could say: One Thing more especially was urged 
by several, viz. when it was so well foreseen, that by the 
great Draught that had been made, the Stores must be 
soon exhausted, and no foreign Supply was to be ex- 
pedled; what Reason could be given for not killing some 
of the Trustees Steers in Season, whereof there are Plenty; 
unless it was intended to starve them! which Steers were 
now reduced by the Winter to Carrion. I had no Argu- 
ments proper to make Use of, but did what I could to 
persuade them to be patient, till we saw the General 
again, whom we now looked for every Day, and I did 
not doubt but he had Means in Reserve to support such 
as deserved it: And so I passed over a most irksome 
Day. 

Saturday. Letters to Mr. Jones from the General; a 
who upon the Information sent him, that Mr. Causton 
was suspe<5led to meditate a Flight out of the Province, 
and escape in Captain Steward's Ship, near upon sailing 
to the West-Indies; wrote to the Captain, to charge him, 
at his Peril, not to carry any Person off who was under 
Bail; as he did also to Mr. Fallowfield, whom he had ap- 
pointed Naval Officer, to go on board that Ship, and wait 

18cr— v4 



2 74 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

to prevent it; and likewise to Mr. Causton himself, ad- wro. 
vising him not to attempt it, but to show his Integrity Ftbnimry 
by hastening on his Accounts, for that he should not 
want Protedlion here from Calumny and injurious Treat- 
ment (which he had complained of) but that if he sought 
another Abode, he could be no where out of the Reach 
of the Trustees. Murmuring and Complaining continued 
jn all Corners, which I avoided hearing as much as I could. 

Sunday. Mr. Norris did his Duty; and told his Con- i. 
gregation theirs, in a Discourse well adapted to such as 
make a Show of Godliness, without benefiting themselves 
by the Pradlice of a holy Life. 

Monday. Walked out of Town, to be easy and free s. 
from the Jargon of the Town, among my People at the 
Lot: But there also I met with Vexation; and returned 
home a little after Noon. Mr. Habersham the School- 
Master (whose Brother died lately at Frederica) return- 
ing thence, after taking Care of the E£fe<5ts of the 
Deceased; I enquired of him what News he brought; but 
he had little: The most material was, that the General 
expressed great Resentment against our Representers 
here (which I could not wonder at) and the whole Town 
he found was under his Displeasure; insomuch, that he 
said to him, with great Warmth, he should leave them to 
themselves, and not come near them, as he was going 
soon to Charles-Town: Which would be a heavy Resent- 
ment indeed, if pursued, and might have bad Conse- 
quences attend it; but we were willing to hope better 
Things. 

Tuesday. Busy all Day in preparing Papers of divers j. 
Kinds, and writing Letters to go for England. 

Wednesday. Captain Thompson's Ship having lain at 7. 
Tybee ever since his Return from the South, and being 
now near upon sailing, first to Charles-Town to get a 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 275 

Loading, and thence to England; divers of our Deserters ^iw^ 
sought so fair an Opportunity of going off, and had been February 
for some Days past putting themselves on board; which 
I took Notice of to the Captain, and cautioned him about 
it, lest he should make himself obnoxious, in carrying 
any away whom there was Reason to with-hold. He told 
me, that very few of them (if any) were gone aboard with 
his Privity or good Liking, and that he meant of his own 
Accord to turn some of them ashore, who he heard were 
there, adding withal, that he was not fond of any of 
their Company, nor did he expedl Profit by it: Upon 
which I advised, that some proper Person should go 
aboard with him when he went, who could distinguish 
one from another; and such as were liable to be ques- 
tioned, might then be stopt, whilst the rest had free 
Leave to go where they pleased. This was readily 
agreed to, and I purposed to speak to Mr. Christie of it, 
who I thought was a proper Judge of their several Cir- 
<:umstances, and therefore a fit Man to separate those, 
who in Justice ought to be detained. 

Thursday. Little happened worth Notice at Savannah •• 
Town: But what we heard told us by several newly come 
from Carolina, was not to be disregarded, viz. that a Con- 
spiracy was formed by the Negroes in Carolina, to rise 
and forcibly make their Way out of the Province, to put 
themselves under the Protection of the Spaniards; that 
this was first discovered at Winnyaw, which is at the most 
Northern Part of the Province; from whence, as they were 
to bend their Course South, it argued, that the other 
Parts of ihe Province must be privy to it, and that the 
Rising was to be universal; whereupon the whole Province 
were all upon their Guard: It was added, that the Coun- 
cil and Assembly had each deputed a Person, whom they 
had sent off in a Sloop for Augustine, to demand of the 
Governor there a Restitution of all those Negroes who 
had lately fled to that Place; some of which I before took 
Notice of (^vide December 15.) And I could not miss 



276 COLONIAL RECOEDS. 

now again reflecting on the mistaken Politicks of some i7<o- 
among us, who endeavour to evince the Necessity of us- ^broary 
ing of them in Georgia. N. B. The Number of Negfroes 
at this Time in Carolina, is imputed to be at least thirty- 
five Thousand, and the Number of white People, at most, 
not to exceed nine thousand Souls. 

Friday. This Morning I talked with Mr. Christie »• 
about his visiting Captain Thompson's Ship, as before 
designed; which he readily consented to, and promised 
me to take Care in, when the Captain went aboard. 
Afterwards, I spent most Part of the Day upon the Lot, 
diredling what I thought needful; and in the Evening I 
made another Visit to our notable Club, where I under- 
stood Captain Thompson was, and who took his Leave 
and went off in his Boat for Tybee about Nine at Night, 
fine Moon-light and soft Weather. The Packet which I 
had prepared for the Trustees, I had before in the Morn- 
ing given him, well pleased that I had so opportune a 
Conveyance for it to Charles-Town, where he promised 
me to deliver it, together with a Letter attending it, to 
the Attorney-General, that it might go for England by 
the first Ship that sailed; and as I knew Thompson must 
stay a few Weeks at Charles-Town, I had it in my pres- 
ent Intent, to get another Packet ready against he went 
thence, which I would commit to his Care, to be deliv- 
ered with his own Hand. What I thought most observ- 
able at the Club was, that out of no less than seventeen 
or eighteen present in the publick Room, fifteen were 
Scotch: And when I walked home, one of the Company, 
whom I had a pretty good Familiarity with, told me (on 
our Way) that my coming in this Night had put an End 
to a long Debate they had began among themselves, 
about some Means to be used for making their Repre- 
sentation more publick, in some other Parts of America, 
as well as in England: So^thatl doubted I should have 
little Welcome among them hereafter, if I came; and 
was very seldom now that I did: But I resolved not to- 



COLONIAL RECOEDS. 277 

tally to exclude myself, through too much Modesty, n»- 
where none besides used any to their own Disadvantage. Febromrr 

Saturday. The Report we had on Thursday, of the w. 
Measures taken by the Government of Carolina, for se- 
curing their Negroes, was now verified; for this Day ar- 
rived at Tybee a Sloop from Charles-Town, on board of 
which were Mess. Brathwaite, Rutlidge, Amian and 
Fenwick; the first deputed as one of the Council, the 
second as one of the Assembly, the next as Clerk of the 
Assembly, and the last a young Gentleman only as a 
Companion; who all leaving the Sloop at Anchor, came 
up to Town; and well knowing Mr. Brathwaite, I waited 
on them with the ordinary Compliments of a Welcome, 
&c. They told me the Occasion of their Voyage, agree- 
able to what we had before heard; with this Difference 
only, that such Negroes as were already gone, did not 
attempt it by Land, but were mostly such as were em- 
ployed in Pettyagua's and other like Craft, which they 
carried off with them: That they were going, by Order 
of Council, to Augustin, to demand Restitution of all 
such as had fled thither, which Demand was by virtue of 
a Treaty betwixt them about five Years since; and tho' 
they had very little or no Expedition of Success in 
what they went about, yet it was thought proper to take 
an Answer from the Governor of Augustin himself, that 
so in case of a Refusal thay might have a just Founda- 
tion to lay their Complaint before his Majesty. They 
much desired to see the General, and had been as far 
South, as ofiE St. Simon's; but the Weather would not 
allow them to put in there, where the General yet was; 
wherefore they chose to stop here a little, and were now 
at a Loss what to do next, fearing that if they put to 
Sea again, as the General was daily expedled with us, he 
might in that Interim come hither within Land, and they 
might so miss him. 

Sunday. Mr. Norris continued to read Prayers, and ^- 



278 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

exhort all to do their Duty, in the same Manner he had w» 
done hitherto; and was every Day mo.re and more con- J^^nimrx 
firmed in the good Opinion of all his Hearers. 

Monday. The Gentlemen from Carolina showing a u- 
Desire of seeing the Nature of the adjacent Parts of the 
Country, we got Horses, and they passed away a few 
Hours diverting themselves that Way; and at their Re- 
turn confessed, that they little expelled to see such a 
Tradl of Land, as they found on each Side, after leaving 
the Pine-Barren, and descending into the flat Country, 
which exceeded any Thing about Charles-Town (they 
said) but told us withal jocularly, that till we could find 
a Way of cultivating it at less Expence, Carolina needed 
not to look enviously upon us; and thence falling into 
Talk of the Benefit of Negroes, I thought it best to wave 
that Discourse, which would afford more Argument than 
could presently come to a Decision; and I well knew 
that too many of my Neighbors (some of which were 
present) were of late become strenuous Advocates on 
that Side of the Question: Wherefore the Odds against 
me I saw too great now to encounter. Most of my Time 
was taken up this Day in attending them, and showing 
such Regard to the Affair they had with the General, as 
I thought the Importance of it demanded. 

Tuesday. The Strangers now seeing no certain Ap- u. 
pearance when the General might return to Savannah, 
came to a Resolution of leaving us, and trying again if 
they could find him in the South : Accordingly they took 
Leave, and went down the River to the Sloop that waited 
for them at Cockspur. Just at the same Time Mr. Burn- 
side and Noble Jones came to Town from their distant 
Plantations, bringing with them three Deserters who had 
been advertised before {vide January 31.) who finding 
themselves unable to make their Escape through such an 
unknown Wilderness, but famished almost for Want of 
Food, surrendered themselves to the first Settlers they 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 279' 

came at; and were now put in safe Custody, &c. This I ij^ 
had an Opportunity of writing a few Words of to the Febniary 
General by these Gentlemen, acquainting him with it, and 
also inclosing to him a Letter which was lately put into 
my Hands, that came from the West-Indies direAed to 
him. In the Afternoon we were alarmed every Body, on 
the sudden and unexpe<5led Landing of betwixt thirty 
and forty strange Indians, who advanced up into the 
Heart of the Town before we could get any Men under 
Arms to receive them : They proved to be of the Choc- 
taws, a numerous Nation, which bordered on the French, 
whom they had lived with in Friendship till of late, and 
now upon some Difference they abandoned them, and 
chose rather to take Part with the English : They came 
out from home near a hundred, fifty of whom, with their 
Chief, were gone to Charles-Town, whilst these came 
hither. They were very urgent to see (the great Man) 
General Oglethorpe, whom they were resolved to follow 
till they found him; but we thought it advisable to divert 
that if we could, knowing that the General was too much 
embarrassed where he now was, to receive them with 
Pleasure; especially as the Presents provided for such 
Uses were in the Magazine with us; wherefore we were 
resolved to entertain them till we could know the Gen- 
eral's farther Pleasure; though the Stores were never so 
empty before: Accordingly we conducted them to the 
Court-House, heard what they had to say by an Interpre- 
ter; and after reciprocal Assurances of Love and Good- 
will to each other^ when they had refreshed themselves 
an Hour with Pipes and Tobacco, and two Biscuits each, 
besides every Man two or three Glasses of Wine, they 
were shown to an empty House for them to lodge in, in 
case of wet Weather (otherwise their Choice is to lie 
around a Fire which they make in the open Air) and such 
Provision as could be got, was sent them, namely, a small 
Hog, which they would barbacue themselves; and by 
good Fortune a New-York Sloop coming newly up the 
River which had good Beer on board, Mr. Jones got two 



280 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

or three Casks of that, which was to be dealt out to them nat^ 
moderately, lest they grew drunk and mischievous. No FebniArj 
Doubt was to be made of the usefulness of such a Bar- 
rier as these People would be against the French, so 
many hundred Miles off, in case a firm Alliance with 
them could be insured. 

Wednesday. Mr. Causton called upon me; and after i4. 
complaining heavily of the severe Treatment he met 
with, and the scandalous Stories which were spread over 
the Town and whole Country concerning hrm, who looked 
on him as no better than a downright Knave; which he 
said was all owing to Mr. Jones, who continually was 
casting out Reproaches publickly against him for Frauds 
committed, without his having yet any Opportunity to 
clear himself; moreover, that he was preparing to fly out 
of the Colony, being unable to stand the Enquiry into 
his past Adlions : For these Reasons he was induced to 
draw up a Paper in the Nature of a Memorial, setting 
forth his own Innocence and faithful Services for the 
Trust, which he defied all the World to disprove; never- 
theless, that he was most injuriously calumniated and de- 
famed, without any Room given him to defend his own 
Charadler. All of which (and much more) he told me he 
would make Affidavit of before the Magistrates, and also 
proposed to receive the blessed Sacrament upon it, as a 
Test of the Truth of what he intended to publish. Then 
he asked my Opinion, whether I thought he a<5led right 
or not in so doing: And I told him plainly, that I 
thought every Man living had a natural, as well as legal 
Right, when he was attacked in any Manner injuriously, 
to use all proper and lawful Means for his Defence: But 
I added also, that it would behove him to be cautious 
how great a Length he carried those Protestations to; 
for if he over-rated his Services, and professed a stricter 
Rule to walk by than he had in some Cases (perhaps un- 
wilfuUy) stuck to; should it in the Course of this Enquiry 
appear so, it would greatly invalidate all he alledged: and 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 281 

wished him to remember, that Fa<Sls were knotty Points, im 
not to be evaded: Whereat he appeared very easy, and Febraary 
made no Reply, so we parted: Whilst I remained not a 
Jot wiser than before; for it was not in my Power to judge 
betwixt Mr. Jones and him; and as I often thought Mr. 
Jones a little too warm in throwing out reproachful Lan- 
guage against him, such as Villain, Knave, &c. so I must 
also incline to believe, that such Charges as I heard were 
lately exhibited by him against Mr. Causton, must have 
appeared with strong Evidence, or else Mr. Jones did him 
great Injury. Towards Evening we sent away a Boat 
express to the General in the South, to whom I wrote 
what at present was needful, and particularly relating to 
the Indians which came Yesterday, praying to know his 
Pleasure. Edward Haines, a Boy Servant of mine, was 
at my Request committed by the Magistrates as an in- 
corrigible Rogue. 

Thursday. All that happened remarkable this Day, 15 
was another unfortunate accident, which befel a Boat go- 
ing for Charles-Town, wherein were divers Passengers, 
who were in very great Peril of their Lives going over 
Delfuska Sound, where they stuck upon a Shoal about 
Half a Mile from the Shore, but it chanced that they 
were not quite out of their Depth in wading all the Way 
to Land; from whence being espied, they got Help. 

Friday. One Martin, a Soldier lately among those is. 
who came from Gibraltar, but discharged some Time 
since, as an unhealthy Person, after being salivated in 
this Town, where he yet continued, living idle, and sus- 
peAed to be doing no Good among our working People; 
now was grown very impudent and abusive of many 
honest Men in the Place, raising false and scandalous Sto- 
ries to make Mischief; and not content with that, he let 
his Tongue loose against the General himself, who he said 
had cheated him of a great many Pounds when he dis- 
•charged him: Whereof Affidavit being made before a Mag- 



282 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

istratc, it was thought proper to require Sureties of him iwi^ 
for his Appearance to answer such a Charge of Scandal; Fewry 
which he not finding, he was committed to the Log- 
House, to learn better. 



17. 



Saturday. This was a Day that gave me great Vex- 
ation and Uneasiness in my own little Affairs, occasioned 
by the Baseness of a vile Crew of Servants, who had 
been a long while a Torment to me by their past Be- 
haviour; but were now growing every Day from bad to 
worse, and become truly an intolerable Burden to me; 
for it was evident, that for many Months past, very few 
(if any) of them had earned by their Labour Half the 
Value of what they eat: But some weakened with a long 
Sickness, and others possessed with a stubborn Laziness, 
which no Cure could yet be found for, whether of Lenity 
or Severity, made me almost despair now of getting any 
Good from them this Season, which was so far advanced, 
as to call upon every one who had any Eye towards 
planting, to be prepared speedily: And out of ten which 
I had once had, who last Year worked with a Good-will, 
and wanted for no sort of Encouragement from me, I 
could not at this Time depend on more than three or 
four to have any Service from: So that instead of re- 
ducing the Number of Acres already Cleared, into per- 
fe<5l good Order, and cultivating it in the best Manner 
(which is usually the Work of the second Year) I doubted, 
after all the fine Things I had been promising myself, 
whether or not I should accomplish the Half of it; which 
was Matter of great Mortification to me: And my Son 
grew so impatient at our being thus abused, that I could 
hardly persuade him to look towards what they were do- 
ing any more, after the Pains he had been all this while 
taking, to that Degree, that I never could expe<5l a Day's 
Labour from the best of them to equal that, for Exam- 
ple's Sake, he wrought with his own Hands often. 

Sunday. Mr. Norris went on regularly doing his Duty is. 



COLONIAL EECOEDS. 283 

like a good Minister, and this Day he administered the hm^ 
blessed Sacrament, whereat Mr. Causton made one, ac- FebniAiy 
cording to what he had before g^ven out was his Inten- 
tion: Whether otherwise he meant to be a Guest or not, 
Charity bids me not enquire. 

Monday. Notwithstanding the Order of Court, lately i9. 
made and published against all Servants going abroad 
with Guns, not having their Master's License; many of 
the Germans (who seemed most of them determined to 
follow their own Will in every Thing) continued their 
former PraAices; and that not only on ordinary Daysi 
but Yesterday several of those particularly under Mr. 
Bradley's Direction, were known publickly, and he him* 
self also complained of it, for daring to defy all Author- 
ity, by carrying Arms into the Woods; not only Guns, 
but Cutlasses also, as if they meant to maintain by Force, 
those Liberties they saw fit to assume. This gave great 
Offence to all sober People, who had Regard to the Pro- 
phaning of that Day, as well as endangering the publick 
Peace: But being in continual Expei^ation of the Gen- 
eral among us, it was thought most advisable to refer 
the Remedy of such Disorders to him, rather than come 
to Extremities, if it might be avoided. Spent the After- 
noon ag^in among my slothful Servants, where I was not 
disappointed at what I saw, but sufficiently chagrined at 
the Thoughts of it on my Return. 

Tuesday. The most remarkable Thing that was com- 20. 
monly talked of among us this Day, ought not to be 
passed over without proper Notice here; namely, the 
great Danger Mess. Montaigut and de Beaufain were 
said to be in, by a Conspiracy of their Negro Slaves, 
whereof they have got a great Number, upon a very 
large Plantation in our Neighbourhood, on the Banks of 
Savannah, within the Distridl of Purysburgh, a little be- 
low that Town, and about a Dozen Miles above us. So 
far as we could yet be informed of the Truth, we hear 



284 COLONIAL BECOBDS. 

t 

that the Design of those Slaves was to cut off their nw^ 
Masters and Families, and all the white People that be- Febrosry 
longed to them entirely, and then to make their Way as 
fast as they could to Augustin, either by Land or by Wa- 
ter, after furnishing themselves first with Arms out of 
their Masters Houses when plundered, &c. but by good 
Providence their Design was timely discovered. An- 
other Instance this, of the Benefit that might accrue by 
such in Georgia. 

Wednesday. Eight Days were now past since we 21 
sent a Boat express to the General with Letters acquaint- 
ing him of the Arrival of the Indians, and of the Diffi- 
culties we were under how to content them, the Stores 
being so empty; and they began to grow impa- 
tient now, rambling abroad into the Country among 
those few Plantations that lay near us; where tho' they 
had yet done no Mischief, yet they would come boldly 
into their Huts, laying their Hands on any Thing they 
liked, and appearing displeased at their being refused to 
take it; which struck some Terror into those who made 
their Abode in those Places. The long Absence of the 
General from among us, began indeed to be sadly re- 
gretted by all good Men, under such melancholy Circum- 
stances as we now saw come upon us; whilst there were 
not wanting some, who were malicious enough to deride 
the Confidence we had of seeing Things better hereafter, 
and to ridicule all present Hopes of Relief from the 
General; who, they would persuade us to believe, had 
given over all farther Regard to Savannah, and reserved 
his Favours entirely for those whom he had his Eyes 
more immediately over in the South: This was the 
Handle at present made Use of to aggravate our Suffer- 
ings, and to create an Aversion (as far as in them lay) to 
every Thing that was to be done or expeAed in Time 
coming; which tho' I could in a great Measure say to 
myself as well as to them, was no more than what might 
be expedled from the Trustees, after such Provocation 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 286 

given; I could nevertheless not entertain the least i^ 
Thought, that their Resentment would blend the Inno- Febroniy 
cent with the Guilty, and suffer such as had been truly 
industrious, and deserving better, to share alike with the 
Idle and Lazy, who generally were the greatest Mischief- 
makers, and at all Times clamorous. 

Thursday. Rapine and Violence began now no longer 22 
to skulk, but appear bare faced in many Instances; 
a pretty remarkable one of which happened this Morn- 
ing, when Mr. Bradley took on himself, by his own Au- 
thority, to kill one of the largest Steers of the Trustees, 
that was in the Colony. The Pretence given out for it 
was, that his People wanted; that Mr. Jones did not sup- 
ply him; and that he could not see them starve: How 
far Mr. Jones had assisted him with Provisions, I could 
not tell, for I meddled not with what was doing at the 
Stores, except when Mr. Jones called on me and Mr. 
Parker for our Opinion in some Cases, perhaps doubtful 
a while since: But at present there was no Flesh, more 
than now and then that Necessity required killing a 
Steer, which was delivered out fresh in small Parcels, as 
seemed good; and Mr. Jones told me, that he had served 
Mr. Bradley fully up to the Proportion which the Gen- 
eral ordered; which if he had (as I am inclined to be- 
lieve) certainly this was one of the most audacious At- 
tempts yet heard of among us, that the Person appointed 
to inspedl and have a particular Regard to the Trustees 
Cattle, should be the first to lay unlawful Hands on 
them: But as I never knew yet how far his Power ex- 
tended, which he was apt to magnify greatly himself, I 
ought not to pass a too hasty Censure, especially when 
the General is in the Colony, before whom it will be- 
hove him to answer it: The House he lives in, must 
indeed create an Opinion in any Stranger, that whoever 
lives in it must be a Person of great Distindlion and Au- 
thority, being formed in proper Apartments for a Man of 
Quality, at the Expence of a pretty many (I had heard 



286 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

it variously computed from five to eight) hundred ^J^ 
Pounds. His being indiAed formerly for killing other ^^^^n 
Folks Cattle at my first coming on my present Service 
(the Trial whereof had been suspended) the continual 
Jars betwixt him and Mr. Causton; the flagrant and open 
perverting the Trust's Servants Labour, to his own and 
unwarrantable Uses, &c. &c. are Things I have so fre- 
quently touched on in my former Course of this Paper, 
that it IS not allowable here to dwell on the same again; 
especially as these Facts are such as Mr. Jones cannot 
miss making Report of also; but what he will have to 
Report concerning his Accounts, is best known to himself. 

Friday. Talking this Morning with Mr. Jones of di- ». 
vers Matters, wherein the Interest of the Trust was 
nearly concerned; among other Things, we touched again 
upon the State of their Cattle, which we had some Dis- 
course of Yesterday: And wheresoever we turned our 
Thoughts, it was too apparent that they lay exposed to 
great Loss. Such as Mr. Bradley reckoned under his 
immediate Care, I could not find any certain Number of, 
that he might account for; and the short List he gave 
me in January 1737-8 (whereof I transmitted Copy) was 
looked on by all, and even allowed by himself th'en, to 
be very imperfedl; but I do not see it amended since, 
though without Doubt it is altered much; for I have been 
informed by several, that he has brought up Cattle at 
sundry Times, which he has branded with a B, and turned 
out again, that probably the Letters G C would more 

rightly have been placed on. But such Suggestions 

are not to be immediately understood as Fadls, howso- 
ever strongly suspedled, till supported by plain Evidence. 
If we look towards the Cow-Pen at Ebenezer, and the 
Keeper of it, there also we are at the like Uncertainty; 
and have been ever since I was at that Place, so long ago 
as in June last Summer, as I then took Notice; when 
they had been ranging that Part of the Country, to bring 
in what they could find, but had yet then got together 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 287 

only one hundred and thirty out of one hundred and ij^ 
eighty which they looked for, besides thirty-five not yet Fei>niaiT 
delivered from Carolina, by those of whom they were 
purchased. Some Time the latter Part of the Summer 
last Year, there were a hundred Steers bought (or within 
one or two of it) from Carolina, and delivered at Savan- 
nah, which by Mr. Causton^s Appointment were delivered 
to the Care of Bailiff Parker to be kept on a Tradl of 
Land about ten Miles off, whereon he and Mr. Fallow- 
field, and Noble Jones have lately Settlements; and it 
almost forms an Island over the Isthmus, whereof a new 
Fence was made, which was thought sufficient to keep 
every Thing within it: Thither, therefore, those Cattle were 
driven, as in a Place of Safety; but being exceedingly 
wild, and not contented with all that Range (which was 
very large) they soon broke out; and tho' many Days 
have been spent at divers Times since by several People 
to get them together again, yet it is said they have not 
brought in much above Half of them, and the Remainder 
are dispersed widely, and still to be sought for; so that 
they must needs be subjedl to Depredations; and some 
of them are suspe<Sled (not improbably) to have rambled 
back by the Way they first came, and have taken the 
River to swim over to their native Place; as has been fre- 
quently known in other Cases. It is to be hoped, there- 
fore, that these Evils among many others will be prevented, 
as far as possible, for the future, by such Regulations as 
the General shall think proper to form, when he comes 
among us again; which was never so much wished for by 
all good Men, as now. 

Saturday. Five of the Steers that broke away from 24. 
their Company in our Parts, being picked up as far off 
as Old Ebenezer by the Cow-Pen Keeper there, whereof 
he lately gave Notice, and that they were so wild he could 
not insure the Keeping of them, nor undertake with 
Safety to drive them so far as Savannah: Under the great 
Necessities we found ourselves, it was thought a good 



288 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Expedient to get them for Food if we could, by getting ^J^ 
them driven a few Miles to Abercorne, where they might F«brn«r 
be slaughtered, and the Carcasses brought thence by 
Water: This being resolved on, Mr. Jones would send 
proper Orders thither by a Boat with needful Help to 
have it done. In the Afternoon Mr. Kellaway, who went 
to St. Simon's in the Boat that was dispatched the 14th 
with Letters, &c. returned in a Sloop that came thence 
without Land, and only informed me, that what Letters 
were wrote in Answer to those we sent, would come by 
the Return of the Boat, which we might expedl in a Day 
or two more: That the Carolina Gentlemen, bound for 
Augustin as before mentioned, were upon sailing thither 
from St. Simon's when he came away; and that the Gen- 
eral was also sending an OfBcer with them, with Letters 
from him to the Governor there: And upon their Return 
thence, that the General purposed to come and see us in 
a few Days. In the Evening the Keeper of our Prison 
came to acquaint me, that one of the Deserters under 
his Custody had just made his Escape; which was such a 
Negledl, as we knew not how to recover, it being now 
dark; but what Enquiry could be made, was immediately 
done, &c. 

Sunday. The ordinary Service performed as usual by a5. 
Mr. Norris, with a pretty full Congregation, considering 
how many among us totally abstained from our publick 
Worship; which Defect proceeded not from a particular 
Dislike to the Minister, whose Charadler they offered not 
to blemish; but the Ministry itself rather seemed to be 
set at nought by too many, partly such as being Prot- 
estants of a different Persuasion, disliked any Communion 
with our Church; and partly others, who made little Show 
of any Religion at all. This Reflexion, which may look 
a little severe, and which I make unwillingly; yet I think 
I ought not to pass over, in doing my Duty. Captain 
Steward, who had lain a long while at Tybee, after being 
ioaden with Lumber by Mr. Williams, sailed this Day for 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 289 

the West-Indies; as did also two or three other small I^tbq^ 
Vessels, for other Ports to the Northward. In the Even- rebraarj 
ing the Boat arrived, which we looked for from St. Si- 
mon's, and brought Letters from the General, signifying 
his Pleasure in divers Matters he had lately been made 
acquainted with, and leaving us Room to hope, that we 
should see him in a short Time. 

Monday. After all proper Precaution taken since Sat- ». 
urday Evening, by People patrolling different Ways, to 
prevent that Deserter's getting off, who made his Escape 
out of Prison, and no Intelligence yet to be had of him; 
divers idle People were taken up this Morning (such as 
we had any Sort of Suspicion of) and examined sepa- 
rately and stri<Slly by the Magistrates; and some kept in 
Custody in Hopes of getting Information by some Means 
or other; but yet all our Enquiry proved fruitless. Ed- 
ward Haines, that Boy-Servant of mine who was known 
to be such a notorious Villain, that be was committed to 
Prison in order for some future Punishment, and had lain 
there ever since the 14th Instant, Mr. Christie seeming 
inclined to make some Trial of, whether he could work 
any Good out of him or not, by taking him into the 
Country out of the Reach of his Acquaintance and Com- 
rades in Town, I very readily gave him Possession of 
him, to make the Experiment, finding it not safe for me 
that he should come any more under my Roof, or have 
any Communication with his Fellow-Servants: But I 
meant not to part with his Indenture, or the Property I 
have in him, expedling it might be possible for me in- 
some future Time to see such a Reformation wrought, as 
would induce me to think him worth having again. Thus 
having in some Sort got rid of two young Villains for a 
Season, who wearied me with their daily Practices, as 
they who were full grown did with their Stubbornness and 
Laziness, I was in the next Place to see, whether these 
latter were to be any Way reformed or not; which there 
appeared little Hopes of from two Thirds of them {vide 

19 o r— T 4 



J 



90 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

January 29.) This Evening hearing of a Boat going .to J7» 
the South, I wrote to the General, acquainting him with ^'ebroaiy 
some Things fit for him to know, and particularly of the 
late Escape of one of the Deserters. 

Tuesday. The first News I met with early in the 27. 
Morning, was of a Robbery committed at Mr. Kellaway's 
in the Night, by some Persons in Combination with a 
young Lad that is his Servant, who left the Window 
Shutter unfastened, which opens into Mr. Kellaway's 
Room that he lodges in ; whereby the Thief entered in 
the Evening, when he knew he was to be abroad at Sup- 
per; and breaking open a strong Chest, wherein were Ac- 
compt Books, some Sola Bills, a little Spanish Silver, 
Papers, and other Things of Value, he rumaged all over; 
but took nothing (as they yet discover) except the Silver 
in a little Bag, which had in it about fourteen or fifteen 
Ounces. When the Master came home to go to Bed, 
finding how Matters were in that Disorder; upon calling 
his Servant to Account, and using some Severity; he con- 
fessed so far, that a run-away Servant, who went from 
his Master about three Weeks since, whom he robbed of 
some Money, and had skulked about Town at Nights, 
after lying concealed all Day, was the Author of this Vil- 
lany; whereupon all possible that could be now thought 
on, was done to take him, and Parties sent every Way in 
Search after him : But our Care proved ineffectual this 
Day, and we had only Hopes of better Success another. 
Whilst these Matters were under Examination, a Person 
came to Town with two other Servants, who were newly 
run also from their Service; one of which happened to 
belong to me; and (it seems) he went off from the Plan- 
tation Yesterday Morning, but after a Day's March, hap- 
pened to fall accidentally in this Man's Way, who was 
ranging after Cattle; and soon after he met also with the 
other (for they went not off in Concert) who was a Ger- 
man that came lately with Captain Thompson, and was 
disposed of to Mr. Norris our Minister, where he might 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 291 

have lived very easy; but the Plague of idle and roguish naa. 
Servants was grown universal. These two were commit- rebniary 
ted to the Log-House, in order for some Correction; and 
Mr. Kellaway's Boy sent thither for Felony: But it was 
expedled that some Inducement might yet be found, to 
make that Boy confess more than he had yet done; for it 
was generally believed, that our vile Rum-Houses where 
so much Mischief was conceived, had brought forth a 
Gang of mature Villains fit to attempt any Wickedness. 

Wednesday. Nothing memorable passed this Day. ». 
Pursuit was continued close after the House-breaker, and 
also the Deserter; the former of which had near fallen 
into their Hands, but narrowly escaped (it was hoped 
only for a short Time;) and the other having been met by 
a Person who knew nothing of him, or his Crimes, on the 
Path-Way to Ebenezer, a Horseman was dispatched after 
him, who probably might come up with him before he got 
to the Ferry of Palachocolas; and if he attempted to 
cross the River there, we had but little Doubt but that 
the Commander of the Fort would stop him. 

Thursday. The Disorders that increased almost daily March 
among us now, of various Kinds, occasioned great Per- 
plexity, seeming to bid Defiance to all Authority: Divers 
of our Freeholders (more particularly some who thought 
themselves above the vulgar Rank, and were pretty con- 
stant Frequenters of the nightly Club, which consisted 
mostly of North Britons, as they also were) refused to 
do any Guard-Duty, alledging, that as there were several 
Freeholders gone, the Number that mounted nightly was 
not sufficient, and that would occasion more frequent Serv- 
ice from such as remained; moreover, that as there was 
no Powder in the Store, but what was damaged and unfit 
to use, they thought it ridiculing the Service, to mount 
with Firelocks, and nothing to load them; and to lay their 
Arms by, and to take up a long Staff like a Watchman, 
was what they would not submit to; for that they adled 



292 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

as in the Militia, and not in any other Capacity: Where- itw. 
upon, taking this Affair into serious Consideration, the ^»^^ 
Magistrates thought it most advisable to let it pass at 
present, as a Matter they had not immediate Notice of, 
rather than levy any Penalty on the Recusants, as it had 
been pradlised, lest it might produce some ill Conse- 
quence at this Jundlure; and though there might not be a 
full Guard for a few Nights, the Approach of the General 
was now believed to be so sure, that we might expedl to 
see a perfedl Regulation made by him, before such 
Things were too far grown to a Head. 

Friday. A German Servant who was committed to 2. 
the Log-House, was found dead there this Morning; 
which may need a little Explanation here, of some Cir- 
cumstances attending it. The Man had once been a 
Servant under Mr. Causton, with whom he voluntary 
indented, on Condition of Mr. Causton's paying for his 
and his Family's Passage, rather than make himself liable 
to be sold by the Captain, to one whom he could not ex- 
pedl so good Usage from. The Fellow nevertheless left 
Mr. Causton's Service, without his Leave, or any just 
Cause, as his Master says (which is not material here) 
and in several Months could never be persuaded by fair 
Means to return to Ockstead; but liked better to nest in 
an old-deserted Hut in the Out-Part of the Town, as 
some others of his Countrymen did; and these having 
Arms, were some of the Folks particularly aimed at in 
the late Order of Court against Servants carrying Arms; 
by which it was visible these disorderly People lived; and 
under Pretence of shooting Deer, frequently destroyed 
other Mens Property in Cattle, &c. neither were any 
Threats available to deter them from these Pradlices. ' 
This Fellow happened to be espied Yesterday with a Gun 
on his Shoulder, in the Street openly, by his Master, who 
was walking at that Time in Company with Mr. Parker, 
our first Magistrate, and they both called him to come to 
them; but be walked off, without taking any Notice of 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 293 

one or the other (the certain Index of that incurable nw. 
Stubbornness which generally prevails among them.) Ma^h 
Mr. Parker, therefore, sent the Constable Mr. Fallowfield, 
to follow him, and take his Arms away; pursuant to 
which he went, taking one or two with him to assist; but 
the Fellow resisting and struggling, and by clubbing his 
Piece, attempting to knock down any of them who stood 
most in Opposition, some Blows passed, and he was car- 
ried before the Magistrate, who committed him for re- 
sisting the Constable, &c. Upon his Death the Coroner's 
Inquestsat on the Body, and examined several Witnesses 
who saw what passed; as also an able Surgeon was called, 
to give his Opinion touching the Blows he received, 
which it seems were given by the Constable with the 
Handle of a small Whip, so that no Sort of Mark ap- 
peared, either on the Head or Body, of any Wound which 
might occasion his Death; and the Posture the Body lay 
in, when found dead, being flat on his Face, and a great 
Effusion by Vomiting also appearing, it was judged a 
Suffocation; and the Jury's Verdift was Accidental Death. 

Saturday. Most Part of this Day was taken up by e. 
looking into what my People were doing at the Lot, and 
what Forwardness they were in for planting; where I 
found we went on at the same Rate they had done for a 
while past, and small Hopes left me of seeing such 
Things brought to pass, as I had set my heart so much 
upon. In the Evening arrived Lieutenant Colonel Cock- 
ran from the South, under the Condudl of Lieutenant 
Dunbar, with two private Centinels to attend him, as un- 
der an Arrest: The Occasion of which, was a Quarrel 
betwixt the Lieutenant Colonel, and Captain McKay, that 
had inwardly subsisted betwixt them for some Months 
past, but was stifled a while. A Court-Martial was called 
to decide the Controversy, &c. which is by no Means 
proper for me to make any Remarks on, being at so great 
a Distance, and consequently liable to Mistakes from the 
Relaters: And now of late the former Animosity broke 



294 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

out again afresh, and was so visibly dangerous, that they n». 
were both secured, by Order from the General, from see- ^Y**^ 
ing each other, which could not be (it was believed) with- 
out fatal Consequence. Colonel Cockran, from a former 
Acquaintance I had with him in England, which was re- 
newed with Pleasure, when he landed with Part of the 
Regiment in this Country last May, was pleased to come 
of his own Accord, and take up his Quarters at my little 
House, for the few Days that he told me he was to stay, 
being bound for England by the Way of Charles-Town: 
I bade him welcome to what Reception I could give him, 
and Lieutenant Dunbar took Care to place a Centinel at 
the Door, for a continual Guard upon him. 

Sunday. The common publick Service of the Church 4. 
was duly observed by Mr. Norris; and his Hearers wanted 
not good DoArine to improve by. In the Afternoon ar- 
rived Captain Hugh McKay from the South, in like 
Manner as Colonel Cockran did Yesterday, and with the 
like Attendants for his Guard, taking up his Quarters at 
a publick House, with a Centinel at the Door, under the 
Command of Hugh McKay, Adjutant. 

Monday. Our General, after long Time being expe<5led, j. 
arrived about Noon; and came so suddenly upon us (as 
he seemed to intend) that very few were ready on the 
Bluff to receive him at his Landing. 

Tuesday, \ During these Days of the General's e. 

Wednesday, I Continuance among us, my Duty re- 7. 
Thursday, v quiring constant Attendance on him, •• 
Friday, I to receive his Commands, and inform •• 

Saturday. / him in whatever he was pleased to ^^ 
enquire of me (which I did with Pleasure, so far as I 
was capable of) it was hardly practicable to keep an ex- 
a<5l Diary of all that Variety of Matter which each Day 
produced: But some of the most remarkable Occurrences 
ought not to be passed over without Notice. Among 



J 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 296 

which it a little surprised me at the Conference one i^w. 
Evening held betwixt Messieurs Jones and Causton, in ^Arch 
Presence of the General, by his Allowance; when all ^ 
Heat and Passion being on each Side restrained, it did s. 
not appear so plainly as I expe<5ted^ that Mr. Jones was 9. 
yet got so far into the Discovery of Fa<5ls evidently 10. 
culpable, as was given out: At leastwise Mr. Causton's 
Replies wanted not a plaudible Show of Defence; inso- 
much that he complained of his being calumniated 
grievously by so many heavy Things publickly talked 
of, as laid to his Charge; which he said were never yet 
made out, nor could ever be; and insisted more particu- 
larly on his Innocence, and the Injury done him, in pub* 
lishing to the world, that he intended to fly the Colony; 
which he never had the least Thought of, nor was there 
any other Foundation for, than a bare Jealousy in Mr. 
Jones, supported only by false Whispers of those who 
were his professed Enemies. After a pretty deal of 
time spent in Controversy of this Kind, the General at 
parting recommended all possible Dispatch in that Affair; 
wherein the Truth would soonest be come at, by a tem- 
perate Enquiry on one Side, and on the other nothing 
would sooner make Innocence appear, than in contribut- 
ing all that possibly could be, to remove whatever ob- 
stru<5led such Enquiry: Which undoubtedly was with 
just Discernment pointed at each separately. Time yet 
to come may reveal what now lies hid, if any such 
Works of Darkness are so concealed, wherein the World 
judges very injuriously of Mr. Causton, if he comes off 
blameless: And Mr. Bradley also must have more to say 
than is at present known, if he can justify himself 
throughout his whole Condu<5l, in creating an Expence, 

which appears hitherto so exorbitant. But I fear 

meddling in Matters beyond my Reach. 

Captain McKay went off on Wednesday, and Colonel 
Cockran on Friday Morning, for Charles-Town, each 
under the same Appointment and Guard which brought 
them hither: And here I am obliged to follow Truth, 



296 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

which I shall do with the utmost StriAness in relating an yj^ 
Affair, wherein my Son is unluckily become a Party, and Mftrch 

has incurred some Censure unaware. The Case was ^ 

literally thus: Colonel Cockran, on his landing at Savan- s. 
nah last Summer, brought with him large Stores of vari- 9. 
ous Kinds for the Use of the Regiment, which he lodged 10. 
in several Houses, under the Care of different Persons 
whom he appointed; and a large Quantity of Wine, viz. 
twenty-seven Pipes of Red, for the Use of the Regiment, 
and above forty of White, as his own for Sale: All 
which Wines were lodged in a Cellar under the great 
House that Mr. Bradley lives in, being very capacious, 
and the only fit Place for preserving them against the 
Heat of Summer, in the whole Town: After being so dis- 
posed of, the Colonel was induced, from the Knowledge 
he had of my Son in England, to commit the Care of 
these Wines to him; but all other Kind of Stores he had 
nothing to do with, neither indeed was it fit that he 
should; this Charge being sufficient (as it proved after- 
wards) to take up more of his Time than he foresaw; 
which added to the continual Fatigue he gave himself in 
carrying on the necessary Work in the Field, and at 
home, that brought him hither, I was apprehensive would 
overcome him. The Colonel, from the Time he went 
hence to the South in August last, never had been here 
since, till now: And whatever Wines belonging to the 
Regiment have at any Time been delivered out by my 
Son, to be carried South, it has always been done by an 
Order diredled to him, from Mr. Wanscll the Quarter- 
Master to the Regiment: The other Wines have been 
variously disposed of by Sale, &c. to different Places and 
Persons, as my Son was from Time to Time advised from 
the Colonel: And I do not find any Imputation of Blame 
upon him for Negle<5l, either in not keeping a regular 
and exaft Account of the Whole, or by suffering the 
Wines to come to any Damage thro' Want of filling up, 
Cooperidge, &c. wherein he was so assiduous, that not- 
withstanding the Inclemency of the Season, the Waste 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 297 

was inconsiderable, and far less than looked for. As to ^i^ 
my own Part, I never in the least concerned myself about Maroh 
any of those Matters, nor was three Times in the Cellar ^^ 

during all the Time thfey were transafted. This be- g. 

ing premised, it is Time to say what ensued. The Colonel 9. 
willing to gratify my Son, for the Care and Pains he had 10. 
taken, made him a Present on Friday Morning of a Note 
that was understood from the Contents of it to be to the 

Value of about 9 /. which it is to be hoped was not 

extravagant: But instead of a Recompence, it unhappily 
proved an Occasion of drawing the General's Displeasure 
on him. The Note (or Order) was from Mr. Wansell 
the Quarter-Master, upon a Person who had the Custody 
of the Stores before-mentioned, to deliver to Colonel 
Cockran, or his Order, a certain Quantity of Oil and 
other Species of Provisions (amounting as near as can 
be estimated to the above mentioned Value) which Order 
Colonel Cockran endorsed, and gave to my Son, just 
on taking his Leave of him, without my Privity or Knowl- 
edge, and he far from imagining any Thing in it unwar- 
rantable; forasmuch as he understood it to be what the 
Colonel had a Right to, out of the Savings of those 
Provisions brought with them when they came; and 
moreover being informed, that the Keeper of those 
Stores remaining, had Directions from Mr. Wansell to 
deliver what was in his Custody to Mr. Francis Moor, 
after this Note of Colonel Cockran's was first answered; 
my Son made no Scruple of tendering it, and was much 
surprised'at its being refused: From whence concluding, 
that upon Colonel Cockran's being now gone oflE out of 
the Way of justifying his own Note, he was likely to be 
defeated in receiving what was intended, by some Juggle 
or other; he then applied himself to one of the Magis- 
trates, and got a Summons to have the Matter discussed 
as a civil A<5lion: About which Time it came to my Ears, 
who till then knew nothing of what was done; and 
though I could not help thinking with myself that my 
Son had an honest and fair Pretence to what he de< 



298 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

manded; yet I was doubtful lest his proceeding too has- ^i^ 
tily in that Manner might be misconstrued: Wherefore I ^^^^ 
sought him earnestly, and persuaded him to lay aside all ^^ 
farther Thoughts of it, whether ever he gol^any Thing or g. 
not; since if it was obtained, it must be with so much ». 
Difficulty: Upon which he readily acquiesced, and I i^ 
thought there was no Harm done. But some over-busy 
Person or other, had at the same Time so misrepresented 
it to the General, that the next Morning on my waiting 
on him, he told me what he had heard, and ordered me 
to send for my Son: Who, upon the General's examining 
him on the several before-mentiened Particulars, with 
due Deference freely acquainted him, with every the most 
minute Passage relating to it; and being not conscious 
of any base A<5lion, appeared under no Terror of Guilt: 
But the General rebuking him, gave him to understand, 
that attempting to embezzle the King's Stores, was of a 
criminal and felonious Nature, for which he deserved to 
be sent home to England, and there to answer it; but in 
Tenderness (he said) to me and my Family, he was 
pleased to pass it over; and so dismissed him. My Son, 
however, shocked at the Imputation of so vile an A<51, 
cannot be dissuaded from appealing to all Mankind, what 
Probability there was of his evil Intention in what he 
did, from the Circumstances before related; and he will 
admit of no other Transgression, than his being too rash 
in applying to the Magistrate for a Remedy; which never- 
theless he is humbly of Opinion in itself must acquit 
him of designing any Thing that he was not willing to 
show his Face to; and as for the rest, he must leave it 
to Colonel Cockran how to vindicate an A<5t which was 
entirely his own. On Saturday Evening, betwixt Seven 
and Eight a Clock, the General left us, and made his 
Way by Water to Port-Royal; where at Fort Frederick^ 
near Beaufort Town, one Company of his Regiment kept 
Garrison in Barracks; and from thence he purposed to 
visit Charles-Town, where he had not been since his Arri- 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 299 

val in those Parts last from England: He was pleased to itso- 

signify to us his Intention of returning to Savannah in a March 
Fortnight or three Weeks; and it is to be presumed with- 7. 
out all Doubt, that he left such Orders with Mr. Jones as f 
he would have observed during his Absence. lo. 

Sunday. The publick Service of the Day was ob- ii. 

served. A Sloop from New York with Provisions, 

Tingley Master, lying in vain for a Market here, and 
therefore preparing to sail for St. Simon's, I put the two 
Deserter's on board her, by the General's Order, which 
had been some Time in Custody with us; but the third 
who made his Escape, we could yet get no Hold of. A 
very hard Wind blew most Part of the Day, such as I 
hardly had seen the like since I knew the Country. 

Monday. The Villain who committed the Robbery on w. 
Mr. Kellaway {vide 27th ult.) and in Spite of all our En- 
deavours still escaped the Hands of Justice (though we 
had frequently sufficient Grounds to believe he skulked 
near the Town,. and divers others to be aiding and assist- 
ing him) made a fresh daring Attempt last Night on Mr. 
Christie's Plantation, about two Miles out of Town, with 
Design to break open the Hut by Force; but being acci- 
dentally discovered, they stood upon their Guard with 
Weapons, &c. and as soon as Advice of it came to Town, 
proper Assistance was sent; before which, the Rogue was 
fled; and a Servant of Mr. Christie^s. who had formerly 
been a Fellow- Servant with him under another Master, 
being upon Suspicion, and found to faulter in several 
Questions put to him; moreover it being provided that he 
had publickly declared he would never betray his Coun- 
try (for they were both Irish) it was thought proper to 
keep him in safe Custody, for a farther Examination; and 
though every Thing was done that we could think of to 
take the Thief, and some neighbouring Indians whom we 
sent for,- came to assist us by Tracing (which they are 
very skilful at) yet we could make nothing of it this Day. 



300 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Such audacious Crimes gave Occasion to some Doubt ^i^ 
arising, lest any other Rogues among us should be des- Mwpch 
perate enough to join such a Villain, and form a Sort of 
Banditti, which might bid Defiance to any ordinary Pur- 
suers. Finding now a little Leisure, I began writing Let- 
ters to England. 

Tuesday. No Good to be done yet in Search of this i». 
Robber. Last Night and this Morning a very severe 
Frost happened thus late in the Spring, which having 
brought all tender Plants very forward, by the warm 
Weather of a Month preceding, it gave us Pain lest we 
should see many valuable Things cut ofif again. 

Wednesday. An exceeding violent Rain held the u 
whole Day, wherein my chief Employment was prepar- 
ing a Packet for England; but uncertain when or how to 
send it to Charles-Town, under no present Appearance of 
any certain Conveyance. The great Vicissitude of Ex- 
treams in the Weather, during three or four Days past, 
was a Matter, perhaps, not unworthy Observation among 
the Curious. 

Thursday. Some of our best Rangers in the Woods ^' 
having several Times of late been in Quest of Cattle, 
and returned with but little Success; this Day they 
brought home a large Drove of a mixt Kind of Cows, 
Calves, young Bullocks, and well-grown Steers; apper- 
taining partly to different Owners in the Town and 
Neighbourhood, and partly to the Trust: Whereupon, at 
a Consultation where Mr. Jones was present, it was pro- 
posed by some, that in Consideration of the great Ex- 
tremity that People were now come to, and no View of 
any Supplies at the Stores it would be absolutely neces- 
sary to kill ten or twelve of them, which might be salted 
and barrelled up, to be delivered out as the Store-Keeper 
judged most agreeable to what Instructions he had re- 
ceived: Which Proposition being approved of by Mr. 
Jones, he ordered it to be done. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 301 

Friday. Finding myself under some Indisposition ^i7»^ 
more than ordinary, I submitted to sit still at home; and March 
nothing particular calling me into the Publick, I passed 
this Day over in a little Indolence. 

Saturday. Divers of the German Servants having i7. 
again combined to be troublesome, and signed a Paper 
which was delivered to the General when here, complain- 
ing of being hardly dealt with, in not having either Cloaths 
or Provisions given them, which was their Due; which Paper 
the General ordered striift Enquiry to be made into the 
Truth of: The Magistrates and Mr. Jones met at my 
House this Morning, and the Complainants being sent for, 
appeared, to make good the Complaint: Which they 
were so far from doing, that it appeared fully they had 
received such Cloathing, both Linen and Woollen, as was 
fit and needful; and as for Provision, they had often re- 
ceived it for a whole Week, and not struck one Stroke of 
Work: Even at the very Time their Complaint was dated, 
they had a Fortnight's Provision delivered, and nothing 
done; so that it plainly appearing they had endeavoured 
to impose on the General, and that they were daily grow- 
ing more and more mutinous; four of the Ringleaders 
were picked out, and sent to the Log-House, there to ex- 
pedl the Consequence on the General's Return. 

Sunday. Mr. Norris officiated as his Duty required, is. 
and administered the Holy Sacrament to such as were 
well disposed. 

Monday. In Conference with Mr. Jones he showed w. 
me a Paper delivered him from Mr. Bradley, in which 
were set down the several Particulars he demanded for 
the Maintenance of his People for a Quarter of a Year to 
come; which amounted (as Mr. Jones computed) to near 
90/. Which asking my Opinion of, I was silent, not 
knowing what to say. Most lamentable News came to 
Town, of a Pcttyagua being cast away in Delfuska Sound, 



302 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

on her Way hither, with many Soldiers, &c. intended by ™^ 
the General's Appointment to keep Garison at Fort Au- ^jrch 
gusta; and that Sixteen Souls were lost; the whole Truth 
and Circumstances of which sad Story, we must wait to 
come at the Knowledge of, till the Return of the Boat 
which we were now sending off, to bring away those few 
Persons and Goods that were saved from the Wreck. 

Tuesday. The German Servants that were under Com- ». 
mitment, now grown sensible they mistook attaining their 
Ends, began to show much Penitence, and sought what 
Friends they could make to solicit their Enlargement* 
and obtain Pardon; which full Information being given 
of, it was considered, whether under the Terror they were 
at present, and such Promises as they made of their fu- 
ture good Behaviour, it would not be better to show 
some farther Lenity, and once more try how far they 
meant well; than by rigorous corporal Punishment prob- 
ably make them more hardened in their Stubbornness, 
and even desperate: This Opinion prevailing, they were 
three of them discharged out of Prison, with proper 
Threats of what would ensue, if they did not perform 
their Duty, &c. Only one who seemed more daring than 
the others, was detained still in Custody, to see how long 
the sullen Mood would hold him, and whether or no he 
would drive the Magistrates to a Necessity of showing 
what E£fe<5l Whipping would produce. 

Wednesday. The Boat returning, which was sent si. 
down to the Wreck on Monday, brought a Gentleman, 
whose name is Shenton, from thence; who being a Sort 
of Cadet attending the Army, and waiting in Expecta- 
tion of Preferment from the General, was employed in 
this Expedition with the Soldiers from Port-Royal, and 
narrowly escaped with a few others, from being drowned 
as the rest were; so that the Story, as we had it genuine 
from him, was thus: A Detachment being made by Order 
of the General, of twelve private Men, with one Serjeant 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 303 

and one Corporal, under the Command of a subaltern nw^ 
Commission-Officer from the Fort at Port-Royal, to go March 
and keep Garison at Augusta, they set out in a Petty- 
agua, which also carried all necessary Stores of every 
Kind along with them: But after they had passed the 
Waters within Land, and came to Delfuska Sound, which 
is a wide Inlet of the Sea at the Mouth of Savannah 
River, the Wind rising upon them, and the Sea running 
high, they found themselves at a Loss for Want of a 
Patroon to govern the Vessel, who understood it better 
than him they had: By which Means they run upon the 
Flats, and the Vessel falling in Pieces, tho' they were 
near enough to the shore to* have got to it, had the 
Weather favoured; no less than sixteen perished in the 
Waves, viz. seven private Soldiers, together with a Cor- 
poral, a Serjeant, and a subaltern Commission-Officer, 
whose Name was Kitson (who was a Gentleman of a good 
Chara<5ler, and looked on as a sober, discreet Man, well 
qualified for the Post he was to have taken upon him:) 
The other six lost, were three Soldiers Wives, a Youth of 
about Fifteen (very promising, whose Father was the 
Serjeant before named lost) and the two Negroes who 
belonged to the Petty agua were also lost: Five of the 
Soldiers and the Patroon, together with Shenton (the 
Relator) by good Luck made shift to get ashore alive. 

