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975.8 M«L 






3 1833 01794 1003 



OF thl: 






CANDI.,F.R. A. M, 






Compiler of Records 



VO! UML 23. 





Atl.\nta, Ga. 

Chas. p. Byud, State Printer 






\Vm. Stephens to Hainian Verel 

(From P>. r. K. O., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. -21.) 
J>ktti:k fkom AVm. Stkphens to Mr. 1L\rmax 


Georgia at their Office xear the House of 

l.ORlrifc ReCD 24 JUXE 1741 AV?>,T.MINSTER. 

Black ] 

Wax 1721552 

8eal J 
Savannah 4 Apr. 1741. 


My last was of the 23'^ Feb. with the eutlosctl 
as usual ; t^' I i\m now to acknowledge the receipt 
of what yon sent by Caj)'. Thomson ; who arriv- 
ed at Frederica the beginning of March, very 
happily, after our long Fears of his being lost; 
on the IG'*". ditto ^r. Jones returning from 
thence, brought the Box with him, wherein 1 
found your letters of the 25 & 28 Oct, the 8 Nov. 
& the 6 Dec ; together with the several jmpers 
therein sent; <Jc sundry letters & parcells foi* 
divers persons; besides a brave Stock of News 
I)apers for our Entertainment, &:q, very kind: 
but above all, I thoie also found 2 Books of Sola 
Bills of £1000 Ster each, agreeable to the num- 
bers & contents mentiond in your letter of the 
25 Oct". These things Avere sufficient to con- 
found the daring Impudence of all our vile 

Colon I Ai- liKconns 

AViP. Stephens to llainian V'crelst. 

S!;iii(]on'r>; wliosc malice has so long prompted 
'om to pu])lisli many tilings for truth, v^-^^. were 
thui''^ with- ^^'Jthont any I'oumlalion; l)ut in their AVishes 
Viin 'I'uiv "' cnlv', tliat this ('t>Iony must of necessity come 
truth. '^^ soon to destruction ; for there was not any more 
Succour to ])e expected; and the Government 
would shew ]io farther regard to it. Thus have 
our llenegades, in conjunction with their dear 
Friends at Charles Town, been tickling each 
other at the Hellish Imagination of; when tlie 
more important affair of getting materials to- 
gether, for cairying on their celebrated Histori- 
cal A\'ork, would allow of any vacant hours; 
whilst such a< liave a Stedfast disposition here 
of living uTider tlie protection of the Govern- 
ment, t^' the good Guardianship of the bouour- 
i\h]e Trust, will never suffer a thought to arise, 
y' tlicy .>]ia!l l.c forsalcen or forgotten ])y Tliem. 
An<l 1 hope what they have been now pleased to 
sentl, v.ill l)e faithfully c^' ]ninctually accounted 
f(n- in due time: in the mean while, proper care 
is talJjig to iret rea<ly our acc*^ of the issuing 
tl:o.-e Sola iiilis sent for the Services estimated 
to 1)0 dcfrayd therewith, wliicb commenced at 
Miclia<< 17:;:); w '\ I liope will be remitted by 
Cap'. Thomson as directed, when he goes hence; 
but 1 admire that ho still continues at Fred- 
erica; so y' I have not seen him yet. 

I oh.-erve, S'. with a grateful! Sense of the 
iKuiourablc Trustees Benevolence, y' at the same 
time yt'U wri(e me there was uo letter of mine 
come to hand since of the 14"\ of !May (as I 
find ill yours of the '_::) Oct^ : instead of imput- 

Capt. Th'im. 
s.-»n still :it 


"Wm. Stephens to Harman Verelst. 

ini; ;iuy blame, tliey very kindly expressd an 
.M])preliension of some alteration in my health; 
w'^ (I bless God) I have no room hitherto to 
plead, for neglect of my Duty: & as yon are 
pleased to acquaint me in yonr subsequent letter 
of the G Dec"", y' all my letters and Journals 
were rec"^ to Aug' last, so I hope, what I sent 
of 6 Oct^; 20, 27, 28" Nov^ 31 Dee^: 15 Jan; & 
23 Feb; have all found the right way since. 

The Orders I have rec'^ to put Cap' Thomson 

Orders to 

in possession of the Lot, late James Smitlis. in ^V^omsy^n' 
right of his AVife the AVidow Close, shall bo ful- ^ViS:''^^ 
filld assoon as I see the Captain here. 

The appointment which their Honours have 

made, of John Pye Eecorder here, the Eecord- ment'"oV 

tf -n T • o T r TT 1 I • -, John Pve as 

er ot r rederica, cc jp. Houstouu, being L onserv- Recorder of 
ators of the Peace; for V^ End proper Deeds JJun^con- 
were preparing; I cannot regularly take notice pe'Iufe*."'^ °^ 
of yet ; till I receive those appointments, which 
you say are to bo sent mo : for indeed I am not 
capable of guessing what their Office is to be, 
nor how far their power is to extend. '' 

The Coppy you send me of the resolutions 
made in Common Council! 21 Julv last, concern- coppy of 


ing the Tenure and cultivation of Lands; is c.^'mmon 
exceeding acceptable to all whom I have com- 
municated it to ; & I design to publish it at our 
Court intended to bo held in few days. And 

hereon I cannot but obsorve, how desirous (it 
appears) their Honours were of making every 
body easy in those points here, which some 
among us had raised such a clamour about, & 

Council con- 
of lands. 


\Vm. Stephens to Verelst. 

Fageta case 
at High, 

Dr. Garrets 

2 Ca^ks of 

Harry Uoyil 

hehavcd so unbaudsonicly in, several mouths 
after the Trustees had eoiiJeseeiided to grant 
vohititai-ily, wliat they sought for in so insolent 
a manner. 

Widow Fagets case at Highgate {w'\ I partly 
know already to be deservmg proper regard) I 
shall take eare to look into .^' pursue the direc- 
tions sent nie thereon. 

IX Garrets affair shall also be couciderd of. 
by those ap])ointed; but (if I may not be 
thought to ])rejudge it) I am of Opinion his de- 
mands will appear vastly extravagant and un- 

The 2 Casks of Shoes, transmitted as t^ In- 
voyce, shall be placed properly to ace', as soon 
as we have \nn from Cap^ Thomson; who when 
he comes shall not want any convenience for his 
Goods that we can help him to. 

1 wish Harry Lloyd, now he has his ^Vife 
again, may mend upou't; and that his Comfort 
may influence him to be more lively at work. 

My endi-avours have l)een often used, to l)ring 
to good effect w'. you wrote (more than once) 
W\ AVatts desired my assistance in, & I hope 
in my next I shall say something to the pur- 
pose; which hitherto I have been ill able to do, 
by reason of a pretty deal of painstaken, to 
keep those matters in obscurity; but I think I 
liave at length found Information, what Ten- 
ants have occupied those premises, how long 
thev lived on the same &c, from the time the 


VVm. Stephens to Ilaimiin Verelst. 

Badly in 

Widow Cox left it: and I am now getting the 
Kovenil Incuts ascertained; w*"". is the hardest 
to come at the knowledge of: hut you'll please 
to be assured, 1 will not easily he defeated in 
my pursuit of that Justice, w'". is due to the 

God send M'. ]\Ietcalfe well among us (who 
you write is coming) or any good ^Minister of 
the Church: never was more need: here is such nee'd'of'a 
distraction among us, in Religious matters as "" 
well as Civil; that without a steady adherence 
to the establishment of both, most sad confu- 
sion unavoidably v>'ill be the consequence: but 
1 shall not trouble you with expatiating on these 
things, w"'. I have so frequently taken the lib- 
erty to animadvert on in my Journals. I say 
not this thro' want of Charity to such as dis- 
sent from the Publick A\'orshij:> of the Ch of 
England; whom I wish as fellow Protestants, a 
full enjoyment of that Christian Liberty they 
have a Right to : but when J see such frequent 
advances made by some among 'em, to depress 
tlie Cleri^T duly qiialifv(,l; by stirring up their made^o 

*" "^ ^ ^ y J a t" depress? the 

riearers to a Dislike of their Doctrine; &: other '^'«-'&>- 
ways attempting most invidiously to render 
them contemptible (not to say worse) in order 
to exalt themselves ; I cannot always be a Hear- 
er only, (as I have too oft been) of such bitter 
Invectives; without wishing to see some re- 
straint given to those foul aspersions so plenti- 
fully bestowd. Nor would I be understood by 
this, to take upon me the absolute Vindication 
«)f M\ Xorris, from tliat heavv crime, which ^''- ^'"""''- 

Colonial Kecord.- 

Stephens te. llarnian Vcrolst. 

.OHIO are ))ressin- liard upon; ^vllilst others are 
of oi)inion it is iUe.L^^ally; i'rom wlmt I noted on 
tlie y.)'\ of March. He must stand on his own 
1<M.^. .», I wish heartily y' he may make his in- 
nocence appear clear, w^'^ at present is so sadly 
sullyed. lie continues yet at Frederica. 

I hope in nn- next I shall be able to write 
Attempts .omcthinu^ to the purpose of w^ we were doing 
"epitr"* at Tvbee on the 1 '. ins^; and that we shall by 
.on,e' means or other at last, attempt to repair 
that Sea Mark: in the mean while, I hope the 
honourable Ihust do not imagine that we have 
over left that place without a person capable of 
conducthig anv Vessel of Burtlien to that Har- 
])our out of the Sea; & afterwards np to Savan- 
nah, if re(iuired, which has been done with very 
irood Success, by an Old man, who with his A^ ite 
Uvc-^ t'nerc; an.l by Employing himself some- 
times in Fi>hing, has thereby required less sup- 
port from the Trust, y^ otherwise must have 
been allowd: the whole cost of the last year not 
exceeding (as I think) 12 or 13 pounds. And 
v.t.r .inc' Tctcr Emerv is grown so sturdy; in case 

fX{r::r •. -^ y^,^^,,\ ,UM.r>>ary to have a Branch Pilot 
P^'"''' there (as probably it may) I dare alTirm y\ here 

is Freeholder in this Town, whose name 
is .lames Ponncr, used to the Sea, knows the 
iSer >..No Flats, and Shoals, of all this Coast, as well at 
Pi>"'""' lea^t as Ihaery or better; ^ is an able Pilot; 
whi. 1 am perswaded v/ould readily accept of 
tiiat Employment, ^c live wholly there, on the 
same terms Emery was to have done: which is 
luunbiv -nbmitted. 


W'm. Stephens to Hanniin VereUst. 

M\ Jennys continues to -ive lis a great deal ^^^ ^^^^^.^ 
of trouble about bis accounts ; wberein be tbinks IJ^l'^c o^i 

, , T !• f^f trouble 

(from wbat be writes) tliat be bas not Justice nhout^^^ 
(lone bim. Tbe minutes rekiting to bis ace', of 
tbe 20'^ July last, w^'^ you was pleased to send 
me in yours of tbe 29 l>itto, came to band tbe 
UV^ of November, ^^'e sball get M^ Causton 
bere to try if be can clear it up fartber; but 1 
mucb doubt it. In tbe mean wbile be wrote me 
a letter of tbe 31 past newly reC^., whicb I tbinlc 
not amiss to send you tbe latter part of ex- 
tracted: y'. you may see wbat temper lie wrote 
in. Tbe modest bebaviour, & Punctual care y' 
I liave always found in Z^P. Hoptou, (wbo yet ^^^^^ 
lives witb AP. Jennvs, tbo' it's said tbey are ?*;• ^Se^? 

' "■ ... behaviour 

likely soon to part) induced me to take it into and pun<:. 
consideration. w'\ AP. Jones: and to make bim 
some acknowledgment for bis Service during 
several years past ; as you find it in my Journal, 
of tbe 23'^ past ; k I bope wbat we. did will be ap- 
proved of: nevertbeless, I am no wise- fond of 
making discretionary papnents, on any occa- 
sion wbere it cnn be well avoided: and tbere- 
fore I sball wisb to bave direction tberein for 
tbe future, wbat annual recompence tbeir Hon- 
ours tbink meet for sucb a Correspondent. 
wbom I verily tbink a man of Fidelity, as well 
as great p]xactness. 

As I do imagine tbe Parliament to be now up, 
& the Elections of a New one carrying on; 1 
must needs be very soUicitous to leani \vbat bas 
been determined, concerning tliis Colony, t^' bope 

10 Colonial Records 

Son who 
was com- 
panion laid 
a^ide aJl 
thoughts of 

Wm. Hopton to Harman Verelst. 

I AmW not have the nioitilication of seeing our 
Adversarys triuini)h. My Son who was on( o 
my Companion here, I assure myself has now 
laid a>ide all farther tlioug'hts of returning: and 
my youngest i-eadily offers to come to my as- 
sistance, in case theres room to expect lie can 
do any good : which I hope I shall soon be able 
to evince him, we have an agreeable prospect of. 

Herewith I send Co})py of my last letter of 
the 23'* Feb; and Coppy of my Journal from 
that time to the day of the date hereof inclusive. 

Your very humble Sen'ant 
■\Yill: Stephens. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

]jETTkr from Mr. Wm. Hoptox to IIar.max 
Verf.lst, recd 22 June 1741 

Charles Town April y'' 18"'^ 1741, 


Your favour of y^ *J'\ of ffebry with y. Pack- 
et for Col. Stephens I this day reced; & Mess"". 
Levy & Solomon's promises me y* Tub of Vines 
Alunday, two days ago I reced a Packet for Col. 
Stephens by >^ Faulcon, whicli I forwarded the 
same day, as I will this Packet & Vines ^ first 


Wm. Hopton to Harman Verelst. 

On the '20'\ of Jan"^ last I reced from Col. 
Stephens John JTaramerton's 2"^ of Exchange on 
(leorice Saxhy dated London 29 June 1739 for 
'I'wo Hundred Pounds Sterling- payable thirty 
days after sight to \\"\ Stephens E^q^ M^ 
Ttionias Chrystie & ^M'. Tho\ Jones or the order 
of any two of them, Value reced of tlie Trustees ^"oim^'jaln'^ 
of Georgia, to present for Acceptance, ]\['. Sax- ^chanpe on 
by was then at George lown but on his re- saxby. 
turn hither y^ 7'^ of Febry I presented, & lie 
refus'd to accept it, on which I had it then pro- 
tested for Non Acceptance, & on y ll'"- of March 
when it became due for non-Payment ; W. Saxby 
alledged that W. Hammerton had no right to 
draw it, he being oblig'd by the King's War- 
rant to apply the Quit Pents otherwise, & that 
he never would pay it, nor ever wrote that he 
would: On ^I''. Ilammertoii's arrival here I 
waited on him about it, who told me he had set- 
tled it with The Tnistees before he left England, 
& had time allow 'd him for payment of it, of 
which, he said, you'd undoubtedly advise Col 
Stephens by Capt : Thompson; Of this I wrote 
< 'ol. Stephens, who reply'd soon after that he 
liad reced four Lres from you by Capt : Thompr 
son, but not a AVord relating to this Bill, which 
induced him to think The Trustees expects 'tis 
paid, & therefore desired me to use y\ proper 
means for recovery of it, whereupon T sent to 
M\ Rutledge for his opinion how to proceed, 
which he sent me, & I sent Col. Stephens, & here- 
in Inclose yon a Copy of it; As you'l see M'. 
Kutledge's opinion is to have Patience, T again 

■^- Colonial Kfx' 


U'in. Hoi)ton to Harnian Verelst. 

vvait(Hl oil M\ Ilaiiinierton, Wiio wav'd iiisi.^tiiio- 
on its I.oiii- Sctllod in Kn-Iand, S: promis'd me 
to }.ay it hovo as fast as lie can Kaise y\ money: 
(>n y. ];r". Ji-stant J liad Occasion to pav liim 
.aa.l.T..(;> for Quit Kents, ^iiieh lie 
very rea<]iiy discunipod (sic) towards his Bill 
with fresli As.nrances that he'd pay r Remain- 
der as soon as ])ossible he can: Of this Ail^iir 
Col. Stei)hens deslr'd me thus to trouble you 
with a Relation of: I'll use all necessary dili- 
gence to receive y^ whole. 

The S-^'- Inst'. ] reced a Lre from Col. Stephens 
with ilis Jvxcellency Gen'. Oglethorpe's Set of 
Bills of Excha on You for £145 Sterlg desiring 
me to pay y. A'ahie in Carolina Currency to y" 
Orders of y^ Bearer of it, who was sent into 
this Provin.-e to hny a certain Number of 
Horses for y^ Publick of Georgia, which I'll 
•luly pay; The Exchange here is now down to 
(ioO j^ C. .K: very ditncult to get Currency for 
Bills at that ].>ate, on Acco^ of y- great want of 
Cunviuy to purchase Bice, c^c y^ many Drawers 
of' Hiils for Sale, So that I can't find a Pur- 
ciia^er for this Set of Bills; It does not suit me 
iTnabie ^to ''^ vrc-^vut to l^N-niit 'em to England on my own 
L^rorEis. :^'''''^ ■ '^'"^ ^ '»<'li''ve Sir I must send it to you 
c^ take y. jibrrty of drawing on You for v« 
amount in s.naller Bills as I can dispose of 'em. 

Very hard '^'^^^' Tiu-tecs ^: General's Sola Bills y^ Peo- 

!4,anii;;^ ^'^ V^^' i'C'r.' don't mucii care for on Acco\ of y« 

l?is(iue (,f v.-nding 'em to England in y^ Warr 

lime, as in ( 'a^c of r-iT^fnv,. i.,- ,.e -u< 

oi- ^. aptuie hy y^ Enemy we 


Wm. Hopton to Harman Verelst. 



i'<)ii.'>-ivc tlK'V may X(\L!:otiate 'em, as tliey are 
j.ayaM." to y". Jieaivrs: On y" 1.T\ of May last 
1 s^eiit hy John r>ratliwaite Ksty. a Lre directed 
to Cajit: James Pearee Morcli'. Tn London ront*^. 
One of tlie Trustees Sola Bills dated 4 Jnly 
17:;(i ]) N'\ L'94 Issued 20 0(•to^ n30 to Fra'. 
Moore, «S: One of His Kxeelleney Gen'. ()l!:1*'- 
thorpe's Sola Bills dated '29 Septem\ 1738 K 
X". .">44 Issued 20 Xovenr. 1739 to John (!reen rue > 
for Ten Pounds Sterling each. The Ship Bal- 
tiek Merch'. in whom M^ Brathwaite Sail'd was 
taken c^' carried into S'. Sebastians & he killed, 
since udiich I can't learn what became of tliose 
Bills, & should be Oblig'd fee Sir if you'd 
please to write me if they have ever been paid. 
I am 

Sir ;. .,:. 

Yo"". most Humble Serv'. 




rri<'<i into 


. yeb.s- 



Mr. Brath 


Utf kili^.l. 


la bills 



Charles Town April 23'^: 1741. 


Since y^ foregoing not finding a Purchaser 
for y^ whole Bill therein menconed jS: as I daily 
expect demands for y*. Orders on me for y 
Horses, I've sold a Bill for Twenty pounds 
Sterling payable to Capt : Hugh Grange or Or- 
der, & another for the remaining One Hundred w^ 
twenty-five Pounds Sterl^ to M^ Francis Holmes 
or Order, which I have taken y". liberty to draw 
two Sets of Bills of Exchange on Your Goodself 
for, at thirtv davs after sight, which doubt not 

dniwn yii 




14 Colonial Records 

Wm. Hopton to llarmun VertUst. 

but yoiri Honour, as I'vr iudosod His Excel- 
lency's first of Excha for One Hundred & forty 
five Pounds Sterl- on, c^ His Lre of ad^nce to 
You, to rciniitursc You agreeable to what I 
wrote You forciroini:. I am 

Your most Humble 
&: Obedient Serv'. 
W. IT. 

P. S. I've forwarded y^ Packet to Col. 
Stepbens cS: liousM y*' Vines, which shall go 'f> 
first Conv<\van<'e y^ Packet went by Land, Here- 
with is sent a I^ieket I've just reced from Col. 
Stepbens for y*. Trustees. 

Charb^s Town Ai>vil y^ '2y\ 1741. 


The foreguinir \vith y"'. Sundrys therein men- 
coned went *r* >''• Kichard c^' Alithea Capt. Bul- 
son for Cows, tliis serves to accompany His Ex- 
celb'niy's 'J', of ExclianL;.'e for y'". "CU') Mencon- 
ed in y". foregoing, which is y^ present needful 


Yo\ most Hum'. & Obed'. Serv'. 
AY". Hopton. 

M'. Harmau Wrelst. 




James Burnside to t!ie Trust* 

i i'ruin }'. r. 1^ <>•• ^'- ^^^' '•'•' Ooorgia, Vol. 21.) 
1.! n»it iUo-M .]amis r»cRNsii)i-: to the Tkl'stees. 
Savannali April 2:r. 174.1. 


"Pis a))Ove 7 Years siiii'o I landed in Geor.uia, 
at my Arrival I was assign 'd Lands on the 
O-caUlie- [sie] Kiver, I continued there one 
Year, Clear'd & Fenced 7 Acres, & planted part 
..f it: ]5ut after mncli Labour, cl' some Expence, 
n-.y own experience of the Barrenness of that ^^"^e'^fe^ '" 
Soyi, joyued with the Advice of Friends, induc- 
ed nie to quit it. Avhich I did with reluctance. . I 
was imediately employed in your Honours Mag- 
azine, where I continued above 2 Years & a 
lialf. dureing which time M^ Oglethorpe grant- 
ed nie a Lott in Savannah, in exchange for that 
at Ogeatche, soone after I ^larried to a consid- 
erable Advantage, [sic] c^' in order to Improve 
{ a«^ 1 thought) what I had got I Petitioned your 
li'.nours for an Island called Eotton-Fossom 
hM\v Providence, which contains between 1- & 500 
Acr«'s, but that I might not be Idle till such 
(Irant should come, I Clear'd & f fenced the 5 
Acres belonging to my Town-Lott. which has 
been planted ?> Y'ears to loss each time. After 
advice recoiv'd of the delivery of my Petition, 
tK: no answer, being by this time out of your hon- 
ours service, my Substance decreasing, & many 
advantagious offers made me in Carolina, in 
this i>erplexity I knew not what to do, some- 

](j Colonial I^ixokic^ 

James Kuniside to the Tri 

tiiii-'.- I (l«'l<'niiiiic(l to (|iiit tho Colony, tlion I 
tlioiiulit I would .-tay n litlli- for your honours 
Ansv.ei- oiu- way or y. oilier, wliicli I did, but 
lindin- iion.' after walfuiL;' above f> ^^lontlis, I 
tlien eoiicludi'd upon 'j:oiui2; to Carolina, c^' be- 
lieve sliouM have so done had not ]\K Xoblo 
.Tone-, wlio was then your Honours Surveyor, 
in presence (W" W. Bailiff Causton, (I think) 
.M^ li'ecorth r Christie, cV others assured me he 
had a ))ower from ^[^ Oi^lethorpe to put any 
oiie that lie tliou'iht capable of making improve- 
ment-, into possession of Lands, upon their Pe- 
litiojiinic for the sanie. A few J)ays after 1 was 
jiut in possession, by him in presence of M'. 
l>ai!i!T I'ai-ker \- others, of whieli I have a Cer- 
tilicr.te— 1 then fell to Clearing, Fencing. 
nnilding and Planting. [ stocked it with Cat- 
tle, liouu-^ Sheep c\: Poultry, in hoi"»es of getting 
I>r<'ad K>\[\ of it. but instead thereof after many 
r>i«couiapf>.i fatiuues .K discourageing thoughts (which 
to se!i "''^' d(^adned my \\i\y) on acco'. of the Titles in Gen- 
Wy deMs. ,.,..j)^ .,j ijj,. ,.,„! ,,^• .^]^^^^^ two Years & a half, I 

was obliir.'d to ^('11 my Stock &c : for which I re- 
ceived L'.KIn jtoniids (sic) Ster\ and ])ay'd my 
Deht- theiTuith -o farr as it went, so moved 
my ffaniily to Town — On the '2'\ April (Inst*.) 
my House in Savannah which cost upwards of 
100 pounds Sterling, was with 4 Others Burnt 
(piite, by a Hire wliich broke out in or Joyning 
to a Smitiis Slioj) — I saved most of my Furn- 
iture .S; the Doores ,S: Windows — The Lord in 
his wise providence 1 rjuestion not will by some 
means pro\ide I'or me and my growing Family, 

Correspondence !• 

James BurnsiJe to t'no 

il.. -^ave mv oi' this WorlcU Ooods, & now tlioy 
arc 1"1«h1, lli-^ NvIU bo cloiio, lii> Xame adored— 
1 have now >in;ill eiu'oura.-cincnt to coutmiie in 
o.M.>ri^"Ki Hiy House is JUiriit, my Substance to 
Vno amount of 150 j.ounds Sterliu- exclusive of 
1'40 St<T: Tin in debt to your Honours is con- 
sumed, endeavouring to improve Lauds, by suck 
means as none of our Nei-bbours in America 
<-ouid, esi.ccially as tbe Sumer is so hott, tlie 
prodm-e so snuili, (as by dear bought experience 
'tis found to be here) and the Titles so full' of 
sucli conditions »S: restraints as dishearten— 
Tliero are but liew (sic) Landholders now in the 
province, & scarce a Field occupyed so hut little 
provision rais'd 

If your Honours are pleased to consider me 
with regard to my Losses, & disapointments in 
any degree, I Begg you would add thereto such 
Title for the Lott on which stood my House that 
was burnt, which I hold in right of my Wife, the 
late :^rarg^ Bovey, to whome it was Granted 
.\nnd,c^' for the aforesaid Tslaxid of Providence; 
as your ILmours in your Hearts think will be an 
• ncouragement to ouo under my (sic) sircum- 
stanees to Improve 

Tbe distress 'd in all Ages had liberty to make 
llu-ir re<iuests known to them who had power 
to (Iraiit— Tlie Diumhters of l^lophehad ap- 
] lived to Moses a Case much like this, the Lord 
tbrougli him gave them an Answer of peace — 
1 am with great respect 

'N'our Honours Obedient humble Serv'. 
James Burnsido 


CoLOXiAL Records 

L.etter from Sam i:rlsi>erKer. 

(From I>>. r. l^ 0., P>. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 
r.r.TTi-.R rnoM Sam Urlspkugf.r. 
lied I 
Seal J 


Jv ivceii avaiithi.T avec ime joye inoxprima- 
blc la Chore Votre <\n 'M du passe de -iciic stile, 
aont je Vous fais inentlou par les presentes, en 
Vous" reinerciant tres obligeament de tons les 
l^elnes, que Vous avez employe a Pegard dn 

\ cf-tt.- beurc j- suis ocenpe d'envoyer des 
b.ttrcs rmir plu^iours \\]\o> do I'Empire, viz. 
Mcmiiii-'u.-, Xi.rdliii-ue, Liiidau ^^o. pour savoir, 
si les uns A l.'S autres de Saltz])Ourgeois prend- 
ront r.-M)luliun, d'aller en Georgia a Conditions 
pn-soritcs: atYingue j'en pnis..e former nne 
SiM.' four I'euvoyer a Londres. Et je ferai 
M;n<pu-r ).-ur rotle fois jv^n an moindre 
,.1,om' U.u> W> dcpenses, qui se feront four set 
tran.MH.rl: vi on pent faire fond asseurc sur la 
lidelit". c-xperienee et accnratesse de lenr guide. 
Vous uw i.ardoiinoioy encore, de faire mention 
^\\^ur >vnW cIhjsc, cpii me eanse quelqne ])eine. 
cV'st, qut' i'os nouveoux Colonistes apres son ar- 
liv.' i-n (Ic.i-i.' iw .ioniront leurs sustentation 
,,ue si-uiement pour six mois: car, n'ayant pas 
enc«)re .-u au.-mie recolte, dow prendre le pain 
anres n^ toniM oule? Ainsi je ne crois pas, on 



letter from Saii. I'rlsper^'er. 

«,n laissoia sans socours ai)res Ifs r-ix mois les 
wrn^ dt' CO lumvoau transport, qni no sont pas 
vi\ rUii <U^ ira^nuM- savie on si immi do tenis. 
IS.wr i-cu\ .It' la ('onr*'ssion d' An-slnmrg sur le 
Uh\n sni-orieur, qni iront ans-^i conic Colonistcs 
vu Anicritiuo, ponr s'y ct:i1)lir voisins dcs Salz- 
hourvii.'ors: je los plicite do tout :>ron Coourdo la 
-race dc sa .Majosta Koyalo; mais ;jo nio fondc 
de nouvi-au sur ma lettrc du 20 F<'V : d'autant 
plus. «iuo, i)ondant ce terns la un Grand Ministrc 
du Due <lo AVurtemburg, et qui est fort connu • 
sur lo Kliin, m'a fait une peintnre fort des- 
avantageuse de ce gens la; ajoutant: que les 
Salisbourgeois seroient a regrettor, si (sic) 
devroient etre meles avec ces sortes des gens. 
C'est pourquoi je donnerai conseil, sans pre- 
scrire quelqne chose, de ne pas attendre jusqu a 
ce que les hahitans a "Ebenezer fassent des ob- 
jections, })arce que les circonstances de ces 
Etrangeres (sic) lears sont tout a fait inconnus; 
et d'ailleurs ils ne seroient pas arsez hard! 
d'objectei'. Le Meilleur etoit, de ne les meler 
point aves eux : on que ]\fess^ les Trustees ayent 
ji.-seuranc-es de Cuvs vie Chretienne sussi bien 
que iaborieuse. 

An reste je demeure 


■■■"■— :^--^' Votre tres humble 

et tres obeiss: Serv. 
Sam. Urlsperger. 

Augusta ce 

27 A veil 1741. 

20 Colonial "Ri-.couds 

L>etter from rrlsptTKef. 

\'(»iis paiiioiiTierrs. Monsieur, cotte faiito, 
I'nitc jiar ctlui la (|nl a >>i_L;iie cette Lettre. 

J*. S. .Mon.^ieiir 

Coinnio, je \'oiis siiis infmement oblige de 
1 'amour ((ue vouse avez temoig'ue par la re- 
sjxuisc a iiies h^ttrfs: je rerner.sio au [blotted] 
mcMiie tenis Mes<: les Trustees aussi bieii que 
la Sot'iete dt'labonte (|U ils out temoigiie de 
i'ouiiiir, les frrds pour ee transport jusqi a liot- 
terdaiu. .If ^urs asseure <[ue les Societes ne 
s'eii rf-p^'ntirunl jamais. Ilo s'eu offrent deja 
(les honn«'> i.N".*rues le bon Ih-eu veville dirigor 
tout rela en son lionneur, en benediction d'An- 
glctcrre, ct au >alut i>our Ebenezer. 

[The V. S. i> written at the bottom of tlie first 
and second pn?;('< of the original in a difTL'i'ent 

(Trar. elation of foregoing paper.) 


1 r»'«-.'ivfd drty bi-fore yesterday, with inex- 
prt->.-^ib!r j..y. your cherished letter of the 31st 
ult., f)hl stv !<s of wliioh I make mention by these 
pn'S<-nts in thanking you very kindly for all the 
tr'iublc ll'.at you liave taken in regard to the 

I am at tiii^ moment l)usy sending off letters 
lor many cili.'s (»f the empire, namely, :Mem- 
iimu.-, Nordlinuuo, I/m<lau, c<:i\, m order to know 


Letter from Sim Uil.sperger. 

if nnv of tlio Saltsbiiri;hors will determine to 
-i» to Gcorda luuler the prescribed conditions 
Ml that 1 tan make a Fist to send to London, and 
will note for eadi time, even to the least tiling, 
ali tlie expenses, wlTu !i will be incurred for this 
transportation, and tliey can be well assured 
upon the lidelitv, experienc<? and accuracy of 
tlieir u'uidc. Von will ])ardon me ag^ain for men- 'y;;';['^ '^'^ 
tioning a .-ingle thing that causes me some con- *^'"-"'"^''-'- 
t-ern. It is that these colonists after their ar- 
rival in Georgia will not have their support for 
more than six months; for, not having as yet 
any chance for a harvest, from whence could 
th.ey c;Qt the food after this time passes? Thus 
r do not believe that they would leave without 
support after the six mouths, the people of this^ 
new immigration, who are not in condition to 
make a living in so short a time. 

For as to tliose of the Augsburg confession 
Upon the upper Ehme, who will also go as coi- poing for 

' '■ ^ ' ^ Georgia. 

onists to America in order to establish them- 
selves there as neiglibors of the Saltsburghers, 
1 f^'licitate them with all my heart for the grace 
<•{■ lii- Itoyal Majesty, but I still stand by my 
h'ttrr of the 20th February, more, too, as during 
that time a great minister of the Duke of "Wort- 
• •mlinrir, who i.s well known along the Ehine, 
made nie a strong representation of the aclvan- lf,l'"Zis^L. 
tage of these people, adding that the Saltsbur- au^hmm-v ' 

udiers would regret it, if they should be mingled 
with these kinds of peo})le; that is why I give 
advice without attempting to prescribe any- 
thing, not to wait riutil the inhabitants of Ebeu- 

ers trlvt'ii. 


Colonial Records 

Letter from Sam UilspeiKer. 

ozer i^rosont ol)je(?tioii>, because the circum- 
stances of these stran.irers are altogetlier un- 
k)io\vii, and besides tliey would not be so bold 
as to object. It woukl be better not to mix them 
tog-ether, or tliat the Trustees have assurances 
of their life both as Christians and as labourers. 
For the rest I remain 

Tour very humble and 
very obedient Servant 
Smn. Urlsperger. 


27'^ April 1741. 

[On the back is:—] 

You will pardon, Sir, this mistake, made by 
him who signe<l this letter. 

P. S. 

Sir, As I am inhuitely obliged for the love 
tiiat you have shown me in the response to my 
letters, I thank also at the same time :\re?srs 
The Tntstei's as well as the Society, fur the 
kindness that tlu-y have sho^ni in furnishiug the 
expenses for the transport as far as Eottei'dam. 
I feel assured that the Societies will never re- 
pent. They bring to themselves good recruits. 
May the good God kindly direct every thing, all 
this, to His honour, to the blessing of England, 
and the safety of Ebenezer. 


Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

and deser- 
tion of 
some, anil 
actions oi 
the Si'an- 

, Vrom n. V. K. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 21.) 

Lk IT! K 1 l:'>M (JkNL. OGI.KTlIORrn TO THE TrUS- 

Tr.K.s — Iti:<:D 28 Sept 1741 
Krederica iu Georgia 2S"'. Api'il 1741. 


N'olwiliistaiuling the Sillyness & Desertion of 
-C.I/H' of onr Jnliabitauts and the underhand Eu- 
iicavoiirs of the Spaniards whose private 
Agents in Charles Town have hightned every 
uncasyncss The TovvTI contains (sic) of Free- 
lh)lders «S: there is more likelywhood of planting 
upon this Island than there has hitherto been, 
hcing about One hundred & Fifty Acres already 
I'lanted l^esides 40 Acres of clear Meadow en- 
.■;o>fd for Hay, c^- some Teams of Oxen cc 
Horses, besides a great many rideing Horses 
ino^t of E'm taken from the Spaniards. 

Tiie Desertion of the People I have been 
• •b'ii-'t-d to remedv bv filling np the Lots in the The deser- 

^ -i tion of the 

< 'i<;u-.f(l form and thereliy keep np the Guard i'«?"p'e- 
I »uty^ ^ Improvements. I still think this Prov- 
mci' is hkelior to Succeed than ever and to be- 
t'ornr a strong Frontier & usefull in furnishing -^cl iKitr 
all tho>e I'roduotions of warm Conntreys, which 
w«- liave fr(tm tlie ^liditerranean and by the rais- 
ing of them gives Support to persecuted Pro- 
t^'stants from foreign Countreys, & others who 
are vcilling to be Industrious, and do not Doubt 
to aecompiish the Ends mentioned in our first 
I'ropusnls. I have the more reason to believe 


Colonial liEcoitiv 

Genl. Oglctliuipe t< 

the Trustees. 

Utmost op. 
fnven by 
enemys of 
the XiUion 

lAith in<lu> 
trious wivi 

tliis we have had the utmost Opposition 
hoth ruhliek .\: Private that eould possibly have 
hccn uiveii hv the Euemys of tlie Nation, as well 
as hv the Idleness wiekedness & Folly of onr 
Inhabitants ^: the .Jealousy and Self Interest of 
nei-hhourin- Colonys. As God has been pleas- 
ed hitherto to overcome all these Oppositions, 
I think from thence we are much more likely 
now to Surcee.l than we were before we knew 
what Oppositions we were to receive. The 
Chief thing is to persevere »5c go on Stcadyly in 
spite of Calumny, the weak but poisoned weap- 
on of impotent Enemys. I think still as I have 
alreadv mentioned the greatest Service that can 
be done is to send over married Kecruits with 
Industrious AVives, the next is to get the Mess: 
II,)])es to send the Germans from Kotterdam 
" hith.(M-, as th.ey do to Pensilvania, The third 
without which the rest is useless is to Defend 
the Place by lioats man'd w^\ 100 ^len by the 
Highland Company for the AVoods, Two Troops 
of Pangers for the Inland Countrey, & a prop- 
er Sloop for the Coast. I have been at the 
Charge of keeping up of this a> much as I could. 
also the Supporting the Indian.-, c^ other things 
as usual. 1 think no Indevation.-, by new orders 
or Laws, or by Explanation of old one's I do 
not Doubt God would l)less these Endeavours 
with Success. AVe want here some Men tit for 
School masters, one at Frederica and one at 
the Darien al<o a Sedate an<l sober r^Iinister. 
one of some Exi-erience in the world and whoe's 
first lieat of Youth is over. These are things 

ConHKSl'ON l)K.\ CH 25 

Samuel I'erklns to the Trustees. 

1 >i;uuM ("lii<-fly tliink iiocessary. There are 
NuipluTs of tliiii.LTs wliicli I sliould write upon 
hut wwM refer you to jiiiotlier Letter particular- 
ly tlje Aeeoiiiits 

I am (ieiitleiiien 

Your very liuinljle Servant 
.James Ogletliorj)e 
Ilon'lile the Trustees. 

I Froui B. P. 11. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 


4 May 1741 Pecd 2S Sept 1741 


As I am now leaving the CoUony- I think it a 
jKirt of ray Duty, to give you a true and impar- 
tial! Aceo^ why, I am oblig'd so to do, and as Expuma- 
1 ean expect no redress from your Honours, I SonSv,:- 
do not do it by the way of complaint, but to pre- coiony'. 
vi'ut the various consstructious that both you, 
;ind those worthy Gentlemen who recommended 
!!;<• lo your Honours favours, may put upon it, 
a- v,-,!i as the Credit you may give to the sev- 
«'ra'! r<'ports you may have from these pnrts, 
(or as 1 have acted nothing but with truth and 
JioHt'sty since 1 have been here, I shall still con- 
tinu<» the same at my going away. 

I cant helj) saying Gentlemen that I expected 

to loan the Bendit of those soverall little En- K.,pnurace- 

^'ouragements, that before we left England, were lereVbef'.r 

pntnuscd to those that were industrious and i:n-.'!^nJ- 



Colonial Rkcohd 

Sahiuel Perkins lo the Trustees. 

jtHowed fur 
on* year. 

beliavM w<^II. wliicli lias boon my greatest Care 
ami Kndeavoiir.^, ever since 1 have been an In- 
liabitant liere. As appears by a Certificate my 
Neighbours are volluiitarily pleased to give me, 
as a Pledge of their good Wishes, and I thank- 
God no b<Kly can say otherways, except a cer- 
tain Gentlewoman who has often swore my des- 
struction and Ihiin, but wether she is the reasoii 
of it or no, I don't pretend to say,: 

the liist Years Provision, alloAv'd by yonr 
Honours, I am very sensible, that my self and 
Man servant did pul)lick work sufficient to an- 
swer that, and the litle Stock that was advanced 
me, which was a Cow (that soon died) a sow 
Pig, and a barron Pig, is charged to me in my 
Store aci-ount — I have also done my endeav- 
our in Planting, and was one of the first teii 
that Pflitioncd to have a Tytliing run out to- 
getlier, in order to make a fence round the 
wliole, which was granted, and wlien we had 
bestow'd u]>wards of four Months hard labour 
n]Hin it, and the fence near finish'd we were 
alaniiM tii-' >]'anlards wei'e conieing upon us, 
which oca-ion 'd i^l^ llorton (our then Govern- 
o\ir) to give Orders that not a Man among us. 
sU!'c?'"' slion'd go out (d* sight of the Town, which Or- 

town on . ,T, i'i 11 

account of dors We rcadiiv Obevd. bv which reason all 


alarms. ^|j.^^ labonr was lost, and no consideration has 

been made for it — before the next planting sea- 
son 1 ha<l Iniprov'd my self in the Knowledge 
of lands, and found that there are good and bad 
here as wpH as in other parts, and that I had 
not abov^' one Acker (sic) u]">on my great Lott 

One of fir*;* 
t«n to I'lit 
up fence. 

Order.« pivcn 
for no one 

Correspondence 27 

Samuel Pertiins to the Trustees. 

fi);;t would :ins\vor ])lantinir, upon which, I iii- 
tii*-;y rh-arM my jivo acker Lott which ])rov'd 
U< 1m- i/ctt.T Land, and 1 fenced and planted, as 
jiiijcii as my >clt* and Man could manage, and 
so have continued every Year And am now 
leavinir a (.'roi> upon the Ground of several 
kin<ls. As well as Oranire trees. Peach trees .Jcc. 
I liad allso rais'd me a very good Stock of 
Il.'-g<, but after the fortifications round the were lu'-un, an Order was Issued by bis 
Kxcfilency, that no hoggs should be kept in the 
town, upon which I sent mine to my litle Planta- 
tion, but after they had been there about six 
Months, they by chance stray'd to town, and 
iK-fore I had notice given me, there 3 sows big 
with pig, and 3 ]>arrones Shott, by one of your 
Honours Servants, the rest I gott home, tbo a 
Srrvant of the Gen"', was sent to Shoot them 
as I vras getting them into my Yard, and all my 
otiier Hoggs which were out in the T^'oods, are 
all kill'd since the Soldiers came to be in this 
town, which has made an end of that sort of 


It w;is Gentlemeu from the Character my ree- 

< «>:n('nders gave me, that your Honours appoint- 

• ■d nie a Magistrate of this place, in which Sta- magiatrat* 
lion I allways acted according to the best of my 
knowledge, without any Views of Interestt, fear, 
favour, or AlVection, but that Action which T, 
in Conjunction with M'. .Moore have accpiainted 
vour Hon", off, has brought such a number of 

< oppressions upon me that has render'd me in- "'«**«• 
•apable of bearing anv more of them, anil has 


CoLOXi.vii Record 

A PorUlns to the Trusti-es. 


..-ainM HI.' so iniic-h di^splcasuro that I find it 
•n>,posMl.U' tn reconcile tlic alTnir, with all the 
suhmi^sioiis 1 have, or eaii make 

1 raii-t help ae.iuaintin- your Hon-, that 
anions invv.rious eiuleavours, 1 Purehas'd irn^ 
a l>errvaii-re, and went Master of her my self, 
I ^vas in Florida the Expedition m De--. 
\nd I was there all the la>t Expedition, but liv- 
in.>- there so lon^', the worms eat the lower plank 
of'^niv Perrvauun-e so much that it was with dif- 
l-u-ultv she wa. hro'. home, and then not reeeiv- 
in'.' inv i>av as others did, was incapable of re- 
palriiiu- her and she now lies quite rotten and 
nnlitt for service, there is for this, and other 
work dor.<. with lier, upwards of £60 due to me, 
1 luive al!><». for the Kent of a House which was 
rlM.iriy hllM with Isin-s Stores £36 duo to me, 
l" have likrwls.e other .Mon.'v due to me. for 
(iood> Dellv.rM to M\ llorton and his Orders, 
lor Your ]\vir\ I'se, which makes my demands (»f .i:l."><X 

there A]>pear-^ a,-ain<t me besides my Store 
\,.,-o'. of Provi-ions, a ])ut< ii family which 
('a].t\ Thompson hro'. over, they consisted of 
a Man, hi^ ^Vi|•.^ a son al)ont 10 and a Daughter 
of 7 years of A'_n.. tlie woman died in a fortnight, 
which hapt.en'd iu-fore 1 ]>ad gave Bond, after- 
Bono ..en Ward. I .avc a bond of £l7..10.. for the other :^ 
fa'muy""'"" the old man h.-ing never capable of doemg me a 
days work, liv'd about 7 or S Months and then 
\)'u'd. i'.r tin- care of wliom, I paid W. Hawkins 
for Vi^-it- and Physick near t:4.. the little girll 
..n^.y ( !..;iilii!!'.-. s'.-ln.olin- :ind other Expences 

Correspondence 29 

Samuel Perkins to the Trustees. 

Capt. Dess- 

WvW alt'tut ]'2 liuiiitlis i\nd tlicii slio died, so that 
I i-nly i;av.' tho son l(>l"t, i\i\<] liiui I am forc'd to 
i< ,,\.' i.fiiind willioiit any cdiLsidciation, noitlier 
rat) I uett uji my P)oiul tlio all my Money's Stopt, 
licilluT t-an J gL'tt my Acco". settled, tlio ^IT. 
Ji'iifS used the uttmost of liis endeavours all the 
tiiae lit' was at P^rederica but have been often 
u.-ll Informed, that I'm never to be paid. 

] .oii'd (leijtlcmen have lived here without 
til. it iiionry, had I not been prevented from get- 
lifj-j- my br<'ad by my ov.^n hands Labour in sev- 
eral different ways, I have allso been hindred 
from lotting my houses, Capt" Dessbrisay after 
ii'.' had lodg'd with me some time, left me, I sent 
a J.ctter to hija, to ask what I had done that 
occasion 'd liim to leave me, I have his answer 
now by me in writeing', that his reason was, he SvlTto the 

, -, TA- 1 T • /- 'Jentlemen 

won d not Dissoohge at the same time the Gen- '>»' feeResi- 

■^ nient to 

tlemen of the Regement were forbid comeing to re"r'i<?ns^^'"' 
my house, nay, even speaking to me 

by this Gentlemen (if 3'ou'll give Creditt to 
•u ^at is nothing but truth, and is too well known 
in Uiis Collony) you'll plainlly see I'm forced f 


au-ay, nmch against my Inclinations — ]\Iy Aoco'\ '^^^^^ 
unscttlt'd, upwards of £-A0: due, when all the 
Si or*' demands are Sattisslied — 

I am not insen.eilile how good your Hon'', 
liavf? been to some, in makeing easy that heavy 
I'urtbi.n of a Store Debt, a.nd as I am forced 
'" u'o to Charles town to seek my bread, or stay 
• •■"• iind >tarv(\ I humblv subniitt to vour ITon'' 

"orceil awa 


(i.fT ^'i-Alfiii /.111 

30 Colonial, Records 

Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

iroodnoss to consider this my hard Ca^e, and 
net. as it sei'ineth int'ct to your Hon". 

Most ])utyfull and 
obedient Ser*. 

Sam'. Perkins. 


4"- Mav 1741 

(Prom li. V. \l. O., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 


Frederica ()"', May 1741. 


I >ond you enclosed the List of tlie Widdows 
w'id.iows at now at Dari'-n, and also the l^eceij^t for the Pav 


of the 'I'roop of Highland IJanger.s, 'M'. ]\[aekay 
,^ . ,, v.liM i- ('a;4;i:n of tl^^rn was Fnsicj-n and Over- 

overseer ..r -"'''''i" »^'f tlic \\»>rks at S*. Atidrcws in tlio Trus- 
Andrew^s.' tees ."^^tM-vhi', iHid held that place with thirty 
.Men. when tin* Spanianls attem})ted the Inva- 
sion of this l^rovinoe, with a great Xnml>er of 
Men in th<> yt-ar 17."17. 1 ho}>e he vrill have all 
Dispatch in liis Alfairs having waited with great 
I^ati.'nce till the Commissioners had Leasure to 
report upon lUs Aceonnts. M'. Jones has prom- 
ised to send the report by Capt". Thomson to 
which gi\«' nic leave to refer von. 


Genl. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

I send also enclosed to the Trustees Copy of 
the Proceedings relating;" to a Ae2:ro blave seiz- the seizure 

of a nepro 

ed at Frederica and some Examinations which |!*^;fer?ca 
the Germans Desired to be taken here, also a 
Certificate for the Cloathing of the Eegiment 
for M^ Fury. 

Doctor Hawkins tells me that he has sent 

1 • -TA T 1 • 1 Demands 

vou Vouchers to prove his Demands which when of or. 

^ ^ Hawkins. 

he sent his last Accounts to the Trustees he did 
not think it was necessary to trouble them with, 
but offered them at Savannah. I do well Imow 
that he has attended the Sick very carefully and 
that he constantly went up to Darien when I 
was here, and suj^pose he did so when I was not. 
It is no little thing to g'O in open Boats in all 
Weathers near Twenty Miles & no small Ex- 
pence to hire ^len and Boats, but these things 
will appear more fully from the Evidences he 
has sent over and Desire you would put them in 
a clear light to the Trust for tho' he is very 
Capable of Doing his Duty as Surgeon he is 
very Ignorant in Accounts 

I am Sir 

Your very humble Servant 

James Oglethorpe. 

To M". Harman A'ereist. 


32 Colonial Records 

Mr. AiiKspoiirg^ier's Letter to Monsieur Verelst. 

(From r>. l\ n. (), B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

:Mn. Av(.m'ol'i:guei;'s Lkttkk to Monsieur — A AVestmixster London. 

Berne le 7. May 1741. 


p:n lieiu.iuc a Slioneiir de la votre jay Celuy 
(le voiir lirmercier iioiir toute les peines quo 
Vous avuz avec Moy, et pour lo bonto de votre 
attention pour cm- fjui me regarde, je vous assure 
(juo jell vui> tres Seiisibk', ct uii ^filioii de fois 

Jc \\)!i> prie aussi d 'avoir la ^leme bonte, 
de bioii voulloir faire mes humbles Complimt de 
IJcHicir'niii ;iu\ IloiiornbJe les Trustees, pour la 
favt'ur (\u IN ont bieu voullie ^faccorder uue 
])ruloni;atioii. d'absceuce do la Province de 
(Joori;ia <l ma Plantation, je Vous prie de les 
assurer de ma parfaitte obedianee et bone In- 
tention, pom- Lau,i,nneutation des avautages de 
c-ctle li!n-tic (sic) Soieetet. (sic) cV: la ditte 

II \a (lUri.jiK's ouviers qui ont travaille sous 
nion Inspections, par ordre de Monsieur le Gen- 
eral O'^U'tl'.orpe, plusieus (sic) anee, au Services 
des llonora'-''" les Trustees, et <pu ont ette de- 
ebaru'c iivc^ .Moy 1788 Sans les payer, les quel> 
niont done avis quils ne lett;iient pas eueor 
astein, jay done pris la liberte de adresser la 
prescntc ^nplication, i)ou)- prior les dits seig- 

Correspondence 33 

Mr. Aupsijourguer's Lttfr to Monsieur Verelst. 

Ti.'uis. '1<' voulloir ordoiier (ju'on pave ces 
•'it'ivrr^ (iciis, rini out Tiiit leur devoir en 
hr:;vi-- t-n t<.iil U-iwa et inerite bion leur Salnrie 
A. i>ay»*int, jc voiis prie done ^[onsieiir de }>re- 
n'uter la ditto Suplication a vos Superieurs, et 
vous Kcooniaude Lintercst de Ses pauvres 
KnlKdirenrs, qui ^ont la pliispart de mes Coni- 
p;itriottcs, jespore que cete Honorable Clianibre 
i,<' voudra ]ia.s doner l\aison a de plainte qui 
r rroit au^si juste, a faute de payem', et qu ils 
aJDiitfiit lois (bie) a ce que je peux attestor de 
bone Coneience etre la pure verite. 

Je vous prie aussi tres limnblemt de bien voul- 
loir faire Expedier Linclure pour la Georgie par 
le jtremier Pacquet qui sera envoye ^ ee pay 

(V '^ont des Instructions pour mes Domes- 
tique.s En quoy vous obligerez infiniment seluy 
<jui a Shoueur detre avec une Considration et 
K-time tres parfaitte 

Votre tres humble et tres 
obeisant Serviteur 
Samuel Auglpourguer 

I Add reused 1 

Moii.sirur Vereist 

u W»'stininst«r London 


1 ; 



Colonial Kecoros 

Mr. Samuel AuKspourRucr to Mr. Verelst. 


(Transhitioii of foregoing paper.) 

Berne, ^^lay 7^ 1741, 

tion of 
thanks to 
the Trustees 
for favor 

uni>a.i(J for 


In reJi)on.->e to the honor of yours, I have that 
of thanking you for nil the troul)le that you 
have had with me; and, as for the of 
your attention foi- whatever concerns me, I as- 
sure you that I am very sensil)le of it and a 
million times obliged. 

1 pray you also to have the same kindness in 
I)resentiug my humble compliment of thanks to 
the Ifonorabl(> Trustees for the favor that they 
have l)eeu willing to accord to mo a prolonga- 
tion of alisence from the province of Georgia 
and my plantation. T i>ray you to assure them 
of my jjerfei-t obedience and good intention for 
tlie augmentation of the advantages of that 
illustrious Soi-iety and for the said province. 

Tliere are some workmen who have worked 
uiulrr my inspection ])y tlie order of General 
Ogletiiorjx- \'vi- sev(M-aI years in the service of 
the Honorable Trustees, and who have been 
discharged with me since 17*)S without l)eing 
paid, who have advised me that they have not 
yet obtained anything. I have therefore taken 
the liherty of addressing the present supplica- 
tion in order to i»ray the said gentlemen to kind- 
ly order that these poor peo{)le be paid, wlio 
liave done their <luty well in every time and 
have merited well the payment of their sala- 

Correspondence 35 

Mr. Samuel Augspourguer to Mr. Verelst. 

ries. I beg- you then, Sir, to present the said 
supplication to your supenors, and I recom- 
mend to you the interest of their poor labour- 
ers, who, are for the most part, my fellow coun- 
trjinen. I hope that this honourable body will 
not wish to give reason for complaint, which 
would be just in fault of payment, and that they 
give credit to what I can testify to in good con- 
science as the pure truth. I also bog you very 
Immbly fo be so kind as to hasten the enclosed 
for Georgia by the first packet which shall set 
forth to that country. 

They are instructions for my servants, in 
doing which you will infinitely oblige one who 
has the honour of being, with very perfect con- 
sideration nnd esteem, ^ s-'^r>>« r-t-r-* 

-- Your very humble and 

very obedient Servant, 
^'Sanmel Auglpourgiier. 

To >P. Verelst, 
Westminster— London. 

'Supposed A ugs])oui'giier. 

"xi 0} -{Mffiini 

.-f}; /^nlT 

roJ — £ 


Colonial Kecords 

John KiillowficM. Sui'ix.scd to he to the Trustees. 

( I'^ioui I^. P. K. 0., r>. of T., Geor^a, Vol. 22.) 

Lkttkr fho.m John Fallowkield Supposed to be 
TO Tin: Trl'.stef^s. 

Savimnali :\Iay y^ S". 1741. 


rofuseit to 
.sh.iw pafK-r 
him to own 
a Mioop. 

]\lay it please Your Honours 

As I have always thought it my Duty to ac- 
(luaint tiio Honour"* Board with any perticular 
^[atter, or thiii^::,^ that seems to me Worthy of 
there Notice, Kther in respect of ray Office as a 
Magestrate, or as Collector of the Port of 
Savannah. This is therefore, to acquaint your 
Honours, Tiiat on the 2G of April, Patrick 
Mackay of this place, Brought in to this River, a 
S!v)op cVc Carried her to his Plantation, VNiiieh is 
Opposite to this Town, on y^ Carrolina Side, 
Forty Eight hours Expired «Jc he came not to 
Shew his P;ipers as he Ought according to Law, 
irpou w^^ I Callwl on him, k Denmuded his 
CicaraTict' from the Last Port he had heen in, he 
told iiu' in Answer That his W'ssell was lying at 
his own Plantation in Carolina & he Hid not 
Inuigine, I had any Power there, so would show 
me no papers and that if I olTt;red to search or 
Seize his \'essol he would I'^'pell me By Force, 
I informed him that the AVhole Eiver was in 
Georgia and if he Continued Obstinate, I .>lionld 
be ol)ligo<I to Seize his Sloop, not knowing what 
Contrahand Tra<les he might have heen Em- 
ph)ye<l in. a!id that if Even in Carrolina as he 
said, T'"'' ^ vras Possitive to the Contrary, I 

Correspondence 37 

John Fallowiield. Supposed to be to the Trustees. 

wotilH Act in his Majesty* Behalf, Xo Offcier of 
th.' Cii-tonis UAivj; Nearer y° Port Royall in 
Carrulina v.-\ is 1(H) Miles Distant, However as 
I jnn Willini;: to i>i\)ceed in eveiy affair with 
Due reicunisi)eetion, and as I always liave & 
-itill will Continue to Be Extreamly Tender with 
rnspect to all rig-hts, priveledges, Jurisdiction, 
& j.rerou'atives belonging to your Plonours, I 
applyd to Coll. Stephens to know his Opinion of coi. steph- 

. _ -^ ens' opinioR 

tlu' aflair. havmi;- no instructions irom lour on the 

' *- subject. 

If on"", how far this District Extends, But he 
rould give me no Certain Information, and Ad- 
viseil the Inclosed agreement, By which the 
Honorble Board will observe, this Matter is 
fmediately referd to y^ General, yet I am Sen- 
sible the whole Affair must come before Your 
TTon". before it can be finaly dotennined, there- 
fore I thought it my duty to give this timely 
Intimation of the Same, & Likewise to accquaint 
your Ilon*^. that it will be of Vast disadvantage 
to y*. Public, & Likewise to this Port of Savan- 
nah, if the Xorth Side of the River is excluded 
out of this District for if so Yessells may Come 
in & go Out Without Clearance or Certificate 
Load Kice & other Enmnerated Oomodities, & 
Carry the same to Countrys & Ports contrary 
ti) the Laws of the Bealni there being on the 
CaiTolina shore many IJice plantations & daily 
Pincreasing, I Beg Your Hon" will send me f^iu^^f^^n 
Orders & Instructions how ik. in what Manner I ^'''"°""^' 
>hall proceed For the future in Cases of tliis' 
Nature, ,S: how far this Kiver, is with in the 


Colonial. Becords 

Mr. Jones to GenL Oglt;thoipe. 

Jurisdiction of this Port. 1 am Y-our Most 
Obedient liinnb'" Serv'. 

Jolin Fallowfield 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter from Mr. Jones to Genl. Oglethorpe — 
Kecu 14 XovR. 1741 

Savannah 13"^: May 1741 

A sloop 
from New 

York witli 
flour and 
other i)ri) 

Baillon and 
Miller also 
landed with 
flour and 
other pro. 

A bag of 
cotton and 
four clocks. 


A Sloop from Xew York (Fleetwood Mast'.) 
arrived liere last week w"'. Flower & other Pro- 
visions Consigneil to ^P. ^linis : Col Stephens & 
Self tho'. it neces.-ary to buy y^ Cargoe, tlio' 
very dear (liavin.^- Iiitherto not being able to 
procure any Jndian Corn, Pice nor Peas at any 
rate) The Flow^: (w''': is the finest that I ever 
saw bro': from X: York) Cost 15 p r^ C If 
your Excellency wo': have any part of the Car- 
goo sent to Fred*: your Orders therein shall Ite 
punctually (.bcy'd — Baillon and Miller have 
also some Flow' : and other Goods consigned to 
them & Land' :, here- w'" : have not 3'et seen, they 
ask a larger jtrice for the same — 

I have V* ^^^'^^ Conveyance sent (und'. the 
Care of Donner 6c Fitzwalter) a Bag of Cotton 
left w"': me by Docf: Graham, & also four 
Clocks, in a Case from the German Clock maker 
at Ebenezer for yo*": Excellence, W": hope will 
come safe. 

Correspondence 39 

Mr. Jones to Genl. OKlethorpe. 

Joseph Barker at Ebeiiezer Cowpeii, Apply 'd 
to Col: Stephens and .my Self for assistance to BanfJ]- of 
hunt the Cattle (w^": we cannot procure him cXe'nap 

T- \ TT A T 1 plies lor as- 

here) He told us that two expert woodmen had ^'stance to 

^ hunt cattle. 

offered to Engage themselves with their own 
Hoi-ses in y': Service for £16 Curr^: ^ ]\P: w"": 
we tho' : best to comply w'^ : on this Emergency 
at least till we co'': receive more particular 
directions therein from yo"": Excell': 

M"" "Wiggins has Bro': a Stock of Cows c^- 
Young Cattle lately from Carolina to Mount Mr. vvig?in.s 
Pleasant, and designs soon to settle another -settle a cow- 

- pen at Bry- 

Cowpen at Bryers Creek proposed to Jn^ Eay ''" ^'"^^'^ 
to be partner w'^: him therein. M'. ^Mathews 
keeps two or three Cattle hunters — on the other 
Side how far the Trust' : Interest may be affect- 
ed by either I know not I am informed by the 
People that went from hence w'-': Cap': Dun- 
bar to mount Pleasant that while they tarried 
there Wiggiu sent his Men out to kill a Steer & 
Calf TV'" : they bro* : home he Wigg:ins had never 
a Steer or yet a Calf fitt to kill among his Cattle 
bro': from Carolina. 

On the ir*': Instant in the Aft^nioon AV"^: 
Ewen who is Mai"": Domo to Cap^- Mathews ^la/r. D^mo' 

'' ^ to Capt. 

came to me at the Store to Demand a Debt due to ^^^thews. 
Edw^: Jenkins hav^: left the Affid': (a Copy of 
'tt^": I have enclosed) ^vith me sometime before I 
return**: him in Answer what then Occurr*^: to 
me — Ewen told me that the Queen Tenorky 
wanted a Bl of Flow': & Bl Biscuit — he went 
also to Colonel Stephens jic made the same de- 
mand Alledging that vonr E.xcell": had order'd 


40 Colonial Kkcords 

Mr. Jones lo Genl. Oglethorpe. 

it — I l)ei:: leave to nc(i': yo'': Excellence that 
Tenorky the Queen w": otiier Ind'": had l>een 
at the Store that morning & had reced 10' floW: 
20' Bi.V. 2 Gall Moloss^: :J Call: 3 Q'^: beer in 
a Cask — 1': Tobacco W**: things they had c^irr**: 
with them hom(» — That there lias not been 
above the Q'" of a Bl of Flow^: (sic) by or 
Issued to the ^nd•^ in the Space of two Years 
past Out of the Store. 

I must Kntreat yo': Excell' : further to Allow 

me to Kf[>resent to you what relates to 

Relative to Jeukius 's I Jeiiiaud of me ; He, before he went to 

Jenkins's />. i. , •i^ ■\ • /i ^i«4 . 

demand. Carohua, took Willi lum a voppy of his Acco : 
w'*" : the Trustees to w*"*" : he iiiade no Objections 
whereby it apjtear'd he was indebted to the 
Trust": abov<' i::To .sterling — T imagine by this 
Affid': (w-^^: 1 ovrn I do not rerfectly under- 
stand, having never seen any writing in English 
under the hand of a ^iagistrate that equal'd it 
excepting one writ by our late Record*": and 
another who writes himself Precep': Bailiff in 
this Colony, Coppys of l)oth w^: I have by me) 
that their dt^si-ii is to Sjxldle me with all their 
pretended Claim.- on the Tru.-tce.^. — 

To his Ex<M.ll '. Gen' Oglethorpe 


AVm. Stephens to Harman Verelst. 

(From B. P. K. O., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter from W.m. Stephens Esqu. to Mr. Har- 
man Verelst Accomptaxt to the hoxorablk 
Trustees for establishixg the Coloxy of 
Georgia. Recd 20 July 1741 These 

r Eed ] 

I Seal J 

Savannah 13 'Slav, 1741. 

My last was of the 4"' nlt'"°, with the usual 
papers enclosed (viz) Coppy of my Journal to 
that day, & Coppy of my letter preceding. I am 
now to acknowledge your favour of the 9''" of 
Feb : w*** had the quickest passage of any for a 
long while past ; for it came to my hands here 
on the 25 Apr: but I was soiTy to find by it, the 
different Success another from you of the 17 
Dec hasniet with (w " you rofer ine to) that has 
not yet made its way hither; & I begin to fear 
now it never will; to my grief; for no other dis- 
appointments here, can create in me so mucli If^j^ to 
disquietude of mind, as an apprehension of our co^e^ ^'^ 
Correspondence being interrupted; & by lueans ^^"^^ 


of letters passing irregailar & uncertain, many 
mischiefs possibly arising, W^ one would wish 
to prevent: and that Anxiety is grown much 
more, from your telling mo, y' the State of the 
Colony, so long expected from me, was not yet 



Colonial Records 

Wm. Stephens to Harman Veielst. 

"The Im- 
partial Kn- 
quir>-," a 

writer of 

arriv'd where you \\-rote your last: but still I 
would fain not torment my self with the Imagi- 
nation that twas utterly lost, but might yet 
reach you timely enough to be of some little use. 
in sui)i)orting the Tnith of what has been affec- 
ted in relation to this Colony. I may say in 
great sincenty, that my heart went with it;'and 
I am no ways doubtfull, y' the most prejudiced 
Opposers of what is there insisted on, are able 
to imi)each the least little of it as an Untruth. 
AVith your letter I also reC^ the Impartial 
Eurjuiry, into the State and Utility of the Pro- 
vmee of Georgia, that you was pleased to send 
me, lately publivlied: which is so well drawn up; 
that r conceive, veiy little I could offer to thj 
I>erusal of y- Publick, would make it more e^^- 
dent than is there done, how truly valuable this 
Place must in few years become, udtli respect to 
the JJenelit of its :\Iother Country, as well as 
the defence of other Provinces from their Ene- 
niys in the South; against whom it is the onlv 
])roper Barrier. I must ho])e to l)e allowd a 
little Vaiiily lu.u-ever; for that I iind mv Bro- 
tln.r i\nuinUT and i have both drawn water out 
of the same Fountain, .^ inters]>ersed as much 
of It as we found answerd our purpose: but I 
nmst not expert from thence, to claim the like 
merit, ue stand alone; nor compare mv 
weak reasoning with that Masterlv Stvle which 
I read in \n< Kn.iuiiy: nevertheless what is 
wantin- m Art. for the Support of divers thin-. 
by >mo a^M^rted: I have cndeavourd to make 
good by as short argument as possible, & I hope 

Correspondence 43 

VTm. Stephens to Harman Verelst. 

valid; namely Affidavits to the Tmth of sundry 

particular Positions, laid down by the persons 

themselves; as well as a most solemn attestation 

of the whole; w"' a certain number set their 

hands to, who were truly unbyassd; & who 

ought to be supposed equally concerad for their 

own Interest, as others who so eagerly opposed 

what we jojmed in: and it is with the utmost 

impatience we now wait to learn how far our 

Endeavours have been approved of; »fc what has 

been the Event of that Enquiry, carried on with 

so much acrimony before the Parliam', by an useJr^ify an 

angiy Sett of people; who you was pleased to pe^e.^^*^ ^'^ 

inform me- had made use of my Son, among 

others, to be an Unhappy Sollicitor. 

On the 6 of this month I rec'' your other 
Packet; the Contents whereof I have noted in some vine 
my Journal of that days date; to which there- received. 
fore I ask leave to refer; w^here T al-o take not- 
ice of the rec^ of a large parcell of Vine Cuttings, 

I am really ashamed not to have given a good 
account in so long time, of M''. AVatt's affair: account of 
which nevertheless 1 have not been unmindfull affair. 
of; but I fear you'll think me too remiss: and 
to l>e free of blame wholly, I see no other remedy 
but downright using such means as the Law 
directs, and the Letter of Attorney empowers 
me, which you sent from the Widow: but I 
would yet avoid that, if it could be; otherwise, 
if nothing will do but compulsion, I shall think 
the right course to be taken, will be to bring the 

44 CoLONLU. Records 

Saml. Davison to the Karl of IC-rniont. 

matter before the Court, »S: let a Jury detemiiiie 
the Quantum that is due. 

Not readily finding matter sufficient to extend 
tliis letter to a greater length : more especially 
since in my Journal herewith, I have the pleas- 
ure of relating so full an account, of what pro- 
The year's grcss we make this year in our Improvements 
r^ert in silk about Silk and AYine; far hevond anv thing 

and wine. _ ' ' _ ^ 

formerly; which I hope will give some satisfac- 
tion to the honorable Trustees : I conclude 

Your very humble Servant 

Will : Stephens. 

To M". Ilarman Verelst 

(From H. P. ix\ O., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter from Saml. Davison to the Eicnr 
IIoN^^^' The Earl of Egmont at his Houst 
IK Pelmell London Recd 11 Dec^\ 

Black j 



Fre<lerica :\[ay 16: 174 T 

IVIay it please y': Lordship 

I had the Honour of receiving your Lordships 
kind Letter, for wliich I can never be thankfull 

Correspondence 45 

Saml. Davison to the Eiirl of Ei^mont. 

enough and for your minding- me at So great a 
distance, I rec^: a letter from W: Verelst in 
wliicli lie acquaints me that you and the rest of 
the Ilon^'". The Trustees have l)een So good to rreed from 

debt to the 

free me of mv debt to v'. Store, which has much Trustees- 


enabled me to do for my Family, — as to Suf- 
fering any disorderly meeting or Late hours to 
be keept in my house, I never did and hope never 
Shall, but on the Contrary will to the utmost of 
my power follow y'" : Lordships kind Advise beg- 
ing god Grace to assist me. 

My Lord I dont by way of Complaint Ac- 
quaint you that I laid down being Constable at salary 
Michaelmas 17-1-0 for non payment of two quar- 
ters Salaiy according to the Establishment, 
then not having rec*^: y'': Lordships letter nor 
the Tiiistees- which I did not receive till y" 30''' 
of Nov : last,— 

His Excellency was So good to offer me a 

I)ai(i for 
yervices as 

Commission for being Collector and another for 
Sarcher with a Sallaiy' of £35 t^ Ann™, annext 

sion a.s 

to them, but the Oathes were so Strict that I refused. 
was not able to take them thinking ray Self not 
able to perforin tliom I ho])e you and the rest 
of the Hon'"- : The Trustees will not Tm|jute it to 
any Slight of y': Seiwices, for I Shall always 
think it an Plonour to Serve your Lordship or 
them in the meainest Station I hope I shall al- 
ways behave So as not to be blamed by So kind 
a Benifactor, as y"" Lordship and the rest of the 
Hounourable Tinistees — 

I had from M". ^Martyn a Letter advising that 
the Trustees had revock'd my being overseer of ^^j;^y';i';^7J ""^ 
their Ser'^:, — 

46 Colonial Eecords 

Death of 


John Brownfleld to Harman Verclst. 

I lieartily pray for your Lordship and my 
I^idy, and the rest of your Nohle familys health, 
and I a^n with hunihlo Submission 
Y'. Lordsliips 

Most DutyfuU Ser'. 

Sam". Davison 

P. S I make boUl to acquaint y"". Lordship that 
mv vounerest Son dved last Aus' — 

(From B. P. P. ().. B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 
Letter from John- Browxfield to Me. Harmax 


MixsTER Pkci). 14 August 1741 

"jr* th>' Per,i;ii^sus } ' 

L'apt. i'ertterson \ 



Savannah Mav 2S ■' : 1^41 


1 receiveil hist Week your Letter of Dec/: 17'' : 
written to me hy Order of the Trustees. Be 
pleased to ac-iuaint them with the Contents of 

Li tlie Fi'bniary before last I was so ill as to 
be incapa)>h' of perform'': my Duty of Pegister 


John Brownfield to Harman Verelst. 

of the Province & tliereforo thoDght it host to 

let the Ti-iistees know (as I did) liow it was peKor^'"" 

with nie lest their Desii'-us should in any deiiTee iiesis\ni> 

■-^ « ^. on account 

have been hindered tliro' my Illness. And when °^ '""^''-^• 
I received from Colonel Stephens some time 
after an Account of such Lands as he had taken 
Minutes of it was my hearty purpose to have 
made a compleat Return thereof l^- indeed of all 
the granted Lands in the Province to my Bene- 
factors the Trustees Yet my Illness came on 
again &■ prevented me but did not however tmake 
me lay aside my purpose for a considerable 
time. At length I was more & more convinced 
that it behoved me to let the Trustees know how 
the Registership was delayed But T afterwards 
thouglit it best to wait a little cVc so time slipt 
away till about August when my "Wea.Icness grew 
upon me c^- I was obligeil for -ome .Months to 
get help for writing my coiimion Business. — 
Indeed at this time I ought more especially to 
have acquainted the Trustees how that it was 
impossible for me to go on with their TTork: 
But having told Col : Stephens of my inability &: 
relying on hi< writing to theui an account of it 
T was giiilty of the neglect which you seem to 
tax me with It deseiwes blame & I desire the 
Tmstees will pardon me. ^fy ])resent low state 
of health keeps me still unfit for their Seiwice 
altho I am not unmindful of their favours to me. 
Accept Sir of my Thanks for the trouble you 
have taken in wiiting to • 

, Your unworthy vServant 

J. Brown field 


Colonial Records 

John Calwell to Hat-man Vcrelst. 

(From P.. v. K. (>., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Lkiti-.k FitoM John C.\l\vell to the Trustkf.s 

^.\t.c,,TA\T^ Mit. Harm AX X'erf.lst, Esq^\ 


] Red I 

i Wax ! 
J Sea]. J 

ed lo the 

the Revd. 
Mr. Xorrice. 

Obliged to 
hold courts 
in public 


The 8"' ot" i)o(•eml>^ 1740 I begg'd leave to have 
a Peiitioii to the lion'". The Trustees of Geor- 
gia reeoiiieiided through y'. Hands. The Favour 
tlie IJev'. M", Xorrice does me in carrying this, 
gives ijic an o[)portunity of mentioning again 
my former request & address to them, as '}.l\ 
Xoriirt' k(u»\v> me & the constant attention lV' 
Faithfuhiess I have used in the ot!ice of a 
trate 1 hope his rccomendation will have some 
weiglit *5c Iiitluence to obtaine what I believe the 
Hon"'". Tni<tt'es have allways Intended for me. 
Since the tirst settlement of this i)lace I have 
re<''. but iifteen Poun(V. Ste'. to this time; M' 
Jones whome we were told was to make Pay- 
ment of tlio Publick Money specified in y^ Esti- 
mate of the Kxpence for the Southern part of 
thi< ("oloiiy denies to have rec'. ]\Ioney for that 
purjM>.-<> or j);iying it at all, so that we are still 
at a loss whome to apply to for it. I have been 
led into a irrfnt many p]xtraordinary Inconven- 
iences v'v Kxjiences for a long time by being ob- 
liged to hold Courts in a publick house when 
thert' was none erected for that purpose. I 


Genl. Oslethoipe to the Trustees. 

hope yon will recomeiid my ra>o to the Hon'"^ 
Tiiistees as you have Access to their Ear. T aiu 
Sir your very Hunihle Serv'. 

John Cahvell. 

Frederica Mav 30'\ 1741 

(From B. P. E. 0.. B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter from Genl Oglethorpe to the Trus- 
tees Recd 28 Sept. 1741 

Frederica 29"\ June 1741 


Upon Hearing- of an unfortunate accident 
happened at the Camp do-^n at the South end b€ 

A quarrel 

of this Island of a Quarrel between Cap'. Des- brisay &" 

brisay & Cap'. ISTorbury, I wrote inmiediately to 
Lieu^ Col°. Cook and he spoke to the Major who 
sent me the Enclosed Letter, on which I wrote 
to ]\[rs. Xorhury, of which a Copy is Enclosed. 
The Magistrates ordered a Jury being the 
Coroners Inquest to sit upon the Body who 
found the matter ^Linslaughter. One who was 
upon the Coroners Inquest went down to Port 
Royal that W Norl)ur3- might be informed of 
the whole, and T received answers from otbcr 
People to whom I wrote, but had none from ^I". 

In the mean time one Court Day came on and 
the ^fa2:istrates would not hrinof on the Trval 



Colonial Rf.cords 

Genl. ORlothori'e to the Trustees. 

Capt. Des- 
founn gailty 
of xneji- 


of Captain Desbiisay that there might be time 
for M'* Norbury to send up on which Capt". 
De.sbrisay a}»plyVl to be Bailed till the next 
Court Day. x\nd on th(» V of June being Court 
Day tlie Grand Jury found a Bill against Cap'. 
I)e.-!)risay ui^on Avhieh he was tried, and found 
guilty of Man Slaughter. Some time after his 
Tryal, M". X(»rl)ury came up, 6: 1 send you Copy 
of ln'r Letters ;ind my Answers Enclosed, She 
refuse.-? to bring any f^vidence against any Per- 
son liere as also to Connnence, any Action for 
tiie Lo.>8 of her Husband, but seems to insist 
upon Trying Cap* Desbrisay again in another 
Countrey. The :\Iagistrates olfcred lier the 
Liberty of u>iiig any IJecords, or Evidence of 
the former 1'ryal here, and to Examine any 
IN'rson, or to commence any new Suit, that 
u\\'j:ht be L.-iwfuUy done, but She seeins entirely 
l«> Com. Mini all Authoritys Derived from the 
Charter. 1 bt-lieve tlie Afagistrates will .send 
Home the full Proceedings to you. All the 
( 'olonys in America try Criminal matters finally 
in I ho Colony. cV: if this or any other was De- 
o!iv.-d of that Previiedge tu- oppression of 
twM-o biin- pul into jeopardy of their Lives «S: 
<-arrying W itnosscs so far upon Expences would 
1h» too groal for the Subject, to sulfer. my 
Opiiii,,n wa< that if she thought there was any 
Injustic*' or omi.ssion of Evidence in the Tryal 
of Caj)'. De.sbrisay which was for the loss of the 
Kings Subjr.t. She might try him in the Colony 
for the lo.--! of hrr Husband, and lieing upon the 
Sj)ot might have the Benefit of all Witnesses 
witliout K.\priu-e. but I believe -he is verv Sen- 


Cent. O;;lethorpo to th<? Trustees. 

»il»u» that the Tiyal was very fu!!, »S: sooiiis by 
tito rcinoval of tlio Tryall only to intend to ]>nt 
!!;<• Persons .she would attacli to l']xponees and 
to ('(r;!i]ia^s -onic otluT end. 

As the Prt'.vidcnt of rcniovinic Criminal 
'l'r\a!s aftt-r Sentence, and })uttinijc ^len twice in;.j<ly of tlieir Lives would not only Distroy 
thiv Colony but also be an Injustice to the Peo- 
pU* iicre 1 must J.)esire you would have this 
I'uitt.T well Kn<(uired into, and would Desire 
fliaf M' 'l'()wers, and the other Lawyers wlio are 
of the Trust would consider of it, and whether 
it would not be best to take the Attorneys 
Solicitor (Jenerals opinion thereupon 

'Jlie Cliarter gives l^ower to tlie Trustees c^- 
they to these Courts, to try all Matters, Capital 
or not Capital and to award Execution thei-eoii 
1 am Gentlemen 

Your most Obedient 
hiunblo Servant 

James Oglethoipe 
To the Honble the Trustees. 

(From B. P. K. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Lfttek fro:\i Gexl. Oglethorpe to the Trus- 
tees Recd 28 Sept 1741 

Frederica 29^^ Jjine 1741. 

I have wrote very fully to the Ministry to 
obtain As.^istance for tlie Defence of this Colon v 


Colonial IiF.coros 

Gfnl. Ov'lethoi-pe to the Trustee 

MinNiry t 



the defence 

of Colon 

wliich every Day 1 heliove Slio^s the usefull- 
ricvs <.f, since without any new Succours from 

stiirinK lU) 
amonK tlie 
peojile. esi 
cially the 

17 i:nn>i.(,' we ravaged Florida and besieged S\ 
Au-u>tine, and have since Defended our Selves 
thou-h tlie Spaniards have received great re- 
inforcement from Cuba. 

The Spanish Kniissarys are very busy in stir- 
rin- u\> Discontents amongst the People hence 
ihelr l'rincii)al Point is Xegroes since as many 
Shiver a> tliere are so many Enemys to the 
(lovernuifiit, an«l consetiuently Friends to the 
Spaniards. Another great Point is to Diseour- 
aire tlu' I'hinters, since they think if planting 
don't go ftu-ward England -will grow tired of 
suj^poriiiiir the Colony & then of course the 
Spa»'.i;;rds will gain tlieir Ends. 

Til" v.'ay to overcame all this is to persist in 
The w.o I., no Slavo, encourage the Importation 
this ,,f Ccrman- and married Kecruits, and prevail 

troul-Ie. '■ 

w'\ the (M.vernment to answer those necessary 
F.\p<!u't'> of IJangers, Sloops Boats and Forti- 
f!(ali.«n>. In spite of all opposition our Vine- 
y:iv]- .:-. on i'lii-r.crously, and Colonel Stephens 
will L;i\-.' yuu a full Account of the Silk from 

I am llentlemen 
Your most Obedient 
hnndtle Sei'\'ant 

James Oglethorpe 
Tti the llonlue the Trustees. 


Thos. Jones to Haiman Veielst. 

An account 

(From B. P. R. O., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter from Thomas Jones to the Trustees 
AccoTAXT. Eecd 28 Sept. 1741 


You receive herewith An Acco* of the Ex- 
pence of the Trust" Servants, & how employd 
in the Xorthern Part of this Coh^ny for One ^f the 

-TT • -» r- 1 = -1 p-.-»n \ -r\' expense of 

lear, comencmi;' Micha . liSv — by my Direc- the Tms- 
tion, V' Consent of Col" Stephens, but for the vams. 
most part ^ Orders rec'* from his Exell'^ 
Gener'. Oglethorpe. 

I am veiy Sensible, that I have not therein 
Strictly pursued the Instructions given me by 
their Hon"^. The Trustees, therefore- relying on 
their Candor & Goodness, Shall readily Submit 
to their Censure of my Conduct in this, as well 
as in all other Matters, wherein I have been en- 
trusted by theu]. Only beg Leave to hint at some 
Circumstances, which rendred it im]>ossible for circum- 

1,1 • T V /-Y i? Stances 

me to take the Oath required. As Overseer oi which ren- 
dered it in 

the Trust". Servants, & to act conformable there- Pl'^l'^.'^.tj^'' 
to without doing nmiiifest Prejudice to the In- of scvvantl 
terest of y^ Trust.— The unforeseen Events 
that had then happened in y^ Colony, particu- 
larly The Saw Mill at Ebenezer's being de- The .-aw 
molished. — The Cultivating of the Land apro- p'^^ne^p'- , 

° demolished. 

etc. Un- 

priated to religious Uses, the Same adjoyning to ,^^,.^,1 ^^r 
the Common of the Town (a pine barren) w'^. 
in the Opinion of All persons, who know any 
thing of the Xaturc of that loose, Sandy Soil, 
would not quit Cost of Cultivation — The Scitu- 

54 Colonial Records 

Thus. Jones to Harmun Verolst. 

at ion I was then in, represented, by our Saviour 
in liis Sermon on the Mount. Matth. (] — 24, 

Plis Exceir^ Gen". Ogietliorpe, Order 'd a 
iaK^^em-'" Tract of Land- (90 Acres) within One Mile of v^ 

ployeJ as rn i i 

oJ'^TrTst.- ■* ''^'^^' ^^' ^'"-^ clear \l by the Trusts ' Servants, for 

John Jlil- 


a New Plantation; and recommended John Mil 
lage (a Youth) to be employd in directing and 
Overseein;:: tliem, who was ordered to render an 
Acco' of their Labour daily or weekly unto me, 
Wliich he did for some time— But, being in- 
formed that Some of these Servants had been 
Seen in Toami on the usual Hours for Labour, 
(tho' returned, by :\Iillage, as ha\dug been con- 
stant at AVork) I found, upon Enquiry, that 
Millage had heen i)revaild witli to connive at 
their not working— I acquainted his Excellence 
(then at Savannah) therewith— A\liat Incou- 
venienc(^< tc. my Sc^li' ensued thereon, I shall not 
tr<>ui>le you with relateing. 

This Plantation is well drained & partly 
Sanded on «''»*'»rt-I; The further Mention thereof shall dJ- 
piant.uion. j-^.,.,.^^ ^^^jjjj j ^^^^ ^^.^^^ ^^^ ^^^^^^ ^^ ^^^^ Quantity 

of L*ict'. ( h.-inn: Hie 07ily Grain yet planted tliei-e- 
vi\) it! }.!■(. duee this Year — 

Jt being judged necessary to build an Hutt, 
|^|L^;!^',,. '"' ^''••'. Plantation, for the Ser^^ants, wherein 
tteu*''' ^1'*'.^' nu'glit dress their pro%'isions. And to keep 
tiieir working Tools in, As also to be a Shelter 
for tliem from the Sumer Heats, as well as in 
liainy t.-mpestuous weather; A Strong .t como- 
dious fiam'd Hutt or house was built for v^ 
purpose lint the Same (w^"^ the Tools, & the 


Thos. Jones to Harnum Verelst. 


Sen^ants Uten.^ils,) was burnt on a Sunday in 
the time of Divine Sei^^ce, (no body bein;^ 

One Thomas Ormstone, I was inform 'd, had 
been seen to fire the Brush near tlio Hutt. But 
I forbore making a further Enquiry into the S^^T^nre 
Affair, As I have been obliged to pass by other hu"t. 
outrages of the same Nature, (under our pres- 
ent Circumstances) when comitted by a Sett of 
People combin'd together, to bid Defiance to all 
Order. — 

The only Instance, Avhere I tho't it necessary 
to take notice of tlieir insolent Behavior, was 
last Summer; AVhen Tellfair, Grant, Douglas, ]^nsoient 

' ' » r> ' behavior of 

Bailie & Philp went, on a Sunday, in the time of Grinl'''' 
Divine Service, into the Ti-usts Gardens, broke 
down the Fence, took 3^ Key by force from the 
Gardeners Wife, kickd at her, tlireatned to boat 
the Gard'ner, Tellfair shaking liis cane over the 
man\s head — . A Bill of Tndictm^ was pre- 
pared & the Ser\'ants belonging to y^ Garden 
with others swora in Court to give E^-idence 
thereon — TMiereupon W\ Fallowfield ad- 
dressed y*" Jury (the first Time) telling them 
That they ought not to regard wliat such mean 
pittifull Wretciies (who would Swear any thing) 
should swear against Gentlemen — telling the 
Juiy, That this was a Contrivance of mine. 

Excuse this Digression — 

The other Plantation (Desbovery Farm) was, 
by the General's Aprobation, last year, culti- 
vated by the Trusts Serwints, under the Di- 

Riilie and 

5G Colonial Records 

Thus. Jones to Hiirnian Verelst. 

The planta. I'^'^tioil of Jollll Foulcls, (wIlO lliul tlie CcWi} of 

bovery'^''' tiit'iii uiider ^M' Bradlev) Tliis Foulds, either 

f-^irm, cultl . ' 

TnSs^^sor- ^'"■*^' or being prevaild with, to Act in 
dfr"3ion"^" that manner, by those who contrive all lyiethods 
Foulds" to ruin the Colony, neglected the Plantation so, 
that it produced not al}Ove Eighty Bush", clean 
Corn besides Pease & Potatoes, on fourteen 
Acres Laud, then clear 'd: Indeed, Com faild 
every where in these Parts of America, that 
year, w'^. Occasions the present Scarcity; In 
Carolina, they did not raise, in many places, 
one third i>art of tlieir usual Crop of Corn, as 
r have been informd by several of the Inhabi- 
tants there— 

Tlie Trust' German Servants, in generall be- 

iiavc well, and are industrious, (tlio' I found 

man 'i^^- ^hem (juite otherwise, for some time after I 

dus'tAous <-atiic ill to the Colonv, being then verv Stub- 

wen. l.oni, cV unwilling to work but when obliged 

tliereto, and under One's Eye— They bad (as 

they have since complained) been treated with 

g;reat Severity on their first Arrival, (especially 

thox,^ ^vith M\ Bradley) and debarrd from the 

.■di<Av;ii)r.'. of Provisions & Cloatljing promised 

tlu'Ui by y" Trust. 

Of those (Jernian Sei"\'ants, Eiiglit or Ten 
Families are more remarkably industrious. 
Muiet iV frugal, And have this last year pur- 
chased a good Stock of Cattle; Some having Six 
Cows— the least two; xVnd each having a Gar- 
den where they raise some Corn, Pease, Pomp- 
ions, Potatoes, v^e. which with the Milk of their 
Cows, is the chief part of their I^od; Thev are 

Correspondence 57 

Thos. Jones to Ilnrman Verelst. 

at little Expellee iu Cloatliing; But this exposes jve^^- 
thein to the Envy & hatred of Our Xegroe- ^nv'lfurof 
mongers, & such who seek the Exterpation of servams. 
the Colony. As well as of the Drunken, IdU' 
Sort among Us. 

I am infonn'd by Francis Harris & Will"^. 
Eussell (who are verv conversant with them and bV German 

servants to 

can talk y* German tongue,) That they have p|p';^,^,';rns 
lately joynd in a Letter writ «S: sent to their friemis t.. 
Friends & acquaintance in Germanv, persuading Georgia" 

^ • ^ ^ to live. 

them to come to Georgia where they may by 
their Industry live in greater plenty & more 
Comfortably than they can elswhere. 

These Servants are veiy desirous That (when 
the Time of their Service is expired) they may S-'^nt's 
have Lands alloted them within twelve or fifteen hSve°"iand 


miles of Savannah, (where thev mav bring i^enn near 

' ^ . . o Savannah. 

things by Land Carriage) in a \'icinage & that 
they may make one Comon Fence, (as the Peo- 
ple of Ebenezer have done,) and be assisting to 
one another. 

Many of the other Germans, bound by In- 
denture to Soi'vo Some of y Froeliolders in this 
Colony, have by their ill Usage, (of which there ^^^ ^^^.^,^_ 
has been repeated Complaints) deserted their Ses%i 
Masters' Service. The Carolina Temper, of 
procuring Slaves, and treating them with Bar- 
barity, seems to be veiy prevalent among us: I 
mention this the rather. That, if any Foreigners, 
or Others, Sei'\'ants, should be sent over; The 
Hon"'^. Trustees might give Such Orders therein, 
as would prevent this Inconveniency for the 

58 Colonial Rkcoros 

Thos. Jones to Harman Verelst. 

I forj^ot to iiieiition Tiiat Christian Steinhevel, 
(Onii of y- Trust's Servants) has the Direction 
slS'.-vH. of y otlHT Sei-vants on Desbovery Fann— he 
de-ervin- ^''^^ \>ein\ verv industrious & carefull, — has 
Plante<l thirty Acres, & cleard more for plant- 
ing ag' next Season, keeps the Fences in good 
repair; There's a prospect of as good a Crop, 
if not iKitter, than has been seen in this Neigh- 
}>ourlioo(l— I have promised to allow him Some- 
what ; mov k above what is paid him as a Ser- 
vant, for his Care v^- Pains, which I hope the 
Trustees will a prove of 

1 sliall nut add on this Subject at this time, — ■ 
Hut desire you would please to acquaint the 
lion'" the Trustees, Tliat tho' I fully purposed 
not to take any part of the Yearly xVUowance 
-\]>]>ointeil me, as Overseer of y Tmst^ Ser- 
vant^, until I 1 kiiow their further Pleasure 
therein. Ihit having lost near Fifty Pounds by 
endea\-ouring to Support & Save Some People 
in tho C()I(»ny fi-om Ruine, I was under a neces- 
sity of atlvi'uturing to take that Yearly allow- 
ait<'- \vhi<'li. If not aproved of by their Honours, 
\\\i\ »iidi'avuur to Kepay As soon as J know 
their ploa-ure therein 
I am 

Your veiy humble Serv^ 

Tho Jones 

l.^July. 1741 

To >P. Harman Verelst 


Mr. Jones to Mr. Verelst. 

(t>om B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Coorgria, Vol. 22.) 
Lettf.k fkom !Mk. Jonks to ^Tr. Verklst 

July S'\ 1741. 


Yoti will receive %^ this Conveyance, Sundry 
Aeco*% W*" have been examincl ^^ Col". Stephens 
and me ; ]\r. Parker was present when Some of 
them were examined, but Since he heard The 
News, communicated b}^ the Manager in I.on- ^ change in 
don, & had the Same confirmd by Rob' Williams, Lnd The "'''' 
Tiiat there is a Change in V ^linistrv in Eno;- the coiony 
land, And tliat the Trustees have no more to ^^^f^i^'^f 
do with the Affairs of the Colony — He seldom Les. "Faisa 

news com- 

comes to Town, 6z when lie does, keeps w'^ S' municated. 
liich^ Everard, Williams, Fallowfieid l^'c but is 
not seen by Col" Stephens or my self. 

When you have perused these Acco". You will 
lind how necessary it is. That the Ilon"'^ Trus- 
tees should, by some other ]\reans, or persons, 
have their Acco^* Sz- Affairs in this Colony more 
reiailarly settled v^' managc^l, than they can 
by me— What thro' my Inea}>acity, And my 
Time being- taken up either in dispatching such 
orders, as I receive from his Excell"''. General 
Oglethorpe, Or in Other blatters, which Col' 
Stephens & self think necessary to be done for 
3'* Service of the Trust. But what prevented 
my Sending now, a more distinct and regular 
Acco* of those Affairs, ^V^ T judge, incumbent 
on me, more especially, to take care of. Has 


60 Colonial Records 

Mr. Jones to Mr. Verelst. 

lu'cii, 111}' ])iAn^^ detniuW at Frodorica for the 
Spaco of Four ^loiitlis, iiiiomplov'd. His Excel- 

Rea.?ors for 

so }.)n« a loiK'v's 11! Statc of Tlejiltli for some time after 

stay at 

Krederi.a. ^ arrh'M at Frederica— Tlie Store Acco*\ at 
Frederica (wliicli one Ivob'. Paterson had un- 
dortak<'n to liave in readiness) not perfected, 
(nor, can I tliink, ever will by him) — ^il'' 
Francis Moore (who was the only person ac- 
<liiaint<'d w'". the State of those Acco") being- 
under the (leneral's Displeasure, — And his 
F^xcelly" time being Chiefly taken up w'" other 
AfTairs, occasion 'd this Disapointm'. 

Tlio', I once had determined, in my own ^lind, 
rikea'orth^ Tliat I Would not tronble the Hon"'^ Trustees 
aR^'fnsr ^'^■Jtli any Complaints of Hardships sufferd by, 

some who .,.. , in-ii-o. 

sr.ek to ru'.n (ir iujuncs (loue to mv selt, in their Service, 

Mr. .Junes. . ? 

\ot am iKtw brot into a Necessity of applying^ 
to tlu'ir Honors for Protection, and Instruc- 
tions how to behave, and defend my self from 
the Attempts and Contrivances of Such wlio 
liave i^nblickly avowed and Seek my Ruine 

In XoviMiiber last (being then at Fi-ederica) 
vaynicn. -f ^^ ' ^ ''" ' ' ' ''^^"^^i"-^ demanded of me the Pay""^ of 
P^^'^^^^ *''^ Salary, and other Sums of Money, w-" the 
fns arir^' 'i'ruslecs (.w'd him, to V= Am', of £150— I told 

thr*>afs I • 1 1 

'"^'"'- '»inN tliat 1 was yet unacquainted w*" the State 

of tlir AiH-o'^ at Frederica, or the Demands any 
persons had on the Trust: But as I came there 
on purpo^-." to settle those Acco'"' with his Ex- 
eelleii.-y— I ^^oul,} promise That whatever was lit in Paym' to any, of the Allowance made 
tJM'm i'y tlu- Trust', for the last Year, I would 
See 11;. '0 loid licfore 1 l,.ft Frederica— :\I^ 


Mr. Jones tc 

Hawkins, angrily Said, That if I did not pay 
liim his Demands, w"\ Interest, for the time he 
had heen kept from his :Money; he woul<l lay 
me hy the Heels for it, as a Saucy Fellow. This 
passed in the open Street in the hearing- of M'. 
Davidson & others. I went directly to the Gen- 
eral and acquainted him therewith; His Ex- 
celh^ asked me, "What Report have you and the 
other Comission'-'. made to the Trust upon D'. 
Hawkins's Acco^ sent to you hy W Horton?— 
adding. It plainly appears. That the Trust\ 
have disallowed a great part of his Demands, 
which must he owing to your Report— AVhat re- 
ply I made (under the surprize I was then in) 
I do not recollect,— I shall not relate the con- 
tinued Threatnings of M'" Hawkins, and his 
"Wife, of committing me to Prison, from whence 
I should not be diseharg'd; untiU I paiil him 
his whole Deht, with Interest— But mention only 
what pass'd on y« 12'^ :\[arch (the day before I 
left Frederica) Being that morning to wait on 
y* General, His Excellency told me, he had re- 
ceiv'd a Letter from D^ Hawkins, And then 
gave me a paper, subscrib(>d Tho' Hawkins, 
(\v^'' had not been folded) wherein, among many 
other quaint Invectives, He said, The Trustees 
had sent their Sola Bills unto me, in order to 
pay their Debts, which I kept for my Sola Ac- 
count The same day receivd the inclosed Let- 
ter from M'. Hawkins— That Evening his Ex- 
celh^ ordered me to Attend him, and then sent 
for W. Plawkins and asked him. What Sum of 
;Nfonev -did he demand of me. Hawkins an- 

62 Colonial Rkcords 

Mr. Jonos to Mr. Verelst. 


swoiod That lu' (IcmaiidGd of mc £54— (but I 
am not ci'i-taiii of the exact sum be then men- 
tioiUMl) wliich The Trustees had not allowd liim 
in his foriuer Acco'. together with the Sum of 
£75. allowd him by their Estimat for the Care 
of the Sick c^e the hist Year, And also his Salary 
for first magistrate from ]Midsumer last. The 
General tlien askd me, What I said to these De- 
mands. I replyd that I was ready to pay every 
Sum of Money (in my power) orderd by the 
Trust, (^r that lus Excell'^ would order me to 
pay— The General said, He would not give 
me any Sueli Order, but was of Opinion that I 
ought *to pay I)'. Ilawkius that Money, which, 
the Ti-usti'e> had not allowd him, upon the Com- 
ission". report.— I reply'd That if M^ Haw- 
kins liad any N'ouchers or other proof of his 
D.'lvt w' we had not seen, I was w^ell assured 
the Comi.>sioners would readily amend their re- 
)K>rt, .<: willingly rectify any mistake that might 
have liappened, But that I could not justify my 
Conduct to tlieir Honors, The Trustees, in 
Aprupriatin- tlieii- :\[ony towards the paym' of 
uvy n.'iiiand- in:i<!e, otlier than wliat they had 
dir<M-t(nl, much less in paying sucli Demands 
whii'h they had disallowed. In w"" Opinion I 
was certain Col" Stephens concurr'd with me 

That as to y Sum of £75 allowd r* Estimate, 
fhe^ick!' for the Care of the Sick— Food &c, I ])egd Leave 
to ar.piaint iiis Kxcell: That the Sum of £150 
Moro Mcv liad.'r* KMimate, Iveen allowd for tlie Same pur- 
northim'"' poses, in the Xorthcm Part of y* Colony, Where 
Colony. iiotu'ith -tan. ting wo had nu^re poor, and 1 nat 

Correspondence 63 

Mr. Jones to Mr. VereLst. 

Thirty One Sick Indians had been sent thither 
by his Excels-. (Some of whom died), &- y" rest 
renuiind a great while with it>, 1>efore they re- 
covered—That they, as well as our own poor, 
had had due Attendance & care taken of them. 
Yet the whole Expence for the Year did not 
amount to One fourth part of tlie Sum alotted 
for that purpose— I therefore desired M^ 
Hawkins wonlrl make out his Bill w^*^ An Acco*. 
of the Persons Names, & how long, they had 
been under his care, that the same mis^ht be 
transmitted to y' Trust'. I proposed this Meth- 
od, being- infonnd, tliat he had not administred 
One Dose of Pliysic to any poor person but re- 
fus'd, unless paid for, ^'^ has been done by Con- 
tribution from tlie Inhabitants; Of w^\ could 
haA'e given Instances 

One other Instance (out of many) I would at 
this time mention, is The Demands vr''' M^ g^T''^^^. 
Duche & AVill Ewen, as Attorneys to Patr. Tell- 
fair & Edw-^ Jenkins, (both withdraA\Ti to y^ 
Comon Asylum, tS: out of the reach of those they 
owe Many to in this Colony) make, and continue 
with great Clamour to demand my pa>nn', of 
those Sums of i\[oney, w"^ they have made Oatli 
to be due to them, tho' therein foresworn; both 
having had Copies of their Acco^'' before they 
went away, & the same allow 'd by them to be 
just. Jenkin's's Debt to y" Trustees by y^ S*" 
Acco'. was £:^2.. 6.. l>'j— Telfair's xVcco', (now 
sent you) had Credit in y Store Books for 
£ll..r2..3 — due to him, but he makes Oath at 
Charles To^vn that T am, on behalf of the Trust, 



Colonial Records 

Mr. Jones to Mr. Verelst. 

A tlir*.a 
made to 
!^nd to 
pnai in 
for (iebt 

indebted to him y^ Sum of £15..3^.9■^ Edw'^ 
Jenkins's AtFidavit I ol)tained, and send enclos- 
ed a Copy : T liave been tlireatned, that if they 
find me, or any Effects belong^, to me, within 
the j)rovince of Sontli Carolina, they will oblige 
me to ])ay these Demands — ^^^^ I am induced to 
think vrould be done, by the following Instance 
of thi'ir judiciary proceedings lately against one 
Peter Mollicr (lately become a Freeholder at 
Savannali, but had been an Inhabitant of Puris- 
burg, (a man accounted to be of good reputa- 
tion and Substance) — He sometime in January 
last bought of Henry Bourquin a Quantity of 
Kice to the amo* of £50. sterling, v^^-^ Bourquin 
had then at Savannah ; about two Months ago, 
Bourquin came to Savannah for his Mony V'^ 
Mollier tendered him, in Trustees Sola Bills, 
Bourquin refused accepting y^ Same for paym', 
and insisted to have his paym^ in Carol^ Cur- 
rency threatniug that when Molier came to Pur- 
isburg he would have him sent to Charles Town 
Goal— :Molier came to me (then at Col Steph- 
ens's) desiring my Advice in the Affair— I 
sent to Bourquin, who came to me, xVnd asked 
him when c^- wliere this debt was contracted, 
he Said on y<^ Bluff at Savannah, where the Rice 
was also delivered— I told him that he was 
wrong to threaten to have a Person sent to Goal 
in Carolina for a Debt contracted here, when 
he knew, that by his applying to a Magistrate 
here, he might have had the Same legall Red- 
ress, as he could have had in Carolina for a 
Debt contracted here— Molier then entred unto 


Mary Vanderplank to the Trustees. 

a Kecognizance w^*". Sureties boforo mo — to ap- 
pear at the Court now liolden, & answer &c. 
About a fortnight past Molier being at Puris- 
burg, an Officer came cK: by Virtue of a "Writ 
(enclosed a Copy) seized his Effects, refused 
to take his Bond w^*" Sureties to Answer &c (en- 
closed a Copy). At length ]\[olier was obliged 
to pay the whole Sum £400 w'*". twelve pounds 
ten shilling sterling Costs to y^ Officer— I need 
not make any Remarks on these proceedings — 
but will, if required, put them in a fuller light 
I conclude S'./Your veiy humble Se^v^ 

Tho. Jones. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter from M.uiy Vanderplank to the Hon- 
OBLE THE Trustees for Georgia at their 
Office near Old Palace Yard — West- 
minster Eecd 28 Septr. 1741 

[ Black ] 

[ Seal. 

Hond Sirs 

Your Kindness to my late Husband John 
Vandeiplank deceased, and your generous un- 
deseerved P^avours to me are still fresh in)on kin"dm^"^ 

to Jolm 

my memory— I therefore take this occasion of p,"n'^':''.ie. 
olfering to your Hon", my Dutifull Thanks. '^^'*"'- 
Give me leave in Particular to thank you for 

Siven t'l 


Colonial Rkcords 

Mary Vanderplank to the Trustee?. 

very im- 


tlie allowance I luive thro' your Bounty reciv'd 
in my Distress of Twelve pounds, ..[blotted]. .4. 
a year for keeping a servant and Pray bear with 
me in what I am going- to mention; my Late 
Husband was in his Life time often favoured 
with your orders, and he ehearfuly obeyed them, 
in n-oing out upon public occasions, such as at- 
tending the Tybe People, aud other Villages, 
at their tirst settlement, going by Land and 
water upon all alarmes, and overlooking Publice 
works, according to the orders he frequently re- 
ceved from Esq--. Oglethorpe, and afterwards 
from yV Causton on your Hon^ behalf, you wre 
pleased .more than once to take notice of, and 
reward my Husbands Services : I am therefore 
bound again to thank you— The attendance my 
Husband gave to the public Buisness occasioned 
his being much from home, so that his accounts 
he liim self kept are very imperfect : This has 
more especially appeard since his acco*. with 
y" Store came lately to be examined by your 
Comissioners, here, I am under great Difficul- 
ties therein, since it also appears that your 
tlono" Store Books are by no means clear in 
stating of my said acco\ I hope the Comission- 
ers will explain the same as far as they are able, 
and so I leave my self to your compassion in 
the whole alfair, there being very little in my 
Power to say or do upon it, only sutler me to 
accpiaint you with the following particulars 

That my I[usban<ls Creditors soon after his 
Death, began to press earnestly for the pay- 
ment of their severall Bills; M^ Causton did 

Correspondence 67 

Mary Vanderiilank to the Trustees. 

to seize 
Koods left. 

assure tliein that there was protit sufficient from 
his share of tlie periager to pa\' all the Debts 
he owed, whereupon the Creditors were satis- 
lied for a time, But tlie Periager aeco' was de- 
layed being settled, as it is to this day, the 
Creditors came and threatned to seize the feue 
goods that were left me; about this time Gen- 
eral Oglethorpe arrived last from England and 
he kindly promised to get the Creditors satis- 
fied, and so preserve my Goods, However it has 
so happned, that I am left to satisfy them my 

self, which in some measure I have from time from profit 

on garden, 

to time done l)y the profits of ray Garden stuff: p'iuur^'^ 
milk and Poultry and by sliareing them part 
of the allowance your Honours have bestowed 
upon me for the maintenance of a servant, after 
my late Husl'ands decease. I had some hopes 
of paying still Dioro of his Debts by the Fees 
arising from the naval officers place which M^ fjid Ip.'""^' 
Peter Grant took care of for me, But it pleased naSf*^ 
General Oglethorpe soon after his arrival to 
appoint M". Fallowfield naval officer and to or- 
der that the Xaval officers Fee should be divided 
into two parts and that one of them should be 
given to me under the Titel of Collector of the 
port of Savannah. But as yet it has not been 

I beg your Honours pardons 
Who am witli all humility 
Your Honours 

Most obliged humble servant 
Mary Vandeqilank. 


(3S Colonial Records 

Mr. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

(From \). V. II. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 
:\Ik. ST!:i'Hi:xri\s Letter to Mr. Harman Ver- 


Geor.;i.\ .vr their office near the House of 
LoRLis Westminster 

--^ '^^^^^'' [ 1741 Recd 2 October 1741 

m.lulv I 



Savanuali 24 Jun : 1741. 

In mv last of tlie 13 May "i^ Cap* Long iii the 
1«::;-U-, \ sent you Coppys of my preceding let- 
ter" in v daily Journal to that day, &c; as 1 now 
,]o to tlw da'v of niv closing this. Therein I also 
:,..;,„oxs .r.l-ld your favour of the 9^^ Feh: and 
on liK' 22 May your former favour of 17 Dec 
( Whl.h I feaii'.l'was lost) came to my hands, as 
uowd in my Journal of that day; w^" contained 
matt.M-s of such Importance y' I ought to pay 
tl>c utHu...t regard to: but I fear least the hon- 
ourahle Tru.-tees set too great a value in bind- 
ing up thn-o Journals of mine: Wherein, tho' 
I must .-.till insist that nothing but strict truth 
will appt-ar: yet I cannot but be apprehensive, 
t,H) niaiiv moratory things will be found inter- 

Correspondence 69 

Mr. Stephens ti) Mr. Verelst. 

sperscd, ^'^"'' will be of uo louger significance 
than whilst they are recent. The last from yon 
was of the 20 Feb, enclosini^ the Order of Conn- 

toiichin?^ the 
form of 

cill, touchin<;- the Form of Praver to be nsed order of 

' Council, 

for the Royal Family; "Which has been observd: 

and tluil letter I also rec' on the 22 May; ac- f,^eSVr°t5l 

quainting me withall, what Goods were sent to Family. 

M^ Bolzius; that are since delivered safely. 

Among all these, I find not a word said about 

the Packett sent hence the 20 Nov last ; nor of 

any, since that which I wrote of the 6 Oct : ^\^^ L^ome'of^^''* 

leaves me in great pain; fearing least any ad- ence^may*^' 

vices sent me mav have fallen into tbe Enemvs into the 

enemy s 

hands ; who of late have been very busy ; where- ^^^^^s. 
of several particulars are noted in my Journal 
of the 10"'. inst. 

Upon receiving no advice from any body, 
when that Tub of A'ine Cuttings came to my 
hands on the 6 May (as then noted) I was will- tfonTn^' 
ing to imagine y' it was the Effect of my Sons [u^ol ^ne 

r. ,-, ... cuttings 

care, lor those reasons given (see how we, received. 
Fathers are willing to impute any good we can 
to our Son?) but on my writing to }.P Hopton 
to give me what Information ho could in that 
atfair; he has thoroughly unsolved the Mystery, 
by telling me now that they came from London 
in a Ship called the Winter; being sent by you 
to Mess". Levi & Solomons, with a letter to 
them to deliver 'em to ^P. Kopton, to be for- 
warded to me «Jcc. how welcome they were, & 
what use was made of era, I have shewn before 
in my former Journal. 

Our i\ralcontents in these Parts seem much 

'f. .vjf I 
nxVl V 


Colonial Kecords 

Mr. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

given out 
that Parlia- 
ment had 
granted the 
use of 

Lone: ex- 
pected work 
of the 
Scotch Club, 
entitled "A 
true & his- 
torical nar- 
rative of 

Attached In 
credit and 

elated for some days past, on some Intelligence 
given out, that they have rec^ lately, of the Par- 
liaments granting the Use of Negroes, & the 
Lands to be holden in Fee simple : whereof till 
I have some authentiek account, I have only 
this to obsei-^-e, to such as appear most delight- 
ed; tliat I admire they should be so soUicitous 
about holding of Lands, & cultivating them by 
Negi'oes, which they have reported to be hard- 
ly worth any value in Georgia; & that all the 
good things I had wrote of it, relating to its 
product, were false. 

AVhilst I am writing this, behold the long ex- 
pected AYork of that Remnant of the Scotch 
Club, now at Charles Town, being newly pub- 
lishd, under the Title of a tme & historical nar- 
rative of Georgia Szc, is just come to my hands, 
sent me from W Hopton, as will be found also 
noted in my Journal of this day; and where of 
farther notice may probably be taken, when I 
have a little more leisure that (sic) at present. 
It seems this Libell is not to be had in common; 
but only by such as subscribed towards its print- 
ing; among whom I had desired M' Hopton to 
make One : but I hope 'twill somehow be in his 
power to get another, & send to you; as I have 
wrote him to do, if possible. 

You'll easily be perswaded to believe, the Sit- 
uation I am in at present to be very uneasy; 
when I lind my self so attackt in my Credit and 
Character, as I have been for a time past; ever 
since I sent those papers in Nov & Dec last; 
which is not to be forgiven by those people, 

Correspondence 71 

Mr. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

shame and 

whose practices I never could approve of; & 

whose Designs are now so manifest, that twould 

be wasting both time and paper, to say more of 

here. If the liononrable Trust are pleased to Audacious 

.set patient, under such audacious Eibaldiy as void'^^' 

they'll find in this Libell, void of all shame and 

Truth ; then it may be thought becoming me to 

be passive too; whom the World owes little or 

no regard to, in comparison of those I serve: 

but I neither think they'll acquiesce tamely 

under such Insults, nor leave me unprotected, to 

the Mercy of a TMcked Crew, employd to worry 

my good name ; which I must set at a very low 

Anxiety also 

value, if I did not esteem it more durable y° the part^'o" ^® 

little remains of Life yet left me. I make no 

doubt but M"" Jones has his anxiety too, as well 

as others: but as tis a professed Maxim with 

him in all things, To take care of One, it may 

not be amiss at this time for once, to apply it 

to my self. 

Some Passages will be found now in this 
Journal, which I conceive will appear sufficient • 
to draw conclusions what farther may be ex- 
pected from a Band, whose Rage & Madness 
plainly means bringing all into confusion. My 
Son may now consider,— whether or not the base 
treatment his Father finds here, from his pre- 
cious Correspondents, be the Wages due, for 
all the pains he has been at, in promoting their 
Work. But least I should be thought under too 
much Impotence of mind, by such excursions; 
I stopt short ; and waiting daily in hopes of some 
Advices from the honourable Board, y' may re- 

72 Colonial Records 

Mr. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

new my usual Vigour in their Service, ]\raugre 
(sic) the Iniirmitys of oetat 70; I think I shall 
never shrink from the Support of Truth; nor 
give way to Democratick Insolence, however 
daring. Too many of these thoughts crowding 
at present; I shall endeavour so to digest some 
of 'em, that I may, in my next Address to their 
Honours, probably make use of a Freedome not 
unbecoming their Faithfull Seiwant: who must 
always remain S\ with great sincerity 

Will: Stephens. 

Seeing it very likely, y' it may be yet some 
days, before I get the opportunity of sending 
this Packett by Cap' Thomson; I shall add by 
peice meal w' occurrs to me, proper for you to 
know, before I close up all: Tho' the continu- 
ance of my Journal to that time, may in a great 
measure answer that End. 

Savannah 13 July 1741. 

You see S'". by my Journal, what this space of 

time since the date of my former has produced, 

& how daringly we are attackd, in carrying on 

An ani,eai ^^'"^ P^blick Service of the Trust; wherein, as 

Tru^lles to ^^ ^^Y o^n share in it, nothing however shall 

help rt'pel + , -i? r? r- 

and^cl?^ leirity me trom a firm perseverance, in doing 
umnr'^' ■ what I think my Duty: still hoping I shall some 
day or other be adWsed that the several peices 
of Intelligence I have sent hence, from the 20 
Nov: inclus to this time, whereof I yet hear 
nothing from you, have escaped the Enemy, & 
come safe to hand: and if so, I make no doubt 

Correspondence 73 

air. Stephens to Mr. Verelat. 

l)iit the Hon"'" Trust will at their proper leisure 
all'ord me the comfort. of their support, under 
such a Torrent of Calumny and Abuse; and let 
the World see that they'll no long-er suffer a 
vile crew of men, to shoot out their poisond ar- 
rows, against their Honours, and go off impune ; 
nor let the meanest of their Servants be insult- 
ed, set at naught, & tram])led on, without any 
Yindex appearing in his favour. I hope ]\r. 
Hopton will find means to get one or two more 
of those inimitable peices of Infamy, w^*" the 
Junto at Charles-town lately publishd, and send 
it for their Honours perusal : and then twill ap- 
l)ear, whether or not any rough AVords y' may 
have droppd from my pen, are to be justifyd, 
or want of temper on such an occasion, may be 
excused — But I say no more. 

