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3 1833 01794 0948 










Compiler of Records 


Compiler of Records 

VOLUiML 22. 
Part II. 





Atlanta, Ga. 

Chas. p. Bykd, State Printer. 


F847, 3^ 


Wm. Stephens to Harman Verelst. 

(Prom B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

A\^^. Stephens to Harman Verelst, Acco"^^^'^. 
Recei\t:d 16 March 1738, a Personal Letter 
Setting Forth Certain Complaints. These. 

[Red 1 

■ Wax i 

i 1721551 

_ Seal J 

Savannali 3^ Jan. 173 8/9 

Give me leave (Good Sir) to crave your 
patience in a separate letter, whilst yon read a 
few lines, w*". Necessity extorts from me un- This letter, 
willinglv; & which I could have no confidence character/ 

written un- 

to offer to you, were I not perswaded in my wiiiingiy. 
self, y^ by your own adoption I am allowd to 
esteem you my Eeal Friend. "Without farther 
Preface therefore, I lay open to your A^iew the 
present Situation I find myself in, together with 
my Son. 

Twould be impertinent in me to recapitulate 
to you the Terms I embarkd on, in the Service 
of the honourable Trust: 'tis the mistaken 
Foundation of what I was to trust to, that re- 
quires such an explication as experience has Grateful 
too plainly shewn ought to be set in a true favors ° 

T -I i T n ' shown by 

lignt. I must first with a gratefull Sense of tels.'^''"^' 
the Favour of the honourable Trusftees, ac- 
knowledge the Benefit I rec**, from what they 
were so good to gi-ant for my Outsett ; whereby 
I was enabled with Spirit to proceed as I have 
done, and (without vanity I hope I may say) 
she^vn what might be expected from the labour 


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"Wm. Stephens to Harman Verelst. 

set forth. 

of Ser\'aDts, if well lookd after; provided they 
kept their healths. The Servants which I had, 
you'll please to remember, were estimated to 
me at £15 p an. each, w"*" upon supposition 
they were 10, must amount to £150 : This had 
indeed an engaging aspect. Now let us see the 
winding up of the last year, & w* it produced. 
I may venture to say, y* what was possible for 
us to do was done; and our application to it, 
for examples sake, was such, as f'3-w, if any, 
have ever equalld: we felld and laid open 15 
acres of strong Timber land, which we after- 
wards cultivated, t^: planted w"' Indian Com, 
Rice, Potato's, &c in due Season. Ha\Tng no 
Lot of 500 acres run out for myself, in pursu- 
ance of their Honours Grant; and being de- 
sirous of having Gen". Oglethorpes Opinion & 
advice in it when he came ; I went to work upon 
a Tovna. Lot of 5 & 45 acres for the Benefit of a 
Son in Law of mine, in whose name 'twas taken 
up, when M''. Oglethorpe was here last time. 
The land was found to be as good as I could 
reasonably expect, & great hopes we conceivd 
of a good recompense for our pains : but in- 
stead of that, behold what f ollowd : nothing but 
Disappointments. As soon as the Summer 
Heats came on, our Servants grew sickly w*^. 
Servants Fcavcrs ; 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6 down at a time; one 
ftvlr. un- of the very best died; and as it went round 

able to ■ 

work crops, auioug 'cm, wc could rarely, or scarce ever, 
since May last, have any good use from among 
'em all: for those who recover 'd in appearance, 
never yet regaind their Strength, but have been 
continually relapsing; and are become so dis- 

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Wm. Stephens to Harman Verelst. 

pirited, partly thro' the Effect of their long 
illness, & partly thro' a natural laziness, y* 
most of 'em are no better than Cj^hers, & 2 
or 3 only of 'em are fit for labour yet ; neither gome no 
can we foresee when such a stubborn Distem- cyphers. 
per, joyned with a stubborn Will, may be eradi- 
cated. Add to all this the Doctors Bill, for 
Medicines & long attendance ; w'^ for one year 
comes to near £20; and out of what am I to 
pay it? for in the next place, a Calamity has 
overtaken us, w^*" is common to all others here- 
about; namely our Expectations miserably de- 
feated, by the failure of a Crop; occasion 'd 
thro' such a Drought last Spring as in several 
years has not been seen here; besides the ^^^^ 
Colony being supplyd w'*^ such Seed for plant- f^^^fht m 
ing, as experience has too plainly shewn was ^^'^' 
not good: so y^ generally speaking, tis agreed 
by all, 3 parts in 4 are fallen short, of what 
was computed might have been gatherd in at 
Harvest. The expence moreover of cloathing 
these Servants, I presume need not be named. 
These Articles are surely sufficient to blast our 
hopes of subsisting, in the way we are at pres- 
ent. But to compleat this Gloom; since our 
Generals arrival here in Oct"" last, & what fol- 
lowd upon his laying open the miserable Cir- pHvations 
cumstances the Colonv was under; it cannot f?in| th^x' 

* . Spanish 

but be shocking to men of the best Dispositions, threats. 
when Want stares us in the face, far more terri- 
iying than any Spanish Threats. The Estimate 
which the honourable Trustees were pleased to 
send for y* expences of the current Year, even 
so abridged as it was; by the next letters from 

V «'; 

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'1 ( 

Colonial Kecords 

Wm. Stephens to Harman Verelst. 

them we were ad\4sed could not be complyd 
KiTcouid' with: so that now I really know not what to 

not be com- ... , , -i i i 

plied with. say_ Twould be injurious not to acknowledge, 
y» hitherto thro' the Generals Favour, I have 
had such Supplys deliverd me out of the Stores 
by M^ Jones, as have been a Support to us ; & 
the product of the Land I compute will be tan- 
tamount to what Bread kind we shall spend, or 
perhaps more, y^ whole quantity not being yet 
cleansed; I can't speak of it with certainty; 
but you need not be told y' Food alone, without 
other necessary conveniencys of Life, must 
leave a man in a comfortless State; & I am 

Inability to /» • i, 

Je^ Anders sure 'twas never meant to fix me m such an 
teSp?ible. one as to render me contemptible, & thereby 
defeat the Intent of my Service. It were easy 
to harangue on such a Theme; but twould ap- 
pear very weak in me, to imagine any more 
words wanting, the better to elucidate what I 
mean. Tis my hearty desire to spend w* time 
I have left me in Life, usefully to the Publick, 
if I may be enabled so to do : and having said 
That; I must humbly submit the consideration 
of it to those honourable persons, who are the 
proper Judges how far I may be usefull. My 
hfs^^on':''' Son, who is a sober young man, / has been 
I c^'urb^rath- gome vears emplovd in Book keeping &c, & in 

er than a " '^ ' • • i i -rtr i j 

^P"""- a promising way of advancing m the World; 

affectionately chose to quit such Views as he 
had at that time when I engaged in the Service 
I am ; and to attend his Fathers Fate : during 
the time of his being here, he has shewn himself 
indefatigable in promoting w' we came to do; 
and often with such a Spirit, even in bodily 

ay (■ V 


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"Wm. Stephens to Harman Verelst. 

labour, for whole days togetlier, that I have 
often thought a Curb more wanting y° a Spur; 
fearing such extremitys : & now, to find so un- 
expected a Turn of Affairs here, it cuts him to 
the heart; under sad apprehensions of future 
Misery; w"^ I endeavour all I can to banish gl^si^PP'^jf 
from his thoughts; most assuredly believing, y* misery. 
none who have acted an honest & diligent part 
under the Trust, will be left exposed to Severi- 
tys. Such ought rather to expect it, who in 
these times of Difficulty, instead of uniting to 
allay the present Discomposures, have joynd in 
stirring up Discontents to that degree, y* I 
might as well hope to ass wage the raging of 
the Sea, as the Madness of the People. No, 
nothing y' can happen will ever divert me from 
doing my utmost in the execution of what I am 
charged with; & I make no doubt but a little mduiged of 

^ - better con- 

time will open another Scene to us that we may 'iitions. 

view with Comfort. When the General left us 
last, upon seeing w' Straits I was in, he was 
pleased to tell MT. Jones, y' he should assist me 
w'** such necessary Cash as I wanted for a pres- 
ent Supply; who in about 6 weeks after, brought 
me 50 shillings : in the like manner M"". Causton, 
so long since as in Aug\ last, after my often 
asking him for a little in part of what remaind 
due to me of the £50 appointed by the Trustees, 
when I should demand it; was pleased in an 
ignominious manner (as I thought it) to send 
me in a Bag upon a mans head £5 ster. in Cop- ^r. cau^s^- 
per, alledging y^ he had neither Sola Bills, nor ^""5^^'''^'^- 
anv other Coin. These thing's cannot but grate 
sorely; & I hope I may be allowd to say so 

-K^yiyl .ft I<; ' 

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"Wm. Stephens to Harman Verelst. 

Desires a 
hearing be- 
fore the 




No where- 
Tvith in 

without being thought petulant : To be oblidged 
to bow down, & crouch in such a manner like a 
Mumper, is acknowledging such a Superiority 
as I never knew whom twas derived from; & 
am far from pretending to assume any thing 
like it, to my self; but glad when any occasion 
offers, wherein I am thought worthy of joyning 
in consultation for the common Good. Not to 
tire you farther — S"" I must recommend it to 
your prudence, at what time & in w* manner to 
offer these things to the consideration of the 
honourable Trustees ; to whose good Judgment, 
Candour, & Benevolence I most readily submit 
my self always. 

The General went South the last time from 
hence on the 12*^ of Nov*"" : since which we have 
not seen him: but upon the melanchoUy News 
of our Dear Friend Collonel Horseys death, I 
wrote acquainting him y' I had rec^ letters from 
both you and M^ Sam" Horsey, directing me 
to do the Office of a Friend, in applying prop- 
erly in behalf of the Family, for obtaining the 
Fees & perquisites w'^^ are customarily paid, 
from the death of a preceding to a succeeding 
Governour: that I had a letter of Attorney for 
that purpose, w*^ other necessary papers; but 
was directed to conduct my self under his In- 
structions wholly therein; wherefore I hoped 
for his good advice and assistance, & should 
wait his Commands, Szc. How grievous to me 
may you then imagine it, in so long time to have 
rec*^ no Directions touching it when I cannot 
justify my going without his appointment; nor, 
if I could do that, have I wherewith in my 

5 < 

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Jno. McLeod to Society for Propagating Christian Knowledge. 

pockett to defray tlie necessary expence of 
Travel, till he supplys that Want. This is not 
doing Service to my deceased Friends Family, 
with y^ dispatch I would: but as we are every 
day now expecting the General here; I am in 
hopes of writing to Cap^ Horsey himself in a 
short time something to better purpose. Please 
to make my sincere Respects acceptable to the 
Family. With my Wishes for a Happy new 
year to all my Friends, I remain 

Dear S'' / Your most humble & hearty Servant 

Will: Stephens 

My Son whom you were so good to remember 
in your late letter, desires to present his best 
Service to you. 

The enclosed letter directed to the Isle of 
Wight, youll be so kind to take care may be 
put safely into the General Post. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Part of a Letter from M^. John M^Leod Mis- 
sionary AT New Inverness in Georgia, to the 
Secretary of the Incorporated Society in 
Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowl- 
edge, Dated January 6'^^. 1738-9. 

''Your Letter, bearing Date the 8"" of July 

' ® '' Establish- 

"last came to my Hand some Days ago, by ™^^ ^j^^ 
''which, (as also by a Copy of a Minute Sign'd pr°o^^d. 
"by M'. Harman Verelst, Accomptant to the 


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Colonial Eecords 

Jno. McLeod to Society for Propagating Christian Knowledge. 

'Hon^'". Trustees for establishing the Colony 
'of Georgia you sent inclosed,) I understand 
'the Society is willing to contribute to the 
'Establishment of a fix'd Missionary here, tho' 
'they can't at present go So great a Length 
'that way as the Case requires, because their 
'Funds are much burden 'd by the Number of 
'Schools, S:c\ they maintain; but they would 
'ehearfuUy bestow a Sum not much exceeding 
'£20 Sterling, provided that would answer the 
'End together with what I might in time spare 
'& apply for Improving the Ground mention 'd 
'in the above Copy. In answer to which, I beg 
'leave S". to put you in mind that I propos'd 
'to the Society to Surrender the Ground allow 'd 
'me by the Trustees, upon Condition the Same 
'should be granted to my Successors in this 
'Mission, and that the Society would bestow 
'money to purchase Servants to cultivate it, for 
'the better Support of me & my Successors; 
'and I firmly adhere to it: But a Sum not 
'much exceeding £20 Sterling, would be in that 
'Shape, a poor assistance, tho' better than 
'None at all, to me; and of no great Advantage 
'to the next ^[issionary, Seing a Servant in- 
' dented for 3, or 4, years is not bought in this 
'Colony under £10 Sterl^; and two Such, tho' 
'they should outlive their Seasoning — Sickness, 
'would clear but very little Ground cover 'd 
"with Wood as close as it can grow! But if the 
'Society will bestow Money to purchase 4 Serv- 
'ants, (which indeed is a greater Number than 
'I would choose otherwise to be troubled with, 
'and yet SmnUer. Im afray'd, than can be ex- 

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Correspondence 11 

Jno. McLeod to Society for Propagating Christian Knowledge. 

"pected to answer the Design) I'm apt to think 
*'that in Process of time they would be of some 
''Assistance to me & my Successor, tho' he 
"should have no other Advantage by it but a 
''Title to possess Land conveniently Situated, 
"which will be worth Something, if the Colony 
"prospers; and it may be Supposed it will be 
"improv'd at least as much as the Sum to be 
" allow 'd by the Society will be sufficient for. 
"Yet after all, D'". S^ a Difficulty may ensue 
"which I did not think of when I made this 
"Proposition, Viz. as my Circumstances are so 
"narrow that I cant furnish Servants with 
"Vituals, Cloathing, Tools Szc. but by borrow- ^.j^^^^j^ 
"ing from my Neighbours in this or other Geor- tiots^^efc., 
"gia Settlements, who are all verv kind to me; from neigh- 
"and the Eeturns of Servants Labour in Culti- 

"vating Ground, will not in two, or hardly three 
"Years balance their Expeuces, tho' they should 
"all live in good Health. If my Master shall 
"be pleas 'd to call me out of the World before 
"Im able to pay this D«bt, I do not See how 
"Justice will be done to my Creditors, because 
"I don't expect to have Effects to leave Them; 
"They cant possess the Improvements or Serv- 
"ants on which their Money was laid out; for 
"Both belong to the Mission: If it be urg'd 
"that the improv'd Land may be continu'd with 
"the Creditors till they are paid. That will 
"not answer; for every one has, of his own, as 
"much Land as he can manage; and for the 
"Same IJeasou none will farm it. Perhaps None 
"will think the Mission should continue Vacant 
"till that Debt be paid; but that Remedy in 


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Colonial Records 

Jno. McLeod to Society for Propagating Chiristian Knowledge. 

'Hhis Part of the World, is worse than any 
*' Other ; for the poor Flock would either Starve, 
*'or stray without a Shepherd, among- ravenous 
**Woolves, unless the great Shepherd concern 
"himself in an extraordinary Manner in their 
** Cause! Wherefore I beg you'll be pleas 'd to 
''represent my Case to the Society, who, I'm 
"fully perswaded, will have a Fellow-Feeling 
" of it ; and I will, under Providence, be directed 
"by Them. 

"As for the Nature of the Eight I have to 
Request for "the Land, you may soon know it, because it is 

a grant of i ^ ^ 7 

land for 



asKed for 
300 acres 
of good 
land for 

no more than a Copy of the Letter sent by the 
"Trustees to the Society, before I left Edin- 
" burgh, purporting that they would allow me 
"personally, as Gen'. Oglethorpe understands 
"it, 300 Acres of Land; tho' in the Sign'd Copy 
"of the Minute formerly mention 'd, 50 Acres 
"only are spoke of, which may be imputed to 
"Forgetfulness, or a Neglect of looking to their 
"Minute of it: So you See the Soeiety may 
"judge which of the Two, whether the Sign'd 
"Copy of the Minute or that old Letter, they 
"are to abide by. But 'tis the Judgment of 
"Friends here that the Society ought to desire 
"of the Trustees a formal Grant on Vellom, 
"with the Trustees Seal to it, of 300 Acres, 
"where-ever any Person or persons the Society 
"will commission to that Effect, will choose 
"them, of the Laud not yet Survey 'd or pitch'd 
"upon, within twelve Miles of New Inverness, 
"in Darien, for I don't See how I, or my Suc- 
" cesser will be the Better for the Society's lay- 

^v irtOli Oi Jllsi'o 

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Correspondence 13 

Jno. McLeod to Society for Propagating Christian Knowledge. 

ing out Money on the Improvement of Poor 
Land, or incommodiously Situated, and that 
on a precarious Footing too ! And this Favour 
is no more than is usually allow 'd to Men of 
lesser Consequence in the Colony than a Mis- 
sionaiy. It being probable that the Condi- 
tions in the Sign'd Copy will be inserted in 
the Grant, I think the Word, Support, in the 
last Paragraph, should be left out if possible, 
because the Mission Land chosen as above, 
may possibly, together with the Constitution 
of the People, (who will, then or never, be 
able to give xVssistance) be a Sufficient Sup- 
port for the Missionary, 30 or 40 years hence ! 
"About ten Days ago I did myself the IIon^ 
of waiting on Gen'. Oglethorpe, who receiv'd 
me very civilly, as he always did, & was so 
good of his own Accord as to tell me he would 
order the Trustees Storekeepers to give me 
Credit for any Thing I Stood in need of, & 
the Stores could afford; for I know, Say he, 
your Paymasters are far off. Sometime after, 
I told him the Inconveniency our People 
labour 'd under by not having a Church; and 
his Answer was, that before he went for Eng- Funds for 

a church 

land, in Nov^ 1736, he left an Order, & small ^°f^'J^ 
Fund, to build a Church in our place, but that uon^wi^th 
Such Things fell out as Stopt it, and the Fund 
was otherwise employ 'd; aiid Since I came at 
this time to Georgia, Says he, upon Applica- 
tion, I cans' d a Carpenter draw a Plan of 
Specify'd Dimensions, d- ash'd what he could 
aff^ord to build Such a Piece of Work for, hut 
his Demand was So extravagant that I would 

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14 Colonial Records 

Jno. McLeod to Society for Propagating Christian Knowledge. 

''not answer it: I knew all this to be Fact. In 
"the mean time (continued he) I ivill bestow 
"out of my own Pocket upon building Some 
"Sort of a House to defend You S the people 
"from the Weather in time of Worship, 'till a 
"Fund be obtained in Some Shape or other, for 
"building you a Church. The Trustees, he said, 
"have two different Funds; one for religious 
"Uses, the other for peopling the Colony Sc^; 
"The first is to be employed in Supporting the 
"Church of England, consequently no part of it 
"can be employed in building a Presbyterian 
"Church: But a Woman dyed in Tower Street 
"in London, who left in her Will a disputable 
"Claim of Some Hundreds of Pounds SterP. 
"upon the East India Company, to be apply 'd 
"to the Use of the Presbyterian Church in Geor- 
in°"wm for " gia, & I put the Trustees in mind of this, tho' 

Presbyterian ...,.-, 

Church. tiicy have not done any thing in it hitherto. 

"Soon after, having pass'd the ordinary Com- 
'^plements, on his Excellency, I parted; & hum- 
*'bly think the Society ought to look into this 
'* Affair. I send the enclos'd Copy of the 
"Trustees Minute, in case there shall be use for 
"it. So, wishing God to protect & direct you, 

"I remain D^ S^ 

Y^ &c. 

Jn°. McLeod. 

New Inverness, in Darien, 
Georgia- Colony, Jan'"^ &^. 



u-y') viii^iih'ti) 

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Thos. Jones to General Oglethorpe. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Thomas Jones to General Oglethorpe Sent 
With the Gen^'^ Letter to the Trustees 
Eec^. 29 April 1739, GmNG a Short Ac- 
count of Certain Irregularities. 

Savannah Janry 14. 1738. 

It is with great reluctancy, that I interrupt 
you in those weighty affairs you are engaged in, 
and add to your Disquietude, But the just Re- 
gard I bear to your Honor & the Trustees Inter- 
ests; oblige me to trouble you w"" this Short 
Acco\ of Some Occurencies out of y^ many, that 
daily happen here. 

M''. Causton has at length contrived his Cash- ,, ^ 

'^ Mr. Caus- 

Accompt, (of w"^ I have a Copy) whereby he counV*^ 
makes the Trustees indebted to him in a Bal- 
lance of £780. He triumphs much thereat; I 
have looked into y® Acco^ & can, without exam- 
ining the Vouchers, discover: That for two 
Years last past Several Sums of mony are Said 
to be paid to persons as hy their Receipts. 
Whereas they received Xo Mony of him, but 
Effects out of the Store to that Value, And that 
not placed to their Acco^ nor any mention in 
their Books of those Effects being issued — Sev- 
eral Sums paid to others in discharge of his 
own Debts, to whom the Store was not indebted. 
He has given Draughts to others on persons 
(not indebted to the Trustees) w''" have been 


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16 Colonial Records 

Thos. Jones to General Oglethorpe. 

Others Im- 

protested; having obtaind a Receipt for those 
draughts as Cash; but will not repay the Mony. 

I am not so much Surprized at any thing of 
this nature that he has, or may undertake; But 
that others, who, I thought, to be men of Repu- 
pucated. tation and upright in their dealings should com- 
bine with him in the Same fraudulent Designs, 
has disturbed me greatly; Minis, Woodroffe, 
Brownfield &c. M^ Brownfield's demands on 
y* Trustees is greatly enhanced, Since y* Acco' 
given me of his Ballance in October; His going 
to Oxtead of late and tarrying there Several 
Nights ; And his joyning in the Representacon, 
contrary to his judgement, w*^ he had declared 
to me,— gave me a Jealousy, that the Conjunc- 
tion of such Opposites, portended some extra- 
ordinary Event. I examind M^ Brownlields 
Acco' (as in y^ Store Books) for One Year past; 
And found Several Sums of mony to y* Amount 
of near Seventy pounds, (within that time) 
charg'd to the Trustees Acco*, which by his 
Bills of parcells appeared to have been placed 
to M"". Causton's private Acco'. 

All the Sums before March last had been cer- 
tify 'd by 'M'. Causton, to have been delivered to 
the Store for Acco' of y« Trustees, (w-^^ Cer- 
tificate has been p''. in England). I took a Copy 
of the Certificate & went to M^ Brownfield, I 
Asked him, whom he made Debitor in his Books 
for those Sums of mony, lie told me, M"". Caus- 
ton, being goods he had Sent for to his Own 
Use, But M^ Causton had agreed, lately, to 
charge the Trustees with them I shewd him the 

-A •! 3 ; I ■\ 

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AM' 1 , 

\ .or) 

Correspondence 17 

Thos. Jones to General Oglethorpe. 

Copy of the Certificate, And asked, Whether he 
did not know (when he receiv'd it) that the Alle- 
gations therein were false, and that M'. Causton 
had therein certifyed a Manifest Falshood. He Mr. Brown- 

field ch&rK" 

reply 'd. The greatest part of the People who f^^j^^^^J^^j^^ 
has Dealings with ]\P. Causton, had done the £{,s\^« 
Same; I told him, That it was with Concern, I 
must charge him w^*" fraudulent and base Ac- 
tions, as well as Ingratitude; And that other 
people's being guilty of the Same fraudulent 
Contrivances was but a thin Subterfuge— That 
I should in Justice to y^ Trustees acquaint them 
w'** this Scene of Villany, — I do not pretend to 
remember exactly w' pass'd, being very much 

About the Same Sum of money is lately taken 
from M'. Caustons Debt to Minis & put to y* 

Last Sunday M^ Henry Parker with Seven 
or Eight of his new Confederates (the Scotch) Sng^°°' 
went to dine at Oxtead — and the next day, A Lutements. 
Letter was found by them, dropt in y^ Street, 
(of three Sheets of Paper) directed to your 
Excellency, I have not Seen it, but Co^^ Ste- 
phens heard it read by Hugh Anderson (the 
Supposed Author,) who took much pains to ex- 
patiate upon it. It is the Second part of their 
Eepresentation, but more insolent — I went that 
Evening to Jenkins's expecting to hear Some- 
what of what had been contrived at their fleet- 
ing — I found there a full Assembly (16 in Num- 
ber) They were for a long time Silent till at 
length D"". Tellfier began the Complaint of their 

'f : . 


'T;,! J 

^J*J''Hf'4 rj- 

I ,ii--it«^^ 

if» ii-'' 

I ,' 

18 Colonial Records 

Thos. Jones to General Oglethorpe. 

injurious Treatment by y*" Excellency and the 
Trustees, lie was Seconded by Douglas & others. 
Then Cap\ Stewart (of y^ Charles Transport) 
Stood up & drank, Damnation to all Rogues, 
capt. stew- which was much aplauded, they asked me 
^'Damna^tfon whether I would uot drink the Health, I reply 'd 

to all 

Rogues." That unless they would name those they called 
Rogues and explain what they meant by Dam- 
nation, I should not do it, having never been 
used to Cursing they then dropt it, & fell into 
their Silent Mood. 

M'. Causton has by his mean Arts been Sue- 
Mr. causton ccssfuU iu Corrupting the minds of people of all 

corrupting ± ^ 

of^p^opfe^ degrees, And has reconciled Some of the great- 
est Enemies to one Another, Such as Parker & 
Pallowfield — Bradley & himself, he dined at 
Bradley's lately & has in Bradley's Case fol- 
lowed the Example of the Unjust Steward in 
the Gospell, — v/"^ shall explain fully to your 
Excellency, when you give me the pleasure of 
waiting on you, In the mean time shall en- 
deavour to rubb on, in the midst of Insults; & 
endeavour to guard against the Snares which 
are daily laid for me — 

M^ Parker came to y^ Store last Saturday, 

& would have me issue an hundred Bushells of 

Corn to M'. Causton, And also Some of the 

damaged Corn for his hogs at a Certain Value, 

fus^ to" Mr. which he would return iu kind the next year. I. 

Causton. . . . 

told him that the other Provisions being near 
exhausted in y* Store, the only relief y' could 
be given to y^ Poor people must be Corn, untill 
a fresh Supply came; he said he would go to 

.ili ■''! 

U: i.; ( 

f:» i> 


-n.> :>s.;. 

^ I ' 



Thos. Jones to General Oglethorpe. 

Col".. Stephens and talk w'** him; I had been 
before w"" Col". Stephens (being apprized of 
the design) and told him that if they gave me 
Such unreasonable Directions about Issues out 
of y* Store, I should not comply there\\dtli but 
would Shutt up }^ Store and go to [sic] to yo"" 
Excellency at Frederica to receive your Orders 
whether I shall be urged again to morrow, I 
cannot tell, but am persuaded Col". Stephens 
will not agree thereto. 

It is reported That AP. Causton is to go w^'' 
Stewart for S^ Cristophers, who is near laden, suspected 

' of an effort 

& falls do^\^l the River to morrow to take in y* *° abscond. 
Remainder of his Loading at Cockspur I am 
persuaded M^ Causton has Some Such views, 
& what induces me to think that this Report of 
his going away w'\ Stewart may be true, is the 
great Intimacy that there is between them noth- 
ing but your Excellency's coming Soon into 
these parts can prevent it. Not knowing of 
this opportunity of wi'iting to your Excellency 
untill within these two hours, I cannot add but 
that I am w'^ all Sincerity 

¥0*" Excellency's 

most devoted humble Serv'. 
Tho Jones 

'■A Ki 


'■.r-'.v- /*' 


»?''»r,uC 0^ 

\ ^-v.-;.;..:-rI J«iOT^ 
"1 7ifi,.r, .:: 

); ■.. Ji.Ai . - 

';;■■ .'V i hull 

20 Colonial Kecords 

Mr. T. Causton to the Trustees. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Mr. T. Causton to the Honoble the Trustees 
FOR Establishing Georgia in America, in 
Which He Answers Certain Grave Charges. 
Dated 4 January 1738. Eec^ 5 April 1739. 


I make no doubt but M^ Thomas Jones has 
inform 'd you that I gave him a Reciept for 
Your Honour Orders under Seal of Your 
Comon Councill dated the 19'^ of May last.— 

As it has ever been my endeavours to execute 
your Comands, I return you thanks, that you 

Mr. T. Caus- *' . . , i +1,^^^ 

iJianati^. ^i^ve uow put it lu my power to make tuose 
endeavours more effectuall, having long 
labour 'd under the utmost uneasiness to see 
myself so embarrest without any prospect of 
Ease. — 

Finding you did not approve of the Creditt 
given, for the Servants brought by Captain 
Thompson from Scotland to M^ Thomas Upton, 
M'. John Broadie and others I acquainted them 
that they must forthwith pay for them, where- 
upon M^ Broadie, and M^ Upton apply 'd to 
Generall Oglethorpe, and he having regard to 
their Circumstances has ordered those Creditts 
to be continued. As for those taken to my own 
Service, I have return 'd them, for Your further 
Comands, and they are by the Generalls Order 
joyn'd with those at the Darien. 

The motive for my giving the above Creditt 
was, because I apprehended, It was now become 

f ■ I ;■ 

erf oi 


Mr. T. Caustoxi to the Trustees. 



necessary to give all possible civillitys, and 
reasonable Succours to Strangers at their first 
arrivall, as the Surest means to guard them 
against the bad Impressions they were lyable 
to receive, both with respect to the Country and 
the Regulations for its Settlement. How farr, 
I may have erred in such an Apprehension I 
submitt to Your Honours Judgment — 

As to the 954 heads of German 'Servants 
brought by Captain Hewitt and by me taken to 
my own Account, I am certain, I advis'd your ^f^^^^^ 
Honours, that they ha\dng intended to pay their |e|t by'^Mr. 
Own Passage, and go to Pensilvania, had made 
their Choice to Indent themselves to me, On the 
same Conditions with those Indented at Cowes 
for Your Service, ha\dng conciev'd an Opinion 
that it would be for the Service of the Colony 
to add to its Numbers, That the Cultivation of 
Land was an essentiall point towards its Sup- 
port, and well knowing, that Your repeated 
Orders have been for giving proper Encourage- 
ment to those who were Industrious on that 
Account, I imagin'd that my Industry being 
sufficiently known might be equally deserving 
with other People, x\nd the rather, because I 
can take upon me to say, that neither I, nor my 
Servants have spent our time (tho' with little 
Success) for any other advantage, than Your 
Service, or the Cultivation of that Farm, which 
I advis'd You, I had lately began. 

I imagine Your Honours, will think it impos- 
sible, for me to give particular reasons by way 
of Letter for the severall Creditts, to the In- 

^>?^^ 01 -ak 

':u: ,^-. .:a^:r a^O 

•fr.'i) :': V 


Its Ox ni>n-/ 


v:.i ■]• 


Colonial Eecords 

Mr. T. Causton to the Trustees. 

Regrets in- 
efEectual en- 
deavors to 
tize ex- 

habitants of the Colony. Therefore, with great 
Submission, must in generall referr myself, to 
those Accounts, when they shall be respectively 
transmitted; And since you have been pleasd to 
put a Period to my Acting in Affairs of the 
Colony, I shall call upon all the Debtors to bal- 
lance their Accounts, whereby I may be enabled 
to lay before you the Eeasons demanded agre- 
able to the Duty I have prof est and endeavour 'd 

I hope, I shall not bo lyable to Your Censure 
because Your endeavours have been hitherto 
ineffectuall for obtaining a Regular and known 
expence of the Colony, and providing a proper 
means of defraying it, because Variety of busi- 
ness arising from the urgent affairs of the 
Colony, prevented myself, and the want of 
proper hands, put it out of my Power to make 
those regTilar dispatches, And since it will 
appear evident, that the due examination of the 
various accounts of the Colony necessaiy for 
such your regular knowledge is a full employ 
for any one Person, I am at a Loss to think why 
the want of it should be imputed to me; and 
further hope, You will consider that any Calcu- 
lation of Charges would be very uncertain, 
Where those charges are to arise from the ex- 
ecution of things, in Remote parts necessarily 
left to the discretion of each particular person 
concern 'd and must be more or less as the 
Variety of Accidents or Circumstances of 
Affairs should require, And could not be kno^\^l 
by me, till I had reced the Accounts from those 
entrusted. — 


Vf9V "^d :/ 

' >, r' :; 



{'( 'r 


V ( ( 

VI' >: ^ 



Mr. T. Causton to 'the Trustees. 

If the above mention 'd or any other necessary" 
expences of the Colony have exceeded the Cal- 
culations made in England, I hope such exceed- 
ings will not be imputed as my fault, being ever 
Vigilant to avoid every unecessary Charge, as 
well as Industrious to provide against every 
thing, that seem'd to threaten its Welfare. — 

Your censure, for my taking Surprizing Lib- 
ertys, attended with your present Comands, fhe"^Trus- ^^ 
gives me sufficient reason to Lament, that I was mlnts^ln-^' 

. --M • f. ability to 

not more capable ot serving you to Satisfaccon, ^^^^^ them 

^ ^ ♦' ' with satis- 

Or that you did not make a more proper Choice. ^^*^"°^- 
As I had not your Orders to advise with any 
one, till the Arrivall of Collonel Stephens, I am 
sorrj^ to find myself accus'd with this conduct, 
when I was acting to the best of my Judgment, 
and when it was impossible for me to receive 
particular Instructions from you concerning 
such Cases as daily occurred. 

But that I may lay before you imediate 
Reasons (till particular Accounts are made up) 
for my Conduct, It is necessary to acquaint you, mo"'ey with 
that I find by the Accounts now properlv bal- meel obn. 

, , ^ i^ '' gations. 

lanced to the 22^ day of November 1736. The 
sume of £4593 . 5. llil> Sterling was then o^ing 
to Sundry Persons; towards the payment of 
which, (at that time not particularly known) 
Generall Oglethorpe, left with me, (in Cash,) 
about £350 including a Sume to be reced of M". 
Bovey for the ballance of her Account, at which 
time, provissions were greatly wanted, there 
not being 20 Barrills of Meat in all Your Hon- 
ours Stores in the Province. 

f ■, , i ' 

"' :i bsd J }»,k 

■- 1f;'r> 

■■ I ' '•■ r- ■. 


24 Colonial Records 

Mr. T. Causton to the Trustees. 

I had then no other Prospect of answering 
the Sumes of money due; for supporting the 
People, either for Account of establishments or 
Encouragement for Industry, than the expecta- 
tion of the Sume of £3000 which M^ Oglethorpe 
acquainted me, you intended to send to make 
good the calculated charges to the 25"". March 

As the Stores stood thus exhausted, I had no 
way to answer the most pressing demands of 

Money bor- '' c- <:> 

sup^ *° those who had money due to them, but by part- 
wanta. ^^^ ^-^j^ what Cash I had in such small pay- 

ments as might give the best Content ; whereby 
I was in a Short time, out of Cash also. To 
supply this Defect, which M'. Oglethorpe, well 
knew would happen ; he endeavoured to engage 
Mess^ Montaigut & Co. and Mess^ Jenys & Co. 
to supply me with Cash, on the Creditt of the 
expected Bills, To negotiate them (when ar- 
rived) or other bills to their Value; The former 
I may Venture to say promised to comply with 
his request. But the latter answerd me, with a 
Deniall, and gave for Reason, that those Bills 
could not have the Protection of the Law, equall 
to Bills of Exchange; In the Month of Decem- 
ber 1736. 1 apply 'd to Mess^ Montaigut & Comp, 
pursuant to their Promise, ha\ing then an Op- 
pertunity of buying upwards of 100 Hogs but 
could not obtain one farthing, till I drew a Bill 
of exchange on M"". Oglethorpe for £50 (ha^^ng 
his leave for so doing) on my own Account, 
which I thus expended to Supply the Stores 
with provissions then much wanted at the 




Mr. T. Causton to the Trustees. 

Southward, and accordingly at that time ad- 
vis 'd M'". Oglethorpe. 

As Your Honours did not think proper to 
transmitt more than one-half of the sume ex- Received 

, , ., ., • 1-1 1 A ^"ly half 

pected, it consequently occasion 'd larger Ar- of money 
rears at the 25'^ of March 1737. than would f^'P^/g «^- 
otherwise have been left, But what added yet t^hreaten'^^n 

^ ., Invasion. 

more to the Distresses oi the Colony, was 
advices from Comodore Dent at Jamaica ; That 
the Spaniards had prepared for an Imediate 
Descent upon us; I am certain you will easily 
believe, that in these Circumstances, every Soul 
in the Colony must be in extream Surprize, 
when the Stores were exhausted, no imediate 
Prospect of supply, and an Enemy hourly ex- 
pected for my own Part the Lives of self & 
Family must be as dear to me as others, It was 
the least of my concern, being much more Anx- 
ious, how to ease the People in their Distress 
by executing the Trust repos'd in me to their 

In this Condition it was impossible to Con- 
troul the attempt of making a Fort, then unan- 
imously requir'd as necessary for the safety of 
their Lives, But tho' this Alarm ended, without 
those consequences that were (at first) appre- 
hended, it not only Added very much to the 
Imediate expences of the Colony, but also pre- 
vented (in a great measure, the use that would 
have been made of the then planting Season 
and added to the Distresses of the people in 
the following Year. 

••n:«nrj n'^'ii' 
if, ■■ 

-9'X;; ^^..ii; 

:'J) III 
10 ^'(h. :.];. '..ij hlLJf 

26 Colonial. Records 

Mr. T. Causton to the Trustees. 

Had your Honours resolutions concerning the 
intended expence for the Year 1737, come to 
my hands in any due time, It would have been 
in my power, to have avoided a very great part 
of the expence of that Year, But as those Orders 
did not arrive, till the first of November, It 
was impossible for me to make any considerable 

The Arrival! of Collonel Stephens at this 
time as Your Honours Secretary gave me 
Jf'cofionlf^ hopes. That I might in some measure be re- 
sec^^ttry \e[vd especiallv, as to such matters, wherein my 
br'o"uglf'no own Judgment, had hitherto, been my only 
relief. Guide; I therefore, from this time comuni- 

cated the generality of my Actions to him, and 
Seldom executed any thing, without his Con- 
currence ; And I cannot help saying, the Calcu- 
lation of expences was so greatly short, of the 
charge w^". necessarily attended them That 
therefore I rather hope not to proceed (without 
such Concurrence) in the execution of some of 
them than to have hazarded your Approbation 
of what must (in such case) been the Act of my 
own judgment. — 

In the Northern Division, the Charge for the 
Estimated Settlement at Augusta in your establishment 
^h^iy^^n. computes only the Pay for a Captain, Lieuten- 

sufficient in • , i ^ < n 

g^rthern rj^^ and 15 private men, without any Allowance, 
for a Serjeant and a Constable, Provisions, 
Boats, Arms, Amunition, and Incident charges, 
that must naturally attend a Settlement so re- 
mote In building a Fort, raising of food, and 
Cultivating a friendship with neighbouring 

{ ■Jfiti.J 


i, fiwo 


... , . * ; I . . i 

Correspondence 27 

Mr. T. Causton to the Trustees. 

Indians; To effect which, Captain Lacey being 
sensible he should be expos 'd to all the Ob- 
structions, that his neighbours of Carolina 
could throw in his way, thought it necessary to Fort 

hire several Labourers that he might loose no 



time in raising food, w^'' would not only be a 
more imediate Support to the Garrison, but 
also be an Inducem'. to other Industrious peo- 
ple to jo}Ti them. He also thought it necessary mdian af- 
to take a journey into the Cherokee Nation, cussed. '^'ex. 

' pensive 

and thereby preserve, as much as possible the P'^e^ents. 
friendship already cultivated, by his former 
journey, and therein to acqquaint them of such 
matters as were contain 'd in M^ Oglethorpe's 
Instructions to him, And Your Honours mes- 
sage to that Nation transmitted to me, And not- 
withstanding, all his endeavours (to avoid it) 
Six prineipall Indians of that Nation, would 
come with him to Savannah; To whom, it was 
necessary to make presents as usualL 

That these unavoidable Occurrences were 
attended with a large encrease of expence, can 
be no doubt, But as a further justification of 
my defraying so considerable a Charge, I have 
enclos'd a Coppy of Captain Laceys written 

I apprehend I do not flatter myself, if I think 
those Orders were sufficient. It being very Evi- 
dent, that every thing done on that Account, 
has had it's desir'd effect; The Indians on that 
quarter, being in purfect friendship. The Fort 
com.pleted, and the charge of provisions much 
Le.^sen'd; In opposition to which, the greatest 


■' ! i 'j ' ■y'4^*^ 


>h [ !,:•■•• 

;.'»!i .1 


Colonial Records 

Mr. T. Causton to the Trustees. 

Support of 
the Saltz- 


for the 

part of the Provisions thought to have been 
secured for them on the Carolina side of the 
water was artfully diverted another way, and 
many contrivances and false reports set on 
foot, to Irritate the Indians against the Garri- 
son it being too advantageously scituated for 
the Enemys of the Colony to see with 
Pleasure. — 

The Support of the Saltzburghers at Ebe- 
nezer is wholly left out of the Account of ex- 
pences; or if I may suppose it to be included 
in any of those Articles which are left blank, 
it naturally follows, that 60 familys of Indus- 
trious People, could not be supported without 
considerable expences. In defraying of which 
I strictly adhered to former Establishments, 
and made no extraordinary allowances, but 
what the Rev^ W. Bolstius' [sicl seem'd with 
good reason to desire. — 

I humbly imagine, that you will easily believe, 
that Fort Argyle, every Garrison and Scout 
Boat, must be also attended with a Variety of 
expence; the particulars of which, generally 
arising from Repairs and unforeseen causes, 
could only be known, when they happen 'd. 

There is also a great Increase of expence, 
that has necessarily attended the Saw Mill and 
Cow Penn at Ebenezer in Pro\'isions, Boats, 
Labour &c. 

The expences calculated for making the West- 
ern Road, provides only for the pay of ten Men, 
and makes no Allowance for Provisions v^^. is 

|f/','V ■,'.-.'%■■ 7-r 

Correspondence 29 

Mr. T. Causton to the Trustees. 

also their due; But as the execution of that 
Order was comitted by ]\P. Oglethorpe to M^ 
EoBert Williams, I humbly hope, that the ex- 
traordinary expences thereon, will not be im- 
puted as my Act, I having frequently given 
notice, how farr Your Honours Orders permit- 
ted me to go, and would have Stopt the work 
had not Collonel Stephens joyn'd him in Opin- 
ion, that the expence was necessary, ought to 
be continu'd, and would be certainly approv'd 
of; That I might safely continue the work, till 
the arrivall of the Generall, and need not doubt, 
but as he had given the Orders to M^ Williams 
be would support them with Your Approbation. 
However, I prevail 'd so farr as to reduce the 
Number of Laborers from 17 to ten Men; And 
as that Account remains open, I have delivered 
a Coppy to M^ Jones to adjust the same with 
M'. Williams. 

I must farther observ^e, that notwithstanding 
the Calculation of the generall expences. Your 
Honours orders of the same date repeated your tilmS 
Comands for Support of the out Settlements, 
those who Industriously applyed themselves to 
Cultivation of Land, and those who were any 
ways distrest throughout the Pro\ince. 

Support of 
the out set- 

As the extent of expences of this kind then 
naturally depended on my own discretion as 
occasions required, hard woald be my Lott, if 
under such generall Commands the ill Success, 
attending my endeavours to obtain those ends 
which you thereby seem to be so Anxious for, 
should be imputed to my Misconduct. 

• ■ • ff '' '? / 

ri'*ili Itriiii .<ff{! 'I > 

Ui'jA:', Silt 8 A 

,To'i r. ■■'■■zviK ly?. 


Colonial Eecords 

Mr. T. Causton to the Trustees. 


about to 

The Addition of Sei-vants to the Colony by 
servan'ts to Captain ThoHiDson and Captain Heudtt in De- 

the Colony. in 

cember 1737 was a new Charge on the Store 
Subsequent to Your Honours calculation of ex- 
pences every one of which Servants (at a 
Medium) cost £7 Sterling ^ annum 

As to the Generall Support of the Colony, 
and providing of Stores in so large a manner, 
I must farther Add, That in the Month of 
Aprill 1738, I reced fresh advices, Supported 
by Affidavits That a great Force of 'Men and 
Vessels from the Havannah, were arrived at 
S'. Augustine and might be daily expected to 
attack us. In these Circumstances, the Indus- 
trious People having been from time to time 
disapbinted of the fruits of their Labours in 
planting and wearied with their endeavos I 
could not help jo^ming in Opinion (which every 
understanding man, here will allow to be right, 
that it was necessary to keep the Stores well 
supplyed as the means to prevent those deser- 
tions (as otherwise) thro' repeated Disap- 
pointm'\ would have tlien been unavoidable at 
a time when every mans hand was necessary 
to protect the publick safety. And if there 
should be no occasion for extraordinary Issues, 
they were ready in the Stores to supply any 
necessary- demand on the arrivall of additional! 
Numbers then daily expected; And certainly 
so it was, and will be acknowledged, that had 
I not made such provision, His Majesty's 
Forces, would have suffered very much, And 
the want would have been attended with ill Con- 

t ■[• 

'>: m:: 


.!■<■■ I 




Mr. T. Causton to the Trustees. 

As to the expence for support of the Southern 
Division I must he^ leave to say; That Generall Gen^'"og°e- 

thorpe to 

Oglethorpe subsequent to Your Orders for Cer- [^[^'^s^^p^^'"- 
tain expences there, strictly enjoyn'd me, not p''^^- 
to suffer those Settlements in any Degree to 
want Supplys. The Application of which, being 
under the direction of proper Officers I may 
reasonably hope, that his Orders, and their 
Accounts will sufficiently justifye me. 

absence of 
the founder 
of the 
Colony in 

Give me leave then upon the whole to collect 
the generall Necessity of such a Conduct. Gen- 
erall Oglethorpe return 'd to England in Novem- 
ber 1736 leaving the Colony in the Circum- 
stances as before related, with a full resolution 
to return to its Succour in May or June fol- 
lowing. That he mett with many delays, which 
prevented the execution of his Designs, till Sep- 
tember 173S cannot be unknown to Your Hon"^. 
That during his absence and till the expected 
Forces arriv'd continuall Alarms from the 
Spaniards, The well known attempts of raising 
Jealousys among the Indians and the necessi- 
tous circumstances of the Colony made it re- Means to 

. . , , , , , prevent de 

quisite to use all reasonable methods to prevent sertiona. 
any Desertions, for as such a Desei*tion might 
be generall, I should have expos 'd myself to 
Censures of a much higher nature. And Your 
endeavours for obtaining a Military Force of 
the Cro^\^l might probably have been rendred 

The Clerks of the Store are preparing 
Coppys of books and Accounts, agreeable to 
Your Orders, and doubt not, but my good In- 

-(p;-^ ihi ,. 

~-51l JX 

t!;ii. ■!..■>' ; 
■■;■ M.^r ,rf;nf^:fii;q^ 

At t!'^i» 

L 'to ^-jfuaasO 


n! iw.^.: 


Colonial Records 

Mr. T. Causton to the Trustees. 

aim to keep 
the people 

Asks a sus- 
pension of 


tentions for the Welfare and safety of the 
Colony, will be sufficiently manifest. And I 
shall ever esteem it my happiness that tho' my 
Actions should not meet with Suitable Appro- 
bation, my principall Aim was obtain 'd in keep- 
ing the people together, without drooping under 
their disapointm'". or being any ways intimi- 
dated by the threats of their enemys; And as 
this was the Scope of my Actions, I might easily 
expect that mistakes of a lesser Consequence 
would have been treated with Lenity and indul- 
gence. — 

I should be very farr from being uneasy at 
the different Measures you are pleas'd to take 
for the executing the business of the Colony, 
Did not I meet with farr different treatment, 
than what is exprest in Yo''. Hon". Letter to me. 
But least I should be supposd to preferr Com- 
plaints concerning what may appear harsh to 
me before my own justification ; I shall for the 
present, only pursue that defence necessary for 
the Character of every honest man. And upon 
the Comon Eight of justice may expect a Sus- 
pention of your belief, concerning what is laid 
to my Charge, till Answers can be given. — 

y. Honours Orders, and the Proceedings 
thereupon, give me just Apprehension, that 
some body has basely charg'd me. I therefore 
pray to be acquainted with the Particulars, 
(without w^*".) as no Man can answer he ought 
not to suffer. 

^Yhen I consider the Service, which without 
any View I have perform 'd for near Six Years ; 

fix '■nii I'll A/ 

'1:'' ■/?!!.. (! 



Correspondence 33 

Mr. T. Causton to the Trustees. 

Your ovm Approbation of my Conduct on mgv- 
erall Occasions; and ]\P. Oglethorp's assurance 


m full Terms That vou would never condemn ^ithout 


me on any Charge, till I had been heard; I am ^^^^'^" 
at a Loss to know, why I am (not only) divested 
of all Tour Honours favours, But also pre- 
vented by an Arrest, from getting my bread 
elsewhere; The former, I confess, would have 
been less grievous, had it been done in such a 
manner, as to have acknowledged my Ser^^dces: 
But when contrarywise, accompanyed with the 
latter, can now appear to me in no Other light, 
than a Condemnation, without being heard, and 
consequently Unjust. — 

The Inventory of the Stores at Savannah, 
taken the 29'^. of September last, Has with the i^vento 
Remains been delivered to M^ Thomas Jones, slvinnal^^ 
together with severall extracts of expences 
which was judg'd necessary to be imediately. 

I have also delivered him M'. Bradleys whole 
Accounts, the Prodigeous expence of w*" will leys ac. ' 



be sufficient Beason for all my Complaints on 
that head. 

Having mov'd the Town Court of Savannah 
to name another Trustee to the Orphans, I o^f's^yanS 
obtain 'd the Order enclos'd, w*^^ I doubt not, will 
be put in Execution. 

My Cash Accounts is now under the examina- 
tion of M". Jones and I humbly hope, that when 
you see how farr, I have devoted myself to the 
Service of the Colony, and neglected all ad- 

!if ■/ ,_;i!" .n;u<..>- 

10% ;r 
"on '.;:. 

1 ittuiia snifixt oi 

"^ ,A\ 

'!;..iivr ■ 


Colonial Eecords 

Mr. T. Causton to the Trustees. 

Asks re- 
moval of 
clouds which 
eclipse his 

by difficul- 
ties during 
the absence 
of Gen'l 
in England, 

Desires not 
merely pro- 
tection DUt 

vantages, which many men in my Station might 
and probably would (without Reflection) have 
made, Sacrificed every Minute of my Ovna, and 
family's time. And all my Goods, Eatables and 
Drinkables to Indians and 'Strangers for the 
sake of the Colony, and its Safety, expecting 
only such Rewards as might flow from Your 
Honour and Generosity, You will remove those 
Clouds, which eclipse my Character and reward 
my Services. 

I cannot conclude this my x\ddress without 
mentioning the imequall Task I have labourd 
under, from my first A'rrivall in the Colony, 
with what difficultys I have sustein'd the weight 
of publick business, what Solemn application 
I made to Generall Og'lethorpe before his last 
return to England, and what Intreatys I after- 
wards made to The Rev. M^ John Westly, his 
Brother, and M^ Ingham, to intercede with him, 
that I might be releived from it, how Steadily, 
I have adhered, (against a Torrent of Opposi- 
tion) to Your Honours Plans, Regulations and 
the execution of Your Laws, regardless of 
Enemys) who perhaps, (on that Account) will 
never be reconciled; 

From such a known Behaviour, I may reason- 
ably not only expect Protection, but Reward; 
And not be condenmed, without Proof or Con- 
viction; who with due Submission, Subscribes 
Yo'. most Dutifull Serv'. 

T. Causton. 
Jan. 14'\ 1738. 

"! '} . 

• 1 1 " 

iJijiT [," 

.'"'E , 

.1 .11-,.,, 


Anonymous Letter to Benj. Martin, Esq. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol 21.) 

To Benjamin Martin Esq^. Secretary to the 
Colony of Georgia at the Georgia Office 
NEAR the House of Lords. (Name of the 
Writer not Given.) 

A sinerle sheet. 



Westminster, London. 
Jan. 22\ 1738/9. 


As the following Letter contains some pro- 
posals about the Colony of Georgia, I directed 
it to you & as I found by the j)ublic Prints that 
you are the Secretary to the Trustees, I thought 
none so proper to write to as your self, because 
I am equally a Stranger to all of 'em, so please 
to lay this before 'em and let me know their 
answer as soon as possible. 


As I always thought the encouraging of our 
poor to go over to Georgia, would be one of the 
chief means of serving my Countrv in general enc1ju?^ged 

" . « w ^^ settle in 

and those unhappy People in particular, I have Georgia. 
done my utmost to perswade some of 'em to 
undertake a Voyage thither, but my Endeavours 
have hitherto been unsuccessful, the People be- 
ing always against it, on any other Condition, 
than as hired Servants, in w^^: character sev- 

et-snia „. 

..lixGoVr /■'■ 

•O-UJ IffJO^ 

; "> ■■■;i' i'-\& '.iOX 

rn.! |fi 

(j c--/!17/Jj:! I aA 



Anonymous Letter to Benj. Martin, Esq. 

Growing of 
hemp and 
flax sug- 

Persons of 
urged to 
assist la. 

eral say they are willing to go, pro^^ded I will 
go along with 'em, which I shall very readily 
comply with on conditions as here in mention'*. 
For I have consider 'd, that if these People were 
once there and saw the Encouragement that is 
given to all, who are willing to settle for them- 
selves, and were at the same time put into such 
a right Method at first as might with ease be 
follow 'd afterwards, they would chuse rather to 
fix themselves in Lands of their own, than serve 
any longer as servants they would also at the 
same time be wean'd from that Prejudice they 
all of 'em have imbib'd against all Countries, 
except their own. 

I have considered also that one of the most 
necessary Branches of Trade would arise from 
growing Hemp and Flax, at least, we should 
stand in most need of That, if a war with Rus- 
sia should break out: Tliis Branch also would 
be easiest brought to perfection by our Coun- 
trymen, they being already so much us'd to it, 
especially in the Fiats of this country, many of 
whom would be willing to go over, on the con- 
ditions as above mention 'd and who at present 
are hard put to it to get their Bread, and some 
of 'em even want that. I consider 'd farther 
that for the Encouragement of any Branch of 
Ti'ade in its Infancy, it is necessarj' some Per- 
son of Fortune Should undertake, not only to 
countenance, but even to Support and assist 
the Labourers not only by his advice but also 
with his Purse, and one such Person should be 
appointed to undertake each particular Branch, 
viz: one for the silk, one for Flax (S: flemp &c: 

A- -' 


;.n<.f,-v^'^l / 


Anonymous Letter to Eenj. Martin, Esq. 


but I am sorry to find that so few who are so 
well qualified will undertake it, and it has been 
a common, tho' too true an Observation found- 
ed upon Experience, that for want of some such 
method as this at the first setting out, many 
Undertakings of this Kind have been late, if 
ever, before they were brought to perfection. 
These considerations have indue 'd me to make Makes a 
some Proposals to you, with which, if you are 
enabled and are willing to comply, I will make 
preparations immediately ; But as I am at pres- 
ent a stranger to you, I think it necessary to 
let you know that 1 have fortune enough to go 
thorough with it, and I hope am suflaciently 
qualified in other Eespects, and am very will- 
ing to assist my Countrymen, even to lay out 
five or Six Thousand Pounds in Georgia, so as 

As Its for 

not to endanger the Lesseining my own Estate giant of 

here in England ; Therefore if you have a power g^.^^^'^^ %, 

and are billing to grant to me, my Heirs and ^p^rfment.^ 

Assigns forever, about 4000, or 5000 Acres of 

Such Land in Georgia, as I shall chuse upon my 

arrival there, with all Mines &c : and which does 

not interfere with any other Property : and also 

if you will convey the first Number of Persons, 

find em with necessaries &c: 'till I have reap'd 

one crop, and also with Hemp & Flax seeds 

for the first Crop, out of your public stock; I 

will carry over, support and maintain all the Ready to 

J embark for 

others which I shall send for, or letch over, and Georgia in 

' person. 

will take care to find sufficient hands to manage 
the whole: If, I say, you will agree to these 
Proposals, I will go over with, and settle 'em 
there, and will, not only assist them, but also 

Tofi i'/v- .) [■:^'l■I•l•!£rf .ton 
" ii 





,.. ;;;'! 

7 I ,>,; 

38 Colonial Records 

Anonymous Letter to Benj. Martin, Esq. 

all others, who shall come upon their own ac- 
count, or be there at present. 

I propose chiefly to encourage the growth of 
Estabiishj_^^ Hemp and Flax, but yet on each acre, one with 
trade. another will leave or plant 2 mulberry towards 

the establishing a silken Trade. If these Terms 
are agreed to, I beg the Favour of ha\dng every 
thing done immediately, or we shall have the 
best part of Summer over before we can get 
there. I shall be glad to know when you will 
be pleas 'd to give me the Grant of the Lands, 
that I may know w'. preparations to make. 

I should have waited upon you in Person, had 
I not been prevented from wintering in Lon- 
come^'to^ ^^^ ^^^^ year, but yet if it be necessary for me 
to come to London I shall do it, but had rather 
defer it 'till I have provided everjiihing for y^. 
Voyage. If you have any question you would 
have answer 'd on my Part, please in your's to 
let me know and you shall be satisfyed as soon 
as Possible after. 


That you may succeed in the Trust that is 
repos'd in you by His Majesty is the sincere 
wish of 

Your very humble serv*. 

tho' Unknown. 

M'. Martyn 

I beg the favour of a Line by the return 
of the Post, in which please to let me know if 

; n '■: , , r, \ ( 

/I ©(dnii;;' 

iixiini^; /}(. 


Correspondence 39 

Jno. West to Mr. Vearelless. 

the Trustees have any fix'd meetings, and when 
they are, and whether you think they will agree 
to the Contents of this, and how soon the Deeds 
can be executed. Please to direct for M^ 
Brookes to be left at Docf: Burton's in York, 
who will convey it safe to* 
Jan"-. 22^ 1738=9. 
*Orginal tone. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

John West to the Agoo'^^'^'^ Me. Vearelless 
YE Georgia Ofiess neare Oijld Palless Yard. 
Westminster, London, by Cap^. Tomson. 

M^ Veareltss 


Desires to 

I ham sorrey that I have noo good newse 
to aquaint you of as realeating to my self I 
have beene Vearey Ell Ever sence I Came heare 
Last & ham soo Sickly to Conteney I have a j^^i^ni^ 
gratt Desior of Coming to England hoping that 
will be a meanes of my recofrey for I Cann 
have no help heare but as y" Trusttees have 
been soo good to me I will Doo nothing with- 
out thayor Consent if I Cann help itt I pray 
you to ask thayor Consent for me to Com home 
to England & that thay will give me a Lizanc 
tor Desposmg of my Lott that thay may be paid ^^2^|j.ty ^*" 
& AP. plumsted I have Laid outt Upords of SEHnts 
five hundred pounds starlen on itt I have too '^^"*'"' 

'Ktj fV/.':'.'; ! jif ''•< 

H. i( mor 

ll"-r:r-7 .■*}/' 

; '^ic: I 



Vv'''rO!i 'fTBli 1 

W^'fO i -iL 


A '^d iibfr 

^>ai:;.v/a /i *: 

•it >U'5 OJ fi07 / 

40 Colonial Records 

"Will Stephens Supposedly to the Trustees. 

fine Brick worcks on itt & a farme house & outt 
housis & Imtts seavrell & a. Large kell & kill 
hous with too Large shops a Dwelling hous & 
Counting hous & a Large shead in the town 
with Upords of 20 Eackors of Land well kleard 
& fenced which I shall plant this yeare if god 
spar my Life I bag you will send me my note 
of hand of tenn pounds starlen & I will De- 
lever Up y^ grant for itt Cann be of noo youse 
to me now I have rett to M^ plumsted to Doo 
his indaver to gett me a Lizanc for to sell my 
housis & Lands that he may be paid with y" 
Trustees I hope to havfe your asestance in itt 
pray faver me with a onswar as soon as poso- 
bell & you will much sarvfe & oblige your 
TJm^'": Sarvnt 

John West. 


fabry 5'\ 173 8/9 


(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

From "Will: Stephens, supposed to be to thb 

Savannah 6 FeD : 173 8/9. 
Honourable Gentlemen 

Very little has occur 'd to me worth your at- 
tention, since my last of the 2'^ of Jan^ ; where- 
affairs In of I uow scnd Coppy, together with a continua- 

the Colony. . i x ./ ? o 

tion of my Journal: from whence Your Hon- 

<^\8 va : 

'NT aa or aj-'- ■■ ■■ ■ 


^^nVl :<J, . . 


^iiv (,!.'; ;!:'''i'i 


Will Stephens Supposedly to the Trustees. 

ours ready Discernmeiit, may in a great meas- 
ure lead you to judge how Affairs in general 
stand with us at present here: as to what has 
been doing in the South, 'twould ill become me 
to make a Narration of matters, not within the 
Compass of my knowledge; especially w^hen 
they have been so closely under the Generals 
own Eye for a good time past; so that what 
Intelligence you have from thence, to be sure 
comes pure, & genuine, as from a Spring head; Difficulty m 
whilst I find my self often under some difficulty Truth^from 


in separatmg Truth from Falshood; least in 
taking things on their first appearance, per- 
haps disguised, I should fall into unpardonable 
mistakes. I would not be misunderstood here 
to mean any of those enquirys, w^^. are imme- 
diately under ]\P. Jones's direction, relating to 
Mess"^. Causton and Bradley: they are Mys- 
terys too deep for me to attempt the fathoming: tol^ieeV to 

^ ° ' fathom. 

and I can make no doubt but M'. Jones gives 
Your Honours Information from time to time, 
what Progress he has made &c; tho' whatever 
letters he may have wrote to England, none 
have taken place in the ordinary Packett w^*". I 
send, & run the common Eisque with others, in 
case he has sent any. Tis sufficient for me 
(as I humbly apprehend) so to do my best in 
narrowlv watching the Dispositions, and Act- Keeps a 

„ " 11. 1 , . watchful 

ions 01 people here m general, together with fK^ "po" 

^ ^ o 7 o the people. 

what Steps (or of late I may say large Strides) 
they take, towards making themselves more 
and more uneasy; that the Truth of every thing 
may appear as it is : which I have endeavourd 
in those dailv observations I made. 

Ml -v.iKt 


07 [,10' 


Colonial Records 

Will Stephens Supposedly to the Trustees. 

Howsoever unacceptable it may be to Your 
Honours, or disagreeable to my self; I think 
New list of it is encumbent on me now to lay before you, 
S^avkn^^h. a uew List of the Freeholders of this Town &c; 
by comparing which with what I sent you soon 
after my first coming here, you may see the 
Difference, and how that Sett of People are 
deceased; tho' the Number of Souls inhabiting 
this part of the Colony, is certainly multiplyd; 
reckoning the Foreigners y* hav^ been import- 
ed, with their Familys; who are mostly em- 
ployd in Service, either of the Trust or private 
persons': many of them likewise have been dis- 
posed of in the South. I had it in my Inten- 
tion to have made a perfect List of the Num- 
bers of Men, Women, & Children, distinct: but 
we are at present in such a Fluid way, & so 
manj' alterations almost daily .happen; y' w* 
I cannot set down with certainty, I concjeive is 
better defer 'd a while, till we return to a more 
fixed and pennanent State ; which in good time 
I make no Question will come to pass ; and that 
this froward Infant of 6 years Growth, which 
has been so tenderly nursed, will learn to do 
more for it self than hitherto has been done: 
tho* I dare not venture to answer for the im- 
mediate amendment of some pee\4sh and dog- 
ged Dispositions, who make their own "Will their 
only Guide. It must not be denyd that there 
are some few, among those noted to be away, 
who have taken pains, and endeavourd to live; 
but failing in their expectations of a Crop; with- 
out help from the Stores; and no Wages to be 
had for their labour now, if hired; Necessity 

of taking a 


T vrr iiil ,viiu v' •: 

n'rvr ho^*rfrrT vf'T.- 

>!a.. ( 


h ixi loin ir^ifffr r 


P'r!;j li ;.'■ 

Correspondence 43 

Will Stephens Supposedly to the Trustees. 

has driven them to seek their Bread where they 

can find it; and whenever such can do it here '^"^es some 

to SGGk 

they'll certainly return to their own Homes: olhlr '° 
but I think I may safely affirm y^ the Return '°''"""'- 
of at least two thirds of all y' are gone off, is 
rather to be feared than wishd: tis true indeed 
they added to the number of Fencible men; & 
during the Vapouring of the Spaniards, they 
were lookd on as usefull; but since his Majesty Plough 
has been pleased to appoint a regular Force sickie^s 

^ ^ '=' versus guns 

for our defence, Plough Sheers and Sickles I ^"'^ ^'^°'''^^- 
conceive at present more adapted to the use of 
the Husbandman here, than Guns & Swords; 
which nevertheless they ought not wholly to 
lay aside. 

M^ Causton shewing me a paragraph of his Mr. caus- 

T 11 rh 1 -11 -. ton's evas- 

letter w"'' he said he purposed to send to Your in%i'g°ird' to 
Honours by Cap^ Thomson, wherein tis alledged '■'^'^' '''°'"^ ° 
y' at the time when he meant to put an end to 
the Work of Eoad making under M^ Williams 's 
Inspection, I prevailed with him to continue 
that work a while longer; believing the Gen- 
eral would Hke it, & procure your Honours ap- 
probation: I think it my Duty to offer a few 
Words', the better to illustrate that Passage. '^^^^^ ^ 

c3 sudden r^ 

'Twas some short time before Michas last consT' ^^^ 
(about 10 or 12 days as I remember) when ]\P. w'hlSh^^apt^ 
Williams told me y' ]\P. Causton had taken ^arm^fui. 
a Suddain resolution to break oft' that Work; 
which having no previous notice of, would be 
very detrimental, forasmuch as there was' a 
Bridge newly framed and set up, at a consid- 
erable expence, over a Creek on that Road, 
about half a mile out of Town; & unless the 



Colonial Records 

Will Stephens Supposedly to the Trustees. 

force re- 
duced one. 

Eoad leading near to it was raised to a propor- 
tionable height, so as gradually to surmount 
the crown of the Arch ; all that was done, would 
be of no effect: therefore he wishd I would 
speak to M'. Causton about it, and perswade him 
to continue the men in that Emplojinent, 
those few days only till Michaelmas, w^^ would 
bring it to a proper period, & the way to the 
Bridge would be made commodious; otherwise 
twas not passable: which knowing to be true, 
from seeing it my self; I promised him y* I 
would talk w''' IVP. Causton upon it, and when 
I did so, I should know better how far it was 
proper for me to meddle in such an affair : but 
I well knew y* M^ Causton had some time be- 
fore reduced the number of those Workmen 
from 17 or 18 to 10 ; which I always understood 
to be a Prudential Act of saving, from himself: 
wherefore imagining this likewise to be so, in- 
deed I went so far as to say, when I conferd 
Conference ^Ith him, y* I apprehended twas not a matter 

with Mr. 

Sfe^^sSbjec?. ^^ ^'®^'y great moment, if the men went on for 
a few days more, as was requested, considering 
the circumstance of tilings relating to it; & I 
could not suppose the General would think much 
of it, whom we expected very soon, and who 
(it was known perfectly after) was at that time 
landed at S'. Simons: whereupon twas agreed 
to; & the men were all discharged accordingly 
at Michass, the time appointed, after finishing 
what appeard to be so necessary, y' without 

:t Hm; ', Mill 11. 

■l-; i:it;ioO 

'^ .;.; ,'- .'.>i 

;i i)t <•■■(■ 


Will Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

it the whole Road beyond must have been use- 

I remain 

Honourable Gentlemen 

Your most Obedient humble Servant 
Will: Stephens. 
(Supposed to be to the Trustees.) 

(Prom B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 
Will Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst Ac- 


Establishing the Colony at their Office 
near the house of lords, westminster. 



Savannah 7 Feb. 173 8/9. 
Dear S\ 

After SO much as I wrote you in 2 letters of 
the 2"^ & 3"^ ult"""; I may imagine you'll expect 
me to be more brief now: wherefore I shall 
avoid all rambling excursions, & come to those 
Points only w'^ I apprehend it necessary you 
should be acquainted with: The first of w^*" is 
relating to that affair of my late good Friend Relating to 

'^ ./ o Colonel 

Collonel Horsey ; whose Family might with rea- horsey, 
son expect me to be ever ready in doing them 
what Service lay in my power; & I am sure I 

.U: JoV ,si>; 

:; .^ aVI .d-.'! 

-. ..5,.«.:(<v +■*.-, ! O r^' f.y-. 





";jftr ^8 ^ "2 siil 
oiti sd «)i 9jlii 

•J ! 

46 Colonial Records 

Will Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

Regrets in- ^^ ^0, from my heart: wherefore it reaily af- 
do'more° fects Hie very grievously, to think how ill I have 
been able to demonstrate it, by any act of mine, 
since I rec"* those letters. Powers, & Instruc- 
tions, from Cap^ Sam" Horsey & yourself, in 
what manner to sollicit those Demands, that 
the Family in all appearance have so just a 
claim to, from the Governm\ of Carolina; w'^^ 
I formerly (more y"" once) wrote you, I had 
immediately acquainted our General w'^; who 
was then in the South, but expected here every 
week since, from the time I rec*^ those orders; 
v^^. was tow''^ the latter end of Nov*"": in all 
"w*** time nevertheless I have not had the hon- 
our of any Commands from him relating to it; 
No com- and without his advice and assistance, 'twas 

mands from ' 

Oglethorpe, j^q^ propcr for me to stir, as I was very justly 
caution'd to act in it wholly under his conduct: 
& we yet continue here daily waiting his coming 
JrarJ^re- to this placc, w''^ was once his Delight ; but by 
awaited. degrees he seemd to grow more enamourd w^^ 
y* Southern Settlements; and the late mad Be- 
haviour of these people with their Representa- 
tion (Src has more & more estranged him from 
it; in somuch y' it has ever been sunnised by 
some, he would shew them a mark of his re- 
sentment, by passing by this place without stop- 
ping, at the time he first went to Charles Town : 

Some mark 

sen'tment ^^^^ ^ hopc he'll uot Carry things to those ex- 
hende'd. tremitys ; for there is yet a Remnant here, of 

such as I apprehend worth more regard, who 
never wilfully meant to offend— (This by the 
By) — : Till T see him or hear from him, what 
can I say? Surely he means nothing but Good, 

:1 •It'll "ill 

■to , . 

1 , 'if ■ *! ; 

Correspondence 47 

Will Stephens to Mr. Harman "Verelst. 

to the Family, w^'' he gave such large Proofs 
of Friendship to the Father of ; and as soon as 
he allows me to proceed, twill quickly appear 
with w' a hearty good Will I go ahout it: in Ready to 

, „ , , , . J act when 

the mean while let me entreat you to perswade authorized. 
them not to suffer any ill impressions to he 
made, as if I wanted disposition to serve 'em, 
& I am continually in hopes of an opportunity 
soon to convince them effectually of that Truth : 
but till then, I have but little heart to write 
letters of no Significance. 

When opportunity offers, a Rheam of Fools- 
cap paper in folio, & the like of Post paper in ^^^.^ ^^^ 
Ditto, would [torn] very acceptable, not know- suSii^. 
ing easily under our present wants where to get 
it: little or none of what I [torn] has beeU' 
•applyd to wrong uses ; & what I have seen filld, 
I hope has not been all wasted : Pens, Ink, Wax, 
&c we have plenty of left. 

I had thoughts of adding here a few small 
things, w^*" I should "also be glad of for my own 
private use; but I rather postpone that till an- 
other time, when I may ask your leave to men- 
tion them, on presumption of your kind inclina- 
tion to contribute to the ease of 

S^ Your oblidged humble Servant 

Will: Stephens. 

Pray be so good as to forward the enclosed 
by the Post to the Isle of Wight. 


.J 10 ; 


ze;// ,niil ,'- 

;'.:'-\ ■ i 

iHaVfi /7f»'i: f^ f)'!':*/! ^": 

- ■.U>;.,w">(;'i burl 1 

I'l IS-- 


'{ uo ,-n'if{^ nob 
fdiiJijo oj aoii 

TooY .''3 


Colonial Recoeds 

Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Tho. Jones to the Accot^^t^ ^^^^ Harman 
Veeelst, Rec^ by Capt^. Yeoman 14 IMay 
1739 Read AIay 23, 1739. 

Savannah Febry 8^^. 1738. 

Finds It 
difficult to 
follow in- 

Strife and 


due to the 



in the 


Life of the 
by intimi- 


The Instructions given me by The Hon'''". 
The Trustees, I find impossible strictly to com- 
ply ^yit]l, unless I act without any regard had 
to their Interests, or the Rights of others — I 
have, by every oportunity that offered, inform 'd 
His Excellency, Gener' Oglethorpe, w*^ the 
Scituacon of the Trustees Affairs here. And 
have been, from time to time, favoured w'*" his 
Orders which, to the best of my power, I have 
complied with. But He, The General, having 
been detained at the Southward for three 
Months past, I have been ever Since in One 
continued Scene of Strife and wrang-lina- — 
The Threats I hear, of Actions to be brought 
against me by Some, and of being Shot or other- 
wise destroyed by others, no not in the least 
terrify me; If I can by any means prevent 
their Honours good Intention in establishing 
this Colony, from being defeated, And their 
Effects Secured from Plunder & Waste for the 
future,— ^Y\lat has been done, of that Nature, 
for two years last past, you will in a Short time 
discover, tho' too late for a Remedy. 


•f !wH <;il ,• ' . iJO ■/• 

' ' ' . ', ■- , ,C» m • ' '. if ,vi-. '1 1 -# 

Correspondence 49 

Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

That part of my instructions, relateing to The 
Notices to be affixed on the Doors of the Stores from^Mr"'^ 

T T White. 

at Savannah & Frederica has been comphed 
with as ^ my Letter to you in Octo 6^^. But I 
have had no Acco\ from M'. White of the Re- 
main of Stores at Frederica. The General 
ha\dng taken that Affair under his Care and 

The Instruction — to issue the Stores, under 
my care, pursuant to the Orders of W™. fouows the 
Stephens Esq^ M"". Thomas Causton and W. orTe"tn^ 

■^ ^ Issuing 

Heniy Parker or any two of them — I have not provisions. 
Strictly conform 'd to, but have had the Gen- 
eral's Orders, for my Guidance, in issuing Pro- 
visions &c^ to Such as had Demands on the 
Store, As also for Magistrate & other Officers, 
The Widdows «fc Orphans, The TVustees Ser- 
vants and some others, But Such who had no 
Demand on the Store, I have conform 'd to the 
Directions given me by Col" Stephens & M^ gfjj,"p'if ^.^th 
Parker for the most part, yet have refused M^^^paS^ 
to comply w^^ ]\P. Parker & M"". Causton 's causton". 
Orders in Some instances — particularly in 
their Order, for issuing out of the 
Stores to M^ Causton, One hundred 
Bushells of Corn, and a large Quantity of 
damaged Corn for his Cattle, the Quantity not 
mentioned, but So much as lie Sh'' have occasion 
for; I told them, That the Stores being nigh 
exhausted of All Sorts of Provisions, excepting therefor. 
Corn, I could not find, how the Trustees Ser- 
vants and others that were to be pro^aded for 
by the Store, could be Supplied, if So large a 
Quantity was issued to one person, who, I 

<:>i.j (;. 


9,0 --on ■|.»(ff;S 


T •-,■. v-tv;^;;fi r Oil] 7'^:;! .i-.- rr f 
".-'1 ■ 

> i ,'r!0^) 



Thos. Jones to Mr. Hannan Verelst. 

nearly ex. 

taken by 
Mr. Causton 
and Mr. 

of the pro- 

Day Book 

heard, had more Corn this Year raised on his 
own plantation, than any three other, in the 
Colony — They Said they would get M'. 
Stephens to joyn w'*' them in that Order. I 
went imediately to Col" Stephens & represented 
to him, how destructive it would be, for him to, 
concurr with them in Such unreasonable de- 
mands, when it was evident. i\P. Causton had 
plenty of Corn by him, as well as other provis- 
ions of all Sorts, — M^ Causton had taken out 
of the Stores on j^ 16"\ September (being y* 
next day after he had received y^ Copy of the 
Trustees Orders, %9 Cap'. Piercy) a Large 
Quantity — as you may See by the particulars 
enclosed taken out of the Day Book, tho' Some 
people, (who Say they counted the Barrells of 
Beef on the Bluff as they were taking them 
into the Periager for Oxtead,) assert, there 
were Six More than he is charged with — And 
About two in the Moraing of the following 
Night, Several Barr"s of Beef & Flower were 
convey 'd out of the Store to M^ Parkers house, 
(but none put to his Acco\ which were Seen by 
M"". Sterling's Family, who lives next door to 
him, and he has been often reproached there- 
w'*". — but was Silent thereat ; as I am in- 

I found an Inventory taken the 25'*". June last 
of the Provisions and other Effects then in the 
Store, and having the Invoyces of what had 
been delivered into the Store Since that time; 
I imagined that I could easily discover by the 
Issues Set down in the Day Book, if any Such 
Frauds had been comitted, but found one of 

tXiifl f:D'/?i ofi-fr M'lftv.;-] 

i-.i;?r;wv, .:...>J 


Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

y^ Day Books (N° 37) comencing from 24'*". 
June to 27'^. July missing (which Book I had 
in my Inventory of y^ Books in the Compting 
house taken the 20'*'. October last) I have reason 
to Suspect, that M^ Causton had prevailed w*^. 
my Servant (whom I put into y* Compting 
house to take Care of the Books) to connive at 

T) I g pji or* ^g c 

their conveying that Book awa5^ I have dis- a servant 

•' ^ *' for con- 

charged that Serv'. and his Family. I cannot ^Jvance. 

find any one person whom I can confide in (ex- 
cepting one ]\F. Harris, who came over w'^ Cap'. 
Thomson, & who assists me in the Store) but 
what by Flatteries & presents are corrupted to 
betray the Trust reposed in them. 

The Instructions I had, to examine into M^ 
Bradleys Demands and Conduct I have not been 
able to comply with. I went to his house, the fey's^co^n-' 
next day after my Arrival, and acquainted him examined, 
w*" the Instructions I had received. He said 
that he was then indisposed but hoped in a few 
days he should be able to Settle his Acco*^ with 
me. And in the mean time would order his Son 
to write out his Acco* with the Trustees. I for this. 
sent to M'. Causton desiring him to order M'". 
Bradley's Acco'. from December 25 1737 to be 
given me: which could not obtain till 22*^ 
December, which is very defective, I examind 
the Day Books (at some leisure hours) and find 

'' ^ ' Mistakes 

many mistakes and Omissions therein, as you ^^^^^^\ 
will See by comparing it with that which I have '=''^^''^**- 
taken (N°. A.) tho' am not certain, having no 
Body to assist me in examining it — Please to 
observe the Valuation of the Provisions which 
was then given me (N". 1), at which I was Sur- 

,<V J J ^ i 

.-■.^^.: iMiI -Mix 

: ;:']5. 

', / 1 ? ;j 111 


52 Colonial Records 

Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

prized, and desired to be informed when anv 
provisions had been brought into the Store at 
those' prices— The Clerk told me that they 
were valued by the prices Set to M^ Causton's, 
but desired I would give them leave to examine 
the Accot., again; And Some days after brought 
me that mark'd (N°. 2) — I had some time be- 
gvercharges ^^^^^ ^^^^ ^j,^ Caustou that he had been very 

injurious to M'. Bradley, M^ West, and some 
others, by rateing some Goods issued to them 
at double the price he had charged the Same 
Goods to others, thereby enhancing their Debts. 
But now M^ Causton,- after three years de- 
clared Enmity, is entred into a professed Amity 
with M'. Bradley, & has been entertaind at 
make?"'*°" Ms house at Dinner— Before this Friendship 
Sith*^a for- comenced I attended him (Bradley) several 

mer enemy •,-, i • 

^triid' ^"^ times, but could not prevail with him to enter 

into any Acco\ on y* footing of his agreement 

w'\ the Trustees, (Of which I had a Copy) Nor 

would he Acco* for The provisions, Tools, and 

other Effects he had received out of the Store, 

Mr. Braaiey AUcdgiug that hc was not Stinted as to pro- 

ur^e'Tf ^''"' visions and other Necessaries for himself and 

provide^^him jjig Family That the Trustees had not pro- 

with cer- -^ «. j 

^ants^^"" \Hded him with the thirty Servants they had 
promised. And that General Oglethorpe would 
Satisfy me about ye whole Affair. When the 
General came here I acquainted him with what 

oliefho^e. liad passed. His Excellency (the General) al- 
lowed, that M"". Bradley's Servants arriving in 
the Colony some time before he came himself. 
He (the General) had employed them in the 
Trustees Service for some time. And there- 


'ii>i') jlUi'i 

t1 = :,)^J.u'> .'M 

' ■'■--?■ 

Correspondence 53 

Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

fore would allow Provisions for all his Servants 
for One Year from their arrival. As soon as 
the General was gone for y^ Camp at the South- 
ward, I applied again to M". Bradley, who now 
refuses to give any other Occo^ than that you 
have enclosed (N°. B) He hath ever Since taken ^^r^^'i^by Mr. 
all oportunities of insulting me; Saying That ^''^'^^^y- 
the Trustees had Sent me over hither to Starve 
the Inhabitants, and oblige them to leave the 
Colony — And that I had refused to give him 
Provisions which the General had ordered me 
to do, Several times in his hearing, and which, 
he Saith, I owned unto him. — Which is not 
true — What Improvements W. Bradley has 
made on the Trustees Farm. I am not a Judge Sents^ made 
of, neither have I had Leisure to go So farr BradieV not 

in 6XCGSS of 

to See it; But am told by Others that what is *o pounds. 
done thereon might have been procured to be 
effected for Forty Pounds. If it does, or has 
produced any thing, there 's no Acco' of it. His 
Son's five Acre Lot is well improved, where he 

His son's 

also makes Bricks ; He has under his Direction, ^^e acre ^^ 

(besides those, he calls his own Servants) p^^^^**- 

These Dutch Servants, whose Names, Ages &c 

you have enclosed (N°. C) and who have their 

Provisions & Cloathing from the Store — Three 

of the Women Servants are his, or his Son's servants. 

Concubines, as commonly reported. One of 

them lately delivered of, Another big w*^. Child. 

Two Joyners or Carpenters (Servants) have 

been constantly employd in making Chairs, 

Buroes, & Decorations for his house as I am 

told, and have Seen them, when I have been at 

his house, So employed. 

.-,f -^^ 

lit tunriA' 

ofij no r)L»i^m 

. 'J ; • 

iJvrit 9Vf',;:i ■ (ivr iuT'^ ( vtVjgfi uov 

• If L ■^'■ 


Colonial Records 

Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

No account 
of live 

Mr. Causton 
and clerks 
given ac- 
cess to ac- 
count books. 

Frauds too 

Specific in- 

The Live Stock delivered into his Care, I can 
have no Acco' of; he Saith, that he gave an 
Acco*. thereof to Col" Stephens, & will not give 
Another; the Encrease he calls his own. 

The General having judg'd it adviseable. 
That M". Causton and his Clerks, Should have 
Access to the Books in Order to make out his 
Accompt, I would not interrupt him therein, 
tho' there has not one Acco'. been attempted to 
this day, excepting what is called a Cash 
Accopt, which has been formed from W. Cans- 
ton's Minutes, (not produced) and the Receipt 
Book — which after three Months close Applica- 
tion, is compleated. And a Copy delivered to 
me, whereby it appears that M'. Causton has 
paid £. 800 more than he has received, which 
affords matter of great Triumph to his new 
Associates, But the Frauds in that Acco' are 
too barefac'd, I doubt not but you will readily 
discover them, only gives me leave to hint. 
That many of the payments, for which there 
have been Receipts given as Cash-were Goods 
delivered. And the persons Acco''. not debited 
for those Goods, nor any mention of Such Issues 
in the Day Book — Robert How (who comes 
over w"\ Cap'. Thompson) his Receipt of Xov^ 
9th^ 1737— for £ 6 .. 9 .. 2. Cash p^ him, can 
inform you, whether he rec*^ Any Mony at that 
time, it was linen Cloth Sold him at 4/6 p y^ 
which cost 2/3 an English Ell, (w^^ advance on 
the price of Some Goods issued hath been the 
comon practise for Sometime past. By which 
Means a very large Sum of Mony must have 
yearly accrued to the Trustees, but I find no 


r. !i,a'i 

,-o 'h 

1 ■" . ; 

■ -:■■■ 



w < t 

Correspondence 55 

Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman "Verelst. 

Acco'. kept of Profit & Losse) — Several of tlie 
Payments were in discharge of his private 
Debts, Some for Draughts he had given for the 
Value rec"^ of Persons, w*"". are returned, pro- 
tested, — The Accompt, together w**". the other 
Acco*^. and Vouchers, I suppose will be trans- 
mitted you, as soon as the General arrives here, 
(which I expect daily) : I will not trouble you 
with any Obsei^ations I have made on the 
Acco", till I know what Course the Genera^ will 
take, but intend then to give you what liffht I Directions 

*-'*'" awaited 

can into any of the Acco'^ Only, That the o|i™thorpe. 
jj^jjbie Trustees may not be deceived by the 
Certifyed Acco^'. sent over. I would mention 
One Instance; you will find the Same practice 
has been used in most of the other Certified 

In October last, M^ Causton, (pursuant to 
the General's Order) delivered me a List of the List of 
Debts owing to persons in this Colony, which fo^'plr^^?^ 
had not been certifyed (for my Guidance in 
issuing Effects out of the Store towards their 
Satisfacon, which I send herewith (N° D) am" 
to £ 6673 .. 12 .. 11 (tho' far Short of the Debts 
incurred.) M^ John BrownSeld, (whose Acco* 
you'll find in that List) who had been at 
Variance w'^ ]NP. Causton for a long time, I 
understood, went often to Oxtead, and lay there 
Seve'. Nights— In December, (about the time 
of the Association,) I went to the Compting 
house, And found the Ballance due to Mr.*Brom- Mr Brom- 

tield s bal- 

field greatly enlarged; ^Vliereupon I desired to fa"rged^"" 
See the Vouchers— the Last Article in that 


<;<>' ?•-.-,?'(, 

.1 .<i^ M ; 


J" - fi 



■ ■ ^ : 




-• - 



- / 


J . -r* 




Colonial Records 

Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

Other cer- 
tified false- 
hoods to 

Loss of 

Acco* was £. 31 .. 18 .. 3V4 charged to the Trus- 
tees, as also Sever', other Articles to y* Am", of 
£ 70. and upwards, which I found by his Bills 
of Pareells to be goods delivered M^ Causton 
and charged to his Accot. I found likewise 
that all those Sums w*" ]\P. Causton owed him 
before April last, had been included in the 
Certificate given him by M^ Causton, as for 
Goods delivered for the Trustees Use into their 
Magazine at Savannah. I took a Copy of the 
Certificate, & shew'd it M'". Brownfield, and 
askd him, whether he did not then know that 
M^ Causton had certifyed a Falshood in order 
to defraud the Trustees, (he combining with 
him therein) of a Sum of Mony: He replied 
that Others who had Dealings w*^ M''. Causton 
had done the Same; Which I find [to] be true — 
And few, if any, of those Sums were placed to 
M^ Caustons Acco*, untill of late, which you 
may discover by the Interlineations in his 

For some time after my Arrival here I found 
the principal Inf 

fbut ass ftook Notice of the 

Fraudulent Methods used by M^ Causton in 
his Acco'^ wherein the greatest part of them 
were interested I soon lost their Friendship — 
And that brought on a Reconciliation of the 
greatest Enemies to one Another. And a con- 
tinual Resort to Oxtead (M^ Causton 's Seat) 
which at length produced their famous Repre- 
sentation, And other Libels, w''\ are pretended 
to be dropt in the Streets. 

tOriginal indictment. 

\yl-M '•■'"> '^/'^ P^ 

.t i 

O**?) / . 

If fTO 

I ■■»]■'<> ; 1 ! 


,^,^^^^ ._:(', ni 'f:*'"''. 

Correspondence 57 

Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 




• posed 


, Coll. 


I ens and :\lr. 




There's' no person liere that I can appl.y to 
for any advice or Assistance; besides Col". 
Stephens. AP. Christie, I believe ^^dshes well 
to the Trustees Interests, but is over awed bj^ 
M^ Parker, who, on all Occasions, acts with 
the greatest partiality in favor of M'. Causton 
and his friends. He comes Sometimes to the 
Store reeling, And, (when in that plight) com- Parker! ^^'^' 
plains of the Trustees, their treatment of M'. 
Causton and himself, — He has Seven heads 
(Dutch Servants) for whom he demands cloth- 
ing, as well as provisions, — He has had out of 
the Store since 21° October last in Provisions hfs'Svali 
&<!. to the value of 23 £. He stands indebted by ^y m^"""^ 

•' Causton. 

his Acco^ in the Books £ 239 .. 12 .. 0, if rightly 
Stated ; I have not examind his x\cco*. but find 
therein Several of his private Debts paid by 
M'. Causton on the Trustees Acco*. 

The Charles (one of the Transport Ships) 
Capt Stuart, has taken in her Loading here 
from M^ Robert Williams, for S\ Christo- 
pher's— It was generally reported, That AP. 
Causton designed to go with him for S^ Xphers, 
in order to go from thence to Eustatia. I ac- • 
quainted the General therewith. And the 
Reasons I had to believe that Report, Viz\ The 
Rude Language used by Stuart in Some Com- 
panies, concerning the General and the Trus- 
tees. The frequent going of Cap'. Stewart in 
Company of W. Parker, Rob'. Williams, & 
Hugh Anderson to Oxtead— M^ Causton 's 

. J. • , y-^ Effects re- 

contmumg at Oxtead a fortnight, having been ^°^f;^ jP"" 
in Town but Once in that time ; And his con- '""^ '''^'"- 
veying his Effects from Oxtead & removing 

-OK i ^., 

'.:■■■■> -ai ' 


CoLoifiAL Records 

Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

from leav- 
ing: the 

them to other places privately in the night 
time — All which I could make evident — His 
Excellency, the General, thereupon writ to M^ 
Causton. And also to M"". Fallowfield (the 
Naval Officer) commanding him to go on board 
the Charles & there remain until he Saild, and 
prevent ]\P. Causton or any other person under 
Bail from going out of the Colony. He writ at 
Mr. cau.ston ^^e Same time to Cap'. Stuart, charging him at 
his peril not to attempt Such things — These 
Letters came to hand the 4"^. instant, Stuart's 
Ship was loaden and at Tybee, he was to Sail 
on the Sixth Instant; Fallowfield has been on 
board ever Since, (tho' unwillingly) And Now 
Stuart Saies he does not know when he shall 

Being in daily Expectation of the General's 
coming to Savannah ever Since the beginning 
of December last I have delayed Writing, 
having no certain Account to give of any 
affairs, but shall for the future give Such 
broken Acco*^ as I am able — I have not time to 
peruse, what I have written, nor take an exact 
Copy, Only Some Minutes, that I may not 
trouble you with the Eepetition of the Same 

I hope his Excellency will arrive here before 
Cap'. Thomson goes from Charles Town, & 
Shall have y^ Satisfaction of acquainting tho 
Hon'''* the Trustees with greater Certainty how 
Affairs are in this Colony I am w"" Eespects 
Your very humble Serv^'. 
Tho : Jones. 
To ^Ir. Harman Verelst. 

delay in 
writing to 
the Trus- 

')i/-ir1; 'Ml) 'loi (;ii;!r- 1 

:i ■■'t,: 

■^nU ji}' ' 

■,v 'I; : .._ -■ ■ r\hl> J •■'. U 1 '. 

. ' i :>''i- 

v- .-// 

1 / (»•,■- ir 


Mr. T. Causton to the Trustees. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 
Mr. T. Causton To the Honoble the Trustees 


Savannali, Feb. 14, 1738 


Your Honours Orders dated the 19'\ of May 
being nnder Seal of Your Comon Council, I ^^^ causton 
thouo-lit my self thereby particularly obligd to hfmTeif 

'^ * * -r ■, , against the 

give it a Seperate answer, And as lour later censures of 
Orders are a Continuance of Your Censures, I *^®^- 
determin'd (at the same time) to pursue my 

I am Sensible, that the ^yant of Your kno^A-ing 
the necessity of the Expenees of the Colony as 
mention 'd in Your Orders dated the 12''^ of 
June, which (I now apprehend) far exceed 
Your Conjectures, must naturally raise a Sur- 
prize, and some Doubts how farr my Conduct 
could be justifyed. And I may (by sad experi- 
ence) be allow'd to say, That tis my great Un- 
happiness, the Weight of a Discretionall Power 
was in any Shape laid upon me, before a just Expenses or 
Account of the Circumstances of the Colony, exceed '"'caV 

r»nln t inn c 

both as to Publick and Private Atfairs; and 
especially before a more perfect Calculation of 
the charge of those things judg'd necessary for 
it's Defence and Support, was duly explained, 
and by some proper Channell convey 'd to You. 
I hope I may be excus'd from beleiving that 
such a Calculation, was expected from me, Xot 



''i\ 0? 

' ■■^]>. {(''") vifi ':?;'; ./r.,; ■,:,■■ • : ,■ ; :';:\r:<| 

. . . f . . ; 

;i ii: 

■• rfi'- .' 


Colonial Eecokds 

Mr. T. Causton to the Trustees. 

To guard 
against ac- 
cidents too 
difficult a 

caused by 
lack of 

only because the execution was in a great meas- 
ure to depend on my Conduct, and therefore, 
(with humble Submission) Improper for me to 
'Attempt, But also, That the events, from the 
good or bad Success. And from the Accidents, 
to which such undertakings were lyable, was a 
Task too difficult for my Explanation Or my 
JudgmS to guard against. — Both which reasons 
being considered, I imagine, that I could con- 
tribute to such an Explanation, no otherwise, 
than by directing the Accounts to be properly 
ploying people for that end, And the transmit- 
ting them (when done) for Your Honours Ap- 
probation. To effect this, I made choice of 
such persons as I could find most properly 
qualifyed, concerning whose neglects, I have 
frequently complain 'd, and I hope, may take 
the Liberty to say (when I find myself accus'd 
stated, after the execution of the facts, The em- 
on that Acc\) That As (in the Course of so 
many Years Service, under various Approba- 
tions of my Conduct) It was yearly evident. 
That those necessary Accounts were not com- 
pleted, I ought to have been reliev'd, by such 
an Assistance of more proper Clerks, w^ho might 
from time to time have shewn to Your Honours 
in a proper Light, the Nature and extent of 
such an Expence, from whence a more perfect 
• Calculation might have been form'd. And Your 
Honours Unparalell'd goodness forbids me to 
believe, that you will Censure me for not per- 
ronniug what was either thus Improper or Im- 
possible for me. — Neither can I believe, that 
altho' mv Distresses urg'd me Supplicate Your 

.!; .i(:'i:' . ■)', 

f 4 \ r 

::0 :1 ,v:,;: J';//' 

Ul i-^-i-' :Tt'iH / 


Mr. T. Causton to the Trustees. 

arise from 



favours for my jo}Tiing the Colony. I had 
thereby subjected myself to what Calumny or 
Em^ should (possibly) Suggest without being 
duly heard or proved. — 

As the application of the severall Values ^^^^^^^^ 
mention 'd in Your Orders, can be no ways ex- Sss"aVV 
plaind but by the Accounts, no particular p*ia^ation'. 
Eeasons can be given till those Accounts are 
completed, In doing which, I give my daily 
Attendance, And if any extraordinary facts has 
Occasiond those Applications, will as minutely 
as I can, Sett forth such facts, and transmitt 
them with the Accounts. — And as the neces- 
sity of such expences arises from Various Expenses 
Causes, I must confess myself incapable to re- 
late the whole, But am apt to think, that when 
you shall see the Accounts, and have considered 
from them and other Facts, which I am appre- 
hensive will soon (most necessarily) be laid 
before you, in the name of the Inhabitants, 
Such necessity will sufficiently appear; And if 
it can be beleived. That the Industrious people 
have hitherto labour 'd under Difficultys arising 
from the nature of the Settlement, and Attend- 
ed with such Unavoidable, but Fatall Truths; 
I hope you will grant. That such prudent means. 
Ought to be used As might Stop the growth of 
such Discontents As well to preser\^e the Repu- 
tation of the Countrv, As the Safety of those means to 

. stop the 

who had courage to continue in it, and Despise ffs^^^^^e^J" 
those false Representations which ill disposed 
persons were Industrious to publish — Had I in 
any Shape, taken upon me to Represent what 

J-, 'io yJ'ip. 

-.:•!{• "♦" •/'•>^;;>' Mjit . / 

'; "U.. (T')itisi 


■■J '/If 


CoLONUL Records 

Mr. T. Cau3ton to the Trustees. 

False rep- 

Exposed to 
public re- 


not im- 

ap- appeared to be the Eeal Reasons of those 
Difficultys, I should naturally have 'been gmlty 
of presuming to Correct, where my Duty was 
to Obey. — But such is my Unhappy Fate, That 
(at present) on the One hand, I undergoe Your 
Censures for purchasing what I will venture to 
call necessary Subsistance And as such, was the 
only means to defend the Industrious under 
their Difficultys, and preserve their future ex- 
pectations. And on the other hand, expos 'd to 
the publick Resentments of my Countrymen for 
perswading them to persevere in planting, and 
thereby contributing to complete their Destruc- 

The parcells which Your Honours observe to 
be purchas'd, and were not the proper species 
of provisions, or fitt for those whom You con- 
tracted to provide for, were never so purchas'd, 
but when the comon Food could not be other- 
wise obtaind ; And have been issued, either upon 
a proper Value to the Creditors of the Store 
(or whose necessity might sometimes otherwise 
require) on such a reasonable Advance, as (ac- 
cording to the best of my Judgment) was suffi- 
cient to guard against necessary charges and 
Unavoidable AVaist. 

An Account of the severall Sums Certify'd, 
and to whom due, was with the severall extracts, 
as mention 'd in my Letter of the 14^^. of Jan. 
uaiy delivered to Generall Oglethorp soon after 
his Arrivall And as all the Accounts are now 
bringing to a ballance, Those ballances will soon 
be exactly taken and transmitted. 

■n booH nc: 

?■'■■ ^0 

f'..:V.'>' " ViVl'^t 


Mr. T. Causton to the Trustees. 

Captain Thompson inform 'd me of Your objections 
Honours Objections to his Account certify 'd Thompson's 
the 21**. of January 1737. agreable to Your considered. 
above mentiond Orders, And for the better Jus- 
tification of the Values thereby said to be 
advanct to the severall people therein men- 
tiond I beg leave to Observe, that the Reverend 
M'. Boltzius had at that time, upwards of 5£ 
Sterling Value in Account with the Store in his 
Favour. — That part of M^ Broadie's Servants .. 
being then employ 'd on the Western Eoad, The 
Value in said Account would thereby be soon 
repaid, "Which if I had not agreed to, he must 
have Sold those necessary Tools with which (as 
a Carpenter) he propos'd to get his Bread; 
And I imagin'd, that the Recomendations which 
he brought W. Provost Hossack, a Coppy of ?a'io^''T' 
which (having been transmitted) might be li^oS"for 


judg'd a reasonable Inducement for such^ a 
Creditt. — That M^ Thomas Upton having de- 
liver 'd me M^ Verelst's Letter signifying, that 
the Earl Egmont was certain, that the Sum of 
£30 Sterling would be paid to the Trust for his 
Account, I was led to Imagine, that the answer- 
ing for such a Creditt on his behalf would be 
approv'd of, and needed no particular reason prol-ai^fSr 

^ granted. 

from me. — That John Moore IMackintosh, 
Samuel Smallwood, Eneas Mackintosh, Ensign 
Hugh Mackay and John Rea, being each of them 
in Your Honour's Service, and thereby entitled 
to their Severall Establishments, It would be 
easily supposed, That if they had occasion to 
purchase any thing of M'. Thompson, As the 
Value of such purchase, would stand in Ac- 


\i\-.;\d) (I'.'.'.d'ir 

V.' 1 

64 Colonial Eecords 

Mr. T. Causton to the Trustees. 

count against such Establishments, It was not 

Imediately necessary to give other particular 

Reasons. — That John Warwick having been 

jno. War. recomencled by Generall Oglethorpe as one, who 

wick rccoTTi- 

Gen^^^ogil ^^^^ ^ Genius for planting, and shewing a great 
pVantlr.^^ ^ desiro to employ himself in that manner, I con- 
fess my zeal for giving the utmost eneourag- 
ment, to so necessary a work led me to Answer 
for the Value therein mention 'd, And as such 
Value was of small extent, I hope to be excus'd 
Stlfers, for not assig-ning particular Eieasons. That 
liami and" Jamcs Smitlicrs being mention 'd to be em- 

Patrick i , t • 

?t'%^a^iue"lf P^oy'd m erecting the 8aw ^MiU, ]\p. Robert 
the Colony. "Williams 's Servants on the Western Road and 
Patrick Graham in Attending the Sick, The 
Values for their uses would stand against their 
Respective Demands — And altho' it may be 
Must noc (?i"i"oneously mention 'd that the generality of 
ieifances.^^" ^hc Said Values are advanc't. It ^\ill appear 
that they were no otherwise so, than because 
the Respective Demands on the Store were not 
and could not, (by reason, the proper Vouchers 
were not roced) be then entred to Account or 
otherwise explained. — As M^ William Wil- 
liamson transmitts his own Account to his Re- 
lations, I apprehend, Tliat such Value, will 
either be answered by them to the Captain or 
repaid to Your Honours. — And as to the 
Value on my Own Account, I humbly hope, that 
^Vs prac- neither the Value there mention 'd, or any other 
Value in any other Account, will be judg'd to 
be done with any ill Design, or unreasonable 
having allways been -Strictly carefull, that the 
smallest matter, which has in any Shape, been 

'<! ,;''"r£f;; ■t;'j;rT '^'iMiii •<:/.;'/ '•;.■,) 

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Mr. T. Causton to the Trustees. 

lyable to a tliouglit for the particular use of 
self or family, should be exactly entred to my 
particular Ace', allways confiding, That when 
Your Honours should think proper to reward 
my Services you would, (as you are pleas 'd to 
mention in Your above mention 'd Orders dated 
the 19'** of May) further reward me for the 
great Burthen which has lain upon me, for ward for 

'-' '- ' imairinary 

severall Years past. And I must beg leave, so burdens. 
much the more to insist on Your belief in this 
manner, because I can, and do Defye any Per- 
son whatever to iirove that I have either Spent 
my time Luxuriously or Idly. But contrari- 
wise. That all my Actions will demonstrate a 
Design to promote the Welfare of the Colony. 
And because of Sundry Malicious and false Ee- ilciouTaSo'" 
ports which probably may have reaeht Your p'^ns/^' 
Ears, I can and do Defye any one to prove or 
Shew that I have carried on any Secret Trade, 
or been a Factor for any One, That I have by 
any Means or Channell whatever, amassed or 
procured for my self at any time any unjust 
gains. Or made any Eemittances in money or 
Goods to England, the AYest Indies or any other v. 
place whatsoever. — As the reasons for all the 

severall Articles with which my Account stands Begs an un- 

charged will more properly be laid before you, ^°^^ion. 
when I shall transmitt such Account, I beg that 
nothing will be (in the mean time) construed 
to my Prejudice, being extreamly anxious. That 
you should be minutely acquainted As well, 
with all the Particulars and the Reasons for 
them As also of the purposes to which they 
have been apply 'd. — 

:; ,'fv>V 

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--hjii'w '^♦ojiiq 



Mr. T. Causton to the Trustees. 




Hurst em. 
ployed by 
Mr. Caus- 
ton as tran- 
scriber of 

diary of 

M'. Henry Parker not having paid me any 
Eent on Account of Mary Cooper, It has not 
been in my Power to make her any Eemittances 
pursuant to her Letter of Attorney; And when 
I do receive any such Eent ^ill not fail to Ac- 
count for it, agreable to Your Comands.— 

Your Honours Orders dated the 4'\ of Au- 
gust last mention 'd the Eeceipt of my Journall 
to the 24'\ of July 1737. And I humbly Appre- 
hend, That you have since reciev'd a Continu- 
ance thereof to the 25'^ of September, follow- 
ing. As the business of the Colony would not 
reasonably permitt myself to transcribe such 
Journalls, I was oblig'd to employ Samuel 
Hurst, (one of the Clerks) for that purpose, 
at such times, As Your other Services would 
admitt. And as his time (being in no shape an 
Accountant) was taken up in coppying Letters, 
Papers, Day Books, and Accounts, the tran- 
scribing such Journalls was consequently de- 
lay 'd. 

I have continued to keep as perfect a Diary 
of my Proceedings as my time would allow. 
And am sorry, it has not been in my Power to 
transmitt it to its proper time, being always 
sensible, that thereby I should (in a great 
Measui-e) remove those doubts which ill Dis- 
pos'd people might have rais'd, And my Con- 
duct have reced a more favourable construc- 
tion. As I am certain, I have at all times, duly 
confin'd myself to those facts which in some 
Capacity or other came under my Cognizance 
in discharge of my Duty to Your Honours, free 

had ' 


Mr. T. Causton to the Trustees. 

from any thought of aspersing any one in a 
private Capacity or Character, as is Suggested 
here I hope, (from Your known Justice) that 
altho' it might be proper to shew W. Thomas 
Jones those Diarys before he left England, He 
will not be countenanced in making his Obser- 
vations upon it here to my Prejudice. I should 
be more particular in this Aifair, but such is vindicate' 

^ ' conduct. 

my Desire to Vindicate my Conduct, and Ob^y 
Your Comands, That I (at present) choose to 
undergoe the worst Event, than seem to expect 
your favour, further than my Actions shall be 
found, (on an Impartiall enquiry) to Deserve. 