Thursday. Mr. Shenton designing with as little Loss 22. 
of Time as possible, to make his Way to Charles-Town, 
that he might give the General full Information there of 
this unhappy Accident, resolved to take his Journey by 
Land; and sending his Horse Part of the Way on the 
Georgia Side of the River, he purposed to take a Boat 
which might carry him that Length; where mounting he 
would proceed, and cross the Water by Ferry at Palacho- 
colas, &c. This being the first Opportunity I had met 
with, of sending my Packet for England, dated ever 
since the 12th Instant, I laid hold of it, entrusting it with 
him as a safe Hand, and giving him Instructions what to 



304 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

do with it when he came to Charles-Town; and by him I ^w^ 
also sent Letters to the General and others. Mr. Bradley March 
having given it out for same Days past, that the General 
expeAed him at Charles-Town, thought it a proper Oc- 
casion now to have such Company; and so he prepared 
his Matters to go in the same Manner with Shenton, taking 
the first of the next Tide, which would be in the Night: 
But whether the General expe<5led him or not, or for 
what Purpose, I found nobody that could tell. 

Friday. Mr. Brownfield returning to Town last Night, a. 
after having been several Weeks in the South, at Fred- 
erica, Darien, and elsewhere, negotiating Business with 
divers whom he served in various Sorts of Goods; know- 
ing him to be a Man that would naturally fall into some 
Discourse among those he kept Company with there, 
concerning the Controversy of late so much in Vogue 
among us, about the Tenure of Lands, Negroes, &c. I 
engaged him to take Breakfast with me, that I might 
hear what News he brought; and the rather because he 
was one of those who had signed the late Representation 
from Savannah. He appeared open and free in what 
Talk we had, relating as well to what had happened here, 
as there; professing solemnly, that he never advised, nor 
had any Hand in forming or contriving that which went 
from hence; nor did he ever see it before it was shown 
him at the Time when he signed it, which he saw many 
had done before him; and as it was perfeAly agreeable to 
his own Sentiments, which he had always owned openly, 
he readily put his Hand to it, believing, from his Heart, 
that unless such, or some other Expedient were made 
Use of in Favour of the Settlers here, the Colony could 
never flourish; which no one wished better to than him- 
self; and was far from thinking the honourable Trustees 
would resent it as an Indignity offered them; what was 
in itself no more than an humble Petition which every 
free-born Subje<5l of England had a Right to offer, 
whether ever it were granted or not: But as for all the 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 306 

vain, idle Discourses arising from it, and the Bouncing ^^^ 
made Use of by two or three Men principally, he utterly ^^^ 
condemned it; and never did, nor never would, associate 
with such Hot-heads. I told him I was pretty sure, that 
I knew divers of the inferior Rank of People, who, were 
it to be done again, would not do it, and had no other 
Reason for having done it, than seeing so many Names 
to it before; which he said he could easily believe, for 
the like Instance might be found in the South, where a 
counter Petition was carried on lately, being the very 
Reverse of what was framed here; and which at first was 
set a Foot by two or three only, but afterwards carried 
on openly by Numbers; divers of whom since wished 
they had not been persuaded to it; which I understood 
he spoke with a Sneer. Upon asking him how Planting 
went forward in those Parts; he said, that at Frederica 
he was of Opinion little was to be expedled, though most 
of them were doing somewhat in that Way; but the Gen- 
erality of such as did, aimed at such small Parcels, per- 
haps an Acre or the like, that the Produce could not be 
great: But at Darien he thought they seemed more in 
earnest, and most of them had the like View with one 
another. These Things I thought with myself might 
probably fall within the Compass of my Enquiry here- 
after, when the Crop would be visible. 

Saturday. I thought it would as well behove me to 24. 
look a little, when I could spare Time, after my own Im- 
provements, as to be informing myself about others 
(which I did very often) and this Day I spent good Part 
of among my own People, whom I seldom visited, but 
came away disturbed in my Mind. 

Sunday. The publick Duty of the Day was regularly 26. 
observed. 

Monday. Some more evident Marks appearing of ». 
Cattle being newly killed in the neighbouring Woods; it 

20 o r— to) 4 



306 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

was thought proper to send out several Officers with a ^i7»^ 
search Warrant, and that they should make close Pursuit ^JJJ^*^ 
immediately, to discover what possibly they could; going 
different Ways at the same Time, the better to surprise 
such as were concerned in the Fadl. This happened to 
succeed better than some Attempts of the like Nature 
had done before; for they found the Flesh of a young 
Bullock cut in Pieces, and stowed away in a private 
Place, which a Fellow had the Custody of, who was soon 
wrought upon to confess the Fa<5l to be his, and that 
another Fellow was his Accomplice, whom he named, 
and they soon after laid hold of also. Upon the Exami- 
nation it appeared, that the Beast was the Property of 
Bailiff Parker, who had been unfortunate divers Times 
in losing several after the same Manner; and the two 
Thieves were young Rogues, not twenty Years of Age, 
but indented Servants that had a Year or more to serve: 
They acknowledged that they did not want Provisions 
from their Masters, sufficient; but they were tempted to 
this from a Desire of fresh Meat. They were committed 
to Prison, in order to take their Trials in due Time. 

Tuesday, ) Planting now being in high Season, % . 

Wednesday. f tho' in low Esteem by too many; all 8 
who had due Regard to it, gave proper Attention; and 
finding no Avocation worth heeding, I stuck principally 
to that Work, with what Strength I had: And all that I 
learnt of what passed in Town, was a continual Bickering 
betwixt Mess. Causton and Jones; wherein it was hard 
for Bystanders to judge, whether or not too much Arti- 
fice and Cunning was made Use of to conceal Matters on 
one Side; which on the other might be too rashly con- 
demned, in very severe Terms, possibly before thoroughly 
understood. 

Thursday. Mr. Causton called on me this Morning, ». 
bringing with l\im a large Parcel of Papers, Accounts, 
&c. which be told me he had been preparing to send to 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 307 

the Trust; from whence having Orders some Months since nw^ 
to transmit what he wrote under my Cover, he desired March 
now to do so; and desired withal, that I would put my 
Seal on them before him: In Answer to which I said, 
that I was ready to do so; but wished I had done it at 
the same Time that I sent oS my own last Packet, which 
was but a Week since; and now on so short Warning I 
could write little or nothing of it (for he was sending it 
by a Friend of his just then going off for Charles-Town, 
who was to put it safe on board the first Ship bound for 
England) wherefore I only wrote a short Letter and the 
Occasion of it, to Mr. Verelst; and after sealing up the 
Packet, delivered it to his Friend to take Care of; which 
was Mr. Hugh Anderson, who among several others, was 
going (he said) to make some Experiment what he could 
do in Carolina, for he could no longer subsist where he was, 
as Things stood at present; but as soon as he saw any 
ProspeA of better Things in Georgia, he should be will- 
ing and ready to return to it, and try his Fortune again. 
Savannah began indeed now to grow thinner of People 
apace; nevertheless it was apparent, that the Generality 
of those who went off, were either such as being one Size 
above the lowest Rank of People had formed wrong No- 
tions to themselves of growing wealthy a little sooner 
than the ordinary Circumstances of a new-founded Col- 
ony will readily admit of; or else they were People really 
of no Value for promoting the publick Welfare by their 
Industry and honest Labour: There yet remained (and 
were likely to continue) a small Body of Reserve, who 
minded their own Business quietly, and kept the beaten 
Path, without swerving; though divers of them (I write it 
with Concern) to my Knowledge fared very hard. 

Friday. One of my Servants, not discouraged at the 
late Attempts of some of his Fellows in vain to run away, 
whom he, saw brought back again; resolved to try 
what Luck he could have; and accordingly went off this 
Morning, in Company with another who belonged to a 



308 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Neighbour: As it happened that I had not a more worth- nw^ 
lest one among them all; and for any Good that ever I ^^^^f^ 
could expe(5l from him, concluded, that be were better 
lost than found; I took little Notice of it, only made 
Show of using such Means as were usually taken in the 
like Case; that for Example's Sake he might possibly 
meet with his Reward, if taken again. What spare Time 
I bad, was chiefly employed among them, resolving since 
they had put it out of my Power to cultivate such a 
Quantity of Land as I promised myself should be done, 
what they did should be after the best Manner; and my 
Son generally followed them pretty closely. 

Saturday. Intelligence being brought us, that the n- 
Corpse of Mr. Kitson (the Officer lately so unhappily 
lost, among others) was thrown ashore by the Tide, near 
the Place where he was drowned; Mr. Jones took a Boat 
with proper Hands to go and find it. A Sloop belong- 
ing to Captain Davis arrived here from St. Augustin, 
with the usual Traffick of that Place; but as a Cargo of 
that Kind was not likely to sell here, where the Neces- 
saries of Life, which were frequently offered us from the 
Northern Provinces, could not be bought; her next Move- 
ment would probably be to Charles-Town for a Market. 
Mr. Williams had a Sloop likewise come in this Day from 
St. Christopher's, with Molasses and many useful Com- 
modities, none of which could be come at by us; but the 
Owners expedling to find a readier Market at St. Simon's, 
intended to send her thither. It was observable, that 
during this Time of Trial, when so many People were 
gone, and going off, some of whom were driven away 
through Necessity, and others without so good a Reason 
left us; there seemed to be a Show of future Trade ex- 
pedled to be carried on at Savannah, maugre all Dis- 
couragement so much complained of: For Instance, 
Mr. Kellaway having the Grant from the General lately 
of one of the Lots hitherto reserved, fronting the River, 
has already set up a large Store-House, and purposes a 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 309 

Dwelling-House also: Captain Davis (I am informed) i7Ǥ. 
has the Grant of another Lot, next to Mr. Kellaway's, March 
where he says he will immediately do the like (and very 
probably much more) being reputed a wealthy Man, and 
makes Show of a Fondness of the Place; The next Lot ad- 
joining, which has generally been looked on as intended for 
Mr. Montaigut, it is now said he is determined forthwith 
to build both Dwelling and Ware-houses on: Mr. Provost 
some Months since built a large Warehouse on his Lot 
(formerly Hughes's:) Mr. Brownfield keeps a large 
Warehouse well provided with many useful Commodities 
from England: and Mr. Woodrooffe (bred a Haberdasher 
of small Wares) deals much in the same Way here as in 
London, keeping a Shop well furnished with Variety. 
Mr. Williams hitherto has had Vessels frequently coming 
here, which he has freighted with Lumber for the West 
Indies; but now seems to give off farther Thoughts of it, 
intending (he says) to leave his Plantation also, and go 
soon for England, waiting the Event of the late Represen- 
tation which he had such a Hand in. Thus in the mer- 
cantile Way, we see enough ready to turn Adventurers : 
Happy were it, could we also find the like Disposition 
for cultivating Land. But what can be said of that? 

Sunday. The publick Service was performed as usual; April 
and I could not help making one Remark: That not- 
withstanding a considerable Number of People have for- 
saken the Town within the few Months past, the Con- 
gregation does not appear to be lessened: From whence 
it is evident, that whatever Service they might have been 
of» had they staid, the Cause of Religion (it is to be hoped) 
will suffer little by their going hence. 

Monday. Mr. Jones returned to Town, after having 2. 
found the Corpse he went to seek, and buried it as de- 
cenily as the present Circumstances would admit of. 
Mr. Williams, with his Sloop and Cargo, sailed for St. 
Simon's. Mr. Causton taking Occasion to have some 



810 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Confabulation with me, complained heavily of the Treat- nm 
ment he continued to meet with from Mr. Jones, who ^^ 
(he said) bespattered him daily with opprobrious Stories 
given out, and laying most scandalous Things to his 
Charge, which he defied him to maintain: And putting a 
different Air from what he had done of late, he plainly 
told me, that he was resolved no longer to sit still and 
bear it: but would seek for proper Reparation for Dam- 
age he sustained, in having his Character so vilified. 



Tuesday, 1 What Time I could well spare from s. 

Wednesday, > attending Plantation Work (which at *. 

Thursday. ) this Jundlure I was most urgent in) I ^ 
found myself obliged to bestow good Part of, in listen- 
ing to the alternate, daily, hard Speeches uttered by 
Mess. Causton and Jones against each other; wherein 
they appeared now to lay aside all Restraint; and some- 
times threw out foul Language mutually Face to Face, 
as well as Reproaches, when their Backs were turned, 
concerning what one knew of the other's Employment,, 
and former Course of Life; which was generally told 
with such Bitterness on both Sides, that it was sufficient 
to create an utter Contempt among such as had already 
a great Regard for neither. At this Time a fresh Cause 
of Contention had arisen between them about some Mul- 
berry-Leaves, which may not improperly be taken No- 
tice of. Mr. Causton had taken Care, among other 
Things in his large Plantation at Ockstead, to raise a 
good Stock of young Mulberry-Trees (several Hundreds) 
which thriving well, began to throw out pretty good 
Plenty of Leaves; and the Silk- Worm Season now de- 
manding good Store, Camuche persuaded Mr. Jones to 
purchase them; which accordingly he agreed for, at the 
Rate of Three-pence per Tree; and it was judged by im- 
partial People a reasonable Price: This the good Wife 
thought a Perquisite of her own, and (it seems) expedled 
ready Payment for, not intending to have any Account 
with the Stores, where her Husband had enough without 



COLONIAL RECOBDS. 311 

Doubt already: But it so happened, that Mr. Jones, with- ^^ 
out farther Ceremony, sent over two or three German -^ij^" 
Girls to Ockstead to gather the Leaves, and bring them ^ 
away thence; where there was no Servant, or any one 5. 
appointed to assist and diredl them in it; Mr. Causton's 
Family being atf present in Town, who had no Notice of 
what they were doing: Whereupon after it was over, Mrs. 
Causton irritated to a great Degree, to find herself taken 
no Notice of, and more so probably, on suspedling her- 
self defeated in such Payment as she looked for; made 
a publick Exclamation among all People, of the harsh 
Treatment she had met with; not refraining from some 
of that foul Language, which of late was become cur- 
rent among them; and alledging, that the Trees were 
spoiled through the Ignorance of those who were em- 
ployed; for that it required great Care how the Leaves 
were gathered, which they had used so little of, that 
they had with their Fingers stript every Branch naked, 
by drawing it through them; and if ever the Trees re- 
covered, it would not be in another Year; which she ex- 
emplified from the publick Garden, where it is said the 
like had once been done, and was the Occasion of spoil- 
ing a great many. Mr. Jones hearing so much Noise 
made about it, went to Mr. Causton, and required him to 
keep his Wife's Tongfue in Order; to which he answered, 
that he had been greatly injured, and must expedi Satis- 
fadlion of him for the Damage done him; That begat 
more Warmth, &c. &c. 

Friday. Mr. Habersham, our School-Master, who at- «. 
tended the General to Charles-Town, when he went 
thither on the lOth ult. returned; but brought no Letters 
with him of any Kind, that I heard of; nor any particu- 
lar Intelligence for our farther Instrudlion: He came 
from Port- Royal to Purysburgh, over Land, for what Pur- 
pose he best knew. Much about the same Time arrived one 
of our Pettagua's thence, wherein came Mr. Habersham 
the Length of Port-Royal: But by this Boat likewise, I 



312 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

found no Letter: Mr. Jones I found had one more imme- ij^ 
diately concerning some Affair of the Stores: Where- ^^ 
fore finding nothing urgent of Business relating to the 
Publick, I made the best Use of my Time in looking 
over my own. 

Saturday. By some Persons arrived from Augusta, 7. 
I received a Letter from Lieutenant Kent, enclosing a 
Conference (or Talk, as it is commonly called) he lately 
had with some of the Indians, who arrived at the Fort 
from the Cherokees, to know why the English would 
cast them off; which, it seem, had been insinuated among 
them by a French Emissary, a German by Nation, whom 
our General has wished to lay hold of for some Time 
past: But by the Talk (which was committed to Writing) 
it appeared, that they went back very easy, and fully 
satisfied, the English meant them nothing but Good, and 
would be ready to supply them with whatever they 
wanted in Trade; which that Fellow had persuaded them 
to imagine no Nation could do so well as the French: 
So after mutual Assurance of Good-will and Friendship 
betwixt us, at length they returned in perfe<ft good 
Humour. We had now no less than Half a Dozen Brig- 
antines and Sloops lying at Anchor with us, beside one 
or two more lying at Tybee, all trading Vessels of con- 
siderable Burden, which made an Appearance of Busi- 
ness; but alas! we had little to do with them: Their 
Traffick mostly was from the Northern Provinces; some 
to Providence and Augustin, and others to St. Simon's, 
where they found a Market; but their calling here was 
ordinarily en passant^ put in perhaps by contrary Winds, 
or some Accident. Many idle and scandalous Stories 
were whispered about Town to Day, certainly without 
any Foundation, but propogated by ill-designing Men, 
refledling on the Behaviour of the People of Charles- 
Town towards the General, who (they insinuated) met 
with a cold Reception there; with some Circumstances 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 313 

not fit to commit to Writing, which we were confident n«». 
were utterly false. • ^^^^ 

Sunday. The publick Service was duly observed; and s. 
Mr. Norris was not wanting in exhorting his Hearers to 
amend their Lives, and betake themselves to the Pradlice 
of all Kinds of Virtue. 

Monday. The first News I had this Morning, was by 9. 
one of my Servants at the Plantation, who came to tell 
me two of his Fellows were run ?iway in the Night; 
which I had little Cause to be sorry for, too well know- 
ing that I must never expedl their Work would pay for 
their Maintenance: Nevertheless I would not be want- 
ing to get the proper Means of getting them taken; 
wherein it was not unlikely we might succeed, as hitherto 
we had not failed in any one; and the last who went off 
{vide 30th ult.) I had now Intelligence was caught by the 
Cow-Keeper at Old Ebenezer. The Court sat again this 
Day, according to their ordinary Course of Time; and 
indeed it was Time to make some Goal Delivery or 
other, there were such a Number of Criminals got to- 
gether in Custody: But the Grand Jury took up most 
Part of the Day in preparing Bills and Presentments 
against to-morrow. 

Tuesday. Attended the Court most Part of the Day, 10. 
where no less than five Criminals were to be tried, against 
whom Bills of Indidlments were found for several Felo- 
nies. 

Wednesday. The five Criminals mentioned being all n. 
legally convidled, some for petty Felonies, and some for 
more notorious, received Sentence severally to be pub- 
lickly whipped in Proportion to their Offences, viz. two 
for cattle-killing (as noted on the 26th ult.) one for be- 
ing privy to a Robbery committed on his Master, (as 
noted on February 27) one, a German Servant, for steal- 
ing Fowls; and one, a Swiss of Purysburgh, by Trade a 



314 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Cooper, for stealing Pipe-Staves, that were made by one . J^ 
of our Freeholders in the Woods. In the Afternoon' ^f[^^ 
the General returned to us by Water from Carolina, in 
the same Manner he went, and attended only by Adju- 
tant Hugh McKay, besides his own Domesticks. The 
Court resolving to take as few Causes of Litigation in 
hand, as Necessity would permit, during such a general 
Insolvency, they adjourned themselves to the 25th In- 
stant. 

Thursday. From this Time my Duty requiring daily w. 
Attendance on the General, during the Time of his 
Abode among us, it must suffice to touch on a few Inci- 
dents only, worth most Notice in that Space. Among 
others, the AfEair of Cattle- hunting, and afterwards tak- 
ing due Care of them, which had been too long in a loose 
Way, was thought by the General deserving his Consid- 
eration; especially as the Stock of the Trustees, as well 
as that of private Persons, was greatly increased, not- 
withstanding the frequent Peculation made, whereof there 
had been many Instances. To cure which Evil, and put 
it under a proper Regulation, required much Thought, 
and divers Conferences betwixt the General, and such of 
the most sensible and deserving Inhabitants as he was 
pleased to advise with. At length several Conclusions 
were formed, and such Orders thereupon issued by the 
General, as it is to be hoped, when duly observed, may 
answer the End intended of securing to each their Prop- 
erty. At Savannah a Pindar was appointed, and who 
was to be furnished with Half a Dozen Horses, to enable 
him at the usual Seasons to hunt for, and bring home to 
a Cow-Pen, all such Heads as lay scattering many Miles 
wide, and not to be turned out again without being reg- 
ularly branded and marked by the rightful Owners; and 
where there should be any Claim made, which was 
not sufficiently evident in Behalf of private Prop- 
erty; such, as well as all found without any Mark, were 
to be judged unquestionably to belong to the Trust. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 816 

At old Ebenezer, where another Cow-Pen is appointed, ^i^ 
a proper Person also is under the same Orders and In- ^^^^ 
struAions as the former: By which Means, if pundlu- 
ally observed, it is expedied that the live Stock of this 
North Part of the Province, which at present is com- 
puted at near a Thousand, will soon multiply greatly. 
While some of our People showed themselves weary of cul- 
tivating Land partly through a lazy Indifference, and part- 
ly discouraged by bad Crops, which induced several to try 
their Fortune elsewhere; divers yet appeared desirous to 
make Experiment under all the Disadvantages so much 
talked of, whether or not it were possible to employ 
their Labour that Way with better Success, and besought 
the General to grant them sundry vacant Lots in Savan- 
nah; among whom he was pleaised to make Choice of a 
few that he judged most promising, to gratify their Re- 
quest: And that such as were gone oS rashly might see, 
that they made more Haste than good Speed, he prom- 
ised a Bounty of two Shillings per Bushel for all Indian 
Corn, and one Shilling per Bushel for all Potatoes, which 
they should have grown, to all who continued to perse- 
vere in doing what they could on their Land, over and 
above what they could sell it for after next Harvest. 
The Way down to the Water-Side wearing away apace 
with the loose Sand, which made it very incommodious 
in passing up and down with Burdens, and the Crane 
growing often out of Repair, which made it dangerous, 
as well as expensive; the General agreed with one to 
to build a Wharf down at High-Water Mark, with a Store 
House, and proper Conveniences on it; which must un- 
doubtedly prove a cheap Bargain to the Trust, who are 
to pay only 50 /. Sterling to the Undertaker, which is 
Duchee the Potter provided he can effedl it; but there 
are few who think it possible it can be done for that 
Sum; and argue, that if it costs twice that Sum to do it 
firm and strong, it must not be thought dear. Mr. Brad- 
ley, whilst he waited on the General at Charles-Town, 
thought fit to make a Demand of 1200 /. Sterling, which 



316 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

he said was owing him from the Trust; but at Savannah ^i7»^ 
we heard from Mr. Jones, that he stood Debtor 1900 /. ^f^ 
However that may be, the General was pleased to tell 
me, that Mr. Bradley had fully resigned all future med- 
dling with the publick Affairs belonging to the Trust; 
that he was content to sit down quiet on the five hundred 
Acres which were first granted; in order to which, that 
he might be enabled to go on with it, his Excellency 
was so good to advance him a certain Sum on his own 
private Credit, which was no Ways to interfere with his 
publick Accounts, that he was to stand to as before, and 
liquidate as he could. On Wednesday the i8th in the 
Afternoon the General left us again, and went South by 
Water, attended by two other Boats carrying some of 
his Officers and some of his Domesticks. 

Thursday. The last Week passing over without dis- i*. 
tinguishing Days, I now return to my usual Course: And 
this Morning, by the General's Appointment Yesterday, 
I took Horse, and rode to the Mouth of Vernon River, 
where I was to expe<5l him. The Occasion was, that 
after so long waiting in Hopes of finding a Settlement 
near, on Savannah River; but seeing little likelihood of 
it at last, by Reason of many Difficulties and ObjeAions; 
I had learnt, that there was a Tract of Land in those 
Parts where I now went, which might answer my Purpose, 
though at twelve Miles Distance; the Way to it by Land 
being good, and the Situation near the River making it 
agreeable; and now upon Sight I so thought it. The 
General came and found me there: But there also some 
Doubts were started; for the two Etheringtons of Thun- 
derbolt (it seems) had formed a Design of obtaining a 
Lease of that Land, in order to raise live Stock upon it; 
which whether or not the General had given them any 
Reason to expedl a Grant of, it did not appear; however, 
on that Presumption, they had set up a little mean Hut 
upon it, by Way of taking Possession. Having heard of 
this before^ I sent to one of the Brothers at Thunderbolt, 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 317 

to ask what Pretensions he had to it; who returned me ^jw^ 
for Answer, that his Brother and he had some Design of ^JJJ"*i 
that Kind once about two or tbree Years since; which 
they had laid aside again, and afterwards had their Eyes 
upon an Island for the same Purpose; and as for his own 
Part, he never intended to meddle with this any farther: 
His Brother, at the same Time, I had good Reason to be- 
lieve would never interrupt me; for beside that he had no 
Title to it; if he had any, it was sufficiently forfeited by 
Felony; whereof he with others was convidled on several 
Indictments for Cattle-killing, a Year and more since, be- 
sides several other Indi<5lments found against him by the 
Grand Jury, that he had not yet been tried for: Where- 
upon he broke Goal, and fled out of the Colony. Upon 
representing which to the General, and telling him that 
if there was no other ObjeAion, I would be contented to 
sit down here, and run the Risk of it; he asked me 
smiling^ if I had such confidence in him? Which (indeed) 
I did not relish as a Compliment; but replied, that he 
must have a mean Opinion of me, if he doubted my Con- 
fidence in him extending a far greater Length than this. 
Then calling his officers about him, and ordering some 
cold Provisions and Wine to be brought ashore, which 
he carried with him in the Boats for Refreshment; we 
all sat down, and eat and drank with good Stomachs. 
After which they all proceeded on their Passage, and I 
with my Companion, Mr. Mercer (one of our Constables) 
returned home the Way we came. 

Good- Friday. This Day was observed with the usual ao. 
Solemnity at Church, both Morning and Afternoon; and 
all I had to observe was, that Mr. Bradley returned home 
again from his Travels in Carolina. 

Saturday. Mr. Jones with me, complaining, that Mr. a. 
Bradley had already been at him for Provisions again, 
and was as troublesome as before, so that he knew not 
what to do; nor was I capable of advising. I was after- 



318 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

wards informed, that Mr. Jones, to stop his Clamour, ^w. 
issued for his Use a hundred Weight of Beef; though ^^^ 
there was not treble that Quantity left in the Stores. 

Easter-Sunday. Mr. Norris officiated Morning and »• 
Evening, preached on a Subjedl suitable to the Day, and 
administered the Sacrament to near thirty Partakers. 
Mr. Williams's Sloop which went to St. Simon's returned 
hither this Night. 

Monday. This was a Day full of mischievous Events. « 
The Morning began with a private Information, that Mr. 
Jones had received from one Green a Freeholder, who 
has a Lot on the River Side, a little below the publick 
Garden, with a Hut on it, where he mostly lives: And 
the Information being of an extraordinary Nature, Mr. 
Jones desired me and Mr. Christie to be present, and hear 
what the Man had to say: I went accordingly to Mr. 
Jones's, where Mr. Christie was expedled by Promise, to 
come immediately; but after long waiting for him in vain 
and he not coming, it was thought proper to take down 
in Writing what the Informant had to say, which he 
might make Affidavit of afterwards when required; and 
it was to this Effect, viz. Mr. Williams's Sloop coming up 
late Saturday Night, and the Tide falling short, Mr. Wil- 
liams and the Master left her, and taking the Boat rowed 
up to Town: After which the Mate hailed to this Inform- 
ant, desiring him to come aboard with his Boat; which he 
did; and that upon asking him what News from the South, 
they told him the Soldiers were all in a mutinous, dis- 
contented Way, cursing their Officers, and even the Gen- 
eral himself who (they said) had best look to himself, lest 
he should get two or three Bullets through him; for if 
one did not do it, another would. Upon asking the In- 
formant if he knew the Persons again when he saw them, 
who reported those Words; he said, he knew two of them 
very well, and one of them was the Mate. Mr. Shenton 
also was present with us when this Information was 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 319 

made; who being upon Haste on some Business, by Order ^i^ 
of the General, and following him by Land, it was ^^^ 
thought by us advisable, that he should take this Infor- 
mation with him. Mr. Christie coming late when the 
Affair was near over; Mr. Jones grown out of Humour 
at it, shut the Door against him; whereat he went away 
affronted. Soon after, Mr. Jones and I went to Mr. Jen- 
kins's, where Mr. Shenton lodged, in order to deliver him 
a Packet from Mr. Montaigut, which was left in my Care 
to send to Frederica: There we chanced to meet Mr. 
Robert Williams, with his Brother-in-Law Dr. Tailfer; 
from which Accident a great Feud broke out betwixt 
Mess. Williams and Jones, who had long thought hard of 
each other; and now Mr. Williams attacked him in warm 
Language, for representing him injuriously to the Gen- 
eral last Week, in his Absence, when he could not defend 
himself. This being a Matter of Consequence, it may 
be proper here to note the whole Circumstance, as I heard 
the Enquiry, lest it might slip my Memory, if future Oc- 
casion should require my Testimony. Some Time since 
we had Notice, that there were several Cattle killed, and 
killing, at Mr. Matthews's Cow- Pen up the River, to 
which Mr. Williams's Plantation was near adjoining; Part 
of which Meat was sent down to Town, and delivered to 
such there as Mr. Williams appointed in the Absence of 
Matthews, who at that Time was far off on the Alata- 
maha River, settling there a Trade with the Indians, by 
Allowance from the General: Mr. Matthews was well 
known to have a large Stock of Cattle in these Parts^ and 
had divers Times formerly, when he thought fit to kill 
any, sent good Part of them into the Stores, which were 
accepted in Mr. Causton's Time; and not only so, but it 
seems had also Orders from Mr. Causton, when any of 
the wild Steers belonging to the Trust, and could not be 
come at, happened to fall in with Matthews's Drove at 
his Time of killing, he should kill such also, giving im- 
mediate Notice to the Stores, where they might be ac- 
counted for* Mr. Matthews now having ordered some to 



320 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

be killed when he was away; among the rest, one of them yj^ 
was known to belong to the Trust, and sent openly in ^^ 
four Quarters to one Person (a Carpenter) by Order, as 
he that killed it affirmed, of Mr. Williams. This had a 
very ill Aspect; and Mr. Jones thought proper to defer 
the Examination into it, till the General came lately, that 
it might be had before him. The Fellow who killed it 
told readily what Orders he had, which he had observed; 
but denied strongly, that he had killed more than one of 
the Trust's; tho' he thought (he said) if he had, he should 
not have incurred any Blame: The General hereupon or- 
dered the Fellow into Custody, in order for a further 
Examination, when Williams or Matthews, either or both 
of them were to be spoken with, neither being at home. 
The next Day Mr. Matthews came and attended the Gen- 
eral; and acquainting him with the Whole, making it ap- 
pear also, that he had made himself Debtor to the Stores 
in the Account he kept with them, and that on the same 
Account the Stores were still Debtor to him. Mr. Jones 
likewise acknowledged, that Notice had been given of it 
to the Stores (tho* not immediately when the Meat was 
delivered) the General was pleased to tell me himself, 
that he thought Matthews was justified; and thereupon 
the Fellow was discharged. Mr. Williams, during this 
Enquiry, happened to be gone to St. Simon's, in order, if 
he could, there to dispose of the Cargo his Sloop had 
lately brought; so that he had not seen the General, nor 
did he during his Abode with us a Week. Upon his meet- 
ing Mr. Jones thus accidentally now, and charging him 
with unfair Treatment (as above) they both grew into 
Passion; Williams had been infornled by somebody, that 
at the late Examination Mr. Jones insinuated as if the 
Meat which was sent the Carpenter was to pay a Debt of 
his own due to that Carpenter; whereas he had not em- 
ployed that Carpenter, nor owed him any Thing; but the 
Carpenter had been employed by Matthews, and the Meat 
sent him was in Part of Payment from Matthews: Had it 
been otherwise, it would have been a felonious converting 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 321 

another's Property; which therefore irritated Williams: ^iW9^ 
Mr. Jones denied, that he had insinuated any such Thing, ^^^ 
adding, that whoever told him so, was a Liar and a Vil- 
lain: Upon which Williams sent for the Carpenter who 
had the Meat, and who among others had been examined 
upon it, telling Mr. Jones he would prove it to his Face; 
both continuing in great Passion: And to make Things 
yet worse, about this Timje Mr. Christie came in, and full 
of Resentment at the Repulse he had met with at Mr. 
Jones's this Morning; many angry Words passed betwixt 
them also. Mr. Jones, therefore, to put an End to such 
Contention, thought proper to walk away to his own 
Home, as I did to mine; so that what ensued I know no 
otherwise than it was told me, viz. that soon after Mr. 
Williams followed Mr. Jones to his House, telling him, 
that he had now got the Carpenter at Jenkins's, and there- 
fore expedled that he would go and confront him, or else 
he should believe all that was said of him: That Mr. Jones 
refused to go, desiring Williams to go out of his House; 
then more angry Words ensued, and particularly the 
Word Villain was interchanged; but which of them first 
used it, I could not learn the Certainty of; till at length 
Williams run his Fist in Mr. Jones's Face: Mr. Shcnton 
being present with Mr. Jones when this happened, he is 
the only proper Evidence of what passed. In the After- 
noon sitting with Mr. Jones at a Neighbour's over Tea, a 
Message came to me, that the Magistrates were all three 
assembled at my House, and desired I would come to 
them: I did so, and when I came, I found Mr. Williams 
with them, who had been soliciting them for a Warrant 
against Mr. Jones; and that Mr. Shenton (whom they also 
had with them) might make his Affidavit of what he had 
seen, &c. Upon their asking my Opinion how to adl in 
this Case, I told them, that I thought if Mr. Shenton was 
to be examined touching what had happened, and very 
probably Mr. Williams might ask him some Questions in 
his own Favour, it would be proper, that Mr. Jones also 
should be present to objedl what he thought needful on 

21 o r— Y 4 



322 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

his Part: Upon which they sent to Mr. Jones, desiring ^^ 
that he would please to come to them: But on the Re- ^g^ 
turn of the Messenger it appeared, that he was very much 
displeased at it, and said, if they had any Thing to say, 
they might come to him; Which indeed I thought was a 
little too rough an Answer to send to the Magistrates, 
who were assembled with an Intent to do their Duty, in 
endeavouring to know the Truth. After this, they asked 
Mr. Shenton, at Mr. Williams's Request, to relate what 
he knew about it: But he seeming to appear an unwilling 
Evidence on either Side, they desisted, and did not pro- 
ceed to examine him upon Oath, or to take any Affidavit; 
but left it as they found it. Soon after, I went to Mr. 
Jones, and he had then taken a Resolution to go in the 
Morning to the South, and acquaint the General himself 
with this whole Day's Proceedings: Seeing which, I for- 
bore meddling any farther; and thought it my Duty to 
put in Writing (as I have done) what I knew of the Whole, 
without Partiality. 

Tuesday. Went in the Morning to see Mr. Jones, and 34. 
to give him an Opportunity (if he so inclined) to commu- 
nicate any Thing he thought proper relating to the pub- 
lick Service, before he went: Wherein he appeared 
pretty much reserved, and said nothing about it, more 
than that he heard Mr. Bradley had killed a small Steer, 
which he gave out was one of his own; though he learnt 
that it was branded with the Mark of the Trust; and 
moreover he could see no Necessity for it, having at his 
Importunity issued a hundred Weight of Beef to him 
since his Return home. About Noon Mr. Jones went off 
for St. Simon's, and Mr. Norris (our Parson) by his Per- 
mission, went with him to Frederica, where he had been 
some Time expe<5led to perform the Office of his Minis- 
try; and intended to return again with what Speed was 
convenient. 

Wednesday. Peter Emery (one of our Freeholders, 25. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 328 

who keeps a Boat of his own) going this Morning for ^^ 
Charles-Town, I took the Opportunity of sending a small ^^^ 
Packet by him, diredled to Mr. Verelst, inclosing Copy 
of my Journal, &c. dated ever since 21. N. B. The 
General, when here, expressing some Displeasure at the 
Attorney-General, whom I was ordered by the Trust to 
correspond with; and discovering some Jealousy of his 
not adling faithfully, in relation to such Letters as he was 
intrusted with; he was pleased to diredl me to send no 
more through his Hands, but return to my former Cor- 
respondent Mr. Hopton, whose Charadler he approved 
of: And accordingly I committed this to Mr. Hopton's 
Care. Mr. Mace, an Ensign in the Regiment at St. Si- 
mon's, arrived, and brought me a Letter from Major 
Cook, advising of three indented Servants, belonging to 
the General, being run away; and also of five Soldiers 
having deserted (viz. two from the Major's own Company, 
and three from Lieutenant Colonel Cockran's) all from 
St. Simon's; describing the Persons, promising the Re- 
ward for taking, as usual, &c. The Ensign had with him 
a sufficient Force of Hands well armed, in case they 
came up with them, and was pushing on for Carolina with 
Intent to keep a head of them, and look out narrowly in 
his Way back. 

Thursday. Mr. Bradley, upon having Notice .from as. 
one of the Constables, that he had Orders from the Gen- 
eral to go without Loss of Time with him to the five hun- 
dred Acres appointed for his Use by the Grant, and to 
put him in full Possession of the same, now seemed very 
indifferent about it, and began to cavil at the Lines being 
not run out with that Certainty as he expelled: Yester- 
day he put it off, on divers Pretences; and this Day he 
could not go (he said) because he was not well: So that 
some Folks began to imagine he did not really mean to sit 
down there in haste, notwithstanding what passed betwixt 
the General and him at Charles-Town: But at length, 



J 



324 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

upon farther consideration, he went and took Possession ^^ 
of it, though in all Appearance with no Good-will. ^]^^ 

Friday. Nothing worth observing. Most People who «. 
regarded their Lots abroad, were busy in replanting a 
great Part of what had been done before, which withered 
away before, the Heat coming on so early; and I among 
the rest thought it worth my Care. 

Saturday. Mr. Upton, who had been at Port-Royal, 28. 
returned thence, and brought with him several Letters 
from England, that Mr. Jennys brought with him thither 
from Charles-Town, and delivered to him; telling him, 
they came by a Ship newly arrived, which was a great 
Rarity of late, no Ship being come in from thence in several 
Months past; and they had taken them up at the Post- 
House (by which I apprehended the Attorney-General 
took little Care about it) wherefore I hoped from hence- 
forward I should find a more trusty Correspondent in 
Mr. Hopton, who still lived with Mr. Jennys, and I had 
formerly had good Experience of. Mr. Upton farther 
told me, that he had stridl Orders from Mr. Jennys to 
deliver the Letters to Mr. Jones; who being gone South, 
he asked me what he had best to do with them; and upon 
my looking over them, and finding only one Letter for 
myself, which was a private Family Letter; but several 
for the General, I told him, that since they were not 
committed to my Care, I would not presume to meddle 
with them, lest I should go farther than became me; but 
as we were at all Times ill provided with Means for any 
sudden Expedition, and now more especially in Mr. 
Joneses Absence; I advised him to send them by a safe 
Hand over Land to Thunderbolt, where the Messenger 
flight give them to the Master of a Pettyagua, which he 
would meet there in her Way South; and so he did. I 
could not but esteem it a Misfortune upon me to find no 
Letter from the Trust's Office, from whence the last I 
received was dated in Odlober, since which Time the Sit- 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 326 

uation I have been in here, has been attended with un- ^i^ 
common Difficulties. -^g"^^ 

Sunday. Mr. Habersham, the School-Master, read the 29. 
Prayers of the Church, in the Absence of Mr. Norris; and 
also read a Sermon upon operating Faith and Regenera- 
tion, before Noon and after; being a Subjedl much dwelt 
on by the Fraternity of Methodists. A Letter was 
brought to me by a Servant of Mr. Wiggans, a licens'd 
Trader in the Creek Nation, who came on Business from 
his Master, which Letter was wrote by Lieutenant Willy 
at Okefuskies, where he was stationed at a small Fort, 
with two or three Men only, in the same Nation; setting 
forth, that he had seen a Letter that came from the 
Chicasaw Nation, diredled to Mr. Thomas Andrews, the 
principal Trader among them, who at that Time was on 
his Way returning to them from Savannah; wherein he 
was to be informed, ** That the Chodlaws had fallen on 
"the white People in their Passage to that Nation: That 
"Mr. Binon arrived there about the 14th of February, 
*• wounded in the Hand, having three of his Fingers shot 
•*o£f: He said he had left his Pack-Horses that Day 
"about thirty Miles from the Nation: and in his Passage 
"was attacked by a Party of Indians, who fired at him, 
"and wounded him as aforesaid; but got from them by 
"the Help of his Horse, without further Damage: But 
** at his Arrival he sent out a Party of eleven Chicasaws, 
" to conduct Mr. Fisher and the Pack-Horse Men safe in; 
" who in the Night after their Arrival at the Camp, were 
" attacked by a Party of Chodlaws, who fired on them, 
*• killed four Chicasaws on the Spot, and wounded Mr. 
" Fisher in both Feet, and drove off the rest of the white 
" Men and Indians, plundering the Camp of three Pieces 
" of Strouds, six Pounds of Vermilion, and some Brass 
" Kettles; showing they were in haste by not supplying 
" themselves better, the white Men having a great Cargo 
"there: The Chodlaws left one only dead behind them; 
" but whether any more were carried off by them that 



336 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

"were killed or wounded, was not known; it being not n»^ 
"thought fit to follow them: That they are thought to -^g^i 
** be of the People called Chigassaies, who are in the 
** French Interest, and settled among the Chodlaws. 
** Red-Shoes the chief King of the Chodtaws, and who 
** was on returning from Carolina and these Parts, was 
** not passed by the Upper Towns, when these Letters 
"arrived from the Chicasaws; who when he was told of 
" the Disaster, fell into a great Passion, and ordered his 
" People to make all the Dispatch home that they could, 
** promising to take sufficient Revenge on the Parties 
" concerned: But it is not certain whether he was real, 
" or whether he was afraid the Creeks, whom he must 
** pass through, would take Revenge on those whom they 
" found, for the Damage done to their Friends the Chic- 
" asaws." Upon the Whole it is looked on as certain, 
that the Creeks and Cho<5iaws must come to an open 
War; which our Traders would rather chuse than not; 
for whilst those Nations are most at Variance with one 
another, it prevents any dangerous uniting, to the Detri- 
ment of us. The Man who brought me Mr. Willy's 
Letter, told me, that it was generally believed, the Choc- 
taws, who lately went from Savannah, either were, or 
would be, cut off to a Man by the Creeks in their Way 
Home. About Nine in the Evening Mr. Jones returned 
from Frederica, to the surprize of every Body at so expe- 
ditious a Passage out and home; With him came Lieu- 
tenant Horton, sent by order of the General; so that 
now we might expedl soon to learn the Consequence of 
what happened on Monday last, j 

Monday. After a short Conference with Lieutenant ». 
Horton this Morning, wherein I told him freely my 
Opinion concerning divers Matters which he was ordered 
by the General to enquire into, and make Report thereof 
to him, relating to Mr. Jones's Complaints, &c. I rather 
chose to leave him to himself (as he well knew all the 
Party) to learn what farther he could of that Affair, as 



1. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 327 

well as some others; than by any A&, of mine show the ^nw^ 
least Appearance of leading him into a partial Judg- -^gj"*' 
ment; wherefore I avoided seeing him any more the rest 
of the Day, and followed my own Business, without ob- 
serving any Thing worth remembering. 

Tuesday. John Penrose arrived with his Boat this May 
Morning from Charles-Town, and brought with him a 
Packet sent me by the Attorney- General from the Trust; 
wherein were divers Letters for the General, and many 
others as well here as in the South; among which there 
was one for me from the Apcomptant, that was very wel- 
come, though short, being the only one from the Office 
since Odlober last, which I received in December; and 
the Date of what came now, was of December 22, from 
thence, the Ship having been so long on her Voyage. 
N. B. This Packet came by the same Ship that brought 
those Letters which were delivered to Mr. Upton by Mr. 
Jennys, as noted on the 28th ult As there were sundry 
Parcels of Goods, &c. that came with this Packet, some 
for the General, and some for others, whereof Mr. Verelst 
wrote me the Particulars, I took an Account of it all; 
and after it was brought ashore, saw it all lodged safely, 
either in the Stores, or elsewhere, as it was most proper 
for the Purpose of those whom it was intended for. Mr. 
Horton, with some few whom he chose to accompany 
him, went up the River to visit Mrs. Matthews and her 
Husband, with whom he had a particular Charge from 
the General to commune, on some important Matters re- 
lating to our Neighbour Indians of Tomo Chichi's Tribe, 
who of late appeared not so tradable as formerly; divers 
of them in Concert with others of the Creek Nation, 
making Preparation to attack the Florida Indians, who 
were in Amity with the Spaniards; in Order whereto, 
some were already advanced Southward towards them; 
and should they come to open Hostility, it would not be 
easy to persuade Spain into a Belief, that the English 
had no Hand in it; forasmuch as these Indians our 



328 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Neighbours, were not only in Friendship with us, as the ^J^ 
Florida People were with Spain; but it was also under- M*y 
stood, that any Breach of the present Peace on either 
Side, must in Consequence a£fe<ft the two Nations, whose 
Allies they professed themselves to be: This, therefore, 
being a Thing of great Moment, and Mrs. Matthews 
(who was a half Indian) one who had a great Influence 
over those of our Neighbourhood; the General wished 
to see her, as he frequently used to do; and Mr. Horton 
was to prevail with her and her Husband, if he could, to 
go with him to Frederica. Ensign Mace, who went thro' 
Savannah on the 25th ult in Pursuit of Deserters, having 
Advice that they were all returned to their Colours, came 
to us again in his Way back to the South; and hear- 
ing where Lieutenant Horton and Company were, he 
followed them up to Matthews's, but came down to 
Town in the Evening again. 

Wednesday. Wrote some Letters to the South, and 2. 
sent them, together with what came Yesterday, to Fred- 
erica, St. Simon's Camp, &c. by Mr. Mace, who took 
special Charge of what related in a more particular Manner 
to the General; and promised a safe Delivery of the rest. 
Mr. Horton, on his Return from Matthews's, acquainted 
me (with equal Satisfadlion to us both) that he and his 
Wife had promised him to go forthwith, and wait on the 
General in the Camp, with Intent to shew their Readiness, 
in whatever he required of them concerning the late 
Movement of the Indians; and that old Tomo Chichi 
would go also, and lay what Restraint on them he could, 
from proceeding any farther in what they purposed. In 
these three Days that Mr. Horton had been in Town, I 
could plainly discover what Sort of Sentiments he began 
to entertain of the Place, from such Talk as we had to- 
gether: And indeed a Man of much less Discernment, 
could not well miss in that Space of Time, to find Dem- 
onstration sufficient to convince him what Mischief an 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 329 

intemperate, self-sufficient Condudl, cloathed with Power, ^»^ 
is capable of creating in the Publick. M»y 

Thursday. In the Morning, Mr. Horton calling on •• 
me, it was thought a fit Time to enquire into another 
Affair, that he was charged with from the General, to 
learn the Truth of; relating to an Information made (as 
noted 23 ult.) wherein the General's own Safety seemed 
to be in Danger: In Order whereto. Mess. Parker and 
Gilbert (two Magistrates) assembled at my House, Mr. 
Christie the Recorder being out of Town; and the In- 
formant Green being sent for, together with his Boy 
Cundal, Mr. Robert Williams the Owner of the Sloop, 

and the Master of her, were also called: Then 

Green being asked if he was sure he knew the Men again 
when he saw them, with whom he had that Talk on Sat- 
urday Night was Se'nnight, on board the Sloop; and 
both he and his Boy affiraning, that they should know 
them upon Sight; they were sent with a Constable on 
board the Sloop to find them; as they readily did, and 
came all together before the Magistrates; where, upon a 
stridl and careful Examination, the Informants Green 
and his Boy did severally make Affidavit to this Effect, 
viz. That upon their going aboard the Sloop on the 
Saturday Night, as aforesaid, and asking what News 
from the South; the two Men now present, whose Names 
were Nelson and Conn, the one Mate, and the other a 
Sailor belonging to the said Sloop, answered him in these 
or the like Words: "The Soldiers of the Camp told us 
•* they heard the General was laid hold on at Charles- 
**Town; which they said they were glad to hear; for if 
** ever he came among them at the Camp again, some of 
''them would give him a Pill; and if one did not shoot 
**him, another would; after which they would go off to 
"the Spaniards, &c.'* To which the two Sailors now 
present answered. That they utterly denied their ever 
having said so much: They acknowledged the first Part 
of it, that the Soldiers talked of the General's being in 



330 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Custody at Charles-Town, but farther than that, they i?^ 
never heard, nor did they say they had, which they of- m*^ 
fered to swear, if they might be allowed so to do; but 
that not being admitted, they objedled against the Credit 
of Green the Informer, who they heard had a bad Char- 
acter, and indeed he had not a good one; he having been 
formerly convidled of bad Crimes, and his Testimony on 
some Occasions in our Court being regarded but very 
little by our Juries: Nevertheless, on such positive Evi- 
dence, nothing could be done less than sending them 
down to the General at Frederica, or confining them here 
till the General's Pleasure should be farther known: 
Whereupon they rather chose to be sent thither instantly, 
to make their Defence, lest by delaying it they might 
lose the proceeding on their Voyage; and therefore mak- 
ing it a Request of their own, the Magistrates allowed 
it, and Lieutenant Horton undertook to carry them down 
with him when he went. 

Friday. Among other Things sent from the Trust by 4. 
the Ship America, lately arrived, was a Parcel of Vine- 
Cuttings, which with proper Care in packing would have 
been extreamly valuable, and are much coveted: But 
unhappily they came naked, without any Covering, and 
only bound up like a common Faggot; so that being in 
that Manner exposed, and possibly thrown carelessly up 
and down in the Voyage, they had the Appearance of no 
other than a Bundle of dry Sticks; adding to all which, 
the uncommon Length of Time in their Passage, being 
several Months; I was very sorry to see little or no Hopes 
left, of any Good to be expelled from what was so truly 
desirable: Nevertheless, that nothing might be omitted 
which could be done, I called De Lyon the Jew to my 
Assistance, who has the most Skill of any among us, and 
has planted some Hundreds of the Portugal Grape this 
Year, out in his Plantation, which he reared last Year 
from Cuttings and otherwise: And when I had ordered a 
Spot of fresh Ground, in the Swamp of the Garden be- 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 331 

longing to the Trust, to be cleaned and dressed, I left it nsg. 
to him to put some of them into the Earth, that we ^»y 
might at least try if any of them would haply make 
Shoot. N. B. He told me, that the Time they were cut 
in (viz. December) was a right Season, and had they been 
rightly packt too, notwithstanding so long a Passage, 
he believed most of them might have been saved: 
Wherefore for future Instruction, I learnt of him, that the 
proper Way of preserving the Cuttings, is to fill a Cask 
half full of good Earth, wherein the Cuttings are to stand 
half their own Depth, and the Tops of them only bound 
with Straw, without any other Covering, by which the 
Air may come to them so much as is proper; but no 
Sprey of the Sea; wherefore they should not be exposed 
upon Deck. I found nothing else all Day, which I 
thought so much worth my regarding as this. 

Saturday. Mr. Horton went off this Morning, on his 5. 
Return to the General at Frederica, taking with him those 
he designed. Mr. Bradley, I was informed, killed 
another Steer, which he called his own; but other People 
were of a different Opinion, and thought him making the 
most of what was in his keeping, before he surrendered 
all up. 

Sunday. Mr. Habersham read the Prayers of the «. 
Church, as before, in Mr. Norris's Absence; and two Ser- 
mons on the Working of God's Holy Spirit within us. 

Monday. What I had to observe now principally was, 7. 
the Dislike which the Magistrates and Mr. Jones had 
conceived against each other, and which was every Day 
(as I thought) increasing, notwithstanding all the En- 
deavours I had a good while used to reconcile such Dif- 
ferences, and to bring them into better Temper; that by 
uniting heartily the publick Good might be the sooner 
promoted: But all I could say began to be but little re- 
garded on either Side; so keen was their Resentment 



332 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

grown of late. What seemed to be the Ground-Work of n»^ 
all this was, that Mr. Jones thought he had not Deference ^y 
enough paid him; and they thought what they had paid 
him was too much. He by Virtue of Power superior to 
any (which he had, or appeared to have) expelled the 
ready Attendance of the Magistrates whenever he pleased 
to send for them; and they complained of being treated 
in the Manner of ordinary Servants, to come whereso- 
ever he pleased to call them; and moreover when met, 
they said they were looked on as Cyphers, and hardly 
allowed to examine into Fadls, but required to A&, in 
every Thing as Mr. Jones di<Slated, &c. This they had 
often expressed great Uneasiness at to me, thinking 
themselves made contemptible to the common People; 
and I had frequently on such Occasions, when I saw 
Matters of Consequence like to pass too lightly over, 
made Use of an Expedient to bring them together, with- 
out Diminution of either of their Authority (so highly 
rated) by engaging them all to meet at my House; which 
succeeded well, and I hoped a little Time would wear 
out these pernicious Jealousies; till Monday the 23 ult. 
all such Hopes began utterly to vanish; and from that 
Time they are grown more and more exasperated on both 
Sides (tndf the Notes of that Day.) Mr. Christie, as I 
apprehend, was a little too dilatory then, in coming on 
that Occasion so long after the Time appointed; in which 
to vindicate himself, he alledged afterwards, that he did 
not know it was a Matter of such Importance, and be- 
lieved it would make no difference whether he came in a 
Quarter of an Hour, or staid a whole one: But to have 
the Door shut against him in that scandalous Manner, 
was using his so as he could not bear: From whence arose 
that smart Tongue-Fight betwixt him and Mr. Jones at 
Jenkins's soon after (as noted.) The same Afternoon, 
the Magistrates assembling all three at my House, with- 
out so much as my knowing it, sent a Messenger to find 
me, and very well pleased I was to be so sent for, that 
the Truth might be enquired into of that Morning's Out- 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 333 

rage: And I wish that Mr. Jones, who was in the same rj^ 
Manner sent to, had gone as readily: But upon his return- M»y 
ing that rough Answer, they all cried out immediately, 
"Now you see how we are used;" and so breaking up, 
went their Way. The next Day Mr. Jones pursued his 
Design of going to wait on the General at Frederica; and 
there being two Steers killed before he went for the nec- 
essary Support of such as had any Dependance on the 
Stores; when the Meat was given out in small Pieces the 
Day after, and every Body that had any Pretence, was 
desirous of getting a Bit of fresh Meat (none salt at the 
same Time in the Store) Mess. Parker and Christie each 
sent to ask for a little; but were answered, that Mr. Jones 
had left Orders there was none for them. This put them 
both into very ill Mood, and made them exclaim heavily 
to be so singled out. Christie declared publickly his posi- 
tive Resolution of going soon for England, &c. &c. Par- 
ker grew sullen, and said, it could not be possible for him 
to a<ft the Part of an honest Man, if he must be in Dread 
of the Store being shut against him, whenever in the Ex- 
ecution of his Office he differed in Opinion with Mr. 
Jones; and came to me this Day purposely to acquaint 
me, that he would be ready at any Time to come to me, 
or meet me when sent for, on any Thing relating to the 
Publick, provided it was not to attend Mr. Jones; but 
whatever were the Consequence, he never would wait on 
him again as a Magistrate, who should expedl Mr. Jones 
to come to him, if he had any Thing to say to him as 
such. Which Declaration of his, was the Occasion of 
this long Paragraph, reciting some Occurrences previous 
thereunto. 