Ca})' Thomson is at last going; by whom some 
of those accompts will go, y' were order 'd to 
be sent by him: and the fault is not mine, that 
they were not sent before. But as I know M". 
Jones writes you largely on these tilings, besides 
divers other matters (some of w^^ he has com- 
mimicated to be) I would chuse to say little now, 
& avoid surfeiting you with too much of one 
thing at once : for my Intention is, when I think 
I can foresee a little respite from vexatious 
Jangling, to address their Honours with some 
sentiments of my own, on various occasions; 
and' probably make use of some of that free lib- 
erty in delivering my thoughts, which I must 
always remember, was in a kind manner pressd 
home upon me, when I first commenced their 

74 Colonial. Records 

Mr. Stephens to Mr. Veielst. 

Servant: and tliis T intended for my next work, 
w"" as qniek ni.^patch as I can. 

After my repeated endeavours, at sundry 
Mr^*^^Sti° time.s to eome at the true knowledge of the Per- 
sons that were Tenants in M" Watts house, what 
length of time they occupied it, what rent they 
paid, to whom, c^c; I have got an account form- 
ed a< well as we can of it; but tis yet lame, as 
you'll see; & as far as tis possible for me to set 
it in a fuller light, you shall have in my next: 
I mean as to the Recovery of what mony is due, 
from ^[ess" Causton, Williams, & Douglas: 
what remains in ^I'. Browufields hands, I think 
to be ready when called for, 

I had many things in my thoughts to impart, 
when I took pen in hand but they die away al- 
most as fast as they are conceivd; for which, a 
cause might easily be found: but perhaps tis 
better at present y' I leave it to your guessing, 
& defer it to my next to enlarge upon; when I 
am a little farther informd what will be the up- 
shot of all tliese Pewds. 

I remain 


Your Most assured humble Servant 

Will: Stephens. 

Correspondence 75 

Letter from Mr. Bolzius. 

(I"h-om B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter from Mr. Bolzius. Recd 14 Novr. 1741 

Ebenezer in Georgia July 25'^ 1741 

Dear Sir 

I have taken last month the Liberty to answer 
duly your kind Letter to me of the 17'^ Dec. 
last, which my Letter Cap. Thomson will deliver 
you after his safe Arrival. My present writing ^'wa^s 

Genl. Ogle- 

to vou is occasioned bv the inclosed Letter of and fatk- 
His Excellency Gen'. Oglethorpe, which Lie has ^^j-Jfy the 
sent me open to be inclosed, when I write to you. 
As the General has been allways generous & 
fatherly minded towards our Settlement, agi-ee- 
able to the Generosity & Goodness of the Hon'"^ 
Trustees, so he has given now an undenyable 
proof of it by lending to the Saltzburgers (sic) 
hundred Pounds Sterl. for several uses mention- 
ed in His Letter of Advice to you, which I have 
dra^\^l here by his Order upon you. I design 
to lay out a Part of this Money to discharge the 
Debts of our Water ]\[ill, & to build a neces- 
sary Work beseds in the Mill, till the Lord iu- 
ables me by Benefaction to discharge the whole 
De])t, & repay this advanced Sum of the Gen- 
eral. God be praised for this new Evidence of 
his fatherly Care for our young Settlement, to 
which He has inclined graciously his Excellen- 
cy. May He be pleased to presei*ve His & their 
Honours, the Trustees Health & Life for many 
vears to our Satisfaction, I wont trouble you 

76 Colonial Kecokds 

Letter to Gen. Oglethorpe Unsigupd. 

any more for the present, but commending you 
to God's ]ilessiiig-s, cK: me with my Fellowlabour- 
er .K: our Ffock to their iS: your Favour, I am 
Dear Sir 
Your most obedient 
very humble Servant 

John Martin Bolzius. 

(From B. P. K. O., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 
Letter to Gen. Oglethorpe Unsigned — 

Savannah July 29^: 1741 


Yesterday in the Fven, '^['. Duche Detd me 
your Excrll'^: Letter of y^ 21". w^*^: a Coppy of 
his Petition enclosed— I told him that I wo*^: 
advise w'\ Col Stephens (then out of Town). 
Accordingly this morning we sent to W. Duchee, 
hia^f'to^Mr. •■^' acquainted him, That it was not in our power 
to advance him the Loan of £ 50, out of that 
Sum a}>propriated by y^ Trusts for defraying 
the Incident Expences, having already disbursed 
near the whole of that Sum in providing for the 
Sev': Branches included under that Article. 
Such as Puhlick Buildings, Eepairs, Light 
House cV:<'— That we wo'': 'f) this Oportunity 
write to your Excellence, & sho'^ readily obey 
your ord". in paying that or any Sum of money 
in our ]V)wer— We therefore intreat you to 
favour us witli an order for the pa\Tnent of such 

Unable t 



Letter to Gen. Oglethorpe Unsigned. 

Loan and direct us in whose Xame (for the re- 
payment thereof,) his Obligation, shall be made 
to — Indeed one reason of our thus deferring 
the Loan to M'. Duchee (tho' not ment^ to him) Trustees 
was our not having heard from the Trust', for f °oin for 

six. month.*;. 

near Six Months past, and the Sums Remitted 
us for discharging the Estimated Expence of 
the Colony to Mich": next, being near Ex- 
pended.— N. B ; exclusive of y^ Sum of £ 1000 
— rec*^ C^ Cap' Thomson and the Sum rec^ for 
building the Church w'"' Sums yet remain entire. 

I have herewith sent an Abstract of some 
Sums of money, to y^ Am°. oT £ 551, p^ by me 
(%9 ord^:). for your Excell^'": Acco*., since I 
came last to Savannah; That if your Excellence 
please to send any BiJls of Exchange (for what 
Sums you think proper), AVe shall be thereby 
enabled to answer any paym^ : you shall order; 
and defray other necessary Expence for the 
publick Service, until we receive further in- 
structions from their Hon'"" : the Trust^ : — 

I shall not presume to give your Excellence 
any A ceo' : of what have lately occur 'd at Savan- 
nah (not doubting but they are better known by 
you already than I am capable of declaring 
them) Yet least vour Excellence sho*^. not have An account 

of a notice 

timely notice of a Representation, or Petition slmsSon^'lr 
to his :y[ajesty, Signed by Sixty one (including: ^l*%"es\y. 
Strangers &- Servants) at ^P. ?^[athews's on the 
24'^ : & 25'^ : instant, w'\ is to bo presented to his 
Majesty by S^: R'^: Everard & M^ Beaufine 
(^'^^. I expect soon to have a Copy of) I hope 

78 CoijOnial Eecords 

Ijettor to Gen. Oglethorpe Unsigned. 

you'l pardon me in giving tlii.s Brief Account of 
that Transaction — 

This Petition had been fram'd, & Shewn by 
S\ Kich'' : to ^[': Clee k others before M^ Duchee 
and OBryan went to Frederica, tho delayed be- 
ing Signed uutill their return, The foremost in 
tho List of Su])scril)ers were Fallowfield, Pye. 
n^f,ei T>nchee, c^- OP.ryan— The Petition Sets forth: 
Peuuon. Tlie great hardships they labour under on ac- 
count of the Tenures of their Lands — The ex- 
orbitant Quit Ivents demand^: Their not being 
allow*: to have Rum imported; w*^ Liq"": is so 
very necessary, especially to such as labour, in 
these hot Climates — The forbidding the use of 
Negi'oe Slaves, without whose labour the 
Conntn,' can never be Cultivated, That this is 
a truth, acknowledged even by those that for 
private Knds seem Zealous to deprive the poor 
Inliabitants of this Colony from the Benefit 
thereof, is evident. For General Oglethorpe 
himself (one of the Trust'.) makes use of Xegro 
Slaves on his own plantation Some Miles dis- 
tant from Savannah, &:c Therefore they pray 
&c. — What I have mentioned is the Substance. 
as the same was Read by M'. Xorris to those 
that came to sign the Petition on \^: '2o'^: in- 
stant- ])erhaps the Bear"": (Smithers) whose 
name is Subscribed thereto, may inform your 
Excel 1' more fully — 

Your Excellence having (by yo": of the IT'^: 
instant) acquainted me That Rob' : Williams has 
Said, That he had paid me £ 16, on Acco' : of his 

Correspondence 79 

Mt. Jones to Gen. Oglethorpe. 

promisory note, ^'\ being false; I tax'd him 
T\-itli it, He utterly denied his having Reported 
any such thing, not forbearing some invidious 
reflections on that Acco\ 

M". Mathews having told Tentorchy That 
yo': Excellence had order 'd me to deliver him 
five Horses, I assured M": Mathews That I had 
reced no Such ord^: yet; (w^^ I find M^^: Math- 
ews doth not beleive me in; For Tentorchy 
seems not well pleas 'd w'*-: me on that x\cco':) 
I entreat your Excellence wo^ direct me what I 
am to do in that matter. If such Horses must 
be got for him I must send to Carolina to have 
them bought. — 

I expect daily the Perriague, that went w**' 
Cap'. Thomson to Ch^: Town, to return w'^ 
some Corn, Eice &c v:'^ : shall Imediately order 
for Frederiea — 

I am &c. — 

To His Excelh-^ 

Gen'; Oglethorpe. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Copy of letter from !^Ir. Jones to Gen. Ogle- 
thorpe July 29 & 30 1741. EecT) 14 Nov^ 

Savannah 30^\ July 1741. 


This Boat not going off w'** : the morning Tide 
as intended, and M'. Duchee having taken a 

i .'jrrJi h'^qzo I 



..() .H /I .a raoiH) 


Colon L^L Records 

Mr. Jones to Oen. OKlethorpe. 

Mr. Ma 
thews in 
close con- 
with the 
remnant of 
the Junto. 

tions made 
by Mr. 

An endeavor 
to o^-^rturn 
order aj;d 

Sudden resolution to go to Fred^. — A Messen- 
ger liavin<r been dispatch 'd to M": Fallotrfield 
early this morning, who came to Town by 
Eleven of the Clock this day. And has been 
since at M'. Mathews in close conferrence w'^ 
the Remnant of the Junto left here — I think it 
my Duty to accf : yo': Excellence w'": the fol- 
low*^: Particulars from which I shall not pretend 
to draw any Inferences, But Submit the whole 
to yo"": Excellence. 

That ^P. Duchee hath frequently declared. 
That, tho' the Truster had advanced some mo- 
ney to him, to cany on his Potterywork, (w"": 
by the way exceeds the Sum of Four Hundi'ed 
Pounds Sterlinir, As by his Acco'. which have 
ready to transmit to the Trustees, will appear) 
Yet he did not reckon himself obliged to the 
Tru.^t for the -ame, because it was not their 
money, ])ut given them to lay out for the En- 
oouragem': of Setlers, and Improvements to be 
made in th.- Colony — That he (Duchee) hath 
dech'irtxl that he wo"^: not rest, untill he got the 
Act i)rohihiriim- the use of Negro Slaves re- 
pear<lan(l tin- jx'ople to have a Right to Alienate 
and Sfll tlieir Lands and Improvem■^ and also 
to elect tlir-ir Magistrates & Officers— 

That Ik- liath endeavour'd to overturn all 
ord': and (Jovemm': among us, amongst many 
other inst;in<-es of his Attempts for that Pur- 
pose— II.' has Publickly declared, That yo^: 
Excel h'Tir,' liad no Power or Authority to com- 
mand the >rilitia in Georgia, or to give Cominis- 


W^alter Fox to the Trustees. 

sions to Col : Stephens, or others for that pur- 
pose and that his ^fajesty could not grant you 
such powers. — 

I might (had I time) give many other In- 
stances of M': Duehees Behaviour & Conversa- 
tion, tending to disturb, if not subvert the peace 
& Tranquility of the Colony, which, as well as 
what I have mentioned, have not been tlie Sub- 
jects of private Conversation only, but have on 
all occasions been openly and industriously 
spread by him, as his avowed Principles & Sen- 

I am &.<i 

To his ExcelP. Gen'. Oglethorpe. 

(Prom B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

TEES FOR Y^ CoivOXY OF Georgia 

Att London, 




I have been very unwilling to be troublesom 
to Your Hon": But my gi-eat Misfortuns that 
I have met with Since my first Arrival hear 
wieh was bv the means and Recommendation 

o vf 'I ,a nio-r^^ 

.a'>'»«( i ."/•. 


Colonial Eecordj 

Walter Fox to the Trustees. 

Gunner of 
the town. 

of My Lord Carpenter Obliges me to it I having 
acted as Giiner of tliis Town ever sence y first 
Settlemen of this Colleny which hass took up 
groat i>art of my time for y^ first Year I had 
nothing for my trouble but Since I have been 
allowed one Shilling & Sixpence for every time 
I fired y*' Guns & often have been Obleaged to 
Give four or five Days xVttendance & y^ whole 
y': I have received has amounted but to betwon 
Eleven c^' twelve Pound wich allowance I took 
to be but to bare s-om Small Expence I having 
Complained to y^ Magistrates I was always 
Promised y' : y^ Hon"^^ : Trustees would Certen- 
ly Settle a Salary or order me Satisfaction for 
my trouble: but I never have received any thing 

struck by 
and burned. 

though I have Charged forty Pounds Sterling 
for four Years Service in M': Causton time 
thearcfour I hope y': Your Hon''': will take my 
Case in to Consideration for it tis very hard 
for a man to Spend his time & cant have Satis- 
faction Secondly I had y Misfortune to be 
burnt out a bout Six Years past Suposed to be 
Oca'^ioned by Lightining Sc lost all y': I had in 
y- World Except y^ Shirt I had on c^' r Chief 
reason was y': as I wass Gunner y* People 
thought y' to be Sure y': there must be Powder 
in y* IIous & I not being present to Satisfy them 
to y Contray no one Dared to Ofer to Save 
any thing so \\ my loss a ]\Imounted to a bout 
fifty Pounds Starling & M"". Causton Saving to 
me y*: Doubtles y^ Hon^'^: Trustees would 
order me Som amends I for Bore by his Advice 
having a Brief for mv frinds & Xeigh hours 


Walter Fox to the Trustees. 

wair willing to Contribute toward Asisting me 
in my Distress there fore lost y' : benefett & lick- eum^sTances. 
wise never had any thing from y"' Hon'"'"'. Board, 
wieh is y^ Occasion of my Still Labouring under 
very narrow Circmnstances being willing to try 
a bout Clearing of Land I went about it &: as 
Your Hon'^ : wear pleased to Order four Pounds 
Starling for four Acres after y'. I had Som 
publick work «L' was promised ready money for 
it but M"": Causton Stoped it for y^ Provisions I 
had taken out on y^ Ace': of Clearing so y' I 
could not go on for want of money theare fore 
I hope y': You^: Hon'": will consider my hard 
case S: as theare hass benn a great deal of 
money given for Charitable Uses & y*: I never 
received a farthing of it have always benn will- 
ing to Serve this Colony & have spent all most 
nine Years of y" Prime of my Years & by fair 
un proformed Promis have still Keep on But 
now if with out Assistance I must entierely be 
uncapible of ever doing for my Self Unless 
Your: Hon": do grant y^ A hove Eequest to 
him who is 

Your Hon": Most Humble & Obedient 

Servant AYalter Fox. 

Savannah Aug-ust 
r 1 : 1741 


Colonial Records 

Mr. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter from ^Ir. Stephens to Mr. Verelst 
DATED Aug G, 1741 Recd 16 Xov^. 1741 

Savaimali 6 Auo;: 1741. 


Feats of 
Dealers in 
Politics and 

.state of tlie 

The Feats of our iimvearied "Dealers in Poli- 
ticks and Scandal, have so required my close at- 
tention, to ol)serve what I could learn from 
thence, for a while past, that my design hitherto 
has been defeated from fulfilling those 
promises I made in my last of the 24 June & 1^ 
July V* Cap^ Thomson, of laying a few thoughts 
of my own before the honourable Trustees, relat- 
ing to the present troubled State of this Colony: 
but indeed there was little room for matters of 
Sj)eculati(:)n, while we have seen the Flame, so 
kindled (as is well known) among Rubbish, 
daily encreasing, & Proximus ardet. |From 
su(»h a heap of confusion, as appears in my late 
Journals, you'll imagine what a life they must 
lead at present here, whose Duty tis to stand in 
defence of those Rules laid down by their hon- 
ouralile Constituents, for their better govern- 
ing y'^selves hitherto: & whatever other 
measures (if any) may be prescribed in time 
coming by the same Powers; most undoubtedly 
they will equally require a strickt adherence to. 
But alass we are yet so far unhappy, as not to 
have reC^ any advice from their Honours, sigTii- 
fying their Sentiments on what lias passd, 
n\nr'- f^«-"» tumultuous proceedings first ap- 

'lit;. J:) 

Correspondence 85 

Mr. Stephens to Mr. \'erelst. 

peard so daring in Xov'^'' last, and have been 
gradually carried on, with little or no intermis- 
sion ever since, ^"hat can I attribute this to, 
but that their Honours Directions for our Be- 
haviour in these arduous Cases, have been in- 
tercepted? and the same apprehensions stick 
with me y*. divers occurrences, which I have 
attempted to lay before them, have likewise 
fallen short of their direction : but my hopes are 
every day renewd, that some gleam of Light 
will yet break in upon us ere long, which vnl\ ^g°^t|p l°J^ 
most assuredly conduct us right, thro' these ^'"°"" ^"• 
perplexitys, & give new courage to all such well 
meaning people as yet remain here. 

Among sundry articles, whereof due Mem- 
orandums have been taken by me to say some- 
thing to ; give me leave to allow the preference 
to 2 or 3 only, w''' at present I approliend most 
needfuU ; 'till a better leisure will enable me to 
write more fully. The appointment that the 
honourable Trust were pleased to make, for me, 
together with Mess". Jones and Parker, to 
issue the Sola Bills, &; to be accountable for 
what uses they were so issued, from Micass 
1739; I always lookd on in a twofold view: first 
as a strong instance of the kind opinion they 
were pleased to entertain of my fidelity; and 
next in consequence, I must consider it as a 
matter of too great Moment, for me to neglect 
all the caution I was capable of, in carrying 
those orders into Execution. After having seen 
those acc*^ sent away ^ Cap^ Thomson lately, 
^'^*' I conceive carried the time up to Michas 

86 Colonial Eecords 

Mr. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

1740 ; vt should liave been dispatcbd sooner, had 
it been in my power : I am now pressing it for- 
ward, as far as I am capable; that when Michas 
next comes (w'^'^ draws nigh) the like for this 
last year, may be transmitted without Delay, 
wherein I shall take care to see my self justly 
debited among others, witb what is owing by me 
to the Trusts. On this occasion I would open 
my thoughts a little farther (as my Duty re- 
quires) but fore.^^eeing That may occasion me 
to expatiate possibly beyond the compass I am 
bound to (jonline my self to, at present, in this 
letter; I liope shortly to find a fitter opportun- 

Under .^o many anxious thoughts, as have op- 
A Beacon prcssd uio (luilv of latc, nothing gives me so 

beinjr rut ^ • ' o o 

up at Tybfce. jj^^^^]^ satisfaction, as seeing the work for a 

licac'oii at TyI>eo going forward with great Ex- 
Mr. somner i,editioii, .Jc cciual Skill; Somner herein shew- 

a complete i > i ' 

hisTJshL.s. iug him>(;'li a compleat !N[aster of his Business. 
and he wants no assistance which he asks, y' 
we can help him to. It is carried on at Thun- 
derbolt, as well for the benefit of the best of 
Timber, W' grows thereabout (a defect too 
visible in the funuer, which was made of such 
as grew nearest hand, & that was mostly white 
Pine, as is said,) as also the commodious Car- 
riage by Water from thence, where 'tis to be 
wholly framed, ^^ ready to put together instant- 
ly, when they begin, on the Foundation, which 

house being is the oiilv tiling left good of the late. THien 

built four • . ^ 

than \he^' fiuisltd. 'twdl be 4 foot higher than the former; 
former. ^^^, jj^ ^j,^, ^^.^^ Ju.Jires opiuiou, not likely to suffer 



Mr. Stephens to Mr. Veretst. 

any Decay, in a great number of years. In the 
mean time the Old one (weak as it is) yet holds 
up its head; & possibly may a little longer: 
twould be happy if we could promise our selves 
to see it continue, till a Successor is ready to 
take its place : w^'' will not require many mouths, 
at the rate they go on ; the Timbers of the first 
Story being already framed : & I take it to be 
not the less valuable, because twill be done at so 
much less an expence than the former; as I 
promise my self will af/pear at the Ace' being 

My Journal to this present date, is so stuffd Journal 

with disagreeable matters, that tis enough and 
too much for me to refer to it: for such open 
Defiance of Authority has been advised and 
promoted, by Strangers, to a degree y' might 
justly create Terrours in the ^Finds of sober 
men, what Event was to be expected : and all 
this done without restraint from the Civil 
Power, by laying hold of those Boutefeus who 
came in among us, and after perpetrating so 
much mischief, went off impune: the like per- 
haps hardly to be instanced in any Province. 

I think 1 may venture an Appeal to all that 
ever I have wrote, relating to M^ Norris's 
Character; & I dare say 'twill appear what a 
friendly part I have taken witli him throughout : 
but if it shall also appear, y'. after he had 
possession of all he could expect from me, in 
as ample a Testimonial of his Behaviour as I 
thought he was entitled to : if (I say) after these 

stuffed with 

Defiance of 



Relating to 
Mr. Norris's 

Colonial Records 

Mr. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

Mr. Xorri.s in pr. 
motiny a 

A few 
samples of 

Mr. Duch. 
ee's Peti 
tlon or 




things, he shall bo found joyning with the late 
labal here, to raise accusations against honest 
men, and in petitioning the Throne to take this 
Colony into its own Protection, because They 
were not plea.sed with the honourable Trustees : 
I must then k^ave it to others to think of him as 
they see cause. During the time of the Con- 
clave, he thought ht wholly to estrange himself 
from me : W" 1 could readily have found a sort of 
excuse for in his favour; those Gentry keeping 
a good table. «.^' living much more plentifully, 
than the ordinary way in Georgia will admit of; 
and h<* wiio says Grace is entitled to a share: 
but if he eni|)l()yed himself so busily in promot- 
ing tliat Petition, as 1 heard by one who had 
sign'd it, lV' who told me M". Norris read it to 
him» cV: gave it him to sign: in such case what 
must wi> think of M'. Xorris '! The Truth of this 
nlu^t ei-rtainly apjiear in due time, whether he 
is chargeable with it or not. 

Pet nie send you a few Samples of what Mad- 
ness s(>enis to reign here among us; to that De- 
gree as might entitle us (I think) to be One of 
the Out Wnrds of Bedlam. 

W Durhcts iVnition, or Proposal (I know 
not what to call it) I conceive deserves the Pre- 
eminence; w'" i.v humbly submitted to the opin- 
ion of tlu' honourable Trust. I happend to ob- 
tain C'^piy of it; & he is preparing personally 
to back it. nud shew forth its reasonableness, &: 
great utility hefore their Honours. 

Tlie next is a Petition of Thomas Ellis, said 
to be ofr<'rd to the Trust; w'" I also made shift 



Mr. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

to get a Cop]n' of; & have taken ujion me to make 
such Observations on as in Conjunction v>'^^ M' 
Jones I can warrant. 

The hist is of such a nature, that f am at 
a loss what term to give it; uncertain whether 
'twill excite Indignation or Ridicule: but it may 
be requisite, to open the occasion a little, of sucli 
an elaborate Production from our renowned 
Kn\ You'll find, among m}' daily Notes, a little 
difference arising, betwixt Mess''' Parker and 
Jones; which gave the Adversarys to both, an 
occasion of hoping they might work up Parker, 
to conie into such measures as tliey were upon; 
& they so far prevailed wuth him as to sup with 
'em once or twice; in w'*" time, finding what 
lengihs they were running, he had enough of it ; 
& went near 'em no more: many Invitations, & An attempt 

, , , . . ". . . to get Mr. 

entreatys, were used, m vain, to u'et him into Parker mto 


their Schemes; the Kn' ])romising, y' whatever 
he would ask, to make him easy under his nar- 
row circumstances, should immediately be given 
(which could be from none but ^Fess" de Beau- 
faine or ]\[aekay) but he honestly withstood all 
such temptations, and adhered stedfastly to his 
Duty under the honourable Trust ; opposing not 

"^ Opposed 

onlv their Designs at the late Court, with great designs by 
calmness & resolution: by discharging that g^^^-^ J'^^'- 
Grand Jury; but likewise in all things else con- 
demning their Proceedings as unwarrantable: 
This drew upon him their deep resentment; & 
He whom so lately they courted, now became 
one of their principal Objects of hatred & 
^falice: in which Light we must look on our Kn' 

90 Colonial Eecords 

Mr. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

at the time of his departure, when he left the 
paper hehind him, ^"'^ this is a Coppy of, in 
form of a letter, directed to M"" Parker, to be 
conveyd to him (as it was) by their trusty 
Agent AVill Ewen.— But I shall tire you and 
my self too, in dwelling on fliese things; & shall 
only add a few words of that young unparalleld 
erts^given Villain Tlioui Eoborts, whom I wrote you of at 

chance to i t i 

sfeamiL' ^""^ ^^^lo^' lately, c^' acquainted you that I was taen 
^^^'"- putting him on his last Triall at Bewlie; hoping, 

so remote from the Town, he might be weaned 
from his Ptoguery, & reform a little; but from 
thence also, in a short time he made his escape, 
got to Town again, & was taken (as formerly) 
lurking under the Houses, & committing daily 
Felonys: wherefore Cap' Kent, being then in 
Sls^'.!!-"^" Town from Ani>-usta, & willing to try what he 

llvered Into ' ^ ^ , ^ .. 

custody, of ,.^^^^1,1 ,i,, ^vitli liim; 1 was veiy glad to deuver 
hiui into his custody; from whence it is to be 
lioped he rannot stray among Nations of Bar- 
barians: and the Cap' understands Discipline. 
If lie reforms, I may have him again when I 
will: but failing, his death were to be 
wi.shd for in the course of nature, the sooner the 
Itetter, rather than an untimely and shamefuU 
End— 'l^vo of my Servants times are now out : 
Two of Mr. whereof Arth Binks is one who was a Ladys 
fe^Jnts- Footman at Kensington & indented at the 
expired. OHii-e : the lirsl half of his time he proved very 
bad: but the 2 last years he was much mended. 
All the n-st. except one Boy, will be free in 2 or 
3 months more. Unless I can happily find 
means to get 2 or o others in their Steads, I fear 

Correspondence 91 

Thos. Jones to Harman Verelst. 

some per- 

I shall make a poor Farmer at last; which were 

a great pity, now I have attained to some per- [an^^^r. ^^ 

fection. I remain in all Events 

Your most assured humble Serv^ 
Will Stephens. 

To M'. Harman Verelst. 

P. S. 

•12 Aug. Having demanded a Coppy of the pj.gggnt. 

several Presentments of the Grand Jury at the S| fury 

late Court, for Curiositvs sake; the Recorder for™cun1)3- 

ity's sake. 

which I present you with two; the rest, which 
will require some animadversions on, I defer till 
my next. 

(PVom B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter from Thos Jones to Mr. Harman 
Verelst at Y^ Georgia Office — ^Westminster 
DATED Aug. 12 1741 Recd 14 Novt. 1741 


Savannah 12'\ Augiist 1741. 


The Hon'"" The Trustees their Interest in 
Georgia being at present in a declining Condi- 


Colonial Records 

Thus. Jones to Hannan Verelst. 

Sir Richd. 
in regard 
to the 
power in 
the Colony. 

The Colony 
in great 

letters rr 
latJxig to 

tioii; S\ Rich" Evcrard liaviiig persuaded tlie 
rnh;il.itnuts tluit tlie Trustees liave no property, 
nor ]>()\ver, in tins Colony; and that they have 
t't.riVited till. Charter granted them (as 'tis corn- 
only rei)orted)— The Confusion this part of 
the Colony is in at present, without any reason- 
a})Ie jirospeet of affairs altering for the better, 
gives but a :\relaeholy View When his Excell'^^ 
Gen' Oglethorpe, (to whom Col" Stephens & self 
have made our Reiterated Complaints, and Re- 
quests for Direction and Assistance,) hath not 
hitherto had Leisure to afford us any— Indeed 
I have for near twelve Months past seen clouds 
gathering a pace, (but had still hopes they 
would blow over) ; As you may find by what I 
have eomunicated to Col" Stephens, by Letters 
from Frederica, Copies of some of w^^ I've en- 
closed sent you 

I wait for y^ Return of a Boat sent to 
Frederica and then do intend (God willing) <j^ 
first Op-ortunity to write unto you. In the mean 
time have sent enclosed— his Excellency's Let- 
ters to me. relating to Duche— as also mine to 
his Excellence; Col" Stephens I suppose may 
give you a fuller acco^ of that Affair. 
I am 

Your very humble Berv\ 
Thos Jones 

Correspondence 93 

Wm. Hopton to Harman Verelst 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter from Mr. AVai. Hopton to Mr. Harmax 
Veri-xst 21 August 1741 Recd 14 Xov^. 1741 

Charles Town. July 22^ 1741. 

Since my last to You of y^ 25'" of April I've 
reced yo\ fav=-. of IS I)ec^ & 20 ffebry & have 
from time to time duly forwarded to & from You 
whatever I've reced for that Purpose, & Col 
Stephens readily Reimburses me all y* Ex- 
pences I am at relateing thereto. I am very 
much Oblig'd & return my Thanks to The IIon'"^ 
Trustees for their kind Assurance of readiness 
to serve me express 'd in vo"". Lre of v* 1S'\ of c^n^f bin 

-p. . ■ ' of Mr. Ham- 

liecem". I've many times waited on M". Ham- '^^rton. 
merton earnestly entreating him to take up his 
Bill, & am sorry to inform you 'tis hitherto 
without success, I having not been able to ob- 
tain any further payment than the £ 36 .. 13^ .. 6" 
mentioned in mine to You of IS April last, As 
Col Stephens signified to me that he approv'd 
of M^ Rutledge's opinion not to arrest him 
without Orders from The Hon'''^ Trustees, & as 
I've now little hopes of his paying it without 
he's sued in any Reasonable time, & in case of 
his mortality it may be totally lost, therefore I 
desire you Sir to inform their Hon""', hereof & 
desire they'll please to signifie their pleasure 
"whether I shall sue him or liow otherwise. 

Unable to 

Mi 'lo 

94 CoLoxL\L Eecords 

Win. Hopton to Ilarman Vere'.at. 

A famous Iiiclosed I soiid voii bv direction of Col Steph- 

"iff^ious ^'^ oils n fanioiis Narrative or Rather infamous 
published. Libel lately Publish 'd here. 

As Capt: Tlionison the bearer hereof will in- 
form yon of our News here I'll not further en- 
creass your Trouble, but am with great Respect 

Your most Hum" Serv\ 
Charles Town 21 August 1741. 


The foregoing is Copy of my last which went 
by Cai)t: Thomson, since which I've reced yo'. 
fav'. of 27''\ A])ril with y^ Lre & two parcels for 
M'. Stephens which I shall forward to him to- 
morrow, I've herewith Inclos'd a Packet I reced 
fnni! that ib'iit'. two days ago for your good 
self, As sevej-al Persons go Passengers in y^ 
W'ssel by wiiom this goes that lately came from 
(jcorgia, & as ^P. Stephens directed me not to 
(•ommit any thing he sent to their Guardianship, 
(fc as no otlier Vessel is hnediately going, there- 
fort- I th(Uigiit proper to put it under Cover to 
my iTricnd >P. 'I'homas Bond, whom you'l please 
to Reimburse the Expence he'll be at for Post- 
age of it I am 

Your most Humble Servant 
W°. Hopton. 

To M'. Ilarman Verelst. 

Correspondence 95 

Wm. Ewen to the Trustees. 

(From B. P. R. 0., P.. of T., Georgia. Vol. 22.) 

Letter from Wm Ewex, reod 2 Sei>t 1741 
ANSW^. 16 Do, To The Hox^^^: Trustees for 



Having some time agoe lay'd before your 
Hon", the losses I have Sustain 'd by my plan- 
tation; the hardships and difficulties I was 
drove too before I left it: I cannot at this time 
omitt acquainting your Plon'^: with the Unjust 
proceedings of ]\P. Thomas Jones ; who without 
any cause of OlTenee ; has many times too plain- 
ly Sho\\Ti me; the 111 will; mallice and Spite ^nd'Tpite 
he bares me; not onlv Striving to blast mv Ewrn" b?'°' 

J / 1 , , ^ . . "Mr. Thos. 

carrecter. (whereby to prevent my gittmg my Jo^-^^^;. 
bread) but also prevents me: Useing those 
means; whereby I Should Attain: to the bal- 
lanee of my A ceo': which is my just due. 

I have here inclosed to your Hon": my Acc\ ^l^, ^I'i^ 
Swoni before one of the Bayliffs; and the Re- 

in will. 

acct. sworn 
before Bai- 
liffs and 

corder of Savannah. sent'^to'^ 


I have often waited on ^P. Thomas Jones; 
and have desired him to Settle my Acoo'. so 
that" I might have it entred in the Store books; 
but it was all to no purpose: for he allways had 
an excuse ready so Sonne as he saw me come 
near him; and in a haughty manner; he would 
tell me: he was bussy; and that he had other 
affairs to mind. T apperhend that as vour 

IT : OM')A 'jti 10 'I'Hiiii 


ihsnniivf;^' lo ■fiiyiv 


Colonial Records 

\\m. Ewen to the Trustees. 

Mr. Jonts 
to the dis- 

Mr. Ewen 
unable to 
salary for 

Hon": thoiigrbt proper: to apoint M': Thomas 
Jones; Store keeper; and to Assist in Settling 
the publick Acc'^"; that yonr Hon': has order 'd 
him a SulYiriant Allowance for the Same : and 
that he Should Act in a mild manner, and Strive 
to make the people quiat and easy: under there 
misfortime.x. but in Stead of performing his 
duty in your Hon'": Ser\'ice: his time & thought 
is carryed another way : with the gains he dayly 
gits in traid with Coll". William Stephens in 
yonr Hoif ^ : Store, he all ways Seems to be ready 
and willin-: to add Affliction; to the Afflicted; 
but hate.s to be a friend to the distressed; 
neither can it be expected from Such men; who 
makes Interest there only views. 

The month.< Service mentioned in my Ace': 
was at the time; of M': Thomas Caustons leav- 
ing the Stores; and M': Thomas Jones receiv- 
ing them. 1 was left in Charge of the Stores; 
by M^ Caustons; but obey'd M'. Jones orders 
most of the time, this months Service M'. 
Jones Say'd he did not know of; and therefore 
could not allow of it: til he had Seen M'. Causton 
and that he Should certiiie it to him. Accord- 
ingly T Desired M'. Causton to goe with me to 
M'. Jones; (which he did) and W Jones was 
well Satisl'yed: and order W Pye to enter it in 
the Stori' book (and Say he would pay me this 
Ace': in Cash: at any other time but that In- 
stant: because he was in haste) this he Said in 
preasents (»f M': Thomas Causton; and M': 
John rye: but after I had left M'. Jones: he 
order 'd M'. Pye not to enter it in the books: 



Wm. Ewen to the Trustees. 

neither has he pay'd me the ^loney; but denies 
he ever Said he wou'd. 

The next Article in my Aee\ is for taking an 
Inventory of the Stores; at the time when M'. 
Thomas Jones was to receive them; this M"" 
Jones allows to be right but Says he has no 
orders to pay it: and that I shall be paid; (but 
how or which wav I cannot learn). 

The two following Articles h 
deliver'd to M^ Thomas Jones...., 

mv Servants 

AVhen I was making Imi3rovements on my 
land ; and had Used my Utmost endeavours with Sd V'"^""^ 
ray self and Servants : all that I could raise from maimarn 

, servants. 

the ground; (tho very good ot the kind) was 
not Sufficiant to mentain my Servants in pro- 
visions; Exclusiv'd of Cloaths; Sickness; tools 
kc: Thus seeing poverty Approching in the 
mids of Industry; I wrote a letter to Generall 
Oglethorpe at Frederica : desireing I have the 
Liberty to return m.y Servants to the Store 
again : Acquainting his Excellency at the Same 
time: that the produce of the Land: was not 
enough to mentain them in provisions, his Ex- 
cellency Agreeable to my letter: Sent orders in 
^rriteing to M". Thomas Jones ; to take my Ser- 
vants and to give me C" : for them ; According- 
Iv I deliver'd mv Servants to yV. Thomas Jones ; deliver 

' sei"vants to 

and they are now in your Hon'": Service, (but jinesf^but 
M^ Jones has not paid me nor giving me Creditt credif 'fv.',-. 
for them) 

The last Article in my Ace': is the bounty on 
r>0 bushell of Com in the Year 1739. 

'•{ n'i ni'jil} oijiii 

tjg Colonial Eecords 

Wm. Kv.en to the Trustees. 


This Year: General Oglethorpe gave orders 
for all the people that inteud'd to plant there 
lands; to meet hhu at his house: Accordingly 
they did; his Excellency in consideration of the 
peoples V,ad Crops the year before; did then 
promise they Should have a bounty on corn; 
pease; and pottatoes: I raise'd this Year 90 
tJp'^f bushells of (^orn and had it measured by an 
^Z^;'""'^ Olncer as it was ordered ; and a Certificate under 
his hand for the Same. I gave my certificate to 
M^ Thomas Jones and desired he would pay me 
th.e bounty money: Acquanting bim that it 
would be a great help to me: his Answer was: 
that he had no money and he could not pay it. I 
waited on W. Jones Severall times from my 
plant^ition: being 20 miles by water: and told 
him my Necessity; but he would not bear: pay 
me: nor Settle my Acc^: the last time I waited 
on him; he told me I should have come Soonr 
for now he had payd all the money be bad for 
that i)urpose. there is few men but my Self; that 
he has not jiay'd them all tbere bounty money 
he likes or half: (but it is to those that he likes best) he 
bIst'Arst. ^^j^^ ^^^^ ^ j^^ ^^.^^1^ ^jjgjj ^j^^gj, ^ i^^ the books for 

me; Accordin-ly he did: but it was about 12 

months after the time. 

1 have here also; inclosed a Coppy of my 
u"^£V Xcc' : as it Stands in the Store books ; which was 
?:Te^s "*" deliver'd me by William Russell who is ^?.. 

account _» 

Liuld. Jones l>ook keeper: so that your Hon . ma> 

plainly see: that it is M'. Jones intent: that he 
will prevent if he can; that ray Acc\ Should be 

Str. Jones 
paying those 
he likes 

.,«q j'.'.ti) 

Correspondence 99 

George Whltefield to Harman Verelst. 

Therefore; I Humbly intreat your Hon'': that 
yon will consider this my complaint: and Send 
me Some Speedy redress; least my wants come 
on too fast: and Necessity drive me away to 
some other place to seek my bread. 

^s I am truly Sencable of your Hon", justice 
and goodness, and that it is not your Hon'": in- 
tention : that any man Should be Oprest: by any 
of your Officers : whom your Hon". Confides in 
to Execute vour orders here. Therefore I hope ^ , . 

^ Complaints 

your Hon'", will not impute this my hard case ; ?°om*^d's^'^ 
to proceed from a troublesome; or Disrespect- dfsposuion, 
full disposition, but for want, and Necessity. I and pe. 
shall beg leave to Subscribe my Self; with all 
due respect. /Your Hon". 

Most Obedient Hum^'^ Servant 

To Command ■ , ; : 

AVilliam Ewen. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter from George Whitefield to Mr. H.aji- 
MAX Verelst— On board the Savannah 
bound from Charlestown to Boston 

Sep^^ 4^ 1740. 


On Monday just as I was leaving Charlestown 
I rec''. Yours dated Apiil 24^\ Lest I should of't^spe^di- 

tures rc- 

not have time when I come to New England, be ^'V^'^whiie. 
I>leased to accept this acknowledgement of the TrusteL.^^*" 

u ri \J ♦>*■• 

100 Colonial Records 

George W'hitefield to Hainan Verelst. 

nneipt of it from on hoard— But D^ S'. what 
shall 1 say.' 1 cannot ai)prove of the stile or 
drift of Your h-tter. Be pleased to inform the 
Jiouourahle Trustees that I never did, & never 
shall look upon myself under any obligation to 
give them a Particular account of monies col- 
lected or expended by nie for the use of the 
poor, or Orplianhouse in Georgia. They knovr 
full well that T gave them up my Commission as 
insigTiificant ^^v: no way suitable to my design. 
They know also that what has been collected for 
the Salburghers, Orphan house, & other poor of 
(Jeoi-gia has been owing chiefly to my ouii par- 
ticular interest, .V. therefore I have a riglit to the 
sole disi>osa.l of it, without consulting Colonel 
St('j)iieii<. or any other person whatsoever. 
When 1 come to England, the Publick will have 
.•'.n ev].|!cite ac.'onnt of every thing &: if any 
thing siiouid be wrong, the lion: Trustees will 
do well ti) set me right, & inform me liow to act 
betb-r for the future. I believe no one has the 
good of (boi-gia more at heart than myself. 
Contributions are dayly enereasing. Every 
thing goes (Ml surpriziugly without any Visible 
fund, (b.d blesses the Children with health & 
I often tlduk, as do many others, that the Or- 
hau«.^ihe"' I'^'-i" ^">"><' i> the Colony in :\[iniature. People 

Colony in 

Miniature. olauie uie if)r erecting an Orphan-house thei 


but (led 1 am i.ersuaded will shew that it is 
His (— Be pleased to inform the lion: 
Trustees that they need not be jealous of their 
Power. I never will endeavour to invade it, 
but yet will always strive to keep my self &: 

Correspondence iQi 

Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 


mine as dependent on God alone, as possibly I 
can— At my return from Boston (whither I 
am now bound) I hope to receive many more 
Letters from You, having; sent many v^\ re- 
quire an answer. I shall continue my corres- 
pondence as often as occasion rei|uires, but beg 
I may be dealt with Simply as becomes the 
Gospel of Jesus X'. Your last letter reminds 
me to give You this hint. You know full well S^ xever 
I never purposed to give any such account as ^llTluch*^ 
You require to the Hon : Tnistees &^ therefore desfr"^' ^' 
why should it be desired? But I have done. ^ruSees. 
Excuse this freedom. I write out of the fulness 
& simplicity of my heart. I profess myself a 
Minister of X\ & therefore suppose You will 
always look for nothing but plain dealing & 
Undisguised truth from S^ 
Your humble Ser^. 

George Whitefield 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter from Mr. Stephens to the Trustees 
Secretary 21 Sept 1741 Recd 1 Dec^ 1741 

Savannah 21 Sepf. 1741. 


You'll be so good to pardon me, that for brev- 
itys sake I begin my letter with begging leave 
to refer you to my Notes of the 4^^ instant, in 
the enclosed Coppy of my Journal ; where I have 



M .'i .a r<'(n'»n 





Mr, Stephens to the Trustees. 

of receipt 
of letters 
not to be 

Utter de 
of the 

■wished for 
by some. 

particularly taken Notice of all y' came to my 
haiul.s, w'' I rec' from the Trust that day, that 
came by the Mercy (Cap^ Wright) : and as it ap- 
pears from thence, how long those letters bear- 
ing (late in Apr last, have been on their passage : 
it shews at the same time, how little can be ex- 
pected with any ceii:ainty in due time, that we 
send from hence: for which reason I hope the 
honourable the Trustees will be good not to im- 
pute blame to me, if they fail of some things 
from Savannah, imnctually before the meeting 
of the Parliament, which they seemd to expect; 
but im])ossib1o now to be complyed mth in that 
space of time, as things have happend: whereby 
their Orders were so long detained. But this I 
dare promise faithfully; y* I shall give my self 
but little Kest in my mind, till I have seen their 
Comin.-inds fully executed, as far as in my pow- 
er, & without any loss of time y' can be pre- 
vented : tho' I oserve they are pretty much mul- 
tiplyd at this time, when so many Debates have 
arisen, by the Artifice, and ill will of some dis- 
afi'ected ]?eople; who have shewn sufficiently 
they wi.<]id for the utter Destruction of this 
Col on v. 

One of Col. 
failed to 
reach the 

To be as regular as possible in what I write, 
I cluise to begin according to the priority of 
date in what letters I have rec^: and therein S' 
your favour of the 24: Ap" stands foremost. It 
is with great concern I am informed, that the 
State of tlie Colony which I sent of the 20'\ of 
Nov' last, met with such ill Luck on its way: 
wliotlK-r it \v,'re intercepted by the Enemy, or 

i.':::ni:it'> » 

1-. I 

Correspondence 103 

Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

not deliverd, thro' the neglect of the Bearer, M^ 
Colleton ; -R-hom I ain unwilling to suspect guilty 
of so foul an action: the name of the Ship he 
went in (^r"^ I understood was omitted in the 
letter of advice) was, the Scudamore from 
Charles Town, bound to Bristol, in Dec^ last, & 
I would yet hope y' it found its way right at last, 
tho' late: for notwithstanding y^ Coppy of it 
was rec'. afterwards on the 8"^ of Apr, as you 
write ; yet tis a grievous disappointment to think 
that all those papers I sent with the original 
should be lost ; w"'' were of great use in confir- 
mation of what was therein asserted for truth, 
most solemnly. 

In like manner as above, I must again beg 
leave y' reference may be had to my notes of 
the 11'^ instant, where notice is taken of what 
came to my hands on that day, w'^^ was sent by 
the charming Betty (Cap' Wedderburn) but the a chest 
Chest for the Salzburgers, together with the Sd^^'^oT" 
Box for me, w'^*^ :M^ Hopton wrote me his sipS£ 
reasons for not sending them, I have not yet T7,^tiL^ 
receiv'd (for want of a ready conveyance, I 
must believe, for he is never wanting on his 
part) and I am daily waiting, as well as wishing 
for it ; presuming the contents are of great Im- 

From the time y' I ree'' the hon'"^ Trustees 
Commands, signifyd in your letter; as also in 
M'. Verelsts of the 27 & 28 Apr; I have been 
making all the preparation I possibly can, to 
have 'em fulfilld, and shall in my next transmit 

,[1 7 IIS 0,t- ^•((f*- ) 

'// ,. >r(l ir.'l /,"d 

• J'X-j 


Colonial Recokds 

Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

of dis- 

Cheat of 
stlk to t>e 
.«4«nt to ihi 





to Ket 


what I can get perfected in that time. Which 
I mean not to extend long. 

The Accompts of Disbursements &c for the 
year ending at ^lichas 1740, were sent by Cap' 
Thomson when he went hence in July last; k 
one cause of their not going sooner, was, wait- 
ing so long 1)eyond Expectation for his depart- 
ure. Those for the Year ending at Michas 1741 
are getting ready now, & ^ill go very soon after 
it, or it shall not be my fault: & I shall be glad 
it may appear to their Honours satisfaction. 
I would here add something, relating to the 
carrying on those Accompts : but as tis an affair 
y' requires nmch caution in delivering my 
thoughts on that Head; Time at presents will 
hardly admit of it; for I had but few hours 
notice of a Boat accidentally going for Charles 
Town ;inil as I have no good Opinion of the 
Patroon, so as to put much confidence in him; 
being one of those who, I fear, would rather 
disai>point. than promote, any Good to this 
Colony; I therefore defer sending the Chest of 
Silk mcntiond in my Journal of the 10'° in- 
stant ; intending it shall go with my next, among 
divers otlier things required; as many as I can 
}>ossibly get ready: and the Contrast which that 
manufacture stands in, in my Journal, betwixt 
the 2 last years, I hope will partly shew, by what 
Steps we are improving: an Attestation where- 
of will be sent with the Chest. Since the death 
of my ( 'lerlc I am at a great Loss ; this place 
not atTording any Choice: for a Bungler would 
be of little use to me, & a treacherous one of far 


Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

worse: such of our Maleconteuts a.s yet remaiu, 
making it a great part of their Study, to cormpt 
all about me they can: for W\ reason, I have 
not been able to get a Coppy transcribed of my 
Journal, from 6 Oct to 27 Nov^ last; (being per- 
haps a little more copious too than ordinary) 
\r"'' shall also go w'*' my next : But by means of 
coppying my own Journal of late, as I go in once 
in 3 or 4 days; I have that now ready to the 
date of this letter, from 7 Aug-t. inclus^ But 
I am in great Hopes, from w' I find in one of ^^^p^^ *» be 

-vf T^ supplied 

AL^ \ erelsts letters, I shall be supplyd soon, with So!^. ^''''' 
a proper person to be my Clerk as well as Regis- 
ter of the Province. 

Fi'om what you wrote me, concerning the Re- 
solution w^" the hon''^ Trustees are come to of S "'ResL""^ 

,..-,. ,1 . -r-. . . lutlon in 

dividmg this Province into 2 Countys, & ap- [tTuwt 
I)ointing me to preside, w"^ 4 xVssistants named, cZuf. '""^ 
in the Jurisdiction of this County: w^'^ a bounti- 
full Sallary appointed me; I am expecting y' 
That Constitution, with proper Instructions, 
among other affairs, will be found in the Box 
w^" I am looking foi', from Charles Town; y^ 
came ^ Cap' Wedderburn. How is it possible 
then for me not to reflect with indiiynation, upon 
w my unhapi)y Son has been busying himself I'tepUns^"'' 
about so long? At the same time, knowing his I'ilHsFm- 
Correspondents here, as well as his Associates u'i^rfU°n. 
now at Charles Town, to be men whose conver- 
sation he once avoided, as the Pest of the place 
they lived in : whom I have often heard him con- 
tend w'^ even to excessive heat, against the use 
of Xegros, & the pernicious consequence of 'em. 


Colonial Kecords 

Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

Changes of 
in Col. 
son mon- 
strous to 


Strokes of 
and False- 
hoiid pub 
llBhed en. 
titled: A 
of the 
State of 

That tlie same men, after such Beneficence too 
as he has found from tlio liands of the houour- 
abh- Trust, should kick against em; whilst at the 
same time they are so good to promote his 
Fatlier; is so monstrous, as perhaps few could 
believe, tho' 1 feel it almost to distraction, & 
words fail me to express my abhorrence of so 
much liaseness— But I still assure myself that 
in a little farther progress, r.ll their mischievous 
devices will come to Nought, and Shame attend 
the most harden 'd of 'em. 

The Impartial Enquiry Avhicli you were 
])leased to send me, I thanlv you very kindly 
for, but tirid little room for Emendations : if any 
thing 1 can offer, may be thought worth the title 
of Additions, to be laid before their Honours; 
I shall make it my Endeavour in my next, to 
collect such Gleanings as I apprehend will add 
to the Maintenance of that Cause, w^** already 
lja< Truth and Justice for its Support, & must 
surely prevail at last. Had I leisure or capacity 
to my "Wish, T would indeed be glad to make 
some return to those line Strokes of Ribaldry 
and FaUhood lately publishd under the title of 
a Narrative of the State of Georgia, by those 3 
^\'(>^■l}|ys who put their names to it: but if the 
Autlioi-s of it were in England, and dared hold 
their faces to so infamous a Libel; they might 
ex])P»t a AVhipping Post or Pillory for their 

U}K)n my sending Orders to M"" Hopton a 
^vhile since, not to be longer triffled with, but to 

Correspondence 107 

Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

sue M^ Hammerton for not paying of that Bill 

of £200 wbicVi he drew on M"". Saxbv, and was a'^Sm^^ 

by Mr. Ham- 

not accepted ; M'' Hammerton wrote me, that he merton. 
was making up an Account to send to the Gen- 
eral, of what Arrears were due from him, for 
the Kings Quit Eent of Lands holden by his Ex- 
cellence in Carolina; which would more than 
pay the Sum required of him by the Trust : I 
wrote to acquaint his Excellence with it, and am 
now waiting for his answer. But finding a 
paragraph in that letter, which I think of no 
small Import; tho' -^^^ote (as I take it) princi- 
pally as a meritorious act of the Writer why we 
should not deal vigorously with him : I here send 
as Extract of it. 

"S"" Richard Everard brought to me a long 

*=* ^ Extract 

*'comp>laint of M' Parker against M^ Jones &c i^i^ph" ^*th 
''on issuing out Your Sola Bills, & secreting the frnpon^" 
"Vouchers; but as I was very busy, k could not 
''record it, he takes it without. But Cap^ Mac- 
"kay has got the Great Seal to several papers 
"he is sending home by M' Beaufain to sue the 

The whole of it is so abstruse to me, especial- 
ly the latter }>art, that I am utterly at a Loss 
what to make of it; not knowing the least tittle 
of \y'\ complaints Cap' ^lackay has to make As 
to the former part, I have so frequently in my 
Journal of late, touchd upon a growing differ- u^n k 

° ^ difference 

ence betwLxt Parker & Jones ; particularly when ^f^^^t^S-ker 
it first appear 'd openly, on the IP*" of June; jones^' 
and afterwards gradation from time to time, 

i 1o '}\oihr OlI'I' 

') .W 'lo 

108 Colonial Record^ 

Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

after tiiat Cal)al was formed, I gave as exact an 
ace' as I could come at the knowledge of what 
pass'd, durin.<2: tlie Baronets presiding- in those 
Councells; wherein without partiality, or at- 
tempting to skreen M". Parker; I plainly related 
his being drawn in, to sit 2 Evenings, among 
'em; hut njH)n linding they were dri\'ing at such 
things as he could in no wise comply with, that 
he loft 'em ; & in all cases relrting to the Publick 
(particularly at the Court soon after liolden) 
withstood 'em as an honest man; AP. Jones t^ 
he readily joyning in every thing, at that time 
expedient, as if no difference had arisen: but 
what lengths he had gone before during his con- 
versation -vvith those people, I could never 
learn; and it must be supposed it was then he 
j)ut tliose comi)laints into their hands, which ]\P 
irammerton now wrote me of. As to my self, I 
am very easy under whatever complaints may 
be made (if any) against me: & 2vP Jones I am 
willing to believe will acquit himself of all 
fraudulent practices— But as I said in the 
former part of this letter, that it behoved me to 
be cautious in delivering my thoughts on y^ Sub- 
ject, least T should fall into an Errour; I hope 
twill not be deemd imprudent in me, if I take 
time to consider well of it till mv next. S\ 

Sir Richd. .>• i ^ 7-. -, 

E>erard and Kich' Evcrard and his companion in Travel 

Iravil! Mons^ Hector de Beaufain, I presume are well 

to^'^e ^^' on their wav now to London, with their full 

Budget oi (Jnevanees, intended (as tis said) to 

be laid before his Majesty; whom (if it may be 

believ'd) this M^ Hector has free access to at 

Correspondence 109 

John Pye to the Trustees. 

The Knisht" s 
of becom. 


any time— Thus far— & here I t<ike my leave 
of 'em: only the Knight has left this comfort 
behind him, for the Brethren: that upon his 
Majestys taking this Province under his o\\ti ji^thi^"" 
care, w^^^ they depend upon; He stands a fair iS'^Lph'' 
chance with his Interest, to return hither as sohcuo? 
Governour of it, or Chief Justice at least; when 
I may as well expect my Sons office to be Sollici- 
tor GeneraJ. I am 

S'. / Your very humble Servant 

Will: Stephens. 

To M' Benjamin !Mart>'n 

Secretary to the honourable Trustees 

for establishing the Colony of Georgia. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter from John Fye to the Hon^^. the 
Trustees — 

Savannah Oetob'': 4'*': 1741. 
Hono''^. Gentlemen, 

On the 4'^. of September last I had the Hon- 
our to Receive two Letters from your Honours, 
One Wrote by M' Benjamin Martin your Hon- 
ours Secretary' dated Ap'.. 24 Informing me }fX\t 
what the Business of the Recorder is : the other 
from M': Harman Verelst Acco^''^^': of Ap'. 27"^: r 
Informing me that your Honours had orderd 
M'. Stephens to Pay me the Allowance due from 

forth the 
of the 

) t \ . o 


CoLONiAi. Records 

John Pye to the Trustees. 

Mr. Pyo 






Mr. Jone.^i, 
Mr. Parkl- 
and M r. 
Mr. I>>e's 

Lady J>ay 1740 I have waited on M^ Stephens 
SLx or Seven times, Show'd him my Letters and 
pray'd him to Comply with your Honours 
Orders ; lie put me off from Day to Day under a 
Pretence that he must Consult M^ Thos^. Jones, 
till the U"^ : when he sent for me to come to him 
to the Store, W. Jones being- Present, they told 
me that your Honours Orders was not Clear to 
them and that they must AVrite to you before 
they could Pay me, but they told me that they 
would Compleat the time if I would take 40~ .. 
for it, and pay them the ^[oney I have Receiv'd 
(out of it), Amounting to 18^ .. 10^ which Sum 
I was Obliged to Kefuse knowing myself to be 
much "Injured. Upon which W. Jones told me 
that he would not agree to Pay me One farthing, 
unless the Baylifs Certified my Records, as M' 
Jones is my Hn.e?ny as well as ^P. Parker & ^P. 
Fallovvtirld (I am Likely to be kept out of my 
"Monry till 1 have an Answer from Your Hon- 
ours .^c Conse(iuently must want Necessarys of 
Life, I'nless Providence Provides some other 
^feans to Support my familly) I have Apply 'd 
to them all Severall times to meet and Examine 
my Records in Order that T might FoA them 
fair into a I'oard Record Book but all to no 
Puri>os<-, for they Act in this as in most other 
things, Put me off from Day to Day & :N[onth to 
Montli, but at the same time they say that the 
Records will not be Authentick, Unless they 
are Examind alter 'd & signed by them. 

x\s 1 am Certain their Intention is to hurt me 
if they can by all Possible Means, I thought Pro- 


John Pye to the Trustees. 

per for my Security to take two Copys of the 
Proceedings of Court; unless tliey isliould by 
force Oblige me to let tliem alter theui; And as 
they Consist of nothing but wliat is Truth with 
Plainess I cant consent to let tlieni do it, without 
wronging my Consience as well as Convinceing 
the world, who Knows my Capasity that they 
are Alter'd If your Hon""': shall think Proper 
to order it to be done. I shall Readily Comply. 
Your Honours may Judge the Usage I meet 
with Partly by the two underwritten Instances 
Viz', on the S'"^ Day of August last W. Parker 
& Mt Jones sent and desired I wouhl bring my 
Record Book and Pajjers to them to W. Steph- 
ens's, which I did, and while M*" Henry Parker 
and I were Examining some Papers, M'. Jones 
took out of my Registerd Bundle, a "Warrant 
which he had some days 1)efore Issued ag'. Rob'. 
Williams & whicli was Return *d to my Ofliee, by 
the Tythingman James Carwells & a Proper 
Discharge given by '},['. Fallowtleld One of the 
Baylifs. When I came home &.Examin'd my 
Papers I was much shock 'd Missing the said 
Warr'. & on the 12'".. I Suspecting W. Jones 
Ask'd him about it who Answei-M he took it out, 
^: said that it did not Ix'long to nH\ but to the 
<ioaler *S: therefore would not give it me. On 
tlie 16'^: of September likewise ^P. Jones sent 
for me to come to the Store, who as soon as I 
'■anie (_'hargM me with tnkeinu- from thence W : 
^'hristie's Record P,o<^lc. .\: brought W^illiam S::*'' "' 
Hussell Clerk to him to prove it; I was so much b*^^''^ ' 

, fiotn Mr. 

^nockd at the AfYaic being iutirelv innocent & <"'"'^»''^ 


CoLoxiAX. Records 

John l^e to the Trustees. 


in Trustees 
service If 
Mr. Jone.s 
is not 
calleU to 

knowing M' Jones to be my Enemy did not know 
what to Urge to Convince tbem of my Innocene'y 
M^ Jones told the other that it was of a Fel- 
oneous Nature »S: should be Considerd of &c — 
But M^ C'auston being Present told them if 
they woM Look among the Acco': Books in the 
Store tlu'V might likely fmd it, where as he said 
u])on search he found it— Notwithstanding M'. 
Tliomas Jones my Accuser did not so much as 
Acknov>i(Mlge his Mistake; I have wrote to Gen- 
oral Ogh'tlioriH' of the Aft'air & must Beg Leave 
to say, that if Your Honours dont call M". Jones 
to an A ceo', for his Behaviour to me, I shall not 
he able to Continue in your Honours Ser\dce. 
As 1 have always waited upon the Baylifs & 
done their lousiness when Eequired; On the lO'*' 
of S(')«t«Miilu'r hist they took the Liberty, to send 
for Hit* ».V- told nie that they had agreed, that I 
should take the Depositions of the Sailors who 
bro'. into this Port the Ship Ceasar who upon 
my Kffu<ing Doing it, told me that if I would 
not dn their Business should not be paid any- 
thiii;.'; 1 told them I would Obey Your Honours 
Orders in all things, & if you orderd me to do 
tiiat or ;iny (;ther thing I would do it with a 
great d.<'a! of Ph^asure wliich Y^our Honours may 
always Depend on as far as my Abilit}^ will 

\i my Credit should fail & Necessity Oblige 
me I hope your Honours wont take it Amiss If I 
should Diaw a Sett of Bills of Exchange for the 
Ballauv-e of my Account, Amounting to 63^ .. 
15'/ or thereabouts. 


Jas. Carvrels, Supposedly to the Trustees. 

I hope your Honours will excuse this as well 
as all other my Weak Actions, wlio am a Well 
wisher to the Colony «S: also 

Your Honours Most Dutifull 
& Oblig-'d Hble Servant 

John Pye. 

P. S. Savannah (if it was not for the 111 Man- 
agement of the Gentlemen Appointed by your 
Honours here, «S: the Indolence of those that 
should Manure the Land) would be the Most -^ ^'%^ ^^ 

' the Inha 

Delightfullest Place in America ; I have inclosd savl^n?^^i 
a List of the Inhabitants with an Aceo'. how xl-ustles. 
they Employ their time now, & have done it for 
12 Months past. 

To the LIon'^'^ the Trustees. 

(From B. P. B. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter from Jas Carwels, Supposed to be to 
THE Trustees 15 Oc*tober 1741 Eec^ 15 Jan- 
uary 1741 (sic) 

May it Please Your ilonours 

In pursuance to your Hon'"'. Direction, and 
Order, that every Land Holder here should -^^l *^l'l,% 
represent his Case. I do my Self the direction 
to obev it — 

Lana \\< 

to rci'Tt' 
sent hi- 

In first acquainting you in Case your Hon": 
by multiplicity of Business have forgot that I 
hav^been one of the rtrst Settlers, and, nomi- 

'i'M oT 

7 9!^f5'»!M ji vkK 

114 Colonial Xvkcokds 

Jas. Carwela, Supposedly to the Tj-iistt 

nated a Tytliiiig-:\lan; But as boing the only oiio 
who under, ill f\)st tluit iiiulei'stood ^lilitarv Affairs 


afTaifJ^-' ^^'^^ oliligod to act as adjutant to exercise our 
Freeholders as Militia and likewise as Con- 
stal)h'. under ninny who understood nothing of 
y Mattel- y which office took u}) almost my 
Time tlio' not a lowed any extraordinary allow- 
ance for my time and that it oecasiond that 
after having elcard and planted my five Acre 
Lott 1 lost tlic henefit of my Crop.— 

The S'': of Jan'- : 17.")6/7 I received orders to 

Given oidiis ^i • cotit t^ 

to take take possessioii ot y Jayl under y^ Denomma- 

ot^theTiil. tion of Master of the AVork-house at 12^ : Caro- 
lina Curr- : V*^: Month but only provisions for 
my Self. Tho' it was agreed that I should have 
two Servant-; which I never had and all Utencils 
required for Cooking c^-c for y*" use of Prisoners; 
yei 1 \va< obll-cd to purchase those utencils at 
my own Kx pence even to a watter Cask, and 
after al»ove two years in ye Office,— I was dis- 
<-harged \- li""^: of :\farch 1788/9 onlr receiving 
my Sal:;ry of PJ '- -. vr .. :\ronth : without any otlier 
<*onsid. -ration; ui)oii which Snd<leu discharge I 
ileliv.-r'd in a P.iil to M^ Tho': Jones to be pre- 
sented to his Kxcellency Gener': Oglethorpe 
whicji lilll was never answer'd and in which I 
charg.-d V: (;' y^ day for y' above wanted at- 
went as ten.hinc' .V Charges After this Disapointmeut 
on'the'ex. I d.'partetj y <)••■: of :\ray as a Volunteer on v^ 

pedition . . 

AuliVstine. I^^^I'*"^'""" ''t S= Augustine upon His Excel- 
lency's Pronii «-ses that he would give me En- 
couraL-enieiit v.hioh Tie did not 'till v^ l"' : of 


Jas. Carwels. SuppuseOly to the Trustees. 

biidle and 
with life. 

June after where then I was enter \1 as a private 
Ranger at 16 ^. Car : Curr> : r^^ montli ; I was on 
y« party Ordered at y« [torn] nson and in y^ 
Skirmish that happen 'd there where I nuhappily 
lost ^jointly with Many others j- my Horse Sad- ^a,!die"an!' 
die & bridle & Narrowly escaped with my Life 
y Horse I had received but five Days before and 
y* Saddle & Bridle cost me 1^ .. 10^'^ .. Ster: & 
tho' y^ Horse was taken from y« Spaniards yet 
I was Charged for 5" Ster: in my Ace*: jointly 
with two pounds Sterl: that I reeeiv'd at y 
Metanzys for reclothing my Self as well as 
others in my Escape, these jointly to many 
other Cases in which I have been hardly used 
here, the enumeration of which would take up 
too much of your Hon'"\ time to peruse. Thus 
may it please your Hon" : by my Hopes having 
been baffled by unperform'd Promisses, and by 
nye nine Years of my time zealously expended 
here in publiek Servises without a deserved re- 
ward, unless that growing Stricken 'd in years 
and unable to perform liai-d Labour and now 
reduced to very low and melancholy Circum- 
stances; llierefore I humbly hope that your 
Hon", will take my hard Case into Considera- 
tion & be pleased to redress it by ordering y^ 
Paiment of my Bill of Charges when .Master of 
y Prison, & Some reward for my extraordinary 
time expended when acting as Adjutant & Con- 
stable &c Or in any other maner that Your 
Hon'^ shall be pleased to Judge proper Sz for 
which great Favour granted T shall ])e ever 


Colonial Rf.coeds 

Letter from Tlios. Jones. 

Obliged to 8ii})>cTible [sic] my Self with y' 
utmost liospeet 
Your Honours 
Most Humble 

Most Obliged and 
^fost Obedient 
James Carwels 

Deated The V)"" October. 1741 

(From P.. P. K. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 
Pkttkk from Thos. Jones 

Savannah. 23^ October 1741 

A Varitty 
of hetero. 
and inon- 
strous pro- 


1 take this Oportunity to communicate a few 
Minutes «t ol)servations I've taken during the 
time y' liob' Williams, and his Baronet, So- 
journ<'d W" I's, this last Summer. 

1 would not iiave presumed (had I Leisure & 
C'apacity) to have troubled You w"' any Narra- 
tive ot" Al'fairs or Transactions in Georgia, were 
it not, that this last warm Summer had pro- 
diu'cd Surh a X'ariety of heterogeneous »S: mon- 
strous I'roductious, That, Colon" Stephens (I 
judge) could not transmit a particular Acco^ 
thereof to their Honours. 

Correspondence 117 

Letter from Thos. Jcnes 

W. Robert Williams having form'd a Party, 

by means of S"" Eiehard Everard &: ^V William uuiiSs'" 

^ • CI 1 -1 • 1 • forms party 

>joiTis, bpared no tost or pains, to bring" about to bring 

about d* 

Mr. Henry 
j'> re vailed 

his destructive Scheme, M"^ Fallowfield & Pye 
being willing & early Votaries. They at length 
prevailed with ]\P. Henry Parker (on the 8'*" 
June) to enlist in that Service, by means of his 
beloved Liquor, which they took Care to Supply jo^h^m?. 
him with, both in Town & Countrey, and kept party. "^^ 
him warm &. Steady, until Our Court day, (the 
7^^ July) — At which time, A Grand Jury, which 
had been agreed to be empanelld, by the two 
Bayliffs & Recorder, w'" the Advice of S"" Rich- 
ard, appeard, «S: were Sworn in Court — It had 
been usual to give the Juiy, when Sworn, some 
Advice by way of charge. But after Some 
^Minutes Silence, W. Henry Parker directing 
his Speech to the Jury, Said, Gentlemen, If you 1% SeJ^h 
know of any matters proper to be laid before y*" 
Court, you will consider of them, And if any- 
thing comes before us We will acquaint you with 

The Forenum (Robert Williams) desired. 
That the Court would appoint them a Messen- apSteS^^'" 

by the 

ger, whom thev could Send on Errands, which court to 

^ ' •' ' send on 

was granted: And an order was made That the *'^^^"'is- 
messenger be paid two shillings Y* clay, during 
the time he should be em})loyd by the Grand 
Jury, out of the Sum Appropriated by the 
Trust", for the Execution of Justice &c. 'I had 
'at y** Request of j-* other Bayliffs, often, on such 
'Occasions, delivered my Thoughts by way of 
'Charge to y^ Grand Jury sworn, concerning 


Colonial Records 

Letter from Thos. Jones. 

Mr. Brown 
field Fore- 
man of the 

of the 

'their Duty — What Matters were the Subjects 
'of their inquiry, and how they were to proceed 
'in their Knquirys therein— At y* Court in 
'April hist, M'. Brownlield being then Foreman 
'of y' Grand Jury, (who, I knew to have aprov'd, 
'and Still was fond of, the Kemarkable proceed- 
'ings of the .Jury in 173S, when M"". Williams 
'was their Foreman (I told tliem Inter Alia) 
'That they miv:ht and ought to present all 
'Nusances, And Such Olfenjes as were ag' his 
'Majesty's Peace, or tended to destroy the 
'property, or disturb the Quiet and Welfare of 
'his Ma'^" Subjects in this Colony, that came to 
'tlieir knowledge; Tho' the same were not bro't 
'before them by way of Bills of Indictm\. — But 
'when any Bills were presented to them. The 
'same ought to be drawn by the Recorder, or 
'other Oflicer, whom the Court should aprove 
'of, And the \\'itnesses to such Bills must be 
'Sworn in Court, to give Evidence thereon, in 
'presence of One (at least) of the Jurors, who 
'was then to take these Bills (The Witnesses 
'Names being first endorsed thereon, & markd, 
'Sworn.) to the Juiy in order to their being by 
'them exanuned — I added. That I knew this 
'to !m- the constant Practice of the Courts of 
'Sessions and of Grand Jurys in England, which 
'I had for Some Years been acquainted \vith, 
'But referrd my Judgem^ to y" opinion of my 
'Jirethren M\ Parker then said. That what I 
'had recomeuded to them was the Opinion of 
'the < 'ourr. and hoped the Grand Jury would 
'regard it as Such — I then recomended to 

Correspondence 119 

Letter from Thos. Jones. 

'the Jury to consider what they had Solemnly 
'Sworn to — That they would make true pre- 
'sentm' of all such matters & Things as Shall be 
'here given You in Charge. — 

The Jury having withdrawn, went to the 
House of Andrew Grant, where the Recorder 
attended them. (The Court being Adjournd to The ad. 


y* next morn) And there administred an Oath §"tbe'^" 
to Such Persons whom the Grand Jur\^ sent 
for — 

To make true Answers to such Questions as 

the Jury should ask or demand of them: Some 
of the persons, so Sent for desired to know, 
What Matters or Things they were to be ex- 
amined upon ; but could have no other Satisfac- 
tion or Answer. Thau, That they must take the 
Oath required. 

The next morn (July 8"^) The Bayliffs & Re- 
corder being met in Court told them — That 
Several of the Inhabitants complained to me. 
That they had been sent for (yesterday) to at- 
tend the Grand Jury, and compelled to take an 
Oath, Ex Officio, before the Recorder, W. H. 
Parker, said That he heard the Same Complaint 
made, & That he had dechired his Opinion, (yes- 
terday) to W. Fallowtield «S: Recorder, That he m/an^ 

* ^ ' Oath at 

judged, The tendering an Oath, at large, to any '^'■^^■ 
person, obliging him to answer Whatever the 
Jury should interrogate him upon, especially 
when done by a Singh.^ ^Tagistrate. out of Court, 
to be illegal, And contrary to the declared Opin- 
ion and Order of this Court — ^V. Fallowfield 

120 Colonial Records 


Letter from Thos. Jones. 

replyed. The Ixeconler hath power to administer 
Suck Oath, and will })e justified in what he has 
done— I then Said, That I was well assured, 
The Recorder nor any other, had legal power to 
administer, much less require any person to 
take, an Oatli Kx Ofiicio, thereby obliging- him- 
self to answer all Interrogatorys touching every 
matter, indefinitely— The Same being contrary 
to tlie first Great Charter of English Libertys— 
It is a known ^[axini in Our Laws (and often 
in the Mouths of Englishmen) No man can be 
obliged (on Oath) to accuse himself of a Crime; 
ITiat tlie Oath latelylmposed by M' Recorder 
liad drawn Some, unwarily, into that Inconven- 
wardr'^rp.. ieucy, wiis evident, by what ]\F. Jas. ^\"ardrope 
t§"L^vc'''' (now present) declared to me, That he was 
yesterday Sent for and compelled to give E\d- 
dence. on Oath, before the Grand Jury, to a Bill 
of hidii'tm' {treferred by them ag^ John Gold- 
wire and Sin^-e returud to this Court, a True 
Bill-- \Vliether the Offence wherewith Goldwire 
is rhan;-e(l be of that Nature as to involve Ac- 
cessories in the Same Guilt, I would not deter- 
mine lUit yV. "\\'ardro}>e, by the xVcco'. he has 
related to me. of that matter hath acknowledged 
liiiii.-"]!". t(» be 1 what's called) Particeps Crimi- 
nis: I added — Now having mentioned M"" 
Wardroj.e - 1 desire to know of M"". Recorder, 
Wliether he administred An Oath to M'. Ward- 
rope Ijefore his being examin'd by the Grand 
Jury f The 1^'corder answered Yes — I desire 
further to know, AVhether the Oath was admin- 
istred to. and taken by M"" Wardrope in the 

Correspondence 121 

Letter from Thos. Jcnes. 

usual form, by laying- bis Eigbt Hand on tbe 
F]vangelists, and tlien kissing- tbe Book? Tbe 
Keeorder not answering: yj Wardrope stood 

Manner in 
which oath 

up, and said, Tbat lie bad often been Sumoned rn'nisWed 

to Mr. 

to attend tbe Service of tbis Court (Since be ^^'^''^^op*- 
came into tbis Colony) and required to take an 
Oatb by laying- bis band on tbe Book; wbieb be 
always refused to comply witb, being against 
bis Conscience, (looking on tbat Fonn to be un- 
lawfull) ; But at Sucb Times declared bis Readi- 
ness to take An Oatb, by lifting up bis band 
towards Heaven, tbereby appealing to tbe 
Searcher of Hearts, for tbe Truth of what he 
should declare. Yet was never admitted to bis 
Oath till Yesterday— Tbat tbe Recorder gave 
it him in that Form, by lifting up bis band to 
Heaven : 

I told M"-. AVardrope, That (for my part) I 
greatly aproved of bis inirsuing tbe Dictates of 
bis Conscience in this Matter, as I doubted not, 
he did it in all bis Concernm'": But it having 
been tbe declared Opinion of tbis Court at all 
times, (especially on a late Occasion). Tbat no 
person sh^ be admitted to bis Oatb, who refused 
to take it in tbe Usual Form practiced (if not 
prescribed by Law) in England — I did not 
think What had been lately done by M". Record- 
er therein, quite so regular. M'. Fallowfield re- 
plyed, That tho' he had been of a contrary Opin- 
ion, Yet he was now well assured. That what 
the Recorder had done in administring the Oath 
to M^ AVardrope was right, And tbat he advised 
and Aproved of it. 

n.'f-.'J m!) .'ir )i r-d/sl ot 


Colonial Records 

Letter from Thos. Jones. 

A bill of 
and Rich 
ard Kent. 

Copy of Mr. 
Letter to 
Mr. Kr.tser. 

Mr P.i.hani 

by Cienl. 

Acted with 
and care. 

The Jury then coming iu, delivered into 
Court (anions: others) a Bill of Indictm' found 
by them against Kenneth ^lackensie on y^ Oaths 
of S'. Kich' M' Xorris & Kenedy Obryan for 
0{)ening, iS: divulging y* Contents of a Letter 
writ hy S'. Rich' to Obryan — And also a Bill 
of Indictnient against Eichard Kent for issuing 
Warrants t^- obliging i)ersons to enter into Re- 
cognizances, with Sureties, before him; he not 
having any Authority for So doing — As also 
another Bill ag' the said ]\P. Kent, for not taking 
y* Oaths, ai)pointed &c. 

In order to explain y" Occasion of these pre- 
sentm"*. (Copys of which, I suppose, have been 
sent you) — In June last S"". Richard, being- 
then at Savannah, Sent a Letter, by one Gideon 
(servant to Mackensie) directed to Kenedy 
Obryan at Augusta, who deliv'' it to Obryan ac- 
cortiingiy — Some time after ]Mackensie writ to 
M\ Fra<t'r, (his partner then at Savannah) Of 
wliicli tlie enclosed is a Copy, which was soon 
ma«le j-ublic — 

His Kxcj'Ueiicy, General Oglethorpe, when at 
Auiru>ta, in 17:!!); appointed Richard Kent Esq'. 
(Ciuiiander of that Fort) by Comission un- 
«ler his hand Seal, (w"-** Comission I have Seen, 
i)nt havf no Copy thereof) A Conservator or 
Justice tif th<^ Peace for Augusta, and the Indian 
Nations within y*^ Colony of Georgia, By Virtue 
(as nu'iiti(»nd therein) of Powers granted him 
by Hi- Ma.i.-sty— M\ Kent acted as Such, w'*' 
gr<Mt piiid^-nce vV Care (so far as we have heard) 


Letter from Tin 

to the general Satisfaction of al,l y*" Indian 
Traders, by reconciling tlieir DiiYerenccs, there- 
by preventing- many litigions Suits. And by his 
good Conduct Kenedy Oln-yan and Sam" 
Brown, (otherwise lawless) were kept within 
some tolerable bounds, Untill S'" Rich'' Everard 
went to Augusta, last Spring, where his great 
knowledge in the Laws, and his ])owerfull Inter- 
est in England being known, ^r Obryan, enter- 
tained him at his house, and advanced him three 
hundred pounds Sterl for the like Value in his 
Bills of Exch\ on his Banker in London {which 
are since returnd, protested) — This enabled 
the Baronet to take a Journey to the Cowetac ^ \nsit 
the ])rincipall Town of the lower Creek Nation — Baronet 

^ ^ to the 

Where being arriv'd, He procured One AYrigiit cowetas. 
(his Interpreter) to inform Chiggelae, the Em- 
]ieror or Chief of the Creeks, that he was a 
person of Distinction, and a Beloved ]^[an of 
the King of England — Chiggelae thereupon 
with his Chief men appointed an Interview, 
where being come and Sot down — Chiggelae 
askd him: AVhether he lind ])rouglit unto them 
a Talk from tlie Great King.' The Baronet 
answering. He liad not — Cliiggelae Askd — 
What then had causd him to undertake So long 
n Journey to See them! The l^nron'. answered 
— lie came there to lye with their Women — 
Chiggelae then Standing up took y" Barronets 
Gold laced Hat oiT his head, putting it on hi; 
own, and gave him an OKI hat in Exchange, lu^'^v.a 
Saying, when any of his l^aughters wanted an 
husband he wouhl send for him; This Acco* we 

nswer to 



Colonial. Recokus 

Letter from Th< 

Harrifs and 

examinee! b\ 



had from three Indian Traders then at y" Cow- 
(•tas— hut have hoard it more fully since, from 
Wri,i::ht, c^' Clii-.^-elae himself, who was much 
olTended at y" Baronets l)ehavior, and told him 
that he Sus])ected, he had escaped from the 
Strong- TTouso in England — 

About ont^ of y" Clock, The Court adjourned 
to 8. next juorn but the Jury continued their 
Inquisition the remainder of that day, & y^ next 
mornin.u:, by sending for people and examining 
them, on Oath— They sent for Francis Harris 
,V AVill'^^ Kussell, and obliged them, on Oath, to 
answer to tlie following Interrogatories. 

What Sum of ^loney had been sent over by 
the Trustes in Copper, & received at y* Store ? 
— For what purpose the same had been sent? 
And to vrhom tlie Said Copper was paid. 

Wliether they did not know, or hear. That the 
Trustees had Sent over Five hundred pounds 
to be distributed to the Inhabitants? — How the 
Said Sum had been api)ly'd. 

Wheth.T Col" Stephens & W Jones had Sett- 
l.'d llu'ir A'To" with the Trust. 

Oil the !>\ July. The Court having sent for 
the .Jury, al»'. Eleven in the forenoon, to attend; 
wlio Ix'iiig come, were ask'd If they had any 
Hills ready, or presentin'". to make; They an- 
swered, Xo,— W Parker then told them, Tliat 
the C(»urt was of opinion. That they (the Jury) 
ouirht not to re(}uire or com]K^ll persons to at- 
tend tliem, ^^- 1>«^ examined upon Oath — But on 



Letter from Thos. Junes. 

their Application. The Court would cause such 
persons to be Sumou'd & Sworn in Court to give 
Evidence to any Bill or presentment before the 
Juiy. The Jury thereui>on grew very wann & 
clamorous; alledging. That they knew their 
Duty, & were not to be direr-ted therein by y*" 
Court, That it was the Right & Custom of all 
Grand Juries to send for, & examine, on Oath, -^ question 

' 'as to the 

whom they pleased, & touching what matters orli^d °^^^^ 
they tho't lit; M'. AYilliams, Foreman, said That 
when he was on a Grand Jury at Monmouth. 
The AVitnesses were Sworn out of Court by a 
Single Justice 

M' Henry Parker reply 'd. That what they 
now mention 'd had been once before insisted on 
by a Grand Jury in this Coui-t. xVnd that the 
Tnistees had since given their Instructions re- 
lating to that ^fatter — Col" Stephens, (being in 
Court) stood up and Said, That the Trustees 
having writ to him about that ^^fatter, he had 
acquainted the Court with their Opinion & 
pleasure therein; And that the Same had been 
publickly read by the Recorder in open Court; 
M^ Williams & Brownlield. said, That If the 
Trustees had ever sent any Instructions, the 
Same had been concealed, and that they never 
had been read in Court as they were well as- 
sur'd, And thereupon, they, with Mackay, 
Duche', & Burnsides (uttering many reproach- 
full Expressions) insisted. That Col". Stephens 
should be ordered to come off the BencTi, where 
he Sat, And that he should not l>e sutTered to 
Sit so near to tlie Magistrates; The Court, find- 

The Truis. 
tees' In. 
in regard 
to Grand 

Mackay a 
Duchf e's and 
fi'forts to 
^-et Col. 
<ifi Bench. 


Colonial Eecords 

Letter from Tho«. Jones. 

Letter to 
Mr. Caustoii 
a copy of 
Law Dic- 
tionary ami 

Sir Rich 
ards oi>iii 
ion toucli 
ing Grand 

Sir" Li(.h 
ard's ge.-< 
tures ari< 

ing that tlieir Clamor could uot be appealed, 
directed That tlu' (Jraud Jury be adjoiini'd. 
And, then, th{> Court, to '} in the afternoon (M". 
Fallowiicld dissenting) 

lu)]}' Williaiii.-^, ?^raccay, Duche, Brownfield, 
».V: ['.uni.-ides lia.^tened then to S'. Itichard, at 
darub Matthews 's; from whence a Messenger 
was dispatched to W. Canston, with a Letter 
from S' Kichard and another from Mistres 
[Maccay, re(inesting him to Send them "^ Bearer, 
Jacobs Law Dictionary, tS: another Book, called, 
Lnglish Liberties, using this Argument. For 
our A flairs require an imediate Enquiry- into 
sonie Law Points. Another Messenger followed 
the former, with a Letter from M". Browufield 
to M"". Caustou, w^'' the Same request, (which 
Li'tlrrs M'. Caustun s]i(;'w<'<I unto me) — About 
- in the AfteriK^on Bob' AVilliams delivered 
unto W. I'aikor at Col" Stephens's house-— S'. 
KMclr" Opinion in Writing touching Grand 
.iurys; Col" Stephens being then present, and 
also at the Oj.ening of the Court, I need not 
relate what then passed — 

Th.- .fiii-y bring dismissed. S^ Richard & 
Hob'- Williams came & Sat on the Bench next to 
M'. Fallowlicld— S-" Richard's Behavior and 
Ci'.-tun-s, (as also M^ Fallowfield's) being very 
Sin.gidar-1 addressd ray self to the other liay- 
litTs. (havin- first writ down what I inten.h^d to 
Say, cV- then read the Same), That One. who 
calls himself S'. Richard Everard Bar^ iiaving 
Sojourn M among Us for some Weeks past, had 

\0 ..,ir In 


Letter from Thos. Jones. 

in that time comitted Several Disorders, by 
Quarrels, Breaches of the Peace, and the like; 
of which Complaints had been frequently made, made of 

^ * sir Rich:ird. 

Yet hitherto no judicial proceedings had been 
comenc'd against him, for those Disorders. He 
being a Stranger and promising to be of a more 
peaceable Behavior — But that of late He, the 
Said S--. Eichard, had by Several Illegal & wick- 
ed Contrivances caused great Disturbances in wicked con- 
this To\\Ti & Colonv; It was therefore become ^ause of 

great dis- 

highly necessary, for the better preserving his •n^'Sonv 

Majesty's Peace, and further prevention of 
those Discords and Animositys, which had been 
of late Stirred up and promoted by him, and 
other Evil-minded People, among His Majesty's 
Subjects (Inhabitants of this Colony). To put 
the Laws in Execution against Such Offen- 
ders. — 

I do therefore in his Majesty's Name, require 
You, S^ Eichard Everard, to find, and give in. 
Sufficient Sureties, to answer at this Court, what 
shall, on his Majesty's behalf, be objected to 
you— Particularly, For. That You did, on this 
present 9'\ day of July, wickedly contrive and 
publish, a certain AVritiiig as an Opinion in Law, 
Signed E Everard ; And did deliver or cause the fn" ^"^i. 
Same to be delivered to the Grand Jury, then ^gm^J r. 
empanell'd <fc Swora to Serve for this Town & ^^^^"^ 
County; Which AYriting contains many fals'^ 
Suggestions, repugnant to the known Laws, and 
tendeth to create Jealousies and Feuds, and also 
to alienate the Minds of the Said Grand Jury 
and of others the Inhabitants of this Colonv, 

A certain 



Colonial Records 

Letter from Thos. Jones. 

Sir Rich- 
ard's of- 
and talk 
to the 

false and 
tales and 
report.s jiub- 
lishfd \>y 
Sir Richard 
in regard 
to Mr. 

agaiiLst his Majesty's Peaceable Government, 
And to Subvert tlie Laws and good Order which, 
by the Honorable The Trustees for establishing 
this Colony, had been appointed therein xVnd, 
For that You, S"" Richard Everard, did, in or 
about the ^Month of April last past, unwarrant- 
ably go to the Cowetas, a Town of the Indian- 
Creek-Xation within this Colony, and visit the 
Creek Indians there residing — And that there 
being. You did, by Your lascivious and imodest 
JJehavior and Talk, give great Offence to the 
Said Indians, as well as to Several of his Ma- 
jestys English Subjects dwelling among, & trad- 
ing with the Said Indians; Which Behavior 
and Talk of Yours, did greatly tend to Alienate 
the Minds of the Said Indians from his Majesty 
& to destroy the Good Esteem w'" the Said In- 
dians have had of his ^Majesty's Governm', as 
well as the good and friendly Correspondence, 
Avhich Iiitherto had been maintaind, between his 
^Fajestys Subjects and, the said Indians. For, 
That You, S^ R'' Everard, did maliciously pub- 
lish in the hearing of Several People (Inhabi- 
tants of this Town) Scandalous, False & De- 
famatory Tales and Reports, of and concerning 
the Rev" M\ George AVhitfield, (a Freeholder in 
this Colony) our late Minister; Saying, That he 
(the .<aid W. AVhitfield, was a Sodomite, And 
that you could prove that he had comitted 
Sodomy witli One W Seward — And that he 
(the s' M\ Whittield) had fled from Justice for 
the Same. 

M\ Ifcnry Parker said. lie saw no reason 

Correspondence i 29 

Letter from Thos. Jones. 

That Sir Ricli'^ Everard should enter into a Re- 
cognizance to appear to what I had chargd him ''•« ^opinion 
with— For what I had chargd him with, If true, ^^^&l 
were not spoken or done by him, (as he be- 
lieved), with any Evil Desig-n 

M'. Fallowfield Said, that all my charge was 
malicious, trifling & villanous,— Sir Richard 


then demanded a Copy of that Paper I had fieVd-J 
read: I answered, that, If the Court tho't '''''"^''"' 
proper to oblige him to appear & answer to the 
several matters I had now chargd him with, I 
was ready to prosecute those Charges Effectu- 
ally, And was willing to give sufficient Sureties 
for my so doing— And then, tlie Court would 
order him a Copy. 

S^ Richard then, in a threatening manner, sr. Rich- 
Said, He should See me out of this Court, and fhr^^tening 

J -,1 .,, • .1 , manner in 

talk with me m another place ; I complained of m^ Thos. 
this Insult, but was not regarded.— ^°"''- 

These were but the Beginnings of the more 
violent Outrages, afterwards carried on, by M^ 
Fallowfield, Pye & associates, against the Trus- 
tees Authority, and the public Peace, and now, 
w^-^ more Vigor & Zeal, since M^ Thomas Steph- 
ens's Arrival at Savannah— The Occasional 
Memorandums I have taken of their Behavior 
& conduct (chiefly at Such times when Col" 
Stephens could not be present) I have not 
Leisure now to transcribe, but may ere long do, 
& transmit to Tou-In y« mean time, am, witli 


Colonial Efxords 

John Pye to the Trustees. 

humble Duty to the Honourable Trustees, & 
Respects to your Self 

Sir / Your very humble Serv*. 

Thos Jones. 

P. S. Enclosed, are. Papers Part of the many 
Compositions of the Baronet & his Chaplain their abode with us last Summer. 

(From ?>. P. Pi. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Lettkr feom Joiix Pye to the Honble Trus- 
tees FOR establishing THE CoLONY OF GEOR- 
GIA AT THE Georgia Office in Old Palace 
Yard, Westminster 27 Octob 1741 Eecd i 
Fi:n 1741 



Hopes of 
Mr. Steph- 
ens in the 
capacity of 
clerk to 
the Presl- 
dent and 

Hono*"".. Gentlemen.. 

On the 8'^ Instant W"\ Stephens Esquire 
Paid me the Sum of 27- .. liY .. on Account 
which w^-': the Sum of £18 ^ .. 10^ : before Re- 
ceivM makes up the Sum of £46^: which is all 
I have Receiv'd to this Day. 'SV. Stephens is 
very kind to me, and I hope I shall please him 
in the Execution of my Duty as Clerk; to the 
President and Assistants He promises that he 
will Represent my Case Right to your Honours, 
and will do by mo as vour Honours, Direct: — 

. .AJ 


Correspondence 131 

Gen. Oglethorpe to Mr. Verelst. 

As yon was so kind in Answer to my Letter of 
December the 30'^ : 1740 to allow me the Sallery 
to my Clerk & Servant; (from Lady Day 1740 
as well as to my Self, Notwithstanding I did 
in that Letter tell your Honours that I was not 
Sworn into the Office till the 15"' of August (z 
had the proceed^": of Court but from the 22^ 
of May; I think myself in Duty Bound to make 
it my Study how to please your Honours. 

As I cant maintain my familly well for a Less 
Sum in these Dear times, I hope your Honours 
will not Diminish the Sum of my Allowances, 
but Order more Business to be Laid on me — I 
hope your Honours will Excuse this freedom 
as well as all others who am a "Well wisher to the 
Colony of Georgia & 

Your Honours Most Dutifell 
& Obedient Humble 

Serv'. — J, ..;• -; 

Jn°. Pye 
Savannah Oct^: 27. 174L 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Copy of Letter from Gen l Oglethorpe to the 
Trustees Acco'^^^'t^ ^o ^^^k ^741 Eecd 4 
FerI^^. 1741 

Fred'': 12^ November 1741. 

Several Inhabitants of Frederica & Neigh- 
bourhood being forward enough in their Lands 


Colonial Records 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. Veielst. 


bought of 
Mr. Graham 
for dis- 

and party 
of Uchee 
and Creek 
from In- 
against tlie 

to want Mulberry Trees and Able to preserve 
them, they desired of nie that they might have 
them pursuant to the Promise of the Trustees 
and M". Graham having* raised on his Planta- 
tion upon the Savannah River a Large Nursery, 
I bought of him G,000 Trees which were Deliver- 
ed ifc Distributed as V^ Enclosed, I have drawn 
for the Amount making £25 .. — .. — which I 
desire you would Pay and Apply to the Trustees 
for Reimbursement thereof, Tooanohivi return- 
ed Yesterday with a Party of Uchee & Creek 
Indians from Incursions against the Spaniards 
they Delivered to me a Lieutenant of Spanish 
Horse and another Horseman whom th^y took 
Prisoners near Augustine. I am &c 

James Oglethorpe. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

29 October 1741 and 12 No\Tt. Letter from 
Wm. Stephens Esqr to the Trustees Ac- 
COTANT, Mr. Yerelst. Recd 4 Feb 1741 

Savannah 29 Oct^ 1741. 


In my last of the 21 Sept to M^ Martyn, I 
beggd leave to refer to my Journal of the 4'*' of 
that Month; wherein 'twould appear what let- 
ters of yours, & of what dates, were come to my 
hands ; together with sundry Deeds, Sola Bills, 
Books of divers sorts. Papers Ditto, & various 


Wm. Stephens \.o Mr. Verelst. 

Packetts & letters, for the General and others in 
the South: all which came to Charles Town '^ 
the Mercy Capt Wright. In the same letter of 
mine to M'. Martyn, I farther desired to refer 
to my Journal of the 11'" Ditto ; wherein I took 

Advised of 
the arrival 
nf^ Capt. 

notice, y^ M"" Hopton had advised me of Cap' ^'"'•ns in the 

*■ ^ "Charming 

Wedderburns arrival in the charaiing Betty; by e«'">" 
whom came various letters, Packetts &c, as men- 
tiond in my said Journal, but y' the Chest and 
Box, as ^ Bill of Loading, remaind yet at 
Charles Town, to be sent by the next oppor- 
tunity ; for reason then given. And upon farther 
reference had to my Journal of the 2"* of Oct, it 
appears when, & by what means. I rec"^ that 
Chest & Box ; in the latter of which came more 
letters, Packetts, &.C', among others were several 
to the General, & also for his Officers ; together 
with a Constitution of a President and four 
Assistants, for the Jurisdiction of this County 
of Savannah; with divers necessary Instrue- iutfon^l^f a 
tions; & many particular Orders to me, con- TnT'K 
taind in M". Verelsts letter of the 6 June. On for'^'sa" ^ 
the 22 Oct^ as ^ Journal of that day, I reC^ 
your letter of the 11'" of July ^ Cap' Cross- 
thwaite in the Lawrence. So that I have it in- 
cimibent on me, to answer your several letters 
of the 27 & 2S Apr, the G »S: S of June, & the IP" 
of July: but you'll be so good to excuse me, if I 
find it necessary to postpone some paragraphs 
which will best admit of it, till another day; 
when I may hope to be in a better capacity than 
at present I am, with such variety of matters to 
get dispatchd forthwith ; & under such want of 


Ui; •■! 

134 Colonial Eecords 

\Vm. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

The sad 

a Writer yet to help me : nor was it practicable 
to- think of seeing those Orders fulfilld, as 
'twere to he wislid, and returnd to the hon"""— 
Tnist, hefore the opening of the new Parlia- 
ment; whicli may be supposed in Nov"', & w'^ 
came not to my hands till Sept' & Oct'. 

In my letter above mentiond to M'. Martj^n 
of 21 Sepf, w'*' was in answer to his of the 24 
Ap', then newly receivd, I took such particular 
notice of the ill consequence, w"*" necessarily 
must attend the want of all those papers, sent 
under the care of M'. Colleton (whose sad Fate 
is unhappily confirmd since) that tis in vain to 
cJifet'ii.^^'^' say more about it: but the loss is too great a 
measure is irretrievable ; only tis some comfort 
to hear the Coppy of that State of the Colony 
went safe : and if the want of my Journal from 
C) Oct' to the 27 Nov, is worth taking notice of; 
That is now made good, by another Coppy of 
that Space of time herewith sent; pursuant to 
yonr advice of the 27 Apr; wherein you acknow- 
ledge rec' of mine of 31 Dec, & 15 Jan", with my 
Journal from 2S Nov''' : and in obedience to the 
hon*"^ Trusts farther Orders, sigiiifyd in your 
said letter; I can truly say that no neglect of 
mine, shall be the occasion, or yet has been, of 
all those matters not being perfected; w^*" were 
timely notifyd by you from them ; but late (very 
late) in coming; as I minuted down in my 
Journal : where twill also be seen what early 
An accurate ^^^"^ I took, to get a truo Eud acourato Map of 
Nonh°ern^^ tliis Nortlicm Divisiou, done by a sufficient 

Division of ' -11 • i? 11 

the Colony, haiid, HI such manner as I hope will give rull 


Wm. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

satisfaction to the nicest Examiner : and it is in 
my expectation to see it dispatchd hence in very 
few weeks more; together with wliat else I am 
daily preparing; which I hope will answer the 
Trusts Direction sent me thereon: but with all 
the diligence I am capable of ; I find it not within 
my power to compleat what I would, without 
trespassing too long on time; & thereby sub- 
jecting myself to Blame, for neglect of writing 
somewhat at least; tho' I cant do it to my own 
satisfaction, much less to their Honours, till all 
is fulfilld that is intended: and if tis meant to 
be laid before the Parliament; I perswade my 
self, the honourable Trustees will not want the 
ready Indulgence of the House, to grant them a 
reasonable allowance of time, for expectance of 
such Returns to be made by their Servants from 
hence, as is necessary; considering how many 
months their Orders were in coming to us. 

My Sons perverse Behaviour here, from the 
time of his last arrival in America, to the day 
of his departure hence, I have so particularly 
observd in my Journal ; and also fully laid open 

of Col. 

son since 

the base Eetura made by our Malcontents, to in' America 

those Tender marks of the Trustees Good "Will ; 
so evident in those great concessions now made 
'em, & all past Forfeitures to Christmas last to 
be discharged (all which I publishd, in the best 
manner I could) that twould be unpardonable 
Tautolog>' in me to repeat here: & I must beg 
leave to refer to my Journal, which is too full of 
such distastfull Trumpery. I observe the Trus- 
tees kind Intention of enabling me to shew mv 

spoken of. 


Colonial Records 

Wni. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

Col. Stcph. 
ens' young- 
est son. 

In regard 
to servants. 

resentment at my Sons mad Actions, when I 
shall see a proper time, to let the benefit of my 
Improvements at Bewlie pass to a Brother more 
worthy : but as it is a special entail, I should be 
glad to know what means must be used, to make 
it elTectual. My Youngest Son has shewn his 
desire of coming to accompany me in my last 
part of life; & I wrote him several months 
since, y^ he should be kindly welcome : so that I 
am expecting soon to hear farther from him : if 
he comes, he will fall readily into such Business 
as he takes delight in, & has been occupied some 
years about; namely improving of Laud (for he 
is no Clerk) and there will be room enough at 
Bewlie, for him to exercise his proper Talent. 

Another mark of their most oblidging Favour, 
must also be duly acknowledged, relating to the 
Use of 5 Servants of theirs, not provided for by 
the Estimate, to help me, now on the time of 
my own Ser\'ants being expired; to be main- 
taind by me: but ]\P. Jones assuring me there 
are none such to be found; I can only render 
thanks for their Good Will; w^*' is also due from 
such others as the like Benefit was meant to in 
a certain proportion. We are not without hopes 
that the]-e may some be found among those 
Germans, which M*" ^lartyn wrote me were in 
company with the Saltzburghers for Ebenezer, 
who may come as Servants to be purchased : but 
if that fails, we have one Anchor of Hope yet 
left: that the honourable Trust will consider 
of some means to supply this want, so indis- 
pensal)ly necessaiy to be provided against; 

Silk and 


Wm. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

whether it be in any wise conformable to the 
Scheme we himibly offcrd; or any other that 
they think most proper. 

Having so frequently and fully wrote what 
occurrd to me, as most worth obsei-ving, in my 
several Journals, relating to Silk and Wine; I 
have the less to say now on those Heads. The 
Chest of Silk, containing the Produce of the 2 
last years, was sent to M' Hoptons care: but 
upon our hearing y^ no Ship has sailed for Eng- 
land of late (whilst divers are lately come from 
thence) it mav be doubted tis yet in M^ Hoptons Mrs. ca. 

. , muse's con- 

hands. M". Camuse's contmual clamour is be- tinuai clam- 
our very 

come very vexatious; & appears every day vexatious. 
more; as you'll partly see by what I have noted 
in my Journals ; where I doubt twill appear yet 
Worse in time coming; and must certainly (as I 
humbly conceive) merit the consideration of the 
honourable Trustees, how to provide against 
leaving it in the power of such a capricious 
Woman, whether or not She'll carry on that 
manufacture, or put an end to it whenever She 
pleases. There seems to me too much Ground by^Suous 

. , , ^r T Adversarys 

to fear, y' She has been instructed by our Mali- ^^^^Jf/^rei. 
tious Adversarys, to wrangel & Quarrel (I 
wish not corrupted) : for I do aver y' I have 
studied all the ways I could think of, to please 
her; and behaved with that courtesy in vain, as 
might have softend any temper y' was not un- 
alterably fixed : and as to her Ace'' & Demands ; 
the Trustees will best judge of that, when they 
have it before 'cm ; which I shall take particular 
care to send, with some needfuU remarks ; that 


Colonial Kecords 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

tions of 
making i 
of wine. 

Mr. Ham. 



A change 
in Mr. i'y 

it may appear whether She or the Trust think 
them.selves most injured. 

As for the Vines encreasing; it will be plainly 
laid down how, when, hy whom, what numbers, 
kc; and the reasonable expectation we have, of 
making such a quantity soon, of Wine worth 
sending to their Honours, as will convince every 
body, y' all we have said, is not an empty 

^That I have done in M^ Hammertons alTair, 
(which I now expect to see speedily finishd) has 
been by such Steps as I ask leave to refer to my 
Journal, & avoid the repetition of. 

:^[^ Bolzius is paid the £77 according to 

MT. Pye, who for a great while behaved so 
very unaccountably, & disagreeable ; has of late 
' thought better of it; taken the good advice I 
gave him ; owned to me his being set on, & ill 
advised by some, and promises to take care and 
avoid siu-h ill Courses for the future; where- 
upon I have treated him friendly, & hope he'll 
deserve the Trusts Favour hereafter; which I 
confess 1 thought at one time, he had no reason 
to expect. Wherefore I would be glad now to 
know from you, as his appointment for Re- 
corder is dated in July 1740; from what time it 
is meant he should commence to receive Pay, as 
well for his Clerk as himself (for as he does the 
whole Business, tis understood he should take it 
for both) and I should be glad also to know the 
Truste<'s pleasure, relating to the pay of an- 

Correspondence 139 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

other Servant, whether he has such an one or 
not: all which shall be readily paid as I am 
orderd: at present what he has 'rec'' ho has 
given rec> for as on Account. 

Peter Emery has not been prevailed on yet to 
bring payment of that £10, which the Trust 
favonrd his Wife with the loan of; but I am not 
slack in putting him in mind of it, & expect it. 

The Books formerly sent, relating to Silk 
"Worms, I receive! ; & deliverd 4 or 5 of 'em to a book on 

silk worms. 

such as I thought were most capable of receiving 
Instructions thereby; keeping one for my self. 
What you are pleased to write of Salitrum Seed, ^ ,., 
I know nothing of; having never (as I remem- ^®®^- 
ber) seen any such; nor do I remember any 
thing to have been wrote to me concerning it. 

W" Sinclair was a Lad that came over hither 
indented to M". Bradley; & I thought him a ciaTr ran' 
ready Serv^ ; but I fear his Master was not iust ^^r- Bradiey. 

' '> who was 

to him; for I have heard that he was under ^'^ master. 

covenant to make him Master of some Trade: 

but Bradley, (who some time since was reported 

to be dead, falsly, (his eldest son only dying) & 

he now living in Carolina) running away hence 

last year; the Boy went with him, and helpd 

to row the Boat they went in : which was an Act 

of his own, unknown to others, in the Night. 

Thus far I hope I have answer 'd your letter 
of the 27 Apr pretty near paragraph by para- 
graph ; only postponing That about the method 
that is required to be observd in accompting; 
^'^ I purpose to take notice of at the latter end 



Colonial Records 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 


Account of 
ajid Co. 

A chest for 
the Saltz. 

of my letter now: & what relates to Augiista, 
will come in its due place. 

The same method shall be observed in future: 
but I am at a loss how to number such para- 
graphs in order : & twill easily appear if I leave 
any unanswerd ; \v''^ twill be incumbent on me to 
give a reason for; but in divers cases where I 
have thought it requisite to write particularly of 
some affairs in my Journal; if it answers the 
purpose of what you would be informed in; I 
shall hope to be indulged so far as to let that 

The Ace' of Grant and C", as made up by y"- 
selves, is before the Commissioners, & will 
speedily be examiud and retunid with their 
Ol)inion, assoon as matters of much greater 

.Arurju-nt will give leave; when I conceive twill 
appear, they had little room to make such a de- 
mand as £3S : 6 : 1. 

As to yours of the 28 Apr. I must beg leave 
to make uso of that liberty requested just above, 
of referring to my Journal of 4- Sept^; wherein 
I have been so very explicit, y' I hope it may be 
allowd as a full answer to your said letter. 

Your letters of the G'"" & 8 of June come next 
to bo considerd ; v<c here again I must hope for 
the same liberty of referring to my Journal; 
whore on the 11 Sept will be seen y^ That of the 
latest date came first to hand, advising me of a 
Chest for the Saltzburghers, & a Box for me ^ 
Cap' AVeddorburn, consignd to W Ilopton, as t^ 


Wm. Stephens to Mr. Vetelst. 

Bill of loading : wliich M' Hopton also wrote me ; 
with the reasons why the said Chest and Box 
were not sent. What is only farther containd 
in this letter from you, is relating to one Fergn- 

an indented 

son; whom his Mother enquires after; & I wish by ^is^ 

... mother. 

I could give the poor woman satisfaction in it: 

but all that I can learn from some of our Oldest 

Setlers, and others his Cotemporarys is, that 

he was an Indented Servant with James Ilazle- james 

foot; who was a very idle fellow; and after he a^veo°°idie 

"^ . fellow. 

had run in debt here to all he could, he fled to 
Charles Tow^l, before mv time of knowing him 
(as many of like Value have done since) and 
taking his Servant with him, I hear he found 
another Master, whom he sold him to there, 
with equal honesty on both sides : since which I 
am told Hazlefoot is dead. Nothing of this kind 
is to be wonder 'd at in Charles Town ; & I wish 
honest Bradley did not do the like by his Boy 
Sinclair. If I can leani any thing farther with 
certainty you shall hav it. 

You'll find in my Jounial of 29'^ of Sept^ & 

2'^ of Oct, by what means I got the Chest and 

Box above mention'd after long waiting for; & 

wherein (among other things then named) I got 

your letter of 6 June; which I am now to 

answer. Here again I find in my said Journal 

of the 2** Ocf, acknowledgment is made of my 

rec' of the Constitution from the honourable Appoint- 
ment OI 

Trustees, appointing me presisident, with 4 As- ^,^^- J^iPrcs. 
•sistants therein named, for the Jurisdiction of 
this County of Savannah; with the several In- 
structions, publick & private, directing us how 

ident with 
four as. 

Ji /j'.fi llu({a nov 


Colonial Eecoeds 

Wrr.. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

Map of 
made by 
Mr. Thos. 

The narra- 
tive a.sked 

to act ; &: M"" Pye to be Clerk of the President : 
and u])0ii your notifying- to me the Trusts re- 
commendation of M". Thomas Eyre, to make a 
Map of this District ; which I was before in their 
former Orders of the 27 Apr directed to get 
done with all the speed I could ; I am again ob- 
lidged to refer you to my Journal of the 25 & 
30 Soijf; where 'twill be seen what I had then 
done to hasten that Work; which tlie Undertak- 
er had begam, according to agreement, before I 
rec'^ this of the 6 June from you : of which it be- 
hoved me to acquaint M'. Eyre at Frederica by 
the next op]:)ortunity; least he might be induced 
to think it a Slight put upon him; which no man 
living would give less occasion for than my self; 
having always esteemd a deser\dng young 
Gentleman; & there has been a mutual Friend- 
ship ))i'twixt us. 

Nov : 2. The Narrative w'^ you ask for, y^ was 
printed by our good Friends at Charles Town, 
& which W. Ilopton wrote me he had by my 
order sent you one or more of; I hope you re- 
ceivd long since: as I now have rec'' from you, 
Coppy of that equally valuable Eemonstrance, 
which was sent from hence last Winter, and im- 
proved with choice additions, as it passd thro' 
Charles Town: both these excellent peices will 
admit of some short notes from me, among other 
things also worthy remark, in those papers I am 

of Land. 

llow many names I might obtain, in attempt- 
ing to '-c<'t a subscription, setting forth their 

Correspondence 143 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

being well contented, with the Tenures, of Land 
as now granted; I cannot take upon me to say: 
for, not knowing who signd this last ; I am ap- 
prehensive, least by appearing over sollicitous 
to discover that, it might meet w"" an ill con- 
struction, from such as would be apt to say, we 
were afraid of their numbers. AVhat can they 
say, if any of their own List should give it 
under their hands y' they were surprised and 
decoyd by false suggestions, to sign that paper 
lately, which upon cooler thoughts since, they ^tvini^ 
fird cause to be vexed at, & ashamed of; wishing pSen 
they could undo what they did? Two or three 
y' I have talkd with, tell me so, and promise to 
make good what they say : wherein I encourage 
'era, telling y"" that I will not offer to dictate, 
but it shall be all their own doing: that plain 
Truth wants no Embellishment, or correction; 
but A^-ill be rec"^ by the Trustees as kindly as if 
twere in the most polite manner, and they will 
have the Praise of it wholly to themselves: I 
think they'll be as good as their Word: and 
surely all such as refused to sign the contrary 
may be deemd content. 

"With Eespect to the Beacon at Tybee; I have 
the satisfaction to say, that the whole Frame of The Beacon 

at Tybee 

it is near finishd at Thunder bolt ; where it has ^^^^l^ 


been put together, & pulld in peices again, 
square after square ; and we are now providing 
to get it all sent to Tybee, in about a fortnight 
more: after which, twill be reared there; and 
then the work within, of flooring &c; and with- 
out, of weather boarding; will be carried on 


Colonial Records 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

A minister 

Win. Ewen 


with the best expedition. The Old Foundation, 
w*^^*" is of Brick, is judged much better than any 
new, with some little amendment where faulU'. 

The care w"' the honourable Trustees shew, 
for a r\[inistor to put us in mind of our Ihity, 
as Christians, requires our gratitude; and tho' 
they had been twice disappointed when you 
wrote, I pcrswade my self they have accom- 
plishd their good Intentions since. 

W" Ewens Ace', as we find it, will be sent 
among several others of the like Stamp, when 
the whole goes, as tis now very near (at length) 
carried up to Michass : and then twill be seen 
what Grounds this Complainer has, to say he is 
denyd Justice. It seems to me, as if twas re- 
solved upon by these Malcontents, that the Trust 
should have no pretence to expect pa^inent of 
any Ballance due to them in the Store books: 
these are mostly the people who are so clamor- 
ous. Banding together, & inveighing against 
every thing done; as they set forth in their 
several appeals to the Publick; and there is not 
a more virulent little Mischief maker among 
'em, y° this Kwen : but if tis the Trusts pleasure, 
after his account is inspected, to order payment 
of what he demands, to be sure it ought readily 
to be obevd. 

in Col. 

I have receivd so many sig-nal marks of the 
honouralile Trustees, Benevolence towards me; 
and of tiie confidence they continue to repose in 
my Integrity; notwithstanding my Sous great 
])rov(){ ations; that I am at a loss how to ex}n-ess 


Wm. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

my Sense of 'em; & wish I was endued with 
much better qualifications, to render them ac- 
ceptable Service: the Station they have done me 
the honor to place me in, whereby my hands 
are so strengthend, requires my utmost atten- 
tion: & whatever is in my power to do, y' can 
be justifyd, for promoting unity; shall not be, 
nor ever has been wanting, in my Demeanour 
tow*^" all; from those who think themselves 
greatest, down to the meanest Inhabitant here, 
or hereabout. But where I find no Terms of 
Peace, unless from such concessions as would 
be giving up the Right of my Constituents ; tho' 
twere my misfortune to stand alone, feror Unus 
et Idem : I see no cause however to fear That, 
nor likelyhood of it; but expect better things 
far from what I observe, — which time will un- 

A liberal 

fold. The liberal au^-mentation of Salary, which salary 

" ' _ paid Col. 

M', Martyn was pleased to write, was appoint- ^^tephens. 
ed me by the honourable Trust; can yet meet 
with nothing but a verbal return of many 
thanks : if a little longer Space of life is allotted 
me ; I hope my Actions will speak better for me. 

The several Admonitions I have lately rec'^ 
touching the miinner of issuing, and accoimting 
for, Sola Bills &c, you'll be so good to imagine 
have sufficiently alarmd me & I pui'posed to re- 
turn an answer to it at the Close of this letter: 
but I find it necessary in so doing, to lay open 
that whole Affair, by such a full detail of every 
thing that has been within the compass of my 
knowledge, as will take up more paper and time 
in explaining, than can come within reasonable 



Colonial EECOEDi 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

over a 
new leaf. 

A mlnipter 

Mrs. Ca 



Bounds at present, after so much wrote already ; 
and I hope I shall find kind Indulgence, till I 
write next; when I intend to send it in a full 
packett of many other affairs of great rooment; 
w^^ is to follow this assoon as possible. In the 
mean while you'll allow me to say we have turnd 
over a new leafe since Michass. 

It remains to add a word or two in return to 
your last roc'^ of the 11^^ July ; where I find again 
the good news y' we may soon expect a Minister 
for all our Benefit; & a Clerk for mine in parti- 
cular. God send them safely and speedily to us. 

Before I shut up tliis, let me beg that the 
honourable Trustees will be pleased to take into 
con.^ideration, what I noted in my Journal of 
the IG'^ iust, relating to the limitation of time, 
wherein such Lots shall be deemd vacated, as 
tlie supposed Proprietors do not think fit to 
occupy, and yet pretend a Claim to : This once 
known (the sooner the better) I am confident 
will conduce greatly tow^^ filling up this Place. 

Another thing, I must (with their leave) most 
earnestly reconmiend; which is relating to what 
is before said of Camuse's Family: that AVo- 
mans Behaviour of late, being veiy sui'})rising; 
insomuch y' I am very apprehensive her Designs 
are bad: and tis evident y' if She is prevailed 
with to stay; She means to make her own Terms. 
& set such a value on her self, as will render the 
Silk manufacture precarious at best: the only 
care for which, I humbly conceive, must be to 
procure another; and that might be the means 


Wm. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

of an Awe upon both, when either of 'em might 
see, the Trust are not at the mercy of tother. 
Several Hints I have already given of this Wo- 
mans ill temper ; which all the Skill I have, can- 
not find the way to mollify : and I fear She will 
give me fresh occasion of nsing her name again, 
when I write next; when all that relates to her 
shall be put together, with some necessary 
E em arks. 

I am 


Your very humble Servant 
"Will : Stephens. 

12 Nov: 1741. 

"What you mention of one of my Sons lately 
taking Orders, was a misinformation; what was 
done of that kind, was a pretty while before I 
left England last. 