Desires to 

I am Sorry to find myself charg'd with pre- 
suming to disregard Your Honours Orders charged 

with disrc- 

dated the 14*''. of December 1737. bv certifying gard of 


the Accounts of Captain James Macpherson, 
Eobert AVilliams and Comp. and Mess'. Ellis 
and Eyan, because I can take upon me to say. 
That every one of those persons were ac- 
quainted with those Your Orders, and were 
then told, that they must consequently hazard, 
such Objections as you would certainly make 
should payment for them be demanded in Eng- 
land. — Captain Macpherson as Comander of 
the Garrison at Fort Arg>de demanded such Commander 
Cei-tificate and represented to me. That he had r|son at 

'- ■ Fort Argyle, 

been at extraordinary Charges in providing Sfn^le-*^^^* 
Horses and necessarys for his Company on 
Creditt, And that unless he was enabled to con- 
tinue such a Creditt to his people, by my Imedi- 
ate Payment, or such an Assurance, As he could 
Raise a Creditt upon, It was impossible for 

Capt. Mac- 


4 V1M-. 

■.v-'i jJis'^'A. biU- 


ur -.':>;';■« oil 

> r> 

68 Colonial Eecoeds 

Capt. Mac- 

Mr. T. Causton to the Trustees. 

him to keep the People in Garrison, and threat- 
^hr^ts'lo en'd, That unless, I comply 'd with his Demand, 
service. He and his men, would imediately quit the 

Service; This proceeding of Captain Macpher- 
sons. As it was Sudden and seem'd to be veiy 
extraordinary, I could not, (with humble Sub- 
mission) think it proper for me to deny his 
Eequest. Because such a Deniall, might have 
given him a Pretence to have executed his 
threats; which (if done) would certainly at 
that time, have expos 'd the Colony to many 
ISds^and" Dangers, The Spaniards and French, being 
Imoni th'e''^' then. Very busy among the Creeks and other 

Indians. . -C- , • x? t t • i • 

neighbourmg isacions ot Indians m makiug 
Presents, forming Treaty s and Stirring them 
up against us ; — I was at that time, very dan- 
gerously ill, and therefore in a more particular 
manner than usuall consulted Collonel Stephens 
and the Majestrates as to this matter and now 
enclose, Coppys of the Captains Letter and my 
Answer on that Occasion. As to M^ Eob*. Wil- 
liams and Comp and Mess^ Ellis and Ryan, I 
am certain, that I not only frequently repeated 
to them. That Your Honours had determin'd, 
All pa^Tnents should be made at Savannah; 
t^n?akraii ^^^ also, that many Accounts Prior to theirs 
iavannah. ^ would be certainly sent back, for like payment 
here. And That they must expect (As the 
necessary expences of the Colony had exceeded 
Your Calculations) to wait for such pajTuent, 
till an Account of those expences could be laid 
■ before you and Affairs would permitt a Suita- 
ble remittance. — And it was never otherwise 
told them or any one else, than that as many 

u; !■>}:. 

1,?:^;* /_:;:-t /■-!'* ').:<•■ 

Correspondence 69 

Mr. T. Causton to the Trustees. 

Certify 'd Accounts iniglit be return 'd for concerning 
paym'. here, And many other Sumes likewise plyments. 
due to Sundry persons which was not certify 'd, 
A faiT less Sum would be remitted (at present) 
than would be Sufficient to discharge them; 
And that therefore, each person so concern 'd, 
could only expect such a Part as was agreable 
to their Demands and the other Imediate 
Services of the Colony would admitt of — And j^^^ ^^ 
I can take upon me to say, That all my expres- ^iff?'dt"^ 
sions were of this Nature to eveiy one, who had the stores. 
(from the time of Your Honours said Orders) 
any demands upon the Stores. — And therefore 
if it shall thus appear upon an Impartiall En- 
quiry, and that the providing further Stores 
was necessaiy, I hope you will believe, that I 
thereby endeavour 'd to discharge the Generall 
parts of my Duty, And Altho' the Seuce of my 
own Integrity, and Variety of business pre- 
vented the thought, that such particular Eea- 
sons was necessary, You will recieve such en- 
deavours, in mittigation of the Charge for dis- 
pensing with Your Comands ; And contrariwise 
beleive, That I did render as punctuall an Obe=^ 
dience, as was consistent with the then Circum- 
stances of the Colony. 

My Cash Account, is herewith sent wherein 
all Your Honours Sola Bills, As also all other 
Cash as hath in any other Shape come to my ^^^"""^fe 
hands since the 6^\ of February 1735. is duly cau^ton 
accounted for. And as it thereby appears, that the^'coiony. 


the Discharge exceeds the Charge, I beg leave 
to say, that I am apprehensive some part of 
my own particular Cash has been appropriated 

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Colonial Records 

Mr. T. Causton to the Trustees. 

through the 
of clerks. 

Mr. 1607*3 

to the use of tlie Colony besides tlie Sume of 
£oO which I mention 'd in my Letter of the 14'^. 
of Januaiy to have drawn in favour of Mess ^ 
Montrigut and Comp on ]\P. Oglethorpe for the 
purchase of Hogs and other Provisions in De- 
cember 1736. As Errours may possibly be dis- 
covered on a further perusall of the Accounts I 
have not charg'd the Cash Account as such, 
But have left it for my Creditt (till Such fur- 
ther examination is taken) when my particular 
Account shall be laid before you. 

The Generall Heads of Account for the Year 
1736 as mention 'd in my Letter of the 26'**. of 
May last, were all then drawn out, And the 
Coppys near finisht ; But tho' the utmost Charge 
was given, they appear 'd (upon examination) 
to be so very full of Errours, thro' the Inca- 
pacity of the Clerks that it could not have 
answer 'd the Design, which by my said Letter 
is mention 'd, But least it sho^ be doubted if 
such Heads were prepared or some false Eea- 
sons Suggested for its not being sent, I enclose 
it to M'". Yerelst; And that those Errours may 
be amended. Those Generall Heads are put into 
other hands to be rectify 'd, And will with a 
Continuance to tlie end of my Acting as Store 
Keeper be transmitted. — 

I have herewith enclosd M". Jenys whole Ace'. 
after a full reexamination, which I imagine will 
clear up the Observ^ations which M"". Yerelst has 
made ui)on it, to Your Honours Satisfaction. 

The Reason, for my Suffering M'. Bradley's 
Bill on ]\F. Yerelst to be charg'd in said Ac- 

H';; <.' 


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Correspondence 71 

Mr. T. Causton to the Trustees. 

count, is, because M^ Thomas Jenys produc't 
M'. Oglethorpe's Letter to his Brother, As an 
Authority for such a Charge, And ha\ing shewn 
the Coppy of such Letter to the General!, I 
have herewith enclos'd it. — 

The Liventory's of remaining Stores at Sa- 
vannah taken the 29*^. of September 1738. are inventorys 

of remain- 
herewith enclos'd Witnessed by the respective ms stores. 

Clerks who took them, wherein those Articles 
purchas'd here, or of which, I have any bills of 
parcells are according to such Cost charged. 
And the Condition Xoted. — Upon the Arrivall 
of Generall Oglethorpe I gave W. Jones poses- 
sion of the Stores ; And expected to have reced 
an Imediate reciept. But he thought fitt, to 
Issue away the most necessary part, without 
any Examination, or giving such Reciept con- 
trary to the Opinion of those, whom Your Hon". 
had authorized to direct him; And afterwards 
refus'd such Reciept, under a Pretence, That 
he must examine into the Value of every par- 
ticular. — I have also entred on these Invento- 
rys Such Annotations, as I have been able to 
inform myself of, which ]\P. Jones after more 
than a Three Months Posession thought proper 
to make, But having no Reciept to this Hour,. 
I thought it necessary, that the Clerks should 
certifye, their own Actions, And (they tell me) 
are ready (if occasion require) to Swear it is 

The French Prisoners mention 'd in my Jour- 
nal, were taken (among others) at a Battle, by 
the Chickesaw Indians, when the French attackt 


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i!ll ItB 


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.■(t!t £?,d 

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Colonial Eecords 

Mr. T. Causton to the Trustees. 

The rescue 
of some 
French pris- 
oners by 
Mr. Thomas 
from the 

One of the 
hanged on 
the way to 

blanks in 

those Indians; And M\ Thomas Andrews, One 
of the Traders in that Station, liaving acquaint- 
ed ^P. Oglethorpe, That he had been the means 
of preserving the lives of these and one other 
of the said Captives, from a Criiell Death, (Mon- 
sieur Bienville brother to the Governour of Xew 
Orleans, The Son of a Secretary of Pi-ance, a 
Priest, and 19 other Captives having been 
burnt) M^ Oglethorpe enjo^'nd him (before his 
last return to England) that at any piice w'ever 
he would redeem, and bring them all three to 
Savannah. — In pursuance of which, The said 
Andrews with 4 Chickesaw Indians Sett out for 
this place . One of which Captives being taken 
(on the way) with a Flux, And not recovering 
by the Eemedys which the Indians administred, 
they thought proper to hang him, The other 
two arrived here, to whom, I i.-^sued allowances 
from the Store, And thoy waited Upon the Gen- 
erall at his Arrivall. — ■ 

Tlie Blanks, left in my Journall for Sums 
paid, was intended to be filled up from the 
Leidger, But as it was forgot (the Books not 
being at hand, when the said Journall was 
transcribed, I humbly hope, that such an Omis- 
sion will not be thought very Materiall, because 
the Accounts themselves will sufficiently shew 
what those Sums were. — 

I am Sorry, I should be suppos'd to be IP. 
Mr. Causton EiUs's Factor, wlicu It is well known, and can 

accused of 

E& ^^'"' '^^ prov'd, That I have denied all Offers of that 
kind. And am ready to Answer any Charge, for 
being in any Shape concern 'd (^-ith design) in 

' i. ,!l ^ 

;Kl ?' 

LkOi^ i!'^ ' '•' 

M'. J 

,,..x;f'- 't' 



Mr. T. Causton to the Trustees. 

anythino: whatever, uubecoming the Character 
of one who Stedfastly was Your (only) Duti- 
full Servant, And tlie great Trust you were 
pleas 'd to Eepose in rae. The Beef mention 'd 
in Your said Orders, was (at first) purchased 
for the use of the Stores ; And being soon dis- 
covered to be unwholsome (after a proper Con- 
demnation) reced such a Fate, as the Law 
directs. And I humbly apprehend, that neither 
he, nor any one in his behalf, can have any just 
"Complaint or Charge upon that Account. 

I have enelos'd M'^ Watson's Letter of Attor- 
ney to me, together with the Defeazance of a Mrs. wat- 

■ son's Ictt©!* 

judgment, which she was pleas 'd to send; As of attorney. 
also her Husbands whole Account with the 
'Store, (w^*". some time) since Subsequent to 
his Discharge from his Confinement, were all 
examined and adjusted with his Consent. 

The Sum of £46 .8.7 Carolina Currency has 
heen allow 'd to Eubriek Kalcher upon the Ap- 
plication of the Eev^ ]\P. Boltzius, agreable to 
M^ Vatts Letter and Your Order. — 

I humbly hope, that what I have mention 'd 
in my Letter dated the U"'. January with re- feA^ints!""" 
gard to the Creditt taken myself, for Servant, 
brought as well by Captain Thompson, As a 
Go-by — Cap'. Hewitt, And also to the Creditt 
given to M'. Broadie and M'. Upton, will re- 
cieve Your Honours approbation; Those Serv- 
ants delivered to the Creditt of Archibald Mac- 
Bean, being particularly Subject to Your 
Comands, he has no pretence, from any Act of 
mine to deny a Eeturn of or imediately pay for 


11. T;:l 0>;!c 

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Coloniaij Records 

Mr. T. Causton to the Trustees. 

Lieut. Jno. 
ing officer 
at Darian. 

them. — Those to Alexander ^lacLeane, Benja- 
mine Mackintosh, Lieutenant John Moore 
Mackintosh, and Kenneth Bayley were deliv- 
ered to them respectively at the particular re- 
quest of the said Lieutenant being the Comand- 
ing Officer at the Darian ; I have therefore given 
them Notice That such payment is expected. 
Those in the Service of James Anderson being 
duly charged to his Ace', there appears to be 
due to him the Sume of £77 . 3s . 8i4d ster on 
^ a Ballance. — LachSan MacBean's wife ,is with 
her husband, and he being a Man of Substance 
(at present) in the Indian Station I hope to be 
excus'd for such a Creditt, which he will not 
fail to Satisfye at his Eeturn. 

Having thus endeavour 'd to lay before you 

Satisfactory Answers to Your Honours Sev- 

erall Comands before mention 'd, I beg leave, 

further to Offer to Your Consideration, How 

busin^ess\n far auv One, tho' endow'd with far greater 

excuse for ,.,,'. -^ 

over^i\t3 qualifications, than I can presume to be posess't 
of, can possibly in every part Accjuitt hiijiself, 
when thus Loaded with business (which I will 
Venture to call here, of the greatest conse- 
quence) without proj^er Assistance ; Especially^ 
when I imagine it will be allow 'd to be neces- 
sary (As well for my better executing so gen- 
erall a Trust, As for manifesting to the AVorld 
my Fidelity with regard to the Expence) All 
Accounts, and Entrys Ought and were kept^ 
and entred by such persons as seem'd to be 
best qualify 'd. — 

And I beg leave further to Offer; How farr 


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Mr. T. Causton to the Trustees. 

it was possible for me to Confine the expences 
of the Colony to Your Hon"^. Limitations (which 
my own Safety, as well as my Duty required) 
when three fourths of the time was elaps'd, for Difficulty of 

res trie t in "^ 

which those Limitations were Calculated before expenses." 
they arrived, And consequently before I could 
possibly make such Alterations, as were agre- 
able to those Limitations, the time for which 
they were calculated would be wholly expired. 
And (if the King's Forces arriv'd according 
to expectation) other different Orders might be 
reasonably expected. And I am very Appren- 
sive, that had I omitted any Eeasonable en- 
deavours to keep the People together, till those 
Forces arriv'd, I should have expos 'd myself 
to a iust Censure, Because when the Italian Silk winder left 

^ ^ Colony. 

winder was Suppos'd to have left the Colony 
thro' Discontent, I was told by Letter that you 
were much Surprizd to hear it. Because it was 
in my Power to have prevented it. 

From what ever Quarter Your Honours 
Doubts of my Conduct or good Endeavours may 
Arise, I can take upon me to say, That no "VYill- 
full Act of mine has occasion 'd it, xVnd as my 
past Services were rather the Effects of Your 
Choice, than my Intercession, I cannot yet be- 
lieve, but that You will favorably accept Such 
Endeavours. And beleive me to be 
Yo^ Honours 

Most Dutiful 1 Servant 

T. Causton. 



Februarv 14'\ 1738. 

■A 0.1 ^ 

it'..„r •■ 

ii.> ; ■;• 

)^;». /'I';--: 



Colonial Eecords 

Mr. Brooks to the Earl of Egmont. 

Mr. Brooks to the Eight Hon^^^- the Earl 
OF Egmont To be left at the Hon^^. Perci- 





York Feb. 17, 1738/9 

Three con. 
branches of 
trade: Silk, 
hemp and 

My Lord, 

The Honour of your Lfordship's Letter came 
safe to me at my Eeturn yesterday out of y^ 
Country, wliere I had been a Week which pre- 
vented me from returning an Answer sooner. 
I am very Sorry the Trustees have it not in 
their power to comi)ly with my Proposals, which 
I flatter 'd myself would have laid the Founda- 
tion of three very considerable Branches of 
Trade very beneficial to Old England, because 
silk, Hemp & Flax might very well be carried 
on by y^ same hands without interfering with 
each other, for after sowing of Hemp and Flax,. 
the Mulberiy-Trees come to be in perfection 
for feeding of Silk Worms; and the Silk Har- 
vest (as they call it abroad) is over before 
Hemp and Flax are ripe, and the breaking and 
dressing of these may be work for y^ rest of j^ 
year, tho I have contrived a Machine, which ^vill 
assist 'em in that part of the Work, so that 
SiSPin^e^s- iiiany hands may be otheinvays employ'd: A 
if a'nT4°' material Thing in the first establishing a new 
Colony. Another Thing of great Consequence- 


/' ^': 


'.;'"' ; 

■ .- , . :.' •;''•!, i!;)^-i j>'ifi '«^'t ;: -aiit'^ 

Correspondence 77 

Mr. Brooks to the Earl of Egmont. 

ought carefully to be look'd after in the Be-- 
ginning of such new Establishments, viz: to 
take sujEficient Care that y^ Poor be supplied 
with our own Manufactures, least they Should 
be fore'd to emi:)loy 'emselves that way, when 
their Industry should be turn'd into another 
channel more beneficial to Old England, which 
now may easily be done, but I am told this Cir- 
cumstance has not been sufficiently attended to, 
none having as yet undertaken to do it, this I 
will contribute to as much as in me lays, fo± I 
have given orders for a large quantity of this 
Country Cloth and Hose to take with me; and 
as I find in the printed Letter from Savanna 
that they are in great Danger of wanting Corn a contribu- 

. tion of 

before next crop can be got, 1 have also given cioth, hose 

^ o > o ajifj wheat 

directions for buying a great quantity of our coiony. 
best Wheat for their Subsistance w"'^. I shall 
get away as soon as every thing shall be com- 
pleated, I am very sorry they are reduced to 
such Straits, but I hope they will soon have an 
End of their Troubles of that Kind. 

As the Trustees are oblig'd by their Charter 
not to grant more than 500 acres to one Person, 

Not more 

yet I will go if they will grant to me and to my ^'jan^ soo 
son each 500 acres to our Heirs and Assigns ld"*to^e^" 
for ever vdth all mines & all other Priviledges 
thereunto belonging, tho that will be far short 
of my first proposal: Here is a neighbour of 
mine who will be glad of 500 acres also, whose 
name &c: together with my own I shall give 
your Lordship and the Eest of the Gentlemen 
when I shall do my self the Honour to wait uj^on 


,:.^''i"fl m'r'4 

'»;' ' ; 1 .■■ 

!!; ,; i i-rv 

■i) .'• 

'• 1 '' 

78 Colonial Eecords 

Mr. Brooks to the Earl of Egmont. 

you, which shall not be delay 'd longer than ab- 
solutely necessary after I shall have a Letter 
of your agreing to these Terms : I only con- 
ceal my Name &c: 'till I am certain of going, 
because I think it better so to do, together with 
other Seasons, with which I shall acquaint your 
Lordship if requir'd at a proper Time. 

The Season now advancing very fast makes 
Sk?k*° me that I would willingly be there soon, if I 
at once. ^^ ^^^ which now I believe I may be certain off 
since I shall want no more from The Trustees 
than their grant which I make no doubt I shall 
have together with my Son's and also the other 
for my Neighbour, but of which I beg yoar 
Lordship will be pleas 'd to give orders that I 
may have the earliest notice, because of sending 
the Seiwants to prepare every thing necessary 
for y^ voyage, which I have so contriv'd may 
be done in a Month's Time; this will add to the 
obligations due to your Lordship from 

My Lord 

Your Lordships most Humble Se|. 

York, Feb. 17 1738-9. 

Please to order y^ directions for M^ Brooks at 
IX Burton's in York. I never had an answer 
from ]\r. ^Lirtin yet. 

P: S: As I had made a mistake in the direc- 
tions of my last, I am affraid of doing the like 
again, not having the Honour of knowing, 


^^■f:*>v;> •> : .S{'t'i 

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Correspondence 79 

Mr. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

where y^ Lordsliip lives, so have directed it to 
be left as your Lordship sees, least it should 
not arrive in due Time. 

Mr. Joxes to the Acco'^^^^'^ Eec^ by Capt^: 
Yeoman 14 May 1739 Eead May 23^. 1739 

Savannah Feby. 1T\ 1738 

On the 13'^ Instant in the Afternoon, thirty 
Six Indians of the Chactaw Nation arrived 

The Choc- 
taw Indians 

here, We knew not of their coming, 'till we guests of 
Saw them at the Bluff, Thej were conducted to 
the Courthouse where they were entertained 
with Tobacco, AVine and Biscuit ; They, by their 
Interpreter, (a French Youth who lived some 
Years among them, and deserted from a French 
Garrison in their Countrey about two Years 
Since) acquainted us. That they were Friends 
to the English ; That they protected the English 
Traders and conducted them Safe to and from 
their Nation ; That they were come a great way Jomfto 
to have a Talk with The Great Man, and were ^^th the 

' Great Man. 

detemiined to see him ; That they would tarry 
for his coming here, or go to him where he was. 
There was no Meat in the Store, Nor Beer. I 
bought two Hogs And three Barr'", of Beer 
(with my Own Money) And last night had three 
of y^ Trustees Steers killd, And brew'd an hh"^. 
of molossoes Beer, which I hope may Suffice 
untill his Excellency, The General arrives; I 


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(^i.K "U,-i 1. :■ I 

80 Colonial Records 

Mr. Jones to Mr. Harnian Verelst. 

imediately (with Col". Stephens' concurrence) 
dispatched clispatcli'd A Canoc to advise the General and 

to advise 

thlfrpe^of^' ^^^r^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^' ^^' ^o receive his Orders in a 
the^arrivai ^jg^, ^^ ^^^^ ^^^. ^^^^, ^^.^ troublcsom and ex- 

Indians. . .-. i ^ , i i • i 

pensive (jiiests, but have hitherto kept them in 
good humor ; Tomo Chici with his Chiefs came 

Tomo -XT 1 1 • . 

Chici. lesterday to pay them a visit. The further 

particulars his Excellency, when he comes here 
will, I doubt not, acquaint the hon*''^ Trustees 

Melancholy ^hc Mclaucholy Condition this Colony is in 
the co^iony. at present. My own Insufficiency to undertake 
■ any Measures (if I was Sufficiently instructed) 

that may tend to bring Affairs into a better 
Scituation, The Absence of y" General for So 
long a time from these parts, And The Awfull 
Contrivances daily renewed by a party here, to 
hring all things into Confusion, And to re- 
Awfuii con- Pi'oach the Good Intentions of the honourable 
Srthfngs*° Trustees, endeavouring to lay the Blame of all 
fusion.'"'' the Calamity and Distress, the People labour 
under, at their Door, give me great uneasiness; 
but am resolved, with God's help, to use my 
best Endeavours to Stem y« Torrent, if I perish 
in the Attempt: hoping their hon^^ will not for- 
sake the few honest industrious persons in 
Georgia, who have been the only persons for 
some time past neglected & put under hard- 
ships, but will in due time Appoint Some per- 
son of a better Capacity that can use closer 
Application to Business, than I have been 
inured to. 

You have (for Some Years past) known that 

r,i,;/. u-'i- 

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. - f ! , 

!■■ <f 

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Correspondence 81 

Mr. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

my good wishes alwayes attended the AVellfare 
of this Colony, which continue the Same Still, 
therefore in treat You will excuse to the Hon- 
ourable The Tmstees any unguarded Expres- 
sions, the Proliscity, and plainess, that may be 
used by nie, I shall have, at all times, a regard 
to Truth in what I write— which had it been 
more consulted by some others in time past, 
This Colony would, in all probability, have been 
in a more flourishing Condition, than it is in. 

For Some time, after I came to Savannah, 
I imagined that the great Disorder, the Trus- Disorder in 

® ^ affairs 

tees affairs were in, proceeded rather from paused 
Neglects; through M'. Causton's haughtiness "^^i^'^*- 
of temper, And his having too many Affairs to 
manage, than from any design 'd Knavery or 
Injustice in him; I took the Liberty of com- 
municating my thoughts to his Excellency, to 
the Same jjurpose. And daily press 'd M". Caus- 
ton to render as plain & full Aceo\ as he was 
capable, of all the Affairs under his Care and 
Managem^, And tho' it was evident. The Trus- 
tees had Suffered greatly by his Misconduct, 
which he might be led into thro' an hurry of 
Business, and his being obliged to entrust the Sfteved^ 
Managem'. of Some affairs to others, Yet, I did through the 
not doubt but their Honours would be Satisfied cliSfon. 
when he represented to them the Difficulties he 
had laboured under. And that it appeared he 
had not Sought his private Interest therein — 
He Said That he had not got the Value of a 
pair of Shoes in the Trustees Service, but Spent 
his own fortune, complain 'd of his hard Usage, 

■' ( ',:■;'■; 

i- •!'.?> i 


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'i iv/i'o 'All 

82 Colonial Records 

Mr. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

& threatned to apply to Parliament for Satis- 
ton's threat faction. That lie would not concern himself 

to apply to 

I'^^ariiament about the Accounts — that was the Clerks Busi- 
fa&tion. j^ggg^ ^^^^ Yie had never writ in the Books, That 
he had been too faithfull a Servant, And had 
not dealt in any One Comodity, nor been con- 
cern 'd in any Traffick or Business, whereby he 
gained One penny (tho' often Sollicited thereto) 
Since he had engaged in their Service — I was 
Soon after convinced to the Contrary. The 
ReV^. M^ Bolzius of Ebenezer desired me to 
See what Credit had been given him for a par- 
cell of Linen (whereof ye Prime Cost in Ger- 
many was Seventy One pounds Sterling) which 
he had delivered to ]\P. Causton; I look'd into 
his Acco*'. in the Books, but found no mention 
therein of any; I then enquired of ]\P. Causton, 
the Reason he had for not giving M'. Bolzius 
that Credit. He told me that he had taken that 
Linen on his private Account and had Sold the 
greatest part of it, And that ]\P. Bolzius might 
bring his Action against him, if he pleased, 
That there was' one piece and a Remnant left, 
which M^ Bolzius might have, or he would leave 
it in the Store. Many such instances) you will 
meet w'*" in his Acco^^ when Sent over. 

The heavy Expence w'^''. the hon^'^ Trustees 
have been at, in Supporting this Colony will 
appear, when the A''ouchers for those Expences 
shall be sent over for your perusal. In the mean 
time I shall only mention two instances of what 
has been undertaken this last year, how neces- 
sary I shall not determine — The One is, M^ 

Ji-^f? I 


i ,;r/. 

M .s>', I !•■>( ]'■'/■ ' »'..'':>/'- 

;(; :);;'. 


Mr. Jones to Mr. Harman VerelsL 

Bradley's house, w^^. Cost at least 600 £. and 
tho' magnificent enough, is not tenable, nor will 
last two years without being Underpropt and 

The con- 
struction of 

other Reparations, as I am inform'd, M^ Brad- housefby" 
ley is Still carrying on Additional Buildings; ley! 
I have told some of the people, who Supply him 
with Materials for building, and Workmanship 
That y* Trustees have not given any Directions 
for Such Building, but he assures them the Con- 
trary and carries on the work — The other, are 
additional Buildings to the Store. The Carpen- 
ters Bill being but a few articles, have enclosed 
a Copy, with Some Remarks I have made 
thereon therefore shall only add — That when I 
first came to this Town, I intended to build a 
small Room, as an Addition to the Lodging I 
had taken, and talkd \\dth Carpenters about the 
price of their Labour, they demanded four 
Shillings %9 Diem, being what M^ Causton had 
always given ; I told them that what I agreed 
for I would pay them in Money, And should not 
oblige them to take it in Comodities. That I 
never would employ any Carpenter or other, 
that requird more for his Labour than the usual 
prices paid in London, where Labour was 
dearer than in any other part of the World I 
had ever Seen— they then offered to work for 
me, at two Shillings & Six pence a day. 

I have not undertaken any thing of that 
Nature hitherto, not knowing how Soon I may 
remove hence (if with Aprobation of the Hon'''^ 
Trustees) yet could I see any way wherein I 
should be Serviceable to their Interests, Or that 

I' ' ' '■tu; 1 '■;!,;!, -r; 5 Mill 

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J • ' , 


Colonial Eecords 

Mr. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

my Endeavours might be of any Use for the 
Good of the Colony, I should chearfully spend 
the remainder of my Days here, being, I think, 
a very healthy Climate, and agreeing the best 
with my Constitution of any that I ever 
breathed in — There are Some things in the 
Behavior of the People very disagreeable & 
offensive to me — Viz\ 

The Profanation of the Lords .lay. When at 
Church, in the time of divine Service, can hear 
observed. contiuual firing of Guns, by people that are 
Shooting at Some Game, Others carrying Bur- 
thens on 'VA'Tieelbarrows by y^ Church door. 

The Uncomon Leudness practiced by many 
and gloried in — 

Retail of 
rum and 

The Negligence of Officers, in permitting 
Several in this Town to retail Eum & Strong 
Liquors, unlicensed, who have no other visible 
way of Livelyhood, where Servants resort, and 
are encouraged to rob their Masters — All 
which, I doubt not, when the Hon*"e. Trustees 
shall be more fully apprized of, will be reme- 

I need not Mention, Profane Swearing, and 
Mr. Parker Drunkeuess, which are not So comon here, as 

and Mr. . 

Jenkins m Somc othor places, & few are notorious 

drunk and '- ' 

disorderly, therein, besides M^ Baileff Parker, who, I have 
Seen wallow in y Mire. On Monday last in 
the Evening he went to Jenkins's (a Public 
house) where (for the Entertainment of the 
Company) he agreed for a Bowl of punch That 
Jenkins should be ^lagistrate, And he the Laud- 

iiliJj"! M.' ;» ■' . J' 

,^/.if f-^M.: 

Correspondence 85 

Mr. Jones to Mr. Harinan Verelst. 

lord for that Niglit, they Stript themselves be- 
fore the Company and exchanged Cloaths; 
Parker called for the Liquor, but Jenkins ex- 
ercised his New Authority in a very despotic 
manner, not only by calling his host, Parker, 
Drunken Smab, and other oprobrious Xames, 
but chastised him, & threw him down ; 

It is with no Small Concern of mind, that I 
trouble you with Such trivial (tho' melancholy) 
Accounts, but have nothing agreeable and pleas- 
ing from this part of the Colony to acquaint 
you with Yet do hope when his Excellency visits 
us, Affairs will take a better Turn. 

The Stores are (by the Issues made towards 
pa\Tn\ of the Debts incurr'd) rugh drained of 
All, Necessary, Provisions — There's no Meat- iVw 
kind of any Sort ; nor Eice, & but a Small quan- 
tity of Biscuit, But having iSome Flower yet 
remaining, I have of late bought Indian :\Ieal 
(w'\ I paid for) with which, and half Flower, 
I caused Bread to be made, which gives better 
Content than Biscuit, And comes at a much 
cheaper rate. The Meal cost five Shillings ^ 

There is a large Quantity of Indian Com yet 
remaining, tho' none of it Sound and good, a 
great part damaged, all which I have remov'd 
into the Store, & hope to preserve from further 
damage, 6000 Bushells of Corn was bought last 
Summer at 2|4 — 2|8 & three shillings V* Bush'\ 
and put in large heaps into Several houses, in 
the Town, hired for that purpose, at a dear 
Kate, where it remained without ever being 



\ ,' 

/i-.-'m'-; 'Had haj; .■•■.■:,;■./ 1 

.■■'(•:■ : ' ( : ' -■ 

.:-^. ::;•)>: .i(A. 

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. .' ( '. ! ) ■ i I / ■ 

■ ■■iviiT 

'P / < = ,•'-^^iH)■!l ^.0.! 

86 Colonial. Records 

Mr. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

tumed, or taken any care of, till 28 1^ November, 
(I could not prevail on W. Causton to deliver 
it into my Care before that time, Saying that 
Will'". Ewen (bis Serv^ant), who had privately 
withdrawn from the Colony & gone to Carolina) 
had the Corn under his care, and that I must 
wait untill he came). The Corn liad sweated, 
the Weavil was got into it And Some of the 
houses it had rained into, that, when opened, 
the Corn Seemed to be a Green Field, it had 
Sprouted, & was grown to a considerable 
heighth — I have issued the best Corn at 
Eighteen pence 'q;^ Bushell, (being the Piice the 
people at Ebenezer Sell their new Corn at) tho^ 
it is much cheaper in Carolina, as I am inform- 
ed. The damaged Corn at One Shilling ^ 

The Inventory of that, and the other Effects 
delivered into my Care, I shall Send over as- 
soon as the General arrives here. And hope soon 
to Send an Acco'. of the Issues, tho' am much 

Mr. Jones . . ,\ -i . ^ 

one oS*^ "° Strait 'ned in time bemg (at the best) but slow 
can^'deje^nd iu AVritiug, as wcU as Aprehension and having 
scriben^" HO pcrsou to Assist me that I can confide in, 
so much as to transcribe what I have wi-itten. 
I have a Youth (W"\ Russel, One of ^ Clerks) 
to assist me Sometimes, but is So attached to 
M^ Causton, by his being 'Sent for to Oxtead,. 
& caress 'd, that I dare not depend on him, 
ha\ing found him tardy— when examining the 
Day Books with me. — 

Yesterday, M^ Causton told me, that he had 
discovered Several Errors in his Cash Acc^ 

I iij\1 .31 i:^;<:i/. 

Correspondence 87 

Mr. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

and desired me to deliver him the Copy, which y^j. causton 
he srave me of that Acco^ (^^. I refused) And ces3^1:o ^ac- 

*=* . counts. 

told me he must have Will: Eussell to write 
that Acco'. over again, the which I consented 
to, he being but of little Service to me. — 

If what I write is worthy of y^ Eegard of 
the hon"^ The Trustees, I doubt not, but you 
will acquaint them therewith, 

I am 

Yo*". very humble Serv*. 
Tho Jones. 
To M^ Harman Yerelst. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Mr. Jones to Me. Harman Verelst^ Acco'^^^'^ 
AT Y^Georgia Office Westminster, Eec^ by 
Capt^. Yeoman 14 May 1739, Eead May 23, 

Savannah, February 23. 1738. 

In mine of y^ 17 1*' I acquainted you that the 
Chactaw Indians were come to this place, & that glfe^ifJ-pe 
I had on y^ 13^ Instant Sent a Canoe, advising " ^om':^"^'''^ 
the General, then at the Camp at S'. Simons, of 
their Arrival, I expected his Excellency here 
by the 19"", or to have received his Orders, but 
iim hitherto disapointed. 

' ' -.^ '' ,.t 

ir (/r 

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■>IX'* 1 

ii'?T.; L'lu 


88 Colonial Eecobds 

Mr. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

The Difficulties I daily meet with, render the 
Sle°"n^°'" Scitiiation I am in, very uneasy to me, I cannot 

juries done . ., , i -r • • t j. j.i 

the^Trus- patiently acquiess y^^ the Injuries done to the 
hon*"^ the Trustees, in the havock and Waste 
comitted on their Estate & Effects in this 
Colony which is now carried on without any 

Live stock M^ Causton would give me no Acco'. of the 

not account- . , , •■ . . n m l j.i 

able for. Livc Stock belonging to the Trustees, there- 
fore can only Eeport, What I had from others. 
M^ Mercer tells me. That Ninety & Nine head 
of Cattle, bought of W. Clay in Carolina, were 
brought to this Town and, by M^ Causton 's 
Order, were delivered to the Care of M^ Henry 
Parker, this last year. Those Cattle were turn'd 
out of the Penn, without being first marked w|\ 
the Trustees Brand, as had been accustomed. 
Of which Number there are not Forty now re- 
maining, (on M". Parker's Island or planta- 
tion, near Vernon Eiver, whither they were 
then sent) but have either gone back to Caro- 
lina, or are destroyed. There are Several 
Steers and other Cattle belonging to the Trus- 
tees (under whose Care, I know not) that feed 
near :Matthews (Musgrove's) Plantation, The 
Said Matthews is lately gone to live at the 
Forks, (being a great way in the Nation, on 
the Altamaha), he has some Cattle on his plan- 
tation here, which he has left to the Manage- 
ment of M"". Eobert Williams, as reported.— 
And has left one Critchley in his house at y^ 
Plantation. Which Critchley, has kill'd Sev- 
eral Steers of late (belonging to the Trustee-* 

I O! T: 

.'i ;:■' 



MJ '.'' 0!,- l 


,i :,';.:<)■• ►.Mi •*;./,' 

i .' : i \ 

,.\vu.\UA II \v.\:\i!i\ 

Correspondence 89 

Mr. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

as I am inform 'd) and disposed of the Car- 
casses to People in this town, he has threatned }^^^ ^-y 

•^ Critchley. 

to Shoot me, as I am told. I acquainted Col". 
Stephens V^. the affair, & designd to have gone 
with an officer yesterday to Matthew's in order 
to view the Hides, if not destroyed, but am 
advised to wait untill the General arrives, who 
is daily expected. 

I receiv'd a Letter from the General on the 
S'*'. Instant, wherein he wills me, to let f. IT™. 
Bradley have out of the Store (inter Alia) Provisions 
11'". of Meat ^ Diem. I accordingly on the Bradley. 
10'^ issued to him 109^ Beef, & Since, 60'\ of 
Pork. About the Same time M'. Bradley 
brought, into his Yard, two of the Trustees 
Steers (being y largest in the Colony, as Said) 
AATiich Steers I had Sometime ago brought in, 
w'^. design to have them broke for draught, but 
was then told, that they could not be broke, 
being Six Year Old. M^ Bradley said he would 
break y* Steers for plowing on the Trustees 
Farm, which I did not oppose; I was told, the 
next day that he had mark'd y^ Steers with his 
own Brand, & had Sent them into his Lot. And 
yesterday morning, I was inform 'd, he had Trustees' 
slaughter 'd one of the Steers. About two liours slaughtered 

^ by Mr. 

after he sent his Servant to me, at y^ Store, Br^'^'^y- 
desiring I would let him have Some Meat, being 
out of Provisions. I told the Servant, That 
^P. Bradley might be assured, I would find 
some way to Supply him with the provisions, 
which the General had ordered, before the 
fifteen days were expired, for which time Pro- 
visions had been given him. 

.Cv: i/l in ,'"fX 



I i 



■,'1 i , ;•> ii:;L.'*/i;i'^ 

V'M; ■;; , 



Colonial. Eecords 

Mr. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

and insults. 

Ruin and 
of the 

It is generally reported that lie has fre- 
quently killed, and disposed of the Trustees 
Cattle, besides those he calls his own but can- 
not come at any Certainty of y^ facts. 

The Eeproaches and Insults I meet Trith do 
not much affect me, but caimot calmly endure 
to See the Trustees Effects (w'^. which I am, 
in Some measure, entrusted) squandered away 
by a Sett of Idle and Luxurious people : I have, 
heretofore been entrusted with, and had the 
direction of much larger Concerns (tho' not 
of so public a Nature) for others; I always 
lookd upon the Interest of my Employer, as 
my own. And hope, shall always think and act 
accordingly . 

I would not willingly offend the Honourable, 
The Trustees, (for whom. And their generous 
Designs in establishing this Colony, I had the 
greatest Esteem (even before they were my 
Masters) but must beg leave to Say, That un- 
less their Honours can find Some Expedient 
to put a Stop to the prevailing Iniquity, and 
Eapine, which at present prevail, I hope I shall 
be excused from the Engagements I am now 
under in their Service & that I may not be a 
"Witness to the utter Euin & overthrow of One 
of the most generous, benificent, c% disinterested 
Designs that I ever knew undertaken. 

I am 


Y Your very humble Serv'. 
Tho. Jones. 

S Fjiuii HiiO c-!ir. 

'li '/.^ J; ■ ;'" ' '■ ■!> J(j '>;i ? i"'^' 

u\a i 

-fjl ,'■; "■/ 'iijii ; ^; 

Correspondence 91 

Jno. Crosse, Junior, to Genl. Oglethorpe. 


(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

John Crosse Jun^. Esq^. to Gex^. Oglethorpe. 
Thencriffe Portorotava the 28^\ Febry 1738. 


"Without having the honour of your acquaint- 
ance I take this freedom to let you know that I 
was informed a few days ago very accidentally 
by a person come latelv from Georgia of vour winT^lor 

•' -"^ •" . " t'^® Colony. 

intention to provide that Colony with some 
Madera wines, and as this Island affords those 
of the same sort which are commonly called 
here Yidonias, likewise green mountain mam- 
seys much the same as mountain Malagas com- 
monly called here Batans, which several sorts 
by experience near these twenty years past I 
find to be equally well liked of late as Maderas 
over all our American Colonies, and doubt not 
may be the same at Georgia, wherein I am con- 
firmed the more by a late experiment (which 
was the first ever made) at Charles To^\'n in 
South Carolina where a friend of mine M^ Eveieigh. 
Samuel Eveieigh by name had desired me to 
send him a hundred pipes which gave such sat- 
isfaction that I daily expect One vessell to load 
a hundred and fifty pipes and another fifty pipes 
and another fifty to sixty more for the same 

Said wines are not only every way equal in 
quality to those of Madera but cheaper in price, 
the latter being seldom or ever under fourty 

.^O/I L<HO^ {';':■;,; 

.1/ o:k(si '!:•■/ 

Ot OiN 

■,;,'..,;' Mill 'I'M 'i';^-i:!: ■■ 

^'Mi ;■.,'/ [)i{<8 

92 Colonial Eecords 

Jno. Crosse, Junior, to Genl. Oglethorpe. 

pes of 8/8 but rather more and the former as 
seldom exceeding thirty at a regular medium, 
besides two other considerable advantages in 
favour of these wines here which are all pur- 
chased in exchange of British manufacture and 
provisions with an advance commonly of about 
twenty per Cent when reasonable in price and 
well bought at home whereas Maderas are 
usually purchased eitlier with bills of Exchange 
or goods at prime cost without any advance 
thereupon, which several beneficial circum- 
stances in favour of these wines to the advan- 
tage of Great Britain it self and said New 
Colony I hope may preponderate equally with 
the laudable generous views of the Hon^'® Trus- 
tees and your own to preferr these said wines 
to those of ^.fadera when occasion offers, 
wherein besides complying with the obligation 
incumbent on me with regard to the Character 
which I have the honour to bear I shall with 
much pleasure exert my utmost efforts in this 
particular towards promoting the unexampled 
generous views of the Ilon^'. Trustees to whom 
^'rossT"'^"" my Brother M^ William Crosse will have the 
honour to deliver tliis in your absence, and to 
communicate whatever directions may be fur- 
ther necessary for prosecuting this matter to 
best advantage begging you will please to be 
referred to him in order to avoid protracting 
this to any greater prolixity. 

An Experiment likewise with some Brandies 
?nrnvim- ''^"'^ l^ropcr uiamscy wines may not perhaps be 
sey win.s. auiiss. As a great true admirer of vour won- 

jMiVi' ■;.'!:!;■ 


• or 

'null '>:>' 


[ii ii 

:iilJ •;, ili^'fO-JO"'! '^O 

Correspondence 93 

Hugh Anderson to the Earl of Egmont. 

derfiill indefatigable labour in your present 
Noble design I most EespectfuUy Salute you 
and Sincerely am 

Sir Yo^ most Obed'. humb. Serv\ 

John Crosse Junior Consul. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Copy of Letter from Hugh Anderson to the 
Earl of Egmont. March 3, 1739. 

My Lord 

"VYben a person presumes to take up your 
Sops: time So Valuable in public and private 
life by a long epistle it Should Carry allongst 
with it an appollagie either from its value or 
necessity, The first I have no title to, the Second 
I plead as my excuse. 

M'L^ I am no Politician and never entertain 'd 
thoughts of medhng with Other policies than 
those of Nature and Vegetables, But VTien ^'o* .^._ 

~ ' politician. 

Signall Misfortunes threaten a Society each 
Member is Oblidg'd to Contribute his Mite for 
the publick benefite: Such is the Melancholy 
Disposition of our atTairs, which oblidge me to 
wave the following what inclination & Genius 
would dictate for those measures which pni- 
dence and Necessitv for the present inforce, „. „ .,„, 
and to lay before your Sop'/: the present Citu- 'JmMeV^ 

,• n -VT i 1 • !• ^ • Province of 

ation 01 your poor attlicted province ot Georrjui, Georgia. 

f'-roJ -nfi 

'• aO:l // 

'iH)i ■.■■:\'r 

i ,' 


•Vv> ' 

,1 •!-.rii;i'>l/: 

94 Colonial Eecords 

Hugh Anderson to the Earl of Egmont. 

which has been So much the Object of your 
comi?t^on^of Care and the exercise of Your Humanity. I 

the inhab- . on 

itauts, no Wise doubt but Informations from properer 

hands and more able Capacitys are laid before 
your Sop/: but as Truth and Sincerity Shall 
^ide My pen I rest assured it may be Some 
Confirmation to have the Same Conveyd in 
Different Channells. 

The Eepresentation of this Di^dsion of the 
Province of Georgia which Cont-ains the prin- 
cipall Causes of the g'rivances and present de- 
plorable Condition of the Inhabitants has I 
doubt not before this time been presented to 
the Honble board of Trustees. As the generall 
heads of it regard Culture and trade I Shall 
beg leave to lay before your Sop"/: my Senti- 
ments on both those points. 

The Concurring Circumstances of his Maj- 
esty's and the Nations bounty and the Generous 
imdertaking of the Honble Body of Trustees 
which could only flow from a disinterested View 
to the Happiness of Mankind, AVere Incite- 
ments sufficient to engage Numbers of Persons 
of Spirit and Eesolution To Bisque their All 
upon the success of An Experiment So appar- 
ently well Concerted and Probable: and in the 
execution whereof the Adventures might "\Var- 
rantably expect all Assistance of AYisdom, 
power and humanity. 

But the best Concerted Schemes are but 
fi&d°^' Theories and can not arrive at Certainty untill 
schemes are ^^^ -^ Exccutiou : According to the best of mv 

theories. tit t r-r • ^ 

knowledge and Capacitv I shall endeavour to 

r To 7b'->H ON'fjo'I 

. i«"' 


r ' ■:.fA''i'.. , 

■^,^5-' > 



Correspondence 95 

Hugh Anderson to the Earl of Egmont. 

Show how far the Concerted Plan has Suc- 
ceeded; what now retards its further Success 
and threatens to Conclude: the hopes of the 
Nation, the joy of Friends and terror of our 
Adversarys in Confusion and Tragedy, Which 
no doubt your Hon"^. and the Nation will take 
the justest measures to prevent. 

I repeat it My Lord That it was the Joy of 
Friends the envy of Neighbours and the terror Pamts a 

^ graphic 

of Enimys to See the Barrierr and Safeguard p'^'"^«- 
of British America Eise like an Exhalation 
under your forming hands, Beautifull towns 
built in the most healthfull and Advantageous 
Cituations Villages Cutt out and Cultivate 
Forts at the properest passes erected and 
guarded for the Safty of the Inhabitants, Our 
Navigable rivers Coverd with Yessells and 
made a New Azilum for Brittish Ships and 
Commerce in peace or war And the Outmost 
Isles and lines of our boundaries Fortifyd 
within Sight of our Adversarys. Such was 
lately the Cituation of Affairs Sufficient to 
Oblidge the French (After having in vain tried 
all the Arts of Peace and terrors of War to 
draw off from our interest or destroy our 
friendly Indians that border upon their Settle- 
ments,) to Send over numbers of regular Forces 
to reinforce their Garrisons, xVnd the Spaniard 
to augment their forces at S^ Augustine and 
erect new fortifications upon the Apallatche Harrassing 

^ ^ conditions. 

fields. But Ah how fain: how Chang'd; The 
Beautifull town of Savannah Decaying and 
Desolate The greater number of its inhabitants 



■;!i ^no- 

>■:;'' f:.a;v :.-)l?I 

:;:; , j 'iw:; 

-7T :i^' 


;£ 0*; 

96 Colonial Eecords 

Hugh Anderson to the Earl of Egmont. 

dispers'd in other parts of the world to Shun 
Miser\- and Famine, the Remainder Dispirited 
and in want of Common Necessarys of Life_ 
supported only with the Assurance of the 
justice of the Nation and Honour and Humanity 
of the Trustees. The Cultivate Plantations 
deserted and overgrowing with brush The Vil- 
SantltioJs lages Unpeopled, Manufactures given over, 
vfiflgel" un. Credit lost And publick works mouldering to 

peopled, etc. ^ j- 

Destruction before they are finishd. My L"^ : I 
may well apply here the Conclusion which the 
Trojan Hero draws from the review of the 
Tragedy of his Native Country quis falia fan do 
tempard a lachrimis. 

This Colony is composed of two Setts of Peo- 
coiony pie, those AYho were Sent over by the Trustees 

?w™^ltfs °' and Supported bv them or Others who from the 

of people. , " ,. r-^ T J1 • 

probable View of Success ventured their pri- 
vate fortunes in the Adventure without being 
burthensome to the Publick, Both I Shall now 
view in the Same light. As either party have 
Spent their Publick Support or private stocks 
in prosecuting the intended plan in the first 
necessary and essentiall Article of Cultivation 
without Success, I do not Say that every person 
of the society has exerted himself this way 
But it Suffices for my Argument, that So many 
of each kind have with all dilligence, care and 
Application prosecute the Experiment, That 
now it appears from the repeated tryalls of Six, 
five, four, three, two and one Years, that the 
labours of the Industrious has sooner exhausted 
their Substance than Idleness could have done 


' ) /'' 

Correspondence 97 

Hugh Anderson to the Earl of Egmont. 

And that it is impossible for us in the present 
Cituation we are in bv the produce of our im- 
provements to ballance the expenses of them 
for which I Shall Assign the following reasons. 

1^'. The Nature of the Soil. 

It appears from a Simple view of the Surface 
of the Soil of this Province and all the Maritim Nature of 

, n the soil on 

Coasts of America that we are now possest oi the Georgia 

C03.S t* 

the Spoils of the Ocean which Certainly at Some 
time Cover 'd all this part of the Continent, the 
Particles of Matter while in a State of fluidity 
by their Mixture with the Water Subsided ac- 
cording to their Specifick gravity and upon the 
Retiring of the Sea exhibits a levell surface of 
Sand, of which Consists the greater part of our 
farm land. The Eivers proceeding from the 
distant mountains in their naturall tendency to 
the Ocean where they mett with resistance bed- 
ded, and dilated their waters forming Swamps 
and Morasses untill their iSwelling and proper 
gravity overpowering all resistance diggd out 
those Channells in which now they flow, And 
therfore the Second and lowest levell of this 
Country is equall to the Surface of the Rivers 
and Consists of Savannahs, Swamps, Morasses, 
and Cane and Cypress galls many of which af- 
foord the most Valuable Soil the Violent Cource 
of the Rivers having Carried off the Moveable 
Sand and discoverd tbe Clay and loamy Strata ^'^^n<3s. 
tliat lay underneath, and of Such generally are 
the Rice grownds. 

The face of the earth Naturally Sowd with 
the Seeds By the hand of the Almighty, when 

'\ ■ In 'f. 


*>' if Jt; 9; ■/:.!/:" 'V'i i T?'> ' 

1'//iU *);'t 1o 

98 Colonial Records 

Hugh Anderson to the Earl of Egmont. 

impregTiate with the fertilizing dews and 
warmth of the Sun Would Soon be coverd with 
vegetable productions most Suitable to the 
Nature of the Soil Climate &c. And thus I 
present Your So'p | : with a Natural Landskip 
of this part of the Continent. 

It might be expected that the Continuall fall- 
ing of the leaves from the trees might in So 
fnSched by many Centuries have coverd the Naturall Soil 
leivet^^"" with a fertile Crust of Eolled Manure, But such 
is the Absorbing Nature of the trees and plants 
who generally Spread their roots and fibers 
upon the surface or the exhaling heat of the 
Sun, or both. That hardly is the Sand tinged 
with a different Colour, and where it is upon 
the best high grownds which produce Oak and 
Hickery the mixture of black earth descends but 
a few inches. And where the Land is Pine-Bar- 
ren the Soil is much less improveable, Ineed Say 
no more to Convince your Sop | : that No Ex- 
traordinary returns can be expected, that the 
grownd stands in need of Continuall Supplys of 
dung and proper manures (which for the pres- 
ent we can not furnish, And that So thin a Soil 
by the powerfull influence of the Sun must be 
soon exhausted, I talk of improving by Sowing 
of Corn and other the first necessarys of life. 
As for other manufactures of Silk and wine, I 
shall afterwards express my Sentiments. Tho 
the Retuims are small the necessary culture in- 
cludes a Continued Course of toilsome labour, 
and intollerable to the Constitution of British 
Servants, Such as Felling Cross-Cutting, log- 

I Mr'i 


Hugh Anderson to the Earl of E&mont. 

Heat and 

ging Heaping Burning Splitting, Bailing, How- 
ing planting Clearing, Eeaping &c. And es- 
pecially when -we reflect npon the Second rea- 
son Viz the 
2^. Heat and Climate. 

-. irieai ar 

It will easily be beleived that a removall climate. 
from Brittain to So Southern a Latitude must 
ver>^ Sensibly affect the Constitution, and that 
the excess of heat in the Summer dissables the 
Servants from working in the Midle hours of 
the day, but to explain how the heat may occa- 
sion those many diseases that they are Subject 
to is the Province of a Phisician Only, this 
I know that it \isibly affects the Barometer in a 
Surprising manner, Occasions a violent per- 
spiration and lanquor of the Animall Spirits 
and relaxes all the Sollids of the body. 

Nothing more conduces to releive either per- 
sons or vegitables than a free Current of Air Metho^^^ jor 
which as yet we enjoy in very few places, for °i/pfan^' 
their being no Concert or Methods taken for 
Cultivating Contiguous Plantations the many 
Small improvements made are Cutt out of a 
Surrounding forrest which Admitting no Ave- 
nues of Air the health of the inhabitants is im- 
paird and the hopes of the labourer diss- 

3^ The Expense of Mantainance is so great 
that an extraordinarv return must be expected Expense or 

. .11 -n mainte- 

to defray it. The lowest proportion that will nance 
Satisfy working Servants is one pound wt Flesh 
one pd bread kind per day and one bottle Mol- 
lasses per week, Many exceed tins quantity and 

■-'i.y til ui 

.Ybofrciij 'iq 

.■u.n e 

>7 10 >?.ao^^ 

);5 lo -h;.:^ JinO' -vr. 

■>- / 

a.1.1 ■':(i[->Ui 



100 Colonial Eecoeds 

Hugh Anderson to the Earl of Egriiont. 

if it were possible to retrench it the Masters 
would gain nothing by it for Serts when dis- 
contented are of litie Service — It adds not 
a litle to our necessitys that as we can not raise 
those necessary provisions of our own AVe must 
buy the greater part from Strangers at double 
the price they give in the Neighbouring prov- 
ince. And in proportion as our Poverty en- 
creases, our Credit decresses Provisions grow 
Scarcer and the price augments, to this join 
Cloaths, linnings, Shoes and oyr necessarys with 
the Chargeable Article of Sickness and expenses 
And I must Conclude (tho I do not pretend to 
understand Politicall Arithmetick) the totall 
Can not be less than 10 or 12£ Str. each And 
I must Say that the expences of Phisicians and 
Appothecarys is amongst the greatest griev- 
ances we labour under. Our Servants are So 
Sencible that it is impossible for them to ex- 
ecute the most laborious parts of Cultivation 
Great nura- Avith Safty that great numbers have deserted 

b6rs of s©r* 

dSrtedf''® ^^^ dayly do So well knowing that in all the 
other provinces there are Negi'oes to undergo 
those labours that would be fatall to a British 
Constitution and of those who remain Almost 
Certain Sickness and frequently death is their 
fate and the loss of time the Smallest part of 
the damnage that the Master suffers. 

4^^. As the Plan of the Severall lotts were 
Cutt out regularly and without regard to the 

o£f without Quality of the Soil In many places they occurr 

regard to , ' ^ •' 

sofi^Vtc^^ in pine barrens which are Unimproveable or in 
Swamps where the necessary ditches and drains 
surpass the abilitys of the Planter. 


to ^:'r;q 


Hugh Anderson to the Earl of Egmont. 


5'^ I Shall only add upon this head an other 
reason that hinders the Success of the laborious Ssoiute^y"^' 
planter and that is Poverty. Cattle Hoggs &c 
would be most useful! in supporting the family 
but are absolutely necessary to enable him to 
improve his land Carry his Commodities to or 
from Mercat [sic] and oyr uses 

MS: I presum to Say that Since my arrival! 
in this Collony I have with the greatest appli- 
cation I was Capable of prosecute the improve- 
ment of my Small farm. Cleard Enclosed and 
planted 15 Acres with Corn, Potatoes, Peas, 
Eice Cotton, Tobacco, Nurceries &q. In doing 
which and Mantainance of My family I expend- 
ed 150£ Str The returns of all which amount- 
ed to about 6£ Ster: Nor was this the great- 
est of my losses, two of my Servants deserted 
to Carolina four dyed out of my family twelve 
Continued Sick a long time my Self after Six 
months of Illness given over by Phisicians and 
a Charge of Sick— bed expenses included in the 
former of above 50£ str. God Forbid I Should 
lay down my Case as a mean to judge oyrs by, 
I hope few have Shared so many misfortunes, 
but I may be bold to Say that every Person has shared 
sustaind losses and that none can pretend by f^rTuLf ^ 
his improvements to defray the fifth part of 
his necessary expendings. 

That we are as incapable to relieve our \ec- 
essitys by trade as Culture will Appear from Trade not 
reflectmg on what is said in relation to our K^^to^^/e 
Servants, Xo branch of Trade and Manufac- ^^^"-'""' 
tures can be usefull or profitable unless the 

-.) ,^3- 

l-jj. Gl 


to hr.q iinll of(J 


-» .:h- :i 

Oil 7/ot 

■<>. u.^ ['aVi;-:!! ■ '^ i'rn^ 8'^7ut 


CoLoiTiAL Records 

Hugh Anderson to the Earl of Egmont. 

profits arising tlierfrom dos Overballance the 
Necessary Charges, And Our private Conven- 
iencies has Oblidgd ws to try Severall kinds of 
them, boards, bricks, tannage &c which lias made 
Some Circulation from hand to hand amongst 
our selves. But how Could we ever expect to 
Export those Commodities to forreign places 
ing^co?onies when our Neighboring CoUonies Can affoord 

■enjoy great- 

tage^s*^''^^" them at a Much Cheaper rate, and in a great 
measure have even broke off our endeavours to 
proceed further by pouring in upon ws those 
very Species much below the extent of our nec- 
essary expenses. I aknowledge that Some Lum- 
ber and slaves have been exported from tliis 
Collony But I do averr it as truth that no ad- 
vantage ever did arise to the exporters further 
than that it was perhaps a less loss to employ 
their Servants in Such labour than Culture. 

The Second reason which dissables us to pros- 
ecute either Trade or Culture is Our want of 
Credit. Your Sop | : knows Very well that 
both the Meckanick and Mercantile part of Man- 
kind live more by Credit than Stock, And the 
Man who has a probable Scheme of impro^dng 
Credit is naturally entitled thereto, We have 
Exhausted our Publick supports and Private 
Stocks in prosecuting the Scheme laid down to 
ws by the Ilonble Trustees, And now Stand 
in need of Credit to enable ws further to go 
on This Credit now so necessary for our Sub- 
sisting and well fare we are Cutt off from by 
wanting a full right and title to our lands and 
being laid under a Chain of restrictions to 

Want of 


i:i ;■(;■■) 


Hugh Anderson to the Earl of Egmont. 

which all his Majesty's oyr Subjects in America 

^ot Riven 

are Strangers to. The Wisdom of the Honble fuii rights 

^ and privi- 

board in not Dispensing to ws at Our first Set- lifn|^^°n 
tlement the full right and privileges Containd chlrter"^^ 
in the Kings most gracious Charter, ^vith the 
conveyance of which in the properest manner 
those Honble persons were entrusted was never 
by ws calld in question, having Ashurances that 
those restrictions were temporary for prevent- 
ing the abuses that might arise at the Settle- 
ment of an infant CoUony and untill a proper 
body of laws under your Consideration Should 
be perfected, For who could scruple to entrust 
his interest in the hands of such Honble Guar- 
dians. Not untill the last Scene and I may Say 
Catastrophy of our Tragedy have we presum- 
ed in So unanimous a manner to request and 
insist for those just releifes Which the ex- 
igences of our Affairs, the justice of the Nation 
and Humanity of the Honble Trustees makes 
ws depend upon 

My Lord: I will be bold to Say that in no 
part of America are there a handfull of More , ^ ^, , 

A handful 

resolute Spirits either to withstand an Enemy sjirul^'"^® 
defend their property, (if they had any) or dare 
difficulties, And As we have not iled our Coun- 
irj for Crimes but generously ventured our 
lives in effecting a Settlement upon the most 
exposed point of his Majesties dominions 
"WTiere the barreness of the Earth, [sic] the 
Aspect of the Heavens and Cituation of our 
bordering Enemys all Conspire to Shorten our 
lives and Exercise our Courage and Patience, 

io/: .e.mMb 

'Ml itj ,];.:' I 

rri ban 
.1 i'U. 

■j'-i 0"; 


104 Colonial Records 

Hugh Anderson to the Earl of Egmont. 

We might and do expect that Our priviledg-es 
and libertys Shall equall those of our fellow 
Subjects For who would Would [sic] venture 
his life to defend no propertie or fight to Secure 
to himself Slavery and poverty. 

It would be presumption in me to launch into 
arguments for Support of our Cause with your 
So'p I : Whose Sympathy and Humanity will 
Supply Stronger & more moving defences than 
I can express The Voice of ou. Case is suffi- 
ciently moving without imbellishments to Affect 
the Generous, It is sufficient to the Skillfull 
Phisician that the Circumstances of the Patient 
be clearly and justly represented To prescribe 
the method of Cure were superfluous. 

As For the Manufactures of Silk and Wine, 
Man-jfacture I entertain the most promising hopes that thev 

of silk and '- <=> l 

(especially the former) may turn to the great 
Support and enriching of the CoUony and in 
time If your Hours Shall be pleas 'd to give the 
Proper orders and Supply the means of bring- 
ing those Experiments to perfection Commence 
a Staple Commodity wherein Our Neighbouring 
Collonys do no wise interfere with ws or we 
with them. But this is more tlie subject of our 
faith and hopes than of our present Advantage. 

And Now M L. : To Summ up the Whole It 
Recapituia. appears morally Certain That this Collony 
Cannot Subsist upon the present footing, and 
if is to be alter 'd in the favours of others why 
not of ws who have risqued our all in the Ad- 
venture, And vdio are chargeable with no blame 
but that We could not effect impossibilities. 



■vn: !■';;. 

■U'^^f i'i' 


1 D'-ir :- 

'iMM /^ 


Hugh Anderson to the Earl of Egmont. 

The effect 

Were I to Advance that The Dissolving of 
this Collony would Dissapoint the Noble de- J/'dils^tv- 

-^ . ing the 

signs of the Nation, and leave this now import- coiony. 
ant Pass a prey to the French or Spaniards, 
render the advantages of a regiment and garri- 
son Useless as well as impracticable, Irritate 
the Indians, endanger the loss of the Indian 
trade and Expose all the Northern Collonys to 
the Insults of Adversarys. These might be in- 
formations to oyrs but can be none to your Sop 
I : Whose Comprehensive knowledge engrosses 
the Politicall interests of States and Countrys. 

It is probable My Lord, that the particular 
difficulties of my own Cituation may necessitate „ ^ 

'' •' May ha 

me to Seek bread for my family & Children in breld^'^eise- 
Some other Corner of the World before Meas- 
ures for retriving the State of this Collony Can 
be taken by the board But this Shall never abate 
my Solicitude for the Prosperity of this society 
of which I am a present Member, nor my Grat- 
itude to the Ilonble Trustees and particularly 
your Sop | : for favours received "WTiich I Shall 
allways Aknowledge And I presume to hope 
that your Goodness will regard my Sincere in- 
tentions as an Appollogie for Many wealvuesses 
which render this letter unworthy of being pre- 
sented to your Sop I : I am &v. 


''>'^'i:i I 

'■ iAVA Hv V 


' :; ■:) r';.; ::^'; .Of; < 

■iijn7 JliilJ 

.V^o 'f,. i; 


y 106 Colonial Records 

Robt. Trevor to Mr. Martyn. 

Feom Eob"^. Trevor to Me. Martyn. 

Hague, March 3^ n. s. 1739. 


As I was not favoured Avith Yours of the ll'\ 
past 0. S. till Sunday last: This is the first 
Opportunity, I have bad of assuring You, that 
I shall not be wanting, if applied to, to serve the 
Persons therein recommended to Me, in their 
Passage thro' This Country, as far as lays in 
my Power; tho' I hope They will not have much 
Occasion for my Assistance, but that all the 
Precautions required by This Government, with 
respect to the Transit of Emigrants, will have 
The Transit becu taken, & complied with, either by Them, or 

of emi. ^ J 

grants. whoever has the Direction of their Journey, or 

else that the smallness of their Number may 
have exempted Them from being regarded, & 
treated, as Emigrants; whom the Dutch Gov- 
ernors, & Commanders upon the Frontiers have 
Complaints ^^^ Standing Orders (occasioned by the Com- 
habi&nt?'of plants of the Inhabitants of Gueldres, & the 
tfong^tle^ Towns aloug the Meuse, of the many Incon- 
Meuse. veuieuces. They suffered from These People) 

• not to lett pass, without They produce a Certif- 
icate of some sufficient Subject of This State 
having given Bail for their orderly Passage 
thro' & contracted with Them for their imme- 
diate Transportation out of it. Till of late there 
was but one Merchant at Eotterdam, with his 
Associates, who was allowed to answer for, & 

'<■'.) "■ ' '■' 

io '')]'\-}f 

■iy\_'f' itj '">\',}i 

.'] 'J ■ '*V 

T .;> •! ii'tili 


Robt. Trevor to Mr. Martyn. 

transport These Emigrants ; but the States, ap- 
prehend] g that such a Monopoly might give 
Occasion to abuses, and Extortions, now grant 
Their P; ssport for the Entrance of These poor a grant of 

o ^-N Tj o ot 1 passports 

People 10 any of their Subjects of Credit, & bub- ^^^j^^Je^en- 

trance of 

stance, who apply to Them for the same, & en 
gage Themselves under sufficient Caution, for 
the good Behaviour, & speedy Embarcation of 
such as They shall introduce into the Country; 
which Method, & Eegulation seems to render 
it necessaiy for Your Board to have some 
Agent, or Correspondent at Eotterdam; who 
by timely applying, whenever You expect any 
Companies of These Emigrants, to the States 
for their said Passport ; depositing the Caution 
required; and taking all necessary Measures for 
their immediate Embarcation, may save These 
poor People from the Hardships, & Miseries, to 
which the least Detention, on Molestation in 
their March cannot but expose Them. 

There is another Ordonnance, whicb the 
States have lately issued, on Account of the 
Contagious Distemper in Hungary, which, as oA Tc^ount 

o. 1 -rr o^ contag. 

it forbids the Entrance of all Strolers, Va- i°^p^Jf 5^ 
grants, & poorer sort of Travellers, especially Hungary. 
on the Side of Germany, may possibl/ some- 
what affect the Emigrants too; at least, it seems 
to render it necessaiy for Them to present 
Themselves for admittance ^Wth the fullest, & 
clearest attestations of Health from the Towns, 
& Countries from whence They come, or thro' 
which They may pass in their Journey to the 
Frontiers of This State. 

\ ,;■,•,;,* 


": ir<^,: .\ C 


Colonial Eecoeds 

Col. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

In answering Your Favour I have been in- 
sensibly led to touch upon the foregoing Partic- 
ulars ; and I hope the Eelation They have to the 
Business of Your Board, will engage You to 
forgive This Trouble from, 


Your most obedient 

humble servant 

EobS Trevor. 

M^ Martyn. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

A Letter from Col Oglethorpe to the Trus- 
tees Eecommexdixg Mr. Obryax for a Lot of 
500 Acres. 

A gnrant of 
land to Mr. 

of Augiasta. 

Savannah 8'\ March 1738/9. 


M*". Obryan is a man who hath kept a Store- 
house for furnishing the Indian Traders with 
Goods, he took up a Lot on the first Settlement 
of Augusta, and hath returned me the Inclosed 
Plot thereof. I should recommend to You the 
granting to him and the heirs male of his Body 
under the same Restrictions, Eeservations and 
Limitations as usual, the said 500 Acres of Land 
and to send over the said Grant under your Seal 
uuto him. The Settlement of Augusta is of 
great Service it being 300 miles from the Sea, 


. . .:;;-■•! 00 v.! ,. 1 

^c*: ■•ri'; fJiJji I' 

Correspondence 109 

Gen'l Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

and the Key of all the Indian Countrey, there- 
fore I recommend to You the forwarding the 
said Grant, it being a reward of a considerable 
Inhabitant, who begun the Settlement of the 
Town at his own Expence, with a well furnished 
Warehouse. There are also several other Men 
who have deserved extreamly well of the Trus- 
tees, whom I shall recommend to you for Lotts 
near the said place. 


Your most obedient 

humble servant 
James Oglethorpe 
The honble the Trustees. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

GENEKAii Oglethorpe to the Trustees Eecd 18 
June 1739 

Savannah 9'\ March 1738/9. 

I acquainted you upon my first Arrival with 
the terrible bad Situation of Affairs, but I find Ten-ibie 

.,. , 1 1 I 1 situation of 

you received those Advices extreamly late by affairs. 
reason of Neglect at Charles Town. 

The Store hath received a second advice from 
You that You have sent back an account Cer- 
tified by M'. Causton of L 772 : 4 : 7 due to M\ 
Symond for Goods deliver 'd to the Stores here, 
and that you have ordered it to be paid here. 

^ KM ) 

.e\8E7i ihritU 

110 Colonial Eecords 

Gen'I Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 


The Scituation of the Stores you will find by M^ 
Jones's Letters as well as mine, and that there 
was a great deal more due amongst the People 
upon the Spot here, than the Stores amounted 
to. The Store offered M^ Purry (who is M^ 
Symond's Correspond, to deliver him Provis- 
ions &c. that were in Store iii pa\Tnent of the 
Debts at the prices which other Creditors of- 
fered to take them in Pa}-ment of theirs, but 
he said he was unwilling to tak3 the Provisions 
which was all that the poor people here had to 
keep them from starving, out of their Mouths. 
And also that his Demand was for Goods sold 
Mr. symond for Mouey, and not for Provisions and Goods 
plymen! of which he did not know how to raise money upon 
if he bad them. M^ Purry here, as well as 
M"". Symond at London, have been of great Ser- 
\dee to the Colony. All that they have delivered 
into the Stores has been of the best Sorts, in a 
good Condition, and at the lowest prices, and 
if other people had dealt as well by the Trus- 
tees, there had been several Thousands of 
Pounds saved. I should therefore recommend 
it to You as a Point of Expediency as well as 
Justice, to pay out of the first Monies that come 
to hand the Demand of M^ Symonds— 

There was £426 .. .. 2 more delivered by 
M^ Purry to the Store here before my arrival, 
& expended, otherwise, he would have took the 
same Goods back again. I am 

Your most obedient 

humble Servant 
James Oglethorpe 



Correspondence 111 

Gen'l Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

There is also ano". Acco". not 
yet settled, but w^^ Is suppos- 
ed may amo^ to ah\ 400 and 
odd pounds, for prov^ & 
goods del^ before my arrival, and 
Money to the Missionary. 
The hou^'* the Trustees. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, A"ol. 21.) 

Gener.\l Oglethorpe %o the Trustees, Eec^ by 
Capt"^. Yeoman 14 May 1739 

Savannah 12"^ March 1738/9. 


It is with great difficulty I carried on Affairs 
here, M^ Jones hath acted with Steadiness and 
Courage, he desired me not to confirm a Cer- 
tificate signed by M'. Causton in favour of M". jfaiis^Seti- 
Williams, for the reasons in his Letter. M'. nelroS 
Williams is very angry, and hath got the poor 
People of Savannah, many of whom are deeply 
in Debt to him, to sign the Petition for XegToes, 
which affirms that white men cannot work in 
this Province. This Assertion I can disprove 
by hundreds of Witnesses, all the Saltzburghers, 
the people at Darien, many at Frederica, and 
Savannah, and all the Industrious in the Prov- 
ince. The idle ones are indeed for Negroes. " petition is 

^ counte- 

If the Petition is countenanced, the Province p?^^ce is 
is ruined. M". Williams and Doctor Talfeur will 

.n .'I 

jr^BiuTi ii 

.... o-BiJoO 

; V ■.:!! ii: 




J..';«[.v{i ai 


Colonial Eecords 

Gen'l Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

buy most of the Lands at Savannah with Debts 
due to them, and the Inhabitants must go off 
and be succeeded by NegToes. Yet the very 
debtors have been weak enough to sign their 
Desire of Leave to sell. 

A worse affair hath happened, Upon the Ci\il 
The regi- Letter wrote by y^ Trustees to M'. Causton to 

ment furn. 

credft""''^^ furnish Colonel Cochran with what he wanted 
Sc°hrln.^°^" for the Regiment, and paying for the same, a 
Credit hath been given to his order to y^ amount 
of £935 : 13 : 3, and M^ Causton hath taken 
from CoP. Cochran £198 in Diries. The Debt 
cannot be demanded of the Regiment, for Reg- 
iments have nothing but the pay of each indi\-id- 
ual Officer and Man. When Six Soldiers were 
subsisted out of y^ Trustees Store, no more 
should have been issued than what their Pay 
would have discharged, but they have received 
and spent their Pay, and the Debt for their Sub- 
sistance is still due to the Trustees nor can I 
tell from whence the money can come for to 
discharge it. 

Money ad- 
vanced bj' 
Gen. Ogle- 

I have advanced for the Service of the Colony 
about £2000 and have drawn Bills upon M^ 
7erelst upon my own account, and have 
ordered all my Cash, Pay and Salary & Ap- 
pointments in his hands, to answer those 
Bills, with that Sum I have paid the 5 months 
Expences since my arrival and if the Parlia- 
ment have granted any :Money I hope you will 
reserve that Sum, that when you are satisfied 
that it hath been applied in such manner as 
You shall approve of, you will pay that Money 


' > ',v <■> 

,ii'-i; J 


Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

into tlie hands of W. Verelst for replaceing my 
money that paid the Bills. 

There are 10 Ounces of Silk Worms Eggs 
hatched, and Lyon hatli planted 3,4 of an acre 5an{ed"^by 
of Vineyard, ^'hich thrives vrell, and hath 20 ckrdner.^ 
Acres cleared already which he intends to plant 
in the fall. The Trustees have J/o an acre and 
the Plants have began to shoot & promise well. 

I am 


Your most obedient 

humble servant 
James Oglethorpe. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from M^. Stepiiexs to the honourable 
THE Trustees for Establishixg the Colony 
of Georgia- Rec^. by Capt^'. ]\L\ckay May 
9th 1739 

Honourable Gentlemen 

My last of the 6"". of Feb was intended by 
me to be followd with another a week since, in 
order to go by Cap' Thomson then loading at 
Charles Town: but the Generals presence 
among us, requiring frequent application from 

such as have the honour of serving vou, to diver- ^^J'\\V'}^^ 
sity of blatters, as occasion offerd, during his ^'^^'^ ' 
short abode here; I was oblidged to postpone 

[At .!o7 .tK^:--!-; ■•■; ./r.'h) .H ,,U .:.; 'i .'J uHrri 

1 / 

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.■(■;"■■' !i '■> 

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Colonial. Records 

Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

Deep Re-- 

shown bj' 
Gen. Ogle- 

Seed for 
crops fur. 

it, till a few days more were past ; so y' I f ear 
Thomson will be sailed : and now my Duty calls 
upon me to present you with Coppy of my Jour- 
nal continued, & Duplicate of my former letter, 
as customary; both which are herewith en- 
closed : and from thence I conceive Your Hon- 
ours may in some measure fonn an Opinion 
what posture we are in here 

The late Eepresentation so much in Vogue 
w*^ some, & in contempt with others, I have no 
farther occasion to touch upon ; since (if I am 
rightly informed) tis gone to England, & either 
is or will be, exposed to your View, with all its 
celebrated arguments, as well as notorious ab- 
surditys; more especially relating to Xegi'os: 
and there let it take its Fate. The General 
has shewn evident tokens of his deep resent- 
ment here; wherein tis to be hoped Men of 
different Sentiments will not be all alike equally 
involved. Twould be great Injury in me, not 
to say with confidence, y' a Eemnant is yet left, 
of such as peaceably and quietly follow their 
o^^-n Business, without medling with matters 
above their Eeach. 

'We are now come to the high Season for 
planting: and u}:»on the Generals giving Or- 
ders for providing a sufficient Stock of good 
Seed of divers kinds, for that purpose, he also 
required the Officers to bring in Lists of the 
several Tythiiigs of such as intended to plant, 
and what Store of Seed they stood in need of 
for that U>e : The Returns of which Lists he 
appeard well pleased at, exceeding far what he 

i "f. : ;.i:-Hi.'-::'* ■ ;:.i 

..,■■: :.:,.;;; ]'.-' \ ■<.< ' , ^-l.^.r} ;-,';m\; 


Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

expected : but whilst I would be an Advocate 
for those who are truly deserving, I must not 
swell that number beyond due Bounds : where- 
fore I took the freedome to offer a Caution in 
delivering out such seed ; being not without rea- 
son apprehensive, that there might be some 
among those Promisers, who sought corn or 
Potatos, rather w'^ a view of putting it into 
their Bellys than into the Earth: for which 
reason I conceive, when Planting is over, is the 
only time to judge of those who have busyed 
themselves truly in that Work: and That (if 
it so please God) I shall be exactly carefull to 
give an account of: and not palliate even my 
own Defects, which with Grief I foresee will 
appear in a disagreeable light; not thro' want 
of an hearty good Will and sincere endeavour 
to do better ; but through the Inability of some, 
and the incurable Slothfulness of other, of that 
wretched Crew of Servants, that have been a wretched 

crew of 

plagTie to me for so many months past (which servants. 
I have often before taken notice of, and is too 
well known distinguishable from all about me) 
I have the Mortification to find my self sadly 
defeated in those essential Points, whereon I 
raised my greatest Hopes; and must submit (I 
fear) to be ranked in a Class far inferiour to 
what I aimed at as a Planter. 

"When I look upon my self in another capac- 
ity; having the honour to be emplovd in vour Difficulties 

1 V V surrouno.ini 

Service; I beg leave to say without giving of- ^^j^ri^sg^ 
fence, that living in a distressd State cannot ^^^^^' 
but abate those Facultys which should enable 

i"lw ,1.;, 

1 ., ■ ■. '1 

\ • ' ■:.':■ lin t^v'ufi I 

116 Colonial Records 

Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

a man to act w'*' Vigour, and a Spirit requisite 
to break thro' many difficultys which he must ex- 
pect here to encounter, in discharging his Duty 
as he ought. Your Honours kind approbation 
of my service, vrhich I receivd some time since, 
with an assurance of supporting me against all 
opposition, gave a fresh Spring to my endeav- 
ours ; & I think I may without vanity take upon 
me to say that as tis at my heart to render you 
more acceptable service, so 1 am confident I 
could make it effectual, were not my "Wings 
clippd in the attempt: but whilst I am tyed 
down to the narrow Limits I live in, through 
scantiness of means to better my self at any 
time as occasion may require; tis not possible 
but many things escape my knowledge, w^^. 
undoubtedly you ought not to want informa- 

Cannot sub- ... -, -f j ■^ ^ ix? 

mit to the tiou m: and I cannot easily pcrswade my sell 

low work of "^ „ . . , ' 

writing by -j-q submit to the low A\ ork of writmg by Hear 

hearsay. *-" *' 

say; believing it incumbent on me to maintain 

the truth of what I lay before you. Nothing 

can be more in my aversion than to be thought 

Debts in- craving: tis well known I seek no expensive 

curred for 

necessities, ^^y of living : but notwithstanding all the Ee- 
trenchments I am content to make, I cannot 
avoid the hatefuU rimning in Debt for the nec- 
essary incidents of Life; w"'' affects me hea\ 
The General was so sensible of this, that he was 
pleased to order me £20 immediately towards 
supplying my Wants, additional to the small 
Sum he gave me in November last; & advised 
me to write to your Honours about it, that your 
pleasure might be known : which indeed I had 
partly done before, in my letter to M"". Verelst 

h' ::iHi 


- / > ' 

■i:" lon\ 

V;, . 

! -^o, 

• : ;:, L'.i! ■!■. u '• M H •■■ ;. lit ;;;,' 

• ^;'ir/ 

i :'U 71. 

1 /■ /. 


Correspondence 117 

Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 


of the 3'' of Jan ; & which I begd the favour of 
him to make known, as he saw proper. To set 
forth the incessant application to the Busines 
my Son and I came about, which we have done 
our utmost in, would be making an Eulogy on 
our selves : a task against my nature : and to 
be seeking Favour with a Quantum meruit, I 
think would be absurd and ridiculous: where- 
fore I lay that Avholly aside; & humbly submit 
it to Your Honours consideration, how far 
you'll judge us capable of being usefull in your ^^l^^^b^ut 
service henceforward : for in proportion to that, 
& no otherways, we ought to rely upon being 
favourably upheld from sinking: which I will 
not entertain the least doubt of; y' upon such a 
fiimi and certain footing I may go on with Cour- 
age, & act in every thing reciuired of me so as 
to insure the continuance of your good opinion. 

M\ Jones ( I am perswaded) has wrote large- 
ly what he thought needfull, concerning all such 
Affairs as he got the knowledge of; but by what 
conveyance he sent it, I cannot tell. After 
looking over the Contents of my present Journ- 
al, I am at a loss what to add more, who am 

Honourable Gentlemen 

Your most Obedient humble Servant 

Will Stephens. 

To the honourable the Trus- 
tees for Establishing the Col- 
ony of Georgia. 

.v7ijV/'*';:itO Oil )t 

sr; c>, 'Hit ']() [;.-■ 

■r|-.-7 .^ 

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a f :>■':;:;•; Oi 


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if.! lr^;[7/ -^ 

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■:■.:>. I 

ivn:u -ir^oY 


Colonial Records 

Mr. Verelst from Jno. Martin Bolzius. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Copy of a Letter to ]\P. Verelst from John 
Martin Bolzius. Ebenezer March 14'^^ 

Request for 
towards auQ 


Ross order- 
ed to lay 
out farms. 

Dear Sir, 

I took the 6'^ of November, last the Liberty of 
beseeching the Honourable: the Trustees both 
for some subsistance towards our Orphan 
House as for the generous Gift of 2 dutch Fam- 
ilies, who are imploy'd to be Cowherdsmen over 
the Saltzburg-ers Cattle, given us by Plis Ex- 
cellency, General Oglethorp. till the Trustees's 
Approbation, which humble Petition, I doubt 
not, will lie taken in good part but their Honours 
My Duty obliges me now to give them a humble 
Account of the Condition of the Saltzburgers, 
& how far they have proceeded in their Labour 
in the Ground last year. His Excellency Gen- 
eral Oglethorpe ordered anew after His safe 
Arrival the Surveyor Eoss to lay out our Fanes 
at Abricorn — Creek, 2 miles below our Place, 
which he had neglected by reason of his own 
Interest, leaving untouched the very good 
Ground down the River, where is abundance of 
thik Cans, thorns, Bushes «fc Swams, a great 
deal more dilhcult to run it out than open pine- 
Land. I could wish, the Saltzburgers were set- 
tled last Sprincr upon this very fruitful Island, 
& then I would have the satisfaction of ac- 
quainting you with a larger Crop of several 

:('; i. 

r;J '.(!■ ■.' ""H. >•■;■'«;> i' 

Correspondence 119 

Mr. Verelst from Jno. Martin Bolzlus. 

Couutrey Grain, than they had last year at our 
Place. However God be praised, who has gi'a- 
ciously given them such an Harvest, that they 
was able not onlv to maintain themselves hither- offers 

thanks for 

to, but some of the people could sell a good g^f°°^^ 
Quantity of Corn, Peas, Potatoes &, some 
Bushles of Rice too. We had at least at our 
Place by the meer Blessing of God 110-i Bush. 
of Corn, 429 Bush. Indian Peas, 518 Bush. 
Potatoes, 398 Bush, rough Eice, a great many 
Pumpkins, Cabbitch & other Garden-Stuff, & 
if not disappointed by the yellow Pensylvanie- 
Corn, which was strongly recommended us for 
planting, we would have had a larger Produce. 
I cannot forbear to mention to the Praise of 
merciful & Almighty God, that the people, 
which are imploy'd by me for the sake of our 
Orphan-House, have brought in a Crop of 
about 100 Bush, of Corn, 40 Bush. Peas, 30 
Bush, rough Eice, & a great many Potatoes, be- 
sides several sorts of Garden-Stuff, which tho' 
not sufficient for maintaining our Orphans & 
the imploy'd j^eople, but is a very good Bless- 
ing of Heaven, which encourages our Hope very 
much to be indewed in time to come with the 
same Blessings in our weak Endeavours. If 
the Honourable Trustees & other Benefactors 
would be pleased to contribute some Benefac- 
tions towards the maintaining the Orphan- 
House, & pa\ the Debts which I was necessi- 
tated to make in raising up the House & Out- fi^^^^J'o"" 
Houses, & for other necessary Expences in the nmSte-^^® 
Beginning, it would redound to many good uses orphan- 

"-^ » o house. 

of my Congregation & other people. General 



; .'^"■'V!,:. !:;'-{; -j!;,; :V /;',;H i',^!^;'"i .ii^^LiH 

'. ,\i ■-'!' ^'■■' .'\^:n(t 

i J,', r f i.t.'.' 'v M 1 , > : 

120 Colonial Eecoeds 

Mr. Verelst from Jno. Martin Bolzius. 

OgletlioriDe was so generous as to send to our 
Place, besides the Cowherds, some other dutch 
Servants, which are imploy'd partly in the 
service of the Orphan-House partly of the Saltz- 
burg-ers, who will be willing in time, when they 
have made sufficient Provisions for their own 
subsistance, to pay some interest in Grain for 
them to the Orphan House, for which great 
Benefit, depending of the Trustees as well as 
of the General, I return them most humble 
The saitz. Thanks. ^Tiereas our Saltzburgers know 

burgers find 

fSitfuL^^^^ now by five year's experience what wholesome, 
fruitful & for industrious honest people very 
convenient & profitable Climate this Countrey 
is, in which we live by the wonderful Providence 
of God, they have taken the Liberty to intrest 
the General in a Letter to joyn with the Hon- 
ourable Trustees in sending over from Germany 
to Georgia an other Transport of Saltzburgers, 
and to give them the same Encouragements, 
which the first Comers had by the free gift & 
Benevolence of them. They have wrote to their 
Brethren likewise in Germany, &: acquainted 
them with their being settled comfortably, wlio 
will be without Doubt ready quickly for being 
conducted hither, if M". Senior Urisperger 
should be impowered again to gather a fourth 
Transport : and when they are brought hither 
to Ebenezer, they will be here as well satisfy 'd, 
as we are, having not the least reason now to 
make any Complaint about the hot season of 
the Countrey, being not so very hot, as idle »S: 

Jioyment of delicate people endeavour to persuade them- 
selves & others, &: for that unreasonable Reason 

•J ' 

!! .'f' 

■ft Mi".'/; ' - ' 

■■^; '.^ 1:>. 


Correspondence 121 

Mr. Verelst from Jno. Martin Bolzius. 

would like it miglity well rather to imploy 
Negroes in their Work, than white Enropian 
people. As the Saltzburgers have beseeched 
General Oglethorpe, so I take the Freedom to 
beseech the Honourable Trustees not to allow 
any Negro-man or Woman to be carried to & 
imiDloy'd at our Place or Neighbourhood, seeing 
that the Consequences of it would be very bad 
«fc the Ruin of poor Labourers. AMiite people, 
if industrius & desirous to follow the Direction 
of God Gen : III. 19 are capable enough to plant 
here every sort of Country-Grain without hurt- 
ing their Health in the Summer season; of 
which is Witness mv whole Congregation. I ^.^ , , 

^ ° Liberty to 

am told, that people in the Colony are endeav- ^^^^ '^°*^- 
ouring to get Liberty from the Trustees to sell 
their Land, to whom they please, which if it 
should happen to be granted, would be of a very 
imhappy Effect in my Congregation, seeing that 
bad people, being kept under strict care & Dis- 
cipline, would in spite of Ministers & their 
Neighbours sell their Land for a trifle, & we 
would have our Ebenezer filled with people, 
troublesome «S: oppressive to the poor. I doubt 
not but the Honourable Trustees according to Ebenezer 
their Wisdom c«c tender Care for the Welfare of p'Sie'''''^ 

T i T 1 J T f> • T • trouble- 

poor distressed, but honest & industrious peo- some and 

' ^ oppressive 

pie, will go on in their prizeworthy zeal & aim- it" auov.^eT'' 
ing at the true Welfare of the Common, & not Snd^^' 
patronize the privat Interest of some Persons, 
who endeavour commonly to promote their pri- 
vat Interest by poor people's Loss & Detriment. 
I beg the favour of you to present to the Hon- 
ourable the Trustees the most humble Respect of 

VIM 7 i; '\j >-)i\ i.) [:■•<( 7/ 


IrlO.^-i ..'c' 

..t ::: Jil.' av '- :- .1 

122 Colonial Records 

Mr. Thos. Causton to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

mine, my Fellowlabourers and of the congrega- 
tion, wliicli you would be pleased to accept of 
Dear Sir 

your most obedient 

humble Servant 
John Martin Bolzius. 

(Fi'om B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Me Thos Caustox to Mr. Harman Yerelst 
Rec^ 26 June by the John Galley, Capt. 
Patterson. These. 

Savannah March 20*\ 1738/9 
Extract of xVgTeable to Vv^hat is mention 'd in my Letter 

ELccounts for 

year 1736. to the Ilonoble Board of Trustees, I enclose the 
Extract of Accounts under generall Heads for 
the year 1736. 

Those Heads I hope to send Completed, and 
what ever else shall appear necessary on my 

I doubt not, of your Advice, in matters un- 
avoidably perplext, as the fruits of Your 
Humanity, especially when Affairs of the Colony 
require it. 

And Am S''. 

■with Sincere Respect 
Yo^ very humble Serv'. 
' T. Causton. 

To M^ Harman Yerelst. 

■r jf^u'Jv 

l'3'r;«7.. iJiiar 


Wra. Stephens to Mr. Yerelst. 

(Prom B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Wm. Stephens Esq^. to Me. Veeelst by the 
John Galley Capt^\ Patteeson, Kecd 26 
June 1739 

Savannah 29 Mar. 1739. 


Having sent away my last no longer since 
than the 22^ inst, for want of an opportunity 
of doing it sooner, tho' twas ready long before; 
I have scarce any thing particular immediately 
to offer as from my self; but intend soon to 
write again fully of what I apprehend may be 
proper to notify. The occasion of this is from 
M^ Causton; who just now brought me the 2 
enclosed packetts, desiring me to take charge of 
y"' (as he had formerly rec'' orders from the 
Trust to send w* he wrote under cover from 
me) and as a Friend of his was going instantly 
for Charles Town, he said he should be well 
pleased if I would commit the care of it to him, 
who he could confide in to deliver it safe into ^Jl'n^Mr^ 

•c-rt Jones and 

the hands of some Master upon saihng, 1' ^ir. causton. 

should take a proper rec' for it; &C: and as 

the Affair was properly a Concern of his own, 

I thought w'^ he askd was not unreasonable. 

I find M'. Jones and he, after long prelude are 

near coming to closer work : and Defiance seems 

7 T- ;;■.;. 

';»d; 010' ft S'i'.Ab'!' ''^ 

124 Colonial Records 

Kend O'Brien to the Trustees. 

to be g-iven on both sides : but as those are mat- 
ters out of my cognisance, I meddle on neither. 

I am 


Your most humble Servant 

Will: Stephens. 

M^ Harmau Yerelst 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Kex^ Bkiex to the Hoxble the Tkustees. 
Augusta in Georgia Ap^ 1. 1739. 


I Settled in this TownShip upwards of two 
years agone by M". Oglethorpe's Permission be- 
fore he went last to Brittain and have made 
Considerable Improvements here which has Cost 
upwards of £300 sterle and that without a farth- 
ing Expense to your honours. 

Since General Oglethorpes last Arrival here 

I have AVaited on him and shewed him the in- 

Request for closod Piatt wliich he has been Pleas 'd to ap- 

a grant of r^» j»/v«i'Tii 

land. prove So iar as to Affix his Letter to your 

honours to it; And if your honours will be 
pleased to Comply with "What he there Recom- 
mends to you by Sending me a Grant for the 

Tk>.j-t,.0-^ o'l'i! 

at j;ja 


• v. ;■•{ /I 


Correspondence 125 

Thos. Jones, Supposedly to the Trustees. 

Same, You will lay the most Lasting Obligation 



Y^ Most Obed'. linm. serv'. 
Ken*^ o Brien. 
To the Honble the Trustees. 


(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Thos. Jones, Ape 1739 (Supposed to be to the 


I have, ever Since I arrived in this Colony 
endeavoured to the utmost of my power and 
Capacity to discharge my Duty pursuant to my in^ fZl^i^' 
En2:a^em'^ to Your Honours, but have m^t 
with those difficulties therein, that cannot be 
Surmounted by any Endeavours or Application 
of mine. 

I cannot act contrary to my Obligations to 
Your Hon^. in the Trust reposed in me, Xor 
offer Violence to my own Judgment & Con- 
science (tho' perhaps misgTiided) in order to 
gain the Esteem or good Opinion of any, There- 
fore hope, Your Hono"'. will bear with me in 
declaring my Sentim*' of the Scituation of Your 
Affairs in this part of the Colony. I could even 
wish, that I was mistaken therein, & would con- 
tentedly bear the Reproach and Blame, if other- 
wise than I apprehend. 

ir.../ -to 

i .'T ^i 

j'viu ^ry;-.i( tire! 

t ••', 

/il! {i:nf 

Anr/ 'I'^^rto 

126 Colonial Kecordr 

Thos. Jones, Supposedly to the Trustees. 

By Mine of the 8^\ l?^"^ and 23'^. February, dir- 
ected to ]\r. Verelst, & Sent of the three Broth- 
ers, Cap' Yeoman, (w'^'' hope arrived Safe) I 
mentioned Some of the discouraging Circum- 
stances we are under; Having nothing Certain 
§fo"rpe°^x.' then to write to You Honours, expecting daily 
arrive a.t his Excellcncv General Oglethorpe's Arrival at 

Savannah. " "^ 

Savannah, AYhen I hoped, his presence would 
have deterred those Vv'ho seem to have confed- 
erated to ruin this Colony, and injure the Hon"'^ 
Trustees in their property, from any further 
Attempts of that nature. 

But his Excellency's xA-ffairs requiring his 

presence in Carolina, The Artfull Insinuations 

tencea to &• plausible pretcuces made bv Some, to delav 

delay en- .... " . * 

quirys. inquirys into their Conduct, have occasioned 

Affairs to be left in the Same Uncertainty and 
Disorder they were in before. If on his Excel- 

, lency's return hither from Charles-Town, he 

can have Leisure to examine into those Matters 
w"*" I have, & intend more fully to lay before 
him. And will give Such Orders thereupon, as 
may bring them to a Certain Issue, I shall not 
fail, by the first Opportunity that offers, to ac- 
quaint our Hon'^". with wliat is done therein 

Upon his Excellency's Arrival at Savannah, 

the Sixth of last Month, I renewed my Bequest 

to him, That The Books of xVcco^ & Vouchers 

„ ^ , might be Secured, and Sent to England, as the 

Mr. Causton ~ ' o ? 

accouutT.^ only Expedient towards coming at any Certain 
Knowledge of the State of Your Affairs, For 
that M^ Causton made daily Alterations in the 
Acco^^ And that what James Houston declared, 

.':^iiK-L ;!}j.>'ij'.) i; 0.' 


Th03. Jones, Supposedly to the Trustees. 

(That they (the Clerks) Tvere employed by M'. 
Causton in perplexing the Acco''^^ that he defyed 
me, or even W. Verelst to unravel them,) Seem- 
ed to be his only Desig-n by the whole of his Con- 
duct— His Excellency told me. That he could 
not Send M^ Causton to England unless he 
consented thereto ; However he Sent for him. 
When he came, he said That he received a 
Letter from His Excellency which informed a report 

T . -, , that Mr. 

him, That I had reported, he designed to depart cau|ton^hai 
out of the Colony w^\ Cap\ Stuart, which he '--«,^h« 
Said vras very injurious to him, and was false, 
I then declared the Eeasons I had for my sus- 
pition of Such his Design, (which I had ac- 
quainted the General with, & have mention 'd 
in my Letter to AP A^erelst of Febry. y^ 8'-".) 
And added. That it was evident, he (Causton) 
never intended to render any Occo' to the Trus- 
tees, And that Some of the Acco*^ he had Sent 
to them already, were not to be found in the 
Books, but were feign 'd Acco^^^ M^ Causton 
Said, That he had given me a Copy of his Cash 
Accompt, xVnd designed to finish his other 
Acco^ but wanted Clerks to Assist him That I 
employed W^". Eussell, That he had but two left Feigned_ 
with him. I replyed, That I acknowledged to 
have received a Copy of what he called a Cash 
Accompt, which might justly be called an Orig- 
inal, but desired to know from whence he had 
formed that Acco\, if from any thing extant in 
Writing, or from his owm Memory or Invention, 
That there appeared Such manifest Frauds & 
Forgeries in that Acco' (Several of which I 
instanced to him) that I wondred how any per- 


■.")"V- ■-'.tnf bin 8 

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Colonial Eecords 

Thos. Jones, Supposedly to the Trustees. 

frauds and 

Writers of 

son could attempt to publish Such, without 
blushing, unless he desigTid thereby to bid de- 
fyance to the comon Understanding of ]\lan- 
kind — M'' Causton Said, That when he deliv- 
ered that Copy to me, he had told me that there 
might be Some Mistakes in it, And that he had 
Since recollected y* Eeceipt of several Sums 
of Money, to the Amount of £700 which he had 
placed to the Accompt, which was now ready 
to be sent to the Trustees — I desired that he 
would give me a Copy of that Acco^ so amend- 
ed, (V" cannot obtain,) but am told, it is Sent 
to England for your Hon'^. Perusal. 

In September last, (when I came to Savan- 
nah) I found five writers, (besides ^VilP\ Ewen 
who had also the Care of the Store) employed 
in the Acco*^ Viz*. Sam" ITurst, John Tye, and 
W". Russell, covenanted Servants, Adrian Seyer 
& James Houston, on a Salary of Forty pounds 
I? Annu. Each, W" Ewen, (M^ Causton 's Serv- 
ant) has credit in the Books for Thirty Pounds 
^ Annu And Provisions, And M"" Causton has 
also Credit, Forty pounds, for two Years Ser- 
vice of Said Ewen in the Store to the 29^" Sep- 
tember — Sam^ Hurst (who lived with M^ Caus- 
ton, & Said to keep his Private Acco^.) with- 
drew from the Colony, Soon after I came to 
Savannah, ]\P. Causton assured me, that he went 
away without his Consent or privity, And gave 
me a Letter which he had received from Hurst, 
And which I send herewith — W™. Ewen and 
James Houston absconded privately in ye Night 
time of the 28"\ October. The General (upon 

■fl^W !/j.,(i;7^ 

)i J ! It \ . 


I . * 


•X 'J. 


Thos. Jones, Supposedly to the Trustees. 

my advising liim with what had happen 'd) Soon 

after came to Savannah, & dispatch 'd two Offi- for Bwen, 

'■ Houston 

cers, Lieu'" Horton, & Dunbar. The One for ^'"^ Hurst. 
Port Koyal, to reclaim & hring back, Ewen c^- 
Houston ; The other to Charles To^\^l, for Sam" 
Hurst— The Recorder granted his AVarrant 
for aprehending them, if found within this 
Colony, Upon my Information before him on 
Oath — A Copy of which, and also that relate- 
ing to M"". Causton, I send herewith (having 
been threatned with Law-Suits to be comenced 
against me. On Acco' of both) — W. Dunbar 
when he returned from Charles Town, informed 
me, That having had ]VP. Christie's AVarrant 
back'd by a ^vlagistrate of that pro\^nce, he ap- 
rehended Sam' Hurst, & had him before ]\P. 
Abercromby, (the Attorney General) who dis- 
charged him. Upon Hurst's Alledging, That he 
never was a Servant to, or under any contract 
with the Trustees, Notwithstanding what I had 
declared on Oath to the Contrary — Will"" Ewen 
returned to Savannah soon after i\r. Horton 
went for Port Eoyall, and a few days after Ja : 
Houston bro't me a Letter from ]\P. Horton, w"^ 
I sent enclosed to y® General, whereby I incurr'd 
M"". Hortons displeasure — 

I insisted (before M'. Christie) on Ewen & 
Houston's giveing Security, that they should 
not depart out of the Colony without Leave ol>- 
tained ; Untill the Hon"'" Trustees their Effects, 
Avhich they had been entrusted with by M^ Caus- 
ton, were delivered to me And that The Acco^^ 
were finished — M^ Henry Parker, (who was 

i :'>l!i > Oi- 

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Colonial Eecobds 

Thos. Jones, Supposedly to the Trustees. 

Several re- 

Steps taken 
to protect 
books of 

Sent for by them) ask'd me, liow I could S^s'ear 
That the Trustees were like to receive Damage 
by their going out of the Colony? And if any 
he desired me to declare to what Value: He 
complain 'd of the Hardships, the Young ]\Ien 
were put to, And used Several reflecting 
Speeches towards me, Saying he did not think 
it convenient to put me to my Oath — Tliey 
entrecl into Recognizances w^^ Sureties, but 
Houston's IvecogTiizance Vv'as soon after vacated, 
(I was told) Upon M"". Caustons declaring, 
That Houston was his Servant, that he had dis- 
charged him ; having no Occasion for his Ser- 
vice any longer. 

I shall not have troubled your Honours, with 
so tedious a Eelation of these trivial Occur- 
encies. But That '}!'. Causton has of late em- 
ployed One Searles, a Pettiager-Z\Ian, to assist 
him in the Occo'^ And requires Credit for him 
in the Store at the Rate of Forty Pounds "^ 
Annum for such his Service — And I have em- 
ploye! a Person, (with the Generals Aproba- 
tion) at Nine Shillings ^ week, who constantly 
attends in the Comptinghouse, in order to pre- 
vent the Books of Acco'^ from being destroyed 
or carried away (which has been attempted) 
tho' Some times neither M^ Causton nor any 
of his Clerks are there for Several days to- 
gether;— This last mention 'd Expence is oc- 
casioned ))y }iP. Causton 's removing the Books 
of Acco' from the Compting house in the Store 
(since Michaelmas last), into a Room hired by 
him at Twelve pounds 'p* Annu Rent. 

,h.> iUHl':)' j'A 

■\v.t.jnn ;-!, 

Correspondence 131 

Thos. Jones, Supposedly to the Trustees. 

The excessive prices given for House Rent, 


& Labour for the Service of the Hon^'^ The H^^^l 4",^^ 
Trustees, have been very expensive, And no real 
advantage to the people. 

The Demands that Several have for Houses 
hired this last Year An Acco* of "vrhich I could 
not obtain from M'. Causton, but have got by 
enquiry, And which j\r. Causton does not con- 
tradict, amount to a considerable Sum — How 
long these houses have been occupied, I can not 
arrive at xVny Certainty, but have herewith Sent 
the Acco\ of the Eents, &: how occupied — Some 
of the Houses were hired for the Service of 
Lieu* Colon". Cochran, & others for that part 
of the Regiment which arrived here with him, 
which last charge, I find (by Instructions Sent 
]\P. Causton by the General) is to be defrayed 
by your Hono". 

Col". Cochran's Acc\, And That which is 
called. The Regiment's Acco* w^ the Hon"^ I^elvi^ 
Trustees, were delivered to the General, in order perfect. 
to their being transmitted to Yo^ Hon", but 
are imperfect, And not agreeing with the A ceo''' 
entred in the Books — When the Clerks were 
employed in forming those Acco*^ in March last, 
I had a transient view of some part of them and 
have reason to believe that the Acco^ was mod- 
elled from directions receiv'd from the Lieu' 
Col", (who was then at Savannah) by the many 
Alterations & Erasements then made therein, 
(Which will appear by the Books 

His Acco'- (as Stated in the Leiger) has credit 

oj ;-,[ (i. 

coil -mo/ '(o' 


Colonial Ixecords 

Thos. Jones, Supposedly to the Trustees. 

Mr. Gra. 
ham the 

ilanner of 
dres3 con- 
sidered. Im- 

for Sundries (not inserted in the Acco*. sent 
over) wliicli 1 objected to, Such as — For 
AVines Sold by him to Jos. Fitzwater, about 
40£ — For One Pipe of Wine Sold Widcl" Ben- 
net and delivered her by the Col"''. Order. 7° 
Augiist, last) — 16£. w*^^ many others, 

I beg leave to mention this Circumstance — 
That Eleven pipes of Wine bo't of him, by M^ 
Causton, for Acco' of y" lion"'. Trustees, (29*^ 
July) are charged at Eighteen pounds p pipe; 
being the Same Wines as what was Sold Ben- 
net — And that Fitzwater, Bennet & others 
whose Debts, to Col" Cochran, are placed to 
Acco^ of y^ Hon*"^ Trustees, were then indebted 
to the Trustees, (as appear by their Acco*\) 

I went with ^.I' Causton to attend Col". Coch- 
ran, where I found ^V. Graham (the Apothe- 
cary) earnestly Sollicitiug for the payment of 
his Bill, (about 40£) being for ]\[ediciues &c ad- 
mini. >=^tred to Soldiers, by his (the Colou"'^) 
Apointm'. The Colon" Said, That the Trustees 
must pay him, — W. Graham inform 'd him That 
I had refused him Credit in the Store on that 
Acco'. — notwithstanding M"" Causton had placed 
his Bill to the Trustees Acco^ — At which the 
Col", was very angry, and Said, He would let 
the Trustees know, what a Fellow I was, and 
would justify Yl^ Causton's Conduct— That 
I was very impudent to appear before him in 
that l>re-<, (I had a Velvet Cap, on, without a 
Wigg, being Warm Weather) 

I know, That Complaints of this Nature can- 
not he j>lea.^iiig to Your Ilono'"". when Affairs 

J'Ulv Ut 

> -M^'^-fi iii' 

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Thos. Jones, Supposedly to the Trustees. 

of much greater Importance are Neglected — 
Such as, The State of your Acco*^ "VMiich I can- 
not obtain, neither have I the Books w^^ those 
Acco*' under my Direction — I cannot finish An 
Inventory of yo". Ilono"^. Effects, which were 
to be delivered into my Care, Those in the Store 
I received, at Sundiy times by the first of De- 
cember, last. But have not receiv'd, neither can 
I obtain, any Acco*. of Several Effects, belong- 
ing to yo'' Hon", which remain yet in the Cus- 
tody of others, I receiv'd (last week) 416 
Bush"^ Salt, which M^ Causton Saith, he bought 
of M^ Bob' Williams in Aug^ last, but had re- 
main 'd ever Since in W. Williams Custody — 

I intend, soon, to Send the Inventory of what 
I have receivd, w'''. an Acco^ of the Isues to 25'''. 
March And shall on all Occasions endeavour to 
aprove my Self to be 


Yo^ Hono'■^ 

Obedient «S: faithfull 

humble Serv*. 