Tuesday. Divers Servants being lately run away from 8. 
their Masters, which there was Reason to believe were 
got the Length of Charles-Town, where they found Shel- 
ter, as Experience had too often shewn: At the same 
time having full Information by Mr. Shenton, who had 
apprehended him, that Isaac Bradford, that notorious 



334 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Thief, who lately had committed so many Villanies here, ^i^ 
was, at the Instance of the Person that took him, com- M«y 
mitted to Goal there by the civil Magistrate; it was 
thought proper to send a Boat with proper Instructions, 
as well to demand the Criminal, in order to his being 
brought to Justice, as also to discover and retake (if pos- 
sible) some, if not all of those Deserters. Taking an 
Opportunity to talk with Mr. Jones on the Subje<ft-Mat- 
ter of the Magistrates Uneasiness; and letting him know 
what it was that they seemed most to stick at: He shewed 
no Concern about it; but told me, he saw what they 
would be at, was an unlimited Credit in the Stores: Which 
effectually stopt me from going farther; for as he had the 
Custody of all, and must account for what he did, as 
well as others; he certainly ought to observe such Rules 
as were given him, and it was not my Business to persuade 
him to deviate from them, not knowing what Lengths 
they went: So I left it to him to do as he thought fit; but 
saw plainly, from many Instances, he had set himself 
against them both. 

Wednesday. Mr. Jones being required to call on Mr. *• 
Bradley, to surrender up all Things in his Custody be- 
longing to the Trust, pursuant to his Agreement with the 
General lately at Charles-Town; and desiring me to be 
present at his demanding it, I was so: When Mr. Bradley 
made Shew, by his Words, of his Readiness to do it; but 
at the same Time made use of a little Chicanry (as I 
thought) to put it off for a while, by saying, that he 
ought first to have the General's Orders in Writing before 
he could be justified in so doing: And so we parted; 
Mr. Bradley appearing pleased at the Answer he had 
given to that Demand. 



Thursday. Lieutenant Dunbar arriving this Morning 
from the South in one of the Scout-Boats, he spent some 
Time with Mr. Jones in private; but as he was not pleased 
to see me, going on the same Day for Palachocolas all 



10. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 335 

that I could come at the Knowledge of was, that he was ^J^ 
to take some Horses there for the General's Service, May 
which he was to convey over Land from thence South- 
ward. Mr. Jones, in the Afternoon, calling on me, said, 
he was quite empty of Meat in the Stores, having none 
to feed even the Trust's Servants; and wished to have 
two or three Steers killed for that Purpose: Whereupon 
knowing that Mr. Parker, who had the Care of those 
Steers, had also Orders from the General to deliver at any 
Time to Mr. Jones what he needed of them; I told him, 
that he had no more to do, but to send Diredlions to Mr. 
Parker about it, who without Doubt would take Care they 
should be brought up: But was surprized at his saying, 
whatever the Want was, he would neither ask him, nor 
send him any Directions about it: However, that the 
publick Service might not thereby suffer, Mr. Mercer 
being present, I desired him to acquaint Mr. Parker with 
it, who, I was confident would readily see it done; and 

Mr. Mercer promised me to let him know it. To 

such a Height was Mr. Jones's Resentment grown since 
the 23d past. 

Friday. Upon the Notice that Mr. Mercer gave, Mr. n- 
Parker took Care to see three Steers brought in this Day 
for the Use of the Stores; in which Service he got a se- 
vere Fall with his Horse upon him, that had well nigh 
spoiled him. Most of my Time and Thoughts this Day 
were employed in promoting what was needful to be done 
about the Corn, &c. which I had planted this Spring; for 
unless continual Attendance was given, in houghing the 
Ground, and keeping down the Weeds, that grew apace, 
all our past Labour would come to Nought; and the vil- 
lanous Falsehood of those Servants I had, without fre- 
quent Inspection, would not allow me to hope for any 
Good; neither with all the Care that my Son and I could 
use, was it in our Power to attain that Perfection we pro- 
pose to ourselves, almost in any Work: But if we could 



336 COLONIAL RECORDS, 

come up to, caeteris paribus, in keeping clean what Ground }]^ 
we had planted, we must not look for more. ^^ 

Saturday. Finding myself under a little Indisposi- ij. 
tion, I kept home, and began preparing necessary Papers 
to make up another Packet for England. 

Sunday. Mr. Norris being yet in the South, Mr. Hab- is. 
ersham, as before, went on with the proper Service of 
the Day, in reading the Common Prayer, and after it 
some of Archbishop Tillotson's Dodlrine, which is so 
universally admired. 

Monday, ) These two Days I spent wholly at the u. 

Tuesday. j Mouth of Vernon River, having Mr, ifi. 
Mercer with me, whose Judgment in many Things relat- 
ing to Improvements, I approved of very well, and 
therefore consulted him sometimes: Moreover, he had 
lately obtained from the General a Promise of a Grant 
of three hundred Acres upon Lease, under the same 
Covenants with several others; and as he had a View of 
being near the same Place, I was willing to promote it, 
and get him fixed my next Neighbour, being assured in 
myself, that he would not be idle upon it: Our business 
now was to look narrowly into, and make such Observa- 
tions, that we might, at our Leisure, be contriving be- 
twixt ourselves at home, what was proper to be done as 
soon as it was surveyed, and Possession given us. At 
my Return home on Tuesday Evening, what I met with 
for News was, that Captain Shubrick, in the Mary Ann, 
was newly arrived at Charles-Town; by whom Mr. Verelst, 
in his last Letter, promised me I should hear fully from 
the Trust; but was now sorry to hear it reported by some 
who came lately from Charles-Town, that Captain Shu- 
brick was bound to Frederica, as soon as he had delivered 
what Merchants Goods he had aboard him for Carolina; 
and that he would deliver no Letters for Georgia till he 
came to Frederica, where he would deliver them himself: 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 33T 

But when that would be, who could tell? Which gave ^ 
me a little Uneasiness, being what I could not understand ^ay 
thq Meaning of. i5. 

Wednesday. Samuel Lacy arrived this Morning from m^ 
Charles-Town, and brought with him four Letters from 
England, that were put under Cover for the General, and 
sent to me by the Attorney-General; which Cover, when 
I had opened, I found three of the said Letters came by 
Captain Shubrick, and one of them by Captain Gerald; 
by whom also came other Letters, which I received (as 
noted) the ist Instant; so that it appeared to me, that 
all these Letters came over from England in the common 
Bag, and were taken up by the Attorney-General at the 
Post-Office; which made me give the more Credit to 
what was said last Night, of Captain Shubrick's having 
with him a Packet from the Trust not yet delivered; In 
the Afternoon Mr. Purry arrived from Charles-Town, and 
brought with him a Packet of more Letters for the Gen- 
eral, and others at St. Simon's, which came under Cover 
to Lieutenant Governor Bull, from whom Mr. Purry re- 
ceived them, and delivered them to my Care. Mr. Jones 
told me, that he had a Letter or two also for the General 
from Charles-Town; but did not acquaint me who it was 
that sent it to him. By all these scattered Letters thus 
colledled, and none from the Trustees Office; it appeared 
now past all Doubt, that Shubrick had the Trust's Packet 
with him, which he would not deliver till he arrived him- 
self at Frederica, or some other Port in Georgia; which 
might be a great while yet to come. 

Thursday. Mr. Hird, a Freeholder, and one of the 17. 
Constables at Frederica, after two or three Days spent 
here on his own Affairs, intending to return thither this 
Day; I delivered into his Care all the Letters that came 
to my Hands Yesterday, making them up in one Packet 
for the General; to whom also I wrote myself in Answer 
to one which I had through Mr. Jones's Hands from him. 

29er-T4 



^38 COLONIAL EECOEDS. 

Captain Wood from Frederica, in his Way to Charles- n»^ 
Town, came ashore here last Night, and called on me ^j^J 
this Morning; but brought no Letters. Very heavy Rain 
came on in the Morning, and held all Day; which pre- 
vented both Captain Wood and Mr. Hird from setting 
-out on their Passages North and South till another Day. 

Friday. Little happening worth Notice abroad, stuck is. 
mostly at home to my Pen and Ink. Captain Wood and 
Mr. Hird went off their several Ways. In the Evening 
I was informed, that Bailiff Parker had received a Letter 
from the General, signifying his being informed by Mr. 
Jones of an Intention some Persons had to make Waste 
t)f certain Stores belonging to the Trust, and requiring 
him to look into it, and take Care that the Trust might 
not be injured in their Property: Wherein my Son ap- 
prehending, that Mr. Jones had again been doing him 
some ill Office with the General, relating to some Wines 
bought of Colonel Cockran; he now expelled and wished 
that Affair might be thoroughly canvassed, so that it 
might appear with what Justice such an Accusation was 
brought against him: The Particulars of which ought not 
to be passed over, without a full and explicit Relation of 
the Whole, when Mr. Jones sets forth before the Magis- 
trates what he has to alledge. 

Saturday. Got forward with what Papers and Letters j^ 
I had to send to England; and lost as little Time as I 
could to make another Packet ready, not knowing how 
long it might be, ere we heard from Captain Shubrick, 
whether he had any Letters for us, or what they were; 
which I wished to have learnt. My Son expelled to have 
been called before the Magistrate, pursuant to what we 
were informed Yesterday; but Mr. Jones had yet made no 
Step about it, and what he had to say, as well as when, 
was wholly in himself. Towards Evening Captain Des- 
brassie, and Ensign Maxwell, arrived from the South, by 
whom I had a Letter from the General, and one under the 



COLONIAL EECOKDS. 339 

same Cover for Mr. Jones, which I delivered to him in- v^ 
stantly; he accompanying those Gentlemen to my House, ^ay 

Sunday. This Morning two Letters were brought me .. 20. 
by a Servant of Mr. Cuthbert, which his Master sent him 
with, from his Plantation at Joseph's Town, where they 
came to his Hands from Lieutenant Willy in the Indian 
Nations; the Contents of one of which would require my 
laying it before the General. Mr. Habersham, during 
Mr. Norris's yet continuing in the South, performed the 
Duty of the Day in the same Manner he before had done. 

Monday. Bailiff Parker, in Obedience to the Gen- «i- 
eral's Letter (as mentioned the i8th) calling the other 
Magistrates together; Mr. Jones at the same Time ap- 
pearing, together with all Parties supposed to be con- 
cerned, viz. my Son and I, and Mr. Bradley; Mr. Parker 
read Extract out of the said Letter from the General to 
him, in these Words: **Mr. Jones acquaints me, that some 
•* Persons have refused to deliver to the Trustees their 
"Wines by them bought, and the Possession of their own 
" Cellar. I hope you will see Justice done to the Trus- 
"tees, and that they are not stript of their Properties 
"with Impunity." Which Words, importing a grievous 
Charge, that without Doubt pointed particularly at my 
Son; it will be needful to look back, and trace this Mat- 
ter from the Beginning, that the whole Truth may be un- 
derstood. When Colonel Cochran came hither 

with Part of the Regiment in May last Year, and brought 
a large Parcel of Wines with him. Part for the Regiment, 
and Part for his own Account; he found no Place in the 
Town so capable and fit to put them in, as a Cellar under 
the great House that Mr. Bradley lived in, and was vul- 
garly called Mr. Bradley's House: Whereupon Colonel 
Cochran applied himself to Mr. Bradley for the Use of it 
on that Occasion; who readily granted it; and when the 
Wine was all secured there; the Colonel knowing my Son, 
gave him the Custody of the Wine, with the Key of the 



340 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Cellar, &c. (for farther Information, vide loth of March iw. 
last) After a whole Year past, and all the Wine disposed ^ay 
of; the Cellar was now cleared of the Whole; excepting 
only two Pipes of Wine, which had been bought for the 
Use of the Trustees Stores, and yet remained there: On 
which Account Mr. Jones demanded of my §on the Keys 
of the Cellar, intending to make Use of it for the Trust; 
but Mr. Bradley had cautioned him some Time before not 
to deliver the Keys to any one but himself; from whom 
he should expedl them; for though he had lent the Use 
of the Cellar for a Season, to answer a certain Purpose; 
yet he would not give up his Property in it : Which put 
my Son under some Doubt what Course he must take to 
be safe; often telling Mr. Jones that he might send for 
the Wines when he pleased; but was desirous to avoid 
having any Contention with Mr. Bradley, and only wished 
to have Directions that were proper from one that would 
support him. Matters thus depending, and my Son 
dreaming no Harm; Mr. Jones gave him this Wound in 
the Dark, setting forth these Transactions in such a Man- 
ner, as shewed plainly the General was irritated, by what 
he had wrote to Bailiff Parker. But now on Enquiry 
before all the Magistrates (for I resolved to have it dis- 
cussed as publickly as might be) it appeared on full 
Proof, that my Son was perfedlly blameless; that he had 
never refused delivering the Trust's Wine; that there was 
not the least Shadow of his being concerned in so vile an 
Adl, as stripping the Trust of their Property; and that the 
only Thing he boggled at, was whether he was legally 
cautioned or not by Bradley about surrendering the 
Keys: Which the Magistrates now gave their Judgment 
in, and made an Order, that the Keys should be delivered 
up for the Use of the Trust: This my Son was very glad 
of, being thereby freed from any farther Care about it: 
And this might have been done much sooner, had Mr. 
Jones applied himself to the Magistrates, who would 
readily, at any Time, make Enquiry into Abuses of such 
Kind, if any there are, and redlify them: But that he 



COLONIAL EECOEDS. 341 

seems to think is condescending too much, and wherever nw^ 
he apprehends his Will is obstructed, he makes no Scru- M»y 
pie of heaping Abundance on the General for Advice; a 
great deal more (as some think) than the General cares 
to be troubled with, unless where Matters of Difficulty 
and Importance require it. My son could not help 
thinking this Adl of Mr. Jones's favoured of much Ill- 
will towards him, and must be represented in a very bad 
Light to the General, that it produced so sharp an An- 
swer; when he was conscious of no Crime he had com- 
mitted: And bringing fresh to his Remembrance the Dis- 
pleasure of the General, which he unhappily (tho* inno- 
cently) fell under in a former Affair (March lo.) It 
affected him deeply, and so discouraged him, that it be- 
came a Matter of great Confcern to myself. Lieutenant 
Delegal arrived in the Evening, on his Way to St, 
Simon's from Port-Royal. 

Tuesday. This Morning my Son delivered up the ». 
Keys of the Cellar for Mr. Jones's Use; taking one of 
his Men with him, to see that the two Pipes of Wine 
there for the Trust were perfedlly full, and in good Con- 
dition. Captain Desbrassie, and Ensign Maxwell, who 
arrived here on Saturday from the South, taking a Tour 
up the River to visit some Friends, and being not yet 
returned; and Lieutenant Delegal arriving here since^ in 
his Way from Port- Royal Southward; he thought fit to 
wait their coming, not knowing wlvat Orders he might 
meet with by them from the General. 

Wednesday, The General in a late Letter recom- 28. 
mending it to me to settle the Matter amicably, between 
those who hunt Cattle for themselves, and the Pindar 
appointed by him, great Variance already arising among 
them; I got the Pindar, and two or three of the princi- 
pal among the others, to my House; where with a little 
cool Reasoning, and soft Words, shewing them how 
much it was all their Interest to agree and be assisting 



342 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

to one another; I soon brought them to good Temper, "». 
and at length to (I hope) a perfedl Unity. On which May 
Occasion I cannot help reiledling on the like Success I 
have often met, in healing Discord among some that 
have been at Strife^ by the like Means; and it is most 
certain these People pay more Regard to gentle Treat- 
ment, than to Menaces; which generally sit sour upon 
them, and often do more Harm than Good. 

Thursday. Expected to have sent several Letters 24. 
(some of which were from myself, and some from oth- 
ers) to the South by Lieutenant Delegal, who was going 
to wait on the General, but I was disappointed; for he 
no sooner saw Captain Desbrassie and Ensign Maxwell, 
but he met with such Orders as obliged him to return to 
Port-Royal with them, on some particular Business of 
the Regiment; so that I knew no more when or how I 
should have Opportunity of sending them, than I did 
those I had prepared to go to England. 



Friday, ) The long-continued Series of perfedl ». 

Saturday. ) Health, which has been so remarkable «. 



ever since the last Fall, throughout the Colony, began a 
little to alter with us: The great Vicissitude of Weather, 
betwixt Thunder, Rain, and sultry Heats (all violent in 
their Terms for a few Days past) catched many People 
unawares, and taught them to be more cautious hereafter^ 
not to expose themselves to such Inclemencies more 
than Necessity required; from whence Fevers began to 
grow rife among us all on a sudden; and though I had 
been but little abroad of late at such Seasons, yet sev- 
eral ugly Symptoms began to tell me it was Time to 
take Care of myself; wherefore I thought it not amiss 
to confine myself these two Days, when by Abstinence, 
and a little Self-Defence, I began to hope the worst was 
over. Mr. Bradley called on me on Saturday, to let me 
know that he was going again to make a short trip to 
Charles-Town, if I had any Service that Way; and that 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 34a 

he intended not to stay there above three or four Days; i7». 
how far he meant as he said, he best knew himself; the May 
common Talk of the People was, that some of his best 26. 
and choicest Goods were sent before; such as Scrutores, 
fine Tables and Chairs, with other fashionable Furniture, 
which was mostly the Operation of an ingenious Work- 
man, whom either the Trust or Mr. Bradley paid (I know 
not which) and was employed many Months on such 
Curiosities; and as he had now but a small Remainder 
of his Family left here, which I knew not when he 
meant should follow the rest, I had no great Inclination 
to commit my Packet to his Care, that I designed for 
England; but would rather take another Chance. 

Sunday. Mr. Habersham, as before, continued to 27. 
read the Prayers and a Sermon; whilst the Return of 
Mr. Norris began now to be thought long. In the Even- 
ing by a trading Boat arriving, bound up the River, I 
had Opportunity of sending inclosed, under Cover, to 
Lieutenant Kent at Augusta, a Letter from the General 
to Mr. Willy in the Creek Nation. 

Monday. Nothing stirring that was worth Observa- sa. 
tion; only a Difference happening betwixt Captain Da- 
vis, Owner of a Snow laden with Lumber for the West- 
Indies, which now lay at Tybee ready for sailing, and 
the Master which he had put in her; it produced great 
Controversy before the Magistrates, where many People 
had the Curiosity to attend; and both of them pleaded 
their Parts so well, that there was great Difficulty in so 
uncommon a Case to decide it to general Satisfaction; 
neither was it ended the whole Day. 

Tuesday. The Contention yet continuing as Yester- 29. 
day betwixt Captain Davis and the Master, whose Name 
was Pope; it may not be improper to take some Notice 
of the Cause whence it arose; which from what I could 
colledl, was thus: Davis had newly built this Snow at 



844 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Port-Royal, where Pope, who was a good Carpenter, as nso^ 
well as a good Seaman, had a good Hand in hastening ^j 
the Work, and getting her out to Sea; when by Promise 
before made from Davis, he took to her as Master, and 
brought her to Savannah, where Davis had made his 
Abode for some Time, and now was settling in good Earn- 
est, having lately the Favour of one of the best Lots on 
the Strand granted him by the General, whereon he was 
intending to build a Dwelling-House and Store-House, 
&c. being a Man who in all Appearance traded with the 
most Money of any that use the Place, and had generally 
three or four Sloops, Snows, or such like Vessels, going 
and coming betwixt these Parts and Augustin, the West- 
Indies, or elsewhere, that he found most to his Advan- 
tage: In which Capacity he was looked on, and regarded, 
by all who wished well to the Colony, as an usefu l Man 
to promote Traflfick. But his most visible Foible, was 
keeping a Mulatto Servant (or Slave) who in Reality was 
his Mistress: For he had in former Years by trading 
much in the hottest Parts of America, contracted such 
Distempers, as well nigh bereft him of the Use of both 
his Legs and Arms: And this Girl (who was of an ex- 
ceeding fine Shape, and setting aside her swarthy Coun- 
tenance, might compare with an European) was of much 
Use to him; not only as an Helper to put on his Cloaths, 
dress him, and look after his Linen, &c. which she did to 
great Perfection; but having very good natural Parts 
also, and by Length of Time having obtained good 
Knowledge of his Business, and learnt to look into Ac- 
counts; he suffered almost every Thing to pass through 
her Hands, having such Confidence in her, that she had 
the Custody of all his Cash, as well as Books; and when- 
ever he ordered any Parcel of Silver to be weighed out 
for any Use, whether it were two or three hundred 
Ounces, more or less, in Dollars, she had the doing of it: 
And as this had been the Course for several Years past, 
wherein he had found her very faithful, and of great Serv- 
ice to him; it may easily be supposed the Life of such 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 345 

Slavery was not a heavy Burden upon her, and that she i7». 
had Art enough to shew, all Persons who had any Busi- May 
ness with Captain Davis, were expeAed not to treat her 
with Contempt. It so happened, that Pope, who is a 
rough Tar, and naturally surly, upon some Difference 
with this Damsel, made Use of some Words she did not 
like; and she wanted not to return in softer Terms what 
was not a Jot less provoking; whereupon he gave her a 
Stripe across the Face with her own Fan; and having 
raised such a Flame in the House, left it. The Snow 
was now at Tybee ready for sailing, and Mr. Robert Wil- 
liams, who had a good Share with Davis in the Loading, 
was intending, together with his Brother, to go Passen- 
gers to St. Kit's, where, upon their Arrival, it was agreed, 
that Williams should have the Dire(5lion of all Things, 
and to freight her from thence as he saw good, to what 
Port he thought most likely to turn to Account This 
(it seems) was what Pope neither expedled or liked, de- 
pending on it, that on the Delivery of the present Cargo 
at St. Kit^s, the whole Diredlion of all was to devolve 
to him, and that he was to be both Master and Super- 
cargo; on which Occasion some Words falling from him, 
which Davis could not well relish, and the Abuse of 
Madam being also fresh in Memory, Davis told him he 
discharged him from being Master of the Snow; and 
that he was ready, upon making up his Accounts, to clear 
with him, and pay him what was owing for Wages: To 
which the other replied, it was not in his Power to dis- 
charge him from the Ship in such a Manner, neither 
would he submit to it; and thereupon went hastily to his 
Boat in order to go immediately on board, and keep 
Possession: To prevent which Davis and Williams with 
some others, went to the Guard, and desired them to stop 
the Boat, as she was passing by; for that Pope was run- 
ning away with the Boat, and afterwards with the Ship, 
in a piratical Manner. And the Guard finding upon hail- 
ing the Boat, that they resolved to keep on their Way, 
did their Duty, and fired a Gun to bring them to; whereat 



346 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

they came ashore. This was on Sunday Night last about ^^»^ 
Eleven a Clock; and the next Day Complaint on all ^J 
Sides was made to the Magistrates, when the Complain- 
ants inveiged heavily against each other; but it was too 
knotty a Point for them to determine upon haste, being 
doubtful of their own Knowledge; and informed more- 
over, that it ought regularly to be brought before the 
Admiralty; wherefore they proceeded no farther, that to 
diredl Pope to make his Accounts with Davis as fast as 
he could; in order to which, his Chest was to be sent for 
ashore with his Papers; but he was not permitted to go 
aboard himself, without Davis's Knowledge, fearing the 
Consequence might be his going to Sea as soon as he 
set his Foot upon the Deck. So ended this Affair on 
Monday: And this Day divers Meetings were had again 
about it; when all Expedlance of accommodating Mat- 
ters were given over on both Sides; and hard Speeches, 
with Threats, succeeded. By this Time it began to be 
the Opinion of most Folk, that forasmuch as Mr. Robert 
Williams's Brother was to go a Passenger, who was a 
good Seaman, and had been Master of several Ships; it 
was thought expedient by them, that it would be well, 
as one of them had the Disposal of the Cargo, the other 
also might have the Diredlion of the Ship as Master; in 
order to which Captain Davis had been persuaded to lay 
hold of this Quarrel, and put James Williams in Master, 
in the Room of Pope, at so short Warning. 

Wednesday. The same Controversy still increasing, so 
drew the Attention of many People, especially such as 
made themselves Partisans in the Dispute; but I did not 
want Employment any Day sufficient to take up my 
Time, about my own proper Business, withbut meddling 
of what did not belong to me. Pope was now ready to 
make up his Accounts; but having the Register of the 
Ship in his Possession, could not be persuaded to give up 
that alledging that there were several Bonds out against 
him, which he had entered into as Master; beside, that 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 347 

the Sailors, who were all shipped by him, might come itsq. 
upon his for Wages for the Time he had been Master, in May 
case they had not a Mind to re-ship themselves under a 
new Master: Whereupon our naval Officer, Mr. Fallow- 
field, being out of Town, was sent for in order to get a 
new Register; and Mr. Williams, impatient at these De- 
lays, brought an Adlion against Pope of several hundred 
Pounds Damages, for detaining Vessel and Cargo; to 
answer which, Pope not readily finding Bail, Mr. Parker 
withdrew, not apprehending how such Damages could 
ensue, by a Vessel delayed a few Days, that was only 
loaden with Lumber; and Mr. Gilbert being likewise 
away, Mr. Christie took the farther Proceedings on him- 
self; and, at the Instance of the Complainants, committed 
Pope to Prison, for not offering Bail. 

Thursday. All pretty quiet this Day: Pope shut up «i. 
fast, made an open Field for his Adversaries to triumph 
in; and Mr. Fallowfield provided them with a new Reg- 
ister, to Content. Very near a Fortnight was now past, 
since I had prepared a Packet for the Trustees, to go by 
the Way of Charles-Town, or any other, if I could find 
it; but no Opportunity offered in all that Time, to my 
Sorrow, which I had too often experienced. 

Friday. Very early this Morning Mr. Williams and june 
his Brother went for Tybee, in order to bring the Snow 
to sail, which they seemed more than ordinary hurried in, 
upon some Intelligence they had got, that the Admiralty, • 
at the Instance of Pope, were intending to stop the Ves- 
sel. Pope was now out of Prison, upon offering Bail; 
and resolved not to sit quiet without carrying Matters 
as far as he could: Wherefore he in his Turn also brought 
an Adlion of Damages to the Value of /. against Da- 
vis, which he likewise was to find Bail to; and so for the 
present this Dispute ceased. Mr. Parker with me this 
Morning, complaining of Mr. Jones's dealing so intoler- 
ably with him, that he could not bear it, and that his 



348 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Servants whom the Trust had ordered to be provided for, i''^- 
would be obliged to leave him, and get their Bread J^^« 
where they could, Mr. Jones refusing to allow any Thing 
farther towards their Support; I told him that as I knew 
nothing of the Rules Mr. Jones went by, nor what Or- 
ders he might be under about the Delivery of Stores; 
it would not become me to be too officiously meddling; 
but his proper Way, was to apply to the General, who 
was now in the Province, and was the only Person to 
judge what was proper in this Case, as well as all others 
that required immediate Determination; and therefore I 
advised to put what he had to say in Writing, and send 
it to him, not doubting but he would take it into Consid- 
eration. 

Saturday. All People most worth regarding, looked 2. 
peaceably after their own Affairs, and attended what 
would conduce to their Benefit; especially the Planters, 
whose present Care was to subdue the Weeds from an- 
noying the Corn, &c. in its Growth; which my good 
Folk would have been well content to have allowed, un- 
less quickened by frequent Inspedlion. 

Sunday. That Notorious Rogue Isaac Bradford, who 8. 
was lately taken at Charles-Town, and brought back to 
Prison here, that he might answer for his Crimes at our 
Sessions (which were on his Account adjourned a while, 
till the principal Evidence against him returned, who at 
present was in the South) this Morning early found 
Means to break out of Prison; which gave Cause of Un- 
easiness to many People, who knowing him to be so 
dextrous and accomplished a Villain, expedled more 
Mischief to be done, unless he could soon be taken; 
which there were but little Hopes of. It was most Prob- 
able, that his Escape was owing to the Negligence of 
his Keeper, who had suffered several to get off in the 
same Manner; particularly the Ring-leader of those 
three Deserters from the Regiment, as formerly noted. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 349 

who could never since be recovered. Mr. Norris's Abode itw. 
in the South yet, showed that he was welcome there; J^°e 
and though he found some Marks of a cold Reception 
here at his first Arrival, from Causes that having been 
formerly taken Notice of, need not again be repeated 
{vide October 22.) yet his Absence was generally re- 
gretted to that Degree, that most People wished appar- 
ently for his Continuance among us, and no more 
Changes. Mr. Habersham in the mean while read the 
appointed Service of the Day, &c. as before. 

Monday. Bailiff Parker called on me, in the Fore- 4. 
noon again, and now told me, that his Case was become 
so desperate, as not to admit of any farther Delay, for 
that his Servants were upon leaving him, which must end 
in his own Destruction ; for that his Plantation now to 
be negledled, must occasion his irreparable Loss, it be- 
ing the principal Dependance he had for the next Year's 
Support of himself and Family; wherefore he was seek- 
ing to get a Boat and two or three Hands, which should 
carry him to wait on the General wherever he could find 
him. My Son, who was daily more intent on his in- 
tended Voyage to England, but had yet taken no Step 
towards it; upon hearing this, concluded it a lucky Con- 
juncture for him; forasmuch as he would by no Means 
stir in it, till he had first paid his Duty to the General, 
and thought he now had the fairest Opportunity he could 
wish: Wherefore he presently laid hold of it; and Mr. 
Parker and he agreeing upon it together, whilst I sat 
still and said nothing; in the Cool of the Evening they 
both set out for Frederica. 

Tuesday. Nothing particularly worth remembering 5. 
happened this whole Day, that came to my Knowledge. 

Wednesday. Peter Emery arrived with his Boat from «. 
Charles-Town, and brought two small Packets, which the 
Attorney- General sent me, that he had by two Ships 



350 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

newly arrived; and wrote a short Letter with them, ad- 17». 
vising me, that one of those Ships came by Way of J°»*« 
Madera, and the other in six Weeks from London; by 
which he found he might expedl some more Letters by 
another Ship which sailed some Days before him. In 
these Packets were Letters for the General, &c. and one 
for 'me from Mr. Verelst of the 15th of February; in- 
closing Copy of the Minutes on Mr. Cooksey's Petition! 
and referring several Resolutions taken thereon by the 
Common Council, for me to inquire into Fadls, and re- 
port them to the honourable Trustees. Mr. Verelst was 
pleased also to signify to me, the favourable Disposition 
of those Gentlemen, to gratify my Request formerly 
made, concerning Joseph Watson's five hundred Acre- 
Lot; which I had wrote them he never had a Grant of, 
nor shewed any Regard to; and at that Time I had a 
great Inclination to fix upon, for Reasons then given; 
wherefore they were now pleased to diredl, that I should 
state the Case with respedl to Watson's Pretensions to it, 
or the Value of any Improvements made upon it. Mr. 
Verelst farther added, that my Journals and Letters to 
November 21, were come to hand, and would be an- 
swered by the Mary Ann, Captain Shubrick, who has 
been arrived at Carolina several Weeks since, and is now 
at Frederica (as I hear) but no News of any Letters by 
him for me yet. 



Thursday. Understanding early in the Morning, that 
a Boat was setting out South by Order of Mr. Jones, 
who (it was said) intended to go as far as Skeedoway, 
expedling there to find Captain Desbrassie, &c. on their 
Return to St. Simon's from Port-Royal; and Information 
coming Yesterday, that the Scout-Boat those Gentlemen 
went in, was seen to turn in at Augustin Creek, making 
their Way South: Thereupon I would not let so fair an 
Opportunity slip, of sending those Letters to the Gen- 
eral, &c. which I received Yesterday; but putting them 
all under one Cover, diredled to the General at St. Si- 



7. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 351 

mon's, I sent my Packet to Mr. Joneses Care; writing ^n»^ 
also therewith, a few Lines to the General from myself. J»i^e 
Afterwards I went to make my People a Visit, and see 
how well they followed their Work, in fulfilling the last 
Directions given them; and here I employed good Part 
of my Time this Day. 

Friday. Mr. Jones returned this Morning from Skeed- 8. 
oway, where he missed Captain Desbrassie^ who continued 
yet at Port-Royal; but found Lieutenant Delegal, who was 
going South with the Boat; to whom he told me he had 
given Charge of my Packet to the General, together with 
others Letters. What the Occasion of this secret Expe- 
dition was, I could not learn. Mr. Habersham, the 
School-Master, having received a large Packei of Letters 
from Mr. Whitfield, by the same Ship that brought those 
I received on Wednesday last, directed to many People 
in the Town; among whom I was one; he went with 
particular Delight to deliver them, and rejoice at the 
good News of Mr. Whitfield's being appointed to return 
again to his former Charge at Savannah, which those 
Letters from him imported. As to myself, I must own, 
that it was a Matter of more Indifference; for as I 
thought Mr. Whitfield, when among us, took great Pains 
in preaching God's Word, and doing his Duty; so I can- 
not say Mr. Norris was defective in his; and as he was 
particularly recommended by the honourable Trustees, 
for being a Person of very good Qualifications, so I found 
him; and in Obedience to their Orders, gladly did what 
lay in my Power to promote a good Opinion of him 
among the People at his first coming; which by his good 
Conduct he had now well established. 

Saturday. Captain Hunt, Master of a Brigantine 9. 
that traded to these Parts from New- York, arrived from 
St. Simon's again, where he had been once before, offer- 
ing his Cargo to Sale; but having (it seems) some Rum 
on board him, which he said he was bound to Province 



352 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

with; the General was so offended at his daring Presump- «^ 
tion to bring it into Harbour, that he would not allow J^n® 
him to dispose of any other Goods among them; where- 
fore after having been and disposed of his Rum else- 
where, he made this second Offer to sell the rest of his 
Cargo, but in that, he did not yet succeed, the late Of- 
fence given being too fresh in Memory: Nevertheless, it 
was manifest (as I thought) that most of the Loading 
was disposed of some how or another, by the Vessel's 
appearing so much lighter in the Water, than she for- 
merly did. He brought no Letters, except one from Mr. 
Jones; nor any particular Advices, only that our Minister, 
Mr. Norris, was soon coming to us again, in order to take 
Leave of his Friends. 

Sunday. Mr. Habersham continued the publick Serv- lo. 
ice of the Church, Morning and Afternoon, and took 
Occasion to read an Epistle he had received from Mr. 
Whitfield, who had diredled him to do it publickly to the 
Congregation; wherein he acquainted them with his being 
appointed their Minister, that he was returning to them 
soon, and exhorted them to bear in Mind the DoArine 
he had formerly preached among them, &c. In the 
Evening arrived Donald Stewart, with his small Sloop 
from Frederica; where he had been some Time to at- 
tend Mr. Brownfield, carrying divers Goods thither to 
dispose of; and now Mr. Norris, our Minister, returned 
with him; who reported, that he had been exceedingly 
kindly treated by the People there, in every Respedl; and 
that the General had been pleased to give him great 
Countenance and Marks of Esteem. He acquainted me, 
that Captain Shubrick had been there several Days, de- 
livering what was committed to his Charge from the 
Trust; and brought me a Packet from them, which was 
given to the Captain's Care; wherein I found divers Let- 
ters for several People, and one from Mr. Verelst of 
March 3, which contained some weighty Matters that 
would require due Consideration and Obedience, &c. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 363 

But it was not in my Power to write any Thing immedi- ^i7»^ 
ately about it to the Trust, having delivered to Peter Jyj|« 
Emery a Packet, which he was to proceed with to-morrow 
Morning early for Charles-Town (on various Business of 
other People) and glad I was at last, after three Weeks 
Waiting, to catch this Opportunity; so uncertain and rare 
does any happen, to keep a due Correspondence with 
England. The Packet that I now sent, was direAed (by 
a Letter I sent with it) to the Care of Mr. Hopton, whom 
always I found very pundlual in dispatching whatever 
came to his Hand; and the last which I sent, he had the 
good Luck to forward the same Day he received it, by 
Captain Watts in the Greyhound, dated April 21, as this 
was May 19. 

Whit-Monday. High Holy-Day among most of our 11. 
common People in Town; but such as were concerned 
in planting, could spare no Time from close Attendance 
in dressing their Land, to preserve the Fruit of the 
Ground from being over-run with Weeds. 

Tuesday. Captain Wood of Frederica having been is. 
some Time at Charles-Town on Account of Traffick; on 
his Return, stopt here since Sunday last; by whom I took 
Occasion to write to the General, and send several other 
Letters, which I gave him before his Departure. Duchee 
the Potter, who I formerly took notice had agreed with 
the General, to build a Wharf under our Bluff, for the 
better Landing of Goods, having framed most of it, be- 
gan to set it up; but for some Days past, finding many 
Difficulties in fixing a certain Foundation in the loose 
Sand, without Piles; and often altering his Purpose, now 
seemed determined how to proceed, in the Manner we 
saw; which from what I could judge, as well as many 
others of better Experience in such Works, did not prom- 
ise any long Duration, for divers Reasons which I 
thought were apparent. 

S8e p— t4 



354 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Wednesday. Several Indian Traders began now to ^itw^ 
apply for Licences; some to obtain new, and some to re- ^^^ 
new their old ones; Wherein it was my Duty to acquaint 
the General with the Circumstances as I found them, and 
take his Orders. I learnt by most of them, that divers 
of the Nation began to seek Occasion of falling out with 
one another: Better so, than by too long Peace among 
themselves, to differ with us, whose Business it is to avoid 
taking Part with one or the other, or meddling in their 
Quarrels (at least openly.) 

Thursday. Devoted this Day almost wholly to my u. 
little Plantation; wherein falling so far short of the Num- 
ber of Acres I had last Year, through the Defedl of bad 
Servants, that instead of fifteen, I could not reckon fully 
ten; I made it my Care that what I had, should be at 
least as well dressed and cultivated as any of my Neigh- 
bors: And the Crop this Year generally promising very 
well, I concluded I should have as great a Produce, at 
least, as last Year, out of a larger Piece of Ground, when 
a dry Season and bad Seed was a great Baulk to most 
People: And from, hence also I concluded a pretty just 
Estimate might be made hereafter, of what might be ex- 
pedled by a diligent Planter, if the Land were reasonably 
good, to pay him for his Labour. 

Friday. Little in Town worth Notice. In some Con- is. 
versation with Mr. Norris, I found he was somewhat un- 
easy at his Appointment here being superseded by the 
honourable Trustees, to make Way for Mr, Whitfield, who 
(he said) had found Means to supplant him; which he 
thought little agreed with that open Simplicity which was 
made so distinguishing a Part of his Character, by his 
Imtimates at this Place; who with the like Candour had 
donfe what in them lay, to lessen him in the good Opinion 
of the People, though not with that Success they ex- 
pec^led; for he must do them the Justice to acknowledge, 
he had found a kind Reception from the Generality, and 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 356 

a Readiness to attend the publick Service; wherefore he vj^ 
was sorry to leave them: Nevertheless he should con- Jgj*® 
tinue doing his Duty, till Mr. Whitfield% showed him his 
Authority to take his Place; and then (he seemed deter- 
mined) upon quitting it, to quit America with it. I told 
him I was very sorry to hear that; for indeed I thought 
him a valuable Man, of good Endowments, constant in 
his Duty, exceeding affable and courteous, and wholly 
inoffensive in his Behaviour throughout: Wherefore I 
would persuade him not to resolve too hastily in it, since 
I was confident the Trustees meant it as no Disfavour 
towards him, and without Doubt would have an equal 
kind Regard to him whatever Part of the Province he 
resided in; Which he said little to at present, and so we 
parted. 

Saturday. Arrived a Pettyaguafrom Frederica.mostly is. 
laden with Corn; which surely was the first Instance of 
that Kind; and it would have been indeed worth noting, 
had it not been the Produce of the South; but that Time 
is not yet come, nor (it is to be hoped) will Savannah 
suffer her younger Sister to contribute more to her Sup- 
port, than she has done for herself, or will do hereafter. 
This Corn (as the Master reported) came from the North- 
ern Settlements in Carolina; and the Stores being pretty 
well provided in the South, it was ordered, without land- 
ing there, to come to the Aid of those who stood in Need 
of it in Savannah; where (be it as it would) it was ex- 
ceeding welcome, to People who at that Time were in 
Want of Bread. 

Sunday. Mr. Norris officiated regularly at Church, i7. 
and administered the Sacrament; which he was prevented 
from doing the Sunday before, by a long Passage from 
Frederica by Water. 

Monday. Spent some Time again with my People is. 
abroad, giving what Diredlions were needful. The late 



356 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Rains we had, which were so seasonable and refreshing, i^ 
began now to come on in so ^reat Abundance, having Jj^e 
continued daily, more or less, for three Weeks past, that 
several of our Plantations in the low Lands were over- 
flowed, and the Corn (we feared) was in Danger of suf- 
fering Damage. Mr. Bradley returned home from his 
late Expedition to Charles -Town, where his Business was 
known to himself only. In the Evening my Son also, and 
Mr. Parker, returned from the South; where I before took 
Notice of the Occasion of their going (vide 4th Instant) 
Mr. Parker found his Ends in some Measure answer'd, by 
some present kind Relief from the General, who prom- 
ised him to take it into farther Consideration, as soon as 
he came to Savannah, which he designed the Beginning 
of next Month; from whence he intended to take a far- 
ther Progress into some of the Indian Nations, where 
we heard he was earnestly expeAed, and his Presence 
would be of great Use, at this Time especially, when the 
French and Spaniards were busy infusing what Mischief 
they could, by endeavouring to alienate their Affe(5lions 
from us. My Son, I found, had little Satisfa<5lion from 
his Journey; the General, he said, retained yet a strong 
Suspicion of his being an Accomplice in some intended 
Fraud, about those Wines of the Trustees, remaining in 
Bradley's Cellar; notwithstanding that full and open Ex- 
amination made into it, as related on 21 ult. when there 
appeared not the least Room for any Suspicion of such 
a vile Pra<5lice; from whence my Son concluded his 
CharaAer was so deeply stained by Mr. Jones, that he 
despaired of ever setting it right again with the General, 
which sat very heavy upon him; and indeed affeAed me 
also now pretty much, to see a young Man (my Son) 
whom I knew to be endued with a virtuous Disposition, 
and scorn'd to be guilty of base A(5ls, and using little 
mean Arts to conceal them; but was always open and 
honest, and dared be so, whomsoever he might give Of- 
fence to, through Want of Caution perhaps in his Words: 
To see him so ill treated by a Person whom he neither 



1 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 367 

deserved, nor expcdled it from (I mean Mr. Jones) it put rj^ 
me upon a little Reflexion on divers former Passages be- Jjj^® 
twixt him and me; where he had too plainly discovered 
(as I thought) what an Opinion he had conceived of my 
Abilities, so far short of his own, whose Vanity led him 
to imagine he saw clearly to the Bottom of other Peo- 
ples Capacities, whilst his was unfathomable; which Con- 
ceit of his, he was welcome to enjoy; but when those 
boasted Talents, in Contempt of all others, are employed 
to the Injury of such as have done no 111, but perhaps 
stand suspe(5led by him, that they may possibly in Time 
be looked on too Favourably; to get rid of such, may, 
for ought I know, require the Skill of a Man of deep 
Reach (an Expression he is very fond of) but I fear it 
will in Justice require another Name. In short, I began 
to think it was Time for me no longer to look on Mr. 
Jones a Friend to me, or mine; which would have been 
no Ways incompatible, as I apprehend, with either of 
our Duties to the Trust, whom we served. 

Tuesday. Mr. Obrien, a Keeper of Stores at New- 19. 
Windsor, coming to Town last Night, called on me, and 
brought with him several Licences from some of our In- 
dian Traders, to be renewed in this Province; which I 
would lay before the General, together with some others 
of the like Sort for its DireAion; to whom I wrote in 
the Evening, and sent it by Mr. Phelps, a Keeper of 
Stores with us, who was to set out early for the South, 
glad of such an Opportunity, which I would not miss, 
not knowing when I might find another. Mr. Parker 
came and told me, that he had been with Mr. Jones, to 
confer with him on what the General had said at Fred- 
erica; when Mr. Jones took out some sola Bills; (Part 
of them which the Trustees wrote were to be issued by 
Mr. Jones, Mr. Parker, and myself, or any two of us) 
desiring he would sign them; which Mr. Parker said he 
demurred at, asking him if he had offered any of them 
to me for that Purpose; by whom he was informed of 



358 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

the Trustees Orders; which were, that the Bills to be is- i789. 
sued by any two of us three, were likewise to be ac- ^^^^ 
counted for by them that issued them, who were to 
certify what Uses the Produce of said Bills had been ap- 
plied to; which he did not conceive was possible to be 
done, when the Bills so signed, were no longer within his 
Cognizance how disposed of. Though I heard, that Mr. 
Jones had a considerable Quantity of those Bills by him 
for some Days past, I was no Ways disturbed at not be- 
ing taken any Notice of about them, so far was I from 
coveting to meddle with Matters that were not well un- 
derstood at present, and might subjedl me to great In- 
conveniencies hereafter, in accounting for. 

Wednesday. This Morning I understood that Mr. 20- 
Jones went off very early for Frederica, to wait on the 
General; that he went out of Town on Horseback, in 
Company with two or three others, among whom Mr. 
Phelps was one, to whom I had given my Letters last 
Night, knowing no better; that they intended to ride so 
far as Mr. Fallowfield's Plantation, to which Place they 
had sent a Boat round to meet them. About Noon Mr. 
Upton arrived from the South, who brought no Advice 
of any Kind for me; but had a Letter for Mr. Jones, 
whom he missed meeting by the Way: He had the Pleas- 
ure to tell me, that the General had been very kind to him, 
in taking the Land off his Hands, which had been granted 
him near Frederica, and made him a new Grant on the 
Island called AUhony, lying a little beyond Sweedoway 
Southward: That what he had done on his other Planta- 
tion, he was to be paid for as should be valued, which 
the General would convert to pious Uses, &c. More In- 
dian Traders were now frequently coming, this being the 
usual Season of the Year for granting Licences: Two 
such were with me this Day, who were told by me, the 
General intending to be here very soon himself, it would 
be needless to write to him any more about those Mat- 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 359 

ters, which he would give his Diredlions about when he i789. 
came. •'^J® 

Thursday. Heavy Rains continued to fall daily, which 21. 
would admit of very little Attendance from any at their 
Plantations, and began to ra.ise fearful Apprehensions of 
much Damage. Time past since the Date of my last 
Packet to the Trust, put me in Mind that another might 
be now expedled; wherefore I began to prepare what 
was needful, and stirred but little from home, nor did I 
hear any Thing worth regarding abroad. 

Friday. Busy good Part of the Day in finishing my 22. 
Dispatches for England. It was currently reported about 
Town, that we might have had a little Money circulated 
among us, had not I been the Occasion of the contrary, 
by refusing to sign the issuing of a great many sola Bills, 
which had been offered me by Mr. Jones: Whereat I was 
the less surprized, expedling some such malicious Turn 
might be given to what passed betwixt Messieurs Parker 
and Jones on the 19th, wherein I was no Party, nor had 
any Bills been offered me; but Parker's refusing was con- 
strued by Mr. Jones my Advice; though in Truth I had 
not any Way consulted Parker, nor knew any Thing that 
passed, till Mr. Parker informed me of it; when I must 
confess I told him that I thought the Answer he had 
given Mr. Jones was right. From hence I had Reason 
to imagine, that Mr. Jones's sudden Expedition South 
arose from these Grounds. 

Saturday. Nothing observable happened this Day; 28 
but late in the Evening arrived a Pettyagua, sent by the 
Attorney-General, with two Men and five Women from 
Saltzburgh, together with sundry Goods, which he wrote 
me were lately arrived per Captain Harramond, and con- 
signed to him by the Trust, with their Diredlion to for- 
ward them to Mr. Jones; whereof he was to give me 
Notice, viz. eighty Barrels of Flour, thirty Casks of 



360 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Butter, fourteen of Cheese, and a Box of Books tor Mr. w» 
Norris: With these came also a large Packet from the Jg« 
Trust to me, wherein I found great Store of Letters; 
some for these Parts, and many more for the South; es- 
pecially divers for the General: What concerned me 
particularly was a Letter from Mr. Verelst of the 2d of 
April, signifying the Pleasure of the honourable Trustees 
in divers Matters of Importance; wherein they required 
me to a<5l in Conjunction with Mr. Parker, Jones, &c. 
invicem, as Occasion required: And withal had sent a 
Commission, empowering us three to examine and state 
the Truth of sundry Accounts, certified by Mr. Causton 
to be owing from the Trust: Moreover to examine and 
state the several Debts owing by the Store in Georgia 
the loth of OAober last; with which Commission came 
also Instru(5lions for executing it, and for examining and 
stating the Accounts of Messeurs Causton and Bradley: 
These were Matters of so great Moment, that I had not 
Confidence sufficient in my own Abilities, to acquit my- 
self, as I wished to do; but resolved to shew my Good- 
will towards it as well as I could, in not declining to adl 
as far as my Understanding would admit. By several 
Passages in this Letter, I was now fully convinced, that I 
had not misconstrued the former DireAions sent to Mr. 
Parker and me, relating to our joint issuing, together 
with Mr. Jones, divers sola Bills; as per Mr. Verelst's 
Letter of the 3d of March; which Mr. Jones told Mr. 
Parker, we had no more to do with, than only to sign our 
Names (vide 19th Instant;) for now we were plainly ap- 
pointed to cheque the Delivery of not only those Stores 
now sent, but also the Remains of all others. As Mr. 
Jones was now in the South attending the General, and 
we should probably (I thought) see upon his Return, 
what the General's InstruAions to him were, relating to 
those Bills, &c. and his Excellence being also expedled 
very soon himself, I most heartily wished to find the 
Way made plain wherein I was to walk, that I might not 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 361 

be subjc<5t to stumble so frequently, and in Danger of i^ 
falling into Displeasure, do what I could. Jjf* 

Sunday. Mr. Norris did his Duty at Church as became "• 
a good Man; and after the publick Service was over, I 
thought it no Breach of the Sabbath, to divulge the wel- 
come News I had received of the honourable Trustees 
being about preparing an Act, to enable the Possessors of 
Land in Georgia, in case of Want of Issue Male, to dis- 
pose of it by Deed or Will to their Daughters, or for 
Want of such, to their other Relations, and their Issue 
Male, &c. Such Tidings soon spread thro' the Town; 
now would it be unknown long in all Parts of the Prov- 
ince, to the great Joy of many People: And (if I may 
venture to speak so plain, without giving Offence) I am 
fully persuaded in myself, that the same Act of Grace a 
few Months ago, would have produced a hundred Acres 
at least of Corn more than we can now find is planted in 
this Part of the Colony this Year; and I am very confi- 
dent a visible good Effect will arise from it in another. 

Monday. This being the Grand Anniversary of the 26. 
Free Masons every where (as it is said) the Brethren with 
us would not let it pass without due Observance: Mr. 
Norris accordingly was asked to give them a Sermon, 
which had been customary with his Predecessors; and he 
made them an ingenious Discourse, with a decent and 
proper Application: From Church they marched in sol- 
emn Order to Dinner at a publick House, the Warden 
Dr. Tailfer (who likes Pre-eminence as well as any Man) 
attended by four or five with Wands, and red Ribbands in 
their Bosoms, as Badges of their several Offices, took 
Place foremost; but the Train that followed in white 
Gloves and Aprons, amounted only to about Half a Dozen 
more; which some, who are apt to burlesque the Order, 
turned into Ridicule. My principal Affair this Day was, 
to send off those Packets and Letters to the General 
which I received on Saturday; wherein I met with no 



362 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

small Trouble: None that I could apply to, would go ™^ 
without ready Money; till at last I prevailed with one to J^« 
undertake it, upon my personal Engagement to be his 
Pay-Master, and then he went. 

Tuesday. Messieurs Samuel Brown and McBane, two 26. 
Indian Traders, came to Town from Augusta last, and 
brought me a Letter from Lieutenant Kent there; to- 
gether with one Wright, whom Mr. Kent wrote he had 
sent a Prisoner; having lately taken him, and was the 
same who was taken up last Summer, committed to Prison 
here, and broke out of Goal on the 25th of July with 
Hctherington, Bishop, &c. But in their Way down the 
River now, a fatal Accident happened to one Evans, who 
was one of the two sent to guard the Prisoner; his Gun 
by some Means unknown going off, killed him outright; 
which was the more to be lamented, for that he was a 
sober, diligent young Man, well looked on by all that 
knew him, was lately out of his Servitude, and gave more 
promising Hopes of future Good to be expedled from 
him, than too many do. A great Misfortune of another 
Kind, came to our Knowledge also; which was, that very 
much Damage was done to the Goods which came by the 
Pettyagua on Saturday, and which was now unloading: 
The Flour and Cheese especially appeared so damnified, 
that it was feared little or none of it could be saved, the 
Wet having gone to the very Heart of the Casks; from 
whence it was the Opinion of the most knowing People 
here, that the Damage was done at Sea; for it is univer- 
sally agreed, that a Cask of Flour well packed, though 
it stand several Days in the Rain (as this did in an open 
Pettyagua) yet will not take wet more than an Inch in; 
but this in general appeared musty and stinking to the 
Centre of it, where they bored to try; from whence it is 
judged it must have laid in Water in the Ship's Hold. I 
advised, that two or three Men of honest Chara<5ters, and 
good Understanding, among whom one to be a Baker, 
should take a Survey of it all upon Oath: Such being 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 363 

found, and looking into several Casks before they were ija©^ 
sworn, they reported to me, that the whole Cargo of ^^^ 
Flour and Cheese was lost; which I was not so satisfied 
in, but to tell them, that till they had stripped the Casks 
off, and gone to the Heart of it, and reported them upon 
Oath as they found it, I thought it was of no Significance: 
Whereupon, as Mr. Jones was expedled soon, who was 
not yet returned from Frederica, they were of Opinion 
it would be best to wait his coming; which I had no Ob- 
jection to, the Goods being all carried into the Store, 
and a Receipt given to the Master of the Pettyagua for 

the whole Cargo much damaged, by Harris, who 

adls under Mr. Jones; as he told me himself. I fear no 
Care was taken at Charles-Town, upon taking the Goods 
out of the Ship, to see whether or not they came in good 
Order and well conditioned, as in the Bill of Lading: 
And if so, it is farther to be doubted if Satisfaction for 
the Damage will with great Difficulty be come at. 