P. S. 

Waiting several days for an Opportunity of 
sending the above letter and Paekett (as was 
too common) ; I had by that means several let- 
ters of later date from the General, timely 
enough to put under the same cover. 

To M' Harman Verelst. 



Colonial Records 

John Terry to Verelst. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T, Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter fkom John Terry to Mr. ILveman 
Verelst Esq at hls house in Queen's Square 
Westminster, London Dec 1741 Recd 29 
March 1742 

Ship load 

of iveople 
from Ixjn- 
don arrived 

A sketch 
of Capt. 


Tlxose few lines Will Inform You of our Safe 
Arrivial [sicj in this Port, On the 2^ Jns'. with- 
out (thanks be to God) Any Accidents having 
hapen to us in our Voyage, all the Saltzburghers 
\y^\ were Sliip'd in London on board of our 
Ship, Landed here in Very Good health Xot one 
having Lied Duering the said voyage, the Re- 
cruits Allso were in a perfect State of health 
when they Landed, As to the Highlanders we 
Lost Six or Seven Children included, the Rest 
Landed here In Extreame Good health— 

I wish w^\ all my heart it was in my power 
to give you So Agreable an Acc^ of the 172 
Suises r^ the Europa Capt" John Wadham who 
Arived here Two Days After us, forty or Up- 
wards Died in the Passage, And Near as many 
Die'd Since they Landed 

This is all I can have the honour to write to 
you at present So Soon as I shall be at Fred- 
erica, shall Send you a full Ace', of our Voyage 
w*\ a Sketch of Capt°. Lemons Behaviour, the 

Correspondence 149 

John Terry to Harman Veielst. 

truth of the Account which I shall send you will 
I hope be so well Certified as to Leave you No 
Room to Doubt the Varacity thereof But if the 
said Capt Lemon should Eeach London before 
I send you Such An Ace'., Please Sir to Suspend 
the forming of Any Judgement on what he may 
say to you till such time you receive my 
Please Sir to present my Duty to the Hon'"^ 
the Tiiistees 6c make them Acquainted w^\ this, 
And my service to M^ Simpson & that my Next 
will bring him an Ace*, of the Provissions, I have 
been Keapt here till Now at very Large Ex- 
pence, And as my presence is of No further 
Service here, I Expect to go to frederica in 2 or 
3 Days, for I long very much to get out of 
Savannah, for there Are here Human Snakes, Human 
much more Dangerous than the Eattle ones, savannah 

much more 

Please Sir to Continue to favour me with your J^^'^^''°"^ 
Esteem, my Endeavours shall allways be to ^^^"i®'^- 
Merit them, And shall Ever Subscribe my self 
with the Ut[most [torn] [Since] rity & Respects 

Your Most obd'. & hum : Servant 
John Terry. 

The Gen', is Gone on an Expedition before S'. 
AugTistin for Harman Verelst Esq^ 
Savannah the [torn] '^ December 1741 



150 Colonial Records 

Mr. Thos. Causton to the Trustees. 

(FroDi B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter thom Mr. Tno:\iAs Causton to the 
Trustees Accotant 1 Deo. 1741 rec^ 14 
August 1742 

The Products of the Colony of Georgia which 
may more especially administer to the support 
of the Inhabitants are food. Stocks of Cattle, 
Lumber, Pitch, or Tarr, Silk, Wine, Oyl, Drugs, 
Cotton, Tobaccoo &q. 

By food, 1 understand Corn, Peas, Pice, Po- 
tatoes, Tuniips, Pompions &c for the raising of 
Land too wliich, it cant bo denyed, That the Land with- 

Bandy to ' ^ j 

p'roducTs!''^ in 100'. miles of the Coast, is for the most part 
too Sandy and poor for any one to exj^ect just 
returns for liis Labour by either white or black 
hands till tlio Plough takes place Pice excepted; 
But as every one who undertakes the planting 
business, may be suppos'd to have more or less 
Cattle, fowls &c the produce arising thereby is 
an undoubted help towards a satisfaction for 
such Labour; Hitherto those Stocks of Cattle 
liave yeilded very small benefit at the best, and 
n;aii\- l.av.' }:,rcn entirely disappointed. And 
truly so it is, that untill the Country is better 
known, whereby to destroy Vermin, and find out 
tlie L'ange.s of those which have wandred. And 
some l^y Law made for ascertaining Claims to 
such wan.lcring Cattle, the profitts which might 
arise therefrom are very precarious. 

As tlie remaining productions can only be pro- 
cured as the Land will aford or the Genius of 


Mr. Thos. Causton to the Trustees. 

each undertaker inspire, each must be consider- 
ed, before a true Judgment can be form'd con- 
cerning the benefits wliich may arise from either. 

prown for 

The matter for making Lumber proper for ex- 
portation grows on many granted Lotts more or 
less ; from the Pine, may be made Timbers and 
Boards; from the Oak, Staves; from the Hik- 
ary, hoop poles: and from the Cypress, Shin- 
gles: These are the most usuall particulars 
called Lumber for exportation; But there is a 
great part of the Land which will not aford 
Lumber of any kind. As to Pitch and Tarr it is aAd Tar. 
made of pine trees so long fallen that the Sappy 
part being decayed, the heart only remains as fit 
for that work; and consequently, only those who 
have such Land, can pretend to attempt it. 

The three first productions being laid open 
for View, I think I may venture to say that those 
only are imediately within the Reach of the Lab- fhe^'Tbiufer 
ourer at his first entrance on his land ; and if the 
Land will not produce sufficient food; If Ee- 
medys are not provided to ascertain Claims, and 
means used to recover wandering Cattle;— And 
if the Lumber, Pitch and Tarr, cannot bo 
brought to market at an equall rate with that of 
the neighbouring Colony where Slaves are em- 
ploy 'd and uiaintaind at one fourth of the Cost; 
It naturally follows, and I think may with safety 
say, that in these Circumstances Humanity dir- 
ects Support in some shape or other, till proper 
Manufacturys are established; And much less 
will it Justifve that Demands should be made 

and his 

152 , Colonial Records 

Mr. Thos. Causton to the Trustees. 

for Debts contracted in the publick Store by 
cultivation of Lands, before the produce can 
(with any reason) enable the pajTuent. 

Hitherto the Bountys and Loans granted for 
raising Corn Sec have either been on. uncertain 
terms or not sufficient to induce the Labourer 
either to begin or continue the work of cultiva- 
tion; In the year 1733 little else than building 
was attempted ; In 1734 1735 and 1736 was paid 
ly ^ Bushel for Corn and Peas, and G^ ^ bushel 
for Pot-atoes delivered at the Store; and only 
tlie Saltzburghers and the Settlers on the Ogee- 
saitz cliy Piver had the like bounty for their whole 

burghers *' 

on^^fe'"'"■' ^'^'^'P' t^ie first as a consideration for their ex- 
OKo^echee ti-aordiuary Industry on Joint labour having no 
Stores imediately to apply to farther than their 
stipulated allowances: And the Second as a 
eoTisidcnition for the distance from Market and 
being more expos 'd to the Enemy; Whilst the 
peoi)le in or nearer Savannah had benefitt from 
ind)lick Labour, And never faild of a ready Sup- 
port under Sicknesses disapointment. And any 
undertaking that tended for the welfare of the 
Colony; In the years 1737 and 1738 a Loan was 

Hard.shfps i i i' on- - 

in regard to granted 01 JU -fi acre to be clear 'd planted and 

farming. f i \ xi 

lenct; As these encouragments now experi- 
mentally found to be not sufficient And that 
sometliing farther, or more certain, was neces- 
sary; And that the further Credit for the pub- 
lick Store was wholly Stopt ; In the year 1739 a 
bounty of 27 p^ bushel on Com and Peas, and 
ly on Potatoes was promised, but paid as ^P. 
Jones's humour directed viz. wholly to a few, 

Correspondence 153 

Mr. Thos. Causton to the Trustees. 

part to others, and to some nothing. In the 
years 1740 and 1741 no bounty or other induce- 
ment wai5 propos'd or in any shape paid or 
credited; for the year 1742, a bounty is again 
promist of T/ %^ bushel on Corn 6*^ ^ bushel on 
Peas and 3^ ^ bushel on Potatoes ; This bounty 
(if duly paid) will be some small help to those 
who have land fit for planting; but will not 
enable them to get };)loughs and Draughts where- 
by to make labour lighter. Or Induce any one to 
clear fresh Land or to prepare those lands again 
for planting w"'' by disappointments in the years 
1739 1740 and 1741 and the evil council of de- 
signing men in the former years had been grown 
again to Wood; Neither is there any assurance 
that this vri]\ be continued for any longer term ; 



nients of the 

If therefore Support is in any shape (when 
thus necessary) doubtful, and the Labourers ^^ 
recieve repeated disapointment, and their re- Sore 

. f. cause of 

peated entreatys slighted; Does not a variety or anger. 
reflection naturally arise? And as poverty is 
the undoubted consequence. Does not Anger, 
and a train of Ills as certainly follow? 

The production of Silk was endeavourd at 
from the first davs of the Colonv, and moans The produc- 

" ' tlon ot silk. 

have never ceased, which in appearance might 
bring it to perfection; that is, a contract was 
made with Skillfull persons to procure good 
plants of the white ^Mulberiy, to attend the 
hatching of Silkworm seed, the feeding, spining, 
winding and eveiy gradation whereby to com- 
plete the work; And if the success has not yet 

154 Colon LLL Records 

Mr. Thos. Causton to the Trustees. 

Mr. Amatls. 

amvd to the expected Pitch, the failure seems 
to arise from the want of particular instructions 
to the Managers here ; If the planting and nurs- 
ing up great qnantitys of Mulberry trees; If 
the feeding Silkworms and thereby procuring 
large Quantitys of Silk Balls are essentiall mat- 
ters to this end, certainly they ought to be 
comanded, that without favour or affection they 
encourage every one, agreable to the progress 
each i)erson shall make therein ; It has been said 
that the publick garden was poor and ill Situa- 
ted for the growth of the White Mulberry tree 
or YhiQ; ]jiit I cannot Joyn in that Opinion; I 
take u})ou me to say that M"". Amatis first ruind 
those plants by too repeated Removalls because 
I observed that those plants were at first of free 
growth, but ever after were hide bound and 
Siirubiiv. Yet nevertheless had an honest Gardi- 
ner ai)ply'd proper remedys, those plants might 
liave recover M T fear it is now too late, and a 
]">]antatIoii of thriving young plants would be 
the most speedy way to raise a proper planta- 
tion ; And as the care of the Silk worm seed, 
feeding, s])inning, and winding are matters 
whereby this work is to be perfected I imagine it 
absolutely necessary that many people sho^ be 
tenn^teil to receive instructions therein; And 
those persons who are skill'd should be pur- 
chasM for answer^ those purposes, and be so 
obligated that every failure might recieve a 
projiiT Cht'ck Otherwise, the Trustees expence 
is as water spilt where no plant is, £ind serves 
only to maintain a family in whose power it is, 


Mr. Thos. Causton to the Trustees. 

on any Sunnise to leave the Colony, to extort 
what price they please, and perhaps in the end, 
deny any Instruction ; But on the other hand If 
due encouragment be given to the Inhabitants 
who shall endeavour to promote the work and 
agreable remedys taken there is no doubt, that 
Georgia will soon aford such a visible encrease 
of Silk As may convince the world that all ex- 
pectations on that head will in due time be 
answered; The much greater part of the Silk 
hitherto wound in Georgia, is from Balls pur- g^^f ^Jf 
chas'd in Carolina at 4'/ p pound Now tho' it fn '"ae^rgil" 

. from balls 

is undoubtedly to the advantage oi Georgm, purchased 
that Silk rais'd in Carolina is manufactur'd in carouna. 
Georgia, yet I imagine, that none will say that 
the Inhabitants of Georgia can sit easy, and see 
their own plantations of Mulberry trees despis'd 
and useless upon pretence that they are not 
wanted, when it is well known, that Silk worms 
may be allways encreas'd. And 'till witliin this 
few years all the Mulberiw Leaves were con- 
stantly purchased at a price whereby to encour- 
age plantations of that sort; And surely it can't 
be suppos'd, that the Inhabitants were obligated 
by their Grants to plant Mulberry trees without 
intending an advantage to those who raisd them 
or suffering any thing which a neighbouring 
Colony should ofi'er to prevent it; By this I 
mean those who have wife Children or Servants 
to employ in feeding of worms ought to have 
such price for their Balls as may be a sufficient 
encouragement to persevere therein, And those 
who have not these and very probably have only 


Colonial Records 

Mr. Thos. Causfon lo the Trustees. 


of the 


rais'd ^klulberiy trees, having Cattle and plant- 
ing- sulHcient to take up their time, ought to re- 
cieve a })roportionable price for what leaves any 
Mulberry trees so raisd may produce; In the 
past Season about GOO"' weight of Silk Balls has 
been deliver'd to the Silk winder, w"*" I am told 
hath not aforded 40"' of nete [sic] Silk; As tliis 
is farr short of the Calculations hitherto known, 
I imagine that some Eemedy is necessary to 
prevent Imbezlements. The Mulberry planta- 
tions now in being are the public Garden, D^ 
Patrick Gi-aham's which lately belong'd to M'. 
John Cutlil>ert, M^ Lewis Camus the Silk Win- 
der and my own; Many other people planted 
trees wliich throve very well, but no use being 
made of them, are now defenceless expos 'd to 
Cattle and ruiu'd. 

\'inos are the natural produce of the Colony, 
and some of them, (tho' in a lesser degree) by 
being cultivated will aford wine; certainly great 
pity it is, tliat the Inhabitants have not been 
furnisht with plants whereby a proper grape 
might be j)roduced for such a Manufacture; 
Those which have been planted in the publick 
garden liavc been ill treated, and by some unjust 
practices are much diminisht. About the year 
17X), one M' Dias a Jew (since dead) brought 
some good phmts, and since that time some 
other persons in small parcells brought others 
whicli liave been severally veiy much encreas'd; 
those of M^ Dias fell into the hands of M^ D^- 
Leon a J<'w. with which and others procured by 
self and lielations were encreas'd to severall 

Correspondence 157 

Mr. Thos. Causton to the Trustees. 

hundreds and'were lately in a very tliriving con- 
dition; But as he has left the Colony at present 
am not certain, what will next become of tnem; 
This is the man who apply 'd to the Trustees, 
and was granted a Loan of 200~ Sterling, I am 
yet to think from good reasons, he never reced 
it; I believe that Generall Oglethorpe directed 
]\P. Thomas Jones to pay him; And that said 
Jones deducted an Old Debt in the Store; So 
that the man was not able to perform his con- 
tract. From the plants which others have pro- 
cur 'd great progress has been made within this 
3 years past and according to the best informa- 
tion, belong to the following persons, Abram successful 
D'Leon, Adrian Loyer, James Baileu, James of vine- 

' J ^ yards. 

Papot, Samuel fiercer, "William Stephens Esq^ 
Noble Jones, Thomas Causton, Henry Parker, 
Edward Bush, and Joseph Fitzwater; And as 
each of these might doubtless encrease year by 
year, I imagine, that due eucouragment being 
oiven this Manufacture mav be also establisht; ^ ^^ 

" - ' 100£ Ster- 

It has been said that the Trustees would give ioTtfe^" 
]00£ Sterling for the first Pipe of wine w'^ ofVine^^ 

° made in 

should be made in Georgia, But tlie assurance Georgia. 
of this or other proper matter seems necessary. 

The Olive trees in the publick garden make ^^.^.^ ^^^^^^ 
large shoots, but have not yet bore fruit ; ground fiTalTnlm "^''' 
Auts, Sisannira, Palma Christi, and manv other christi 

" growing;: 

productions will yeild Oyl: and doubtless, when garSenl''' 
their Virtues are better known, and proper 
machines erected this also may become a ^lanu- 
facture. ' 


Colonial Eecords 

Mr. Thos. Causton to the Trustees. 

Drugs for 
dying and 

in annual 


part of 
land near 
coast sandy 
and poor. 

There can be no room to doubt, tiiat Drugs 
both for (lying and ^[edieine are naturall pro- 
(hietions; Since tis veiy evident that the Natives 
Dye various colours and cure various Diseases; 
Therefore if skilful Botanists were employd, 
both these Sorts of Drugs I\Iight be not only 
refln'd from their native rudeness, but other 
])roductions also, not yet growing here, might be 
introduct, And be of as good growth as those 
now purchas'd in forreign Territorys. 

The experiments made in planting Annual 
Cotton has generally prov'd successfull in re- 
S}ieft to quantity and quality, But unless some 
engine be found as will take out the Seed agre- 
ably to that Sort which is rais'd in the West 
Indias, no great quantity can be obtain'd. That 
of the West Indias will not produce Cotton here 
and is easily divested of its' Seed; But the Sort 
wliich grows here is far more difficult, and at 
])resent is no otherwise cleans 'd than by a 

tedious picking. 

: ) ■" it 

Tobaccoe thrives very well, and in a Short 
time a Suflicient quantity might be rais'd to 
.supply the home consumption. 

Altho 1 raentiond at the beginning that the 
greatest part of the Land near the Coast was 
sandy aud poor, I would not be understood But 
that there are large Tracts of very fniitfuU land, 
sullicient to raise means for there manufactures ; 
And if these or some of them were duly pro- 
moted, the clainorous and dreadful Sound of 
Starving would soonV silenc't; And I am apt 


Mr. Thos. Causton to the Trustees. 

to think, that if a retrospection was made into 
the affairs of South Carolina, It would be found 
that they laboured under a lingring Infancy 
whilst they depended on raising of food oidy; 
And till they found a Manufacture (only fit for 
Slaves to work in) they did not mend their cir- 
cumstances ; because till they met with advant- 
ages whereby to guard ag'. the Losses by Death 
and desertion in those Slaves, such kind of 
Labourers must have been their more etfectuall 

I think it practicable and therefore wish, that 
the Plough woulil in a few years supply the 
place of the Hoe in Georgia ; And therefore that 
due support for some short time might be gran- 
ted to the planters ; And as a due promotion of 
such Manufactures pro])er for the Country will 
naturally add to the planters comfort and be his 
future hope, It is very probable that the request 
for Negro's would also dye. 

Oxted Decern^ 1. ITil. 


The foregoing being agrenble to my promise 
I commit it to your Consideration as occasion 
shall Serve, for my own part, Delays has rais'd 
a despair of that Success which I once expected 
and assur'd others would attend Industr}^ 

Aspiring thoughts often deceive, But slight- 
ed Integrity and disregarded Industry wounds 
the Souk 

The plough 
instead of 
the hce. 


Colonial Records 

Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

Give me leave to repeat thanks for your last, 
but my not hearing farther obliges me to think 
that the Prejudice here, has clouded all my 

I wish you much happiness, and desire to be 

IV most obedient Serv^ 

T. Causton. 

(From B. P. P. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Lett?:r FKO^t Mr. Stephens to the Trustees of 
THE 3 1st OF Dec. 1741. Lost ^ Capt. Harra- 
MOND DiTT'o "p? Capt. Snow Coppy Jlt.y 1743. 

Savannah Dec^ 3P^: 1741. 

A true 
State of 
Jjists of in- 
of towns, 
and settle- 
sent the 

Honourable Gentlemen. 

Having it in your Commands to send annu- 
ally a true State of this Colony, whereby you 
might be enabled to promote the Well Being of 
the same, by due Encouragement of the indus- 
trious, &• rectifying what you should judge done 
amiss, by some that live, idle, disorderly, & in- 
deed of very little Use among us : I transmitted 
in tiie }\lonth of XoV: last Year from hence, 
what I thought verily to be then such a true 
Stat<* of Georgia, wherewith I also sent divers 
Lists of tlio Inlia])itants of all the Towns, Vil- 
lacres, »5i>: distinct Settlements, within the whole 

Correspondence 161 

Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

Province : & this by your special Order was done 
Tipon Oath taken by me in open Court, & by 
many others who readily joiu'd witli me, in de- 
posing that the above State of the Province of 
Georgia was true according to tlie best of our 
Knowledge, &: from the most certain Informa- 
tions we could obtain from others ; & did desire 
the Seal of the Court might be aflLxed thereto 
(which was accordingly done). ^^Vnd being well 
aware, that there were some who lived among 
us, of a querulous Disposition, whom the plain- 
est Truth will not evince against their own Opin- 
ion; wlierever I doubted any Scruple might be 
raised by such Persons ; particularly [sic] as to 
the Nature of the Soil, Produce of the Land in 
Cultivation; natural Produce of the Country in 
Timber, Shrubs, Vegetables of great Variety; 
Eoots of Value, Drugs; &c; for the stronger voluntary 
Confimiation of what we asserted; I added a??con. 

divers Affidavits made voluntarily by such as of state- 
had experimentally found the Truth of it. All 

these Things with many other Papers of es- 
pecial Use for your Honours Information, were 
sent from Charles Town in the Ship Scudamore, 
bound thence for Bristol : but to my great Grief, 
we are lately inform'd from divers Parts, that 
the Scudamore never arrived in any Port of 

Britain; or elsewhere that may be learnt; but mo^e. a"sh1p 
was in all probabilitv founder 'd at Sea. This important 

'■ " papers to 

great Misfortune has in some Measure de- ^Jjfposoli 
stroy'd the Intent of tho.=^o Papers, whereby a been''io*'st 

, ^. * at sea. 

clear View was opened (we hoped) to the satis- 
faction of all concern 'd in an Enquiry what the 


Colonial R 


Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

A List of 
made for 

real State of this Colony was at that Time; for 
of loit"^^^*" tho' n l>i]plieate was sent by another Ship about 

Journal sent 

by another a ^foiitli after the Original, which I am inform 'd 

ship. ^ 

came not to the llon*"^ Tinistees Hands 'till April 
last; yet the Loss of all those Papers that were 
sent with it, is irrecoverable. 

What I look on as my Duty now, is to trans- 
mit such List of the Inhabitants of the several 
Towns & Villages as may both shew, who they 
are; & what they are; together with the Settle- 
ments made by divers, on certain Tracts of Land 
consisting of different Quantities to the Extent 
most of 'em, of 500 Acres; & laying within the 
Northern District of the Province of Georgia, 
entitled the County of Savannah: the several 
parti-'ulars whereof are herewith sent. 

After having so farr executed your Ilouours 
Coimnands, to tlie best of my Understanding, <S: 
only hiid down .Matter of Fact, visible, not to be 
controverted; I must also in the next Place ask 
leave to make a few Remarks on the disengenu- 
ons Methods taken by some Persons to culum- 
niab' a!! who think differently from them; & 
after many base Assertions, void of any Foun- 
dations. i)ointed directly at the Trusts Secre- 
tary here; they have in plain Terais, by the 
strongest Inferences they could patch together, 
charged the Trustees themselves with being the 
Authors of their Misery, as they tell the World 
is come upon them. 

The Substance of what they publish'd, I find 
chiefly in two Papers that came abroad into the 

Base as. 
void of 
made in 
regard to 
the Trus. 
tees and 
Secretarv . 

Correspondence 163 

Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

Light this Year now pass'd over; Coppy of one .-The Re- 
ef which was lately sent me bv the Trusts ^r'^'the'^ii-'' 

, habitants 

Orders, entitled the Remonstrance of tiie In- .';|',^^'^^J{j;;\7 

habitants of the Town & County of Savannah, J^^h^-'and the 

S: the Eest of the Inhabitants of the Province of nufabuams 

Georgia to the lion*"^ Trustees ia\ dated Xov' : Province of 

° Georgia. 

22"'^: 1740: the other came abroad some time 
last Summer, publish 'd in Print at Charles 

"A True 
and Hls- 

Town in S° Carolina nnder the Title of a true & Narrative 

ot tlie 

historical Narrative of the Colony of Georgia g^;,^^,,?; 
&c ; with three of the Authors Names to it. 

The Eemoustrance begins with an heavy Ac- 
cusation against your Honours Secretary, which j^^^H^f^^'X 
they enlarge much upon, & which he must beg Jecret'^lry 
Leave to referr to, forewoiding tedious trans- enlarged 


cripts of the Writers Eloquence; who seems to 
delight more in Words & a peculiar Style, than 
in reciting plain Matters of Fact, with such Sin- 
cerity, as ought to be expected. 

In the first Place they begin roundly to assert, 
that their Friends in England had advis'd 'em. 
of your Honours having sent Orders to your {^^^l^% 
Secretary & the Magistrates here, to acquaint sea\^beins 
the Lihabitants that thev should write their co^plaints 

of the In. 

Grievances & Complaints, & get the Seal of this ^^^^Hf" 
To\vn affixed to them, in Order to have the Same 
transmitted to the hon^'*" Board. Those Orders 
were dated in a Letter to me of 25'*^ of Feb''^: 
1739/40 & came to my Hands from your Hon- 
ours Accomptant on 19*^ of May following. I 
liave lately on this Occasion had Recourse sev- 
eral Times to that Letter (which without Doubt 

to the 


Colonial Kecords 

Mr. Stephens to the Trustees 

A club 
formod to 
power and 
of the 


the choosi.ig 
of magis. 
trates and 
other ofil- 
cers, free 
use of 
tenure of 
land in fee 

your Clerks took Coppy of) &; confess my "Want 
of Discernment to find ont by wliat means such 
a Construction could be made of it, as these 
Men have try'd to palm upon the common Un- 
derstanding of those who read it: Can it be 
supposed, that 'twas your Honours Intentions, 
I should consult Doctor Tailfer & his Adherents, 
in what manner to aggravate those Grievances 
which they were become Ai3pellants to Parlia- 
ment to get redress 'd. & to join wdth 'em in re- 
proaching the 'Jh-ust, with being wholly regard- 
less of the Welfare of the Colony? It was too 
well known, how turbulent a Sett of Men at that 
Time were grown in opposing all Power & x\u- 
thority whatever, deriv'd from the hon'''^ Trust; 
how they had form'd themselves into a Club for 
that End ; & by Degrees were come to such Pitch, 
as nothing le.^s would satisfy 'em than a total 
Subversion of the whole Constitution; in those 
three Articles more especially; concerning chus- 
ing their own ^vfagistrates & other Officers ; the 
Freo Use of Negroes ; & a Tenure of their Lands 
in Fee Simj^le tSrc: Was it possible, if I had at- 
tenipted it, to have formed any thing intelligible, 
or consisting v/ith Truth & common Decency, 
from a collective Body, of such as were pre- 
judiced to the utmost Degree, & determin'd at 
all Events to oppose every Proposition that was 
not of their o\vi\ Shaping! 'Twas too evident 
from their ordinary Conversation, that 'twas 
impracticable. Wlierefore your Secretary 
thought it his safest Course, to make Choice of 
a few of the most intelligent Persons, such as 

Correspondence 165 

Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

were more than equally interested in the Wel- 
fare of the Colony, with farr the greatest part 
of the People ; whom he consulted in all that was 
done, & it soon appear 'd how unbyass'd their 
judgments were; for scarce a Paragraph was 
agreed to in its first forming, without many 
Alterations & much Controversy, 'till all Doubts 
were clear 'd & we were unanimous in our Opin- 
ion; & wherein soever that unanimily [sic] 
could not be attain 'd, 'twas wholly laid asside. 

'Tis laid to your Secretary's Charge that . 
'twas several Moutiis after I reed your Honours 
Orders contain '<l- in the aforesaid Letter, before 
I publish 'd it; together with what we had pre- 
pared at the same Time. "What can more natur- 
ally be inferr'd from thence; than that Ave acted 
with great Caution in pursuing Truth where we 
could find it, even in the most remote Parts? 
which was indeed the Case. 

In the next Place they take Xotice that at a 
Meeting of the Tovm Court, a long Paper was ^ad^it^ 
read setting forth the Colony in the most ad- S^TegJr'd'^'^ 
vantagious Light ; enumerating several Particu- coiony. 
lars, which the old Settlers (as they would be 
distinguish 'd by) cannot join in; why? because 
they say they can't remember ever to have seen 
a Pomegranate Hedge, much less with Fruit TtTHedges. 
growing; a notable Eemark truly! but do they 
pretend to disprove it ! I now do averr, what I 
before asserted ; that such Hedges were then, & 
are now, to be seen; & such Plants are to be 
found in divers parts of this Province. I do 

166 Colonial. Eecords 

Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

not remoinber (to use their own Words) that I 
said there was Fruit growing: but this year I 
am well inform 'd the Person who planted those 
Spite shown Hedges has fair Fruit u})on 'em. Their mean 
instances. Spite ai.)}jears remarkable even in such petty 
Instances; where they cannot with Patience 
bear, that your Honours should be inform'd 
what the Land in this Colony Is capable of 
yielding; whether by its natural Product, in 
great ^^ariety of choice Vegetables, Eoots, 
Drugs, cV'C, besides Timber of most Kinds; as 
also by Cultivation: & the Mention which they 
made of Silk, AVine, Oil Szg, is in such a con- 
temptuous ^Manner, as if they demanded Credit 
implicitly, from all whom they think fit to ap- 
peal to, that 'twould never come to any Perfec- 
tion; as your Secretary would perswade the 
^\'(>rld, ^: priiicipn'.ly your lionours to believe. 
Tlii.< indeed may deserve some Consideration, 
v.hether ever in any of my Letters, Journals, or 
even in that State of the Colony, which they 
are so angry at; I have dared to impose the 
least Shadow of Fnlshood upon those I have the 
Honour to serve ; whose Penetration, would soon 
discover it. iV expose the Imposter to Shame, 
witliiMit the Assistance of such Helpers. If the 
(^)uantities of Grain produced, have been less 
than might have been expected, for some Years 
past; v.hat is it owing to, but that Aversion to 
planting, which has been so industriouly propa- 
gated by artful! Men, for their own By Ends, 
during so long time past? for the Use of Ne- 
groes, or the ( 'ontrary, herein I conceive is not 


Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

the Question: & I believe 'twill be hard to find 
a Keason, why such Men at least as were born 
to labour, should not occupy & cultivate what 
Land they could, for their own Benefit ; had they 
not suffer'd themselves blindly to be led aside Led bundiy 

aside by 

by those Designers. But of this more will be i>esigners. 
said hereafter. Nevertheless, they say 18 Per- 
sons, some Landholders, & some not, sign'd the 
said Paper, & were sworn in Court : 'Twould 
have been but fair, if they had also told how 
many were sworn before a magistrate out of 
Court at several times, who came of their own 
Accord to your Secretarys House, & sign'd after 
being sworn ; where I had given publick Notice 
that Collection lay, entitled a true State of the 
Province of Georgia; & where it continued to .. , , 

■^ ' A true 

lay open many Days, from the Time of my read- province ^'^^ 
ing it publickly. 'till tlie Day I sent it off: inso- ^' Georgia." 
much that 'twas witliheld from none, whether 
they came with a Disposition to put their Names 
to it, or cavil at it in another Place : & I was so 
cautious not to give any Jealousy of tampering 
with the People; and prevailing by either menac- 
ing or wheedling to join in what we had done, 
that I defy 'em to j)ruduee Oiie whom I ask'd 
any Thing al>out it: whilst 'tis notoriously 
known with what Diligence ^Messengers were 
sent on Foot, on Horseback, or by Water, to 
every Place which they thought would yield 'em 
Proselytes : insomuch that their boasted Num- 
bers consisted in great Part of the most ignor- 
ant, & lowest of the Peoi)le; among whom were 
divers, who were not only wandering Persons, 



Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

A sugpes- 
tlon that 
every rea- 
son write 
his own 

sentatiun In 
regard to 
Town Seal. 

without the least Interest in the Colony; but 
several oth.ers also whom Plenty of Drink had 
deprived of their Reason; as some of 'em have 
since confessed it with Shame. And it ought not 
here to be forgotten, with what Care & Secresy 
that Remonstrance of theirs was carried on, till 
perfected; no Person whatever being allow'd a 
Sight of any Part of it, without being well as- 
sured of his joining therein. 

Tliey go on & say. That they modestly told 
your Secretary they apprehended from what he 
had read to 'em; the Meaning of the hon*''^: 
Board was, that every Person should write their 
own Grievances; to which I answer'd No: 
whereto I can only make this Reply; that 'tis 
very ])robable I might say, 'twas past my Under- 
standing to make such an Explication of any 
Paragra]»h which I had read to 'em, or which 
conhl be foiuid in the aforesaid Letter, as would 
admit of it. AVhat they say of the Town Seal is 
likewise a Misrepresentation: they ask'd for it, 
'tis true; &; 'twas with usual Modesty, most in 
solenty demanding it; when I told 'em, the Seal 
was in tiie ^Magistrates Custody, who I did 
imagine, would not be of Opinion, 'twas meant 
by the Trust to be made Use of in that manner; 
& expo.-ed to give a Sanction to whatever Com- 
plaints whether real or feign'd were put to- 
gether out of Court: so they were told from the 
Bench, where two of the three Bayliffs were of 
the same Opinion with me, the third ] chuse to 
say nothing of here, probably his Name may be 
made Use of on another Occasion. 

Correspondence 169 

Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

In the next Place, they declare tlie Impos- 
sibility they are under of living in Georgia, in iry^oruvin?; 
any Shape, unless they have tlie Liberty & Free- without 

* ' "^ ' more free- 

uom before mention 'd (which need not to be ub^rty!"^ 
repeated being- well known) : & here the Penman 
thinks he has a fair Field to display his Ehe- 
torick, & in most pathetick Strains to move his 
Headers to Compassion, for those unhappy 
People wlio have bestow 'd so much fruitless 
Labour with the Sweat of their Brows; poor 
Gentlemen who never were used to such Work! 
These Things would seem ver^^ melting: but I 
hope a little Enquiry farther may be made into 
this dismal Story without the Imputation of JJ^^^pS^^g 
Cruelty, for not being contentedly led in the %of\t 
Dark. 'Tis well known that upon the first Es- 
tablishment of this Colony, poor unfortunate 
Men, who were render 'd incapable of living at 
Home; whether thro' misfortune or Misconduct 
were accepted: did not these Men know on what 
Terms they came? have there been any Hard- 
ships or new Conditions, imposed on 'em since? 
surely it might reasonably be expected, that 
such who had no Stock of their own, should 
spare a little of the Sweat of their Brows in 
taking some Pains to live : Several of 'em, have 
done so, who by their Industry in Cultivation, & 
raising some Live Stock, now live comfortably: 
& tis past all Doubt, that more might have done 
the same, had they not been deceiv'd with the pe^eived 
specious Assurances made 'em by a few design- Tnces^mado 
ing Men, who told 'em they were Fools to under- ilfg men. 
take such "Work as was only tit for Negroes, & 


Colonial Records 

Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

Knough to 
poor people 
prone to 

higher in 
than in 
other parts 
of Colony. 

if they would stick by it with them, it must cer- 
tainly }>roduce a Concession from the Tru.-<t to 
make Use of Slaves; ^l- that would maintain 'em 
hand.>onieiy. Was not this (or less) sufficient 
to intoxicate a Parcell of poor People that were 
already prone to Laziness? who readily there- 
fore swallow'd the Bait, which lull'd 'em asleep, 
& golden Dreams was what they must next live 
upon; wliich soon hrougdit divers of 'em to that 
starvini,- Condition that this Eemonstrance sets 
forth ; ,\: when they could no longer find Credit 
Jiere, tliey lied to Carolina & other Places where 
they found themselves miserably disappointed; 
for without Work nothing was to be had there: 
Some few have since return 'd to Georgia again, 
from different Provinces they made Tryal of; 
where they found their Mistake; for Labour 
was still before their. Eyes; & they had ex- 
perienc'd that Wages ran higher here than in 
other Parts; so that 'twas manifest, if they 
would work at any Thing, tho' no clearing of 
Land, they were in no Danger of starving: 
^fany of 'em ('tis confess'd) lost their Lives 
by the Exchange; who too late wish'd them- 
selves back; but unhappily were stopt by the 
Contagion at Carolina to lay their Bones there. 
Tho' l^y all that we can learn with Truth not 
near so many as our Pemonslrants set forth 
with a sort of Pageantry; having Eecourse to 
the li'egister of Mortality (as they tell us): 
Xevei1hele>s large Exceptions should have been 
made for Errors, unless willfull; as might 
plainly be made appear from hence, if 'twere of 



Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

any Use: let those who deluded 'em have the 
Thanks due for their Pains. 

As to the Decay of Houses &c which the Re- 
monstrants give such a mournfull Account of; h 
'tis apprehended it may be sufficient to referr 
to the annexed List; where 'twill appear, with- 
out any Attempt of Art, to give a false Colour- 
ing; what the present Number is: but having 
not seen what a poor Parcel 1 they have reduced 
them to; Your Secretary conceives it of little 
Import to argue at Eandome. Had they taken 
Truth & Justice for their Gruides, they would at 
the same Time have taken Notice how many 
were new built or building at that Time on fresh 
Lots. And here it may be observ'd as proper 
as any where, (tho' I step aside a little from fol- 
lowing the Track they pursue) that within a 
little Time now past, no less than 6 or 7 Fami- 
lies have had Freehold Lotts granted in this 
Town, who sought earnestly for 'em; & those 
Grants not rashly obtain 'd, without the Char- 
acters of the Persons l)eing being first enquired 
into, & the Probability of their immediate mak- 
ing some Lnprovement.s ; whei-ein several of 'em 
have already shewn that they are in earnest: & 
that I may not let their piteous Moan pass, re- 
lating to the 500 xVcre Lots, without due Regard ; 
they may take some Consolation possibly in 
being told, that here are ^len to be found yet, 
who are hardy enough to make Experiment, & 
see whether something better than utter Ruin 
may not arise from a due ^Management of those 
Tracts of Land, or less Quantities; whereof 

Decoy of 


Of little 
to argue 
at random. 


Colonial jRfxords 

Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

Stirrers up 
of diacord 
left Georela. 

of land. 

strokes of 
malice, to 
make the 

about a Dozen or more are fully occupied, & con- 
siderable Plantations rais'd upon them; as there 
were also at the same Time that these Stirrers 
up of Discord (for Koasons best known to them- 
selves) forsook Georgia,. & led divers others to 
dance the same Rounds: moreover it is affirm 'd 
by your Secretary, that in few Weeks past, since 
the Ixcceipt of your Constitution, appointing a 
President &• four Assistants to have the Juris- 
diction of the County of Savannah ( esteem 'd 
one half of tho Province of Georgia) they have 
granted divers Parcells of Land, to different 
Persons, amounting to upwards of [sic] Acres, 
to be confirmed by your Honours; which the 
Grantees are instantly going to work upon, as 
Landholders, exclusive of any Town or Village: 
& several Petitions are now before 'em for 
farther Grn.nts of the like Kind; which they will 
take due Consideration of, not to put 'em into 
the Hands of such, as mean no better, than to 
wait for the Time of holding them in Fee 
Simple, which they seem to expect; when they'll 
be read}- to make Sale, of what cost them no 
Pains or Expence, to any that will purchase. 

Those curious Strokes of exuberant Malice 
which these Remonstrants have interwoven so 
frequently in almost every Paragraph, to make 
your Sf cr<'tary become odious ; He is very little 
distur])M at, t^' can look on 'em with Contempt, 
whilst he thinks his Character safe under your 
Honours Protection, & which he hopes his In- 
tegrity will in some Pleasure entitle him to: but 
with what Patience can anv man read such a 


Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

Volume of Bagatel, with all its Tinsel Oma- g^ch a 
ments, & imaginaiy Substance; who knows that Bag!iTe1.°^ 
the principal Eequisite for a Foundation is 
wanting; & that is, Trutli? They say that for 
seven Years by past they had tried all that m 
them lay, to make the Province flourish ; but to 
no Purpose; & they are just as far now from 
being able to support themselves by their Lands, 
as they were at first sitting down; &c; (very 
likely indeed). Now (for once to humour them) 
let us look over the List of these Complaiuers, 
& see how & what they have done since your 
Secretarys Abode here (which is more than 
four Years past) : c^' 'tis imagin'd there can be 
no fairer Way of bringing this to the Test, than 
by adding to the Name of each of the Subscrib- 
ers a true Account of what Land he has planted, 
& what else he has taken Pains in, to make this 
Colony flourish: wherefore I ask leave to referr 
to such List annex 'd, as well of those who put 
the first Hands to this Pemonstrance at Savan- 
nah, as of those who so cordially join'd 'em 
soon after at Charles Town, 

List of 
looked Into. 

TTliat they are pleas 'd farther to advance, 
relating to so many Hands being then employ 'd Sf'minf- *° 
at the Orphan House: I Immbly conceive needs employed 

^ " at the 

no farther Notice; than that 'twas well we had go^^l" 
so many Hands to be spared; great part of 
which were Artificers; &: tho' they had been 
several Months now discharg'd from that "Work; 

sought for AVork out of this Part of the Pro- 
vince: on which Occasion it may be noted, that 

174 Colon i.\L Records 

Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

since the great Fire at Charles Town, there can- 
Are^ M '''''* not but he a great Demand for such People to- 

Charles i • n 

Town. wards reedifying [sic] it: & 'tis well known, by 

every days Experience in all parts of the World, 
that Uandycraft :\Ien will move to & fro, as they 
iind Occasion for the Benefit of their Employ- 
ment; & return Home again on the like Motive, 
or any other they see proper : :\Iust it then be con- 
cluded, that none who cross the River into Caro- 
lina for a jjresent xVTlvantage, will ever return to 
their Habitations in Georgia are any of those 
who they say are employ 'd in Scout Boats, Ran- 
gers &c, to be deem'd ever the less Inhabitants, 
because they don't sleep every Night in Savan- 
nah, whilst they are serving the Publick? It is 
with equal Strength of Argimient, they flatly 
lu-onounce so great a Number of People undone 
by Cultivation of Land. Tliey mention numer- 
ically S;] five Acre Letts, some wholly, some in 
part fenc'd .V: cultivated; which instead of main- 
taining the Owners, run 'em in Debt & ruin'd 
'em: &: the 45 Acre Lots answer'd no better. 
But this Assertion will prove as little to be 
maintain M as any of the former, & be of as little 
Use to tli(^ present Subscribers of this Remon- 
strance. I'll ]iot contend with 'em how wide 
they are from the Truth; let the List above 
mention M determine that; if any Credit mxay be 
given to what I averr, c<c shall never depart 
from. When any Person is said to be undone & 
ruin'<l : wliatever the Occasion be, it must imply 
he was a Man of some Substance before; now 
supposing the Number to be 83 of these five 

Correspondence 175 

Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

Acre Planters (as they affirm) it should appear 
also what Stock of their own, the Possessors 
of them at first sate out witli : & tho' I grant 
there may have been some few, yet 'tis to be 
doubted they'll be found very few, who began 
cultivating Land on any of the Freehold Lots 
within the Township of Savannah, that may be 
said to be undone for so doing: for if they grew 
weary of going on, by Eeason of a bad Crop, 
or any other Cause; the most that can be said 
of it, is, that they were disappointed in their 
Expectations; & as many as thought so; might 
betake themselves to some other Employment, 
as divers of 'em did, &: never were at a Loss 
when they would work, to find good Wages : but 
it must be allowed me to say, that too many of 
'em, addicted that way before they came hither, 
grew lazy & sottisli ; c^- if one Days Work would 
maintain 'em two they sought no farther. 
'Twould redound more to the Credit of these 
Remonstrants, if none such had help'd to make 
up the List they boast of. 

The Owners of 500 Acre Tracts, or such like 
Settlements upon a less Quantity of Land, dis- 
tinct from the Town c^' Villages, are next to be iVams? Ma. 

Mr. Wil. 


considered: & how many are there among 'em Stirling, 

*' ° Grant and 

that have made any Pretence to complain? TonlpSlns 

Mess"^. Williams, Mathews, Stirling, Grant, & 

Fallowfield, are all that I find: for what Reason 

the last of 'em should stand in that Rank I am 

at a Loss to know: for 'tis certain, that after 

three or four Years past on his Land, in the 

Isle of Hope, the only Improvement to be found 

;(:i; \v)VAl)i)f', 

vC 'lo >-f^jrv;0 eUT 


Colonial Hecoeds 

Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

time in 
and rais- 
ing dis- 

made in 
regard t<: 

Finders of 
faults but 
their own. 

is a slight built little House; & I never heard of 
any planting Work taken in hand, except at his 
first Beginning, that lie rais'd a few Potatoes: 
since which he has kept out of all Danger from 
Ruin in such Work : & I wish a long Course of 
hixurious Living at Jenkins's, & spending their 
Time in forming new Schemes there, how to 
compell the hon*"'*: Trust to comply with their 
\'iews, raising Discontent among the People 
«S:e; which Time might have been better em- 
ploy 'd (I wish I say) those Things have not 
more contributed to their Loss than planting. 

What Kcmark they thought fit to make on the 
Trust's Servants employd in cultivating a Faiin 
of their own, which they produce as an irrefrag- 
able Argument of the Impossibility there is, for 
any one to live by planting; I think turns 
against 'em : for admitting it to be true that the 
Fruit of their Farm made but a poor xVppear- 
ance in the Year 1740, which indeed I must im- 
})ute to tlit^ Negligence, Sloth, or something 
worse of such as were appointed to look after 
them & keep them to their Business: Had these 
Finders of every ones Faults but their own; 
lived to see the Produce of the same Farm in 
1741, then under the Direction of more careful! 
Overseers, they would have seen a very plenti- 
ful! Crop brought home; proportionable to the 
Number of Acres clear 'd: & is it not reasonable 
then to su])pose that the like Number of Acres, 
coeteris ]>aribus, in Possession of ])rivate 
Hands, would be as grateful! to the Owners, if 
dulv attended? The State of the Vi!la2:es they 



Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

run over apace, & would seem to be thought per- 
fect in that Lesson, at their Fingers Ends; but 
behold they are quite mistaken in them all: & 
to make the same Paragi-aph abound with yet 
more Absurdities, they affirm that most of the 
500 Acre Tracts which were once settled, now 
lye waste &, uncultivated; whereas your Secre- 
tai'v can fmd none lying uncultivated at the 
Time of their Complaint more than were at his 
Entering on your Service, excepting only 
Mess" AVilliams, Mathews, Stirling & Grant be- 
fore mention 'd; to preponderate which, con- 
siderable Improvements have since been made 
on Lands granted to Henry Parker, Noble 
Jones, the Orphan House, your Secretary, &c, & 
the Occupiers find no Reason to complain this 
Year of a scanty Production, with Eegard to the 
Extent of the Land they planted, from 10 to 20 
Acres, each as he saw good ; c^ it may reasonably 
be expected those Plantations, as well as divers 
others, will yearly encrease; at the same time 
when other Lands newly granted are also taken 
in Hand for Improvement. 

We are now come to the six Articles without 
which being complied with, it seems no Peace 
is to be expected from these Champions, es- 
pecially the two first grand Prelimitaries. How 
modest, how reasonable these Demands are; 
Would be downright Arrogance in me to deter- 
mine: when your Honour (Gentlemen) appears 
so plainly struck at: which is so farr out of 
Reach to be polluted by any Touch of theirs; 
that it must be the greatest Condescention in 

No reason 
to complain 
this year of 
scanty pro- 

A few more 
added to 
the Remon- 
strance by 
T\'ay of 


CoLoxiAL Records 

Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 


niade to 
and estab 
in the 

you to shew any Regard to so much Impudence, 
vailed under a false & affected Shew of Plumil- 

AVhat I have said in the foregoing Pages, in 
Return to so much Malignity as discovers itself 
in the Authors of that unparrell'd Remon- 
strance of theirs, which they got sign'd by a 
certain Xuniher of People dated the 22"*^ of Nov' 
1740; ]\Iiglit reasonably be hoped sufficient at 
one Time to shew that the Clamour then rais'd 
(T wish, 1 could say yet appeased) proceeded 
from the Designs of some Crafty Men, whose 
lousiness it Avas to stir up the People to a State 
of Discontent, in Order to make Use of them as 
Tools pro])er to work with, for bringing to pass 
such a Cliange of the Constitution & Establish- 
ment here, as would sute their own Purpose: 
IKirticiiIarly l»y a free Importation of Xegroes ; 
».^- being govern 'd by Magistrates whom they 
should chuse; & in whom also the Right of Elec- 
tion should be of all other Town Officers. Risum 
teneaties? They have not yet told us what 
Ofiicers they design 'd for your Honours; but 
'tis plain they would admit of no Rule over them 
of your Ajipointment. Before I draw such 
References (nevertheless) from the whole, as I 
conceive will naturally fall in my Way: I am 
yet callM upon to look into a few more Papers 
added to the Remonstrance by Way of Supple- 
ment, from their Dear Friends departed hence 
to Charles 'I'own. where I find at once such a 
]\[ass of Ordure collected to bespatter your 
Secretary with, as must undoubtedlv be dis- 

Correspondence 179 

Mr. Stephens to tho Trustees. 

agreeable to every Person, who has Regard to 
Candour & Ecjuity. As they have takcu the 
Liberty now to name the Person or Persons 
ahn'd at, judging the shortest and plainest AVay 
the best; I hope to be allow 'd the like Liberty: 
& therefore I begin with Mess^=^ Anderson, 
Tailfer, & Douglass (who of late are become 
such noted Authors) not looking upon the Eest 
of this List to be of equal Eloquence; tho' not 
inferior perhaps in Prejudice ; & would be glad 
to know; by what Rule of Justice they are 


Tailfer and 
of late 

pleased to lav so nianv heavA^ Things to my such noted 

^ ' . ^ o . authors. 

Charge, as they have done almost thro tho whole 
of this Piece. They begin and Say.— ''That 
'"tis impossible for them to live here accord- 
''iug to the present Establishment of the Con- 
"stitution, together with the manifold Restric- 
"tions, Grievances, cK: Oppressions contain 'd 
''therein Scq (A short & full Declaration of their 
"Resolution to oppose it) & having received In- made^b™^"^ 

ten ,• ,-. n rry . '^ dlsturbcrs 

lonnation ot the Transaction m Georda, with ""' ^^^ 

o ' peace. 

"Regard to your Honours Letter directed to 
"AVill^ Stephens Secretary, enjoyning that the 
"People should set forth their Grievances, & 
"have the Seal affix'd thereto: After some in- 
" decent l^j unjust Reflections, complaining they 
"could hitherto find no Redress of those 
"Grievances; they proceed & say, that they 
"should not have thought it to any Purpose to 
"trouble your Honours with this at present, had 
"they not some Grounds to believe by the Con- 
" tents of your foresaid Letter to U\ Stephens, 
"that you are desirous of being trulv inform 'd 


Colonial Records 

Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

made to 
of the 
from the 

with secret- 
ing Trus- 
tees' order. 

*'of the State of that miserable Colony; & they 
^'uovr ho])e that the Account of the manner in 
** which your Orders have been executed, will 
''unfold the Means that have been all along 
"practiced to prevent you from kno^\ing• it, as 
''likewise the Series of Contrivance, that has all 
"along- been used to disappoint the poor Inhabi- 
"tauts of reaping any Benefit from your Jus- 
"tice & irumanity." 

Then they go on & expatiate largely upon 
your Secretarys keeping that Letter private; 
with as many aggravating Circumstances as 
their Rage couid suggest. This would appear 
a terril)le Accusation indeed, had they the least 
Foundation of Truth to support it: but your 
Secretary begs leave to referr to what he has al- 
ready wrote in his own Defence, on this Occa- 
sion, at the Beginning of this Re\dew; & must 
humbly submit to your Honours, how farr your 
Orders have been observ'd in transacting that 
Atfair; & whether he did his Duty or not to the 
best of his Power Sz Understanding. One Ob- 
servation cannot escape me, viz', one while I am 
charg'd with secreting your Orders, keeping 
your Letter private &e, & yet at the same time 
they would be thought to recapitulate those In- 
structions, contain 'd in it; which they say a 
Friend of theirs sent 'era soon after. That ]\P. 
Tailfer, &- 2 Witnesses with him, came to me, 
demajiding the Sight of that Letter, wherein 
such Instructions were sent me, I shall not 
deny: & my Answer was that I received no such 
Instructions as they mention 'd; & I appre- 


Correspondence 181 

Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

bended they had no Eight to expect I should 
communicate the Trusts Letter to them, any 
farther than where I was directed so to do. 
Who that Friend of theirs was, that could com- 
municate the Contents of that Letter to them 
(as they pretend tho' falsly recited) must be 
left to others to judge: 'tis beyond my Imagi- 
nation. They are very angry that I would not ^o/^^"Sy 
allow 'em a Copy of that Eepresentation of the 

of "the 

State of the Colony, wiiicli I otfer'd in Court; the°state 

of the 

what, would they expect I should leave it to 

their Will, to destroy the very Intent of it, by 

submitting it to. the Correction of their wise 

Club; who doubtless would have made pretty 

Work of it ; prepared as they were to withstand 

& oppose whatever did not agree with those 

Schemes of Government which they determin'd 

to stand by 1 'Tis a great Pleasure to 'em never 

thelcss (they say) that neither Promises nor 

Threats, nor all the Arts made use of, could gain 

any Considerable Number either for Quantity 

or Quality (I suppose, they mean equal to those 

who sigTi'd the Eemonstrance) & here twill be 

allow'd me I hope to laugh & be pleas'd too; let 

us but look over the Lists of each, & 'twill soon 

appear what Quality we have among us. As to 

their base Assertion of indirect Means us'd to 

get Peoples Names to it; tis so notorious a Fals- 

hood (I can't help calling it so) that if they can tkiscfood.'^^ 

produce one Instance of it; I'll take upon me 

the Guilt of all. 

They go on in the .^^ame pompuous Strain, iS: 
make no Scruple of committing to Writing what- 


Colonial Records 

Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 





notions of 


of those 
because of 

amount of 

ever their wicked Imaginatiou suggests ; setting 
a great Value ou tbeir own Independency &c; 
charging two or three with liaving been once of 
a different Opinion from what they are now, 
wlien they sign'd that Representation witli 'em 
of the 9'" of Dec^ 173S. 'Tis agreed they did so : 
but may not a ^lan, consistent with Honesty, 
quit such Company when he finds 'em pursuing 
dangerous Steps wherein he dares no longer 
folh3w them, to fly in the Face of the Trustees, 
because what they then ask'd was not thought 
proper to be complied with! these Men now so 
reproach 'd, thought it their wisest Way to sit 
still & wait the Trustees Pleasure when & in 
what manner to grant such Benefits as they 
know to be most usefuU as well for them, as 
for the Good of the Colony in general; whilst 
tht'-e Men of ]\e.<istance immediately had Re- to the most unwarrantable Measures of 
])oisoning the common People with such wild 
Notions of Freedom, Slaver}^, Oppression, & the 
like; as produced by Degrees most sad Effects, 
& tended as farr as in them lay, to overturn the 
Colony into Confusion : but perceiving there still 
remain 'd a linn Body among us, who their 
Craft had made no Impression on, & were not 
so weak to fall out with their own Bread & 
Butter, after making wdiat Mischief they could 
here: they \v(>nt off grouling & now bark out of 
Reach. After spitting their Venom at those 
few whom they appear so provoked at; they go 
on again iV: seem earnestly to contend, that there 
were others, such as vSawvers, Labourers &c 


Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

among us, tvIio were afraid of loosing their 
Bread, as some actually did, for signing the 
Remonstrance: I doubt that is another in- 
vented Tale too, for I solemnly protest, that 1 
know of not one Instance of that kind; & am 
hardy enough to confess, that in Case of no 
Covenant subsisting or forbidding it, or no 
Detriment accruing to the Publick thereby; I 
can see no Cause why I, or any of the Persons 
employ 'd by, the Trust may not prefer a Man 
who he thinks acts coufonnable to the Constitu- 
tion, before another of the same Occupation, 
who aspires at some Preferment by means of 
Distraction among us ; wherein he joins to pro- 
mote it (optat Ephippia Bos). See next what 
a charitable Imputation they bring upon such 
as stood neuter, & sig-ned neither on one Side or 
t'other: telling us tliere were many indeed (they 
must acknowledge), who were in the utmost 
Straits, & dreaded the Kesentments that soon 
would follow, who fearing to declare themselves, 
on Acco': of those Kesentments; or perhaps 
waiting the Issue, in Order to make the most of 
it afterwards; were willing to remain Xeuter; 
& this M' Stephens, M". Jones «S:c were satisfied 
with : They were ? thats well : but M"" Stej^hens 
(whose Lot it happens to be to write this) tells 
the Authors of that infamous Remonstrance, he 
finds in the List of those Neuters now before 
him (which he can avouch the Truth of) divers 
men of as good Worth as Anderson, Tailfer or 
Douglass, Sc whose Reputation is as valuable as 
theirs: tho' they have bestow 'd a dirty Compli- 

A false 

184 Colonial Records 

Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

ment to pronounce 'em Men in such Cireum- 
referred^ to^ stauces that tbcv cluist uot appear. This List 
is likewise to be referrd to; which may be de- 
pended on as perfect so farr as it goes; but 'tis 
to be fear'd several are omitted that ought in 
Right to stand there, who are not yet brought 
to light. 

After such a Dust raised & so much Obscur- 
ity with it, they begin to plume again, & exult 
greatly that such a Number of Men, in Spight 
of all the Straits & Temptations they were 
beset -vrith liave discharg'd their Duty (most 
piously witliout Doubt) to their ]Maker, their 
Country, themselves, & your Honours. After 
so much Scurrility; they appeal to our Con- 
sciences whether the Method proposed in Steph- 
en's Paper, or any other than what they insisted 
upon, could retrieve the Colony; & they tell a 
Story of Noble Jones, & what Answer he made, 
when they asked his Opinion of it, upon finding 
him in Charles Town; (AVhither he was sent by 
the General, to negaciate some Affairs about 
paying the People of Georgia, who had serv'd 
in that Pcgiinent at Augustine, & not to forward 
that PajK-r of Ours, as they would basely insinu- 
ate) which as I know nothing of, I can say 
nothing to: but I think 'twould not be easy to 
find a Man who know^s Noble Jones, that would, 
think him so weak & silly ; & may we not imagine 
this to be a Piece equally of their own forming, 
as well as that most notorious Falshood of 
their Invention which next follows; where they 
assert my admitting a ^Voman to sign, (that 

The method 
In Stephens' 

Noble J one? 



Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

Paper must be understood) for herself, Hus- 
band, Child, &c; when God knows, there never 
was the least Occasion given by me, or any other 
that ever I heard of, to conceive a Thing so 
monstrous. After this they seem to make a 
Pause of Triumph, in having display 'd this 
Affair in such a Manner, as will convince your 
Honours, what Injury is done to your Charac- 
ters, as well as their Happiness, by these desig-n- 
ing Men, who have all along sacrificed both to 
Views — What Views? why such as were not 
their present Bnsiness to enter into — Whereas 
I thought they had already enter'd so farr as 
as [sic] to be over Head & Ears in scurrilous 
-& notorious Falshood. 

'\\"hat they so positively affirm, that there are 
at least 100 Negroes made use of by the Inhabi- 
tants of Augusta, without which, not one Settler 
would live on that Side of the River; is another 
Instance of their Labour to magnify IVfolehills 
into Mountains; for notwithstanding their 
quick Sightedness beyond all others, I could 
never make such a Discovery: 'tis confess 'd, I 
have had Hints given me of some secret Con- 
trivances that way: & Xotice has been taken by 
what Arts it has been conceal 'd: one Remark 
more particularly was lately made by me, how 
such Practices crept in by Stealth (vide 24^*" 
Ocf) but I hope these bold Assertors will not 
offer to maint^iin, that any the least Connivance 
(much less Approbation) has been shewn to- 
wards such clandestine Doings; nor deny that 
they have not only been discountenanced, but 


An affirma- 
tion made 
in regard 
to negroes. 

of use of 
crept In 
by stealth. 


Colon L\L Eecokds 

Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

A most 


The last 
wicked ac- 
made in 
regard to 

also strictly forbidden, by those in Authority 
here; & Caution given to prevent it: & is it pro- 
bable then, that such a Number can lay cou- 
eeal'd, like Bays's Anny at Knights Bridge in 
Disguise? From hence they return again to a 
long Kuu of dismal Tautolog}^, setting forth the 
miserable State the poor People were reduced 
to, which compel! 'd 'em to quit their Possess- 
ions, (K:c, after so much Pains & Industry used in 
vain to support themselves; by which means 
they were ruin'd; c^ tho' they had often applied 
for Relief from those Oppressions, they could 
find none from your Honours. I\Iost impudent ! 
I hope what is already said by me is sufficient 
to refute what they insist on, without following 
them in their vain Repetitions ; & that the List 
of Subscribers now sent (which they made such 
Boast of, will abundantly shew their AVorth. 

The last wicked Accusation which they bring 
against your Secretary in Conjunction with M' 
Jones, is relating to our keeping up your pub- 
lick Stores in our Xames &c, & selling the same 
out again to the Inhabitants at exorbitant Eates, 
These are high sounding Words only: for your 
Secretary flatly denies, that ever he was privy 
to, or any wise allowing pf, such exorbitant 
Prices l)eing set upon Goods delivered at the 
Stores; which he detests tho Thoughts of; *S: de- 
fies 'em to l)ring one Proof: on the contrary, 
what induced him to consent to any Provisions 
being issued at the Store, was out of a real 
Comi^ission to the poor People, whom he saw 
falling into the Hands of greedv Men, that 


7>Tr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

's\'oiild suck their Vitals, unless some Remedy 
could be found to check that growing Evil: 
which ]iad the Success I lioped for, & those 
Blood Suckers were forced to abate more than 
20 f9 Cent of their former Demands : Upon do- 
ing whereof, People went to those Shops again, 
& seldome troubled the Stores. Some time this 
last Summer, in Obedience to the Commands of 
the Trustees, all Issues of Provisions at the 
Stores ceased, upon repeated Complaints (it 

at store 


be^in old 
game agaic 

pie, whom nothing will please; & who after the cease°d\t 

o o 1 command of 

Example of their lormer Directors, & bub- Trustees. 
scrihers of this Remonstrance, never fail to 
clamour, be it right or wrong. Behold, now 
what a sudden Change of the Scene follows. 
The Stores are shut up no more to be done 
there: the private Store Keepers begin their old 
Game again, »S: extort apace; upon which a 
lamentable Outcry ensues; & the Title of 
Rogues, Villains with many more sjTionimous 
Terms in Plenty, is bestow 'd on those who stopt 
any farther issuing of Provisions; telling the 
World we dealt cruelly with 'em before, & now 
intended to starve 'em. xUass alass poor Peo- 
ple! AVhom have you to thank for it, but those 
you are so closely attacht to ? who laid so many 
heavy Things to the Charge of such as were 
entrusted with the publick money; that the 
j^Qj^bie Trust were induced probably thereby to 
forbid any farther TralTick of that Kind, & take 
away all Occasion of your being so injured. 
Time brings many Things to light : After some 


Colonial Eecords 

Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

by store- 

The Geo- 
part of the 

Months past, we have the Misfortune to see too 
mucli Cause given for tlie Use of that Word 
(Exor])itant) wlien some of our private Store 
Keepers, who put on such a Shew of Tenderness 
for the Flock are now fleecing of 'em; selling 
brown Biscuit in small Quantities by Eetail at 
41/^" T^ Pound, but upon taking a Quantity they 
modestly atford it at •4'^; Butter of any Kind T 
%^ Pound, t^'e — But I fear I am wander 'd too 
farr astray, in pursuing what I tliink no longer 
worth my Pains; wherefore hoping from what 
is already said, that 'twill appear how little real 
Cause has been given for exhibiting such griev- 
ous Conjplaints by the Subscribers of that Ee- 
monstrance ; I shall with or without asking their 
Leave, briefly touch upon a few Things, not 
wholly (perhaps) unworthy the Notice of the 
Ilon^'" Trust: being what I will abide by the 
Truth of to my Death. 

The Geographical part of the Colony, which 
I sent last Year, I see no Cause to retract from, 
in the least ; but on the Contrary having by your 
Honours Orders procured a Person thoroughly 
quali(i(Ml to make a Map of the Northern Divis- 
ion of the Province, extending as farr as Ebe- 
nezer "Westward from the Sea Coast; Sz bounded 
by the Kivers of Savannah & Ogeechy on the 
North & South; that Work is near perfected; <fc 
I hoi)e to have the Honour of transmitting it to 
you very soon; wherein 'twill appear what Set- 
tlements are made on it; how truly valuable 
this Country is, & how well adapted for Im- 
provements, Sc Trade by Water Carriage; 

Correspondence 1°^ 

Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

scarcely to be parell'd [sic] in the know^i World. 
The South part of it from Ogeechy I humbly 
conceive will be represented to you from Gen- 
eral Oglethorpe, who lias that more immediately 
under his Eye. The genuine Product of the 
Land, has been so fully laid before your Hon- Z^tWt 
ours already, that I must imagine it need less 
to recapitulate so great Variety: 'Tis sufficient 
to say, that I hardly know any one Sort of Seed 
or a'rain put into the Earth with due Cultiva- 
tion, but is return 'd to the Planter with good 
Increase, proportionable to the Nature of the 
Soil: European Grain such as AYheat, Barley 
&c, have been often trie'd; & even now this pres- 
ent Year, many Experiments are making, by 
different Planters, what is the most proper Sea- 
son of sowing such Grain; which seems to be 
yet not fully learnt: the Thing sought for is, 
how to manage it, so as to have it ripen fully 
before the hot :^[ontlis come on; for those Heats 
coming upon it, before the Ear is well lill'd, 
are apt to occasion the Corn shrinking, & not 
producing it with such Substance, as 'tis to be 
hoped will be found in Time. Pease of many 
Kinds grow almost every where, & come to good 
Perfection. But here we must expect such will 
step in as are Advocates for the Use of Negroes 
who will insist on it that w-ithout 'em tis impos- Je^groel 
sible to clear Land : On which Occasion so much 
has been fonuerly said that I sha.ll but offer a 
few Words. The continual Danger those Pro- 
vinces are under, where they abound, is so mani- 
fest that it cannot be denied : At New York 

The use of 


Colonial Records 

Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

A conspir 
acy to set 
fire to 
city in 

to walk 
the streets 
of Charles 
Town l;ite 
at night. 

at Purys. 
burgh con- 
sist of two 
sorts of 

this last Year great Numbers of tliem have been 
p\it to Death, to got to the Bottom of a Con- 
spiracy form'd & divers Times attempted, to set 
Fire to that City: in Carolina, they are so con- 
tinually apprehensive of their Rising, that upon 
all the Festivals, such as Easter, AVhitsuntide. c^' 
Christmas, when by Custom they are allow 'd 
some Cessation from Labour ; Patroles of Horse 
are always travelling to & fro', to prevent their 
Assembling in Numbers; & at Charles Town it- 
self, 'tis so dangerous to walk the Streets late 
at Night, that tis customary with such People at 
such a Season to walk armed, for fear of being 
insulted by the Negroes : if so (which is Matter 
of Fact) what might be expected from 'em in 
this Province less than a Desertion to the 
Spaniards, where they are immediately free, d* 
add Strength to our Enemies? nay, even tlie 
regular Forces under the General, could they 
be supposed employ 'd principally to guard 
against it, perhaps would not be able wholly to 
prevent it; so many Opportunities would be 
found to steal Boats, Sc make their Passage by 
^Vater so short a Way. If 'tis argued never 
theless that our People of low Rank, would b^ 
contented with one or two only, to help them in 
carrying on Plantations, & those they can 
seoure ; T must ask how few such are (or is there 
one) able to pay for such Negroes; without 
which, our Neighbours at Purysburgh are a 
wofull Instance of the Consequence: they con- 
sist of two Sorts of People there, most Germans 
or French : One Sort at their fir.^t sitting down. 

Correspondence 191 

Mr. Stephens to the Trustees. 

presently begau with Negroes, easily liiidiiig 
Credit; the other Sort fell to work heartily 
tlieinselves: now see the Difference: the Time is 
come when the Merchant calls for his Money & 
several Years Interest at 10 r^ Cent; the Buyer 
can't make Payment; &: the Seller in a legal 
Way siezes House, Land, Negroes, & all: the 
poor Man is utterly undone: whilst the other 
Sort of People before mentiond; by following 
their Business closely have attain 'd good Sub- 
stance in live Stock &c. Not to dwell longer on 
an AiYair, which has been so frequently dis- 
cuss 'd; several of the Subscribers of that Ee- 
monstrance have own'd to me; that they 
doubted whether or not it might be at this Time, 
seasonable to have it granted : & those among us 
Qf the best Understanding, are in no wdse fond 
of having Slaves at any time, provided any 
means can be found of supplying the Colony 
with white Servants, such as are bom, & bred to 
labour, to be hired at reasonable "Wages from 
Year to Year as in England. 'Tis past Dispute 
that Negroes are as incapable of working in the .^^^^^^^^ 
Winter as white ^len in the Summer; the for- f^ ^fjjj,^-^ 
mer shrinking in the Cold, when one able 
Labourer of the latter, will do as much Work in 
a Day, as half a Dozen of t'other: but in plain 
Truth, 'tis apparent, that without Servants can 
be had in some Shape or other, the clearing & 
cultivating of Land will be found hardly practi- 
cable, in any such Degree as 'tis to be wish'd it 
might : for the Encrease of Planting must chief- 
Iv arise from such Landholders as have a con- 


192 Colonial Records 

Mr. Slephons to the Trustees. 

sideral)le Tract of Land to occupy upon; & they 
are the ^len, who generally are best able & be.-t 
enclui'd to ,i<o on, if they could; whereas they 
who li\e ill Town, turn their Thoughts mostly 
how to carry on some Trade, either as Arti- 
ficers, Shop Keepers, &c, & but few of 'em shew 
a Disposition to improve their Letts within this 
Townshii) of Savannah, whilst they find a more 
certain Profit in a ditl'erent Way: tlio' it must 
in Justice be said, that some there are, who are 
not so out of Love with their Lotts as to shew 
no Regard to 'em; but have resum'd a laudable 
Spirit of Emulation in propagating Amines, & 
Mulberry Trees ; so that in a short time (as they 
go on) we may expect to see a pretty many of 
the neighbouring five Acre Lots converted into 
Afulberrv Orchards & Vinevards; which will 


Orchards |)^)(]i of 'ciu be attended with verv little Ex- 


Vineyards, pence, com])oratively with a Phmtation to be 
form'd out of new uncultivated Land. These I 
cannot look on as bad Colony ]\ren, whilst they 
apply themselves to something that tends to 
the ]nib!i('k (lood, (piocunque modo. Mulberry 
Plants 1 am confident will have an Encrease of 
some Thousands this Season: & Vines improve 
daily; whci-eof I have here^Antli sent a Specimen. 
The Enlargement of Tenure granted by your 
Honours to those who held any Land; is now so 
extensive, tliat I hear of no more Complaint on 
that Uoad: except from such only, as will be 
satisfied v, ith nothing less than Fee Simple; for 

Fee Simple. ^^ ^.^^j^^.^. |>,,.,^^,j^ ^,^,^ -^^ ^^.^^^^, ^^ ^^H ^,j^^^ ^j^^,. 

have: cV imlt'ss all those extrava^-ant Demands 



Wm. Stephens to the Trustees. 

which are comprehended in those ever memor- 
able six Articles that we find in their Remon- 
strance are complied with; they tell us them- 
selves they cannot live in the Colony: where- 
fore their Demand of the Trust in Reality is, 
that they will enable 'em to make a good Bar- 
gain in disposing of what they have ; & then turn 
their Back Sides. 

It has been with great Grief, that I have for 
so long time past been obliged in Duty to lay be- 
fore your Honours the mad Behaviour of a 
turbulent Sett of Peoi)le among us, who for 
Reasons best knov/u to themselves (tho' pretty 
plainly understood by others) have shew'd their 
avow'd Design was, to overturn the present 
Constitution of this Colony; which has been 
earned on by them with such uncommon 
Warmth, that it has produced lamentable Dis- 
tractions in this Place; & Party Rage has 
pointed itself personally against those who have 
the Honour of bearing any Share of Authority 
under the Trust, & who will not fail to shew it, 
in Support of such Instructions as they receive 
from them. These Things have occasion 'd too 
often my falling into much J^rolixity in repre- 
senting the Practices of all, who have been con- 
tinually labouring to keep ui> Divisions among 
the People, to such a Degree, that the Spaniards 
themselves could not easily find out better 
means to accomplish their own Purposes, than 
setting us at Variance in order to destroy one 
another. What hideous Work was undertaken 
this Summer, under the Conduct of S^ Rich'': 

The mad 
of a turbu- 
lent set of 


Corx)NiAL Records 

Wm. Stephens to the Trustees. 

work under- 
taken by 
Sr. Rlchrd. 
Everard and 
Mr. Hector 
De Beau- 
falne to 
ruin the 

An attempt 
made to 
bribe first 

Everard, & M^ Hector De Beaufaine (two 
Gentlemen v.iio are no Ways concern 'd in the 
AfTairs of the Colony) in conjunction with a few 
niore of our angry Madcaps, your Honours 
have been duly inform 'd of; when all the Craft 
was made Use of, that they could exert, to ruin 
us efi'ectually, by rendering- the Civil Power use- 
less & contemptible ; offering to teach the Magis- 
trates on the Bench, such a Lesson as is no 
where to be found in the Law Books; & when 
they saw 'twas in vain to harangue them openly 
any longer, they took another Course in the 
Dark, daringly attempting to corrupt the 
first Bayliff with large Sums of Money to come 
into their Si'heme, & approve of what they in- 
tended to do, dunng the Time of the Court being 
holden, which was then sitting: but he had 
Virtue oudugh to scorn it (I wish he had also 
laid hold on the Offender Sc made a proper Ex- 
ample of him in Court) & the next Day finding 
dangerous AVork in hand, which in all Likeli- 
hood would i)romote Confusion, & embroil us 
more and more, He sent for the Grand Jury, 
who were notoriously under the Guidance of the 
Knight c^' Esquire aforesaid; & after having 
receiv'd what Presentments they had ready, by 
Authority of the Court he discharg'd them 
honestly & with a becoming Resolution. Mat- 
ters of so criminal a Nature, I should scarcely 
be perswaded to make Report of; were I not 
very well assured that it can be fully testified. 

What EfTect these Negotiations of Sir Rich^: 
Everard cV: Moris-': De Beaufaine mav have had; 

Correspondence 195 

Capt. Kent to Gen. Oglethorpe. 

is beyond my Power to imagine : but very sure 
I am, that no partial Determination can happen, 
by gi"v^ng too great Credit to one Side, without 
hearing the other. In like Manner, what has 
been since (lately) framed here; by a certain 
Person who came from England purposely to 
promote it, under the Character of an Agent, I 
must commit to the common Heap of Rubbish, 
without setting a A'alue on such Performances 
as I never would read, of one whom 'twas un- 
natural to expect it from— pudet hoec. 

Such a Multiplicity of Eiif Raff I look on, as 
I would on Sheeps Exci'ements, which are J'f"lVir?'Raff. 
numerous & much of a Size. Least that should 
be retorted on the AYriter of this, he thinks it 
Time for the present to stop here. 
Honourable Gentlemen 

Your most obedient humble Servant 

(Signed) Will: Stephens 


The Hon*"^ the Trustees. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Captain Kent's Letter to GenK Ogu-:thorpe 
31 Dec^. 1741 

May it Please your Excellency 

M'. Holmes informs me, that in the month of 
March last, Cap'. Samuel Brown, (by you^* 


I /I .H rnoi'i) 

196 Colonial Recobds 

Capt. Kent to Gen. Oglethorpe. 

Head men orders as He said) appointed the He-tct Men of 
cherokees all tliG ClieiTokees to a meetino;, To make 

appointed . ^ 

ing^cf^ci^.^^se ^'"'^^^'^' ^^ 'J'l^e white Men 's King, in the Room of 
mId'Y K^ing. ^loy-Toy Emperor deceased. It was agreed 
upon both by the Indians, and Such white Men, 
as were then present, that Skia Gunsta of 
skiaGunsta Keowee, (who was formerly down with M": 
Holmes & attended your Excellency on the 
Florida Shoar) should be the person chose; at 
the same time Cap'. Brown desired him, (as he 
said by your orders) to go to Frederica to have 
the same confiniied by you — He answered, as 
allsoe the rest of the head Men, that they could 
not leave tlie Nation at that time, neither could 
he cross the salt water as he was an old man, 
but if your Excellency wou'd please to meet him 
here, he wou'd be glad to receive such orders, 
c<c Coinmi'ssions as you wou'd be pleased to give 
him— M^: Holmes was present at the said meet- 
ing, & talk, & he does not doubt M^ Brown has 
allready informed you of the Same, although he 
says lie has receivd no Answer from your Ex- 
cellency — M"". Holmes being on some bussiness 
toward the Nation, met with the said Skia Gun- 
sta now made King, (as he says) by your Ex- 
cellency's orders, w^": more of the beloved Men, 
where l]e desired M'- Holmes to Advise me that 
He wou'd be at xVugusta in the last quarter of 
this Moon, which will be in January, & He de- . 
sired that your Excellency might be here; Or 
please to give me Orders, how, and in vrhat man- 
ner to usr him, He expects great pressents, and 
a grand re.'e])tion-- I begg your Excellencv's 

Correspondence 197 

Mr. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

particular comruauds in what manner to behave 
to him & his Gang c^ furtlier be^g your Excel- 
lency's speedy answer; in the mean time I begg 
'eave to remain with the utmost regard. 
Your Excellency's — Most Dutifnll and most 
obliged H Serv' : 

Rich-^ Kent. 

Fort Augusta 

the 31^' : December 1741 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Copy of a letter from Mr. Stephens to Mr. 
Verelst Jan^ 2^ : 17-iV, ^ Capt Harramond 
recD 2 SeptP\ 1743 

Savannah January 2'' : 1741/2 

Since my last of the 29'*' Oef:, 2"^ Nov"": &c, 
which M"" Hopton wrote me went %9 the Two 
Brothers Cap": Beach (one of the first bound 
for England this Season) ; I have reed yours 
of the 22'' July & 2^^ Aug' (both on the 4^'' NoV 
as %^ Journal of that Day). On the Arrival of 
Cap" Lemon in the Loyal Judith on the 2"^ Dec':, 
I reed your next of the 17'". Sep^ & 20*^ Ditto; 
Next follow 'd three more from you, all of the 
o^ Oct':, which were deld me 7f> Cap" Wadham 
in the Europa, on the 4'^ Dec':. On the 19'^ 
Dee' Yours of the 20''' Aug': bein<r Cover to a 


CoLONL\L Rp:cords 

Mr. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

Coppy of yonr Letter of the 7"^ Aiig^: was de- 
liver'd me; vrliich AP Hopton wrote me came ^ 
Cap" Swaiiie in the Charming Betty then newly 
arrived, after so many Months on her Passage. 
And some time then about, Antonio Sallice 
brought me yours of the 25'^ October. 

'Twas in my Intention to close My Packett 
^nth Answers to all these: but indeed after so 
much Time «S: Pains bestow 'd on what I have 
now sent, I am unable to attempt it immediately, 
so as to do it with Satisfaction to the Trust or 
myself; but I hope in a few Days more, I shall 
leave nothing untouch 'd which requires my tak- 
ing Notice of, & that 'twill ^come to your Hands 
very soon. In the mean while some Things may 
possibly be met with in my Journal, that are not 
wholly unworthy the Consideration of the 
Hon^'" : Trustees ; &- 1 must entreat their Pardon, 
if at })resent. I single out only two or three 
Articles, which T have at Heart preferable to 
most others. 

In relation 
to thp 
silk manu- 

Mrs. Ca- 
muse dis- 

And first of all in Eelatiou to the Silk Manu- 
facture— Whereof frequent Mention will be 
found in my Journal. I humbly conceive 'twill 
be of the utmost (^onsequence for the Securit>' 
and etTectual carrying on of so valuable a 
Branch of the Product of this Colony; that their 
ironours take it into Consideration, & come to 
some Resolution as soon as conveniently may be 
therein. From the many Instances I have found 
from Time to Time, for a good while past, of 
M". Camuses Behaviour (as they have been 


Mr. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

partly noted by me) it has been too apparent, 
that she is to be satisfied with nothing we can 
do for her here ; & now I think she has made it 
fully evident, by those Proposals lately deld in 
by her Husband to the President and Assis- 
tants, which are herewith enclosed, & were made 
in pursuance of the Trust's Order in their 
Letter of the 16^ Sep': last. If Circumstances 
without Matter of Fact proved, were sufficient 
to convict; there would be little Doubt of Guilt 
being imputed to some of our mischievous Parri- 
cides, who among their many other good Deeds 

Mrs. Ca- 

have taught this Woman to set a Value on her- ?2.''llt't"^^^ 
self, sine Qua non : in the same manner as I hlrslif.*^" 
foiTnerly noted a certain Servant, upon getting 
into an Indian Saddle was perswaded to think 
himself a great Man; & unless he was humour 'd 
lo the Philistines would be upon us; surely such 
Advisers have given up the Interest of Britain, 
in Exchange for tlie Spanish; «fc maj' be look'd 
on as the worst Enemies of the Two. I observe 
what Directions the Trust are pleasd to send me 
relating to the future carrying on that Manu- 
facture, & read it with Pleasure, being exactly 
agreeable to my Way of thinking: whereof I 
shall write you fully in my next, with the Rea- 
son why we did what was done: & in Time com- 
ing it shall be otlienvise. In the mean while I 
hope the Chest of Silk came safe which I sent, 
& with it a small Packett enclosing the Key, to- 
gether with an attested Acco' : of what was put 
into that Chest, dated the ]0'^ Sep-": last. 

200 Colonial Records 

Mr. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

The next Thing I must take Notice of just 
senTIhe" iiow, IS relatiiii^ to the Aeco'': herewith sent, 

Trustees. i • i 

which are carried on for one Year ending at 
Mich'.mas la.^t, in the same Manner as those sent 
for the Year preceding: but for the Current 
Year commencing at Mich'.mas last, they are to 
be made up Monthly in the manner the Trust 
direct, so f arr as I can enforce it ; & I make little 
Doubt but I shall, tho' I could not prevail for the 
two first Months Oct' & Xov'' to get it comply 'd 
with so i)unctually as I would: but the last for 
the Month of Dee':. I think has been exactly 
confoi-mable to the Orders reed, which I will 
stick to. Those three last Months I hope to 
obtain Pardon for ^\athholding 'till my next; 
which I will hasten after this ; when I shall write 
largely of these Matters; & tell my Thoughts 
freely eoTicerning divers Incidents that have 
fallen within iny Observation; c^- given me some 
Uneasiness. 'Till then I must wish you to 
respite your Judgment a little; which probably 
may ije better formed, after what you'll read 

Eveiy Thing relating to the two Ships, 
Passen,2:er t^- Cargoe, I have been so particular 
in thro' my Journal, that I can easily perswade 
my self I shall find pardon, 'till I answer your 
Letters paragraphically. But the sense I am 
under, of the Confidence the Hon*"* TiTistees re- 
pose in me. »Jc their generous Benevolence of 
Salary, to-ctlier with such a Conjunction of 
Assistants to support me, in a due Execution of 
their Order> as they have been pleas 'd to ap- 

Correspondence 201 

Wm. Stephens to Harman Verelst. 

point; ought, now, & always to shew itself; (as 
by the Help of God it shall) in something more 
worth, than bare Thank Ye. With the usual 
Complement of wishing a happy New Year to 
all Friends, allow me at present to conclude. 

Your very humble Servant 
Signed. Will Stephens. 

To M"" Harman Verelst 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Lettkf. from Wm. Stephens to Harman 
Vkrelst Esq^. 4 February 1741 Eecd 25, 
May 1742. 

Savannah 4 Fely-^' 1741/2- 


Having in my last of the 2'' of Jan^" : (which 
went ^ Cap*: Harramond) enumerated the 
several Letters I had reed from you, & which I 
had not yet specifically answer'd; I now pro- 
ceed to take them in order of Date under due 
Consideration, as they'll stand in the Margin. 

22"^ July: Unless some unhappy Accident 
interposed; I hope the Arrival of the Chest of 
Silk, which went Y* the 2 Brothers Cap^: Beach; siik/^^'ii ^'^^ 
will be deem'd a full Answer to the honourable 
Trustees Commands in this Letter relating to 
the Silk Manufacture so far: & what farther 



Colonial Records 

Win. Stephens to Harman Verelst. 

CoL Steph- 
ens' pons 
towards the 

Col. Steph- 
ens plant- 
ing a vine- 
yard at 

The prohi- 
bition of 
silk balls 

Directions they were then pleas 'd to send relat- 
ing thereto; shall punctually be ohsei*\''d. — If 
I err'd, in shewing a fond Disposition to believe 
those Vines that were sent last year, were of 
my Sons procuring; from what he had before 
wrote me ; I hope 'tis pardonable : but you 
open'd my PJyes, & shew'd me my Mistake; so 
tliat I am utterly at a Loss (& have been too 
lon.i;-) to impute any good Action to him regard- 
ing the good of this Colony; as my writing, for 
a gi'cat while past, has shewn. — The Xoble Lord 
who was so good to send us this Aid, I hope will 
excuse my taking so many to my own Share as 
I did (400) imagining them to be my own Pro- 
perty; v^' the rest I disposed of, to those who 
I knew were fondest of putting 'em to a right 
Use, Tho' 'twas so late in the Year as the 7"' 
May when I ]>lanted 'em, 300 of the 400 took 
Hoot; .S: I am now transplanting them, with 
several Hundreds more to Bewlie, where I am 
forming a Vineyard. 

7"" Aug*. Wimt the Trustees are pleas 'd to 
direct, relating to a Prohdbition of Silk Balls 
from Carolina, is certainly very just, & ought 
by no means to be allow'd of. 'Twas always my 
own Opinion; nor could I have dared to do it, 
had not express Orders been given therein. This 
Letter came not to my Hands, till the 4'*^ of 
Nov': as V* Journal of that Day: I communi- 
cated it immediately to W Jones, letting him 
know wliat a wrong Course had hitherto been 
taken in our Acco^^: & that the Trust (I fear'd) 
were otlondcd at it : but the whole Years Acco* : 

.t)if;r.'(ii / i 

Correspondence 203 

Wm. Stephens to Hamian Verelst. 

\n account 
between Mr. 

of Expences, being then preparing, to Micli'.- 
mas; he said he knew not well how to rectify 
what was past in the manner prescribed ; & for 
the future it should be observ'd. I was not 
insensible how great Confidence the Hon^'*': 
Trust had placed in me; (5c must therefore be 
well aware, of being call'd on to shew how the 
Receipts & Issues of their Sola Bills agreed. 
There has always been an Acco* : carried on be- 
twixt the General & M"" Jones, who receiv'd 
Bills of Exchange often from his Excellence, ( 
wh^ch he easily turn'd into Cash: & by that S'olTe- 
means being entrusted to make divers Payments 
to the Gandsons, Rangers, Scout & Guard 
Boats, &c; it grew to be so blended & entangled, 
that 'twas beyond my Capacity to get a clear 
Understanding in what manner to seperate one 
from t'other, thro' a Multitude of broken Pay- 
ments; nor did I know what Sums he charg'd 
himself with, that he had so receiv'd. The 
A ceo' : of Expences I took Care to look into care- 
fully as sent to the Trust, that they were v\'ell 
vouched as far as |:>ossible : & for my own Sec- 
uritv, I never deliver 'd out anv Sola Bills to Mr. Parker 

helping with 

him, but what he gave me his Receipt, & made 'jJ-^Siunts. 
himself accountable for. ^P. Parker, who was 
joyn'd with us in the Inspection of those Acco"'; 
by reason of a Difference there was betwixt him 
& W Jones, seldome or never gave himself any 
Trouble about it; but (as I soon after learnt) 
made a Complaint to the Trust, protesting 
against the Proceedings in acting without his 
Privity: wherein tho' he does not point directly 

204 CbLONiAL Records 

Wm. Stephens to Ilarman Verelst. 

at me, yet I apprehend it nnist in some iMeasure 
alTect me: wliifli puts me under a Xecessity (in 
my own Vindication) of asserting- it in the most 
solemn Manner; that what ever Reason he 
might otherwise have for absenting himself 
from so necessary a part of his Duty; he was so 
far from being discountenanc'd by me, tliat I 
often & often sollicited him with my most earn- 
est Entreaties to take his part in it, & give his 
Assistance; knowing my self in no wise equal to 
l"ua? tV"" ^^' •^«"f's in carrying on such a weighty Affair : 
ij/'cf-^rryin? nevcrtltcless he was not prevail'd on, till some 

on weighty 

affairs. tmic alter the openmg that Commission, con- 

stituting a President & Assistants to act in so 
extensive a ^Maimer: since which, his Hand will 
be found equally with others, in signing what 
Acco'": have been sent to the Trust & endors- 
ing Sola P.ills for the current Service, &e : for 
which puri)ost' none have since been given out 
by me, but in such Sums, Sz at such times as 
liave bci-n judg'd needfull ; as will appear by the 
Minutes taken at our several Meetings: whereas 
before, I ha<l no other Rule to guide me, than 
M' Jones's Demand, whenever he represented 
tho r^oH in general 'twas design 'd for: .v then 
(as before said) I took his Receipt for what he 
had, as the only Security I could come at; & 
took care fre(iuently to look into the Expences; 
wliich I hof.e will be found just : but tho' I often 
press 'd M^ Jones for a Year & more past, to 
make out the Dobet Side of the Acco':, yet he 

Mr Jones', dcferr'd it; alledging the Impracticability of it. 
'till he h:id adjusted with the General ; where he 

The debit 
side of 
accts. nc- 

Elected by ,|eferr M i t : al led 



"Wm. Stephens to Haiman Verelst. 

had spent 4 Months about a Year since; & done 
little or nothing- in it ; & now went hence the 
Beginning of Jan^': on the same Occasion; being 
required so to do by the General. At his going a paper 
hence he left a Pa})er for me, the Substance of Stephens 

^ by Gen. 

which follows, sig-nifying "That the General <'j.'i«thorpe. 
''having order 'd several Payments to be made 
" until] Mieh'.mas last, some of which Expences 
*'(he says) must bo defray 'd by the Trust; He 
'' (M"". Jones) was 4 Months the last Year with 
''his Excellence, but could not obtain the Sett- 
"ling of that, or any other Acco': but that now 
"the General promises to finish the same assoon 
"as he (Jones) goes to Frederica, whither he 
"is gone for that purpose, «& was oblig'd, to 
"take Avith him all the Receipts & Vouchers for 
"Payments untill the End of Nov": which has 
"been the only Ecason that he could not send 
"the Cash A ceo': Vouchers to that time: but 
"from thence forward he should take particular 
"Care to have a monthly Acco': in the manner 
"of that now sent for the Month of Dec^:." 
Which Monthly xVcco'. I saw perfected to my 
own liking after much adoe, & have follow 'd the 
same Method for Jan^:, intending not to vary 
from it hereafter without Directions that may 
require it. From hence I am willing to hope, 
that upon M". Jones's Return to us, we shall see 
that effectually done, which he has promised; & 
which the Want of, has given me no small Un- 
easiness: tho' I never yet discover'd any Marks 
of Fraud. When the next ^Monthly A ceo'": for 
FeV: & March are made out, & sent as intended 

A change 
in the 
manner of 

No murks 
of fraud 
found in 
Mr. Jone.»^" 


Colonial Records 

Wm. Stephens to Harman Verelst. 

in regard 
to Mr. Wm. 

Mr. Finley 
of pood u.«e 
to the 
Colony, ap- 

The safe 
arrival of 
a box con- 
lOOO £ in 
sola bills. 

(according to Order) I hope 'twill come duly to 
answer tlie determinate time of the Trusts an- 
nual Acco' : ou tlie 9"" of June. 

20'^ Aug' : This Letter enclosing only Coppy 
of your last; & some Directions relating to M"": 
Will"' : Atchison Finlay : I have nothing farther 
to say to, than that I receiv'd it not 'till the 19'^ 
Dec': r* Cap': Swaine; that M" Finlay is a Man 
well look'd on by us; & being some Years con- 
versant in the Indian Nations, has been fre- 
quently of good Use to the Publick: from which 
Conhdence in him, he was appointed Constable, 
to assist in preserving the Peace in those parts, 
&c : & coming usually down, at the time when the 
Traders generally do, to renew their Licences; 
we got an Acco' : of various Things fit to be en- 
quired into : c^ at his Request last Summer, he 
had a I'ermit granted him to be a Trader among 
the Rest; which will expire in a few Months; 
when (if he desires it) he may have a proper 
Licence; tK: I shall not be baclru'ard to give him 
due Encouragement in what lies in my Way. 

17'" ^Q\V. This Letter coming by CapS Lemon 
in the Loyal Judith & consisting of various Or- 
ders & I'Jirections : I have in my Journal from 
the Time of that Ships arrival, & during its 
Stay here, took Notice of great. part of it : but to 
leave none unobserv'd, I am now to revise it. 
The Box containing £1000 in Sola Bills, said to 
be sent V^ Capt : Wright came safe to my Hands 
on the 4^^ of 8ep^ with Letters dated in April 
the Ship not arriving till the latter End of Aug^; 



Wm. Stephens to Hamnan Verelst. 

as '^ Journal. By this Ship (Loyal Judith) 1 
ref'd a Box containing foOOO more, agreeable to 
tlie Advice you sent me. The great Caution giv- 
en me in the same Letter, relating to issuing 
Bills; is such, as I'll take the best Care I am 
able not to deviate from. IL^ving wrote pretty 
full}^ above relating to this in Answer to yours 
of the 7'^' of Aug':, I conceive more cannot well 
be said of it at present; but it rests upon me to 
see those Regulations strickly observed as far as 
in me lies for the future. The PajTuent of Pro- 
visions instead of Money, to People of any Sort, 
whether Servants or others, has been left off, 
pursuant to Order, for several Months past: 
wliat Profit M"" Jones might make of it, I am an 
utter Stranger to, if he did; I must say of my- 
self, that I scorn such Gain: at the same time 
I know it to be true, that none of our People are 
more disappointed than those very Men that 
were most clamorous against it; having jiretty 
well felt the Smart of paying above 20 ^ Cent 
more, since those Orders were put into Execu- 
tion, than they then paid; by means of 2 or 3 
private Stores who exact what they please: & 
sometimes (as novr particularly) they have not 
Stock wherewith to furnish us with common 
Necessaries: which, have lately taken Notice of 
in my other Writings: for our trading Sloops 
from New York & elsewhere, now take another 
Course, & will not come for a ^farkett, where 
they must huckster out their Cargoes by piece 
meal, among those who are unable to buy those 
Commodities in Gross: whilst by the latest 

The pay. 
ment of 
instead of 
left off. 

sloops from 
New York 
and else- 


Colon i.u. Records 

Wm. Stephens to Harman Verelst. 

from the 
King to 
Gov. Glen 
in regard 
to trading 
ylth the 

Advices rccd from Frederica, we are inform 'd, 
that good Xiimbers of sucli Traders are now at 
S' Simons; wliere for that reason all Sorts of 
Provisions are bong-ht at a very reasonable 
Price: which, 1 am very glad to hear; tho we 
suffer fo]' it at Savannah. 

What the Trustees are pleas 'd to direct re- 
lating to Governour Glen, who has the Kings 
Instructions with him, for settling the Trade 
with tho Indians on such a footing as may be 
for the future Benefit of each Province : Coppies 
of which Instructions, as sent to the Trustees & 
the late Governour Horsey (the present Gover- 
nours being to the same jDurpose) I have: to- 
gether with which, I have also reed a Plan to 
bring about that desired Effect. All due Regard 
shall 1)0 paid to it, when that Governour arrives : 
& he having })romis'd likewise the Trustees to 
send me the Draught of the Act that he shall 
reconnnend to the Council & Assembly, pursu- 
ant to Ills Instructions, before it is pass'd, that 
if any Objections are to be made to it here, the 
same may be staled to him, whereof a Coppy of 
what shall occur to our Thoughts is to be sent, 
for tlie Perusal of the Ilon^'^ Trustees: And 
moreover the Governour having engaged not to 
})ass such Act before the Trustees have con- 
sider M it ; in order to their preparing an Act for 
the Kings Approbation in England, that the 
Acts may l)e alike in each Province: Coppy of 
the Draught of such Act I am likewise to send 
to General Oglethorpe with our Observations 
thereon, that he may acquaint the Ti-ustees with 

Correspondence 209 

Wm. Stephens to Harman Verelst. 

his Thoughts of it. All these Orders shall be a 
Rule for me to proceed by, when due time re- 

The Honour that the Trustees are pleas 'd to 

, . ... .-^ . . ,, Col. Eteph- 

do me, m appointing me Commissioner, equally ens ap- 
with the General, for licensing the Traders ^"^e"r'%uai 
with the Indians, & regulating that Trade; cen^erL'i^or 
ought to be highly esteem 'd: & I wish my best tho"traders. 
Endeavours (which shall not be wanting) may 
prove of good Service to the Colony. I am not 
vain enough to think, that whilst in many things 
I may save his Excellence the Trouble of em- 
ploying his Time & Thought about common & 
ordinary Proceedings; yet I can easily foresee 
that some may be found of greater Moment 
than I dare to determine, without entreating his 
Advice; espcially if any Matters occur, wherein 
the Interests of those Indian Nations (who are 
very jealous) seem to clash. Concerning a Sec- 
retary to be employ 'd by me in officiating there- 
in, whom at my Request, the Trustees will ap- 
point for that purpose; I beg leave to respite 
that, till my next; when I shall hope some 
thoughts I have yet in Embryo will ripen to a 
Proposition, which I may huin)>ly offer to their 
Honours Consideration. 

The Saltzburghers have all found their Lots 
provided where 'twas ajipointed, & are settles! hurghti^'^ 
to their liking under M"" Bolzius, M' Vigera re- and doing 
solving to stay with them; but the Swiss & Ger- 
mans, whom in my Journal you'll find such a !f^j ^'*'''* 
lamentable Acco^• of: could not well joyn 'em, ^"'''^^^- 


Colonial Records 

Wm. Stephens to Harman Verelst. 

Mr. Dolzi 
new pi. til 
tho town 
and of 


Euro pa, 
with cargo 

because of the Straitness of Eooni betwixt Eb- 
enezer out Settlements & Abercorn; neither did 
either of them desire such a Neighbourhood (as 
is also set forth in my Journal) but most of 
those few that escaped Death, have been, at 
their own Request, settled adjo}^ling to some 
other Oennan Families, ^Midway S. E. from 
Hampstead to the Confines of Vernon River; 
wliere tliey'll make a little Town alltogether. 
Those 3 or 4 Families yet remaining; whether 
thro' Weiikness «fc Incapacity yet to labour I 
know not; dont shew much Inclination to be 
doing any thing in that Way : but tho Season for 
clearing of Land being now near over; probably 
they may chuse to take Service for a while & 
get their Living so. The Boundaries, with a 
Plan of those new Settlements, which I have 
()i-der*d to b(^ made out shall be sent you: c^- yV 
r.olzius is designing an entire Plan of the Town 
Sz Township of Ebenezer, as well for the Use of 
the Trustoes as his Friends in Germany. The 
Highlanders for Darien, & Recruits for the Gen- 
eral, came in good Health, &: went hence in the 
like: so thai tlio Europa, with her Cargoe of 
Swiss k Germans, was only unsuccessfull : which 
I was griev'd to see; & too sensible of the gToat 
Loss the Trust sustain 'd thereby. Herewith I 
send a List of tho Remains of those poor People 
surviving; among whom, very few (if any) 
miss'd a Taste of that raging Sickness, wherein 
so many of tlieir Comrades dyed. ^less" Terry 
& Vigera have each been paid what was order 'd 
them. — • 

Correspondence 211 

Wm. Stephens to Harman Verelst. 

M"" Orton from the Time of his Arrival, has 
behav'd nnexce{)tionably well to all; & done the vlTy*^"^"^" 
Duties of his Office with great Decorum c^' Dili- 
gence: but were he an Angel from Heaven; the 
Distractions abont Religion, -which our Method- abouT*^^'°"^ 


ists have been so zealonslv fomenting, would jealously 

"' fomented 

stirr 'em up to oppose liim ; unless his Doctrine Sfsts.^*^'^*^" 
squared with those Enthusiastick & uncharit- 
able Notions, which they have imbibed. He may 
be assured of all the Assistance & Protection I 
can procure to support him tlirough out; one 
Instance of it will be found in my Journal, to- 
wards the latter End of January: when I was 
glad to see such a ready Disposition (setting all 
other Differences aside) among most People, to 
shew their Abhorrence of such vile treatment, 
as he had met with from those Christians : (A 
Name whicli they affect to be called by, but 
allow it to none but themselves, as being most 
assuredly in the Xumber of the Elect.) — 

jVP Bosomworths Behaviour answers very 
well the Character you gave him; & he shall i?o'rt?^lqu"i 
have no Cause of complaining that I am back- mendau^n 

1 • 1 • 1 • 1 n-i T ^- given him 

ward m snewmg hnn due iiegard. Give me ^y Trustees. 
leave to respite wliat I would say more on this 
Occasion, 'till my next; when (as I have said in 
a Paragraph just before) I purpose to w^rite a 
few Thoughts of mine, not foreign to this Mat- 

The Box of Stationary Ware, iill'd with 
great Plentv, was very reasonable, & thankfully stiitioner>- 

receiv'd : The Parcell in that Chest for M' Evre 


{ yii...,.,, ,.,,..,n '1/ 


Colonial Kecords 

Wm. Stephens to Harman Verelst. 

a ser\ant 
to Col. 


Mrs. Ca- 


I took Care to send him safe: & the Letter in it, 
with the Key of another Chest directed to me, 
proved to hi^ for one Nich": Rigbye a late Ser- 
vant of miue ; who had it safe ; & of whom I shall 
on another Occasion probably make farther 
mention. — 

The several additional Allowances made 
to*the"prLi. payable to the President & xVssistants, shall be 
assistants, duly obscrv'd; as will also what relates to M'. 

M'^ Camuses Ace': being already stated & 
sent ; I apprehend needs nothing more to be said 
of it here, than that the President & Assistants 
whom twas referr'd to, to examine the same; 
tho they thought the Ballance of £29 .. 6 .. 0, 
which she claimed, appear 'd pretty extraordi- 
nary; yet for divers Reasons, that need not be 
named; tS: to allay her Clamour as far as pos- 
sible (which was very outragioiis at that time) 
they thought it advisable to pay it; which I did 
accordingly ; giving my self Credit for it out of 
an hundred Pounds wliieh I had by me, as Im- 
prest ]\[ouey ^ Order. When the proper Sea- 
son comes I'll take Care that such an Experi- 
ment be made in weighing the Silk Balls, as the 
Trust directs, & what else may occur to my 
Thoughts: (as indeed is highly necessary.) 

Will'" Ewens Acco': (referr'd likewise to that 
Board) the several times taken into Considera- 
tion, yet 'twas found to be contrived so labor- 
iously intricate, that they are under a Necessity 
of a little Delay, 'till some Things are farther 
clear 'd up to their Satisfaction. 


Wm. Stephens to Harman Verelat. 

20'^: Sep"": I canuot look into this Letter at 
any time, without great Concern, when I refiect 
on the Impossibility sve were under of seeing 
those Orders fulfill 'd which were expected to be 
so in 4 Days from the Delivery of the said 
Letter, <fc which was put into my Hands the 
same Evening, by Cap': Lemon himself, after 
his anchoring at Cockspur: Unluckily then we deep^"^ '^'^^ 
had Neip Tides; & our Pilot, who knows the shiS^°to 
Depth of Water perfectly well, durst not ven- toTown. 
ture yet in some Days coming, to bring the Ship 
up : wherefore notliing better could be done than 
what we did, in beginning to unload her where 
she was ; that seeing it impossible to prevent De- 
morage ; we might save what we could in short- 
ening that Expence; which never theless must 
come on too fast; bv our Want of Boats ; having 

JO incon- 

one Petty agua only, that we could provide or caufed^by 
come at; <S: a small Boat or two that we hired, Ks."' 
insomuch that notwithstanding our utmost Toil, 
in not missing a Tide Day or Night when loaden, 
in return from the Ship, the Monthly Acco': in 
Dec': will too soon shew what the Expence was. 
I would beg leave therefore to offer a few 
thouglits of mine on this Head: from whence I 
think we may with Confidence expect the same 
Grievance not likely to arise again: & first it 
is to be wish'd that the blaster of any Ship so 
charter'd, would be engaged to begin reckoning 
the Time of his unloading not from the time of 
delivering his Letters, advising his Arrival; but 
from the time of his coming to an Anchor at 
Savannah Town; or if that cannot be effected, 


Colonial Eecords 

Wm. Stephens to Hannan Verelst. 

Mr. Avery 
a better 
channel up 
the Savan- 
nah River 
to the 

An account 
of pro- 
taken bv 
Mr. Terry. 

that then instead of 4 Days, it should be twice 
4 allow'd to unload him at Tyhee, before Demor- 
age sliould eoninience : but what is of yet greator 
Moment; I have the Satisfaction to acquaint 
you, tliat during the time of M'" Averys being on 
his Survey lately; in sounding- carefully the 
several Streams of Savannah Eiver, he dis- 
cover 'd a new & much better Channel up to the 
Town from the Mouth of it, than has been 
known yet: whereupon taking our Pilot by my 
Order along with him, they both agreed that any 
Ship which drew 18 foot water might come up 
witli great Ease, «^c no Hazard: and the Pilot 
tells me that for the future he shall use no other 
Cliannel for any Ship of great Burthen. 

After both Ships were unloaden (whereon 
Cap'. AVadham in Course must also be taken 
Xi.tico of by »!c by) e^' :^[r. Terry liad taken an 
Acco^: of Provisions so far. for the Behoof of 
^P. Simpson, as he thought needfull; for as 
much as the Xew-come Saltzburghoi-s, German 
Swiss. S:c, would undoubtedly stand in Need of 
Provisions for their :\[oney, after their being 
paid what wa.. ordered 'em; & our Publick 
Stores being empty: it was thought advisable, 
tliat M^ Terry, who was soon going for Fred- 
erica, sliould leave the Remains of those Pro- 
visions hei-e for those Uses, whereof a full & 
particular A ceo', was taken, as well in Quantity 
as Value, of each Species; for which I gave my 
Reoeipt, k lodged 'em in the Stores; from 
whence those People for whose Sakes they were 
laid up, have since in a great :\reasure been sup- 

Correspondence 215 

Wm. Stephens to Harman Verelst. 

ply'd; & a strict Acco': is kept of the Same; 
whereby no Detriment can accrue to ]\P Simp- 
son ; 1 ha\ing made my self answerable to him 
for it, & none is parted with but for ready 
Money: & assoon as 'tis expended, he will have 
the Amount of the whole Value return 'd him in 
Sola Bills: which I hope will be to his Satisfac- 
tion, & to the Displeasure of no Body: the In- 
tent of those Directions sent, being vertually, 
tho not literally obsei-v'd. 

Ditto. Your other Letter of this Date from 
Gravesend, I conceive requires nothing particu- 
larly to be said to it, the Substance being im- 
merged already; & I hope the several PajTnents 
made, will be found agreeable to the Scheme I 

3^ Oct^ In Answer to this Letter brought 
me ^ Cap': Wadham; I presume what is said in 
Relation to Cap' Lemon may suffice here con- 
cerning the Time of this Ships being clear 'd, & 
the unavoidable Demorage that we were subject 
to: which Expence, & the great Loss to the 
Trusts occasion 'd by such a terrible Mortality; 
has been matter of much Grief to me; but who 
shall withstand the Dispensation of Providence? 
The Method taken in Behalf of M"". Simpson (as 
before mention 'd) I hope will be approved of; 
more especially since in this Letter I find Orders 
that in Case M^ Terry should be gone to Fred- 
erica, I should take Care of those Provisions, & 
see them disposed of: in pursuance of which M^ 
Simpson shall not fail of a full Acco*: of all 

Loss to the 
Trust oc. 
casioned by 
sucli a 


Colonial Records 

Wm. Stephens to Harman Verelsi 

Mr. Louch 
made short 
stay and 
went South. 

The poor 
p«:-ot>le who 
came ovei- 
with C.ipt. 

A dlsa^ee- 
able story. 

that remain 'd with me as deliver 'd me by M\ 
Terry; t<c Sohi Bills shall be return'd in the man- 
ner you direct: :\L^ Loiich made very little Stay 
here after his Arrival, but made the best of his 
AVay to the South: & M^ Terry having ample 
Powers from M' Simpson Jo take Care of the 
Eemains of Provisions in both Ships: by Virtue 
of that, I received what M"" Teriy deliver 'd to my 
Cliargo, when he left us ; & the Receipt I gave 
M^ Terry will shew what that was; which with- 
out Doubt he has sent to M^ Simpson, whereof I 
now send also a Coppy ; & hope in a little time to 
write him to his Satisfaction, so far as T am 
concern 'd ; which will be equally to mine. AThat 
remains farther of tliis Letter from you, to be 
taken notice of by me, is wholly relating to those 
poor unfortunate People who came with Cap^ 
Wa-Uuini; of whom I have wrote so much al- 
ready in my late Journals ending with Dec^; 
that 'twould be of little Sig-nificance to dwell 
upon the same thing again : The Sums of Money 
paid them, was done in the Method directed as- 
soon as they call VI for it ; but many of 'em dying 
before they could receive it, the xVmount of the 
whole Payment as you'll find it in the Monthly 
Acco' for ])ecS falls short of the Computation 
first made when they sail'd: as good Care as 
possible was taken to see those Payments duly 
youched. Herewith I send a Paper describing 
in the best manner I could think of, the present 
State of those People that are left, where they 
are, what they are doing; & how many of 'em 
That sickn.-ss carri'd off: But this is so dis- 


Wm. Stephens to Hannan Verelst. 

agreeable a Story, that I am glad to be at the 
End of it. — 

With this Letter that I have been now answer- 
ing, I had 2 more from you of the same Date 
(viz*) 3^ Ocf: which I conceive require little to 
be said to 'em: one of them informing me of 
the Receipt of the Packett I committed to the 
Care of Cap' Thomson; &q. which I was very 
glad to hear, & was a welcome Paragraph. The 
other i^art of your said Letter, is chiefly relat- 

, ' Ci ' c n • -^1 Directions 

mg to the poor bwiss & Germans again, with in regard 

^ ^ *= ' to the 

divers Directions about them all which I hope Ig^ans!^ 
have met with due Observance. M' Louch I liave 
already taken Notice of, & how little we know of 
him, by Eeason of the Haste he was in, to get to 
Frederica. The last of those 3 Letters, was only 
to cover 2 enclos'd, after your Packett was 
seaPd (as you wrote) which I took proper Care 

5**' Oct': Antonio Sallis delivered me your 
Letter of this Date, with his Xote enclosed: saiiis and 

' family 

promising the Payment of £ 13 .. 2 .. in the ^ff.'jf'^^ 
manner proposed : But he & his Family having 
been afflicted witli. Sickness almost ever since 
their Arrival, he has been hitherto a Charge up- 
on the Trust instead of a Benefit : tis to be hoped 
in good time he will be doing something to the 
purpose he came for, & work out the Debt. — 

Ditto 5 Oct^ One more of the same Date (5 
Oct'.) I receiv'd from ^P. Simpson, whom hav- 
ing already mention 'd, he'll be so good to ex- 
cuse me for not troubling him with a Letter for 

21S Colonial Records 

Wm. Stephens to Harman Verelst. 

An attack 
little ex. 

Forms Sake only: <S: I liopc in good time to write 
him, what he ought to expect, that those EtTects 
of his committed to my Care, are converted into 
Sohi Bills, & sent him. 

Having thus far (I liope) wrote full Answers 
to all past Letters; I should in the next Place 
add a few Thoughts of my own, on various Oc- 
casions : ])ut finding I have already run this to 
an uncommon Leng-th, I chuse to defer that 'till 
my next, which I intend shall follow very soon. 
But ^V Mathews having lately attack 'd me in a 
oTcoi."" manner that I little expected, in a Letter, as 

Stephens by x 7 

Jhews!'"' Notice is taken in my Journal of the 23- Jan- : 
I must heg leave to add a few Words on that 

Upon his downright Assertion in his said 
Letter, of great Injury by me done him in rep- 
resenting Falshoods concerning him to the 
Trust : T have taken some Pains to find out what 
1 have said of him: but whether I have over- 
look'd it or not; in all my Search I can't find 
such Things said as he alledges; tho I have had 
Occasion too often to make use of his Xame (not 
otherwise than ho deserv'd) among others of the 
same Stamp. Hereupon T sent him word, by one 
of Ids Intimates, that if he was inform 'd by the 
Pers(Ui who told him this of me; about what 
time, or on what Occasion, I had so represented 
him: that 1 might find it (as I keep Coppies of 
all) J wouM readily meet him any where; & if I 
had said more than T could justify, I would ask 
Pardon: for T thought 'twas equally consis- 



Wni. Stephens to Harman Verelst. 

tent with Honour & Justice to acknowledge an 
Errour, as to maintain Truth; but this j\lessage 
he has t<aken no Notice of : wherefore it is pretty 
plain, that he ]mrposes to exhibit some Com- 
plaint to the Trustees: wherein I must expect 
the Product of an inveterate Hatred against me, 
^v-tiich is most notoriously apparent; & the many 
abuses, with Billingsgate Language, that he has 
for years past been casting at me, among his 
dissolute Companions, evidently shew the Bit- 
terness of his Temper, To make as short of it 
as I can— This Man is so blown up with Pride, 
at his being ^Master of such a large Tract of 
Land, close adjoyniug to the Town, w^hich was 
at the first Settling of the Colony, left to the 
Possession of the Indians (& by what means 
'twas made over to this Mans Wife & him by 
Tomo Chichi is vrell known) ; that together with 
the 500 Acres & a Cowpen, which he also holds 
a little way up the River; he looks on himself as 
unquestionably the greatest ^lan in this Coun- 
try; &- so he is most certainly far above all in 
Extent of Land ; which he may vainly imagine 
gives him an equal Eight to rule like an Indian 
Mico; & to submit to no Power in the Civil 
Oeconomy, that ho has an rncliuation to dispute 
— But enough of that — To the Point in hand: 
if I have said any thing in Diminution of his 
planting; I conceive it ought to be understood at 
the time when the Scotch Club broke up; when 
he, and Williams, with others who had Planta- 
tions on the River, laid asside all Thoughts of 
planting (as the World knows) c^ that notable 

Mr. Ma- 
master of 
large tract 
of land 
left to 
him and 
wife by 

Mr. Ma- 
thews, Mr. 
with others 


Colonial Records 

Wm. Stephens to Ilarman Verelst 

Mr. Ma- 
building a 
large house 
at the 

Remonstrance was cook'd up the same Year in 
Nov"": 1740, subscrib'd by 60 Persons, whose 
Names T made a few Remarks on, which I sent 
lately to the Trust; & there I find this Mans 
Name witli the Figure of Nought at the End of 
it; which possibly may admit of a little Amend- 
ent; & I am content it may be alter 'd to this 0, 
which in that Paper is understood to signify a 
little more than t'other but I can by no means 
yield to give the Title of a Planter to a ^fan. 
who once could shew 30 or more Acres well cul- 
tivated; & after that, so far neglected, if not 
wholly droi)t; that the very last Season, what 
little was {)lanted on very few Acres, was so 
disregarded, as to be thought not worth gather- 
ing; neither did he (I am well assured) lay a 
Grain of it into his Grainery. It remains never- 
theless with me to do him Justice, in saying that 
this Year he seems to be making Preparation 
for putting Variety of Seed into the Ground 
(whether thro' Picque or not at me, for what he 
accuses me, I know not ; but shall be glad to see 
him, in that Case, upon his Mettle) & 'tis also 
due to him to take notice, that he has this Year 
been building a large House at the Co^T^en, that 
tis said will cost him several Hundreds of 
Pounds: which together with his other Expen- 
coii. he's welcome to send to the Trust if he 
pleases, as he says in his Letter; which I here- 
with send the Original of. 

