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Full text of "Colonial records of Pennsylvania"

H 



GENEALOGY 
974.8 
P384, 
1776-177° 



F*L 



- 



GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



Vrfr 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBL'C^IBRAR/ 



3 1833 01810 4411 



I 






MINUTES 



OF THE 



3XJPKEME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL 



PENNSYLVANIA, 



JKGM ITS ORGANIZATION TO THE TERMINATION 
OF THE REVOLUTION. 



PUBLISHED BY THE STATE 



TOL . XL 

CONTAINING THE PROCEEDINGS OF COUNCIL OP SAFETY FROM NO- 

YEMBER 13TH, 1776, TO 17TH OF MARCH, 1777 ) TOGETHER 

WITH A MEMORANDUM FROM' DECEMBER 31st, 1776, TO 

march 17th, 1777 ; ALSO the MINUTES of the 

supreme executive council from march 

4th, 1777, to may 20th, 1779,. both 

days included. 



■HARRISBURG : 

PRINTED BY THEO, FENN & CO' 

1852. 



H 



CONTENTS. 



A . . 1209435 

^ AcfT for the better supply of the army of Pennsylvania, 711. 

Addresses to the people of Pennsylvania by the Supreme Execu- 
tive Council, 204, 205 ; to the Assembly of Pennsylvania, 685, 
686, 687, 688, 689. 



Agents of forfeited estates appointed $ their instructions touching 
the same, 479, 480, 587, 599. 

Apprentices and servants not to be enlisted without written con- 
sent from masters, 243. 

Allentown, stores belonging to the State to be delivered at, 579. 

Anniversary of Independence to be commemorated, 522. 

Able-bodied persons to be compelled to enter service, 55, 59; all 
between the age of 15 and 60 to be enrolled, 60. 

Armed boats to be stationed at Gloucester Point, 4; their pay, 8 c 

Armitage, Shubart, appointed third Lieut in CoL Proctor's regi- 

iment, 774. 

.: Armstrong, William, appointed paymaster at Mud Island, &e. f 

767, 

Arms and ammunition to be stff plied and furnished, 33, 
-_. _ pi a te of, 752. 

Arnold, General, incidentally mentioned or alluded to, 224, 522 } 

523, 562, 674, 680, 681, 692, 706, 709, 726, 759. 

Arrangement of oncers in the army, 179, 185, 190, 

Artillery, stationed at Fort Island, 1. 

a regiment to be raised for the defence of Pennsylvania, 116 ; 
136, 142. • 

CoL Eyre's battalion furnished with rum, tea, sugar, &e< ? 






776. 
Assembly, application to for borrowing money, 117, 177 



it CONTENTS. 

Associates' families to be provided for, 22, 23, 28, 82, 33, 40, 41. 
43,93, 530; assistance solicited for them, 30; landlords not to 
distress their families, 30. . 

Assistants to the Council of Safety appointed, 45. 

Attack sudden and immediate upon Pennsylvania, anticipated, 
227,332. 

Attainders of divers traitors, 504, 513, 514, 515, 768. 

B. 

Baltimore, Hessian officers, as prisoners, taken thither, 77, 104. 
129. 

Barracks Master General of Pennsylvania appointed, 51 — additional 
duties assigned them, 144. 

Battalion of Lancaster county, their conduct commendable, 90. 

Bedford county, account settled for protecting the frontiers of the 
State, 16 — Stockade fort at, 555. 

Bread, all that may be found is to be secured, 303 » 

Berks county Associators refused to march to join General Wash- 
ington's army, 94. 

Berkenhout Doctor, suspected of mischievous designs, 567. 

his letter to Richard Henry Lee, 569, 570 — farther dispo- 
sition of the Doctor's case, 576. 

Billingsport in New Jersey, fortifications at, 125, 139, 248, 572, 
576, 643, 644. 

Board of War appointed, 181 ; directed to apply to Congress for 
money, 182, 218. 

appear before Council, 21^to furnish the Supreme Execu- 
tive Council with arms for the militia, 212, 213. 

memorial of Sieur Gerard before the Council, referred to ; 



553. 

Bounty money to enlist soldiers, a loan applied for to Congress, 37. 

Brigadier General of the State of Pennsylvania, appointed, 62. 
199. 

Bridge across the Schuylkill river, expensive, 711. 

British take possession of the metropolis of the State, 325. 

Brown John, his examination before Supreme Executive Council, 
345, 347, 348. 



CONTENTS. 7 

Boundary line between Pennsylvania and Virginia, 240, 556. 

Bucks county, papers and records at, to be taken possession of and 
placed in the magazine, 128. 

persons appointed to audit and settle accounts of the mili- 
tia, 146. 

cattle driven off in, 281. 



Burglaries, riots, &c, to be prevented in Philadelphia, by patroles y 

42, 



Cannon Committee appointed, 7; Collected and mounted in Phila- 
delphia, 82. 

Cattle Committee of drivers appointed, 244, 253, 281, 310. 

Cape May, trading vessels at to be protected, 8. 

■ arrived galley stationed at, 556, 557. 

Cattle and other stock, ordered to be removed five miles from Dela- 
ware river, 4, 253, 310. 

Captains of companies appointed, 2, 18, 20, 74. 

Chester county militia furnished with arms, 219. 

Civil department of State requiring attention, 181. 

Clarkson, Matthew, Esqr., appointed Marshall of the Admiralty, 

760. 

Clothing for the army provided, 1, 772 ; call made upon private 
families, in Philadelphia, for blankets, stockings, &c, &c, 18 ; 
shoes to be purchases for the army, 56. 

Colours taken from the enemy at Trenton, 70. ; 

Congress, recommendation of, ^fo the Council of Safety, 34 ; to 
borrow money from, 228. 

calls out the militia, 203 ; resolution of, to call out an ad- 
ditional number of militia, 254. 

letters from, inclosing acts relative to persons going within 



enemies' lines, &c, 753. 

letter requesting militia to take post at Fort Mifflin and 



Billingsport, 766. 

)mmissioners appoi 
330, 348. 

Commissary of continental stores at Lancaster, 86, 



Commissioners appointed to seize and sell the property of torier 
330, 348. 



vi CONTENTS. 

Commissions granted for letters of marque and reprisals, 2, 21, 

Conference with deputies of Massachusetts Bay, touching, 729. 

Continental money, dangerous consequences for refusing taking it, 
2; those refusing to take to be punished, 70. 



counterfeited, 234. 



Constitution of the state not satisfactory ; amendment proposed. 
220. 

Conelly enlarged on giving security, 196, 200. 

Convention prisoners, their escort, &c, 63. 

Council of Safety, Minutes of, 1, 100, 325, 353; proclamation of ; 
to exercise general powers, 325, 326, 353. 

Continental stores removed from Philadelphia, 21, 44. 

Count B'Estaing, 692. 

B. 

Bays of solemn fasting and humiliation, apnointed by Congress. 
175; by the State of Pennsylvania, 176, 369, 438, 627. . 

Be Haven Peter, appointed Health officer of port of Philadelphia. 

775. 

Beserters, from the army, to be advertised, 106. 

Bickinson's intercepted letter, 92. 

Bunlap's press and type employed to inform the public of affairs. 
46. 



E. 



Easton, Indian treaty at, 96, 98 ; churches at, request leave to 
raise contributions to pay debt on churches, 422. 

money and papers belonging to the Public loan office in 



Philadelphia to be removed to Easton, 305, 306, 307 ; books oi 
state library sent to Easton, 309. 

Egg-harbor, British fleet arrived at, 253. 

Eichelbcrger George, deputy commissary of the United States, 
charged with using threatening language to influence election 
officers, 700, 701. 

Election of president & vice president of the Supreme Executive 
Council, 633, 634. 



CONTENTS, yii 

Embargo laid on the exportation of wheat, rye, corn, &e 7 545, 546, 
568, 725. 

Enemies of the United States committed to prison, 59. 

Estates, forfeited ones, advertised to be sold, 745. 

Examination of John Brown, 345, 347, 348, 349* 

Expresses and their stations, 74. 

Executions ordered, Thomas Taylor of Lancaster Co., and The, 
Crouch of Berks Co,, for felony and robbery, and Catharine 
Fisher of Lancaster Co., for murder, 780, 



P. 



Felony, seven persons convicted and in goal, discharged, 758. 

Field officers nominated and elected, 74, 97 ; arrangement of, 179 3 
letter from to the Supreme Executive council, 731. 

Floating bridge across the Schuylkill, 56. 

Flour, relative to raising price of, 767. 

Fireships fitted out for service, 255, 256. 

Forestalled, cited to appear before the Supreme Executive council., 
639, 640. 

Forestalling, proclamation against, 671. 

Forfeited estates advertised to be sold, 745. 

Fortifications for defence of Philadelphia, plan of by Gen. Be 
Portail, vote of thanks, &c, 776 } adopted and directed to be 
executed, 777. 

Fort Island, a boom fixed at, 31. 

France, fleet from with troops, 532 j Ambassador plenipotentiary 
from, public audience in Congress, 548. 

Franks David, Commissary of British prisoners, 682. 

Free Mason's Lodge, a temporary prison, for disaffected & suspi- 
cious persons, inimical to the county, 285, 289, 290, 292„ 
294, 295, 296, 298, 299. 

Freedom of America, who may be suspected as inimical thereto, 

38. 

Frontiers to be protected, 726, 750. 



mil CONTENTS. 



(> 



German newspapers circulated, 409. 

Gerard Sieur, Minister Plenipotentiary from France, 547, 548, 553, 

645, 678. 
Olocester Point, armed boats to be stationed at, 4. 

Guard appointed to protect the powder magazine in Philadelphia, 
26. 

Gun-factory belonging to the State disposed of, 644. 
Gunpowder, regulations touching the keeping of it, 657. 

H. 

Hale, Thomas, appointed agent for forfeited estates in Philadel- 
phia county, 767. 

Kartly, Thomas, Colonel, vote of thanks by the Supreme Executive 
Council, 640 ; his plan for the defence of the frontiers adopted, 
646. 

Hand, General, at Pittsburg, asks for armed men to destroy Indian 
settlements, 261. 

Heidleburg township, in Berks county, guard in, 36. 

Henry George, appointed commissary of naval stores, 649. 

Hessian prisoners put to shoemaking at Lancaster, 85, 186 ; a guard 
placed over them, 94. 

Hospital, Pennsylvania, taken up for sick troops, 34. 

Holliday, William, appointed paymaster for Bedford county, 637. 

Howe, General, advancing towards Princeton, N. J., 39. 

Hubley, Adam, elected lieutenant colonel of Pennsylvania troops, 
770 ; recommended to board of war as commandant of 11th re- 
giment, 778. 

Hummelstown, in Dauphin county, gun-factory to be established 
at, 314. 

Hunter's battalion of Berks county, refuse to march to join General 
Washington's army, 94. 



Indians practice cruelties upon the frontier settlers, 261, 347, 383 r 

531, 765. 
war to be carried into their country, 726. 



'CONTENTS, u 

inimical persons towards the United States, suspected and com- 
plained of, 190, 261, 264, 265, 267, 269 ; all suspected ones to 
be immediately apprehended, 279, 383 ; a large number of arrests, 
283, 284 ; committee appointed to make arrests, 286; their re- 
port, 288, 289 j numerous arrests after appointment of committee, 
in several counties, 290, 307, 308, 344, 345, 402, 460, 472, 473, 
504, 513, 514, 515, 516, 517, 518, 519, 525, 529, 556, 601 3 
602, 603, 604, 610, 611. 

Ill treatment towards American prisoners by the British, 6, 56, 657, 

658. 

Instructions to Captain Rice from the Committee of Safety, 8 ; 
from the Supreme Executive Council, touching recruiting officers, 

419, 420, 421. 

Intercepted communications, 92. 

■ J. 

Justices of the peace elected by the- freeholders, 228, 759, 760, 

770, 774 1 if from neglect to eleet, 231, 

K. 

Knapsacks, six thousand delivered, 26. 



Lancaster, prisoners at to be guarded, 4 ; records and public 
papers removed to, 23 ; General Roberdeau removed to 41 ; 
powder stored at, 41 ; battalions at marched from, 78 ; the bat- 
talion of this county, their conduct commendable, 90; powder 
magazine and other military store-houses to be built at, 115, 271 ? 
738 ; petition from, complaining of a want of magistrates, 211 j 
militia to be armed, 212,; British prisoners at, threaten to destroy 
Lancaster, 236; Supreme Executive Council meet in, 313; 
remove again to Philadelphia, 521 ; commissary appointed at, 
86. 

Lebanon, guards to be stationed at, 417. 

Levy, Miss, passing to New York, suspected, 676« 

Lieutenants appointed, and other officers, 23, 24, 31, 32, 34, 47* 

65, 98, 205, 218. 

Loans for, application made to Congress; 12, $7 ? 115. 



CONTENTS. 



M. 



Magazines and military stores to be guarded, 446* 

Marine committee of Congress, 7. 

Marque and reprisal, letters of, commissions for granted, 2, 3, 21. 

% Maryland, Flying Camp raised in and equipped, 28. 

Marshall, Benjamin, appointed ensign of 5th Pennsylvania regi- 
ment, 754. 

Memorandum, a certain one found in the Council Book, 149, 

Metropolis of the State taken possession of by the British, 325- 

Militia, some deserters amongst them, 102 ; an additional number 
called out, 254. 

charged with misconduct,, and a court of inquiry appointed; 



775. 
Messages to the General Assembly, &c, 711, 734. 

Morris, C. So, appointed to have the care of prisoners of war m 
Pennsylvania, 5-. 

Minutes of Council of Safety, 1-170, 323-353. 

— of the Supreme Executive Council, 173-800, 

Mud Island, barracks at ordered to be completed^ 725. 

Murran, William, appointed ensign in second Pennsylvania bat- 
talion, 783. 



Newspapers taken hy the Supreme Executive Council, 400, 648. 

Navy board appointed, 122, 182 ; memorials of to the Supreme 
•Executive Council, 182, 192, 193. 

Naval Officers appointed, 199 — naval board empowered to purchase 
twelve vessels, fitted out as fireships, 255 y commodore and su- 
pernumary officers discharged, 552, 554. 

Non-Associators arm3 to be taken from, 36, 37, 79, 108, 1^40; 279. 

sore complaint against them, 198. 

— militia quartered upon them, 100 



CONTENTS xi 



O. 



Oath of allegiance, persons not taking it required to give shoes, 
stockings, blankets, &c, for the use of the army, on certain con- 
ditions, 328, 329, 339. 

— - — their property to be taken and disposed of, 329, 330 ; com- 
missioners appointed for that purpose, 330, 339, 340. 

Oath or Affirmation of officers in 'the army and others, required to 
be subscribed by them, 415, 416. 

Obedience to the militia laws enjoined upon all in the country, 
733, T34. 

Officers commissioned, 23, 24, 31, 32, 37, 578 ; new orders touch- 
ing their appointment, 72- — appointed 98, 116 — arrangements of 
as to rank, 179, 180. 

Officers of Pennsylvania prisoners with the enemy, shall retain 
their rank, &c, 109. 



— — —of navy board appointed, 199 ; memorials from to the Su- 
preme Executive Council, 183, 192, 193. 

Ordnance of Pennsylvania, superintendent of appointed, 143, 144. 

Ordinances for the more effectual levying monies, fines, &c, for 
substitutes in the militia, 332. 

for appointing an additional number of sub-lieutenants, 



333 ; to prevent private speculators from engrossing business, to 
the detriment of the public good, 337, 338. 



P. 

Passes granted to various persons, 578, 579, 630, 640, 649, 585, 
673, 679, 758, 759, 761, 765, 770, 772, 783. 

— not to be granted without security, 757. 

Patten Eobert ? his grievances set forth in a petition, 188. 

Pay masters appointed, 23, 27, 34, 81, 82, 110, 124, 279, 637. 

Penn John, Honorable, made prisoner, 264, 265. 

Pennsvalley, a post at General Potter's, 646, 

Petitions, one from Walter Hall, 214. 



xii CONTENTS, 

i 

Philadelphia, works of defence at, 46; citizens to remove from, 
218. 

militia of arranged for service, 219 ; ordered to march 224, 

231, the enemy approaching it, 253, 298; the British take pos- 
session of, 325; measures adopted to regain the city, 404. 

Poor persons relieved, 20, 530. 

Powdermill, continental one carried on, 88. 

burnt at French creek, 184. 

Powder magazine, built at Lancaster, 118. 

Pottsgrove, provision store at, 423. 

Princeton, General Howe advancing towards it, 39. i 

Printers engaged in printing certificates for Continental loans, to be 
detained, 31. 

Prisoners at Lancaster and Reading to be guarded, 5. 

of war to be taken in charge by S. C. Morris, 5 ; by Howe 

and others, 89; Livingston's letter touching them, 185. 

enlarged 263, 290, 291,295, 296, 308, 360, 406. 

American held by the British, 564. 



Prize money for vessels, how to be distributed, 740. 
Proclamations touching General Howe's approaching Philadelphia, 

298. 
by Committee of Safety, that Howe is in Philadelphia, 

325. 

touching exportation of victuals, &c, 545. 

against forestalling, 671. 

laying embargo on vessels, 763. 

Q. 

Qualifications directed to be taken by the members of the Su- 
preme Executive council, 174. 

Quakers present a memorial to the Supreme Executive council, 
426, 427. 

had a hearing before the council, 429. 

Quartermaster's appointed for Pennsylvania, 21, 25, 84. 

Mitchell's book altered, 707. 

R. 

Rangers, companies of to be raised, &c, 730, 731. 
Rank among officers, how determined, 226. 



CONTENTS. xiii 

Reading, prisoners at to be guarded, 4. 

tories at, imprisoned, 89. 

Records and public papers removed to Lancaster, 23. 

Recruiting officers appointed, 418, 464, 469. 

Resolutions touching the artillery at Fort Island, 1 ; to man and 
fit out vessels, 1, 2. 

of Congress touching refusing to take continental money, 

70. 

Reward of $12,000 for capturing and destroying the enemy's ves- 
sels, 646. 

Rice Patrick, to give bonds, not to take any letters, c£c, to the 
city of New York, 701. 

Rule touching applications for the remission of fines, &c, 747. 

Rum, certain portion allowed to soldiers, 230. 

S. 

Safety committee, minutes of, 1 — 170, 323. 

Saltworks,, in New Jersey, protected by a Pennsylvania regiment, 
114, 126, 191. 

Salt, in possession of Council of Safety to be distributed, 13, 14, 22. 

resolutions concerning, 16, 20, 40, 51. 

Schools in Philadelphia re-opened, 38. 

Schoolmasters confined in jail at Lancaster, not having taken oath 
of allegiance, 652. 

Secret committee of Congress, and their doings, 8, 9. 

Servants and apprentices not to be enlisted, 243. 

Shelly, offers to disclose certain treasonable designs, 307. 

Ship General Green, pay of Captain and other officers regulated, 
757 y Officers appointed, 765, 766. 

Shot, delivered to the marine committee of Congress, 7, 10. 

Sick persons & soldiers provided for, 13, 34, 35, 42, 50, 56, 68, 
83, 100, 115, 133. 

State arms, cut out on printer's metal, by Caleb Lome, 752. 

State battalion put into the service, 215. 

Standing Stone, ( Huntingdon,) a regiment ordered thither, 531. 



xiv CONTENTS. 

Stansbury & Smith, suspected of practices tending to alienate, &c, 
43. 

Story, Samuel, appointed Third Lieut, in Col. Proctor's regiment 
776. 

Sullivan, General, orders the militia at Coryel's ferry to march for- 
ward to meet the enemy in New Jersey, 255. ■ 

Sunbury, militia, ordered thither, 532. 

Supreme Executive Council, minute of, 173. 

authorized to borrow money, 739. 

Suspected persons as guilty of treason, or to be disaffected, 54, 264- 
all such to be immediately apprehended, 279 — numerous arrests, 
283, 284, 288, 289, 308, 315, 344, 345, 347, 357, 259, 360, 
365, 402, 460, 462, 472, 504, 513, 514, 515, 516, 517, 518, 
525,529, 601,602, 603, 606, 610, 611. 

T. 

Tabellion public, for the English, French and Spanish languages, 
200. 

Tanners, who are associators to be furnished with hides in prefer- 
ence to others, 58. 

Tools of the gun factory to be removed from Philadelphia, 48. 

Thompson, William General, makes high charges against Thomas 
M'Kean, Esq., Chief Justice of State, 659, 660. 

Town Major appointed at Philadelphia, 26; escorts prisoners of war 
from Philadelphia to Newtown, Bucks county, 30. 

at Lancaster, 78. 

Tories imprisoned at Reading, 89. 

their property seized, &c, 326, 327, 330. 

Traitors, act touching them, &c, 746. 

George Handy, convicted of treason, ordered to be execu- 
ted, 754 -j execution postponed, 764. 

Treasonable designs, persons charged with, 12, 307, 566. 

Treaty with Indians at Easton, 96 ; presents and goods provided 
for them, 108. 

Transports, several hundred sailed for New York, 3. 

Troops to be raised in Westmoreland, Cumberland, Lancaster and 
Northumberland counties, 7, 80. 



CONTENTS. sr 



V. 



Valiey Forge, Washington at, his address to the people of New 
Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland & "Virginia, 429, 

Vendues, abuses of complained of and ordered to be suppressed, 767* 

Verner, Frederick, his trial, 561 j farther notice of him, 720. 

Vessels not suffered to depart the port of Philadelphia, 23 ; Em- 
bargo laid on, 761 ; Proclamations, 763, 779 ; Embargo taken 
off, 783. 

Victuals and provisions, embargo laid on, &c, 545, 546, 646. 
Volunteers, carolled for the army, 26, 

W. 

WiiKiES of the members of Assembly, &c, fixed by law, 736, 737. 

Wagons for continental service, 28, 29, 24, 247, 261, 291, 341, 
343, 409, 520, 588, 589, 706, 708, 709, 721, 778. 

Wagon-masters, appointed 64 ; empowered to stable and feed their 
horses at their convenience, and pay for the same, 63 ; relative to 
pay, 761. 

Wampum, laid before the Council, 212. 

Washington, General, reinforced, 24, 25, 28, 39, 44, 49; he recom- 
mends the militia of Pennsylvania to be formed into brigades.? 
27, -62; notifies the Supreme Executive Council of a meditated 
attack of the British upon Pennsylvania, 227; recommends a list 
of recruiting officers, 418 .; he addresses the people of New Jersey, 
Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland & Virginia, 429 ; letter from 
him, 650 ; adopts vigorous measures for covering the frontiers of 
Pennsylvania, 723. 

Watchmen of Philadelphia permitted to remain on nocturnal duty, 
30. 

Weitzei Colonel, conduct in calling militia, &c, 706, 707, 708. 

Westmoreland county, public records unlawfully removed by M. 
Hoofnagle, to Lancaster, 252, 432. 

— — furnished with ammunition, 716. 

Whiskey, price of regulated, 388 ; law against distilling of, 647. 

Wharton, Thomas, death and funeral of, 499« 

Wood supplied to the poor in Philadelphia, 70. 

Wrecks raised in the river Delaware, 560, 719, 720, 

Wrightf s Ferry, militia to meet at, to escort Convention prisoners, 
«37. 



MINUTES 

OF THE 

COUNCIL OF SAFETY OF PENNSYLVANIA. 



Nov'r 13th, 1776^ 

THO'S WHARTON, Presid't. 

David Rittenhouse, Henry Keppele, 

John Bayard, Francis Gurney, 

Joseph Blewer, Sam'l G. Morris, 

Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, James Cannon, 

Geo. Gray, Timothy Matlack. 
Frederick Kuhl, 

Resolved^ That Major Proctor be directed to parade the Artil- 
lery under his Command at Fort Island, on Friday morning next, 
when Mr. Blewer & Col. Humpton, at the request of this Board, 
will attend in order to review them* 

Resolved, That Commodore Seymour be directed to Issue orders 
immediately for every Officer of the Fleet to repair on board their 
Respective Vessells, to have them manned and fitted in the best 
manner possible, and to order the whole Fleet to Rendezvous oppo- 
site Messrs. Willing & Morris's Wharf, at 11 o'Clock to-morrow 
morning, in order to their being Reviewed. 

Resolved, That Col. Matlack be directed to take into his imme- 
diate Care the Blankets & other Clothing for our Army ; that he 
provide a convenient Store for the purpose, & a Clerk to attend the 
same, if necessary. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Jno. Little's acco't for Nails d'd Mr. Brigs, 
for Mr. Savage, J31 13 4. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Mr. Wm. Evans £77 8 If, for Blankets & 
coarse woolens Purchased in Chester County, for this Council. 

VOL. XI. — 1. 



2 MINUTES OF THE 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Col. Win. Cook ? 
or Capt. Miller, for 2000 Dollars, to be charged to Col. Cook, of 
12 Battalion. I 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Amos Strattell £1784 7 9 for Block Tin, 
Copper & Sulphur. 

Resolved, That Messrs. Rittenhouse, Matlack & Cannon, be a 
Committee to draw up a memorial to be presented to the Honora- 
ble House of Assembly at their next meeting, setting forth the 
dangerous Consequence that will attend the refusal of the Conti- 
nental Currency. 

Resolved, That Robert Levers, Esq'r, be appointed Paymaster 
to the 12 Pennsylvania Regiment in the Continental Service, com- 
manded by Col. Wm. Cook. 

The Council adjourned to 3 o'Clock. 



Members met. 

David Rittenhouse, Timothy Matlack, 

John Bayard, James Cannon, 

Geo. Gray, ' Fred. Kuhl, 

Francis Gurney, Joseph Blewer, 

S. C. Morris, Henry Kippele. 

Resolved, That Capt. Blewer & Mr. Sain'l C. Morris be requested 
to fitt out the Armed Boat Convention, Capt. Rice, with all Possi- 
ble Expedition, and that they be desired to apply to the Marine 
Committee for such Stores belonging to Congress as may be wanted 
for that purpose. 

The Council proceeded to the appointment of Captains in the 
Eleventh Pennsylvania Regiment, in the Continental Service, Com- 
manded by Col. Richard Humpton, when the following Gentlemen 
were appointed, vizt : Doct'r Jno. Coates, Wm. Henderson, Sam- 
uel Dawson, Adolph Wm. Hedrick, Geo. Calhoun, Wm. McKissack, 
Wm. Bradford, jun'r, & John Douglass. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Rob't Smith £3 6 8, for riding Express 
for the Convention to give notice to the Militia to march to New 
Jersey. 

Resolved, That John Simpson, Esq'r, be appointed Paymaster 
to the 8th Penn'a Regiment, in the Continental service, commanded 
by Col. iEneas McCoy. 

Agreeable to a resolve of Congress, the Following Commissions 
were granted for Letters of Mark, vizt : 

To Thomas Bell, Commander of the Ship Speedwell, of the Bur- 
then of Tons, navigated by 25 men, Ten Carriage Guns, 
owned by John Maxwell Nesbitt & Co, 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 3 

To Robert Collings, Commander of the Sloop Friendship, about 
30 Tons Burthen, navigated by Twenty men, 6 Carnage Guns f 
owned by John Wilcocks & Go. 



In Council of Safety. 

Philab'a, Novem'r 14th, 1776. 

present; 
SAM'L MORRIS, Chairman. 

Owen Biddle, Francis Grurney, 

Fred. Kuhl, Henry Rippele, 

Jos. Blewer, Sam'l C, Morris. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay the Following Accounts, viz : 

Mr- Robert Towers' Acco't for Workmen's Wages, making Cart- 
ridges, &ca, i856 6 8. 

William Shaw's Acco'fc for cooperage of Powder, &ca., d615 13 9^ 
J2 1 7 to be charged to this State, the Remainder to Congress. 

Bowyer Brooks' Acco't for Oars & repairs for several of the 
Armed Boats, & for Building a Guard Boat, £106 Oil. 

Thomas Shoemaker, for 1700 Flints delivered Mr. Towers, £$ 
8 0. 

Daniel King's order to Mr, Jos, Turner, for J4 10 0, for Iroa 
Hoops, for the Use of the Brass Cannon Foundery. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Robert Jewell £48 14 1, for Wood &ca., for 
the Use of the Prisoners in the State Jail, to be charged to Con- 



Mr. Nesbitt to pay Joseph Wilson for repairing Arms for the 
Armed Boat Congress. 

Intelligence was rec'd fey express that several hundred Trans- 
ports had sailed from New York, & steered their Cource to the 
Southward, & expected to be intended for this City; whereupon, 
the Council wrote a Circular Letter to the Commanding Officers of 
the Battalion of Militia, earnestly requesting them to march their 
respective Battalions to this City Immediately. 

Adjourned to 3 o' Clock, 



4 MINUTES OF THE 

The following members met : 
THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President. 

Owen Biddle, James Cannon, 

John Bayard, Henry Keppele, jun'r, 

Samuel Morris, Sen'r, Sam'l C. Morris, 

Francis Gurney, Fred. Kuhl. 

Joseph Blewer, 
The Board of Warr was requested to send for Captain Stroh- 
bogh & the Company of Artillery under his Command, lately sent 
to Fort Montgomery, in New York Government. 

Resolved, That Col. Bayard be requested to get ready immedi- 
ately as many of his Battalion as are necessary to guard the State 
Prisoners to Lancaster & Reading. 

The Commodore was ordered not to suffer any sea Vessell to 
Pass through the Chevaux-de-Frize. 

Ordered, That Commodore Seymour do Immediately station 
one of the Armed Boats belonging to this State at or near Glo- 
cester Point, and exert their Utmost Vigilance in preventing all shal- 
lops from Passing down the river. Wood Boats are to be permitted 
to pass and repass. 

Met at 3 o'Clock. 
THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Presid't, 

David Rittenhouse, Sam'l C. Morris, 

Owen Biddle, Timothy Matlack, 

John Bayard, Fred. Kuhl, 

Francis Gurney, Joseph Blewer, 

George Gray, John Bull. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in fav'r of Elijah Dow, for 
£120 0, on Acco't of Work done for this State, to be charged 
to his Acco't. 

Mr. Robert Towers was directed to Deliver Col. John Dickenson 
150 Stand of Arms, & 150 Cartouch Boxes & Bayonet Belts, for 
the use of the 1st Battalion of the City & Liberties of Philad'a 
Militia, taking his receipt. 

Resolved, That Jacob Gerard Dyrohs, William Scull, & Mat- 
thew Henderson, be appointed Captains in the Continental Service. 
An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Thomas Dun- 
das, £500; & charge the Same to his acco't. 

[One and a half blank pages in Council Book.] 
Ordered, That the owners of Cattle and other stock near the 
river side, make the necessary preperations for removing the same, 
at least five miles from the river, on the Shortest notice, as it is 
Probable that this board may be under the disagreeable necessity 
of giving the most peremptory orders for their removal, and to see 
that the same be punctually & suddenly complied with. 



, 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 5 

In Council of Safety, Novem'r 15th, 177* 

present : 

THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, President. 

David Rittenhouse, Joseph Blewer, 

Owen Biddle, Francis Gurney, 

John Bayard, Fred. Kuhl, 

Geo. Gray, Henry Eippele, jun'r, 

Sani'l Morris, Sen'r, Timothy Matlack. 

Jno. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, was directed to pay the following 
Acco'ts. 

Col. Bayard for Expences going to Chester with General Arm- 
strong, &c, 57s, & 10s for Expences going to Fort — amo't 
M 7 0. 

Samuel Wheeler for the Balance of his Acco't, for Work done 
for Chevaux de Frize, £441 15 5£, & one acco't amounting to 
£77 7 5 J, for Work done for the Brass Cannon Foundery andbore- 
ing Mill. 

John Williams & Jacob Comly, for Hailing Timber for the 
Armed Boat Delaware, £8 11 3. 

Jacob Comley for Hailing Cannon from the State House to the 
Commons to be proved, £17 15 0. 

An order was drawn on Conyngham, Nesbitt, & Co., for Twenty 
five Blankets, to be delivered to Col. Gurney, for the use of Col. 
Humpton's Regim't. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay David Thomson £19 16 0, for the use of 
his wharf from 22 June to 26 Octob'r, is 198 days a 2s. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Mr. Robert Ir- 
win for £100, to be charged to his Acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Conyngham Nesbitt & Co., & Maurice Rog- 
ers, £208 9 6, for 121 Blankets. 

Mr. Towers was directed to deliver Capt. Wm. Brown 60 Pikes, 
45 Cutlasses, 2000 Musket Cartridges, 24 Puping Horns, 24 Bitts, 
& 24 Prickers, for the use of the Floating Battery Putnam. 

Capt. Wm. Richards was directed to provide for Capt. Wm. 
Brown 20 Stand of Irons & Handcuffs for the Putnam Battery. 

Mr. Towers, Commissary, was directed to deliver Col. John Bay- 
ard One Hundred & Seventy Stand of Arms for the Use of the 
2 Batalion of Militia of this City, taking his receipt for the same. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay to Levi Hollingsworth an order 
drawn on this Board by Stephen Ceronie in favour of Cornelius 
Stevenson, for £137 Penn'a Currency, dated St. Thomas, 9th June, 
1776. 

In conformity to a Resolution of the Honorable Congress, 

Resolved, That Mr. Samuel C. Morris be appointed to have the 
Care of the Prisoners of War within this State, and pay them the 
allowance granted them by Congress. 



6 MINUTES OF THE 

An orderjyas drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Henry MHlerJ 
for £103 (r 6, for Printing the Minutes &ea., of the Convention. 

Resolved, That Mr. James Dundass, Assistant Superintendanfc 
and paymaster for the Works at Billingsport, be allowed 2s 6 p. 
day over and above his pay,»in Consideration of Losses that may 
attend paying of moneys in such small Sums as his department 
must necessarily require. 



In Council of Safety, Nov'r. 26th. 

PRESENT *. 

THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, President. 

David Rittenhouse, Timothy MatlacL, 

Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, John Bull, 

Fred. Kuhl, Francis Gurney, 

Owen Biddle, Sam'l C. Morris. 

Joseph Blewer, 
• Capt. W'm Richards was directed to deliver Mr. Abraham Mason 
as much Sail Cloth as he may have occasion, to make Sails for the 
Ship Montgomery. • 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Messrs. Peter 
Dehaven & Co., for <£500, to be charged to tbeir acco't. 

Col. Matlack was directed to deliver Capt. Rd. Eyers 35 Blan- 
kets, for the Seamen on board the Delaware armed Boat 

An order was drrawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Mr. Robert 
Smith, for five hundred & fifty Pounds, towards Chevaux de Frize 
Built at Billingsport. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Mr. Owen Biddle for Lines, 
&ca., purchased by him for the service of this State, £339 12 10 J. 

Ordered, That Mr. Biddle be requested to employ persons to 
make up the Linen in his hands, belonging to this State, into shirts. 

An order was drawn on Jno. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, in favour of 
Lieut. Colonel Geo. Nagle, for 1,000 Dollars, to be charged to 
Col. James Irvine, of the 9th Penn'a Regiment. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Mary Miller 4s 8, for 7 dinners 
for Capt. Shade's Comp'y, Col. Miles' Batt'n. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Col. Richard 
Humpton, for 2,000 Dollars, to be charged to his Acc-o't. 

Col. John Bull was directed to deliver to George Losh one Tun 
of Salt Petre & Ten Hundred wt. of Powder, out of his Store at 
Norrington, taking his receipt. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Wm. Levering £27 14 0, for 
40 Pick Axes, & 2G Spades, delivered to Col. Bull, for the Fortifi- 
cation at Billingsport. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Wm. Levering *18 G 0, for 30 Spades & 12 
Pitching Axes, delivered Mr. Towers. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 7 

Information being laid before this Board that a Gentleman is 
now in this City who is well acquainted with Casting Brass Can- 
non, 

Resolved, That Mr. Rittenhouse, Mr. Biddle& Col. Matlack, be 
a Committee to confer with the Cannon Committee appointed by 
Congress, and in Conjunction with them, to concert and execute a 
plan for exerting the utmost skill of all our Artists in this Impor- 
tant Branch of Business. 



In Council of Safety, November 18th, 1776. 

PRESENT I 

DAVID EITTENHOUSE, V. P. 

Timothy Matlack, Joseph Blewer, 

Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, John Bull, 

Francis Gurney, Sam'l C. Morris, 

Fred. Kuhl, Owen Biddle. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Willing, Morris & Co., for 
Cartridge Paper, delivered to Mr. Towers. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay James Oellers £3364 4 0, for 128 Casks of 
Powder, delivered to Mr. Towers. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Jeremiah Burrows -£1269 7 6, 
for 1692 J Bushels of Salt, @ 15s. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Major Thomas Proctor £59 4 
1 J, for boarding of sick Soldiers belonging to the Artillery, & £50 
on acco't of recruiting Expences, to be charged to his Acc't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Allison & Wor- 
rel, for £50, to be charged to their Acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Emanuel Woodby -£11 10, for Boat Hire. 

Mr. Robert Towers, Commissary, was directed to Deliver to the 
Marine Committee of Congress 1500 Shot, for 24 pound'rs, 1800 
Shot, for 18 pounders, & 500 Bar Shot, for 18 & 24 Pounders, 
taking their receipt for the same. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Michael Grove, for riding Ex- 
press to Berks County, to order the Militia to hold themselves in 
readiness to march to this City, £5 0. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay George Ginter for riding Express to Berks 
County, t3 order the Militia to march to this City, £6 17 6. 

Resolved, That application be made to Congress for an order on 
their Treasurer for Forty Thousand Dollars, to be paid to Jno. 
Maxwell Nesbitt, Esq'r, on Acco't of the State of Pennsylvania. 

Ordered, That Lieut. Col. Gurney & Mr. Morris, wait on the 
President with the above resolve, and request an order accordingly.. 

In Consequence of the foregoing request, Congress sent an order 
on Michael Hillegas, Esq'r, for Forty Thousand Dollars, which 
Capt. Blewer is desired to deliver to Mr. Nesbitt. 



8 



MINUTES' OF THE 



Mr, Nesbitt was directed to deliver Capt. John Rice 20 Blankets, 
for the Use of the Armed Boat Convention. 

Resolved , That the pay of the Officers of the Armed Boats, in 
the Service of this State, be as follows, to commence from the first 
day of October last : 

Captain, 32 Dollars. 

First Lieutenant, 20 do. 

Second Lieutenant, 16 do. 

Master, 20 do. 

Captain's Cl'k, 12 do. 

Boatswain, 15 do. 

Gunner, 15 do. 

Carpenter, - 15 do. 

Steward, 12 do. 

Drum & Fife, 8 do. 

Privates, 8 do. 

Boy, 4 do. 

Adjourned to 3 o'Clock. 



Met at 3 o'Clock, Nov'r 18th, 1776. 

DAVID RITTENHOUSE, V. P. 

Owen Biddle, John Bayard, 

Francis Gurney, Sam'l C. Morris, 

Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, Timothy Matlack, 

Fred. Kuhl, Joseph Blewer. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Col. Francis Gurney =£102 1 10, 
for Blankets, Mittins, &ca. 

Resolved, That the Armed Boat Convention, commanded by Capt. 
John Rice, be ordered down to Cape May, to protect the trade of 
this State, agreeable to a request from the Secret Committee of 
Congress. 

The Following Instructions were delivered to Captain Rice : 



"In Council of Safety, Novem'r 18th, 1776. 



Sir 



The Secret Committee of Congress have informed this board that 
the Continental Cruiccrs are so employed that they cannot afford 
the necessary protection to the Trade of this State ; you are there- 
fore ordered to proceed to Cape May. You are not to leave that 
Station when any of the Enemie's Vessells arc at the Opposite 
Cape, and to use your best endeavours to protect all trading Vessells 
belonging to the United States of America, and to the Islands of 
Bermuda or Bahamas, or to any Foreign State, except under the 
Dominion of the King of Great Britain ; and in case of their being 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 9 

in distress, you are to grant them all the Aid and Relief in your 
Power, and upon any number of the Enemie's Ships appearing off 
the Coast, you are to give Intelligence thereof to Mr. Henry Fisher, 
of Lewis Town, with the Course they Steer, and such other Circum- 
stances relating to them as are of any importance to us ; or if you 
should be able to transmitt the Intelligence by express to us more 
expeditiously than Mr. Fisher, you are to do it. 

"And you are, at the same time, to use your endeavours to make 
Capture of and distress such of the Vessells belonging to the ene- 
mies of these States as come in your way ; but if it should appear 
to you that the Enemy are coming with a Fleet to invade this State, 
you are, in that case, Immediately to return with the Convention to 
Fort Island. 

" We confide in your discretion to execute the foregoing orders, 
so as to answer the Intention of this board, and that you will per- 
form such other service as the nature of your Station will require ; 
we therefore shall omit any further Instructions. , 

"N. B. If there are any vessels appear with an Ensign hoisted 
at the fore top Gallant mast Head, you may conclude it is a trading 
Vessel, in the Congress' Service, and you may give her any advice 
or assistance Accordingly ; That being their signal to the Light 
House. Save your Salt Provisions as much as Possible, & provide 
your men with Fresh, if to be had at as low a rate as of the Com- 
missary here." 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Capt. Jos. 
Blewer for £100, to be charged to his Acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay John Bray for Riding Express to Chester 
County, to order the Militia to March to this City £5 5 0, to be 
charged to Congress. 

Wm. Morris for do. to County, £5 5 0, do. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Mr. Towers' Acco't, £M 4 0. 



In Council of Safety, November 20th, 1776. 

present : 
THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, President. 

David Rittenhouse, Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, 

Owen Biddle, Francis Gurney, 

John Bayard, Sam'l C. Morris, 

Joseph Blewer, Fred. Kuhl, 

Timothy Matlack, George Gray. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Mr. Wm. C. Brad- 
ford for £739 15 0, to be delivered to Isaac Rodgers, Esq'r, of Allen 
Town, on Acco't of Pork he has contracted to purchase for this 
State, to be charged to Mr. Rodgers. 



10 MINUTES OF THE 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Hercules Courtney, for Candles for the Use 
of Fort Island, £23 4. 

George Rumhart for Porterage, Copper, &ca., to State House, 
£3 13 3. 

Daniel Offley for Iron Work for the Battery Putnam & Chevaux 
De Frize, &ca., £U 6 2. 

Resolved, That Mr. Wharton & Mr. Blewer be appointed to re- 
vise & Fix the Pay of the Fleet of this State. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Lewis Grant s£10 10 0, for Gun Ladle & Powder 
Measures, ^glO 10 0, for the Armed Boat Convention. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Augustus Rupple £b 0, for going Express 
to Bucks County, to order the Militia to March to this City. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Messrs. Peter 
Dehaven & Co., for .£500, to be charged to their acco't. 

xWr. Towers was directed to deliver to Messrs. Mease & Caldwell 
half a Block of Block Tin. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Messrs. Williams, 
towards the Armed Boat Delaware, to be charged to their Accounts. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Capt. Joseph 
Copperthwaite for Five Hundred Pounds, towards the Continental 
Powder Mills erecting in this State, to be charged to his Acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Michael Boyer for riding Express 
to Lancaster, York & Carlise, with marching orders to the Militia, 
&ca., £$ 10 0, to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay to Jonathan Martin for repairing 7 Guns 

jei 5 9. 

Adjourned to 3 o'Clock, afternoon ; when the following mem- 
bers met : 

THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, President. 

John Bayard, George Gray, 

Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, Joseph Blewer, 

Sam'l C. Morris, Samuel C. Morris. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Messrs. Willing & Morris for Handkuffs, & 
other materials delivered for the Use of the Fleet, £83 1 0. 

Mr. Zebulon Hollingsworth, or the person in whose care the 
Cannon Shott at the Head of Elk or Christian Creek, belonging to 
this State, was directed to deliver to the order of the Marine Com- 
mittee of Congress as much Shott as they may have Occasion for, 
taking a Receipt for the same. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Frederick Snieder ^5 10 6, for Riding ex- 
press to Reading to Countermand the Marching orders for the 
Militia, to be charged to Congress; & Leonard Lester to Easton 
■£5 j also Jacob Speight £± 7 6, to Chester County. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. > 11 



In Council of Safety, November 21st, 1776. 

present : 

THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r. President. 

Fred. Kuhl, Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, 

John Bayard, Joseph Blewer, 

David Rittenhouse, Geo. Gray, 

Francis Gurney, Sam'l C.Morris. . 

Timothy Matlack, 

Jno. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, Treasurer, was directed to pay Amer 
Grub £3 15 3, for 1002 feet of Scantling delivered Geo. Ingles, to 
be charged to this State. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Jacob Kisling, 
£10, for services rendered to the State, in producing a Model for a 
Fire-Ship. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to deliver to Pay Martin Pendergast, 
for Iron Work for Fire Rafts, &fea., &ca., (2 Acco'ts) £136 17' 5. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Conyngham, Nesbitt, & Co., 
£3,756 0, for 30 Casks of Indigo, being part of the Cargo of 
Ship Montgomery, bo't by Mr. Wharton & Col. Bayard, to be 
charged to their Acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay W'm Taylor £17 1 0, for Boatswains' Calls, 
for 8 of the Armed Boats belonging to this State. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Henry Miller £5 10 0, for Printing 1500 
Blank Commissions, for Officers of Flying Camp, by order of the 
Convention. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Geo. Weiss £5 0, for riding Express to 
Chester county, to order the Militia to hold themselves in readi- 
ness to March at a Short Notice ; to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay W'm Morris 15s. for going express to Ger- 
mantown. 

Mr. Nesbitt to Pay Geo. Schwartz for 9 Cartouch Boxes, a 9s. ; 
£-1 1 0, to be charged to Col. Galbreath. 



In Council of Safety, Nov'r 22nd, 1776. 

PRESENT I 

THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, President. 

David Rittenhouse, V. P. 

Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, Fred. Kuhl, 

Joseph Blewer, Sam'l C. Morris, 

George Gray, John Bayard. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Bazelee for Work done 
for the Galley Delaware Armed Boat, £13 3 6. 



12 MINUTES OF THE 

An order was drawn or Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Benj'n Eyre, 
for £161, to be charged to his Acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Joel Zane £1 19 0, for 2 Iron Potts, for 
the Franklin Galley, in October 1775. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. Ardt & Capt. Spear £9 7 
6, for Three drums for the Flying Camp. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Christian 
Shaffer, for One Hundred Pounds, to be charged to his Acco't, 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Christ'n, jun'r, & Charles Marshall £154 15 
10, for sundries had for the use of The Fleet. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Mr. John Wharton £50 0, for Expences 
Conducting Major French to New England, to be charged to Con- 
gress. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Jos. Ferree, in favour of Wm. 
Thompson, for Ten Hundred wt of Salt Petre, to be manufactured 
into Gun Powder. 

Resolved, That application be made to the Honorable Congress 
for the Loan of One Hundred Thousand Dollars, to be paid to 
John M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, for the use of the State of Pennsylvania, 
& that Messrs. Kuhl & Morris wait on the President with the above 
request. 

The Council adjourned to 3 o'Clock ; when the following mem- 
bers met : 

THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, Presid't. 

Owen Biddle, Joseph Blewcr, 

David Rittenhouse, John Bayard, 

George Gray, Timothy Matlack, 

Francis Gurney, Sam'l Morris, Sen'r. 

Sam'l C. Morris, 
Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Edward Stroud £10 12 6, for 
riding Express to Lancaster, York, & Carlisle, to order the Militia 
to march to this City, to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Dan'l King £31 19 4, for Copper Work, 
&ca., delivered to Mr. Towers. 

Agreeable to a resolve of this morning, Congress sent down an 
order on Michael Hillegas, Esq'r, Continental Treasurer, for One 
Hundred Thousand Dollars, which was endorsed by the President 
and directed to be paid to John M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, & Mr. Wharton 
was desired to deliver it to Mr. Nesbitt. 

John Biles was committed to the State Prison, he being charged 
by Mr. Woodrow, tho younger, & Mr. John Osborne of the Nor- 
thern Liberties, upon Oath, that he has been guilty of Treason 
against the United States of America. 

Ordered, That Mr. John Smith be requested to attend this 
board to-morrow morning at nine o'Clock, to answer such Questions 
as shall be asked him, respecting certain declarations said to have 
been made in his presence by Mr. John Swift, jun'r. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 



13 



In Council of Safety. 

Philad'a, November 23rd, 1776, 
Present : 
THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, President. 

David Rittenhouse, Timothy Matlack, 

Owen Biddle, Sam'lC. Morris, 

John Bayard, Joseph Blewer, 

Fred. Kuhl, Francis Gurney. 

Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, 
The Council being informed that there are many Sick Soldiers 
irrived in this City from the American Army, for whom no proper 
iccommodations are provided, and as humanity and good Policy 
•equire that the best Provision be made for restoring them to 
lealth, 

Resolved, That Col. Gurney be authorized and required to have 
me wing of the Bettering House cleared Immediately for the re- 
;eption of such sick and wounded Soldiers. 

Resolved, That Messrs. Richards & Towers furnish Mr. Romand, 
Engineer, with such materials as he may require to perform on 
Experiment, in order to give a Specimen of his Skill in destroying 
listant objects by Fire. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay to Mr. Jesse Jones, one of the 
Commissioners of Northampton County, £991, for Bounty Money 
or 323 men, directed by Convention to be paid for raising the 
frying Camp. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Henry Fraily £6 4, for re- 
miring Arms belonging to Col. Haller's Battalion. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Daniel King £10 10 10j, for 
3rass for Boring Mill; £1 17 0, for Copper Hinges, &sa., for 
franklin Armed Boat ; & £12 0, for 12 Twinequits delivered to 
Nuffield & Delaney. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Jacob Rittenhouse £10 19 2, for 263 lbs. of 
Cannon Cartridge Paper. 

Resolved, That the Salt now in the Possession of the Council of 
Safety be Immediately Sent to the Committee of the several 
Counties in the following Proportions, to wit : 

Bushels. 



More or less as the Quantity in 
Store may measure, 



Philad'a County - 


- 80 


Chester 


- 80 ^ 


Bucks - 


- 80 


Lancaster 


- 100 


York - - - 


- 80 


Cumberland - 


- 80 


Berks - 


- 80 


Northampton 


- 60 


Bedford 


- 60 


Northumberland - 


i 60 


Westmoreland 


- 60J 



14 MINUTES OF THE 

(The City & Liberties of Philadelphia having had a greater op- 
portunity of a Supply than the Counties, are not to have any part 
of this Quantity). 

The Committees are to sell it to the people at the rate of 15s 
1(J Bushel, and in no greater Quantity than half a Bushel to any 
one Family ■ They are to make as equal distribution as they can, 
according to the necessities of the People, for which purpose they 
are to require a decleration of what Quantity they are possessed of, 
more than their Just proportion of this necessary Article, at a time 
of such very great Scarcity of it. 

Mr. Owen Biddle is requested to employ proper persons to send 
the Salt to the respective Committees, with a Copy of this resolve 
to each, for which Service this board will allow a reasonable Com* 
pcnsation. • 



At a Special Meeting of the Council of Safety, November 24th, 
1776. 

PRESENT : 

DAVID RITTENHOUSE, V. P. 

Timothy Matlack, Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, 

Sam'l 0. Morris, Fred. Kuhl, 

James Cannon, John Hubley, 

John Bull, Henry Keppele. 

John Bayard, 

A Committee of Congress required an interview with as many 
Members of the House of Assembly as are in Town & this Council, 
whereupon a number of the Members of Assembly attended, & the 
following Resolutions of Congress were laid before the 

("Here follows one and a half blank pages in the Council Book.] 



In Council of Safety. 

Philad'a, Novem'r 25th, 1776. 

PRESENT : 

DAVID RITTENHOUSE, V. P. 

Joseph Blewer, Timothy Matlack, 

John Bull, Francis Gurney, 

Sam'l C. Morris, Owen Biddle. 

John Bayard, 
Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Nicholas Hicks £316 2, being 
in full for paving & repairing the Barracks. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay to John Hazlewood £150, to be 
charged to his Account. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 15 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay to Thomas Nevill £100, to be 
charged to his Account for making Gun Carriages. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay to Samuel Morris, Jun'r, 56500, 
to be charged to his Account. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Arthur Donaldson £200, to be 
charged to his Account. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Daniel Evans £80 0, for 
200 Pitching axes delivered to Mr. Towers. 

Mr. Towers was directed to deliver the Marine Committee of 
Congress 800 Swivel Shot, taking a receipt. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Henry Litman £55 6 2, for Iron Work for 
Fire Rafts. 

Resolved, That it is the Opinion of this Board, it is most prudent 
to pay Capt. Cochran's company, agreeable to their demand, there- 
fore recommend it to the Committee of Congress to pay his accounts 
as they Stand, especially considering the readiness with which 
they stepped forward at the late call of the Militia, and of the ne- 
cessity of an immediate call on them for the common defence. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favor of Capt. George 
Calhoon, for 200 Dollars, for recruiting Service, he to be account- 
able for it. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in fav'r of Capt. Matthew 
Henderson, for 200Dollars, for the recruiting Service, he to be Ac- 
countable for it. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay an order drawn by Vanbibber & 
Usher, of Baltimore, for £805 0, in favor of Mr. John Mease, 
for Freight of 23,000 lbs. of Gun Powder from St. Martins' to 
Baltimore, & now in the Warehouse of Isaac Vanbibber at that 
place. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Owen Biddle, Esq'r, £104 0, 
for attending the late Committee of Safety 260 days, @8s. 

Adjourned to 3 o'Clock ; when the following members met : 

DAVID RITTENHOUSE, V. P. 

Owen Biddle, Joseph Blewer, 

John Bayard, Sam'l C Morris, 

Timothy Matlack, George Gray. 

Francis Gurney, 
In Consequence of a meeting with as many of the Field Officers 
of the Battalions of the City & Liberties of Philad'a as could be 
convened, it was, upon consideration, agreed on to present a me- 
morial to the General Assembly on the Resolves of Congress with 
Respect to calling out the militia, and on the present State of the 
military Association ; and a Committee of this Board was ordered 
to prepare a draft of such memorial, to be delivered to the House 
to-morrow morning. 



16 MINUTES OF THE 



. In Council of Safety, November 26th, 1776. 

PRESENT : 

DAVID RITTENHOUSE, V. P. 

Sam'l. Morris, Sen'r, Sam'l C. Morris 

Timothy Matlack, John Bayard, 

Joseph Blewer, John Hubley, 

James Cannon, Francis Gurney. 

Owen Biddie, 
Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. Wm. Scott £1 11 6, for 
repairing Arms. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay .Mr. Robert Towers his Acco't for Men's 
wages, making Cartridges, &ca ; &ca, £52 2 6. 

Resolved, That Mr. Kuhl & Mr. Keppele be appointed to Audit 
& Settle the Accounts of the Commissioners of Bedford County, 
for Calling out the Militia for the Protection of the Frontiers of 
the State. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Hagan, £2 19 6, for 
Sundry Services in Carting for Col. Attle's Batt'n, while at Ches- 
ter, & Sundries for Col. Waijer's Batt'n, £1 10 to be charged to 
Congress, & £1 9 6, to be charged to this State. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Col. Richard 
Humpton, for Two Thousand Dollars, to the purpose of paying 
Bounty money for His Regiment, to be Charged to his Acco't. 
[Here insert the memorial to Assembly.] 
Ordered, That Col. Matlack & Mr. S. C. Morris wait on the 
Hon'ble House of Assembly, with the foregoing Memorial. 
Adjourned to 3 o ; Clock. 



Met according to adjournment. 
DAVID RITTENHOUSE, V. P. 

Owen Biddie, Fred. Kuhl, 

Joseph Blewer, Sam'l C. Morris, 

Francis Gurney, John Hubley, 

Timothy Matlack, James Cannon. 
Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay an order drawn on this board 
by Ross & Ega, in fav'r of Levi Hollingsworth, for Five Hun- 
dred Pounds, on Acco't of Cannon Shot cast by them. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Mr. William 
Rush, for £250, on acco't of Work done for the State, to be charged 
to his Acco't. 

Resolved, That the regulations concerning Salt, of the 15th Oc- 
tober last, be continued untill the 1st day of January next, and 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 17 

that Messrs. George Schlosser, Jacob Schriner, Philip Boem, Wil- 
liam Moulder, William Will, Geo. Bartram, Samuel Simpson, 
Nathaniel Dennel, Thomas Guthbert, Sen'r, "Richard Dennis, John 
Taylor, & Wm. Robeson, be appointed to carry them into execution 
and to distribute the Salt imported, in the most Equitable manner^ 
between the Inhabitants of this and the neighbouring States. 



In Council of Safety, November 27th, 1776. 

PRESENT : 

©AVID KITTENHOUSE, V. R 

Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, Joseph Blewer, 

Owen Biddle, Fred. Kuhl, 

•John Hubley, Timothy Matlack, 

Samuel C. Morris, Francis Gurney. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Bernard! 
Dougherty, Esq' r, for £549 1 0, for the Pay of a Company of 
Bangers, Commanded by Capt. Baxter, raised in Bedford County,, 
for the defence of the Frontiers of this State, against the depreda- 
tions of the Indians., agreeable to a resolve of Convention. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of John Flemingj 
for Thirty seven pounds ten Shillings, for the purpose of Purchas- 
ing Coarse Woolens, &ca, for this State, he to be Accountable. 

Resolved, That Peter Grubb, jun'r, & James Lang, be appointed 
Captains in the 10th Battalion of Continental Troops raised bj 
this State, Commanded by Col. J. Penrose, 

Resolved, That the Council will receive applications for Commis- 
sions in the 10th Batalion of Continental Troops to be raised bj 
this State, under the command of Colonel Joseph Penrose, until 
the 2d Day ©f December next, after which they will proceed to the 
appointment. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Mr. Benja- 
min Loxley, for One hundred Pounds, for carrying on the Cannon 
Foundery, charged to his Aeco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Spangler & Wiley £15 5 0, for 
riding Express, Horse Hire, -&ca. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Mr. John Dunlap £35 16 0, for Cartridge 
Paper, Printing, &ca. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. Peter Hardman, £10 12 
9, for collecting Arms, &ca., in Chester County. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Wolery Meng for 195 Bayonet scabbards 
<d'd to Mr. Towers, £29 5 0. 

Agreeable to the resolution of Congress of 23rd Instant, respect- 
<£ag the Calling out part of the Militia of this State, an order was 
YOh. xi. — 2. 



18 MINUTES OF THE 

sent down from Congress on Michael Hillegas, Esq'r, Treasurer to 
the Continent, dated the 25th Inst., for Thirty five Thousand Dol- 
lars, for advancing a Month's pay to each man who shall enrol him- 
self to serve 'till the 10th March next, unless sooner discharged. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Lewis Grant ^6420 0, for Cop- 
per work for the Floating Battery Putnam. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favor of John Mitchell, 
Esqr., for ^61500, to be charged to his Acco't. 

Resolved, That Joseph Erwing, Jos. McClelan, be appointed 
Captains in the 9th Pen' a Regiment, Commanded by Colonel James 
Irvine. 

Mr. Nesbitt is John Elmslie £Q 5 0, for Turner's Work . de- 
livered to Col. Clement Biddle, to be charged to Congress. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Christopher 
Breidenhart, for thirty- seven pounds ten shillings & six pence, for 
repairing of Guns for the Militia. 

Mr. Kuhl took the order of Congress, & received the sum of 
35,000 Dollars, which he deposited with the Council. 

Adjourned to 3 o' Clock, when the following Members Met : 

DAVID RITTENHOUSE, V. P. 

Owen Biddle, Fred. Kuhl y 

John Hubley, Timothy Matlack, 

Sam'l C. Morris, Samuel Morris. Sen r r. 

Joseph Blewer, 
Gentlemen, 

In full Confidence of your prudence and Activity, the Council do 
hereby appoint and Authorize you, in Consequence of several re- 
solves of Congress, to call upon the Housekeepers of this City 
and Liberties, for as many Blankets and woolen Stockings as each 
Family can spare, for the Use of the American Army, and if any 
person shall be so Insensible to the distresses of our Countrymen 
now in the service, and to the dictates of Humanity, aa to refuse, or 
anywise withold them, you are to make use of proper foree. You 
are to pay a reasonable price for the Blankets and stockings so 
taken, for which purpose you will be supplied with money by this 
Board ; they are to be delivered, as Collected, to Messrs. Mease & 
Caldwell. 

Resolved, That John Davis be appointed Captain in the Ninth 
Pennsylvania Regiment, in the Continental Service, to be com- 
manded by Colonel James Irvine. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 19' 



la Council of Safety, November 28th, 1776. 

present : 
DAVID RITTENHOUSE, V. P. 

Owen Biddle, Fred. Kuhl, 

JohnHubley, Sam '1 Morris, Sen'r, 

Joseph Blewer, Timothy Matlack, 

Sam'l C. Morris, James Cannon, 

John Bayard, Francis G-urney, 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in fav'r of Messrs. Peter 
Dehaven & Co., for £500, on Acco't of the Lock Factory, to be 
Charged to his Acco't. 
Town meeting. 

Adjourned to 3 o' Clock. 



Met at 3 o'Clock, according to adjournment. 
DAVID RITTENHOUSE, V. P. 

Owen Biddle, John Eubley, 

Joseph Blewer, Fred. Kuhl, 

James Cannon, John Bull, 

Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, Francis Gurney. 

Timothy Matlack, 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay the following Accounts : Jacob 
lubell, £2 10 0, for going express to Northampton ; Ebenezer 
jundy, for 200 Cartouch Boxes, &200 Bayonet Belts, £137 10 0. 

Capt. Henry Lott, two acco'ts, amo't £52 11 3, for Arms Pur- 
hased in Bucks County, & taken into Service, to be Charged to 
oL Hart; also an acco't £5 4 0, for Expences Collecting Arms. 

Benjamin Poultney, for Procuring Intrenching Tools, &ca., £10 

0. 

Col. Kirkbride £3 10 0, for 7 p'r Stockings. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Mr. James 
>undass, for £500, on Acco't of the Fortification at Billingsport ? 
) be charged to his Acco't. . 

Resolved, That the Officers & Men of the Artillery in the* ser- 
lice of this State be allowed the same pay and allowance as the 
Jfficers & Men in the Continental service, from the next Pay-day. 

I Resolved, That Col. Bull be ordered to send the Men that were 
Imployed at Billingsport, down to that place to-morrow Morning. 

II Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Peter Brown £320 1 3, for 
onwork done for this State. 



20 MINUTES OF THE 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Jeremiah Baker £253 7, for 
Wood delivered at Barracks near this City, to be charged to Con- 
gress. 

Ordered, That Capt. Joseph Blewer be ordered to apply to the 
Marine Committee, for the Cannon which have lately Arrived in 
the prize Vessels that they may be mounted on Traveling Car- 
riages. 

Ordered, That Capt. Joseph Blewer be ordered to make inquiry 
after suitable Cannon, to mount upon traveling Carriages, and ap- 
ply to the owners for them. 

Resolved, That Thomas Bartholomew Bowen be appointed a 
Captain in the ninth Pennsylvania Regiment in the Continental 
Service, Commanded by Colonel James Irvine. 

Ordered, That Mr Robert Towers be directed to deliver the Pub- 
lic Arms to the Commanding Officers of Companies of Militia of 
the City & Liberties, upon their application, taking receipts for the 
same. 

Resolved, That the necessities of divers poor persons, women, 
children, &c, belonging to the Army, in passing thro' this City, re- 
quires the attention of this Board, and therefore the several mem- 
bers are required to relieve them as occations may offer, and this 
board will pay the Expence. 

Resolved, That the Salt to be sent to the several Counties of 
this State be sold out to the Militia only who go into actual Ser- 
vice at this time, or to their families, in the manner directed in our 
resolve of the 23rd Instant, as sent to the Committees. 



In Council of Safety, Novem'r 29th, 1776. 

PRESENT : 

DAVID RITTENHOUSE, V. P. 

Samuel Morris, i Fred. Kuhl, 

John Hubley, Henry Wynkoop, 

Francis Gumey, Sam'l C. Morris, 

Joseph Blewer, John Bull. 

John Bayard, 
An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Col. Jas. 
Penrose, for 2000 Dollars, towards recruiting expenses for Tenth 
Penn'a Regiment, in Continental Service, to be charged to his 
acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Mr. Matthew 
Irwin, for ,£1200, for the purpose of purchasing Blankets, &c, 
from the Inhabitants of the City & Liberties. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Geo. Hutton & others, for Forty 
Dollars, as a reward for apprehending John Denover, a highway 
rober. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 21 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Geo. Ginter, for going express to York, Cum- 
berland, & Lancaster Counties, to order Militia to March, £11 17 
6, charge Congress. 

James Barnes, for Glazing at the Hospital on Province Island, 
£4 2 6. 

Esther Burke, for 10 Weeks' nursing Sick Soldiers, £5 10 0. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in fav'r of Lieut. Col'l 
Nagle, for 3000 Dollars, to be charged to Col'l James Irvine of 9th 
Regiment. 

Mr. Nesbit was directed to pay Icabod Groves for 25 tons Bal- 
last, £5. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Fred. Verner £10, for Riding 
Express to York, Lancaster. & Cumberland Counties, to counter- 
mand marching of Militia. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Pringle £243 15, for 130 
Barrels Turpentine, (in Mr. Pringle's Store). 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Capt'n Nathan Gibson £6 5 0, for Powder 
Horns, &ca., &ca., to be charged to Col. Paschal] . 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Mr. Henry Wynkoop £44 18 8, 
for repairing Arms of Col. Kechline's Regiment. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Mr. Wynkoop £1 12 0, for expences for 
collecting Arms from Non-associators in Bucks County, & £5 10 0, 
for a Riffle ; £5 10 0, to be charged to Colonel Joseph Hart. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Andrew Ashton £4 10 0, for Iron Work for 
the Armed Boat Delaware. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Christian Dull ^18 9 9, for 
dieting Flying Camp men, to be charged to Congress ; also £3 0, 
for nursing of Sick men. 

Resolved, That Mr. George Bickham be employed as Quarter 
Master for this State, with the rank, pay, & Rations of a Captain ; 
and that Mr. Biddle is to send, under his care, to the Pennsylvania 
Battalion, now Commanded by Major Williams, such a supply of 
Clothing as he has in his Possession, that they may Stand in 
need of. 

Agreeable to resolve of- Congress, a Commission for Letter of 
Marque was this day granted to Michael Barstow, Commander of 
the Brig Industry, mounting Ten Carriages' Guns, (4 Pounders,) 
Burthen about 100 Tons, navigated by Twenty-five men, owned by 
Blair McClenachan. 

Resolved, That Mathew Brooke, Leonard Stoneburner, and Jacob 
Engle, do provide as many Teams as they can Immediately to re- 
move the Stores from this City, for which service they are autho- 
rized to pay Two shillings & ten pence ^jj mile, for carrying Twenty 
Hundred weight from Philad'a, and shall be allowed Fifteen Shil- 
lings ^ day each for their own Trouble, while they are employed 
in this service. 



22 MINUTES OF THE 

Resolved, That this Council will provide generously, and in the 
least exceptionable manner they can devise, for the Families of the 
associators, who shall march into New Jersey to Join General 
Washington, Exclusive of their pay, out of such monies as they 
have at their disposal, unless the House of Assembly shall, before 
that time, make the Interposition of this board Unnecessary. 

Adjourned to 3 o'Clock, when the following members met: 

DAVID RITTENHOUSE, V. P. 

Owen Biddle, Timothy Matlack, 

Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, Francis Gurney, 

John Hubley, Henry Wynkoop. 

Joseph Blewer, 
An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Colonel Rich- 
ard Hampton, for 2000 dollars, for the purpose of paying Bounty 
money & recruiting expences for the Eleventh Penn'a Regiment. 



In Council of Safety, November 30th ; 1776. 

PRESENT : 

DAVID RITTENHOUSE, V. P. 

Owen Biddle, Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, 

John Hubley, Joseph Blewer, 

Fred. Kuhl, Henry Wynkoop, 

Francis Gurney, Sam'l C Morris, 

John Bull, James Cannon. 

Jno. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, was directed to pay Capt. William 
Brown £214 9 9, being the Balance of his acc't for Bounty mo- 
ney & recruiting expences, &ca, & Sundry necessaries for the Put- 
nam Battery. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Captain Henry Lott, of Bucks 
co, Three days Pay for himself, 2 Lieutenants, 2 Sergeauts, one 
Drumer, & 16 Privates, they being on March to this City by a late 
order of the Council, to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Henry Wynkoop, Esq'r, for 
arms, &ca, Purchased by him & delivered to the Militia, Balance 
£10 10 0, also .£223 16 4£, being the Balance of his acco't as 
Treasurer for the Committee of Bucks County for 

Ordered, That the proportion of Salt belonging to this State for 
the County of Philadelphia, be immediately put into the Hands of 
the Colonels or Commanding officers of the Battalions of Militia of 
said County, to be sold out on the terms mentioned in our resolves 
of the 23rd Instant, to the Militia who go into actual Service 
only. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 23 

Resolved, That in the present allarming situation of our affairs, 
it is Highly expedient that no vessells should be suffered to depart 
this Port untill further orders from this board. 

The Commodore was directed to stop all vessels from passing 
thro' the Chevaux de Frize. 

Ordered, That Capt'n William Brown do furnish a Guard for 
the Salt Vessels, when applied to by the Salt Committee for that 
purpose. 

Resolved, That money be sent immediately to the Colonels of 
the Militia of Chester, Phila'd, Bucks & Northampton Counties, '& 
City of Philadelphia, to Supply the Families of such associators as 
go into actual service and may stand in need of the same; and that 
each Battalion do Choose two subalterns, substantial Freeholders, 
who are to receive from the Colonels of their respective Battalions 
the said money and distribute it amongst the said Families, from 
time to time, according to their need, in the most discreet manner, 
for which money they are to account with this board. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Col'n Timothy Greene the sum 
of fifty-two pounds ten shillings, for the attendance of fifers and 
Drummers to his Battalion in Lancaster County. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Michael Goodman £4 16 0, k 
John Rabson 17s 6, for Porterage of Stores for Mr. Towers. 

Adjourned to 3 o' Clock, when the following members met: 

DAVID RITTENHOUSE, V. P. 

Owen Biddle, Francis Gurney, 

Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, John Hubley, 

Fred. Kuhl, James Cannon, 

Joseph Blewer, John Bull. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Matthias Woolfert £42 0, 
for 600 Bushels of Coal, delivered to Major Loxley, for the use of 
the Brass Cannon Foundery. 

Mr. Richard Dormond was employed by this Council to procure 
10 Waggons at the Same rate Mr. Brooks was employed yesterday, 
if he procures 10 waggons, & in proportion for any lesser number. 

December 2nd, 1776. 

Resolved, That Mr. Abraham Hargues be appointed first Lieu- 
tenant under Captain Long, in the 10th Battalion, Commanded by 
Col. Penrose. 

Resolved, That Mr. William Brown be appointed first Lieuten- 
ant under Captain Irwin, in the 9th Battalion, Commanded by 
Colonel Irwin. 

Resolved, That Mr. Joseph Carson be appointed Paymaster to 
the Second Battalion of associators of this City. 

Wm. Parr, Esq'r, was directed to remove all the Records and 
Public Papers in his Possession to Lancaster immediately. 



24 MINUTES OF THE 

Resolved, That the members of Assembly be requested to nomi- 
nate suitable persons for Field Officers to Command the militia in 
the Counties of Lancaster, York, Berks, Cumberland, Bedford,, 
Westmoreland, and Northumberland, and return their names to- 
this Council to be Commissioned. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Messrs. John Barnhill & John 
Wilson ^150 0, for the purpose of Purchasing Blankets & Stock- 
ings from the Inhabitants of this city, to be charged to their acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Hill & Marrot £94 12 8, for a flat Bottom 
Boat, Oars, &ca. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Alexander Mackey £71 5 0,. 
& £106 17 6, for Waggon Hire, &ca., to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Wm. McMullen £42 2 6, for days' works on 
board the armed Boat Convention. 

Resolved, That Mr. Joseph Redman, Jun'r, be appointed Sur- 
geon, & Mr. Hugh Hodge, Jun'r, Surgeon's mate, to Colonel Bay- 
ard's Battalion of Militia of the city of Philadelphia. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Jacob Myers £12 16 10, for Smith's Work 
done at Fort Island. 

Capt. Newman is permitted to take one or £wo of the Field pieees- 
in the State House yard, & proceed with them and his men to the 
assistance of G'l Washington. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Major Lewis 
Nicola for £150 0, on acco't of Repairs of Barracks, 5 &ca., to 
be Charged to his acco't. 

Resolved, That Mr. Isaac Coates & Mr. Conrod Weaver be added 
to the Committee appointed to Collect Blankets & Stockings. 

Resolved, That Capt. Samuel Williams be appointed Lieut't ?/ 
& Capt. Thomas Read to join General Washington. 

Adjourned to 3 o'Clock. 



At a Special meeting of the Council of Safety, December 1st, 1776. 

present : 

David Rittenhouse. John Hubley, 

Owen Biddle, James Cannon, 

Timothy Matlack, Joseph Blewer, 

John Bull, Fred. Kuhl. 

Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, 
Resolved, That Mr. William Richards & Mr. Mathew Clarkson 
be appointed to provide every necessary for accommodating the 
militia ou their passage from here to Trenton, to have Oars fixed to 
each Shallop, and proportion the number of men each can carry. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 25 

Dispatched expresses to Chester, Philad'a, Bucks & Northamp- 
ton counties, to hasten the march of Militia to reinforce Gen'l 
Washington in New Jersey. 

Adjourned to 3 o'Clockj when the following members met : 

DAVID RITTENHOUSE, V. P. 

Owen Biddle, Jos. Blewer, 

Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, Fred. Kuhl, 

Timothy Matlack, Sam'l C. Morris, 

John Bull, James Cannon. 

John Hubley, 
Resolved, That Major Proctor do send fifty of his Privates with 
proper officers, under the Command of Captain Thomas Forrest, to 
General Washington, without delay, that they are to take with 
them two Brass Field pieces belonging to this State, and Major 
Proctor is to lay before this board an estimate of Stores, waggons, 
and Camp equipage, necessary for that service, that they may be 
supplied without delay. 

Resolved, That Mr. John Morris, jun'r, be appointed to act as 
Quarter Master of the Militia of this State, now ordered into Ser- 
vice, with the Rank, pay and Rations of a Lieutenant Colonel, and 
that he make application to the Quarter Master General for orders 
to prepare suitable Quarters for the Militia at Trenton, or such 
other Place as may be necessary, and that he pay due Obedience to 
such orders and Instructions as he may receive from him or the 
Deputy Quarter Master General. 



In Council of Safety, December 2nd, 1776. 

present : 

David Rittenhouse, Ty. Matlack, 

Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, Fred. Kuhl, 

Owen Biddle, John Hubley, 

James Cannon, Sam'l C. Morris, 

Joseph Blewer, John Bayard. 

Resolved, That all Vessells Cleared out at the Naval Office before 
this date, be suffered to depart this Port and Pass thro' the Ghevaux 
de Frise. 



2G MINUTES OF THE 

Met at 3 O'Clock. 

PRESENT t 

TWOS. WHARTON, jun'r, President- 
David Rittenhouse, Jos. Blewer, 
James Cannon, Fred. Kuhl, 
John Hubley, Sam'l Morris, Sen'r. 
Timothy Matlack, 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favor of Elijah Dow, for 
£35 0, to be charged to his acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favor of Jacob Lush, for 
one Ton x>f Salt Petre to manufacture. 

Resolved, That no person be permitted to pass over the Ferries 
on Delaware and Schuylkil from this City with fire-arms, without 
especial orders from this Council. 

Resolved, That Mr. John Fromberger, do deliver to Mr. Towers 
the 6000 Knap Sacks in his possession. 

Resolved, That Major Lewis Nicola be appointed Town Major, 
and directed Immediately to .enrol all such persons as are not fit to 
march with the militia, in the several wards in the City, as Guards. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Col. John Cad- 
walader, for 3,500 Dollars, to be charged to his acco't, being for the 
purpose of paying a month's advance to his Battalion of Associators. 

Mr. Towers was directed to deliver Major Sam'l Nicholas 300 
Bayonet Belts & Cartoueh Boxes. 

Mr. Nesbitt # was directed to pay Gunning Bedford £120 ^, 
for Carting sundries for Fire Rafts & other services for that purpose. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay John Huddle £93 12 0, for 117 Barrels of 
Tarr delivered to Captain Hazlewood. 

Resolved, That such of the inhabitants of the several wards in 
this City and districts as are not fit to march into the Field, do form 
themselves into Companies, in order to Guard the powder Magazine 
and Fire Rafts; to Patrol the streets at Knight, and do other duties 
that may be found necessary, for which service they are to receive 
Continental pay, and that they may enrol themselves immediately 
under Lewis Nichola, Esq'r, Town Major. 

Delivered Captain Huston 11 Rugs & Blankets. 
1 Resolved, That Captain Lang be permitted to enroll so many men 
as Volunteers to join his Company, as may be sufficient to augment 
said Company to seventy six privates, such Volunteers to enter into 
immediate pay, and to serve one month, unless sooner discharged ; 
no men to be taken who are already enroled in any of the militia 
Battalions of the City & Liberties, or Counties in this State. 

Resolved, That it is the opinion of this board, that all the shops 
in this City be shut up, that the schools be broke up, and the in- 
habitants engaged solely in providing for the defence of this City 
at this time of extreme danger. 






COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 27 



In Council of Safety. 

Philad'a., Dec'r 3rd, 1776* 

PRESENT : 

THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, President. 

John Bayard, James Cannon, 

David Rittenhouse, Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, 

Joseph Blewer, Fred. Kuhl, 

John Hubley, Francis Gurney, 

Owen Biddle, 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in fav'r of Messrs. Peter 
Dehaven & Co., for ^S500, to be charged to their acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Colonel John 
Bayard, for 3000 Dollars, for the purpose of paying his Battalion 
a Month's Wages, to be charged to his acco't. 

An order was drawn in favour of Wm. Parr, Esq'r, for £100. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Matthew Moffatt, ^30 0, towards Iron 
work done for the Chevaux de Frize. 

An order was drawn in fav'r of Major Proctor, for dS500.) 

An order was drawn in fav'r of Commodore Seymour, 400 Dol- 
lars. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of James Barnes, 
£'100, to purchase Blankets, to be charged to his acco't. 

General Washington having recommended that the Militia of 
the State of Pennsylvania be formed into Brigades, and Officers 
appointed to command them • therefore, 

Resolved, That the associators of the City & Liberties of Phila- 
delphia, be formed into one Brigade under the command of Colonel 
John Cadwalader, as eldest Colonel. 

An order was drawn Mr. Nesbitt, in fav'r of Christian Shaffer, 
for £100, to be charged to his acco't. • 

An order was drawn in fav'r of Messrs. Williams, for £150, to- 
wards building the Delaware Armed Boat, to be charged to their 
acco't. 

The officers of the Second Battalion of Militia, having expressed 
some dissatisfaction with our appointment of Joseph Carson as 
Paymaster; therefore, 

Resolved, That Doct'r David Jackson be appointed Paymaster in 
his Stead, to the said Battalion, he being recommended to us by 
the said Officers. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Catharine Barr 10s for delivering a Gun 
left at her House by a deserter. 



28 MINUTES OF THE 

In Council of Safety. 

Philadelphia, December 3rd. 

Ordered, That the Ferryman of this City & Liberties, do im- 
mediately take over to Cooper's Ferries all their Boats, and the 
two large flat bottom boats belonging to this State, now at Ken- 
sington, under the care of Captain Benjamin Eyre, to transport the 
Maryland flying Camp across the Delaware to this City. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Richard Chew £4 14 6, for Stone delivered 
at the piers at Fort Island. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favor of David Potter, 
for £400 0, to be charged to his acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in fav'r of Mr. John Hub- 
ley, for the Committee of Lancaster County, for £200, for the use 
of poor Associators' Families now in the Flying Camp. 

Mr. Towers was directed to deliver Col Richard Hampton, of 
the 11th Pen'a Regiment in Continental Service, such arms & ac- 
coutrements as he may want for his Reg't, taking a receipt. 

Delivered 5 Blankets for the use of Capt. Copperth wait's Comp'y, 
of 1st Batt'n of this City. 

Adjourned to 3 o'clock; when the following members met: 

THOMAS WHARTON, Jun'r, President. 
Owen Biddle, David Rittenhouse, 

John Hubley, John Bayard, 

Joseph Blewer, Sam'l Morris, sen'r. 

James Cannon, 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of ¥m. Bowen, 
for £100 0, to be charged to his Acco't. 

Delivered to Capt'n Tho's Fitzimons 40 Blankets. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Joseph Bergstotter 30s, & Jacob 
Stroud £8 0, for a Riffle Gun lost on Long Island, to be charged 
to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Wm. Smith £37 6, for diching, &ca., at 
Fort Island. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Mr. Owen 
Biddle, for £1000, to be charged to his Acco't. 

Resolved, That the Members in General Assembly for the 
Counties of Philadelphia, Chester, Bucks, & Lancaster, be applied 
to Immediately, to recommend proper persons in their respective 
Counties, to be employed by this board to Hire all the waggons in 
their Counties. 

Resolved, That this board will furnish any persons who may form 
themselves into a Troop of Horse, with a brace of Pistols and a 
Broad sword; and it is recommended to the persons so forming a 
Troop, immediately to choose their Officers and Prepare to march, 
to Join General Washington with all expedition in their Power. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 29 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Edward Wawhap £10 11 0, for Linen & 
woolen Cloth, &ea. 

An order wag drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in fav'r of Col. Jno. Bay- 
ard, for 1500 Dollars, to be charged to his acco't. 

Col. Stroud, for a Musket, £1 10 0. 

Resolved, That the Militia of Northumberland County who turn out 
as Volunteers, do choose proper persons to be recommended to this 
Council, to be appointed Field Officers for the Battalion of said 
County. 

An order was drawn on Jno. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, in favour of 
Colonell Cadwalader, for =£500, to be charged to his acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Mrs. Savadge £15 0, to be charged to Mr. 
Thomas Savadge. 

The Council being informed that some waggons have lately been 
impressed into the public service by mistake, do hereby assure the 
Public that it is not their intention to impress any except in cases of 
the utmost necessity, they having employed proper persons to give 
generous prices to those who engage voluntarily, which, we hope, 
will render impressing unnecessary. 

Resolved, That Mr. John Schafferbe appointed paymaster of The 
First Battalion of Militia of the City & Liberties of Philadelphia. 



In Council of Safety, December 4th, 1776. 

PRESENT : 

THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President. 
David Rittenhouse, James Cannon,' 

Frederick Kuhl, John Bayard, 

Timothy Matlack, Jos. Blewer, 

Owen Biddle, Francis Gurney. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Captain Sharp 
Delany, for £100 0, for the purpose of providing for the families 
of his Company of Militia while in service, to be charged to his 
acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Henry Wawhup for <£8 15 0, for 8| yards of 
Clothe, & Sam'l Dickey £15 5 0, for 15£ yds. do. 

Capt. Wm. Richards was directed to deliver Mr. Daniel Evans 
half a Ton of Iron, for Tire for Gun Carriages, he to be ac- 
countable. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Messrs. Robins, Dun, & Hail, ^150 0, to 
be charged to their acco't. 

The Council having found it necessary to call the attention of the 
Good people of this City to measures for its Immediate defence, or- 
dered that the Shops should be shut up, &c. The readiness with 
which this order has been Complied with by all ranks of men, affords 



SO MINUTES OF THE 

an instance of Public virtue greatly to the Honor of the City; But 
as the Associators who are about to March must be supplied with 
the necessaries which they may want, it is, therefore, earnestly re- 
commended to all persons to give the Associators all the Assistance 
of every kind, which may be in their Power, anything in said Re- 
solve notwithstanding. 

Resolved, That no Landlord or other Creditor ought to distress 
the Family of any associator while he is out in the Service of his 
Country, and that this Council will take notice of any Complaint 
which shall be made against such as shall he found to transgress 
this resolution. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in fav'r of James Biddle, 
Esq'r, for £15, to defray the Expence of conveying the public 
Papers to Reading. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Doct'r Robert 
Harris, for £58, for making Powder for Congress, to be charged 
to his Acco't. 

Mr. Towers was directed to deliver Doct'r Robert Harris one 
Ton of Salt Petre, & Sulphor in proportion, to make into Gun 
Powder. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Colonel Arthur 
Irwin, of Bucks County, for £375, advance money for his Batta- 
lion, to be charged to his Acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Holmes for Wood & other 
Necessaries for Prisoners & Officers' Servants at Carlisle, £12 
17 2. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Wm. Tod £18 10 0, for Carriage wheels de- 
livered to David Pancoast, to Mount Cannon on Carriages, to be 
charged to Congress. 

The Wardens of this city having represented to the Council the 
great Inconvenience which would ensue, if the watchmen were 
obliged to March with the Militia, and the board being of opinion 
that it is absolutely necessary for the Safety and protection of the 
property and Families of the Militia in their absence, as well as of 
the inhabitants in General, that the watchmen light the Lamps and 
Patroll the streets as usual ; therefore, 

Resolved, That the several watchmen in this City be permitted 
to remain and do pass as heretofore. 

Adjourned to 3 o'Clock; when the following members met : 

THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President. 
David Rittenhouse, Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, 

Owen Biddle, Joseph Blewer, 

James Cannon, Fred. Kuhl, 

John Hubley, John Bull. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. Geo. Goodwin, £121 10 
11, being the Balance of Pay due to his Company of Militia of the 
1st Battalion of the City & Liberties of Philadelphia, when in Ser- 
vice last Summer. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 31 

A Comm'n was Granted to Stephen Beasley, 2nd Ensign to 
Cap't Jno. Wharton's Comp'y of 3 Batt'n of the City & Liberties 
of Philad'a. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay George Way for 4 pair of Wheels d'd to 
Thomas Nevell, £10 15 0. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Colonel Jacob 
Morgan of the 1st Batt'n of the City & Liberties of Philad'a, for 
£1500, to advance a month's pay to his Battalion, & charge the 
■same to his Acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Anthony Morris, jun'r, £30 18 
0, for Beer deliver'd to John Coburn. 

The following Resolve of Congress was directed to be put on the 
Minutes : 

" In Congress, December 4th, 1776. 

" Resolved, That it be recommended to the Council of Safety of 
Pennsylvania, to detain the Printers engaged in Printing Certifi- 
cates for the Continental Loan Offices, and to direct that they Con- 
tinue Executing the business in which they are employed. 
" Extract from the Minutes, 

"CHA'S THOMSON, Sec'y." 

Resolved, That David Hall, Francis Wrigley, John Harris, John 
George, Henry Miller, & William Smith, Workmen in Hall & Sel- 
lers' Printing Office, be detained for the purpose mentioned in the 
above Resolves of Congress. 

Commissions was granted to Jacob Morgan, Colonel k W. 
Coates, Lieutenant Colonel of the 1st Battalion of Associators of 
the City & Liberties of Philadelphia. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to receive of Mr. Jacob Schriner 
£6&3 17 6, for Salt sold belonging to Stephen & Jos. Shewell & 
Jos'a Fisher & Son. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Jacob Parke £53 10 0, for 107 
axes delivered to Capt. Bickham. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Jno Morton M 6 0, for Wharfage of the 
Floating Battery Arnold, in March last. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Col. Gurney £1Z 0, for 52 lb. of Nitre, 
lelivered to Mr. Towers. 

Mr. Nesbitt to. pay Elias Bottler £9 10 6, for 127 lbs. of Trail 
Rope for Cannpn, delivered to Mr. Towers. 

Resolved, That Thomas Marie be employed to fix the Boom to 
lie Piers at Fort Island, and to be stationed there to have the Care 
»fit, to receive orders, and be Subject to the Commanding officer at 
hat Station, and he is to employ a sufficient number of handtf ? 
,nd do this Business without any delay.. 

Resolved, That Jacob Hinman and John Clew be permitted to 
ontinue at the old Ferry, it being expected that Troops from New 
r ersey will Pass over to this City ; and that they may be wanted. 



32 MINUTES OF THE 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. Wade for drummers & 
fifers Wages, £16 10 0. 

Resolved, That Mr. Hugh Craig be appointed paymaster to the 
11th Penn'a Roginient in Continental Service, Commanded by 
Col. Richard Humpton. 



In Council of Safety, December 5th, 1776. 

present : 

THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, President. 

Owen Riddle, Fred. Kuhl, 

John Hubley, Jos. Blewer, 

Samuel Morris, Sen'r, Timothy Matlack, 

Francis Gurney, James Cannon. 

John Bayard, 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Hugh Cunningham 56152 15 
0, for 235 pair Shoes d'd to Capt. Bickham, Q'r M'r. 

Mr. Towers was directed to deliver to Major. Loxley, 30 lbs. Salt 
Petre, Ten pounds of Powder, & 6 Quire of Port Fire Paper, for 
the use of the State. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Mr. Christopher Ludwick £11 
5 0, in part for Services done at Camp last Summer, to be charged 
to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Rob't Bailey £25, for the sup- 
port of families of Poor associatprs families, during their absence 
in Camp, of Capt. McElwain's Company of the 3rd Batt'n of this 
City, to be charged to his acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay David Kennedy £108 8 0, for Cloth deliv- 
ered to Capt. Geo. Bickham, Q'r M'r. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. John Hulings, of Col. 
Woods' Battalion, for 500 Dollars, for the purpose of recruiting 
men. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay James Worrel & Rob't Allison £259 7 5, 
being the Balance of their Acco't for Work done at Fort Island, 
from 15 July to 17 August. 

The Following Commissions were granted for the 2nd Battalion 
of the City and Liberties of Philad'a : 

Matthew Erwin & Benj'n Harberson, Esq'r, Captains; Cha's 
Win. Peal, 1st Lieu't; Haverstick, Ensign; Jos. Red- 
man, j'r, Surgeon; & Hugh Hodge, j'r, Surgeon's Mate, & Wm. 
Means, 2nd Lieutenant, 

Commissions were Granted to the following Gentlemen : John 
Eyre, Esq'r, Captain; Wm. Brown, 1st Lieutenant; John Brown 
2nd Lieu't ; & Samuel Williams Lieutenant in artillery of Militia, 
associated for the defence of the Liberties of America. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 33 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Michael Groves £9 0, for riding Express 
to call the militia, & hasten their March to join General Washing- 
ton, to be charged to Congress. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in fav'r of Col. Francis 
Gurney, for 1000 Dollars, for the use of Col'l Humpton's Reg't, t 

to be charged to him. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Mr. John Dunlap £150 13 0, for Cartridge 
Paper delivered to Mr. Towers. 

Resolved, That Mr. Wm. Crespin be imployed to take 50,000 
Musket Cartridges to Camp, and distribute them to such of the 
Associators as the Commanding Officer may direct. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Messrs. Peter Dehaven & Co. 
£500, & charge the same to their acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Rob't Towers, Commissary, £52 18 7£, for 
men's Wages, &ca. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Mr. John Fullerton £50, for 
the purpose of supplying the families of Associators in Capt. Sem- 
ple's Company, in 3rd Batt'n of the City & Liberties of Philad'a, 
& charge the same to his Acco't. Also to pay Mr. James Cannon 
,£50, for the use of the Families of Associators in Captain Harbe- 
son's Company of the 2nd Battalion. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Wm. Fulton J108 10 0, for Cloth delivered 
to Capt. Bickham. 

Mr. Towers was directed to deliver to Major Lewis Nicola 78 
Stand of Old Arms & 3 Rounds of Ammunition for each, to mount 
Guard in & near this City. 