Wednesday. Little to be done in Town; wherefore 27. 
I took Occasion to look again into what my few Hands 
were doing at my Plantation; which I found drenched with 
Water by the heavy Rains, which had fallen for so long 
a while past, and did not yet cease in frequent Showers; 
but we hoped yet upon Change of Weather, to find the 
Corn recover. Fevers began now to grow rife, occasioned 
by a thick^ unwholesome Air, and sultry Heat; but they 
did not yet prove very mortal: Only Mr. Bradley lay 
dangerously ill, in one that he brought home with him. 

Thursday. Not the least Appearance this whole Day 28. 
of any Thing worth taking any Notice of. 

Friday. The same. Mr. Jones staying so long from 29. 
home, gave Occasion to many of thinking that he would 
return when the General came, and not before; and as I 
had good Reason to believe, that the Dispatches from the 
Trust, &c. which I sent off on Monday last, were now 



364 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

before the General; I hoped he would so well consider i7». 
of those DireAions I had received from the Trust, that J^n« 
I might be under no Mistake in the Constru<5tion of 
them, nor become liable to any Blame for not executing 
them. 

Saturday. All Things seemed at a Stand, and scarcely ». 
any Body stirring. The Stores had no Flesh Provision 
of any Kind to give out to the German Trust Servants, 
who were ill satisfied to live upon Bread Kind alone, 
till better could be; tho' it was too evident, that the 
Bread they eat was more than they earned; and many 
poor People in Town (that I knew) were hard put to it 
to provide that for themselves. Some proper Course, 
without Doubt, would be taken by the General when he 
came, to make such Provision for the future, as he should 
think necessary. »This proving a fine Day, and the only 
one without Rain for a long while past, we hoped good 
Summer Weather was coming seasonably, to ripen the 
Fruits of the Earth. 

Sunday. The publick Service was performed by Mr. July 
Norris with due Decency: About Noon happened a most 
violent Tornado, with such a Gust of Wind and Rain, 
as we had scarcely seen the like, holdirig for about Half 
an Hour; in which Time several of the Huts and weaker 
Buildings about Town were blown down, and even the 
strongest shook, so that we were apprehensive of much 
Mischief; and there was Reason to fear, that we should 
find a great deal of the strongest Corn blown down. 

Monday. People upon a Review of what Damages i 
the Storm Yesterday might occasion, had the Satis- 
faction to find it much short of their Fear; so that the 
old Adage of being more afraid than hurt, was literally 
verified: And the Weather again promising fair in Ap- 
pearance, we hoped the foul had taken its Leave in this 
last Effort. Many Indian Traders were now in Town, 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 365 

in order to get Licences; for which End they waited the ^i^ 
General's Arrival, whom, together with Mr. Jones, we looked Jj^y 
for every Day. Several printed Papers (being Extradls 
of the Weekly Miscellany in London, N® 320.) were sent 
from Charles-Town by some Persons there, to their Ac- 
quaintance here;, in which Mr. Whitfield particularly, as 
well as the whole Se<5l of Methodists, were so animad- 
verted on, that it was like to be the Entertainment of 
most publick Conversation, for some Time; and appeared 
to be an odd Preparative for Mr. Whitfield's Reception, 
whenever he came. It is said that Mr. Cooksey brought 
over a Number with him when he came to Charles-Town 
lately; where I am informed he has taken up his Resi- 
dence, and bid Adieu to Georgia, for some Time at least. 

Tuesday. John Penrose, whom I hired to go with his ». 
Boat on the 25th ult. for Frederica, and carry that Packet 
to the General, now returned, and brought me a short 
Letter from Mr. Jones, signifying, that the General in- 
tended to set out from Frederica as Yesterday, or this 
Day at farthest, in his Way hither, and thence up into 
some of the Nations; so that we looked for him now 
every Day. Hearing that one Mr. Cattle was in Town, 
who is a Merchant in Charles-Town, I found him, and 
asked the Favour of him to carry a small Packet, which 
I had for Mr. Verelst, desiring he would deliver it to 
Mr. Hopton's Care, whom I also wrote to with it; and 
he readily promised me to do it, intending to be going 
very early to-morrow Morning. N. B. This was the 
Packet which I inclosed on the 22d ult. and this was the 
first Opportunity I could find since of sending it. 

Wednesday. Rain ceasing now for two or three Days, 4. 
and hot Weather succeeding, as in this Part of the Year 
might be expedled, the Waters began to sink away, 
which had overflowed the low Lands, and done much 
Damage in some Places; but there remained still an Ap- 
pearance of a plentiful Crop in general, though some 



366 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

few might suffer Loss. The printed Paper mentioned ^im 
two Days since to have been made publick among us, J^^y 
began to show the Effedl that I expe<5led it would pro- 
duce; People of all Ranks engaging fiercely in Disputes 
(as is too common in religious Matters) and it was pretty 
difficult for any one to avoid discovering his Sentiments 
therein, howsoever cautious he might be, not to meddle 
in Controversy: Whilst it afforded Sport, not only to 
Jews and Deists, but many of our Protestant Dissenters 
from the Church of England, could not but sneer at 
such Divisions. It ought nevertheless to be observed, 
that Mr. Norris manifested a meek Disposition, and De- 
sire to promote Peace, without offering to blemish the 
Character of his Successor, whom (he said) he was ready 
to surrender to, as soon as he showed his Authority from 
the Trustees. This was what only I thought Worth No- 
tice this Day, and wished it less, for I feared great Dis- 
cord ensuing. 

Thursday. An uncertain Report going about for two 5. 
Days past, of a Man being drowned, or some how lost, 
out of a Sloop lying at Anchor here; whereof Captain 
Davis had two now, which he intended to send abroad on 
some Trade or other; Providence so ordered it, that the 
Corpse floated this Morning, and was brought ashore, and 
left by the Tide very near us on the Strand: Whereupon 
the Recorder, who a<5led as Coroner, summoned a Jury, 
who upon Inspection of the Body, with the Assistance 
of two experienced Surgeons that probed several Wounds 
given, brought in their Verdidl Wilful Murder, by Per- 
sons yet unknown to them. It appeared, that a certain 
Person who was said to have had some Contention with 
the Deceased on board, some Days ago, was now miss- 
ing, and gone out of the Way, supposed to be fled; and 
there were some Circumstances by which divers were apt 
to imagine, that the Master of the Sloop himself (one 
Brixy) was not wholly guiltless, but at least knew of what 
was done, and never discovered it: No positive Evidence 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 367 

yet however appeared, sufficient to found a Charge nw. 
against him; but it was to be hoped by some Means or J^iy 
other so base a Murder would ere long come to Light, 
and the Authors meet with due Justice: In the Interim 
the Master of the Sloop, and two of his Men, who were 
under the strongest Suspicion, from what the Mate de- 
posed, (viz. that they had been all quarreling) were con- 
fined, till it could be seen what farther Evidence might 
appear; and due Course was also taken, that such Evi- 
dence as could be come at, should be forth coming when 
required. 

Friday. To-morrow being the Anniversary of the «. 
Day, when the first Court was holden at Savannah, proper 
Care was taken to summon a Grand Jury, and to open it 
as customary at the stated Time. Nothing fell within 
my Knowledge, that I thought deserved any Remark; 
and I resolved not to meddle in any Contention touch- 
ing our future spiritual Welfare, which at present was the 
Employment of more Tongues, that would be of any 
good Use, as I thought. 

Saturday. The Court sat, the Grand Jury was sworn, 7. 
received a proper Charge, and had divers Matters com- 
mitted to their Consideration: After which the Court ad- 
journed till next Thursday; before which Time we hoped 
to see the General, who was looked for with some Ap- 
pearance of Certainty this Day; but in vain. 

Sunday. Mr. Norris officiated, and the publick Serv- 8. 
ice was performed with due Decency. Information be- 
ing made, late in the Evening Yesterday, against a Per- 
son now in Town, for uttering some Words among the 
Soldiers (where he had been lately) magnifying the good 
Living of the Spanish Troops at Augustin, in Compari- 
son of the short Allowance of ours here, &c. tending to 
their Discouragement; he was ordered into the Custody 



368 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

of our Guard, where he was detained, in order to make ™^ 
a full Examination into it to-morrow. . ^^ 

Monday. The first News I met with this Morning •• 
was, that the Fellow who was taken into Custody Yester- 
day (whose Name was Kipp) was gone off, and not to be 
found. Upon Enquiry I understood, that the Foundation 
of committing him, appearing doubtful, forasmuch as it 
arose only from the Report of a Person in Town, newly 
returned from Frederica, and no Information given upon 
Oath; Mr. Christie thought proper to give him the Lib- 
erty of walking about Town, upon one of the Freehold- 
ers engaging for his Appearance: But now his going off 
in such a Manner, carried in it such a Shew of Guilt, that 
a Hue and Cry was sent out, to take him if they could. 
Our Expectations of seeing the General this Day were 
again baulked; but in the Evening Mr. Jones came, whom 
we looked on at this Time as his Forerunner; and told us 
he believed he would be with us to-morrow. 

Tuesday. The Court sat, and received from the Grand lo. 
Jury such Indictments and Presentments as they had pre- 
pared; among which were three Indictments they had 
found against some of the Persons concerned in the late 
Murder, whereof one was against Brixy the Master of 
the Sloop. In the Evening the General arrived from the 
South, and was received under a Discharge of the Can- 
non, and about forty of the Freeholders under Arms; 
which he was pleased to say, was more than he expe<5led 
not run away. 

Wednesday. Upon my acquainting the General ii. 
(among other Things) with what Circumstances Matters 
appeared relating to Murder, which were very strong, but 
no positive Evidence of Fact; he was of Opinion not to 
proceed too hastily on the Trial, but postpone it for a 
while, in Hopes of making the Proof clear; and I ac- 
quainted the Magistrates with it, who thereupon ad- 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 369 

journed the Court to Monday next. My Duty requiring vtm. 
close Attendance on his Excellence, to learn his Pleas- Jniy 
ure, most Part of the Day was so taken up; when he was 
pleased to discourse freely, and lay open his Sentiments 
on divers Matters of great Importance. . 

Thursday. The General's Stay among us being very li. 
likely to be short, many People successively sought Au- 
dience of him, on various Occasions; whom he dis- 
patched in such Manner as he saw good: But as he called 
on me pretty frequently, either to give Dire<5lion, or en- 
quire into such Matters as he thought proper; it behoved 
me to be near at Hand, so that I saw little of what 
passed elsewhere in Town. Upon a Survey of the Flour 
lately imported, it was found totally bad, and stinking; 
insomuch that it was believed to be old cast Goods when 
shipped, that were imposed villanously on the Trust: 
The Cheese escaped with some small Damage, and the 
Butter with less. 



Friday. Several of the Indian Traders now in Town u. 
applying for Licences, and Mr. Charles Wesley having 
taken all the Books and Rules with him to England, 
relating to that Affair, which was his Care when here; 
I had the General's Orders to dispatch four of them, by 
writing only short Permits, instead of the regular Form 
to be observed at a proper Time; till when, this Method 
would sufficiently answer their Purpose, which limited 
their Power, and kept them under the same Regulations 
as their former Licences, whereunto Relation was had. I 
did so, and delivered such a Permit to each of them. In 
the Evening, waitingonthe General, when Messieurs Jones 
and Parker were also present, he was pleased very gener- 
ously to call on Mr. Jones, to say that now to my Face,, 
relating to my refusing to issue those sola Bills of 500 /. 
which he had told him at Frederica; from whence I made 
no Doubt of his setting forth that Affair without that 
Candour which I thought myself entitled to; and there- 

24 e r— Tol 4 



J 



^ 



370 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

upon, taking Mr. Verelst's Letter out of my Pocket, of ^™^ 
March 3, wherein the Trustees Orders were fully and ^^ 
clearly delivered (as I thought) relating to that Matter; 
I read them as I had formerly done to Mr. Jones; when 
I told him, that I found myself therein farther concerned, 
than barely to write my Name, for the Reasons so ap- 
parent; wherefore it behoved me to take Caution in 
what I did, and therefore was willing, before I took any 
farther Step in it, to be advised how to adl by the Gen- 
eral himself, who was expe<5led soon: Which he called a 
Refusal, (and had suggested it so to the General) and 
now upon referring to that Letter, the General readily 
said, he could not blame me; But as for those Bills, he 
had taken it on himself to issue them; and as for that 
Part of the 710 /. which was to be applied in cloathing 
and maintaining the Trustees Servants, whose Service 
was to answer the Expcnce thereof, as far as 400 /. to- 
wards building a Church at Savannah, &c. he had sent 
those Bills home again, with his Reasons for so doing. 
Wherefore upon the Whole, I looked on myself, and so 
did Mr. Parker on himself, excused of any farther Trouble 
about issuing, or accounting for, any of the Bills that 
were sent, as mentioned in Mr. Verelst^s Letter aforesaid. 

Saturday. The Evidence to prove the late Murder, not 14. 
yet appearingso full and plain, as to leave no Doubt of Con- 
viction; by Reason that most of the Persons who belonged 
to the Sloop, were supposed to be concerned in the Fray 
that happened among them, when they had been drink- 
ing; and therefore, a Man being lost, unless the particu- 
lar Person who gave the mortal Wound could be distin- 
guished, they were all equally guilty; they stuck together, 
and the Truth was hard to come at: I had the General's 
Order to call upon the Magistrates, and together with 
them, to take a Re-examination of the Whole, as well 
those who were in Custody, as those others who yet ap- 
peared less suspe<5led: Which took up the whole Day; 
neither could we, after all our utmost Care, come at the 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 371 

Point we wanted: The Question being, whether the De- irw. 
ceased voluntarily leaped out of the Vessel, resolving to J^^y 
go ashore, against the Master's Will; and it being dark, 
missed the Boat, and so was drowned (which was what 
they all alledged) or whether he had received his Death 
among them, and then was thrown overboard; which 
there was great Reason to believe, from several Wounds 
that appeared on the Body, supposed to be done with a 
Flesh-Fork, or a Pair of Compasses, which were found 
near the Place where they had been drinking; each of 
which answered to the Form of the Wounds, and ap- 
peared rusty at the 'End, near about the Depth of the 
Surgeon's probing when the Coroner's Inquest sat, whose 
Verdidl was Wilful Murder. From so many concurring 
Circumstances, every Body was persuaded to believe the 
worst; and the General, for the better Discovery of the 
Truth, ordered Publication to be made, that any Person 
concerned in that Fray, who would appear and give Evi- 
dence who it was that was the Author of this Man's 
Death, so far as that he might be convi<5led, except the 
Person himself who did it, should not only have the 
General's Interest to be pardoned, but also receive a Re- 
ward of 40 /. to be paid him in Sterling Money at the 
Stores upon such Conviftion. 

Sunday. The ordinary Service of the Day was duly 15. 
performed, with a full Congregation, where the General 
was one; ahd Mr. Norris afterwards administered the 
Sacrament to such as were so well disposed. 

Monday. Great Crouding and Hurry of Business this le. 
Day; when it was expected the General would have set 
off in the Evening on his Indian Expedition; but such 
Variety of Matters with-held him, that he was constrained 
to defer it till to-morrow. 

Tuesday. The General left us this Forenoon, and 17. 
proceeded up the River in his Cutter, with Lieutenant 



372 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Dunbar, Ensign Leman, and Mr. Eyre (a Cadet) his At- "». 
tendants, besides Domesticks and menial Servants: At Jj^iy 
the Euchie Town, about twenty-five Miles above Ebene- 
zer, he purposed to quit the Water, having appointed 
some of our principal Indian Traders to wait his coming 
there, with a Number of Horses, as well for Sumpture as 
Riding; and also some of our Rangers to assist; intend- 
ing from thence to travel on to the Creek Nations, &c. 
The Court at Savannah now sat, as per Adjournment, 
thinking themselves fully prepared to enter on the Trials 
of the three Persons under Commitment for Murder. Ac- 
cordingly Brixy the Master was first brought to the Bar. 
The Trial lasted several Hours, though the Prisoner made 
but a poor Defence; but the Proof against him consisting 
of sundry Circumstances, which when put together left 
not the least Room to doubt of his being a Principal in 
the Murder, the Court omitted not to produce all that 
appeared worth regarding; and the Jury were so fully 
convinced of the Fa<5l, that they considered but a very 
little while, after being withdrawn before they brought 
in their Verdi<5l Guilty. 

Wednesday. The other two Sailors, Cozens, is. 

and Levett, came on their Trials separately; and after a 
full Hearing of the same Evidence, and strong Circum- 
stances which appeared Yesterday against Brixey; and it 
being proved, that they were all together in Company at 
the Time of the Fa<5l committed (as also one Jones who 
fled the next Morning) the Jury found them also Guilty. 
Two of our Indian Traders, coming for Savannah, and 
meeting the General on the Water, brought me a Note 
from him, with his Orders to continue their Licences, 
and some short Directions in what Manner to distinguish 
such others, as applied for Licences in his Absence. 

Thursday. The Court proceeded to try other Indidl- w. 
ments, for Misdemeanors and other petty Offences; 
which being of no great Import, I could ill spare Time 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 373 

to attend till the Evening; when having gone through itw. 
all Matters before them, relating to the Crown, I went ^^^7 
again to hear Judgment given; and Sentence of Death 
was pronounced against the three Murderers; which they 
seemed little affected with, but appeared more and more 
hardened; as it was evident they had stuck closely to- 
gether all along, from a Presumption (as it was supposed) 
that the Evidence given was not sufficient to take away 
their Lives: But they wei'e advised not to flatter them- 
selves with Hopes of Mercy. Wright, who sent down a 
Prisoner from Augusta {vide June 26.) and one or two 
more committed for Crimes of a high Nature, were al- 
lowed to find Bail (if they could) for their Appearance 
the next Session, the Court not having yet sufficient Ev- 
idence to try them. Adjourned to Monday next 

Friday. Very little or nothing to be observed. To- 20. 
wards Evening Captains Norbury and Desbrassie arrived 
in a Scout-Boat from Port-Royal, intending to stop two 
or three Days with us in their Way South. 

Saturday. Early in the Morning a Messenger from 21. 
the General, whom he left at the Euchie Town, and 
brought Letters to me and Bailiff Parker from him; re- 
<juiring to be informed concerning the late Trials for 
Murder; that so in case the Prisoners were convicted, 
and' Sentence was given according to Law, he might 
bring it to Effect. About the same Time an Express- 
Boat arrived from Mr. Fallowfield at Tybee, who was or- 
dered by the General, as Naval Officer, to keep a good 
Look-out there for the Return of a Spanish Launch, 
which he was lately informed, came all the Way from 
Augustin within Land, and was gone for Charles-Town; 
which at this critical Jundlure gave Occasion to People 
to say, that his principal Business was, to sound the 
Depths of the several Inlets of the Sea on this Coast; 
and which was not improbable. Hereupon the two Cap- 
tains, with Mr. Jones, Captain Davis, and some others. 



374 COLONIAL RECORDS, 

took a Boat with a few Hands armed, and went to give ^w^ 
Mr. Fallowfield Assistance; who had wrote, that the ^}^ 
Launch was now returned thither, which he had prevailed 
with to stay there till she was spoke with farther: On 
which Occasion, I would gladly have made one; but my 
immediate Task was to fulfill the General's Orders, in 
giving him a full Relation of the late Trials, and the 
Proceedings of the Court thereupon; which would take 
up most of the short Time allowed for the Messenger 
to stay. In the Evening the Gentlemen came back from 
Tybee, after speaking with the commanding Officer of 
the Launch, who told them he had been at Charles- 
Town, to deliver to the Governor there a Packet, from 
the Government of Augustin; and that he had another 
to deliver to the General (which by the Bye he might as 
well have delivered as he went, had he not imagined 
that he should have been well watched) and that Packet 
he now gave to these Gentlemen, together with a Present 
of Sweetmeats for him: His whole Talk being of the 
Pacification agreed on between the two Crowns lately 
(though not so perfectly, we apprehended, as to put all 
Breach of it out of Doubt.) He seemed to be offended 
at his Reception at Charles-Town; where he said he was 
only permitted to go ashore alone, but none of his Men; 
wherefore he made but a short Stay there. He was very 
earnest to take the Inland Passage in his Way home, but 
was told it could not be allowed him. The two Captains 
wrote each a Letter to the General to give him an Ac- 
count of their Proceedings, and gave them to the same 
Messenger very opportunely that carried mine, and one 
also from Mr. Parker, the head Bailiff inclosed in mine; 
with all which he set off about Midnight, with Design to 
make all possible Haste, the General intending to wait 
his Return at the Place where he left him. 

Sunday. The publick Service of the Church was ob- m. 
served as usual. Captain Norbury and Desbrassie, who 
had both been lately ill in Fevers, were each of them 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 375 

taken with the same again, and forced to submit to ^j^ 
proper Means used for their Recovery. ^^^ 

Monday. Received a Letter this Morning from Lieu- 28. 
tenant Kent at Fort Augusta, brought me by one Morri- 
son, who intended a very short Stay, and was returning 
into the Creek Nation: And the Letter he gave me, con- 
taining some particular Relations of the Talk of the 
neighbouring Indians, as if the Cherokees were ready to 
fall out with the white Men among them (which I did 
not find any certain Foundation for giving too hasty 
Credit to) I thought it not so trivial, but that the Gen- 
eral should be acquainted with it: Wherefore I resolved 
to write to him of it, and inclose the Letter I had re- 
ceived; which I did, by the same Person; who returned 
in the Evening with Design (if possible) to overtake the 
General in his Progress. The Court met again, in order 
to go on upon civil Adlions, which multiplied too fast; 
and the Recorder being not well, the Magistrates made 
Use of it as a good Cause^o adjourn farther to Monday 
next. 

Tuesday. Most of my Employment this Day was in 24. 
preparing Letters and divers Papers for England. One 
of Captain Davis's Sloops, which had lain here for a long 
while, fell down the River at Tybee, bound (as it was 
said) for Augustin; but what her Cargo was, I did not 
learn; it was supposed most of it to be Provisions, chiefly 
the Produce of Carolina, together with some Bale Goods 
for Cloathing; also Hats, Shoes, &c. 

Wednesday. Followed the same Employ as Yester- » 
day, and made up my Packet; but left it. yet unsealed, 
by which Means I had Opportunity remaining, to add 
any Postscript I saw proper: And it well so happened, 
for late in the Evening arrived Peter Emery from Charles- 
Town (who with his Boat of late kept pretty constant 
going betwixt this Town and that, as often as he found 



376 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

sufficient Freight) by whom I received a Packet from the rj^ 
Trust, with divers Letters inclosed, and some loose, Jjjy 
for the General, and divers private Persons, sent me by 
the Attorney-General, who also wrote what Ship they 
came by from England, &c. viz. the Prince Galley. Cap- 
tain Bowles. Mr. Verelst was so kind to write me by 
the same Conveyance two Letters, one of the 27th of 
April, and the other of the loth of May; in both which 
acquainting me with the favourable and kind Determi- 
nation of the honourable Trustees, in relation to me and 
my future Support; which was Matter of great Comfort 
to nje, not doubting but it would be equivalent to my 
Need; though the Particulars I was not yet acquainted 
with. 

Thursday. By the Return of the Boat which carried ai 
the General up the River, Letters came to Messieurs 
Parker, Jones, and myself, in Answer to what had been 
wrote him on the 21st Instant, advising us in what he 
thought proper, relating to the Executfen of the Crimi- 
nals: Upon which we met, and went to the Prison; where 
we took Levett aside, who was weak and sickly, and had 
been so some Time before the Murder was committed; 
but it appeared at the Trial, that he was one among them 
when the Fadl was done, and consequently that he must 
be privy to it, though possibly he might not a<5lually give 
any Wounds to the Deceased; whereby he was in Law 
equally guilty with the others; we let him know, that we 
had Leave to reprieve him, if he would ingeniously con- 
fess which of them gave those mortal Wounds; which 
would give the greater Satis fa<5lion to the Publick; and 
in so doing he would discharge his own Conscience, and 
leave Room for Mercy to be shewn himself: All that 
we could get from him was, that without Doubt the 
two persons under Sentence with him, together with 
Lewis Jones, who fled the next Morning, must be the 
Persons who did it; but which of them particularly he 
could not tell; for that he was ill himself, and laid down 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 377 

to sleep on the Deck: But that was not credited by n«r 
the Jury, who thought it impossible for such an Adl to ^^^y 
be done, wherein so many were concerned, all which 
must be in so small a Vessel, within the Space of a few 
Feet before the Mast; and that any Man could, in the 
Midst of all such Confusion, lie down quietly to sleep, 
and not know what was done: As this was all the De- 
fence he made at his Trial, so he yet persisted in the 
same; whereupon we left him, and spoke to Mr. Norris, 
who visited them, to use his Endeavours in trying what 
he could prevail with him to say farther. 

Friday. Heavy Rains returning upon us again for S7. 
some Days past, on this more especially there was little 
or no stirring abroad: Fevers and Agues increased apace, 
and our two Captains could not yet get free of them, so 
as to proceed South: Nevertheless these Distempers 
hitherto were so far from proving mortal, that I scarce 
ever knew fewer People die here, than of late: Mr. West, 
late Smith to the Trust, died this Afternoon of a Con- 
sumption, wherewith he had been wasting for near a Year 
past: Besides this Occasion, I hardly remember a Grave 
opened for any other, for some Months past; and it is 
generally remarked, that the catching these intermitting 
Fevers, is mostly owing to the Peoples Unwariness in 
taking cold when they are hot. 

Saturday. The Magistrates convened at my House «. 
this Morning, to consider of what was needful to be 
done about the Execution, which was agreed to be on 
Friday next the 3d of August; accordingly a Warrant 
was given out to the Constables for that Purpose, and 
Orders given for a sufficient and proper Guard to attend 
it: It was also ordered that a Gallows should be ere<5led 
on the Bluff, towards the Extremity of it. near the Water, 
as near as we could judge opposite to the Place where the 
Sloop lay, when this Murder was committed; which was 
agreeable to what we understood to be the General's In- 



378 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

strudlion: And if there was Room given by Levett, be- ^iw^ 
twixt this and the Time of Execution, for him to find Jjjr 
Mercy on the Terms advised by the General, he might 
yet obtain a Reprieve. 

Sunday. The ordinary Service of the Day was regu- ». 
larly observed. In the Evening, upon InteUigence, that 
a Person had been skulking in Town, under the Charac- 
ter of a Jew practicing Surgery and Physick, ever since 
Friday; and giving out, that he came from North-Caro- 
lina, intending to go for Frederica, and hoped to get 
Leave to settle there; it was thought proper to have him 
taken up, and examined before the Magistrates; which 
was done: And it appeared by the Testimony of our 
principal Jews here, that he was not of that Religion: 
Then, upon asking him what Country he was of, he said, 
of Germany: But his Complexion not agreeing with 
that Climate, we could not presently give Credit to it: 
And moreover it appearing he had his Pockets well 
stored, and that finding he began to be suspected, he 
had agreed with some Hands to row him up the River 
in the Night to some convenient Place, from whence he 
might travel by Land as far South as Darien; we were more 
and more confirmed in our Opinions, that he was a danger- 
ous Person: whereupon it was thought needful to have 
his Pockets well searched, where he had Abundance of 
Papers, &c. among which, though we could not make a 
plain Discovery of his Designs, yet many Tokens ap- 
peared of his deserving to be taken good Care of: When 
he found that it was in vain for him to deny, what we 
could quickly prove, he confessed himself born in Old 
Spain; that he had been rambling for a few Years past, 
farther Northward, in the Practice of his Profession, 
particularly in Virginia and North-Carolina, &c. but had 
made no Abode in South*CaroIina, nor seen Charles- 
Town for a long while past: But upon looking into his 
Papers, was evident he was in Chartes-Town about a 
Fortnight or three Weeks since; which, as near as we 



COLONIAL RECOKDS. 379 

could guess, was much about the Time that the Spanish vm^ 
Launch was lately there: It was plain that he had gone Jjjy 
by several Names; and in short there was sufficient Rea- 
son for suspecting strongly that he was no better than a 
Spy: Whereupon he was committed to the Guard, to be 
there secured till the next convenient Opportunity of 
enquiring farther, after having made as stri<5l an Exam- 
ination as we. could till Midnight. 

Monday. The Court sat again this Morning; and ao. 
after determining some petty Causes, adjourned till to- 
morrow. In the Afternoon we made a farther Examina- 
tion into the Affairs of the Spaniard, who was brought 
before the Magistrates Yesterday; and it was found need- 
ful to continue his Confinement till the General's Return. 
Arrived at Tybee a Brigantine belonging to the Assiento, 
Captain Fennell Commander; who, together with two 
other Gentlemen that were Passengers on board him, 
came up to Town in a Boat, out of Curiosity (as they 
said) to see the Place: And as soon as they were housed, 
I had the like Curiosity, to make them a Visit of Com- 
pliment, hearing they came from the Havannah, to learn 
what News I could from thence: Mr. Jones accompanied 
mc; and we soon found that Captain Fennell was a Man 
well known on this Coast; and though he had never 
seen this Town before, he had often been at Charles- 
Town and Port- Royal, near which last he had an Estate 
of his own. He reported that he left Havannah twelve 
Days since, where all Things continued in their usual 
Posture; and as to Peace or War, they were under the 
same Uncertainty as we: So that the Captain said he was 
not without Apprehension of being stopt; nor did he 
think himself safe till he was out of Gun-shot from the 
Forts: That he was now bound for England, after having 
dispatched some Business in Carolina, where he should 
put ashore a pretty many Men, who had been detained 
Prisoners at Havannah, and were making their Way now 
home, in such Ships as they should like: That the two 



380 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Gentlemen with him were Creolians at Jamaica (one of itw. 
whom had been a Writer in the South-Sea Company's ^^y 
Service) and were designing to take Passage home thither 
from Carolina. This Brig was supposed to have a rich 
Cargo, and carried twenty Hands or more: The Captain 
was a Man of courteous Behaviour, and agreeable Con- 
versation: After passing away Part of the Evening with 
them, I took my Leave. 

Tuesday. The Court sat again great Part of the Day, si. 
dispatching such Affairs as were indispensable, and post- 
poning such as well might be; importing rather Strife 
betwixt the Parties, than Benefit to either Plaintiff or 
Defendant; which ought to be discouraged: Neverthe- 
less the Day was not sufficient for what they had to do; 
but somewhat yet remained to take up Part of to- 
morrow. Nothing occurred to me worth Notice; but 
heavy Rains fell almost daily, insomuch that it was much 
to be feared the Corn which was now in Ear, would 
suffer greatly, and rot, instead of growing hard, and 
ripening. 

Wednesday. This Forenoon the Court made an End Augusi 
of what they thought needful at present, and adjourned 
to the 22d Instant. My Son, who had waited a pretty 
while for a convenient Opportunity of making a Voyage 
to England, now thought that a better could never offer, 
than to go in this Brig commanded by Captain Fennell, 
now lying at Tybee, and bound diredlly for Portsmouth: 
Wherefore, applying to the Captain, he readily admitted 
him as a Passenger, intending the Ship should sail to- 
morrow, or next Day; which short Warning must una- 
voidably create some Inconvenience to my Son and me 
both, by parting in such a Hurry: And, as many Things 
were to be looked into, and well considered, before his 
Departure, it found us full Employment this Day, as it 
must at least another, so to adjust Matters, that no De- 
fedl therein might occasion any Detriment to the Pub- 



COLONIAL RECORDS, 381 

lick. The two Captains (though weak yet) went this itw. 
Day South for St. Simon's. -^^p»<^ 

Thursday. This whole Day was found short enough, 2. 
for what Work my Son and I had to do, pursuing what 
we were upon Yesterday; and I heard of nothing abroad, 
that required my Avocation from what I thought needful 
at home. 

Friday. This was the fatal Day, which called those »• 
wretched Criminals for Murder, out of Prison for Exe- 
cution (which was appointed on the 28th ult.) and Gal- 
lows now were prepared, at the Place where Orders had 
been given about it. The Freeholders were called to 
Arms by Beat of Drum, and in an Hour's Time more 
than seventy appeared, well accoutred; which, consider- 
ing the Absence of some who were occasionally out of 
the Way, and others not well able to attend, being not in 
perfedl Health, besides Orphans, &c. &c. shewed that 
Savannah was not yet quite so much deserted, as by some 
reported. Before the Hour of Execution came, the Mag- 
istrates met, to consider farther of Levett's Case; whose 
Sickness and Weakness at the Time when the Murder 
was committed, inclined Abundance of People to believe,, 
that he was not one who a<5lually gave any of the 
Wounds to the Deceased; from whence he seemed to be 
an Obje<5l of Pity, though by the Law he was undoubt- 
edly guilty, being privy to it, and not discovering it; for 
the Jury could not believe what he alledged in his own 
Defence, that he was asleep all the while it was doing 
{ui antea:) All those Circumstances being now again de- 
bated. Pity prevailed; believing if it was an Error to 
shew Mercy, it was an Error on the best Side of the 
Question: Wherefore it was resolved to reprieve him for 
two Months, in which Time we might expedl the General 
again, who would diredl what farther he saw proper 
about it: It was so ordered nevertheless, that the Re- 
prieve should not be known, till the very Minute he 



382 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

was to suffer; whereby we thought it possible that he i7». 
might make a fuller Confession, than he had yet done, as ^^^^ 
before recited. At the Gallows, Brixy, the Master, -be- 
haved very resolutely, confessed nothing, nor absolutely 
denied any Thing: He had been of different SeAs of Re- 
ligion, conformable to the Country he was in: a Presby- 
terian in the Northern Provinces, and at Augustin a 
Papist, as it was generally thought he died; though he 
received the Sacrament at the Hands of a Divine of the 
Church of England, who attended them since their Con- 
demnation, and at the Place of Execution: He went up 
the Ladder more nimbly than the Hangman, and fastened 
the Rope to the Beam himself: Then turning about to 
the Spectators, told them he was satisfied to die (which 
was interpreted variously by several) and after a short 
Prayer, he was turned off. Cozens owned himself to have 
been a very wicked Man; for which, he said, God's Ven- 
geance had overtaken him: He behaved with Penitence 
in Prison, and now also; but made no Confession of the 
Guilt for which he suffered, nor said any Thing in par- 
ticular of it. Levett was condu<5led to the Foot of the 
Ladder, after the other two were turned off, before his 
Reprieve was declared: He made great Lamentation 
for his former Course of Life, and appeared under much 
Terror; but continued to deny that he saw the Wounds 
given; and was so affedled with his unexpe<5led Reprieve, 
that he was very near losing his Life by excessive Re- 
turn and Flow of Spirits; after which he was returned 
in safe Custody to the Prison from whence he came. 
These Things being over, I had a few Hours left to spend 
with my Son before his Departure; which was at Six in 
the Evening, when we took Leave of each other (for a 
short Season, it was hoped) and he went, in Company 
with a few others, for Tybee where he was to embark 
immediately on board the St Francis Brig, commanded 
thus far by Captain Fennell: But now the Captain had 
determined to send her for England under the Conduct 
of his Mate; intending, after a short Stay in Carolina, to 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 383 

return to Jamaica, together with the other two Gentle- itw. 
men that came with him: Wherefore he would only stay Au|Ti8t 
at Tybee, to see her under Sail over the Bar; which 
was intended early in the Morning, and then he would 
quit her, and make the best of his Way to Port-Royal. 
Sent my Packet of the 25th ult. by my Son. 

Saturday. My Son being now gone, Mr. Jones, who 4. 
had been a great while a Stranger at my House, came and 
made me a neighbourly Visit, sitting an Hour with me 
in familiar Converse on divers Matters relating to the 
Publick; which I was very glad of, and determined with 
myself, that I would not be behind him in all Kinds of 
Courtesy, to promote the Service, as far as in me lay; 
but could not avoid refledling on his implacable Disposi- 
tion towards my Son; which had carried him such a 
Length as to avoid my House, during his Abode with 
me; and which I could no otherwise account for, than 
because he would not tamely submit to those severe Im- 
putations that came upon him through his Means; but 
thinking himself injuriously treated (as indeed I appre- 
hended he was) used all proper Means to vindicate his 
Innocence; and this was construed by an angry Man of 
a haughty Temper, to be an Opposition of his Authority. 
These Things I concluded would now blow over, and the 
Remembrance of them be extindl, by the Time of my 
Son's Return again. 

Sunday. The publick Service of the Church was duly 5. 
observed. In the Evening I received Intelligence by a 
Letter from my Son on board the Ship at Tybee, that 
they were at the Time of his writing, weighing Anchor, 
in order to put to Sea with a fair Wind: Which Letter 
was brought me by the Pilot, who lives there; and after 
conducting the Ship over the Bar this Morning, left them 
about a League off Land. 



Monday. This Morning, at the Request of John «. 
Lyndall (appointed Pindar) there was a voluntary Con- 



/ 



384 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

vention of the Freeholders, who had any Property in i7». 
Cattle in these Parts; when the Orders and Instrudlions AujMt 
lately given to the Pindar, by the General, were read; 
and the Pindar requiring in Consequence of those Or- 
ders, that some other little Regulations should be agreed 
on among themselves, for the better enabling him to do 
his Duty; they readily agreed to them, and signed a 
Paper signifying their Consent. &c. It was now thought 
high Time, to begin the Execution of the Commission 
lately sent by the Trust to the Messieurs Parker, Jones, 
and me; and we met accordingly in the Afternoon at 
Three a Clock, when we began with the Account of 
Messieurs Montaigut and Purry first, where we were ap- 
prehensive of meeting with some Intricacy; especially 
from what Mr. Verelst had lately wrote in his Letter of 
April 22; and was likely to prove so; for after inspe<ft- 
ing it closely some Time, we adjourned the farther Con- 
sideration of it till to-morrow Morning. 

Tuesday. The Commissioners met again, and spent n 
both the Forenoon and Afternoon in close Application 
to the Matters before them, taking proper Minutes of 
what was thought worth Notice: Among some other 
Things, observing that Mr. Williamson had Credit given, 
in the Account of Mr. Purry and Company, for about 
13 /. which was now made Part of the Debt owing to 
him as Claimant for the Trustees, and which was certi- 
fied by Mr. Causton: Upon looking into Mr. Purry's 
Books, it appeared Mr. Williamson was made Debtor 
there for sundry Goods bought of that Value: Upon 
which we examined Mr. Purry upon Oath, to know how 
he came to transfer that as a Debt in the Account of the 
Trustees; and he said he did it at Mr. Williamson's Re- 
quest, and by the Consent of Mr. Causton: Mr. Causton 
also appeared Debtor in his own Name in Mr. Purry's 
Books, for divers Goods sold and delivered to him for 
his own private Use, in the Sum of about 70 /. which he 
had likewise transferred to the Trustees Account, and 



COLONIAL EECOED& 386 

made Part or what was certified by him, as the Debt nw^ 
which Mr. Purry claimed, to the 29th of September last: -^«f»»»* 
Since which Time Mr. Causton appeared Debtor to Mr. 
Purry, in his Books, for sundry Articles, in the same 
Form and Manner as the foregoing Account shewed till 
September 29. How far Mr. Causton can exonerate 
himself of this Charge, is yet unknown, but looked for. 

Wednesday. Continued our Examination: And Cap- s. Y 
tain McPherson's Account, together with his Rangers, 
being before us; we could not but observe the exceeding 
great Difference we therein found, of what he claimed 
for the last half Year, from Lady-Day to Michaelmas 
1738, from any preceding Account for the same Time; 
but having Recourse to my Journal of March 24, and 
April I, 2, 3, 1738, I perfecSlly recolledled what I there 
found, and withal several other Particulars, not {ully 
noted there: The Captain at that Time, when we could 
not be too much on our Guard against the Spaniards » 
took that Advantage, and in a great Measure extorted 
such a Compliance with his Demands, as he thought we 
durst not refuse: Wherefore after exhorting him to be very 
watchful, and more than ordinary diligent in keeping a 
good Look-out; he was promised, that, as far as it was in 
our Power, he and his People should have all their De- 
mands fulfilled, which they then insisted on which 

now is humbly submitted to the Judgment of the honour- 
able Trustees. In the Course of this Enquiry, William y 
Elbert, who at that Time, or very little before, was one 
of Captain McPherson's Rangers, was found to have sold 
a Mare to Mr. Causton on his own Account, as he be- 
lieved, together with two or three other small Articles, 
which in the Whole came to 61. 1 5 j. 6d. for which the 
Trustees are made Debtors in the said Elbert's Account 
certified to Mr. Jones. 

Thursday. In the certified Account of Nunes Hen- •. 
riquez, the Trust is made Debtor for 5 /. 155. yd. 

9 o r— T 4 



386 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

which we apprehended, from what we could discover, i^ 
properly belonged to Mr. Causton, as also to ten Shill- Aujust 
ings charged to their Account, and owing by Mr. Wil- 
liamson: And in a subsequent Account with the said 
Nunes Henriquez, he charges 2 /. 14^. 6d. ^ to the 
Trust for Table-Cloths and some Pewter, delivered to 
Mr. Causton's Wife; and i /. 14J. 2d. to the Trust for 
Pewter, which was delivered to Mr. Thomas Upton. 
Mr. David Provost's Account, certified for one thousand 
and eighty-five Pounds, was found unexceptionable; and 
so was Mr. Thomas Ware's for 221 /. Thomas Trip, a 
Joiner, charging the Trust, in a Bill delivered, with the 
Sum of 5 /. 145. \\d, was content to take 4 l.'i2s, $d. of 
Mr. Jones; the remaining i /. 2s. 6d. being for Work 
done for Mr. Causton. Upon finding that a continual, 
daily Attendance on this Work, would render each of 
us incapable of a due Regard to any other, we agreed 
unanimously, that for the futurie one Half of the Day, 
either Forenoon or Afternoon only, should be alotted for 
that Purpose; and to appoint at parting, which would 
best suit our Purpose for the Day following, from time 
to Time. 

Friday. Went through four Accounts more, viz. 10. 
William Woodrooffe, John Lloyd, Samuel Mercer, and 
Benjamin Adams, wherein such Errors as we found were 
mostly to the Injury of the Claimants; especially the 
latter of them; where it appeared so defedlive in due 
Entries of Credit given, that we postponed it for a Re- 
view some other Time. Messieurs Jenny's and Eve- 
leigh's Accounts we much wished to get over; but it 
was thought proper, that somebody should appear in 
their Behalf when we went upon them; and therefore 
we must wait a little till we had Advice about it from 
Charles-Town, 

Saturday. Spent the whole Forenoon in examining 11. 
Mr. Brownfield's Accounts, relating to the Claims of 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 387 

Messieurs Pyt and Tuckwell; wherein many Difficulties i789. 
occurred, from divers Articles charged to that Debt of AuRuat 
the Trust, which we apprehended they had nothing to 
do with; but upon farther Enquiry it appeared more and 
more intricate; and we found Mr. Causton's Account in 
divers Places so blended with the Trust^s, that it was not 
an easy Task to separate them: But Mr. Brownfield shewed 
a ready Disposition to explain it fully, in a Manner more 
Intelligible; wherefore we deferred the Consideration of 
it to another Day. By a Boat arrived from Fort Au- 
gusta, I received a Letter from Lieutenant Kent, inform- 
ing me that from some Intelligence they had lately re- 
ceived, there were some Reasons to doubt the Creek 
Indians not to be so much our Friends as we took them 
to be: But the General being now himself among them, 
we did not doubt but that he would best judge of their 
Sincerity, and take proper Measures to strengthen their 
Fidelity. By the same Boat came a Prisoner, whose 
Name is Shannon, sent down by the General, and com- 
mitted by him to safe Custody in our Prison, for treason- 
able PracSlices: He had been of the General's own Regi- 
ment, listed and brought over from England; but was 
discovered to be a Villain, in endeavouring to seduce some 
of his Fellow Soldiers, &c. for which he was whipped 
and drummed out of the Regiment; moreover, upon 
searching, he was found to belong to Berwick's Regi- 
ment, and had a Furlow in his Pocket from the said 
Regiment: After which he went up among the Indian 
Nations, and was now found to have been pradlicing his 
former Work, endeavouring to persuade them into the 
Interest of the French; for which it was to be hoped he 
would meet with his Demerits. Spent the Afternoon at 
my little Plantation. 

Sunday. The Duty of the Day was observed as usual, la, 
and the Sacrament administered by Mr. Norris, to such 
as were so well disposed. Mr. Francis Moor, who went 
South not long since, returned to us again, intending 



388 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

now to continue his Abode here till the Return of the ^^j^ 
General. ^1f»* 

Monday. The Commissioners met again, and pro- is. 
ceeded in a farther Examination of the Accounts of 
Mr. Brownfield; which we found true in all its Parts of 
Credit claimed; but there were sundry Articles, wherein 
we apprehended the honorable Trust would not readily own 
themselves Debtors, being such as were placed to their 
Account by Mr. Causton's Orders, as Mr. Brownfield 
very readily acknowledged; and withal, that it was no 
more than what he had divers Times done before, not 
doubting but it would be approved of, as it had been, and 
that Mr. Causton gave the Trust Credit for it in his Ac- 
counts: Which, together with others of the like Sort, 
possibly might be better explained to us, before 
we made an absolute Charge of them on Mr. Caus- 
ton, whom it behoved to look to it. In the After- 
noon the Magistrates assembled at my House, to inquire 
into a Riot committed last Night (Sunday) by some 
drunken People, who had insulted one of the Tything- 
men, a Peace Officer then upon Duty, who required 
them to go peaceably home, and whom they had ill 
treated; wherefore he had confined them upon Guard: 
And the Matter appearing very heinous against them, 
they were three of them bound over under sufficient 
Bail, to Answer it at the next Sessions: Which perceiv- 
ing them much terrified at, I proposed it to them to con- 
fess where it was they bought the Rum which had occa- 
sioned it, and I would intercede with the Magistrates to 
be milder in their Punishment, upon Convidlion of the 
Offence which they had been guilty of; and they prom- 
ised they would another Day; but why not now, I could 
not tell: Wherefore I doubted their Sincerity. N. B. 
These three Men were not long since out of their Servi- 
tude, had each of them behaved well in their Services, 
as was acknowledged by their several Masters; were all 
promising to be useful Men in the Colony, and one of 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 389 

them lately married, at whose House they had thus de- n»^ 
bauched themselves. From whence it is an obvious Re- -^"5^* 
flexion, how fatal this Excess of Rum-drinking is likely 
to prove among the common People; and how ineffedlual 
all Means have hitherto been found, for suppressing the 
Sale of it by unlicens'd Persons in all the bye Corners 
of the Town. Mr. Bradley, who yet continued very 
weak since his late Sickness, no sooner began to recover, 
but he returned to his fprmer Pradlice, of making Havock 
among the Cattle which had been under his Charge; 
and notwithstanding his being absolutely discharged 
from meddling any more with any of the Trust's Goods 
or Effects (as they were pleased to write me lately, and 
which I made no Doubt they had signified to him in 
those Letters which I had delivered to him from them) 
I had Intelligence of his having killed a Calf last Sat- 
urday Evening, and selling three Fourths of it; more- 
over, that he had fixed upon a fat Heifer, which he 
purposed the same Way to convert to his own Use the 
the Beginning of this Week: Wherefore upon my taking 
Notice of it to those who were now with me of the Magis- 
tracy, and Mr. Jones being also one with us; I proposed it 
to them to go all of us in a Body to him, to ask his Mean- 
ing, and when he intended to surrender all that apper- 
tained to the Trust, into such Hands as were appointed to 
receive it: Which we did; and he entertaiqed us in his 
usual rambling Way of Talk, very little to the Purpose, 
and not coming to any fixed Point, partly seeking by 
evasive Answers to blind us, and chiefly pressing our 
Forbearance till the General returned, who he would 
have persuaded us to believe, would allow of what he 
had done, though we were convinced of the contrary; 
and moreover we could not expedt him among us again 
yet awhile; in which Space of Time it was unknown 
what Mischief might be done: We therefore were obliged 
to charge him at his Peril, not to touch a Hoof more, 
or offer to dispose of any; which if he did, might ex- 
pedl to be proceeded against as a Felon: So we left him. 



390 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Tuesday. Mr. Jones having received a Bruise][by an ^»J^ 
accidental Fall over a Log in the Dark, could not well ^^ff*^ 
attend the Business this Day, which we were pursuing, 
in looking into what we were directed: Wherefore Mr. 
Parker and I spent some Hours upon it without him, com- 
paring divers Accounts, &c. but we thought it best not 
to make Minute of any determinate Opinion relating to 
it, till we were all together, and agreed in the same. The 
Afternoon 1 took to myself at home, where I never 
wanted Matter sufficient to keep me employed; and heard 
of nothing abroad that I thought worth Notice. 

Wednesday. Mr. Jones continuing yet unable to is. 
adt in the Examination of what we were upon, it was 
thought proper to respite it for a Day or two longer, in 
Hopes of his Attendance to assist, as he now grew bet- 
ter: And I took this Opportunity of paying some Re- 
gard to my Plantation Affairs, where we might hope 
soon to reap some Fruit of what Labour had been be- 
stowed; especially as the Season was grown more fa- 
vourable for bringing on Harvest; and the Heats which 
this Month began with, made an agreeable Alteration 
in ripening the Corn: But I was not a little chagrined to 
think, that the Number of Acres planted near the Town 
I feared would fall short of what the last Year produced ; 
which indeed should be imputed in a great Measure to 
the Distress which divers of the Inhabitants were driven 
to last Winter; which put them on the Necessity of earn- 
ing their Bread by any honest Means they could use, at 
such Time as their Labour might well have been be- 
stowed on their Lots, could the Stores have afforded 
them a few Months Credit: For I must again repeat 
(what I have elsewhere taken Notice of) that the major 
Part of the Freeholders remaining in Savannah, shew a 
good Disposition to Work, and endeavour to maintain 
their Families: And the Alteration lately made in the 
Tenure of Lands by the honourable Trustees, in their 
Favour, has had already such an Influence, that several, 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 391 

even at this Time of the Year, have begun to give a nw. 
Specimen of what might be expedled from them when ^^^^^ 
the Planting Season returns. As fqr the outlying Plan- 
tations that are distant from the Town, I have Reason 
to expedl such an Account may be returned of them, 
that I need not be ashamed of; several of which are oc- 
cupied by some of our Freeholders, who hold those 
Lands upon Lease (they tell me) and where, by Reason 
of a convenient Situation, they are enabled to raise a 
live Stock of Cattle, and Hogs, &c. whereby their Sub- 
stance increasing, they will soon attain to a comfortable 

Way of living, and become downright Farmers. 

But these are such as have a little Stock to begin with. 

Thursday, This Day passed over with very little or le 
no Variation from the preceding. 

Friday. The Commissioners met again early, and > 17. 
followed their Employment till past Noon; in which 
Time Captain William Thompson's certified Account 
came under Consideration, which divers Exceptions were 
made to, having in it sundry Articles, where Credits were 
given by him to particular Persons, whose Accounts we 
thought ought to be charged with the same, as being ac- 
countable to him properly, and not inserted in the said 
Certificate: Several other Charges we thought unwarrant- 
able, which we yet could find no Original of in the post- 
ing Books belonging to the Stores, and must leave it to 
Mr. Causton to give a Reason for. Then we reconsid- 
ered the Accounts of Messieurs Montaigut and Purry, 
where several Exceptions were also made; among which 
we fouud the Sum of 26/. 131. 4d. taken Notice of par- 
ticularly in Mr. Verelst's late Letter, to stand thus: Mr. 
Causton had taken (i. e. borrowed) of Mr. Purry that 
Sum, for which he gave him a Bill on Mr. Jenny's, and 
therewith debeted the Trust; but upon that Bill being 
returned unpaid, we could no where find, that the Trust 



392 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

had again any Credit given them; for which no Reason rm^ 
yet is given, why the Trust should find it so stated. Auiruat 

Saturday. Stuck close to the same Employment, w. 
and went through Recompencc Stenbury's Account, 
without any Objedlions that we could see Cause for; as 
well as one or two more of no great Moment: But look- 
ing into the Account of Messieurs Pyt and Tuckwell, 
which was said in Mr. Verelst's Letter not to be yet of- 
fered; we there found divers Articles to stick at, Mr. 
Causton's Certification and Mr. Brownfield's Books not 
agreeing in the Sums which the Trust was made Debtor 
for: Which put us to a Nonplus for the present, and ob- 
liged us to defer a farther Enquiry till the Beginning of 
the Week, when we might hear what Mr. Brownfield 
could say to it, and how it came to pass that the Account 
certified to be due, was in any Place more than he had 
charged in his Books; which we observed were very reg- 
ular; and hitherto he had not (as far as we perceived) 
used any evasive Answers, to whatever we questioned: 
He happened, at this Jundlure, to be rode a few Miles 
out of Town. In the Evening arrived Peter Emery with 
his Boat from Charles-Town; but brought no Letters 
from England, no Ship being arrived thence since the 
Prince Galley, Captain Bowles. {Vide July 25.) 

Sunday. The publick Service was regularly observed, 19. 
as usual. In the Afternoon two Sloops belonging to 

New- York. Tingley and Ware Masters, last 

from Frederica, arrived at our Port; having disposed of 
the greatest Part of their Cargoes in the South; with 
whom came Monsieur Thomas, chief Engineer there, to- 
gether with his Family: By whom we understood a Stop 
was put to the carrying on any Fortifications for the 
present: He said he was going to Charles-Town, to view 
the Fortifications there; and from thence probably he 
should go for England. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 393 

Monday. 1 These two Days were wholly taken up n»^ 
Tuesday. / in pursuing our Examination into some of ^^^*^ 
those Accounts which were expedled from us: And in ^^ 
several of them we found Errors of the like Nature with 
such as we had before observed, viz. making the Trust 
Debtor for divers Sums which did not appear to us to 
belong to them, but properly should have been charged 
to the right Owners; some to Mr. Causton, and some to 
others: Whereof though sundry of them possibly might 
not be thought very gross, yet in an aggregate Sum, 
probably would, in the End, be looked on otherwise. 
We began now to think of a proper Account being pre- 
pared, to be laid before the Trustees, of our Proceed- 
ings, so far as we had gone, with our Observations there- 
upon, as we went on: To which wc should give Mr. 
Causton (as due to him in Justice) an Opportunity of 
exculpating, as far as he is able, such Charges as now 
stand against him. This being the stated Time of the 
Court sitting, the Magistrates met in Form, and adjourned 
to Monday next. Finding it impossible to sit de Die in 
Diem on the publick Accounts, without great Detriment 
to other Affairs ; we resolved to dedicate to-morrow to 
our own private Uses, and appointed - to meet again on 
Thursday Morning. 