I hoj>e S"" you'll not be offended that I make 
use of another hand- than mv own, on this oc- 


Mr. Bolzlus to Mr. Verelst. 

casioii; which helps to relieve an Old Man some- 
times, who professes himself 

Your very humble Servant 

Will: Stephens. 


M' Harman Verelst 
Accomptant to the Hon'''^: 
the Trustees for establishing 
the Colony of Georgia. 

From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter from the Revd. Mr. Bolzius to Mr. 
Harman Verelst. 

Ebenezer Jan^^ 15'\ 174yo. 

Dear Sir, 

I had the satisfaction to receive your kind 
Letter of the 17'^ Sep\ last at the time, when a 
new Transport of Saltzburgers under the Con- 
duct of M'. Vigera arrived in this Colony, & was 
very glad to find the Contents, that the Hon*"'. 
Trustees allow them for six Months a certain a 
Sum of Money for their subsistance in the Be- allowed 'a 


ginning, which Col. Stephens for 3 Months has ^fj4||4^- for 
pay'd into my hand, besides which the people of ^'"^ months 
the new Settlers have received by the Colonel 
several tools, for which as well as all other Bene- 
fits bestow 'd upon them at London & in their 



222 Colonial Records 

Mr. Bolzlus to Mr. Verelst. 

Passage hither, they are highly obliged to be 
thankful to God & the Hou'^"^. Trustees, their 
Benefactors. They arrived in a very good 
Health, & did commend very much 11'. Terry, 
by whose fatherly Care they used very great 
Commodities, for which good treatement at Sea 
they are highly obliged to the Hon"^ Trustees, 
who have empow'red M^ Terr}' to use them well. 
All new Comers are still brave in Health, & 
settled as near to the old Settlers as possible, 
which will contribute very much to their spir- 
itual & temporal Welfare. I find them all very 
well satisfy'd, & I hope to have the pleasure in 
time to come to acquaint you by mere Exper- 
ience with their good Beha\dour, satisfaction & 
A millstone Pi-Qo-ress, in their Labour. For the Mill-Stones, 

from the i. ' 

Tru8tee.s. ^^liich the Hou^'^ Truslces present our people 
with, I return them most humble Thanks. I am 
in hopes, you have received my last Letter, in 
which I acknowledged the Eeceipt of 77 lb sterl, 
which the Hon'^'^ Trustees have advanced 
towards the building of our ]\rill. God be their 
Eewarder here & hereafter! I doubt not but you 
The..sad ]j^^,^ lonico bcforc this a full Account of the sad 
otjhe Swiss (-i^-,^^,:iitjy,^ ^f the Swiss & Gcrmans, that arrived 
Germans. ^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^^ SaltzburgBcrs in the Ship 
Europa. A Party of them are carried by their 
Conductor Riemsi>erger to Saxe Gotha in South 
Caroline, & the rest, that hope to recover from 
their dangerous sickness, design to settle with 
their Countrymen about Savannah. As much as 
lyes in our power we are willing to be service- 
able to them by our ]\[inisterial Oflioe. It is re- 

Correspondence 223 

Gen. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

Mr. Thos. 
.lone.s a 
omoter of 

ported to ine, that according to some Gentle- 
men's Apprehension at Savaimah, I had given 
M'. Thomas Jones a bad Character in my Letter 
to the Hon^'^ Trustees. I can assure the Trustees 
that W. Jones has endeavoured heretofore to 
the utmost of his power to promote Ebenezer's weffare^"' 
Welfare as well as other people's, that lead a 
life conformable to God's & the Countiy's Laws, 
therefore I would have trespassed against my 
own Conscience &: Knowledge, if I had wrote 
any thing else, but what is commendable about 
W. Jones. Be pleased to present my most hum- 
ble Respect to the Hon^'^ Trustees, wishing 
them from Above all Blessings immaginable for 
all the Benefits, they have been pleased to heap 
upon the last as well as upon all Settlers at 
Ebenezer. I beg leave to subscribe myself 
Dear Sir 

Your most obedient 

very humble Seiwant 

John Martin Bolzius 

To Harman A'erelst Esq 

(From B. P. K. O., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Gen^. Oglethorpe's letter to the Trustees 
3^ March 1741 Rec^. 23 July 1742 

Frederica 3'\ March 1741/2. 


Govemour Clark hath for some Years past 
Laboured to bring about one of the Noblest De- 

[■y/i !^f«>T.'V axiiniHli o'^ 


Colonial Records 

Gen. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

Gov. Clark 
makes effort 
to bring 

I'eace made 
by Gon. 
bilween the 
and Creeks. 

The back 

from fight- 
ing the 
by the back 

Moy Toy, 
Emperour of 
the Chero- 
kees. killed 
by the back 

siiciis .<: most Advantagious for all the Piritish 
Settlements on the Continent of America which 
is to make a Peace between all the Indiau.-3 that 
are h;iil)jec't, or under the Cro\\Ti of Great Bri- 
tain & thereby preventing their Destroying <jc 
Slaughtering Each other, as they now Daily do. 
Besides the saving so many Lives, & making the 
Western Parts safe, it Enables the English In- 
dians to act with more Vigour & greater Num- 
bers, against the Spaniards or any Nation at 
AVar with us, Those Men who otherwise would 
be forced to stay at Home for their own Defence, 
will be enabled to leave their Towns by the 
Peace. I have with much Difficulty made a 
Peace, between the Chickesaws, Cherokees & 
(^reeks, but the great work of making a Peace 
between them & the Six Nations remains with 
Governoui- Clark to do. 

If the Chickesaws can obtain a Peace vr'- the 
Six Nations which are called the back Enemy, 
They will be secured against the French other- 
wise that brave People will be overlayed with 
numbers. They have acquainted me that the 
fear of tlie back Enemy did prevent their com- 
ming down this Year to War against the Span- 
iards. AVhereas last Year they sent down Forty 
And if the Peace is made with the Six Nations 
they will send down every Year 200 to War 
against S^ Augustine. 

The Cherokees have also acquainted me that 
if thfy are secured from the back Enemy, who 
lately killed their Emperour :^Ioy Toy, They 

Correspondence 22c 

Gen. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

will be able to furnish 2,000 Men in Case we 
shoiild have occasion for them 

\ copy of 

I shall say no more to Yon upon this Head 
since Govemour Clark in his Letter speaks so 
fully upon it. His reasons are so full & strong u/uer* 
that I c^n add nothing to the Works of His Ex- Trustees. 
cellent Pen; Therefore send you the Copy of 

As this Treaty is of greater Consequence to Treaty 

<-' ^ between the 

Georgia than to any other Colony. I Drew for Ij^.^^^^^ °' 
£100 Sterling upon M^ Verelst, towards Defray- ?oTeor|ik'^ 
ing the Chare-es hereof, which I hope you will other 

'^ '- ' i ^ Colony. 


We still keep our Ground, & our Indians con- 
tinually make incur.^ions up to the Walls of S^ 

On 1''. Febr\' — a Spanish Privateer Sloop 

The arrival 

which was sent down by the Govemour of S^ ^shVri^va' 
Augustine to Guariea on Hes])aniola for Pro- ofrthe"^'^ 
visions &<3 \ Arrived loaded vrith Wine, Cloath- Ausu'^stme 


ing. Flour &c* oif the Bar of Augustine, The half 
Gallys with 200 Men went out to Convoy Her in, 
but the Weather blowing fresh, they went back 
again & carried on Shore to the Govemour the 
Chief [Merchants & the Letters, 8: left the Sloop 
& a Pilot to wait for, & come in Avith the Flood. >" order 

' piven to fire 

The Governour being Extreamly rejoiced at the 
Arrival of this Succour, ordered the Cannon 
round the Works to be lired, & Ronefires to be f^^Jj^a^^s**^ 

and make 

made & sent out a Party of Indians to get Wood Ser '^oo.! 
for the same. A Detatchment of our Savannah kiued and 


Indians fell upon the Wood Cutters killed some, I'rl^=o^o^<. 


Colonial Records 

Mr. Clarke to Gen. Oglethorpe. 

& took Five Prisoners whom they brought in 
here, c^- so took away the Bonefire which the 
Spaniards niig-ht the better spare since at the 
same Time our S^ Phillip Guard Sloop came up 
with the Spanish Sloop before the Tide of Fload 
^as full made who took Her, & hvdnght her in 

T am Gentlemen 

Your most Obedient 
Humble Servant 

James Oglethorpe 
The Ilonbh- Tiie Trustees 

(^>om B. P. K. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Copv or Mn. Clarke's Letter from New York 

TO Gexl Oglethorpe 

New York January y- 9^*^. 1741/2. 

Captain Clinton 
to sett out ti 

not being come nor intendiuo- 

v^Sw'-S,, " r\ ""' "" »'« SP">'S I propose to l.ave an 
S?.",,,!'.' I';''"-v«o«- witlL the Six Nations next ilav of 
fT'cL'il «-'>'^-l' I liave accuaintecl Governour Goooli'ar,,! 
Oov..„„„r Bull desiring them to dispose v 
Southern Nations to send their Deputies so as 
to be l,ere the 20-. of May and Corroborate in 
person what I have done on tlieirpart, tLevmav 
march Ihrou^l, the Settlen.ents of Vii-srinia. 
Maryland, and Pensilvania, and ne«- .Ter^^v with 




Mr. Clarke tu Gen. Oglethorpe. 

all Safety carrying Letters to the Several Gov- 
ernors : I have likewise told those Gent", that 
I think it highly requisite that some Presents he 
ordered from the Southern Governours to be 
given at that time to the Six Nations vrhich will 
Operate more Powerfully than any thing else. 
The French do this yearly, & this Province every 
two Years give them about Eight hundred 
pounds (this money) nigh five himdred pounds 
Sterling and I "wish that by Contributions from 
yonrs and the other Colonies y^ four hundred 
pounds a Year given by this might be made up 
Eight hundred poimds that they might have the 
Presents Yearly, ^vithout it I doubt The French 
will in time gain them from us, which if they do 
there will be nothing to interupt their march 
whenever they have a mind to annoy any of the 
Settlements in the Southern Colonies. The 
Government of Virginia gave an hundred 
pounds Sterling in presents to the six Nations 
when I made y^ Peace, and Govcrnour Gooch 
in his Lett", of the second of Last Month tells 
me that the Next week he should have an oppor- 
tunity to consider with the Council what I men- 
tioned to him, concerning the meeting of The 
heads of the Indians and the Presents requisite 
to keep these Northern Ones Steady; tis so very 
natural (says he) for men that must be gained 
to side with the best bidder that no wonder those 
Savages are Sensibly toutched with the weight- 
iest chain ; from whence I have hopes of his As- 
sistance, and I fiatter myself, Sir, that if you 
can Your Excellencv will Assist me Likewise in 

Riven by 
the French 
to the 

A discus- 
sion over 
the meeting' 
of the 
heads of 
the Indians 
and prc-j 
ent.s r«'<iui. 
site for It. 


Colonial Records 

Mr. Orton to the Trustees. 

this Important poiut and I wish the Governour 
of Carrolina may do so to. I am with great 
respect and honour 

Sir / Your ExeeP^\ 

most Obed'. hum" Serv^ — 

Copy of the Honble Geo. Clark's 

Letter to His Excellency Gen'. Oglethorpe. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T,, Georgia, Vol. 22.) 
Lp:tter from Mr. Orton to the Hon. Trustees 

MINISTER, London 4 March 1741 Read 21 
June 1742 

tion of 

and rude 
of the 

llon^''^ Gentlemen 

In my last I gave an Account in what State I 
found the people in general here with respect to 
their Jveligiou. I have the pleasure now to add 
that uiir Congregation is much improved both in 
the number of Persons &' their Regard to, and 
Vj-vA i'or tlie establislied Church. The late Un- 
christian, & rude Behaviour of some of the chief 
of the Dissenting Party (or Methodists) here 
tow^\ me (of which I suppose your Honours will 
be fully infonned by another hand) has con- 
tributed very much toward exposing their Er- 
rors & the Bad Etfects of their mistaken Prin- 
ciples, so that that Party is now look'd upon 
with Contempt by most Peo})le. And the gross 

Correspondence 229 

sir. Orton to the Trustees. 

Abuse, which they have made, of the charitable ^^^^^^ 
Allowances & Donations, intended for the Sup- '^a^^ of 
port and Religious Education of Poor Orphans al!owa*'n«. 
in the Province, is become so evident, that it has "^'tions, 
in a manner quite sunk the great Opinion which 
many People in these parts had entertained of 
their pretended extraordinary Devotion & Sane- Many -who 
tity: And many persons, who before were pre- 
judiced by their Erroneous Doctrines, against 
the established worship, are now return 'd to our 
Communion. So that I am not without some 
Hopes of regaining many of our Dissenting 
Neighbours to join with us in Divine Worship. — 
In order to effect this, I have endeavoured to 
reconcile them to our Comnnion in divine Wor- 
ship, by what gentle methods of Eeasoning I 
could use; by kind Treatment & expressing my 
Charitv to all. 

were pri: 
dicial now 
in views. 

The incon- 


And because the People of this Neighboorhood 
were under great Inconveniences for the educat- 
ing of their Cliildren, for want of a School- to'^the' 

^ ' education oi 

master; and many Parents were prevailed upon 
(tho' disaffected to the Principles of those 
^lethodist-Teachers,) to send their Children to 
be teached at the Orphan House, where many of 
them suffer 'd (as I have been credibly inform- 
ed) in their Bodies by hard Usage, & In their 
principles & manners by the mistaken Doctrines 
of their Teachers; Sc others chose rather that 
their Children sho''. want Letters, than, with 
them, be coriiipted with false principles; To 
obviate & t<ake off this Hardship, I have taken 
U]X)n my self the Managem'. of the School, here 

230 Colonial Eecords 

Mr. Orton to the Trustees. 

being None willing, & properly qualified, to un- 
JakeiP'inrn. dcrtake the Duty.— This Task with my other 
of school. Duty, I find too hard for me having only one 
weak Assistant, tK: Employment still growing 
upon my hands, I have therefore sent for a 
ort''on"s*lnt Jj^'other of mine, (a Young man, of sober Con- 
b°rother versatiou,) who I am perswaded will be desirous 
school!' ^' of coming to assist me in this Undertaking. If 
your Honours be pleased to approve of this, & 
encourage him (my Brother Rowland Orton) 
with some Allowance for his Passage hither & 
rnainleuanee, I humbly beg Leave to recom- 
mend him, as One who will (if God preserve his 
Health) do me much service in this way, as 

If your Honours shall think fit to give any 
l)articular Orders to, or concerning him. Cap': 
Jost'j.h Avery has Directions to write to him. I 
shall be heartily glad of the Opportunity, if, in 
this» or any other way, I can serve your gra- 
cious Intentions for promoting the Wellfare of 
this Colony, S: am 

with all possible Respect, 

( I en t lemon, 

Your most obliged, humble Serv'. 

Christopher Orton. 


March y^ V\ 1741/2 

N. B. Jf your Honours should desire to be 
further informed of any particulars relating to 


Thomas Bosomworth to the Trustees. 

me, the afores''. Cap^ Joseph Avery (Author of 
the New Survey of tliis Colony) is fully ac- 
quainted Avith every Circumstance wherein I ^', 
have been concern 'd since my coming to this 
place, & will (I hope) wait upon you. I believe 
this Gentleman to be fully qualified to give a full 
and exact Account of the State of this Colony. 


J., soph 

ulhor of 
lie new 


uf the 


(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Thomas Bosomworth To The Honourable 
Trustees for Establishing the Colony of 
Georgia ; 

These Eefiections, on the present State and 
Management, of the Orphan House in that 

are humbly and gratefully inscribed 

by their Honours most obliged 

and most devoted Servant 

T B 

Savannah March y' 10: 174i/.. 

Honourable Gentlemen 

I cannot be entirely acquited from seeming to 
arrogate, too much Merit to myself, in presum- 
ing to address this Honourable Society, with 

I H .a ato-i'»l) 



232 Colonial Records 

Thomas Bosomworth to the Trustees. 

some serious Considerations, the Product of my 

leisure Hours, & weak Abilities, since I have 

been exhidod from the World. To impute this 

Hearty to a Dcsire of gratifying my own Vanity or Am- 

tht glory bition, would be wronging the Native Temper of 

of God and ,-,1 it tt 

felicity of my t^oul too mucli : 1 assurc vour irJonours, mv 

mankind • . 7 » 

sole motive 
for engagring 

hearty zeal, for the Glory of God, & Felicity of 
in cause. ;Mankind, are the sole Motives that enduce me to 
engage in this Cause. AVhen I reflect that the 
Honourable Society, to whom I am writing, are 
Persons who have so eminently distinguish 'd 
themselves, from the Eest of Mankind, by their 
noble Endeavours for the Advancement of ^lio 
Honour of God, the Service of tiTie Religion, iK: 
the good of Mankind; This Consideration in- 
si)ires nie, as it were, a becoming Bold- 
nesp, c^' Freedome of Speech; and gives me sure 
Conndonco. tliat who ever contributes, evt-n in 
the lowest Degree, to the promoting of these 
great Ends, thereby becomes entitled to your 
Honours Indulgence, & may even promise h^'m- 
self some Degree of your Approbation. 

I am sensible Gentlemen that the more you 
approve of such an Undertaking the greater 
Concern it will give you, to find it here so feebly 
executed : yet I have the Pleasure of retiecting, 
with great Assurance; that the early zeal, & 
imperfect Fniits of a Genius yet in Embryo, 
will receive that Sanction, Weight, & Value, 
from your Humanity, & good Nature, which 
otherwi.^e they are undeserving of; nor is it 
possible, that they should be esteem 'd upon any 
other Consideration, than as we value Fruits for 

Correspondence 233 

Thomas Bosomworth to the Trustees. 


being early; which nevertheless (as an ingen- 
ious Gentleman observes) are the most insipid, 
& worst of the Year. 

Any Attempts to paint the intrinsick Beauty, 
& Excellency, of this destinguishiug Virtue 
(Charity the Subject of this Discourse) w^ould ^^'^ tf.'jg^^®*^^ 
be as vain as needless. All Labours of this '^'^^^^'^e- 
Kind are happily superseded by your Honours 
allow 'd, exemplary Inclinations, to this great & 
indispensable Duty. Permit me only, with all 
Submission to observe, that this noble & Chris- 
tian Principle of Charity, is not only a Virtue 
of the highest Eank, but the most distinguishing 
Characteristick, & greatest Instance of an ex- 
alted & capacious Soul. This benevolent Dis- 
position, is the chief Ornament of our Minds, & 
glory of our Natures. Charity is an active, 
operative Principle ; which runs throughout the 
whole Mass, animates, & enlivens all our 
Thoughts and Actions, & extends itself to the 
most Minute, & inconsiderable Part of the Hu- 
man Species ; «S: with this enobling Circumstance, 
receiving an additional Glory, v^' Lustre in pro- 
portion to the meaness & worthlessness of the 
Object it is employ 'd upon. Xothing sure can 
be more Divine, nothing can approach nearer to 
the bright Pattern of all Perfections, than the 
Exercise of this noble & substantial Virtue, 
when it flows, from a disinterested publick 
Spirit of doing Service to Mankind. 

AVith what secret Pleasure could I expatiate 
upon this exalted Topickl and how seasonable 


Colonial Eecoeds 

Thomas Bosoniworth to the Trustees. 

to wrong 
the cause 
or do 

violence to 

t!:uij.'er to' 
arid fciiitt' 
from mati- 
agenieiit of 

might it be, was it my Business to paint this 
Chri.^tian ^'irtue, in such Colours as might ani- 
mate the Cool, & fire the Zeal of Lukewarm, by 
raising the same Spirit of Charity in others, 
which has so remarkably display 'd itself in you. 

To my gi'eat Concern, I find myself under a 
Necessity either to wrong the Cause I am en- 
gaged in, by suppressing evident Matters of 
Fact, or to do Violence to my Inclinations, by 
olTeuding against that Modesty which is the con- 
stant Inmate & Attendant of my Soul. 

Notwithstanding the vain glorious Boastings, 
of liiese l")esi)eradoes, of scattering their Holy 
Seeds among the Brambles of America, & their 
fniitfuU Increase ; every true Son of the Church, 
^- AVelwisher to the Colony, must join with me, 
in hnnciiting tlie mischievous Effects of their 
liorriblt' Doctrines, & the impending Danger 
both to Church ^V:. State, from the Design & Man- 
agement of their Seminar}', the Orphan House 
he re. 

To set my Design under Consideration in a 
clearer Light, it may be necessary pre\'iously to 
examine, what Ends are proposed by all charit- 
able Foundations, & by what means these Ends 
are to be obtain 'd; Hence I shall prove how far 
the true End c^' Design of the Orphan House is 
frustrated, cV the dangerous Consequences of the 
pre.M'iit Methods of Proceeding. 

Man is j)y Nature weak & indigent; & not 
ca)»al>le of making any comfortable Provision 
for his own Welfare, l>ut in several Respects 


Thomas Bosomworth to the Tiustees. 

stands iu Xeed of the Protection & Assistance 
of his fellow Creatures; & in short the whole 
S]>ecies are neeessarilv fixt in a State of Depend- "f depend. 

* ' '■ ency on 

ency on each other. Hence we have the strong-- ^^^^ °'^^^- 
est Ties and Obligations npon us, both as Men & 
Christians, to be kindly affectionated, & recip- 
rocally to contribute to the Necessities of one 
another. Publick Happiness &: the Welfare of 
every individual are essentially united; This 
essential Union arises from the very Condition 
& Circumstances of our Being, & consequently a 
Necessity of Human Society, as the common Re- 
fuge of human Infirmities. 

Love, & Charity is the Bond of all human 
Society; the Fountain from whence flows both ISInty^'^ 
publick Peace, Cc private Ease, which are so es- ^°°*^ °^ 

sentially united, that as soon as the Bond is 
broken & dissolv'd, the Parts disperse ^' fly 
abroad into Atoms, which must necessarily 
shake the very Foundation of the firmest Con- 
stitution, nay must eternally destroy' the best 
form'd Politv in the World. 


The allwise Author »Is: Fountain of our B 


the better to preserve the common Interest or Author In"^"^ 

■\1T 1 » f ^ Till- Fountain of 

Welfare of the whole, hath miplanted in our °"^ ''^'"s. 
Natures, a Principle of Humanity «S: Tender- 
ness, which never fails powerfully to intercede 
in Behalf of such poor Objects, as must, from 
their necessitous Circumstances, or Want of all 
manner of Provision for Instruction, tending 
either to the Goods of their Souls or Bodies, 
consequently become a Scandal to the Country 

236 Colonial Recoeds 

Thomas Bosomworth to the Trustees. 

they live in, a Disgrace to human Nature, & com- 
mon Enemies both to God & Man, 

To remedy this great Evil, all charitable 
To remedy Fouudations wero erected & set on Foot; & the 

great evil. ^ ' 

inestimable Blessings of all such pious & laud- 
able Undertakings, Tvere designed for, & appro- 
priated to such Objects, namely Orphans, &: poor 
Children ; as are utterly destitute of all manner 
of Provision either for their temporal or eter- 
nal AVelfare. Such tender Minds are equally 
susceptible of bad as good Impressions; when 
such, I say, are turn'd into the World, beset with 
innuniera))le Temptations, that Torrent of Vice 
& Wickedness, which rages in the World must 
like a Deluge pour in at every Avenue open to 
receive it, which will soon overwhelm the fair 
Pasture of an innocent Mind: and the above 
mention 'd de.structive Consequences must neces- 
sarily follow. 

The great Ends proposed by all such pious 
Undertakings, are the Honour of God, & the 
Benefit of the Nation. The Means by which the 
first great End (in Respect of poor Or- 
phans) is to he obtain 'd, is by .seasoning their 
tender Minds, with the early Principles of Piety 
& sound Religion : the saving Knowledge of God, 
& their Duty, will be an Anchor to the Soul, both 
sure & stedfast, by influencing the Remainder of 
their Lives, c^- keeping them secure from those 
natural Corruptions, & Vices, which are too 
often, the Bane of such Youth as unhappily 
want the invaluable Priviledges & Blessings of 
such a i>ious Education. This charitable Re- 


Thomas Bosomworth to the Trustees. 

gard ought to be had, in the first Place to their 
Grand Interest, the eteraal Welfare of their 

In the next Place the temporal welfare of such 
poor Orphans, claims a Title to the greatest porai w'S'. 

^ ^ '=' fare ot 


Care & Diligence, of the Guardian, or Guardians 
thereof: because the Interest of the whole, & 
every Individual is essentially united: to pre- 
serve the Interest of both, great Care ought to 
be taken, that such poor Children, be brought up 
to Trades, or such useful! Employments, as the 
particular Manufactures of their respective 
Countries may lead them to, by which means 
they may be put in a. Capacity, to make Pro- 
^^sion for their worldly Subsistance, & be kept 
from Idleness, & Beggary, which is the Ruin, ^J^g^^ ^"'^ 
as it is the Disgrace of any Country. Thus by STry' "^ 
being inured to a sober & industrious Way of 
Living they free themselves from the Tempta- 
tions of a necessitous Condition, wliich is the 
true Cause of most of the Evil we see in the 
World : And the good Eifects thereof as well to 
themselves, as to the Publick, evidently appear, 
for instead of being the Bane of all Society, & a 
Burtlien to the Earth (which consequently they 
must be if left to the IMercy of a raging wicked 
World) they become serviceable in their little 
Stations, & useful! Members of Society. 

ITence all charitable Foundations, under 
proper Regulations, drawn up %vit!i a Spirit of 
Piety & Religion, with a View to the eternal 
Welfare of their Souls, & the temporal Welfare 
of their Bodies, &: these Rules «fe Orders punc- 


Colon luj Records 

Thomas Bosomworth to the Trustees. 

Welfare of 
etc.. Incor- 

of contrib- 
utors to 

What does 
he mean? 

tually c^ religiously executed, & observ^'d, cannot 
fail of being an universal Blessing to the Whole 
Kingdome, as to the particular Persons who 
enjoy tlie inestimable Benefits of such glorious 

As the "Welfare of all Societies & Bodies in- 
corporated, is in a great Measure owing to the 
conscientious Discharge of their Trust, which by 
the re.-^pective Founders is required in the Guar- 
dian or Guardians thereof: they ought to make 
a faith full Application of all publiek Donations, 
or charitable Allowances, according to the pious 
Intentions of the respective Donors, that they 
may be render 'd, both a present & future Happi- 
ness to every individual Person to whom they 
were design 'd as such, as well as a Benefit to 
the Coniniunity in general. 

I liunibly beg leave, with an entire Sense of 
my own Unworthiness, & with all that Rever- 
ence c^' Submission, which is due to your Hon- 
ours, v*v tlie (.'ause 1 am engaged in, to lay before 
you some of those many unhappy Causes, which 
entirely frustrate the pious Intentions of the 
re.>ii.ective Contributers to this charitable Foun- 
dation, tlie Orphan House, in this Colony of 
Georgia in America. 

To expatiate upon the Character of that Gen- 
tleman or his Superintendants, who have the 
Administration of the Orphan House would be 
as uTinert'ssary, as they are universally kno^vn. 

Pei-mit me Gentlemen, only to observe that 
these thrasonical, vain-glorious Diotrepheses, 


Thomas Bosomworth to the Trustees. 

are so immers'd in the bottomless Gnlpli of 
Spiritual Pride & Obduracy, that tliey will saeri- 
liee both the Glory of God, & Felicity of Mau- 
Kind, to raise a vain Admiration of themselves 
&■ to be at the Head of a Party. This is the 
Principle that inspires all their Actions, & the 
spiritual Motion they constantly Obey. 

To what End are all those extravagant Col- 
lections, wliich have been made in all the wealthy 
Cities, & Towns in England, & several other 
Parts! all those immense Sums were collected, 
under the specious Colour of being ap]3ly'd to 
the Use of the poor Orphans of Georgia, which 
is nothing bnt a horrible Imposition upon the 
World. At this very Juncture there are no more 
than 14 Orj^hans, belonging to the whole Pro- 
vince of Georgia, the Pest are brought from all impo^suion 
Parts of the "World, not ;-o much out of Eegard world. 
either to their Souls or Bodies (as may reason- 
ably be expected) as to make a Seminary, to 
engross the Education of Youth, & by training 
them up in Ignorance, & blind Subjection to their 
pretended spiritual Guides, that they might 
thereby prepare them to swallow down all the 
Gross Absurdities of their Doctrine, in order to 
propagate their own horrid Scheme of Religion, 
than which, nothing could have a more direct 
Tendency to rend in Pieces our Constitution 
both in Church t^' State. 

Their Principles, Practices, & pernicious Con- 
sequences, I have examin'd at large in another 
Essay; occasion 'd by a late Controversy be- 
tween the EeV^: W Orton, & the Superinten- 


Colonial Eecords 

Thomas Bosomworth to the Trustees. 

means to 
of the 
Rev. Mr. 

Scheme of 

A piece of 
policy at t! 

An expe- 
dient made 
use of by 

dants of the Orphan House, who mado use of 
.such vilhiinous Means to blacken the Character 
of this wortliy Gentleman, that I thought my 
self ()l)liue<l in Conscience to vindicate him as 
far as I was able, from the Attacks & Malice of 
his inveterate Enemies. I presume your Hon- 
ours had much rather see a good Meaning weak- 
ly supi>ortcd, than an ill one drest up in the most 
l-ylausible Colours; this gives me sure Confidence 
that my weak, but zealous Defence of the most 
sacred Principles of the Establish 'd Church 
may claim some Title to your Honours Protec- 
tion : P>ut to the Point. 

This Scheme of Religion of theirs, seems to be 
l)rofessedly calculated for the final Destruction 
of all Religion & Virtue, «S: this Orphan House 
inst«'ad of being any real Benefit to the Colony, 
niu.<t con.-eiiuently be the Destruction of it, ac- 
cording to the pi-esent ^Management. 

As far as I can learn from all apparent Cir- 
<'umstances, one may reasonably conclude, that 
tluM-e is a Piece of Popish Policy at the bottom; 
tli.'ir sole I'nd ».^v' Design is to make a Reforma- 
tion (or rallier a Destruction) both in Church & 
State. An<] they expressly declare tITere will be 
no Christianity in the AYorld as long as the 
Church of England stands. So these Furiosoes 
set to work all the Engines of their Policy, to 
firing about a Reformation, & have hit upon an 
Exp(M]iciit, made use of by all such Imposters. 
H we look but a little abroad, & see what the 
Jesuits in the Popish Dominions have been, Sc 
are now, dning, in those Countries about us. 


Thomas Bosomworth to the Tmsteos. 

where Popery is the Religion by Law estab- 
lish'd; These crafty, designing P'.eclesiasticks, 
persue the same Methods, & by a most subtle 
Dexterity have banish 'd every useful! Study & 
Learning out of their respective Districts, ex- 
cept what suits with their own Tenets; by this 
means they have in a Planner prevented their 
Hearers from all possibility of making any En- 
quiry into the Errors & Delusions of their Ee- 
ligion, so they have got an Opportunity of mak- 
ing what Interpolations they please, & imposing 
upon the People the greatest Absurdities, nay 
Impossibilities in Nature, as Matters of Faith. 

Analogous to this seems to be the Foundation 
of the Orphan House, which appears to have JJ^ otMT' 
been with Design, to engross the Education of iiuuse. 
Youth, & thereby to banish all Traces of true 
Religion, ^cusefull Knowledge out of the "World, 
or Order to make AVay for their horrible Delu- 
sions, & gToss Impostures, which are so glaring 
k conspicuous, that they must soon be detected 
by Men of common Understanding. 

Hence we may see a Reason, why these Re- 
formers level all their Artillery, &- exhaust their 
Magazine of Scandal against the Clergy of the ^^^."^J^^f- 
Church of England (a flagrant Instance of f|^"4a^ 
which, latelv happen 'd here) because these are cfe1^S.^^V"' 

n -,• ji • t^ie Church 

the shining Lights who detect & discover their of EnsiaE«i 
horrid Designs of im]iosing upon the World; 
these are the greatest Enemies. & Opposers, the 
Bane & Scourge of Profanciiess & Infidelity, oi'— 
Heresy & Schism, of Wliims & Innovocations in 
Religion. In vain are all the Pains t^ Policy of 


Colonial Eecords 

Thomas Bosomworth to the Trustees. 

Pains anrt 
policy of 
the inls. 
sons of 

without di^: 

those mischievous Sons of Ignorance to get 
tbos<' Barriers remov'd, to shake or disconcert 
them, as long as a standing Order of these Men, 
duly qualified for their sacred Function, who are 
tlie Light of Religion, & by whom it is dispensed 
to all tlie World, are yet in Being. The horrid 
Designs & Impostures which the aforesaid 
Friends of Ignorance & Error, endeavour to put 
upon the World, will always be detected & made 
conspicuous ; so that 'tis impossible for them to 
succeed in their Works of Darkness as long as 
Learning & good Sence have any, Place among 
the Sons of Men. This tliey seem very conscious 
of, & for that Keason all glorious Seminaries of 
sound Learning, are the constant Marks at 
which they direct all their Aims, (S: against which 
tbey exhaust their bitterest Spleen & Malice. 
W'hli-h \enerable Societies are the Glory of the 
i^^onnalion, »*c the Bulwark of Christianity; *S: 
from these precious Fountains do flow the Suc- 
cess & Glory of our Kingdome, tl' likewise the 
Kingdome of Christ, whose Glory are essen- 
tially united. 

To extricate themselves out of this insuper- 
able DifTiculty. as well as they could, they have 
built an Orphan House (as they call it, tho it 
scare deserves the Name) They have brought 
Children to it from all Parts of the World. Or- 
phans or not Orphans without Distinction; some 
they even forcibly tore from their Parents 

Pray wliat was the Motive of all tins', not any 
Regard he had either to their Souls or Bodies. 

Correspondence 243 

Thomas Bosomworth to the Trustees. 

nor to the Interest of the whole or any Individu- 
al; If the Man be sincere in what he does, 
(which a ^Uui in his Senses, must have a good 
Share of Faith to believe) he is really sadly to 
be lamented ; but allowing it was so, we are not 
to suffer one Man's ill grounded mistaken Zeal, 
to be the Euin of a Nation, or to turn Traytor 
to his King & Country, merely because a poor deluded 

^ ^ T ^ X wretch 

deluded Wretch, unhappily mistakes the Delus- defj^iorfs 
ions of the Devil, or the Suggestions of his own Devu^for 
wild Imagination for the Internal Oracles of oracies 

'^^ of God. 

God, & from thence thinks that it is doing Ser- 
vice to God, & Religion to conspire the Ruin of 

Hence with those deluded Wretches, Rebellion 
has assimi'd the glorious Name of Religion, & 
Faith is to be turii'd into Faction; Prosecution 
against common Disturbers of the publick 
Peace, & Opposers of all Laws Humane 8z 
Divine, is christen 'd a meritorious Suffering for 
Christs Sake, whence its evident to all the World 
that they are warmly in the Interest of the op- 
posite Party. 

For a Proof of this, several irresitable [sic] , „ ^ ,. , 

'- -• A diabolical 

Arguments might be brought but I shall only ^^^S' '^^ 
instance this diabolical Scheme, the Orphan ciud^% 

TT o - , ~\ conse- 

House cc its Consecpiences. quences. 

To come to the Point, their unprecedented 
Manner of Proceeding is this, instead of train- 
ing up the Youth in the early Principles of Piety 
& sound Religion, they infuse into their tender 
Minds, innumerable Prejudices thereby vitiat- 


I ol ?.i di'ui^ 

run omo(\ 

244 Colonial Records 

Thomas Bosoniwurth to the Trustees. 

iiig & ^iviug a wrong Biass to their weak Under- 
standings in ]\ratters of eternal Moment, draw- 
ing tlieni from the true Faitli of Christ, to em- 
brace tlio most notorious & pernicious Doctrines, 
confounding the very Distinctions of Good & 
Evil, blowing up the Coals of Strife & Conten- 
tion, to the great Disturbance of the publiek 
Tranquility, & Banishing Love & Charity among 
Neighbours, the only Cements of publiek Peace, 
& the main Pillars of Religion. 

Thus tiiey set to work all the Engines of their 
Policy, to rend in Pieces the Members of Christs 
Body, by dividing his Kingdome against itself. 

Thus they entirely frustrate, the grand End 
& Design of all charitable Foundations, which is 
promoting the Glory of God, and the Felicity of 
Mankind. All tlie Doctrines & Principles they 
so Zealously ])ropogate are highly derogatory to 
the Glory of God, the Excellency of Christianity, 
<^- Subversive of all Religion, nor are they less 
injurious to the publiek Welfare. 

Jn^lead of training up the Youth to labour *S: 
The train. indii.-try, wluTebv thev might make Provision 

ing up of . , . * * '- 

the youth, lor tiieir own worldly Subsistence, & become 
usefull Members of Society, they teach them to 
cast olT all Obligations both as Men, & Chris- 
tians; they deny Obedience even to the positive 
Commands of the Gos|)el; make all the Promises 
& Threatning of Reward & Punishment conse- 
quent thoreni.on mere ^Mock cl' Delusion. 

Distribu- Thus thv-y destroy all Obligation we lie under 

tlon of ob- ,,, . . 

ligation. as ( hristKiiis, t(^ obcv the Divine Commands, bv 

Correspondence 245 

Thomas Bosomworth to the Trustees. 

asserting tliat all good "Works are the sole Effect 
of God's Spirit, which worketh irrosistably with- 
out any Cooperation on the Man's part. Thus 
they resolve the Soul & Substance of all Eeligion 
into their Spiritual Feelings, which without a 
Spirit of Divination one may reasonably con- 
clude to be the Delusions of the Devil, for to 
suppose good Spirits to work for bad Ends is a contra. 
Moral Contradiction, & when the Effect is such, 
the Cause must be so too. 

In the next Place they cast off all Obligations 
we lie imder as ^fen or Members of one Com- 
munity, in which every Individual is oblig-'ci to 
behave himself so in his different Station & 
Capacity, which Providence has assign 'd him, as 
to promote the lut'rest of the AYhole. 

Instead of training up those poor Children, to 
such servile Offices or Employments, which are 
necessary in all Communities, & for which the 
wise Governour of the World, seems by his Pro- 
\idence to have design 'd them, they fill their ^,f^^f%.ith 
Heads with mischievous Notions, that they ournotions. 
ought entirely to neglect all Concerns of this 
Life, 6c give themselves up entirely to Prayer & 
Meditation, & (as they term it) sanctify their 
whole Life by these ]\[eans unto the Lord. This 
Doctrine is chiefly calculated to amuse & cap- 
tivate the lazy and Indolent Part of ^tankind, & ^ doctrine 
will doubtless be rea<lilv embrac'd bv all, whom to^cai'Auate 

lazy iii'iJ 

Providence seems to have design 'd for servile in.f. '..nt 

^ part of 

Offices. To corroborate this Assertion, I shall ">^'--^'"^- 
beg leave to offer one Instance, One of AVliite- 
field's Followers set about converting the Ne- 



Thomas Bosomworth to the Trustees. 

One of 

negroes in 

groes ill Carolina, the Method he took was this, 
he told them tliey iiiiist not go to work but go (S: 
seek Christ, he was tlieir Master: To which 
they reply 'd in the Height of Joy & Transport, 
Christ was a very good Master, if he would get 
'em a Holy Day, they w^ould seek him every 
Day : & pursuant to that Resolution, they went 
raving in the Woods for some time till their 
Masters were oblig'd to take them under Dis- 

What then must be the Consequence of infus- 
ing such like Principles into tender Minds sus- 
ceptible of the Faint of such Infection! In- 
digence «Jc Beggary in every Shape must neces- 
sarily follow, & those Orphans must consequent- 
Iv be the Bane of all Humane Societv. 

A (locUinK 
very dan- 
gerous In 
its effect. 

The scheme 
of the 
means for 
of the 

As a necessary Remedy against the ill EtTects 
of this Doctrine, they substitute another, much 
more dangerous in its Effects, Viz. That all 
Things are common among Christians. The 
inevita)>le Consequence of such a leveling 
Scheme must be ^[utinies, Riots, Robberies, k 
Disordr'rs of every kind. 

Ill till" notliing could be more professedly 
calculated for the Destruction of this Colony, 
than this Scheme of the Orphan House, & this 
seems to be the great Aim, which these disaf- 
fect«'d Bigots, or Pretended Refonners have in 
View. Their Maxim of building I find is pull- 
ing down, & their AVay of supporting the Body 
of the Church is pulling away its Pillars: & 
still those Wretches dragg in the sacred Name 

Correspondence 247 

Thomas Bosomvvorth to the Trustees. 

of Ilelig'ion to vouch for all their Impieties, & 
skreeii their AVit'kedness under this most holy 

I need not inform you Gentlemen, that we 
have here the Dregs & Eefuse of all Countries, 
& what the Consequence of this new Doctrine 
will be considering tlie Giddiness of the waver- 
ing, unsta,ble Populace; their Greediness (like 
the Athenians of old) of imbibing the Poyson of 
Novelty, & even their Affection for Delusion, is 
not Difficult to presage. They have made too 
successfull a Progress in propagating such vile 
& abomenable Doctrines, already, as are a Re- 
proach to the Glory & Digiiity of Christ, & the 
Temper of our Religion, & if those wicked Im- 
postores [sic] succeed in their horrid Designs 
of engrossing the Education of Youth into their 
own Hands, the Disease will in a short time be- 
come so Epidemical, tiiat if no Remedy be ap- 
ply 'd to put a Stop to the spreading of its Ma- 
lignacy the Contagion will, like a devouring 
Fire, lay every Thing waste about it, & threaten 
a total Ruin »S: Destruction to the Colony. 

Your Zeal, Gentlemen, for the AVelfare of this 
Colony, has ever been so conspicuous, that there 
is not the least Reason to doubt but your Hon- 
ours will exert yourselves in a Matter of such 
great Moment ; & not only lend a helping Hand 
towards stopping the Conflag-ration, but like- 
wise if possible by a timely Aid, defeat & pre- 
vent the Incendaries. 

The dreffs 
and refuse 
of all 


Colonial Eecoeds 

Thomas Bosomworth to the Trustees. 

Upon tho 
of youth 
the suc- 
cesses or 
of every 

Mr. TuUy 
one of the 

T]]e Education of Youth has always been 
tljoiiglit worthy the Consideration of the wisest 
Men of all Ages, tliis Concern so nearly affects 
tl]e Connnon Interest, that upon this alone de- 
pends, the Glory and Success, or the Euin and 
l)i.-<.:;race of every Xation or Country. 

To shew that I do not stand single in my 
<)j)iiiion of this, permit me, Gentlemen, (to give 
^^'eig!lt to what 1 have advanced) to produce the 
Autliority of one of the wisest Heathens (Tully 
liimself) who seems to be very sensible of the 
Necessity of the Education of Youth, when he 
thus elegantly expresses himself. Kecta Juveu- 
tutis Institutio ad summum Reipublicje Emolu- 
mentum, conducit Maxime, In another Place, 
Nullus nos posse majus, meliusve Eeipnb]ica3 
afferre munus (]uam docendo et erudiendo 

pointed out 

A tedious 
for a 

tedious per 

I could expatiate farther & set the Matter in 
Hand, in a more glaring Light, bnt this is no 
grateful! Subject to dwell upon, & I have just 
cursorily pointed out these deplorable Truths, 
wbicli I ljo]-.e your Honours will take into ser- 
ious (.■onsideration. 

I Jiave something more material to observe, 
iHit 1 dare not presume to think that you have 
done iiR' the Honour to attend to this long Ad- 
dress, which particular Eeason obliges me to 

lliere i.^ nothiug more innexcusable with 
Gentlemen of Sense than a tedious Apolog^:;' for 
a tedious Performance: I therefore shall onlv 

Correspondence 249 

Thomas Bosomworth to the Trustees. 

add, tliat I have Eeason fo liope, that, that dis- 
position which is inseperable from great Minds 
(I mean that affable & eonrteoiis Behaviour, 
that condescending meekness and Humanity 
for whicli your Honours are so deservedly fam- 
ed) will induce you to indulge the seeming Im- 
pertinence of this: Upon Consideration that 
after ill Luck at start, young ]\Ien are not apt 
to make any farther Attempts, to recover them- 
selves out of that Obscurity into which they are 
driven, which brings down that Vigour & Ele- 
vation of their Minds, improved & directed to 
nobler Purposes. 

When a young Man (especially of any Share 
of Modesty) has to struggle with a long Opposi- 
tion of unfavorable Incidents, when his san- 
guine Expectations are crost, & his most hon- 
ourable Desig-ns intercepted, it must throw an 
almost insuperable Damp upon the most enter- 
prizing Genius (unless buoy'd up with more 
than ordinary Expectation) so as to make him 
remember his laudable Ambition to more. 

Nothing sure can be of a more depressing 
Nature than to bo iixt remote from the Advan- 
tages of Letters, and to be condemn 'd to Ob- 
scurity, to those (especially) who are qualified 
to be usefuU in some more favourable Scene. 

I presume your Honours will be pleas 'd grac- 
iously to accept this, with your common Indul- 
gence, and your Countenance will add Spirit to 
the xVuthors future Labours, and weak Endea- 
vours to promote the Welfare of this Colony, of 


Colonial Records 

Rovd. Mr. Bolzius to Harman Verelst. 

which this is humbly intended as an Introduc- 

T am 


Yonr Honours 

most humble 
and devoted Servant 
Tho^: Bosomworth. 

(From n. r. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

LF/rTt:K FROM THE Rev^. ^Ir. Bolziiis to Harman 
Verelst Esqr. 15 March 1741 

Ebenezer in Georgia March IS^*" 1T-I:V> 

The happy 
arrival ot 
the Saltz- 
under the 
of Mr. 

Dear Sir, '>•' • '■ -----•-/■ ^ '"■ 

In jny last of the 15''' Jan'-. I had the pleasure 
to acquaint you with the happy Arrival of the 
Saltzltuv,i2;ers under the Conduct of M". Vigera. 
They remember with great Respect & thankful- 
ness the great many benefits which the Hon^'^ 
Trustees liave been pleased to heap upon them 
at London, & in their Sea- Passage, for which 
they beseech God to bless them manyfold here 
c^' iitn-e after. They are in hopes, the Hon'''^ 
Trustees will generously add to their former 
Benefactions a little Stock of Cattle, of Hogs & 
Poultrcy for which they highly promise to be in- 
finetly obliged to them. They are all still in a 
veiy good state of Health, «S: have done already 



Revd. Mr. Bolzius to Ilarraan Verelst. 

a great Peal of labour in their respective Plan- 
tations for preparing- tlie Ground for planting 
this Month. By jo}iit labour they have last 
Month repaired our Mill with some Difficulty, 
but to such a good Effect, that it will be further 
to a very great use to our &: other Places in the 
Colony. Likewise they have by common Indus- 
try built a high & very strong Bridge to pass 
now very commodiously a little Piver & great 
Swamp between the Town of Plantations, which 
is to us & other people of such a gTeat use, that I 
am not able to express it in Words. It would 
indeed redound to a very great Encouragement 
to our people, if the Hon'''*. Trustees would give 
Orders, that the Bounty for our Crop of the 
year 1739, which was promised to us by his Ex- 
cellency Gen' : Oglethorpe more than once, might 
be pay'd to the Saltzburgers a^ well as it has 
been to our Neighbours in the Colony. The 
General himself has given Orders to Savannah 
for paying the Bounty to us, Sz tho' other Inhabi- 
txints had a Benefaction of 2 shil. for a Bushle of 
Corn, the Saltzburgers will be very well satis- 
fy 'd with one shil. & thank God & their Benefac- 
tors for it. Henry Xewman Esq; wrote mo 
Word some Months ago, that the Hon^'^ Trus- 
tees have bountifully allow 'd to IX Thilo a 
dutch Servant, several tools & 8" a Bay for him, 
but Orders are not yet issued here for that pur- 
pose, make therefore bold, to intercede, for the 
said D\ Thilo. If they were not despleased to 
allow him some Provisions, instead of a Servant, 
lie thinks it to be more convenient for him, 

A high and 




in regard 

to Dr. 



Colonial Records 

Revd. Mr. Bolzius to Harman Verelst. 

who pre- 
tended to 
be an 

liowc'vcr only to the Hon^ 
8c JMea.sure. 

Trustees ffood Wil 

I liave forgotten in my last to acquaint you 
that Hamilton, ^vho pretendiMl to be an English 
Sehoohiiastei" at our Place, & came over with 
Cap. 'J'homson, has left our Place, & follows his 
Trade at Savannah. He had cleared Ground be- 
fore his Hutt, more than he was sufficient to 
plant, but his wife being proud & idle, & both 
addicted to a life disagreeable to our Constitu- 
tions, have abandoned our Place, & promised the 
^fagist rates to pay their Passage. I offered 
thom their maintainance in the Orphan House^ 
if they had a. mind to follow good Directions & to 
be of some Use to the Children; but refusing 
that they liked better to lead a loose life. 

Lastly I bog the favour of you to present to 
the ilon'". Trustees my & M' Gronau's most 
humble Kespects, which you would be pleased to 
accept of 

Dear Sir 

your most obedient 

very humble Servant 

John Martin Bolzius. 

To Harman Verelst Esq 



Letter from Mr. Thos. Bosomworth. 

High com. 

(From B. P. II. 0, B. of T., Goorgia, Vol. 22.) 
Letter from Mr. Tiios Bosomworth 

Savannah March r -0^" I'^^V-:- 


The Character yon was pleas 'd to give me of ^^^^^ ^^^^^ 
Coll: Stephens as a worthy Gentleman, (from n.^endations 
my own Experience) is what he highly deserves. Stephens. 
And I shall ever look upon it, as the greatest 
Happiness, that I had the good Fortune to fall 
into the Hands of a Gentleman of Learning, and 
Sense, and I believe a Friend to those who have 
the least Share of either : for tho I came over in ^leri.^ 
the Capacity of a Clerk, he has treated me in slephens. 
every Respect, with the utmost Civility, & good 
Manners, and I shall be glad of all Opportuni- 
ties of acknowledging liis Favours with the ut- 
most Sense of Gratitude. 

When I first arrived here Coll. Stephens, had 
wanted a Clerk for some time, so that there was 
a long Arrear of Letters kc to post into the 
Books, which I should have undertaken with 
Pleasure, and I dare venture to say, could have 
gone thro' with it, without being So Soon tired 
with such dry Work, as might be imagined. 

I must own I am not so compleat a Clerk, as 
to coppy :Mechanically ; by the Letter only for 
which Reason, Coll: Stephens as an Instance of 
his Respect, would not suffer me to undertake 


Colonial Eecords 

Letter from Mr. Thos. Bosomworth. 

Nomina toJ 
of the town 
and t(jwn 
ship of 

Old method 
of pro. 

lu tile Interim, I employ VI my Thoughts, in 
the best manner 1 conld, and as I thought, for 
the Interest of the Colony, but I am sorry to 
find, that my good Intentions are so farr per- 
verted as to be imi)uted to an Ambition of ap- 
pearing as an Author, I cant help saying, that 
I tliink it a very ungenerous Remark of a pre- 
tended Friend, even after he had vouchsafed 
some Degree of his Approbation: But however, 
as to the Justness of it, by the Verdict of the 
Ilon'''^ Gentlemen into whose Hands they will 
come, I am willing to stand or fall. 

But to a fresh Subject. 

] i)resume the Honourable G-entlemen are ac- 
quainted by their Secretary here (Coll: Steph- 
ens) that he has done me the Honour to nomi- 
nate me Register of the Town & Township of 
Savannah, with an Addition of the Place of Sec- 
retary to the Indian Affairs, to corrobate [sic] 
which r only want their Honours Appointment; 
which T jH-esume I need not dispute upon the 
Recommendation of that Gentleman. 

.\s the Rights and Titles of the several Prop- 
rietors of Lands, Lots, and Houses, solely de- 
pend upon the Book of Register, the greatest 
Order, Exactness, & Perspecuity ought to be 
observ'd: But with Submission to that Gentle- 
man, wlio ever he was that laid down the Scheme 
of the old one, I must beg leave to express my 
Dislike of his Method of proceeding, which if 
persued. the Consequence must be nothing but 
Disorder and Confusion. 

Correspondence 255 

Letter from Mr. Thos. Bosoinworth. 

'Tis metbinks surprizing how any Man of 
common Sense could supjooso that a Register 
could be carried on, in sucb a blundering con- 
fused Manner, but I shall not dwell upon the 
Faults of the old Register; I shall, I fancy, do 
a more acceptable Piece of Ser\dce, if I lay down 
such a Method, as is likely to answer the Ends, 
proposed, & endeavour to confirm it, by undeni- 
able Reasons. 

I spent a great Deal of Thought tS: Reflection 
upon the old Register but not finding the least 
Satisfaction, I set to work all the Engines of my 
poor Policy in c[ucst of some other Method, & in 
some Particulars I have given my self Satisfac- 
tion, c^ in others I cannot, so I here humbly oifer 
to your Consideration, my Thoughts upon the 
I^latter after the most mature Deliberation, 
partly to undeceive the Hon'"'^ Gentlemen least 
they should think there is a Register kept when 
there is none, & partly to vindicate my own 

I find Sir, it will be a difficult Matter to ex- 
press myself so as to bo understood, & I have 
not time to give you oclurar Demonstration, by 
delineating the whole Scheme, by Reason of the 
Packett, being ready to send for England by the 
first Conveyance to Charles Town, but I shall 
endeavour to give you as clear Ideas of my 
Meaning as I can, by Words. 

For keeping a regular Register of the Grants 

Methixl for 

of Lots, & Houses belonging to the Inhabitants if|^.J,'|ar 

the t<iv 


of the Town of Savannah, this Method may [hS^t'fXn of 

256 Colonial Records 

Letter from Mr. Thos. Bosomworth. 

A Plan of the Town must be laid down, divid- 
ed into Wards, Tythings, Houses, &c, tlyc each 
House in every particular Ty thing, distin- 
guish 'd by their respective Figures, or Charac- 
ters, as 1, 2, 3 &c. To which, must be annex 'd a 
Keference to this Plan, likewise divided into 
"Wards & Ty things, & the Names of the Persons, 
who are Possessors of each House & Lot in 
Town, mark'd with the same Figure or Charac- 
ter. But here it is to be observ'd, that in this 
Eeference there should be two Columns, with 2 
dis'tinct Characters opposite to the Name of 
eveiy Person, one refering to each Mans House 
& Lot in the Plan of the Town ; the other refer- 
ing to the Book of Register, in which there 
should be a Column, and opposite to each Manfe 
Grant, should be the same Character, that is 
opposite to his Xame in the Reference, so that 
any Mans Grant in the Register may be easily 
found by Inspection, where as in the old Regis- 
ter, instead of 2 Columns in the Reference, there 
is only one,'& of the least Significancy, only the 
Persons Xames with Figures refering to the 
I*lan of the Town, by the Help of which it is 
ca>=y to find any Mans House in Town, t^- that is 
the Extent of your Knowledge after the strict- 
est Enquiry: And if there be Occasion to find 
any ;Mans particular Grant in the Book of Regis- 
ter, for want of a Reference to the Book of 
Register, & a Column there with correspondent 
Characters, the Register will be obllg'd to run 
over all the Grants in a Ty thing, before it can 
be found, t^- when it is found in the Book of 


Letter from Mr. Thos. Bosomworth. 

A general 

Register vrhich must be with a great Deal of 
Pains & Trouble, No Man can tell whether the 
Land lays iu this or any other Country from the 
Book of Register for want of a general Chart; 
which in my humble Opinion is absolutely neces- 
sary to compleat a regular Register, & the only 
"Way by which the greatest Confusion can pos- 
sibl}^ be avoided. The Reason to me is very 
obvious. Tho my own Ideas of the Matter are 
very clear, yet mere AVords are not sufficient to 
raise the same in you, but this I dare venture to 
assert that no Register can be regularly kept, 
by any man in the "World, till an acurate Survey 
be made, of such Part of the Province as their 
Honours shall think most proper, & a general 
Plot of it laid down by a large Scale for the use 
of the Register. 

Would Time permit I have the Vanity to 
think, I could give you ocular Demonstration of ocuiar 


the Truth of this Assertion, but since it will not truu^^of 
I shall endeavour to corroborate what I have ^^^^^^^o"^- 
asserted with verbal Arguments, tho insufficient. 

When the Plan of the Town is laid down, & a 
proper Reference with 2 Columns, & proper 
Characters, refering to the Plan & Book of 
Register, it will be an easy Matter to find any 
Mans House in Town k Grant in the Book of 
Register, 8: there you find that so many Acres of 
Land are granted to such a Man, thus far there 
is regularity enough ; but where lies such a 
Man's Land, what Limits, Bearing, Distance &c 
from the Center of the Town, or any other cer- 
tain Place. These are Questions that can never 

258 CoLoxiAL Eecoi:ds 

Letter from Mr. Thos. Bosomworth. 

be resolved without a general Plot : I have found 
an Original Plot, in the Hands of our Surveyor 
A plot of ^i^^*<^» (tl^^ Person I mean who supplies the Place 
of one; tho' he scarce deserves the Name of Sur- 
veyor) of all the Town Garden Lots, & Farms, 
&c, which may serve for the present, provided 
they bo accurately laid down, but (in my humble 
Opinion) there is a great Deal wanting to make 
it comi)leat, and to be ingenious [sic] with you, 
I sliall not care to take all the Grants upon the 
^ Credit of a Surveyor who scarce knows a Point 
of the Com]-)ass; this I presume will neither be 
for the Interest of the Colony nor the Register's 

It is impossible to make you understand the 
^rethod I propose in carrying on the Register, 
nor is it material to spend any more time upon 
it; All that I insist upon,' or would endeavour to 
prove is the Necessity of a general Plot. That 
is, that a proper Person duly qualified, for tlie 
oflice of a Surveyor should be appointed, to run 
out as nuk'h Land as the ITon*"^: the Trustees 
shali think proper; An accurate Plan of which 
sliould he laid down by a large Scale, & kept at 
the L»e-ister Office. The great Advantage of 
this (to me) is very ob\^ous.— But to illustrate 
tlie Matter. 

Suppose a Person petitiones to the President 
u?n"of"Vhe- "^ -^^^^i'^tants for a Grant of such a Tract of 
matter. j.aud, in such a Place, they may see bv Inspec- 

tion upon the general Plan, whether giving such 
a Grant in such a Place, will be any Prejudice to 
any other (J rants, & where Grants can be made 

Correspondence 259 

Letter from Mr. Thos. Bosomworth. 

to the best Advautag-e. Then as to the Marnier 
of registring- such Grants, if a general Plot, be 
kept at the Kegister OHiee, when any Graats are 
made, it is the Snrveyoi- Business to run out 
such a Grantees Land, & give him a particular 
Plan of it, & another to the Register, whose 
Business is to measure off each particular 
Grantees Land upon the general Chart, & with 
such Exactness, that each particular Plan 
quadrate with the general One. And provided 
there be a general Plot first accurately made, it 
will be no great Difficulty with the Scale & Com- 
pass to measure off, each particular Grantees 
Land upon the general Chart, & to give its Bear- 
ing, Distance &c by ]n-oper References from the 
Center of the Town, & with such Exactnesc-, as 
may correspond with the particular Plans. 

By this means may be seen by Inspection upon 
the general Chart all the Grants, that ever have 
been made, where they lay, who are the Proprie- 
tors, what is granted, what not; which will be 
ameans to avoid no small Disorder & Confusion, 
both in giving of Grants, c^^ in registering of 
them, whicli I think is a ]\latter of the last Con- 
sequence in a new settled Colony. 

"What T here advance is not so much with a 
View to the present Posture of Aff'airs as to -XiTtov' 
future Advantages, & Consequences. As I ob- 
sen-ed there is a small general Plot, which was 
sufficient to ])rovide against Mistakes, thus far, 
l>ecause all the Grants come within every Bodies 
]>ersonal ObservatioJi, but what must he the Con- 
sequence of this, when the Colony, becomes more 

future use. 


Colonial Records 

Letter from Mr. Thos. Bosomworth. 

versies over 
given in 
caused by 
want of a 

Will not 
the oflico 
of register 
without a 


populace [sic], and Grants more numerous! To 
corrobornte Tvhat I have asserted^ (fc as a flag- 
rant Instance of the bad Consequences, that at- 
tend the Want of a general Plan, we need only 
cast an Eye upon their Proceedings in our 
Neighbouring Colony (Carolina) where for 
Want of a general Plot, the Persons impower'd 
to give Grants, have frequently made Grants of 
Tracts of Land, which were not to be found in 
the Province, upon which frequent Law Suits & 
Controversies have happen 'd, to remedy which 
they are now going to have a general Survey 
(as I am informed) by which means they will 
know, wliat Part of the Province is granted & 
which not, & where each particular Grantees 
Land lies &c, which they never could before. 

What I have here advanced, I think Sir, has 
the Suffrage of common Sense, & farther the 
concurrent Testimony of those who are allow 'd 
to be better Judges in the Affair, than I am: 
All that I shall farther observe is this; I am so 
far convinc'd of the Necessity of a general 
C'hart, that to be ingenious [sic] with you, I 
shall not undertake the Office of Register with- 
out it, because it is as evident to me as 2-f2=4, 
that it is impossible for me to discharge it, 
either to the Interest, or Satisfaction of the 
Hon*''^: Gentlemen, or my own Credit. 

It would be an easy ^vlatter for me to register 
the Grants, promiscuously as my Predecessor 
has done, but would that answer the End! I 
humbly conceive not, & I musf ine\'itably par- 
take of the same Taste, lose my self in the Cloud 

Correspondence 261 

Letter from Mr. Thos. Bosomworth. 

of Dust wliicli I had raised & be forced to throw 
it up, as he has done. 

If tlie Honourable Gentlemen, think that this 
Undertaking deserves Encouragement, I shall 
undertake the Task with Pleasure, & shall en- 
deavour by an indefatigable Diligence, to set the 
Book of Register in as clear a Light as I can 
from the T' Settlement, c^' I hope to their Plon- 
ours Satisfaction. 

This I do assure you, Sir, will be no very 
grateful! Task, tho much more gratefull to me 
(& I think serviceable to the Interest of the 
Colony) than going on blindfold ad Infinitum: 
And I do not doubt, but the Honourable Gentle- 
men, will consider the Pains & Trouble it will 
cost me in bringing up this long Arrear with 
their wonted Generosity, & annex such a Salary 
to the Office of Pegister, as will be a sufficient 
Maintainance here, Mhicli in general as Dear a 
place to live in, as the City of London. 

I shall wait tlieir Honour's Approbation, or 
Dislike of this Proposal, or if you'll propose any 
other Method more likely to answer the End, I 
shall readily put it in Execution. 

In the Interim I shall employ my self in 
modeling the Scheme «S: in pre]iaring the Grants 
for the Book of Register upon lose Paper, & I 
do assure you, Sir, that all my poor Aims & En- 
deavours shall unite and conspire the Welfare 
of this Colony, which (I humbly presume) will 
in some Degree entitle me to their Honours 
Favour and good Countenance. 

As dear 
a place 
to live in 
as London. 


Colonial Records 

Mr. Wm. Stephens to Mr. "Verelst. 

As to what farther concerns my self, I humbly 
submit to their Honours Consideration, the par- 
ticulars of which I need not mention here. I am 

Your most obliged and 
most humble Servant 

Thomas Bosomworth. 

(From B. P. K. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter from Mr. Wm. Stephens to Mr. 
Verelst, 20 Mar : 1741/0 Recd 21 June 1742 

Savannah March 20'^ 174yo. 

The Attor- 
ney Gen. 

opinion on 
two cases. 

to Nichs. 


My last was of the 4'*^ Feb'^ on the 10'^ of the 
Same I recd your Packett that came ^ Cap": 
M"=IIugh as you'll find in my Journal of that 
Day noted, with the Contents of it : but the Ori- 
ginals of those Letters of the 6"^ & 9"^ Nov^: 
which I recd Coppies of were not then come to 
Hand. The Attorney General's Opinion on 
those 2 Cases therewith sent, ought to have 
great Ptogard paid to em; which I shall be glad 
to find. On the 12^^ of this Month your other 
Packett so much wish'd for came to Hand, 
wherein I found your Letter of 22"^ Oct^ : relat- 
ing to Xich-\- Hanner; & the Circumstances at- 
tending it, I have been so particularly in, on my 
Journal of that Day: that begging leave to refer 
to it I apprehend 'tis needless to add more. 


Correspondence 263 

Mr. Wm. Stephens to Mr. Veielst. 

AMiat you write in yours of tlie 6"^: XoV: re- 
lating: to M" Camuse's Intentions of i'oin^r for muse a* 


England, needs no farther Care at present; slie «« tio to 

. J ^ England. 

being of late after mucli Courtship come to a 
better Temper ; which is also taken Notice of in 
my Journal; «S: I am willing to believe she'll use 
her Skill in making what Silk she can this Year, 
from the Balls that are unquestionably the Pro- 
duct of this Colony: but how farr she'll bo pre- 
vail'd on to shew her Art to others, I can't 
promise: for she yet appears verj- reserv'd on 
that Head: which I humbly conceive is Matter 
of Caution sufficient, to guard against any 
future Eruptions of her Menaces, in case she 
resumes her late Airs : & those Directions which 
you refer to now, that were found in the Coppy 
of the Letter from the Trust of the 16'" Sep": Directions 
to James Lewis Camuse, have been dulv con- to james 


sider'd: but during the Time of such exorbitant camuse. 
Demands being made by her, nothing could be 
done in it that the President & Assistants 
judged reasonable: wherefore, as 'twas likewise 
order 'd by the Trustees that the Family should 
send their own Proposals it was so done in my 
Packett of 3V\ Dec^: & I make no Doubt but 
their Honours will signify their Pleasure to me 
thereon, when they think proper. In the mean 
while, there is Care taken not to give the least 
Occasion of Discontent, as you'll see by the 
Payments made her on Demand, in the Month ly 
Acco': sent, which she receives on Acco'; 'till 
we are farther informed ; Imt her way of Reck- 
oning is verv different from ours. 


Colonial Records 

Mr. Wm. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 




of silk. 

Hans Stutz 
as a vine 


died before 
in the 

The mul- 
berry in- 

The half Pound of Silk worm Seed, now reed 
will demand a Eegard due to its Value & Care 
to be taken into whose Hands any of it is com- 
mitted. I observe what you write on the 9"" NoV : 
relating to one Burgemeister's Understanding 
the Silk; but from what I learn, I doubt tis not 
-in such Branches of it as Camuse is employed: 
however I shall endeavour to inform myself 
farther about it, as the "Worms will now soon 
come abroad, and try if any good Use can be 
made of that Family in the manner you propose : 
they are at present very busy on their new gran- 
ted Land, hoping to raise some Bread Kind to- 
waiu.s their future Support. Hans Stutz shall 
be sure of Encouragement as a Vine Dresser, & 
be supply 'd with what I can do for him in that 
AVay: He is another of those Gennans surviv- 
ing, who are closely employ 'd at present to get 
something planted for Food: but Conrade Eien- 
len among the Saltzburghers (whom you men- 
tion) I hear died before the Ship arrived — 
AVould to God we could boast of as much Pro- 
gress & Encrease of other valuable Products 
towards our Support, as some have exemplify 'd 
in planting both Vines «S: Mulberries for 2 or o 
Years i)ast; & which had they sooner been pre- 
vail 'd with to go about heartily; 'tis evident 
they might 'ere now have had Store of Wine 
sufficient not only to gratify their own Palates, 
but alTord a good Share to their Fi'iends in Eng- 
land; which I do not despair yet of seeing (Old 
as I am) before I die. It has been a Misfortune 
that some of our best enclin'd Planters of ^lul- 

Correspondence 265 

Mr. "Wni. Steplieiis to Mr. Verelst. 

berries, for AVaiit of Experience have lost too 
iiiucli Time, in plantiug Suckers &, Slips, after 
beiug one Year rooted ; \vhicli have been found 
very rarely thriving Trees; but a Plant of one 
Years Growth from the Seed, of about IS Inches 
high 2)laced in tolerable good Ground will pro- 
bably the next Season out-shoot one of the other 
Sort of 3 or -i Years standing: & this indeed has 
been one Cause of not making such Haste for- 
ward, as were to be wish'd; but since People o^ 
late, have generally follow 'd the other Course of 
raising 'era from the Seed ; & very large Num- 
bers (more than I have before known in Several 
Years) have been planted^ in 1 or 2 of the last 
Seasons there is plain Eeason to expect in due 
Time a proportionable Encrease of Silk: for 
there's no fear of ~\Vorm Seed being wanted: 
but to have wherewith to feed such Numbers, as 
are requisite for carrying on this valuable 
Manufacture, in such a Degree as w^e want to 
see : that one Thing seems to me, to call for every 
Body's Assistance, who has any Laud to plant 
on; in promoting the Encrease of Mulberry 
Leaves; which I have now great hopes of in 
Time coming. 

The Office of a Eegister, which i humbly ap- 
prehend to be of the greatest Importance con- nmce of a 
t inues vet vacant ; neither has it been fill'd effec- continues 

tually ever since I had the Honour of serving the 
Trust; during some time, the Book wherein 
divers such Entrys had been made, lay in W. 
Brownfields Hands ; too long neglected, by Rea- 
son (as he told me) that there were not due Re- 



Colonial Eecords 

Stephens to ilr. Verelst. 


In rop^ird 
to consti- 
tution of 

to name 
man nuall- 
fied as 
and Secre- 
tary to 

turns iiKido to him, of any Lots gTanted & taken 
Possession of; whicli lie expected from the Sur- 
veyor; t^- he was not enclin'd to do it imperfect- 
ly: possibly another Eeason also might remain, 
with him, finding no Certainty what he was to 
have for his Pains: Some time after, the hon"^ 
Trustees were pleas 'd to acquaint me that they 
had made him that Appointment with a Salary 
of £20 ^ An: whereupon he appear'd well 
pleasd, & seem'd determined to imdertake it; 
which I was very glad of knowing that no Per- 
son here was better qualified to carry it on : but 
about that Time the Contention beginning 
among our Politicians, concerning divers Alter- 
ations they wanted to make in the Constitution 
of this Colony; & the Tenure of Lands being 
(among other Things) one of the Grievances 
they imagin'd they had cause to complain of: 
-M'. IJruwii field (supposed to be also one in that 
^Vay of thinking) came and deliver 'd np that 
}xe.irister Book; wherein 1 found nothing added 
since liis Acceptance of it with a Salary; which 
(to give hini his due) he never ask'd for: in this 
Planner it has lain ever since, & I have been 
sorry to see it. I find it a Matter of more Piflfi- 
cnlty than (p(M'haps) expected, to name a Man 
weli .lualify'd for it, whom the Hon^"'. Trustees 
are ])l('as'd to tell me; upon my Eecommenda- 
tion, they'll coniirm; & likewise one to be Sec- 
retary to the Indian Affairs. These 2 Otificers 
joynM, I conceive might be a pretty Employ- 
ment for one Person; witli such a Salary an- 
nex 'd as to their Honours should seem meet; c^' 

Correspondence 267 

ilr. "\\'m. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

a small Addition to what tliev were pleas 'd to 
appoint for a Register (which was £20) together 
with the usual Fees for granting & renewing 
Licences to trade, would deserve its being done 
with Care and Diligence: wherein 1 must ob- 
serve that the Fees allowed by the Act are 10 
Shillings each; the Amount whereof annually 
for some Years past have mostly been from 6, 
7, or 8 to not exceeding 9 £. For the Execution 
of these 2 Employments, I apprehend M". m.-. Bosom- 

worth sug. 

Bosomworth might be capable, with proper Ap- ^^^t^j^^^^^ 
plication to that Business; tho' there is a long- 
heavy Arrear to be brought up by the Register; 
& his Genius does not seem to lead him to such 
dry Work, wherefore I left it to him to consider 
well of whether or not he would undertake it: 
in the mean while, 1 must have been much at a 
Stand, how to carry on my ordinary Course of 
Business; had I not by good Fortune found a 
Person well adapted to it; who sits close to his 
Pen and Ink, without being soon tired, & whose 
Behaviour I hope will farther recommend him 
hereafter. I mention this out of no ill to ]\P. Worth's 


Bosomworth whom I treat with such a courteous cia3sTcai''°*^ 
Regard as I dare believe he will not complain ""^'^ "^' 
of; but his sprighly [sic] Temper, added to a 
little Share of classical Learning, makes him 
soar above the low Employment that was here 
prepared for liim, which he appear 'd disap- 
I)ointed at: as I have also touch 'd upon it in my 
•Tournal of the 11'" & 14'" Instant, where he 
pretty plainly discovers his Ambition of being Discovers 
an Author: and (to confirm his Aversion to all of bting. 

268 Colonial Records 

Mr. \Vm. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 


copying:) I know he makes use, privately, at 
extra Hours, of the Writer I employ, to coppy 
ilsued to out such Essays of his, on Religion, as he had 

coppy essay ^ . , -, -.^ , 

on jeiigion boeu pre{iaring to send to England. What Con- 
EnlLV chision to draw from this, indeed I do not Ltiow, 
better than to recommend M^ Bosomworth to 
their Honours Approbation as Register and 
Secretary to the Indian iVffairs, which he prom- 
ises to give due Attention to ; & the Employment 
of being Clerk immediately under me, will 
readily bo supply'd by one, who I verily think 
^vho [sic] endear [sic] to deserve it, with the 
Salary of £25, which has been allow 'd to his 
Predecessours, & constantly paid: for at such 
Times as I fail'd of getting one to attend that 
Service wholly, it generally has cost me more in 
hiring a Jobber : & since the Time of M^ Bosom- 
worths A])pointment in Sep^: last who has ■ 
claimed a Right (& justly too as I conceive) for 
his receiving that Money; tho' the Business was 
almost wholly done by another; it must be at 
my owii Cost, unless allow 'd as extra Service in 
my Imprest Acco^: but from Lady Day, now 
near, all those :\[atters I hope might run smooth- 
ly, m the Manner above proposed; if it is 
thought well of, by those who are the best 
Judges; in Case M^ Bosomworth gives good 
Heed to ))erform what he has promised, and he 
has wrote his Thoughts thereon to the Trustees 
(as he tells me) what he apjirehends requisite in 
Order to his Proceeding to good Effect. 

?u/aTurfr. "^^^"^" ''^'^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ plcas 'd to Write me con- 
cerning a Treasurer appointed to receive the 


Mr. Vi'm. Stephens to Mr. ^'e^elst. 

Sums annually paid by the Indian Traders, for 
renewing tlieir Licences, & who was to account 
for the Same: I am apprehensive there has 
some Mistake formerly been made in represent- 
ing that Affair to the Trust. During the Time 
of my Residence here, I never knew, or heard of 
any Sum of Money paid by any such Trader, 
more than the ordinary 10 Shillings Fee to the 
Clerk; nor did I know of any Treasurer, ex- 
cepting Augustin Weddel, who was sent up to Augustm 


Augusta, to act in a civil Capacity as a Constable I'^ll ^^""^^ 
there, & who also, as I have lately learnt, had ^-"°'^" °^- 
tlie Title of Treasurer; but he died there near 
5 Years Since; 8z I never understood that he had 
received any Money to account for, nor have I 
kno'wn any one appointed since in that Char- 

M"". Avery's Work in making such a Map of 
the Countv of Savannah as the Trust directed in Mr. Aven-'s 

work on a 

your Letter of the 27^'' April (almost a year glf.FanLh. 
since), & which I reed, not till the 4'^ Sep': last, 
was undertaken on the 1^^ of October with all the 
Expedition I could make, in Pursuance of an 
Agreement with him, to be perfected & de- 
liver 'd to me on or before the 2r^ of Dec': then 
next ensuing; as the Coj^py of that Agreement 
herewith sent will shew : & he went on with Dili- 
gence, not coming home oftner than once a 
Week or 10 Days for Provisions, but he soon 
found the whole Coimtn,' on the Coast was so 
water 'd with great Variety of Creeks, which 
form'd many Islands; that 'twas not possible 
for him to bring it to Perfection within the Time 

270 Colonial Records 

Mr. Wm. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

limited In- our AgTeement : wherefore upon ad- 
visin<j: what was best to I>e done, 'twa.s tacitly 
allow'd him to proceed, & 'twas past the Middle 
of til is ^[onth before he deliver 'd it into my 
Hands compleat, to all our Liking, as well as his 
own: insomuch that one Design of it by the 
Honourable Trustees, I fear is in a great 
Measure defeated, by not publishing it before 
the Ixising of the Parliament; which I never 
think of without much Regret, for my whole 
Study is (as far as possible) to get all Orders 
punctually observ'd that are sent me. 

Coming to a Reckoning at last; & knowing 
that good Tart of M"" Averys Time for a while 
X)ast, was mostly employ 'd in embellishing his 
"Work only, &c; he was contented to submit to a 
]?ediiction of it to the 20'\ Feb^:, till when, 
'twas well known, he had actually been employ 'd 
in making out a Plan of his "Work after the Sur- 
vey was over; & his Demand was Allow 'd, in 
the manner as set forth in the enclosed Paper, 
where there remain 'd due to him £19 .. 14 .. 5 : 
but whereas in that Acco* : of his, he had 
reckoned all Sundays: tho' we knew^ he had so 
emjiloyM himself on many of 'em whilst on the 
Coast,: yet 'twas thought too much to comply 
with the whole: & therefore on paying him £15, 
he acf[iii('~c('d, & gave his Acquittance in full. 
The Ai)proval of the whole by the Honourable 
Trust, as well as with Regard to the AVork itself, 
as the Ex pence attending it, is what I must now 
wish f(tr; well knowing that how" fond soever 
manv of us here have been to extol it: vet 'tis to 

Correspondence 271 

Mr. Wm. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

come before Judges of far different Capacities, 
whose Penetration may soon discover whatever 
Defects are to be found ('Tis hoped they are 
f3w) : cl- as to the Cost; I must confess I have 
had some Misgivings within me at times, least I 
should be thought to have run into Extrava- 
gance, & tliat it might have been done cheaper: 
to salve which, & be easy about it in my own 
Mind, I found none upon Enquiry who have 
been any Way conversant in those Matters, but 
what have all agreed that no Artist who fs Mas- 
ter of his Business, will be found to work at it, 
under the Price given ; & most such will expect 
more. When this Contract was made, there was 
no Commission existing among us, of a Presi- 
dent &: Assistants, whom to advise with; but I ^if- Thos. 

Jones con. 

by Col. 

principally consulted M^ Tho^: Jones, who con- 
curr'd with me in :ill that was done; & sign'd it 
as a Witness only; after forbidding me to make 
any Doubt of having done my Duty and made a 
good Bargain. Before I leave this Topick, 
nevertheless, I conceive it farther neediull to voVor of' 

the Coast 

say a few Words of this Surveyor of the Coast °^ England. 
of Britain (as he styles himself vainly) by Way 
of Caution therein craving your Patience. 

When ho was surveying the Coast many 
Years since near where I lived, That gave me 
the 1^ Occasion of knowing him: part of the 
Work he then did, was afterwards printed by 
Blount on Tower Hill, & generally well ap- 
proved of. Several Years after, I found him in 
the Highlands of Scotland ; where he was look'd 
on as a great Projector; & undertook divers 


Colonial Eecords 

Mr. Wm. Stephens to Mr. 

men of 

Some com- 
for thlp. 

Works; being emi)Ioy'd by some of the prin- 
cipal liank in those Parts; among whom were 
General Koss, Lord Lovat, 6zc: but how well he 
acHpiitted himself under those hon'''^: Employ- 
ers, I could never learn the Certainty of; & 
Eeports are too slender a Foundation to depend 
on in search of Truth: after my Return into 
England from these Parts, & then entering into 
the Trustees Service; it so happen 'd (unknown 
to me before) that he was Passenger in the same 
Ship Vv'ith me to Charles Town, when I under- 
stood from him that his Wife & Family together 
with a certain Number of indented Servants had 
taken Shipping in the North of Scotland, bound 
to Charles Town, where he expected to meet 
them: & that he was going to take Possession of 
no less than a whole Landgravate; being in 
Partnership with one W Ragshell, who held it 
frojH tlie Original Grantee; & was to share such 
certain Profit with Aveiy as they had agreed 
0)1. The Situation of those Lands happening to 
he not far dist^mt from this Colony, M^ Avery 
made us 2 or 3 occasional Visits; & at length 
took a House here in Town; with a View, as he 
said, of looking out some commodious Place 
for Ship Jjuilding (which was his proper Trade 
that be had been bred to, & was esteem 'd a good 
^faster of it) about which Time he put that 
Paper into my Hands to send to the Trustees, 
tliat I did, but thought it of little Import; & in 
your Letter afterwards, they directed me to get 
AP Avery to be more explicit in what he had to 
propose. When I reed their Honours Com- 


Mr. Wm. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

boasted of 
come to 

inands to get a Map drawn (which is now done) 
I tlionght it a favourable Coujiincturo that I 
could readily find a Person well qualify 'd to per- 
form it-— Whereof enough is already said — But 
I must next make a few Eemarks on what I 
lately learnt; Viz: that the Plantation under his 
Management, which he has made much Boast of, 
is in a Measure come to nought; where he has 
no Servant white or black, to cany it on ; that 
M"" Eagshell is now come over into Carolina 
himself, to look into those Things, & is at this 
Time pursuing Avery &c, who keeps here out of 
his Reach: & it so happening, that Cap': Pat 
Mackay has a Snow now loading in this Eiver, 
bound for England; Avery seems determined to 
take a Passage in her thither: for which, more 
Reasons may possibly be given than one: for 

setting aside the Cogencv of his present Neces- wanting 

"^ o . X ^Q leave 

sities, wiiich relate to himself only; I am well S'r'^ra^re 
inform 'd it has been in his Intention for a while thln°one. 
past so to do ; that he might have an Opportunity 
of waiting on the IIon^'^ Trustees; & opening 
their Eyes (as he's pleased to term it) in many 
Cases for the Benefit of the Colony; which no 
one, yet has been capable of doing, in the Man- 
ner he can — So far let his Vanity be allow 'd: 
but no farther, w^here there is such an Appear- 
ance of intended Craft, as, I was a little alarm 'd 
at lately; when he made a Proposal to me before 
the Map was finish 'd, that it might be put in a 
Box with 2 Locks & Keys to it, one for the Trust, 
& one for himself, who had yet some Property 
in it; & 'twas at that time (I aftei-wards under- 

274 i Colonial Eecords 

Mr. "Wm. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

stood) he was forming: his Design of going with 
it himself: & so much in earnest was he, that he 
had hasten 'd the making of sueli a Box, even be- 
fore I liad given him my Thoughts of it; for 
twas a Matter of too great Moment for me to 
determine in my self, without due Consideration 
what might be the Consequence: & many 
Thoughts oecurr'd which had a forbidding As 
pect. 'Twas ]iardly credible, that his going for 
England was, ex mero motu, for advancing the 
Improvement of the Colony, by delivering some 
Lacubrations of his to the Hon^'^: Trustees: but 
'twas much to be fear'd, that to make Money, 
which he would stand in Need of, he might at- 
tempt to sell a Copy of his Work, tho' filly paid 
for ; & wherem he can pretend no Eight, 'till the 
Tnist have first taken their own, & afterwards 
relinipiish'd the Remainder, or agreed with him 
farther, at their own Option: for these Reasons, 
I took Care immediately to secure the Map; Sz 
hope 'twill come safe under the 2 Locks before 
mention M, with both the Keys, to whom they 
belong: but my Doubts & Fears extending still 
farther, under some Impression relating to the 
Comand of this Ship design 'd to go hence; I re- 
solved not to make use of that Conveyance; nor 
to commit what I had prepared, to the Charge of 
any I*erson going in her: but rather to keep my 
former constant Course, by the Way of Charles 
Town; hoping 'twill arrive safe, together with 
this, v^' all other Papers contain 'd in the same 


Mr. Win. Stephens to Mi-. Verelst. 

Col. Steph- 
ens living 
in house 
by Mr. 

The Hon'"^ : Trustees having been so good to 
allow me the Liberty of living in their House 
built by M' Bradley. I most thankfully embrace 
their Favour, & am preparing to make it my 
Habitation: wherein I shall be strickly [sic] 
carefull to put the Trust to as littlQ farther Ex- 
pence as possible. It was roof 'd a good while 
since by their Order, & well defended against a 
future Decay: nor shall I think any Ornament 
wanting in any of the Kooms ; the whole consist- 
ing of Logivork Squar'd & put together; which 
with a little caulking here & there in a few 
of the Crannys, may very well serve instead of 
AVainscott: the principal Expence will be glaz- 
ing; & in that I shall allow no more to be done 
than is necessaiy ixi some Windows, leaving the 
Eest to be shash'd with Canvass instead of 
Glass: & when 'tis all done there will be an Ap- 
partment of 2 or 3 Eooms left viz' (Dining 
Room, Bedchamber, S:q) which at any time may 
occasionably serve for the Eeception of any 
Person of Distinction, that may come to transact 
Affairs relating to the Colony. 

That poor Man Antonio Salis, who came here 
sick, as I wrote vou, <S: was to have paid the Death of 

' * ' ^ Antonio 

Trust liy his Labour in the Garden, what they ^^"^• 
had been so kind to lend him; died lately after 
a farther Expence; »S: has thereby cancelLd all 

I thought next to have added a List "not only 
of such as have Lands run out for 'em; but Iike- 

. „ , , , T J. r The minutes 

^vlse 01 such others as have sought lor many of th.^ 

large Tracts ; as will be found in the Minutes of 

276 ; Colonial' Records 

In regard 
to land. 

Mr. Wm. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

the President & Assistants Proceedings; which 
we thought required Caution least we should 
run on too fast; especially as we knew most of 
'em had not any Desig-n of making due Improve- 
ments on those Lands; & not many of 'em were 
in a Capacity of so doing: but it seem'd to ap- 
pear to us, that their View was to get Possession 
of Land at any Eate; in Expectation of what 
has been long wish'd for by them, that they 
might l)uy & sell as they pleas 'd: in which Case 
they wouhl l)e ready to sell an Estate that cost 
'em nothing. I shall therefore in my next, offer 
my Thoughts freely, on those Matters, 6c then 
liope for their Honours Directions about it, 
which I am hoi)ing also they'll please to favour 
me with, rehiting to a certain Time fix'd, for 
vacating Lots: .K: the Condition of their Grants 
not heiiig i.crfornr'd since Mieh':mas 1740: till 
wliich 'l^inie, the Trust has been so indulgent, to 
pass over all former Forfeitures. But having 
spun out this Letter too far beyond Measure aL 
ready. I think it high Time to end it here. 

Vour very humble Servant 
Will: Stephens 

Correspondence 277 

John Pye to the Trustees. 

(Fropi B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.^ 

Letter fro:h John Pye to the Honble the 

Savannah Mar^'' : 24"^ 1741. 

Honourable Gentlem" : 

Notwithstanding you have been so kind to 
answer my Bequest, by Acquainting me what my 
Duty is, and ordering me Payment for myself 
Clerk and Servant from Ladyday 1740 it Avails 
but little for y*' : Baylif s Putts a wrong Construc- 
tion on the Letter Eeceiv'd from M^ Benjamin 
Martin, & insists on my Attending upon them 
when & where they Please, and doeing their 
Business, as they are and have been paid I 
humbly Conceive sufficient to Enable them to 
hire if they are not Capable to do it themselves. 
I refused them which Prevents me from Eeceive- 
ing my full Due, for your Honours Cashire 
[sic] Pays me but part from time to time, and 
I can see no other Eeason for his so doing. — I 
have told them and would willingly do all they 
have to do if they would appoint a time for it & 
call such meeting Petty Sessions & Permit me to 
take Minutes of the affairs Transacted by them, 
for it is not the Trouble nor the time their Busi- 
ness takes that Occasions my Eefuseing them— 
But the Authority they Use when they ask me, 
»5c their Denying my former Services— The 
Chief Spring of all their Anger agains' me, I 
believe is bv Eeason I Eeceiv'd so favourable 

A wrons 
tion put on 
letter from 
Mr. F.enja- 
min Martin. 


; Colonial Recoeds 

John Pye to the Trustees. 

asked for 
the remon- 


been hibor- 
infi in 
to Ret 

A power 
drawn up 

and kiiij Letters from your Honours for some 
of tbeni was so plain as to say I had wrote Lyes 
to Obtain such Answer.s: therefore to Sattisfio 
ColJonel Stephens whom I respect and am al- 
ways ]Jeady to Serve. I show'd a Copy of the 
Letter .^ent to your Honours.— I hope you will 
Pardon mo for Sig-ning the Eemonstrance for I 
do Assure your Honours it was not done out of 
Contempt of You. I have nothing at all to say 
of your Honours unless it is that you have Acted 
more H.uiourably by me than I Deserve & there- 
fore you may be Assured I will never Sign any 
tbing thai may tend to hurt Your Honours or the 
Colony ^or tlie future.— 

Thomas Stephens came here in June or July 
last who soon after he came call'd a Number of 
the Itiliabitants together and told them that he 
hiul \,vrn Labouring in England to gott the 
C.b.ny into the Kings hands in order that we 
might have a free Trade & the use of Negroes & 
that it was Necessary that he should have an 
Unhmitted Power from them to Prosecute the 
said ^Vorl:.— In Pursuance of which mcetin- he 
Drew up a iV.wer from the Inhabitants for him 
to Act in their behalves, and when thev Si-u'd 
It, lie told them that he's [sic] Substance was all 
Spent iuv] unless they would make Contributions 
he could not goe on with his Design. Upon which 
the Inhabitants to the N- of GO SignVl it S: Gave 

'» -/(y" to £5 each. He as well 

as manv 

lilm fi 

others of them that Sign'd the said Power fre- 
quent :y ask'd me to Sign if I gave him nothing- 
he told me that ^P. Fallowiield had Sign'd & if 

Correspondence 279 

John Pye to the Trustees. 

I would he TTould xVnswer that his father would 
Use me never tlie Worse. I still Refused know- 
ing it to be Unjust and believeing that it was 
carried on against your Honours under Colours 
by those you Little Suspect.— The morning M' 
Stephens went away I was at his fathers House 
doing Business when & where he in presence of 
his father ask'd me if I would Sign or not, upon ^^^- Pye 

'^ ' -■■ abused by 

my answering in the Xegative lie call'd me sterhTns" 
names & Spoke severall untruths of me — upon hf'wol^id 
which I went to M". Jones & Parker and desired powe^r^" 

drawn up 

they would send for him to Clear my Character; ^^' ^^'"• 
the said Stephens tlio Sent for by them would 
not come, but gott into the Boat (liaveing a Per- 
mit from Fallowfield his Particular friend as 
well as to his Actions) & went away; — But be- 
fore he went away a Council (so calPd) to Cor- 
rispond with and Transmit to the affairs Trans- tvvm^ld. 
acted in this Colony was appointed in X^ equal 
to those Appointed by your Honours — ]\P. Fal- 
lowfield is not one of them, but is an Instrument 
(I am inform 'd) by whom they know all the 
affairs Transacted by the President & Assis- 
tants, which I Really 1)oUcve they send to Tho': 

As T cant prove the above by my own Oath, 
by Reason I have it from W. Ellis one that 
Sign'd the Power as afores'^ I hope it will be 
kept a Secret till your Honours hears it from 
other hands. If W Ellis was in Town I believe 
he would give his affidavit to Prove it.— A little (^^n''""^^^ 
while agoe I happen 'd to :\rention to one that >rr:"''i'!uiow. 
M\ Fallowfield Published the Debates of the '""'''■ 


Colonial Records 

John Pye to the Trustees. 

The act 
against the 

tion of 

A grant 
of land 
refused to 
Mr. Pye 
in favor 
of Samuel 

President aiul Assistants, the said Fallowfield 
hear^: of which to Clear himself, Alledged the 
same tilings against me, which the President and 
Assistants took Cognizance of the 19"*: Instant, 
as to my owning the thing as Mencond it is En- 
tirely false, and the only way to prove the whole 
Accusation false, is to send for the affidavit of 
any one r>son here nay even the Oath of the Pre- 
sident, or any one of the Assistants or all to- 
gether, T own VI to them that I sent to M' Jones 
the InclosM Letter as also an Indictment of the 
Grand Jnry of this Court against him; and if I 
did AVrong I humbly ask your Honours Pardon, 
whether or no that's Publishing the Debate I 
leave to your Tlon": to Judge. — 

Notwithstanding the Act against the Importa- 
tion of Pnm, as your Honours as well as Gen- 
era!] Oglethorj es Particular orders in that Case 
liKiih' and juovided Eum is frequently brought 
in here in Large Quantitj^'s & the Bills of Load- 
ing carried to the Collector— who instead of 
Doing liis Duty, helps them to Conceal it,— LP 
Fallowlield told me that Mackays Sloo]) (that 
came in here the other Day) had 60 odd Anchors 
or Board as ai»pear'd by the Bill of Loading and 
a few days after T was told by a Person (that he 
the said Falh)\viie]d told it to) that he had helpt 
or Putt th.iu in away to Conceal it. About 3 
Months a-oc I a])ply'd to the President and As- 
sist;ints f..r .-i Town Lott upon the Bay— They 
P.'fu^r<l it me .\c gave it to Samuel Clee a Single 
Lfan— On tllo-i'^ of this Instant I Petitiond 
them airaiii for a Tract of 500 Acres of Land on 


Wm. Elbert, Supposedly to the Trustees. 

the North side of Great Ogeechy Kiver (they 
haveing; before given Tracts to Men as undeserv- 
ing I humbly Conceive as my Self) I could not 
obtain a Grant or Lease, but prevaild on them, 
to Indulge me so farr as to Recommend the 
.affair to the Consideration of Your Honours. — 
As I have a Familly and am not likel}- to receive 
any favours from them ; I humbly Desire your 
Honours to Consider of the affair & if you think 
me worthy of such a Tract, to send me a Grant 
of the same, & if your Honours will be so Good 
to send orders for the payment of the Arears 
due to me: That I\Ioney will Enable me to Pur- 
chase Cattle to Stock the said Land which will 
Maintain me while I am Cultivating it. — I 
hope yours Honours will Excuse this freedome 
and Give me Leave to Subscribe my Self 
Your Hono\ Most Obliged 

w^- Dutifull Humble Serv\ 

Ju°.. Pve. 

To the Honourable the Trustees 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter FRor^r AV.m. Elbert, supposed to be to 
THE Trustees 20 April 1742. 

Honourable Gentlemen 

As I never gave you aney troble by writ^': 
or Othenvois Ho])o y'' Case here-in mention,d 
will be kindly reci'' : & Redress,d by your Hon- 


Colonial Records 

Wm. Elbert, Supposedly to the Trustees. 

at Fort 
under Capt. 
Jas. Mc- 

on Mr. 
part to 

ours — I Left my Native Cuntrey, England 
Veary young staid sometime in Carolina : from 
thence came to Georgia, in y^ : yere 32 About two 
months after y"": lirst setlers, some small time 
after married into one of y"" first forty fameleys 
Obtained a Lott of Esq"": Oglethorpe, and Bnlt 
a house thereon Confonnable to y^ Honours 
Charier, I serV^ : your Honours as Lieutenant at 
Fort: Argyle under Capt'": Ja^: M' :pherson, 
Better then two yeres, Com'mishon,d by y^: 
Esq': After which seiV: one yere as mesinjer 
to Cliorls: TowTi in Carolina— 

But as it is not posable to please all men kind, 
so it vras w' : M": Causton : on Ace' : of his neace : 
which i suppose Gentlemen you have heard of. 
Accuseing me of bringing Letters Contrary to 
his or hir Entrust: in which i could not Allow 
my guilty of: as it was not posable for me to 
know v.hat Letters I Eecived in Carolina; by 
which mens lie became my intire enemy and so 
has remain ,d seeking all Ocations to Euein Me 
and mine. 

About Fore or five years agoe: I Eeciv,d an 
Order on y-. Honours for 400 pounds Currencey 
of Car(>!inn, which is £5o: G^: 8"^: Sterl^': wliich 
has Ermain.d on paid tell Icnow: at y°: time I 
Recivedy": said Order. I paid it away in Caro- 
lina: which has been before your Honours in 
England: and sent Back: which I haveing had 
some small Acco^': sencs in y"": Honours stores 
here: not Exceeding Ten pounds sterl-^- W : 
Causton has charged me w'^ haveing fraudentley 
reciv,d y": said Order of 400 pounds Carolina 


Wm. Elbert. Supposedly to the Trustees. 

Curencey : of y : Honours : you are senceable y^ : 
Commishonors Certitied thirty two pounds 
some odd mon,y sterl*^: to be paid by y"": Hon- 
ours in England : wliicli they say i have reciv,d 
But god and y'". Honours knows I never apply'd 
home to you for it Thaire is an apperiant mis- 
take of an Over charge in y^: store Books of 
fore pounds fore shillings sterP: which was 
Charg,d twice Over. But how far M': Causton 
has or may write to y' Honours against me i 
dont know: but as i am a poor man must rely 
intirely on y' Bounty and goodness : I could say 
a greate: Deal more on y^: subject But am not 
willing to prove teadious to y': Honours there 
fore shall in as few words as posable relate y^: 
Eemander: I had agreed to Come to England 
and was to a had twelve pounds sterl^: for y® 
Voige which is more than i can posablely git 
here in y'' : time being no trade which M' : Caus- 
ton in a Molishious manner Apply,d and Desir,d 
i mout be stopt and i was obliged to give 
sucurety to Appere Next Cert : i Avas willing to 
a given sucurety for y®: B^: of y^: Order but all 
my Entreates could not prevale: i further 
offer, d to obliged my self to a paid y^ Honours 
England: my Hole dcsigne in comeing was to a 
got a grant from y' Honours for a track of Land. 
I pertition'^ y^ Councle here for: which thay pro- 
miss, d to refar to y"" Honours AVhicli i hope you 
will out of goodness gront: the fifty Acres of 
Land allready grouted me: Being Land not 
posable to make aney thing ofe from it: my 

desigrns in 
coming to 
the Colony. 

284 ; CoLoxiAL Eecoeds 

Wm. Elbert, Supi>osedly to the Trustees. 

forty five Acres being Low pine Barron and 
scruby Bay Bushes : and my five Acres a Deep 
swamp so deep y' a man must be up to liis arm- 
pits in clearing it — • 

My full intent is if y' Plonours should be 
pleased to gront y^ said Land to go w' my famely 
on it imediately : and Carry what small mater of 
stock i posable can git: had i came to England I 
perposed to a got some small matters of my 
f rinds a Broug' some serv'"; Back w*: me hope- 
ing y' Honours would a given me thaire paseg" 
and Allowd me some small incoregment to a 
lielped me for word at Begining : As i Live,d some 
time in Carolina Before i come there had y: 
Oppertunety of seeing planting from which I 
Beleave w': some incoregment: I can make it 
Answer my Expectation and to y' Honours 
satisfaction Jlis Exeylencey at y time I had 
my To^vn Lott promiss,d me all Incoregments 
y*: first forty fameley had a years provisions 
for self and wife: and all working tools: which 
J have neaver yet Eeciv,d But Hope y^ Hon- 
ours will take it so far into Considration as to 
gront it me now. which will be puting me for- 
Avard in goeing on y« Lands Before mentioned 
if grant": Y^ Honours will recive a Joynt porti- 
tion of fore of us a': a Plot of y^ Lajid we run 
out at Our Expence and troble. therefore hope 
(as we liave ben Old setlers here : and have been 
aty trobh' and Cost) Y' Honours will be pleas,d 
to grant : y" request Which for v^ gracious and 


Wm. Stephens to Harmari Verelst. 

kind considration on this: y^: Honours most 
Humble Serv' : will for Eaver be bound to pray 

Will™: Elber.t. 

Ap" : y^ : 20^^ : 1742 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter from Mr. Wm. Stephens to Mr. Hae- 
MAN Verelst Accotant to the Honble Trus- 

at their Office ■^ea.h the House of Lords at 

Savannah 20 Apr. 1742. 

The Bearer hereof, W. Joseph Avery, having 
some Affairs of his otvtl to transact in England, 
as he tells me; & being also desirous of waiting 
on the honourable Trustees, on occasion of the 
Map that he has lately drav/n of the Northern 
Division of this Province; which I sent ^ the 
Loyal Judith (Cap* Lemon) directed to you, for 
the Use of the Trust: he takes this opportunity, 
of goiug hence a Passenger in the Snow Hector, 
-Rogers Commander ; which has taken her load- 
ing of Pice, & other Goods in this River: and ;^f 'jXo' 
at his request I take the liberty of wnting a few vftuT 
lines to you, w^'" he conceives may be a means of 

Mr. Aveo' 
groins to 

286 ,' Colonial Records 

Edward Townsend to the Trustees. 

his being the more readily introduced: when he 
may also liope to be favourably heard, in var- 
ious i)roposals that he has to offer to that hon- 
ourable Board: which may be much better un- 
derstood from his own manner of delivery, than 
from any attempt of mine to unfold, in a short 
letter. If it is expected that I should enter into 
his Chai-acter: tis natural to imagine that the 
Duty I owe to tlie Trust, would not have allow'd 
me to ])ut that work into his hands ; unless I had 
been fully satisfyd of his abilitys to perform it; 
which I was the more convinced of, from the 
knowl(Hjge I had of him many years since: & I 
am in good Hopes the work he has done, will be 
well approved of. "What more he purposes to 
offer to their honours consideration, must be 
humbly submitted to their Judgment, I remain 

Your very liumble Servant 

Will : Stephens. 

(From 1^.. P. K. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 
LEriEii FicoM Edw^. Townsend to the IIonble 


OF Geouolv IX A:\iekica. a. Thatr Oifice in 
Old Pal'-^"^ Yard in Westminster, London. 

Honourable Gentlemen 

As 1 1 lav.' Bin in y« : Colony all most from y" : 
First >v{V: and have neaver bin troblesome to 



Edward Townsend to the Trustees. 

of land. 

one of 
the forty 

you in writ^: hope yo': kindley Recive tins and 
grant y*": request Eoquired: I have portition y^: 
Councle for a track of Laud as yo': see w': a 
Joy' plot and portion: I had a gront from 
Esquir Oglethorpe for One Plundered Acres of a request 

i ^ ^ ^ for a errant 

Land on Tibee which is ^YeH loiow to be nothiui 
but a sandy Soile: and Experiantley known y': 
it yealds not sufficiant to answer y^: treble 
thare on Bestoed at y^ time I had y^ grant of y^ 
said Land had y® : promiss from Esq"" Oglethorpe 
of a twelve mo(nths) provisions for my self and 
famely: which as I married one of y^: forty 
"Widows: Consisted of five in famely: And 
was to a had all manner of work: tools for 
plantation work : but : never yet Reciv,d Either, 
for applying after was Refus'd by ]\P: Causton 
Here, told me he did not know y\ i had Either 
Title to them or y^ Land ; Notwithstanding some 
small time before had Charged me in y^ store 
Book for y": Expence on survay of y^: said 
Land : which I ^[torn] Which as I have never 
yet Had a form and posetive title to aney Land 
y^ Colony hop [torn] yo' : groiit: y' Land I par- 
titioned y' Councle for: to inable me y^: better 
to go on y^ : said Lands Hope yo' : grant y° : said 
provisions : formerly promissed me as I En- 
ter,d as soon as granted : to go imediately on it 
niy famely and Carrey what stock and improve 
y said Land as far as in my power shall Be 

We have at a Joynt Expence Run y^: said 
Lauds, which Hope as I have b[torn] at 5^' Ex- 
pence and Troble yo' : Be so good as to grant it 
me: which I am fathfullv ashured w^ some 

288 • CoLONi.\L Records 

Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

small incoredgment to make it answer my Ex- 
pectation and to y' Ilonoui's satisfaction 

AVhich Y' Honours most gracious and kind 
Complyance to y^ Above Request : will Oblige y' : 
Humble Serv': to Be in Duty Eaver Bound to 

Edw^ : Townsend 

Ap": y": 21= 

(From B. P. B. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter from Mr. Thos Jones to Mr. Harm.\x 


Frederica 26 April 1742 

I sent you, ^ Mine of 23' October, a Short 
Acco' of some Transactions in Georgia, about 
the Time of our last Midsumer: Moon; and in- 
tended (as I had Oportunity) to have continued 
to send you a further Relation of such Matters 
which Colo" Stephens (to whom I always shewd 
what I wrote) had not taken Xotice of in his 
Journal, or Letters to the Trust. 

The Designs fonnd by Our Male- Contents, 
were then in their Infancy, and warily man- 
aged; But Since that fmhshed Politician, their 

Hi.fl H.< 


Correspondence 289 

Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

Mr. Thos. 



of as a 



Col. Steph- 
ens' son haa 
great In. 
over him. 

late Manager in England, (]\P Tho^ Stephens) 
appoard among Us; they have been more op- 
enly avowed. 

Yon may remember That I wrote unto you 
(above Two Years past) Somewhat to this Pur- 
port; That if that Young Gentleman (whose Be- 
havior while here, had been very sing-ular) 
came again to Savannah, I requested (from y' 
time) to have no further Concerns with Colon" 
Stephens in Affairs of the Trust; Having found, 
That his Son had So great an Influence over him 
as to oblige him to Say and Do, things contrary 
to his wonted & Seeming Natural Disposition 
to Truth and Justice. (The Copy of what I then 
wrote I have not now by me) 

The Solemn Protestations made, & assurances 
given me, by Colon" Stephens (Soon after, and 
Since often by him repeated) That he would on 
all Occasions, for the future, without Eeserve, fol\'n 

/I • Jones. 

Advise and assist me m every matter (wherein 
the Interest of the Trust, and Good of the 
Colony was concerned) so effectually prevail'd 
on my (perhaps too credulous) Disposition 
That 1 would not allow the least Suspitious 
Thought (whatever Occasion I've had to judge 
otherwise) of the Colonell's Sinceiity— 

I think it necessary, (in order to explain Af- 
ter - Events) for me to relate what hath come jr^'^^./j^l^J 
to my Knowledge of ^i'- Tho: Stephens his «^,JS. 
Tour in America, And of his Adventures there, Amedca 

' and hl3 

this last Autumn — M' Stephens had held a adventures. 
Correspondence by Letters (from his first Ar- 

tions made 
by Col. 



Colonial Eecords 

Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. IlaiTnan Verelst. 

A letter 
from Tom 

Sir Robert 

the inh.ib. 
Itants of 
the Colony 
that they 
were being 
by the 

rival ill London from hence) with liis Father, 
M"" Parker, ]\Iarcer, Bro^Yuiield — I never coukl 
obtain the Knowledge of what he wrote to them 
about; excepting One Letter of his, which M' 
Parker shewd me ; One Paragraph of w^^ Let- 
ter, I recited (as near to his words as I coukl re- 
tain them in my Memory) in my Letter to M^ 
Jolin Lyde, w"" came addressed to you (Please 
in reading to avoid the Blunder comitted in 
writing the next page) 

Li August last Colon" Stephens acquainted 
me That be Jiad received a Letter from his Son 
Tom; And then read unto me a i)art thereof, 
wherein the Young Manager mentions his own 
Assiduity c^' Paines in serving the Publice, And 
That Sir Pob'. Walpole was to be discarded. 
Tlint the IToiiso of Comons had voted An Ad- 
dross to his Majesty for that Purpose 

I was told (soon after) That M^ Tho : Steph- 
ens was arrived at Charles Town, where he 
tarried about Six Weeks, and then came to 
SavajKili — Tils Father (having not room at his 
own ilousi') ]>rovided a Lodging for him at 
Thomas Fpton's. 

The next day (after his Arrival) he began 
(in inirsuance of his latent Comission) to visit 
the liiliahitants, persuading them That they had 
been injuriously treated by the Trustees, who 
had kept from them what was their Plight, tS: 
what had been given them by the Government. — 
That if they would appoint him their Agent, 
lie would without any Expenee or Charge to 

Correspondence 291 

Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Haiman Verelst. 

them undertake to redress their Grievances, and 
procure those Advantages to them from the 
King and Parliament, which they could not ob- 
tain of the Trustees, who had Slighted all the 
Remonstrances made on their Behalf to them. 

Within few Days after, The Inhabitants had 
Notices senthem to meet M'- Tho": Stephens, xotices 
Matthews, Fallowfield, at Morell's (an Un- fn"regard 

, to meeting 

licensed Punch house) to represent their Griev- ?» ^e heid 

' ^ in an un- 

ances, and to consider of Ways and Means to pSncff'^ 
free themselves from the Oppression which they 
now laboured under from the Trust — The Peo- 
ple met accordingly; where M': Tho: Stephens 
(As President of the assembly) recounted their 
many hardships, for AVant of Rum, Negroes, 
Free Tenures of Land, And tiieir being lyable 
to repay to the Trust those Sums of money 
w'\ had been advanced to v™, — His Speech met ^^r. Tho?. 


with Applause, And all present Sigiid a Comis- pk^uSd^"" 
sion (by him before prepared) Authorizing him 
to Act for them and in their Names — Then the 
Assembly (at the President's Instance) elected 
(by Vote) live of their Number to be his Assis- 
tants, (under the Stile of Correspondent Alem- 
bers), \lz^ Andrew Duclie AVilliam Ewen, 
Thomas Ormiston, William AVoodroffe, and 
John Syndall — The Comission, nor the Rep- 
resentation of Grievances then agreed on, and 
Signed, I could not procure a Copy, or the Sight 
of, But may have been sent to the Trust by W. 
Fallowfield (who Signed them) or by Colon'^ 
Stephens Parker or Marcer to M'liom thev were 

'^r/ ,(r-.VKl 


Colonial Kecords 

Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

with op- 
I^ressiiifC and 
tlie people 
of their 




Shewn by the Aj^ent, (attended by his Corres- 
pond' Member:?.) 

This Brief Aeeo' of the Affair; is founded on 
what has been told me, by one of the Subscrib- 
ers, (since withdrawn from them) as well as by 
Comon Eeport; xVnd also from a Conversa- 
tion 1 had with M^- Tho: Stephens at his 
Father's House, and in his hearing — AVhen 
the Young Gentleman (with Eash & Coarse 
Language) charged the Trustees vr*-^ Oppress- 
ing aud defi-auding the People of their Rights— 
That the Trustees had kept from them, and mis- 
ai)ply'd a great part of the ]\loney given them 
by Parliament for the People's Use— The 
Colonell perceiving that I was offended at his 
Son's Talk, comanded him to be silent. I then 
told Col" Stephens, (and hinted the Same 
often to W Parker) That if he could not pre- 
vail with his Son, to depart from y^ Colony, or 
to behave otherwise — I could not answer to the 
Trust. The suffering him thus to disturb the 
Peace, and to revile the Trustees, And to as- 
sume an Authority of convening & forming 
Assemblies, and of appointing Officers contrary 
to all (lood Order & Law; The Colonell replyd 
with much Warmth, That I might as well then 
take a Pistol and shoot him thro the Head; 
For if liis Son sliould be confined or any ways 
molested in this Colony 'twould Soon end his 
Days— and further said That his Son tho' (to 
his Grief) ill advised, and carried his Eesent- 
meiits too far; yet would not be guilty of any 
mean action, or tell a False thing— That he 

Correspondence 293 

Mr. Thos. Jones to IMr. Haiman Verelst. 

luid faithfully proiais(>d to shew unto him what- 
ever was proposed and concluded on at their 
Meetings and would conceal nothing from 
him — 

I was at the Colon'"^ House, next morning 
when his Son desired he would give him some 
money to bear his Expeuce, For that he was 
going Up the River; He went accordingly that 
day for Ebenezer— His Business there, and 
what Success he had therein W. Bolzius assur- 
ed me, he would give the Trust an Acco' of; 

As soon as the Agent returned from thence 
to Savannah, The Inliabitants were again Sum- rsain''^um. 
oned to attend him, at Morell's, w^here One of meeung^° ^ 
the xVssistants, represented to them, That as 
they had good Eeason to expect Great Advant- 
ages, from their Agent's Managem'. of their 
Case in England: But as that Service could 
not bo attended on by him, without a Consider- 
able Expence & Charge, as well as Trouble — 
He therefore hoped that no Person (then pres- 
ent) would be backward in contributing towards 
so necessary an Expence — The Motion was 
ap))roved, some subscribed for Five Pounds, 

, p Subscrip- 

some Four, some Three pounds, others lor tions^mnae 

lesser sums— The day following. Three of the J}^;^^^ 

Agent's xVssistants went with the Subscribed 

Roll about the Town, in Order to collect the 

sums Subscribed, and to procure Contributions 

from the other Constituents, who were absent at 

their last meeting; From some of the poorer 

sort they took lialf a Crown, being the least 

Sum they would Accept of— This ^lethod 


I-; lT.t>! ,f)S70-iqqp. 

294 Colonial Kecokds 

Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

taken to levy Money (After the Agent had 
promised, before ho had obtain,d his Comission, 
to manage Gratis,) Occasioned great Murmer- 
ings, And also strife and Discord Tn Some 
Families, whereby many of their Private Con- 
sultations were made Public, — I could not 
procure a List of the Subscriptions, But by 
comon Eeport, There was above Sixty Pounds 
collected in Georgia, and a much larger Sum in 
Carolina. Several among us Contributed who 
would not sign y^ Comission. I can with great 
Certainty affirm, (If y^ acco' given me is true) 
That excepting Seventeen pounds (given by 
four persons) of that sum — Not one of the 
other Contributors had, at any One Time, since 
they resided in Georgia the Comand of so much 
Money as they then bestowed, and are now in- 
debted to tlie Trusts 

The Agent (not discouraged at his bad suc- 
cess in Ebenezer) was now resolved to try what 
he could do at y* Southward, & hired John Pen- 
rose's Boat to carry him to the Darien — I ac- 
quainted the Colonell w'*' his Son's Design. And 
told him That I should be obliged to dispatch a 
Messenger to Frederica, & acquaint the Gen- 
eral w"' his Design. The Colonell (as he in- 
formed me Since) found much Difficulty in 
dissuading him from his intended Journey, by Dangerous 

to go to a 

representing how dangerous it would be for ^''i',';f.?" 

ful in 

him to go on Such an Errand, to a place so near 
to y* General, who would certainly cause him to 
be aprehended, and confine him, which if the 
General did, 'twould soon end liis Father's 

near the 

Correspondence 295 

Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. . 

Days. — Colon" Stepliens at length prevailed 
Av"" liim, to desist from that Enterprize, And 
two Days after he sot out for Charles Town — 

The Correspond'. Members held their fre- 
quent Meetings at Morell's (after his De- 
parture) as a Court of Assistants) And, in a 
fortnight's Time after, dispatchd One of their 
Members, (Will: Ewen, Servant to Matthews, 
who Colon" Stephens used to call, Ad-omnia- 
Paratus,) to Charles Town; He returned from 
thence w'^ Letters from y Agent to his Corres- 
pond' ]^[embers and at the Same time bro't a 
Letter fi'om Tho'. Stephens to his Father, re- 
comending him (Ewen) to his Favour, and de- 
siring, his Father, to appoint him his Secre- 
tary for the Indian Affairs, or otherwise to pro- 
vide for him — Ewen Says, The Colonel! hath 
jn'omised to Serve him, and, for some time 
aftoi-, had great Expectance of that Employ— ^.''ifo^,^^^,?,"' 
However That may be, It is observed, That once^'de^ 
Ewen, whom Colon" Stephens used to Avoid, looK-ed upon 

in anothtr 

and even detest for his Vile Behavior, is now ^'s'^'- 
lookd on in another Light, 

If I may be allowed, to declare my own Senti- 
ments — I am inclined to believe; That Col" ^^^^ 
Stephens (who at tliat time was desirous of ftmufie^' 
liaving Xegroe>, & some other Alterations of the'^useof 

"" negroes. 

the then Settlement) had instructed his Son 
(when he went for England in 1739) to prose- 
fute that affair, Amous,- other ]\[atters, as par- 

' ' ^ Resentment 

ticularly, his Resentments towards General cen. ^ogie-''^ 
f>glethorpe; for not treating liim as a Gentle- ^*"'''' 

Jiian which treatment Colonell Stephens often 

by Col. 