Mr. Thomas Marie was directed to take ten men to Fort Island, 
in order to fix the Boom under the direction of Major Thomas 
Proctor, & Capt. Richards was directed to supply Mr. Marie with 
Tackles & other necessaries for that purpose. Mr. Marie was di- 
rected to take the Barge belonging to the Ship Montgomery. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Capt. Jacob Gerrard Dirk 200 Dollars to in- 
list men, to be charged to Col. James Irwine, of the 9th Penn'a 
Reg't, in Continental Service. 
Adjourned to 3 o ? Clock. 



Members met. 
THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President. 
David Rittenhouse, Fred. Kuhl, 

John Hubley, John Bayard, 

Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, John Bull, 

Geo. Gray, James Cannon. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Lawrence Souder, on acco't of 
Mr. John Britton, for £100, to be charged to Mr. Britton. 
VOL. XL— ^. 



34 MINUTES OF THE 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Mr. James 
Dundass, for £500, to be charged to his acco't. 

Resolved, That the Pennsylvania Hospital be taken up and em- 
ployed for the sick Troops of the Continental Army, in Compliance 
with a request of Congress, and that the said Troops be provided 
with Medicine and every necessary. 

Resolved, That Major William Masters be appointed Paymaster 
to the Artillery (Militia) of this State. 

Resolved, That Mr. Nathaniel Luff be appointed Surgeon of the 
First Battali'on of Militia of the City & Liberties of Philad'a. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in fav'r of Mr. Wm. Mas- 
ters, for J650, being for advance money to Artillery Companys, to 
be charged to his acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Matthew Young £20 10 0, for Painting the 
Armed Boat Convention, &ca. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Christopher Key £3 0, for a pair of Cart 
Wheels delivered to Mr. David Pancoast, to be charged to Congress. 

Resolved, That Mr. Christopher Marshall be employed to assist 
the Physicians in providing for the sick, and that he have authority 
to employ proper persons to assist him in procuring Houses for them 
to lodge, and such other necessaries as may alleviate their distresses 
& render them comfortable. 

Resolved, That John Nelson, Esq'r, be appointed Captain of a 
Company of Foot in the 9th Penn'a Regiment, Commanded by 
Colonel James Irvine, in Continental Service. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in fav'r of Capt. John Nel- 
son, of the 9th Penn'a Regiment, Commanded by Col. James Irvine, 
for four Hundred Dollars, to be charged to the Colonel. 

Resolved, That Mr. Robert Martin be appointed Paymaster 
to the Northumberland County Militia, now going into Service. 

Capt. Matthew Smith is promoted to a Majority in the 9th Bat- 
talion, Commanded by Col. Irvine. 

Resolved, That Major Henry Becker of the 10th Battalion, be 
promoted to Lieutenant Col. in the 6th Battalion, Commanded by 
Ool. Magaw. 



In Council of Safety, December 6th, 1776. 

present : 

Tho's Wharton, jun'r, Fred. Kuhl, 

David Rittenhouse, Owen Biddle, 

Benj'n Bartholomew, Joseph Blewer, 

John Hubley, 
An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Lieut. Col 
Thomas Hartley for 3000 Dollars, for recruiting Service for the 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 35 

7th Penn'a Reg't ia Continental Service, to be charged to hig 
acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in fav'r of Lt. Col. Francis 
Johnson, for 1000 Dollars, for recruiting Service for 5th Reg't, 
charged to his acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay George Weis £55 11 8, for 7 Dozen & 8 p'r 
of Stockings. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Rob't Erwin £300, for the payment of waggon 
Hire, to be charged to his acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay to Mr. Nicholas Low £75 5 0, for 158 Cutt- 
lasses d'd to Mr. Towers. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Benj'n Armitage 16s for dieting 2 Indians, 
to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Joseph Ross £Q 16 6, for Swanskin, &ca. de- 
livered to Capt. Bickham, Qr. Mr. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Jacob Dies £5 0, for going express to hurry 
the marching of Militia to Join General Washington. 

Capt. G. Resberg, A. D. Q. M. Gen'l, was directed to take up 
the Colledge Hall to Store the Medicine sent from Head Quarters. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Kinsel £6 0; George 
Weis £3 15 0^ Wm. Morris £11 13 0, and John Bray £11 3 0, 
for going express to call the Militia to Join Gen. Washington. 

Mr. Nesbitt ordered to pay Col. Joseph Penrose fifteen hundred 
Dollars, to be charged to Col. Penrose acco't. 

An orde rwas drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in fav'r of Mr. Wm. Masters, 
for £200, to advance Money to Artillery of the Militia of this 
City. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in fav'r of Mr. Thos. Nevil, 
for £200, to be charged to him. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in fav'r of Mr. Rob't Jewell, 
for 300 Dollars, to be charged to his acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Col. Robert Lewis £400, for ad- 
vance money to his Battalion of Militia of Philad'a Co., to be 
charged to his acco't. 

Resolved, That Maj'r Adam Hubley be appointed Major of the 
Tenth Pennsylvania Regiment in Continental Service, Commanded 
by Colonel Joseph Penrose, in the room of Major Henry Becker, 
Promoted, 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Capt. Elijah Davis £69 14 0, for arms Pur- 
chased for his Company, & for Drummers & fifers wages £63 6 6, 
to be charged to the Captain, & £6 7 6 to this State. 

A Commission was granted to Mr. George Evans, Surgeon to the 
3 Battalion of Militia of the City & Liberties of Philadelphia. 

Resolved, That Major Isaac Melchor, Mr. Thomas Smith and 
Captain William Davis, be authorized and empowered, with Mr, 
Christopher Marshall and Mr. Thomas Casdrop, to provide and take 
care of the Sick Troops daily coming to this City from Camp, and 
that they make use of any Empty Houses and Stores, and other 

I 20943 5 



36 MINUTES OF THE 

buildings in this City and the Liberties thereof,- which they may 
think convenient for Lodging such Troops ; and that they take to* 
their assistance in performing the said Trust, such discreet Per- 
sons as to them shall seem meet, and this board will defray every 
expence thereof. 



December 6th, 1776 >— Met at 3 o'Clock. 

THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President. 

David Rittenhouse, John Hubley, 

Owen Biddle, Francis G-umey, 

Benj'n Bartholomew, Joseph Blewer, 

Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, James Cannon. 

Fred. Kuhl, 
Mr. Nesbittwas directed to pay Colonel Balzer GeehrdEll 7 4 y 
for repairing arms,- & £85 8 0, for arms taken from non-associa- 
tors, to be charged to the Col ; Col. Sebastian Levan £88 2 6, for 
arms taken from non-associators, to be charged to Col. Levan. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in fav'r of Major Philip 
Marsteller, for £600, he to be accountable to the board for the 
same. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Mr. Carson £11 0, for one pair of 
delivered to David Pancoast. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in fav'r of Col. Andrew 
Kechline, £500 advance money for his Battalion, to be charged to 
his acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Major Philip Marsteller M7 19 4, for Ex- 
pences of a Guard at Heidelburg, during the absence of the Militia 
last Summer, to preserve the peace of the Town, to be charged to 
Congress. 

Resolved, That all River Craft be permitted to pass from this 
Harbour as Usual, notwithstanding the embargo on sea vessels. 



In Council of Safety, December 7th, 1776. 

present : 
THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, Presid't. 
Timothy Matlack, John Hubley, 

Owen Biddle, Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, 

Joseph Blewer, Fred. Kuhl. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Wollry Meng for four Blankets, 
@ 35s, £l 0, Mr. Phillip Hinkle *7 0, for 14 pr. Stock- 
ings, Jacob Miller 13s for a Blanket. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 37 

Elias Edidle £21 0, for Cloth & Blanketing d'd to Capt. 
Bickham, Q'r M'r. 

Resolved, That this Port shall be opened on Monday next, and 
all Vessells be allowed to pass and Repass. 

Resolved, That application be made to Congress for One Hun- 
dred Thousand Dollars, to be applied towards Furnishing the seve- 
ral officers with Bounty. Money for enlisting men on the new Es- 
tablishment, and other Exigencies of this State, and that Mr. Mor- 
ris and Mr. Kuhl wait on the President for that purpose. 
- Commissions were filFd up and delivered to Mr. John Hillings 
ibr 3rd Lieu't of the 1st Batt'n of the City & Liberties of Philad'a, 
John Bartholomew 1 Lieu't, Jeremiah Fisher 2nd Lieu't, & John 
Ruper, Ensign, in the 2nd Battalion of the City & Liberties of 
Philad'a Militia. 

Mr. Nesbitfc was directed to pay 
Wm. Thomson &18 3 6, woolen & Linen Cloth, *) delivered to 
Wm. Robison, 14 for a Blanket, > Capt. Bickham, 

Tho's Ward, £29 9 10, for Cloth, ) Q. M. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Mr. Wm. Mas- 
ters, for £500, to be charged to his acc't, for advance money for 
Artillery. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in fav'r of Lieut. Col. Gur- 
oey, for 1000 Dollars, for recruiting service- for the 11th Penn'a 
Reg't, to be charged to Col. Richard Humpton. 

Agreeable to request of this board to Congress, for an order for 
one Hundred Thousand Dollars for Recruiting service, 

An order drawn on Michael Hillegas, Esq'r. Continental Treas- 
urer, was sent down for that sum, which was endorsed by the Pres- 
ident & directed to be paid to Jno. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, Treas'r to 
this board, & Mr. Wharton was requested to deliver it to Mr. Nesbitt. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Cap'n Daniel Larew, £58 13 6, for arms 
taken from non-Associators, to be charged to Col. Jos. Kirkbride, 
& £4 10 for repairs of Arms. Also, £17 6 for expences Col- 
lecting arms. 

Commissions were granted to Wingate Newman, Captain; Wm. 
Baxter, Cap'n Lieut. ; Nathaniel Wallace, 2nd Lieut. ) & John Sober, 
Lieut, fire Worker of artillery in the Militia of the City & Liberties 
of Philad'a. 

Adjourned to 3 O' Clock afternoon; When the following mem- 
bers met : 

DAVID RITTENHOUSE, V. President. 
Owen Biddle, Chairman. 

Francis Gurney, Sam'l Morris, sen'r, 

James Cannon, John Hubley, 

John Bull, Jos. Blewer. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favor of Amos Wilkin- 
son, for 200 Dollars. 



38 MINUTES OF THE 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Geo. Weis £1 0, for a Blanket. 

Christiana Reese £29 9 3, for Cloth. 
Resolved, That the several Schools in this City be opened on 
Monday next, and the Education of Youth be carried on as usual. 

Doctors Duffield & Delany were requested to furnish the Surgeon 
of the 1st Battalion of Philad'a Militia, with such medicines as he 
may want. 

Major Lewis Nicola, Town Major, was directed to detach a suf- 
ficient number of men enrolled under him as City guards, to escort 
the Prisoners of war now confined in the State prison, to Newtown, 
Bucks County, in order for exchange, by order of General Wash- 
ington. 
Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay William 

Rush for Horse Hire for Expresses, £2 5 
Augustine Ruppele, for going express to 

Northumberland County to hurry the To be charg- 

marching of Militia, 13 15 )■ ed to Con- 

George Weis, for Riding express to Mary- gress. 

land, 6 5 | 

Geo. Gunther, for Riding express & at- 
tending with his Horse, 5 17 6 J 
Whereas, The safety and security of every State depends on the 
virtuous exertions of individuals in its defence, and as such exer- 
tions can never be more reasonable and necessary than where a peo- 
ple are wantonly invaded by a powerfull army, for the avowed pur- 
pose of enslaving them, which is at present the unhappy situation 
of our neighbouring States, and which may hourly be expected in 
this; therefore, 

Resolved, That no excuse ought to be admitted or deemed suf- 
ficient against marching of the Militia at this time, except sickness, 
infirmity of Body, age, Religious Scruples, or an absolute order 
from authority of this State. 

Resolved, That it is the opinion of this Board, that every person 
who is so void of Honor, virtue and Love of his Country, as to re- 
fuse his assistance at this time of eminent public danger, may just- 
ly be suspected of designs Inimical to the Freedom of America; And, 
Where such designs are very apparent from the Conduct of Partic- 
ular persons, such persons ought to be confined during the absence 
of the Militia, and the Officers of this State to have particular regard 
to the above resolve and to act accordingly, with vigour, Prudence 
and discretion, Reserving appeals to this Council, or a Committee 
thereof, where the same is requested. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 39 



At a Special Meeting of the Council of Safety, December 8th, 
1776—2 o'Clock, morning. 

PRESENT : 

DAVID BITTENHOUSE, V. Presid't. 
Timothy Matlack, James Cannon, 

John Hubley, Francis Gurney, 

Fred. Kuhl, Joseph Blewer. 

A letter was laid before the board from Col. Bayard to Mr, An- 
drew Hodge, dated at Trenton, 2 o'Clock yesterday afternoon, in- 
forming that General Howe was advancing at the Head of his 
Army towards Head Quarters at Princetown. 

Whereupon Commodore Seymour was sent for and directed to 
order all the armed Boats to be dispatched to Trenton Immediately, 
to assist in removing the Stores & any other service that may be 
required. 

Adjourned of 9 o'Clock, when the following members met : 

DAVID BITTENHOUSE, Vice President. 

John Bull, Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, 

Timothy Matlack, John Hubley, 

James Cannon, Jos. Blewer. 

Owen Biddle, 
Ordered, That the several Ferries, over Schuylkill, be put in a 
condition to give the utmost assistance to the Citizens, and others, 
who may have occasion to and repass in this Time of danger. 

The Commodore was ordered up with the armed Boats to pro- 
ceed to Trentown, and put himself under the directions of Gen'l 
Washington, &c. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Lieut' t Hen- 
derson & Boyd, for Ten Thousand Dollars, for recruiting service for 
12 Penn'a Regiment, to be charged to Colonel Wm. Cook. 

Adjourned to 2 o'Clock, afternoon, when the following members 
met : * 

DAVID BITTENHOUSE, V. P. 

Timothy Matlack, Owen Biddle, 

Joseph Blewer, James Cannon, 

John Hubley, Frederick Kuhl. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt for £500, to be paid to 
Christoph'r Marshall and Comp'y, to be charged to their acco't. 

, Letters were dispatched to the Colonels or Commanding Officers 
of the several Battalions of Militia in this State, informing them of 
the movements of the Enemy, ani entreats them to march with 
their Battalions to suceour General Washington, & empowering 
them to impress Waggons to assist the Inhabitants of the Country 
to remove their effects, if not to be had without. 
Adjourned to 6 o'Clock. 



40 MINUTES OF THE 



Met : 

THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, President, 
Owen Biddle, Joseph Blewer, 

Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, John Bull, 

Timothy Matlack, John Hubley, 

David Rittenhouse, James Cannon. 

Francis Gurney, 



December 9th, 1776. 
Met: 

THOS. WHARTON, Presid't. 

David Rittenhouse, V. P. 

Owen Biddle, John Hubley, 

Joseph Blewer, James Cannon. 

Timothy Matlack, 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt'n Joseph Blewer £150, for 
the use of the Poor associators' Families of Southwark. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay to Mr. Wm. Chrispin £20, to 
defray the expence of transport'g Powder to the Army. 

Do. was directed to pay Wm. Richards £425, which with 1000 
Dollars he rec'd for 500 bushels Salt, bro't to the State of N. Jer- 
sey, make £800, to be charg'd to his acco't. 

Capt. Geo. Bickham, Q'r M'r, was directed to deliver to L't 
Colonel Gurney 150 Suits of New Cloaths for Col. Humpton's 
Reg r t. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in fav'r of Capt'n Geo. Bick- 
ham, Q'r M'r, Blfty Pounds, to purchase Blankets, &c, to be 
charged to his acco't.V 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in fav'r of Jacob S. Howell, 
for £54 0, for services as Secretary to this board to this day. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Mr. Timothy 
Barret, for the support of the Poor Associators' Families of Capt'n 
Wade's Company of the City of Philad'a, for £12 0. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Frederick Schneider £14 0, 
for attendance on the Council to this time. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Philip Boehni 
of Northampton County, for one Thousand Dollars, for the use of 
the Militia of that County. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in fav'r of Peter Dehaven 
& Co., for £500, to be charged to their acco't. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 41 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Lieut. Win. 
Moore of the 2nd Pen'a Reg't in Continental Service, to be charg'd 
to Col. DeHaas, for recruiting service. 

Resolved, That an order be given to John Bray, or any other 
Constable, to impress a Close Carriage with Horses from Jame3 
Pemberton, John Pemberton, Israel Pemberton, or Sam'l Emlen, 
jun'r, to remove General Roberdeau to Lancaster. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay John Litle for 273 lbs. of nails, £27 6 0, 
for the use of the Salt works on Tom's River. 

Mr. Robert Towers was directed to send 3 or 4 Tons of Powder 
to the Committee of Lancaster, to be stored there. 

Resolved, That the regulations lately adopted by this Council 
concerning Salt be no longer continued, and that all persons shall be at 
Liberty to import that Article, and sell it in such manner and such 
prices as they shall find voluntary Purchasers. 
Adjourned to 3 o'Clock. 



Met at 3 O'Clock. 

TH'S WHARTON, j'r, Pies' t. 

OwenBiddle, D. Rittenhouse, 

John Hubley, Francis G-urney. 

Jos. Blewer, 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in fav'r of Capt. Jacob Ge- 
rard Dyrk, for 300 Dollars, for recruiting Service, to be charged to 
Col. James Irvine. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt'n Michael Hahn £7 6 1, 
for expences of a Comp'y of Militia, for Drums, &ca., 1 Ratt'n 
York Co. 

Wm. Brady £39 9 6, for Cloth, &ca, &ca. 

John M'Dowell £2 2 0, for Lead. 

Jos. Stride for Painting Gun Carriages, &ca., £Q1 4 0, 2 acco'ts. 

Resolved, That the Inhabitants of this City who have Bar Iron 
or other Stores necessary for Public or Private use, be freely per- 
mitted to sell as usual. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favo'r of Thomas Davis, 
for £100, to be charged to his acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in fav'r of Chris' r Marshall, 
Sen'r, for ^100 0, to supply the Families of Poor Associators 
of Capt'n Bruster's Company. 

Resolved, That our Treasury and the Books of that office be 
removed to Lancaster, & that a waggon be provided to-morrow mor- 
ning early for that purpose. 

Resolved, That Mr. Robert Erwine provide John M. Nesbitt, 
Esq'r, with the first waggon that comes in for the service of the 



42 MINUTES OF THE. 



In Council of Safety, December 10th ? 1776. 

present : 
THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President. 

David Rittenhouse, V. P. 

Owen Biddle, Chairman. 

Francis Gurney, Joseph Blewer, 

James Cannon, John Hubler. . 

Mr. Towers was directed to deliver Capt. Jehu Wood of Col. 
Ellis, of Glocester County, New Jersey, Seven Stand of arms, to be 
charged to him. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Robert Towers £73 1 2i, for 
mens' wages, Making Cartridges, &ca, £73 1 2|. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Thomas Oliver £24 0, for his wages work- 
ing in Labretory. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Wm. Roberts £58 2 7, for Carpenters' Work 
at State House. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in fav'r of Capt. George 
Bickham, for 5000 Dollars, to be charged to his acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Capt. Francis Grice £26 6 0, for Expences 
of waggons, &ca. 

Capt. Geo. Bickham was directed to pay Wm. McCormick £2 
10 0, for bawling 10 Loads of Coal. 

Capt. Bickham to pay James Coffie £44 11 1, for work done on 
board the Delaware armed Boat. 

Resolved, That the W r ardens of this City be empowered to em- 
ploy persons to Patrole the Streets, in order to prevent riots, burg- 
larys, and other disorders, and that they be directed to pay particu- 
lar attention to the security of the Inhabitants,, taking care not to 
employ any Persons disaffected to the present established Govern- 
ment. 

An order was drawn on Capt. Geo. Bickham, in favour of Balser 
Spangler, for £169 9 8, lor wagon Hire & other expences, in Con- 
veying British Prisoners from Yorktown to Brunswick. 

An order was drawn on Capt. Geo. Bickham for Fifty Pounds, 
for Losses sustained by him in the service of this State. 

Frederick Sneider was authorized to impress four Horses for Ex- 
presses. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in fav'r of John Mitchel, 
Esq'r, for £1500, to be charged to his acco't. 

An order was drawn on Capt. Geo. Bickham, in fav'r of Lieuts. 
Butler, Montgomery, Dunn, & Davis, for forty Pounds, to be 
charged to Congress, for riding Express. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Geo. Bickham, in fav'r of Doct'r 
Jonathan Potts, for £250, to remove and Provide for the sick 
soldiers, & charge the same to bis acco't. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 43 

Henry Tudor i?10, for a month's Wages as Pilot on board the 
Ship Montgomery. 



Met at 3 o'Clock, Decem'r 10th, 1776. 

OWEN BIDDLE, Chair'n. 
F. Gurney, Jos. Blewer, 

James Cannon, . John Hubley. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Geo. Bickham, in favour of Capt' 
Jos. Blewer, for £250, to supply the Families of Militia at Camp, 
charge the same to his acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Bickham, £100, in fav'r of Proctly 
Blackston, to supply the Families of Capt. Hugh Lenox Com- 
pany, to be charged to his acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Bickham, in fav'r of Capt. Stephen 
Cromzine, for £15 0, to be distributed among the Families of 
the Poor Associators in his Company, of Berks County. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Bickham for Thirty Pounds, for two 
month's pay, to be due the 21st Inst. 

An order on Mr. Bickham, in fav'r of Capt. Rich'd Brown of 
Col. Miles' late Keg't. 

Mr. Bickham to pay Tho's Adams £1 5 0, for attendance on this 
Council. 

Mr. Bickham to pay Mathew Greer 5611 7 6, for Cloth delivered. 

Mr. Bickham to pay Thomas McKewn .£39 4 0, for Shoes & 
Stockings delivered. 

Resolved, That Six Honest and discreet men be appointed by 
this board to examine into the causes of the Commitment of Messrs. 
William Smith, Joseph Stansburry, and others, and if upon such 
examination it shall appear to them that they have been guilty of 
any practices tending to alienate the minds of the people from the 
present Government of this State, or any thing treasonable against 
the same, to certify such practices and things, and confirm the Com- 
mitments of the said Persons, or any of them, until discharged by 
this Council, or some other authority under the same, but if upon 
such examination, there shall not appear reasonable cause of Com- 
mitment of such persons to discharge them, or any of them, from 
their Confinement, on making and subscribing a decleration of Fi- 
delity and Allegiance to this State. In the mean time Mr. Robert 
Jewell is directed and authorized to keep Messrs. Wm. Smith, 
Joseph Stransburry, & others, in Custody un till so discharged. 

The Council being informed by General Washington that he had 
given notice to the several Colonels of Bucks County Militia with- 
)ut delay to March their men to Head Quarters, and as it appears 
;o this board, that the measures taken by the General is essentially 
lecessary at this Critical time ; it is therefore 



44 MINUTES OF THE 

Resolved, That the Colonels or Commanding officers of that 
County comply with the General's request without delay, any order 
of this board before this nowithstanding. 



In Council of Safety, Dec'r 11th, 1776. 

PRESENT : 

DAVID RITTENHOUSE, V. P. 

Owen Biddle, Jos. Blewer, 

John Hubley, James Cannon. 

Capt. Geo. Bickham to pay Jos. Mcllvaine £66 11 1, for Ex- 
pences in removing prisoners of war from Bristol to Reading. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Sam'l Wheeler for Smith's 
work £56 16 10. 

Robert Fitzgerald £40 2 5, for Blockmaker's work, &ea. 

Col. Jos. Penrose of 10th Pen'a Reg't, 2000 Dollars for recruit- 
ing service, to be charged to his acco't. 

David Pancoast to purchase Wheels, &ca. for Gun Carriages 
£150. 

Thomas Nevill £200, to be charged to his acco't. 

Resolved, That Captains Johnston's & Bethel be appointed to as- 
sist Col. Dean & Lieu't Jos. Watkins, in having the Continental 
Stores removed, and that they have powers to procure Guards 
from the Town Major, and every other power necessary for effectually 
performing the service. 

Capt. Geo. Bickham was directed to pay Wm. Morris £5 5 0, 
Edward Stroud £20 0, & John Bray £2 10, for riding express to 
the Country & attendance, to be charged to Congress. 

Col. Evan Evans of Chester County £2 9 4, for expence of 
carrying Baggage from Chester County, & £2 5 for Flints & Lead 
for the use of his Battalion, to be charged to Congress. 

Maj'r Proctor £300, to be charged to his acco't. 

Arthur Donaldson £100, to be charged to his acco't. 

Bernard Galgher for a Towline for the Floating Battery Putnam, 
£19 1 3. 

Sam'l Moore £100, for the use of Poor Families of Capt. Fal- 
coner's Company of the 3rd Battalion of this City Militia whose 
Husbands are at Camp. 

Col. James Moore of Chester County £100, to pay a month ad- 
vance to his Battalion, to be charged to his acco't. 

An order for £188 11 4, on G. Bickham, in favour of John 
Redman, for 

An order was drawn on Capt. Bickham, for £22 12 6, in fav'r 
of Capt. Martin Wirt, for his own & 6 Semens' wages on b'd am- 
munition Sloop. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 45 

Isaac Yanost £7 10 0, for 60 Guner's Handspikes, d'd Mr. Jno. 

Peter Groves £2 5 0, for attendance on the Council. 

John Denton £33 16 0, for Breeches, &ca., delivered. 

Jost Driesbach £40, to be charged to his acco't as Lieut, in 
Capt'n Shade's Company in Col. Miles' Battalion. 

Capt. John Redman was directed to pay Daniel Evans £56 9 6, 
for Blacksmith's work done; Henry Sanderson £31 18 10, for 
Swanskin, Towlinen, &ca; Wm. Grant £12 16 3, for Swanskin, 
&ca ; Martin Wirt in the Service, £70, to be charged to his acco't. 

James Biddle, Esq'r, for his attendance with the late Commit- 
tee of Safety, 148 days a 8s, £59 4. 

The following resolution of Assembly was ordered to be inserted 
in the Minutes of this Council : 

« In Assembly, December 10th, 1776, P. M. 

'' On Motion, 

" Resolved, That Andrew Caldwell, Joseph March, William 
Moore, Joseph Dean, Jonathan Bayard Smith, Thomas Fitzsim- 
mons and George Campbell, be appointed assistants to the Council 
of Safety, who are desired to enter immediately on that Service, 
who with the said Council, are hereby authorized and required to 
exercise the same powers the said Council have heretofore Exer- 
cised, untill further orders from this House. 

" Extract from the Minutes, 

"CALEB DAVIS, Cl'k, pro. temp." 

Adjourned to 3 o'clock. 



Met at 3 o'clock. 

THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President. 
David Rittenhousb, V. P. 

Jos. Blewer, John Hubley, 

James Cannon, Sam'l C. Morris, 

Francis Gurney, Owen Biddle, 

Wm. Moore, Timothy Matlack. 

Mr. John Redman to pay Capt. Robert Adams, for Drummers 
& Fifer's wages, £10 10 0. 

Mr. Redman to pay Capt. Andrew Rab £15 17 6, for Drums, 
Fifes, &ca. 

To pay Wm Trumbull £6 16, for Cartouch Boxes & Bayonet 
belts, delivered to Mr. Towers. 

Philip Wert £70, to be charged to his acco't. 

Sam'l C. Morris £30, on account of his Wages for attendance 
in Council, to be charged to his Account. 



46 MINUTES OF THE 

Abraham Mason £17 15 2, for making Sails, &ca. ? for the 
armed Boat Convention. 

John Annis £17 2 6, for men's wages for quilting Grape Shot, 

Capt. Snively of Col. Potts' s Battalion £36 5 4, for Blankets, 
arms, &ca., &ca. 

Capt. Lower for expences in collecting arms, &c, &c, £9 '8 9. 

Capt. Richard, arms & other expences for the Company, £22- 
15 6. 

Mr. Towers was directed to deliver Mr. S C. Morris 50 axes for 
Continental Service. 

Mr. John Redman was directed to pay Samuel Miller £1240 
7 7, being for wages & Rations of a Company of Foot, taken , 
Commanded by Van Swearengin, into pay of this State, by the late 
Assembly, from February to 11 August last, in the County of 
Westmoreland, for the defence of said County against the depre- 
dations threatned by the Indians. 

As it is of great Consequence to the people to be informed of 
the situation of Public affairs, and there is no Press now in the 
City capable of giving such intelligence j therefore 

Resolved, That Mr. Dunlap's press and types be employed for 
that purpose, and as it is a time of more than usual Danger, this 
board will pay the value of them in case they should fall into the 
enemy's hands. 

General Washington having applied to this board to give Major 
General Putnam all the Assistance in our Power toward throwing 
up Works of defence for this City, which are absolutely necessary, 
and as many of its Inhabitants have not taken up arms to defend 
it against the invasion with which it is now threatened, whose indis- 
pensable duty it is to Contribute in some way to the Common de- 
fence; therefore, 

Resolved, That all able bodied men, inhabitants of this City and 
environs, do contribute their equal proportion of Labour, either by 
themselves or their Substitutes, towards raising the necessary works 
of defence j the persons so employed to have the same pay and Rations 
as the Militia now in the field, and in case any person shall neglect 
or refuse to serve in his turn, the Commanding officer, or such person 
as he shall appoint for that purpose, is hereby authorized to Seize 
and make sale of the Goods and Chattels of the respective delin- 
quents, to the amount of such Sum as shall induce another person 
to perform the work in their Stead; And it is recommended to the 
General to call forth the inhabitants to this Service by regular rota- 
tion, in such manner as may most effectually promote the same. 

[Here follows one and a half blank pages in Council Book.] 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY, 47 



December 12th, 1776. 

PRESENT I 

THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Presid't. 

Owen Biddle, Chairman. 

John Hubley, Timothy Matlack, 

Jos-. Blewer, Fred. Kuhl, 

David Rittenhouse, James Cannon, 

Wm. Moore, Sam'l Morris, Sen'r. 

Francis Gurney, 

Mr. John Redman was directed to pay Mr. Christopher Marshall, 
Sen'r, for £112 10 0, to provide for the poor of Capt. Bruster's 
Company. 

Mr. Redman to pay Philip Boehm & Jacob Utrey £100, for the 
poor of Capt. Wills' Company, 1 Batt'n. 

Mr. John Redman to pay Jer. Baker £103 13 3, for wood de- 
livered at the Barracks. 

Mr. Robt. Towers was directed to deliver to Col. Penrose, arms, 
accoutrements & amunition for all his men. 

Mr. Redman was directed to pay Mr. John Hubley £20, towards 
his wages for attendance on Council, to be charged to his acco't. 

Messrs. Mease <fe Caldwell were directed to deliver Blankets & 
Clothing for all his men. 

Resolved, That Col. Penrose take the twenty men of Col. Miles's 
Battalion now in Town, & join them to his Battalion for the pre- 
sent. 

Mr. Redman was directed to pay John Beyeley, for work done 
for the Dellewar Galley, £4 12. 

Mr. Redman was directed to pay Capt. Stephen Bayard for re- 
cruiting Services for 3 Penn'a Reg't, Commanded by Col. Wood. 

Mr. Redman was directed to pay James Galbreath for Linen, 
Buckskin Breeches, £82 19 6. 

Frederick Snyder for a Blanket, £1 

Esther Burke, for nursing sick of Col. Miles Batt'n 2 weeks, £1 2 

Resolved, That Capt. Joseph Stiles be employed in Superintend- 
ing the Elabratory for providing Stores for our Galley's and other 
armaments of this State, to assist Mr. Robert Towers. 

A Commission was granted to Thomas Philips, first Lieutenant of 
the armed Boat Delaware, dated this day. 

Mr. Redman was directed to pay Peter Lower £'73 11 0, for arms 
taken from Non-associators, to be charged to Col. Thomas Potts, & 
to Capt. Shiner £%> 15 0, for Waggon Hire, to be charged to Con- 



Mr. Redman to pay Mr. Rob't Jewell 400 Dollars, to be charged 
to his acco't. 



48 MINUTES OF THE 

Mr. Redman to pay Major Nicola £30, for expenees attending 
Guards. 

Mr. Jno. Redman was directed to pay Capt. Richard Brown, of 

Col. Miles' Battalion, for 8 Rifles, £43 10 6 

for 24 Waggon Hire, £24 00 

for his Rations 77 days 2s 3 } « 8 -,« q 

from 27th August to Nov'r 12th, j * 8 l6 * 

An order was drawn on Mr. Jno. Redman, in favour of Messrs. 
Ross & Ega for £1200, on acc't of Shott cast for this State, to be 
charged to his acco't. 

Mr. John Redman was directed to pay Mr. James Old for £2000, 
to be charged to his acco't. 

Mr. Redman was directed to pay Col. John Patton £350, to- 
wards Cannon Shot Cast by him for this State, to be charged to his 
acco't. 



In Council of Safety, December 13th, 1776. 

present : 

THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Presid't. 
David Rittenhouse, Owen Biddle, 

John Bull, Francis Gurney, 

James Cannon, Joseph Blewer, 

Wm. Moore, Timothy Matlack. 

Resolved, That Peter Dehaven be directed to procure Waggons 
to Carry the Tools belonging to the Gunlock Factory, and such 
arms as want repair, to some convenient place, not more than 30 
miles from Philadelphia, there to erect the Factory. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Jno. Redman, in fav'r of Paul 
Fooks for £50, to supply Families of Poor Militia of Capt. Boyd's 
Comp'y of 2nd Battalion of this City. 

Mr. John Redman was directed to pay Mr. Rob't Connolly 400 
Dollars, for recruiting service for 4th Penn'a Reg't, to be charged to 
the Reg't. 

Mr. Redman to pay For arms & Blankets taken from non-asso- 
ciators, £90 13 0, to be charged to Col. Potts. 

Mr. Redman was directed to pay Tho's Wharton, jun'r, Esq'r, 
One Hundred & Thirty Pounds, in part, for Services at this board. 

Mr. Redman was directed to pay Col. John Bull 600 Dollars, to 
advance a month's pay to his Battalion of Philad'a County. 

Mr. Redman to pay Col. Francis Johnson 500 Dollars, for re- 
cruiting service for the 5th Penn'a Regiment, to be charged to 
Col. Anthony Wayne. 

Mr. Redman to pay Col. Rich'd Thomas £2 11 6, for repainDg 
Arms. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 49 

Mr. Redman to pay Henry Huber £30, towards manufacturing 
Powder, to be charged to his acco't. 

Lieu't Col. Curry to deliver Henry Huber one Ton of Salt 
Petre. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Redman, in fav'r of Lieut. Col. 
Geo. Nagle for 1000 Dollars, on acco't of Recruiting Service for 
9th Pen'a Reg't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Redman, in favour of Capt. Gibs 
Jones, 200 Dollars, advance money to his Company of voluntiers. 

Mr. Redman was directed to pay Col. Arthur Erwin, of Bucks 
County, Two Hundred Pounds, to advance a month's pay to his 
Battalion of Militia of Bucks County, to be charged to his acco't. 

Mr. Robert Towers was directed to deliver Col. Arthur Erwin 
arms & accoutrements for 66 men, he to be accountable. 

Resolved, That the officers of Militia who can raise indiscrimi- 
nately, out of any Battalion or Battalions, a number of men to join 
General Washington's Army, are hereby fully authorized and em- 
powered so to do; and it is recommended to all the said Officers to 
use their best endeavours to forward this salutary business, agreeable 
to the Resolves of the Honorable House of Assembly of yesterday, 
for which purpose they shall be paid all reasonable Expences. 

Resolved, That Col. John Bull be empowered to employ a num- 
ber of Waggons to remove the Powder and other Military Stores 
from the New Powder Mills at French Creek and Norrington 
towards Lancaster, there to remain untill further orders, under the 
care of such persons as he shall appoint to Guard the same. 

An order was drawn on John M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, Treas'r, in 
fav'r of Capt. Sam'l Miller, for ^3000, on acco't of Pay for the 
8th Penn'a Regiment, & charge the same to Colonel Eneas McCoy. 

Capt, Bickham was directed to deliver Capt. John Jacobs 14 
p'r shoes & 14 p T r Stockings. 



In Council of Safety, December 14th, 1776. 

PRESENT I 

DAVID RITTEN HOUSE, V. P. 

Owen Biddle, Jos. Blewer, 

Wm. Moore, Francis Gurney, 

Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, James Gannon. 

Timothy Matlack, 
Mr. John Redman was directed to pay Lieut. Peter Shaffner 40 
Dollars, in part of Pay due, to be charged to his acco't. 

Mr. Redman was directed to pay Wm. Thomson for Swanskin, 
elivered to Capt'n Bickham, £1 6 10. 
VOL. XI. — 4. 



50 MINUTES OF THE 

Jamea Ennis £% 7 6, for riding Express, &c, to be charged to 
Congress. 

John Kencil, for riding Express to Chester County, to carry 
orders to bring in waggons, £5 0. 

Resolved, That the Stores and Shops in this city be immediately 
opened by the owners, and goods sold as usual. 

Messrs. Mease & Caldwell were requested to deliver to CapL 
Win. Potts Twenty-five Blankets, for the use of his men on board 
the armed Boat under his Command. 

Mr. Redman was directed to pay Josiah Hewes £&% 10 0, for 
9 muskets delivered to Mr. Towers. 

George G-enter £8 5 0, for going Express, & attendance on with 
a Horse, to be charged to Congress. 

Capt. John Jacobs <£100, to bear expences of his Company in 
Guarding State Prisoners to Baltimore. 

Geo. Genter £8 5 0, for riding Express & attendance, &ca., to- 
be charged to Congress. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Redman in fav'r of Jacob Lush for 
£50, to be charged to his acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Redman in fav'r of Doct'r Robt, 
Harris for £100, to be charged to his acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Redman in favour of Col. Evan 
Evans for 1000 Dollars, to pay his Battalion of Militia a month's 
wages advance, to be charged to his acco't. 

Resolved, That Capt. John Redman, Paymaster, do proceed Im- 
mediately to the Quarters of the Pennsylvania Regiment now un- 
der the Command of Major Enion Williams, and pay off so much 
of what is due to the officers & men of said Regiment as the said 
Major shall think proper. 

Resolved, That Doct'r Thomas Young be appointed to assist 
Doct'r Potts in taking care of sick soldiers of the army, for which 
he shall have the rank and pay of Senior Surgeon in the Conti- 
nental Hospital. 



In Council of Safety, December 15th, 1776, 

present : 
THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, President. 
David Rittenhouse, V. P. 

Owen Riddle, Joseph Blewer, 

John Bull, Francis Gurney, 

Timothy Matlack, Wm. Moore. 

James Cannon, 
An order was drawn on Messrs. Mease & Caldwell, in fav'r of 
Mr. Geo. Strahly, for 15,000 Dollars, to be delivered to the Com- 






COUNCIL OF SAFETY. . 51 

mifctee of Lancaster County, for the purpose of paying the Militia 
now about to March to Camp. 

'An order was drawn on Messrs. Jno. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, in favour 
of Mr. John Shaffer, Paymaster, for 2000 Dollars, for the pur- 
pose of paying a month's wages advance to the 1st Batt'n of Militia 
of the City and Liberties of Philad'a, he to be accountable. 

An order was drawn on Messrs. Mease & Caldwell, in favour of 
Lt. Col. Wm. Dewees, for 300 Dollars, to be charged to Col. Pas- 
cliall, to pay a month's advance to his Batt'n of Militia. 

An order was drawn on Jno. Nesbitt for two hundred Dollars^ 
pay'ble to Capt. Jno. McPherson, & charge them to his acco't. 



In Council of Safety, December 16th, 1776. 

PRESENT : 

THOMAS WHARTON, j'r, President. 
David Rittenhouse, V. P, 

Owen Biddle, Francis G-urney, 

Wm. Moore, Joseph Blewer, 

James Cannon, John Bull. 

Resolved, That Francis Nichols be promoted to the rank of Cap- 
tain, and that in Consideration of his sufferings & services, that he 
have pay and rank from the time of his late Captain's death, on the 
1st day of January last. 

Resolved , That Isaac Melchor be appointed Barrack Master 
General of this State, with the rank of Colonel. 

Capt. John Read, Barrack Master at Fort Island, was directed 
to deliver to Cqlonel Melchor One hundred Cords of Wood, for the 
use of the Barracks in this City, &ca. 

John M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, Treasurer, was directed to pay Mrs. 
Connely £8 2 6, for 6£ weeks' allowance granted by Congress, at 
25s f week, (from 28 Oct'r to 12th Dec'r.) 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Wilson £2 5 0, for dis- 
tributing advertisements. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Samuel — a month's 

wages as Carpenter on board the armed Boat Commanded by Capt. 
Houston, £b 0. 

Two orders were drawn on Mr. Prichet to deliver Col. Greer 30 
►ushels of Salt, & Col. Hunter 30 Bushels of salt, both of Berks 
bounty. 

Mr. Rob't Eastburn was directed to deliver James Elder one 
raggon Load of Salt, for the use of the militia of Cumberland 
"ounty. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. Stephen Bayard 1000 
Mlarsj for recruiting service for Col. Wood's Regiment. 



52 MINUTES OF THE 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay John McTennet £15 0, for Stone delivered 
at the Piers at Fort Island. 

Hall & Allen £28 6, for Iron Work for Piers. 

David Rittenhouse, Esq'r, £40, on acco't of His services as mem- 
ber of the late Committee & the present Council of Safety. 

Messrs. Mease & Caldwell were requested to deliver to Capt. 
Joseph Blewer 20 Blankets, for the use of the armed Boat Com- 
manded by Capt. Garland. 

Resolved, That any person who shall pass Schuylkil on the 
Bridge erected at the Middle Ferry, who are not in public service, 
shall pay a Toll to Mr. Joseph Ogden equal to the Customary 
ferriage, untill further orders from this Council, as it was not the 
intention of this Board to injure the revenues of Mr. Ogden, who 
is subject to rent and his usual expence. 

Whereas, The Committee of Easton have appointed Mr. Abra- 
ham Berlin to provide provision, Fire wood, & other necessaries for 
the sick Soldiers at Eastown, 

Resolved, That this Council will make a reasonable Compensa- 
tion to Mr. Abraham Berlin for His Trouble and Fatigue in this 
Business. 

Resolved, That Mr. Benjamin Paschall, withDoct'r Young, view 
the sick Soldiers in the Hospital in and about the City, and take 
an account of the names of each, with the Regiment and Company 
they belong to, and make a return of it to the Commissary, who ia 
to supply all such with Rations as they may think proper, and 
point out those who are fit for duty to their respective Corps, and 
discharge those whose times are out and have recovered. 

Resolved, That Capt. Blewer be authorized to make such an al- 
lowance to the Families of those men who are in our naval service 
as he finds necessary. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Mr. Jacob 
Shoemaker, for 600 Dollars, to be charged to the Committee of 
Easton, for the purpose of providing for the sick Soldiers there. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Towers, in favour of Major Geo. 
Erwin, for 300 stand of arms & Accoutrements for Col. Porter's 
Battalion of Lancaster County. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay James Teas £16 3 ; for Linen 
r& woolen delivered to Capt. Bickham. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 53 



In Council of Safety, December 17th, 1776. 

present : 

THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President. 

David Ritenhouse, James Cannon- 

Timothy Matlack, Owen Biddle, 

Joseph Dean, Francis Gurney, 

Joseph Blewer, John Bull. 

Wm. Moore, 

An order was drawn on Jno. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, Treas'r, in fav'r 
of Mr. Rob't Irwin, for £300. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Doct'r G. Clarkson £84, for at- 
tending sick soldiers, to be charged to Congress, & £12 0, for 
attending sick soldiers belonging to Major Proctor's Comp'y. 

Messrs. Peter Dehaven & Co. £500, to be charged to their acco't. 

Mr. Tho's Nevil £200, to be charged to his acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Benj'n Poultney £373 5 3? 
for Shovels delivered to Capt. Bickham. 

Mr. Jacob Shoemaker £71 15 0, for Arms taken from non-As- 
sociators in Northampton County, to be charged to Col. Geo. Tay- 
lor. 

Resolved, That all Waggoners who come to this City in pursu- 
ance of the request of this board, in order to Convey the public 
Stores to proper Magazines, do, at their arrival in this City, apply 
to Mr. Rob't Erwin, Waggon Master General, to be entered for 
that service, & that their accounts be settled & paid by Mr. Erwin, 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Samuel Snowden£4 15 0, for 
Porterage of Cannon, &ca, &ca, to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. George Losh was requested to deliver to William Henry, 
Esq'r, at Lancaster, such powder as he has made or may make out 
of the Salt Petre delivered him by this Council. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favor of Philip Bcehm r 
for £15 0, for the purpose of providing for the Poor families of 
Militia of Capt. Hassenclever's Comp'y of 1st Batt'n of the City 
& Liberties of Philad'a. 

Mr. JSTesbitt to pay Arch'd Fleming £5 9 3, for Cloth, &ca, d'd 
Capt. Bickham. 

Thomas Moss, for Boarding & Nursing a sick soldier belonging 
to Major Proctor's Artillery, £7 17 If. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of David Dashler, 
for 2000 Dollars, to be paid to Peter Rhoads, Esq'r, of Northamp- 
ton County, for the purpose of paying a Month's wages advance to 
the Militia of said County, to be charged to his acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in fav'r of Capt. John Da- 
vis, for recruiting service of the 9th Penn'a Reg't, to be charged 
to Colonel James Irvine. 



54 MINUTES OF THE 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay an order drawn by Win. Lyon, 
Esq'r, on this Board, in fav'r of Stephen Duncan, for 1600 Dollars, 
for the use of the Militia of Cumberland County, to be charged 
Mr. Lyons. 

Messrs. Mease & Caldwell were requested to deliver 25 Blankets 
for the 1st Batt'n Philad'a Militia. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay : 

The widow Spring £6 10 0, for Storage of Powder. 

John Wiley £2 6 0, for 4 y'ds Swanskin. 

Resolved, That it be recommended to General Washington to 
issue orders immediately for the Militia of Bucks and Northamp- 
ton Counties forthwith to join his Army, and to send out parties to 
disarm every Person who does not obey the Summons, and to seize 
and treat as Enemies all those who shall attempt to oppose the Ex- 
ecution of this measure, and likewise every person in those Coun- 
ties who are known or suspected to be enemies to the United 
States. 

Resolved, That Mr. Henry Stiles be appointed Quarter Master, and 
Doct'r Michael Jennings Surgeon, to the 11th Pennsylvania Regi- 
ment, Commanded by Col. Richard Humpton. 

On Motion, 

Resolved, That all the persons who have been promoted to the 
rank of Colonels, who had rank or precedence of Colonel Joseph 
Wood, before he was promoted from the rank of Major, ought, in 
the opinion of this Council, still to take Rank and precedence of 
the said Colonel Wood, & that they do take rank accordingly. 



Jn Council of Safety, December 18th, 1776. 

PRESENT I 

THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President. 
David Rittenhouse, V. P. 

Owen Biddle, Francis Gurney, 

John Bull, Joseph Dean, 

Jos. Blewer, Timothy Matlack, 

Wm. Lyon, James Cannon. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Mr. Robert 
Erwin, for £300, to be charged to his Acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Mr. Rob't Towers £148 1 0, 
for men's wages, & Sundry Expences, for working at the Elaboratory, 
&ca., &ca. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in fav'r of John Cox, Esq'r, 
One Thousand Pounds, on acco't of Shot, &ca., Cast for this State, 
to be charged to his Acco't. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 55 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Major William 
Masters, for Fifty Pounds, for the purpose of providing for tbe 
poor Families of Militia in Captain Jehu Eyres' Company of Mili- 
tia, he to be accountable-. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Gauen M. Gnady £10 6 0, for 
arms purchased in Bucks County, from non-associators. 

Resolved, That every waggoner who refuses to take his proper 
Load, as directed by this Council or Quarter Master General, ought 
to be immediately discharged the service, without pay. 

Mr. Towers was directed to deliver Mark M'Caslin Ten Barrels 
of Powder, for the use of the Garrison at Fort Island. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Edward Hinderson, a Soldier in 
Col. Miles' Riffle Regiment, £4 10. 

An order in favor of John Paul passed for £3 0, for dieting 
Militia ; Mr. Dean. 

Two acco'ts pass for dieting Militia, in fav'r of Jacob Cline, -£4 
12 0. 

Mr. Robert Towers was directed to deliver Capt. Jacob Rudolph, 
of 1st Batt'n of Philad'a County, Thirty-five Stand of Arms, tak- 
ing his receipt. 

Resolved, That the Commanding Officer of the 2nd Battalion of 
Philadelphia County Militia be authorized and required to send a 
Number of men in different parties, to compell all the able bodied 
men within the district to which it belongs to join the said Battalion 
immediately, except such as refuse from Religious scruples, or are 
excusable on aecount of age or some bodily infirmity; and all offi- 
cers & privates are required to give aid & assistance to accomplish 
the same. t 

Besolved, That Allen Moore be appointed Captain of the Guard 
Stationed at the Middle Ferry, on Schuylkill, for the protection of 
the Floating Bridge. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Mr. Jos. Watkins £100 16 0. 



In Council of Safety, December 19th, 1776. 

present : 
THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, President. 

Wm. Moore, David Rittenhouse, 

Owen Biddle, James Cannon, 

Timothy Matlack, Joseph Blewer. 

Joseph Dean, 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in fav'r of Col. Isaac Mel- 
chor, Barrack Master General, for Three Hundred Dollars, he to 
be accountable, 



56 MINUTES OF THE 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay to Henry Litinan £154 11 2, 
for Iron Works for the works at Billingsport. 

Resolved, That Mr. Benjamin Paschall be employed to procure 
a Thousand pajr of shoes for our Troops, on the best terms he can, 
and as speedily as Possible, and the Council will pay for the same, 
and allow him a reasonable Compensation for his services. 

Resolved, That Capt. Thomas Leech be appointed to take care 
of the sick soldiers in and near this City, in the room of Mr. Ben- 
jamin Paschall, who is appointed to another service. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Timothy Bar- 
ret, Fifty Pounds, for the use of poor associators of Capt. 
Wade's Comp'y of 2nd Batt'n of this City, to be charged to his 
acco't. 

Jno. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, was directed to pay three accounts of 
arms taken from non- Associators in Berks County, to be charged 
to Col. Hunter of 6th Battalion, vizt.: 
One acco't 56 7 6, 
One do. 18 6, 
One do. 56 7. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Jacob Bright £50, for the purpose of sup- 
plying poor families of Militia, 2 Batt'n, of Philad'a, Capt. Smith's 
Company, he to be accountable. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Capt. Finley £9 19 0, for repairing arms be- 
longing to Col. Hunter's Batt'n, Berks County. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay John Robeson £Q 0, for a Riffle. 
John Allison, 40 0, for a do. 
Thomas Darroch, 6 0, for a do. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Geo. Weiss £12 12 0, for 18 pair of Shoes 
delivered to Capt. Bickham. 

Resolved, Ricliff Alberson be appointed Lieutenant to Captain 
Allen Moore. 

Messrs. Mease & Caldwell were directed to deliver to Capt. Mat- 
thew Henderson 35 Blankets. 

Resolved, That Lewis Nicola, Esq'r, Town Major, do supply 
Capt. Allen Moore with Sixteen trusty men, to Guard the Floating 
Bridge over Schuylkill. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY 57 



In Council of Safety, December 20th, 1776. 

PRESENT : 

THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, President. 
David Rittenhouse, V. P. 

John Bayard, Timothy Matlack, 

Joseph Dean, Joseph Blewer, 

Owen Biddle, Francis Gurney. 

James Cannon, John Bull. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Ludwick Sb 7 3, for re- 
pairing arms, &ca,, <fe also £7 15 0, for Bayonets, &ca. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Matthew Whitehead £430, for Repairing 
public arms. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Mr. Benjamin 
Paschall, for 1000 Dollars, for the purpose of purchasing Shoes for 
the army, to be charged to his acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Elias Botner £20 7 0, for leathering drag 
Ropes, Budge Barrels, &ca., for artillery, to be charged to Con- 
gress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. John Murray one Thou- 
sand Dollars, for recruiting Service for the Penn'a Regiment, he to 
be accountable. , 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Capt. Woelper 18s 3, for 6 Buckets, left at 
the Powder. 

Mr. Towers was directed to deliver to Capt. Crawford, of the 
second Battalion of Cumberland County, Commanded by Col. Alli- 
son, Sixteen Muskets with Baggonets. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Lieut't George Jenkins, for 
bringing in a deserter from New G-ermantown, £2 12. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay to Capt. George Bickham 1000 
Dollars, to be charged to his acco't. 

Resolved, That Mr. John Cummings be requested to purchase 
such necessaries as the Sick Soldiers in the House of Employment 
require, & to exhibit his acco't to this Council. 



58 MINUTES OF THE 



In Council of Safety, Dec'r21st, 1776. 

TRESENT : 

THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President. 
David Rittenhouse, V. P. 
Owen Biddle, Chairman. 

Joseph Blewer, William Lyon, 

James Cannon, John Bull, 

Francis Gurney, Wm. Moore. 

Joseph Dean, 

Resolved, That it be recommended to the Several Commissaries 
in the American Army, to Furnish the Tanners who are associators 
with Hides in preference to all others, they paying for the same. 

Resolved, That Col. Dean and Col. Gurney, make inquiry what 
Quantity and kinds of Stores there are now in this City belonging 
to this State, and that such as are not immediately wanted, be de- 
livered to Mr. Jedediah Snowden, who is requested to send them 
to Lancaster, under the care of the committee of that town. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Mr. Gustavus 
Resberg, for £250, to be charged to Capt. Jos. Copperthwaite, for 
the use of the Continental Powder Mill. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in fav'r of Lieut. Col. 
Francis Gurney, for 500 Dollars, for account of Goods purchased 
for the army, & charge the same to his acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Wm. Thorn, 
for £10, for the purpose of supplying the Poor Families of Capt. 
Hodges' Company, of the 2nd Battalion of Militia of this City. 

Mr. Robert Towers was directed to deliver to Mr. Lattimer 20 
Muskets, 19 Bayonets, Bayonet belts, & 13 Cartouch Boxes, for 
the Delaware Militia, to be charged to Congress. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Messrs. Peter 
Dehaven & Co., for £200, to be charged to their acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Mr. Peter Dehaven £200, for to be delivered 
to Lieutenant Col. Dewees, for Building Barracks at French Creek 
Powder Mill, to be charged to Col. Dewees. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Capt. Wm. Bidley a month's wages for him- 
self & Company, they being stationed as a Guard at the Continen- 
tal Powder Mill on French Creek, to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Capt. Jno. Porter £4 16 0, for wages for 
Drum & fife belonging to his Company of Colonel Bull's Bat- 
talion. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Daniel Evens £74 3, for Iron 
Work for Public Use. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Capt. Thomas Dungan £27 16 11, for Horse 
Hire & expences for himself & 12 men. 



, COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 59 

Mr. Towers was directed to deliver Col. Armstrong such arms & 
accoutrements as he may want, taking his receipt. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Ab'm Mason for work done by several men 
at the Elaboratory, J211 1 6, to be charged to Congress. 

John Hudson £3 0, for 3 Blankets delivered to Mr. Bickham. 

Mr.. Nesbitt was directed to pay Jacob Hartman £Z 5 0, for a 
Musket delivered to Capt. Dungan, to be charged to Col. Hill. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay on acco't for work done by sundry persons at 
Elaboratory, ^9 11 0. 



• Decem'r22d, 1776. 

PRESENT I 

DAVID RITTENHOUSE, Y. P. 

Owen Biddle, Chairman. 

Francis Gurney, Ja's Cannon, 

John Bull, Joseph Dean. 

Joseph Blewer, 

Robert Burton, Leatherbury Barker, William Barker, William 
Bagwell, Littleton Townsend, William Redding & Cunning- 

ham, were committed to the State prison, being Enemies to the 
United States. • 

Resolved, That all able bodied men of the Townships of Moya- 
mensing & Passyunk, those who have religious scruples against bear- 
ing arms alone excepted, are ordered to wait on General Putnam at 
2 o'Clock to-morrow afternoon, with what arms and accoutrements 
they may have in their possession, to receive his orders, and the 
officers of the Militia in said Townships are directed to deliver into 
the Council a list of all persons as neglect or refuse to comply with 
this resolve. 

Resolved, That all able bodied men of the Townships of Moya- 
mensing & Passyunk, those who have religious scruples against bear- 
ing arms alone excepted, be ordered to wait on General Putnam at 
2 o'Clock to-morrow afternoon, with the arms & accoutrements 
which they have in Possession, to receive his orders, and the Officers 
of %he Militia in said Townships are directed to deliver to the Colo- 
nel a list of all those who neglect or refuse to comply with this 
resolve. 

Dan'l Bancroft committed to Goal, he being sent from the Jersey 
"by Colonel Griffin, susp'd of a Spy. 



60 MINUTES OF THE 



la Council of Safety, Decern. 23d, 1776. 

PRESENT I 

THO. WHARTON, Pres'd. 

David Rittenhouse, V. P. 

Owen Biddle, Joseph Blewer, 

Joseph Dean, Wm. Lyon. 

James Cannon, 

Mr. J. Brown was directed to deliver 40 bushels of Wheat to 
Alexander Lewis, for the use of Twenty Teams in the public ser- 
vice, he paying for the same. 

Mr. Erwin was directed to pay Alexander Lewis £11 5, for his 
service as Master of a Brigade of Wagons. 

Resolved, That the Constables belonging to the City & Liberties, 
be directed immediately to go round the several wards & Districts, 
in Conjunction with such persons as Captain Delany shall appoint, 
to take lists of all males from sixteen to fifty years of age, and make 
returns to this Council, for which they shall be allowed reasonable 
wages. 

Resolved, That it be recommended to Captain Sharpe Delaney to 
send the party under his Command, with the Constables of the City 
and Districts, to assist them in making a return to this Council of 
the male Inhabitants fit to bear arms. « 

The Council ordered J. M. Nesbit, Esq'r, to pay Wm. Clarke 
Forty-Two Pounds for 56 days Service. 

The Council order'd J. M. Nesbitt to pay Martin Pendergast 
Eighty-one Pounds 16s. 

The Council order'd J. M. Nesbitt to pay Coll'l Gurney twenty- 
two Pounds 2s, on aec't of Goods deliver'd G. Bickman, Q'r M'r. 

Drawn an order on Mr. Nesbitt for ^612 for two Rifles, delivr,d 
to John McConnell, of Col. Jos. Armstrong's Battalion, Cumber- 
land Co. 

Mr. Nesbitt order'd to pay Jno. Brown for services in sinking 
the Chevaux de Frize at Billingsport, Fifty-four Pounds five shil- 
lings & six pence, to be charged to Congress. 

Order drawn on Mease & Caldwell to pay Col. Evans one thou- 
sand Dollars, to pay a month's advance to his Batt'n. 

Order drawn on Mr. Nesbitt to pay G. Bickham, or order, Three 
Thousand Dollars, to be charged to his acco't. 

Order Drawn on J. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, to pay Rob't Towers one 
Hundred & Eighty Pounds thirteen Shillings & Nine Pence. 

J. M. Nesbitt order'd to pay John Elmslie thirty-two Pounds 
Twelve Shillings & Nine pence, for making moulds for 3 4 & 6 
Pounders. 

J. M. Nesbitt order'd to pay Benjamin Croffts Five Pounds on 
acco't for Painting the Galleys. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 61 



In Council of Safety, Dec'r 24th, 1776. 

PRESENT : 

THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Presid't 
David Ritten house, V. Pr't. 

Joseph Blewer, Francis Gurney, 

Joseph Dean, James Cannon, 

John Bull, Timothy Matlack. 

William Lyon, 
J. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, order'd to pay Benjamin Town Seventeen 
Pounds four Shillings. 

Order Drawn on Rob't Towers, Esq'r, in favour of Col. Joseph 
Armstrong, 5th Batt'n Cumberland Militia, for fifteen Powder 
Horns, fifteen Pouches, fifty Belts, & fifty Canteens, to be Charged 
to Col. Armstrong. 

' Order Drawn on G. Bickham, in favour of Col. Armstrong, 5th 
Batt'n Cumberland Militia, for 20 Blankets, to be charged the 
Col. 

Order Drawn on Robert Towers to deliver Capt'n Newman three 
Hundred Twelve Pound Shott. 

Order Drawn on J. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, to pay him five Pounds, 
for services done at Fort Island. 

Order drawn on Col. Biddle to deliver Wm. Marshal 1 Napsack, 
to be charged Capt'n Boyd, 2nd Batt'n, P. Militia. 

J. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, was order'd to pay John Carr (a man that 
broke the rim of his Belly) half wages, 'till further orders. 

Resolved, That Mr. James Carter be requested to collect all the 
old arms in and about this City, belonging to this State, and have 
the same repaired and delivered to Mr. Robert Towers. 

Messrs. Mease & Cadwell were requested to pay Capt'n Tho's 
Manuel, of Maryland Militia, thirty Pounds. 

Resolved, That Mr. Robert Erwin, Waggon Master, do pay for 
every Waggon with four horses, in service by the order of this 
Council, at the rate of Thirty Shillings p'r Day, on a proper Cer- 
tificate of the Time of Entry being produced to him. 

J. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, was order'd to pay Twenty-three Pounds 
fifteen shillings, for arms & accoutrements purchased by Robt. 
Culberson. 

J. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, was order'd to pay Twelve Pounds ten 
Shillings & six pence for Blankets bought by Robt. Culberson, for 
the use of his Company. 

Order'd, G. Bickham to pay Wm. Gibbons three Pounds, for 
Breakfast for 80 men of Capt'n Jacob Drkt's Company, belonging 
to the 1st Batt'n of York County Militia. 

J. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, was order'd to pay Col'l Richard Thomas 
Seventy-five Pounds, for advance money to his Battalion, to be 
charged to his acco't. 



SS MINUTES OF THE 



In Council of Safety, Dec'r 25th, 1776 

PRESENT : 

THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, Presid't. 

David Rittenhouse, V. P. 

Owen Biddle, James Cannon, 

Joseph Dean, John Bull, 

Francis Gurney, William Lyon. 

J. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, was order'd to pay Geo. Gintner thirteen 
Pounds ten Shillings, for attendance &, Riding express, to be charged 
to Congress. 

Dispatches to Chester County was sent p'r Coll'l Thomas. 

Order drawn on J. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, to pay Tho's Marie Twenty 
Pounds, on ace's for fixing the chain & tilling Piers at Fort 
Island. 

Ordered Geo. Bickham to pay Wm. Jenkins Eight Pounds two* 
k 6d, for victualling two Companys belonging to 4th Batt'n North- 
ampton, under Major Vancamp. 

The Present Campaigne has convinced us that it may be fre- 
quently necessary to call forth the Militia in defence of our Liber- 
ties, and that their force may be exerted to the greatest advantage, 
it is become highly Proper and necessary that they be formed 
into regular Brigades. 

There/ore Resolved, That it be recommended to the field officers 
of every ten or twelve Battalions of Militia lying contigious to 
each other, to form themselves into Brigades as soon as convenient, 
and to recommend to this Council three or more persons for each 
Brigade, whom they shall esteem best qualified for the Commission 
of a Brigadier General, and this Council will grant Commissions 
to such of them as shall appear best qualified for the service. 

Resolved, That John Cadwallader, Esq'r, be appointed a Briga- 
dier General of Militia in this State. 

Resolved, That Samuel Miles, Esq'r, be appointed a Brigadier 
General of the regular Forces raised for the defence of this State. 

Order drawn on Geo. Bickham to pay Capt'n Ja's Morrison 
Niue Pounds twelve & six pence, for mileage, to be charged to 
Congress. 

Order drawn on G. Bickham to pay Capt'n Tho's Whiteside six- 
teen Pounds seven & 6d, for mileage, to be charged to Congress. 

Order drawn on J. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, to pay Thos. Whitely 
three Pounds, for taking up a deserter from Coll'l Hand's Regi- 
meut. 

Order on G. Rickman t« pay Jas. Cannon, Esq'r, thirty Pounds, 
oa acco't of services, in Council. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 6a 



In Council of Safety, Dec'r 26th, 1776, 

PRESENT : 

THOMAS WHARTON, Jun'r, Presid't. 
Joseph Blewer, Owen Biddle, 

Joseph Dean, James Cannon, 

John Bull, William Lyon. 

Order drawn on G. Bickham to pay Ten Pounds Seven Shillings 
& 6d, for Victualling the first Division of 3rd Batt'n of Northamp- 
ton Militia, to be charged to Congress. 

Commissions fill'd for first Batt'n, Philad'a Militia, Wm. Bowers, 
Capt. Will'm Garwood k Jon'n Grice, Lieut'ts Wm. Salter & W r m, 
Rice, Ensigns. 

Order on J. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, to pay Major Proctor six Hund'd 
Dollars to pay his men, now under marching orders. 

Order drawn on J. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, to pay Everhard McLeish 
one Hundred & fifteen Pounds 17s, on acco't of Boarding Soldiers. 

.Resolved, That the Waggon masters be impowered to put up 
their Horses in such Stables & Shedds as they may find fit to re- 
ceive them, and to see them supplied, paying the accustomed Prices 
for the same. 

Order on G. Bickham to pay Alex'r Alexander three Pounds ten 
shillings, for 3 Blankets del'd said Bickham. 

Order drawn on G. Bickham to pay Jas. Hamilton Eleven 
Pounds Eleven Shillings & 9d, for Cloath deiiver'd said Bickham, 

Order on G. Bickham to pay Jas. Hamilton, Five Pounds Eleven 
shillings, for Hose & Wastecoats deiiver'd said Bickham. 

Order drawn on G. Bickham, Qu'r M'r, to deliver Col. Melchior, 
B. ||; G., Forty Blankets, for the use of the Milatary Hospital. 

Commission made out for Jno. Rosbrugh as Chaplain to 3rd 
Batt'n of Northampton Militia. 

Resolved, That Mr. Coats be employed in the North End of the 
City to assist Mr. Marshall in taking care of the sick. 

Order on J. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, to pay Jermiah Simmons twelve 
Pounds & six pence. 

Order on G. Bickham to pay Capt'n McKee Two Pounds, for ex- 
penses and subsistance money for marching his Company (belong- 
ing to 5th Batt'n of Cumberland Militia, und'r Col'l Armstrong) to 
Philad'a. 

Order on G. Bickham to pay Ens'n Jon'n Martin thirty Shill'g, 
for marching a detatchment of Capt. M'Kee's Comp'y, Belonging 
to 5th Batt'n of Cumberland, to Philad'a. 

Order on G. Bickham to pay L't Murphy Thirty-one shillings k 
3d., for expences in marching a Detatchment of Men by Philad'a, 
belonging to 5th Batt'n of Cumberl'dL 



64 MINUTES OF THE 

Commissions fill'd for Jno. Sigfret, L't Coll, 3rd Batt'n, North- 
ampton. 

Commission fil'd for Jno. Righter, 2nd L't 4th Batt'n, Philad'a 
County, Geo. Piper, Ens'n, 4th Batt'n, Philad'a County. 

Order on Messrs. Mease & Cadwell, to pay Major Gabriel Heis- 
tertwo Hundred Dollars, to pay the advance to Col'l Haller's Batt'n, 
to be charged to Adam Whiteman, to whom as to the Board, the 
Major is to be accountable. 

Order on Mease & Caliwell, to pay Wm. Lyon, Esq'r. five Hun- 
dred Dollars, to be charged to his acco't. 

Resolved, That Mr. Hugh McCormick be app<»nted Waggon- 
master for about fifteen Waggons from Cumberland County, to be 
propperly Employed, In Transporting Stores from this City, &c, for 
which service he shall be Entitled to receive Ten shillings ^ Day 
During such service. 



In Council of Safety, Dec'r 27th, 1776. 

PRESENT I 

THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, Presid't. 
David Rittenouse, V. Presid't. 

Wm. Lyon, Owen Biddle, 

Jno. Bull, Joseph Dean, 

Francis Gurney, James Cannon. 

Joseph Blewer, 

Order on J. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, to pay Jno. Creigh & Ephraim 
Steel one Hundred & Twenty-Eight Pounds Eighteen Shillings, 
for Expences in Conveying British officers from Carlisle to Bruns- 
wick. 

Order on J. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, to pay Jacob Hankey thirteen 
Pounds Sixteen shillings & two pence, for work Deliver'd Robert 
Towers. 

Resolved, That Colonel John Bull be directed to procure Wag- 
gons to remove the public stores from Norriston and French Creek 
to Lancaster ; The Powder to be Laid in different Places of security 
in the Town & Country adjacent. 

Order on J. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, to pay Tho's Adams One Hun- 
dred fifty-Nine Pounds sixteen shillings & lOd, for military stores 
deliver'd Robert Towers. 

Order on J. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, to pay Augustus Ruppell Eleven 
Pounds five shillings, for Riding Express, to be charged Con- 
gress. 

G. Bickham, Qu'r Mast'r, was order'd to deliver Major Proctor 
Twenty Pairs Shoes & twenty pairs Hose, for the use of his 
Soldiers. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 65, 

Order on G-. Bickham to pay Capt. Rob't Campbel Nine Pounds 
Eighteen shillings 10i, for milage for his Comp'y, (to Philad'a) 
belonging to 3rd Batt'n, Lancaster County, to be charged to Con- 
gress. 

Order on J. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, to pay Wm. Morris Eight Pounds 
fifteen Shillings, for riding Express, to be charged Congress. 

An order drawn on John M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, for six pounds tea 
shillings & four pence, 2 Boxes of Candles for the Council. 

An order drawn on J. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, to pay Wm. Masters 
Fifty Pounds, for the use of tlie Families of the Militia now in 
Camp. 

Order on Mease & Caldwell to pay Col. Evan Evans one thou- 
sand Dollars, to be given to the Militia of his Batt'n. 

Order drawn on Michael Hillegas, Esq'r, to pay James Wilson, 
Esq'r, on acco't of services in Congress, one Hundred & sixty-five 
Pounds. 

Thomas Lucas is appointed Adjutant to the 11th Regiment, under 
Colonel Humpton. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Jacob Shriner one hundred Dol- 
lars, for the Associators' wives of Capt. Guyer's Company, £37 
10 0. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Lewis G-uion Two Hundred 
Pounds, on acco't for Work Done at Fort Island. 

Order on J. M. Nesbitt to pay Capt. McG-owan of Col. Miles's, 
three Hund'd Dollars, to be 

Order on J. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, to pay Capt. Conolly three 
Hund'd Dollars, for to recruit Col. Cadwallader's Batt'n, to bo 
charged to Congress. 

Commissions fill'd for Wm. Caruther's Lieuts. for 3rd Batt'n, 
Northampton militia, Tho's Horner, Ensign, same Batt'n. 

Commissions fill'd for Emanuel Consolves, Lieut., & Jno. Fox, 
Ensign, 4th Batt'n Northampton Militia. 



In Council of Safety, December 27th, 1777. 

Order on G-. Bickham to pay Capt. Thomas Whitesides one 
Pound nine shillings & 2d, being an error in his milage acco't, 3rd 
Batt'n Lancaster County. 

Order on J. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, three Hundred Pounds, to pay 
Waggon hire. 

Order on G. Bickham to pay Samuel Drafce for milage (for hi3 
Comp'y, with Field & Staff officers belonging to 4th Batt'n, North- 
ampton,) Twenty-Nine Pounds 2s 8. , 

Do. an order on Gr. Bickham to pay Capt. Schoonhoven 18 3 114, 
for milage, & to pay Capt'n Mead, on same acco't, 19 7 6, both 
belongs to 4th Batt'n Northampton. 

VOL. XI. — 5. 



66 MINUTES OF THE 

December 28th, 1776. 

DAVID RITTENHOUSE, V. P. 

Francis Gurney, Jas. Cannon, 

Jos. Dean, Wm. Lyon. 

Jos. Blewer, 

An order drawn on John Nesbitt, for one Pound four & six pence, 
in favour of Cap. James Ross' Co., for repairing Musketts, to be 
charged to Congress. 

Order drawn on G. Bickham, to pay Tho's Ogle twenty Shillings, 
in full for Hawling baggage to Bristol. 

Order on J. M. Nesbitt, to pay Ninety-four Pounds 3s to Wm. 
Gray, for sundries delivered a Company of Volunteers under Colo. 
Potter, to be charged Congress. 

Order on J. M. Nesbitt to pay fifty-five Shillings to Peter Buck, 
for repairing arms. 

Order on J. M. N to pay thirty Pounds five shillings, a Bal- 
lance to Capt. Gray, to be charged to Congress. 

Order on J. M. Nesbitt to pay Nineteen Pounds 2s 4 to Joseph 
Mathers. 

Order on G. Bickham to pay Four Pounds four shillings & 6d, to 
Capt'n Jno. Harbeston's Comp'y, belonging to Colo. Smiths 7 
Batt'n, of York County, for Travelling expences. 

Order on Mease & Caldwell to pay Marshall Edwards Four 
Hund'd Pounds, to be charged to Col'l Lewis. 

Order on J. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, to pay Col'l Melchoir, B. M. G. 
one Thousand Dollars, to be charged to his acc't. 

Order on J. M. Nesbitt to pay Thirty Pounds to pay for the use 
of the Poor associators at Camp. 

J. M. Nesbitt was order'd to pay the men under Command of 
Lieu't Rice, half a month's pay. 

G. Bickham, Qu'r M'r to deliver Capt'n Brown, of the Putnam 
Battery, fifty pairs Breeches, & to Capt. Farmer, of Col. Miles', 4 
Blankets. 

J. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, was order'd to pay Col'l Nagle 500 Dol- 
lars, for recruiting 9th Batt'n. 

Jno. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, was directed to pay Abraham Massan 
Seven Pounds Eight Shillings & 6d, for work done for Towers. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 



In Council of Safety, December 30th, 1776. 

present : 
THO'S WHARTON, J'r, President. 
David Rittenhouse, V. P. 

Wm. Moore, Samuel Morris, Sen'r, 

Owen Biddle, Joseph Dean, 

Jos. Blewer, James Cannon, 

Wm. Lyon, Francis G-ufney. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in fav'r of John Ord for 
thirty Dollars, for the assistance of the poor associators of Lower 
Delaware ward. 

An order was . Major Thos. Robinson 600 Dollars, for ad- 
vance money to Col. Potter's Battalion of Militia of Northumber- 
land County, to be charged to the Col. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in fav'r of Capt. Stephen 
Bayard for 1000 Dollars, for recruiting service for the 3rd Penn'a 
Reg't, to be charged to Col. Wood. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Doct'r Thos. Parke £12 17 6, 
for attending Sick Soldiers. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. John Read, Barrack Mas- 
ter at Fort Island, for sundry Provisions & expences attending the 
ditchers & other workmen at Fort Island, £62 19 7 J. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Mr. Cannon, for two Riffles, 
Blankets, &ca., for Col. Potter's Batt'n of Northumberland County, 
£21 18 0, to be charged to Col. James Potter. 

Resolved, That Messrs. Peter Dehaven & John Pugh be appointed 
to provide provisions for the Guards at the Continental Powder 
mill, and the workmen employed there. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Capt. Court- 
ney for 100 Dollars, for Recruiting Service for the Artillery of 
this , to be charged to Major Proctor. 

John Maxwell Nesbitt, Esq'r, was directed to pay Captain Alex- 
ander Laughlin, for dieting 28 men of his Company on their 
march to join General Washington, £16 17 3. 

Captain Carnahans, for dieting 12 men, £14 15 6. 

Captain Thos. McKenzie, for dieting 28 men, £16 17 3, all to 
be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Thomas Ennis £12 16 0, for 
attendance on the Council with a Horse. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Sam'l Holmes £ 1\ 5 0, for 95 Cutlasses 
delv'd. 



68 MINUTES OF THE 

Mr. Towers also M 10 0, for 30 Bayonet scabbards, M 10 
delivered to Mr. Towers. 



In Council of Safety, December 31st, 1776. 

PRESENT I 

THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, President. 
David Rittenhouse, V. P. 

Wm. Moore, Wm. Lyons, 

Francis Gurney, Sam'l Morris, 

Owen Biddle, James Cannon. 

Joseph Dean, 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Dunn & Hale £5 4 0, for 208 
feet of oars for the floating Battery Putnam. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Col. Richard Humpton 1000 
Dollars, for recruiting service for the 11th Penn'a Reg't, to be 
charged to his aceo't. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Lieut. Thomas Boud 300 Dollars, for recruit- 
ing service for the fifth Penn'a Reg't, to be charged to Col. An T 
thony Wayne. 

Mr. Bickham was directed to pay James Potter £13 7 6, for 
expences of his company on their march to join General W. 

Resolved, That Messrs. William Masters and William Coates 
be authorized to take every measure necessary for the benefit of the 
sick of the army in the Northern department of this city, and to 
have them properly attended with nurses, and supplied with every- 
thing suitable to their different diseases, and this Council will pay 
the expences attending the same. 

Resolved, That Doct'r Dunlap be authorized to employ another 
Mate, and that their pay in future be Twenty-five Dollars^ month. 

Mr. Nesbit was directed to pay Mr. Robert Towers, £107 17 6, 
for Workmen's wages at the Elaboratory, & Sundry other charges. 

An order was drawn on Mr. John Nesbitt, in favour of Lieut. 
Colonel Henry Becker, for two thousand Dollars, for the recruiting 
service of the 6th Pen'a Reg't, to be charged to his account. 

An order was drawn on Mr. John M. Nesbitt, for two thousand 
Dollars, payable to John Biddle, jun'r, to be paid by him into the 
hands of Adam Whitman, Esq'r, of Reading, to be subject to the 
draughts of the Committee of s'd County, for to defray such Ex- 
pences as they have incurred by order of this board. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Major Lewis Nicola £50, he to 
be accountable. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 69 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay : 
Win. McCulloch £3 10 0, for a Musket & Bayonet,") nl; -y . 
Wm. Glen, 3 10 0, for a Musket, [ m^ Towers 

Wm. McCulloch, 6 10 0, for 2 Muskets, ) Mr - lowers ' 

Capt. Geo. Bickham was directed to pay the following Accounts, 
for Subsistance for Militia, on their march to join General Washing- 
ton, Vizt: 

Capt. Charles Leoper, ^21 14 6 

Capt. John Mitchel, 12 14 1 

Capt. Andrew McPherland, 38 5 

Capt. Rob't Shannon, 20 14 

Capt. Wm. Swaney, 36 17 2 

Major John Davis for milage, 30 Miles, for himself, 2 3 4 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Robert Fitzgerald dgll 2 0, for 
sundries for Armed Schooner Delaware, to be charged to this State, 
&£5 9 4 for port Fire Stocks, &ca., to be charged to Congress. 



In Council of Safety. 

Philadelphia, January 1st, 1777. 

present : 
THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President. 
David Rittenhouse, V. P. 

Owen Biddle, James Cannon, 

Joseph Blewer, Wm. Moore, 

Francis Gurney, John Bull, 

Joseph Dean, Wm. Lyon. 

John Maxwell Nesbitt, Esq'r, Treasurer, was directed to pay 
Wm. Roberts ^618 6 6, for making ammunition Boxes, nails, &ca., 
to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Col. Matthew Dill, for 5 days 
pay due to four Companies of the 5th Battalion of Militia, when in 
service in Septem'r & October last, amounting to £51 7 3, to be 
charged to Congress. 

A Letter was laid before the board from Mr. James Holmes, a 
Second Lieutenant in the Regiment belong to this State, praying 
this Council to accept His resignation, as His Health will not admit 
his continuance in the service any longer. The Council accept the 
resignation of Mr. Holmes, & his is accordingly discharged from the 
service of this State. 

Besolved, That the overseers of the poor for this City and Liber- 
ties, do immediately procure one Hundred Cords of Wood now 



70 MINUTES OF THE 

standing on the Commons of this City, for the use of the poor afore- 
said, and that orders be given to the Wood Cutters to leave Lanes 
and Avenues for the Inhabitants to walk in the summer season. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Alex'r Brown 52s, for 2 meals j 
victuals for 26 men of the 3rd Battalion of Northampton County | 
Militia. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Lieut. Rob't Connolly four Hun- 
dred Dollars, for recruiting service for the 4th Penn'a Regiment. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Capt. Geo. Robinson 10s for an axe for the 
use of his Company, to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Capt. John Jacobs the Balance of his acco't, 
for Expences accrued in transporting & Guarding Prisoners to Bal- 
timore, the whole amounting to -£165 12 3. 

Capt. Geo. Bickham was directed to pay Capt. Jack for Milage 
for himself, 2 Lieutenants & 6 Privates, 160 Miles, £9 6 0. 

By direction of General Washington, Col. Wheadon of the third 
Virginia Regiment, deposited with this Council Six Colours, being 
part of a number taken on the 26th ultimo, at Trenton, belonging 
to the Hessian Regiments. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Messrs. Peter 
Dehaven & Co., for £500, to be charged to their acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay to Richard Wells £31 0, for 
attendance on the Fleet with his Boat & two hands, for the Month 
of December. 

The following resolution of Congress was directed to be inserted 
on the Minutes of this Council : 

" In Congress, December 27th, 1776. 

" Resolved, That the Council of Safety of Pennsylvania be re- 
quested to take the most vigorous and Speedy measures for punish- i 
ing all such as shall refuse Continental Currency, and that the Gen- 
eral be directed to give all necessary aid to the Council of Safety 
for carrying their measures on this subject into effectual execution. 
" By order of Congress. 

"Sign'd JOHN HANCOCK, President." 

In Consequence of the foregoing resolve of Congress and the I 

Intelligence received from several parts of this State, that the dis- | 

affected and enemies to the United States of America are pursuing j 

the most dangerous schemes to destroy the Credit of the Money ; 

issued under the authority of Congress, which wicked and Mischevi- l 

ous practises are likely to be attended with the most pernicious Con- j 

sequences, unless immediately suppressed by a speedy ana* Vigor- j 
ous exertion of the powers invested in this Council; therefore, 

Resolved, That if any person or persons from and after the pub- I 

lication of this resolve, shall refuse to take Continental Currency j 

in payment of any Debt or Contract whatsoever, or for any Goods, | 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY 71 

Merchandize or Commodity offered for sale, or shall ask a greater 
Price for any such Commodity in Continental Currency than in 
any other kind of money or specie, in full proof made thereof be- 
fore any three members of any County Committee, or any three Field 
officers of Militia of this State, the person or persons so .offending 
shall for the first offence be considered as a dangerous Member of 
Society, and forfeit the Goods offered for sale or Bargained for, 
or debt Contracted, to the person to whom the Goods were offered 
for Sale or by whom they were bargained for, or from whom such 
Debt is due, and shall moreover pay a fine of five pounds to the 
State, to be levied immediately by the persons to whom forfeitures 
are directed to be paid by thrs resolve, provided such debt or Con- 
tract do not exceed that Sum ; but if the debt Due or price of such 
goods bargained for or offered to sale exceed the sum of five pounds, 
then the person offending as aforesaid, shall, besides the Debt due, 
goods Contracted for or offered to sale, forfeit to the full amount of 
said Debt, Contract or price agreed on or demanded, one-third part 
of such forfeitures to be for the use of the informer, and the re- 
maining two-third Parts to the Use of this State, to be paid to the 
Committee of the County where the forfeiture is incurred, or where 
no such Committee exists, to the three Field officers of the Militia 
of the next nearest Battalion, to be by them transmitted to the public 
Treasury of this State, after deducting reasonable Costs, such for- 
feiture to be levied immediately, by the direction and authority of 
the said Committee or Field Officers ; and every person so offending, 
shall for the second offence be subject to the aforementioned penal- 
ties, and be banished this State, to such place and in such manner, 
as this Council shall direct: 

Nevertheless, if any person shall think him or herself aggrieved 
by the determination of any of the said Committees or Field Offi- 
cers, he or she shall be allowed an appeal to this Council, provided 
the said appeal be made within six weeks after such determination 
made and information thereof given by the said Committee or Field 
Officers to the parties in Writing ; A regular record of the pro- 
ceedings in every case to be transmitted to this board in four Weeks 
after determination. 

Resolved, That all persons whose Shops, Stores or Warehouses, 
have been heretofore shut up, and have been restrained from carry- 
ing on a Commercial Intercourse with the inhabitants of this State, 
for refusing Continental Currency, shall be released from such re- 
straint and permitted to open their Shops, Stores or Warehouses, 
and that persons who are in Confinement for the same offence, be 
Immediately discharged from such confinement, to be subject 
nevertheless to the penalties described in the foregoing resolution 
for future offences. 



72 MINUTES OF THE 



In Council of Safety, January 2nd, 1777. 

present : 

DAVID RITTENHOUSE, V. P. 
Owen Biddle, Win. Lyon, 

Joseph Blewer, Joseph Dean, 

Wm. Moore, Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, 

John Bull, Francis Gurney. 

Resolved, That the widow of John Sherer, deceased, be allowed 
half pay from the time of said Sherer' s decease until the first day 
of June next, when the Council will give further directions in the 
premices. 

(N. B. The above mentioned John Sherer belonged to the Con- 
gress armed Boat, & died the 8th July, 1776.) 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Capt. John 
Hazlewood, for -£50, to be charged to his acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Capt. Joseph 
Blewer, ft>r £100, to be charged to his acco't. 

Resolved, That Mr. Moses Young be employed as an assistant 
to the Secretary. 

Capt. Geo. Bickham was directed to pay Capt. Charles Leeper* 
^611 5 6, for dieting 11 men of his Company from Cumberland 
County, tu be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Henry Funk £21 15 0, for 29 
pair of Shoes d'd Capt. Bickham. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay John Elwood 'j£25 10 0, for attendance on 
the armed Boats while up the river Delaware, to assist in trans- 
porting the Troops across the River and defending the Passes. 

Resolved, That all those persous who have been appointed on 
the new Establishment to any office in any of the Regiments order- 
ed to be raised in this State, and who have not received their Com- 
missions, do apply on or before the 10th instant to this Council for 
the same; all such who neglect to comply with this resolve may ex- 
pect to be superseded, as the public service requires their immedi- 
ate attendance. 

Resolved, That all the officers who have been in the Continental 
Service in any of the Regiments raised in this State, or belonged 
to Colonel Miles' or Colonel Atlee's Battalions, and have not been 
appointed under the new arrangement of Congress, or in the Regi- 
ment of this State, and who intend to continue in service, be re- 
quired to send in their names to this Council, with the name of the 
Regiment they belonged to, and their rank, on or before the 10th In* 
stant, and this Council will proceed immediately to fill up the va- 
cancies, and in order that the Merits and Claims of the applicants 
may be better known, it is expected that they produce certificates 
of their Conduct from some General or Field Officers, which will be 
duly attended to in makiDg the new appointments. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 73 

pi Mr. Nesbitt to pay Lieut. Isaac Hannah &Stl 13 0, for arms and 
accoutrements, to be charged to Col. Tim'y Green. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Standley & Sing £218 1 3, for 
290f yards Cloth delivered to Capt. Bickham. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in fav'r of Capt. John 
McGowen, for 300 Dollars, for recruiting Service for the Regiments 
belonging to this State. 

Resolved, That the Committee of Northampton County do im- 
mediately take the Ferry at Easton, kept by Lewis Gordon, under 
their direction, and cause it to be properly attended, and especially 
that all Soldiers and Expresses in the Continental Service be for- 
warded over the said Ferry, be solely under the controul and di- 
rection of the said Committee of Northampton County. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay the following accounts : 

Capt. Stephen Krumrine£12 3 6, for colours, Drums, Fifes, &ca. 
2 9 6, for Repairing Arms. 
19 4 0, for Arms, to be charged to 
Colonel Daniel Hunter, of the 6th Battalion of Berks County. 

Col Archibald Thomson £10 for arms, to be charged to his 
acco't, and £5 14 6 for a Drum & expences in Collecting the Bat- 
talion. 



In Council of Safety, January 3d, 1777. 

present : 
THOMAS WHARTON, Jun'r, President. 
David Rittenhouse, V. P. 

Francis Gurney, Joseph Blewer, 

Joseph Dean, James Cannon, 

Owen Biddle, Wm. Moore, 

John Bull, John Hubley. 

Samuel Morris, Sen'r, 
Resolved, That Messrs. Rittenhouse & Biddle be a Committee 
to engage a person or persons to make an attempt at casting of 
Brass Ordinance, for which purpose they are authorized to draw on 
the Treasurer for all the necessary Expenses attending that Busi- 
ness. 

Capt. Geo. Bickham was directed to pay Lieut. Isaac Hannah 
£23 7 6, for Expences of part of Capt. Rogers' Comp'y, on their 
March to join General Washington, to be charged to Congress. 
An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Colonel Wm. 
Cook, for Two Thousand Dollars, for payment of Bounty & wages 
for his Regiment, to be charged to his acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay an order drawn on* this board by 
Col. Samuel Hunter, of Northumberland County, for Five Hundred 
Dollars, for payment of Militia in that County (a month's wages) 



74 MINUTES OP THE 

who are engaged to join General Washington, to be charged to Col. 
Hunter. 

Captain Geo. Bickham was directed to pay Capt. John Carrothers 
£16 17 6, for nine days' subsistence of 15 men, on their march to 
Philadelphia, to be charged to Congress. And likewise, Capt. Bick- 
ham was directed to pay Lieut. James Oliver £16 1 7, for Nine 
days' subsistance & Ferriage of 14 men, to be charged to Congress. 

Commodore Seymour was directed to issue all Orders respecting 
the Fire Ships, Fire Rafts and Guard Boats, thro' Captain John 
Hazlewood, who commands that Department. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay James Currie, for a Firelock de- 
livered to Mr. Towers, £2 15 0. 

The following persons were sent off as Expresses, to be stationed 
at the undermentioned Places, for the purpose of forwarding Dis- 
patches to this Board from Head Quarters, viz : 

Mr. Watkins ) are to go to the Camp, or where General Wash- 
Mr. Barnhill $ ington is. * 

Edward Stroud, at Burlington. 

Michael Bower, at Bristol. 

George Spangler, at Red Lyon. 

George Genter, at Jolly Post. 

Frederick Wier, at Trenton Ferry, this Side. 

George Howes, at Corryell's Ferry. 

William Morris, at Bogart's Tavern. 

Peter Warner, at the Billet Tavern. 

Frederick Lesher, at Armitage's Tavern. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in fav'r of Mr. Benj'n 
Poultney, for two Thousand Dollars, to be charged to Capt. Geo. 
Bickham. 

Capt. Geo. Bickham was directed to pay Capt. Elias Dawson £4 
11 11, for subsistance for 5 men of his Company, on their March 
to Join General Washington, to be charged to Congress. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in fav'r of Capt. Henry 
Shade, for 200 Dollars, to be charged to Col. Joseph Penrose. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Capt. James Poe £10 15 3, 
for Travelling Expences of his Company, to be charg'd to Congress. 

Resolved, That Mr. Wm. Gray be appointed a Captain of a 
Company of Foot in the Continental Service, to be placed in some 
future Regiment* 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 75 



In Council of Safety, January 4th, 1777. 

present : 
THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President. 

David Rittenhouse, V. P. 

John Bull, Francis Gurney, 

Joseph Dean, Wm. Lyon, 

John Hubley, Joseph Blewer, 

William Moore, Sam'l Morris, Sen'r. 

Capt. Geo. Bickham was directed to pay John Loekrom £10, 
for Shoes delivered to Capt. Bickham. 

John M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, was directed to pay James Oellers £15 
12 9, for an anchor for the armed schooner Delaware, £128 5 0, 
for 114 Blankets, delivered Capt. Bickham, £595 12 0, for 20 
Muskets, 75,000 Flints, & 1016 lbs. Powder, delivered to Mr. 
Towers, to be charg'd to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Michael Goodman «£3 15 0, for 
Porterage of 20 Hhds. of Rum to Shallop, to be sent to the army 
under Gen. Washington, to be charged to Congress. 