Tho Jones. 

io 'r-:i.yh"//r i n\- 

g^aoL oiiT 



Colonial Eecords 

John Gerald to Mr. Harman Verelst, Esqr. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

John Gerald to ;Mr. Haeiman Veeelst, Esq^. 
S°. Carolina, May 17, 1739 Ju. London 

1 . 2 . 10. 

opinion on 
affairs at 


Your favour of Jen^: 9'^: directed to y* 
do^vnes is But this day Com to hand I Imeadatly 
deliver 'd y^ Inclosed to M^ Abercromby who 
sometime ago sent the things y^ I Brought for 
y^ General to Savana to Be forwarded to him. 

I shall be in London in June or bes-ining of 
July when If you have any Commands this way 
shall much Esteeme your favours. 

We are alarmed here at what Shubrick says 
of y situation of affairs at home Imagin that 
a war may hapen. 

If peace should Continue there is one thing 
tion of Gov. that Seems to thretten this province with uter 

of St, , ^ 

it"?^|ar"d to -^'^^^ ^^^^ ^^ ^ ^^^^' Pi'oclamation made by y" 
silves."" °^ Governor of S'. Augustines promicing freedom 
to all Slaves y'. repair to y'. Garrison & when 
our Goverament Insisted upon it as an Infrac- 
tion of y^ good understanding subsisting betwene 
y^ two nations y'' Governer affirmed y*. he had 
y^ King of Spayns orders for so doing. 

Begg y^ favour y' in any Conversation you 
may have with M"". Glinn you will mention this 
as a thing of very groat Consequence & I make 
no doubt but he will take Care to prevent so 

'\: I 

il. Hi V' T 

'/ M • ;•'.■ •( ' ■ V ' 

i h/.'iV 

Correspondence 135 

Hugh Mackay to Harman Verelst and Mr. H. Newman to Messrs. Bolzius, etc. 

great an Evil I am With y* greatest Esteeme 
/ S^ Yonr obedient Hum^'^ : Ser' : 

John Gerald. 

S°. Carolina May 7^^ 1739. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 
Hugh ]Mack.\y to Mr. II-\raian Verelst. 

Dear Sir 

I arrived late last night and as I cannot go 
abroad to dav, and that it happens to be Yr 
Committee day, I have sent yon here with the 
papers I had from the General, that, that has 
one of the Seals Broke was Sent me after I came 
on Board the ship. I am 
Your most humble serv\ 

Hugh Mackay. 

Wednesdav 9^\ Mav 1739. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

To Mr. H. Newman, Extract of a Letter from 
Mess^^. Bolzius & 

Gronau at Ebenezer in Georgia. 15 May 1739. 

To M'. H. Newman. 

The Honourable Society being always 
heartily concern 'd in Promoting our & our 
Flocks true welfare, will have their Reward 

.]/ :'v--.:U 



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•■"J 6 .; '■> T"; 


136 Colonial Records 

Wm. Stephens Esqr. to the Trustees. 

Condition of 

from above, for all their Works of Love, heaped 
upon us heretofore, for the obtaining of w'^ 
our Wishes & Prayers in imblick & private are 
constantly offered before the Throne of Grace. 
The present Condition of the Saltzburgers here 

burgfS!^' ' ^s by God's Providence still the same, as' we had 
the Satisfaction to give you & the Society an 
Account of in our last Letf. dated y' 12'^ of 
March & besides this we have wrote another 
Letter to you viz. the 12'\ Dec'", last, which will 
we hope come safe to your hands long before 
this. Everything, that the Saltzburgers have 
planted this Spring, grows so well, as in any 
Year before, which affords them a good hope of 

vest expect- expecting a very good Harvest, which will en- 
able them not only to provide better, than for- 
merly for themselves and Families, but to be 
Serviceable the better to another Transport of 
Saltzburgers, which we hope will be sent over 
next Fall by the generous Care and Goodness of 
the Honourable Trustees & Societv. 

A good bar- 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

W^^. Stephens Esq^. to the Trustees Rec^ 22 
August 1739. 

Savannah 19 May 1739. 
Honourable Gentlemen 

,, When I wrote to M^ Verelst on the 21 ulf^". 
after enclosing Coppy of my former, together 
with a continuation of my Journal, as usual ; I 

f . I J .•• • ' ,)..v !0v 

'f i 

W! ; -vr 

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^^ H,, J I ; i^', I ' '.)'i r '/j,' '; 't' 



Wm. Stephens EsQr. to the Trustees. 

prayd him to obtaiu your pardon if I defer 'd 
giving you farther immediate trouble of that 
kind ; intending in my next to see if I could find 
any thing which I might pcrswade my self was 
worth laying before Your Honours', without ap- 
pearing a Commentator on my o^m Journal. In 
this Interval of time I have had the pleasure, to 
be informed by ]\P. Yerelst, in his letter of the 
22 Dec. w''^. I receiv'd on the V\ instant, (so 

Mr. Steph- 

long was that letter in its passage) that what ens- efforts 
Endeavours I had hitherto used to be of Sen^ice eS^and'^^ap- 
in the Station appointed me, were kindl}^ accep- p^°^^*^- 
ted and well ajDproved : which I should be wholly 
unworthy of, were I to slacken the like En- 
deavours for the future : nay, I have not such an 
opinion of my own performances, as to think 
what is past a sufficient testimony, how great a 
desire I have, to be of more Significance, in 
lajdug open everything to your View, y^ I can 
attain to the knowledge of, w*"^. I apprehend is 
requisite for your Honours to be informed in: 
but therein, as I have reason to believe I am 
lookd on by some under the Character of an 
Informer (a Title odious in many cases, but ^ , ^ 

^ *' ' L/Ooked on 

such as I assure you I am no ways ashamed of, fnfo?men ^ 
when tis part of my Duty) you'll easily imagine, 
y^ a pretty deal of care is taken, to hang out 
false Lights on some occasions, in order to mis- 
lead my unwariness, and then meaning to ex- 
pose my Ignorance : but under proper caution in 
these times of darkness, when Tinith is so 
obscured, and hard to be come at, I do what I 
can to trace it ; 6c shall never hesitate to repre- 


(>.!■■■:■, ..''• ' ; ■. ^.;f; -r U'- - '■ '>>looi 

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Colonial Records 

Wm. Stephens Esqr. to the Trustees 

Jones and 

sent it as I find it, tbo' it cannot be always 
agreeable ; as appears too plainly in my Journal. 

After a long Scene of Jarring betwixt Mess^. 
ot'^faTT-mg^ Jones and Causton; wherein abundance of Ee- 

betwixt -1 n •! T-v. 

proaciies, & scurrilous Eibaldry, have been 
plentifully bestowd on each other, to the Sport 
indeed of too many, who thought y^'selves under 
no Obligation to either: there seems at present 
a calm Intermission, and a quiet application to 
the matter in hand : from whence it ought to be 
hoped, that some eulaircisment will at length be 
found, and a Period put to it in time: tho' I am 
not capable of judging ^vhen: but as I make no 
doubt ]\P. Jones writes you fully of all y' he 
thinlvs proper; so I can make none, y' This 
among others he is more particular in. 'Twere 
to be wished also y^ something more satisfac- 
tory than (I foar) ho is yet enabled to lay be- 
fore you, could be attaind, with relation to Mr. 
Bradleys Affair; whereon I touch 'd a little in 
the Close of my last Journal, ending the 1S"\ 
ult"^". but the Foot M'-. Bradley leaves that ac- 
count on now, seems to require such a decision 
as M^ Jones (tho' a good Accomptant I must 
presume, & I mean it as no Eeflection on him) 
probably is not capable of but the Gordian Knot 
which he cannot untie, he may leave for such to 
cut, who dare. To be plain, M"". Bradley gives 
out, y* the Injury sustained is on his part, by the 
Trust not having fulfilld their agreement with 
him; which if they had, he would have done- 
Wonders. He appear much elated of late; and 
tho' he makes a feint outward Skew, of an 

Mr. Brad- 
ley's ac- 
count a Gor- 
dian Knot. 

:; ji uov- ^01"! .'. 

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Correspondence 139 

Wm. Stephens P'sqr. to the Trustees. 

Intention to settle on his own 500 acres; yet 
few believe it; but rather, as he has sent some 
of his Family by little and little to Carolina, y* 
he means ere long to follow 'em thither liimself. 

So many within few months past have left the 
Colony in exchange for Carolina, that this Town fnl^'thi^Uoi- 
is become now ajoparently thinner in people ounaf°^ ^^^' 
than twas; nevertheless I can't depart from 
w^hat I have before asserted, y' the greatest part 
far of those y* are gone, are not to be w^shd for 
again ; very few of such as are really valuable, 
being among 'em, and they who remain, appear 
generally fixed, and determined to try their for- 
tune yet farther, at all Events: tho' too many 
are hard put to it to live; which I know to be 
true. Under such time of Trij^al they have 
surely an undoubted Eight to be dealt tenderly 
with, and when they have no pretence of Claim 
from the Stores ; soft Words and a kind Deport- 
ment towards them, would be encouraging, in 
expectation of better things to come hereafter. 
This, however trivial it may be thought, I have 
taken particular care myself to observe; & 
found a good etfect from it; divers y\ have 
accosted me with sorrowfull faces, growing by 
such means in better temper: and I wish the 
same experiment were thought more worth 
making by others : for a morose surly carriage 
from any person in Authority, to a man in need ; 
certainly puts it in the poor mans power to look 
on him as an Instrument of Cruelty; from 
whence an Odium naturally follows. Far be 
it from me ; & I hope I shall not from hence be 

: -.onvJ^n:] or; 

140 Colonial Records 

Wm. Stephens Esrjr. to the Trustees. 

tliought to palliate, mucli less appear an Advo- 
cate for, any of those most unjustifiable steps 
taken by hot brain 'd angry men; which I have 
always taken care to represent in a true Light, 
as they liappend, & will be found in the daily 
observations I made. M^ Williams, who stands 
most noted for such Excess of Heat, is now 
fS-™En|ianf. going (hc says) for England; where he gives it 
out he'll appear before Your Honours, & speak 
for himself: in the mean time, an handsome 
Plantation of near 30 acres ; which, he has well 
cultivated, & brought to good perfection, he 
leaves entirely neglected, to run to Euin; w''^ is 
great Pity and Shame. 

Mr. Wil- 

AMien I reflect on the present Discord be- 

Discord be- i ^ r • 

tTv-een Mag-- twccu the Magistrates and Storekeeper, (vr"^. is 

Istrates and x 7 \ 

storekeeper, also taken uotice of in my Journal) & seek to 
learn whence it arises; I find little difficulty w'". 
iiaj self to determine, that it proceeds from a 
false estimate they make of their several Pow- 
ers; each looking on the other as subordinate: 
whereas in Truth there is no relation between 
'em y*^ I can discover. The Magistrates have 
often complained, of M^ Jones's sending for 
them in a peremtoiy manner, to come to him, on 
very light, or hardly any occasions ; that fre- 
quently on such Call, they have been allowed 
only to put in force what he required, in a sum- 
mary way, without proceeding regularly, as the 
Law directs; w*"^ they say they are now weary 
badg/°^f^au. of- M^ Joucs 's Badge of Authority is the key 
key to the of tlic Storos ; w*"*" tlicv f ouud latclv exemplifvd : 

■stores. * " y 

but anv other Power than what thence arises. 


tji ,,!■ 

■^' tiviji ,ir't/;M\._'f'"r: o} »v',r< va, 

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Correspondence 141 

^^'m. Stephens Esqr. to the Trustees. 

they deny, iinle.-is he shews it : and if he has such, 
lie ouglit (tliey say) most certainly to produce 
it. I have it registerd, and publishd ; otherwise, 
they think y^'selves not obliged, to pay an im- 
j)licit Obedience to his Will. During such 
wrangling my labour is always for Peace; but 
so much Eancour is now grown among 'em, that 
I begin to fear the Breach too wide, for me to 
soder easily :f or it began,- from w'. I learn, early ; 
Mt. Jones looking on Parker with a jealous Eye, 
as one who wished too well to ]\P. Causton; and 
therefore he conceiv'd him instrumental in giv- 
ing what joynt assistance he could, to obstruct 
the Discoverys, expected to be made in that 
Enquiry. Parker owns his having always had 
a good opinion of M^ Causton, &: a long fami- Mr. Parker-s 

T 'J 1 , i 1 • I f • n ri, ^ good Opinion 

liaritv: but as to his Acc-' m the btores, he pro- of Mr. caus. 

' ^ ton. 

fesses he never was conversant w*^*". what was 
doing ; nor was he capable, if he would, of giving 
him any help in those matters, w*"^. were far 
above his Eeach: he has often taken occasion to 
declare, y* as soon as any Fraud, y*- M"". Causton 
has been guilty of, is laid open, he'll be as for- 
ward to renounce all farther acquintance w^''. 
him as any; but till then, he apprehends it no 
crime to converse with him as a Neighbour. 
Parker moreover makes grievous complaint, 
that !^^^ Jones is become such an inveterate 
enemy to him, as to do all he can, to blast his 
Character with the Trustees, as a Sot, and an S^ry-ng°'^o^ 
idle fellow; and particularly in one letter that cha^ractel- of 
M^ Jones wrote to your Honours, (w'^ he shewd 
to a certain person who told Parker of it again) 
he exhibits it against him as a notorious offence, 

"1 J :2f!;0J; 

, 'J. 

' ' ; i r 

, . . -Pi/;:'! 


Colonial Records 

Wm. Stephens Esqr. to the Trustees. 

Mr. Par. 
ker's friends 
urge in his 

to express 

y* oue Evening at Jenkins's (where be liappend 
to be, tbo ' be is scarcely tbere perhaps twice in 
a year) he was drunk, & behaved unbecoming 
the Character of a Magistrate, by a foolish 
Frolick, too mean and ridiculous to relate; 
which very probably proceeded from taking a 
Cup too freehv and unguarded : but nothing was 
done that created any mischief; and only Mirth; 
as the Story was told to me : such Freaks how- 
ever, are certainly not to be allowd, among 
strict Moralists; but the Greatest of Men in 
Authority may sometimes slip ; and a poor Bay- 
litf of Savannah cant be supposed at all times to 
appear w**" the same Gravity and Form, as when 
on the Bench. So far M/. Parkers Friends urge 
in his behalf: and as to his being an idle fellow, 
I should do him wrong not to aver what I know; 
that he has been a Zealous Planter, cultivating 
land, every year since I knew this place; & will 
appear (if I mistake not) among those who 
have improved y^ greatest Number of acres this 
Season ; when I shall hereafter have the honour, 
I hope, to lay that before you. 

I must confess I find myself under many 
Doubts, in giving my pen such liberty, not 
knowing how far it may give offence ; but as it 
proceeds from a conscientious regard to Truth, 
without the least prejudice; and your Com- 
mands were expressly to write my thoughts 
openly and freely; I hope I shall not thereby 
split on that Pock w'^ I might easily avoid. I 
look on ]\P. Jones as a person Endued w'^. un- 
questionable altility, to go thro the Work he has 

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Correspondence 143 

Wm. Stephens Esqr. to the Trustees. 

the Directiou of; and I am fully perswaded lie 
lias it in bis View, to do all things with the 


irreatest f morality: Happ3' would it be if be between Mr. 

^ o ^ 1 ir-^ ^ Jones and 

could command his temper a little more; & suf- ^^^- Parker. 
fer bis resentments to die away sooner, which 
be sometimes conceives (I fear) rather from 
Jealousys & Susi^icions, than Eeason well in- 
fonned. ]\P. Parker has in bis Station, as far as 
I could well observe, acquitted himself like a 
good Magistrate, & an honest Man; having 
strict Justice in his aim, at all times; and bis 
good understanding will not easily misguide 
him: but the present difference betwixt M"". 
Jones and him, arises from the Causes before 
mentioned; vvberein each might assume less 
Dignity as I apprehend, witliout any Diminu- 
tion of their Real Power, w"*" I am sure would 
conduce more to y" public Beuent. — To pass on 
from these things to somewhat more agree- 
able — I have the satisfaction to see the late 
seasonable Eains w''^ we have bad, give a prom- 
ising prospect, that those wlio have taken due Better crops 
care and pains in planting, are likely to meet 
witli a better return for their labor, than of the 
former years within my observation : but twere 
to be wished that I could at the same time 
acquaint you, with an encrease of the number 
of acres planted; which I fear will fall short of 
what the last year produced; tho' I would not 
anticipate what I may have to say on that oc- 
casion, when I shall go througb each individual. 

Your Silk ]\Ianufacture encreases a little, increase in 


and as they are now winding off the Bolls, I ^re of suk. 

I "'7/ 

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Colonial Records 

Wm. Stephens Esqr. to the Trustees. 

number of 
leaves for 
the raising 
of silk- 

think we are not mistaken in computing more 
than double the quantit}" of what we saw the 
last Season. I cant but be of opinion y^ it ha.s 
been a loss in suffering the seed to hatch too 
soon : our Spring comes on here very early ; and 
That produces the Worms faster y° the ^lul- 
berrys will afford leaves to feed 'em; especially 
if a Frost happens in March (which has bcfn 
our misfortune for 2 years past) and that cuts 
off all early tender leaves ; the consequence of 
which must be y' infinite numbers of 'em perish ; 
so y' probably there are not more y° a 4fch pait 
of the Worms preserved, from: which we are to 
expect any good; and they are such as come 
abroad latest. The Family who have the man- 
agement of this, appear very diligent, and give 
sufficient marks of their skill: but upon my 
observing to them what I have here done, they 
seem to think as I do ; and intend another Sea- 
son to preserve the Seed in a Cellar, or some 
cool place, till they can be judged out of any 
such danger. 

Your Oranges and Vines in the Garden, like- 
Si^^s^hnvT^ wise felt severely the effects of that cruel Frost 
^ ^^°^^' about the middle ]\rarcli (as noted them) : such 
Vines as were very young. & began to put forth 
Tendrils, especially suffered, & divers were cut 
off: such as had taken good Root, & were of age 
to bear it, escape a little better; and many of 
'em shew us ver^' promising Clusters; by which 

' i:ifJJ ; Ob I "A- /' 


7;-S,!.^ ■ .'>'•'■'•" 'I 'I'' > ^ -'if ^/ ' > . 

Correspondence • 145 

Mary Townsend to the Trustees. 

we hope to see different kinds, &: be better able 
to judge wliicli to give the perference to. 

Honourable Gentlemen 

Your most Obedient huuible Sen'ant 

Will: Stephens. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Yol. 21.) 

Mary Towxsexd's Letter to the Trustees. 
Eec^ 7 Nov. 1739. 

Savannah May 29 : 1739. 

To The Hon'^'^: Board of Trustes 

I Beg Leve this once to truljell your Hon'"'' : I 
asked a faver in my widdowho^ which was a 
Licanc which your Hon'"^: Grantded. I think I 
Prormed with as Strick Eegard and defie any 
Persons to aledg one Crime before Merreg or 
after My Husband Observing the same we had Asserts her 

•^ ^ probity of 

it Eenewed some short time Before M^ Ogle- character. 
thorps Second Arriavl some time after we had 
a Company of iudan traders as Lodgers Jacob 
Mathes with a half inden Came in and Pickd a 
quaril with them and insulted them So Long 
that tliay Sent for the Gard desiring them by 
No Means to Let the indan go to the Guard 
hows My husband the Same: Mathes Said he jacob Math- 
Should go accordinglv took him he would stav Indian half 

' breed pick a 

all Night the Next Morning he Applied to M". I^^J^f^ ^'^'^ 
Oglethori>e and acqused my hub""^ of sending 
him thither mv husband was Sent for and was 


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Colonial Records 

Mary Townsend to the Trustees. 

unjustly ac- 

License for- 
feited to an 
Irish Rogrue 
and an Eng- 
lish fool. 

set forth in 

Falsely con- 
demned for 
liquor with- 
out a 

Readey to bring teen Men to Prove the Con- 
trary but Neither he or they Could be heard a 
Very ood way of administering Justice tho 
Conunon to us we Must Loos our Licanc Eight 
or Rong to make Room for an lerish Roge and 
an Enlish fool the one had not honesty enouf to 
live and the other not Sence as to Teavj when 
he had Run his Credit as fare in the Publicks 
and Privet as he Could in about a ear he Run 
also and Left his wife at augusta the other 
Stands indepted to the Publick which he hops 
M^ Oglthorp will Pay for in all apearanc the 
Poor Man will Never we Let him our hows he 
heald it about Six IMonths all the Licker was 
ingrosed for them one Credit when we had 
Reddy Money in the Stors and Denighed having 
Lickor : when we ware turned out of our Brad 
My husband agreed with a Cap*: for a boat at 
twenty Pounds Ster\ the good Geuf" : employd 
M^ Rob: willams to bye her out of his hands' 
he Not knowing the Gen^' : or My husband aright 
did and gave 20 geneys for her and th gen. gave 
hertotowLoosyong men which Lost her at Cards 
in Charls town in Six weaks time which gave :Me 
some small Pleasure besides Money lent to 
trade with: in the accounts your hon^: will se 
their Names are Named Jams heuet the other 
Charls Bowler after this four of the Constabls 
Came with an Acte of Parlement what was to be 
done to Persons that Sold Licker without a 
Licanc at the same time we had the Licanc and 
the time Not expired we send word as we had 
Not brok tenor we shuld not let our Lickor Spoyl 
thay sayd if we would ask Pardon thav thot all 

I. (Mif; -';.j;i--: 

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Correspondence 147 

Mary Townsend to the Trustees. 

wod but as we had. done no Crime it was beneath 
an honest Soul that had iSTo Mean Vies for my 
Part I think an hones Poor Man has a grate a 
Eight to a Subjects Lawful! Privgels as a Eich 
I asked M"". Oglethorp for what Eeason we ware 
so Vesed if any Person had blackend our Carick- 
ter he sayd No we bore an unqestonabell Carick- 
ter he Said there was 15 or 16 better gone then 
hear indeed I made this Eeply by his good will 
their shuld Not an honest Einlish Man live in 
this Plase: and I Plead my one and Nabors pieads her 

own and her 

Eights as free Subjaeks the best I Could we rights^^s^ 
Cannot have Eedres by Law it will be hard in- Jects.^"^' 
deed Gent"", if we are deniglied Spaking in a 
Eight Case thus we have faired with Many 
More of our honest Nabors the Barer M^ T\"il- 
lams can give your hon""^: a very good account 
of the Plase and Persons and I dare say will be 
faithfull if Your Hon''^: are, willing to heare 
My husband has bin sick and Lame above a year 
tiby Light hows broke his Contitusion all to 
peases and want to imploy and sicknes has brok 
his littil Substanc but hithertow we have god be 
Praised lived independant till Latly I could get 
Now and then a littil but Now all ways is block- 
ed up as to any littil wav of dealius: the Publick sore straits 

-^ ' * ^ by unjust 

stors Selling Eetail the inhabatants very few treatment. 
and very littil Money that eating Moatli devors 
all had that fatal Plas bin Shut four Years ago 
it wod have done some littil good but if we had 
had six Year agoe the Privegles as his Magestys 
Subjeks has in other Colonys in all Probabilty 
your Hours would have had No Need of Pala- 
ment Supplys or the Nation the Charg of a 

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148 Colonial Records 

Mary Townsend to the Trustees. 

Much of the 

Eidgment our numbers wod have bin a defne. 
Numbers at first was Coming from one Plase or 
oather but thay finding the tenore of Lands so 
falty with the train of inconvenancy fownd our 
untow.^''" Plase Like a fine drawn Dish which may Plase 
the eye but will Not Norish the body thay know- 
ing Amarick better sone departed thus I hav 
wrot Nothing but truth but Not all the truth 
that would be endless the Barer Can deliver 
more in an hower then I can Scarl in weake if 
your Hon"", ask why we do Not Pant You lion"^ : 
\dll See by the accounts how heavy it falls one 
the Publick and how hard one a poor man as to 
my husband he has No Land as to Mine we 
spent twenty pounds one it and Never had 
twenty peney worth of one it then haveing our 
bread torn from us we ware not abell to goe one 
except we had Cheated our Marchants or Eun 
in dept to tlie Publick as to the first we wold not 
do for all the Plase knowing a good Name is 
better then bread as to the Latter we had as 
good a Eight to Pertake of a Shear of our kind 
Benifactors County as our Nabors which with- 
out dout was given for a Comfortabell Support 
to all honest industros Men but My husband 
haveing No Land and Mine as soon as the breath 
is out of my Body becomes my Childs and the 
tracks being boath smal and Leying Miles apart 
and Nither Larg ennofe for Stok and grain with- 
out which No family Can be ]\raintained if we 
had Eun and improv on a Larger W. Oglethorp 
Sf^'cenemi might with as ^fuch Justis have tome us to 
Oglethorpe, p^^g^^, ^^r^^.^ ^s lie did hear but if your Hon". 

Pleases to bestowe on him a 500 Acar track with 

Prefers to 
suffer rather 
than do 

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Correspondence 149 

Mary Townsend to the Trustees. 

a Proper grant aud Certifacat from, the Plan- 

tasion offis then we will think our selevs obliged 

to your Hon"^. but your Ilon"^: may Qury how 

shall a man that is Eedused improve land 

Several has taken up tracks and Lots in hops 

your Hon": Minds will Chaing when you are 

Rightly informed of the Many inconvenciqs 

we Labor under it may be your Hon", will say 

why do we not aply to the Genal. the Eeason 

Gen^ : is this a mans word is Not suffisent for a 

titel to land which the Charing to your Hon": is 

incomprehensab I only iharttyly wlish K'our 

Hon": Clemancy would willing give us 500 for 

Clearing five. I do Not love Beging but when I 

Consider your Hon", as a kinde of parant that 

imboldens me as we have Suffered so much by 

your Representitif I hope your Hon" : will make 

me some Restytusion if your Hon": Pleases to 

give Me a hundred Pounds Ster': that wod as'ked.' 

make us toping sort of Planters in tow or three 

years time and not at all over balance our 

Injury but if your Hon" : will not give it if your 

hon": will Lend it without intrest tow Years 

and lawfull intrest till we Can Pay by degres I 

Xow am very loft to Leve the Plase but if Nes- 

sety shuld drive us of how can we help it it 

wold have Pirsed the hardes hart had your 

Hon": seen M^ Wardrop an honest aged man 

with what Coresern he Spook being forsed to 

Leve this Plase but how can an honest man see 

his famaly in Xessetety when he thinks he can 

get brad elswhere very Likely your Honors will ^ot a bold 

say I am a Very Bold Beger to aske So Largly 

I answer Less will do me No Ser\ns to buv Cai- 




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Colonial Eecoeds 

Mary Townsend to the Trustees. 

tel and Provid hands Nither Shuld I Care to be 
Confind to a Set Number of Servants as to tbr; 
germans they may be good Masters but all th^t 
has tried them finds thay are bad Servants we 
do Not fear geting Servants if vre have monev 
if Your hon". is Pleas to grant our Bequests T 
beg the Money May be Lodged in the hands of 

Wants mon- -. ^ -r> r> t t i-n ^ 

ey placed in M'. iDrownheld or Some honest Man that will 

hands of 

fleM.^''°'^"' ^^^ ^^^ ^^^^^^ ^^ ^^ F-dje for Cattel or Servants or 
other Neserserys that -u-ill be wanting when 
drane for if your Hon^. Suespex and frad no 
Parson ever yet had ever any occasion or ever 
found any fraud in our hands or Gile in our 
Mouths we haveing Paid Your Hon'^ and all 
other Persons Could we have favend or flaterd 
we might have more faver but Prefaring a good 
Conciancs before grate Eiches we injoy a pease 
of mind amongs all our afflictions 

I hope my honest blunt way of writing will 
not offend your Hon": if it shuld I shuld be 
Sorry becase to a word it is truth My Poor 
weake Prayers for your Hon", to god is for wis- 
dom from heaven with a spirit of deserning to 
find out any wickedness or Givel whareby your 
Hon": have bin decved and all honest Men op- 
presed to the utter Eueing of the Settelment as 
fare as our Shallo Eeason goes and hurt to Your 
Hon": good Name may god grant all such Per- 
sons may have their Just Eeward Shall be the 
Prayrs of her who is all ways your Hon"^ : Faith- 
full Hum'''" : Servant in all honesty Mary Town- 

Prays for 
the trustees. 


Mr. Abercromby to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

!Mr. Abercromby to ]\Ir. IIarmax Verelst 
Acco'^^^"^ TO THE Trustees of Georgia at 
THEIR Office i]sr Westminster. 6 June 1739 
Eec^ 13 July 1739. Answered U D^. 


By Capt Haarman I had tlie pleasure of 
Yours and immediately liird a Perreagiur to perreaqiuf- 
transport the People and goods to Savannah to people and 

-^ . goods to 

prevent Expence in maintaining them in savannah. 
Charlestown, I shall at all times be proud to 
receive the Trustees Commands in any Shape. 
But Commissions of this Sort I must Execute 
by 2d. hand, but by one whom I can confide in. 
I wish I could do this without charge to the 
Trustees but its what I cannot answer for un- 
less I could command their time as my own ; In 
this Shape the Trustees can never lay me under 
any Eestraint neither shall thes' Suffer in any 
Degree by those who act under my Direction, 
let the Commission be of whatever Mature I 


Your Most Humble Sev\ 
Ja Abercromby. 
6'\ June 1739. 


Colonial Records 

Mr. Hugh Mackay to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Mk. Hugh Mackay to Mr. Herman Verelst at 
THE Georgia's office near the House of 


as I took the Liberty of mentiomng to you the 
scoute boats Unavoidable necessity there is for keeping up 

for the safty ,101 j_-r->ji* i- r^ t r-, n 

and protec- the I^coute i3oat at Amelia for the Safetv and 

tion of Prov- 

ince. protection of the Provence I must Inform You 

of Another Expence, for the Same use, not pro- 
vided for, viz, the Boat at S'. Andrews The crew 
of which Consists of a cockswain and Seven 
Rowers, The Principall use of this Boat, is, to 
give Intelligence to And to keep the Communi- 
cation open with S'. Simons. Amelia is at least 
50 miles, by the Inland passage, from S'. Simons 
if the Boat at Amelia should by Any Accident 
be Surprised, S^ Andrews And all Cumberland 
may [be] lost, whilst those at S'. Simons know 
nothing of the matter Besides one Boat would 
be necessan^ to observe the motions of any 
Enemie that might Aproach, and give Intelli- 
gences, from which Intelligences, our people 
would be Enabled to take such measures as 
Suited best with their Then Circumstances, 
where as they might be Tottally lost for want of 

This Boat at present is man'd by Soldiers 

Boat at 

sotdiers ^ from the two Companys at S\ Andrews, to 

from St. t ^ y 

Andrews. whom the General gives in proWsions and Shoes, 


Correspondence 153 

Mr. Hugh Mackay to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

to the best of my knowledge, at the rate of six 
pounds per annum each man. 

I believe it will be visible to every one that I 
can have no personall Interest in representa- 
tions of this kind, but from my own knowledge 
of the Situation of that County I know that this 
is absolutely necessary, not only so, but many boasts nlJe^s- 

" ■ " . sary. 

more Boats would be necessary for keeping up 
a regular Intelligence in a Country w^here all 
communication along the coast can only be kept 
open by watter. And I beg leave to Add that 
when the Trustees makes up the xVnnual Xeces- 
sary Estimates for the protection of the Pro- 
vince, the more of those Boats they have, the 
Safer the Colony will be. My Duty to the trus- 
tees And my regard for the Colony is the reason 
of my giving you this trouble. 

I am 


Your most humble serv\ 

Hugh Mackav: 


Johnsons Court. 
19^ June 1739. 

The Georgia Scout Boat consists of 
a Patroon & 10 Men & Provisions 
for them 258. 15. 1. 

8 Hands for the Boat at S'. Andrews 

for Provisions & Shoes at 6£ each 18. . 


Colonial Records 

"Wm. Stephens Escir. to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

W^. Stephens Esq^. to Mr. Harman Verelst 
accomptant to the honorable trustees for 
Establishing the Colony of Georgia at their 
Office near the House of Lords "West- 
minster. Eecd 3 Sept. 1739 

Savannah 22 Jun: 1739. 

Coppy of 
the minutes 
on Mr. 

A request 
Jos Wat- 
son's land. 


Your Favour of the 15 Feb. came to my hands 
here the 6"". inst, and not sooner; as you'll find 
it particularly noted in my Journal of that day, 
to y^"^. I beg leave to refer. Coppy of the 
Minutes on M'. Cookseys petition, which was 
enclosed, I observe duly; & twill at any time b^ 
a Rule, whenever occasion may require it. The 
letters enclosed I dispatchd forward to the Gen- 
eral y^ next day : w'^''. is all y' I apprehend need- 
full to be said in answer : only I must not forget 
to desire you'll do me the Friendly Office of 
returning my humble thanks to the honourable 
Trustees, for their kind disposition to gratify 
the Request I made 'em, concerning Jos' Wat- 
sons land ; which at present I ask leave to wave 
saying more of, till I have spoke with the Gen- 
eral again, & can learn whether or not I may 
depend on that land, w"". was partly fixed on 
the last time I saw him, at the mouth of Vernon 
River; as you may find the particulars of what 
passd there, in my Xotes of the 19 Apr. I hope 
I shall not fall, between 2 Stools. 


Wm. Stephens Esqr. to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

I am next to acknowledge the rec' of that 
Packett w'^. came by Cap'. Sbubrick & was ww?h"came 
brought from Frederica by Mess". Norris and shubAck. 
Browiifield, who returned thence together, & 
put it into my hands on the 10^''. inst : wherein I 
found divers' letters for several people in these 
parts; w'*". proper care was taken of: & there 
also I met w'*". yours of the 3^ Mar, signifying to 
me the pleasure of the Trustees, especially re- 
lating to the issuing £500 in Sola Bills, by Relating to 

' the issuing 

Mess"^. Causton, Parker, & my self, or anv 2 of ?f.: soia 

' 7 .. 7 ^ Bills. 

us; & £710 more in the like Bills, to be issued 
by Mess"^. Jones, Parker & my self, or any two 
of us ; with particular orders y'' M^ Parker and 
I should make out an acc^ shewing to whom and 
for w* Ser^^ces each respective Issue is made of 
the £500, agreeable to the aforesaid Directions ; 
which accompt He and I are to send to the Trust, 
signed by both of us, together w*'\ a List of y^ 
Bills so issued, in order to be discharged there- 
from: And likewise the same manner the issu- 
ing £710 by Mess". Jones, Parker, & my self; 
together with the produce of 15 Tunns of Beer; 
two of us three are to accompt for the Trustees ; 
t^* shew thereby in what Services, agreeable to 
the foregoing Instructions, the produce of the 
Beer & said Bills have been applyd. From all 
this put together, I was led to think, y* some- 
thing was required of those who signd the said 
Bills, y' deservd their farther particular care, 
as they were to be accountable: but from 
what M^ Parker tells me M'. Jones said 
to him, I am informed nothing is expected 
from him & me, than to sign to the issuing 

■- ir 

156 Colonial Eecords 

"Wm. Stephens Ksqr. to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

of them, & the rest M"". Jones is to take 
on himself: which answer ]\P. Parker was not 
so well satisfyd with, as to persuade himself to 
meddle rashly in a matter of so great conse- 
quence, w'*". out being better advised and as to 
my self, no question has yet been askd me about 
it, nor (possibly) ever may if not, I shall have 
no cause of being displeased, nor give any oc- 
casion I hope of displeasure to any one else: 
w''\ I fear might be the case if I should refuse 
signing those Bills ; or sign 'em without farther 
Eegard to what Uses they were issued. I can- 
not avoid saying y^ so difficult a peice of Con- 
duct, is a. little too abstruse for my simple un- 
wariness to get through, without great hazard 
of Blame ; which I would most gladly avoid. I 
will appear to plainly by my Journal, w'. Steps 
ca^st^Juspi-*° have been taken, by a Person, to render my 
Services suspected, whom I never, to my knovv'- 
ledge, provoked to use me or mine ill, by any 
unfaii- action, or Shew of Disregard: on y^ con- 
trary I have never failed to behave w^^. a 
Friendly Familiarity towards him; sought all 
occasions of conference, for promoting those 
Ends we came here for; & whenever he pleased 
to ask my attendance on any business, I am sure 
he never sent to me in vain: but in that for a 
while past, he spares me, or himself any trouble : 
for ever since y* memorable day of the 21 ulf^', 
when he found himself defeated, in fixing so 
vile a crime on my Son, w'*". it behoved me to see 
throughly canvassd; he will hardly vouch safe 
to take any notice of w*. I say to him : nor has 
he, in return to many Neighbourly visits I made 

cions upon 

Defeated in 
fixing crime 
on son. 

Correspondence 157 

Wm. Stephens Etqr. to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

him, (inteuding thereby to wipe out all remem- 
brance of what was past) ouce set foot within 
my doors ; but by all outward carriage, appears 
detennined to keep me at a distance ; nor shall 
I intrude, where I find I am no longer Welcome. 
I am veiy sensible tis with good reason expected 
y* I and every one else, who act in behalf of the 
Trust, should contribute all we can, to counten- 
ance and support M^ Jones in carrying on the 
affair he has committed to his charge; & I can 
take to my self the satisfaction, to say w^''. a 
good Conscience, y'. I have to my utmost en- 
deavourd, to discharge my Duty in so doing: 
but his unhappy temper will not allow him to 
look upon any body, howsoever well inclined, 'je^^iouT'%A 

. . p -n T • suspicious. 

without Jealousy and suspicion ot ill designs: 
and who knows how for y' may carry him into 
secret accusations 'to which if we add that 
haughty and morose carriage, w'*" he gives no 
restraint to ; it cannot be wondered at, if people 
on the other side look on him with less respect 
y'' otherwise might be due. Pardon me S'. for 
this freedome I take, in the fullness of my heart 
to give a short Sketch of the present Situation 
I am in; not designing to exhibit a charge ??'\^re.St"^ 

. Til • situation. 

against any man, nor to give any disturijaiice m 
y^ present course of business ; which I Avell knew 
is of the greatest consequence. My meaning 
only is, y* when I see an angry man brandish- 
ing weapons, I think it time to look about in 
my own Defence — But enough of that. 

What farther relates to my self, as to my 
future support here. I have in some of my 

'.y 1 

1 • f !■'. 

l'^8 CoLoxiAi. Records 

Wni. Stephens E.siir. to :Mr. Harman Verelst. 

former letters given yon sufficient trouble ; not 
to enlarge upon the same again now : not doubt- 
ing but the honourable Gentlemen whom I have 
so hearty a desire to serve effectually to good 
purpose, have ere this time thought it worth 

ens; fon^Sre. consideration, so as to enable me to perform it. 

voy^ie ^J" ^ My Son is preparing for his Vovage to England, 

England. . ^ -, . -r .' o y 

m pursuance of what I wrote m my last, of the 
19th, ult"^°, & for the reasons y". given: I hope 
he may by good Pro\idence arrive there in 
Sepf. & if he shall be thought worthy of being 
asked any Questions by the honourable Trus- 
tees; tho' he may be defective in Eloquence, I 
. dare pawn my own Credit he will not be so in 
the veracity of what he says, for I know he 
detests Falshood we shall part with expectation 
of meeting again here in few Months (God will- 
ing) to carry on our AVork with comfort. 

M-". Thomas Eyre, I learnt upon enquiry, was 
ByreltTt^^ living & Well at S\ Simons; & having some oc- 
simmons. caslou to Write to Lieut'. Dunbar there, I enclos- 
ed the letter to him, w^'\ was sent from M^ Eyi'e, 
who is of the honourable Trust : to whom I beg 
leave to offer my Complements of due Eespect. 

I acquainted Edward Bush, with the leave 
to "^alfe"" - given him by the Trust, to dispose of his Lot by 

will in favor -j,,.,, . /> i • — -- 

of daughter. \\ ill to One of his Daughters, in case he dies 
without Issue ^Fale. 

In my last of the 19 ]\[ay I sent Coppy of my 
Journal, &c, as usual, and do y^ same now to 
the 21 inst inchis: and haWng nothing at pres- 


Revd. Mr. Bolziiis to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

ent farther, y^ I think j^articiilarly deserves 
laying before the honourable Board, I remain 

Your most assured humble Servant 
Will : Stephens. 

(From B. P. E. O., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 
The Eev^. Mk. Bolzius to Me. Harmax Verelst 


Ebenezer July 4^\ 1739. 

Dear Sir 

Your both very acceptable Letters of the 3^ 
of March & the 2^ Apr. last are delivered me by Jf^^he'cS^ 
Col. Steaphans at the Arrival of our Carpenter, shoemaker' 

find fivG 

Sauftleben, who arrived at Ebenezer the 27 of ^omen. 
June together with the Shoemaker & five single 
Women safe & in a very good state of Health by 
the Way of Charles Town, being used very 
civilly by the Captain in their Sea Passage. You 
are pleased to acquaint me with the surprizing 
great Kindness & Benevolence of the Ilon'^"^ 
Trustees towards M"". Gronau as well as to our ^[.. Gi.on;iu 
Orphan - House, having generously allow 'd 30 £ tiuiidins of 
for the Building of Tliis House, & £ -tO towards House." * 
the Maintainance of poor people in our Orphan- 
House. Besides tliis they have bountifully sup- 
ply'd the Shoemaker upon his humble Eetiuest 
with Leather & other is^ecessaries, for which he 
is very willing according to his Agreement to 

IGO . CoLoxiAL Kecokds 

Revd. Mr. Bolzius to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

make shoes for the Orphan - House at half 

Price. May the Lord of Lords crown the Hon'''". 

Trustees with manyfold Blessings in this & th(? 

Te.stimonies other Life for these & many more Testimonies 

of the gener- r i.i • -r n n . „ - 

ous love and 01 their gencrous Love & favour to us & the 

favour of ot i i 

S^hT"saft? oaltzburgers, which shall be the constant Aim 
burgers. Qf ^he Pravors of grown people & children as 
long as we are able to breath, & I doubt not but 
gracious God, who loves ]\Iercy, will pour down 
upon them all manner of Happiness for sup- 
porting them under the great many Fatigues, 
which they generously undergo for the true 
Welfare of the Colony. His Excellency General 
Oglethorpe has issued Order to pay me the 
above mentioned Sum for M'. Gronau & the 
Benefit of the Orphan - House, which shall be 
apply 'd faithfully according to their Honours 
generous Intention. I was forced to run in 
Forced to soiuc Dcbts for the Sake of the Ori^han - House 

run in debt , .. •i-r-.'iT 

for the sake by raisiug its Luildmgs & buying several Neces- 

of Orphan- ^ . o 

House. saries in Cloathings ^c Provisions. But God be 

praised, who has inabled me now to pay the 
greater jiart of those Debts, & to carry on this 
necessary Work, whose foundation is laid in the 
Name of tlie Almighty, in which I hope his fur- 
ther Assistance. By industry of the people, 
that are imploy'd in the service of the Orphan - 
House, are planted last Spring several Acres 
with Corn, Peas, Rice & Potatoes, & if God gives 
his Blessing to it, we are in hopes of getting a 

Hope.s for a i i r j. ±. , . . 

Kood har- good liaiA'cst to a verv great Assistance m sut>- 

vest. . * ^ 

porting grown peoi)le & Children, that stand in 
need of l)eing maintained here. Our good God 
is graciously pleased to bless our weak En- 



Revd. Mr. Bolzius to ilr. Harman Verelst. 

deavours in bringing up the fatherless & other 
Children in his fear, & insuring them from their 
youth to necessary &; useful Labour, each to the 
Capacity of his Sex. I return you hearty 
Thanks for your good Advice in regard to our 
Children to be instructed in the English Ton- children m. 

^ structed m 

gue. In the first time of our Settlement, when Tongue. 
things use to meet with many Difficulties, our 
biggest Children were imploy'd in the "Work of 
their Parents or Eelations, & I having been 
partly weak & sick, partly Surrounded with 
ecclesiastical & temporal Business, being in- 
trusted likewise with the Charge of procuring & 
delivering the people's Provisions, had not op- 
portunity to spent much time in teaching the 
Children that may, but must be satisfy 'd in lay- 
ing a good foundation in their Hearts by the 
Articles of our Christian Eeligion, & preparing 
them to the holy Table, in which assisted me 

Mr. Gronau 

very heartily my dear Fellowlabourer jp. teaching the 

•' » ^ children of 

Gronau, being busy likewise in teaching the ^^^ coiony. 
Children read, write & little Accounts. After 
I had recovered a little my Health & Strength, 
& having got a little more skill in this useful 
Language, I made some Applications in the 
School teaching the Children English, ^z not 
without a hopeful Success. But being inter- 
rupted afterwards bv manv Business & ill state children 

* taught 

of Health, & the Children being used in their i^nei'sh. 
Parents Works in the Field, I could not come to 
that point, which I did aime at in my weak En- 
deavour. If the Lord is pleased to strengthen 
my Health, & conserve the Children's great do- 
light & Reli.=h, which thcv have in the English 



Revd. Mr. Bolzius to :Mr. Harman Verelst. 

master Ort- 
man's ineffi- 

Mr. Bol-zius' 
son instruc- 
tor of the 

Tongue. I am iu Hopes, tliat, what we have 
begun again for their behalf, will answer the 
Hon'''^ Trustees Wishes & Commands. There 
are already several young people of both Sexes 
in my Congregation, who have obtained some 
Skill in the English Tongue, & by much speak- 
ing they will improve themselves & others. I 
cannot forbear to mention, that our School- 
master, Ortman is not able to do any service in 
teaching the Children English. His Pronuncia- 
tion is quite wrong, very tedious & obscure, & 
having no Method & skill at all to lead Cliildren 
in an easy & plain Way of learaing this Tongue, 
we must be satisfy 'd to apply him to instruct 
the smal Children in reading German. My Boy, 
Bishop is now more able to be in some measure 
serviceable in this point, being better acquain- 
ted with the German Language, & lea\'ing the 
louger the more off from being fainthearted, he 
ingages himself to do what lyes in his power 
towards the Instructing of the Children in the 
English Tongue, for which if the Hon'^'^ Trus- 
tees would allow him some thing, it would re- 
dound to his very great Eucouragement. I make 
bold to assure you, good Sir, that by the Grace 
of God we endeavor to aim at nothing else but 
to be in every part useful Instruments to the 
Salt7A)urgliers c^c other people in this Colony, & 
as we bog of the Father of Mercy, Wisdom & 
Grace for luTt'ormiug our Duties with good Suc- 
cess, so we will take it allways for a great 
favour, if you arc pleased to take upon you the 
trouble of reminding us their Honours good In- 
tentions, c^' what means they find proper for 

JiWWP-J'-' "'" 

Correspondence 163 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

promoting the Welfare of our Settlement. 
Wishing the Hon^'^ Trustees & yourself all 
manner of Happiness, & recommending me, my 
Flock & Orphan - House to the Continuance of 
their great Favour, I take leave to subscribe 

Dear Sir 

your most obedient 

very humble Servant 

John Martin Bolzius. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Gen^. Oglethorpe's Letter to the Trustees. 
Eec^ 2 Nov. 1739 

Frederica in Georgia 4'*^. July 1739. 


Give me leave to thank you for the great care 
you took to send immediate assistance to ]\Ie. 
by ordering the Issuing of the Five Hundred 
Pounds in Bills, and by sending me [me] £ 710 
— in Bills, And by the vigorous push You made pres'ervinj' 
in Parliament, the Eesolutions of which hath and cove^r'^ 
preserved this Colony, and bv it covered all the K'^^^® ^' 


Trade of North America from the Spanish -^'^e'-^^^- 
Guarda Costas. 

I am, very glad to find by the last of yours 
that you have come to a Eesolution of keeping 
no Stores here, after what is at present in the 


CoLoxiAL Records 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

Magazines, is expended, but for the future pav- 

Stores abol- • p ji oi , r^ ■, • , 

ished. serv- mg tor tlie bcrvants bubsistance and other Ex- 
ants paid in 

X^^DiEi* P^^^^'S 1^ ready Money. In this there is but two 
ties thereby." Difficulties, which I hope to be able to regulate 
in the Execution, the first is, the Merchants 
seeing that there is no Public Stores may run 
up the Prices of all Provisions to trouble the 
Value, so that the People may not with their 
Money to be able to buy Food, the Second is, 
That the People themselves, where they receive 
their Pay may spend it in Drink instead of buy- 
ing Victuals, and so suffer in their healths, as 
the Independent Company did in General 
Nicholson's time, of whom two thirds died in a 
Regulations Year, However, I believe both these Inconven- 

for mer- 
chants and lences may be prevented by the RAulations 

settlers. •/ x ./ o 

w'": I shall make for the Merchants and Snt- 

I do not doubt but the Sum granted ])y Parlia- 
ment will enable us not only to pay the Debts of 
the Colony, and subsist it for this year, but also 
have a Fund beforehand, which w^ill prevent anv 
accidents for tlie future, but to bring this about. 
there must be a steady and regular manner of 
acting here. There are several Expences abso- 
lutely necessary and the factions liumour of 
many People, tlie difficulties of finding amongst 
such as are sent hither, any persons of proper 
Confidence to execute a Trust where a Gain 
attends, is very great. The Temptations of 
large Sums to poor People, who have given no 
Security are difficult to be withstood, and I have 
met with so much Roo:uerv that I have been ob- 

Sum grant- 
ed by Par- 
enough to 
pay debts of 
the Colony. 




Correspondence 165 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

liged to change hands frequently. The Powers 

given to the Magistrates have generally been 

made use of, either to get by winking at Men 

who disobey the Laws, or expecting large Al- La^break. 

lowances from the Trustees for doing their i^^%anded^at 

Duty, and they have banded at Savannah so 

strongly together that they refused M^ Jones, 

(as he informs me) to take any measures for 

preventing People who were running away with 

Effects, when in the Trustees Debt. The People 

have frequently been striving to denv any Au- Tryai of 

• " 1 >n 1 Trustees' 

thority in me, & would fain bring the Tryal p^^p^^^^^^ 
of the Trustees Properties before Juries, al- jui^'es. 
most every one of whom is interested by being 
Debtors to the Trustees and many declared that 
they would bring in their Verdict according to 
their Interest. They very ignorantly and un- 
justly at Savannah, tried the People who broke 
through the Eum Law, by Juries, who acquitted peopie who 
the Sellers in spite of Evidence. Here at Fred- faw^lcquit. 
erica, the Magistrates acted wisely, they tried of evidence. 
and con\dcted them at Petty Sessions as Jus- 
tices of Peace, and amongst others, levied upon 
a Master of a Sloop, who liad so many Friends 
amongst the Freeholders that they jjublickly de- 
clared in Town that no Jury would Convict him, 
though he tapped a Cask at Noon day. This 
steady Proceeding and the Appointing a very 
brisk man, Patrick Grant, (a Relation of Sir 
James Grant's) Naval Officer and Searcher, has 
got the better of Rum here. 

Jury refus- 
ed to con- 

I am insensibly got off from the most impor- 
tant matter, that of keeping the Expences of the 


Colonial Records 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

ments of 
silk, wine 
and agricul- 

grown popu- 
lous by Ger- 
man serv- 

Indians stir. 
red up by 
the Span- 
iard and 

Province within bound, and at the same time 
IDushing on the Improvements of Silk and Wine. 
and other Agriculture, making the Pro^dnce 
callable of subsisting itself, and encouraging In- 
dustry in such manner as the Inhabitants may 
be able to raise & sell Food sufficient for the 
Regiments Consumption, and for the Trustees 
Servants, so that they may not be obliged to buy 
from y^ neighboring Colonies, which if it can be 
compassed, the Planters by that ^Money will be 
enabled not only to purchase Cloathing, but also 
to pay for the Passage of Servants, and other 
labouring Hands, and thereby increase the Peo- 
ple of the Colony, without any new Expence to 
the Publick, And these Methods ha^^e already 
had their Effect in Pensilvania, which is grown 
wonderful populous by the Geraian Servants. 

I have been labouring to reduce the Expences 
within bounds, and to fix them to some Cer- 
tainty, but have met with so many other Affairs 
arising from Oppositions, many of which were 
surely set on foot on purpose to prevent my 
having time to regulate the Expences and look 
into Accounts. I think I have got pretty near 
through and should have finished in about a 
months time, but the Indians have been stirred 
up to insist upon my meeting them, and they 
hold a general Assembly for that purpose, upon 
y^ Result of which depf^nds the "Welfare not only 
of this, but of the Colony of Carolina. The 
Spaniards and French have both been active & 
have spared no pains to gain an Interest suffi- 

Correspondence 167 


Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

cieut amongst the Indians to perswade them to 
separate from the English. 

I send you an account of sundry Disburse- 
ments made by me by the hands of Moore, and I burs^ementl' 
submit them to you to consider of them and if 
you think they ought to be repaid, you will 
please to pay them to jNP. Verelst on my Ac- 
count. If there are any Articles that You ob- 
ject to. If you will let me know them I will ex- 
plain them in the General Account, this being 
only an Account for some Disbursements which 
I send home for your Perusal till I can get the 
general Account and the Issues of all y^ Stores 
and Provisions by me brought and applied to 
the Trust's Service. 

It is necessary to set down the following 
Articles for explaining the Expences of the 

1^'. The whole Civil and Militaiy Expences 
were to be defrayed by the Trustees till the penses 
Arrival of the Eegiment, And till my Arrival, 
none of the Trust's ^Military Expences were 

2'^'''. On the arrival of the first Detachment 

- — ArriViil of. 

with Colonel Cochran, the Trustees were put to first detach- 

' ment with 

new Expences for Boats to carry up the Sol- g"^- coch. 
diers, the King's Stores and Provisions, also 
for Warehouses for them ; and at the Trustees 
Expence also Cleft - board Houses were built 
for the Reception of the five Companies' quar- 
tered for the Defence of Georgia. These Ex- 
pences, had I been here, should not have been 

Military ex- 


Colonial Records 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

No taxes 
levied in 

paid, but have been directly certified home, that 
the Trustees might have applied to the Crown 
to obtain Payment for the persons who had dis- 
burst them. It is very true that they were ab- 
solutely necessary or the Troops must have 
perished. It is also as true that Colonies who 
levy Taxes upon the People, do out of them 
Taxes defray all surh contingent Charges 
necessary for the Troops sent for their Defence, 
But this is not the Case of Georgia, where there 
can be no Taxes levied, and consequently the 
Trustees cannot defray the Contingences, there- 
fore they very properly ought to have been rep- 
resented to the Crown. 

3^'^ W. HortoD when he found that it was 
lessened'^thl uecossary there should be Cleft board Houses 

expenses of . 

buildings. provided for covering the Eegiment, imployed 
as many of the Inhabitants as were indebted to 
the Trustees for Food, as would work, and 
thereby lessened the Expence of those Build- 
ings, since he thereby secured the Payment of 
Debts, which it would otherwise have been very 
difficult to recover. 

4''''^ IP. Hugh Mackay imployed at S'. 
Andrews, the Trustees Ser\'ants to build the 

Mr. Hugh 
erects cleft 

board Qlcft board liouscs there, and some few other 
n rews. Carpcutcrs and hired men. 

5^'^"'. I presume that the Trustees have a very 
good Demand for the building of the above 
mentioned two Camps of Cleft board houses in 
which 500 Mqu, and their Officers are con- 
veniently lodged, since It was done bv Servants 

Correspondence 169 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

and Creditors fed & cloatlied by the Trust, 
whose Labours might have been other ways of 
use to them. 

6""'^ It is necessary for the Trustees to use 
their Endeavours to people the Colony, for 'endllvou^-s 
which they are entrusted with the Public Money, the coiony 
People cannot live without Protection & Com- 
munication. The regular Troops protect the 
Frontier Islands but Boats are necessary for 
Communication, and Watchmen for preserving 
the Peace of y® Countrey, and Horsemen for 
pursuing in the Woods. Felons Eunaway Ser- 
vants, Outlaws and Slaves from Carolina, which 
have already molested y^ Inland Parts of the 
Countrey and thieving, for want of Rangers to 
pursue them, is grown so common that great Hogs and 

ir 7 r> a cattle killed 

numbers of Hogs, and not a few Cattel, have ^^ woods. 
been killed in the AYoods, so that it is dangerous 
to let them out, and People have neither In- 
closures nor Food to keep them at home. The 
killing and stealing of Hogs has been so fre- hogs ven- 

^ . frequent at 

quent at Savannah that there is hardly one per- savannah. 
son in that Town that has one, though when I 
left that Province there were several hundred 

ythiy^ There are great numbers of Servants 
belonging to the Trustees. Those at Savannah fon^'ging'^to'^ 
were under the Care of ^l\ Bradley and M\ IJls.'^"''^ 
Causton, of whose "Work I have been hitherto 
not able to get a full Account. Those at Darien servants at 
were under the Charge of AP. Mcintosh, and ?^/'?he"''' 
have learned to Saw, so that all the Boards im- Mr^Mc 

Intosh learn- 

ployed in y^ King's Works, as also those for ing to saw. 

170 Colonial Records 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

building the Chappel at Frederica, have been 
sawed by them, the Value of which, I believe, 
Mill near answer y^ keeping of them. And next 
year, as they are now Masters of their Business, 
will, I hope, considerably more than maintain 
imlua^ln- them. The Servants in Amelia are under M". 

der Hugh ,, . e I^^ 

Mackay's Hu^rh Mackays charge, there is a very tertile 

charge have o ./ o 7 

made^a plan- gp^^ ^f Grouud, ou which I placed them, and 
they have made a Plantation, it promises fair 
for a great Crop of Corn, much more than they 
can eat, but their Cloathing and Meat kind will 
be still some Charge, nor can the Trustees ex- 
pect that their Servants should at first entirely 
defray their Charges, for they must consider 
Building that a great part of their time must be taken up 
hSVd^^'"' in building Hutts, and clearing and fencing of 
ilnd!""^ Land, which is an Improvement of the Province 

& a greater Gain to it than the Crop raised with- 
in the Year. 

8""^^ Several Boats are absolutely necessary 
Boats for for the Province, one at least to each Settlement, 
which if the Trust does not maintain, the People 
can not, and it is as good withdrawing at once 
from the Colony, as forcing the People to leave 
it. I have done all I could to reduce the Charge 
of Boats, as I have wrote more at large. 

9"^'^ This Countrey cannot be supported 
without Cattel; the Trustees have a large Herd, 
te'es- "cartel. ^|-^g keeping of whicli hath been a considerable 
Expence to them, but I think the Profit upon the 
Increase, notwithstanding that vast numbers 
have been killed and stole, is above treble the 
Charges they have cost, but if M'. Jones the 

the Province 

The Trus- 

Correspondence 171 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

Storekeeper had not acted Avith great Courage, 
there was a general Combination to eat the Trus- Sed °w?fh 
tees Cattel, and I cannot say, that the Magis- fs^^ ''''"'^' 
trates at Savannah did act with that Vigonr 
that they might have done, till I my self was 
obliged to make them examine the People before 
me, and there was sncli a good natured Spirit 
stirring that I was informed no Savannah Jnr;^^ 
would find a man Guilty for killing the T'rustees 
Cattel in the Woods'. Of which I suppose lSl\ 
Jones has given you a full Account. This has 
forced me to Continue a Number of Cattel Hun- 
ters, by which means I have already stopped the 
Stealing, and above Sixty wild Calves have been o " catte7'^''^ 

hunters con- 

taken up and marked at the Cow Pen at Ebe- tinued. 

10'^'^ Till the present Stores are issued, of 
which I have laid in a great quantity, there will 
be Occasion not only for a storekeeper & Clerks, 
but several other Servants and Laborers for 
unloading and preserving. Several may be re- 
duced as soon as we can put the new Eegulation 
into Practice, but some will always be neces- 
sary, particularly a Smith for the Indian Arms, 
a Surveyor &:c*. 

I am afraid I shall tire You with too long a 
Letter, if I should enter into the whole Detail of impossible 
the Province, and it is impossible to explain all thirfg^^at^so 
things at this Distance. The only method that ^^"ce. 
I can think of to hinder any Increase beyond y® 
intended Expences, is strictly to adhere to the 
Notice you have already advertized, and which Notices up 
is now up at all the Storehouse Doors, that no houle°^doors. 


Colonial. Records 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

Amount to 
be expended 
yearly upon 

Law alter- 
ing the en- 
tails of 

Those mail- 
ing more 
noise about 
land are 
those who 
neglect it. 

person shall contract any Debt chargeable upon 
the Trustees, and I fear, the allowing any of the 
People here to indorse your Bills, will give a 
new Credit to them persons, which perhaps, 
may be better let alone, for this reason I 
scratched out the Indorsement which I had 
ordered to be made to ]\P. Causton, and issued 
them my self, and have charged mj self with 
that £500 received from you. 

I mentioned in my fist Letter that if you would 
acquaint me how much you intended to expend 
yearly in Georgia. I would frame an Establish- 
ment to that Sum in y^ best manner I could, .and 
would take Care to whilst I was here, that it 
should not be exceeded and to have left the 
strongest Orders for Securing the Same after 
my Eeturn, and to have had Security given for 
the Execution of them. 

There are two Matters of great Importance 
that I cannot omitt speaking of before I con- 
clude. First. 

You mention a new Law concerning the alter- 
ing the Entails of Estates. There are infinite 
Difficulties in getting the Laws now in being for 
this Countrey executed, therefore I should not 
yet wish for any new ones. The Titles are at 
present upon a very good Footing, and those 
who made most noise about their Lands, are 
those who have taken no Care of making any 
Use of them. I Suppose the heads which you 
sent me will be very well considered, and before 
passed, many things amended, for as they stand 
they first deprive the ^^lale heir, who has now a 


Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

Eight from the Grandfather, in favor of the 
Daughter of the Son. Secondly. They tend to t ^Ist^V 
uniting of Lotts and destroying the Agrarian eciuaufy^'^^^" 
Equality, one of the first Princijoles on which 
you set out. Thirdly. They leave Freehold Pos- 
sessions open to the Frauds of AVills, a Griev- Freehold 


ance Complained of in England, and a Yoke frtfuH'^of^^ 
which neither "We nor our Fathers could bear. '"'"'^' 
They being Freeholders to be judged by the 
Civil Law, which is the Law by which Wills are 
decided, instead of being judged by y^ comuiQn 
Law of the Land. And this will make a Court of 
Doctors Commons, and a Chancerv necessarv, Doctors, 

' " " ' Commons 

either of which will be enough to crush a full cei^ necet"' 
gro^vn, much more a young Colony. I am per- ^^^■'' 
swaded that You will not pass any Law till such 
time as the Accounts and Affairs of the Colony 
are settled. 

The Second thing is, You sent over £710 in 
Bills to be issued for certain purposes. I im- 
mediately signed and issued £40 to M". ]\Lleod, 
£70 to W. Bolzius & W. Gronnu, and £60 to M^ 
Jones for the Servants, and sent them to I\r. 
Jones to be signed. M". Mcleod & I\P. Jones &g^. 
inform me that Colonel Stephens and ]\P. J;='J- fn^^jij.. 
Parker have both refused signing of them by FuYe'd'to^sign 
which means they will be greatly distressed for 
want of ^^.loney. Upon which ]\P. Jones came up 
in an Express Boat to me from Savannah. He 
will acquaint 3'ou w^\ ]\P. Parker's reasons. 
Tliis might have occasioned some Uneasiness to 
the Trustees Affairs, but I have prevented it 
for I will take up the Bills and pay the Orders, »Vc 

174 Colonial Kecords 

John Caldwell to Mr. Harrnan Verelst. 

I have sent home the Bills aDd hope that you 
will pay into W. Verelst 's hands the Amount of 
those Bills making £710 to answer my Draughts 
upon him for the Same. Though this is an In- 
conveniency, I think it hath prevented a worse, 
that is to Say, Your giving a Credit to any 
Persons in America after your Orders published 
to the contrary. 

I am 


Your most obedient 
humble Serv^ant 

James Oglethorge. 
The Hono^'^ The Trustees. 

(From B. P. P. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from John Calwell 9 July 1739 to 
Me. Haemax Verelst at the Hon^^^. The 
Trustee's Office for Establishing the 
Colony of Georgia Old Palace Yard. 

Westminster Eecd 2. Nov. 1739 

His Excellency Gen'. Oglethorpe who has 
laSr'su^ey. bccn plcasod to Appoint me Land Sur\'evor in 

or in place p ^r « 

Au^spour- ^^^ ^'^^^^ ^^ ^^'- Augspourguer has given me 

^«-- Leave to Apply to The Hon'''^ The Trustees & 

to you in order to give directions that my Child 

Henry Calwell who lives with Francis Eoche 

Correspondence 175 

Revd. Mr. Gronau to Mr. Harman Verelst, Esqr. 

Coach maker on the Marsh near the Bowling 

Green in Cork may come by the first Ship bound f^om *\h? 

from said place to this Town. I be^ that you or fo/wJ^^' 

, , f . child to 

would be pleased to present My Inclosed Peti- come over to 

^ ^ -^ the Colony. 

tion To The Hon^^^ The Trustees & to do what- 
ever else youll find proper to have my desire 
Eifected which Favour I shall always Esteem 
with the Utmost Gratitude, ha^^no* a ^eat 

° ° Likes the 

Liking to this Place I am very uneasy to have coiony. 
my Child in another & therefore hope for this 
Favour from you — 

I shall always be Glad to Receive any Com- 
mands from The Hon^'^ The Trustees & I hope 
to give them all Satisfaction in the Execution 
thereof as I have to His Excellency I am 


Your most humble 

& Most obedt. Serv^ 

John Calwell. 
Frederica Julv 9*\ 1739. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

The Rev°. Me. Geonau to Mr. Harman Verelst 
EsQ^. AT London, Rec^ 5 October 1739. 



Savannah Julv ll'\ 1739. 

Dear Sir, 

I received your Letter of the 3^ of March last, 
in which you gave yourself the trouble to in- 

176 Colonial. Records 


Revd. Mr. Gronau to Mr. Harman Verelst, Esqr. 

form me, that the Honourable TiTistees were 
pleased to allow £30 more towards the Building 
of my House, besides the £10, which I have re- 
ceived before to that purpose from M'. Causton. 
I am quite unworthy of such a great benefit, & 
believe, it is God that has inclined the hearts of 
the Trustees, to look with a favourable eye upon 
my humble Petition, which I took the Liberty 
to lay before them. I hope, God will upon my 
granted. humble rcqucst inable me, to spent my time in 
this House, as long as I live, to his Glory & to 
the Welfare of our Congregation. I wish from 
all my heart, that our good & rich God may re- 
ward their Honours for their very great favor to 
me thousand times & bless them in all their Un- 
dertakings. His Excellency General Ogle- 
thoi-pe, who arrived hear last night, paid to me 
the said £30 by his Secretarie M". Moore, to 
whom I gave [torn away] of it. Be pleased to 
present my humble Eespect t[o the] Honourable 
Trustees, Wishing them many Rewards fr[om] 
Heaven for all their & especially for this Bene- 
faction. Likewise I return you many thanks 
for all your favours, which you have for me, 
who am / Dear Sir 

your most obedient hum[ble]/ Servant. 
Israel Christian Gronau. 


Patrick Grant to the Trustees. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from Patrick Grant To Y^. Hon^^^ Y^ 
Trustees for E'st.vrlishixg the Colony of 
Georgia ix America. July 14, 1739 Rec°. 
2 Nov. 1739 A. 

May it please your Honours 

As I have tlie honuor of being appointed by his 
Excellency General Oglethorpe, Naval Officer ^er^'^'ai^d 
and Search Concerning Eum and other Spirit- concemm 
uos liquors & Contrband Goods in the Southern 
Boundaries of this Province: I thought it my 
Duty to Accquaint Your Honours that there are 
Considerable quantities of Foreign Sugars and 

Xaval Offi- 

rum, etc. 



Molasses imported here, with a fraudelent in- m-Masles^fm. 
tention of re-exporting the Same, and to de- fraudulent 
fraud the Crown of a part of its Eevenue, Con- 
trary" to An Act for the better Securing and 
Encouraging the trade of his Majestys Sug^ 
Colonies in America by which it is Eaacted that 
Duties are to be paid for said Goods, and there- 
fore I have Made bold to make my Application 
to your Honours, (as No Duties hath been as 
yet levied) in order to know your Pleasure con- 
cerning tliat aifair — who am — 

May it please Your Honours 
Your Most Obedient 
& Most humble 

P. Grant. 
Georgia July 14'\ 1739 


Colonial. Rfxords 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

General Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 16 July 
173:9 Eec^ b Nov. 1739. 

pounds of 
silk sent to 
the Trus- 

for lands. 

Talfeur, an 
and Wil- 
liams, a mer- 
chant quit 
planting to 
sell rum. 

Land taken 
for debts. 


I send you by M". Auspourger about twenty 
pounds Weight of Silk, we hoped for five times 
the quantity, but for want of room we made use 
of the House where the Sick People used to be, 
and the Infection had such an Effect, (as 
Camus tells me) that it occasioned a Sickness 
amongst the Woi-ms, which destroyed a great 
many. Some of the Silk was wound last year, 
but most, this. I hope we shall have better 
Success next. 

Several applications vdW be made to You 
for Lands, but I hope you will make no new 
Grants what-ever till we can get those already 
granted, in some manner cultivated. There is 
one Talfeur an xVpothecary Surgeon who gives 
Physick, and one Williams of whom I wrote to 
you formerly, a Merchant who quitted planting 
to sell Rum. To these two, almost all the Town 
is in debt for Physick & Rum & they have raised 
a strong Spirit to desire that Lands may be 
alienable, and then they would take the Lands 
for the Debts, monopolize the Countrey and set- 
tle it with Negroes. They have a vast deal of 
Art, and if they think they cannot carry this, 
they would apply for any other alteration, since 
they hope thereljy to bring Confusion, and You 
cannot imagine how much uneasiness. I have 


Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

liad here. I hope therefore you will make no 

I desire you would send over an Appointment 
to the Magistrates of the Town Court of Savan- 
nah for the time being to proceed to put the I5t. ^"™ 
Eum Act in Execution. 

There is lately a considerable Trade started 
up here and M'. Fallowfield Collector of Savan- 
nah, and j\F. Grant Naval Officer and Searcher 
at Saint Simons, vigilantly acquainted me that 
they had discovered that there were some Span- 
ish Sugars imported here, which I think ought Spanish 

o 1- y o sugars im- 

to pay a duty to the King. I ordered the two p"^^^'^- 
Officers to write to you, and hope you will order 
proper Lawyers to be consulted, and send us 
advice what to do. 

The French & Spaniards have used their ut- 
most Endeavours to raise Disturbances amongst The French 

^ and Span- 

our Indians, & the not deciding clearly in the jfea^voui^'to 
Act relating to them has given such Insolence to tSrtfances 
the Carolina Traders y' y^ Indians have de- indirns. 
clared, if I do not come up to them they will take 
Arms, & do themselves Justice & have ordered 
a general Assembly of all the Nations to meet 
me, I set out this night and am 


Your most obedient 

humble servant 

James Oglethorpe. 

Savannah 16'*. July 1739. 

The Hono^'^ the Trustees. 

180 Colonial Records 

Letter from John Martin Bolzius. 

(From B. P. R. O., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 
John Martin Bolzious, 19 July 1739 

EJbenezer in Georgia July 19'''. 1739. 

Most Honoured Sir, 

As your Honour was pleased heretofore to 
bestow many Favours upon me & my Flock, for 
which I return you most humble Thanks, so I 
doubt not but you will take my "Writing to you 
in the same good Part, as you was always gen- 
erously inclined to do formerly. I have taken 
the Liberty some time ago to lay before your 
Honour by the ReV. M^ Ziegenhagen the 
A home for Charges of a House for my Ministry, & since he 
try. wrote me Word, that you did not dislike it, but 

had a mind to recommend it to the Hon^'^ Trus- 
tees, I make now bold to acquaint you humbly, 
that a very good & for obtaining the Ends of 
my Ministry very convenient House is now 
built, <fc I have the Satisfaction of seeing now 
by sweet Experience, what Difference be be- 
tween a Dwelling-House &: a Hutt, where I was 
forced to live for the space of 3 years to many 
Disappointments of my Health &. ministerial 
Office. The Charges of this Building amount 
higher than I could imagine before \'iz to £82 — 
12 — but I make bold to assure your Honour, 
that Ministers of the Saltzburgers after my De- 
parture w\\\ liave the Benefit of this House 
longer than hundred years. Our Carpenters 
and other Saltzburgers have done their Work 

Correspondence 181 

Letter from John Martin Bolzius. 

SO faithfully, as I could wish, & bring before the 
Throne of Grace many thanksgiving Sacrifices 
for having gained that way some Money for 
buying necessaries for themselves & families, 
therefore look ujDon their AVages as Benefac- 
tions bestowed upon them. General Oglethorpe 
was so generous as to lend me some Money &^ Sid by 
gave me liberty to take out of the Store at tho°rpe*!*^'^' 
Savannah some Provisions & other Things for 
my Carpenters, which was a good Means to pay 
a part of their Wages, and I am very willing to 
repay it very thankfully as soon as I am able 
to do it by kind Benefactors. The Hon^^^ Trus- 
tees have been so generous as to bear the 
Charges of M^ Gronau's House, for which 
Goodness he has returned himself most humble 
Thanks in a Letter to M^ Verelst: this en- 
courages my Hope, their Honours will not take 
it amiss, if I beseech them most humbly for 
some Assistance more towards the Building of 
my House, than they have bountifully allow 'd 
allready. I have wrote a Letter to M"". Yerelst a 
fortnight ago but did not mention any thing of 
my House, being not finished at this time. 
Therefore, I crave your Honour's Goodness to 
recommend the Necessity &: Charges of my 
House to the Hon^'^ Trustees, which will be of 
such a Weight & happy Effect, that it will make 
me rejoyce & thankful to God & Benefactors. 
If merciful God is graciously pleased to pre- 
seiwe my Life, I shall endeavour my self to the 
utmost of my Strength to spent all the rest of 
my Life in this House to the Honour of God, & 


Colonial Eecords 

Letter from John Martin Bolzius. 

A visit from 
Gen. Ogle- 
thorpe to 
the Saltz. 

to answer the praysewortliy Intentions of my 
dear Superiors, which they aime at by maintain- 
ing me in the Congregation of the Saltzburgers. 
And as every one of my beloved Hearers is es- 
ceeding glad to see now a good House built for 
my Sz the Congregations Use, so they do joyn 
with me in Prayers to beseech the Almighty for 
rewarding you & them for such a great Favour, 
I expect chearfully from their & your innate 
Goodness in Eespect to the Charges of my 
House. His Excellency General Oglethorpe 
honoured yesterday our Town by His Presence 
& did like my House very well, & was generous- 
ly inclined to recommend it to their Honours, 
the Trustees in his next Letter, being now for 
the Welfare of the Colony gone up to the Indian 
Nations in the Mountains. He was mighty kind 
to our Inhabitants, especially to our Orphan- 
House & has payd out of His Pocket £40 for 
the Benefit of the Orphan House in lieu of those 
Sola-Bills, which the Hon^'^ Trustees have sent 
over to be signed by Col. Steaphans & Bailiff 
Parker, which they excused themselves to do for 
some Reasons vvdiich they will, I believe, write 
themselves to the Trustees. His Exceiiency 
General Oglethorpe was much troubled by a 
great many Groundless Complaints of our 
School Master Ortman & his Wife, which he 
took the Trouble almost half a Day to inquire 
into. His AVife was allways exceeding t]-ouble- 
sonie by her scandalous Behaviour to my Con- 
gregation, & since Necessity for stoping AVick- 
edness in the Bud, obliged me to forbid her the 

Gen Ogle- 
thorpe on 
a visit to 

of school- 
master Ort- 
man and his 

Correspondence 183 

Letter from John Martin Bolzius. 

holy Table till she would make satisfaction by 

V7ife of 

leading a better life, it occasioned the School schoolmaster 
Master to grieve me & my Fellowlabourer verj'- tiden the '^' 

rites of the 

much by Oppositions, slanderings & false Im- ^°^y Table. 
putations before the Magistrates at Savannah 
as well as before General Oglethorpe, but to 
their own shame & Confusion. Since the man 
is grown by his "Wifes wicked Contrivances, & 
Insinuations obstinat & disobedient, he is a 
great Burthen to us, & not at all useful to our 
School, which my Duty obliges me to acquaint 

' ^ J o ^ The Bchool- 

your Honour with. He could not be used in "'gat^^bm- 
any measure to instruct our Children in the colony^ ^^^ 
English Tongue, -which was heretofore a grecit 
Disappointment to us. Notwithstanding he pre- 
tended strongly to be a English School Master, 
but his wrong Pronunciation &■ great many schooi- 

. . ® "^ master Ort- 

Mistakes m spelling, reading & writing occa- man not ai- 

i o7 o o lowed to 

sioned General Oglethorpe to order me nor to English. 
give him leave to teach any Child English. / 
I dare not trouble you any longer by my Writ- 
ing in your Weighty .Affairs, but committ you 
& all your praiseworthy Undertakings to the 
Grace & Conduct of merciful God, being with 
the greatest Eespect & hearty Salutations from 
me, M". Gronau, our Families & whole Congre- 
gation / Your Honour's / most obedient 

very humble Servant 

John Martin Bolzius 

184 Colonial Recoeds 

Wm. Stephens Esq. to the Trustees. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

W^^. Stephens Esq^. to the Trust, 25 July 
1739. Eec^ 5 October 1739. 

Savannah 25 July. 1739. 

Honourable Gentlemen 

Your Commands which I received from M". 
Verelst of 2 Apr, were so expressive, and full, 
in many particulars; that they demanded my 
utmost attention in frequent personal, & all pos- 
sible Regard to be shewn in observing them: 
how far it has lain in my power to act conform- 
able to those Orders, it behoves me now to un- 
fold, as far as my knowledge ^vill inform me. 
I cannot but take notice that the Directions at 
this time reC^. by me appear to be a continua- 
tion, and (in a great measure) Enforcement of 
those formerly sent to M"". Parker & me, relating 
to the Issues of Stores; with divers Enlarge- 
iSrTP' °' ments of such Rules as we were to act by. I 
hope on this occasion I may ask leave to refer 
to my former letters «S: Journals which I wrote 
in October last; wherein I laid before you the 
measures v^"" the General saw proper to be 
taken in such an exigence ; when M". Jones rec^ 
from him such Rules, as I must presume were 
requisite, that important occasion; w^^. I was 
unacquainted with : wherefore M^ Parker and 
I thought it became us not to appear too of- 
ficious, in medling with what we could not un- 
derstand; & for that reason might probably 

Relating to 


Wm. Stephens Esq. to the Trustees. 

err, from the Purposes the General had formed 
to reduce matters into good order again, in 
time coming. ]\P. Jones then had full posses- 
sion of all; & from thence forth appeard not 
to stand in need of any assistance; excepting- 
only in cases of some few necessitous craving 
people, whose Importunity would sometimes in- 
duce him to advise with us, how far their cir- 
cumstances (w'-'^ he was a Stranger to) entitled 
y" to Belief. The stores grew scanty apace, 
by reason of so many large demands of divers 
creditors ; & in some few months became quite J^n°dg "^yn 

ths stores 

exhausted; from which time we have been put 
to hard shifts, how to feed your own Servants, 
who are pretty numerous; by killing now and 
then 2 or 3 Steers at a time ; w"^. has been deliv- 
ered out fresh; & then all such as had any 
pretence of Claim, have also been urgent for 
a little to help 'em; having no other Market 
to go to, & very few any money to buy, if there 
was: which has frequently been attended w*^. 
such hardships as cannot but be exj^ected : nev- 
ertheless, the people in general, being inured 
by degrees to bear 'em, have with patience truly 
commendable, rubbd on, in confidence of seeing 
a better face of affairs hereafter: whilst they 
of another disposition, always most clamorous, 
tho' far less worth regarding, have sought for 
better Fare in another Province; where I am 
mistaken if they find they can support them- 
selves better, unless they take more pains to 
live by their labour, than they used here. 

Prom what I have now wrote, as well as for- 

186 Colonial Records 

Wm. Stephens Esq. to the Trustees. 


rnerly hinted, you'll please to observe, y^ very 
little of what is done at the Stores, has fallen 
within my Cognizance, or M'. Parkers: which 
I humbly hope will not be imputed to us as a 
neglect of Duty for what is past ; or a studyed 
endeavour to avoid w' your Honours seem to 
expect from us at present: for (to speak my 
mind freely) your Storekeeper appears so well 
fortifyd in his Post, that I presume he would 
to hi/^SfsT.*^ not readily admit of any Diminution of his au- 
thority: which nevertheless shall not deter me 
from putting him in mind of making up his Ac- 
comits monthly in the manner you are pleased 
to direct : &; in like manner signify your pleas- 
ure to the Storekeeper at Frederica. 

In my last of the 22 June to M". Verelst, I 
gave a full narration of what was done in rela- 
tion to those Bills, which you were pleased to 
direct us to take a joynt charge of upon our 
selves, c^' to account for w' Services, & to whom, 
they were issued : but as it was thought needless 
since; T can assure my self, no Blame will rest 
upon such as never declined it. 

I promise my self y' due care will be taken, 
in executing the Conmiission given in charge to 
the persons therein named, pursuant to the In- 
structions therevv'ith sent; wiiich could not well 
be euterd upon immediately, till the General 
leaving us gave a vacancy of more time: but 
now we shall no longer delay it (as ]\P. Jones 
tells me) ; intending iirst to begin with the cer- 
tificates, & principally with what relates to ^P. 
Jennys : and our proceedings therein you shall 

Correspondence 187 

Wm. Stephens Esq. to the Trustees. 

from time to time be as fully informed in, as 
I am capable of. I shall make it my care, in 
conjunction witli the first & second Bayliff of 
Savannah, to appoint a proper Overseer of the ^^ 

Trusts Sei'\"ants, under such Qualifications as Trustt 



directed, assoon as we can come at them: but 
there is no Step yet taken by M'. Bradley to 
deliver up those under his Charge; nor any 
thing else of the Trusts Goods or effects in his 
hands; notwithstanding his being absolutely 
discharged from Your Service, as you are 
pleased to inform me : it must be acknovrledged 
indeed y' he has been lately very likely to die in^' ^""^'^'^^ 
in a dangerous Sickness; wherefore we expect, 
on Ms going abroad again, y'' he will comply in 
what is required; or other measures must un- 
doubtedly be taken. Assoon as those Servants 
can possibly be brought under that Regulation 
now designed, I shall transmit such a List as 
you expect, of the whole Number, in such Class- List of 

servants era- 

es as may shew what they are employed about ; pioyed. 
■together with the times of Service to which 
they are severally respectively engaged: when 
I shall likewise endeavour to learn, for your 
Information, what will be the expence, fully to 
maintain each by the week in Victuals & 
Cloths ; for the purpose thereby intended. 

What I have now wrote, I am sensible will 
appear, rather an account of what I have not 
done, with the reasons why, than what I have; 
which I hope will be y^ Subject of my next: 
wherefore I must wish, that my Journal here- 
with sent, may supply the room of what I have 

188 Colonial Records 

V,'m. Stephens Esqr. to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

else to offer. But I must not omit to ac- 
knowledge, witli all due gratitude, the Bounty 
you were so good to allot me of £50 to be paid 
me in consideration of those misfortunes y^ had 
befallen me, as specif yd in M'. Verelsts letter of 
the 2*^ of Apr ; and which by order from the Gen- 
eral M". Francis Moor paid me soon after the 
General left us; He staying here yet, by the 
Generals appointment, to execute such orders 
as I presume he was charged with; but what 
they were, or how long his abode is to continue 
with us, I know not. I remain 
Honourable Gentlemen 

Your most obedient humble Servant 
Will: Stephens. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 
W^. Stephens Esq^. to Me. Harman Verelst 


AT THEIR Office near the House of Lords. 
Reo^ 5 October 1739. Westminster. 



Savannah 26 July 1739 

I have just made an end of my letter to the 
honourable Board yesterday in the Evening, 

Correspondence 189 

Wm. Stephens Escir. to Mr. Ilarman Verelst. 

when by a Boat belonging to this place that re- 
turnd from Charles Town, I rec*^. a Pacquet sent 
me bv the Attorney General, which he had on facquet 

' from the At- 

the arrival of the Prince Gaily, Cap\ Bowles ; ^?^f ^ '^'^"■ 
wherein I found letters for the General, & many 
others, w*"*. I took due care of; delivering such 
as belonged to his Excellence, to his Secretary 
M'. Moor; & those to other people would like- 
wise be given them safely: among others, I 
can never forget two y*. you was so kind to TrSstS' for 
write of 24 Apr & 10 May, signifying to be the shown 
kind and generous regard the hon^'^ Trustees 
were so good unanimously to shew to me and 
my future supports, when it came under their 
Deliberation: which (you'll believe) was mat- 
ter of great comfort to me : & your kind man- 
ner of acquainting me with it, plainly discoverd 
such a friendly Good TVill of the 'Writer, y' it 
added very much to the pleasure. I can only 
desire that they'll continue the same kind Opin- Stnuin^ce"^ 
ion of me, & be perswaded firmly of my utmost °^ ^°°'' ^'"" 
endeavours to render my future Service, as far 
as possible, adequate to their Favour. The Pub- 
lick have reason sufficient also, to be sensible of 
the Benefit intended them, by a farther addi- 
tion in the Act now framing, of liberty to all Liberty to 

1 1 -r T • r> 1 • appoint suc- 

sucn as have no Issue living of their own, to censors by 

those having 

appoint any other Person their Successor, un- "'^'■^•^"^■ 
der those Eestrictions named: which surely 
must put an end to all future pretence of un- 
easiness about their Tenure: and as for xegroes ar.o 

■VT -r ^ 1 ' • ^^^ ori^nal 

r«egroes, I alwaj's thought it an impudent at- constitution 
tempt to subvert the original constitution of ^°'""^'- 


Colonial Eecords 

Wm. Stephens Esqr. to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

with In- 

Hopes for an 
ing between 
Mr. Jones 
and himself. 

the Colony, in all such as nothing- less would 
please : but there are few left now, hardy enough 
to dwell upon that any longer; & I think under 
those marks of Indulgence so evidently shewn, 
we shall at last grow wiser, and quickly betake 
our selves to such Industry and labour, as most 
undoubtedly ought to be the Yic^ of all such as 
come to live here. 

By the same Packet I also rec^ Goppy of the 
Commission sent in your former, together with 
Coppy of the Instructions sent with it: also 
Coppy of your letter of the 2^ of Apr: whereto 
you have now added (under date of 27 Apr.) 
Coppy of an account betwixt Mess'^ Montaigiit 
& Causton; wherein sundry particulars are re- 
fer 'd to, w^^. ought to be well examined: and 
as we are now entering on that work, it may be 
expected due regard will be had to it. From 
hence I flatter my self, a good understanding 
may be again renewd, betwixt M^ Jones & me ; 
and y'. laying aside all Evil Surmises, he will 
no longer estrange himself, in the manner he 
lately did ; but that this conjunction in matters 
of such enquiry as is appointed us, will produce 
a coalition in Sentiments, & an open Freedome 
in conversation; which vv'ill best lead us into 
a right discernment of w'. Justice is due to the 
Trust: for my part, I shall make all proper ad- 
vancements tow'^\ it, & will not allow my self 
to think too hardly of Ilim, who possibly of late 
may be better advised: but really (betwixt you 
and I) he is the roughest Blade I ever had to 
do witli in my whole life. 


Wm. Stephens Esqr. to Mr. Harnian Verelst. 

I would choose to defer writing any thing- 
concerning the 500 Acre Grant, whether it he of 
that which Watson had, or of that other at the 
mouth of Vernon Eiver, till the General re- 
turns, with whom I ought to confer : hut I am 
sensihle of the kind Intention of the honourable 
Trust therein; w'^. I desire thankfully to ac- 

My Son being the Bearer of this, I think I 
may therefore shorten my letter, without ramb- 

His son, the 

son's health. 

ling into affairs not immediately necessarv to bearer oV 

^ ^ . this letter. 

be spoke to: w' ever you'll please to ask him, 
that he is capable of informing you in, I know 
he'll not make better or worse of than he thinks : 
wherein he may possibly be too blunt & un- 
guarded; but it proceeds from an open heart 
without disguise. I should be sorry to part 
with him, did I not hope a few months \\'ill bring 
us together again ; and y' he '11 then return easy 
in his thoughts relating to his future contiuu- abo^lt^h 
ance here; as well as restored to bodily ease and 
Strength, w^"" has been somewhat impaired a 
while since. 'Tis indeed the Season of the Year 
wherein he can best be spared from attending 
the works of the Field; »S: tho' it puts me to 
some inconvenience to want him in another 
capacity; I hope I shall make shift to get that 
supplyd, as carefully Sz warily as possible; so 
y* there be no defect in that part of the Service. 
I remain 

Your very humble Servant 
Will: Stephens. 

192 Colon LAi, Eecords 

Mr. Thos. Junes to ^Ir. Harman Verelst. 

goods sent 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Mr. ThoS. Jones to the Acco.taxt ]\j;jj^ Haeman 
Verelst Eec^ 5 Octob^. 1739 

Savannali Aug*. 3, 1739. 

Cap* Fennell arriving here in Lis way from 
the Havanna for England, & intending to Sail 
hence this Evening, have only time to acq* you, 
That on y^ 22^ July a Pettiager from Charles 
Town bro 't here the Goods sent ^ Cap*. Harra- 
mond (as p Invoyce & Bill of Ladeing dated 
frcapt'"' in London 31 March. 1739.) They were ordered 
by Col". Stephens to be taken mto the Store, 
(enclosed have sent the Depositions of y^ people 
that viewed them). I was then at Frederica — 
The Occasion of my going thither I have more 
fully set forth by a Letter which shall send you 
■^ first oportunity by the way of Charles Town, 
but understanding that M^ Tho Stephens de- 
signs to go by this Ship for England, having 
had many Instances, of late, to convince me 
That Col". Stephens and his Son have little re- 
gard to Truth in what they Say or write, Since 
M^ Causton has had their Confidence. I shall 
give this brief Aeco*. of the Else of this close 
Intimacy that has Subsisted for three Months 
past between them, M". Causton M^ Parker, 
Mercer, Minas & some others of less note 

M--. Tho: Stephens was Col". Cochran's Fac- 
tor or Agent to dispose of his Wines Sec. at 


Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Yerelst. 

Savannah, xVnd is his Attorney to act for him 

Mr. Tho. 

in his Absence The Wines were kept in Stephens. 

Col. Coch- 

the Cellar under the Trustees house where ]\r. r^-n's factcr 

or ayent. 

Bradley has lived Since October last, The Cellar 
was fitted np by M"". Causton's Order for that 
purpose in June, and those Wines which 'M\ 
Causton had bought of y* Col", for the Trustees 
use remained there under M"". Stephens's care, 
he having the Keys of j" Cellar — 

M^ Stephens had often shewn great Uneasi- 
ness, when I have (at his Fathers house) talked 
about y^ Inconvencies that would attend the Em- Itephens 
ploying of Xegroe Servants in this Colony, lenient 
(which he was very desirous of) and was much 
offended at my officiousness, (as he call'd it, in 
other Company) in enquiring into y^ Affair of 
killing the Trustees Cattle, and with a great 
deal of Warmth, asked me why I did not Swear 
away their Lives, or words to that effect. And 
ever after when I went to his Father's he 
would imediately go out of the house, with a 
Seeming Eesentment; The Colon", (when I 
took Notice of it) used to Say. He could not 
help his obstinate Temper, which was great 
Grief to him. 

In April last after Col". Cochran went for 
England and that M^ Stephens had sold all his 

. Keys to the 

Wines; I desired him (his Father present) to Jlnf^ceiiar 
give me theKeys of the Cellar that I might take pW^'^ *''^- 
care of the Trustees Wine ; which he refused to 
do Saying, he would give the Keys to M^ Brad- 
ley — I told him that if he had any doubt, who 
the Keys belonged to I would send for ^r". Brad- 

194 Colonial Kecords 

Mr. Thos. Jcnes to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

Afraid Mr. 

ley & that he might deliver them to me in his 

presence: His Father advised him to do so, 

but he would not comply, only saying That I 

might take the Wines out of the Cellar If I 

pleased, but should not have the Keys— (M''. 

Camuse wanted to have part of the Cellar to 

preserve the Silk worms in, which has been 

Since fitted up for that purpose)— I several 

times after desired Col". Stephens to persuade 

fiSrms. his Son to a Complyance w'\ my request but he 

S'kVhIs told me, That he could not prevail with him. 

'''''''■ The Colon", agreed with me in Opinion, That if 

the Keys were delivered to Bradley, he would 

soon dispose of the Wines, as his own— 

I found it necessary to write to his Excellency 
about the Affair Col". Stephens was not then 
KiStaffl'" at home; I entertaind that Opinion of the Col"'^ 
Stephens. Integrity & his good Intentions for the Trus- 
tees Interests, That I had transacted nothing, 
nor had writ to the Gen", about any affair, or 
Sent any Letter to the Hon^'^ the Trustees, or 
your Self, but had first comunicated the Same 
to him, least I should be mistaken in any Acco^ 
I gave of matters. 

I rece". the General's Letter, A copy whereof 
I have (w'-' his Excellency's Leave) sent here- 
with, on y* 15'\ ^lay And also a Letter direct- 
ed to Col". Stephens, & another to :>P. Parker, 
who were then out of Town, On y^ 19'\ they 
returned, at which time I gave them their Let- 
ters. When I delivered Col". Stephens his Let- 
ter, I desird he would not read his Letter untill 
I had read unto him a Copy of what I had writ 

Correspondence 195 

Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

to the General, wliicli should have Shown him 

before I had Sent it, had he been then in Town ?oTy of'^iet- 

I read the Copy of my Letter. He Said he was Genera'i 


sorry that I had been obliged to tell the General, 
but I know his Son's Stubborn temper On Mon- 
day y* 21'\ Col". Stephens desired me to attend 
the Magistrates at Penrose's — When I came M^ 
Parker told me that he had receivd a Letter from 
the General whereby he understood that I had 
eomplaned of some persons refusing to give me 
possession of the Trustees Wines in their Cel- 
lar, & asked who those persons were, I answer- 
ed M". Thomas Stephens has the Keys and the 
Wines are in his Custody, but he hath hitherto 
refused to deliver me the Keys; M^ Parker 
asked me By what Authority do you demand 
them — You told the General that you were re- 
fused by persons And now you only mention 
One, M^ Tho Stephens, whereby it plainly ap- 
pears, You told a Falsehood I replyd, That what . . . 

^ '' ' Accused of a 

I writ to the General was the Same that I now gl-^^parte?.^' 

declared, and would appeal to Col" Stephens 

who had Seen a Copy of what I had w^rit— The 

Col", said (to my great Surprize) that I had 

never shewn him any such thing, nor did he 

know what I had writ, Whereupon his Son 

held his fist doubled at my face, and Said that 

he chargd me with writing a parcell of fc^s 

and Falsehoods to the General— 

I was treated by M^ Parker & M^ Christie 
like a Criminal and with reproachfull Language 
— but at length they advised M^ Stephens to 
deliver me the Kevs 

Lyes and 
falshoods to 
the General. 



Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

ment for al- 
lowances of 
not ob- 


wanted too 

Claims made 
by Messrs. 
I'arker and 

I could not obtain from M^ Canston any 
Establishm* for allowances of Provisions &c 
made by the Trustees to Magistrates & others, 
therefore had desired Col" Stephens, M"". Par- 
ker & MT. Christy to inform me what their 
Annual Allowances, were, which they did, but 
produced no Letters or Order for the Same 
from their Hon^. (The Trustees) 

CoP. Stephens gave me in Writing An Acco^ 
of y^ Species of Provisions w^*'. he was to receive 
Yearly for himself & two others. And also for 
ten Servants, which in the whole amounted to 
the Value of fifty Six pounds. And Said, the 
Trustees vvere to pay him yearly fifty pounds 
in Mony— In all 10G£ %9 annum. And that his 
Year comenced from Novem^ the first last past 
— He hath but five Servants, but expects the 
Allowance of provisions made by the Trustees 
for ten — He had often complained to me (which 
Complaint, I was told, he made to others at y^ 
publick Houses) of his hard Usage, & that y^ 
Trustees kept him bare of Mony. I therefore 
advanced him about four pounds of my own 
Mony before I had any Cash from the General 
on Acco' of y^ Trustees and paid him before 
his first half year was expired Twenty five 
pounds in IMouy, And he had in Issues out of 
the Store for himself & Son, about Sixty five 
pounds In all 9'J£. before I had writ to the Gen- 
eral, for his Instructions — 

M"". Parker, Said That y'^ Trustees had prom- 
ised to allow him Provisions & Clothing for 
Seven heads (German Servants,) And that he 


Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

had two Servants, that are Orphans, In all Nine 
at five pounds ^) annum each, which with ten 
pounds p y^ for himself as Magistrate made 
£55 p annum. 

M^ Christie Said That the Trustees had sent 
him two Servants whose Indentures he has 
Sold) which they promised to allow Provisions 
& Cloathing to, And ten pounds for himself as 

I sent his Excellency (the General) an Acco*. 
of their Demands and what they had receiv'd in fh'e'se^dl-^' 
Issues out of the Store Since Octob^ y^ 20'\ S^cfe'nerar 

Ti-»r-r-»i T-i.-. J, Oglethorpe. 

last — M". Parker had then rec^ about £45. AI". 
Christie £25 What either of them Stood indebt- 
ed by any former acco'. to the Trustees. I could 
not come at any Certain knowledge of. You'll 
observe the directions given me in the 2'^ & 8'^ 
Paragraph of the General's Letter, w'''. last 
I comunicated to Col" Stephens M^ Parker & 
M^ Christie, and has been the Occasion of many 
extraordinary Undertakings & Contrivances, 
most of which have issued to their reproach & 
Shame hitherto. 

I hope The General, when he returns from 
the Indian nation will acquaint the hon'''^ Trus- 
tees w^^. the Conduct of those Gentlemen whom 
I have before mentioned as well as Some others incapable of 

taking care 

—I am in daily Expectation, that their bono" tees'^efflcTs^' 
will send over Some person to take Care of their 

198 Colonial, Recoeds 

Mr. Thos. Christie to the Trustees. 

Effects here, w^*. I am incapable of doing-— The 
Boat is going oft' & cannot add, but that I am 

S^ yo^ humble Serv'. 

Thos Jones. 

To M^ Herman Verelst. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 
M^. Thos. Christie to the Trustees for Estab- 


Office in Old Palace Yard. 3 August 1739, 
Rec^ 5 October 1739. Westminster. 

Savannah in Georgia 

• Aug^^ the 3^ 1739. 

My Lords & Gentlemen. 

My Long Silence together w"\ this hapj^y 
Opportunity of AYriting by the Ship S* : Francis 
calls upon me to say Something Altho' I assure 
yo^ Hon'': my life has been a whole Scene of 
Action since I came into this Collony Insomuch 
that I have not time to procure my Self the 
necessaries of life much more write — Indeed 
the Generall Promises to send me to you w"". 
Gen. Ogle- somc dispatchcs of Consequence on his Re- 

thorpe on a -r t at j • i Tin 

visit to the turne from v^: Indian Nation — when I shall 

Indian " 

Nation. have the hon'": to bring w"': me a Copy of the 

Court Proceedings of Savannah — to that time; 
tos'ether w*'': the reason for not being able to 


Mr. Thos. Christie to the Trustees. 

send 'em sooner Gent"" : M' : William Stephens 
has promis*^: to send you by his Son who goes 
by this Ship a particular Acco* : of a Barbarous 
Murder Committ^ : here in a small Sloop hdng ^^.^^^ ^f a 
before this Town upon the body of One Hugh nfurde7^com. 
Watson formerly a good Servant to One M"". 
Thomas Bayly of this Place. Notwithstand 
Gent"". You'l Excuse me if I give you some little 
relation of it. — 

The Body of this Man was discovered float- 
ing almost by the Vessels side y^: d^^: day of 
July Ins': when Imediately it was taken up by 
the Coron'■^: Ord'': & a Jury of Inquest sate 
thereon— Altho it was remarkt y'^: some person 
on Shoar told The Mast^: & Sailors of the s**. 
Vessel of the s*^: Body^ so float &: by them to 
take him or Stop it but they Answ'': they 
wo'', breakfast first. — 

The deceas*^: was report"^, to have fell over 
board Endeav: to go on Shear & slipt between report°o!- 

how the de- 

the Vessel & the boat that lav aloncr side v^ Ves- ceased came 

'^ " .to his death. 

sel & was unfortunately drown 'd — And this 
was y^ Constant plea of the Master of the s'^: 
Sloop called y^ Unity Cap'. Hen-'. Brixe & Hen''. 
Cozens & John Levit Mariners. 

The Mate John Midlehurst who appeared by 
all y^ rest of y^ Evidence' & their own Con- 
fession to be a Sleep y® time y^ Murder was 
Committed — was Evidence for y* King & most 
Ingeniously discover^, (as App''. to Us) all he 
knew) both before & after he was said to be 
asleep. — 


Mr. Thos. Christie to the Trustees. 

The Murder was Committ''. a Tuesday night 
qu^t^L^.me- ^^^' " ^^^^'^^ ^i' twelve at night being the 3^. of 
moned. '""'' '^"^^- ^ y^' ^^^Y ^^s found float^ the 5th: Inst', 
abo'. Two in the afternoon when a Jury of 
Inquest was Imediately Summons"': All y^: 
Surgeons in Town sent for & the Body duly In- 
spected y^: TVounds probed & y^: Witness 
u'elt'omur- ^^^^' = ^^'^J Imediately Searcht y^• Vessel & 
wats^n.^^ ^'o^^^t^ ^ Beef fork w^". w^". the Body Appeared 
to have been wounded— The Wounds were in 
all Nine Four in his Side at equal distances One 
in y" Bend of y" ami but missed y^ Chief 
Artery Severall Bruises on his head & his back 
fresh Whipt— w'\ Nine Lashes done by a Eope 
or Cane in a severe manner — Two in the right 
hand two in y Arm & One in y^ palm of the 

The Corou"-^: Inquest found a Bill for Mur- 

But One Lewis Jones who appeared to be a 
Principal Concern^ in the said Murder & 
together w'\ y^ CapS had veiy high Words 
w*\- y« deceased had made his Escape tow^ 
^^IrToul"^ Carolina & altho a AVarr\ was Immediately Iss^ 
jone^"^' O^^t ag-^^ him w-\- £50 Carolina mony reward 
he is not yet taken 

The Generall was at the Southw^ when this 
hapn". but was here when they were tryed & 
give us his Advice as to y^ Execution. In Short 
.Brixe the Master of y« s^ Sloop Lewis Jones 
Henry Cozens & John Levit were Indicted by 
y Grand Jury for this To^\^l & Conntv & the 

Correspondence " 201 

Mr. Thos. Christie to the Trustees. 

Bills bro\ & found ng'K tliem for Wilfully & w^*^ : 
Malice aforetliouglit Murdering the s^. Hugh 
AYatson they were at y^ : s"* : Court legally tryed 
& Convicted of y^. Same, in a very Awfull & 
decent manner — The 19^ : they receiV^. Sentence 
Except Jones who was fled & this day Brixe & coienl^'^'^ 
Cozens who app". Guilty & most xissist-. in y". ^^"-^'^• 
Murder was hang'^ : upon y^ Strand Overagainst 
the place the Murder was Committed — Levit 
who was almost dying & was Sick when the 
affair was acted & Indeed was least Criminal 
by the advice of y^ Generall was Reprieved for 
two Months — so that in that time We Expect 
to Apprehend Jones who it is believed will make 
a full discover}^ of the particular Circumstance 
of y^ s^. Murder : I am so broke in upon by Pub- 
lick Business that I must beg leave to Conclude 
& Eemain w*^: all Imaginable regard — My 
Lords & Genf^: 

Yo^ most faithfull 

humb'^ Serv": 

Tho\- Christie. 


Colonial Records 

Robt. Tracy, Esqr. to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from Rob'^. Tracy Esq^. to Mr. Haemak 

Verelst at the Georgia Office 


RorT. Tracy. 



Stanwav Aug^ r. 25'\ 1739. 





M". Verelst, 

Yours of y^ 21''. I receiv'd witli the Resolu- 
tions enclos'd, I have look'd them over and 
highly approve of them; I think it behoves ns 
to give all the reasonable satisfaction we can 
to the People already gone over, and all possi- 
ble Encouragement consistent Avith Prudence 
and Justice, to those who will yet go over to 
Georgia; and I do really think these Resolu- 
tions do fully answer all these Purposes; I 
dont at all despair but by the Blessing of Prov- 
idence, this Colony may turn out well for the 
present Inhabitants, and for its Mother Coun- 
try, notwithstanding the malicious Reflections 
that have been cast botli upon the Colony and 
the Trustees, — and it being almost become a 
Mode to turn it into Ridicule, but this gives me 
no Uneasiness, for Men who can be so sensless 
as to make a Joke of what is intended for the 


Henry Archer, F^sqr. to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

Publick good, move more the Compassion than 
the Indignation of S^ 

Your very humble 


I beg my Compliments to all Rob*. Tracy. 
The Trustees who are in Town. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from Henry Archer Esq^. to Mr. 
Harmax Verelst at the Georgia Office xeah 
THE NEW Palace Yard "VVestm^. 

Frank H. 

Archer. London 

Warwick Aug*. 25*\ 1739. 