296 • CoiONiAL Eecords 

Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

Mr. Thos 

declared lie could not forget, uor aiiglit his son 
to forgive Whether I was worthy of that Gen- 
tleman's Notice, and came in for a share of his 
Resentments, (I know not) for my having ac- 
quainted the General, w"^- W Tho: Stephens's 
Desigii to Seize the King's Stores (then at 
Savannah) for his own Use, and of his ohtain- 
ing a Warrant from M^ Christie for that pur- 
serze""Kins's pose— Which was the Occasion of his Excel- 

stores. J 

lencys sending for M*" Stephens and reproving 
him for his Eash Attempt — 

But I never imagined, Colon" Stephens had 
directed, or in tlie least countenanced, his Son, 
in the Opi)osition made by him to the Trus- 
sSphen.s tees, haviug often heard the Colonell declare 
appro\-:u^of Lis Hislikc of his Son's Conduct tlieiein, Of 
conduct. ]i]^ aliettiug Eobert Williams, And of his carry- 
ing his Eesentmcnts to far — Whether W- 
Stfi)]iens by his Letters, or in Conference with 
his leather, at Savannah, hath justified his 
Conduct, so as to induce the Colon" to approve 
thereof; Time and Events may discover. 

Coh:)nell Stejjhens told me, (some few Days 
after W '\lw Stephens's arrival) That his Son 
hm] b-'cn canicstly persuading him to a Eecon- 
ciliatiou with Douglas, Anderson, & Associates 
in Charles Town engaging for them; That they 
shouhl make him honorable Amends, for the 
Calumnies they had published against him in 
their Narrative. But declared, he would not be 
content witli any Eetraction they should make 
of their Falshoods, published against him alone. 
He told mo further, That his Son had a very 


Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harmaii \'eielst. 

contemptible Opinion of Doctor Tellfair, As a 
Proud, Obstinate, Silly Coxcomb — The Acco' 

A con. 


I receiv'd (Some time after) of these Overtures !»■• Teiifkir. 

as a pioud, 

made, towards a Eeconcilyation, was Somewhat "Jxco'nilf 
different — That W- Thomas Stephens engaging 
to y^ Confederates (at Charles Town) to per- 
suade his Father to joyn with them to ruin me. 
They promised, publickly to Acknowledge, by a ah wining 
Writing under their Hands, Their mistake in fiicts'ln"^^ 

"^ iiafiativo 

those Facts which they had in their Narrative ^^"-qI^"^ 
charged Colonell Stephens with— But That fl'o'iirT>r. 
Doct'. Tellfair would not consent to y' Propo- 
sall, Saying, Ilis Hand should sooner rot off; 
than he would retract what he had once Signed. 
(This Aeco^ I gave little Credit to, not relying 
on y^ Truth of Charles- Town Reports)— What 
Progress W Stephens made at Charles Town 
(after hi? Eeturn thither) in the Reconcilia- 
tion: affair I am yet ignoiant of. 

I might enlarge, by relating other Instances 
of M"" Stephens his Behavior while among us, "^'ther in- 

^ ■ '-' stances 

which shall defer untill I know the Trustees Stephens' 
Pleasure — If what I have mentiond deseiwes ^^'''^^■*'"■• 
their Honors Xotice, and further Enquiry into, 
I question not, my being able to Support what 
I have now declared (as to y® Substance) by in- 
disputable Proofs. 

Their Honours have been made acquainted 
w''^ the Part M^ Henry Parker acted (in Con- Ju'lwnry 
junction w"^ the Baronet M' Xorris, Fallowfield pi'aved in 

' proinotins 

•S: Associates) in promoting the Scheme, then Hfj-ifin'the^ 
on foot, to ruin this Colony; but doubting the •"'''""•■ 
Success, he Seemed afterwards, for a While, to 

-^S ■ Colonial Eecords 

Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harmun Verelst. 

repent of y' Undertaking, c^- promising Colonell 
Stephens to be more circumspect for the future, 
discovered unto him some of their tlien In- 
trigues, as may appear by the ^Ulidavit, drawn 
by himself, & sworn to before me, which Col"^ 
Stepliens assured me he hath already trans- 
mitted to the Trust— but least the same should 
andn/o/e ^^;^^'c mlscarried I've herewith sent a Copy— 
fa^gJ'.fu's ^'^'t after W- Tlio: Stephens had produced a 

by°Mr?'Thos. ~ ^o^^ertcd, and more advantageous 

Stephens. ' Sclicme ; whereby not only the Advantages in 
}' former Schemes, Of Negroes, Eum and Fee- 
of'tml'^^" ^'^^^n^'^ ^^'^i'<^ to be procured- But also, A 
IchTnTe. S})unge to \\ipe off all Debts due to y*^ Trust, 

And the Benefit of Sharing, what remain 'd of 
the Trusts' Effects in the Colony, among thera- 
Mr. Parker sclvcs, was prouiis'd, 'M^ Parker renews his 
Sf?%' ^^''■"''^'" -^l^i'-i^i^-^^ ^ith ^r-- Fallowfield, in Xovem- 
FaiiowueM. )„.,. !.,,(, Aud liatli cvcr Since been more assid- 
uous & oiien, in promoting the Stephanian- 
moVe^^.p':-.?/" ►^'•^5'^^"i^-> than any other, his Coadjutors.— It 
the^s'^Tphan': ^^''i}' i"<leed seem inconsistent, That W Parker 

Ian scheme. i i i t ci^^^l 

siiould discover, and make Oath of what passed 
betu-eeu him .^- Fallowfield in July last, after 
this New- Alliance had comenced— To explain 
Ills Ccn.Iiict tlierein— M^ Parker, in Julv last, 
(lodging One Xight at Tisdale's in the" same' 
Poom with M^ Patric Houston) came in Drunk, 
^j p ^ ^'^^ ''■^'"■^' ^""^■■■5 1'^ is usually ven' talkative aiid 

rHCe" ^'"'"''^ """'^ '''^^^^"''^^ *^ ^^' Houston the Substance 

of^affidavit of what IS coutaiu'd in his Affidavit. .AP Hous- 

•^-nk. ton came (next moi-ning) and acquainted me w^^ 

what ]\arker had said— I comimicated what 

Correspondence 299 

Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

I had hoard, to Col" Stephens and desired him 
to enquire of M'. Parker into the Truth of what 
he had related — Col". Stephens (some days 
after) told me, That M'. Parker had in Writ- 
ing, what he designed to depose on Oath, before 
me, concerning that Matter, & which he would 
bring with him, y^ next time he came to Town ; 
I frequently afterwards asked Col" Stephens 
the Eeason of M' Parker's Delay, w'^ I much 
wond'red at — About Christmas last I said to 
Colon" Stephens. That y'' Conversation M"" 
Parker had w'^ S"" Eich^ Evorard & M^ Fallow- 
field, last Sumer (as related by him to M' Hous- 
ton & since to him (Col" Stephens), I judged 
necessary to be made known to the Trustees, 
But as M^ Parker seemd to decline it, I should 
give an Acco' thereof to his Excellency Gen" 
Oglethorpe and procure Isl' Houston, (then at 
Frederica) to testify the Acco' of what M' 

Parker had told him — Soon after M' Parker written de- 

•came to me with his written Deposition, but did 
not consent I should keep a Copy thereof. 

I came from Savannah y^ 2'^ January — On 
my way hitlier I had a message sent me by One ^om^o^l® 
of .AP Tho: Stei^hens's Subscribers That W £!\£- 
Pallowiield, (now acting as Vice-President at 
the Board of Assistants meeting at Morells) 
had (with his usual profane Eloquence) told 
them. That, That Old Rogue Jones was short- 
ly to go for Frederica, to the General, from 
whence he could not return before the Court 
aijpointed to be held in January— That he 
would promise to ^et a Grnnd Jurv, to be then 


Colonial. Kecords 

Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Hannan Verelst. 

The pre- 
serving of 

opinion in 
to the 
claimed by 

Mr. Jones 
Indicted for 

empanclld, who should go on with that Business, 
& finisli the Enquirys, which Jones had pre- 
vented the last Grand Jury, in July, from doing. 

I (by Letter) acquainted Col" Stephens with 
the Message I had rece^ desiring him to Shew 
what I then wrote to ]\P. Parker (of which have 
no Copy) but to the best of my memory, I 
therein i-ecomended to them the preserving the 
public Tranquility, And considering the Fer- 
ment (lately stirred up) the People were now 
in, And that as there were no Criminal Matters 
(yet known) to be brot before the Court, which 
w^. require a Grand Jury to be sumoned— 
And also, That we expected 'ere long to Eeceive 
the Trust's Opinion in Reference to the Power 
claimed by our Grand Juries. I was of Opinion 
That a Grand Jury was not necessary for y^ 
Service, at y"" Ensuing Court ; As there had been 
none, at any other Court held Since July — In 
wdiich Opinion I hoped M' Parker would con- 
curr w^^ me; — I rece'* no Answer nor a Line 
from Col" Stephens, nntill the 20'^ February 
following at w'^ time his Letter of y** IS'*". 
(Copy of ^^^^ you receive) was deliver 'd me 
(tho' Several Boats had arrivd at Frederica, 
from Savannah in that time, which had brot 
Letters to liis Excellency & to others from Col" 
Stephens)— About y* 3"^ February, I heard, 
That ^V Hawkins reported in Frederica, That 
Col" Stephens, (by Letter) had informd him, 
Of y" Grand Jury there, their indicting me for 
Felony at their last Court — Which lveix)rt, I 
did not regard, nor give anv Credit to; Till two 

Correspondence 301 

Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Ilarman Verelst. 

Days after, That other Boats from Savannah 
arrived, w^^ confirmed that Report — ^M"" 
Francis Moor also rece*^ a Letter from Col" 
Stephens, acquainting him, That his Friend M"" 
Jones Stood indicted for Felony — And soon 
after, M^ Hahersham (from the Orphan House) 
came to wait on v^ General (who together with sham and' 

Mr. Barber 

M"" Barber had been presented by the Same fjl^'f^.^^^ 
Grand Jury And then tried before the Court, 
ui^on two Indictm'', Found Guilty, And had re- 

eeiv'd Judgm') — M' Habersham said. That denied 

they had been denied Copys of their Indictra*', or/ndict. 

And of the Proceedings of the Court thereon, proceedings 

^ ' of court. 

& had been menaced by the Court for their de- 
manding the Same; whereby they were rendr- 
ed incax^able of Appealing to the Trustees. — 

I then wrote, to a Friend at Savannah, desir- 
ing him, in my Name, & Behalf, to demand of 
the Recorder, a Copy of y^ Record of the In- 
dictment (if any) against me — And to tell the 
Recorder, His Refusall thereof, would be at 
his own Peril — The Recorder (tho Straitly 
charg'd by the Bayliffs to y^ Contrary) adven- 
tured to deliver the enclosed Copy of an In- 
dictm^; (w'^ indeed seem'd to me rather a Libell 
against some person unknown) — I then wrote 
to Col" Stephens, made Some Remarks on this 
Paper, I had receivd from y* Recorder, &: men- ^^^ ^^^^.j 
tion'd My Surprize, at y^ Court's receiving it a^Tiitams 
from the Jurv — I am inform 'd, That the Pre- k" recorder 

. " for giving 

sident & Assistants were greatly offended at y" °^^j„.*^°p^ 
Recorder's giving the Copy M^ Parker said, ^'■^•""^«"*- 
That it might be a Means for my running away, 


Colo XI AL Records 

Mr. Tho3. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

facts of 
a very 
sent the 

and escaping from Justice — This, together 
witli Tlie Recorder's writing to me the Letter, 
(lierew'^ sent yon, to \\'^ I gave no Answer) w'^ 
a List of Fees; (by way of Tax on the Inhabi- 
tants towards better maintaining the Bailiffs) 
drew npou liini, a very heavy Censure, from the 
President and Assistants, for divulging their 

I am informd (by a Gentleman lately come 
from Savannah) That the President and As- 

An accusa- 

Mr^j'oS''' sistants have publicly reported, tliere That 
they have Sent to the Trust, An Accusation ag- 
ainst me concerning Facts of a very Criminal 
Nature, The jjarticulars of which (as he had 
related to him by some of that Board), he men- 
tioned to me. — But as I cannot depend upon 
Hear - Says, and have not heard before of any 
Such Accusation (as now related) nor hath 
Colo" Ste])heus mentiond or hinted any Such 
matter in any Letter to me (Copys of ^y'^ have 
sent herewith, As also one Letter I sent him) 
I shall not trouble you on that Subject, untill I 
have been at Savannah, and am better inform- 
ed.. Allow me only to add, That Should it appear 
That there has been Sucli an Accusation form- 
ed against me or any Such report Spread 
abroad; I shall depend, on the President 
and assistants, their acknowledging their Mis- 
take: »lc clearing me from any charge of Guillt 
therein — Unless (pardon y' Supposition) Men 
have bid Adieu, to their Pieputation & Honour 
and are void of Shame, on a Consciousness of 
Doincr Kvil — 

A su 


A frame up 

Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Hannan Verelst. 

1 am informed That the President's Assis- 
tants, and M' Stephens's Assistants at Morell's, 
are nuauimons in this Kesoiution (as well as 
in other Designs) to prosecute the affair of the 
Indictment at the next Court against me to an 
Outlawiy, and having me proscribed, to Seize 
my Effects in the Colony, Some of whicli they 
have Secured (I hear) and got possession of agarnst" 

, r^. -r- ^Ir. Jones. 

already— ^Vhen One told them lately That I 
had declared, I would be at y* next Court M"" 
Fallowficld (with a profane Oath) avowed, If I 
attempted to Sit on the Bench in the Court, He 
would dragg or pull me down, M*" Matthews 
swore (as did others in Company) That if he 
did not, or could not do it, They would— CoP 
Stephens was pri\'>^ to, or knows of this Talk 
which he has related to others. 

I have been told of other more outrageous 
Contrivances threatned to be put in Execution outrageous 

'■ contriv- 

against me — w'^'^ having no Certainty of, shall ^."^^s. 
forbear to mention— I trust God ^vill restrain 
their Malice, and in his due time, confound their 
Devices against y^ Welfare of y"' Colony. 

The Accounts I have given, I know, must be 
Surprizing, and may be deemed Incredible, As 
it would have been (in my Esteem) had it been 
told me some Months past — Yet, a few Months 
more, Other and more Surprizing Events will 
flow from this new Scheme (if I am not greatly 

If in delivering my Mind, I have used any 
rude or unguarded Expressions, I hope to be 

304 Colonial Records 

Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

pardoned therein (having never Studied or Ac- 
customed myself to a polite way of Speaking or 
Writing, and abhorring Dissimulation and 
Double Entendres 

His Excellency, General Oglethorpe, has been 
pleased to order Lieu^ Hugh Mackay (who is a 

Lieut. Hugh 
ordered to 

MrTo^n^'r Gentleman well known, and a Freeholder, in the 

to Savannah. 

Colony) to accompany me to Savannah — I be- 
ing desirous of having Some Such person pres- 
ent, at the meeting of our Court who might ob- 
serve, and I hope allay the Ferment — We pur- 
pose to Set out to morrow for Savannah — Our 
Court is appointed to be held the First day of 
^fay — I am with humble Duty to their Hon- 
ors, The Trust^ 


Your very humble Serv'. 

Tho Jones 

To W Harman Verelst 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Leitkk from ;Mk. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman 

Frederica 27'*' April 1742 

I had not Sealed my Letter of Yesterday's 
Date to you when another Chamber of the Mine 

Correspondence 305 

Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

Sprang, w'^ Shall take this Oportimity to give 
YOU Some Account of. — 

About 7 this morning, "William Moore, One 
of the Constables came to my Lodging, w^^ a ^^^^^^^^^^ 
Message (as he said) from D". Hawkins & Cal- 

H aw kins 
and Mr. 

well, requiring me forthwith to appear before brought by 

them at M' Calwells House— I told Moore That 
I was then busy, and had no Leisure to attend 
on them (The Boat waiting for me) But if they 
would come to me, or, let me know their 
Pleasure, I would Send them an Answer; Moore 
replyed— I beg, Sir, You will come with me, 
now, Otherwise a Warrant will be issued 
against you, on Acco' of M'. Calwell's Salary, 
which you have not paid him. I reply'd, They 
may issue their Warrant, if they please, but 
they must be expeditious therein, for I intend 
to be gone from hence within this hour — I went 
imediately to the Stores, to M"" Marriot, (for 
the Copy of an Acco^ which he had promised 
to get ready for me) I was no Sooner there, but 
M' Moore (Constable) came and deliver 'd me 
the (enclosed) Sumons, '\Aniich, having perused, 
I desired Moore to tell Doct". Hawkins, That I 
was before One of y'' Bayliffs, where he might 
come and exhibit his Complaint against me — 

M' Calwell then came in, T asked him, What 
he meant by the ^lessage he had Sent me by M' 
^[ool•e — And whether I was ever indebted to 
him in any Sum of Money whatever, Calwell 
replyd — I demand my Salary ; which you shall 
pay me before I shall let you go from Freder- 
i<^a — I desired him to explain his meaning. And 


A summons 
delivered to 
Mr. Jones. 

Mr. Calwell's 

3^ Colonial Records 

Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

Mr. Calwell's 

declare what Salarj^ he demanded of me ; Had 
I ever employd him, or promised hijii any Re- 
ward 01- Salary. He answered, No, but the 
Tru.stcGs have, And Colon'^ Stephens has Sent 
us Word, That The Trustees have sent you 
money to pay us— and wonders you shou'd 'de- 
tain our ]\roney. I desired he would produce 
Col" Stephens's Letter; He said That the Col" 
wrote so to Doctor Hawkins— I then Said— ^,l\ 
Calwell, it appears by the Books of Acco^ kerA 
at the Store here (w^-^ if you please, Shall be 
Sent for) That You Stand greatly indebted to 
the Trust, and would you (like the Child) cry 
to have your Cake, that you had eaten .Ap 
Calwell Said They had not done him Justice in 
those Aceo- But that he had drawn out an 
Acco' last Year, which I stole from him, and 
took it away with me, he l^eliev'd, on purpose to 
cheat hiju. 

Note : AVhen I was at Frederica, the last Year ; 
M^ Calwell desired I would allow AVilliam 
Russell (then with me) to assist him in 
d^rawing out his Acco' with the Ti-ust- 
Russell accordingly writ the Acco' as :\P 
Calwell directed him, Which A ceo' M^ Cal- 
well delivered me (the day after)— I found 
therein large Credits taken, (besides his 
Salary as Bayliff) for his Services, as Over- 
seer of the Works, Engineer, Survevor, 
Overseer of Trust's Servants, Hire of his 
Boat, during the Expedition .^-c Manv of 
which, I then told him. The Trustees were 
not concerned in; However, 1 told him 

Correspondence 307 

Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

That (if lie pleased) I would take tlie Acco' 
and lay it before the Comissioiiers, but 
that they would expect Certificates of his 
Service, and other Vouchers for his De- 
mands — He seemd unwilling to have y*' 
Acco* examind %-^ y^ Comm'"^ 

I then produced the Acco' which he had given 
me, last Year, By which he acknowledged him- 
self to be then iudebted upwards of Thirty 
Pounds to the Trust, (supposing his Claim of 
Credit was allowd,) And deducting One Years 
Salary: there yet remaind a Ballance due from 
him of £.15. ^l' Calwell said he had other De- 
mands, which he had forgot then to Set down; 
particularly, for executing the 0!!ice of Bp.yliff 
before Michaelmas 1739 — Besides, he had in this 
Account made himself Debtor for the Servants 
he had of Cap' Thomson, to whom he was ac- 
countable, and not to the Trustees, I told him 
That I would then Acco' with him on that Foot- 
ing and Shewd his Bond given to Thomson; 
And Cap' Thomson's Letter of attorney, em- 
powering me to receive the Same. — 

In the mean while 'M' Hawkins came, and de- 
manded of me the Payment of Twenty Pounds £■ ' af'^' 

due to him for Interest (at y^ Eate of Ten ^ 
Cent) of Money, which had been long owdng him 
From the Trustees, »S: which they had detaind 
from him. to his great Detriment; I asked him. 
If he had any further Demand to make — He ans- 
wered That he had a Demand of above Fifty 
Pounds, w'^ the Trustees had disallowed in his 



CoLoxiAL Records 

Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

Mr. Jones' 
to Mr. 

Mr. ^^oore, 
take Mr. 
Jone.s to 
log huu5<c 


A warrant 
for the 
arrest of 
Mr. Jones 
-sworn out. 

Acco'. (tliro my Means) For Colon" Stephens 
had writ to him Tliat he thought his Acco' was 
very reasonable, and just, and ought to be paid 
him, but that I had Suggested Somew' to y« 
Trust, which occasion 'd their disallowing the 
Aceo'. :\IT Hawkins repeated this charge ag' mo 
(near in the Same AVords aftei-wards, in the 
General's presence, but would not produce Col" 
Stephens's letter to him,— 

^fy Answer to :\[^ Hawkins, was. That as I 
owed not any Money to him So I would not pay 
him any— Hawkins Said— Then he would con- 
fine me, and that I sliould not depart thence— I 
said, he might be mistaken— and I went towards 
the Door— Hawkins el- Calwell both called out, 
Lay hold of him. Lay liold of him— (Some of 
the Servants at the Store W Marriot and W. 
Moore being ])resent) but none took hold of 
me- After 1 was gone out of the Store Hawk- 
ius »S: Calwell, following me, ordered M'' Moore 
to take me & put me in the Log House— M\ 
-Aloore, Constable, followed, and as I was going 
into the General's Apartments, Said, M^ Jones, 
you are my Prisoner, I asked. By what Author- 
ity or Warrant? Ho replyd, T have no -War- 
rant, JUit the Bayliffs ordered me to take and 
carry You to the Loghouse— I said, M^ Afoore, 
I would advise you (believing you to be a very 
honest and well meaning man) to get their War- 
rant foi- what you do. You may depend on my 
forth ri.miiig at any hour of this Day— M^ 
:\[oor(' went to them, and received a Warrant 
for my Comitnient to the Log house under the 

Correspondence 309 

Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

liand of and Seal of Tho": Marriot, being for 
Debts due & owing by me to Docf: Tlio: Hawk- 
ins and Jolm Calwell — Moore returned again 
with this "Warrant (w"*" he shewed to Several) 
and waited at y^ General's Apartments for my 
coming ont — I went to his Excellency and re- Jhlfrpfy '^'^^ 


lated to him what had passed, who sent for the ^y cen. 

^ ' Oglethorpe. 

Bayliffs, One by One and reproved them 
Sharply for their Kashness, and ill Conduct 

I have now lost y^ Opportunity of this morn- 
ing's Tide, and must tarry here till Night — 
Aiu\ having Your Letter of 17^^ September be- 
fore me — Therefore, having a Little Time and 
Paper to Si)are, Permit me, (After my humble 
Thanks & Acknowledgem' of their Ilononi-s, 
(The Trustees) Their Favours to me (w^'^ you 
acquaint me witli) and my declareing my Grate- 
full Senco of the Eeuewed Obligations I am commands 
thereby under to do them the Utmost Service I Trii^tees to 
am capable of) to offer somewhat on what you 
write to me at the close of said Letter wherein 
you kindly inform me of their Honours Com- 
ands — To behave more mildly to the People 
than I had lately done — 

The Offence That my past late Behaviour has 
,u:iven, l)eiug mention 'd by You in General only, 
And no particular Instances of my rash & Evil 
^X)nduct, so much as hinted — I am greatly at 
Less, how Either to aclaiowlege & beg Pardon 
for .such my Faults, (which my Duty to their 
Honours would certainly oblige me to do) Or 



CoLoxiAL Records 

Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

Xo foreign 
who can 
make ac- 
of unjust 
or rierorous 

Well mean- 
ins, Indus, 
trious in- 
to sign 
and otiier 

to justify my Conduct, and clear my Self from 
deserving Blame on Acco' thereof. 

I shall, at present, only say— That I flatter 
myself- There cannot be found Any one of the 
British or Irish Inhabitants of this Northern 
Part of tlie Province, wlio bear y« reputation of 
being honest & industrious— Nor Any One of 
the Foreign Protestants, whether Bond or Free, 
dwelling therein; tliat can, or will accuse me of 
any unjust, rigorous, or evill Treatment of 
them, by me or by my Means but would (if re- 
quird, or tliot needfull) readily & publickly 
attest That my Behavior towards them has been 
the Contrary to AVhat it lias been represented 
to have been- Perhaps I may except ]ip Caus- 
ton, ,AP. Brownfield, & ]\P. Woodroffe, who I 
take to be honest, industrious & usefull Inhabi- 
tants, (tho' the two latter have Deen, and are 
Promoters of the Stephanian System of Poli- 
ticks) yet for other reasons (well known) may 
decline saying any thing in my behalf,— Be- 
sides them I know no other— Indeed Some of 
the Plain, well meaning, & industrious Inhabi- 
tants have by Treats, Solicitations, Caresses, or 
Threatuijigs l)een prevaild on (as themselves 
have owned) to Sign Eepresentations and other 
Papers, the Contents whereof they then were, 
and are now ig-norant of, (during Sir Eicli^ 
EveranPs Agency here:) And more of them 
have been drawn into the Same Snare Since, 
by :M^ Tho^: Stephens, who, with his Assistants, 
used not only the former Methods taken to per- 
suade the Inhabitants to Sign- But when those 

Correspondence 311 

Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harni.m Verelst. 

could not prevail, xVdded, That his Father, And 
all the ]\ragistrates, had Seen and Aproved of 
the Representation, Exceptinci' Old Jones, ^*ho istnues 

Col. Steph- 
en.s and 
all rna?- 


^VR^ an Obstinate Fellow, and Imown to be a scnfauons 
Tool of the Trustees & the General's This I juS ^'^ 
liave by comon Report only; and have not 
hitherto had an Oportunity to enquire into the a fooi 
Truth thereof But can depend on what A Gentle- TrustW 

and the 

man told me, who Said, he v/ould declare the General's. 
Same on Oath if required — That being One 
]^ay with Col". Stephens at his House — His 
Son ]\P. Thomas Stephens urged him very much 
to Sign the Representation 6zc which he refus- 
ing to do, M' Stephens was thereat displeased, 
& treated him w'*" reproachfull Language — He 
added That Col" Stephens Said nothing to y^ 
Alfair, and neither aj^proved nor disapproved 
of his Sons Talk 

That I should be reproached and hated for 
my Preciseness and Singularity (as some have Reproached 

"" ' for pre- 

told me) in not following the ^Multitude to do -n^^nof^ 
]':vil, is not Strange— But that Men should be [o^du^ewi. 
at so much Expence & pains, in forming Combi- 
nations, & Contrivances, without any other ap- 
I>arent View, than to create in tlio Trustees an 
ill Opinion of my Behavior in their Service, I 
cannot account for, or conceive any other rea- 
^01], for their Conduct therein (besides their 
liaving nothing else to employ themselves in) 
That what W Robert Williams rendred, last 
Summer. When reasoning with him about his 
^ iolent hatred of^ & malice expressed towards 
ino, in particular; he declared. That he had al- 

o<l UUscM I iiiilT 



Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Harmaii Verel.'Jt. 

Never de- 
injured or 
any man. 

many per. 
sonal in- 
juries with- 
out any 

Mr. Jones' 
to restrain 
growtli of 
and pro. 

ways a g-reat Esteem and Value for me, and 
never l)ore any ilhvill or hatred towards me, on 
any other Account than as I acted for, and 
justitied the proceedings of the Trustees, whom 
he was an Enemy to, and would oppose by all 
the Methods he could, or Fi-iends he had, in 
America or Europe — AVhatever their Motives 
or Ends may be, in reviling, and speaking all 
manner of evil of me Falsel}' I rejoice in this, 
That Since I have been amongst them (notwith- 
stadiug my many Imperfections & Frailties) I 
have not designedly injured, or deceived any 
man; T ov^'e no ^^Tan any thing; I have born 
many personal Injuries, Undergone not only 
Keproaches, but Violent Assaults & Beatings 
witliout any (pretended) Provocation thereto 
by me given, by Words or Deed for which have 
neither required or had any Satisfaction nor 
con]])lained thereof to the Trust. 

I acknowledge, That in my Endeavours to 
restiain the Growth of Imorality, and Pro- 
fan ess (greatly abounding among Us) I have 
shar[)ly I'ein-oved some, and have put the known 
Laws in E.xecution against a Few, of the most 
audacious, for Profane Swearing, Drunkeness, 
x\nd conten]ptuous Profanation of the Lords 
Day; I am not concious that I have erred, Un- 
less, in my great Tenderness towards some, es- 
pecially the Two Bayliffs; who are notoriously 
addicted to the forementioned Vices ; I have at 
times 7-e|,j-oved them And, last Sumer M^ Fal- 
lowlield uttering Several profane Oaths and 


Mr. Thos. Jones to Mr. Ilarman ^'el•elst. 

Curses in my hearing- after I had desired him to 

Mr. Fallow- 


forbear, and told liijn if he did not take this h. 

proved for 

"Warning- I would certainly convict him, and ['/o'^nf^g'^tc. 

})roceed as the Law directed, he replyed, That 

he would Swear, let me do my worst — I then 

told him that he stood convicted for profanelv Mr. Faiiow- 

fieid con- 
Swearing Two Oaths, in my hearing, and had wou?d'n?t'* 

incurr'd the penalty of Four Shillings for his 

Offence, and required him to iraj 4 shillings into 

the hands of the Ty thing man (then attending) 

for the Use of the Poor, He refused to pay, & 

hid me Defiance — I departed from him, but he, 

looking out at the AYindow (having his Friends, 

Ivobert Williams, Ormiston, &c. with him,) 

called after me, clapping his hands, and saying, 

Go, You Informing Old Rogue, with much more 

of his Usual Dialect, To which I made no Eeply, iiSolm'ing 

old rogue." 

but went mv wav — Shall ijroceed in relateing J^e msuit 
what I have begun when at Savannah, Time cc 
paper not allowing me to add — I am / Sir 

Your Servant 
Tho Jones 

To ^[' Harman Verelst 

alter Mr. 

i;v/ 7 a-, 

mno\, o'lT 

i^'i'/i-y/ uiinywAi '] 


Colonial Eecords 

Mr. John Dnbell to Mr. Harman Terelst. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georsia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter from Mr. John Dobell to Mr. BUrmax 
Verelst Esqr 29 April 1742 


A very 


No kinder 
mail than 

Died of 


for the 
of vine 
to be sent 
to the 


I take liberty to return yon my most hearts- 
Thanl:s for the pains and Care that you was at 
in ordoing tilings so plentifully & Amicably for 
us ill our Passage AVe had the Command of 
Tea Coifeo Sugar White Bread Fresh provis- 
ions Strong beer Brandy Bum Wine Butter 
Chc-e.<o for Cap' Gowan always left it to us to 
Choose and Order what we lik't A more kinder 
^fan tliere never was. 

He was very Sickly and on the l^^'^ lns\ Died 
of a Violent Feaver. The Vine Cuttings have 
been in groat Danger of being lost tho I hope 
they are in very good order. xVnd those that 
sliall 1)0 sent for the future please to let them be 
pack'd or stuck into Tubs of Mould as these 
were; always observing that the Brims of the 
Tubs he higher than the ends of the Vine cut- 
tings and the Tubs filled with Mould within One 
Inch or Two of the ends of the s'. Cuttings 

Please Sir to make mv Humble Dutv and 

iff «!>'•»' 


Mr. John Dobell to Mr. Verelst. 

Tliaiiks agreeable to the Honourable Board, 
also Accept tlie same Your Self from Sir 
Your most Obliged Humble Serv'. 
Jn°. Dobell 

Charles Town 
the 29 Aprill 

We arrived hither on Sunday the 25*'' Aprill 
30 Days after the Death of the Cap^ 

M^ Hopton uses's us with utmost Civility and 
has been very dilligent in getting out and take- 
ing Care of our things and in procuring a 
Speedy passage for us to Georgia 

The 3 Tubs of Vine Cuttings by Cap* Cam- 
mel are here at M'. Hoptons but they are all 
Dead having had a 14 weeks, passage and were 
stow'd away all that while in the Hold, whereas 
they (as those "s^dth us were) should be through- 
out the passage kept upon the Deck 

M"" Hopton Desires his Humble Service to You 
Sir I would pray you to foi'ward my Letters 
which I have taken Liberty to direct to you and 
Charge the expences thereof to me if you think 
it proper. 

all dead. 

21C Colonial Records 

Col. Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman VereLst. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter from Col. William Stephens to Mr, 
Harmax Verelst. 

These. Savannah 4 ^fav. 1742 

My last was of the 20 Mar p Cap'- Lemon in 
the Loyal Judith, as ^ enclosed Bill of Loading 
is acknowledged by Capt Lemon; whereof M^ 
Hoptoii wrote me he had sent yon 2 Duplicates ; 
one hy the Judith, & tother by another Ship. 
By that Box I hope you'll receive in safety, all 
those papers, letters, &c that were enclosed in 
it; together v.^'^ M^ Averys Map of the Northern 
Division of tliis Province: and in a small pnc- 
kett also deliverd to the care of Cap^ Lemon, I 
enclosed the 2 keys belonging to the said Box. 

Antecedent to mine of the 20 Mar, I wrote 
you of the 4^'^ Feb: %3 Cap' Jacob Airs; of the 
2' of Jan, Sc 31 Dee, ^ Cap^ Harramond. I have 
not been so happy to receive any letter from 
you, since your Favours of the 6 & 9 of Nov*^^ 
last; which I have much regretted the want of r 
but am every day in hopes now to hear of Cap' 
Thomsons arrival; Sz of receiving ad^-ices by 
him; whereby I may learn the pleasure of the 
honourable Trust 

The General having signifyd to me, v' he was 
sending the Prize Sloop (lately taken) to Lon- 
don, under the Command of Capt Dunbar; & if 


Col. \Vm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

I had auy packett to send, twoiild be a proper 
conveyance : I have been hudling together vrhat 

The prize 
sloop sent 

])ai)ers I could get readv on so short Warning; ^^a^jr capt 

by den. 

expecting every hour the return of a Scout 
]>oat, sent by the General to Port Royal, now on 
its way back to Frederiea (the occasion you'll 
find in my Journal of yesterdays date) : and such 
as intend to lay hold of the opportunity of go- 
ing in her, must catch her as She passes, either 
by M". Caustons, Thunderbolt, or the like: 
among whom, M"" Thomas Jones will make one; 
& our Minister M' Orton, having been advised 
that the General would be glad to see him at 
Frederiea, where he is much wanted for Bap- 
tism of many Children, & jojming others in Jointed to 
Wedlock, &c; for these reasons he'll be another 
Passenger. "Wherefore I am oblidged unavoid- 
ably to break oft from divers matters, w"^" I pur- 
posed to have wrote ; and send away what I now 
have; tho' very abruptly: and you may certain- 
ly expect from me, another letter to follow this, 
wrote fully on those affairs, which I ought to 
advise you of by the first opportunity of a Boat 
going to Charles Town; which I look for in few 

The unsetled State y^ M'' Bosomworth yet 

children at 

continues in, as I noted in my former, requires settle""' 
me to obtain proper advice, how to act free of Mr.*^Bosom- 

^ ^ ^ worth. 

future Blame: wherefore I shall lay open that 
oase; far from any intention of doing him a 
l>rejudice; but purely to extricate my self out 
of some doubts y' I am under at present. Many 
cases also, \^^^ relate to the disposal of Lots, Sz 

318 CoLONi.\L Records 

Mr. Thos. Jones to the Trustees. 

great Quantitys of land, petitiond for by divers 
among us; 1 intend shall be set forth parti- 
cularly in the same letter; for their Honours to 
consider of, and send me their Direction. Be so 
good to pardon me for writing thus short in 
such hast. 

Your very humble Servant 
Will: Stephens. 

The letter herewith, that you'll see directed 
to my Family in the Isle of Wight; I am sure 
you'll forward f? the common Post. 

(From B. P. P. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Copy of Lktteix from Mr. Thos. Jones to the 
Tj,,.^tees AccqTant.^ q ^Xay 1742. Pecd 26 
Ap^ 1743 


T reced yours of the 6'^ : & 24"^ : December last, 
■ — lour fa\-ou]', in accpiainting me w"': two In- 
stances (out of the many Complaints) made to 
the Hon'^'^: ^Jh-ustees against me, I shall always 
thankfully acknowledge; w''' when enquired into 
will (I hope) incurr no other Censure, than an 
over ofiiciousness to interest my Self in y« Con- 
cernni'^ of other People, (w'^ a disinterested 
View of doing them Service,) doth justly do- 
sen-e — 


Mr. Thos. Jones to the Trustees. 

Tlio Affidavit of Rice, montioned in yours, I 
take to be one Lawr Rice, whose acco': as en- anuiavu 

of Iliee. 

tred in the Books you have a ( opy of, as also of 
M"".. Kents Certificate in liis Favour — AVliat I 
can further say towards expLaining the matter 
of his Compr; is That W.. Kent, (Lieu', at Fort 
Augusta) had given Certificates to sundry per- 
sons of the Sums due to them for tlieir Service 
at that Fort w'^' : were tendred to me for Paym' ; 
Some of those Tprtificates were directed to M"": 
Tho': Causton, others to me — The Answer I 
made to the Chaimants was, That I beleived 
their demands (if found to be just) wo*^. be paid, 
but that, at present, I co"^. say nothing to the 
matter; having received no Letter of advice 
from W.. Kent, neither did I know his hand 
Writing, nor had I reced a Muster Roll nor any 
acco' : of his Comjniny sign*^. by him ; but as Gen- 
eral Oglethorpe intended shortly to go to Au- 
gusta, I hoped. That at his return to Savannah, 
he wo'', order, & enable me or some other Person 
to discharge those demand.s — Abo' : June 1789 
Lawr Rice bro': a Certificate (as ^ Copy) but 
no Letter of advice from M".. Kent; I gave him S'^S"" 

p V If J 1 -r r 11 r,->^ , renoe Rice 

lor Answer as betorement', — lie replved. That in rhiicidei- 

phia, Penn. 

lie was going to Philadelphia in Pensylvania, 
wliore lie usually resided. And that it was not 
worth his wliile to come again so far for his 
money; I then advised him to empower any 
Person, wiiom lie co". confide in, to receive it for 
liini; He said, That he had endeavoured to get 
money for his Certificate in y": Town, & men- 
tioned the Names of Witt: Elbert & John Tis- 


Colonial Ivecoeds 

Mr. Thos. Jones to the Trustees. 

Mr. Rice 
puest at 
Mr. Jones' 
and at Mr. 
house for 

Mr. Harris 
to receive 
monev for 
Mr. Kice. 

A public 
given at 
in regard 
to cer. 

to Mr. 
Harris ten 

dale (to the best of my Eemembranee) who had 
offered him abo': Thirty or Forty Shillings for 
his Certificate — I then advised him rather to 
empower some Person in Charles Town to re- 
ceive his money than Suffer so great a Loss— 
But if he CO'* : find any Employm* : at Savannah 
till the General return"^, from Aug-usta (w'\ I 
expected before Micll^) I advised him to tarry 
here ^'c told him, He should be welcome to his 
A'ictuals at my House until he co^. find employ — 
Rice was at my House abo': Ten Days, and then 
went to M'.. Caustons at Oxtead where he re- 
main 'd some time longer — and from thence 
went for Charles Town — He came to me at 
Savannah before he went for Cha^ : Town, And 
w'*" : Thankfulness acknowledged my kindness to 
him, and said he had empowered M^. Harris to 
receive the money due to him 

General Oglethorpe gave me his Bills of 
Exch»: for £(3.3 (on y': 19'*^: October) towards 
Paym': of the Sujus, certified V^ M": Kent to be 
duo to Sundrys for their Service at Augusta; I 
gave Publick Notice at Savannah — That such as 
were l^osse.^sed of those Certificates might come 
v^- rcc'ive their money. Among AV'^: Fra": Har- 
ris reced (on y^: 24^*^: Octol/:) y': Ball": due to 
Pice — 1 know no more of that affair — I neither 
souglit or reced any advantage to my Self there- 
by — Nor had W.. Harris any assistance from 
me therein — On the Contrary I was at that time 
IndebttHl to W.. Harris, Ten Pounds, w^": I had 
borrowed of him in order to supply the Neces- 
sity's of some poor People, to whom money was 


Mr. Thos. Jones to the Trustees. 

duo for their Service on y^: Trust aceo\ having 
laid out for \^: same acco': what money I had 
of my own— M^. Harris (of whoiu I have not 
yet enquir'd concerning that Transaction) may 
soon be w'*": you, (he purposing to return to 
England w^*^: Cap': Thomson) & can give you a 
more particular acco': of that, & other Affairs, 
if you think proper to enquire of him — 

You may be easily informed of M"".. Harris's 
Character & Circumstances in England, (where kAowiedge 

possessed of 

I had but little knowledge of him) He came over JhariJt'Ir'^^ 
w'^ Cap': Thomson in 173S w'^ Design to Set- ^^.Ll^, 



tie in y": Colony He hath been employ 'd in y'^: '" "^''" ' 
Trust'. Service, & therein acted w'*" Integrity & 
Diligence, And at all times, by his Sober & 
inoffensive Behaviour every way becoming a 
Christian &: a ^Member of the Church of England 
(w^^: he made profession of) hath gain'd the 
Esteem of all good men. But his Intimacy w"'. 

Gained the 

M'. Bolzius, M". Gronau & other Lutherans of afn^^°^ 
their Church, as well as w'^. some Religious "^^"' 
People of y^: Trust': Servants (Calvinists) he 
hav^: learned the German language) But more 
especially his conversing w'*" : y^ Family at y^: 
Orphan IP — hath given great Offence to some, 
who esteem none to be true members of y* 
Church, but such, who either, never frequent 
any Place for Eeligious AVorship, Or Distin- 
guish themselves, by an Outcry, of the Church 
being in Danger, while they themselves, practice 
^ Run into all Excesses of Profaness & Imoral- 




Mr. Thos. Jones to the Trustees. 

Mr. Harris 
opiniDii of 
in the 

Many who 
rame to 
to settle 
g-oin,(T bir!- 
to Knslai.d 
on account 
of unploa.s- 
ant con- 

on patienct 
with Ic.njr 

of Mr. 
Mr. Jone.s 
not a 

He (Ifarris) lately hinted to me, That having 
^ found, of late, That not only the Civil Eights & 
Lil)erty's of People were infring'd, And that 
their Private Propertys had been taken away 
without any legal Redress to be obtain 'd in y^": 
Colony; But y^: a Persecution was threatned 
ags': all (except professed Papists) who in the 
least differed from the Multitude in their Sen- 
tim•^ or ways of, what they called, Religion — 
He ehuses to return to England, & avoid the 
Storm, As some have lately done on that acco': 
— \m\ others intend to do— Who came to 
Georgia w'\ Design to Settle there, .V: had bro': 
good Substance w"^: them— I have endeavoured 
to })ersuade some of thejn to deferr their De- 
l)arture till next Spring, As particularly Three 
familys. Who I know have a much l)etter Sub- 
stance of tlieir own, than any other yet Settle.' 
in Georgia had, when they iirst came mto y" 
Colony And are Peaceal)le Industrious & Fru- 
gal People, well affected to the Governm': cl- the 
Protestant Succession, AVhieh may be one, if 
not y": main Objection (in y^: opinion of some) 
against allowing or encouraging their Settling 
iu y-: C\,lony— I have sulT. Reasons, (from y^ 
Comon Conversation as well as y^ Conduct of 
those) for this my Conjecture, w^": if necessary 
and i-equired shall make kno^m— I have already 
tresj)assod on your Patience by this long Di- 

Tile Com])laint of M"".. Beaufain against me, is 
uew, But notliing that That Gentleman or his 
Companions, Sir Rich"- cV" AP.. Xorris, have done 

Correspondence 323 

Mr. Thos. Jones to the Trustees. 

or Spoken in England can be any Surprize to 
nie, AVheu they had exceeded all y^. Bounds of 
Truth & Justice, yea even of Modesty, in pursu- 
ing their Malice & Revenge ags' : me, before they 
went thither 

M^. Beaufain w'". M'"\. Mountaigut in 1730 
came to me at the Stores, & then threatiied to Reasons 

fur Mr. 

comidain of me to v^: Truster & to y^: General, Beaufain-s 
for presuming to buy Corn when they had Corn . 
to Sell — I had then bo': a Quantity of Corn at 
14'^: ^ Bush'..— when they demanded 20^ *^ 
Bushel for theirs — M". Beaufain, and Cap*: 
Mackay, since that time, have, on sundry Occas- 
ions, desired my advice & Assistance, w"^ : I gave 
them ^y^^ : y^ : greatest readiness. But never de- 
manded (or so much as hinted to me, that they 
expected I sho''. pay) this Debt of Cap': Davis^ 
or any Sum of money whatever due to them — 

I shall give you the best acco': I can, of that 
Transaction whereon this Complaint is founded. 

In July 1739 Geu'.. Oglethorpe sent unto mc 
his Bills Exch^ for £100— wr-'': sum lie order'd Trnns- 

i T^ J /-( 1 1 T. ■ o J , 1 T-. • •. action on 

me to I'ay unto Caleb Davis, tV: to take Davjs s which 


Promisory Xote for Rojiaym'.. w^''.. 1 did accord- *^ foundej. 

ingly— In October following, Cap'. Davis his 

sloop ai-riv'd from the West India Islands laden 

^v'^: Mollossos iS: sugar — The Gen', (being then 

at Savannah) order'd me to Purchase the Car- 

goe — And (to enable me to Pay for y"": same) 

deliver 'd unto me. One sett of his Bills Exeh-': 

Tor €220 — Davis's Promisory Xote for £100 

— v<c his Dra'. on M'. r^Iountaigut for £80.— 


Colonial Records 

Mr. Thos. Jones to the Trustees. 

Death of 
Mr. Moun. 
talgut at 
h).s planta- 
tion In 

M': Mouiitaig-ut was then w'^: his Excellency, 
And said that Cap': Davis was indebted to him 
in £70 & upwards, w'^. if he co''. not otherwise get 
Paym': of, he wo'', take of me in Molloss"': the 
Value of that Draught, if accepted of by Davis 
for Paym' : — His Excellency directed me to do 
what I co'. to serve M' : Mountaigut therein, And 
if M'. Mountaigut co''. get Paym'. of his Debt 
otherways, to keep y': Dra^ & return it to him 
M". Mountaigut died at his Plantation in Caro- 
lina in Noveml/- following— Abo*: Xmas M".. 
Mountaigut (his Wid°:) coming to Savannah — , 
I waited on her, shew**: her y^: Gen": Dra'. on 
M' Mountaigut for £80 — , & acquainted her, w"^: 
what M"": Mountaigut had Propos'd & what or- 
ders I had reed from the Gen'., in y-. Affair, M". 
Mountaigut, Said That (M^ Mountaigut being 
dead) She wo^ not take y^ Molloss^- But Cap': 
Davis sho'^ i)ay his Debt to her in money, before 
his Vessell slio'' : depart from Savannah— Some 
time after, ^["^ Mountag' sent for me, and said 
That Cap': Davis had proposed to give her a 
Dra'. on Major Cook for y^• Sum he owed her, 
And desired me to advise her, what she had best 
do— I replyed— That I knew y*^: Major was in- 
debted upw^'^: of £200 for Molloss^: bought of 
Rob': Williams, who (in Consideration of a Sum 
advanced ])y Cap': Davis to freight his Snow 
w''': Rice for y^: West Indies) had empowered 
Cap' : Davis to receive of ]\[ajor Cook the money 
due for the Molloss^- M^^ Mountaigut desired 
me to write to the Major, & know if he wo'', ac- 
cept Cap': Davis's Dra'. on Iiim for the sum,— 


Mr. Thos. Jones to the Trustees. 

Accordingly I wrote to :M^: Fra^: Moore & recod 
from him the Majors Answer (Copy of w^'\. is 
enclosed) V7'\. I communicated to M^^: Moun- 
taigut— She ask'd, Whether I would be willing 
that Davis's Dra': on y^ Major sho*': be made 
Pay: to me or order, I reply'd, That I was not 
willing to undertake aiifairs W^^ noways con- 
cerned mc-- But, As the :\Iajor had by his Let- 
ter desired me to take Cap': Davis his Bill on 
him for y*: Sum (he acknowledged to have al- 
ready reced,) I wo'', (to oblige her) take 
Davis's Dra'. on Major Cook for £40— w"^": on 
my return from the South I wo^ see paid— 
The next day M^^': Mountaigut shew'd me 
Davis's Dra\. for £40— (Copy is enclosed) w^\ 
(at her desire) I endors'd. In June followino- m^s. Moun- 

&' taiffut. 

1 acquainted M": Mountaigut w'^; my Design 
of going to wait on y\- General at Frederica— 
She then gave me Cap': Davis's Dra\ on y": 
Major for £40— (beforementioned) & also one 
other DraS of Davis 's on y^ : Major for £36 .. 8 
.. 6 .. Pay^ to, & endorsed by her, w^^ she de- 
sired me to get y^: Paym'. of. If I could- I saw 
the Major at the Camp in Florida & presented 
to him Davis his Dra'- He (the Major) 
answer'd— That haWug laid out a great deal 
of money for the Generals Acco'- ; vr'\ he did not 
expect to receive again before they returned from 
the Expedition; He co^ not then comply w'^.. 
the Paym\ of any money— And That he had 
not reced any money for the Molloss^: issued, 
since the £45— he had given me an acco': of— 


CoLONLu. Records 

Mr. Thos. Jones to the Trustees 

The ^-reat 
regard of 
Genl. Ogle 
thorpe for 
Mr. Mouii 

AVliGii I returned to Savainiali, I paid M''.. 
Mountaigiit £40 — being the Sum of Davis '.s 
Dra'. endorseil by me And delivered her the 
otlier Dia'. for £;](j .. 8 .. (3 for w'^ : I had given 
her my note to be accountable, & w'": 1 then 
took u}) — 

1 liad not, since that time heard any thing 
abo' : thai Draught, uutill I received your Letter, 
neitlier do I yet know whether Cap^ Davis has 
paid that Sum, (w"": I am apt to think has been 
discliarg'd long Since, for I am certain That 
Davis has paid M/%. ^[ountaigut Sums of money 
since y^: Ti-ansaetion (on what acco': I know 

1 had, by Letter in April 1740 advised Gen- 
eral Oglethorpe of what I had done in Paying- 
Cap* Davis for the Cargoe, and That his Dra'. 
for ISO on .Mountaigut, I liad 210 occasion for 
l)ut sliu". return (w'^: I have since done) to his 
Excellency — General Oglethorpe had often 
mentioned to me, The great Regard he had for 
M' Mountaigiits family w'^: he likewise ex- 
])r«'S.s'd by his readiness to promote their In- 
tercut on all occasions — 

Tlii.N Together w'^: my Desire, That Cap': 
Daviss sloop might be at Liberty to Sail for 
Florida <Jc Assist in y^: Expedition ag-'*: xVugus- 
tine, induced me to endorse the £-10. Dra'. (at 
W. Monntaiguts desire) I did not then conceive 
any In.-onveuioiicy that co''. attend my doing 
it— But 1 am thereby involv'd in Difficulties, 
w^ at )»r<'sent T see no other Method to exti'i- 


Mr. Thos. Jones to the Trustees. 

Lieut. Col. 
in regar 
to niont 
lue M 

cate my Self from, Thau by yo'.. advice & A.ssis- 
tanoe — 

Lieu': Coin'. Cook (late Major) after re- 
peated promises to pay me the £40— (and as 
often delays in Pe^form^.) hath lately given mc ^n^rega^r"' 
this xVnswer — That lie had intended to have p*^. fjue "mi* 
me that money — But as I had made out an 
Acco' :, between the Gen'. & him, whereby he was 
likely to be a great Sufferer, I might get Paym* : 
of Davis's Dra'. as I could, & take my own 
Course therein, for he never wo*^. pay me any. — 

He (the Lieu'. Coin'..) is preparing to go for 
England — He hatli reced the money w'" : he had 
sold the ]^Iolloss^ for except a part Detd to 

Lieut. Col. 
Cook pre. 

Dan'.. Mackay at S'. Andrews, w^'^: I hear, is '^ZfJ^! 
yet unpaid — (I have enclosed Copys of his 
Letter, & y^: Bill &c.-) 

In mine of the 27'": April I acquainted you 
w"': my Intention of going to Savannah, where 
I ari-ived the '29'": at Night, & understood y^ 
Court was appointed to be held on ]\Ionday y''. 
3*^: May, And that a Grand ,"]ury had been Sum- 
moned then to Attend — 'The next day I waited 
on Coin' Stephens at his House, where I found 
W.. Parker c^^ ^I'.. FalKv.vhold— Having Sat 
down & tarried awhile — Coin'.. Stephens, said, ^^^^ g^^pj,. 
Tliose Gentlemen were come to invite him to an fo^an"en-"' 
Entertainm', at ^lorell's to whom they had by Mr. 


granted a License for keei)ing a public House '^.7;/,„;'^J,i^.,j. 
that day : I answered, That I wo^ not then take 
up their Time — But that I came from Frederica 

Came from 

(before I had iinished V Affairs I went there rf^^^''"*^; 

tor) On Purjiose to attend y": Court (w''. I was 



Colonial Records 

Mr. Thos. Jon»s to the Trustees. 

Mr. Fal]ow- 
ficld urgent 
in regard 
to the 
granting of 
a license 
to Mr. 
MorreJl for 

Mr. Morrell. 

an induK. 







Insteaii of 


A ranper, 
to have 
drunk at 

inform 'd, is to bo held on Monday) in order to 
hear, & justify my self against, an Accusation, 
or an Indictm'. for Felony, reported to have 
been preferred against me, by the last Grand 
Jury, & received by y*". Court. 

Sometime in Octob^ last, W. Fallowfield was 
very Urgent in persuading ]\P,. Parker & Self 
to join w'": him in granting a License to M'. 
Moreli for keeping a Publick House— I then 
told them, That 'twould be ver>^ Prejudicial, to 
y": good Covernm': & Quiet of y* Town, to allow 
of more Publick Houses, than were now allowed, 
or ever had been allowed in time past— That 
^I/.. Mon-ell had, indeed, been an Industrious 
Planter, but had lately quitted his Plantation, 
& open'd a Publick House in y»: Town (where 
he had no Lott or Freehold) without Leave, or 
applying for a License,— Moreover, That Com- 
plaints were made of Disorders comitted at his 
House, Particularly— That a Party of Eangers, 
being lately in Town, One of them had been 
missing for several days, & tho^ to have deser- 
ted, At length y\ Officer being inform 'd. That he 
lay conccald at T^Iorell's House, went thither at 
Niglit i^ found him very Drunk. His officer then 
ordering some of his Eangers (accompany^: 
him) to secure & carry y^ Men away to y^. 
Guard— M^ Morell opposed, & drew his Hanger 
on y\ Officer, Saying. He sho''. not take y^ Man 
ont of his House unless he first paid him for y^. 
Liquor the man had drunk at his House— M^ 
Parker was then of opinion w'\ me not to grant 
a License) — 


Mr. Thos. Jones to the Trustees. 

for bell 
to toll 
to Kive 
of the 
of the 

On Monday (3'^. May) having waited till near 
ten in y*. forenoon ex])ecting y^: Bell to toll (as 
is Customary, to give notice of y" Sitting of the 
Conrt) I then went to Coin'. Stephens, who in- 
formed me That y^ : two Bayliffs & Recorder had 
privately adjourn 'd y^: Court to y": 17'^: May, 
That he did not know their reasons for so doing; 
that M'. Parker was gone out of Town 

On y*': 30*'': April in y: Evening, (being j^: 
next day after I came to Town) an Indian slave '^^ Indians 

^ come to 

of -M^ Mathews's, named Notway, came to my hovsl°''^'d 
Lodgings, & hro^: w''^: him a Strange Indian manner"'"''^ 
(who seemed to be drunk) & enquired for me — '«''"e. 
M'. Harris told him, I was not at home, Notway 
Reply 'd — He knew I was at home, and y* Indian 
must see me; (The Indian all y": while continu- 
ed very noisy & seemingly furious) for that his 
Master (Cap'. Mathews) had told y™: I was at 
home, and said, I was a veiy Cross man. And 
that had he been well, he wo^ come himself to 
be at me. 

I now rece** the Enclosed Acco' from M^ 
Bolzius relateing to the Behavior of M'. Tho'. ^^^ account 

cii^ -I -r-1 from Mr. 

Stephens at Ebonezer ( Winter)— I would f^^^i^r.% 
have transcribed the Same, and omitted the 
former part of his Letter (w'^ has no relation fSeT/r.^^ 
to y* Affair) But as M-- Bolzius his hand Writ- 
ing is known to you— I judged it best to Send 
You the Original as I rece^ it 

I have not time now to relate any of those 
Injuries and Illegal Oppressions, w^^ have been 
exercised by our President & Assistants, of late, 

relating to 
behavior of 
Mr. Thos. 


CoLOxiAi^ Kecords 

Mr. Geo. Clarke to the Tru.stees. 

and jlle£?al 
by the 
and as- 

in tliis Colony (chiefly towards such who re- 
fusetl tlioir Approbation of ]\r. Stephens's 
Scheme) ])artic'ular]y towards ]\r Bolzins and 
his Cong-regation. Bnt must conclude 
1 am 

Your Obliged and 

very humble Serv'. 
Tho Jones 

6"^ May 1742. 
To M'. JIarman Verelst 

(From r>. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Lkttep. i-i;om George Clarke EsqP\ to the Trus- 
tees FOR Georgia Eec^. 23 July 1742. By the 
Lo.\-]K)N Capt^'. Bryaxt. 

in order 
to unite 
tiiein in 

New York :\Iay the 19'^ 1742. 


In the year 1740, At a Conference with the 
six Nations of Indians, depending on this Pro- 
vince, I treated with them, in Behalf of all the 
Nations of Indians under his Majesties Protec- 
tion, in order to unite them in the Cove- 
nant Chain, as they phrase it; nor were the 
pains I took unsuccesful, they strenuously in- 
sisted at tirst that the Southern Indians should 


Mr. Geo. Clarke to the Trustees. 

send their Deputies to the next Conference, 

Avhich is to he the hitter End of this, or the lie- 
To make 

i>inning of tlie next Month, but I wonkl not i^ave ^^'- V''''^'' 
in to it, resolving to have the Treaty absolute, 
without any Condition, however I was sensible 
that if the Southern Indians could be induced 
to send their Deputies, it would cement what I 
then did; to this End I wrote to General Ogle- 
thorpe, and to the Governours of Virginia, and g^^'^''^^^'^" 
Carolina, and have great hopes of seeing some f,^om"youth- 

-.^ ,. r. ^ , I J. i? ii • A,-' J.- crn Indians 

Deputies irom, some at least, of their >jations at next 


of Indians who may represent the rest; nor is 
this all, it is highly Necessary likewise that 
some presents be given to the six Nations, in necepsary 

•^ ^ 'for presents 

behalf of the Southern Colonies; Virginia gave fho'^six^^^" 

an hundred pounds Sterling at the last Treaty, ''^'''"'"'• 

and General Oglethorpe has now sent me a Bill 

of Excliange for the like Sum, which I presume 

will be duely honoured, this Province gives on 

everv Interview five hundred pounds Sterling, or" presents. 

^ '=" French of 

it being become absolutely necessary, from the |^,^"g'^t'^-,fj 
Practice used by the French of Canada, who fmiuen"^" 

1 ±A 1 '■) T over six 

nave gotten by that means but too great an In- nation.^. 
fluence over those six Nations, on whom they 
border, and it is by that Influence that they 
engage the young Fellows of those Nations to 
join them in their Expeditions against the 
Chickesaws, and other Southern Indians, there- 
by politickly [sic] wasting the Strength of the 
six Nations, (who, if at any time they should 
be so disposed, are able to o]>pose their 
^larches) and increasing their own, in every 
]']xpedition; how far this Union will prevail to 

332 CoLOxi.\L Records 

Jas. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

put a stop to those Invasions, time only must 
resolve us, it is liowever I think the best Expe- 
dient wo can make use of at present, and, if 
duely attended to, may I hope altogether, or, 
at least, in a groat Measure answer my Expecta- 
tions, by giving a Check to the Encroachments 
of the French in time of Peace, and by securing 
the British Colonies from their Attacks in time 
ofWarr; I ask Pardon for this impertinent 
Trouble for without Doubt you have received 
much better Information of these Things from 
General Oglethorpe, yet I presume to hope for 
it from your Zeal for establishing that Infant 
Colony of Georgia. 

I am with very great respect 

your most obedient 
humble Servant 

Geo. Clarke 

The IIouo'''*— Trustees for setling Georgia 

(Fnnn ]>.. P. P. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol 22.) 

LrnrK from Jas Oglethorpe to the Hoxble 

Frederica in Georgia 28'*' May 1742. 


The Mutinous Temper at Savannah now 
shows it self to be fomented by the Spaniards, & 



Jas. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

that the Distructiou of that Place was but part 
of tlieir Scheme for raising a general Distur- 
bance through all North America Their Cor- 
respondance w'*". the Negroes too fatally man- 
ifested it Self in the Fires at New York & Cha'. 
Town & the Insurrection of the Negroes in 
Carolina when M': Bathust <S: above Twenty 
white People & Forty Negroes were killed. The 
Vigilence of the Government of Virginia, New 
York, New England &c^. hath prevented farther 
Consequences; & we have Lock'd them so up in 
Augustine that they could not favour their Par- 
tizaus in those different Colonys. They found 
three Insuperable obstacles in their way in driv- 
ing out the English from this Colony. 1''. The 
People being white & Protestants & no Negroes 
were naturally attached to the Oovernmcnt. 
2^'^. The Lands being of lulieritance, as Men 
could not Sell, they would not leave the Country 
so easily, as new commers would do, who could 
Sell their Emprovements. 3'\ Distilled Liquors 
were prohibited which made the Place Healthy. 
Their Partizans laboured to get those who Per- 
haps intended no ill to Inking about what they 
Desired. 1". To Obtain Negroos being secure 
that Slaves would be either Recruits to an 
Enemy or Plunder for them. 2'^'^ Land Alian- 
able which would bring in the Stock Jobbing 
Temper, the Devill take the Hindmost, o"^. Free 
Importation of Rum & Spirits which would Des- 
trory the Troops Sc Labouring People here, as 
it hath done the Armys in Jamaica & Cuba Sc 
would give a Reputation of Unhealthyness to 

tion of 
piirt of thi 

of the 
ments of 
New York, 
New Eng. 
land pre- 
of more 




To obtain 


Free Inv 


Colonial Rixokds 

Jas. Oglethorpe to the Trustees. 

Rage shown 



by receiving; 



An account 
of a design 
Mr. Jones. 

to he the 
last eftort a 

to make 
peoi>le of 
quarrel with 
the Intiians. 


hold sixxde 
In one 
hand and 
in other. 

tlie Provinco. To bring- this to bare no money 
was spared yon have liad a Constant History of 
the EiTccts of their Bribery from Savannali 
v.-hen they found all their cunning of no Effect, 
Tliey show'd their last Effort of Impotant 
Kage against the rest of the Trustees & me by 
scohling & raising virilent tl' Malicious Lies 
which they even ventured to Print, Every faith- 
full c^' Honest ^fagistrate they were for De- 
stroying. W. Jones gave me an Account of a 
Design against him, as you will see by the En- 
closed. I sent to CoK Stephens & ordered such 
Assistance to be given him as he should have 
occasion for, of which you will see the good 
EtTect by the Enclosed, 1 believe this will be the 
Spanish Factions last Effort at Savannah for 
the nov: Orders to the :\Ien of ATar to act with 
\'iguor [sic] against the Spaniards & to come 
to me for Advice has given a great Turn to 
every thing. Now the Spaniards private Emis- 
sarys are striving to make the People of Caro- 
lina quarrel with the Indians, & I must now 
Dal)..iir to ])revent the Effect of their Indiscrea- 
tio)!.^; In a few Days Cap: Dunbar will proceed 
for Em-iand w'\ the Spani>h Prize he took, vS: I 
shall send on board the Invalids of the Pegi- 
ment a Spanish Lieutenant & some of their Ofri- 
cei-s taken Prisoners by me. AVe have had a 
Crop of Wheat of about Sixty Bushells on the 
Farm in this Island. The Vines grow prodigi- 
ously. We hope for a great Crop of Indian 
Corn ui»on the Island The Soldiers hold the 
Spadf in one hand cK: the Sword in the other & 


Mr. "U'm. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

both Suocessfully, for since we Distroy'd Seven 
Si>anish Forts in Florida in the Campaign 
against Augustine, wo have held them into this 
very hour, so that they have not been able to 
rebuild any one of them. 

The Darien Settlement florishes Exceeding- 
ly so does the Town of Ebenezer. I shall send 
'l9 Cap". Dunbar a return of the Improvements Ebenezer 

^ ^ ^ ^ ^ flourishing'. 

in the Southern part of this Province which are 
really wonderfuU considering the Situation & 

I am Gentlemen 

Your most Obed'. 
Humble Servant 

James Oglethorpe. 

The Ilonble The Trustees. 

(From B. P. P. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter froim ^.Ik. "W.m. Stephens Esq^. to Mr. 
Harman Verelst of 9"^^^ June 1742. Pecd 2 
August 1742 

Savannah 9'\ June 1742. 


My last was of the -VK of May in a Packett 
containing various Papers Sea as usual; which 
I sent by the Way of Frederica, directed to the 
Care of Cap': Dunbar, upon Advice reed from 
the General, that the Cap': was to sail soon for 


CoLoxi.u. Ekcords 

Mr. Wni. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 



to sail for 


in the 



Arrival of 
Mr. Chas. 
jif phew, 
;'.n'l Mr. Jno. 
Dobeil. pent 
.-.ver by 

Egmont and 
the Rev. 
Mr. Hale. 

relating t 
part of 

Englaiul, ill tlie Prize Sloop unaer liis Com- 
iiiaiRl; iJc 'twould be a proper Conveyance but 
other Aifairs of Moment happening to inter- 
vene, which ])revented liis Excellence from giv- 
ing such quick Dispatch to that Sloop as was ex- 
pected; I am sorry to hear She is not yet 
sail'd; nor is it certain; as far as I can learn, 
when she will : so that tis most likely this may 
come to yonr Hands first. Herewith I send you 
])ui>licate of the Letter I then wrote, & a 
Schedule of what other Papers went in that 
Packett. In few Days after, viz on the 7'" May, 
arrived M'. Cha\ AYatson with his Nephew, & 
M^ Jn". Dobell; with great Variety of Packetts; 
as you'll more fully be inform 'd by my Journal; 
which therefore I ask leave to refer to; where 
you'll also find the Misfortune that befell us, in 
beimr deprived of the Benefits of those Vines 
wlii(h my Lord Egmont was so good to favour 
us with: but the Pev^- D=": Hales's kind present, 
of tiK' like Soit, to the Colony, met with better 
Luck ; & 1 liO)je good LTse will ])e made of them : 

To write orderly, in Answer to your several 
Letters last reed, which came all to hand in one 
J>ay, tho of different Dates; I must begin with 
that of the 14'" Dec^; wherein I find the Trusts 
Pleasure relating to the Acco'-': for the South- 
ern l*art of the Province, so fully laid down, 
that it cannot easily be mistaken: I laid the 
same o})i'n to the Assistants when in Council 
asseml)led with me; & the great Neglect of 
those Acco'': ])eing regularly carried on, being 
too apparent ; strlckt Care shall be taken for the 


Mr. Wm. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

future, to see tliat Fault auieiided: & I hope I 
shall not be at a Loss to iiud such a Corres- 
])oudent at Frederiea as I can conlide in, agree- 
able to their Honours good xVdvice & Direction: 
In the Interim till the particular Acco^^: of the 
Charges of the Southern Part of the Colony are 
retuni'd to our Satisfaction; no more Bills shah 
be sent thither. The 10 £ '^ Ann: fonnerly al- 
low'd to ^[^ Hawkins, will be transferr'd to one 
who may be expected to deserve it: & from 
whom we shall also look for an Account of the 
Application of the former Sola. Bills sent them, 
(Jv: for what particular Services ; or otherwise, no 
"mure such Bills must be issued to them. 

The next Paragraph of your Letter (which 
is partly a Eenewal of their Honours fonner 
Orders) requires ns to look at Home in the ,-^ , 

' ^ Orders m 

Xortli, as well as the South : .1: take Care, assoon souf 'biiS 
as may be. to transmit a full Acco': of all Sola 
Bills, & Monies of any Kind, reed for the Trus- 
tees Use, & to debet our selves -with that, at the 
same Time we take Credit for Disbursements : 
which appears to me not only very reasonable 
•'^ure: but likewise ought to be supposed without 
iiaich Difficulty attending it: tho' it has been 
too long in doing; but 1 am now in eager Ex- 
!>eotation of seeing it brought to an End speed- 
ily: scarce a Journal (I think) for a while past 
Ijas gone, without my taking Notice of it; & 
^•"iving such Eeasons to you, as were given to 
i.'io; why it has stopp'd so long. 

riicir Honour's Approbation of m}^ Dealings, Approba- 

-, -. ^ ^ "^ ^ ' tion of Mr. 

''"^ 1 did, Avith >P. Duchee, gave me Q,Teat Satis- »t«'v.^'<'."«" 


Colonial, Records 

Mr. Wm. Stephens to Mr. 

for IncUansj. 

The beacon 
at Tybee. 

Thos. Sum- 
ner, the 

r>or men's 
very coni- 


faction : my sole Ambition being, that in all I do 
my Endeavour to serve them may be look'd up- 
on with their Acceptance. 

Tlie full Explanation of what tlie Trusts ^Vill 
is, which you write, concerning the Provision 
for Indians, ought to be duly observed. 

My former Letters acquainting you how near 
we were come to a Perfection of fmishiug the 
Beacon at Tybee; I have now the Pleasure to 
tell you that I am expecting the Undertaker 
(Tho' Sumner) in very few Days, wiih all his 
Tools & Implemejits; when he will have finish 'd 
it to an Iota, iv leave it to stand firmly by it self 
without any need of Help, during one G-enera- 
tion at least: tis hoped ]\Iany. 

James Dormei'S Behaviour has indeed been 
very commendable hitherto, &: I am glad it find it 
approved of, during the Time he has fill'd that 
Station; nor do I doubt, (from the Knowledge 
I have of his Skill & Diligence) that he will pre- 
serve the Trusts good Opinion of him: but the 
Expence which the Trust has been at for some 
time past, in carrying on that Service, has been 
much too great, & look'd on l)y me as a Griev- 
ance needfuU to bi^ remedied assoon as might 
bo: not that any extraordinary Advantage ac- 
crued thereby to Dormer; but the principal 
Cau.^e of it, arose chiefly from the Want of a 
Proper Pilot Boat, fit to go off to Sea almost in 
any Weather, with good Hands &c, to board 
Ships that might need a Pilot &c: Thus blat- 
ters stood when Peter Emerv made shew of his 

Correspondence 339 

Mr. "U'm. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

The old 

Intention to take it upon him ; as is well known 
to the Trust; but after shutTling betwixt on & 
oft" for a while, whether he would or would not, 
at last he told u.s plainly he would not meddle 
with it. About that Time the old Beacon fail- 
ing, & at last falling; by which means as Shi])s 
that came on the Coast, being Strangers, must 
be in great Peril, having nothing to guide 'em: 
I was perswaded in myself, taking also M*". 
Jones's Opinion on it. that 'twas a Matter of a matter 

of coo 

too great Consequence to be neglected: where- f^eat con 

~ -i " sequence to 

fore not knowing for the present what to do "®siect. 
better, we hired a Stout Boat, & putting James 
Dormer in her, with another good Hand, & 
sometimes two, on extraordinary Occasion, Men 
& Boat were all upon Hire by the Month ; AVhen 
(still to encrease the Charge) in bad Weather 
last Winter that Boat was driven upon the Flats 
c^' Staved, & they who were in her narrowly 
savecl their Lives: the Cost of which appears 
too plain in our Acco'": To put a full Period 
to all this Confusion & uncertain Expence: I 
conceive 'twill be needfuU to provide such a 
Boat as will answer the Design; wherein (tho' 
in very little else) I think it would not be amiss 
to coppy after our Neighbours at Charles 
Town ; &; upon a sufficient Boat being provided^ 
James Dormer is desirous to take the whole 

upon him, on the Terras he offers in a Pro- James 


posal, which I herewith send Coppy of. To l^o^^^^j 

speak plainly his :\[eaning.— He alledges that io TboS 

in Case he was bound to find ]\reu & Provisions ; c^o'^ion.v? 
'twould amount to as much as his annual Stip- 


Colonial Records 

Mr. Wm. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

A reason 
able pro- 

end; & lie would have nothing to depend on him- 
self bosides the Uncertainty of Ships & Vessels 
wanting a Pilot: but upon advising him to con- 
sider a little fartlier of it; he made the Amend- 
ment we see in the Postcript ; where he insists 
only on one Hand with Provision allow 'd. I 
would not be too rash in obtruding an Opinion 
of my own ; but I find every one whom I have 
conferr'd with upon it, tells me plainly 'tis a 
reasonable Proposal ; especially considering he 
obliges himself to keep the Boat in good Re- 
pair, (R: stand to all Damages that shall accrue 
to licr: & tis something worth observing; that 
as lie is a :Man of pretty good Substance, he is 
preurpood fiWo to make good his Bargain— All this is 
bnmbly submitted to the Trustees Judgment— 
At the same Time I think the procuring such a 
Boat should no longer be delay 'd; & that all 
^feans in our Power to retrench that Expence, 
should l>e used; which in some ]\[easure is al- 
readv boi^an. 

An appro- 
priation for 
-a church. 

Mr. ^^1llte- 
field above 

"^'ou liave good Cause truly to enquire whats 
become of the £300 appropriated for building a 
( hurcli, after so long Time, & so little done in 
it. I well remember that I wrote you fully on 
that Occasion formerly; tho I cannot readily 
turn to the Date when: & no Alteration happen- 
ing sinr'o, I must give you the same in Substance 
for Answer, as I wrote then. M"". Whitefield was 
above consulting me in that, or any Thing else; 
t^' havimr reed from the General £150, as I had 
the like Sum from the Trust; He immediately 
sate some People to work, in digging 8: carting 


Mr. Wm. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

of Stones: at what Rate I was never well in- 
form 'd; but 'twas said to ho extravagant; nor 
have i had any Acco' : bince, what Money was 
paid for it. Not long- after (about Xmas 1740) 
He left us: but before he went, I made bold to 
ask him about it ; when he made me a Slight An- 
swer, that M^ Habersham should account with 
me for it, after he was gone, & calling on W. 
Habersham, he told him to do so: wherefore I 
have since at several Times given Notice of it 
to M'. Habersham; but to this Day I have got 
no Acco': from him what the Price is of those 
Stones, nor what Cash he has left in hand. The 
other 150£ which I had, I lock'd up safe as a 
sacred Depositum which 1 should esteem depoSm 

, for the 

Sacriledge, to convert to any other Purpose, church. 
AMiat the Trustees purpose, of doing that AVork 
with Stone for the Foundation, *S: the Walls to 
be of good season 'd Oak wood Work, lath'd & 
plaister'd with Oyster Shell Lime &c, is unques- 
tionably well judg'd, & will probably last many 
Years as well as come near the estimated £300. 
If it is the Trusts Pleasure to assign me a Coad- 
jutor in carrying on that Building, I shall be 
ready, & glad to give what Assistance I can in 
it: but a self Suflicieucy is what I never yet at- 
tain 'd to. 

The Plantation carrying on near the Town 
was by the Generals Appointment so long Time tion carrie-i 
since as when he was here last in y*'- Year 1740, "'® ^''^" 
intended (as 'twas said) to make a ]Muli>erry 
Orchard of it. The Trustees Servants Avho 
work upon it, are sometimes more or less in 


Colonial Records 

Mr. ^Vm. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

Soil seems 
to rice. 

Other plsm 

Number, according to their being- call'd off fre- 
quently on otlier incidental Service, which is 
incvitaljle, & often unforeseen. What they 
plant has hitherto been mostly Rice, which that 
Soil seems best adapted to.— The other Plan- 
tation, call'd Desbouvry's Farm, I have given 
so full an Acco': of in my Journal of the 28''^ 
x^pril, that 1 need not repeat it here. — There has 
De"t^u?ry-s^ ^^'^^ 110 Expeucc Created of an additional Over- 
r^rm. g^,pj. .^^ either of those Plantations; nor indeed 

any other Appointment, than one of their o^stq 
Peoj)le at each ; who by Experience were found 
to be diligent Persons; of good Knowledge in 
the M'ork ; &■ by their Carriage had an Influence 
over the Rest, inspecting & directing, & working 
with them. After too long Tryal of what was to 
be expected from an Overseer among 'em, not 
of their own Country, or Liking; being natur- 
ally ( of em) of a perverse Temper; 'twas 
judged most advisable to try this Experiment 
now in Use; which happens to answer the End, 
much more to Satisfaction: & only sending an 
Occasional Visitor among 'em, to see how they 
went on, now & then, we see a Prospect of much 
greater Increase than in any Year formerly. 

The Cop] A- of Dan': :\Iackays Claim, that he 
made on the Trust upon Oath; appears to us 
pretty surprizing. It might have been expect- 
ed, that his Breach of Trust reposed in him by 
the General, to the Amount of great Sums lost 
in the South, might have produced a little ^Mod- 
esty in him. :S[\ Jones desiring to take it with 
him to Frederica, i.^- look into it there, where he 

The copy 
of Danl. 

'J i;f .voa 



Mr. Wm. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

Capt. ratk. 



is now going again ; I put it into his Hands to 
consider of. As to Cap'. Paf": ]\[ackays De- 
mand, after so many attempts to make up his 
xV^co^: in vain, for his Services in the Indian 
Nation; before the Time of my first coming 
here: I am well assured 'tis past the Under- 
standing of any of our best Accomptants; but 

what appears plainest, is a Charge of Sundry s JjlJ^'/^^ 
which he stands Debtor for: This likewise M 

to Doco. 

Jones t^kes into his Keeping: as also those 
other Papers sent relating to Doc° Hawkins; 
who, by reason of the Ships meeting with so 
long Passage, that brought us so lately your 
Letters of the 14'^ Dee""; was too nimble; & got 
Payment of a large Sum of Money from M'. 
Jones when last there; which he would have 
stopt, if he might, at that Time: but much more 
vv'ould he now, on the Eeceipt of what you write : 
& I expect he will so far look into these three 
Particular Affairs before mention 'd, whilst he 
is in the South, that the Trustees may have 
what Satisfaction can be come at. — 

I am vei'y glad to be informed, that the Trus- 
tees were intending to take our Guard ])uty into 
(-Consideration; t^' make no Doubt but they'll be 
pleas 'd to furnish me with such Orders, & In- 
structions, as will enforce a due Obedience. 

^I" Camuse has appear 'd easy for a good 
while past; & is busy now in winding off the -^^^ge^now 
Silk; but having made some Remarks on this 
Occasion in my Journal; I would ask leave to 
refer to that; ^particularly, :\[ay 10'^ & 2G^^ & 
when we come to know the Tot.'d Produce of this 

if ted 


CoLONLVL. Records 

Mr. M'm. Stephens 

Mr. Verelst. 

Mrs. Ca- 

muse's aver 

sion to 
biinglng up 
in art of 

in silk 

Dr. Hawk. 

ins" ac- 

Year (whidi will be soon) I shall be able to 
write more fully: in the mean Time I find her 
shewing- the same Aversion still fo bring np 
Children in the Art of winding Silk, which she 
thinks (with the English Proverb) is breeding 
up young Birds to pick out her Eyes.— I under- 
stand u])on Enquiry, that Chris : Burgimieister 
wlioni you mention 'd, is wholly unskill'd in that 
Part of the Silk Manufacture here, which de- 
mands our greatest Care to provide for. Pro- 
l«ah]y in my next I may write more fully on this 
iliad: which indeed requires good Considera- 

Your Letter of the 9'\ Feb> : consisting wholly 
of the Minutes made by the Committee of Ac- 
co^-^: relating to Doc^ Hawkins; has been laid 
before the Board of President & Assistants : but 
all tliat can be said to it at present, Youll tind 
in the Minutes of that Board of the 2"^ Ins^: 
which I ask leave to refer to: from whence it 
appears that M^ Jones, after long withstanding 
the Doctors Importunity whilst at Frederica, 
^vas authorized to pay him a large Sum of 
Money in full Discharge of Sundry Demands as 
T* 3vec'\ by which means the Trustees Order.^ 
thereon, now sent, I fear are out of our Reach 
to fulfill : & moreover upon the Doctors drawing 
a Bill on me for his Quarterly Demand due at 
Lady Day last, as Stated ^1 Estimate; not con- 
ceiving any Reason to refuse it at that Time, I 
accepted & paid it, amounting to £14 : 00 : 10. 
By these Means the Doctor has brought to pass. 


Mr. Wm. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

what he aimed at; & probably laughs in his 
Sleeve at his o^vn P^xploits & Craftiness. 

Your next is of the 16'" of Peb^'; wherein I 
learnt the Silk Chest was come safe, & shall be Jr*].tva?'^*' 
glad if it pleases. Having already in this Letter °uk'"'chest. 
taken some Notice of M'^ Camuse &c, in xVuswer 
to yours of l-i'^^. Dec', & purposing to write more 
particularly on that Affair by another Occas- 
ion ; I pass it over 'till then. 

I receiv'd the Bottle of Salitrum Seeds, & 

have been dispersing it among my Neighbours saiitrum 


as well for planting as for present Use in Time i-eceived. 
of Need, together with Coppies of those Eec*'': 
sent with it. 

The several Constitutions sent, were deliv- 
er 'd as appointed, & every Thing done neces- The several 
saiy on that Ocea.sion, as you'll please to be in- tutions. 
form'd in my Journal of the 15^'^ & 17'\ of May. 

The Chest for the Saltzburghers was deliv- a chest for 

-, o the Saltz- 

erea sate. burghers. 

Herewith I send you the Note that I got M' 
Mathews to sign soon after I reed it, as you 
directed: which happen'd to be in good Time, 
since he is lately dead. S^ 

Your very humble Servant 

Will: Stephens. 


Wm. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

(From B. P. B. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 
Letter fiujm AVm. Stephens Esq^. to Mr. Har- 




Savannah 9^^^ of June 1742. 

Dear Sir 

I know no surer Evidence of any Mans real 
Disposition to serve his Friend, than by giving 
him timely Notice of what he apprehends may 
turn out to his Injury, if not well guarded 
against. This I have happily found sufficient 
'J'e.stiniony of from several cautionary Letters 
lo co\^'^ which you have been so good to write me, in 
fon^J'^'viie lv<'hition to my Sons vile Behaviour whose Ac- 
tions liave been too manifest to allow of Mitiga- 
tion, nor Lave I ever attempted it, I am very 
su]x\ but have shewn an utter Detestation of his 
wicked Proceedings, whenever I have found Oc- 
casion to make mention of him, in any of my 
Letters or Journals, Three of your kind Let- 
ters are novr before me, viz of the 6 of June: 9 
Nov', <S: 14 Dec^ The first of these came to 
Hand about ]\Iieh — mas; when to my great 
Grief, »S: without the least Expectation, He was 
got to Savannah again; & ^^'ith what Intention 
could it be, but to stir up all the ]\Iischief his 
base Heart h;id conceiv'd? I was so far from 

Correspondence 347 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

shewing him any Countenance, that I watch 'd 
all his ^^lotions as far as I could attain to any 
Possibility of knowing- 'em: & upon looking 
over my Journal of that Season, whilst he made 
his Abode in Georgia, from 28 Sep-", to 28 Ocf: 
inclusive, I do not apprehend there is the least 
shadow of any Suspicion to arise that I had 

No con. 

placed the least Confidence in him; but treated [11^3*'^;^^® j„ 
him equally with Indignation & Contempt. The ^iVnation 
next of vours, of 9th NoV : imports alike with tempr^' 

" 1 1 x» 1 shown him. 

the former, your Opinion and thoughts or the 
fatal Consequences which probably might en- 
sue, from the Influence he took such Pains to 
have, upon the People here, to leave the Col- 
ony; in order to colour a Proof of his Asper- 
sion in England, that they cannot live without 
Xegroes, & Liberty to sell their Lands; & to en- 
deavour thereby to distress the Tiiistees into 
Compliances, which may possibly end their 
Trust &<;. After having fully taken Notice of 
his whole Behaviour here during the Time of 
his Abode among us (which I did in all my 
Writings at that Season) I could add no more; 
knowing he was on his Passage for England: 
but upon the Rec': of your Letter of the 14"" 
Dec""; 1 find he was got to his former Station 
again, doing the Work of those who had so 
worthily employ 'd him; wherein he has gone 
such Lengihs as one would imagine the Devil 
himself had been his Prompter; to spread such 
abominable Falshoods of his own Father: nor 
have I any way left, to vindicate my Innocence 
from such vile Aspersions; but a flat denial of 

.\ bo mi HA bid 
iihout own 

348 CoLONLAj^ Records 

AVm. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

my eoncurriug with liim in entertaiuing the 
least Opinion of Negroes being necessary for 
the Snj>j)ort of tlie Colony: & herein I appeal to 
the Seardu'r of all Hearts, before whom I must 
sliortly answer for the Truth of what I now 
utter; that 1 am no way conscious of my ever 
writing or saying any Thing, that could give 
Koom to imagine such a Thought was conceiv'd 
witliin me. But I think it pretty plainly ap- 
pears now, that after so much Calumny cast on 
me for so long Time past, in Order to deprive 
me of that good Opinion the Hon''"' Trustees 
liave been so kind to preserve, of my honest 
Endeavours in their Service; they have agreed 
among themselves to defame me in this Manner 
both in England & here: a flagrant Instance of 
which you will fmd in my Journal of the T^ of 
this Mouth, .lust now it occurs to my Thoughts 
Son uont ^'^^^^ ^'>>' ^'^^' went liouic in the same Ship with 
SVuh the Chest of Silk : but that was no fault of mine, 
of Fiik, *but nor to be avoided: the Chest had lain a long 

no fanlt . . ^ 

SL^hL- while in Cliarles Town v\'aiting for a Passage: 

Stepncns. ~ -^ 

it being a Season when Ships are coming from 
England, l)ut few going; 'twas unknown to me, 
till aftci- tlic Ship sail'd, that both went on the 
same Bottom; whether or not he knew it I cant 
tell ; but I am sure he never was acquainted with 
the Quantity or Contents, nor any one else but 
the 'J'rustees, from me: could this create any 
Suspicion of my placing too great a Confidence 
in him? 1 cannot think it. I know not what to 
add farther in my Justification: but having thus 
discharg'd my Conscience, I must humbly sub^ 



Wni. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

niit it to tliosc IIoii^'': Persons to judge of my 
Fidelity as they see good, which is what I set 
the liighest Vahie on of any Thing in Life: 
AMiilst I must look on my unnatural Sou as no 
longer worthy a Father's Kegard from me: hut 
I pray God forgive him. 

I beg Leave (Sir) on this Occasion to men- 
tion somewhat of a ditTerent Kind, that creates 
a little Disturbance in my Thoughts; wherein 
I must naturally apply to you for Ease, who 
know how to give it as a Friend, consistent still 
with that Honour iS: Duty which is so conspicu- 
ous in all your Actions that regard the Trust. 
It is, relating to ^I''. Bosomwortli; a young Man 
sent over hither & intended as a Writer under 
me: ydiora I should injure, not to say that I 
think him endued with several Qualifications, 
which in some other Employments, probably 
might make him. appear to more Advantage, 
lie had not been here many Weeks last Winter, 
before he wrote me a Letter, which he deliver'd 
with his own Hand, wherein he expressed great 
Uneasiness at the Appointment provided for 
him; setting forth how much he was disappoint- 
('d in what he was bade to expect; Xot without 
some unbecoming Reflections; which I keep by 
nie; hoping there will be no Occasion given of 
my producing 'em thro' Xecessity; but rather I 
^vould wish 'em buried in Oblivion : I confess it 
a little startled me, & I could not avoid constru- 
ing it Weakness in his Judgment to put such a 
better into my Hands; however brillant Parts 
lie had otherwise to boast of. The next Occas- 

son. no 
worthy of 

to Mr. 

ed in ap- 

350 Colonial Records 

A student 
in Divinity 
or a W'ntt;r 
of iyrlcks. 

Mr. Doht 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

ion given of his being taken Notice of by me in 
another Manuer, was what I sent you in my 
Jourual of the H"' & 14^'^ March: where he ap- 
pears a Student in Divinity: at other Times 
jierhaps, a writer of Lyricks, or some other De- 
monstration of the Mercury being not yet well 
fixed. In my Letter to you of tlie 20'\ March, 
I find a loJig Paragraph again relating to him, 
which I beg leave to refer you to, wherein you'll 
please to observe what a Desire I had if possible 
to settle him in some usefull Station; which 
indeed I should be very glad to see: but it hap- 
pening so that M^ Dobell coming hither with the 
S'nrmctu A|>i>oiiitinent of Eegister, knock 'd all that 
as register. Scheme of ours in the Head: & on the 28'^ May 
You'll find in my Journal, M". Bosomworth 
giving up all he had in his Custody, belonging 
to the Register, to M'. Dobell, whom it belong'd 
to: cK: in the same Paragraph I added a fev\- 
Words on that Occasion <S:c. Good Sir, let me 
have your Advice & Assistance how to get out 
of this Perplexity. Twas impossible for me to 
cany on, what was my Duty to be punctual in, 
without the Plelp of a proper AVriting Clerk: 
M'. Bosomworth not thinking it worth his while : 
I was under a Necessity of finding one where I 
could; & have provided a Person that hitherto 
lias behav'd well; nor have I any Cause given 
me to doubt the Contrary; but accordinly en- 
gaged with him for £25 ^ Ann to commence 
from Lady Day last; expecting M^ Bosom- 
worth to be otherwise provided for as before 
said. You dont want to be shewn, where the 


Mr. Jo Terr>- to the Trustees. 

Shoe Pinches, I am sure : cK: 1 can also hope, with 
a modest Assnranee, that you will lend an help- 
ing Hand to him [torn] is, so many Ways al- 

Dear Sir 

Your most obliged hmuble Servant 
AVill: Stepli'ens. 

P. S. 

Twill give me great pleasure if I can be so 
fortunate to meet with any thing peculiar to 
this Country, worth the acceptance of a Lady, 
whose curiosity seems to lead her into an en- 
quiry after such productions of Nature as are 
not common : wherein I shall do my best to at- 
tain that Success w'^ I wish for. 

(From B. P. R 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter from Mk. Jo Terky. Record^ . of 
Fredekica to the Trustees. 17 June 1742 
Recp 12 Jax^'. 1742/3 


Aly Lords and Gentlemen 

As you were })leased to Say Y'. Commands 
ou me before I Left England To Inform you 
from time to time of the State of this part of 
tlio Collony, (The well fare of w''\ you have So 
Mu(h at herirt) T hope that the few Hints I pre- 
-Hino to Lav before You And W^. T think have a 

A few 

) M .4 n ffio-i'^) 

Xi.U i;!! a>:Ol 



Colonial Records 

Mr. Jo Terrj- to the Trustees. 

tions maJe 
^vbile In 

Tandancy to forward the perfecting of your 
Good works Will meet w^^. Y'. Hon".. xV])roba- 

I shall not pretend My Lords & Gentlemen to 
Trouble you with a Particular Acco*. of its 
Situation Nor of its Climat Being well assured 
you Are perfectly Well informed of the same, 
Therefore I humbly beg Leave to inform you of 
what Observations I have Made Since I am in 
tliis Country, And w^^. I think most Essential 
for you to Know, To the End you So Justly 
jn-opose to your Selves in the Propagating of 
Tliis Collony, And Iiendring it UsefuU & Ad- 
vantageous to His Majesty — 

Planters therefore My Lords ^ Gentlemen 
are of Course very Usefull. And Absolutly 
Xe>sesnry for that End, The Lands here Are 
very much Incumbered w"'. Trees,, And 
I'ermato roots in Abundance, w''^, renders the 
Clearing of Land Extream Difficult, Charge- 
able, and Tegious, if a planter that hath Xo Ser- 
vants And of Course Must hire Labouring Men 
to Clear his Land, Such a planter Certainly 
Needs to liave a great deal of Money, And as 
there Comes here but very few Loaded w'*". that 
metal few therefore Can Clear & improuve Such 
Lands, without the help of Servants But had 
jMabor/iS'^' E\en a man PA-er So much ^Mouey in this place, 
he cannot find Labouring Men to do his work. 
And the few that Are to be had, (The same be- 
ing all Soldiers Since there is no others,) Vo 
Insist and will have So Extravigant a prise. 

Land very 
much eii- 
with trees. 

Correspondence 353 

Mr. Jo Terry to the Trustees. 

tliat in short A man had better be without Land, 
To this Exhorbitant Charge of Men's Labour 
Must be Considered And Added, a Man & his 
family's Expeuces During the time of his Clear- 
ing & Building, in a place where all Kind of 
Provissions Are So Often Scarce & dear. And 
the Many Casual Accidents that often happens 
to Crops Before it is off the Grounds, All this 
is Enough Not only to Discourage, but to Dis- 
tract & Beggar a Man who before was worth 
Two or Three hundred pounds 

A poor Man that takes but five Acres of Land 
And can Clear it himself Ilath a Much better 
prospect of Doeing well, Because he doth his 
own Labour & Disburces no Money for it And 
Besides he hath Y\ Hon". Bounty to Subsist 
hiui And his familly for one year, \y^^\ is a double 
& Even a Triple Advantage, And Then it is to 
be Supposed As he Clears he plants w'^. a 
planter w'^. out Servants Camiot, Altho Ser- 
vants Are very Chargeable to a planter Especi- 
ally During the first year Yet they Arc So Ab- 
solutly Necessary to him that he Cannot do any 
Ihiug without them, And by their Labour they 
Soon Impower the planter to Bear Such Char- 
ges And Even to Make the Same become Ad- 
vantagious and Beneficial to the Planters by 
<"learing And improuving Such quantities of 
I-and As finds them in all ^^lanner of Goods, 
And Even Some to Spare & Carry to Market, 
And without Such assistance from you My 
Lords & Gentlemen, Xone but Men with a planti- 
^ull fortune And a Xumber of Servants hath 

necessary to 
a planter. 


< tno .'"7; 

354 CoLONLu. Records 

Mr. Jo leri-y to the Trustees. 

Any business to Attempt to Clear & Plant Land 
in This Country, And as the wellfare <S: pros- 
perity of this Collony is in Great ^Measure De- 
pending on the Improvements the poor j^lanters 
Can Make you will after a Serious Examination 
of the same be Intirely Convinced of the Xeces- 
sity of Sending Servants To it, There is hardly 
an Oflicer in this Island But what have Long 
Since taken 50 Acres of Land, And if they had 
had Servents I am Confidant & well Assured, 
Here "Would be Considerable line improuve- 
ments, And for the want of w^**., their Lands 
Now Lies as it did before the Island was In- 
habited, And it is demonstratively plain by the 
afore Mentionned Reasons, that if Y^ Hon"", 
would Be pleased to Send us from time to time, 
One hundred or More Servants you "Would My 
Lords «!^: Gentlemen in a few years have the 
pleasuie to hear of this place Being in a very 
florishing Condition.— 

There is Not One Officer here but what would 
Gladly i)ay for the Passage of Such Servants as 
they Are Realy in want of to Clear & Settle 
them upon Their Land, for the General Cla- 
mour here is the want of Servants, And witJi 
Sucli Ilelj) & assistance, Both Gentlemen & plan- 
ters will be Able to plant & Cultivate their 
Lands, w'^^ Cultivation will w'\ tlieT^Blessings 
of God find us in all manner of Necessaries, 
Tlieu we should not Beggar Our Selves by Dear 
Labour c^- the Sending of our ]\Ioney to Carolina 
& New York, where we pay a most Extravigant 
Prise for Everv thing we ha^■e from thence. 

Correspondence 355 

Mr. Jo Terry to the Trustees. 

servants a 



Any business to Attempt to Clear & Plant Land 
Both by tlie Assistance of Servants Labour And 
the Endeavours of the Phinters Each in their 
Several Other Capacities, And Again My 
Lords and Gentlemen you would Reap the 
pleasure of Seeing this Country prosper Which 
you do much Deserve for your Continual Cares 
& attentions for the good of the Colony, Where- want of 
as the want of Servants will perpetually be the 
Greatest Obstructiou that Can be to the well 
-Doeiug of the Country. 

There is here but two or three famillys that 
have Servants who will all Be out of their time 
Next ^lichaelmas, Then Such famillys or plan- 
ters will Be disabled, And of Course their 
Lands must Lye waste & incult, whereas if They 
could get Xew Servants in the Eoom of those 
that will shortly Leave Them, then they could 
Go on, and the place & thejnselves would 
thrive — 

Here is a very fine Track of Land Near three 
Miles in Lenth [sic] from this Town Laid out 
in 50 Acre Lotts, And all Taken But Every 
Propriator wants Servants to Clear And Plant 
their Land, And if we Cannot be Supplied w'\ 
such the Giving away the Whole Island in 50 or 
More or Less Acres of Land, will not avail any 
thing for if you Except a few Soldiers that are 
Settled Near the Camp of S^ Simon Each of 

them On One Acre Lott of w'". they all have very few 


^lade Gardens, And w'^. Gardens are of Ex- mt^ts 

tream Service to the s''. Camp, xVnd a few More 
Settled at Hampton on five Acre Lotts, there 



CoLONiAii Records 

Mr. Jo Terry to the Trustees. 

Dr. Holzen- 
dorf made 
some im. 

Men spared 
from the 
works to 

A few 

settled in 
a little 

are very few improuvements Made, that Really 
deserves Tlie Name of improuvements Capt". 
Demere .^r Doctor Hawkins Are the only Two 
that are Any thing forward, the first had his 
Soldiers to work for him to whom He gave nine 
])enoc a day hesides their pay w'\ is 15^ p day, 
»5c that is the prise that Others that have Not a 
('om})any of Soldiers, Must pay to Snch as they 
Can Get to work for them, the Other hath all- 
ways had Servants and is Now Likely to be 
without Any soon— Doctor Holzendorf hath 
Also ]\Iade some small Improuvements But all 
of it. As well As my self by hired Labour, Y^ 
Hon", have in my Letter a true Ace*, of what I 
have done & of the Sum it hath Already Cost 
me And if you Consider the short thne I have 
been here y. Hon". I am well assured will think 
I have done a great deal, And in Reallity Moj-e 
thon Sucli as were here Six Years before me, its 
true that Gen'. Oglethorpe did Spare me men 
from the Kings works to build me My house, 
there being here Neither houses nor Lodging To 
be had, And when my house, & Out houses &c\ 
will be finished, w'^. I hope will be In a very 
few days, then all My works & Clearing will be 
at an End my Cash Being quite Exhausted, 
Consequantly Incapable to proceed w^'^.out the 
help of Servants & that of a Little ]\[oney 

AVhen I shall have Mentiond to Y'. Hon^'. a 
few Germans Settled here in a little Village I 
think that is all that private people have done 
here, and if I Mistake not Gen'. Oglethorpe's 
farm is worth all the rest, its true Great many 

Correspondence 357 

IMr. Jo Terry to the Trustees. 

Have build Little Imtts on their Lotts but as for ^^^ q^j^ 
improuvemeiits tliey Can ^lake None for waut of fa?nf^^orth 
Servants W". is a Gen', tye to all our hands and 
what Stops Clearing & planting— 

My Lords & Gentlemen from the Knowledge 
I have of the ill Succes of a person who attemp- The m 
ted to Cultivate Vinvards Near Savannah, and an^atter^pt 

to cultivate 

the UnExpected Disa})pointment yon Mett w'*". a vineyard, 
in his Undertakins: I am allmost afraid to pro- 
pose Any thing of this Nature to Y'. Ilon''^ But 
Least you should Think to meet w'*'. the same 
w'^. me I very freely offer to Make over to 
whom You Shall Think proper My houses, Land, ^ security 
c^- improuvemeuts for the Security of one Hun- ^^^®^- 
dred pounds to iunable me to go on w*''. Yin- 
yards, w''^. hundred pounds I shall be Content to 
receive from Gen'. Oglethorpe by Ten Pounds 
at a time As my Improuvemeuts shall Go on, if 
you will be pleased to Grant me that favour, 
which Sum I hope to be able to repay in three 
Or four years, or Sooner, \\^^. a Great many 
tlianks, I have allready transplanted Some ^ud^^p^lnts 
IJoots of Wild Alnes And Grafted them, And S'SXd. 
No Yines in the world Can Come on or Look 
better then they do, having allready Given Some 
Signs of Grapes, And am Sure that Next Year 
they will be Loaded w"". them — 

If my Money was Not all gone, or my Sallery 
So Small I wou'd this next Winter & spring 
Transplant & Graft a Great Many Vines, And 
from the Beautifull prospect that I have of 
their well doeing, I am sorry &- Grive Much that 
1 have it Not in My power to go on so Briskly 


Colonial. Eecords 

Mr. Jo Terry to the Trustees. 

by some, 
caused by 
tions, etc. 

While at 

with horror 
at con- 

as I could if I had Money. But My Lords & 
Geutlemeii — I am Not half So Anxious or De- 
sirous to obtain this Sum from you As I am to 
Merit your Good will And favours, w"'. is the 
first thin.<^ I humbly Crave of Y\ Hon''", because 
I should bo extreamly Sorry to be Indebted of 
Such a Sum to you, if thro the Envy And Malice 
of Some people of this Collony, I should after- 
Avards By their Insinuations be Tum'd out of 
my ])lace, or My Advancement hind 'red By 
Keason 1 See full well it is the Daily practise of 
some ]-)eople in this Collony for then I should 
think my self Doubly wretched, And the Dis- 
grace So much the ^fore Agravating, when I 
should think it proceeded from No other Cause, 
then the ArtfuU Malice of ill Nature S: wicket 
Persons, The ]\rany Instances I have Seen of 
Such practice Since I am here Makes me Dread 
th<' ('on-o(iuance, for wliilest I was at Savannah 
I was so Struck w'\ liorror, that I Eealy was 
allmost determind to go to Uharles Town 

Therefore :\[ost Hon'^ Lords & Gentlemen 
I beg the Ilon^^ Board May take me Under their 
protection, And Not to give Credit to Any in- 
sinuations Against me till you have Seriously 
Examined the Same for tho the whole Country 
shews me Great Esteem & respect and that I 
have Gained the Applause of Every body, at 
Least Soemiuly, yet I have hints that Ingius 
will be if they are not yet Sett to work to Ruin 
me in Y\ lion", good opinion, in ■vr\ I hope 
they never will Succeed for My Conduct & Be- 
haviour shall allways be Such as Never to merit 

Correspondence 359 

Mr. Jo Terry to the Trustees. 

your Displeasure, but to the Contraiiy as will 
I hope draw on me y"". favour and my advance- 
ment, And if Y'. Hon'", thinks yon Can repose 
any Confidence in me, and that I am worthey, if 
not to be advanced, at Least to be Continued in 
the post you have been pleased to bestow on me, 
and that you Can with Safety intrust me w'^. 
the above money Under the above Conditions, 
I shall be glad to have a Share in inprouviug 
the CoUony — 

I am with all the Eespect and Submission 

Most hon"^ Lords and Gentlemen, 

Y'.. Hon". 
Most obedient & Dutyfull Servant 
John Terry. 

Frederica 17'^' June 1742. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Copy of letter from ]\tR. Jo Terry Recorder of 
Fp.fdfrica to the Right Hox^^^^. The Lords 
And Gentlemen Trustees, for Establishing 
THE Collony of Georgia, 17 June 1742, Recd 
12 Jan^^^ 1742/3 

Most Hon'''. Gentlemen 

I should Think My Self Very Much. Want- 
ing in My Dutj^ to Y^ Hon". If I should in Any 
Ways Be Negligent And Unmindfull to Express 

[ .H .n uioi'i) 

360 Colonial Kecoeds 

Mr. Jo Terry to the Trustees. 

of PYederica. 

all passen 
gers on 
way over. 

to you in the most Gratefull ]\[anner My Sin- 
fck'.owi- c-ero Ackuouledgem^ for the favour of Appoint- 
for^Thf Lp- in- Mie Kecorder Of this place, In wliicli Office I 

poiiitment *■ .,-, , , ^-, ^ a i /*< 

^fll'zT'^.fL s^iall All ways Endeavour to Leliave And Lom- 
porte my Self As a Man Wortlicy of the Same, 

M\ A^^relst to who I have Sent An Ace*, of the 
A\'ellfare of all the people That Came with Me, 
As well As of all that happened During the 
Voyai:e will I hope Lay the same Before you, 
Therein Are Sundry Particulars which I Eefer 
to y^ Consideration And from the Kno^^^l 
AVorth (Jc goodness of Y^ Hon^. AVill, I am well 
Sarge of Assurwl Meet with an Unanimous Applause 
And Consent, First, The Charge & Care that 
Avas Given me of all the Passengers On Board. 
To Deliver Out their provissions According to 
the Manner And Order given To Me in AYriting, 
To See the Same well And Cleanly Drest, And 
had at proper hours— To Administer phisick to 
the Sick According to the AA'ritten prescrip- 
tiou.s That they were all AVell Use'd, And No 
Di.^turbance happen Amongst them, xVll w^^. I 
have Duely And faithfully Executed with An In- 
tinit Deal of fatigues to the Ditterment [sic] of 
uiy he.'ilth w^''. was T^ike to have cost me the loss 
of a Leg the Cure of w'^\ hath been A^ery Ex- 
].encif [sic] to me, And can w'^ truth presume 
To say tliat my Care of them all was such, As 
with the Assistance of God, Saved the Lives of 
Afany, which will plainly Appear to Y'. Hon", 
from the Unhappy Circumstances of the Poor 
And Unfortunate people that were ship'd On 
Board the Europa Capt" AYadham Of w^\ I sup- 

lost leg 




Correspondence 361 

Mr. Jo Terrj' to the Trustees. 

pose you have been Informed Before this time, 
And from the Certificates Sent to S^ M". Verelst 
of the Several! Company's ship'd Under My 
Care, And the ill Usage And Treatment I ree"^. m yg^ge 
from Capt"". Lemon for Executing in the most 
punctual Manner The Orders & Charge Above 
Mentionned, As will all so Appear from a Col^py 
of M^ Bosomworlhs Journal w*"^. is Also In- 

and treat- 
ment re- 
ceived from 


Mr. Bosom- 

closed to S'. M^ Verelst, And beg Leave to Re- J^^l]l'^l 
command the Same to your Consideration, — 
And After which 1 am Satisfied my whole Con- 
duct will be Approved And Some Eecompence 
thought of for the same, for which I shall be 
very thankful!. Having Ever Sijiee my xVri- 
vial [sic] at this place Which was On the 12^''. 
of January Last, having been Detained Near 
five weeks at Savannah at Very Great Ex- 
pences, having also taken 50 Acres of Land of 
W\ I Now have Seven Acres Clear 'd. And plan- 
ted w'^. Corn & pease And built a very Good 
house & out houses there on in which I am go- 
ing to Live, (Distance from the Town) two 
veiy short Miles, wliich hath Already Cost me 
Upwards of £S0 Sterling And have to this day 
no Less then 9 ]\Ien tliere at work And find the 
Payment of their Labour Every Saturday Very 
hard, In this Sum is Not Comprised The Many 
Gratifications His Excellency Gen'. Oglethorpe 
Bestowed On ^le to forward The same, Such 
As 2 Men's Labour for 30 Days, 5000 Shingles 
to Cover my house, the Carriage of 7 or 800 
Bushells of Lime & Oyster shells, the Loan of a 




and planted, 

and a 




Colonial Records 

Mr. Jo Terr>' to the Trustees. 

Gen. Ogle- 
in encour- 
people to 
settle in 
the Colony 

to satisfy 
some people. 

Little ^loney And Many Other things Worthy 
of Ackiiowledgeni'. But too Tidious to Mention, 
all \\'-\ llath been of very Great Service to Me, 
And Consequantly a Great Encouragem\ to be. 
[sic] Come a planter, I had Often heard Even 
Jiefore I came to this Collony of his Excellen- 
cy's Goodness in Encouraging people that Came 
to Settle here. But now I am Not Only an Eye 
Witness of his Bounty But Even a partaker of 
the same, And Such is that Worthey Gentle- 
man's Sentim^\ & Emulation for the AVellfare 
& propagating of the Collony, that His Excel- 
lency Realy Extends his Benevolance to Every 
One who Craves His Assistance, Notwithstand- 
ing the Out Cry of Some Unsatisfied people to 
who I beleive That if his Excellency would Give 
them Ids Estate, would hardly be Contented— 
The in the Mean if peoples Discontent is Diiely 
Considered & Examined it will be found That it 
Arisses from Nothing Else But the want of Ser- 
vants of w^^ the In Closed paper will More par- 
ticularly Inform Y^ Hon^. 

Mr. Gray 
the high, 

I Humbly Beg Leave :\rost Hou^^ Gentlemen, 
to 01>serve to you that :^P. Gray, the highlaiiders 
Conducter was to have had £50 to Come w-'. the 
s^. highlanders if I ILad Not been to have Come 
\\'\ them And that £25— was paid at Savannah 
to M^ Mgera for Coming w'\ the Saltzburgh- 
ers, And As I have had all the Trouble »S: rec^. 
so much 111 Usage & Treatment from Capt°. 
Lemon, I hope Y^ Hon", will Consider me for 

Correspondence 363 

Mr. John Terry to Mr. Verelst. 

the same, who am w'\ all the respects & sub- 
mission possible 

Most Ilon^'^ Gentlemen 

Yonr most obediant 
and most Dntyfull Serv'. 
John Terry. 

Frederiea in Georgia the 17''' of June 1742. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter from ^vfR. John Terry to IIarman 
Verelst Esq^. In London 

Savannah in Georgia 2S'\ December 1741. 


Theese few lines will inform you of our safe 
Arivial [sic] In this place on the Second ms\ 
without (thanks be to God) Any xVccidents 
having happen 'd to us in Our Voyage, all the 
Saltzburghers Landed here in very Good health -^the'"""' 
Not one having died during the Said voyage, o?lr. 
the Eecruits were also In Good health when 
the[y] Landed, As to the Highlanders we Lost 
about Six or seven Childrens Included, the rest 
l^anded in Extream Good health, 1 wisli with all 
my heart Sir it was in my power to give you So 
Agreable an Ace', of the 174 German Suisses ^ 
the Europa Capt". John AVadham who Arived 
liere two days after us, forty or Upwards Died 
in the passage And Near As Alany Since they 

f /.{ .a moiT) 


Colonial Records 

Mr. John Terry to Mr. Verelst. 

A sketch 
of Capt. 


than the 
rattle ones 
in .-^a 

Landed, tins is all I can have the hon^ to write 
to you at ])resent, so soon as I shall be at fred- 
erica t^hall Scud you a full Acc\ of our Voyage 
w'\ a Sketch of Capt". Lemon's Behaviour The 
truth of w'\ ] hope will be so well Certified as 
to Leave you No room to Doubt The Veracity 
thereof, Ikit if Capt". Lemou should reach Lon- 
don before I can send you Such an Ace', please 
Sir to Suspend the forming of Any Judgem'. on 
what 1m' May Say to you till Such time you re- 
ceive my ])acket — 

Please Sir to present my Duty to the hon. 
the Truriti-es & make them Acquainted with this. 
And my Service to W. John Simpson & tell him 
that my Next will bring him an Acc\ of the pro- 
visions, I have been Keapt here till Now at very 
Large Exp"^ And As my presence is of Xo 
further Service here I Expect to go to frederiea 
in 2 or 3 days, for I long Very Much to get out 
of Savannah, for there are here human Snakes 
^fueh ^Tore Dangerous than the Rattle Ones &c. 

Please Sir to Continue to fav^ me with your 
Esteem for my Endeavours shall Allways tend 
to merit it & .shall Ever Subscribe myself witli 
tlie Utmost Sincerity And respect &c. &c. 

narm:ni Verelst Esq^ 

In London 

Frederiea 17''' June 1742. 



Above you have the Coppy of my Last from 
Savanna i- The Contents of w''^ I confirm And 


Mr. John Terry to Mr. Verelst. 

hope you rec^ the same. The Last Letter I 
wrote to you from Enghind, was from ports- 
mouth the 14'". Oct^ Last— Being then on shore 
Getting of water. And As our Ship was then 
preparing to get L'ndersail whilst I was there 
Avriting the said Letter I remember I concluded 
the Same in a very Abrupt manner, w''\ was Oc- 
casionned by Tlie liurry I was in to get on board 
w'" I hope you will Excuse — 

A day or two After we had Lost the Sight of 
the Land of England We Mett w'\ a Dutch 
Dogger 40 or 50 Leagues off the Start iVnd by 
him wrote you a few Lines ^^. I hope you also 

A Dutch 

Sir, in answer to your Much Esteemed fav^ 
of the S'^. of said Month w'\ I rec^ at ports- 
mouth The Eev^ M^ Orton And M^ Bosom- 
worth According to your desired took Upon ac' 

:Mr. Orton's 
and Mr. 

them the Trouble of Journalizing all Material mss 

Circumstances that happened during our Voy- 
age as well as Capt°. Lemon's Behaviour, be- 
cause they had more Leisure time to do it than 
I had. And Doubt Xot but One or both of them 
have E'er now tran.^mited the Same to you, for 
they oftener have opportunities to send Letters 
to England from thence then we have here, for 
since my Arivial at this place w^". was on the 
12'^. of Jan""^ Last, I mett w"\ no opportunities 
to send Letters to England 

Having observed to you Sir, that I had not 
time to Journalize Any thing Tn our Voyage on 
Acc\ of the :Nrultip]ieity of things T had to Mind, 

voyage ov( 


Colonial Records 

Mr. John TeiTy to Mr. Verelst. 

Copy of 
Mr. Bosom- 
of the 
by Col. 

Xo great 
of Col. 