John Maxwell Nesbitt was directed to pay Mr. Robert Irwin 
one Thousand Dollars, to be charged to his acco't. 

Capt. Geo. Bickham was directed to pay Jeremiah Eldridge 
£144 14 0, for Mittens & Stockings. 

John Riddle £23 16 3, for Blanketing & Cloth. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Charles Woolfall £17 18 10, 
for Iron Work for the armed schooner Delaware. 

Capt. Geo. Bickham was directed to pay Wandle Zerban £302 
12 6, for Shoes delivered to Capt. Bickham. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. Stitz, for arms purchased, 
£11 18 0, to be charged to Col. Henry Hill. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Thomas Nevill, 
for £100, to be charged to his acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Messrs. Peter 
Dehaven & Co, for £500, to be charged to their account. 

N. B. The above order was delivered to Mr. Pugh. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay James Ennis £20 0, for 
Riding Express & attending on this Council with a Horse, to be 
charged to Congress. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Capt. Wm. 
Wortz, for three hundred Dollars, for recruiting Service-, to be 
charged to Coi. Penrose. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay the two following Acco'ts : 

To Gudlip Roll for 46 pair Shoes, a 13s, £29 18. 

To John Leckkerum for 30 pair Shoes, a 20s, £30. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay to Joseph Stansbury £5 11 S, 
for Glass & delph ware, for Ship Montgomery. 



76 MINUTES OF THE 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Lieu't Chambers £3 10 0, for 
a Musket, to be charged to Col. Samuel Hunter. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Captain Jacob Shits, of Col. 
Hill's Batt'n, £6 9, for Wages and Repairs of Drum and fife, to 
be charged to the Colonel. 

Captain Bickham was directed to pay Captain Reihm £1 8, for 
Breakfast of 28 men, to be charged to Congress. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Captain "Wm. Blaine, of 
Cumberland County, £55 0, for Traveling expences of himself, 
LieutenaDt, Ensign, 2 Sergeants, & 15 men, to be charged to Con- 
gress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Abraham Mason £1 2 6, for 
work for 4 men in the Elaboratory, £7 2 6, to be charged to Con- 
gress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Lieu't Morgan -£4 10 0, for 
Traveling Expences for Bringing 5 prisoners from Trenton to this 
City, to be charged to Congress. 

Captain Bickham was directed to pay Jonas Abraham £18 14 0, 
for 22 pair of Shoes. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. Daniel Murphy ^40 0, 
for the use of the Armed Boat Eagle, to be charged to his aceo't. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed' to pay Thomas Kerling £45, for 10 
Guns & Bayonets, @ £\. 10, delivered Robert Towers. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. Peter Hoffnagle £26 19 
0, for sundry Shoes, Stockings, & Blankets, to be charged to Col. 
Geo. Ross, of Lancaster County. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. Elias Davison, £2 10 0, 
for a Muskett deliver'd to Mr. Towers. 



In Council of Safety, 

Philadelphia, January 5th, 1777. 

present : 
THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President. 
David Rittenhouse, V. P. 

John Bull, Owen Biddle, 

Joseph Blewcr, James Cannon, 

Joseph Dean, Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, 

John Hubley, Wm. Lyon. 

Captain Bickham was directed to pay Captain Thomas Clarke 7 
of Col. James Willson's Batt'n of Cumberland Militia, £37 10, 
for Sustenance and Ferriage over Susquehanna of 33 Men, 11 Daya 
@2sP. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 77 

p ' "^ Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Captain Lewis Farmer 
bap . | Q Qe hundred Pounds, towards defraying the Expences of 
S r ' | Conducting the Hessian officers to Baltimore, to be 
* ' J charged to his account. 

That Capt. Joseph Blewer do furnish Capt. Casdrop with money 
to provide for such sick and wounded Militia oT this City as he 
may meet on the Road between this and Head Quarters. 

Resolved, That Major Benjamin Loxley be requested to exhibit 
his accounts to this Council, in order for a Settlement. 



In Council of Safety, 

Philadelphia, January 6th, 1777. 
present : 
THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President. 
David Rittenhouse, Y. P. 

William Moore, William Lyon, 

Samuel Morris, Sen'r, Benj'n Bartholomew, 

Joseph Blewer, George Gray, 

John Hubley, 
Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Joseph Carson £\%2 10. 
Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Benjamin Stites £5, for attend- 
ance and cure of Joshua G-iffen, belonging to the Brig'r com- 
manded by Capt. Montgomery, blown up at Cape May. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Mr. Robert Towers, Commis- 
sary of Stores, £183 15 5, for arms bought by him with Men's 
wages, &c. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay the following accounts : 
Michael Sist for building a Chimney, £2 5 0. 
John Bray, for going Express on public service, &ca., £12 15 0, 
Charge Congress. — 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in fav'r of Rob't Erwin,for 
five Hundred Pounds, to be charged to his acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in fav'r of Col. Isaac Mel- 
chor, for One Thousand Dollars, to be charged to his acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay John Robnet & David Crawford £2 0, for 
work on board the Flat to take 20 Hhds. Rum to the Army, to be 
charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay James Gardner £Q 0, for a 
Rifle Gun delivered to Capt. Thomas Clark, to be charged to Col. 
James Wilson. 

Mr. Rob't Erwin was directed to pay John Dickey £18, David 
Patton £16 10, Frederick Humble £16 10, Jacob Reigart £16 10, 
Sam'l Wiley £16 10, Robert Sterett £16 10, David Foot £16 10, 



78 MINUTES OF THE 

James Walker £16 10, John Lusk £16 10 0, John Aries £12 
0, for waggon hire, & 5s for ferriage. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay the Directors of the Pennsylva- 
nia Hospital £90 5. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Wm. Blaine for a Grubing Ax & 2 Mattock 
d'd Mr. Towers.' 

Resolved, That General Ewingbe requested to order Col. Slough 
of Lancaster to march with his Battalion, or such part thereof 
as are now in the Town of Lancaster, to this City, without delay. 

That Captain Mercer, of Col. Ross' Battalion, in Lancaster, be 
likewise ordered to march immediately to this City. 

Resolved, That Mr. Christian Wertz be appointed Town Major of 
Lancaster. 

Resolved, That the Committee of Lancaster direct a sufficient 
number of aged or infirm Persons who are unfit to bear the fatigues 
of the Campaign, to be enrolled under the Town Major, for the 
purpose of Guarding the Prisoners in the Barracks, the Amunition 
and Stores in Lancaster, during the absence of the militia. 



In Council of Safety, January 7th, 1777. 

present : 
THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President. 
David Rittenhotjse, V. P. 

Benjamin Bartholomew, Joseph Blewer, 

Joseph Dean, Wm. Moore, 

Owen Biddle, Fred. Kuhl. 

John Hubley, 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay David Ware, Shoemaker, £100, 
for 100 pair Mens' shoes. 

Captain George Bickham was ordered to pay Capt. Samuel Ir- 
win of Col. Blain's Battalion in Cumberland Militia, £18 11 0, for 
subsistance money on the March from Cumberland to the City, & 
Ferriage, to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Armstrong for a Gun de- 
livered to Colo. Hunter of Northumberland, appraised at £3 10 0. 

Capt. Geo. Bickham was directed to pay Fred. Snyder £7 2 6, 
for 7 Blankets j Also, to pay Robert McNair £± 13 6, for 5f 
yards Cloth @ 1 7s. 

Mr. Robert Irwin, Waggon-master Gen*l, was directed to pay 
John Bayley £207, for hire of 4 Waggons, from 28 to 32 days, 
including his pay as waggon-Master for 32 days @ 15s to be 
charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. James Rogers of Col. 
Green's Batt'n of Riflemen of Lancaster County £84 5 4, for Guns, 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 79 

Powder horns, Shot Pouches, Blankets & Haver Sacks, &c, bought 
by said Rogers and appraised by James Johnson and Jas. Rony, 
to be charged to Col. Timothy Green. 

Capt. Bickham was order'd to pay Samuel Young £31 10, for 28 
pair of Shoes, @ 22s 6. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Lieut. Col. Naugle 2,000 Dol- 
lars, for recruiting service for the ninth Pennsylvania Reg't, to be 
charged to the Colonel. 

He was also order'd to pay James Hand £2$ 11 7, for 9£ Cord 
of Hickory Wood, a 60s per Cord, and Cordage Is 7. 



In Council of Safety, January 8th, 1777. 

present : 
THOMAS WHARTON jun'r, President. 

David Rittenhouse, Y. P. 

Joseph Blewer, Joseph Dean, 

John Bull, John Hubley. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay James M' Clean, E?q'r, £68, 
being the amo't of two acco'ts, viz: £41 12 6 and £26 7 6, Paid 
by Col. John Allison, for Arms taken from non-Associators in An- 
trim and Peters .Township, Cumberland County, and put into the 
hands of his Battalion, then under marching Orders for Amboy. 
These arms were appraised by Tho's Johnson, Fergus Moorehead, 
Henry Pawling, Patrick Maxwell, Robert Smith and David Huston, 
made payable to said McClean by Col. Allison, to be charged to 
his account. 

Mr. Nesbitt was ordered to pay Nicholas Spencer ^1 2 6, for 
Hawling three Cords of wood. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Rob't Ralston £7 12, for 9| 
yds. Cloth a 16s : Also to pay Major Yance £101 17 6, for 
travelling expences of two Companies of the 2nd Battalion of York 
County, to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Y. Payton, assistant in the Con- 
tinental Hospital, £14 5, for 1 month's pay and Rations, from the 
6th of Decem'r to the 6th of January, to be charg'd to Congress ; 
Also, to pay Doctor Bowie £14 5, for 1 month's pay and Rations, 
from the 6th Dec'r to the 6th Jan'ry, to be charged to Congress. 

An order was drawn on John Maxwell Nesbitt, Erq'r, in favour 
of Colonel Isaac Melcher, for 1,000 Dollars, to be charg'd to his 
acco't. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay James Mackay £1 8, for 2 Pair 
3, a 14s. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Allen and Hall £112 7, for 
Blacksmith's work done to the Floating Battery Putnam. 



80 MINUTES OF THE 

Capt. Bickhara was directed to pay John Wallace £4 10, for 3 
Blankets. 

Mr. Nesbitt was ordered to pay Robert Jewell, Esq'r, Keeper of 
the State Prison, £59 12 7i, being the Balla'ce of his acco't for 
dieting State Prisoners, the whole acco't amounting to £267 13 1£, 
(of w'h he has received £262 10,) £10 17 2 of w'h to be charged 
to this State, the remainder to Congress. 

Captain Geo. Bickham was directed to pay David Wallace £5 8, 
for 4 Blankets. 

An order was drawn on John Maxwell Nesbitt, Esq'r, for 2000 
Dollars, favor of Capt. Geo. Bickham. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Amos Alexander £10 11 £, 
for 40 i y'ds Linnen, @ 3s 7, 2 pair Hose, @ lis 8, and 1 Blanket, 
at 32s 6. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Captain Gardner, of the 4th 
Battalion of Chester County Militia, £2, for a Rugg bought by him 
for one of his Company, to be charged to Col. Evans. 

An order was drawn on Jno. Maxwell Nesbitt, Esq'r, for 300 
Dollars, in favour of Mr. Barnes, one of the Overseers of the Poor 
for the district of Southwark, to be charged to his account. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Robert Bridges £131 19, being 
the amo't of two acco'ts, viz : £52 for 40 Hammocks @ 26s, for 
the use of the Galley Convention, John Rice, Esq'r, Commander; 
and £79 19, for 302 yards of Canvas @ 4s 6, and 6 Barrels of 
Turpentine @ 40s, for the use of the Ship Montgomery, Henry 
Dougherty, Esq'r, Commander. 

Captain Bickham was directed to pay Capt. John Andrew, of 
the 5th Batt'n of Cumberland County, £6 9 4 being the Balance, 
he having rec'd £11 5 of Com. of Carlisle, the whole amo't, 17 14 4, 
for subsistence of one Captain and ten Privates- on their march to 
join General Washington, to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Patrick McDowell £5, for turn- 
ing 200 Bottoms for 3 and 4 lb. Ball, @ 50s, to be charg'd to Con- 
gress. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt for 4000 Dollars, in favor of 
Mr. Robert White, for the purpose of paying a month's Wages to 
advance to the Militia of Cumberland County, who enter into actual 
Service, to be charged to the Committee of Carlisle. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Boyd £7 5, for 2 Guns & 
Cartouch Box, for the use of a Company of the first Batt'n of As- 
sociators of Northumberland County, to be charged to Colonel 
Hunter. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Charles Clingin £4 7 6, for Hail- 
ing Cannon, to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was likewise directed to pay Doctor Dulap £40 17 
6, for Medicines provided the State Hospital, and two Month's 
Wages and Rations for a mate. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 81 

Resolved, That Robert Falconer be appointed an Ensign in the 
12th Pennsylvania Regiment of Foot, commanded by Col. Wm. 
Cook, in the room of John Stone, resigned. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt for a Balla. of £45 5, in 
favour of Colonel Philip Cole, for Cash advanc'd the 4th Battalion 
of Northumberland County, he to be accountable to Col. Sam'l 
Hunter for the same. 

Capt Bickham was directed^to pay Capt. James Gibson £Q7, for 
retain'd Rations of the 4th Battalion of Cumberland County, to be 
charged to Congress. 

Captain Bickham was ordered to pay the following acco'ts, viz : 
to James Cochran £1 8 9, for 1 Blanket; William Pennel £3 
17, for 3 Blankets; Rob't Evans £2 12 6, for 1 Blanket and 2 
Pair Shoes; Andrew Wallace £1 10, for 1 Blanket; Philip 
Boehm for 2 Pair of Shoes, £2 5; Geo. Woods £8 10, for 10 
Pair Shoes. 

Captain Bickham was directed to pay James Claypoole £15, for 
Expences that may attend making shirts, to be charg'd to his ac- 
count. 

Resolved, That Alexander Hunter, Esq'r, be appointed pay- 
master to the militia of Northumberland County, enrolled to serve 
to the Tenth of March next. 



In Council of Safety. 

Philadelphia, January 9th, 1777. 

present : 

THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President. 
Joseph Blewer, John Hubley, 

Joseph Dean, Sam'l Morris, Sen'r. 

John Bull, 
An order was drawn on John M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, Treas'r, in fav'r 
of Messrs. Christ'r Marshall & Co. for £500, for the purpose of 
providing for Sick Soldiers, to be charged to their acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in fav'r of John Mitchel, 
Esq'r, for £1500, to be charged to his acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Peter Clark £b 15 0, for a Rifle 
delivered to Mr. Towers. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in fav'r of Lewis Nicola, 
Esq'r, Town Major, one Thousand Pounds, for the use of the City 
Guards, to be charged to his acco't. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay James Douglass £1 10 11, 
for 4| yards of Swanskin @ 7s 6, and Robert Giffin for 21 yards 
of Linnen @ 3s 6, £S 13 6. 

VOL. XI. — 6. 



82 MINUTES OF THE 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Mr. James Stuart two Hundred 
Dollars, for the use of Poor Associators iu Capt. Moulder's Com- 
pany, while in actual Service, to be charged to Mr. Stuart. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. Paul Zantzinger £73 6 6, 
for pay and Rations of his Campany of Militia, in Colonel Ross' 
Battalion of Lancaster County, commencing Nov'r 16, and ending 
the 20th, both days inclusive, to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Captain Christopher Crawford f 
£25 18 9, for pay and Rations of his Company of Militia in Col. 
Ross' Batt'n of Lancaster Co., Commencing the 16th Nov'r, & 
ending the 20th, both days inclusive, to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Captain Peter Hoofnagle £51 5, 
for pay and Rations of his Company of Militia, in Col. Ross' 
Batt'n of Lancaster County, commencing the I6th and ending the 
20th Nov'r, both days inclusive, to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Captain Henry £52 7 1, for 
pay and Rations of his Company of Militia, in Col. Ross' Batta- 
lion of Lancaster County, Commencing the 16th and ending the 
20th Nov'r, both days inclusive, to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Captain Andrew Graff £52 12 
6, for pay and Rations of his Company of Militia in Col. Ross' 
Batt'n of Lancaster Co., Commencing the 16th and ending the 
20th Nov'r, both days inclusive, to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Wm. Justice £5 10, for a Gun ; 
Pouch and Horn, to be charged to Col. Jno. Piper, of the 1st 
Batt'n of Bedford County Militia. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Wm. Lowry £3 15, for a Rifle 
Gun lost in the Service at Trenton, when the Stores of the army 
were removing across the Delaware, in Dec'r, to be charged to 
Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Ebenezer Lundy £151 1, for 
202 Oartouch Boxes and 200 Bayonet Belts delivered to Mr 
Tower3. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Andrew Carson £473, for 
157 Pair Leather Breeches @ 60s, and 2 pair -Shoes @ 20s, 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt for 2000 Dollars, in favour 
of Capt. Geo. Bickham, to be charg'd to his Account. 

Resolved, That Edward Cowan be appointed Paymaster to the 
1st Battalion of Lancaster County Militia. 

Resolved, That Joseph Blewer and Joseph Dean be appointed to 
Collect all the Cannon in this city and suburbs, that they may 
think suitable for the service of this State, and that they may 
employ as many Persons as they think necessary for mounting the 
said Cannon on truck & travelling Carriages, as soon as possible. 



% 

COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 83 

In Council of Safety, January 10th 7 1777, 

PRESENT. 

THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President. 

Davib Ritten house, V. P. 

Joseph Blewer, Wm. Moore, 

Joseph Dean, John Bull, 

Sam'l Morris, Sen'r. John Hubley. 

Captain Geo. Bickham was directed to pay Captain Boyd for 
Milage of his Major, himself, adjutant, 2 Lieut., ensign, four Ser- 
geants, & 33 Privates, @ 47 Miles, £10 8 8. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Culberson £2 10, for 2 
Blankets for Capt. M. Boyd's Company, to be charged to Colonel 
John Hannum, of Chester County. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Col. Philip Cole, £21 2 1 J, for 
expences for collecting his Battalion & marching them to this city 
to join Gen. Washington. 

Resolved, That Mr. Conrod Weaver be appointed to assist Mr. 
William Coates, to take care of the Sick in the Northern Liberties, 
in the room pf Mr. Wm. Masters. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Col. Joseph 
Penrose, for Five Thousand Dollars, for recruiting Service for the 
10th Pen'a Reg't, to be charged to his acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Messrs. Wm. 
Coates & Conrod Weaver, for ^6100, for the purpose of, providing 
for sick soldiers in the Northern Liberties, they to be accountable. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Mr. Robert 
Towers, for £50, to be charged to his acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. Rob't McKees £14 2 6, 
lor 11 Blanketts for the use of his Company, to be charged to Col. 
Bartram Gilbraith. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Offner £18 10, for ex- 
pences in conveying 5 British officers and 3 servants from Easton 
to Brunswick, to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Robert Elliott £6 0, for a 
Gun, to be charged to Col. Piper, of Bedford County. 

Mr. Nesbitt was ordered to pay Mr. Philip Boehm Twenty 
Pounds, for the use of poor Associators of Capt. Hassencliver's 
Comp'y, 1st Batt'n, he to be accountable. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Daniel Grubb & Co. £37 10, 
for Labourers' pay and hire of 2 Boats employed by Major Proc- 
tor. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay George Palmer £4, for Piloting 2 
Vessels between Philad'a and Trenton. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Jacob Hill and Peter Baker 
£11 10, for Work and Boat Hire, employed by Major Proctor, 



84 MINUTES OF THE 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Frederick Snyder .£12 8, for 
attendance of the Council for 31 days a 8s. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Marcus Hulings £26, for a Boat 
employ'd in transporting the Baggage of Colonel Cook's Battalion 
from Shamokin to Harris' Ferry, which Boat was accidentally stove ; 
to be charged to Congress. 

Resolved, That Mr. Robert Irwin do pay the Waggoners' Wages 
which have been employed in this State, a 30s. p day, deducting 10 
s. p day if they receive, public Feed, or in proportion for so much 
as they do receive, having a due regard for proper Vouchers of the 
time they have been in service, and that he discharge none which 
are fit for service, without orders of Council. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt for 300 Dollars, in favor of 
Captain John M'Gowen,for recruiting service for the Pennsylvania 
Regiment, now commanded by Major Williams, he to be account- 
able to the Major. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt for £60, in favor of Lewis 
Guyon, towards work done for this State, to be charged to his Ac- 
co't. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Jacob Myers £4 15, for Work 
and Porterage for this State. 



In Council of Safety, January 11th, 1777. 

present : 
DAVID RITTENHOUSE, V. P. 

Owen Biddle, William Moore, 

John Bull, Samuel Morris, Sen'r. 

Joseph Blewcr, Joseph Dean. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Capt. Tho's Whiteside £o 
4, for Milage of 11 men 70 Miles, (Col. Porter's Batt'n of Lan- 
caster County Militia,) to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Tho's Waters £30, for 6 Flat 
loads of Stone, for filling up the Piers at Fort Island. 

Resolved, That Wilton Atkinson be appointed Quarter Master 
to the 12th Pennsylvania Regiment of Foot, Commanded by Col. 
"VVm. Cook. 

Resoloed, That all Captains or inferior Officers of Militia who 
'Produce Accounts to this Board, for expenccs attending the march 
of the Militia to this City, shall be qualified to such accounts be- 
fore they are passed by the Secretary. 

Captain Bickham was directed to pay Robert Smith £20 12 6, 
for 37 1 yards Flannel, a lis. 

Captain Bickham was directed to pay Colonel James Moor £22 
.10 4, and Lieut. Col. Joseph Park -£18 8 6, for Expences in Col- 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 85 

lecting the 1st Batt'n of Chester County Militia, including half-pay 
of the Colonels for One month and ten days, to be charged to 
Congress. 

Resolved, That the Paymasters to the several Pennsylvania 
Reg'ts do pay to each of the Officers and Men their respective 
wages once p month. 

Resolved, That all the Officers and men belonging to Miles' and 
Atlee's Battalions, who are now in this City or the Suburbs, be 
paraded before the Lodge, on Monday morning next, that their ne- 
cessities may be enquired into, and Cloathing delivered out to them. 

The Senior Officers of that Corps are to see that this resolve be 
complied with, and that notice be given to the men & other officers 
in due time. And no party or detachment of the said Corps is to 
march from this City to Head Quarters or elsewhere, without or- 
ders from this Council. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay James Hall £23 12 6, for 
27 Pair Shoes, a 17s. 6. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. Andrew Graff 29 6 9, 
for Blankets. Shoes and Stockings, of 1st Batt'n Lancaster Militia. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Simon and Levy =£377 7 6, for 
Guns delivered to the following Colonels, to be charged to their 
accounts, Vizt : 

20 Rifle Guns deliver'd Capt. Robinson's Co., of the 

4th Battalion of Cumberland County, a £6 10s., £130 "00 
17 Guns deliver'd Robert Elder's Comp'y of the 4th 
Battalion Lancaster County, a £6 10s., 110 10 

21 Rifle Guns delivered Major Davis, Col. Montgom- 
ery's Battalion of Lancaster County, a £6 10s., 136 17 6 
An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, £3 10, in favour of Robert 

King, for a musket sold Lieu't Col. Murray, of Col. Potter's Reg't, 
for the use of said Reg't, to be charged to Col. Potter. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Mr. Samuel Morris £4 3, for 
Oatmeal and Barley, purchased by him for the use of the General 
Hospital at Bristol, to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Thomas Fitzgerald £1 16, for 
Hailing Plank for the Floating Battery. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Storer, Steward, of the 
Penn'a Hospital, ^104 15 0, for nursing Sick soldiers in the 
Hospital, &ca, to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Lieu't James Young £!22 0, 
for 5 Stand of arms Left at Fort Washington, to be charged to 
Congress. 

Resolved, That John Hubley, Esq'r, be authorized to employ all 
the Shoemakers amongst the Hessian Prisoners at Lancaster, in 
making of Shoes for this State, for which purpose the sum of two 
thousand Pounds shall be advanced to him or his order, for the pur- 
chase of leather and other materials for working upon ; and he is to 
pay them a small allowance for their labour, for which Service Mr. 
Hubley is to have a reasonable compensation. 



86 MINUTES OF THE 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Capt. VVni. McAleavy £18 
19, for Rations due his Company of the 1st Batten of Militia of 
Bedford County, to be charged to Congress. 

Capt. Geo. Bickham was directed to pay Capt. John Lee, for sub- 
sistance of his Company from Northumberland County, £75 12 
4£, to be charged to Congress. 

Resolved, That John Hubley, Esq'r, be appointed Commissary 
of the Continental Stores, and of the Stores of this State at Lancas- 
ter, with the Rank and pay of a Major, And to have full powers 
to appoint such Deputies as he may judge necessary. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Capt. Clugage & Capt. Par- 
ker -£14 19, for travelling Expences for their Companies from Bed- 
ford County, to be charged to Congress. 



In Council of Safety. 

Philad'a, January 12th, 1777. 
present : 
DAVID RITTENHOUSE, V. P. 

Owen Biddle, Joseph Blewer, 

Sam'l ?dorris, Sen'r, James Cannon, 

Joseph Dean, John Hubley. 

Orders were given to Colonel Morgan to have the 2nd Batten ot 
Militia in Berks County, which he is to command, to make all neces- 
sary preparations, and to hold themselves in readiness to march on 
the Shortest notice, and wait until further orders from this Board. 

The Council being informed that a number of the Country Mili- 
tia are returning to their respective homes, disgusted at the pre- 
cipitate orders they received this day, to march when they were not 
supplied w'th provisions, and in want of many other necessaries, 
which orders were given without the approbation of this Board. 

Resolved, That John Hubley, Esq'r, a member of this board, be 
directed to endeavour to prevail on such of the Militia to return, 
and to assure them that this Council have, and ever will warmly 
interest themselves in behalf of their Countrymen, the Militia of 
this State, And will exert their authority to the utmost to preserve 
to them the rights of Freemen ; and further, that this Council will, 
as far as possible, furnish such as shall return, with all proper 
equipments, And by no means consent to their being compelled to 
join the Continental Army until they are so supplied. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 87 

In Council of Safety. 

Philad'a, January 13th, 1777 

PRESENT I 

THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President. 
David Rittenhouse, V. P. 

Joseph Dean, William Moore, 

Owen Biddle, Chairman, Joseph Blewer, 
John Bull, John Hubiey, 

Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, James Cannon. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay to Robert Fitzgerald £33 4 10, 
for work done the Ship Montgomery, and £12 116, for work done 
the Galley Convention. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay James McDonald, Commis- 
sary to the Northumberland Militia, £300 8 10, for providing the 
Militia with provisions, on their march to this City. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Martin Wirt £75 19, being the 
BalFe of his acco't, for hire of a Schooner for 77 days, a 30s, and 
work done by himself and hands at Chevaux de Frize. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay David Robb £7, for 2 Guns and 
one Blanket, for the use of the 2nd Batt'n of Northumberland 
county, to be charged to Colonel James Murray. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay the following Person £36 7, to 
be charged to Col. James Murray of the 2nd Batt'n of Cumber- 
land County, viz : 

To Capt. Cookson Long £Q 10, for a Rifle Gun. 

To Do. 5 10, for a Gun. 

To Do. 11, for 2 Guns, Horn, Pouches and 

Charger. 

To Do. 6 17, for 1 Gun and Blanket. 

To Do. 6 10, for 1 Gun and Blanket from 

John Luce. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Samuel Harris £7 4, for work 
done the Arms of the Militia of Northumberland County. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Samuel Harris £16 7, for re- 
pairs of the arms of the Militia of Northumberland, by order of 
Major John Harris. 

Capt. Bickham to pay Capt. Thomas Paxton £31 8 6, for 
BalFe of his acco't of Subsistence of his Comp'y from Bedford 
County, to be charged to Congress. (N. B. Capt. Paxton left 
Bills to the amo't of £9 19, at Taverns on the road. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. Sam'l Wilson £23 16, 
for pay of his Comp'y of the 5th Batt'n of York Co. Militia. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Major John Rogers £20, for his 
pay, and Rations for 28 days, (of the 2nd Batt'n of Lancaster 
county,) to be charged to Congress. 



88 MINUTES OF THE 

• An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Benjamin Mar- 
shall for £200, for the purpose of assistance of the families of 
poor Militia of Capt. Bowers' Company. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Colonel James Murray 67 Dol- 
lars, being advance for a Company of men in Northumberland 
County. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Lieut. Col. Jameg Murray 
£25 6 3, for sundry expences attending this Batt'n of Northum- 
berland Co. Militia. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay the officers of the above 
Batt'n £42, for subsistence money. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Capt. John Clark £148 19, 
for subsistence money, for his Co. of the North'd Co. Militia. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Emanuel Woodly £13 5 0, for 
Boat Hire. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Mr. Robert 
Irvine for £500, for the payment of Waggon hire, to be charged to 
l his account. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt favor of Doctor Harris, for 
£150, to be charged to his account. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Capt. Alex'r Trindle £27 12, 
for subsistence of his Co. from Carlisle to this City, to be charged, 
to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John McGinnet £ll 5, for 
carrying stone from Fort Island to the Piers. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Lewis Harrington £10, for 
10 pair Shoes. 



In Council of Safety, January 14th, 1777.. 

PRESENT : 

THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, President. 

David Rittenhouse, Owen Biddle, 

Joseph Blewer, John Hubley, 

Joseph Dean, John Bull. 

Win. Moore, 
An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Capt. Gusta- 
vus Resberg for £500, for expences in carrying on the Continental 
Powder Mill, to be charged to Col. Biddle & Major Jos. Copperth- 
waite. 

Messrs. Mease & Caldwell was directed to pay Col. Fred. Wats 
£l 8 0, for a Ball'e due him for Blankets delivered to Mr. Towers, 
& Rations, to be charged to Con. 

Capt. Geo. Bickham was directed to pay Samuel Goudys, for the 
subsistence of his Company from Juniata, £G0 0, to be charged 
to Congress. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 89 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Doctor William Stephens 
£3 13 9, for Medicine and Attendance of Thos. Smith, Bifleman 
of Capt. Murray's Co., 2nd Batt'n of Pennsylv'a. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Johnson £5 18, for nur- 
sing, attendance, and funeral expences of the above Tho's Smith. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Scott £9 7,6, for 7 
Blankets and a Waggon Cloth for the use of Capt. Wm. Scott's 
Comp'y of Col. Klotz's Batt'n of the Flying Camp, to be charged 
to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Captain Hoofnagle £% 9 10, 
being cash paid by him to Jacob Dickert for repairing Arms &c. , 
charge to Congress. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Thomas Nevell, 
for One Hundred pounds, to be charged to his acco't towards Gun 
s Carriages making by him. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Captain Wil- 
liam Gray, for Two Hundred Dollars, for recruiting service, to be 
charged to his acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Mr. Robt. Towers £258 19 6, 
for making Cartridges, Arms Purchased, &ca. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Thomas Holliday, Ensign of 
Capt'n. Wm. McAlewy's Comp'y of Bedford Co., £5, being the 
Ball'ce of a month's pay, to be charged to Congress. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Colonel Henry Geiger £89 
4 6, for charges of apprehending and bringing to Reading Goal 
the following persons, who are suspected of being Tories, to whose 
acco't this sum is to be charged, viz ; William Thomas, Philip 
Mooser, Michael Ohl, Casper Boldof, Michael Buck, Henry Stin- 
ninger & Jacob Oswalt. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Nicholas Spring £1 17 6, for 
Hailing Wood. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Col. Henry 
Geiger, for £75 0, for the purpose of purchasing Blankets, &ca., 
for His Battalion, Northampton County, to be charged to his ac- 
count. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Capt, Rider £16, for Exp's 
of his Comp'y from the 4th until the 11th Inst, to be charged to 
the Colonel, Henry Geiger. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Davis Bevan £14= 12 6, for Ex- 
pences going to Lewistown to obtain the release of Prisoners from 
the Roebuck Man of War. 

Resolved, That Messrs. Josiah Hewes & Andrew Tybout & 
Robert Tucking, be appointed to take care of the Prisoners return- 
ed from New York, & to provide them with such necessaries as 
they may stand in need of, and that they make return to this Coun- 
cil of their names, with the Battalions to which they belong, and 
also that they do return to Messrs. Mease & Caldwell, such as be- 
long to the Continental Army, and to John Maxwell Nesbitt, Esq'r, 
such as belong to this State, that they may receive their pay. 



90 MINUTES OF THE 

Resolved, That the officers of the first Battalion of Lancaster 
County, and the few men who remained with them when they were 
deserted by the greater part of the Battalion on the 12th instant, 
deserve the warmest acknowledgments of this Board for their en- 
deavors to prevail on their Countrymen to stay, though those en- 
deavors proved unsuccessful : and that the conduct of those who 
basely deserted, at that time, without applying to this Council, and 
waiting for redress, if they thought themselves aggrieved, is highly 
reprehensible. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of John Hubley, 
Esq'r, for two Thousand Pounds, (agreeable to a Resolve of 11th 
Inst,) to be charged to his acco't. 



In Council of Safety, January 15th, 1777. 

present : 
THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President. 

David Rittenhouse, V. P. 

Joseph Dean, John Bull, 

Joseph Blewer, Wm. Moore, 

Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, John Hubley. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Abram Mason £12 7 6, for 
work done by Sundry Persons in the Elabratory, to be charged to 
Congress. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in fav'r of Messrs. Peter 
Dehaven & Co., for five Hundred Pounds, to be charged to their 
acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Peter Knight, 
£100, to supply the poor families of Capt. Williams' Company, to 
be charged to Mr. Knight. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Benjamin Armitage £2 9 4, for 
Tavern Expences of Major Proctor's Men, with 2 Waggons of am- 
munition, on the 3d & 4th of Dec'r last, to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Captain John McConkey £21 
10 7, for arms & accoutrements, &c, furnished his Comp'y of 
the County of Bucks, to be charged to Colonel Hart. 

Captain Bickham was directed to pay Capt. James Adams £112 
5 1, for Expences attending the March of his Co., from Cumber- 
land Co., to be charged to Congress. 

An order was drawn on John Maxwell Nesbitt, Esq'r, in favour 
of William Thompson, for £50, towards Manufacturing Powder 
for Congress, to be charged to his account. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Capt. James Purdy £117 17 
3, for subsistence of his Company of the 4th Batt'nof Cumberland 
County Militia, from Juniata to this City, to be charged to Con- 
gress. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 91 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Capt. Hedrick, 
200 Dollars, for recruiting service of the 11th Reg't of this State, 
to be charged to Col. Humpton. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. Henry Huber of the 5th 
Batt'n of Bucks County Militia £8 18, for Exp's of Drum and 
Fife, with wages of a Drill Sergeant, for instruction of his Com- 
pany. 

Captain Bickham was directed to pay the following Acco'ts, to 
be charged to Congress : 

To William Rush, for Men & Horses for Expresses since 
the 7th Dec'r, 
Peter Warner for Do., 

William Morris for Do., 

Peter Parris for Do., to Reading, 

Geo. Haas for Do., 

Lewis Fohrer for Do., 

Leonard Lasher for Do., 



Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Young £75 5, for Knap- 
sacks, Havre Sacks, Priming Wires &, Brushes, &c. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Captain Wm. Gray <£! 11, for 
Expences attending the bringing Prisoners from Chesnut Hill, to 
be charged to Congress. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Captain Francis 
Nichols, for 200 Dollars, for the recruiting service, to be charged to 
his acco't. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Geo. Losh £9 17 10, for 
subsistence of a Company of the 2nd Batt'n of Northampton County. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Capt. Fisher £1 12, for sub- 
sistence of his Company, of the 3d Battalion of Berks County. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay William Cook £3, for one Gun 
for his Company, of the '2nd Batt'n of North' d County, to be 
charged to the Colonel. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Thomas Carpenter £3 10 0, 
for 4 pair of Shoes, & James Teas for 3 pair of Shoes, £1 15 0, ■& 
John Cahey £1 10 0, for 1 Blanket. 



£27 


10 


13 


12 6 


11 





3 


15 


5 





7 


10 


17 


15 


£SQ 


2 6 



92 MINUTES OF THE 



In Council of Safety, January 16th, 1777. 

present : 
THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President. 
Joseph Dean, John Bull, 

Joseph Blewer, David Rittenhouse, 

John Hubley, James Cannon. 

Sam , l Morris, Sen'r, 
Au order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of John Hart, for 
£100 0, for the purpose of providing for Sick Soldiers, he to be 
accountable. 

Mr. Nesbitt 'was directed lo pay Arch'd McCall £120 0, for 
32 muskets delivered to Mr. Towers. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Emslie £4 3 2, for Shot 
Patterns, to be charged to James Old, & £17 8 8, for ditto, deliv- 
ered to Mr. Towers, to be charged to Congress. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Alex'r Huston £1 2 6, for 
a Blanket. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Captain John 
Nelson, of Colonel George Taylor's Battalion of Northampton County, 
for One hundred Pounds, to advance his Company a month's pay, 
to be charged to Peter Rhodes, Esq'r, he to be accountable to Mr. 
Rhodes. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt for 200 Dollars, in favor of 
Lieutenant John Stotsbury, for recruiting service for the 11th Reg't, 
to be charged to Col. Rich'd Humpton. 

Copy of an intercepted Letter, directed to Brigadier General Phil- 
emon Dickenson , at the American Gamp. 

" Receive no more Continental Money on your Bonds and Mort- 
gages. The British Troops having conquered the Jerseys, and your 
being in Camp, are sufficient reasons. Be sure you remember this. 
It will better for you." 

The above is a true copy of an intercepted Let'ter, w'h Letter Col. 
John Dickenson has acknowledged before the Council, to have been 
written by himself to his Brother the General.' 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 93 



In Council of Safety, January 17th, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Presid't. 

John Hubley, Joseph Blewer. 

Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, Wm. Moore, 

Owen Biddle, David Rittenhouse, 

Wm. Lyons, ■ John Bull, 

Joseph Deanj James Cannon. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Mr. Timothy 
Barret, for £20, for the use of poor Families of Capt. Wade's Com- 
pany, to be charged to his acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, favour of Jacob Shriner, 
for 100 Dollars, for the use of the poor families of Associators. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Matthias Young £3, for Paint- 
ing 2 Flat Bottom'd Boats. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, favour of Captain Blewer, 
for £200, he to be accountable. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, favour of Major- Williams, 
for 2,000 Dollars, for recruiting service, to be charged to his acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Samuel G-owdy £2, Adam Mey- 
ers £1 7, and Robert Dawson £2, for 3 Guns lost in Actual Ser- 
vice in Col. Watt's Batt'n at Forts Lee and Washington, to be 
charged to Congress; 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Col. Jacob 
Stroud, for 500 Dollars, for the]use of the 4th Batt'n of Northamp- 
ton County Militia, to be charged to acco't of Peter Rhoads, Esq'r, 
he to be accountable to Mr. Rhoads. 

Resolved, That Mr. Michael Hubley have the rank and pay of 
Captain, as Barrack Master of Lancaster County. 

Capt. Geo. Bickham was directed to pay Henry Klimer 15s for 
a Blanket, & William Porter £3 12 0, for 6 pair of Stockings. 

Mr. Robert Dallam, Paymaster to the Flying Camp, was re- 
quested to advance Captain Smyser Fifty pounds, to pay some of 
his men who have lately returned from their Captivity. 



94 MINUTES OF THE 



In Council of Safety. 

Philad, January 18th, 1777^ 

PRESENT : 

SAVl'L MORRIS, Sen'r, Chair'n. 

John Hubley, William Lyon, 

Joseph Blewer, Joseph Dean, 

John Bull, James Cannon. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Colonel Mel- 
cher, for 2,000 Dollars, to be charged to his acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Philip Wert ^65 10 0, for Hire 
of his Shallop, to assist in sinking Chevaux de Frize. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour Lieut. Robert 
Connoly, for 000 Dollars, for recruiting service for the fourth Pen' a 
Regiment, to be charged to Colonel L. Cadwalader. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Messrs. Wil- 
liam Chrispin, Samuel Taylor, William Allen, Job Harvey, & 
Peter Stretch, for the purpose of purchasing Blankets in Chester 
County, to be charged to their account. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Mr. Alex'r 
Hunter, Paymaster to the Northumberland County Militia, for one 
Hundred Dollars, to be charged to his acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay L't Col. Fred. Antes, of 3rd 
Batt'n of Philad'a County Militia", £43 10 0, for Drum, Drum 
major & Fife major wages, £43 10 0. 

Mr. Robert Towers, Commissary of Stores, was directed to deliver 
Mr. Johnson of Maryland Three Hundred Stand of Arms, and as 
many Cartouch Boxes as he may have occasion for, for the use of 
the Maryland Militia. 

Mr. Robert Towers was directed to deliver to Mr. Werts 35 
Stand of Arms, to keep Guard over the Hessian Prisoners at Lan- 
caster. 

Whereas, This Council is informed that many of the principal 
Associators of Col. Hunter's Battalion of Berks County, refuse to 
inarch, to join General Washington's array at this Important 
Crisis, when so glorious an opportunity offers of Crushing the 
enemy, and thereby have prevented and discouraged the rest, and 
proceeded even to dare them to enforce the resolves of this Council 
upon them ; therefore 

Resolved, That Colonel Hunter be directed forthwith to Collect 
all the well affected in his Battalion, and to seize upon the ring- 
leaders in this defection, and send them under guard to Philadel- 
phia, and that he do execute the Resolve; the resolve of this 
Council of the seventh of December last, upon all who refuse to 
march without favour or affection, and that they do Collect Blan- 
kets and other necessaries for the use of those who are to march, 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 95 

paying a reasonable price for the same ; and should any person re- 
fuse to deliver such necessaries as they can spare, the Colonel is 
directed to take and pay for the same. Those that turn out are to 
march the most direct road to Head Quarters. 

An order was drawn on Capt. Bickham, in favour of Colonel 
Stroud, £57 10, for mileage of three Companies marching to this 
City. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. James F. Moore £29 10 9, 
for Expences after deserters, &c, by order of Gren'l Washington. 

Resolved, That Doct'r Andrew Ledlie, (of Northampton County,) 
be appointed Surgeon to the 12th Pensylvania Reg't, Commanded 
by Colonel Wm. Cook. 



In Council of Safety. 

Philad'a., January 19th, 1777, 

PRESENT : 

DAVID RITTENHOUSE, V. P. 

Joseph Blewer, Wm. Lyon, 

John Bull, James Cannon, 

Joseph Dean, 

Jno. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, Treasurer, was directed to pay Col. Bar- 
tram Galbreath £146 17 0, for arms taken from non-associators, to 
be charged to his acco't. 



In Council of Safety, January 20th, 1777, 

PRESENT : 

THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President. 
Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, Chairm'n. 

John Bull, John Hubley, 

William Moore, Joseph. Blewer, 

Joseph Dean, Owen Biddle, 

Wm. Lyon, David Rittenhouse. 

An order was drawn on John M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, Treasurer, was 
directed to pay Messrs. Peter Dehaven & Co. ^500, to be charged 
to their acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Mr. Robert 
Erwin, for ^500, to be charged to his acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Col. Clement 
Biddle, for 5000 Dollars, to be charged to his acco't. 



96 MINUTES OF THE 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Capt. Geo. 
Bickham, for 2000 Dollars, to be charged to his acco't. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Robert Patton 1000 Dollars, 
for Cloathing, &ca., to be charged to his acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. H. Courtney 200 Dollars, 
for recruiting Service for artillery, to be charged to Major Proctor. 

Capt. Geo. Bickham was directed to pay the following ac- 
counts : 

James Bickham, £162 6 5£, for Swanskin, &ca. 

John Robertson, 20 10 G, for Blankets. 

James Willson, 1 10 0, for a Blanket. 

Sam'l Weer, 1 15 0, for a Do. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Britton ,£50 11 4, for 
Boards, &ca. for use of Magazine, to be charged to Congress. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Robert Bailey 
for £25, for the use of the families of poor associators in Capt. 
McElwain's Company of the 3d Batt'n, to be charged to his acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Capt. John 
Hazlewood, for 800 Dollars, being the Bounty Money for 80 men. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. Larnoe £15 12, for 26 
Cartouch Boxes and Bayonet Belts @ 13s, to be charged to the 
Coin. Bucks County Militia. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, favor of Captain Bowen, for 
1000 Dollars, for the recruiting Service of the 9th Reg't, te be 
charg'd to Col'l Nagle. 

Resolved, That Colonel Dean and Colonel Bull be appointed to 
attend the Treaty to be held with the Indians at Easton, on Mon- 
day next, on behalf of this Council j when, they are to advise 
and concur with the Committee of Assembly and Congress, in all 
such measures as they shall think proper, to preserve peace and 
harmony with the Indian Nations. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Win. Lyon, 
Esq'r, for 500 Dollars, to be charg'd to his Acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Mary Wirt, the 
wife of Lieut. Geo. Wirt, of Col. Miles' Batt'n, £30, in part of his 
pay, and to be charg'd to his acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, favour of Col'l Bartram Gal- 
braith, for £310, to be charg'd to Mr. Will'm Attlee, Chairman of 
the Committee of Lancaster, to whom he is accountable for the 
same. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Capt. Dan'l Carpenter *£19 
12, for retain'd Rations for 1 Capt. and 10 men, f'm the 10th 
Dec'r last. 

Capt. Bickham was directed # to pay Sarah Jollie -£5, for 2 Blank- 
ets, sold the 15th Ins't. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY, 97 



In Council of Safety. 



Philadelphia, January 21st, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

THOMAS WHARTON, Jun'r. President. 

Joseph Dean, John Hubiey, 

Joseph Blewer, William Lyon, 

John Bull, David Rittenhouse, 

William Moore, Saml. Morris, Sen'r, 

Geo. Gray, Owen Biddle. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Messrs. Jo- 
giah Hewes, for £100, to be charged to their Account. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Thomas Casdorp £35 12 5, for 
expences of the Guards in bringing up money from Baltimore, to 
be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Thos. Casdorp £8 15, for his expences to 
Morristown and back again, seven days, @ 25s, to be charged to 
Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Robert Saunderson £149 13 ? 
for Arms taken from Tories in New Jersey by Maj'r Hubiey & Ma- 
jor Mifflin, & delivered to Mr. Towers. Also £78, for 3 Horses 
delivered to John Morris, Esq'r, Q. M, taken from Tories -in Jer- 
sey, & taken into public service, to be charged to Mr. Morris. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Col. Wm. Cook & 6 Officers of 
his Reg't, vizt : Capts. John Harris, Henry McKinley, Hawkins 
Boon, John Brady, Lieutenants Stephen Chambers, Robert King, 
for extraordinary expences for recruiting, &ca, Amounting to £368 
3 10, to be charged to Congress. 

Colonel Ephraim Blain, of the 1st Battalion Cumberland County 
Militia, is directed to hold an Election for Field Officers in the said 
Battalion, if two-Thirds of the Battalion, now marched and march- 
ing to Camp, require the same. That the Colonel be furnished 
with Blank Commissions to fill them, according to such directions. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Col. Bartraim Galbraith £66 2 
3, for Arms delivered to Mr. Towers. 

Capt. Geo. Bickham was directed to pay Capt. Joseph Martin 
for Subsistance of his Company from Cumberland County to this 
City, £1.05 1 3, to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Colonel Bartram G-al breath £34 
10 6, for Blankets, lost by his Batt'n in Actual Service at Trenton 
and Frincetown, to be charged to Congress. 

Mr, Nesbitt was directed to pay Col. Galbreatl^£19 14 1, for 
Bxp'ja of his Batt'n in Calling out, &c, to be charg'd to Congress. 

Captain Bickham was directed to pay Capt. Thos. Beale £72 17, 
for subsistence of his Comp'y of Col. Watts' Batt'n of Cumberland 

VOL. XI.— 7, 



98 MINUTES OF THE 

County Militia, to be charg'd to Congress ; likewise £12 7 for 
Ferriage. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of John Cox, 
Esq'r, for £500, on acco't of Shott cast for this State, to be charged 
to his acco't. 

John M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, Treasurer, was directed to pay Robert 
Smith £20 0, for the purpose of providing poor families of Col- 
onel Savage's Battalion of Rockhill Township, Bucks County, to be 
charg'd to him. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in fav'r of Captain William 
Gray, for five Hundred Dollars, for recruiting service, to be charged 
to his account. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Alexander Ben- 
stead, Paymaster, for the 10th Reg't, for 2000 Dollars, for recruiting 
service, to be charg'd to Col. Penrose. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Mr. Tho's. 
Savadge, for £500, to be charg'd to his Acco't. 

Capt. Geo. Bickham was directed to pay And'w Wimmore £12 
17 6, for expences of Horses for Expresses, to be charged to Con- 
gress. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Capt. Howell £8 3 10, for 
his expences as an Express to Head Quarters, charge to Congress. 

Resolved } That Mr. Thomas Payne be appointed Secretary to the 
Commissioners for the Indian Treaty to be held at Easton on Mon- 
day next. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Wilson £2 10, for attend- 
ance and distributing advertisements since 20th ult., to be charg'd 
to Congress. 

Captain Bickham was directed to pay Major John Boggs £5 4, 
for subsisting while assisting to raise the Batt'n of Cumberland 
County Militia, to be charged to Congress. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Capt. Sam'l Davidson £92 4 
10, for retain'd Rations of his Company. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Capt. Matthias Selers £77 
2 4, for subsistence of his Co. of the 1st Batt'n Cumb. Co. Militia, 
to be charg'd to Congress. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Capt. Wm. Mitchell, of the 
5th Batt'n York County Militia £30 1 6, for subsistence of his 
Comp'y, to be charg'd to Congress. 

Resolved, That the following Persons be appointed in the Penn- 
sylvania Reg't, now under the Command of Major Williams : 

Jas. Carnaghan, 1st Lieutenant, October 24th, 1776, No. 8. 

Thomas Johnston, Do , Jan'ry 21st, 1777. 

Joseph Brownlee, 2nd Do., October 24th, 1776, 7. 

Luke Broadhead, Do., October 24th, 1776, 8. 

James Whitehead, do., January 21st, 1777. 

James Wiley, Ensign, January 21, 1777. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 99 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Machan £1 10, for a 
Blanket lost in actual Service and apprais'd, to be charg'd to Con- 
gress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Alex'r Rannax, of Capt. Cul- 
'bertson's Comp'y, £3 15, for a double Blanket lost in actual Ser- 
vice, to be charged to Congress. 



In Council of Safety. 

Philadelphia, January 22nd, 1777 



PRESENT *. 




THOMAS WHARTON, Jun'r, President. 


Joseph Blewer, 


John Hubley, 


Joseph Dean, 


William Lyon, 


William Moore, 


Geo. Gray, 


John Bull, 


John Bayard. 


Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, 




Jno. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, was directed to pay the following Ac 


counts : 




To Capt. De Turick, £1 3 6, for Subsistence of his Company las 




Summer. 


Capt. Mouser, 12 11 7, for 


do. 


Capt. Shaffer, 13 4, for 


do. 


Capt. Soder, 2 2 8, for 


do. 


Capt. Will, 1 18 8, for 


do. 


Capt. Old, 2 4 for 


do. 


Capt. Mouser, 9 4, for 


do. 


Capt. Mouser, 3 14 6, for 


do. 


Capt. Moyer, 1 13 4, for 


do. 



Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Alex'r Tod, £722 8, for Sundry 
Goods deliver'd the artillery and Naval Armaments of this State, 
to be charg'd to the respective Captains. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, favour of Major Williams, 
for 1000 Dollars, for the recruiting Service, to be charged to his 
Acco't, 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay to Capt. Turbett £'207 18, 
for retained Rations of his Company of Col. Watts' Batt'n of Cum- 
berland County Militia, charge to Congress. 

To Col. Watts £32 7, for Rations due the Field and Staff officers 
of his Batt'n, to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Mr. Robert Towers] £136 
5 0, for workmen's wages in the Elaboratory, making mus- 
ket Cartridges, arms purchased, &ca., £120 15 0, to be charged to 
Congress, & £15 10 0, for his wages from 19th December to Jan- 
uary 19th, 31 days, to be charged to this State. 



100 MINUTES OF THE 

Resolved, That Richard Dellam, Esq'r, Paymaster of the Flying 
Camp, be requested to pay the accounts of Subsistence of the Com- 
panies of the Flying Camp, before their march, at the rate of ten 
Shillings ^ week, and a Dollar ^ man for enlisting, and to keep 
a seperate account of all such, that this board may be enabled 
hereafter to settle the same with Congress. 

Mr. Towers, the Commissary of Stores, was directed to deliver 
to Capt. James Crouch of the 4th Batt'n of Lancaster County Mili- 
tia, the following Articles, to be charged to Major C. Cox of s'd 
Batt'n : 

34 Guns. 

35 Cartouch Boxes. 
15 Canteens. 

6 Knapsacks. 

Resolved, That Col. Melcher, Barrack Master General, be direc- 
ted to Quarter the Militia upon the Non-Associators in this City 
and Liberties, and on all Associators who have not served in this 
Winter's Campaign, the Council particularly recommend to him in 
Quartering them, to proportion the number to the size of the 
Mouses and convenience of the Families. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Stewart Duncan £3 5 0, for 
wood for Ship Montgomery. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Christian Leary £12 12, for 
Boarding of men in March and April last, of Col. Miles' Batt'n. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. John Read £$ 17 6, for 
axpences in bringing wood from fort Island. 

An address of the Convention of the State of New York, to 
their Constituents, being transmitted to the Board by Congress, 
with a request to get the same translated into the German Lan- 
guage and have a sufficient number printed, 

Resolved, That Major John Hubley have the said address Trans- 
lated, and get 1500 Copies Struck off in the German Language, 
und 1000 Copies in English. 

Resolved, That the Committee for taking care of the Sick Sol- 
diers who have arrived in this City be, and they are hereby autho- 
rized and fully empowered to take into their Possession all the 
Arms of the aforesaid sick, also all the Arms of those who iiave 
died in this City ; all persons who shall be found secreting any 
Arms of the Soldiers aforesaid, or of those who have died in their 
Houses, will be severely dealt with by this Board. 

Capt. Bickham was directed^to pay John Hufty £\, for fireing 
and lodging 3 Companies of the Berks County Militia* to be charged 
to Congress 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 301 

In Council of Safety. 

Philadelphia, January 23rd, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, Pres't. 

William Moore, Peter Rhoads, 

Joseph Dean, William Lyon, 

John Hubley, John Bull. 

Joseph Blewer, 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Capt. Biekham, 
for 2000 Dollars, to be charged to his Acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Col. John Old, 
125 Dollars, for a Month's Wages for one Col. & one Major, to be 
charged to Mr. Adam Whitman, in Reading, he to be accountable 
to Mr. Whitman. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Sam'l Oliver £4 2 6, for dieting 
men of Col. Miles' Battalion, in May last. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favor of Mr. William 
Coates, for £200, for Providing for sick soldiers in the Northern 
Liberties, to be charged to his Acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Major Lewis 
Nicola, for £100, for the use of the City Guard, to be charged to 
his acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Ensign Lawrence Oats, of Capt. 
Mitchel's Comp'y of 5th Batt'n York County Militia, Seven pounds 
& ten Shillings, for a Month's wages, he having turned into the 
ranks, as there was a greater number of Officers than men; to fee 
charged to Jos Donaldson, Esq'r, York Town, Mr. Oats to be ac- 
countable to Mr. Donaldson. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay the following accounts, to be 
charged to Col. Potter, of Northumberland County : 
One acco't for Blankets bo't of Sundry Persons, £21 8 

One do. for a Gun, Blanket, &c, bo't of Simon Hem- 
rod, - - - - 5 2 
One do. for a Gun bo't of Buchanan Smith, - - 4 
One do. for a Gun bo't of Wm. Blue, - - 4 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John White, of Capt. McKee's 
Comp'y, £2, for a Quilt lost in actual service, to be charged to Con- 



Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. Sam'l Davidson £4, for 3 
Blankets, for the use of his Comp'y, to be charg'd to Col. Smith, 
of the Bedford County Militia. 



102 MINUTES OF THE 



In Council of Safety. 

Philadelphia, January 24th, 1777 

present : 
THOMAS WHARTON, Jun'r, Pres't. 

John Bull, Jonathan B. Smith, 

Joseph Dean, Andrew Caldwell, 

Joseph Blewer, Peter Rhoads, 

William Lyon, Samuel C. Morris, 

Frederick Kuhl, John Hubley. 

Timothy Matlack, 

Whereas several of the Militia, after receiving advance Pay, 
and drawing Rations, have basely deserted their Officers, and re- 
turned home, without rendering their Country the least Service, but 
on the Contrary, their ill example will probably produce the most 
fatal consequences in the Army, unless such delinquents are speed- 
ily punished ; Therefore, 

Resolved, That the six weeks for which the militia of the State 
are now called forth to serve in defence of their Country, are to 
Commence at and shall be accountable from the time they arrive at 
Head Quarters; And that such of the Militia as leave their Officers 
befoie their time of service is expired, unless they are regularly 
discharged, shall be advertised as Deserters, and carried back to the 
army, there to remain until properly discharged by the Command- 
ing Officer, and this Board will defray all reasonable expences that 
may attend securing such Deserters. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Wm. Lyon, 
Esq'r, for 1400 Dollars, he to be accountable. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Rob't Irwin, or order, .£500, he to be ac- 
countable. 

Captain Bickham was directed to pay Major Geo. Stewart a641 
2 2, for Subsistence of part of the 5th Batt'n of Lancaster Co. 
militia, for 4 weeks & 4 days, being order'd back to Lancaster to 
bring the rest of the Batt'n, to be charg'd to Congress. 

Mr. "Nesbitt was directed to pay Geo. Stewart, Major of the 5th 
Batt'n of Lancaster County militia, £1% 17 6, for Pay Roll of part 
of said Batt'n sent back from Phila. to bring the rest, to be charged 
to Wm. Atlee, Esq'r, to whom Major Stewart is to be accountable. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 10& 

In Council of Safety. 

Philadelphia, January 25th, 1777- 

present : 
DAVID KITTENHOUSE, V. P. 

Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, Chair'n. 

Joseph Blewer, Wm. Moore, 

John Bull, John Hubley, 

Frederick Kuhl, Peter Koads, 

Jonathan Bayard Smith, Sam'l C. Morris. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Geo. Mitchell £3 7 6, for 1 
Pair of Blankets, taken by Lieut. A ndrew Boyd for the use of his 
Oorap'y of the 4th Batt'n Cumberland County militia. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Capt. Benj'n 
Eyre, for Two Hundred Pounds, to be charged to his Account. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Nicholson £1 10 0, for a 
Blanket left at Princetown. 

Capt. G-eo. Bickham was directed to pay the following acco'ts, to 
be charged to Congress : 

Fred. Wier, £11 5 0, for riding Express to Lancaster, & £26 5 
0, for 21 days' Hire of himself & Horse stationed at Trenton, in 
order to convey Intelligence from Head Quarters. 

G-eorge Gentner, £36 5 0, for 21 day Hire of himself & Horse 
stationed at Frankfort, & 10 days' riding Express to other places, & 
attending with a Horse. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Jeremiah Holden £21, for Pilot- 
age of the Galley Convention to the Capes and back, to be charged 
to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. Joseph Blewer £100, to be 
charged to his acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Major James Smith, for arm3 k 
Accoutrements taken as Plunder by a P&rty of Rangers under his 
Command in New Jersey, £61 0. 



10* MINUTES OF THE 



In Council of Safety, January 27th, 177?". 

PRESENT : 

THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President. 
David Ritteniiouse, V. P. 

Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, Sam'l 0. Morris, 

Andrew Caldwell, Wi. Lyon, 

Joseph Blewer, Wm. Moore, 

Peter Rhoads, Jno. Hubley. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Peter Dehaven 
& Co., for £500, to be charg'd to their acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Lieut. Colonel 

John Morris, for 4000 Dollars, to be charg'd to Col. Clem't Riddle. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of David Pancoast, 

for 500 Dollars, for purchasing Timber for Gun Carriages, to be 

charged to his acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Sarn'l Cooper ^3, for diet & 
Lodging of men, and services done at making a Bridge over Pen- 
sawkin, to be charg'd to Congress. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Capt. Jas. Agoew £Q0 16 4, 
for Subsistence of his Comp'y of the 2nd Batt'n of York Co., to be 
charged to Congress. 

An order was drawn on Mr, Nesbitt, in favour of Wm. Masters, 
Esq'r, 1500 Dollars, for the purpose of paying the militia Artillery 
Companies, he to be accountable. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. Nelson 16s, for Expences 
of escorting 13 Hessian Prisoners from Newtown, to be charg'd to 
Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. Mercer of the 5th Batt'n 
Lancaster County Militia, commanded by Colo. Crawford, £38 15, 
for Blankets taken & apprais'd for the use of said Batt'n to be 
charg'd to Colo. Crawford. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Wm. Lyon, 
Esq'r, for 500 Dollars, to be charged to his acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Mr. Joseph 
Davis for £10, on acco't of wages due him as Eusign in Col. At- 
lee's Batt'n, to be charged to him. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Lieut. Conelly 
for 500 Dollars, for recruiting service for 4 Pcu'a Reg't, to be 
charged to Col. Cadwalader. 

Captain Bickham was directed to pay George Hoas -£72 10, for 
29 Pair Breeches. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Captain Farmer £14 2, for Ball'e 
of his acco't for bringing the Hessian Prisoners to Baltimore, to be 
charged to Congress. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 105 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Quicksall £10 0, for 
Freight of 100 Barrels of Beef to Newport, belonging to this 
State, delivered to Mr. Benja. Hogeland. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Jno. Congler £3 6 6, for saw- 
ing at piling 9? Cords of wood. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Hugh Frazier £23 19 3, for 
Blanketing Bought of him by Colo. Watts, for the use of his 
Batt'n, to be charged to Colo. Watts. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay to Captain Furrey £50 0, 
andtoCapt. Hederick £83 16 0, for subsistance money of their 
two Companies^ belonging to the 3rd Battalion (of Militia) of 
Berks County, to be charged to Congress. ' 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Edward Stroud £44 15, for 
his pay as an Express, to be charged to Congress. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay G-eo. Spangler £52 7 6, for 
his pay as an Express, to be charged to Congress. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay to John Bray £6 5, for 
Horse Hire, to be charg'd to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Benjamin Davis £9 2 3, for 
Drums, &ca., for AtleeYBattalion. &c. 

Mr. Towers was directed to Deliver Capt. Mercer, of the 5th 
Batt'n Lancaster County Militia, commanded by Colo. Crawford, 
7 Guns with Bayonets, 12 Cartouch Boxes & 10 Canteens. 



In Council of Safety. 

Philadelphia, January 28th, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

THOMAS WHARTON, Jun'r, Pres't. 
David Rittenhoxjse, V. P. 

John Hubley, John Bayard, 

William Lyon, Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, 

William Moore, Andrew Caldwell, 

Joseph Blewer, Peter Rhoads. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Coffman £3 2 7, for ex- 
pences attending sick Soldiers from Canada, to be charg'd to Con- 
gress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. John Harris £4 10, and 
Lieut. Stephen Chambers £4 10, for 2 Guns appraised by Robt. 
Towers, to be charged to Congress. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Rich'd Dellam, 
Esq'r, Paymaster General of the Flying Camp, for 6000 Dollars, 
he to be accountable. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Sherman and Lewis £67 18 6, for 2717 
Bottoms for round shott, deliver'd Mr. Jos. Stiles at the Elaboratory, 
to be charged to Congress. 



106 MINUTES OF THE 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Nicholas Hess £76 11 1$, for Iron work 
done the Philadelphia Barracks, to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Ann Preston £4 4 6, for nur- 
sing, attendance, and funeral Expences of Jon'n Jones, a Sergeant in 
Capt. Adam Grosher's Company of Maryland Flying Camp, to be 
charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay the wife of Peter Clarke 14 
Dollars, being 1 month's pay as Gunner on board the Vulture 
armed Boat Capt. Hance, he being discharged as not fit for duty. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. James Mercer of the 5th 
Battalion of Lancaster County, Commanded by Col'l James Craw- 
ford, £52 15 0, being a month's pay for, his Company, to be 
charged to William Atlee of Lancaster, he to be accountable to Mr. 
Atlee. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Capt. Wm. 
Scull for one thousand Dollars, for recruiting service for 11th 
Penn'a Reg't, to be charged to Col. Richard Humpton. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Jacob Winey £15 0, for 
a Medicine chest bo't by Doct. Jennings for the use of the 11th 
Penn'a Reg't, to be charged to Congress. 

Capt. Geo. Bickham was directed to pay Capt. James Mercer 
£7 8 9, for subsistance for his Company of 5th Batt'n Lancaster 
County militia, to be charged to Congress. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Colonel John Allison 
=£19 3 4, for mileage and subsistence of the Field and Staff Offi- 
cers of his Batt'n, to be charg'd to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Robt. Towers £160 8 6, for 
Ball'e of his acco't of Expences in making Cartridges, men's wages 
in the Elaboratory, and arms purchas'd by him, to be charg'd to 
Congress. 

Capt. Geo. May, A. May, Jon'o Weib, & Jon'n Weib, Officers 
of the late Flying Camp, being brought before this Board & charg'd 
with having left the Army before y'e 1st Jan'ry, inst, the day on 
w'h the term of the s'd Camp expired, & y't the s'd Capt. G. May 
had drawn pay for his Co. & p'd them in full, notwithstanding 
his Co. had quitted the service without complying w'th the terms 
on w'h they had rec'd a Bounty f'm this State, w'h charges the s'd 
Geo. May, &c, have severally confessed, protesting their Ignorance 
of their Duty. 

Resolved, That the s'd Capt. May refund the sum of twenty 
shillings for each of his Men, as a third part of the Bounty Money 
they had rec'd ; and that the said Geo. May, and A. May, &c, pay the 
expences that have accrued in bringing them before this Board, and 
be dissmissed, on being reprimanded for their conduct. 

Resolved, That Sam'l Morris, Joseph Blewer, and And'w Cald- 
well, be a Committee to Visit the State Prisoners in the New Jail, 
enquire & understand the cause of their Commitment, how long 
they have been confined, & to release such as in their discretion 
they shall judge ought to be released. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 107 



In Council of Safety, 

Philadelphia, January 29th, 1777. 
, present : 

THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President. 
William Moore, Sam'l C. Morris, 

William Lyon, Peter Rhoads, 

Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, Andrew Caldwell, 

Joseph Blewer, David Rittenhouse, V. P. 

John Hubley, 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay D'l Dawson £ll 3 6, for 74! lb 
Stove Pipe, at 3s, bought of him by Thomas Savadge, to be charg'd 
to Salt Works. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Capt. Bick- 
kam, for 3000 dollars, to be charged to his acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Thomas Davis £112 18 2 J, be- 
ing the Ball'e of his acco't for Building Chevaux de Frize, &c. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Col. John Allison £15 15 0, 
for Exp's attending the Instruction of his Batt'n of Cumberland 
Co. Militia. 

Mr. Rob't Irwin was directed to pay Hugh McCormick £20 5, 
for his pay as Waggon Master, from the 26th ult'o until the 
22 last, a 1 5s, to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Huddell £28 4, for Ex- 
pences attending the Building of the Galley Convention. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Mich'l Boyer £30, for his 
Wages as an Express, to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Gen'l Roberdeau £5, for a Fu- 
zee and Bayonet, deliv'd Rob't Towers last June. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Colmore Beans £11 5, for his 
attendance in the Continental Hospital from the 6th Dec'r to the 
6th Jan'ry, a 7s 6, to be charged to Congress ; And to pay Dan'l 
Dougherty £11 5, for his attendance in the Continental Hospital 
from the 6th Dec'r to the 6th Jan'ry, a 7s 6, to be charg'd to Con- 
gress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay the Field Officers of the 2nd 
Batt'n of Bedford County, £207 12 6, for arms and Blankets, 
purchas'd by s'd Field Officers for the use of their Batt'n, to be 
charged to Col. Smith. 

* Mr. Nesbitt to pay Jos. Finaver £18 3 4, for 1096 Straps, de- 
livered into the Elaboratory, to be charged to Congress. 
;~'Mr. Nesbitt to pay Jos. Finaver £30 18 9, for Tubes and Straps, 
deliver' d Benj'n Loxley at the Elaboratory. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. Byers £13, for 1 month's 
pay of 5 men join'd his 'Co, of the 5th Batt'n of Lancaster Co. 
Militia, said Capt. Byers to be accountable to Mr. Wm. Attlee. 



108 MINUTES OF THE 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay the Committee of Bedford County £19, for 
Expences of said Committee, to be charg'd to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt to pay Col. Thomas Smith £4=2, for arms taken & 
apprais'd in Bedford County, from Non-associators in the District 
of the first Batt'n of s'd County, to be charg'd to Colonel Wood. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. Bickham ^2000, to be 
charged to his account. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Moses Myers £1950 13 6, 
for Cloths and Ticklinburgs, bought of Isaac Moses. 

Rob't Irwin, Esq'r, was directed to pay Rich'd Deamond £45 15, 
for Service done as Waggon Master, f'n 30th Nov'r last, a 15s. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Capt. Wm. 
Gray, for 200 Dollars, for the recruiting Service, he to be account- 
able. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Capt. James 
Parr, of the 1st Pennsylvania Regiment, commanded by Colonel 
Hand, 200 Dollars, for the recruiting Service, to be charged to his 
acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of William Lyon ; 
Escj'r, for 500 Dollars, to be charged to his acco't. 



In Council of Safety. 

Philad'a, January 30th, 1777. 

present : 

THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r. President. 
David Rittenhouse, V. P. 

Wm. Moore, Jno. Hubley, 

Joseph Blewer, Sam'l C. Morris, 

Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, Wm. Lyon, 

Andrew Caldwell, John Bayard. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Wm. Roberts £93 8, for mak- 
ing amunition Boxes, &ca., to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Colonel Humpton Two Thous- 
and Dollars, for recruiting service. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Jos. Finaver £18 3 4, for Tin 
Strops delivered into the Elaboratory. Also, £30 18 9, for Tin 
Tubes, &ca., delivered to Maj'r Loxley, to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Lewis Grant £1 15 0, for Gun 
Ladles for the Fort. 

An order was sent to Hayman Levy, to make up an assortment ot 
articles fit for a Treaty with 70 Indians, (exclusive of women & 
children,) he accordingly pack'd up the following Goods, for which 
a receipt was given by the Secretary : — 9,600 White Wampum, 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 109 

20,500 Black Wampum, 30 Moons & 30 Hair Pipes of Conk Shell, 
6 Pair arm Bands, 12 Gordiots, 100 Broaches, 37 Pair Ear Bobs, 
all of Silver, which w'th 15 Camp Kettles, were this day forwarded 
to Cols. Bull & Dean, Commissioners on the part of this Council, 
at Easton. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of David Jackson, 
for 2,500 Dollars, for the payment of the 2nd Batt'n of Phil's 
Militia. ' 

Resolved, That the Officers of the Troops raised in this State for 
the Continental service, who are now prisoners with the Enemy, 
shall retain their rank according to their several Commissions, and 
be entitled to pay and Rations the same as if they were in actual, 
service, and when exchanged, to be provided for. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Tho's Burrees £1 0, for hawl- 
log plank, &ca., to penawkin Creek Bridge, to be charged to Congress, 



In Council of Safety. 

Philad'a, January 31st, 1777, 

PRESENT : 

THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, Pres't. 

John Hubley, David Hit ten house, 

Joseph Blewer, Wm. Lyon, 

Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, Sam/1 C. Morris. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Adam Louderslayer £1 10, for 
2 Week's board and lodging of Lamv't Talbert, of Capt. Hindman's 
Oomp'y of Maryland, who fell sick' on the road going towards Camp, 
to be charg'd to Congress. 

Capt. Geo. Bickham to pay Capt. Stephen Balliet £± 2 2, being 
so much not carried out in acco't for expences apprehending disaf- 
fected persons in Northampton County, to be charged to Wm . 
Thomas, Philip Moses & others. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Arthur Donaldson £32 3 11| ? 
for Expences attending the raising Chevaux de Erize. 

Capt, Bickham was directed to pay Thomas Adams* £6, for at- 
tendance on the Council and making out a Duplicate for South 
Ward, to be charged to Congress. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay John White 15s for a Blan- 
ket, Bav'd Montgomery £3 15, and John Bray .61 12 6, for 4 
Blankets. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Wheeler and Wiley £17 1 6 P 
for Iron work done the Piers on Fort Island. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Capt. Geo. Matthews £2 17 ? 
for subsistence of his Company, of Col. Ja's Armstrong's Batt'a of 
Cumberland Co. Militia, 



110 MINUTES OF THE 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Lieut. Colonel 
Geo. Nagle, 2,000 Dollars, for the recruiting service of the 9th Penn- 
sylvania Reg't, to be charged to his acco't 

Resolved, That James Hunter be appointed Paymaster to the 
fourth Pennsylvania Regiment, commanded by Colonel Lambert 
Cadwalader, and his Com'n was delivered to Col. Cadwalader, dated 
this day. 

Captain Bickham was directed to pay the following accounts of 
Subsistence Money, for the 5th Batt'n of Cumberland County Mili- 
tia, to be charged to Congress, vizt : 
Capt. Cha's Maclay, £20 4, being for 7 days of his Company. 

" Samuel Patton, 20 4, for 9 days. 
Lieut. John Rea, 18 14, for 11 days. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Major Latcha 
for one month's pay of 2 Companies of Col. Tim'y Green's Batt'n 
of Lancaster County, viz : Captains Ropenhever & Stoner — 2 Cap- 
tains, 3 Lieut'nants, 5 Serjeants, 4 Drummers & Fifers, 44 Pri- 
vates. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. Jos. Moulder d617 5 () ? 
for expences of Medecines & attendance on two men of his Com- 
pany, wounded at the engagement at Princetown. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Lee i221 5 0, for arms & 
accoutrements delivered to Col. Hunter of Northumberland County, 
to be charged to the Colonel. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Col. Porter of Lancaster County 
£50 4 9, for milage of 3 Companies of his Battalion marching to 
this City in August last. 

An order was drawn on Mr Nesbitt, in favour of Lieut. Colonel 
Arch'd Lockry of Col. John Proctor's Battalion of Westmoreland 
Militia, for four Hundred pounds, for advanced money and subsis- 
tance for said Battalion now on their march to Head Quarters, to 
be by him paid to Colonel Proctor, to be charged to John Moore, 
Esq'r, to whom Col. Proctor is to be accountable. 

Resolved, That Enoch Wright be appointed adjutant to the 
Tenth Pennsylvania Regiment, Commanded by Colonel Jos. Pen- 
rose. 

• Resolved, That Doct'r Dunlap be allowed Two Shillings and six 
pence ^ day,4n addition to his former pay, in Consequence of his 
being to keep a Horse to transact his Business. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. Ill 



In Council of Safety, February 1st, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, John Hubley, 

Wm. Moore, Sam'l C. Morris, 

Joseph Blewer, Wm. Lyon. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Mr. Peter Dehaven £11 5 0, 
for 2 muskets delivered to Mr. Towers. 

Mr. Dehaven was directed to order one Ton of Powder, now 
Under the care of a Mr. Todd, near the white Horse, belonging to 
this State, to Lancaster. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Mr. Peter Dehaven £36 15 0, 
for 3 months' Superintendance of the Gunlock Factory, ending 20 
January, & Horse hire for one month, & Mr. James Carter £29 5 0, 
for 3 month's Superintending said factory, ending 20th January. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Isaac Powell £6 0, for a nest 
of Drawers. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Simon Murray & Co. £27 5 8, 
for Tin Tubes & Straps for Elaboratory, delivered. 

Captain Bickham was directed to pay John Stille £27 10 6, for 
making 106 Jackets with sleeves, thread & Buttons. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Capt. Wm. Thompson 
£27 9, for subsistence of a detatchment of his Company of the 
5th Batt'n of Cumberland County Militia. 



In Council of Safety, February 3rd, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

SAM'L MORRIS, Sen'r, Chair'n. 

John Bayard, Sam'l C. Morris, ' 

John Hubley, Wm. Lyon, 

Jas. Blewer, Geo. Gray. 

Wm. Moore, 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. Alex'r Boyd £3 10 0, 
for horse hire & traveling Expences going to Schrewsberry to 
get intelligence of the enemys' movements in November last, 
(charged to Congress.) 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Boggs £5 10, for a Rifie 
Gun for the use of the 5th Batt'n of. Cumberland County Militia, to 
be charg'd to Col'l Armstrong. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Doct'r Jas. Dunlap £53 13 10, 
for Sundries for the Fleet, &c. 



112 MINUTES OF THE 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Dorington Wilson £8 IS, 
for 7 Blankets. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Colonel Mel* 
cher, 1,000 Dollars, he to be accountable. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Jacob Myers £21 12, for Black- 
smith's Work done at the Shop under his direction. 

A Commission was this day delivered to Col. Gurney for Mr, 
Henry Stites, as Quarter Master of the 11th Pennsylva'a Reg't. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Major William £86 17 6, for 
his pay since Oct'r last, £43 15 of w'h to be charg'd to Congress, 
& £43 2 6 to this State. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Colonel Omas Mackay £1993 
14 6, for arms for the use of his Regiment. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Abram Mason £26 10, for 
work done in the Elaboratory, to be charged to Congress. 

Resolved, That as several matters of Business and accounts came 
before the Council on Saturday, the first Instant, w'h appeared 
necessary to be passed, but as during the whole day a Quorum of 
Council did not appear at the Board j The Board having at this 
time taken the same into consideration, do approve of the said seve- 
ral matters and accounts, and now ratify the same. 

Resolved, That John Seley be appointed an Ensign in the 12th 
Pveg't, commanded by Colonel Wm. Cook. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Geo. Esterly £8 8 6, for Iron 
work done the Galley Convention. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Thomas Nevil £200, to be 
charged to his acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Robert Lumsden £29 10, for 
Wood taken from him by force by the Militia, and sworn to before 
James Young, Esq'r, to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Robert Jewel £219 19 9, for 
Diet of sundry Prisoners, £216 1 2 of w'h to be charg'd to Con- 
gress, and £3 18 7 to this State, for Major Proctor's men. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Capt. Benj. 
Bird, for 1,000 Dollars, for the recruiting service of Colonel Lamb't 
Cadwallader's Regiment, to be charg'd to Congress. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Lieut. Wm. 
Henderson, for 500 Dollars, for the recruiting service of the 4th 
Pennsylvania Reg't, to be charged to 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay James Guy £3, for 3 Trips of 
a Cart and 3 horses, with Provisions for the Arnold Floating Bat- 
tery. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Capt. Jeremiah 
Tolbert, 250 Dollars, for the recruiting service, to be charged to 
Colonel Irwin of the 7th Reg't. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 113 



In Council of Safety. 

Philadelphia, February 4th, 1777. 
present : 
THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President. 
Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, William Lyon, 

Joseph Blewer, Geo. Gray, 

John Hubley, David Rittenhouse. 

William Moore, 

Captain Bickham was directed to pay Robt. Elder £4 5, for 3 
Blankets, and Gillespie £1, for 1 Blanket. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Capt. William Chambers 
£49 10 0, for subsistance of his Company of 1st Batt'n Cum- 
berland County, to be charged to Congress. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Capt. Steels for subsistance 
of his Company of 1st Batt'n Cumberland County, £63 0, to be 
charged to Congress. 

John M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, was directed to pay John Mitchell, 
Esq'r, Fifteen Hundred Pounds, & charge the same to his acco't. 

Mr. Robert Towers was directed to deliver to the Hon'ble Ma- 
rine Committee of Congress, so much copper as may be necessary 
to make a Kettle for the Delaware Frigate, to be charged to Con- 
gress. 

; -"Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Mr. Robert Towers £223 18 
10, for men's wages in working in the Elaboratory, making mus- 
ket Cartridges, arms Purchased, &ca., to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Peter Steel, the Ball'e of his 
Acco't for Iron Work done the Delaware Galley. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Paine Newman £37 3 10, for 
Nails deliver'd Capt'n Rice and William. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Major James Dill £3 16 4, for 
subsistence of Col. Math'w Dill's 5th Batt'n of York Co. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Catharine Graff £13 6 2, for 
subsistence of part of the 5th Batt'n of York Co. Militia. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in fav'r of Cap'n Francis 
Nichols, for Five Hundred Dollars, for recruiting service, to be 
charged to his acco't. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Col. Joseph Armstrong £18 
0, for Expences for Bringing out his Battaljon, to be charged to 
Congress. 

Resolved, That Messrs. William Moore, George Gray & Sam'l 

Morris, Sen'r, or any two of them be appointed to examine and 

settle the acco't of Capt. George Bickham, for monies received and 

expended by order of this Board, and the Goods received and de- 

voi. XI. — 8. 



114 MINUTES OF THE 

i 

livered out and remaining in the hands of the said Capt. Bickham I 
as Public property, & make report thereof to Council. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Edward McLees .£63 18 1J, | 
for Boarding the Sick at the Hospital on Province Island, from | 
December 13 to Jan'y 7th, 1777. 



In Council of Safety, February 5th, 1777. 

present : 

THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President, 

David Rittenhouse, Sam'l C. Morris, 

Joseph Blewer, George Gray, 

John Hubley, Wni Lyon. 
Wm. Moore, 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Capt. Connelly, 
for 300 Dollars, for the recruiting Service of the 4th Pennsylvania 
Keg't, to be charged to Col. Cadwallader. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Litle £9 9 0, for nails, &ca. 
for Fort Island. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Sam'l Duncan £2 15 2, for wood 
for the Ship Montgomery. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Martin Wirt, 
for one Hundred and fifty Pounds, being for the Shallop 
bought of him for the use of this State. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Lt. Col. Jas. Johnston £7 13 
4, for subsistence of himself, &c, to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay James Stuart ^£43 7 3, for Car- 
riage of Powder & Lead to Westmoreland County. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Capt. John Jacks £6 0, for 
Subsistance of 6 men of his Comp'y from Cumberland Co'y to this 
City. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Fleming £74 18 2, for Bal- 
ance of his acco't for Cloths, &ca., Bo't by order of the Counc ' 

Two orders were drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Mr. Win. 
Henderson and Mr. Alex'r Huston, (Ensigns of the Pennsylv'a 
Musquetry, commanded by Col. Attlees,) for 30 Dollars each, on 
acco't of their pay. 

Resolved, That a Captain and Company of the Pennsylvania 
Regiment, with 2 Pieces of Cannon, be sent into New Jersey, for 
the protection of the Salt Works erected there at the expense of 
this State. 

In order to discourage the practice of inventing and propogating 
false reports, to the disadvantage of our public affairs, 

Resolved, That the acknowledgement signed by John Carnan & 
Joseph Emlin, be published in Mr. Town's evening post. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 115 



In Council of Safety, February 6th, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

THOMA^WHARTON, jun'r, President. 

David Rittenhouse, George Gray, 

Wm. Lyon, . Andrew Caldwell, 

Sain'l C. Morris, Joseph Blewer, 

John Bayard, John Hubley. 

Jonathan B. Smith, 

Resolved, That application be made to the Honorable Congress 
for Two Hundred Thousand Dollars, for the purpose of recruiting 
and defraying other necessary public expences. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay James Fulton s618 17 6, for 
Hailing Cannon, &ca. to State House yard, to be charged to Con« 
gress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay James .Simpson lis 7, for sun- 
dries for use of Schooner Lydia at Trenton. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay SamT Holmes J43 15, for 50 
Cutlasses at 7s 6, deliver' d Rob't Towers. 

The following Letter was wrote to Messrs. Josiah Hewes, Andrew 
Tybout k Robert Tuckness : 
"Sir: 

• " You are hereby requested to supply all sick Soldiers coming 
from N York or the Camp, who may be going to the Southward or 
Westward, with such necessaries and assistance as you may think 
requisite to support and enable them to return to their respective 
Homes." 

' Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Rich'd Dellam, Esq'r, D. P. M'r 
Qen'l, Ten Thousand Dollars, to be charg'd to his acco't. 

Resolved, That Jacob Meyers, Armourer and Blacksmith at Fort 
Island, be allowed nine Pounds ^ month, from the first day of Feb- 
ruary Instant. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Andrew Lytle £6 14 3, for a 
Rifle lost in actual Service, & Expences in bringing a number of 
Sick from Thomson's Mill to Philad'a, to be charg'd to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Robert Magee £lh 15, for his 
Expences from Somerset County, being wounded, to be charg'd to 
Congress. 

Resolved, That a Powder Magazine of the dimentions of 24 feet 
by 36,& other Military Store Houses, be built in or near the Borough 
of Lancaster, for the use of this State; and that John Hubley, Com- 
missary, provide materials, employ Workmen, and see the same 
finished with all possible dispatch, and that Major John Hubley 
take up on ground Rent, or purchase, such grounds as are necessary 
for the said Buildings. 



116 MINUTES OF THE 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Major Pereifor 
Fraizier, for 1000 Dollars, for the recruiting Service, to be charg'd 
to Col. Anthony Wayne. 

Resolved, That a Regiment of Artillery be raised for the defence 
of this State, to consist of m 

One Colonel, 

One Lieutenant Colonel, 

One Major, 

Eight Captains, 

Eight first Lieutenants, 

Eight second Lieutenants. 

Eight Lieutenant Fireworkers, 

One Paymaster, 

One Quarter Master, 

One Surgeon, 

One Surgeon's Mate, 

One Serjeant Major, 

One Drum Major, 

One Fife Major, 

One Quarter Mast'r Sergeant, 

Thirty-two Serjeants. 

Thirty-two Corporals, 

Eight Drummers, 

Eight Fifers, 

Twelve Musicians, 

Four Hundred and eighty Privates. 
Resolved, That Thomas Proctor, Esq'r, be appointed Colonel of 
said Regiment. 

Resolved, That Mr. John Read, Barrack Master at Fort Island, 

be allowed ten Pounds ^ month from the first day of January last. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Doctor Henry Bud £19 3 6, 

for Cash advanced to the sick of the 1st & 2nd Batt'ns of Pennsylv'a 

Rifle Reg't, & Col. Atlee's, at Easton, to be charg'd to Congress. 

Resolved, That James Young and Jacob Shriner, Esquires, two 
of the Justices of the Peace for this State, examine before them 
certain Persons committed to the Gaol of this City, on suspicion of 
having Stolen a Sum of money, &c, of Mr. Stephen Lowry, Com- 
missary, and that the said Stephen Lowry make such proof and pro- 
duce any Evidences he can before the said Justice, in respect of the 
said Money lost by him, and found on the said Prisoners, or any of 
them, in order to ascertain the property of the said Money, and 
that the said Justices make Report to this Board. 

Mr. Jewel was directed to deliver the Hessian & Waldecker 
Prisoners in his Custody, to the Order of Colonel Isaac Melcher. 
Major Williams, of the Pennsylv'a State Reg't, having this 
morning given in his Resignation, was accepted of. 

Resolved, That Lewis Farmer be appointed first Major in the 
Pennsylvania State Regiment, and Captain Francis Murray 2nd 
Major. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 117 



In Council of Safety. 

Philadelphia, February 7th, 1777. 
present : 
THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President. 
David Rittenhouse, V. P. 

William Lyon, Joseph Marsh, 

Timothy Matlack, Geo. Gray, 

Joseph Blewer, Sam'l C. Morris, 

John Bayard, Andrew Caldwell. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Col. John 
Nixon, £2500, to be charged to his aoco't, for paying the Militia. 
Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capts. Roach, McFitrum & Wat- 
kins £69 13 0, for wages for working at Chevaux de Frize. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Martin Murphy J23 15 0, for 
^xpences attending a Soldier while sick, & funeral Expences. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Dunn and Hale £29 11 3, for 
a Barge and Oars, &c, for Capt. Rice. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Eleanor Hart ^8192 13 5, for 

Board and Lodging of Men belonging to the Artillery of this State. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of John McFat- 

rick, for £1 8 6, being Cash advance to Lieut. Spur as a Spy, 

to gain Intelligence, to be charged to Congress. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Lieut. Col. 
George Nagle, for 1500 Dollars, for the recruiting Service, to be 
charg'd to Colonel Nagle. 

Resolved, That application be made to the Honorable House of 
Assembly to Borrow the Sum of Ten Thousand Pounds, to be re- 
turned out of the first Money tke Council may receive from Con- 



Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Michael Boyer ^8 15 0, for 
distributing Gen'l Washington's Proclamations in New Jersey, 
7 days, at 25s. 

William Hartshorne, of the State of New Jersey, being sent to 
the State (among others) as a Person Inimical to the United States 
of America, The Board, taking into Consideration the Memorial 
of the s'd Wm. Hartshorne, and a Letter of Mr. Charles Pettit, 
dated Haddenfield, February 6th Inst., directed to the said Harts- 
horne, are of opinion that the said Wm. Hartshorne be discharged 
from his Recognizance to this State, (no proof having appeared 
against him to impeach him in any sort,) and that the case of the 
said Wm. Hartshorne be refer'd to the Governour & Council of 
the State of New Jersey, 



118 MINUTESF THE 



In Council of Safety. 

Philad'a, February 8th, 1777. 
present : 
" DAVID BITTENHOUSE, V. P. 
John Hubley, Chairman, 
John Bayard, Joseph Blewer, 

Andrew Caldwell, Wm. Lyon, 

Sam'l C. Morris, Wm. Moore. 

Capt. G. Bickham was directed to pay Nicholas Weaver £23 16 0? 
for making 102 Jackets, &ca. 

Mr. John Wilcox was directed to pay to Jno. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, 
£150 19 4, being the ballance of his account, as settled this day. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Capt. Wm. 
Richards, for .£600, being in part of Balance due him on his acco't 
d'd 3rd Inst., to be charged to his acco't. 

Mr. Dallam was requested to pay Capt. Schmizer, of the Flying 
Camp, £50 0, and charge the same to his acc't. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay an order drawn by Mr. Thomas 
Savadge on Messrs. Geo. Clymer, Sam'l Howell, & Owen Biddle, 
in fav'r of Mr. Joseph Salter, for £600, & Charge the same to Mr. 
Savadge. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay D|niel Offley & Son £57 5 8, 
for an Anchor & Comboose, the Galley Commanded by Capt. Hen- 
derson. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Jacob Hall £49 7, for sundry 
Arms collected in the Middle Ward of German town, 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. George Pierce £3 9 9, 
for repairing Arms, &ca. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Scphus Bartleson £o 7 10, 
for Diet of Militia, to be charged to Congress. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Capt. Geo. 
Bickham, for two Hundred pounds, to be charged to his Acco't. 

An order was drawn on Nr. Nesbitt, in favour of Colonel John 
Proctor, for £300, to be charged to his acco't. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. , 119 



In Council of Safety. 

Philadelphia, February 10th, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

DAVID RITTENHOUSE, V. P. 

John Bayard, William Lyon, « 

Joseph Blewer, Jonathan B. Smith, 

Andrew Caldwell, John Hubley. 

Au order was sent Mr. Towers, to deliver John Pringie & Co. 
50 Hand Grenadoes, to be charged to their acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Colonel Hump- 
ton, for 2000 Dollars, for the Recruiting service, he to be account- 
able. 