I rec'd the favour of both your letters, witb 
the Drafts enclosed, which I have perns 'd as 
well as the shortness of the time, & the hurry 
of our assizes wou'd permitt, & I have made 
several alterations, w^^ are submitted to the con- 

. a restriction 

sideration of the Trustees; in my opinion it is J^PfrHe'cf' 
very right, to leave out that restriction upon daughters. 
the unmarried daughters, but I am a little 
doubtful! how farr it may be proper to insist 
upon security, from the 2^ husband of the 
Tenant's Widow, least it shou'd be a restraint 
upon marriages, however I have not alter 'd it; 
The second Instrument seems to me, to be more 


Colonial Records 

John Laroche Esqr. to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

proper to be made by the Common Council, as 
the Resolutions are, than by the Trustees, w^". 
I have alter 'd accordingly, but shall readily ac- 
quiesce in any amendm^'': they think fitt to 
make; I desire my Compliments to all the 
Board, & am, 

Your obed*. humble 

Serv*. H. Archer 

pray send me a Copy of these pro- 
ceedings, when they are settled. 

The shoes shall be sent the 
1^. week in Sep"". 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from Johx Laroche Esq^. to Mr. 

Hjlrman" Verelst, at ye office of Georgla. 

Free Westminster. Aug. 27 1739. 

r Red 





made Dy 
council in 
regard to 


I have yours of the 21''. Ins*^, but could Not 
Answer it by y^ return of that post, being then 
Engaged at the Assizes; I have no Objection 
to the provision the Common Coimcill think 
proper to make in order to satisfye their pres- 

ConRi:sroxDENCE 205 

Sr. Wm. Heathcote to Mr. Harnian Verelst. 

ent Tenants of Lands in Georgia upon failure 
of Issue Male; I desire to be remembered to 
the Gentlemen, whom I hope to see very soon, 
As I design to set out the latter End of this 
week for BristoU, in my way to London. 
I am 

S". Y^ most humble Ser'. 

J. Laroche. 

Lanhydrock AxigK 27'^ 1739. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from S^\ W^^. Heathcote to Me. Hae- 
MAN Verelst at the Georgia Office near the 
House of Lords. 

Free W"^^. Westminster. 


Hursley Lodge 26^ Aug\ 1739. 

I am favour'^ ^dth your letter of the 2V\ Inst*^ : 
with a paper relating to the grants & Tenure r^^^^^^ ^^ 
of Lands within the Colony of Georgia, which S/gii'!^ 
I hope will make the people easy there for the 
future relating to their Tenure. 

I am S^ 

Y"". humble Sei*v*. 

W°: Heathcote. 


CoL02<riAL. Records 

Wm. Sloper Esqr. to Mr. Verelst. 

(From B. P. R. 0, B. of T., Georgia, .-Vol. 21.) 

Letter from W^. Sloper Esq^. to Mr. Verelst 
AT YE Georgia Office near Old Palace Yard. 

"Westminster. 21 August 1739 

Free. W, 




relating to 
the grants 
and tenure 
of lands in 


I have been from home for some time, & at 
my return, found yours w*\ the Enclosed Res- 
olution of the Trustees relating to the Grants 
& Tenure of Lands in Georgia to vT^. I have 
noe Objection, altho I must own my self not 
well enough instructed in the Nature of Grants 
& Tenure to be a competent Judge of its valid- 
ity, w^^ the Grantees will noe doubt, have 
Exam^ by Councill for their own Security. 

I am S'. 

Y'. humble Serv'. 

W. Sloper. 
Woodhay 31^' Aug*. 1739. 


John Fa.llowf.eId to the Trustees. 

(P^om K. P. K. O., E. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Lettek from John Fai^lowfield to The 
jjqj^tBle^ The Trustees for Establishing 
The Colony of Georgia in America. 

Eec^ 2 Xov. 1739. London 

May it please your PIoii'"'. 

As a piiblick officer and Collector for this 
port of Savannah, I think it a Duty incumbent 

„ T _, -_ Frequent 

on mee, to acquaint vou of the Frequent Im- importation 

' -^ " ^ of Spanish 

portation of Spanish Sugars, & other Foreign |or^e13i^°*^ 
goods, and as this place is Esteemed, by most ^°°'^^- 
people in America to be Free from Duty, Een- 
ders his Majesty'. Eevenue to be little worth, 
and Consequently Occasions Large Quantityes 
brought In, not having instructions from your 
hon". Ive taken Bond for 82 Co""', [sic] Import- 
ed in the Sloop Unity the property of Caleb 
Davis & Jemitt Cobley, I should therefore Beg 
your Ilon'^. would be so kind as to Transmitt 
mee your Orders on this affair y\ I may for the 
future know to Govern my Self & whether I 
may w*". Safety put such Bonds in Execution 
or no — I hope you'l pardon the Freedom Ive 
Taken herein and am your hon". Most Obedient 
Humble Serv'. 

John Fallowfield. 


Colonial Records 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Accotant. 

with the 
arranged by 
Gen. Ogle- 

Gen. Ogle- 
thorpe met 
by the In- 
dians ■with 
of joy. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Gex^. Oglethorpe to the Acco"^-^-^"^. Eec^ 30 
Nov. 1739. 

Fort Augusta in Georgia 5"". September 1739. 


I am just arrived at this Place from the As- 
sembled Estates of the Creek Nation. They 
have very fully Declared their rights to and 
Possession of all the Land as far as the Eiver 
Saint Johns, and their Concessions of the Sea 
Coast, Islands and other Lands to the Trustees, 
of which they have made a regular Act. If I 
had not gone up the misunderstandings between 
them and the Carolina Traders fomented by our 
two Neighbouring Nations would probably have 
occasioned their beginning a AYar, which I be- 
lieve might have been tlie result of this general 
meeting; but as their Complaints were reason- 
able I gave them satisfaction in all of them, 
and every thing is entirely settled in peace. It 
is impossible to Discribe the Joy they expressed 
at my Arrival they met me forty Miles in the 
^Voods, and lay'd Provisions on the roads in 
the the AVoods. The 'Express being just going 
to Charles Town, I can say no more but that I 
have had a burning fever of which I am per- 
fectly well )-ecovered. I hope the Trustees will 
Accept of this as a Letter to them 
I am S^ 

Your very humble Serv\ 
James Oglethorpe. 
To 'M\ Harman Verelst. 

Correspondence 209 

"W'm. Stephens Esqr. to Mr. Harinan Verelst. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

AY^^. Stephens Esq^\ to the Accomptant Mr. 
Harjian Verelst, to the honorable, the 
Trustees tor establishing the Colony of 
Georgia at their office near the House of 
Lords. Eec^. 30 Nov. 1739. Westminster. 



Savannah 10, Sept^ 1739. 

S'. ' 

In my last of the 26 July I acknowledged the 
rec*. of yours of the 27 Apr, & lO'''. of May with 
sundry other letters, & papers, as therein men- 
tion 'd: which I sent by my Son, together with 
one inscribed to the honourable Trustees, (S: 
Coppy of my Journal, &c as usual : and from the 
■distance of time, I might hope he is near the end 
of his Voyage now, unless he should be fallen 
into the Spaniards hands, & intercepted in his 
Way: against whom, when we least expected it, 
we are newly informed open War is declared: 
w^\ Information is brought us by a Sloop declared by 
arrived here from Ehode Island on Saturday 
the S'*". instant, with some provisions for Sale, 
if we can find mony to purchase y"\ The MasteV 
of w''\ Sloop reported, & made Affidavit to the 
truth of it, y' the Tartar Pink was sent Express 
from the Government, to acquaint the N'oi'thern 

the Span- 


Colonial IiEcohds 

Wm. Stephens Escir. to Mr. Harmtm Verelst. 

Pink" sent 
from the 
to Inform 
the Northern 
Province of 
the declara- 
tion of war 
with the 

equipted to 
sail as pri- 

Capt. Thorn, 
son's arrival 

Provinces with it; that ui)oii her arrival at 
Boston, a Messenger was sent over land to Con- 
necticut, Ehode Island, & Xew York, w"". Pack- 
ets for the several Governours of those places, 
ad\ising them thereof; that upon the Govemonr 
of Ehode Island's oi>ening- his Packet he went, 
together w*^ his Councill, into the Balcony of a 
Publick House, from whence his Secretary read 
the Contents to the jieople, who wore assembled 
by Beat of Drum; signifying y\ he was em- 
powered to grant Commissions to all people fitly 
qualifyd to set out Privateers ; & to take, burn, 
or destroy all the Spanish Ships they could; 
that thereupon, within the few days he staid, 
there were 3 Sloops equipt, and ready to sail 
as Privateers, w^^. 80 good men on board each, 
& 3 or 4 more would soon be ready to follow; 
that the Tartar Pink (he understood) was to 
sail immediately from Boston, w"\ the like In- 
telligence from the Government, to these Pro- 
vinces of Carolina and Georgia, & he expected 
to have found her here. These matters of such 
importance, we dispatchd immediately several 
Expresses of, to the General, if he might be 
found; to the Major, at present Coinmanding 
Officer in the South; to the Commander of the 
Company at Port Royal ; and to the Lieut Gov- 
ernour of Carolina, (doubting whether or not he 
might yet have advice of it) to whom I severally 
wrote, & enclosed Coppys of the fore said Affi- 
davit. To w"^. time my enclosed Journal is car- 
ried on, containing various matters of a differ- 
ent nature; & was extended to a little longer 
time tlian usual in expectation of Cap^ Thorn- 

Correspondence 211 

Wm. Stephens Esqr. to Mr. Harman Verelst. 


sons arrival here, whom we looked for from w'. 
you wrote me in your last of the 10'\ of May: 
but these advices now informing us, y*. the War 
broke out soon after, we imagine to be the cause 
of his not ]mtting- to Sea so soon. After what 
manner our Correspondence hereafter must l)e 
carried on, we are to learn; a new Scene com- 
mencing (as I reckon) from the Close of my 
present Journal. And as this Province is now incl /'°'" 
in an especial manner become a Frontier a^^a^inlt" the 
against the Enemy (for w'^^ our :Nreighbours of 
Carolina ought to shew a kinder regard to us) 
I doubt not but the hon'^'^ Trustees will have 
that Interest with the Government, as to secure 
the Presei-^^ation of this Colony; w°^ I dare 
affii-m, from w\ I can observe, the present, In- 
habitants will do all y' is in their power to con- 
tribute to. Could it have been foreseen what a 
suddain Change has happend, in regard to 
Peace or War ; I am confident my Son would not 
have turned his back, & left us at such a Junc- 
ture; & if I knew him right, I believe twill be far 
from being a cause of his not returning the 
sooner. He'll now have the satisfaction to be 
informed by you in what manner his future snb- 
sistance is so kindly taken care of by the Trust; Mr.'stepheL 

irrCh -^^ n 1 r, , . from his 

w . you gave me the pleasure of writing me was son. 
intended; c^- I am perfectly easy about; tho' by 
reason of no letters coming since I could not 
attain to the knowledge of it yet. 

One thing I must observe ^vith pleasure ; that a better 
this Examination has produced (I hope) a bet- l^n^g^ wuh^^ir. 
ter Understanding betwdxt M'. Jones & me, than 

No letters 

212 Colonial Records 

■Wra. Stephens Esqr. to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

at one time past I could promise my self; from 
whence generally has followed an Unity in opin- 
ion; always to he wislid for; & at this Juncture 
more especially so necessary, y'. I should stand 
self condemned, in suffering any private Picque 
or resentment of mine to interfere in our carry- 
ing on the work required; neither will I doubt 
but his thoughts are the same : & allowing a 
little complacency to take place sometimes of — 
y^ reverse; such a coincidence must ensue, as 
will bring to effect, what a Dissention com- 
monly forbids. 'Twould be great Vanity in me 
to assume an equal knowledge with M'. Jones in 
Mr. Jones' theso matters of Account; which by a long 

ability as an . , , i ■, • c t > t 

accountant. Practice doubtless he is periect m; and very 
dextrous in tracing such dark Aff'airs from their 
first Source : what little help I can give, is not, 
nor shall be wanting. 

I c-annot yet free my thoughts of some Doubts, 
whether or not we have done right, in not strict- 
ly observing those Orders Mr. Parker & I rec'^, 
touching the Eeceipts and Issues of Stores; 
which I presumed to offer some reasons for our 
not iutermedling with, in my fonucr, & w'^ pro- 
ceeded from no unwillingness ; but purely from 
a Fear y*. it might produce some ill Eft'ects, and 
be displeasing where I would by no means give 
oft'ence: ]\r. Jones's present Situation not 
seeming easily to admit of any Controll from 
Us. I shall wait therefore in hopes of a safe 
Guidance thro' these Streights ; for I must wish 
always to be right, 

I flatterd my self y'. by this time I should 


Wm. Stephens Esqr. to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

have perfected divers Lists I am preparing, 

■which may shew the present State of the Colony 

: but indeed my hands have been so full of late ; 

& now we are so daily exercised in Dispatches Rumors of 

of another sort, upon this Alarm of "War, that I 

hope I shall be forgiven for delaying it, till I get 

a few days more leisure. In the mean while I 

cant be easy in deserving any longer to send 

what I do, to my Correspondent at Ch Town; 

where it must take its chance how long twill lay, 

before a safe Opportunity offers of proceeding 

for England. 

I am 

Your very humble Servant 
Will : Stephens. 

P. S. 

A Trading Boat from New Windsor bound Aniyai of a 
for Charles Town is arrivd here, and reports fJ^m^New^^ 


that the General in his Tr a veils finding himself bringing 

news of Gen. 

not well, was returning this way; being come oeiethorpe. 
within 40 Miles of Augusta ; where it might be 
expected he would be soon: but how far the 
Patroon of this Boat may be credited I cant clS^^og^i 
say: Surely every good man wishes to see him rtvl/'thljught 
well here : & most people think this rej^ort is 
without sufficient Grounds. 

You may possibly remember, y*. when I left 
England there was one Wolly a young man 
whose Friends you knew, came a Passenger w**". 
me as far as Charles Town; where (I wrote) he 


Colonial Records 

Letter About Treaty at Coweta Town. 

Small cash 
belonging to 
Mr. Wolly 

was soon seduced, & would proceed no farther 
this way. It seems some Friends of his sent a 
small Cask after him, directed hither, where it 
has lain in the Stores I know not how long, no 
person enquiring after it: Wherefore twas 
thought proper to open it lately, when Mess^. 
Parker, Jones, and I, were together; and the 
enclosed paper shews the Contents. If you'll 
give your self the trouble to let his Friends know 
w* we found; twill be deliverd to your Order. 

A request 
for station- 

Bad paper & a heay}^ hand seldome do well 
together: the Stationer certainly can't call it 
good ; as I took the liberty to acquaint you more 
y° a year since tis now near an end; & we Imow 
not how to come at any good, unless you'll 
please to furnish the Trusts Secretary with a 
Eheme of good Fools cap in Folio, & J)\ of Post 
in D". 

Gen. Ogle- 
thorpe's re- 
turn from 
the Cowetas. 

A general 
meeting held 
Gen. Ogle- 
thorpe and 
the Indians. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.T 

Letter feoim an Unknown Wetter in Regard 
TO Oglethorpe Treaty With the Creeks at 
Cowp:ta Town. 

Charles Town 11'". September 1739. 

We have just now received Advice that His 
Excellency General Oglethorpe arrived at Fort 
Augusta in Georgia on the o^^. of this Instant, on 
his return from the Cowetas which is the Chief 
Town of the Creek Indians about Four hun- 
dred Miles within Land from this Place. At the 
Cowetas on 11*^. Day of August 1739 was held a 
e:eneral meeting of the Estatees of the Creek 

Correspondence 215 

An Anonymous Letter to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

Xation, & the Mice's, or Kings Chief Men, and 
Deputys from all the Towns of that Nation were 
assembled there this meeting of the Creek In- 
dians continued till the 21^'. Day of August 173:9 Measures 
and gave strong assurances of Fidelity to his the^i°ndfans^' 
Majesty and proposed several regulations for tami^l'the 

... ii T~» n 1 ^ peace of the 

mamtaining the reace of the Couutrey to which countr>-. 
the Gen', agreed. He and the Gentlemen that 
accompanied him; endured much hardship in 
ftheir -March, heing oblig'd to pass throughi' 
great AYoods where for Two hundred and forty 
Miles there was neither House nor Inhabitants Spe^S" 
of any kind and were forced to Swim their the^'^indVfns 
Horse over several large Rivers'. The Indians ^st re?fe"ct 

-y -j-^. T-, ,, and friend- 

reeeived His Excellency with the greatest re- ^^'p- 
spect and friendship, and entertained him and 
his Men -with plenty of Fowls, Beef Pork Veni- 
son Melons and other Fruit. The Gen^ was ill 
with a burning fever in the Indian Town but is 
perfectly recovered. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

i\fii. Harman Verelst at the Georgia Office 
"Westminster. ^Capt. Sigourney. 


The Packets which Cap' Townsend brought I 
reced the 15'\ at Night and next morning Sent 
them by a Safe hand to M". Stephens as direc- Sfo%e°?re'- 

i. 1 rpi /"I 1 1 paring to 

ted. ilie General was then at Augusta about ^ave a taik 

1 Arv -^ M with the 

100 Miles irom Savannah waiting some head fhe'^c™ ""^ 
Men of the Cherokees to have a Talk with him, °''^''- 
as by his Letter to Colonel Bull he informs him, 

216 . Colonial Eecoeds 

George Dunbar to 'Mr. Harman Verelst. 

Gen, Ogle- 

as also that lie had been ill of a Fever amongst 
the Creeks, but then recover 'd, As M'". Bull Tvas 
then Sending an Express to the General to make 
^fe'^ver whiil known liis Majostys Commands to him, I beg'd 
Safs. ^^ of him to let the General know that Colonel 
Stephens had reced a Packet directed for him, 
that he might loose no time in getting it. I am 
in haste 


Your Most humble Sert 
Sep*^ 18'\ 1739. 

(From B. P. Pt. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 
From George Dunbar to Mr. Herman Yeeelst 



Charlestown 4^ October 1739. 


I hade the pleasure to accompanie the Gen- 
erall to the Indian Countrie where he was re- 
ceiv'd with all the merks of friendship & respect 
in their power, too tedious to mention and I hope 
dead^^' '^'^'^ liis jurnie will have a good eifect upon them at 
this junctour. There hes and still is a great 
mortality in this place, M"". Amion Clerk 
to the Assembiiie and M^ Lius Judge of the 
admirality are dead, the Clerk is by Siglm'd 
manuel as I suppose the othir is also, it wdll be 

Mr. Amion 

Correspondence 217 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

always the betir for Georgia how manie of thes 


places are fiU'd np by persons attatch'd to that ments to be 
Colonie and I believe the General, how soone he 
knows it, will recommend propir persons, but 
as this & manie lettirs relateing the the same af- 
fairs' will be at London before anie from him, 
I think it would be propir in you to aquaint the 
Trustees wt. it or take Such othir Steps as you 
Shall See most propir to prevent the places 
going b}" other intrest, I need not tell you that 
we expect warr to keep us out of the indolent 

^ -^ _ ^ Indolence 

way of liveing which I believe is in 'a great me- ^^^^^j!*^®*^ ^^ 
sure the cause of the present distemper. All at 
S*. Simons &:c: are well and the Generall per- 
fectly recover 'd of a fevour he hade in the 
Indian Countrie. My Compliaments to M'■^ 
Verelst and I am / Sir 

Your most humble Sei'A^ant 

George Dunbar. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Gen^. Oglethorpe to the Trustees Recd 13 
March 1739 

Savannah 5'\ October 1739. 

I am returned from the Indian Count rey and 
thank God in good health. I have received the An order 
Kings Commands to anoy the Spaniards and am kIhI: to^ 

i -n i -I ' -r annoy the 

going to Ijxecute them. I've been obliged to Spaniards. 


Colonial Records 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

Indians co- 
operate with 
Gen. Ogle- 
against the 

Affairs of 
the Colony 

Much sick- 
ness at 
Town, Geor- 
gia healthy. 

make large presents to the Indians, wlio are now 
thoroughly engaged to us. Tooanahowi is gone 
with 200 Men against the Spaniards the Chero- 
kees are raising 600 Men and the Creeks 400 
who are to act with me. The Affairs of the 
Colony are much mended but the Accounts are 
not gone through ]\P. Jones will let you know 
the Progress that is made in them. I am forced 
to make severall Expences upon this Rupture, 
which I hope will be laid before the Parliament 
not as the Trustees, but as a Govermentall Ex- 
pence. There has been a great Sickness in 
Charles Town, but Georgia is healthy. Pursuant 
to his Majesty's Orders the Inhabitants of Sav- 
annah have fitted out a Privateer. 

I am 

Your most Obedient 
humble Servant 

James Oglethorpe. 

P. S. 

As soon as possibly I can get time to write I'll 
send You the State of the Colony to lay before 

scout boats 
and Indian 
traders em- 
ployed to 
help pre- 
serve the 

P. P. s. 

I fear I have tired you with the length of the 
Inclosed and for more particulars of the Pro- 
vince I must refer you to Colonel Steven's 
Journels. I've been forced to put 30 Rangers 
upon footing, to employ several Scout Boats, to 

Correspondence 219 

Revd. Mr. Bolzius to the Trustees Accotant. 

promise pay to the Indian Traders for raising 
the Indians to preserve the Province in this cri- 
tical Juncture. 

The honble The Trustees. 

{From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from the Eev^. Mr. Bolzius to the 
Trustees Accotaxt. Eecd 18 March 1739. 

Ebenezer in Georgia OctoV. 5'''. 1739. 

Dear Sir, 

M'. Jones, Store - Keeper of the Hon"'" Trus- 
tees at Savannah did me the favour of forward- 
ing mv last Letter to you of the 4'*". of July, 
which I hope, is got into your Hand long before 
this, in which I acknowledged the Receiving of 
your kind Letters dated the 3^ of March & 2^ 
of April last, & returned to their Honours, the 
Trustees', our great & dear Benefactors most 
humble Thanks for the 40£ ster^ for the ]\rain- ^raintenance 

for the Saltz- 

taining of our Saltzburgish Widow & Orphans ^"dlw5 and 

as well as for the Leather which they have °^''^"'- 

bountifully suj^ply'd with the Shoemaker, Ulict, 

on which the Orphan - House should have a 

good share too. The said Shoemaker begun to 

be very useful to our Place, but being taken with 

a violent Feaver, died five Weeks after his Ar- 

' The mar- 

rival. A fortnight before his Death he married Je^Th^'^the 
one of the single Women, Margaretha Egger by ^^o®™^'^"- 
Name, who came with him from Augspurg. He 


Colonial Records 

Revd. Mr. Bolzius to the Trustees Accotant. 

Destitute of 
a shoemaker" 
Forced to 
hire one. 

"Wife when 
from fever 
will have op- 
portunity to 
marry again. 

has made several Pair of Shoes from this 
Leather for the people in my Congregation, he & 
his Widow being pay'd for them full in ready 
Money: As for the Orphan - House he has 
done only the Pair for half the Price. I had the 
Honour to communicate the Contents of your 
Letter, relating to the said Leather, to His Ex- 
cellency General Oglethorpe, asking humbly his 
Direction in using it : he gave me leave to make 
use of it for the present Necessity of the Or- 
phan - House, & to give to the Hon^'^ Trustees 
an Account of it. AYe are now again Destitute 
of a Shoemaker, & being in Want of Shoes at 
this time, I was forced to hire a Shoemaker who 
has agreed to make as many Shoes, as we shall 
want for the present, & the Rest of Leather shall 
be kept in good Condition under the Care of the 
Master of the Or^^hans, till it stands with your 
Conveniency to write me W^ord, what will be the 
further Order of the Hon*''^ Trustees about it. 
The Widow of the said Shoemaker is provided 
with Xecessaries, & if she should want any thing 
for her subsistance, we won't fail to assist her, 
but suppose, she will have shortly Opportun- 
ity to marry again, when she is recovered from 
her Feaver. 

It happened more than two years agon, that 
a Merchant from S^ Gallen in Swisserland bv 2 

Linnen from _ ^ -iri i-»€--«.-r .,^-r^ 

St. Gallen in Londou Merchants, M^ Norris & Drewett has 


sent under my Care a Sett of very good Linnen, 
which I delivered to M^ Causton, being at that 
time Store - Keeper at Savannah, who promised 
me to pay the said Linnen (whose prime Costs 


Revd. Mr. Bolzius to the Trustees Accotant. 

Linnen un- 

are £71- 17- 1.) either in Dear - skins, Kice or 
Sola - Bills, but the Payiment thereof having 
been delay 'd so long time to a great Disappoint- paid for. 
nient of the said very honest Merchant, I was 
forced to address myself to His Excellency 
General Oglethorpe, who ordered me to give an 
Account of this melancholy Affair to the Hon'"^ 
Trustees & beseech them humbly to shew me & 
the Merchant the Favour of paying the Money 
for the said Linnen at London. W. Jones vjill 
certify it in his next Letters, that the Linnen is 
honestly delivered to M^ Causton, & issued out 
by him to a great Profit, & I doubt not, but 
General Oglethorpe himself, who is allways 
very generously & kindly concerned for our sake 
will recommend the Payiment thereof in his own 
Letters, if his very weighty Affairs in this pres- 
ent state of AVar will allow him so much time. 
The inclosed Letter is for M"". Norris & Drewett, 
by which I give them notice, that I have done my 
utmost Endeavours for getting the Linnen 
pay'd & make them from the Words of Gen\ 
Oglethorpe good Hopes of being pay'd shortly 
by the Generosity & Goodness of the Hon^'-. 
Trustees, who will not give place of my being 
blamed & misrepresented in Germany, & the 
Merchant not any longer disappointed. 

The Saltzburgers are by God's Grace in a 
veiy good Condition of Health, & reap the The saitz- 
Fruits of their Labour this Fall so plentifully good^heaj"h. 
in every kind, that they cannot but give many 
thanks to God & their Benefactors by whose 
Favours they are settled in such a good Corner 

222 Colonial Kecords 

Wm. Sterbens Esqr. to ilr. Harman Verelst. 

of the World, where God feeds them with tem- 
poral & spiritual Bread & prepares them by his 
holy Word &: Sacraments to liis eternal Happi- 
ness. I shall be not a little overjoy 'd to hear 
shortly of your good Health as well as of the 
Continuance of the favour of their Honours, 
for whose Happiness & good Success in their 
l^rayseworthy Undertakings are daily put up 
our Prayers to Heaven : committing them & you 
to the Grace & Conduct of our Lord, I beg leave 
to subscribe myself 

Dear Sir 
your most obedient 

very humble Servant 
John Martin Bolzius. 
M', Gronau gives his ■. 

humble ser\ace to vou. 

(From B. P. P. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Mr. Stephens Esq^. to the Acco'^-'^^^''^. Mr. 
Harman Verelst to the honourable the 
Trustees for Establishing the Colony of 
Georgia at their Office near the Holtse of 
Lords. Westminster. 



Savannah 21 Apr. 1739. 
Dear S^ 
ckm. Ogle- Mv Intent was, now the General has again 

thorpe gone , „ " . r t ^ • p 

South. left us, & IS gone South, to have wrote m few 

Correspondence • 223 

Wm. Stephens Esqr. to Mr. Hannan Verelst. 

days fully to the hon*^"^. Trustees and your self 
also: but finding the opportunity of a Boat go- 
ing just now to Charles Town, which will not 
stay for me, & tis seldome I find the like con- 
venience, I catch hold of a few Minutes just to 
acquaint you that upon the Generals telling me 
he found a Backwardness in those who were 

Fees anO 

concerned, to account for the half Fees & Per- perquisites 

quisites due to our dear Friends Family; it was ^^'j^;.,^^,^^^;,^ 

his advice y\ no farther time should be lost 

(very sorry I am y^ so much has already been) 

against my ^ill) but that the shortest way 

ought to be taken, and they should be obUdged 

to do Eight to those who demand it : wherefore, 

by his advice likewise, I am putting it into the 

hands of one ]\P. Whitaker, a Lawyer at Charles 

Town, of unquestionable Abilitys in all respects, JS-", ^^IV 

& who is bevoud regardmg the r rowns ot any charies 

•^ ° Town. 

the Greatest among 'em. God grant I may be 
able to send some good account of it in the End : 
my best care will not be wanting to attend my 
Wishes. I send him Coppys of all I think need- 
full in what I rec''. from 'M\ Horsey and you; 
with such other Hints of my own, as I appre- 
hend may be of any use: and as I am advised, 
shall send you what Information I get about it. 
I would fain have it come to pass, that the first 
letter I write 'M'. Horsey might be an acceptable 
one to him and all the Family ; to whom I beg 
the favour of you to present my hearty respects. 

Since the Hurn,' I am in now, will not permit 
me to write coolly my thoughts as I ought to the 
honourable Board; I hope they'll be so good to 

224 CoLoxiAL Records 

Letter from George Dunbar. 

accept w*. I have ready always ; w^*. is a con- 
tinuation of my Journal : and I tliink many days 
will not pass, ere I shall find occasion to address 
them with such thoughts as are proper for me 
to put in a letter. My last to them was of the 
12'''. of Mar; whereof I also now enclose a 
Ooppy, & I shall be glad one time or other to 
know that all my letters came to hand. As for 
any we receive, I can say nothing. Woe is me : 
Sfe.l'lr'^m the last I had was from you of the 2^ of Oct^ 
Hngian ^^.j^ j ^^^^ .^ December. We hear by uncertain 

repoii:, y'^ a Ship is newly arrivel at Charles 
Town from London; which makes us prick up 
our Ears, in hopes to hear once again from Eng- 
land: 'tis said that there has not arrived one 
Ship from London before this, in 3 or 4 months 

I remain / Dear S^ 

Your very hearty Servant 

Will: Stephens. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 
Feom George Dunbar. 

' Charlestown, 7'\ Oct^ 1739. 


I wrot you by Capt Sygorny w\ whom Cap'. 
^**Amion Crascoiglm takes his passage of the Death of 
SS'mbne?^ ^^^' Amion Clerk to the assembilie and W. Luis 
l"i3. judge Judge of the Admiralty both jjlaces by Sighn'd 
admiralty. mauuel, nor need I tell you of what conse- 


Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

quence thes places being filed with persons well 
qualifi'd is to the wellferr of this province as 
well as to ours. I. therefor thougt it right to 
aquaint you of it to lake Such Steps as 3'ou shal 
think necessary to prevent their being given too 
soone. I Set out tomorow for S\ Simons & I 
believe the General who is a thorow judge of the 
Gentilmen here will recommend propir persons. 
The mortality here is great but I thank God the chief 
people in Georgia preserve an entire State of lAie^^dis- 
health. I have just heard that the Chief 
Jusice's life is' disspar'd off, and I think you 
Should use the Same precautions with respect 
to that. I am 

Your Most humble Ser*. 

George Dunbar. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 
W^^ Stephens Esq^. to Me. Hae^vian Verelst. 


FOR Establishing the Colony of Geoegia at 
THEIR Office near the House of Lords. 
Westminster. Eec^. 13 March 1739. 


Savannah 6 Oct^ 1739. 


I wrote you of the lO"^*". ultmo, enclosing 
Coppy of my Journal S:c: on the 25'^. Ditto I 


Colonial Records 

"VVm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

Sale of rum 
among the 
Indians by- 

EJxplains his 
brevity in 
refiarcl to 

Better un- 
with Mr. 

wrote you again briefly; &, by the Generals 
orders, sent tlierewitli 3 Affidavits, taken during 
liis Progress, relating to the exorbitant Sale of 
Euni by our Neighbours of Carolina among the 
Indians, worthy the Notice of the honourable 
Trustees: & understanding the General is now 
wi'iting himself to them; I am unwilling to let 
so fair an opportunity slip, of tacking a few 
lines to his Packet (by permission) ; tho' there 
are 2 sufficient reasons why I do not enlarge, as 
sometimes : one is, y^ twould be too much assum- 
ing in rae to attempt a Representation of divers 
matters, which I know he writes himself, having 
done me the honour of imparting to me what he 
thought proper of it: whatever I inight offer 
therefore at such an important Juncture must 
appear mere Bagatel, if set in the same light 
with his: the other reason, very prevalent also, 
is, y' in my Journal v/'". I now send Coppy of, 
commencing the 8 Sepf, where my former 
ceased, I see I have not omitted any thing y^ I 
could conceive worth observing, of what has 
passed in this place : and indeed it has not been 
in my jjower of late, to look much farther, since 
the Generals happy arrival among us — You'll 
imagine the rest. This I hope will be allowd a 
good Plea, why I have not yet fuliilld my prom- 
ise to the honorable Board, of divers Lists that 
I proposed, v^"'^ might a little enlighten the View 
of our present. Situation; and 'M\ Jones (whose 
kinder disposition of late, affords me the pleas- 
ure of having a perfect good imderstanding 
with him,) and concurrence in the same Senti- 
ments; all past Jealousys & Piques being for- 

Correspondence 227 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

got) desires me to say, y'. he hopes the same 
Plea will hold good, why we liave yet delayd 
the transmitting of some Specimen of our pro- 
ceedings, in those accounts that we had full 
Orders to examine, & penetrate as far as we 
could into such as we found most obscure. All 
these things I assure my self will next tal:e 
place, when we are returned again to more 
Sedateness: which I see no real cause of any 
doubt in ; for I verily think, after the General 

' " ' The Colony 

has laid doTVTi some Eules to walk by in his ler^'cc^ditHcn 
absence; we are in a much safer State y° any yel%."^ 
for 2 years past : particularly in the Spring of 
the year 1738, our Danger was greatest when 
we least expected it ; & by good Providence their 

. „ Designs 

Designs were frustrated : but now we know our frustrated. 
Enemys, & have no cause to fear 'em : the coast 
is already pretty well filld with Privateers, 
equipt from the Northern Provinces ; besides 
several of his Majestys Frigates cruising to 
protect us, & more promised: and at land we F^^paratioM 
think we may bid 'em defiance even now ; but far corony' ^^ 
more, when the General is reinforced, as is ex- 
pected, with regular Troops : in the mean time, 
as soon as those Indians come down, whom, the 
General has sent for; tho' I dont pretend to 
fathom his Intentions; I have a strong Opin- 
ion y*. his enterprizing Genius, will prompt him 
to repay the Present of Sweeetmeats, w"*". Don 
Pedro left for him lately, when his Launch 

228 Colonial Eecords 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

visited these Parts, w*^. Plumbs of another kind. 
— More in my next. 

Your very humble Serv*. 

Will: Stephens. 
Oct: 11. 1739. 

P. S. 

The very next morning (Sunday the 7th) after 
writing whats before. Cap^ Thomson arrived at 
Tybee, & sent his Boat up V^. Capt Mackay, & 
large Packetts for the General, and me; to- 
gether with a particular letter to me from you, 
pursuant to w^ you ordered him ; & about 10 at 
Night, by the Generals leave I took Boat at the 
proper time of Tide, as Cap*. Mackay also did 
w"\ me; and we carried Orders for Thomsons 
Mr. Thorn- proceediue: w^^.out loss of time to S'. Simons: 

son pro- ^ '-' 

s?mo''ns^° ^*- we got aboard about 3 in the morning the Ship 
lying far off; & after passing the day away, in 
getting some few things' y*. could be come at w'^. 
most ease; & carrying the Passengers off the 
Ship; we parted w'\ him, then under Sail for 
the South; & made the best of our way back to 
Savannah ; where nevertheless w'\ all our pains, 
by reason of strong Tides against us, & dead 
Calms, twas Tuesday evening ere we could ac- 
complish it. 

Twill not be expected (I am confident) that I 
should off hand dip into a Disquisition of those 
manifold advices w'\ I have rec^ from" you, by 
the Direction of the honourable Trustees, full of 


Jno. Brownfield to the Trustees. 

sucli weighty determinations : but in due course 
of time, & as little as may be, I shall endeavour ta^is^'to be 
to write particularly what occurs to me as neces- 
sary to be principally taken notice of. Let 
it suffice therefore for the present (the General 
intending his Packet shall go off this Evening) 
to say y\ the Box Xo. 1, enclosing w\ you wrote 
me; and all other papers & letters, w'*'. came in 
sundry parcels, I presume are come safe ; for as 
much as I discover no marks of any missing. / I 

S^ Your very hearty humble Servant 

, Will: Stephens. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from Jno. Brownfield to the Trustees. 
Eec^. 24 Deo. 1739 

•Savannah OctoV: y^ 8^^ 1739. 

May it please Your Hon" : 

Yesterday Cap': Thomson anchored off the 
Barr of Tybee & I was then favoured with a 
Letter from j\P. Verelst; wherein he acquaints 
me that it is your Pleasure, I should be hon- 
our 'd with the continuance of your former Aj)- Appoint- 
pointment to me as Eegister of this Province. Register of 


There could not happen, in my poor Life, any 
thing that I should undertake with more willing- 
ness, than what your Commands lay upon me. 
The Debt of Gratitude which I owe to Your 
Hon", is too great for one so inconsiderable as 

230 Colonial Records 

Jno. Brownfield to the Trustees. 

me, ever to think of discliargiiig, as he ought 
But I know You will expect from me no more 
than I am able to perform & it would not be the 
mark of an humble Mind, but rather of a base 
one, was I to plead my Inability of acting, 
against the Duty I ought rather to fly with Joy 
to execute. 

What shall I say in answer to '}1\ Verelst's 
JrderJ'.^*'^' °* Enquiry of the Eeason why I have not persued 
my Business in the Eegistership 1 — I was un- 
worthy of your Orders. Some mistaken part or 
other of my behave made me so : I judged my 
self unworthy & therefore did not act. • 

Your Hon": have now given me a fresh Oc- 
casion of amending what is past . Oh ! may no 
Hinderance, no Folly, no Ingratitude, ever 
come across my sincere Endeavours any more. 
May the Almighty give me an Heart free from 
Spot or Blemish; that all my Actions may 
please both him & you. I dare promise nothing 
on mine own part. I rely wholly on your Ten- 
derness to pardon the Errors I have committed, 
or may hereafter commit in your Service : And 
beg leave to assure You that I am preparing to 
obey the Orders contained in M'": Verelst's Let- 

Happy Day! thnt I have once again the 
pleasure of subscribing my self 

Your Hon"' : 

Most Dutiful 

humble Servant 

Jn°. Brownfield. 


Genl. Oglethorpe to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Gen^. Oglethorpe to the Accotant. Mr. H.\r- 
MAN Verelst. Eecd. 13 March 1739. These. 


. Wax 


Savannali in Georgia October 9'^: 1739. 


Just now Captain Mackay arrived and Cap- 
tain Thomson is on the Bar. Captain Mackay 
returns on board to go with him down to Fred- Mackay and 
erica, to which place he must sail immediately, ?o^rf\eJv^e°fi'r 
whilst the Men of War are on the Coast to pro- 
tect him. I have wrote to the Trustees at large 
and hope M^ Vernon and M'" Towers, and all 
my friends will accept of it as a Letter to each. 
I am 


Your very humble servant 
James Oglethorpe. 

P. S: 

I [desire] you would have y**Inclosed acco*. 
[of the] Insurrection of the Carolina Negroes 
inserted in some News papers. 

232 Colonial Records 

Account of NegToe Insurrection in South Carolina. 


(From B. P. R. O., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 
* [Enclosure] 

An Account of the Negroe Insukeection in 
South Carolina. 

Sometime since there was a Proclamation 

published at Augustine, in which the King of 

Spain (then at Peace with Great Britain) 

Pi'omised Protection and Freedom to all Xe- 

ir?SK-aj° groes Slaves that would resort thither. Certain 

by^King'^of Negroes belonging to Captain Da\is escaped to 

Augustine, and were received there. They were 

demanded by General Oglethoi-pe who sent 

Lieutenant Demere to Augustine, and the Gover- 

nour assured the General of his sincere Friend- 

Gcn. Ogle- ship, but at the same time showed his Orders 

mand^ for ^' from the Court of Spain, bv which he was to 

negroes, re- . . 

fused. receive all Run away Negroes. Oi this other 

Negroes having notice, as it is believed, from 
the Spanish Emissaries, four or five who were 
Cattel - Hunters, and knew the AVoods, some of 
whom belonged to Captain Macpherson, ran 
away with His Horses, wounded his Son and 
killed another Man. Tliese marched f [sic] for 
Georgia, and were pursued, but the Rangers 

S'but^not being then newly reduced [sic] the Countrey 
people could not overtake them, though they 
were discovered by the Saltzburghers, as they 
passed by Ebenezer. They reached Augustine, 
one only being killed and another wounded by 
the Indians in their flight. They were received 
there with groat honours, one of them had a 

Correspondence 233 

Account of Negroe Insurrection in South Carolina. 

Commission given to him, and a Coat faced with 
Velvet. Amongst the Xegroe Slaves there are a 

1 TT" 1 i? * 1 • '^ connmis- 

people brought from the Kmgdom oi Angola m sion and 

■^ -t <-' ^ '-' coat faced 

Africa, many of these speak Portugiieze [which "^H"^^ ^^^^et 
Language is as near Spanish as Scotch is to "^^°- 
English,] by reason that the Portuguoze have 
considerable Settlement, and the Jesuits have a 
Mission and School in that Kingdom and many 
Thousands of the Negroes there profess the of Roman 

^ Catholic re- 

Eoman Catholic Eeligion. Several Spaniards JJf^^gJ^ 

upon diverse Pretences have for some time 

past been strolling about Carolina, two of them, 

who will give no account of themselves have 

been taken up and committed to Jayl in Geor- suspected 

gia. The good reception of the Negroes at Au- committed 

=• ® ^ to jayl in 

gustine was spread about. Several attempted to ca. 
escape to the Spaniards, & were taken, one of 
them was hanged at Charles Town. In the lat- 
ter end of July last Don Pedro, Colonel of the ?;°"ch?riet 
Spanish Horse, went in a Launch to Charles J,°It"nce'!'^^ 
Town under pretence of a message to General 
Oglethorpe and the Lieutenant Governour. 

On the 9'''. day of September last being Sun- 
day which is the day the Planters allow them to 
work for themselves. Some xVngola Negroes 
assembled, to the number Of Twenty; and one 
who was called Jemmy was their Captain, they 
suprized a AVarehouse belonging to M'. Hutch- 
enson at a place called Stonehow [sic — ] ; they 
there killed M^ Robert Bathurst, and M^ Gibbs, ^^^^^j^ 
plundered the House and took a pretty many kfiun^l^peo- 
small Arms and Powder, which were there for burning 


Sale. Next they plundered and burnt M'. God- 


Colonial Kecords 

Account of Negroe Insurrection in South Carolina. 

Mr. Lenny, 
wife and 
child killed 
by negroes. 

Bull. I^ieut. 
Gov. of S. C, 
pursued by 

frey's liouse, and killed him, his Daughter and 
Son. They then turned back and marched 
Southward along Pons Pons, which is the Eoad 
through Georgia to Augustine, they passed M'. 
Wallace's Taxern towards day break, and said 
they would not hurt him, for he was a good Man 
and kind to his Slaves, but they broke open and 
plundered M". Lemy's House, and killed him, 
his wife and Child. They marched on towards 
M^ Eose's resolving to kill him; but he was 
saved by a Negroe, who having hid him went out 
and pacified the others. Several Negroes 
joyned them, they calling out Liberty, marched 
on with Colours displayed, and two Drums beat- 
ing, pursuing all the white people they met with, 
and killing Man Woman and Child when they 
could come up to them. Collonel Bull Lieute- 
nant Governour of South Carolina, who was 
then riding along the Pioad, discovered them, 
was pursued, and with much difficulty escaped 
& raised the Countrey. They burnt Colonel 
Hext's house and killed his Overseer and his 
Wife. They then burnt M^ Sprye's house, then 
M"-. Sacheverell's, and then M"-. Nash's house, 
all lying upon the Pons Pons Ptoad, and killed 
all the white People tliey found in them. M^ 
Bullock got off, but they burnt his House, by 
this time many of them were drunk with the 
Rum they had taken in the Houses. They in- 
creased every minute by new Negroes coming 
to them, so that they were above Sixty, some say 
a hundred, on which they halted in a field, and 
set to dancing, Singing and beating Drums, to 
draw more Negroes to them, thinking they were 

Correspondence 235 


Account of NesToe Insurrection in South Carolina. 

now victorious over the whole Province, having 
marched ten miles & burnt all before them with- 
out Opposition, but the Militia being raised, the 
Planters with great briskness pursued them raised. 
and when they came up, dismounting; charged 
them, on foot. The Negroes were soon routed, 
though they behaved boldly several being killed 
on the Spot, many ran back to their Plantations 
thinking they had not been missed, but they 
were there taken and [sic] Shot, Such as were 

taken in the field also, were after being ex- Revolting 


amiued, shot on the Spot, And this is to be said ^^ot. 
to the honour of the Carolina Planters, that not- 
withstanding the Provocation they had received 
from so many Murders, they did not torture one 
Negroe, but only put them to an easy death. All 
that proved to be forced & were not concerned 
in the ^Murders & Burnings were pardoned, And 
this sudden Courage in the field, & the Hu- 
manity afterwards hath had so good an Effect 
that there hath been no farther Attempt, and JhJc°ked. 
the very Spirit of Revolt seems over. About 30 es^pes!^''^^^ 
escaped from the fight, of which ten marched 
about 30 miles Southward, and being overtaken 
by the Planters on horseback, fought stoutly 
for some time and were all killed on the Spot. 
The rest are yet untaken. In the whole action 
about 40 Xegroes and 20 whites were killed. 
The Lieutenant Governour sent an account of 
this to General Oglethorpe, who met the advices 
on his return from the Indian Xation He im- 
mediately ordered a Troop of Eangers to be rangerTto 
ranged, to patrole through Georgia, placed through 

^ ' ^ . . . Georgia, 

some Men in the Garrison at Palichocolas, which 

236 Colonial Records 

Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

was before abandoned, and near which the Ne- 
groes formerly passed, being the only place 
where Horses can come to swim over the Elver 
Savannah for near 100 miles, ordered out the 
Indians in pursuit, and a Detachment of the 
Garrison at Port Royal to assist the Planters on 
any Occasion, and published a Proclamation 
ordering all the Constables &g\ of Georgia to 
A prociama- pursuc and scizc all Negroes, with a Reward for 

tion order- " ' 

itfbief io ^°y *^^^ should be taken. It is hoped these 
nJ^oel^ measures will prevent any Negroes from get- 
ting down to the Spaniards. — 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Mr. Tho^. Joxes to the Accotaxt, ^Ir. Har- 
MAX Verelst Recd 13 ]\L\rch 1739. 

Savannah Oct^ 11. 173^. 


I rec^ yo'-^ of y« 14"\ July, and a Letter from 
]\P. Martin of y= 9''\ I writ a Letter to you Aug^ 
2^, w^\ hope you rece^ ^ M^ Tho' : Stephens. 
wherein I mentioned, my Sending you a fuller 
Acco*. than the time would allow me then to do, 
by a Letter which I have writ, and directed to 
their Ilon^. The Trustees ; but those difficulties 
I then laboured under, being now removed, I 
would not trouble tlieir Hon", with needless 
Complaints. Shall onh' Say — That I hope it 
will appear. That the Opposition I met with 


Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

from the Magistrates and others proceeded 

from no other Cause, than my adhering Strictly oppoliuons 

. met with. 

to the Establishm'^ made by the Trustees, m 
the Issues out of their Store, and where I could 
not find any Establishm'. in pursuing the Orders 
given me by his Excellency the General. They 
expected not only Provisions &c for themselves 
& Families, even beyond the Allowances ap- 
pointed them, but that I should issue to other 
persons for their Acco*. towards the discharge 
of their private Debts, Col". Stephens joj-nd 
with them therein And upon my refusing to 
comply with :SF. Parker's Demands, by a verbal 
Order sent by One of his Servants, (I could 
never prevail with Cor*. Stephens of M^ Parker 
to give me an order about any Issues in Writ- 
ing) I was threatned to be comitted to the Log- 
house • which had been put in Execution, if M"". Threatened 

"" ' . , . ., to be com- 

Gilbert had not refused to joyn m grantmg the ^i^^^ed^t^o the 
Warrant ag'. me, Alledging that as I was an 
Officer of the Trustees, they should first ac- 
quaint the General or the Trustees with my 
^Lisconduct — I shall not trou])le you with any 
further Acco*.. but must Say That if his Excel- 
lency the General has not at that time, and 
upon many other Occasions interposed in my 
behalf I must have flod from Savannah, or had 
not been now alive to write this Letter. 

Yours of March y^ 3^ And of April r -'• I 
rece^ July y" 5'\ : After the Generals de- 
parture form hence to y* Indian Nation, CoP'. 
Stephens, :S[\ Parker & Self, met pursuant to y^ 
Comission and Instructions given Us, to ex- 


Colonial Eecords 

Mr. Thos. Jones to Air. Harman Verelst. 

Accots. ex- 

Secret de- 
signs to de- 
fraud the 

amine and State the Acco'^ wherein I expected 
but little Success; But when it evidently ap- 
peared by the first Accompt we entred upon, w^\ 
was ir. Montaguts (on the Examination of W. 
Fury upon Oath) what Contrivances ll\ Caus- 
ton had used to get Mony, thereby enhancing 
the Trustees Debts, W. Parker appeard very 
uneasy thereat, And for some days neglected 
attending the Affair, but Col". Stephens shewd 
the greatest readiness & Zeal in the measures 
Since taken to unravel the Secret Designs w'\ 
have been carried on for Some Years past to 
defraud the Trustees. 

" We have examined and Stated the Certifyed 
Acco^^ w^\ by Your Letter of April y^ 2''. are 
mentioned to remain unpaid. And find Several 
Errors &e. in each of them excepting that of 
Recompence Stanberiy which we believe to be 
a just and fair Accompt — M^ Eobert Wil- 
liams's Demands we have deferred, our En- 
quiry into, untill his Brother, who is partner 
w"' him and is lately arrived here from S'. 
Christopher's produces Vouchers for some part 
of the xVcco^ And untill we can have y^ Afa- 
davits of Several persons taken about the Wes- 
tern Road, which by his Acco'. Cost near 700£. 
' to no purpose, and contrary to the Instructions 
given him by (the now) Gen'^ Oglethorpe. 

The Accompt of Paul Jennys & Co. (which 
The account vou Sout me v* Cap\ Thomsou, as also the re- 
"' ''""' port of the Comittee of Acco^^ thereon) We 

liad examined. And you will find the Several 
Articles disallowed of by the Comittee to have 

Cost of the 




Correspondence 239 

Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

been objected to by us, in onr Stating of Said 
Acco*. as well as Some other Articles objected 
to, wherein there has been great Mistakes (if 
with an)^ propriety of Speech they may be so 
called) ]\P. Jennys has been desired to Send 
Some person with the Vouchers in order to 
settle & State his Accompt w'*'. the Trustees, 
but has not hitherto done it. In all the Acco'^ 
we have hitherto examined, we have found 
matters for objections, which shall |^ first 
Oportunity transmit to you in order to be com- 
municated to their Honours — excepting the 
following: Viz*. Eecompen [sic] Stanberry, 
abovementiond David Provost, And Thomas 
Ware, whose Accom.pts as certified, we believe 
to be just 

Whilest his Excellency remains withus. Our 

time is whol]y taken up in other Affaii's, which 

cannot be transacted in his absence — But Time occu- 
pied in con- 

shall after his departure, proceed in executing gg^^^^^gj^?^^ 
our Coraission relating to y^ Acco% tho can *^°^p^' 
hope but little Assistance therein from M^ 
Christie, whose own Acco'. with the Trustees 
will hardly bear an Enquiry into, without grate- 
ing Animadversions'. * 

For my own part. Since I began theEnquiry 
into the State of the Acco*'. I have not been 
able to think of, or do any other Business, J&i^^®' * 
having little Assistance therein — M"". Pye, 
(One of the Clerks) who attends us, is very 
faithfull and has conceald nothing which could 
give light into any Acco'. he writes well, but is 
too heedless to be depended on. Adrian Loyer 


Colonial Records 

Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

made on 
accots by 
Mr. Loyer 

Mr. Parker, 

good con- 

who had the chief direction of the Accompts, 
having been examind touching some Alterations 
by Erasem*', &c he had lately made in Several 
Acco*^ and could not pretend any excuse for so 
doing, is lately gone to Port Eoyal (The Magis- 
trates here published an Order, Since we had an 
Acco*. of the Rupture with Spain. That no 
Boats or passengers therein, should go cut of 
y^. Colony without permission — ) '},1\ Loyer 
ap23lied to ]\P. Parker for a permit who refused 
to grant it, telling him that he could not allow 
him to go out of y^ Colony untill the Comis- 
sion'"" had finished their Enquiry into y^ Acco"., 
he being the only person now left, that could 
explain any difficulties that might arise therein. 
But j^P. Christie granted a permit to him--James 
Houston, an other of y* Clerks, is at Port Royal 
the Said Plouston by Col". Cochrans' direction 
(as i\P. Pye infonns us) made Several Altera- 
tions in the Books of Acco*'. which Alterations 
are known to be of Houstons' handwriting. 

M'. Henry Parker for two months: past, ha 
[torn] Magistrate acted with great Steadiness 
and good Conduct. And has left off drinking 
to Excess — he is a Man endowd with good 
Natural Abilitys he found it to be in vain for 
him to expect an unlimited Credit from the 
Store as usual. And that his Attachm' to M^ 
Causton could be of no Service to either o£ 

I am very thankfuU to their Honours, The 
Trustees that my Endeavours to Serve tbem is 
in any measure agreeble — And also for the 

Correspondence 241 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

Honour clone me in the Comissions Sent hither ; :vrakes grat- 
I am conscious of my Incapacity to do them or L-nowiedg- 

1 ' T ^ . . ment to the 

their Interests m this Colony much Service m Trustees for 

•' favor re- 

either — But still hope they will find some ^^^^^'^• 
more fit person to Serve them however Shall 
endeavour to promote their Interest in this 
Colony with faithfullness whilst they shall 
judge me any way capable thereof. 

I intend assoon as the General was gone for 
the Camp, to have writ to the Hon'"^ the Trus- 
tees. xVnd also to finish our Examination of 
those Acco'\ we had gone through, for your 
perusal and the Acco*^ of y Store to this time, 
which are ready, but have not time to take 
Copies thereof His Excellency required me to 
write to you by this Conveyance to Carolina — 
I have many things to add, but the Boat being- 
ready to go off must conclude 
I am with Respects 
Your very humble Serv^ 
Tho Jones. 
To M^ Harman Verelst. 

(From B. P. R. O., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. Recd 13 
:March 1739. 

Savannah ir'': October 1739. 

I have seen Captain Mackay, who arrived last 
Sunday. Captaia Thomson and all on board is 

242 Colonial Kecords- 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

safe. I have received your Letters, & have de- 
sired M^ Jones and Colonel Stephens to send 
Action with yo^ ^^^^y ^^^1 Answers. As we every hour 
[ards^ expect- expect Actiou with the Spaniards, I have hardly 
hour. time to write out the different necessary orders 

for the Indian Nation, the Eangers, the Garii- 
sons', the Boats, and Letters to Carolina, Vir- 
ginia, the Northern Colonies and Men of "War. 
As the Safety and Lives of the People, and 
honour of the English Arms in these parts de- 
pend upon using the jDresent Conjuncture, I 
hope you will excuse my not writing a long 
Letter. I shall use my utmost Endeavours to 
see your Orders' -executed. Some things, I be- 
lieve, you will think necessary to alter in them 
for the sup- particularly the allowing an Alehouse at T^^bee, 

press ion of -^ "^ ° J r 

It Tybee"""^^ which would be the Occasion of making Boat 
men drunk, and might be the Loss of many 
Boats and men, and would be attended with the 
same ill Consequences as the Ale house on y*. 
Carolina side hath beeii, which on the losing of 
several Boats' and drowning 14 of my men I 
have applied to have Suj^pressed. 

Upon this Eupture with Spain and the Dis- 
contents of the Cherokees and Creeks against 

Discontent t i • m. -i n 

of the Cher- the Pcople of Carolina and their T'raders, the 

okees and ^ 

Snst peo- greatest part of that Colony own that I am best 
oifn^^ ^^' able to manage the Indians, and the Lieutenant 
Governor hath wrote to me that it is necessary 
to send an Agent amongst the Cherokees, But 
this as they live in Georgia, he cannot do, there- 
fore I have sent up W. Eyres as Agent, and the 
Lieut'. Governor Joyns in Suppressing of Eum. 

Correspondence 24'^ 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

With respect to Colonel Stephens & M'. Jones, 
they tell me that to give a full and satisfactory 
Answer to your last Letters, will require some 
time, but I have desired them to write to you 
in the mean time. 

I am / Gentlemen 

Your most Obedient 

humble servant. 

James Oglethorpe. 

P. S. 

I have read over the Estimates, but have not 
time to explain upon them till I have talked to 
the different Officers. Upon the first View I n 


think there mav be £20 a vear saved upon each for the 

* * ^ Colony 

of the Pilots. There is no allowance of a Sur- 
veyor to the Southward, and there are some 
other Charges which I believe may be saved, 
and some other Articles which I believe when 
you hear, you will think necessary to add, parti- 
cularly Tything men in the Towns & a Corres- 
pondent Clerk or Intelligencer to be maintained 
in the Creeks and another in the Cherokee 
Nation. The hon"'^ : the Trustees. 


244 CoLONL^L Records 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Accotant. 


(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Gen^. Oglethorpe to the Acco'^^^"^. Recd. 
7 Marc 1739 

(Duplicate.) Savannah 19**^ : October 1739. 


This is by way of Explanation of some Ac- 
counts that I send over to answer the Bills I 
have drawn upon you. The Tnistees assured 
me that they would make good, the Expences 
laid out for them. I have been as frugal as I 
possibly could, as you will see by the Accounts. 
I thought to have bought Horses sufficient to 
KlyTo*'' have made the Journey to the Indian Nation & 
Nation. carried up the Goods, & for y'. purpose I drew 

upon you for £200 Sterling payable to W. Jenys 
but being disappointed in purchasing Horses, 
was obliged to hire & was obliged to buy Goods 
in the Nation from the Traders to make Pres- 
ents to the Indians, and paid an advanced price, 
which was but half the price they sell them to 
the Indians for. I carried up as many as I could 
get Pack horses for, and upon those I saved the 
advanced price. I have sent the Bills at large, 
through in them there are mixt Articles, some 
relating to my self some to the Indians, but I 
have set off all that was to my outi account. In 
man of great the Articles of the Trustees there is £20 lent 

worth and 

merit. -^f^r Kent, I've Sent a Letter from him to his 

Father, he is a young man of great worth & 
merit his Father was ^lember for Reading, has 

Correspondence 245 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Accotant. 

a good Estate and is an Acquaintance of ]\P. 
Hucks's. I hope he will Support his Son. If 
he sends him over £300 Sterling* & £50 a year he 
will make a very happy man of him, for he has 
a very fine Tract of Land at Augusta, and the 
best notion of Improving of any man I know in 
the province. There is an article of £12 — which 
was a Loan in Cattel to one Overstreet an in- 
dustrious man with a Wife and Six Children, 
who is settled at Augusta. The Inhabitants re- 
commended him to me, he having been afflicted 
with Sickness, and answered that by the milk 
of Six Cows the Wife would be able to maintain 
the ffamily. There is £5 given for Assistance to 
the Cattel hunters. Captain Cuthbert with y^ 
Cattel hunters and that smal Assistance cut a 
path for horses, through the Woods which were 
before impassable, from Augusta to the Uchee frorn"^ *^"* 
Town above 60 miles on our side the Eiver. The uchel Town. 
whole of this Account, with y* Presents amounts 
to £684 .. 10 .. 2 out of which £123 .. 9 .. 41/0 I 
discharged from the Tnist to my own account, 
being the Expences of myself and family, so 
that their Charge is £561 .. .. 9i/-. There is 
£ 200 in M'. Jenys 's hands which I drew for to 
pay for horses, which as I could not get horses 
at a reasonable price, I have made an advance 
out of that Money to some Butchers and 
Drovers who are Inhabitants of this Town, to 
slaughter here, S: thereby enable them to fur- 
nish the Town & Shipping &c^ with Provisions, 
& to repay the Same to the Tmst as they receive ro^i?m|ed''io 
it, This became quite necessary by the Shutting visions. 

246 CoLONLVL. Eecords 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Accotant. 

up the Tnistees Store and is what their Letter 
liints at of Eneouring- People to sell Provisions. 

Besides which, there is £40 whicli I pay to 
Camnse the Silk Winder in account, he having a 
Demand upon y^. Trustees hef ore my arrival and 
for Expences this year, whicli demand will be 
lessened by this £40, as will appear in the Ac- 
counts of the Commissioners for stating the 

The next is £63 — paid to M^ Jones in order 

to Enable him to discharge the Debts due to the 

Sfi*%?rHson Garrisou at Augusta, and would have been at a 

at^Aukusta. ^^^^^ Discouut to the prejudice of the Trust's 

Credit because the poor people were not able to 

stay the sending them home to England. 

Captain Mackpherson has a very consider- 
able Demand upon the Trust, as appears by the 
phereoJ-rd'e- Report of the Commissioners, he having made 
tAS."'' ^^^ it appear that he was in the utmost Distress I 
advanced him £ 61 .. 4 .. 0, which lessens the debt 
due by y* Trust. 

M'. Jones having occasion for provisions (S:c\ 
from Cattell and Austin at Charles Town I ad- 
vanced him £ 50 for the Same for which he is to 
account to the Trust. 

A Ship belonging to Captain Caleb Davis ar- 
rived here with Molasses, and as there was no 
b^roulhf by probability that more would come up by reason 
dIvIs.^^'^'' of the War, M^ Jones by my order bought the 
Cargo, which is to be issued by him to the people 
here for money, and as soon as he receives the 
Same, it will be so much towards the paying the 

Correspondence 247 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Accotant. 

Estimate of the Trustees. It amounts to £400. 
of wliich I have at present drawn for but £220. 
I have also dra^Ti for £107 .. 9 .. 0. £100, and 
£20 payable to ]\P. Thomas Jones which money 
has been paid in discharge of the account of 
Indian Presents, and is part of the £684 .. 10 ,. 0. 

The Cherokee Indians, as will appear by the 
Affidavits sent over to England by Colonel 
Stephens, which I hope are arrived, were des- fndlan's^^ 
troyed by Eum and the Small Pox, carried up ^um^lnlf ^^ 
by Traders from Carolina, some of whom had 
been licenced at Charles Town, and some with- 
out any Licences but encouraged from thence. 
Above 1000 of the Indians died and the sickness 
raged so that they could not attend their Com 
fields. They demanded Justice from all the 
English, threatned Revenge and sent to the 
French for Assistance. Their Deputies met me 
at Fort Augusta, I asked them if they were 
Georgia Traders that had sold the Rum, they 
said Xo, and I prevailed with them not only to 
be pacified with the English, but also to promise 
me the Assistance of a body of ]\[en against y* 
Spaniards. ^ATien they told me of the starving ftaS^ing in- 
Condition thev would be in bv their having lost ished with 

^ corn by Gen. 

their Com hai-^^est by the Sickness, I ordered as o^'ethorpe. 
far as 15000 bushells of Corn to be bought at 
Augusta, & to be given to the Cherokee Nation 
if they came down to fetcli the Same, to be di\^d- 
ed amongst all y* Towns where the Dearth of 
Com was. Upon my acquainting the Chiefs of 
my having done this before they asked it, they 
said, that the Trustees treated them as Fathers 

248 Colonial Eecords 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Accotant. 

do their Children, they did not give them Toys 

nor nnwholsome liquor, hut gave them AVisdom 

& Justice, and supplied their Wants when ]Mis- 

The Indians fortimos' Came "upon them. They called them 

i^rulteei'^the the Prescrvcrs of their Nation, as they did the 

of their Carolina Traders, the Destrovers of it. I have 

Nation and ' " 

trader1f°the drawn for £107 .. 10 .. to pay for this Corn. 

destroyers ^^-^j^ staiids iTL about 18 peuce p Bushell de- 
livered at Augusta, and this is paid 'into the 
hands of M"". Jones to answer that Demand 

There was a great Damp upon Planting and 
indeed upon every other thing when I came 
over, but things' are now much mended, yet I 
was obliged to encourage the planting, and with 
much difficulty could I perswade any one near 
the Town to it, so was obliged to promise a 
bounty of two shillings per bushel upon Ind"". 
Corn and pease, and one sliilling for Potatoes, 
in the hopes of which some have planted &■ have 
large Crops. This Bounty extends only to the 
t'^o^'en^Sge DistHct of Savamiah. The People of Ebenezer 
were contented with a less Premium, viz\ 12 
pence per bushel, and that only upon Corn and 
Pease. The Sum total I cannot yet tell, but I 
suppose a good deal of the Bounty will be paid 
by setting off some of the Debts due to the 
Store, those who are most necessitous I pay in 
Money. By the Regulation there can be no 
Fraud, for the Ground on which the Corn grew 
is to be viewed, as well as the Com measured. 
I have drawn for £150. which is left in M^ 
Jones's hands for this pui-pose. 

I shall lend W. Burnside upon Cattel £ 40 in 


Genl. Oglethorpe to the Accotant. 

order to enable him to buy the Same in Carolina, 
the Cattel will be in this Colony as Security, 
and Cattel may be very necessary in case Sup- m^. Bumaide 

•^ "^ "^ ^ to buy cattle 

plies should be Cut off, And for that and some '" Carolina. 
other Expences which I have left with M''. 
Jones to make. I have drawn for £ 80. If the 
Trustees do not think this Encouragement to be 
within their Intention, Continue that £80 upon 
my account. 

You see by this that there is great part of the 
Amount of these Bills in the Colony to answer 
the Trustees Estimate, There is part of it to ^-^ increase 
pay the Expences of the last year, and part to p"n2es ^ot 
lessen the Debt before my arrival, so that there 
is no Increase of this Years Expences, nor 
nothing exceeding the Estimate. Therefore I 
hope the Trustees will pay you the Same and 
take them off from my account. I believe that 
it will be necessary to incourage the people in 
planting to give next year a Bounty of One Shil- 
ling per Bushel upon Corn, and I have promised 
four Shillings a pound for Silk Balls. I am 


Your very humble sei-^^ant 

James Oglethorpe. 

M^ HaiTnan Verelst. 



Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

(From B. P. R. O., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Gen^. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. Recd 7 
March 1739 Bead before the Committee of 
Correspondence. March 22, 1739/40. 

Savannali in Georgia 20^^ October 1739. 

Order relat- 
ing: to 

Silk industry 
a ver>' im- 
portant im- 
provement of 
the Colony. 


The Order relating to Negroes is arrived and 
published, & hath had a ver>' good Effect. The 
Resolution shoAvn by the Trust hath in a great 
measure quelled the troublesome Spirit. The 
remainder of the Idle Walkers and Doctor 
Tailfer are preparing to leave the Colony, but 
several industrious people are settling. This 
Week above Eight Lotts have been taken up. 

I defrayed last years Expences as I mention- 
ed in my former, & thank You for the kind 
Paragraph in your Letter, that you will repay 
those Advances. I am not able yet to send home 
all the Accounts and Vouchers, but some I have, 
and explained them in a Letter to Mr. Verelst, 
and hope you will pay them. 

The Estimate for the Establishment of this 
year is very short, the Provision for the Silk 
which is one of the most important Improve- 
ments in y^ Colony is far from being sufficient 
to Cany that on. There is no provision made 
for Magistrates or Constables at Augusta, nor 
for Tything men in this Town, nor for Agents 
in the Indian Countrey, nor for Tything men 

Correspondence 251 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

in the Out Villages of Hampstead, Higligate, 
SkidoTvay and Abercorn, therefore probably the 
Out Villages will quit their Ground, for want of 
Officers to preserve the peace. 

There is also no provision for Tything imen at 

People of 

The Darien hath been one of the Settlem'^ 
where the people have been most industrious, as 
those at Savannah have been most idle. The Vn^dis"ri?u? 
Trustees have had several Servants there who 
under y^ direction of M'. Moore Mcintosh, have 
not only earned their Bread, but have furnished 
the Trust with such Quantities of Sawed Stulf, 
as hath saved them a great Sum of Money. 
Those Sei-\^ants cannot be put under the Direc- 
tion of any body at Frederica, nor any one that 
does not understand the Highland Language. 
The woods fit for Sawing are near Darien, and 
the Trustees engaged not to separate the High- 
landers. They are very usefuU under their own 
Chiefs, and no where else. It is very necessary iir. Mack 

intosh over- 

therefore to allow M''. Mackintosh for the Over- ^®j^st^/4p^. 
seeing the Trusts Servants at the Darien. ^^en^^ 
And indeed I do not think there is Occasion for 
an Overseer with any large Salary at Frederica, 
since there is very little work for Sei-vants 
there, except about the Store. There are sev- 
eral other absolute necessary Expenses, but as I 
know that the Trustees cannot exceed a certain 
Sum, I shall not venture upon making them, 
though I believe the Colony will suffer for want Amount for 
of them. I am indeed of opinion that with the the coiony 


sum of £5,000 a year here would have done if no 


Colonial Records 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees 

Funds for 
a troop of 
rangers and 
officers over 

Party of 
men sent to 
the Garrison 
at Augusta 
under En- 
sign Kitson, 

War liad happened I could have distributed it 
in such a manner as to liave supported the 
Colony, but I fear it cannot now be done, for the 
having given notice to the Magistrates and 
others that they are to have such large Salaries, 
they cannot now be reduced. There is no Pro- 
vision in the Estimate for encouraging the Vine- 
yards no bounty upon Corn, no Food to en- 
courage young Planters, nor no Provisions for 
Servants out of their times. There is £500 a 
year for all Contingences, I shall take all the 
Care to divide that in such a manner as to make 
it go the farthest I can, but fear it will nothing 
near answer the necessary Services. 

There are two Articles without which we 
should be entirely destroyed, those I shall ven- 
ture upon, and I send you over notice of them 
that if you think they are not within the power 
of the Trust to apply money to, I should desire 
you would use your Interest in Parliament to 
procure a seperate Sum for that purj^ose in 
your Vote. The one is a Troop of Rangers, and 
Pay for those who head the Indians as Officers, 
without which we shall lye entirely open to the 
Insults of the Spanish Horse and Indians upon 
the Continent, for it is impossible for one Regi- 
ment of Foot to cover such a vast Frontier. I 
send you the Establishment of these Bodies of 
Men. There is also the Garrison at Augusta, 
the first party that I sent up there under EnsigTi 
Kitson was drowned, and I cannot spare any men 
from the Regiment to so far a post, now we 
have the Spaniards upon our backs, therefore I 


Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

have kept up that Garrison with ten men. I 
have also kept one Agent or Intelligencer in the 
Creek, and one in the Cherokee Xation, with an 
appointment of £30 a year for themselves, and 
£24 for a Servant, and to find themselves food. 

Colonel Stephens and M"". Jones ha^-ing ac- 
quainted me that M^ Wilhamson was gone away 
to Charles Town & not like to return, and that 
therefore M". Christie could not leave the 
Recorders Office, & consequently not succeed 
M^ Parker. They farther acquainted me that 
M'. Parker now behaved well, had entirely left ^he con- 
off drinking, and that they thought it would be Mr"pk?ker 

^ . T . as First 

most serviceable to the Colony to Continue him Magistrate. 
first Magistrate, I accordingly did till your 
farther Orders and I believe you will think it 
proper to continue him on. This Place is now 
very quiet & the whole Pro^^nce wears a much 
better face than when I arrived. Georgia has 
been very healthy this year, the fatal Eum 
Fever of Charles Town hath not extended to us. 
& I believe 5 men have not died of the five Com- 
panies of ray Eegiment quartered in this Pro- 
vince. I am 

Gentlemen / Your very humble Servant 

James Oglethorpe, 

The hon'^'^ the Trustees. 


Colonial Records 

Thomas Jenys to the Trustees. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Thomas Jenys Esq^. to the Trustees. Reg°. 
24 Dec. 1739. 

Charles Town Soutli Carolina Octo^ 27'\ 1739. 

arising in 
Mr. Caus- 
ton's ac- 

Honourable Sirs. 

We are now to acknowledge ourselves Hon- 
oured with the Lre Your Hon"^. were so kind to 
direct M". Yerelst to write us' the 14"". July, in 
reply to that we had y^ Hon'"^ to internipt you 
with dat*^. y^ 7'^ of April. 'Tis with the utmost 
gratitude we observe Your Hon'"^ were pleas 'd 
in order to facilitate payment of the Acco*^ sub- 
sisting between Yo^ Hon". & our late Brother &; 
Husband so well as ourselves, to refer the Ex- 
amination thereof to your Committee of Acco*\ 
& cannot but think Ourselves infinitely oblig'd 
to Yo^ Hon"' for directing their Report & Ob- 
serv^ations to be transmitted us, & Copys of our 
Acco^^ to be sent the Commissioners of your 
Colony for their Inspection with regard to the 
few differences between our & M"". Causton's 
Accots. that were laid before Your Committee. 
"Which differences we can plainly reconcile & 
satisfye Your Hon"^. & the Committee of the 
justness of our Acco^^ but as they are trans- 
mited to the Commissioners at your Colony, we 
shall not at this time interrupt Yo^ Hon^ : with 
a full Explanation of the Articles in difference. 
We have sent such A ceo'', to Yo''. Commission- 
ers as wilL facilitate their Examination, <& ex- 


Thomas Jenys to the Trustees. 

plain to them the occasion of the differences, 
which yo"" Committee observed, they arise from 
a double Charge by MT. Causton of two Bills 
which he sent Jenys & Baker & a charge of two 
Certificates never Sent them. We beg leave to 
return Yo"" Hon'"\ our hearty Tlianks for your 
giving such imediate directions for pa^Tiient of 
what appear 'd to the satisfaction of yo^ Com- 
mittee to be due. 

Our Tho\ Jenys intreats yo''. Hon""", to believe 
that as 'tis his inclination to render all the Ser- offers 

services to 

vice m his power to lo''. Colony, no zeal or the colony. 
Endeavours will at any time be wanting to 
demonstrate the Sincerity Of his Will to be as 
useful in promoting every thing that shall be 
thought to conduce to the welfare &: Hai^pinessf 

His Excellency has been so good as to send 
more than one of His Majesty's Officers to this 
Government to offer his Service in any Shape 
to the utmost latitude of his Orders for annoy- 
ing the Spaniards, & 'tis much to be wish'd His 
Excellency's power so far as our Government 
apprehends it, had been more extensive & then 
we might have been ready to have attempted, & 
I make no doubt (by the Blessing of Heaven) to 
have succeeded, in the removall of that grievous 
thorn out of our way that has so long Gal I'd 
our Sides &: is the greatest annoyance this Pro- ^-eVrolf a° 

* . T - diminution 

vmce has, the freedom to Negroes m a dimmu- to value of 

tion to j^. value of our People's Estates, & if 
some method or other is not provided to prevent 
such a Value from being taken from 'em (wliich 


256 Colonial Records 

Thomas Jenys to the Trustees. 

the Spanish Declaration of freedom at Augus- 
tine does) iu a few Years it must in all proba- 
bility be reduced to a very low Ebb to what its' 
present flourishing condition is. 

I hope the Assembly will at their meeting 
which is to be next Week, take those most Es- 
sential things into their Consideration & it is 
to be hoped there will be a hearty Vote of thanks 
to the General & as great a Supply as the Pro- 
vince can well support for obtaining so great 
a Good as the removal of that Thorn out of our 
Sides. I fear Yo^ Hon"^. will think me very 
impertinent in offering to interrupt You with a 
Eepresentation of what seems to be so much 
out of my Province, But 'tis my Zeal to let yo^ 
Hon"^. know something of what is by every true 
Friend to this Province & the Colony of Georgia 
to be wished for & endeavour 'd the obtaining 

I beg yo^ Hon"^. will permit me to Subscribe 
for Sister & Self. 

Your Hon""', most Obedient 

& very humble Servant. 

Tho^ Jenys. 

Correspondence 257 

Mr. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Mr. Stephens to the Acco'^^^"'^. Mr. Harman 
Verelst, to the honourable the Trustees 


THEIR Office near the House of Lords, 
Recd. 4 March 1739. Westminister. 

Savannah 3^ Nov : 1739. 

Upon my presenting the Bill w^". you sent me 
by order of the honourable Trustees drawn by 
M'. Hamerton on M"". George Saxby for £200 
ster, he was pleased to tell me y'. he could not ISaJ't'o 

a protest in 

accept it, having not near so much of the I^no's a business 


mony m his hands; whereupon I am obliged to 
have it protested ; but he being now here, desires 
me not to return it immediately before he gets 
back to Charles Town (whither he is going) 
because it is possible y'. he may then answer it; 
whereof he will then write me : to which I have 
complyd ; & I put this into his hands to transmit 
to you ^ first opportunity. In few days you 
may expect to have letters from me of farther 


Most humble Servant, 

Will: Stephens. 

258 Colonial Eecords 

Letter from Samuel Urlsperger. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 
Fbom Samuel Urlspeeger, 3 Nov. 173^. 

r Black 


Ayant espere de jour en jour d'apx>rendre 
enfin I'helreuse arrivee de 7 Colonistes dans 
la Georgie, par ou ils sont parti le mois d'Avril 
passe, jai dift'ere de repondre a I'honneur de la 
Voire du 19^ fevrier, dans 1 'Intention de 
remercier en menie terms Messieurs les Trus- 
tees de ce qu'ils ont eu la bonte de se charger en 
egard de ma recomendat" des fraix du Trans- 
port des sus dits sept Colonistes, de Francfort 
jusqu' en Georgie. 

Mais comme cet Avis tarde beaucoup a venir, 
je n'ai pas voulu differer plus longtems de 
Vous prier Monsieur, de remercier Mess", les 
Ti-ustees de ma part de tants des bienfaits, 
dont ils ont comble ces gens la jusquici, et de les 
assurer, que, tant que je serai vivant; je ne man- 
guerai jamais de contribuer de mon mieux et 
tant que mes forces me peraiettront, a I'ac- 
croissement d'Ebenezer. 

Jusqu a present il y a eu des bons Coeurs, 
qui n'ont pas refuse de securir de leurs biens 
notre cber Ebenezer, et j 'espere d'en trouver 
aussi a I'avenir, car less Sources de Dieu cont 

Correspondence 259 

Letter from Samuel Urlsperger. 

toujours pleines d'Eau. Come j'ai remis depuis 
pen a Mons^ le Predicateur de la Cour Ziegen- 
liagen £470. — pour notre clier Ebenezer. 

L 'Affection que Messieurs les Trustees por- 
tent tant pour la Colonie en general, que parti 
culierement pour la Communaute d 'Ebenezer 
est si grande, qu'il seroit superflu, de la recom- 
mander ausu pour I'avenir & prineipalement 
en cela, que Mons^ Boltzius obtienne un Secours 
extraordinaire pour la Construction de samai- 
son; cependant la Cliarite ne me permet pas d'y 
ananquer: C'est pourquoy je prietre's Immble- 
ment Mess'^ les Trustees de eontinuer 1 'affec- 
tion et la bone Volonte qu'ils ont tant de fois 
temoignees si bien aux Pasteurs qu' a leur 
Troupeau, et de faire cliaritablement quelque 
reflexion aux tres humbles demandes de Mons"". 
Boltzius; Dieu nieme ayant montre qu'il etoit 
avec ce Ministre sage, fidel et inf atigable, comme 
avec son Collegue en touttes Glioses. 

a I'Egard d'un uouveau Transport, dont Mes- 
sieurs les Ministres et la Communaute' ont ecret 
a Monsieur le General Oglethorpe, a Messieurs 
les Trustees et a moi. ]\Ionsieur Ziegenhagen 
m'en a appris la Eesolution que Mess", les Trus- 
tees ont donnee le 24^ JiuUet de cet amiee. 
Ainsi il foudra attendre si les conjonctures ser- 
ont telles, d'y pouvoir envoyer I'anneo pro- 
chaine un nouveau Ti*ansport et s'ils se thouve- 
ront non soulement des gens, qui veuillent y 
aller, mais encore d'autres, qui par leurs Chari- 
tes les veuillent defrayer d'ici jusqu'a Londres. 

260 Colonial Records 

Letter from Samuel Urlsperger. 

Ayant deja piiblie dans la foire de S'. Michel 
la troisieme Continuation des Relations speciel- 
les des Emigi'ans de Saltzbonrg, qui se sont 
etablis en Amerique, dont j 'ar dedie la premiere 
Partie a Messieurs les Trustees et a la Societe, 
je prens la liberte de Vous prier Monsieur, qu' 
en cas qu'on imprime on qu'il vienne quelpue 
chose au jour en Angleterre de la Colonic Geor- 
gie, soit en taille douce au autrementk de me le 
communiquer par Mons^ Ziegeuliagen, pour m' 
en servir dans les Continuations des Relations 
d'Ebenezer. Sur tout :\ronsieur, je souhaitrois 
d 'avoir en double une bonne Carte des Indes 
occidentales, ou bien des Colonies et Provinces 
angloises dans les Indes Occidentales. J'ai 
recu cy devant The General Account de 1732 
jusqu'a 1733 et de 1733 jusqu'a 1734 mais depuis 
ce terns la je n'ai rien \^i ni de cespices ni 

La Faniille, a laquelle Messieurs les Trustees 
ont fait faire leurs Complimens, de 1 'Affection 
qu Elle a jusqu 'a present genereusement, temoi- 
gnee a la Cominunaute d'Ebenezer, est tres 
obligee de leur bon Souvenir et continuant 
d'etre bien intentionee, fut la premiere dans 
ces Contrees, qui de nouveau contribua quelque 
chose pour la ]N[aison de Mons^ Boltzius. 

Si le bruit, qui court, est veritable, il y a de 
rechef plusieurs Centaines, on parte meme de 
six mille hommcs, dans I'Arcbeveche de Saltz- 
bonrg, qui pour 1 'amour de I'Evangile sont 
prets d'emigeer, mars I'Arcbeveque n'aura 

Correspondence 261 

Letter from Samuel Urisperger. 

guarde d'y consentir, cequi next pas etonuant, 
vu le mauvais Etat on son Pais a ete rednit par 
les Emigrations des annees 1732 et 1733, selon 
la E elation de tons nos jMarcliands qui ont 
voyage par la, le Pais ayant perdu ses meil- 
leurs snjets, et plnsieurs Centaines' des Millers 
argent contant, dont lions'", le Banqnier de 
Hoslin a remis dejjuis quelqnes annees a Berlin 
plus que 400/m florins, qui ont ete tires des bien 
des Enigrans etablis en Prusse. Pour cette 
raison il j a eu dans TArclieveche asses long- 
tems des Comissaries de la part du Eoi, qui, 
outre cela, expedia il y trois ans un Eescrit a 
son !\Iinistre de Plotto, qui me le comuniqua 
lui merae, de ce contenu, qu'il vouloit recevoir 
tons les Emigrans de qualle part qu'ils soient, 
a Condition, qu'ils emigrent seulement pour la 
liberte de Conscience et pour la Confession de 
PEvangile, selon lacjuelle ils veulent ser^dr Dieu, 
que pour cette raison on ne veuitte plus les 
tolerer dans leur Partie, et qu'is soient accoutu- 
mes au travail, car il ne vouloit point des faig- 

Au reste je prie Dieu, qu'il veuille toujours 
seconder les Conseils et Entreprises de Mes- 
sieurs les Trustees, pour le Men de la Colonie 
Georgie et particulierent pour celui du clier 
Ebenezer, et parcontre meltre au jourles Intri- 
gues de leurs Ennemis et de les confondre. 

J 'assure Messieurs les Trustees de mes tres 

262 Colonial Records 

letter from Samuel Urlsperger. 

humbles Respects, et siiis tres parfaitement, / 

Votre tres liumble et 

tres obeissant serviteur 

Samuel Urlsperger. 

ce 3. Nov. 1739. 

(Translation of foregoing paper.) 


Having hoped, from day to day, to learn final- 
ly of the happy arrival of the seven colonists in 
Georgia, for which they set out last April, I 
have delayed replying to your favor of the 19tli 
of February ^^ith the intention of thanking at 
the same time the Trustees for all that they 
The arrival have bccu SO kind to charge themselves with in 

of the seven t , i j- r i.i 

colonists in regard to my recommendation oi the expenses 

Georgia. • o i ^ • i 

of transportation ot the above mentioned seven 
colonists from Frankfort to Georgia. But as 
this news is late coming, I have not been willing 
to defer any longer asking you, Sir, to thank 
the Trustees for my part for the many benefits 
with which they have loaded these people to 
this time, and to assure them that so long as I 
maj^ live, I shall never fail to contribute, to the 
best of my ability and so far as my strength 
permits, to the growth of Ebenezer. Up to the 
present time there have been good hearts that 


The solicited 




Letter from Samuel Urlsperger. 

have not refused to assist, to the best of their 
ability, our beloved Ebenezer, and I hope to 
find them also in the future, for the springs of 
God are always full of water. I have lately sent 
to the preacher of the court, Ziegenhagen, £470 
for our dear Ebenezer. 

The great affection which the Trustees bear 
for the colony in general, and especially for the 
community of Ebenezer, is such that it would be 
superfluous to recommend it for the future, and 
principally on this account that M'". Boltzius may 
obtain extraordinary assistance for the con- ffj^^g. ^^ 
struction of his house; however, charity does 
not permit me to fail in this ; it is for this reason 
that I very humbly pray the Tmstees to con- 
tinue the affection and the good will that they 
have so many times exhibited in such pleasing 
manner to the pastors as to their flock, and to 
give charitable consideration to the \ery hum- 
ble request of M^ Boltzius, God, Himself, having 
sho^^^l that He was with that wise, faithful and 
indefatigable minister, as with his colleague, in 
all things. 

In regard to a new shipment, of which the 
ministers and the community have written to 
General Oglethorpe, to the Trustees and to my- 
self, M\ Ziegenhagen has apprised me of the 
resolution passed by the Trustees on the 24th of 
July of this year. It '^'ill be necessary to wait 
and see if circumstances shall be such as to 
enable us to send the next year a new shipment, 
and if there shall be found, not only people who 
are willing to go there, but also others, who of 


Colon irVL. liECOftDs 

Letter from Samuel Urlsperger. 

The special 

their c&arity, may be willing to defray their 
expenses: fronn here to London. 

Having already published in the market of 
S\ Michael the third consecntive statement of 
the special affairs of the emigrants from Saltz- 
bourg who have established themselves in 
America, of which I have dedicated the first 
part to the Trustees and the Society, I take the 
affairs' of liberty of praying you, Sir, that in case there be 

the emi- 

i^Kourl"' Pi'iiited or come to light anything in England 
concerning the colony of Georgia, whether good 
or otherwise, to communicate to me hy ?,P. 
Ziegenhagen, so as to enable me to make use 
of tlie continual statements of the affairs of 
Ebenezer. Above all, Sir, I should like to have, 
in duplicate, a good map of the West Indies, or 
rather of the English colonies and provinces in 
the West Indies. I have received to this time 
the General iVccount from 1732 to 1733, and 
from 173 to 1734, but since that time I have 
had nothing of either these things or others. 

The family to v.'hich the Trustees ha\'e re- 
quested their compliments to be sent, for the 
affection which it has up to the present gener- 
ously shown to the community of Ebenezer, is 
very grateful for their good wishes and for the 
continuance of their good intentions, and was 
the first in these countries which contributed 
anew for the house of M^ Boltzius. 

If the rumor which is going around is true, 
and there are many, there 'will depart about six 
thousand men in the archbishopric of Saltz- 


Letter from Samuel Urlsperger. 

bourg who, for the love of the gospel, are ready Emigration 
to emigrate. But the arch-bishop will hardly the'^r?h-'" 

, . J 1 • T • i • • bishopric of 

give his consent, which is not surprising con- saitzbourg. 
sideriug the bad condition to which his country 
has been reduced by the emigration of the years 
1732 and 1733, according to the statement of all 
the merchants who have traveled this way, the 
country having lost its best subjects, and many 
hundreds of thousands of money, of which the 
banker of Hoslin has made remittances for 
several years to Berlin, amounting to more than 
four hundred thousand florins, which has been 
drawn out for the benefit of the -emigrants 
established in Prussia. For this reason there 
have been in the archbishopric, for a long time, ^he King's 
commissioners on the part of the King who De^piotto. 
besides all this have, for three years, made an 
account to his minister de Plotto, who, even 
himself, conniinnieated to me that he was will- 
ing to receive all the emigrants, from whatever 
part they might be, on condition that they were 
emigrating only for the liberty of conscience 
and for the confession of the gospel according 
to which they wish to serve God, as for that 
reason they could no longer have toleration in 
their country, and also on condition that they 
are accustomed to work, for he does not want 
any idlers. 

As to the rest, I pray God that He will al- 
ways, of His good will, second the counsels and 
enterprises of the Trustees for the good of the 
colony of Georgia, and particularly for that of 
the beloved Ebenozer, and, moreover, that He 

266 GoLONiAii Records 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

will bring to light the intrigues of their enemies 
and confound them. 

I assure the Ti'ustees of my very humble 
respect, and am, ver\' sincerely, Sir, your very 
humble and veiy obedient servant, 

Samuel Urlsperger. 
Augsbourg, 3d November, 1739. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Gen^. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. Eec^. 10 
March 1739. 

Frederica in Georgia 16'\ Nov: 1739. 


The Spaniards have fallen upon Amelia & 
A barbarious killed two Unarmed sick men, one of the Scout 
the Spa/ boats being there took the Alarm & thev and a 


Party from the Garrison pursued the Spaniards 
very briskly. We have not so much as given 
the least Provocation to the Spaniards as yet, 
but most manfully they surprized two poor sick 
men cut off their heads' mangled there Bodies 
most barbarously, and as soon as a Party and 
Boat appeared, which together did not make 
their number, they retired with the utmost 

A number of Scout boats are absolutely neces- 
absoiute?y ^ sarv. The Men of War stationed at Charles 


To'v\Ti can not be here. Smce Cap'. Burrish 


Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

went away, we have had no Man of War except 
Cap*. Fanshaw, and lie did not stay above eiglit 
or ten days. The Launches from ATignstine can 
run into almost every Inlet in the Province, 
therefore it is absolutely necessary that the 
Trustees should apply to Parliament for at 
least five ten Oared Boats, & a Troop of Ean- 
gers, otherwise there will be no possibility of 
the Peoi>les going out to plant without being- 
murdered as those Plighlanders were. The 
Eegiment can defend the Parts they are in, but 
they cannot March on foot over the "Waters 
without boats nor overtake Horse or Indians on 
foot in the vast Woods on the Continent. 

The French have attacked y^ Carolina In- 
dians, and the Spaniards have invaded us, I French at- 

wish it mav not be resolved between them to o'i^a In- 

root y^ English out of America. We here are 
resolved to dye hard, and will not lose one inch 
of ground without fighting, but we cannot do 
Impossibilities, we have no Cannon from the 
King, nor any others but some small Iron Guns 
bought by the Trust. We have very little Pow- 
der, we have no horse for marching & very few 
Boats, and no Fund for paying the men, but of 
one Boat. The Spaniards have a number of 
Launches, also horse, and a fine Train of Artil- 
lery well provided with all Stores. The best iSds^wlii' 
Expedient I can think of, is to strike first, & l-^r?^^" ^°'' 
as our Strength consists in I\Ien, and that the 
people of the Colony as well as the Soldiers 
handle their Arms well and are desirous of 
action, I think the best way is to make use of 

268 Coloxiaij Records 

Town of 

Genl. Og'Iethorpe to the Trustees. 

our Strength & beat them out of the field & 
destroy their Plantations and Out Settlements, 
(in which the Indians who are very faithful 
can assist us) and to form the Siege of Augus- 
tine If I can get Artillery. It is impossible to 
keep this Province or Carolina without either 
destroying Augustine, or keeping Horse dan- 
gers and Scout boats sufficient to restrain their 
nimble Parties. I must therefore again desire 
you would insist for our having an Establish- 
ment of Four Ten Oared Boats to the South- 
ward, and one at Savanah a small Train of 
Artillery, some Gunners, and at least 400 bar- 
rels of Cannon, and 100 of Musquet Powder, 
with Bullets proportionable. 

I am fortifjnng the Town of Frederica, & 
hope I shall be repaid the Expences; from 
fmtifiS^ whom I do not know, yet I could not think of 
leaving a number of good houses & Merch^. 
Goods, and which was more valuable, the Lives 
of Men, Women and children in an open To^vn 
at the mercy of every Party, and the Inhabi- 

tants obliged either to fly to a Fort and leave 


their Effects, or suffer with them. 

M^ Williamson who was appointed to succeed 

M^ Christie in case the latter could make up 

son appoint- his Eccords, has left his Plantation & was re- 
ed recorder. 

moved to Charles Town & settled as a Lawyer 
there before your letters arrived, on the hearing 
that he was ap])ointed Eecorder w^^. a Salary, 
he came back, but did not bring his family with 
him & it was reported in the Town that he in- 
tended to act by Deputy, which he denied to me, 

Correspondence 269 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

but at the same time said lie would not bring 
up his family till after he was declared Recor- 
der, and insisted that the ]\ragistraccs Iniploy- 
ments ought to be held during good behaviour, 
that the Trustees might not turn them oat pre- 
cipitately. I found by his CoTiversation that lie 
was very much of a Lawj^er, and a much better 
Attorney than the Town of Savanuaii vTints, he 
IS likelv to have very good practice al Charles son very 

'' ° -"^ much a 

Town, where the people like him miphtily ^ 1 '^^'J'^^- 
believe it will be much better for liirii to be en- 
couraged there than to be buried at Savannah, 
where the whole Town can hardly ))ay ihe 
charge of one Chancery Suit. Colonel Stephens 
thought y'. according to your orders he coujd 
not deliver him his Constitution till he had 
conformed to them. All things are very quiet 
with the new Magistrates, and I believe will 
continue so, if the Court remains as it is, but 
I believe any Alteration would hurt, unless it 
were the changing Christie for Pye, a very in- 
dustrious young man who writes an exceeding 
good hand, is a pretty good Scholar very honest 
and sober, and is no >Utorney. I am 


Your veiy humble servant 

James Oglethorpe. 

The honoble the Trustees. 

Mr. Pye zs 


CoLOXL\L. Records 

Mr. T. Causton to the Trustees. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Mr. T. Caustox To the Honble the Trustees 
FOR establishing Georgia in America. 22 
Nov. 1739. Rec° 20 March 1739. 

Gentlemen — 

Necessity obliges me to lay before Yonr 

Honours a petition; wherein I have endea- 

An abstract vour'd to set forth, the nature of that employ 

of expendl- , tip -it 

tures. which Your Services demanded oi me, with an 

Abstract of the Reasons for those expences 
which attended it — 

Generall Oglethorpe having particularly de- 
sir 'd and declar'd that nothing else was wanted 
of me, but such Accounts as would shew reasons 
for the expence from the time he last left the 
Colony to the time of his last arrivall in it. An 
Abstract of such Accounts is (only) laid before 
you. — 

I beg leave to acquaint Your Honours, that 
the severall Sumes therein mention 'd to be the 
suppos'd value or x^mount of the respective 
articles, are not suppos'd because the books do 
not shew it: but contrariwise, those Accounts 
are also drawn together, and remain with the 
other Accounts in the Custody of those whom 
Your Honours have comission'd to examine 
them; And by reason (only) that my Access 
to them is denied those Sumes cannot (now) be 
kno^vn by me, neither is it in my power to pro- 
ceed farther, without Your Orders. — 

Access to 
accounts re- 

.r.v... ^ T 


Mr. T. Causton to the Trustees. 

As no just reason can be assigned for so ex- 
traordinary a Proceeding, or to refu.-^e my being 
present at any examination of them, I submit 
to Your Honours how farr, it demonstrates a 
Design, either to prevent the present know- 
ledge of those particulars to You, whereby Ee- a design. 
ports to my prejudice may have greater weight; 
Or that, they are sensible, such Reasons are so 
just, As to invalidate those pretended Crimes 
which has' been already laid to my Charge. — 

As I imagine it of the greatest moment, that 
the reasons for such expences should be fully 
known, As well from the beginning as at the 
end, I shall allways with the most exact duty 
and readiness attend Your Comands; hoping 
that no Secret means (which Calumny or envy 
may have rais'd to divest me of Your favour 
and protection) will be suffered to Succeed. 
And therefore now and at all times Submitt my 
self, as becomes 

Yo' most Dutifull Servant 

T. Causton. 

Savannah Novem. 22^ 1739. 

272 Colonial Eecords 

"Wm. Stephens to the Trustees. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from W^^. Stephens Esq^\ to the Trus- 
tees Acco'^-'^^'^. Mr. Harmax Verelst, to the 
honourable Trustees for establishing the. 
Colony of Georgia at their office near the 
House of Lords at. 

Westminster. Eec°. M.vrch 1739. 

Savannah 25 Nov: 1739. 


Whilst I was earnestly providing materials 
for a Packett to the honourable Trustees, 
wherein I might in some measure perform w\ I 
had in View for their better Information in 
Sundry matters; I rec^ a packett %? Express 
from the General in the South, w'^ various Dis- 
patches, which he left to my Care to forward to 
Carolina: & well knowing of how great con- 
sequence his letters at all times may be sup- 
posed; I cannot miss the first opportunity of 
so doing; without regard to any convenience of 
my own in sending w\ I had to olfer, in com- 
pany with it: but having my Journal ready, I 
would not omit putting that, at least, under 
cover; presuming some things in it may be 
judged worthy the consideration of the honour- 
able Board: &: I shall give my self little rest, 
till I fulfill as I purposed, w^^. all speed, what is 
to follow: w^^. possibly may overtake this yet 
at Charles Town, or however be but little be- 
hind it. Then I shall take due Notice of the 

Correspondence 273 

Copy of Affidavit of Wm. Smith. 

several Directions I rec''. in the letters of the 

14'\ & 16^\ of July by Cap^ Thomson the very 

next day after date of mine to yon, w"^ was the 

6'^ of Oct^ & w**". I hope you'll receive. Since 

that time vre hear of no Ships yet arrived from 

England; but I hope we may shortly, now the Sm^^^^ 

Season is come that usually brings them; when he"a1-d'i)*f 

I shall also wish for letters from my Son; 4 

Months' being near past since he went hence: 

& as he left me with assurance of returning, I 

have no reason to doubt it, nor your kind Coun- JJ^ no^t^'^^"^ 

tenance & Aid in promoting it, whom in many ^^^^^ ^^^^' 

instances I stand so much obliged to You'll look 

on what I now write to be in a hurry : my next 

shall not be so from 

Dear S'. 

Your very humble Sei^ant 

Will: Stephens. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

GoPY OF W^. Smith's Affida\t:t relating to 
"W^^. Pope's Purch^*^ the King's Stores. 
sent with Letter from Theop^. Hethering- 
t N. 1 DeqER. 173:9. Eec^. 20 March 1739 

Savanah ss. 

William Smith Carpenter on board the Snow 
Defiance, Deposeth that being this day Ex- 
amin'd as an Evidence, concerning a Parcell of a^wTtn 

Smith, a . 
examined &a 



CoLoxiAL Records 

Copy of Affidavit of Wm. Smith. 

A parcel of 
the King's 
nails found 
in posses- 
sion of Wil- 
liam Pope. 

'Nails brought by William Pope late Master of 
said snow, on board the said Vessell, whilst she 
lay at Port Royal, in inarch last, W\ Nails being 
eharg'd to Capt^ Davis by said Pope, of w"\ the 
said Davis not knowing thereof, was the occa- 
sion of this Departments being call'd as an 

And this Deponant further sayeth that he 
was Carpenter on board the said Snow. Defy- 
ance, at the time said Pope bro'. on board the 
said Snow about March last a large parcell of 
severall Sorts of Nails upon w^\ this Deponant 
preceiv'd a broad Arrow, under the head, and 
thereupon told the said Pope they were the 
Kings Nails, and ask'd liim where he had them. 
THie said Pope made Answer he knew they were 
the Kings Nails but they wou'd serve his pur- 
pose well enough. And farther said he got 
them on board the Transport Pink calPd the 
three Brothers, Capt". Yeomans commander 
then lying at the said Port — 

William Smith. 

Swora this 21^^'. Octob^ 
1739 — before me 
Tho^ Christie. 

Tiie above is a true Copy of an Affidavit 
sworne before me the date above Men- 

Tho^ Christie 


Correspondence 275 

Theops. Hetherington to the Trustees. 

(From B, P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from Theop^. Hetherington to the 
Honourable the Trustees for establishing 
CoLLONY OF Georgia in America at their 
office at Westminster. London 
RecI^. 20 March 1739 

Savanali Town in 
Georgia Decemb^,l'^ 1739. 

May it please your Hon". 

It is with some Reluctaney I send to the Hon- 
ourable Board on this occasion, nor wou'd I be 
thought any ways troublesome, tho' were to 
suffer the greatest Inconveniences. Your 
Hon", are verj^ sensible, have never troubled 
you with, but one Letter since have been in this 
Collony, tho' have had great reason to lay be- 
fore you, many things W^. hath prov'd greatly 
detrimental, but not being well assur'd, how it 
might be reced, have hitherto declin'd it — the 
affair that I now lay before your Honours, I 
Innnagining to be of some consequence, thought 
proper to transmit, that the Honourable Board 
might Inspect into. — 

The Grand Jur>' Setting the 29^^ Nov^ last 
and appointing me their Foreman, the said 
Grand Jury having an affid. brought before f{,e'^King's 
'em concerning one William Pope, who had pur- ^rf^purcS-" 
ehas'd some Xaval Stores belonging to his I'am Pope. 
Majesty, suppos 'd, from some person, that were 
entrusted with 'em, (viz*.) a Quantity of Nails 

276 CoLoxiALi Records 

Trial of 

Theops. Hetherington to the Trustees. 

■with the Kings Mark thereon, the said Grand 
Jury having* examin'd two Witnesses (Viz'.) 
Calib Davis & William Smith, (being first 
Sworn) the latter having deelar'd that the said 
Pope knew them to be Kings Stores, when re- 
ceiv'd, Calib Davis depos'd that the said Pope 
had endeavour 'd to sell the said Nails to him, 
but he finding them to be the Kings Stores, 
wou'd not have any thing to do with 'em — The 
Majority of the Grand Jury being Seven, (the 
whole consisting in the number of thirteen) 
found cause to present the said Pope, and ac- 
cordingly he was presented for purchaseing and 
converting to his own use the aforemention'd 
fj'^'^- Naval Stores, the property of the King, the 
Grand Jury in the Interim having sent to M'". 
Thomas Jones third Bailiff e for some of the 
Nails, to Examine, but was refus'd the Same. — 
The presentment having been brought into 
Court, and W. Christie (who still Acts as Re- 
corder) being Indispos'd, M"". Jones supply 'd 
his place. But not so much as read the present- 
ment to the Court, nor consulted the other 
Majestrat's therein, tho present, Bu[tom] Al- 
ledging that the Grand Jury had no power to 
present, unless twe[lve] of them had agreed. 
The Grand Jury having- intended the present- 
m[ent] only to Inform the Court that such a 
thing was, tho' there was [no] Affidavit made 
a considerable time before, the Coppy of w^\ 
have he [torn] enclos'd I thought proper to lay 
this before the Honourable Bo[ard] as well in 
duty to his Majesty as in Obedience to your 
Honour [torn] 

Correspondence 277 

Theops. Hetherinston to the Trustees. 

Money due 

Colonel William Stevens, Informd your Hon- 
ours were pleas 'd to send to liim, concerning a 
debt due from me to John Murcot in England. 
I do assure Your Hon"^. wou'd pay it with a 
gTeat deal of pleasure were it in my power, it 
being very just, but have a considerable sume of 
Mony, due to me from the Collony on Account 
of M"". Eoger Lacv deceas'd, (I havins: married on account 

, . „,, T . , " . ^ Of Mr. Roger 

Ills \\idow) but cannot receive a Shilling. I ^eli's^ed '^^" 
believe your Honours may have heard of the 
Services M^ Lacey hath done for the Collony. 
by going as Agent to the Indian Nation twice, 
likewise settling a Town and building a Fort at 
Augusta Imploying Ten of his own :\Ien for a J^^- ^^^f^^j. 
great many Months — and before that his en- AuJSs?a\Vd 
deavours at his own Settlement (Thunderbolt) '^^^^^^^^^^■ 
were very considerable — first his Experiment 
on the pot Ash cost him a great deal of Mony, 
and afterwards building a large Fort, v,-ithout 
any expence to the Collony, \v'^ for a consider- 
able time was the Fronteer likewise clearing 
Sixty Acres of Land and building a very hand- 
some House thereon, the planting of w'^. Land 
for two Seasons prov'd likcAvise detrimental. 
The greatest Crop he ever made being 130 
bushells of Corn and 15 of peas, the Intrinsick 
Value of w'\ being about Is . 4d p bush^'. being 
sold in Carolina for lOd. tliis Com cost him the 
Labour of eight able Men for above Six ^Months, 
so that it wou'd turn to no account but rather a 
very great loss. M^ Lacy hath Expended above 
£500 in tliis Collony upon his Land, and other 
Experiments as mention 'd before, nor did ever 
any Man take more pains in the province then 

278 CoLONLUL. Kecoeds 

Mr. Christie to the Trustees. 

himself, considering he went entirely upon his 
ovm Substance, and I am very soriy to Ac- 
quaint your Hon"^. that his Successor is undone 
by it I hope the Honourable Board will pardon 
this trouble given, it being the first time, in any 
thing of this nature tho' have often thought it 
my duty to write, but was afraid of disoblig- 
ing, and beg leave to Subscribe my self 

Your Hon", most Obed^ and most 

devoted humble Serv*. 

Theophi^ Hetherington. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 
Me, Christie to the Trustees for establishing 


Office at Westminster London. Rec^ 
20 March 1739. London. 

Savanah Town 

Georgia Decembe' 2*^. 1739. 

My Lords and Gentlemen. 

I return you thanks for the Honour you have 

done me, in Nominating me first Bailiffe in the 

Mr Henry poom of M^ HeuFs^ Parker, removed from that 

Parker re- ^ '' 

^fficf o/"^™ office as likewise for the Commission in Examin- 
ing the Publick Accounts, and Issueing the Cash, 
but it is with a great deal of concern I have seen 
few of your Ord". t^ke place in this Collony, 
neither M'. Jones nor ^P. Stevens have thought 
fit to consult me upon one or the other — 

First Bailiff. 

Correspondence 279 

Mr. Christie to the Trustees. 