Wednesday. Plantation- Work required some looking 22. 
into, which employed Part of my Time. An heavy 
Complaint being exhibited against the Moravian Breth- 
ren, by Mr. Gilbert (one of the Magistrates;) forasmuch 
as the honourable Trustees had several Times advised, 
that those People should be dealt tenderly with; it was 
thought proper to ask Mr. Jones, Mr. Francis Moor, and 
me, to be present when it was enquired into: And it may 
not be improper to take Notice, how that Affair truly 
appeared. One Robert How, a Freeholder here, the 
5ame who had his House burnt, and was so kindly holp- 
en by the Trustees to rebuild it again, though he never 
did; and moreover, being a Favourite of Mr. Wesley's, 



394 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

had considerable charitable Colledlions made for him; i7»- 
by both which Means, his Gains abundantly overpaid his ^^^^^ 
Loss; from that Time laid aside all Thought of Im- 
provement of Land, but seemed rather desirous of ap- 
pearing an Adept in the Improvement of Grace: And 
being made Choice of by Mr. Wesley as a Clerk to set 
the Psalms, and do other little Offices about the Church, 
he became a close Attender on the Minister, and was 
looked on by many weak Folks, as a person of extraor- 
dinary Piety; such as divers in those Days sought to be 
distinguished by, and some others since have copied 
after. This How married a Daughter of Mr. Gilbert^ 
that died, leaving two Children (Girls) behind her, whonv 
their Grandmother shewed a kind A£fe6lion for; but 
their Father purposing to go for England, (since Mr. 
Wesley was no more expedled, and Mr. Whitfield's Return 
was impatiently waited for) he disposed of his two 
Children (most unnaturally, as I conceive) and against 
the Will of their Grand Parents, to the Family 
of Moravian Brethren, under a Shew of their being 
brought up in a stridler Course of Religion, than the es- 
tablished Church afforded, unless it were more purified; 
though what Kind of Religion these Moravians profess, 
nobody here knows, except themselves: And to make 
Payment for the breeding up these two Children, of the 
Age of about seven or eight Years, their Father con- 
tradls for their Servitude in all Kinds of Work implic- 
itly, till their attaining the Age of Twenty-four, and so 
leaves them. It pleased God to take away one of them 
a while since, by Sickness; which no great Notice was 
taken of, every Body supposing that due Care was taken 
of her in her Illness; tho' now, from what has happened 
to the other, many suspedl otherwise: For upon the 
Grandmother's hearing accidentally of this Child's being 
not well, she went to see her; but was denied that Satis- 
fadlion, which made her the more importunate; and tak- 
ing one of her Neighbours with her, by some Means 
or other they got Admittance; when they found the 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 395 

poor Child in a most miserable Condition, with cruel n«a. 
Usage, and uncommon Severity; which occasioned this ^"jg^** 
Complaint, and the present Enquiry into the Matter. 
The Child wks produced, and upon taking off her 
Cloaths, she appeared to be scourged in a most terrible 
Manner, from her Neck down to her Heels, with Stripes 
laid on by a masculine Hand, most piteous to look at, 
and her Flesh torn, after the Manner of what a Criminal 
uses to have, at the Hands of a common Executioner. 
Three of the Moravians owned it to be of the Brother- 
hood's doing, who appeared; that they held a Consulta- 
tion among themselves (which is their ordinary Way in 
most Cases) and that this was the Result of it; forasmuch 
as the Child had fouled her Bed: In Consequence of 
which Sentence, she was thus inhumanly mangled; and 
that too not done by a Woman, but a Man of a Cruel 
Disposition. We sent for a Surgeon to give his Opinion 
of it; who said, he could not apprehend any Danger 
from the Stripes, farther, than if the Anguish should 
throw her into a Fever, he knew not what might happen; 
and the Child appeared very weak, with her Arms much 
emaciated. Upon the Whole the Magistrates thought, 
that the least they could do, was to require good Bail 
for the Person's Appearance at the next Sessions, who 
had been the Instrument of inflidling such Cruelty; and 
that the other two also should be obliged, on their own 
Recognizances, to appear at the same Time. In the 
mean while, the Child was delivered to the Grandmother, 
to take Care of it, till it should be farther considered at 

the Court. From such Marks of Sandlification, 

libera nos: And whether such a Father, or such Guardi- 
ans, have the best Title to it, is not my Task to enquire. 

Thursday. ) These two Days were wholly taken 2$. 

Friday. ) up in the same Manner as Monday and m. 

Tuesday last; when we found many abstruse Points to 
get thro' in divers Accounts before us, more especially 
those of Abram Minis the Jew, and Patrick Graham 



396 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Surgeon; which we gave each of them Time till Monday njJ: 
next to unfold; to which Day we deferred the farther ^"j£*»* 
Consideration of them. Messieurs Jones, Parker, and I, 24. 
being together, took Occasion to call again on Mr. Brad- 
ley, to know what he purposed about delivering up 
the Trust's Goods and Effedls in his Hands, pursuant to 
Order. We found him and his Son both indeed weak, 
which was admitted as some Excuse for their not having 
yet wrote out an Inventory of all Particulars; but the 
live Stock (we told him) might be brought together by 
his principal Diredlor under him, without any Trouble 
to himself: Which he now promised should no longer 
be delayed; and to make a Beginning, four Horse Beasts 
were delivered into Mr. Jones's Custody on Friday, 
which he said was all he had, and they had been sadly 
battered, and near wocn out; but having lately found a 
little Respite, they appeared to be somewhat thriving. 
As for the other Cattle, we thought it best to commit 
the Care of them to the Pindar, who was first to take 
such an Account of them in Writing as he could get, 
and then to see in the several Droves which should be 
made, how well it agreed with what he found. Hard 
Rains came on again, since the Change of the Moon. 

Saturday. Having by Agreement between ourselves, «• 
adjourned our farther Consideration of the Matter of 
Accounts from last Nighi to Monday Morning, we took 
each of us this Day to such Uses as we saw best: Wherein 
an Affair happened, which, though unwillingly, I can not 
avoid taking some Notice of, not knowing what may 
be said more of it another Time, when possibly I might 
be called on to testify what I observed, viz. Mr. Jones 
sitting an Hour with me in the Afternoon in Conference, 
upon several Points of the Service; it so fell out that 
Bailiff Parker called on me at the same Time; which 
would have been not in the least amiss, had he not 
brought Mr. Causton with him, who possibly might have 
it in his Intention to say something to me, relating to 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 397 

his own Affairs at the Office; and it was a long while VJ^ 
since he had been within my Doors, though I had never ^^j^»^ 
treated him but with Civility: Mr. Jones and he indeed 
had such personal Animosity one against the other, that 
such a Convention (I feared) could forbode no Good: 
And as Mr. Parker was known to be so much a Friend 
of Mr. Causton's, as to wish he might clear himself of 
all foul Practices; Mr. Jones always looked upon him in 
that Light, and sometimes gave shrewd Tokens of his 
Disesteem; which the other was ready enough to remem- 
ber: And in that Manner they both carried a mutual 
Ill-will, which sooner or later would be smothered no 
longer, but must inevitably break out, as it sometimes 
had done, and now again did. Mr. Parker and he soon 
fell into some Talk, about delivering of Stores to Park- 
er's Family; wherein he alledged. that he was used 
unkindly, his Wife lying in, and one of the German 
Servants with him (by Order from the Trust) had at the 
same Time a sick Wife, for whom her Husband, by his 
Master's Order, went to the Stores to beg a Bottle of 
Wine; but was told it would not be delivered without 
Money; which, Mr. Parker said, was a ready Way to 
make Servants Thieves, and pilfer their Masters Goods, 
to make Money: This Mr. Jones grew warm at; and 
Parker not a Jot less so; when throwing his Arm to and 
fro (as is common with him to do in any Vehemence of 
Expression) Mr. Jones started from his Seat, and dared 
him to Strike; both then shaking their Fists at each 
other, but Care was taken to prevent Blows, and it ended 
in scurrilous Language on both Sides, each looking on 
himself as the best Man, and throwing out Ribaldry in 
Abundance, with scurvy Reflexions on one another's 
former Courses of Life, before they came here: During 
this Hurly-burly Causton vanished; and at length the 
Disputants growing cooler, and coming in Appearance 
to better Temper, Mr. Parker also took his Leave, and 
left us as he found us: When Mr. Jones told me he could 
not but believe, that Causton had blown up Parker into 



398 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

that Heat before he came, aggravating his being denied J7»^ 
a Bottle of Wine for such Uses, to be what the Trustees ^^^^ 
would not well approve of; and that he brought him 
purposely to a£front him: So at present it ended. 

Sunday. The usual Service was performed at Church. * 
Monsieur d'Beausaine brought me a Letter in the After- 
noon, together with a small Packet inclosing others, 
which Mr. Montaigut had received at his Plantation up 
the River in Carolina, near Purysburgh, and now sent it 
to Mr. d'Beausaine (at present in Town) to deliver to 
me. It came per Express from Lieutenant Governor 
Bull, who wrote me of what Intelligence he lately had 
received from Lieutenant Governour Clarke of New- York, 
concerning the French marching from Mont Reall near 
Quebec, with a Body of about two hundred French reg- 
ular Troops, and five hundred Indians, who are to be 
inforced by French and Indians in their Journey: That 
this Army was designed against Indians who are now in 
Friendship with his Britannick Majesty's Subjects of 
Carolina and Georgia, and who are situated near some 
Branches of the Messasippi River: That a Frenchman 
who was redeemed by General Oglethorpe (having been 
taken by those Indians) and furnished with a Pass, and 
Money, to go back to Canada, is with this Army: The 
Governor added, that he should immediately dispatch 
an Express to the Creek Nations, to advise General 
Oglethorpe of the Contents of his Letters; Then he 

added **The Consequence and Event of this Under- 

^ 'taking cannot be foreseen, yet it may be necessary for 
**us to think of our Preservation, and be upon our 
^*Guard: And in a Postscript he wrote, that he supposed 

^•thc Design to be against the Chickasaw Indians. 

Thus far Colonel Bull. As to myself, I could not 

but think it a very lucky Incident, that the General was 
now up in the Nations himself, where he, upon receiving 
the Intelligence sent him by Colonel Bull, would un- 
doubtedly leave those Indians who are in Amity or AUi- 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 399 

ancc with us, confirmed without wavering, in their true n». 
Friendship and Fidelity: Which well effedled, we should -^"jg^"' 
have little Cause to be apprehensive of Danger from the 
French; though most undoubtedly they were very busy 
in fomenting Discord betwixt us and the Indians our 
Friends: And if the present Design of the French was 
against the Chickasaws, whose Valor they had formerly 
experienced to their Cost; on Condition the Creeks 
prove true to those People, in an Alliance since made; 
the Creeks being a great Nation, it may be reasonably 
hoped, that betwixt them they will make Monsieur once 
again pay dear for his Attempt. 

Monday. The Commissioners met again, and Mr. w. 
Graham the Surgeon's Account took us up the whole 
Morning, to get thro* what we had left undone on Friday 
last, so much Intricacy was found still remaining in it. 
Debtor and Creditor often jumbled, and wrong placed, 
which occasioned many Exceptions, and will not pass 
without due Observation. Having a Piece of roast Meat 
for my Dinner, I engaged my two Associates to take 
Part with me, hoping, by bringing them together again, 
they might grow better tempered: We sat an Hour after 
eating, and nothing was offered by either that could give 
any Offence: And I declined touching upon what was 
past^ hoping it might die away, and be no farther talked 
of; for it would not bear being revived, without Mis- 
chief ensuing; which I well knew. The Court, which 
stood adjourned to this Day, was now again farther put 
off, and adjourned to the 7th of October, before which 
Time we expedled the General's Return again; and 
there were some Prisoners in Goal, whom it would not 
be advisable to try, before such a Charge was exhibited 
against them, as he thought proper. 

Tuesday. Another Day's Intermission from meddling 28. 
in Accounts, by Consent. Mr. d'Beausaine returning up 
the River to his Plantation, I wrote a Letter by him to 



J 



400 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Mr. Montaigut, acknowledging the Receipt of what Let- v^ 
ters he had sent me from the Lieutenant Governor, and ^'g*** 
also inclosed one to Colonel Bull, which I wrote in Re- 
turn to his; and thought I could not chuse a fitter 
Canoille, than the same which he had made Use of, more 
especially as Opportunities of writing to Charles-Town 
were very rare with us. Mr. Norris coming to sit an 
Hour with me, whom I had observed for a while past to 
be more reserved and dumpish than usual (as I thought, 
tho' not particularly so to me) seemed to wish for Captain 
Thompson's Arrival, by whom Mr. Whitfield was ex- 
pected ; saying, that he was determined to take the first 
Opportunity of returning for England; which I was sorry 
to hear, and offered some such Reasons as occurred to 
me, why he should lay aside such Thoughts; for that I 
was very confident he stood well in the Opinion of the 
Trustees, and I did not doubt but all future Matters 
would be rendered easy to him: He replied, that he had 
met with many Discouragements, even from the Day of 
his first Landing, such as none of his Predecessors had 
ever found, and such as he truly believed the Trustees 
never meant he should; but they were far o£E, and it was 
not his Temper to be complaining often about little 
Things, which often repeated, were grown such, as now 
he could not, with any Comfort of Life, bear any longer, 
&c. I observed, that one great Grievance (as he termed 
it) was, that he thought himself ill treated at the Stores, 
where he said he scarce ever met with civil Usage: If he 
sent for the Boys and Servants Allowance, who lived un- 
der the same Roof with him, they were worse served 
that any others: If at any Time he sent for a few Bot- 
tles of Wine for his own Use, he had often such brought 
him, as was not fit to drink; when at the same Time he 
knew, and had taken Part of what was given out to other 
Favourites, that was good. I told him, that possibly it 
might happen through the Carelessness or ill Judgment 
of Servants, and therefore I would advise him to speak 
with Mr. Jones himself of it, who I hoped would redlify 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 401 

any Mistakes that might have happened: But he told me }J^ 
that he had so often done that in vain, that he was abso- August 
lutcly resolved not to have any more to do with him, 
having found whatever he said, always disregarded, and 
plainly perceived he was to fare the worse with him for 
his Function Sake, whose Aversion to the established 
Church was too apparent; whilst others were in a partic- 
ular Manner carressed: To which I offered in Reply, that 
I hoped he was mistaken, and though he was a Dissenter 
from our Church, yet surely he knew better than openly 
to throw any Obstacles in the Way of promoting the 
publick Worship: Whereat, with more Marks of Resent- 
ment than any I had before observed, he asked me what 
I thought of his not allowing Candles (as always had 
been) for the daily Evening Service? Probably (said I) 
there might be none in Store at the Time they were 
asked: Then (said he) they might have been provided 
since; for unless I had got some by seeking after them 
myself, there would have been no Evening Prayer for 
several Months past. I was willing to put an End to this 
Talk, which I found I could not turn to any Good; and after 
diverting it a little while to some other Point, he took 
his Leave with his usual Complaisance and Civility, 
which he had always shewn remarkably in his general 
Carriage to every Body; and I was concerned now to see 
what Impression of Mind he was under. 

Wednesday. A Vessel from Philadelphia having a ».. 
small Quantity of Provisions to dispose of, such as Mr. 
Jones thought necessary for present Use; Mr. Jones was 
in Treaty for them with the Master, whose Sloop lay at 
Tybee: And afterwards, Mr. Purry, (whose Partnership, 
with Montaigut was ended, and he going to live else- 
where) having divers Remnants of Iron-work left on his. 
Hands; among which were several useful Tools, oftent 
wanted, which Mr. Jones said he could buy a great Pen- 
nyworth, &c, he dealt also for that: Mr. Parker at the- 
same Time was gone up the River, by Invitation, out of 

28 or~?ol 4 



402 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Curiosity to see a Sloop launched at Mr. William's Plan- ^^ 
tation; which was building by his Order before he went AugMt 
hence, and was the first ever known to be built on this 
River: So that no immediate Progress could be made on 
the Commission of Accounts. Mr. Cadogan, in his Way 
from Carolina Southward, calling here, I took the Oppor- 
tunity by him of writing to the Major (at present the 
Commander in Chief over the King's Troops in this 
Province) and transmitting to him those Papers and Ad- 
vices which I had received on Sunday last from Colonel 
Bull. By this Opportunity we had News from Charles- 
Town, that Lewis Jones was taken there, and committed 
to safe Custody; being the Person who made his Escape 
by Flight the next Morning after that Murder was com- 
mitted, which he was deeply a Party in, and for which 
two of them had been hanged. Spent the Afternoon at 
my Plantation. 

Thursday. The frequent heavy Rains which had nk 
fallen this Summer, gave me sometimes fearful Appre- 
hensions of great Damage ensuing: And the ill News we 
now received, shewed those Apprehensions not to be 
vain; for by a Letter from one Tyrrel, appointed Direc- 
tor of the Saw-Mill Work at Old Ebenezer, to Mr. Jones 
last Night, we were informed in few Words, that a great 
and uncommon Flood came down upon them, and had 
blown up the Mill; and therefore desiring some Direction 
as soon as possible might be sent, or given, what they 
must do. This was judged impossible without seeing it; 
wherefore it was proposed, that some of us should go up 
thither, and upon viewing it, give such Directions as we 
then found necessary: Mr. Jones wished that he and I 
might both go, as he had never seen the Place; which I 
readily consented to, and withal, Mr. Francis Moor be- 
ing at present (in Appearance) not overcharged with 
Business, it was asked him also to go with us, that so 
our Enquiry into the Damage, and our joint Opinion 
thereon, might have the greater Weight with the General, 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 403 

when we saw him again. It being so resolved, we set }J^ 
out in a Boat with five Hands and one to steer, about ^^^*^ 
Nine or Ten at Night, taking the Benefit of the first of the 
Flood, to carry us as far as it would help; which usually 
is as far as Purysburgh, and that is reckoned twenty-six 
Miles: But now by Reason of the great Stream that 
came down and overpowered the Tide, we had the Bene- 
fit of it no farther than about Joseph's Town, which is 
ten Miles; and with very hard Labour against the Cur- 
rent, we made it past Eight the next Morning before we 
reached Purysburgh. 

Friday. After two or three Hours Rest and Refresh- si. 
ment, about Eleven we set out again, having only fifteen 
Miles to Ebenezer; but now the Stream was grown so 
rapid, that after long Toil we made it past Ten at Night 
ere we could reach it: From whence (having the Benefit 
of the Moon) we sent away a Messenger immediately, 
to Barker the Cow-Pen Keeper by the Saw-Mill, to fur- 
nish us with each a Horse before Sun-rising: After which 
we were kindly received by Mr. Bolzius the Minister, 
who has lately built a very good House, where he lives; 
and Mr. Groneau another near him, of somewhat less 
Size. We lodged very commodiously with Bedding 
laid on the Floor, and slept comfortably. 

Saturday. Horses coming according to Appointment, septemb. 
we mounted very early, and got to the Mill about Seven, 
where we saw indeed a melancholy Wreck, and the Mill 
sunk away and fallen all to one Side, but still held en- 
tire, thought impossible to be set so to right again: From 
whence it appeared that the Work was of sufficient 
Strength, as the Artificer had put it together; so was 
likewise the fore Bay, and the main Hatch-way, through 
which the spare Water was to be carried off, no Part of 
it that we could discover, giving Way, or taking any 
Damage: But the Flood was so strong, and spread so 
wide, that when it came, it covered the whole Ground 



404 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

near it, overflowing the whole Work, which was perfedlly jw^ 
buried under Water, and those Waters worked their Way s^pjem^ 
from the Outside of the Work underneath the Mill, 
which occasioned its Ruin: For after it had once found 
Vent, thro' ever so small a Cranny, it soon made it 
larger, the Ground washing away apace, being of a loose, 
sandy Nature, so that Cavities were quickly made almost 
every where round it; the Frame of the Whole yet hold- 
ing together, after the greater Part of the Foundation 
washed away and gone. Wherefore we thought the only 
Expedient at present necessary was, that the Frame of 
the Mill should be taken to Pieces as soon as possible, 
whilst it remained whole, before it received any farther 
Damage; and that the several Parts of it should be 
sorted, and carefully laid together, as well as the Iron 
Work, and Tools, &c. in a Place of Safety, till the Gen- 
eral's Pleasure could be known; for which we gave Or- 
ders: And after spending what Time we had to spare 
there, in other Enquiries, we returned to Ebenezer, were 
kindly entertained there for an Hour or two, and taking 
Boat about One a Clock, we came to Savannah betwixt 
Eight and Nine, performing that in so short a Time with 
the Stream, which took up more than three Times as 
much against it. 

Sunday. Another exceeding heavy Rain began about «. 
Four in the Morning, which held till Afternoon; and 
many People began to expedl so much foul Weather 
would end in a Hurricane at last. The public Service of 
the Day was not negle<5led. 

Monday. We met again, to proceed on the Commis- ^ 
sion of Enquiry into Accounts, and took Mr. Minis's in 
Hand again, whereon we had spent some Time on a 
former Day, and was the more difficult to get through, 
from the loose Way of Book-Keeping used by his late 
Partner Coiman Salamons, who discovered himself guilty 
of divers Frauds in his Partnership; which therefore was 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 406 

put an End to, and Minis was suing him; but he was fled ^itw^ 
and gone: Minis himself not being capable of keeping septemb. 
his own Books (which had been the principal Induce- 
ment of his taking Salamons into Partnership with him) 
and since the Breach betwixt them, he hired an able 
Clerk to do his Business; by whose Readiness we got 
such Light as was necessary, and proceeding very 
warily, we made shift to get over the Whole: Wherein 
we found many small Errors of little Moment, and no 
visible Marks of any designed Fraud; unless it be charged 
to him as such, that Mr. Causton's private Account was 
blended with the Trustees in some Articles, to the Value 
of about 40 /. Sterling, in the same Manner as we had 
found it with several others. Confined myself at home 
the latter Part of the Day, and began to think it Time to 
prepare another Packet for the Trust. 

Tuesday. Spent good Part of my Time in copying 4. 
my own Journal, &c. Pasquin began to appear again, in 
like Manner as last Year, and was very free with all Sorts 
of People, which was good Entertainment to many: But 
whether it was genuine Savannah Wit, or the Produce of 
some other Country, was not easy to discover. Mr. 
Jennys not appearing yet, or any one from him, we were 
at a little Stand in going, on with our Examination of 
Accounts; but resolved at our next Meeting to try how 
far we could penetrate of ourselves, into that of Mr. 
Jennys's, which carried the Face, so far as we yet saw, of 
much Perplexity. 

Wednesday. After a few Hours employed, looking 5. 
into Mr. Jennys's Accounts, which through Length of 
Time, and other Ways, required a close Examination; 
upon finding myself under a little more than ordinary 
Indisposition, I retired home, to compose my Disorder, 
and laid aside Business the rest of the Day. 

Thursday. Finding myself better, I returned to what «. 
we were doing Yesterday; the same Account which then 



406 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

employed us, yet holding out to puzzle; neither could we vn^ 
get to an End of it, after a long Morning's Work, Copy- Sep^t. 
ing Work at home was my Afternoon's Employment; and 
I found nothing of the Day more worth Notice, than the 
general Complaint which every Body made of the un- 
common Heat they felt, which was attributed to a black, 
heavy Sky, without Thunder to clear it, as it commonly 
does, and withoyt it is almost suffocating. 

Friday. By Appointment with Mr. Jones, we were to 7. 
have gone to the Trust's Farm this Morning, which was 
under Mr. Bradley's Management, to take an Inventory 
of what we should find: But by Means of such a Glut of 
Rain as had fallen of late (and particularly the Night 
past) some Swamp Lands in our Way were rendered un- 
passable at present; wherefore we deferred it for a few 
Days, and betook ourselves again to what we were look- 
ing after in the Account of Mr. Jennys, fresh Matter 
still appearing to stumble at: But we got through it, as 
well as we could, at last, making such Observations in 
our going on, as will be best determined when laid before 
the Trustees: And we purposed to stop our farther En- 
quiry for the present here, that we might methodize what 
we had done since we began, in order to send it away as 
soon as might be. In the Afternoon, by the Help of a 
Horse that I borrowed, I made a Visit to my little Plan- 
tation, which I found greviously drenched with the Wet; 
and I feared it might have a bad Effedt upon our Pota- 
toes and Roots under Ground; but the Corn being gen- 
erally ripe in most Places, and the Stalks bent down (as 
the Practice of the Country is) thereby to defend itself, 
we hoped it would be safe till a proper Time offered to 
gather it; it being common among many old Planters, 
after their Corn is so bent down, to let it hang till the 
rest of their Crop, whether Pease, Rice, &c. are al 
housed. 

Saturday. Very sudden and unexpected News, of a. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 407 

open War being declared with Spain, was brought us by 17B9. 
a Sloop that arrived here this Day, with some Provisions septemb. 
to sell, from Rhode-Island: The Master of which re- 
ported, that the Tartar Pink sailed out of England the 
17th of June, by Order of the Government, being sent 
Express, to inform the Provinces in the Northern Amer- 
ica of it, &c. That she arrived first at New-England; 
from whence Packets, which she brought, were immedi- 
ately dispatched by a Messenger over Land to Connedli- 
cut, Rhode-Island, New-York, &c. That the Messenger 
made no Stay, but went on in great Haste: And that soon 
after, the Governour of Rhode-Island, together with his 
Council, went into the Balcony of a publick House; from 
whence his Secretary read to the People, who assembled 
by Beat of Drum, what Orders he had received; whereby 
he was empowered to grant Commissions to all such as 
were fitly qualified, to set out Privateers, and to take, 
burn, or destroy, any Spanish Ships that they could: 
That before he left Rhode-Island, there were accordingly 
three Sloops got ready, with eighty Men each, and pre- 
paring immediately to put to Sea, and three or four more 
were preparing to follow them: That he understood the 
Tartar Pink was designed to sail, with as little Loss of 
Time as might be, from Boston, for Carolina and Geor- 
gia, with Packets from the Government for those two 
Provinces; and that he expe<5led she was here before him. 
It was thought proper to require the Master's Affidavit 
to the Truth of this Report; which he readily complied 
with: And thereupon, Mr. Francis Moor being in Town, 
he went South in few Hours after, to acquaint the Major, 
who at present is Commander in Chief there, with these 
Things, taking a Copy of the Affidavit with him. 

Sunday. The publick Divine Service was duly ob- 9- 
served at Church, and the Sacrament administred. In 
the Afternoon an Express was dispatched to the General 
(if haply he could be found, up in the Nations) to whom 
I wrote fully what occurred relating to the Affidavit, 



408 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

which I also sent Copy of: And whereas in the last ^^ 
Packet that I received from the Trust on the 25th of July, septcmb. 
there were several Letters for the General, which at that 
Instant I delivered into his Secretary, Mr. Moor's Hands; 
he now recommended the Care of those Letters to such 
as sent the Express, I made one Packet of the Whole: 
After which, I wrote also to the Lieutenant Governor of 
Carolina, inclosing Copy of the Master's Affidavit, as 
before; and also to the commanding Officer of the Com- 
pany in the Barracks at Port-Royal, sendinjj^ it to the 
Care of Messieurs Woodward and Flower at Port-Royal, 
to whom likewise I wrote: All which I did, upon Advice 
newly received, by a Boat arrived from Charles-Town, 
that they had none of this News there at his coming 
away, and possibly might not have any certain Account 
of it, till the Tartar Pink brought it: Moreover, in case 
they had authentick Advice, before mine reached them, 
it would appear a Token of our Readiness to impart any 
Intelligence we received, that either Province were inter- 
ested in. In the Evening a trading Boat, from New- 
Windsor, arrived in her Way to Charles-Town; the 
Patroon of which reported, that the General in his 
Travels, finding himself not well, was returning this Way, 
being not far from Augusta, where it might be expedled 
he was arrived before this Time; but how far this Patroon 
might be credited, I cannot say. 

Monday. Captain Davis having a Sloop laying here 10. 
for some Time past, which was publickly known to be 
bound for Augustin, with the same Trade that he sent 
hence by another not long ago: she now fell down the 
River to Tybee, intending thence to pursue her Voyage: 
But as Affairs stood at present with the Spaniards, 
we were a little alarmed at it, and of Opinion, that no 
Vessel ought to be permitted to sail thither from hence, 
whereby they were to be served in any Thing; and more- 
over we believed, that at Augustin they had yet no In- 
telligence of this Rupture, which could only be from the 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 409 

Havannah; and probably no Advice of it was yet arrived ^^^ 
there from Spain: Wherefore we thought it would be ®®p{J™**- 
wrong to allow this Sloop to sail thither on any Account: 
And after a little Conference with Captain Davis thereon 
(who at first seemed to dare us to stop his Vessel, at our 
Peril, but afterwards finding we were determined to do 
it) he wrote an Order himself to the Man whom he had 
appointed to command her, to bring her up again, and 
come to an Anchor where she lay before; which Order 
Mr. Fallowfield, our Naval Officer, was to carry down, 
and see executed; waiting farther the General's Pleasure 
when he would be here. 

Tuesday. Mr. Fallowfield returned from Tybee, and u. 
Captain Davis's Sloop anchored again at her Birth. What 
else happened worth Notice, was a malicious, wicked Adl 
done by some Person yet unknown, either Yesterday, or 
in the Night, upon Mr. Parker's Cattle; two whereof, 
viz. a Milch Cow that had a Calf sucking, and a young 
Heifer, were both cruelly maimed, and mortally wounded, 
by a Stroke with an Axe, or some heavy Weapon, cross 
the Chine, which cut through the Back-Bone of each 
alike: For the Discovery of which vile A<51, it was 
thought fit to publish a Reward of 5 /. Sterling to any 
who should bring the Person to Justice that did it; which 
Mr. Jones has promised to pay upon Convi<5lion of the 
Offender. This was the more remarkable, because Mr. 
Parker had suffered divers Losses of late in his Cattle, 
and therefore it was pretty evident the Spite was at him 
particularly, and probably might arise from some Villain 
whom the Magistrate had found sufficient Cause to deal 
somewhat sharply with, when he was in the Execution 
of his Office. 

Wednesday. Notwithstanding what Precaution was la. 
taken on Monday last with Captain Davis, to hinder any 
Intelligence going to Augustin, we had now Notice, that 
he was preparing to elude it all, and determined, by some • 



410 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Means or other, to carry on his Design; which gave great n». 
Apprehensions to many People of the Consequence: septomb. 
Whereupon the Magistrates met again, and resolved to 
demand sufficient Security of him, by entering into a 
Bond of 500 /. Sterling Penalty for himself, and his two 
Sureties in 250/. each, that he would not proceed farther 
in that Affair, till the General came: In Pursuance of 
which, the Recorder (Mr. Christie) was to see it done; 
and in the mean while Mr. Parker and I meeting the 
Captain, he seemed readily to agree to it: But the Re- 
corder afterwards (either through Mistake, or rather de- 
signedly, as we had Reason to believe from what Temper 
he discovered) made the Condition of the Bond to be 
only for the Vessel's not sailing, and no Restraint on the 
Captain himself, who might go where he pleased: The 
Consequence of which was 

Thursday. About One a Clock in the Morning, we u. 
were alarmed again, at a fresh and unexpected Move- 
ment of the Captain's, who with several Hands was car- 
rying divers Parcels of Baggage to the Water-Side; 
among whom was one Foster a Tything-man, at whose 
House the Captain lodged, and who was privy to the 
whole Intrigue (as we found afterwards) in Breach of his 
Duty to the Colony, and was to be one, among others, 
that should accompany the Captain in his Expedition: 
Another Tything-man that happened accidentally to be 
strolling about the Bluff at that Time of Night (on what 
Occasion we know not) seeing what was about, went im- 
mediately and knocked up Mr. Parker, who in like Man- 
ner calling on me, I rose, and calling Mr. Mercer the 
Constable, and thence in our Way we also took Mr, 
Jones with us, making what Haste we could to the 
Water-Side; where we found Foster and the other 
Tything-man (whose Name is Salter) skuffling about put- 
ting the Baggage into a Boat: Whereupon the Guard 
was called, which we were at a good Distance from; and 
on their coming all was secured. Here it is to be noted, 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 411 

that a Skooner lay at Anchor hard by, which came with nso^ 
some petty Cargo for Sale, a long while since, the Mas- septemb. 
ter whereof was an idle, drunken Fellow, and had but 
newly taken out his Clearance to return to some North- 
ern Plantation: It was so concerted now (as afterwards 
appeared) that upon the Captain's Sloop being stopt, he 
had hired, or (as some believed) bought this Skooner, 
to supply the Place of his Sloop, on board of which 
these Parcels were shipping, at this unseasonable Time 
of Night; and the Captain with his Followers, were also 
going in her; which the Captain himself Acknowledged, 
but denied his Intention of going to Sea in her, telling 
us, that he was only going to Tybee for the Benefit of 
Change of Air, by the Advice of Dr. Tailfer, where he 
purposed to stay waiting the General's Arrival: Which 
we thought was not probable, Tybee being a Place so ex- 
ceedingly pestered with Musketas, by Reason of the 
adjacent Marshes, that no Person would ever be fond of 
taking his Abode ashore there, as he pretended he 
meant to do in a Hut; where the Skooner, he said, was 
to leave him. After looking into the Baggage at the 
Guard, where we then came, and finding that most of it 
consisted of Bedding, and some other Things useful, 
whether on board or ashore, we dismissed the Company, 
leaving with the Guard a stridl Charge, that they should 
suffer no Vessel or Boat to go off without a Permit from 
the Magistrates. Captain Davis growing very warm at 
these Disappointments, and dire<5ling his Discourse to 
me, told me I might expedl a Protest, for Damages, &c. 
which I told him in Return, I valued not, and bade him 
do his worst. Soon after, we sent for the Master of the 
Skooner out of his Bed where he lodged; and upon Ex- 
amination, found him grossly prevaricating; but could 
not deny that Captain Davis, with other Company, was 
to go in his Vessel to Tybee, whilst he lay ashore, and 
most of the Sailors were the Captain's own, which be- 
longed to his Sloop that was stopt. Upon the Whole, there- 
fore, it was pretty manifest what was intended; and it was 



412 COLONIAL RECORDS, 

judged necessary to stop the Skooner also in the River, itw. 
as well as all other small Craft: After which we all re- ^p^™**- 
turned to our Rest Towards Noon an Express arrived, 
with Letters of the loth, from the Government at 
Charles-Town; and of Yesterday's Date from the Magis- 
trates in and near Port-Royal, confirming the War be- 
ing actually declared, which they had Advice of by a 
Sloop also from Rhode-Island, that arrived since the 
other which brought the first News of it: But the Tartar 
Pink was not yet heard of. By these Letters we were 
farther informed, that at the coming away of the Ex- 
press, several Guns were fired, and Signals made at 
Johnson's Port, in the Mouth of that Harbour; by which 
they understood several Ships were seen over the Bar, 
which they hoped came from Europe. But in the Midst 
of these Hostilities from abroad, it was now their great 
Unhappiness to have a more dangerous Enemy in the 
Heart of their Country to deal with: For their Negroes 
had made an Insurrection, which began first at Stonoe 
(Midway between Charles-Town and Port-Royal) where 
they had forced a large Store, furnished themselves 
with Arms and Ammunition, killed all the Family on 
that Plantation, and divers other white People, burning 
and destroying all that came in their Way; so that the 
Messenger who came, told us the Country thereabout 
was full of Flames: Our Letters also informed us, that 
they were fearful lest it should prove general; and that 
the Militia was raised upon them throughout the whole 
Province; a Party of whom, of about twenty, had met 
and engaged ninety of them in one Body, of whom they, 
had taken four Prisoners, and killed ten, &c. They far- 
ther wrote us, they had Reason to believe, that many of 
them would bend their Course to the South, and en- 
deavour to cross the Savannah River; from whence they 
intended to go on for Augustin to the Spaniards: Where- 
fore they hoped we would do what we could, in securing 
the Passes on that River, promising a Reward of 50 /. 
Currency for every Negro taken alive, and delivered at 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 413 

Charles-Town; and 25 /. ditto for every one killed, itm 
Upon these Advices, we dispatched Intelligence of it to sep^temb. 
the Major, commanding in the South, who possibly 
might, by small Parties, intercept some of them, if they 
escaped in crossing the River Savannah, and pursued 
their March to the Southward by Land: And as we could 
ill spare any of the few Men we had, that were fit to 
bear Arms, and by so doing leave ourselves more and 
more defenceless, we sent immediately Notice of it to 
Mr. Montaigut, whose Plantation with Negroes is not 
many Miles distant, and who is also a military Officer 
himself; recommending it to him, to have a Guard at 
those Passes beyond him, and send proper Caution to 
the Fort at Palachocolas,, farther than which would be 
needless: And we would do the best we could below, to 

the Mouth of the River. Now it fully appeared, that 

the securing that Spaniard some Time ago {vide July 29.) 
was not upon a groundless Suspicion (as some People 
then termed it, who are rarely pleased with whatever is 
done, because they have not the doing it) for it is more 
than probable, that he had been employed a pretty while, 
in corrupting the Negroes of Carolina; and was certainly 
with Don Pedro at Charles-Town, at the Time when he 
lately came thither with his Launch. 

Friday. All appeared quiet, without any farther Dis- 14. 
turbance at present: And I was very glad to see the Storm 
composed also, which lately happened betwixt our first 
Magistrate and Store- Keeper; who both seemed desirous^ 
that what was past might be forgot; and they conversed 
with mutual Tokens of Friendship. Late in the Even- 
ing arrived Captain Norbury, and with him Ensign 
Cadogan, from St. Simon's, being alarmed at the News 
of War, which we had sent them from hence; the Cap- 
tain now making his Way to his Post at Port- Royal, and 
Cadogan going for Carolina on Business of the Regi- 
ment, which was ordered him by the Major. 



414 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Saturday. Mr, Francis Moor, who came with those ^w»^ 
Officers Yesterday as far as Mr. Fallowfield's Plantation ^p^^- 
by Water, and lay there; rode thence this Morning, and 
returned to Town. Captain Norbury had an ExpeAation 
of taking a Sum of Money now with him that belonged 
to his Company, and was left, it seems, (on what Occa- 
sion not known) in the Hands of Mr. Upton, by Lieuten- 
ant Delegal, when he went for England: This Money 
Mr. Upton had been trading with at Charles-Town, and 
was going to dispose of the Goods in the South after 
his having staid here two or three Days; and Captain 
Norbury thereupon sent to speak with him about it, un- 
derstanding he intended to proceed next Day: But Mr. 
Upton, instead of seeing him, went off in the Morning 
very.carly with his Boat and Cargo; which the Captain 
was so enraged at when he rose, that he got a Warrant 
from Mr. Parker to stop him at Thunderbolt; which was 
done by Mr. Mercer the Constable: And Mr. Upton came 
to such Terms with the Captain, by Assurance of the 
Money being paid into an Officer's Hands at St. Simon's, 
as soon as the Goods were disposed of; that at length he 
permitted him to go on, after a great Hurly-burly, and 
warm Controversy, which the Captain had with Mr* 
Jones; who he thought took upon him to justify Mr. Up- 
ton farther than was right. 

Sunday. The ordinary Duty of the Day was regularly le. 
observed. 

Monday. Early this Morning died the Reverend Mr. n. 
Edward Dyson, Chaplain to General Oglethorpe's Regi- 
ment: He had been absent upon Furlow some Time; 
most Part of which he passed away in this Town, where 
he sickened a while since, and a Pleuretick Fever carried 
him off at last. Captain Norbury, with Mr. Cadogan, 
purposed to have gone off this Afternoon; and I took 
this Opportunity by them, of sending my Packet of the 
lOth Instant to Mr. Verelst; which they promised to take 



COLONIAL RECORDS- 416 

Care of, together with my Letter to Mr. Hopton, recom- mo^ 
mending it to him to send it off by the first fitting Occa- sepiemb. 
sion: But being invited to Mr. Dyson's Funeral this 
Evening, where they attended, and did the Corpse the 
Honour of firing some small Arms in Token of his being 
one of the Regiment, they put off their Design till to- 
morrow. 

Tuesday. Mr. Parker acquainted me this Morning, is- 
that after Mr. Fallowfield (as Constable on Duty) had 
looked cursorily into Mr. Dyson^s Chest, Scrutore &c. 
wherein many Writings of various Kinds, and Accounts, 
were found; at which Inspection we had desired Mr. 
Francis Moor to be present, and also Mr. Jones; and they 
had locked and sealed all up, to prevent any Embezzle- 
ment, till a proper Administrator was appointed: Mr. 
Christie, the Recorder, had now applied to him (Parker) 
to join in putting the Seal to an Administration which 
he had prepared, wherein Mr. Fallowfield was appointed 
of Right (as he deemed it) to take that Office upon him: 
But Mr. Parker (knowing better than to commit the 
Trust of such Effedls, that were supposed to be very 
considerable, to those two) had refused him: And indeed 
it was well provided, that the Seal was never to be come 
at, without more Keys than one; likewise it is to be 
doubted our Recorder might have gone sometimes un- 
warrantable Lengths; and the Chagrin which sat close 
upon him for a while past, was generally imputed to the 
Defeats and Disappointments he had met with in his At- 
tempts. I told Mr. Parker what I thought, that he was 
much to be commended; and my Advice was, that every 
Thing being safe, under Locks and Seals, it would be 
best, for farther Security, to remove all into the publick 
Stores, and Mr. Fallowfield might keep the Keys till the 
General came, and a proper Person or Persons were ap- 
pointed by him to administer. About Noon arrived 
Peter Emery, with his Boat from Charles-Town, after 
several Days Expedlation; but brought no News of any 



416 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Ship come from England, or any Letters thence: But I ^i^ 
had one from Lieutenant Governor Bull, informing us, septemb. 
that what I had wrote him of the 9th, and the Affidavit 
inclosed, was verified in all its Parts; and that Captain 
Warren in the Squirrel was lately come in, who acquainted 
him of his having been at Boston, and that he parted 
with Captain Townshend in the Tarter Pink three Days 
before, who was stationed at Carolina, and was to follow 
him to the South after Delivery of the Orders he had 
brought; where he designed, with Captain Laws in the 
Spence. to visit the Gulph of Florida, and the Spanish 
Coasts: Moreover, Captain Warren assured the Lieuten- 
ant Governor (as he writes me) that he. with all his 
Majesty's Ships on this Northern Station have particular 
Orders, upon the first Notice or Suspicion of the Span- 
iards intending to invade either of these Provinces, to 
come to their Assistance immediately; and that he, as 
the senior Commander, upon due and full Information, 
would send for all his Majesty^s Ships aforementioned. 
This was good News Indeed: But it occasioned a little 
Observation to be made, that whilst all the Northern 
Provinces had each of them one, two, or three stationed 
Ships always ready to prote<Sl them, poor Georgia had 
never any but the Hawk Sloop yet. Colonel Bull, after 
touching upon a few other Particulars, in Conclusion 
tells me, that all Matters which may concern the Safety 
and Advantage of either Province, should from Time to 
Time be communicated to me: And he informed me 
likewise, that their Militia had attacked the rebellious 
Negroes, with that Vigour and Success, killing so many 
of them, that they had put an End to their Designs; 
which was also happy News. But by some other Letters 
which came thence, a very terrible Calamity of Sickness 
had befallen them at Charles-Town, which proved ex- 
ceeding mortal, great Numbers dying weekly, and it is 
termed a contagious, malignant Fever: Which among a 
Multitude of others, had carried off some of our Free- 
holders, who preferred living there to this Place; namely. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 417 

Coatcs. Mucr, Delgrass, and Holmes; whether any others vno^ 
of them or not, we are yet to learn. From several In- sept^mb. 
stances it appearing, that Captain Davis was still carry- 
ing on his Design, of getting secretly away, and to go to 
Augustin, in spite of all Caution used to prevent it; 
which might be of most dangerous Consequence to this 
Colony: And also receiving Information, that his Sloop 
which he sent thither about two Months since, was re- 
turned, and coming up our River; but upon secret Advice 
sent her, she turned back, and was sailed to some other 
Port, which we imagined was done to prevent any Ex- 
amination being taken of her by the Magistrates here: 
It was now thought high Time to be no longer trifling, 
when we knew not but our All was at Stake; wherefore 
the Magistrates took him into safe Custody: But in Con- 
sideration of his being an infirm Man, would not commit 
him to the common Prison; but at his own Request, or- 
dered him to be confined to his own Lodgings, with two 
Centuries over him. N. B. Mr. Christie was not present, 
either at this, or any of the former Proceedings concern- 
ing Davis, though sent to; but joined with the Cabal,, 
which still subsisted at Jenkins's, censuring and oppos- 
ing every Thing, as far as they could, that was done,, 
calling it arbitrary and tyrannical, against Law, &c. Nay^ 
so far was he possessed with that Spirit of Contradiction,, 
that in my Hearing he declared it an unjust Adl, to da 
what was before done, only on a groundless Suspicions 
Which I could not without some Indignation reply to,, 
and ask him, whether or not Captain Davis's own Words 
of Defiance, which he used, and daring any one to stop 
him at their Peril, for to Augustin he was going, and 
thither he would go: Whether or not after such a Decla- 
ration and Attempt to go off secretly in the Night, the 
Magistrates proceeded on groundless Suspicion: For if 
he propagated such Doctrine, there would be more than 
a groundless Suspicion, that he himself was not so well 
affedled as he ought. It was too remarkable, that for 
some Time past, he was become a close Disciple under 

27 o r— Tol 4 



418 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

our famous Demagogue, whose continual Pradlice for a vm^ 
long while had been to instruift his Hearers in being very s^pg^b. 
circumspedl, lest their Liberties should be infringed; and 
that it was their Duty always to stand in Defence of 
them: So that from this Nursery most of those Evils 
have sprung that have formerly been taken Notice of; 
and this poor, weak Man, having his Vanity tickled, and 
being persuaded that his Knowledge in the Law was su- 
perior to the others his Associates in the Magistracy, 
which they ought to pay an implicit Regard to, but did 
not; he became peevish, and instead of giving any As- 
sistance to the publick Affairs carrying on, he advised 
with none but those, who never approved of any Thing 
which they had not the Diredlion of, or at least were con- 
sulted in: So that by his thus withdrawing himself, the 
greatest Weight of civil Power to secure the Peace, fell 
to Mr. Parker's Share almost totally for the present, Mr. 
Gilbert being incapable in many Things to take a Share 
abstractedly to himself, though always ready to join in 
doing his Duty sans Reproche\ By which Means Parker 
has shewn fully a good natural Understanding, and clear 
Discernment of Justice, with a suitable Courage, not 
soon to be terrified from pursuing what he thinks so, 
like a right honest Man: And so Mr. Jones esteems him, 
notwithstanding their late Discord, which I hope is pretty 
well forgotten between them, and they will be better 
cemented hereafter: It would be pretty hard to deter- 
mine which of them was in the right at that Time; I 
thought them both wrong. 

Wednesday. Our two Officers bound to Port-Royal, ». 
and not liking the Weather to cross Delfuska Sound 
Yesterday, they went off this Morning: And this prov- 
ing a Day of more Leisure, every Body followed quietly 
their own Business; which among such as had any Planta- 
tion, was to get some of their Harvest. 

Thursday. This Morning I was knocked up about *>• 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 419 

One a Clock by an Express from the General, who wrote i7«»- 
me of Yesterday's Date from Palachocolas, that he was 8«p^mt>- 
come thither; that his Health was pretty well recovered; 
that he should stay there till this Day, to receive Ad- 
vices of what was doing by the revolted Negroes; and 
that if nothing happened extraordinary, he intended to 
proceed to Ebenezer this Evening; then call at Mr. 
d'Beausain's, and so make all the Haste he could down. 
By which we found the Report of his Sickness was too 
true; and all who had a due Value for him, when I pub- 
lished the news, as the Day came on, were very joyful to 
hear it. Towards Evening I received a large Packet, 
sent by the Attorney- General from Charles-Town, which 
he wrote me of the 15th he received the Day before, by 
the Tartar Pink arrived just then, which had been 
earnestly expedled, and brought Orders from England 
to the Governor what he was to do, upon this War 
breaking out: On opening it, I found the Bulk of what 
was enclosed, was a distindl Packet to the General, and 
one of a small Size diredled to me; both which had been 
put under one Cover by the Attorney-General, and came 
both to him from the Trust: In that for me, were a few 
Letters for private Persons, and one to myself from Mr. 
Verelst. who wrote me of the 22d of June a short Letter, 
but a very kind one, relating to my own Affairs, and the 
Trust's Benevolence towards me; which gave me more and 
more Vigour: What else he had to say, he told me (be- 
ing in a Hurry) I might expedl by Captain Thompson, 
who was ready to sail, but a general Embargo at present 
stopt him, which it was expedled the Trustees would 
soon get a License from the Government to free him 
from, and then he would sail. These Packets were sent 
from Charles-Town by the Way of Purysburgh, under 
the Care of one Major Bryan who was going that Way, 
who had the Charge of another Packet, that came also by 
the Tartar, not from the Trust, but supposed to be from 
some of the publick Officers of State, dircdled to the 
General; and by the same Conveyance likewise came 



420 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

another Letter of the 15th from Colonel Bull to me, ^im 
signifying his having received Orders to grant Letters of 8«p^mi>. 
Marque, &c. and to adl offensively against the Spaniards; 
and referring me farther to his Letter of the 13th, which 
I had received. All these Dispatches coming to the 
Hands of Mr. Montaigut in the Neighbourhood of Purys- 
burgh, he sent his Boat away with them immediately 
hither, where we also looked wishfully to see the General 
tomorrow. 

Friday. Took a Walk very early this Morning, and «i- 
catched the Opportunity of a few Hours to spend with 
my Crew, and see what Advances they had made in the 
Work appointed them last. We were getting in Corn 
now, which Jones thought would have been exceeded by 
nobody in Goodness, on the like Quantity of Ground: 
But the long, heavy Rains that fell this Summer (more 
than common) and often covered the low Lands with 
Water, bred such an Excess of Worms and Insedls, as 
did very great Damage, more than Half not escaping; 
which must reduce our Measure to the same Proportion: 
But the highest and dry Lands have produced such a 
Crop for those who have taken proper Care in Cultiva- 
tion, as ought to encourage them. These Accidents are 
not uncommon in all Countries; and in my Native of 
England, the Farmers in the up-land Parts seldom or 
never grieve, when they see their Neighbours in Vale al- 
most drowned. I returned in ExpecSlation of seeing 
the General some Time to Day; but upon his not com- 
ing, we concluded that he spent the Night ensuing with 
Messieurs Montaigut and Beausain, agreeable to what 
he had wrote. Nothing stirring worth Note. 

Saturday. Little Attention given to any Thing, be- 12 
sides the earnest Expectation that almost every Body 
shewed of the General's Arrival, which drew many Peo- 
ple to the Water-side, to wait his Coming; but it proved 
in vain yet. Captain Davis, with some of his principal 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 421 

Assistants of the Club, we understood was fully em- nw. 
ployed for two or three Days past in drawing up a Re- sep^mb. 
monstrance of the ill Usage he had met with, to be pre- 
sented to the General as soon as he came; wherein it 
would appear so unexampled (as they gave out) that the 
Authors of it would have Cause to repent of what they 
had done: All which we were to see, and how far our 
Adlions would be approved by the General, or censured. 

Sunday. The Service in the Church had due Observ- 28. 
ance. About Five in the Afternoon the Boat was 
espied coming down the River, wherein was the General, 
who landed soon after, under the usual Compliment of 
our Cannon, and as many of our Freeholders, as could 
get under Arms in little more than a Quarter of an Hour, 
which was about fifty, to receive him; all glad to see 
him so well, and healthy, as he appeared, after so dan- 
gerous a Sickness as he had lately gone through. He 
was attended to his Lodging by the principal Officers 
and Magistrates of the Town; who after paying their 
Respedls, and hearing what he was pleased to acquaint 
them with (briefly at present) all took their Leave, and 
withdrew. I delivered him the Packet from the Trust, 
which came to my Hands the 20th; and after he had 
opened it and read some of those Advices he seemed to 
think of most Moment, I retired, and left him to his 
Rest, which I thought he wanted. 

Monday. My Duty prompted me to a pretty close u. 
Attendance on the General, which I gladly paid; and in 
Conversation he was pleased most agreeably to inform 
us, how unquestionably he had the Friendship of the 
Lower and Upper Creek Indians secured to us, which at 
this Time more especially was of so great Value, when 
we were apprehensive, thro' the secret Working of our 
Enemies, their former Amity began to wax cold: But as 
they were a very numerous and bold Nation, and lay im- 
mediately on the Back of this Province, we now looked 



422 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

on them as a Wall of Defence. After imparting to us n«^ 
what he thought proper, relating to his Travels, the next 8«p^«mi). 
Thing desirable was his Approbation of the publick Pro- 
ceedings here since he left us; which he let us understand 
he was very well pleased with, particularly in bringing 
the Authors of that late Murder to Justice, for which 
two of them had suffered; and next, for being so watch- 
ful in guarding against any dangerous Correspondence 
at this Season with the Spaniards, commending the Spirit 
which appeared among us on that Occasion, and con- 
firming what was done relating to Captain Davis, as what 
the Exigence of Time required; whom he moreover sent 
for in the Evening, and after a private Conference with 
him for a little while, he remanded him to his former 
Confinement, till he should consider farther of it another 
Day with the Magistrates. This was the more accepta- 
ble, because it was a sufficient Token to our Gentry of 
the Cabal, how vain and impotent their little Craft, mixed 
with much Malice, would appear, in Opposition to those 
who pursued such Steps as conduced to the Welfare of 
the Colony. 

Tuesday, "^ The great Variety of Matter, ». 

Wednesday, which the General had under his «. 

Thursday, V Consideration, during his Abode 27. 