An order was drawn on Robert Towers to deliver Messrs. Mease 
& Caldwell one Block of Tin, they paying for the same. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Capt. Stephen 
Bayard, for 1000 Dollars, for recruiting service for 3rd Pen'a. 
Reg't, to be charged to Colonel Joseph Wood. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Capt. John Carrothers 4 
12, for subsistence and Ferriage of 4 men of his Comp'y of the 
1st Batt'n of Cumberland County Militia, to be charged to Con- 
gress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Ja's M'Cormick, Gunsmith, £2 
11, for repairs of Guns. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to ^>ay James & Drinker £36 14, for 
170 Iron Kettles, for the use of Col. Miles' Batt'n while at Mar- 
cus Hook. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Daniel Murphy £ [05 13 6, for 
his pay and Expences attending his Boat until 7th Feb'y, Inst. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Captain Hand, of the Flying 
Camp, £11, for 11 Blankets delivre'd Col. Humpton, to be charged 
to Congress. 

Capt. Hazlewood was informed that Capt. Dan'l Murphy is this 
day reinstated in his former command, agreeable to his Commis- 
sion. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. Wm. Cowan £13 8 3, for 
Sundry Accoutrements deliver'd into the Public Stores at Amboy, 
to be charg'd to Congress. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Peter Deha- 
ven & Co. for £500, to be charged to their Acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Van Campen £1 19, for 
3 days' employment to the Camp, and Expences, to be charged to 
Congress. 

Resolved, That Edward Laskey, Henry Schriver and Peter Sum- 
mers, Butchers, be allow'd three Pounds ^ Hund. for the Beef 
they have contracted to supply Mr. John Mitchell, Commissary of 



120 MINUTES OF THE 

the Navy and Artillery of this State, from this date until the 10th 
of March. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Capt. Charles Leeper 20s, 
for Subsistance of one man of his company, from Cumberland 
County, to be charged to Congress. 



In Council of Safety, 

Philad'a, February 11th, 1777. 

present : 

DAVID RITTENHOUSE, V. P. 

Jon'a B. Smith, John Bayard, 

Andrew Caldwell, John Hubley, 

Sam'l C. Morris, John Bull, 

Wm. Lyon, Owen Biddle. 
Joseph Blewer, 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Col. Isaac Mcl- 
cher for 3000 Dollars, to be charg'd to his acco't. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Capt. Chas. Leiper £1, for 
subsistence of One man from Cumberland County, of the 3d Batt'n, 
to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay pinion Coal £15 2 0, for 5 
Guns and one Blanket, to be charged to Col. James Murray of Nor- 
thumberland County. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Daniel Grub £64 7 6, for Boat 
hire, &ca., for the use of the Garrison at Fort Island. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Mordecai McKinney £31 2 6, 
for arms, &ca., purchased in Northumberland County. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour John Hart, 
£318 0, for 106 Sailor's Jackets. 

Capt. Geo. Bickham was directed to pay Capt. Robert Culbert- 
son £9 7 0, for expences in raising his Company & afterwards 
countermanded, to be charged to Congress, and Mr. Nesbitt to 
pay him £69 7 6, for 15 muskets & Riffles deliv'd to Mr. Towers, 
to be charged to Congress. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Capt. Charles Leeper £3 0, 
for Expences in raising his Company, to be charged to Congress. 

Capt. Geo. , Bickham was directed to pay Capt. James Carnahan 
£3 0, for Expences in 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Thomas Ne- 
vill, for £200, to be charg'd to his acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Thomas Nevill i280 5 7, for 
Pine and Cedar Boards. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 121 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Robert Towers £146 13 3, for 
Men's Wages in working in the Elaboratory, & other incidental 
Chapges, to be charged to Congress. 

Captain Bickham was directed to pay Capt. Simon Yenersdelen 
£2 14, for subsistence of his Co. of Col. Macpherson's Batt'n of 
York County Militia, to be charged to Congress. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Capt. Geo. Will £1 7, for 
Subsistence of his Comp'y to Camp, to be charg'd to Congress. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Capt. Rob't Shannon £11 6 
8, for Exp's in raising his Comp'y, and pay of his Lieutenant and 
Ensign. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Major Ilubley £16 12 6, for 
25 Pair Hose (a\ 13s. 6. 



In Council of Safety. 

Philadelphia, February 12th, 1777. 

present : 

THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President, 

David Rittenhouse, V. P. 

Samuel Cad. Morris, Andrew Caldwell, 

John Bull, William Lyon, 

Joseph Blewer, John Hubley. 
Jonathan B. Smith, 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Lieut. Col 
George Nagle for £400, for the Recruiting Service, he to be ac- 
countable. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Plunket Fleeson a£24 3 5, for 
the amo't of his acco't of Drums & Colours, &c, furnish'd Lieut. 
Col. Antes. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Capt. Jacob 
Hendershat for .£50, towards a month's pay advance for his Com- 
pany, to be charged to David Espey, Esq'r, the Capt. to be account- 
able to Mr. Espey. 

Mr. Towers was order'd to deliver to Capt. Jacob Hendershat, 
of Col. Woods' Batt'n from Bedford county, 3 Guns, 7 Shot Bags 
<& Powderhorns, and 2 Blankets for the use of his Company. 

Jno. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, was directed to pay Sam'l Mifflin, Esq'r, 
£453 14 0, for 349 Musket Locks. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Richard Del- 
lam, Esq'r, for 5000 Dollars, to be charged to his acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Rich'd Dermond, Waggon Mas- 
ter, for 14 days' service, a 15s. p day, ^10 10 0, to be charged to 
Congress. 



122 MINUTES OF THE 

Capt. Geo. Bickham was directed to pay James Eggerson £15 
0, for going express to Northumberland County, 12 days. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay the widow of Thomas Rogers 
£5 10 0, for a Gun and Blanket lost on Long Island, Rogers beipg 
a Soldier, belonging to Capt. Peeblee's Comp'y. 

Captain Morton Garrett this day came before the Board and Re- 
signed his Commission as Captain of the Pennsylv'a State Reg't, 
which was accepted of. * 

Capt."Bickham was directed to pay Philip Mans £3 15, for 10 
days' attendance as Constable. 



In Council of Safety. 

Philad'a., February 13th, 1777. 
present : 
THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President. 

David Rittenhouse, . Joseph Blewer, 

Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, John Bull, 

Andrew Caldwell, Sam'l C. Morris, 

Geo. Gray, William Lyon. 

Capt. Geo. Bickham was directed to pay Sam'l Samson £8 15 6. 
or 13 y'ds Swanskin. 
Mr. tfesbitt was directed to pay Peter Galagher £12 18, for 21] 
y'ds Blanketing, for the use of Col. Watts' Batt'n, to be charged 
to the Colonel. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Daniel Evins £58 3, for Smith 
work done the Gun Carriages, to be charg'd to Congress. 

Resolved, That Mr. Jacob Lawes Wiler be appointed paymaster 
of the Pennsylvania State Regiment, with the rank of Captain. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Col. Joseph Hart £77 19 6, 
for sundry Expences, £4 8 6 of w'h to be charg'd to Congress, 
£3 3 to be charg'd to this State, & £70 8 to be charg'd to^CcL 
Hartz. 

Resolved, That Messrs. Andrew Caldwell, Joseph Blewer, Jo- 
seph Marsh, Emanuel Eyres, Paul Cox, & Robert Ritchie, be ap- 
pointed to act as a Navy Board, and be authorized to take under 
their care all the Ves sells of War, Armed Boats, fire-ships, fire- 
Rafts, &ca., Constructed for the defence of this City by Water, 
and do furnish them with everything necessary to attack or 
repel the Enemy. To provide and to have a general super- 
intendance of the Stores necessary for their department; to prepare 
and keep in a proper state of defence the Fortifications on Fort Is- 
land ; To examine the river Channel, and to Cause Chevaux-de- 
Frize to be sunk in such places as they may Judge proper, to ob- 
struct the passage of the Enemies' Ships i 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 123 

And, That for the above purposes they, or any three of them, have 
full power to act, and to draw orders on the Treasurer of this 
Board for such sums as may be necessary, subject .always to the di- 
rection & control of the Council. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Peter Hoster £6 2 0, for two 
Guns and one Blanket. 

Capt. G-eo. Bickham was directed to pay Mr. William Evans £41 
8 10 J for Blankets, Stockings, &ca. 

The following Letter was wrote to James Young & Jacob Scun- 
ner, Esq'rs, Vizt : 

u Gentlemen : 

As it appears That Joseph Atkinson was Privy to the Robery 
committed by Nilnet and Mahony, shared the money with them, 
and very probably has it in his power to give information concern- 
ing the remainder of the money, not yet discovered, which he re- 
fuses to do ; You are, therefore, hereby directed and required to 
commit the said Joseph Atkinson to Close Confinement in the Com- 
mon Jail of this City, until further orders from this Board, or un- 
till he be discharged by a due course of Law. 
u By order of Council, 

"Sign'd THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Pres't." 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Doct'r Beanes -£11 5 0, for a 
month's attendance in the General Hospital, &, £13 5 to Doct'r 
Bowie, for a month's attendance & Lint, to be charged to Con- 
gress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. Jn'o Jameson £13 16 4, for 
2 days' Wages to His Company, when ordered to march to this City 
& countermanded, to be charged to Congress. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Major Coomb £75 10 6, for 
subsistance of himself, Major Cisna, a Capt. & 23 men of Col. 
Wood's Battalion, Bedford County. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Rosbothem £9 5 0, for Riding 
Express to Bucks & Northampton Countys, with Letters to the 
Colonels of the different Battalions of Militia, to make a return of 
the Public Arms, &ca. 



124 MINUTES OF THE 



la Council of Safety. 

Philad'a, February 14th, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Pres't. 

David Rittenhouse ; Joseph Blewer, 

Wm. Moore, Jon'a B. Smith, 

Saua'l C. iMorris, John Bayard, , 

John Bull, Wm. Lyon. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. Herculus Courtney d610 
18 0, for recruiting expences for Penn'a Artillery. 

Mr. Joseph Ferree was directed to deliver Doct'r Wm. Smith 
200 lb. Salt Petre. ' 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Wm. Lewis ^40 18 0, for 1636 
Bottoms for Shott, delivered at the Elaboratory. 

Resolved, That Doct'r Abel Morgan be appointed Surgeon of 
the Eleventh Pennsylvania Regiment, Commanded by Colonel 
Rich'd Humpton, in the room of Doct'r Mich'l Jennings, Resigned, 



In Council of Safety. 

Philad'a, February 15th, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President. 
David Rittenhouse, Sam'l C. Morris, 

George Gray, Jonathan B. Smith, 

John Bull, William Moore, 

Joseph Marsh, William Lyon, 

Joseph Blewer, John Bayard. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Wm. Shoemaker £7 19 0, for 
nursing a sick Soldier, belonging to Col. Haslet's reg't of Delaware 
State, to be charged to Congress. 

Resolved, That Mr. Andrew Epple be appointed Paymaster to 
the 11th Pennsylvania Regiment, in the room of , 

who has never attended his duty, therefore Superceeded. 

Resolved, That Mr. Enoch Morgan be appointed Paymaster to 
the Sixth Pen'a Regiment, Commanded by Col. Rob't Magaw. 

Resolved, That applications for Offices in the Pennsylvania Re- 
giments now raising for the Continental Service, will be received 
until Monday the 24th Instant, when this Board will certainly pro- 
ceed to fill up the Vacancies still remaining. 

All Officers already appointed in the above Regiments, who are 
not on Command, are required forthwith to repair to their duty. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 125 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Joseph Stiles £175 11 8, for 
Work done in the Elaboratory, and his pay from the 30th Nov'rto 
the 10th Feb'y inst, to be charged to Congress. 

Resolved, Mr. Benjamin Rittenhouse be allowed £350 ^ annum 
for superintending the Public Gun lock Manufactory, to commence 
the 20th November last. 

Whereas, The Honorable Congress has authorized and directed 
this Council to erect a Fortification at Billingsport, for the defence 
and security of the City and Harbour of Philadelphia, part of 
which Work has already been carried on under the direction of this 
Board; and as it is necessary that some proper person be appointed 
not only to superintend the said Works, but to command such par- 
ties, whether regular Soldiers, Militia, or others, as may be em- 
ployed to compleat and defend them; therefore, 

Resolved, That John Bull, Esq'r, be appointed Colonel Com- 
mandant of the Fortifications at Billingsport and Superintendant of 
the Works ; and that all Officers, and others, employed in erecting 
or defending the same, do pay due obedience to his Commands un- 
til the Works are compleated, or further orders given by this 
Board, or other proper authority. 

Resolved, That Blathwaite Jones, Esq'r, be appointed Chief En- 
gineer at Billingsport, with the Rank, Pay, and Rations of a Lieu't 
Colonel ; and all Officers and Soldiers under his Command, as well 
as Workmen employ'd there, are to obey him as such, until the 
Fortifications at that place are compleated, or until it shall be other- 
wise ordered by proper authority. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Samuel Smith £13 1, for his 
services in collecting Arms, Shoes, Stockings, &c. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Thomas Jones £5 18 3, for 
Diet and Lodging, and other Expences attending 2 Sick Soldiers 
of Col. Miles' Reg't, to be charg'd to Congress. Also to pay said 
Jones £4 11 4, for Expences attending 2 other Sick Soldiers of 
said Reg't, to be charged to Congress. 



In Council of Safety. 

Philadelphia, February 17th, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

OWEN BIDDLE, Chairman. 

Sam'l Cad. Morris, Andrew Caldwell, 

Joseph Blewer, John Bayard, 

William Lyon, Joseph Marsh, 

William Moore, Geo. Gray. 
Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Brittingham Dickeson's order 

of £23 17 6, for Waggon hire, for bringing up Cash from Balti- 
more, to be charged to Congress. 



126 MINUTES OF THE 

Mr. Dellam was directed to pay Major James Smith £26 5, for 
his pay for 1 month's and 12 days, as Major, Commanding a Rang- 
ing Party. 

Mr. Ncsbitfc was directed to pay Col. William Cook £8 10, for 
4 Blankets, for the use of the 12th Pennsylv'a Reg't, to be charg'd 
to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. Henry McKinley ^651, 
for Blankets purehas'd by him for his Comp'y of the 12th Penn- 
sylv'a Reg't, to be charged to Congress. 

Captain Bickham was Order'd to deliver Lieutenant Finlay for 
five men of the Pennsylv'a State Reg't, recruited by him, viz : 5 
Coats, 5 Jackets, 5 Shirts, 5 Pair Breeches, 5 Pair Shoes & Stock- 
ings, 5 Caps, and 5 Blankets. 

Resolved, That in Consequence of advice from Thomas Savadge, 
at the Pennsylvania Salt Works on Tom's River, of a design of the 
Enemy against those works, and of a Letter from Rob't Morris, 
Esq'r, one of the members of Congress, recommending it to the at- 
tention of this Council, The armed* boat called the Delaware, under 
the Command of Richard Eyre, Esq'r, be immediately fitted out 
and ordered to proceed, with all expedition, to the said Works, there 
to remain for the defence thereof, untill further orders from this 
Board. 

An order was drawn on Capt. Bickham, in favour of Capt. Her- 
cules Courtney, for the anio't of his acco't, £11 12 9, for sundry 
Exp y s for the Artillery.. 



In Council of Safety. 

Philadelphia, 18th February, 1777 

PRESENT : 

THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President. 
David Rittenhouse, V. P. 

John Bull, Joseph Marsh, 

Geo. Gray, Jonathan B. Smith, 

William Lyon, Owen Biddle, 

Sam'l Cad. Morris, Andrew Caldwell. 
Joseph B lower, 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Colonel Jost Trisbach ,£27 17 
7, for his trouble and Expences in forming and attending his Batt'u 
of Militia of Northampton County, And expediting the March of 
the Companies of the Flying Camp, to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Robert Towers ^93 19, for the 
amo't of his weekly acco't of the purchase of Arms, &c, and work 
done in the Elaboratory, to be charged to Congress. 

5 M O* (0WMi 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 127 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Josiah Wood £99, for 300 Pikes 
deliver' d Rob't Towers. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Haulers 70 Dollars, to pro- 
vide for 4 Indians, on their way to Maryland, to be charged to Con- 
gress. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay John Kerlin £11 11 3, for 
subsistence of different Parties of the Continental Troops, Flying 
Camp and Militia, to be charged to Congress. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of John Kerlin, 
for £30, to be charged to John Moore, Esq'r, of Westmoreland 
County, to whom Lieut. Col. Lockry is to Account, being Cash 
lent s'd Col. Lockry by John Kerlin, for the subsistence of that 
Batt'n on their March, the Cash provided the Contractors not be- 
ing sufficient, 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Captain John Arndt <£334 18, 
for amount of arms & Accoutrements, being private Property, and 
lost in actual Service in the two Engagements on Long Island & 
Fort Washington, to be charged to Congress. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Dan'l McDon- 
ald, for five Pounds, to enable him to return home to, Lake Supe- 
riour, he being a disabled Soldier come from Camp, to be charg'd 
to Congress. 

Capt. Bickham was directed to pay Rowland Pritchett £l 17 6, 
for 5 Flax Seed Casks. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. Jervis -^11 li 9, for Ex- 
pences in bringing Prisoners from Bucks County 



In Council of Safety, February 19th, 1777- 

PRESENT : 

THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President. 
David Rittenhouse, Andrew Caldwell 5 

William Moore, John Bull, 

Owen Biddle, Joseph Marsh, 

Geo. Gray, Peter Rhoads, 

Sam'i C. Morris, Wm. Lyon, 

Joseph Blewer, 
Capt. George Bickham was directed to pay Mr, Claypoole dS20, 
for the purpose of providing Shirts, &ca. 

Resolved, That Messrs. William Pollard, Samuel Massey, 
Thomas Barclay, & William Bradford, be added to the Navy 
Board. 

An order was drawn in favour of Elias Botner for J7 2 6, on 
J. M. Nesbit. 



3 28 MINUTES OF THE 

\ 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. Henry Hagenbuck £389 
6, for amount of arms & accoutrements of his Company, being 
Private Property, and lost in actual Service on Long Island. 

Mr. Towers was directed to deliver to the order of the Navy 
Board 150 three Pound Shott, to be charged to Congress. 

Jno. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, was directed to pay John Hart, Esq'r, 
-€ L9 17 4, for repairing arms in Bucks County, & £3 0, for a 
Gun. 

Resolved, That Joseph Hart & Henry Wynkoop, Esq'rs, and Mr. 
Richard Gibbs, be requested to repair immediately to the House of 
Isaac Hicks, Late Clerk of the Court for Bucks County, aud there 
take possession of all the public papers & Records that may be in 
his Possession; they are also requested to collect together and Ex- 
amine all the Books and records that formerly were iu the care of 
said Hicks, place thu same in the Office built for the use of said 
County to keep their Publick Books and Papers in, making a re- 
port to this Board of their proceedings, and in what State they find 
said Books and Papers, particularly if any are missing; The Keys 
of the Office to be left in the Hands of Henry Wynkoop, Esq'r, 
untill further orders. 

Resolved, That the public Office in Newtown, in the County of 
Bucks, now made use of as a magazine for Powder & other War- 
like Stores, be immediately cleared, in order to receive the Books, 
records, and Publick Papers belonging to said County ; & Messrs. 
Hart, Wynkoop, & Gibbs, are hereby requested to order said Office 
cleared, & to deposit said Books, Records, & Papers in the public 
Office aforesaid. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Thomas Corgee <£33 3 0, for 
Iron work for Gun Carriages for the Ship Montgomery. 



In Council of Safety, February 20th, 1777. 

present : 
THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President. 
David Rittenhouse, Joseph Blewer, 

John Bayard, Andrew Caldwell, 

Peter Rhoads, John Bull, 

William Moore, George Gray, 

Owen Biddle, Sam'l C. Morris. 

Jonathan B. Smith, 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay to John Watson, for dressing the 
wounds of men of armed Boats in May last, ^1 4 0. 

Captain Bickham was directed to pay And'w Burkart £259 7, 
for 247 Pair of Shoes @ 21s. 



4,000 


do. 


6 


6,000 


do. 


4 


8,000 


do. 


3 


1,500 


do. 


2 


20 


Barr Shot 


for 32 


80 


do. 


24 


740 


do. 


18 


360 


do. 


9 


100 


do. 


12 


.160 


do. 


4 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY 129 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Ebenezer Lundy £151 16, for 
253 Cartouch Boxes delivered Mr. Towers, @ 12s. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Benj. Yard £110 17, for Re- 
pairs of arms done for the 2nd Battalion of Philad'a County. 

The following is a List of Shot ordered to be cast by Mr. James 
Old for the Service this State, vizt : 

4,000 Round Shot for 9 pounders, 
p'rs. 
p'rs. 
p'rs. 
p'r3. 
p'r. 
p'r. 
P'r. 
p'r. 
p'r. 
p'r. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Peter Rhoads, Esq'r, £3 13 0, 
for two Blankets, to be charged to Col. Henry Geiger, of North- 
anipton County. 

Mr. Robt. Towers was directed to deliver Col. Walton of 
Georgia, 204 shot for 18 p'rs, 156 do for 12^'rs, and 200 do. 
for 9 p'rs, he paying for ihe same. 

Mr. Nesbitt was "directed to pay Elias Botner £4 8 0, for 22 
Brag Ropes, delivered to David Pancoast, to be charged to Con- 
gress. 

Jno. M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, was directed to continue George Smith, 
a Seamen that lost his hearing on board the armed Boat Hancock, 
Capt. Moore, on half pay, 'till further orders. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. Hilton £8 8- 0, for four 
Guns delivered to Mr. Towers. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Joseph Watkins ^19 15 4, for 
his Wages, &c, as an Express, to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Major Lewis Farmer =£9 3 10, 
for his Expences in conducting the Hessian Paymaster to Balti- 
more, to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Towers was directed to deliver Mr. James Old or order 400 
w't of Gun powder to prove Cannon, 



VOL, XI.— 9. 



130 MINUTES OF THE 



In Council of Safety. 

Philadelphia, February 21st, 1777* 

PRESENT I 

THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, Pres't. 
David Rittenhouse, V. P. 

Owen Biddle, Sam'l C. Morris, 

John Bull, William Lyon, 

Peter Rhoads, Jonathan, B. Smith. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay William Armstrong £24, for his 
wages and expences in removing Stores from Billingsport to 
Philad'a and Lancaster, to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Elmslie £46 7 6, for turn- 
ing, 855 molds for Grape shott, &c, to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Frederick Weir £13 5, for his 
wages as an Express to York and Cumb ,-rland Counties, with Cir- 
cular Letters to the Commanding Officers of the Militia, to make 
a return of the Public arms and -accoutrements, to be charged to 
Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Doct'r Story Steward, of the 
Pennsylvania Hospital, £90 10, for Board, &c, of sick and woun- 
ded men, to be charged to Congress. Also, £2 for the Board ol 
John Crony, who was hurt by a fall in the Province Ship Mont- 
gomery. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Joseph Stile» 
for £150, to purchase Flannel for making Cartridges for Field Ar- 
tillery, to be charged to his acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Lieut. Thos. Boyd £'5 17 6, 
for cash paid by him for Belts & repairing Rifles of Capt. Shades' 
co., Col. Miles' Regiment. 

Moses Young was directed to pay Geo. Weiss £1 10, for his 
Expences as an Express, to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Alexander Galagher £2 4, for 
four pair Stockings. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. William Bodlys £178, 
for the pay of his Company of Militia of the 5th Batt'n of Cr„ 
County, commanded by Col. Richard Thomas, now stationed at the 
Powder mills on French Creek, to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Simon Murray £11 13 4, for 
700 Strops for Bottoms delivered into the Elaboratory, to be charged 
to Congress. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 131 



In Council of Safety. 
Philadelphia, February 22nd, 1777, 

PRESENT : 

THOMAS WHARTON, Jun'r President. 
David Rittenhouse, V. P. 

John Bayard, Sam'l Cad. Morris, 

Joseph Dean, William Lyon, 

Peter Rhoads, William Moore, 

Jonathan B. Smith, John Bull. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Isaac Thomson £2, for 2 Blan- 
kets. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of John Mitchell 
for one thousand five hundred Pounds, he to be accountable. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Col. Will'm 
Cook for Three thousand Dollars, for the recruiting service, to be 
charged to Colonel Cook. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Major Benezet 
for four Thousand Dollars, for the recruing service of the 6th Penn- 
sylvania Regiment, to be charged to Lieut. Col. Becker. 

Mr Nesbitt was directed to pay William Pennell £8 18 9, for 
1788 feet of Oak Scantling for 4 Pounders, deliver' d to Benj. 
Loxley. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Messrs. Peter 
Dehaven & Co., One thousand Pounds, to be charged to their 
acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Col. Lambert 
Cadwallader for Four Thousand Dollars, for recruiting service for 
the fourth Pen'a Reg't, to be charged to his acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Messrs. Peter 
Dehaven & Co., for One thousand Pounds, to be charged to their 
acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Casper Di trick £l 3, for 1 
Blanket, & Geo. Shrod £2 4 6, for 2 Blankets, all for the use of 
Capt. Mich'l Snyder's comp'y of Col. Geyger's Batt'n of North- 
ampton County. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Mr. James Old or his order 
Fifteen hundred Pounds for- Cannon Ball, &c, to be charged to his 
acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Commodore 
Seymour, for One thousand Dollars, for the recruiting Service of the 
Naval Armament of this State, to be charged to his acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Owen Biddle, 
Esquire, for twelve hundred and forty-six Pounds 14s 4£, to be 
charged to his acco't. 



132 MINUTES OF THE 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Abram Mason £40 12 4, for 
Workman's wages in the Elaboratory 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favor of Mr. Alex'r Hun- 
ter for J!904, towards paying the Militia of Northumberland County. 
Resolved. That all able bodied men who will enter into the ser- 
vice of this State (during the war) on board of any armed Vessell, 
shall receive a bounty of twelve Dollars on their enlistment. 

Resolved, That the pay of the officers and privates of the Naval 
Armament of this State be as follows, viz : 

Commodore, 75 Dollars <p mo. 

Captains, 48 Dollars m mo. 

First Lieutenants, 30 Dollars ^ mo. 
Second Lieutenants, 20 Do. *p mo. 



Gunner, 


16 do. f do. 


Boatswain, 


16 do. f do. 


Carpenter, 


16 do. f do. 


Armour, 


13 do. f do. 


Clerk & Steward, 


16 do. $ do. 


Cook, 


12 do. f do. 


Drummer, 


10 do. f do. 


Fiter, 


10 do. f do. 


Surgeon of the Ship, 


48 Dollars f mo. 


Surgeon's Mate, 


20 Do. $ mo. 


Seamen, 


12 do. ^ mo. 


Boys, 


6 do. ^ do. 


Petty Officers, such as Quarter Masters, Gunners' iVIates, Boat- 


swains' Mates & Carpenters' 


Mates, on board the Ship & Floating 


Batteries, 13 Dollars^ mon 


th. 


The Officers pay to Commence the 15th November, 1776. 


The privates to commence 


the 1st of February, 1777. 



In Council of Safety. 

Philadelphia, February 24th, 1777 

present : 

THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President. 
Owen Biddle, Joseph Dean, 

Peter Rkoads, Sam'I C. Morris, 

Wm. Lyon, Jou'n Bayard Smith, 

Joseph Blewer, John Bull. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in fav'r of Col. Wm. Cook, 
£6 10 0, for 4 Blankets, to be charged to Congress. N. B. An 
acco't for said sum was passed the 17th Inst, & lost by Col- 
Cook 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 133 

Mr. Nesbitfc was directed to pay Ebenezer Cowell £31 II 6, 
for repairing arms last Summer. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Robert Towers for bis Weekly 
Expences for work in Elaboratory, &ca., £100 6, to be charged 
to Congress T and £15 10 0, for bis Services as Commissary of 
Stores from 17 January to 17 February, Inst. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Pope £15 17 11, for sup- 
plying a number of Prisoners discharged from New York at Cros- 
wix, & £16 5 for 26 pair of Shoes, £16 5 for Col. Hump- 
ton's Reg't, both sums to be charged to Congress. 



In Council of Safety. 

Philadelphia, February 25th, 1777. 
present : 
THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, Pres't. 
David Rittenhouse, V. P. 

Peter Rhoads, Owen Biddle, 

Joseph Dean, . John Bull, 

William Lyon, Sam'l Cad. Morris. 

Jonathan B. Smith, 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Moses Young, 
for two hundred Pounds, to be charged to his acco't. 

Moses Young was directed to pay Gabriel Kline £1 11, for sub- 
sistence of 31 men of Capt. Geo. Horlacher's Company of the 5th 
Batt'n of Bucks Co., to be charged to Congress. 

Moses Young was directed to pay Gabriel Kline £2 12, for sub- 
sistence of 52 men of Col. Geiger's Batt'n of Northampton County 
Militia, to be charged to Congress. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Richard Dal* 
lum, Esq'r, for 5,000 Dollars, for the purpose of paying Militia, to 
be charged to his acco't. 

Mr. Moses Young was directed to pay George Gentner £32 5 0, 
for riding express. 

Resolved, That every Person, Seamen or Soldier in the service 
of this State, who by sickness or otherwise, shall be rendered un- 
fit to do his duty, shall be sent to the nearest Hospital, to be taken 
care of, and if his case shall by the director or Physician thereof, 
be thought Incurable, he shall certifie the same to the navy Board, 
or to this or the executive Council of this State, who will order 
proper provision to be made for him as soon as may be. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Stiller, work done for Ar- 
tillery Carriages, £41 15 0. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in fav'r of Capt. Wm. 
Richards, £314 10 2 J, being the Balance of his acco't to 3rd In- 



134 MINUTES OF THE 

stant, (exclusive of his wages to be hereafter settled,) to be charg- 
ed to his acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Connor 20 Dollars, in 
Consideration of his Loss of time and suffering in the Militia Ser- 
vice. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Major Lewis 
Nicola, for ^61500, to pay the City Guards, to be charged to his 
acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Col. Gurney, 
for 1000 Dollars, for the recruiting Service, to be charged to Col 
Humpton. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Colo. Nagel, 
for 1000 Dollars for the recruiting Service, to be charged to his 
acco't. 

The Paymaster is directed to pay to Captain Rich'd Brown all 
arrearages due to the Prisoners of his Cornp'y at the times of 
their Deaths or inlistment with the Enemy, on Capt. Brown's giv- 
ing Bond for his accounting faithfully to their Widows or Heirs, 
for such sums due to them as may be in his handb. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Captain Rich'd Brown £8 5, 
for cash advane'd the wives of the Prisoners who were taken on 
Long Island. 

Mr Nesbitt was directed to pay John Frymost £1 10, for a 
Rifle purchas'd from him for the use of the Rifle Batt'n of Pbilad'a, 
aud left at Perth Amboy, by order of General fiercer, to be charg'd 
to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Thomas Nevill Five Hundred 
Pounds, to be charged to his acco't. 

Mr. Moses Young was directed to pay Thomas Peel 12s 6, for a 
Blanket, and Thomas Marie £7 10, to purchase 5 Bushels of Salt 
for salting the Beef brought from Fort Island to Billingsport, to bo 
charged to Congress. 



In Council of Safety, February 26th, 1776, 

PRESENT : 

THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President. 

Wm. Moore, Samuel Morris, Sen'r 

John Bull, ' Sam'l C. Morris, 

Joseph Dean, George Gray, 

Peter Rhoads, Win. Lyon. 

Jonathan B. Smith, 

Moses Young was directed to pay Col. Jno. Proctor £io 8 0, | 
for 38 pair of Shoes & 6 pair of Stockings, for his Battalion of 
Westmoreland Militia. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 135 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Salter & Burr £280 5 3, for 
Boards, Plank, Scantling, &ca., ior the use of 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Mr. Alex'r 
Benstead, Paymaster of the 10th Pennsylvania Reg't, for 1500 
Dollars, for the recruiting Service, to be charged to Col. Penrose. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Messrs. Wm. Crispin, Peter 
Stretch, Job Harvy & Capt. Allen £66 8 7, for Expences in Collect- 
ing Blankets, &ca., in Chester County. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay William Roberts d6159 1 4, for 
making ammunition Boxes, &ca., to be charged to Congress. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Capt. John 
Hazlewood, for 300 Dollars, for recruiting Service for the fire 
Bafts & Guard Boats, to be charged to his acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Major Sam'i 
Benezet, for 1500 Dollars, for recruiting Service for 6th Penn'a 
Regiment, to be charged to Lt. Col. H. Bicker. 

Mr. Moses Young was directed to pay Margaret Welsh £56 7 3, 
for ferriage of militia & diet of do. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Patrick McDowell iS22 10 0, 
for 900 Bottoms for round Shott delivered into the Elaboratory, to 
be charged to Congress. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Josiah Hewes 
& others, wardens of the City of Philad'a, for £800 0, to be 
charged to their acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Philip Rodman, 
for £3 10, for a Gun taken out of the Factory by mistake. 



In Council of Safety, February 27th, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, Pres't. 
David Rittenhouse, Joseph Dean, 

John Bull, Sam'l C. Morris, 

William Moore, Jon'a B. Smith, 

George Gray, Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, 

Peter Rhoads, Wm. Lyon. 

Owen Biddle, 
Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Mathias Keely i>l50, to to be 
charged to his account ; and Abram Moore ^30, to be charged to 
his acco't. 

N. B. Keely has deliver' d this day 36 new Guns, & Moore 22. 
Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Mr. David Jackson, Paymaster 
for the 2nd Batt'n of Philad'a Militia, Twelve Hundred Dollars, 
to pay off the said Batt'n, to be charged to Colonel Bayard. 



136 MINUTES OF THE 

Resolved, That Fergus Purden be appointed Steward of the Pro- 
vince Island Hospital, and that he be allowed 26 Dollars *$ month, 
and is to render His Accounts, properly attested, every two weeks to 
this Board. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John McGinley £62 19 4?, be- 
ing the Balance of his Acco't for work done Gun Carriages, to be 
charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Mr. Robert Jewell £203 10 5J, 
for the amo't of his acco't for Diet of Prisoners, to be charged to 
Congress. 



In Council of Safety. 

Philad'a, February 28th, 1777. 
present : 
THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President. 
David Rittenhouse, William Lyon, 

Joseph Dean, John Bull, 

Jon'a B. Smith, Sam'l C. Morris, 

Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, George Gray. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Bates £9 7 6, for 751bs. 
Sheet Iron, delivered Jacob Myers. 

Resolved, That the Navy Board be empowered to draw on Jno. 
M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, Treasurer to this Board, for Such Sums of mo- 
ney as may be wanting for that department. 

Resolved, That Colonel Bull and Colonel Dean be a Committee 
to enquire into the Quantity, Situation and State of the Public Stores, 
and make report to this Council, in order that such part thereof as 
are not immediately wanted, may be removed to some place or places 
of Safety. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Brand £9 18 7£, for Bed 
Cords and Twine deliver'd Rob't Towers. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Win. Thomas & Thomas Foulke 
£9 0, for their trouble & Expence in Collecting Blankets, Stock- 
ings, &ca., in Bucks County. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Sam'l Morris, 
Sen'r, for £50, in part for his wages for attendance at this Council. 

Mr. NCsbitt was directed to pay Ludwig Fohrer £9 19 0, for a 
Stove and Pipe. 

Resolved, That the Pennsylvania Regiment of Artillery shall be 
raised, to serve in any part of the United States during the War, 
and that all new recruits in the Pennsylvania State Regiment of 
Foot shall be enlisted on the same terms, and that every able 
bodied man who shall enlist in either of the said Regiments, shall 
be paid a Bounty of Twenty Dollars. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 137 

Resolved, That every able Bodied man already engaged in either 
of the above regiments for a Limited time, shall, on re-inlisting to 
serve during the war, be paid ten Dollars, part of the above Boun- 
ty, and the remaining Ten Dollars at the expiration of the time for 
which he was first inlisted. 

Moses Young was directed to pay Robert Hare and Co. £5 t> 8, 
for 2f Barrels of Porter, deliver'd in Nov'r last. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Lieut. Triesback, of Capt. Shade's 
Company, £7 3, for Tomhawks, Powder Horns, &ca. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Frederick Schnyder £24 10, 
for attendance on the Council from the 10th January until 28th 
Feb'ry. 



In Council of Safety, March 1st, 1777. 

present : 
THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, Presid't. 
David Rittenhouse, Joseph Dean, 

George Gray, Jona. B. Smith, 

John Bull, William Lyon, 

Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, Samuel C. Morris. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in fav'r of Col. L. Cadwal- 
ader, for 1,000 Dollars, for recruiting service for 4th Pen'a Reg't, to 
be charged to his acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Watt £2, for carrying 
Sick Soldiers and their Baggage 35 miles, and John Hamilton 10s, 
for carrying Sick Soldiers, both of the 4th Batt'n, to be charged to 
Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay William Lewis £34 12, for 1,384 
Blocks deliver'd Joseph Stiles. 

Moses Young was directed to pay James Ennis £14, being the 
Ball'e of his acco't, for Horse hire and Expresses, to be charged to 
Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay B. Poultney £210 6 ; for 701 
Shovels, to be charged to Congress. 

Resolved, That Mr. William Webb be appointed Paymaster to 
the Navy and Navy Board for this State. 

Resolved, That the Gunsmiths be allowed £5 10 Of for every 
Good Musket with a Bayonet they deliver at the Factory, from this 
day until altered by this Council or some proper authority. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay 
justice Rebinhen £29 12 1 J, for wheels, &ca., for Gun Carriages. 
John Gruver, 45 0. for do. 

Joseph Pearson, 93 3 for Iron work for Gun Carriages. 



138 MINUTES OF THE 



In Council of Safety, March 3rd, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President. 
David Rittenhouse, V. P. 

Samuel Morris, Sen'r, Jona. B. Smith, 

Owen Biddle, Sarn'l C. Morris, 

Joseph Dean, Wm. Lyon. 

John Bull, 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in fav'r of Major Lewis 
Farmer, for One Thousand Dollars, for recruiting Service for the 
Pen'a State Regiment, to be charged to his acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Major Benezet, 
for 1000 Dollars, for the recruiting service of the 6th Pennsylvania 
Regiment, to be charg'd to Lieut. Col. Becker. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Captain's Erwin <fe McClelan, 
for Expences in going to Westmoreland to Carry money to differ- 
ent persons to pay Militia, £16 10 0, to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Thomas Marie <£59 4 0, for wage3 
for men working at the Peers near Fort Island. 

Resolved, That the Navy board be empowered to take the Pro- 
vince Shallop into their Possession immediately, to be employed 
for such purposes as they may think proper. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Sam'l Gowdy <£3 0, for a Gun 
delivered to Mr. Towers in August, 1776. 

Moses Young was directed to pay Michael Boyer -£7 10, for his 
Wages as an Express to Mr. Rich'd Tea, six days, @ 25s. 

Moses Young was directed to pay Geo. Ginther £3 15, 
for his Wages as an Express to John Evans, Esquire, 3 days, 
@ 25s. 

Resolved, That the Sentance of the Court Martial held on Lieu- 
tenant John Dean of the Arnold Floating Battery, be referred to 
the Navy Board, who are directed to order a hearing of the parties. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 139 

la Council of Safety. 

Philadelphia, March 4th, 1777. 



present : 
THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, Pres't. 
David Ritten house, V. P. 

William Lyon, John Bull, 

Samuel Morris, Sen'r, Wm. Moore, 

Samuel Cad. Morris, Joseph Dean 



Owen Biddle, Frederick Kuhl. 

Moses Young was directed to pay Daniel Queen 18s, for Ferriage 
and Expences of 4 Horses. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Mary Hunter £5 15, for Nurs- 
ing and Attendance, and Funeral Expences of Ratchford Duffield, 
deceas'd, late a Private in Captain Allbright's Company of Col. 
Miles' Battalion, to be charg'd to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Captain Peter Rundes £30, on 
acco't of Rifles & accoutrements lost in actual Service at Fort 
Washington, to be charged to Colonel William Baxter. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Hood £2 12, for 4 yards of 
Blanketing for the use of Col. Watts' Marching Batt'n, to be 
charged to the Col'o. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Thomas Cuthbert £3 4 11, for 
Sundry expences while acting in a Committee to superintend the 
Sale of Salt, and £19 9 for the same purpose. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of James Dundas, 
for ^250, to be charged to his account. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Captain Boyd £17 12 6, for 
travelling Expences while on Public Business up the Delaware, and 
to Shrewsbury last fall, to be charged to Congress. 

Moses Young was directed to pay Michael Grove £16, for his 
Wages as an Express, to be charged to 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Moses Young, 
for £100, to be charged to his account. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Capt. Joseph 
Rice, for 1200 Dollars, for the recruiting Service of the Pennsylv'a 
Artillery, charge to Col. Proctor. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Dehaven & 
Carter, for £500, to be charged to their acco't. 

Resolved, That the Teams, &ca, purchased by Colonel Bull, for 
the Purpose of Carrying on the Works at Billingsport, be charged 
to Congress, and that he be paid the necessary disbursements on 
that account. 

\ n order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt in favour of Simon Murray, 
£20 19 8. for tin Tubes, &c. 



140 MINUTES OF THE 



In Council of Safety. 

Philadelphia, March 5th, 1777. 
present: 
DAVID RITTEN HOUSE, V. P. 

Joseph Dean, Sam'l C Morris, 

Frederick Kuhl, Owen Biddle, 

William Moore, Wm. Lyon. 

Samuel Morris, Sen'r, 
Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Captain Jacob Bishop £10 19 
6, for the amo'fc of arms taken from Non-Associators in New 
Hanover Township, Philadelphia County. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Mr. Duche- 
mon, for £20, for his Services, as an Interpreter to the Polish 
Engineer. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Messrs. Peter 
Dehaven & Co., for £500, to be charged to their acco't. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Wm. Thomp- 
son, for one Hundred Pounds, to be charged to his acco't. 

Resolved, That Robert Allison be appointed a first Lieutenant 
of a Company of Foot in the Continental Service. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Benjamin Davis £36 0, for 
a Barrel of Rum, & Doct'r Wm. Smith £10 4 0, for medecinessent 
to the Salt Works & Tom's River. 



In Council of Safety, March 6th, 1777. 

present : 

DAVID RITTENHOUSE, V. P. 

Owen Biddle, William Lyon, 

Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, Samuel C. Morris, 

Joseph Dean, Fred. Kuhl. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay James Budden & Co. £109 8 0, 
for 1,098 Bushels of Salt. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Doctor Harris, 
for £100, to be charged to his acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. Wm. Bodley for a month 
pay for a Company of Guards at French Creek Powder Mills. 

Mr. Moses Young was directed to pay Capt. Tho's Heslep £15 
0, to be charged to this State. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 141 



In Council of Safety. 

Philadelphia, March 7th, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

DAVID RITTENHOUSE, V. P. 

Owen Biddle, Sam'l C. Morris, 

Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, Fred. Kuhl, 

William Lyon, Jonathan B. Smith. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Mr. Robert Towers £154 9 0, 
for his last week's account for Workmens' wages in the Elaboratory ? 
making cartridges, &ca., to be charged to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Townsend & John White £7 
15 9, for a H'h'd of Brimstone deliver'd to Mr. Towers in June 
last. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Shearman £104 0, for 
4,160 Bottoms for Round Shotfc delivered to Capt. Stiles, to bo 
charged to Congress. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Lieut. Rob't 
Allison, for 100 Dollars, for the Recruiting service, to be charged 
to his acco't.* 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt. in favour of Col. Rich'd 
Dallam, for £2,500, to be charged to his acco't. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Edw'd Pote £1 18 4, for 480 
musket Ball delivered to Mr. Towers. 



In Council of Safety, 

Philad'a, March 8th, 1777. 
present : 
OWEN BIDDLE, Chairman. 

Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, G-eorge Gray, 

Joseph Dean, William Lyon, 

Johnathan B. Smith, John Bull. 
Sam'l C. Morris, 

Mr. Moses Young was directed to pay Samuel Johnson £2 2 
6, for dieting Militia on their march to Camp, to be charged to 
Congress. 

Moses Young was directed to pay Benjamin Mintz £99 4, for 
128 Pair of Shoes @ 15s 6. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Moses Youog, 
for 1,000 Dollars, to be charged to his acco't. 



142 MINUTES OF THE 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Nixon £20 6 8, for Store 
Hire for Naval Stores, Beef & Pork. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed Colonel John Bull £100 8 4, & 
Colonel Dean £172 13 8, for sundries bought by them for the 
Indian Treaty held at Easton, to be charged to Congress. 

Mr Nesbitt was directed to pay Daniel Evans £121 8 4, for 
Iron Work for Gun Carriages. 



In Council of Safety, March 10th, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

WM. MOORE, Chairman. 

Owen Biddle, Sam'l C. Morris, 

Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, Wra. Lyon, 

Fred. Kuhl, John Bull, 

Joseph Dean, 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Rob't Towers, Commissary of 
Stores, £112 4 (5, for his last week's account for workmens' wages 
in the Elaboratory, making Cartridges, &ca., to be charged to Con- 
gress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Col John Bull =£97 10 0, for 
his services for superintending the works erecting at Billingsport 
from 27th Sept'r, 1776, to 2 Decern 'r last, 6Q days, & 12 days' ser- 
vice in procuring waggons, to be charged to Congress. 

Resolved, That Colonel John Bull employ as many Laborers and 
artificers to compleat the Fortifications at Billingsport, according to 
the plan adopted by this Board, as he can, not to exceed five Hun- 
dred, with an overseer to every Thirty men, for whose service he 
is allowed to pay each man j£4s 6 ^ diem, or such a less sum as he 
can contract with them for; and that he immediately set about 
the said Business, and prosecute it with all the diligence in his 
Power. 

Resolved, That William Crispin, Esq'r, do immediately provide 
provisions for the workmen to be employed at Billingsport, agree- 
able to such numbers as Colonel John Bull may direct him. 

Resolved, That Major Lewis Farmer march all the officers and 
men belonging to the Pennsylvania State Regiment (except the 
recruiting Parties) down to Billingsport, and put himself under the 
direction of Colonel Bull. I 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Col. Joseph Dean one Thousand 
Dollars, for money he advanced to Capt. Caleb North, for recruiting 
service for 5th Pen'a Reg't, to be charged to Colonel Johnson. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John McGinley £52 7 0, for 
Iron Work for Gun Carriages, delivered to David Pancoast. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 143 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay John Hubley, Esq'r, £51, for 
Sundry Guns, appraised for the use of Capt. M user's Comp'y of 
the first Batt'n of Lancaster Co. 



In Council of Safety. 

Philad'a, March 11th, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

OWEN BIDDLE, Chairman. 
George Gray, Wm. Lyon, 

Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, Sam'IC. Morris, 

John Bull, Joseph Dean. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Mr. Ilaun, a member of assem- 
bly for York County, on acco't for scabbards, &ca, £19 17 0, to be 
charged to this State; another acco't of Mich'l Eichelberger «£77 
12 0, for dieting 10 Emigrants at Yorktown, to be charged to 
Congress; also £5 17 6, for Lodging officers' servants, to be charged 
to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Colonel Bull ^44 13 3, for 
Guard of Stores at Norrington, & Sundrys supplied by Col. Butler 
at Wyoming, to the Indians returning from the treaty at Easton, 
to be charged to Congress. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Col. Lamb't 
Cadwalader, for One Thousand Dollars, for recruiting service for 
the fourth Pen'a Reg't, to be charged to his acco't. 

Moses Young was directed to pay James McClellan £7 15 4, for 
dieting Militia last Summer. 

Moses Young was directed to pay Capt. Edw'd Graham £19 13 
0, for subsistance of bis Company of Col. Wats' Battalion, to be 
charged to Congress. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Captain John 
Nelson, for £358 4 2, for pay of his Independent Company, late 
annext to Col. Dehaas' Reg't, while at Ticonderoga, to be charged 
to Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Capt. Henry Shade ^6241 1 3, 
for Riffles, &ca, purchased by him for his Company. 

Resolved, That Captain Joseph Stiles be appointed superinten- 
dant of the Ordinance of this State, and that he be authorized to 
take into his charge all the Artillery belonging to this State not 
immediately employed, with the Carriages and all appurtenances 
belonging to the same. 

That he lay before this board a plan of this Buildings necessary 
to preserve the said Artillery and Stores ; That he may employ 
one assistant and one Clerk under him, and that a regular Account 
be kept by him of all such Artillery and Stores, and a report be 



J U MINUTES OF THE 

made of the Quantity and Condition of the same to thifc Board, 
once in every week, or oftener, if required, which are not to be de- 
livered out unless by special orders irom the executive Council or 
this Board. 

Resolved, That Mr. George Ingles be appointed superintendant 
of Gun Carriages, and he is bereby authorized to take into his 
Charge all the Carriages not already mounted, and the mate- 
rials for making of Carriages belonging to this State, where- 
ever they may be found; and to provide timber and materials to 
make such others as may hereafter be ordered to be made, and em- 
ploy workmen for that purpose. 

Thajt a proper Yard be procured for Storing all the Gun Timber 
belonging to this State, of which an account is to be Kept in a book 
for that purpose, to be weekly laid before this board for Inspection, 
or oftner, if required. 

The Council taking into their consideration the necessity of es- 
tablishing some Regulations respecting the State of the Troops 
quartered in this City, and especially in regard to the Health of 
the Inhabitants, think it very proper the following Resolutions be 
adopted. 

1st That General Gates, or the Commanding officer for the time 
being in this City, be requested to order an officer of each company 
at present, or who may hereafter be quartered in this City, to visit 
every morning the Houses occupied by the respective Companies, 
and see that they are kept clean Such officer neglecting this 
duty to be confined & otherwise punished, as the General shall 
think proper. 

2nd. That the Barrack Master General be directed to order one 
of his Assistants, or some other person acquainted with such 
Houses as have soldiers in them, to visit them at least three times 
a week, & make report to the General or the Town Major, to be 
laid before the General every visiting day, of the State in which 
they find such Houses, specifying every House, and the Captain's 
name, which they may find Dirty, particularly with Human or- 
dure, in the House, out-houses, or yard. 

3rd. That the Town Major be ordered to visit such Houses as 
ofteu as his other duties will permit, as a Check on the Officers 
aud Assistants Barrack Masters, and report accordingly to the Gen- 
eral and this Council. 

4th. That the Town Major furnish the Barrack Master with a 
sufficient number of Copies of the above orders, that each Assis- 
tant may be provided with one, and Communicate the same to the 
officers and men they shall from time to time quarter in this City. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 145 



In Council of Safety, March 12th, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

DAVID MTTENHOUSE, V. P. 

Owen Biddle, Sam'l C. Morris, 

Sam'l Morris, Sen'r, Joseph Blewer, 

George Gray, Wm. Lyon. 

Joseph Dean, 
Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay George Reinhart, for porter- 
age of Cannon, Carriages, Plank, &ca., £2Q 9 0, to be charged to 
Congress. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Joseph Mather £44 16 5, for 
boarding, Cloathing, & Schooling Moses Kirkland, from 8th May, 
1776, to 8th March, 1777, to be charged to Congress. 



In Council of Safety. 

Philadelphia. March 13th, 1777. 
present : 
DAVID RITTENHOUSE, V. P. 

Owen Biddle, Joseph Dean, 

Geo. Gray, Samuel Morris, Sen'r, 

Sam'l Cad. Morris, Wm. Lyon. 

Resolved, That a Smith's Shop be erected at or near the Public 
Works now in the Possession of this Board, the Corner of Chest- 
nut and Fifth' Streets, and a sufficient Quantity of Iron and Coals 
be purchased for that purpose, and that a master workman be en- 
gaged to Superintend the same. 

And that Joseph Dean be empowered to engage a suitable per- 
son, as soon as possible. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay for Drum Snares, Sticks, &ca., 
&ca., £10 11 9. 

Moses Young was directed to pay Geo. Putz £6 4, for 8 Pair of 
Shoes, a 15s. 6 p Pair. 

Moses Young was directed to pay James Galbreath £8 12 2£, 
for 36£ yards Coarse Linnen, a 4s. 9. 

Moses Young was directed to pay Robert M'Curdy £19 4, for 
24 Pairs Shoes, a 16s. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay James Lynch £60 18 6, for 
Rammers and Spunge heads, Tomkins & Bottoms, deliver'd Dav'd 
Pancoast, to be charged to Congress. 

Moses Young was directed to pay John Scott £13 10, for 27 
yards Flannel, a 10s. p yard. 
VOL. xi. — 10. 



146 MINUTES OF THE 

Moses Young was directed to pay James Galbreath £50 13 3f 
for Coarse Linnen and Linsey. 

Moses Young was directed to pay John Ross £14 16 7£, for 
19f y'ds white Swanskin, a 13s. 6, and 3 Pair Hose, a 10s. 

Moses Young was directed to pay Joseph Ross £16 14 8i, for 
89 i y'ds Tow Linnen, a 3s. 9 p yard. 

Resolved, That Mr. Jacob S. Howell be allowed thirteen Shil- 
lings per day for his Services as Secretary to this Council. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Nesbitt, in favour of Mr. Jacob S. 
Howell, £92 5, being in full for his services as Secretary to this 
Council. 

Moses Young was directed to pay Frederick Snider £& 10, for 
his attendance on the Council from the 1st of March untill the 
11th, inclusive, a 10s. p day. 

Moses Young was directed to "pay Geo. Ginther £8 15, for his 
wages as an Express. 

Mr. Nesbitt was directed to pay Styner & Cist, £16 5 6, the 
amo't of their acco't for Printing done for the Council. 



Pennsylvania War Office, ") 
21st April, 1777. j 

Resolved, That Francis Richardson, Reynold Keene, Colberson 
Read, Ja's Biddle & Henry Haller, or any three of them, be appointed 
Commissioners for the County of Berks, to audit & Settle the 
Accounts of the Militia & flying Camp of the said County, for 
Arms & accoutrements purchased by the Officers of those Corps, 
and the property of persons lost in actual Service. Also the Ac- 
counts of those persons who have been killed, died in the service 
of the States, or were made prisoners. 

INSTRUCTIONS : 

Gentlemen : 

As the individuals in your County who have rendered service to 
the public & suffer'd losses in Consequence thereof, meet with diffi- 
culties in getting their accounts, settled by reason of their great 
distance from this City, we therefore have appointed you to audit 
& Settle their respective accounts, and that justice may be done 
both to the Public & other parties, we request that you will qualify 
all persons to their several Accounts ; and where any persons who 
have had demands on the public are deceased, that you obtain proper 
certificates and other authentic documents, that the persons who 
make claim on their behalf are the proper representatives of such 
persons ; many frauds have been practiced against the public ; we 
would therefore recommend it to you, to scrutinize, with great ex- 
actness, the several Accounts that may be laid before you, that 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 147 

strict justice may be done to the Public and the claimants. As it is 
unreasonable that any persons should give their time and Labour 
to the public without reward, you are to be allowed perhaps 12s 
p'r Diem for every day's service which you shall perform in this 
business. 



MEMORANDUM, 

AS FOUN35 IN 



COUNCIL BOOK, NO. 8, 

FROM 

DEC. 31, 1776, to MARCH 17, 1777. 



Dec'r 31st, 1776. 

A Request Sent to the Council of Safety to Supply 1 Serg't, 45 
Privates, with necessaries to Return to Camp to-morrow, under the 
Command of Colin Coke, Lieut, of the 6th Virginia Reg't, from 
their Sick Quarters. 

William Edwards, in the House of Bedford Sadler, a Bucket for 
the use of the sick. 

2 Blankets for Jos. McWilliams & William Jones, in Shields' 
House, Sick* 



Jan'y, 1st, 1777. 

Matthias Rusler, at W'm Smilers's, the Corner of Seventh & 
Arch Street, Sick. Advanced 15s, belong'g to Capt. Nelson. 

2 Orders for Coffins to Mr. Carpenter, 1 in Taylor's Alley, 1 in 
Semple's Store. 

John Thatcher, of Col. Weedon's Batt 3d Virg'a, A White 
Shirt. 

Gave Orders to Mr. Roosen, the Barrack Master, Genres assis't, 
for f Cord of Wood to each of the 4 Following Sick Quarters : 
Semple's Store, Sproat's Store, Opposite Do., & McElroy, also | 
to John Shield's House, for 47 Sick. 

Cuthbert Williamson, of Col. Hasilet' Batta'n, a Shirt. 

Gave Matthias Sheirey, of Major Hayes' Batta'n of the Flying 
Camp, 3s 9. Drew Rations of the Commissary 3 Days for Do. 

One Lieu't, 1 Serg't, 6 Privates, of Capt. McCormal's Corop'a. 
Col. Wat's Battall'n, in Bedford's House, 2d Street. 



150 MINUTES OF THE 

Aq order to Jasper Carpenter for a Coffin, at Mr. Smeiler'a 
House, the Corner of Seventh & Arch Streets j Matthias Hesland, 
a Soldier, Batt'n unknown. 



Jan'y 2d, 1777. 

Gave to a poor Distress'd Widow of a Soldier, 2s 6. 

Gave to Geo. Sine, of €ol. Ash's Bat'n, Peter Trine & Geo. 
Shaffer, of Col. Kichline, 5s each. 15. 

John Jett, of Capt. Morris's Comp, 8 Virg'a Battalion, a p'r 
Shoes <fc Stockings. 

Rob't Kelly, the 6th Yirg'a Reg't, p'r Shoes, Stock'gs & Shirt. 

P'd for Vegetables 2s 6, six Cups 3s, a Bucket 4s. 

John Sears, of Smallwood's Batt'l, P'r Shoes & Shirt. 

Mary Traker, Employ'd as Nurse at John Shields*. Also, Mary 
Brown, in the Same Station, lives at Jas. Seeman's. 

Col. Melchor, Barrack Master Gen'l, Releas'd the Committee of 
the 77 Sick return'd Pris'ners, under the Care of Serj't Wilson, 
& he i3 accordingly discharg'd from that Service. 

Rec'd a Gun, Bajonet, & CartoUch Box, of Chris'n Hosier, of 
Col. Swoop's Battallion. 



Jan'y 3d, 1777. 

Gave John Sears, of Col. Smallwood's Batal'n, 5s, he going, by 
permission, to New Town, Maryland, till he gets well. 

Gave to John Copper, of Col. Smallwood's Batal'n, Capt. Va- 
zey' Comp'y, p'r Lining Breeches, Shoes, Stockings, Shirt & Blan- 
ket. 

To Charles Spangler, of Capt. Allbright's Comp'y, Col. Miles' 
Bat'ln, p'r Stockings. 

To Sam'l Shaw, of Col'n Montgomery's Reg't, P'r Shoes. 

P'd Unity McKinzie, for Nursing k laying out a Sick Soldier, 
7s 6. 

Gave 2 distress'd Soldiers, return'd Pris'ners from York, Wil- 
liam Crawford, of the 5 Virginia Batt'n, a P'r Shoes j p'd for 2 Q't 
Muggs, Sugar 15s. 

Tho's Kilpatrick, Col. Montgomery Battalion, a Blanket. 

3 Soldiers near Doctor Weed's. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 151 



- Jan'y 4th, 1777. 

Marg't Tryon, Corner of Shippen Street, applys for a Nurse. 

Also, a woman next door to the widow Gash. 

Paid, for Indian Meal, 16s. 

Charles Spangler, of Col. Miles' Battalion, a shirt & Blanket- 
James Ford, of Col. Durgy's Battal., a P'r Stock'gs. 

Orders to the Assistant Barrack Master. 

3-4 Cord wood in Norris's Alley. 

3-4 Do. Shields. 

3-4 Do. McElroy. 

3-4 Do. to Mr. Sneider's in Front Street. 

Rich'd Sims, of 3 Virginia Battall., Shoes & Stock'gs. 

William McCullock, Do. Shoes. 

Gave 2 poor Soldiers 2s 6. 

Drew Rations for Benja. Belcher of Col. Hausaker of the Dutch 
Battalion, for 21 days. 

Jacob Jeffries of Gen'l Small wood s Battalion. 

A Prisoner from New York, sent by order of Major Peter Ad- 
ams, and Brought by Lieut. Peal in Chancery Lane, to be particu- 
larly taken Care of, is placed at Mr. Shneider's, under Care of 
Doctor Weede. 



Jan'y 6th, 1777. 

An order to Jasper Carpenter for John Amesberger of CoL 
McAllister's Batt'n, a Coffin. 

Drawn Rations for 10 Days for Rees Jones, of Col. Hall's 
Battal'n. 

Drawn Rations for 3 men at McElroy's, 1 of Col. Hall's, 1 of 
Col. Weedon's, and one of Col. Smallwood's, for 3 Days. 

Geo. Greenville, of Col. Smallwood's Batt'n, Recommended to 
Lieut. Peel. 

Paid for taking 4 Sick Soldiers to Better'g House, 7s. 6. 

Return to the Dep'y Quarter Master for 3 Camp Kettles for 20 
men of Col. Lawson's Battal. in Pine Street. 

Sent 2 sick of the Small Pox to the Bettering House, to D'r 
Young's Ward, and p'd for carrying them, 5s. 

Drew Rations for 2 men of Col. McDugals Battal. for 9 Days, 
John Malloway, John Neil. 

Receiv'd from each of the above a Gun, Bayonet, Cartouch Box, 
&c. 

John Edinburgh, of the 6th Virginia Reg't, Capt. Toll, a shirt 
& Blanket. 

Leo. Bridger of the 4th Virginia Reg't, a P'r Shoes. 



152 MINUTES OF THE 

Paid for Balm Sage, &ca, 6s. 

To a Soldier's poor sick wife & 2 Children, 17 6, Doct'r Glent- 
worth's small Pox Hospital, 2 Doors above Peter Knight's. 

John Jett of the 3d Virginia Regim't, Shoes, Stock'gs, Shirts* 
Robert Currey of 76th Do. Stock'gs & Shirt. 



Jan'y 7th, 1777. 

Drawn Rations for 8 Days, for a Sick Soldier belong'g to the 
Delaware BattalPn quartered in Norris Alley. 

Andrew Beck a p'r of Stockings. 

Hannah Smith went to Nurse in Pine Street. 

David Burtle of Col. Hall's Battal., a p'r of Stock'gs. 

Ordered $ Cord of Wood at Shield's, \ a Cord in Pine Street. 
I a Cord at Bedford's, § a Cord in Norris alley. 

| a Cord at xMcElroy's. 

Drew Rations for 6 Days for 4 of Col. Hands' & 1 of Col. 
Montgomery's Bat. 

Rec'd a Gun and Bayonet belonging to Ephraim Gundy by the 
Hands of Zabulon Woodroff, of Major Hand in the Jersey. 

And order to Mr. Carpenter for a coffin, for a soldier who died 
en Board of a Shallop coming from Camp at Trenton. 

P'd for taking 2 Soldiers to the Hospital in y e Small Pox, 5s. 
1 Gave Charles Burnet, late of Col. Hall's Batt'n, Capt* Maccu- 
bin, a discharg'd soldier, to return home, 7s 6. 

Gave to supply a Poor Soldier with some Necessaries, in the 
Small Pox, 2s. 6. } Settled. 
Andrew Beck, 7s. 6. $ Mary Orchard, for Nur'g. 



Jan'ry 8th, 1777. 

Gave Isaac Sterling, of Col. Smallwood's Batalion, one Shirt. 

An order to Mr. Carpenter for a Coffin for James Hill, Battal, 
Unknown. 

A n order to Do. for a Coffin for Edward McGurney, of 
in Evan Morgan's house on the Commons. 

A Cord of Wood to Shields, Drawn upon the Barrack Mas. 

Wm. Bradley of Col. Miles' Battal., a Blanket. 

Drew Rations for 3 Days for three Men, two of Col. Miles' & 1 
of Col. Smallwood's Battal'n. \ 

Drew Rations for 8 days for John Hitchcock, his wife & child, 
of y e 3d Battal'n, Virg'a. 

Paid for Sweep'g 5 Chimneys 5s, 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 153 

Brew 6 Gamp Kittles of the Quarter Mast'r. 

Sent 1 camp Kettle to McElroy's. 

John Hithcock, of 3d Virgin'a Batt'n, a Blanket. 



Jan'y 9th, 1777. 

Uziah Woods of Col. Atlee's Batt'n, a P'r Stockings. 

Gave Samuel Grimes of Col. Montgoin'y's Batt., Shoes & 
Shirt. 

Gave Isaac Stirling, to Return to Maryland to recover his sick- 
ness (belon'g to Gen'l Smallwood's Battal'n,) lis. 3d. 

Gave , of Col. Miles' Battal'n, 

shirt and stockings. 

Gave an order for 4 half cords of fire wood, & An order to the 
Commissary for 3 men of the 5th Virginia Batt'n, for 3 Days, Capt, 
Tyrel, at McElroy. 

Gave John Brown & John Henderson, 2 soldiers in the Work- 
house, a Blanket each. 

Ordered a load of Wood in Pine Street, Do. at Shields'. 

Gave Timothy Kelly, who is under Pass of Gen'l Sullivan to go 
to Baltimore, a P'r of Shoes, Stockings & Shirt, and 5s. 



Jan'y 10th. 

Mary McVey apply s for a Nurse; lives near Mr. Musgraves\ 

Gave an order for 4 half cords fire wood, &c. 

Rec'd a Gun & Cartouch box of Thom-as Shorts, late of CoL 
Weiden's Batta'l, (Now deceased), with a Cartouch Box. 

Ordered a Load of Wood in 7th Street ; a Load Do. in Chesnut 

Gave Mary Kingsland, for taking care of a Sick Woman, a Dis- 
tressed Woman drove out of New York, Living in Biddle's Alley, 
10s. 

Drew Rations for 3 Men for 3 Days, one of Col. Hall's, one of 
Col. Smallwood's & one of Col. Weeden's Batt'n, at McElroy's, 

Gave Andrew Beck 7s. 6. 

Drew an order llth for 4 half cords Fire Wood, which was re- 
ceiv'd 3 this Day & the other the 15th ; paid for writing paper 2e. 
lOp. 

Drew Rations for 2 Men of Col. Miles' Battalion for 3 Days, 
McElroy's. 

Drew Rations for 8 Men for 4 Days, part of the 4th Virginia Bat- 
tall'n. 

Lent Hannah Smith, Nurse at McElroy's, a Blanket. 

Drew Rations for John Keas, of Capt. Bower's Comp'y, for 5 
Days past* 



154 MINUTES OF THE 

Drew Rations for 3 Men for 5 Days, of Col. Scott's. 

Drew Rations for 2 Men 7 Days (to y e 13th) of Col. Mc- 
Dugall's. 

Gave Mary McVeigh, Nurse at the small Pox Hospital in Vine 
Street, 2s. 6d., to buy Sugar. 

P'd Susannah Mosson for 3 a Pound of Lint for Doctor Glent- 
worth, for Wounded Soldiers, 7s. 6. 



Jan'y 13th, 1777. 

Drawn Rations for Rees Jones, of Col. Hall's Batt'n, for S 
days back. 

Do. for Duncan McGinly, 4 Days, a Return'd Pris'ner from New 
York. 

Do. for 4 Days for 3 men of 5th Virg'a Reg't. 

Paid for Molasses for McElroy's 2s. 6. 

Paid Mary McVeigh for Necessaries for Small Pox > 3s. 9. 
Hospital in Pine Street. 5 Settled. 

An order to J. Carpenter for a Coffin for John Coleman, of 
the 

Gave George Chapman, of Col. Lawson's Batt'n, 4th Virg'a ; 
Capt. Washington, a Shirt. 

Drew Rations for 3 Men of Col. Miles', 

1 of Col. Montgomery's, 

1 of Col. McGaw's Battal'ns. 

Gave John Thatcher a Blanket. 

Paid for hailing Wood, &c, ) 3s. 6. 

I Settled,, 



Jan'y 14th, 1777- 

Paid to John Reily, of Col, Montgomrie's Battal, Capt. Miller, 
7s 6. 

Drew Rations for 2 Men, 3 Days, of Col. Miles' Batt, at Mc~ 
Elroy's. 

Drew Rations for 2 Women, Hester McCormick & Elizb'h 
Evans, Wives of 2 Men of Col. Miles' Batt'n, from Nov. 16th to 
this Date. 

Gave Wm. Nixon, of Col. Smallwood'a Batt'n, a pair Stockings 
& Shoes. 

An order for a Coffin for Wm. Mills, a Soldier in 6 Virg'a 
Reg't. 

Gave John Hall, of the 4th Virg'a Batt'n, a p'r Stock'gs. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. I* 5 

Drew Rations for 3 Men for 2 Days, 1 of Col. Hall's, one of Col. 
Haselet's, & 1 of Col. Weeden's. 

Order' d 4 Loads of Wood for Sick Quarters, yesterday. 

Do. 4 Do. this day. 

Rec'd None, applied for by Wm. Derrack. 

Gave Hugh Kain, of the 1st Batt'n of Musquettry. 

Col. Atlee a p'r Shoes, & to his Wife a Blanket. 

Paid for Sundry Expences 10s. 



Jan'y 15th, 1777. * 

Paid James Guy for hailing a Cord of Wood, 4s, Settled. 
Rec'd a Return to the Council of Safety, made by Doctor Young 
& Benj'n Paschall, by their order. 

Benj'n Paschal, Dec, 16, 425 

Doc'r Young, 20, 347 

Total, 772 > T ,, m2 

From Which to this Day, ^ 400 S 

All under the Inspection of the Board* 

Drew Rations for a Sick Soldier, his Wife & Child, of the Dela- 
ware Batt'n, for 8 Days. 

Do. for 1 Man of Col. Miles' & 1 of Col. Smallwopd's Batt'n. 

An order for a Coffin for Bedney Talford. 

Also Rec'd of Spencer Anderson a Gun & Cartouch Box, of the 
Deceas'd. 

Drew an order on the Barrack Master for 4 Loads of Wood. 

An order for a Coffin for Tho's Buckner, of the 4th Virg'a Regi- 
ment. 

Mr. Paschall a p'r Shoes & Stockings, for a Soldier of the 1st 
Batt, Crawford's Oomp'y — Paid Expences. 



Jan'y 17th, 1777. 

Gave Duncan McGinly, of Col. Montgomerie's Batt'n, a Re- 
turn'd Pris'ner from New York, in order to proceed home, 5s. 

Gave Rees Jones, late of Col. Hall's Battl'n, of the Flying 
Camp, to go home, 7s 6. 

Drew Rations for 2 Men, 3 Days, of Col. Miles' Batt'n. 

Bought I a Cord of Wood, deliver'd at the Door, 25s. 

Paid for Sawing half a Cord of Wood, Is 6. 

Paid for Sweeping Chimney, Is 3. 

Receiv'd a Box of Candles, 54 lb, of Mr. Badge. 

Rec'd a Musquet of Alex. Birk, marked W. W. 

Return'd the above to himself, Feb'y 27th. 



156 MINUTES OF THE 



Jan'y 18th, 1777, 

An order for a Coffin, Marshall of the 6th Virg'a Reg't, Sign'dl 
by Capt. Leech. v 

Paid for Sweeping a Chimney, Is. 

Confirm'd a Return for Rations, for Wm. Singleton, for 6 days 
in Capt. Prowell's Company of Carpenters, Drawn by the Serg't 
of the Comp'a. 

Gave William Nices, of Col. Bull's Batt'n, a prisoner from New 
York, 2s 6— Settled with the Treas'r. 

Drew Rations for John Sleas, of Capt. Brewster's Co, 7 Days. 

Gave to a Soldier, gone to Camp, a p'r of Shoes. 

Drew Rations for Mullowny & John Neill, of Col. Miles 7 

Batt'n, 7 Days. 

Drew Rations for 7 days, for Sani'l Singleton, of the 4th Vir- 
ginia Reg't. 

Rec'd a Waggon Load of Wood from the B. Master. 

Paid for Sawing i a Cord of Wood, bought at the Door. 



Jan'y 19, 1777. 

Drew Rations for a Sick Man of Capt. Hugg's Artillery, 3 daye. 
Do. 1 Man. 



Jan'y 20th, 1777. 

An order to Receive David Burden into the Bettering House, ol 
Col. Hall's Batt'n, with the Itch. 

2 orders for Coffins to Pine Street Small Pox House, 3d Virg'a 
Batt'n. To Jasp'r Carpenter, 1 order for 1 of Col. McGaw's, a 
return'd Pris'ner from New York, at Shields's. To Jasper Car- 
penter, Came into town last Night. 

Agreed with Isabella Redman to Nurse Jeremiah Loe, of Capt, 
Francis Proctor's Compa., for 2 Weeks, at 205 ^ Week. 

Drew Rations for 2 Men 3 Days, of Col. Miles's Batt'n. 

An Order to the assis't Barrack Master for a Load of Wood to 
Pine Street Small Pox Hospital. 

An Order to the Pennsyl'a Hospital for John Hopwood, of Coh 
Rawlin's Batt'n, a Wounded Pris'ner from N. Y. 

Sign'd by JACOB SHOEMAKER. 

Gave Nurse Traker at Pine Street hospital for Sundries 79 6. 

Rec'd of Wm. Bellamy 13 Rifle Guns, belonging to the 3 Vir- 
ginia Reg't, Col. Weedon. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 157 

Paid for some Coffee for 2 distress' d Prisoners from York, 
2s 6. 

Paid Mr. Bock, 7s 6. 

Paid for Molasses, Is 3. 

Drew Rations for John Thatcher & 1 other of 3 Virginia Batt'n, 
for 3 Days. 

Drew Rations for Wm. Bradley and 1 other of Col. Miles' 
Batt'n. 



Jan'y 21st. 

Paid Tim'y Fisher, for Sawing a Cord of Wood, 5s. 

Drew Rations for 3 men 4 days, Geo. Nelson, John Scott and 
Traverse Finglad, of Col. Weedon's Batt'n. 

Rec'd a Gun and Cartouch Box belonging to a Soldier (Dead) late 
of Capt. Lucas's Comp'y of the 4th Virg'a Reg't. 

Rec'd of William Bellamy, of the 3d Virgin'a Reg't, 2 Rifle Guns, 
5 Pouches & homes, 2 Pouches only. 



Jan'y 22d. 

Paid Andrew Beck, 7s 6. 

Do. Nurse, Mary Thraker, at the Small Pox hospital in Pine 
Street, 5s for Necessaries. 

Rec'd a Load of Wood from Mr. Masters, 3s 4. 

Rec'd Do. Do. 3s 4. 

Rec'd 9 Muskets & 6 Bayonets from Barrel's House, & 2 Car- 
touch Boxes. 

Received 32 Muskets, 12 Bayonets & 14 Cartouch Boxes from 
Carpenter's Hall. 

Rec'd 3 Muskets, 3 Bayonets, Do. Cartouch Boxes, from Shields. 

Rec'd 6 Muskets, 4 Bayonets, 6 Cart'h Boxes, from the House 
opposite Burnes' Tavern, of the 4th Virg'a Reg't. 

Rec'd 5 Muskets, Do. Cartouch Boxes, 2 Bayonets, from Mc- 
Elroys. 

Paid Philip Springer for hailing the above Guns from Several 
Houses to the office, 7s 6. 

Gave an Order to the Bettering house to Receive Wm. Walker^ 
of the 11th Reg't, now at Mr. Binders. 

Note — Mr. Hugh James had an order yesterday Morn'g to Re- 
move him but has neglected. 

Gave David Burton, late of Col. Hall's Battall'nj to go home to 
Virginia, by order (Capt. Leech, Mr. Stillic) 15s. 

Paid for Sawing 2 Load of Wood 1£ Cord, 6s. 



158 MINUTES OF THE 



Jan'y 23d. 

Rec'd of Wm. Scott, a Soldier late of Col. Watts* Battall'n of the 
Flying Camp, a Rifle Gun. 

Drew Rations for 2 Men 3 Days, of Col. Miles' Batt. 

Sent an Order to Wm. Peters, to Receive 2 men of Col. Hands' 
Battal'n, Capt. Doyle's Co. 

Receiv'd | Cord of Wood from Mr. Masters. 

Drew Rations from Wm. Crawford of the 5th Virg'a Batt. 

Paid Nurse Traker for the Small Pox hospital, 5s. 

Rec'd of Mr. Masters f Cord of Wood. 

Receiv'd from the Nurse at the Hospital opposite the Sign of 
Noah's Ark, one New Musket, Mark'd Pennsylvania, County. 

Paid for Sawing the above, 1 J Cord Wood, 6s 3. 

Gave Mr. Beck, 2s 6. 

Rec'd a Rifle Gun, Pouch & Home, from Sam'l Davis, of Col. 
Scott's Batt. 

Rec'd from Mr. Masters f Cord Wood. 

2 Young men of Gen'l Stevens' Brigade, Sam'l Davis & his Com- 
rade having been discharg'd under the Hand of Doct'r James 
Holmes from the Bettering house, and not knowing where to lie 
or to draw Rations, were Receiv'd under the Care of this Board. 



Jan'y 24th, 1777. 

Rec'd of Spencer Anderson, a Gun, Cartridge Box & Bayonet, 
of 3d Virg'a Batt. 

Rec'd of Vester Moss, a Gun and Cartouch Box of the 3d Virg'a 
Reg't. 

Drew Rations 8 Days for Hetty Noland, widow of Michael No- 
land, late of Col. Smallwood's Batt. 

Drew Rations for 16 Men of Gen'l Stevens' Brigade, for 3 Days, 
en the Bank in Front Street. 

Do. for 3 men, 4 Days, of Col. Weedon's Batt'n. 

Paid John Wilson, for Putting up Advertisements round the 
City, to Secure the arms of Sick or Dead Soldiers, 10s. 



Jan'y 25th, 1777. 

Drew Rations for Benj'n Betcher, of the German Batt'n, 7 Days. 
Drew Rations for Mullowny & Neil, fcr 3 Days, of Col. McDu- 
gal's Batt'n. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 159 

Drew Rations for 3 men of Col. Weedon's Batt'n, for 2 Days. 

Do. for John Sleas, of Capt. Bowers' Co. of Militia, 7 Days. 

Do. for Sam'l Singleton, 7 Back & 7 to Come, Rations of the 
4th Virg'a Batt'n. 

Returned to John Mullowny & John Neil their Guns, &c., they 
having a Pass from Gen'l Gates to go to Head Quarters at Morris 
Town, & Gave them 10s. 

P'd Andrew Beck £3 12 6. 

Gave an Order for a Coffin. 

Paid Nurse Thraker, of the Small Pox Hospital, 10s. 

Gave an Order for Wood, for 4 Men in the Small Pox, in Chests 
nut Street, of Col. Weedon's Batt'n. 

Gave Hetty Noland, Widow of Michael Noland, Deceas'd, of Col. 
Smallwood's Batt'n, 15s, and a p'r of Shoes. 

Paid for taking 2 Wheelbarrows of Wood to the Small Pox Hos- 
pital in Pine Street, Is 3. 



Jan'y 27th, 1777. 

Drew Rations for 12 men, 3 Days, of Gen'l Stevens' Brigade in 
front Street. 

Yesterday, Order to Mr. Carpenter for a Coffin for Jos. Par- 
sons, of the 3d Virg'a Reg't. 

Do. for James Floyd, of Capt. Ranckin's Co. of New Castle Mi- 
litia, Coloured & Seperate Grave. 

Rec'd Jos. Parsons', above mentioned, Gun & Cartouch Box. 

Rec'd a Gun of Wm. Malton. ), ., . OJ ir • • -d u 

Do. & Cartouch Box of Benj'n. t bo * ° f 3 * V "%™ Re S *• 
Bristol. \ i" the Small Pox. 

Do. Do. & Bayonet of Fewel Philberts, Do. Deceas ? d. 

Rec'd 3 Guns, 4 Bayonets, 8 Cartouch Boxes, from Shields' 
House. 

Rec'd 1 Gun, Bayonet & Cartouch Box from Do. 

Drew A General order for Wood, to be Deliver'd to Mr. John. 
Hart. 

Drew Rations for 3 Men, 2 Days, of the 3d Yirg'a Reg't. 

Do. for 4 Days for Wm. Crawford, of the 5th Do. 

Rec'd 3 Guns & 4 Bayonets from Mr. Adcocks, Settled with Mr, 
Marshall. 



Jan'y 28. 

Paid Nurse Traker for Necessaries, 5s. 

Drew Rations for 6 men ot the 4th Yirg'a Reg't, & 4 of the 3d 
Yirg'a Reg't, in the Small Pox, 6 Days. 



160 MINUTES OF THE 

Drew Rations for 15 men, 4 Days, to the 29th Inst., of the 3d 
Virg'a Batt'n. 

Ditto for 3 men, 7 Days, of Do. Batt, to the 3d Feb. Included. 
Receiv'd G Guns from the Corner of Cherry Alley. 
16 Do. from Front Street. 
10 Do. from Mr. Hart's. 
3 Do. from Pine Street, the 6th Batt'n. 
Drew Rations, 30 Days, for Tho's Turner, of the Delaw'e Batt. 

Do. Tho's Bailey, of 4th Virg'a Reg't. 

Gave Tho's Turner, a p'r of Shoes & Stockings. 
Tho's Bailey, a P'r Shoes. 

Paid Hetty Noland, for attending and laying out James Floyd, 
of Capt. Rankin's Company of Newcastle Militia, 7s 6. 



Jan'y 29th, 1777. 

Paid Joseph Stout, for a Bushel of Indian Meal, lis 5. 

Drew Rations for Wm. Bradley, Adam Grouse & wife, 3 Days, 
Col. Miles's Batt'n. 

Drew Rations for Geo. Nelson & Wm. Leech, 3 Days, of the 3d 
Virg'a Batt'n. 

Gave Nurse Traker 7s 6. 

Drew Rations for John Scott and Traverse Finlade, 3 Days, 3d 
Virg'a Reg't. 

Rec'd f Cord of Wood from the Barracks. 

Paid for Sawing | Cord Wood 3s 6. 

Drew Rations for John Thatcher, 4 Days, of the 3d Virg'a Reg't. 

Rec'd of Geo. Staley a Gun, Bayonet and Cartouch Box, belong'g 
to Nath'l McKenny, of the 4th Virg'a Batt'n, Capt. Lucas's Co. 

Paid for Sawing £ a Cord Wood 2s 6. 



Jan'y 30th, 1777. 

Receiv'd 7 Bayonets, 5 Cartouch Boxes, from Sick Quarters in 
Front Street. 

Rec'd a Gun & Cartouch, from John Tillis. 

Rec'd Do. Do. from James Vaughan, all 4 of the 3d 
Virg'a Reg't, Col. Weedon. 

Gave Nurse Traker at the Small Pox Hospital, 7s 6. 

Drew Rations for 4 Days for 11 men of the 4th Virg'a Batt'n. 

Rec'd 1£ Cord of Wood from Mr. Masters. 

P'd James Roberts for Sawing some Big Logs at the Small Pox 
Hospital in Pine Street, Is 3. 

Rec'd a Gun, Bayonet, Cartouch Box & Blanket, belonging to 
, of the 4th Virg'a Batt'n, Col. Lawson. 



COUNCIL OP SAFETY. 161 



Jan'y 31st, 1777. 

Gave an order for a Coffin for y e James Kennedy, of the 8d Virg'a 
JReg't. 

Kec'd f Cord of Wood from Mr. Masters, sent to Pine Street. 

Drew Rations for 10 Men 4 Days, to the 2d Feb., for 3d Virg'a. 
Batt'n. 

Gave Thomas Tracy of the Delaware Batt'n, a Pair of Shoes* 

Rec'df Cord of Wood from Mr. Masters at the office. 

Paid for Hailing some Guns from Several Places, 5s. 

Do. for Hailing Some Straw from Mr. Bulls', 10s. 

Drew Rations for Tiro's Turner & Tho's Baily, 6 days, to the 3d 
of Feb'y Inclusive, 4th Virg'a Batt'n. • 

Do. for Wm. Crawford 4 Days, of the '5th Virg'a Batt'n. 

Kec'd If Cord Wood from Mr, Masters. 



Feb'y 1st, 1777. 

Gave an order for a Coffin for Peter Taylor of the 3d Virg'a 
Batt'n. 

Drew Rations for 3 Days for Wm. Bradley, Adam Grouse' k 
wife, of Col. Miles's Batt'n" 

Drew Rations for Wm. Wilcox, Eliz McDonald, Sarah Burk, 
of Capt. Bell's Comp., 4th Virg'a Batt'n. 4 Days. 

Drew Rations for John Kelley, 4 Days, for the fourth Virg'a 
Batt'n, Capt. Bell. 

Drew Rations for John Thatcher k 5 others, 4 Days, of the 3<i 
Virg'n Batt'n. 

Drew an order for Wood to the ass't Barr'k Mast'r, for 6 Met* 
In the Small Pox, in Chestnut Street. 

Settled with Mary Traker, and paid her to the 31st ult. 

Gave Mary Traker for Necessaries, 7s 6. 

Drew 4 Days' Rations for Sam'l Singleton, of the 4th Virg'a 
Eegiment. 



tfeVy 3d, 1777. 

$)rew Rations for 17 Men, two Days, of the 4th Virg'a Batt'n 
Do. for Tho's Dean, for 10 Days Back, Col. Knox's Batt'n. 
The above being Blind & Lame, procured him a pass to head 
Quarters, & gave him by order 7s 6. 
Drew Rations for 10 Men, 4 Days, of the 4thVirg 9 a Reg't 
TOE*, xi.— TL 



, 



162 MINUTES OF THE 

Do. for David Rice, John Thompson & John Horton, 4 DaySj 
the 3d Virg'a Batt'n. 

Do. 4 Days, for 13 Men of the 3d Virg'a Batt'n, 

Do. 4 Days for 6 of the 3d & 7 of the 4th, Do. in the Small 
Pox. 

Do. 3 Days, Col. Lawson, 2 Men. 

Do. 3 Days for Edmund Ingles, of the 4th Virg'a Batt'n. 

Do. 30 Days for Charles Graham, Capt. Bell, 4th Virg'a Reg't- 

Gave an order for a Coffin for George Kelley, belon'g to Capt, 
Courtney's Comp'y of Artillery, ^ Capt. Leech. 

Gave an order for a Coffin for ■•- -• , of the Virg'a Reg't, 

in the Small Pox Hospital, Pine Street. 

Paid for Sawing half Cord of Wood, 2s 6. 

Rec'd 2 half Cords of Wood from Mr. Masters. 



Feb'y 4th, 1777. 

Drew Rations for Win. Bradley, Adam Grouse k wife, 4 Days, 
of Col. Miles's Batt. 

Rec'd of Edmund Inglish two Guns, Bayonets & Cartouch Boxes ; 
belonging to Capt. Bell's Comp'y, 4th Tirg'a Reg't. 

Paid Michael Striber for hailing Guns from the Bettering House 
& other Hospitals, 8s. 

Rec'd 2 Cord of Wood from Mr. Masters. 

Gave Nurse Traker for Necessaries, 7s 6. 

Gave Robert Skinner of Gen'l Smallwood's Batt., a Flannell 
Jacket. 

Gave to Edmund Inglish, of the 4th Virg'a Reg't, a Blanket 



Feb'y 5th, 1777. 

Paid Andrew Beck, 3s 9. 

Drew 4 Days Rations for Traverse Finglade and 4 others, of ther 
4ih Virg'a Batt'n. 
Do. for Tho's Turner & Tho's Bailey, 4 Days, 

4th Virg'a Reg't. 
Paid Thomas Coil for sawing 2 Cord of Wood, at 4s ^ Cord, 8s- 
Drew Rations for 2 Men five Days, of Gen'l Stevens' Brigade, 3d 
Virg'a Reg't. 

Drew Rations for 5 Men 4 Days, of CoL Lawson's Batt'n, en- 
ter'd above. 

Drew Rations for Wm. Wilcox, Eliz'th McDonald & Sarah 
Burk, of Capt. Bell's Comp'a, 4th Virg'a Reg't. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 163 

Brew Rations for 36 Back Rations, for Ambrose Gresham, of the 
Sixth Virg'a Reg't. 



Feb'y 6th. 

An order to the Barrack Master for a Load of Wood to Pine 
Street. 

Drew Rations for 10 Men 4 Days, of the 4th Virg'a Reg't. 
Paid Michael Striber for Hawling a Load of Wood into Ches- 
nut Street, for 2 Sick men of Capt. Mill's Company, 2s 6. 
Paid a Negroe Man for Cleaning Shields' House, £1 2 6. 
Rec'd a Gun, Bayonet & Cartouch Box of Robert Burnes, 3d 

Virg'a Reg't Capt. 
Washington. 
Do. Do. Do. of John Cooper, of 

Capt. Wallace's Co. 3d Virg'a Reg't. 

Drew Rations for. Edmund Inglish 3 Days, of the 4th Virg'a 
Reg't. 

Gave Nurse Traker at the Small Pox Hospital, 15s* 



Feb'y7th, 1777. 

Paid Michael Striber for Hailing a Load of Wood to Pine Street, 

Drew Rations for 9 men 4 Days, of the third Virg'a Batt'n* 
Do. for 3 Men 4 Day3, of the 3d Virg'a Batt'n. 



Feb'y 8th, 1777. 

Paid Mr. Beck 7s 6. 

Paid Mr. Duff, (which was due a month ago,) 10s. 
An order for a Coffin for John Potts, a Child of Jesse Potts, in 
Capt. Ross's Comply, in the Continental Army. 

Drew Rations for 6 of the 3d, & 6 of the 4th Batt'n, for 4 
Days, from 7 to 11th included. 
Do. for Tho's Turner & Tho's Baily, 4 Days, of the 
4th Virg'a Reg't. 
P'd for a Scrubbing Brush 5s. 

Drew Rations for 18 Men for 4 Days, of the 4th Virg'a Batt'n, 
Ditto, for Wm. Bradley, Adam Grouse and wife, 4 days, 

of Capt. Miles's Batten. 
Ditto, for J~ohn Monroe & John Pritchett, 4 Days, of the 
5th Virg'a Batt'n. 



164 MINUTES OF THE 

Drew Rations for Traverse Finlade and 3 others, till the lStii 
Included, of the 3d Virg'a Batt'n. 

Rec'd from the Hospital five Muskets, three Bayonets, five Car* 
touch Boxes, Two Rifles, Pouches & Horns. 

Rec'd from Mr. Masters half a Cord Wood. 

Rec'd of Tho's Tracy of the Delaware Reg% a Gun k Bayonet. 

Gave Tho's Tracy a P'r of Stockings. 



Feb'y 10th, 1777. 

Rec'd 4 Guns & Cartouch Boxes of Sick Soldiers in 
Rec'd 2 Do. of each, 1 From a Man enlisted in another Core, and 
1 belonging to a Deceas'd Soldier. 

Drew Rations for 11 men 5 Days, of the 3d Virginia Reg't. 

Do. for Conrad Benebeck, 4 Days, of Col. Lawson's, 

Capt. Bell's Co. 
Do. for Charles Graham of said Core, 4 Days. 

Do. for Wm. Wilcox, Eliz'h McDonald, & Sarah 

Burk, 4 Days, Capt. Bell's Co., 4th Virg'a Reg't, 
from Yesterday. 
Do. for 10 men 4 Days, of Capt. Smith's Co., 4tfc 

Virg'a Reg't. 
Do. for 7 men 4 Days, of the 3d Virg'a Reg't. 

Do, for Edmond^English 4 Days, of Capt. Bell's, 4iL 

Virg'a. 
Paid Mr. Beck to this Day, Included. 
Gave Nurse Traker for Necessaries, 10s. 
Rec'd 2 Loads of Wood from Mr. Masters. 



Feb'y 11th, 1777. 

Drew Rations for 7 Men 4 Days, of the 3d Virg'a Batt'ru 

Do. 3 Men 4 Days, of the 3d Virg'a Batt'n. 

Paid for Hailing Wood to Pine Street, 2s 6, 



Feb'y 12th, 1777. 

Drew Rations for Wm. Bradley, Adam Grouse & his wife, 3 
Days, Col. Miles' Batt'n. 
Bo- for Tho's Turner & Tho's Baily 4 Days, 4tb 

Virg'a, 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 165 

Gave an order for a Coffin for a Soldier in the Hospital in Pine 
i Street. 