I am at this time ver\" 111, and to point out 
to your Honours the reason for such their be- 
haviour I must beg leave to defer it to a few 
days longer, at w'^*'. time I shall transmit to your 
Hon'■^ a full and ample Account of such tran- 
sactions, as I am persuaded will surprise ye, W. 
Fallowfield and M^ Jones have been Sworne in 

:Mr. Fallow- 

Bailiffs according to your Hon'^. directions M'. heVd and* 
Fallowfield appears to be very agreeable to the Bailiffs. 
peoples Inclinations. But M^ Jones's be- 
ha\'iour seems to be brutal and Arbitary that it 
appears shocking to the People an Instance of 
one part of his Irregular Practice have referr'd 
to M'. Theophilus Iletherington (then Foreman 
of the grand Jury) to represent to your Hon'"\ 
wherein one Pope was presented for converting 
to his own use Naval Stores, the said ]\r. Jones 
Acting very partially therein — I have not been 
admitted to take my place as first Bailift'e, but 
M'. Parker is continued notwithstanding his be- 
ing dismiss 'd by your Hon". I have now made 
up the records and Col : Stevens will Transmit 
ye a. Letter from me w*^. the records verj" soon. 
I have been a long time harrass'd w'^. Sickness, 
beg your Hon", will excuse me till am able to 
enlarge &■ remain y* Hon", most Obed'. Serv^ 

Tho. Christie. 

280 Colonial Records 

Mr. Wm. Hopton to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from Mr. W'^^ Hoptox to the Acco'^-'^^'^, 
Mr. Harman Verelst^ to the Trustees. 
Rec^. 18 March 1739. 

Charles Town Decem^ y^ 7'\ 1739. 

This encrease of your trouble is to acknow- 
ledge Receipt of your fav"". of y^ 14*''. Septem'. 
with a Packet for Col. Stephens & a box for His 
Excellency General Oglethorpe both which I'll 
duly foward to Georgia %9 first safe Conveyance 
that offers, Capt°: Ayres did not arrive here 
with 'em 'till y". 5'\ Inst\ 

I'm oblig'd to y^ Trustees for y^ Honour. 

They do me in consigning their Parcels & Lres 

letters from to me that comc b3^ wav of Charles Town to be 

the Trustees " 

wiSf^Hop*"* forwarded to Georgia, & entreat the favour of 
ton. Yq^ ^q inform there Ilon^^ that the Trust they 

repose in me therein shall be duly & faithfully 


Of the Lres I reced with Yo'''. to be a°d in 
Charles Town that for M^ Anderson I imediate- 
ly deliver'd him, but those for Capt : Xevinson 
of the Hawke & W. Chetw^md Furzer Midship- 
m'an on board her, I now return you inclosed. 
They being I suppose ^ this time in England as 
she sail'd hence about y^ middle of October. 

Tlie 3*^. Instant I reced & forwarded a Packet 
from His Excellency Gen'. Oglethoi-j^e to The 

Correspondence 281 

James Oglethorpe to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

An attack 

jjoj^bie^ Trustees, & another from Col Stephens 
for your good self, ^ y^ Endeavour Alex^ Hope 
M'. for London; The Gentleman that delivered 
'em to me came express from His Excellency 
to our Lienten*. GoYern^ with an Acco\ that dfan?\t^°" 
two of the M*^ at Fort Amelia were kill'd, & a ^'"^ """^^^'^ 
third carry 'd away alive, supposed by Florida 
Indians, & that His Excellency was gone in pur- 
suit of 'em. 

This Province is now in healthy & quiet State 
& not much afraid of y^ Spaniards. I am 


, Your most Hum^ Sei*^^ant 

' - W°^. Hopton. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 
James Oglethorpe to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

Frederica 29'\ DeC" : 1739. 

I have received from Captain Thomson Sev- 
eral things, amounting in the whole to £686 .. 16 
.. 4. of which great part is for the Serv^ice of the 
Trust, a great part of the Account it self is a 
voucher of its having been applied, as that to the 
Boats &c^ That to the Eangers is in part of an 
old Debt due by y^ Trustees to them. As many 
of these Articles as the Tmstees think proper 
to charge to their account, I empower you to 
receive from them; the rest you will post to my 


Coloxluj Eecords 

James Oglethorpe to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

Account. I shall send you a farther Explana- 
tion of how these things are applied pursuant 
to the Trustees Orders. I have wrote at large 
to them by this occasion. M^ Horton will ex- 
plain all Affairs here and can give a very clear 
light into them. 

In Cai^tain Thomsons former acco" : of £110 
which the Trust refused to pay; That which I 
took in order to give the Spaniards, in case we 
had had a Treaty with them, and which Pres- 
ents are a necessary Expence, and part of the 
Support of the Civil Government, as all matters 
of Negociations are, is not now necessaiy, be- 
cause we have no Friendship with them; so as 
the things are here I will receive them, and you 
may charge that £7 .. 1 .. 7 to me. 

As for the Credit given to Shopkeepers, it is 

what the Trust always nsed to do, and what 

Credit given ^^^^^' Lcttcrs approve of, Setting up People in 

shopkeepers. "d„„:„ ji i j i ,-, ^ 

i^usmess that they may sell at reasonable 
prices, and thereby take off the trouble from the 
Store. I therefore ordered Credit to be given 
to Philip and Anne Courtney, who were recom'- 
mended by my Lord Egmont, and to 
Abbot an old Widow Woman that came with the 
first people here. Abbot has paid 4CP. back, 
Courtney has paid some little on account, and 
the Trustees cannot think that to set up Shop- 
keepers in this Town is no Concern of the 
Publieks, but is a personal Aft^iir of mine. It 
can be no personal Affair of mine, since, I have 
no benefit from it, it is the business of the Pub- 
lick to Support the Town and has been alwavs 

Credit a use 
ful charity. 

Correspondence 283 

James Oglethorpe to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

judged a useful Charity to put poor people into 
an honest way of earning their Livelyhood by 
small Credits. 

With respect to the £58 .. — delivered to M''. 
M'Intosh at Darien, it was to support y^ Inhabi- 
tants of Darien with Cloathing, and delivered to 
the Trustees Store there, for which the Indi- 
viduals are indebted to the Trust, Part of it 
was paid in discharge of Service done to the 
Trustees in building, Part is still due and Some 
do pay and are ready to i3ay, which you may see 
by the Darien Accounts. I am perswaded that 
when the Trust considers this they will find that 
I have nothing to do ^^'ith it, and more particu- 
larly, that some part of this very money has 
been paid for in Timber for building the Chap- 

The £6 .. 13 .. 6 charged to M"". Carteret was by 
him paid for by bill of Exch^. which I sent home 
to You. This is all that I can say upon that 
account, which I understand to be part of the 
Charge of the last Year, excepting that I would 
som'c what farther explain that the Goods for 
the Shopkeepers, were taken into the Trustees 
Store, and part issued to them, and part re- 
tained in order to be issued, as they made Pay- 
ments. And if they did not make paym'^ then 
the Eemainder was not issued to them, but 
issued to others, and the Same paid into the 
Trustees Account. By the payments arising 
from Debts due to the Trustees, the Debts con- 
tracted have been lessened, and several Build- 
ings and Publick Works have been paid for by 

284 CoLoxL4L Records 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

Labour done in pajinent of tliose Debts, partieu- 
^Snt°of larly the building of the Barracks, and tliese 
Goods stand in the same light as many others 
taken in and issued in that manner; therefore I 
think the Trustees' cannot refuse paying Cap- 
tain Thomson for them, & they in the general 
Account will find that they have Credit from 
the persons to whom they are issued. Cap*. 
Thomson will have a Declaration from M'. 
M'Intosh and from M^ ^liite that these Goods 
have been received, and that the Trustees have 
Credit for the Same. I am 


; Your very humble Servant 

James Oglethorpe. 

M'. Harman Verelst. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from Gex^. Oglethorpe to the T'rus- 
TEEs, dated DecP\ 29, 1739. Rec^. May 2, 1740 

Frederica 29'\ Deer. 1739. 


I send this by M^ Horton whom there is no 
need of recommending to you. You know his 
thrSvince behaviour when he commanded the Southern 

in Gen. Ogle- ^... n ,-, -r^ • • ki t 

thorpe-s ab- Divisiou of the Provinco m mv Absence, i 


could not think of a way more likely to acquaint 
You with the whole Particulars of the Province, 

Mr. Horton's 


Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

than by sending him home, vrho can explain 
every thing. I was in hopes to have sent you all 
the Accounts, but have been intolerably plagued 
by the backwardness of y^. Clerks. I have been 
obliged to imploy my own Secretary, Moore, in 
almost every thing, though writing for me is 
full one Man's work, and I can to this minute 
get nothing finished by the others, nor any other 
Account than that Cash Book which he kept. ^ general 
To give a general Idea of the Accounts, there is Sun^ts*.^® 
three distinct terms of time, one before my 
Arrival, which you have put into an excellent 
method by appointing Commissioners to state. 
Some debts due in that Term to persons who 
must have been ruined if not paid, I have paid, 
the Commissioners ha\4ng acquainted me that 
they were justly due. and M^ Jones hath prom- 
ised me to transmitt the Eeport, which if you 
approve of, you will pay what I have advanced, 
to Mr. Verelst on my Account. 

The Second term of time is from my xVrrival 
to the time of recei\'ing Your Establishment, 
during which time I proceeded in the Dark, hav- 
ing only this general Eule to go by, not to make 
any expences as I could avoid, and at the same 
time not to neglect doing those things which 
were necessary for the preservation of the 
Colony, amongst them, the taking the German 
Servants which came over by Captain Thomson, 
and the lending their Passages to such persons 
as were desirous thereof & were capable of 
maintaining them, and keeping the rest for the 
Trust, I thought an absolute necessary measure 

286 Colonluj Records 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

for tlie Service of the Colony, since it not only 
increased it with so many able bodied indus- 
trious People, but it would have been a Cruelty 
to turn the poor People a starving into other 
Provinces, and have prevented the being able to 
procure more Germans & thereby aug-menting 
His Majesty's Subjects, by the Accession of 
Foreign Protestants. I hope therefore that this 
Step will be approved of, and that You will 
order Captain Thomson to be paid the Passage 
of those Servants. 

As I promised to You when I first arrived, I 
have maintained the Colony for the year, and 
think it will come within the £5,000 as I guessed 
at first. I drew upon M^ Verelst who had Cash 
of mine, and mentioned in y^ Letters of Ad\^ce 
generally, the Ser\ices for which those Bills 
were drawn. The proper Vouchers showing 
that the money was applied to the Publick 
Service according to the Trustees Maxims for 
Improving and Settling the Colony, shall be sent 
Gen. Ogle- ovcr as soou as ever I can get the Clerks to draw 

thorpe's . 

ped'itionl'. them out in order. But a journey m open Boats 
to Charles Town, a Journey by Land for several 
hundred miles, over many wide Elvers to the far 
Indian Nations, and the Preparations for Invad- 
ing the Spaniards and making Inroads upon 
them, have took up so much of my time that I 
have not been able to do the Business my self, 
nor can I prevail with others to do it for me. If 
I come back alive from this Expedition, I will 
labour at the Accounts and do not doubt to settle 
them' & the Province upon a good foot of Oeco- 


Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

nomy. I hope you will make good to W. Verelst 
those payments that I have made here upon the 
"Trusts' acco*. and thereby replace the money I 
drew from him. 

There will be, this year, over and above your 
Establishment several Expences necessary for 
the presei-ving of the Colony. The small Garri- a garrison 
son of a Captain and ten men a Fort Augusta Fort ' 
will be necessarj' to be continued, since we can- 
not weaken the Regiment by sending a Detach- 
ment to so great a Distance as 300 miles. The 
Regiment of Foot that is here, is not suflicient 
to make War in ^'^ Woods bv Land & overtake 


Indians or horsemen, therefore I have 'been mailed on 

' for as- 

obliged to call down our Indian Alles, they ^stance. 

have very readily assisted me, but whilst they 
lose their hunting & Corn Season for our De- 
fence, we are forced to give them food. Arms, 
Aminunition & some Cloathing, which they wo*^. 
otherwise buy with Skins which they get by 
hunting. Their Leaders and Interpreters have 
certain allowances, I sent you over them for the 
Creek & Cherokees, those for the Chickesaws, 
Uchees, and Yamacraws have the same. Horse- 
men also I am obliged to raise &: have order 'd 
60 Rangers, Their Establishm". ]\P. Horton has 
with him. The Settlements must all have been 
destroyed and the Communication between the 
Troops cut otf, when y^ Spaniards attacked ?ion of^The" 
Amelia, if I had not armed out Boats, which I of the settie- 

' ^ ments. 

did in the cheapest manner, taking no more men 
upon her than just enough to navigate them, and 
even sa\'ing this Expence upon some by imploy- 


CoLONL\L Records 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

driven out 
of the St. 


ing the Trust's Highland Serv'^: whom M'. 
M'lntosh and W. Mackay had taught to row; 
the rest of the men are Soldiers, to whom we 
only allow prov'. during y® time they are on 
board. Thus the Colony Periagua is fitted out 
with 4 Guns, rows with 20 men, & carries 20 
more, so that ha^nng 40 men she is able to en- 
gage a Spanish Launch, stands only in the wages 
of a Commander, a Patroon and Six men. the 
rest of the 40 being Soldiers, of whom only them 
that row have Provisions. By these boats I 
have drove the Spaniards out of the Eiver S-. 
Jolms; can, when I will, land in Florida, as well 
as protect this Colony and Carolina, which with- 
out them would be entirely exposed, as by the 
sad accident at Amelia, when we had only two 
Boats in service too plainly appeared. 

The Forts that I built were run to ruin, being 
mostly of earth, having no means to repair them, 
and having also orders not to fortify. Upon the 
Hostilities being committed, I thought I should 
be answerable for the blood of these people be- 
fore God and man if I had left them open to be 
surprized by Spanisb Indians and murdered in 
the night and their houses burnt, and if I did 
not take all proper means for their Defence they 
being under my Charge. I therefore began to 
fortify Frederica and inclose the whole Town, 
in whicli there are some very good Houses. It 
is half an Hexagon, with two Bastions, and two 
half Bastions and Towers after Monsieur Yau- 
ban's method upon the point of each Bastion. 
The Walls are of Earth faced w^\ Timber, 10 


Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

foot liigli, in the loTrest place and in the highest 
13, and y* Timbers from 5 Inches to 12 Inches 
thick. There is a wet Ditch 10 foot wide, and so 
laid out that if We had an allowance for it I can 
by widening the Ditch double y* thickness of the 
Wall, and make a covered way. I hoi>e in three 
months it will be entirely finished, and in that 
time not only to fortify here, but to repair the 
Forts on Amelia and Saint Andrews. The Ex- 
pence of these small above mentioned Works 
(w^^. is all that I can now make, will not be great, 
Frederica will come within £500, S'. Andrews 
£•400 and Amelia £100. I made an Inroad into 
the Spanish Florida bv the help of the Boats 

* An effort to 

drove ihem to take Shelter in their Forts, & kept fh^sSn-^^ 
the field several days, parties of Indians killing sght. ^° 
their Cattel &c*: even to within a few miles of 
Augustine ; but could not provoke them to fight. 
I am going to make another Inroad, and trust in 
-God it will daunt them so that we shall have full 
time to fortify, and if the people of Carolina 
would assist Us heartily, we might take Augus- 
tine, to which these frequent Inroads may pave 
the way, for they dishearten their people, make 
us acquainted with the Countrey and encourage 
the Soldiers by living on the Enemy's Cattel 
and Provisions. 

I hope if the Trustees will represent the 
necessity of the above Expences to Parliament, 
the House will grant to them sufficient to defrav fCnds a^cer- 
the Estimates of them, Or if the Parliament ti"p to the 

thinks this Expence too much for the preserving 
this Colony, I hope they will withdraw both the 


2^ Colonial. Records 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

Colony and the Regiment, since without these 
necessary preparations they will be exposed to 
certain Distmction. I am 


Your verj^ humble ser^^ant 

James Oglethorpe. 

The honble the Trustees. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from General Oglethorpe to the Trus- 
TEs. Rec^ 2 May 1740. 

Frederica 29^^^ December 1739. 

There were 69 heads of Germans Servants 

delivered by Captain Thomson to different Per- 

s^e'i^ms de- ^^^^ ^^ Georg-ia upon Credit, which I find did 

uv^ered upon ^ot appear to the Committee of Accounts to be 

chargeable on the Trust by any Evidence by him 


The first was a Family of 5^,^ heads, Ser- 
vants to ]\P. Christie, he has an open Account 
with the Trustees as Recorder, & there has been 
Orders from the Trustees relating to Servants 
for the ^lagistrates there. 

The Second is one delivered to M"". Matthews, 
whose wife was "Widow of M^ Musgrove, Inter- 
preter to the Indians, as She her Self is now. 

Correspondence 291 

Genl. Ogrlethorpe to the Trustees. 

The passage of this Servant was given to them 
as a Eecompence for Ser\dces with the Indians, 
and for an Indian Servant belonging to them, 
killed in the Disputes w'\ Watson. 

Andrew Duclie is the Potter at Savannah who 
goes on ver\' well there, is one of the most in- fo^^l chiSa 
"dustrious in the Town, & has made Several Ex- Andrew 

Duche, the 

periments, which seem to look like the making potter. 
of China, he had two Servants whom he breeds 
to the Potter's Trade. 

The two servants to the Widow Harris are 
paid for. 

Bailiff Parker's Servant depends upon the 
Trustees orders relating to the Magistrates. 

Those delivered M"". Bolzius were Families, 
in which there were m^any immarried young 
women, the Congregation of Saltzburghers de- 
sired they might be left there, there being many 
unmarried men, and no unmarried Women. 
They believed that several would take them for 
Wives, and that such as did would pay the 
Passage into the hands of M"". Bolzius to remain 
there for the Trustees Directions, I hoping they 
would apply it to the maintenance of the Or- 
phanhouse at Ebenezer, and as such be a usefull 
Benefaction to the Saltzburghers. They amount 
to 11 heads, some are married, and they all have 
behaved rery well, as M'. Bolzius informs me. 

M'. Fallo^rfield has been a very active Inhabi- 
tant of the Colony, has settled here at his o^vn l^^M,^clnrta- 
Expence, and expended a great deal of money, 
and was Constable, he thought he had a Preten- 

292 CoLoxiAx. Kecoede 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

sion to have Servants from the Trustees upon 
the footing of Constable, according to former 
Letters, by Tvhich they gave Servants to make 
up the time which the Officers imployed in the 
Publick Service. 

Noble Jones and M'. Causton undertook to 
maintain their Servants and bonded for the 
Payment of them. West did y^ same, and one of 
them is returned to y^ Trustees being a "Wheel- 
wright, and a necessary man for their Service. 

M"". Mouse has a family of 5 Children, is a 
very industrious man and was the only Inhabi- 

Mr. Mous© 

and family taut that stavcd UDon the Island of Skidoway 

the only ^ ± j 

SMtS^is'iind ^^^ 0^ ^^^ families, therefore the giving him 
Skidoway. ^j.^^^ f^^, ^j^.g gej.^^j^t J intended to recom- 
mend to the Trustees as an Encouragement to 
Out Planters. 

M^ Perkins is a Magistrate of Frederica, and 

Mr. Perkins, . ^ . 

of^fvederfca ^ Credit upou the Store upon this years 


M*". Hawkins has paid for his Ser^^ants. 

Walker works upon the Fortification, and is 
willing to pay for the passage of his Servant out 
of his "Work. 

Walset is a good Planter, has a large Family, 
came at his own Expence from Gennany, and 
has dem'anded on the Trustees for a Debt in M^ 
Causton's time, and has Sixty Bushells of Com, 
ready to be delivered the Trustees this year, and 
they want Corn to feed their Servants and 

Correspondence 293 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 


Upon the whole, at that time there was a 
disgust to white Sei*\'ants artfully fomented 
by the Neorro Merchants. The Ti'ustees had sei^-ams 

•' ° artfully 

stopt all Payments, and the People were difti- ^^^^^l^"^ ^^ 

dent of getting Provisions for themselves, there- "^^^*^^^"^=- 

fore did not care to take Servants, least they 

conld not feed them. I was glad therefore to 

get people that could feed them and would take 

them, but yet there remain Several that no body 

would take. Those I placed in a Village, lent 

them Provisions, and they gave their own Bonds 

for their Passages. Some of them, it is true, 

are dead, some have throve and the Colony is 

increased by that number, and the Germans 

seem to take more to planting than the English Germans 

do. I should think therefore that there is not pfanters thai 

a better Service can be done to the Colony than 
paying the Passage for them, taking it up again 
according as they can pay, and thereby dis- 
charging the Establishments here, and lessen 
the Trustees Eemittances so much. Those who 
dye, indeed, will be a Loss to the Trust, but then 
by those who live, the Province will require so 
many planting Families. The Bonds were con- 
tinued in the name of Captain Thomson, be- 
cause that I believed the people would more 
willingly pay to him than to the Publick, and 
that he might upon his coming back push for 
Payment and he will give you account of what 
Payments he has been able to get. I am 

Gentlemen / Your very humble servant. 

James Oglethoi-pe. 


294 Colonial Eecords 

John Fallowfield to the Trustees. 

P. S. The necessity of acting on tHis breach 

with the Spaniards obliged me to take Captain 

Thomson's Long Boat do^\Ti with me, & prevent- 

capt Thorn- ^^ ^7 IHspatching him till I returned from the 

usefJh'^^ Frontiers; so that he could get his discharge 

from me but this day. His hands have been very 

usefuU in helping to fit out our Boats as' you 

- will see by his Account. 

The honble the Trustees. 

(From B. P. E. O., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

(Without date.) 

Letter from John Fallowfield to the Hon- 
ourable THE Trustees for establishing the 
CoLLONY of Georgia at their Office at West- 
minster December, 1739, Eec^. 20 March 
1739 London. 


May it please your Hon*^. 

The great & unexpected favour w^". your 
^f'^SnT'"' Hon'•^ were lately pleased to Confer on mee, by 

bailiffs for • i- i -n -t nn n ;i m 

Savannah. appoiutmg luce socoud Baililie for the Town of 
Savannah, Cannot suffiscienly Acknowledge. It 
is v,'^^. some Confusion, I take upon mee a place, 
that am not very *[well] Qualified. But as it is 
the -ttdll of your Hon", it should be so shall think 

♦Original torn. 

Correspondence 295 

John Fallowfield to the Trustees. 

my self in Duty bound to Discharge y\ office, w'^. 
the Utmost Justice, and Imi:)artiality, according 
to the best of my Understanding, and as I know 
my own Deficiency, shall use the best of my 
Endeavours, to sett aside y\ Defect by applica- 
tion and Studdy, shall likewise think it Incum- 
bant on mee to Loose no Opertunity in letting 
your hon". know the proceedings of this place 
M"". Tho^ Christye late recorder has not yet l>een 
admitted to take * [place] as first Bailiff e, Not- 
withstanding he has made up his E^cords I 
am told %? him Self. But W. Henry Parker is 
Continued as Usuall, M"". Williamson on the 
receipt of your Letter Came from South Carro- 
lina here and apply 'd to Coll AY"". Stevens * [to] 
obtain his Comission being appointed by your 
Hon"^. Recorder But was Eefused the same when 
I was present with him. The peop[le] here f^.^^J^™-^' 
seem to Eesent the affair c^' Intimate as much as 
if it were a Contrivd thing between the s'\ Coll 
Stevens and M^ Tho\ Jones Third Bailiffe, to 
keep M^ Henry Parker on the Bench in order to 
bring there own points to Bare, and add that 
they think it a great Indignity offerd to your 
Hon"^. as well as Injustice to Themselves in not 

Effort to 

Obeying your Commands M'. "Williamson Being He1?r>^' 
a Man verry Capable, farther alledgiug that if rhy^^bTnch. 
they presume to Disobey your orders in a thing 
y*. they Could no wayes hinder, being made pub- 
lic. They Mean the people Cannot hope for any 
Knowledge of your Hon". Instructions wlierein 
the s^ parties can keep y". private. I being at 

♦Original torn. 

296 Colonial Eecoeds 

John Martin Bolzius to Mr. Henry Newman. 

an Uncertainty wlieatlier your lion"^. may think 
it Consistant w'^. my place to represent the 
opinions of the people in Things of this Nature, 
shall at present proceed no farther on that sub- 
ject only seeing the Confusion that it now Makes 
and the bad Consequence that may attend 
thought it proper to Submit it to the ^vise 
Consideration of the board An affair hapened 
wherein M'". Thos. Jones Third Bailiffe and Cash 
keeper Disallowed of Mr. Thos. Christye being 
Disapproval Alaiestrate & Coll Stephens Joined with him in 

of Mr. Thos. '' '- 

^^J^^Z.T. the same Opinion w'\ was allways understood 
heretofore the Eeverse, 

I Beg Leave to subscribe my Self Your Hon". 

Most Obedient & most Devoted 

Humble Servant 

John Fallo-Vk-field. 

(From B. P. Pv. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 


John M.uiTix Bolzius to ^Ir. Hexry Xewman". 
Savannah in Georgia Jan""^ 15. 1739. 

Dear Sir 

Having been some days at Savannah on Ac- 
count of the dutch people here, & of several Af- 
fairs relating to my Congregation, I met w'\ a 
good opportunity to write a few Lines to you, 

Correspondence 297 

John Martin Bolzius to Mr. Henry Newman. 

which I hope with all my heart may find you & 
our Benefactors of the Hon'''^ Society in good 
health & happy Progress of your & their worthy 
undertakings. Colonel Stephens assured me by 
the Contents of his Letters from M^ Verelst, 
that our Letter to you of July last is come safe 
to your hand, in which we took the Liberty to 
acquaint you with the temporal & spiritual Con- 
dition of our Congregation at that time, & I take Temporal 
leave to assure you that the good Work, which uai c^o^nd^ 
merciful God has begun to do in promoting the the saitz. 

■^ J. tj burg-ers. 

Saltzburgers temporal & spiritual Welfare, goes 
by his Blessing very well on seeing that grown 
People and Children of both sexes live not only 
very comfortably under the many Steps of 
God's good Providence, but what is the best of 
all, he has graciously glorify 'd his beloved Son, 
our most dear Saviour in many Souls that they 
know in Ti"uth, that they are Partakers of all his 
purchased Graces in this & the other World. 

As God has been always gracious to us in 
inclining the Hearts of Benefactors to us & our 
Flock, so he has been anew at the happy arrival 
of the Kev'*. M^ Whitefield in this Province, 
which was the 10'*". of this month. He aiming at tVe"iSvd.^ 

nothing else but at the promoting of God's fieVdin'^^' 
Glory, iJc every body's true Happiness, looks 
upon our Congregation & Orphan house as upon 
his own, which occasionetli him to let us share 
in the many Blessings, which the Lord was 
pleased to deliver imder his Care by good peo- 
ple's free Contributions: Being acquainted 
with our Wants in the Orphan house, he has fur- 



John Martin Bolzius to Mr. Henry Newman. 

Buys a 
large bell 
and other 
for the 
building- of 
the Church 
at Ebenezer. 

Hon. James 



House con- 
venient for 
ministry of 
Mr. Bolzius. 

nished me for that purpose with many necessar- 
ies, which will make the Orphans, AVidows and 
other needy ones in the Congregation rejoice in 
the Lord & bless their Benefactors, as tlie re- 
lieved poor did at holy Job's time c. 31. v. 19. 
20. Besides this he paid me £52 .. 19^ .. 9"^ for 
raising a publick place for worshipping God, 
has bonght a large Bell for us, & necessary 
Ironwork for the building of the Church. Indeed 
great Blessings, for which the Lord would be 
pleased to reward manifold all those, that have 
by their zealous Contributions inabled the ReV*. 
]VP. Whitefield to do good not only to us, but to 
our whole Colony, & the neighbouring people. 
Almighty & merciful God has more Blessings in 
his store for this Colony, which I doubt not, he 
will convey to the immortal Souls by his minis- 
try as there are already undeniable Proofs. 
My Duty obliged me to give you a little Account 
of that, which has moved my heart so sweetly, 
knowing ven*' well, that the Hearing of our 
Happiness gives you always a great satisfac- 
tion. I made bold in my last Letter to the Hon*''^ 
James Vernon Esq'', to mention the Charges of 
my House, which I beg the favour of you, you 
would be pleased to recommend to this & other 
dear Benefactors in the best manner you think 
proi^er, that I might be enabled by their Bene- 
factions to pay the Charges of it. This House is, 
& will be very convenient for my ministry, Sz 
serves now the Congregation for a place of 
publick Worship, except on Sundays & holy 
days, where we still meet in a large Hutt. 

Correspondence 299 

George Whitefield to Mr. Henry Newman. 

Please to present my m^st humble Respects to 
the Gentlemen of the Hon^'^ Society wishing 
you & them all manner of Prosperity I am 

Dear Sir 

Yo'. most Obedient & 

very humble sei^vant 

John Martin Bolzius. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 
George Whitefield to Mr. Henry Newman. 

Savannah Jan"^ 22^ 1739/40. 


Be pleased to desire the Gentlemen of the 
Society to excuse me for not writing to them 
sooner. Business & fatigue prevented me. On 
my arrival hither, I purposed to Send them a 

f. T-» T • • V State of 

Letter concerning the state ot Kehgion m Amer- veugion in 

^ America. 

ica, but as I have done it at the end of my 
Journal which comes over in the Ship which 
brings this, I suppose it will be sufficient. I have 
seen M'. Boltzius & have paid him the money 

'- ^loney col- 

which I collected for the building a Church, & [I'^^iJ^^l^g 
also have given him some necessaries for what p^id t^^Mr.^ 
I shall henceforward call our Sister Orphan- 
house. I bless God all things are in great for- 


CoLoxiAL Records 

will Seward to Mr. H. Newman. 


wardness in respect to mine, In a few months I 
hope to have much Land cleared & the house 
compleatly finished. I have taken in already 
many Children & am daily taking in more. He 
that feedeth the young Ravens which call upon 
him, I doubt not will enable me to support & 
provide for them. Savannah is not in so bad a 
State as is represented abroad. The people 
attend exceeding regularly upon publick, and I 
have reason to believe the blessed Spirit of God 
is effectually working upon many Souls. My 
due respects attend all the Gentlemen of the 
Society. Be pleased to desire their prayers in 
my behalf & assure them of y^ continuance of 
mine from 

S'. Yo^ very humble Servant 

, ^ George TMiitfield. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

To M'. H. Xewman. 

Dear Sir. 

I beg Leave to join my Prayers for the Wel- 
fare of the Society. — ^ & to mention that I hope 
the two great objections against Chanty Schools 
will be effectually remedied in M^ Whitfield's 
Orphan house, the Children being employ 'd in 

Correspondence 301 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

Labour suitable to their years & kept from the 
Evil Examples of their Parents at home. I wish 
all the Charity Schools were put on y* same foot, 
the Benefit of which I was not so sensible of ^'^°°^^- 
when I sollicited the Eevival of Hackny School, 


Pray give my sincere Eespects to W. Thorold, 
M*". Bedford and any other of the Gentlemen ^^jj.. Thoroid 
either of your Society or the Navigation Charity Bedford. 
School Society who may enquire after / Dear 

Your most humble Serv\ 

WiU: Seward. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of. T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees brought by 

Capt. Thompson & by hi:m delh^ered at the 

Trustees Office 2 May 1740. 

Frederica 24"> Januy 1739/40. 


Lieutenant Horton has orders to raise 30 
Recruits for the Regiment. If the Trustees 
would give passage to their Wives it would be 
a cheap way to increasing y*. Colony by 30 Passage for 

'' '' wives 

families, from single men there are very great requested. 
Inconveniences, and their being obliged to leave 
their Wives behind plunges them into great 
difficulties. I need say no more on that head 

302 Colonial Eecords 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

but desire the Trust would give passage to the 
Wives, and Corn and Meat to them for one year. 
I am 


Your most obedient 
humble Servant 

James' Oglethorpe. 

The hono^'^ the Trustees. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Wm. Stephens Esq. to Mr. Haeiman Vekelst 
acco:mptant to the honorable the trustees 
for est.a3lishing the colony of georgia at 
THEIR Office near the House of Lords — 


Savannah 28 Jan: 1739/40. 


I am ashamed to say y'^ my last was of the 25 
Nov; when I enclosed my Journal as usual to 
that time: the principal occasion of which is 
indeed owing to M''. Jones's not being so ready 
at putting a finishing hand to those accompts 
w^\ we have gone thro' as I wishd; but from 
week to week protracted what I would fain have 
seen done y,. I might have fulfilld the promise I 
made of sending them in my next which never- 
theless I cannot lay blame upon him for; know- 
ing how difficult a matter it has been upon him, 

Correspondence 303 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

& me too, to find leisure now and then for an 
hour or two to attend it closely; the Generals 
Affairs of late, on the important Work he has in 
hand, so frequently engaging us to dispatch with 
the utmost diligence many things he thought 
needfull ; & as to my self, I must own that for 2 
months' past, I have more sensibly y° ever be- 
fore, felt the Want of my Son : for abundance of 
writing has almost continually taken up my time, 
tho' so little of it has appeard with you: but 
M'. Jones assures me now j\ he will be ready 
in doing his part effectually; so y\ Capt. Thom- gn'ne'^lr 

-, . T f. -i-r T . oj come from 

son, who is newly come irom Frederica, alter prederica. 
near 4 months past since he went hence thither, 
may have all that we can possibly do to take 
with 'him ; & that we expect will be but a short 
while, since he takes in his Loading here, w"^^. is 
ready for him. 

M'. Hopton writes me from Charles Town, v'. oniy a few 

^ ^ * ships go to 

no Ship has arrived from England, since he sent to^^^^^i- 
me yours of the 6"". of Oct^ & that they have 
very few Ships come to take their Rice as ex- Rice. 
pected; so y' they suppose another Embargo Tvar with 
laid, in expectation of a War w*^. France: all 
which leaves me under great Impatience, to hear to hear 


from my Son, & when I may expect him. 

I wrote you a f cav lines on the 3*^ of Xov : im- 
mediately upon ]\P. Saxbys not accepting the 
Bill drawn on him by M^ Hamerton for £200 
ster: and waiting, at his request, not to retura 
the Bill till he got home, when he would see 
whether he could answer it or not; a few days 
after I wrote my last, I rec** the enclosed letter 

from son. 


Colonial Eecords 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

from Mr. 


sawed for 

from hhu ; which I now send, together with the 
Bill &c. 

My Journal comes herewith as usual; & a few 
letters left to my care ; as also a Packett from 
iVr. Christie keeps it company, as I send it 

We are now taking- out of Thomson what is 
left for us after so long a Stay in the South; & 
I am sorry any of the Trusts kind Favours 
should prove a loss to them, as in the Instance 
of this Flour now sent ; which indeed is musty, 
& not nigh so good or so cheap as w\ we buy 
from the Xorthem Pro\inces for 8/6'^ or 9/. 
ready mony, if we can find it : wherefore I would 
not that their Honours kind Intentions should 
be defeated here after: the Shoes are very ac- 
ceptable; &: if twere po.ssible sometimes to come 
at a little Irish Beef, & Butter, & Tallow, 'twould 
rejoice us much : for such ware is not to be had 
here so good cheap; but this Country Pork is 

• Please to present my Duty to Lord Egmont, 
and acquaint him t\ I have had the Plank he 
wrote for ready sawn out, & by me a good while 
since; I shall send it by Thomson, when I shall 
also write w'^. it. 

Here I must break off; but hope very soon 
to allow more Scope for w\ I shall have to write 
then: mean while I remain 


Your very humble Sen^ant 

Will : Stephens. 

Correspondence 305 

Wm. Stephens to the Trustees. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Wm. Stephens Esq., to the Trustees recd. 28 
April 1740. 

Savannah 28 Jan: 1739/40. 

Honourable Gentlemen 

Looking back into the Coppys of several of 
my last letters, I observe 'em directed to M^ 
Verelst; & must blame my self for not finding 
any of late inscribed particulariy to your Hon- 
ours, gratefully acknowledging those marks of 
your Favour, so kindly shewn in the Provision 
you were pleased to make, by several distinct 
allowances ; as well to compensate for my past 
difficultys, as enable me to proceed for the future 
with less anxiety nevertheless, tho' I stand self 
condemned for such an egregious omission; I 
would fain allow my self to hope tis not unpar- 
donable ; & that youll be so good to impute it to 
heedlesness only, which indeed is the best I can 
make of it : but I beg, whatever construction is 
put upon it, that Ingratitude may not be laid to 
my charge; ^^. is a Crime so black, y* God for- 
bid I should ever be guilty of it. The remark- 
able care y' you were j^leased to shew, for sup- 
porting me in the Execution of my Duty y bet- 
ter to serve you; is another Instance of your 
kind regard to the Situation I am in; and (I 
speak it sincerely) the Coppy of Your Honours 
letter to M'. Jones, sent me in Yours of the 14 
Sept'. & w'\ I rec*^. in December, is of as great 

306 Colonial. Records 

Wm. Stephens to the Trustees. 

for London. 

value and Esteem with me, as the appointment 
you were before pleased to make for my very 
Sustenance ; for it manifests such a confidence in 
me as I can never forget, & hope I shall never 

Many are the Articles in those letters I have 
reC*. W". require an explicite answer to each, 
and I ask leave to assure you I have not been 
idle therein, as I hope will appear in a short 
time, now Capt. Thomson is cdme to us from 
£fn^o^s^'^P' Frederica, who purposes in about a fortnight 
more to sail for London, loaden in this Eiver ; by 
whom M^ Jones assures me, he shall be ready 
with me, to make up a Packett fit to offer : and 
till then I own I am content to wait ; rather y° 
huddle up an imperfect narrative, of such a 
Multiplicity of matter, as ought to be throughly 
^' plainly intelligible; w'". the few hours time, 
allowd me to write this in, would in no propor- 
tion admit of. As I always aim to keep a Coppy 
of my Journal ready upon any occasion; I take 
the liberty however to send that now, for a 
small amusement; whereby you'll in some Sort 
imagine what Disposition we are in, & what is 
doing among us at present ; till I point out in my 
next, some particulars, w'". possibly may be 
thought worth considerins:. 

After what I have wrote in my late Journals, 
relating to the Xew Constitution of the Magis- 

New Consti- / i • i i /^ 

tution of the trac'v here (which the General was pleased to 

Magistracy. * '■ 

order me to be so particular in) twere needless 
to say more of it, but to wait for your Honours 
final Determination in that affair; which it be- 


Wm. Stephens to the Trustees. 

hoves every body to pay due O'bedience to: I 
only beg leave to assure you, y\ no Partiality, or 
personal regard to any one, influenced me to be 
'SO plain ; but a strict adherence to Truth, void of 
all farther consideration what would be the 
Event, directed my pen. As to Parker, far be ^^- Parker. 
it from me to vindicate him in such sort, as to 
endeavour at rendering him blameless, who w**" 
out doubt has his Failings, at least equal with 
most other men : and probably, if for no other 
reason, yet because he had filld the place where 
he sate, long enough to let another take his turn ; 
that might be a sufficient cause to remove him : 
nevertheless when I apprehend him to lye under 
your Displeasure, more especially in an In- 
stance or two ; I cannot without great Injustice 
to him, stiffle what I know to be Truth concern- 
ing it. I find, from the Information you are 
pleased to give me that he stands foremost in 
the List of names, subscribed to that sawey Eep- ^mes^sub- 
resentation; w*^. indeed I never knew before; Iawcy*^rlp-' 
but did know, y^ during the few days 'twas in 
agitation, he declined signing of it ; whilst Chris- 
tie & Fallowfield not only signed it, but were 
vehement Abettors of it, & Instruments of that 
Club from whence it first sprung; whilst Parker 
had them always in Aversion, and never cared 
to associate himself with 'em : so y*^ he was one 
of the latest that signed it; tho' it seems thro' 
their Artifice, he was induced to put his name 
where he did, & stand at y^ head of 'em; not- 
withstanding I have ever heard hihn exclaiming 
against Negros, & the use of 'em, professing a ' ^^°^^- 
natural abhorrence of em; nor will he be per- 

308 Colonial. Records 

Vt'm. Stephens to the Trustees. 

s waded at this very time to believe that he peti- 
tioned for their Importation; saying j\ tho' 
Negros are mentiond; yet 'twas far from his 
apprehending they were necessary, or pre- 
scribed so to be ; V^. wonld have been the great- 
est impudence ; but he meant no more y"" humbly 
to submit it to the Trustees, in what manner 
soever they pleased, to consider of any expedi- 
ent, if possible, for cultivating land at an easier 
rate y° they yet had done. This is what he had 
to say for himself, when I charged him w'*" being 
guilty of such a Fact ; which with all allowances 
y* can be given, must at least argue great Indis- 
cretion, to joyn in promoting the work of those, 
whose company he had always shunnd ; & whose 
Proceedings in giving so much disturbance 
among us, he had still war*mly opposed; as is 
well known by every body; & particularly ]\P. 
Jones has been a long while so sensible of his 
honest Intentions in joyning with him boldly to 
check the designs of that insolent Club ; y^ with- 
out it, Tailfer & his Adherents, had 'ere this 
time been Chief Eulers here; W^. some others 
in Authority would easily submit to, as their late 
Behaviour j^lainly discovers too plainly. Let it 
not from hence be inferrd, I humbly beg, j\ I 
am labouring to prevail with Your honours, for 
his continuance on the Bench whatever your 
pleasure therein is. I assure you will be so to 
me: the Man is poor, & has no small Family; 

Misfortunes . . "^ 

plr^I; ^1^^^ ^0 ^^'^ ^^ ^^^s misfortune, tho' as great a 

Planter as any Freeholder in Town, & more; 
w*^. has turnd out this year not so well as could 
have been wislid; he has moreover suffer 'd the 


Correspondence 309 

Wm. Stephens to the Trustees. 

Loss of several of his Cattle being spitefully 
killed by persons unknown : wherefore possibly 
it might be more to liis advantage to be freed 
from any attendance on Publick Affairs, & retire 
wholly to his other Plantation some miles off; 
where w**". the Live Stock he has, he might hope 
to maintain his Family: I truly mean no more 
y° to wish him reinstated in your Honours good 
Opinion, under the Character of a diligent Plan- 
ter; & behind very few in Zeal for promoting 
the Welfare of the Colony; wherein his capacity 
also in many cases, is equal to his Zeal : and that 
Character I am verily perswaded in my self he 
deserves ; wherein I know M^ Jones now agrees 
with me (after a sufficient Tryal of w*. I war- 
ranted to him before from my own experience) 
tho' upon a Pett at one time taken against him, 
I have reason to believe he might write you 
something severe; which he would not, upon 
knowing him better, readily do again for he is 
very sensible that upon Christies sitting the 
First on the Bench, such a Conjunction would 
ensue betwixt Two (right or wrong) j\ there 
would be no occasion of him for a Tliird. Here- 
with I have sent a Packett y* M^ Christie put 
into ray hands some little time since which he 
called Copy of the Court Proceedings ; but no 
body y'. I Imow of, ever lookd into it besides 
himself; wherefore I can say nothing of it : And 
only think it my Duty to lay before Your Hon- 
ours what is given me for that Intent. 

Trift'les (Gentlemen) are not fit to entertain 
you with; tS: things of moment are not proper 


Colonial, Records 

Mr. Christie to the Trustees. 

to be cursorily run over: wherefore I would 
clioose to make a short Stop here ; & rely on your 
pardon for so doing; rather than risque the 
Censure of laying any thing before you without 
due Caution, and not well digested which shall 
be my care in the next I offer, & that will be 
soon %? Cap\ Thomson. 

I am 

Honourable Gentlemen 
Your most Obedient humble Servant 
Will: Stephens. 
To the honourable the Trustees. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol 21.) 

Letter without date from Mr. Christie to the 
Trustees — Recd 28 April 1740 

Jan^^ 1739 


I Reced a Letter signed Harman Verelst dated 

July 14'\ 1739 wherein he says the Trustees 

Mr. Christie havc bccu pleas'^, to promote me to the office of 

1st bayiiff first Bavliff in the room of Henrv Parker dis- 

in place of " 

pfS. placed — And further says you are therefore 

desired to send Copies of the Proceedings of the 

Town Court w"^. have not already been sent to 

Mr. William- T- Trustccs to the time M'. "Williamson shall be 

re«>r^en^ swom in Recorder to succeed you — 


Correspondence 311 

Mr. Christie to the Trustees. 

Your orders are SO well obeyed that my sitting 

... .1 Commission 

as first Bayliff and my Commission is not only refus^i^M^. 
refused me but W. Parker is not displaced nor 
is M^ ^Yilliamson sworn in Eecorder Altho he 
has personally applyed for it so that I am ' 
Affraid If I sho^ delay sending over the Pro- 
ceedings of the ToAvn Court till M^ Williamson 
is sworn in Eecorder it would tire your patience. 

You will be well informed by me of the rea- 
sons for these proceedings so that I shall not 
mention any thing farther here. 

I have been continually visited by Sickness for 
this' five Months past. 

As M^ Verelsts Letter to M^ Stephens differs 
from mine and seems to point out him as the 
Person directs to see those Court Proceedings 
transmitted to the Trustees I have for his satis- 
faction taken w*". me two friends and inclosed 
the same in his presence directs to your Hon^. 
having at the same time also demanded my Com- 
mission and the Execution of your orders but to 
no purpose. 

I remain w'*'. the greatest regard Imaginable 
Yo'. Hon", most FaithfuU 
Humble Servant 

Tho": Christie 

312 Colonial Eecoeds 

Genl. Oglethorpe to Col. Stephens. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Genl. Oglethorpe to Col. Stephens brought 
BY Capt. Thompson who delivered it at the 
Trustees Office 2 May 1740. 

Frederica V\ Febry 1739 . 10. 


Since the Spaniards began Hostilities by at- 
tacking Amelia & murdering the Men there, I 
pursued them into Florida, swept the Eiver S'. 
Matthaeo, by the Indians called Olata, and which 
SiOTpe's^at- the Spaniards would fain now call S'. John's. 

tack upon .iTr-i ' j.t ' 

the Span- J landed on the Spanish Mam, drove m their 

lards. ^ ' 

Out Guards, and the Indians burnt 3 Guard 
houses, I proceeded one days March tow^'. Au- 
gustine, stayed 3 Days hunting their Cattle and 
ravaging the Countrey, but could not provoke 
them to action. Their Horse and a Party of 
Negroes and Indians once appeared, but went 
off upon a gallop, and took shelter in their Forts. 
The Spaniards had in Florida besides the Fort- 
P^f^!"" ress of Augustine, the Fort of S'. Marks, with 
a Garrison of 80 regular Troops, 100 Spanish 
Transports, besides Xegroes, Indians &c^ This 
Fort lies on the Bay of Apellachee which makes 
the most Eastern Part of y' Gulf of Mexico, and 
by it x\ugustine has a Communication with 
Mexico. It also influences y". Creek Indians, 
being not far from their Towns. They had also 
built a new Fort called S'. Francis de Pupa, on 
the British side of S'. Matthaeo, or Alata before 

Correspondence 313 

Genl. Oglethorpe to Col. Stephens. 

mentioned. This Fort was an Encroachment, 
and bnilt not long since to protect a Ferry over 
the River Alata, to defend their Communication 
with S'. Marks, and to give them an Entry into 
that part of Georgia inhabited by the Creek 
Indians, and also all y^ Northern parts of Geor- 
gia and Carolina by land, it being but 5 days 
Journey from this Fort to M"". Matthews 's new 
Settlement, and that but two days Journey from 
Savannah. Over against this, on the South side, 
the Alata, which is there so wide as to be no 
longer a River but a Lake, they had a Fort called 
Picolata, in the shape of a Star, and a. Ferry 
boat going from the one if ort to the other. They 
had also the Fort of S*. Diogo 7 leagues from the 
Alata, 6 from Augustine & 3 from the Sea. They 
had another called Rossa with a Garrison 
mostly Indians, another called Chicketo with 4 
Bastions, the Garrison partly Indians, and part- 
ly regular Troops, & lies about a league from 
Augustine. Another called Pinnion, And they 
were building a new one of Stone called Moosa a stone fort 

^ built to pro- 

to protect the Plantations they had granted to tfo'^ng^pf"^^" 
Runaway Kegroes who were ai*med and Officered ^e^^oes^ 
in order to garrison y'' Same. A particular ac- 
count of S^ Augustine is inclosed. 

On my first Inroad the Spaniards quitted 
Moosa and drew off the Negroes. I sent Lieu*. 

Lieut. Dun- 

Dunbar up the River with tw^o Scout boats to bar sent to 

^ destroy 

destroy what Boats the Spaniards had, & to ^^1:^^^^ 
view their Forts and attack them if weak. Ac- 
cordingly after 12 hours rowing up y^. Alata he 
Came to where it forms a Lake, being in many 


Colonial Eecoeds 

Genl. Oglethorpe to Col. Stephens. 

Party of 
sent out 
on New 
Year's day 

Places above 2 leagues wide, but straitened in 
one by 2 Points, so that it was not above 2 miles 
wide. On the Northern Point was Fort S'. 
Francis, and on tlie Southern point, that of Pico- 
lata. He landed in the night & thought to have 
surprized the Latter, but after several hours 
firing and 3 men being wounded he found he 
could not carry it without Cannon, so returned. 
On New years day I set out with a party of y*. 
Eegiment, accoimpanied by Captain ]\rackay, 
Captain Desbrisay, Lieutenant Dunbar, and 
Ensigns Mac4cay, Mace. Sutherland and Max- 
well, and Adjutant Hugh Mackay. The Ran- 
gers, Faunee Mico with the Chickesaws and 
Captain Gray the Uchee King with the Uchees 
and Hewitt. Hillyspilli and Santouchy ^\ith the 
Creeks, M". Matthews and M'. Jones, one Peria- 
giia, 13 Boats, and a small Privateer Sloop, who 
went in at the River Alata. On the 7'\ after 
having got over many difficulties, by daybreak 
the Indians surprized and burnt the Fort of 
S? burned Picolata, the Spaniards having abandoned it. 
At 10 the same day I lauded and invested Saint 
Francis de Pupa with the Indians & Rangers, 
and formed the regular Troops, and landed Tour 
Pieces of Cannon, posted them & marched out a 
Battery in such manner that they were sheltered 
from the Sight of the Garrison by the "Woods. 
In the mean time the Indians advanced as near 
as they could under the shelter of Trees, some 
of which stood within 100 yards of the Fort, but 
in most places the ground was cleared 300 yards 
round. The Indians fired very briskly upon the 
Fort and the Spaniards returned the Same very 

by Indians. 

Correspondence 315 

Genl. Oglethorpe to Col. Stephens. 

hotly till towards 3 of Clock, when their Fire 
lessened considerably. This kept the Spaniards 
so amused that they did not discover onr men at 
the Batteries so that they worked undiscovered 
till 5 of Clock when the Spaniards began to lire 
upon them, but the Breast work being then fin- 
ished they did no mischief. Before Sim set the 
Battery fired on the Fort when I offered them 
terms, but they refusing the Cannons fired a 
second time which had so good an effect that 
they cried out for Quarter, became Prisoners' of 
"War, and surrendered the Fort with two pieces _ 

' ^ Fort Saint 

of Cannon, one Mortar, three Swivel Guns, 150 pupa*^s\ir-^ 
Shells, a number of glass bottles filled with IZ^lL. 
Powder, and artificial Fire works, a sufficient prisoners 

Quantity of Ammunition, Provisions &:c^. for a 
long Defence. The Fort consisted of a strong 
new built Tower, about 30 foot high, 16 foot 
square within, with a Manchicolis, above, which 
flanked the foot of the Tower, without that, a 
Eampart faced with Timber a foot thick and 12 
foot high, filled up within side with 6 foot Earth, 
but the Garrison was very weak, consisting only 
of a Serjeant, a Corporal 9 Soldiers and one 
Indian. The Governour having since the first 
Inroad withdrawn the Garrison from Picolata, 
and part of that from Pupa. They fonnerly 
consisting of a Comissioned Officer and 30 men. 
I left a Garrison in this Place and have added 
to the Fortification, it being of gi'eat Conse- 
quence, since thereby the Communication with 
the Creek Indians is secured, and their means of 
invading by Land, the Xorthern parts of the 
Colony is taken awav, and if anv Partv of Horse 

of war. 


Colonial. Records 

Genl. Oglethorpe to Col. Stephens. 

An abund- 
ance of 
cattle and 

solicited for 
the sieere of 

tion in re- 
gard to 
of Castle of 
gotten from 

comes from Carolina, they may be liere shel- 
tered till they be ferried over, and Picolata, at 
which they land, is within 21 miles of Augustine, 
and the Countrey between is full & Stocked "with 
Cattle and Horses. 

I have received some Letters from the Tnis- 
tees relating to the Title of Lands, which I wish 
may not give room to the troublesome peoples 
making new Cavils. I have not yet had time to 
Consider well of it, but think it would be right 
to take them into mature Consideration that at 
the same time they are published they may be 
thoroughly explained to the people, and thereby 
Dissentions at this critical Juncture be preven- 
ted. I am 

Yo^ very humble servant 

James Oglethorpe. 

I desire you would show y' letter 
to j\P. Jones. I have sent M^ Hor- 
ton to Eiigland and Capt". Heron 
to Charles Town to solicit Assis- 
tance for the Siege of Augustine 
& other matters for the Safety of 
tlie Pro\ince. 

Colonel Stephens 

By the Examination of the Prisoners, which 
Confirms former Informations, the Castle of 
Augustine is a fort built of soft Stone, with four 
Bastions the Curtain Sixty yards in length the 
Parapet nine foot thick, the Eampert Twenty 



Genl. Oglethorpe to Col. Stephens. 

foot Mgh, Casemated underneath for Lodgings 
and Arched over and newly made Bomb proof. 
There are fifty pieces of Cannon mounted in th« 
Castle, they have been for some time working 
on a Covered way which is not yet finished. 
Sixteen of y^ Cannon are Brass & some Twenty 
four Pounders. The Town is Entrenched with 
Ten Saliant Angles in each of which are some 
small Cannon. The Forces in Florida Consist 
of bv Establishment 

" Officers 

and Men 

in each. 

One Troop of Horse __, 

___ 100 

One Company of Artillery 

___ 100 

Three Independant Companys of 

old Troops ea 

___ 100 

Two Comp\ of the Regiment of 

Esturias \ 

___ 53 

One Comp*. of Valencia _ _ _ _ 

__- 53 

One Coanp\ of Catalonia 

___ 53 

Two Companys of Cantabria , 

___ 53 

Two Companys of Merica 

__- 53 

Armed Negroes 

___ 200 

White Transports for Labour 

___ 200 

Militia of Inhabitants, One Com- 


Indians the Xmnber uncertain 

318 Colonial Records 

John Brownfield to the Trustees. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from Johx Bromfield to the Trustees 
RECD 28 April 1740 

Savannali Feb: 9'^ 1739/40. 

May it please Y"" : Hon'" : 

Ha\ing done my self the pleasure of writing 
to You last Octo". when I mentioned my readi- 
ness to obey Your Orders in the Eegistership 
from^exe*^ of this Proviuce & that I was preparing to put 
^""elisSi^^ ^^^ same m eecution I cannot now delay the 
by illness. acquaint^: y^ Hon": with my ill state of health 
w'^: has in great Measure kept me from per- 
form^ : my Duty in the Registers^ : — Soon after 
the Letter above mentioned was sent away I 
entered upon a rough Aeco' : of the Lands & Im- 
provem^ of this Town &• the Out-Settlem'^: 
near it. Having done a good part thereof, it 
pleased God to afflict me with Illness; under 
w'\ I have, with little Intermissions laboured 
till now. — My Body is still weak & prevents me 
from writing so as to finish the Account that is 
began. I patiently wait till the Divine Will shall 
be done upon me & when my strength is suffi- 
cient I hope to go on with the Registers^ : — In- 
deed it would glad my Heart, could my Labours 
give any Proof that I am 
Y'. Hon" : 

Faithful obliged & dutiful 
tho' infirm Seiwant. 

J. Brownfield. 

Correspondence 319 

Wm. Stephens to the Trustees. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter feo:\[ Wm. Stephens Esq. to the Trus- 
tees Recd 2 May 1740 

Savannah 14 Mar: 1739/40. 

Honourable Gentlemen 

I had the honour to write you my last of the 
28 Jan. p Cap\ Cabot in the Free Briton; 
wherewith I also enclosed Coppy of my Journal 
to that time, as I now do to this. The liberty I 
have taken to expatiate so much in some of 
those papers, ^uill (I hope) be allowd as a Eea- 
son for my being more concise, when I touch 
upon any of those Points now; thinking it be- 
hoves me principally to take notice of divers 
Orders & Directions rec^ from you; to acquaint 
you how far they have been complyd with ; and 
wherein they yet have not fully, to offer such 
reasons why not as the case ^sill admit of, plain- 
ly, & without Art. 

To begin with the Trusts 'Sei^^ants — (un- 
doubtedly a most important Article) — you were servants. 
pleased to require an account of them, with their 
names, Ages & Sex's; and how employd under 
M"". Jones: this has been attended with some 
difficulty to collect, & reduce into such a form, as 
is proper to be laid intelligibly before your 
Honours; occasiond by the various & frequent 
changes of the persons, from the Work, and 
place, appointed them, to another very ditferent, 
in time past, as the Master of the Stores 

The Trust'3 


Colonial Records 

Wm. Stephens to the Trustees. 


The Glebe. 


thought fit to appoint, for the carrj'ing on this 
or that work: but froan henceforward, 'tis to be 
hoped, a more uniform Regulation will be ob- 
served ; tho ' I cannot answer for it, but urgent 
necessity, may be a means of swerving a little 
from it, or an extraordinary occasion, where the 
■publick Service evidently calls for immediate 
help. I shall be glad if the Lists which I here- 
with send are agreeable to what is expected if 
it falls short, Ave '11 do the best we can to mend 
whats amiss. Youll please to observe what the 
number is of them on the two Publick Lots ; one 
known by the name of Desbouvries Farm, 4 
miles off; & the other, being 90 acres of land 
run out by the Generals order, when he was here 
in Oct', last; near adjojTiing to what was called 
the Glebe, about 14 ^ mile out of Town, w*"*. 
happend to be very poor land, and this is' much 
better; but what particular purpose liis Excel- 
lence intends it for, I know not ; only tis gener- 
ally understood to be for a Mulberry Garden. 
Each of these Partys have an Overseer appoin- 
ted over 'em; who do (or should) give an ace' 
to M^ Jones, what they are about, & hx>w they 
go on: w^^. is an Office he says he can by no 
means take on himself; having so much to do 
about Accompts : wherein tnaly I cant but agree 
w'^. him; & thereby I partly glance at my self 
too; who for some months past have employd 
great part of my time in attending on that 
Enquiry ; to contribute what I could towards it ; 
but must not boast of great performances ; want- 
ing the Skill and Sagacity (tho' not a hearty 
good Will) to discover latent Frauds, equally 

Correspondence 321 

Wm. Stephens to the Trustees. 

with M'. Jones ; whose Dexterity that way is so 
well known: one thing nevertheless I must not 
pass over unobserved; viz y\ upon my notify- 
ing to him y^ twas your Honours pleasure he 
■should take an Oath of Fidelity, the better to 
qualify himself for execulting Ihe Office you Jlciinerfo 
thought fit to entrust him with, relating to the omce"''^^ °' 
Servants ; he made great Scruples about it, say- 
ing he was not fond of taking any Oath, but 
where it was not to be avoided: and therefore 
he has declined it. 

What relates to M^ Whitfield, the Church, and 
Orphan House ; I have so fully taken notice of in fiSd,™*' 

T t p n !• PI' • 11 Church and 

any Journal, irom the time oi nis coming last orphan 


hither ; j\ I ask leave to refer to it ; and for the 
future I shall continue to observ^e, how the Or- 
phan house, and Church go foi*ward kc, as twill 
be foimd in those papers'. 

I shall, in obedience to your Orders, take par- 
ticular care to give the best and truest Intelli- The siik and 

wine in- 

gence I can get, how the Improvement of the dustrj,-. 
Silk, and Wine, gets forward, as the year comes 
on; which I hope may prove more propitious 
than the last : when I would have been glad to 
have enlarged more than I did, at such times as 
I touchd on that Subject ; but it would not bear 
it with Truth yet ; however, I flatter my self it 
soon will; for the encrease of Wines and Mul- 
berrys is very considerable of late. 

What you are pleased to write, concerning the ^^^ ^ ^^_ 
Light house at Tybee being repaired ; a Pilot Tybee. ^' 
establishd there in the manner you direct; & 

322 Colonial Records 

Wm. Stephens to the Trustees. 

securing the House M^ Bradley lived in, from 
taking future damage ; have all been under the 
■ Generals consideration; and will (I hope) in 
time be put in execution; as I am sure tis highly 
needfull : but where much is to de done, & many 
other things intervene, sometimes indisj)ensable 
for the publick Service; it cannot be otherwise, 
but some y'. are also equally to be regarded, 
must give place to such as are appointed to be 
taken in hand first ; & I find the placing Peter 
SquaS"^^ Emery for Pilot, admits of some doubts ; for as 
as pilot. much as, notwithstanding he is allowd to know 
all the Shoals here about yet having not been 
bred a Sailor, & only used to smtill Boats, he 
does not understand how to work a Ship; uhich 
is reckond to be a requisite qualification in 
that Station tis expected the General will decide 
this, when he is pleased to see us again. 

By other letters, Your Honours caused me to 
Act relating ^® informed, y* the Act relating to the Tenure 
la-rSs"^^^ *^^ of Lands Avas passd, and printing; whereof I 
passe . should havc Coppys sent me in Print as well as 

the original : which would have been most accep- 
table; & given me a particular pleasure in pub- 
lishing the same : but how, and by what means, 
the Box (wherein I suppose they were) came to 
be stopiDd at Frederica, ever since the begin- 
ning of Jan. last, I cannot learn : so long since 
was it y^ Cap\ Wright arrived, who brought it, 
&c, as I have noted it in my Journal, of 20 Feb. 
& 4'^. inst. If your Honours there-fore shall at 
any time here after think proper to signify such 
Commands to me, as require my immediate put- 

Correspondence 32^ 

Wm. Stephens to the Trustees. 

Delay In 

ting in Execution ; Frederica is found to be the 
farthest way about ; & whatever is sent by any 
Ship bound to Charles Town, & directed to the 
care of M^ Hopton there; I dare engage will 
find speedy and punctual Dispatch from that 
place, by him, who never yet lost the first Op- 
portunity could be got, of forwarding w^ came 
for me to his hands. 

Tis high time indeed for your Honours to ex- 
pect some Eeturn to be made to your Comissron 
for examining the publick Debts : what progress sending" 

, accounts. 

has been made in that Work, will appear by the 
Accompts' now sent: tis no small uneasiness I 
have sufferd for a while past, y' none of them 
were sent sooner; w''^. might have been done, 
with such as were gone thro'; but M"". Jones 
shewd an unwillingness to do it by piece meal ; 
& after all our pains, tis not in our power yet 
so to put an end to it, but some Eemains are still 
left to follow. The continual application to 
hasten on that Affair, which in many instances 
was very abstruse, and puzling; so employd 
great part of my time, y\ with all the diligence 
I could use, I have not yet been able to perfect 
w*. I most earnestly wishd to do in sending a full 
State of the Pro\'ince, with respect to its Inhabi- 
tants in every place, & its defence: I think I 
have at last, very near got the whole together, 
as I could get it collected from all parts ; so y^ 
little remains for me to do in it now, more than 
to digest, and methodize it, in a proper Form; & 
nol let it go out of my hands in loose papers : 
but Cap^ Thomson being ready for sailing; I 

324 Colonial Records 

John Pye to the Trustees. 

must send it after, by way of Charles Town; 
and possibly it may be but very little behind 
him. I shall then also give a distinct answer to 
a {ew more Points, I find there has none yet 
been given to : and in all things whatsoever, do 
my utmost to fulfill your Orders; who am / 
Honourable Gentlemen 

Your most Obedient humble Servant. 

Will : Stephens. 

P. S. I am just now ad\dsed from M"". Hous- 
ton at Frederica, y' upon his asking W. Hawk- 
ins again after that Box ; he told him twas con- 
signd to the General, who would not let it go : 
w''*'. I wish he had told me, when he sent me such 
a triffling answer as may be found in my Journal 
of Mar. 4. Had he then been so ingenuous, I 
had not been farther irapoiiunate ; whereby I 
wish I have not incurrd the Generals Dis- 
pleasure unwittingly: w'^^. I would at no rate 
risque if I can avoid it 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 
Letter feo^m John Pye to the Trustees. 

Savannah Mar : 15'\ 1739. 


The Regard your Hon", exprest for my Wel- 
fare by Listening to my Application of Mar. 9. 

Correspondence 325 

John Pye to the Trustees. 

1736. Assures me You'l redily Excuse this 
Liberty — 

The Agreement I theu made with Your Hon. 
(which was to ser^^e as Clerk to your Store uon^to^'^^' 
Keeper at Savannah for the Space of 3 Years) ^[^';:ye°p^J;^ 
becomes Void the 3^ of June Next. And as I ferm'!'^'' 
have a Wife & Child (M^ Browntields Sister) & 
no depend^ (Exclusive of my Writing) whereby 
to procure a Mainten^'. (& being desirors to 
Continue in the ColF.) I humbly hope your 
Hon", will be pleas'd according to yo"" wonted 
Goodness to take my Case into your Considera- 
tion. His excellency Gen'. Oglethorpe was 
pleas'd upon his Arival from Europe to Ad- 
vance my Sallery (allowd by Yo^ Honours) of 
18' p ann to 28*. which Addition have been very 
ser\'icable to me — 

Tho I beg Leave, to say, is not Sufficient here 
to keep a ffamilly Out of Debt, Yet as that Ad- 
dition was by his Excellency's ffree good will & 
at a time when I could not pretend to claim any 
more than what Specified in the Greement. I 
must Acknowledge the Obligation the Greater, 
both to him & Yo"" Hon". 

M^ Tho^ Jones (under whose direction I am 
at ^sent & have been for 11: Months past) is 
exceeding Kind to me, who Advdsed me to take 
this Liberty & s"^. he would Enform Your Hon", 
of my behaviour. 


Colonial Eecoeds 

Wm. Stephens to the Accotant. 

I humbly hope your Hon"^. will Excuse this 
ffreedoine & give me leave to Subscribe my self 

Your Honours most DutifuU 

& Obliged humble Serv'. 

Jn°: Pye. 

(From B. P. P. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from Wm. Stephens Esqe. to the Ac- 
cotant. Eecd 2 ]May 1740 


Savannah 15. Mar. 1739/40. 


My last was of the 28 of Jan: and by my 
letter now to the honourable the Trustees, which 
youll have the j^erusal of, you'll see what I have 
done, and consequently what remains yet un- 
done, towards answering what in some of the 
last letters I receiv'd, I found was expected 
from me : wherefore finding it impossible to get 
all perfected, as I wish, before Cap\ Thomson 
sailed ; by reason of the close attendance I was 
obliged to give on M'. Jones; y'. all we could 
possibly get ready of those accompts of the Pub- 
lick Debts, by commission appointed to be ex- 

Correspondence 327 

Wm. Stephens to the Accotant. 

amined into, might now be primarily transmit- 
ted, in preference to any other matter: I am 
forced against my AVill to be content with offer- 
ing what I do; w*^*' is far short of what I de- 
sign 'd : and being so, I laid my finger principally 
on those articles which I apprehend are more 
immediately called for to be spoke to : that what 
remaind, & appeard to me not quite so urgent, 
might follow, I hope very soon, by the way of 
Charles To^\m: among others, you may then 
expect from me such a Return as I can give, 
relating to the Effects of Henry Clark deceased; 
as also concerning the "Widows of M". Cox & 
Joseph Cooper; wherein I fore see y' some of 
the Partys will do what they can to evade that 
Enquiry; particularly W. Causton for M^ Cox's 
Widow; who already has begun to shuffle with 
me : but I think I shall make it appear he is con- 
siderably indebted there ; & I will do all I pos- 
sibly can, to get to the bottom of it; as I will 
also of the rest but as for Theophilus Hether- 
ington and Murcot; Hetherington with his 
Friend Christie being now out of my reach, & 
probably not to be spoken with again by me 
soon; I have herewith sent you the answer he 
was pleased to give, when I called him to ace' in 
that affair: w'\ is an impudent Sham; for he 
stands indebted considerably to the Trust, by 
Hs account in the Stores, as ]\P. Jones tells me; 
& I think he and his fellow Traveller are well t^£Jn.f 
paird; so exceeding prone to Falshood & dissi- S^^.^^d 
mulation, y' no Credit can be given to eitiier; &. uiation. - 
so twill be found wherever they are ; which pos- 
siblv mav be, in London, as soon as this: what 



Colonial, Kecords 

W'm. Stephens to the Accotant. 

felt in re- 
gard to son. 

Relating to 
Col. Hor. 
sey's affair. 

Mr. Brown- 
field ap- 

came of Wise's Edfects you will partly see by 
the account I herewith send. Whatever more I 
find not answered in any letters rec'^ since Cap\ 
Thomsons arrival, shall all be taken notice of: 
The last I rec"^ from you was of the 6'^. of Ocf. 
which came to my hands at Christmas: from 
w^^. time I learn nothing from any of my 
Friends in England what is doing in that part 
of the World; &: cannot but be impatient till I 
hear something from my Son again, whether he 
is coming or not, as I earnestly expected: but 
in case any ill Fortune, or ill Will to return 
again, should be the occasion of his Delay ; twill 
be absolutely needfull for me, to get a Clerk 
where I can, to help me ; for indeed the Affair 
upon my hands now, begins to make the Old 
man shrink alone: & I fear I shall not find one 
readily here, that has ^drtue enough to stand 
proof, against Temptation to betray his Trust — 
but I wait, and will a while longer, to learn what 
I am to expect of my Son. 

W''hat you were pleased to write me in your 
letter of the 14^'', of Sept. relating to our late 
Friend CoUonel Horseys Affair; wherein you 
had taken such good ad\'ice with M'". Sharpe; 
gave me the pleasing hopes y' I should quickly 
hear some good Eft'eet from it. I heartily wish 
it may have produced such; and well know your 
labour of love on that Occasion is not wanting. 

I should have taken notice in my letter to the 
Board, y*. M\ Brownfield appointed their Eegis- 
ter, accepted readily that Office ; professing him- 
self desirous to serve the honourable Trustees 

Correspondence 329 

Wm. Stephens to the Accotant. 

in anything tliey thought hiin capable of. Soon 
after, he took from me Coppv of the List of 
Freeholders &c in this Town: how far he has 
proceeded therein, or whether or not he has 
'svrote any thing of it to the Trustees, I am not 
informed : no body here certainly is better quali- 
fied for it; but he is pretty much reserved of 
late, more than coanmon: & if there is any pe- 
culiar Badge among these Xew ^Methodists, 
whereby they distinguished 'tliemselves from 
among their ISTeighbours ; I think tis in no One 
more remarkable y° in him — But I am deter- 
mined in my self, not to become a Party in these 
controversys : I desire to go to Church, peace- 
ably and do my Duty there in serving God : but 
as for the Doctrine I hear; in case I cannot at 
all times approve of it, I keep my Sentiments to 
my self being always of Opinion y' the due per- 
formance of publick Prayer &: Thanksgiving is 
more to be regarded, than abstruse Points of 
Di^-inity preachd by the greatest man li^-ing. 

I dare believe you'll readily excuse me for not 
-going farther with such entertainment; since 
you'll find such variety of other kinds, within 
the same covering whicli contains this. I re- 


Your very humble Servant 

Will: Stephens. 

Tis sad paper this: I wish I could 

get better. I hoi>e twas no fault in pl^ 

me to ask you (as I did) to recruit 


330 Colonial Records 

Mr. Thomas Jones to the Accotant. 

my Store w'^ a couple of Eheams, 
one of Post and one of Foolscap : If 
twas an improper request I beg par- 
don for it. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from Mr. Thomas Jones to the Acco- 
tant. Eecd 2 May 1740 & a small cask 
of skins from the Store. 

Savannah IS''' March. 1739. at two in 
in the morning. 


Cap^ Thompson having suddenly resolv'd to 
depart hence to morrow morning prevents my 
writing to you about several aifairs which I had 
determined to do, but must now defer to another 
Oportunity; Yet cannot forbear giving you 
some hints of our Affairs here. And of the per- 
plex 'd Circumstances I am, more particularly, 
in; I doubt not Your Candour; That you'll par- 
don the undigested Excursions that may happen 
from one half Asleep and rendered almost in- 
capable of thining — The ITon^'^. the Trustees, 
my Masters, have been pleased to confer many 
underserved Favours on me. And also to Allow 
me a plentifull yearly Stipend for my Support ; 
I entertain a gratefull Sence of the Obligations 
I am under to Sei-ve them, and their Interest to 
the utmost of my power, but find my self inca- 


Mr. Thomas Jones to the Accotaiit. 

pable of discharging those Trusts reposed iu 
me; My real Concern for their Interests, And 
preserving the Peace of my own Mind, would 
not permit me to undertake, being Overseer of ,, , 

^ ? o irr, Jones 

i:he Trusts Servants, which I was conscious ?hrTrus°3 
could not discharge so, as to answer their Ex- ^^"■^^^^• 
pectations, But ^vitli the Aprobation of the 
General, & concurrence of Colon". Stephens, 
have & hitherto continue to employ them as use- 
fully as I can, keeping a due Eegard therein, to 
the Instructions given me by their Honours, yet 
find it impracticable to pursue these strictly ;-If 
it shall please God, to continue my life and 
health I purpose to send you a full Acco*. of this 
Affair very soon — I have given Col" Stephens 
a List of those Servants that I have had any a list of 
Acco\ of, and how employed W"". he designs to servants^. 
transmit you ^ this return of Cap'. Thomson. 
As to the Other Office which I was honoured 
with of third Bailiff of Savannah, I think my Mr. jones 


Self as mcapable of discharging that Trust (tho' third baiiis 

^ CO '^ ot Savannah. 

I have undertaken it) as I am of the other of 
Overseer (Src. I have endeavoured to prevent 
litigious Actions, which were in a great measure 
promoted by y^ Magistrates and Officers for 
their Fees (so called). So that our Courts were 
usually lengthened to Six or Eight days every 
sitting; And the Jury obliged to a continual 
attendance for y' time, in y^ Tryal of frivolous 
Matters (for y*" most part) — His Excellency, 
the Gener'. (on Application to him) hath order- 
ed; That no Warr\ or Action for Debt should 
be issued unless Signed by two of the Bailiffs : 
M^ Fallowfield & Christie, were much disturb 'd 


Colonial Records 

Mr. Thomas Jones to the Accotant. 

A copy of a 
■warrant of 
and of at. 
sent to the 
for their 

thereat; Yet have not often adventured to break 
through that Order; We have not had any Oc- 
casion for y* Attendance of y* Petty Jury since 
October last above One Day at any Court that 
has been held — W. Parker and my self have 
determined to grant no Warrant against any, 
the Inhabitants, until we first send for the party 
complained against and then endeavour to bring 
both parties to an Agreem'. which has been often 
effected. So that we have not had many recog- 
nizances to return into any Court that has been 
held Since ; M^ Fallowfield & M'. Christie, have 
obliged persons to enter into Bonds, made pay- 
able unto private persons, which they have noi 
return 'd into Court, nor are recorded. I have 
not time at present, nor much inclination to 
enter into a Detail of those Gentlemens' Con- 
duct but for your Amusem'' have enclosed, a 
Copy of a Warr^ of Comitm'. by M^ Christie, 
And Another Warr'. of Attachm' from him w^. 
the proceedings thereon. 

I have been ordered by the General to give an 
Aeco*. to their Honours, The Trustees ; w**". the 
Treatment I had from ]yp. Williamson in his 
Excellency's presence but chuse to forbear 
relateing any Matter, which concerns my Self: 
unless the Same should be misrepresented — 
And hope in such a Case, I shall be told what 
Complaints have been made of me or my Con- 
duct, And fhen shall not fail of putting that 
matter in the best Light I can — 

The Comission unto Col" Stephens & others 
V my Self to State &c the Acco^°. we have 

Correspondence 333 

Mr. Thomas Jones to the Accotant. 

made but little progress in. I hope Col". 

Stephens will acquaint you with the difficulties 

we have met with therein; I fear that it will be 

impossible to come at any Certain knowledge of 

the State of those Acco'^ by Us— M^ Causton Mr. causton 

(we are well Assured) having in his Custody assist with 

the examina- 

several of the Vouchers for the Same, & will tion of the 


not be prevailed with to give Any Assistance 
towards resoMng any difficulties arising on our 
Examination of y* Acco''. You will receive 
herewith, Some Aeco''. that have been exam- 
ined by us, but I fear there may be mistakes' in 
y* transcribing Some of them, (having not time 
to examine the Copys) w=^. you can easily 
rectify. Several Other Acco*^ have been ex- 
amined w^^. cannot Send you till another Opor- 
timity — ]\r. Causton delivered me a Copv of Relating to 

Mr. Caus- 

his Cash Acco^ And then told me that he had ton's ac. 

Sent another Copy of the Same to the Trustees 
whereby there appeard a Ballance in his favour 
of £789 .. 12 .. 4:y4. When I had perused the 
Same I found Several Obvious Mistakes therein 
which I acquainted M"". Causton with — Some 
time after he told me That he had forgotten 
Several Sums of Money receivd by him, which 
he now had debited his Cash Acco'. with, to the 
Sum of £747 .. 15 .. 834. He begins this Acco'. 
of Cash Febry 9. 1735 — But takes no Acco^ of 
any Ballance of Cash from any fonner Acco^ 
thereof. I have lately examined this Acco'. 
w"". Such Vouchers as I could meet w'\ and find 
near £1000. Mistaken therein which I acquain- 
ted M". Causton with. He seemed ready to recti- 
fy Some Mistakes therein imtil I shew 'd him 


Colonial |{i<<>itiirt 

Mr. Thomas Jones ♦•> <•'" A<<-i>mnt. 

Some Errors in M^ M.Miiil;i^':iits Acco' of Cash, 
(said to be) paid him ; An"! produced a Copy of 
that Aeco'. Signed l.y M'. (^auston, different 
from that as entrod in y" <^'<ish Book— M^ 
Causton thereupon grrw vny Angry and would 
not proceed to exantino IIi'>m(! Objections I had 

made to his Acco' of ( 'n;^^^ - As to his Acco^ 

with the Trustees (<'\rli(:iiv«r of this Acco'. of 
Cash) as entred in tli<' l{«><»l<s l)y his direction; 
he makes a Ballanco flicrron in favour of the 
Trustees to be £1474 .. M! •• ^i/-. but it is far 
Short of his real D(>iW ; 'I'l''^ Account is begun 
in a Xew Leiger. Nuvntil.'. 'J'i. 1736 — thus To 
Ballance brot from J>vy;\ 'A. lu>l. 232— Nicliil— 
In s''. Leiger I find, An Af'co' comencing from 
Febry y* 6'\ 1735/6 to Nov'. 22. 1736— where I 
find the English of Nii<il h. \n'. £272 .. 16 .. 7 — 
The Sum Total of y"" \ <•-•"'. I liav sent you in the 
Box w*^ the Acco*^ A !'"<'k containing the Ee- 
ceipts & Issues of Slnr.',<. Tor the last Year to 
Micha^ 1739 — And n^ 'opy "f ^^^ Inventory 
of Stores delivered fti.- I<y M"''- Causton. The 
Acxio^ for that Year hk' <<» '»' perused by the 
General. And in onln llwroto am to Attend 
him with the Acco^ a! T'lrdcrica which I design 
to do next week, And Himi will transmit them 
^ next Oportunity; I Im.)... y-.u'll excuse, and be 
.able to read this Scrit.M.- Having not time to 
add but that I am 

S'. / Yo\ v.'iy hiuable Serv'. 
Thos' Jones. 

P. S. You will K."''iv<' V ^^V' Thomson. 
One Barr" q* 108 Skinn W. 131\ consigned to 

Correspondence 335 

James Louis Camuse to the Trustees. 

you or Order W^. liope you will receive Safe. 
(Inclosed in j^ Ca|y^ Rec*.) being for Acco'. of 
the Honble the Trustees. 

Y-. T. J.— 
To M^ Hannan Verelst. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from James Louis Camuse to the 
Honble the Trustees for Establishing the 
Colony of Georgia in America at their 
Office in Old Palace Yard. 

AYestminster recd 6 May 1740 


May it Please your Honours 

I most humbly presume the Freedom to Ac- 
quaint your Honours of the Xon payment of the 
Wages due to me from the Year 1732 to the 
Year 1736 in Order to the obtaining of which 
have apply 'd by Petitions to his Excellency 
Gen'. Oglethori:)e vrho' promisd my Acc^ should 
be Ballauc'd and then Sent to y^ Honours to be 
adjusted which (viewing the Largeness of my 
Family with their Necessary Wants) proves a 
very great hardship & disappointm\ having 
abandon 'd and Left my Native Country for y. 
Hon". Service hoping humbly my Industry & 

336 CoLoxLVL Records 

James Louis Camnse to the Trustees. 

Care in the Colony have been and is Accepted 
in that Branch of propagation -^vhich I profess 
And as a Proof of my Diligence have Sent y''. 
Hon". 141/2 silk Avoirdupoise Weight & if the 
quality of it is not agreeable I am ready to 
falSu?^^""" further my Assiduity at y^ Hon'^. Command. 
The Silk Manufacture would abundantly In- 
crease if it was by the Grovernment Advanced 
and forwarded If y"". Hon", deem it advizeable 
to favour the business it is absolutely necessary 
to pennit me Some Servants to assist me as also 
a Horse &: Cart which pleasur'd with do promise 
the advancement of the Manufacture to y^ 
Hon", great Satisfaction. I have petition 'd 
Several Times M^ Causton likewise his Excel- 
lency Gen'. Oglethorpe but to no Effect there- 
fore I humbly Intreat y^ Hon", that I may be 
paid my Wages otherwise cannot be able to per- 
form my above proanise and the favour of a Let- 
ter from y^ Hon", in which y" Hon". Commands 
directed to James Louis Camus having Sent 
Several Letters to y Hon", but never favour'd 
with an Answer, and if not directed to me it 
will be as has been heretofore — 

From y^ Submissive Servan^t as jin Duty 
bound shall 

ever pray &<? 

James Lous Camus 

March y. 20'\ 1739. 


Mr. Zeigenhagen to Mr. Vernon. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

A Letter from Mr. Ziegenhagen to Mr. Ver- 

Nox with a letter from Genl. Oglethorpe 

TO ]\Ir. Bolzius 26 March 1740. 

Kensington March y^ 26^''. 1740. 

Hon^ Sir. 

Not having yesterday ye pleasure to see yon 
at ye Society in Bartlet's Buildings : I send you 
here a Copy of General Oglethorp's Letter to ye 
Rev^ M^ Boltzius, relating to a Missionary for 
Prederica, which ye General is desirous' to have mtssionlry ^ 

. for 

from Hall. But as in j\ Letter is nothing said Frederica. 
of ye Charges that are necessarily required for 
ye sending a Missionary, I did not think proper 
to send ye General's Letter to Professor Franck 
without having before your Advice and opinion, 
and Hy your means ye opinion of ye Hon'"^ ye 
Trustees. I remain with particular Estim 

Hon^ Sir 

your much obhged humble 


Fried: Mich: Ziegenhagen. 


Colonial Records 

Gen. Oglethorpe to the Rev. Mr. Bolzius. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.1 

Copy of letter from General Oglethorpe to 
The Rev. ]\[r. Bolzius. 

Savannah in Georgia 3^ Nov. 1739. 

A minister 


with Mr. 



wanted for 



ReV^. Sir. 

I was speaking to you of the Situation of sev- 
eral Dutch Families, who are already at Fred- 
erica, and others who are coming thither, in the 
great want, they were of one who could preach 
the Gospel in their Language. The edifying 
manner in which you have behaved in this 
Colony makes me Desirous of obtaining a Min- 
ister from the Place where you were E<lucated, 
and tho' I cannot hope to have one with the 
same perfections, yet I am perswaded those 
bred with i\P. Professor Francke under his Ex- 
cellent Discipline, do partake of the same Spirit, 
therefore I should Desire you to obtain one for 
me, I will take care of giving him £40. p. ann : 
for his maintenance here, and should be very 
glad if in your first Letter to Germany you 
would mention this and the sooner he arrives 
the better. I am 

Re\'^. Sir 

Your very humble servant 

James Oglethorpe. 

Correspondence 339 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

(From B. P. K. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Copy of Genl. Oglethrope's answer to ^Ir. 
Jones's Representation relating to the Or- 
phans, inclosed with the Genls Letter to 
THE Trustees. 

Charles Town April 2^ : 1740. 


I acquainted yon in ony last of our taking Fort 
S*. Francis, since which we have had some fur- 
ther Advantages. Carolina has voted £120,000 
Assistance, a Regiment of Foot, a T'l-oop of 
Horse &c^ and the Men of War assist in attack- 
ing the Town and blockading the Castle of 

I send you inclosed a Copy of my answer to 
M'. Jones's Representation relating to the Or- 
phans', I am in great huriy to go to the South- 
ward, and am 

Your most obedient 
humble servant 

James Oglethorpe. 


*'As for Milledge's Brother and Sister I 
*' think y^ representation is very just, that the 
''taking them away to the Orphan house will 
''break up a family, which is in a likely way of 


Colonial Records 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

In re-gard to 
the Orphan 

"living comfortably. M'. AYhitefields design is 
*'for the good of y^ people and the Glory of 
**God, and I dare say, when he considers this 
''he will be very well satisfied with the Boy and 
"Girls' return^: to their Brother John Mil- 
pledge, since they can assist him, and you may 
"allow them upon my account the Provisions 
"they used to have upon the Ori^han account. 
"Upon this head I am to acquaint you that I 
"have inspected the Grant relating to the Or- 
"plian house, ]\P. Seward said that the Trus- 
"tees had granted the Oi*phans to M\ "White- 
"field, but I showed him that it could not be in 
"the Sense he at first seemed to understand it. 
"It is most certain that Orphans are human 
"Creatures, & neither Cattel nor any other kind 
"of Chattells, therefore cannot be granted, but 
"the Trust have granted the Care of the help- 
"less Orphans to M'. Whitefield & have given 
"him 500*^ Acres of Land and a power of col- 
"lecting Charities, as a Consideration for main- 
"taining all y^ Orphans who are in necessity in 
"this Province, and thereby the Trustees think 
"themselves discharged from maintaining of 
"any but the same time, the Trustees have not 
"given, as I see, any power to M^ Whitefield to 
"receive the Effects of the Orphans, much less 
"to take, by force any Orphans who can main- 
"tain themselves, or whom any other substan- 
"tial person will maintain. The Trustees in 
"this, act according to the Law of England, in 
"case Orphans are left destitute they become 
"the Charge upon the Parish, & the Parish may 
"put them out to be taken care of, but if any 

Correspondence 341 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

'person will maintain them so that they are 
'not chargeable to the Parish, then the Parish 
'doth not meddle with them, and since the 
'taking away of the Court of Wards and Liv- 
'eries, the Guardianship of Orphans is in their 
'next Relation, or themselves at a certain age 
'can chuse their Guardians, and the Judges, 
'Chancellor Magistrates Szc^. have the Same In- 
'spection over the Effects and persons of the 
'Orphans, as they have over those of His 
'Majesty's other Subjects, and the Effects and 
'persons of Orjjhans are as much under the 
'Protection of the Laws, as those of any other 
'of His Majesty's Subjects. I send a Copy of 
'this Paragraph to Colonel Stephens, and think 
'it would be right in You and him to give an 
'account to the Trustees of this matter, and of 
'all other things relating to the Orphan house." 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.^ 

Genl. Oglethorpe's letter to the Trustees 
RECD 12 June 1740 

Savannah lO'**: April 1740. 


I was in hopes to have saved y^ charge of the 
Garrison of Augusta on my first arrival here 
by y* Regular Troops, and for that purpose sent 
up a Second Ensign and 14 Men; but the Boat men 

^ drowned. 

being cast away and the Officer and most of the 
men being drowned I never was able to spare a 

342 Colonial Records 

Rev. Mr. Norris to Benjamin Martyn, Esq. 

Party since, by reason of the Spanish Alanns, 
so could not reduce that 'Garrison and it being 
continued, I have been obUged to pay into M\ 
Jones's hands Money for discharging the Ar- 
rears, and which I desire You would pay to i\r. 
Verelst on my account. I shall relieve the 
Garrison with the King's Troops as soon as the 
Siege of Augustine is over, & thereby save the 
?^^teTe&s- Expence of the Trustees IMen; but a Constable 
and a Magistrate will be very necessary there, 
and an allowance for them, since that is the 
great Resort for the Indian Trade & there is a 
very pretty Town built, with a number of white 
Families without any Expence to y^ T^ust 
except the Garrison for their Protection. I am 
Your very humble sers^*. 

James Oglethorpe. 

A constable 

trate neces. 


(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Lettefw from the Rev. Mr. Norris to thk 
Sectry to Bexjamix Martyn Esq. at yt: Geor- 
gia Office near Pal.a.ce Yard. Westminster 
London. Recd 2 August 1740. 


Frederica May the 7'*". 1740. 

As I had been much fatigued & hurryed, when 
Cap\ Thompson sail'd, in the settling of my 


Rev. Mr. Norris to Benjamin Martj-n, Esq. 

Affairs at Savannah, & my frequent Journeys 
between the Xothern & Southern Part.s of j^ 
Colony, tlie whole AYeight of y^ Ministerial 
Labours lying; on me, I was obliged to put off 
my "Writing to the Hon: &e y Trustees by y' 
Opportunity. Since I came hither I looked for Jtale^orthe^ 
y^ Opportunity. Since I came hither I looked 
for y' Leisure w^". W^. allow me to acquaint them 
w^". y^ Spiritual State of y^ Colony, a Copy of 
my Eegister, an Acc^ of y^ Publick Libraries, & 
many other Matters w^^. I sh'^. recommend to 
their Attention. But as our own Colonies here 
are engaged in an offensive "War against the 
Spaniards, Gen^ Oglethorpe thinks it necessary 

The Colonies 
engaged in 
war against 
the Span- 

I sb*^. attend the People on their Expedition ag^*. iards. 
S'. Augustine. I had not an Hour's Xotice here- 
of before ye. Gen', sailed, ^^ I expect hourly to 
be called upon to go w"\ y^ remaining Body of 
Troops ^\^^. are ready to embark, so y' I am 
obliged to put ever}' thing out of my Hands. 
However, I hope Coll. Stephens has from Time 
to Time acquainted ye Trustees w^^. y^ most 
material Circumstances of w\ might have hap- 
pened here, w'''. will, I doubt not, prepare them 
to enter upon such Resolutions as may reform 
the Abuses w^*". have too much prevailed here. 

I beg leave to obtain the Favour of making 
my Duty & Compliments known to my L'^ Eg- 
mont, & y^ Rev^. M'. Smith, Sc to assure them y*. 
I shall take y^ first Opportunity of acknowledg- 
ing the Favour of their kind Letters, & ac- 

f - I 

344 Colonial Eecofds 

Wm. Stephens to the Secretary. 

quainting them w^\ whatever may be agreeable 
or useful. 

I am S^ 

Y'. most 

obedient Serv'. 

Will: Xorris 

(From B. P. E. O., B. of T, Georgia, Yol. 21.) 

Wm. Stephens Esqe. to the Secretary Recd 2 
OF August 1740 

Savannah 14 May. 1740. 

A suddain and immediate occasion offerino- 
of a conveyance to Charles Town, whilst I am 
preparing a full packett to send to the honour- 
able Trust, & knowing how- rarely any oppor- 
tunity now is to be found of corresponding with 
M"". Hopton there, since most of our Boats' are 
impressd to attend that important Serv-ice in the 
South; rather than let any slip, without some- 
thing from me; I catch at this, to acknowledge 
the receipt of your favour of the 5'\ of Dec last, 
which came to my hand here the 7^^ of this 
instant; when I also receivd one from M'. 
Verelst of the same date; wherewith you will 
please to acquaint liiim; & also y' his 2 letters of 
the 10^\ & 12^\ of December came to my hands 
here the 9^\ instant. The reasons of these 4 

Correspondence 345 

Wra. Stephens to the Secretary. 

letters being so long on their way, may appear 
noted in my Journal on the days I reeeivd them ; 
which having by me commonly ready coppied, I 
ask leave to offer as a short amusement, till I 
dispatch fully what I make my Task at present ; 
and to put it under Cover S^ to you, who were 
pleased to infonn me of the honourable Tms- 
tees farther Beneficence to me and my Son, in 
so kind a manner. Allow me therefore to make 
use of the same means whereby I got the first 
intelligence of their Bounty, to pay retribution 
in the best acknowledgments I am capable of; 
w'^''. I Imow no better way to exemplify, than by 
a constant uniform Zeal in promoting the Pub- 
lick Ser\ace as I am instructed : and happy 
would it be, if I could once see (which I will not 
despair of yet before tis too late) an utter cessa- 
tion of all malicious & Wicked contrivances, car- 
ried on by a very few, to poison the Minds of 
Well meaning people; animated thereto by a revenKe 

CI J. IT J "^ caused by 

Spirit of Eevenge, at the Disappointments they JJif^^enta 

have met with, in their attempts for a while 


I can write nothing new, more than what 
you'll find among the daily occurrences in the 
enclosed papers. The expectance we now have 
of soon hearing the Generals near approach to 
Augustine, draws every Bodys attentin that 
way. Tis so long since I had any ace' of my 
Son, y' I admire what he can be doing : & am at 
a Loss to think when I may expect him again ; 
wherein if he fails me, I must immediately look 
out for another to help me ; being unable alone 

346 CoLoxiAL Records 

Dan: Waterland to the Rev. Dr. Hales. 

to cany on the needful! part of Wiiting ^^. is 
of late so multiplyd. 

Please to acquaint M^ Eyre, to whom I desire 
to offer my due Respects, y*. his Kinsman since 
his return from the Indian Xations, left in 
charge with me some Manufacturers of those 
people, to be transmitted to him, when I send my 
next Packett; w^*". I shall do carefully putting 
them in a Box. Herewith I send a few letters, 
committed to my care, among which ]\r. Eyre 
will receive One. / I am / S''. 

Your veiy humble Servant 

Will : Stephens. 

To M^ Benjamin Martyn Sec'-^ 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

To THE Reverend Dr. Hales of Tuddington 
NEAR Hampton Court ix Surrey. 



Magdalen College, Cambr. June 1^. 1740. 

Dear S^ 

Upon my coming hither, I met with a Letter 

from M^ Clarke of East Barkwith in Lincoln- MetcYif'^''"'. 

shire, relating to M'. William Metcalfe's accep- tion as mis- 

, , sionary to 

tance of my Proposal of his going Missionary Georgia. 

Correspondence 347 

Dan: Waterland to the Rev. Dr. Hales. 

to Georgia. The Account, in M". Clarkes' 
words, is as follows, 

''Tlie Favour of yours of the W. Instant I 
''received, and immediately on receipt thereof, 
''wrote a Line to ^L\ Metcalfe; which thro' the 
"negligence of the Postmaster or of the Coun- 
"tryman He deliverd it to, come not to his 
"hand till Tuesday the 20^\ The verj^ next day, 
"He came to Barkwith, when I laid hefore Hinn 
"your proposal, shewing Him at the same time 
"your Letter. 

"He likes the Thing mighty well, and being 
"sensible of your Favour & kindness to Him, in 
"so advantagious an offer, accepts of it with 
"all due acknowledgments and Thankfulness. 
"He has been in Priests Orders some Time, is 
"secure of a Testimonial from such Persons 
"and for such a space as your Letter Mentions, 
"and will be making the necessary Dispositions, 
"that in case you Succeed in your Application, 
"He may be in a readiness to follow such orders 
"or directions as He shall thereupon have the 
"Honour to receive from you. — George Clarke. 

' ' May 28^\ East Barkwith 

"Near Ragby Lincolnshire. 

This Answer is clear and full. Therefore 
now I am to desire you, to lay the matter before 
the Trustees and to give them some Account of 
the Qualifications of the young man, as men- 
tioned in a fonner Letter of M'. Clarke's which 
I shewed you ; and tlion to send me word what I 

348' Colonial Records 

The Rev. Mr. W'm. Metcalfe to Mr. Verelst. 

must do next, or what word I must send to M'. 
Metcalfe, or to his Friend M". Clarke, under 
whom He has been Curate 7 or 8 years which 
will oblige S'. 


Affectionate Humble Servant 

Dan: Waterland. 

M'. Metcalfs Qualifications w'^\ D^ Waterland 

Mr. Metcaif Says lie showcd me in a former Letter were 

J?elS^" that he was one of the most eminent Preachers 

of that countrey, &• had a most excellent way of 

reading Prayers, for w'". he was much esteemed 

in that Countrey. 

(From B. P. E. O., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from the Peverend Mr. "Wm. Metc.^xfe 
TO Mr. Verelst the Georgla. Office in Old 
Palace Yard — Westminster London 

RECD 23 June 1740 


Being recommended by D". Waterland and D^ 
Hales for a Missionary in Georgia I take the 
liberty to apply to you, having their Order for 
so doing; to know when it will be necessary to 
come to Towm. For D^ Hales tells me that 
Lieutenant Horton carries recruits thither in 
six Weeks time, with whoan I may have an Op- 
portunih^ to go ; I suppose I must be in To\vn 

Correspondence ' 349 

The Rev. Mr. Wm. Metcalfe to Mr. Verelst. 

«ome time before in Order to prepare Matters 
for that Voyage. Your answer therefore will 
very much oblige Y^ unknown 
humble Servant 

William Metcalfe. 

S^ If you direct for me at Imingham near 
Castor Lincolnshire it will come safe. 

Imngham June 18'\ 1740. 

(From B. P. E. O., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from the Eev. Mr. Metcalfe recd 11 
July 1740 To Mr. Verelst at the G-eorgia 
Office in Old Palace Yajid Westtviinster 


Being recommended by D". Hales and I^. 
Waterland to the Trustees for Georgia, & accep- 
ted of by them, for a Missionary there : I was 
ordered by D'. Hales, to write to you, to know, 
when it wou'd be time for me to come to Town: 
he tells me it will be needf uU for me to be in Lon- 
don some time before, to prepare matters. The 
D^ also infoimi'd me that Li-eutenant Horton 
goes thither in a short time, with whom I shou'd 
have an Opportunity to go. Accordingly I wrote 
to you above a fortnight ago, desiring you wou'd 
be so good, as to let me know, when I must be 
in Town ; in Order to go V\ the abovementioned 

350 Colonial Records 

Rev. Mr. Whitefield to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

Gentleman; but as yet receiving no Answer 
from you, I fear my Letter lias some way mis- 
carried. So I beg youll be so good as to give 
me an Answer by the very next Post 
W\ will infinitely Oblige S^ ye 
unknown but very humble 

William Metcalfe. 

Iimingham July 8^*". 1740. 

P. S. If you direct for me at Imingham near 
Caster Lincolnshire it will come safe. 

(From B. P. E. O., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from the Eevd. Mr. Whitefield eecd S 
April 1740 to Mr. Harman Verelst at the 
Georgia Office Westminster. 

Savannah Jan: 28'^ 1739/40. 


In a letter dated the 16"". instant ; I informed 
Yon that M'. Habersham had taken up 500 
Acres of Land which I find since lies on the 
Continent opposite Westward to M^ Noble 
¥ones's^pfan- Joues his Plantation on the Island of Hope, & 
Island of adjoyning Southward to a Tract of Land pos- 
sessed by M^ Stephens & M^ Mercer. This 
ti-act of Land M". Habersham since my Arrival 
has surrendered to me, & thereby has prevented 

Correspondence 351 

Rev. Mr. Whitefield to Mr. Hannan Verelst. 

my taking possession of W. How's lot. I there- 
fore desire that the Honourable Trustees will be 
pleased to send me a Fresh Grant of these 500 
Acres of Land to me & my Successors for ever, 
with the Immunities mentioned in my last. The 
building of this Orphan-house I find will be of 
great ser\dce to the Colony in general. It pre- 
vents many leaving the place & I believe will hoSse of 
be an Encouragement for others to coime over. fo^tiiV^" '*^^ 
It is about 10 miles from the Town & I intend 
contributing largely towards making a Great 
Cartroad from Savannah thither v,""^. ^vill be 
very serviceable to all the Plantations there- 
about. I have taken in many Children & am 
taking in fresh ones dayly. I purpose emploj-ing 
some of them in the Cotton Manufactory. I 
am just setting a Weaver to work & have en- 
gaged to take all the Cotton that shall be planted 
in the Colony the Emsuing Year So that I hope 
Savannah, thro' the Divine blessing, will yet lift 
up her drooping head — I am sorry to inform 
the Hon*'^^ Trustees that their Orders are not 
punctually obeyed. Colonel Stevens says He 
has not mony to build the Jury room. Little p^nds in 
care is taken about the 5 Acre lot, & tho' a Xew to^ufid* 
room was begun in the Parsonage house when I ^^^^ ^°^^' 
left Savannah, yet I find it now Unfinishd — 
The Church or rather Court-house I supply with 
Candles out of my own Store. And upon the 
whole it grieves me to think how insensibly the 
Colony \^dll decay imless more care is taken to 
Obey the Trustees Orders. In a letter sent from 
the Honourable Trustees to Colonel Stevens I 
find thev desire to know how the building of the 

352 Colonial Records 

Rev. Mr. Whitefleld to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

Churcli goes on. I answer not at all ; Nor any 
likelihood of its being set on foot. And yet noth- 
ing would more encourage the people. If the 
Trustees will put into my hands the mony that 
has been given on that account, I will make a 
handsome Addition to it & see !tihe Church 
finished out of hand. If not I believe it will never 
be done. For the General in all likelihood will be 
more engaged ever>^ day, And no person here 
seems to have heart to do any thing without his 
Orders — I shall wait a little longer to see what 
amendments will be made in the Affairs of 
Eeligion — If there's no alteration for the bet- 

Affs-irs of 

reiigrion. tcr & the Church be not built, I shall think it 
my duty to inform pious people in a publick 
manner, how little good has been done mth their 
Charitable Contributions — After I begun this 
M^ Jenkins the former Trustee for the Or- 
phans has been with me. If the Tmstees please 
I will take the Orphans effects' into my hands, 
And I should be glad if the Magistrates wall not 
settle with him that He may have orders to give 
up his Accounts to me. I have only time to 
desire a speedy answer & to subscribe myself 
Your very humble ser'. 

George Whitefield. 

S'. ps. 

I had not room to mention how sadly Captain 
Thomson has been detained at Frederica. He 
came hither but last night, & a parcel I sent by 
him not vet deliverd. Such proceedings must 

Correspondence 353 

Saml. Davison to Mr. Verelst. 

be of great service to the Colonv. Besides, I 

find the Court - house V!-"^. was bes^un when I S^"''^- 

" house. 

left Georgia & was intended for a place of wor- 
ship, was put a stop to at the General's Arrival 
& nothing done towards it since. 

Savannah Jan. 28''^ : 1739/40. 


(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from Saml. Davison to ^Ir. Verelst 28 
April 1740 


I Lately Received your Favour of the [space] 
June last in which you write me that The Hon"^ 
The Trustees have been pleased to Appoint me 
overseer of their Sei-v^ants & to Apply to Doct^ 
Hawkins, for the Commission & Instructions but ovTr^Sr^f 
The Doct^ tells me that he has Appointed 
another in my Room One Shats. a German Trust 
Servant who came over in Decemb. 1738. & who 
hardly knows one word of English. 

In June last The Magistrates finding that the 
Town began to be Populous, thought it neces- 
sary to Licence another Publickhouse (one not 
being Sufficient) & in regard to My Family they {J^S^'g^g. 
Licensed me, but The Docf. & his vdie daily 
threatens to pull me down & in Spight to me 
has Licenced another Publick house &: I imagine 
he has wrote against me to The Hon'^'". The 
Trustees this 111 treatment gives me a great 

Relating to 

354 CoLONiAi. Records 




Saml. Davison to Mr. Verelst. 

deal of uneasiness. I beg their Honours would 
not be prejudiced against me by his writing 
without a Just Cause but let me Clear my Self 
from any 111 he can Say. I have always & Shall 
Continue to behave my Self so as to bring no 
Disgrace upon me or incur the displeasure of 
my kind Benefactors. 

Inclosed I send you Copy of My acco^. with 
The Hon^'^ The Tnistees Store Keeper here & 
a Copy of my Warrants as Constable & Searcher 
& also my Petition to their Honnours which I 
beg you ^"ill please to Lay before them & if it 
be not too much trouble Pray Favour me with 
their Answer, the hard duties & the Frequent 
Alarms, have made my Place of Constable veiy 
heavy having been obliged to Watch Some time 
5 Nights in 7. 

I have Cleard & Fenced oH Acres, of my 45 
Acres besides my Acre Lot which makes 6% 
Acres, I raised this last Season about — 

60 Bushels of Corn. 
50 Ditto of Potatoes. 
8 D° of Pease. 

but my servant being out of his time it will be 
very hard for me to Cultivate the Same this 
Year, His Excellency Gen'. Oglethorpe told me 
that there was a Servant allowed to each of us 
Constables but that W. Causton had Sunkt or 
Squandered the Money. I was promise^ a 
Preemium & a great Encouragement for Indus- 
trious People, but the Least have we not found : 

Correspondence 355 

Woodward & Flowftr to the Trustees, 

all which I Leave to Their Houn". Consider- 
ation & am with Respect 


Your most Obed' : humble serv* : 

The X Mark 
of Samuel davison. 

Frederica Jan: 16*^ 1739/40. 

M^ Horton who goes by this Oppty. 
has promisd me his good Offices with 
The Hon\ The Trustees that they may 
grant me my Petition. M^ Moore his 
Excell: Secretary has paid me £2: 10: 
for one Quarter of the Constable 
Salary from Michaelmass to Christmas 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from "Woodward & Flower to the 
HoxBLE Trustees for Establishing the 
Colony of Georgia in/ America at their 
Office Old Palace Yard. Westminsteh 
London. Recd 30 July 1740. 