Friday, | amongus,atthis important Jundlure, ^• 

Saturday. J made it impradlicable for me to keep * 

Pace, as to an exadl Diary of all that passes: Wherefore 
it was only in my Power to note some of the most re- 
markable Transactions that happened during these five 
Days past, without specifying particular Times. Captain 
Davis, by the General's Order to the Magistrates, was 
discharged from his Confinement, upon his entering into 
a Bond of 100 /. Penalty not to go to Augustin, or any 
Spanish Port, and to be of the good Behaviour: And 
afterwards he found Means of obtaining the General's 
Opinion of his Sincerity so far, that he undertook to 
turn his Sloop, which was intended for Augustin, into a 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 42S 

Privateer, and the General would grant him a Commis- ^IJto^ 
sion for that Purpose: So that he now appeared as ear- sep^temii. 
nest to plunder the Spaniards, as before he was to succor 26. 
them: And it was well known, that through the long In- 27. 
tercourse he had with them, and the Knowledge of all «. 
their Coasts, he was capable of annoying them very much: ». 
Wherefore we were now to expedl some performances 
of those Exploits which he proposed, and due Diligence 
at present was used, to fit out this Privateer, and get her 
well manned. Frequent Dispatches were sent to divers 
Places, with Orders, as the General saw needful: And 
Lieutenant Dunbar being sent on this Occasion to 
Charles-Town, I wrote to him by Mr. Verelst (to be for- 
warded by my Correspondent Mr. Hopton) a Letter of 
the 25th; wherein I enclosed, by Order from the General, 
Copies I had taken of three Affidavits, made in the In- 
dian Nation, by Brown and Gardner; setting forth the 
fatal Consequence of Rum in such Abundance, sent from 
Carolina among the Cherokee Indians, &c. and it was 
not impropable but that this Letter might overtake at 
Charles-Town the former which I wrote of the'ioth. 
Every Body that we saw from Carolina confirmed the 
deplorable State they were in at Charles-Town (as be- 
fore noted on the i8th) and the freshest News thence 
informed us, that Saturday and Sunday last they buried 
nineteen and twenty on a Day; so that it is deemed next 
to a Pestilence; most of those who are taken with it, 
dying in less than forty-eight Hours; and by a careful 
Computation among themselves, they reckon the Small- 
Pox among them a little while since, and this dreadful 
Mortality now, have taken away at least one Fourth of 
the white People of that Town: One or two more of our 
deserting Freeholders are said to be among the Deceased, 
namely, Desborow the Carpenter, and his two Sons, both 
grown to Man's Estate; Mr. Amiens, Clerk of the As- 
sembly; Mr. Lewis, a Lawyer, and Judge of the Admi- 
ralty; and old Monsieur Thomas, a noted Engineer, who 
left St. Simon's lately, upon a Stop being put to any 



424 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

farther Fortifications there at that Time. Mr. Eyre, a ^ 
Cadet in the Regiment, who with others attended the ^^p^"^- 
General in his Progress among the Indians, was now sent 26. 
back thither, with Instrudlions, and a Commission, to a:, 
one Mr. Samuel Brown, a noted and well esteemed 28- 
Trader among the Cherokees, to bring down a considera- *^- 
ble Body of that Nation, and to march at the Head of 
them, expecting they would be several Hundreds, whom 
it is presumed his Excellence purposes to make use of, 
as a Diversion with the Spanish Indians in the Neigh- 
bourhood of Augustin: And he depends on a strong De- 
tachment from the Creeks, pursuant to their late Agree- 
ment; whom he will not keep idle. During these 
Preparations against the Enemy, which were carried on 
and diredled by him alone, who best knew how. and in 
whom proper Powers were invested, our Juntillo, who 
sought all Occasions to distinguish themselves at all 
Times, now projedled to form themselves into a Body, 
under the Titl^ of Volunteers, who desired to be regu- 
lated a Company for Defence of the Country, &c. but 
exclusive of any Commands from the standing Militia of 
the Town where they lived: For which End, they be- 
lieved it the wisest Course to name their own Officers; 
and accordingly they chose their Captain, Lieutenant, 
and Ensign among themselves; who, all together, did not 
exceed six or seven in Number; but were looked on as 
Men qualified to condudl any Enterprize they took in 
Hand (though miserably defeated hitherto in all their 
political Schemes) and having so laid this Ground-Work, 
they made no Question but Gentlemen Volunteers would 
flock together, under the imaginary Command of Cap- 
tain Tailfer, &c. till after two or three Days Waiting, 
and seeing no Recruits come in, they then betook them- 
selves to sollicit such as they could prevail with, to be 
enrolled in a Piece of Paper; where at length they picked 
up about a Dozen more to be added to the former; and 
these were generally loose Fellows, mostly Scotch Serv- 
ants lately out of their Time, or the like. Thus provided, 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 425 

they next addressed the General, by Petition, that he i7«». 
would authorize them to adl conformable to what they sep^mb. 
conceived would render them useful to the Colony: But ^ 
his Excellence not happening to think as they did, that 27. 
an Independent Command in such Hands would contrib- 28. 
ute to the Safety of the Colony, which required Unity, 29. 
and due Obedience in all Things for our Preservation; he 
received it with Contempt, and not without some Re- 
sentment (it may be imagined) at their Insolence, in con- 
stituting Officers of their own, in Expedlation that he 
would give them Commissions, exalting them above all 
others. And so the Week ended. 

Sunday. Due Observance was paid to the Day; and so. 
the General was pleased to attend Divine Service both 
before Noon and after. 

Monday. The General ceased not from a continual October 
Application to regulate every Thing that he thought Ex- 
pedient for us to govern ourselves by, in his Absence, 
when he should go for the Southern Frontier, which we 
now expedled would be in few Days more. Towards 
Evening arrived Captain Davis's Snow, under the Com- 
mand of Captain James Williams, who sailed hence with 
Lumber for the West-Indies some Months since {vide 
May 28, 29, 30, and' June i.) and leaving the Snow at 
Tybee, he came up in his Boat, when he waited on the 
General, and made his Report, &c. His Loading was 
principally Molasses and Sugar; which unless he found 
a Market for here, he intended to look farther: His 
Brother Robert, who sailed with him from hence, staid 
at St. Kitt's; and it was supposed was gone ere now for 
England. 

Tuesday. Nothing worth Note, unless a violent Rain 2. 
may be thought so, which began with the Sunrising, and 
held all Day in an uncommon Manner; so that the 
Ground was covered with Water, even on the high Land 



426 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

where the Town stands; and there was no stirring out of ^^ 
Doors, neither did . it entirely cease at Bed-Time: But October 
such Rains being always looked for in other hot Coun- 
tries, at this Season of the Year, puts an End to any Ad- 
miration here. To-morrow being the Day when the Re- 
prieve would expire, which was granted to Levett (one 
of those condemned for Murder) and he writing a Peti- 
tion to the General for Mercy; wherein, instead of own- 
ing himself guilty of any Crime, he insisted on his Inno- 
cence, lamenting his Misfortune that he lay under Sus- 
picion of Murder; the General was much offended at it, 
and construed it to be arraigning the Justice of the 
Place, and particularly of the Jury, who had found him 
Guilty: For how was it possible for them to believe what 
he alleged in his own Defence, viz. that he was not well, 
and laid down to sleep, so that he heard nothing of it; 
when it was confessed by himself, and known, that the 
Place where he said he lay, was upon the Deck, and 
within very few Yards of where the Faft was committed; 
which in the barbarous Manner it was carried on, must 
take up much Time, and could not be without Strife and 
Noise? The General farther observed, that he now fell 
short even of that Confession which he had made before, 
and found him prevaricating: Wherefore, to vindicate 
the Justice of the Court and Jury, and not to leave it in 
his Power, by a Pardon, to throw Reproaches on both 
hereafter, he resolved he should die; and ordered that 
he should have Notice to prepare himself for it in four 
Days more. 

Wednesday. The General intending to publish the 3 
War with Spain, in due Manner and Form; he gave Or- 
ders for all the Freeholders to be under Arms at Beat of 
Drum, and that the Magistrates, in their Gowns, should 
be on the Bench at Noon in the Court-House; whilst in 
the mean Time he diredled a proper Declaration to be 
wrote, setting forth the Orders he received from his 
Majesty's Secretary of State, relating thereto; and also 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 427 

another Paper, cautioning all Persons in this Province, ™^ 
to have a watchful Eye upon any Negroes, who might October 
attempt to set a Foot in it; forasmuch as many of them, 
at the Instigation of the Spaniards, had run lately away 
from their Masters in Carolina, and found kind Recep- • 
tion at Augustin: And moreover, the late Insurrection of 
them in that Province, which was but newly suppressed, 
gave Reason to apprehend, that some of such as had yet 
escaped, might be lurking about in Georgia, in hopes to 
make their Way to the Enemy; and in passing on, 
might do great Mischief among our Settlers; promising, 
as a Reward for taking them, what the Act here directs, 
and withal, what the Government at Carolina promises 
to pay, for every such runaway Negroe, delivered at 
Charles-Town, alive or dead. When the General came 
to the Court-House, where he found the Magistrates on 
the Bench, he took his Seat by them: and the Militia, 
who being drawn up before the Court-House, had 
grounded their Arms, and were all come within the 
Doors; his Excellence then made a Speech to them all, 
suitable to the Occasion, commending that Chearfulness 
which he observed to be in all Ranks of People, assur- 
ing them, that effectual Care had been taken by him to 
prevent any Enemy from coming on our Backs from the 
West and South; and as we lay open only to the Sea, 
we had already some Frigates cruising on the Coast to 
protedl us; and he had Assurance from the Government 
of more Strength at Sea; as also some Expe<5lation of 
an additional Force by Land, to be sent him in a little 
while. Then he put those Papers into my Hands, which 
were prepared, directing me to read them to the People; 
which I did, as audibly as I could; afterwards the Con- 
stables read them again to the Men, on taking up their 
Arms; and next, they were affixed to the Doors of the 
Court-House. Upon the General's Return to his Lodg- 
ings five Cannon were fired, and the Militia gave three 
handsome Vollies with their small Arms, as it were in 



428 COLONIAL RECORDS- 

Defiance, without the Appearance of any Dread of the ^^ 
Spaniards. ^^^' 



Thursday, ^ So little Intermission was found these 
Friday, > few Days from attending the General's 

Saturday. j Commands, which rather multiplied 
than abated, through his incessant Application, that the 
most material Thing which happened abroad, and I 
thought worth noting, was the Death of the old Mico 
Thomo Chichi, said to be upwards of ninety Years of 
Age: And as the General always esteemed him a Friend of 
the Colony, and therefore showed him particular Marks 
of his Esteem, when living; so he distinguished him 
at his Death, ordering his Corpse to be brought down; 
and it was buried in the Centre of one of the principal 
Squares, the General being pleased to make himself one 
of his Pall-Bearers, with five others, among whom he 
laid his Commands on me to be one, and the other four 
were military Officers: At the Depositing of the Corpse, 
seven Minute Guns were fired, and about forty Men in 
Arms (as many as could instantly be found) gave three 
Vollies over the Grave; which the General says he in- 
tends to dignify with some Obelisk, or the like, over it, 
as an Ornament to the Town, and a Memorial to the In- 
dians, how great Regard the English would pay to all 
their Nations, who maintain true Friendship with us. 

Sunday. Divine Service was performed in the usual 
Manner. A Boat arrived from Captain Thompson, just 
come to an Anchor without the Bar at Tybee: In the 
Boat was Captain Hugh McKay, who went as soon as 
ashore to wait on the General, to whom he carried a 
Packet: And at the same Time the Cockswain of the 
Boat brought me a Bag sealed, wherein I found also a 
Packet dire<$led to me, and many Letters loose in the 
Bag for divers People; besides one from the Captain of 
the Ship to me, desiring me to make haste down to him, 
or to send a Reason why not: And moreover I received 



4. 

5. 

e. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 429 

a Letter from Mr. Verelst of the i6th of July, signify- vj^ 
ing the Orders the Trust had given Captain Thompson; October 
as also importing the Trustees' Orders to me, to go forth- 
with on board the Ship, on her Arrival, and receive the 
Packet diredled to me; in which Packet I should find a 
Diredlion to a covered Box dire<$led to me, N* i. 
wherein were Bills General Oglethorpe would sign and 
deliver to me, pursuant to the Trustees Request to him. 
With Leave of the General, about Ten at Night, I set 
off (the Tide then serving) together with Captain Mc- 
Kay, in the Ship's Yawl, which returned; and we had 
provided a small Vessel to follow us (a Skooner) suffi- 
cient to bring away what Passengers were for this Place; 
likewise some few Goods that we were in great Need of, 
such as could be readily come at, and by which I myself 
might be sure of getting home again, with what Speed I 
could possibly; the General sending his Orders by us to 
Captain Thompson, to make Sail for St. Simon's without 
Loss of Time, apprehending that the Ship might lie in 
Danger where she was, either from bad Weather sud- 
denly rising on the Coast, or possibly from the Enemy, 
by some of their Launches, or small Craft well armed: 
So that there could be no Expectation of the Bulk of 
those Goods consigned to me, being delivered at Savan- 
nah, till the Ship returned thither; which probably could 
not be in less than four or five Weeks. The General 
granted a farther Reprieve to Levett, who otherwise must 
have suffered Death to-morrow» 

Monday. About Three in the Morning we got aboard, g. 
the Ship lying far out at Sea, where with great Impa- 
tience I waited the Skooner's Coming, all the fore Part 
of the Day, which gave Room for a little Chat what was 
doing in England, &c. And by Reason of an easterly 
Breeze, it was long ere the Skooner got out; so that she 
came up to us late in the Day, and then we used all pos- 
sible Dispatch to put on board her four Pipes of Madera 
Wine (there being not a Drop to be had in Town) and 



430 COLONIAL EECORD& 

seventeen Casks of Flour, Part of the forty sent; which ^ 
also there was great Need of: And then putting the Pas- o«^^' 
sengers aboard, I took my Leave; but not without re- 
membering to carry the Box N"* i. with me, and imme- 
diately both Vessels made Sail, about Seven in the Even- 
ing, fine Moon-Light, with a small Breeze at East, which 
answered equally our Purposes; but a strong Tide with- 
held us from getting in at Tybee; so that we were forced 
to come to an Anchor near the Bar till towards Morn- 
ing; and then the Wind shifting to the North-West, we ». 
made it a whole Tide's Work to reach Cockspur Road, 
about two Miles within the Light-House; and there (see- 
ing Matters so cross to my Designs) I got a small Canoe, 
and rowing up against Tide, I came to Savannah, Tues- 
day Evening, just at shutting in of Day-Light; when 
I waited on the General, and made Report of what I 
knew. 

Wednesday, ^ The greatest Part of my Time lo. 

Thursday, i being taken up, as for a while past, ii. 

Friday, f most agreeably in attending the u. 

Saturday. J General's Commands, and executing ^' 

such as were required; I had only the Power of making 
a few short Observations these four Days on the Temper 
of the People (as I could easily discover) since Captain 
Thompson's Arrival, and the great Alterations which 
came by the Letters he brought, that were to be made 
in the Magistracy of this Place: And I saw plainly, that 
they were in a good Disposition to be well pleased, and 
pay all due Obedience to whatever the honourable Trus- 
tees thought proper, for the good Government which 
they were to live under: But the Advancement of Mr. 
Christie to the Place of first Bailiff, was a little shock- 
ing to almost every Body, even the best of the Inhabi- 
tants; that a Man, who for some Time past was grown 
so obnoxious among them, for his bare-faced Partiality, 
for his scandalous living in open Adultery with a Man's 
Wife (Richard Turner) who run away hence to the West- 



COLONIAL EECORDS. 431 

Indies a while ago; and his close Adherence to that mis- iw»^ 
chievous Assembly at Jenkins's, who had been contin- ^®Jg|*' 
ually stirring up Strife and Sedition, insomuch that, not ^ 
without good Reason, they were apprehensive his future la. 
Behaviour on the Bench, would shew manifestly under w. 
what Influence he adled; and it began already to appear, 
how far that Rump of an almost worn-out Party, were 
again elated, and pricked up their Ears at this News; for 
when it was understood by them, that Mr. Christie was 
to take that Office upon him, as soon as he had made 
out Copies of the Proceedings of the Town-Court to the 
Time Mr, Williamson, who was to succeed him, was 
sworn in; when I was to deliver to Mr. Christie his Con- 
stitution as first Bailiff, and not before; and likewise that 
I was to deliver Mr. Williamson's Constitution for the 
Place of Recorder, as soon as Mr. Christie had perfected 
his Copy of the proceedings of the Court, to the Time 
of Mr. Williamson's taking upon him that Office, and 
not before; (the former of which was such a Task, as 
was well known would employ him a long Time, if ever 
it could be perfected; in such Confusion and Disorder 
were the Court Proceedings kept; and the latter no Man 
could foresee when it would happen, Mr, Williamson 
having left this Place, and being gone to Charles-Town 
to pradlise there as an Attorney, uncertain when, or 
whether ever, to return hither:) This so galled them, 
that they could not contain themselves; but they gave a 
full Loose to their Passions: And thereupon, after a Day 
or two whispering their Sentiments about Town, endeav- 
ouring to inveigle unwary People into an Opinion, that 
some Craft was at the Bottom to destroy their Liberties; 
it became an open Talk in the Streets, that it was de- 
termined, as soon as the Court opened, which would be 
next Monday, to set Mr. Christie on the Bench, which 
was his Right, forcibly, if it could not be done other- 
wise. All this I took Care to inform the General of; 
who ordered me to put it into Writing by Way of Letter 
to him, and to give Notice to the Freeholders to make a 



432 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

full Appearance at the Time of opening the Court: I ^ 
did so, and well knew that the Orders the General gave, oc^^r 
were sufficient to defeat the Purposes of such pigmy u. 
Enterprizers, should they attempt any Violence: For ^ 
how faulty soever we may have been at Savannah, I am 13. 
very confident more than nine Parts in ten, would on 
such, or any other Occasion, oppose and defeat all Con- 
trivances to annoy the Civil Power. But the Peace is 

best preserved without such Experiments. 

Sunday. Mr. Norris officiated at Church, in the pub- w 
lick Service, as usual; and the General was pleased to 
attend it. 

Monday. The General having well considered the is. 
present Circumstances of Affairs, was pleased to diredl, 
that I should deliver to Mr. Fallowfield and Mr. Jones, 
their several Constitutions, appointing them to be second 
and third Bailiffs, and also to Mr. Christie his Constitu- 
tion, appointing him to supersede Mr. Henry Parker in 
the Commission for examining Accounts, &c. But as 
to the Place of first Bailiff, he thought it not advisable 
to invest him with that Authority immediately, without 
either of the Conditions performed on his Part: Where- 
fore he farther ordered, that Mr. Parker might very 
properly keep his Seat, as before, on the Bench, till the 
Pleasure of the Trustees was farther known. Pursuant 
to this, I gave to each of them the several Constitutions 
for the Uses before-mentioned: After which two new 
Bailiffs were sworn duly before the General; and then 
the Court sat, when they took their Places; Mess. Parker 
and Christie yet continuing in their former, till farther , 
Orders, in a full Court, without any Interruption or Dis- 
order; the Abettors of all Disturbance finding themselves 
sufficiently over-awed. A Grand Jury was called and 
sworn, and proper Matters laid before them to consider 
of ; and then the Court adjourned till to-morrow. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 433 

Tuesday. Several Presentments were delivered into nw. 
Court by the Grand Jury, and Indidlments for Misde- October 
meanours, &c. after which they were discharged: Then 
the Court proceeded to determine some little Matters; 
but there being some Actions of considerable Moment 
and Value commenced, carried on, and multiplied, by 
some persons in Trade, against each other, with the Ap- 
pearance of much Rancour; it was the Opinion of the 
Court to postpone those Trials a little, that some Means 
might be sought, if possible, to bring them into better 
Temper, and see if they would be persuaded to refer 
their Differences to Arbitration, especially as they con- 
sisted chiefly of Matters in Accounts: Wherefore the 
Court adjourned to Friday Morning. 

Wednesday. The General observing, that since the n. 
Land of the Common being cleared of Trees, Abun- 
dance of Shrub-Wood was daily growing up, which 
filled the Ground; and that the publick Squares, and 
most open Parts of the Town, were filled with an offen- 
sive Weed, near as high as a Man's Shoulders; both 
which were a great Annoyance, and besides hindering 
Grass from growing up, harboured and increased many 
troublesome Insedls and Vermin; and moreover if set 
on Fire when dry, might endanger the Burning of the 
Town: For these Reasons, he was pleased over Night to 
send out Orders, that upon Beat of Drum, this Morning, 
all Persons inhabiting the Town, whether Freeholders, or 
Inmates, and Boys of a competent Age, should appear 
at Sun-rising this Morning, and go to Work in clearing 
this great Nusance: Which accordingly they readily did; 
and all falling to Work heartily, before Night they had 
(some with one Instrument, and some with another) laid 
smooth some Hundreds of Acres: The General was 
pleased to be among them himself; and every Body, 
without Distinction, took Pains to do what he could; 
which gave his Excellence a double Pleasure, it being 
not only a Trial of the Peoples Disposition to obey, but 

2S e p— Tol 4 



434 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

hereby he saw plainly, under his own View, the Number n»^ 
of People within this Town; which (allowing some Boys o 55)>-' 
of good Stature and Strength, and reckoning Servants, 
and Inmates of all Sorts, living in Town) appeared to 
be very near two hundred Men, able, on Occasion, to bear 
Arms. He ordered a Cask of Bread, and another of Beer 
for them at Breakfast-Time in the Morning, and at leav- 
ing ofiE Work in the Evening, another such Refreshment; 
highly delighted to see how large a Tradl of Land they 
had cleansed: And as there remained another Day's 
Work, but much less than this of the Day, which would 
compleat the Whole; the General ordered that should 
be on the 5th of November; when at their finishing it, 
they were to be so again treated, and they might make 
a Bonfire of the Rubbish they had now under foot. 

Thursday. The Affair of settling the Militia of the u. 
Town under proper OfHcers, was one Business of this 
Day, which took up great Part of it, in the General's en- 
quiring after the Causes of many little Squabbles, which 
he found growing among the Tything-men, and the Con- 
stables 'also: As Things now stood with us, he was of 
Opinion, that instead of eighteen Tything-men, which 
we had, ten good ones would be sufficient, and two Con- 
stables only; Wherefore he made Choice of ten such 
Tything-men as he liked, and appointed Robert Potter 
Constable (in the Room of John Fallowfield, now made 
second Bailiff) to adl in Conjundlion with Samuel Mer- 
cer, the other Constable, formerly appointed. But he 

resolved to consider of these Things a little farther. 

Friday, I The publick Affairs now urgently w. 

Saturday. j calling the General Southward, these 20. 
two Days required close Attendance, from such as waited 
for his Orders and Diredlions in many Cases during his 
Absence: So that I had little to remark elsewhere. 

Sunday. The Divine Service was duly observed; and u. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 436 

the General, as before, failed not to give a good Exam- ny. 
pie in attending it. In the Evening, having observed oo-ober 
that in Times past Disputes had frequently arisen among 
the Constables and other Officers, concerning their sev- 
eral Commands in the Militia, which in the present Situ- / 
ation of Affairs might prove to be of very dangerous 
Consequence; and being of Opinion, that the best Way 
to prevent it, would be to lodge the principal Command 
in one Person, whose Orders all were to obey; he was 
pleased to entertain so good an Opinion of my Behav- 
iour, as to make Choice of me for that Purpose; and { 
accordingly delivered me his Commission, appointing /' 
me to train, instruct, exercise, and govern, the Militia of 1 
the Northern Part of the Province, for the special De- . 
fence and Safety of. the said Province: To assemble in 
martial Array, put in war-like Posture, the Inhabitants 
of the said Northern Division; and to lead and condudl 
them, and with them to encounter, expulse, repel, resist, 
and pursue, by Force of Arms; and to kill, slay, de* 
stroy, and conquer, by all fitting Ways, Enterprizes, and 
Means whatsoever, all and every such Person or Persons, 
as shall at any Time hereafter, in an hostile Manner, at- 
tempt, or enterprize the Destrudlion, Invasion, Detriment, 
or Annoyance of the said Province, &c. Which Com- 
mission (how unworthy soever I thought myself of it) 
it behoved me not to scruple the Acceptance of, lest an 
Imputation should follow, either of my setting little 
Value on the Honour conferred, or of such a Sort of 
Bashfulness, as at this Time would be very unseasonable, 
and might be construed something else, which I avoid 
naming: For which Reasons I threw aside my Marks of 
Reludlance, resolving in all Things, as far as I was capa. 
ble, to exert myself in promoting the publick Welfare. 

Monday, This Day the General purposed to have 
left us; but upon Intelligence received, that a Body of 
Indians, partly Chickasaws, and partly Euchies, had 
joined, to the Number of a hundred Men, and were com- 



4S6 COLONIAL RECORDS, 

ing down voluntarily, to attend, and serve against the ^ 
Spaniards, and would be here in a few Days; he thought o«g«f 
it worth his while to wait their Coming, knowing of what 
Use they might be, and therefore would take them with 
him. N. B, These Indians were no Part of those much 
greater Numbers he expe<5led from the populous Nations 
of the Creeks, and Cherokees, that he had sent for, and 
should expecft to march to him at St. Simon's diredlly. 

Tuesday. The Court having dispatched what Busi- a. 
ness they thought necessary to be done this Sessions, 
adjourned to the next orderly Time of their meeting 
again towards the latter End of November. The Gen- 
eral granted a farther Reprieve for Levett, upon his al- 
tering the Stile of his Petition, and owning that he was 
justly condemned by the Law, for being privy to the 
Uproar which happened on board, when the Murder was 
committed, and not revealing it; for which he begged 
Mercy, persisting still in saying he had no Hand in it, 
nor knew of his Death till he was over-board: And it 
was now expelled these repeated Reprieves would end 
in a Pardon at last. 

Wednesday. Finding a little Vacancy, from Business 34. 
growing less urgent than hitherto, with the General; I 
devoted this Day almost wholly to look into what my 
People were doing abroad, and what Produdl was to be 
seen off the Land that I had planted this Year, which 
now was pretty near got together: And what I before 
had observed, relating to the uncommon wet Summer we 
had, (vide Sept. 21.) appeared now too well verified; for 
all the low Lands had suffered extreamly; among which, 
those Lots happened which I occupied, and Abundance 
of the Corn was utterly spoiled, partly by the Stalks rot- 
ting ere it came to Maturity; and most of that which 
ripened, was infested with the Worm, that did great 
Damage; whilst the dry Lands threw out a plentiful 
Crop: Nevertheless, communibus annis, the Summer Heats 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 437 

here are such, that I would, in my own Judgment, al- ^itw^ 
ways prefer the low L^nds to the high; and though it October 
happened that they failed this Year, through such ex- 
cessive Wet, yet most undoubtedly they are less apt to 
do so than the other. The General having lately con- 
firmed the Grant of five hundred Acres, which he partly 
put me in Possession of on the 19th of April last, at 
the Mouth of Vernon River {utantea) it was now my De- 
sire, with all convenient Speed, to set some Hands at 
Work there, and make what Improvements I could, as 
the Season was proper; taking Care at the same Time, 
that those Lots I had been cultivating for two Years 
past, should be occupied; so that what Labour had been 
bestowed, should not be thrown away, till the right 
Owner came to possess it. 

Thursday. Ensign Cadogan arrived this Morning 25. 
from Carolina, whom I was very glad to enquire of, what 
came of the Packet which I delivered to his Care, to- 
gether with Captain Norbury, on the 17th of September 
last, which I had for some Time since been very uneasy 
about, not hearing a Word of any such Packet coming 
to the Hands of my Correspondent Mr. Hopton, who 
always had been very exadl and punctual, and to whom 
(as usual) I had wrote a Letter with it: Moreover.he had 
advised me of the Receipt of another Letter of mine, 
te Mr. Verelst, dated December 25th, and what §hip he 
had sent it by; but still not a Word of my former, dated 
the loth Ditto; till now that Mr. Cadogan brought me a 
Letter from him, informing me, that that former Packet 
was at last come to Hand, and just timely enough to 
send it away by a Ship bound for Topsham, which sailed 
the same Day (viz. the 21st Instant) Captain Ward in 
the Mary Brig. Mr. Cadogan in Excuse said, that both 
he and Captain Norbury were taken very ill at Port- 
Royal, which continued a long while upon them, before 
he was able to proceed to Charles-Town; and he was 
not willing to put it out of his own Hands to the Care 



438 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

of another: By which Means it may be expedled, that ™j 
my Letter of the 2Sth of September will find its Way octoiw 
some Time sooner than that of the loth. The reduc- 
ing the Number of Tything-men, which the General had 
several Times under Consideration, so as to leave a com- 
petent Strength for carrying on the Duties of that Office, 
and yet not to establish an Expence more than could be 
answered, since no Provision was made in the Estimate 
for that Service; he now settled that Affair to his Lik- 
ing, appointing only ten for it, viz. two for each of the 
old Wards, instead of four; and one for each of the new; 
and dividing the Town through Broughton-Street, from 
East to West; he appointed two Constables only, one 
over the Northern Division, consisting of three Wards; 
and the other over the Southern, consisting of the like 
Number; pursuant to which, he gave out the Tything- 
mens Warrants for me to deliver to them, and the Con- 
stables he delivered to them himself. 

Friday. An Express from the South, with Letters, 26. 
&c. to the General; which brought ill News from the 
Camp, that they were grown very sickly, and that they 
had not Officers sufficient to do the common Duty; but 
the Sickness did not prove mortal, being a Sort of Ague 
and Fever with regular Intermission, which pulled many 
down, both Officers and Soldiers, to a very weak State; 
such as is pretty common in these Parts, at certain Sea- 
sons, especially among fresh People from Europe, and is 
usually termed a Seasoning. On this Occasion the Gen- 
eral immediately sent off two or three Subalterns who 
attended him here, and began to grow impatient till he 
could go himself; but was very unwilling to leave the 
hundred Indians behind him, whom he looked earnestly 
for every Day, as noted on Monday last. In the Afternoon 
I convened all the Officers, Constables and Tythingmen, 
to whom I first read my own Commission, and afterwards 
theirs; from whence I took Occasion to exhort them 
all to lay aside all little Picques and Animosities among 



COLONIAL RECOED& 439 

themselves, and to unite heartily in promoting the pub- nw. 
lick Peace, and discouraging all Attempts to sow Discord October 
among them, especially at this Time, where it behoved 
us to be on our Guard against all Enemies, whether open 
or secret; the worst of the two, I assured them of my 
ready Disposition to consult with them, and advise, upon 
all Emergencies; and in Case of any dangerous Attempt 
upon our Safety, my Command should not expose them 
to such Service as I would decline myself: And withal 
openly told them, that I must (in Justice to the Commis- 
sion I had the Honour to bear) expedl due Obedience to be 
paid to such Orders, as at any Time I should issue, whether 
my Superiors or my own; and as I should be a vigilant Ob- 
server of their several Deportments, so they might be 
assured of my representing it without Partiality, to those 
whose Favour was well worth deserving. They expressed 
themselves well pleased with my being at their Head, 
and seemed to be truly of Opinion, that all Occasion of 
Disputes about Priority was now removed, much to their 
Satisfaction (as they said:) Mutual Assurances were 
given on all Sides, of an hearty Good-will towards one 
another; which I observed some of them were of Opin- 
ion would be best confirmed over a Bottle; wherefore 
taking the Hint, I willingly agreed to what they termed 
wetting my Commission; and took a cheerful Glass with 
them for an Hour or two in the Evening, to drink the 
King's Health, and the Royal Family, the honourable 
Trustees, Success to his Majesty's Arms, and General 
Oglethorpe at the Head of them in these Provinces, &c. 
every Body, when we parted, going home in good Or- 
der, and good Humor. 

The General now (Saturday) finding himself a little 27. 
more at Leisure than for a while past, diverted his Care 
about other Matters, to look into the State of the great 
Lots of five hundred Acres; and some Doubts having 
arisen about the Certainty of those Lands, whether run 
out true or not, by the late Surveyor Jones; the General 



440 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

went himself to see the first original Lines, as they had mk 
been marked out; from whence, if due Observance was October 

' 87. 

had, in running the traverse Lines, it must unavoidably 
prove the Truth of the Whole: And this was incumbent 
on the former Surveyor to demonstrate, that so the Per- 
son whom the General should see fit to appoint for the 
future ascertaining those Lands, to whom they belonged, 
might be well instructed by the present Plan how to pro-, 
ceed; which took up this whole Day, and was likely to 
be Work enough for another. During which Intermis- 
sion I had Matter sufficient to employ my Pen at home, 
and which I stuck closely to, to get forward w hat my 
Duty required, being unavoidably fallen very much in 
Arrear, and it would cost me some Pains to fetch up 
again. 

Sunday. The Divine Service was what called all Peo- 28. 
pie to the Performance of, and which it was to be wished 
every one was alike careful to observe, as the proper 
Business of the Day: And nothing of any Moment hap- 
pened to divert their Thoughts from it. 

Monday. The General, waiting only for his Indians . ». 
coming now, before he left us, was intent upon looking 
carefully into the Plat of Lands formerly run out, to 
prevent any Mistakes; and I was not less so in reducing 
my loose Papers into right Order, transcribing what was 
needful, &c. which required some Time. Mr. Bradley, 
after too long trifling, and seeking many Shifts and 
Evasions, not to quit the great House belonging to the 
Trust, which he had taken Possession of; finding himself 
driven to the Necessity of it, now moved his Goods to 
another in Town that was vacant, at a moderate Rent, 
intending it for his Habitation no longer (as he gave out) 
than till he had provided a Place to be in, upon the five 
hundred Acres allotted him; which he had a long while 
raised many Objedlions to, and shewed himself dissatis- 
fied about; but now those imaginary Obstacles being 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 441 

dissipated by the General, it would appear ere long, how vm^ 
far he was in earnest to cultivate that Farm. ocgber 

Tuesday. Mr. Norris taking Breakfast with me this ». 
Morning, began again to complain very heavily of the 
unkind Usage which he met with; and which for a pretty 
while past, he refrained from speaking of to me (probably 
from his observing that I shewed not an Over-readiness 
to listen to such disagreeable Controversy, as far as I 
could well avoid it) but now, he said, he could with-hold 
no longer, since it was God's Cause, and his Service was 
impugned; insomuch, that for Want of Candles, the 
Evening Prayers now ceased; as they must have done a 
long while since, had not he himself, at his own Expence, 
bought Candles where he could get them, but now he 
could find none in Town to be sold; and knowing Mr. 
Jones had some in the Stores, he sent thither to buy, 
with Money to pay, but was refused: From hence he 
took Occasion to expatiate largely on the Treatment he 
had met with, so different from any of his Predecessors* 
ever since his being here; particularly at the Stores, as 
he had divers Times before made known, and which he 
little expelled, from those Assurances he had, of kinder 
Regard being shewn him, before he left England: But 
as for the little malicious Stories spread of him, and the 
frequent Reproaches so basely whispered about, by a Set 
of Men, who (he believes) think the Lessening of his 
Character will conduce to aggrandize that of him who 
succeeds him; he prays God to forgive them, and they 
create him not the least Uneasiness: At the same Time 
he was so just to acknowledge the Readiness I had al- 
ways shewn him to do him any Service I could, and 
looked upon me as his true Friend. To all this I had 
little to say: The Want of Candles, and thereby the 
Want of Evening Prayers, I know was too true: But as 
Mr. Jones and I were (I hoped) in a mutual good Under- 
standing with each other, in all Things that our Duties 
required us to adl jointly together, I was not fond of 



442 COLONIAL RECORDS- 

entering into any Arguments with him, knowing his njs^ 
testy Temper: Wherefore I told Mr. Norris, that as the October 
General was now here, the best Way undoubtedly for 
him, would be to lay open any Grievances there, where 
it was likely to find a Remedy: But at the same Time, 
understanding the General had engaged him to go with 
him to Frcderica, where for Want of a Minister, the 
most necessary Parts of a Priest's Office were wanting, 
more especially Baptism and the Lord's Supper; I hoped 
with myself, that finding Things more agreeable to him 
where he was going, would make him forget what he 
took amiss here, from very few; for the Generality of 
the People shewed him the Respedl which his truly un- 
blamable Behaviour among us deserved: And it was 
probable, that Mr. Whitfield's coming soon hither (whom 
we now looked for) might prevent any future Cause of 
Complaint from him hence. After he left me, I betook 
myself to my own Work, the same as Yesterday. 

Wednesday. The General doing me the Favour of si. 
asking me to dine with him, was pleased afterwards to 
engage my Stay there the remaining Part of the Day; 
when, free from all other Company, most Part of the Time^ 
I had the Pleasure of a long Conversation with him, and 
of knowing his Sentiments in many Things, which might 
be of use to me in my future Condudl: Divers Matters 
he gave me a particular Charge in, which he seemed to 
think of great Consequence; and among others, he re- 
quired me not to fail laying before the honourable 
Trustees, a true State of the whole Affair relating to the 
late Change of Magistrates, and the Reasons why their 
Orders concerning Parker and Christie had not yet been 
entirely fulfilled: I told him, that I never missed noting 
in my Journal every Thing of Moment that came to my 
Knowledge, and there it would be found; but he said he 
did not think that sufficient, without a Letter; for Jour- 
nals might, or might not, be read; but Letters to be sure 
always were: And tho' he was more and more confirmed 



COLONIAL RECORDS, 443 

in Opinion, that what Orders he had given in that Affair wjL 
were needful, till the Pleasure of the Trustees could be ^Ji^-' 
farther known; yet it would be necessary, for his Hon- 
our's Defence, to have that Business laid open, as clear 
as possible: Which I promised to do as well as my Ca- 
pacity would allow; and then took my Leave. 

Thursday, ) Being seized with some sharp Pains in K»Temi). 

Friday. f my Breast, and divers other Parts, I was , 
bound to keep in, hoping by Warmth, and good Kitchen 
Physick, to get the better of it: As I did; for in twenty- 
four Hours it began to wear off, and plainly shewed me 
it was no more than a Cold; which might reasonably be 
expected from the sudden Change of Weather in very 
few Days past; in which short Time, the great Warmth 
we had, by Means of a Southerly Wind and clear Sky, 
was changed into a North- West Wind and thick Clouds, 
which made as great a Difference in the Temper of the 
Air, as is usually found in England between the Months 
of June and December: And these surprizing Alterations 
some Times happen at any Season of the Year. All that 
I could learn worth noting in these two Days was, that 
Captain Fennel, whom I gave some Account of, in my 
former Notes of the 30th of July and the ist and 3d of 
August, was now come in from Carolina to Cockspur, with 
a new Sloop of his own, carrying ten Guns and twenty 
Men, and bound for Jamaica; where he should also have 
another Sloop; and with those (being now disingaged 
from the South-Sea Company and Spanish Trade) he pur- 
posed to carry on a private Trade of his own, betwixt 
the West-Indies and the Northern Provinces, being well 
armed, and provided for Attack or Defence, as he should 
see needful. With him came Mr. George Saxby, and Mr. 
William Williamson, as Passengers from Charles-Town; 
the first on his Pleasure, more than any Business; and 
the other we supposed might come on Account of the 
Recordership of this Place, which he understood was his 
Appointment, and which now would soon be considered 



444 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

of by the General, &c. By whom they were all i^ 

courteously received. 



NoTomb. 
1. 
2. 



Saturday. Finding myself pretty well at Ease, I went 
abroad again and waited on the General, where I found 
the Strangers at Breakfast with him: And Captain Fen- 
nel being a sensible, genteel Man, beyond the common 
Level of some unpolished Tars; he seemed pleased with 
the Opportunity of such a Conference, with such an in- 
telligent Person, who could satisfy his Curiosity in divers 
Things which he thought fit to enquire into: Wherefore 
on their withdrawing, he engaged them both to dine 
with him, as he did afterwards Mr. Williamson also. 
Nothing could fall out more opportunely for me, than 
such a Conjundlure; for having a Bill sent me from the 
Trust, drawn by Mr. Hemmerton, for 200 /. Sterling on 
this same Gentleman (Mr. Saxby) for Value received of 
the Trustees, for his Majesty's Service; and Mr. Saxby 
being Deputy- Receiver of the King's Quit-Rents in Car- 
olina. I now presented the same to him, together with 
Mr. Hammerton's Letter of Advice; but was a little sur- 
prized at his telling me he could not accept it, for that he 
had not half so much of the King's Money in his Hands; 
which was all that passed betwixt us then: But in the 
Evening I thought it proper to take Mr. Jones with me 
to Jenkins's where those Gentlemen quartered; and 
there in a civil Manner, over a Glass of Wine, I again 
presented the Bill for Acceptance, before proper Wit- 
ness, acquainting him, upon his Refusal again, that I 
should be obliged to protest and return it; which he said 
he was sorry for, but could not help it. 

Sunday. Young Mr. Vernon, who had sailed under 
Captain Gascoigne in the Hawk (which was gone for 
England, as was also Captain Gascoigne in another Ship) 
having been some Time at Charles-Town, waiting in Ex- 
pe<ftation when his Uncle the Admiral would come to 
the West-Indies, now took the Opportunity cf a Passage 



4. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 445 

with Captain Fennel to Jamaica; and coming up to Town nro^ 
this Morning from Cockspur, first waited on the General, Novemb. 
and afterwards did me the Favour of a Visit; which I 
took very kindly, and wished any little Civilities I could 
shew him here, might be rated as a Respe<5l due from 
me to his Father. The Church Service was orderly ob- 
served, which the General was pleased to attend, as did 
also the two Strangers. In the Evening Mr. Saxby dis- 
covered a little uneasiness at my Intention of returning 
that Bill, knowing how great Cost must attend it; 
wherefore he said he should take it as a Favour, after 
my protesting it, if I should defer returning it a little 
while, till he got home to Charles-Town, from whence 
he would write me positively, whether he could pay it or 
not; for that he wished to do it if he could: Wherefore, 
presuming no Damage could ensue, by a short Delay, I 
agreed so to do. Soon after, I attended the General, to- 
gether with Mr. Jones, where we met Mr. Williamson; 
and the Affair of the Recordership was the Subject Mat- 
ter to be considered; which Mr. Williamson said he was 
ready to accept of, and was what brought him hither at 
this Time from Charles-Town: But in his Conversation 
and Discourse elsewhere, he discovered different Senti- 
ments; and talking with me of it in particular Yesterday, 
he said plainly it was a Thing of great Indifference to 
him, whether he had it or not; for that the Business 
which he was falling into at Charles-Town, was likely to 
be of much greater Value to him; and indeed the prin- 
cipal Motive which induced him to come now after it, 
was his knowing that his Uncle Taylor had obtained it 
from the Trustees, and now for him not to accept of it, 
would be giving Offence to his Uncle, to whom he had 
lately wrote to procure him either the Place of Judge of 
the Admiralty (if he could) void by the Death of Mr. 
Maurice Lewis; or that of Clerk of the Assembly, void 
by the Death of Mr. Amiens; either of which would be 
of abundant greater Value to him than this; but his Un- 
cle having procured him this, before he had heard from 



446 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

him about the other; he would not be thought to make i^. 
light of it: I then said it looked to me as if he meant to Noyemb. 
make this a Sort of Sinecure, which he might execute 
by a Deputy; but I presumed the Trust would not allow 
of any such Appointments, nor suffer their Favours to 
be undervalued: To which he told me in plain Words, 
that when he was once possessed of the Place, he would 
see who could hinder him, or to that Effect: And 
now in this Conference with the General, the chief Top- 
ick of the Whole seemed to favour much of the Re- 
strictions, which it was expected a Person occupying 
that Place must submit to; and to lay aside all Imagina- 
tion, that the same Power which created him such an 
Officer, could not in the same Manner take it away from 
him again at Pleasure, without Regard to quanuUu se bene 
gisserit : Then it was shewn to Mr. Williamson, what the 
Trustees had been pleased to diredt me, relating to the 
several new Constitutions lately sent; and therein par- 
ticularly, what I was to do in this present Affair now be- 
fore us, and what was required to be done by Mr. Chris- 
tie before a Successor could take Place; which Mr. Wil- 
liamson finding little Room to say any Thing to, he then 
asked me peremptorily, whether I would deliver him his 
Constitution or not; and upon my saying that I should 
do it as soon as Mr. Christie enabled me, by performing 
his Part, and not sooner, unless I had new Commands 
from my Superiors; he appeared not disappointed in the 
least; and so that Discourse end^d. 

Monday. Upon my seeing Mr. Williamson this Morn- e. 
ing, I asked him how he relished the Answer he pressed 
me (against my Inclination) to give him last Night; and 
he told me frankly, that had he been in my Place, he did 
not see how any other could be given; which he said he 
was very easy at, telling me, at the same Time, that he 
saw no Likelihood of the present Recorder's quitting 
that Place in haste; for he had sworn deeply to him, 
that he would never deliver up any Copy of his Records 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 447 

to me, nor to any one else, but the Trustees only; which itw. 
I only smiled at, and wished he had it in his Power to do Noyemb. 
that compleat, as it was expe<5led; but 1 feared it was 
not: At parting soon after, he told me, that he had wrote, 
and sent in to the General, a Letter, wherein he begged 
be would please to remember, that he had been to offer 
his Acceptance of the Recorder's Office, &c. intimating* 
to preserve his Uncle's good Opinion: But the General 
conceived something farther meant in it, and ordered 
his Secretary to take particular Care, anid keep it safe. 
And now the Time was come, when the General would 
not stay longer waiting for bis Indians, who must come 
after: For having received a Letter from Captain Warren 
(the oldest Sea Commander of all in these Northerly Sta- 
tions) that he was upon sailing to St Simon's, to confer 
with him for the better Protection of this Province; he 
left us about Three in the Afternoon, having spent six 
Weeks here in doing what he thought needful; and going 
o£E in the Scout-Boat, with three or four Indians that be 
had a special Value for, Mr. Norris, and his Secretary 
Mr. Moor, went in another Boat that attended, making 
the best of their Way South. The only Matter in Town 
that I bad to observe, was, that the Inhabitants at Beat 
of Drum early in the Morning assembled, and went on 
vigorously with the Work of clearing the Common of all 
that shrubby Matter which it was over-run with; and 
what they could not accomplish at their last Meeting 
(the 17th of 0<5lober) they put an End to now, under 
the Direction of the Town-Officers, &c. 

Tuesday. All now in Appearance husht and quiet. «, 
The General was gone, and every Body at Leisure to 
mind their own proper Business; which I made as good 
Use of as I could, that another Packet might be ready 
soon to send to the Trust. Mr. Williamson (I was in- 
formed) discovered what Disposition he was in plainly, 
by joining in close Council with the Committee, which 
continued to sit at Jenkins's (Dr. Tailfer in the Chair) to 



448 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

enquire into Grievances, iq order to get them redressed, ™^ 
by such Means as their Wisdom should devise: Thither Noyemb. 
resorted at all Times, as to an Oracle for Advice, every 
Malecontent, who believed himself more deserving than 
his Neighbours; and this knotty Point how to get over, 
of settling the Recordership and Magistracy, imme- 
diately to their better Liking, was now thought worth 
their Consideration; from whence I did not doubt I 
should soon hear somewhat more about it: And, as I ex- 
pedled, 

Wednesday, in the Morning, Mr. Williamson came 7. 
again, bringing Mr. Fallowfield with him as Witness (I 
understood it) of what passed betwixt us : And then Mr. 
Williamson again renewed his Demand of being put in 
Possession of the Place of Recorder, &c. To which I 
answered (as I had before done) that when Mr. Christie 
had fulfilled the Trustees Orders, of making out Copy 
of the Court Proceedings to this Time, I should be then 
ready to observe on my Part, their Orders likewise of 
delivering their Constitution to him (Mr. Williamson) 
and not sooner, without fresh Orders: He then told me, 
that Mr. Christie had informed him he was ready with 
his Copy of the Court Proceedings; but swore he would 
deliver them neither to me, nor to any one, except the 
Trustees themselves (the same he had so solemnly sworn 
before) with this Addition now, that I was an old Fool 
to expe<5l it: Such dirty Compliments gave me not the least 
Disturbance; but I then replied, that if he thought me not 
worthy the Sight of them, though upon this Occasion I 
apprehended, by the Office I had the Honour to execute 
under the Trust, I might insist upon seeing them; yet I 
was very ready to wave that Point, to facilitate the Af- 
fair as much as possible: But I hoped, and expe<Sled, 
that he would shew his Work to the Magistrates at least, 
who surely had a Right to it; and upon their certifying 
the Truth of it, I would be satisfied: But to speak plainly, 
he was grown a Man of so little Veracity, that whatever 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 449 

he said, found little Credit with almost any Body: And vm^ 
as I well knew, that the Books he had made out the last Noyemb. 
Year, and sent to the Trust then with my Packet, was 
the Work of Mr. Causton and him together at Ockstead, 
where they sat close about it some Weeks, Mr. Christie 
having then Notice from me, that it was expe<5led from 
him; and if he had not found that Help, it is most probable 
he had been nongluss'd: For these, and divers other 
good Reasons, I was fully persuaded to believe him as 
much and more at a Loss now, unless he had the Skill of 
coUedling Sybils Leaves. It so happened, that Mr. 
Jones, calling at my House, was present at this Confer- 
ence; which I was very glad of, to be as well prepared 
as the Complainer, with Evidence of what was said and 
done. After some little Wranglings, which I gave no 
great Heed to, they walked away; and Mr. Williamson, 
in few Hours more, took Boat to return to Charles-Town; 
but not till he had first paid his Respe<5l3 to Dr. Tailfer 
(as Care was taken to observe) at his own House, where 
no Doubt but he made Report of what he had been do- 
ing, in Pursuance of that Resolution which Yesterday 
brought forth: And their farther Operations we are next 
to wait for. 

Thursday. Ill News came to Town this Morningof Mr. s. 
Montaigut's Death, who sickened in a Fever of the worst 
kind, about eight Days since, at his Plantation up the River 
in Carolina, whereof he died Yesterday in the Evening. 
Mr. Christie not thinking it convenient (I suppose) to be 
observed going out, and coming in, so frequently to his 
Doxy Mrs. Turner, at her House here, thought it best to 
remove to his Hut on the Lot, about two Miles off: So 
he sent her with Bed and Bedding, &c. before, following 
her soon after. 

Friday. Little worth observing till the Afternoon, 9. 
when Mr. Montaigut's Corpse was brought down and de- 
cently buried, the French Minister of Purysburg per- 

29 r— V 4 



450 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

forming the Funeral Rites, in the Absence of Mr. Norris, i^ 
who was now gone to the South: Most of the^ principal NoTemb. 
Inhabitants (who were particularly invited) attended him 
to the Grave; and in Regard to the military Command, 
which he had in Carolina, thinking it a Respe<5l due, I 
ordered twelve Minute Cannon to be fired, during the 
Time of his Interment; to answer which Purpose, hav- 
ing not Powder sufficient in Store, Monsieur d'Beausain 
ordered some to be provided. It is to be hoped we shall ere 
long be furnished with what is necessary of that Kind* 
when Captain Thompson arrives from the South, where 
he yet continues; and without it indeed, we seem among 
some Folks to be a Subje<5l of Ridicule. N. B. This I 
wrote upon what Information the Gunner gave me: But 
Mr. Jones has since told me, that he got some Powder 
for that Use from Mr. Brownfield. 

Saturday. This Day I converted to my own peculiar lo. 
Use, and spent most Part of it at my little Plantations, 
forming to myself new Schemes of what I proposed 
next Year, which according to the Planters Way of 
reckoning, began about this Time. At my Return home, 
hearing accidentally of a Boat going South, I wrote to 
the General, acquainting him with what I apprehended he 
ought to be informed of from hence since he left us. Mr. 
Christie, I understood, had been exposing to publick 
Sale a few of his own old Goods of little Value; such as 
two or three ordinary Chairs and Stools, a Table, one 
Pewter Dish, a few common Dutch printed Pictures col- 
oured upon Paper, and the like; by which it was intended 
to be understood, that he purposed soon to leave the 
Colony; but most People were of a different Opinion, and 
took it rather to be an Experiment made by his trusty Ad- 
visers, to see whether or not we would suffer so valu- 
able a Man to quit the Place, through the ill Treatment 
he found, in not meeting with the Promotion intended 
for him, so readily as he expe<Sled. As to myself, I 
gave little Heed to it, having, to the best of my Under- 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 461 

standing, and not without proper Advice, a<5led in that n»^ 
Affair, as I have now done; neither could I readily be- ^^^^Sf^^- 
lieve his real Design to be leaving the Colony, from 
what was said; having ever since I knew the Place, been 
frequently giving it out, that he was determined to go 
soon for England, for that he found not Encouragement 
to continue in that Office; though it is well known, that 
he only took Fees in many Cases, when the other Magis- 
trates never pretended to make any Demand; and I myself 
have heard him in the Height of his Vanity boast, that 
he made a hundred Pounds a Year of it. 

Sunday. In the Absence of Mr. Norris, Mr. Haber- ii. 
sham read the Prayers of the Church. 

Monday. Early this Morning arrived an Indian trad- 12. 
ing Boat, bound for Charles-Town, by which came John 
Rea (a Freeholder here) from Fort Augusta, with divers 
Letters for the General, importing (among other Things) 
that the Chicasaw Indians, our good Friends, whom the 
French had attempted several Times to destroy, had 
lately, by a small Party in Ambuscade, attacked a large 
French Boat, in her Way on the Messasippi to Moville, 
from the Mouth of that River, laden with many very 
valuable Goods, and Letters to the French Governor at 
that Place: That they had killed several of them, and 
taken some Prisoners; then plundered the Boat of what 
they thought most valuable, namely, fine Woollen, Linen, 
Plate and Ammunition, which by them is most prized; 
and (what we apprehend to be of more Value to us) a 
Packet of Letters for that Governor, which they sent as 
a Present to our General, whereby probably some Dis- 
covery might be made of the French Designs; and after 
taking with them what they could carry off, they sunk 
the Boat with the Remainder. Which Packet and Let- 
ters to be sure we lost no Time in sending forward to 
the General. 



452 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Tuesday. The Season now requiring every one to be i7» 
busy on his Lands, who had any Design of improving NoTem*. 
them; and my chief View the ensuing Year, being to- 
wards my five hundred Acres (as before noted 0<5lober 
24.) I employed what Hands I could possibly, to set 
about that Work; and it being a considerable Distance 
from Town, which would not admit of my Eyes being 
over them frequently, I chose, on that Occasion, to allow 
myself the whole Day. At my Return in the Evening, 
Mr. Jones informed me, that the Report of Mr. Christie's 
Intention to quit the Colony, began to find a little more 
Credit than hitherto; and some People were inclined to 
believe it; as also that he would take his Beloved with 

him. A little Time probably might bring to Light 

what his Purposes were. He farther told me, that Mr. 
Bradley having applied for a Permit to go in a Boat for 
Carolina (as no Boat, now for some Time past, was al- 
lowed by the Guard to put off hence, without such Leave 
under one of the Magistrates Hands) which was denied 
him upon divers Applications from Persons he was in- 
debted to, or had Disputes with; who apprehended that 
he designed never to return: He privately took Horse, 
and rode up the River, with Design to pass it at the first 
convenient Place he could come at, leaving Part of his 
Family at the House he had lately taken in Town, when 
he went out of that great one belonging to the Trust. 
His real Intention also, as well as the other's, will require 
a little more Time to unfold. 

Wednesday. Upon Enquiry after what became of the 14. 
Effedls of Wise, Clarke, and others, after their Decease; 
in Pursuance of the Orders I received from the Trust; I 
learnt, that there had formerly been some Care taken in 
it by the Court, who had dire<Sled the Jury to make In- 
quisition striiSlly into that Affair; and they found, that 
there was publick Sale made of Wise's Goods, an Ac- 
count whereof was returned to the Recorder Mr. Chris- 
ie: Since which Time I could not find that any farther 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 453 

Notice was taken of it; nor could I get any Information, m9^ 
whether the Money arising by that Sale, or any Part of Novemb. 
it, was paid to Mr. Christie, or any other: Wherefore I 
applied to the Magistrates, and told them, that there was 
a Box in Mr. Christie's Custody with two Locks upon it, 
whereof he kept one Key, and one of the Magistrates 
another; it would be very needful for them all together 
to look into that Box, and see what Papers were in it 
that might be of Value, &c. and they appointed so to do 
to-morrow; and in the mean while to give Notice to Mr. 
Christie to be there with them. In the Evening Ensign 
Maxwell, and Quarter-Master Wansell arrived from St. 
Simon's; by whom I received a Letter from the General 
of the nth Instant, relating to Mr. Douglass's having 
Leave to sell his great House which he had built here: 
The former in his Way to Frederica Fort at Port-Royal, 
from whence he was to detach ten Men to go with him 
to the South; and the other came to look into the Goods 
and Stores that had been lodged in this Town by Colonel 
Cockran at his first Coming, and lay here ever since: 
But now the General had ordered them all to be taken 
hence, and carried to the South. 