Drew Rations for 6 of the 4th Virg'a Batt'n, & 5 of the 3d 
Virg'a Reg't, Pine Street, 3 Days. 

Drew Rations for 7 men for 3 Days, of y'e 3d Virg'a Reg't, 
Do. for Valentine King 3 Days, of the 3d Virg'a, 

Batt'n. 
Paid for a Bushell of Indian Meal, 10s. 
Ree'd from Mr. Masters, half a Cord of Wood. 



Feb'y 13th, 1777. 

Drew Rations for 10 men 3 Days, of the 4th Virg'a R't. 

Ditto for Wm. Wilcox, Eliz'h McDonald, & Sarak 
Banks, 4 Days, of Capt. Bell's Co., 4th Virg'a 
Reg't. 
Do. for Edmond Ingiish 4 Days, of said Compa. 

Settled with Isabella Redman for Nursing &l Boarding. 
Do of Capt. Francis Proctor's Co., at 20s 18 week, 3 weeks, 
£3 0. 

Rec'd 2 Load of Wood from Mr. Masters. 



Feb'y 14th, 1777. 

Drew Rations for 10 men 4 Days, of the 3d Virg'a Reg't. 

Rec'd Three Muskets, One Bayonet, 4 Cartouch Boxes, of Benj'a 
Tercel, of the 3d Virg'a Reg't. 

Gave John Edingburgh, of the 6th Virg'a Reg't, Capt. Toles' 
Co., a p'r Stocking. 

Gave John & Benj'n Raymond, of Capfc. Miles' Compa. of 
Carpenters, to go to Camp, 7s 6. 



*Wy 15th, 1777. 

Brew Rations for 2 Days for Barnaby Boyde, of Capt. Bell's Co. , 

4th Virg'a Reg't. 
Do. for Valentine King 4 Days, of the 3d Virg'a 

Reg't. 
Do„ for 2 men 2 Days, of the 3d Virg'a Reg't. 

Do. for Wm. Bradley, Adam Grouse & Wife, 4 Days, 

of Col. Miles's Batt'n. 
Do. for 7 Men 4 Days, of the 4th Virg'a Batt'n. 



166 MINUTES OF THE 

Gave an order for a Coffin for • , of the 4th Virg'a 

Reg't, in Pine Street. 

Paid Thomas Coil for Sawing 3 Cord Wood, 12s 3. 

Drew 4 Days' Rations for 5 men of the 3d, & 5 of the 4th Vir- 
ginia Regiments. 

Gave the Nurse of the Small Pox Hospital, for Necessaries, 5s. 



Feb'y 17th, 1777, 

Drew Rations for Tho's Baily & Tho's Turner, of the 4th Virg'a 
Reg't, from 16th to 19th. 

Paid for Hailing a Load of Wood to Pine Street, 3s 9. 

Paid Mr. Beck, 6s 3. 

Drew Rations for 6 Men 3 Days, of the 4th Virg'a Reg. 

Do. for Lieut. Holmes & 3 Men of the 3d, Do. 3 

Days. 
Do. for Edmond Inglish 4 Days, Capt. Bell's Co., 4th 

Virg'a. 
Do. for Wm. Wilcox, &ca., 4 of Capt. Bell's, 4 Days. 

Do. for 8 Men 4 days, Capt. Lees Co., 3d Virg'a, 

Reg't. 
Do. for John Scott 4 Days, 3d Virg'a Batt. 

Do. for Charles Graham 7 Days, Capt. Bells' Co., 4th 

Virg. 
Rec'd from John Harvy & Wm. Gwin, of the 4th Virg'a Batt'n, 
two Muskets, 1 Bayonet, 2 Cartouch Boxes. 

Rec'd from the Widow Cunningham 1 Musket. Returned the 
sd. Musket to the owner, March 18th. 

Gave an order for a Coffin for a Soldier of Capt. Courtney's 
Compa. 

Gave Mary Commel, Nurse in the Small Pox, Pine Street, 
7s. 6. 



Feb'y 18th, 1777. 

Paid Nurse Traker Wages, 'till 15th, in full, £l 10. 
Gave Tho's Turner of Col. Haslett's Batt'n, David Hall's Compa., 
a shirt. 

Gave Mary Commel, at the Small Pox Hospital, 5s. 



Feb'y 19th, 1777. 

Gave an order for a Coffin for John Harvey, of the 4th Virg's 
Batt'n. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 167 

Drew Rations for 4 Days for 3 of Col. Miles' Batt'n, W'm 
Bradley. 
Do. for 7 men 4 Days, of the 4th Virg'a Reg't. 

Gave Thomas Cragan a Rifle Pouch &, Home, (in Lieu of his Re- 
ceiv'd by "W'm Bellany) of Capt. Ashby's Co. ? of the 3d Virg'a 
Batt'n. 
Drew Rations for 3 Days, for Tho's Turner & Tho's Baily, 
of the 4th Virg'a Batt. 
Do. for 9 for 3 Days, at the Small Pox Hospital, Pine 

Street, 4th Virg'a Batt'n. 

Gave Mary Commel, Nurse at Pine Street, 7s. 6. 



Feb'y 20th. 

Gave to James Wishart, of the 4th Virg'a Reg't, a shirt and p'r 
stockings. 

Drew 4 Days Rations for Lieut. Hemes and 3 privates of Capt. 

— ■ Co., 3d Virg'a Batt'n. 

* Do. for 5 men 4 days, of Col. Stall's Batt'n. 

Do. for 4 men & 2 Women of Capt. Bell's 

Co., 4th Virg'a Reg't. 
Do. for Edmund Inglish, 4 Days, Do. Co. k 

Reg't. 
Do. for 6 men 4 Days, 4th Virg'a Reg't, 



Feb'y 21st. 

Ditto for 8 men 4 days, Capt. Lees' Co., 4th 

Virg'a Batt'n. 
Ditto for 2 Men 2 Days, 3d Virg'a Reg't. 



22nd. 

Drew Rations for 9 men 4 Days, 6th Virg'a Reg't. 

Do. for 3 2 men, 1 woman, 4 days, Col. Miles' 

Batt'n. 1 
Do. for 2 Men 4 Days, 3d Virg'a Reg't. 

Gave Mary Commel, Nurse in Pine Street, for Necessaries, 
8s. 9d. 

Paid John Roberts, Assistant at said Hospital, 5s. 
Drew Rations for Ambrose Gresham, 15 Days Back, Serg't in 
the 6th Virg'a Reg't. 



168 MINUTES OF THE 



Feb'y 23d. 

Drew an Order for a Coffin for of the 3d Virg'a 

Reg't. 



Feb. 24th, 1777. 

Drew Rations for 6 men 3 Days, 4th Virg'a Reg't, 

Ditto. for 5 men 4 Days, Capt. Bell's Co., 4th Virg'a 

Reg't. 
Ditto for Charles Graham 7 Days, Do. Do. 

Do. for Lieut. Hemes & 3 men, 3d Yirg'a Reg't. 

Gave Nurse Traker, which she had Expended, 2s. 8. 
Do. John Cooper at the House in Pine Street, which he had 

expended during Nurse Traker's absence, 2s. 6. 
Do. to Mary Commel, Present Nurse, for Necessaries 5s., In 
ihe whole 10s. 2. 



Feb'y25th. 

Drew Rations for 2 Men of the 3d Virg'a Reg't, 4 Days. 
Do. for 1 man 6 Days, of the 3d Virg'a Batt'n, 

Do. for 2 men 4 days, of the 4th Virg'a Reg't. 

Gave Mary Commel, Nurse in the Small Pox, 3s„ 9, 



Feb'y 26th, 1777. 

Drew Rations for 7 for 3 Days, 4th Virg'a Batt'n 
Drew Rations for 3 for 3 Days, Col. Miles' Batt'n. 
Paid And'w Beck, 10s. 

Drew Rations 8 Men 3 Days, 4th Virg'a Reg't. 
Rec'd of John Dean, a Gun, Bayonet & Cartige Box belonging 
to J. Simpas, Capt. Booth's Comp'y, Head of Elk. 
Paid for Hailing Wood to the office, 7s 6. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY 160 



Feb'y 27th, 1777. 



Brew Rations for 6 men 3 Days, 4th Virg'a Reg't. 
Do. for 5 for 3 Days, of Capt. Bell's Co., Do. 

Do. for Charles Graham 4 Days, of Do. Do. 

Do. for Lieut. Hemes & 2 Men 4 Days, 3d Virg'a Reg't. 



March 1st, 1777. 

Drew Rations for 3 men 4 Days, Col. Miles' Batt'n. 

Do. for 2 Men 4 Days, of the 3d Virg'a Reg't. 

Drew Rations for 1 man 4 Days, Capt. Washington's Co., 3 
Virg'a Reg't. 

Settled with And'w Beck, and Paid him in full to Yesterday In- 
cluded, £& 13 9. 

Fd Mary Commel, nurse in Pine Street, 2 Week's Nursing, in 
full to this Day, £1 10. 

Paid for Sawing half a Cord of Wood at the Office, 2s 6. 

Drew Rations for 9 for 4 Days, of the 4th Virg'a Reg't. 



March 3d, 1777. 

Drew Rations for Cha's Graham 3 Days, of the 4th Virg'a Reg'fc, 

Capt. Bell. 
Do. for Thomas Turner & Tho's Baily, of the 4th Virg'a 

Reg't, 4 Days 
Do. for 5 men 3 Days, of the 4th Virg'a Reg't. 

Do. for 6 men 4 Days, of Do. 



March 5th. 

Drew Ration 4 Days for 2 men, 3d Virg'a Batt'n. 
Drew Do. for Valentine King, 3d Virg'a Reg't 

Paid Andrew Beck in full £1 17 6. 



March 7th. 
Paid for Saw'g Wood at Pine Street, 2s 6. 



170 MINUTES OF THE COUNCIL OP SAFETY. 



March 17th. 

Gave Wm. Clow, Drummer in Capt. Brown's Co., Col. Hufcch= 
inson (New England) Battalion, who is discharged from the Hos- 
pital to go home, 15s. 



MINUTES 



OF THE 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL 



or THE 



COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA. 



THE SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL, 



PHILADELPHIA, Tuesday March, the 4 y 1117, 

PRESENT I 

Thomas Wharton, Junior, Esquire* 
John Evans, Esquire. 
Jonathan Hoge, Esquire, 
George Taylor, Esquire, 
John Lowdan, Esquire. 
John Proctor, Esquire. 

A Quorum of the Supreme Executive Council being assembled « 
and information thereof given to the General Assembly, 

The General Assembly, by a Member, acquainted the Council 
that they are ready to proceed on an election of a President and 
Vice-President of the Supreme Executive Council, if the Council 
shall think fit to join them, And thereupon It was Agreed, 

That the Council are ready to join the General Assembly, and 
proceed to the Election of a President and Vice President of this 
Council. 

Agreed, 

That the Council will meet again at the Council Chamber to- 
morrow Morning at ten o'CSock, and report the proceedings at the 
said Election* 



tN COUNCIL, Philadelphia, Wednesday March the 5, 177?, 

PRESENT S 

Thomas Wharton, Junior, Esquire t 
George Bryan, Esquire. 
John Evans, Esquire.; 
« Jonathan Hoge, Esquire. 
George Taylor, Esquire. 
John Lowdan, Esquire, and 
John Proctor, Esquire. 
Mr, Evans Reports 5 

That the Council and General Assembly had, by joint BaSo^ 
duly and fairly elected Thomas Wharton, Junior, Esq-aire, Prefci 



174 MINUTES OF THE 

dent of this Supreme Executive Council, and also duly and fairly 
elected George Bryan, Esquire, Vice President of the same. That 
the Speaker, immediately after the Election was declared in. the 
House of General Assembly, had Administered to the President 
then chosen, the Qualifications required by the Constitution of this 
Commonwealth \ and he also Reports, 

That the Council, in conjunction with the General Assembly, had 
agreed to Publish the said Election at the Court House in this 
City this day at twelve 0' Clock, and to proclaim the President ; 
thereupon Agreed, 

That the Council will proceed to the said Publication and Pro- 
clamation accordingly, and meet again in the Council Chamber to- 
morrow Morning at ten O'Clock, and report the proceeding. 



• The Council Met. 

Philadelphia, Thursday March 6th, 1777. 
present : 
His Excellency THOMAS WHARTON, Esq'r, President. ' 
The Honorable George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President, 
John Evans, Esquire. Jonathan Hoge, Esquire. 

George Taylor, Esquire. John Lowdan, Esquire. 
John Proctor, Esquire. 

Mr. Evans Reports : 

That the Election of the President and Vice President had been 
Published at the Court House yesterday at Noon ; and that at the 
same time the President was proclaimed by the Stile and Title of 
" His Excellency Thomas Wharton, Junior, Esquire, President of 
the Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of Pennsyl- 
vania, Captain General and Commander-in-Chief in and over the 
same." 

His Excellency the President Administered the Qualifications 
directed to be taken by the Constitution of this Commonwealth to 
George Bryan, Esquire, Vice President, who Administered the said 
qualifications to all the Members of Council then Present, Viz. t 
to John Evans, Jonathan Hoge, John Lowdan, and John Proctor, 
Esq'rs. 

The Petition of Timothy Matlack being laid before the Council, 
praying to be appointed Secretary to this Council, Agreed That 
Timothy Matlack be Secretary of this Council. 

Timothy Matlack appeared and took the Affirmation required by 
the Constitution to Qualify him for his Office of Secretary of this 
Commonwealth. . . 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 175 

Ordered, That the Secretary procure drafts of Licences for Pub- 
lic House Keepers, and Commissions for the several Officers of Go- 
vernment, for the consideration of the Council. 



The Council met, 

Philadelphia, Friday March 7th, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Excellency THOMAS WHARTON, jtra'r, President, 
The Hon'ble George BRyaN, Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Evans, Jonathan Lowdan, And ~\ 

George Taylor, John Proctor, !» Esquires, 

Jonathan Hoge, ) 

The Resolve of Congress of December 11, 1776, recommending 
in the following words, Vizt: 

" Whereas, the just War into which the United States of Ame- 
rica have been forced by Great Britain) is likely to be still con- 
tinued* by the same violence and injustice which have hitherto 
animated the Enemies of American Freedom; And Whereas, it 
becomes all Public Bodies, as Well as private Persons, to reverence 
the Providence of God* and look up to him as the Supreme Dis- 
poser of all events, and the Arbiter of the Fate of Nations; There- 
fore the Congress hereby Resolve, 

" That it be recommended to all the States, as soon as possible, 
to appoint a day of Solemn fasting and humiliation, to implore of 
Almighty God the forgiveness of the many Sins prevailing among 
all Ranks, and to beg the countenance and assistance of his Provi- 
dence in the Prosecution of this just and necessary War, The 
Congress do also* in the most earnest manner, recommend to all 
the members of the United States, and particularly to the Officers* 
Civil and Military, under them, the Exercise of Repentance and 
reformation; and further do require of the said Officers of the 
Military Department, the strict observation of the Articles of War 
in general, and particularly that of the said Articles) which forbids 
Profane swearing and all other immoralities ; of Which all such 
Officers are desired to take Notice. It is left to each State to issue 
out Proclamations, fixing the day that appear most proper for their 
Beveral bounds ; * being laid before the Council, and the same being 
considered;' thereupon, 

" Ordered, That Thursday the third day of April, be appointed 
for the said purpose. A Draft of a Proclamation thereof being 
laid the Council) was read and approved) and is in the words follow- 
ing, Vizt . 



176 MINUTES OF THE 

" By the Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of 
Pennsylvania. 

"A PROCLAMATION, 

u Whereat) the Hon*ble the Continental Congress, pointing out 
to Public bodies, as well as private persons, the duty of reverene* 
ing the Providence of God, and looking up to him as the Supreme 
disposer of all events, <fe the Arbiter of the fate of Nations 3 did, 
on the 11th day of December last, resolve to recommend to the 
several States the appointment of a day of Solemn Fasting and 
Humiliation, to implore of Almighty God the forgiveness of the 
many Sins prevailing among all Ranks, and by the countenance 
and assistance of his Providence, in the prosecution of the most 
just and necessary War into which the United States have been 
forced by Great Britain, and which is still likely to be continued by 
the same violence and injustice that has hitherto animated the Ene- 
mies of American Freedom, and did, also, in the most earnest man- 
ner, recommend to all the members of the United States, and par; 
ticularly to the Officers^ Civil and Military, under them, the exercise 
of Repentance and reformation) leaving it to each State to fix on 
such day for the same as may be most proper for its bounds : 

" We, therefore, do hereby recommend to all the People of this 
Commonwealth, to observe and keep Thursday the third day of 
April next, as a day of Solemn Fasting, Humiliation, and Prayer, 
for the purposes before mentioned, of which the inhabitants of this 
State are desired to take notice. 
" Given in Council, under my hand and the Seal of the State, at 

Philadelphia, this Seventh day of March, in the Year, &c, 1777, 
"THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, President. 

"Attest — T. Matlack, Sec'y. 

"GOD SAVE THE COMMONWEALTH." 

Whereupon, 

Ordered, That the same be Published in all the Papers, English 
and German, and that Five Hundred Copies be struck off and for- 
warded by the earliest opportunity to the distant parts of the State, 
Three Hundred English and Two Hundred German. 

Adjourned to Monday next, Three O'Clock, Afternoon- 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 177 

The Council Met. 

Philad'a, Monday March 10th, 1777. 

present : 

His Excell'y THOMAS WHARTON, jute, Esq'r, President. 

The Hon'ble Geore Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Evans, Jonathan Hoge, j E squ ; res 

George Taylor, John Lowdan, ) 

John Proctor, Esq'r, and John Hubley, Esq'r, Counceller elect 
for the County of Lancaster, appeared in Council and took the Oaths 
required by the Constitution to Qualify him for the said Office, and 
thereupon took his seat at the Board. 

The Petitions of Mathew Clarkson, Paul Fooks, Steiner & Cist, 
Simon Dricebach, divers Officers of the Putnam Galley, & James 
Smith, were read and ordered to lie on the Table. 

Ordered, That the Secretary purchase Burnes' Justice, and Black- 
stone's Commentaries, for the use of the Council. 

The Council of Safety representing to this Council That the Sum 
of One Hundred Thousand Dollars is immediately wanted for the 
Paying of the necessary Current expence of the War, and request 
the same may be put into their hands : 

Thereupon Ordered, That Mr. Evans and Mr. Hubley wait on 
the Honorable House of Assembly, and inform them of the said 
Application. 

Mr, Evans & Mr. Hubley Report : 

That they had waited on the Honorable House of Assembly, and 
informed them of the application to this Council from the Council 
of Safety for a supply of One Hundred Thousand Dollars, and that 
the House were pleased to say they would take the same into their 
consideration. 

Adjourned to Ten O'Clock to-morrow Morning. 



The Council met. b 

Philad'a, Tuesday Ma'r 11, 1777, P. M. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 

John Evans, John Hubley,. *] 

Jonathan Hoge, George Taylor, I Esquires. 

John Lowdan, John Proctor, J 

Mr. Parker and Mr. Benezet, a Committee of the Hon'ble House 
of General Assembly, appeared in Council and informed the Board 

vol. xi.— 12. 



178 MINUTES OF THE 

That the House had taken into consideration the application of the 
Council of Safety for a Sum of Money, And as that body must of 
necessity continue to act for some time longer, the House recom- 
mended to the Supreme Executive Council to apply to Congress 
for the Sum of One Hundred Thousand Dollars, to be put into the 
hands of the Council of Safety, to be accounted for by them. 

Francis Trumble proposing to the Council to give security for 
the appearance of a certain Joseph Worra (now a Prisoner in this 

City on a charge of having grieviously beaten a certain ) 

at the next Court of Quarter Session, to be held at, then and there 
to answer the said charge. 

Ordered, That Mr. Evans take the said Bail, the Principal in 
the Sum of Two Hundred and Fifty Pounds, and 

A Letter from His Excellency General Washington, to the Coun- 
cil of Safety was laid before the Council. 
Adjourned to half after Three P. M. 



Consideration of the Commissions, Licenses, &ca. 
Adjourned to-morrow Morning, 10 O'Clock. 



The Council Met, 

Philad'a, Wednesday March 12, 1777. 
present : 
His Excellency THO'S WHARTON, Jun'r, Esq'r President 
The Hon'ble John Evans, Jonathan Hoge, "\ 

George Taylor, John Lowdan, and v Esquires. 

John Proctor, John Hubley, J 

The Petition of Giles Hicks, praying that some Provision be 
made from himself and others, the Orphan Family of William 
Hicks, deceased, in the appointment of a Person to the Offices of 
Prothonotary, Recorder, &ca., of the County of Bucks, as the same 
had been by Richard Penn, Esq'r, under the late Government, was 
read and ordered to lie on the Table for Consideration. 

The Petition of Wm. Lyon, Esquire, praying to be appointed 
Prothonotary of Cumberland County, was read and ordered to lie 
on the Table. 

The Petition of Wm. Lyon, praying to be appointed Prothono- 
tary of the County of Cumberland, having been again read, was 
taken into consideration, and thereupon Agreed, 

That William Lyon, Esquire, be appointed Prothonotary of the 
County of Cumberland, and that he be Commissioned accordingly 
Adjourned to half after Three O'Clock afternoon 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 1T9 



A Return of the Sheriffs and Coroners elect for the County of 
Bucks, being made to the Council, was now read, by which it ap- 
pears that John Thompson and Garrat Dungan were duly elected 
to 3erve as Sheriffs, and Benjamin Fell and Robert Ransey were 
duly elected to serve as Coroners ; and the said John Thompson & 
Garrat Dungan attending at the door, were introduced to the Coun- 
cil, and offered their service in the Sheriff's office ; and they having 
retired, 

Ordered, That John Thompson be appointedJHigh Sheriff of the 
County of Bucks, and that on his giving the security required by 
Law, He be Commissioned accordingly. 

Ordered, That Benjamin Fell be appointed Coroner of the Coun- 
ty of Bucks, and that on his giving the Security required by Law, 
he be Commissioned accordingly. 

The Secretary of the Council of Safety, by order of the said 
Council, laid before the Board the list and arrangement of the Offi- 
cers of the twelve Battalions of this State : 

Arrangement of the Field Officers of the Twelve Pennsylvania 
Regiments in the Continental Service, Viz : 

First Regiment. 

Colonel, Edward Hand ; Lieutenant Col., James Ross; Major, 
Henry Miller. 

Second Regiment. 

Colonel, James Trwin j Lieutenant Col., Jonathan Jones; Ma- 
jor, William Williams. 

TJiird Regiment. 

Colonel, Joseph Wood; Lieutenant Colonel, Thomas Craig, 
Major, Josiah Harmer. 

Fourth Regiment. 

Colonel, Lambert Cadwalader ; Lieutenant Col., Wm. Butler ; 
Major, Marien La Mar. 

Fifth Regiment. 

Colonel, Francis Johnson; Lieutenant Col., Percifer Frazier; 
Major, Thomas Robison. 

Sixth Regiment. 

Colonel, Robert Magaw ; Lieutenant Col., Henry Becker ; Ma- 
jor, Samuel Benezet. 

Seventh Regiment. 

Colonel, William Irwin ; Lieutenant Colonel, David Greer; Ma- 
jor, Samuel Hay, 



180 



MINUTES OF THE 



Eighth Regiment. 

Colonel, Daniel Broadhead; Lieutenant Col., Richard Butler ; 
Major, Stephen Bayard. 

Ninth Regiment. 

Colonel, Ant'y James Morris ; Lieutenant Col., George Nagel ; 
Major, Mathew Smith. 

Tenth Regiment. 

Colonel, James Chambers ; Lieutenant Col., Adam Hubley, 
ju'r; Major, Caleb North. 

Eleventh Regiment. 

Colonel, Richard Humpton ; Lieutenant Col., Francis Gurney ; 
Major, Francis Mentzes. 

Twelfth Regiment. 

Colonel, William Cook; Lieutenant Col., Neigel Gray; Major. 
James Crawford. 

Rank of the field officers of the twelve Pennsylvania Regiments in 
Continental service : 





Colonels. 




Lieutenant Colonels 


1. 


Robert Magaw, 


1. 


George Nagel, 


2. 


William Irwin, 


2. 


Francis Gurney, 


3. 


Edward Hand, 


3. 


Henry Becker, 


4. 


James Irwin, 


4. 


Thomas Craig, 


5. 


Lambert Cadwalader, 


5. 


Neigle Gray, 


6. 


Francis Johnson, 


6. 


Percifer Frazier, 


7. 


Anthony James Morris, 


7. 


David Greer, 


8. 


Joseph Wood, 


8. 


Richard Butler, 


9. 


Richard Humpton, 


9. 


James Ross, 


10. 


William Cook, 


10. 


William Butler, 


11. 


Daniel Broadhead, 


11. 


Jonathan Jones, 


12. 


James Chambers, 


12. 


Adam Hubley. 




Majors. 




Captains. 


1. 


Francis Mentzes, 


1. 


Patrick Anderson, 


2. 


James Crawford, 


2. 


James Marshall, 


3. 


Mathew Smith, 


3. 


John Nice, 


4. 


Henry Miller, 


4. 


Matthew Scott, 


5. 


William Williams, 


5. 


James Francis Moore, 


6. 


Thomas Robison, 


6. 


John Spears, 


7. 


Samuel Benezet, 


7. 


John Clark, 


8. 


Josiah Harman, 


8. 


Robert Gray, 


9. 


Marien La Mar, 


9. 


John Robb, 


10. 


Stephen Bayard, 


10. 


John Carnagan. 


11. 


Caleb North, 






12. 


Samuel Hav. 







SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 



181 



First Lieutenants. 



1. Joseph Findley, 

*2. Thomas Johnson, 

3. Jacob Mace, 

4. Thomas Boyd, 

5. Joseph Brownlee, 



6. William Moore, 

7. George Haffner, 

8. Jacob Schneider, 

9. George Geiger, 
10. James Wiley. 



Second Lieutenants 



1. James McMichael, 

2. John Gregg, 

3. Samuel Henry, 

4. Ambrose Crane, 



1. Peter Boyle, 

2. Robert Gregg, 

3. James Bickham, 

4. John Parks, 

5. James Dugan, 



5. William Harris, 

6. William M'Cracken, 

7. John Vanpelt. 

Ensigns. 

6. Joseph Collier, 

7. John Vanwinkle, 

8. Patrick Fullerton, 

9. Joseph German. 



The Council Met. 



Philad'a, Thursday March 13th, 1777. 



PRESENT ! 

His Excellency THOMAS WHARTON, jun., Esq., President, 
John Evans, John Hubley, ~\ 

Jonathan Hoge, George Taylor, and > Esquires. 

John Lowden, John Proctor, ) 

The Council taking into consideration that the Civil Department 
of this Commonwealth requires great attention, and will for some 
time fully employ them to discharge the duties thereof, and that it 
is also of great importance that a due attention be still paid to the 
War which we, are engaged in ; There/ore Resolved, That A Board 
of War for the Land Service of the State, consisting of Nine Per- 
sons, be appointed, and have full Power and authority to do and 
perform all matters and things necessary in the said dejfartment, 
subject, nevertheless, to the direction and examan$tion of this 
Council from time to time, as we may deem expedient, and saving 
to ourselves always the power of appointing officers, agreeable to the 
constitution of this Commonwealth; Thereupon Resolved, that 
David Rittenhouse, Owen Biddle, William Moore, Joseph Dean, 
Samuel Morris, Senior, Samuel Cadwalader, W. Corris, John Bay- 
ard, George Gray, and John Bull, Esquires, Be a Board of War, 
and that they, or any three of them, be Commissioned and empow- 



J 82 MINUTES OP THE 

ered to Act agreeable to the foregoing Resolution, the commission 
to continue in force untill revoked by this or a future Supreme Ex- 
ecutive Council j And a Commission being made out accordingly, 
the same was Signed by the President : Thereupon Ordered, That 
Mr. Hubley administer to the several members of the Board of 
War the qualifications required by the Constitution of this State, 
for the faithful discharge of their office. 

The Council also taking into consideration the necessity of ap- 
pointing a Navy Board : Thereupon Resolved, that a Navy Board, 
consisting of Eleven Gentlemen, to be appointed, and liave full 
power and authority to do and perform all Matters and things 
Relating to the Navy of this State, subject nevertheless to the di- 
rections and examinations of this Council, from time to time, as 
we may judge expedient, and saving to ourselves always the power 
of appointing Officers, agreeable to the Constitution of this Com- 
monwealth ; Thereupon Resolved, That Andrew Caldwell, Joseph 
Blewer, Joseph Marsh, Emanuel Eyre, Robert Ritchie, Paul Cox, 
Samuel Massey, William Bradford, Thomas Fitzsimmons, Samuel 
Morris, Jun'r, and Thomas Barclay, be a Navy Board, and that they, 
or any three of them, be Commissioned and empowered to Act 
agreeable to the foregoing Resolution ; the Commission to continue 
in force until revoked by this or any future Supreme Executive 
Council ; And a Commission being made out accordingly, the same 
was signed by the President; Thereupon, 

Ordered, That Mr. Hubley administer to the several Members 
of the Navy Board, the qualifications required by the Constitution 
of this State, for the faithful discharge of their Office. 

" Resolved, That the Board of War be directed to apply to Con- 
gress for the Sum of One Hundred Thousand Dollars, to be ac- 
counted for by this State/' 



The Council met. 

Philad'a., Saturday March 15th, 1777. P. M. 

present : 
The*Ha$ble GEORGE BRYAN, Esquire, Vice President. 
John Hubley, John Lowdan, and 



IEj 



George Taylor, John Procter, ^Esquires. 

Jonathan Hoge, 

Mr. Fitzsimmons and Mr. Ritchie, from the Navy Board, were 
introduced, and presented a Memorial respecting the Oath or Af- 
firmation of Office, with the Minutes of the said Board, which was 
Bead, viz. : 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 183 

" The Honorable the Supreme Executive Council of the Common- 
wealth of Pennsylvania : 

" Gentlemen : 

"By the Minutes of this Board, which we have the Honor to in- 
close, you will perceive that Nine Members present have resolved not 
to take the oath or affirmation of allegiance tendered to them by a mem- 
ber of your Honorable Board. We do not apprehend that the reasons 
on which our dissent are founded is expected, but we think it neces- 
sary to make known to your honors that we are willing and ready 
to take an Oath of Allegiance to the United States, as well as the 
Oath of Office \ And that We are extremely desirous of rendering 
every service in our power to this State, in any Capacity in which 
we can be useful. 

" We are, with great Respect, Gentlemen, 

" Your most Obed't Humb'le serv'ts, 
" ANDREW CALDWELL, 
"ROBT. RITCHIE, 
"MANUEL EYRE, 
"THOMAS BARCLAY, 
« THOMAS FITZSIMMONS, 
" WM. BRADFORD, 
" JOSEPH BLEWER, 
" SAMUEL MASSEY, 
"PAUL COX, 
"JOSEPH MARSH. 
"State Navy Board, March 14, 1777." 



State Navy Board, March 14, 1777. 

PRESENT. 

Ten Members. 

Mr. Hubley, from the Supreme Executive Council, having 
tendered to the Members of this Board the Oath or Affirmation of 
Allegiance prescribed by the 40th Section of the Frame of Gov- 
ernment formed by the late Convention of this State, it was agreed 
to take the sense of the Members on that Subject, and the question 
being put, there appeared Against it, 

ANDREW CALDWELL, 
ROBERT RITCHIE, 
MANUEL EYRE, 
THOMAS BARCLAY, 
JOSEPH MARSH, 
THOS. FITZSIMMONS, 
WILLIAM BRADFORD, 
SAM. MASSEY, 
PAUL COX. 
To take the Oath or Affirmation, 

JOSEPH BLEWER. 



184 MINUTES OF THE 

" Whereupon : 

" Ordered, That a Copy of this Minute be sent to the Council^ 
with an Address expressive of the attachment of this Board to the 
Independence of America, and their readiness to serve this State on 
any occasion. 

" Extract from the Minutes. 

"CORNELS SWEARS, Sec'y. 

Divers Evidences respecting the burning of the Powder Mills at 
French Creek having Been examined in the presence of Mr. Beck, 
one of the Powder Makers, and on the whole there appeared no 
proof sufficient to justify The imprisonment of any of the persons 
taken on the suspicion of firing the said Mills; thereupon : 

Ordered, That Mr. Beck and his Workmen be discharged. 

A Remonstrance of Divers Officers of the Tenth Battalion, re- 
specting the arrangement of the Officers of that Battalion, was 
read in Council. 

Ordered, That the said Remonstrance lie on the Table for Con- 
sideration. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Monday March 17, 1777, P. M. 

PRESENT I 

The Hon'ble GEORGE BRYAN, Esquire, Vice President. 
John Hubley, John Lowdan, and 'J 

George Taylor, John Procter, I Esquires. 

Jonathan Hoge, J 

A Letter from Henry Fisher, dated Lewis Town, March 14th, 
1777, was received from the Board of War, informing that two of 
the Enemie's Ships and a Sloop, came into our Road the 11th 
Iustant. 

Ordered, That the same be laid before Congress. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Wednesday March 19th, 1777. 
present: 
His Excell'y THOMAS WHARTON, jun., Esq'r, President 
The Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Hubley, John Lowdan, and ~) 

George Taylor, John Procter, > Esquires. 

Jonathan Hoge, J 

The Remonstrance of the Officers of the Tenth Battalion was 
read ; thereupon, 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL, 135 

Ordered, That Mr. Lowdan and Mr. Proctor confer with the 
Board of War concerning the Arrangement of Officers against which 
the said Remonstrance is made. Mr. Lowdan & Mr. Proctor Re- 
port, that they had conferred with the Board of War on the said 
Remonstrance, and the Board of War give for reason of their Con- 
duct, that they apprehend, from the best information They can ob- 
tain, that Captain Shade is not well qualified to act as Major. The 
Board taking into consideration the appointment of Judges, there- 
upon Agreed That Mr. Hubley and Mr. Taylor attend The Honora- 
ble House of Assembly, and request them to fix the Salary of the 
Chief Justice and the Assistant Judges of the Supreme Court be- 
fore they are appointed. Whereupon Mr. Parker and Mr. Brown, 
from the Assembly, attended the council, and informed the Board 
that the Honorable House of Assembly had taken into considera- 
tion the Salary to be allowed the Judges respectively, And had 
Agreed that the Chief Justice be allowed a Sallary at the Rate of 
One Thousand Pounds per Annum, and that the Assistant Judges 
be allowed at the Rate of Five Hundred Pounds per Annum. 

A Letter from His Excellency William Livingston, Esq., Gov- 
ernor of the State of New Jersey, relating to the Prisoners, &ca., 
date April 3d, 1777 : 

" Dear Sir : 

" Our State not having delivered yours from the Prisoners con- 
tained in the List enclosed in your favor of the 26th of March, 
(which I received but this day,) has affected me with singular con- 
cern. The difficulty of knowing how to dispose of them when they 
arrived here, has procrastined the Affair and given me great anxiety. 
This will,. I hope, apologize for having so long put you to the trou- 
ble of keeping them in that durance in which they were consigned 
without the Agency of this State, But as G-eneral Forman is now 
daily expected, who I am informed, is able to point out their several 
delinquencies, or to direct us to persons who can, I have sent Lieu- 
tenant Smith with a Guard to receive them from your State, and 
sincerely acknowledge our obligation to the Commonwealth of Penn- 
sylvania, for securing such a number of Miscreants, at a time when 
it was not in our power to apply the same remedy against the Evo- 
lutions of their Treason and Rebellion against the United States of 
America. 

" I am Sir, your most 

"Obed. h'bleserv't. 

"WIL. LIVINGSTON. 

"Hon. Tho's Wharton, Jun., Esq'r, President, Etca." 
The same was read and ordered to lie on the Table. 



186 MINUTES OF THE 



The Council Met. 

Philad'a, Thursday March 20th. 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
John Evans, John Hubley, ~) 

George Taylor, Jonathan Hoge, V Esquires. 

John Lowden, John Proctor, ) 

On motion, 
Ordered, That Mr. Hubley be Authorized to employ as many of 
the Hessian Prisoners as he may find occasion for. The Council 
taking into consideration the appointment of Judges of the Su- 
preme Court of this Commonwealth, and thereupon Agreed that 
Joseph Reed, Esquire, be appointed Chief Justice of the said Com- 
monwealth. 

The Council taking into consideration the appointing Sheriffs & 
Coroners of the several Counties, which have sent in the returns 
of the Gentlemen, elected to serve in these Offices respectively; And 
thereupon, 

Order'd, That 

[Blank Page in Council Book.] 



The Council Met. 



Philad'a, Friday March 21st, 1777. 



present : 
His Excell'y, THO'S WHAKTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble. George Bryan, Esq'r., Vice President. 
John Evans, John Hubley, ") 

Jonathan Hoge, George Taylor, > Esquires. 

John Lowdan, John Proctor, ) 

Ordered, That Twenty-Six Rifles and two smooth bore Guns, 
now in the hands of Colo Lochry's Battalion of Militia, be pur- 
chased and put in the hands of the said Archibald Lochry, Lieut, 
of the said County, for the use of the Militia of that County. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Archibald Loch- 
ry, Esq'r, for the sum of one hundred and seventy-nine Pounds, 
Ten Shillings, for the above mentioned Twenty-eight Guns. On 
consideration, 

Ordered, That Samuel Morris be appointed Register of Philadel- 
phia County, and Commissioned accordingly. Dan'l Levan, Jun'r, 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 187 

Esq'r, Sheriff elect for the County of Berks, now offers Baltzer 
Gehr & Daniel Hunter, of the said County, as sureties for the faith- 
ful discharge of the Duties of his Office of Sheriff of the said 
County, according to Law, which this Council approves. On con- 
sideration, 

Ordered, That Daniel Levan, Jun'r, be appointed Sheriff of Berks 
County, and Commissioned accordingly ; That Sam'l Morris be ap- 
pointed as Register of the City of Philadelphia, and Commissioned 
accordingly ; That Archibald McLean be appointed Prothonotary 
of York County, and Commissioned accordingly; That John Piper 
be appointed Lieutenant of the County of Bedford, and Commis- 
sioned accordingly ; That John Armstrong as Lieutenant of the 
County of Cumberland and Commissioned accordingly ; That 
Joseph Hart be appointed as Register of Bucks County, and Com- 
missioned accordingly ; That Robert Lovers be appointed Prothono- 
tary of Northampton County, and that he be Commissioned accord- 
ingly; That James Benezet be appointed Prothonotary of the 
County of Bucks, and that he be Commissioned accordingly ; That 
Archibald McLochry be appointed Prothonotary of the County of 
Westmoreland, and that he be Commissioned accordingly. The Pro- 
thonotary's Commission granted to Mr. Lochry for Westmoreland, 
is with the express condition that, on General Sinclair's returning 
to the County, and requesting to have the Office confirmed to him, 
that Colonel Lochry resign, which condition Colo. Lochry agrees 
to. On consideration, 

Ordered, That Robert Galbraith be appointed prothonotary of 
the County of Bedford, and that he be Commissioned accordingly. 



The Council Met. 

Philad'a, Saturday March 22d, 1777. 

present : 
His Excell'y, THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Evans, John Lowden, and ") 

George Taylor, John Proctor. I Esquires. 

Jonathan Hoge, J 

On consideration, 
Ordered, That John Hubley be appointed Prothonotary for the 
County of Lancaster, and he be Commissioned accordingly ; That 
William McClay be appointed Prothonotary for the County of North- 
umberland, and that he be Commissioned accordingly ; That John 
Morris, jun'r, Esq'r, be appointed Master of the Rolls for the State 
of Pennsylvania, and that he be commissioned accordingly. A Rep- 



188 MINUTES OF THE 

rcsentation from the Board of War of the small number of which 
it now consists, and requesting an additional number of Members, 
being now made to the Council ; Thereupon, 

Ordered, That 

[Blank in Council Book.] 

A Circular Letter was written to the Prothonotarys of each 
County in the State, requesting them to take the security required 
by Law to be given by the Sheriffs respectively. 

Ordered, That Benjamin Jacobs (Son of the Speaker) be ap- 
pointed Prothonotary of the County of Chester, and that he be com- 
missioned accordingly. 

John Morris, jun'r, appeared, and took the Qualifications required 
by the Constitution to Qualify him to act as Master of the Rolls 
for the State of Pennsylvania. 

Robert Galbraith appeared, and took the Qualifications required 
by the Constitution to Qualify him to act as Clerk of the Orphans' 
Court. 



The Council Met. 

Philad'a, Monday March 27, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
John Evans, John Lowdan, and") 

Jonathan Hoge, John Proctor. [■ Esquires. 

John Hubley, ) 

Petition of Robert Patton, praying relief from abuse he has suf- 
fered by ill-treatment of his family, and insult to his Person, by 
General Dehaas, &ca., Viz.: 

il To the Honourable the Supreme Executive Council of the State of 
Pennsylvania. 

11 The Petition of Robert Patton, of Lebanon, in Lancaster Coun- 
ty, Humbly Sheweth: 

" That your Petitioner is a Freeholder and inhabitant of the said 
Town, and a Captain of the Second Battalion of Militia of Lan- 
caster County, and during the present dispute with Great Britain, 
has, to the utmost of his power, contributed to the support of 
the American cause, and served with his company in New Jersey 
for seven Weeks, untill discharged by Gen'l Meroer ; That your Pe- 
titioner being lately on Business in Virginia, during his absence 
Gen. Dehaas sent a Sergeant to his wife, ordering her to remove 
out of the House Your Petitioner dwelt in, that he might make a 
Store House of it ; That Your Petitioner's Wife not knowing where 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 189 

to remove to with her family, refused, altho' a second message was 
sent by the Sergeant ; That Your Petitioner, upon his return home, 
being informed of the same procedure, incensed at such arbitrary 
conduct of the General, in endeavoring tb drive his family out 
of his House without the least colour of right, expressed his indig- 
nation and resentment in the strongest Terms, in the hearing of 
many persons, some of whom acquainted the General with it; That 
the same day, To Wit : The Eleventh day of March, instant, The 
said Gen'l Dehaas came, with a guard of Soldiers, to your Peti- 
tioner's House, entered the same, and arrested Your Petitioner, and 
carried him to the Guard House, without being charged with any 
offence ; That from the Guard House your Petitioner was after- 
wads taken by a Captain to the General, who, upon his acknow- 
ledging the words he had spoken of him, ordered your Petitioner 
to be put in Irons, which was done as soon as these Irons could be 
procured, and Your Petitioner remained in that situation for an 
Hour and a half; That Your Petitioner being ordered by the Gen- 
eral to be sent to Head Quarters, applied to John Thorn, Esq'r, and 
by his influence was admitted to Bail, and accordingly entered into 
Bond, with Securities in the Sum of one thousand Pounds, for his 
appearance before his Excellency Gen'l Washington, To answer 
Whatever charges Gen'l Dehaas should exhibit against him. Your 
Petitioner most humbly conceives, that by this arbitrary and 
tyranical proceedings of Gen'l Dehaas, not only he is greatly 
injured and aggrieved, but the liberties of the inhabitants of this 
state endangered, and their civil rights trampled on ; And as he 
cannot as yet obtain satisfaction in the ordinary course of Law for 
the particular injury done to himself, he thinks it his duty to repre- 
sent these matters to Your Honours, being ready to verefy by due 
proofs of the facts alledged, that so dangerous and alarming an 
attempt to subvert the Civil Authority, and subject the Inhabitants 
to Military Law, may not escape unpunished, and he will pray. 

"ROBERT PATTON." 

The petitioner being duly sworn in Council, deposeth and saith, 
That the several matters and things contained in the foregoing 
Petition is the Truth and the Whole Truth. 

Mar. 24th, 1777. 

Being read, Ordered to lie on the Table for consideration. 

Mr. Patton was examined in support of his allegation against 
General Dehaas. 



190 MINUTES OF THE 



The Council met. 



Philad'a, Tuesday March 25, 1777, A. M- 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President, 
John Evans, John Hubley, ~\ 

Jonathan Hoge,' George Taylor, v Esquires. 

John Lowdan, John Proctor, j 

The Petition of Mr. Lochry, praying to be appointed Clerk of 
the Orphans' Court, was read. Mr. John Orndt appeared, and took 
the Qualifications required by the constitution to Qualify him to 
act as Register and as Recorder of Deeds for the County of 
Northampton. Mr. Thomas Tayler appeared, and took the Quali- 
fications required by the constitution to Qualify him to act as 
Register and as- Recorder of Deeds for the County of Chester. 

Ordered, That Mr. George Campbell be appointed Prothonotary 
for the County of Philadelphia, and that he Commissioned ac- 
cordingly. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Wednesday Mar. 26, 1777, A. M . 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
John Evans, John Hubley, "1 

John Lowdan, Jonathan Hoge, I Esquires. 

George Taylor, John Proctor, J 

Jacob Weaver being brought the Council as a disaffected Person, 
and a Letter from Col. Francis Johnson, charging him with having 
expressed sentiments inimical to the American cause, being read; 
Thereupon, 

Ordered, That Mr. Weaver give Bond, with one or more secu- 
rities, for his appearance before this Board. 

The Representations of divers Officers of the 10th Battalion 
being read and considered, 

Ordered, That the Arrangement of Officers of the Tenth Bat- 
talion be adhered to, and the Officers Petitioning attending at the 
door, were introduced, and informed of this determination. 

Robert Burton, Leatherbury Barker, William Bagwell, William 
Millbey, Prisoners from the Delaware State, having given security 
to the said State for their appearance at the Geueral Quarter Ses- 
sion of the Peace, &ca.; Thereupon, 
Ordered, That they be discharged 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 191 

Mr. Robert Levers appeared, and took the Qualifications required 
by the Constitution of this State to Qualify him to act as Protho- 
notary for the County of Northampton, and received his Commis- 
sion, dated this 26th of March, 1777. 

On motion, agreed that Mr. Robert Levers be appointed Clerk 
of the Orphans' Court for the County of Northampton. 

On motion, agreed That Mr. Walter Shee be appointed Tonnage 
Officer, &ca., agreeable to the Prayer of his Petition. 

Archibald McClean, Commission as Prothonotary, Register, and 
Recorder of Deeds, dated March 27th, 1777, for the County of 
York. 

Robert Levers, Commission as Prothonotary of the County of 
Northampton, dated March 21st, 1777, and his Commission of 
Clerk of the Orphans' Court of the said County, dated March 
27th, 1777. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Thursday March 27th, 1777. 

PRESENT I 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun., Esq'r, President. 
John Evan3, John Hubley, ") 

Jonathan Hoge, John Lowdan, v Esquires. 

George Taylor, John Proctor, J 

Francis Bayley, the Coroner elect for the County of Lancaster, 
appeared, and took the Oath required by the Constitution of this 
State to qualify him for the said Office. 

A Representation from the State Navy Board, acquainting the 
Council that Captain Eayres' boat was fitted out for the Protection 
of the Salt Works at Tom's River, and waited for Orders, was now 
read ; and thereupon, 

Ordered, that the State Navy Board give the necessary Orders 
to Captain Eayres for the Protection of the Salt Works on Tom's 
River. 

Mr. Rithchie & Mr. Fitzsimmons, from the Navy Board, attended 
the Council, and laid a State of divers Naval affairs before the 
Board, Vizt : 

" State Navy Board, March 27th, 1777. 
" Gentlemen : 

" JMly impressed with the weight of Business that in the Com- 
mencement of your Office must have been thrown upon you, and 
desirous to render what services we could to our Country, we have 
not waited for any instructions respecting the duties of this board, 
but have, as well as in our power, gone through the Business that 
has come before us. Many things, however, has occurred which 



192 MINUTES OF THE 

/ 

we think it our duty to lay before you, and we hope you will 
with your first convenience take them into your consideration, 
and give us such advice and instructions respecting them as you 
shall seem proper. One of our first duties was to enquire into the 
State of the Vessels and Boats belonging to this Commonwealth, 
which we are very- sorry to inform Your Honours, is not in the good 
condition we could wish, most of them requiring repairs or altera- 
tions and many of them shame; ully deficient in their complement 
of Men. From the enquiries we have made into the reasons of 
these deficiences, it appears to us that some part might have been 
remedied had the Officers exerted themselves as they ought ) but at 
this Time it will be very difficult, if not impossible, to get them 
manned without your interposition ; for it cannot be expected that 
Men will enlist themselves in this Service at the Wages allowed by 
the State, When Seamen in the merchants' Service, can get from 
Fifteen Pounds to Eighteen Pounds P'r Month, and Landsmen from 
Ten To Twelve pounds ; We would, therefore, recommend to your 
most serious Consideration, whether it would not be for the Public 
good to lay an Embargo, to prevent any Vessels Sailing from this 
Port for a few days, or until the Armed Vessels intended for the 
Service of the State can be put into a better Condition : with due 
Submission to your better Judgments, we apprehend a measure of 
this kind would have many good advantages, as well to the general 
cause, as to the State in particular. The late Council of Safety of 
this State appointed John Hazlewood, Esquire, Commander-in- 
Chief of the Fire Vessels, Boats and Rafts belonging to the State, 
subject, however, to the Commodore of the Fleet for the time being ; 
Captain Hazlewood has lately informed us that, though he is heartily 
disposed to render every service in his power to the State, he does 
not choose to continue subject To the orders of the present Com- 
modore of the Fleet or any of the Captains, who, in case of acci- 
dent, may succeed him ; but if it should be thought consistent, 
would wish to have the entire direction of that part of the Arma- 
ment. How far his desire ought to be complied with, we submit to 
you, but we think it great importance that it should be immediately 
determined ', and in justice to Capt. Hazlewood, must say he appears 
To have great Merit in his department. There are at present some 
Officers wanting in the Fleet; we should be glad to know whether 
any recommendations for such appointments is expected from us, 
and whether the Warrant Officers are to be appointed by the Council. 
Some account have been brought to us, and more, we expect may, 
of services performed or Contracts made previous to ou^ appoint- 
ment. We are apprehensive a great loss may arise to the State if 
the settlement of such accounts are thrown upon us, who are totally 
unacquainted with the transactions, and have no Books or documents 
of the Council to refer to ; o*n that account we conceive it would be 
more eligible to appoint a Committee for the purpose of settling all 
Accounts previous to our appointment. We find that there is a 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 193 

great number of Men at present employed in throwing up works at 
Billingsport, which we should not presume to take notice of, but, 
as we think, it will very materially effect the defences prepared for 
this River, as far as we have been able to learn. These Works are 
meant to be upon so extensive a plan, that it will be impossible to 
compleat them in time for this Season. The Military people say, 
if the whole was complete the Post is not tenable. We pretend to 
no judgment in these matters, but as we know this business is 
much talked of, we beg leave to recommend it to your Considera- 
tion, whether any temporary works erected there could not be easily 
turned to the annoyance of the Vessels ) and if so, Whether it 
should not be discontinued. These things we have thought it ne- 
cessary to represent to you, and we conceive this mode will take up 
less of your time than any other. We shall hope for directions in 
consequence, as you may think proper, and are, with great respect, 
" By order of the Board, Gentlemen, 

" Your most Obed't humble Servant, 

"WILLIAM BRADFORD, Chairman. 
" Hon'ble the Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth 
of Pennsylvania." 



A Petition from Levi Hallingsworth, representing the State of 
lithe Salt Works at Turtle G-ut inlet, and offering the same to sale ? 
J was presented and read ; Thereupon, 

Ordered, To lie on the table. 



The Council Met. 

Phtlad'a, Friday March 28th, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His ExcelPy THO'S WHARTON, Jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
John Evans, John Hubley, ~\ 

Johnathan Hoge, George Taylor, v- Esquires. 

John Lowdan, John Proctor, J 

cil. 1 A Representation from the Navy Board respecting the present 
ay, lltuation of the Navy, was laid before the Council, and the same 
int. leing considered ; Thereupon, Agreed, That the Navy Board be re- 
ested to recommend such Commissioned Officers aa may be ne- 
ssary for the approbation of this Council, and that the said Board 
i ill 3 appoint The Warrant Officers ; That a Committee be appointed 
jfc If Settle the Accounts, which may be done out of the Navy Board 
d War Office. Agreed, That the Navy Board be requested to at- 

VOL. XI.— 13. 



194 MINUTES OF THE 

tend the Council at 7 0' Clock this Evening, to confer with us on 
the subjects of their representations delivered yesterday. 

On motion. Agreed, That James Benezet, Esq'r, be appointed 
Clerk of the Orphan's Court for the County of Bucks, and that he 
be commissioned accordingly. 

The Council took into consideration the return of Justices for the 
City of Philadelphia, as elected by the Freeholders of several of the 
"Wards, &ca. j and thereupon, Jigreed, That James Young, John 
Ord, Joseph Redman, sen'r, Isaac Howell, George Henry, Plunket 
Fleeson, Benjamin Pascall, and Philip Bcehm, be Commissioned to 
Act as Justices of the Peace, &ca, for the said City. 

Ordered, That a Dedimus potestatem be issued, impowering 
James Young, Esq'r, to Qualify the Magistrates and other Officers 
of this City and Liberties. 

Ordered, That a Dedimus Potestatem be issued, impowering 
James Benezet, Joseph Kirkbridge and Samuel Smith, or any one 
or more of them, to Qualify the Magistrates and other Officers in 
the County of Bucks. 

Mr. Samuel Morris, the Elder, Mr. Owen Biddle, and Mr. Jo- 
seph Dean, from the Board of War, attended, and represented the 
necessity of increasing the number of Members at that Board, seve- 
ral of the Gentlemen appointed to that service having left the 
State. 

Mr. Fitzimmons, Mr. Bradford, and Mr. Massey, Mr. Coxe, Mr. 
Marsh, and Mr. Blewer, of the State Navy Board, attended the 
Council. 

Return from Mr. Bradford and Mr. Nevill of the state of the 
Old Gaol. 

Ordered, That it be recommended to the County Commissioners. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Saturday, March 29th, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y .THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
John Evans, John Lowdan, and ") 

George Taylor, John Proctor, I Esquires. 

Jonathan Hoge, J 

Mr. John Simpson appointed Register of Wills and Recorder of 
Deeds in the County of Northumberland, produced a certificate of 
his having given security for the faithful performance of his trust 
in the said Office, and having taken the qualifications directed by 
the Constitution, he was Commissioned accordingly. 

On motion, agreed, That Jacob Morgan, Esq'r, be appointed Lieu- j 
tenant of the City of Philadelphia, and that he be Commissioned to 
accordingly. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 195 

The Council took into Consideration the returns of justices for 
the County of Berks, Lancaster, and Chester, and thereupon, 

Ordered, That Henry Christ, Jacob Shoemaker, James Read, 
Daniel Heister, Peter Spycker, Jacob Weaver, John Ludwig, Benj'n 
Shott, Chris'r Schulfcz, Samuel Ely, Jacob Waggoner, Dan'l Roth- 
erwiell, and John Old, Be appointed Justices of the Peace for the 
County of Berks, and were Commissioned accordingly. 

A Draft in favor of Gibbs Jones on the Treasurer of the State, 
was issued for the Sum of Seven Pounds, seventeen Shillings and 
six Pence for Candles, purchased for the use of the Council. 

Mr. William Stewart, Commission dated October 18th, 1777, Pe- 
ter Hoofnagle, Esq'r, attended in Council, and took the Oaths re- 
quired by the Constitution to Qualify him for the execution of the 
offices of Register and Recorder for the County of Lancaster, and 
Received his Commission. Robert Smith attended, in like manner, 
and took the Oaths required by the Constitution to qualify him 
to act as Sheriff for the County of Chester, and received his Com- 
mission. 

Colo. Antill laid before the Council a Resolve of Congress. 

A Letter was written To Mr. Reed, requesting him to return and 
take the Qualifications. 



The Council Met. 

Philad'a, Tuesday April the 1st, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esquire, Vice President. 
John Evans, John Hubley, ") 

Jonathan Hoge, George Taylor, and C Esquires. 

John Lowdan, John Proctor, j 

On motion, 
Ordered, That A writ be issued for electing a Councellor to re- 
present the County of Bedford in this Council, to be returned on the 
twelfth of May next, The writ to be directed to Thomas Coulter, 
Cornelius M'Cawley and George Ashman, Esq'rs, of that County. 
On motion, agreed That Joseph Redman, Sen 7 r be appointed 
Clerk of the Market of this City. 
Letter from Mi*. Campbell declining to .take the Oaths. 



I 

196 MINUTES OF THE 

The Council. Met, 

Philad'a, Wednesday April 2d, 1717, 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r President. 

Hon'ble George Bryan, Esquire, Vice President. 
John Evans, John Lowdan, and ") 

George Taylor, John Proctor, 5- Esquires. 

John Hubley, ) 

A representation being made to the Counci 1 that Mrs. Galloway 
was apprehensive of her being insulted by the populace on account 
of the Conduct of her Husband ; Thereupon Ordered, That the 
Sheriffs and Magistrates of the County of Berks exert themselves 
for the preventing any insult which may otherwise be offered to 
Mrs. Galloway, or injury to her effects. 

On motion, agreed that William Atlee, Esq., be appointed one of 
the Judges of the Supreme Court of this Commonwealth. 

John Connolly, a prisoner confined in the Goal of this City, be 
permitted to retire to the Plantation of James Ewing, Esq., giving 
security himself in Two Thousand Pounds, and Two Freeholders 
in One Thousand Pounds each, this Security being given for his 
good behaviour, and that he will continue within five Miles of 
the . same, vizt : That John Connolly do not either write to, 
speak or Correspond with any person or persons whatsoever, 
employed by or under the Authority of the King or Parliament 
of Great Britain, nor to or with any person or persons unfriendly 
to the United States of America, knowing them to be such, 
nor take up Arms, or employ or procure any other person or per- 
sons to take up Arms against the said States, or aid or assist the 
Enemies thereof in any sort whatsoever, nor do or say any matter 
or thing, directly or indirectly, which in any wise is or may be in- 
jurious to the said States or any of them : And that the said John 
Connolly do confine himself on the Plantation of the above named 
James Ewing, and within five iMiles of the said Plantation, situated 
in the County of York, and the same whereon the said James Ew- 
ing now dwells, and that he, the John Connolly, shall be and appear 
before the Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth, when 
thereto he shall be required, then the above obligation shall be void, 
cr otherwise remain in full force and virtue. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. . 197 

The Council Met. 

Philad'a, Friday April 4th, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His ExeelFy THO'S WHARTON, Jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Honorable G-eorge Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Evans, John Hubley, > E ires 

George Taylor, John Proctor, 5 4 

A Letter from the Hon'ble John Handcock, Esq., President of 
Congress, enclosing a Letter from His Excellency General Wash- 
ington, containing Intelligence from the Enemy at New York, was 
laid before the Council. 

Ordered, That a Copy of the Letter from General Washington 
be immediately sent to the Board of War. 

Ordered, That Expresses be immediately sent to Northumber- 
land and Cumberland Counties, with the Sub-Lieutenants' Commis- 
sions. 

The Continental Boar I of War laid before the Council The ex- 
amination of James Molessworth, who was executed as a Spy. 

Ordered, That the Secretary write To Richard Tea, Esq'r, and 
request his attendance in Council. 

On motion, Agreed, That James Reed, Esq'r, be appointed Pro- 
thonatory of the County of Berks, and that he be Commissioned 
accordingly. 

On motion, Agreed, That Walter Shee be appointed Collector of 
the duties of Tonnage. 

Agreed that a Prothonatory for the County of Chester be chosen 
by ballot; and Benjamin Jacobs was elected and appointed Pro- 
thonatory of the County of Chester. 

Agreed that Jonathan Bayard Smith be appointed Prothonatory 
of the City and County of Philadelphia, and that he be Commis- 
sioned accordingly. 

Mr. Isaac Hazelhurst represented to the Council that a Sum of 
Money, the property of Robert & N. Hyde <fe Company, of Man- 
chester, had been lodged in his hands by William Wild, and that 
lie had given a bond to the Committee of Inspection of Philadel- 
phia, to be accountable to this Council for the said Money, and 
Prays that the said Bond may be Cancelled. 

Colo. Francis Gurney, who was acquainted with that transaction, 
being called before the Council and examined, and there appearing 
no sufficient reasons for detaining the said Money any longer; 
thereupon, 

Ordered, That the said Bond be delivered up to Mr. I Hazle- 
iiurst. 



198 MINUTES OF THE 

The Petition of Capt. Blewer, Mr. Milton, Mr. Gardner and Doc- 
tor Phile, were read. 

On motion, Agreed that a Naval Officer be balloted for ; where- 
upon, Doctor Frederick Phile was chosen and appointed Naval 
Officer for the Port of Philadelphia. 

A General Commission of the Peace for the County of Chester 
was issued this day, dated the 31st March, 1777, and the Dedimus 
Potestatem for the same County was also made out, dated April 
10th, 1777. 



The Council Met. 

Philad'a, Saturday April 5th, 1777. 
present: 
His Excell'y THOS. WHARTON, Esq'r President. 
John Evans, Jonathan Hoge, ") 

George Taylor, John Lowdan, and > Esquires. 

John Proctor, ) 

On motion, Agreed, That Richard Bache, Esq'r, be added to the 
Board of War. 

Agreed that the Delegates of this State apply to Congress to call 
out the Militia of Pennsylvania, that the sense of Congress be 
taken on the Number necessary, and for how long time ; And as 
the Militia has lately been out, and many of them are disgusted 
that the Non Associators of this State have not yet been compell- 
ed to contribute any thing towards the Association, or in support of 
the American cause, and that some of the Associators have screened 
themselves from the service of the last Campaign ; And they com- 
plain very heavily that the burthen lays entirely on those who are 
willing to go forth : there is also great complaints of some of the 
Militia being obliged to go home without their Pay ; the opinion of 
Congress is desired whether a Bounty ought not to be given, and 
how much. 

Frederick Phile appeared and took the Oaths required by the 
Constitution of this State, to Qualify him for the Naval Office ; 
thereupon, 

Ordered, That a Commission be made out to Frederick Phile, as 
Naval Officer for the Port and District of Philadelphia. 

Mr. Jonathan Bayard Smith acquainted the Council that the 
Representatives of this State desired a conference with the Council, 
which the Council agreed to, and Mr. Morris, Mr. Robberdeau, Mr. 
Jonathan Bayard Smith, Mr. Wilson, Mr. Clymer, were intro- 
duced into the Council Chamber. They laid before the Council 
the information received by Congress respecting the probability o* 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 199 

GenT. Howe's intention of marching across New Jersey to this City. 

Gen'l. Armstrong having resigned by Commission as Lieutenant 
of the County of Cumberland; Thereupon, 

Agreed, That Ephraim Blaine, Esq'r, be appointed and Commis- 
sioned as Lieutenant of the said County of Cumberland. 

On motion, Agreed, That John Armstrong, Esq'r, be appointed 
first Brigadier General for the State of Pennsylvania. Agreed, 
That John Cadwallader, Esq'r be appointed second Brigadier Gen- 
eral of the State of Pennsylvania. Agreed, That James Potter, 
Esq'r be appointed Third Brigadier General of the State of Penn- 
sylvania. Agreed, That Samuel Meredith, Esq'r, be appointed 
Fourth Brigadier General of the State of Pennsylvania. 

Ordered, That the Brigadier Generals be immediately Com- 
missioned. 

The Board of War informed the Council that the Hundred 
Thousand Dollars borrowed of Congress, and put into their hands, 
is expended, and that there are many of the Troops prevented 
from Marching, and the Recruiting and other Public Business in- 
terrupted for want of Money, and therefore, they request a Supply 
of Two Hundred Thousand Dollars ; thereupon, 

Agreed, That the Board of War of this State be empowered to 
apply to Congress for the Sum of Two Hundred Thousand Dollars, 
for the purpose aforesaid. 

Mr. Hubley, Representative in this Council for the County of 
Lancaster, presented to the President a resignation of his Seat in 
Council; thereupon, 

Ordered, That a Writ be immediately made out and directed to 
the Sheriff of the County of Lancaster, authorizing and command- 
ing him to hold an Election for the choosing a Councellor in the 
room of Mr. Hubley ; on motion, 

: Agreed, That John Hubley, Esq'r, be appointed Prothonotary of 
the County of Lancaster, and that he be Commissioned accord- 
ingly- 
Agreed, That John Hubley, Esq'r, be appointed Clerk of the 
Orphans' Court of the County of Lancaster, and that he be Com- 
missioned accordingly. John Hubley, Esq'r, appeared and took 
the Qulifications required by the Constitution to Qualify him for 
the said Offices : he was Commissioned accordingly. 

The Navy Board presented a List of Officers, whom they recom- 
mended to be Commissioned on Board the Navy, as follows : Fire 
Sloop Etna, Capt. William Clerk ; Fire Brig Volcano, Lieut. Wil- 
liam Rogers ; Fire Ship Strombulo, Lieut. James McKnight ; Ar- 
nold Battery, 1st Lieut. Thomas Fell .; Effingham, 1st Lieut. James 
Kirk Patrick ; Thunder Guard Ship, Capt. Francis Gilbert ; Dragon 
Do., Capt Benjamin Thompson ; Lyon Do., Capt. Henry Martin ; 
Resolution Do., Capt. William Lyell; Repulse Do., Capt. John 
Harrison; Argus Do., Capt. Nathanl. Gait; Viper Do., Capt. 
Stephen Beasley. 



200 MINUTES OF THE 

Agreed, That the Officers recommended by the Navy Board be 
appointed & commissioned accordingly. 

^ On motion, Agreed, That the Delegates of this State in Congress 
[Blank in Council Book.] 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Monday April 7th, 1777* 

Present His Excell'y. THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, Presi- 
dent. 

Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Evans, Jonathan Hoge, ) r» 

John Lowdan, John Proctor, j ^ Ul 

On motion, Agreed, That Colo. John Shee be added to the Board 
of War. 

Messrs. Steiner & Cist laid before the Board their Accounts of 
Printing Work done, Amounting to the Sum of One Hundred and 
Twenty Four Pounds nine shillings ; and thereupon, An order 
was drawn on the Treasurer of the State for the said Sum. 

On motion, Agreed, That Paul Fooks, Esq'r, be appointed No- 
tary and Tabellion Public for the English, French & Spanish Lan- 
guages, and Interpreter of the same. 

Walter Shee appeared and took the Oath of office required by 
the Constitution to Qualify him for the Office of Collector of the 
duty of Tonnage. 

On motion, Agreed, that John Creigh be appointed Clerk of the 
Orphans' Court of the County of Cumberland, and that he be 
Commissioned accordingly. 

John Connolly having given Bail for his good behaviour & ap- 
pearance before the Council when called upon, was ordered to be 
enlarged. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Tuesday April 8th, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His ExcelFy THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Evans, Jonathan Hoge, > -p 

John Lowdan, John Proctor, 5 ^ s q uires - 

Paul Fooks appeared and took the Oath of Office required by 
the Constitution, to qualify him to act as Notary Public, according 
to appointment of this Board. 



/ . 

SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 201 

Colo. Coats applied to Council for John Norris, (a Son of William 
Norris,) a lad of fifteen Years, taken with Major Stockton, and 
now in our Goal, requesting that he may be liberated, on the fath- 
er's engaging to see him forth coming when called for. Agreed 
that he be liberated accordingly. 

Mary Taylor, Wife of John Taylor, of the Township of Ridley, 
in the County of Chester, complained to the Council of a violent 
assault, committed against her yesterday by Thomas Forrest, (for- 
merly a Servant of Alexander Kidd,) he presenting at her a gun, 
which she understands was loaded, and that she is afraid he will do 
her some bodily hurt; and she being sworn to the said facts, there- 
upon, 

Ordered, That the said Thomas Forrest be committed to Goal, 
untill he finds Security to keep the Peace. 

William Dewees, Esq'r, late Sheriff of the City and County of 
Philadelphia, laid before the Council an Account of the Fees due 
from a number of persons, delivered to the order of the late 
Council of Safety. 

Ordered, That the same be referred to the Board of War. 

On motion, Agreed, That Jacob Plankenhorn be appointed the 
Officer for inspecting of Flour for the City & County of Philadel- 
phia. 

On motion, Agreed, That David Rittenhouse, Owen Biddle, 
Joseph Dean, Richard Bache and John Shee, be appointed and 
Commissioned to act as a Board of War for this State. 

Petition of John Ord praying to be continued Notary Public, 
was read ; and thereupon, 

Ordered, That John Ord be appointed a Notary Public, and that 
he be Commissioned accordingly. 

The following orders were drawn on the Treasurer of the State, 
Vizt : 

An order in favor of Timothy Berrett, for the Sum of Nineteen 
Pounds Ten Shillings, for Candlesticks, &c, purchased for the use 
of the Council. 

An order in favor of Robert Bell, for the Sum of Nineteen 
Pounds Ten Shillings, for Books, &ca, purchased for the use of the 
Council. 

An order in favor of Michael Boyer, for the Sum of Ten 
Pounds Ten Shillings, for riding several times as an express for 
Council. 

Richard Tea, Esq'r, Councellor for the County of Berks, sent in 
a Resignation of his Seat; and thereupon, 

Ordered, That a Writ be immediately, issued for electing a 
Councellor for the County of Berks, in the room of Richard Tea, 
Esq'r. 

The Petition of John North and Caleb North, Two lads taken 
in New Jersey, being laid before the Council, and their case being 
taken into Consideration ; thereupon, 



202 MINUTES OF THE 

Ordered, That on Account of their Youth they be enlarged, and 
the Secretary write to Gov'r Livingston, recommending their case 
to his consideration. 

On motion, Agreed, That a Commission be given to William 
Atlee, Esq'r, to hear and enquire concerning certain charges against 
Joseph Richardson, said to be confined in the Goal of Lancaster, 
for certain misdemeanor, and to take Bail for his appearance to an- 
swer such charge, or otherwise, as to him shall seem just. 



The Council Met. 

Philad'a, Wednesday April 9th, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 

Honb. George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Evans, Jonathan Hoge, £ EsQuireg 

John Lowdan, John Proctor, 5 

Joseph Reed, Esq'r, attended the Council, and informed them 
that some conditional engagements to Gen'l Washington, which he 
had entered into some time ago, were of such a nature that until 
some movements of the Enemy were made, and their designs in 
some measure known, and for some other reasons, he could not at 
present accept the appointment, but that he held himself bound to 
do everything in his power for the Interest of his Country, and as 
the Council intended an adjournment, he would consider farther of 
the matter & fix his resolution on this subject, &ca. 

The State Navy Board sent in a recommendation of Two Officers 
of the Navy, Viz: Brigantine Convention, first Lieu't Douglas 
Spence. Battery Putnam, 2d lieu't George Myers. 

Agreed, That the Paymaster of the Pennsylvania Fleet be al- 
lowed Captain's Pay. 

Ordered, That Lieut. Douglas Spence, and Second Lieut. George 
Myers, recommended by the Navy Board, be Commissioned accord- 
ingly- 

The Secretary of the Board of War laid before the Council a 
draft by Congress on John Gibson, Esq'r, Auditor General, in favor 
of this Council, for One Hundred Thousand Dollars, date yester- 
day. 

Ordered, That the same be made payable to John Maxwell Nes- 
bitt, Esq'r, Treasurer to the Board of War. 

Mr. Clymer, Mr. Robberdeau, Mr. Smith, and Mr. Wilson, at- 
tended and laid before the Council a Letter from General Putnam, 
dated Yesterday, respecting the motions of the Enemy. 

Agreed, That Two Members of the Board of War of this State 
be requested to attend the Council. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 203 

Mr. Dean and Mr. Shee, from the Board of War, attended, and 
the Intelligence received from Congress being communicated to 
them ; On consideration, 

Agreed, That the Council will this Evening confer with a Com- 
mittee of Congress on the measures necessary to be taken on the 
present occasion, and that Two Gentlemen of the Board of War, 
and Two from the Navy Board, be requested to attend in the said 
consultation. 



The Council Met. 

Philad'a, Thursday April 10, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His ExoelTy THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 

John Evans, Jonathan Hoge, | EsQU3 * res 

John Lowdan, John Proctor, j ^ 

Jacob Morgan, Esq'r, having declined to act as Lieutenant of the 
City of Philadelphia; thereupon, 

Agreed. That James Reed, Esq'r, be appointed Lieutenant of 
the City of Philadelphia, and that he be Commissioned accord- 
ingly. 

Agreed, That James Reed, Esq'r, be appointed Sub-Lieutenant 
of the City of Philadelpnia, in the room of George Henry, Esq'r. 

Richard Tea, Esq'r, having resigned his Seat in Council ; there- 
upon, 

Ordered, That a writ be issued to the Sheriff of the County of 
Berks, requiring him to hold an Election for choosing a Representa- 
tive of the said County in this Council, and make return thereof to 
this Council on the 12th of May next. 

A Letter of the Eighth instant, from Gcn'l Putnam, at Prinee- 
town, was read. 

Ordered, That a Copy of said Letter be delivered by the Dele- 
gates of Pennsylvania to the Executive Council of the said State. 

The following Resolution of Congress was laid before the 
Council : 

"In Congress, Wednesday April 9th, 1777. 

" Resolved, That a Committee of five be appointed to consider 
what steps are proper to be taken by Congress, and recommended 
by the State of Pennsylvania, for opposing the Enemy if they 
should attempt to penetrate through New Jersey, or to Attack Phila- 
delphia; That the said Committee be instructed to confer on these 



204 MINUTES OF THE 

subjects with the Executive Power of the State of Pennsylvania, 
and with the General Officers now in Philadelphia. 

"The Members chosen, Mr. Wilson, Mr. Clymer, Mr. Lee, Mr. 
Clark, and Mr. J. Adams. 

" Extracts from the Minutes. 

"CHARLES THOMPSON, Sec'y." 
On motion, 
Ordered, That the following Address to the Public be imme- 
diately published and dispersed : , 

"In Council, Philadelphia, April 9th, 1777. 
" To the People of Pennsylvania : 

" By the intelligence which the Council have this day received 
from General Putnam, the Enemy are in motion toward South 
Amboy, and it is probable they will once more attempt to pass 
through New Jersey, and endeavour to gain possession of Phila- 
delphia. The Council think it a duty which they owe to the Pub- 
lic, to give them the earliest intelligence of the movements of the 
Enemy, that every possible effort may be made effectually to op- 
pose them, and prevent the many great inconveniences and disa- 
greeable consequences which must arise from the loss of the City, 
consequences which will effect not only the People of Philadelphia, 
& the State of Pennsylvania, but also the whole Continent of 
America. This City has been once saved by the vigorous, manly 
efforts of a few brave Associators, who generally stept forward in 
the defence of their Country, and it has been repeatedly and justly 
observed, and ought to be acknowledged as a signal evidence of the 
favour of Divine Providence, that the lives of the Militia, in every 
Battle during this just War, has been remarkably spared; confi- 
ding, therefore, in the continuance of his blessing who is indeed 
the God of Armies, let every Man among us hold himself ready to 
march into the field whenever he shall be called upon so to do ; if 
the Enemy really intend to make an attack on this State, no time 
should be lost; every moment should be employed in putting our- 
selve in perfect readiness to repel them. 

u The inconveniencies which naturally and unavoidably will arise 
from the Militia taking the field, induseth The Council to wait as 
long as may be consistent with the Safety of the State, before they 
call them to Arms. In Justice to yourselves and posterity, we en- 
treat you to be ready, for whenever the time shall come wherein 
you must either tamely submit yourselves to the immediate insults 
of haughty Tyrants, whose lust and avarice will make a prey of 
every thing which human beings, while they retain their senses, 
esteem worth possessing, or bravely determine to oppose your ene- 
mies in the field. The notice will be short. The call must and 
will be sudden, and it is too probable, may happen in a few days. 
The Militia of this Sta*te, it is feared, cannot be arranged under the 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 205 

Law, in time for the present emergency. Yet, we have not the 
least doubt but that the same spirit of Liberty which blazed forth 
in the Winter Campaign, will animate every virtuous breast to act 
once^more on the same generous principles, which in the depth of 
Winter led you forward to a harvest of Glory on the Hills of 
Princetown. The cause is the same, and the Prize we contend for 
far from losing its lustre, is become more valuable to Us, b^ the 
price we have already paid for it. Those who shall go into the 
field on the present occasion, will be considered as having taken 
their Tour of duty, and will not be called upon again untill the 
Whole Militia of the State shall have served in turn, agreeable to 
the Spirit of the Militia Law. Congress propose to form a Camp 
near the City of Philadelphia, to which the Militia of Pennsylva- 
nia will, when called upon, repair. Arms, Tents, and the necessary 
Camp Equipage, are provided, and the utmost attention will be 
given to the measures necessary to make a Spring Campaign as 
agreeable to you as possible. It is your own virtue and firmness, 
next to the care and protection of Heaven, that you must depend 
for your Liberty and Safety, and a spirited conduct in the time of 
danger will fix your character both at home and abroad. 

« THOS. WHARTON, jun'r, President" * 

On motion, Agreed, That. James Galbraith be appointed Lieute- 
nant of the County of Cumberland in the room of Ephraim Blaine, 
who declines serving. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer of the State in favor o.f 
John Evans, Esq'r, for the Sum of Fifty Pounds Twelve Shillings 
ard Six Pence, for Thirty days' attendance, and Mileage forty-five 
Miles, at Ten pence p. Mile. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer of the State in favor of 
Jonathan Hoge, Esq'r, for the Sum of Sixty-Eight Pounds Seven 
Shillings & Six Pence, in full for his attendance as Councellor, and 
Mileage one Hundred and Eleven Miles, at Ten pence p Mile. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer of the State in favor of 
John Lowdan, Esq'r, for the Sum of Eighty-five Pounds One Shil- 
ling and Eight Pence, in full for his attendance as Councellor, and 
Mileage one Hundred and Seventy Miles, at Ten pence p Mile. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer of the State in favor of 
John Proctor. Esq'r, for the Sum of Ninety Pounds, Twelve Shil- 
lings and Six Pence, in full for his attendance as Councellor for 
Sixty-Three days, and Mileage for Two hundred and Eighty-four 
Miles, at Ten pence *$ Mile. 

Mr. Grnnning Bedford and Mr. Thomas Nevil having examined 
the Old Goal of this City, and reported to the Council that con- 
siderable repairs were necessary ; thereupon, 

Ordered, That it be recommended to the Commissioners to have 
the necessary repairs made immediately. 



206 MINUTES OF THE 

The Council met. 

Philad'a, Tuesday May 6th, 1777. 

PRESENT I 

tfis Excell'y THOS. WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 

John Evans, Jonathan Hoge, j> ™ 

JohnLowdan, John Proctor, £ ^ s( l uires - 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer of the State for the Sum 
of Fifteen Hundred Pounds, for the purpose of Paying Substitutes 
and purchasing Blankets, in favor of Colo. Lacey, to be charged to 
Colo. Kirkbride, Lieutenant of the County of Bucks. 

The Council met. 

Philad'a, Wednesday May 7th, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THOS. WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
John Evans, Jonathan Hoge, } ™ 

John Lowdan, John Proctor, $ ^ s( * uires - 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer of the State, for the Sum 
of Five Pounds, in favor of John Contzat, for riding Express four 
days. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Thursday May 8 th, 1777. 

present : 
His Excell'y THOS. WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
John Evans, Jonathan Hoge, > ™ 

John Lowdan, John Proctor, 5 ^ S( l mres - 

James Reed, Esq'r, appeared before His Excellency and took 
the Qualifications required by the Constitution to Qualify him to 
act aa Prothonotary of Berks County. 

A Commission was issued to John Ord, Esq'r, as Notary and 
Tabellion Public for this State, dated April 8th, 1777. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 207 

The Council met. 

Philad'a, Friday May 9th, 1777. 

PRESENT I 

His Excell'y THOS. WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 

John Evans. Jonathan Hoge, > Esquires. 

John Lowdan, John Proctor, $ 

Six Blank Commissions were sent to the Navy Board. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Monday May 12th, 1777. 

PRESENT I 

His ExcelFy THO'S. WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
John Evans, Jonathan Hoge, £ EgQuireg 

John Lowdan, John Proctor, 5 

An order was this day drawn on David Rittenhouse, Esq'r, 
Treasurer of the State, for the Sum of Fifteen Hundred Pounds, in 
favor of Colo. Coates, to Pay the Militia one Month's advance. 



The Council met. 



Philad'a, Friday May 16th, 1777. 



PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THOS. WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 

John Evans, Jonathan Hoge, ) EsQuireg 

John Lowdan, John Proctor, j 4 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer of the State for the Sum 
of Three Hundred Pounds, in favor of Robert L. Hooper, Junior, 
for the purpose of Paying for blankets and procuring Substitutes 
in the County of Northampton, to be charged to Colo. Jonn Wetzle, 
Lieutenant of the said County. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer of the State for the Sum 
of One Thousand Pounds, in favor of Colo. Coates, Lieutenant of 
the County of Philadelphia, for the Paying of Substitutes, purchas- 
ing of Blankets, and advance of Pay to the Militia, to be accounted 
for by him. 



208 MINUTES OF THE 

The Council met. 

Philad'a, Tuesday May 20th, 1777. 

PRESENT I 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Jacob Morgan, Jonathan Hoge, ) EsQuireg 

John Proctor, I 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Wednesday May 21st, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Jacob Morgan, Jonathan Hoge, ) ™ 

John Proctor, b '\ Es 1 ulres ' 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer of the State, for the Sum 
of Eight Hundred Pounds, in favor of Colo. Lacey, to be charged 
to Colonel Kirkbride, for the purpose of paying substitutes and pur- 
chasing Blankets in Bucks County. 

Colo. Bull and Mr. Whitehill, a Committee of the House of As- 
sembly, attended the Council, and informed them that the House 
of Assembly were now met and ready to proceed to business. 

A Certificate of the appointment of Jas. McDowell, a Sub-Lieu- 
tenant of the County of Cumberland, in the Room of Rob't McCoy, 
deceased, was laid before the Council. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Thursday May 22d, 1777. 
present : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Jacob Morgan, . Jonathan Hoge, Esquires. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer of the State, in favor of 
Jacob Morgan, jun'r, Esq'r, for the Sum of Six Hundred Pounds, 
to be charged to Colo. Jacob Morgan, Esq'r, Lieutenant of the 
County of Berks, to be applied in purchasing of Blankets and Pay- 
ing substitutes in the County of Berks. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer, in favor of Jonathan 
Hoge, Esq'r, for the Sum of One Thousand Pounds, to be charged 
to Colo. James Galbraith, Lieutenant of the County of Cumberland, 
to pay for Blankets and procure Substitutes in the said County. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 209 

The Council met. 

Philad'a, Friday May 23d, 1777. 

PRESENT I 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
John EyanSj Jonathan Hoge, Esquires. 



The Council met, 

Philad'a, Saturday May 24th, 1777. 

present : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
John Evans, Jacob Morgan, and ? ™ g . 

Jonathan Hoge, S 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer of the State, in favor of 
Colo. Coats, for the Sum of Six Hundred Pounds, to be applied 
to purchase Blankets & procure Substitutes in the County of Phila- 
delphia. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Thursday May 29th, 1777. 

present : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
John Proctor, John Bailey, Esquires. 

Generals Armstrong and Potter attended in Council. 
Generals Armstrong and Potter recommended an application to 
the Lieutenants to expedite their proportion of Militia being sent 
to the places of Destination. President orders that the several 
Lieutenants be written to on this Subject. 



VOL. XI. — 14. 



Jonathan Hosre, ) ™ 

John Bailey, £ Es( * uires - 



210 MINUTES OF THE 

The Council met. 

Philad'a, Monday June 2, 177' 

PRESENT : 

His Exceli'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
John Evans, 
John Proctor, 

Mr. John Bailey, Councellor Elect for the County of Lancaster, 
attended in Council, and took the Qualifications required by the con- 
stitution, to qualify him for a Seat in Council; and thereupon took 
his Seat accordingly. 

Mr. Bayard, the Speaker of the Hon'ble House of Assembly, 
Colo. Bull, Mr. McClean, Colo. Moore and Colo. Coats, a Com- 
mittee of the House of Assembly, attended in Council, and inform- 
ed the Council that the House had been called upon by Congress 
to complete the Quotas of Troops which this State were to furnish 
to the Continental Army, and requested that the Council will furnish 
the House with an Account of the Men furnished by this State in 
consequence of the requisition of Congress; thereupon, 

Ordered, That the Board of War be requested to make a return 
to the Council as soon as possible, of the number of men furnished 
by this State to the Continental Army, according to the requisition 
of Congress. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Tuesday June 3d, 1777 

PRESENT : 

His Exceli'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
John Evans, John Bailey, ) ™ 

Jonathan Hoge, John Proctor, \ ^ 

Colo. Bradford and Captain Bluer, from the Navy Board, atten- 
ded and informed the Council that the Bridge over Schuylkill was 
now so nearly completed that Waggons may pass over it, and also, 
that the Navy Board are in want of Money. 

Mr. Parker & Colo. Lallor, a Committee of Assembly, attended 
and laid before the Council a Memorial of the Officers of the 
Pennsylvania State Regiment, and wherein they complain that by 
the appointment of John Bull, Esq'r, to the command of the Penn- 
sylvania State Regiment, The said Memorialists are very much ag- 
grieved; And also the Memorial of Major Francis McCurry, of the 
same Regiment, complaining that Capt. Morrow, an officer of infe- 
rior Rank, had been advanced over his head. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 211 

A Petition of a number of Freeholders and Inhabitants of the 
Borough of Lancaster, addressed to the General Assembly of Rep- 
resentatives of the Freemen of Pennsylvania, and to the Hon'ble 
the Executive Council for said State, setting forth the great incon- 
veniencies which that Borough labor under, from the want of Mag- 
istrates and Borough Officers, and praying that the Honorable 
House of Assembly and Supreme Executive Council will provide 
a remedy, was read. 

Mr. Rittenhouse, Mr. Biddle, Colo. Shea, and Colo. Dean, from 
the Board of War, attended in Council, and represented that the 
Treasury was exhausted, and the demands for it very large; That 
they are informed there is in the hands of the Trustees of the Gen- 
eral Loan Office near Fifteen Thousand Pounds, which they appre- 
hend may be borrowed for the present emergency, to be replaced as 
soon as the Money now in the Press is ready to be emitted. And 
that the State Battalion and the Battalion of Artillery are found 
to be a very great expence to the State, and it appears to them 
may and ought to be put into Continental Pay, as part of the 
Quota required of this State by Congress. That the Expence of 
the Gun Factory and the Cannon Foundery established in this State,, 
has been and still continues to be very great, and as the Conti- 
nent is now reaping the advantage of these institutions, the Board 
of War propose that both of them be delivered into the hands of 
Congress. 

Ordered, that application be made to the Hon'ble House of As- 
sembly, requesting the House will order the Sum of Money now in 
the hands of the Trustees of the General Loan Office, be paid into 
the hands of the Treasurer of the State, to serve the present emer- 
gency, until the money now in the Press is ready to be issued, the 
same to be replaced as soon as the Money appropriated by the House 
for the Disbursements of Council is ready to be issued. 

Ordered, that Mr. Evans and Mr. Hoge lay the foregoing Re- 
solve before the Hon'ble House this Afternoon. 

It appearing that John Henry, one of the Magistrates appointed 
for the Borough of Lancaster is dead, and that Mr. Shafner, Mag- 
istrate elect, declines serving in that Office ; thereupon, 

Ordered, That Michael Hubly and John Hobson be appointed 
Justices of the Peace for the County of Lancaster, and that they be 
Commissioned accordingly. ■ 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer of the State in favor of 
Mr. Beeks, for the sum of Seven Pounds ten Shillings, in full for 
six days Express riding. 

His Excell'y the President issued a Warrant to any Constable 
to assist the Lieutenant, Sub-Lieutenant, and their Officers, in col- 
lecting Blankets. 

The Council took into Consideration the returns of Justices made 
by the Several Districts of Northampton County, & thereupon 
appointed 1st Robert Frail ; 2d Peter Texell, the elder; 3d Nicho- 



212 MINUTES OF THE 

las Depui ; 4th Christopher Waggoner ; 6th Jacob Murray ; (5th 
Felix Lyn; 7th John Ardnt; 8th Henry Fullert; 9th Thomas 
Sillyman; 10th Thomas Hartman ; 11th Benjamin Dupui; 12th 
Samuel Rea; 13th William McNair; 14th Lewis Straehery; 15th 
Manuel Gonsoles ; 16th James Vauahan ; 17th David Deshler ; 
18th Frederick Lemboch; 19th Matthias Probst; 20th Peter 
Moyer; 21st Jacob Horner; 22d Daniel Snyder; 23d Nicholas 
Kern; to be Justices of the Peace for the said County of Northamp- 
ton, and commissioned accordingly. 

Colo. Galbraith having now made application for Arms for 
the Militia of the County of Lancaster, now called into Service ; 
thereupon, 

Ordered, That all the Arms of the County of Lancaster belong- 
ing to the State be immediately delivered into the Hands of Col. 
Bartram Galbraith, Lieutenant of the same County, for the purpose 
of Arming the Militia of that County, which are now called into 
Service. 

His Excell'y the President laid before the Couneil three Strings 
of Wampum, which had been delivered to him some time before by 
Thomas Green, a Nominal Indian of the Nation, requesting 
that a Flag of the United States might be delivered to him, to take 
to the Chiefs of his Nation, to be used by them for their security 
& protection, when they may have occasion to visit us, their Breth- 
ren, And that His Excell'y had referred him to Congress for an 
Answer to his request. 



The Council met. 

"Philad'a, Wednesday June 4th, 1777- 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, Jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
John Evans, John Bailey, ? E ires 

Jonathan Hoge, John Proctor. $ 4 

Robert Levers, Robert Traill and Peter Trexler, Esq'r, or any 
one of them, were appointed to Qualify the Justices of the County 
of Northampton, and ordered to be Commissioned for that purpose 
accordingly. 

The following Resolve of Congress was sent up to the Council, 
Viz. : 

" In Congress, June 3d, 1777. 

" Resolved, That the Board of War be directed To furnish the 
Supreme Executive Council of the State of Pennsylvania with such 
Arms as may be necessary for the use of such of their Militia as are 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 213 

now called into Service, and which cannot otherwise be supplied, 
the said State to be accountable. And, That it be strongly recom- 
mended to the said Council to make use of the most effectual means, 
that the Arms so furnished may be returned to the Commissary 
General of Military Stores, or to one of his Deputies. Extract from 
the Minutes. 

« CHARLES THOMPSON, Sec'y." 

An order was drawn on the Continental Board of War, for One 
hundred and fifty Stand of Arms, to be delivered to Colo. William 
Coats, Lieutenant of the County of Philadelphia, agreeable to the 
foregoing Resolve of Congress. 

The Hon'ble House of General Assembly sent to the Council, 
by their Clerk, the following order, To Wit : 

" Gentlemen : 

" By virtue of a Resolve of the General Assembly of the Com- 
monwealth of Pennsylvania made this day, I hereby order you to 
Pay to David Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of this State, the 
Sum of Twenty Thousand Pounds, which will be replaced in your 
hands by the mode prescribed by the said Resolve. 
" I am, Gentlemen, 

" Your humble Serv't, 

"JOHN BAYARD, Speaker. 
a In General Assembly, June 4, 1777. 

" To Samuel Preston Moore, Amos Strettel, Abram Chapman, 
Humphrey Marshall, and Moses Brihton, Esq'rs, Trustees of the 
General Loan Office of Pennsylvania." 