Hon^ Sirs, 

Wee rely upon your Goodness' for Excuse, in 
troubling you with Our Affairs, which no Doubt 
to your honours must seem triffling, tho' to us 
of Consequence. Wee must acquaint your 


Colonial Records 

Woodward & Flower to the Trustees. 

Cargo of 
molasses & 
sugars pur- 
chased for 
the Colony. 

Honours, that it has Always been understood by 
most people in this province & especially by 
Our Selves, That All Goods whatsoever, come 
from where they would Proviso they were ex- 
pended in the Colony of Georgia, were there 
free from paying any Dutys to either the King 
or the Ti-ustees. And upon that Faith soonetime 
in July last, wee fitted out a small Vessell to 
Cape Francois a place belonging to the French 
upon high Espaniola, With Order to the Captain 
to purchase a Cargo of Molasses & Sugars, And 
to make the best of his Way back for Savanna in 
Georgia, where he was to dispose of them. But 
to Our great Surprize At his Anivall the Of- 
ficers Oblidged Us to give in Bond for the Dutys 
of the Molasses & Sugars, till Such time as they 
should know your Hon", pleasure. Which if 
your honours insist upon, the payment will be 
very nigh as much As the sugars' & molasses 
are generally sold for in Savanna. Wee also 
desire your hon'■^ would Consider that we had 
no design of Shipping it off for any other placo 
And that we entirely designd the Cargo for 
Georgia supposing no Dutys were to have been 
payd, having known Spanish Sugars, French 
Coffee (k; Soap landed & Enter 'd there & no 
Dutys payd or Demanded. We should think 
it something hard to be the first who should be 
made Suft'erers, for had it been otherways, and 
that all Goods were under the same Restrictions 
as in Any other of his Majesty's Colonys, it 
ought to have been made known to the trading 
people of that place by the proper Officers, but 
to this Day they all Seem to be Strangers to 

Correspondence .357 

Woodward & Flower to the Trustees. 

what is Lyable to Entry & what is not. Tbo' 
they have Seized 2 Caggs of Coffee Qr^^ 50^ 
Weight & Six small Boxes Soap in All about 
200. belonging to the Cap private venture as 
Goods' not Lyable to an Entry, which we would 
take as a particular ffavour if your Hon'^. would 
order the same to be returned. The Magistrates 
having taking them into their Custody Only till 
such time as they should Imow how to proceed 
On Information of Your Honours. 

We have an Acc°". Depending with the Colony 
of Georgia for £473 ..6 .. 10^ Currency for 
sundry Goods sent to M'". Thomas Causton & by 
his Older alimost two years agone. Wee have 
been put off for the payment from time to time 
allways saying they expected money from your 
Honours for discharging of All the Outstanding 
Debts, contracted by M'". Causton We have 
received so many Trifling Excuses that we begin 
to loose all hopes of ever being payd on this side 
of the Water. Which we think very hard being 
Goods bought by us all for ready money. The 
last Answer we had on this head was not 
a Week agone j\P. Tho'. Jones said he would 
remember to mention it to your Honours And 
that he would Certefy that the Acc°. was just. 
Having so much Reason not to have any ffurther 
Dependance on Their Promise wee have swore 
to the Acc°. and have sent the same to Mess". 
Tho'. & Son of London with a Draught on your 
Honours in their ffavour for £59 .. 3 .. 4*^ Sterl- 
ing At 8 for One is £473 ., 6 .. 10 Currency 
Which we hope your Hon'', will be so Good as to 

'358 Colonial Records 

Rev. Mr. Whitefleld to the Tru.stees. 

pay. For it never <?aii be supposed that vre 
would ever have given M". Tho\ Causton the 
Credit be lias had from time to time of Us had 
we not lookea upon him As every body that had 
any Deahngs with him did As your Agent and 
consequently Lyable to discharge all Debts Con- 
tracted by him in your Honours Xaraes /Wee 

Hon^ Sirs 

Your most Obed^ & hum'''^ Sei"vants 

"Woodward & Flower. 

Beaufort Port Royall Febry 5^\ 17^9/40. 

(From B. P. E. O., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from the Revd Mr. Whitefield to the 

Savannah March W. 1739/40. 


Since I wrote my two last letters, I have been 
to the Southward part of the Colony, to pay 
my respects to the General, & to fetch all the 
Orphans I could meet vrith there — AtrFrederiea 
I could hear of none, but found four Scotch Or- 
phans at the Darien w'*'. I brought to Savannah 
with me— M^ Mackintosh & :\K Macleod the 
Minister were very willing to part with them, 
as will appear from their answer to the General, 
a Copy of which I have now sent. But what the 


Rev. Mr. WhitefleUl to the Trustees. 

General's sentiments were, may be seen by the 
enclosed, w''". He e:ave me liimself & wliich He 

. Genl. Ogle. 

sent to the above mentioned Gentlemen. I thorpe's s^n- 

t}nnent.s in 

should be glad to know whether there are not orfhan.e'^ 
many Evasions in it directly contraiy to the 
Grant given me? And whether or no all Or- 
phans in general, tho 14 or 15 Years old, that 
have been maintained at the Publick exi>enee 
are not to reap the benefit of this Charity'' M^ 
Parker made some objections against delivering 
np two that were at his house, but was overuled 
by the other Magistrates of Savannah. For 
supposing they are provided for as to tlieir 
bodies', yet they are destitute of means to im- 
prove their souls. And if they can w^ork, I think 
the Orphan-house has a better claim to it than 
any private person whatsoever; it being intend- 
ed as a Publick Xursery for Planters & Mechan- Xml^s^'' 
icks. The Children under my care go to school "^^^■^-^^'^'^^^ 
only 4 or 5 hours in the day. The rest of their 
time is employed in working. The spinning goes 
on w^ell — The plantation & house are in great 
forwardness, & ere long I hope all will see the 
benefit of this institution — I think I have 
nothing but the glory of God & the good of 
this Colony at heart. I doubt not but You 
Gentlement will strengthen my hands, & not per- 
mit any person to undo here, what You trans- 
act in England — In my last I mentioned the 
building of the Church — Since that, the Gen- 
eral has advanced me a hundred & fifty pounds 
to make a beginning. If You will be pleased to 
remit me the rest of the mony that is given for 
that pui*pose, I hope to see the Church built 

360 Colonial, Records 

Merrs. Stirling, Grant, Douglass and Baillie to the Trustees. 

before my return to England. Wlien I go to 
Philadelphia I design to bring fresh hands with 
me back to cany on the work. And if You 
think proper for the future, when any thing is 
to be done within my sphere in the Affairs of 
Religion, be pleased to order mony to be paid 
into my hands, & by the help of God, I will see 
it Effectually & speedily expended. I have 
nothing at present to add but my hearty prayers 
that God's holy spirit may in all things rule 
Your hearts, & to subscribe myself Hon^*^. S". / 
Your very humble Ser'S 

George AYliiteneld. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from Messrs. Stirling, Grant Douglass 
AND Baillie to the Honorable the Trustees 
for Establishing the Colony of Georgla. in 
America At their Office neab Old Palace 
Yard Westminster. Recd 2 May 1740 ^ 
Capt Wm. Thomson Q. D. C. 

May it please your Honours 

We us'd the freedome of Petitioning your 
Honours of the T'. June last, for a Tract of 
Land therein particularly Describ'd; But As we 
have not as yet Received any Answer, we are 
apt to Believe it has miscarried, which Occas- 
ions our Sending Inclosed a Copy of the Same 

Correspondence 361 

Benjn. Adams to the Trustees. 

Petition; Annent which we Beg to know your 
Honours Pleasure, xVnd are 
Your Honours 

Most Obeu : hble Serv"\ 

W". Stirling 
And^ Grant 
Da. Douglass 
Tho : Baillie 

Georgia, Savannah 
15"^. March 1739/40. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from Benjn. Adams to the Honorable 
THE Trustees for establishing ye Colony of 
Georgia in America, at their Office at 
AVestminster London. Recd 15 May 1740 

Savannah March 16^\ 1740. 


I must beg Pardon for troubling Your Hon'"^: 
thus far, but my treatment Since I came into 
this Colony has been Such. I cant help telling 
y'. Hon^ : a part of it. I Came here with a view 
of putting my Self, into a handsome way of 
providing for My faimily, and brought a Suffi- ^^^ causton 
cient Quantity of Mony to do it, but M": Cans- ormo^ey.^ 
ton, Y': Hon"^: Agent Soon found y Depth of 
My Pockett, and borrowd all My Mony from Me, 
Even to y^ Last Guniea he ^lade Me Butcher for 
y Store, which took me oif from plantation 

362 Colonial Records 

Benjn. Adams to the Trustees. 

Work, lie gave me at first, a Large Boom to hope 
for good Success from that but Soon found the 
Contrary, I found my hands was Soon tyed 
behind me; I did not in y^ Least doubt but I 
should have had my Mony when I had a Call 
for it, but Soon found my Self Mistaken ; Sever* 
bargains, both* heep, & hogs, and Other Como- 
ditys, offerd at y** , but when I went to ask 
for My Mony to trade mth, I was Deny'd, and 
M'. Causton Commonly Engrost the whole, tis 
near four Years I Lett ]\P. Causton have Fifty 
Pounds Sterling, and Now I must tell y^ Hon"^. 
I think it is high time that both Princiaple and 
Interest was paid. I am not the Only person 
Ruined by here that has been Entirely Ruined, by Such 
ceedings^ base Proceedings, we believe he has all along 
traded with our Mony, and by it has Debard us 
from getting our liveing; or promoting the In- 
terest of y^ Colony. Obligd us' to take goods 
out of y* Store at his own prices ; and that trade 
is Still Carryed on in a high Degree, that here 
is No Room for any trades people, whilst Your 
Hon", alows y*. Store to trade in Such a Man- 
ner — 

I must beg of Y^ Hon", to Oilier me payment 
of My Mony, that I may be Capiable of paying 
my debts here and go into Some Other jAace to 
gett my liveing. My Debt which stands on your 
Hon": books is about Fifty pounds Sterling,. 
which Sume I Could have often Converted to 
Many uses, and have been Capiable of paying 
some of My Debts but for y* want of it I have 
been Oblig'd to Run my Self farther in, and 

Correspondence 363 

Benjn. Adams to the Trustees. 

doiit Know when I Shall be Capiable of paying 
it, the 111 conveniencies I have, and do Labour 
under Ever Since I Came here, has been no 
Small hindrance to me, both in planting; or 
following my trade, I have been Crediably In- 
form 'd that y^ Ilon^': Sent Mony out by Cap^ 
Tompson to pay off y^ publick debts ; and Xow 
I am Inform 'd that M". Jones and others is 
makeing use of it, to their own advantage, not- 
withstanding there is so many of us Starving 
for y^ want of our own. 

Esq'. Oglethorpe was pleas 'd to say in Open 
Court, any person Should be wellcome to take 
provision out of the Store for their Mony ; but 
that talk prov'd like some of his former, for I 
soon found j^ Contrary, and has been deny'd 
Soverall times. I will not trouble y^ Hon"^: 
with more at present, but to [torn] I should 
have [torn] Capiable with My own, and y« 
[torn] er Encouragements as I do Imagine y^ 
Hon""": did Design, to have been able to have 
Supplyd this town ^vith all meat kind, And 
should not have been at this time Labouring 
under this Misfortune, of Sending all the Cash 
out of y^ Colony to buy provissions, and beg- 
gering ourselves and f amilys ; I hope y'. Hon", 
will take my most Melencholy Case in to y'. 
Considerations and orde me pajnnent of my 
mony Shortly 

I am y'" : Hon" : Duty full Servant to Conmiand 

Benjamin Adams. 


Colonial. Records 

Jno. Fallowfleld to the Trustees. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 
A Copy of a Letter from Jno Fallowfield to 


May 1740. 

Savannah March y" 17'\ 1739/40. 

May it please your Honours 

I take this oppertunity of acquainting your 

Honours, That upon the ll'\ Ultimo arrived in 

this' River; the Scooner Beafort, Nicholas Leg- 

^ ^.^.. . all Master, from Hispaniolo, who ha\dng got on 

Prohibited ' jr 7 00 

of? uif'^^*^ Board Sundry sorts of Counterband Ic prohibi- 
Be^?t" ted Goods with out Any Regular Clearance, I 
took upon me to Make the Owner Joseph Ed- 
ward Flower, Give Bond in liis ]\[ajesty'^ name. 
for payment of the Dutys of such of the Goods 
as are Enterable and made Seizure of Two 
small Casks of Coffee and Six small Boxes of 
Castile Soap, not Enterable, w*^. are now & shall 
Continue safe in my possession till 'further 
orders and Instructions from your Honours, in 
w*'''. Let me presume to Beg you'l be particular, 
and full, that I mav never afterwards be at a 
Loss how to xVct in Cases paralell with this or 
any other Branches of Customs Some Months 
since I used the Freedom of acquainting your 
Honours of a Bond I had taken from Cap'. 
Caleb Davis of £20 .. 13 . Sterling for payment 
of the Dutys of goods Tlien On Board one of his 
Sloops Lying in this River but whether My Let- 

Correspondence 365 

John Pye to the Trustees. 

ter Miscarried or Otherwayes, I never yet had 
any retur* 

I am Your Honours Most Obedient Huirable 


John Fall owfield. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from John Pye to the Trustees 
Eecd 22 June 1741 

Savannah March 25^^ : 1740. 


I am Sorry to Troul-le your Honours with 
my tiiffliug Affairs And indeed I would not was 
not my Spirits Crampt by the Usage of the 
Many Enemys I have gain'd by Bearing the 
Commission Your Honours was Pleas 'd to Con- mies incur- 
fer on me, And the Non pa^mient of my Sallery count^of ^^ 
to Support my Familly, Believe me Honourable f.^^^^-f^eel 
Gentlemen I am Drove to the greatest Extrem- 
ity and dont know what to do Unless Your Hon- 
ours shall be pleas 'd to Consider my Case and 
send me some Relief — 

Was it not for the Assistance my Brother in 
Law M^ John Brownfield have given me by rlclf^S'^^^^ 
Sendin'^ me Monev to purchase a few things to in°i2w/Mr. 

-« . X ^ j^^^ Brown- 

Retail I must have been Obhg'd Contrary to my aeid. 
Desire to have Left Savannah Long Since; 
Among other things I purchased one Barrill of 


Colonial Records 

John Pye to the Trustees. 

Sold a few 
qt3. of beer — 
much talked 

leaving on 
account of 

Mr. Jones 
and Col. 
liquors & 

Beer for my own Use; out of which my Wife 
Sold a few Q^. which is much talked of in Towti. 
— Indeed I should not do any such thing, had I 
Receiv'd any Mony, but I am not Willing to 
keep my Self in Debt ; — M'. Jones Offered to 
let my have a Sum of Your Honours Money on 
my Note of Hand — 

Many in power here Strive to Oppress me by 
E-eason I live Close and Strive to keep my self 
out of Debt. 

On the Seventh Instant there went from this 
Town to Charles Town Severall persons some of 
them very Industrious ; but were starveing here 
for want of Business, others are going to New 
. York on the Morrow vrith Cap^ Barnes ; So that 
if Your Honours will Please to Credit what I 
write there is not 40 English Faimillys left in 
Savannah, Severall of whom have Agreed with 
Cap*. Barnes on his Return here in about two 
Months time to goe to Kew York & others wait 
for an Oppertunity to Charles Town. 

I hope your Honours \vi\\ not think I am pre- 
judiced by Writing these things; indeed I am 
not ; I was told by Severall Persons gone away 
that one Reason they left Savannah for was M^ 
Jones and Collonell Stephens's Retaining 
Liquors &: Pro\'iss°^ in the same manner they 

As there has not been any mony Spent in 
Savannah these 10 Months, besides the Mony 
Your Honours Allow the Magistrates and Offi- 
cers and what M". Wliitfields f amilly have spent ; 

Correspondence 367 

John Pye to the Trustees. 

So Consequently those must be suii'erers' when 
the above mentioned Gentlemen have Set most 
of those Receiving Sallerys have provissions 
and other things out of the Store and when the 
Day of Payment came Oblig'd them to give a 
Receipt for the whole Sumtin as Cash with an 
Advancd Price of 15 & 20 ^ C\ 

I am sorry to See the Alteration in Savannah 

. Six months' 

withm these 6 Months ; And am Afraid a greater alterations 

' ~ in Savannah 

Alteration will be in 6 Months more Unless ^c'^^e' 
Your Honours shall be pleased to send your 
Limmitted Commands those in Power here — 

I fear the Light House at Tybee will shortly i^g^t House 
fall Down for want of Repair, which is allow 'd need^o/^ ^^ 
by all to be the most TJsefull Piece of Building 
in America. 


I could say many things more but as I have 
Already Intruded to fan* on Your Honours 
Leisure I will Conclude Begging Pardon for this 
freedom & humbly hoj^ing Your Honours will 
Consider my Case. 

I am 

Your Honours most Dutiful 1 

& Oblig'd Humble Serv'. 

John Pye. , 

368 Colonial Records 

Mr. Ha-nimerton to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from Mr. Hammeeton to Mr. Harman 
Verelst Esqr. 3 May 1740 



I would have waited on you but am very ill 
of a cold, But on Tuesday or Wednesday morn- 
ing I will and shew you my Deputys letter 
wherein he says M^ Abercromby had the last 
mony in his hands on payment of his arrears of 
Salary, before my Bill came to him that he could 
not pay it till this years Receipt which began 
25 March, so that I am sure by this time it is 
paid, for I wrote to him last January not on 
any Ace*, to neglect the payment of it out of the 
first mony reced, so hope there may not be a 
Complaint of it, at this time. As I always had 
from the first settling a great Regard for the 
Interest of Georgia, and no man coucernd in the 
administration in Carolina has done more for 
the Servdce of that Collony & always shall, so 
I hope the Trustees will have two or three 
months patience by which time I am possitive of 
the account of the pajTnent of the Bill coming 
to your hands, which will lay a great obligation 

Your Most Obed^ Ser^^^ 

J: Hammerton. 
3 Mav 1740 

Correspondence 369 

Mr. Bolzlus & Mr. Gronau Supposedly to Mr. Verelst. 

(From B. P. K. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from Mr. BoLzr s & Mr. Gronau. 
Recd 26 Nov. 1740 

Ebenezer in Georgia June 26'*". 1740. 

Dear Sir. 

The Honour of your Letters dated the 14**^. 
July of the last, & 29^\ of March of this year, 
we have received with satisfaction, observing 
very well, that the Hon^'" Trustees take it in 
good part to be acquainted with the Affairs of 
our Congregation, & that they are strongly in- ^^g„°^,. 
clined to go generously on to promote by all &^t*°"- 
possible Means the Colony's & our Settlements 
Welfare, tho' the present Situation of Affairs, 
will not permitt the sending over a Number of 
our Countrey - men to share on the several 
Preferences, we injoy under the Wings of God's 
fatherly Providence in our Retirement. May 
the Almighty God inable the Honble Trustees 
to continue their praiseworthy Undertaking to 
promote the Glor\' of God & the Welfare of 
many distressed poor people in this Colony. 
May He distroy by His Almighty power all their 
& our Ennimies, that Glory may dwell in our 
Land. Mercy & Truth meet together, Ritheous- 
ness' & Peas kiss each other, & our Land yield 
further her Increase. Our Duty & Willingness 
has inclined us to answer sooner, & to give fresh 
Accounts of our Settlement, if not a :Mistake & 
Error of 2 Chests & 1 Box, mentioned in your 


Colonial Eecords 

Mr. Bolzius & Mr. Gronau Supposedly to Mr. Verelst. 

sent to the 
from Europe. 

first Letter, which we have expected from time 
to time, had deffered our Writing to you, to 
give you an Account of their being delivered 
safe into our Hands. Cap. Thomson brought in 
his Ship besides a large Chests, belonging to 
the last Colonists, 3 Cases for us, which were 
directed to the Missionaries at Cudulur in East 
India, but 4 ^Months after 2 other Chests & 1 Box 
belonging to us arrived at Charles Town & are 
sent now to us by the Correspondent of Col. 
Stephens. We are very sensible of your very 
great favour, you shew us in taking upon you so 
many troubles in forwarding Benefactions from 
Europe to our Place, for which great Kindness 
as well as many more testimonies of your real 
favour we return you many thanks, wishing 
with all our Hearts, that the Lord himself may 
be a gracious Rewarder to you and other Bene- 
factors. We find the Contents of your last Let- 
ter, that the Hon'''^ Trustees, are much inclined 
to pay the prime Cost of the Sett of Swish- Lin- 
nen upon a Certifieat of W. Jones, that the said 
Linnen has been issued for the Use of the Col- 
ony. M"". Jones, being a man of Justice, & a 
great Friend to us, has been very mucli con- 
cerned in this Aif air for our sake, & has assured 
us to have acquainted the Hon'''^ Trastees by 
Cap. Thomson with the whole Matter, desiring 
them not only to pay the prime Cost, but, (which 
he leaves to their Generosity) some Interest 
too, since he is fully persuaded that M'. Caus- 
ton has issued this very good & cheap Linnen 
with great Profit. But we will not ask any thing 
else, but that the prime Cost might be pay'd to 

Correspondence 371 

Mr. Bolzius & Mr. Gronau Supposedly to Mr. Verelst. 

M'. Norris «fc Drewett in London without any 
further Delay for being prevented the Swish - 
Merchant's Ruin & longer Disappointment in 
his Ti'ade. Our late Shoemaker's Wife, whose shctmaker's 

T^t J* Svrns 

Circumstances have been mentioned in our wife married 


Letter of the 5th of October last, is above six 
Months ago marry 'd to a very honest & indus- 
trious Saltzburger, therefore I believe the 
Hon^'^ Trustees will consent to our fonner 
Petition that the Upper & Sole - Leather might 
be spent for the Use of our Orphan - House, 
which is done already for the most part. Please 
to recommend to their Honours our Oiphan - 
House to the Continuance of favour & Assis- 

I take here Liberty to acquaint you, that the 
Saltzburgers have begun last Spring their Work 
upon their Plantations unanimously, & are in ^a^nutions 
such a good Hope, as ever they had in fonner slfu^ 


years to get in the next Fall very good Crops 
for their own subsistance & to spare Some of the 
Fields about the Town are planted likewise with 
several Countrey- Grain & some Wheat Rye, 
Barley, Oats & Flax too, which grows here in 
more Plenty than in our native - Countiy. A 
good many cleared Acres about the Town are 
left unplanted for Pasturages, & would be very 
sei*viceable to other new Comers, of whom the 
Saltzburghers are still in great Expectation. 
May the Almighty inable the Hon'^'^ Trastees 
for carrying on the excellent Undertaking to- 
wards the Establishing of this Colony that many 
poor Protestants may find here their Refuge for 

372 CoLoxLiL Records 

Mr. ^STiitetield to the Trustees. 

their Souls & Bodys Happines.'^', &. our Settlers 
may be assisted in tlieir Needs, & defended from 
all Assaults of their Ennemies. May He grac- 
iously reward them manyfold for all their great 
Favours, which are bestow 'd upon us from the 
Beginning of our Settlement, to see the Happy 
Fruits of their blessed Seeds to their everlast- 
ing Satisfaction. We beg lastly the Favour of 
you to present our most Humble Eespects to the 
Hon'*'^ Trustees, especially to His Honour, 
James Vernon Esq ; which you would be pleased 
to accept of 

Dear Sir 

your most obedient 
very humble Servants, 

John Martin Bolzius 
Israel Christian Gronau 

If you tliink proper to remember to the 
Honble Trustees the Charges of a House for my 
Ministry, to allow me some Assistance, I would 
be verj'' much obliged to you. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from Mr. Whitefield to the Trustees. 
Recd 4 Decr. 

On board the Savannah Sloop 
Cap\ Grant Commander bound 
from Philadelphia to Georgia. 
May 19'\ 1740. 

Hon'"''. Gentlemen 

Herewith I send You a letter, w^hieli was sent 
me to New York enclosed in one from mv Friend 

Correspondence 373 

Mr. WT\ltefield to the Trustees. 

]\P. Syms whom I left Superintendent of tlie 
Orphan - house, during my Absence- I thinly ^^^ ^^^^^ 
the contents will shew that the General does by \{^^l^^'^f 
no means act as He ought to do — When I was t^,«,3^n>h^- 
lately with him at Frederica. He mentioned 
nothing of taking away the two Children but 
since my departure. He has removed them I 
think after a very improper manner. I am 
verily persuaded the petition sent by Jolm 
Milledge is only a Contrivance of the General. 
For He has got one Sister near 18 or 19 Years 
old that lives in his house,' & can sufficiently do 
his busyness, He being but a single man — Be- 
sides I know the produce of all his land will not 
maintain the Cliildren, & therefore they must 
be supported either by the Trustees or the Gen- 
eral. But if Children are to be taken by force 
out of the Orphan-house w^ienever any one says 
He will maintain them, on what a precarious 
foundation does the House stand? I would 
assoon throw the mony away as to expend it on 
such terais. Hon'"^ Gentlemen, the matter I now 
lay before You is of great importance. The 
Colony will never succeed, if such Arbitrary 
power be allowed of. Here are now two Chil- 
dren taken away, but what provision is made 
for their better parts, nay even for their bodies 
for any considerable time ? And how can I ven- 
ture to put Children out Apprentices, if they children 
are everv dav liable to be removed in such an ir^ the 

., Orphsm 

Arbitrary manner? I have just left Pensyl- "'^^'[f ^J^ ^^ 
vania and am now returning to Georgia. I have ^^^nner. 
gotten near 500 lb sterling in mony & provisions, 
& am taking several Trademen with ine. But I 

374 Colonial Klcokds 

Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harn-an Verelst. 

must >itop my hands, & settle the rest of my 
Friends in Pensylvauia unless You will take 
care that I shall be supported in my Under- 
takings for the Goods of the Colony. M'. Seward 
Hon''^ S"^. will bring Your answer. — I shall 
send a Copy of this, as I did of my last, to the 
General & let him make what Apolog}' He 
pleases. I Honour him as my Superiour, but 
wherever He acts inconsistently with his Duty^ 
I shall think it my duty to infonn him of it, with 
the meekness & resolution that becomes a Minis- 
ter of Jesus X\ Affairs are not so encouraging 
in Georg-ia, as to need Unnecessary Arbitrary 
restraints — Pensylvania is a free Pro\^nce, 
the land good, & one pound there will go as far 
as three in Georgia. But notwithstanding that, 
I shall yet encourage & make all possible im- 
provements in Georgia, if You ^\^11 promise to 
strengthen the hands of Hon'"'^. Gentlemen 

Your veiy Humble Sei'v\ 

George Whitefield. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol 21.) 

Lettek from Mr. Thomas Jones to Mr. Harmax 
Yerelst. Eecd 26 Xovr. 1740 

Savannah V\ July 1740. 

I send enclosed the Ballance of M^ Causton's 
Ac«o\ of Cash, from Feb"^ 7'\ 1735 to Mich". 

Correspondence 375 

Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harraan Verelst. 

1738. You rece'^. from him a Copy of his Cash 

Acco'. to Aug\ 26'\ 1738. What Sums he has SJn'aS."*' 

Since added to that Acco'. (being then forgotten 

by him, as he Says) Youll find, enclosed, a Copy 


a oo. 

I examind this Aceo* of Cash w*''. the Receipts 
& pa\TQ'^ in the Several Acco'^ to which it re- 
ferr'd, and w'^. Such other Vouchers, as I could 
have recourse to; and noted those Mistakes & 
Omissions therein, which vou'll Eeceive herew^''. 
When (if ever) his Acco\ of Cash, as well as 
his Other Acco^\ with the Trustees, can be 
brought into any certain Method ; I am ready to 
explain, & give my reason for calling every Sum 
So Set down, Errors, or Omissions. I shewed 
the Same to M^ Causton, who, when he had per- j^jr. causton 

^ i ii p » 1 • complains of 

used some part tuereoi, grew Angry, compUim- bping m 

•n T • 1 • * T used. 

iDg that he was ill used, m that it was expected 
he should give an Acco*. of Transactions, for so 
long a Time passed, when the Accompts were 
{managed by the Clerks, who were Servants to 
y^ Trustees. I could not prevail with him to 
examine but few of y^ Articles, which he said 
must be Mistakes of the Clerks. 

One other Cash Book has been delivered me 
by M'. Causton, containing his x\cco'. of Cash 
from March 25*^ 1734. to March 25^ 1737. 
Copys of which, I suppose, have been sent you. 
As appear by the following Certificates signed 
t^ Tho. Christie & Vanderplanc — The Tnith of 
what they declare, (^ those Certificates) seems 
very doubtfull to me, therefore desire You'll 
peruse Some of the Articles, for the paj-m^ of 

376 ■ Colonial Ekcoeds 

Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

which Cash has Credit; which, when compared 
with the Receipts, You'll find under each Re- 
ceipt, what part of the Sum was paid in ]\foney, 
& what other part in Value of Goods (w'\ I take 
to be issued out of the Trustees Store) but Such 
Value is not bro't to y^ Cash Acco'. I have not- 
time to transcribe the Eecei[)ts «fc Cash Acco'. 
but have transcribed only a few Receipts, 
(which you have enclosed) as a Specimen. 
When I desired M^ Causton to explain that 
Matter, He gave for Answer, That the xVccompts 
untill February 1735, was an Imprest Account, 
and that he would not trouble himself to look 
into it. 

If you please to compare this last Acco\ of 
Cash sent you by ]SP. Causton w^\ the Certifye*:! 
Acco*'. which you formerly reee^ You will find 
much difference between them; for Instance; 
the Several Sums in Febry 13'\ 1735 and also 
on March 24^^ Said to be Cash taken from 
Sundry ^sons Aceo\ Curr'., are omitted to ])e 
inserted in the last Acco'. of Cash Sent, 
— Copy of the Certificates — 
We hereby certify that w^e have compared thi s 
Acco'. D^ & C^ with the Vouchers for the Same, 
And find them to agree. Therefore to each 
Folio of this Accot, As also to another Certi- 
ficate of equal Tenor and Date herewith ad- 
joyned to the Copys and Duplicates of the Said 
Vouchers we have Subscribed our Names this 
14^ day of Aug'. 1735. 

Cash Book C. Tho Christie • 

Jn°. Vanderplanc. 

Correspondence 377 

Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Hannan Verelst. 

There are 19^\ other Certificates of y Same 
Tenor, but different Dates — w'*' refer to the 
whole of the Acco'. ending March 25, 1737. 

There are other Certificates in Each Folio of 
the Cash Book, from the begining to June 24, 
1735 — in these "Words — 

We hereby Certify, that we have carefully 
examined the Acco^ in this Book D'". & C^ Folio 
and has Seen the proper Vouchers now in y^ 
hands of Tho Causton: 

Tho Christie 

John Vanderplauc. 

I must refer you to those Remarks, which I 
have made, on, the sheet herein enclosed, being a 
Copy of some few Receipts «S:c — The Imprest 
(more truly the Implicate) Accompt, to Febru- 
ary 1735-6 has taken up a great deal of imy Time, 
to no purpose, whilest examining near Twenty 
(irreconcileable) Books, wherein the Same is 
kept, which (Books) I shall take the Liberty to 
Send over for Your perusal, ^ next return of a 
Ship from hence for London, being of no Use 
here — 

What has rendred the Accompts, Especially, 
That of Cash, more perplexing and intricate, is. 
That there is not Any Acco\ extant, in the 
Books, with James Oglethorpe Esq', whereas, it 
is very Certain, He was advanced considerable 
Simis of Money to W. Causton, for the Colony's 
Service. And that other Sums have been p"^. 
him, or to his Order; His Excellency (upon my 

3*78 Colonial Records 

Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

Applieatiou to him, That ]VP. Causton should 
produce that Acco'; which would tend much to- 
wards clearing of many other Acco^", which had 
Reference thereto) Ordered me to proceed in 
examining and Stateing the other Acco*^ and 
let that alone 

I found a Paper lately, (among the loose 
papers, in the Compting house) ^-ith this Title 
— The Hon'^'^ Ja: Oglethope Ercf. Acco\ of with the Hon'^'^ Trustees — which 

comeuces March 2. 1735-6 and closes w'^. Octo^ 
2. 1736. Of which Acco'. there's a Ballance in 
favor of M^ Oglethorpe £1047 .. 9 .. 9Vo. I sup- 
pose you have that Acco*. by you. therefore have 
not sent a Copy. 

I have likewise Sent herewith a Copy of M'. 
Causton 's Acco', as Stated by himself in Leiger 
X". 4., without any other Variation, than, That 
I have added the Amount of his pro\^sions and 
other Necessaries into an Entire Sum to certain 
periods ; (the Same taking up Eighty Pages in 
the posting Book where the Same are inserted) : 
And this xVcco'. (tho' Sundry Articles are omit- 
ted therein tv'''. are in the Posting Books) takes 
up fifty four Pages in the Leiger. 

"What chiefly induced me to Send this Copy 
(which is very imperfect, and comes far Short 
of the Acco\ of Effects of the Trustees w^^ 
M^ Cau.^ton has taken for his private use) is, 
SS^^TeaT That M^ Causton has often in my hearing, com- 
plaind, of the Difficulties he was under, in, That 
tho Trustees would place to his Acco'. All the 


Correspondence '379 

Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

Expences & Disbursem*". made by him towards 
the necessaiy Support and Defence of the 
Colony, which he had not their positive Orders 
for, (tho the same were never So unavoidable 
& Necessary — I have told him when alone, and 
also when in Company - That I would confine 
my Enquiiy to, Whether such Disbursm'" had 
been made, or Such Sums of mony were really 
paid for the Use or purposes mentioned. And 
would not enquire by what Authority he had 
paid Such Sums of money or made those Dis- 
bursem'\ for the publick Service; Yet these 
Insinuations of hardships, have been much im- 
provd by M'. Williamson & others in Carolina. 
As well as by Some (tho' not his friends, but) 
with other Views, in this Colony. 

I have added some Queries and E^marks on 
this Occo'; That I may be informed by You; 
What Allow\ the Hon^'" Trustees will make to 
M"". Causton, in any of those Articles I have 
objected to, or in any other. 

You'll observe that M^ Causton in this AccoS 
takes Credit for his Sallary, and the Allowance 
for his Maintenance, from his first Arrival but, 
gives no Acco\ of the sundrys apphed by him, 
for his private Use, (out of y* Trustees Effects,) 
untill Febry. 1735/6. — Neither can I yet find 
any regular Aceo'. entred in any of the Books, 
for that time — What Acco*. I found, have tran- 
scribed & Sent enclosed. In which you'll Ob- 
serve a Chasm of near 16 Months from Febry. 
1732 to June 1734. 

380 CoLONiAi. Records 

Mr. Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

I have also (under this Cover) sent you the 
x\cco** of Sundiy people as: they are entred in 
the Several Books. And also a few Extracts out 
of M'. Causton's Acco' (as entred in the Post- 
ing Books, or Journals) which refer to those 
People whose Acco'^ I transcribed, and are 
airitted in the aeco'^ and also in M^ Causton's — 

You will (I hope) excuse me, wherein you find 
any Incorrectness, or Mistakes, having not 
Leisure to peruse carefully, what I have once 

I am 


Your verj' humble Serv'. 

Tho Jones. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21,) 

Leiter from Mr. Wm. Stephens Esqr. to ^NIr. 
Harman Verelst. 26 Xov. 1740 

Savannah 5 July 1740. 


In mine of the 14'^. of May to M^ Secretary 
Martyn, I desired you might be acquainted with 
my having reeeivd your several letters of the 5 
Decemb\ and of the 10 & 12 Ditto; &: that my 
Journal therewith sent, would inform you of 
the Days whereon I rec*^. em in May, and why 
so long in coming: your short, but kind, letter, 


Mr. Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

of the 22 Oct'' came to my hand in May also, by 
the way of Frederica, as noted likewise in my 
Journal; but how long it lay there, may better 
be known to others than to me; as also how it 
came to pass y^ your letter of the 28 Sept. came 
not to my hand till the 7^*". of last Apr (likewise 
noted on that day) ; by w^^. letter you were 
pleased to inform me so fully of the Contents of 
that Box, sent by Cap^ Wrights Store ship; 
which I have never yet seen; nor is it perhaps 
thought proper, that I ever should. Since my 
writing to M^ Martjm in May, your letter of 
the 28 Dec^ came by the Anne & Marianne Cap- 
tain Campbel ; as also your letter of the 25 Feb 
from the Trust, by the same Ship ; came to my 
hands here from M^ Hopton at Charles Town 
the 19 May ; and on the 6 June i£* Captain Hara- 
mond, your last of the 29 Mar came safe. So that 
from the time I rec'^. yours of the 6'^ Ocf to 
May following, by some accident or other, I had 
no letters from England; & since that time, all 
the above (mention 'd came close one after an- 
other, in the manner I have said. Pardon me 
this Chronological account of letters ; for I think ica^ Tccount 

of letters. 

it necessaiy to be as exact as possible: and now 
to return a full and specifick answer to each, I 
perswade my self you'll believe is hardly to be 
done at once; where I find matters of so great 
importance in most of them. The latest letters 
I wrote, were of the 28 Jan ^ Capt. Cabot in 
the Free Briton, to the hon*"^ Trust, and to you: 
next of the 14 & 15 Mar to them and you, ^ 
Cap'. Thomson; & last to M'. Martjm ^ the 
Galatia, Cap'. Gibbs, of the 14'\ May: which 


Colonial. Records 

Mr. Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

An account 
of son. 

sent to the 

were all severally accompanyd w'*". my Journal 
full up to those Dates. — Now S'. to say some- 
thmg in return to your several letters afore- 

1. Your letter of the 28 Sept^; w^'^ I rec^ the 
7 Ap' from the Generals own hand, containing 
an account of a Box sent me ^ Cap*. Wright, 
wherein were a great Number of papers to he 
publishd by me ; I have in my several Journals 
said so much of already, y'. I need add no more 

2. Your next of the 22 Oct^ was a short (but 
kind) ace* of my Son, & the exceeding favour- 
able Eeception he met with from the hon'"^ 
Trustees (more distinguishably from some) : 
happy had it been if his subsequent Behaviour 
had not forfeited that good Opinion of him w"*". 
they shewd at his first coming - Poor Misled 
young Man! 

3. "With yours of the 5 Dec I was advised of 
a Box of Stationary ware sent me ; which came 
safe to hand, & was verj' acceptable : in the same 
letter I found Coppys of M^ Bob*. Williams's 
farther ace*', and Claims, additional to his for- 
mer, to be examined. 

4. In your letter of the 10 Dec^, was Coppy 
of a Bill of Loading of 3 Cases for M^ Bolzius 
from M'. Zoigenhagen, & a Box for Peter Jou- 
bart, w**". a letter ; w"''. have been all deliverd to 
the Owners, except one large Chest of several 
hundred weight, for M'. Bolzius; which being 
too hea\^^ for any of our small Canoes y*. have 

Correspondence 383 

Mr. Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

gone for Carolina lately, is got no nearer us yet 
than Port Eoyall, from whence we expect it hy 
the next Boat of Burthen going that way. 

5. Your letter of the 12 Ditto, contains the 
Result of the hon'''^ Trustees Sentiments upon 

their taking into consideration the Complaints, tees' senti- 

" ^ ments upon 

made by some of our j^eople, of the Badness of ^^^eXT^ 
their land &c for remedy whereof, they are hld^lLid^ 
pleased to give sundry Directitions ; which re- 
quiring some time to reduce into practice, by 
the help of a proper Surveyor to be appointed, 
&c, in the manner proposed; I can only say at 
present, that all due Regard will be paid to it: 
as also such other observations as they then 
made, touching the manner of fencing & im- 
provement of their land, will be signifyd and 
properly recommended to" 'em : whereof I shall 
be glad to give a good account hereafter. N. B. 
This letter I rec**, in May, as I did most of the 

6. Your next is of the 28 Ditto, with ]\r. RoV. 
Ellis's ace*, to be examined; which was done, & Mr^^'^RSbt' 
sent hence long before : & I shall be glad if twas 

to satisfaction. Upon the uncertainty of my 
Sons Return hither; you was pleased to ac- 
quaint me in the same letter, yet in such case, 
the hon*''^ Trustees were so good to consider my 
want of help, & to order me £25 '^ an for an 
Assistant: w^^. I desire to return my hearty 
thanks for. 

7. With your letter of the 25 Feb I rec^ the 

—^ A box of 

Box cont' £1000 m the Trustees sola Bills, whicli ^^tiS^ 


Colonial Records 

Mr. Wm. Stephons to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

to excite dis- 

Attempts to 
impair the 
honor of the 
Trust by 
false sug- 

(must be duly accounted for in Season. "V\Tiat 
follows in that letter, is of so great Importance ; 
y* whilst I read w'*". the utmost Honour and 
Indignation, what there is alledged against the 
proceedings of the hon*^^". T'rust, thro ' the mali- 
cious contrivances of some among us, whom I 
have often spoke of in my letters and Journals, 
as men who make it their Business to excite Dis- 
turbances; & whose Aim undoubtedly has been 
to subvert (if they can) the very Fundamentals 
on which this Colony first sate down : most cer- 
tainly my own natural Inclination, even were it 
not my duty, would be a sufficient IMotive for me 
to appear in Defence of Truth: ^\^^. alone, I am 
fully perswaded, must perfectly vindicate the 
Honour of the Trust, from all attempts to im- 
pair it, by any false Suggestions, or vile In- 
sinuations to the contrary: and the Method 
which their Honours prescribe, for bringing this 
to pass, by a Just Return made in the most 
solemn manner, to those several Particulars 
sent me; cannot fail surely when confronted to 
Prejudice and Spite ; but must evince every one, 
howsoever prepossessed; that y^ Clamour has 
arisen from By Ends of a few self interested 
men, without Respect to y^ Community; w^''. the 
Trust has always regarded as such, but never 
declined giving Ear to the poorest among us, 
who really wanted help ; which they have given 
Instances of in abundance of cases. Please to 
let them know therefore, that Tliis is what I now 
look upon as' my Task, preferable to all other 
Business at present : but the nature of it is such, 
y* I cannot make such quick progress in it, as I 

Correspondence 385. 

Mr. Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

would be glad to do those few Confidents y* I 
rely on principally, indeed are not backward in 
helping me on any occasion of conference; but 
tis greatly in my Wishes, y' an abler hand than 
anine had the Forming of it — not to say more: 
what I do, ^vill be with heart and good Will; 
how far short soever the performance may be, 
of what is expected. I observe w^ you write of 
£20 paid my Son on my acc^ ; w'^''. accordingly I 
shall make my self Deb'", for the Trust : and the 
£25. ^ an appointed me, (w^'' you mention in this 
letter as you did in your former) intended for 
an Assistant to coppy. &e, I accept w*^. due ack- 

^ ^ ' ' ^ An assistant 

nowledgment of their Favour : but above all, for copying. 
give me leave to say, their Honours continu- 
ance to preser^'e so kind an Opinion of me, as 
you write, notwithstanding my Sons late weak 
Behaviour (which my Eyes are brim full of 
tears at mentioning) will I hope enable me to 
hold up; and make it evident how much I have 
the performance at my heart of what my Duty 
to the Trustees requires. 

8. I now come to your last of the 29 Mar, 
which enters again into that mischievous Affair, a disturb. 
v^ had given the hon'''^ Trust so much distur- iiament— son 

*■ _ _ ^ spoken of. 

bance in Parliament, as your former acquainted 
me: and now I see my Son in this place of Ac- 
tion, as busy as others in promoting (like a Tool, 
as he is) the good Work that some of his ac- 
quaintance were engaged in; & delivering Ob- 
servations of his own, to M^ Bramston a Mem- :Mr. Bram. 

1 (» T-» T /-^i • ston, a mem- 

ber of Parliament : Coppy of which vou were Ji^r of par. 

^i^ »' " Uament. 

pleased to send me enclosed: and it is but rea- 


CoLOJfLA.Li Records 

Mr. Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

Another box 
of sola bills 

A grant of 
land to Mr. 
McLeod and 
at Darien. 

Lieut. Kent 
of Fort 
Augusta no 
friend to 

New Consti- 
tutions, revo- 
cations, etc. 

sonable, that those Obsei-vations should find an 
Observator to judge a little how well they'll 
stand the Test of being closely looked into. Oh 
(Dear S".) can you write these things, & bid me 
not grieve? "With this Letter came another Box 
cont- £1000 more in the Trusts Sola Bills; whie^^ 
care must be taken to see properly apply 'd to 
the uses intended : at the same time came to my 
hand the Trustees Grant to M^ M^^Leod of 300 
acres of land for him and his Successors Mis- 
sionarys at Darien ; the Counterpart whereof tis 
Incumbent on me to get executed and returnd: 
on this occasion I am to take notice, y^ twas 
very lately Lieu^ Kent at Fort Augusta, got the 
Counterpart of that Grant to M'. Obrien execu- 
ted for 500 acres of land in those Parts ; which 
I sent up many months since ; M'. Kent acquaint- 
ing me w^^. the many Delays and great Indif- 
ference the Granter shewd on that occasion; 
notwithstanding the great Improvements he has 
made on it : but I fear he is no Friend to Geor- 
gia; being one among those who magnify the 
superior Priviledges of Carolina: I here^^^th 
send you that Counterpart, and debt my self 
(as you directed) with the £1 : 11 : 6. which I 
rec''. from him, to reimburse, the charge of pass- 
ing it. Xothing could be miore seasonable than 
the several New Constitutions, Eevocations, &C, 
which came also with this letter, relating to the 
magistrates : but having taken particular notice 
of this in my Journal of the 6 June, among other 
things; I would avoid Tautology. I must not 
pass over unobserved, the farther kind Inten- 
tion of the Trustees to give me a little more 

Correspondence 387 

Mr. Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

help on my 500 acre Lot, by the addition of a few 

of the Trusts Servants, not provided for by the Trusrs^seV® 

vants not 

Estimate; if such can be found; whereon they p'^^^^'^'^^^^^^r 
have been pleased to write to the Gen", whose 
presence where he is, forbids our talking of all 
such matters till a proper Season. Upon read- 
ing that part of yours relating to the repairing 
of the Sea mark at Tj^bee ; it gave me a Damp, The sea 

r, • , ' mark at 

to think what I have been forced to say oi it, m Tybee and 

saw mill, 

my Journal of the 23 June: That, and also the "^SIJ^^^ ^^ 
Saw Mill, must unavoidably now be deferd, till 
we have another favourable Opportunity 'of 
seeing his Excellence: neither can I hope, till 
then, for any conference with, or help from him, 
touching the State of the Colony, which I am to 
return an account of; nor even from AP. Hawk- ^jr. Hawk- 
ins (mv appointed Correspondent) vet a while ; of the regi. 

^ 'C- ^ • ment. kept 

who as Surgeon to the Eegiment is kept to close to close duty. 

Duty. The Box for the General, together with 

the letter for him that came at the same time 

with yours of the 29 Mar. I sent forward (as 

noted also on the 6'\ & 7'\ of June) p Cap*. 

Davis's Sloop; & I make no doubt of its going 

safe, having since heard of Davis 's arrival there 

but have had no letter from liis Excellence a 

long while. 

M^ Jones (I know) writes what is needfull, 
relating to publick Ace''; which I must look on 
as his particular Province; always acknowledg- 
ing my self but a poor coadjutor; especially in 

, - , -r-. • i » J. J. Mr. Causton 

what relates to those two Eminent Accomptants, and Mr. 

Bradley re- 

Mess". Causton and Bradley ; whose whole Pro- l%\^'^^\°^^ 
gress has been so intricate and dark, y^ I can't <^on^p*a"ts. 

388 Colonial Records 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

pretend to sagacity enough to trace either of 
'em, without better footsteps for my Guidance : 
but I believe what will be now sent, thereunto 
relating, from IVP. Jones, may open to you a 
pretty deal of that Mystical Affair. Such other 
Accounts as come within y*' reach of my under- 
standing, I have not been backward to look into, 
nor to sign with him. 

Having thus run over the several matters 
which I apprehend to be of the greatest moment 
in your late letters ; I shall in my next take a 
narrower Ee\'iew, and say something to what 
else has not yet had a full answer: at present I 
must drop my pen, & suppose you'll think with 
me, tis enough for once. But how long I may 
wait for an opportunity of sending it to my 
Friend Hopton, I cannot tell : if any thing extra- 
ordinaiy happens in the mean wliile, I shall add 
it in a Postscript ; who am 

Your very humble Servant 
Will : Stephens. 
To M' Harman Verelst. 

Correspondence 389 

Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

(From B. P. B. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from Mr. Tho. Jones to Mr. Harman 
Verelst accompt to the IIoxble the Trus- 
tees ECT. Recd 26 Nov. 1740. 

Savannah July y^ 15'\ 1740 


Yon have enclosed M^ W". Bradleys' AccoS 
with y^ Trustees which (tho the Whole of y* 
Debit of y Acco". N°. 1 & 2, is in the Trustees 
Books placed to his proi^er Acco^ yet) to remove 
the Objections made by M^ Bradley, & hopeing 
thereby to induce him to enter into the Stateing 
of an Acco^ in Some way or Other, I have 
(after he had perused the Whole Acco^), drawn ^^ cau^? 
out the Acco'^ Separate — . The Several Articles coZnts^^' 
w^*" he stands charg'd w**". in Acco'. (X°. 1) he 
acknowledges (if rec'' by him) ought to be placed 
to his Acco' : but denies his ha\^ng rece'^. Sundry 
Provisions which are chargd to his Acco^ the 
Same not appearing in a Book which he kept, 
and which he usually sent to y" Store, (when he 
sent for Pro\dsions or other Xecessaries) ; he 
owns that Sometimes he forgot to Send his Book 
but that afterwards he had Set down, what was 
receivd at Such times — I shewd him the 
Entrys in the Day Books All which, Will : Ewen 
who delivered those Issues', and had writ those 
Entries in y^ Day Books, was ready to Attest 

You have a Copy of M^ Bradley's Objections 
(N°. A) The other Acco'. (N°. 2) he allows; but 

39(>. Colonial Kecords 

Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

Says, he is not concern VI therein, nor can it Af- 
fect him, being: by the Direction and Consent of 
M"". Causton; but it appears that Several Ar- 
ticles therein, were taken up by ]\P. Bradley, 
without the Consent or privity of M". Causton — 
Having quietly proceeded thus far — M\ Brad- 
ley produced an Acco', which he called Demands 
on the Trustees, he refused to deliver it to me, 
saying, that it was imperfect, having other de- 
mands to make, w'^'^. he could not do, untill he 
went to Carolina; he allow 'd me to take a Copy 
thereof, \x^^ you Receive (X°. B.) 

Having examined his Demands of Credit, And 
his i\.greemS with the Trustees, As also the fur- 
ther Allowance made by General Oglethorpe, Of 
Provisions & Wages for his Servants (employ 'd 
in the Trusts' Service) for One Year, from his 
Arrival I stated his Acco\ wliich youU receive 
(N°. 3), tho incorrect, being only an Attempt 
towards forming an Accompt, having no Cer- 
tainty of the time, when or how long, each Ser- 
vant was employed; Yet I hoped, thereby to 
bring it to Some Issue, had I prevail 'd with him 
to reason about it : I urged the Eeasonableness 
of his Acco^ being debited for the Labour of the's Servants, who had been employd by 
him (for the most part) on his Son's Lot, or in 
other Business for his private Advantage — 
When he had Credit to y^ Am*, of near £300 — 
for the Labor of liis own Servants, while clear- 
ing and planting fourteen Acres of Land, only, 
for the Service of the Trust; And that he had 
never accoimted for Any produce of that Land, 


Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelpt. 

but disposed thereof, or converted it to liis own 
use. You'll Receive a List of the Servants here- 
with (N°. C.) I will not trouble you w'*". other servants 

^ ' •' sent the 

Matters relating to W. Bradley's Conduct, Av'^^ Trustees. 
I suppose you are made acquainted w^'". ^ Col". 
Stephens. The General" Uncomon Generosity ^r srad- 

^ •' ley's con. 

& Compassion towards Bradley (and towards ^"*^*- 
Some Others) as a distressed llnliapi^y Man, 
have not answered his Excellency's kind Inten- 
tions; But he (Bradle}') has thereby delayed, if 
not defeated, proper Enquirys to be made into 
his Conduct, And encouraged him, to treat rne, 
in the General's presence, (but would not at- 
tempt to do So at other times or places) w'*'. 
Scurrilous & threatning Language, ^'lien his 
Excellency was last at Savannah: Bradley, in 

, . 1 1 • T Threats 

his presence, gave me much abusive Language, made and 

, "" abusive 

And among other Oprobrious words, said, I was ^'^"^^^e 

^ ^ ' ' vised by Mr. 

a Thief, and threatned to have me hangd, when- ^'"^•^'^'y- 
ever he found me out of this Colony : I desired 
Leave to withdraw, but the General thereupon 
ordered Bradley to be quiet. I need not inform 
you, who are so well acquainted w'^. his Excel- 
lency Gen". Oglethorpe's tender Sentiments, 
and Compassionate Eegard towards the distres- 
sed: As also his' uncommon generous Liberality oenii. pgie- 

^ _ '' thorpe 3 lib- 

towards Such, (very much to his own detrim\) ^raiity. 
Nor yet of his unwearied Application, & great 
Regard for the Interest & Welfare of this Col- 
ony without the least Appearance of Advantage 
to himself thereby. But must be\7ail That so 


much Ingratitude, (as well as other Vices) pre- Geoj.*]^ 
vails in Georgia, whether besides the comon De- 
pravedness of humane Nature ; The Latitude 32, 


Colonial. Records 

Mr. Tho3. Jones to Mr. Harnian Verelst. 

or the Evil Example of our Carolina Neighbors, 
may be iufectiou.s. I will not determine— I 
hope in God, that I shall be preserved from that 
Taint; And at all times maintain the Peace <S: 
Tranqiiillity of my own Mind, by aiming at y*' 
faithfull discharge of my Duty to their Hon'^. 
The Trustees. 

I am 

Your very liumble Servant 
Tho Jones. 

cattle sold 
by Mr. 

P. s. 

HaWng mentioned above jVP. Bradley's 
threats, I think it necessaiy to acq', you w'''. y* 
Occasion — Before M''. Bradley would quit the 
Trustees Farm he Sold what Cattle remain'd 
of y* Trustees under his Care. Tlio'. Baily .(y^ 
Smith) bought the two last Cows (y'. remain'd 
unsold) notwithstanding I had caution 'd him, 
and told him y® Cows were the property of the 
Trustes and if bo't would be taken from him 
sometime after. Tho piudar brought One of 
those Cows (among other of y^ Town Cattle,) in- 
to the penn w^'' by the Advice & Consent of Col". 
Stephens & I^P. Parker I causd to be delivered 
unto One of y* Freeholders of Highgate to whom 
a Cow was due ^ Order of y* Trustees Thos. 
Baily. Smith, then petitioned the General, That 
the other Cow, w'^''. he had of Bradle}', might be 
given unto him, being promised a Cow when he 
first Settled at Tibee, but never had One — w^\ 

Correspondence 393 

Hen. Garret to lx»rd Ducie. 

Petition, his Excellency granted. The Said Baily 
is a very industrious Man Bradley had Six 
a Cow was due ^ Order of y^ Trustees Tho'. 
The Increase he sold, or Slaughtered — He is 
chargd for the Value of Four Cows in this 




(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Hen. Garret to L^ Ducie Given to the Trus- 
tees TO Consider of 11 Fe^"^. 1740-1. 

Savannah in Georgia Aug^*. the TS 1740. 

To the E'. Hon^'^ Matthew Lord Ducie 

My Lord 

I take the Liberty to pay my respects to You. 
Encouraged thereto by the Goodness of Your 
Lordships late Father, who was pleased to 
^on^ me with the Subscription of Affectionate 
Kinsman, on Ace', of ray Mother Tlieodosia 
Daughter to S^ Eobert Ducie, Sister to his 
Lordsh^' Mother, and has further favoured me 
to say in one of his to me, "It is my Duty to 
Serve my Mothers Eelations in whatever I may 
to the utmost of my power ; Wherefore I must 
acknowledge myself highly blameable not to pay 
my Dutifull regards to Your Lordship before 
now, especially as Years were encreasing & are 

394 Colonial. Records 

Hen. Garret to Lord Ducie. 

now advanced to the Number of 50, Yet got into 

a very bad Corner of the World, where poverty, 

opi^Siot & Oppression, abound to a degree, that it's be- 

In Georgia. ^^ ,.,,,■,. \, / 

come proverbial (this way) to say (as poor as 
a Georgian) my hardships had I not been Single 
& without Children must have been insupport- 
able, but I will beg barely to mention what 
Obliges me to petition the Hon*''", board of Trus- 
tees, & Submit it to Your Lordships Judgment. 
Tho' my profession is physick, as no body can 
pay for services done in that way, we are Oblig- 
impioyed by ed to do every thing we can to get a livelyhood, 
tels'Jo^fook & for my having formerly born a Commission 
orphani Qy^W as woll as Military, in the East India 

accounts. ^ ' "^ n i i * 

Comp^. Service, I obtained a tollerable Ac- 
quaintance with Merch^^ acc'^, & was imployed 
by the Magistrates here in behalf of the Hon^'^ 
the Trustees to bring up their long Neglected 
Orphans Acc'^, about which they kept me, & 
an xissistant 16 Months imployed, tho' they 
were allowed to be done to purpose, (by other 
Judges) in half the time. Yet it is almost two 
Years Since,— and I have received no kind of 
reward, am only told it's referred to the Hon^>" 
board of Trustees, Who when it Arrives them 
[sic] we are inform^ usually referr it back to 
their Secretary here, to enquire as is said into 
the truth of the Case, He perhaps letts the peti- 
tion know nothing of it, or thinks it will please 

Earl of Eg- ,.,, ,. n • i n ii n 

mont and t>est to take little notice of it, & the poor Com- 

Lord Car- 

?ant^of'ule' plaiuaut remains unrelieved, but as I am like- 
|vtn"^uS- wise informed the R^ Hon"^ the Earl of 
subf^ts. Egmont, & the R'. Hon'''^ the Lord Carpenter^ 


Hen. Garret to Lord Ducie. 

are unacquainted with sucli treatment to their 
unhappy subjects, & being in a small measure 
personally know-n, have presumed to lay my 
Case before them, & beg their favour towards 
me, which with one kind word of Assistance 
from Your Lordsh^. will be very much forward- 
ed; to prevent any referrance back again to this 
place, the local Trustee of the Orphans sends 
home at this time all the Acc*^ Eelateing in 
hopes of some reward also for his trouble & 
care therein. Several other Misusages I labour 
under, but beg favour only to mention one, I 
Tvas formerly imployed by two Jews Merch'"., 
& Copartners, in this Town, to draw their Let- 
ters of CoiTespondence, Copy their Acc"^. &c, 
for the Space of about one Year, during which unawe^ to^^_ 
time I obeyed the Orders of each & Acted to f^^^^Jl' 
the liking of both, Accordingly at the end of 
the time my Ace', was Settled, Approved,. & 
Signed by one of them, & directed to the other 
(their Cashier) for pa^Tnent, which is now^ 
above two Years since, & I Cannot Obtain any 
thing, but abusive Language from some of the 
Magistrates who are Constantly entertained by 
my Adversary, & will hear nothing from me 
against him, all men of Sense See, & Abhor this, 
but dare not speak, because the men in power 
take upon them to be absolute; Of this Affair 
also I have acquainted those Noble Lords, peti- 
tioned the Hon*''^ board, & pray Your Lord- 
ships favour likewise in it. 

If those two Worthy peers were to think of 
me for one of their Magistrates, which Office I 

396 Colonial, Records 


Hen. Garret to Lord Dude. 

have before discharged with Reputation, I know 

office as them able to Effect it, & they might depend on 
trate. Justice, & Integrity, in the Administration. I 

Should be a Shamed to ask or expect Your Lord- 
ships Benevolence towards me, if I had done 
any thing discreditable, or infamous, to my 
Name, or Family, but shall be always earefull 
to preserve the Hon^ of those who favour me 
with Recommendations, I have hitherto Strove 
to behave myself unblameably in life, & Con- 
versation, am a Steady Lover of my Country, 
& the Constitution in Church, & State, and what 
I have presumed to trouble Your Lordsh^ with 
the relation of, may be depended on for Truth ; 
nor is there any one who can Object to it, but 
I have trespassed too much in point of time, 
& ought only to Assure You that I am in Sin- 
cerity, & truth, a hearty well wisher to the 
Health, & Happiness, of all Your Lordsh^^ good 
Family, & in reall 

Duty & Affection 

Your Lordsh"^ 

Most Obedient & most 

hmnble Serv'. 

Henry Garret. 

P. S. If Your Lordsh". is pleased 
to Hon^ me with Your favour in 
return to this. Direct for me at M'. 
George Austin's Merch'. in 
Charles Town, South Carolina. 


Henry Garret to the Trustees. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) • 

Henry G.ajiret to the Hon^^^. the Trustees 

FOR Establishing the Colony of Georgia 

IN America. 

Savannali in Georgia Aug^^ tlie V\ 1740. 

Hoii'"^ S". 

After many fruitless Attempts by oth- 
ers to bring up the Orphans Acc*°. of this place, 
the ^[agistrates were pleased to ask it of me, 
Accordingly they were undertaken. Apply ed 
to, & dispatched with all diligence, a fair Copy 
thereof is delivered to M'. Edward Jenkins Mr. Edward 
local Trustee, to be Transmitted to Your Hon^'^, locai 
which I believe sufficiently Shews, they are Just- 
ly Stated, regularly carried on, & exactly Bal- 
lanced, wherefore all that was required, & de- 
pended on me is finished, & has been so near 
two Years; Yet Plon^"' S'^ I am unrewarded, 
& forced to wait Your Pleasure in it. 


I also fonnerly did business for two Jew 
Merch'^ (Minis & Solomons of this Town), & 
have a Settled, &: Stated Ace'., with an Ap- 
proval, Signed, & directed by one of the part- 
ners to the other for Payment of the Ballance, 
Yet above two Years time is elapsed, & no Sat- plyment for 
isfaction Obtained; The true reason is, M^ 
Henry Parker, &: ^P. Thomas Jones, Magist*^^ 
will not Countenance any Complaints of mine 
against their friend M^ Minis. Other unkind- 
nesses I might mention to Your Hon"., of long 

Unable to 

398 Colonial Records 

Henry Garret to Lord Carpenter. 

depending Causes, for pbisical Administration 
&e, but am miwilling to be troublesome. 

For Your Hon", better acquaintance with 
truth, I have enclosed an Attested Copy of the 
said Stated Acc\, & A Bill of my demands for 
the Orphans Acc'\, in both which Cases I am 
greatly injured by being so long kept from the 
Just rewards of my Labour: 

Wherefore I most humbly pray Your Hon", 
will be pleased to Order me due pa^Tuent of 
these Sums, and require Justice be done me in 
others, which ^^ill for ever engage the 
prayers of 

Hon^'^ S". 
Your most Obedient & most Ee- 
spectfull humble Serv\ 

Henry Garret. 

(P^rom B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Henry Garret to the R"^. Hon^^. George 
Lord Carpenter. 

Savannah in Georgia Aug'', the V\ 1740. 

My Lord, 

As it behooves me in the most Respectf". 
Manner to Approach You, I ought in the first 
place to give some token of Your Lordships 
knowledge of me least time should have Effaced 
the Remembrance of my Name; (but how shall 

Correspondence 399 

Henry Garret to Lord Carpenter. 

I mention sad things without the renewall of 
Grief) I am the Unfortunate Chymist of Brook- 
street who by too Close a Coniunction with turfate^ °^' 

■^ Chymist of 

that very bad Man Slingsby Cressy Sustained Brookstre«t. 
the loss of above 2000£ from his Extravagance, 
and after several unprofitable turns in the 
World , am at last in an Advanced date of life ; 
— Arrived here under the Direction of Your 
Lordshp. as a Worthy Member of the Hon'''^ 
Trustees, It may be thought odd in me to be 
concealed so long, but the trae reason is from 
a bashfulness in temper Occasioned by the lost 
Prospect of being as heretofore; I hope Your 
Lordships forgiveness for the presumption I 
now take, which is bro'. about by Services of 
mine done for the publick. Yet unreward, & the 
Obligation I am under to petition the Hon^'^ 
Board for it ; M^ Causton while Chief Bailiff, 
after many fruitless attempts by others, propos- 
ed to me the Settleing the Orphans Acc^, which 
were undertaken, regularly bro\ up, & Bal- settieJcg of 

•^ ^ ' the Orph- 

lanced, to the liking of M^ Edward Jenkins the ^""^ ^''^^• 
local Trustee, who has promised to send Copy 
thereof to the Hon^^ Board, M"". Causton by his 
usual prolixity in business, & want of knowl- 
edge in Acc^^, frequent Scrachings, & Erace- 
ments, kept me & an Assistant 16 M°'. about 
them, Sz in the end brought them to what they 
were near 10 M°". before, yet would have gone 
on & Caused more alterations if M^ Jenkins had 
not Ordered me to desist. Necessitv still urar- 
ing I am forced to beg farther excuse & leave 
to relate the usage I have mett with in a Cause 


Colonial. Records 

Henry Garret to lyord Carpenter. 

Minis & Sol 
omons two 
Jews, mer- 
chants & Co 

abused by 
Mr. Henry 
Parker and 
Mr. Thomas 

against Minis & Solomons two Jews, Mercli". & 
Copartners, who's Letters of Correspondence 
I drew, & Copied their Acc'^ for about one 
Year, when the latter of them their Account'. 
Stated my Acc^ by the Number of days imploy- 
ed, Signed his Approval of it, & Directed it to 
be paid by M^ Minis their Cashier, all the time 
I acted by Orders of both, did business at both 
their houses, & was in all Appearance equally 
esteemed by them, it's now above two Years 
Since, & I am totally unpaid, the Magistrates 
allow I have Law, Equity, & Good Conscience 
on my side. Yet deny to do me Justice Nay, not 
only that, but I have been grosely abused by 
M"". Henry parker, & W. Thomas Jones, the 
former when Chief Bailiff on the Tryal so prej- 
udiced the Jury that they were all inclinable to 
give it against me, except M"". xindrew Duche 
their Foreman, who bro*. it to a Query, Whether 
one of the partners being gone the other was 
not lyable to the debt? for M^ Parker was de- 
sirous that M''. Solomons who was gone should 
be my paymaster rather than his Constant en- 
tertainer, & brother Toper M". Minis. This 
Quer}' was presently called a Special Verdict, 
& therefore to be decided by the Magistrates to 
whom frequent aj^piication was made, & some 
time ago they pretended to make an end, but 
I was only in ^'ulgar manner abused by M". 
Jones for saying I did not Approve of M^ Par- 
ker for a Judge in that Cause, who was then 
no Bailiff, but a known dependant on M". Minis, 
& one who had declared himself partial even 

Correspondence 401 

Henry Garret to Lord Carpenter. 

iii publick, but without asking why, he called 
me Rascal, Sarrah, & Impudent fellow, abund- 
ance of times in a Vehement Mad Manner, & 
put an end to all business, except, that they 
two Consulted what punishment to inflict on me, 
they Accordingly Order 'd I should ask IsV. Par- 
kers pardon, without saying for what ; If that 
was not Complyed with, then I should give in 
Security for my future good behaviour, with- 
out giving an instance wherein I had ever be- 
haved ill; On Noncompliance with this either 
to be put in the Log-House, or have the Cause 
referred to the Hon^'^ Trustees, which latter 
I have Chosen, tho' I think it no Small indignity 
done to Your Hon", that they placed it in the 
rank of Punishm'^ indeed the lenth of time in 
getting a determination is of great Consequence 
to the poor, tho' they need not doubt of Justice 
in the end. Yet these are the threats that ill 
Nature Suggests to terrify the unhappy com- 
plainants, who have no share of their Special 
Graces, The referrance I say my Lord I have 
Chosen, because I am sure it will turn out to 
their Shame, that a Cause which is as plain as 
that they have not goodness enough to do Jus- 
tice, Yet reciuires wiser heads to decide it. 
When M"". Jones my Lord Commenced Magis- 
trate I conceived hopes this Article would have 
been Settled, because he had many times loudlv „ ^ , 

' *' ' Mr. Parker 

& openly calP. M\ parker, Eogue, Villain, '^^J'^f vii- 
Thief, &e (& M^ Minis the like) but the former eU": IT'' 

Mr. Jones. 

as well on this Ace*, as his Close adherence, k 
Consent to ^V. Caustons Evill doings. Yet he 

402 • Colonial Records 

Henry Garret to Lord Carpenter. 

finding- it Necessary in the Carrying on some 
designs not much to the Advantage of the of 
[sic] the Hon'"^ Trustees, Judged it best to 
have a tool also, & Contrived to get M^ Parker 
first Bailiff for the sake of rendering M'. Fal- 
lowfield the less Necessary, it likewise ensued 
that they became close Companions & M^ Minis 
their Constant entertainer, which puts me past 
hopes from them in this Affair, as well as my 
other long depending physical Causes, except 
Your Lords^ is pleased in Your Goodness to 
bestow a few kind words towards my relief in 
these unhappinesses. I am perswaded my Lord 
you wdll bear with me if I only add that Men 
of sour, passionate & Unforgiveing tempers, are 
unfitt even for Common places of Trust, much 
less do they become the Seat of Authority, they 
greatly discredit their Eecommenders, & are 
too frequently Obser^^ed to diminish, rather 
than Augment the N''. of Inhabitants, for 
Moroseness will intimidate the Modest, Im- 
patience will not Allow time to be understood, 
& meaness of Spirit, or Avarice will point out 
the way to Coriiiption, where such Evills 
abound the unhappy can only expect to be quite 
Miserable; On the other hand Men of Honest 
Minds will look upon preferment only as an 
Opportunity of doing Good, they will Judge 
poverty as a recommendation in the petitioner, 
& consider the Justice of his cause as the most 
powerfull pleader. The good Man will readily 
Conclude that the delay of Justice is an In- 
justice in itself, Dispatch is oftentimes as ben- 

Correspondence 403 

Mr. Thos. Jone3 to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

eficial as a Bounty bestowed, because among 
other reasons a delay may be attended with an 
irreparable Injury, which I am too much afraid 
will be my Case Unless Your Lordsh^ is pleased 
to favour with a Small Share of Your Accus- 
tomed Goodness in Obtaining an Order from 
the Hon^'^ Trustees for the paym'. of my de- 
mands on Minis &c which will forever engage 
the prayers of 

Your Lordsh^^ 

Most Obedient & most 
humble Serv^ 

Henry Garret. 

P. S. If your Lordsh^ is pleased to Hon", me 
with the favour of a return, Direct for me at 
M^ George Austin's Merch\ in Charles Towti 
-South Carolina. 

(From B. P. K. 0., B, of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman 
Verelst. Rec^. 26 Nov. 1740. 

Savannah Aug^ 1°. 1740. 


I am prevented from Writing to you %9 this 
Oportunity, thro' the Hurry & Confusion we 
are in on Acco'. of the late Expedition ag^ 
Augustine, by the continued Resort of Indians, 
And others from the Indian Nation (who are 

404 Colonial Records 

Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

much more troublesom & brutal than the In- 
dians themselves) to this Town; in their wav 

Some more ' ' 

froubie*''*^ to and from the Camp; As also by the Disturb- 
the^lndians. unces Occasioned thro' the daily Clamours, «fc 
Sometime Outrages of a Sett of Indigent, 
Vagrant People among Us, who Yet call them- 
selves Gentlemen, by way of distinction from 
others. I hope Col". Stephens in his Letter, has 
wrote fully on that Subject. I must ac- 
quaint you, That the Col". Since the happy De- 
parture of his Son from hence, hath in every 
matter, wherein it was necessary for me to con- 
sult him, acted very friendly & Sincere (indeed, 
I do not remember any Affair, even of the least 
Coucernm*., wherein I have not had his Advice 
& Concurrence) — I hope it will appear, That 
what has been done by Us, is, (as it was our 
real Intention,) for the Interest of y* Trustees, 
(Our Masters) and the Colony — Tho' we have 
not (thro' many Unforeseen Accidents) exactly 
conformed to the Estimate of Expence &c I 
have the General's Orders for all Disbursm^. 
made, excepting some Casual Expences (to no 
' great Amount), -^^^\ we judg'd necessary. 

You know my Obligation (which You have by 
you) is to obey the Comands and Instructions 
given me by the General, and also by their 
Honours. The Trustees — You also know my 
particular Attachm'. to his Excellency, for 
whom I have had, and always shall retain the 
greatest Esteem and Regard — Yet, allow me, 
to quote An old Saying — Amicus Plato, 
Amicus, Socrates, Sed major Ainicus, Veritas. 


Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

Cap'. Thompson in 1738, left with me An 
Acco'. of Several Debts owing to him, And a clpt^ 


power to receive the Same (Inter Alia) a Debt gom^samii. 
due from Sam". Brown, Indian Trader. -_ I , 
paid unto the Said Brown, last Year, ^ the 
Generals Order a Sum of Money to the Amo^ 
of the Said Debt; He (Brown) then promised 
to return me Thomson's Money assoon as he 
went into the Indian ISTation, which he neglected 
to do. He hath lately delivered me a Bill, to a 
larger Amount, for Goods delivered by him to 
the Cherokee Indians, w^^ his Excellency has 
given me Orders to j)ay, w"\ payment I shall 
defer, untill I first See y* General not only be- 
cause he refuses to pay Cap\ Thomson's Debt, 
but for other Eeasons, particularly the fol- 

Sam" Brown being Some time Ago at Charles 
Town, was in danger of being there Confined, Ir^wn. 
for Sundry Sums of ^[onev due from him to herd. Thom- 

_ * as Moni3 

the Merchants there __ He prevaild w''^ One |^°^%^^ ^« 
Peter Shepherd, (a poor Industrious Man) who 
is Patroou to a trading Boat from Augusta, to 
engage w'°. him for y^ Paym* of the Money due 
to the Amo*. of £. 140. sterling.— Shepherd, 
hath Since, as he was able (without any Assist- 
ance from Brown) discharg'd part of that Debt. 
And is in danger of being Sued for y^ Remain- 
der when he goes to Charles Town with his 
Boat — Brown is now at Savannah — And also 
one Thomas Morris, an Indian Trader w^ho bro't 
with him, to Savannah, Seventeen Horses 
loaden with Leather, which, it appears, he pur- 



Colonial Kecobds 

Mr. Tho6. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelat. 

trates order- 
ed by Genl. 
not to cause 
Brown & 
Tho Morris. 

to prevent 
and other 
actions for 

chased witli ElTeets wliicli he bought, & was 
credited with from Frazier «&: McKensie Store- 
keepers at Ang-usta — I Paid, by the General 's 
Order on y*^ 2S'^\ July, last £66 .. 2 .. 6— unto 
the Said Morris being for value Said to be de- 
livered by him for y* Use of y" Cherokee In- 
dians. Peter Shepherd — And Frazier, are now 
at Savannah, And After applying to Brown & 
Morris for their respective dues have applyed 
to the Magistrates for Redress — M"". Parker 
& My Self, Sent unto them, when Morris came 
and delivered a Letter from his Excellency 
Gen'. Oglethorpe directed to me, Ordering that 
the Magistrates should not Cause any proceed- 
ings against Sam' Brown & Tho Morris for Anj^ 
Debts due, untill they could recover Such Debts 
as were due to them — A^liich Letter was open 
& had been exposed to Mess'■^ Tellfair, Fallow- 
field w^'\ the rest of the Junto at Jenkins's Sev- 
eral days before I saw it. 

It has been my Endeavour to prevent all lit- 
igious and, indeed, other Actions for Debt ; M".. 
Parker has on all Occasions, been very ready 
to Assist therein. And we have hitherto So far 
Succeeded, That all such disputes have been 
accomodated without any Tryal in Court. But 
where there is Such manifest Injury done, and 
fraud designed — I cannot acquiesse in Obey- 
ing any Order, So contradictory to my own Rea- 
son and the Honor of my Masters in the Trust 
reposed in me had prevaild with Frazier to 
take Morris 's promisory Note for the paym'. of 
the Sum due on the next return of his Horses 


Mr. Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelat. 

w*\ L-eatlier from the Nation— Both Morris 
& Brown hitherto bid Defyance to their Credi- 
tors— I have not time to Add — Unless you 
judge it neeiifull— I desire this may not be made 

I am w'^. respects 

Yo'. Obed'. humble Serv*. 

Tho Jones 

To M^ Harman Yerelst. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from William Stephens Esq^\ to Me. 
Harman Verelst. Eec^. 26 Nov^. 1740. 





Savannah 4 Aug. 1740. 


The space of time since my last of the 5 July, 
has even exceeded w' I then doubted might hap- 
pen, in finding a safe conveyance for it to my 
Friend Hopton at Charles Town, which is now 
a full month or more : wherefore please to take 
this, & Coppy of my Journal with it, to Satur- 
day the 2' ins^ inclus, as a Supplement to what 
I had then to offer. Here\sath you'll also re- 

408 Colonial Records 

Mr. Wm. Stephens to ilr. Harman Verelst. 

ceive M*". Jones's Paeketts, relating particularly 
to Mess". Causton and Bradlev; whereof vou'll 

Mr. Jones's ^ * . . ." 

Sfio'^f^l? ^><5 best informed, by what he writes in his let- 

relating ' »" 

^^^MesS'' ters: for (as I have said) I take no farther 
and Bradley, share in it, tlian now and then having cast an 
Eye on what he did; which was rather a grati- 
fication of my own curosity y" any assistance I 
was capable of giving: and in so doing I was 
commonly soon satiated. I must withali ac- 
quaint yon that there are other several Ac- 
counts ready drawn out; which relating to oth- 
er people, I venture to inspect with him, at some 
certain Seasons : but both he and I are at pres- 
ent so straitned in time, y'. for want of exact 
Correction of Errours, before they go out of 
our hands, they [might] be deferd till another 
time. These things are all contained in a small 
Box, where in you lately sent us Papers of a 
A box di- ver\^ different Value; another Box of a bigger 
Robirt Eyre, Size accompauys this, directed to the hon**'® 
Eobert Eyre Esq:; wherein are some few In- 
dian Manufactures, that his Kinsman pickt up 
when he was in those Nations, and are sent 
by him as a token of Respect : of which I have 
wrote M^ Eyre in the enclosed, which you'll 
please to present him, with my most humble 
service. The first Box is directed to you, and 
the other for M^ Eyre, to your Care ; & I shall 
desire M"". Ilopton to send you the Masters Rec'. 
to whom he delivers these Boxes. 

As I look on my Journal to be a Sort of News 
paper; if you would know w^ we are about in 
these Parts ; you mav there in some measure be 

Correspondence 409 

Mr. Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harrnan Verelst. 

informed : but I have been cautions bow I ven- 
tured too far into the Generals operations of 
"War; fearing to be wrong, amidst so many 
various Eeports, as flew about of late: and I 
make no doubt but his Excellence informs the 
honourable Trustees authentically of every 
thing material in those affairs: at present all 

All hostn- 

Hostilitys are ceased in the Neighbourhood of JtJes 

'' '^ ceased In 

Aug-ustiue; & the General come again (as we U^^^oI^au- 
hear) to Frederica; chagrind, very probably, at 
the Disappointment he met w**" thro' the occa- 
sion of too many failing to stand by him, from 
whom he expected better things: so that now 
we are again reviving our hopes, y^ he may by 
some means or other have his hands strengthend 
sufficiently, to try once more what may be done 
at. Augustine : which all this part of America 
looks upon, to be of such Importance : y* unless 
That Fortress be reduced, there can be no last- 
ing Security for these Neighbouring Provinces. 
In the mean while, he is picking up his Strength 
again, as are his Soldiers, who alike needed it: 
and we hope now to see him once more here, 
when among other things I have to say, I shall 
not forget to crave his assistance (as the Trus- 
tees were pleased to order me) in that import- 
ant work (I need not name it) which I have 
upon my hands. 
I rest 


Your very humble Servant 
Will: Stephens. 

410 Colonial Records 

Grant, Douglasa, Stirling and Baillie to the Trustees. 

P. s. 

M'. Jones desires me, in behalf of him, and 
his Brethren of the Magistracy, to represent 
the great Want they are under of a few Books 
they would often have recourse to, if they had 
'em : but upon W. Christies going off, he took 
care to leave not one of any sort behind him, for 
them to come at ; which puts 'em sometimes to 
a Stand: and therefore if the honourable Trust 
would be so kind to order their being supplyd 
with a few, for their better Guidance; twould 
be of great Ser^dce: more especially the 
abridgment of the Statutes ; Woods Institutes ; 
or whatever their Honours shall judge proper. 
This I would have had I\K Jones to have wrote 
himself: but lie insisted on my doing it. 

To IsV. Harman Yerelst. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Andeiew Grant, DAvm Douglass, AVm. Stirling 

& Thomas Baillie to the Trustee, 10 

August 1740. Recd. 19 Dec^. 1740. 

Honourable Gentlemen 

We have Received a Letter Signed by your 
Secretary of the 25'". March Last owning the 
Receipt of ours To the Trustees for Establish- 
ing the Colony of Georgia Dated the 26'*^. May 
1739; in which we Set furth the Expence we 


Grant, Douglass, Stirling: and Baillie to the Trusteea 

had been At in prosecuteing our Settlement on 
The Ogeehee River : Together with the Impos- 
sibility of Carrying on any Settlement with Suc- 
cess in this Colony According to the Present 
Constitution; As an Additional Confirmation 
of which, we then presented your Honours with 
an Accompt Current carry 'd on from the Cora- 
mencement of our Settlement on the Ogeehee mem «n the 
and Continued till we were Drove thence by the 
Strongest Appearances of Destruction Ariseing 
from the Haveing Expended our All in the 
Strenuous prosecution of an Impracticable 
Scheme: and here we must Beg Leave to Ob- 
serve, That it appears to us you have Neither 
Considered our Letter or Accompt; Otherwise 
you Xever would have advis'd us to Return to 
a place on which we have xVlready in Vain Con- 
sumed So much time and money. 

We have Seen and Seriously Considered 
Every Paragraph of a printed j^aper — -The answer 
Eiitituled, The Answer of the Trustees for Es- tees for es- 

' tablishing 

tablishing the Colony of Georgia in America; of^ceoS 
To the Representation from the Inhabitants of '" ^""^ ^^' 
Savannah: which in our humble Opinion is no 
answer at all, But Rather an Absolute Refusal 
of Demands to which we are Legally Entituled, 
under the Specious pretences of guardianship 
and Fatherly Care; without haveing Answer'd 
one Sentence or Confuted by Strength of Argu- 
ment any part of our Assertions. 

Because our Neighbouring Province (of • 

which you are pleas 'd to Take notice) has by Negroes 
an Introduction of Too great Numbers abus'd 


Colonial Records 

Grant. Douglass, Stirling and Baillie to the Trustees. 

tlons of the 
people of 
tlie Darien. 

the use of Negroes: or Because an Undoubted 
property in our Land possessions might prove 
Detrimental or Imrtfull to Idle, profligate and 
abandon 'd people; It does not at all follow, 
that we should be debarred the use of Negroes 
for the Feild or the more Laborious parts of 
Culture, under prudent Limitations: Or that 
sober and virtuous men shou'd be Depriv'd of 
Just Titles To their propertys. 

Y^e are Surprized that your Honours men- 
tion The Representations of the people of the 
Darien, as a Confirmation of the Unreasonable- 
ness of our Demands : For Did your Honours 
know the motives by which these people were 
Indue 'd to present you with one or more peti- 
tions, Contradictory to our Representation, the 
wel-fare of the Colony And their own Con- 
sciences, we are perswaded you Never would 
have OiTer'd them as Reasons for Rejecting the 
Representation from Savannah! they were 
Bought with a Number of Cattle, and Exten- 
sive promises of Future Rewards, a Little pres- 
ent Interest made them forget or Neglect their 
Posterity; Whereas, the people of this place 
Duely Sensible of the miserys And Calamities 
they have Suffered and Do still Labour under 
freely and Voluntarily put their hands To the 
Representation of this part of the pro\Tjice No 
Artful means were used, to Induce them to it: 
No Artful! man or men, Negroes Merchants or 
S^urT^ab.Si-''' Others perswaded them to it ; Dismal Poverty 

lute oppres- . , , , -^ • .i 

sion cause of jjnf[ the most Absolute Oppression were the 

complaints. '■ '■ 

True Fountains from whence our Complaints 


Grant, Douglass, Stirling and Baillie to the Trustees. 

proceeded : But how miserably were These In- 
considerate Deluded Wretches Rewarded? 
They were soon after Carry 'd Against S\ 
Augustine, placed on a Dangerous post, where 
they were all or most of them Cut oif or Taken 
prisoners by the Enemy; which has put a 
Period to the Settlement of Darien of which so 
many gi'eat things have been falsely Reported. 

With Regard To our Representation we shall 
only Beg Leave to make one Supposition, which 
it's almost Impossible Can have happen 'd, \t.z'. 
That this and All the other Representations, 
Letters Sent, or Petitions made to the Trustees 
by private or a Joint Number of persons : Have 
been Entyrely False and Groundless! What 
Can have Reduc'd the Colon}^ To the Situation 

The sitioa. 

in which it now is I. ^Miat Can have Reduc'd ^>j;^pj|"the 
it's Inhabitants to one Sixth part of the Num- ^"^^^^ ^■ 
ber which we have known to Reside here? or 
Lastly, to what is the Starveing and Despicable 
Condition of the few that are now left oweing? 
Is it not, as well as Every other matter which 
we have before Urg'd, oweing to And Occa- 
sion 'd, by the Unanswerable Reasons at Dif- 
ferent times given and Laid Before your Hon- 
ours, by Honest men (Independent of you) ^Vho 
were and are the Chief Sufferers in this Colony? 
And who Could not be Brib'd to Conceal or 
Terrify 'd from Declareing their Sentiments. 
Your Honours may Readily and Safely Join Is- 
sue with us in our Appeal to Posterity, who were 
Their best friends? &c\ For its Certain and 
Obvious that if the Trustees are Resolved to 


Colonial Records 

Grant, Dou&lass, Stirling and Baillie to the Trustees. 

in regard to 
the tenure 
of lands. 

Paper pen- 
ned to 

Adhere to their present Constitution ; They or 
their Successors, are in no great Danger of 
being call'd to any Account [sic] by our Pos- 
terity in Georgia. 

We have Likewise Seen and Read the Altera- 
tions M^ Martyn mentions to have been made 
by your Honours, with Regard To the Tenure 
of Lands : Together wdth a Fictitious Abridge- 
ment of the Same affixd to the most publick 
places At Savannah. M". Martyn in his Letter 
is pleas 'd to Tell us, That your Honours 
Imagine we are Satisfy 'd therewith, as the rest 
of the Colony are! Some few perhaps may 
have express 'd themselves Satisfy 'd, But we 
will Say no worse of such few than that your 
Honours will soon be sensible that Even they 
are Deceivers. It's true such Alterations and 
the paper Entituled an Answer to our Repre- 
sentation above Mention 'd are Artfully Penn'd 
and will Doubtless for a time Amuse Even men 
of the best sense in Europe or Elsewhere, who 
are Strangers to the Colony of Georgia; But 
any man of Common Understanding or the least 
Penetration, who by an Unfortunate Experience 
has been Well Acquainted with that Colony, 
Can Easily Demonstrate that those veiy papers 
are further Snares to Encrease our Misery, as 
its Impossible we Can be Enabled by these al- 
terations to Subsist our Selves and Familys 
any more than Before, for less to put us in a 
Cappacity of Recovering our Already Sunk 
fortunes And Loss of time. Sometime in the 
Summer 1739. (whilst we still Expected Agree- 


Grant, Douglass, Stirling and Baillle to the Trustees. 

able Alterations to have Succeeded our Eepre- 
sentation) vre Apply 'd more than once to Gen- 
eral Oglethorpe, as one of the Trustees, for the 
same Tract of Land which we have since been 
Hefused by your Honours; But our Petitions 
and Applications were Eejected, for what Eea- 
sons? Because Indeed we Eefused to Contra- 
dict what we had before set furth in our Eep- 
resentation, xVnd so Become Villains As (we 
have too much Eeason to Believe) Some others 
on the Same Occasion were ; We wou'd not Ac- 
cept of Settlements, Sums of money, Horses, 
Cattle and other Valuable Considerations, At 
the Expence of Betraying our Country And 
Contradicting our Consciences, by Signing a 
Paper, which was prepar'd and Offer 'd to us, 
purporting a Eepentance of the Measures we 
had Taken for our own and the Eelief of other 
Distress 'd British Subjects, And Consequently 
an Approbation of a Scheme, which by all Ap- 
pearances seems to have been Calculated and 
prepared to form a Colony of Vassals whose vassais. 
property and Liberty were at all times to have 
been Disposed of at the Discretion or Option of 
their Supperiours. Such and many other 
methods of Corruption have been Too often 
practis'd in this Colony; But we Eefused And 
Scorn 'd Such Actions from principles of which 
Every honest man ought to be possessed. 

We are not Surprized to find that we have in 
Vain apply 'd To your Honours in Several Af- 
fairs, w^hen we See you have been hitherto pre- 
possess 'd by a gentleman of Supperiour Inter- 


Colonial Records 

Grant, Douglass, Stirling and Balllie to the Trustees. 

and asser- 
tions full 
of re- 

sent the 

est, with Informations and Assertions full of 
Resentment: and which we well know Cannot 
Stand the Test of an Impartial Examination; 
But we are Amazed and Sorry to find, that he 
has had for so many years Together the Interest 
of Nominateing those who have been Appoint- 
ed from time to time, for the administration of 
Justice and making an Impartial Enquiry into 
and Informeing your Honours of the Real Sit- 
uation of the Colony of Georgia ; We Say Such, 
who have been Implicitly Obedient in Carrying 
on his Arbitrary Schemes of govenmient and 
Oppressing the Inhabitants, as well as Connive- 
ing at the Deceiveing Your Honours and the 
Nation ! 

Gentlemen, as we have no favours to ask or 
Resentments to fear, we may v^-ith the greater 
freedome Observe, that we are in full hopes, 
that all we Can Justly Ask will be granted us 
by a British Parliament who we Doubt not will 
Soon make an Enquiry into the grieveances of 
Oppress 'd Subjects, which have formerly In- 
habited or Do now Inhabit the Colony of Geor- 
gia. That Colony which has Cost so great an 
Eixpence to the Nation, and from which so 
great Benefits were promis'd and Expected! 

"VVe are Sensible of the freedomes which have 
been used with our Respective Characters, in 
the Misrepresentations Sent your Honours by 
Partial men : Nor are w^e less Sensible that the 
Majority of the Trustees have been kept in the 
Dark, with Regard to our Just Complaints and 
Representations or That such Complaints hav(- 

Correspondence 417 

Grant, Douglass, Stirling and Balllie to the Trustees. 

been Communicate to them in Lights Distant 
from truth, Insomuch, that we have Reason to 
Believe, Two thirds of the Honourable Board 
are either misinform 'd of or are Entyre Stran- 
gers To the Barbarous and Destinictive Schemes 
carry 'd on' in this miserable Colony 

We hope it "v^^ill 'ere long Appear to your 
Honours and the world (whatever has been 
Advanc'd To the Contrary) that we are honest 
men, free from any Base Design, free from any fJer^n-o^** 
Mutinous Spirit, who have only stood firm for design. 
the Recovery of our Lost privileges, which have 
been secretly and under the most Specious pre- 
tences withdrawn from us by Some Designing 
and Self Interested men. 

We shoud be Sorry to write Disrespectfully 
of any one of the Trustees ; But when Distress 'd 
and Oppress 'd people arrive at the Last Ex- 
tremeitie. It must be Supposed they will Neither 
be Ashamed to publish their misfortunes or 
atfraid of Imputeing their Calamities to the 
fountain from whence they Si)ring, 

Par be it from us in an}- shape to Reflect in 
general on the Hon'''^ Board, who we Still Be- 
lieve are gentlemen of Honour and Reputation 
who would not be Accessary to any Sinister ot 
Base Designs; But we Can't help thinking that Trustees d&. 
they are Deluded and Brought to pursue meas- ln?onsis??nt 
ures Inconsistent with the wel-fare and pros- to the wei- 

fare and 

perity of this Colony. By some who of the Pf°cSfonV^ 

whole Corporation are only Acquainted with 
the Particular Situation of it, And who must 


Colonial Records 

Grant, Douglass, Stirling and Baillie to the Trustees. 

Genl. Ogle- 
thorpe ob- 
liged to 
raise seige 
of St. Au- 

The condi. 
tlons In the 

Utterly in- 
cappable of 
longer in the 

therefore AVillfully and from Design form and 
prepare Destructive Schemes for the perishing 
Inhabitants of Georgia, and by Unfair Repre- 
sentations of Persons and things Draw the Ap- 
probation of the greater part of the Hon'''* 
Board to Such. Measures for the Oppression 
of His Majesty's Subjects, which they would, 
If they were Impartially Inform 'd Scorn to 
think of far less agree to. 

General Oglethorpe with all his Forces has 
been Obliged to Raise the Siege of S'. Augus- 
tine, and we have Reason to Believe, the Im- 
pending Ruin of this Colony will be thereby De- 
termin'd: For the Spaniards are Reinforc'd, 
the general's Army Harass 'd and weaken 'd and 
the Indians provock'd and Discontented; so 
that Eveiy thing looks with the most Dismal 
Aspect : But as his Conduct in And the Conse- 
quences of these Aifairs will be soon published 
to the world, And as we Doubt not we have Al- 
ready Incurr'd your Honours Displeasure, by 
Reciteing thus freely the many hardships which 
we have here and formerly Asserted to have 
been the Causes of our Ruin ; We shall now for- 
bear and Conclude by Adding that the Extrem- 
itie of our Misfortunes has at Last Rendered us 
Utterly Incappable of staying here any longer ; 
and tho' all the money we have Expended on 
Improvements in the Colony is now of no Ad- 
vantage to us here nor Can be Else where ; yet 
poor as we are, we shall think our Selves happy 
when we are gone from a place where Nothing 
but poverty and Oppression Subsists ; therefore 

Correspondence 419 

Mr. Bolzlus to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

we hope, if Even this or any other Paper or 
Letter of ours shall Appear in Publick, Your 
Honours wdll Impute Such Publication to have 
proceeded from no other motives; Besides a 
thorough knowledge of our Duty to our Selves, 
our fellow Subjects & sufferers, and to prevent 
others for the future from being Deluded in the 
Same manner as we have been, who are with 
the greatest Eespect 

Honourable Gentlemen 
Your most humble Servants 
Andz Grand 

W'". Stirling, 
Da: Douglass 
Tho: Baillie. 

Georgia Savannah. 
W\ August 1740. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from Mr. Bolzius to Mr. Harman 
Verelst. Becd. 26 Nov. 1740. 

Ebenezer in Georgia Sept. 6'^. 1740. 

Dear Sir, 

I received the favour of your Letter, dated 
the 23'^. of Apr. last with the inclosed Copy of 
the 29^''. of March, & am in Hopes, that our 
joyned Letter of the 26'*'. of June last is come 
safe to your hand long before this, in which 


Colonial Records 

Mr. Bolzlus to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

Condition of 
gers & pro 

we have given you a short Account of the pres- 
ent Condition of the Saltzburgers & their Prog- 
ress in their Plantations. Likewise I humbly 

gers & prog-- .r^ .,. .^ -r i j 

tltfoni ^'''''" acquainted you, that Bailitf Jones has assured 
me to have mentioned in his Letter to the Hon"'" 
Trustees the Swish Linnen, which M^ Causton, 
being at that time im.ploy'd by them as Store- 
Keeper, has issued out with great Profit. I 
doubt not, but their Honours do the Merchant 
justice either to pay the prime Cost, or to force 
M^ Causton by Law to satisfy the Merchant 
for the received cheap & very good conditioned 

You please to mention in your kind Letter, 
that the Eev". M^ Whitefield has acquainted 
their Honours with a Collection for the Saltz- 
burgers, amounting, as you write, to 76£ Ster- 
ling. He has pay 'd me in ready money £52 : 19 
: 9 sterl. to be expended only for the Building 
of a Church. He had bought likewise in Eng- 
land from the same collection a large Barrilful 
of Iron Work. viz. several sorts of Nails, 
Hinges, & some big Locks, which he has deliv- 
ered me at the same time. Besides this he has 
presented my Congregation with a Bell of the 
bigness like that at Savannah, & our Orphan- 
House & some other poor people with some 
Cloathes. Our Saltzburgers are now busy in 
building a Strong Corn Mill, & a Stamping-Mill 
for making their Rice merchantable in a prettv' 
easy manner, for which necessary & useful 
Work I humbly beg their Honours generous En- 
couragement. Afterwards when their Crop is 

tures for 
the building 
of a 

A Btrong 
com ml J 
and stamp- 
ing mill 

Correspondence 421 

Mr. Bolzius to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

brought in, & several ])rivate Buildiugs are 
finished, they design to build a House for pub- 
lick AVorship, and I trust in God, he will 
graciously increase the Eev^ M'. "Whitefields 
Collection by other Benefactions for building a 
convenient Church for us & other Settlers, 
whom we expect here in time to come. AVe meet 
in the mean while, after our Meeting Ilutt is 
decay 'd, in my House for using on Sun & Week- 
Days the Means of Grace. 

His Excellency Gen^ Oglethorpe having been 
acquainted with the miserable Condition of my 
■ Hutt, where I was forced to live above 3 years 
to a detriment of my Health & Ministerial Of- 
fice, has lend me 20£ Sterl. towards the Charges 
of raising a House for my Ministry, & M^ Jones S^fo^'''^ 
has given me Credit to the same purpose out of purposes. 
the publick Store for £28 : 5 : 10 : Sterl. in 
Provisions & other Xecessaries, by which I have 
been inabled to pay the Carpenters & other 
Workmen for the most part. I humbly beseech 
their Honours to inable me by a bountiful Ben- 
efaction to repay this advanced Sum, for which 
Benevolence myself as well as my Successors 
will be very much obliged to them. 

Our Oi-phan-House having been from its Be- 
ginning in some Distress is indebted to the 
[sic] Store at Savannah for £37 : 6 : 6 in Pro- 
visions, Clothing & Nails. I knew very well, 
the Hon'''^ Trustees have allways a particular 
Care for poor distressed people, therefore I am 
in Confidence, they will be so generous as to 
allow this Sum to the Orphan-House gratis, or 


Colonial Records 

Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

to give me for it so long Credit, till God is pleas- 
ed to iuable me to pay this Debt with Thank- 
fulness. I make bold to assure their Honours, 
their Benefactions for the Use of the Orphan- 
House are so well bestowd, that God's Glory & 
many Souls Happiness is truly hereby many 
ways promoted. Heartily commending you to 
the divine Conduct & Blessing, & me & my Fel- 
lowlabourer M^ Gronau (who gives his humble 
service to you) to your & the Hon^'^ Trustees 
jPavour I subscribe myself 
Worthy Sir 

Your most obedient 

very humble Servant 

John Martin Bolzius. 
To Harman Verelst Esq'. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Mr. Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst 
accomptant to the honor.ible trustees for 
Establishing the Colony of Georgia at 
THEIR Office near the House of Lords 




Reed 13 Dec 1740 


Savannah 6 Ocf 1740. 

In mine of the 5 July, which was accompanyd 
by another from me of the 4'^. of Aug, both by 


Mr. Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

Cap' Ragles in the Betty, I took particular care 
to recollect the dates of the several letters rec**. 
from you since the beginning of Dec down to 
the 29 Mar inclusive; together with the dates 
of those I had wrote from hence, beginning at 
the 28 Jan & ending the 14 Mar: all w^hich I 
did, doubting least in these times of War, the 
Chain of our Correspondence might happen to 
be broken : & my desire is, to keep a due Reck- 
oning. I am now to acquaint you that on the 
25 Aug^ I rec^ your Packetts for the General; 
& among other letters, 2 short ones from you 
of the 24 Apr^ & 5 May; in the last of wliieh 
you own the rec\ of mine of the 14 Mar ^ Cap' 
Thomson, together with the several Accounts 
and Papers, &c ; but I have not in any letter yet 
reC^. been told that mine of the 28 of Jan ever 
came to hand ; which with my Journal to that 
time, as usual, went %3 Cap'. Cabot in the Free 
Briton; and I shall wish to hear it had a safe 

I little thought of sending another Packett, 
without having the principal matter contained 
in it, relating to the present true State of the Reiatinp: to 

' ° -'- the present 

Colony, which I fear has been too long looked ^"'^ ^^'^^^ 

for: but seeing now 2 months past, since my 
last, I had not patience to wait the fulfilling of 
that tedious AYork, & letting nothing go from 
me till then : wherefore I take this opportunity 
of a Boat going for Charles Town (w'^. is very 
seldome we can catch) by which I send Coppy 
of my Journal only ; whilst my whole time other- 
wise is employed, in accomplishing what I am 

of the 


Colonial Kecords 

Mr. Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harnian VereJ^t. 

Death «£ 

by son. 

very uneasy till I see an end of : and having for 
that purpose waited on the General at Fred- 
erica, which took me up 3 weeks unvoidably, as 
ray Journal shews; upon my return hither, I 
met with the Fatal News of my Wives Death; 
with whom I had been jojnd in Wedlock near 
44 years: in all which time a mutual tender 
affection remaind between us, as at the begin- 
ning; tho' so widely distant from each other, 
the latter part of it. Nature would not allow 
me to pass this over, without Sorrow unaffect- 
ed, wdiich inevitably must somewhat damp my 
Spirits, but they have not been so utterly sunk 
as to render me quite regardless of my Duty: 
and I hope no Infirmitys of mine will need to be 
offered as a future Plea, why that Work is not 
done, w"*". is so absolutely demanded; but y* I 
shall have the satisfaction very soon of putting 
it out of my hands as I would. Tis a sad Ee- 
flection with me, when I think how instrumental 
my owTi Son has been, among others, in creating 
so much mischief ; who by what I have at divers 
times wrote him, must know how exceedingly 
I disapprove of such his Proceedings ; which I 
had no apprehensions of when we parted, & how 
far he'll have regard to my advice now, God 
knows. I ever lookd on him formerly, as an 
Obedient Son; 6c these Sallys of youth which 
he has lately made, I cannot help thinking, took 
their Rise from the crafty Council he met with, 
among some of our Male-contents, whom he 
unwarily consorted with, where he is; which 
blowd him up into an Imagination that he 


Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelat. 

should be esteemed a Person of more signifi- 
cance (Poor Man!) than such a rash and ill ad- 
vised Step can ever make him. I cannot bnt say 
I have felt the want of his help here, very mnch ; 
and at present, I presume, neither of us pro- 
mise our selves a meeting V. each other, with 
any appearance when, if ever. The Trustees 
have been so very good to take care for me, as l^^f^^.J''" 
to allow a competent Salary for a Clerk: but 
the difficulty now remains with me, whom to 
take: very little choice is to be had, & down- 
right Honesty not every where found; which 
is the main thing to be first well assured of: 
for should such an one employd by me, prove 
unf aithf ull ; the consequence of it must be very 
grievous; and betraying many things w^*". with 
me are secret, would destroy the intention (in a 

, i"^ i\ f? o( • Impossible to 

great measure, as 1 apprehend) or my bervice. find an 

•^ 7 i. J. , ^ honest 

I have for a while past made choice of some- ^^rk. 
times one, & sometimes another, as I judged 
most proper ; & paid 'em for such Jobbwork. If 
it should happen in your way to pick me out 
one with a fair Character, who is willing to 
come abroad as a Writer, & try his Fortune, as 
I conceive there are many such, who are in 
want of Business; I think it would be good 
Bread to him ; & for his farther encouragement, 
he should eat as I do, but having no convenience 
of Lodging for him in my House, w"*". is of a 
small size, the odd five pounds would over pay 
the Rent of that; & he would have clear £20 
coming to himself for Cloaths, Washing & all 
incidents: wherein I should be obligd to you 

426 Colonial Records 

Mr. Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman VerelBt. 

for your recomiriendation and help: the sooner 
the better. 

If my Journal added hereto falls short of 
such Intelligence as I would always wish it 
imported: I believe I might refer you to what 
M^ Jones writes ; who I know has been employd 
for a good while past, in filling some Sheets of 
paper, with a copious Narrative of Affairs here : 
nor ought I to imagine that any part of it is an 
anticipation of what the honourable Trust 
called upon me for & is getting ready with all 
possible application. 

I remain 


Your very humble Servant. 

Will: Stephens. 

The Packett W^** you sent of M'. Campbel, 
w*''. I took notice of in my Journal Saturday 
last, is not yet come to hand : but the 2 Murder- 
ers we now have in safe Custody here, & as our 
Court is near upon setting, tis hoped they will 
meet with their Demerits. 

Correspondence 427 

Mr. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

(Prom B. P. R. O., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter From ■Me. Jones to Mr. Harman 
Verelst 6 Octo^. 1740 




I have taken the Liberty to address this to 
you being a Cover to y^ Enclosed Letter, which 
have sent Open for your perusal, and desire 
you'll please to seal y^ Same & send it ^ some 
safe hand to my Friend as directed — The 
reason of my thus writing, has been from Let- 
ters v,'"^ have received from him &; others, My 
Friends in London. 

Col". Stephens went to Frederica 30'\ Aug* 
and returnd to Savannah 20'*'. Sept". While he en-s return 


was absent we had many Remarkable Occur- Frederica. 
encies here, Which the Col" may more fully 
(than time will ip^mit me now to mencon) rep- 
resent to their Hono'^., The Trustees ; Yet allow 

Lachlan Mc- 

me to hint at Some of them — On y^ b"". Septem^ intosh keep. 

•^ ^ er of Ft. 

Lachlan M'LQtosh (who is employd by y^ Gen- ^^^«i'«- 
eral to remain at & take care of Fort Argj'le) 

A false 

same to Savannah and declared (as reported by ^f^^^J^^l'll 
his Friends at Jenkins's) That two Creek In- Sy^li 
dians came bv the Fort, w*''. Horses laden w*^. by^two 


Strouds, Trunks &c and told him That they had Indiana. 


Colonial Records 

Mr. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

Jacob Math- 
ew's wife 
a Creek. 