Xo place 
in world 
as f.imou.s 
as Georis'ia 
for artilice 
and deceit. 

in the 

I was Therefore at a Loss to make a Recapitu- 
lation of wliat happned durmg our Said ^""07- 
age, w"''. Oblig-ed me to have recourse to M'. 
Bosomworlhs Jourual therefore I wrote to him 
And Desired him to fav^ me with the most 
material Circumstances that passt in Our Said 
Voyage, And the Said Gentleman In Answer to 
my ]^etter, told ISle he had been requested by W. 
Stephens to write down what had happned dur- 
ing the whole voyage, that he 7uight be Able to 
Send An Acc\ of to England, which he sais he 
did And Sent me a Coppy of what he gave to 
M^ Stephens, w'\ is Signed w'\ his Own hand. 
And the More to assertain the truth thereof 
ofers to take his Oath as well as the Other 
Gentlemen, And As I am Since Credibly inform- 
ed that M\ Stephens has Not Sent to England 
the said Ace'. And As None but God knows what 
he v\-rote Upon that head, being Aprehensif that 
I liave Xo great share of his favours— And for 
what reason I Solemnly declare I Know Xot. I 
thout [sic] proper to Send you a Coppy of the 
Same and Even upon Oath to be a true One, 
there are Strange Juggles in this Countiy Sir, 
And am very Sure that Xo place in the Wovl .1 
is so famous As Georgia for Uncommon Artilice 
and Deceit, And 1 Cant help Saying that the 
Hon. the Trustees are most Strangely imposed 
upon in a great Many things, were they Ac- 
quainted w'". the Maleverssations of this Col- 
lony a thoronout [sic] Change in the Ministry 
Must then Inssue. But as this is a Rock where- 
on a man :\Inst innevitablv be ^Vrackt if he ined- 


Correspondence 367 

Mr. John Terry to Mr. Verelst. 

dies w'^: theese Sharp & pointed Tools, tliere- 
fore beg you'll give me Leave to remain Silent 
for who Ever shall attempt to Combat the 
Hero's of this Collouy unless well supported or 
Endeavour to bring their Artifice to Leight is 
Sure he is In a fair way to have his throat Cut, 
And tho I have Seemed to take No Notice of any 
One thing Since I am in the Collony, and that I 
Seems to be Extreamly well respected. Yet am 
I Confident that there Are Injins «S: Springs Sett 
to work to do my buisiness (as they call it here) 
and it was w'". very G-ood Grounds & reasons I 
told you Sir in my first Letter from this Col- 
lony, that there were here human Snakes ]\Iuch 
More Dengerous then the Rattle Ones, And 
whilst such have the ]\Ianegement of the Col- 
lony 's affairs, the Worthy Gentlemen who La- 
hours so hard to make the same florish will 
hai-dly Ever attain that happy End, 

The inclosed Coppy of W. Bosomworths Acc\ 
of Our voyage to M". Stephens w"*". Ace*. I have 
reasons to beleive M'". Stephens feared too much 
it wou'd gaine me More Applause of the Hon copy 

^ '■ ^ Mr. I 

the Trustees then he wisli'd, for W''. Seasons '2Z';^^'^\ of 
he wou'd not send it will inform you of all that not'Y^nt the 
passt in our voyage And therefore shall Not 
trouble you with a repetition of the Same, And 
shall only take Notice that on the 15'\ of Octo- 
ber Last we sailed fj'om Spithead. And that on 
the Second of xber following we Anchor 'd at 
rocks])ur Near Tiby and that we had a veiy 
Good passage Not withstanding we frequently 
had verv Blustring Gales of wind — I am verv 




CoLOxiAL Records 

Mr. John Terry to Mr. Verelst. 

to reach 

on voyage 
for Mr. 



void of 




tbanlvl'uU to the almighty for our Good passage 
and safe xVrivial to this Collony for I never 
Expected to have Reach it, had you been Sir an 
Eye witness of our poor Condition in respect to 
the want of Sailors to worck the Ship, you 
would have also Dispaired of Ever Getting in 
to Any harbour for upon niy word, Sir, we had 
but Six :\ren besides the Capt'\ and Mate, And 
two of them hardly Ivnew where to find a Rope, 
three boys And An old Decripit Cook of 70 y". 
of Age who was Not Able to Stand, was all the 
ship's Comp\ w"^. required at Least 18 or 20 
able sailors, So Judge Sir how watchfull I must 
have been both in giving ^[y Assistance (being 
pretty well versed in the Sea affairs) And in 
Causing the Recruits Likewise to be Aident, 
[sic] who wou'd Not be Commanded so to do by 
Either the Cn pt or sailors, on Ace*, of the ill 
Usage tliey frecpiently rec*^. from one die the 

The Many fatigues I under went Night and 
Day is hard to be Express 'd The Many AYaves 
that have wash'd me And the Many hurricanes 
of wind c^: Torciits of of Rains I have withstood 
in pouling & hawliug of Ropes in this Voyage 
Could not But be at Last of Some Consequence 
And Ditterment [sic] to my health, w'*^. in Ef- 
fect did happen, a humour haveing Gather 'd 
And Brock out in my Left Leg And W'. was 
Like to have ])rouved the Loss of the Same, for 
if the bare Looks of the Disparate Condition of 
it, were Sufficiant to Excite Capt°. Lemon who 
hatli No Sentiments of humanitv in him, to Say 


Mr. John Terry to Mr. Vere'st. 

he would not have Such a Leg for a 1000 
Guineas -svliat must have been the Anguishmg 
jKiius I bore And Suffered, Yet Sir in this Poor 
Coxtdition did I stand the Deck Night & day, for 
if my own personnal assistance Could have been 
(lis]>enced w'\ My presence was Absolutly 
Necessary to Induce the SoLiliers by fair \vords 
And a glass of brandy to worck for the Secur- 
ity of tJieir Lives & that of others, therefore Sir 
Judge what I have Endured, And if M'. Vigera 
IV'served Twenty five pounds And his passage 
free for Comming w'*'. the Saltzburghers And M' 
Cray fifty pounds to come with the higlilanders, 
in Case I had Not been to have Come in the said 
>liip, what is it then I deserve both for that and vaiue of 
all other Cares And hardships I have Suffer 'd, hardships 

Mux it Not Sir be reasonably Said that the Want 
of Such Cares As 1 have taken Might in all 
I'robabillity have prouved As fatall to the poor 
l>oople as it did on board the Europa, of w"". 
niortality No doubt you have been Long Since 
informed, all w'^ Sir I hope you will Lay before 
the Hon. the Trustees And that they will be 
pleased to Order ]\[c some Considerations, And 
lu^pe the Gentlemen will Not be Disobliged at 
my Expecting it, Because I am well assured, 
tliat from the Sundry papers you have here in 
< "losed w'^. are So many Vouchers of my Con- 
duct they will think I deserve it,— 

Besides the paper Sent to mo by M'. Bosom-' 
^vorth you have Sir a Certificate of M'. John 
I've Recorder of Savannah who I desired to be 
pre>ent at the Opening of my Goods, w'*'. were 


370 CoLOXLNX, Recokds 

Mr. John Tetij- to Mr. Verclst. 

ions cast 

Carried Directly from on board the Loyall 
Judith to the Avharf xVnd pnlilick Magazine of 
Savannah In Order to Clear ]\Iy Self of the 
Asseperssions [sic] Capt". Lemon ttouUI have 
in""W''ai^d to Laid on me By his insisting to Search my goods 
by Cart.' as if he had had intelligence that I had Robbd 

Lemon. ... 

him or the ships provissions, I hope this Certifi- 
cate will be Sufiiciant to Distroy that part of 
liis insinuations, I wou'd have had the Magis- 
trates or Some of them to be xYlso present but 
None of them AVould grant me that fav'., — You 
also have a Certificate of M"". Bolzius Minister 
of Ebenezer w"\ shews what Care I did take of 
liis people Signed also by M^ Vigera And One 
from the Highlanders, all w'^. papers Sir I beg 
you will Lay before The Board, In Closed also 
an Ace'-, of Disbursments According to your 
Or'Iors Amounting to Thirteen pounds Xincteeu 
sliilb^ & 4:'''. for the Ballance of v,''^ is due to me 
Eight pounds Nineteen shilP & 4^ — I had five 
pounds of M'. Ste])hens at Savannah in Order 
to pay Some disbursements that Capt""-. Lemon 
had made for w'\ 'Mj Note was to Stand good 
to the Said ^l'. Stephens till the bal^^ of my 
Aoc'. was paid But when tlio said Gentlemen 
was going to pay me £14 : 2 : 6 w^^ w''\ the 
£10 you were so Good to pay me in London 
.Made together Twenty four pounds 2/(3 AVhich 
was fo]- three quarters Salary Due at Christmas 
Last, he then was please to Stop the said five 
pounds And retuni'd me my Note, that is all 
the Obligation I have to him 

An aci 

of disl 


Mf. John Terry to Mr. Verelst. 

Sir if M^ John Cliolie liatli Call'd or Sent to 

,v, A • . • rt .-, /~i • T ^'r. John 

you w'^ an Assignation ot Seven Guineas i gave choue. 
him on you before I Left London please to Dis- 
charge the same out of the BaU'^ due to me on 
my Disbursments, And pay the remainder to 
M'. Abrah™. Dnpont wlio will call upon you, 
And if the said M\ Cliolie hath Not been with Abraham 
you please to pay the whole bal^"^ to the said 
Dui)ont who will go «S: take up My Note, I 
heartily beg your pardon for all this trouble — 

Sir as I hope the Hon. the Trustees will Grant 
me some Considerations for the trouble I have fionl'*fm^' 
had. I Also ho]K' that from thence you will be Ts^hoH^of the 
Able to Reimburse your Self the primium you 
paid for the £70 I beg'd of you to Inssure for 
me. In Case you have Inssured the Said Sum. 
And whatever there may be Over and above 
please to pay it to the Said Dupont And you'll 
^^ery much oblige me, yAio am w"". all due re- 

S^ Your Most Obed'. S.: hum Serv^ 

John Terry. 

Here follows a List of Such as died in the 
passage, viz\ — 

A Male Child of Geo. Eigel aged 18 
month Beruhard Klockers Son Aged 4 
y". k a. half, the wife of Xorman ■Mac- who *diJd"^^ 

donnald aged 29 y'"^ Daniel ]\Iackay a over. '' 

Labourer Aged 32 y''. — a female Child 
of Geo. Douglass Aged 2 y". Ann Murray 

n ii\r, K>\'. h 

r-\f -ASuf :Z 

livi;> Ji» I:;' J /; 

(>>t) 10 IMh'f) '>)rJ/ A 


Colonial Eecords 

Mr. John Terry to Mr. Verelst. 

Ann Cot- 
blew over- 

Mary Joliff 





a Single woman Aged — IS y'■^ Catliriue 
IMaekay Ag;Q(\ G y". And Ann Cotton a 
Single woman aged 23 y". 

Tliis Ann Cotton is the person for v\diom I 
bought the Cloaths that Are charged in }>ly 
Acc'., liers having been blon [sic] Over board 
As they were hanging up to Dry. And she then 
was Naked in bod, if she had Lived She Shoidd 
have paid for them. As to Mary Jolitf of w-''. 
I wrote yon about, I phisickt ]ier As well as I 
could (fc so Brought here, She hath already 
(Mianged husbands three times I heard, the 
Gqik^K rec\ a packet Yesterday and that there is 
a minister Comming w''\ we want very Much. 
I was in Good hopes to have rec*^. a line or tvro 
from you S'. by said packt but have Xot been 
so hajipy, — The Same. 

(From B. P. K. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Copy of letter fkom John Teeky to K\eman 
Veiu^lst Esq^\ at his house in Queen Squaee 
"Wr.sTMixsTEi: in London 



Frederica in Georgia IT"' June 1742. 


In Closed you have a letter for :MT. John 
Simi)<on in w'\ is all the Acc^ of the prcvis- 

O .a ,.(» ./] .•! .i\ nOVf) 



Mr. John Terry to Mr. Verelst. 

in regard 
to pro- 

sioiis he sliip'd on board the Loyall Judith for ^^„ account 

the Use of the passengers, w'". I Leave Open for Lirshipped 

\\ pernsall After w'^. please to Seal it And simpson. ' 
Cause tlie same to be Deliver 'd to him — 

If I rightly Understand Sir the Orders I had 
given to me by you in Respect to the said pro- 
vissions, I think I was at the Expiration of the 
Voyage To Sell what should be then Remaining, 
for the Benefit of M"". John Simpson And to 
Remit to him the produce of the Same, And by 
way of preferance To lett the passengers have 
01 Said provissions what they thought, proper 
To Buy, they paying for the same. And that 
after they were Supplyed, And If Any still Un- 
sold to Dispose of it to Any body. But you'll 
See Sir by the Said Inclosed Letter it was Not 
in my power to fuUfiU that part of my Instruc- 
tions, for when I Landed the said provisions at 
Savannah I had them Carried to the Store for 
their Security, But I did not then Imagine it 
would Be no more in my power to take them 
Out Again. And that I should Be prevented to 
proceed According to my Instructions. 

Mess". Stephens <S: Jones Made a Jest, And 
Laught at the Power I had to dispose of the fS^Vh?/''' 
said provissions, And told me it ]\Ieant onlv that stepheni' 

■y . " and Mr. 

1 was to Lodge them in their Store. And would •^'^"^s- 
not Suffer me by Any Cleans to have Any thing 
to do with them afterwards. 

Unable to 
carry out In- 

Soon after a Surgeons Mate, to Gen'. Ogle- ^^ letter 

thorpes Regiment Came to Savannah who o;'u\horpe 

^ to Mr. 

-tsrought me a letter from his Excellency, who ^^'"''y- 


Colonial Records 

Mr. John Terry to Mr. Verelst. 

Mr. Bolziu.';. 
minister of 
he wanted 
to buy. 

Rev. Mr. 
Orton raid 
double the 
cost for 

had Orders to purchase And bring with him all 
such provisions he could Meet with AVhich Made 
;Me Again Apply to the Above Gentlemen for 
the Said Provissions, But to Xo purpose, So 
was compelld to Leave Said provissions In to 
their hands, And take M^ Stephens receipt for 
the same. 

AVhat those Gentlemen Meant in Using Me 
So I dont Know And why they refused M'. Bol- 
zius Minister of Ebenezer the quantity of pro- 
vissions he wanted to Buy for his people I 
Neither Know — But this I do Know, that they 
took a ^yreniorandum from me of the Prises 
Each particulars Cost in England, in Order I 
supi)ose to remit the Amount of the whole Ac- 
cording to those Rates to M". Simpson w"^. I 
am Since informed hatli been done, tho said 
in-o\'isions have lieen sold at Double that prise 

1 could have Sold the Said provissions at a 
very Adventageous prise for M". Simpson 
Bis.-uii being then at 25/ %^ lumdred, flower at 
2'S/ Butter and Cheese at 12^ %5 p^ xVnd Every 
tiling in proiiortion, if this had been w'\ an 
intent to dispose [sic] the Same Again to the 
poor I'eople at the same prise, all woud be 
well— But Sir, M^ Bolzius As before Men- 
tionned wou'd Not be Sufferd to buy for the 
people who had come with me, the quantity he 
wanted, W". was yet Very Small, And the Little 
he was Suffer 'd to buy, was at An Advanced 
prise. Tho ReV. M"". Orton who has been here 
told me, that what he bought of those provis- 

Correspondence • 375 

Mr. John Terry to Mr. Verelst. 

ions he paid Double the prime Cost And Up- 

If all this is for the Benefit of M'. Simpson, or 
such as you Are Content w'*"., I am S\ very well 
Satisfyed, And value the Gentlemen for So 
Doeing ! 

In Closed you have an Aqg\ of what provis- 
sions were sliipd on bord for the Use of the pas- j^ccount of 
seng-ers, also An Ace', of what was Expended '^n'T-Sjage'' 
During the voyage with two Separate Ace', of 
what I rec^. out of Each ship, And An Account 
of the whole to w*"''. is Annexed a receipt for the 
same from M^ "Vv'"'. Stephens 

I hope Sir you And ]\r. Simpson will Allow 
me My Expences at Savannah where I was de- Expenses 

^ for five 

weeks' stay- 
in Sa. 


tain'd Near five weeks On Ace', of the Said pro- 
visions being I liad Xo Other Bmsiness there, 
And I should thiuk it very hard if I was to boar 
them MySelf, therefore 1 leave it to both your 
Discretions — 

YouU Also find Sir an Affidavit of M'. Loach 
whereby he Justifies himself for Not having ^^f^'i'^^'** 
been able to give ^[e An xVcc'. of what was Ex- ^^^'^^• 
peuded on board the Europa Cap'. John AVad- 

I would have ]\Iade Capt'' Lemon give me 
Satisfaction for the proviss" AVantiug, but could 
Not persuade the Magistrates of that place to 
Take Cognisance of it, But they readily took 
Cognisance of the proviss"\ It is Needless Sir 
to tell vou how Negligeut thev all were to see 



Mr. John Terry to Mr. Verelst. 

A note 
from Capt. 

edness to 
Mr. Simpso! 

me recti fycd. The Lord liQlp all such as Lives 
Under tlieir Government for it is a most sad 
one And No wonder that tlie Collony is in the 
Condition it Xow is, &c — 

You'll also find Inclosed a Note of Capt°. 
Lemon wliere by he promises to be Accountable 
to M'. Sim]).^on for xVbout a firking of butter 
And two Cheshire Cheeses, as if he was not Ac- 
countable for the rest that is wanting, still I 
thought liroper to take that, — 

You have also a bill of ^sell or Note of what 
provis^' : I took for my own Use And, for which 
I Stand Iridcbted to M"". Simpson and wait for 
a line from you or him on that Aec'. 

On theese heads Sir I thought proper to write 
you a Separate Letter Supposing it might be 
^Fore Agreable to you whose good Awill and 
favours I shall allways seek all oppertunities to 
gaine xVnd Merit And under wdio's protection I 
heartyly. beg to be, if I can in any ways be of 
any service to you here, pray freely Command 
him who is w'\ all due respects / Sir 
Your most Obediant hum Serv*. 
John Terry. 

I hope Good S^ if Any Opportunities offers 
for my advancem^ you will be so Kind to Re- 
member me as being intirely devouted to you I 
also hope you'll favour me w^\ a line to inform 
]\[e how farr my Conduct in this voyage hath 
appeared Agreable to the hon the Trustees & 

June the .17^\ 1742. 


^Vm. Stephens to the Trustees. 

(From B. P. R 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter from "\Vm. Stephens Esqe to the Trus- 
tees Acco'^-^^"^ IiECD 13 Sept. 1742 

Savannali 13 July 1742. 


This Evening I rec"" the enclosed, ^ Express 
"from his Excellence at Frederica, with the Joy- 
full News which youll find therein; & his Orders 
to stick at no Expence in sending it forward to 
yon: for which End I send my Son, who I am 
sure is as able as willing, to make the utmost 
Dispatch to Charles Town : 

I wrote you of the 4 May & 9'^ of June, with 
the usual papers ko (of w'^ more hereafter); 
and was upon writing you again a week since: In'^hnirslon 
but the Spaniards after several years threat- 
ning, at length made an Invasion upon us in 
earnest, with upwards of 30 Vessels of AVar of 
all sizes ; entering into the Harbour of S*^ Simons 
on the 5*". inst, notwithstanding what smart op- 
position they met with in doing it; & immediate- 
ly landed a Body of men said to be about 600. 
How they have been rec*^, you'll herewith be in- 
formed best by his Excellence himself. If the 
^^en of "War which he expects from Charles 
Town to assist him, are not too dilatory; tis 
hoped the Enemys Ships will be all pent in, & 
delivrd into the Generals hands. "Whatever be 
the Event which Providence has appointed; we 

The Sp£ 

ail invasion 
in earnest. 


C0L0XI.4JL. Records 

Wm. Stephens to Hannan Verelst. 

All parts 
of Colony 
alarmed by- 
descent of 

are now greatly encouraged at the happy Suc- 
cess, which has tlius far attended his valour & 
Conduct. This Descent of tlie Enemy upon the 
Colony, you may imagine has alarmd all parts 
of it: and as it has fallen to my Share, to have 
tlie Direction of the Militia in these parts; I 
have bestirred my self to the best of my power, 
in putting our selves in such a Posture, as may 
conduce most to our defence if attackt by small 
Partys: or if they should be too numerous, to 
secure a good retreat: but I hope they 11 have 
little Stomach to come here, after our General 
has done with 'em vonder. 

I shall wish to write you more perfectly in 
few days; and at present must conclud'^ 

Your very humble Servant 
"Will : Stephens. 

(From B. P. Pt. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

LKJTicn FKo:\i },Ik. AVm. Stephens to ^hi. Kar- 
MAN Veri:lst. 

Savannah IS July 1742. 


On Wednesday last, the M''' inst, I sent off 
fnl- son^^' ^y '^^^^^ Express for Charles Town, with divers 
feulre ^ letters & ]>acketts from the General; some for 

to Charles ,^ , , . 

Town. England, some tor sundry persons oi Distm- 


Wm. Stephens to Harnian Verelst. 

guislid note in Charles Town. The great pur- 

j>ort of the whole, was principally to inform us 

liow Affairs stood with his Excellence at that 

time, under such an Invasion as the Enemy had 

latelv made: and how happelv he had repulsed ceni. ogie. 

some of their Partvs, whom lie liad attaekd with ^"V!^'-'^;^ 

' ' with the 

such success as is scarce credible; killing great ^"^i""'''^'''^- 
Numbers, with very little loss of men on our 
side; &. intimating the prospect he had, with 
fair hopes, of discomfiting this great xVnnada, 
by Gods hell). This ace' I thought of too great 
Importance, to risque the sending by an uncer- 
tain way on water, but dispatchd my Son with 
it over land from Purrysburgh to Xl'harles 
Town; from whence I am now expecting him: 
but cannot delay the good News W'^ comes tumb- 
ling in one after another: wherefore I take the 
Oi)portunity of sending by a Friend just setting- 
off for Carolina what advices I had fresh from 
his Excellence last Xight: and as we hope every J^vfJe 
day for better & better; as I have opportunity, ogiTthorpe. 
whatever comes to my hand of that sort; my 
Duty (S: Zeal will not suffer me to withhold a 
minute longer than need requires. I say noth- 
ing of w' we are, and have been doing here, for 
a time past : 1 have shewn my best endeavour, 
and hearty good "Will to promote such things as 
niay most conduce to our preservation in case 
of the Enemy s nearer approacli : but at present 
they, have to deal w'". one who is Master of 
Courage and Conduct sufticient (tis now hoped) 

4. 1 n 1^ i ji - ., J rvM TTou- thin? 

to make the I'ons respect their attempt. The ^;o m tuo 

'■ <oinh at 

enclosed paiH'^rs will best shew you how things r"<-'^ent. 

380 Colonial, Records 

Mr. Christie to Mr. Vernon. 

go in the South at present; & as for w' we do in 
this part of the Colony, it may as well be read 
liereafter in my future Journal. You'll of 
course imagine ; what I write at this season may 
need correction in such a Hurry: & you'll be so 
kind to do that in behalf of 

Your very humble Serv\ 
Will : Stephens. 


Mt. Ilarman A^'erelst. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Lettf.k TRO^i Mr. Cheistie To the Hon^^^- 
M^-. Vkhxox at Ills HOUSE IX Gro^-esxof.s 
sti:ket xear Gkosvexors Square 20 July 1742 

f Red 1 

Wax This 

[ Seal J 


I am g-oeing into a Country w^\ I Intend not 
as a Yh'ii but an Abode for life I fain wo' : make 
ray self agrcable to the Gen''": Trustees who arc 
chiefly concerned there And I hope always will 
continue as being I apprehend the most able »S: I 
am ])ersuaded will ])e the best Guardians of that 
Province e.-pecially as they are now more than 
ever apriscd of its true Interests c^- whose Hon'": 


Mr. Christie to Mr. Vernor 

& Credit are iu some measure concerned in the 
Success of it. 

The reason of this my x^ticuhir xVpplication 

' "- ^ ^ A desire 

is the desire I have that what I communicate that com. 


may be kept a Secret. Thomas Stephens who a'^secret. 

styles himself x\.g-eut for the people of Georg-ia 

is verry pressing w"': me for some x\ffidavits to 

be sworn by me before a ]\Iaster of Chancery in Thos. 

Order to be made use of before the King & messin? 

Mr. Christie 

Council where he Intends to renew his Suit & ^°^.f*" 


give the Trustees fresh trouble And as I can- 
not see anj^ Interest of the people that such pro- 
ceedings tend to but rather to gratef}' some 
^lallicious purposes I have absolutely refused Thos. steph- 
his request but far from consenting thereto I fc^^aflidavfts 


sho'^ : heartily wish That the Trustees wo^ make 
a Decleration of all the beuefitts & advantages 
they Intend to give the people «5c that such De- 
cleration being made in the Town Court of Sa- 
vannah The people sho'*: sign an Instrument 
under the publick Seal signefying their Sattis- 
faction & thanks & at the same time recalling ^he recaii. 
that troublesome hotheaded Sparks Appoint- appointment 
ment w*'*'. I am persuaded wo^ : be the shortest & a means 

of recon- 

most Effectual method of putting a Stop to his o^'coionT'^ 

]!roceedings & be a means of reconciling the 

people & bringing 'em again to the CoUony As 

I am thoroughly acquainted w''' all the people & 

have some Influence over 'em Do hereby Offer 

my Service to Effect it in conjunction w'^ : such 

others as you shall name— 

If my Intentions herein shall meet w'^: appro- 
bation I shall receive a Sensible pleasure if not 

3S2 Colonial Records 

Gon. Of^'lcthorpe tu the Trustees. 

1 shall have the Sattisfaetiou of having offred 
it as I am conscious it wo"^. much conduce to tlie 
peace & wellfarc of thac Collony. 
I am ITon"\ Sir / with a most })rofound Respect 
Yo". most Oblidgd / humb: serv': 
Thos: Christie. 
Lond". July the 20^^ 1742. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Duplicate of Brigb Genl. Oglethorpe's letter 
TO THE Trustees 5 August 1742 Recd 24 
April 1748 


Lieutenant Sutherland whom I send Express 
will give you an xVccount of the wonderfull man- 
ner God has been pleased to Defeat the Span- 
iards in their Invasion of this Colony. I refer 
sithcViand you foT jjarticulars to Ms Account & must De- 
chas. Mac- sirc you to Grant to liim 500 Acres of Land 

kay instru- 

d^feaunc ^^hich I havc ordered to be set out, about IG 

lar^df.^'""' "lil^'^ ^"roni Darieu, also 500 Acres for Lieu-. 

Charles .Mackay who assisted in the Defeat of 

the Si)aniards in the Granadeer [sic] Savannah. 

I am Gentlemen 

Your ^lost Obedient 
humble Servant 

James Oglethorpe 
Fred"", in Georgia 
5'-': August 1742 

Correspondence 383 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter ero:\i Wm Stephens Esqe. to Me. 
Verelst, 13 August 1742 to 7 Sept — Recd 

12 Feb 1742 

Savannah August y^ 13^^ : 1742. 


Since my Letter of the 9'". of June ^ Cap*: 
White in the Victory; I wrote you of the 13^^ & 
18'^ of July; the first of which went ^ Cap': 
Fraser in the Dolphin; having the good Luck to 
reach Charles Town just as he was ready to 
sail; the latter I hope found a Conveyance 
thence soon after. Both those Letters accom- 
panied such Packetts as I recd from the Gen- 
eral; whereby their Honours will have full In- 
formation of the State of "War we have lately S^miS" 
been in with the Spaniards so far, & with what o? war. ^^^*^ 
wonderfull Success the General repell'd the 
Enemy at S* : Simons ; beating them both by ceni. ogie 
Land S: "Water, with a handfull of brave Men, 

._. success in 

thro the Conduct bv Gods Blessin^r of his Ex- repeiung 

celleuce, who shewed himself a Gallant Com- 
mander: insomuch tliat had the Succours from 
Carolina, which he often press 'd for, come in 
Time; in all probability the whole Fleet of the 
Spaniards must have been pent up in Jeykyll 
Sound, «fc fallen all into our Hands: which the 
Enemy were so apprehensive of, that they went 

the enemy. 

Arrival of 



out to Sea with great Precipitation; & a few "oVce from 

I 'ays after, behold the long expected Naval 



'!• to a.' 


Colonial. Eecoeds 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

Men of war 
made cruize 
upon the 
coast in 
quest of 

Force from Charles Town, arrived off the Bar 
of S^ Simons, consisting of divers Sloops, 
Skooners, & such like.., full of Men & Ammuni- 
tion of all Kinds, under the Conduct of two of 
his Majesty's Frigates, with whom Cap^ Thom- 
son aJso join'd, little or nothing iuferiour to 
either. The Bird thus flown ; there was no Oc- 
casion then of making a pompous Shew with 
such a Fleet at Anchor : wherefore the I\ren of 
"War ( 'tis hoped) made a Cruize upon the Coast, 
in Quest of the Spaniards &c; & the small Craft 
return 'd to Charles Town, with mighty Shouts 
& Huzzas (as a Friend of mine tells me who saw 
'em come in) for the Victory over the Enemy.— 
You'll not think it strange that the Hurly Burly 
we have been in here during those transactions, 
render 'd me uncapable of giving much Scope to 
those two last Letters ; nor indeed will the weak 
&: sickly State we are at present in, allow me 
now to be so particular in many things as I 
would wish : but having made sliift daily to note 
some of the most remarkable Occurrences; 
thereby to make a Concatenation with what is 
pa.-t; T send you here^\ith my Journal contiimed 
from the Date of my last of the 9**^ of June; 
which I hope may be accepted, till I can enlarge 
farther; & fmd my thoughts more compos'd. 
^Vhilst I am writing this M'. Jones is just ar- 
rived with divers Packetts, Letters &c from 
Frederica; which I apprehend will cause my 
breaking otT here a few Days, referring to my 
Journal for what I note farther on this Occa- 


Mr. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

In a verv 


A sickness 

August 19"^. 

To proceed from where I left off.— I am 
next to acquaint you with what you'll otherwise 
easily collect from the Perusal of my Journal, & 
other Papers sent you, that we are at present in 
a very indigent State in this part of the Colony : li£^^^^^ 
most of our active young Men being yet retain 'd 
by his Excellence for the publick Service, & such 
Uses as he judges proper; whilst it has pleased 
God to visit us with a grievous Sickness, that Zclpl^ 
few escape a Share of. ^^Hlien I look into your 
Letter of the 24'\. of March last (now reed) to 
see wliat is doing, that relates to us in England; 
there I find a most dreadfuU Account of that Trustees 

met with 

imexpected Disappointment the Trust met with, ^il^^^ient. 
on their Application to Parliament for support- 
ing the Colony. What Anguish of Mind can you 
imagine Dear Sir must come upon rne on this 
Occasion, which calls fresh to remembrance son instru. 

. , 4 , • rt mental in 

tuose base Actions of my Son, who has been so mori'^^g. 
great an Instrument, among others, of creating mher'can 
more mischief than his poor Fathers utmost en- sa^^^fo'V. 
deavours here can (I fear) ever compensate 
for? :My depriving him of any Benefit here- 
after, from what little Improvements I have 
made (which would have been three times more, 
could I have found Hands at reasonable 
Wages) is but a very unequal Eetum for his 
obstinate Disobedience; & to shew him therein 
some Marks of my Resentment, I shall take 
the Advice you are pleas 'd to give me, 
in applying to the hon*"" Trustees by Petition 
&c very soon in the manner you prescribe 


Colonial Recoeds 

Mr. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

Puch a 
blow from 

Disciples of 
the DevlL 

&.c; but I have not yet reed any of those Boxes 
or Parcells from Frederica that Cap^ Thomson 
brought with liim, as '^ Bill of Loading; except 
the Packett above mention 'd only— After so 
many & great Provocations given by a mon- 
strous Crew of People here ; sufficient to have 
wearied out the Patience of those honourable 
Persons who are the Patrons of this Colony; to 
see them yet retain such a tender Ptegard to its 
Welfare, & persevering in their Endeavours to 
support it, in spite of an ungratefull People, 
taking pains to hurt themselves ; is such an In- 
stance of generous Benevolence, as is beyond 
the Apprehension of Brutish Dispositions, what 
Value to set upon it. Let all the World judge, 
& the Guilty go away ashamed. 

Such an unhappy Blow from the Parliament, 
must at this Time be a little astonishing to the 
Inliabitants of Georgia without doubt; more 
especially the most peaceable & inclustrious; & 
if there are any wicked & malitious enough to 
conceive a real Joy (as there may be a few 
found who put on an outward Shew of sneering 
at any tiling that has the Appearance of Dis- 
tress) let such Disciples of the Devil, chew 
wholly upon it, & allow none else to pertake of 
that Pleasure with 'em, Avhich leads to Euin. 

The utmost Frugality, without Doubt, so 
strongly recommended in both your Letters, is 
indispensably necessary for keeping the Colony 
from utterly sinking, till the happy Day comes 
to revive it : & I hope no Want of Diligence or 
Care shall be laid to my Charge in exceeding the 

Correspondence 387 

Mr. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

Mr. Spencer 
sick ever 
since arri/al 
in Colony. 

least Penny that can any Way be saved, after I 
get; it. 

The £40 to W Bolzius, & the £5 to his Car- 
penter, will be paid as I am directed: & what 
you are pleas 'd to write in your Letter of the 
29'*^ of March relating to the Sums returned 
insuper in the Trustees annual Account; I am 
in hopes will be duly scrutinized when we get 
M'. Spencer among us ; who has had the Misfor- 
tune to lie sick ever since he came, & continues 
yet at Frederica. I am glad to find your Ee- 
stnction not to meddle with any Sums which the 
General is accountable for, before Mich'mas 
17o9, & should have been more pleas 'd, if that 
Restriction could have been extended farther: 
for Reasons which I avoid naming now, Sz- wish 
I may never find Cause to do hereafter. The 
xVppointments for Mess''. Watson & Spencer to 
be 2*^ & 3*^ Baylifi's will be given 'em as soon as 
their Healths will allow- 'em to meet, when 
they'll also take upon each of 'em, the Office of 
one of the x\ssistants, whereby I understand M'. 
Jones is removed from' those Places ; but where- 
as 3^our Letter says, that £2000 now sent in Sola 
Bills are to be issued by me ]\P. Henry, Parker, 
M'. Tho\ Jones, & Charles Watson, or any two 
of them; I conceive ]\P. Jones is at Liberty to 
act therein, whenever he inclines so to do or 

occasion mav require. — i\P. Terrvs late Be- Mr. Terry's 


haviour, having render 'd him so obnoxious, by 
flying out of the Colony for Fear, during these 
Times of Tryal : I presume there ^^'ill be no 
farther Thoughts of promoting him to the 

him ob. 

388 CoLoxLiL Eecords 

Mr. Stepheus to Mr. Verelst. 

Magistracy at Frederica at present, nor do I 
yet hear that Doe'" Hawkins is so weaiy of his 
PJaee of first Ma^iiistrato there, as to Lny it down 
in a Pett (however vain he is grown) wherefore 
I presume that Affair for the present may rest 
a while; till fresh Occasion is given their Hon- 
ours to consider it again. 

Having thus far taken Notice of what I find 
most remarkable in botli your Letters of the 
24'^ & 29"^ of last March ; I should next proceed 
to lay before the Hon*"'^: Trustees such Informa- 
tion of the present State we are in, as might the 
guishHig^^' heller enable 'em to support this Colony, now 
unhappily languishing under so many E\'ils; 

uuder so 



evils. great parts whereof they have per^^ersly 

brought on themselves; But to put that in a 
proper Light, must be a Work of more Time 
than I can afford just now; when I am sensible 
how much of it is already slipt away, without 
due Intelligence reed from me: partly occas- 
ion 'd by that Packett of the 4'''. of May going so 
far astray (as noted in my Journal) wherein 
were enclosed the usual monthly Papers, to that 
Time; i^- I am doubtfull, least what I now send, 
may be detain 'd at Charles Town, for Want of 
a Conveyance thence: there being no Ship at 
present enter 'd outwards for England, that I 
can hear of (which is often the Case at this Sea- 
eon of the Year) <fc M'. Hopton wrote me, that 
the last Letler I sent of the 18'" of July, with a 
Packott from his Excellence, he could find no 
speedier Course for, than by the Way of 
Jain]aica: [sic] vv-herefore he committed it to 

Correspondence 389 

Mr. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

the Care of a particular Friend of liis (M\ Cle- 

, p ..1 /> n i Mr. Cleland 

land) bound thither, who engaged faithtuliy to rcrs 

. ._ jonal 
frierul of 


forward it immediately from thence : & I wish Mr. w 
this may have as favourable a Chance to get 
passage some Way or other with Safety: con- 
taining two Packetts under one Cover. After 
this done, I shall inst<antly go to work on form- 
ing a true State of the Colony, so far forth as 
I can attain to the Knowledge of it by any 
means: & I hope 'twill make its Way to the 
Trust before Winter is far gone; if peradven- 
ture it may thereby be of any Use. 

I cannot allow my self to conceive otherwise, 
than that the Ilon^'^ Trusts Application to the l\l,,^,^, ^ 
Throne, will meet with a gracious Keception at toSf'"'''' 

. , , Throne. 

his Majesty's Hands; and tJiat He will enable 
them to support this Colony from sinking, which 
is known to be of such signal Use against our 
Enemies ; & in process of Time probably add a 
farther Lustre to the Royal Crown. Whatever 
Aid his Majesty may judge proper to appoint : I 
beg leave to premise this one Tiling more es- 
pecially needful! at present: which is, that with- 
out the Help of Hands sufficient to labour, so 
that they might be had at reasonable Wages ^he difli- 
(Negroes excluded) 'tis impracticable to carry 
on Plantation Work; & even those now occupied, 
tis to be fear'd must stand Still; most of our 
spare Hands being engaged in the Publick Ser- 
vice; and among those few that are left, none 
will work under 25 Shillings ^^ :Month & Pro- 
visions; & if they are employ 'd by the Day, 

culty of 
on {)lan. 


CoLoxiAL Records 

[r. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

Mr. Simpson 
relating to 
of pro- 

they'll not take les.s than 2 Shillmr.3 & their 

i^tte. to . ^"'"^'^^ ''^^^'^^ ^'^^^^'^ herewith there is one 
from me to M^ Simpson, showing what is done 
relating to the Suqjlus of Provisions left with 
me after those Ships were delivered last Win- 
ter; & what Cash I have of his in my Hands on 
that Acc^ ;, which I leave open for your Perusal ; 
& youll please to seal & give it him. 

I have also sent M- TTatts's Acco': as it 

f^ouZ^''^'^ stands this Year, whereby it appears that I 

have £13 .. 15 .. I14 which shall be paid as vou'U 

direct. She may easily imagine the Reason whv 

Rents are so fallen, when so many people hav'e 

Ke°^ deserted us for 2 or 3 Years past; so that no 

tlplny House ill Town now lets at so hioh a Rate as 

other In TT/-,,.-. mi . .-.^ "- '■^^k. uo 

town. iiei^. liie present Tenant is M^ Watson: & at 

the Years End I expect near about the same 
Sum will be due as the last, after the like Deduc- 
tions: but she may reasonably admire that no 
farther Acco^ is yet to be had from Me^s" 
Causton 6c Williams, ^o; whom I have of tPu 
souglif It from; but to no Effect; & thev seem 
fJn S^ ""^^ !' !"'^'""'^ '^ '■ ^^'^^eref ore your farther Advice 
on^p^n. would bo acceptable.- .AP. Causton lives on his 
Plantation; but I^P. Williams has not been seen 
here for 2 Years past. 

Your very humble Servant 

Will: Stephens. 


Mr. Geo. "VVhitefteld, Supposedly to the Trustees. 

u| P. S. 7 Sept. 

ij I have not been able yet to get those 
-d Parcells, Boxes, &:c, seut by Cap^ Thomson 
il as p Bill of Loading, no convenience offer- 
ing from Frederica. M"" Jones now newly 
gone thither again, has promised me to 
take care & send em. 

To M'. Ilarman Verelst. 

(From B. P. P. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter from I\Ir. George Whitefield Supposed 
TO BE TO the Trustees. 

Cambuslang near Glasgow 
;. Aug^M7M742. , , 

Hon'^ Gentlemen 

Some letters which I have last week received 
from Georgia occasion my troubling You with 
this, which I doubt not will meet with a candid 
reception at Your hands — I find that M^ ECaber- 
sham i^' W. Barber have been taken up by a war- 
rant & imprisoned for above a week for a thing 
which I believe none of You, Hon'^ Gentlemen 
will judge cognizable by the Civil Magistrates. 
It seems that ^V. Barber upon a private con- 
verse with I\P. Orton (who I suppose is the pres- 
ent Minister of Savannah) told him ''He was ^rr. Barber-; 
"Xo Xtian, that He wonderd at Young Mens [{^'^'""^fii, 
''Impudence to subscribe to Articles they did ^^'- ^'''°"- 

Mr. Haber- 
sham and 
Mr. Barber 




Colonial Records 

Mr. Geo. Whitcfield, Supposedly to the Tru.stees. 

Denied a 
copy of 
of the 

"Dot believe. »S: that lie should think it his duty 
*'to warn hes Friends not to hear him" — I ack- 
nowledge such lang'uage was too harsh— But 
W. Habersham who did not say near so. much 
was linked in the same prosecution & imprisoned 
with liim — M". Jones who was then at Fred- 
erica being informed of it declared such a pro- 
cedure Illegal — And his Excellency General 
Oglethorp desired my Friends to lay the matter 
before the board of Honourable Trustees — I 
being now upon the spot, they have sent me a 
ver>^ particular account of what has past, which 
if you please Hon'^ Gentlemen I will transmit 
unto, or wlien I come to London, personally lay 
before You — I find also my Friends were de- 
nied a Co})y of the proceedings of the Court — 
In which I am persuaded the Hon'\ Gentlemen 
to whom I am writing will think they have been 
wronged — ^[y Friends require no satisfaction 
but only desire such proceedings may be ani- 
madverted upon; knowing that such a way of 
acting will be a sad discouragement against 
people? coming to settle in Georgia — I am 
sorry al>o to inform You Hon"^. Gentlemen that 
five very small Swiss or Dutch Children, whose 
Parents lately died in their passage from Eng- 
land, have had their goods sold at Vandue, 6: 
been bound out to the Age of twenty one Y^ears. 
This 1 think directly contrary to the Grant given 
me by You Hon'*^. Gentlemen — For thereby I 
was impower'd to take in as many Orphans into 
the Orphan-house as my fund would admit of — 
The Magistrates I understand also have been at 


Mr. Geo. Whltefield. Suppose-ily to the Trustees. 

the Orphan-lioiise tS: claim a power to take away 

the Children when they please, whether the Jlaim^power 

Children clmse it or complain of ill treatment or ravay'Vhu. 

^ dren from 

uot— This grieves some of the Children, & gn^i^^^^ 
makes others of them Insolent who are hereby 
taught that they have a power to go away when 
they will — This Hon"^. Gentlemen must be very 
discouraging to those who are entrusted with 
their Education, & who I am persuaded aim at 
nothing but the Gloiy of God, the welfare of the 
Colony & the Salvation of the Children's souls— 
I suppose the Magistrates (I mean W. Parker J;'J^j;%ith 
& Fallowtield) have taken such liberty from ITruttlous. 
some of the Instructions which were sent Hon'^ 
Gentlemen from You some time agoe But M'. 
Jones has told them they have misunderstood 
You— And His Excellency General Oglethorp I 
fmd has wrote to you Hon'^ Gentlemen about 
it — By the Accounts I have, our Plantation 
thrives well, & M". Habersham writes me word white 
He hopes we shall do ^vith white Servants— I ^^"^" ' 
do assure you Hon'^ Gentlemen I will do all I 
can, with the most disinterested view to promote 
the good of Georgia— Only I beg the Uanage- j^^^^^g^. 
rnent of the Orphan-house & Orphans may be Y^rS^n. 
secured to to me & my Successors for Ever, & orphans 
the Magistrates not be suffered to disturb us 
when there is no ground of complaint — They 
acknowledged when att the Orphan-house last 
that the Children were taken good care of both 
as to Body & soul— And will it not then Hon'''. 
Gentlemen tend much to the Welfare of the 
Colonv that the Orphan-house should meet with 

■:»!0) /.- ajj(f hl'J) 

p/jqoil oil 

394 Colonial Records 

Mr. Geo. Whitef5ei(J, Supposedly to the Trustees. 

all possible encourag-ement^ His Excellency Gen' 
Ogletborp has informed my Friend W. Ilaber- 
sham that if I desire it, He thought You wo'^. 
grant me a large tract of Land which I should 
be obliged to give away in a Certain term of 
Years, c^- that we might have our own Magis- 
trates as the people at Ebenezer have — 
Whether I shall desire such a favour I know not 
But if I should I w^ be willing to know what 
You Hon"^. Gentlemen w^ say to it? Many have 
onYcf"^^ applied to me to settle in Georgia— Hitlierto I 
Georgia!^ could givc tlicm no great Encouragement — I 
wish I may be be [sic] able to give them a great 
deal for the future. Indeed Hon^^ Gentlemen, 
I do not desire to find fault — I doubt not but 
You have been prejudiced against me 6c my 
Friends— The Event will shew what Friends 
we are to Georgia— The Orphan-house will 
The oi-phan- Certainly be an Addition to the Colony, c^- the 
addulon" Children educated therein I trust will be the 

to the 

Colony. Gloi-y of the Society to which they belong- 

They are bred up to Industry as well as other 
things, & taught to fear God & honour the 
King— If You please Hon^\ Gentlemen I will 
wait u])on You when I return to London, &: with 
all humility lay these matters before You— I 
am glad to hear You have lately sent over a 

A gentleman Gontlcman wlio (as is suppo.-ed) will do iu-- 

sent over . i xi • i -r 

S'julti'ce. ~ ^ ^"^^^'' ^ ^"^^^'^^^ nothing else & heartily 

pray God to bless him &' You Hon^^ Gentlemen 
& all that are concerned in the management of 
the Georgia alYairs— I hope to be in Town in 
about two months— In the mean while I would 

Correspondence 395 

Wm. Stephens to the Trustees. 

beg the favour of line, by Your Secretary, & 
also entreat You Hon"*. Gentlemen to write to 
the Magistrates of Savannah to let the Orphan- 
h.iuse alone till I have laid matters before You 
& arrive at Georgia which God billing at the 
furthest will be the beginning of next Year — If 
I or my Friends should happen to say or do any 
thing amiss, I assure You Hon''^. Gentlemen, 
You shall have all possible satisfaction given 
You by them, as also by, Hon'^ Gentlemen 

Your very hmnble Ser''.. 

George Whitefield 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter from AVm. Stephens Esq^^ to the Trus- 
tees RECD 12 Feb 17-12. 

Savannah 7 Sepf . 1742. 

Honourable Gentlemen 

Having in ray letter to M"" Verelst of the l^*" 
<fc 19^ ult°°. wrote in answer to your Commands 
signifyd to me in his of the 24*'^ & 29'^ of Mar 
(not to mention my 2 letters of the 13'^ & 18'^ of 
July, with the Generals Packets) whilst I waited 
for an opportunity of sending off that Packett, 
with my usual papers attending it; together with 
another packett of the 4'^ of May last, (whereof 
a particular account will bo found in my late 
Journal) I am now indispensably bound to ac- 


Colonial Records 

Wm. Stephens to the Trustees. 

Copy of 






quaint Your Honours, with what a few days 
since have broii^rht to lidit : for the better doing 
whereof, 1 must l)eg leave to refer to my Jour- 
nal continued, since the aforesaid 19'^ past : and 
to avoid being tiresome with dry repetitions, 
please to begin at the 2". inst. 

Not without great Difficulty, I found means 
just now, of getting privately, a Coppy of that 
letter, which has been so craftily framed, as 
under a Shew of Gratitude to the General, for 
his great care of our preseiwation, & acknow- 
ledging his Goodness therein (which most un- 
doubtedly his Excellence is entitled to in the 
highest Degree) they have taken occasion from 
thence to raise such a bitter Invective against 
all who act in Authoritj^ under you here, and 
particularly levelld at me, as is most apparent, 
tho' without name; that to sit patient under it, 
the Stones in the Wall might cry out against us : 
but we have this inward Consolation, y' we as- 
sure our selves we shall be able, so to lay open 
the dark purposes of that letter, as not only to 
vindicate our o\mi Innocence, & honest endea- 
vours in tlie whole Process of those alarms, to 
encourage the people that were able to bear 
Arms, and to provide amply for the Helpless 
(very greatly to the Tnists Cost) that the Fals- 
hood & malice of these people will appear evi- 
dent to all the World ; as divers attempts of the 
same tendency, to destroy the Powers created 
by your Honours here, have proved; which some 
of these Com])lainers may l>e supposed to think 
would be fit themselves best. This we shall im- 

felt towards 
all In 
under the 


Stephens to the Trustees. 

mediately take in hand: but as twill behove us 
to act therein with due caution, that not a tittle 
may pass, which cannot be sufficiently warran- 
ted; & foreseeing many references may be need- 
full; which will not admit of such brevity as 
could otherwise be wishd; I would be glad (if 
possible) y*^ the letter might this instant bo laid 
before you, naked as tis, without any remarks 
whatever: for I am confident the Drift of it is 
so apparent, that it cannot miss being seen 
thro', by such Inspectors; whose Honour and 
Justice will not allow em to judge prejudicially 
of the persons accused, without kuo^ving what 
Defence they can make. AVherefore I make no 
hesitation of taking this first Opportunity of 
sending it, under the same cover with this let- 
ter: intending what we have to say for our 
selves shall closely follow it. 

TTe are jDreparing a like Vindication to lay 
before the General, who we are confident will preparing 


strictly enquire into the truth of those allega- to lay 

^ ^ before the 

tions against us; and judge rightly, without be- General. 
ing led aside in favour of one or tother ; tho' we 
have reason to believe our Adversarys have 
been endeavouring to ])repos3ess his Excollouce 
with injurious Reports, before they attempted 
this open charge. I think I touchd a little, some- 
where in my Journal lately, upon a suddain new 
Alliance, w"^ was imagined to be ratifyd, be- 
twixt Mess" Jones and Causton (Two persons 

An alliance 



whom the "World lookd as irreconcilable) : What aiTj mV"'' °^ 

gave the more Credit to that report was, that 
during the time of ^1". Jones's frequent resi- 




CoLONLAi. Records 

Vv'm. Stephens to the Trustees. 

The forming 
of letter In 
to be work 
of Mr. 

Mr. Jones 

dence at Frederica; twas observed that M\ 
Causton sometimes mot him there; and what 
might ensue from thence, is to be found in ima- 
gination only, at present: but such a Conjunc- 
tion, w'*' visibly grew more cemented here after- 
wards, left it past doubt that they were made 
Friends. Tis generally believ'd that the fonn- 
ing of this letter was a Work of M^ Caustons : 
with wliat intent, or for what purpose, let the 
AVorld judge. Why M'. Jones took upon him the 
proi)agntion of it, & so diligently employd him- 
self in perswading people to sign it, is past my 
understanding; nor can I conceive what should 
induce him to act so wicked a part, as he seems 
now about, in stirring up such discord, unless 
actuated by the same Spirit as Lucifer fallen. 

But 1 must entreat Pardon for Excursion? 
here (which are hardly to be withheld under 
such crnel Usage) and rather i^roceed to make 
good what may be expected (viz) a plain answer 
to (hose Crimes, which by Insinuation I am said 
to be guilty of: wherein I hope Truth will ap- 
pear fully. In the mean while I ought to desist 
from giving you farther trouble; but acquiesc- 
ing safely under your Protection, shall rest. 
Honourable Gentlemen 

Your most Obedient & FaithfuU 
humble Servant 

Will: Stephens. 

the hon^'^ Trustees. 


Mr. Ffras. Moore to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter from Mr. Ffras. Moore to i\TR. Harman 
Verelst Eec^. 27 April 1743 

Frederica Sep^: 10'^: 1742/3. 


On the 29'^. of May I wrote to you by way of 
New York & have sent Duplicates by other Op- Mr. Thos. 


portunities, desiring the favour of you to pay p,^perin 
to M^ Tho^ Connor Linnen Draper in King weltmr?^*' 
Street "Westm'. the sum of £14 Sterling, which I 
then imagined you had of mine in your hands, 
but Captain Thomson has informed me that the 
said Sum was by you paid to him on my ac- 
count. I would not lor any Consideration be 
so base as to draw on any Gentleman, if I 
thought he had not enough of mine in his hand 
to answer it, unless I had some other proper 
power or order for so doing, and therefore, that 
M". Conner might not be disappointed in his 
Money I have here inclosed a bill of Cap\ Lieu^ 
James Mackay's on yi\ I\iry payable to yo'self 
for £14, vf^^. please to pay to him, but if you 
have already advanced y^ money, it will serve 
to replace it, and there will be no need of de- 
livering him y*' inclosed Letter. I humbly beg 
pardon for these frequent troubles but have no 
other way of returning yo'. favours, than by 
sincerely ^vishing that it was in my power to 

400 Colonial Records 

Ffras. MoDte to Mr. Harmaii Verelst. 

show liow seusible I am of y' kinduess & how 
much I am / Sir 

Your most obliged humble serv', 
ft'ra' : Moore 

M\ Verelst. 

Frederica in Georgia Feb: 21'': 1742/3. 


Tlie foregoing is Copy of a Letter which I 
have four times taken opportunities of sending 
to You, and in each I inclosed a bill, the 4'*^. I 

Mr. John 

Smith. have ^ent bv M'. J ohn Smith who is now gomg 

bearer * <^ kj 

of letters. ^^ Ch.i\\ To\\Ti iu order to go for England with 
the r>i-igantine Georgia Packet. I send this %^ M"" 
Burton & if the Prize gets safe home, I doubt not 
your receiving it. I make bold to inclose a 
].etler for my Sister, which I humbly beg the 
favour of you to order into the Post. As both 
She and my self find that no letters can go safe 
unless through your hand, I doubt not but you 
will excuse 

Your most obliged humble servant 
ffra^: Moore 

P. S. 

I wrote to their ITonours y" Trustees 
from Cha^ Town at the time when the 
Province was invaded, but have not yet 
been favoured with an answer. 

W. liar man Verelst. 


Mr. Stephens to BenJ. Martin. 

(From B. P. K. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

CoFY OF Mr. Stephens's Letter to Mr. Benj 
Martyn dated Oct. 16, 17-12 Original sent by 
Capt. Snow who was taken by the enemy 
Recd 2 Sept. 1743 

Savannah October tlie IG'" : 1742 


In Obedience to the Trusts Orders, signified 
to me in youi' Favour of tlie 3"^ of March last Thos. Egger- 
( which I reed not till some Mouths after) re- to his 

' grand. 

biting to Tho": Eggerton Servant to his Grand- Yo5^g-/^°^- 
fatlier Tho^: Young; I lost no Time in examin- 
ing into that Affair together with the Magis- 
trates &c, when upon hearing both Sides, we 
found that the old Man had been peevish to- 
wards him more than usual tho' it did not ap- 
])ear that he had neglected his Work; but was 
kno^\Ti by the Neighbourhood to be a hard work- jj^^.^. 
ing diligent Lad; what the Boy stomached most diuSt^'iad. 
was, that liis Grandfather distinguish 'd him 
from those Children which were his "Wives, & 
lie was not allow 'd to fare as they did, either in 
Food or Raiment. We did what we could to 
reconcile them, and admonished the Old Man to 
deal more kindly with him for his own Sake: 
who would sutler by it if they parted ; for that 
lie got well by the Boys Work, who was become 
very usefull: whereupon we dismiss 'd 'em, to 
make Experiment whether or not they could 
'igree better: but a little wliile after thev dif- 

402 Colonial Records 

Mr. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

fer'd aic^nn; «fc the Grandfather (who could not 
conceal tlie Grudge he owed him for complain- 
ing before) took occasion for some slight Of- 
fence to cudy him severely : upon which the Lad 
applying himself to us again, told us plainly he 
could bear it no longer; nor did we think it 
reasonable farther to enjoin him : whereupon he 
took the Opportunity of a Boat going for 
Charles Town soon after, to take Passage 
thither, & to put himself on board the first 
Shi}) bound for England, where I wish he may 
arrive safe, without being intercepted by the 
Enemy, or impress 'd by his own Countrymen. 
This Period happening very lately, I could 
not acquaint you with it sooner. What I write 
now in xVnswer to M"". Verelsts Letters of ir'' 
June & 2'^ of July, takes off all Occasion of my 
giving you farther Trouble at present, who am 
„>, ^,, Sir . 

Your very humble Ser\^ant 

(Signed) TTilliam Stephens 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

CoppY OF Mr. Stephens's letter to Mr. Verelst 
Oct. 27^^. 1742 Original was sent p C.^pt. 
Snow. Pecd 2 Sept. 1743 


My la.'^t to you was of the IS^'' & 19 Aug' to- 
gether TNith one to the hon*''^ Trust of 7"" Sep', 
& tlie Coppy which I now send of a Schedule of 



Mr. Stephens to irr. Verelat. 

Papers that went in that Packett, as I shall for 
the future constantly observe to do, will at any 
time shew where a Defect may ha|)pen. I am 
now to acknowledge the Receipt of your Letters 
of the 11''' June & 2<^ of July %^ the Minerva 
(Cap" Cload) S: the Georgia Packett (Cap'' Me- 
Clellan) which came to my hand the Beginning 
of this Month, as noted in mv Journal. 

met with 
by the 
before Par- 


As 'twas Matter of great Joy to see in the 
printed Votes, the good & happy Success which 
the hon^'^ Trustees had met with before the 
Parliament, maugre all the Attempts of their 
wicked Opponents; so it could not but be griev- 
ous to me to find how large a Share of it their 
Agent (my rebellious. Son) had taken on him- fy^c^oL^^^^ 
self; & 'twas amazing to me, that after such a 
Vote of Censure had pass'd against him he came 
olT with no farther Punishment than receiving 
a Eeprimand on his Knees; when it might 
rather have been expected that Newgate wxiuld 
have been his Doom. The Coppys of the Pro- 
ceedings before the House, on his Petition to 
the King & Parliament with his hard Case &c 
as he calls it; I am much oblig'd to you for so 
kindly sending me; 1)eing a "Work of so much 
Pains to transcribe. 

After so many Professions as I have made of 
abhorring those base Actions of my Son, which 
to my farther Grief have been imputed to me by 
some, (whom I must look upon to be my worst 
Enemies) as if I underhand approved of what 
he did, tho outwardly would be thought to op- 
pose him; I know not of anv Evidence to give 

of abhur. 
rence cf 
bast action 
of son. 



Mr. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

A surrender 
of grant 
of lands. 

of lands 
accord) np 
to Tru.'^tccs' 

The want 
of scr%-ant5 
and he.-ivy 
quit rent. 

farthci- of my Reseiitnient, than what you'll find 
in this Packett, enclosing my Petition to the 
Ilon''^^ Tiiistees for a new Grant of those Lauds 
I held by a former, which I now make a Sur- 
render of, in Order to deprive him of any Bene- 
fit from 'em ; & praying the Trustees to appoint 
the Succession in the manner I humbly propose. 
The future Tenure of Lands according to the 
Trustofs Kesolutions of the 8"^ of March last 
must surely satisfy every Body; but such as are 
determined nothing shall content 'em less than 
an entire Annihilation of all that has been done 
in so many Years, 6^: beginning again upon a 
New I^lan of their o^\ti forming: such modest 
Men are to be foimd. 

The Want of Servants, & the hea\T Quit 
Pent, were the only Things that appeared to me 
ueeding a Eemedy: for the latter I hear the 
hon^'^ Trustees have it in their Thoughts al- 
ready veiy kindly to apply themselves to the 
Throne ; where I make no Doubt they will ob- 
tain such an Alleviation as they think proper 
to ask: 6: as to Servants I can easily assure 
luy.^elf, that Ai¥air also will in such Soi^ be con- 
sider 'd, as will enable those who are in earnest 
to improve their Land, & reap good Benefit 
thereby. In my next probably I niay write my 
Thoughts more fully on that Head; wliich are at 
present taken up with a very disagreeable Re- 
trospect to whats past (Viz, the loss of that 
Packett I sent in Jan^ last t^ Cap'' llarramond; 
which gives me the most sensible Concern; for- 
asmuch as I spared no Paiiis in getting to- 


Mr. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

getlier such Materials, as I vainly Loped might 
have been of some Significance at that Season, 
in satisfying the Donbts of many, Tvho were dis- 
posed to enter into a close Examination of the 
State of this Colony: & when I reflect on my 
own Neglect in not sending proper Duplicates 
%9 next Occasion, I am at a Loss to find any 
better Excuse, than that 'twas so voluminous a 
Task, we were discouraged from attempting it, 
whilst my Clerks Hands were fully employ 'd 
as well as mine, in AYorks absolutely needfull. 
I have now made a Shift to get part of that 
Packett transcribed ; which, I fear will be look'd 
on but of little more Value than old Almanacks : S^re^'aiue 
the Schedule that goes with 'em will shew what ainjlnacks, 
they were, what part of 'em are coppied, & 
what remains; with [sic] shall likewise be done 
with all Diligence, as farr as can be attain 'd, 
by another Occasion. 

The Georgia Packett Cap": M'Clellan, being 
lately sail'd from Charles Town to Frederica; 
I shall not be wanting to get Enquiiy made 
there after those Goods intended for the In- 
dians; consign 'd to me at Frederica as ^ Bill intended 

' ^ ^ for the 

of Lading; in like manner as I did for all those i"^'^"«- 
of various Uses, which were sent cp> Cap'' Thom- . 
son: the x^articulars of which Affair you'll find 
in my Journal of the 5"" of October. What re- 
lates to the Lutheran Minister and that Family 



of Saltzburghors mention 'd in your Letter, you J^^d'a^'^ 
will also find due Notice taken of, in those orsrutz- 
Papers: which if you ^vill please to give me 
leave to refer to, will often save both of us the 

■i\'r>^ » ladlotic, vfi 


Colonial Records 

Mr. Stephens to Mr. Verelst. 

Mr. Jones's 
ances con. 
cemlng the 

Guard duty 
an aft'alr 
great un- 

The GTOwlns 
practice of 
for ex. 
chan;E^e lots, 
of lots. 

Trouble of writing & reading many Tliinga, 
twice, that perhaps may little need it, when 
past. By the same Papers you'll also find what 
Difiiculties we have been put to, in Relation to 
our carrying on the publick Acco'^ occasion 'd 
by M^ Jones's retiring to Frederica in Appear- 
ance not designing to concern himself farther 
about it; whilst ^V. Spencers unhappy Sickness 
has put a Stop to reducing those Things into 
that Order so long expected, & yet laying in 
Arrear. From the Tim.e of my sending those 
^ronthly Acco'" commencing the latter End of 
last Year (which I could never prevail to get 
done before) I hope all Eec'' & Issues of Cash- 
will ap})ear clear from hence forward. 

Our Guard Duty is an Affair which gives me 
great Uneasiness of late by reason of so many 
of our u.^efull Ilauds being employ'd in the pub- 
lick Service under the General; who tho they 
may be properly look'd on as Freeholders of 
thi.s Town resident within the Colony; yet their 
Duty on Guard being wholly neglected, it occas- 
ions a great Defect: & often puts us to the Ne- 
cessity of hiring perhaps 2 or 3 on a Night, to 
make up a competent Number for that Service; 
which we are to get Repayment for hereafter 
when we can come at 'em. xVnother Thing I 
must take Notice of, highly necessary for the 
, hon'"" Trustees to be acquainted \vith; which is 
growimr into a Practice; Namely, Bartering for 
Exchange of Lotts here in Town : some of which 
I conceive will l)c of no Detriment to any Body: 
but T cannot say so of all : 6c thev have been told 

Correspondence 407 

Mr. Stephens to ^^^. Verelst. 

by me, that iu any Case I do not conceive they 
can make a good Title to sueii Exchanges with- 
out Leave first obtain 'd from the Trust: A List 
of such I was intending to send now, with my 
Remarks on each; but I must be forced to deferr 
it 'till my next, together with some other Mat- 
ters needfull. Cap". Avery being just arrived; 
who acquaints me that large Packetts for me 
are following him that came %^ Cap"-^: Cross- 
thwaite & Eodgers, tliat M' Ilopton sends by 
another Boat: which I foresee will require my 
■immediate Attention: wherefore I must close 
this that has already been too long deferr'd, by 
means of so many Papers coppyiug which I now 
send. Only one Thing more I can't well avoid 
giving a short Hint of ; which is the Apprehen- 
sions I am under least the Trust should be dis- 
appointed again in the Person whom they were 
pleas 'd to appoint Register: a Station that I 
humbly conceive, requires a Man to fill, who has 
a little Skill & Knowledge, in such Work, farr 
different for a Parish Register: & upon which 
depends in a great Pleasure the Validity of all 
People's Titles to the Estates they hold, which 
must conduce very much to the Credit of the 
Colony. I will not take upon me to say, 'tis be- 
yond M' Dobells Caiiacity; whom I look on as 
an inoffensive Man, «Jc may be usefull & service- 
able in many "Ways Ijesides : wherefore I would 
avoid giving a Rash 0})inion of him as to this; 
little or no Progress being yet made by him: by 
niy next Letters probably I may be enabled to 
form a more certain Jiulgment, which whenever 

A hint 
as to Mr. 

as rctrlstor 

408 CoLONLAi. Kecords 

Joseph Averj' to the Trustees. 

I do, shall be void of any Partiality: & I am 
sure I liave conceived no 111 Will to !M' Dobell. 
I remain 

Yonr very hnmble Sen^ant 
(Signed) "William Stephens 

P. S: The tvro Petitions lierewith sent being 
just now delivered me as I was about sealing up 
this Packett, I must beg Leave to referr what I 
have to say to 'em 'till my next; when I shall 
also deliver my Thoughts concerning the others 
whom I have above mention'd. 


'M'. Ilai-man Yerelst. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Lettek from Joseph Avery to the Trustees 
Eecd 2 March 1742, 

Savannah in Georgia the 27'^: of Ober 1742. 

llon^": Gentlemen 

thank God I am safely Ariivd at this place, 
After a troublesome passage of Ten days from 
Charlestown distant from this about a hundred 
and forty Miles, Being no more Absent from it 
then Six Months from the time I went to Eng- 
land and returning back, this is thought as quick 
dispatch as has been to this part, Tis no little 

Correspondence 409 

Joseph Avery to the Trustees. 

Surprize to ino to find the Alteration that has 
been in this place since I left it, A great part Juons""!" 
of which was Occatioued by the Invasion of the noticeable. 
Span^-ards, which by Gods pro\^dence and the 
bravery of the General and the Troops and peo- 
ple with him beat them off with shame and loss. 

this Allarm caus'd all the people of this place 
Except the Men (some of them not behaveing Spanish 

as they Ought) to retire to plantations in the cause of 


Woods as Ebenezer and others for their Secur- retiring 

to plan- 

ity, some of them with the Men belonging to t^*'°"^- 

them never return 'd (to this place) but went to 

Charlestown and other parts of Carolina where 

they was Invited, Most of those that did return 

have been sick and some of them dead, others of ot^savl^ 

nah much 

them gone to Garrison the Forts and lookouts, reduced. 
So that the Town of Savannah is much reduc'd 
as to the Nuniber of people. 

But in my comeing throngh Carolina and at 
Charlestown I saw several of those that have 
left the Colony at this time and before. Who 
upon hereing what has been done at London and 
knowing your Hon'": good Intentions are re- 
solv'd to return to the Province again and to 

^ Enraged 

Act with more prudence, They pretend to be Itejhens 
much Inrag'd at Tho': Stephens who they say of r%7c""^ 
has betray 'd them in Reflecting upon your jn^hj-^^' 
Hon": and the General in his Petition to the 
House of Commons, it being as they Conclu'd 
rather to sattisfie his own resentment and some 
few with him, then the Sence and desire of the 
people that Employ'd him: who's Instructions 
as they x\dd strictly injoyn'd him never to touch 

Correspondence 409 

Joseph Avery to the Trustees. 

Sniprize to me to find the Alteration that has 
been in this place since I left it, A great part ifunns''*in'"' 
of which was Occatioued by the Invasion of the noticeable. 
Spanyards, which by Gods providence and the 
bravery of the General and the Troops and peo- 
ple with him beat them oft with shame and loss. 

this Allarm caus'd all the people of this place 
Except the Men (some of them not behaveing Spanish 

as they Ought) to retire to plantations in the cause^f 


Woods as Ebenezer and others for their Secur- retiring 

to pian- 

ity, some of them with the Men belonging to ^^^'°"^- 

them never return 'd (to this place) but went to 

Charlestown and other parts of Carolina where 

they was Invited, Most of those that did return 

have been sick and some of them dead, others of of'^savln? 

nah much 

them gone to Garrison the Forts and lookouts, reduced. 
So that the Town of Savannah is much reduc'd 
as to the Number of people. 

But in my comeing through Carolina and at 
Charlestown I saw several of those that have 
left the Colony at this time and before. Who 
upon hereing what has been done at London and 
knowing j^our lion": good Intentions are re- 
solv'd to return to the Province again and to 
Act with more prudence, They i:>retend to be 
much Inrag'd at Tho': Stephens who they say 

at Thos. 
on accou;il 
of retlec- 

has betray 'd them in Keflectiug upon your m hi.-3 ' 

Hon": and the General in his Petition to the 
House of Commons, it being as they Conclu'd 
rather to sattisfie his own resentment and some 
few with him, then the Sence and desire of the 
people that Employ'd him: who's Instructions 
as they Add strictly injoyn'd him never to touch 



Colonial Records 

Joseph Avery to the Trustees. 

upon Cliaraetoi'S or Transactions of the Colony 
but only to be^c that they wou'd take pitty of 
them, and to redress them so far that they 
might liave Grants which with Industry wou'd 
enable theTU to git their bread and to Improve 
the Land granted them, which by what was at 
present allow 'd they was not able to do, And 
therefore they was Oblidg'd much Against their 
will to leave the Colony. What they alledge 
against Tho": Stephens they pretend they will 
make good to your Ilon^': how far they will be 
so good as their word I know not, but I am in 
some doubt about it, those of them that are dead 
perticularly ]\Iathews who was troublesome and 
factiously inclin'd, is well out of the way, and 
if some more of them wou'd either reform or 
lOlse ft)l]ow him it woud be no loss to the Colonv. 


of tb.e 
Mr. Orton. 

Dutch nn'3 
a town 
and plan. 
tations at 

I am Sony for the death of our Minister jsV : 
Orton but M': Doble officiats in his place in 
ri-ading prayers and Sermons, Our hopes is tliat 
we shall soon be Supplied with another. 

As their [sic] are near Forty familys of Duch 
fsic] or German Servants allmost out of their 
time, tliat wants land Run out for them to settle 
a Towji and Plantations contiguous. So White 
BlulT at the head of Venion River is though a 
jn-ojicr ])laee for it, tis distant from this about 
Nine Miles, and being good land is desird by 
them. Therefore before I go upon the General 
Survey I purpose to run it out, by which means 
they may then go to Work and prepair the Land 
for the ui'xt years Crop as they incline, I shall 
endeavour to precure them Mulberiy plants and 

Correspondence 411 

Joseph Avery to the Trustees. 

Vine Cutiiigs to plant upon the land as they 

clear it, that so all the time possible may be pla"'""^ 

sav'd accordinc; to the Scheme I left with Your 

nd Tine 

to the 


Hon": the providing of which and the making gcrman^"^ 
Use of them has not been so carefully observ'd ^*^"^^'^'<^"^- 
as it were to be wish'd, but I shall indeavour to 
mind it for the future. 

As the Winter and Spring is the best time of 
Surveying, perticularly in the Woods, heads of 
Eivers &:c:. for fear of snakes, with other 
reasons needless to trouble your Hon""': So as 
soon as I have settled the Duch Servants, then 
'ill proceed with all Expedition to carry on the The genera! 
General Survey of the Province to the South of the 
with proper Remarks, The Summer will be Em- 
ploy 'd in drawing Plans, Writing Journals of 
Improvements and Advance of the Colony to be 
kept here and returnd to your Hon"; it being 
the Office of Surveyor and Inspector, As drawn 
up and left by me. And as the Garden and Farm 
Lots of the Town of Savannah are not Run out 
as they ought, but remain in Confusion some 
of them being Pinebarron, and others of them 
Swamp and Overflow 'd Marsh, and some of the 
people complain that they never had any Run 
out, and so they cannot know where they are, 
These and other discouragements as their being 
seperate and of a Triangular form with Road 
round them, And haveing a Square in the !Mid- 
dle calld Trust lots, which hinders the free ^'if JMsj^n 

' ar.a running 

Circulation of Air and causes them to be sickley, 
they also require more fenciiig then twise the 
quantity of Land in an Oblong or Square form, 

Gp.rden and 
farm lots 
of the 
town of 

out of lots. 

412 CoLOXL\L, Records 

Joseph AveiT to the Trustees. 

these and other Reasons are the cause that so 
few Lots are In)])rov'd, most of them haveing 
never liad any thing done to them 

And as they must be all Run over again, and 
where tlie Land is not good others must be Sub- 
stitute in its place which is the opinion of the 
President and Council as well as my self. Yet 
I shall not j^resume to do it without your Hon", 
approbation, and allowance to Run out those 
patches of ground calld Trustlots to make up 
what is wanting to the several Freeholders, 
And as tl)e people very much desire to have 
their Lots run together and that they may be in 
Squares or long Squares rather then Triangles 
being more Connnodious and less Expence in 
fencing, so what is yet to Run out I desire to 
know whither you will be i>leasd to have them 
liim in that manner, 

And as their is a great quantity of Land near 
quantity^ a ^^^^' ''^wu of Savaunali that are Islands and 
fslandTetc. f'^^^^'i'^' that are said to be reserv'd for the Trus- 
tees, So ]ih'ase to let me know whither it may be 
Ivun {;iit as Vacant land to those that wants to 
setth' in tlie Colony, or whither your Hon"': 
ineliu'' to have them, or any part of them, re- 
serv'd for you to Improve and lease out, which 
may Certainly be done to Advantage, And also 
to su(^]i other lands upon the Southern Rivers 
that J shall think proper to set apart for that 

if you incline to do so please to let me know it, 
that so 1 nniy turn mv thoughts how it mav be 

Correspondence 413 

Joseph Aver>- to the Trustees. 

done to Advantage which I shall lav before you 
for your Approbation — 

And as I hinted to your Hou"^: before I left 
London, the Necessity and Advantage of liave- 

of ship. 

ing a Town, Shipbuilding yards, and Settling yards, etc. 
with Plantations, the Extensive Country about 
that Excellent River Ogeche so since I came 
away, I have spent a good deal of time and 
thought upon that Subject, which when fully 
degested I shall lay before you for your appro- 

The ground 
rent of 
the town. 

the ground Eent of the Town propos'd by my 
Scheme, will at least amount to a Thous^: 
pounnds S' : a year v,-ithout any Expence to sup- 
port it, and Yet the Inhabitants Avill be less 
burden 'd then those of Savannah, There may 
as I observ'd before be a great quantity of Land 
kept, or rather Improv'd and let out to lease, 
without being any prejudice to the Settlers in 
that Couutiy. 

I have communicated to the people here, and 
to several others that wanted to know as I came The manner 

m which 

through Carolina the manner how their Land is be" granted 
to be granted, Eun out, and assertaind by Plot & 
Grant annex VI to them. This they all appear to 
approve of and are highly pleasd at it without 
any Objection, And they farther say that was 
xVugusteen redust [sic] and the Terms granted 
that are proposd the Colony woud be wortli 
liveing in, and woud in time become a florishing 

414 Colonial Records 

Joseph Avcr>' to the Trustees. 

the Colony. 

As tlie Higblands of Scotland at this Invasion 
S's'Jotiand. of the Spanyards, have distinguish 'd them 
solves vers' well in the defence of the Country, 
so I believe tis in iny power, as I am informd by 
Letters from my Friends and relations in that 
Country to bring from thence at times a Con- 
siderable Nmnber at least five hund'' : f amilys if 
your lion": incline to Incourage them to come. 

I should be glad to know how you approve of 
md^ecnJinK the pa})ers I left with you about Improveing 
and peopleing the Colony to it I have a Suj^ple- 
mcnt to Add which as I apprehend will be 
Equally Tsefull, vvhich I shall send to your 
Hon'"': when I know how far those meet with 
your approbation — 

AA'hen you please to send my Commission and 
Instructions wlnVh is Necessary to make me as 
Usefull as I wou'd incline, I shall take care 
pointed to Observe them and all other Com- 
mands you honour me with. I am with the out- 
most respects 

Your Hon'^ : 

most Obed' : humble Servant 

Joseph Avery 

To the Hon*''*: Trustees for Establishing the 
Colony of Georgia 

Correspondence 415 

Joseph Avery to the Trustees. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter from Joseph Avekv to Mr. Verelst at 
THE Georgia Office ix Queen Annis Square, 
Westminster, London. Eecd 2 March 1742. 

Pr the I^klAGD.ALINE, CaPT PeACOCK. 2. D. G. 

SavanDali in Georsria the 27^'': 8ber 1742. 




it has pleas 'd God that I have had a most Ex- 
cellent and quick passage to America where I 
arrived the W^ : Inst : after a short passage of 
live Weeks, 

ray Arrival was much wanted to Run out and 
settle a Town for the Duch or German Servants to run out 

and settle 

which I am going to do at White Bluff upon 

upon [sic] Vernon River for about a hund"": 

a town at 
White Bluff 
for the 
Dutch or 

Family s the land being very good, tis true their seT^^ms. 
are not above Forty Familys the rest of the land 
will be redy for others vrheii they come over I 
beleive they will be Industrious and do very well 
for them selves, but not for any other they 
haveing been very expensive to the Trustees, 
nor will any white Servants Ije of any proffit un- 
less they are well lookd after and redust [sic] 
to Rules in working like the black servants in 
Carolina, I sup])ose vou'l alk)w mv Sallarv to tn'u-.v 

J I . ^ . .. Trustees. 

Commence from the beginning of Sber T am 


,eyoo ir Mvif 


Colonial Hecords 

Joseph Avery to the Trustees. 

The feneral 
survey to 
the south 
of the 

and iiisp*;c- 
tor of the 

bcKln wotl 
and In. 

sliurc it Nvi1l be fully earn'd before Christmas 
dav, not only in runing out the Diich servants 
to^^il and Land, but also in continuing on the 
General Survey to the South of the Province, I 
shoud be -lad you wou'd hasten over my Com- 
mission and Instructions, that so I may know 
liow far ] am to Act, and whither it will be agree- 
able to the duty of a Surveyor and 
Inspector of the Colony as drawn up by me and 
left w'. you when I came away, I know they 
are both' wanted and will be equally Usefull, but 
without my power I cannot open my office and 
begin books and Enter and Record things in 
form, nor can I receive Claims "Warrants for 
Runing land, or Give plots and Grants Annex 'd 
without nor can I inspect the several plantations 
Improvem'^: and others things wanted to be 
look'd into in the Colony and keep Journals 
tlieir ulY as Avas propos'd without sufficient 
])ower so to do, 

I have of this date writ to the Trustees accord- 
ing to their order which please to see and let 
me know how far they approve of what is theirin 
))roposd aTid Oblidge 

S^: your most humble Servant 

Joseph Avery. 

P: S: I shall writ you more fully in my next. 


Mr. John Terry to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter from Mr. John Terry to Habman Ver- 
elst 1 November 1742 Eecd 3 Jan^^ 1742 


In ClosGcl you have the Coppy of my Last 
Letter of the 17'^: of June Last, as Also the 
Duplicate of Sundry papers ^y'^. I could Not 
Send Nor write Sooner, being I had waited for 
the Prize Sloops Departure 3 or 4 months, And 
finding that the day of her Going Never came I 
then Sent Such a Packet to a friend at Charles 
Town to forward it to England; w"\ I hope he 
hath «S: that you reC^ the Same, of w"*" : I shall be 
glad to hear 

I have Since rec''. the hon". of tliree or four 
Lines from you of the 27"". of march Last w'". Twenty 
20 Coppvs of the IIon^'^ the Trustees Resolu- ^he True 

tions. And am very Sorry to hear that the peo- 
ple of this place Are Not yet quite Satisfyed w"\ 
the Contents. 

M'. Bosomworth who is the bearer of this 
Call'd Ui)on me About an hour ^\go & told me 
that he had Just a little before rec*^. Orders from 
the Gen', to Embark to ]\rorrow ]\[orning on 
board a New yorck vessell in order to go home 
from New yorck w'-' : Some IMspatches, so that 
I have but Little time to write you theese Lines 

Sir you will See by the Inclos'd Letters the 
Improuvements I have done since I am in this 

tees' reso. 

a.'fft 1- 



CoLONL\i. Records 

Mr. John Terry to Mr. Ilarman Verelst. 

The Im- 
wliilc in 

on Mr. 







Country And I lia e Since Laid Out Upwards 
of forty Pounds stg in Short I have gone As 
farr As luy Small Substance woii'd allow me 
Even to the Last shilling, And when I thought 
to recruit my Cash w"'. my Saliery. How great 
was my Surprise when I found my Draught ou 
M'. Stephens was Protested And was Made Ac- 
quainted by a Letter from the s^. Gentleman 
that he had Orders from the Ilon'"^: the Trus- 
tees to pay No Saliery to the Southward, is it 
probabh^ or possible for me Sir to beleive that 
the Hon''"' Trustees have Sent me here w'^. the 
promis of a Saliery, And that Soon after I Ar- 
rived liere x\nd have vSpent all I had in my own & 
my Sei'vant's Subsistance, in Clearing of Land, 
Building, & planting that Such worthy Lords & 
Gentlemen, wou'd give Orders that Such Saliery 
should N"ot be paid me, And that I Must Live or 
Kather Starve in a place where Nothing is to be 
had without the money in the hand, Such Sir is 
my present Condition, and what is worse, the 
Land I have Cleared in Order to plant Vine- 
yards this Next Spring, will Again be over run'd 
w'\ permetoes and Brush before I am able to 
proceed in what I Intended I cant help saiying 
it is very hard, for I have allready sold many 
valuable things \^^^ I would Not have done if I 
had lind my Saliery, & tho they Are but small 
still it would have innabled me to have done a 
gi-eat D.'al in planting of vineyards. Now that 
my Clc.-ired Land is fenced, my Dwelling house 
& out houses are Built w'-•^ Are 4 in Number, 
therefore Sir I humbly Entreat you to Lav Mv 


Mr. John Terry to Mr. Harman 

In great 

i;ov,ns to 
hide in- 

The atietnpt 
the Span. 

Desolate Case before the board and move the 
hon""'. Trustees to do some thin^: for me in re- 
gard to what I mention in My first & in the In- 
closed Co}3py 

Likewise if yon would be so Good to Acquaint 
them that we are here in very c^eat want for need'o? 
Magistrates Gowns to hide our infirmity's for 
realy Nobody Ever wanted them more then we 
do here to Sett ns off for realy we make a most 
shocking figure on the the [sic] Bench and as 
Little we are regiiarded 

I shall Not make here Any ]\rention of the 
attemjot the Spaniards Made upon this Island 
being you have Err Now had a full Ace': of the If^on '"''''' 
whole, I must Notwithstaud^. Acquaint you that 
my house in my Plantation was in or Duering 
the battle Broke open tV: all there ro1)bd Even 
my very Poultry, I was Not quite got in to it 

■^ ^ House 

Other ways I should have Lost all I had, but £1;^^ 
what I Lost has been been a Great Loss for me ^'''"'^■ 
tho it do not I beleive Exceed £ : 10 — to w"' : 
I hope the hon^'". the Trustees will have Some 
Hegard & Eeimburse me that Triffle y\ Assis- 
tance therein will very much oblige me, if you 
desire a Catalogue of what I Lost and the value 
of the Same Upon Oath I shall Send it you. I 
have planted Some Prickly Pear tree on my ^llS't 
Land in order to Make an ICxperiment on 
Scotchneal, but most of them have boon De- 
stroied by the Catties during the Invasion, but 
as the fruit is Not yet Ripe I can give you No 
Ace', of it I shall write to you in my next more 
at Large about it. 


420 CoLONi.u. Eecords 

Jno. A. Terry to the Earl of Egmont. 

I conelud Sir in wishing you health & happi- 
ness being with Jue respects • 

Sir Your most ohed'. and 

most hmnble Servant 
John Terry 

for liannau VereLst Esq^ 
fredcrica 1''. 9ber 

(From B. P. K. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter from Mr. Jo. A. Terry Eecordr of 
Frkderica to the Right Honble the Earl of 
Egmont at his House ix Pall Mall, London. 
1 Xov^-. 1742 1G Jan^^^. 1742/3. 

My Lord 

I liopr your Lordship will Excuse the Liberty 
I take in writing these Lines to your Lordship 
And in Troubling you with the Inclosed, w^^ 
are the Coppys of what I Had the Hon^ to write 
to the I^on''^ Board the 17'^ of June Last past 
As also that the Hon^'^ Board will Excuse my 
Not having writ Sooner Being I waited Several 
montlis for the Prize Sloop who was taken In 
fel/^ Last by one of our Guard Vesell, but find- 
ino' her going for England So Uncertain, I then 


Mr. Jno. A. Terr>- to the Eatl of Egmont. 

Sent my Letters to Charles Town to be forward- 
ed to London in a Packet Directed to M'. 
Verelst w'". I hope he liath rec^, but have Not 
yet had Any Account Thereof, Your Lordship 
and the Hon'''^ Board will see by y^ InClosed 
the observations I have Made Since I came to observations 

made since 

in the 

tliis Collony, all which I humbly Submit to the 
Hon"^: Board, Your Lordship will Likewise See ^'"^"'■• 
the improuvemeiits 1 1 [sic] have made in Clear- 
ing, Planting, & Building And I have Since the 
Inclosed were writen Laid Out Upwards of 
forty Pounds Sterling, w'^. Sum I have made of 
Some valuable Things I have disposed off w"^". 
I would Not Otlierwise have Done if I could 
have rec^ my Sallery of M^ Stephens, who Hath Sspole oi- 
wrote me word, that he hath positive Orders to things' " 


pav No Sallen' to the Southward w"\ hath been refused 

' - * payment 

a great Disappointment to me in my Intended °^ ^^^ary. 
progress in Cultivating of Vineyards, As well 
as a great Concern to me to See my Self quite 
Distitute of :\Ioney in the Middest of my Under- S'monel. 
takins. And I so Depended on the Eeceiving of 
my Sallery when I should want them that be- 
fore I drew on W. Stephens for half a years 
Sallery w'*". was Due to me Last IMidsumer I 
had stripd my Self of money to the very Last 
Shilling. Then Please to Judge My Lord what 
a shocking Thing it was to See my bill protested, 
Nor have Not Since Rec^. a single farthin of 
sallery. And I am Now My Lord forced to 
make a full stop in what I intended to have done 
In Jan^^ & Feb'^ Next in Ees])ects to Vine- 
yards, And SuiYer my Cleai'ed Land to be Again 

422 CoLOxiAL Kecords 

Mr. Jno. A. Terry to the Earl of Egmont. 

Over liun'd v."'. Pcrmatoes, Brush «fc other wild 
woods w^^. are so Difficult to Clear in this 
Country aud vrhat is Again Most Agravatiug is 
that all my Small Substance being Gone aud 
Laid out Upon my Phmtation to the Amount of 
about £:120— I have Kot a shilK to Support 
]\ry Self, in a Place where Xothing is had with- 
out Money — 

1 ha\'e in my Life My Lord Undergone Some 
before hardsliijxs P)Ut Never Such as I now Labour 


shfps.*''"'^" undo!-, And to Mend the matter in the time the 
Ennemis where here my house on my Plantation 
has boon Pobd & stript of Every things that was 
thou in it, w'*". may Amount to about £:S — or 
£:10 — sterling if all my Effects had then been 
romovod from my house in town all wou'd have 
l)ocn gone, ;ill these Greavances I humbly Beg 
your Lordship to Lay before the Iion^'^ Board, 
And 1 humbly Submit it to their Generous Con- 
siderations, As well as the Contents of the In 
Closed Co])pys, 

1 shall by the first Oppertinuty send the 
Proceedings IloTi''* Board Souio Proceedinp^s of our Court 

of court 

thr-pii"f Since I came to this Place and in Particular 
^'°°P-" that w"'. Concerns y^ Prize Sloop to w^\ my 

Xadivo Lauguage hath been of Great Use being 
all tlio Pt'0])le on board her were french And 
was tno clioif Instrument in finding in inj Ex- 
amining the jjoople Sutficiant ])roofs to Con- 
dem her, I Ihunbly Beg Your Lordships Par- 
don for having importuned your Lordship So 



L/etter from Dr. Hawkins. 

Loug, I therefore conclud witli the most pro- 
found Respect 

My Lord 

Your Lordship's 

most obediant & Dutyfull 

Servant to Command 

John Terry 

for the Right IIon''•^ the 
Earl of Egniont 

Fred erica in Geor^^ia V\ Nov^ 1742. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter from Dk. Hawkins Recd 3 Jax^^'^' 1742 
Frederica in Georgia y^ 5 November 1742. 

We are too Senceable of the Frequent Stop- 
pages and and [sic] prevention of Letters from prevention 

. L J 1 ^^ letters 

this part of the A\ orld which hinders onr Inten- !"^^?^'"£ 

'^ their nop. 

ligence AVith Brittain aud Consequently gives ^■"^"""■ 
great Susspition of Neglect in the Person re- 
quired to Correspond, and those needful! Rep- 
resentations are Buried in Obscurity or the 
Flames which should have reach 'd you long ago. 
I have ben punctual (to the time of my dismis- ^,,£,,j^,nts 
sion from that Correspondancy) in Sending niomJ"lZ\' 
•lust Accounts of the Lnprovements and other mnttors of 


-Matters of ^Moment which the Situation of a 


Coloni.Uj Records 

Letter from Dr. Hawkins. 

The care 
of the sic):. 
and Indians. 

PVoiitier ill tinie of "Warr would admit, as to 
Numbers of People ou each distinct Settlement 
the Discription these might have ben attended 
with fata.1 Consequeneies therefore on that Con- 
sederation I thought it more adviseable to be 
Silent. A Copy of these half yearly Returns 
were constantly returnd to England at the same 
time I Sent Colonel Stephens his. and Ive often 
desired him to inform me in any Particular I 
might have ben deficient in and his not finding 
any fault gave me Xo Satisfaction of haveing 
deseharged ray Duty. 

The last letter You pleasured m_e with was 
Concerning 13 Guineas being paid Cap'. Tomson 
on my Account which was to be in full for the 
demand of 50 £ for a Boat &c. but as that charge 
was grounded on Reason and Strengthened with 
Evodiences of the performances, I shall let it 
remain \A'ith Cap' Tomson till I have a Personal 
Opertunety of representing to the Hon"'" the 
Lords and Gentlemen the insufficiency of that 

I Continue the Care of the Sick Widows, Ser- 
vants and Indians and Objects of Charity as 
WfU as the Bayliffship but cannot gett Regailar 
]>aym."nt for Either, and this is the Complaint 
in general, I rely on You to do us Justice in 
laying before the Hon"'^ Board that this Kind 
of treatment must make Mankind uneasy and 
will not Support us while their Agents (con- 
trary I presume to their Honours Direction) 
Use the industrious part of the Settlement with 



Letter from Dr. Hawkins. 

such trifleing tlie Cousefjuence of which must 
be injurious to the Province in Gfeneral. 

Upon hearing- it whispord that the Hon*"*' the 
Trustees liad promised a Premium on Com &e. o^i ''o!™ ''"' 
in March last I wrote to Colonel Stephens desire, by^The 

^ Trustees. 

ing to be informed of the Certainty, for the 
Satisfaction of the Peoi^le here, and had his 
Answear Soon after which Confirmd it. which I 
instantly published (Tho it had ben kept Secret 
at Savannah from us for 6 months before and 
the time of Planting almost expired) the People 
not doubting the Promised Eeward and the 
Hopes of a Crop did what then Lay in their 
Power and produced more Corn this Year than 
Ever they had before as well as all other Kinds 
of Vegetables which will be near enough for the 
Support of this Part of tlie Province and would 
have ben much more if we had not ben plun- 
dred in the Spannish invasion but now our Crop 
is made we cannot a,'et one farthing of the Prem- couect 

^ '-^ premium. 

ium & this is the Second time we have ben 
thus used, as to my own Share I promised it ray 
Sei-\^ants as being in their last year of their 
time and it might have ben some help in for- 
warding them in a Settlement for which I am 
heartily sory that tis not comply 'd with. We 
shall soon be in the greatest Straits for want of 
hands and be render 'd incapeable of forwarding 
any improvements on that Account. I have the 
greatest Reasons to be uneasy on this Account 
because it must put a Period to my endeavours 
when things are lust brought to Perfection as The proJuco 
might be learnt bv the Produce of this Year viz 

.n lo i'ror;.;;;^ 

iii,'> 'vjr ':)!'iim «( 


426 Colonial Eecords 


Mr. T. Causton to Mr. Ilarman Verelst. 

Wheat Oranges Pomegranates of tlie last two 
Kinds a S})Ii'<'Uien is sent by the Gentleman who 
favours nie with the conveyance of this I desist 
from giving any Eehersal of my own affairs or 
Improvements leaving the whole to Eye Wit- 
nesses and remain with due regard to the Hon'''° 
The Trustees and the Future Welfair of this 

1 am S^ 

Your most Humble Serv\ 

Tho". Hawkins. 

(From B. P. P. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Lltteu from :Mk. T. Causton to Mr. Haemax 
\'f.i:i;lst, xVccomp'^-^^''^' to the Honoble the 
Trustees for establishing Georgia at their 
Office in, Westminster. 

Oxted in Georgia Nov. m\ 1742. 


Your favour of the 21 Aug-ust last was de- 
livered me on the 29 of October by Collonel 
Stephens; T inuigine you'l allow me to be much 
^r^ir"*' injured, when I find thereby that the Account 
which I srnt 22''. Nov^ 1739 and was sent back 
to the Coniissioners for examination in Mav 

Correspondence 421 

Mr. T. Causton to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

1740 is not yet reported on. If you reced my 
Letter dated the 20 September 1741. you will 
find I gave you an Account in w'. manner I was 
acquainted that such Account was transmitted 
to them: Since which I continued my Solicita- 
tions to each Coraissioner, and to M". Jones 
more frequent than the rest and in return had 
man}' promisses with^ one performance among 
the rest I was promised that Copi)ys of all the 
particulars should be sent in the manner I had 
drawn them out ; I have frequently urgd to him 
and them, that each joarticular might be ex- 
amind in my presence, but with' Success ; They 
neither make Objections to the Account nor take 
any measures to examine it. And if I must 
suffer for such a neglect of their duty, It is 
naturall and very reasonable I should have sat- 
isfaction. Colli. Stephens having read your 
Letter is of Opinion that M". Thomas Jones 

Col. Steph- 

ought to be under an Arrest till my Damages in ?hat Mr"'°" 
generall are made good: and assures me M"". should be 

^ _ . arrested. 

Parker will grant his warrant for that pui^pose; 
I have wrote to General Oglethorpe desiring his 
advice; and sho'^ too late a time elapse wherein tuorpe-s 

' ^ advice 

I might receive an Answer from the Honoble ^'^^sht. 
trustees to my Letter of the 8'*"-. of April shall 
act accordingly. 

My Concern for the good of the Colony leads 
me to observe to vou that as the Comissioners .si,,:;.ms for 

iiia.i.' little 
use of Mr. 

for Accounts have made so little use of me and 
nt the same time led the Trustees into so many cau.ston 
errours I think my personall attendance in Eng- 
land would do Service; As well with regard to 


Colonial Tiecoeds 

Mr. T. Causton to Mr. Harman VerelEt. 

The late 
by the 
at the 

ers of 
Kive no 
for defence. 

Gen. Ogle- 
thorpe in. 
spired with 
match kf-'.s 

the lato e.\i)0ijces and progress of the Colony, As 
also the detocting the Spring to T. Stephens's 
Agency com-eniing each of which, so mui'h is to 
bo said and those liable to so many questions 
that Letters cannot possibly relate it. If my 
Circninstances had i)ermitted, you had certain- 
ly seen me long since. 

1 beg the favour of your dispatches to this, 
and hoi)e my Letter to the Ilonoble Trustees of 
the 8 April last, will recieve a more benign and 
speedy Answer, than what you seem to intimate. 

The late Attack by the Spaniards at the 
South, gave a very terrible alarm to us in the 
North; but this was most of all encreast by the 
Weak and Timorous disposition of the Coman- 
ders of the Militia, who gave no Directions for 
Defence, But contrariwise each Comander 
-Majo.Mr.ite c\:c equipt for flight; So that this 
part of the Colony was near being depopulated ; 
The Damages by this Alarm and Sickness of 
Cattle is inexpressible. Grods mercys inspired 
(Jeneral Oglethorpe with Matchless conduct, and 
thereby preserv'd our Lives and Possessions; 
May lie also provide means to enable our Hon- 
oble Patrons whereby to repair our shattered 
Circumstances and Comfort the afflicted; And 
may lie also give us the blessing of Peace within 
our Selves, and Obedient Hearts, 
who Am S\ 

Your very humble Serv'. 

T. Causton. 
M'. Harman Verelst. 


Mr. Hawkins to Mr. Verelst. 

(From B. P. B. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Lettek from ^Ir. Hawkins to Mr. Verelst 
Eecjd 17 March 1742. 

Frederick y^ 30 November 


I was Favourd with yours of the 25 of August 
Six days ago and Persuant to the Hon*''^ the 
Trustees demands I answear the Several 
Queries of Your Letter, it being no small satis- 
faction to me that the Hon" Lords and Gentle- to" secure 

the prlvl- 

men endeavour to Secure us the Priviledges of ^^^ffs^^^^ 
Brittish Subjects, which as far my Small En- '^'''^''''^ 
deavours would Contribute I have constantly 
i:>ushed forward but tis my humble Opinion that 
the discontented Party have injuriously and 

tented party 

Scandalously ben representing Falsities behind sentinfr 
the Sceenes whicli they cannot Vindicate on the 
public Stage. 

In answear to the first youl please to represent 
to the Hon'^ Lords and Gentlemen that during 
General Oglethorpes Stay at the Settling the 
Southern Parts of this Province I do not Rem- 
member any Person desirous of leaving it was ^,.^ pj-opor 
on proper Application to his Excellency ever to^u-ave'"' 
refused going out of it or from one part to refuied. 
Another, who Acting as a Trustee was invested 
as we ap})rehend with a Superior Authority to 
the Majestrates by Virtue of which at his Em- 

430 Colonial, Kecokds 

Mr. Hawkins to Mr. Verelst. 

barkatioii for England Cap^ Horton was de- 
puted to Act Under his Commission in his Ab- 
sence and did <o till his return so that during 
the wliole a\ e never gave of our Selves any Pass 
or Permit or hinderd any or have we any thing 
to do with it to this day. 

In regard to "the interposing and Stopping 
to uie'^'^stop- ''the Proceedings on a Particular Presentment 

ping of pro- ,., '^ -.-n. i?T 

ceedings on '.^t tlio irraud Jurv agaiust Persons tor im- 

a particular ' ► ^ 

mlnrl't the "moralities." it may be remmemberd that I was 
jun"'^ the most Instrumental in rectifying grievances 

Most in.'^tr; 

of tliat Nature and if an enquiry was made I 
Incurving fancy no Person has given more exemplary 
grievances, p^.^.^^i-^ ^^ .jj^.j^. ^etestation of such Practices, 

])ut this as well as many otlier Accusations is 
absolutely false. I hope therefore the Hon^ 
Lords and Gentlemen will not think me tedious 
in 2-ivinci- the real State of the flatter. W. 
'Xil-'n on Xorris wa.s tlion Minister and reported to have 
tiie min" "" l\e]>t liis Scrvaut as his '\\'liore who proving 
with Child told the same to Several of this Place 
whcreujion the Story supported with many 
heineous and detestable Circumstances exas- 
perated many of the Inhabitants and they would 
have nothing to say to him or Suffer any Cere- 
mony of marriage to be perford by him in par- 
ticular the Parties Mentioud in the Presentment 
whose Declarations of the Veracity of these 
things arc in the hands of the Recorder and I 
have dcsiird him to forward them to You whicli 
?n^'thr'''''"'' I hopo you'l receive with this. The Parties in 
presentment, ^j^^, Pivseutment Were Sam" Lee and Ann 
Widow of Lev. Benuet for not Living in Wed- 

UiU\ Hli'-'-Wi'Mi 


Mr. Hawkins to Mr. Verelst. 

lock These Persons were absolutely Married 
tlio vdth many Objections against the s^ M'. 
Xorris by him and only for want of Opertunity 
would have ben long before for in M"". Dysons During 

and wife in 
open court, 
but refused 
to let 

Life time he publislid tlie Banns of Matrimony of Mr. 

Dyson the 

twice but his affairs calld him to Savanah where Ji^^Jr/niony- 
he died, in the same Presentment John Harding ""t^^Ht"'^ 
and the AYidow Spencer were mentiond who 
thereupon appcard and declared themselves be- 
fore God and man to be husband aiid AVife in Declared 
the Open Court, but would not be Married bv husband 
M'. Noriis. _ Tiie People brought to these terms 
and Our Authority Questiond in these Points we Mr.'^xorns 
shoul be glad to know what farther necessary 
Steps can be taken in cases of this Nature when 
they Happen wo are neither of us Bred to the 
Law or are we Supported with Instructions 
Book.^ or Presidents. 

To the Last in respect of Letters I have now 
ben in this Province near 6 Years about two 
Years since I receivd Several Letters in a Box 
with the Eesolutions of the Hon*', the Trustees 

marry them. 

of the 
and esti. 
mate for 

and the Estimate for the Southern Division of division of 

tlie Province the Letters I carefully deliverd Un- 
opened to the parties to whom they were direc- 
ted A Letter belonging to One M"" Adlan was 
returnd he being gon from the Regiment to Eng- 
hnid, Since which I have had none come to my 
Hands belonging to any one and during my 
v.diole time here I have only receivd 5 Letters 
from Y^ou two from Benj Afartyn Esq two from 
Cap'. Horton while in England who declares he 
\vrote me upwards of twenty and three from my 



CoLOxi.u^ Eecords 

Mr. J no. Dobell to the Trustees. 

of letters 

Frieiuls wlio undoubtedly have wrote as many 
Score .<nine of these Letters which recjuired im- 
mediate Answears never reachd my hands till 
the time was relapsed [sic] tliat the Answears 
could not l)e of any Service or Effect and Com- 
plaints of this Kind are universal but where the 
fault lies I cannot determine but on the Hou^. 
Lords and Gen"°. Consideration of the Hard- 
ships many may Suffer by this Stoppage of 
Comniuiiication with our Mother Country it will 
we hope ])e soon rectified which would be of 
groat satisfaction to all 

I am v;ith due regard to the welfare of this 
Province the Hon''''' the Trustees most 

Humble Servant 

Tho^ Hawkins. 

To Tlarman Veralst Esq'. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Let'j Kii FHOM Mr. Johx Dobell to the Trustees, 
80 Xov^. 1742 Kec^ 11 March 1742. 

to observe 
all due 
to the 
Kevd. Mr. 

May it please your Honours ! 

Tlie 29'=' of October 1742 I received a Letter 
from M'. Verelst bearing date the 2°^ of Aug' 
UP. Wherein he required me *'To obseiwe all 
''due Obedience to the EeV^. M". Orton as I re- 
''gard y' Trustees Favour: And informs me 
*'that M' Joseph Avery is appointed the Land 


Mr. Jno. Dobell to the Trustees. 

*'Siu'veyor, to Set out tho Lots and to make out j^p^i-h 
"the Plotts tlioreof; aud tbat it was my busi- tomitd^und 
"ness to Kegister the same: That when the 
"proper Foi-m of the Grants are Settled, the bJii^'^^"''' 
"People would liave one part with a Plott and lot/.'Sc." 
"the Trustees another, And in the mean time 
"I should acquaint the Trustees liow every Lot 
''or Plantation taken up is possessed from the 
"beginning, and what Interest and what In- 
"terest [sic] the Possessor of each Lot. or 
"Plantation in the whole Colony claims therein : 
"And in doing of this (M". Verelest writes) M". 
"Stephens and ]\P. Avery wonld instruct me." 

at tenor 
of letter. 

Mr. Averj- 

This Letter I read to M^ Stephens when I 

rec** it: I also shewed it to M"". Aveiy two days 

afterwards: he seemed sui-j^rized at the sight 

of it and said: "It was a Mistake M^ Verelst 

'had mistook the thing. For I (quoth he) am 

'the jjerson appointed not only to Survey or Se^ subject. 

'Set out the Lands but also to give the people 

'a Title thereto and to Record the same; for 

'which purpose I have brought books with me 

'from England. "What then (replyed I) be- 

' comes of my Office of Pegister, and Appoint- 

' ment .' lie answered 1 might if I pleased write 

'under liim in his Oflice: That it could not be 

'supposed he would deliver up his works to 

'another: That it could be but one Office, and 

'accordingly he would write to the Trustees 

'and shew me what he should write." For this 

I have forborn writing to your Honours till his 

Letters are gone, but he neither has shewn, nor 

told me what he has writ. 


CoLOXLVL Records 

Mr. Jiio. DohoU to the Trustees. 

Col. Steph. 
ens applied 
to for 

As to 

High gate 


On Sautterday the 14 Novem'. I applved to 
Co!'. Stepliriis for Instructioim, and again ro- 
peatod to him what M'. Yerelst had wrote. ''He 
replyed he liad never heard a word of it before : 
AVhy liad 1 not acquainted hira of it sooner? (I 
seems he had forgote it) I assured him I read 
him the Letter in liis own house in the i:)resence 
of liis Sou, at the time above mentioned, when I 
received it of him. On Monday the 16 Ins' I 
gave i\r Stephens a Coppy to peruse at his 
leisure, lie then told me That, ''what the Trus- 
''tees required of me he had not fail'd of Doing 
**a part; twice a year, at least, himself; and 
*'only vrauted An Answer from the Board to be 
^'able make things of that sort plain, & added, 
*'tliat ■\P. Avery was the Person that must in- 
''struct me: That the Trustees sent me to him 
"for Instructions but in plain truth he was not 
"able to instruct me. However s^ he, in Two or 
"Three days time I'le take an opportunity 
"and Talk with you and give you my thoughts 
"about it." But not 'tis the 29 of Nov^ and 
that day is not yet come. Therefore I humbly 
hoj)e Your Honours will excuse me in that I 
have not done ray Duty. 

As to Highgate and Hampstead I have done 
them as well as I could without Assistance, and 
have, enclosed with a Draught of them, explica- 
tions thereof. Tis the daily burden of my mind 
that 1 (at present) am not able to acknowledge 
your Honours Favour towards me, by the per- 
formance of my Duty. I hope ere long I shall 

Correspondence 435 

Mr. Jno. Dobell to the Trustees. 


be able, when your Honours shall have caused 
your Orders to be executed. 

But, as to the fonuer part of M' Verelsts' Let- 
ter relating to the School, I have the sattisfac- ?o"u!o"^' 
tion of answering your Honours that I have 
more than fulfilled it; for I took no one step re- 
lating thereto without the xVdvice and Consent 
of the Eev*^. ]\P. Orton: And as I had no par- 
ticular Instructions about the School I also ap- 
plyed to ^P. Stephens to obtain his approbation 
and assistance therein: and proposed to the 
Council, wether those who were able to pay, or 
had rather pay for their ChildiTUs Schooling 
than accept your Honours Favour might not be 
permitted so to do? The Council agreed they 
might. I furtlier requested that the Council 
would consider who those poor Children were 
which should partake of the Trustees Bounty. 

them into the School, that I might be free from 
the clamour of those who are troublesome. This, 
they also readily comply 'd with. But such a f^rit of 
Spirit of Pride reigns here, that several who 'tis Te^yiling. 
well known, want Bread through Poverty occas- 
ioned by Sloth, choose to keep their Children in 
Ig-norance and "Wickedness, rather than go to 
^I'. Stephens for an Order: notwithstandijig all 
the persuasion I am able to use with them ; of- 
fering to go my self to M'. Stephens and Speaiv 
for any tliat choosed not to speak for them- 
selves. The answer of some has been *'We 
*' never were beliolden to the Trustees, nor will 
we now begin." All vrhich I knew to bo false. 

"Never were 
to the 


Colonial Records 

Mr. Jiio. r>obell to tlie Trustees. 

A Dutch 

and that some of those, of all others were most 
beholden. Xeither have I been able to get one 
of tile Dutch Cbildren into the School their pai'- 
euts entertaining a foolish notion of their 
having a Dutch Schoolmaster: but for the most 
part they have not been free, and that v/as the 
reason they did not send 'em: And now they 
are Free, they say its too late, as they intend at 
Chrismass to go to settle on their Plantations 
at Silver Bluff &c. 

Last of 

suffered in 
the death 
of the 
Revd. Mr. 

An enemy 
to hypocrisN 
and guile 

to read 
prayers in 
the absence 
of a min- 

The Number of Children which at present 
come to School is 11. The Town in general 
since the Alarm both Old and Young have been 
very Sickly, and many have Died, but at pres- 
ent it stands pretty well to health again. Be- 
foi'e tlie Alarm the Number of Children which 
came to School was about Twenty. 

I iiavc enclosed a List of the Peoples Names 
wlu) have Died, in or of this place; since I came 
over last; or since April 1742. 

Savaimah in the Death of the Eev^ M^ Orion 
hatli gi-eat1y suffered not only in the loss of a 
good .Minist<'r but also of a Gentleman who had 
th(> <;n.)d of the Colony to Heart; He laboured 
daily tn promote your Honours Interest and was 
an I'hiemy to Hypocrisy and Guile howsoever 
go rge o u si y a r r a y ed . 

0)1 his Decease :\P. Stephens and the Council 
appointed me to read Prayers «S:c. in the absence 
of another Minister : Also admitted me to dwell 
in the I'arsonage House, which joins as it were 
the Scliool, being about 20 ffeet distant; Inso- 


Mr. Jno. Dobell to the Trustees. 

much that the School is necessarily under the 
continual Inspection of the }vlini?ter vrhich in 
M'. Norris's time I found very disagreeahle; 
In M^ Ortons time very agreeable And because 
another Minister may be of such a Temper as 
M' Norris ivas of, I therefore humbly pray that 
some particular Instructions about the School, 
and what Obedience is due to the Minister may 
be given me; which I shall be always willing, 
and ready to Obey. 

This day is the 30^^^ of Xovem^ 1742 Last 
Thursday the 26'\ M' Stephens received from 
Gen'- Oglethorpe the Melancholv Ace'*, of a Fort The meun 

^ ^ ' choly ncct. 

called Fort Venture about 60 Miles distant from ^^^^l^ 
Frederica being destroyed by the Spanish In- 
dians. That the murdered the "Wife & Child of „.., 

Wife and 

W'". Francis the Commander & Two of the Men ^^'^!^ ^J,,,,. 
and took the rest prisoners (Tis said "W"" dt^red'^and 
Francis was at Frederica, and that Six Men, his taken 

' prisoners. 

Wife & Child were in the Fort) one of which 
was an Indian Slave. This Indian assoon as he 
was taken began to leap and rejoice for Joy that 
he was fallen, into the hands of the Spanish In- 
dians, telling them that the English had dealt 
Cruelly with him, by this he gained much Lib- 
erty and they permitted, or sent him to Hunt for 
them: by this means he gate clear, and came 
safe to Frederica, being the only person that 
Escaped. He says the N° of Spanish Indians Spanish 
which he saw were but Id. That their Design insin/cted 

to invade 

according to their Instructions from the GoV L>'»''f"- 
of S'. Augustine, was against the Darian, but 
that they made tliis m their way. 


CoLONLyL. Eecords 

Mr. Jno. Dobell to the Trustees. 

Militia mus- 
tered by 
Gen. Ogle. 
thorpe to 
be in 

The Dutch 
In the 
new settle- 
ment more 
to ttie 

A visit 
to the 
Dutch set- 

Com, pease, 

etc., pro. 
vided for 
the year 

We have ^Teat reason to fear that 2 Men more 
if not the Four were afterwards destroyed. 

On Saiittei-day Col"'. Stepliens Muster 'd the 
}.rililia of this place told them the contents of 
the Generals Letter, and that there was no great 
cause to fear but willed 'em to hold themselves 
in readiness in case there should be real danger. 
Under Arms of all sorts were about 59, and 
about J 2 by standers without Arms. 

If these Barbarians should penetrate farther 
this way 'tis the poor Dutch people in their new 
Settlenicnts; or those of Highgate and Hamp- 
slead that juost probably will suffer. Highgate 
«S: Hampstea<l are well form'd for Defence; but 
alass they are both so Deminished that they 
hav(^ no advantage on the New Settlements in 
that respect, save that there is arround either of 
them some Land clear: which y'^ others as yet 
have not had time to do : But all that can be 
e.\|>ected, or all tliat is possible, they have done. 

On Sautterday the 20 Ins^ I walk'd out to 
tlie Dutch Settlement next beyond Ilampstead 
but liad not time to visit every Settler: Two 
Family.^ amongst 'em have been there near a 
year, these joyn'd together and wrought all 
that season for one of them: they Clear'd, and 
Fenced, ^- Planted, about (as it appears to me) 
3 Acres of Land and built thereon a Hut, by this 
means that Man hath Corn Pease Potatoes & 
Pumhin to last his Family the Year round, and 
continues in }..artJiership with the other till his 
is broiiglit to the same forwardness (which 


Mr. Jno. Dobell to the Trustees. 

without tLe ueglect of planting liis own) by the 
blessing of God will be next Harvest: By this 
means an JCxcellent Example is set to the rest, 
& the others do so well follow after it that 'tis 
easy to guess how long each one has been on his 
Land by his improvem'-\ They are full of 
Thankfulness that they are free Men & have 
lands of their own, and seem to entertain no 
other aspiring thought but who shall be the 
best Planter. 

of Kamp- 
stoad best 


Michael Burkholder of Hampstead has a Mjchaei 
Tract of Laud of 500 Acres Adjoining to those 
Dutch SettlemcTits; and very soon he intend? to 
leave Hampstead and settle thereon : This Man C'''o">'- 
of all others in the whole Colony is the best Plan- 
ter, and if any man in the Colony may be said 
to live by Planting 'tis this Man: He of all Ji'nfi.g.' 
others has made the greatest Prooff of his Skill 
and Industry, an Honest ^lan & a regular liver, Castor of 
is Master of several handycraft Trades, such as hnmLcraft 


a Millwright, a AVheelwright a Cooper, and a 
Carpenter : His Eldest Son is a Shoemaker and 
Carpenter; his Son in law the same: Llis Eldest a" shL.^'^" 

^ maker and 

Daughter supplys the place of a Taylor, and his carpenter. 
Five other younger Children are daily train "d 
in those Trades. In all moderate weather they 
work in the Lands, and when it becomes im- 
moderate, or in the Heat of the day, they come 
home and within doors work at their respective 
Trades: Neither is this ^lan less careful of 
observing the Lords day and performing con- 
tinually Eeligious duties in his Family, and as 

a tailor. 


CoLONi.\L. Records 

Mr. Jno. Dobeli to the Trustees. 

Such a 

can never 
be elim- 

to utterly 
abolish the 

he lives himself, so he brings up his Child'': and 
his Houshold also in the Fear of God. 

About tlie middle of October last Letters ar- 
rived from Agent Stephens (as some here call 
him) wherein he writes (as I am well informed, 
That your Honours have had a Second Petition 
for :Money for the Support of this Place thro 
his means rejected, and that tho' your Honours 
had brought him on his Knees, yet he might ven- 
ture to say that he had Cast you on your Backs 
and left such a Stigmas upon you as you would 
never be able to away : That your Honours had 
failed in your word to S"". John Barnard in re- 
lation to Negroes. That most discerning Men 
esjx>used his Cause, amongst whom were the Pt' 
Hon-'^' Horotia Walpole— Pelham— Sandys— 
r,ib])uns Buc-aniion, [sic] S^ John Barnard- 
Cora m, late a Trustee, and others he mentioned. 
That these of his Party were resolved to push 
on the Attempt to the utter abolition of the 
Trustees. That the figure he now made was 
very formidable, & his Character Sacred, tho 
your Honours had so Hl'y treated him. He 
writes ^-'- [sic], that the Materials be speedily 
forwarded, because he is immediately going to 
renew the Atttack against your Honours: 
Warns liis Adherents to beware of a Paper M"". 
Avery would bring with him to Sigii. And that 
he was now going to bend all his Force against 
him who is the Cause of all their trouble, whom 
they might soon expect out of the Way. 


Mr. Jno. Dobell to tho Trustees. 

with whirh 

A matter 
of .specu- 

Who i.s the 

of Thos. 

This, May it iiIqslsq Your Honours, if I am 
rightly inform 'd, is the A.ssureance with v»^hich 
Thomas Stephens writes ! lilK''^ 

The great matter of Speciihition here, seems 
to be, who this person is, whicli is so shortly to 
be removed out of the way, which is the cause 
of all their Trouble? 