Colo. Proctor is requested to deliver the said order to Mr. Rit- 
tenhouse, and inform him that the Council desire he will apply to 
the said Trustees for the said Money as soon as possible, as the 
Council will have occasion to draw upon him for several Sums of 
Money immediately. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Thursday June 5, 1777. 
present : 
His ExcelPy THOMAS WHARTON, Jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
John Evans, John Baily, > ™ 

Jonathan Hoge, John Proctor, $ ^ s( l mres - 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer of the State in favor of 
Ool. Joseph Hart for the Sum of Seven Hundred and Fifty Pounds, 



214 MINUTES OF THE 

to be charged to Colo. Joseph Kirkbride, Lieutenant of tke County 
of Bucks, to be applied in the purchasing Blankets and Arms, and 
for paying of Substitutes in said County. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Colo. William 
Coates for the Sum of Four Hundred Pounds, to pay the Militia, 
&ca, of the County of Philadelphia, for which he is to Account. 

The following orders were also drawn on the Treasurer of the 
State, Viz : In favor of Michael Boyer, for riding express, the Sum 
of Eight Pounds Fifteen Shillings ; In favor of Frederick Weer, 
for riding Express, the Sum of Five Pounds ; in favor of George 
Friend, for riding Express, the Sum of Ten Pounds ; In favor of 
John Bird, for riding Express, the Sum of Twelve Pounds Ten 
Shillings ; In favor of Robert Irwin, for Wood, part of which was 
used by the Assembly, the Sum of Twenty Pounds ; In favor of 
James Smither, for State Seal, lesser Seal of the State, and engra- 
ving the same, the Sum of Eight Pounds ; In favor of Adam Beek, 
for riding Express, the Sum of Seven Pounds Ten Shillings ) In 
favor of George Gentner, for Riding Express, the Sum of Twelve 
Pounds Five Shillings. 

An order was also drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Bartram 
Galbraith, Esq'r, Lieutenant of the County of Lancaster, for the 
Sum of Two Thousand Pounds, to be applied in raising the Militia 
of that County, and purchasing of Blankets, &ca, for which he is 
to Account. 

On Motion, agreed unanimously, that Brigad'r Gen'l John Arm- 
strong be appointed a Major General, and Commissioned accord- 
ingly. 



The Council Met. 



Philad'a, Friday June 6th, 1777. 



present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Evans, Jonathan Hoge, > E ires 

John Baily, John Proctor. \ " 4 

The Petition of Walter Hall, Esq'r, was laid before the Council, 
Wherein he complains that a certain John Lynch, who is indebted 
to him to the Amount of upwards of Five Hundred Pounds, is about 
to depart this State without Paying the said Debt, or giving secu- 
rity for the same ; and as the courts of Justice are not yet open, he 
finds himself under the necessity of applying in this way to the 
Council, in hopes that some measures may be adopted to prevent 
the said Lynch from departing out of the State, without first giving 
security for the Payment of this Debt, or otherwise satisfy him for 
the same. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 215 

Ordered, That this Petition be laid before the Hori'ble House of 
Assembly, and that it be recommended to their consideration the 
propriety and expediency of passing a Law to compel persons about 
to depart the State to pay their Just Debts, or otherwise to satisfy 
their Creditors, by giving security, before a Justice of the Peace, or 
otherwise this Law to have force until the Prothonotary's Office in 
each County in the State Respectively, shall be opened, and the 
Laws in these respects made, have their force and effect. 

Doctor Gardner & Mr McClean, a Committee of the Hon'ble 
House of G-eneral Assembly, attended in Council, and informed the 
Board that the House having received from them some intimation 
of the propriety of turning over the State Battalion, and the Bat- 
talion of Artillery, had taken that subject into their consideration, 
and were disposed to attend to any plan for this purpose which the 
Council shall lay before them. 

The Council took into their Consideration the returns made by 
several of the Districts of the County of Philadelphia j and there- 
upon, 

Ordered, That a General Commission of the Peace, &ca, be 
made out, and that the Names of the following Gentlemen be in- 
serted therein, vizt : Samuel Ashmead, George Bryan, James 
Young, John Moore, John Ord, Jonathan Paschall, Joseph Redman, 
Sen'r., Peter Evans, George Henry, Plunket Fleeson, Isaac Howell, 
Benj'n Paschall, Seth Qee, Andrew Knox, John Knowles, David 
Todd, Philip Boehm, Zebulon Potts, and John Richards. 

The State taking into consideration the State of the Provincial 
Land Force, and the following Letter to the Hon'ble House of As- 
sembly being read, was Agreed to, signed by the President, and 
sent to the Speaker of the House, Vizt : 

" In Council. 

" Philad'a, June 6th, 1777. 

" The House taking into consideration the very great expence 
this State has been at, and which is likely to continue, altho' the 
utmost economy should be used whilst we are obliged to oppose the 
Tyranny of Great Britain, think it our Duty to represent to Your 
Hon'ble House, that as the Troops in the Pay of this State have 
been, and no doubt will continue to be of General Advantage to the 
United States, and as the Hon'ble Congress has allotted Twelve 
Regiments to be raised by Pennsylvania, and has called for a return 
of the Regiments, in order to know how far we are deficient in the 
number required of us, it is our opinion it will be prudent to put 
into the Continental Service and Pay, the Battalion now called the 
State Battalion, which has been raised chiefly out of the remains of 
the Battalion lately under the Command of Colo. Miles and Colo. 
Atlee, the Regiments of Artillery under the Command of Colo. 
Proctor, and a Company under the Command of Capt. Pugh, raised 



216 MINUTES OF THE 

for guarding the Powder Mills. The Council of Safety, we under- 
stand, were induced to raise these troops in order to provide for the 
unfortunate Officers who were released from the Enemy, and that 
the said Council might have some Forces under their Command for 
the defence of the State, until General Washington should be able 
effectually to oppose the Enemy, which time we hope, with the As- 
sistance of Providence, is now come. The expence that will attend 
the support of the Fleet fitted out for the defence of the River, 
should we be obliged to pay it, that of sinking the Chevaux de Frize, 
and the incidental expences of the State, will be very heavy. We 
therefore recommend to the Hon'ble House to instruct the Dele- 
gates of this State to settle this matter in Congress, in such a way 
as your Hon'ble House may judge most likely to answer a good 
purpose. 

"I am, &ca., 

"Hon'ble JOHN BAYARD, Esq'r, 

" Speaker of the General Assembly." 

Ordered, That the Secretary be directed to write* to Thomas 
Taylor, Esq'r, Register 'and Recorder of the County of Chester, to 
enquire Whether he has received the Papers and Records belonging 
to those Offices, and to inform him that if he has not, the Council 
expects he will use the means pointed out by the Law passed for 
such purposes, if they be necessary, to gain possession of them, as it 
is of great importance to the Public that they be under the direc- 
tion of the proper Officers. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Monday June 9th, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Baily, Jonathan Hoge, > E ire3 

John Proctor, S " 

Mrs. Stockton, wife of Major Stockton, applied for leave to at- 
tend her Husband, who is confined in Goal, and indisposed, and 
leave was given her so to do. 

Daniel Clymer, Esq'r, attended the Council, -And laid before them 
some reasons tending to prove that Joseph Richardson, now confined 
in Lancaster Goal on a charge of counterfeiting, &ca, ought to be 
admitted to Bail, which he is ready to give. The Council agreed 
to take the matter into their consideration, and inform Mr. Clymer 
of their determination. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 217 

The petition of James Claypoole, praying to be appointed Sheriff 
of the County of Philadelphia, the Sheriff elect having declined to 
act, was presented and read, and ordered to lie on the Table. 

Benjamin Fell, Coroner elect for the County of Bucks, appeared 
in Council, and was Qualified according to the direction of the Con- 
stitution, and ordered to be Commissioned accordingly. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a., Tuesday June 10th, 1777. 

present : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r., Vice President. 

Jonathan Hoge, John Proctor, ") ™ 

t r> *i e r -EiSGUireS. 

J no. Bailey, & ) 

Joseph Kirkbride, Esq'r, Lieutenant of the County of Bucks, 
applied for money to pay substitutes, purchase Blankets, &ca., in 
the County of Bucks ; thereupon, 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer of the State, in favor of 
Colo. Kirkbride, for the Sum of One Thousand and Five Hundred 
Pounds, for the aforesaid purpose. 

An order was also drawn on the Continental Board of War, for 
Fifty Stand of Arms, to be delivered to Colonel Joseph Kirk- 
bride. 

Captain Blewer and Paul Coxe, from the Board of War of this 
State, applied in the name of the said Board for a Sum of Money 
for the Payment of the Navy ; whereupon. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer of the State in favor of 
the Chairman of the Navy Board, to be accounted for by that Board 
to John Maxwell Nesbitt, Esq'r. 

Mr. James McLean and Dr. Gardner, a Committee of General 
Assembly, attended in Council and laid before them the following 
Minutes of General Assembly, Viz : 

"In General Assembly, Monday June 9th, 1777. 
" On motion, 
" Resolved, That Mr. Parker and Mr. McClean be a Committee to 
wait on His Excell'y the President and Executive Council j that 
this House is in hopes to get through the business now before them 
by the end of this Week; That before the House adjourns, they 
are desirous of confering with them upon the State of Public Af- 
fairs of this Commonwealth, and if the Council concurs with the 
House in their opinion of the expediency of such a conference, de- 



218 MINUTES OF THE 

sire they would fix a proper time for it, and give notice thereof to 
the House." 

The said Committee of Assembly also laid before the Council a 
plan of removing the Citizens with their effects out of the City, and 
requested the opinion and advice of Council ; thereupon, 

Ordered, That Colo. Henry be requested to attend the Board this 
Afternoon, Three O'clock, to inform the Council of the State of the 
Militia of the City. 

The Clerk of the General Assembly laid before the Council the 
Minutes of the House of the 6th instant, and of this day, by which 
it appears that Will'm Henry is appointed Lieutenant of the City 
of Philadelphia, and Ephraim Bonham and William Simple are ap- 
pointed Sub Lieutenants of the said City. 

Ordered, That they be Commissioned acccordingly, their 
Commissions to bear date on the day of their respective ap- 
pointments. 

Ordered, That a dedimus be made out, authorizing and em- 
powering James Young and Seth Quee, Esq'r, to administer to 
such Officers as have been or may be Commissioned by this Coun- 
cil, the Oaths of Affirmation required by the Constitution of this 
Commonwealth to Qualify them to perform their Offices respec- 
tively. 

Application being made by the Board of War of this State for a 
Sum of Money put into the hands of their Commissary, and for 
other purposes, An order was drawn on the Treasurers of the State 
in favor of the Chairman of the said Board of War, for the Sum of 
Two Thousand Pounds. 

Colo. Morgan, Lieutenant of the County of Berks, attended the 
Council, and requested to be furnished with One hundred and Fifty 
Stand of Arms ; thereupon, 

An order was drawn on the Continental Board of War for One 
hundred and fifty Stand of Arms, to be delivered to Jacob Morgan, 
Esq'r. Lieutenant of the County of Berks, and also One Thousand 
Five Hundred Flints. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer of the State in favor of 
the aforesaid Colo. Morgan, for the Sum of Five hundred Pounds. 

The Council having taken into consideration the returns of Jus- 
tices from the several Districts of the County of Northumberland, 
Agreed, That the following Gentlemen be Commissioned as Justi- 
ces in the said County, Viz : Samuel Hunter, Thomas Hewitt, 
Robert Crawford, John Weitzel, Robert Martin, Michael Troy, 
John Livingston, Samuel Allen, John Aurand, William Shaw. 

Ordered, That Samuel Hunter and Tho's Hewitt be Commis- 
sioned to administer to the Justices of the County of Northum- 
berland, the Oaths or affirmations required to be taken by them by 
the Constitution of this Commonwealth. 

The Townships of Bald Eagle and Munsey not having made- 
their returns according to Law, Justices for these Townships not to 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 219 

be appointed until legal Elections are held, and returns made for 
these Townships; of which the Secretary is desired to acquaint the 
Representatives of the County of Northumberland. 

Mr. Egar and Mr. Dunwiddee informed the Council that Charles 
Lukens, Sheriff elect of the County of York, declines serving in that 
Office. 

The Council took into consideration the returns of Justices 
elected in York County, and Agreed, That the following gentlemen 
be appointed Justices of the Peace for the County of York, and 
Commissioned accordingly, Viz : David McCannaughy, Richard Mc- 
Allister, William McClean, William Scott, William Leas, David 
Jameson, Josiah Scott, William Smith, Sam'l Ewin, David Wat- 
son* John Chamberlin, Andrew Thompson, John Hinkle, John Har- 
bach, Robert Stephenson, Archib'd McClean, James Nailor, Thomas 
Douglas, Dan'l Messerly, Benja. Pedan, Joseph Reed, Thomas 
Fisher, John Mickle, jun'r. 

Ordered, That Archibald McClean, David McCannaughy, and 
William Scott, be appointed and Commissioned to administer to the 
Justices, &ca, of the County of York, the Oaths or Affirmations 
required to be taken by the Constitution of this Commonwealth. 



The Council Met. 

Philad'a, Wednesday June 11th, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Bailey, ") 

Jonathan Hoge, v Esquires. 
John Proctor, J 

Colo. William Henry attended the Council, & he was requested 
to Summon the Sub-Lieutenants and direct them to exert them- 
selvesto Arrange the Militia of the City of Philadelphia, and hold 
them in readiness, effectually to oppose the enemy on the shortest 
notice. 

The Speaker of the Hon'ble House of General Assembly having 
informed His Excell'y the President, that the House desired a Con- 
ference with the Council, And his Excellency now laying the same 
before the Board, Agreed, That the Council will meet the House in 
conference this Afternoon at 3 O'Clock. 

Benja. Brannon, Esq'r, Sub-Lieutenant of the County of Ches- 
ter, informing the Council that there were several Companies of 
Artillery Men formed in that County, and requested that they may 
be furnished with a Piece of Artillery proper for exercising the 



220 MINUTES OF THE 

Men, and also a few Pounds of Powder for practising the Firings 
with; 

Ordered, That Colo. Sam'l Mifflin be requested to deliver to 
Colo. Brannon a proper Piece of Artillery for exercising a Company, 
and Twelve Pounds of Powder. 

On motion, Agreed, That James Young, John Ord, Plunket Flee- 
son, Isaac Howell, and Philip Boehm, be appointed Judges of the 
City Court, and Commissioned Accordingly. 

On Motion, Agreed, That John Haley, Esq'r, be appointed Clerk 
of the said Court and Commissioned Accordingly. 

The Council being informed of a Dissatisfaction among some of 
the People, at the present frame of Government, Agreed that the 
following representation bo made to the General Assembly, to wit : 

" To the Hon 'lie the Representatives of the Freemen of the Common- 
wealth of Pennsylvania in General Assembly met: 

" The Supreme Executive Council of the said Commonwealth beg 
leave to represent : 

14 That they are sorry to find the present Constitution of this State 
so dissatisfactory to any of the well affected Inhabit aits thereof, 
and would gladly concur in any suitable and safe measure for the 
removal of this uneasiness; That they are of opinion this might be 
greatly attained by taking the sence of the Majority of the Elec- 
tors throughout the Counties on the important Question, whether 
a Convention be holden at some proper time to reconsider the frame 
of Government formed by the late Convention ? That to fix the 
exact mode of obtaining the mind of the Majority on this subject, 
most properly belongs to their Representatives ; That the Council 
hope that if some suitable mode of advising & getting the People 
at large to declare themselves, and if this were advised and pub- 
lished at this time, great ease and relief would be thereby given to 
some persons who are dissatisfied as aforesaid ; and that unanimity 
in the common cause, so necessary at this time, will be promoted. 

" 13y Order of Council. 

"THOMAS WHARTON, jun., President. 

" Council Chamber, Philad'a June 11th, 1777." 

Ordered, That Mr. Hoge deliver the same to the Speaker of the 
Hon'ble House of General Assembly. 

The Council took into Consideration the returns of Justices for 
the County of Westmoreland, and Agreed to appoint the following 
Gentlemen for Justices of the said County, Viz : Edward Cook, 
John Guthrey, Charles Forman, John More, James Marshall, 
Christ'n Trubv, Philip Rogers, Joseph Huston, Robt Adams, James 
Bair, Hugh Martin, Jas. McGarraugh, John Beard, Andrew Robb, 
Robt, Richy. 

Ordered, That they be Commissioned accordingly. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 221 

Ordered, That a Dedimus potestatum be issued to Archibald 
Locky, Edward Cook, and John More, of the County of Westmore- 
land, to administer to the Justices of the said County the Oaths or 
Affirmations required to be taken by them by the Constitution of 
this Commonwealth. 

On motion, Agreed, That the Prothonotaries of the several Coun- 
ties be appointed and Commissioned to be Judges of the Court of 
Common Pleas in their respective Counties. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Thursday June 12th, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, Jun., Esq'r, President. 
Hon'bie George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Baily, "J 

Jonathan Hoge, and l> Esquires. 
John Proctor, J 

Colo. Morgan, Lieutenant of the County of Berks, applied for 
One hundred and fifty Knapsacks, Two hundred and fifty Canteens, 
One hundred and fifty Cartouch Boxes, for the Militia of Berks 
County, and an order was drawn en the Continental Board of War 
for the same, to be delivered to him or his order. 

Application being made by the Board of War and the Navy 
Board, for a sum of Money to each of them ; thereupon, 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer of the State in favor of 
the Chairman of the Board of War, (or his order,) for the sum of 
Two Thousand Pounds, for which that Board is to Account. 

An order was also drawn on the Treasurer of the State in favor 
of the Chairman of the Navy Board, (or his order,) for the Sum 
of Two Thousand Pounds, for which that Board is to account. 

William Lyons, Esq'r, Prothonotary of the County of Cumber- 
land, appeared in Council, and took the Oaths required by the 
Constitution to qualify him for that Office. 

Colo. Coats having applied for a Sum of Money to Pay Substi- 
tutes, and purchase Blankets, &c. ; thereupon, 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer of the State in favor of 
Colo. William Coats, for the Sum of Six Hundred and fifty Pounds, 
Towards raising the Militia of this County, and for which he is to 
be accountable. 



222 MINUTES OF THE 



The Council met. 



Philad'a, Friday June 13th, 1777, 



present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun., Esq'r, President. 
Hon'blc George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Baily, ~) 

John Proctor, I Esquires. 
Jonathan Hoge, J 
Lewis Nicola, Town Major, in the Name of General Mifflin, re- 
quested an order to the Constables of different townships to fur- 
nish, for the present, One hundred Waggons, and expressed that 
the General thinks Two hundred will be necessary. 

[For the order of Council on this request, See Minutes of June 
14th.] 

Agreed, That James Claypoole be appointed She&iff of the 
County of Philadelphia. 

On motion, agreed, That Will'm Kelly be appointed Sheriff of 
the County of Lancaster. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Saturday June 14th, 1777. 

present : 
His Excell'y THOS. WHARTON, jun., Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Bailey, John Proctor, ? ™ 

Jonathan Hoge, & S 

A Circular Letter to the Lieutenants of the Counties of Chester, 
Lancaster, and York, Philadelphia, Bucks, Cumberland, Berks, 
and Northampton, was this day written, to forward the first Class 
of the Militia immediately, and to hold the second Class in readi- 
ness to march at the shortest notice. In the several Letters now 
written to the Lieu'ts, the Sum of Money sent as mentioned. 

Au order was drawn on the Treasurer of the State in favor of 
Colo. Robert Smith, Lieutenant of the County of Chester, for the 
Sum of One Thousand Pounds, for which he is to account. 

An order was also drawn on the Treasurer in favor of John 
Weitzel, Esq'r, Lieutenant of the County of Northampton, for the 
Sum of One Thousand Pounds, for which he is to account. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer of the State in favor of 
the Secretary, for the Sum of Oae Thousand Pounds, to be by him 



I 

SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 223 

forwarded to Rich'd McCallister, Esq'r, Lieutenant of the County 
of York, and the same was ordered to be charged to the said Rich- 
ard McAllister. 

Gen Mifflin having, by the Town Major, requested that One 
hundred Waggons be immediately furnished by the State, 

Ordered, That the Lieutenants of the Counties of Philadelphia, 
Chester, & Berks, be desired to send, Viz. : Philadelphia, Thirty 
Waggons, Chester, Forty Do., Berks, Thirty Do. 

The Council taking into their consideration the appointing of 
Burgesses, Assistants, and other Officers, for the Borough of Lan- 
caster, Agreed that William Bausman & Casper Shaffner be appoint- 
ed Burgesses, and that William Bausman shall be called Chief 
Burgess within the said Borough ; and Paul Zantzinger, Christ'r 
Crawford, Matthias Graaf, Will'm Ross, Adam Reigart, & Ludowick 
Stone, Assistants; Peter Rowhigh, Constable, & Peter Shaffner, 
town Clerk, of the said Borough of Lancaster. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Saturday June 15, 1777. 
present : 
HisExcell'y THOS WHARTON, Jan., Esq'r, President, 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President, 
Jonathan Hose, and ) ™ 
JohnProctorf £%??•* 

Order on the Contenental Board of War to Capt. Dougherty, for 
Thirty-five stand of Arms & accoutrements, for a Company of 
Volunteers, who propose to turn out with two Pieces of Cannon. 

His Excell'y reports that the President of Congress had delivered 
to him an order on the Continental Board of War for One thousand 
stand of Arms, and that he had endorsed the same to Capt. John 
Campbell, of the City Guards. 

Capt. Moulder applied for Sixty belts, Sixty Knapsacks, Sixty 
Cartridge boxes, & Sixty Canteens, and an order was drawn on 
the Board of War of this State for the same. 

A Company of Artillery offering their service to the Public, and 
the Officers of it requesting to be Commissioned; thereupon, 

Ordered, That the following Gentlemen be Commissioned as 
Officers of the said Company, Viz. : Henry Daugherty, Capt. ; Win- 
gate Newman, Capt.; Lieu't James Craig, 1st Lieu't; Alex'd 
Henderson, 2d Lieu't; Will'm Greenway, Lieut's fire-worker. 

The following resolution of Congress was before the Board, and 
read, Viz. : 



224 MINUTES OF THE 

"In Congress Assembled, Saturday 14th June, 1777. 

" Resolved, That Maj'r Gen'l Arnold be authorized to take upon 
him the Command of all the Militia now at Bristol, and in every 
other part of the River to the Eastward of Philadelphia, which have 
been called forth into service by a requisition of the 24th Day of 
April last, & that he be authorized to dispose of himself & the Troops 
under his Command, in such a manner as he shall Deem best 
adapted to promote the Public Service." 

Ordered, That a Copy of the foregoing resolution be sent to the 
President and Supreme Executive Council of the State of Pennsyl- 
vania for their concurrence. 

On motion, 

Ordered, That the 2d Class of the Militia of the County of 
Philadelphia, Chester, Bucks, Lancaster, York, Cumberland, Berks, 
& Northampton, be Ordered to march to the places to which the 
first Class of the said Counties respectively are ordered; and that 
the third Class be got in readiness to march, and also that the 1st 
and 2d Class of the City Militia be ordered to march for Bristol, & 
that the 3d Class hold themselves in Readiness to march at the 
shortest warning. 
On motion. 

Resolved, That the 1st class of the Militia of the County of 
Northumberland, be ordered to march to Bristol, and that the 2d 
be got in readiness to march at the shortest notice. As the great 
demand for money has drained our Treasury, and a Considerable 
Sum is immediately wanted for paying of substitutes and other 
purposes, necessary to get the Militia ready for the field, and the 
Money ordered to be struck by the General Assembly cannot be 
signed in time; thereupon, 

Resolved, That Application be made to Congress to lend the 
Council the Sum of Fifty Thousand Dollars, to be repaid in a few 
days, so as that it may not pass to the General Account of the 
State. 

The Secretary laid before the Council a Letter which he this Day 
received from John Kidd, Esq'r, dated the 31st May, wherein he 
expressed that he is obliged to decline the honor of becoming one 
of the Executive Council, on account of his state of health. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 225 

The Council met. 

Philad'a, Tuesday June 17th, 1777. 
present : 
His ExcelPy THOS. WHARTON, jun., Esq'r, President, 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Evans, John Proctor, ~) -™ 

Jonathan Hoge, & j 

On motion, 

Agreed, That Colo. Bull be appointed Adjutant Gen'l of the 
Militia of this State. 

On Motion, agreed, That Colo. Walter Stewart be appointed Colo, 
t>f the State Regiment in the room of Colo. Bull, who is promoted 
to be Adjutant General. 

One of the Delegates of this State in Congress, informed the 
Council that Congress had ordered twenty Copies of their minutes 
to be Delivered to this State. 

Ordered, That the^ecretary apply for the said minutes, retain, 
them in his hands, to be disposed of as the Council shall direct. 

Capt. Montgomery attended the Council with a Message from 
Gen'l Mifflin, informing the Council that Gen'l Sullivan had or- 
dered the Militia collected at Coryel's Ferry to march forward to- 
ward the Enemy in New Jersey, and that is, therefore, necessary to 
send a number of the militia to occupy that Post, which is now 
entirely vacant. 

Jonath'n Bayard Smith, Esq'r, sent in by the Secretary, a draft 
of Congress 5 signed by the Speaker, on John Gibson, Esq'r, Au- 
ditor General, for the Sum of Fifty Thousand Dollars, payable to 
the Hon'ble The President & Supreme Executive Council of the 
State of Pennsylvania, or their order, it being advanced to said 
State, for which it is to be accountable. 

Ordered, That the same be made payable to Dav'd Rittenhouse ? 
Esq'r, Treasurer of the State. 

Ordered, That a Draft be made out on Dav'd Rittenhouse,, 
Esq'r, Treasurer, in favor of John Maxwell Nesbitt, Esq'r, Trea- 
surer of the Board of War, for the Sum of Twenty Thousand 
Dollars, for which sum he is to account. 

An order was also drawn on the Treasurer, in favor of Lewis 
Granow, Esq'r, Sub-Lieutenant of the County of Chester, for the 
Sum of Four Thousand Dollars, to be charged to Robert Smith, 
Esq'r, Lieutenant of the said County, for the purpose of procu- 
ring Substitutes, Blankets, &c. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer, in 
favour of Will' m Henry, Esq'r, Lieutenant of the City of Phik- 

n ™ 



226 MINUTES OF THE 

delphia, for the Sum of Five thousand Dollars, for the purpose of 
providing Substitutes. 

The Council taking into consideration the case of Jos. Richard- 
son, now confined in the Gaol of the County of Lancaster, where 
he has been for near Four Months, on a charge of Counterfeiting 
and uttering the Bills of Credit of New Jersey, &ca, & no applica- 
tion having been made to this State respecting him ; thereupon, 

Resolved, That the said Jos. Richardson be enlarged, on giving 
reasonable bail for his appearance, &ca, to answer the said charge. 

An order was drawn on the Continental Board of War for One 
Thousand stand of Arms, to be delivered to Colo. Bull, Adjutant 
General of the State. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Wednesday June 18th, 1777 

present : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 

Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice-President. 

John Evans, John Proctor, / .-, 

Jonathan Hoge, & '^squ.rea. 

Application being made by W r m. Coats, Esq'r, Lieutenant of 
the County of Philadelphia, for a further Sum of money ; there- 
upon, 

An order was drawn in his favor on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, 
Treasurer, for the Sum of Thousand Dollars, to be applied in pro- 
curing Substitutes, and purchasing Blankets, &ca. 

A letter from Rich'd Peters, Esq'r, Secretary to the Continental 
Board of War, enclosing the following Resolves of Congress of the 
1st April, was presented by his Excell'y, the President of the Board, 
and read, viz : 

"By the United States in Congress assembled. 

" April 1st, 1777. 

" Resolved j That no Officer already appointed, or to be hereafter 
.appointed, in the Array of the United States, shall take rank by . 
virtue of a Commission antedated, but Rank shall be determined 
by the time of appointment, unless otherwise directed by special 
resolution of Congress. 

14 Resolved, That it be recommended to the Legislatures, and in 
their recess to the Executive Powers of the respective States, that 
they forthwith transmit to the Board of War exact lists of all offi- 
cers appointed by them in the Continental Army, with the date of 
their Commissions, and time of appointment." 






■' 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL, 227 

Ordered, That a Copy of said Resolves & Letter be transmitted 
to the Board of War, and that the said Board be requested to furnish 
this Council with the List of Officers appointed by tnis State, with 
the times of their appointment, and the dates of their Commissions, 
and an account of all Monies expended on account of Prisoners of 
War. 

The following Resolve of the General Assembly being laid before 
the Council was read, viz. : 

" In General Assembly, Tuesday June 10th, 1777. 

" General MifHin desired leave to be introduced into the House; 
which being done, he informed that he had it in charge from His 
ExcelPy Gen^l Washington, to Assure them that it was his firm 
opinion that the Enemys Army meditated a sudden & immediate 
attack upon some part of this State, and that he, therefore, ear- 
nestly requested that the Militia of this State, and particularly of 
this City and its neighbourhood, might be ordered to hold them- 
selves in readiness to march at a moment's warning to such parts as 
may be necessary," It was thereupon, 

Ordered, that Dr. Gardner & Mr. M'Clean, be a Committee to 
wait on the President and Council, and inform them of the said 
intelligence, and request them, in the name of this House, to take 
the most speedy k effectual measures to answer the purposes of His 
ExcelPy the General's message, & to frustrate the hostile intentions 
of the Enemy ; thereupon, 

Ordered, That a Copy of the said Resolve be delivered to the 
Delegates of this State in Congress, and that they be requested to 
transact this business with Congress in the way they shall think 
most proper. 

Ordered, That application be made to the Board of War for an 
estimate of the Expences of levying & clothing the State Battalion 
now commanded fey Colo. Stewart, The Regiment of Artillery corn- 
man ded by Colo. Proctor, and the Company under Capt. Pugh, 
with the state of the said Battalions & Company. 

Colo. Kirkbrido applied for a further Sum of Money to procure 
Substitutes in the room of such of the Militia as refuse or neglect 
to go into service ; thereupon, 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer, m 
favor of Colo. Kirkbride, for the Sum of Two Thousand Dollars, 
for the purpose of procuring Substitutes, &ca. 



228 MINUTES OF THE 

The Council met. 

Philad'a, Thursday June 19, 1777. 
present : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Evans, John Proctor, > ™ 

Jonathan Hoge, & S 

His Excell'y the President laid before the Council a Letter from 
Gen'l Arnold, dated 18 June, 1777, enclosing Copy of a Letter 
irom his Excell'y Gen*l Washington, relative to fortifying Delaware 
River. 

James young, Esq'r, attended in Council, & took the Oath re- 
quired by the Constitution to Qualify him to act as a Justice for 
the City & County of Philadelphia. 

An order was drawn on the Board of War of this State in favor 
of Will'm Henry, Esq'r, Lieutenant of the City, for as many 
Knapsacks, Canteens, &ca., as he may call for. 

Mr. Parker, a member of the Hon'ble House of General Assem- 
bly, laid before the Council the following Resolve of the Hon'ble 
House, viz : 

"In General Assembly, Thursday June 19, 1777. 

" On motion, 
"Resolved, That the President and Council be Authorized k impow- 
ered to borrow from the Congress any sum of Money not exceeding 
One Hundred Thousand Dollars, to answer the immediate exigen- 
cies of the State, and to be repaid in a very short time, out of the 
moneys now issuing by virtue of the Two Hundred Thousand 
Pounds Act enacted at the last sitting of this House. 
" Extract from the Minutes. 

"JOHN MORRIS, jun'r, 

" Cl'k of General Assembly/' 

On motion, agreed, That a Copy of the Resolve of General As- 
sembly, empowering this Council to borrow of Congress the Sum 
of One Hundred Thousand Dollars, be delivered to the Delegates 
of this State in Congress, and the President is desired to write 
to the Hon'ble John Hancock, Esq'r, President of Congress, re- 
questing that Congress will lend to this State the Sum of Fifty 
Thousand Dollars, in addition to the like Sum already borrowed 
of them, to serve the present emergency. 

Mr. Proctor reports that Rob't Levers, Esq'r, appeared before 
him some time ago, and took the Oaths required by the Constitu- 
tion to qualify him to act as Prothonotary of the County of North- 
ampton, and Qualify the Magistrates of that County, 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 229 

The Representatives of the Freemen of the County of York 
having informed the Council that Chas. Lukens had declined to 
accept the Sheriff's office for that County; thereupon, 

Agreed, That Will'm Roan be appointed Sheriff of the County 
of York, and that he be commissioned accordingly. 

The Council again resuming the consideration of the appoint- 
ment of Justices for the County of Cumberland, that the follow- 
owiag Gentlemen be the Justices of the said County, and that a 
Commission be made out accordingly, to wit: — 1, John Rannels ; 
2, James Maxwell ; 3, James Oliver ; 4, John Holmes ; 5, John 
Agnew ; 6, John McClay; 7, Sani'l Lyon; 8, Will'm Brown ; 9, 
John Haines; 10, Sam'l Royer; 11, John Anderson; 12, John 
Creigh; 13, Hugh Laird; 14, And'w McBeath; 15, Tho's Kennedy; 
16, Alexa. Laughlin ; 17, Sam'l McClune ; 18, Pat'k Vance ; 19, 
Geo. Matthews; 20, Will'm McClure; 21, Sam. Culbertson ; 
22, James Armstrong; 23, John Work; 24, John Trendle; 25, 
Stephen Duncan; 26, Ephraim Steele; 27, W'm Brown, (Car- 
lisle); 28, Rtfb't Peoples; 29, Henry Taylor; 30, Jas. Taylor; 
31, Charles Leiper; 32, John Scouler; 33, Matt'w Wilson; 34 ; 
David McClure. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Friday June 20, 1777. 

PRESENT I f 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Evans, "J 

Jonathan Hoge, and I Esquires, 
John Proctor, J 

The great inconveniences arising from the Waggoners bringing 
their Waggons into the State House Yard, & the noise of the Drums r 
which greatly incommodes, not only the Council, but also the Con- 
gress and General Assembly, whenever the Companies or Battal- 
ions exercise or Parade in the Yard, & having been observed by 
the Council with great concern ; thereupon, 

Ordered, That no Drums be admitted into the State House Yard 7 
& that the Waggoners be forbid to bring their Waggons into the 
State House Yard without permission so to do. 

Robert Smith, Esq'r, Lieutenant of the County of Chester, ap- 
plied for Arms for the Militia of the said County; whereupon, 

An order was drawn on Will'm Henry, Esq'r, or Captain Cainp- 
ble, in favor of the said Colo. Robert Smith, for Four hundred 
Stand of Arms. 



230 MINUTES OF THE 

The following Resolve of the Gen'l Assembly was laid before the 
Board, Viz : 

"In General Assembly, Monday June 16, 1777. 

" On motion, 
" Resolved, That all the Militia men of the State now going into 
the Field, be allowed A Gill of Rum or Whiskey each man per 
day, over and besides the Rations allowed by Congress, and that 
the President & Council take the proper means for s«pplyi#g the 
same." 

Doct. Robert Wilcox applied for a pass to go to Providence, in 
New England. 

Ordered, That the Secretary make out and sign a pass for 
him. 

The Council took into consideration the appointing of a Pro- 
thonotary of the County of Chester, in the room of Benja. Jacob, 
who declines accepting that Office ; thereupon, 

Agreed, That Caleb Davis be appointed Prothonotary of the 
County of Chester, & Commissioned accordingly. 



The Council met. 

Philab'a, Saturday June 21, 1777- 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Evans, John Proctor. ") ™ 

Jonathan Hoge, & j 

An order was drawn on David Rittenbouse, Esq'r, Treasurer, in 
favor of Wm. Crispin, for the Sum of Eight Thousand Dpllars, for 
the purpose of purchasing Rum or Wisky for the Militia of this 
State, agreeable to a Resolve of the Hon'ble House of Assembly, 
for which he is to account. 

An order was drawn on Capt. Campbell, in favor of Rob't Smithy 
Esq'r, Lieutenant of the County of Chester, for four hundred Cau- 
teens, four hundred Knapsacks, four hundred Priming Wires, four 
hundred hrushes, and Four hundred Cartoueb Boxes, for the Militia 
of that County. 
On motion, 
Agreed, That John Beaton be appointed Paymaster of the Ches- 
ter County Militia. 

An order was drawn on David Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer, in 
favor of Rob't Smith, Esq'r, Lieutenant of the County of Chester, 
for the Sum of two Thousand Pounds, to be applied in paying Sub- 
stitutes, &ca. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 231 

Gen'l Mifflin, Mons. de Coudray, wi'h Nicholas Rogers, who 
speaks the French and English Languages, attended the Council, 
and laid before the Council a Copy of the report of the Committee 
of Congress for viewing the works erected for the defence of our 
River, and the resolves of Congress thereon of the 11th June Instant. 

Colo. Stewart waited on the Council, & informed them that, hav- 
ing received orders to march his Battallion to Billingsport, he had 
Paraded his men, and was about to march accordingly, but that he 
had received intelligence from the Hon'ble John Hancock, Esq'r, 
that a resolution of Congress of yesterday, respecting this Battalion 
being taken into Continental Service, which would render an imme- 
diate compliance with the orders he had received rather inconveni- 
ent; that the said Resolution of Congress had been given in charge 
to the Delegates of this State to communicate to the Council, which 
would probably alter his Orders. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a., Tuesday June 24, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
Jonathan Hoge, & John Proctor, Esquires. 

An order of Congress on John Gibson, Esq'r, Auditor General, 
in favor of the Council, for Fifty Thousand Dollars, was sent up to 
Council, and thereupon, the President endorsed the same, making 
it payable to David Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of the State. 

James Claypoole now offered Blair iMcClenagan & David Cham- 
bers as security for his faithful performance of the duty and Office 
of Sheriff in the City & County of Philadelphia ; was agreed to by 
Council. 

The Council resuming the consideration of the orders given to 
the Lieutenants of the Counties for marching the Militia, 

Agreed, That Philadelphia & Bucks Counties do send the first & 
second Class, and hold the third in perfect readiness. That Lan- 
caster, Berks, and Northampton, send forward the first Class, and 
hold the second in perfect readiness. That Cumberland, York, & 
Northumberland, hold the 1st Class in readiness, and that Letters 
be written to the Lieutenants of the respective Counties accordingly. 

An order was drawn on David Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer, in 
favor of Colo. Benj. Brannon, Sub Lieutenant of the County of 
Chester, for the Sum of Two Thousand Dollars, for the purpose of 
Paying Substitutes. 



332 MINUTES OF THE 

The Council met. 

Philad'a, Wednesday June 25, 1777 

present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President 

Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Evans, . John Proctor, > -p 

Jonathan Hoge, & j 

A curious performance of I. Stewart, of London, the Senators' 1 
.remembrancer, consisting of Fourteen Copper plates, done on white 
satten, and most elegantly framed and gilt, presented to the Public 
by Doc't Benja. Franklin, were placed in the Council Chamber. 

On motion, Agreed, That the Pay of the Commodore of the 
Navy of this State be allowed and paid at the rate One hundred and 
Twenty-five Dollars P. Month, inclusive of Rations. 

On motion, agreed, That the Pay of Capt. Hadewood, the se 
cond in Command in the Navy of this State, be allowed & paid at 
the rate of one hundred dollars P. Month, inclusive of Rations. 

Mr. Cox and Mr. Eyres, from the Navy Board, having requested 
A farther Sum of Money, and the Board of War having also made 
<ipplication for Money, An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, 
Esq'r, in favor of John Maxwell Nesbitt, Esq'r, the Treasurer of 
the Board of War, &ca., for the Sum of Twenty-five Thousand Dol- 
lars ; Board of War Twelve thousand Dollars, & Navy Board thir- 
teen thousand Dollars. 

The Council taking into consideration the intelligence received 
by Congress from Gen'l Washington, respecting the movements of 
the Enemy, and the extreme inconveniency arising from the march 
of the Militia in the time of Harvest, Agreed, That the Lieut's of 
the Counties of Lancaster, Berks, & Northampton, be informed that 
the Council think it unnecessary for the 1st Class of Militia re- 
spectively, to march, but that they hold the first class in the most 
perfect readiness to march at the shortest warning. That the Lieu- 
tenants of the Counties of Philadelphia and Chester, be informed 
that it is unnecessary to march the 2d Class of their respective 
Counties, but that the 1st Class be marched, and the 2d Class held 
in perfect readiness to march at the shortest notice. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL 233 

The Council met. 

Philad'a, Thursday June 26, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Evans, John Proctor, ? E ires . 

Jonathan Hoge, & 3 l 

Coi. Andrew Boyd, Sub-Lieutenant of the County of Chester, 
attended. The members of Council met, & requested to be fur- 
nished with a Sum of Money for procuring Substitutes, Blankets, 
&ca. ; thereupon, An order was drawn on David Rittenhouse, Esq'r, 
Treasurer, in favor of Col. Andrew Boyd, Esq'r, for the Sum of 
Two Thousand Dollars, for the aforesaid purposes. 

On motion, Agreed, That Jamas Loughead be appointed Pay- 
master of the Militia of the City & Liberties of Philadelphia. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer, in 
favor of James Loughead, Paymaster of the City and Liberties 
aforesaid, for the Sum of Three Thousand Dollars. 

Mr. Bache, Col. Shee, and Col. Dean, of the Board of War, at- 
tended Council, & complained of a certain Wm. Sykes, who had 
taken an opportunity of bringing off a very considerable quantity 
of Goods which had been removed out of the City, from the place 
where they had been deposited by order of the Committee appointed 
for that purpose, and this at a time when it was generally believed 
the Enemy was bending threir force against this city. 

Jos. Gamble, WilPm Marshall, Mich'l Dawson, Chevaux de Fri#e 
Pilots, informed the Council that they had this day applied to the 
Commissioners of Appeal, setting forth their employment as a plea 
against their being fined as Non-Associates under the late Law, 
&ca., and that the plea was rejected as insufficient. 
On motion, 

Resolved, That this Council are clearly of opinion that the Pi- 
lots employed by the State are not chargeable with any Fines as 
Non-Associates, their duty being of such a nature as to make it 
highly improper for them to be absent on any occasion whatsoever, 
& do recommend to the Commissioners of Appeal to revise their 
judgment thereon. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer, for 
the Sum of Seventeen Pounds Sixteen Shillings & Nine Pence, in 
favor of Will'm Trickett, for Books, &ca., purchased for the use of 
Council. 



234 MINUTES OF THE 

The Council Met. 

Philad'a. Friday June 27th, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 

Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Evans, John Proctor. } ™ 

t a u s r Esquires. 

Jonathan Hoge, & j 

Colo. Donaldson of York County brought in a number of plates 
said to be found in the possession of a certain James Steward, who 
was arrested and committed to York Jail, but has since made his 
escape, and apparently designed for the counterfeiting the Conti- 
nental Currency, To Wit ; A back and front plate, with impressions 
similar to a Continental Thirty Dollar Bill ; A Back &i front plate, 
with impressions similar to a Continental Four Dollar Bill ; A back 
& front plate of a two-thirds of a Dollar Continental Bill ; and a 
blank plate of the same size, together, also, with a Thirty Dollar 
Bill & four Dollar Bill, struck from the same plates, and a Bill 
struck with the four Dollar plate on one side & the Thirty Dollar 
Bill on the other side, with a deposition concerning the same, which 
the Committee of the said County of York hath directed him to 
deliver to the Council or some other Public bod} 7 . 

Ordered, That the Secretary receive the same, give Colo. Don- 
aldson a receipt for them, and Seal them up. 

On motion, agreed that Thomas Urie be appointed Sheriff of the 
County of Bedford, & that he be immediately Commissioned ac- 
cordingly. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of James Loughead, 
Paymaster, for the Sum of Two thousand Dollars. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Wm. Henry, 
Esq'r, for the Sum of Two thousand Dollars, to Pay Substitutes, 
&ca. 

Mr. Smith, Mr. Lisle, Mr. Loughead, & Mr. Evans attended the 
Council by the direction of this Board, and they being interrogated 
respecting the complaint made by them against William Sykes; 
thereupon, 

Ordered, That the further consideration of the said complaint 
be referred to Monday Afternoon. 

Ordered, That a Writ be now issued to John Thompson, Esq'r, 
Sheriff of the County of Bucks, commanding him to hold an elec* 
tion for the chusing of one fit person to represent the said County 
in Council, and make return thereof of the said Writ to his Ex- 
cellency in Council on or before the Twenty-first day of July 
next. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 235 

Agreed, That John Griffin be appointed Coroner of the County, 
of Westmoreland, & that a Commission for that purpose be issued 
accordingly. 

Agreed, That Will'm Parker, Colo. John Piper, Sam. Moore, 
John Cesna, Chas. Cesna, & John Moore, or any two of them, be 
accepted as security for Thomas Urie, Sheriff of the County of 
Bedford, for his faithful performance of the said Office. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Tuesday July 1st, 1777. 
present : 

His Excell'y THOS. WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Jonathan Hoge, & John Proctor, Esquires. 

Commission to Caleb Davis, Esq'r, as Clerk of the Quarter Ses- 
sions of the peace for the County of Chester, dated this day. 

An order was drawn on Colo. Flower, in favor of Colonel 
Henry, Lieutenant of the City ot Philadelphia, for Seventy Stand 
of Arms. 

An order was drawn in favor of Colo. Henry on David Ritten- 
house, Esq'r, Treasurer, for the Sum of Eight Thousand Dollars, 
to pay substitutes, &ca. 

An order was drawn on D'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer, in 
favor of John M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, for the Sum of Six Thousand 
dollars. i 

An order was drawn in favor of James Loughead, Paymaster of 
the Militia, for the sum of one thousand & five hundred dollars. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Wednesday July 2d, 1777. 

present : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 

Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Evans, John Proctor, > ^ 

Jonathan Hoge, & '£ Esquires. 

An order was drawn* on David Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treas'r, in 
favor of John Maxwell, Esq'r, for the Sum of One Thousand Six 
hundred Dollars. 



236 MINUTES OF THE 

The Council taking into consideration the Petition of Simon 
Gore, a Militia man of this City, who was wounded at Perth Ani- 
boy, last Summer j thereupon 

Ordered, That the said Petition be enclosed to James Young, 
Esq'r, &• that he be requested to hold an Orphans' Court, agreeable 
to the Act to regulate the Militia of the Commonwealth of Penn- 
sylvania, for the purpose of relieving the said Simon Gore and 
others, according to the said Act. 

An order was drawn in favor of Colo. Kirkbride, Lieut, of the 
County of Bucks, for the Sum of Three Thousand Dollars, for 
which he is to account. 

A Letter from Christian Wirtz, Town Major of the Borough of 
Lancaster, in the County of Lancaster, dated June 25, 1777, was 
read in Council. Among other things Mr. Wirtz represents, that 
the British Prisoners threatened the destruction of Lancaster, and 
that it alarmed the inhabitants, & proposing for consideration re- 
moving of the said Prisoners to some other place ; thereupon, 

Ordered, That it be recommended to the Delegates of this State 
in Congress, to represent the matter to the Continental Board of 
War, & that the said Letter written by Mr. Wirtz be laid before 
them. 

The Petition of Abigail McKay, now a Prisoner in the Goal of 
this City, praying to be enlarged on giving bail, was read ', and 
thereupon 

Ordered, That she be enlarged on Bail, with more or one suffi- 
cient sureties, in the Sum of One Thousand Pounds, conditioned 
that she appear at the next Court of Quarter Sessions and answer 
the charge which shall be brought against her \ & that in the mean- 
time she shall not reside or come nearer to the City of Philadelphia 
than the West side of Schuylkill on the Westward, and not nearer 
than three Miles of the said City to the Northward, for & during 
one Year. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Thursday July 3d, 1777. 

present: 

His ExcelFy TITO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President 

Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Evans, John Proctor, > ^ 

Jonathan Hoge, & '£ Esquires. 

Agreed that instructions be given to the delegates of this State I 

in Congress, that the Troops latelj r arrived from Carolina may be j 

employed to assist the Militia of this State and that of New Jersey I 

in completeing the works at Billingsport, unless these Troops can i 
render more essential service elsewhere. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 237 

The Council met. 

Philad'a, Friday July 4, 1777. 
present; 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President, 

Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Evans, John Proctor, } -^ . 

Jonathan Hoge, & 5 

An order was drawn on David Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer, in 
favor of Colo. William Henry, for the Sum of One Thousand Pounds, 
for which he has to account. 

On motion, agreed, That it be recommended to the Magistrates 
of the City to exert themselves in preventing any kind of Riot 
happening in the City this Evening; that the Town- Mayor be 
ordered to parade with his Guard from eight O'Clock 'till Eleven, 
to prevent any disturbance which might otherwise happen this 
Evening ; That a Bellman be sent round to give notice to the in- 
habitants, that the Council do expressly order all the lights made 
use of to illuminate the City this Evening, be extinguished at 
Eleven O'Clock. The Wardens are requested to order the Watch- 
men to attend at their Stands at 8 O'Clock this Evening, in order 
to assist in preventing any riots which may otherwise happen, 

James Hopkins, Esq'r, applied to the Board, and Informed that 
he had orders from Gen'l Washington to go down the River Dela- 
ware on an expedition, and Gen'l Arnold requesting that he may 
be supplied a small Vessel & Four Batteaus for the said purpose ; 
thereupon 

Ordered, That Captain Hazlewood supply the said Jas. Hopkins, 
Esq'r, with a small Vessel and four Batteaus, agreeable to the 
request of Gen'l Arnold. 
On motion, 

Ordered, That Will'm Sykes be summoned to attend the Conn- 
cil to-morrow Morning at 10 O'Clock, to answer the charge of Jas. 
Loughead & others, that he had seized a considerable quantity of 
Provisions & other Goods, which had been removed out of the 
City by proper Authority, to prevent their falling into the hands of 
the Enemy, & that he had brought them into the City again without 
having obtained permission so to do of the Committee under whose 
direction they were. 

It having been represented to the Council that Mr. Hobson had 
declined accepting the appointment of the Justice of the Peace in 
the Borough of Lancaster ; And on consideration, Agreed That 
Will'm Henry, Esq'r, be appointed a Justice of the Peace for the 
County of Lancaster, in the room of John Hobson, Esq'r. 

Ordered, That a Dedimus Potestatum be issued, authorizing and 
empowering John Hubley, Esq'r, to qualify the Chief Burgess of 
Lancaster. 



238 MINUTES OF THE 

The Council met. 

Philad'a, Saturday July 5, 1777. 

present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, Jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Evans, John Proctor, ) -p^ , •„ 

Jonathan Hoge, & \ fe "• 

Will'm Sykes attended the Council, according to the order of 
yesterday, and also Jos. Loughead, Robert Smith, John Lisle & Mr. 
Young, and the Council having heard the Parties, it appears that 
the said William Sykes had, in contempt of the authority of the 
Committee appointed to remove the Provisions and Goods out of the 
City, to prevent their falling into the Enemies' hauds, brought back 
to the City a large Quantity of Rice & Indigo, which had been re- 
moved by them ; whereupon the Council 

Ordered ', That Will'm Sykes do return the Rice and Indigo 
which now remains unsold, to the place from whence he brought 
them, & re-deliver them into the hands of the Committee appointed 
to remove the Goods out of the City, to prevent their falling into 
the hands of the Enemy, and that he give Security himself in the 
Sum of One Thousand Pounds, and Two sufficient Freeholders in 
the Sum of five hundred Pounds ,y each, for his good behaviour for 
One Year. 

Ordered, That the following Advertisement be published in the j 
Public Papers, Viz. : 

" In Council, Philad'a, July 5, 1777. 

" Whereas, The Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennrj 
sylvania, in Section 30th, Ordains that Justices of the Peace shall) 
be elected by the Freeholders of each Ward, District, or Township, | 
as the Law shall direct, & that their names shall be returned to thej 
President in Council, who shall Comraissionate one or more of theml 
for each Ward, District, or Township so returning, for Seven Years:; 

" And tvhereds, An act of Assembly intitled ' An Act directing) 
the modes & times of electing Justices of the Peace for the City of 
Philadelphia, & the several & respective Counties of this Common- 
wealth, & for other purposes therein mentioned,' was passed on the 
11th of February last : 

" And whereas,, By inattention, mis-apprehension, absence oil 
great uumbers of Freeholders in the defence of their Country, (thd 
Militia of several Counties being then in actual Service, shortness on 
the times that had been appointed, neglect & other causes, som(j 
Districts, & also some Townships in Counties in which a Townshijj 
has been made a District for this purpose,) did not hold the election 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 239 

of Justices on the days by the said Act appointed, and it was likely 
that like omission would happen in other places, of which the times 
for such Elections had not then elapsed: 

*' And whereas. On the 15th day of March last past, A Supple- 
ment to the said recited Act of Assembly was passed, to remedy all 
mistakes & lapses thereby given to the Freeholders in such cases to 
make their Election, which time is now also passed : 

" And whereas, In & by the said supplement, further provision 
was made in the Premises in the words following : 

" And whereas, The Freeholders of the several Wards in the 
City of Philadelphia have neglected to Elect Justices of the Peace, 
as by the said Act was directed, and it may happen that some other 
parts of the State may also neglect to elect Justices, at the time in 
the said Act, & by this Act directed. 

" Be it enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That where any such 
neglect has been, or may- be, at the time by the above recited Act, 
or by this Act directed, for the election of Justices for any district, 
in any or either of the said Counties, the Commissioners and As- 
sessors of such County or Counties, or any five of them, (in such 
County or Counties where they are directed so to do by the said 
Act,) are hereby enjoined & required to appoint a time and place for 
Election of Justices of the Peace for such district, and give notice 
thereof to the Freeholders who shall hold the said Election, and in 
all things relating thereto, act & do agreeable to the directions of 
the Act to which this Act is a Supplement j and when they shall 
have elected Justices they shall be deemed & taken to be Justices 
of the Peace, as is in and by the said Act declared ; And whereas, 
notwithstanding the last recited section of the said Supplementary 
Act, the Freeholders of some Districts may yet neglect to Elect 
Justices of the Peace in manner aforesaid ; Provision by said Sup- 
plement is further made, that upon application in Writing by Twenty 
or more of the Freeholders of any such District to the President of 
this State, it shall be lawful for the President in Council to appoint 
& Commissionateone or more Justice or Justices of the Peace, as the 
case may require, for any such District which may still neglect to 
elect Justices of the Peace; Wherefore, Notice is hereby given to 
the Freeholders of any District as aforesaid, wherein no Election 
of Justices of the Peace hath been hitherto holden, of the remedy 
provided by Law, and of the mode in which they ought to proceed 
in order to have justice duly Administered, and it is recommended , 
because of these words in the 3d Section of said Supplement above 
transcribed, " in such County & Counties where they are so directed, 
to do by the said Act,' Words which seem to confine the appoint- 
ment of the time and place of the Election to the Commissioners 
& Assessors of the Counties of Philadelphia, Bucks, Chester, Lan- 
caster, Berks, York & Northampton, that in case of the return of 
any choice yet to be made of Justices in Cumberland, Bedford, 
Northumberland and Westmoreland, that said returns be accom 



240 MINUTES OF THE 

panied with an application in Writing from Twenty or more of the 
Freeholders of the District to the President, to appoint as aforesaid, 
in order to make the Commission valid, whatever said recited words 
may purport, at the same time the Freeholders may be assured that 
their elections and the return thereof shall be regarded as in other 
cases. 

" N. B. Some Districts have perhaps made Elections regularly, 
but their Officers may not have made returns of the Persons Elec- 
ted, or having their returns, their returns may have mis-carried or 
fallen into the hands of ill-disposed persons, & may have been sup- 
pressed ; in such cases new returns are wanted, and it would be 
safe to send Duplicates. ' 

"These lapses and defects prevent a Second Commission of the 
Peace for each County from being issued, while they should include 
all the vacant Districts for single Commissions, being a great ex- 
pence on the Counties. 

" Extract from the Minutes, 

"TIMOTHY MATLACK, Secret'y." 

Ordered, That the resolution of the Hon'ble House of General 
Assembly, respecting the boundary Line between the State of Vir- 
ginia and this State, be sent by the President to the Delegates of 
Virginia in Congress. John Riordon, Comm'r, of the Sloop Su- 
sanna, a Danish Flag of Truce, from St. Croix to this City, to carry 
the family of the Marcoos from hence to that place, attended the 
Council, & represented some Difficulties which he labored under 
in consequence of being prevented from going on board the Men of 
War now laying at the Capes of Delaware, in order to obtain per- 
mission from them to eome up to Wilmington, where Mr. Marcoo & 
his family now are. The Council thereupon, recommended to Cap:. 
Riordon to apply to the President of Congress for recommendation, 
such as he may think proper, to Henry Fisher, and pointing out 
what he may judge expedient in this case, or to the President of the 
Delaware State, the said recommendation, As the Flag of Truce, 
as the matter is now situated, does not relate to this State, and 
that a Pass be made out to Capt. Riordon under the lesser Seal, k 
signed by His ExcelPy the President. 

On motion, agreed, That Maj. Solomon Bush be appointed Depu- 
ty Adjutant General of the Militia of this State. 

On motion, agreed, That John Haley, Esq'r, be appointed Clerk j 
of the Orphans' Court of the County of Philadelphia. 

Wra. Kelly, the Sheriff of Lancaster County, offers James An- 
derson, Sen'r, and James Anderson, jun'r, of Donegal, as security j 
for the faithful performance of his Office, which the Council ap- i 
prove. 






SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL 241 

The Council met. , 

Philad'a, Monday July 7, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Jonathan Hoge, & John Proctor, Esquires. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Robert Gal- 
braith, Esq'r, for the Sum of Four hundred Dollars, to be by him 
delivered to Colo. John Piper, Lieutenant of the County of Bedford, 
and for which he is to account. 

Ordered, That the Secretary call on WilPm Sykes for the Secu- 
rity which he is ordered to give for his good behaviour. 

Ordered, That the Sum of One Thousand Pounds be sent by 
Rob't G-albraith, Esq'r, to John Hubley, Esq'r, of Lancaster, to be by 
him forwarded to Bartram Galbraith, Esq'r, Lieut, of the County 
of Lancaster, for the purpose of purchasing Muskets, for which 
Sum he is to account. 

An order was drawn on David Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of the Secretary, for the Sum of One Thousand 
Pounds, to be forwarded as aforesaid. 

N. B. — The Money was paid the Secretary according to order, 
but Mr. Galbraith going out of Town, An order was drawn on the 
Treasurer aforesaid, in favor of Will'm Henry, for the like Sum, 
and the Secretary paid the Money to him, and exchanged the order 
with the Treasurer. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of John Beck, for 
riding express, by order of Maj. General Armstrong, for the Sum 
of Thirteen Pounds. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Tuesday July 8th, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WARTON, jun., Esq'r, President 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Jonathan Hoge, & John Proctor, Esquires, 

James Hopkins, Esq'r, applied to the Council for eight men, to- 
assist him in the expedition down the Delaware^ ordered by Gen'I 
Washington. 

VOfc. XI. — 16, 



1:42 MINUTES OF THE 

Ordered, That Commodore Seymour furnish James Hopkins, 
Esq'r, with eight men from the Fieet. 

Ordered, That the Commissary supply James Hopkins, Esq'r, 
with the Provisions which he may have occasion for. 

An order was drawn on David Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Will'm Henry, Esq'r, Lieut, of Philadelphia, 
for the Sum of One thousand pounds, for the purpose of paying 
Substitutes, & purchasing Blankets, &ca, for which Sum he is to 
account. 

Gen'l Roberdeau informed the Council that Congress had or- 
dered the Virginia & South Carolina Troops now in the City, 
to march to Billingsport, to assist in completeing the works to be 
erected there. 

Orders were drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, for the Sum of Six Pounds fifteen Shillings, in favor of 
George Gintner, for riding express; for the Sum of Fifteen Pounds 
Two Shillings & Six Pence, in favor of Mich'l Boyer for ditto; k- 
for the Sum of Three Pounds Fifteen Shillings, in favor of Edw'd 
Stroud, for ditto. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Wednesday July 9, 1777* 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Jonathan Hoge, & John Proctor, Esquires. 

An order was drawn on David Rittenhouse, Esquire, Treasurer 
of the State, in favor of John Maxwell Nesbitt, E^q'r, for the 
Sum of Two thousand pounds, for which he is to account. 

Ordered, That Capt. Stiles be requested to send to this Board 
an account of the Artillery with which he has lately supplied the 
Militia at Bristol, Trenton, & Coryell's Ferry, to guard the River 
Delaware. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer oi 
the State, in favor of John Smith, for the Sum of Twelve Pounds, j 
for riding express. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer, in 
favor of Colo. Benja. Brannon, for the Sum of Five hundred Pounds, 
to pay Substitutes, to be Charged to Colo. Smith, Lieut, of the 
< bounty of Chester, for which he is to account. 

The Council taking into consideration the many great inconve- 
Diencys arising to the good people of this State from the practice of 
enlisting of Servants & Apprentices, 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 243 

Ordered, Thatt the 1 following Proclamation be inserted in the 
several Newspapers of this City : 

" By the Supreme Executive Council. 

" A PROCLAMATION. 

u Whereas, great inconveniences hath happened to many persons 
in this State by the Continental Officers mistaking a recommenda- 
tion of the Hon'ble Congress, addressed to the several States, that 
they would permit Servants to be enlisted into the Continental 
Service, for an authoritative direction in the premises; And Where- 
as, many of the said Officers are also Officers in the Pay of this 
State, have thereupon proceeded to enlist bought Servants, under 
indenture, to the great damage of their masters. 

u And Whereas, the Legislature of the Commonwealth having 
had opportunity of perceiving that such inlistments, though dis- 
tressing to the Masters, had not promoted the General Service to 
any proportionable degree, have declined giving their concurrence 
in said measure : 

M Jind Whereas, some persons, pretending ignorance, may still 
inlist Servants ; these are therefore, strictly to forbid all Recruit- 
ing Officers in the Continental Service, and all others, from enlist- 
ing Servants or Apprentices within this State, on pain of being 
prosecuted with the utmost rigour of the Law. 

" THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, President, 

" Philad'a, July 9, 1777. 
* Attest— Timothy Matlack, Secretary." 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Thursday July 10, 1777. 

The Members of Council, Board of War, & Navy Board, went 
down to Billingsport with Gren'l Armstrong, Mons'r du Caudray, 



I &ca 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Friday July 11, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r Esq'r, President, 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Jonathan Hoge, & John Proctor, Esquires. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer, in 
favor of Will'm Henry, Esq'r, Lieut, of the City of Philadelphia, 



244 MINUTES OF THE 

for the Sum of Five hundred Pounda, for the purpose of Paying 
Substitutes & purchasing Blankets, &ca. 

Caleb Davis, Esq'r, Prothonotary of the County of Chester, ap- 
peared, & took the Affirmation required by Law to Qualify him for 
that Office, and offered Thomas Cheney, Esq'r, as surety, with giv- 
ing One Thousand Five Pounds security ; And he having been ap- 
pointed Clerk of the Orphans' Court of the said County of Ches- 
ter, took the Affirmation required by the Constitution to Qualify 
him to act in the said Office. 

Will'm Lyon, Esq'r, having informed the Council (by Letter) 
that Mr.' Agnew, the late acting Prothonotary of the County of 
Cumberland, had refused to deliver up the Seals & papers belong- 
ing to the said Office, and requesting the direction of Council there - 
on, 

Ordered, That the Secretary write to Mr. Lyon, & let him 
know the mode of obtaining the Seals & Papers belonging to said 
Office, as the Law directs, and that if Mr. Agnew persists, so as to 
make the interposition of Council necessary, on receiving attested 
Copies of the proceedings thereon, Council will take further order 
thereon. 

The Committee for driving off Cattle for the City and County 
of Philadelphia having represented to the Board that they thought 
their number too few, & recommended that the City & County of 
Philad'a be divided into five Classes, & that the Gentlemen named 
in each Class be appointed to the said duty, Vizt : 

First Class. For Oxford, Lower Dublin, Moreland, & By berry 
Townships, which comprehends all between Frankford & Poques- 
ton Creeks ; Jacob ^ible, Sam'l Potts, Rudolph Neff, James Dun- 
gan, Sam'l Neaswinger, John Keen, Sen'r, & Sam'l Swift, Sam'l 
Erwin, Casper Fetters, Will'm Tilyer, John Britain, and Benjamin 
Watson. 

Second Class. This District includes from Frankford to the 
bounds of the City; Conrad Baker, John Stillwagon, John Hall, 
Isaac Coates, & Jacob Hill. 

Third Class. For the City; William Carson, Dean Timmons, 
Nathan'l Donnell, Andrew Carson. 

Fourth Class. For Southwark, Moyamensing, and Passyunk ; 
Edw'd Tew, Rich'd Dennis, James Wbitton, Henry Maag, Samuel 
Penrose, George Young, & Jacob Whitman. 

Fifth Class. For Kinsess. & Blockley ; Philip Price, Adam 
Guyer, & Joshua Ash, jun'r. 

On motion, agreed that the said plan be adopted, & the Gentle- 
men therein recommended for the respective Districts be appointed 
for the said purpose, and have full power to remove all kinds of live 
Stock, whenever the approach of the Enemy shall make it neces- 
sary so to do. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 245 

The Council met. 

Philad'a, Monday July 14th, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 

Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
Jonathan Hose, ") ™ 
John Proctor. j Es( l uires - 

An order was drawn on David Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer, in 
favor of Colo. Joseph Kirkbride, Lieut, of the County of Bucks, 
for the Sum of Two thousand five hundred Pounds, for which he is 
to account. 

An order was drawn in favor of Will'm Crispin, Esq'r, on David 
Rittenhouse, Esq'r, for the Sum of Two thousand five hundred 
Pounds, for which he is to account. j 

N. B. These two orders were drawn when the Secretary was not 
present, they are likely to have been dated the 15th instead of 
the 14th. 

Gen'l Du Coudray laid before the Council a " definite project to 
correct the fort of Billingsport," with a plan of the Construction 
of it. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Tuesday July 15, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Jonathan Hose, and } ^ 

John Proctor, J Esquires. 

Colo. Coxe informed the Council that he had, by direction of the 
Field Officers, applied to Mr. Butler for Tents for the Militia now 
at Billingsport, and was informed by Mr. Butler that he not sup- 
ply them. 

The Council being informed that there is not any Money in the 
Treasury, nor likely to be any until Friday next, & as there is 
Money due Col. Proctor's Regiment, now under Marching orders, 
& the demand for other purposes being very considerable & 
pressing, 

Agreed, That application be made to Congress for Sixty Thou- 
sand Dollars, to be accounted for to Congress. 



246 MINUTES OF THE 

Mr. Roberdeau, Mr. Morris, & Mr. Wilson, Delegates of this 
State, having attended in Congress, attending the Council, Gen'l 
du Coudray's " definite project to correct the fortifications at Bil 
lingsport" was laid before them, & they were requested to lay it 
before Congress for consideration. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Wednesday July 16, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President 

Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Jonathan Hose, and > ™ 

t i n * r Esquires. 

John Proctor, ^ ^ 

Agreed, That Col. Bull, Adjutant Gen'l of the Militia of this 
State, is requested to procure the number of Carts & the Timber 
and other materials which may be necessary for carrying on the 
fortifications at Billingsport. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer, in 
favor of Col. Will'm Coats, Lieut, of the County of Philadelphia, 
for the Sum of One thousand four hundred Pounds, for the purpose 
of paying the Militia, & for which Sum he is to account. 

On motion, Agreed, That John Morris, jun'r, Esq'r, be & he is 
hereby authorized to appear in the City Court & prosecute in the 
name of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. 

The Hon'ble Congress having ordered the Sum of Sixty Thousand 
Dollars, to be paid to the President & Council of this State, 

Ordered, That the same be made Payable to Dav'd Rittenhouse, 
Esq'r, Treasurer, & it was indorsed by the Vice President accord- 
ing 1 }'- 

As order was drawn in favor of John M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, (as the 
Treasurer,) for the Sum of Thirty thousand Dollars, of which Sum 
Twenty thousand is intended for the payment of Drafts by the 
Board of War, & Ten thousand Dollars for the Payment of the 
drafts of the Navy Board. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. -247 

The Council met, 

Philad'a, Thursday July 17, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, Esq'r, President. 
The Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

/ Jonathan Hose, & ~) ™ 

7 t u -d * r -Esquires. v 

John Proctor, \ ? 

/An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer, in 
favor of Col. Will'm Henry, Lieut, of the City of Philadelphia, 
fir the sum of Five hundred Pounds, for the purpose of Paying 
Substitutes, purchasing Blankets, &ca., for which Sum he is to ac- 
count. 

The Council being informed by the Hon'ble Navy Board, that 
application has been made to them by the Hon'ble Continental 
Board of War for Two Fire Ships, to act in conjunction with a 
Fleet intended to be sent down the Cape May Channel, and the 
Navy Beard requested our advice and direction of therein, 

On consideration that the Fire-Ships were intended to annoy the 
Enemy in the narrow part of the River, & is considered as a res- 
pectable pirt of the defence of this City, the Council cannot con- 
sent to pait with them but on the strongest assurance of others 
being immediately prepared to supply their place with all possible 
espedititn. 

The Council taking into consideration the probability of a de- 
mand of Waggons being made in the County of Northampton, there- 
upon, 

Ordered, That where Waggons are necessary for the use of the 
Continental ^rmy, that the Waggon master of the said County of 
Northampton,^ application to him for that purpose, do furnish 
with all possib, expedition the number of Waggons which may be 
necessary, any irection which he may have received from this 
Council to the cc^trary in anywise notwithstanding. 



248 MINUTES OF THE 

The Council met. 

Philad'a, Friday July 18, 1777. 

PRESENT *. 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 

Hon'ble George Bryan, Fsq'r, Vice President. 
Jonathan Hoge, & ? E ireg 
John Proctor, $ 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer, 
for the Sum of Seven Pounds, in favor of Henry Emhard, for riding 
express for and by order of Major Gen'l Armstrong. 

Gen'l Potter having applied to Council for Boats to bring the 
Militia now at Chester from thence to Billingsport; thereupon, 

Ordered, That the Navy Board be requested to supply Get! 
Potter with as many Boats as may be necessary for the purpose, 
when he shall demand them. 

Gen'l Armstrong & Gen'l Potter attended the Council on the 
general situation of our Military affairs. 

The Council taking into consideration the return of Jistices for 
the Township of Little Britain, & there appearing some objections 
to the appointment of one of the Gentlemen returned, 

Ordered That Tuesday the 12th day of August next, he ap- 
pointed for the hearing of the parties, at Ten O'Clockin the fore- 
noon, in this Chamber, and that notice thereof be given to the In- 
spector & Judges who made the return. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Kittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer, in 
favor of Edw'd Stroud, for the Sum of Ten Pounds, forriding Ex- 
press. 

Agreed, That Capt. Downy be ordered up from Bilingsport. 



The Council met. 

/ 

Philad'a, Monda^uly 21, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, W*, President. 
Hon'ble Jonathan Hoge, Esq'r. 

Ordered, That Gen'l Armstrong be furni^ with the late Re- 
solutions of Congress respecting the FortiP^s intended to be- 
erected at Billingsport, & that he be reque^ to give the neces- 
sary orders to have the same carried into ^mediate execution. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenb^ Esq'r, Treasurer, in 
favor of Wm. Crispin, (Commissary), f "* Sum of Six Thou- 
sand Pounds, for which he is to account 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 249 

The Council met. 

Philad'a, Tuesday, July 22, 1777 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 

Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Jonathan Hoge, John Proctor, \ E .^ 

John Evans, & J 

The Council being informed that Mr. Thomas Barclay had im- 
ported a small Cargo of Salt in Tom's River, in New Jersey, & that 
Mr. Barclay had been offered Ten Dollars ^ Bushel for it, at which 
price he is willing to sell it to the Council for the use of the People 
of this State, 

On motion, agreed, That the Secretary be ordered to purchase the 
said Cargo of Salt at the said price, on condition that it remain at 
the risque of the present Owner for eight days from this time. 

An order was drawn on David Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer, in 
favor of John M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, for the Sum of Three thousand 
Pounds, for which Mr. Nesbitt is to account. 



The Council Met. 

Philad'a, Wednesday July 23, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Evans, Jos. Hart, & ) -n . 

Jonathan Hoge, John Proctor, j " 

John Thompson, Esq'r, Sheriff of the County of Bucks, made 
return of an Election for the choosing a Councellor for the said 
County, by which it appears that Joseph Hart, Esq'r, was duly 
elected Councellor for the said County of Bucks; And Jos. Hart, 
Esq'r, attended, took the Oath required by the Constitution to 
Qualify him to act as Councellor, and thereupon took his seat in 
Council. 

Ordered, That Mr. Benjamin Davis be requested to assist Capt. 
Downy in Surveying the Ground near the River Delaware, as far 
downward as they may find practicable and advantageous. 

Joseph Reed, Esq'r, attended the Council & gave (in writing) 
bis reasons for declining to accept the office of Chief Justice. 



250 MINUTES OF THE 

The Council Met. 

Philad'a, Thursday July 24, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y, THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq>, President. 
Hon'ble G-eorge Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Evans, ~) 

Jonathan Hoge, & V Esquires. 

Joseph Hart. J 

The Petition of Catherine Murphy <fc Mary Green, setting forth, 
That at the City Court holden the Twenty-third instant, they were 
sentenced to receive fifteen lashes a piece, on Saturday next, at the 
Public Whipping Post, on a Conviction for two several felonies, 
and praying for their reasons therein mentioned, that the Council 
will free them from the Punishment that is ordered to be imposed 
on them, & the Judges of the said Court having recommended the 
Petitioners to the Clemency of the Council; thereupon, 

Ordered, That Catherine Murphy & Mary Green be pardoned, 
so far as relates to the inflicting of the Corporal Punishment ordered 
by the City Court. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittcnhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer, in 
favor of John M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, for the Sum of Ten thousand 
Dollars, (intended to be subject to the draft of the Board of War.) 

The Board of War having informed the Council that the last De- 
tachment of Col. Proctor's Regiment was to march this day, in 
consequence of which Fort Island would be left without a Guard; 
thereupon, 

Ordered, That Gen. Potter be requested to send a proper guard 
to take care of the Artillery Stores, &ca., on the said Island. 

The Council taking into consideration a letter from Gen'l 
Washington, dated 9th instant, requesting that a survey may be 
made of such parts of the River Delaware, & land adjacent, as m .y 
be of Military use, in case the enemy should bend their force thrs 
way; And thereupon, 

Ordered, That Mr. Nathan Sellers be directed to make a Sur- 
vey of the River Delaware, for the purpose aforesaid, from Schuyl- 
kill to Christiana Creek. 

That Colo. Lalor be directed to make a like survey from Chris- 
tiana Creek downward. 

That on the East side of the River, Capt. J. Downey be author- 
ized to make a like Survey, begiuning at Cooper's Ferry & extending 
downward to Salem; And, That Mr. Benja. Davis be appointed 
to make a like Survey, beginning at Salem & extending downward ; 
and that proper instructions be drawn aud delivered to each of 
them. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 251 

Ordered, That David Rittenhouse, Esq'r. Treasurer, do supply 
Messrs. Sellers, Lollar, Downy & Davis, with what Money shall be 
necessary, from time to time, for completeing the Surveys ordered 
to be made on the Delaware. 

Mr. John Adams, Mr. Sam'l Adams, Colo. Lee, and Colonel Har- 
rison, of the Continental Board of War, attended in Council to 
consult with them on the means of procuring the earliest intelli- 
gence of the approach of the Enemies' Fleet on our Coast, should 
they come this way, and laid before them a Letter from His Excell'y 

Gen'l Washington, dated instant, recommending this measure; 

thereupon, 

Ordered, That Capt. Hunn, Benja. Jones, & James Martin, go 
immediately down to the Capes for the said purpose, and that in- 
structions be given them for their conduct therein ; & An order 
was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer, in favour of 
Capt. Hunn, for ihe Sum of One Hundred Pounds, to hire expres- 
ses & Pay such Expenses as may accrue, and for which Sum he is to 
account to the Board. 



The Council Met. 

Philad'a, Friday July 25, Ylll, 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THOS. WHA.RTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President 
Hon. George Bryan. Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Evans, ~] 

Jonathan Hoge, and J-Esq'rs. 
Joseph Hart, J 

The Council took into consideration the returns of Justices elect 
from several Counties, & thereupon were commissioned accord- 
ingly. 

Agreed that Rob't Patterson, John Vandergrist, Tho's Long, & 
Martin Shipe, be appointed Justices of the Peace for the County 
of Bucks; & That Will'm McMullen be appointed a Justice of 
Peace for the County of Philadelphia ; And That Thomas Levis, 
Tho's Boyd, Rob't Ralston, John Hart, and Rich'd Reiley, be ap- 
pointed Justices of the Peace for the County of Chester ; And 
That Cha's Shoemaker, Giddy Myer,& Jac'b Morgan, be appointed 
Justices of the Peace for the County of Berks, & were Commis- 
sioned accordingly ; And That John Read, David Jenkin, & George 
Reed be appointed Justices of the Peace for the County of Lan- 
caster, & were Commissioned accordingly ; James Whitesides k 
Patrick Ewing, appointed August 12th, and the Commission in- 
cluding these bears that date; ditto John Hubley, Esq'r. 



262 MINUTES OF THE 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer, in 
favor of Michael Hay, for the Sum of Three Pounds Fifteen Shil- 
lings, for riding express. 

An order was drawn on David Rifccenhouse, Esqr'r, Treasurer, 
in favour of George Gintner, for the Sum of Seven Pounds five 
Shillings, for riding express. 



The Council Met. 

Philad'a, Saturday July 26, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

HisExcell'y, THOS. WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Evans, ~) 

Jonathan Hoge,& >Esqr's. 
Joseph Hart, J 

On Motion, Agreed, That it be recommended to the Navy Board 
to furnish Gen. Du Coudray with a convenient Boat, whenever he 
may call upon them for one. 

Gen. Du Coudray attended the Council, & enquired what Ordi- 
nances had been provided for the Fortifications at Billingsport; 
and thereupon, after enquiry made on this subject, 

Order ed. That the Secretary be directed to inform Gen. Du- ! 
Coudray of the number of Pieces of Ordnance in the State House ! 
Yard, as returned by Capt. Stiles. 

The Council being informed on Oath, that the Public Records j 
of the County of Westmoreland had been in an unlawful & Clan- 
destine manner, removed & Secreted, and that there is reason to I 
suspect that they are removed to, and secreted in the Borough of I 
Lancaster, and that Mich'l Hoofnagle, late Deputy Prothonotary! 
of the said County, had removed & Secreted the said Records, &ca.; ; 
thereupon, 

Ordered, That John Hubly, Esq'r, of the Borough of Lancaster,' 
be authorized & empowered to search for, demand, take, & receive! 
the said Books, Records, Papers, & Seals, or such of them as may; 
be found : And for the more effectual recovery of the same, that he, 
be directed to apply to, and demand of Mich'l Hubley, Esq'r, &' 
Will'm Henry, Esq'r, Justices of the Peace for the County of Lan- 
caster, for their Special Warrant, enabling the Sheriff of the said) 
County, or any Peace Officer, to enter, in the day time, into anyl 
dwelling, or other House, within the said County of Lancaster, and 
there to make diligent search for the said Records, Books, Papers,j 
& Seals, and if the same, or any of them be there found, to bring 
them before the said Justices, in order that they may be delivered 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL, 253 

into the Custody of the said John Hubley ; And That Mich'l Hub- 
ley & Will'm Henry, Esq'r, be commanded & empowered to grant 
the search Warrant before mentioned, to search any particulrr House 
or Houses, as aforesaid, due cause to suspect that the said Records, 
Books, Papers, & Seals, or any of them, be concealed therein, be to 
you shewn ; And That, as the said Mich'l Hoofnagle is now at 
Camp, His ExcelPy Gen. Washington be requested to send the said 
Mich'l Hoofnagle to this City immediately, to answer his conduct 
herein. 



[ Esq'rs. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Sunday July 27, 1777. 

present : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President, 

Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Evans, John Proctor, 

Jonathan Hoge, & 

Mr. Wynkoop, from Bucks County, attending, and having repre- 
sented that the Committee for driving off Cattle from that County 
are too few ; thereupon, 

Ordered, That John Vandegrift, Arthur Watts, James Wallace, 
Joshua Anderson, & Joseph Thomas, be added to the Committee 
for removing Cattle, in the County of Bucks. 

Ordered, That the Committee for removing of Cattle be informed 
of the arrival of part of the Enemy's Fleet at Egg Harbor, and 
reminded of the necessity of holding themselves in readiness to 
perform that duty whenever their judgment shall point it out to ba 
I necessary. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Monday July 28, 1777. 

present : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President, 

Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Evans, John Proctor, ? « , 

Jonathan Hoge &, $ Es( l rs ' 

Gen'l Wayne & Gen'l Nash attended the Council, & laid before 
them the situation of the Army now marching towards this City, 



2$4 MINUTES OF THE 

A Petition signed by a number of Inhabitants of the Borough of 
Bristol, praying a redress of a grievous insult offered to that Bo- 
rough by a certain Capt. Sims, was presented & read. 
Ordered to lie on the Table. 

Caleb Davis, Esq'r, Prothonotary of the County of Chester, com- 
plained that Henry Hale Graham, Esq'r, late Prothonotary, had un~ 
del? divers pretences, neglected to deliver up to him, the said Davis, 
the Books, Records, Papers & Seals belonging to the said Office; 
Whereupon the Council, taking into consideration the great danger 
to which the same are exposed, by reason of the approach of the 
Enemy, 

Ordered, That a Warrant be made out & directed to the said Ca- 
leb Davis, Esq'r, authorizing & empowering him to enter, in day 
time, with proper assistants, the dwelling House & Out Houses of 
the said Henry Hale Graham, Esq'r, & search for & take possession 
of, & secure in some safe place the Books, Records, Papers & Seals 
belonging to the said Office, & requiring him to make returns of 
what he may do herein to the Council. 

On motion, Agreed, That Tho's McKean, Esq'r, be appointed 
Chief Justice of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and was or- 
dered to be Commissioned Accordingly. 

On motion, Agreed, That Jonathan Dickinson Sergeant, Esq'r, 
be appointed Attorney General of the Commonwealth of Pennsyl- 
vania. 

The Hon'ble Congress, by their Resolve of this date, wherein it 
is recommended in the following manner, Viz : 

"United States in Congress Assembled, Monday July 28, 1777. 

"Resolved, That it be recommended to the Executive Council of 
the State of Pennsylvania to call out Four thousand of the Militia, 
in addition to those already called forth, & as their service is imme- 
diately wanted, that they call forth such as can be soonest collected. 

On motion, Agreed, That the City of Philadelphia furnish One 
Class of the Militia, Philadelphia County Two Classes, Bucks 
County One Class, Chester County One Class, Lancaster County 
One Class, York County One Class, Cumberland County One 
Class, & Northampton County One Class, & that orders be immedi- 
ately issued to the Lieutenants to bring out the said Militia with 
all possible expedition. Also, that a detachment of the Artillery of 
the City of Philadelphia, equal to three-eighths parts of the whole, 
be called into service. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 255 



The Council met. 



Philad'a, Tuesday July 29, 1777 



PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Evans, Joseph Hart, } „ , 

Jonathan Hoge, & } ^ 

Ordered, That a Writ be issued to the Sheriff of the County of 
York, for holding an Election for a Councellor for the said County, 
& to be returned to the President in Council, on or before the 19th 
day of August next. 

The Committee appointed to drive off the Stock (in case of the 
Enemies approach) from the frontier part of Chester County, rep- 
resented to Council that Mr. Ash & Mr. Harvey cannot attend that 
duty, &, they request an addition to their number, 

On motion, Agreed, That John Pearson, Nicholas Deihl, Isaac 
Hendrickson, Isaac Serril, Harvey Lewis, & Ja'c Richards, be ad- 
ded to the Committee for driving off the Stock on the Enemies' 
approach. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Will'm Henry, 
Esq'r, for the Sum of Five Hundred Pounds, for which Sum he is 
to account. . ' 

Ay order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer, in 
favor of Robert Smith, Esq'r, for the Sum of One thousand five 
hundred Pounds, for the purpose of Paying Substitutes, & purcha- 
sing Blankets, &ca., & for which Sum he is to account, 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Wednesday July 30, 1777. 

His Excell'y THOS. WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President, 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice-President. 

John Evans, Joseph Hart, ) ™ , 

Jonathan Hoge, & \ ^ sq rs " 

r The State Navy Board informed the Council that u the Congress 
has empowered the Continental Navy Board to purchase twelve 
Vessels, to be fitted out as Fire Ships, & that the Continental 
Navy Board had applied to them to fit out those Vessels," & ask 
the Council to signify their approbation of the measure, and at the 
same time informing them that there is combustibles for Four 
Eire Ships now ready. 



256 MINUTES OF THE 

On consideration, agreed, That the Council approve of the State 
Navy Board undertaking to fit out the Fire Ships ordered by Con- 
gress, & recommend to the Navy Board to take care that there is 
no misunderstanding respecting the mode of paying this expence. 



The Council Met. 

Philad'a, Thursday July 31, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THOS. WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Evans, Joseph Hart, ) ™ , 

Jonathan Hoge, & ' j usq rs. 

Agreed, That application be made to Congress for the Sum of 
One Hundred Thousand Dollars for the Payment of Debts con- 
tracted, or which may be contracted for, or by order of Congress, 
for the Payment of the Militia, &ca. 

An order on Thomas Smith, Esq'r, Committee of the Loan 
Office for the State of Pennsylvania, was accordingly sent up to the 
Council, & by the President made Payable to Dav'd Rittenhouse, 
Esq'r, Treasurer of the State, for the Sum of One Hundred Thou- 
sand Dollars. 

Ordered, That the Lieutenant of the City & Liberties of Phila- 
delphia furnish Colo. Nichola with One Hundred and Fifty Men of 
the Militia, to assist the City Guards in the charge of their impor- 
tant duty. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Colo. John Proctor, to be forwarded by Sebas- 
tian Levan, Esq'r, to Colo. Jacob Morgan, Lieutenant of the County 
of Berks, & 

Ordered, That the same be Charged to the said Colo. Jacob Mor- 
gan, Lieut, of the County of Berks, which was delivered to Sebas- 
tian Levan, Esq'r, for the said Colo. Morgan. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 25* 

The Council met. 

Philad'a. Friday August 1st, 1777, 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 

Hon'ble Oeoege Bryan. Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Evans, 

rs» 



Joseph Hart, & ) E , 
John Proctor, j ^ 



Jonathan Hoge, 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favour of John M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, for the Sum of Four 
Thousand Pounds, for which he is to account. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Dean Timmons, for the sum of Seven Hun- 
dred Dollars, and directing the same to be charged to Commodore 
Tho's Seymour, agreeable to his order, in favor of the said Dean 
Timmons. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of the Secretary, for the Sum of Eighteen Thou- 
sand Pounds, to be by him forwarded to the following Lieutenants 
& Sub-Lieutenants of the Counties, To Wit : To Col. Rob't Smith, 
Lieutenant of the County of Chester, the Sum of Three Thousand 
Pounds, to be accounted for by him : To Colo. Joseph Kirkbride ; , 
Lieutenant of the County of Bucks, the Sum of Three Thousand 
Pounds, for which he is to account: To Colo. Bartram Galbraith, 
Lieutenant of the County of Lancaster, the Sum of Four Thousand 
Pounds, for which he is to account; To Colo. James Gregory, Suh- 
Lieutenant of Cumberland, the Sum of Three Thousand Pounds, 
for which he is to account; To Colo. Richard McCallister, Lieutenant 
of the County of York, the Sum of Three Thousand Pounds, for 
which he is to account ; To Colo. John Wetzell, Lieutenant of the 
County of Northampton, the Sum of Two Thousand Pounds, for 
which Sum he is to account. And the Secretary is directed to for- 
ward it accordingly. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Will'm Crispin, Esq'r, Commissary, for the 
Sum of Two Thousand Pounds, for which he is to account. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Colo. Will'm Coates, Lieutenant of the 
County of Philadelphia, for the Sum of One Thousand Pounds, for 
which he is to account. 

And the following Orders were drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, 
Esq'r, Treasurer of the State, viz : 

In favor of Abraham Bennett, for the Sum of Seven Pounds 
ten Shillings, for riding express from Cape May to this City, on 
public business. 

VOL. XT. — 17. 



258 - MINUTES OF THE 

V 

In favor of James Wilson, for the Sum of Seven Pounds ten 
Shillings, for riding express from Cape May to this City, on Public 
Business. 

In favor of John Hart, Esq'r, for such Sums as he may occa- 
sion for, in completeiug the survey from Salem downwards. 

Sam'l Morris, Esq'r, Register of Wills for the City & County of 
Philadelphia, attended the Council, and represented that he appre- 
hended the Records & Papers belonging to the said Office is in 
danger from the approach of the Enemy, & prayed the advice & 
direction of the Council therein. On consideration, 

Ordered, That Samuel Morris, Esq'r, Register of Wills for the 
City & County of Philadelphia, be directed, in case of the approach 
of the Enemy, to remove at the Public Expenee, all the Records & 
Papers belonging to his Office, to a place of Safety. 



Esq' 



rs« 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Saturday Aug't 2d, 177 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President 
Son'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Evans, John Proctor, 

Jonathan Hoge, Joseph Hart, 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in iavor of Matthew Welden, for the Sum of Seven 
Pounds Ten Shillings, for riding express from Cape May, on public 
Business. 

On motion, 

Agreed, That John Morris, jun'r, Esq'r, be appointed to attend 
the next Court of Quarter Sessions at Lancaster & Reading, as At- 
torney of this Commonwealth at the said Courts. 

An order'was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of John M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, for the Sum of Two 
Thousand Pounds, for which he is to account 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL,. 259 

The Council met. 

Philad^a, Monday Aug't 4, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Evans, John Proctor, and } jw rs 

Jonathan Hoge, Joseph Hart. \ i* 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Dav'd Hand, for the Sum of Seven Pounds 
Ten Shillings, for riding express from Cape May to this City, on 
Public Business. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of John Smith, for the Sum of 

, for riding express several times on Public Business. 

An order was Drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Will'm Coates, Esq'r, for the Sum of Two 
thousand Pounds, to Pay Substitutes, & for which he is to account. 

Ordered, That the Secretary pay to Will'm Coates, Esq'r, Lieu- 
tenant of the County of Philadelphia, the Sum of One Thousand 
Pounds, remaining of the Eighteen thousand drawn for in nis favor, 
he having sent to Colo. Galbraith the sum of .Three thousand 
Pounds, instead of Four thousand Pounds, & that he inform David 
Rittenhouse, JBsq'r. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Tuesday Aug't 5, 1777, 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President, 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President, 

John Evans, John Proctor, & 3 _, , 

Jonathan Hoge, Joseph Hart. J m * 1 



r,3 



260 MINUTES OF THE 

The Council Met. 

Philad'a, Wednesday Aug. 6, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 

Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Evans, John Proctor, & > ™ 

Jonathan Hoge, Joseph Hart. 5 

An order was drawn on David Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Sam'l Smith, Esq'r, Sub Lieutenant of the 
County of Bucks, for the Sum of Nine hundred Pounds, to be 
charged to Colo. Jos. Kirkbride, Lieiutenant of the said County, 
for the purpose of Paying Substitutes, purchasing Blankets, &ca., 
for which sum he is to account. 

The Petition of upwards of Twenty of the Freeholders of the 
Town & Township of Easton, and of Forks Township in the County 
of Northampton, setting forth that Rob't Traill & Henry Fullert, 
Esq'rs, had declined, & still continue to decline to take the Oaths 
necessary to qualify them to act in the Office of Magistrate, & that 
great inconveniences unavoidably & daily arise from there being no 
Magistrate resident in the said Town of Easton, & also setting forth 
that it is necessary that one or more Magistrates should be seated 
in the said Town of Easton, &ca., &ca., was read, & the same be- 
ing considered ; thereupon, 

On motion, Agreed, That Rob't Levers and Abraham Berlin be 
appointed & Commissioned as Justices of the Peace for the said 
County of Northampton, & that they be Commissioned accordingly, 
in the room of the said Rob't Traill & Henry Fullert. 