Thursday. The Magistrates met, and together with w- 
Mr. Christie opened the Box, wherein were found divers 
Papers, giving an Account of the Effe<5ls of several Per- 
sons deceased; and among others, those of William Wise, 
which had been most of them sold, as beforementioned; 
and the Particulars charged to sundry People; whereof a 
Return had been made to Mr. Christie by the Jury that 
was diredled to make Enquiry into it; and the Sum 
amounted to 20/. and odd; but how to come at the 
Knowledge of what had been paid, and to whom, was 
not to be easily discovered; Mr. Christie pleading Igno- 
rance of it; and denying that he had ever received any 
Money on that Account: Wherefore that Nut was a little . 
too hard for us to crack yet, and required our farther 
Endeavour to come at what we wanted. After so wet a 



454 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Summer, the Air was so thin and purified, that our Win- nii^ 
ter beg^n earlier than common, with sharp Frosts for Noremb. 
some Days past; which made it very deh'ghtful, and 
probably would conduce much to the Health of the Peo- 
ple: But it behoved such as were nursing up Vines, and 
Oranges, &c. to take good Care of those especially which 
were young and tender: And it was now Evident from 
Experience, that all such Kinds of Plants thrived the 
better, the nearer they grew to the Sea, where the Frost 
is less severe. 

Friday. This Day passed over without any Thing ic. 
notable: But late in the Evening we received the ill 
News of the Death of Captain John Cuthbert, by the 
Arrival of Scroggs from Carolina. The State of War 
which we were now in, occasioned the General to revive 
the Company of Rangers, which Captain McPherson be- 
fore had the Command of, till broke: And now they 
were to consist of thirty Men, well horsed, and armed, 
whom this Gentleman was to command; and he was 
lately sent into Carolina, together with his Lieutenant 
Scroggs, by the General's Order, to buy Horses, &c. be- 
ing furnished with Money for that Purpose; but he un- 
happily sickened and died in that Country: Whereupon 
Mr. Scroggs, after securing his Papers, Money and Ef- 
fedls, and seeing him buried, now returned; and the 
News of his Death occasioned Grief to many People, 
being a good-natured, sprightly Man, generally beloved; 
and it was believed by all, that he would have acquitted 
himself well in that Post. He had made considerable 
Improvements upon his five hundred Acres up the River 
Savannah, and was judged to have one of the best Plan- 
tations yet in the Colony: He died unmarried, leaving a 
Sister (who took Care of his House) dangerously ill here, 
insomuch that her Death was feared, when we little ex- 
pedled to hear of his; and whether she will survive him 
long or not. none can tell. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 455 

Saturday. All that I found material to be observed, ijw^ 
was, that some of our wise Reformers (who would in all NoTemb. 
Things be meddling) thought it worth their peculiar 
Care, to be providing such an Administrator, to the Ef- 
fedls of our deceased Friend, as they judged fit for that 
Purpose, and in the same Manner as was attempted when 
Mr. Dyson died {vide Sept. 17 and 18.) all was to be 
done in a Hurry: But it happened, that every Body did 
not agree with them in that Opinion; for which Reason 
it was thought proper to defer the farther Consideration 
of it to another Day. 

Sunday. Mr. Habersham read the Service of the 1*. 
Day, and a Sermon after it, setting forth the Operation 
of the Spirit upon a new Birth, &c. (out of which Au- 
thor I know not) which was a Subjedl some of the Au- 
dience were pretty well tired with heretofore. 

Monday. The Affair of an Administrator was renewed 
by such as began it the other Day; and Mr. Jones being 
applied to on that Occasion, he sent to Mr. Parker and 
me to be present at the Time it was debated: When in 
Answer to what was urged in Behalf of the Creditors 
(of whom Dr. Tailfer and Mr. Jenkins alledged they 
were the chief, one a Vidlualler, and the* other a Dis- 
penser of Physick) they were told, that the Trust also 
were Creditors, and must be looked on as such; but it 
appeared very strange to us, that they should offer at it, 
when they knew the Deceased had a Sister yet living, 
who undoubtedly claimed a Priority; and if she should 
fail, possibly some other near Relation might be found, 
who had a Right of Preference to either of them; more- 
over, that it was the universal Pradlice of the Civil Law 
Courts, to allow a certain limited Time in such Cases, 
for any Person concerned to offer a Claim, if they had 
any to make in their own Behalf, or to enter a Caveat 
against any other. For the Satisfadlion of all then pres- 
ent, it was thought not amiss, that a List and short In- 



466 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

ventory should be taken of the ready Money, Notes, ^ 
Bills, or the like found upon him at the Time of his De- Novemb. 
cease, and now in Custody of Mr. Scroggs: Which ap- 
pearing to be no inconsiderable Sum, and being well 
known to be Part of what the General had advanced for 
the Purposes aforesaid; it was thought proper to commit 
it to the Care of Mr. Scroggs again, to carry to the Gen- 
eral where he was to go: And in the Evening! wrote 
what I thought needful to the General; as Mr. Jones also 
did, to be ready for the same Bearer, who was to set off 
in the Morning. 

Tuesday. Mr. Scroggs went off early for St. Simon's. 20. 
In the Afternoon arrived Lieutenant Dunbar, and Cap- 
tain Aeneas 'Mackintosh, whom the General had sent to 
Fort Augusta, to enquire after some Chicassaw Indians, 
that lived in that Neighbourhood remote from their own 
Nation, in a vagrant Manner; but were looked on by all 
as a daring, bold People: And some of these the Gen- 
eral had expe<Sled before he went hence. These Gentle- 
men now told us they were coming, and we might expe<5l 
them to-morrow or next Day; that they were but few 
(under thirty) but were pickt Men, all Warriors, led by 
experienced Chiefs, and might be esteemed more than 
equal to a hundred common Men. 

Wednesday. Nothing occurred to my Knowledge «i. 
this whole Day, that I thought deserved any Notice here. 

Thursday. What happened most remarkable this 21 
Day, was the Receipt of a Packet from the General, 
brought me by Mr. Upton, who came from Frederica last 
Sunday: Enclosed in it I found a small Packet directed 
to the Trust from his Excellence, together with one to 
Lieutenant Governor Bull; one to Mr. Pinkney, Speaker 
of the Assembly; one to Captain Warren, commanding 
his Majesty's Ships at Charles-Town; and one to Colonel 
Palmer, at his Plantation in Carolina: All which I was 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 457 

to send forward by the first Opportunity. The Letter ^J^ 
to Colonel Palmer, I guess, might be in Return to an No^mb. 
handsome Offer which I heard the Colonel had made to . 
his Excellence; that in Case he had any Design upon 
Augustin, he (the Colonel) would attend him with an 
hundred and fifty good Men, and himself at the Head of 
them, under the General's Command, on that Enterprize. 
Such a seasonable Complement (if pun<5lually performed) 
might be a good Example to others in that Province to 
do the like: But from the Behaviour of too many of 
them towards this Colony, I doubt we have little Reason 
to expe<Sl much Assistance from them; though it is evi- 
dent, that whatever good Success may attend our Gen- 
eral's Toil in Arms, they will be sure to find the Benefit 
of it in Carolina. The first Blood spilt, that we heard 
of in these JParts, since the War broke out, unhappily 
fell to our Lot: The General acquainting me, in a Letter 
he was pleased to write me by this Packet, that the 
Enemy had attacked and murdered two Highland Men 
in Amelia; and from Mr. Upton I gather some particular 
Circumstances thereto relating: But first it is to be un- 
derstood in what Posture we were there, when this hap- 
pened. Amelia Island is the fartherest Look-out we 
have against the Spaniards, where a Scout-Boat was sta- 
tioned with sixteen Men belonging to her, who were to 
relieve one another as the Service might require; they 
who staid ashore employing themselves in cultivating 
Land, whilst the rest were upon Duty: To these the 
General added a Serjeant's Guard of twelve Men; and 
as some of each Sort had Wives and Children, they 
might be computed as near forty in all; who were forti- 
fied with a Palisade. &c. and two or three small Pieces 
of Cannon, to command any Boat passing that Way. It 
happened (as I am told) that three of the Scout-Men, 
straggling unwarily into the Woods, were attacked in the 
Manner aforesaid, when two of them were thus slain; 
and the third being missing, it is believed he is carried 
off Prisoner: One of those killed being scalped, and the 



458 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

other's Head taken off, it is not doubted but the Authors JTw^ 
of it were Spanish Indians, who landed unseen at the ^**^^ 
Back of the Island, and stole their Way thus privately 
to do it. At the Hearing of ten or eleven Guns fired 
(which discovered them to be at least that Number) our 
People were alarmed, and made all the Haste they could 
to come up with them; but they fled in such Haste, that 
they got off unseen, before we could intercept them. 
The General, on the first Hearing of it, got what Boats 
he could find, and went in Pursuit, with about fifty Men, 
hoping some where or other to repay them: And it is 
supposed he went for the River St. John's, where there 
is a Spanish Settlement: But as this is known to himself 
alone, it is only guessing his Designs at Random. 

Friday. As the greatest Danger we imagine our- 21 
selves exposed to in this Colony, may be from such In- 
dians as are in the Spanish Interest; whom it is pretty 
hard to distinguish from our Friends, in Case they strag- 
gle far Northward; though our neighbouring Indians 
know them well: The General's Orders to me in Yester- 
day's Packet, were to give out in Orders here, that no 
Person should presume to go into the Woods in these 
Parts without arms, at their own Peril; which I took 
Care to publish accordingly. 

Saturday. The Indians (partly Chicassaws, and partly 2l 
Euchies) who Messieurs Mackintosh and Dunbar told us, 
were coming to us on Tuesday last, arrived here this 
Day; and we received them with all Demonstration of 
Friendship: They appeared highly pleased to hear of 
Adlion began by the Spaniards, and seemed to thirst for 
some of their Blood in Requital. 

Sunday. The Prayers of the Church continued to be 5. 
read by Mr. Habersham. It was with great Uneasiness 
I waited to send off the General's Packet to the Trust, 
with other Letters, which have been ever since Thursday 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 469 

last in my Custody; and not doubting but they were of nw^ 
the greatest Importance, I feared the Blame would fall Novemb. 
on me for such a Delay; for which Reason I had several 
Times applied to Mr. Jones (who had all Boats and Serv- 
ants at his Command here) to assist me in sending away 
that Packet; but he still put me off, in telling me there 
was no Boat or Hands to spare; for that they were all 
employed in the Service, some one Way, and some an- 
other: But had the General sent his Packet to him, I 
well knew he would have shewn his Diligence, and lost 
no Time in it; though he was in no Care what Reflexions 
might fall 6n me. 

Monday. Mr. Bradley having absented himself ever ae. 
since the 13th, when he went off in the Manner then set 
forth; and having a little before bought a small Skooner, 
under Pretence of trading with it to the Northward; but 
since his Departure, it being observed, that divers of his 
best household Goods were privately put on board by his 
Son, from the House he was removed to, near the Water- 
side; his Creditors grew alarmed at it; and two of them 
having before got Judgment for their Debts, now made 
haste to take out Execution (which hitherto they had de- 
layed) and stopt the Vessel from proceeding, intending 
to make Sale of Effedls sufficient to pay what was owing 
to them. No Token yet appeared how, or when, I 
might discharge my Duty, in sending off the General's 
Packet to the Trust, with other of his Letters; which 
threw me into the utmost Impatience, and I could not 
forbear remonstrating it to Mr. Jones in such a Manner, 
that he must perceive I was determined to acquit myself 
of whatever ill Consequence might attend it. 

Tuesday. Mr. Jones, with Mr. Upton, acquainted me, 27. 
that a Boat would be provided this Evening, wherein Mr. 
Upton was going to Charles-Town; and if I thought 
proper, it would be a good Convenience for me to send 
what I had in my Care: I thought so too, since I could 



460 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

come at none sooner, and resolved so to do: But as Mr. ^J^ 
Upton tdld me, when he brought me that Packet last NoTemb. 
Thursday, that he designed soon to go to Charles-Town 
on Business of his own; I could not avoid surmising, 
that either this Delay was contrived to accommodate 
Mr. Upton when he was ready; or else that Mr. Jones 
had Letters to write by him which were not sooner per- 
fedled: Whereas I had not allowed myself to write more 
than a few Lines to Mr. Verelst, darted the 25th; every 
Day and Hour expedling to be called on in haste, for 
what I had ready at a Moment's Notice; and now deliv- 
ering into Mr. Upton's Hands immediately the General's 
Packet, together with one from myself; writing to my 
Correspondent Mr. Hopton, at the same Time, to take 
special Care (as indeed he had always done) to forward 
them by the first Ship for England. 

Wednesday. Mr. Upton went off for Charles-Town «. 
very early in the Morning; and in an Hour or two after, 
the Indians under the Condudl of Lieutenant Dunbar, 
accompanied by the Quarter-Master Wansel, after re- 
freshing themselves here a few Days, made the best of 
their Way to the General in the South. The late Ac- 
counts we had from Charles-Town acquainted us, that 
that Place was growing pretty healthy again; but the 
Numbers swept away by Death in some Months past, 
during that grievous Sickness, occasioned a melancholy 
Appearance of the Inhabitants, who were much thinned; 
and that it was hardly known, when so few Ships were 
there, as at present; but that probably might be owing 
to the present State of War we are in, it being supposed 
that few English Ships would put to Sea, but as they 
found Opportunity of Convoy, the first Part of their 
Voyage. 

Thursday. The Court now sat again, according to ». 
the ordinary Course; when a Grand Jury was sworn; 
and leaving them to present what was properly cognizable 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 461 

when the Court met again, they adjourned till to-morrow. ^^ 
More ill News of People wrecked and lost at Sea, came No^mb. 
to Town by a Boat which arrived this Day from Charles- 
Town; who reported, that in his Way hither, he saw the 
Wreck of a Boat upon a small Island, with her Stern 
beat out, but her Mast and Sail standing, the People that 
were in her being supposed to be drowned; for that it 
appeared she had struck on the North-Breakers off St. 
Helena Sound, in attempting to go without all: From 
whence it was feared it could be no other than a Boat of 
Mr. Upton's, vhich was laden at Charles-Town by his 
Order, and which he had impatiently expedlcd here for 
some Time, wondering why she staid so long; and it was 
most likely, that good Part of the Business which he 
went hence about Yesterday Morning, was to enquire 
about her: And in few Hours after this, we were more 
confirmed in the Belief that this Report was true: For 
as it was known the Cargo was of considerable Value, 
being partly Butter, Soap, Candles, &c. for his own re- 
tailing (which were all much wanted in this Town) and 
partly several Coils of Rope and Cordage, belonging to the 
General, for rigging small Vessels in the South, together 
with some Casks of Pitch and Tar, and a Parcel of Saddles 
for equipping the Troop of Rangers; we had it now cer- 
tified to us, that what Goods remained yet in the Wreck, 
were some Casks of Butter, and some of the Coils of 
Rope; being such as were not liable so immediately to 
be lost, as the other Part of the Loading; and the Owner 
of the Island was taking an honest Care, to save what 
could be saved; but the Persons in her. nobody doubted 
their being lost; which were four Hands, whereof An- 
drew Barber, as Patroon, had the Diredlion, who was 
looked upon as a pretty good Pilot within Land; and I 
fear his attempting to go without, at this Time of the 
Year with a Boat loaden, hardly can he justified. 

Friday. There remained now no farther Question of so. 
the Truth of Yesterday's News, which came confirmed 



462 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

from all Hands, and withal, that two of those Men lost itsq. 
were said to be Soldiers belonging to Captain Norbury's Noyemb. 
Company at Port- Royal; which we wished might not 
prove as true as the rest. The Court sat again; but the 
Recorder being taken so ill, that he said he could not 
avoid going home, they broke up, after doing little Busi- 
ness, and adjourned till to-morrow. This being St. An- 
drew's Day, which the Scotch never fail to celebrate an- 
nually, and look on it as a friendly Adl in such as join 
them; I went in the Evening to shew the Regard I had 
for their Society; as Mr., Jones also did, and several 
others; when we passed it away inoffensively, with Chear- 
fulness, without entering into any political Arguments, 
which could not well take Place at this Time; the usual 
Committee at Jenkins's well knowing, that divers of 
their own Countrymen were possessed of Sentiments 
very different from theirs; as also were several others 
then present. 

Saturday. Once again the Court sat to little Purpose; Deoemb. 
for the Recorder did not appear, by Reason of his Indispo- 
sition, who had the most material Papers relating to 
what was to come before them at this Court: Wherefore 
the Grand Jury was discharged, after delivering into 
Court what Presentments they had to offer; and then the 
Court adjourned farther to Monday the loth Instant, in 
Expectation they might by that Time find all Things 
ready to proceed on. The Magistrates, as well as Mr. 
Bradley's Creditors, having Reason, from good Informa- 
tion, to believe that he was actually buying some Sows, 
and other Stock in Carolina, with Design to return hither; 
that no Discouragement might be given him in it, they 
took off the Attachment that was on the Skooner, allow- 
ing her to proceed, and his Son in her, to his Assistance; 
taking Care at the same Time, that no ill Use was made 
of this Indulgence, by carrying off hence any of his 
best Goods and Effedls. (Vide Nov. 26.) 



COLONIAL RECORDS, 463 

Sunday. Mr. Habersham read the Prayers of the vm^ 
Church, as he used to do, during Mr. Norris's Ab- i>eoemb. 
sence in the South. 

Monday. Mrs. Matthews calling here on her Way «. 
to the General at St. Simon's, and seeing Mr. Jones, he 
had the Opportunity of writing Letters hither; which I 
missed, for want of timely Notice: However, Mr. Eyre 
coming to Town soon after, in Company with Mr. 
Holmes, an Indian Trader from the Cherokee Nation, 
whither he was sent so long since by the General, as the 
29th of September last (see the Notes of that Day) and 
was now on his Return to the General; I could make 
good that Defedl. He was so kind to call upon me im- 
mediately on his Arrival, when I delivered him the 
Packet that was committed to my Care, which came with 
the other Letters by Captain Thompson, and which I re- 
ceived about a Week after Mr. Eyre was gone, from his 
Kinsman, one of the honourable Trustees; and it was 
Matter of great Joy to him, as therefore it was a Pleas- 
ure to me: For he was esteemed by every Body as a good- 
natured Gentleman, very adlive in his Duty, and wanted 
not Resolution and Spirit sufficient to carry him through 
all Parts of it with Bravery. He had not the good For- 
tune to meet with that Success immediately which he 
expedled, in Execution of the Commission he carried; 
which was occa3ioned partly through the great Mortality 
among them, which had swept away great Numbers of 
their best Men; whereof the Cause was set forth in some 
Affidavits I sent by the General's Order in my Letter of 
the 25th of September to Mr. Verelst, as it is also noted 
in my Journal of that Date; and their chief Warriors 
now happened to be all abroad upon their Hunt, which 
is carefully and duly observed by all Indians, and gen- 
erally holds two or three Months at a Time, when per- 
haps they wander on that Employment some Hundreds 
of Miles: But Mr. Eyre had now with him one of their 
principal Leaders, who would attend the General with 



464 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

him, and give his Excellence Assurances of a great Body ^™^ 
of chosen Men, that would certainly join him early in i>«jm^ 
the Spring: But as for the common Run, Mr. Eyre 
wisely chose to meddle with none of them: For such as 
stay at home, on these appointed Seasons of being abroad, 
are looked on by their own People, as good for nothing; 
and he rightly judged, that the General wanted none 
such as must be fed and cloathed, without any good 
Service to be expe<5led from them. 

Tuesday. This Day I laid hold of, to make another *- 
Visit to my People, and provide for their intended Move- 
ment to my other Plantation near Vernon River. At my 
Return my Ears were presently filled with the Talk which 
almost every Body had at their Tongue End, of Mr. 
Scroggs's being defrauded of a great Sum of Money, 
which it was supposed was done by picking his Pocket 
of a Letter-Case, wherein were Notes to the Value of 
about 70 /. Sterling, and was Part of that Money which 
the General had advanced to Captain Cuthbert, to buy 
Horses, Mr. Scroggs having >yaited in the General, from 
whom he was newly returned with this Sum for the Pur- ' 
pose aforesaid (z/^^ 16 and 20 of November;) but now 
in all Appearance was thus cheated: Which occasioned 
various Conjedlures, but all at Random: It was certain 
that the Letter-Case, with the Notes in it, was seen in 
his Hands, in an honest Man's House in Town; where 
he was also seen to put it up again, about an Hour or 
less before it was lost: The next Question then was, what 
Company he had been in since; and it did not appear 
that he had sat down any where, nor could he remember 
that he had associated himself with any one, only as he 
might accidentally, in common with others; three Persons 
he particularly remembered he had talked with, in that 
casual Way: But as they were all well known in Town, 
and lay under no suspicious Chara<5ler, there could be no 
Accusation against them : Mr. Jones (who had good Ex- 
perience in detecting Roguery) told me he had made use 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 465 

of the best Skill he had, in his Enquiry; but it was past ^im 
his finding out yet: And so it remained till some lucky i>ecemix 
Accident or other possibly might give us more Light an- 
other Time, 

Wednesday. What I had several Times before heard & 
as a flying Report only. I had such farther Information 
of, that I now took it for Truth, viz. that Messieurs Ster- 
ling, Baylie, Grant and Douglass, seeing no Hopes left 
of obtaining Negroes, or Prospedl of settling in Georgia 
to their own Liking, were determined, and preparing, to 
try their Fortune on the Banks of the River Savannah, 
in Carolina, about fifty or sixty Miles by Water short 
of New-Windsor. This by some few, very few, was 
looked on and talked of as a considerable Loss to the 
Colony; but People of more Discernment could not 
think so; for what Loss can it be to any Place, if such 
leave it, who will put their helping Hands to no Good 
in it? Which these Persons have evidently shewn they 
had no Intention of: The Committee at Jenkins's will 
indeed hereby lose so many trusty Members, who never 
failed constant Attendance; and I conceive the total 
Dissolution of that mutinous Assembly is approaching, 
Discord of late being crept in among them, and some of 
them now thinking themselves pretty good Adepts in 
the political Way, sometimes differ in their Sentiments, 
about what they have been so long forming Schemes in 
vain for, and refuse paying implicit Obedience to the 
Didlator any longer; who, if Fame is to be credited, or 
he himself believed, is also threatening to leave us to 
ourselves, and remove to some Island or another in the 

West-Indies. May Georgia suffer no greater 

Loss, and all will be well. 

Thursday. Messieurs Eyre and Holmes, lately ar- g, 
rived from the Cherokee Nation, preparing to set off for 
the South this Day, and attend the General there; I 
wrote by them to his Excellency, inclosing divers Let- 
so cr—T 4 



466 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

ters and Papers that came to my Hands, designed to be ^^^ 
sent him. I had no sooner finished what I had to do, »«jem»>. 
and delivered it to Mr. Eyre just taking Boat, when a 
Packet was brought me from the Trust, forwarded by 
the Attorney-General at Charles-Town; who sent me a 
Letter with it, dated November 5. wherein he wrote me, 
that he had just then received it by Captain Nicholson, 
newly arrived in the Minerva from London, who had a 
tedious Passage of twelve Weeks: And the Passage 
which this Packet had from Charles-Town, was much 
after the same Rate; the Fellow who had the Charge of 
it, though a Freeholder here, loitering at Port-Royal by 
the Way, on Business of his own; so that it was a full 
Month in coming from Charles-Town. I luckily stopped 
the Gentlemen a few Minutes, and the Tide pressing 
them away, I had just Time to deliver to them for the 
General, what I received for him from England, together 
with other Letters that came with it from Charles-Town; 
but had no Time to write him any more than that I had 
before done. Afterwards I had Leisure to peruse Mr. 
Verelst Letter to me, dated the lOth of August; which 
was so near after the Date of the former per Capt. 
Thompson, that the Purport of it chiefly was, to inform 
me of the Substance of the Act, which the honourable 
Trustees had prepared for his Majesty's Approval, and 
which, when printed, would be sent hither. 

Friday. Ensign Maxwell having finished what he had 7. 
to do in Carolina by Order, returned with the ten Sol- 
diers detached from the Garison at Port-Royal: And in 
the Evening Mr. Upton also came back from Charles- 
Town: who found all that had been reported here, too 
true, concerning the Loss of his Boat and Cargo; but 
was of Opinion there was Roguery in it, and that the 
Men were not drowned, but run away, after plundering 
the Boat of what was most valuable and portable; which 
they might do easily, he said, and go to some remote 
Place on the Coast, by the Help of a Canoe they had 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 46 ^ 

with them: And what induced him the more to suspedl ^i?^ 
it was, that some Trunks, which had the most valuable i>ecenib. 
Things in them, were found broke open, and stript. The ^ 

Truth of which might in Time be discovered. He brought 
me a Letter from Mr. Hopton, informing, that he had re- 
ceived the Packets which I committed to Mr. Upton's 
Care the 27th ult and that they came in very good Time 
to go for England, in the Ship Endeavour, Captain Al- 
exander Hope, who was just upon sailing, and to whose 
Care he had committed it. 

Saturday. Ensign Maxwell proceeded South, to- s. 
gether with his Detachment of Soldiers. News came in 
the Evening of another sad Accident, that happened to 
a poor Man, who was at Work (among others) for Mr. 
Habersham, by his Appointment, on a Tract of upwards 
of five hundred Acres of Land, which was newly run out 
by the General's Order, next adjoining to mine near 
Vernon River; and in the falling of a Tree, the Man was 
killed by a small Branch of it. The Intent of this Land 
being run out, was, that it might be ready for Mr. Whit- 
field's converting to a proper Use whenever he came; 
and whatever Use that shall be. this that Mr. Habersham 
pursues is preparatory to it. Nothing more worth noting; 
but sufficient for this Day, may be said, was the Evil 
thereof. 

Sunday. Mr. Habersham continued, as he had done, 9. 
to read the Prayers of the Church, and a Sermon. 

Monday. Captain Davis having now got his Snow jo 
ready for sailing, after a pretty deal of Time spent in 
equipping her for the Design of privateering; she fell 
down to Tybee in order for a Cruize; but not being yet 
sufficiently manned, he would wait there for more Hands, 
which he expected: She was a neat-built Vessel, sailed 
well, and of good Force, if well manned, carrying about 
twenty Guns mounted on Carriages, besides Swivels; and 



468 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

required at least a hundred Men. A Jury of twelve y*^ 
Men were impanelled, and sent to sit in Inquest on the '^JJ™^ 
Body of the poor Man, who lost his Life on Saturday; 
who found it Accidental Death, and saw the Body buried: 
His Name was Gardener, had some Land allotted him at 
Skeedoway, where he lived a little while, and cleared a 
small Piece of two or three Acres; but grew weary and 
deserted it, more than two Years since, as divers others 
have done; and lived of late by letting himself out to 
Hire. 

• Tuesday, ) Nothing more than common requir- u. 

Wednesday. ) ing my Attention in Town, my prin- 12. 
cipal Care these two Days was, to promote and hasten 
forward the Work I had begun at my new Plantation; 
which at first setting out was attended with many new 
Expences; and I found it necessary to begin de novo 
with those Hands which I was to employ there, by pro- 
viding them with new Axes, Houghs, &c. and a new Set 
of Cloathing from Head to Foot, both Linen and Wool- 
len, to be added to what they were now wearing out, of 
what was last provided for them: And as they were 
henceforward to be employed at such a Distance from 
hence, that they could not be supplied so frequently as 
formerly with what they might want, it would be also 
necessary to lay in such a Store of Provisions, as might 
be sufficient for their Wants a while to come, of all Kinds. 

Thursday. A little Disorder, occasioned by a Co*ld w. 
coming upon me, made it advisable to keep home; where 
I could always employ myself usefully, when well. 

Friday. The same: Nothing interrupting me from 14. 
abroad, I made what Advances I could with my Pen and 
Ink; and found myself much better as the Day ended. 

Saturday. Mr. Jones having a Desire to see Aber- 15. 
corn (which he never had) at his Request I went up the 



COLONIAL liLCOKDS. 469 

River with him; and the rather, because one Bunyon, a Jt^ 
Builder of Boats and a Settler there, had newly, by the i>«»^emb. 
General's Order, built a large Ferry-Boat, fit to carry 
about nine or ten Horses at a Time, which was intended 
to be kept at Palachocolas, it being a proper and con- 
venient Pass on this River from that Fort: Here we 
found the said Boat newly finished, and by her Appear- 
ance on the Water, we judged she would well answer 
the Purpose she was intended for. As there was no 
Place in the whole Province, of the like Allotment of 
fifty Acres each, which in my Eye seemed so desirable, 
being a most pleasant Situation on the Banks of such a 
River, with as good Land belonging to each Lot, as is 
readily to be found in most Parts of the Province; I 
never saw it but with Regret, that there never yet had 
been a Number of Settlers there deserving it; but gener- 
ally they happened to be loose/ idle People, who after 
some short Abode, wandered elsewhere, and left it: It 
consists of twelve Lots, the two Trust-Lots bounding 
each Extream; and there are at present five Families 
only remaining there, nor has there often been more at 
one Time, As the Trust- Lands seem to be now in some 
better Way of cultivating by their own Servants, than 
hitherto; I proposed it to Mr. Jones to send down a few 
German Families to work on the Trust-Lots there; which 
by helping to fill the Place, very probably might induce 
others the sooner to occupy Lands there also: He agreed 
with me in Opinion, and said he would write of it to the 
General. 



16 



Sunday. We made what haste we could home; but 
the Tide not favouring us in due Time, it was past Noon 
ere we reached Savannah; and a wet Day. 

Monday. Most Part of the Day employed with Mr. n. 
Jones in methodizing Accounts, which were preparing as 
fast as we could to send to the Trustees, In the Even- 
ing I had once more an Inclination to make a Visit to 



470 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

our nightly Club; where in this Time of Scarcity of rn^ 
News from all Parts, I thought I should not fail of some- i>«^nib. 
thing, either true or false; for rather than want, they 
could coin: I found them now reduced to a very small 
Number, three or four only; who upon my coming in 
(whatever Subje<5l they had been upon before) turned most 
of their Discourse into a doleful Story of the sad State 
they saw poor Georgia fallen into, and how People were 
deserting it Day by Day: Which not having Sagacity 
enough of myself to discover, I said I wished to know 
who they were: And after a pretty long Pause upon it, 
they named two or three, adding to them all the Jews in 
general; which I said little to then, intending to be bet- 
ter informed: And by Degrees passing from one Point 
to another, at length the Trustrees Answer to their Rep- 
resentation was to be animadverted on; which with Pa- 
tience I heard them a pretty while take in Pieces, and 
reason upon in their own Way as they liked, offering 
sometimes a Word or two myself in Vindication of what 
needed none: Till at last they came to that Length as to 
tell me, in plain Words, they thought it not a fair An- 
swer, nor Way of proceeding in the Trust, to publish an An- 
swer in Print, to what so very few in England had seen 
in Writing; and that in Justice they should have set one 
against the other, and printed them both together, where- 
by the World would then judge who was in the right: 
Which I thought such a Piece of Impudence, that I could 
no longer bear; and so I took my Leave, not likely to 
trouble them, or myself about them again in haste. 

Tuesday. After dispatching some necessary Business ^g. 
at home, being pretty eagerly whetted at what passed 
last Night; I went out with a Resolution to discover, as 
far as I could, what Foundation appeared for such a Talk 
of Desertion, as I was then entertained with: And I was 
very well assured, that not one of the Jews who were 
People of Industry, or of any Value among us, had any 
such Thoughts or Design, being easy and contented in 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 471 

the present State they lived; some of them Planters, nao^ 
and others in a Way of Trade; only one, who was a Decemb. 
Barber, and lived wholly by Shaving, but never improved 
his Lot; another who negledled his Land wholly, and 
followed no visible Business; and a third, who had not 
the least Property among us, but was a Wanderer; these 
three I understood had received lately some Advice 
from their Friends in Jamaica, inviting them to come 
thither; which they were pondering upon, and unre- 
solved in: And among the common Freeholders, I 
could hear of none except Robert Potter, who was an 
elderly Man, lately made one of the Constables, by the 
General's Favour, to encourage him; from whence he 
seemed to expedl a Maintenance, that he had no Title 
to otherwise; and therefore could not obtain it: He (it 
is confessed) had of late shewn some Tokens of Uneasi- 
ness, and given it out, that he would not stay here and 
starve, but rather try his Fortune with Captain Davis 
in his Privateer; who being now upon sailing in few 
Days, we should soon see how far he was in earnest. 

Wednesday. My chief Employment great Part of w. 
the Day, was to hasten on the Work I had taken in 
Hand, of a new Plantation ; wherein I was not willing 
to admit of loitering. Towards Evening I received by 
a trading Boat just arrived, Letters from Lieutenant 
Kent at Fort Augusta, informing me, among other 
Things, that it was currently reported in the Nations 
near us, the French were once more marching with a 
great Body of Men to attack the Chicassaw Indians, 
whose Fidelity to us, and whose Bravery against their 
Enemies, had been thoroughly experienced: Wherefore 
we could not but be in some Pain for their Defence: In- 
closed I found a Letter also for the General, which I 
made no Doubt imported the same News, and I should 
forward with all the Dispatch I could. 

Thursday. Often in Conference with Mr. Jones, and 20. 



472 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

busy in Accounts; when between while we fell into Dis- ^^ 
course about those who were said to be leaving us; the ^^cem\>. 
Principal of whom being Robert Potter, and he having 
now declared openly his Resolution of seeking his For- 
tune in privateering, I asked Mr. Jones to tell me freely 
his Opinion of him, that (without telling him mine) I 
might know how well our Sentiments agreed: And with- 
out Hesitation, he answered plainly, that he knew him 
to be a sly, old Knave, and that he only wished he might 
hold his Resolution of going; which rather than he 
should not, he would give Money out of his own Pocket, 
that the Colony might be rid of him: Which Opinion 
of his, I entirely concurred in; the same Reasons induc- 
ing us to think so; among which some we specified. 

As to his Religion, he put on at Times a Shew of 

consistant Attendance on the publick Worship of the 
Church, perhaps for a Month; and then would absent 
himself from it more than twice as long, professing 
himself a Dissenter; but it is generally suspedled he had 
no Title to the Word Protestant, for it is certain he was 
bred a Roman Catholick in Ireland, and many People do 
not scruple to say, that he is adlually in Orders under 
that Church, even now: He is universally looked on as a 
great Hypocrite, affecting to go in a tattered Habit, and 
complaining of Poverty; whereas it is well known, he 
has good Store of better Apparel in his Chest; and as 
to his Pretence of Want, scarcely any one gfves Ear to 
it, believing rather that he has a Miser's Hoard, which 
he dares not make proper Use of: Nevertheless, utterly 
to destroy all such Shams, it is well known Mr. Jones 
employed him several Months at the Rate of nine Shil- 
lings per Week, as a constant Guard on the Office where 
the publick Accounts were examining, and where all the 
Books were secured, to take effectual Care lest any un- 
fair Dealing should be used, or Embezzlement made to 
the Detriment of the Trust; and upon the late Promo- 
tion of Mr. Fallowfield to the Magistracy, a Vacancy of 
one of the Constables happening, the General made him 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 473 

a Constable, to which was annexed a Payment of lO /. ^J^ 
per Annum, intended as a Mark of his Favour for not D^cemb. 
subscribing the late Representation, his Excellence kindly 
overlooking oil other DefecSls: But Mr. Jones had some 
Time before discharged him from his Employment at 
the Office, upon discovering some evident Tokens of his 
Infidelity: This lo /. of itself, however, was sufficient for 
feeding him, and only one Daughter, which he had (a 
Girl of about ten Years of Age;) and if he would have 
added any Thing to it, by cultivating a little Land, as he 
had formerly done, and with Pleasure he now might, 
having a few Acres well cleared, he had a fair Prospe<Sl 
of living comfortably; but this last Year he wholly neg- 
ledled that, and now thought himself hardly used, for 
not being maintained as he expe(5led. This being the 
true State of Mr. Potter's Case, I cannot apprehend the 
Colony will sustain any Damage for the Want of him. 
Two others likewise, that a pretty while since engaged 
in the Privateer Service, .would as little be missed: One 
of them, whose Name is Elisha Foster, and by Office a 
Tything-man, at whose House Capt. Davis lodged, was per- 
suaded to think he could not miss making his Fortune 
in that Way, and entered as Quarter-Master, whose 
Office was, upon taking a Prize, to stand between the 
Captain and his Men, and see that every one had his 
Dividend right: What Improvement he had made ashore 
on his Lot, is, a pretty good little House to live in; but 
in five or six Years that he has lived here, he never cul- 
tivated one Acre of Land, chusing to get Money any 
other Ways, if he could, by some Traffick; which from 
the little visible Appearance of, was generally thought 
to be unwarrantable, being strongly suspe<Sled to be one 
of the Number of such as furnish this Place with Spirits; 
and whereof he took so plentiful a Share himself, that 
it was common with him to appear publickly drunk in 
the Streets in open Day. The next to be named is one 
Garrett, a Sort of Quack, who had little Skill and little 
Pra<Slice, settling here about three Years since, or more; 



474 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

had a Freehold Lot granted him in this Town, which he i7»^ 
kept not long, and then threw it up, refusing to do the i)*^^!). 
Guard Duty, or discharge it by another: But both he 
and Foster, we now hear, are already wavering whether 
or not to pursue their intended Voyage. These were 
some of the good People, whom the Company I kept 
last Monday, were persuading to believe the Loss of, 
would be of sad Consequence: But we happened not to 
think alike; and I had good Reason to believe, that if 
they stopped short from proceeding to Sea, it was not 
for Want of Encouragement from them, who delighted 
in nothing more than to seduce all* they could from con- 
tinuing among us. 

Friday. Early this Morning arrived a small Boat 2l 
from the South (John Rea Patroon) with several Passen- 
gers, mostly belonging to this Place and Neighbourhood: 
We all sought eagerly for News, having not had any 
fresh Intelligence of late; but they could tell us little 
more than that the General was just returned safe, from 
the Expedition he had been upon near St. Juan's, where 
the Spanish Guard Sloop lately lay that was stationed 
there; but now was gone, and no Enemy appeared: The 
General, we were told, advanced with his little Body of 
about two hundred Men, partly Mariners, and some 
Landmen, with a few Indians; but scarce any of the 
regular Troops, except some Gentlemen Cadets, and 
three or four Commission Officers, who obtained the Fa- 
vour to attend him; and with these he advanced within 
a little Way of Augustin: In marching, our Indians set 
up the War Whoop; which those of the Enemy's Side 
understood so well, that they who were near took to 
their Heels, and ran into the Town for Safety; only one 
of our Indians overtook one of their Negroes with a 
Ball, which stopt his Flight and killed him. After recon- 
noitering thus far, and finding none to oppose, his Ex- 
cellence probably did not think it prudential to wait, and 
see whether or not they would take Courage and inter- 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 475 

cept them with a strong Body : Wherefore he retreated ™^ 
homewards, but not in such haste as to neglecft taking i>ecemb. 
in Fort St. George by the Way; which was the utmost 
of our Limits for a while, and given up again upon some 
Terms of Accommodation as were then agreed to: Here 
the General replaced now a few Men, as a Look-out, to 
keep Garison, and observe what the Spaniards are 

about. ^This was what we could pick out from these 

Passengers, who said they came off in half an Hour's 
Time after the General's Arrival, who was much fatigued, 
and went to take his Rest: Wherefore we next hoped for 
some more authentick Advices thence by the next Op- 
portunity. This being his Excellency's Birth-Day, was 
observed by firing some Guns, and his Health was drank 
under the Flag, without any Profuseness of Powder or 
Wine; which he forbid upon any publick Solemnity. 

Saturday. Upon Advice received, that a small Skooner 22. 
had been observed lurking for several Days past within 
Ussybaw Sound, and some that belonged to her 
had been ashore at one of our Plantations in that Neigh- 
bourhood, where by making Shew of their being in want 
of many Things, they gave good Cause of Suspicion that 
they had no good Design; Captain Davis was applied to, 
to send out his Sloop, nowatTybee, to prevent her getting 
away by Sea: At the same Time a Boat well armed went 
within Land, to lay hold of her; and Messieurs Parker 
and Jones (two Magistrates) required the Master, as well 
as the Men belonging to her, to be brought ashore at the 
nearest and most commodious Place of landing, where 
they might be examined; for which Purpose the said 
Magistrates rode thither; and finding their Orders punc- 
tually executed, by Noble Jones, who had a Plantation 
near the Place, they there examined them, and found her 
navigated by four or five Hands only, without any Ap- 
pearance of Arms: Nevertheless, as she came from His- 
paniola, laden with Spanish contraband Goods, consigned 
to Messieurs Woodward and Flower at Port-Royal, she 



476 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

was seizable; and moreover her lying there so many Days, ^i7»^ 
gave Grounds of Suspicion, that they were founding the i>«^nib. 
Depths of that Inlet, or something else was in their 
View, which they would not own, but pretended that 
they mistook their Port: She was ordered around to 
Tybee, and to be secured, till we had the General's Or- 
ders concerning her. This Afternoon Mr. Christie came 
to my House, and brought with him Messieurs Fallow- 
field, Theo. Hetherington and Andrew Grant, as Wit- 
nesses to his peremptory Demand of the Constitution ap- 
pointing him first Bailiff; having, as he said, fulfilled the 
Conditions requi|-ed o f him, in making out a Copy of the 
Proceedings of the Court to this Time; and putting into 
my Hands a Packet with several Sheets of Paper writ- 
ten, the Contents to me unknown, which he put into a 
Cover of brown Paper immediately; and being then 
sealed with divers Seals, he delivered it to me, dire<Sled 
to the honourable Trustees, and told me he expected I 
would send it: To which Mr. Fallowfield, in a most in- 
solent Manner (as it is his usual Way) added many rude 
Expressions in a Sort of menacing, which I little re- 
garded; but directing my Answer to Mr. Christie, 1 told 
him, that it was my Duty to transmit faithfully to the 
Trust whatever was put into my Hands for that Intent, 
and accordingly would take Care of this; but what Name 
to give it I could not tell, unless I was better informed; 
for it did not appear to me, that it was a full Copy ot 
the Court Proceedings; to which he replied, that Mr. 
Hetherington then present could testify that it was ex- 
amined by his Book; but 1 alledged, that Mr. Hether- 
ton could be no Judge whether or not that Book was 
duly kept, or contained what ought to be recorded; for 
it was known, that the Book itself, as well as this now 
called a Copy, were all made out since the late Stop put 
to delivering him the Constitution of first Bailiff, and it 
was out of such Fragments, as it was to be feared were 
never to be reduced into perfedl Order; moreover, that 
it was well known also there were several Fines due to 



COLONIAL RECORDS- 477 

the Trustees, and other Sums paid into Court, which he nw^ 
never yet accounted for, or charged himself with; which D^eemb. 
none could so well discover how well they were taken 
Notice of, as the Magistrates themselves, who I appre- 
hended had a Right at all Times to call for that Book, 
and have Recourse to it: To which he replied positively, 
that neither the Magistrates, nor any one living, should 
look into his Book: And to conclude, I told him my 
last Orders from the General were, that all these Mat- 
ters should remain as they now stood, till the Trustees 
Pleasure was farther known; that nevertheless I would 
write to the General who was near, for his Advice as 
soon as he pleased; and that I would not fail to lay be- 
fore the Trustees what now passed, by the next first 
Packet that I sent for England: And so they left me. 

Sunday. Mr. Habersham continued to read the pub- 23 
lick Prayers, &c. during the Absence of a Minister. Some 
Persons came up to Town from Tybee, belonging to a 
Sloop Privateer which came from Providence Island, 
that anchored at Cockspur last Night: Their Business 
was with the General, to get their Commission improved 
and strengthened by him; but missing him here, they 
would lose no Time in going to find him at St. Simon's: 
They had taken some small Prizes from the Spaniards 
(as they said) which they sent home, but they told us a 
Privateer belonging unto Rhode-Island had the good 
Fortune lately, though but a small Sloop with forty 
Hands, to take a rich Spaniard lately on the Spaniards' 
own Coast, with such a Quantity of Silver aboard, that 
they shared four hundred Dollars apiece, besides solid 
Plate for the Use of a Church, and many rich Bro- 
cades, &c. 



Monday. The most remarkable Occurrence of this 
Day was the Arrival of a Sloop from Philadelphia, be- 
longing to Mr. Whitfield, which he had bought, and sent 
hither, filled with great Variety of Necessaries for such 



24. 



478 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

as were to settle here: She brought seven or eight such ^^^ 
(Men, Women and Children) besides two that had been i>«^mb 
here, and now returned . from England, namely, a young 
Son of Mr. Bradley's, and one Robert How, who it 
might be hoped from Mr. Whitfield's Instruction was be- 
come a new Man; for he carried out a bad Character 
with him from hence. They made Report, that Mr. 
Whitfield was coming, in Company with two or three to 
attend him, by Land, thro' Maryland, Virginia, North 
and South-Carolina, hither; which is computed at least 
six hundred Miles; and that we might expect him here 
in about a Week more. 

Tuesday, Christmas-Day. Publick Divine Service ». 
was observed; as at other Times. 

Wednesday. The Skooner that was taken on Suspi- «. 
cion of unwarrantable Pra(5lices last Saturday, and ap- 
parently loaden with Spanish Goods, being ordered 
round hither, arrived; and Col. Flower, of Port-Royal, 
who was the Owner, having Intelligence what a Situa- 
tion she was in, thought it Time to bestir himself, and 
came hither also; who alleged many Things in his own 
Favour, plausible and fit to be considered; but as the , 

General was now in the Province, no Judicature here 
would venture to decide so nice an Affair, without first 
taking his Opinion and Advice: Wherefore Colonel 
Flower determined to wait on his Excellence at Frederica 
with all convenient Speed; when at the same Time the 
Magistrates, who had a<5led in it so far, would inform 
the General of all Proceedings. By Colonel Flower I 
received the Packets sent from the Trust by Captains 
Ay res and Gregory, with Letters of September 14, and 
0<5lober 6; together with a Letter from Mr. Hopton (as 
he never failed) now informing me, that Captain Ayres 
made eleven Weeks Passage of it, by whom he had the 
large Packet, and also a Box for the General: And Cap- 
tain Gregory, who arrived in eight Weeks, and was 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 479 

within very few Days of the other, brought him the ^iw^ 
small Packet: All which he forwarded to me by Mr. i>««emb. 
Jonathan Bryan, who was to deliver it to Mr. Wyre, his 
Correspondent at Port-Royal; and who accordingly took 
this first Opportunity of sending it to me by the Colonel: 
But Mr. Bryan being on Horseback, could not take the 
Box with him; wherefore Mr. Hopton waited the first 
Convenience of sending it. 

Thursday. The whole Day taken up in writing Let- 27. 
ters, and preparing many Things which required being 
sent to the South, wherewith a Pettyagua was now load- 
ing, and a small Boat was ordered also at the Colonel's 
Request and Expence; by which he purposed to make 
quick Expedition to-morrow Morning; and I designed, 
by the same Conveyance, to transmit to the General 
what I had received for him Yesterday. 

Friday. Colonel Flower's Design of setting out for 28. 
Frederica, being baulked by a very wet Day, which pre- 
vented his going on Horseback as far as Noble Jones's 
Plantation, who was to accompany him in his Passage 
thence, for which Purpose the Boat was sent round 
thither Yesterday; I delivered the General's Packet, and 
other Letters for him, to Mr. Parker, who had engaged 
to shew the Colonel the Way to Noble Jones's, his own 
Plantation also lying in that Neighbourhood; and he 
promised to put what I gave him the Charge of, into 
Noble Jones's Hands, to deliver it all safe to the Gen- 
eral. Bad Weather and Christmas Holidays meeting, 
occasioned a Conjun<5lion also of Friends at one an- 
other's Houses, and scarcely any one to be seen abroad, 
nor any Thing passed worth Note. 

Saturday. Took Horse, and rode to my Plantation ». 
(intended) at the Mouth of Vernon River, being the 
first Visit I made my People since I sent them to begin 
there, after they had first fenced in the full Quantity of 



480 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Land allotted; which was the sooner done, by Means of ij»> 
an Isthmus of near a Mile extent, that we set our Fence i)*^^^- 
on, and so parted it from the Wilderness. I found them 
well covered from the bad Weather, by a strong Pal- 
meta Hut, which they had made as soon as they arrived; 
to which in the next Place they would add a convenient 
Enlargement with Clapboards in few Days, more, and 
then to work in falling Trees, clearing Ground, &c. I 
had five Hands there, besides one that I had hired for 
an Overseer, on such Terms as would make it his Inter- 
est to take Care they all did their Duty; and that he 
also put a helping Hand to it himself. As this was 
the very utmost Settlement in the Northern Division 
of this Province, towards the Sea-Coast, and required 
their keeping a good Look-out that Way against 
the Spaniards; as well as backwards against any strag- 
gling Spanish Indians that should attempt to come upon 
them unprovided; I furnished them with two Fusees and 
Bayonets of my own, and a (Couple of Muskets I got 
from the Stores for them, with Powder and Ball suffi- 
cient; telling them, that in Case of any Danger, I hoped 
they would behave like Men; which they promised me 
very chearfuUy; and I assured them they should want 
for no Encouragement from me, that they deserved. 
Returned home in the Evening; and being informed by 
the Tything-man upon Duty, that there was like to be a 
weak Guard to-night, through several Peoples Negledl, 
&c. I gave him Charge to make a particular Return to 
me, cf all that was fit to be taken Notice of when he 
went off his Guard; resolving to see the late Orders left 
us by the General, relating to those Affairs, strictly ob- 
served. 

Sunday. Mr. Norris not yet returning, the publick 30. 
Service, and a Sermon upon Justification, was read by 
Mr. Habersham. 



I 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 481 

Monday. The Year ended without any Thing remark- ^^j^ 
able, after too many that I would gladly have taken no De^mb. 
Notice of, had it been consistent with the Duty required 
of me: But while some among us were too busy in pro- 
moting Discord, and tempting divers to think they might 
live happier elsewhere (which few here of real Value 
would give Ear to; but on the contrary saw some return- 
ing; heard of others who were become very miserable, 
not knowing how to get their Bread, and had no Reason 
to expedl much Countenance here, from their former ill 
Course of Life; besides what Accounts we frequently 
had of several of jthem that were taken away by Death, 
in the late common Calamity of Sickness, which fell 
upon the People of Carolina, and Charles-Town espe- 
cially) kind Providence bestowed the Blessing of Health 
in so large a Share upon this Province, that so few were 
not known to have died in one Year, since the planting 
of the Colony. The Camp nevertheless at St. Simon's 
grew sickly, about the Fall of the Leaf, and the Soldier's 
were addidled to Agues, which rendered many of them 
weak; but very rarely proved mortal, they that had tasted 
of the current Distemper recovering apace. 

Tuesday. Great Part of this Day spent with Mr. 1740. 
Jones in adjusting divers Accounts which had been ex- January 
amined some Time past, in Order now to hasten them 
away with what Speed we could to the Trustees; who 
by their last Letters required us so to do; wherein we 
had found great Intricacy: And it is a Piece of Justice 
due to Mr. Jones to acknowledge, that without his Ap- 
plication to that Business, I see little could be done in it 
by either of those Colleagues joined in Commission 
with him: For as to myself, who had no Pretence to the 
Rank of an Accomptant, I only tread in the Path that 
he first traces out, very often through many Turnings 
and Windings; and when the Light opens, so that Truth 
may be more easily discovered from Error, whether by 
Accident or Design, I then make use of what little 

81 r— V 4 



482 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Capacity I have, to inform my Judgment, in such Man- ij^ 
ner that I may not set my Hand blindfold to I know not Jmoait 
what; in which Pursuit I never fail to join him, whenever 
he calls upon me so to do, and tells me he has Leisure. 

Wednesday. In Conference with Mr. Jones on sun- 2. 
dry Affairs, he acquainted me in what Manner he was 
accosted by Mr. Christie; who bringing two Witnesses 
with him, namely, Andrew Grant and Theoph. Hether- 
ington, in the same Manner as he did to me on the 22d 
ult. he produced an Account which he shewed; wherein 
he made the Trustees Debtors to him in a large Sum 
upwards of loo /. Sterling; and he (Mr. Jones) looking 
on it as what there was no just Foundation for, told him 
in a satirical Way, that they would have done well, if 
they had brought their several Concubines with them, 
as farther Evidence of what passed; wherein Grant and 
Christie were most barefaced and scandalously culpable; 
the first of these having two Bastards by one Woman, 
who all cohabit with him; and the other with as little 
Shame had taken to his Bed another Man's Wife (who 
was run away some Time) with whom he lived in open 
Adultery {vide 10, 11, 12, 13 of Odl.) Christie then 
asked him how he dared issue any Money without his 
Privity; to which the other replied, that he was not 
looked on as a Man fit to be trusted in those Affairs, 
who was known to have made several Concealments of 
Money belonging to the Trustees, which had come to his 
Hands; and withal he let him know in plain Words, that 
his Charadler was grown so bad, the General declared 
he would never suffer his Name to stand on the same 
Paper with his. The Time drawing near of our Court 
sitting again next Week; from these several Attacks lately 
made, was imagined something was intended by them 
when that Day came, these Proceedings being well 
known to be the Result of our Committee of Safety; 
which though now reduced to a small Number, yet like 
Vipers near expiring, continue to show a Disposition to 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 483 

Mischief as long as they can: Of which Number Mr. n^o^ 
Christie (as before observed) has for a considerable Time January 
past made himself one; and I wish I could wholly clear 
one of our new Magistrates (Mr. Fallowfield) from any 
the like Imputation, who has been observed to be a 
pretty frequent Attender on that Club; but how far a 
Partaker of their Counsels, Time will best shew; Facts, 
and not Suppositions only, being the Guide I must 
follow. 