Some will have it to be the General, Alledo-- 
ing that he is an Enemy to Tho^ Stephens and 
his proceedings; Others that 'tis his Father he Stephens 

venom ? 

m'-ans, because of the great Variance vrhich 
they are at : Others Laugh at this and will not 
believe they are at any. 

In his last Letter.s before those of '° [sic] 
Oeto^ He made the Good Earl of Eginont (if 
not the cause of all the Evil) the Obstructor of 
all Good : For after he had mentioned his Lord- 
ships Illness, and that he was given over by the 
Physicians for Death, as a consequent hereupon 
says to his Clients, that, now they might soon 
expect Glorious Times! 

A Suggestion and Inferrence, so Impudently 
AVicked, that not many who know ought of liis and" infer- 
Lordsliip but what will forever despise, and jilC' 
Abhor — Stephens. 

It makes some think that 'tis Hereditary to 
'em without Distinction to Stab the Characters 
of ^ren ! 

That M^ Jones, who was a man Knowing and ^r. jones 
Upright, m.03t Zealously afl'ected towards '!^Tl^ 
your Honours and a daily seeker of the Publick '^'^^^"""^^^ 

442 CoLONi.vjj Records 

"W'm. Stephens to Benjamin Martin. 

good, h^lioiild be discharged from the Majes- 
tracy, gave many muc]i sorrow. But, I make no 
doiiljj heeaiise your Honours did it but tliat it 
was done for AVise reasons; and was in great 
hopes that the Loss of him would be supi^ly'd 
by ^r Sjieneer: But alass, as yet, it is not; for 
both IJini t^' M". Jones continue at Frederiea. 

I IJumbly Pray and Beseech your Honours to 
Forgive my Faults, particularly this Freedom ; 
And to Accept the most Affectionate Hearty 
Thanks of your most Dutiful 
truly Obliged & 
most Humble Servant 

John Dobell. 
Xovenr the 30. 1742. 

(Frum B. P. P. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Lkttki: FKo^r Stephens Esq^. to Me. 
Benjamix ^Iartyx, Secret.ary to the hox- 


Colony of Georgia. 

Red ] 

Wax These 


Savannah 1 Dec'. 1742. 

Your Favour of the 26 July ^^ Cap^ Cross- 
thwaite, came to hand the latter end of October: 


Wm. Stephens to Benjamin Martin. 

wlien I had then newly enclosed, in my Packett delating 
of the 27 of that month a letter of mine to yon j%;^^?rtKn 
of the IC^. D", in answer to what you w^rote me Riandfa^her. 

Thos. Young. 

relating to Thomas Eg-gerton, with his Grand- 
father Thomas Yonng'. 


I do not conceive y' from what you are pleased 
to write in your last, concerning Negros, it is 
expected I should enter into the Argmuent of 
their utility comparatively with white men, k 
take upon me to give reasons why the hon^" — 
Trust have not thought it hitherto expedient to 
allow the use of 'em in tliis Colony; since I iind 
That already done so judiciously, «S: with such 
clear Strength of Reason publish 'd to the "World 
in the Year 1741; y' I think it unanswerable: 
but for as much as I observe from what you 
Avrite, that several Gentlemen of Eminence in 
Trade had given to the Trust their Opinion in 
favour of Negros, under proper Eegulations & 
Restrictions; what they are pleased to expect 
from me now (I think) is, my opinion how Ne- admi^?ea 
gros can be admitted here consistentlv with the with sa'fetV 

^ ' to the 

safety of the Province: which therefore is the rrovmco. 
Point I am to stick to. 

If tis meant without exception as to time, I 
apprehend the answer is so obvious, & past all 
controversy, that twill admit of no disquisition: 
for during the "War we have with tiie Spaniards, 
& Augustine reniaining in their hands, it is im- 
])racticable with Safety to make use of Negros ^i'^ahiuly 
in Georgia : which is a Frontier of such a nature, ^f ,Ve^roel 
y^ I conceive it impossible, even for the General, '^ ^^"'•^-'a. 
to prevent their escape to the Enemy; tho' liis 

How negroes 


Colon i.vL Rpxords 

Wm. Stephens to Benjamin Martin. 

A troop of 
rangers ap- 
[ointed lo 
to and fro. 

wliole liegimont were appointed to keep a 
Guard for that }inr])ose; as his Excellence has 
at this time, divers Trooi)S of ivangers appoint- 
ed by him, to watch and examine persons of all 
kinds, jjassing- to, and fro' wherever tliey are 
found : nevertheless Xegros, seeking for lib- 
erty, were they now among us, would soon find 
means, by untrodden paths thro' a "Wilderness 
of tliick "Woods, to flee to Augustine so near us 
as tis; more especially when they will not only 
obtain their promised freedome, but also have 
xVrni'^ })ut into their hands, & become a part of 
their Arniv to fight against us. 

avf.'Flon to 

in improve- 
ment and 
of land 
by lack of 

J^resuming what 1 have so far said, to be un- 
deniable; it is next to be considerd with what 
safety they can be admitted in time of Peace. 
As I have always professd my own natural 
Aversion to keeping Slaves; & still (were it in 
ray choice) would rather prefer keeping of white 
Servants, if they might be had for moderate 
Wages; perhaps I may be lookd on as prejudic- 
ed in my o])inion : but since it has fullyly appea- 
rd, y' there is little or no likelyhood of supplying 
this Colony w^^ a competent number of those, to 
make such improvement in Cultivation of Land 
as is to be wishd; (S: at this very time most of 
our al>lest young people, have rather chosen to 
go into the Publick Service, (either in Scout 
boats, or as Rangers 6cc) than labour in clearing 
and improving of Land, which too many of 'em 
shew an aversion to. For these reasons, if the 
Use of Negros is admitted after the War; tis 
natural that I should (among others) be dealing 

Correspondence 445 

Wm. Stephens to Benjamin Martin. 

for a few also : & in such case I am to offer such 
reguhitious & restrictions as occurr to me neces- 
sary to be observe], for tlie future preservation 
& advantage of the Colony: which I shall en- 
deavour, with due deference to better Judg- 
ments, & with a perfect impartiality. 

1.' If Augustine remains in the Spaniards 

■^ If Augustine 

hands at the conclusion of this War (the con- [;^"\=|,'g"« 
trary of which must be wishd for, by all good g^^JfarL!^^ 
Englishmen, who have experieuced already too 
much what a Thorn they are in our side in times 
of Peace) it ought not to be supposed but that 
due care would be taken in a Treaty of Peace, 
effectually to prevent any runaway Xegros from 
being receivd or entertaind by the Spaniards, 
either at Aug-ustine, or in any other of their 
Settlements on Florida : wherein too much care 
can not be had to prevent their eluding such an 
Article again, as has been formerly practiced, & 
which they are veiy fond of. But in case of any 
future Ptupture betwixt the two Nations, & Au- 
gustine still in the hands of the Spaniards; 
what the eonsecpionce then might be, of the Ne- 
gro's revolting to the Enemy, vrho by that time 
might probably be some thousands in Number; 
I must leave to the consideration of those, whose 
capacitys reach far beyond mine. 

2. As to the proportion necessary for the 

« ^ , ^. 1 1 -v-r -L Number of 

safetv of the Colonv, how manv ]\egros may be noproes 

* . ,,^ allowed. 

allowd towards carrying on Plantation uork; 
T conceive y' any number not exceeding 4 at most 
will require one white man, of Growth & Stren- 

446 Colon lAi. Records 

Wm. Stephens to Benjamin Martin. 

gth siiilicic'iit for bearing Arms iii defence of his 
King and Country, always to attend; & either 
work with 'em, or at least constantly inspect 
'era: as well to see them proi3erly employd in 
the Day tinie, as to secure them at nights: for 
which reason such white man must make his 
abode on the Phmtation : and in that case, if the 
Owner himself shall at any time chnse to con- 
tiniio on his Plantation, to see his own Work 
carritMl on, he may be understood to be such a 
AVhite man as here meant; otherwise he must 
em)>]oy one for that purpose: and whether he 
hiinscif oi* a Servant under him be so employd; 
strickt care should be taken, y' Arms of all 
kinds be kept out of the power of Ncgros coming 
at tliem 

3. ^V]loreas the reason given for the use of 
Sbuitv'of"" ^'<"-''^'" i':i-^ been principally, if not wholly, an 

clfmvafing"^ Iiiipossibility of clearing land to any degTce, & 
ne'groes. '" ' cultivating it without 'em: it tacitly implys, tliat 
they are not wanted on any other occasion: 
which indeed I think: & therefore they ought 
not to be allowd in Towns, or any where, but on 
Plantntion work: under which term it is to be 
undcfslood, that rowing in a Boat on his Mas- 
ters Servioe, or going to «& from one Town or 
place to another, on the same, is included; since 
it may conduce to the improvem^ of his Planta- 
tion : for a greater liberty would be a great dis- 
couragement to labouring white people coming 
to live among us; who by such means would 
find litth^ Room to work; as many of our De- 
serters to Carolina have sadly experienced, con- 



"^'m. Stephens to Benjamin Martin. 

traiy to their Expectations: where Negros take 
oil all occasion of white men being hired: and if 
the case is so, with respect to Day labourers 
only; much more then ought there to be here a 
total i^rohibition of Negro's occupj'ing or learn- Ruies ap- 

pivinp to 

ing any trade; which must inevitably contribute "eproes. 
to the unpeopling of this Colony. Nor should 
the Master of such Negros be permitted to let 
them out to hire for wages which would confirm 
the practice of converting them to no other use, 
y' putting so much money in his pocket, where- 
witn to live idle, and voluptuously; as tis most 
notorious was the case of too many among us 
formerly who were the lirst, that upon their 
Serv^. times expiring, and that Fond failing be- 
gan to be clamorous, & to perswade the World 
to believe, they were driven hence thro' fear of 

These thoughts of mine (such as they are) 
I have ventured to offer, in Obedience to their 
Honours commands : humbly submitting it to 
their Judgment, whether they are of any Val- 
idity or not: as also what other determination ncsvo"^ 

ir ,-11 T . . . childr< 

tney 11 please to come to, m divers circum- before 

■^ accounted 

stances which will naturally occurr to their con- 
siderations; such as what age Negro Children 
must be of, before they are deemd suffcient to 
be accounted able Slaves Sec. &c. 

I am 

Your very humble Sen'ant 
Will : Stephens. 

ble sla\os. 


Coloxi.Uj Eecords 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. Ilarman Verelst. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Geor-ia, Vol. 22.) 

Lettei; from 'Wm. Stephens Esqr to :Mr. IIar- 
MAN Verelst Accomi^t to the Honble Trus- 

IN America. Eecd 17 March 1742 

Savannah 14 Dec'. 1742. 

The pro- 
before the 
House of 
by vile 

My last was of the 27 October, enclosing great 
variety of pa]iers whereof I then sent a Sched- 
ule, and no v.- a Coppy of the same. In that 
letter 1 took notice of the rec' of yours of the 11 
June c^' 2' of July r^ the Minerva (Cap' Cload), 
and the Georgia Packett (Cap^ M^CIellan) ; 
wherewitli also the Proceedings before the 
House of Tommons, occasioud by those Vile Pe- 
titions presented, w*^*^ you was so kind to send 
me, dis})layd that monstrous affair in such a 
light, as gave great pleasure to all good men 
here, wliom I thought proper to impart it to: 
and if hearing One side only, could shew us the 
weakncs.v of their cause, who carried on their 
Malice with such Venom; what might we expect, 
if we could come at the Sight of the honourable 
Trusts Defence?— but perhaps that is too much 
to wish. 

I am now S' to acknowledge the rec* of your 
several letters of the 9'*^ & 10'^ of Aug^ Cap' 
Crossthwaite, & of the 21 D° t^ Capt Eodgers, 
with divers papers, Coppys of letters, &c that 
came to hand about the time \\ Cap' Avery 

Correspondence 449 

AVm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

arrive!, the latter end of Ocf. (vide Journal 27. 
28. & 30 Oct--) : and on the G"' of this month I 
rec*^ your Favour of the 17 June from Cap* 
Thomson at S' Simons: (who I presume might 
have mislaid it in the late troublesome times:) 
however long- it was in coming, the News you ^he mar. 
wrote me in it of my unhappy Sons marriage, is Stephens. 
the first and only ace' I have had of it yet; none 
of the Family having for 6 months past given 
me Advice of any kind ; nor was I ever informd, 
of his having such an affair in hand: but his 
Brother now tells me here, y' he believes it is a 
Sister of M^ Steed a Refiner in Silver Street 
near Cripple Gate; which Family having 
Friends in the Neighbourhood of mine in the 
Isle of AVight; they sometimes spent a month 
or 2 there in the Sunnner Season; & tis pro- 
bable y from thence sprung their first acquain- 
tance; & afterwards such a familiarity, that all 
letters for him, were by his advice directed to be 
left at M/. Steeds in Town. During the time of 
my affliction at his late Behaviour, it pleased 
God to add to it by iha advice I rec^ y' his 
Brother (my second Son) who had been abroad The death 
several vears in the E Indies, died there: bv "«^cond son 

' of Col. 

w^^ means a small ]<]state, y' he held of Win- f^'^l'^i''^ 
Chester College for Life, then fell to him as next '''"'' ^"'^''-''• 
taker: which probably might be an additional 
means of helping the ]\(atch forward. As I have . . 

no expectation of ever seeing him; nor will he 
(tis very likely) think me more worth regard- 
ing, than 1 do him; ] have one only part of a 
Father remaining with me; w'" is to pray God 

450 Colonial Eecokds 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

Only one 

y^ lie may become sensible of his Errours, and 
ora'fathor find Gra^e to lead him to repentance; without 
■which, I feur he'll never prosper, -whatever his 
present acquisitions are with his Wife; whose 
Fortune, my Son here tells me, was reputed to 
be 2200 £.— But I ramble— 

Tis a Comfort to me, I assure you S", and a 
The , great one to be advised in reading over your 
attitude letter of the 9'" of Aug, that the honourable 

towards Col. ^' 

Stephens. Trustecs are so good to retain the same kind 
thoughts of me as before; and have sufferd no 
Impression to be made upon them, by Insinua- 
tions rendering me capable of so much l)aseness, 
as to approve of the unparralleld Conduct of 
my Son. 

In relation to MT. Bosomworth; nothing more 
needs to be said al present, since it may be sup- 
posed he is by this time on his way to England 
from New York, & will best give an acc^ himself 
of the occasion. 

As to ]\P. "Watts 's affair, I already wrote you 
Mra. Watts' a littlo time since, when I sent you her acc^, with 
the poor Ballance in my hands, v>-^^ I desired 
your directions how to transmit ; & I think it an 
insufferable abuse y' I can get nothing more 
from ^P. Causton than that he is a Prisoner 
Mr. Causton (what lio uieaus I know not) and y' he is sure 
self a. he has accounted for it with the Trust. The 

favourable Turn w'^ they have met with in their 
aft'airs before the Parlianf. has already pro- 
duced a Change likevN'ise among our people in 
their Sentiments about the Value of Lots here; 


Correspondence 451 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

and we have seen some Instances of it : if it 
rises. I think 'twould be of most advantage to 
the Widow, to sell it outright, as I liave a 
Power given me; for, considering the small 
Rent it has of late been let at, and the continual 
I^eductions for Repairs of an Old House &e, it 
turns to veiy little profit; but the Situation of 
it, being so good, very probably will excite some 
Purchaser to give a different price for it, than 
could be hoped for a while since. 

Your letter of the 10 Aug is so replete with . 

^ Various 

various matters of great Moment, that I must ^^^^^^J^, 
crave leave to postpone a few of those para- "^o"^^-''- 
graphs y' will best admit of it, till my next, 
when possibly I may be less throngd. 

Having in my last sent Duplicates of most of 
those paper? y' were unhappily lost with my 
Packett y' went hence in January last; I hope 
twill in some measure repair that Breach. The 
General Expences of the Year from Mich' 1740 
to D° 1741 which was also lost. I have again 
seen made out, & send it now. The 2 next 
mouths of Oct' & Nov^'" you wrote came safe; & 
the monthly Ace'' have been sent punctually 
since, Deb' «S: Cred in the manner you directed, 
w"'' von wrote me the Trustees were pleased to 

The ppr.eral 

approve of: & I have withall now sent the Gen- l'^^'^^^''" 
eral Expences of 10 Months beginning with Dec. S"fhe 

, Trustees. 

& ending with Sept last, under its proper Heads ; 
W' twas thought needless to sign twice; M\ 
Parker & I having signd 'em monthly. 

Correspondence 453 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

I am preparing a List of such as are entitled 
to the Bounty intended them by the I'rust, pur- th4«' °^ 
suant to the Directions sent me; w'*" shall be t.* bounty, 
transmitted w'"' all eonvenient Speed; and a 
Duplicate shall follow it. 

James Dormer having' been under a great 
Indisposition for a little while past; assoon as i^,nf,|r 
he is in a capacity of talking with, I shall con- 
sult him, as you direct, on what additional al-- 
lowance he'll provide himself ^dth one hand, & 
Provision, as he proposes. 

The Determination of the honourable Trus- 
tees, relatina- as well to the £150 that M' Haber- onThe^" 

"-' manage- 

sham is to account for; as to some Proceedings ]p^^^ of the 

' ^ Orphan 

touching the Management of the Orphan House, ^''^^^■ 
is most undoubtedly founded on Truth & Jus- 
tice ; and will require being complyd with, punc- 
tually. I shall think it no Burthen upon me, to 
give what Assistance I can, in setting forward 
the Building our Church; with an Assistant or 
Assistants of requisite Qualifications. 

The Produce of the Trustees Servants labour, 
w^^ is now called for, I am ma-king the best En- pi.^^y^e 
quiry into y' I can : but upon the whole, I fear Trust^ees- 

there will be room to say Pudet Hoc; & I almost i^bor." ^ 
think the Produce of this year last past, will 
amount to near as much as the several forego- 
ing years put together: &: how the whole has 
been applyd, must also appear, as well as can 
be made out. 

The Displeasure conceivd against ISP Hawk- 
ins for his unfair Dealing with the Trust, is not 

)m «t 

^^■^ Colonial Records 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. Ilarman Verelst. 

Displeasure f o bo wondci'.! at ; hut liow to make him refund, 
Hav/kirfJ'"" 1 "i"st be Well advised, before I attempt it: and 

caused by -. r -p ^ ' 

deifing '^"""'^ apj.^'nrs to have little inclination to 

Sustees. '^^''^^^^(' ; v/hei-e he thinks no good is to be gotten. 
Your letter of the 2i Aug^ relates wholly to 
Surveying the Several sorts of Surveying Instruments, 
purchased, bouglit by the Trust for Cap' Avery to use as 
occasion requires; w^'^ came all safe and well; 
and among the rest, there being two of the Cap- 
tains own purchasing at the ex%9 of 10 Shill- 
ings; I paid him that, as advised; whereby the 
Property of the whole is now in the Honourable 

Minx^tes ^^^ovQ I closc this letter, I must beg leave to 

?oJncii. ''^^'''' >^^^^ *o the Minutes of our Council of the 
4''' of this inst Dec^ wherein you'll find a para- 
graph relating to Servants out of their time, & 
craving Assistance to go upon Land; w^^ occas- 
iond some doubts among us ; and I was there- 
fore desired to lay it before the Trust for their 
Directions; which we shall wish for. 

I am glad to hear my letter of the 9 June 
went safe; k hoi)e likewise my former of the 4 
May found its way at last, w^\ went witli my 
othe]- packett the beginning of Sept : and 1 wish 
this may have better Speed, than some of ray 
former December letters have met w'\ I remain 

Your very humble Servant 

Will: Stephens. 


Rev. Mr. Bolzius and Mr. Groiiau to the Trustee.?. 

Bounty on 
the year's 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter from the Kevd ]\Ir. Bolzius and Mr. 
Gronau to the Trustees Acco*^^^"^. — Eecd 27 
April 1743 

Ebenezer in Georgia Dec IS'*' 1742. 

Dear Sir, 

Your very kind Letter of the 2^ of August last 
has given us Sz the people under our charge very 
great satisfaction, seeing that the Hon*''^ Trus- 
tees, have generously resolved, that the Bounty 
on the Crop of the year 1739, certify 'd by Col- 
onel Stephens & M^ Jones should be pay'd as 
soon as possible. Col. Stephens being not able 
for the present to afford the Bounty Money, we 
are in hopes, that His Excellency Gen' : Ogle- 
thorpe will shortly find out some Means towards 
the Paying of the said P>ount>^ agreeable to the 
Order of the Hon'''^ Trustees. May the Lord 
reward graciously the ^on*''^ Trustees for this 
& many more real testimonies of their unde- 
served Favours to us & our Flock manyfold, & 
bless them in all tlieir prayseworthy Undertak- 
ings for the real Good of this Colony. What 
good things God has done for us this year, what 
good Crop we have brought in in the Fall, & 
how well the "Works of the outward Call of our 
people do prospere, will appear to the IIon'''^ 
Trustees out of the written Account of the State 
of our Settlement, delivered by us to Col. Ste])h- 
ons to be inserted into his annual Account of 


Colonial Records 

Rev. Mr. B<.!zLus and Mr. Gronau to the Trustees. 

sented in 
by Thos. 
and Robt. 

Llvlnsr a 
life in the 

the Stale of the Colony. It surprized us very 
much, when we saw lately some written and prin- 
ted Papers of one Tho. Stephens & Robert Wil- 
liams & some more belonging to their Club, 
wherein our Name & Conduct as well as our In- 
hal)itants were very ill represented even to the 
rion^'^ Members of the Parliament. It would 
be entirely impossible for them to i)rove by 
matter of fact, what they had the impudence to 
alledge against us & our people, if the matter 
should come to a tryal : however it comforts us 
more that it grieves us, that they speak ill of us 
& our Settlers. For we should be very loath to 
hi." commend(.'d by the Enemies of tins Colony & 
the Jlon^'". Trustees, by which imadvised people 
in Knglnnd & Germany could be induced to be- 
lieve, that we were of their ill natured Mind & 
Principles. AVe enjoy under the wise & bounti- 
ful Government of the IIon'^'^ Trustees so many 
spiritual & temporal Blessings, & see the Works 
of our Hands, & whatever we begin for God's 
Honour & our Welfare in our Settlement so well 
prospered, that our Friends & Favourers here 
& elsewhere joyn with lis in Prayse lic Thanks- 
giving to God, when our Enemies poorly en- 
deavour to slander & misrepresent the State of 
our Colony & Settlement. We wish from the 
bottom of our Hearts, that all Protestants of 
our Xative Contry might live such a comfortable 
life, as we by the gracious Protection of God 
live in this Colony, so they had not much reason 
to complain of Hardships. Not only our con- 
tinued Journals, but the Letters of our people 


Rev. Mr. Bolzius and Mr. Gronau to the Trustees. 

also to their Favourers, Friends, Relations & 
Coutr^anen in Germany & Prussia testify it suffi- 
ciently, what good Things & Preferences they 
onjoy in Ebenezer, & their Hope is very much 
strengthened by Experience, that the rest of 
Difficulties, nevr Settlers labour under from the 
Beginning, will be successively overcome & re- 
moved, & they will eat the fruits of their La- 
bours in peace & satisfaction: and we hope the 
same of many more Inhabitants of this Colony, 
who are not addicted to Idleness, but to labour 
& Husbandry & its frugal Management. In 
consideration of which we ought to be censured 
as ingi-ateful & wicked people, if we should 
medle with any of the bad Contrivances of such 
persons, that lift up their heels & hands against 
the whole.^oTue Constitutions of the Hon^'^ 
Trustees & grumble under the Heaps of Bene- 
factions, bestow 'd by them upon the Inhabitants 
of this Colony. Therefore not only we Minis- 
ters but all our people, put to our C^harge, pro- 
test herewith against such people & their En- 
deavours, who presume & style themselves 
Agents of the People in Georgia: we have noth- 
ing to do with them & their selfmterested dan- t^o^^ "-^'^ 
gerous Contrivances. Please to take our free- a|^£of 
dom, used in this Letter, in good part : the afore- m ceor.Ma. 
said Papers have occasioned this Apology & Ab- 
horrence of all wicked Practices. AYishiug the 
Hon'''^ Trustees & you. Sir, all manner of spirit- 
ual & temporal Happiness, & eternal Howard.^ 


Colonial Records 

Mr. Jo Dobell to the Earl of Egmc 

for all their &: your favours to us & all our peo- 
ple, we lake the liberty to subscribe ourselves 
Bear Sir / Your luost obedieut 

very humble Sen^ants 

John Martin Bolzius. 
Israel Christian Gronau, 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 
Letter prom Mr. Jo Dobell to the Right 


London. !^t the Richard, Capt. Samuel Hal- 
LiN. Recd 9 March 1742/3. 

Savannah, the 5'\ January 1742 

The resigna- 
tion of J^rd 
to the 
about the 

My Lord ! 

It is now whispered about in this place that 
you have Resign 'd the Trusteeship; AATience- 
this News comes I know not, and therefore hope 
it is not True: However by this I have reason 
to rejoice in that your Lordship is still Living, 
and I heartily pray that you may Live to see 
the State of this Colony in such a AVay as you 
desire and Labour after which I am sure, ac- 
cording to the present management in this Place 
(let the Privilcdges be what they will) your 
Lordshi]) never can 


Mr. Jo Dobell to the Earl of Eginont. 

In any former Letter, I bad forgote to men- 
tion to your Lordsliip or the Hon'''". Board liow 
that of the £25 p*" Year, the Sahiry which your 
L'^Ship mention 'd for being Register, the Direc- 
tors here will pay me but £20. Indeed if they 
should Deign to pay me with nothing, if I could 
be of any service to the People and could pos- 
sibly subsist, I would maintain my Word to your 
Lordship. But alass ! I am not able to do this 
being entirely denied any Assistance from those 
to whome the Trustees send me for it, and am 
continually put off with delusive excuses ! Sure 
those who acts thus cannot be Friends to their 
Country any more than they are Seekers of the 
Trustees Honour and Promoters of their In- Not mends 
terest; All which doth too plainh'' appear and country, but 

' 1 ./ X J. promoters 

yet by Artful disguises they fail not to make j-'^Jt^^^^^"^^ 

their own Cause good, even to the abuse of the 

Honourable Confidence reposed in them. And 

indeed if it was not so, it would [sic] impossible 

that the State of this Place could be Reduc'd, 

by any past means, to the Low degree it now 


I have reason to believe tliat I am represented 
to the llon'^'"'. Board as a Malecontent; But Mv Represented 

' ' to tho 

Lord if I am so represented, nothing is more Jra^mlie- 
False, for this I do humbly affirm that none can '^""^^"^• 
have the Trustees Honour & Interest more to 
heart than I have, altho by the discharge of my 
Duty I am not able to shew it. 

Often do I call to mind the continual attend- 
ance and incessant Application, the early product^of^ 

. . • (> * those noble 

Hours your Lordship spends in wrestling for pains. 


Colonial Records 

Mr. Jo Dobell to the Earl of Eemont. 

and good, 
ness wretch 

A public 
letter of 
to Gen. 

ments fixed 
to trees by 
one of the 

tlie Good of this Colony, and to see Staring in 
ones F:iee the Barren product of those Noble 
Pains, and tliat too chiefly tlirongli the Wicked- 
ness and Folly of those who cloak all their ac- 
tions with good pretensions, it makes me abhor 
the proceedings of such Creatures, and grieve 
to see Greatness and Goodness so wretchedly 
abused ! 

After the Alai'm or rather the Invasion of the 
Sjtaniards a Publick Letter of Thanks to Gen- 
eral Oglethorpe was (by what Hand I know not) 
drawn up; which I thought my Duty to Sign, 
nor could 1 have thought any Heart would with- 
hold a Grateful Acknowdedgment of so great a 
Good, such a Signal Deliverance as this was (to' 
liim whom under God our Lives are oweing) 
wherein dwelt one Grain of Grattitude or Hon- 

Foi- this Cause several shameful Arts have 
been used to lessen my Esteem amongst the 
Peo])le, such as Scandalous Advertisements 
against the Pine Trees by one of the Majes- 
trates, and this manner of Advertizing lasted 
several Weeks, therefore I infer it was done by 
the Ai)probation of the rest. I thank God that 
tho it had some, yet not the desired Effect: But 
the Author gate himself despised by every So- 
ber person who too well knew what 111 conse- 
quences such Foolish proceedings have 'for- 
merly, when the Town was in its prosperity, 
brought forth; how Fatal to the well-being 
thereof it lias proved, although not then, per- 
haps, done by a 2^1 a..j est rate, nor with so mu<h 

Correspondence 461 

Mr. Jo Dobell to the Earl of Egmont. 

vrith his 
own folly. 

Slauder & Scurrility as this was perfonn'd. 
And because I seem'd to regard it not, therefore 
He redoubled his Efforts until! ho was wearied 
with his own Folly. 

And as One may represent me a Malecontent, 
so another has, I confess, a far greater reason 
to represent me a Hypocrite, because I carry 
Fair towards Col"'. Stephens and all those my 
Superiours ; But My l^ord, this I do from a prin- 
ciple of Duty due to their Persons and 0111 ces, 
abstracted from their proceedings. But I hope 
I shall have Honesty enough always to despise 
Hypocrisy, and such a share of Honour as will 
produce a willing & lasting Obedience to all 
whom it is due & requisite. 

As to what is done in Frederica I am entirely 

unacquainted with. We enjoy r.mcli Quietness '^one slf 


from the publick Enemy, neither have I heard 
of any Spanish Privateer on our Coast since the 
Alarm. We are now plentifully supply 'd with 
all sorts of necessary Provisions, but some is at 
a pretty Dear rate— The pres' Prices Whole- 
sale & Ketail are as Follows — 

Brown Bisquil. r*"" lb £0 .. 12 .. G 

-vr-jii- -TA ,^ ^ Wholes.ile 

ilidaiing Do 16 .. and retail 

White Do T> Cask qt abt 26ib. ... 6 .. |,'r!)wllons. 

Beer fir Barrel abt 26 Gallon.s. . . 1 .. 2 .. 

Flour ^r Ton 13 .. 10 .. 

Kum ^r Gallon 3 .. S 

Butter Tj^r Firkin t^ lb .. 8 

Cheese ^^r lb about .. 7 


Colonial. Records 

ifr. Jo Dobell to the Earl of Egmorit. 

K Pork i3 sold by the ) 

I wliule Hog for 2'» "i^i lb ^ 

^ Beof by the Bullook about — .. — .. It^ 

*. Muttou is seldom brought but when 
t 'tis its Sold for 5<l %T lb. 

"S Mellossus %■)■• Gal 2 ., 6 




Brown Bisquit 





■ " 1 

Middling,' Do . 

. 21^! 

White Do . . . . 

. 3V^ 

Beer "z* Quart. 

. 6 

Bread %> lb.. 

- 1 

Rum sir*r quar 



IGd & 

1 . 

. G 

Butter if>r lb.. 


Cheese r>^ lb.. 

8 1 

Pork -^•>r lb . . 


B<cf ^>r lb... 


Mutton 'r>r lb. 

5 i 

ifcUossus T>' C 


n. . 



3Iaderi;i Wine 



5 . 

Indn Corn "f> Bush . . 1 

Potatoes %:>>• Do 1 

Rice %> lb 

Pease ^l"" quart 

Brown Sugr such as is 

sold in Londn 3Vji 

^r lb here sold for 
Coffee, raw, has been 

Sold for Is but now 1 

Chocolate 4 

Rohea Tea 5 

Salt %>r Bushel (I 

think) 3 

I T)cseecli your Lordship to Forgive my 
Faults, and as I liave nothing so much to Heart 
as the Honour and Interest of the Honourable 
Trustees and especially your Lordships (for 
your remembrance is Awful & Dear to me even 
as an Angel of God) I do Humbly pray your 
Lordship to Forgive and correct what is amiss 
in me, who am 

My Lord! your Lordships 

& most Obliged Servant 
Jn". Dobell. 

Correspondence 463 

Wni. Stephens to Mr. Haiman Verelst. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Gcorg'ia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter from W:^r. Stephens to Mr. HARisiAN 
Verelst dated 22^. Jan^^ 1742/3 and list of 


IN THE Northern Division of the Colony of 
Georgia Betwixt X'^'mas 1741 & X'^mas 1742 

Savannah Jan^' : 22"'^ : 1742/3 


After sending away ray Paekett, wliicli was of 
tlie 14'^ Dec"" : ^ Cap" : G regory in the Susannah, 
upon revising your Letters then (as I thought) 
answered, I found yours of the 25'^ Aug' had 
some liow or other escaped my Notice ; which I 
am therefore now in the first Place to say some- 
thing to. 

Your Letter to M' Hawkins, which you were 

pleas 'd to send me Coppy of, 1 transmitted to 

him very soon after it came to my Pland : and I ■ 

cannot wonder at the Hon"''': Trustees making Enquiry 

into pro- 
Enquiry into the Proceedings of either of the ^^"'•^'^^^I'jf 

Town Courts in the Northern or Southern Parts b'jHm 

of this Province; wherehy any Infringinents touthem 

Tjcirts of 

have been made on the Liberties of the Kings province. 
Subjects ; or any Abuses in the Administration 
of Justice; since I obser\'e that in those Pro- 
ceedings before the House of Commons which 
you was so kind to send me, of the last Session 
of Parliament, there appear 'd strong Insinua- 

rJ. m:?/ 


CoLONi.\i. Records 

"U'm. Stei'hens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

of being 

As to pro- 
ceedings of 
the court of 

The mag- 
istrates at 

tions (not. to say downright Charges) from some 
of the Evidence, of Practices that AVay tending-. 
xVs I should think it my bonndeii Duty to speak 
plain, ».^' without Reserve, in all Cases wherein 
their Honours require any Information from 
me, so also it behoves nie to take Heed, how farr 
I give Credit to Reports, that may have no good 
Foundation ; & in so doing, injure a Man's Char- 
acter undeservedly. It is puhlickly known here, 
that divers who left Frederica making this their 
Way to Charles Town, in order to settle there: 
came away in ill Humour, & complain 'd of being 
hardly dealt with to such of their Acquaintance 
as they found in this Tovx^n, during their Stay; 
Two more especially, Perkins & Davison, the 
former a Magistrate, the latter a Constable, 
look'd on by most People to be industrious ^^^len, 
gave themselves much Liberty, in exclaiming 
against trie Doctors Behaviour, as well on the 
Bench as elsewhere, in the Execution of his 
Office: but having no such Talk directed to me, 1 
gave the less heed to it; imagining they might 
possibly quit their Habitations & Freeholds in a 
sower Temper, after the Example of some of 
our angry Folks here. As to the Proceedings 
of this Court of Savannah (which I have sel- 
dome failed to attend) I profess that I have 
never seen or known of any illegal, or unwar- 
rantable Proceedings from the Bench ; but witJi- 
in few Years past, I could not but observe the 
^lagistrates sometimes at Variance among 
themselves, &: perhaps shewing some indecent 
Warmth towards one another; particularly 


Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

Mess" Fallowfield fi: Jones; wliicli however 
never ended in an unjnst Determination from 
the Ben ell to the Injury of any private Person, 
or of the Pnblick. If common Fame ^vere to be 
reii:arded, perhaps the Same could not be said 
always when possibly there might be more Ap- 
pearance of an arbitrary" Disposition in a Person 
who sate first BaylilY; some of wliose Actions 
are kept yet in Memory, & seann'd by most 
People to this Day: But those Things were be- 
fore my Time; & consequently not within the 
Compass of my Observation, who would by no 
means exhibit a Charge of Misdemeanour at 
random e. 

To give my Opinion in relation to Tybee, 
which the llon^"^: Trust are pleased to expect in re\a"ion 

to Tybee. 

from me ; I must acquaint them that the Beacon 
there stands on such a ]"*oint at the Month of the 
Harbour as to make it evidently conspicuous to 
all Vessels coming from the North, the East, & 
2 or 3 Points to the Southward of the East; 
from whence to all Vessels going to or from the 
South, iK:c, it is intercepted by a small Point of 
AVood; insomuch that 1 my self can testify, in 
coming from the South on the Coast Noi-thward, 
the Beacon cannot be seen 'till we come near 
abreast of it to the East. This Wood which 
eutts oil" the Benefit of it so farr, is scarcely 
worth regarding; being to the best of my Judg- 
ment in the whole, not more than 4 Acres, con- 
sisting of poor ragged Trees on the Sea Side, of 
little Value, nor ever likely to be: insomuch that 
it would hardly deserve any Care of cutting it 

/in r/fa oT 

!i';:f-: aa ?[■ 


Colonial Records 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harmaii Verelst. 

A public 
to all 

into Vistoes, but rather to cutt the whole down 
smooth: & in Case any Timber is to be found 
among it fit for Use, it may as easily be con- 
verted to such, by Water Carriage, as at any 
other Place. This I humbly conceive would be a 
great Improvement of what their Honours 
meant should be a publick Benefit to all Naviga- 
tors : But at the same Time I must humbly sub- 
mit it to be considered, whether or not it would 
be best deferred till the AVarr is over with 
Spain; for I have lieard it affirm 'd, that many 
Enemies, of those Encmics who live to the South, are 
In the eoutb. Strangers to this Sea mark, & the Use to make 

strangers ^ J^ 

mark'^ ^^ ^^ ^^ approaching to Land. 

The Rec': of your Letters of 7"* Sep^ & 9'^ 
Ocf: ^vith the Letters & Packetts therewith sent, 
being noted in my Journal on the ir" & IS'^ 
Ins*: require no farther Answer: to which there- 
fore you'll please to be referr'd. 

I am next to lay before you a few Thoughts 
of mine, on divers Affairs which I conceive need- 
full for the Information of the hon*"'^: Trust, & 
wherein I must wish to have their Advice. 

The ship 

'Tis now a Year & some Months, since th.e 
Slii}) Casar was brought in here; the Circum- 
stances & Occasion whereof I laid before the 
Hon"'" Trustees in my Journal of the 23'^; 24'\ 
25'^ & 20^'^ Aug^ : 1741. She has lain safe at her 
Moorings ever since, but not without some Ex- 
pciice; for 'twas absolutely needfuU to hire a 
Person to attend her & live mostly on board, to 
prevent Imbezlements, ]& take Care that no 


"Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harnian Verelst. 

Damage accrued to the Ship. Nevertheless it 
cannot but be expected that the Rigging &c 
^vllicl] was mucli shatter 'd & of little AVorth 
when slie was brought in, must in so long Time 
become of farr less (I mean the Shrouds only; 
for her Topmasts were lost at Sea; w^hat An- 
chors, Cables, or other Cordage, &c, She had on 
board, v/ere all inventoried, & preserv'd as well 
as we could. After the Expiration of a full 
Year that She has so lain, I have frequently 
look'd on her with Regret; having found no 
means here to be advised what was proper to be 
done, or how to proceed with Safety in the Sale 
of her; often receiving Hints from divers to 
take Heed what I did ; some in a daring Manner, 
& some giving me friendly Caution. M-- Fal- 1%^^1'^T 
lowfield who acted as Xaval Officer whilst he omce'^^'^ 
lived here, on his going away, cpiitted all farther 
Charge of her; & no body caring to concern 
themselves about her, it fell to my Share to see 
that she did not go utterly to Ruin, as farr as I 
could prevent it. I must humbly 'oeg therefore 
such Directions as shall be thought proper, what 
Steps T am to take in Behalf of the Trust, in case 
they claim any Property (as I ax)prehend they 
have a Right to) & what Method to pursue in 
doing my Duty: ITere is no Officer yet aj^poin- 
ted by the Trust, or Conmiisioners of the Cus- 
toms, to Act in these Naval Affairs; but M' 
Christie writing me a Letter lately, in a peculiar .^ j^^^^^ ^j 
Style, after being about 3 [Nlontlis in Charles '-Jyie' "from 
Town; I have enclosed a Coppy of it: whilst I 




Colonial. Records 

%Vni. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

The silk 

Mrs. Ca- 
muse ia < 

In regard 
to teaching 
the silk 

hear lie lives there as a Clerk or Writer under 
some Person to mo unknown. 

The Season of the Year for some Months past, 
lias not called on me to write any Thing con- 
cerning the Silk Affair ; but I have not been im- 
mindfnll of doing what I thought incumbent on 
me towards promoting it; more especially by 
giving all i)0ssible Encouragement for planting 
Mulberrys ; & where ever I found a ready Dis- 
position for it, but an Inability to get 'em, I 
provided some Thousands to supply 'em with, 
which T hope T have put into such Hands as will 
make a right Use of 'em : In plain Truth it is the 
only Thing wanting to raise the Reputation of 
that Affair; provided M" Camuse acts an honest 
part, as I ho]-)e she will : She has for a while past 
beliaved wilii farr better Temper than she was 
wont; & apjiears desirous of pleasing the hon^'* 
Trustees: She is satisfied of the true Reason 
why no Answer has yet been returned to those 
Proposals sent hence in Jan'': last 1741/2; & on 
my a.ssm-ing her that I had sent a Coppy of the 
same, assoou as I knew the other was lost; She 
hoi>es 'ere long to know the Trust's Pleasure: 
'till then, She seems a little reserved as to the 
Point of teaching Ai:)prentices, (whereof she has 
yet only one) but listen 'd to me attentively, when 
I assured her of the Trusts Determination to 
make a future Provision for her & hers, in Case 
of her Inability to carry on the Work; pro^^ded 
she instructed others in Behalf of the Trust, so 
as to be cai)al)lo to supply her Place. When so 
much <h'|M-f)ds on this AVoman ^ (if I am rightly 




Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

informed) 'tis Death for any Piedmontois if ^^^^ ^^ 
taken, wlio shall divnl-e the Art in another n.uV 


Country : tis no longer strange tluit she insists 
on pretty high Terms. I could wish 'twere the 
Task of another, to tell you what the Produce of 
this ^lamifacture was the last Year, which I 
have therefore so loug postponed; but Truth 
must not be hid. xVll that we could make of it 
was hardly 8'^ of Spun Silk; for which the Pea- 
sons to be given were, partly not allo^^ng any 
Balls to be wound off but such as were truly the 
Growth of this Colony (veiy justly to be sure in 
Obedience to the Commands I receiv'd) never- 
theless, That would not have occasion 'd so 
great a Disparity from the preceeding Year, 
had not a worse Eeason happen'd as I formerly 
took notice of in my Journal of the 10-\ of May, 
which was equally complain 'd of by our Neigh- 
bours in Carolina. The Quantity of Silk 
wrought off from* a Pound of Ball which their 
Honours of the Trust required to be in- 
formed of, I formerly wrote in my Journal of 
the 26'" May 1742. 

Here^\-ith you'll receive a List of the Persons 
who make Claim for the Bounty on Corn, Pease 

-r.. ,. List of 

& Potatoes, conformable to such Directions as persons 
the Trust were pleas 'd to send me. You'll 
please to observe that therein no Notice is taken 
of the Southern Part of this Colony; whereon I 
hope no Blame will fall on me ; for Notice has 
been given of it; <fc possibly it may be judged 
more proper to send an Ace': of it directly to the 
Trust thence: or perha})S a different Reason 

claim for 

) ili H'lLhtii 

'I odv/ 


Colon LAj. Records 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Ver 

and waste 
of crops 
spoken of. 

grown to 

may be found ; namely, the Inability that such as 
planted must lie under of sending any Aeeo': at 
all, that can be well warranted, of the last Years 
Increase; when 'tis well known what a Devasta- 
tion & Waste was made on such growing Crops 
as they had, by Reason of the Warr coming 
home to tlieir Doors, & the frequent Avocations 
they had from preserving 'em; at Darieu es- 
pecially 'twas said all went to Ruin; & their 
Habitations as well as Plantations left in a 
Manner desolate for a Time, 'till they return 'd 
to see the Spoils that were made by the Beasts 
of the P^ield: wherefore 'tis to be v/ished they 
may be rewarded for their Service in such other 
bountiful! :\Ianuer as shall be thought they de- 
serve from the Publick. You'll also find no men- 
tion of Augusta; as I think it has not been cus- 
tomary; for iheiv Labour is so very little there, 
in Comparison with these lower Parts of the 
Province; 6z the Crops which they generally 
have, are so plentifull 6c extensive; that they 
want no Encouragement to cultivate Land, 
wliicii so readily produces Abundance from 
whatever Seed it receives : & 'tis not easy to con- 
ceive, w]iat a large Sum of }>roney 'twould re- 
quire to pay one Years Bounty there, at the 
same Rates as intended near the Sea Coast, or 
within 50 Miles of it. Ebenezer next we see 
grown to such ^Afaturity as to need no farther 
Leading Strings hereafter: c^-. I wish it could be 
said so of Savannah & its Xeighbourliood: 
where I humbly conceive the most usefull Boun- 
ty to bestow upon 'em hence forward, would be 

Correspondence 471 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

in finding some Expedient how to get a Number 
of labouring Hands at a moderate Exjience; & 
then 'twill ai>pear how I'arr they are in Earnest, 
who now profess a Desire of going on witli Im- 
provements: but even then, what 'twill avail 
those who nmst live by their own Labour, not 
having wherewith to purchase the Help of oth- 
ers, I cannot see, whilst the same Aversion re- 
mains with 'em of clearing Laud: those in the 
present List expecting Bounty, mark'd thus 
(V) have produced what we see by their own 
Strength witliout other Help (among whom we 
find but one Englishman) but they are mostly 
of Highgate & Hampstead, together -wdth half a 
Dozen mark'd thus (X) of the first Settlers 
about a Year since on those Lands then run out 
beyond Hampstead, who are since increased to 
near 20: Among those who stand in the fore 
Part of the List, Anthony Camuse deserves to 


be distingiiisli'd; a sober modest diligent young Sn^ufshc^d^' 
Man, who built a good Hutt on his Lott about a pfamer. 
Mile out of Town; where he got his Father & 
Mother & Family down with him during good 
Part of the Seasons when Attendance on the 
Silk Affair was not required; & with a little 
more Help, which ho paid for out of his Mothers 
Pui'se, within two Years past clear'd a })art of 
his 45 Acre Lott sufficient to produce the Crop 
last Harvest which we now see. 

'Twas my Intention to have wrote somewhat 


more particular than in my former, relating to ^eJ^stir. 
our New Surveyor and Ivegister ; but having ex- lo^is'ten"'^ 
tended this Letter alreadv to a u'rcater Length 

472 Colonial Eecords 

"Wm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

than I was aware of; I hope 'twill be of no Det- 
riment, to defer it 'till my next ; when I shall 
fully explain my self coueerniug those Afiaiis : 
in the mean while, as I am every Day now wish- 
ing for another Paekett from you I should be 
extream glad, if I may therein find those In- 
structions relating to M"" Avery, which he says 
he expects ; for indeed we are some times doubt- 
full; least we should exceed due Limits; but no 
Disagreement has happen 'd yet, nor shall if I 
can prevent it. 

The Acco': of the Produce of the Trusts 
Tho accot. Farms, I now sent, as perfect as I could get it: 

of the , . ' ^ ° 

ot^ihe^ & likewise a List of the Persons, who raised any 
£rms.^ Crops during the last Year, with the several 

Quantities, Value, &c as above Said, whereof I 
shall send Coppy in my next, pursuant to Order 
from whence the IIou^'": Trustees kind Inten- 
tions towards the Colony 'tis hoped may be ful- 
fill 'd; & those few who have sought it will reap 
the Benefit. I am 

Your most humble Servant 

Signed: Will"-: Stephens 





Mr. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

List of the Produce of Corn, Pease, and Po- 

' Corn, 

tatoes raised bv the underwritten Inhabitant'^ '"^'''"^ ^""^ 

of the Northern Division of the Colony of Geor- underwritten 
gia betwixt Christmas 1741 and Christmas 1742. 

.iiso(J bj 









At Ebenezer by the Kevd: 

Mr Bolzius's Accot: .. 





. IS 


William ;?tephena Esqre.- 
Mr. Henry Parker 





. 14 






. K 

. 6 

Mr. Samuel Marcer 


. 5 


Orphan House 





. 13 


Anthony Cimuse __ 





. 7 


Widow Harris 




. 9 


Patrick Houston ... 



. 6 

< Isaac Gibba. 







. 10>i 

»^ James Jen.sack 






V David Kendall 




, l.=i 


»'■ t^imon Roviere 


48 J-'. 



»' Michael Bourghalter 



251 3 i 


. 12 





. 2 . 

. 15 



/Ulrick John Halt2 



/Jacob Herimck 







/ Ga.$par Hcrback 




. 16. 



/ John Erinxman 





. 6 







Patrick Graham... 




9 . 


Mrs. Mathew.s 

Sum Total 




11 . 



7603 2 

2472' 2 




(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, VoL 22.) 

Letter from 2sIr. Stephens to Mr. HAR:^^AN 
Verelst Eecd 28 April 1742 

Savannah 24 Jan: 1742- 


I must beg jiardon for a long Story y' I 
wrote you lately concerning my unhappy Son 
Thoms ]\[arriage; w'^ I and his Brother who is fi;'J'^7™J"^ 
with me, were both mir^taken in; imagining from sShe^'ns'^'^^' 
some circumstances past, that it was to a Sister 
of M'. Steed a Pefinor : but bv a letter v^ he 

M /' .a f'lo-r^) 

1. 1-S ilKHilJiVfiii 

7 '-, 


Colonial Records 

Mr. Stephens to Mr. Harmiin Verelst. 

Col. Steph. 
ens insulted 
and re- 
by son. 

but abuses 
for good 
given him. 

wrote lately to his Brother here {\v^^ as I take 
it was mider your Superscription, by \v- means 
I can't imagine) we are given to understand y' 
the persons maiden Name is Simpson ; of what 
Parentage or Fortune we know not; nor does he 
in his letter take any farther notice of me, that 
to insult me with Eeproaches, for espousing the 
lionourable Trustees part against him: w^*- in 
Justice as well as Duty 1 was bound to do; nor 
is there any one of his Brothers, who has not 
condemned him for his whole proceedings; w*^ 
tho' I can never rememl)er without grief, I hope 
1 shall have no future occasion to make mention 
of to you. In this Packett you'll fmd one from 
me to my eldest Son at A]\ Souls, who has met 
with the same success as his Father, and noth- 
ing but abuses for all the good advice he gave 
him, to act in a different manner from what he 
did. Jt was this my eldest Son that I presume 
you heard was then lately gone into orders when 
you formerly wrote me; but the misinformation 
was only as to time; for he has been in Orders 7 
or 8 yeai-s. Youll be so good to forward the 
letter w'' 1 have now wrote him. 

Since my other letter of the 22^^ the 2 Petitions 
here enclosed were deliverd me W^" I have no 
spare time to say more of at present than that I 
think they are much of a price w"' those I sent 
in my former Packet of the 14 Dec. The Boat 
wherein I >end this will not stay: wherefore I 

S' ^'our oblidged and very humble Serv' 

Will : Stephens.. 


Mr. Joseph Avery to the Trustees. 

(From B. P. E. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter from .Mr. Joseph .\very to the Trus- 
tees Acco'^'^^*'^. Eecu 7 July 1743. 

Savaiinali in the Province of Georgia 

the 3P' of Jan^^ 1742/3. 


To'.vn at 
White Bluff 

in my last of the 27''' : Ober I sigiiefied that I 
was going to run out the Duch Town at White 
Bluff upon Vernon River, since that I have done 
so and have given out the Town and farm lots, Staled """^ 
and have settled the people upon their farm lots 
that so they may clear the land and plant a crop 
this Season, by which they will be supply 'd with 
l>rovision for next year, and therefore be no 
farther an expence to the Trustees and publick. 

between the Crops they will clear the ground 
build houses and make gardens &c: upon the 
Town lots there is not at present above Thir- 
ty familys, which contains about a hund': peo- 
ple Men Women and Children but there is room 
for Eighty or a hund"": Familys, the Lots in 
Town are lay'd out for that Number, and the 
land is rim out for their farm lots all of it ex- 
cellent for plantations, there is about five 
thous'': Acres of that kind besides pine barren 
for feeding there Cattle, As you will see by a 
Plan that I shall return to the Hon^"= Trustees 
very soon, which said Plan has in it several 
other lands adjoining as Con: Stephens; M' 


CoLOxi/VL Records 

Mr. Joseph Avery to the Trustees. 

Town liiid 
out ready 
to receive 
Dutch and 

The plan 
of the 
Town of 

Mercer, M' AVhitlields, Burgholders a Switz, the 
Town of Acton inhabit by S^Yitz and Genuans, 
M"": Bradleys M/: lloustons c^^': as they are upon 
or near Vernon Kiver, so that whensoever the 
Ilon^'-. Trnstees ])lease to send over a Ship with 
Dudi (or German) family s tl}ere is a Town and 
]and hiy'd out reay to receive them, with some 
of their Own t'ountry people at it, who will In- 
struct and supply them with what they are Able, 
for they are Undoubtedly very kind to one an- 
other, but not mueli so to Strangers, It has 
been to great a fatigue to me to Run out so 
much Land in so little time but, their Avas a Nec- 
essity for it they l)eing to go upon it at Christ- 
mass, And that being the Season for clearing- 
land, that so they jnight plant it in time, other- 
ways they wou'd have no Crop this Summer. 
vrhich wou'd be a great loss if neglected. Tlio 
Plan of the Town of Vernonbargh and the laud 
about it, is the form and manner 1 desigTi to 
make Use of for all the other different parts of 
the Colony, one of them to be kept here at my 
Office for all ))ersons Information, and the 
Other return to the Ilon'"'^. Trustees, with Notes 
and Observations, and all the Land run out, set 
off ui)on it, within that bounds, 

All persons to whom land is Granted will have 
perticular Plans (or plots) of their own Ground, 
which said plans will be annex 'd to their Grants 
for to set forth their Rights, 

The whole when done (or what is done year- 
ly) will be Abridged into one Plan and returnd 


An account 

Mr. Joseph Aver>' to the Trustees. 

to the Hou^'^: Trustees and these being General 
anotlier will be kept here for the (Information 
and) Use of the Colony, 

In my last to the Trustees I gave them an Ac- 
count of the missarable State of this place, Oc- oV'th^ 

• 1 T T 1 miserable 

cationed by the gomg awav, sickness, and death conditions 
of the people, So that this Town and part of the co'o">'- 
Country about it is allmost deserted, Unless it 
be by the Dueli, Saltzburgliers, some Switz and 
French and a few Britainers, there will be little 
or no clearing or })lanting land this Year, unless 
it be what is done by the Duch and Saltzburgli- 
ers, Nor can their be any quantity done as 
there is no hands to do it with, black Servants 
not being allow 'd, and white Servants not to be 
got at any Eate, their being very few in this 
part of tl'.e Colony worth hireiug, those of them 
that are the lowest prices for AVages is from 
Eighteen to Twenty four Ster: yearly besides 
Victuals, this is so Intollerable an Expence that 
the people are not able to support it if they was 
willing, Therefore if to each 500 Acres Lots if a 
few Negroes was allow'd, if it was but two to 
the like Number of White Servants and so in 
proportion, then something might and won VI be 
done to keep up the Colony till peace is con- 
cluded ^dth Spain, so as to Increase them to the 
proposd Number, But without it I cannot see a discussion 


that any thing can be done so as to keep it up servants. 
from going back and comeing to nothing, there- 
fore it cannot be Expected whilst these re- 
straints remain that any manufactures alltho of 
ever so much to Advantage can be set up or 

478 CoLONL\L Records 

Mr. Joseph Avery to the Trustees. 

carried on to any purpose, yet tryals may be 
made to know how they will Answer. But if the 
Trustees will not as yet allow of Negro Ser- 
vants, but will send over ^Vhite Servants, tis 
necessary that they allow them no Advance 
Money as they did the Switzers that came in 
Wadham last year but order them support 
^lonthly only as they go on with their Improve- 
ments, for if they do, when they come to this 
Town they are shure to be corrupted, And in- 
steed of going upon land directly and makeing 
plantations, they stay in it till they have spent 
all their :Money and have none left to support 
tliem 'till their Crop comes if they endeavour to 
make one, this prevents them from being Usefull 
to the Colony by Improvements the sole inten- 
tions of their comeing, and keeps them in to^vn 
where they learn Idle habits, and Contract 
Vicious customes, which will render them unfit 
to carry on and live upon Plantations this may 
make a Garrison and be Expensive to the pub- 
lick, but never can carry on TJsefuU Manufac- 
turs, nor dose it at present produce the neces- 
sary provisions for the Inhabitants, therefore 
when the publick Supplys are withdrawn, or 
shoud tiioy be stop'd it must sink and come to 
nothing according to its present Constitution 
this is no snuill trouble to me to see and that it 
is not in my i)0wer to help it, for I am sattisfied 
was the Hon*"^: Trustees here, and did they 
really see and know it as I do, the goodness of 
their Intentions is such that it woud redely put 
them upon such methods, so as to make it Use- 


Mr. Joseph Avery to the Trustees. 

full insteed of a burden to the Publiek, And 

„ ^ • J T i J ii Trustees 

tliei-efore I pfesume ouce a^-am to lutreat those prevailed 

^ upon to 

worthey Gentlemen to weigh and Consider those ^'^"^;^'- 
papers that I left with them when I came from !f/,^ ^\'.g,y 
England for I am conviuc'd from the present 
State of the Colony, that some such method as is 
their proposd must be Establislied before it can 
florish and be successful!, for as I have no 
other View but the good and happiness of man- 
kind, which is the wish and desire of all good 
men, so I am fully perswaided that those Gentle- 
men woud think of it with the greatest pleasure 
to be the happy Instruments of Accomplishing 
so good and laudable a design, Therefore as a 
person Intrusted by them that knows the State 
of the Colony I think it my duty rightly to in- 
form them, not doubting but they will think 
favourablely of the freedom I have taken as it 
proceeds from no other Intention but Zeal for 
promoting its good and well being, and the satis- 
faction of those Hon'''" : Gentlemen, who I know 
has it so much at heart, that they wou'd be 
pleas 'd to see it in that Situation. 

If they shoud think proi)er to allow a few 
Negroes, yet it will be necessary that some v/hite 
people be sent to make a due ballance. But 
much money need not be spent that way, nor will t*-^'" 
it need any when peace is made wdth Spain or 
Augusteen redust, because every one that is 
here who's hearts are tix'd upon the good of the 
Colony, wou'd be glad to pay for their bringing 

ance of 

ui\ n 


Colonial Recoeds 

Mr. Joseph Avery to the Trustees. 

If negroes 
are allowed 
a number 
of substan- 
tial adven- 
turers will 
take up 
land in 
the Colony. 

Mr. Doble 
unfit for 
task as 

None more 
fit for the 
place of 
than Mr. 

AVIk'U the Ximiber of Negroes are allow 'd that 
was c'on.^erted before .1 left London tlien their 
will eonie into the Colony (as I have full Infor- 
7nation) a great Xinnber of Substantial Adven- 
turers who when they take up Land and bring 
in Negroes will also be at the Expenee of bring- 
ing AVliite Servants with them according to the 
fixd Number, this will save the Trustees that 
charge and trouble, And yet the Colony will be 
sufficiently stockd, and thereby will be made 
strong and beuificial to the Publick 

I saw a Letter from you to W: Doble about 
keeping the Eegester. xVnd I must say that tis 
ray Opinion tliat he is very unfit for that task, 
as he is lutirely Unacquainted with the law and 
Matliematieks, both of which the person that is 
Eegester ought to know soinetliing of, l)esides he 
must be of a Sound and Solid L'nderstauding 
and of a teachable temper, that if he is not Urs'd 
[sic] in the I\Iathematical part he may be In- 
structed in it, he wou'd likewise require so much 
knowlodge of the Law, as to knov, .low to form 
it in i)roper and suteable termes, that so it nuiy 
]->rev('nt aiiy disputes hereafter. But as it is not 
a suflicient Sallary to support a Man if he has 
nothing Llse, so it may be given to one that has 
another Employment and at present I know of 
none so fit for it in this place as M^: Charles 
AVatson one of the present Bailies [sic] who ap- 
pears to me to be a IMan of good Understanding, 
and sincerely attach 'd to the Interest of the 
Colony whensoever I have redust things into 
order lit ior regestering, then I shall assist the 


Mr. Joseph -Avery to the Trustees 

RGgt'ster in doing- it as far as is in my ])ower to 
couipleat the whole for the Colony. 

But as the i')ubliek plans of the Colony, and all 
the privat plans of Land run out as granted, 
with the "Warrants and Grants for nining them 
will be lodg'd in mv Office, so if one of those rcswAces 

* ' ' of the 

parts of the Town that are Eeserv'd for publick |^7''-'°" 
uses was appointed for the Surveyors office '^■■^^t^'"^- 
and place of Eesidence, And the Eegesters office 
was Adjoind, it wou'd be very convenient for 
consulting and settling the Eegester This would 
be satisfactory to the people to whom land is 
Oranted, and According to the Ilon"^ : Trustees 
directions about it, therefore please to let me 
know whither any of those places so Eeserv'd 
may be applied that way and what is the Trus- 
tees directions about it, 

when I wanted a boat to carry on the publick 
service of the Colony as their was none to spare, 'cJn^ln° 
1 was oblidg'd to build one with tlie approbation service. 
of the President and assistant, but the difficulty 
of giting hands to go in her without P^xtraordi- 
nary Ex})ence (tlie General given suf^h higli 
Eates fo]" men) was ]U"etty much but all tho I 
grudg'd it (very much), yet the thoughts of Nig- 
licting the publick Service and the bad consi- 
quences that woud attend it sunnounted those 
diiTicultys nnd Oblidg'd me to git them but when 
you writ to supply me with boats for the publick 
Service you shoud have Xamed men to them be- 
cause some Objections has been made that way 
but not so as to hinder the same; nor I hope 
will it when 1 have an Occation for any that way. 

4:82 Colonial Eecords 

Mr. Joseph Aveiy to the Trustees. 

As many things iu this Colonv suffers for 

The Colony i_ <• -r • 

wa'S^'of^'ki ^^' ^ '' narrow Inspection, and frauds are 
.spection. commited, some of which lias been lately dis- 
cover 'd and puunish'd publicldy, So their are 
many more that wants to be Enquired into and 
reformd, but as it is not done tis a loss to the 
Trustees and Publick, nor can it bo otherways 
as no person is appointed to that oft'icc, who 
business it would be to go amongst them, Veiw 
and narrowly Inspect them at all times to see 
and report what they do, but as that is not done 
every one believes for that Eeason that they are 
not Accoimtable to any body and therefore as 
they are more or less honnest they Act accord- 

this shows the necessity of my Commission 
commisFiou comeiug ovcr as Inspector, because it will not 

as inspector ^ ^ ' 

necessary. Q^ly bc of Uso to examine all Improvements 
made in order to report them to the Trustees 
and Insert them in my Journals, but it will also 
prevent frauds and be an Aweband upon them 
for the future. And as my Surveying Oblidges 
mo to tiavell much, and to be perticularly ac- 
quainted with the Colony so my Inspection will 
be the easier and therefore it will be much to 
the ])urpose of preventing frauds and Misman- 
agements for the time to come, but this I cannot 
take upon me to do alltlio it woud serve the 
Colony nor can I prudently meddle in it 'till my 
Commission comes over which I hope will be 
soon, I am with Esteem 

S*": Your most humble Servant 
Joseph Avery. 


Inhabitants of Vernonbuiph to the Tiustees. 

To Harman Verelst Eq' : accoimtant to the 
Hon'"'*: Trustees for Establishing the Colony of 
Georgia to be conmmnieated to them 

The plan 
of Vcrnon- 

An indigo 

P. S. as soon as the Plan of Vernonbnrgh is 
finnislid I shall sent it home to the Trustees and 
witli it writ a long Account of my proceedings 
and other Matters, And perticular of an Indigo 
work set up in Carolina by a Gentleman from up"^!!!^^* 
the AVest Indias of which I sliall fully inform 
myself by that time 

I have your Birds but know not how to send 
them as MMinnen did not call here 

(From B. P. E. 0,. B. of T, Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Lettek from the Inhabitants of Vernonbuegh 
TO THE Trustees 

Savannah the C'\ Februa'' 174: 


May it please your Honours 

We whose Names are hereunto subscribed, in 
the behalf of our Selves and the rest of the In- 
habitants of Vernonburgh and the Villages ad- 
jacent, wherein by Divine Providence and 

XI -r» 1 - c At a Rreat 

the Paternal Care of vour Honours we are, we "^*^« f-^r 
Hope, Happily Settled; Finding our selves at a 
great Loss for want of a Minister to carry on 

want of a 

M :l Jl iXunH) 


484 CoLONiAi. Records 

Inhabitants of Vernonburgh to the Trustees. 

the AVorsliip of God, and to Instruct us in our 
Duty towards Man, tliat so we may become Use- 
ful to the Colony and receive on our Endeavours 
the Blessing of God; do Humbly Request your 
Honours to give us a Pastor, a Man fearing God 
and hating Coveteousness; One that is well 
caivinisucai Grouiidcd & Settled in the Calvinistical prin- 
of"?eHgion. ciplos of Religiou those being them we were 
brought up in, and which we stedfastly Adhere 

And whereas the Rev'* John Joachim Zubli 
fo/Revd. of S^ Gall in Svritzerland — (Son of David 


Joachim Zubll of Purrisburgh in Carolina) is well known 

Zubll of o / 

m^niSer oT to uianv of US to bo a tnily Pious and Pn^dent, a 
burgh. Learned and a Conscientious Man, Orthodox in 

our Religion and very desirous of coming 
anioim^t us; AVe therefore Humbly pray your 
Honours to Indulge us in this, even to Appoint 
him tlie said Rev**. John Joachim Zubli of, and 
now residing at S' Gall in Switzerland to be our 
Pastor, and to send him to us — The granting 
this Iicqucst will Sweeten all our Comforts, 

W'o daily jKirtake of your Honours Favour, 
and Enjoy great Blessings from the English 
nation, wliicli teacheth us that your Honours are 
Tendei- of our AVelfare have the Good of the 
Coh:)ny to heart. From a due Sense of this, our 
Hearts are tilled with Thankfulness, which we 
shall endeavour to shew forth by our Dilligence, 
Love and Dutiful Obedience; being resolved to 


Gen. Oglethorpe to the Trustees' Accotant. 

maintain your Honours Interest by Unanimous- 
ly standing up in the Defence of our Country &C 
Michel Burckhalter 
John Berliofter 
Jolm Altlier 

Earl John Frederic Kieffer 
Theobald Kieffer 
Christian Stonhebel 
Michel Swizer 
John Georo-e Usland 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter feom Betg^. Gexl. Oglethorpe to the 
Trustees acco'^^^^"^. Recd 24: April 1743 

Frederica 12^^ Feb^^ 1742 


I received Yours from M^ Martin of the 10''' 
of August to be sure it was very right that a 
Hearing should be had relating to Stephens but 
I think it wa-i unfortunate that that hearing ^^^^'^'^"^• 
should be at a time when the necessary defence 
of the Colony obliged every Man of Worth to be 
here present and as there was none in England 
the Folly as well as iniprobability and falsehood 
of his Assertions could not a]U)ear. A mistake improbabii- 

^ ^ ity .in.i 

both in the Charge and defence run thro' the faist-hood of 

~ assertions. 

whole It was Villiany in him and it was natural 
for our Council to be incited bv making a de- 

A hearin,^ 
relating to 


Colonial Iiecords 

Gen. Oglethorpe to the Trustees' Accotant. 

spoken of 
as being 
of Georgia. 

except at 


and in- 

fence against Lis Charge. This mistake is 
speaking- of Savannah as if it ^vas the whole 
Province' of Georgia whereas the District of 
Savannah is but a small portion of it— The 
Province extends beyond the Missisippi west- 
ward & beyond Frederica Soutliward and tlie 
Trustees Orders are obeyed in every part of it 
except at Savannah. 

It was not till after the War obliged me to be 
upon the Frontier that the Laws for the welfare 
of the Colony and the Trustees Ord'\ were dis- 
obeyed at Savannah. There has been since mv 



in America 
owing to 

A comjari- 
son in 
to rum. 


coming away nothing but continual Co] 
between the Magistrates and Inhabitants and 
between each other. Those disputes have been 
artfully kept up by the Spanish Emissarys of 
whom it seems too apparent young Stephens is 
one. It was near as good to tliein to draw off a 
2^Ian from this Colony as to get one to Aug-us- 
tine Since this Spirit has been stirring the Town 
& District of Savannah has decreased daily in 
Men. I find they say at the Barr they drank 
Kum jniiaickly, I beleive it may at Savannah 
have been drank plentifully by the great Sick- 
ness and :\rortalit^' the]-e but here there has been 
no such thing and the People have been healthy. 

The :\lorta]lty in America is chiefly owing to 
distilled liquors the mixing with AVater makes 
them less hurtful but is very far from making 
them wholesome. 

At S'. Andrews where no distilled Liquors 
were drank they lost out of two Companys of 


Gen. Oglethorpe to the Trustees' Accotant. 

100 Men each but tliroe and at Port Royal where 
EuDi was drank we lost out of one Company be- 
tween 40 c^^ 50 in one Year and ] can assure you 
if Rum is allowed in any sliape here the Soldiers 
will be unfit for Action and the Inhabitants for 
labour & sicknesses will be as fatal as at Ja- 
maica which will then be imputed to the 

As for the Magistrates being unable to en- 
force the Laws it is the fault of such Magis- 
trates I am sure here the Laws are strictly put 

Beer and 

wine more 


m execution. Besides the Health of the People thnn dis 
the consumption of Beer and "Wine is greatly lifiuors. 
more beneficial to Trade than distilled Liquors 
they imploy more Shipping Beer is the manu- 
facture of Britain imploys many hands who pay 
Rents and Taxes. Wine comes from Madeira 
and is paid for by English Goods and this im- 
ploys the poor English Manufacturer and the 
importing of Molosses which is the material for 
small Beer here is much more beneficial to the 
Sugar Colonies than the importing of Rum 
since Rum is a Comodity that will sell any 
where as well as in this Colony but Molosses is 
a Drug of but litle Vent elsewhere. 

I am of Opinion that this is the Crisis and 
upon the measures taken depends the Fate not 
only of this Colony but in a great measure of ^''^^ri^fs'!"'^*"^ 
North America also the Importance is now 
proved by the great Armament of the Spaniards 
disappointed by the resistance they met with 
here. It is impossible to advise what should be 
done at the distance between this and Europe 

the Colony 

'>({ uiil <:yoiq 


Colonial Records 

Gen. Oglethorpe to tlie Trustees' Accotant. 

Only in- 
stances to 
prove a 

issue now 
to defend 
the pro\'ince. 

to support 
and the 
rearing of 

before one Ccin send over a proposal have it de- 
bated and receive an answer the executing of 
it becomes out of Season. Two Battallions and 
a small Squadron with M'. Vernon would at first 
have taken Carthagena— 4000 Men after tliey 
were prepared could not do it 

The litle Strength I had if they would have 
joined me in March woud have reduced Augus- 
tine but tliey would not come up from Carolina 
till ^lay and in that Space the half Galleys were 
arrived & other preparations made which ren- 
dered the Enterprizo impracticable. The same 
is in civil as in Tuilitary Affairs th.o encourage- 
ment of Cultivation by Premium if promised 
after ]>] anting time is useless. A number of 
Magistrates necessary among 4 or 5000 people 
are a Nusance if reduced to 100. 

These are only instances to prove a general 
proposition the important point now is to de- 
fend the Province against a numerous Enemy 
or else all Cultivation must cease or whicli is 
worse be beneficial to an Enemy. If the Gov- 
ernnK-iit tliinks proper to have the Colony vig- 
orously defended I could with great Ease have 
all the iiJi])rovemeuts carried on. 

The first Measures for us as Trustees to take 
is after sujiporting Peligion to encourage ^hw- 
riage an<l tlie rearing up of Children. 

Here are a great number of married people 
and yet tliere is now in this place only above 
700 ^[en more than there are AVomen most of 
these would marry if they co'\ get "Wives. The 


Gen. Oglethorpe to the Trustees' Accotant. 

seuding over Single Weomen without Familys 


that could protect them might he attended \v'^. more'^men 
Indecencvs hut the giving Passage to the AVives in'^the^'""^^" 

o- * 1 -, " Colony. 

Sisters and daughters of Recruits and a small 
maintenajice till they go on board would he a 
remedy to this and much the cheapest way of -^ remedy. 
peopling the Country since after their arrival 
they are no further Expence for their Husbands 
can maintain them. 

. We have found also that the married soldiers 

r, 1 1 . Married 

live easiest many of them having turned out f^wiers 

•^ '^ live easiest. 

very industrious Planters. The next thing is 
protecting the ^Magistrates in the Execution of 

Next step, 

the Laws and at the same time protecting the r^^i-^tini^ to 

i ~ magiiitrates. 

People from their insolence litigiousness «S:' Ex- 
tortion in the shape of Fees. Next in persever- 
ing and encouraging the Europe kind of Agri- 
culture as Vines Silk Olives &c all which by Ex- 
perience we know thrive in the Country. Ac- 
cidents and the "War has prevented a large in- 
crease of them but the keeping out of slaves & 
peopling the Country T\'ith labouring hands 
from Europe perticularly from Germany The keeping 
(which is the consequence thereof) will soon ^'=^yfifn''^"J^ 
make "Wine and Silk tlie staple Comodity of this iSBS/"'^ 
Country since most foreign Protestants are ac- Europe, 
customed to either the one or the other produce 
but it is needless to talk of these things if the 
Countrv is exposed to the Enemy. The suffer- sufterinErs 

,* , "^ of people 

mgs of tlie People here have been very great by I'^Pi^f^^'"''^^ 
the late Invasion and it is natural to beleive that ^''^^=^'<^"- 
People will not carry on Cultivation in so ex- 
posed a Scituation. 


Colonial Eecords 

Gen. Oglethorpe to the Trustees' Accotant. 

Servants to 
very nee 

The Pala- 
tines found 
the best. 

I think it would not only be a very just 6c 
charitable but also a highly comcndable step in 
the Trust to become their Advocates in of v/hom 
ha\'e lost their All by the Enemy & most of 
wliom voluntarily destroyed their whole for 
fear it sho'^. be beneficial to the Enemy, 

I already grow tedious shall therefore refer 
you to Cap\ Dunbar for a full account of all 
things here. 

As I hope we shall succeed in our application 
& have such Assistance as will put this place in a 
posture of defending itself it will then be abso- 
lutely necessary that Vessells sho". be encourag- 
ed to come over with Passengers as Servants to 
Fi'ederica. -^ 

Labouring hands are much wanting and there 
are many who are able and willing to pay their 
Passage for tliem. 

The Palatines have hitherto been found the 
best. I am 


Your most Obed'. humble Serv^ 

James Oglethorj^e, 


Thomas Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst 

(From B. P. K. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter from Thomas Jones to the Trustees 
Acco'^-^^"^. Mr. Harman Verelst. Recd 26, 
April 1743 

Frederica 2V\ Febry. 17-12/3 


in exam- 
ining the 
books ot 

I came to Frederica Soon after Xtmas last 
aud Lave (^ the Generals Direction) been em- 
ployd in examining the Books of Accompt 
(Y.iiich have not been posted^ nor digested nnder 
proper Heads of Accompt for three Years last 
past. Yet I find regular Entries of Issues, Re- 
ceipts and other Transactions made in Fair 
Day Books, which (So far as I have been able to 
examine and compare w'^. Vouchers) appear to 
be very just ; As is also the Cash xVcco'" : Copies 
of all which are preparing in Order to be Sent 
by me to England for Your Persual That, by 
Your Direction (5c advice, a regTilar Acco* may 
be Stated therafrom, which (cannot be done 
here — It is to be hoped, a Fit Person may be 
found, willing to com.e to Georgia who (for the 

^ accounts 

Time to come) will keep the Acco*^ in Such '^^J'^'^ ^'^^• 
^[ethod and Order, That Extracts thereof -with 
Vouchers may be always in readiness to be 
transmitted to England, when required, or 

Capt"". Dunbar has taken with him, A Brief 
Abstract, containing the Chief Articles of the 
Annual Exponce, His Excell'^ The General 

A f.t person 


Colonial Recoeds 

Thomas Jones to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

A brief 
abstract con. 
chief arti- 
cles of tile 

hath liitherto defrayd for his Ma'-" Service in 
the Dr'i'ouv'e and Support, of the Colony — This 
Acco^ of Expence is taken from the Mnster 
Rolls, Payments made, and other Vouchers for 
Eacli particular Service, for One Year, comenc- 
ing- Xovem^^ y" 1''. 1741 Tho No certain Esti- 
mate can he foi'med thereby, Yet this may give 
You Some Idea of the Nature of those Expen- 
ces, at present absolutely necessary to be pro- 
vided for 

The vigor- 
ous attempt 
of the 
enemy to 
invade the 

buined to 
from lallinj 
into hands 
of enemy. 

A list of 
all drafts 
on the 

The late Vigorous Attempt of the Enemy to 
invade tlie Colony, And the preparations w- 
are chiily carried on by the Generals Order and 
Direction, for its Security against any future, 
the like attempts, has greatly enhanced this 
Year's Expence, — Tho' the Losses & Damages 
(to a laigL' Amount) Sustained in & during the 
Invasion of the S]ianiards, are not included 
Such as— The Large Quantity of Provisions 
and other Stores, which (with the Store Houses 
at Gascoign's) were burnt to prevent their fall- 
ing into y Enemy's hands As were also sun- 
dry ] Provisions Sze. on board Several Sloops 
from Xcv.- York then in tlie Piiver and those 
Slooi's Slink — 'Jlie Loss of Boats and other 
Vessels— Many Horses on Cumberland (espec- 
ially) killd by the Enemy &c. 

You will receive, a List of all the Generals 
Dra'' on you for his ]\La'-'" Service, many of 
which may not have Yet been presented to You 
for your Accej^tanee — It cannot be Supposed 
That the Amount of these di'auahts do answer 


Gen. Oglethorpe to Mr. llannan Verolst. 

All the Debts iiicuri-'d or Dislmrsem*' made by 
his Excelleiice the Geiieral on that A ceo'.. Sev- 
eral have not brought in their Demands for 
Services done, or for Stores delivered — It is 
also to be reniemhred ; That many otlier former 
Drats on yon On the Generals own a ceo*, were 
for the King's Service, As particularly those 
in 1739-40, payable to me to the Am° of near £. 
1000, were applyd towards defraying the 
■ Charge of Indians & others going to War with 
y^ Spaniards at Angnstine, Which Expence 
Carolina had engaged to defray, but neglected — 
The Vouchers for those paym'"" are in my hands, 
ready to be produced. 

I need not add — Hoping 'ere long to have an 
oportunity of Seoing You, — I remain 

Yo very humble Serv- 

Tho Jones. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter from Bridgr GexK Ogletiioree to the 
Trustees Accotaxt Mr. IlARi^rAX Verelst at 
THE Georgia Oifice. London Eecd 27 April 

Frederica. 22\ Feb--^ 1742. 


I desire You would recomend to the Trustees 
Thomas Snmner who has behaved verv well 



Colonial Records 

Mr. Tlios. Jones to the Trustees' Accotant. 

and the 

Light houst 
best build- 
ing of its 
kind in 

here who goes over witli an Intention to come 
l)ack. If lie co^ biiiig over Serv'^ a.s lie intends 
I boleive lie might bring a Valnable brancli of 
the Timber Trade here I therefore slio^ "Wish 
the Trustees wo^ give him Passage for some 
Serv'". ill case they send over any Vessells 
^vhicli wo'', be much better for the people than 
sending them free since they wo"*, have no House 
to cover them or x^son to take care of them 
whereas he has both. 

It wa.s he whom I sent to build the Light 
House w''\ lie executed in 10 Months & is by 
mucii tlie l) Building of that kind in America. 

I sliall say no more on this occasion but am 
Y'. very humble Sen''. 

J Oglethorpe 

(From B. P. P. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol 22.) 

Lettkr fkom Mk. Thos. Jones to the Trustees 
AccoTAXT 23 Feb^y 1742 Pecd 26 April 174:1 


Having determined to return to England this 
Spring (God willing) I designed to have for- 
born troubling You with any Letters of mine, 
untill 1 had the pleasure of Seeing you in Lon- 

Yel considering the Uncertainty of Life, and 
the Hazards w'*^ mav attend a Voyage from 

Correspondence 495 

Mr. Thos. Jones to the Trustees* Accotant. 

America to England, in this Time of Warr, I 
embrace this Oportunity, j^ Cap'" Dunbar, of 
acknowledging- The Favor done me by the Hon'''^ 
^The Trustees ; In discharging me from, a Trust, 
which I could no longer have executed, with any 
Satisfaction to my Self, or done any real Service 
to their Honours, by any weak Endeavors, in 
0]) posing The Stephanian, or, rather, Spanish anian or ' ' 

^ Spanish 

Scheme, of New- modelling this Colonv; now scheme 

~ »' ' ot new- 

vigorously espoused, and carried on (Under "he^ 001^1-. 
l)retext of Authority from the Trust) by the 
President Sz^ assistants in the Northern part, 
Their Attempts of introducing their Scheme 
into the Southern Division have hitherto prov'd 

I have reason to Suspect That my Letters to 
you, which I Sent from Savannah, have been 
Stop'd, ever Since Agent Stephens his Scheme 
has been Aprov'd of; The Preliminary Article 
whereof is reported to be; That The Trustees 
were to be prevaild with Not to Place any Con- 
fidence in me, And to put it out of my power to 
obstruct the concerted measures to be taken for 
carrying on tbeir Design — I have therefore 
Sent herewith Copys of Three Letters I had 
directed to you from Savannah: Tfiat of 2o^ 
Octol/. 1741— I shew'd unto Col". Stephens, 
and then Sealing it, left with him in Order to 
have it sent with his packet w'" he had ready to 
Send to Cliarles Town for the Trust ; The other 
two Letters I Sent ^^^ M^ Stephen Badon y« 9'" 
July last to Charles Town, and therewith Copys 
of Two Letters from his Excellince, The Gen- 

Mr. Jone.s's 





Mr. Thos. Jones to the Trustees' Accotant. 

An account 
of the 

Col. Steph. 
ens refused 
to let 
Mr. Jones 
send im- 
letter to 

Mr. Bedon's 
requesi to 
Col. Steph- 
ens for 
a pilot 

oral, of the 29^" June and July y^ 2^ giving an 
Acco' of y^ Spanish Invasion and the Danger he 
had esca})od in Cnmberland Sound when at- 
tack 'd by their G allies — Letters, (^\-'^ 
brot Us the first Acco' of the Enemy's landing in 
Georgia), The General Sent Express by Land 
to Savannah, and Ordered me forth with to 
transmit Copys thereof to you (via Charles 
Town) 1 procured John Vrright who undertook 
to ride to Charles Town in Two days, w^"". the 
Letters, but Col" Stephens refused to allow me 
the Liberty of sending liim or any other person 
thither from Savannah, I urged the ill Conse- 
quence that might attend the Delay of sending 
An A ceo' of the Invasion, and the danger the 
Colony was in ; And told him That I would pay 
the Z^Iesseuger, Yet could not prevail The next 
day being y'' (3""' July M'. Dedon arrivd from 
Frederica (in a Small Canoe) on his way to 
Charles Town, with Letters from the General 
And a S]x^nish ])risouer ; who gave us An Acco'- 
of the Si)anish Fleet, their coming to Anchor in 
JekyI Sound, W Bedon applyd to Coh^ Stei)h- 
ens for Qjie that could pilot him to Charles 
To\vn, (tlie ^len he had to rowe his Boat being 
Strangers, c^' unacquainted with the Passage. 
The Col" said That he knew of none, but if he 
found a Person, that would be willing to go, he 
was Wellcome to employ him. M"" Bedon agreed 
with one Edw*^ Townsend to pilot him, but Col- 
on" Stejihens refused to grant him leave to go — 
]\['. Boden tarried three days at Savannah, at 
length advt-ntured without a Pilot: 

Correspondence 497 

Mr. Thos. Jones to the Trustees' Accotant. 

The Measures taken at Savaimali during the 
Stay of the Spaniards in Georg-ia, (which have mc'L u.'fen 

.^ 1 -tT '''^ .Savannah 

not time no^Y to mention) have aifoi'ded Keasons ;:^g."^/^J^g 
to conjecture — That the Spaniards would not ni'Georgra. 
have been unwelcome Guests, (had they tarried 
longer), to our Chiefs at Savannah. 

General Oglethorpe willing mo to assist in 
Stateing his Acco'"" with the Governm' and also 
with the Trustees; which Service I was very 
ready and desirous to engage in (some Diffi- 
culties which had formerly retarded that Design 
being now removed.) I have gone several 
Times to Frederica (this last Year) for that f/y^omfiv. 
purpose, But have been so harassed ever Since jCmo at ^ '*^' 

. . Savannah 

by reiterated contrivances oi the Junto at to destroy 

'' under 

Savannah, whose Endeavours to destroy me, of^i^w"^"" 

of law. 

under y^ Color of Law, proving unsuccessfull : 
They have by the most daring Falshoods calum- 
niated me, And by open Violence have taken 
away and deprived me of my Property and Ef- 
fects in the Colony — The latter, (after some 
struggles to 2^reser\'e,) I have been obliged to 
Submit to, being denied an .\])}ieal to their 
Court, or any other legal Eemedy. 

I gave you an Aceo' of the Secret Adjourum^ 
of y* Court from the 3''. to 17'\ ^lay, whereupon 
I went to Frederica, and returned again to Sa- 
vannah on the 16'^ May, in Company w'". Liou^ 
Hugh Mackay & Ensign "Wemyss, yv'^ 4 Private 
men of the Eangers, (wlio were ordered by the 
General on a Comand to Port Royal) Next 
Moniing, The Court being opend. Col" Stephens 
>P AVatson & Self liaving taken the Oaths .^c 

An accc 


of tlic 

secret n 




><{ the 


,^}![T b^rinhx 

498 CoLONL\x, Records 

Mr. Thos. Jones to the Trustees' Accotant. 

The Grand Jury were sworD— M^ Watson was 
desired to give y° Cliarge to the Jury; w'^^ he 
did, by telling them, He did not Doubt but that 
they knew their Duty in General, Yet he must 
recomend to their Consideration One x\ffair— 
Which was. That a party of Soldiers were brot 
into this Town the last Night. And that Two of 
them had quarrel! 'd and would have fought had 
they not been prevented by their Officer. 

The Indictm' ag' me for Felony being (nt my 
ment'ag^'inst dcsirc) read was judged insuffient, and was 
?Jr/eiony. Quashd by the Court— Then, W Mercer, (One 
of y* Presidents' x\ssistants, xVnd Foreraan of 
the Juiy) moved, That M^ Bailiff Parker should 
be sworn, that he miglit be examined by the Jury 
touching that Matter for v/hich they had Indic- 
ted me in January last, Which Indictm'. being 
found faulty, and now disallowed by the Court ; 
The Jury purposed to prefer Another Bill of In- 
dictm' against me for that Fact— M^ Parker 
Said, The President had laid that Affair before 
The Trustees, He would not further concern 
himself therein— The Jury withdrew, and the 
Day after presented to the Court their Kemou- 
i'hTo'rand''^ straHcc, As also a Preseutm' against me, And 
the^court. One other ag^ Patric Graham (Copies of all w'^ 
you'll receive herewith) 

In January 1741. M^ Xewdegate Ste])hen3 
arrivd at Charles T". where having been enter- 
taind for some Time by M^ Henry Beaton At 
his House there, ^P Beaton provided a Boat and 
Hands at his Own Expenee, and accompanied 
:^P. Stei>hens to Savannah. Col" Stephenv (as 

strance and 
-escnted by 

Correspondence 490 

Mr. Thos. Jones to the Trustees' Accotant. 

lie dedarod to Several) olTered to pay the Ex- 
pence, l)iit M' Beaton refused taking any Eeeom- desire^^"" ^ 
pence for y'' Charge and Trouble he had been at, ff"- services 

■I * ~ rendered 




lie only desired the Colonells Assistance to pro- 
cure the Payment of a Debt due to him from One 
Kob^ Vaughan a Trader living at Augusta in 
this Colony — John AVright was dispatchd with 
a Warr^ of Attachm' to Augusta, who bro't 
Vaughan in Custody to Savannah and was Co- 
mitted there to CToal, where he remained a Pris- 
oner untill this Court. 

Before AYe came into Court, I told Col" Steph- 
ens & y^ Bayliffs That I Imd never before heard, 
Any Person had been imi:)risoned, much less, 
remaind so long confined upon an Action for ^^ ,ri -onci 
Debt in this Colony— That I much doubted, 'E'^S' ' 
whether this Court had Authority to determine coior.y. 
or try tliis Case — It being an Action for Debt 
neither contracted or Arising, in Georgia, nor 
between persons inhabiting therein;— That I 
had not Seen any Instnictions given by the 
Hon*"'* Trustees for our Guidance in Such Cases, 
but I founded these my Sentiments upon a 
Clause in the Ciiarter, (w'*" I shewed them) — 
That this Court were of the Same Opinion in 
the Case of Tho': Bailie and Patr. Mackay and 
dischargd the Action ag' !Mackay, it appearing 
to have been for a debt contracted in Scotland — 
Col". Stephens averr'd w''' more than comon The i.^aiuy 
AVarmth, The legalitv of imprisoning for Debt onii.K for 

' ri . I o Oebt fiverretl 

and of the Courts' trying such Cases, And (tak- y-',.pv"ens. 
ing two Letters out of his Packet) Said He had 
rece'' those Letters from Gentlemen in Charles 

■<h:\ v.l J((.,a 

tilO'J '1011 Ji"^)!! 

500 Records 

Mr. Thos. Jones to the Trustees' Accotant. 

Town in Favour of ^P Beaton — One of those 
Letters was from Oth. Beale, (w^*^ I read) who 
therein, making an Apology for his AVriting to 
him, (being a Stranger) Yet having had the 
honor of an Intimacy with The AYorthy Gentle- 
man, W. Thomas Stephens, his Son, he had 
taken the Liberty S:c— M^ Parker and M"" Wat- 
son were of the Same Opinion with Col" Steph- 
ens — The Goaler liaving bro't Vaughan into 
Court, &: a Jury Sworn — M' Jacob Matthews as 
the Phiiutiffs Attorney delivered into Court — A 
Bill of Parcells, x\nd also a Promisory Note— 
parcoiis ^itli An Acco^ of the whole Debt said to be due 

and a 

promisorj- ^^ Bcatou,— w'"" Compouud Interest on the 
wliole of 10 £ T^ C\ ^^ annum, w^hich Papers 
were l)y the Court ordered to be show'd to the 
Jury — I asked Who appears to prove those 
l)el)ts.' W AVatson said, AP. Vaughiin to be 
Sure, would Acknowledge His Xote of baud as 
well as the Receipt of the Goods mentioned in 
the Bill of Parcells — And there needed no other 
proof- And demanded of Vaughan, whether he 
did not acknowledge the Debt; I replyd, The 
I']videnc(> given to the Court and the Jury ought 
to be upou r)ath, which cannot Ite regularly ten- 
dred to a Defendant even to exculpate himself- 
But Xemo tenetur Aecusare Leipsum AP. Par- 
ker Said The Plaintiff had already Sworn to his 
Debt bt"f<u-e 'M'^ Fallowfield & himself. As ap- 
peard by their Warrant w"'' to Satisfy the Juiy- 
Should 1)*' produced — AP Watson then advised, 
the Attorney to Suffer a Nonsuit, w"'' he did — 


Mr. Thos. Jones to the Trustees' Accotant. 

The injur- 

ious and 




by Mr. 


The injurious and unjust Treatment Vau- 
glian lias Since rec^ may be hereafter fully re- 
presented — YouU receive herewith his Deposi- 
tion relateing to Some part of the Hardships he 
undei-^'ent during his Imprisonment at Savan- 
nah, The Facts mentioned therein, I desired 
the President & Assistants to examine into ; but 
they did not judge them worthy their considera- 
tion — M"" Bosomworth was Once pi'esent & may 
remember with what Lan.guage M". Watson 

:Sir. Wat- 
son's rough 


treated Yaughan because he would not comply ^o mj 


with his Advice in paying ]\P Beaton the whole 
of his Demands, And to have no regard to his 
Other Creditors— 

I shall not further trouble you w^^ the Pro- 
ceedings during the Sitting of this Court, Than 
by giving a short Acco'. of a presentm'. of the 

ovei- heard 
by Mr. 

A short 
account of 
a present- 
Jury in Januarv Sessions ag' Ecaser t.^' two Zu- '^]^J}} °^ ^^^' 

blie's Inhabitants of Ebenezer; A ATarr' was 
then granted to aprehend them, but (tho they 
had often been at Savannah in y^ Interval) The 
Warrant lay domiant untill Easter Eve, (A 
Festival kept and observd w**" great Solemnity 
by the Lutheran Churches) On w"*" day The 
Preside Szc employd Tlio : Ellis (One of the Tyth- 
ing Men) to go to Ebenezer And to bring y" Pai- 

J ury. 

Thos. Kllis 
to brinK 
J' ' T • /-^ , 1 T-k • 1 r-i -I h prisoners 

ties m his Custody Prisoners to Savannah w^" from Ehen. 

ezer to 
on Easter 

he did on Easter day — When Ellis went to Eb 
enezer, and could not meet w'^ the Persons ^''^' 
whom he was to aprehend (They being then at 
their respective plantations about three or four 
miles distance from the Town), He acq'"^ M' 
Bolziub with his Errand, «.^' shewed him the War- 

502 Colonial Eecords 

Mr. Thos. Jones to the Trustees' Accotant. 

rant — ^1'. Bolziiis assured him that he would 
engage to bring them before the ^Magistrates at 
Savannah, on any day in the Week ensuing he 
should A]>poiut, But, As this Time was observd 
by the Congregation there. As i^reparatory for 
their receiving the Sacrament, he hoped the 
Magistrates would be Satislied with his En- 
gageni"- for their Appearance — Ellis Said his 
Orders were very positive to bring them down 
in his Custody, And that it was expected M'. 
Bolzius would produce the Men — M'. Bolziu* 
unwilling to give Offence took horso as did M' 
Vigera another and rode to y^ Plantations from 
whence they brought the 3 Men with them to 
Ebenezer, where being come— Ellis Said That 
He must have his (M^ Bolzius) Great Boat w'^ 
men to Kow, got ready, in Order to hi? carr\ing 

Mr. Bolzius 

in Vcirani tlic Aleu to Savaunah M'. Bolziu> intreated 

to the 

o7rS'ie ^^^^^ ^^^^' People miglit not be forcd to work on 
sunX!" "" the Sabboth day but could prevail nothing So 
that Two other Men of y^ Congregation (besides 
the Three in Custody) were compelld to go with 
the Boat to Savannah where they arrivd on 
Easter Sunday in the Morning, And after the 
three T^risoners had remained some time in Cus- 
tody they were had before W. Fallowfield, who 
required no recognizance or Sureties for their 
Appearance or good behaviour. He only Said 
The Court would be held at Savannah on the 
third l^ay of ^lay. At which time they must ap- 
pear there to Answer the Complaints made 
against tliem, And dismissed them— They re- 
turned home on :\[onday The Expence of thd 


Mr. Thos. Jones to the Trustees' Accotant. 

whole, ]^[^ Bolzius was obliged to defray, ex- 
cepting the Tythiug man's Pay for his Time and 
Service wliich Colon" Stephens discharged, plac- 
ing the Same to the xVcco^ of the Trustees — The 
three Men came to Savannah, on the third of 
May according as they had been ordered t* M". 
Fallowlield And again attended at this Conrt, 
When the Indictm' being called. And no Prose- 
cutor appearing, they were dismissd from fur- 
ther Attendance. 

M'. "Watson borrowed, of me Ten pounds, w"" 
he promised to repay at ^^lidsumer, At w'" time Money 

, , , - . . borrowed 

Jie sliouJd receive (as he said) upwards of ^^: -^^'"• 

Twenty pounds from Col" Stephens, he having j^ 
been at great Expence by his being obliged to 
live at a public House, And also wanting to buy 
some Xecessaiy things for his Lodgings, now 
fitting u\) — Jn a few days after he desired me 
to lend him Five pounds more, which I did, At 
which time he told me. That he had expended 
Thirty Pounds at Tisdale's, Since he arrived 
in Georgia (being about a Months Space) I was 
greatly Surprized thereat and acquainted Col" 
Stephens therewith, And told him That If I 
should not be at Savannah; when the Salaries 
were paid I should leave W. Watsons Promi- 
sory Xotes to me for £15 with William Russell, 
who would remind him, also, That M". Henry 
Parker was to pay Seven pounds. And W. Fal- 
lowfield Four pounds, for the Tnistees A ceo', 
out of the Sums due to them for their Salaries— 
The Colon" said he would take Care of it. But 
when the time of })aymeut came, he forbid Rus- 





504 Colonial Records 

Mr. Thos. Jones to the Trustees' Accotant. 

sel's mentioning it to thein— W Watson again 
Sent a Letter desiring me to lend him a further 
Sum of Six or Seven pounds — 1 went to him, 
And Said, Tliat :\Iidsumer Day being near at 
hand when (as he had tokl me) he should re- 
ceive upwards of Twenty pounds, whieh would 
Answer the Sum he wanted, over and above that 
which I had lent him, & which I hoped then to 
receive I to replyd — It is very well — lie has 
not yet repaid me, but hath from that time, by 
Injured by many Arbitrary and illegal Acts (wherein he 
and fiiel-ai }ias bccu Supported bv the other Confederates) 

acts. ' '^ ' 

injured me to a great Degree. As I cannot ex- 
pect the present Redress of those Injuries which 
my Self and Others have Suffered I shall not 
trouble you with Any particular Instances 

W AVatson soon discovered himself to be a 

Profane Man, and in other things a proper Com- 

Mr. Watson pauiou for W. Henry Parker but has exceeded 

companion ^11 tluit I liavc known to have ever lived in this 

for Mr. 

Parker. Coloiiy by his Industry in getting of Money, 

And in lavishly consuming it— He has a Con- 
A'enient 1 louse in y^ Square fitted up, w"' a Eoom 
therein for his Oillce, as a Law\'er, but is Sel- 
dom to be seen there unless when Some of the 
Indian Traders come to Town, (who generally 
are litigious), And Apply to him in Law Cases 
for Advice. He keeps also a Lodging, or An 
oftice, at Tisdale's, (A publick House) where ho 
Accomi>anies with Some Sawyers and Labour- 
ing Men who by their former Industry and Fru- 
gality had ac(]uired and Saved Money — There 


:\rr. Wat- 
son's so- 

Mr. Thos. Jones to the Trustees' Accotant. 

he practices aud instructs them to Set and know, 
The Main, Having a Box and Dice, w'*". a Cloth 
to cover the Table, at times, when other Com- 
pany is near), to prevent the Noise, by the rat- cauc'd ^office 
ling of the Dice) — Some persons that lodged at gamble in. 
the House occasionally, have told me, that W 
Watson with others have continued playing at 
Hazard, in his own Eoom, from Dinner Time un- 
till Two of the Clock next morning— Some 
of those poor thoughtless men by following the 
Main, will be obliged now to labour on the Ocean 
for a Livelyhood. 

1 Saw One of them, (tins week) at Frederica, Alexander 
who bewailed his Folly, too late, His Name is hiL^^'touy.'^' ^ 
Alexander Boss, came over a Servant, And 
Since the Expiration of his Servitude, workd at 
Sawying and other Labour. He had by his In- 
dustry got and laid up Above One Hundred 
Pounds Sterl — In Augiist last I hired him to 
row in a Boat to Frederica (but fearing the 
Enemy, had been Still in \-^ Colony). He left 
in my hands, Sixty One Pounds in Sola Bills, 
which I kept for him untill he returned. Two 
Others of them, Johnson & Tyrrell I had for a 
Considerable Time employ 'd (%-7 the General's 
Order) in Sawing (at Thunderbolt) Timber for 'tfmber. 
y^ Works at Frederica — They were So intent in 
following their ]\Iain, that they des])ised La- johnson 
hour — I was obliged to discharge them — John- nuiustnous' 

riiuii, now 

son had servd D' Tailfer, was a Sober inclus- |;|'^;,j^'J"^ 
trious ^Lan, in Continual Emplo}^ii' at Sa.\\n,dng, 
I have had often Sums of Monev in mv hands. 

and TyrrcU 
employed in 


CoLONL\i. Records 

Mr. Thos. Jones to the Trustees' Accotant. 

A cfimein? 
set up. 

An adver- 
ti.''ement of 
an address 
to Gcnl. 

w^*^ he desired me to keep for him— he is uow 
hccoTiie Idle and in Debt.— 

Since this Gameing Office has been Set uid, 
The Town have not been amused nor disquieted 
w'" Advertisements & Scurrilous Lampoons, Set 
up on the Trees and other Public Places- 
Copies of some of tbem I have sent you- M^ 
"\^^ltson claimed for a While the publishing Ad- 
vertism'^ as liis Eight only-- as appeared by 
his pulling down from y' Trees with his Own 
hands, An Advertisement of an Address to 
General Oglethorpe, which was thought to be 
very inoffensive, by all others besides M^ Wat- 
son «S: his Associates— He more especially dis- 
covered his Anger & Page thereat, by uttering 
])rofane Oaths, Curses, and Peviling Lan- 
giiage — I have sent inclosed a Copy of y^ Ad- 

It has been a very comon Complaint of Peo- 
ple (ever Since I knew this Colony) That Per- 
sons Insolvent, Such as M^ Parker Fallowfield 
and, CJiristie, have been placed in Authority, 
who run into Debt where they could obtain 
Credit, which they held discharged. Nay often 
threalned tiiose that demanded papn'. plead- 
ing An Exemption from being Sued for Debts- 
Yet None of them, nor Even alltogether, have 
been able to contract Suck large Debts, in this 
Colony, by borrowing Money, as Our New Bay- 
?o°con^t?i*ct ]iiY has done in v" short Space of time he has 

such large ' ^^ , „, ,, 

*^^^^\^f„lJ'^ been at Savannah— He has left none unattemp- 

new bailiff 

of Savannah. ^_.^^ ^^.|,^ j-^.^. -^^ Towu, & Supposcd able to Icnd ; 
tho Some wary people refused, Yet he hath 

A common 
that persons 
have been 
placed in 


Mr. Thos. Jones to the Trustees' Accotant. 

raised tlierel)y a very considerable Sum of 
:\Ioney from tlie Inhabitants, besides what 


he has borrowed of the Indian Trad- [-^/f ^>;.ii'^,^,, 
ers who have been at Savannali Since his x\rri- traders. 
val tliere— Some of those who have lent him 
Money flatter themselves with Hopes, That the 
Trnstees will not Suffer them to be Lossers by 
a Gentleman entrusted by them with a Comis- 
sion, and Authorised to be one of those, to issue 
their Bills — whereby his Credit is recomended; 
Sz not Established. 

He has lately gone greater Lengths — w"'' shall 
not nou' Mention The Table of Fees, (W'^ ^[\ The table 

of fees 

Marcer told me, lately, hath been confirmed by I'^/^^f^'^ 
the Trustees) hath been of great Service to the trustees. 
Two Bayliffs in their Tipling Expences. — Yet 
not contented therewith They Augmented those 
Fees, in some Articles to double the Sum, which 
I complaining of — At M'. AVatson's Instance, 
The President and Assistants were pleased to 

T-. iv 1 • Discharged 

discharge me from acting as Baylitt, or being from^acans 
One of the Assistants from that day— being in 
September last — A Court was held some few 
days after, when Col" Stephens acquainted the 
Inhabitants that The Trustees had discharged 
me from being 2^^ Bayliff And then the New Oath 
of Office was token by M". Watson — I Iiad often 
Urged That the taking of Fees was directly con- 
trary to, And a Breach of the Oath Solemnly 
taken by Us- AP Parker had said That tho' it ^^^.t^^e oaih 
was contrary to what he had Sworn to Observe, 
Yet that Form had not been Sent, or required 
bv the Trust; Tie tlierefore did not look u])on 

as bailiff. 

The taking 
uf foes 


Colonial Eecoeds 

Mr. Thos. Jones to the Trustees' Accotant. 

A nev.- 
form of 

to act as 
bailiff until 
Mr. Spen- 
cer's arrival. 

Mr. Noble 
bearer of 
letter from 
Mr. Causton 
to Genl. 

himself boiind to keep it— But to prevent that 
Objection for the Fntnre, A New Form of an 
Oath was penn'd, and now taken by M' "Watson- 
In wliich the hitter part of y' former Oath was 
omitted— A Copy of the former Oath you have 
enelo.sed. I .'should have mentiond, That when 
Col" Stephens deliver 'd me Yonr Letter Signify- 
ing tlie Trustees Pleasure, sometime in July 
last, lie told me that it was his desire, And 
the Trustees Intention That I would continue 
to act as J-]ayliff &c untill M^ Spencer could come 
to Savannah AVhich he hoped I v\-ould not refuse 
to do— I consented tliereto. 

I went soon after to Frederica, But had not 
been there long before I found it necessary for 
me to return again to Savannah. 

'M\ Noble Jone.s arriving at Frederica, bro't 
a Letter directed to the General from ]\P. Tho : 
Canston, wherein lie aecpiaints his Excellence 
Tliat having lately applyd to Coh' Stephens As 
presid' ».^' One of y^ Com^^— for Acco", (pursuant 
to what he had been directed to do by a Letter 
he hai] receivd from the Trust's Accounts ) to 
examine the Aeco* which he had Sent to the 
Tru.-t, and had by the Trust been again trans- 
mitted to the CoiiY\ in Georgia for them to ex- 
amine the Same and Keport thereon — Col" 
Stephens liad Said That no progress could be 
made therein, unless W. Spencer had proper 
power and would act in it or other Orders from 
Tho 'J'rnstees arrived — W Causton urging. The 
Damages lie sustained dayly, Through the De- 
lavs of the Comi.<sioners in makeing their Ivo- 


Mr. Thos. Jones to the Trustees' Accotant. 

13ort on that Aecompt-Colon" Stephens, replyd, 
That it Tva? a Detriment to him, But M^ Tho- 
mas Jones was ehargeable with those Delays— 
And that he (Jones) onght to he put under Ar- ^j^. Thos. 
rest till he Satisfyed him for those his Dam- charled^ 
ages— W Canston hesitating at the Expedient J|;,=^>;,°^ 
proposed by Col" Stephens— The Colon" added irj^l^^.^ 
that it might be done— And that M^ Parker '^^'^'^"'p^- 
would grant his Warr' ag' me. 

W. Noble Jones, who was then present, and 
heard this Conversation assured me That Col" 
Stephens endeavourd to persuade 'M'. Caustou 
to bring his Action ag^ me for Damages— 

This obliges me to mention the many Difficul- 
ties &■ Discouragements I found in examining f^^'^^^^^_ 
those few Acco'^ w^" have been certifyed Sz Sent guftJn-s 
to y^ Trust% partly thro' :\P. Darker, refusing, ^"°"^^- 
or neglecting to attend thereon, He seldom 
could be prevailed with to come to Town, And 
when he came on that Intent, oft got intoxicated 
in Town before he met us, At which Times he 
is very troublosom and talkative— So that we 
could not finish the Examination of One Acco' 
Sometimes in a Month, (tlio often met for that Conduct 
purpose) As also thro the Behavior and Con- ptepiicr.s 

^ ' -^ ^, surpiisuig. 

duct of Colon" Ste])hens which to me was bur- 
prizing and Unaccountable whilest I remained 

Ignorant of, and unacquainted vr'^. the Steph- anKin 
anian Polity 

When any, (whose Claims on the Trust came 
under our Consideration) w(^re examined touch- 
in": those their Claims, And their Demands 

The Steph- 

■(iv; .^::-rn'r '7 vi 

^1^ CoLoxi.41. Recokds 

Mr. Thos. Jones to the Trustees' Accotant. 

found to l)e groundless or Exorbitant, would not 

be allowed— Those persons afterwards com^ 

plaining of hard Usage— Colon" Stephens usu- 

?;^';"hich "^^^^^ soeth'd them, by saying, That he thought 

Sp^'^ilning "^"-^^^^^^ *^^^^i^- l^emands were very just, and ought 

Ssage'were ^^ ^i*^^'^' ^^^«i allowed— But he could not help 

WefiL '''^""^ '''""^ ^^''''^" ^'''' ^'"""^ ^^^ contradicted Jones 
(who was a veiy obstinate Fellow) he would 
imediately have complained ag' him to the Trus- 

The last time we met together as Comission- 
wiiuan. Z^. '!' ^'^^^^'' ^'^1 ^^^ i^ o^der to examine 
cSmo- the ^^^^^^'^^^^ Ewens Claim on y' Trusts I had be- 
Trustees. ' fore Our Meeting examined the Books, and 
found several Entries therein of E wen's own 
hand "Writing- I had taken in Writing the Ob- 
jections which occurrd to me against Several 
Articles in that Aceo'. When AYilliam Eweu 
was Sent for and attended Us, W'e examind him 
upon those Articles objected to, Some of which 
ho allowed to be Mistakes and wrong Entries, 
but insisted on his being allowed for the Hire of 
a Canoe LS'^ j~i my, which he asserted the In- 
wiHiam dmns liad t.ken from his Landing, and had kept 
SStion. "P^'^n'.ls of 15 Weeks, The further Considera- 
tion of that Matter was deferred to another 
time. The next day, I enquired of Two Ger- 
mans, who were Servants to, and lived with 
A^iU: Ewen, at Skidowa, during the Time he 
had missd his Canoe: who jovntlv declared to 
M--. Parker and Self, That M^ Ewen's Canoe 
(Said by him to be taken away by Indians) lav 
in a Creek near his ITonse on the Island durino- 


Mr. Thos. Jones to the Trustees' Accotant. 

all tlie Time, lie pretended, the Indians bad kept 
it, Aud that neither Indians nor any other haa 
made Use of it, in that Time— They further de- 
clared to Us That they had informd their Mas- 
ter (Ewen), On his asking them Whether they 
had seen the Canoe) of the Matter as they now 
related it. That They were willing to testify the 
same upon Oath, if needfull. 

Will : Ewen went that same Day for Charles 
Town on a Message to the xVgent. When he re- 
turnd again to Savannah — I desired the Comis- 
sioners to appoint a Time for finishing the Ex- 

All claima 
and accounts 
to be 
by the 
„ -^ . . . ^ 1 11 r^ 1 President 

mininir of Ewen's Acco'.— Colon^^ Stephens re- nu6 assist. 

ants for the 


ply'd. That the Trustees had orderd all Claims 
and Ace*', to be examined and certifyed by the 
President 6c iVssistants for the Future 

By the Minutes I had taken at our Examin- 
ing Ewens Claime in October— It appeard That 
Ewen stood considerably indebted to the Trus- ^wen-s^ 
tees But the President S:q,\ have Since better 
considered of Ewen's claim and allowed him the 
Hire of his Canoe, w"^ lay in the Creek on his 
Plantation, as also other Ai'ticlcs before object- 
ed to and disallowed Certifying a Ballance to 
be due from the Trust in Ewen's Favour— 
AATiich Ballance the President offered to pay 
unto him. (as I am informed) and Ewen refus- 
ed being much dissatisfyed with the Accompt asi- 
now Stated— After he had brought from the 
Agent sucb ample Eecommendations of his Use- 
fullness and Capacity to y' President (His 

\i. 'A1 ya 


CoLOxi.\L Eecords 

Mr. Thos. Jones to the Trustees' Accotant. 

from acting 
as commls. 
sioner, llien 
for not 

Mr. Jones 
v.-ent to 
to avoid 




Mr. Steph. 
ens' actions 
when ac- 
cused of 

The President's Discliargeiug me (Twelve 
Moiitli.s since) from acting as a Comissioner 
And al'terwards tlireatniug to have me pimisliJ 
for neglecting to act in the Comission, when dis- 
cliarged from it, has occasioned my troubling 
YOU with this long Digression 

However, to avoid A Capias ad Satisfaciend, 
being issued against me, xlnd i^erhaps an Im- 
pri.sonm' — I went again to Savannah, AVhere 
Colon" Stephens (who Soon after my Arrival 
gave mo a Visit) entertained me (after his usual 
Method) by Expressing the great Pleasure and 
Satisfaction he had in Seeing me at Savannah, 
hopeing that I would continue among them — 
That his Life was now a Burthen to him, That 
he had no Friend to advise w'^ or Assist him, 
that he could depend on — That whitest I had 
acted w"^ him in the aifairs of y"" Colony, he had 
Xo Cause of Uneasiness, and but little Trou- 
ble— He continued, w"' Complaining of his As- 
sistants Saying, One was a Sott, another a Mad- 
man, n Third an Obstinate designing knave, Ap- 
peal im;- to my knowledge of them to be Such, I 
reply M — A\lien Truth and Uprightness are dis- 
regarded — That Coniidence in One Another, 
(which is necessary to be maintaind for carry- 
ing on all Conversation and Business) will be 
destroyd, &: cease 

I did not mention the Peason I- had for my 
coming to Savannah, for I knew what Col'' 
Stephens would Say to me on that Occasion, — 
And that he would deny his ever Saying to 1\P. 


Jones to the Trustees' Accotant. 

Causton, That I ought to be put under Ar- 
rest — AYlien I have formerly tax'd him w'" re- 
proaching' me, And falsely accusing of me to 
others — He has ^\'ith the greatest Solemnity, 
(clapjiing his hand on his Breast, w"' Seeming 
Tears in his Eyes, and taking me by the hand) 
declared (Calling Grod to Witness) — That he 
had never Said those Things, And, he appealed 
to God (who knew his Heart), That he never 
had entertaind the least Jealousy of my Sincer- 
ity — "When I sent for those who had reported 
those things to confront him— He had then 
recourse to his Usual Salve, (well known, to all 
persons at Savannah with whom ho converses, 
even to a proverb) That He was Seventy Years 
of Age, His Memory decayed, And He might J°^; %%^^j^^y 
probably utter Sorae imprudent "Words, but Igl^^ °^ 
without any Intention of injuring me or any 
other— In May lasr, after he had behaved and 
used those Expressions as before related, (On 
an Occasion, now too tedious to relate) I told 
him, That I had not indeed arrived to his Years, 
Yet should it please God to lengthen my Days 
to Ninety Y^ears I tnisted, That I should not So 
far forget my Self, or the Eeverence and Duty 
1 owe to my Maker, as to injure my Neighbor, 
And profane the Sacred Name of God by calling 
him to Witness to a Palshood — 

After M' Causton had waited Several Days at 
Savannah for M^ Parker's coming to Town, He coi. stlph-'^' 

en? and ilr. 

at lenQ:th came and together ^\^th Colon" Steph- causton 

^ ^ ^ call upon 

ens and M'. Causton calld on me, and, asked. ^^^- -^o^^^. 
Wliat could be done about examining and State- 


CoLONi,\L Records 

Mr. Thos. Jones to the Trustees' Accotant. 

Ready to 

assist -with 




of no 


Mr. Parker's HoiISe ID tllG StoreS 

ing M^ Causton's Acco''. I answered That I un- 
derstood The Trustees had given Instructions 
in what was to be done — That, tho I had been 
told, That I had no Authority to act as a Comis- 
sion^ Yet I was ready to assist in the Examin- 
ing that, or any other A ceo' wherein the Trus- 
tees were concerned — M"". Parker proposed our 
meeting at a Public House to consider of it — I 
told him That 1 would attend them, if they met 
in the Compting House, from Day to Day untill 
that Acco' was Stated, (if I continued so long 
in Town) but would not meet at a public House 
to examine Acco*'. They came Then to no resolu- 
tions what to do, or how to proceed in y* Affair 
But meeting Another Day, at y* Compting 
W. Parker Said That it 
appeard to him Impracticable, to go thro' that 
Acco' w^*" would require more Time than they 
could well Spare M"" Causton then desired— 
They would make tlieir Report to the Trust, in 
any manner, So that the affair might come to 
Some Issue, And He be either acquitted from 
Blame, Or if found Faulty, might know where- 
in— After much Debate M^ Causton desired to 
know whether the Comissiouers would certify 
to tho Trust in General.— 'That the Cargoes 
'and Stores bought and Charged to Acco'. of 
'the Trustees, are regTilarly entred in the Books, 
'(Now at J' Store)— That the Advanc'd Price 
'on Issues of Stores, is duly placed to the Credit 
'of the 'J'rustees — That the then circumstances 
'of the Colony required the Purchasing of 
'Stores for its Support, And That Altho' some 


Mr. Thos. Jones to the Trustees' Accotant. 