An order was drawn on David Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Ja's Loughead, Paymaster of the City Mili- 
tia, for the Sum of Two Thousand Dollars, for which he is to ac- 
count. 

Francis Hopkinson, Esq'r, from the Continental Navy Board, ap- 
plied to Council & requested that a Pilot may be put on Board each 
of Two Ships intended to be ordered down the Bay by the said 
Navy Board; thereupon, 

Ordered, That the States Navy Board be directed to furnish the 
Continental Navy Board with Two Pilots, either from among the 
Chevaux-de-Frize Pilots now in the Pay of this State, or any other 
Pilots which they may be able to obtain for the said Purpose. 

The Council taking into consideration that there does not re- 
main any great necessity of continuing the board of War, & that 
strict attention ought to be given to the saving the public money ; 
thereupon, 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 261 

Ordered, That the thanks of the Council be given to the Gen- 
tlemen of the Board of War, for their services to the State, & that 
they be discharged from further service as a board of War. 

Dr. Witherspoon, by a Card, ^presented his Compliments to the 
Vice President, & request that Ja's Scott, David Walker, & John 
Carson, (who were committed to gaol some time ago, as suspicious 
persons,) may be delivered to his Custody ; thereupon, 

Ordered, That they be delivered to Doc't Witherspoon's care, to- 
be retured when called for. 

Ordered, That a writ be issued for imprisoning Lewis Gordon,, 
Esq'r, late Prothonotary of the County of Northampton, under the 
late Government. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Thursday Aug. 7, 1777. 

PRESENT I 

His Exceli'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 



John Evans, John Proctor, & 

Jonathan Hoge, Joseph Hart, 



Esq'rs. 



Jacob Hiltaheimer, in behalf of the Quarter Master General, ap- 
plied to Council for sixty Waggons, for the service of the Army ; 
thereupon. 

Ordered, That the Waggon- Master of the Several Counties, each 
of them furnish a proportion of that number, according to the 
number out of each County, having regard as much as may be to 
the conveniency of individuals. 

A Letter from Gen'l Hand, dated Fort Pitt, 24th July, 1777, 
requesting that orders may be given to the Militia Officers of West- 
moreland & Bedford, to furnish him with what Men they can spare, 
for the purpose of penetrating the Indian Country & destroying 
their settlements, which he apprehends to be necessary to prevent 
the continuance of the Cruelties which they have lately practised, 
as appears inclosed in the General's letter, 

Ordered, That the Letter from Gen'l Hand, dated Fort Pitt, 
24th July, 1777, with paper contained therein, be sent to Congress, 
for their consideration &; direction thereon. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Col. Coats, Lieut, for the County of Phila- 
delphia, for the Sum of One Thousand Pounds, for the purpose of 
Paying Substitutes & purchasing Blankets, &ca., for which he is to 
account. 



262 MINUTES OF THE 

An order was drawn on Pav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favour of Mr. John Beaton, Paymaster of the Chester 
County Militia, for the Sura of One Thousand Eight hundred 
Pounds, for which he is to account. § ■ 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Frederick Schneyder, for the Sum Fifty-Two 
Pounds Three Shillings and Nine Pence, for his Wages & several 
small Articles purchased by him. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esquire, Treasurer 
of the State, in favor of Adam Strieker, for the Sum of Eleven 
Pounds Two Shillings & three Pence, for riding express. 

Ordered, That John Bautlett, a Prisoner in the new Goal, be 
enlarged on Parole. 



The Council met. 



Philad'a, Friday August 8th, 1777. 



present : 
His Excell'y THOS. WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Evans, John Proctor, (^ -p , 

Jonathan Hoge, Joseph Hart, j ^ 

The Council taking into consideration that there remains many 
accounts yet open in consequence of the Contracts made by the 
Board of War, which will for some time require the attention of 
a Clerk to adjust and settle them, as well as to pay the Balances 
which may be yet due ; thereupon 

Ordered, That Jacob S. Howell, late Clerk of the Board of War, 
be continued to settle the Accounts of that Board, & that Money 
be put into his hands from time to time, to pay such Balances as 
may appear to be due. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Jacob S. Howell, for the Sum of Two thous- 
and Pounds, for which he is to account. . 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 263 

The Council met. 



Philad'Aj Saturday August 9, 1777. 

■DBPfililWT • 



PRESENT 

His Excell'y THOS. WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
Jonathan Hoge, ") 
John Proctor, & lEsq'rs. 
Joseph Hart, J 

An o¥der -was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of WilPm Crispin, for the Sum of Six hundred 
Pounds, for which he is to account. 

The Continental Board of War having made application to the 
Council for a guard, in case it shall be found necessary to remove 
the Prisoners from Lancaster; thereupon, 

Ordered, That on application of the Commissary of Prisoners? 
or his Deputy, the Lieutenant of the County of Lancaster, do fur- 
nish the Gruard which may be necessary for the said purpose. 

Mr. James Dundass applied for Money to pay off several Con- 
tracts with Workmen, for tools, &ca., and an order was drawn on 
Jacob S. Howell, in favour of said James Dundass, for the Sum. 
of One thousand five hundred pounds, for which he is to account 

On motion, agreed, That Mr. John White be appointed paymas- 
ter of the Militia of the State of Pennsylvania. 

Mr. John Sullivan, a Prisoner on Parole, having prayed an en- 
largement of his Bounds j thereupon, Agreed, That he be indulged 
with the liberty of the City & County on the West side of Dela- 
ware for Six Miles, 



The Council met. 



Philad'a, Monday August 11, 1777, 



PRESENT I 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble John Evans, Esq'r, Vice President. 
Jonathan Hoge, 1 
John Proctor, & lEsq'rs. 
Joseph Hart, J 

The Petition of Negro Harry, formerly a Slave of Jo'n Humphrey's 
setting forth, that he was Manumitted in due form by his said Mas- 
ter, & Ann Humphreys, the Widow of his deceased master, is about 
to sell him to a person whom, he is apprehensive, will immediately 



264 MINUTES OF THE 

carry him out of this State to places far remote from his Witness, 
& where, it is probable, he may be detained during his life, &ca ; 
& that by reason of the Courts of Justice being shut, he can pro- 
cure no process whereby his person may be secured till the matter 
in dispute can be legally determined ; & therefore prays that meas- 
ures may be taken, so as to secure his person from injury till the 
Courts of Justice shall be opened, as to this Council may seem 
expedient ; and thereupon, 

Ordered, That Mrs. Ann Humphreys (Widow of Mr. Jonathan 
Humphreys, late of this City,) be written to, requesting that she 
will not proceed in selling the aforesaid Negro Harry, until she 
shall make it clearly appear that she has a right so to do# 

WilPm Mollaston, one of the Pilots engaged in the service of 
this State by the late Council of Safety, applied for his discharge 
from that duty, in order to go on Board the Delaware Frigate ; 
thereupon, 

Ordered, That the aforesaid Wm. Mollaston be discharged ac- 
cording to his request. 



The Council Met. 

Ppiilad'a, Tuesday August 12, 1777. 

present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
The Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Evans, John Procter, & \ ^ , 

Jonathan Hoge, Joseph Hart, J *• 

Mr. Penrose, Mr. Dunlap, Mr. Hall, Mr. Hunter, & other Gen" 
tlemen of the Light Horse, waited on the Council & informed that 
Benja. Chew, Esq'r, was, in conformity to the order of Council, 
made Prisoner, and remained at his own House as a Prisoner ; and 
that the Hon'ble John Penn, Esq'r, was also made Prisoner, & 
would, at 12 O'Clock this day, be at the House of Will'm Allen, 
Esq'r, subject to the orders of the Council ; And the Council there- 
upon, 

Ordered, That information be given to Congress, that the 
Hon'ble John Penn, Esq'r, late Governor of Pennsylvania, & Benja. 
Chew, Esq., Chief Justice, Register General of Wills, &ca, & one 
of the Governor's Council of the same, have been made Prisoners 
agreeable to the recommendation of Congress ,* That both of them 
refuse to sign a Parole of any kind ; and that Congress be requested 
immediately to order them to be removed out of the State. 

. An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Jacob S. Howell, for the Sum Seven thousand 
Pounds, for which he is to account. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 2G5 

An order was drawn on Jacob S. Howell for the Sum of Five 
thousand Pounds, in €avor of Joseph Blewer, Esq'r, Chairman of 
the Naval Committee, for which he is to account. 

Agreeable to the order of the day, Francis Armstrong of the 
Township of Little Britain, in the County of Lancaster, Complain- 
ant against James Whitesides, Justice elect of the said Township, 
George Ewing of the same place, & John Allison, one of the-Judges 
of the Election for the choosing of Justices for the said Township, 
appeared and laid before the Council divers depositions and evi- 
dences said to be respecting the said Complaint, which having been 
duly examined, do not appear to contain any matter immediately 
relating either to thWisqualification of the said Whitesides to fill 
the Office of a Justice of the Peace, or tending to prove ai*y unfair 
proceedings at said Election. 

And the Council taking the return of Justices for the Township 
of Little Britain, in the County of Lancaster, into their considera- 
tion, Agreed, That James Whitesides & Patrick Ewing be appointed 
Justices for the County of Lancaster. — [See a Minute of this ap- 
pointment, antea pa. 251.] 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Wednesday Aug. 13, 1777» 

present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Evans, J John Proctor, & ~) ™ , 

Jonathan Hoge, Joseph Hart, 3 

The Continental Board of War having in writing desired that this 
Council will procure an Officer & Six Gentlemen of the Philadel- 
phia Light Horse to escort John Penn & Benja. Chew, Esq'rs, as 
Prisoners to Fredericksburg, in Yirginia, and direct them to call at 
the War Office & receive their instructions as soon as possible, and 
the resolutions of Congress respecting the removal of the aforesaid 
Gentlemen being read ; thereupon, 

Ordered, That the Officers of Light Horse of this City be re- 
quested to select from among themselves & their escort an officer & 
Six Gentlemen to escort John Penn & Benj'a Chew, Esq'rs, as Pri- 
soners to Fredericksburg, in Virginia, & that the escort call at the 
Continental War Office & receive their instructions as soon as pos- 
sible. 

GenT Du Coudray having applied to Council for a House at Fort 
Island, 



266 MINUTES OF THE 

Ordered, That Gen'l Du Coudray be furnished with the House 
on Fort Island which may best his conveniency. 

A Letter from Gen'l Potter respecting the promise of the Sub- 
Lieutenants of Bucks County to their people, that they shall be 
discharged when the time of those that entered first is out. 

Ordered, That a Copy of the said Letter be sent to Col. Kirk- 
bridge, Lieutenant of the County of Bucks. 

Mr. White, lately appointed Paymaster of this State, having de- 
clined to accept that appointment, as he chose to enter the Service 
in another line, 

On motion, Agreed, That Capt. Thos. Dorsey be appointed Pay- 
master of the Militia of this State. 

An ^rder was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer, in 
favor of Will'm Crispin, for the Sum Two Thousand Pounds, for 
which he is to account. 

The Committee of Philadelphia County appointed to drive off 
Cattle, &ca, request that Joseph Ash ton & Simon Bennett, of Lower 
Dublin, & John Bode and John Stevenson, of Byberry, be added 
to that Committee ; & on consideration, Agreed that they be added 
to the said Committee accordingly. 

On motion, Agreed, That Col. Nicola furnish a proper guard over 
John Penn & Beirja. Chew, Esq'rs, to relieve the Gentlemen of the 
Light Horse from that duty until the Continental Board of War 
shall take charge of them. 

An order was drawn on David Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Capt. Tho's Dorsey, Paymaster of the Militia 
of this State, for the Sum of One Thousand Pounds, for which he 
is to account. 

Divers depositions relating to abuses offered to several persons 
therein named, of the County of York, by Lieut. Reynolds, Lieut. 
McCoy, of Capt. Steele's Company, & one Ogilvie, being laid be- 
fore the Council & read, thereupon a Warrant was issued* directed 
to James Claypoole, Esq'r, Sheriff of the County of Philadelphia, 
to apprehend the said Lieut. Reynolds, Lieut. McCoy, and Ogilvie, 
& bring them or either of them, before this Council, to answer the 
complaints contained in the depositions aforesaid. 

On motion, Agreed, That Mr. Marshall Edwards be appointed 
Paymaster of the County of Philadelphia Militia. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 267 



The Council Met. 

Philad'a, Thursday Aug't 13th, 1777. 

present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Estj'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Evans, • John Proctor, and? w > ,: 

Jonathan Hoge, Joseph Hart, $ • 'y 

The Rev'd Doct. Ewing, in behalf of Benja. Chew, Esquire, ap- 
peared in the Council, & declared Mr. Chew's willingness now to 
sign the Parole offered to him, & requested that he might be per- 
mitted to do so, at the same time declaring that Mr. Chew had not 
refused to sign the Parole offered to him, from any want of respect 
to the Council, but from a desire that the cause of his Arrest might 
have been inserted in the Warrant for arresting him, in order that 
he might be able to satisfy his friends upon what he is Arrested, & 
that it may not be supposed that he stands charged with having 
committed any crime against the States, but that he is arrested as 
an Officer under the late Government of Pennsylvania. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Peter Dehaven, or his order, for the Sum of 
One Thousand Pounds, for which he is to account. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Will'm Crispin, for the Sum of four Thous- 
and Pounds, for which he is to account. 

Lieut. Will'm McCoy, & Ensign John Reynolds, were brought 
by the Sheriff before the Council, & on examination, it appearing 
that they were the persons charged with being guilty of a riot in 
the County of York, on the 2nd of this instant, August, & there- 
upon, 

Ordered, That the said Will'm McCoy & John Reynolds do give 
security for their appearance at the next Court of Quarter Sessions 
in the County of York, there to answer the said charge, each of 
them himself in the Sum of ^150. & two sufficient securities for 
each, in the Sum of ^6150 for such appearance, and that they stand 
committed until such security is given. 

Whereas, In the course of the examination of the aforesaid 
Will'm McCoy & John Reynolds, it appears that Serjeant And'w 
Byer, in Capt. Nichols' Company; Ezekiel Sample, in Capt. 

Steele's Company; Davis, in Capt. Butler's Company; 

Ensign Wilson, of Erwin's Comp'y, Will'm Coyle, or Kyle, 

John Hogg, Ensign, & John Magee, Ensign, have been active in 
the said Riot; therefore the Council issued a Writ, directed to the 
Sheriff of the County of Philadelphia, authorizing him to appre- 



268 MINUTES OF THE 

hend the said Andrew Byer, Ezekiel Sample, Davis, 

Wilson, Coyle, or Kyle, John Hogg, & John Magee, & 

bring them, or any of them, before this Council, to answer the 
complaints aforesaid. 

Doctor Drummond having applied to the Council by Petition, 
praying to be enlarged on Parole, the same was now taken into 
consideration, & thereupon, 

Ordered, That his parole be taken to confine him to his House, 
& on the West Side of Delaware, within Two Miles of the same. 

The Parole to contain the conditions in other respects contained 
in Mr. Smith's Parole, lately taken. 

Colo. Bull, Adjutant General, applied to Council for assistance 
in removeing the Troops from Billingsport to Fort Island ; there- 
upon, 

Ordered, That the Navy Board do give the necessary assistance 
in removing the Troops from Billingsport to Fort Island. 

On motion, , 

Ordered, That Mr. Matthias Bush procure One thousand Knap- 
sacks for the use of the Militia of this State, on the best terms they 
can be had, for which he shall be allowed One Shilling each as 
Commission — the price of materials & making to be charged at the 
first cost. 

And'w Byers, John Hogg, & Ezekiel Semple, were brought be- 
fore the Council & examined. Whereupon, John Hogg & Ezekiel 
Semple were discharged, the evidence against them being insuffi- 
cient to justify the detaining them. And'w Byers appearing to have 
been concerned in the above mentioned riot, was ordered to give 
security for his appearance at the next Court of Quarter Sessions 
for the aforesaid County of York, to answer the said charge himself, 
in the Sum of Fifty Pounds, & one sufficient surety in the like 
Sum. 



The Council met. 



Piiilad'a, Friday August 15, 1777. 



present : 
His Exccll'y TIIO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Evans, John Proctor, & ) T? SQ » rs 

Jonathan Hoge, Joseph Hart, j ^ 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Michael Boyer, for the Sum of Twenty-Two 
Pounds fourteen Shillings & Six Pence ; for riding express. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 269 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Michael Hay, for the Sum of Six Pounds Fif- 
teen Shillings, for riding express. 

The Petition of Henry Funk & George Kreibel, complaining that 
they have been for some days past, confined in the Goal of North- 
ampton County, by commitment of Henry Lumbeck, Esq'r, because 
they had refused to take the Test of Allegiance directed to be taken 
by the Act of Assembly passed the 13th day of June last, & pray- 
ing a day might be appointed for the hearing of said complaint, 
was read, & thereupon, 

Ordered, That the Secretary write to the said Frederick Lem- 
boch, jJsq'r, & inform him of the said Petition, and explaining the 
Law respecting the foundation on which a Commitment on a suspi- 
cion of a Spy is to be founded, & also to desire the said Magistrate 
not to extend the said Law in the execution thereof, beyond what 
it will justify, & to recommend to the said Magistrate, in case any 
difficulty should arise in the discharge of the Petitioners, to take 
two other Magistrates to his assistance, & re-consider the case : And 
if any difficulty shall prevent the enlargement of the Petitioners, 
Tuesday the ninth of September is appointed for hearing of the 
Parties. 

A Resolve of Congress of this Date, recommend to this Council, 
for the reasons therein mentioned, to Arrest & confine Thomas Light- 
foot, being read ; thereupon, 

Ordered, That Congress be informed that Thomas Lightfoot is 
not an inhabitant of this State. 

The Council taking into consideration the demand made by Gen- 
eral Gates, of Seven Hundred Si Fifty Men to his Assistance in 
the Northern Department, 

Ordered, That the second Class of the Militia of Bucks County, 
<& the second Class of the Militia of Northampton, repair imme- 
diately to Peckskiln, & there wait the orders of G-en'l Gates. 

On motion, Agreed, That James Hamilton, John Lawrence, 
Edward Shippen, jun'r, Joseph Shippen, jun'r, & James Humph- 
reys, Esq'r, have the bounds prescribed in their respective Paroles 
enlarged to the whole State of Pennsylvania. 

Mr. Melchoir, Barrack Master, applied to Council by Letter, 
requesting to be supplied with Money for laying in a Stock of Wood 
for the Barracks, against the coming Winter; on consideration, 

Ordered, That Mr. Melchoir be informed that Council do not 
think the application to this Board for Money to purchase a Stock 
of Wood is proper or necessary, as it is no part of the Business of 
the Council to furnish Wood for the Troops, & therefore decline 
supplying the Money he asks for. 



270 MINUTES OF THE 

The Council met. 

Philad'a, Saturday Aug't 16, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHAKTON, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Jonathan Hoge, Joseph Hart, ) ™ , 

John Proctor,& $ ^ 

Colo. Cook applied to the Council for a certified copy of the 
Minutes of the Council of Safety, respecting the appointment of 
Colo. Johnson, Colo. Humpton, & himself; thereupon, 

Ordered, That Mr. J. g. Howell furnish Colo. Cook with the 
said Minutes. 

On Motion, Agreed, That Will'm Augustus Atlee, Esq'r, of the 
Borough of Lancaster, be appointed & commissioned Second Judge, 
& that John Evans, Esq'r, of the County of Chester, be appointed 
& commissioned Third Judge of the Supreme Court of the Com- 
monwealth. Commissions made out & dated this day. 

Ordered, That the Navy Board do supply Major Gen'l Arm- 
strong on his application, with Boats from time to time, to remove 
the Militia from Billingsport, or for other purposes, as he may see 
occasion. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a., Monday Aug't 18, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THOS. WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 



Esq'rs. 



John Baily, John Proctor, & 

Jonathan Hoge, Joseph Hart, 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Colo. Benja. Brannon, Lieut, of the County 
of Chester, for the Sum of One Thousand Dollars, for the purpose 
of Paying Substitutes & purchasing Blankets, &ca. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Capt. Thos. Dorsey, or his order, for the 
Sum of Two Thousand Pounds, to be applied to Pay the Militia, 
& for which he is to account. 

An order was drawn on Jacob S. Howell, in favor of Mr. James 
Dundas, for the Sum of Five hundred Pounds, for which he is to 
account. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 171 

The Council met. 

Philad'a, Tuesday Aug't 19, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THOS. WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President, 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President, 
John Baily, "J 

Jonathan Iioge, & lEsq'rs. 
John Proctor, J 

On motion, Agreed, That Isaac Mackey & Joseph Gardner, of 
the County of Chester, Esq'rs, they, or either of them, be appointed 
& Authorized, by Dedimus Potestatum, to administer to Thomas 
McKean, Esq'r, Chief Justice of the Peace of this State, the 
Oaths or Affirmations required to Qualify him for the said Office, 
according to the Constitution & Laws of this Commonwealth ; And 
also, to administer to John Evans, Esq'r, Third Judge in & for the 
said State, the Oaths or Affirmations required to Qualify him for 
the said office, according to the Constitution & laws of this Com- 
monwealth ; and that Michael Hubley & John Hubley, Esq'r, be 
appointed & authorized as aforesaid, to administer the said Oaths or 
Affirmations to Will'm Atlee, Esq'r, Second Judge of the said 
State. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of John Hubley, Esq'r, for the Sum of One thou- 
and Five hundred Pounds, towards defraying the Expences of 
building a Powder Magazine & Store Houses at Lancaster, he being 
appointed a Commissioner for that purpose by the Council of Safety, 
for which he is to account. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of John Hubley, Esq'r, for the Sum of One 
thousand Pounds, for the purpose of defraying the expences of the 
Militia in & about Lancaster last Winter, when on their March to 
this City, to be paid to the Hon'ble Will'm Atlee, Esq'r, & for which 
he is to account. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of John Hubley, Esq'r, for the Sum of Six hun- 
dred & fifty Pounds, to be also paid to the Hon'ble William Atlee^ 
Esq'r, to purchase Blankets with, & for which he is to account. 

An order was drawn on Mr. Jacob S. Howell, in favor of Mr. 
Isaac Melchor, Barrack Master, for the Sum of Five Hundred 
Pounds, for which he is to account. 

Hillary Baker, jun'r, was recommended by Six of the Justices 
of the County of Philadelphia, to be a Clerk of the Court of Quar> 
ter Sessions of the Peace for the said County. 



272 MINUTES OF THE 

The Council met. 

Philad'a, Wednesday Aug. 20, 1777 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Bailey, John Proctor. } ™ , 

Jonathan Hoge, & ) 

Peter Dehaven applied to Council for a Still bottom of Copper, 
to be used in the Gun Factory, and an order was given to him for 
the same j accordingly directed him to go & take the same. 

Ordered, That Peter Dehaven call on Rob't Morris, Esq'r, for 
the Gun Locks in his hands belonging to this State. 

Ordered, That application be made to Congress for their advice 
respecting the Militia now coming in, whether the situation of Pub- 
lic Affairs will admit of their being discharged or not. 

On motion, Agreed, That John Carithers, of East Pennsborough, 
in the County of Cumberland, be appointed Lieut, of the said Coun- 
ty, & that he be commissioned accordingly. 

On motion, Agreed, That Lieut. Col. Will'm Clerke be ap- 
pointed Paymaster of the Militia of the County of Cumberland, & 
that Philip Marsteller, Esq'r, be appointed Paymaster of the Militia 
of the County of Lancaster. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Will'm Crispin, Commissary, for the Sum 
of Four Thousand Pounds, for which he is to account. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Jacob S. Howell, for the Sum of One Thou- 
sand Pounds, for which he is to account. 

The Council being informed that Capt. Jos. Watkins had ordered 
the Copper belonging to this State to be brought to this City; 
thereupon, 

Ordered, That Capt. Watkins be ordered to deliver the said 
copper to Peter Dehaven without delay. 

On motion, Agreed, That the Paymaster of the Militia of this 
State be allowed Pay and Rations as a Colonel, with a reasonable 
allowance for his expences & loss of time in settling his accounts, if 
this shall happen when he is not in Pay. 

On motion, Agreed, That the respective County Paymasters of 
the Militia be allowed Pay & Rations as a Major, with a reasonable 
allowance for his expenses & loss of time in settling his Accounts, 
if this shall happen when he's not in Pay. 

Colo. Berker, of the Sixth Pennsylvania Battalion in Continental 
Service, sent in an arrangement of the Officers of his Battalion, & 
recommended John Markland, Philip Sneider, John Foster, and 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 273 

Charles Mackenett, to be appointed Ensigns in the said Battalion ; 
thereupon, 

Ordered, That John Markland, Philip Sneider, John Foster, & 
Charles Mackenett, be appointed Ensigns in the Sixth Pennsylva- 
nia Battalion in the Continental service, & that the Commissions of 
the first named of them bear date this day, & the others in the 
order as they stand named, each one day later than the Commission 
of him who stand named next before him. 

Peter Dehaven, one of the Supervisors of the Factory of Mus- 
kets & other Arms, heretofore established at French Creek, in 
Chester County, by the late Council of Safety, representing to the 
Council that the Committee of Assembly now setting on the ac- 
counts of the said Council of Safety, & also of the late Committee 
of Safety, do not consider themselves authorized to proceed to ex- 
amine & settle the Accounts of said Supervisors later than the 5th 
day of March last, the date of the dissolution of the said Council 
of Safety; & the same objection being made by the said Commit- 
tee of Accounts on the application of Council to them j Council 
do hereby request and authorize the Gentlemen of the said Com- 
mittee of Accounts, to proceed to examine & Settle the Accounts 
of Peter Dehaven and James Carter, Superintendents of said Fac- 
tories, and of all other persons employed by or continued in employ 
by the late Board of War of this State, inasmuch as their Ac- 
counts must, from their circumstances, necessarily be settled for & 
during the existence of said Board of War, in connection with 
former accounts of said persons under the Committee & Council of 
Safety. 



The Council Met 

Philad'a, Thursday Aug't 21, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, Jun'r, Esq'r, President, 

Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Bailey, John Proctor. ] ™ , 

Jonathan Hoge, & \ ^ rs * 

WilPm Dewees, Esq'r, late Sheriff of the County of Philadel- 
phia, applied to Council some time ago, representing that by order 
of the Committee of Safety of the 20th of May, 1776, he had de- 
livered to Colo. Shee, for the recruiting of his Battalion, Thirty-one 
Criminals, and he exhibited an account of the Fines, (due to the 
Governor & other Officers,) charges, &ca, from the said Criminals, 
amounting to the Sum of Two hundred & Forty-four Pounds, Eleven 
vol. xi. — 18. 



274 MINUTES OF THE 

Shillings, & four Pence, besides the Sum of Six Pounds nine Shil- 
lings and Six Pence, due for Turnkey's Fees, which the Council 
conceiving to be unreasonable, & that it ought not to be paid, di- 
rected Mr. Dewees to make out an Account of the Fees really due 
to him, which being now exhibited, Amounting to the Sum of Fifty- 
six Pounds Nineteen Shillings & Six Pence, and the same being 
examined, was allowed & ordered to be paid. John Hubley, Esq'r, 
appeared, & his Account of attendance at the Council being adjus- 
ted, an order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of the said John 
Hubley, for the Sum of One hundred & nineteen pounds, Vizt : 

For attendance, days. 

From 24 Novem., 1776, to the 12 Decern., inclusive, - 19 

From 3 Jan'ry to the 12 Feb'ry, 1777, inclusive, - 41 

From 10 March to the 5 April, inclusive, - 27 



87 days, @ 25s, £108 15 

3 Mileages, 132 Miles each, at 5d each time, 8 5 



87 



mv 



An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Thomas Dorsey, (Paymaster,) for the Sum of 
Three Thousand Pounds, for the purpose of Paying the Militia. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Edw'd Stroud, for riding express, for the Sum 
of Nine Pounds nineteen Shillings & Six Pence. 

An order was Drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of John Peck, for riding express, for the Sum of 
Four Pounds Eight Shillings & Six Pence. 

Ordered, That Archibald McClean be appointed & Commissioned 
as Clerk of the Orphans' Court of the County of York. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Friday Aug't 22, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Baily, John Proctor. 7 ™ , 

Jonathan Hoge, & 5 ^ r3, 

Caleb Davis, Esq'r, appeared in Council, & took the affirmation 
required by the Constitution of this State to Qualify him to act as 
one of the Justices of the Court of Common Pleas for the County 
of Chester. 



' SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 275 

On motion, Agreed, That WilPm Henry, Esq'r, be appointed & 
empowered to employ Workmen to make Arms for the use of the 
Militia of this State. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Jacob S. Howell, for the Sum of Four Thous- 
and Pounds, for which he is to account. 

An order was drawn on Jacob S. Howell, in favour of the Chair- 
man of the State Navy Board, on his order, for the Sum of Three 
Thousand Pounds, for which the said Board is to account. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Saturday Aug. 23, 1777. 

PRESENT I 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 



John Bailey, John Proctor, 



Esq'rs. 



Jonathan Hoge, & 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Col. Will'm Coats, Lieut, of the County of 
Philadelphia, for the Sum of Two hundred & fifty Pounds, for the 
purpose of purchasing & Paying Substitutes. 
On motion, 

Ordered, That the first & Second Class of the Militia of North- 
ampton be ordered to march to Lancaster, & there wait the orders of 
Gen'l Washington, any orders to the contrary thereof heretofore 
given notwithstanding. 

On motion, Agreed, That Col. Henry, Lieut, of the City & Li- 
berties of Philadelphia, do immediately complete, in the fullest 
manner, the third Class of the City & Liberties of Philadelphia, & 
March the same, without loss of time, to Downingstown, in Chester 
County, & also that he embody a Detachment, with suitable Officers, 
of the Artillery of the City & Liberties of Philadelphia, equal to 
three-eights of the whole of said Corps, & send them forthwith, 
with suitable Cannon, in the following Divisions, That is to say : 
One-half of them to the Borough of Chester, & the other half to 
Downingstown, in Chester County, there to receive Gen'l Washing- 
ton's orders. 

On motion, Agreed, That orders be immediately sent to Colo. 
Kirkbride, to send down the rest of the third Class of the Militia of 
Bucks County, or as Gen'l Armstrong may otherwise order. 

The Navy Board informed the Council by Letter that the Conti- 
nental Navy Board had requested that Three of our armed Galleys 
& two fire Vessels, may be sent down to the assistance of Capt. Al- 
exander, & requested the order of Council thereupon. 



276 MINUTES OF THE 

On consideration, Agreed, That the request of the Continental 
Navy Board be complied with; but that it be recommended to the 
State Navy Board to inform the Gentlemen aforesaid, that the 
Council think it necessary to observe, that the Galleys are not con- 
structed for rough water, & that they hope the Boats will not be 
run into unnecessary danger. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Monday Aug 7 t 25, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 

Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Bailey, John Proctor, ) ™ , 

Jonathan Hoge, & j 

On motion, Agreed, That John Morris, jun'r, Esquire, be ap- 
pointed to attend the next Court of Quarter Sessions of the Peace 
for the County of Chester, as Attorney of this Commonwealth in 
the said Court. 

Ordered, That Jonathan B. Smith, Esquire, Prothonotary of the 
County of Philadelphia, do bring the Books & Papers belonging to 
the said Office to the City of Philadelphia. 

On motion, Agreed, That Colo. Dan'l Hunter be appointed Pay- 
master of the Militia of the County of Berks. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Mathias Bush, for the Sum of One thousand 
Dollars, for which he is to account. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Treasurer of the 
State, in favor of Thomas Dorsey, Paymaster, for the Sum of Two 
Thousand Pounds, for which he is to account. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of John Smith, for the Sum of One thousand 
five hundred Pounds, to be charged to Colo. Joseph Kirkbride, 
Lieut, of the County of Bucks, (to whom said Smith is to deliver 
it,) for the purpose of paying Substitutes and purchasing Blankets, 
&ca. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 277 

The Council met. 

Phxlad'a, Tuesday Aug't 26, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President.. 

Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Bailey, John Proctor, > ^ , 

Jonathan Hoge, & S ^ Sq rS ' 

Gen'l Potter informed the Council that Col. WilPm Henry had 
in his possession four hundred or five hundred stand of Arms more 
than is wanted for the third Class of City Militia, and that the 
Militia of some of the Counties are in want of Arms, & propose 
that these be put into his hands for the purpose of Arming them ; 
thereupon, 

Ordered, That Colo. Henry be desired to deliver such Arms as 
he can spare to Gen'l Armstrong, to be put into the hands of the 
Militia. 

The Navy Board having represented to Council that Com- 
modore Hazlewood's Pay during the time of his attending & 
directing the fitting of the Fire Ships & Rafts, & recommending it 
to the consideration of the Council to make him a handsome al- 
lowance for his extra trouble & great attention to that department ; 
thereupon, 

Ordered, That Commodore Hazlewood be allowed & paid for his 
extra service in fitting out the Fire Ships & Fire Rafts, the Sura 
of One Hundred Pounds. 

An order was drawn on Jacob S. Howell, in favor of James 
Dundas, for the Sum of Five hundred Pounds, for which he is to 
account. 

Tho's Hale, Deputy Waggon Master General, applied to Council 
for Seven Waggons for Gen'l Nash's Brigade, the Quarter Master 
not being able to furnish him ; thereupon, 

Ordered, That the Justices of the County of Chester, or any of 
them, supply the said Mr. Hale with Seven Waggons, & that if 
they do not immediately furnish them, that Mr. Hale be empowered 
& authorized to impress them. 

An order was Drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Thomas Dorsey, Esq'r, Paymaster of the 
Militia of the County of Philadelphia, for the Sum of four thousand 
Pounds, for which he is to account. 

On motion, Agreed, That as it does not suit the conveniency of 
Colo. Hunter to continue Paymaster of the County of Berks, Mr. 
Henry Spyker be appointed Paymaster of the Militia of the County 
of Berks. 



278 MINUTES OF THE 

Colo. Ayres & Capt. Brown, of the Artillery of this City & Lib- 
erties, laid before the Council some inconvenience* which will arise 
from ordering out three-eighths parts of the Artillery Militia in the 
City, & proposed that instead thereof, two complete Companys of 
Militia Artillery Men now go into service. 

Application was now made by Colonel Flower, in the name of 
Gen. Knox, to borrow the two brass twelve Pounders Field Pieces 
belonging to this State, and he offers to leave in exchange for the 
present, two brass six Pounders for the use of the Militia ; and 
Congress, by their resolve of this date, having recommended it to 
Council "to lend the Commander-in-Chief' the said two brass 
twelve Pounders ; thereupon, 

Ordered, That the Council will lend to the Commander-in-Chief 
the Two brass Twelve Pounders belonging to this State, & that they 
be delivered to Colo. Flower, on condition that two good brass six 
pounders be left in their stead, for the use of the Militia. 

On motion, Agreed, That Jas. Irwin, Esq'r, be appointed a Brig- 
adier Gen'l of this State. 

Ordered, Than an express be sent to French Creek, with orders 
to Mr. Dehaven to send down immediately all the Arms in his pos- 
session which are fit for service, & an account of the Lead in his 
possession. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Colo. John Weitzel, Lieut, of the County of 
Northampton, for the Sum of One Thousand and Five hundred 
Pounds, which he is to account for. 

Ordered, That application be made to the Board of War, for an 
order to their Commissary of Stores to supply the Militia of this 
States, thro' Mr. Robert Towers, our Commissary, with such Stores 
as they may have occasion for & which he cannot furnish them 
with. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Bittenhouse, Esquire, Treasurer 
of this State, in favor of Mr. James Sutter, for the Sum of Five 
Hundred Pounds, to be by him delivered to Mr. Tho's Savage, & 
charged to said Savage as director of Salt-works. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Wednesday Aug't 27, 1777. 

present : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHABTON, Esq'r, President. 

Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Bailey, John Proctor. > ™ , 

Jonathan Hoge, & $ ^ S( * rs * 

The Congress by a Resolve of yesterday, having recommended 
to this Council that " the leaden Spouts in Philadelphia be taken 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 279 

down for the use of the Laboratory," & it appearing to this Coun- 
cil to be a Salutary & necessary measure ) therefore, 

Resolved, ThatEvan Evans, Robert Allison, & James Worrell, 
be appointed to take down all such Spouts accordingly, & make a 
just valuation thereof. 

And in conformity with another Resolve of the same date, found- 
ed on evident necessity & sound Policy, 

Resolved, That the Colonel or Commanding officer of each Re- 
giment of the City Militia, do appoint one or more Officers & a 
sufficient number of men in each ward, who shall search the Houses 
of all such of the " inhabitants of the City of Philadelphia, who 
have not manifested their attachment to the American cause, for 
Fire Arms, Swords & Bayonets; That the owners of the Arms so 
found be paid for them at an appraised Value, & that they be de- 
livered to sueh of the Militia of the State of Pennsylvania who 
are at present unarmed & have been called into the field," and that 
a Constable attend each party during the said search, in order to 
keep the Peace. 

And another Resolve of Congress of the same date, " requesting 
this State to cause all persons within the same notoriously disaf- 
fected, forthwith to be apprehended, disarmed, and secured, till 
such time as the State shall think they may be released without 
injury to the common cause j" the same was referred t© further 
consideration. 

N. B. The above mentioned Arms are to be put into the hands 
of the Lieut, of the City, for the aforesaid purpose. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Michael Boyer, for the Sum of Fourteen 
pounds & fourteen Shillings, for riding express on Public Business. 

Mr. Robt. McGee petitioned the Council, praying to receive in 
Exchange, One large Copper bottom, one small raised ditto, and 
four parts proposed for large still heads for Copper, of equal quality 
in substance. 

On consideration, 

Ordered, That the said Petition be granted, & that the Commis- 
sary in whose hands the above mentioned Copper is, do exchange 
it accordingly. 

Mr. Anthony Butler, agent for the Quarter Master General, ap- 
plied to Council & requested to be supplied with forty Waggons & 
Twenty-four Artillery Horses. 
On consideration, 

Ordered, That the Justices of the County of Philadelphia be 
required to send down immediately Twenty-five Waggons, & that 
the Justices of the County of Chester be required to send down 
Twenty-five Waggons, to be Subject to the orders of the Quarter 
Master General or his Agents. 

On motion, Agreed, That Philip Boehm be appointed Paymas- 
ter of the Militia of the County of Northampton. 



280 MINUTES OF THE 

The Council met. 

Philad'a, Thursday Aug't 28, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 

Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Bailey, John Proctor, ) ™ > 

Jonathan Hoge, & Joseph Hart. \ ' 

Mr. McG-ee acquainted the Council that Mr. WatkiDS, in whose 
hands the Copper ordered to be exchanged yesterday, has refused 
xo be at the trouble of exchanging it ; therefore, 

Ordered, That Capt. Watkins deliver the Copper in hanus be- 
longing to this State, to Mr. Robert Towers, Commissary. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Will'm Crispin, Esq'r, for the sum of Three 
Thousand Pounds, for which he is to Account. 

Mr. Joshua Williams having represented to the Council that 
the late Council of Safety had encouraged him to enlist a Company 
of Men, & had engaged to give him a Captain's Commission, on 
condition that he should do so, and that he has in consequence 
thereof, enlisted about Thirty Men to serve during the War, who 
are now ready to be marched to Camp; whereupon, 

Resolved, That Mr. Joshua Williams be entitled to receive a 
Captain's Commission, on his marching to Camp any number of 
effective Men not less than Twenty -five, enlisted to -serve three 
Years, or during the War; and that a Captain's Commission be 
lodged in the hands of Major G-en'l Armstrong, to be delivered to 
Mr. Williams, on his producing a Certificate from a Gren'l Officer, 
that he has complied with the above condition. 



The Council Met. 

Philad'a, Friday Aug't 29, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Bailey, John Proctor, > ™ , 

Jonathan Hoge, & Joseph Hart. 3 ^ r& ' 

On motion, Agreed, That the Chevaux de Frize Pilots now in 
Pay of the State, be discharged. 

The Committee appointed to drive off Cattle in the County of 
Bucks, having recommended the following persons to be added to 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 281 

their assistance, they are appointed to the assistance of the said 
Committee accordingly, Viz't : 

Of Bensalem. — Benja. Severns, Laurence Johnson and Henry 
Bouser. I 

Of Bristol Township. — Robt. Patterson & John Barnsley. 

Of Bristol Borough. — David Kennedy. 

Of falls Township.— ^fho's Harvey, Will'm Kilpatrick & Henry 
Pitner. 

Of Middletown. — Jonathan Hibbs, Will'm Goslin & James 
Gregg. 

Of Southampton. — Simon Vanarsdale, Nich's Varnarsdale & 
Seth Beans. 

Of Northampton. — G-arrat Dungan, Jacob Bennet & Christian 
Hegeman. 

Of Newtown. — Peter Lefferty & Abram Johnson. 

Of Lower Makefield. — Peter Vansant, Cornelius Slack & Cor- 
nelius Vansant. 

Of Upper Makefield. — Jas. Mathews, Jas. McMear & Jas. Tal- 
bot. 

Of Wright's Town. — Jas. Barron & Henry McKinstry. 

Of Warwick. — Benja. Snodgrass, jun'r, And'w McMicken & 
John Ramsay. 

Of Warminster. — Tsaac Hoff & Charles Garrison. 

Of Warrington. — Will'm Long & Robt. Weir. 

Of New Britain. — Sam'l Weir and John Barton. 

Of Buckingham. — John Carr, John Sample, Will'm Simpson & 
Will'm Bennett. 

Of Salesbury. — Barnet Vanhorn, Will'm Neily & Josiah Winter. 

Of Plumstead. — Robt. Gibson, John Dunlap & Dav'd Nesbitt. 

Of Bedminster. — And'w Armstrong, Robt. McReily & Peter 
Stout. 

Of Hill Town. — James Armstrong & Henry Lewis. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of John Gill, Esq'r, Sub-Lieutenant of the 
County of Bucks, for the Sum of One Thousand Pounds, to be 
charged to Colo. Joseph Kirkbridge, Esq'r, Lieutenant of said 
County. 

Orders were sent to Peter Dehaven, at French Creek, to send 
down as many Arms as are fit for service, & to send also as many 
Continental Arms as he can do, on an enclosed order from the 
Board of War; also to forward the Arms in the hands of John 
Baker, of Providence, if not already sent down. 



282 MINUTES OF THE 

The Council met. 

Philad'a, Saturday Aug. 30, 1777. 

PRESENT I 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 

Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Bailey, Joseph Hart. \ « , 

Jonathan Hoge, & J ^ 

Commission to James Benezet, Esq'r, as Justice of the Court of 
Common Pleas for the County of Bucks, dated this day.* 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Benj'a. Brannon, Esq'r, for the Sum of One 
thousand Dollars, to be charged to Bob't Smith^Esq'r, Lieut, of 
the County of Chester, for the purpose of Paying Substitutes & 
Purchasing Blankets, &ca., for which he is to account. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Robert Dorsey, Esq'r, Paymaster, for the Sum 
of Four Thousand Pounds, to be applied in Paying the Militia of 
this State, for which he is to account. 

An order was drawn on Jacob S. Howell, in favor of Mr. Joshua 
Williams, for the Sum of Seven Hundred dollars, for the purpose 
of Paying Recruits inlisted by him to serve in the Pennsylvania 
line, for which Sum he is to account. 

The Petition of Stephen Jos. Rouget, praying to obtain " a War 
Commission for his Brigatine James, of the Burthen of Eighty 
Tons, mounting Ten Carriage Guns of Four Pounders & Eighteen 
Swivels, navigated by Eighty Men, now lying in this river, Com- 
manded by himself, was read, & Martin Jugiez offering himself as 
Surety, &ca.; thereupon, 

Ordered, That the said Commission be issued by the Secretary. 

The following orders were drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, 
Treasurer of the State, for riding Express, in favor of John Bird, 
for the Sum of Two Pounds Ten Shillings j in favor of Jonathan 
Grey, for the Sum of Two Pounds Five Shillings; in favor of 
Lesher, for the Sum of Two Pounds Five Shillings. 

Alexander Ramsey having had incouragement from the Council 
of Safety to raise a Company of Men for the Continental Army, 
and exerted himself in the attempt, but that he has only raided 
twelve Men, now prays that he may be indulged Six weeks longer 
to complete his Company, & in the mean time, that he will deliver 
over the twelve Men to some Continental officer in Service, who 
shall be accountable to Mr. Ramsey for them when demanded ; to 
which the Council agreed. 

Mr. Ramsey proposes Robert Brackenridge as Second Lieuten- 
ant. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 283 

The Council Met. 

Philad'a, Sunday Aug. 31, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Bailey, John Proctor, & > ™ , 

Jonathan Hoge, Joseph Hart. |5 

Mr. Rittenhouse, Colo. Bradford, Colo. Delany & Capt. Peel, 
attended, in consequence of an invitation from Council, and the 
resolutions of Congress of the Twenty-eighth instant was commu- 
nicated to them in confidence, & their assistance asked in forming 
out a List of persons dangerous to the State, & who ought to be 
arrested ; and also in forming a list of Gentlemen proper to be au- 
thorized to arrest such dangerous persons; and the several Gentle- 
men expressed the utmost readiness in complying with the request 
of Council, & the following resolution was thereupon made, Viz't : 

Whereas, the Congress of the Thirteen United States of North 
America have by their Resolves of the 21st inst., recommended to 
the Executive Powers of the several States to apprehend & secure 
all persons who have in their General conduct & conversation evi- 
denced a disposition inimical to the Cause of America, particularly 
Joshua Fisher, Abel James, Jas. Pemberton, Henry Drinker; Israel 
Pemberton, John Pemberton, John James, Sam'l Pleasants, Thos. 
Wharton, Sen'r, Thomas Fisher, (Son of Joshua,) & Sam'l Fisher 
(Son of Joshua,) together with all such papers in their possession 
as may be of a Political nature, and that the persons so seized be 
confined in such places, & treated in such manner as shall be con- 
sistant with their respective Characters, & the security of their Per- 
sons j and that the Records & Papers of the Meeting of Sufferings 
of the Society of People called Quakers, in the several States, be 
forthwith secured, & that such parts of them as may be of a politi- 
cal nature, be forthwith transmitted to Congress : 

And whereas, it is necessary for the Public safety of this time, 
when a British Army is landed in Maryland, with a professed de- 
sign of enslaveing this free Country, & is now advanceing towards 
this City, as a principal object of hostility, that such dangerous 
persons be accordingly secured ; therefore, 

Resolved, That a suitable number of the friends to the Public 
cause be authorized forthwith to seize & Secure the Persons of the 
said xJoshua Fisher, xAbel James, xJames Pemberton, xHenry 
Drinker, xlsrael Pemberton, John James, xSam'l Pleasant, xTho's 
Wharton, sen'r, xTho's Fisher & Sam'l Fisher, (both Sons of 
Joshua,) and also xMyers Fisher, Elijah Brown, xHugh Roberts,, 
xGeo. Roberts, Jos. Fox, xJohn Hunt, xSaml Emlen, jun v 



284 MINUTES OF THE 

xAdam Kuhn, D. M , xPhineas Bond, x Will'm Smith, D. D., 
xRev'd Tho's Combe, xSam'l Shoemaker, Cha's Jervis, Will'm 
Drewett Smith, Cha's Eddy, xTho's Pike, (Dancing Master,) xOwen 
Jones, jun'r, xJerem'h Warder, Will'm Lennott, xEdw'd Penning- 
ton, xCaleb Emlen, Will'm Smith, xSam'l Murdock, Alex'd 
Stedman, Cha's Stedman, jun'r, xTho's Ashelton Merch, Will'm 
Imlay, xTho's Gilpin, xSam'l Jackson, xTho's Afflick & xJohn 
Pemberton. 

Ordered, That the following instructions be also given : — Early 
attention should be given to John Hunt, who lives on the German- 
town Road, about five Miles off the City, & to John Pemberton, 
Sam'l Emlen & others, leaders in the Society of Quakers, concern- 
ing Books & Papers. As to the rest, your own prudence must direct. 
Congress recommend it, & we wish to treat Men of reputation with 
as much tenderness as the Security of their Persons & Papers will 
admit. We desire, therefore, that if the persons whose names in 
the list are marked with a Cross x thus, offer to you, by promise 
in writing, to remain in their Dwellings, ready to appear on the 
demand of Council, & meanwhile to refrain from doing any thing 
injurious to the United Free States of North America, by Speak- 
ing, Writing or otherwise, & from giving intelligence to the Com- 
mander in Chief of the British Forces, or any other Person what- 
ever, concerning public Affairs, you dismiss from further confine- 
ment of their Persons; but if such engagement, or a promise 
equivalent thereto, cannot be obtained, we desire that in such a 
case you confine the refusers, together with the others to whose 
names the said mark is not prefixed, in some convenient place 
under a Guard, with which the Town Major, Colo. Nichola, will 
supply you. The Free Masons' Lodge may be perhaps procured. 
It would serve as well as any other place for this purpose. You 
may perceive that Council would not without necessity commit many 
of the persons to the Common Goal, nor even to the State Prison. 

Lieut. Colo. Clarke, of Cumberland County, representing to 
Council by direction of Gen'l Armstrong, the unfurnished condi- 
tion of great numbers of the Militia of this State under the Com- 
mand of Gen'l Armstrong, in respect of warm Cloathing & Blank- 
ets, without a supply whereof the Men must in the approaching 
Season Suffer & Sicken ; The Council, to relieve in some measure 
those who are called out in the defence of their Country, & consid- 
ering the repeated collections of Blankets made in this City, & the 
impossibility of purchasing such goods from Traders at this time, 

Resolve, That Gen'l Armstrong employ proper persons to pur- 
chase Blankets of all persons disposed to sell, for the use of the 
Militia ; they also 

Resolve and authorize Gen'l Armstrong, if such purchases seem 
impracticable, to make as equal & moderate a levy of Blankets as 
circumstances will permit, upon the inhabitants of the County of 
Chester in this State, for the use of the Militia, confineing the same 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 285 

to persons who refuse to bear Arms or take an active part in the 
defence of their bleeding Country, now invaded by a cruel Enemy : 
And that Gen'l Armstrong do name & employ proper & discreet 
persons to levy & collect the same, first having the Blankets which 
may be taken from each person appraised, & a certificate of the 
numbers & value delivered to the Owner, and that a List of the 
names of persons levied on their townships, number of Blankets 
& the valuation, be sent in due time to this Board, so that satisfaction 
may be made to all concerned. And Council recommend to G-en'l 
Armstrong & his Officers, to keep accounts of the Blankets collect- 
ed & purchased as aforesaid, distributed to the Militia, in order that 
they may be transferred to succeeding Corps called into service. 

Signed by the Vice President. 

On motion, Agreed, That John Morris, jun'r, Esq'r, be & he's 
hereby appointed & authorized to appear at the next Court of 
Quarter Sessions of the Peace for the County of Philadelphia, 
there to prosecute in the name of the Commonwealth of Pennsyl- 
vania. 

James Tilghman, Esq'r, having applied to Council & expressed 
a desire to visit his family in Maryland ; thereupon, 

Agreed, That Jas. Tilghman, Esq'r, be permitted, under the 
Parole lately signed t by him, to visit his family in Maryland, to re- 
turn in one Month, or sooner if called for. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Monday Septem. 1, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Bailey, John Proctor, & ) -p » 

Jonathan Hoge, Joseph Hart, ]" s( l rs " 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Peter Dehaven, for the Sum of five hundred 
Pounds, for which he is to account. 

An order was drawn on Dav'cJ Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Jacob S. Howell, for the Sum of One Thou- 
sand & Five hundred Pounds, for which he is to account. 

An order was drawn on Jacob S. Howell, for the Sum of One 
Thousand & Five Hundred Pounds, in favor of Jas. Dundas, for 
which he is to account. 

Mr. John Reed represented to the Council that the Banks of 
Fort Island wanted some repair : 



286 MINUTES OF THE 

Ordered, That it be recommended to the Navy Board to view 
the Banks of Fort Island, & order the necessary repairs to be made 
therein. 

The Gentlemen of the Navy Board having some time ago repre- 
sented the advantages & necessity of having a Floodgate at Fort 
Island, made so as to admit the Guard Boats, &ca, in the Winter ; 
thereupon, 4 

Ordered, That the Navy Board do make such a Flood Gate as 
will answer the aforesaid purpose. 

Resolved, That the following persons be appointed and authorized 
to carry into execution the Resolves of Yesterday, respecting the 
Arresting such persons as are deemed inimical to the cause of 
American Liberty, Vizt : Will'm Bradford, Sharp Delany, James 
Claypoole, Wm. Hsysham, John Purviance, Jos. Blewer, Paul 
Cox, Adim Kimmel, Will'm Graham, Wm. Hardy, Cha's W. 
Peale, Capt. M. Culloch, Nath. Donnel, Rob't Smith, Wm. Car- 
son, Lazarus Pine, Capt. Birney, John Downey, John Galloway, 
Wm. Thorpe, John Lisle, James Loughead, James Cannon, Jas. 
Carr, Tho's Bradford, together with such other persons as they 
shall call to their assistance. 

Note. — That the foregoing Resolution (with those before relating 
to this Business) was signed by the Hpn'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, 
Vice President. 

Resolved, That Colo. Nicola, the Town Mayor, do furnish Colo. 
Bradford, on application, with a detachment of the City 
Guards. 

The Justices of the County of Chester having recommended 
Caleb Davis, Wm. Blair, & Rich'd Thomas, in order that one of 
them may be Commissioned as Clerk of the Peace of the said 
County ; and Council taking in consideration the same, 

Resolved, That Caleb Davis, Esq'r, be appointed Clerk of the 
Peace for the County of Chester. 



The Council met. 



Philad'a, Tuesday Septem. 2, 1777 



present : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 

Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Jonathan Hoge, Johu Proctor, &? t? Q * r , 

John Bailey, Joseph Hart, $ ^ 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favour of Bob't Smith, Esq'r, Lieut, of the County 
of Chester, for the Sum of Three thousand Dollars, for the pur- 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 287 

pose of Paying Substitutes & purchasing Blankets, &ca., for which 
he is to account. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Tho's Dorsey, Esq'r, Paymaster of the Militia 
of the County of Philadelphia, for the Sum of Three thousand 
Pounds, for which he is to account. 

Ludwig Hautman, a Militia Man from Westmoreland County, 
who was badly wounded at Woodbridge, in New Jersey, last 
February, and now on his way home in a very weak State, solicited 
some assistance to enable him to reach it ; on consideration of his 
peculiar circumstance, 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of the said Ludwig Hautman, for the Sum of 
Six pounds, to be charged to the State. 

Colo. Bradford, Paul Cox, & Capt. Blewer, informed the Council 
that among a number of other persons mentioned in the Warrant 
of Council of the 31st Ult'o, Alex'd. Stedman, Chas. Stednian, jun'r, 
& Dav'd Lenox, were apprehended & confined at the Free Masons' 
lodge; on consideration, 

Ordered, That the said Alex'd. Stedman, Chas. Stedman, jun'r, 
& Dav'd Lenox, be committed to the State Prison. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Wednesday Septem. 3, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President.. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r., Vice President. 

John Bailey, John Proctor, & 7 ™ , 

Jonathan Hoge, Joseph Hart, j ^ rs ' 

An order was drawn on David Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Joseph Blewer, Esq'r, Chairman of the State 
Navy Board, for the Sum of Four thousand Pounds, for which that 
Board is to account. 

John Reed applied to Council for permission to pass into the 
Delaware State, (near Cantweli's Bridge,) which Council have no 
objection to, provided that Gen'l Washington has not ordered the 
Communication with that Country to be cut off. 

Jacob Morgan, Esq'r, Councellor for the County of Berks, ap- 
pear'd, took the Oath required by the Constitution of the Com- 
monwealth to qualify him to sit in Council, & took his seat 
accordingly. 

The Gentlemen appointed & authorized to arrest the persona 
hereafter named, &ca, made the following report, Yiz : 



288 MINUTES OF THE 

"Joshua Fisher was so ill that he could not be moved, but gave 
his verbal Promise as far as required by our instructions ; no Papers 
on Public affairs. 

$ Abel James, His Son being very ill, & no papers of public 
nature, we allowed him to remain on his Plantation, on his promis- 
ing (verbally) to appear on demand of the President, & not in any 
manner to speak, Write, or give any Intelligence to the Enemies 
of the United free States of America. 

"James Pemberton, Prisoner, no papers found of a Public 
nature. 

" Israel Pemberton. 

"Henry Drinker, Prisoner, a number of Papers found of a Pub- 
lic nature, belonging to the Monthly meetiDg. 

"John Pemberton, Prisoner, a number of Papers in a brown 
Bag. 

" John James, not to be found, being in the Country. 

" Sam'l Pleasants. 

"Tho's Wharton, Sen'r, Prisoner, no papers. 

" Tho's Fisher, (Son of Joshua) Prisoner, no papers. 

" Samuel Fisher, (Son of Joshua) Prisoner, no papers. 

" Myers Fisher, Prisoner, no papers. 

" Elijah Brown. 

" Hugh Roberts, 70 years or upwards, says that he has never in 
any manner Spoke, or in any ways shewn himself inimical to the 
Liberties and independence of America since the commence'nt of 
the disputes; We have his verbal word, agreeable to our instruc- 
tions, & we are to wait on him at 2 O'Clock this Afternoon; we 
found no papers. 

" Geo. Roberts, his Wife very big, & otherwise ill, He has passed 
his word as above, & appears at the same hour with his Father, & 
we beg the directions of His Excellency & Council. 

"Jos. Fox, Prisoners, no papers. 

"John Hunt, Prisoner, some papers. 

"Sam'l Emlen, jun'r, confined to his Bed; we broke open his 
Desk, but found no papers of a public nature. 

"Adam Kuhn, D. M., produced the Certificate of his having 
taken the Oath to the United States 2d June, is to be forth coming 
at 1 O'Clock today. 

"Phineas Bond on Parole, no Papers. 

" Will'm Smith, D. D. 

" Rev'd Tho's Combe, Prisoner, no papers. 

" Sam'l Shoemaker has given his Promise not to go from his 
House; that he has never had any thing to do in the meetings of 
Sufferings, & has disapproved of the proceedings signed by 
Pemberton 

"Chas. Jervis, Prisoner, no papers. 

" Will'm Drewit Smith, Prisoner, no papers. 

" Pike, Dancing master, on Parole, no papers. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 289 

"Owen Jones, jun'r, Prisoner, no papers. 

"Will'm Lenox, jun'r, Prisoner, had a Pocket Book & soms 
papers, 

6 <Edw'd Pennington, Prisoner, some papers. 

" Jerem'h Warder, aged & very infirm, having an inflamation, haa 
given his verbal Parole, agreeable to our instruction; we found 
some Papers. 

" Caleb Emlen, not to be found. 

" WilPm Smith, (Broker) Prisoner, his Chamber is locked up for 
the inspection of his Papers, & the Key in the possession of Cap*, 
Smith. 

" Chas. Eddy, Prisoner, no papers. 

" Sam'l Murdock, on Parole, no papers. 

''Alx'd Stedman, Prisoner. 

u Cha's Stedman, jun'r, Prisoner. 

"Tho's Asheton, (Merchant,) on Parole. 

" Wm. Imlay, Prisoner, no papers. 

" Thomas Gilpin, Prisoner, no papers. 

" Sam'l Jackson, out of Town, no search has been made for Pa- 
pers as yet. 

"Tho's Afflick, Prisoner, no papers. 

" N. B. Caleb Emlen, on being arrested, took the Oath required 
by Law, & was thereupon discharged." 

Colo- Bradford, Colo. Will. Major Keer, & Mr. Loughead, 
reported That they had Arrested Israel Pemberton, John Hunt, & 
Sam'l Pleasants, but that they all refused to go from the house of 
the said Pemberton's, where they now are, unless they were arrested 
by some Civil Officer; thereupon, 

Ordered j That Colo. Nicola, Town Mayor, do take a proper 
Guard & seize Israel Pemberton, John Hunt, & Sam. Pleasants, & 
conduct them to the Free Mason's Lodge, & there confine them un- 
der Guard until further Orders. 

And Phineas Bond, Esq'r, having by Letter declared his renun- 
ciation of the Parole he has signed ; thereupon, 

Ordered, That Colo. Nichola do also seize <fc confine him in like 
manner, until further orders. 



VOL. XI.— 1ft- 



290 MINUTES OF THE 

The Council met. 

Philad'a, Thursday Septem. 4, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq' r, President, 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Bailey, Joseph Hart, &") 

Jonathan Hoge, Jacob Morgan, v Esq'rs. 

John Proctor, j 

The Gentlemen of the Navy Board represented the necessity of 
some person or persons having a more immediate care of" the Hospi- 
tal on the Province Island ; on consideration, 

Ordered, That the Hospital on Province Island be put under 
the care & direction of the Navy Board. 

Israel Pemberton, John Hunt, & Sam'l Pleasants, attended by 
Mr. Lewis and Mr. Robeson, (Attorneys,) & also by Sam'l Rhoads, 
jun'r, sent in by the Secretary a request to be heard by the Coun- 
cil; To which the Council, by the Secretary, answered That the 
Arrest has been made by order of Congress, & that at present the 
Council decline hearing them. That the Secretary returned & ia- 
formed Council that Mr. Pemberton, on behalf of himself, M'rs 
Hunt & Pleasants, observed, no Arrest had been made by the Town 
Mayor, & that one of them had not been seen or spoken to by him. 
That as Freemen they claimed the right of being heard in their de- 
fence before the Council. That nothing on their part should be 
gaid but what was decent & proper. That theirs is a case in which 
every Freeman in the State is interested, and that this right of be- 
jng heard they demanded & insisted on. 

To which the Council, by the Secretary, answered, That " Council 
has ordered this Arrest in cousequence of a recommendation of 
Congress, & they do not at present think proper to hear Mr. Pem- 
berton, Mr. Hunt, & Mr. Pleasants. " 

A Remonstrance from the aforesaid was presented & read. 

An order was Drawn on Dav'd Ritteuhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Will'm Crispin, Esq'r, for the sum of Four 
thousand Pounds, for which he is to account. 

Colo. Nicola reports, That he has executed the orders of yester- 
day, & had conducted Israel Pemberton, John Hunt, Sam'l Plea- 
sants, & Phiueas Bond, to the Free Masons' Lodge, & secured them 
jnder Guard. 

Ordered, That the Prisoners now confined in the Freemasons' 
Lodge, be sent to Stanton, iu Augusta County, in the State of Vir- 
ginia, agreeable to the Resolve of Congress, there to be secured & 
treated in such manuer as shall be eonsistaut with their respective 
Characters & the security of their persons. 



SUPKEME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 291 

Ordered, That Jared Ingersoll, Esq'r, be directed immediately 
io depart to the State of Connecticut, in conformity to his Pa- 
role. 

Ordered, That Thirty Waggons be sent from the upper part of 
Bucks County; Forty from the County of Philadelphia ; Thirty 
from the County of Northampton, & Twenty-five from the County 
of Lancaster, to rendezvous at Philadelphia, & to be subject to the 
orders of the Council. 

N. B. The Twenty-five from Lancaster Ordered to be sent to 
Camp. 

Ordered, That the Lieutenants of the respective Counties do 
furnish proper guards of Militia for Prisoners, whether Tories or 
others, when application shall be made to them for such purposes. 

Resolved, That Tho's Ashleton, now a Prisoner at his own 
House, on Parole, be indulged with liberty of going at large within 
the bounds of the City. 

Resolved, That the Militia of this State who are now in the 
Field, or who shall hereafter go into the Field & take with them 
their Arms or Blankets, & the same be taken by the Enemy or 
otherwise, be unavoidably lost, on producing a Certificate of such 
Lops, & the time it shall have happened, signed by a Field Officer, 
or Commanding Officer of the Battalion to which the losers may at 
the time belong, shall have the value thereof paid by the State ; 
and for this end the respective Colonels or Commanding Officers of 
the Battalions now in the Field, are hereby authorized to have all 
such Arms & Blankets justly appraised; And the Lieutenants or 
Sub-Lieutenants of the respective Counties, are hereby directed to 
appoint a suitable number of proper persons in each County, to 
appraise the Arms & Blankets belonging to the Militia who may 
hereafter go into the Field. 



The Council met. 

Phxlad'a, Friday Septem'r 5, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHAKTON, Jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon^ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Bailey, Joseph Hart, & ") 

Jonathan Hoge, Jacob Morgan, C Esq'rs, 

John Proctor, J 

Ordered, That Will'm Lenox, Esq'r, now confined in G-oal, be 
enlarged, on James Craig engaging his Word & honor to see him 
forthcoming, when called for by Council, & be answerable for the 
good behaviour, in the mean time, of the said Wm, Lenox, 



202 MINUTES OF THE" 

The Secretary reports that James Craig had pledged Ms H(Wj. 
/or the good behaviour of the said WilFrn Lenox, & that he shall 
he forthcoming when called upon : and also that he will in form 
enter into Bonds for bis good behayiour. 

The President laid before the Council a Remonstrance delivered! 
to him last Evening, by John Reynell, James Craig, & Owen Jones, 
signed by the Gentlemen confined in the Masons' Lodge, which was 
read ; and thereupon, 

Ordered, That the said remonstrance be laid before Congress, <fc 
that application be made to Congress to know whether they had 
v.ny objections to such of the aforesaid Gentlemen as shouM now 
fake an Oath or Affirmation of allegiance to this State being en~ 
krged y to which Congress return the following Resolve, Viz 7 t. : 

"In Congress, September 5,- 1777. 

bi Resdveiy That the Supreme Executive Coismcil be informed' 
that Congress have no objection to the enlargement of such Persons 
mow confined in the Lodge, as will swear or affirm allegiance to tbb 
Stated 

^Extract from the Minutes. 

"CHA'S THOMPSON, Se^y."' 

Thereupon,. 

fiesoived, That susa of the Persons now conSned in 'the Lodge 
as shall take & Subscribe the Oath or Affirmation of Allegiance re- 
quired by Law in this Commonwealth,, or that shall take k> Sub- 
scribe the following Oath or Affirmation, to wit? "I do Swear 
(or affirm) that I will be faithful & bear true allegiance to the 
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, as a free & independent State/ y 
shall be thereupon discharged. 

An order was drawn on Dav r d Rittenhouse, Es^'r, Treasurer of 
the Stats, in favor of the Hon'ole George Bryan, Esc/r, for the 
Sum of Two Hundred & Fifty Pounds, for Six Months' Service as- 
Vice President : Ordered, That the Secretary write to Colo, 
Bradford & request him to communicate the last mentioned Ke- 
solve to the Gentlemen confined in the Lodge, 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL, W& 

3 Council Met., 

Pkilad'a, Saturday Septem'r 6, 1777 

PRESENT : 

His Ewsell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble Gegrge Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Bailey, Joseph Hart, & 1 

Jonathan Hoge, k Jacob Morgan, V Esqfrs. 

John Proctor, j 

An order was drawn on Bav'<i Kiittenhouse, Treasurer of tbe 
State, in favor of Ja's Worrell, Evan Evans, & Rob't Allison, for 
the Sum of One hundred k forty -eight Pounds Seventeen Shillings 
& Six Pence, for taking down the Spouts, &ca, to be charged to 
account of Congress. 

Congress by tkeir Resolve of the fourth ins'fc, having recom- 
mended this Council to give orders that all the Militia of this State 
hold themselves in readiness to march at a Moment's warning, & 
that they see that their Arms be put in as good condition as possi- 
ble, k that the Council call out five thousand Militia from the City 
& County of Philadelphia, &, the Counties most adjacent, <&ca. 
On consideration, 

Ordered, That one Class of the Militia, in addition to those al- 
ready in Service, be ordered into Service from the City of Philadel- 
phia, & the Counties of Philadelphia, Chester, York, Cumberland, 
«& Northumberland. 

Ordered, That on the present emergency, when the Enemies* 
Army endeavouring to penetrate to this City, may be aided by a 
.Fleet in the Delaware, the actual Command of the Naval force be 
committed to John Haslewood, Esq 9 r, as Commodore in this Depart- 
ment, on account of the Age k infirmities of Tho's Seymour, Esq'r, 
his superior OJBeer, as it is manifest to Council that Commodore 
Seymour, in the present State of his Health, cannot be capable of 
of that vigour & activity which are essential to the service at this 
time of danger, in whiek the most strenuous efforts of the stoutest 
will be necessary. 

A resolve of Congress of this date, recommending to this Coun- 
cil to hear what Israel Pemberton, k divers others therein named, 
can alledge to remove the suspicion of their being disaffected or 
-dangerous to the United States, being read k considered, 

Resolved, That the President do write to Congress & let them 
know that the Council has not time to attend to that business, in 
the present alarming crisis, k that they were, agreeably to the re- 
commendation of Congress, at the moment the said Resolve was 
brought into Council, disposing of every thing for the departure of 
the Prisoners- 



294 MINUTES OF TEE 

The Council met. 



Philad'a, Sunday Septem. 7, 17 77. 



present : 
f" His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Bailey, Joseph Hart, & 

Jona'n Hoge, Jacob Morgai 

John Proctor, 

And completed the Business relating to the calling of the Militia 
ordered out yesterday. 



as, VEsq'rs. 



The Council Met. 

Philab'a, Monday Septem. 8, 1777. 

present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, Jun'r,. Esq'r, President. 

Hon'ble George Brya>7, Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Bailey, Joseph Hart, &^j 

Jonathan Hoge, Jacob Morgan, vEsq'rs. 

John Proctor, y 

The Council being informed that there is great uncertainty of a 
.supply of Wood for the Salt Works now erecting in New Jersey ; 
thereupon, 

Ordered, That the Hon'ble John Coxe, Esq'r, be requested and 
authorised to purchase a Tract of Wood Land, in the neighbourhood 
of the Salt Works in New Jersey, belonging to this State, on the 
best terms it can be obtained, for the use of the said works. 

Jonathan Mifflin, Esq r, D. Q. M. G., having applied to Coun- 
cil by Letter for a number of Waggons, & there appearing to be a 
necessity of a considerable number for various purposes ; there- 
upon, 

Resolved, That one hundred Waggons be ordered to be sent in 
from Berks County, & one hundred Waggons from the County of 
Lan caster. 

A Remonstrance from the people confined in the Mason's lodge, 
was presented by the Secretary, & read; thereupon, the Secretary 
was ordered to acquaint Doct. Hutchinson, one of the Gentlemen 
who delivered the said Remonstrance to him,, that Council had re- 
ferred their case to Congress. 

Resolvedy That John Morris, jun'r, Esq'r, be appointed and au- 
thorized to appear at the next Court of Quarter Sessions of the' 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 395 

Peace, for the County of Bucks, there to Prosecute in behalf of 
this Commonwealth. 

Congress, by their resolve of this day, having recommended to 
Council to discharge Will'm Imlay, now a Prisoner, on his Parole, 
that he will forthwith repair to Kingston, in the State of New York, 
& take the Oath of Allegiance to the said State, of which he is a 
citizen ; thereupon, 

Resolved, That the Council do agree to the discharge of the said 
William Imlay accordingly. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Tuesday Septem. 9, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Yice President. 

John Bailey, Joseph Hart, &") • 

John Proctor, Jacob Morgan. !■ Esq'rs. 

Jonathan Hoge, J 

The Secretary reports, that he waited on Will'm Imlay, and gave 
to him the Resolve of yesterday, but that he had not Signed the 
Parole offered him by the recommendation of Congress. 

Colo. Will'm Bradford now attended the Council & reported, 
That he had on Friday Evening last, waited on the Prisoners now 
confined at the Masons' Lodge, & shewn to them the Certified Copy 
of the Resolve of Council relating to them of the 5th inst, and had 
given them a Copy thereof, but that the Prisoners had given him. 
no reason to expect a compliance with the terms proposed them. 
The following Resolve of Congress was read, to Wit: 

" In Congress, Septem. 8, 1777. 

" Resolved, That it would be improper for Congress to enter into 
any hearing of the Remonstrants or other Prisoners in the Masons' 
lodge, they being inhabitants of Pennsylvania, and therefore, as 
the Council decline giving them a hearing, for the reasons assigned 
in their Letters to Congress, that it be recommended to said 
Council, to order the immediate departure of such of the said Pri- 
soners as yet refuse to swear or affirm allegiance to the State of 
Pennsylvania, to Stanton in Virginia. 

" Extract from the Minutes, 

"CHARLES THOMPSON, Sec'y." 

On consideration, 

Resolved, That James Pemberton, Henry Drinker, Israel Pem- 
berton, John Pemberton, Sam'l Pleasants, Tho's Wharton, Sen., 



296 MINUTES OF THE 

Tho's Fisher, (Son of Joshua,) Sam'l Fisher, (Son of Joshua,) 
Myers Fisher, 10 Elijah Brown, 11 John Hunt, 12 Phineas Bond, 
13 Rev'd Tho's Coombe, 14 Cha's Jarvis, 15 Will'm Drewitt Smith, 
16 Cha's Eddy, 17 Tho's Pike, 18 Owen Jones, iun'r, 19 Edw'd 
Pennington, 20 Will'm Smith, Broker, 21 Tho's Gilpin, 22 Tho's 
Afflick, apprehended by Council as persons who have uniformly 
manifested by their general conduct & conversation a Disposition 
highly inimical to the cause of America, imprisoned in the Free 
Masons' lodge in this City, they refusing to confine themselves to 
their several dwellings, <& thereby making the restraint of their 
persons in another manner necessary, & having refused to promise 
to refrain from corresponding with the Enemy, & also declined 
giving any Assurance of Allegiance to this State, as of right they 
ought, do thereby renounce all the priviledges of Citizenship, & 
that it appears they consider themselves as subjects of the King of 
Great Britain, the Enemy of this, & the other United States of 
America, & that they ought to be proceeded with accordingly. 

Resolved, That persons of like Character, & in emergencies equal 
to the present, when the Enemy is at our Door, have in the other 
States been Arrested & Secured upon suspicions arising from their 
general behaviour & refusal to acknowledge their Allegiance to 
the State of which they were the proper Subjects ; and that such 
proceedings may be abundantly justified by the conduct of the 
freest Nations & the authority of most judicious Civilians; there- 
fore, -» 

Resolved, That the persons whose names are mentioned above, 
be without further delay removed to Stanton, in Virginia, there to 
be treated according to their Characters & Stations, as far as may 
be consistent with the securing of their persons. 

Also Resolved, That Will'm Imlay, said to be a Subject of the 
State of New York, having behaved in like manner as the persons 
above mentioned, & in particular declined to give Assurance of 
Allegiance to the State of New York, be removed and secured with 
the rest. 

Ordered, That Colo. Nicola, Town Mayor, secure the Prisoners 
above named in the Masons' lodge, & assist in removing them out 
of the<»City. 

The representation of the Corporation of the rector, Church 
Wardens & Vestrymen of the United Episcopal Churches of Christ 
Church & St. Peter's Church, in the City of Philadelphia, in the 
Province of Pennsylvania, was read. 

Will'm Imlay now solicited by the Secretary, that he may be 
permitted to sign a Parole agreeable to the Kesolve of Congress, 
& that he be enlarged thereupon ; and the Secretary reports that 
he has signed the Parole accordingly. 

Sam'l Murdoch having petitioned to be enlarged from his present 
confinement, & be allowed the bounds of the City in order to take 
care of his private affairs ; thereupon, 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 297 

Ordered, That Sam'l Murdoch be enlarged from his present 
confinement in his House, & allowed the bounds of the City, in 
order that he may take care of his private Affairs. 

Several Accounts of Provisions furnished by George Henry & 
James Wilkins to the Westmoreland Militia, being laid before 
Council, 

Ordered, That the same be examined by Mr. Howell, & paid if 
found right, a 2s 6 <$ Ration. 

Resolved, That William Scott be appointed paymaster of the 
Militia of the County of Bucks. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Wednesday Septem. 10, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S. WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 



Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Bailey, Joseph Hart, & 

Jonathan Hoge, Jacob Morgan, [- Esq'rs. 

John Proctor, 



■■} 



An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Jac. S. Howell, for the Sum of One Thousand 
Pounds, for which he is to account. 

An order was drawn on Rob't Towers, Esq'r, Commissary of 
Stores, in favor of Colo. Lochry, Lieutenant of the County of West- 
moreland, for Three hundred weight of Gunpowder & Eight hun- 
dred weight of Lead. t 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Colo. Archibald Lochry, Lieutenant of the 
County of Westmoreland, for the Sum of One thousand and five 
hundred Pounds, for the purpose of purchasing riffled barrel Guns, 
for the use of the Militia of the said County, and for hiring substi- 
tutes, for which he is to account. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of James Carter, for the Sum of Five hundred 
Pounds, to Pay Workmen for repairing Arms, &c, & for which he 
is to account. 

Resolved, That Will'm Fullerton, Warwick Coats, Rateliffe 
Albertson, in the South part of the City & Suburbs, & that Jacob 
Miller, Sam Brewster & Israel Castle, in the North part of the City 
& suburbs, be appointed to collect & detain all the boats, fiats, 
Canoes & Batteaus & other embarkations whatever, in the Dela- 
ware near this City, provided that no hindrance be given to the 
Temoval of families by Water in Shallops or other Craft, that leave 
Town & proceed to & distaee ? or to Ferries. 



298 MINUTES OF THE 

That the Continental Board of War be reminded of the great 
number of Prisoners of War now in the New Goal. 

Resolved, That Major Casdrop be directed to attend with a Ser- 
geant's Guard, at the Bridge over Schuylkill, in order to remove it 
when ordered by this Board or the Commanding officer, and that 
he remove the Boats from the West Side of Schuylkill. 

Resolved, That no person be suffered to go over the West side 
of Schuylkill, unless they produce a pass signed by Benj'n Paschall, 
Esq'r, orW'ra Heysham, or unless they produe a Certificate of their 
having taken and Subscribed an Oath or Affirmation of Allegiance 
to this, or the United States of America, but persons bringing pro- 
visions to Market are to be permitted to pass & re-pass without 
interruption. 

Resolved, That the Gentlemen of the Light Horse of this City, 
except two who are to attend the prisoners now at the Lodge to 
Reading, on their March to Staunton, in Augusta County, in the 
State of Virginia, do proceed immediately to Camp on a Tour of 
duty, & that the said two Gentlemen join the Corps after they have 
discharged the said duty, .as soon as possible. 

Intelligence having; been received of the Enemies' motion towards 
the Citv, the following Proclamation having been read & proposed 
to be published, Vizt. : 

"Philad'a, Septem. 10, 1777. 

" By the Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of 
Pennsylvania. 

"A PROCLAMATION: 

" The time is at length come in which the fate of ourselves, our 
Wives, Children, & Posterity must be speedily determined; Gen'l 
Howe, at the head of a British Army, the only hope, the last resource 
of our Enemies' has invaded this State, dismissing his ships & disen- 
cumbering himself of his heavy Artillery & baggage, he appears to 
have risked all upon the event of a movement which must either de- 
liver up to plunder & devastation, this Capital of Pennsylvania & 
of America, or forever blast the cruel designs of our implacable 
foes. Blessed be God, Providence seems to have left it to ourselves 
to determine, whether we shall triumph in victory k rest in free- 
dom and peace, or by tamely submitting, or weakly resisting, deliver 
ourselves up a prey to an enemy, than whom none more cruel & 
perfidious was ever suffered to vex & destroy any people. View 
then on the other hand, the freedom & independence, the glory & 
the happiness of our rising States, which are set before us as the 
reward of our courage. Seriously consider on the other hand, the 
wanton ravages, the Rapes, the Butcheries, which have been per- 
petrated by these men in the State of New Jersey, & on the froa- 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 299 

tiers of New York ; above all consider the mournful prospect of 
seeing Americans like the wretched inhabitants of India, stripped of 
their freedom, robbed of their property, degraded beneath the 
brutes, & left to starve amid plenty, at the will of their lordly 
Masters, and let us determine once for all, that we will Die or be 
Free. 

"The foe are manifestly aiming either by force to conquer, or by 
Stratagem & Stolen marches to elude the vigilence of our brave 
Commander; Declining a battle with our Countrymen, they have 
attempted to steal upon us by surprise. They have been hitherto 
defeated, but numbers are absolutely necessary to watch them on 
every Quarter at once 

" The neighbouring States are hurrying forward their Militia, 
& we hope by rising as one Man, & besetting the foe at a distance 
from his Fleet, we shall speedily inclose him like a Lion in the 
toils. 

The Council therefore most humbly beseech and intreat all Per- 
sons whatsoever, to exert themselves without delay, to seize this 
present opportunity of crushing the foe, now in the bowels of our 
Country, by marching forth instantly under their respctive officers, 
to the assistance of our great General, that he may be enabled to 
environ & demolish the only British army that remains formidable 
in America, or in the World. Animated with the hope that Heaven, 
as before it has done in all times of difficulty & danger, will again 
crown our righteous efforts with success, we look forward to the 
prospect of seeing our insulting foe cut off from all means of escape, 
& by the goodness of the Almighty, the Lord of Hosts & God of 
Battles, wholly delivered into our hands. 

" Attest, THO'S WHARTON, jun'r Presid't. 

" Timothy Matlack, Secretary. 

"GOD SAVE THE PEOPLE." 

Resolved, That the foregoing Proclamation be published. 

Resolved, That the Lieutenant of the City be ordered to Call out 
all the well affected Militia of this State, to meet on the Commons, 
near the centre House, to-morrow Morning at 10 0' Clock, with their 
Arms, Accoutrements, Muskets & intrenching tools, of all kinds. 

Colo. Nichola, Town Major, representing that he could not pro- 
cure the horses necessary for the Guards ordered to escort the- 
prisoners from the Masons' lodge towards Reading, 

A Warrant to impress Six Horses with Saddles was issued, direc- 
ted to him. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer, in favor of Mr. Alexa. 
Nesbitt & Sam'l Caldwell, Gentlemen of the Light Horse, ordered 
to escort the Prisoners on their way to Augusta, for the Sum of 
One hundred Pounds, to pay their Expenses, as far as the present 
escort may go, & for which they are to account. 



300 MINUTES OF THE 

Resolved, That the fifth & Sixth Classes of the Militia of this 
City, & the Townships & district annexed, be immediately ordered 
out. 

The Rev'd Tho's Coombe having by the Rev'd Mr. White and 
Colo. Cadwallader, requested to be permitted to go to Virginia 
under Parole, & from thence to the Island of St. Eustatia, on con- 
sideration, 

Resolved, That he be enlarged on Parole accordingly. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of the Hon'ble Jacob Morgan, Esq'r, for the 
Sum of Five hundred Pounds, to be charged to Jacob Morgan, 
Esq'r, Lieutenant of the County of Berks, for which he is to ac- 
count. 

Mr. Morgan represented to Council that divers of the People of 
the County of Berks were desirous of having Tho's Parry appoint- 
ed one of the Justices of the Peace of the said county ; there- 
upon, 

Resolved, That Thomas Parry be appointed one of the Justices 
of the Peace of the County of Berks. 

Phineas Bond, Esq'r, by Doctor Tho's Bond, & requested to be 
permitted to go to Virginia under Parole & from thence to the 
West Indies j on consideration, 

Resolved, That he be enlarged on Parole Accordingly. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Thursday Septem. 11, 1777 

PRESENT I 

His Excell'y THOS. WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President- 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Bailey, Joseph Hart, & ^ 

Jonathan Hoge, Jacob Morgan. 5-Esq'rs. 

John Proctor, ) 

An order was given to Mr. Savage on Mr. Crispin for four Bar- 
cells of Salt Provisions. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
•the State, in favor of Bartram Galbraith, Esq'r, Lieutenant of 
Lancaeter county, for the Sum of Three thousand Pounds, for 
which he is to account. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Tho's Dorsey, Paymaster for the Militia of 
the County of Philadelphia, for the Sum of Three thousand Pounds, 
for tfhieh he is to account. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 301 

An order was drawn on Mr. Towers, in favour of Bartram Gal- 
braith, Esq'r, for One thousand Musquet Cartridges, One hundred 
Founds of Powder & Two hundred & fifty pounds of Lead. 

The two Armies being now engaged, & the event doubtful, 

Ordered, That all Shops & Stores be immediately Shut up, ex- 
cept those only where workmen are employed in making or 
repairing the Public Arms, & that every Man capable of bearing 
arms, or repairing Arms repair to his Captains' Quarters at Two 
O'Clock this Afternoon. 

The Commissioned Officers are hereby Commanded to exert 
themselves in the execution of this Order, & order that the Drums 
beat to Arms immediately. 

Ordered, That Colo. Heister, Colo. Corsey, Colo. Antis, & Colo, 
Bean's respective Battalions, do immediately rendezvous at the 
Sweed's Ford, & that Colo. Moore, Colo, McVeaugh, rendezvous at 
the Falls of Schuylkill, & Colo. Warner's at Derby. 

Ordered, That the issuing Commissary supply Provisions to the 
Militia at the Sweed's Ford, Schuylkill Falls, & Derby . 

As the Enemy is near at hand & this minute engaging our Army 
under the Command of his ExcelPy Gen'l Washington, 

Ordered, That every able bodied man in the County of Bucks ; 
turn out with his Arms, accoutrements & blankets, & that those 
who cannot furnish themselves with Arms to take with them Axes, 
spades, & every other kind of entrenching Tools, & that Colonel 
Roberts, Erwin, & Killer, rendezvous at the Sweed's Ford, and that 
Colo's Toomb & McElwaine rendezvous at this City. 

An or4er was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favour of Colo. Melchior, for the Sum of Five hun- 
dred & thirty-eight Pounds, Two Shillings & Seven Pence, ballance 
of his Account, to the Twentieth of August, as settled by Caleb 
David, Will'm Thorne & Philip Marstiller, a committee of Con- 
gress. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favour of Jacob S. Howell, for the Sum of Five hun- 
dred Pounds, for which he is to account. /: 

The Petition of Thomas Robison, praying to be appointed Pro- 
thonatary of the County of Northumberland, and also the Petition 
of Cap't David Harris, praying to be appointed Prothonatary of the 
said County, were Read. On consideration, 

Resolved, That Cap't Dav'd Harris be appointed Prothonatary 
of the County of Northumberland, & was Commissioned accord- 
ingly. 

A Warrant was granted to Joseph Watkins to impress Twenty 
Horses for the Artillery. 

On consideration of the returns of Justices Elected for the 
County of Bedford, and a recommendation by upwards of twenty 
Freeholders of Robert Galbraith, for the said Office, 



302 MINUTES OF THE 

Resolved, That James Mastin, 2d Will'm Parker, 3d Joshua 
Milott, 4th Martin Longstreath, 5th Tho's Paxton, 6th Robert 
Scott, 7th Robert Galbraith, be appointed Justices of the Peace 
for the said County of Bedford. 

Ordered, That a Dedinius Potestatum be made out Authorizing 
<fe empowering Robert Galbraith, Esq'r, James Martin, & Thomas 
Urie, Esq'rs, to Administer the Oaths required by the Constitution 
& laws of this Commonwealth, to Qualify the aforesaid Magistrates 
& the other Civil Officers appointed or to be appointed in the said 
County of Bedford. 

Ordered, That the Officers commanding the Militia of the 
County of Bucks, now at the Barracks, do immediately send a 
guard of Four Men to Robin Hood Ford, over the Schuylkill, four 
Men to the upper Ferry, Four Men to the Bridge, & four Men to 
Gray's Ferry, to take care of the Artillery placed at those places. 



The Council Met. 

Piiilad'a, Friday Septem. 12, 1777. 

present: 
His Exccll'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President, 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Bailey, Joseph Hart, &~\ 

Jonathan Hoge, Jacob Morgan, y Escp's. 

John Proctor, ) 

A Warrant to Peter Dehaven to impress Waggons to carry of 
Gunpowder & Stores from French Creek, & to raise a guard in con- 
junction with the Justice's Warrant issued to Rob't Towers, Com- 
missary of Stores, to press Waggons in Radnor to remove Lead. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the Stat£, in favor of Will'm Henry, Esq'r, for the Sum of Three 
Thousand Pounds, for which he is to account. 

Ordered, That the Justices of the County of Chester immedi- 
ately send in as many Waggons as can be procured, and that Colo. 
Will'm Evans be employed in the County of Chester, & that a 
Press Warrant be given him accordingly. 

Ordered, That the Bucks County Militia be employed as a guard 
to conduct the British Prisoners to Reading, & such others as may 
be necessary to be added. 

Ordered, That the Third & fourth Class of the Militia of Berks 
County, the third & fourth Class of Northampton County, the 
third Class of York County, the fourth, Class of Chester, & the 
Second Class of Northumberland Counties, be Called into immedi- 
ate service. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 303 

The Board of War in very pressing terms, request that the 
Bakers of the Militia may be employed in bakeing for the Army j 
thereupon, 

Ordered, That Colo. Henry do permit & encourage the Bakers 
in the Militia to enter the Service under Mr. Ludwick. 

Ordered, That two more Companies of Artillery be called into 
service immediately. 

Col. Charles Stewart represented that the Army is in want of 
Bread; thereupon, 

Ordeerd, That Colo. Cha's Stewart be authorized & empowered 
to seize all the hard Bread which can be found in the City, Paying 
for the same at the usual price. 

Council appoints Tho's Urie & James Martin, Esq'rs, to be Sub- 
Lieutenants of Bedford County, in the room & stead of Rich'd 
Brown & Abraham Cable, who have declined to take upon them the 
Office. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a., Saturday Septem. 13, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President, 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Bailey, Joseph Hart, &") 

Jonathan Hoge, Jacob Morgan. [►Esq'rs. 

John Proctor, J 

Rob't Galbraith, Esq'r, appeared before Council and took the 
Oaths required by Law to qualify him to act as one of the Justices 
of the Peace for the County of Bedford, &i as one of the Justices 
of the Court of Common Pleas; and also the Oath required to 
qualify him to act according to the Powers mentioned & named in 
a Dedimus Potestatum dated this day. 

Ja's Martin, Esq'r, also appeared & took the Oath required to 
qualify him to act according to the powers mentioned in & granted 
to him & others, by a Dedimus Potestatum dated this day. 

A pass to Ja's Hamilton, Esq'r, to Northampton, &; a protection 
for a Waggon with Baggage; and also a Protection for. his Goods, 
Houses, Lands, & Effects, were granted. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Joseph Blewer, Esq'r, Chairman of the State 
Navy Board, for the Sum of Three thousand Pounds, for which 
said Navy Board is to account. 

Ordered, That the Committee appointed to collect Boats, do 
immediately furnish Mr. Butler with the number of Boats necessary 
to bring up the wounded. 



304 MINUTES OF THE 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Will'm Dallap, for the Sum of Three Pounds, 
•for a Ream of Writing Paper. 

A Certificate signed by Jos. Gardner, Esq'r, was laid before the 
Council, certifying that Tho's McKean, Esq'r, had taken & sub- 
scribed the several Oaths & declaration required by the Laws & 
Constitution of this State to Qualify him to act as Chief Justice 
of this Commonwealth. 

Ordered, That Colo. Proctor be appointed Paymaster of the 
Militia of the County of Westmoreland. 

An order was drawn on David Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Colo. Proctor, for the Sum of One Hundred 
& forty eight Pounds Six Shillings and Eight Pence, Vizt : 

For 109 days attendance in Council @ 25s, £136 5 

For 290 Miles @ lOd, 12 1 8 

£148 6 8 



Ordered, That the fourth & fifth Classes of the Militia of the 
Counties of Philadelphia & Bucks \>q called into immediate ser- 
vice. 