Patrick Ten- 
fair's assur- 
ances that 
the Indians 
were plan. 
nlng- to de- 
stroy Sa- 

Mr. Andrew 
Duche and 
Mr. Fallow- 
field pursu- 
ing scheme 
to keep the 
Colony in 

killed Jacob Matthews & Family, had plunder- 
ed his Store & threatened the English — He 
(Lachlan) avoided Seeing me, & went out of 
Town, I sent to y^ Indian Town, for Tuanoy, 
(who was lately come from i\P. Matthews, then 
at y Forks abo^ 150 miles from Savannah). He 
(Tuanoy) declared tliat Matthews was very 
well, and promisd. to come to Savannah next 
Moon, that he was well assured their people, 
(the Creeks) would not hurt their Friends, the 
English, especially Jacob Mathews his Wife, 
being a Creek, by her Mother. 

Patrick Tellfair, with part of his Eetinue, was 
then gone for Charles Town, And had assured 
y^ people (from his private Intelligence; (w^*'. 
he often boasted of,) That the Indians would 
by the 8^*^. September be at Savannah and de- 
stroy the Town with its Inhabitants; He had 
left the managem'. of his Affairs here to M'. 
Andrew Duche, constituting him his Attorney; 
who together w''\ his Friend M^ Fallowfield, 
have w*''. unwearied Application pursued, & im- 
proved their patron's Schemes for distressing 
this Colony — They had persuaded several of 
the Inhabitants to take y^ Oportunity of a pas- 
sage to New York in a Vessell then at Savan- 
nah & bound thither, to avoid the impending 
Danger. Wlien They, (w'\ the Few Associates 
at Jenkins's left behind,) found the Story about 
Matthews had not made the Impression on the 
Minds of the People, which was by them ex- 
pected Another Report was Spread (of which, 
they pretended to have had certain Advise) 

Correspondence 429 

Mr, Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

That the Cherokee Indians had killd five Eng- 
lish Traders in their Nation, (Tho Holmes Isaac 
Motte &c) And were preparing to come & cutt 
off all the English in these parts — M". Fal- Mr. Faiiow. 

/ 11 i^e]d spreads 

lowfield told some of the Inhabitants, (as tney false 


informed me) That M". Kent from Angnsta 
had by Letter acquainted me therewith, As had 
also The General, of Matthews 's being destroy- 
ed — ^but that I kept those things secret & had 
not communicated them to any but M'. Parker — 
I shewed unto some of them, the last Letters 
I had receivd both from his Excellency the Gen- 
eral, and from M". Kent yet could hardly pre- 
vail with them to be Satisfied — I have not 
time to add (The Boat going off) But must 
mention the present difficulty we are under in 
Securing any part of those Debts due to y* 
Trustees from persons Leaving the Colony — SS'debts 
M^ Christie having begun, M^ Fallowfield & 

due the 
from per- 

Duche continue to assert That Col". Stephens sons leaving 

the Colony. 

nor self have no Authority from the Trustees to 
demand or recover any Debts due to their Hon- 
ours from any person whatever — I have indeed 
notwithstanding obliged some (who are gone) 
to give such security as they were able to get 
for such Debts, Please to excuse this hasty 
scribble. I am 


Yo"". very humble Serv*. 

Tho. Jones. 
Savannah OctoV. 6. 1740. 

430 Colonial Records 

John Pye tc the Trustees. 

P. S. You have another Letter 
directed to M^ Lyde, V*. I had 
sealed before I tho't of writing 
this, W''. please to send likewise 

To M'. Harman Verelst 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from John Pye to the Trustees Kecd. 
May 22, 1741. 

Savannah November 13'^. 1740. 


"With Humble Submission I beg leave to 
trouble your Honours with these few lines : 
And heartily pray the Requests mentioned 
therein may not Escape your Consideration. 

On my Return from the Siege of S'. Augus- 
tine (where I had been; at the Request of the 
Hono^'^ Generall Oglethorpe, to Assist his Com- 
Appointed missary in his Acco''.) I had the Good fortune 
ofr'JwTi^ to Receive Your Honours kind Undeserved 
favour : A Commission Appointing me Recorder 
of this Town. 

Ladeed I am at a Loss, how to Express the 
Satisfaction I Enjoy'd Reflectinor on the Divine 
Providence that first conducted me to your 
Hon", for Assistance in a time of Need; the 
Rediness your Hon", show'd to Assist me, by 
taking my Case into Consideration; And send- 

Correspondence 431 

John P>'e to the Trustees. 

ing me into America, the frindship I have from 
time to time Met with from Generall Oglethorpe 
M^ Caiiston & others in power here, And more 
particuler this present mark of Friendship from 
your Honours, And at a greater Loss how to 
make due Acknowledgment thereof. I can do 
it no Otherwise than by my faithfull And Im- 
parciall Perfonnance of the Office Repos'd in 
me, & praying to God to make good to your 
Honours my AVants. I was not Sworn into the 
Office Untill the IS'*', of August Last, the Reason 
of which was this, whi^e I was on Florida I had 
the Misfortune to get Sickness, by the Badness 
of the "Water and the Excessive heat of the 
Weather; which continued on me from the 28 
of June Untill the Beginning of August, Since 
which thank my God I have been blest with per- 
fect health and been Enabled to Transcribe the ^ 

Proceed ID ga 

Proceedings of Court into a folio Book I Stitchd t/anscHbed 
together (not having a proper Book) for that IToolk. ° ° 
purpose, not only from the 15'^. of August but 
from the 22*^. of May likewise, (which was the 
first Court after M^ Christie left the Office) 
The Minutes from the 22^ of May to the 15'\ of 
August was taken by W". Russell, Clerk to M^ 
Thomas Jones ; of whom I got them and am to 
Satisfie him (said Russell) for his Trouble. 

The Heads of the severall Causes &^. If I may 
not Intrude to farr on your Honours Leisure, 
I beg leave to Insert — 

If Your Honours shall think Proper to send 
for any or all the perticulers, they shall be sent 


Colonial Records 

John P>-e to the Trustees. 

Isaac Gibbs 
tried for 

Lewis Binon 
tried for 
debt due 

Mr. McKen- 
zie tried for 
the unlawful 
seizure of 

to you with the greatest care & Expedition— 

-At a Court May 22". 1740- 

Isaac Gibbs, (who was under Recognizance for 
Receiving Stohi goods) Petitioned the Court to 
be discharg'd from his Recognizance, was or- 
dered to Appear at the Court July 7'\ 

Recognizance of Lewis Binon and Kenneth 
M^Kenzie was Respited till 7'\ July. 

The Court Ordered that all persons Bound 
to Appear at this Court do Appear the 7'\ of 

July 7*\ A Cause was Tryed between Kenneth 
M^Kenzie Pltf and Lewis Binon Defend'. 
Action of Debt 66' Sterling— Verdict for 
for the Pltf 622'^ of Dear Skins & 2S\.17..6 
Currency — 

William Pope Enterd Recognizance to 
Appear at the Next Court to Answer the 
Complaint of Joseph Fitzwatter: 

Administration to be granted to M'Ken- 
zie & Fi-azier Upon the Estate and Effects 
of William Allen Indian Trader — 

A Cause was calPd Upon the present- 
ment of the Grand Jury in January last, 
Ag'. M'Kenzie for Unlawfully Sceizing the 
Goods of Lewis Binon and Thomas An- 
drews (Ind". Traders) in December last 
vnth'm the Township of Augusta : Value 70* 
Sterling— The Court Recommended to the 
Pltf and Defend', to leave the Cause to the 


John Pye to the Trustees. 


Determination of Arbitrators, which they 
Agreed to and Chuse John Brownfield, 
James Burnside & Andrew Grant — 

July 8**. A Cause was Tryed wherein Rob\ 

Vaughan was Pltf And Nicholas Chmery chi^^^y^^^ifg^ 
Defend^ for a Debt of 128'. of Leather & ^^Jihan. 
862'..10' Curr^ Verdict was given in be- 
half of the Pltf for the whole Sum 

Isaac Gibs (sic) Petitioned the Court to 
be Discharg'd from his Recogni"*: — 

Aug', r*. A Court of Claims was call'd, when 

68 Freeholders deliverd into Court their Duchtland 

Peter Jou- 

Claims to their Lands. Andrew Duchee f^^^^t^fned 
Constable, was find 20/ for not Attending K^o^T'" 
the Court— Peter Joubert Tything man the 
Summ of 5V for not Attending the Court— 

Aug*. IS'**. A Court of Claims was called when 

-, . T A j^ XI Henry 

66 freeholders made Claims as abov At the Parker made 

ISt jDayiii. 

same time Henry Parker was Constituted Sade^Re. 
first Baylif— John Pye Constituted Re- ''"''^'^ 

Aug'. 22^ A Court of Claims was call'd when 
19 Freeholders made Claims — See : Acco*. 
Sent p Collonell Stephens, to your Hon- 
ours — 

October 7'\ Joseph Anthony Manzique, and ^^^^^^ ^^ 
"William Shennon, were Indicted Arraignd i^q"^' &^"' 


Tryed &: found Guilty of the Murther of fj^f.^^.l'^^iitj, 
John Smyth and Hellen Bere Smyth (Serv- ^' '""^^^'•• 
ants, to the Trustees at Fort Argyle— 


Colonial Records 

John Pye to the Trustees. 

Robert Cor- 
son indicted 
for misde- 

Brown & 
John Hor. 
rocks Indict- 
ed for mis- 

Smyth and 
Elsey indict- 
ed for beat- 
ing & im. 
Wm. Atchi- 
son F^nJey & 

John Gard- 
ner, Indian 
trader, in- 
dicted for 
the wife o€ 

Peter Snow 
and George 
sued Patrick 
Tailfeer for 

Robert Corson, Indicted for Misdemean"" 
(firing a Gun in Town) pleaded Guilty; fin- 
ed 6^.8^.— 

Samuell Brown and John Horrocks, for 

8th. Andrew Duchee fined 2(?/ for not At- 

tending the Court. 

■Knowles, Mathews, Smyth and Elsey, In- 
dicted for Riotuously Assembling at the 
Cowetas Town in the Creek Nation; And 
beating & Imprisoning ^Y'^. Atchison Fin- 
ley, & Thomas Wiggins, in the Execution of 
their Office as Constables: All of them 
■ were Absent Except Knowles. Knowles 
was Arraign 'd Try'd and found Guilty; 
fined the Summ of 6'..13\.-1^ And Obliged 
to find Suretys for his Good behaviour, for 
One Year ; A Bench Warrant was Issued to 
Apprehend Smyth Mathews and Elsey.— 

Samuell Brown and John Horrocks peti- 
tioned the Court to respit their Recogni- 
zances till next Court ; which was granted — 

10"'. John Gardner Indian Trader was In- 

dicted for Endeavouring to Defame the 
the Character of Frances the Wife of 
Thomas Wattle, by saying she had given 
him the Foul Disease. Pleaded Guilty — 
find 6'..3^ A Cause was Tryed between 
Peter Snow Pltf and Patrick Tailfeer— 
Defend'. Acco\ Wages, Verdict for the Pltf 
5'..12^.9^ — A Cause was Tryd, between 
George Johnson Pltf And Patrick Tailfeer 

Correspondence 435 

John Pye to the Trustees. 

Defencr. Acco\ Wages, Verdict for the Pltf 

, . .-, Judgment 

ll'*". Judsrment was Passd on Joseph Antho, passed or 

^ ^ ' Joseph An. 

Manziqiie & Shennon zK'ue''&"' 


November 10'^. A Court was call'd in Order 
to Read to the Severall Claim'', the Entry 
of their Claims, before sent to the Honour- 
able Trustees; That if any false Entry 
should be made, it might be Alterd — 

At the same time Colonell Stephens, read in 
open Court your Honours Letter to him and 
which he said he Eeceiv'd in June Last And at 
the same time Eead his Answer to your Hon- 
ours Questions which was Signed by about ys 
of the Inhabitants in Court. 

Death war- 

The Death Warr\ was Issued for the Execu- ^^?'eSu^ 
tion of the two Fellows, Manzique and Shennon Manzique 

A Warr'. to W"". Meers Tythingman ; to Con- 
vey the Body of Shennon to the Mouth of 
Ogeechee Eiver, at the Entrance of Hosabaw 
Sound, And there hang him in Chains— 

On the 29'''. of September; I waited on M^ 
Jones, with the other Magistrates and Officers 
of this Town; (it being the day when he paid 
them their Quarterly Allowances) And pray'd 
him to pay me what was due to me from your 
Honours, He toUd me Your Honours had not 
sent your Orders, concerning the xVllowance I 
was to have, the Commencement of the time, or 
the pa^Tiient of it ; And therefore he Could not 
pay me till you send him such Orders ; this is of 
great Disadvantage to me by reason I must be 


436 Colonial Records 

John Pye to the Trustees. 

Oblig'd, to borrow Money to pay my Debts Con- 
tracted in my late Illness ; And purchase many 
Necessarys I am now in need of — 

]SP. Jones & Collonell Stephens have Report- 
ed that your Honours only Appointed me to 
tion3 on Act as Clerk to them (tho I do my Duty: as 

part ot Mr. ^ J J J 

Stephens ^fn Kecordcr According to my best Ability) If so it 
Mn^pye!° "^11 be of great Hindrance to me, by Reason I 
cant Expect above the common Sallerys to other 
Clerks which will not maintain my Familly. I 
Refus'd Severall Offers in Cha\ Town (one of 
500£ Curr^. ^ Annum) when I Accepted this : 

If God shall continue my health and your 
Hon^. shall Establish me in the Office of Record- 
er. I will take up Land And build a Stone 
House in Savannah 16 foot by 24 which by the 
best Computation: when finished will Cost SCH 

If not ; I humbly pray Your Honours will Ap- 
point some other Person in my Room, And I 
will seek my Bread in other parts of America. 

Pardon the freedom I have taken by Repre- 
senting my Wants And declaring my mind so 
freely, And permit me to Subscribe my Self — 
Your Honours 

Most Dutifull & Obliged 

Humble Servant 
John Pye 

P. S. I humbly pray your 
Honours, to send me, in 
Writing the Duty, and Bus- 
iness of the Recorder — 


Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Copy of Letter from Mr. Stephens Esq^. to 
THE Trustees recd 8 April. 1741 

Savannah 20'^ Nov''^^ 1740. 

IIon'"« Gent. 

In Obedience to your Commands signify 'd to 
me some Months since, I now at length send you 
herewith, w-hat I have entitled, The present The present 

' state 01 the 

State of the Province of Georgia; which I fear ^ZVill^ °' 
has been too long expected from me ; but I shall 
hope for Pardon therein, when you'll please to 
consider that your Orders to me were, to return 
the same upon the Oaths of myself, and others 
willing to declare the Ti^iith, in open Court, & 
under the Seal of the Town Court, in relation 
to the several particulars which you required 
to be informed of: in which tho' I have not un- 
dertaken to give a specinck answer to each sep- 
arately, & Distinctly from the others, yet I hope 
'twill be found in the Narration, that Nothing 
has escaped due Notice, either by express affir- 
mation, or such a plain implication, as must nat- 
urally be deduced from the whole : for Instance, 
the affair of Negroes, I observed was a doubt- -^^ff^^^ 
full Point with some, who having had their 
hands in a former Representation setting forth 
the use of them, &c, seemed averse to contradict 
what they had then said: but I found that the 
reasonable men among such were not so fond of 
that Opinion as they were earnest in asserting, 

438 Colonial Records 

Mr. Wm. Stephens to the Tru.«tees. 

that unless some expedient could be found, to 
get Servants among us vrho were capable of 
Labour, it could not be expected that Plantation 
work would encrease, and that is so plain a 
Truth, as no one can deny; for even in this ver\- 
Narative, I should have been undoubtedly cul- 
pable not to have taken Notice, that we are 
grown AVeaker in hands than we were, and the 
apparent causes are likewise laid open: where- 
fore the next thing to be considered, was, in 
what manner the Colony could be supply 'd with 
people inured to Labour & for that purpose, it 
is humbly proposed by what means we appre- 
hend it may be brought to effect; which can 
truly be understood in no other sense, than in 
Lieu of Negroes (and surely They can hardly 
be thought men in their senses, who at this time, 
especially, would adventure to furnish them- 
selves with Slaves, that they could be no ways 
ensured from the Hazard of losing, by running 
to the Spaniards; and probably the Danger 
moreover of their own Lives; which must al- 
ways be the case, so long as Georgia is a Fron- 

Your Honours, I promise myself, will so far 
Indulge me, as to remember that some of those 
Commands sent me, were so extensive also, as 
to require an Inspection personally, either by 
myself or some other, whose Veracity I could 
depend on ; from one extremity of the Province 
to the other; Wherein I have used what dili- 
gence I was capable of; and in many cases 
where I thought particular stress might be laid, 

Correspondence 439 

Copy of Mr. Stephens Letter to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

I have taken care that Voluntary affidavits to 
the Truth of such, should not be wanting, as vrell 
for your Honours satisfaction, as for the satis- 
faction of such as would joyn with me: and 
this I humbly offer as another cause why this 
affair has not found quicker Dispatch to which 
I desire only to add; that I wish a more able 
compiler had been appointed to take it in hand, 
who perhaps would have fitted it better for pub- 
lick use, than I have done ; tho' I will not allow 
that any one could with a better Will have 
sought for Truth, where it could be found ; nor 
oiven it into vour Honours hands with less Par- 
tiality: which is testify 'd by all those who 
joyned with me in so Solemnly setting their 
Hands to it : & as for others, who acted probably 
upon different Motives, & declined signing it; 
if they offer any allegations inconsistent wdth 
what we have unanimously concurred in; it 
ought to be obser^'ed they are under no other 
Tye than their own Will & Passion to say what 
they please. I am 

Coppy to the Hon"'". tKe Trustees from 

W. S. 

Copy of M". Stephens's Letter to M^ Harman 
Verelst dated 20*\ November 1740. 


My last was of the 6'\ of Oct^ ^ Cap\ Greg- 
ory in the Susannah when I took the Liberty 

440 V Colonial Records 

Copy of Mr. Stephens Letter to Mr. Harmun Verelst. 

to refer yon to mine of ;y\ July & 4'". of August, 
both by Cap'. Ragles in the Betty; whereby you 
wouhil find an exact concatenation of the several 
Letters I had received from you for a long time 
then past; the hist of which was of the 29'". of 
March: since which I acquainted you in my said 
Letter of 6'\ Octo'^^ that I had received your 2 
Letters of the 24"' of xVpril, & 5'\ of May; but 
I never had any Acco'. from you (nor yet have) 
of your receiving mine of the 28''* of Jan"''. ^ 
Cap'. Cabot in the Free Briton; which I much 
wish'd for, to perfect the whole so far: to which 
I am next to add two more since sent to me by 
M"". Campbel from the Trustees & you; one of 
the 11"\ & the other of the 16'\ of June, which 
came both together to my hands here, not till 
the 8'*^ of Oct*"". ; & the former was Coppy of the 
Original sent me sometime before ^ Cap'. Shu- 
brick in the Minerva, who was not then arrived: 
but I am now to acquaint you, that on Sunday 
last the several Packets and Letters sent "p 
Cap'. Shubrick in the Minerva «& Cap'. Crosth- 

waite in (sic) came safe to hand, for the 

farther particulars whereof, please to be re- 
ferred to my Journal of that day (the 16"".) 
when among- many various Letters (which due 
care is taken of) I found the Original of the 11'^. 
of June, whereof had before received Copy as 
above, one other from you of the same date; 
one of the 13'\ D°. and of the 29'^ July with 
the several enclosed Papers; to all which due 
regard shall be had, as occasion offers. 

I am verv sorrv to find in vou Letter of the 

Correspondence 441 

Copy of Mr. Stephens Letter to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

29^\ of July that the hon"". Trustees seemed dis- 
pleased at their not having received at tliat time 
any Letter from me since what I sent in March 
last %^ Cap'. Thompson : in your Postscript to 
which of the 6"^. of August you acquaint me that 
mine of the 14'''. May together with my Journal 
was newly come to hand : and I hope my Let- 
ters of the 5'\ of July, 4'^ of August and 6'\ of 
Oct''', will also sooner or later get a safe pas- 
sage: and I make no douht but due allowance 
will be made, for the irregular and uncertain 
conveyance of Packets during these times; 
which is equally evident in those I receive, as 
those I send; as you'll see by the Times Spec- 
ify 'd in my Journal & Letters, Avhen & how I 
receive them ; often 3 or 4 months after date or 
more: & tho' I am fully satisfy 'd with M^ Hop- 
tons punctuality, in despatching what I send 
him '-^ first Opportunity ; Yet it often liappens, 
that my Packett, unavoidably lays in his hands 
awhile, before he he can find a conveyance: 
which I can know nothing of. Xevertheless, to 
answer the honourable Trustees expectations 
from me as far as I am able; I shall think it 
my Duty in time coming to write of tner ; but at 
the same time will assure myself, that they'll 
not expect matter of moment alike in all; nor a 
Eepitition of what is most remarkable, already 
Noted in my Journal. Henceforward I shall 
aslo when I write, send Copy of my last, & 
thereby Guard against any inconvenience thro' 
miscarriage. I told you in my last w'. diiliculty 
I laid under for want of an Assistant that I 


Colonial Records 

Copy of Mr. Stephens Letter to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

A clerk 
found who 
will answer 

State of 
under seal 
of the 

could depend ou ; wliich put me to my shifts, in 
getting- sometimes one, & sometimes another, as 
I could, for a few days perhaps at a time: 
wherefore I had recourse to you for help, & 
hegg'd your favour in sending over a young 
Clerk, for the purpose in case you found one 
you api^roved of: but luckily since I have met 
with one, recommended to me by a Friend at 
Augusta, who I hope will answer my expecta- 
tions, & save 3'ou the trouble. 

Herewith I send (what I have too much cause 
to apprehend had been long look'd for) the 
present State of the Colony, under the Seal of 
the Town Court, attested on the Oaths of those 
who put their Names to it : which is accom- 
pany 'd with a Letter from me to the hon*"'. Trus- 
tees, briefly laying before their Honours a few 
things which aecurred to my, thoughts, as nec- 
essary to be premised: & possibly on a future 
Occasion I may be able to recollect some farther 
matters relating to the same affair, either now 
omitted, or newly arising, which may be worth 
their consideration: tho' at present I think I 
have little Room to add any thing to those Notes 
I have taken in my Journal, relating to the 
Progress of this atTair from the Time I offered 
it to the Publick: and thereby I conceive my- 
self well Justifyed in not exposing it openly by 
Peicemeal, whilst I was forming it; (which 
some few have laid to my Charge I hear as a 
Crime) for had I done that, & debated with the 
Populace on every part of it; I think I might 
defy any man living being endued with a capac- 

Correspondence .443 

Copy of Mr. Stephens Letter to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

ity of Collecting, & connecting, the sense of such 
a confused Assembly: Neither can I conceive, 
from the Words of direction to me from their 
Honours that 'twas their Intention for me to 
go that way to Work, knowing it impracticable. 
As I went on therefore from one Step to anoth- 
er; the only persons I consulted, when any part 
was brought into Shape, for their Judgment & 
Opinion, were Mess". Jones, Parker, & Mercer ; 
perhaps once in 10 days & more ; wiiom I had 
very good confidence in, & were some of tlie Men 
of the best understanding in Town; as well as 
Authority ; tho' it must be owned, that M\ Fai- 
lowfield as a Magistrate, & Duchee as a Con- 
stable, had a share with them in the Latter : but 
it must have been most unpardonable in me to 
have taken either of them for my Advisers, 
whom I knew to be continually scheming some 
new mischief on another, & were fixed in pur- Mr. Faiiow 

. , ,111 n 1 i field & Mr. 

sum«' the same course thev had so well learnt Duchee 

*-■ " continuallv 

under Tailfer & that Gang. Only this I §^|;fe'"mfs- 

would further Obsei*\'e, that to shew how far LioltheT 
I distinguished M"". Fallowfield from the Rest, 
as a Magistrate, I desired him at my house, in 
the Morning before I opened it in Court, that 
he w^ould read it, & consider if he had any Ob- 
jection : which he did, but said Nothing to it ; 
and was afterwards the first who refused sign- 
ing it; which he did with Scorn. For the rest 
I desire to refer to my Journal. 

I am very sensible there are many Articles 
which I find in sev". Letters lately reced from 
the Trust, that require a full answer: But this 


Colonial Records 

Copy of Mr. Stephens Letter to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

created dis- 
Mr. Jones 
& Col. 

Mr. Jones 
gone to 
wait on 

at FYederica 

very troublesome affair Avliicli I have had upon 
my hands so long, & hardly allowed me to have 
freedom of thought for other :\Iatters, is now 
over; and I most heartily wish it may meet with 
Approbation. In my next therefore it shall 
be my most peculiar care to collect what other 
Orders have been lately sent me, that due Ob- 
servance may be paid to them, & proper Xotice 
returned, how they are comply 'd with. 

One thing I cannot pass over, without imme- 
diately applying myself to explain to their Hon- 
ours some Matters, which thro' the Accusation 
of Benj'. Adams, and the false light that I hum- 
bly conceive he has represented them in, I fear 
lie hss created some displeasure against M". 
Jones. «ic me (Both or one of us) as if a publick 
Store had been carried on here, notwithstanding 
ijie Trustees express order to the Contrary: 
which is so daring a Fault, that I should think 
unpardonable, if it appeared really so, as I take 
it he desired it should. IP. Jones is at present 
gone to wait on the General at Frederica, in 
Order to adjust Acco'\ with his ExcelP-'. »S: sep- 
arate those that belong to the Army, from such 
as relate properly to the Trust: in his Absence 
therefore I venture to unfold these things a lit- 
tle, as far as I can knowingly; & shall leave it 
to him to add what more he thinks needfull 
when he returns. 

When we received the last Estimate, the Gen- 
eral was then at Savannah, & by his direction 
appointed three persons to be Chaundlers for 
retailing Provisions & other Necessaiys to sup- 

Correspondence 445 

Copy of Mr. Stephens Letter to Mr. Harman Verelst. 


ply the wants of the Inhabitants: directing also 
that no Provisions &c should for the future he 
Issued by us to any other than to those Chaund- 
lers, unless to Ships or Vessels that put in here 
and required larger Quantitys than they could 
be supply 'd with by them; & also for Boats & 
Pettyag-uars employed in the Service of the 
Colony; and Indians; The 3 following were 
named by the General to be supplyed by us on 
Credit, vrith all Necessary Provisions &c; which 
they were to retail at a Moderate profit; viz\; 
Harrv LLovd, ^Yld\ AVeddel, & John Pye, & to iTJy^, wido. 

- * ' ' Weddel <fe 

pay weekly according as they vended the same : If^'^^^^l^ 
thev were supply 'd with Butter at 6\, the same fe^rs'^br''^' 

* , , , , T -^/ ^^n Genl. Ogle- 

to be by them sold at not exceedmg tjA "^ ., thorpe. 
Cheese at o\ to be sold at 6^; Moll at 17^ %9 
Gall to be sold at 20^ Sugar at 4:\ to be sold at 
6^; and other Goods in like manner. Harry 
LLoyd was entrusted with about 10 or £12 
worth of Goods; which he soon made Spoil of, 
and failed in Payment ; M". Weddell soon after 
married, (S: left off keeping Shop, John Pye went 
to the Southward, & his "Wife would follow that 
Trade no longer. These Chaundlers failing, M'. 
Woodroof & M"^. Penrose advanced the Prices 
of all such Goods to so high a Ptate, that Butter 
& Candles t\'"\ generally had been sold from 6". 
to 8^ ^"., were sold by them at 12". each 
^". it was then found Necessary, in Order to 
supply the Gennan Ser^^ants, & other poor In- 
habitants, to buy a Cargo brought from New 
York ; & ever since Butter has been sold for G"* 
never exceeding 7^. & Candles the same, flour 


Colonial Records 

Copy of Mr. Stephens Letter to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

tions daily 
met with. 

made by 

of the best at 9/ & not exceeding 9/6 ^'°. Bis- 
cuit from 9/6 to 10/ Meat from V/^^ to 2^ ^". 
The Indians «fc Carolina Troops often passing 
& repassing here this Year; & the Generals own 
Eegiment in the South occasioning great de- 
mands of Provisions of all kinds, which they 
conld not at all times be readily provided with, 
it was thought necessary by the Gen", that 
when any Vessels with Provisions from the 
North Colonys called here, we should by no 
means let them slip; if their Cargos could be 
purchased at a reasonable rate; as soon as ]\P. 
Jones returns from Frederick the Rec''. & Is- 
sues of such provisions are intended to be laid 
before their Honours; whereby 'twill appear 
that Provisions of most kinds have been issued 
20 %? C\ cheaper that we find it to have been 
ever before. The Eule has been, in Bread »ls: 
Flour (w'^. are the 2 Main Articles to advance 
6^ p C'. w^eight to answer loss & Damage, & oth- 
er Goods in proportion: by these means of com- 
ing to a reasonable Market, & being defended 
from monopolizers many of the common People 
of this Town have found it their interest to live 
here; notwithstanding the Temptation they 
daily meet with from our false Brethren of the 
Club, to try their Fortune elsewhere ; & had not 
this expedient been found out, I am verily per- 
swaded, that a much greater desertion would 
have ensued than yet has been. 

As to what Adams complains of, that he 
would have purchased Cattle, & supply 'd the 
Town with Provisions, he shews himself ver\' 

Correspondence 447 

Copy of Mr. Stephens Letter to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

ungratefiill ; for M^ Jones lent him £29 — & 
promised to take what Beef he could not sell (he 
salting & curing the same) And to supply him 
with Salt, Barrils Sec. But he grew Idle, keep- 
inac Company continually Avith ]\I". Townsend 

'^ ^ •• * Mrs. TowB- 

the most Notorious of all Clamourers: So that foAous ''°' 


had not a German Butcher from Purysourgh 
come sometime this last year & lived among us, 
who has supplyed the Town, with fresh pro- 
\dsions of Meat kind, at a cheaper Bate than 
we use to have the same ; "We should have been 
in some distress. Last Year when the General 
had proposed to Adams with Mo [torn] to buy 
Cattle, & to have them Slaughtered at Savan- 
nah, in the same manner he was pleased to con- 
tract this Year, Adams underhand broke the Adams & 


Contract; and with Penrose privately bought neS^in^'ln 


Cattle & had them killed & Salted; but would nianner. 
not sell the same under 42/ ^ Barr". M'. Jones 
offered them 32/ ^ Barr". for the General, the 
Regime being then bare of provisions ; but they 
refused to take it : And at length it was found 
that the Meat Stunk & was not fit for use, being 
not well cured : Indeed it has been found that 
whenever he has undertaken to cure meat (un- 
less in the Cold Season) it has perished, when 
the same kind of Meat cured by other persons 
(tho' not professed Butchers) has been preserv- 
ed. So that whether we have injured Adams 

448 Colonial Records 

Paper en. 
titled the 

Copy of Mr. Stephens Letter to the Trustees. 

most, or he us, it is humbly hoped will appear 
evident to their Honours. I am 


[Copy of letter from M^ Stephens 
to the Trustees.] 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 
CoppY OF M^\ Stephens 's Letter to the hox- 

BEE 1740. 

Hon^^ Gent: 

"With my last Letter of the 20'^ Instant I had 
the Honour to send you what I had entituled the 
-pr^eyn^t'' Present State of Georgia as it was prepared in 
Georgia." Qbedieuce to your Honours Commands, & Pre- 
sented to the Court. How it was received there : 
how M^ Fallowfield was the first that disagreed 
to it; how W. Duchee laboured as far as he was 
able in his way of argaiing to oppose it ; & what 
ensued thence, for some days following; I have 
so fully & particukirly noted in my Journal, (if 
I may presume to refer to it) that 'twould be 
wearisome Tautology, to offer the same here 
again ; and the continuation of my Journal from 
that Time forward till now, will (I hope also) 
shew plainly what steps our Opposers have tak- 
en in many things relating thereto, & what pro- 
gress their Bundle of Greivances has made 
thro' this Town &' neighborhood. 

Correspondence 449 

Copy of Mr. Stephens Letter to the Trustees. 

Having found means (as noted on Saturday 
the 22*^) to gain a little knowledge of what was 
doing on that day, when they had so full an As- 
sembly; I beg leave to lay before you what In- 
formation I got relating thereto; which ought 
to be look'd on as ver}^ short, of what may be 
supposed to be contained in their Eepresenta- 
tion; forasmuch as my Friend who informed 
me of what I shall here note, had only his Mem- 
ory to Trust to, when it was read ; no one being 
admitted to take it into their hands, but such 
only as would sign it : & what I learnt was as 
follows (viz'.) 

V\ They demand absolutely the use of ^se of 
Negroes, but with some Limitation. ne^oes. 

2^ The disposal of Lands, without any Lim- 
itation, & to have a free Title to buy & sell any ?/'iS. 
Lands, when and to whom they think lit. 

3-^'^ Magistrates, Constables & Tythingmen 
to be at their own Election once a Year in what S^mSs- 
manner they please, & the Constable & Tything- ''"''*^'' ^'*'" 
men so chosen to be under no other Command 
than of the Trustees or the Magistrates. 

4'^. Any Person upon his Sale or disposal of 
any Lands to have power of taking up Xew 
wheresoever he pleases, being not already 
granted, without any Coutroul or Limitation of 

5'\ Quit Eents are set forth as a great 
Burthen necessary to be taken off, or very much 
lowered ; the Land-holders being unable to pay 


Colonial Records 

Copy of Mr. Stephens Letter to the Trustees. 

on the 

State of 
Colony mis- 

After which, they say plainly by way of con- 
clusion, that this was the last time of asking; 
& unless it was comply 'd with, they must seek 
their Bread elsewhere. 

I was further informed that there were sev- 
eral severe reflections interspersed on the Sec- 
retary; who has all along led the Trustees in 
the Dark, never letting them know the true state 
of the Colony, nor the misery of the Inhabi- 
tants ; but represented it so as to make it a place 
desirable by all people to live in: and making 
use of his Character with Reproach on many 

U'. Jones (on whom they bestow the Title of 
yested°°w?th Storo-kceper) being also a Magistrate, thev say 

too much , , " 7 » J 

has it in his power by what Cash goes thro' his 
hands, to oblige all persons, whether Magis- 
trates or others, to comply with his Humour, or 
act according to his dictates; tho' against their 
own consciences ; or otherwise some pretence is 
found to stop payment of their Salarys, where- 
fore it is insisted on, that for the future those 
two Offices may not be in one person. 

'Tis confidently asserted in this Petition, that 
9 parts in 10 of the Lands in this Province are 
Barren; which is left to his ExceK to judge 
the Truth of, who has often traversed so great 
part of it : & Noble Jones in his Affidavit lately 
made, sets forth that the goodness of the Land 
of Georgia, is at least equal to, if not better 
than Carolina, tho M'. Duchee says he can sup- 


Large part 
of lands 

Correspondence 451 

Copy of Mr. Stephens Letter to the Trustees. 

port the Truth of what is alleged by his Own 

M'. Duchee moreover frequently in his Con- 
versation at different Times has Asserted, «& Sti^ent^^ 

in regard to 

particularly on that Saturday Night in Com- the ^ Trus- 
pany with betwixt 20 & 30 men more assembled ; c^oj^^y 
Declared that whatever the Trustees had done 
for any person in this Colony, could not be look- 
ed on as a favour, it being their Duty to do it : 
& as to himself in particular, tho' he had re- 
ceived sums of Money from the General or Trus- 
tees, he did not think himself any way obliged 
to them, it being the Nations Money, & they 
Obliged by their Duty to encourage Manufac- 

What opinion your honours shall be of in 
these things, would ill become me to judge. 
They boast of great Numbers with them (if de- 
fendit Numerus can have any weight) : we have 
no more than 25, but as to real Value, we think 
they were at, least ceteris paribus w'''. our 
Neighbours; and being every one a Volunteer, 
upon Oath, & the To^vn Seal affiixed, it must 
be submitted, in w^hat proportion they may be 
deemed to preponderate a greater Number, tho' 
double, of such as being under no Tye of an 
Oath, & divers of them prejudiced, were at lib- 
erty to give vent to their Passions as they 
pleased; without any Eegard to Truth. To ignorant 

people pre- 

whom we must add many which they have been ^.^"ed on to 

'' •' sign paper. 

several days picking up; Ignorant people; not 
knowing what they put their hands to; but 
seduced by repeated perswasions, against their 

452 Colonial Records 

Copy of Mr. Stephens Letter to the Trustees. 

own Will, to sig-n wliat was promised them 
would make them all happy: & divers others 
who withstood their Temptations [torn] while, 
they prevailed on by incessant Application, & 
much drink, to w^'ite their Names to they knew 
not what: which is evident in the Instances of 
some who have confessed it: Nevertheless 
there yet remains a party whom they can make 
no impression on ; & who have plainly said that 
if they signed any of the Two Papers, it should 
be the first, but they were determined to sign 
neither: wherefore I would willingly retain the 
. same Opinion of them, as I noted in my Journal 
of the 17"'. Instant which being allowed; if we 
add them to those who agreed in the former 
paper, I conceive we are more than a Match for 

As I have made it my care strictly to follow 
Truth, in whateve [sic] I have wrote relating 
to persons or things in the Colony (tho' I fear 
in many Instances have touch 'd too gently upon 
what required a bolder representation of some 
peoples Behaviour) I am far from receding in 
any one Tittle; nor do I fear any ill Effects, 
from those evident tokens of ill will towards me, 
, . which are set forth in their complaint, without 

Complaints -^ ' 

i^asVfounSa- the least foundation of Truth; not doubting but 
truth.'" I shall find your Honours Protection from the 

Page of such Wicked, & unreasonable men; 
whose charge of Falshood against me, I defy 
them all to make good in any one Instance: 
Among other things named by me, which this 
Soil & Climate was productive of; I understand 


Copy of Mr. Stephens Letter to the Trustees. 

'tis affirmed by them, that Pomegranates, 
Olives, &c were never known to grow here : the 
first of which I do solemnly declare, that I have 
seen grow with my own Eyes, planted for Orna- 
ment in the form of 2 Hedges by M^ Hawkins 
at Frederica, which flourished Well; & the same 
plant has been seen by others in sev". parts of 
the Colony in good plenty: and as for Olives; to 
go no farther than the Trusts Garden here in 
Town, there were half a doz°. decayed Stocks 
put into that common Earth a few years since, 
which were so withered, that 'twas not expected 
they could live; Nevertheless they put forth 
Xew Branches, & 5 of them yet remaining, are 
grown Plants of 5 or 6 foot high, very beauti- 
full but these peoples Eyes are so blinded that 
they see not. In like manner they turn to ridi- 
cule every thing we offer in conversation con- 
cerning raising Hedges for fencing: which they 
would perswade people is impracticable : but if ^®'^*^'"^ 
they would look less than a Mile out of Town, 
they might now see a edge of white thorn (the 
same as in EngUmd) planted two years since 
by M"". Parker, round his 5 Acre Lot, w'*". tho' 
neglected too much after planting, & never 
weeded, is grown very finely; & will be a good 
Fence. Abundance more of this kind of spight, 
scattered by them en joassant, I might o])serve, 
from what I have heard (for I never saw it) but 
'tis not pos.sible here to follow them in the dark, 
what is now said, is only in support of what I 
had asserted to be the product of this Country: 
as most undoubtedly it is : but the encrease of 

Hedges for 

454-' Colonial Records 

Copy of Mr. Stephens Letier to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

all such Plants, must be by putting them in the 
Ground, and they that will not try, cannot ex- 
pect to gather the Fruits of em. 

I am endeavouring so to time the sending this 
off hence, that it may attend the Grand Work, 
which is now finished (as I hear) and ready 
to make its way, first to Charles Town, where 
some of the Brethren who went out hence, may 
probably be found ready to sign implicitly what- 
ever comes before them of this kind, after 
which, 'tis to be transmitted to your Hon", and 
I am also told that tis Cerberus-like, Triple 
tongued : one for the Trustees, one for the Par- 
liament, & one for his Majesty. Hoping this 
Dwarf will find admittance to your Honours at 
the Heels of the Giant. 

I conclude 

Your Honours &q. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

CoppY OF M^\ Stephens's Letter to M^. Har- 
man Verelst dated 28'^^. November 1740. 

The Boat not going off, as I expected Yes- 
terday, with the enclosed; I have a lamentable 
story to add to it, which is just come to us here, 
Some hun- of a great conflagration which happened a few 

dred houses ^ ^ t • i i i. j. j.u 

''"^y° ^^^ (lays past at Charles Town, which burnt to the 
Ground some Hundreds of Houses of the best 


Wm. Ewen to the Trustees. 

part of tlie Town, cbieflj' of tlie Me^ch*^ on the 
Bay, & principal Inhabitants; but the particu- 
lars are not yet come to my knowledge, nor who 
are the greatest Sufferers. The Boat is hasten- 
ing away, & I write in great hurry 



(From B. P. E. 0., B of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letteb from AVm. Ewex to the Honble 
Trustees for establishing the Colony of 
Georgia in America at theib office in Old 
Palace Court. Westminster Dec 4th 1740 
EecdMay22 1741 


May it Please your Hou'^ 

I Take this opportunity to Acquaint your 
Hon'■^ that I have been a planter, for three years 
last past in Georgia; on the Island of Skidowa: fhi'j^ilfd*" 
and after that I had Spent, all my time ; and all 
that I was worth; and had brought my self in 
Debt; I was obliged to leave my Settlement; 
and go to Savannah for Imployment. 

The first year : I planted a Spot of land ; of 
about 16 acres which had been cleared and plant- 

of Skidowa. 



Wm. Ewen to the Trustees. 

A very 
poor crop. 

ment prom- 
ised by 
Genl. Ogle- 
thorpe to 

ed by John Latter and Andrew Barber; but 
had left it for some time. I Imployed 4 Dutch 
Servants on the Said hmd; who did me no other 
Service : but attend the Corn ; Peese ; Rice ; and 
Pottatoes. I had a very bad crop this year; 
being 9: bushels corn, and ^A bushel of peese; 
no rice, nor pottatoes; I afterwards cleared 
about 5 acres of my own Land : and planted it 
with corn, peese and pottatoes; I found that I 
was not able to mentain my Serv*. by planting 
so I wrote a letter to General Oglethorpe; de- 
sireing I might have the liberty of returning 
my servants again to the Store. General Ogle- 
thorpe: sent orders to ^P. Thomas Jones; to 
take my servants and discharge my Ace', of 
them. Accordinly I delivered them to M"". 
Jones : and they are now in your llon"^. Service ; 
but M''. Jones has not yet; credited; nor dis- 
charged; my Acc^ of them: tho I have often ask 
him. This year, General Oglethorpe : had prom- 
ised Incouragement to the planters: and the 
Stores should take their crops; at a certain 
price; and have a bounty of 2\ ^ bushel; for 
corn ; & peese ; and P. ^ bushel, for pottatoes. I 
raised 90 bushels of corn; but had no peese, 
nor pottatoes. I had my crop measured, in 
preasents (sic) of three persons: as was 
order 'd: and a Cei-tificate under their hands: 
for the Same. It was now very low with me; 
I waited on ]VP. Jones : and desired him to bye 
part'* of my crop: which he consented to, but 
never did. I offer 'd M'. Jones my certificate: 
for the bounty money, and desired; he would 


TVm. Ewen tc the Trustees. 

pay it me. I told him I was in want: and it 
would be a great help to me; but he made an 
excuse; and Seem'd to be angry. I came to 
town Several times; being 20 miles by water, 
from my plantation ; and ask M^ Jones, to pay 
me the bounty money, but he was always full of 
Excuse's; and with an angry countenance: 
would tel me: he had no time; and was in haste 
with doeing other buissenes, the last time I wait- 
ed on him ; he told me I Should have come Soon- 
er ; for now he had paid all the money he had : 
for that purpose, (tho I was one of the first that 
had brought a certificate to him) few men but 
my self he has paid all their bounty money or 
part, (but it is to those that he likes best.) I Had bad 

^ . luck with 

have had very bad luck; with my cattle; for my <^attie. 
calves dyed ; and many of my hogs ; run away : 
whir'h keept me poore; for I could gett none to 
Sell; and many times none for my own use. 
which had M"". Jones : have paid me the bounty 
money, it woukl have been the greatis help to 
me; and I Should have been able to (sic) con- 
tinued: on my Settlement: till it had pleased 
God; I Should have had better Success. ]\P. 
AMiitfield arrived about this time; and I whent whitfieM 
and offered him mv boards and Shingles, which shinpies oft 

" of own house 

I had for building my house, and he bought them clothing. 
of me. this money furnished me with Shoes to 
my feet; and Other things which I much want- 
ed &:q all the Inhabetants of this place was gon ; 
excepting' M\ Mouse : and my self, and now he 
was reduced so low, that he had Scarce cloaths 
to cover him, he haveing a large family very 

458 Colonial Records 

Wm. Ewen to the Trustees. 

sooiie after this : he left his settlement : with all 
his Improvements; and whent with his family 
to live at Savannah. I need not amuse your 
Hon", with the many Curiossites; (sic) that 
may be raised here (with care, and pains) as 
well as in Europe, but those are things that will 
not Satisfye a man. when he is hungry; nor 
cloath him; when he is Naked; for many times: 
I have had : no other provisions to eat but Hom- 
ony and Salt; tho I have used my utmost en- 

This last year I Planted again; and when my 
Corn was in ear ; the Cattle broak the fence in 
the night, and distroyed all I had growing on 
the ground, and what few hogs I had ; run away 
so that this was a bad year to me, for I had not 
one grain of any kind of my land. I had only a 
boy with me on the Island, and he was lent me 
for a little time. I had now : almost broak my 
Constituion ; with hard working; and hard Live- 
ing and could not see any prospect ; of any re- 
turns of my Labour; now I was Obliged to 
tiemVt*^ leave my settlement, (tho, much against my In- 
clination.) and Skidoway: without Inhabetants. 
I am with all due respect. 
Your Hon". 

Most obediant; Hum*''^ Serv*. 
To Command 

William Ewen. 

Savannah 4^\ Deeem''^^ 1740. 

Obliged to 

Correspondence 459' 

Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Hamian Verelst. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Mr. Thomas Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst 
RECD 28 Septejmber 1741 

Frederica DeceIn^ 10'\ 1740, 


Col : Stephens hath, I doubt not, acquainted 
you w'\ the strong Efforts of the expiring fac- Efforts of 
lion at Savannah, towards distressing this poor ygSSnah 
Colony. Their Attempts supported only by *c°oion7in^^ 
impotent malice & Falshood : Time, w^*" : 
usually brings things to the light, we hoped 
would over throw— But before we co^ reason- 
ably expect to hear that this Cloud was dissi- 
pated, another is risen in the South portending 
greater danger — We have had only the Skirts 
of the Storm hitherto and hope it will blow over. 
Surprize & Grief prevent my explaining— To ^airauon of 
relieve my thoughts allow me to relate an old ^^°'^'- 
Story w^^ : I read w^ien at School, of one Circe, 
w'**: by her Withcrafts transfonned men into 

I have always esteemed that Account 

to be only a Practical Fiction & Fabulous and 
much doubted the power of Witchcrafts, In W^" : 
opinion I have been more confirmed. Since a 
late Act published by our Legislature — But— 
The General having writ to me to come to Fred- 
erica in order to examine & State their Store 
Accompts &c. I arrived here the 14'*'. last Month, ^r. Hawkins 

^ . 1 J demands 

where I have remain 'd ever smce unemployd, p|>7"e^°f 
M"".. Hawkins soon after my Arrival, demanded ^^^^- 

460 Colonial Records 

Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

of me the payment of a half y'": Salary, and 
other Sums of money due to him from the Trus- 
tees to the amo* : of £100, or thereabouts — I 
replyed that I came on purpose to Settle Acco^ : 
w"* : his ExcelF :, who, I believed wo*^ : ord^ pay- 
ment to be made to all persons who had any 
monies due to them ; He told me That the Gen- 
eral had told him, that I had the money in my 
hands, w"*". I had hitherto detain 'd but he wo"^: 
make me pay him — I waited on his ExcelP : & 
acquainted him That M". Moore having, by his 
ExcelP': appointm^ undei-taken to discharge, 
the Estimated Expences of the Southern part of 
the Colony, And had reced of Col: Stephens 
four hundred pounds for that pui-pose — That. I 
had advanced about seven hundred pounds of 
the Trust^: money by his ExcelP": orders, for 
the discharge of sundry necessary expences, not 
provid'^: for by the Estimate, as particularly; 
for Provisions bo' : & sent to Frederica £314. for 
S?«^ary ^^^ Garrisou at fort Augusta £307. To Anthony 
expences. ^iHy'g Acco' : for the Year 1740 £112. — &<?.— 
That if his ExcelP : did not think proper to allow 
those pa}^n'': towards defraying the Estimate, 
I desired he wo^: direct me what I was to do, 
And how to Acco': for those Sums to the Tims- 
tees— I had the Acco' : & Vouchers w"' : me but 
his Exc'': wo'': not then look at them — ]\P. 
Hawkins daily harassed me and among other 
demands insisted to have the Sum of £75. al- 
low"*: ^ the Estimate for the Care of the Sick 
Viz': Food &.c. 

The Anxiety of mind, that I am at present 

Correspondence 461 

John Fallowfleld and John Pye to the Trustees. 

in, will not permit me to proceed in relateing 
matters (w^^ I wisli may be buiied in Oblivion) 
you will soon know them from others — 
Yo^ &0— 

T. J. 

[Thomas Jones.] 

The Letter (of w^\ the above is A Copy) I 
had writ, intending to have Sent it to you but 
on Second tho'ts declined y" Sending it— About 
a Months past John Pye (who had access to y* 
Books & papers in y^ Compting house), found 
this Letter w'*'. other memorand"^^ I had taken 
when at Frederica — and couveyd them away & 
has since sent Copies of y' Letter abroad— 

(From B. P. E. O., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from John Fallowfield and John Pye 
TO THE Trustees relating to the Remon- 
strances 24 DEcP^ 1740. 

May it Please Your Hon^'. 

As no doubt you will Observe our Nairn es Sub- 
scribed to the remonstrance of the Inhabitants 
of this Colony So it may Surprize your Hon"^. 
as we are both Magistrates Appointed by Your 
Selves that we had not the Seal of this town- 
ship affixd to our paper. We therefore think it 


Colonial, Records 

John Fallowfield and John Pye to the Trustees. 

Mr. Henry 
Parker and 
Mr. Thos. 
Jones In 
of the 

The seal 

incumbant upon us to acquaint your Hono"^. 
with the reasons why we coud not — The first 
reason was M'. Henry Parker the first Bailife Sz 
M^ Tho^ Jones the third Bailife has got & 
keeps Possession of the Seal & has the Same 
Secured in Your Hon'"\ late Store house, now 
the Store of the fores^. W. Jones So that no 
one can get at it without his leave. 

The Second reason w^as had we demanded the 
Seal in a peremptory manner as we humbly 
think we might have done by the Authority your 
Hon", has been pleased to Invest us with the 
Violent & furious temper of the third Bailife M'. 
Jones would probably have ocasion'd Some dis- 
turbance whereby Mischeif probably might have 
Ensued. We therefore Seriously Considered of 
the affair and having the Welfare of the Town 
& the Queit of the people greatly at heart re- 
solved not to contest our Authority with theirs 
in a Publick manner dreading the fatal conse- 
quences Imagining likewise that as we had truth 
on our Side we Should be beleived tho we had 
not the Seal to confirm it. However that noth- 
ing might be wanting in us to get the use of the 
Seal in a peaceable way Andrew Duchee Con- 
stable who Your Hon'■^ know is next in power 
to the ^lagestrates went in the Name of himself 
and the People to Coll. William Stephens who 
we lookd upon to be the proper Person to make 
Application to in that Affair Your Orders Being 
derected to him. And desired that the people 
might have the Seal Affixd to their Greivances 


John Martin Bolzius to Harman Verelst. 

which they woud di-aw up themselves they not 
Imagining his paper Set furth any of theirs — 

Coll : Stephens then told M^ Dnchee that the 
people Should not have the Seal to affix to any 
of their Papers & Unless they Signd what he 
had wrote all their doing woud be of no Signifi- 
cation. Upon which we desisted from making 
any further Demands. Not doubting but Your 
Hon", ^v^ll approve of the peaceable Mild & 
Calm deportment throughout this whole affair 
Shown by us. 

Your Hon", most Obedient humble Ser"'. 

John Fallowfield 

John Pye. 

Savannah in Georgia 
December Y^ 24'\ 1740. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

JoHx Martin Bolzius to Harman Verelst Esq. 

Ebenezer in Georgia Dec. 29^*" : 1740. 

Dear Sir, 

I received your favour of the 11*. of June last, 
& am very glad to find, the Honble Trustees are 
continually inclined to promote Ebenezer 's Happy state 
Happiness in the best maimer, they are iuabled Ebenwe^ 
to by the Pro\idence of God, which encourages 


Colonial. Eecords 

John Martin Bolzius to Harman Verelst. 

Death of 
Peter Hen- 
rick's wife. 




Corn mill 

US mightily to rejoyce in the Lord, & put up to 
him our hearty Wishes & Prayers for their 
being rewarded manyfold here & hereafter by 
all manner of Blessings. Especially my Duty 
obliges me to return them most humble Thanks, 
that they have been pleased to approve of Gen- 
eral Oglethorpe's Benefaction, by which 2 years 
agone some dutch Families, mentioned in your 
Letter, are delivered under my Care, for being 
imploy'd at our Place like servants, for when 
they have pay VI Cap. Thomson £82 : 16 : 8. I 
take Liberty to acquaint you, that Peter Hen- 
rick's Wife died at Savannah immediately after 
Cap. Thomson's Arrival, before this family was 
engaged to us. Likewise there is mentioned a 
Woman Kimigunda Knowart, aged 54, who is 
quite unknown to me. His Excellency Gen'. 
Oglethorpe has ordered an old Widdow as a 
Charity to our Orphan-House, whose name is 
Catharina Custobader, & is not mentioned in 
your Letter. The Shoemaker Adde with his 
Wife & Child is ordered by the General from the 
first time to repay his Passage to the Store at 
Savannah, & has delivered already to M"". Jones 
several Pair of Shoes on Account of his Pas- 
sage. Three Girls of the said dutch Servants 
are married to very good Husbands of mj^ Con- 
gregation, & the rest being young gro^^^l up 
under temporal & spiritual Instruction for being- 
prepared for adventageous Marriages at our 

Our Corn-Mill, which I mentioned in my 
last Letter to you is now by God's Assistance 



John Martin Bolzius to Harmai. Verelst. 

finished, & we nse already the Fruits of the 
ver>^ great Labour, wliicli the Saltzburgers 
unanimously underwent. If the Freshes in Sav- 
anah River are ordinary, not too high or too 
low, they are able to grind at least 10 Bush. 
Indian Corn in one Day & Night, & if they had 
an other Pair of Mill Stones, they would grind a 
great Deal more, since the Mill is built in such 
manner, that 2 pair of Stones can work at once. 
For want of time <& money they could not built a 
Stamping ^^lill for making the Rice merchant- 
able, but we will have it w^ithout much Difficulty, 
when there is some ^Money to iiay the Workmen. 
As we doubt not the 3,1111 be of a good Use to 
imany people in the Colony, so I am in Hopes, 
the Hon'"^ Trustees will bountifully inable me 
to pay the Carpenters' & other people, that 
assisted them in this veiy weighty & dangerous 
Undertaking, who give me Credit till I am 
inabled by Benefactors to pay them. The 
Charges of the whole Building amount to 89£ 
Sterl. They have done the Work at very reason- 
able. Wages, &: being in several Wants, they 
would be mightily encouraged, if the Hon"'". 
Trustees would be pleased to resolve the Payi- 
ment thereof. His Excellency Gen'. Oglethorpe 
has given me for that purpose 12£ Sterl. as a 
Benefaction besides a pair of very good Mill 
Stones. A SaUzburger, Kogler. by name, has 
been the chief - Builder of the Mill being a very 
ingenious, uninterested & industrious Man, he 
has done to our Inhabitants many good services 
from the first time of our Settlement, cl' is not 
yet rewarded for it, whom I beg leave to recom- 
mend to the Trustees 's Favour c^^ Generosity. 

Unable to 
build stamp- 
ing mill on 
account of 
lack of 

Kosler. the 
chief builder 
of the mill, 
mended to 

^^ Colonial, Records 

JoHn Martin Bolzius to TIarman Verelst. 

Since the Saltzburg-ers were iniploy'd in this 
& other necessary Buildings at their respective 
Plantations, newly inhabited, they have this 
year not so much Land cleared & planted, & 
consequently not brought in so large a Crop as 
last year. They had planted 154 Acres, & the 
Produce thereof was 2423 Bush. Corn. 261 Peas, 
553 Eice, 385 Potatoes. A good -many Acres are 
left unplanted about the Town for being Pastur- 
ages. Last Spring 10 people were persuaded 
to list for the Siege of Augustin, went away at 
planting season, & returned home in the Fall, 
consequently had no Crop at all When Col. 
Stephens 2 jNIonths ago asked of me the Quan- 
tity of our people's Produce in the Fields, I sup- 
posed, that the Crop of this year would prove, if 
not more plenty, yet at least equal to that of the 
late year, having had a very hue Pros}>ect in the 
Fields, but after all is measured, I find a lesser 
Quantity but sufficient for the people's subsis- 
tance &■ to spare. Heartily commending you &: 
the Hon*"^ Trustees to the divine Conduct & 
Blessing, Sz me, my Fellowlabourer, & our Flock 
to their & your constant Favour, I subscribe 

Worthy Sir / your most obedient 
ver}'' humble Ser\^ant, 

John Martin Bolzius. 

Doctor Thielo presents his most humble 
Respects to the Plon''^ Trustees & in- 
treats their Goodness for allowing him 
some Provisions for his subsistance. 

To Hanuan Verelst Esq"". 

Correspondence 467 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from Wm. Stephens Esq,"' to Mr. Har- 
man Verelst. Eecd. 8 April 1741 

Savannah 31^'. December 1740. 


On the 20'^. Uir°: I wrote a Letter, inscribed 
to the hon*"": Trustees, which went hence in a 
small Box, together with the state of this Pro- 
vince (which had lain so long on my hands) and 
in the same Box I also sent many other papers 
thereto appertaining, together with a Schedule 
of the whole, and a Letter to you of the same 
date, to which I likewise added my Joumal 
Coppy'd from the 5"^ of October: to the 17th: 
of Nov^"": (both inclusive.) On the 27"^. of 
N^ov*"". I wrote again to the board to which I add- 
ed a very short one of the 28'*". to you, ^vith 
Coppy of my Journal again from the 18^^. Nov^^ 
to the 27'^. both inclusive, all these I sent at 
two different times, to M^ Hopton, to forward 
^ fii-st Occasion, who wi'ote again that there 
was no Ship then likely to sail for London till 
after Xmas; but M^ Peter Colliton intending to 
take passage for England in a Ship bound to 
Bristol, on Business that required hast for his 
being in London; he intendeil to commit the 
charge of both those Packets, received from me, 
to him; who had promised to take particular 
care, & deliver them to the Trast himself; & 
being a Gentleman of good Character; I hope 

468 CoLONiALr Records 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. Ilarman Verelst. 

they'll get a safe conveyance by him; presum- 
ing the Ship is now far gone in her waj'. I 
acquainted you in mine of the 20^''. Xov''^ that I 
beleived I had received all Letters &c sent from 
the Trust, that coukl then be expected, the last 
of which was yours of the 29"\ July, and P : S : 
of the 6^^: of Aug'-: Upon looking back into 
several of your Letters, I am to confess that I 
find divers Articles passed over, which require 
to be answered by nie ; such as I could not well 
digest of late, when my thoughts were indis- 
pensably taken up, with Matters of the greatest 
importance, that crowded so fast on me. I shall 
therefore now touch upon some of them, and 
hope by degrees to discharge my Duty in going 
thro' all. 

It has given me great disquiet of mind that 
Reparation ^^^^ Ordcrs scut, & repeated, about the Eepara- 
Light House tiou of thosc publick Works named, viz'': the 

at Tybee, ^ . ^^ ' 

Hous^^''' Light House at Tybee, the great House built by 
Mr^Brldiey ^^'- Bradley, & the Saw Mill, have not punctual- 

^,^^ e saw 1^^. been fulfilled; the former of which more 
especially demanded immediate help to pre- 
serve it, being of so great Value & Use. But I 
am forced to say, what I once before did, that 
my urgent Importunity to set forward that 
"Work, did not 'meet with that ready concurrence 
I wish'd; which proceeded from an Opinion in 
others, that 'twas not in so Weak & decaying a 
Condition as I apprehended; Sz that as there 
were other publick Works then also to be taken 
in hand, it might very well give place for a 
while to such: at length M^ Jones' went with me 

Correspondence 469 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

thither, taking some AVorkmen with us to Sur- 
vey it, when we found it so far gone, that 'twas 
judg'd by a] I impracticable to save, it in the 
State it stood, being so dangerous, that nobody 
dared to Venture upon it; as I wrote in my 
Journal of the 23'*. of June last : so that it must 
ine\itably fall (from all that I can be informed 
in) tho' it yet stands, & possibly may this Win- 
ter; and then (tis affiiined) is the only proper 
time to set it up again ; which we are told may 
be done at as little expence as it could have been 
repaired, for that must have been, by making all 
the Ground Timbers new, and most part also of 
the Upper "Work, & when they have it under- 
hand, a great deal of the Scantling will serve 
again as well as ever, by new framing; for 'tis 
the Joynts througliout that are decayed, ^S: 
rotten; which aiught have been prevented, if the 
whole had been weather bearded at first ; where- 
as it ought not to be admired at tliat a naked 
piece of Work framed out of Pine, and stand- 
ing exposed witLout any covering, m.ust decay 
in few Years. I have never thought of this 
without Vexation, but that avails nothing: if I 
am blameable for it, 'tis due, because instead of 
recommending it to be done, I did not positively 
Order it; which Power indeed I have rarely (if 
ever) assumed; always thinking that upon 
Signifying the Orders I receive from the Trust, 
to such as the Workmen have still taken their 
Direction from, it remained no longer with me 
to carry' it into Execution: but now indeed I 
liave no Ttoom to plead that in excuse; tlie 

470 Colonial Records 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelot. 

hon*•'^ Ti'ustees having in their Letter of tlie 
ir*": June (which I hitely received) sufficiently 
exphiined to what length my Duty in such cases 
extends, <fc 1 hope I sliall henceforward prevent 
all Occasions of their Order being often repeat- 
HousS"^* ed. The Great House which is commonly called 
the Town House, has had their Orders in part 
fulfilled on it; the Ground Timbers being taken 
out, which we found in so short a time greatly 
decayed; and the whole Fabrick is pinn'd up by 
a Sufficient Stone "Wall of more than 7 foot 
height from the Bottom of the Cellars : but the 
Roof is not meddled with, the General purposing 
to have a flat covering yet made effectual, which 
has hitherto baffled the undertakers : and I wish 
it may not continue so to do. At present they 
are underpinning the Court House (& Church) 
which being built on Loggs after the manner of 
our common built Houses; those Loggs begin- 
ning to decay, the whole began to sink, as we 
find all other Houses so built to do sooner or 
later. As for the Saw Mill I can say little to it, 
more than that I acquainted the General av^". the 
TiTJstees Orders about it, when I waited on him 
in Sep^'"": last, & conferred with him thereon; 
who seemed to be under some doubt whether or 
not 'twas practicable in the same place; the 
Ground thereabout being so torn up & wash'd 
away when tlie last was blown up, that it could 
not be done without an immense expence but he 
said he would Consider of it, and see if a more 
proper place could be found for it. 

Observing in one of your Letters received a 

Correspondence 471 

Wtn. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

Ns-hile since, that some papers sent in a Box by 
Cap'. Wright, to which the corporation Seal way 

, . , A box of 

affixed, were ordered to be registered m the papers sent 

' ° to^ Capt. 

common Register; and in Vain expecting that bright. 
Box, which is never yet come to my hands dur- 
ing a whole Year past (as I have more than once 
taken notice of in some of my former) and 
thereby having no immediate Occasion of the 
Register being apply 'd to for that purpose, was 
the cause of my failing to acquaint the Trust 
that we are utterly now without any person to 
take that Office; ]\r. BroAvnfield, who readily 
Accepted it (as I wrote) sometime after telling h.^'i re°^°' 

■ . ' . . „ signea as 

me, that he desired to quit it, for several rea- registrar, 
sons, which I thought of little weight, and not 
thinking it suitable to the dignity of the Dis- 
]">osers of that Office, to entreat any ones accep- 
tance of it. ^^'ith a pretty Salary annexed, w'^ : 
^^"Duld take up no part of his time worth Valu- 
ing; I desired he himself would acquaint the 
Trustees with it ; which he promised me he 
would. tS: I did not doubt he had done : wliith has 
been another cause of my letting it pass so long 
unobserved. In like manner we are at present 
at a loss also for want of a Suiwevor; which 

' Colony in 

indeed is of the highest use in this Colony: ^|^4°^ ^'"'' 
Noble Jones was certainly an able one, & cap- 

al)le also of making a proper plan of his Work ^^^.i^ jones 

after 'twas done: but he was grown so indolent, surveyor, 

but iindo- 

liumoursome, & indifferent about it: which oc- lent 
casioued abundance of uneasiness among peo- 
]>le, for not having their Lands ascertained &:c ; 
That the Trustees could not well avoid discharg- 
ing him; tlio' fre^piently since in cases of Exi- 


Colonial Records 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

Cakes and 
his Master 

relating to 
Mr. White- 

gence, tlio General found it needfull for him to 
do several pieces of Jobb AVork; finding none 
near at liaud to be reh^ed on, and upon other 
Occasions we have got one out of Carolina to 
do some thing's occasionally; which puts us often 
to a Nonplus, for we can't perswade any one, 
who is master of that Occupation, to think it 
worth his while to live here, and be ready at all 
times, without greater encouragement tlian is 

What was lately wrote me about young 
Oakes, & his Master Young ; T lioped there would 
have been no occasion for; after what I had 
formerly done with my best care, relating to 
that Affair, & exainined it thoroughly I hope his 
Grace the Duke of Richmond, & the Lads 
Father will both be satisfied m w' : is now done; 
the Substance vrhereof T send lierewitli, ^- what 
to do more I know not. There is a certain per- 
son here living, who owes no good will to Young: 
and having so'rne knowledge of the Boys Father, 
'tis suspected that he may have wrote some 
Calumny against his Master undeservedly: but 
whenever the Boy returns to Eng. I fear he will 
be little comfort to his Father; but without good 
looking after, be in great danger of coming to 
shame, being prone to all Idleness. 

The several articles relating to Mr. "Whitefield^ 
which ought to be taken ISTotice of by me, you'll 
find in my Journal ; where also I acknowledge 
the Rec^: of £150 in Sola Bills for the Church; 
and the Daily Advertisers w'^'' : you was so kind 
to send therewith, I now return thanks for; & 

Correspondence 473 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

you'll beleive We at this Distance are fond of 
hearing a little of what is doing in our own 
Native Country. 

I find my Letter swell so fast, that I must ask 
leave to postpone some other matters w^*^ : have 
lain a little in arrear unanswered, till my next ; 
w'\ I intend shall not be long after this. 

The day on which M^ Whitfeild left us, he 
brought a Girl before the Magistrates (Ann 
Clark the Daughter of Henry Clark deceased) Ann^ciark 
who in their presence made choice of M^ A^Hiit- wh;tfi|id as 
feild for her Guardian; being of Age, as 'twas 
said, sufficient to make such choice; and the 
intent was, that M^ Whitfield would take her 
with him for England, as a companion & assis- 
tant to a younger Girl that he had brought 
thence last Year, by her Parents Consent, to be 
educated under him ; but they had now sent for 
her home again, & Mr. Whitfield promises to 
see this Ann Clark returned again hither forth 
with but as we are not well Satisfied, whether 
'twas right or not, to pennit her being taken 
out of the Colony on this Occasion; I thought 
proper to acquaint you with it, that the Trus- 
tees Opinion thereon might be known, & more 
especially as the Girl has Friends in England, 
as I am informed. 

The Bill on M^ Saxby, which you returned to 

,, , ., 1J 1.^ Bill on Mr. 

me for £200— upon assurance that it wouia be saxby. 
now paid; I take the Opportunity by the same 
conveyance which cary's this, of sending it to 
M'. Hopton to get it accepted. 

474 Colonial Records 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

Herewith you'll receive Coppy of my Journal 
from the 28*^: Nov*"", to this day both inclusive; 
and also Coppys of my last Letters of he 20'*^ :, 
27'*' :, & 28^^ : of Nov^ together with that of the 
present State of this Pro\ance. 

Be so good to pardon the Liberty I take of 
making use of any hand but my own in writing 
this to you; not intending to make k my pTac- 
tice; but it gives me a little ease at present, 
being pretty well tired in scribling out the Origi- 
nal; & many other matters demand my attend- 
ance immediately. Please to accept of the usual 
Complement of the season from me; wishing 
you a happy New Year; & that it may prove 
more prosperous than the past; which indeed 
has put an Old Fellow to his Trumps. 

Y^ Very Humble Servant 

Will: Stephens. 

To M^ Harman Verelst 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from: "\Vm. Stephens Esqr to ]\rR. Har- 
man Verelst Recd 8 April 1741 

Savannah 31 Dec\ 1740. 


Please to allow me a few Words in a separate 
letter from my other of this same date: begging 

Correspondence 475 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

the favour of you to present my best Respects Acknowi- 
to my Good Lord Egmont, with my most grate- I'rSr 

. from Lord 

full acknowledgment of liis unmerited Present Egrmont. 
to me, of three Casks of fine English Beer, w'^. 
I lately receiv'd with little Damage; only one of 
'em sustaining a little Leakidge, occasiond (as 
the Sailors term it) by a small Worai hole, 
which gave room for tasting it; but more 
sparingly y" I have often known; and there is 
Plenty sufficient of it, come safe & well, to put 
me frequently in mind of the Generous & honour- 
able Donor. The letter w'\ I had also the 
honour to receive from his Tjordship, I shall 
take a proper occasion soon to return my due 
thanks for; and shall not forget to procure those 
few triffles as soon as may be, which his Lord- 
ship apprehended might be of some use to him. 

I have at this time adventured to give M^ 
Vernon the trouble of a few lines, which i^er- a few 

lines to Mr. 

haps I may be judged faulty for never doing vemon. 
before, after his giving me so much Encourage- 
ment to write to him as he was pleased to do 
[torn] my entering on the Service of the 
Honourable Trust: and what I d[torn] of you 
is, that you'll be so kind to deliver it with all due 
Eespect & Deference. 

You may remember, \\ in a former letter I 
beggd your assistance in sending me over some 
young fellow to be a writing Clerk under me; 
but in my letter since to you, I said I had gotten 
one recommended to me w"*". I hoped would 
answer my purpose and save you the trouble. 
The man I have, does not want capacity or 

476 Colonial Records 


Mr. Fallowfield to the Trustees. 

qualification sufficient, but has other Qualitys y* 
I cannot bear; being no longer easy, when out of 
my Doors, than till he gets into some Company ; 
which he has been so long addicted to, in the 
Nations of Indians where he has had some 
abode, that I doubt he'll not easily wear off the 
strong appertite he has to Drink. I must ask 
your leave therefore to return to my fomier 
Request of you; that in case you can find a 
modest youth, who has a pretty good use of his 
pen; I should hope to see liim more tractable, 
and attentive to good advice, than a person 
S a^^ther habituated to a loose way of Life : and as I be- 
fore wrote, under those tenns, I am apt to think 
he may live prettily here ; where he may prob- 
ably not be the worse, for an Old Mans admoni- 
tion against idle courses. 

I am S^ Your oblidged & very humble Serv'. 

Will : Stephens. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Copy of Letter (without name) but wrote by 

Mr. Fallowfield to the Trustees Recd 

6 June 1741 

Savannah Janu^ y" r\ 1740. 

May it please your Hon". 

Your favour Received dated March y. 25'^. 
1740 wherein you desire me to Discourage that 
Mutinous spirit w"". has Lately appeared against 

Correspondence 477 

Mr. Fallowfield to the Trustees. 

all Order and Government and the Laws of the 
Countn' No Mutiny has Ever been here to my ^'Shfy 
knowledge, and Ivo been here near Seven years. 
But if ever any Do whilst I am in Comission 
your hon". may depend None will be Readier to 
Supres it y°. my Self, but I must say it is so f arr 
diff rent from anything of y*. kind that the peo- 
ple are here as Humble & as Meek as Lambs, I 
am Sorry to tell your H-on" : here are But verry 
few people Left, The Town is full of Buildings, Town fuii 
but Thin of Inhabitants, Three houses are Emty tut thin of 

' -^ inhabitants. 

Through the Town for one y'. has a Familly in 
it. Things many [may] be represented to your 
Hon", in a flattering light But I am Determind 
to write the truth & not deceive Your Hon". 
The "Welfare of the Colony, I ought to have as 
Much at heart as any Man Living for my Im- 
provements is verry Considerable, w'*": none 
here will or Can Deny, Therefore on y^ failure 
of it after seven years time in the prime of my 
Dayes & some hundreds of pounds Sterling Ex- 
pence Must leave y* to your Hon": if the Dis- 
apointment it must be to leave The place & at 
last to have to begin again some whare Ells, 
w^*". am affraid will be my Case with those that 
are left here in Savannah if wee have not the 
priveledg as they have in Carrolina. It is quite 
contrary to my Inclination to be Troblesome 
to y* Hon^'^ Board with Complaints, Ether pub- 
lic or private Yet as your Hon", thought proper 
To appoint me second Bailiff for this Town & 
County and having been Duely Sworn upon the 
Evangleest to do Justice, & act uprightly in y' 
Office, I can not in Consience Set silent while the 


Colonial Records 

Mr. Fallowfield to the Trustees. 

Tvranny in 
the Colony. 




Mr. Thos. 
Jones the 
chief actor. 

Mr. Henr>- 
Parker, Mr. 
Pve and Mr, 
Wm. Steph- 
ens in Mr. 

province Groans under tlie insupportable 
TATanny of some people here who act under The 
Cloake of your Hon". Name & Authority, The 
Grievance of the few Remaining people, are not 
only what they sett forth in there Late Repre- 
sentation. But there Natural rights are Deny'd 
them the Priveledgs of British Subjects are with 
held from them The Protection of the Laws of 
the Nation, whereof they are Members is Refus- 
ed Them M^ Tho". Jones who your Hon", ap- 
pointed Third Bailiff is The Chief Actor here in 
all those Dispotick Measures, I call him the prin- 
ciple in the place. Because he has the posses- 
sion & i3'aying away your Hon". Money the 
Direction of your public works & the Gcveni- 
ment of all your Servants he Rules all Guides all 
& directs all and that in a Haughty & Imperious 
Manner As my Oath obliges Me to see Strict and 
Impartiall, Justice done to eveiy one So I En- 
deavoured as farr as in me Lay to put a Stop to 
such proceedings But I found it out of my 
power, I objected against such Measures in 
private with y^ other Majestrates & before your 
Secretary But to no purpose — 

I then Objected in Public Court w^^. had no 
Better Effect. For M^ Henry Parker who your 
. Hon", replaced as first Bailiff is Intirely at 
Jones Disposal, Otherwise his Familly wod 
Starve. M^ Pye The Recorder having Been 
Lately a Clerk, in your Hon". Store where M". 
Jones was his Master; The Terror of whom is 
not more of yet and your Secretary William 
Stephens is quite affraid of him So that none is 

Correspondence 479 

Mr. Fallowfield to the Trustees. 

Left to withstand Tiie Tyrannical doing of ]\r. 
Jones, but my Self, I must here humbly Beg 
pardon of your Hon", for writing so Tmly, but - - ■> 
as I write Nothing but the Ti'uth and y'. To Dis- 
charge my Consience, I cannot think j^our Hon", 
wall lay any Blame to my Door, what I write I 
am Eeady to prove By the Testimony of Several 
AVittnesses some j\ Kemain here in the Colony, 
and Numbers that are Gone away. Upon Acc\ 
of the Arbitary Government in it, I could give 

your Hon", many Instances of Uiere Cruel, The arbi- 
trary gov. 

Illegal and Unjust Doings, but shall only Troble fhe^coion?' 

you with a few, Tho from the whole I wash 
hands having a Time Declared against them, 
The first Illegal & Unjust Act M'. Jones Com- 
mitted after being in a Bailiff was Joining with 
your Secretary in keeping up and Detaining 
3^our Hon", appointment for Tho^ Christie to be 
first Bailiff' & AVilliam AVilliamson to be Re- 
corder Though often demanded & as often Ee- 
fused, Yet in the Mean time he the s"^. Jones did 
Support & Encourage Henry Parker to Con- 
tinue to set and Act as first Bailiff', altho he 
was by your Hon", turned out of all his places 
at that verry time and afforesaid Tho", Christie 
having sometime after Eeceived a Letter from 
your Hon": wherein you Directed him as first 
Bailiff and one of the Comis". for Settling your 
Accounts, with all speed to forward the s**. Ac- 
counts that the same might be Laid Before the 
Parliament, Upon Eeceipt of w'\ Letter ]\P. 
Christie Went to M"". Stephens & the s**. Jones & 
Shewd them the Letter and Desired them to 
read the Trustees Instructions But thev would 

the Colony. 

480 Colonial Kecords 

Mr. Fallowfield to the Trustees. 

not, M^ Christie then to Discharge liis duty to 
the Trustees and Free him self from Blame 
resolved to read the same in Public Court But 
that he was not allowed to do for he no Sooner 
Begun to Read Than W. Stephens M'. Parker 
]\r. Jones Stopt him & said he must read no 
such letter there for it was not fit that the people 
Should know all the Trustees Orders. One thing 
more of a Public Xature y^ Concerns the s^ 
Christie, I must Inform Your Hon", of AYilliam 
Woodroof of this Town Freeholder having 
Eecovered by Judgment of Court a Certain sum 
of Money due to him by one Dedieot and having 
Forbore the s''. Dedieot along time, at length 
taprSS* apply 'd to ]\P. Tho\ Christie as Recorder to 
f^ee^'by^Mr'^ Isue a Warrant to stop the s^ Dedieot from 
orders. Goiug out of the proviuce until he was Satisfyed 

w'^ M". Christie Accordingly did and Dedieot 
was Stopt. But Tho'. Jones having a desire that 
the s"^. Dedieot Should Go Sent for the Officer or 
TVthing-man who had Dedieot in Custody and in 
a Violent Manner where is the Warrant you 
pretend to stop this Man By. The officer y°. 
delivered it to him Upon w^*". the said Jones said 
I discharge this warrant, Let him go whare.he 
has a mind. I order it, I'le keep you Free from 
harm. And the s^. Dedieot was discharged with- 
out Giving any Security or Satisfaction given 
to the said Woodroof »S: still Continuing in the 
same passhon he abused the s^. Christie in a 
Violent Manner, & said he was Xo ^fajestrate 
& that he would take care that he should be none 
in a little time I was present at the same time <S: 
blamed the s^ Jones for his proceedings ab': 


Mr. Fallowfield to the Trustees. 

M^ Christie and toold him at the same time the 

Recorder had Granted Warrants in M^ Caus- 

tons Time and the Trustees had always Looked 

on the Recorder as a Majestrate Before ever he 

came here & he the s^ Jones at a Court held for 

This Town & County did most Arrogantly give 

a Charge to the Grand Jury, without consulting 

or advising with Ether of us W. Parker or my 

Self Thereupon & most Impudently when he 

himself was Ended desired ]\P. Whitfield to Con- Mr. jones 

firm what he had said and Give a Charge to the whitefieia 

" rulling 

Grand Jury likewise w^\ he the s^ Whitefield ^he court. 
did and at the same Court, Lewis Bynon Indian 
Trader ha^^ng Charged Henneth Mackenzie w*''. 
felony and appMng to the Grand Jury to Indict 
for the Same The s^ Jones Setting on y^ Bench 
did say the Jury will not Indict him of felony, 
but they shall present him for ]^Iisdemeanors 
and if you Indict him upon felony the bill will be 
brought in Ignorant and Isaac Mott one of By- 
nams Witnesses rising up said, I have Sworn he 
Carryed away ]\P. Bynams Goods with a felon- 
ious Intent 'M\ Jones in a passion Replyed 
Sirrah hold your Tongue Otherwise He send 
you to Jayle directly w'*\ Sundry other Appro- 
brious Names and he the said Jones has at Sun- 
dry Times Thrown people into Jayle on frivol- 
ous affairs and has required Excessive and Ex- 
orbitant bail before they would Be released & 
the s''. Jones has passed over many Vile Actions 
whare great Bail ouglit Justly to have been Re- 
quired VIZ the above Mentioned ^McKenzie be- 
ing Apprehended & felony sworn against him 
the s". Jones did take for bail a person no Pi'ee 


Colonial Records 

Mr. Fallowfield to the Trustees. 

How the 
public works 
go on. 

Saw mill 
gone to 

Com mills 
also in 

tion not yet 
laid for 

House built 
to receive 
Indians con- 
verted into 
a slaughter 

holder here and Bound Mckenzie and him only 
in Thirty pound Sterling- when at the same time 
he Obliged Another person to Give Bail to the 
same Amount & likewise to have a Free holder 
Bound w'*". him only for Threatning to Break 
Anothers Head, Having discharged my duty so 
farr in Eelation to y^ Majestrates and Public 
next proceed to give your Hon", an Acc^ of how 
your Public "Works Goes on, for I am DoubtfuU 
they are Eeported to your Hon", diffrent from 
They Eealy are, Your Farms as they are Called. 
Never have produced so much Grain as Main- 
tains the Servants who plants it, The Saw Mill 
at Ebenezer that Cost your Hon", so much 
mony, is now gone To Euin without ever having 
Saw'd Five pounds worth Boards Your Corn 
Mills are Likewise Gone to Destruction. The 
Church in Savannah has not yet got its Founda- 
tion Laid, The five hundred pounds Your 
Hon", sent over to be Distributed amongst In- 
dustrious people has Never been Applyed for 
that purpose your Hon". Large Magizine w'^. 
you Orderd to be Lett as you was to keep no 
more Store, is possesed by M"". Jones who Car- 
ries on a Considerable Trade There & still under 
the protection of your Hon". Name, a Large 
House lately Built here for the Eeception of y" 
Indians at your Hon". Expence is now Convert- 
ed in to a Slaughter house. For the Use of Two 
of M"". Jones Creatures. Coll. Stephens & he 
having furnished them with Money to Buy Cat- 
tle in Carrolina, & drive them to this Town to 
kill & salt Them here for the Use of the General 
Eegiment. Tlio Copper Your Hon", send over 



Mr. FallowField to the Trustees. 

to this pro\'iuce for Change it is not Cercnlate 
here, M^ Jones Disposes of it to the York Mer- 
chants who Gives one Siiilling- Sterling Value 
of any kind of goods for Tenpence in Copper by 
w''\ Means there is no small Change here So 
that ]\rost people are Loosers while he alone is 
G'ainer. The disposal of the divers Sallerys v^"^ 
your Hon"^. thought fit to Intrust the Majes- 
trates w^^. are Intirely disposed of by him & in 
such a Manner That several of his Tools "Wal- 
low in i^lenty while many poor people Starve, 
The s^ Jones Tooke upon him to Grant a 
Lycence of himself without ever Consulting 
another Majestrate, to One Ellis w''''. was then 
Goaler w^*". was very Unfit for the Trust ether 
'as Goaler or to keep a public house w"^^. has 
plainly appeared since by keeping of Late hours 
& having Company in his house. Two prisoners 
broke out of Goal One a Spaniard detained for 
Suspission of Being a Spye, y^ other of being an 
Irish Eoman Catholiek These Fellows Sculk- 
ing about the woods Could not be found Though 
great Search was made, and Every person 
thought They had got to Augustine — 

(From M^ Fallowfield 
to the Trustees) 

Mr. Jones 
disposes of 
copper sent 
over for 
change to 
the York 

Mr. Jones' 
tools wallow 
In plenty 
while poor 

A Lycence 
granted to 
Ellis the 
Goaler to 
keep a pub- 
lic "house. 

Two pris- 
oners broke 
out of goal. 

484 CoLONiAii Recoeds 

Lawrence Rice's Affidavit Received with Mr. Fallowfield's Letter. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Copy of Lawrence Rice's affidavit received 5 

June 1741 with Mr. Fallowfield's Letter 

Dated 1 January 1740 2 August 1739 

Greorgia Savannali: ss: 

Laurence Rice, maketh Oath; that having 
lately Served the Hon^'" : Trustees for Establish- 
ing the Said Province ; in their Garrison at the 
Town of Augusta; under the command of Lieu^ 
Richard Kent, he Obtained a Certificate of Such 
Service from the S*^: commander: that the S*^: 
certificate was directed to W. Thomas Jones 
Store keeper for the S^ : Trustees : and intitled 
him this deponent to receive of the S"^. Thomas 
Jones : the clear and neat Sum of four pounds 
fiveteen Shillings Sterling, that on or about the 
20"^ : of July last ; he this deponent Applyed to 
the S*^ : Thomas Jones for pajnnent ; who making 
some scruples about it and not giving a direct 
answer he this deponent urged that he was in 
great Necessity and was Obliged to return to his 
Wife and Children in Philadelphia; to effect 
which : he Apperhended he Should be Obliged 
to go by the way of New York for want of oather 
passage: which would be a double voige: and 
consequently more expences. but not withstand- 
ing all the Arguments which this deponent could 
use; altho drawn from justice and necessity : 
„ ^ the S"^ : Jones answered : he had no money and 

Mr. Jones 

paf dWt° could not pay it : that this deponent Some time 
after meeting with the S"^: Jones at 'M'. Uptons 

Correspondence 485 

Lawrence Rice's Affidavit Received with Mr. Fallowfield's Letter. 

house at Savannah; he this deponent acquainted 
the S'': Jones that he had offer 'd the S*": certifi- 
cate to Several people for Sale at a discount: 
and that they had refused to have any thing to 
do vith it : and in further discourse Acquainted 
him: that he this deponent was mlling [sic] lose 
the odd money; and would assigne over the S*^: 
certificate to any one on the receipt of four 
pounds Ster^: and this deponent further saith; 
that the S"^: Thomas Jones; did at that time 
answer : that he would have nothing to do with 
it, (but added) that if he this deponent, wou'd 
call upon him in the Afternoone he wou'd en- 
quire if any one of his Acquantanee had any 
ready money by them; (or words to that effect) 
and this deponent further Saith ; that he did not 
go to tlie S*^: Jones according to his appoint- 
ment; but whent to him the next morning: when 
the S"". Jones proposed one M". Harris at the 
publick Store as a proper person to treat with 
concerning the S'' : certificate ading he did not 
know but he might have some money by him; 
and further saith he had Acquanted the S^: 
Harris of what he this deponent had before de- 
clar'd; he was willing to allow for promt pay- 
ment and this deponent further Saith, that he 
Accordingly whent to the S*^: Harris; who as 
this deponent is creditabley informed: is a 
covenant Servant to the S'^ : Thomas Jones and 
this deponent ask'd him the S*^: Harris if M". 
Jones had Spoke to him about his affairs that 
the Said Harris answer 'd yes; and Seemed de- 
sircous, to be in private in what he Said or did 
with this deponent: that this deponent then de- 

^S6 Colonial Eecords 

Lawrence Rice's Affidavit Received with Mr. Fallowfield's Letter. 

live red his S^: certificate to the S": Harris; and 
the S*^: Harris having given him this deponent: 
a Sola Bill for five pounds Sterling: he this de- 
ponent retern'd him tlie S"^: Harris: Twenty 
Shillings as change; whereby he received the 
neat sum of four pounds Sterling; and no more 
in full Satisfaction for the value of the S' : certi- 
ficate and this deponent further Saith ; that hav- 
ing received the S^: four pounds: he this de- 
ponent Offered to Assigne the S'^ : certificate by 
endrsing his name thereon, but the S*^: Harris 
answer 'd that he wou'd take the certificate then 
as it was and tell him another time in what 
manner it Should be Assigned. And this de- 
ponent Saith; that the next day he whent again 
to the S': Plarris to transfer the S^ certificate: 
at which time the S'^: Harris produced a paper 
writeing which contained a fonne for Such As- 
signment : and told him this deponent ; that he 
must write a copy thereof on the back of the 
S"*: certificate which he this deponent accord- 
ingly did : and Signed his name thereto and this 
deponent further Saith; that he hath often seen 
the S*^ : Thomas Jones write : and he verily be- 
lives that the S*^. paper writeing containing a 
forme for the S'^: Assignement; was the hand 
writeing of the S^ Thomas Jones and lastly; 
this deponent Saith; that from the manner 
wherein the S'^ : Thomas Jones exprest himself : 
in recommending the S'': Harris; as a proper 
person for this deponent to treat with: and the 
caution the S'^. Harris used, in paying the money 
as aforesaid, and receiving the Assignement, he 
this deponent verily belives : that the value i)aid 

Correspondence 487 

"Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

by the S*^ : Harris for tlie S'^ : certificate to Mm 
this deponent as aforesaid ^vas the proper 
money; of the S'': Thomas Jones: and con- 
trived on purpose to Oppress him this deponent : 
and draw from him an abatement for his just 
due for prmnpt pajmient. 

Laurence Rice. 

Sworn this twenty 

Second day of August 1739. 

Before me 

Henrv Parker. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter [from AVm. Stephens Esq^. to the] 
Trustees Accotant recd S April 1741 

Savannah 15 Jan: 1740/1. 

Hoping my letters &c of the 20 & 27 Nov met 
with no Remora on their Passage; I made up 
another Paekett with letters of the 31 Dec"; to 
follow the fonner & endeavour to make good my 
promise of writing frequently, more than I was 
thought to have done for a while before past: 
but one thing or other still embarrasses my de- 
signs: that Paekett prepared last, having now 
lain on my hands, to my vexation, more than a 
fortnight, for want of a conveyance hence to 
Cha Town; & how much longer it might, being 
not able to foresee; I determined with my self 


Colonial Eecords 

"Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

felt in re. 
gard to ^it. 
Jones con- 
tinuance at 

Peace again 
reigning in 
the Colony. 

to lose no more time ; but rather put the Trust 
to the Expence of hiring a Boat Express thither, 
than risque my being charged with tardiness in 
my Duty Wherefore I now make use of the op- 
portunity, to send this, as an Appendix to my 
former, under the same Cover; wherein my 
Journal is continued to this day: to which time 
twill be seen what's doing among us in these 

]\P. Jones's continuance at Frederica so long 
since as the middle of Nov'''', gives me no small 
uneasiness; not knowing what may be the 
Cause ; for he writes me nothing more of it, than 
that he had then (30 Dec"" was his last) done very 
little with the General of what he went thither 
about ; k could not make any guess when I shall 
see him here again : in the mean while you may 
imagine I have my hands full of a multitude of 
mixed matters ; many of which I very seldome 
intermedled with, unless I saw it needfull. 
Thank God however that we live in peace among 
ourselves again; the late Fury having pretty 
well sjDent it self; tho' the lashes I have receivd 
from slanderous tongues, I yet feel the smart 
of: but no Violence being offerd; Patience must 
be had Eecourse to, till the result of the honour- 
able Trustees Deliberations shall be known, Sz 
the Standard of Eight or Wrong determined. 

I have always been sollicitous, c^ still am: 
least the Cause W" I most heartily espoused, 
should suffer thro ' any Imbecility of so weak an 
Advocate; which upon often revising, I can 
nevertheless find no reason to varv from: but 

Correspondence 489 

Wm. Stephens to ilr. Harman Verelst. 

this addition I conceive twill bear ; that several 
of the Lots which are fallen to some peoples 
share, are such, as either thro' Barrenness of 
the Soil, or being ovei*flowd with water, renders 
it not worth the labour of the Occupiers to culti- 
vate One, or beyond the Ability of others to 
attempt draining the latter : these however are 
few in comparison of others, which unquestion- 
ably deserve more regard than too many have 
shewn towards 'em of which more may be said 
in a proper season. Tis observable of late, that 
divers of the meanest Subscribers to the oppo- 
site Representation, in their wrangling, often 
reproach one another w**". being ashamed of 
what they have done; & appearing desirous to be 
esteemed by us as Xeuters ; which I regard very 
little but certainly, could we come to a thorough 
knowledge of what they had set forth in that 
Petition, and obtain withall an authentick coppy 
of the same, together with a true List of the 
Names at the End of it 'twould give us great 
light into many of their artifices: and if their 
Honours of the Trust will please to order such 
a Coppy to be sent me, I'll send you a true and 
impartial Character, annexed to the name of 
each individual Subscriber to each Paper : which 
possibly may open a fuller discover}^ of what 
sort of people this part of the Colony consists, 
than auv hitherto. 

The Orders I rec'^ to examine what Eeligious 

T> 1 • T -] n 1 L>raerea 

rJooKs remain here, that were sent over tor the e-^amine 

■' religious 

Ministers use for the time being, &c; I have ^°^^^ 
punctually observ-ed, & taken a proper Cata- 

Ordered to 


490 Colonial Records 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

logue, whereof I sliall send Coppy %^ next Oc- 

I can ill afford much time for long letters at 
present, but short, tS: more frequent, may prob- 
ably be better accepted. I shall close this now, 
with w^ gives me much delight; that I find a 
stronger tendency, every day than other, among 
many, to prepare Ground for making Tine 
Yards ; & so eager they are to out\'ie one another 
that had we thousands of Cuttings more y° we 
have, I am confident they would be made good 
Georgia's ^^^^ ^^' ^ ^^ '^^^ ^ possibly cau, to drive the Xail 
future' pre- that will go ; & am fimily perswaded in mv self 

dieted. t i-N • -n 

j\ (jreorgia will yet, sooner or later, turn out 
such productions of its own, as will put all its 
Adversarys to shame, which yet is due to its 
own Inhabitants in a great measure. Mulberry 
Plants I prepared a good Quantity of in the 
Publick Garden ; which I see deliverd out to alf 
that call for 'em, in such proportion as I think 
they deserve. 

I am 

Your very humble Servant 

Will : Stephens. 

To M\ Harman Verelst 

Correspondence 491 

Wm. Stephens to ^tr. Harman Verelst. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Letter from ]\Ir. Stephens to the Trustees 
AccoTANT. Rec^ May 19, 1741. 

Savannah 23"^. February 1740/1. 


My last was of the 15'*^ : Jan^^ : w^^ : I added as 
an Appendix to a former of the 31^' : Deceml/ :, 
that had lain by me more than a fortnight, for 
want of an Opportunity of sending it to Charles 
Town; wherefore they both went in one Packet 
^ Cap*: ]\reCrae in the Dorobernia: Copys of 
each, you have here enclosed : & by that same 
Packet you would find my Journal carried on 
from Friday 28'-': Nov*"-. Inclusive to the 15'^: 
Jan""^: Ditto; as now you'll have herewith, the 
same continued from Friday the 16"" : Jan'^ : to 
this 23^. of February, both inclusive: and a 
Catalogue of what Books I can fi^nd belonging to The Trust 
the Trust Library; which I have placed in due 
Order together with a poor Inventor}' of what 
the next Parson is to expect he'll find here, 
whenever he comes. I am very sorry that in 
this Reckoning I can find none from you since 
(what I before acquainted you with) of the 29''' : 
July last, with a Postscript of the 6*'': of 
August w'": came to hand not till the IG'*": 
Nov*"": Great allowances ought certainly to be 
made for the uncertainty of time in letters pass- 
ing during this AYar; as well as hazard of more 
kinds than one, of their Safety. It gives us all 


Colonial Kecords 

Win. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 


ship thought 
to be 

Mr. Ham- 
bill on Mr. 

here very great concern, to think whats become 
of Cap'. Thomson; whose loss is so variously 
told, that we know not what to beleive; but in 
the main however, we find too much cause of 
Fear, that his Ship was wreck 'd on the Coast 
near home: w'*^: if true, we may with great 
reason lament it; having experienced that he 
never was bound hither, without importing some 
benefit from the hon^'^ : Trust to this Colony. 

I wrote you in one of my former, that I had 
received M^ Hammerton'sBill on W. Saxby for 
£200, which he had formerly refused io accept, 
returned to me again; upon the said M^ Ham- 
mertons assurance 'twould now find ready ac- 
ceptance ; and that I had sent it to M^ Hopton 
for that purpose, who wrote me, that M^ Saxby 
being then in the Country gathering Quit Eents, 
he waited his return : & a little while after, he 
wrote me, that he had tendered the said Bill 
again; but with the like success as before: 
Coppy of w^\ letter from M^ Hopton I herewith 
also send you. 

I am daily expecting M". Habershams pay- 
ment to me of the £150.. advanced by the Gen- 
eral to M^ Whitfeild, toW^^: building a Church; 
as M^ TThitfeild promised me, after deducting 
what he had expended of it for that use; but yet 
I see nothing of it. 

All the Trusts Orders relating to M". Camuse 
The Trusts ^i"^i ^ ^^1 ^0, punctually obey'd, as far as we 

lasting to^" can: but what thev are pleased to direct con- 
Camuse. cemiug the putting out Orphans apprentices to 

Correspondence 493 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

her, I shall be better able to give an Acco': of, 
as soon as the Magistrates have visited & in- 
spected the Orphan House; w''*'. they tell me 
they intend very speedily. I hope, from what 
I can judge, that we shall find a much better ad- 
vance this Year, than any we yet could, of that vance"^ Jf*^' 
Manufacture of Silk: and A^'iues are planted in t^re^of^siik 

and vines. 

great abundance by divers: I have not been 
wanting to give a good Example, as well in that, 
as Mulberrys; having added above 100 of each 
this Year, to what I had in former Years : from 
whence I have now 150 Vines that have taken 
Root, some of them 2 or 3 years past, and sev- 
eral have far outdone me ; which I look on with 
more pleasure than envy. These are the prin- 
cipal things we have to say for ourselves, for 
here's no room yet for boasting of much plant- 
ing of Corn, or any Bread kind, for Sustenance ; 
especially near home; for the ordinan,^ people 
are not easy to be perswaded their time should 
be taken up in clearing Land, W*". they can em- 
ploy to so much more advantage in other Work ; 
Artificers especially; & even common Laborours ^g^j.^*Jj^^° 
alledge the same: a few nevertheless I expect cfea^^and. 
will think it worth their while to be doing some- 
thing on their Land w'^. is already cleared; at 
least wise Sufficient to serve the uses of their 
own Familys; which they see their mistake in 
not doing last Year: there are divers however 
in the out Plantations of 500 Acres, who seem 
much in earnest; having live Stock by them to 
live on; but they are weak handed; which is a 
great Baulk to their doing what they would: 

494 CoLoxiAL Eecords 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

as to myself I bope this Season to see 20 Acres 
well planted at Beulie ; which is only the 2*^ Year 
of my setting down there, and had I been so 
lucky to have had possession of that Lot a Year 
sooner, I think I might without vanity have vied 
with most of my Xeighborus : but now I must 
be contented to see my Seiwants leave me be- 
fore the Summer is over, when their time is 
expired. But I shall say no more of that now, 
having (as I remember) touch 'd upon it in some 
of my former; and imagining that the honour- 
able Trust have 'ere this Time, had the State 
of the Colony, w-^'. I sent in Xov^^ last, under 
Concern- their Deliberation ; I must suppose thev will de- 

ing the Im- 

se^-antT °^ tcrmiue on what they think expedient, concern- 
ing the importation of Servants ; without which, 
'tis plainly impossible to make any wish'd for 
Progress in cultivation of Land. As for their 
own servants (the Germans) 'tis ashame to see 
how little is done by 'em, to answer the great 
expence they have stood them in; whether 'tis 
mostly owing to their not being so closely look'd 
after by their Overseers as they ought (which 
I fear may be one cause) or rather to their Stub- 
born slothfull dispositions under Servitude; is 
hard to determine : but this I repeat as a certain 
Truth, that what time they have to follow their 
own business; no people living employ them- 
selves more diligently: and they are withal so 
parsimonious, that many of them have saved 
Money to purchase several Head of Cattle. 
From whence I have been induced to be of 
Opinion (as yet I am) that if a certain Number 


"Wm. Stephens To 'Sir. Harman Verelst. 


of such as had Familys, were made choice of to 
form a Village, & settle upon it; they would 
soon shew their Freedom to be not ill bestowed 
on them whereas in the way they now are, they 
are a certain dead weight on the Trust, with 
very little benefit accruing by their Labour, to 
Ballance it. 

You'll remember a Boy you sent me more 
than 2 Years since (Tho^ Roberts) w''*' I found, 
from what you wrote me, was a charitable in- 
tention of the Eev^ ^P. Smith, who had a kind Too^ld'with 
opinion of his Parents: whereupon I was also \fce^ °' 
desirous to see the Boy come to some good here ; 
but very soon sorry to discover in him such a 
rooted habit of Vice ; that I feared my endeav- 
ours would prove abortive; &: after several 
Months Tryal what could be done, by all fair 
means to encourage him, in doing well, c^^ by 
proper correction to deter him from "Wicked- 
ness; I saw there were no hopes of reforming 
him under my instruction ; for he grew more & 
more hardened every day in dangerous courses ; 
running away, & being lost, frequently for sev- 
eral days together, theiving &c; till discovered 
& pulled out of his lurking holes (and so far I 
think I wrote you of him) till at lenth being 
quite tired, I put him into the hands of a Master 
who I knew would have a strickt eye over him, 
to try what he might be brought to, remote from 
Ms Comrades, at some Miles distance out of 
Town; but there also he behaved so ill, that he 
was returned to me; after which, I try'd once 
again, & delivered him into the care of another, 


Colonial Records 

"Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

sent to 
goal for 

whose Wife liked to have such an Urchin, that 
would be useful! to her in little Domestick af- 
fairs ; & knowing him to be a ready sensible Boy, 
desired to have him; not doubting but she could 
reform him: & on his first entrance, she now 
Cloathed him very neatly, beyond the ordinary 
way of indented Serv*'., intending to qualify him 
for being a Waiting servant on any person of 
Distinction that had occasion for such: but 
before half a year was expired, notwithstanding 
he could not be in a place of more easy Ser\^ce; 
he fell back to his former courses, & was lost 
for near a fortnight; during all w^\ time he was 
Thieving at Xights, & lajdng close in his hiding 
Holes in the Day time; till at length he was 
taken in entering a Jews House w^^. he did (as 
he had done several others) by creeping under 
the House, and in the Dead of the Xight lifting 
up a Board of the Floor; & so getting in, took 
what he found for his i^urpose, either eatables, 
or such Goods as he thought he could traffick 
with; so that the whole Town was waiting to 
catch him ; and when he was taken, sev". things 
of Value belonging to the Jew (De Lyon) were 
found upon him: whereupon 'twas unavoidable, 
sending him to Goal ; where he has lain 2 or 3 
Months ; during which time no Court has sate, 
with any Grand Jury summoned: but had it 
otherwise happened; I don't see how he could 
have escaped being indicted for Burglary by 
one Jury, & found Guilty by another : and now, 
the Persecutor asquiescing, as well as the Mag- 
istrates conniving, upon beleiving he has smart- 


"Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

ed sufficiently to terrify him from the like agam, 
and I yet desiring myself to make one more ex- 
periment, whether he'll reform or not, I purpose 
to send him to my Plantation at Bewlie; where 
I cant expect from his Stature that he can do 
any thing of weight ; but may be of some use in 
driving Cattle, feeding Swine, Poultry &c, with 
other like employment, not fit for a person well 
grown to follow: and being at such a distance 
from this Town & look'd sharply after (as I 
shall direct his Overseer) to keep him to his 
Duty: I am in some hopes he may by that 
means escape the Gallows, and learn at leng-th 
to get his living Honestly, to his Parents Com- 
fort — But too much of this. 

I cannot so readily banish the thoughts, that 
sit heavy upon me at present concerning what 
we may expect will be the Eesult of those most 
important Deliberations which I conceive have 
taken up some part of the honourable Trustees 
time of late, for the Support of this Colony; 
that has undergone such Miserable compulsions 
during a Year or two past; thro' the poisonous Men who 

•a J? I, r. -. have made 

influence or a sett of men who have made it '^ a point to 
their Business to create misunderstandings & fifg^s^lmong 
Divisions among us, & to decoy all they could t^I ^coSuy^^ 
into other Colonys, whereby they have gone a 
great length in doing the work of the Span- 
iards ; and contributed more to the Destruction 
of the place, than our Enemys have been able 
to do, or (I hope) ever will, with their Swords: 
but what Power their Pistoles may have, if such 
should come among us, who can tell ? an unprej- 


Colonial Records 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

Mr. Jones 
still de- 
tained at 

udiced man that should liapi^en to come here, & 
see what we see, would be apt to make such con- 
junctures as I dare not Name. Add to this, the 
cloudy aspect of what detains ]\P. Jones so long 
hence; which I can yet get no clear knowledge 
of from the south; and you'll easily imagine 
'tis a Life of Jeopardy that I now lead: but 
I hope light will at length Spring out of dark- 
ness; for I thank God I have nothing to fear 
from any consciousness of Guilt arising to dis- 
turb my peace of mind, with regard to my Duty 
to the Trust; who are entitled to the utmost I 
can do, in fulfilling their honours Designs, by 
a due Obedience of their Commands, as far as 
it is in my power. 

You'll be so good to pardon me, after so long 
a Letter, that I make use of another hand to 
transcribe, what I had not confidence to send 
full of Interliniations and Blots, who am 


Your most humble servant 

Will : Stephens. 




P. S. Cap'. Joseph Avery, at present residing 
here, delivering to me a paper of sundry Pro- 
posals (Coppy of which he has sent to the Gen- 
eral) which he has desired me to lay before the 
honorable Trustees, for their perusal; I have 
added it to the other papers contained in this 
Packett, as I promised him I would: but time 
will not permit me to write anything with due 

Correspondence 499 - ^QO 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. llarnia.n Verelst. 

consideration thereon just now; wherefore I 
presume I shall do him no Injury, in deferring 
that till mv next. 

To ]\r. Harman Verelst. 