'particulars of Sueli Stores might be properly 
'Said to be Unnecessary, Yet the Purchase of 
'them was then unavoidable, because, Otherwise 
Those which were Necessary could not have 
'been obtained — 

CoP Stephens, or M^ Parker, asked me If I 
objected any thing to those Heads mentiond by 
M"" Causton— I answered That I did not remem- 
ber Any Material Objection to be made against 
Either of them Col'^ Stephens then Said, We 
will readily (at any time) Certify to The Tiiis- 
tees what You have now Mentioned, And That 
no Part of your Conduct on a General View ap- S°condLt 
pears to bear anv Colour of Fraud — What has to'belr 


been since done in y* Affair I am not acquainted 

The Bearer going abroad prevents my adding 
to what I have Avritten — Am obliged abruptly 
to conclude 

I am 

Your very Obedient SeiV. 
Tho Jones. 

23*^ Pebry 1742/3. 

To Harman Verelst Esq'. 



CoLoxi.u. Records 

Wm. Spencer to Mr. Harman Verelst. 

(Prom B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter feom ^y^K Spexcer to the Trustees 
AccoTANT, Mr. Harmax Verelst ix Queex-'s 
Square, Westmixster. Recd 26 April 1743 


Frederica 23 Feb : 17-12. 

The arrival 
of a clock. 

lost wife 
and young- 
est daughter. 


Your's Dated in June last I reced, and return 
you thanks for your trouble and care in send- 
ing the Clock, which came in good Order, We 
had a good passage but since our Arrival I have 
lost my wife and Youngest Daughter and almost 
all ray Goods and Effects, the ^ticulars of 
which (amongst other Sufferers) I hope ^vill 
come Safe to Your Hands, I have been 111 ever 
since the Day after our Landing and for Up- 
wards of 4 Months lost the use of my Legs (but 
Thank God) am on the Mending Hand, and hope 
soon to lie at Savanah. The Gen^ has been ex- 
traordinary kind to me, Supplying me with 
everything I wanted ; The Loss of ray Vife is 
more grevious to me, than that of all my Effects 
Szc. pray give my Humble Seiwice to your good 
Lady & Xoice which concludes me 

Your most Obed'. & much 
Obliged Humble Serv'. 
W^ Spencer. 


Mr. John Terry to the Trustees. 

Be pleas 'd to send 
the Letters as directed. 

[Written np the margin on the left hand side] 


I hegg the favour of you to forward the Affair 
of my loss to the Trustees it being my all, and I 
don't doubt of their Compassion through your 
good Offices It being a Deed of Charity at this 
time Y-. "W. S. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

IjEttek from Mr. John Terry to the Trustees 
24 Feb 1742 Recd 26 April 1743: 

My Lords t^' Gentlemen 

The third of November Last, I sent your 
Hon"'. The Coppy of my first, of the 17"" Last 
June by M^ Tho'. Bosomworth, w^^. I hope your 
Hon", have Received 

And I Xow take an Oppertunity to send to the 
Hon^'". Board, by Capt^ Dunbar who is Going Jf^fj,^^^*?^; 
home w'". the Prize Sloop, The Coppy of the E^f l"o€t° 
Proceedings of our Court, Since My Arrivial in 
this place. 

Capt°. Dunbar who is Possesed w'". the Pro- 
ceed^\ Against the Prize, will I doubt Not show 

' Division 

the Same To your Hon".. The De\assion of the of money 

•' arising 

Money x\rissing from the Sale of the Perishable of'gooTi.^ 
Goods have been Attended w^*". Private Mur- 

M A mo'i'l) 



Colonial. Eecoeds 

Mr. John Terry to the Trustees. 

of court 
held to 

to lodge 

mours, by two or tliroe of The Captors, Notwith- 
standmg that tljc S''. Devission was made by 
their Orders & Consents, but I beleive That youi' 
Hon'"^ Are Sencible that in Snch Casses, it Sel- 
dom, or Never happens, that all Are Satistied 
And Piease'd, However the Court hav= been iu- 
forme'd tliat Some Were Discontent, the Same 
were Summons 'd to Appear at a Petty Session 
held for To Rectify Any Wrongs they should 
Make Appear Had been done to them, but As it 
will appear to your Hon", by the Minutes of the 
s^ Petty Session They Refused to Lodge Any 
Complaints in this Court Nor to have their pre- 
tended Wrongs t^ Injuries Tryed by the Same, 

Saying that they wou'd Appeal at a proper 
time To a proper jilace, And that then, & there 
thev would Have Justice done to them. 

Rash vrords ^ , 

to be spoken o]">oi\en 

to a court. 

These I think Are very Rash words to be 
to a Court, from whence One Would 
Reasonnal;'le Judge That the s^ Court Refuses 
to do Justice, Or that the Same is held by Un- 
just .^c Partial Men, or (Bailifs) But As Peace 
& quitness is a liappy Situation, the Disconten- 
ted Wore X'rgod Xo further, 

Your Hon'\ have Also Inclosed the Proceed- 
ings held at the Said Court in the Biggining of 
October Last w^\ I hope will meet w'\ the 
Hon'-'^ Boards aprobation We obmitted hold- 
ing of a Court at Midsumer on x\cc'. of The Late 
Invasion, but for the future We hope to be Re- 
gular in liolding the Quarter Sessions, 


Mr. John Terry to the Trustees. 

Inclose 'd your PIou'^. have Also a List of the 
free Holders of tliis Town, of vr"*". liis Excellenev iui 

\ list of 


Gen'. Oglelliorpe, Tells me, lie lias Acquainted the town. 
the Hon'^'". Board, that his Excellency hath Ap- 
pointed me Register of the Same & its precincts 
on Acco'. that the Inliahitants of these Parts 
thinks Much of Going or Sending to Savannah 
for In registring, And As I am so Appointed by 
his Excellency I hope & presume to think it will 
meet w'^ y. Hon". Aprobation, in w''\ Office I 
shall Dilligcntly xVcquit :\Iyself of My Duty, And 
Such further Directions As yon Shall think 
proper to Give me therein shall be Carefully Ob- 
serv'd And Obeyed, so soon As I shall have a 
Return of all the habitations in this Part, or 
Province. I shall Also Make One to Y^ Hon", 
w^*^. I hope will be soon The Inhabitants Are [,7,',^^^^!^^''^^ 
very "^Yell please 'd w'^. the Conviniancy of Re- 
gistring here. And thinks that Applj'ing to his 
Excellincy by way of Pettission is far better 
for them Then Going, or Sending to Savannah, 
And will be a Means of their Never Wanting 
of Lawyers, the Thoughts of w'\ they Cannot 

v.ith con. 
veniency of 

I beg Leave Of y^ Hon'', to be permitted to 
Inform the Hon*"^ Board that all here that 
Have Sallery Appointed to them by y". Hon". 
Receives Xone at all. And M". Stephens hath 
wrote to me And very Lately to M^ Calwell, 
that he hath Positive Orders from y^ Hon", to 
pay No Salleiy here As for my part who am so 
Lately here And have spent My little all in 
Building, Clearing, And Planting I find it very 

that should 
be, not paid. 

orders to 
pay no 

520 Colonial Records 


John CalweH to the Trustees. 

hard, but donbt Not but such orders will Soon 
be contremaudcd. 

All the Planters in this Island Are Now veiy 
Buissy in planting, And Notwithstanding the 
planting. Late Ijivasion, or the Aprehension of an Other, 
No One have been discourage 'd from planting, 
for Such As are In Low Circumstances Are As- 
sisted in their Undertaking By his Excellency 
who Incourages it to the Utmost of his power. 

I hope :\Iy Lords & Gentlemen that Y^ Hon", 
will have some Eegards m Eespects to Servants 
for this place for we cannot possibly Goe on 
Clearing & planting w^". out them. I remain w'*". 
the ]\rost profound Respect and submission 
ISIost HoTi'^ Lord 6c Gentleman 
Your Hon'' / Most Obedient And 
Dutyfull Serv\ to Com^ 

John Terry. 

For the RS Hon^'^ the 
Lords & Gentlemen Trustees 
for tlie Collonny of Georgia 
F]-ederica the 24'='- of Feb^^ 174-2/3:. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 


Feb: 1742 Rtx'D 27 Ap^ 1743. 

Honour 'd Sirs 

I rec'd a letter from Harman Verelst Esq 
Dated 2' Agust 1742 in answer to a letter I 


John Calwell to the Trustees. 

wrote relating to my Sallery as magistrate 
wherein he Acquaints me tiiat s onr Honnours 


have directed regular payments to be made of of expenses 

^ i- " to be made 

y^ Expences in the south parts of Georgia with ^oilTbius. 
y^ Sola Bills sent over for y' purpose and where- 
in my Sallary was provided provided likewise 
that it seemd beyond all Doubt to y^ Honours o^iy three- 
that I had reed paMn'. before M"". Verelst wrote. oTI\-ca.?s 

" salary 

In answer to w^ I declare I never rec'd but 34 received. 
of one year' Salery since 1 came to this place 
and have to the best of my power faithfully Dis- 
chargd the duty of a Magestrate these seven 
yeBv^ past and w^. I shall allweys do whilst tis 
y. pleasurs to continue me in s'* office Sz likewise 
observe there is no particular allowance pro- 
vided for any service before Mich'. 1739 Except 
provissions or in speciall Instances an occasion- 
all reward given by the Use of a Sei*vant &c in 
ans'. to which I begg Leave to Acquaint y' 
Honours. I never reed any provision but what 
I w^as to have when I came hither from England 
w^\ his Excellency Gen". Oglethorp in the year 
1735 w^ was only for the first year what more I 
rec'd I paid for ^S: had my Acctt". dra^Ti out & ^^^ ^^^^^^ 
Sign'd by W. Elisha Dobery who was appointed ^^fpScd 
Clerk to the Store which Acctt'. I resolv'd to slort. ^° ^'^ 
send but M'. Tho^ Jones of Savanah who was 
at Frederica desir'd I would let him see the 
Acc*'\ in ord". to Compare y". with the Books as Deprived 
he pretended but I find it was onlv to Deprive gotten^V/ 

. . *■ a pretense. 

me of y"". to prevent 'Me of convincing your Hon- 
ours how far I have paid for I Could never get 
them from him since and in regard to rewards 

522 CoLOXL\ii Records 

John Calwell to the Trustees. 

given by the Use of a servant. I Lad one man 
wbo had Xeer one year to serve your Honours 
in Georgia for which I vras oblig'd to pay £3 st^ 
in about G weeks after I had him he ran away 
I now keep four servants to Cultivate my Land 
and liire others in phanting time and have now 
18 Acres of land well cleard and fenced and have 
had good Crops from it but the last was De- 
stroyed by the late Spanish Invasion there has 


splnfsh^'^ ^^ been a report amongst us of a pream"". paid on 
Corn potatoes &c raisd in this province I Can- 
nott find uppon Enquiry that any man has ever 
been paid it in this south part of the province 
notwithstanding it was once publickly adver- 
tised which was last year after the planting sea- 
son was over consequently could not have the 
intended Effectt. I humbly begg y^ Honours 
wil] ])]cns to ord'. pay"^"'. to be made in such a 
shape as Umt I may receive it Either in England 
or put it in such hands as will realy pay me here, 
& if y^ Honours would likewise Condescend to 
let me know if there is any thing in mj power to 
promote the publick welfair here amongst us to 
observe it w'''. the greatest Exactness would be 
the Ambition of 

Honoured Sirs 

Your Most obed*. Humble Serva^ 
John Calwell. 

29'*^ Feb\ 1742/3. 



Mr. Thos. Hawkins to the Trustees. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 
Letqer from Mr. Thos. Ha\s^kins to the Trus- 
tees Eecd 4 June 1743 

Frederiea in Georgia 
r 25 Feb. 1742. 

My HoIl'^'^ Lords and Gen^°: 

The many Falsities asserted before the Hon''^^ 
and aug-ust Assembly in Parliament in Pre- 
judice of the Hon^\ the Trustees of this Pro- 
vince and tbeir ]\[ajestrates here apj)ointcd in 
which Office I was constituted by Your Honours. 
and as I think my Self Injured by false repre- 
sentations I hum'"®. Beg Leave in my own Vindi- 
cation to produce the Inclosed Copy of the Ori- 
ginal Warrant Serv'd on Cap* GascoigTi and to 
inform the Hon''. Board that another Copy is 
also Send with the Constables declaration of 
Service, which I hope will be Sufficient to prove 
the Specis of Creatures sett forward to destroy 
the AVelfare of tliis Place. There are also Some 
declarations Sent to England concerning M'. 
Norris which I bcleive to be Eeal Truths the 
many Stratagems have ben used to Stisflc the 
affair. M^ Lawley Bore a very Indiferent 
Caraeter and and [sic] of the two it would be 
hard to determine which was the Greater Villian 
to diceased poor Woman Gascoign or him who 
Lived here Several Months on the Spoils of 
Others and Steeling Hoggs as has ben since 
made apparent by his Confederates Since his 

The many- 

by false 

The specie 
of creatures 
to destroy 
the welfare 
of the 

Which is 
the greater 
Mr. Norris 
or Mr. Law- 


Colonial Records 

:>Ir. Thus. Hawkins to the Trustees. 






a heavy 
loss during 

cable to 
continue Im 

departure and iii Case lie had not timely re- 
TTioved liiiiiself would have had a Chance of re- 
ceiving his deserts 

Hon'' Lords and Gentlemen I have ben punc- 
tual in answearing Your Several Queries in M^ 
Varelst Letter of which I Send a Copy of my 
Answear fearing the other might have fail'd and 
have from my first appointment endcavourd to 
discharge the duty of my Office to the Best of 
my Knoledge of the Matter and Since the 
Commencement of the Estimate and in Con- 
clusion of my Letters desired to Know from 
Colonel Stepliens whether there were any more 
Particulars requir'd from me and in what Man- 
ner and he Seemd perfectly Satisfied with what 
I had done I thought it not consistant with Rea- 
son to intermix those matters with Military I 
allways avoided ^^ledling witli Matters vrhich 1 
thought out of my Sphere and was not a Little 
Surprised to see my Small income Lessend 
without any Known Reason. 

Dureing the late Invasion I realy suffer 'd 
much and my Losses of Druggs Stock Produce 
and Part of a Sloop with simdr^^ things besides 
has Reduced the Small Matter I had Saved to a 
much Less Sum which togather with the time of 
five Servants expiring next Month Renders it 
impracticable for me to do any more than I 
have done or even to Support what I have 
Brought to Perfection, the great Expence of 
Hire and uucei-tain dependance on any that can 


Mr. Thos. Hawkins to the Trustees. 

be p]-oeiired liere is so Obvious that every Pri- 
vate Person Knows it to be impracticable to re- 
ceive any Pi'oflitls or Advantage. And tis a 
Matter of no Small Concern IIon''\ Lords and Matter of 

no small 

Gentlemen to See the Endoavonrs of Seven concern 

to See 

Years return to its wonted wildness whicli I of'^leveT 
wonld gladlv prevent was it in mv Power, well ietum to 

^ * -^ V » wonted 

Knowing the Land to be realy good and Cape- ■«^"<3ness. 
able of Prodnceing any Kind of Grain both 
Enropian and Foreign of which I this Year have 
produced the first Fruits of my Labour, which 
prov'eing beyond Expectation pleased me with. 
Hopes of the Future. 

I am far from wrighting this with a View to 
insinuate my want of any Assistance more than 
punctual payment for Ser^dces realy performd. 
nor would I be ihvA Wretch to represent imprac- 
ticable Schemes to Obtain Sums to bury in Ob- 
livion and divest future objects that may here- 
after Merit your Protection as to resigning or 
Continuing the. Office I enjoy and discharge with 
much trouble and Expence (were the Salleries 
punctualy Paid) 1 should discharge it (if I could 
be thought Capeable) or Quitt with equal Pleas- 
ure, but as not Comply 'd with but the Office dis- 
reguarded and trampled on the Resignation 
would be more Eligable I herewith inclose a de- t\on^?f non- 
claration of nonpayment and refer it to Your 
Honours Humanity and goodness to Consider 
of Some Measure to put a Period to the bad Pay- 


526 Colonial Records 

Mr. Thos. Caii?ton to Mr. Verelst and to the Trustees. 

ment of our Dues And the iusvsuportable Difi- 
culties fiom tlienee ariseing to 
Y' Honours 

most faithfull and Obedient 
Hum^'° Servant 

Tho. Hawkins 

No progress 
made In 
of accounts. 

To the Hon^'^ the Trustees 

(From B. P. R 0., B. of T., Georgia, YoL 22.) 

Lettf.ti from Mr. Thos Gattstox to Mr. Harmax 
Verelst and to the Honble Trustees foe 
establishing Georgia in America Eecd 29 
]\Iay 1743 

Frederica March 1~\ 1742. 


I wrote you on the 20 of Xovem last, v^^. I 
thought then to have dispatcht bv Cap. Dunbar; 
But as he did not depart so soon ; and least some 
other accident might happen, I liave given a 
Duplicate w"^' I hope will be delivered to you by 
M^ Smith. 

ffrom the date thei'cof, I have continued to 
attend tlic Comission for Acc'% at Savannah and 
urge the examination of the Accounts you men- 
tion in yo'. of Aug'. 2r^ But cannot get them 
to make any progress therein, and w\ proper 

Correspondence 527 


be ' 

Mr. Thos. Causton to Mr. and to the Tiusteo; 

reasons tliey may each render to the Trustees 
for not doing it, I am at a loss to guess. 

They have each promised me to assure tlie 
Trustees, that the advanc'd price on the Issues fhon<^M 
of Stores have been duly credited and apply 'd u-ee'ir, 
to the use of the Colony, and that they do not 
kno"w or beleive I have comitted any frauds or 
unjust Actings in any of the Trustees affairs. 

Sliould any thing of this kind come to yours 
Or the Trustees hands in any Shape testify 'd by 
or through tliem; I imagine you will think that 
I ought to have my Acc^Setled, my Services 
rewarded, And just reparations made me. 

The Gentlemen in ('omission cunuse each 

other, and Colh Stephens and },I\ Y/atson have Advised 

each advis'd me to arrest M". Jones as the Mr.'^jo'i!e3 

guiltv person; I confess (tho' mv damages are suiuy 

*■ . V ^1 person. 

very great, and my Character sacrificed by the 
delay of Justice) I can't come into their way of 
thinking or proceed by their authority only. In 
my humble Opinion the Trustees are the proper 
Judges of tlie Crimes any one shall comitt in 
this Colony in Mrt^e or Colour of their Au- 
thority; And till I see Justice donyed me by 
them, shall not pursue any contrary m.easures. 

I am now at Frederica, have laid n^y case fully 
before General Ogletliorpe, (M^ Tho\ Jones now-'wifunc 

to ' 

n lav. If of 
Mr. Causton. 

being also present) }.P. Jones has now declar'd oertineate 
he is ready to Join Colonel Stephens and ^['. 
Parker in a Certificate to the enclos'd purpurt; 
He says will return to Savannah with me, where 
I intend to urge again tlie execution of the Trus- 


CoLONi.^L. Records 

Mr. Thos. Causton to "Mr. Verelst and to the Trustees 

of support- 
ing self. 

tees Orders and my own Justification before 
some creditable witnesses: on wliicb Occasion 
yon will hear farther from me. 

I beg leave to add that my particular injnrys 
and the ill Scituation of the Colonys affairs have 
rendred me uncapable of Subsisting with^ a 
Support; The Generall has been pleas 'd to 
grant wS is imediately necessary and I hope tlie 
Trustees will give such Judging in my Affairs 
that I may be free from my Bonds, and in a 
Condition to perform such Services either in or 
out of the Colony As may regain my massa- 
cred Creditt, and the dne Eeputation of an Hon- 
est man 

"Who Am 

S'. yo'. very humble Serv^ 
T. Causton. 

signed by 
^i^. Jone: 

Coppy of Certificate above niention'd. 

Georgia Ss 

We whose names are hereto subscribed being 
appointed by the Honoble the Trustees for Stat- 
Mr! Parker iug aud examiuiug their Accounts in Georgia 
Stephens. aforcs'd, liave carefully perus'd and examin'd 
or caused to be examin'd, the books papers and 
entrys relateiug thereto from the 25 of starch 
17,?4 to the )(r\ of October 173.^. agreable to tlie 
powers in and by the said Comission to us gran- 
ted. Do hereby certifye that the Stores bought 
and money reced by Tho^ Causton late Store- 
keeper and Agent for the said Trustees Do ap- 
pear to have been duly chargd and accounted for 



Mr. Beaufaln to the Earl of Eijmont. 

ill the said books; That the advauc't prizes on 
the Issue of such Stores do appear iii and by 
the said books and entrys to be duly and justly 
credited to the said Trustees and seem to be so 
made eliargcd and intended to defend against 
the waist and charges arising by the said 
Stores; And it also appears. xVs well in and 
by the examination of said books, As also by the 
Testimony of such creditable persons to us or 
either of us given that the sd Thomas Causton 
liath not comittcd any fraud or unjust action in 
the said Trustees aiiairs ; but contrarwise hath 
acquitted himself by honest and just means; 
And hath from the time of the Arrivall of said 
Towers in Georgia to this day duly attended (as conimkud 
occasion requird the meetings of said Comis 
sioners and assisted the execution thereof ac 
cording to Justice. 


any fraud, 

(From B. P. P. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter fro^i ]\Ir. Beai^faix to the Earl of Eg- 
MOXT G March 1742. 

My Lord 

I would have Sooner thank 'd your Lordship 
for your letter of the 29^" September, but that I 
waited to write by the Gibraltar man of war, the 
Government here has now the opportunity of a 
Safe conveyance to lay before the King a full 
account of our Scituatiou, and I hope it will be invasion 

. . expected. 

done, tho' I fear it will be too late, we are m a 

..0 M /I .a ni.n^) 


Colonial Records 

Mr. Btaufaiii to the Earl of Egmont. 

No engineer 
In the 

lands in 
of a high 



manner certain that wc Shall be invaded this 
Spi'ing, and wo are hut indiferently ])ropared 
for it, Sonietlnng has been done towards fortify- 
ing the Tow]i since the descent upon Georgia, 
but whether to any purpose no body here can 
tell, for we have no engineer in this Province, 
and it is a maxim with us to em])loy our own 
folks, tlie rest of our military preparations are 
T am afraid answerable, as for our Strength in 
men T need not mention it, your Lordship knows 
that the Country is engrossed by a few, who 
keo]-) lands (as Stock Jobbers do Stock) in ex- 
pectation of a high market and thereby obstruct 
the peopling of this Province, to the manifest 
iniury and hazard of the Publick; whether the 
Publick has a remedy or is bound to Suffer thro' 
the folly and covetousuess of Such men, I am 
u'^t able to Say, but it is plain tliat tlie Smallness 
of our number is owing to that intolerable abuse, 
and that till the abuse is removed this Province 
can never acquire a native Strength, 

The over- 
the country 
with slaves. 

A law 

to stop 
of slaves 
soon to 

Next to the engrossing of lands, the over- 
stocking the Country with Slaves is an abuse 
that Shews how necessary it is to restrain men 
from pursuing their private interest contrary to 
that of the Publick, there is no man here but if 
lie is ingenuous will own, that we have and have 
had these many years a greater number of 
Slaves than is consistent with the Safety of this 
Province, yet, because that trade yeldt great 
profit, there was no end of importing, a law was 
made at last to Stop importation for Some 
years, this law will expire I think in about ten 


Mr. Beaufain to the Enrl of i:j;mont. 

months, and I am credibly informed that Sever- 
all Ships arc already commissioned from lience 
to pour in Slaves upon lis. 

Tho' I have said My Lord that the chief 
causes of our weakness are evident, I must own 
that to many of us the weakness itself does not 
appear hut at times of a Harm, when that is over 
they take this Province to be well Settled, and 
this Town to be a Strong place, and therefore 
they oppose Such means of defence as are not to 
their liking, they are against fortifications be- 
cause of the charge, and against resular forces, Arguments 

o 7 o ^ ' \n regard 

because those, Say they, are dangerous to the defTnce!*^ °' 
liberties of the people, accordingly when appli- 
cation was made for three Companies, it was at 
the Same time thwarted from hence, and as it 
unluckily happened that Some Gentlemen, then 
going for England, were recommended as lit to 
command those Companies (which it must be 
owned w^as imj^roper) merchants at home were 
made to believe that there was no other use for 
the Companies than to oblige those Gentlemen 
with Commissions, the consequence of which 
was, that most of the merchants refused to coun- 
tenance the petition, and Some declared against 
it, Some even Said they knew their interest in 
Charles Town to be as Secure as if it was in 
Cheapside, which wise Sentence SuiBciently 
Shew'd from what quarter the opposition origi- 
nally came 

This Self Sufficiency of ours is well known to This soir 


General Oglethorpe, who no doubt has been be- 
fore hand with me in animadverting upon it; 


Colonial Records 

Mr. Beaufain to the Earl of Egmont. 

A delacli- 
ment uivier 
of Col. 

Soou afler the retreat of tlie Spaniards arrived 
from Jamaica a .Detaclimeiit of 500 men, their 
Commander Colouell Duroure an old acquain- 
tance and good friend of mine JSent an express 
to tlie General for his orders, the General, in an- 
swer to a letter he received with that of the Col- 
onell, expressed himself with a good deal of 
warmth upon our not thinking ourselves in im- 
mediate danger, and to the Colonell he ansvrer- 
ed, that in his opinion the Kings Service re- 
quired that the Detachment Should come to 
Frederica, but Since the people of this Province 
did not apprehend an immediate danger, he 
could not take upon him to give a positive order, 
and the Colonell was at liberty to do what 
Should appear most agreable to his instructions 
from General Wentworth, in this manner was 
an opportunity lost, which I fear will never offer 


No pro; 
of a belter 
Gen. ng:e- 
tho!-pe and 
people of 
the Colony. 

A secret 

There is no prospect of a better understand- 
ing betv^een General Oglethorpe and the people 
of this Province, which is much to be regretted, 
for tho' the General will be no less willing and 
ready to assist us, yet a friendly intercourse 
and frequent correspondance would greatly ( ' 
tribute to the common Safety and interest, and 
the want of it may prove of ill consequence 

I make no doubt Aly lord as I said Init we shall 
be invaded this Spring, unless the Spaniards be 
diverted from it by the Sailing of 11 or 12 men 
of war from Antigua upon a Secret expedition, 
it was the last time a question between the Com- 


Mr. Beaufain to the Earl of Ef;moiit. 

mande]-s of the Spanish troops wlietlier they 
Should attack this i'rovince or the (Jtiieral, and 
they vvill hardly return where they Know there 
is no great booty, and where they got broken 
lieads, especially as Frederica has been consid- 
erably fortilied since the last attack, the mer- Snsidembiy 


chandises in this Town and other circnmstances, since^ last 
which they will have an account of by returned 
prisoners, will in\'ite 'ern hither. 

I fear My Lord that from telling of news I 
have in>ensibly been led to observe upon things 
which it is not my Pro^-ince to enquire into, if 1 
have, 1 know- )our Lordship will excuse it as 
being well meant, 1 have indeed no Share in 
affairs of Government, and 1 may have erred 
in my opinion of measures taken but 1 think it 
the duty of all who are favoured with access to 
men of your Lordships Kank and character to 
give them such information as they apprehend 
to be for the Service of the Countiy 1 am great- 
ly obliged to your Lordship for your favour 
with My Lord Wilmington, it is possible 1 may 
Soon Stand in need of it, for 1 have unluckily 
quarreird with M\ ILimmerton Secretary of rniucuiiy 
this I'rovince, who now Says 1 am not qualilied ^y;;';;,;Vo'rton 
for my ])lace, and that he will cause it to be jrHhe 
taken from me, what makes me mention this to 
your Lordsliip is not that I am in any doubt of 
my qualifications, the Lords of the Treasury did 
inquire into that, and I had the Attorney Gen- 
erals opinion, which 1 left with my very gooa 
friend Culonell Lameloniere, tiierefore I am 
clear of the imputation of taking a place for 


. he 

jo 'V.!h o-U 

'K> <:l 

i:./oVl HiH 

534 Colonial Records 

Mr. Beaufain to the Earl of Egmoiit. 

wliicli 1 was not qualified, iior do I believe that 
AK Hammerton, if he really intends what he 
Says, will put it upon that issue, which as it 
would imj)ly a reflection upon the said Lords 
and the Commissioners of the Customs, might 
do him no Service, but if the place is during 
pleasure, as I believe it is, he may possibly hurt 
me by Some Misrepresentation. 

I forwarded not long ago to your Lordship 
a large packet from M' Dobell, Avho has I pre- 
sume informed your Lordsliip of what passes 
in Georgia. 

I most ^heartily wish your Lordsliip an intiro 
recovery of your health and a long enjoyment 
of it, and am with the greatest respect and 

My Lord 

Your Lordships 

most obedient and most 
humble Servant 
H Berengor de Beaufain 

Charlestowu March 6'" 1742{^ 

P. S. M^ David Zubli tells me that the inhabi- 
tants of Veruonburgh and other places in Geor- 
tiel'}^^by ffia have Signed a petition to the Honourable 
of'vernon^ the Trustcos, jiTayiug that his son ^P John 
Joachim Zubly now at S\ Gal may be appointed 
their Pastor. :M'". David Zubly has the Charac- 
ter of a good honest man, I need Say no more to 
recomend him to your Lordships favour. 

Correspondence - 535 

Vk'm. Stephens to Mr. Harman Verclst. 

(From B. P. R. 0., B. of T., Georgia, Vol. 22.) 

Letter from "William Stephens to Mr. Harman 
Verelst dated 8'^'^ or T^[arch 1742/3 

Savannali ^[arcli 8'^ 1742/3. 


In my last of the 22*^ Jan^: ^ Cap": Styles in 
tlie Susanab I acquainted yon with the Eec' : of \^^ 7'aci^ttts, 
yours of 7'^ Sep^ & 9'^ Ocf :, with the several '^^ea" 
Packetts therewith sent, as is more particularly 
taken Notice of in my Journal of that Time, 
(viz') 11'*^ & 18^^ of Jan^ The next Advices from 
you came to Hand on the 21"'. Feb'' : as noted in 
my Journal of that Day, & again on the 28^*". 
Ditto; whereby you'll be inform 'd, that I reed 2 
short Letters more from you of 23' & 26^^ NoV: 
but unhappily that Letter of 19'^*' Nov*" which you 
referr'd to, & wherein I hoped to find some far- 
ther Intelligence, I still hear nothing of; 
wherefore not having hitherto any Advice that 
Cap": Airs is arrived, my last Hopes are yet, 
tliat it may come by him. These unlucky Inci- 
dents I must plead in excuse for my protracting 
the Time a little longer than common, in sending 
the usual Papers required. But not to wait 
longer for such Uncertainties, I never want ]\Lat- 
ter sufficient to fdl a Letter as often as I write 
to vou. — To begin where I left off in my last — 

Just as I was closing my Packett of the 22"^ 
Jan'', two Petitions were put into my Hands, 
desiring I would forward them to the Trustees 

536 Colonial Records 

Wni. Stephens to Mr. llarnian \'erelst. 

from John Teasdeale & John Goddard; which 
I promised cV: did (as I never retuse any thing 
to go in my Packett which is brought me) but 
having then Time only to cast my Eye upon it, 
without taking farther Notice; I conceive some 
Blame may rest upon me, should I not take the 
first Opportunity of opening that Affair, for 
their Honours Direction therein, as well as for 
the future. From divers of my past Letters & 
Journals, 1 presume it may have been observ'd 
what a great Pj'opensity some of our Freehold- 

of lots.' "^ ers liere are fallen into of trafficking for Letts 
in this Tow]i & exchanging with one another; 
whereof I laid a particular List before the Trus- 
tees, enclosed in one of my late Packetts, with 
such Observations thereon, as I humbly hoped 
might a little Conduce to the better forming 

Teasdeale tiicir Juduinents uiiou cach : which I shall v\-ish 

a >- -t 

by trade. j.^ have. Tcasdcalc is a Taylor by Trade, mar- 
ried some Years since to a Widow (Relict of 
AVill'" Cross) in Right of which Widow he now 
holds the Lott vchere they live, N° 7 in the 2' 
Tything of the \o\\ev i\e\v Ward in the Year 
Lciic'lil oi' his Children by a formei- Wife, he 
obtaiu'd a Loft in his own Name N*": -j in the 3' 
Tything of the lower NNew Ward in the Year 
1741, v^lnch he enclosed and 'tis expected will 
build upon: they keep a publick House by Li- 
cence, which s^he understands the Management 
of well; ^*c acting in a double Capacity, 'tis be- 
liev'd they got ]*kIoney apace: but with a View of 
making more Speed, his Aim has been for a 
while pa^t to get a Lott fronting the River, 


^^'nl. Stephens to Mr. Hariiian Verelst. 

Derby Ward 
a most 
extra va- 
gant young 

where alJ Comers might readily hiid Entertain- 
meut assoou as ashore. The lirst best Lott in 
Town N' 1 in AVilmington Tything in Derby 
Ward, beloug'd to Jn^: Goddard; a most protli- 
gate extravagant young Man (whether a Atinor 
yet, or newly of Age, is not certainly known) 
seldome to be seen at Savannah, but mostly up- 
on the Kamble ; engaging frequently in various 
Employments, & as frequently when weary of 
one, getting into another; at present he is to be 
found in the publick Service, entered in the 
Guard Boat at Skeedaway Narrows. It may be 
suppos'd a Person endued with so vicious a 
Habit, needed not much Persvrasion to part 
with his Lott, & theret)y become blaster of such 
a Sum of Money as he knew not the Value of: 
accordiuidy a Bargain was struck up betwixt a bargain 

^ *' " ••- struck. 

Teasdeale k him for £25 to mrdce Sale of the 
Lott; (i upon Payment of that Sum Goddard 
was to give the other an Enfeofment & Posses- 
sion of the Same; as I find he did, for what in 
all Peoples Opinion was not near half the worth 
of it: & if I am rightly inform 'd (as I think I 
am) in very few Days he had not a Penny left 
of it. I should hardly think it worth while to 
use many AVords about it now; but let such a 
Wretch suffer for his Folly; were it not my 
Duty to represent it fully; that the Trustees 
may thereby see how this Itch prevails of buy- 

The pre- 

ing & selling before and Leave from their Hon- n;'J|i[!f f^r 
ours, & (as I conceive) without any Power of Sing ilTis. 
Alienation, unless such leave is obtain 'd, to 
make tlie Title good. These Things I humbly 

538 Colonial Eecoeds 

Wni. Stephens to Mr. Ilarman Verelst. 

submit therefore to the Consideration of the 
Trust; & must wait their Orders for my future 
Direction ; in the mean uiiile I am not, nor have 
been, wanting to give out Caution against all 
Proceedings of tliat Kind; wherein mere was so 
much liazard to themselves, & an Appearance 
of not a due Regard to the Trustees. 

From what is said about Titles of Lotts, it 
follows naturally next, to take some Notice of 
our Surveyor & Register; & 'twere to be wish'd 

quiiirica. " " []^qj werc cacli alike capable of Skill to dis- 

sufvev'or ^""^ charge the several Offices they are api)oiuted to. 

no^doubt! M^ Averys Qualilicatious that way, will admit 
of no Doubt (I think) of his Performances with 
due Exactness; I could only vrish that the 
Powers given him were better knovni, together 
with his In.=-:tructions thereon; which he often 
tells us he has expected ever since his Return 

vain^Jay-''" to bo scut aftcr him. In the mean while I can- 
not avoid saying, that his vain way of talking, 
& manifying himself; alledging that he is en- 
gaged to give the Trustees an Acco^ of all Tran- 
sactions ; ^\: that he shall open their Eyes by lay- 
ing Matters in a fuller Light before 'em, than 
has been done yet; occasions many People to 
look on him as invested with some extraordi- 
nary Commission, cc accordingly have frequent 
Resort to him: all which 1 can easily smile at, & 
regard very little, from the long Knowledge I 
have had of his vaunting Temper : but some who 
are join'd with me as Assistants for Advice, 
appear very cautious, tS: doubtfn.ll, in giving 
their Opinion relating to what ^NP. Avery does; 

of talking. 


W'm. Stephens to Mr. Ilarman Vorelst. 

for whicli Eeason I Imvo thonglit it nGedfiill to 
bestow a few Lines enclosed setting fortli in a pHncipai 
2Teat treasure some of the principal Things needful 
they seem to stumble at, S: we all wish to get the ^[.'"stees* 
hon^'^ Trustees Direction in. 


I forbear being tiresome in adding more on 
this Head at present, & shall be glad to fmd no 
farther Occasion : what I have said being far 
from meaning any ill "Will to M"". Avery; but 
solely to get a right Understanding, that we do 
not err in our Duty, & thereby preserve that 
Amity which at present subsists, & I hope al- 
ways will betwixt us. 

I would fain get a well grounded TTopo of see- 
ing our ^Register carry on that Work to Effect; i.ittie 
which hitherto little Progress has been made in : made W 
Xevertheiess I beg leave to postpone yet once '■'^ retjiHier. 
more writing ])ointedly thereon, till my next; & 
then, unless I find more Improvement, the Ten- 
derness I vrish to shew towards M''. Dobell, must 
give Place to that Duty I owe to the Trust, in 
concealing no Defects that may be detrimental 
to their good Designs 

M'. Spencer's Incapacity for so long Time to 
give us his Assistance ( occasion 'd by such a concerning 
grievous Sickness; wherein also he unhappily 
lost his "Wife ^' many of his Effects) we have 
look'd on as a great ^Misfortune on us also, for- 
asmuch as his concurrent Opinion with us, would 
in many Things liave addeii Strens'th to our 
Determinations By the last Advices from Fred- 
erica, we were mit in hopes of seeing him short- 

Mr. Spencer. 

540 Colonial RrcoRDs 

Wm. Stephens to Mr. ITarman Verelst. 

ly, from llie Ace*: given iis of Lis being grown 
pretty chcarfiill al)road again; but wliat do- 
tain 'd jum at present, we were told, was Lis dis- 
Disposed posing of Lis NoicG & Maid Servant in Matri- 
and"m'a1d moDv, who Lad Ilnsbands provided for 'em. 

servant in ' „ ., . . 

matrimony, ^^^jat fartLcr CausG may Lappen of aetammg 
Lim tliere longer, I know not. 

In tlie ]\rinutes of Proceedings of tLe Presi- 
A doubt ^^^^ ^ Assistants on tLe 29^^ Jan^ last (wLicL T 
'reiaiPng to Log loavo to Toforr to) von'll find a Ponbt arisen 

allowances. , . i \^ t, i. /» ^' 

among ns relating to tne Payment oi a lears 
Allowance to some Familys, formerly made a 
Present of by tLe Trnstees to Ebenezer: vsdiere- 
in I Lad Directions from tLe Board, to apply 
for tLe Trust's Orders: wLicL you'll please to 
resolve us in. 

Waiting every Day to catcL Lold of tLe first 
Opportunity for conveying my Packett to CLar- 
les Towm, by some trading Boat passing down 
tbe Piver, I stop Lere to be ready fr remain 

Tour most bumble Servant 
Will: StepLens. 


y^ ITarman Verelst 

P. S. TLe long time I Lave waited for 
an Opportunity to send off my Packe*!, 
gives me room to add to it Coppy of a 
letter from tLe General of tLe 22 ^lar. 


Abcfcorn, village of, Mentioned 210. 

Accounts, book of, mentioned 491 j 

debit side of, neglected by Mr. Jones 204; 

Georgia 528; 

of affairs 59 ; 

of disbursements 370; 

of disbursements for year 1740 , . . .104; 

of expense 192; 

of produce of the Trust's Farm 472; 

public 4£ j; 

Savannah, examined 526; 

store at Frederiea GO; 

Thomas Causton 's 509; 

Trustees', mentioned 503; 508; 

\Vm. Ewen's oil". 

Act, being prepared for the King's approbation 208; 

prohibiting negro slaves 80. 

Acton, town of, Swiss and German inhabitants 47G. 

Adlan, Mr., mentioned 431. 

Airs, Jacob, Capt., mentioned 316; 535. 

All Souls, Col. Stephens •' eldest son at 474. 

Alther, John, mentioned 485. 

Amatis, Mr., mentioned 154. 

America, mentioned 289 ; 486. 

Anderson, Mr., mentioned 179; 183; 296. 

Antigua, a place mentioned 532. 

Argyle, Fort, Wm. Elbert, Lieut, of 282. 

Augsburg Confession, those of the, mentioned 21. 

Aug.spourgner, Mr., letter to Monsieur Verelst 32. 

Augusta, Ga., mentioned 90; 122; 196; 2G9; 319; 320; 47U; 499; 

inhabitants of 185; 

relating to 140. 

Augusta, Fort, Lieut, of, Mr. Kent 319. 

Augustine, St., mentioned 333; 413; 443; 444; 445; 479; 486; 

488; 493; 

campaign against 335; 

people who served in regiment at 184; 

prisoners taken near 132. 

Avery, Joseph, Capt., 230; 270; 272; 273: 2S5; 316; 433; 43 J; 

440; 538; 539; 

542 Index 

a better channel up the Savannah Kiver discovered by.. 214; 

apiiointcd Land Surveyor 432; 

arrival of 407; 

author of the "New Survey of this Colony" 231; 

instructions relating to 472; 

letter to tlie Trustees 40S; 

letter to Mr. Verolst 415: 

letter to Mr. Verelst 475; 

surveying instruments purchased for 454; 

timely arrival of 452; 

works on a map of Savannah 2G9. 

Badon, Stephen, Mr., mentioned 495. 

Bailen, James, a successful vineyard grou-er 157. 

Bailie, Mr., insolent behavior of 55. 

Bailie, Thomas, the case of 490. 

Baillon & Miller, landed with provisions 3S. 

Baltick Merchant, a ship 13. 

"Banns of Matrimony, Tl;e," published by Mr. Dyson 431. 

Bs-bcT, >rr., indicted 301 ; 

imprisoned 391. 

Barker, Joseph, mentioned 39. 

Barnard, John, Sir, mentioned 440; 

in relation to negroes 440. 

Bathurst, Mr., killed during the insurrection of negroes in 

Carolina 333. 

Beach, of the ship "T)je Two Brothers" 107; 201. 

Beacon at T^-bce, mentioned 333; 

nearly finished 143. 

Beale, 0th, mentioned 500. 

Beaton, Henry, Mr., mentioned 498; 499; 500; 501. 

Beaufain, !Mr., mentioned 77; 107; 322; 323; 

letter to the E;:rl of Egmont 529. 

Eedou, Mr., nu^ntioncd 49d. 

Bennct, Le'v'., widow of, mentioned 43''. 

Berhofter, .John, mentiored 4S5. 

Bewlie, Col. Stopliens planting a vinoyjird at lot5; 2'.'2. 

Bings, Arth, a lady 's footman at Kinsington 90. 

Bolzius, Eev. Mr., mentioned. .69; 138; 209; 293; 321; 330; 3S7; 5'"il; 

designing a new plan of town of Ebenezer 21'': 

give.s account of Mr. Thos. Stephens' behavior at 
Ebene/.er .32!'; 

in regard to forcing people to work on Sunday 502; 

letter from 75; 

letter to Mr. Harnian Verelst 221; 

letter to Mr. jiarmau Verelst 250; 

Index 543 

letter to Mr. Verelst 455; 

minister of Ebenczer 370 ; 

refused provisions he v,antcd to buy 374. 

Bond, Thomas, ]SIr., mentioned &4. 

BosomKorth, Tbonias, ^Ir., mentioned 2(58; .317; 

350; 365; 369; 417; 450; 501; 517; 

copy of account of voyage kept from the Trustees. ... ;367; 

gives account of voyage over 366; 

journal of 361; 

letter from 253 ; 

letter to the Trustees 231 ; 

recommended by Trustees 211 ; 

relating to 349; 

suggested as Register 267. 

Bounties, granted for raising of corn, etc 152. 

Bounty, promised on corn, pease and potatoes 98. 

Bourquin, Henry, mentioned 61. 

Bovey, Margaret, wife of James Burnside 17. 

Bradley, Mr., mentioned 56; 476; 

and his servant, Sinclair 141 ; 

Col. Stephens livinir in hou^'e built by 275; 

thought to be dead, but living iu Carolina 139. 

Brathvpaite, John, Esqr 13. 

Britain, mentioned 271; 4S7. 

Britainers, The, mentioned 477. 

British Colonies, mentioned 332. 

British inhabitants of the Province, mentioned 310. 

British settlement, mentiored 224. 

Brown, Samuel. Capt 123; 105; 190. 

Browntield, John M.. mentioned. .74; 125; 126; 265; 266; 290; 310; 

foreman of the Grand Jury IIS; 

letter to Mr. Harman Yerelst 46. 

Bryant, Capt., mentioned 330. 

Bryers Creek, cowpen at 39. 

Bucannon, Mr., mentioned 440. 

Bull, Gov., mentioned 226. 

Bulson, Capt., mentioned 14. 

Burckholder, Michael, of Hampstead, best }>lanter in the 

Colony 439; 4S5. 

Burghmeistcr (or Burgemeister), Chris, unskilled in silk manu- 
facture 264; 344. 

Burgholders, ^Nfr., a Swi?3 476. 

Burnsidcs, James, mentioned 12G; 

insisted that Col. Stephens be ordered oft' of Bench. .. .125; 

letter to the Trustees 15. 

Burton, Mr., mentioned 400. 

Bush, Edward, a siiccessful %-ineyard grower 157. 

544 Index 

Caesar, tho ship, mcntioi'.ed 11-; 4G6. 

Calvaiiists, tlie, nitntioued -^21. 

Cahvell, Johu, Mr., nwuiloncd 305; ?,0G: 307; 308; 309; 31[); 

Ifltcr to tho Trii<lccd o'2u; 

lettt'r to Mr. l{ari;;an Verelst 4S. 

Cannucl, Capt., mentioned 315. 

Camuse, Mrs., mentioned 313; 343; 

accounts of 212; 

behavior of 14G ; 

continued clamor of, very vexatious 137; 

decided not to go to England 2G3; 

dissatisfied 19S; 

in a better teuiper - 4t'S; 

taught to set a value on self 109. 

Camuse, ]\[r., mentiontnl 264. 

Camuse, Anthony, deserves to be distinguished as a planter. . .471. 

Camuse, Lewis, Mr., tlie silk-winder 15G. 

Camuse, Jamej Lewis, directions relative to 263. 

Canada, French of, meiitioned 331. 

Carolina, mentioned 174; 260; 273; 2S2; 2S4; 294; 324; 354; 

379; 383; 409; 413; 446; 469; 4SS; 493; 

a conspiracy to set fire to city in 190; 

an indigo work set up in 4S3; 

black servants in 415; 

currency, mentioned 12; 

Governor of, mentioned 22S; 3.)! ; 

insurrection of ECi:;rocs in 333; 

King's quit rout of lands in 107; 

negroes in 240; 

prohibition of silk-balls from 202; 

silk-balls purchased from, for Georgia 155; 

Spaniards striving to stir up quarrels in 334; 

treatment of slaves in 57. 

Carpenter, Lord, mentioned S2. 

Carwells, James, a tythingman, mentioned HI; 

letter suppo^-d to be to the Tnistets 113. 

Cash accounts, mentioned 493. 

Causton, Thos.. Mr., nuutioned 9; 66; 74; 82; S3; 96; 112; 120; 

2'<2; 2?3; 2S7; 310; 317; 319; 390; 39S; 509; 513; 515; 52'=<; 

a Bailiff 16 : 

a successful viney.Trd grower 1'7; 

forms alliance with Mr. Jones 397; 

"hath not committed any fraud, etc." 329; 

letter brought to Gen. Oglethorpe from 50S; 

letter to Mr. Verelst and the Truste-^s 526; 

Index 545 

letter to Mr. Ilarman Verclst 426; 

letter to Mr. llarruan Veriest 150; 

Oxtcad, home of 320; 

terms himself a prisoner 450; 

accounts of 509; 51*. 

Charming Betty, Capt. Wedderburu 's ship 103; 19.S. 

Charles Town, Ciiroliua, mentioned. .. .2o; 29; (53; 70; 79; 99; ]05; 
133; 141; 142; UU; 103; 173; 178; 184; 255; 272; 274; 2S2; 
290; 295; 297; 317; 3:H'; 34S; 358; 377; 37S; 379; 383; 3S4; 
3SS; 400; 402; 405; 40S; 409; 417; 421; 4(31; 467; 495; 490; 

49S; 511; 531; 540; 

dangerous to walk late at night in 190; 

the great fire at 174. 

Charter, the, mentioned 50; 51. 

Cherokee Indians, mentioned 224; 

headmen of, appointed to a meeting to choose white- 
men's King 19G. 

Chickasaw Indians, mentioned 22 4; 331. 

Chiggelae, Emperor or Chief of the Creeks 123; 124. 

Cholie, John, ]Mr., mentioned 371. 

Christie, Thoiaas, Mr.. Iveoordcr, mentioned 11; 16; 296; 5!J6; 

letter of peeuiinr style ironi 407; 

letter to Mr. \'ernon 3S0 ; 

record book of 111. 

Church, building of, mentioned 453; 

sum received for building of 77. 

Church of England, mentioned 240; 321. 

Clarke, George, Gov., mentioned 225; 

copy of letter to Gen. Oglethorpe 226; 

letter to the Trustees 330; 

makes effort to bring Indian.s together 223; 224. 

Clee, Samuel, mentioned 7S, 2S0. 

Cleland, JNlr., a personal friend of Mr. Tlopton 3S9. 

CToad, Capt., of the ship "^linerva," mentioned 403; 44S. 

Close, the widow, mentioned 5. 

Cockspur, near Tybee, mentioned 213; 367. 

Collector of Port of Savannah 67. 

Colleton, ]Mr., mentione^l 103; 

sad fate of 134. 

Colony of Georgia, mentioned 4; 81; 88; 118; 121; 128; 152; 153; 163; 
168; 1S2; 1S4; 193; 198; 2C9; 219; 225; 230; 240; 246; 249; 
251; 254; 258; 261; 272; 273; 274; 278; 279; 286; 287; 289; 
292; 298; 303; 304; 321; 322; 330; 332; 333; 336; 347; 348; 
351; 354: 35S: 359: 362; 367; 380; 382; 386; 387; 393; 406; 
407; 409; 412: HS; 421; 427; 42S ; 433; 443; 444; 445; 417; 
455; 457; 460; 472; 476; 478; 479; 480; 482; 484; 485; 486; 
492; 497; 499; 504; 506; 527; 

546 Index 

affairs of ^^^' l^^] 

affairs relating to '^l'^' 

alarmed by descent of enemy '^'_^j 

an accouqi of miserable conditions iu ^'Jj 

annual account of the state of tbe ^J^-^^> 

attitude of Col. Stephens' aou towards the 2'|2; 

change in the ministry suggested -^^^5 

conditions iu, not surprising 3^6; 

comfortable life in '*'-'"• 

constitution of the 193; 2bb; 

contentious iu regard to Trustees ' power in ^-; 

efforts made to keep troubles pertaining to from the 

Trustees ^^^ ' 

estimated expense of ' ' > 

expenses and progress of _-'" ' 

ill situation of affairs in '-'-^' 

improving and peopling the Colony '1^ -; 

improvements and advance of "^^^y 

in a very indigent state ^So; 

land in. what it is capable of yielding 166; 

languishing under so many unhappy evils 35S; 

many things suffer for want of inspection ^?-; 

map of Xorthern Division of ^^4; 

AHehael Burkholder, best planter in 439; 

money for improvement m "- "' 

new survey of, by Capt. Joseph Avery 231 : 

obliged to leave against will '^'^'■^'' 

orphan house in, mentioned -■■'^' 

p;\per coueerning, road at town court 165; 

poor inhabitants of -^ ' 

present troubled state of ^■*' 

^ , , c 150; 

products 01 

public plans of the • • •■*^^' 

reached a crisis, opinion of Gen. Oglethorpe 487; 

required purchasing of stores for its support 514; 

scheme ou foot to ruin "' _ ' 

'Sir Eichard Evcrard raising disturbances in 12<; 

Spaniards defeated in invasion of •^^•"! 

state of the, mentioned 41; 162; 3S9; 405; 

Stephenian or Spanish scheme in regard tc 4C'.j; 

surveyor and inspector of 41^; 

the destruction of, wished by some l*^-? 

the geographical part of the 1' ^' 

total ruin and destruction of, threatened 24( ; 

true state of '^^_^^J' 

vine'', a natural produce of '^"'' 

welfare of the 1^4; IC'.; 

what has been determined concerning ' • 

Index 547 

Commissioners of tlio Customs 534. 

Common Council, relations made concerning tenure of lands.. 5. 

Common of the town, mentioned 53. 

Connor, Thos., Mr., linen draper in King St., Westminster 309. 

Constitution of a President and four Assistants for Savannah . .1.'53. 

Constitution of the Colony, mentioned 193. 

Cook, Lieut. Col., later Atajor, mentioned 49; 324; 32.3; 327. 

Coram, Mr., late Trustee, mentioned 440. 

Cotton Ann, died on voyage over 372. 

Council and Assembly, mentioned 208. 

Council, minutes of the 454. 

Cowetas, principal town of the Lower Creek Nation, men- 
tioned 123; 124; 123. 

Cowpen, the, -mentioned , 220. 

Cox, the widow, mentioned 7. 

Creek Indians, mentioned 123, 224. 

Creeks, Chiggelae, Emperor or Chief of 123; 

Sir Eichard Everard's ottonsive talk to 128. 

Cripple Gate, mentioned 449. 

Cross, William, mentioned 536. 

CTossthwaite, Capt.. of the ship l^^^vTe^ce 133; 407; 442; 4-iS. 

Cuba, mentioned 52, 333. 

Cumberland, horses on, killed by the- Spaniards 492. 

Cumberland Sound, mentioned 496. 

Cuthbert, John, Mr., mentioned 156. 

Darien, town of, mentioned 31; 210; 294; 3S2; 437; 470; 

flourishing 335; 

list of widows at 30 ; 

schoolmaster and minister wanted for 24. 

Davidson, Mr., mentioned 61. 

Davis, Capt., mentioned 323; 324; 325; 326; 327; 

debt of 323, 

Davison, Mr., a Conslablo 464. 

Davison, Samuel, letter to the Earl of Egmont 44; 

refused romraission as Collector and Searcher 45. 

deBeaufaine, ^Lr., mentioned 89. 

DeLeon, Abram, a Jew, mentioned 136, 

successful grower of a vineyard 157. 

Demere, Capt., mentioned 350. 

Desbouvry's Farm, the Trustees' plantation 55; 53; 312. 

D-esbrisay, Capt., mentioned 29: 

found guilty of man-slaughter 50; 

in a quarrel with Capt. Norbury 49. 

Dlas, Mr., a Jew, mentioned 156. 

548 Index 

Dobell, John, Mr., nunitioued 410; 534. 

a bint us tu iiiL-apaeity :us Kcgister 407; 480; 

arrival of 33tJ : 

given appoiuliiieat of Kegister 3-jU; 

letter to Mr. Ilarmau Yerelst 314; 

letter to the Karl of Eginout 4oS; 

letter to the Trustees 432; 

little progress made by 539. 

Dobery, Elisha, Mr., appointed clerk of tlie store o'2i. 

Doble, (see Dobell). 

Dolphin, the, Capt. Frazcr's ship 3S3. 

Dormer, James, a capable pilot, mentioned S; 339; 4o3; 

beha\ ior very commendable 338 

Dormer and Fitzwater, mentioned 3S. 

Douglas. Gcurgo, :^Ir.. mentiuiied 74; 179; 1S3; 296; 371; 

insolent behavior of 55. 

Duche, Andrew, ^Ir., meutioued 76; 77; 78; 1?; 126; 291; 337; 

attorney to Pair. Tellfair and F.dward Jenkins G3; 

behavior and conversation of SI; 

declarations made by SO; 

insisted that Col. Stephens be ordered off of Bench. .. .12.", 

petition or proposal of 86. 

Duchee, (see Duche). 

Dunbar, Capt., mentioned 39; 316; 334; 335; 490; 491; 495; .517; 52(;. 

Dupont, Abraham, Mr., mentioned 371. 

Duroure, Col., a detachment under command of 532. 

Dutch, the. mentioned 477. 

Dutch chiMrL'U. mentioned 43n. 

Dutch j>eople, the, mentioned 43v. 

Dutch schoolmaster, mentioned 43t^ 

Dutch servants, mentioned 4U'. 

Dutch settlement, the, mentioned 43S. 

Dutch Town, the, at White Bluff on the A'ernon River 47.". 

Dyson, Mr., published the "Banns of Matrimony" 431. 

"Eagle, T!;e," Capt. Bong's ship 6?. 

East Indies, mentioned 449. 

Ebenezer, to^vn of, mentioned 3S; 136; 18S; 210; 293; 294; 329; 

4C9; 457; 501; 502; 5 40; 

cowpen at 39 ; 

flourishing 335; 

grown to maturity 470; 

inhabitants of 22; 

>rr. Bo]:?ius. nnnister of 370; 371 ; 

Mr. Thomas Jones, promoter of welfare of --•'>; 

Index 549 

people of 57 . 

people of, own Magistrates 394; 

saw-mill, demolished at 53. 

PJggerton, Thomas, and his grandfather, Thos. Young 443; 

servant to his grandfather, Thos. Young 401. 

Egmont, Lord, mentioned 33G- 

ill, given over to die 441 • 

letter from Mr. Boaufain 529- 

letter from Mr. John Dobell 45S; 

letter from Mr. John A. Terry, Eecordcr of Frederica. . .420 ; 

letter from Samuel Davison 44. 

Eigel, George, mentioned 371, 

Elbert, Mr "........ 319^ 

Elbert, William, letter supposed to be to the Trustees 2S1. 

Ellis, Thomas, Mr., nieutioned 279- 502- 

employed to bring prisoners to Savannah 501; 

petition of g5j_ 

Emery, Peter, mentioned 139; 33S; 339; 

mentioned for branch pilot S. 

England, mentioned. .Iu3; 191; 195; 264; 272; 273; 274; 278; 2S2; 

2S3; 2S4; 285; 2S9; 293; 321; 322; 323; 327; 334; 

33G; 347; 348; 351; 

account of a voyage over, sent to 36ii; 

amounts remitted according to prices in 374; 

bought books from 433- 

cash accounts being prepared to send to 491 ; 

King of, mentioned 123- 2!^S- 

Mrs. Camuse decided not to go to 253; 

risks attending a voyage to 495; 

what is doing concerning the Colony in 385. 

English Indians, mentioned 224. 

English Liberties, mentioned 126. 

Europa, the, Capt. Wadhara's ship 197; 222; 360; 3G3; 369; 375; 

with her cargo of SwibS and Germans 210. 

Europe, mentioned 52 • 4S7 • 4S9. 

Everard, Richard, Sir, mentioned. .59; 77; 107; lOS; 117: 122; 123; 
126; 129; 130; 194; 299; 310; 322; 

comidaints made against 127; 

contentions as to Trustees' power in Colony 92; 

offensive behavior and talk to the Creek Indians 128; 

opinion on Grand Juries 126. 

Eweu, William, mentioned 90; 291; 511; 

accounts of 212; 

attorney to Patrick Tellfair and Edwd. .Jenkins 63; 

a virulent mi^'chief-maker 144; 

claim on tlie Trustees of 510; 

550 Index 

letter to the Trustees 93; 

Major Domo to Capt. Mathews 3i>; 

Bcrvant to Mr. Matthews 295. 

Ewen's accoimt 511. 

Expenses, general "^Sl. 

Expenses of Georgia, menticmcd '>'<, 521. 

Eyre, Thonuns, ;^[^., mentioned 211; 

recommended to make map of the District of Savannah. 142. 

Faget, widow, case at Highgate 6. 

Fallowfield, John, a Bailiff, mentioned 59; 7S; SO; 

111; 119; 121; 126; 129; 175; 27S; 279; 280; 291; 297; 29S; 
299; 303; 312; 327; S2S; 465; 500; 502; 503; 506; 

acted as Naval Officer 467; 

appointed Naval Off'icer 6( ; 

an enemy to Mr. Pye HO; 

and Mr. Pye, associates against the Trustees' authority. 129; 

takes liberty with some instructions 393. 

Fallowfield, Mrs., addressed jury in a case 55; 

votary in a scheme H"- 

Faulson, the, a ship mentioned 10. 

Fee simple of land ^92; 29S. 

Ferguson, an indented servant asked after by his mother 141. 

Finley, Wm. Atchison, appointed Constable 206. 

Fitzwater, Joseph, a successful vineyard grown 157. 

Fort Augusta, Lieut, of, 'Mr. Kent 319. 

Fort Venture, the melancholy aci'-ount of 437. 

Foulds, John, cultivation of Desbovery Farm, under direction of 56. 

Fox, Walter, letter to the Trustees 81. 

Fleetwood ^Master, a sloop from New York 3S. 

Florida, mentioned 2S; 52; 325; 445; 

Spanish forts destroyed 335. 

Francis, NVrn., Indians murdered wife and child of 437. 

Eraser, Capt.. of the ship "Dolphin" 3S3. 

Fraser, Mr., Mr. Mackensie's partner 122. 

Frederica, town of, mentioned 29; 60; 61; 79; 92; 131; 142; 

148; 196; 205; 208; 214; 215; 217; 294; 299; 300; 305; 306; 
317: 325; 327; 335; 337; 342; 344; 364; 377; 386; 387; 391; 
392; 39S; 405; 406; 437; 442; 464; 491; 497; 505; 508; 521; 

527; 532; 

as to what is done in 461; 

considerably fortified since last attack 533; 

magistracy of •^^^' 

magistrate of, Mr. Samuel Perkins -' "» 

proceedings relating to seizure of a negro slave at.... 31; 

Index 551 

Recorder of, Mr. Jo. A. Terry 420; 

servants very nccosbary to •^^0; 

store accounts at 60; 

wants schoolmaster for 24. 

Freeboldors of Colony 57, 40*3, 412; 

tratYieking of lots among ~>36. 

French, mentioned IPO; 22 t; .332; 477; 

of Canada, manner of iuflneneing Indians 331; 

presents given Indians yearly by 227. 

Fury, Mr., mentioned 31, 399. 


Garrel, Dr., affairs of 6. 

Gascoign, Capt., mentioned 523. 

Georgia, Province of, mentiored. . . .21; 42; 52; SS; 161; 1G2; 170; 

174; 1S4; 2S2; 294; 332; 347; 391; 392; 393; 395; 4S(5; 491; 

499; 522; o29; 530; 534. 

affairs or transactions in 116; 

as dear a place to live in as London 261; 

a true state of 160; 

"A True State of the Province of "'.... 167; 

commissioners in 508; 

expenses in 521 ; 

first account of enemy lauding in 496; 

impossibility of living without more liberty in 169; 

inadvisability of the use of negroes in 443; 

increase of silk in 155; 

inhabitants of, mentioned 3Sb; 

lands reported hardly of any value "O; 

many want to settle in 394; 

many who came to settle in, going back to England. . . .322; 

"Narrative of the State of" 1P6; 

no place as famous for artifice and deceit 3(36; 

orphau-house in 1*^'^; 238; 

orphans of ~^^i 

prize offered by Trustees for first pipe of wine made in. .157; 

products of the ^50; 

short account of some transactio.:s in 2SS; 

some who style themselves "agents of the people" 457; 

Spaniards stay in 497; 

stirrers up of discord left the l"2; 

the plough instead of the hoe 159; 

"The Kemoustranee of the Inhabitants, etc." 163; 

the transaction in I'^^J 

the Trustees ' interests in ^1 5 

Thos. Stephens styles himself agent of the people 3S1 ; 

treatv between Indians of great consequence 225. 

552 Index 

Georgie Paekett, the, Capt. MeCIcllan 's ship 405 ; 448. 

Georgia, the Brigantine, mentioned 400. 

George Town, mentioned 11. 

German clockmaker at Ebeuezer, mentioned 3S. 

German families 21u. 

German newcomers 214. 

German servants 452- 

indiKstrious and well behaved 56. 

Germans, mentioned 31; 136; 190; 217; 

a few settled in a little village 356; 

lamentable account of 209; 

from Rotterdam 24; 

Bad condition of 222. 

Germany, mentioned 210; 456; 457; 4S9. 

Gibbons, Mr., mentioned 440. 

Gibraltar, the, man of war, mentioned 529. 

Glen, Gov., the Trustees' directions relating to 20S. 

Goddard. John, a most profligate extravagant young man 536; 537. 

Goldwire, .Tohn, indictment preferred against 120. 

Gooch, Gov., mentioned 226; 227. 

Government of Virginia, gave presents to the Six Nations 227; 

mentioned 333. 

Governor of Carolina, mentioned 22S. 

Governor of St. Augustine, mentioned 225; 437. 

Governors of Virginia and Carolina 331. 

Gowan, Capt., "a kinder man there never was" 314. 

Graham, Patrick, Dr 38; 156; 499; 

mulberry trees bought for distribution of 132. 

Grand .Turies, Sir Richard's opinion on 126. 

Grange, Hugh, Capt., mentioned 13. 

Grant, Andrew, mentioned 119. 

Grant, Peter, ^fr., mentioned 67. 

Grant, Mr., mentioned 175^ 177; 

insolent behavior of .55. 

Grant and Co., an account of 140. 

Grants of land 172- 260. 

Gray, Mr., mentioned 369; 

the Higlilanders ' conductor 362. 

Grest rharter of English Liberties, the first 120. 

Great Senl, the 107. 

Green, .John, mentioned 1- 13. 

Greeory. Capt.. of the "Susannah" 463. 

Gronau. Kev. Mr., mentioned 252; 321 ; 

letter to Mr. Verelst 455. 

Guarica on Hespaniola, mentioned 225. 

Gunner of Savannah, Walter Fox, mentioned S2. 

Index 553 


Habersham, Mr., mentioned 341; 392; 393; 391; ■ir)3; 

imprisoned 39 j . 

indicted by Grand Jury 301. 

Hales, Rev. Dr., mentioned 33(3, 

HaJliu, Samuel, Capt., of the ship, "the Richard" 45S. 

Hamilton, Mr., pretended English schoolmaster 252. 

Hammerton, John, Mr., mentioned 11; 12; 93; 107; lOS; 534- 

affairs of ;] v;g . 

Secretary of the Province 533. 

Hampstead, village of, mentioned 210; 434; 438- 439- 471. 

Hampton, village of, mentioned 3;j5, 

Hauner, Nichs., letter in regard to 262. 

Harding, John and widow Spencer refused to allow Mr. Norris 

to marry them 431_ 

Harramond, Capt., mentioned 100; 197; 201; 312- 404. 

Harris, Francis, mentioned 57. 

examined by the Grand Jury ]24. 

Harric, Wrn. Fras., mentioned 320- 321- 329- 

opinion on conditions in the Colony 322. 

nav.-kius, Thus. Dr., iiiculiuued 28; 62; G3 ; 300; 305; 30G; 3!'7; 

308; 309; 35(3; 3SS; 463; 

accounts of 6 j . oj^. 

demands made by 31 . 

letter from 403 • 

letter to Mr. Verelst 


letter to Trustees 593 • 

papers relating to, in Mr. Jones' keeping 343; 

threatens Mr. Jones 60- 

unfair dealings with the Trustees 4,53. 

Hazlefoot, James, a very idle fellow 141. 

Hector de Beaufain, Monsieur, mentioned lOS; 194. 

Hespaniola, Guarica ou 225. 

Highgate, mentioned 434. 43s. 471. 

case at f; 

Highland Company, the 2J. 

Highland Rangers, Troop of 30. 

Highlanders, condition ou arrival of 14S; 

the, mentioned 210; 362; 363; 3G9 ; 370. 

Highlands of Scotland, mentioned 271; 414. 

Holmes, Francis, Mr., mentioned 13- 195 • 19G. 

Holzendorf , Dr., mentioned 3.-(3. 

Hopes. Messr.. mentioned 24. 

Hopton, William, Mr., mentioned 9; 69; 70; 73; 103; 100; 133; 

137; 140; 142; 197; 198; 315; 316; 388; 407; 

letter to Harman Vere]?t 10; 

letter to Mr. Harman Verelst 93. 

55-i Index 

Horsey, Gov., meutioncd 208. 

flortoD, Capt., mentioned 430- ^.-^i, 

Horton, Mr., (once Governor), mentioned 2C; 2S; 61. 

House of Commons, mentioned 290- 4'33- 

Gen. Oglethorpe's petition to 409; 

proceedings occasioned by vile petitions 44S. 

Houston, Patrick, Mr., mentioned 298; £99 • 476. 

Houstown, Mr., conservator of the jjeace 5. 

Indian Affairs, Secretary of, mentioned 254- 268- 295. 

Indian Nation, mentioned 343 

Indian slaves of Mr. Mathe^vs 329. 

Indian traders, mentioned 123; 206; 209- 269- 504- 507. 

Indians, mentioned 208; 225; 227; 331; 493;' 510;' 511; 

concerning provisions for f 335- 

given care while sick (33. 404. 

goods intended for 495. 

Gov. Clark's whole aini, to make peace between 224; 

Spanish destroy Fort Venture 437- 

Spaniards striving to stir up quarrels with white 
people, and 334 . 

the Six Nations of 330. 

Indigo work, a, set up in Cnrolina 453. 

Irish inhabitants of the Province 310. 

Isle of Hope, mentioned 17-. 

Isle of Wight, mentioned 31S_ 

Jacobs Law Dictionary, mentioned 126 

Jamaica, mentioned 333 . 343 • 4>s7 . 53--« 

Jenkins, Edward, mentioned 39. 4,-1- 

affidavit of q_^ 

Jenkins' debt to the Trusloos 83. 

luxurioiis liviuo- nt 17,3 

Jennys, Mr., troublesome about accounts 9. 

Jeykyll Sound, mentioned 333. j[p(3_ 

Johnson, Mr., once industrious man now idle and in debt 505. 

Jolift". Mary, changed husbands three times 372. 

Jones, Noble, Mr.. Surveyor, mentioned 16; 177; 1S4; 50S; S'lO; 

a successful vineyard grower 157. 

Jones, Thos., Mr. Trustees' strorekeeper and a Magistrate, men- 
tioned 3; 9; -[l; 29; 30; 4S; 71; 73: f9; 96; 97; 0^; 

107; 108; 110; 111; 112; 114; 124; 136; 152; 157; lS3;'lS6-! 

Index 555 

202; 203; 204; 205; 207; 271; 279; 2S0; 301; 304; 308; 317; 
339; 342; 343; 344; 373; 3S7; 391; 392; 393; 427; 442; 454; 

455; 465; 509; 521; 

appointed storekeeper 96- 

appointed to issue Sola Bills 85; 

arrival from Frederica 3S4- 

asks protection against some who seek to ruin 60; 

at a difference with ^^^. Parker 89- 

a very obstinate fellow 510; 

Col. Stephens and Mr. Watson advise arrest of 527; 

concerning accounts 406- 

copy of letter to Gen. Oglethorpe 79; 

copy of letter to Harman VereLst 318; 

discharged from the Magistracy 441 ; 

design against 334 • 

forms an alliance vrith Mr. Caiiston 397; 

indicted for felony 300; 

John Pye's accuser 112; 

letter from 116- 

letter to Mr. Ilarman Yerolst 288; 

letter to Mr. Harman Yerelst 491; 

letter to Mr. Harmar. Vereist 494; 

letter to Mr. Harman Vereist 53; 

letter to Mr. Harman Vereist 59 ; 

letter to Mr. Harman Veriest 91- 

letter to Hon. Oglethorpe 38; 

likened unto Lucifer 398; 

overseer of Trustees * servants 53 ; 

promoter of Ebenezer's welfare 223- 

referred to as •' ' that old rogue " 299 ; 

unjust proceedings of 95, 

Junto, the, a publication at Charles Town 73; 

the remnant of 80. 

Keedaway Narrows, mentioned 537. 

Kent, Richard. Capt 90; 

bill of indictment against 122; 

given appointment by Gen. Oglethorpe 122; 

letter to Gen. OglethorfK3 195; 

Lieut, at Fort Augusta 319; 320. 

Kieffer, John Frederick, Earl, mentioned 485. 

King and Council 381. 

King of England, mentioned 123 ; 291 ; 529; 532; 

an act being prepared for the ai>probation of 208. 

King's quit rent of lands 107. 



556 Index 

King's stores 296. 

King's works, men spared from, to build house for Mr. Terry.. 350. 
Klockers, Bernhard, mentioned 371. 

Lanielonicre, Col., mentioned 533, 

Land in the Colony, mentioned 70; 191; 192; 333; 352; 

a request for a grant of 15; 

for religious uses 53; 

gains from, insufficient to maintain servants 97; 

grants of 172; 200; 

in regard to 276; 

near coast, sandy and poor 158 ; 

Surveyor of, Mr. Joseph Avery, appointed 433; 

tenure of 5; 142; 291; 404; 

too saudy to yield good products 150; 

what it yields 166. 

Landholders, meiuioned 191; 

but few in the Province 17; 

ordered to represent their cases 113. 

Lawley, Mr., mentioned 523. 

Ijawreuce, the, Capt. Crossthwuile's ship 133. 

Lee, Small, mentioned 430. 

Lemon, Capt., of the ship "Loyal Judith" 149; 197; 206; 213; 

215; 310; 361; 362; 364; 365; 370; 375; 370; 

behavior of 14S; 

said to bo void of sentiment towards humanity SOS. 

Levy & Solomon, Messrs., mentioned 10; G9. 

Lighthouse, at Savannah, best building of its kind in America. .494; 

new one being built SO. 

List of complainers looked into 173. 

List of deaths 436. 

List of drafts drav.-n on Trustees by Gen. Oglethorpe 492. 

List of the freeholders 519. 

List of inhabitants of all the towns, etc., of Georgia 160. 

List of the inhabitants, etc., made for the Trustees 162. 

List of produce of corn, pease, and potatoes raised iu Geori^ia, a 463. 

Lloyd, Harry, mentioned C. 

Loach. Mr., nicniioned 375. 

London, mentioned 221; 250; 261; 290; 316; 364; 371; 392; 394; 

409; 413; 421; 4 SO. 

Long. Capt., of the sloop "Eagle" 6S. 

Louch, Mr., mentioned 217; 

made short stay and wont South 21 G. 

Lovat Lord, mentioned 272. 

"Loyal Judith," Capt. Lemon's ship, mentioned .... 197; 206; 207; 

28,5; 316; 370; 373. 

Index 557 

Loyer, Adrian, a successful viueyard grower 157. 

Lumber, grown for exportation 151. 

Lutheran churches, mentioned 501, 

Lutheran minister, and a family of Saltzburghers related to.... 405. 

Lutherans, mentioned 321. 

Lyde, John, Mr., mentioned 290. 


McClellan, Capt., of the ship "Georgia Paekett" 403; 405 j 44S. 

McHugh, Capt., mentioned .262. 

McLinnen, Mr., mentioned 483. 

MePhcrson, Jas., Capt., mentioned 2S2. 


Maceay, Mistress, mentioned 126. 

Maccay, Mr. (or Maekay), mentioned S9; 126. 

Macdonald, Norman, mentioned 371. 

Maekay, Catherine, died on voyage over 372. 

Maekay, Cbas., Lieut., assisted in defeat of Spaniards 3S2. 

Maekay, Dan'l, at St. Andrews 327; 

copy of claim of 342. 

Maekay, Paniel, a laborer, who died on voyage over 371. 

Maekay, Hugh, Lieut., a well known gentleman and free- 
holder 301; 497; 

Captain of the Highland Rangers 30. 

Maekay, James, Capt., Lieut., mentioned 399. 

Maekay, Patrick, mentioned 36; 273; 499; 

demands made by 343. 

Maekay, Capt.. mentioned 107; 323. 

Maekay, Mr., insisted that Col. Stephens be ordered off of 

Bench 125. 

Maekay 's sloop, mentioned 280. 

Mackensie, Kenneth, bill of indictment against 122. 

Madeira, wine comes from iS7. 

Magdnline, the, Capt. Peacock 's ship 415. 

Magistrate and Collector of Port of Savannah, Mr. Fallow- 
field 36. 

Magistrate of Frederica, Mr. Samuel Perkins 27. 

Magistrates, and inhabitants, continual complaints against. .. .4S6; 

claim power to take children from Orphan-house. .392; 393; 

gowns used by, mentioned 419; 

of Savannah, mentioned 395; 502; 

relating to the 4S9. 

Map of Northern Division of the Province 1S8. 

.1 .:!;4ijii .u^-i-^cU 

. o'juf /«n'T 

/. >o 

558 Index 

Map of tho District of Savaunali, Tiios. Eyre recouiaieDded 

to nuiko 142. 

Man-er, Mr., nieutioncd 290; 291; 507. 

Alarriot, Thos., iiieutioncd 305; 308; 309. 

Martyii, Beuj., Mr., nicntiouo.l 4.1; JOi); i:>2; 134; 136; 145; 

277; 431; 4S5; 

copy of letter from Mr. ;Slei)lien3 401 ; 

letter from Wni. Stephens 442; 

letter from Mr. Stephens 101. 

Maryland, settlement of 226. 

Mathews, Jacob, montioned 77; 126; 175; 177; 291; 295; 

303; 329; 345; 500; 

death of, mentioned 410; 

makes attack on Col. Stephens 218; 

in ('1o?e conference with the remnant of the Junto SO. 

Mathews, Mrs., mentioned 79. 

Mercer, Samuel, Mr., mentioned 476, 498; 

a successful vineyard grower 157. 

Mercy, the, Capt, Wright's ship 102; 133. 

Metcalf, Mr., mentioned 7. 

Methodist teachers, mentioned 229, 

Methodists, mentioned 211; 

rude and unchristian behavior of 22S. 

Midway, village of, mentioned 210. 

Military affairs, mentioned 1J4; 488. 

Militia, mentioned SO; 378; 

commander of, mentioned 42S; 

mustered to be ready for action 43S. 

Millage, John, director of servants employed on Trustees' 

plantation 54. 

Mill-stones, sent by the Trustees 222, 

Minerva, the, C.ipt. Cload "s ship 403; 448. 

Minis, Mr., mentioned 38. 

Minister, a, needed 144. 

Ministry, change in, thought necessary 3ti6; 

in England, a change ii: 59. 

Molicr, Peter, mentioned 65; 

lately a freeholder of Savannah 64. 

Moore, Fraticis, ^^r., mcntioncl 27; 60; 301; 325; 

letter to Ilarman Verelst 399. 

Moore, \\'illiam, mentioned 305; 308; 309. 

Morel], Mr., keeper of a public house 32.S. 

Morel! 's, mentioned 293; 2!'5; 299; 303; 327; 

an unlicensed punch house' 291. 

Mountaigut, Mr., mentioned 324; 

death of, at plantation in Carolina 324 

Mountaigiit, Mrs., mentioned 323; 324; 325; 32G 

Index 559 

Mount on Tower Hill, mentioned 271. 

Mount Pleasant, mentioned 39. 

Moy-Toy, Emperor of the Cherokees, deceased 196; 

killed by the Back Enemy 224. 

Mulberry industry, mentioned 2G-1 ; 2G5; 

orchard, a 341 ; 

plantations liJC; 

planting of, referred to 4GS ; 

plants, relating to 410; 

trees, relating to 132; 153; 154; 155; 192. 

Murray, Ann, died on voyage over 372. 


"Narrative of the State of Georgia" 106. 

Narrative or infamous libel published 94. 

Naval Officer, Mr. Fallowfield appointed 67. 

Negro mongers, envious of German servants 57. 

Negro servants, mentioned 478; 

Negro slaves, mentioned 78; SO; 

proceedings relative to the seizure of, at Frederica. . . . 31. 

Negroes, mentioned 105; 159; 17S; ISo; 1S9; 191; 278; 291; 

298; 33;!; 347; 34S; 444; 445; 446; 477; 

concerning 443; 

free use of, mentioned 164; 

in Carolina 246; 

insulting 190; 

insurrection of, in Carolina 333; 

reported thi^.l Parliament had granted use of 70; 

rules applying to 447; 

wanted badly in Colony 479; 

when allowed 480. 

New England, mentioned 333 

Newgate, mentioned 403, 

New Jersey, settleMcut of 226. 

Newman, Henry, letter in regard to Dr. Thilo 251. 

New survey of this Colony, Capt. Joseph Avery 231. 

New York, mentioned 190; 226; 333; 354; 399; 417; 450; 

trading sloops from, spoken of 207 ; 

provisions from 492. 

Norbury, Capt., in a quarrel with Capt. Desbrisay 49. 

Norbury, Mrs., mentioned 50; 

written to, about quarrel between Capt. Desbrisay and 

Capt. Norbury 49. 

Norrice, Eev. M^r., mentioned 48. 

Norris, Mr., mentioned 7; 78; 117; 122; 297; 322; 431; 4r<7; 

busy in promoting a petition 88 ; 

560 Index 

declarations sent to England concerning 523; 

relating to character of S7 ; 

vile report ou -iSO. 

North America, mentioned -IST. 

Obryan, KeneJy, mentioned 78; 122; 123. 

OgeecLee Kiver, mentioned 15; ISS; 281; 413; 

Saltzburgher.s settled on 152. 

Oglethorpe, Gen. James Edward, founder and commander of the 

Colony of Georgia, mentioned 12; 13; 15; 16; 34; 

53; 54; 59; 66; 67; 92; 97; 98; 112; 114; 122; 157; 1S9; 

203; 205; 208; 209; 210; 251; 280; 282; 287; 294; 295; 296; 

299; 301; 304; 309; 316; 319; 320; 323; 324; 325; 326; 331; 

332; 350; 357; 301; 372; 392; 393; 394; 429; 437; 455: 497; 
505; 508; 519; 521; 531; 532; 

advice of, sought by Mr. Causton 427 ; 

an advertisement of an address to 500; 

copy of letter from Mr, Clarke 226; 

copy of letter from Mr. Jones 79; 

copy of letter to Mr. Verelst 131; 

debts incurred or disbursements made by 493; 

duplicate of a letter to the Trustees 3S2; 

generous and fatherly towards tho Colony 75; 

inspired with matchless conduct 423; 

letter from Capt. Kent 195; 

letter from Mr. Jones 3S; 

letter to Mr. Verelst 30; 

letter to Mr. llarman Verelst 493; 

letter to Mr. Verelst 45o: 

letter to the Trusices 332; 

letter to the Trustees 23; 

letter to the Trustees 223; 

letter ta the Trustees 51 ; 

letter to the Trustees 49 ; 

letter to, unsigned 76; 

makes use of negro slaves on his own plantation 7?; 

Mr. Causton laid case fully before 527; 

public letter of thanks to 460; 

referred to 3?6. 


Oglethorpe 's Regiment, mentioned 373. 

Olive trees, grown in Public Garden 157. 

Opinion in law, published, signed R. Evcrard 127. 

Order of Council, touching the form of prayer for the Royal 

Family 69. 

Ormstone, Thomas (or Orniiston), mentioned 55; 291; 313. 

Index 561 

Orphan-house of Georgia, mentioned 100; 173; 177; 229; 234; 

236; 23S; 240; 241; 243; 252; 3ul; 321; 395; 

an addition to the Colony 394; 

concerning management of 453; 

Magistrates claim power to take children from.... 392; 393; 

Mr. Whitefield asks for management of 393; 

reflections on management of 231 ; 

. superintendents of 240. 

Orphans of Georgia, mentioned 239; 240; 

support and religious education of 229. 

Orton, Rev. Mr., mentioned 317; 365; 374; 391; 432; 435; 437; 

a controversy betAveen the superintendents of Orphan- 
house and 239; 240; 

death of 436; 

letter to the Trustees 228; 

taken management of school 230; 

very diligent 211. 

Orton, Eowiand, sent for by brother to help with school 230. 

Oxtead, home of Mr. Causton 320. 

Papists, profes~.ed, mentioned 322. 

Papot, James, a successful vineyard grower 157. 

Paterson, Kobt., mentioned CO, 

Parker, Henry, Mr. (Bailifi'), mentioned 16; 59; 90; 107; lOS; 

111; US; 119; 124; 125; 126; 128; 177; 203; 279; 290; 291; 

292; 297; 299; 300; 3ul; 327; 32S; 329; 387; 427; 451; 498; 

500; 503; 504; 506; 5ii7; 509; 510; 513; 514; 515; 527; 

an enemy to Mr. Pye 110; 

appointed to issue Sola Bills 85; 

at a difFerenee with Mr. Jones 89; 

prevailed upon to join in scheme with Mr. "Williams. .. .117 ; 

renews former alliance with Mr. Faliowfield 208; 

successful vineyard grower 157; 

takes liberty with some instructions 393. 

Parliament, mentioned 102; 291; 202; 3S5; 450; 4C3; 

an unhappy blow from 3S6; 

good success met with by Trustees 403; 

members of, mentioned 456; 

report in regard to use of negroes 70. 

Pearce, Jame-s, Capt., a merchant in London 13. 

Pelham, Mr., mentioned 4 10. 

Penrose, John, ilr., mentioned 294. 

Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, mentioned 319; 

settlement of 226. 

Perkins, Samuel, a ^^agistrate, mentioned 404; 

letter to the Trustees 25. 

5C2 Index 

I'ertterson, Capt., of the sloop "Pergussus " 46. 

Petition, a, being promoted 88; 

list of items set forth in 78. 

Philadelphia, Peun., mentioned 319. 

Philip, Mr., insolent behavior of 55. 

Pomegranite hedges, a dispute over 105. 

Popery, the religion by law 241. 

Port of Savannah, mentioned 37. 

Port Koyall in Carolina, mentioned 37, 317, 487, 497. 

Pottery work, Mr. Duchee 's 80. 

Prize Sloop, Capt. Dunbar's ship, mentioned 31G; 336; 42U; 

422; 517; 

departure of 417. 

Proceedings of the Court, meutioned 118, 517. 

Products of the Colony of Georgia 150. 

Providence, an island formerly called Ivotton-Possrom 15; 17. 

"Providence of Georgia, a True State of the" 167; 

mentioned 239; 334; 4S6; 

arguments in regard to means of defence of 531; 

general survey to the South of 411; 

likelier to succeed than ever 23; 

orphans in, abuse made of donations for 229; 

the attempted invasion of, by the Spaniards 30. 

Province of South Carolina, mentioned 64. 

Prussia, mentioned 457. 

Public Garden, the, meutioned 156; 

produce qrown in 157. 

Public stores, mentioned 1^6. 

Purrysburgh (or Purysburgh), village of, mentioned 379; 

consists of two sorts of people 190. 

Pye, John, Recorder of Savannah, mentioned 5; 78; 96; 369; 

a charge in behavior of 13S; 

and Mr. Fallowfield, associates against the Trustees' 
authority 129; 

clerk to the President 142 ; 

letter to the Trustees 130; 

letter to tlie Trustees 277; 

letter to the Trusteca 109. 

Pye, Mrs., votary in a scheme 117. 


Quit rents, mentioned 11; 12; 78; 404. 


Ragshell, ^fr., mentioned 272; 273. 

Ear John, mentioned 39. 

Index 563 

Reaser, Mr., mentioned 501. 

Recorder, of Frederica, Mr. John A. Terry 420 

of Savannah, Mr. John Pye 95 

what the business of the, is 109 

Regiment at Augustine, people who served in ISl 

certificate for the clothing of 31 

Register, John Terry appointed 519 

Mr. Bosomworth recommended for ofl'ice of 2(38 

Mr. Dobeli unfit for task as 480 

incapacity as, hinted at 407 

office of 265; 433 

of grants of the town of Savannah 255; 

of Province, Mr. John Brownfield, unable to perform 
duties as 47; 

of Savannah. Mr. Thos. Bosomworth 254; 

of the Colony 53S. 

Reimsporger, Mr., conductor of tlie newly arrived Swiss end 

Germans 222. 

Religion, mentioned 22S; 243; 247; 322; 

calviuistical principle? of 4S4 ; 

distractions zealously fomented by Methodists 211; 

essays on 26S ; 

scheme of 240. 

Religious and civil matters 7. 

"Remonstrance of the Inhabitants of the Town and County of 

Savannah, etc., the" 163. 

Ferirescnfotion or petition to his Majesty 77. 

Rice, Lawr., mentioned 319; 320. 

Richard &: Alithea, a ship, mentioned 14. 

Richard, the, Capt. Samuel Hallin's ship 458. 

Richard, Sir (Everard), mentioned 78. 

Rieulen, Conrade. died en-route to Colony 264. 

Rigbye, Nicholas, a servant of Col. Stephens 212. 

Rhine, the river, mentioned 21. 

Roberts, Tliomns. villnin. eivou chance to reform 00. 

Rodgers, ]\lr., mentioned 407. 

Rodgers, Capt., mentioned 448. 

Rogers, commander of the "Snow Hector," a ship 285. 

Ross, Alexander, bewails his folly 505. 

Ross. Gen., mentioned 272. 

Rotton-Possom, an island cnlled 15. 

Royal Family, relating to the form of prayer to be used by. . . . 69. 
Rum, mentioned 78; 291; 29S ; 4S7; 

act against the importation of 280; 

publicly drank 486. 

564 Index 

Kussell, William, clerk, mentioned 57; 306; 503; 

examined by the Grand Jury 124; 

Mr. Jones ' bookkeeper 99. 

Rutledge, Mr., mentioned 11, 93. 

St. Andrevrs, mentioned 327; 486; 

work at 30. 

St. Augustine, mentioned 52; 

expedition to 114; 

Governor of 225 ; 437 ; 

Indians making incursions up walls of 225; 

war against 224. 

St. Gall in Switzerland (or St. Gal), mentioned 484; 534. 

St. Phillip Guard Sloop, mentioned 226. 

St. Sebastians, mentioned 13. 

St. Simons, mentioned 20S; 355; 377; 3S3; 3S4; 440. 

Salitrum seed, mentioned 139; 

bottle of, received 345. 

Sallis (Sruis or Sailit.c), Autonia, and family afflicted v^-ith 

sickness 217; 

death of 375. 

Saltzburgbers, the, mentioned 21; 100; 136; 222; 264; 

345; 362; 3G9; 477; 

account of voyage over 363 ; 

arrival of 253 ; 

chest for 140; 

chest from the Trustees 103; 

landed in good health 1-^S; 

loan made to, by Gen. Oglethorpe 75; 

new transport of 221 ; 

relating to a family of 405; 

settled and doing nicely 209; 

settled on the O.coeohee River l-"'2; 

the newcomers ?H. 

Snndvs. Mr., mentioned 44Q. 

Savannah, mentioned 15: 16; 31; 57; 77; 102; 122; 133; 141; 

152; 162; 172; 173; 175; 20S; 213; 222; 223; 251; 252; 2S9; 
290; 293; 296; 300; 301; 302; 304; 319; 320; 323; 324; 326; 
327; 3.34; 346; 358; 361: 362; 361; 370; 372; 373; 375; 3S2; 
391; 413; 425; 431; 470; 495; 496; 497; 49S; 499; 501; 5'^'2: 
503; 507; 508; 511; 513; 516; 519; 521; 527; 5:; 7: 

arrival of Mr. Thos. Stephens in 129; 

collector of tho Port of 67; 

destruction of Spaniards' scheme •''^-; 

examination of accounts at 526; 

Index 565 

garden and farm lots 411; 

Gen. Oglethorpe's plantation some miles from 7S; 

Gunner of, Walter Fox 82; 

"human snakes much more dangerous than rattlers in" 149; 

ill success of attempt to build vineyard at 357; 

Indians in 225; 

list of the inhabitants of, sent Trustees 113; 

■ Magistrates of 395; 

Mr. Avery making map of 269; 

Mr. Jones to avoid imprisonment went to 512; 

Mr. Thoi. Bosomworlh, Kegister of 254, 

new Bailiff of, contracting debts right and left 50G; 

population of, much reduced 409; 

Port of 37; 

proceedings of the Court of 464; 

public magazines at 370; 

public notice in regard to certificates at 320, 

Eeeorder of, Mr. John Pye 95; 3'39; 

Register of the town 255; 

River, mentioned ISS; 

a better channel discovered 214 ; 

Mr. Graham 's plantation on 132 ; 

spoken of, as being whole Province of Georgia 480; 

sustained great loss in death of the Eev. Mr. Ortou. . . .430; 

"The Remonstrance of the Inhabitants of the Town and 
County of, etc" 163; 

town court of 381 ; 

township of 192, 

Saw-mill at Ebenezer, mentioned 53. 

Saxby, George, mentioned 11; 107. 

Saxe, Gotha, in South Carfolina 222. 

Schoolmaster, the want of one 229. 

Scotch Club, remnant of the 70; 219. 

Scotland, mentioned 272, 499, 

Highlands of 414. 

Scudamore, a ship, mentioned 103; 

bound for Bristol, supposed to have been lost Ifil. 

Seal of the Court 1G1. 

Seal, the town 168. 

Secretary of Province, Mr. Ilammcrton 533. 

Secretary to Trustees, accusations made against 163; 

base assertions made concerning 1G2. 

Servants, mentioned 136; .353; 354; 302; 459; 454; 47S; 480; 

black, mentioned ,' 477; 

care given sick 424; 

Dutch, mentioned 41G; 

a town settled for, at White Bluff 415; 

566 Index 

German, a town settled for, at White Bluff 410; 415; 

gains from land insufficient for maintenance of 97; 

Trustees', mentioned 341; 453; 

remarks concerning 176 ; 

very necessary to Frederica 490; 

want of 404; 

want of, a jierjietual obstruction 355; 

white, mentioned 191; 393; 444; 477. 

Seward, Mr., mentioned 12S. 

Ship building 272; 

yards for 413. 

Silk affair, the, mentioned 468 ; 471 ; 

and wine 44; 137; 

balls from Carolina prohibited 202; 

balls, weighing of, mentioned 212; 

chest of sent to the Trustees 104; 201; 

culture, unquestionably the product of the Colony 263; 

greater part wound in Georgia, from balls purchased 
from Carolina 155; 

manufa?ture of, mentioned 146; 

in relation to 108; 

production of 153; 

winding, the art of 344; 

worms, mentioned 1 54 ; 

a book on 139; 

seed, mentioned 153; 264. 

Silver Blutf. mentioned 438. 

Silver Street near Crip[>le Gate, mentioned 449. 

Simpson, John, Mr. (Capt.), mentioned 149; 214; 215; 216; 217; 

364; 372; 373; 374; 375; 376; ?.90. 
Simpson, maiden name of girl who married Thos. Stephens. .. .474. 
Sinclair, ^^■illinm. mentioned 141; 

ran away with Mr. Bradley 139. 

Six Nations Indians, mentioned 224; 226; 227; 330; 3."1. 

Skia Gunsta, of Kcowee, mentioned 19''. 

Skidowa, Wm. Ewen lives at 510. 

Slaves, mentioned 52; 159; 191; 531. 

Slaves in Carolina, the treatment of 57. 

Slaves, overstocking the country with 530. 

Smith, James, mentioned 5. 

Smith, John. Mr., mentioned 400. 

Smith, Mr., mentioned 526. 

Smithers. Mr., bearer of petition "8. 

Snow, Capt.. taken by the enemy 401 ; 

mentioned 160; 402. 

Snow Hector, the, a ship commanded by Capt. Rogers 2St. 

Index 567 

Sola Bills, mentioned 3; 4; 12; 13; 107; 132; 145; 203; 204; 

206; 215; 210; 218; 337; 387; 521; 

Messrs. Jones ajid Parker and Stephens, appointed to 

issue 85. 

Solomon & Levy, Messrs., mentioned 10. 

Somner, Mr., a complete master of his business 80. 

South Carolina, mentioned 15'j; 103; 

Province of, mentioned 04 ; 

Saxe Gotha in 222. 

Spain, mentioned 479; 

war with, mentioned 400. 

Spaniards, mentioned 132; 190; 193; 224; 226; 3S3; 384; 409; 

414; 443; 445; 487; 532; 

defeated in invasion of Colony 3S2; 

- invasion of 400; 192; 

made an invasion in earnest 377; 

made attempt upon island 419; 

receiving re-inforcement from Cuba 52; 

stay in Georgia 497 ; 

the attempted invasion of Province by 30 ; 

the late attack by 428; 

the underhand actions of 23; 

war with, mentioned 493. 

Spanish alarms, cause of people retiring to plantations 409. 

Spanish emissaries, mentioned 4S6; 

stirring up discontent among people 52. 

Spanish faction 's last effort at Savannah 334. 

Spanish forts destroyed 335. 

Spanish Indians, destroyed Fort Venture 437. 

Spanish invasion 425 ; 522 ; 

an account of 496. 

Spanish officers taken prisoners 334. 

Spanish privateer sloop, arrival off bar of Augustine celebrated 225. 

Spanish scheme of new-modeling the Colony 495. 

Sparks, appoJutment of, recalled 3S1. 

Spencer, William, mentioned 442, 50S; 

appointed Bailiff 387; 


39 I 

ill 406: 

letter to Mr. Ilarman Verelst 516; 

sick ever since arrival in Colony 3?7. 

Spithead, mentioned 307. 

Steed, Mr. a refiner in Silver Street near Cripple Gate.... 449, 473. 
Steinhevel, Christian, one of the Trustees' servant.'^, very 

deserving 58. 

Stephaniau or Spanish scheine, the, mentioned 298, 495. 

Stephaniau system of polities 310. 

568 Index 

Stephens, Newdegate, Mr., 'ueutioned •iDS, 

Stephens, Thos., Mr., a design, to seize King's stores 296; 

agency of ^-^^j ^'^"j 

an account of behavior at Ebenezer 329 j 

arrival of, in Savanuah 1-9; 

Concerning marriage of ^'^'i 

marriage of, mentioned '^'^-'i 

scheme uf 330; 

spoken of as a finished politician ^b'J; 

styles himself agent for people of Georgia 3S1; 

written and printed papers of 456; 

mentioned 278; 279; 2S9; 291; 292; 295; 

297; 29S; 299; 311; 407; 410; 441; 500. 
Stephens, William, Col. (Secretary to the Trustees), mentioned 

10; 11; 12; 14; 37; 38; 39; 47; 52; 53; 59; 62; G4; 76; SI; 
92; 93; 94; 96; 100; 109; 110; 111; 116; 124; 125; 126; 129; 
130; 179; 1S3; 221; 254; 27S; 2S8; 291; 292; 294; 295; 298; 
299; 300; 301; 302; 303; 306; 308; 311; 327; 329; 334; 3G6; 
367; 370; 373; 374; 375; 421; 424; 425; 426; 433; 434; 435; 
436; 437; 455; 461; 475; 495; 496; 497; 498; 499; 500; 502; 
503; 507; 508; 509; oil; 512; 515; 519; 524; 

advised Mr. Jones ' arrest ^-'i 

applied to for instructions 434; 

appointed commissioner for licensing traders 2C9; 

a successful vineyard grower 1^>' J 

behavior of son ^-"'^ > 

conduct of, surprising ^^9; 

copy of letter to Benj. Martyn 401 ; 

copy of letter to Mr. Verelst ^97; 

copy of letter to Mr. Yerelst 402; 

draft on, protested '^^^' 

great influence possessed by son over 2S9; 

high commendation of ~'^'^'' 

letter to Mr. Benj. Martyn l^^"- 

letter to Mr. Benj. Martyn 442; 

letter to Mr. Harman Yerelst ^'^'> 

letter to Mr. Harman Yerelst ■^'< 

letter to Mr. HarnKin Yerelst ^'J 

letter to Mr. Harman Yerelst 34G; 

letter to Mr. Harman Yerelst ^•^■'' 

letter to Mr. Harman Yerelst •'•^/_'' 

letter to Mr. Harman Yerelst '-'^^• 

letter to Mr. Harman Yerelst "';'-• 

letter to Mr. Harman Yerelst -"^ ' 

letter to ilr. Harman Yerelst ^•^-' 

letter to Mr. Harman Yerelst ^ • 

letter to ^fr. Harman Yerelst '^'^' 

Index 569 

letter to Mr. Harman Yerelst 463; 

letter to Mr. iiarman Verelst 535; 

letter to Mr. iiarman Verelst 377; 

letter to Mr. Harman Verelst 378; 

letter to Mr. liaraian Verelst 448; 

letter to Mr. Harraau Verelst 383; 

letter to the Trustees 395; 

letter to the Trustees 16U; 

Militia niiustered, to be in readiness for action 438; 

of the opinion that Mr. Jones should be arrested 427; 

people complaining of hard usage, soothed by 510; 

received letter from bou, Tom 290; 

seventy years of age 513 ; 

shows disapproval of his son 's conduct 296; 

two servants ' time expired 90; 

vile behavior of son, mentioned 346; 

youngest son of 136. 

Stephen 's paper, the method proposed in 184. 

Stirling, Mr., mentioned 175; 177. 

Stonhebel, Christian, mentioned 485. 

Store accounts at Frcderica 60. 

Storekeepers, private, begin their old game 187. 

Stutz, Hans, encouraged as a vine dresser 264. 

Sumner, Thos., the undertaker 33S ; 493. 

Surveyor and Inspector, oHice of 411; 416. 

Surveyor and Register, office of 481. 

Surveyor of the eoa^t of England 271. 

"Susannah," the, Capt. Gregory's ship 403. 

Sutherland, Lieut., instrumental in defeating Spaniards 382. 

(Swaine, Capt., mentioned 19S; 206. 

Swiss, the, mentioned 209; 217; 477; 

an account of the sad condition of 222; 

newcomers 214. 

Swiss or Dutch children, whose parents died on voyage over . . .3'j2. 

Switzerland, mentioned 4S4. 

Swizer, Michael, mentioned 4S5. 

Styles, Capt., of the ship, "Susannah" 535. 

Syndall, John, mentioned 291. 

Table of fees, the 507. 

Tailfer, Dr. (Telfair or Tellfair), mentioned 104; 179; ISO; 

183; 297; 505; 

account of 63; 

insolent behavior of 55. 

Tooanohivi with Uchee and Creek Indians returned from in- 
cursions against Spaniards 132. 

570 Index 

Toasdcale, John, a tailor by trade 536; 537. 

Tellair or Telliair, (see Tailfer). 

Tenure of kinds 78; 142; 26G; 291; 40i; 

in fee simple 164; 

resolutions pertaining to 5. 

Tcnorky (or Teuorcby), an Indian Queen mentioned. .. .39; 40; 79. 
TentorcLy (see Tencrky). 

Terry, Joxjn A., Kecorder of Frederica, mentioned 210; 212; 214; 

215; 21C; 222; 3S7; 

copy of letter to Harman Verelst 372; 

copy of letter to tbe Trustees 359; 

letter to Ilarman Verelst 417; 

letter to ilarmau Verelst 363; 

letter to Mr. Hariuan Verelst 148; 

letter to the Earl of Egraont 420; 

letter to the Trustees 351; 

letter to the Trustees 517. 

Thilo, Dr., letter in regard to 251. 

Thomson, Capt. (or Thompson) 3; 6; 11; 2S; 30; 72; 73; 75; 

77; 79; 84; 85; 91; 104; 217; 252; 307; 316; 321; 384; 3S6; 
391; 309; 405; 424; 449; 

at Frederica 4 ; 

given a lot 5, 

Thunderbolt, mentioned 86; l-:3; 317; 505. 

TisdaJe, John, mentioned 319; 503. 

Tisdale lodging house, mentioned 29S. 

Tisdale "s public house, montioued 504. 

Tomo Chichi, mentioned 219. 

Tower liill, mount on, mentioned 271. 

Towers, Mr., a lawyer, mentioned 51. 

Town seal, mentioned 16S. 

Townsend, Edwd., mentioned , 496; 

letter to the Trustees 286. 

Trep-sarer, concerning the 268* 269. 

Treaty with Indiaus 331. 

True Historical Narrative of Georgia 70; 163. 

"True State of the Province of Geora;ia, A" 167. 

Trustees of Georgia, mentioned 4; 11; 12; 13; 43; 40; 45; 46; 

48; 61; 62; 68; 73; 75; 80; 82; 84; gS; 93; 100; 102; 103; 
107; 117; 124; 125; 128; 135; 137; 138; 143; 144; 145; 146; 
149; 151; 157; 162; 163; 182; 187; 188; 198; 200; 202; 215; 
217; 218; 219; 221; 222; 250; 251; 252; 258; 263; 266; 268; 
270; 272; 273; 275; 285; 289; 290; 291; 292; 296; 297; 298; 
299; 301; 306; 307; SOS; 311; 312; 318; 323; 337; 340; 341; 
343; 344; 347: 348; 364; 366; 367; 369; 371; 376; 3S0; 3S1 ; 
385; 3S7; .1SS; 392; 400; 402; 404; 406; 412; 415; 416; 418; 
419; 426; 427; 42S; 429 431; 432; 433; 434; 435; 443;. 451; 

Index 571 

453; 456; 457; 459; 4G5; 46G; 472; 475; 476; 477; 478; 4S2; 

493; 495; 497; 49S; 499; 507; 508, 510; 514; 515; 523; 527; 

528; 529; 536; 537; 538; 539; 540; 

accounts of 321 ; 503; oOb; 

an application to the Throne 389; 

an attempt to utterly abolish the 440; 

attitude of, towards Col. Stephens 450; 

annual account, mentioned -"^5 

appointed Col. Stephens commissioner for licensing the 

traders -^'^ ' 

appointment of President and Assistants 141; 

base assertions void of foundation made, concerning 162; 

chest of Bilk sent to 104; 201; 

club formed to oppose tho power and authority of 164; 

commands from Mr. Jones to 309; 

concerning the bounty on the year's crop 455; 

copy of letter from :SIt. Jo. Terry 35S; 

directions given by 481 ; 

directions relating to Gov. Glen 208; 

duplicate of letter from Brig. Gen. Oglethorpe 3S2; 

garden of the ^^' 

German servants of the 4.):,. ; 

industrious and well behaved ^6; 

had good success before Parliament 403; 

have no more to do with the Colony -J^; 

inquiry into the proceedings of the courts made by 4')3; 

interests in Georgia ^^ 5 

letter from Gen. Oglethorpe --■''' 

letter from Gen. Oglethorpe --'^ > 

letter from Gen. Oglethorpe 4i' ; 

letter from Gen. Oglethorpe -3; 

letter from George Clarke, Esqr 330; 

letter from James Burnside ^ '^ < 

letter from James Carwels 1^3; 

letter from James Oglethorpe 332; 

letter from John Carwell '''^'^5 

letter from John Fallowfield 3^.; 

letter from John Pye - ' ' ' 

letter from Joseph Avery 4' >; 

letter from Mary Yanderplank *'■' ' 

letter from Mr. George Whitefield 391 ; 

letter from Mr. John Dobell 432; 

letter from Mr. John Pye 109; 

letter from Mr. John Pye 130; 

letter from Mr. John Terry ^l'''' 

letter from Mr. John Terry 3d1 ; 

letter from Mr. Orton '--^' 

572 Index 

letter from Mr. Stephens ]G0; 

letter from Mr. Thos. Causton 50^;! 

letter from Mr. Thos. Hawkins 503! 

letter from Samuel Perkins 25- 

letter from the inhabitants of Verconburgh 4S3- 

letter from Thos. Bosomworth 231- 

letter from Walter Fox gl ' 

letter from Edwd. Townscud 2S6 • 

letter from \Vm. Elbert 2S1 • 

letter from Wm. Ewen 95. 

letter from "William Stephens 39.5; 

list of inhabitants made for !he ]62- 

list of the inhabitants of Savannah sent 113; 

not heard from for six months 77 • 

offered a prize for the first pipe of wine made in Georgia. 157; 

opinion of power claimed by Grand Juries 300; 

ordered all claims and accounts to be examined 511; 

orders obeyed except at Savannah 4So; 

petition to 534 . 

plan of Ebenezer made for the use of .210- 

plantation of 34I . 

a new one _ g^. 

pleasure shown by, relating to the Southern part of 
province 33G. 

premium on corn promised by 42.t- 

promise made by l;^--). 

purchased surveying instruments for Cnpt. .Avery 4.";4; 

rage shown against 3:; }^ ; 

recommended Mr. Bosomworth 21I: 

resolutions of 4] 7. 

resolutions in regard to dividing the Province 105; 

Secretary, accusations made against 1C3; 

the last wicked accusation made against ISG; 

servants of, mentioned 45; 53; 54; 321; 341; 453; 

overseer of, Thomas Jones 5:; ; 

remarks concerning 2 7(3- 

should support religion and encourage raarria^je 4SS; 

table of fees confined by 507- 

two pe'-itions forwarded to 535. 

Tully, M'r.. one of the wisest heathens 248. 

"Two Brothers" the, Capt. Beach's ship i:-,7: O'^.' 

Tybee, mentioned g- 0]4; 2^7- 307- 

beacon light at. 333 . 

beacon light being put up gQ- 

beacon light nearly finished 143; 

people of, mentioned 06- 

Mr. Stephen 's opinion in relation to 465. 

Tyrrell, discharged because of laziness 505. 

Index 573 


Ucheo Indians, mentioned 1 32. 

Upton, Thomas, meratioucd 290. 

Urlsperger, Sam, letter from IS. 

Usland, John George, mentioned 4S5. 

Vanderplank, John, deceased 65. 

Vanderplank, Mary, letter to the Trustees 65. 

Vaughn, Kobt., Mr. mentioned 500; 

a trader living at Augusta 499; 

unjust treatment received hv 501. 

Venture, Fort, melancholy account of 437. 

Verelst, Harman, Mr., Accomptant to the Trustees, mentioned. 45; 
103; 105; 109; 133; 225; 304; 360; 3G1 ; 395; 420; 421; 432; 

433; 43i; 520; 524; 

copy of letter from Thos. Jones 31S; 

copy of letter from ^Vm. Stephens 3; 

copy of letter from \Ym. Stephou.s 197 ; 

copy of letter from Wm. Stephens 402; 

copy of letter from Gen. Oglethorpe 131; 

copy of letter from John Terry 372; 

letter from Brig. Gen. Oglethorpe 485; 

letter from Gen. Oglethorpe 30; 

letter from Gen. Oglethorpe 493; 

letter from George ^Vhitefield 99; 

letter from John Brownfield 4G; 

letter from John Calwell 48; 

letter from John Terry 14S; 

letter from John Terry 417; 

letter from John Terry 363; 

letter from John Dobell . . ." 314; 

letter from Joseph Avery 475; 

letter from Mr. Augspourguer 32; 

letter from Mr. Ffras. Moore 399; 

letter from Mr. Hawkins 429; 

letter from :Mr. Thos. Causton 150; 

letter from Mr. Thos. Causton 426; 

letter from Mr. Thos. Causton 526; 

letter from Mr. Thos. Jones 494; 

letter from Mr. Thos. Jones 28S; 

letter from Mr. Thos. Jones 91 ; 

letter from Mr. Thos. Jones 53; 

letter from Mr. Thos. Jones 491 ; 

letter from Mr. Thos. Jones 59; 

letter from the Eevd. Mr. Bolzius 250; 

574 Index 

letter from the Revd. Mr. Eolzius 221; 

letter from the Revd. Mr. Bolzius and Mr. Gronau 4.55; 

letter from \Vm. Hopton 10- 

letter from ^Vm. Hopton 93; 

letter from Wm. Spencer 516; 

letter from \Vra. Stephens 316; 

letter from Wm. Stephens , 335; 

letter from Wm. StephcnH 346; 

letter from AVm. Stephens 201 • 

letter from Wm. Stephens 132; 

letter from Wm. Stephens 84; 

letter from Wm. Stephens 68; 

letter from Wm. Stephens 377 ; 

letter from Wm. Stephens 37S- 

letter from Wm. Stephens 262; 

letter from Wm. Stephens 41 ; 

letter from W'm. Stephens 285; 

letter from Wm. Stephens 383; 

letter from Wm. Stephens 473; 

letter from Wm. Stephens 463; 

letter from Wm. Stepliens 448; 

letter from Wm. Stephens 535; 

letter relating to school 435. 

Vernon, ^Nfr., letter from Mr. Christie 380. 

Vernonburgh. inhabitants of 534- 

letter to the Trustees 483 ; 

the plan of 4S3; 

town of, plan for 476. 

Vernon River, mentioned 210; 410; 415; 475- 476; 4?S. 

Victory, the, Capt. White's ship 383. 

Vigera, Mr., mentioned 209; 210; 221; 250; 362; 369; 370; 502. 

Vines, a natural produce of the Colony 156; 192. 

Virginia, government of 227; 333; 

Governor of 331- 

settlements of 226. 


Wadham, John, Capt., of the ship "Europa," mentioned 197; 

214; 215; 216; 360; 363; 375. 

Walpole, Horatio, Rt. Honorable, mentioned 440. 

^^'alpole, Robert. Sir, mentioned 290. 

Wardrope, James, Mr., mentioned 121; 

compelhd to give evidence 120. 

Water-mill, the, mentioned 75; 

Watson, Charles, :Mr., mentioned 387; 390; 497; 498; 500; 

501; 503; 504; 507; 

Index 575 

advised Mr. Jones' arrest 527; 

a new form of oath taken by 508; 

appointed a Bailiff < 3S7; 

arrival of 33G; 

claimed only rigLt to publish advertisements 506; 

new oath of oHiee taken by 507 ; 

none more fit for office of Kegister than 480; 

. 80 called office of, used to gamble in 505. 

"Watts, Mrs., mentioned ; 

accounts of 390 ; 

affairs of 43; 450; 

in regard to house belonging to 74. 

Weddel, Augustus, only treasurer known of 269. 

Wedderburn, Capt., mentioned 103; ]05; 140; 

arrival of, in the "Charming Betty" 133. 

Weymss, Ensign, mentioned 407. 

Wentworth, Gen., mentioned 532. 

West India Islands, mentioned 323. Indies, mentioned 158; 324; 4S3. 

White Bluff, Dutch and German servants settling a town at. . . .410; 

on the Vernon River 475. 

White, Capt., of the ship the "Victory'- SiC. 

Whitefield, George, Mr., mentioned 245; 340; 476; 

letter to Mr. Harman Verelst 9!^; 

letter supjx»sed to be to the Trustees 391; 

scandalous and false tales published by Sir Richard 

Everard in regard to 1-S- 

Widows at Darien, a list of 30. 

Wiggins, Mr., mentioned 39. 

Williams, Robt., mentioned 59; 74; 78; 111; 116; 125; 120; 

175; 177; 219; 296; 311; 313; 324; 390; 

foreman of the Jury 117; 

foreman of the Grand Jury 125; 

formed party to bring about destructive scheme 117; 

written and printed papers of 456. 

Wilmington, Lord, mentioned 533. 

Winchester College, mentioned 449. 

Wine, expectations of making a quantity of 13S. 

Winter, the, a ship from Londoa ^^^ 

Witt, Mr., mentioned 319. 

Woodroffe, Wm., mentioned 291; 310. 

Wortemburg, Duke of, mentioned 21. 

Wright, John, Capt., of the ship "Mercy ". .102; 124; 206; 496; 499. 

Young, Thomas, mentioned ^'^^ i 

and his grandson, Thomas Eggerton 443. 



Zabli, Ehivid, of Piirrisburo^h in Carolina, itientioned. .4S4 ; 501; 534. 
Zublj", John Joachim, Fev., of Gull, Switzerland, mentioned, 

4Si: 501: 534.