Thursday. The Day at length came, that had been 3. 
long expe<Sled, when Captain Davis and his People took 
Leave of this Place for a while. Potter and Foster, two 
of our Officers (before mentioned) making Part of their 
Crew; and both the Snows and Sloop lay at Ty bee ready 
for sailing, fitted out by Davis, who took the Command of 
one of them himself, and James Williams had that of the 
other: It was expected they would find good Hands, and 
enough, at Providence, where they were bound first; but 
they were yet poorly manned, neither could it be ex- 
pe<5led they were to be found here. A New York Sloop 
that had been at Frederica, and disposed of most of her 

Cargo of Provisions there, Tinley Master, stopt 

at Anchor in our River; and the Master brought no Let- 
ters, but reported, that the General was preparing, when 
he came thence on Tuesday last, to set out on another 
Expedition against the Enemy, much stronger than be- 
fore, resolving (as it was believed) at any Rate to drive 
the Spaniards out of two Forts they had on St. John's 
River: Wherein it seems some Attempt had been made 
a little while since, by a small Party, under the Com- 
mand of a Subaltern or two, who found the Forts so 
fortify'd and garison'd, that it was impracticable to at- 
tack them with Success, by naked Men, under no De- 
fence or Cover; for which Reason they then returned 
re infectA after one (a Serjeant) being mortally wounded, 
who is since dead: What this Master farther reported 
-was, that a Duel was fought lately between Messieurs 



J 



484 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Leman and Sutherland (two Ensigns) and that Mr. "«. 
Leman lay dangerously ill of his Wounds. Unntnj 

Friday. Samuel Lacy coming in his Pettyagua from 4. 
Charles-Town, brought Letters with him thence for the 
General, to be forward<:d for his Majesty's Service; 
some Letters also for me, but of no great Import; and 
several for other People; but no Ship arrived from Eng- 
land since Captain Gregory, nor any farther News than 
what he brought with him. 

Saturday. Most of my Time this Day, as well as 5. 
for several preceding, was taken up with Mr. Jones, in 
getting forward such Accounts as we possibly could, of 
those which had been examined some Time past, but 
had not been yet put into due Order: And what yet re- 
mained to be examined, supposing them to be alike 
perplexed (at least several of them) it was not in our 
Power to foresee with any Certainty, what Time it would 
take to finish them: In the mean while I was unwilling 
my next Letters should go without some Specimen of 
what we had been doing; which on the other Hand 
must occasion a Delay more than usual in sending away 
my Packet, 

Sunday. No News yet of Mr. Norris's Return from «. 
the South, or of Mr. Whitfield from the North: Where- 
fore Mr. Habersham continued, as he had done, to read 
the Service of the Church, and a Sermon after it. 

Monday. This being the ordinary Day of the Court's 7. 
sitting, the Magistrates met, and opened it in due 
Form; but upon calling over the Names of the Persons 
summoned, both on the Grand and Petty Jury, so many 
failed to appear, that they could not make out a Num- 
ber sufficient for either; and observing that the Per- 
sons on those Lists, were many of them such as were 
well known to be at present far out of Town, they con- 
ceived that the Recorder (who had always taken that Paft 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 485 

upon him of giving out those Lists to be summoned) ^^ 
had now picked out enough Absentees to prevent the January 
Court's proceeding any farther: Wherefore being now 
assembled together, they took Care that other Lists 
should immediately be made, of the Freeholders, suffi- 
cient to prevent any such Defedl when they met again; 
which by Adjournment they appointed this Day Fort- 
night. Mr. Jones returned, and I with him, to hasten 
on, as fast as might be, some of those Accounts the 
Trustees expected. 

Tuesday. The same: And I learnt nothing material 8. 
from without. A New-York Sloop with Provisions, &c. 
came up the River, Ware Master; who after pri- 
vately higgling about among our Keepers of Stores, 
and furnishing them with what they best liked, offered 
the Remainder to us; which we rejected with Scorn. 

Wednesday. Colonel Flower returned from the South, •• 
where he had been to wait on the General, aboat h^i \f- 
fair before-mentioned (Dec. 26 & seq.) and brought Let- 
ters from the General: In one of which to Mr. Jones, he 
gave some Diredlions relating to that Skooner, which 
he communicated to Mr. Parker and me; Copies whereof 
he promised to send to the Trustees: And this Evening, 
at Colonel Flower's Request, the three Bailiffs and I 
met him, in order to consider what to be done therein; 
when it was proposed by Messieurs Jones, Parker, and 
self (in order to make the Colonel as easy as could be, 
in so difficult an Affair, which we were not fond of de- 
ciding) that the Case should be stated, and sent to Mr. 
Rutledge, a Lawyer in Charles-Town, whom the General 
has employed on several Occasions; desiring him to ad- 
vise with thp Officers of the Customs thereon, and to let 
us know how far we might proceed without Blame: But 
the Colonel thereupon said, that if that was the Resolu- 
tion to be taken, he would save us that Trouble; for he 
well knew, that as he could not deny but there were 



486 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

some contraband Goods abroad, viz. a small Parcel of ^J^ 
Coffee and Soap, that alone would, in the Opinion of the J»ou*rr 
Lawyers and Custom-House Officers, condemn the Ves- 
sel; but he hoped we should not carry Things on with 
that Rigour; since (as he said) those Things were taken 
in by the Master, without Diredlion from him; and the 
Bulk of the Cargo was Molasses and Sugar, which if 
suffered to be entered, would be of Service to the Col- 
ony. Hereupon Mr. Fallowfield declaring, with his 
usual Warmth, that the Affair was properly cognizable 
by him as Naval Officer, and none else; that he would 
enter the Molasses and Sugar; and as for those Goods 
that were contraband, he would take them into his Cus- 
tody till farther Order; and the Blame (if any) he would 
take upon himself; that he knew what he did, being a 
better Judge of those Matters than any one here, &c. 
and appearing so very positive in it. Messieurs Jones and 
Parker were of Opinion not to enter into any Contro- 
versy with him, but to let him take his own Course; and 
if any new Difficulty should arise, they would meet upon 
it again to-morrow Morning: In the mean Time Mes- 
sieurs Jones and Parker desired I would note what 
passed, that they might be justified. 

Thursday. The same Persons meeting again this lo. 
Morning, continued in the same Opinion as Yesterday; 
and Mr. Fallowfield undertook the Whole of what was 
to be done: But upon its being urged by us, that those 
contraband Goods could no where be so safely and 
properly lodged, as in the Trustees' own Custody; Mr. 
Fallowfield thought fit to yield that Point, and promised 
they should be brought to the Trust's Stores; and as for 
the rest, he undertook the Colonel should give his Bond 
to the Trustees, for paying the Duty on those Goods, 
which Bond he would deliver to me. Ware, Mas- 
ter of the New- York Sloop, going to the South, to see 
if he could dispose of the Residue of his Cargo there, 
I took the Opportunity of sending by him a Packet to 



i 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 487 

the General, wherein were enclosed sundry Letters that n40^ 
came to my Hands from different Parts of the two "^'"iS*"^ 
Provinces for him, since the last I sent on the 28th ult. 
In the Afternoon arrived Mr. Norris (long wished for) 
from the South, and with him Mr. Eyre, the Cadet, in 
his Way again to the Cherokee Nation, by Order from the 
General: By whom I found the Story confirmed in all 
its Parts, as related to me, and noted the 3d Instant; 
Mr. Eyre having been one at the Attack of those Forts : 
He told us, that Mr. Leman, who had been ill in a Fever, 
occasioned by the Wound he received in that Duel, was 
upon Recovery; and confirmed likewise the other En- 
terprize the General was intending, and which headlually 
was set out on, upon Tuesday the 1st Instant, with about 
two hundred good Men, Soldiers and Volunteers, for the 
Purpose before related. 

Friday. Towards Noon arrived Mr. Whitfield, ac- 11. 
companied by three or four in his Travels: and it luck- 
ily happening, that Mr. Norris arrived Yesterday from 
the South, it was quickly seen with what Tempers they 
met: When, to the Disappointment of some People, who 
are pleased best with Contention, upon Mr. Whitfield's 
shewing the Authority he brought with him, Mr. Norris, 
without the least Emotion, told him, that he should by 
no Means enter into any Disputes to disturb the Peace 
of the Church; nor had he ever wrote once to the Trus- 
tees concerning it, from the first Notice he had of what 
was in Agitation; wherefore it was far from his Inten- 
tion to enter into any Controversy with him; but on the 
contrary declared, that his Ministry at Savannah ceased 
from that Instant, declining to officiate at Evening Prayer 
this Night, but left it to Mr. Whitfield to take Posses- 
sion of the Church immediately; who accordingly did 
so, when a greater Congregation than usual most Days 
were met, many (I fear) more out of Curiosity than De- 
votion. He delivered to me in the Afternoon a Letter 
from Mr. Martyn, Secretary to the Trust, dated June i, 



488 COLONIAL BECOBDS. 

relating to the Land appointed for his Use, and whereon n4o. 
to set the Orphan- House, &c. which after I had read, he Janu*»T 
also did; and I told him I would not be wanting in any 
Thing on my Part to promote what the Trust appointed, 
and to give him what Assistance I could; but as to the 
five hundred Acres, Mr. Habersham, without conferring 
with me upon it, when the General was here, applied 
himself to him, who approved of the Place he had 
made Choice of, ordered it to be run out, and then 
signed a Warrant, which he diredled me to give the 
Constable, empowering him to give Possession of it to Mr. 
Habersham; which was done accordingly in some short 
Time after: And that Mr. Habersham had already began 
fencing and clearing upon it. After his reading his Let- 
ter from Mr. Martyn, he desired me to let him take a 
Copy of it; which I would not refuse him. 

Saturday. Mr. Whitfield lost no Time in setting 12. 
forward the Work which he professed to have much at 
Heart, about an Orphan-House; and rode out to view 
the Land which Mr. Habersham had taken Care to pro- 
vide against his coming, consisting of five hundred 
Acres, that he had taken Possession of in his own Name; 
where Mr. Whitfield gave such Orders and Directions as 
he thought proper. I met with very little Interruption 
from abroad in what I had to do at home; so that I 
stuck to it pretty closely: Only Mr. Fallowfield called 
on me, to show the rough Draught of a Bond which he 
was preparing for Colonel Flower to execute, pursuant 
to what was agreed on last Thursday: But I soon found 
it differed pretty much from what I expedled; for it was 
not made to the Trustees, but to the King; which he 
said, upon considering of, he thought most proper: I 
then asked him, whether or not he knew that all Re- 
cognizances, either for the Peace or otherwise, which in 
England were made to the King, were here always taken 
in the Name of the Trustees; and that he had little to 
say to, but he thought it not a parallel Case: Then I 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 489 

asked if he did not intend to deliver the Bond, when n40. 
signed, into my Custody; which he plainly told me he January 
saw no Occasion for: But as I had the Honour to serve 
the Trust in the Station appointed me, I apprehended all 
Things of that Kind, which so immediately concerned 
the honourable Trustees, and their Interest, would be 
properly lodged in my Hands: Then I asked him whose 
Servant he thought himself to be ? from whom he re- 
ceived the Powers by which he acted ? and to whom he 
believed he was accountable ? To all which he seemed 
to turn a deaf Ear, and only wished I would inform him, 
whether the Form of the Bond was right or not : But as 
he had not fulfilled the Promise and Engagement he 
was under, I thought it my wisest Way not to meddle, 
or offer to mend what he had so warmly taken on him- 
self, exclusive of all others. 

Sunday. Mr. Whitfield's Name, which of late had i3. 
made so much Noise in England, could not fail drawing 
all Sorts of People to Church, who professed Chris- 
tianity, to hear what Dodlrine it was that he preached: 
When both in the Morning and Afternoon, he made our 
Justification by Faith only, the Subjedl of his Discourse; 
taking those Words in St. Matthew for his Text, **What 
think you of Christ?" Which he pressed home with great 
Energy, denouncing Anathema's on all such as taught 
otherwise. In the Evening, at his Request, I drank Tea 
with him; where Mr. Norris also came; and delivering 
back to me Mr. Martyn's Letter from the Trust, which 
he had taken Copy of, he told me he was so well satis- 
fied with the Situation of the five hundred Acres, which 
he found provided for him by Mr. Habersham against 
his coming, that he would lay aside all farther Thoughts 
where to build his Orphan-House, being determined to 
fix it on that Land, and not meddle with what Robert 
Hows had resigned up to the Trust (which Lot therefore 
now became void.) As this five hundred Acres was 
about ten Miles from Town, after some Pause, he re- 



490 COLONIAL RECORDS- 

fle<5led a little upon some Inconveniences which he mo. 
should thereby bring upon himself, foraginuch as he pur- J*'^^'^ 
posed, where the Orphan- House was, to have a Chapel 
(or Oratory) and also an Apartment for himself, intend- 
ing to make it pretty much the Place of his Residence, 
when in these Parts: Wherefore he seemed to wish for 
some Help in discharging the Office of his Ministry at 
Savannah, whilst he carried on the good Work he was 
upon; and for the better effe<5ling whereof, it would be 
expedient for him, after some Months Abode here, to 
take another Travel, in order to get the Fund augmented 
for that End: And addressing himself to Mr. Norris, he 
made him an Offer of exercising his Function here with 
us, at all Times when he pleased, and did not see (he 
said) but it might be done very well, by his being some- 
times here, and sometimes at Frederica, as formerly it 
had been done by Mr. Wesley, &c. But Mr. Norris re- 
plied, that since the Trust had been pleased to appoint 
him specially at Frederica, be thought himself bound 
not to negle<5l his Charge, which next under God he was 
accountable for to the Bishop, who for his future En- 
couragement, had obtained a Stipend of 50 /. per Annum, 
to be paid him by the Society for propagating the Gospel 
in Foreign Parts, additional to what the Trust allowed. 

Monday. An exceeding heavy Rain kept every body 14, 
within Doors all the Day; which Mr. Jones and I spent 
good Part ot nevertheless together; and upon my asking 
(now Colonel Flower's Skooner was unladen) whether 
or not Mr. Fallowfield had put those contraband Goods 
into the Trust's Stores, as he engaged; Mr. Jones told 
me, that there was no such Thing done; to which I re- 
plied, that then he had not kept his Word with me in 
any one Thing insisted on, which he had promised. 

Tuesday. What I thought most worth present Ob- is. 
servation, arose from the extraordinary Preparations 
making to build the Orphan-House, &c. wherein Mr. 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 491 

Whitfield indeed shewed himself much in earnest; and 1740. 
it may be presumed, he expedled it would be finished in January 
few Months; in order to which, there was hardly one 
Sawyer of any Value in Town, but all hired, and engaged 
by him to go over and work, where he meant to eredl 
that Building: Most of our Carpenters, Bricklayers, &c. 
were likewise engaged by him, and a great Quantity of 
Scantling Timber, ready sawn, was coming (as I heard) 
for the more Expedition, from North-Carolina. The 
House that Mr. Bradley had lived in, being empty, Mr. 
Jones complimented the first Comers with the Use of, 
for the present; and Mr. Whitfield chose, upon his Arri- 
val, to carry those Friends that came with him thither 
also, as well as to be with them himself, leaving Mr. 
Norris in Possession of the Parsonage-House (which 
could not hold more than two or three) till he could con- 
veniently move what he had there, and carry it with him 
to Frederica: But the great House not being finished 
within, and incommodious on many Accounts, especially 
by letting the Rain come through the Roof, which was 
flat; Mr. Whitfield agreed with David Douglass for the 
Use of his House (much the largest of any private Lot 
in Town) at the Rent of 20 /. Sterling for half a Year 
only; when I heard he might have rented it for a whole 
Year under 30 /. which plainly shews (in my Opinion) 
that he depended on the new Building to be ready for 
him within that Time; and Douglass took the Advantage 
of exadling so unreasonable a Rent on that Occasion. 

Wednesday. This Day was mostly taken up in re<5li- le.. 
fying many Things relating to our Militia, and the Guard 
Duty; which, without good Looking into, too many were 
apt to be negligent in: Wherefore I thought it my Duty 
to examine particularly into all such Negledls, as I ap- 
prehended were growing among us, ordering a Return to 
be made constantly to the Constable every Morning, by 
the Tything-man going off Duty, giving an exadl and 
true Account how many, and who were upon Guard of 



492 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

his Tything, and who were absent; as also to certify ma 
what Occurrences he met with in the Night; what Boats January 
came, or went (by Permit) and who were in them: And 
forasmuch as in these dangerous Times, it was not im- 
probable but some Incendiaries might be employed by 
the Enemy, secretly to make what Destruction they 
could; I gave Orders, that there must be a punctual Ob- 
servance of the Patrol walking the Rounds on the Skirts 
of the Town, once in two Hours at least: And as I 
found by an Inspection, which I had before ordered to 
be made, that several Arms were wanting, especially 
among some who had Freehold Lots lately granted them 
by the General; I took Care this Instant they should 
be furnished out of the Stores, where they must be 
accountable, and produce them again when required: 
Then I recommended it to the Constable Samuel Mercer 
(who since Potter's going off to Sea, was the only one, 
till the General should appoint another) that he would be 
frequent in visiting the Guard at uncertain Hours in the 
Night, that they might not know when to expedl him, 
and to see if they were alert, or not; which I told him I 
should think it my Duty also to do sometimes: He prom- 
ised me to observe it; and I did not doubt it, for a more 
diligent Officer in that Post I never knew in Savannah. 

Thursday, Mr. Whitfield going again to his new n. 
Plantation, took Mr. Mercer the Constable with him, to 
shew him the Way; but when he came there, what he 
asked of him, was to give him Possession of that five 
hundred Acres, as he had before done to Mr. Habersham, 
who was now ready to surrender it to him, for the Use 
of the Orphan-House: But Mercer desired to be ex- 
cused, giving his Reasons for it: Whereat Mr. Whitfield 
was much displeased; and as soon as he came home in 
the Afternoon, he sent, desiring me to come to him; and 
when I came, he complained much of his being so dealt 
with; but I explained the Cause of it to him as well as I 
could, which in Substance was thus. Mr. Habersham 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 493 

(his Agent here) from the Time of Mr. Norris's first Ar- i74o. 
rival by Appointment from the Trust, had shewn many JAnuAry 
evident Tokens of Disrespedl to him, and was (not with- 
out good Reason) suspe<5led of stirring up, and abetting, 
a little Party of angry Zealots; from whence idle Stories 
were frequently spread abroad, tending to lessen Mr. 
Norris's Charadler, which they put in Contrast with Mr. 
Whitfield's, to make his appear with the greater Advan- 
tage, whom they expe<5led to return again, with more 
Power than ever. Be that as it would, I had the Trus- 
tees Orders to countenance Mr. Norris, and to jpin with 
the Magistrates in giving him all the Assistance we could, 
for the Support of his Ministry, &c. I did so; and in 
some of my Letters to the Trust, vindicated him for his 
unblameable Condu<5l: Whereupon Mr. Habersham, find- 
ing me an Advocate for Mr. Norris (I perceived very 
plainly) appeared shy in Conversation with me, and never 
uttered so much as one Word to me about his Intention 
of running out any Land for Mr. Whitfield's Purpose, 
till the Work was began; tho' I then had by me the Com- 
mands of the Trust of 'the 14th of July, signifying, that 
Mr. Whitfield was to consult me in that Affair: But the 
General being here a while after, Mr. Habersham rather 
chose to go to the Fountain's Head (wherein no one can 
blame him;) and the first Notice I had of what was 
doing, was from the General himself, who ordered me to 
make out a Warrant for giving Mr. Habersham five hun- 
dred Acres of Land, in such a certain Place, under the 
usual Restri<5lions, as I had done to others; which I did; 
and when the General had signed it, I delivered it to Mr. 
Habersham, who by Virtue of it, in a short Time after, 
got Mercer the Constable, whom it was diredled to, to go 
and give him Possession of it; after which, Mr. Mercer 
re-delivered the Warrant endorsed, as duly executed, for 
me to keep among many others. This being really the 
Case, I told Mr. Whitfield, that I could not think but 
Mercer had a<5led very cautiously, and with Prudence, 
in stopping where he did: For how could he justify it to 



494 COLONIAL RECORDS- 

the General, to give Possession of the same Land to an- n«^ 
other Person, without the same, or equal Authority? Mr. J*n^A»T 
Whitfield said little more to it, but I saw he was pretty 
uneasy; and thereupon I told him, that nothing should 
be wanting in me to clear the Way with what Expedition 
I could, and give him what little Assistance I was able. 



18. 



Friday. This whole Day produced nothing observa- 
ble, but that the late heavy Rains which had fallen this 
Winter, as well as the Summer foregoing, rendered our 
Ways to the several Lots almost unpassable. We began 
now to look with some Impatience for some News from 
the South, and to hear what Success the General met 
with, in the late Expedition he went upon the 1st In- 
stant. 



Saturday. Little to observe, more than Yesterday; i». 
only hard Rains continuing, occasioned several People 
travelling on Horseback, to be in great Danger of drown- 
ing, their Horses swimming in some Places, which had 
scarce ever before been known under Water; and all the 
low Lands were so flooded, that it was feared we should 
hear of great Losses of Cattle; the* like having not been 
known (as it was said) since the first planting of the 
Colony. I attended Mr. Jones again about the publick 
Accounts, being urgent (as often) to send away such as 
were gone through, and wishing that I might not be 
obliged to send away my Packet at last without any. 

Sunday. Mr. Whitfield did the Duties of the Day, 20. 
with more than ordinary Diligence, by reading Prayers 
at Seven in the Morning; at Ten again, with a Sermon 
after it; at Three again, the same as at Ten; and a Lec- 
ture at Seven in the Evening; besides the Sacrament, 
which he administered to betwixt thirty and forty Peo- 
ple after the second Morning Service: His Sermons both 
before Noon and after, in the same Manner as on Sun- 
day last, were wholly on the Doctrine of Justification 



COLONIAL RECORDS- 495 

and Regeneration; which ,we hoped would ere long be J^ 
followed by an Exhortation to the Practice of all Chris- January 
tian Duties, that so our Faith might be shewn by our 
Works; otherwise a dry and ina<5live Faith, it is to be 
feared, might prove a dangerous State. This Evening 
Mr. Bradley returned from Carolina. 

Monday. The Court now sat again, when upon call- 21. 
ing over the Names of those that had been summoned 
to serve upon the Grand Jury, seventeen appeared: And 
whereas it had been frequently complained of, as well 
by Mr. Norris in his Time of Ministry, as now of late 
by Mr. Whitfield, that several Persons in this Town lived 
most scandalous Lives with their Whores, and went on 
impUTit in open Defiance of all Laws both divine and 
human, to the great Reproach of the Place in which 
they lived; and therefore hoping that the Magistracy 
would take Notice of it, since there could be no Process 
against such notorious Offences, by any ecclesiastical 
Law, where those Offences were committed: The Court 
now sitting thought it high Time to take some Cogni- 
zance of it; and Mr. Parker (who since the Time of the 
Trustees Appointment of a new Set of Magistrates, de- 
clined as much as possible taking upon him to a<5l, but 
in such Cases only where it was unavoidably necessary) 
desiring to be excused from giving the Charge as usual 
to the Grand Jury, looking on himself in no other Light, 
than as one substituted by the General to fill that Place 
on the Bench, till the Trustees Pleasure was farther 
known (as noted on the 15th of October last) and Mr. 
Fallowfield declining to take upon him, which he knew 
himself not well qualified for: Mr. Jones undertook that 
Part; and among other Things proper to be recommended 
to their Consideration, insisted strongly upon it as their 
Duty, to make a Presentment to the Court, of all such 
Offences as came to their Knowledge, either through 
common Fame, or such Evidence as might be produced, 
which were committed against the known Laws of God 



496 COLONIAL RECORDS- 

and .Man, or were contra bonos mores; particularly speci- >J^ 
fying Adultery, and Inconsistency: After which, Mr. Jan^*ry 
Whitfield, sitting near the Bench, rose, and made an 
Oration, setting forth the Heinousness of such Crimes, 
in very pathetick Terms; shewing that we must never 
expe<5l a Blessing on this Colony, unless the civil Power 
would give all possible Assistance, in rooting out this 
accursed Thing; concluding that it was his firm Persua- 
sion, the slow Progress that was made in the Advance- 
ment of the Colony, was owing to God's not permitting 
it to prosper while such barefaced Wickedness was, 
through Neglect, suffered to remain among us; which 
every good Man was ready to allow: But I found a 
pretty many who thought so, seemed not well pleased at 
his taking upon him to harangue the Grand Jury with 
what would more properly have come from the Pulpit; 
and I myself then feared, it would have a different Ef- 
fect upon the Grand Jury from what was hoped and ex- 
pected. 

Tuesday. What I feared came to pass; for upon the 22. 
Court's adjoining Yesterday to give Room for the Delib- 
erations of the Jury, they fell immediately into warm 
Debates on what had happened; which held all that Day, 
and came to nothing; and it was late in the Afternoon 
this Day, ere they agreed upon any Thing; when they 
came into Court, and delivered in a few Presentments of 
ordinary Matters; but not a Word concerning what was 
of much greater Consequence: Whereat the Majority of 
the Court appeared displeased, and adjourned to a long 
Day, namely, the 4th of February, to take Time and 
consider what Expedient could be attained, how to bring 
their good Designs to pass. In the Evening the Magis- . 
trates all assembled at my House; and in Obedience to 
the Command of the Trustees, knowing Mr. Bradley to 
be returned to Town, they sent for him; who readily 
came; and was given to understand what the Trust ex- 
pe<5led of him, viz. that he must find Security for his not 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 497 

leaving the Colony till his Accounts were made up: ™^ 
Which he seemed somewhat shocked at, and plainly told Jan^»'y 
them, he must then conclude himself utterly lost; for 
that he knew not one in the whole Town who would be 
his Bail; which indeed we all thought alike in: But that 
occasioned a sorrowful Reflexion, what Sort of Behaviour 
then he must have shewn among them, not to find one 
Friend in this Time of Need, who would appear to give 
him kind Assistance: The Magistrates were all unwilling 
to push Matters against him with the utmost Severity, 
and immediately commit him; wherefore in great Ten- 
derness, they allowed him till to-morrow to get what Se- 
curity he could. 

Wednesday. In Conference with Mr. Jones this Day, ». 
about the Affair of sending off to the Trust so many of 
the Accompts as had passed Examination; I found him, 
I thought, a little doubtful in himself concerning it, 
whether or not we ought to send them in such a Manner 
by piece-meal, or defer it a little longer, till the whole 
List of Debts sent us by the Trustees, to be examined 
and looked carefully into, could be perfected; which it 
was to be hoped in Time we might see an End of: But 
as to Messieurs Causton and Bradley's Accounts, he 
plainly told me, he almost despaired of getting to the 
Bottom of either. And if he had such Thoughts of his 
own Inability in such Work, much more Reason was 
there for me to think so of mine, who never pretended 
to judge of Accompts, which were so intricate especially: 
But my Opinion was, that it was incumbent on us to send 
what was ready, that thereby the Trustees might see, and 
make some Judgment of what we had done; and to 
hasten forward the Remainder as fast as we were capa- 
ble: Moreover I told him, that I had deferred writing a 
pretty while longer than usual, which I could offer no 
Excuse for, excepting my great Desire, that another 
Letter might not go from me unaccompanied with some 
of those Accounts, which had been fully looked into: 

82 c r— ▼ 4 



498 COLONIAL BECOBDS. 

And he promised me it should be ready some Time next ^njo^ 
Week, to take out of the Clerk's Hands. Mr. Bradley Jwg*^ 
failed in getting Security this Day, as was ordered; and 
it was to be feared, another Day's Indulgence on that 
Occasion would produce nothing better; which I was 
sorry to see. 

Thursday. Since it so happened, that Mr. Whitfield 24. 
was mistaken in his £xpe<5lations on last Thursday^ in 
the Manner I then noted; at his Request I went with him 
and Mr. Habersham, attended by two or three more of 
those who followed him hither, to see what he had begun 
to do on the five hundred Acres, and to know whether 
any Means could immediately be used for giving him 
Possession; which he appeared very uneasy at, to find 
any Delay; telling me, that as the Trust had recommended 
him to me to see it done, he would apply no where else: 
In Answer to which, I told him I was ready to attend 
him this Day, and any other that he should ask, and 
would readily do the Thing required; but his own Agent 
Mr. Habersham, by the precipitate Measures he had 
taken, had put it out of my Power to do it instantly: For 
as Mr. Habersham had obtained a Grant of that partic- 
ular'd Land from the General, which I knew nothing of, 
till the General himself ordered a Warrant to be made 
out, for giving Possession of that Tra6l to Mr. Haber- 
sham; which Warrant the General signed; who shall 
dare take npon them, of those that serve the Trust, to 
make void that A61 of his, but he himself ? who un- 
doubtedly would set all right, as the Trust intended it, 
as soon as he is informed truly of the Case. This Ar- 
gument (however) did not so satisfy, but that Mr. Whit- 
field shewed plainly he was uneasy : Wherefore, to give him 
all the Satisfaction I could, I proposed it to him, that 
his Friend Habersham might make a Surrender to him 
of all that Tradl of Land for the Uses intended, resign- 
ing thereby all the Right, Title, and Property, which he 
has, or ever had in the same; which I would be present 



COLONIAL BECOBDS. 499 

at, and ready to testify: Accordingly when we came ^J^ 
there, Mr. Habersham did so in Form, delivering to Mr. January 
Whitfield a small Shrub, which he plucked up, and there- 
with declaring, that he surrendered all his Right, &c. in 
those Lands, to him, for the 'Purpose intended: Which 
though I knew could not be deemed taking a legal Posses- 
sion, forasmuch as no Surrender of any Lands (as I ap- 
prehend) can be made to another Person, without being 
authorized by the Trust, or some Person to whom such 
Power is delegated; yet they appeared content with it 
for the present; and I had only farther to observe, that I 
found the new-intended Work already carrying on with 
a good Number of Hands, Artificers and Labourers; 
which Mr. Whitfield not thinking yet sufficient, he was 
sending for Men out of other Provinces, to hasten it as 
fast as possible. In our Way home, falling into some 
Talk of the ill Success our Attempt met with on Mon- 
day last, in getting Presentments from the Grand Jury, 
against such Men as were become scandalous for their 
Debauchery; I understood Mr. Christie had been with 
him, and promised him to put away his House-keeper 
(as he called her) that there might be no farther Occa- 
sion of Scandal; insinuating, that those Reports which 
were spread of him, were very injurious, and without 
any real Foundation: But I fear rather his Guilt gave 
him Apprehensions, that Truth could not be withstood, 
when Proof could be produced, from more than one pos- 
itive Evidence, of his House-keeper and himself having 
only one Bed between them, which they made use of 
together for a long while, and were seen so to do by a 
Man and Boy Servant, who then lived with him. 

Friday. Mr. Whitfield, having at his first Coming. 25 
given Notice in Church, that he would Administer the 
Sacrament there constantly on all Sundays and Holidays; 
there was a Communion early at Morning Prayer, being 
the Festival of St. Paul. The Occurrences of the Day 



500 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

were no more than common, and therefore not worth ^I^ 
observing. •''"jg*'^ 

Saturday. The great Rains ceasing for some Days ««. 
past, a smart Frost succeeded, with a clear Sky, and 
pleasant Weather; but being attended with a fresh North- 
West Wind, it was piercing cold,* and Ice, which gen- 
erally goes off in the Day, returned at Nights with more 
than ordinary Rigour. These sudden Extreams of 
Weather, nevertheless, had no ill E£fe<Sl on the Inhabi- 
tants of this Place, which was never known more healthy, 
having scarpely one sick Person in it; nor did any Thing 
happen this Day deserving more Notice than the pre- 
cecding. Capt. Thompson now was expe<5led daily with 
his Ship from St. Simon's. 

Sunday. Mr. Whitfield called a Congregation again, 27. 
four Times, at the same Hours as on Sunday last; and in 
his Sermons before Noon and after, pursued the Do<5lrine 
of Justification and a New Birth. Capt. Thompson ar- 
rived at Tybee in the Evening, and came up in his Boat, 
late at Night, together with Lieutenant Horton, from 
Frederica; Mr. Horton having the General's Leave to go 
with Thompson for England; and to return again, after 
he has dispatched what Business calls him hence. 

Monday. A Boat was sent down to Cockspur to bring 28. 
up Capt. Heron, and Mr. Carteret, with their Ladies, 
who all came with Capt. Thompson from Frederica; and 
the Ladies were bound for England with him; and I 
allowed myself the Liberty of being pretty much with 
them this Day, where I had the Pleasure of hearing the 
whole Relation of the Manner wherein the General pro- 
ceeded, in his late Expedition against the Spanish Forts, 
on the River St. Juan's: One of which (it seems) was 
deserted by the Enemy, since the late Attempt against 
them; who judged it not tenable, in Case we returned 
with another Visit: But the other they defended with 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 601 

good Resolution, till our Forces played three or four n4o^ 
small Pieces of Cannon upon them; which going thro* •^*^*^^ 
and thro/ they sent out a Flag of Truce, in order to treat 
of surrendering; but the General would allow of no 
other Terms, than at .Discretion; which they were obliged 
to submit to: It was held only by twelve Men, but so 
fortified with Logs of Timber, as to be Proof against 
Musket-Shot; and he who commanded, told the General, 
that had he not brought Ordnance with him, he could 
have withstood any Attack that could be made, if there 
had been double the Number against him there was. The 
General caused some new Works of Fortification to be 
made, and left a Garison of thirty good Men, under a 
proper Officer, to defend it. This Fort is esteemed of 
great Consequence, as being a Pass where all must come, 
who would go to Augustin by Land, whether they are 
disa£fe<5led Indians out of the Nations, or runaway Ne- 
groes from Carolina; which is such a Benefit to that 
Province, that it is hoped they will contribute handsomely 
to strenghten the General's Hands, so as to enable him 
to put these Provinces out of all Danger from Augustin 
in Time coming; for nothing now stands in our Way 
thither, and it is currently talked, delenda est Carthago, 
Began my Letters to the Trust, but had not Time to 
finish them. 

Tuesday. Capt. Heron proceeded early to Charles- ». 
Town, on the Affairs which he was charged with from 
the General; and in the Afternoon Mr. Eyre took his 
Way. up the River in Pursuance of the General's Orders, 
making what speed he could to the Cherokee Nation of 
Indians; which the great Floods we had lately, forbad 
him to attempt, since his Arrival here the loth Instant, 
till now. Messieurs Horton and Carteret continued here 
with the Ladies, and probably might for a while, wait- 
ing the Time when Thompson would be ready to sail. 
A Boat being upon going to the South, it took me up 



602 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Part of this Day in writing Letters to the General and i^ 
others, and preparing several Papers to be sent. '*»^ 

Wednesday. From Mr. Whitfield's giving Notice in ». 
Church last Sunday, that this Day was to be publickly 
observed; it was expe<5led he would have officiated him- 
self; but he chose rather to visit his People at the new 
Settlement, leaving Mr. Norris to perform the Duty at 
Church, who read the appointed Service, and a Church 
Homily after it, against Rebellion: In the Evening Mr. 
Whitfield read the usual Prayers, and expounded on the 
second Lesson, as constantly at other Times; but took 
no Notice of any Part of the Service appointed for the 
Day; from whence every Body concluded he had no 
Regard to it. 

Thursday. I delivered my Letters, &c. this Morn- »- 
ing, which I had prepared on Tuesday, to the Care of 
Mr. Upton, who was going South in a Pettyagua of his 
own, which he had bought lately, and was now loaden 
mostly with Corn, for the Use of the CsLtnp and Gari- 
sons, under the Condu<5l of a proper Patroon; he him- 
self going as Supercargo, and carrying on a Traffick in 
various Commodities, betwixt Charles-Town, this Town, 
Frederica, &c. which has often been a Matter past my 
Comprehension to dive into, knowing him to have very 
little or no Fund of his own; and it must be not a tri- 
fling Sum, that can enable him to do what he does: The 
General (it is well known) has shown him Favours, since 
his quitting what he had in the Neighbourhood of Fred- 
erica; and given him the Grant of an Island called All- 
Honey, Midway betwixt this and that, where he purposes 
to keep a large Stock of Cattle, Hogs, &c. which must 
require also a Purse, at first setting out; but whence that 
comes, may possibly be better known hereafter, than at 
present: In the mean while that Mr. Upton has the good 
Fortune to find such good Aid, he is certainly not to be 
blamed for making as good Use of it as he can: People 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 603 

very often advance their Fortunes by joining with an ^n«^ 
able Partner. The Day produced nothing material re- Janj^nr 
lating to the Publick. 

Friday. This being the Anniversary Day of the Col- February 
ony's first Landing here, under the Condudl of James 
Oglethorpe, Esq; the Gunner asked me whether or not 
he should fire any Guns, as had been formerly accus- 
tomed; to which Mr. Jones (then with me) answered, 
no; but I was of a different Opinion, and thought the An- 
swer would more properly have come from me, as the 
General had left the Command of all the Militia with 
me, in his Absence; Who when here last, told us, tliat 
now in Time of War, Powder ought not to be wasted in 
needless Salutes, &c. Upon which Mr. Jones made that 
the Foundation of his Opinion^ calling it a Saving; which 
I had before shewn a particular Regard to, by divers Re- 
stridlions made, where I thought it proper; which would be 
found Savings indeed, worth Notice; but to shew a Con- 
tempt of this Day, by such a poor Pretence, which in Effedl 
was a bad Compliment to the General himself too, I thought 
a mean Adl, and might carry such a Reflexion, as could 
not easily be justified: Therefore the least I could do, 
was to order five Guns to be fired; which I did, as a 
Memorial; hoping that Ages to come will celebrate this 
Day annually here, in a better Manner. In the Evening 
a seledl Company of such as had Confidence in one an- 
other's sincere Disposition towards promoting the Col- 
ony's Welfare, met, and took a chearful Glass to its 
Founders, Protedlors, and Benefadlors Healths, Mes- 
sieurs Carteret and Horton (now in Town) joining us; 
and nothing appeared among us but Love and Good- 
humour. 

Saturday. After the Fore-part of the Day spent with 2. 
my Pen and Ink at home, the Remainder of it I dedi- 
cated to Improvement of Land; and having now most 
of my Strength employed upon my five hundred Acres, 



604 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

unwilling nevertheless to throw up what I had been do- i740. 
ingfor two Years past nearer home, I resolved to try what February 
I could do with one Hand, upon the five-Acre Lot, which 
was pcrfedlly cleared, but had made a very poor Return 
hitherto, for the Labour and Cost bestowed upon it: My 
Design now being to dress and cultivate such Parts of 
it, as I hoped for any Benefit from, and by Degrees to 
make an Orchard of it all, consisting chiefly of Mulber- 
ries; whereof I had already planted a pretty many the 
last two Years, and now was preparing a good Number 
more for the present Season. In this Amusement I 
passed away a few Hours and returned home as Night 
came on. 

Sunday. Mr. Whitfield performed the divine Office s. 
as before; but being taken with a sudden Disorder upon 
me, during the Service at Eleven, I was obliged to go 
out of Church home; where, after a few Hours, with a 
little Help of warm Things inwardly applied, I quickly 
found Relief; and at the Seven a Clock Evening LecSlure, 
I went again, having never yet been there; when the 
Work he took in Hand, was expounding on a Chapter in 
St. John's Gospel; and, indeed, he did it, I thought, with 
great Perspicuity; but when he came towards a Con- 
clusion, he could not shut up without a Touch on his 
darling Topick of Regeneration, which must spring from 
a vital Principle in the Heart, infused by the Holy 
Spirit; till which is made sure to us, we are all in a 
State of Damnation: And the Way to attain this, is by 
strong Faith, without Regard to good Works; which 
will occasion great Pangs in the New Birth; and when 
by struggling with God in Prayer, we have obtained his 
Grace, we shall find the Holy Spirit sensibly moving 
upon our Hearts, as it did upon the Face of the Waters: 
Which if any one denies, in plain he told us he lied; for 
that the Warmth of the Spirit was as sensibly felt, as 
the Beams of the Sun upon our Bodies: But this, he 
said, was a DocSlrine which very few of our modern 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 505 

Clergy approved of; whom he inveighed against terribly, ^njo^ 
as slothful Shepherds, dumb Dogs, &c. who led their February 
People dreaming on in a carnal Security to Dcstrudlion; 
and that he was firmly persuaded in himself, very few 
great and rich Men, and as few of our learned Dodlors, 
foi* an Age and more past, could ever see Heaven; 
among whom, the Author of the Whole Duty of Man, 
he verily believed, had sent Thousands to Hell: Then 
he exhorted such of his Hearers as were true Converts, 
to be on their Guard against all Temptations, which 
they must surely expedl, to try them, whether or not 
they were steadfast; telling them they must meet with 
Contempt and Derision, on their thus setting out on their 
Way to Glory; and by and by Persecution would follow: 
For Men in high Places would be offended at all Oppo- 
sition made to their Delusions, and then we might ex- 
pe<Sl undoubtedly it was at hand. These Things were 
very shocking to many People, who were otherwise well 
disposed. 

Monday. The Court sat again, as per Adjournment; *. 
dispatched some little Affairs, and farther adjourned to 
the 22d Instant, not finding any Means to revive what 
they were disappointed in at their last Meeting; Some 
little Good, however, came to pass, if true what was 
said, that Mr. Christie in the Fright, put off his House- 
keeper. In the Afternoon the Magistrates and Mr. 
Whitfield (by their Appointment) met at my House, to 
consider of the Orphans Affair; when Mr. Jenkins, the 
only surviving Trustee, shewed a great Desire he had to 
be quit of that Business, as he had indeed desired many 
Times before; and now upon Mr. Whitfield's telling him, 
that he was"^ ready to take all that Trouble off his 
Hands; he promised to bring, and deliver into his Care, all 
that he had been accountable for, to-morrow; from which 
Time Mr. Whitfield engaged to free him from account- 
ing any farther, and his Accounts hitherto were to be 
looked into as the Court should direcSl. During this 



606 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Convention, in discoursing on the Subject-Matter ot iwo^ 
their Meeting, a little Disputation arose betwixt Mr. F«bru»ry 
Whitfield, and Mr. Parker, who had two Orphan-Boys 
with him (their Name was Tondee) the eldest of which 
being a well-grown Lad of fifteen or sixteen Years of 
Age, Mr. Parker said, he thought it would be a great 
Hardship to have that Boy taken from him, now he is 
grown capable of doing him some Service, after living 
so long with him when he could do him none: To which 
Mr. Whitfield said, that the Boy would be so much the 
better for him and his Purpose, as he could be employed 
for the Benefit of the other Orphans: But Parker took 
that to be no Answer, to what he thought himself ag- 
grieved in, and showed a little more Warmth than I 
thought seasonable at that Time; which I blamed him 
for: His Argument was, that where the Child was taken 
Care of as he ought, by a good Master (which the Magis- 
trates might judge of) and without any Charge to the 
Trust; he did suppose such a Boy not to be reckoned 
an Orphan that Mr. Whitfield was entitled to by the 
Trust: Mr. Whitfield then produced the Deed he had 
from the Trust; which was the first Time I had seen it, 
though I observed my own Name to be mentioned in it 
for divers Purposes. But enough of that. 

Tuesday. Nothing of any Consequence occurred §. 
this Day, Wrote to the General by George Cuthbert. 

Wednesday. Capt. * Thompson's Ship having been «. 
detained at Cockspur ever since the 27th past by con- 
trary Winds, came up this Day, in order to deliver what 
remained in her, of such Things as, per Advices I re- 
ceived, were designed for this Place; which I had heard 
nothing more of since my being on board at Tybee the 
Beginning of OcSlobcr last: And we would make no De- 
lay now in clearing the Ship, that she might return home 
again, which was intended diredlly from this Place, where 
she would find a Loading of Rice from the neighboring 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 507 

Plantations in Carolina, without going to Charles-Town, rm^ 
Having some Notice, that there was Itke to be a thin rei>r«»nr 
Guard this Evening, I went about Bed-Time to look into 
it, and found it so indeed, scarce half the Number upon 
Duty that ought to be: Which was such a Negledl, as 
gave me much Disturbance in my Mmd, and I chiefly 
imputed it to the Advantage they took, of our having 
but one Constable at present to adl, since Potter's going 
off (viz. Mercer) who was vigilant, whenever he could 
be so; but by reason of his new Plantation at a Distance, 
must necessarily be out of Town sometimes, or it would 
come to nothing: So that I was every Day in hopes of 
receiving from the General, a Constitution of another 
Constable, which by taking their Turn, would make it 
easy for them both. I could at present only give it in * 
stridl Charge to the Tything-man, to see and keep a 
good Look-out, with those Men he had; and to make a 
particular Report to me to-morrow Morning of all that 
happened: And it was incumbent on me to use all Means, 
pleasing or displeasing, that might oblige all Persons to 
perform that fundamental Duty required upon Guard, 
which was so essential to the common Safety of all. 
While I was at the Guard, a Scout-Boat from Frederica. 
as the Officer told me, arrived, whom I sent to enquire; 
and he farther acquainted me, that the Patroon was gone 
with Letters to Mr. Jones; but if he had any for me, 
I believed he would think to-morrow Morning Time 
enough to deliver them: Such was the Custom, and such 
the Difference. 

Thursday. As I imagined, so it was: About Eight t. 
this Morning, the Master of the Scout-Boat gave me a 
Letter from the General; wherein, among other Things, 
he was pleased to give a particular, and very pleasing 
Detail, of his late Proceedings against the Enemy, de- 
scribing the Situation of all those Parts near Augustin, 
with the several Forts, most of which had been aban- 
doned; but one which he had attacked and taken, was 



508 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

of very great Importance to secure a Pass there, which rm^ 
would prevent any Annoyance from the Spaniards upon reijruary 
the Back of this Colony: He moreover ordered a De- 
scription to be sent me, of the Fortification of the Town 
and Castle of Augustin, and the Strength of the Garison, 
how many and what Troops they consisted of: All which 
I could communicate with Delight to such as wished to 
hear it. Spent the Day in frequent Conference with 
Mr. Jones, tending to hasten on the Accompts. 

Friday. Met the Magistrates at Breakfast with Mr. s. 
Whitfield, by his Desire; where the Affair of the Or- 
phans was again resumed; and two or three of such as 
had any in their Keeping, having shewn an Unwilling- 
ness to deliver up those who were now grown up pretty 
well in Years, and therefore capable of doing them good 
Service, especially as the planting Season was coming 
on; it was the Opinion of all present, upon having Re- 
course again to the Trust's Deed to Mr. Whitfield, that 
there was not any Exception made; but all Orphans 
were included, who either were, or had been, chargeable 
to the Trust: One Exception only was allowed, nem.con. 
nevertheless, to be just; and that was in the Case of one 
Little, an Orphan, under the Care of Samuel Mercer 
(Constable) who having a particular Friendship for the 
Father, and seeing the Child in bad Hands, by Leave 
of the Magistrates at that Time, took him into his 
Keeping; and though he was very young, promised he 
should be a Charge to nobody; wherein he has not only 
kept his Word, but having no other Children, besides 
what came with his Wife, who was a Widow; he has 
taken the same Care of him as of a Son; and from a Cow 
and Calf which the Child had at his Parents Death, he 
has seen them so well looked after, that from the In- 
crease which he has in a few Years past, probably before 
he comes to Man's Estate (and he is yet not morcj than 
eight or nine Years old) he may be looked on as a Man 
of good Substance to begin the World, and make no 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 609 

contemptible Freeholder: This, therefore, all agreed to mo. 

be a singular Case, and fit to remain as it was. In the February 

Afternoon arrived Peter Emery, in a trading Boat, bound 

for Augusta from Charles-Town, whereof he was Patroon, 

and brought with him a Letter from Mr. Hopton, dated 

the 1st Instant, and enclosing several Letters thence to 

the General; among which one from himself: With this 

he also sent a Box for the General, which I took Notice 

of in my Notes of the 26th of December, and which he 

had attempted to send to St. Simon's by the Tartar; but 

that Ship being driven back to Charles-Town by foul 

Weather, he now took this Opportunity of sending it to 

me thus, to be forwarded from hence. 

Saturday. Samuel Lacy being ready to sail for 9. 
Charles-Town, with his Pettyagua, I was glad to send 
my Packet and Letters by him, dated so long since as 
the 28th of January; and to accompany it, I sent one 
other Packet also from Mr. Christie, which he had left 
to my Care; writing at the same Time to Mr. Hopton, 
to forward them per first Opportunity for London. 
Wrote Letters to the South, and enclosed several to the 
General, which had come to my Hands since the 5th, 
when I wrote by George Cuthbert, intending to send 
these off by the Scout-Boat that came hither from thence 
on last Thursday, and was to return on Monday. Mr. 
Parker, I understood, had delivered up Tondee the Or- 
phan to Mr. Whitfield's Care, which he did, he said, lest 
the Trustees should be offended at him more and 
more; but complained, that it was a great Loss and Dis- 
appointment to him; as indeed it must be in his plant- 
ing, to be deprived of the Benefit of such an Youth's 
Labour, now grown to a good Stature, so as to do con- 
stant Guard-Duty for his own Lot. (Vtd. Feb. 4.) 

Sunday. Mr. Whitfield took Care that the Day should 10. 
be duly observed, by performing Divine Service four 
Times, as before; and with great Vehemence, which some 



510 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

call Power, inforccd his Dodlrinc of Justification by "^ 
Faith, which good Works would follow of course; seem- i'«bro»»T 
ing determined to lay down this, as a Foundation for 
Christians to rest on; and therefore allowed himself lit- 
tle Variation in handling his SubjeA, which he most 
solemnly pronounced to be so essentially necessary to 
Salvation, that without a firm Belief in its Truth, no 
Person ought to make use of the Lord's Prayer, and call 
God his Father, when he was undoubtedly a Child of the 
Devil. From henceforth I resolved not to turn Obser- 
vator, or be at any Pains in endeavouring to colledl 
what possibly in his Warmth might sometimes drop 
from him: Nevertheless I should still think it my duty to 
attend the publick Worship, whatever my Sentiments 
were of the Preacher: But I feared every Body would not 
be of the like Mind. 

Monday. Samuel Ls^cy went not for Charles-Town u. 
till this Morning early, to whose Care I had delivered my 
Packets for England: And this Afternoon I delivered my 
Letters for the General, to John Latter, Master of the 
Scout-Boat, together with the Box that I received on 
Friday by Peter Emery; the Boat being to set off this 
Evening: Which Mr. Whitfield made a seasonable Use 
of, having it lately in his Thoughts, to go and pay his 
Respedls to the General at Frederica: Wherefore he rode 
to his new Plantation, where the Orphan-House was 
building, intending to stay and rest this Night among 
his Workmen, there, or thereabout; in that Neighbour- 
hood, probably at Mr. Burnside's; where the Scout-Boat, 
that was to go round, might take him in to-morrow Morn- 
ing. This being the right Season for planting Mulber- 
ries, wherein the General had given me DirecSlion to de- 
liver out of the publick Garden what Seedlings or Suck- 
ers could be had thence this Year, to all such as I judged 
would make a good Use of them; I made that my Em- 
ployment good Part of this Day. 



COLONIAL RECOBDS. 511 

Tuesday. After little more than a Month past, since ^^ 
Capt. Davis went out a privateering with two Vessels i'«i>ro»'y 
(vide Jan. 3.) they were now both returned to Cockspur, 
and the two Commanders come to Town again, in order 
to get their Ships refitted, having been terribly buffeted 
in a long Continuance of bad Weather, which drove 
them quite off the Coast, more than one hundred and 
fifty Leagues; so that their Sails and Rigging were 
utterly ruined; and for want of able Sailors, they were 
almost out of all Hopfes of getting into Harbour again, 
having not found Men to add to their Strength, since 
they went so weakly out; and it may be supposed our 
two brave Officers, Potter and Foster (who not content 
with the Station they were in, imagined they should soon 
become great Men) have taken a Surfeit of going to seek 
their Fortunes at Sea, which we may soon expedl they 
will confess: At the same Time it is to be feared, that 
unless some Means can soon be found of getting able 
Men, to carry on such an Enterprise, it cannot be to 
good Effedl. 

Wednesday. Scarce any Thing to observe. Capt. ij, 
Mcintosh from Palachocolas arrived, on his Way to the 
General in the South, in order to clear his Accompts, 
and take his Leave of these Parts, after several Years 
Continuance, purposing to take the first Opportunity of 
going for his native Country in North Britain, upon Ad- 
vice he had received, that his Brother the Chieftain of 
that Clan was dead, or near dying; and whom, as next 
Heir, he was to succeed in Title and Estate. Wrote 
Letters to the South, to the General, Mr. Hawkins, &c. 
and inclosed several which I had lately received for the 
General. In the Night arrived Jacob Matthews from the 
Altamaha, where he and his Wife were settled far up in 
that Country, by the General's Approbation, to keep a 
Store; and he was now come to spend a few Days at 
their former Habitation on this River, and then to return 
again. 



512 COLONIAL RECORDS. 

Thursday. Capt. Mcintosh going off this Morning "40. 
for Frederica, I sent my Letters by him, which I had Febmary 
prepared Yesterday; and attended Mr. Jones good Part 
of the Day in getting forward the Accounts; as indeed 
most other Days, what spare Time I had from other in- 
dispensable Business, was that Way employed; that we 
might be ready against Capt. Thompson sailed, to send 
what was possible for us to do, wherein he could not al- 
ways be alike intent. In the Afternoon he came to me 
under a great Disorder of Mind, complaining of a most 
outrageous Insult made upon him at the Stores by Jacob 
Matthews: Who having been among our incendiary Gen- 
tlemen at Jenkins's (which is the Company that he al- 
ways kept, when in Town formerly, and Robert Wil- 
liams, and he, the Tailfer, were never long asunder) he 
got very drunk, and it is too probable was spurred on 
now, by those continual Mischief-makers, to do some 
Exploit, that might shew what he dared; and (as Mr. 

Jones told me) it was in this Manner. At first he 

picked a Quarrel with one of the Trust's Servants, who 
was attending a Waggon drawn by Oxen, for the publick 
Work; asking him how he dared to drive his Oxen? 
and, without farther Words, knocked him down with his 
Fist; when Mr. Jones, being near, interposed, and asked 
him what he meant, by thus abusing a Servant of the 
Trust, who he was bound to protecSl? telling him, he 
must expedl to answer it in another Place: Whereat 
Matthews, cursing and swearing, told him he would beat 
him too; and immediately coming at him, in Spite of 
two or three wi.th-holding him, gave him a Blow in the 
Face, and a Kick in the Belly: After which he was hud- 
dled away by some of his Friends, put into his Boat, 
and so sent off to his Dwelling up the River. Enquiring 
of Mr. Jones what Pretence Matthews had to call the 
Oxen his; he informed me, that those Oxen were as- 
signed by the General for common Draught, to the Care 
of John Mellidge, a young Fellow, Son to one of them 
that came first over; who being a diligent Youth, the 



COLONIAL RECORDS. 613 

General had, among other Marks of his Favour, given nja 
him this farther Encouragement; and the better to be February 
assured of the Use of those Oxen, Mellidge had branded 
them with the two first Letters of his Name, J. M. which 
Matthews now said was Jacob Matthews; though he 
knew most undoubtedly they were not of his branding. 
It is most likely the Venom lay next his Heart, ever 
since the former Dispute about Cattle; when he thought 
a scandalous Aspersion was cast at him, and his Friend 
Williams, by Mr. Jones, which he kept in Memory {vid. 
April 23.) but whoever was in the Right then, it is cer- 
tain that Matthews was much in the Wrong now. In the 
Afternoon arrived Mr. Cadogan (Ensign) from Charles- 
Town, where he had been sent some Time since, with 
divers Dispatches to the Governor, Council, &c. demand- 
ing some Aid from them against the Spaniards; on which 
Occasion Capt. Heron also followed him (as noted Jan. 
29.) and M