So I 


Abbot, Mrs., an old widow, who came over with the first people 282 

Abercorn, village of, mentioned 251 

Abercorn, Creek of, farms laid out ou 118 

Abercromby, Mr., Attorney General at Charleston 129 

mentioned 134 ; 368 

letter to Mr. Harman Verelst 151 

Accounts, of the Colony, mentioned 375; 334 

access to denied Mr. Causton 270 

general idea of 285 

Mr. Causton refuses to assist with examination of 333 

of the Kegiment, imperfect 131 

Act relating to the tenure of lands 322 

Adams, Benjamin, letter to the Trustees 361 

created displeasures between Mr. Jones and Col. Stephens 444 

complaints made by 446 

and a Mrs. Penrose, doing business in an underhand 
manner 447. 

Adde, Mr., shoemaker, with his wife and child ordered by Gen- 
eral Oglethorpe to repay his passage to Savannah. .. .464. 

Admii-alty, death of Mr. Luis, Judge of the 224. 

Agents to the Indian country, no pro\-isions made for 250. 

Africa, Kingdom of Angola in, a people from 233. 

Agriculture, improvement in 166. 

Alehouse, at Tybee, an application for the suppression of 242; 

at Carolina, ill consequences of 242. 

Allen, \Vm., an Indian trader, admiiiist ration granted McKenzie 

and Frazier upon estate of 432. 

Altamaha Kiver, mentioned 88. 

Alata Kiver, or St. Matthaeo, mentioned 312; 313; 314. 

Amelia, necessity of keeping up scout boat at 152 ; 

a barbarioua attack made on, by the Spaniards 266; 

plantations made by servants under charge of Hugh Mac- 

kay at 1 "0 ; 

Fort of, Florida Indians killed two men, carried off an- 
other from 281 

attacked by the Spaniards 287 

sad accident at 288 

hopes of repairing the fort at 289 

502 Index 

attacked by the Spaniards. 312; 

mentioned.... 174; 177; 264; 267; 367; 406; 409; 411; 431; 

436; 4S4. 

America, state of religion in -99. 

Amion, ]klr., clerk to the Assembly, dead 216; 

mentioned -■-■^• 

Anderson, Hugh, the supposed author of an insolent letter 17; 

frequently visits Oxtead, Mr. Causton 's home 57 ; 

copy of letter to the Earl of Egmont 93 ; 

mentioned -''^• 

Anderson, Jas., mentioned ' ■*• 

Andrews, IMr. Thos., an Indian trader, preserved the livis of 

French captives ' - ? 

mentioned *3-. 

Angola, Kingdom of, in Africa, a people from 233 ; 

Negroes, assembled together, killing people and burning 

houses ■-^^• 

Anne & Marianne, a ship commanded by Capt. Campbel 3S1. 

Apallatehe Fields, mentioned • 9.5. 

Apellachee, Bay of, mentioned 312. 

Archer, Henry, letter to Mr. Harman Verelst 203. 

Argyle, Fort, Capt. Jas. Maepherson commander of 67; 

Lachlan Mcintosh, keeper of 427 ; 

mentioned -^5 ^33. 

Attorney General, Mr. Abercromby 1-9; 

pacquet from 1^9. 

Augspurg, mentioned -19. 

Augspourguer, Mr., mentioned 1 ' -i- 

Augusta, Settlement at, mentioned 26; lOS; 213; 215; 245; 

429; 432; 442. 

key to all the Indian country lOS ; 

a path cut from Uchee Town to •.• • - —45 ; 

debts due the garrison of -^6 ; 

no provisions made for magistrates and constables of... 250; 

garrison at -52 ; 341 ; 

town settled and fort built by Eoger Lacy • 277 ; 

Fort, a garrison needed at 28 1 ; 

Fort, mentioned 386 ; 460. 

Augustine, mentioned 267 ; 289 ; 312 ; 316 ; 4S3 ; 

a proclamation published at, promising freedom to negro 

slaves -3- 5 

a road through Georgia leading to, called Pons Pons 234; 

Spanish declaration of freedom at 256 ; 

Castle of, information gotten from prisoners in regard to 

strong-hold of 316 ; 

Castle of, mentioned 339 ; 

Index 503 

end of seige of 342; 

General Oj^lethorpe 's near approach to 343; 

an expedition again^st 403; 

hostilities ceased in neighborliood of 409; 

seige of, mentioned 2tJS ; 316 ; 46G. 

Auspuurger, Mr., mentioned 178. 

Austin & Cattell, merchants at Charleston 246. 

Austin, Mr. George, a merchant in CharTes Town, South Carolina, 

396; 403. 

Avery, Capt. Joseph, at present residing in Savannah 498. 

Ayres, Capt., mentioned 280. 

Bailiffs of Savannah, Mr. Fallowfield & Mr. Jones appointed, 

, 294; 331. 

Baillie, Mr. Thos., a smith, mentioned 392; 393; 

letter to the Trustees 360; 

letter to the Trustees 410. 

Baily, (see Baillie). 

Baker & Jenys, mentioned 25-5. 

Barber, Andrew, mentioned 4.56. 

Barkwith, Mr., mentioned 347. 

Barnes, Capt., mentioned 366. 

Barracks, building of 284. 

Bartlets' building. mentione<l 337. 

Bathurst, Mr. Eobert, killed by Angola negroes 233. 

Bayley, Kenneth, mentioned 74. 

Bayly, Mr. Thomas, mentioned 199. 

Beafort, a schooner, Nicholas Legall, master of, goods seized off 364. 

Bedford, Mr., mentioned 301. 

Beer, issuing of 155. 

Bennet, ^Irs., a widow mentioned 132. 

Berlin, mentioned 265. 

Betty, The, Capt. Ragles ' ship 423 ; 440. 

Beulie or Bewlie, name of William Stephens' plantation 494; 

Thos. Roberts sent to 497. 

Bewlie, see Beulie. 

Bienville, ^fonsieir, brother to the Gov. of New Orleans, taken 

prisoner and burned by the Indians' 72. 

Binon, (or Bynon), Lewis, an Indian trader, tried for debt due 

Kenneth i^iIcKenzie 432. 

Boat Express, hired 488. 

Bolstius, Boltzius (see Bolzius). 

Bolzius. Rev, Mr. Jno. ^Martin, of Ebenezer, mentioned. . .28; 63; 73; 

82; 173; 263; 264; 382; 

504 Index 

letter to Mr. Verelst 118 ; 

extract of letter from Mr. H. Newnian 135 ; 

letter to Mr. Harnian Yerelst 159 ; 

letter from 180 ; 

letter to the Trustees 219 ; 

In regard to servants 291 ; 

letter to Mr. Henry Newman 296 ; 

house convenient for ministry of 29S ; 

money collected for the building of a church paid to.... 299; 

letter from General Oglethorpe. 337; 

letter from General Oglethorpe 338 ; 

letter presumably to Mr. Harman Verelst 369 ; 

letter to Mrs. Harman Verelst 419 ; 

letter to Mr. Harman Verelst 463 ; 

Bolzius, Bishop, instructor of the English tongue 162. 

Boston, mentioned 210. 

Bovey, Mrs., mentioned 23. 

Bowler, Charles, mentioned 146. 

Bowles, Capt., Captain of the "Prince Galley" 189. 

Bradley, Mr. Wm., mentioned 33; 41; 52; 70; 193; 194; 322; 

393; 408; 

reconciled with Fallowfield, Parker and Causton 18; 

examination of demands 51 ; 

insults offered by 53 ; 

construction of houses by 83 ; 

provisions for, mentioned 89 ; 

affairs, mentioned 138 ; 

in charge of servants at Savannah 169 ; 

dangerously ill 187 ; 

sarcastically refeiTed to as an eminent aceomptant 3S7; 

accounts of, mentioned 3S9 ; 

produced account, demands on the Trustees 390; 

matters relating to conduct of . . 391 ; 

Trustees' cattle sold by 392; 

orders given for the reparation of the great house built by 463. 

Bramston, Mr., a member of Parliament 383. 

Bricks, made by Mr. Bradley 's' son 53. 

Briston or Bristoll, mentioned 205 ; 467. 

Britain, mentioned .99; 124. 

British manufacture, exchanged for wines 92. 

British servants, mentioned 98. 

Brixe, Capt., Henry, a mariner on the ship "Unity" 199; 

hanged for the iiiurder of Hugh Watson 201. 

Broadie, ^Mr. Jno., mentioned 20 ; 

servants of, mentioned 63 ; 

credit given 73. 

Index - 505 

Brooks, Mr., meutioned ^^ ' 

letter to the Earl of Egmont '^' 

at Dr. Burton 's, in York "'^• 

Brookstreet, unfortunate chymist of. :SIr. Henry Garret 399. 

Brown, Samuel, an Indian trader, mentioned 406; 40< ; 

in debt to Capt. Thompson ^'^•'5 ; 

indicted for misdemeanor 434. 

Brownfield, Mr. Jno., mentioned 56 ; 150 ; 155 ; 

demands' made on the Trustees by 16 ; 

charged with fraudulent and base actions 1"; 

balance of account enlarged 5o ; 

letter to the Trustees --" 5 

letter to the Trustees ^1- ! 

sister of, married John Pye 325 ; 

appointed registrar "^28 ; 

brother-in-law of John Pye ^65 ; 

chosen as arbitrator in ease 433; 

resigned as registrar * ' 1- 

Ball, Colo., Lieut Gov. of South Carolina, mentioned 215; 216; 

pursued by negroes during the insurrection 234. 

Bullock, Mr., made escape from negroes but his house was burned 234. 

B'urnside, Mr., given a loan to buy cattle 248. 

Burnside, Jas., chosen as arbitrator in a case. . . .- 433. 

Burrish, Capt., the departure of mentioned 267. 

Burton, Dr., in York, mentione<i 39 ; 78 

Bush, Edward, given permission to will property to daughter. . .158. 
Bynon, (see Binon). 

Cabot, Capt., captain of the ship "Free Briton," mentioned, 

319; 381; 423; 440. 

Calwell, Henry, mentioned 1 '4. 

Calwell, .John, letter to Mr. Harman Verelst 174. 

Campbel, Capt., captain of the ship "Anne & Marianne," men- 
tioned 381; 426; 440. 

Camus, 'S\t. .Tas. Louis, the silk winder, mentioned. .. .178; 246; 336; 

letter to the Trustees 335. 

Camus, ilrs., part of wine cellar wanted by, to preserve silk 

worms in 194 ; 

Trustees' orders relating to 492. 

Cantabria, mentione<I 317. 

Carolina, Government of, Col. Horsey 's claims on 46; 

currency, mentioned 73 ; 

servants of Mr. Anderson deserted to 101 ; 

many gone from Georgia to 139 ; 

506 Index 

welfare of, depenrls on Gen. Oglethorpe's meeting with 

the Indians 166 ; 

felons, runaway servants, outlaws and slaves molesting and 

thieving in 169 

traders, mentioned 179 

Lewis Jones escaped to 200 

misunderstanding between the Creek Indians and traders 

of 208 

Liuet. Governor of, mentioned 210 

exhorbitant sale of rum to the Indians at 226 

insurrection of negroes of, mentioned 231 

Spaniards strolling about, on pretense 233 

discontent of the Cherokees aud Creeks against the people 

of 242; 

rum sold to the Indians by traders 247 ; 

traders of, called by the Indians the destroyers of their 

nation 24S 

Indians of, attacked by the French 267 

evil example of the people of, infectious 392 

troops of, mentioned 446 

a discussion in regard to lands in 450 

mentioned ....88; 126; 139; 211; 241; 242; 268; 277; 288 
289; 313; 316; 36S; 379; 382; 383; 386; 390; 472; 477. 

Carpenter, Rt. Hon. George Lord, ignorant of treatment given 

imhappy subjects in Georgia 394 ; 

letter from Henry Garret 398. 

Carpenter and shoemaker, the arrival of, at Ebenezer 159. 

Carteret, Mr., mentioned 283. 

Castor, Lincolnshire, mentioned 349; 350. 

Catalonia, mentioned 317. 

CatteU and Austin, at Charles Town 246. 

Cattle, the Trustees ', mentioned 101; 169; 170; 193; 

hunters, employed aud mentioned 171; 245. 

Causton, Mr. Thomas, offers indignities to Mr. Wm. Stephens.. 7; 

at last contrived cash account 15 ; 

accused of falsehood IT ; 

corrupting the minds of people 18 ; 

refused corn, by Mr. Jones 18; 

suspected of an effort to abscond 19 ; 

letter to the Trustees 20 ; 

provisions taken by oO J 

suspected of trying to convey accompt, books away from 

Mr. Jones 51 ; 

overcharged for provisions 52 ; 

Given access to accompt. books by Gen. Oglethorpe 54; 

a list of debts owed to persons in Colony delivered by. . . . 55; 

Index 507 

prevented from leaving the Colony 58 

letter to the Trustees 59 

neglect of, cause of disorder in affairs 81 

threats made by, to apply to Parliament for satisfaction. . 82 

refused access to accounts 87 

no account of live-stock given by 88 

letter to :Mr. Harnian Verelst 122 

defiance shown to Mr. Jones 123 

preparing accounts 126 

reported trying to leave the Colony 127 

accounts of, manifest frauds and forgeries 128 

not on good terms with Mr. Jones 138 

Mr. Parker 's good opinion of 141 

in charge of servants at Savannah 169 

has confidence of Col. Stephens 192 

made personal profit on linen bought by the Trustees. .. .221 

differences arising in accounts of 254 

■will not assist with examination of accounts 333 

borrowed all of Benj. Adams ' money 361 

letter to the Trustees 270 

relative to cash account book 374 

complains of being ill-used 375 

accounts of 375 

accounts of, being examined 377 

under great difficulties 378 

allowances made by the Trustees to 379 

extracts from accounts of 380 

sarcastically referred to, as an eminent aceomptant 387 

chief bailif 399 

issued goods' from store, making a personal profit 420 

mentioned 16, 27; 28; 41; 43; 44; 49; 56; 57; 86; 108^ 

111; 112; 123; 129; 130; 131; 132; 155; 172; 190; 193 

196; 220; 238; 255; 292; 327; 334; 336; 354; 357; 358 

362; 370; 376; 378; 390; 401; 408; 431; 481 

Chactaw Indians, thirty-six, guests of the Colony 79 

mentioned 87 

Chancery, A, necessary 173 

Chappel, A, being built at Frederica 170 

mentioned 283 

Charity Schools, mentioned 301 

Charles Town, expense of maintaining people in 151 

Pettiager from 192 

much sickness in 218 

Mr. Whitaker, a lawyer in 223 

a ship from London to 224 

negroes attempting to escape, hanged 233; 

508 Index 

plagued with rum fever 253 

a journey taken by Gen. Oglethorpe in an open boat to. .2S6 

Mr. Geo Austin, a merchant from 396 

some hundred houses burned to the ground at 454 

mentioned 46; 58; 91; 109; 113; 123; 126; 129; 146 

159; 189; 192; 208; 213; 223; 246; 247; 253; 257; 266 
268; 269; 280; 303; 323; 324; 327; 344; 365; 370; 3S1 

405; 423; 428; 454; 4S7; 491. 
Charles, The, one of the transport ships, commanded by Capt. 

Stuart or Stewart, mentioned 18 ; 57. 

Chaundlers, for retailing provisions appointed 444. 

Cherokee Indians, Gen Oglethorpe making preparations to have 

a talk with 215 

helping Gen. Oglethorpe to fight the Spaniards 21S 

discontent sho-\\ii the people of South Carolina by 242 

an intelligencer needed by 243 

corn given to 247 

destroyed by rum and small pox 247 

an agent or intelligencer kept for the nation of 253 

a false report that five English traders had been killed by 429; 

mentioned 27; 287; 405; 406. 

Chickasaw Indians, French prisoners taken by, in battle 71 

mentioned 287 ; 314 

Chicketo, Fort, mentioned 313 

Chief Justice, ill, expected to die 225 

China, made by Andrew IXiche, the potter at Savannah 291 

Chinery, Nicholas, tried for debt due Eobt. Vaughan iZo 

Christie, Thos., or Christy, trust reposed in 57 

a magistrate 197 

letter to the Trustees 198 

Mr. Loyer granted permit to leave the Colony by 240 

a recorder 253 

Mr. Williams appointed to succeed as recorder 26S 

letter to the Trustees 278 

ill 279 

a family of serv^ants delivered to 290 

disapproved as magistrate 296 

a paequet from 304 

letter to the Trustees 310 

appointed first bailif in place of Henry Parker 310 

commission refused to .311 

prone to falsehood and dissimulation 327 

obliged people to enter into bonds .332 

appointment as first bailiff held up by Mr. Jones 479 

not allowed to read letter from the Trustees in public 
court 4S0 ; 

Index 509 

mentioned 129; 195; 196; 239; 274; 276; 295; 307; 

309; 327; 331; 375; 410; 428; 431; 481. 
Church, the building of, mentioned 359 ; 

expenditures for the building of 420; 

collection taken to build 421 ; 

foundation not yet laid for, at Savannah 482; 

of England, funds for supporting, mentioned 14 ; 

mentioned 321 ; 396. 

Civil Government, mentioned 282. 

Clark, Ann, Mr. Whitefield chosen as magistrate by 473. 

Clark, Henry, (deceased), mentioned 327; 473. 

Clarke, Mr., of East Barkwith in Lincolnshire, Letter from.... 346. 

Clarke, George, mentioned 347 ; 348. 

Clay, Mr., of Carolina, mentioned 88. 

Clerks, to the Trustees, mentioned 31 ; 171 ; 285 ; 

incomplete accounts caused by lack of 60 ; 

incapacity of, mentioned 70 ; 

Wm. Ewin, Saml. Hurst, John Tye, Wm. Russell, Adrian 

Seyer & Jas. Houston 128. 

Clerk to the Assemblie, Mr. Amion, death of 224. 

Cobley, Jemitt, owner of the sloop ' * Unity " 207. 

Cochran, Lieut. Col., mentioned 112; 131; 132; 193; 240; 

arrival of with detachment of regiment. 167; 

uses ]\[r. Stephens as factor to dispose of wines 192.. 

Cockspur, mentioned 19. 

Colliton, Peter, mentioned 467. 

Colonies, Northern, mentioned 242. 

Colonist, the seven, the arrival of in Georgia 262. 

Colony of Georgia, supplied with seed for planting 5; 

servants, mentioned 10 ; 

necessary expenses mentioned 23 ; 

surprised over conditions 25 ; 

as to the general support of 30 ; 

addition of servants to 30 ; 

the welfare and safety of mentioned 32 ; 

secretary to the, men!ioned 35; 

state of affairs in 40 ; 

population largely increased 42 ; 

a list of debts owing to persons in 55 ; 

Mr. Causton prevented from leaving 58 ; 

in regard to the affairs of 58 ; 

expenses of, mentioned 59 ; 

Mr. Causton 's designs to promote the welfare of 65; 

necessary expenses 68 ; 

Mr. Causton uses own money on the 70 ; 

Italian silk winder left because discontented 75; 

510 Index 

things material in establishment of ''6 

a contribution of cloth, hose and wheat to the 77 

Chactaw Indians, guests of '^^ 

melancholy condition of ^0 

expenses to the Trustees, mentioned S2 

climate of, very healthful 8-* 

Unable to give an agreeable account of 85 

Madera wines for "1 

Composed of two sets of people 96 

manufacture of silk and wine in 104 

the effect of dissolving the, mentioned 105 

found by the Saltzburgers to be very fruitful 120 

liberty to sell land wanted 121 

Mr. Causton reported trying to leave 127 

many left for Carolina, from 13 / 

children of, being taught English 161 

resolutions preserving and covering the trade of North 

Carolina ^62 

sum granted by Parliament sufficient to pay debts of 164 

increase of population 166 

Trustees' endeavors necessary for protection of 169 

original constitution of 190 

inconvenience in employing negro servants... 1&3., 

malicious reflections' cast upon 202 

tenure of lands in 205 

relating to the preservation of 211 

a list showing the present state of 213 

appointments to be made in 21 1 

Affairs of much mended 21S 

the state of the 218 

in much better condition than for two years 227 

no boats or passengers allowed to leave without permis- 
sion 240 

silk industry a very great improvement 250 

inadequate amount for the support of 251 

expenses of, mentioned 270 

money due Mr. Hetherington on account of Mr. Eoger 

Lacy, deceased, from the 277 

forts buUt, etc 277 

Trustees ' orders not obeyed in the 278 

expenses necessary for the preserving of 287 

a periagua fitted out with four guns for the 288 

Mr. Fallowfield, a constable and a very active inhabit- 
ant of 291 

Mr. Whitefield doing good in the 298 

the spiritual state of the 343 

Index 511 

northern and southern parts of, mentioned 343 

orphan-house a great service to the 351 

a cargo of molasses' and sugar purchased for 356 

arbitrary power allowed in, a drawback 373 

accounts of, mentioned 3/o 

large sums of money advanced for the service of 377 

expenses necessary for support and defence of 379 

the state of the 387 

a paper entitled ''the Answer of the Trustees for estab- 
lishing" in America 411 

hampered by present constitutions 411 

dismal poverty, absolute oppression cause of complaint in 412 

situation in which placed 413 

methods of corruption practised in 415 

the real situation in the 416 

conditions in 418 

relating to the true state of the Colony 423 

Mr. Andrew Duche and Mr. Fallov,field scheming to keep 

in distress 428 

persons leaving without paying debts 429 

present state of, under seal of the town court , .442 

state of, misrepresented 450 

expenses of southern part of, mentioned 460 

in need of a surveyor 471 

in very bad condition 477 

tyranny in the 478 

the arbitrary government of the 479 

Capt. Thomson, a bearer to, from the Trustees 492 

some making a point to create misunderstandings among 

the people of 497 

mentioned 11; 14; 21; 22; 28; 31; 33; 34; 48; 50 

53; 61; 69; 81; 92; 101; 110; 125; 147; 153; 173; 182 
241; 249; 254; 256; 264; 265; 285; 286; 288; 293; 309 
315; 336; 338; 356; 357; 358; 359; 361; 362; 368; 369 
370; 371; 374; 391; 404; 410; 412; 414; 461; 465; 473 

479; 489; 494. 

Common Council, mentioned 20 ; 204 

Connecticut, mentioned 210 ; 

Constables of Georgia, ordered to seize all negroes 236; 

of Augusta, no provision made for 250. 

Constable of Colony, Mr. Fallowfield 291, 

Constable and Magistrate, necessary 342 ; 

election of 449. 

Constitution, original of the Colony 189; 

new, mentioned 386. 

Cooksey, Mr., minutes on petition 154. 

512 Index 

Cooper, Mary, mentioned 66. 

Cooper, Joseph, concerning widow of 327. 

Copper, sent over for change, disposed of by Mr. Jones 482. 

Corn mill, being built by the Saltzburgers 420 ; 

finislied 464; 

gone to destruction 482. 

Correspondent clerk, needed 243. 

Corson, Kobt., indicted for misdemeanor 434. 

Cotton manufacture, mentioned 351. 

Court House, mentioned 352 ; 

unfinished 353 ; 

and church, mentioned 470. 

Court of Doctors Commons, necessary 173 ; 

Courtney, Phillip and Anne, recommended by Lord Egmont, credit 

given ." 282. 

Cowes, mentioned 21. 

Cowetas, chief town of the Creek Indians, mentioned 214; 434. 

Cow Pen, at Ebenezer, m.entioned 2S. 

Cox, Mr., concerning widow of 327. 

Cozens, Henry, a mariner on the ship ' ' Unity " 199 ; 

indicted for the murder of Hugh Watson 200; 

hanged 201. 

Credit, given for servants, not approved of 20; 

demanded by Capt. ilacpherson, commander of the gar- 
rison 67 ; 

taken for servants 73 ; 

given Mr. Broadie and ^Ir. Upton 73 ; 

want of, a drawback 102 : 

given storekeeper 282 ; 

German servants delivered on 290 ; 

asked by Mr. Bolzius 422 : 

mentioned 21 ; 24 ; 128 ; 174. 

Creek Indians, the Spaniards and French busy among 6S ; 

Gen. Oglethorpe's arrival from the nation of 208; 

declared rights' to possession of lands as far as St. John's 
Eiver 208 ; 

letter from unknown writer in regard to treaty with.... 214; 

helping Gen. Oglethorpe fight the Spaniards 218; 

discontent shown the Carolina people by 242 ; 

an intelligencer needed in the nation 243 ; 

an agent or intelligencer kept for the nation 253; 

Mr. Jacob Mathews ' wife, a 428 ; 

mentioned 216; 287; 312; 313; 315; 427; 434. 

Cressy, Slingsby, referred to as a bad man 399. 

Critchley, Mr., threatened Mr. Jones ' life 88. 

Crops, better ones expected 143. 

Index 513 

Crosse, Jno., Junior, letter to Gea Oglethorpe 91. 

Crosse, William, brother to Jno. Crosse, Junior Consul 92. 

CrosthAvaite, Capt., mentioned 440. 

Cudulur, in East India, missionaries of, mentioned 370. 

Cumberland, mentioned 152. 

Custobader, Catharina, an old widow ordered to the orphan-house 

by Gen. Oglethorpe 464. 

Cuthbert, Capt., cut path from Augusta to Uchee Town with 

assistance of cattle hunters 245. 


Darien, New Inverness in 12 ; 

people of, mentioned Ill ; 

Mr. Mcintosh in charge of servants at 169; 

people of, most industrious 251 ; 

four Scotch orphans found at 358 ; 

representation of the people of 412 ; 

mentioned 20; 283; 386; 413. 

Davis, Capt. Caleb, owner of the sloop "Unity" 207; 

negroe slaves belonging to, escaped and received at Au- 
gustine 232 ; 

a ship belonging to, arrived with molasses 246 ; 

William Pope tried to ?ell King's nails to 276; 

mentioned 274 ; 304 ; 387. 

Davison, Samuel, letter to Mr. Verelst 353; 

constable and searcher 354. 

Debts, a list of, owing to persons in Colony 55; 

land taken for 178 ; 

due to the garrison at Augusta 246 ; 

due the store 248 ; 

labor in payment of 284 ; 

an order relating to the issuing of warrants or action for 331 ; 

public 323 ; 326 ; 

due the Trustees, difficult to secure 429; 

mentioned 249 ; 406. 

Dedicot, Mr., imprisoned for debt, set free by Mr. .Tones' order. .450. 

DeLyoD, the Jew, goods stolen from by Thos. Roberts 496. 

Dent, Commodore, message from, in regard to the Spaniards.... 25. 

Demere, Lieut., mentioned 232. 

De Plotto, the King '^ Minister 265. 

Desbrisay, Capt., with party of regiment sent out on Xew Year's 

day 314. 

Dorobernia, Capt. McCrae 's ship 491. 

Douglass, David, letter to the Trustees 360 ; 

letter to the Trustees 410. 

514 Index 

Drevrett & Norris, of London, mentioned 221; 3.1. 

Dxiche, Andrew, the potter, at Savannah, china made by 291; 

scheming to keep the Colony in distress 42S; 

a constable, fined for non-appearance in court 433; 

continually scheming mischief ^"^^^ 

opposed to Col. Stephens' paper entitled "The Present 

State of Georgia " *'*^ 5 

makes statements in regard to Trustees' duty in the 

Colony 4-51' 

next in po^er to the Magistrate 462 ; 

demand on Col. Stephens for seal, refused 463; 

mentioned 400; 429; 450. 

Duchee, (see Duche). 

Ducie, Sir Eobt., father of Theodosia Ihicie 393. 

Ducie, Theodosia, daughter of Sir Robt. Ducie, sister to Lord 

Mathew Ducie 's mother, Henry Garret 's mother 393. 

Ducie, Lord, letter from Henry Garret, given to the Trustees to 

consider ^^^ 

Duke of Richmond, mentioned * ' - 

Dunbar, George, letter to Mr. Harman Verelst 216 

letter from • - ■ • — "* 

Dunbar, Lieut., dispatched to arrest Samuel Hurst 129 

at St. Simons ^-^^ 

sent to destroy Spanish boats 313 

with party of regiment, sent out on New Year's day 314 

Dutch Governors, mentioned '^^^ 

servants, mentioned ^'-^ 

families, mentioned 3o8 

servants employed to culture land 456 

families brought over for servants 464 

servants, marriage of three girls 464, 


East Barkvrith in Lincolnshire, mentioned 340 

Ebenezer, cow pen at, mentioned -■--. 28; 1/1 

Rev. Mr. Bolzius from, mentioned 82 

people of mentioned °" 

in regard to land at ^-^ 

the arrival of Sauftleben, the carpenter to 159 

a premium given to encourage planters 248 

no provision for tything men at —^1 

affairs of ^64 


orphan-house at -^ 

church being built at 298 

happy state of affairs in ^ 463 

Index 515 

saw mil] at, gone to ruin 482 ; 

mentioned 2S; 120; 232; 262; 263. 

Edinburgh, mentioned 12. 

Egger, Margaretha, from Augspurg, married the shoemaker 

Ulict a fortnight before his death 219 

Egmont, Rt. Hon. Earl of, letter from ilr. Brooks 76 

copy of letter from Hugh Anderson 93 

a plank sawed for 304 

ignorant of treatment given unhappy subjects in Geogia. .394 
mentioned 63 ; 282 ; 343 ; 475 

Ellis, Mr. Robt., mentioned 67 ; 68 

Mr. Causton accused of being the factor of 72 

accounts of examined 383 

the gailer, a license granted to, to keep a public house. ..483. 

Elsey, Mr., indicted for the beating, etc., of Wra. Atchison, Fin- 
ley and Thos. Wiggins 434. 

Emery, Peter, unqualified as pilot 322 

Emigrants, transit of, mentioned 106 ; 107 

England, Church of, funds for support of 14 

a request to return to 39 

books of accounts and vouchers sent to 126 

Mr. Williams leaving for 140 

Mr. Stephens ' son preparing for voyage to 158 

Mr. Thos. Stephens leaving for 192 

no news f rqm 328 

law of, mentioned 340 

no ships arrived from 273 

no letters from 381 

iron, nails, etc., bought from 420 

mentioned 13; 16; 23; 31; 34; 37; 41; 65; 69; 72; 77 

77; 96; 114; 127; 128; 173; 192; 213; 224; 246; 247 
264; 277; 280; 303; 3.59; 360; 467; 473 

English, Indians friendly towards 79 

tongue, children being instructed in 161 

arms, mentioned 242 

Colonies, a good map of, wanted 264 

not as good planters as the Germans 293 

a false report that Indians had threatened the 428 

traders, mentioned 429 

mentioned 267 

Espaniola, mentioned 356 

Esturias, mentioned 317 

Europe, Gen. Oglethorpe 's arrival from 325 

benefactions sent to the Colonies from 370 

mentioned 414; 458 

Europian People, mentioned 121 

516 Index 

Eustatia, mentioned 57. 

Eveleigh, Samuel, mentioned 91- 

Ewen, William, Mr. Causton's servant mentioned 86; 389; 

a clerk who also had charge of the store, absconded at 
night 128 

a warrant issued for 129 

letter to the Trustees 455 

a planter on the Island of Skidowa for three years 455f 

sold boards and shingles off of own house to get clothing 457 ; 

obliged to leave settlement on the Island of Skidowa 458. 

Expenses of the Colony, for clothing servants 5 ; 

increase of mentioned -8 ; 

for the Western Eoad 28 ; 

very large in Georgia 99 ; 

of maintaining people in Charleston , 151; 

governmental 218 ; 

pertaining to journey to the Indian Nation 244; 

no increase in 249 ; 

several others that are necessary 251 ; 

an abstract of 270 ; 

insufficient funds a certain destruction to the Colony 2S9; 

necessary for the support and defence of 379 ; 

of the southern part of 460 ; 

mentioned 59; 6S; 165; 24^; 282; 287; 404; 410. 

Eyre. Mr. Thomas, at St. Simons 158. 

Eyre, Mr., mentioned 346. 

Eyre, Robert, a bos directed to 408. 

Eyres, Mr., sent as agent to the Indians in Georgia 242. 

Fallowfield, Mr. John, reconciled with Mr. Parker, Mr. Bradley, 

and Mr. Causton 18 

a naval officer 58 

letter to the Trustees 207 

a sworn bailiff 279 

constable of the Colony, a veiy active inhabitant 291 

letter to the Trustees 294 

obliged people to enter into bonds 332 

copy of letter to the Trustees 364 

scheming to keep the Colony in distress 428 

spreads a false report 429 

letter to the Trustees 461 

continually scheming some mischief 443 

opposed to ^Ir. Stephens' paper entitled "The Present 
State of Georgia " 448 ; 

Index 517 

letter to the Trustees 476; 

letter from, with copy of Lavrreuce Rice's affidavit 484; 

mentioned 307; 331; 402; 406; 429. 

Fanshaw, Capt., mentioned 267. 

Fennell, Capt., mentioned 192. 

Finley, \Vm. Atchison, beaten and imprisoned by Knowles, Ma- 
thews, Smith and Elsey 434. 

Fitzwater, Joseph, mentioned 132 ; 432. 

Flax and Hemp, the growing of suggested 36; 

mentioned 76. 

Florida, Indians of, killed two men at Fort Amelia and carried 

off another 281 ; 

mentioned 28S; 312; 317; 431. 

Flower, Jos. Edward, owner of the schooner "Beafort" 364. 

Flower & Woodward, letter to the Trustees 355. 

Fort Amelia, two men killed by Florida Indians at 281. 

Fort Argyle, Capt. Jas. Macpherson, commander of 67. 

Fort Augusta, Gen. Oglethorpe 's arrival at 214 ; 

Gen. Oglethorpe met by deputies from the Indians at 247; 

a garrison needed at 287. 

Forts, ruined 288. 

France, war with, mentioned 303. 

Francke, Prof., a minister educated under, wanted for Fred- 
erica 337 ; 338. 

Francois, Cape, a place belonging to the French upon high 

Espaniola 356 

Frankfort, mentioned 262 

Frazier, Mr., mentioned 406 

Frazier &: McKenzie, storekeepers at Augusta 406. 

Frederica, notices affixed on doors of stores 49 

people of, mentioned Ill 

magistrates of, mentioned 165 

chappel being built at 170 

fortified 268; 288 

Mr. Perkins, magistrate of 292 

relating to a missionary for 337 

a minister wanted for 338 

Capt. Thomson detained at 352 

Mr. Stephens 's return from 427 

Gen. Oglethorpe at 444 

pomegranates and olives growing in yard of Mr. Hawkins 

at 453 

continuance of Mr, Jones at, excites uneasiness 488 

Mr. Jones still detained at 498 

mentioned 19; 155; 186; 192; 231; 251; 289; 303; 306 

322; 323; 334; 358; 373; 381; 409; 424; 446; 460; 461 

518 Index 

Free Briton, Capt. Cabot's ship, mentioned 319; 3S1; 420; 440. 

Freedom, declaration of, bv the Spaniards at Augustine 2.jt3 

Freeholders, mentioned If,.-. 

a list of, of Savannah 42 ; 

of Highgate, mentioned 39i'. 

French, busy among the Indians 6S ; 

prisoners taken at a battle by the Chickesaw Indiana 71 ; 

stirring up Indians against the English 166 ; 

endeavoring to raise disturbances among the Inilians 179; 

asked for assistance bj the Indians 247 ; 

attacked Carolina Indians 267 • 

mentioned 95 ; 336. 

Funds, for building a church 13 • 

for religious uses, mentioned 14 • 

for peopling the Colony, mentioned 14. 

Furzer, Mr. Chet-nynd, midshipman of the ship "The Ilawke' '. .2S0. 


Galatia, Capt. Gibbs ' ship, mentioned 381. 

Gaoler, Mr. EUis, the, a licence granted to by r^Ir. Jones to keep 

a public house 483. 

Gardner, John, an Indian trader, indicted for slandering the 

wife of Thos. "Wattle 434. 

Garret, Henry, letter to Lord Dueie, given to the Trustees to 

consider 393 • 

formerly commissioned, both in the civil and military ser- 
vice in East India, now employed by Trustees to audit 

orphans ' accounts 394 

seeking office as magistrate 396 

letter to the Trustees 397 

letter to the Et. Hon. George Lord Carpenter 39S 

dubs himself "the unfortunate chymist of Brookstreet" 399 
compelled to apologize to :\[r. Parker or be confined to 
the log-house 401. 

Garrison at Fort Augusta, The, mentioned 246 ; 252 ; 287. 

Gascoighn, Capt.. mentioned 224. 

Georgia, the establishment of a Presbyterian Church in 14; 

encouraging the poor to go over to 3.5 ; 

afflicted situation of 93 ; 

deplorable condition of the inhabitants in 94; 

the nature of the soil 97 ; 

heat and cUmate of 99 • 

expense of maintenance great 99 ; 

neighboring Colonies enjoy greater advantages 102; 

mentioned in regard to another transport of Saltzburgers 120; 

Il^^DEX 519 

scout boats, mentioned 153 ; 

short sketch of present situation 157 ; 

resolutions preserving the Colony and covering the trade 

of North xVmeriea 163 ; 

welfare of, depends on Gen. Oglethorpe's meeting with 

the Indians IGG 

means of defence, mentioned 167 

taxes not levied in 168 

in regard to lands 205 

tenure of lands in 205 

resolutions relating to grants of land in 206 

appointments to be made in 217 

climate of, very healthful 218 

people of, in good health 225 

Spaniards committed to jail on suspicion. 233 

road by name of Pons Pons spoken of 234 

constables of, ordered to seize all negroes 236 

Mr. Eyres sent as agent to the Indians 242 

traders, mentioned 247 

very healthful climate in 253 

the arrival of the seven colonist in 262 

servants delivered to persons' in 290 

the arrival of the Eev. Mr. Whitefield to 297 

Mr. William ATetcalf accepts position as missionary to... 346 

cargo of molasses and sugar purchased for 356 

affairs not so encouraging in 374 

ingratitude, etc., in 391 

poverty and oppression in 394 

a paper entitled "the Answer of the Trustees for Estab- 
lishing the Colony of, in America " 411 

the real situation in the Colony of 416 

schemes practised on the perishing inhabitants of 418 

present state of 437 

present state of under seal of town court 442 

a paper entitled "The Present State of" 448 

a discussion in regard to land in 450 

Mr. William Ewen, a planter on the Island Skidoway for 

three years 455 ; 

splendid future of, predicted 490 ; 

mentioned 13; 37; 91; 162; 172; 202; 210; 214; 232; 

256; 264; 265; 280; 313; 347; 349; 35<j; 357; 368; 372; 

373; 386; 410; 414; 433. 

Gerald, John, letter to Mr. Harman Verelst 134. 

Germans, mentioned 2S6 ; 

better planters than the English 293. 

520 Index 

German Butcher, A, from Purysburgh, supplied the town of Sa- 
vannah -nith meat 447. 

German Servants, brou<Tht over and kept by ilr. Caustun 21; 

good masters but bad servants 150 ; 

mentioned 2So ; 445 ; 

delivered on credit 290 ; 

of very little service 494. 

Germany, mentioned 107 ; 120 ; 292 ; 338. 

Gibbs, Mr., killed by the Angola Negroes 233. 

Gibbs, Capt., captain of the "Galatia" 3S1. 

Gibbs, Isaac, tried for receiving stolen goods 432 ; 

mentioned 433. 

Gilbert, Mr., refused to grant -warrant against Mr. Jones 237. 

Glinn, Mr., mentioned 134. 

Governor of St Augustine, a proclamation in regard to the free- 
dom of slaves 134 

of New Orleans, mentioned 72. 

of Carolina, Col. Horsey 's claims on 46. 

Godfrey, Mr., kifled by the Angola Negroes, also his daughter 

and son were killed 233. 

Graham, Patrick, a man of value to the Colony in attending the 

sick 64 

the apothecary, mentioned 132 

Grant, Patrick, a relative of Sir James Grant, appointed naval 

officer and searcher 165; 179 

letter to the Trustees 177 

Grant, Capt., commander of the sloop " Savannah " 372 

Grant. Androv,-, relating to the orphan-house 340 

letter to the Trustees 361 

letter to the Trustees 410 , 

chosen as arbitrator in case 433 

Grant, Sir James, a relative of Patrick Grant 165 

Gray, Capt., mentioned 314 

Great Britain, mention 92 

Spaniards at peace with 232 

Great House, The, commonly called the Town House 470 

Gregory, Capt., captain of the ship "Susannah" 439 

Gronau, Eev. Israel Christian, kindness shown by the Trustees. .159 

teaching the children of the Colony 161 

letter to Mr. Hdrman Verelst 175 

cost of house 181 

letter presumably to Mr. Harman Verelst 3G9 

mentioned 173 ; 183 ; 222 ; 422 

Gueldres, complaints by the inhabitants of, and towns along the 

Mense, in regard to emigrants 106. 

Index 521 

Haarman, Capt., mentioned l"^"^ > 

Habersham, ^Fr., taken up 500 acres of land -'^^O ; 

a payment towards having the church built, made by 492. 

Haekny School, the revival of '^^^• 

Hales, Eev. ilr., of Tuddington, near Ilanipton Court in Surrey, 

letter from 3^6 ; 

yir. Metcalf recommended by 348 ; 

mentioned o-iy. 

Hamerton, Mr., mentioned 257 ; o03 ; 

letter to Mr. Harman Verelst 368 ; 

draws a bill on ^Ir. Saxby 492. 

Hampstead, mentioned '-^^• 

Hampton Court in Surrey, mentioned 346. 

Haramond, Capt., mentioned 19- 5 381. 

Harramond, (see Haramond). 

Harris, Mr., a clerk in. the store 57; 486; 

a covenant servant to Thos. Jones 485. 

Harris, the widow, servants of, paid for 291. 

Havanna, a great force of men and vessels from, mentioned. ... 30; 

mentioned 1^2. 

Hawke, The, a ship, Capt. Xevinson, captain of 280. 

Hawkins, Dr., mentioned 324; 460; 

appointed Mr. Shats, a Gennan Trust servant, as overseer 
of servants 353 ; 

surgeon of the regiment kept close to duty 387 ; 

has two hedges of pomegranates and olives growing at 
Frederica 453 ; 

demands payment of half year 's salary 459; 

paid for servants 292. 

Heathcote, Sir William, letter to :Mr. Harman Verelst 205. 

Hedges for fencing 453. 

Hemp and Flax, growing of, mentioned 36; 76. 

Henriek, Peter,- wife of, died soon after arrival 464. 

Heron, Capt., sent to Charles Town to solicit assistance for the 

siege of Augustine 316. 

Hethering, Mr. Theophilus. letter from, with copy of Wm. 
Smith's affidavit relating to the purchase of the 
Bang 's stores 273 ; 

letter to the Trustees 275 ; 

married widow of Roger Laoey 277 ; 

foreman of the grand jury 279 ; 

prone to falsehood and dissimulation 327. 

Hewitt, Capt., James, mentioned 21; 30; 73; 146; 314. 

Hext, Col., his house burned and his overseer and wife killed by 

negroes 234. 

522 Index 

Highgate, mentioned -31 ; 

freeholders of, mentioned 39:.'. 

Highlanders, mentioned 267. 

Highland Servants, taught to row 2SS ; 

language, mentioned 2i37. 

Hillyspilli, mentioned 314. 

Hispaniola, mentioned 364. 

Holmes, Thos., mentioned 420. 

Hope, Alex., mentioned 281. 

Hopton, Mr. Wm., letter to IMr. Harman Vorelst 2SU ; 

mentioned ...303; 323; 344; 381; 3S8; 407; 40S; 441; 467; 

473; 492. 

Horrocks, John, indicted for misdemeanor 434. 

Horsabaw Sound, mentioned 43.o. 

Horsey, Capt. Samuel, son of Col. Horsey, mentioned S; 9; 46. 

Horsey, Col., the death of, mentioned 8 ; 

affairs of, mentioned 45 ; 

mentioned 223 ; 

relating to affairs of 32S. 

Horton, Lieut., aispatched to arrest Wm. Ewen and Jas. Hous- 
ton 129. 

lessened the expense of building 168 ; 

needs no recommendation 284 ; 

sent to England to solicit assistance for the siege of Au- 
gustine 316 ; 

mentioned 282 ; 287 ; 301 ; 348 ;349 ; 3.3o. 

Hoslin, Banker of, mentioned 2G-'). 

Hossack, Mr. Provost, mentioned 63. 

House for the Ministry, mentioned ISO. 

Houston, Mr. Jas., a clerk, mentioned 127; 130; 240; 324; 

absconded at night 128 ; 

a warrant issued for 129. 

How, Robt., mentioned Hi. 

How, Mr., a lot of, mentioned 351. 

Hueks, ]Mr., mentioned 245. 

Hungary, ordinance on account of contagious distem.per in 107. 

Hurst, Samuel, a clerk, mentioned 66 ; 

left the Colony 128 ; 

a warrant issued for 129. 

Hutchenson, Mr., owner of a warehouse at Stonehow 233. 

Imingham, near Castor, Lincolnshire 349 : 350. 

Incorporated Society in Scotland, for propagating Christian 

Knowledge, letter from ^Mr. Jno. McLeod 9- 

Index 5213 

India, East, (Judulur iu, nientioued 370 ; 

mentioned 394. 

Indian Affairs, discussed 27. 

Indian Agent, Mr. Roger Laccy, went to the nation twice a.s....i:77. 

Indian Arms, a smith for, mentioned 171. 

Indian Corn, mentioned 4. 

Indian Country, Augusta, key to 109 - 

mentioned 217 • 

no provisions made for agents to 2.30. 

Indian manufactures 40S. 

Indian Nation, Gen. Oglethorpe made visit to 182; 198; 

Gen. Oglethorpe left for 237 ; 

expenses pertaining to journey to 244 ; 

Mr. Eoger Lacy went as agent to twice 277 ; 

mentioned 197; 235; 242; 2S6; 346; 403; 40.3. 

Indian Officers, mentioned 252. 

Indian Station, mentioned 74. 

Indian traders, ilr. Samuel Brown & Thomas Morris, men- 
tioned 145; 219; 405. 

Indians, French and Spaniards busy among 6.S; 

French prisoners taken by Chickasaw, in battle 71; 

Choctaw, guests of the Colony 79 • 

friendly towards the English 79 ; 

stirred up by the Spaniards and French 166; 

being stirred up against the English by Spaniards and 
French 167 ; 

French and Spaniards tiying to raise disturbances among 179; 

Creek, held meeting with Gen. Oglethorpe 215; 

Cherokee, Gen. Oglethorpe preparing to have talk with 215; 

co-operate with Gen. Oglethorpe against the Spaniarils. . . .21S; 

quantities of rum sold to. in Carolina 226; 

sent for by Gen. Oglethorpe 227 • 

Negroes wounded in flight from 232 ; 

Cherokee, destroyed by rum antl small-pox 247; 

sick and starving, furnished with corn by Gen Oglethorfve 247; 

threaten revenge on the English 247 ; 

Carolina, attacked by the French 267 ; 

Florida, killed two men, and carried off another from Ft. 
Amelia 281; 

called on for assistance 287 • 

surprised and burned the Fort Picolata 314 ; 

a great resort for trade 342 : 

some more brutal and troublesome than the 404; 

house built to receive, converted into a slaughter house.. 482; 

mentioned 27; 28; 87; 105; 219; 236;' 242; 24S; 267; 

524 Ijtdex 

268; 289 J 291; 312; 313; 317; 403; 427; 428; 429; 445; 

446; 476. 

Industry, encouraged 166. 

Ingham, Mr., mentioned 34. 

Insurrection of Carolina Negroes, mentioned 231 ; 

an account of 232. 

Inventory of stores at Savannali taken 71. 

Island of Hope, Mr. Nobl<^ Jones' plantation on, mentioned. .. .350. 

Isle of "Wight, mentioned 9 ; 47. 

Italian silk -n-inder, supposed to have left the Colony through 

discontent ^3- 

Jamaica, mentioned 25. 

Jenkins, Mr., mentioned 17; 142; 406; 427; 428; 

landlord of a public house, drunk and disordeuy '. . . . 84. 

Jenkins, Mr. Ed^vard, former Trustee for the orphans 352; 

local Trustee 397 ; 399. 

Jennys, Paul & Co., an account of, mentioned 186; 238; 239. 

Jenys & Co., mentioned 24. 

Jenys, Mr. Thos., mentioned 70; 71; 244; 245; 

letter to the Trustees 254; 

offers' services to the Colony .255. 

Jenys & Baker, mentioned 255. 

Jesuits, The, have mission and school in the Kingdom of Angola 233. 

John Galley, Capt., Patterson 's Ship 123. 

Jones, Levris, thought to be a principal in the murder of Hugh 

Watson, a warrant issued for 200 

indicted for the murder of Hugh Watson 200 

escaped 201 

Jones, Thos., letter to General Oglethorpe 15 

letter to Mr. Harmaa Verelst 48 

given possession of stores 71 

letter to Mr. Verelst 79 

letter to Mr. Harman Verelst 87 

defiance shown to Mr. Causton 123 

letter supposed to be to the Trustees 125 

not on good terms Avith ]\lr. Causton 138 

badge of authority, key to the stores 140 

jealous of Mr. Parker 141 

Mr. Stephens ' opinion of 142 

jealous and suspicious 157 

acted w-ith great courage 171 

letter to Mr. Harman Verelst 192 

a better understanding between Mr. Stephens and 211 

Index 525 

ability as an accountant, mentioned -1- 

a better understanding with --^ 

letter to Mr. Harman A'erelst -36 

third bailiff -"^ 

a sworn bailiff - ' ^ 

declined to take oath of office 321 

letter to Mr. Harmau Verelst 330 

overseer of the Trust 's servants 331 

appointed 3rd bailiff of Savannah 331 

answer from Genl. Oglethorpe relating to orphans 339 

retailing liquors and provisions 366 

letter to Mr. Harman Verelst 374 

letter to Mr. Harman Verelst 3S9 

grossly abuses Mr. Henry Garret 400 

proclaimed Mr. Parker, rogue, viilian, etc 401 

letter to Mr. Harmau Verelst 403 

packett relating principally to Messrs. Causton and Brad- 
ley 40S; 

gives a copious narrative of affairs in the Colony 426; 

letter to Mr. Harman Verelst • • • .427^ 

having dispute with Col. Stephens over Mr. Pye 436; 

Benj. Adams' created disputes between Col. Stephens and 

Mr. Jones 444 

vested with too much power 450 

letter to Mr. Harman Verelst 459 

Henry Parker and, in possession of seal 462 

chief actor in despotic measures 47S 

Henry Parker, Mr. Pye and Col. Stephens, in power 

of \ 478 

Mr. Whitefield and, ruling the court 481 

disposes of copper sent over for change 483 

storekeeper for the Trustees 484 

uneasiness felt in regard to the continuance of, at Fred- 
erica 488; 

still detained at Frederica 498 ; 

mentioned 6; 20; 29; 33; 41; 67; 110; 111; 117; 

143; 145; 156; 165; 173; 184; 185; 186; 190; 218; 219; 
221; 242; 243; 246; 247; 248; 249; 253; 278; 285; 295; 
296; 302; 303; 305; 300; 308; 309; 314; 316; 319; 323; 
325; 326; 387; 388; 397; 400; 410; 420; 421; 431; 435; 
443; 446; 447; 456; 457; 462; 479; 480; 485; 486; 487; 

Jones, Noble, mentioned 292 ; 450 ; 

plantation of, on Island of Hope, mentioned 350; 

a capable surveyor, but indolent 471. 

Johnson, George, sued Patrick Tallfcr for wages 434. 

520 Index 

Joubart, Peter, tything man, mentioned 382 ; 

fined for non-appearance in court 433. 

Judge of the Admiralty, Mr. Luis, death of 224. 


Kaleher, Eubrick, currency allowed to 73. 

Kent, Lieut. Richard, man of great worth and merit 244; 

lieut. of Fort Augusta, no friend to Georgia 3S6; 

mentioned 429 ; 484. 

Kingdom of Angola, in Africa, mentioned 233. 

King of Spain, mentioned 134 ; 

King 's Charter, people not given full rights contained in. 103. 

works, mentioned 169. 

stores, mentioned 167. 

Forces, arrival of expected 75. 

commands to annoy the Spaniards, mentioned 217; 

iLinister, DePlotto, mentioned 265. 

nails, a parcel of, found in William Pope's possession. .275. 

Mark, mentioned 276. 

Troops, mentioned 342. 

Kitson, Ensign, party of men sent out under, drowned 252. 

Kogler, a Saltzburger, chief builder of the mill, recommended to 

the Trustees 465. 

Knowart, Kunigunda, a woman, mentioned 464. 

Knowles, Mr., indicted for taking part in the beating, etc., of 

AVm. Atchison Finley and Thos. Wiggins 134. 

Lacey, Capt., mentioned 27. 

Lacey, Roger, deceased, made the first experiment on potash. .. .277 

acted as Indian Agent twice 277 

built forts at Augusta and Thunderbolt 277 

Land, title to possess, mentioned 11 

mission, mentioned 13 

a grant of asked 38 

asks for a license to sell 40 

grant of, asked 77 

a grant of, requested 108 

at Savannah, mentioned 112 

liberty to sell, wanted by people in Colony 121 

a request of concerning Jos. Watson 154 

concerning applications for 178 

mentioned 205 

tenure of, in Georgia 205 

IxDEx 527 

resolutions relating to the granting of 'JOG; 

the Creeks ' declaration of their possessions 20S ; 

letters received from the Trustees relating to titles of . . .."'.If) ; 

act relating to the tenure of 322 ; 

granted to Mr. McLeod :;*^^) ; 

alterations in regard to tenure of 414 ; 

disposed of, without limitations 449; 

large part of, barren 450 ; 

clearing of, mentioned 493. 

Laroche, John, letter to Mr. Harman Verelst 204. 

Latter, John, mentioned 456. 

Laws, concerning the entails of estates 172 ; 

relating to issues of stores 184. 

Legall, Nicholas, master of the schooner Beafort 364. 

Levit, John, a mariner on the ship ' ' Unity " 199 ; 

indicted for the murder of Hugh Watson 200 ; 

mentioned 201. 

Levitt, (see Levit). 

Lieutenant Governor, mentioned 210 ; 233 ; 242 ; 281 ; 

sent account of the negroe insurrection to Genl. Ogle- 
thorpe 235. 

Light House at Tybee, orders given for the reparation of..321;46S; 

in need of repairs 367. 

Lincolnshire, mentioned 346. 

Liquors, retail of 84. 

Live stock, no account of, given by Mr. Causton 54; 88. 

Lloyd, Harry, appointed chaundler by Gen. Oglethorpe 445. 

Loghouse, threats made to commit 'Mr. Jones to 237; 

mentioned 401. 

London, labor dearer in, than in any other part of world 83; 

a ship arrived from 224 ; 

Capt. Thomson to sail for 306 ; 

mentioned 14; 38; 110; 134; 192; 205; 217; 220; 221; 

264; 281; 327; 349; 357; 377; 427; 467. 
Loyer, Adrian, had chief direction of accounts 240; 

refused a permit to leave the Colony before the comple- 
tion of examination of accpunts 240. 

Luis, Mr., Judge of the Admiralty, dead 216 ; 

mentioned .' ,,^^ 22im 

Lemy, Mr., wife aiid child of,' ^nfed\v negroes. 234. 

Lyde, ^Mr., mentioned 430. 

Lyon, Mr., the gardener, planted a vineyard 113. 


McCrae, Capt., Caplain of the " Dorobernia, ' ' a ship 491. 

Mcintosh, Mr. Moore, (see Macintosh). 

528 Index 

Mclntosb, Laehlan, keeper of Ft. Argyle 427 ; 

mentioned 428. 

McKeazie, Mr., suing Lewis Binon for debt due 432; 

tried for unlawful seizure of goods 432 ; 

mentioned 482. 

McKenzie & Frazier, storekeepers at Augusta 206; 

administration granted to, upon the estate of Wm. Allen, 

an Indian trader 432. 

McLeod, Mr. Jno., missionary at New Inverness in Georgia, let- 
ter to the Secretary of the Incorporated Society in Scot- 
land for propagating Christian knowledge 9; 

mentioned 173 ; 

granted land from the Trustees 386. 


MacBean, Archibald, servants delivered to the credit of 73. 

MacBean, Lachsan, wife, mentioned 74. 

Mace, Ensign, with a party of the regiment sent out on Xew 

Year 's day 314. 

Mackay, Capt., mentioned 113 ; 228 

leaves for Frederica 231 

arrival of 241 

with party of regiment sent out on New Year's day 314 

Mackay, Ensign Hugh, mentioned 63 

letter to Mr. Harman Verelst 135 

letter to Mr. Harman Verelst 152 

erects cleft board houses at St. Andrews 16S 

in charge of servants at Amelia 170 

sent out with party of regiment on New Year's day 314. 

Mackenzie, Henneth, charged with felony by Lewis Bynon, but 

Mr. Jones refused to indict 481. 

Mackintosh, Benj., mentioned 74. 

Mackintosh, Eneas, mentioned 63. 

Mackintosh, Jno. Moore, mentioned 63; 251; 283; 284; 288; 

lieutenant and commanding officer at Darien 74; 

overseer of the Trust's servants at I>arien 169; 251; 

mentioned 358. 

MacLeane, Alexander, mentioned 74. 

MacLeod, Mr., mentioned 358. 

Maepherson, Capt. Jas., commander of the garrison at Fort Ar- 
gyle, mentioned 67 ; 

threatens to quit the service 68 ; 

negroes belonging to, ran away with horses, wounded son 

and killed another man 232 ; 

makes demand on the Trustees 246. 

Index 529 

Magistrates, relating to allowauees of provisions from the 

Trustees 196 

Magistrates at Penrose 's, mentioned 195 

Magistrates of Savannah, mentioned 171 ; 183 

Magistrates strongly banded together at Savannah as lawbreak- 
ers 165 

oppositions met with 237 

of Augusta, no provisions made for 250 

Trustees ' orders relating to 291 

relating to public houses 353 

ordered by Gen. Oglethorpe to cause proceedings against 

Saml. Brown & Thos. Morris 406 

election of 449 

mentioned 240; 252; 253; 269; 290; 292; 400 

Magistry, new constitution of the 306 

Men of War, mentioned 242 ; 266 • 267 

Manzique, Jos. Anthony, found guilty of the murder of John 
Smyth and Hellen Bere Smyth, the Trustees' servants 

at Argyle , 433 

judgment passed on, death warrant issued for execution 

of 435 

Martyn, Benjamin, Secretary to the Colony, letter from an un- 
known person 35 

lett€r from Eobt. Trevor 106 

letter from Rev. Mr. Xorris 342 

letter from Wm. Stephens 344 

mentioned 7S; 236; 380; 381; 414 

Martin, (see Martyn). 

Matthews, (Musgrove's) plantation, mentioned 88 

Matthews, Jacob, and an Indian half-breed pick a quarrel with 

traders I45 

servants delivered to 290 

new settlement of 313 

a false report that the Indians had killed 428 

wife of, a Creek Indian 428 

indicted for taking part in the beating, etc., of Win. At- 
chison Finley and Thos. Wiggins 434 

mentioned 89 . 314 . 429 

Maxwell, Ensign, sent out with party of regiment on Xew Year's 

<iay 314 

Meers, Wm., tything man, a warrant issued to, to hang Shennon 

in chains, at the mouth of the Ogeeehee Eiver 435 

Mense, The, complaints of inhabitants of towns along, in regard 

to emigrants IQg 

Mercer, Mr., intimate with Mr. Causton 192 

mentioned 88; 350; 443 

530 Index 

Merchants and settlers, regulation of 164. 

Metcalfe, William, accepted position as missionary to Georgia. .346; 

letter to Mr. Vcrelst 34S ; 

letter to Mr. Yerelst 349 ; 

mentioned 347 ; 34S. 

Methodists, New, mentioned 329. 

Mexico, Gulf of, mentioned 312. 

Middlehurst, John, the mate on the ship ' ' Unity " 199. 

Mico, Faunee, mentioned 314. 

Military Force, endeavors for obtaining 31. 

Military, expenses of- 167. 

Militia raised to rout negroe insurrectors 235. 

Milledge, John, brother and sister of, mentioned 339 ; 

mentioned .' 373; 340. 

Minas, Mr., intimate with Mr. Causton 192. 

Minerva, Capt. Shubrick 's ship 440. 

Minis & Solomons, two Jew merchants 397 ; 400. 

Minis, Mr., mentioned 16 ; 17 ; 401 ; 402 ; 403 ; 

Mr. Causton 's entertainer and brother toper 400. 

Missionary, establishment of a, mentioned 10. 

Montaigut, Mt!, mentioned 190 ; 23S. 

Montrigut, Mr. & Co., mentioned 24 ; 

hogs and provisions bought from 70. 

Mountagut, Mr., errors found in accounts of 334. 

Moore, Mr. Francis, Secretary to Gen. Oglethorpe, mentioned, 

176; 188; 189; 285; 355; 

appointed to discharge the estimated expenses of the 

southern part of Colony 460. 

Moor, (see Mr. Francis Moore). 

Moosa, Fort, built of stone to protect plantations of runaway 

negroes 313. 

Morris, Thomas, an Indian trader, mentioned 405; 406; 407. 

Motte, Isaac, mentioned 429. 

Mouse, Mr., and family, only inhabitants of the Island of Skid- 

oway 292 ; 

mentioned 457. 

Mulberrj' Trees, mentioned 76 ; 144 ; 490 ; 493. 

Murcot, John, in England, mentioned 277; 327. 

Musgrove, Mr., and wife, interpreters to the Indians 290. 


Nash, Mr., house burned by negroes 234. 

Xaval Stores, belonging to the King, purchased by William Pope 275. 

Navigation charity school society, mentioned 301. 

Negroe Insurrection in South Carolina, an account of 232; 

merchants, mentioned 293 ; 

Index 531 

scr\-ants, inconvenience of employing .193 

slaves, mentioned 233 

Negroes, Carolina, Insurrection of, a request for the Trustees to 

publish in paper 231 

a petition framed for, by Mr. Williams Ill 

the employment of 120 

profess the Roman Catholic religion 233 

burning houses and killing people 234 

constables of Georgia ordered to seize 236 

order relating to 250 

freedom of, a diminution to value of estates 255 

use of, abused ; 412 

affair of 437 

use of, demanded 449 

mentioned.. 100; 112; 114; 17S; 189; 307; 312; 313; 317; 438 

Nevinson, Capt., captain of the "Hawke " 280 

Xew Constitution of the Magistracy 305 

New Inverness' m Darien, mention 12 

Newman, Mr. Henry, extract of letter from Messrs. Bolzius 135 

letter from John Martin Bolzius 296 

letter from George vYhitefield 299 

letter from Will Seward 300 

New Windsor, trading boat arrived from, bringing news of Gen. 

Oglethorpe 213 

New York, mentioned 210 • 372 • 484 

a cargo of provisions brought from 445 ; 

people leaving Savannah for, on account of oppressing 

conditions 36g 

Nicholson, Gen., mentioned 164. 

Norris, Eev. Mr., mentioned I55 . 

letter to Mr. Benj. Martyn, Esq 342. 

Norris and Drewett, London merchants, mentioned, 220; 221; 371. 

North America, resolutions covering trade of. from Spanish 

Guarda Costas 163. 

Nursery for planters and mechanics 359. 

Oakes, Young, mentioned 472. 

Obrien, Mr., land granted to 386. 

OBrien, Kend, letter to the Trustees 124. 

OBryan, Mr., storekeeper for furnishing Indian traders, recom- 
mended by Geu. Oglethorpe for a lot of 500 acres 108. 

Ogeechee Eiver, settlement on, mentioned 411 ; 

a warrant issued to Wm. Meers to hang Shennon in chains 
at the mouth of the 435. 

532 I^'DEx 

Oglethorpe, Geu. James, went south, not heard from 8 

the arrival of, expected 

orders credit to be given to -Mr. McLeod 13 

letter from Thos. Jones ^^ 

orders certain supplies furnished 31 

at St. Simons 

in the south '*^ 

informed of the Trustees ' affairs *8 

direction in regard to accounts awaited from 55 

prevents Mr. Causton from leaving the Colony 58 

expected at Savannah ^^ 

recommended John "Warvi-ick as a planter 64 

Indians come to have a talk with '^ 

a canoe dispatched to inform, of the arrival of the In- 
dians ^5 

not heard from °' 

Letter from John Crosse, Junior 91 


letter to the Trustees 

letter to the Trustees 

letter to the Trustees HI 

advanced money to the Colony H" 

deep resentment shown by H"* 

expected to arrive at Savannah soon .126 

complaints made of 14° 

letter to the Trustees 163 

Indians insist on meeting with 166 

appoints Patrick Grant as naval officer 1"" 

letter to the Trustees 1 ''8 

made visit to the Saltzburgers 182 

on a visit to the Indian Nation '. 198 

letter to the accountant 208 

met by the Creeks with expressions of joy 208 

reports concerning 21o 

an anonymous letter in regard to the treaty with the 

Creeks at Coweta Town 215 

ill whOe in Indian Town 216 

letter to the Trustees 217 

gone south 

made mies for the Colony 227 

letter to Mr. Harman Verelst 231 

is refused demand for runaway negroe slaves 232 

letter to the Trustees 241 

letter to the accountant 244 

letter to the Trustees 250 

letter to the Trustees 266 

a box from the Trustees brought by Wm, Hopton to 280 

Index 533 

letter to Mr. Harman Verolst 281 

letter to the Trustees 284 

many expeditions of, mentioned 286 

letter to the Trustees 290 

letter to the Trustees 301 

iiuportant affairs of 303 

letter to Col. Stephens 312 

Spaniards attacked by 312 

advanced salary of John Pye 325 

letter to the Rev. Mr. Bolzius 337 

letter to the Rev. Mr. Bolzius 33S 

letter to the Trustees v.vA a copy of answer to Mr. Jones's 

representation relatino; to orphans 339 

letter to the Trustees 341 

on way to Augustine 345 

sentiments in regard to the orphans 359 ; 

a paper found, entitled "The Ilonble. Ja : Oglethorpe, 

Esq., Aceot of Cash with the Hon. Trustees " 378 ; 

liberality of 391 ; 

ordered Magistrates not to cause proceedings against Saml. 

Bro-^vn and Thos. [Morris 406 

application to, for rejected land 415 

obliged to raise seige of St. Augustine 418 

loaned money to [Mr. Whitefield to build a house 421 

at Frederica 444 

appointed Harry Lloyd, Widow "Weddel and John Pye, 

Cliaundlers 445 

mentioned 4; 12; 20; 23; 24; 25; 27; 29; 33; 34; 49 

52; 54; 62; 70; 71; 72; 118; 120; 124; 145; 146; 147 
174; 176; 181; 183; 197; 212;. 216; 217; 220; 221; 226 
233; 235; 238; 241; 263; 270; 272; 280; 335; 336; 343 
357; 358; 363; 390; 404; 430; 431; 447; 456; 464; 465. 
Olato, name given the St. IMatthaeo river by the Indians and 

called the St. Johns by the Spaniards 312. 

Olives and pomegranates, growing in yard of Mr. Hawkins in 

Frederica 453. 

Orphan-house at Ebenezer. request for substance towards 118 

building of 1^^ 

shoes made for ■ — 

of great service to the Colony 351 

Mr. Syms, superintendent of 373 

indebted to the store at Savannah 421 

Catherina Cu.=tobader ordf^red to, by Gen. Oglethorpe 464 

mentioned.... 119; 120; 160; 163; 1S2; 291; 297; 300; 321 

.339; 350; 371; 422; 493 
Orphans, Local Trustee of, mentioned 395 

534 Index 

accounts of, audited by Henry Garret 394; 

mentioned 341; 397; 398; 399. 

Ortman, School-master, inefficient as teacher 162 ; 

complaints against 182 ; 

not aflowed to teach English 183. 

Overstreet, Mr., an industrious man, settled in Augusta 245. 

Oxtead, Mr. Causton's home, mentioned. .. .16; 50; 55; 56; 57; 86. 

Parker, Mr. Henry, with a patty of friends dined at Oxtoad, 

Mr. Causton 's home 17 

reconciled with Fallowfield, Bradley and Causton 18 

provisions taken out of the store to home of 50 

paid no rent to Mary Cooper 66 

frequent visits to Oxtead mentioned 57 

several private debts paid by Mr. Causton 57 

a bailiff and a notorious drunkard 84 

plantation of, near Vernon River: . 88 

retains a goou opinion of Mr. Causton 141 

friends urge on his behalf 142 

acquitted himself as a good magistrate 143 

refused to sign bill 173 

intimate with Mr. Causton 192 

accuses Mr. Jones of being a falsehood 195 

a magistrate 197 

orders touching the issues of stores 212 

continues as first magistrate 253 

removed from office as first bailiff 278 

still acting as first bailiff', althougli dismissed by the 

Trustees 279 

servants of, mentioned 291 

an effort to keep on bench 295 

misfortunes of 308 

displaced and Mr. Christie appointed first bailiff 310 

Overruled by magistrates of Savannah in regards to 

orphans 359 

grossly abuses' Mr. Henry Garret 400 

Henry Garret compelled to apologize to 401 

proclaimed rogue, villian, etc., by Mr. Jones 401 

first bailiff 402 

constituted first bailiff 433 

white thorn hedges planted by 453 

Thos. Jones, and, in possession of the seal .462 

in Mr. Jones ' pow er 478 

not consulted by Mr. Jones in matters 481 

Index 535 

mentioned 49; 57; SS; 130; 155; 156; 182; 184; 186; 

194; 196; 237; 238; 240; 295; 307; 311; 332; 392; 397; 

406; 429; 443; 480. 
Parliament, smn granted, sufficient to pay debts of Colony 164; 

disturbance in, Mr. Stephens son spoken of 3S5 ; 

mentioned 163; 218; 252; 267; 289; 454; 479. 

Palichocolas, men placed in garrison at 235. 

Patterson, Capt., capt. of the "John Galley" 122-123. 

Pedro, Don, colonel of the Spanish Horse, in Charlestown nnJer 

pretense 233 ; 

mentioned 227. 

Penrose, Mrs. and Mr. Adams doing business in an underhand 

manner 447 ; 

mentioned 445. 

Penrose, i[agistrates of, mentioned 195. 

Pennsylvania, grown populous by german servants 1 68 ; 

mentioned 21 ; 373 ; 374. 

Percival, Hon., Pall-Mali, London, mentioned 76. 

Periagua of the Colony, fitted out T\ith four guns 288. 

Perkins, Mr., a magistrate of Frederica 292. 

Perreaquir, hired to transport people to Savannah 151. 

Pettiager, from Charlestown, mentioned 192. 

Pettyaguars, employed by the Colony 445. 

Pons Pons, a road through Georgia to Augustine 234. 

Philadelphia, mentioned 360 ; 372 ; 484. 

Picolata, Fort, on the south side of the Alata 131; 

burned by the Indians 314 ; 

garrison withdra^m from 315 ; 

mentioned 314; 316. 

Piercy, Capt.. mentioned 50. 

Pink, a vessel, Capt. Yoemans, commander of 274. 

Pinnon, Fort, mentioned 313. 

Plumsted, Mr., mentioned 39 ; 40. 

Pomegranates and olives, growing in Colony 453. 

Pope, William, an affidavit relating to the piirchase of some of 

the King 's stores by 273 ; 

late master of the ship ' ' Snow White " 274 ; 

purchased naval stores belonging to the King 275; 

mentioned 279 ; 432. 

Port Koyal, mentioned 129 ; 210 ; 236 ; 240 ; 274 ; 383. 

Portugueze, the mentioned 233. 

Pot -ash, the first experiment made by Roger Lacy on 277. 

Presbj-terian Church, money left in will for 14. 

Prince Galley, Capt. Bowles ' ship 189. 

Protestants, mentioned 285 ; 372. 

Province, scout boats kept up for the protection of 152; 

annual estimates for protection of 153; 

536 Index 


capable of subsisting self 166 

informed of ■^\ar 210 

a frontier against the enemy 211 

Indians, scout boats and rangers employed for protection 

of 219 

register of, Mr. Brownfield appointed 229 

healthy condition of, mentioned 281 

particulars in regard to 284 

a full state of affairs in 323 

mentioned 256 

Provost, David, mentioned 239 

Prussia, mentioned 265 

Public Garden, The, mentioned 490 

Pury, Mr., mentioned 110; 238 

Purrysburgh, mentioned 447 

Pye, Mr. John, recorder of Savannah, mentioned 240; 461 

very faithful 239 

an industrious man, suggested for place as recorder 269 

letter to the Trustees 324 

letter to the Trustees 365 

letter to the Trustees ^ 430 

appointed recorder of Savannah 430 

constituted recorder 433 

contentions between Col. Stephens and Mr. Jones in regard 

to 136 

appointed Chauudler by Gen. Oglethorpe 445 

letter to Trustees 461 

in Mr. Jones ' power 478. 


Qviit rents, mentioned 449. 


Eagles, Capt., captain of the ''Betty" 423; 440. 

Rangers, a troop of, ordered to patrol through Georgia on ac- 
count of the Xegro Insurrection 235 

an old debt due, by the Trustees 281 

mentioned 252; 267; 268; 287 

Eea, John, mentioned 63 

Regiment, The, mentioned 166 ; 167 ; 252 ; 267 ; 2S 

recruits for 301 

cattle bought for provisions for the 482 

Recorder, Mr. T^illiamson appointed 268 

Mr. Christie appointed 290 

John Pye, appointed, of Savannah 430 

Index 537 

Eegister of Province, Mr. Brownfield appointed 229 ; 

Mr. Brownfiekl unable to execute duties as, on account 

of illness 3^3 

Keligiou, Eoman Catholic, professed by negroes 233 • 

state of, in America 299 • 

affairs of 352; 360. 

Religious books, an order to examine given 489. 

Ehode Island, mentioned 209* 210. 

Eice grounds, mentioned 97. 

Eice, Lawrence, copy of affidavit received with Mr. Fallowfield's 

letter 484. 

Eichmond, Duke of, mentioned 472. 

Roberts, Thos., boy sent Col. Stephens, rooted with habit of vice.49G; 

caught stealing and sent to jail 496. 

Eoche, Francis, coach maker on the marsh 175. 

Eoman Catholic Religion, professed by negroes 233. 

Ross, Mr., the surveyor, ordered to lay out farms at Abrieorn 

Creek ; 118 ; 

life saved from negroe insurrectors by a negroe 234. 

Rossa, Fort, with a garrison mostly of Indians 313. 

Rotterdam, mentioned 106 ; 107. 

Rum, mentioned 177 j 175 j 

retail of 84 ; 

exhorbitant sale of, to Indians by Carolinians 226; 

Lieut. Gov. of South Carolina joins in the suppression of. .242; 

Cherokee Indians destroyed by 247. 

Eum Act, put into execution 179. 

Eum fever, mentioned 253. 

Eum Law, sellers acquitted in spite of evidence at Savannah. .. .165. 

Rus.sell, Wm., a clerk to the Trustees, mentioned 86; 87; 127; 

128; 431. 

Russia, war with mentioned 36. 

Ryan, Mr., mentioned €7 ; 68. 


Sacheverell, Mr., house of, burned by negroes 234. 

Saint Andrews, scout boat needed for 152 ; 

Cleft board houses erected by Hugh ^VlacKay at 168 ; 

Repairing of forts at, mentioned 289. 

St. Augustine, mentioned 30; 95; 313; 413; 

Governor of, proclamation in regard to freedom of slaves. 134; 

expedition against 343 ; 

General Oglethorpe obliged to raise siege of 41S; 

siege of, mentioned 430. 

St, Christopher, mentioned 19; 57; 238. 

St I>iogo, Fort, seven leagues from the Alato, six from Augus- 
tine, and three from the sea 313. 

538 Index 

St. Francis de Pupa, Fort, built 312 ; 

mentioned 314; 

Taken by General Oglethorpe ^Z9. 

St. Francis, Fort (see St. Francis de Pupa). 

St. Francis, a ship, mentioned 19S. 

St. Gallen, in Switzerland, mentioned 220. 

St. Johns River, The Creeks declare their possession of all the 

lands as far as the 208 ; 

Spaniards driven out of 288 ; 

Xame given to the St ]\latthaeo river by the Spaniards 

and called the Olato by the Indians ^ 312 

St. Marks, Fort of, mentioned 312 ; 313 

St. Mathaeo Elver, called Olato by the Indians and St. Johns 

by the Spaniards 312 

St. Michael, The market of, mentioned 264 

St. Simons, Gen. Oglethorpe at 44 

Mr. Thos. Eyre at 158 

mentioned 87; 152 j 179; 217; 225; 228 

St. Xphers. mentioned 57 

Saltzburgers, support of, mentioned 28 

found country fruitful 120 

the condition of 136 

favor shown by the Trustees 160 

ministers for the -. 180 

■widows and orphans taken care of by the 219 

in good health 221 

in regard to unmarried women 291 

temporal and spiritual condition of the 297 

work on plantations begun by 371 

condition of, and progress of plantations 420, 

mentioned.. Ill; 118; 121; 162; 182; 232; 264; 371; 46.5; 466 

Saltzbourg, the emigration of men in Archbishopric of 265 

Santouchy, mentioned 314 

Sauftleben, a carpenter, the arrival of 159 

Savannah river, mentioned 236 ; 495 

Savannah, church in, foundation not yet laid for 482 

Savannah, a sloop, commanded by Capt. Grant 372 

Savannah, inventory taken of the stores at 33 

town court of, moved 33 

notices affixed on doors of stores 49 

goods delivered to the magazine at 56 

Gen. Oglethorpe 's expected arrived mentioned 58 

all payments made at 68 

inventory of stores taken 71 

in great danger of wanting corn 77 

harrassing conditions of 95 

terrible situation of affairs at 109 ; 

Index 539 

poor people of, mentioned HI- 

Lands at, mentioned 112 • 

Gen. Oglethorpe expected to arrive soon 12G • 

lawbreakers strongly bunded together at 165; 

stealing of hogs very frequent at 1G9 • 

. servants under Mr. Bradley and ilr. Causton at l(jy ; 

appointed to the magistrates of the town court 179; 

Mr. Fallowfield, collector of 179; 

store at, mentioned 181 ■ 

magistrates of, jg3 . 

the court proceedings of 193 . 

Spanish sugars and foreign goods imported 207 ; 

storekeeper of, mentioned 220 : 

people of, idle 051 . 

Mr. Williamson too good a lawyer for 269 • 

Andrew Duche, the potter, very industrious 291 • 

appointment of second bailiff 294 • 

misrepresented abroad 300 • 

Mr. Jones appointed third bailiff of 331 • 

affairs of 343 . 

forty English families left at. 366 ■ 

six months alteration in, very noticeable 367 • 

orphan-house indebted to store at 421 • 

John P}'e, appointed reconler of 43O • 

supplied with meat by a german butcher from Purys- 

^"^gli .'. .447; 

Mr. Mouse and family going to live at 458 • 

full of buildings but thin of inhabitants 477 ; 

Mr. Upton 's house at 4S5 . 

mentioned 27; 72; 81; 126; 128; 129; 134; 142; 151; 

171; 173; 187; 193; 215; 218; 219; 228; 237; 248; 268; 

296; 313; 325; 351; 356; 358; 359; 365; 391; 405; 406; 

411; 412; 414; 427; 428; 436; 444; 455; 459; 464. 

Saw Mill, repairing of delayed 3S7. 

Saw Mill at Ebenezer, expenses of, mentioned 28 • 

repairing of delayed 337 • 

orders given for the reparation of 468- 

mentioned 47O • 

gone to ruin 430 

Saxby, Mr. George, mentioned 257 • 303 • 

a bill drawn on 473 . 

a bill drawn on by Mr. Hammerton 492. 

Scotch, the language, mentioned 233. 

Scotch Orphans, four found at Darien 35S. 

Scotland, Incorporated Society in, for propagating Christian 

knowledge, letter from Mr. Jno. McLeod 9; 

servants brought from 20. 

540 Index 

Scout boats, mentioned 28; 170; 218; 266;268. 

necessity of keeping up at Amelia 152. 

Searles, Mr., a pettiager man, employed to assist in store 130. 

Secretary to the Colony of Georgia, Benjamin ^[artin 35; 

reflections cast on 450. 

Servants, Mr. Bradley 's mentioned 53 ; 

Mr. Broadie 's, mentioned 63 ; 

great numbers deserted 1(^0 j 

Dutch, mentioned 120 ; 

wretched crew of, mentioned 115 ; 

paid in ready money 164 ; 

Trustees employed in building cleft board houses at St. 

Andrews 1"^ 

molesting the Inland part of eountrj- 169 

belonging to the Trustees 169 

at Darien, under charge of Mr. Mcintosh lea.n to saw 169 

building huts, clearing and fencing land 170 

under charge of Hugh MacKay at Amelia, made planta- 
tion ...\ 170 

Trustees, an overseer appointed for 18 < 

German, mentioned 285 

taught to row. 


German, delivered on credit 290 

Trustees, Mr. Jones overseer of 331 

Trustees, not provided for by estimate 38 1 

Trustees, ' list of, sent to the Trustees 391 

White, artfully fonnented by negroe merchants 293 

concerning the importation of 494 

mentioned 101; 102; 150; 166; 171; 173; 185 

251; 286; 290; 291; 292; 319; 321; 354; 375; 390 

Settlements, the, the prevention of the destruction of 287 

Settlers and Merchants, regidation of 164 

Seward, Will., letter to Mr. 11. Newman, 300 

mentioned 340;374 

Seyer, Adrian, a clerk, mentioned 128 

Sbarpe, Mr., mentioned ^-^ 

Shats, Mr., German Trust servant appointed overseer of 

sen-ants ^^^• 

Shennon, William, found guilty of the murder of John Smyth 
and Hellen Bere Smyth, the Trustees' servants at Port 
Argyle '*^^- 

iudcrment passed on and death warrant issued for 

■ 435 
execution ot 

Shepherd, Peter, a poor industrious man, mentioned 405;406. 

Shoemaker, Ulict, the arrival of at Ebenezer 159; 

married a fortnight before death 219. 

Index 541 

Shubrick, Capt., Captain of the Minerva, opinion on affairs at 

home 134 ; 

mentioned 153 ;440. 

Silk, mentioned 3G; 76; 104; 143; 160; 321; 336; 493; 

twenty pounds sent to the Trustees 178; 

industry, very important improvement of the Colony 250; 

Winder, Mr. Camuse 246 ; 

worms, mentioned 76; 113; 144; 194. 

Silken trade, establishing of, mentioned 38. 

Skidoway, Island of, Mr. Mouse and family the only inhabitants 

on 292 ; 

"Wm. Ewen, a planter on, obliged to leave. 458 ; 

mentioned 251 ;455. 

Slaves, freedom promised by Gov. of St. Augustine 134; 

mentioned 234. 

Sloper, Wm., letter to Mr. Verelst 206. 

Small-pox, Cherokee Indians destroyed by 247. 

Smallvrood, Samuel, mentioned 63. 

Smith, Rev. Mr., mentioned 343 ;495. 

Smith, John, a servant to the Trustees, murdered at Fort Argyle 

by Jos. Anthony Mansique and Wm. Shennon 433. 

Smith, Wm., a copy of affidavit relating to Wm. Pope 's pur- 
chase of the King 's. stores 273 ; 

a carpenter on board the ' ' Snow White, ' ' examined as a 

witness 273 ; 

a witness' in the case of William Pope 276. 

Smithers, Jas., a man of value to the Colony, in erecting a saw 

mill 64. 

Smyth, Hellen Bere, a servant to the trustees murdered at Fort 

Argyle by Jos'. Anthony Manzique and Wm. Shennon. . .433. 
Smyth, Mr., indicted for taking part in the beating of Wm. 

Atchison Finley and Thos. Wiggins 434 

Snow Defyance, a ship, mentioned 273; 274 

Snow, Peter, sued Patrick Tallfear for wages 434 

Sola Bills, mentioned 69 ; 155 ; 182 ; 221 ; 383 ; 386 ; 472 

South Carolina, mentioned 91 ; 295 ; 396 

an account of the Insurrection of negroes in. . 232 

Lieut. Gov. Bull, pursued by negroes 234 

Southerland, Ensign, sent out with party of regiment on New 

Years day 314 

Spain, an account of a rupture with 240 

mentioned 242 

Spain, King of, promised freedom to negroe slaves 232 

Spaniards, continual alarms from 31 

busy among the Indians 68 

.stirring up the Indians against the English 167 

endeavoring to raise disturbances among the Indians. .. .179; 

542 Index 

Commands given to annoy 217 ; 

committed to jail in Georgia on suspicion 233 

measures taken to prevent negroes reaching 236 

a barbarious attack made on Amelia by 266 

invading the Colony 267 

preparations for invading 286 

made an attack on Amelia 287 

driven out of the St. Johns Eiver 28S 

an effort to provoke to fight 289 

an attack on Amelia 312 

taken prisoners 315 

a, detained in jail on suspicion of being a spy, escaped. . .483 

mentioned 43; 95; 209; 242; 247; 2-52; 255 

281; 282; 294; 314; 418; 438; 343; 497 

Spanish sugars, mentioned 179 

Spanish, ships, a command given to destroy 210 

the language, mentioned 233 

alarms, mentioned 342 

horse, mentioned 252 

declaration of freedom 256 

Sprye, ifr., bouse of, burned by negroes 234 

Stamping mill, built by the Saltzburgers 4i 

unable to build on account of lack of funds 465 

Stanberry, Mr., mentioned 239 

Stephens, Mr. Thos., going to England 192 

son of Col. Stephens 209 

not heard from since departure 211 

still not heard from 273 

a poor, misled young man 382 

creating mischief 424 

mentioned 158; 191; 193; 195; 236; 303; 328 

Stephens, or Stevens, Col. Wm., letter to Mr. Harman Verelst 3 

the arrival of '-6 

letter supposed to be to the Trustees 40 

letter to 'Mr. Harman Verelst 45 

trust reposed in 57 

letter to the Trustees 113 

letter to Mr. Verelst 123 

letter to the Trustees 136 

letter to Mr. Harman Verelst 154 

refused to sign bill 1~3 

letter to the Trustees 184 

letter to Mr. Harman Verelst 188 

an account of a barbarious murder committed 199 

letter to Mr. Harman Verelst 209 

no letters received from son 211 

journals of, mentioned 218; 

Index 543 

letter to Mr. Harman Yeroist 222 • 

letter to Mr. Harman Verelst L'2o ; 

letter to Mr. Harman Verelst 257 • 

letter to ^Mr. Verelst 273 • 

refused commission to William Williamson 295 • 

letter to Mr. Harman Verelst 302 • 

letter to the Trustees 305 • 

letter from Gt-n. Oglethorpe 312- 

letter to the Trustees 319 . 

letter to the Aceotant 326 • 

letter to ilr. Ben j. Martin 344 . 

retailing liquors and provisions 366 • 

letter to Mr. Verelst 330- 

very friendly with ;Mr. Jones since son's departure 404; 

letter to Mr. Harman Verelst 407 • 

letter from Mr. Harman Verelst 400 . 

^ — J 

death of Avif e of 424 • 

returns from Frederica 427 • 

disputing -ivith Mx. Jones over Mr. Pye 436- 

letter from the Trustees 437 - 

copy of letter to yir. Harman Verelst 439; 

Bcnj. Adams created displeasures between iNlr. Jones 

ancl 444 . 

copy of letter to the Trustees 448 • 

letter to Mr. Harman Verelst 4.54 • 

refuses seal to Mr. Duehe 463 • 

letter to Mr. Harman Verelst 467 • 

letter to Mr. Harman Verelst 474 • 

in Mr. Jones ' power 473. 

letter to the Trustees 4S7 • 

letter to the Trustees 49I • 

mentioned 17; 19; 23; 29; 49; 50; 54; 6S; SO; 89; 159; 1S2; 
192; 194; 195; 196; 197; 216; 237; 238; 242; 243; 247; 
253; 269; 277; 278; 279; 280; 281; 296; 297; 311; 331 '; 
332; 333; 341; 343; 350; 351; 370; 391; 392; 429; 433; 

435; 459: 460; 462; 466; 4S0. 

Sterling, ilr., family of. mentioned 50 • 

Stewart, Capt.. captain of the ship "Charles Transport." drank 

toast, "Damnation to all rogues" IS- 

frequent visits to Oxtead, mentioned 57 ; 

mentioned 19 ; 57 ; 58 ; 127. 

Stirling, Mr. Wni., letter to the Trustees 360 ; 

letter to the Trustees 4IO. 

Stonohow, name of place mentioned 233. 

Storekeepers, Trustees', mentioned 171; 186; 219; 220; 282- 

283; 325; 354. 

Stores, Trustees', mentioned 110; 163; 167; 171; 181; 184; 

192; 334. 

544 IxDEx 

Stuart, Capt., (see Capt. Stewart). 

Surrey, name of a place mentioned 346. 

Surveyor, a land, mentioned 171 ; 

appointed bv Gen. Oglethorpe 174- 

no allowance for 243 • 

Colony in need of 471_ 

Symond, 2.[r., mentioned 109 • 

demands payment of debt 110. 

Susannah, Captain Gregory's ship, mentioned '. . .439. 

Sigourney, Capt., mentioned 215 • 224. 

Sygorny, Capt. (see Sigourney.) 

Syms, Mr., deceased shoemaker, -wife of, married again 371. 

Syms, Mr., superintendent of the Orphan-house 373. 


Talfeur, Dr., complains of ill treatment of Gen. Oglethorpe and 

the Trustees 17 . 

mentioned in regard to petition for negroes Ill; 

an apothecary surgeon ITS* 

preparing to leave the Colony 250- 

mentioned 308 ; 406. 

Tellfair, Patrick, reported to the people of Savannah that the 

Indians were planning an attack 428; 

sued by Peter Snow and Geo. Johnson for wages 434; 

mentioned 443, 

Tallfear, Tailfer or Talfeur (see Tellfair). 

Tartar Pink, a ship sent from the Government to advise the pro- 
vince of war 209. 

Taxes, not levied in Georgia 168. 

Tenure of lands, act relating to 322. 

Thielo, Dr., mentioned 466. 

Thomas & son of London, mentioned 357. 

Thompson, Capt., objections to accounts considered 63 ; 

debts due by Saml. Brown, an Indian trader 405; 

mentioned 20; 30; 54; 63; 73; 210; 301; 312; 

330; 342; 363; 441. 

Thorold, Mr., mentioned 300. 

Thunderbolt, settled by Mr. Roger Lacy 277. 

Tomo Chici, with his chiefs pay the Chactaws a visit SO. 

Tomson, Capt., arri%-al at Tybee. mentioned 228; 

leaves for Frederica 231 ; 

very useful to the Colony 294 ; 

to sail for London 306 : 

sadly detained at Frederica 325 ; 

arrival of, mentioned 328 ; 

ship of, thought to be lost 492 ; 

Index 549 

mentioned 39; 43; 51; 5S; 113 

114; 229; 238; 241; 273; 281; 282; 284; 285; 286; 290 
293; 303; 304; 310; 323; 326; 331; 334; 370; 381; 423 

Tooanahowi, an Indian, helping Gen. Oglethorpe fight the Span- 
iards 218.. 

Tcsvers, Mr., mentioned 231. 

Tower Street in London, mentioned 14. 

Tovrer Court, mentioned 311. 

Town-house, The, called also the Great House 470. 

Townsend, Mrs., a notorious clamourer 447. 

Townsend, Capt., mentioned 215. 

Townsend, Mary, letter to the Trustees 145. 

Tracy, Eobt., letter to Mr. Harman Yerelst 202. 

Trevor, Eobt., letter to :Nrr. Martyn 106. 

Trustees, sent estimate of expenses for current year 5; 

mentioned in regard to funds 14 ; 

interests of, mentioned 15 ; 

letter from Mr. T. Causton 20; 

letter from Mr, WUl Stephens 40; 

instructions given, impossible to comply with. , 48; 

letter from Mr. Causton 59 ; 

unable to grant more than 500 acres of land to one person. 77; 

suffered greatly, through the mis-conduct of Mr. Causton. 81; 

expense of the Colony, mentioned 82 ; 

cattle killed by Mr. Bradley belonging to 89; 

letter from Gen. Oglethorpe 108; 

letter from Gen. Oglethorpe 109; 

letter to Gen. Oglethorpe Ill ; 

letter from Mr. Stephens 113 ; 

a request for an Orphan-house 118 ; 

beseeched not to allow negroes to be carried to Ebenezer. .121; 

extracts of accounts for year 1736 sent to the 122; 

letter from Kend OBrien 124 ; 

letter from Thos. Jones 125 ; 

Mr. Causton 's accounts sent to 128 ; 

letter from "Wm. Stephens, Esq 136 ; 

letter from Mary Townsend 145 ; 

relating to Sola Bills 155 ; 

kindness to Mr. Gronau and Orphan-house 159; 

testimonies of love and favor to the Trustees 160; 

letter from Gen. Oglethorpe 163 ; 

a refusal to bring properties of, before juries 165; 

servants belonging to, mentioned 169 ; 

endeavors necessary to protect the Colony 169; 

uneasiness of affairs 173 ; 

letter from Patrick Grant 177 ; 

541) Index 

twenty pounds of silk sent to the ITS ; 

letter from Gen. Oglethorpe ITS ; 

letter from Wni. Stephens 184; 

relatinj^ to allowances of provisions to magistrates 19G; 

letter from Mr. Thos. Christie 198 ; 

malieioiB reflections cast upon 202 ; 

resolutions relating to grants 206 ; 

letter from John Fallowfield 20T ; 

the Creeks concessions of land to 20S ; 

letter from Gen. Oglethorpe 21T; 

letter from the Rev. Mr. Bolzius 219 ; 

letter from John Brownfield 229 : 

Mr. Caustou 's secret designs to defraud 238 ; 

letter from Gen. Oglethorpe 241 ; 

called by the Indians, the preservers of their nation 24S; 

letter from Gen. Oglethorpe 250 ; 

letter from Thos. Jenys 254; 

letter from Geu. Oglethorpe 2G0; 

letter from Mr. T. Causton 2T0; 

letter from Theops Hetherington 2T5 ; 

letter from ilr. Christie 2TS ; 

letter from Gen. Oglethorpe 2S4 ; 

accounts of, mentioned 2ST ; 

letter from Gen. Oglethorpe 290 ; 

letter to the Trustees 294; 

letter from Gen. Oglethorpe 301 ; 

letter from Wm. Stephens 305 ; 

letter from Mr. Christie 310 .: 

letter received from, relating to titles of land 316; 

letter from John Brownfield 31S ; 

letter from Mr. Wm. Stephens 319 ; 

letter from John Pye 324 ; 

letter from Jas. Louis Camuse 335 : 

letter from Gen. Oglethorpe 339 ; 

letter from Gen. Oglethorpe 341 ; 

Mr. Samuel Davison appointed overseer of servants of, 
but not allowed to act 353 , 

letter from Woodward & Flower 355 ; 

letter from Eev. Mr. Whitefield 35S ; 

letter from Messrs. Wm. Sterling, Andrew Grant, Da. 
Douglass and Thos. Baillie 360; 

letter from Benjamin Adams 361 ; 

copy of letter from John Fallowfield. 364; 

letter from John Pye 365 ; 

allowances made to ^Ir. Canston 3/4; 

granted land to Mr. McLeod 386 ; 

cattle of the, sold by :Mr. Bradley 392 ; 



letter from 'Mr. Henry Garret to Lord Ducie, given fur 

consideration to the 393 ; 

Henry Garret employed by, to look into the Orphan's 

accountsf 394 

letter from Henry Garret 397 

letter from Henry Garret 397 

letter from Andrew Grant, David Douglass, Wm. Sterling 

and Thos. Baillie 410; 

a paper entitled "The Answer of the, for estahlii^hing the 

Colony of Georgia in America. ". 411 ; 

majority of the, kept in the dark in regard to the oppres- 
sion in the Colony 416; 

deluded and ineonsistant in regard to the welfare of the 

Colony 417 

a request made to, for an allowance for a clerk 425 

letter from John Pye 430 

letter from Mr. Stephens 437 

letter from Mr. Stephens 448 

letter from Wm. Ewen 455 

letter from John Fallowfield and John Pye 461 

continually inclined to promote Ebenezer's welfare 463 

letter from Mr. John Fallowfield 476 

letter from Wm. Stephens 487 

letter from Mr. Stephens 491 

Capt. Thomson, a bearer from 492 

German servants a dead weight on 495 

a paper of sundry proposals laid before 498 

mentioned 7; S; 10; 12; 15; 16; 17; 39 

40; 52; 53; 54; 55; 56; 58; 76; 79; 81; S3; 88; 92; 94 
96; 102; 109; 112; 113; 119; 120; 126; 130; 132; 151 
157; 158; 162; 163; 167; 170; 171; 172; 174 
180; 181; 189; 191; 193; 194; 197; 203; 204 























218; 219; 
241; 243; 
265; 266; 


21; 223; 226; 228; 231; 

246; 247; 249; 



251 ; 


293; 308; 310; 311; 326; 327; 328; 330; 332 
337; 340; 341; 342; 345; 347; 349; 351; 352 
356; 368; 369; 370; 371; 372; 373; 
383; 385; 386; 389; 390; 392; 393; 
404; 409; 410; 413; 420; 421; 422; 
441; 442; 444; 449; 451; 454; 460; 465; 466 
467; 470; 471; 473; 479; 481; 484; 488; 497. 
Trustee's clerks, Samuel Hurst, John Tye, "SVm. Russell, Adrian 

Seyer, Jas. Houston, Wm. Ewen 128 ; 

mentioned 375. 

Trustee 's farm, mentioned 89. 

Trustee's garden, pomegranates and oranges growing in 453. 


375 ; 378 
399; 401 
427; 433 

548 Index 

Trustee 's interests, mentioned 57. 

Trustee 's library, nienti(nied 491. 

Trustee 's Order, copy given Mr. Causton 50 ; 

relating to the magistrates 291, 

Trustee's servants, an overseer appointed for the 187; 

Mr. Jones, overseer of 331; 

not provided for by estimate 3S7 ; 

list of, sent to the Trustees 391 ; 

mentioned 49; 166; 288; 319; 375; 390. 

Trustee 's stores, provisions verj' low 85 ; 

mentioned 246; 283; 376. 

Trustees ' uines, under Mr. Stephen 's care 193. 

Trustees ' wine cellar, keys to, cause a dispute 193. 

Tmxuoy, an Indian, mentioned 428. 

Tuddington, near Hampton Court in Surrey 346. 

Tybee, mentioned 58 ; 147 ; 367 ; 392 ; 

arrival of Capt. Thomson at 228 ; 

an application for the suppression of the ale-house at. .. .242; 

light-house at, being repaired 321; 

repairing of sea mark delayed 387; 

orders given for the reparation of the light-house at 468. 

Tye, John, a clerk, mentioned 128. 

Tj-thingmen, needed in the towns 243 ; 

no provisions made for 250 ; 

election of 449. 


Uchee Indians, mentioned . 287. 

Uchee King, mentioned 314. 

Uchee Town, path cut from Augusta to 245. 

Ulict, the shoemaker, married ilargarefha Egger, a fortnight 

before death 219. 

Unity, the, a sloop belonging to Caleb Davis & Jemitt Cobley, on 

which a murder was committed 199; 207. 

Upton, Mr. Thomas, mentioned 20 ; 63 ; 

given credit 73 ; 

house of, at Savannah, mentioned 485. 

Urlsperger, Mr., Senior, mentioned 120. 

Urlsperger, Samuel, letter from 258. 

Valencia, mentioned 317. 

Vanderplanc, Mr., mentioned 375. 

Vatt, Mr., a letter from, mentioned 73. 

Vanban, Meusieur, mentioned 288. 

Vaughan, Robt., suing Nicholas Chinery for debt due 433. 

\erelst, ^Ir. Harman, letter from Wm. Stephens 3 ; 

Index 549 

letter from Jno. West 39 

letter from "Wm. Stephens 45 

letter from Thos. Joned 4S 

letter from Air. Jones 79 

letter from Mr. Joues ST 

letter from John Martin Bolzius US 

letter from Thos. Cuuston 12 J 

letter from "Wm. Stephens 123 

letter from John Gerald 134 

letter from Hugh Maeka v 135 

letter from Mr. Abereromby 151 

letter from Hugh Mackay 152 

letter from Wm. Stephens, JJsq 154 


letter from the Eev. Air. Bolzius 159 

letter from John Calwell 174 

letter from the Eev. Air. Gnmau 175 

letter from Wm. Stephens 188 

letter from Robt. Tracy 202 

letter from Ilenry Archer 203 

letter from John Laroche 204 

letter from Sir Wm. Heathcote 205 

letter from Wm. Sloper 206 

letter from Gen. Oglethorpe 208 

letter from Wm. Stephens 209 

an anonymous letter to 215 

letter from Geori:;e Dunbar 216 

letter from Mr. Stephens 222 

letter from, Wm. Stephens 225 

letter from, containing appointment of Air. Brownfield as' 

register 229 

letter from Gen. Oglethorpe 231 

letter from Air. Thos. Jones 236 

letter from Gen. Oglethorpe 244 

letter from Air. Stephens 257 

letter from Air. Wm. Hopton 2S0 

letter from Jas. Oglethorpe 281 

letter from Wm. Stephens 302 

letter from AVm. Stephens 326 

letter from Air. Thos. Jones 330 

letter from the Eev. Air. Wm. Metcalfe 348 

letter from the Pev. Air. Aletcalf e 349 

letter from Eev. Air. WhiteGeld 350 

letter from Samuel Davison 353 

letter from Air. Hammerton 368 

550 Index 

letter from :\Ir. Bolrius and ifr. Gronau 360; 

letter from Mr. Wm. Stephens 380 • 

letter from Mr. Tlios. Jones 3S9 • 

letter from INIr. Thos. Jones 403 • 

letter from :Mr. Wra. Stephens 497; 

letter from Mr. Bolzius 419 • 

letter from Mr. Wm. Stephens 422 ; 

letter from ^Ir. Jones 427- 

letter from Mr. Stephens 4.54 - 

letter from Mr. Thos. Jones 4.59 ; 

letter from John ]\Iartin Bolzius 463 ■ 

letter from Wm. Stephens 467 • 

letter from Wm. Stephens 474 • 

mentioned 9; 63; 70; 112; 

115; 126; 127; 267; 136; 137; 174; 181; 184; 186; 188; 
230; 250; 254; 285; 286; 287; 297; 305; 310; 311; 342; 


Verelst, ilrs., mentioned 217. 

Vernon Eiver, mentioned 85 ; 154 • 191. 

Vernon, Mr. James, Esq., mentioned 231; 298; 372; 475; 

letter from Mr. Ziegenhagen 337. 

Vineyard, the Trustees ', mentioned : . . . 242 ; 252 • 490. 


Walker, Mr., works on the fortification 292. 

W^allace, Mr., not hurt by the negroes because they said he was a 

good man and kind to his slaves 234. 

WaLset, Mr., a good planter 292. 

War, mentioned 221 ; 246 ; 252 ; 287 ; 423 ; 491 ; 

rumors of 213 ; 

prevents indolence 217; 

■with France 303. 

W^ardrop, Mr., forced to leave the Colony 149. 

Ware. iMr. Thos., mentioned 239. 

Warwick, John, recommended by Gen. Oglethorpe as a planter. ... 64. 
Waterland. Dr., indorses Mr. Metcalfe as an eminent preacher. .348 ; 

mentioned 349. 

Watson, Jos., a letter of attorney referred to 73; 

a request concerning land of 154; 

mentioned 191 ; 

killed Indian servant in dispute 291. 

Watson, Hugh, :Mr. Thos. Baylys ' servant 199 ; 

murdered with a beef fork 200 ; 

mentioned 201. 

Wattle, Frances, wife of Thos. Wattle, slandered by John Gard- 
ner, an Indian Trader 434. 

Index 551 

Wattle, Thos., mentioned 434. 

Weddel, :\Irs., a widow, appointed Chaundler by Gen. Oj^lethorpc, 

soon after married and loft off storekeepiug 44.j. 

West, John, letter to ^[t. Verelst 39 

mentioned 52 ; 292 

Western Road, tlio cost of hullding^ 238 

West Indies, mentioned tl.l 

a good map of wanted 264 

Westley, Eev. ilr. Jno., mentioned 34 

Westley, Xr., brother of John Westley, mentioned 34 

Whitaker, Mr., a lawyer at Charlestown of great ability 223 

White, Mr., mentioned 49; 284 

White Thorn, hedges of planted 4.53 

Whitefield, Rev. Mr., arrival of in Georgia 297 

letter to Mr. Henry Xewman 299 

in regard to the Orphan-house 300 

relating to the church and Orphan-house 321 

stands for the good of the people 340 

a contention with, concerning orphan brother and sister of 

John Milledge 340 

.letter to ^Mr. Harman Verelst 350 

letter to the Trustees 35S 

family of, mentioned 36G 

letter to the Trustees 372 

several articles relating to 472 

chosen guardian by Ann Clark 473 

■with Mr. Jones, ruling the court 4S1 

mentioned 29S ; 420; 421; 457; 492 

Wiggins, Thos., beaten and imprisoned by Knowles, ^lathews, 

Smyth and Elsey 434 

Williams, Mr. Robt., frequent visits made to Oxtead 57 

a man of value to the Colony 64 

frames a petition for negroes Ill 

going for England 140 

a merchant quit planting to sell rum 178 

accounts and claims of 3S2 

mentioned 29; 43; 57; 67; 68; SS; 133; 146; 147; 379 

Williamson, Wni., mentioned 64 

left for Charles Town 253 

appointed recorder 268 

a very good lawyer 269 

refused his commission as recorder 295 

made recorder 310 

not sworn in recorder 311 

treatment received by Islr. Jones from 332 

appointment as recorder held up by Mr. Jones 479 

Willy, Anthony, mentioAed 460 


552 Index 

Wine industry, mentioned 104; 166; 321. 

Wise, Mr., mentioned 328. 

Woodroof , Mr., mentioned 16 ; 445 ; 

freeliolder of Savannah 480. 

Woodward & Flower, letter to the Trustees 355. 

Wright, Capt., mentioned 322; 3S1; 3S2; 471. 


Yamacraw Indians, mentioned 287. 

Yeomans, Capt., commander of the "Pink," a vessel, mentioned 

48; 79; 111; 126; 274. 
York merchant, copper sent over for change, disposed of by Mr. 

Jones to the 483. 

York, mentioned 39, 

"Young, Mr., master to a boy named Oakes 472. 


Ziegenhagen, Rev. Mr., mentioned ISO; 

preacher of the court , 263 ; 

letter to Mr. Yernon 337.