An order was drawn on tfhe Treasurer in favor of Jonathan Hoge, 
Esq'r, for the Sum of One hundred & fifty-eight Pounds Seven 
Shillings & Six Pence, for his attendance in Council, Viz : 

For 123 days attendance in Council @ 25s, £153 15 

Mileage on 111 Miles @ lOd, 4 12 6 

£158 7 6 



Ordered, That the fourth & fifth Classes of the Militia of Buck? 
County, & the fourth & fifth Classes of the Militia of Philadelphia 
County, & the fifth & Sixth Classes of the City, be immediately 
Called into service. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Sunday Septem. 14, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 

Ilon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Bailey, Jacob Morgan, ) ™ , 

Joseph Hart, & ' } ^ rs " 

A Resolve of the Hon'ble House of General Assembly, dated 
Yesterday, desireiDg & empowering this Council to take the most 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 305- 

speedy & effectual means to remove the Public Moneys belong'g 
to the General Loan Office, to such place as the Council may think 
necessary & secure, being read, thereupon 

Ordered, That Mr. Lowden & Mr. Hoge be appointed to have 
the Money & Papers belonging to the Public Loan Office removed 
to Easton, in the County of Northampton, and John Snyder, Hen'y 
Bartholomew, was employed with a Waggon to convey it to the said 
place. 

Ordered, That Colo. Nicola furnish a guard of Two Men to go 
with the said Waggoners. These Papers, &ca. are contained in a 
case, a Barrel, & an Iron Chest. 

Mr. Tilghman and Mr. Reed, by order of Gen'l Washington, 
request that the Bridge may be immediately removed ; thereupon 

Ordered, That Major Casdorp do immediately & effectually re- 
move the Bridge at the Middle Ferry on Schuylkill, & bring it 
away into Delaware, & bring over all the Boats of every kind 
from the West of Delaware j Two boats are to be removed from 
the upper Ferry into the cove below Mr. Morris's, & placed 
under a guard, the other Boats to be placed so as to be entirely 
out of the reach of the enemy ; but the Orders of the general 
officers are to be obeyed on these heads, whether they are to be 
exactly ordered as above, or a new arrangement made. 

Ordered, That Matt'w Irwin be appointed Quarter Master of the 
Militia of this State, & that he Rank as Lieutenant Colonel. 
The Treasury nearly exhausted, 

Ordered, That application be made to Congress for the Sum of 
Two hundred Thousand Dollars, to Pay the Militia & other neces- 
sary expences. 

An order of Congress on John Gibson, Esq'r, Auditor General, 
for the Sum of Two hundred Thousand Dollars, to be paid to the. 
Supreme Executive Council, "advanced for the Public use, the said 
Council to be accountable." 

Ordered, That the Sum of Two hundred Thousand Dollars be 
paid into the hands of DavM Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of the 
State. 

Dav'd Harris, Esq'r, appeared & took the Oath required by the 
Constitution, & the Oath required to Qualify him to enter upon the 
duty of Protnonotary of the County of Northumberland, & also the 
Oath required to Qualify him to enter upon the duty of a Justice 
of the Court of Common Pleas of the said County. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esquire, Treasurer 
of the State, in favor of Tho's Dorsey, Esq'r, Paymaster of the 
Militia for the County of Philadelphia, for the Sum of Four thou- 
sand Pounds, for which he is to account. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Robert Towers, for the Sum of Sixty-On e 
VOL. xi.— -20, 



306 MINUTES OP THE 

Pounds & Seven Shillings, to be charged to account of Jacob S, 
Howell. 

Note — After Three Waggons are provided for the Council, two 
are to be furnished to Mr. Cannon & Mr. Lisle. 

Ordered, That all the Boats that are now in Schuylkill be im- 
mediately hauled upon the land. 

Ordered, That Colo. Flower employ Jas Worrell, Francis Alli- 
son & Mr. Evans, Carpenters, or such other workmen as he may 
think proper to employ, to take down the Bells of all the public 
Buildings in this City, & convey them to a place of safety. 

Ordered, That Mr. Lowden & Mr. Hoge be appointed to have 
the Money & Papers belonging to the Public Loan Office removed 
to Easton, in the County of Northampton, and John Snyder & Henry 
Bartholomew was employed with a Waggon to convey it to the said 
place. 

Ordered, That Colo. Nicola furnish a Guard of Two Men to go 
with the said Waggoners. These papers, &ca. are contained in a 
Case, a Barrel & an Iron Chest. 



The Council met. 



Philad'a, Monday Septem. 15, 1777. 



PRESENT *. 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Yice President. 

John Bailey, Jacob Morgan, ) -p , 

Joseph Hart, & i 

John Halev, Esq'r, lately appointed Clerk of the Orphans' Court 7 
represented to Council that he had applied to Jas Humphreys, Esq'r, 
for the Records & papers belonging to the said Court, 

Resolved & Ordered, That John Haley, Esq'r, who has been 
appointed Clerk of the Orphan's Court of the City & County of 
Philadelphia, do demand of Jas Humphreys, Esq'r, late Clerk 
of the late Orphans' Court of the City and County of Philadelphia, 
the immediate delivery of all the Records, Papers & Seals to the said 
late Office of Clerk to the Orphans' Court, belonging, or which 
have been used in the said Office, and that the said John Haley be 
empowered to remove the said Records & Papers to a place of safety, 
.& in case Mr. Humphreys make any difficulty in the Premises, Mr. 
Haley is to report the same to Council without delay, that further 
order may be had in the Premises. 

An order was drawn on John M. Nesbitt, Esq'r, for the Sum 
of Twenty Thousand Dollars, in favor of Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, 
Treasurer, for which Mr. Rittenhouse is to be accountable. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 307 

The following orders were drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r. 
Treasurer of the State, in favor of Fred'k Snyder, for the Sum of 
Thirty Pounds Sixteen Shillings & three Pence, for Forty days at- 
tendance as doorkeeper, & for Wafers, Nails, & a Map. 

In favor of Edw'd Stroud for the Sum of Ten Pounds Four Shil- 
lings, for riding Express. 

In favor of Mich'l Bowyer for the Sum of Twenty-four Pounds 
Twelve Shillings, for Riding Express. 

Mr. Lowdan & Mr. Hoge, appointed to remove the Public Monies 
& Papers of the Loan Office of this State to some place of security, 
Report, That they had applied to Sam'l Preston Moore, Esq'r, one 
of the Trustees of the said Loan Office, for the said Monies & Books 
& Papers thereto belonging, and that they had received of the said 
Mr Moore a large Iron Chest containing Forty-two bundles of 
Paper money,, said to be the balance of Principal & Interest re- 
maining in the hands of the Trustees of the General Loan Office of 
Pennsylvania, as settled by a Committee of Assembly in August 
last, Amounting to Thirteen Thousand One Hundred & Thirty- 
•Eight Pounds Eighteen Shillings & Two Pence, & the Mortgages 
taken by the said Trustees for Money lent out, together with 
another bundle of Paper Money said to contain the Ballance of 
sundry Mortgages due to the old Loan office & Committed to the 
care of the said Mr. Moore, amounting to the Sum of Seven hun- 
dred & Seventy-four Pounds & nine Shillings, & ' that the said Mr. 
Moore also delivered to them the Keys of said Chest, but the said 
Monies had not been counted for want of time. 

Mr. Moore acquainted them that the Deeds of the borrowers 
lodged in the said Office, were in the posession of Humphrey Mar- 
shall of Chester County ; another of the Trustees of said Office, & 
the Books of said Office, had already been delivered to the said 
Committee. 

Ordered, That the said Chest with its said contents, be immedi- 
ately sent to East town & committed to the care of Rob't Levers, 
Esq'r, of said place. 

Some information by affidavit & verbally, being given to Coun- 
cil by George Stevenson, Esq'r, of Carlisle, of divers treasonable 
& dangerous intentions and designs of levying men & destroying 
the Public Stores at York, Lancaster & Carlisle & elsewhere, in 
which Will'm Willis, of Newberry, & James Rankin of Manches- 
ter, in York County, John Ferree of Lancaster County, Yoemen, & 
divers other persons, are said to be actually concerned j and it ap- 
pearing that Daniel Shelly, of Shelly Island, in Lancaster County, 
Yeoman, hath been actively concerned in the Treasonable designs 
aforesaid, & that he is now in Custody on a charge on Oath, as one 
of the persons actively concerned in the Treasonable designs afore- 
said, & that he is willing & offers to discover & give evidence in 
the Premises against the accomplices & all others concerned in the 
said Conspiracy & every of them, as he knoweth, so as to convict 



308 MINUTES OF THE 

his said accomplices ; The Council thereupon after due considera- 
tion had, do Promise to the said Dan'l Shelly, that if he shall fairly 
reveal &, make known the designs of said persons, & conduct him- 
self in the Premises as a witness ought to do, he will thereby merit 
his Pardon, for any thing he may have acted or done of a treason- 
able nature, & may be assured of receiving it. 

The Petition of Jerman Davis, John Bailey, Isaac Johnson, 
James Chalfont, Tho's Agnew, Benja. Trego, Jos. Trego, Jas 
Chalfont, jun'r, & John Simkins, setting forth that they had been 
committed to Prison by Capt. Bailey without any just cause, de- 
claring their innocence of any charge which may be alledged against 
them as disaffected persons, & praying a hearing, 
On Consideration, 

Ordered, That the said Prisoners be enlarged on their sign 
ing a Promise or Parole that they will do nothing injurious to the 
American cause, and appear to answer any charge which may be 
made against them. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Tuesday Septem. 16, 1777> 
present : 
His Exoell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President 
Hon. George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Bailey, Jacob Morgan, > ^ t 

Joseph Hart, & 5 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Joseph Blewer, Esq'r, Chairman of the Navy 
Board, for the Sum of Three Thousand Pounds, for which the said 
Board is to Account. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favour of Will'm Crispin, Esq'r, for the sum of Four 
Thousand Pounds, for which he is to account. 

Ordered, That Maj. Will'm Scott be appointed Paymaster of the 
Militia of the County of York, in the room of Michael Hahn, Esq'r, 
who is a member of the House of Assembly, whose attendance is 
at this time highly necessary. 

Mr. Alexa. Nesbitt, one of the Gentlemen of the Light Horse 
appointed to escort the Prisoners to Winchester, in Virginia, re- 
ports that Isr'l Pemberton, & divers others of them, had obtained 
writs of hebeas Corpus, ordering Lewis Nicola to bring the bodies 
of said Isr'l Pemberton & others before him on the 17th inst, at 
the place in the writ expressed ; and the Hon'ble House of Gene - 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 309 

ral Assembly having this day passed an Act entitled " An Act, 
&ca.," 

Ordered, That a Writ be issued authorizing and empowering Sam'l 
Caldwell & Alexa. Nesbitt to receive the bodies of Isr'l Pemberton, 
John Hunt, James Pemberton, John Pemberton, Tho's Wharton, 
Edw'd Pennington, Henry Drinker, Tho's Fisher, (son of Joshua) 
Sam'l Fisher, (son of Joshua) Myers Fisher, Sam'l Pleasants, Owen 
Jones, jun'r, Tho's Gilpin, Cha's Jervis, Tho's Afflick, Will'm 
Brewit Smith, Tho's Pike, Will'm Smith, Elijah Brown, & Charles 
Eddy, who have been, in consequence of the recommendation of 
Congress, Arrested & sent forward towards Winchester in Yirginia, 
and them to deliver to Jacob Morgan or John Old, to be forwarded 
to the place of their destination. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of James Dundas, for the Sum of Five hundred 
Pounds, to be charged to Jac'b S. Howell, and applied to the pay- 
ing Workmen, &ca, for which he is to account. This order was 
omitted on the 15th, being dated yesterday. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r. Treasurer of 
the State, in favour of his Excell'y the President, for the Sum of 
Seven Hundred & Fifty Pounds, being one half Year's Salary due 
to him. 

Ordered, That the Lieutenants or Sub-Lieutenants of County 
of Berks & Cumberland, do provide Guards from the Militia that 
are called into service, or may hereafter be called, to guard Ammu- 
nition, Stores or Prisoners, when necessary, unless a sufficient num- 
ber can be hired on reasonable terms, to perform that duty. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Wednesday Septem. 17, 1777. 
present: 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON", jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Bailey, Jacob Morgan, > -^ , 

Joseph Hart, & 5 ^ S( * rs ' 

Ordered, That the fifth Class of the Militia of the County of 
Chester be immediately sent into the field. 

Ordered, That the Books in the Library belonging to the State 
be sent immediately to Easton in Northampton County, & com- 
mitted to the care of Robert Levers, Esq'r, of the said county, to 
whose care a case & a Barrel, containing the Books & Papers of the 
late Council of Safety & the Board of War, have already been sent 
with the Loan Office Money & Papers. 



310 MINUTES OF THE 

(N. B. Fourteen Boxes & Two Trunks sent by Philip Mosser 
& Jacob Kuhn, accordingly.) 

Major Casdrop being called into service in the Militia, 

Ordered, That Rich'd Dennis be appointed in his stead, to take 
charge of the Boats and Ferry in Schuylkill, & to take care of the 
bridge now in the River Delaware. 

Ordered, That Capt. Joseph Stiles take charge of Wort & Brooks* 
two shallops with Ammunition on board, & remove them to a place 
of safety. 

Bristol may, at present a place of safety. 

The two following orders were drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, 
Esq'r, Treasurer of the State, & ordered to be charged to Jacob S. 
Howell, Vizt: 

In favor of Rob't Towers for the Sum of Fifty Pounds, for 
which he is to account. 

In favor of Captain Joseph Stiles for the Sum of One hundred 
& fifty Pounds. 

Mr. Pearson & others of the Committee appointed to drive off 
the Cattle, complain that persons in whose Pastures they are ne- 
cessarily put from time to time, threaten to turn them out. 
On consideration, 

Ordered, That the respective Committees appointed to drive off 
the Cattle on the approach of the Enemy, do make use of such 
Meadows or Pastures as they may find necessary, k give to the 
Owners or Occupiers of such Meadows or Pastures a Certificate of 
the Number of the Cattle pastured, & the time they were continued, 
this Certificate to be directed to Jacob S. Howell, who will pay the 
same price as is allowed by the Continental Army in like cases. 

The following Recommendation of the Hon'ble House of As- 
sembly being read, vizt: 

" In General Assembly, Septem. 16, 1777. 

" On motion, 
u Ordered, That Benja. Yancampen, Esq'r, be recommended to 
His Excell'y the President & Council, to be Commissioned as a 
Sub-Lieutenant for the County ot Northampton. 
" Extract from the Minutes. 

"JOHN MORRIS, Cl'k of General Assembly." 

Thereupon, 

Ordered, That Benja. Yan Campen be Commissioned accord- 
ing^- 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Abram Mason, (sail maker,) for the Sum of 
One hundred & forty eight Pounds Eighteen Shillings & Niue Pence, 
for work done for the State Laboratory. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 311 



The Council Met. 

Philad'a, Thursday Septem. 18, 1777. 
present : 
His ExceU'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President, 
The Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Bailey, Jacob Morgan, > ]7 sa > rc , 

Joseph Hart, & $>■/'" 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Colo. Joseph Hart, for the Sum of Fifty-nine 
Pounds fourteen Shillings and Six pence, for Arms put into the 
liands of the Militia of Bucks County last year, & charge the same 
to Jacob S. Howell. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favour of George Spangler, for the Sum of Six 
Pounds & ten Shillings, for his Services riding Express on Public 
Business. 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Saturday Septem. 20, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Bailey, "j 
Joseph Hart, & v-Esq'rs. 
Jacob Morgan. J 
An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Joseph Blewer, Esq'r, Chairman of the State* 
Navy Board, for the Sum of Eight Thousand Dollars, for which 
said Board is to account. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of James Carter, Esq'r, for the Sum of Four 
Thousand Dollars, for which he is to account. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Colo. Will'm Henry, Lieutenant of the City 
of Philadelphia, for the Sum of Four Thousand Dollars, for which 
he is to account. 



312 MINUTES OF THE 



The Council met. 

Philad'a, Monday Septem. 22d, 1777. 
present : 
HisExcell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President, 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Bailey, ~) 
Joseph Hart, & vEsq'rs. 
Jacob Morgan. J 
An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Tho's Dorsey, Esq'r, Paymaster of the Mili- 
tia for the County of Philadelphia, for the Sum of Twelve Thou- 
sand Dollars, for which he is to account. 

An order was drawn on David Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Tho's Hewitt, Esq'r, to be delivered by him 
to (Jolo. Sam'l Hunter, Lieutenant of the County of Northum- 
berland, for the Sum of Two thousand Dollars, & to be charged 
to the said Colo. Hunter, for which he is to account. 



The Council Met. 

Philad'a, Tuesday Septem. 23, 1777. 

PRESENT I 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 

Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Bailey, Jacob Morgan, ) p, , 

Joseph Hart, <fc 5 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
.the State, in favor of Joseph Blewer, Esq'r, Chairman of the State 
Navy Board, for the Sum of Fifteen Thousand Dollars, for which he 
is to account. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Will'm Crispin, Esq'r, for the Sum of Twen- 
ty Thousand Dollars, for which he is to account. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of William Henry, Esq'r, Lieutenant of the Oity 
of Philadelphia, for the sum of Fifteen Thousand Dollars, for which 
he is to account. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Tho's Dorsey, Esq'r, Paymaster of the Militia 
of the County of Philadelphia, for the Sum of Twenty Thousand 
Dollars, for which he is to account. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 3] 3 

Note. — That the President wrote to Colo. Benj'a Flower, to supply 
Lieut. Grant with three hundred Riffles, five hundred Pounds of 
Powder, & One thousand Two hundred pounds of Lead, for which 
the said Grant is to account. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Wednesday Octo. 1, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Jacob Morgan, Jonathan Hoge, & ) r, , 

John Bailey, John Lowdan, J ^ 

The Petition of Capt. Jos. Brady's Company of Militia, of the 
County of Cumberland, addressed to the Hon'ble House of Assem- 
bly, setting forth in effect, that they had drawn Lots in Quotas, 
consisting of a Class, for the number .of the Class in which the 
Quotas respectively shall stand ranked & be called into service; that 
some objections had afterwards arisen to the mode, & praying advice 
therein, being read & considered, & it appearing that this mode of 
casting Lots is according to the Law for regulating the Militia of 
this State, however it may differ from the practice of o^her Compa- 
nies; thereupon, 

Ordered, That the first & second Class of the said Company, do 
immediately March & join General Washington without further de- 
lay, and that the third Class March to Carlisle to guard the Stores 
there, according to the direction of the Lieut, of the said County. 

Ordered, That the fourth & fifth Class of the Militia be called 
into service immediately. 

Ordered, That Colo. Galbraith, Lieutenant, of the County of 
Lancaster, do immediately send the hundred of the Militia of the 
County to the Borough of Lancaster, and that he do furnish a guard 
for Prisoners, whenever the same may be necessarily required of 
him. 

Note. — The following orders were drawn Septem, 18th ult'o, & 
from the situation of our Public affairs, may probably have been 
omitted to be entered in the Minutes of that day. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Adam Poht, for the Sum of Seven Pounds 
Seventeen Shillings & Six Pence, for the hire of his Horse, and in 
favor of Leonard Lasher, for the Sum of Ten Pounds Two Shillings 
k Six Pence, for the hire of his Horse. 

An order was drawn on Rob't Towers, in favor of Capt. Watkins, 
for Sixty Pounds of Sulphur & ninety thousand Musquet Cartridges, 
t ) be charged to Congress. 



314 MINUTES OF THE 

The Council met. 

Lancaster, Friday October 3, 1777. 

present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 

Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Jacob Morgan, Jonathan Hoge. > ™ , 

John Bailey, & S 

Mr. Peter Dehaven attended & asked the direction of Council as 
to the place the Gun Factory should be now established ; On con- 
sideration, 

Resolved, That the Gun Factory be established at Hummel' s- 
Town, in Derry Township, in this County, for the present; if on re- 
viewing it he finds it practicable otherwise, to enquire after a more 
convenient place, & exercise his best discretion therein. 

Mr. Parker & Mr. Whitehill, the Members' Committee of the 
Hon'ble house of Assembly, now in the City, attended the Council 
& represented that the Hon'ble House are desirous of having ex- 
presses established to pass & repass from Council to the Army, the 
expence of which the Hon'ble House are ready to defray. 

The Council, sensible of the necessity of this measure, there- 
upon, 

Resolved, To establish the Expresses to pass & repass from 
Council to Camp once in two days. 

Resolved, That the Doorkeeper be immediately sent forward to- 
Easton, to bring to the Borough, the Papers belonging to Council. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Peter Dehaven, for One hundred & Thirty- 
two Pounds, for One hundred & Thirty-two days attendance at the 
Gun Factory as director, ending the first instant ; and An order was 
drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of the State, in favor 
of Peter Dehaven, for which he is to account. 



■ v 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 315 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Saturday October 4, 1777. 

present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Jonathan Hoge, John Lowdan. 1 j* , 

Jacob Morgan, & 3 

Council having receiv'd intelligence that Brooks & McKinley, 
two Prisoners on their way to Virginia, had made their escape from 
the Prison of this County, 

Ordered, That Wm. Kelly, the Sheriff, attend the Council im- 
mediately, and he attended accordingly, but not being able to give 
the necessary information on the subject of the said Prisoners' es- 
cape, thereupon Wm. Immel, the Goaler, was sent for & appeared. 

On examination of his own confession it appears, That he rose at 
3 O'Clock in the Morning, opened the back door & let out a Hes- 
sian Baker, & a Servant to assist him in bakeing Bread, according 
to his custom ; that he did not again lock the door, but went to bed ; 
That he rose early in the Morning & went to Market & left the 
Kitchen door unlocked, depending on the Gentry at the door for 
the safety of the Prisoners. 

Ordered, That the Sheriff, now present, take Will'm Immell into 
his Custody, & him safely keep until he shall be further examined 
by this Council. 

The Sheriff having informed the Council that a certain Caleb 
Johnson of this Borough, Dealer, had yesterday received McKin- 
ley's Horse from a certain Rob't Spear, 

Ordered, That the said Caleb Johnson be immediately arrested 
& brought before the Council, & thereupon a Warrant was issued 
for that purpose, and Caleb Johnson being brought before the Coun- 
cil, & declaring that he had delivered the said Horse to Christian 
Foutz, Esq'r, of this Borough, the said Foutz being sent for, report 
was made by the Constable that Mr. Foutz was not at home ; the 
account that is given by Caleb Johnson not being satisfactory, 

Ordered, That Caleb Johnson be committed to Goal until further 
examination be had before this Council. 

Ordered, That Christian Foutz, Esq'r, be arrested & brought be- 
fore this Council, there appearing sufficient reason to suspect that 
he was concerned in assisting the said Brooks & McKinley in their 
escape from the Prison of this County. 

Ordered, That Rob't Spear be arrested & brought before this 
Council, to account for his conduct in the aforesaid transaction, re- 
specting McKinley's Horse. 



316 MINUTES OF THE 

Ordered, That the Secretary do call on Mich'l Hillegas, Esq'r, 
Treasurer of the Continental Congress, now in the Borough, & re- 
quest him to Pay to the Secretary the Sum of Fifty Thousand Dol- 
lars, & take the said Secretary's Receipt for that Sum, as part of 
Two hundred thousand Dollars ordered by Congress to be paid to 
John Gibson, Esq'r, to this Council, & by them endorsed to Dav'd 
Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of the State, for which said Sum this 
Council will account to Mr. Rittenhouse, as part of the said order 
of Congress. 

Mr. Hillegas having sent forward the Money, this order was not 
complied with. 

Rich'd McAllister, Esq'r, Lieut, of the County of York, having 
requested to be supplied by the hands of Mr. Tho's Amor, with a 
further Sum of Money, for the purpose of sending out the Militia 
of that County j thereupon, 

An order was drawn on John Gibson, Esq'r, in favor of the said 
Rich'd McAllister, for the Sum of Four thousand Dollars, & for- 
warded the same to him by the hands of Mr. Thomas Amor. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Monday October 6, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S. WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Jacob Morgan, John Proctor, > ™ , 

Jonathan Hoge, k 3 & ■ 

Robert Spear being before the Council k examined, it does not 
appear that he had any knowledge of the design of supplying Me- 
Kinley with a Horse to make his escape upon, the Secretary reports 
that Mr. Hilligas having sent forward the Money to York Town, 
could not comply with the order of Saturday last. 

His Excell'y The President reports, that John Gibson, Esq'r? 
had paid into his hands the Sum of twenty-eight thousand Eight 
hundred k Two Dollars, in part of the last order of Congress on 
him for Two hundred Thousand dollars, in favor of this Council, & 
that he had deposited the same in the hands of the Secretary. 

Ordered, That Fifteen Waggons be ordered from the County of 
Northampton, to Trenton or Bristol, to bring away some Indigo & 
other public property now lying there under the care of John M. 
Nesbitt, Esq'r, The Speaker of the Hon'ble House of General As- 
sembly, informed the Council that a Committee was appointed to 
confer with Council on the present State of Public Affairs ; & desired 
to know when they may attend. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 317 

Ordered, That the Hon'ble the Speaker be informed that the 
Council are now ready to receive the Committee of the House, and 
Mr. Bayard, the Speaker, Mr. Parker, Colonel Kirkbride, Doct 
Gardner, Colo, Davis, Mr. Cuningham, Mr. McClean, & Mr 
Whitehill, a Committee of the Hon'ble House of General Assem- 
bly, attended in Council. 



The Council Met. 

Lancaster, Tuesday October 7, 1777, 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, Jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Jacob Morgan, Jonathan Hoge, & ) p^ , 

John Bailey, John Lowdan. $ "" 

The Council took into consideration the present State of our 
public affairs, & Spent the greatest part of the day thereupon j in 
the Evening the Committee appointed by the Hon'ble House to 
confer with Council, again attended the Council in conference, & 
spent some time with the Council. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Wednesday October 8, 1777. 

PRESENT. 

His Bxcell'y THOS. WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President, 

Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Jacob Morgan, Jonathan Hoge, & ? ^ > 

John Bailey, John Lowdan. 5 

The Council resumed the consideration of the Business under 
Consideration with the Committee of the Hon'ble House of Gen 
eral Assembly. 

Colo. Hart took his seat in Council. 

An order was Drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Colo Clerke, Paymaster of the Militia for the 
County of Cumberland, for the Sum of Eight thousand Dollars; 
for which he is to account. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Philip Marstiller, Esq'r, Paymaster of the 
Militia of Lancaster County, for the Sum of four thousand Dollars, 
for which he is to Account, 



318 MINUTES OF THE 

The Council met. 

Lancaster, Thursday Octo'r 9, 1777. 
present : 
His ExcelFy THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Bailey, John Lowdan, &^| 

Jacob Morgan, Jos. Hart. ^Esq'rs. 

Jonathan Hoge, J 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Colo. Lollar, for eleven days' service in sur- 
veying the ground near the River, for the Sum of Eleven Pounds 
for said service. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Friday October 10, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THOS. WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
Jacob Morgan, John Lowdan, & ") 

John Bailey, Jos. Hurt. v Esq'rs. 

Jonathan Hoge, ) 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittcnhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Will'm Henry, Esq'r, Lieut, of the City of 
Philadelphia, for the Sum of Two Thousand dollars, for which he 
is to account. 

Colo. Boyd, Sub-Lieut, of the County of Chester, now applying 
for Ammunition, to be put into the hands of the Militia of that 
County, for their immediate defence, 

Ordered, That Maj. Wirtz supply Colo. Boyd with Ammunition, 
to be by him put into the hands of the Militia of Chester County, 
for their immediate defence. 

Ordered, That the Militia of the fifth Class of the County of 
Chester, be employed in defending the inhabitants from the excur- 
sions of the Enemy, &, that the Lieutenant use his utmost endea- 
vours to mount fifty of the Militia on Horseback, for the same pur- 
pose. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esquire, Treasurer 
of the State, in favor of Colo. Boyd, Lieut, of the County of 
Chester, for One thousand five hundred dollars, to be charged to 
Colo. Smith, for which the said Colo. Smith is to account. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 319 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Saturday October 11, 1777. 

present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Bailey, Jonathan Hoge, & > ™ , 

Jacob Morgan, John Lowdan. $ 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Styner & Cist, for the Sum of One hundred 
and Seventy five Pounds, to be charged to their account. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Sunday October 12, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
Jonathan Hoge, ") 
Jacob Morgan, & >■ Esq'rs. 
John Lowdan. J 

And adjourned 'till to-morrow Morning. 

The Council met. 

Lancaster, Monday October 13, 1777. 

present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Yice President. 

John Bailey, Jonathan Hoge, & i «j •> 

Jacob Morgan, John Lowdan. $ 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Colo. Will'm Coats, Lieut, of the County of 
Philadelphia, for the Sum of One thousand Pounds, for which he 
is to account. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Fred'k Snyder, for Two Reams of Paper & 
three Boxes, for the Sum of Eight Pounds five Shillings, being 
the purchase of the same. 



320 MINUTES OF THE 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Colo. Jos. Kirkbride, for the Sum of Two 
Thousand dollars, for which he is to account. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Tuesday October 14, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, Jun'r, Esq'r, President 
The Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Bailey, Robt. Whitehill, 

Jonathan Hoge, Jonathan D. Serjeant, & J^Esq'rs. 

Jacob Morgan, Jac'b Orndt. 

That Mr. Cunningham be requested to purchase as many Blan- 
kets as he can procure, & for this purpose, 

An order was drawn on David Rittenhouse. Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Sam'l Cunningham, Esq'r, for the Sum of 
One thousand Dollars, for which he is to account. 

John Swiney, a private of Capt. Thompson's Company, in Colo, 
Hazen's Regiment, having made his escape, was examined, & per- 
mitted to pass to Tyrone Township in York County, to return to 
Oarap in fifteen days from this date. 



I 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Wednesday Octo. .15, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 

Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Jacob Morgan, Rob't Whitehill, ) ™ , 

Jonathan D. Serjeant, Jacob Orndt. $ 8( * rs " 

Colo. Miles Attended & requested that Colo. Pipers' family may 
be furnished with his Pay, as they were in necessity, & no Pay- 
master now on duty, and also requested that some Money may 
be advanced to Colo. Atlee's Lady, agreeable to an order from 
him. 

Ordered, That the Sum of Two hundred Pounds be paid to Colo. 
Miles, to be by him paid to Colo. Piper's Lady, & charged to 
Colo. Piper, and accordingly, 

An order was drawn on JDav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Colo. Sam'l Miles, for the Sum of Two hun- 
dred Pounds, to be charged to Colo Miles, 






SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 321 

And an order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasu- 
rer of the State, in favor of Colo. Sam'l Miles, for the Sum of 
Two hundred Pounds, for the use of, and to be charged to Colo. 
Atlee. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of John Morris, junV, Esq'r, for the Sum of 
Sixty Pounds, for his services in prosecuting in behalf of the 
State at several Courts. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of the Hon'ble John Lowdan, Esq'r, for the 
Sum of Fifty Pounds Sixteen Shillings & Eight Pence, for thirty- 
five days attendance in Council, & Mileage on one hundred and 
seventy miles. 

Mich'l Renthart was sent express to Head Quarters. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Thursday October 16, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
Jacob Morgan, Jonat. D, Sergent, & 1 

John Bailey, Rob't Whitehill, I Esq Vs. 

Jonathan Hoge, J 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Colo. Tho's Cheny, Sub-Lieutenant of the 
County of Chester, for the Sum of Two thousand Dollars, to be 
Charged to Colo. Smith, Lieutenant of the said County, for the 
purpose of Paying Substitutes & purchasing Blankets, for which 
Sum he is to account. 

The Secretary laid before the Council a receipt signed by Dav'd 
Rittenhouse, dated the 14th ins't, by which it appears the Secre- 
tary-had paid 

Dollars, 
To Rich'd Humphreys, by order of Council, 9,995 

Wm. Clarke, Paymaster of Cumberland County Militia, 8,000 
Ph'p Marsteller, ditto of Lancaster County Militia, 4,000 

The said Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of the State, 

the Sum of 6,807 



Amounting to the Sum of 28,802 

Which is equal to the Sum paid into his hands by His Excell'y 
Tho's Wharton, jun'r, Esq'r, President, on the 6th instant. 
VOL. XI. — 21. 



322 MINUTES, SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 

The Council met. 

Lancaster, Friday October 17, 1777. 

PRESENT I 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Jonathan Hoge, John Bailey, I p , 

Jacob Morgan, & )\ ' 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Stephen Sutton, for the Sum of Seven Pounds 
Ten Shillings, for his service riding express to Head Quarters. 



MINUTES 

OP THE 

COUNCIL OF SAFETY 

FOR THE 

STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA, 



\ 



IN COUNCIL OF SAFETY FOR THE STATE OF PENN- 
SYLVANIA : 

Friday, October the 17th, 1777. 

present : 

His Excellency the President, Honorable Vice President, Mr, 
Bailey, Mr. Hoge, Colonel Morgan, Mr. Whitehill and Mr. Ser- 
geant. 

The following Proclamation having been Read and considered ; 
Thereupon, 

Ordered, That the same be published in the following words.,, 
vi'z : 

u By the Council of Safety of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania : 

"A PROCLAMATION. 

" Whereas, The Representatives of the Freemen of the Com- 
monwealth of Pennsylvania in General Assembly met, in and by a 
certain Act made and passed at Lancaster, the thirteenth day of 
this instant 5 October, entitled "An Act for constituting a Council 
of^afety and vesting the same with the powers therein mentioned/' 
have enacted and declared as follows, viz : 

" Whereas, The British Troops have penetrated into this State T 
and after much devastation and great cruelty in their progress, 
have seized the Metropolis : Jind Whereas, in times of such danger 
and confusion, the ordinary powers of Government cannot be regu- 
larly administered, more especially as the term for which the 
present Legislative Body of the Commonwealth have been chosen. 
will speedily expire ; whereby evil-minded persons may be encour- 
aged by open or secret practices to assist the common Enemy, and 
further to distress the good people of this Commonwealth ; For 
prevention whereof, it hath become necessary, for a limited time, to 
vest St persons with summary and adequate powers to punish offen- 
ders and restrain abuses : 

" Be it, therefore, enacted, and it is hereby enacted by the Rep- 
resentatives of the Freemen of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, 
in General Assembly met, And by the Authority of the same ? 
That the members of the Supreme Executive Council of this State, 
together with John Bayard, Jonathan Sergeant, Jonathan B, 
Smith, David Rittenhouse, Joseph Gardner, Robert Orndt, Curtis 
Grubb, James Cannon and William Henry, of Lancaster, Esquires, 



326 MINUTES OF THE 

be constituted, and they are hereby constituted, a Council of 
Safety, with full power to promote and provide for the preservation 
of the Commonwealth, by such regulations and ordinances as to them 
shall seem necessary, and to proceed against, seize, detain, imprison, 
punish, either capitally or otherwise, as the case may require, in a 
summary mode, either by themselves or others by them to be 
appointed for that purpose, all persons who shall disobey or trans- 
gress the same or the laws of this State heretofore made, for the 
purpose of restraining or punishing traitors or others, who, from 
their General conduct and conversation may be deemed inimical 
to the common cause of liberty and the United States of North 
America. 

" And the said Council of Safety are hereby authorized and em* 
powered, by the Authority aforesaid, to take and seize, where it 
may be needful, provisions and other necessaries for the Army or 
the inhabitants, and to appraise and value the same so taken, and 
for this eDd to appoint proper persons under them to take, seize, 
and appraise as aforesaid ; And the said Council of Safety shall 
in general regulate the prices of such articles as they may think 
necessary, and compel a sale thereof, where they shall be wanted, 
with full powers also to call to their aid all officers and other per- 
sons, civil or military, in the execution of the Premises. 

" Jind be it further enacted, by the authority aforesaid, That the 
President or Vice President of the Executive Council, and any six 
of the said members of the said Council of Safety, shall be a quo- 
rum to do business. 

"Provided always, That the exercise of the ordinary course of 
Justice in the trial and punishment of offenders shall proceed and 
take its effects, and that original writs and process in the Law for 
debts and demands may be issued and carried on, notwithstanding 
this Act or any thing therein contained, and that all other civil 
and lawful business and actings be done and performed in the 
manner practised at the time of passing this Act, as far as the 
present condition of the state will admit, so as that the exercise 
of the authority and jurisdiction hertofore given and granted to the 
said Council of Safety, or the authority given to the Supream Ex- 
ecutive Council by an Act of General Assembly, passed in the 
present year, entitled • An Act to empower the Supreme Execu- 
tive Council of this Commonwealth to provide for the security 
thereof in special cases, where no provision is already made by law/ 
be not obstructed or questioned. 

u Jlnd be it further enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That 
the members of the said Executive Council, and the said John 
.Bayard, Jonathan Sergeant, Jonathan li. Smith, David Kitten- 
house, Joseph Gardner,- Robert Whitehill, Christopher Marshall, 
James Smith of Yorktown, Jacob Orndt, Curtis Grubb, James 
Cannon, and William Henry of Lancaster, or any other persons 
acting under their authority in the premises ; or any of them, shall 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 327 

not at any time hereafter be liable to any suit, action, or prosecu- 
tion, for anything done in pursuance of this Act or the powers 
hereby given and granted, but that they and each of them, shall 
be collectively and severally indemnified, saved harmless, and dis- 
charged of the same, and that all suits, actions and prosecutions 
shall be barred, abated and discontinued, by the Court before 
whom the proceedings shall be brought. 

" And be it further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That. the 
Supreme Executive Council of this State, may at any time during 
the continuance of the powers and authorities hereby granted, by 
Proclamation or other public act, renounce, determine and extin- 
guish the same, and every part thereof, and that thereupon the 
said powers and every of them, shall cease and become void, and be 
no longer exercised and enforced. 

U Provided lastly, That the powers hereby given and entrusted to 
the said Council of Safety, shall continue and remain in force, (un- 
less otherwise sooner determined) to the end of the next sitting of 
General Assembly, and no longer. 

u We therefore, the Members of the said Council of Safety, being 
convened in pursuance of the said Act of General Assembly, do give 
this Public notice of our said appointment, hereby Requiring all 
manner of Persons, as well officers Civil and Military as others, to 
Govern themselves according to the just laws of this Commonwealth, 
and the necessary provisions which have or shall be made for the 
protection thereof, in this time of Public danger and Calamity.— 
We do also most expressly charge and Require, that all persons do 
utterly forbear from furnishing the Armies or Fleets of the King 
of Great Britain with provisions or other necessaries or aid, and 
from transporting or carrying the same provisions or other necessa- 
ries aforesaid, to any City, Town or place in the power or possession 
of the said Fleet or Armies, most eernestly entreating them to save 
us the Irksome task of punishing them with immediate death, as 
their crimes deserve. And, we do most solemnly charge and corn-* 
mand all Forestallers and Ingrossers of provisions and other neces- 
saries, by whose most horrible and pernicious practices and exam- 
pies we are threatened with want in the midst of plenty, that they 
do wholly cease and abstain from preying on the necessitous, abus- 
ing the Publick, and aggravating the distresses of their Country, 
lest they be overtaken in their Iniquities, and dealt with according 
to their demerits. And it is Recommended to all persons possessed 
of Provisions and other necessaries, cautiously to avoid selling the 
same to such forestallers and ingrossers, but to dispose of them for 
the use of the American Army, or to persons who may be in want 
of them for their own immediate use, at a Reasonable price, other- 
wise this Council must interpose their Authority to prevent and Re- 
dress such abuses. And all the good people of this Commonwealth 
are called upon and invited to Join with us in the most speedy and 
Vigorous exertions for Rescuing this State from the Tyranny, de- 



328 . MINUTES OF THE 

Fustation and oppression of her cruel enemies, that we may again 
^ee good days, and enjoy the inestimable blessings of liberty and 
peace. 

Given at Lancaster, the 17th day of October, in the year of our 
Lord, 1777." 



In Council of Safety, 

Lancaster, Octo'r 17th, 1777. 

Ordered, That Colonel Bartram Galbraith, Lieutenant of the 
County of Lancaster, be empowered to collect all the Blanketts for 
the Sick which can be spared by the inhabitants, and that he em- 
ploy such persons for this purpose as he may think proper. 

Ordered, That John Hobson, Ludwig Lowman and William 
Hamilton, Esquires, be appointed to Value on Oath, such blankets 
as may be taken and collected in consequence of the foregoing 
order. 



In Council of Safety. 

Saturday, October 18th, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

Excellency President, Mr. V. President, Colonel Morgan, Mr. 
Bailey, Mr/Hoge and Mr. Hart, Mr. J. D, Serjeant, Mr. Grubb, 
Mr. Whitehill. 



In Council of Safety, 

Tuesday, October 21st, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Excellency the President, Honb'e Vice President, Col. 
Morgan, Col. Hart, Mr. Bailey, Mr. Hoge, Mr. Serjeant and Mr. 
Henry. 

Ordered, That Colonel Evan Evans, Colonel William Evans, Col. 
Thomas, Col. Gibbons, Captain Thomas Levis, Capt. William Brooks, 
and Capt. Jacob Rudolph, be authorized and required to collect with- 
out delay, from such of the Inhabitants of Chester County as have not 
taken the Oaths of Allegancc and abjuration, or who have Aided or 
assisted the Enemy, Arms and Accoutrements, blankets, shoes and 
stockings, for the use of the Army ; that they appraise the same when 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 329 

taken, according to their Quality, allowing at the Rate of three 
pounds for a new single blanket, and give certificates for the same 
to the owners; That they call to their Aid the Militia of this Com- 
monwealth, who are hereby ordered to obey and assist them in the 
execution of this Order, and that they deliver the same so taken to 
the Order of the Clothier General, or his Agent, with whom they 
are to correspond in the discharge of this business. 

Ordered, That Colonel Bartram Galbraith, Major Cook, Captain 
George Franciscus, and Captain Craig, be appointed for the same 
purposes, and with the like instructions & Authority, in the County 
of Lancaster. 

The following Ordinance being Read and Considered, Viz't : 

" Whereas, divers of the inhabitants of this Commonwealth, 
not Regarding their duty to the State, but Renouncing their Alle- 
giance thereto, and disclaiming the protection thereof, have wicked- 
ly joined themselves to our unnatural Enemies, giving to them aid 
and assistance by furnishing them with provisions and otherwise, 
thereby contributing as far as in them lies, to increase the distresses 
of their injured Country; and whereas, it is highly unjust and Re- 
pugnant to the practice of all Nations to protect and preserve the 
property of their avowed Enemies ; Therefore, 

Be it Ordained, Resolved and declared, and by Virtue of the 
powers and Authorities to us committed by the Legislature of this 
State, it is, by the Council of Safety of the Commonwealth of 
Pennsylvania, hereby ordained, Resolved and declared, that all 
and every the personal Estate and effects whatsoever of such of 
the Inhabitants of this Commonwealth as have, or hereafter shall 
abandon their Families or habitations, & Joined the Army of the 
King of Great Britain, and of all such as shall Resort to any City, 
Town or place within this Commonwealth in possession of the 
Troops or Armies of the said King of Great Britain, carrying to 
them Provisions, or that shall otherwise afford to them such pro- 
visions or intelligence or other Aid, shall be seized upon and safely 
Kept by the Commissioners hereinafter Appointed, for the use and 
purpose herein after declared, and all sales and alienations thereof, 
and of all or any of the Real Estates of such Offenders in the mean 
time made by them, or any of them, their, or either Agents, Factors, 
or Attornies, are hereby declared to be null and void, to all intents 
and purposes whatsoever; And be it further Resolved, ordained 
and declared, by the authority aforesaid, that the Commissioners for 
the Respective Counties hereinafter appointed, or any or either of 
them, shall and may, with all convenient speed after the Publication 
of this Ordinance, seize upon and into his or their Custody, aod 
make a true and perfect inventory of all the personal Estate and 
effects of every such Offender, and dispose of all the perishable- 
part thereof, and "at his or their discretion, convey away and Re- 
move to places of safety, sell, or otherwise dispose of, where it may 



330 MINUTES OF THE 

be necessary, all such goods and effects of the- said Offenders as 
they shall apprehend to be in danger of falling into the hands of 
the Enemy, and the said Monies and Goods so by them taken or 
Received, the said Commissioners are Required to Retain and keep 
safely, subject to the future disposition of the Legislature of this 
Commonwealth, Keeping true Accounts of their proceedings, and 
Receiving for their trouble, over and above their Costs and charges, 
at the Rate of five ^ centum. And the said Commissioners are 
hereby also further directed and enjoined, with all convenient speed 
after the making such inventory and sale or sales as aforesaid, to 
•deliver, on Oath, to the Treasurer, a true Copy of such Inventory or 
account of sales. 

And be it further Resolved, Ordained and declared by the au- 
thority aforesaid, that the several persons hereinafter named, (or 
in their or either of their stead and place, in case they or either of 
them shall refuse or be disabled to perform the duties upon them 
•enjoined, in and by this Ordinance, such other person or persons as 
this Council shall from time to time appoint,) shall be and they 
are hereby appointed Commissioners for the purposes aforesaid, to- 
Wit: 

For the City of Philadelphia, William Will, Sharp Delany, 
-Jacob Schriner, Charles Wilson Peale, Robert Smith, (Hatter,) 
Samuel Massay. 

For the County of Philadelphia, William Antis, Robert Lollar, 
'James Stroud, Daniel Hiester, Archibald Thompson. 

For the County of Chester, William Evans, William Gibbons, 
Thomas Cheney, Isaac Taylor, Thomas Levis, Capt'n William 
-Brooke, and Patterson Bell. 

For the County of Bucks, Richard Gibbs, Joseph MTlvaine 
John Lacey, Samuel Smith, John Crawford, Nicholas Potter. 

For the County of Lancaster, William Bauseman, Casper Shaff- 
ner, Robert Patton, George Steward, Francis Armstong, James, 
Cunningham. 

For the County of York, William White, Robert Stevenson, James 
Nailor, Matthew Dill, William Chesney, John Ewing. 

For the County of Cumberland, George Stevenson, John Boggs, 
and Joseph Brady. 

• For the County of Berks, Thomas Parry, David Morgan, Peter 
Nagle, Henry'Natter, Daniel Ultree Speiker, Joseph Neister. 

For the County of Northampton, Conrad Krider, — Keichline, 
■ Paul Balliot, Robert Levers, Daniel Depuy. 

For the County of Bedford, Robert Galbraith, Thomas Urie, 
John Piper. 
'For the County of Northumberland, John Kelly, Thomas Hewitt. 

For the County of Westmoreland, Colonel John Proctor, Thomas 
«»a)braith. 

Aud be it lastly resolved, ordained and declared by the authority 
foresaid; that the said Commissioners, or any or either of them, 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 331 

shall be fully authorised and empowered to search for and seize 
the said goods and effects of such offenders, and for this end to send 
for, call before them, and examine persons and papers, to use force 
and to break open doors in all Cases where the same goods may be 
secreted and concealed, to commit such as shall absolutely Resist 
their Authority, and to call to their Aid Officers and others, civil 
and Military, who are hereby Required and commanded to Aid and 
assist them accordingly. 

On Motion, agreed, That the foregoing Ordinance be passed and 
Published immediately. 



In Council of Safety. 

Wednesday, October 22d, 1777. 

Presentj the Council of Safety, and Mr. Serjeant and Dr. Gard- 
ner. 

General Armstrong attended and laid before the Council the State 
of the Militia, and requested that a further proportion of the Mili- 
tia of the State be Ordered into Service. 



In Council of Safety. 

Thursday, October 23d, 1777. 
Present as Yesterday. 

Peter Dehaven informed the Council that he was not able to fur- 
nish the Gun Factory at Hummels-town with provisions, there be- 
ing none to be purchased in that Neighbourhood ; On Considera- 
tion, 

Ordered, That Colonel Joshaa Elder, Sub-Lieutenant of this 
County, be authorized and Required to take effectual measures to 
supply the Factory at Hummels Town with Provisions ; And if he 
shall find it necessary to seize provisions for this purpose, he is to 
give Certificates for the same to the Owners, to be Paid for at such 
prices as this Council shall hereafter agree upon and Order. 



In Council of Safety. 

Friday October 24th, 1777. 
Present as Yesterday. 
The Council took into consideration " An Ordinance for the more 
effectual levying the monies advanced for substitutes in the Militiat 



832 MINUTES OF THE 

and fines due to the Publick for disobedience to the Militia Laws;" 
And having spent some time thereon, 
Adjourned to to-Morrow, Usual Hour. 



In Council of Safety. 

Saturday October 25th, 177 T. 

Present as yesterday, and Colonel Bayard. 

The Council Resumed the consideration of the Ordinance in- 
titled "An Ordinance for the more effectual levying the monies 
advanced for Substitutes in the Militia, and fines due to the Pub- 
lick for disobedience to the Militia Laws ;" And agreed that the 
following Ordinance be passed and Published, Vizt : 

u An Ordinance for the more effectual levying the Monies ad- 
vanced for Substitutes in the Militia, and fines due to the 
Publick, for disobedience to the Militia Laws. 

u Whereas, in Consequence of the delinquency of the Personal 
service of many Male inhabitants in this State, liable to serve in 
the Militia, they have become bound to pay and Re-imburse to this 
Commonwealth Sums of Money advanced to Substitutes in their 
Room and Stead, and others in like manner delinquent, for whom 
no Substitutes had been found, have, become liable to payment of 
money equal to a medium of the advances to Substitutes Provided 
to serve in the Class of Militia, Respectively, in which such per- 
sons has been alotted ; And Whereas, many of the Persons afore- 
said, have not yet paid the Sums of Money so due as aforesaid, and 
great dimcultys and delays have happened in the Premises, where- 
by large and heavy advances of the Publick treasure Remain dis- 
persed and useless to the State, and in danger of being lost; for 
Remedy whereof, and to prevent like mischiefs in the further Em- 
bodying of Militia, who are now drawing out, or may hereafter be 
drawn out, for the Publick defence : 

u Be it Ordained by the Council of Safety of the Common- 
wealth of Pennsylvania, And it is hereby ordained by the au- 
thority of the same, That from and after the date of this Ordinance, 
the Lieutenant, or one of the Sub-Lieutenants of the County in 
which any such person doth or may Reside, shall, after an Oppor- 
tunity of appeal has been afforded to such delinquent, and in five 
days after demand of the sum of Money due, or which may become 
due, by such delinquent as aforesaid, by a Collector Authorized by 
3uch Lieutenant or deputy Lieutenant; and upon Refusal of ne- 
glect of payment thereof, that such Lieutenant or Sub-Lieutenant 
shall issue an order to a proper person, to be appointed by the 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 333 

Lieutenant or Sub-Lieutenant, to levy the sum due by such person, 
with charges, by distress and sale of the Goods and Chatties of such 
Person, and to support and render effectual such order by calling 
in the Aid of the Militia, where the same may be necessary : 

u Provided ahoays, That any person delinquent as aforesaid, 
who may yet be in arrear for any sum of Money as aforesaid, shall 
be discharged and Exonerated of the same, in case he shall join 
with and serve for two Months in the next class of Militia which 
shall be marched in the Public service, and shall notify his inten- 
tion so to do to the Lieutenant or Sub-Lieutenant, and become 
bound, with sufficient surety, to perform said service or yield such 
payment, 

u And whereas, Many of the fines by law due to the State from 
divers Persons for non-att:ndance on the Musters and days of ex- 
ercise under the late Association, have not been as yet collected; 
and fines already incurred, or that may hereafter be incurred by the 
non-Observance of the Militia Laws of this Commonwealth, ought 
to be strictly collected : 

u Be it therefore Ordained, by the authority aforesaid. That ail 
such fines shall be levied and recovered in the same manner as the 
sums due for Substitutes are by this Ordinance ordered to be 
levied. 

u And be it further Ordained, by the authority aforesaid, That 
the Collectors aforesaid shall Retain five per Centum out of all 
Monies which they may receive in pursuance of this Ordinance ; 
the same in case of Monies due for neglect of personal Service in 
the Militia, to be added to and levied with the Respective Sums 
and Charges thereon, so due as aforesaid. • ; 

" And be it further Ordained, by the authority aforesaid, That 
if any person or Persons to whom the Lieutenant or Sub-Lieu- 
tenant of any County shall direct an order, Commanding such Per- 
son to levy the Money hereinbefore directed to be levied on delin- 
quents as aforesaid, shall neglect or refuse to perform the duty to 
which he shall be so called and enjoined as aforesaid, that upon 
such neglect or refusal, the said Lieutenant or Sub-Lieutenant may 
and shall Commit such person to the Common Goal of the County, 
there to be kept for and during the space of Sixty days." 

Ordered, That Colonel Peter Grubb be directed to attend this 
Council on Tuesday next. 

Agreed, That the following Ordinance be passed and Published, 
Vizt : 

" An Ordinance for appointing and authorizing an additional 
number of Sub -Lieutenants, to act in the County of Lancaster. 

" Whereas, the Inhabitants of the County of Lancaster, from 
their great numbers and the disposition of some to oppose or delay 
the Operation of the Militia laws of this State, have Rendered the 



334 MINUTES OF THE 

duties of the Lieutenant and sub-Lieutenants of the said county 
not only difficult, but also very extensive and burdensome, whereby 
it hath become necessary to appoint a greater number of sub-Lieu- 
tenants than is mentioned in the Militia law. It is, therefore. 
Ordained by the Council of Safety of the Commonwealth of Penn- 
sylvania that Curtis Grubb, Esq'r, William Ross, of the borough 
of Lancaster, and Simon Snyder of the said Borough, be appointed, 
and they are hereby appointed sub-Lieutenants of the said County 
of Lancaster, and that they and each of them shall have, use, and 
exercise all the powers and authorities which the sub-Lieutenants 
appointed in the Militia Law of this State are authorized and em- 
powered to have, use or exercise, and shall be allowed the like pay 
for their services as to the Sub-Lieutenants appointed by virtue of 
the said Militia law is or hath been allowed. 
" By order of the Council of Safety. 

"THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President 



In Council of Safety. 

Sunday 26th October, 1777. 
Present as Yesterday. 
A letter was written to William Buchanan, Esquire, Commissary 
General, on the subject of obtaining a Supply for the Army, and 
affixing the Prices of some material Articles ; Wheat 8s 6 ; Rye 
8s 6 ; Indian Corn 6s 6 ; Beef 10 dollars, (sinking 5 lb q'r); Pork 
Eight dollars f C't. 



In Council of Safety. 

Tuesday October 28th, 1777 
Present as Yesterday. 



In Council of Safety. 

Wednesday October 29th, 1777 
Present as Yesterday. 
Several of the Commissioners appointed to collect and appraise 
blankets in this Country being now at Camp, 

Ordered, That John Jordan, David Watson, David Whitehill, 
and David Jenkins, be added to the Committee appointed to Col- 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 335 

iect and appraise Blankets in this County for the use of the Army. 
Letters were written to General Mifflin and to Colonel Biddle, on 
the subject of forage, And the following prices Recommended : 
Oats 5s f bushel; spelts 5s f bushel; Hay (first Crop) £7 <§ ton ; 
second crop £i 10 "& ton. 



In Council of Safety. 

Thursday October 30th, 1777. 
Present as yesterday, & Col. Curtis Grubb. 

Colonel Grubb Represented to the Council that his Furnace is 
now in blast for the purpose of Casting Salt-pans, and that the 
blast cannot be continued without the assistance of Thomas Ed- 
wards, Manager ; David Short, founder ; John Campbell and John 
Forster, Colliers; and John Peters, Carpenter; that these Men 
being called out in the Militia in the Classes now ordered, must 
March without the particular order of this Council ; On Conside- 
ration, 

Ordered, That the said Thomas Edwards, David Short, John 
Campbell, John Forster and John Peters, 'who are employed at 
Grubb's furnace in Casting Salt-pans for the making of Salt, be 
permitted to continue at the said furnace until the said Salt-pans 
be compleated, and that they then proceed to Camp with all expe- 
dition, and serve out their Tour in the field. 



In Council of Safety. 

Friday October 31st, 1777, 

Ordered, That Christian Wirtz of this Borough, be appointed 
a sub-Lieutenant of the County of Lancaster, in the *Room and 
stead of William Ross, who hath declined serving in that Office. 



In Council of Safety. 

Saturday Novem'r 1st, 1777« 
Present as Yesterday. 



326 MINUTES OF THE 

In Council of Safety. 

Monday November 3d, 1777 
Present as on Saturday, & David Rittenhouse, s'r. 



In Council of Safety. 

Tuesday November 4th, 1777. 
Present as yesterday, and John Hambright and James Edgar. 



In Council of Safety. 

Wednesday Nov'r 5th, 1777. 
Present as Yesterday. 

Ordered, That Mr. Wirtz deliver to John Swanick the Goods, 
Cattle and Negroes lately seized as the propercy of his Father, and 
that Mr. Bauseman make out a list of the same, and deliver it tc 
this Council, in order to having them appraised and security given 
for the re-delivery thereof, when called for. 

Agreed, That it be Recommended to the Commissary General 
and Quarter-Master General, and their Deputy s, to fix the prices of 
the following articles, as below is mentioned, Viz't : Wheat 8s 6; 
Rye 8s 6; Indian Corn, 6s 6 ^ bushel; Whiskey, full spirit, 8s 
6 ^ Gallon ; Hay, best first crop, at £7 10 ^ ton ; second crop, 
M f ton. 

Agreed, That it be Recommended to the Commissary General, 
that he allow for good Pork seven dollars per hundred, and that 
he allow for good Beef Ten dollars per hundred, (sinking the fifth 
quarter,) agreeable to a former Resolve. 



In Council of Safety. 

Thursday November 6th, 1777. 

Present as Yesterday. 

The Council took into consideration the appointing of an ad- 
ditional number of Commissioners in the several counties for col- 
lecting Arms, Accoutrements, blankets, &ca. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 337 

In Council of Safety. 

Friday November 7th, 1777. 
Present, as Yesterday. 

The petition of divers Workmen employed in the State Factory, 
was Read; thereupon, 

Ordered, That the Removal of the Families of the said Work- 
men be a public expence ; and that the prices of the under-men- 
tioned Articles in the said Factory, be paid to the Workmen as 
mentioned opposite to each of them, agreeable to the recommen- 
dation of iWr. Benjamin Rittenhouse, Viz't : Stocking a Musket, 
15s; Splicing a Stock, 3s 9 ; Dressing Mounting, 3s 9 ; Sawing 
Stocks, Is 3. And that the said Workmen be allowed seven shil- 
lings and six pence ^ day, from the time they left off Working at 
Philadelphia. 

The following Ordinance being Read and Considered, Viz't : 

" Whereas, Many persons, regarding only their private Inter- 
est by buying up and engrossing divers kinds of Merchandises, 
particularly provisions and necessaries for the Army, have greatly 
Raised the prices of Goods in general, to the manifest Injury of the 
public, and to the distress of the Soldiery : 

" And Whereas, The mode of Restraining & punishing engross- 
ers by the usual, course of Common law, is at this time of invasion 
in a great degree become impracticable, and is withal too slow 
and uncertain to prevent such Enormities, which if not Restrained 
and corrected must weaken and Ruin our efforts against the enemy : 

Be it there/ore Ordained, and it is hereby Ordained by the 
Council of Safety of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, That 
if any person within this state shall buy up, engross, forestal, or 
get into his or her hands, Bar-Iron, Leather, Salt, wheat, Cattle or 
ether Merchandise, or Vitual, in greater quantities than such per- 
son shall make to appear, to be proper and suitable for his or her 
own need and supply, and shall be thereof convicted, in the manner 
herein after directed, every such Person shall for the first Offence, 
forfeit all the Goods, Merchandise and Vitual so engrossed as afore- 
said ; and for the second offence, over and above* like forfeiture, shall 
be imprisoned, without bail and Mainprize, for the space of three 
months ; and for the third offence, besides like forfeiture and im- 
prisonment, shall be adjudged to stand, and shall stand in the Pil- 
lory, and forfeit all his or her Goods, as by Common and Statute 
Law is directed : 

" Provided always, That Millers purchasing wheat, and G-raziers 
purchasing lean Cattle, and other persons buying goods for the 
purposes of their trade and occupations only, shall not be consider- 
ed as engrossers or forestallers j so as such dealers sell not again 
the same goods unmanufactured or unimproved by art. 
VOL. xi. — 22. 



338 MINUTES OF THE 

M And be it further ordained, That if any person or persons shall 
offend in the premises, it shall and may be lawful for the President 
or Vice President, and two Members of the Executive Council, or 
for any three justices of the peace for any County, to inquire con- 
cerning the same, and thereof to hear and determine, and for that 
purpose arrest the accused, and to seize and secure the goods by 
him or her engrossed or bought up, and to summon a Grand Jury, 
and if the party accused shall traverse the Indictment, to award a 
petty Jury, and upon their Verdict to adjudge and execute, accord- 
ing to the law of the land and this Act. 

" By Order of the Council of Safety." 



In Council of Safety. 

Lancaster, November 7th, 1777. 

"Whereas, the great quantities of Whiskey made and consumed 
in this Commonwealth, and the enormous price at which it is sold, 
is attended with many inconveniencies and dangers, more especially 
that of Raising the price of bread Corn, and if not prevented, of 
creating a scarcity of that most necessary article: 

a Be it therefore Ordained, and it is hereby ordained by the 
Council of Safety of the Commonwealth of Pennnsylvania, That 
from and after the first day of December next following, no person 
or persons whatsoever, other than guttlers in Camp, licensed and 
appointed According to the Articles of War, shall presume to take 
or Receive greater or higher prices than at the Rate of eight Shil- 
lings and Sixpence, Pennsylvania Currency, by the Gallon, includ- 
ing a sufficient Cask, for any Spirituous Liquors distilled from grain 
or fruit, commonly called Whiskey, of Merchantable strength and 
proof, upon pain of forfeiting the double value of the spirituous 
liquors so sold for the first offence, and of treble Value for the 
Second and every other Offence, to be Received and Recovered 
by an action of debt, to the use of the informer, before one Justice 
of the peace, or in any Court where debts of the like Value are 
Cognizable : 

" Provided always, and it is hereby Ordained by the Authority 
aforesaid, That this Ordinance, or any thing herein contained, shall 
not extend to the price of Spirituous liquors sold in small quanti- 
ties of less than one quart by Retailers of liquor, licensed accord- 
ing to law, the prices of which shall be Regulated by the Justices 
in Sessions, according to the laws heretofore used or appointed : 

" And be it further Ordained by the Authority aforesaid, That if 
any person or persons shall deliver, sell, Offer to sell, or expose to 
sale, any such spirituous liquors as hereinbefore described, which 
shall not be of proper Merchantable strength and goodness, all per- 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 339 

sons selling or exposing to sale any such adulterated and unmer- 
chantable Spirituous liquors, shall be liable to a forfeiture of eight 
Shillings and sixpence, like Money, for every Gallon of such liquors 
so delivered, sold, offered or exposed to sale; the same to be Recov 
ered of the oifender, to the use of the informer, by action of debt, 
in like manner as hereinbefore is directed. 

"By Order of the Council of Safety." 
On Motion, agreed, That the foregoing ordinances be passed and 
published immediately. 



In Council of Safety. 

Saturday Nov'r 8th, 1777.. 
Present as yesterday, & also James Smith, Esq'r. 
Ordered, That the persons hereinafter named, in the Respective 
Counties, be authorized and Required to collect without delay, from 
such of the Inhabitants of the said Respective counties as have 
not taken the Oath of Allegiance and Abjuration, or who have»m 
aided or assisted the enemy, arms and accoutrements, blaokets, Wol ■ 
len & Linsey Woolsey Cloth, Linnen, shoes and stockings, for the 
Army : that they Appraise the same when taken, according to their 
quality, allowing at the following rates, Vizt : For a New single 
blanket "'three pounds, and in proportion for inferior kinds: For 
strong, large, well made shoes, twenty -five shillings p Pair : For 
good yarn stockings twenty-two shillings and six pence p pair : 
For good, well manufactured Cloth, f wide, 30 shillings p yard : 
For good Linsey Woolsey, yarde wide, 15 shillings per yard : For 
good y'd wide linnen, for soldiers' shirts, (about an 800) 

15 shillings p yard : For good tow linnen 8 shillings p yard ; And 
that the same be delivered, when so taken, to the Clothier General 
or his Agent, with whom they are to Correspond in the discharge 
of this business. Also, that the Commissionors be allowed for 
every day which they shall be employed in this business, the sum 
of twenty shillings p day, each. 

For the County of Chester. 

Col. Evan Evans, Capt'n John Gardiner, 

Philip Scott, Esq'r, Samuel Holliday, 

Elijah McClenaghan, Col'l Wm. Evans, 

Capt'n John Ramsay, Capt'n Israel Whellan, 

Patterson Bell, Esq'r, John Wilson, 

Thomas Boyd, Esq'r, Capt'n Sam'l Vanleer, 

Capt'n Benj'n Wallace, Thomas Levis, Esq'r, 

William Gibbons, Capt'n Wm. Brookes, 

Col'l George Pierce, Capt'n David Coupland, 

Capt'n McCay (Concord), Col'l Thomas Taylor, 

Major Cromwell Pieroe, Capt'n Allen Cuningham 



340 MINUTES OF THE 

For the County of Bucks. 
Joseph Mcllvaine, Nicholas Patterson, 

John Lacey, Junior, John Vanhorn, (Solebury,) 

Richard Gibbs, James Benezet, 

Samuel Smith, Hugh Adams, 

John Crawford, William McHenry. 

For the County of Lancaster. 
Bartram Galbraith, David Watson, 

Christopher Coucher,(of Lebanon, )Stephen Hornberger, 
Richard Fence, Col'l Sam'l Jones, 

Capt'n Robert Craig, James Watson, 

Col'l Cowden, John Jordan, 

Christ' r Franciscus, Lodwick Shell. 

Col'l John Rogers, 

For the County of York. 
Joseph Donaldson, John Nesbitt, 

George Erwin, Henry Cotton, 

Thomas Stockton, Jacob Staley, 

Frederick Gelwix, John Andrew, 

Thomas Weems, Robert Smith. * 

For the County of Cumberland. 

J.ohn Boggs, Samuel Williamson, 

Abraham Smith, James Purdy, 

John Andrew, William Blair. 
William McClure, 

For the County of Berks. 

Henry Christ, Nathan Lewis, 

Henry Haller, John Lower, 

Thomas Parry, Godfried Ream, 

Daniel Utree, Jacob Seltzer, 

Philip Millar, Nich's Shaffer. 

For the County of Northampton. 

Thomas Sellman, John Cambers, 

Rob't Lattimore, Peter Trexler, sen'r, 

Nich's Karn, Peter Koller, 

Abram. Arndt, Jacob Woods. 
Henry Alless, 

For the County of Philadelphia. o 

Matthew Sheuffley, Andrew Knox, c 

Dan'l Heister, jun'r, John Hamilton, (Plymotb,) 

Col'l John Moore, John Wendtz, Jun'r, 

Major Wright, Philip Markley, 
William Antis, and 

Samuel Dewees, John Brookes. * 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. ZU 

In Council of Safety, 

Monday Nov'r 10th, 1777. 
Present as yesterday (except James Smith, Absent). 



In Council of Safety, 

Tuesday Novem'r 11th, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Excellency the President, Hon'ble Vice President, Colonel 
Morgan, Colonel Hart, Mr. Bailey, Mr. Hoge, Mr. Sergeant, Mr- 
Henry, Colonel Bayard, and Mr. Rittenhouse. 

Orderedj That the Justices of the peace of this State, who shall 
attend on the days of Appeal appointed by the Lieutenants of the 
Counties respectively, shall be allowed and paid by the Lieutenant 
of the County Twenty shillings p. day for every day they shall at- 
tend such Appeals. 



In Council of Safety. 

Wednesday Nov'r 12th, 1777. 
Present as Yesterday. 



In Council of Safety. 

Thursday Novem'r 13th, 1777. 
Present as Yesterday. 

George Ross, Junior, Dep. Qu'r M., applied to Council for assis- 
tance in procuring about one hundred Waggons, which are now very 
pressingly demanded of him for the purpose of supplying the Army 
with Provisions; thereupon, 

Ordered, That a Warrant be issued commanding the assistance 
of all Civil Officers to be aiding and assisting in providing and pro- 
curing the said Waggons out of the following Townships, to wit . 
Earl township, 12 ; Carnarvon, 15; Cocalico, 8; Strassburg, 10; 
Leacock, 8 ; Warwick, 8 ; Manheim, 10 ; Rapho, 10 ; Hempfield, 9 
— Ninety Waggons. 



342 MINUTES OF THE 

It being represented to Council, that John James, of the City of 
Philadelphia, hath been of late employed and sent out of the City 
by the Enemy, upon designs which are inimical to these United 
States; thereupon, 

Ordered, That the good people of this Commonwealth, as well 
officers Civil and Military as others, do exert themselves to seize 
and apprehend the said John James, and bring him before this 
Council, that he may be dealt with according as to Right and Jus- 
tice Appertains. 



Council of Safety met. 

Friday November 14th, 17' 



In Council of Safety. 

Saturday November 15th, 1777. 
Present as Yesterday. 
Ordered, That Ferguson Mcllvaine be appointed Waggon Mas- 
ter of the County of Lancaster, and he is authorized and directed 
to jaominate and appoint a suitable number of Deputies to make out 
a list of the Waggons in the said County. 



In Council of Safety. 

Sunday November 16th, 1777. 
present : 

Hon'ble Vice President, Mr. Bayard, Mr. Rittenhouse, Mr. Ser- 
jeant, Dr. Gardner, Colo; Hart, Mr. Baily, Mr. Hambright, and 
Mr. Urie. 

The Council took into consideration the representations made by 
the Inhabitants of the County of Westmoreland, Respecting the in- 
cursion made into that county by the Indians ; and after some time 
spent in deliberation thereon ; agreed, That it be referred for further 
consideration, as it appears that General Hand has taken the most 
proper measures for defending the frontiers to the Westward. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. S43 



In Council of Safety. 

Monday November the 17th, 1777. 

PRESENT *. 

Mr. Vice President, Mr. Bayard, Mr. Serjeant, Doctor Gardiner, 
Mr. Marshall, (the first time,) Mr. Arndt, Mr. Urie, and Mr. Ham- 
bright. Also, Mr. Baley. 



In Council of Safety. 

Tuesday November the 18th, 1777. 

Present as yesterday, and Mr. Rittenhouse. 

Application being made again by Major Ross for a further num- 
ber of Waggons to remove stores, &c. 

Ordered, That .-a Warrant be issued commanding the assistance 
of the civil officers to be aiding and assisting in procuring the said 
waggons out of the following Townships, Vizt: — Manheim, 7; 
Hempfield, 10; Manor, 10 j Connestogo, 5; Lampeter, 8 ; Mar- 
tick, 5; Sadsbury, 12; Denny, 6; London Derry, 6 j Donegal, 6; 
Mountjoy, 6 ; Salisbury, 10 — 91. 



In Council of Safety* 

November 19, 1777. 

Present as yesterday \ also, Mr. Whitehill, Mr. President, and 
Mr. Rittenhouse. 

Ordered, That Mr. Bayard^, Mr. Urie, and Mr. Smith, be a 
Committee to confer with the delegates of this State in Congress, 
on the subject of the Indian depredations on the frontiers. 

Application being made by Colonel Davis for a number of Wag- 
gons to remove stores, &c, 

Ordered, That a warrant be issued, commanding the assistance 
of the civil officers in the counties of Cumberland and York to be 
aiding and assisting in procuring the said Waggons out of the fol- 
lowing Townships, Vizt : 

County of York — Mananghan, 2 j Warrington, 6 j Huntingdon, 
6; Reading, 6; Dover, 3; Newberry, 6; Manchester, 6; Hal- 
lam, 4 ; Yorktownship, 4 ; Yorktown, 2 ; Hopewell, 2 ; Chance- 
ford, 2; Fawn, 4; Shrewsberry, 4; Windsor, 6; Codorus, 6; 
Heidleberg, 6 ; Germany, 6 ; Paradise 6 ; Berwick, 4 ; Mount- 
joy, 3 j Mountpleasant, 3; Stra-ban, 3; Tyrone, 4 j Manallin, 3 ; 
Cumberland, 3 ) Hamiltooban, 3 ; Manheim, 5 — 118. 



344 MINUTES OF THE 

County of Cumberland. — East pennsborough, 12; Allen, 10; 
Middleton, 10 ; West pennsborough, 10 ; Newtown, 10 ; Hopewell, 
10; Lurgan, 10; Letterkenny, 10; Guilford, 10; Hamilton, 10; 
Peters, 12 ; Antrim, 12—126. 



^ In Council cf Safety. 

Thursday November 20th, 1777. 

Present his Excellency the President, Hon'ble Vice President, 
Colonel Morgan, Doctor Gardiner, Mr. Baily, Mr. Sergeant, Mr, 
Marshall, Mr. Orndt, Mr. Edgar, Mr. Hambright, Mr. Whitehill 

On the application of Mr. John Mease of the Troop of light 
Horse of the City of Philadelphia, that 3 Waggons may be em- 
ployed by him to Remove his household goods and effects from 
Trenton in New Jersey to Lancaster County in this State ; The 
Council, in consideration of his spirited services in said Troop, and 
other good grounds, grant him their protection in the use of said 
three Waggons as aforesaid, and do forbid the impressing of them. 

It appearing to Council that a certain Thomas Bulla (Son of 
Thomas Bulla) of Sadsbury Township, Chester County, has by 
writing endeavoured to discourage people from taking up arms in 
defence of this Country, and hath given false and injurious intelli- 
gence of Public affairs, and expressed the most violent enmity to 
the Cause of the United States, and the measures prosecuting by 
them ; Whereupon a warrant was issued to Apprehend the said 
Thomas Bulla, and bring him before this Council, to be dealt with 
according to Law. 



In Council of Safety. 

Friday November 21st, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Excellency the President, Hon'ble Vice President, Colonel 
Morgan, Doctor Gardiner, Mr. Bailey, Mr. Sergeant, Mr. Marshall, 
Mr. Orndt, Mr. Edgar, Mr. Hambright, Mr. Mackey, Mr. White- 
hill, Mr. Henry. 

The following Resolution of Congress, and order of the Board of 
War, was produced to Council by Mr. Henry : 

" In Congress, November 18th, 1777. 

<i Wherkas, Congress is informed that there is now in York- 
town a certain John Brown, who after the Enemy took possession 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 345 

of Philadelphia, came out of that City, as he says on private busi- 
ness, and obtained leave from our General to Pass into the Coun- 
try ; that after going through a part of this State he, the said John 
Brown, returned to Philadelphia, and is again come out without a 
Flag or pass from any General or other Officer in the service of 
the United States, pretending that he is charged with a Verbal 
message to Congress from General Howe : And WJiereas such con- 
duct administers Just grounds of Suspicion that he is employed by 
the Enemy for purposes inimical to these States : 

"Resolved, That the Board of War cause the said John Brown to 
be arrested and sent under guard to the Executive Council of 
Pennsylvania, to be dealt with as they in their Wisdom may deem 
fit and proper." • 

" Ordered j By the Board of War, in Virtue of the above Resolve 
of Congress, that the said John Brown be delivered to the care of 
and Custody of William Henry, Esquire, one of the Council of the 
said State, who is to Conduct the said John Brown to the Hon'ble 
the Council, at Lancaster, to bo dealt with agreeable to the said 
Resolution of Congress, 

"By Order of the Board, 

" PvIC HARD PETERS, Secretary.. 
" War Office, } 

York, Nov'r 19th, 1777." $ 

In Consequence of the foregoing resolution and order, the said 
John Brown was brought before Council, and after examination 
was committed to the common Jail of the County of Lancaster, for 
aiding & assisting the Enemies of this Commonwealth, and forming 
Combinations with them for betraying the United States into their 
hands. 

Ordered, That the examination of John Brown be inserted in 
the Minutes of the Council, and is as follows : 

The Examination of John Brown, late of Philadelphia : 

u Who saith, that he left the City on the 4th of November, in- 
stant, in consequence of the application of Mr. Thomas Willing, 
who shewed this Examinant a note from General Howe, requesting 
to see him, (Mr. Willing,) that Mr. Willing told this examinant 
that General Howe desired to accommodate the difference, and pre- 
vent the effusion of human blood ; that he and his brother had full 
power to treat with Congress, as Congress, or any Men they should 
Appoint, provided they would Rescind Independency; that he 
(General Howe) desired this to be made known to some Member 
of Congress, And Mr. Willing desired this Examinant to be the 
Messenger ; that he (General Howe) would put them in the same 
State they were in 1763, and give them more priviledges than they 
had ever Asked ; that he did not desire us to lay down Our Arm3 



316 MINUTES' OF THE ■ 

nor cease from our preparations 'till matters were accommodated ; 
that upon 6uch accommodation he would withdraw his Fleet and 
Army, and no Standing Army should be kept up in this Country; 
And that the paper Currency should be established : That some of 
these Articles, of which the last was one, were added upon Mr. Wil- 
ling' s Returning to General Howe, in Consequence of this Exami- 
nant' s hesitating to come out without them, upon which this Exami- 
nant undertook the business, aud engaged not to communicate his 
business to any person, until he should have first communicated it 
to some Member of Congress; that this Examinant passed the 
Schuylkill in consequence of a Passport from the Aid-de-Camp of 
General Howe; that he passed General Potter in the Evening 
without Communicating his business to him, or obtaining a pass 
from him, and travelled up to the house of Mr. Robert Morris, at 
Manheim, and there waited from Thursday eyefiing to Saturday 
Evening following, for the Arrival of Mr. Morris, And when he 
Arrived communicated the matter first of all to him ; that Mr. 
Morris then called in Mr. Duer, another Member of Congress, and 
these were the first persons to whom he revealed the business : 
And from Manheim he Returned toLancaster,when he was first called 
before this Council, and Bailed by Mr. Morris and Mr. Duer, to go 
to York, and that he has communicated this business hitherto only 
to Mr. Morris, Mr. Duer, and now to the Members of this Council; 
but that he understood the matter had been mentioned by Mr. 
Morris and Mr. Duer, or one of them, to other members of Con- 
gress at York, and was there freely spoken of; but this Examinant 
was not called before the Congress, and that this Examinant had no 
Writing, or flag, or public testimonial, Relative to this business, 
from General Howe, or others in Philadelphia, except what passed 
by Word of Mouth between him and Mr. Willing, as herein before 
is mentioned and set forth. And this Examinant further adds, 
that he recollects Mr. Willing told him that General Howe assured 
him (Mr. Willing) that Great Britain would never give way to the 
Independence of North America ; that more men would be out in 
the Spring, and they would Harrass our trade, so that we could not 
go on. Taken before me, 

" JOHN BROWN. 
"Tho. Wharton, Jun'r, President." 



In Council of Safety. 

Saturday Novem'r 22d, 1777. 

Present-, his Excellency the President, Hon'ble Vice President, 
Mr. Bailey, Colonel Morgan, Mr. Mackey, Mr. Orndt, Mr. Ed- 
gar, Mr. Serjeant, Mr. Marshall, Mr. Whitehill, Doctor Gardiner, 
Mr. Henry, Mr. Hambrigbt. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 347 

Ordered, That John Smith, a prisoner in the Jail of Lancaster, 
committed by Mr. Henry, for Seditious Speeches, &c, be discharged, 
he having testified Repentance, and the Justice being now satisfied 
that he may be set at liberty, on condition of his Marching to Camp 
with the Militia, as he offers to do. 



In Council of Safety. 

Monday Novem'r 24th, 1777. 

Present, his Excellency the President, Hon'ble Vice President, 
Mr.Mackey, Mr. Bailey, Mr. Urie, Col'l Morgan, Mr. Whitehill, 
Mr. Marshall, Col'l Bayard, Mr. Orndt, Doctor Gardiner, Mr. Ser- 
jeant. 

Ordered, That the Examination of John Brown, taken before 
this Council the 21st instant, be published, with remarks thereon, 
<fc That Mr. Vice President, and Mr. Serjeant be appointed to make 
a draft of Remarks for the consideration of Council. 

Ordered, That no person be admitted to converse with Jno. Brown, 
cow a prisoner confined in the Jail of thig County, without leave of 
some one Member of this Council. 



In Council of Safety, 

Tuesday Novem'r 25th, 1777. 

Present, his Excellency the President, Hon'ble Vice President, 
Mr. Orndt, Mr. Bayley, Mr. Mackey, Colonel Morgan, Mr. Urie, 
Mr. Bayard, Mr. Sergeant, Mr. Marshall, Mr. Hambright. 

Mr. Bayard and Mr. Urie, two of the Committee appointed 
19th instant, to confer with the Delegates of this State in Con- 
gress on the subject of the depredations of the Indians on the 
frontiers, having produced a Letter from the President in closing 
a Resolution of Congress, which were Referred to the Hon'ble 
House of Assembly for their Consideration, 

Ordered, That Ellis Pusey, Wm. Downing Gibbons, and 

Brown, do attend this Council at twelve 0' Clock this day. 

On application of Mr. William Harris that a Waggon which 
may be employed by him to Remove his effeets from Springfield, in 
Chester County, to Fredericktown, in Maryland, be not impressed, 

Ordered, That said Waggon be not impressed while in this State, 
and in the Pay of said Harris. 

Ordered, That Mr. Adam Kimmel be impowered to hire two 
Waggons for Public service^ or impress them if he find neces- 
sary. 



348 MINUTES OF THE 

Resolved, That Colonel William Dean, Dr. Archibald McClean, 
and Colonel George Smith, be added to the Commissioners ap- 
pointed for the County of Philadelphia by an Ordinance of this 
Council the 21st October last, for seizing and securing the personal 
Estates of such persons as have Joined the Enemies of the United 
States of America. 

The Committee appointed to made a draft of Remarks on the 
Examination of John Brown, Reported a draft, which was agreed 
to, and is as follows : 

" The base Artifices of Tyrants are not less dangerous than their 
Arms; of this truth, the present Contest is one among a thousand 
examples. The British leaders have proved themselves alike 
bloody & deceitful. The faith of publick Proclamations , and even 
the words and sacred honour of their Chiefs in person, most solemn- 
ly plighted to Individuals for the protection of their property, have 
been violated. The misserable wretches starving in the Jails of 
New York and Philadelphia, were tempted to enlist with the Ene- 
my by assurances that General Washington had Refused to 
Exchange them, when, in truth, General Howe had broke the 
Cortel which he had settled, and had eluded every offer he had 
afterwards made, as fast as they were Complied with on our part. 
But above all, the Repeated Attempts of our Enemies to seduce 
the people of this Country from their virtuous efforts by the false 
Ideas of peace and Reconciliation , which they never meant, are 
highly insidious and delusive. 

The last year General Sullivan, then a Captive, was sent by 
Lord and General Howe from Long Island to Philadelphia, with very 
plausible terms, but when a Committee of Congress waited on the 
British Commissioners, they Receded from everything they had 
told him. The opportunity, however, was very diligently, for the dou- 
ble purpose of blasting our negotiations in Europe, by Assurances to 
foreign Courts that the Quarrels was settled, and of striving to de- 
bauch the minds of the Americans with the pretence that Congress 
was Averse to peace y thus at the very instant that their Ernisariea 
were buzzing about in this Country, that Congress Refused to lis- 
ten Jo the most Reasonable terms of Accommodation, Lord Stor- 
moutwas very industriously pledging his honour to- the Court of 
France that the Treaty was far Advanced if not finally Ratified, 
No sooner was the World undeceived on this head, than the 
attempt was Renewed through the means of the unfortunate General 
Lee ; but still the Commissioners declined to pledge themselves for 
any thing. Nothing appears from them ; nothing in writing is 
sent forward, but the Commissioners were left at liberty to Retract 
;and deny everything as soon as they had answered the end of 
misleading the people here, and A-musing foreign nations. And 
now, lo : Mr. John Brown is employed to tell a Ridiculous tale of 
peace, and at the same time a large number of Emissaries are let 
loose to propagate the story through the State. Still nothing ap- 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 349 

pears in writing ; a mere Verbal talk from Mr. Willing, that he 
(Mr. Willing) had had a talk with General Howe. Were we a 
tribe of Savages, this talk would at least be accompanied with a 
belt of Wampum, but to us, not even the slightest token was vouch- 
safed. The sole word of John Brown is again to gull us into a 
sham treaty, which is again to be spread throughout Europe, to de- 
feat our most promising hopes from that Quarter, and again to de- 
ceive and mislead our own people, while his Excellency is again 
Ready to unsay all that he is pretended to have told Mr. Willing 
to tell John Brown, and to laugh at the mischief he has made. 
Friends and Countrymen, be not deceived. If Gen'l Howe has 
anything to propose to Congress, the way is oped to him thro' the 
usual Channels. He can send a flag of truce ; he can write ; he is 
under no necessity of sending out an obscure Body like a thief or 
a spy, to steal through our Camp, without passports, without Li- 
cence. He can send a flag of truce to desire General Washington 
to prevent the. cutting of boulting Cloths ; does the settling a 
treaty of peace require less ceremony ? No ; but a Message in 
writing by a flag of truce, is not so easily evaded. General Howe 
might be loth to deny his handwriting, tho' it seems, he has not 
hesitated to deny his word. France and Spain, are likely now to 
take a decisive part in our Quarrel ; a few months perseverance 
will establish our liberty and Independence for ever, if we are not 
false to ourselves ; if we are not driven to and fro, and deceived by 
every Idle Artifice of our perfidious enemies; trusting to Providence 
we may l^ok forward with confidence to the hope of being speedily 
and forever delivered from the perfidy and Tyranny of Britain ; 
from the bloody and Vindictive Malice of our cruel enemies. 



In Council of Safety. 

Wednesday Novem'r 26th, 1777. 

PRESENT I 

His Excellency the President, Mr. Mackey, Colonel Morgan, 
Mr. Hambright, Mr. Orndt, Mr. Urie, Colonel Hart, Mr. Bayard, 
Mr. Sergeant, Mr. Marshall, Mr. Jonathan B. Smith. 

It being Represented to Council, by Major George Ross, D. Q. 
Master General, that Jocob Stakes, Christian Bauchman, Peter 
Wetmer, Christian Hershey and Benjamin Miller, who were em- 
ployed with their Waggons in public service, have not performed 
their Agreement, 

Ordered, That the said Jacob Stakes, Christian Bauchman, 
Peter Wetmer, Christian Hershey and Benjamin Miller, appear 
before this Council to-morrow Morning, at Eleven O'Clock, to An- 
swer the complaint of Major Ross. 



350 MINUTES OF THE 

It being Represented to Council that Thomas Edwards, Manager 
of Colonel Grubb's Furnace, has gone into the field, 

Ordered, That Hugh Lusk, who is now employed as Manager at 
Grubb's furnace, in Casting Salt Pans for the making of Salt, be 
permitted to continue at the said furnace until the said Salt pans 
be completed, and that he then proceed to Camp. with all expedi- 
tion, and Serve out his tour in the field. 

Whereas, many Farmers and others inhabiting the Neighbour- 
hood of Lancaster, have been deterred from supplying the Inhabi- 
tants with Wood and provisions, through fear of having their 
Waggons impressed j therefore, 

Resolved, That no Waggons or Horses by which Wood or Pro- 
visions shall be brought to Market in the Borough of Lancaster, 
3hall be seized or liable to be impressed, coming to or going from 
Market. 



In Council of Safety. 

Thursday, Novem'r 27th, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Excellency the President, Mr. Mackey, Colonel Morgan, 
Mr. Hambright, Mr. Orndt, Mr. Urie, Colonel Hart, Mr. Bayard, 
Mr. Sergeant, Mr. Marshall, Mr. Jonathan B. Smith. 

Resolved, That the Lieutenant and Sub-Lieutenants of Bedford 
County be Authorized and impowered to Raise a Company of Men 
out of the Militia, to Guard the frontiers of said County, and Escort 
Provisions, &c. 



In Council of Safety. 

Friday Novem'r 28th, 1777, 

PRESENT : 

His Excellency the President, Mr. Hambright, Mr. Mackey, 
Mr. Orndt, Mr. Urie, Colonel Hart, Colo. Morgan, Mr. Serjeant, 
Mr. Marshall, Mr. Jonathan B. Smith. 

Council having been Repeatedly informed that the troops Raised 
by this State, are not so well Cloathed as the other troops in Camp, 

Resolved, That Colo. Bayard and James Young, Enquire, be di- 
rected to proceed to head Quarters, and confer with his Excellency 
General Washington on the subject; these Gentlemen are to notice 
as the great inducements to Council to interfere in this instance, 
the Reproaches brought on this State by the bad appearance and 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 351 

suffering of their troops, and the great discouragement to the Re- 
cruiting service. They are also to remind his Excellency that, 
by our order, a collection of Cloathing for the Army is now ma- 
king in this State, which they hope will be to a considerable effect, and 
that we have ordered it into the hands of the Clothier General's Dep- 
uty at Camp * But that under the informations Received, and the evil. 
consequences they apprehend therefrom to the service in general, the 
Council have thought it their duty to direct them to inquire par- 
ticularly into the Real circumstances of the Pennsylvania battalions 
with Respect to cloathing, and Report thereon to this Council ; And 
in the mean time to Represent to his Excellency the most earnest 
Request of Council, that as great a proportion of the Cloathing 
collected in this State for the Army as may consist with the Gene- 
ral Service, be Appropriated to the Battalions Raised therein. 
Council being also informed by a letter laid before them this Day 
by Commissary Magee, that the Army is in great danger of suffering 
for want of Flour, do further direct the said Colonel Bayard & 
James Young, Esquire, to make inquiry into that matter, and if they 
Sod a scarcity of that Article, or any other provisions, to Arise from 
any Circumstances in the power of the Council to prevent, that in. 
that case the said Gentlemen be vested with full power and Au- 
thority to take such measures as to them shall Appear to be necessary 
and effectual : & that they communicate this Resolution to his Ex- 
cellency, and in particular Recommend to his consideration the pro- 
priety of employing some of the Militia of this State to thresh out 
the Grain of such persons as Refuse to do it themselves. 



In Council of Safety. 

Saturday Novem'r 29th, 1777, 
present I 
His Excellency the President, Colo. Morgan, Colonel Hart, Mr - 
Urie, Mr. Mackey, Mr, Smith, Mr. Orndt, Mr. Marshall, Mr, Scott, 
Mr Sergeant, Mr, Hambright, Mr. Rittenhouse. 



352 MINUTES OF THE 

In Council of Safety. 

Monday Decem'r 1st, 1777. 

present : 
His Excellency the President, Colonel Hart, Mr. Sergeant, Mr, 
Smith, Mr. Marshall, Mr. Orndt, Mr. Urie, Mr. Scott, Mr. Henry 
On motion, 
Ordered, That a certain Doctor Shannon, who is known to have 
conducted the Enemy on their way to Philadelphia, be Arrested and 
sent under a Guard to this Council. 



In Council of Safety. 

Tuesday, December 2d, 1777. 
Present as Yesterday. 



In Council of Safety. 

Wednesday Decem'r 3d, 1777< 

PRESENT I 

His Excellency the President, Mr. Bailey, Colonel Hart, Colonel 
Morgan, Mr. Urie, Mr. Scott, Mr. Sergeant, Mr. Marshall, Mr. 
Henry. 



In Council of Safety. 

Thursday Decem'r 4th, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Excellency the President, Colonel Hart, Colonel Morgan. 
Mr. Bailey, Mr. Scott, Mr. Orndt, Mr. Urie, Mr. Smith, Mr. Mar- 
shall, Mr. Sergeant, Mr. Henry. 

Ordered, That the Commissioners appointed by an Ordinance of 
this Council of the eighth day of November last, to collect Arms, 
blankets and cloathing, he empowered to appoint Assistants, and to 
use force where it may be necessary; And all Officers, Civil and 
Military & others, are required and Commanded to Aid and Assist 
them in the execution of the premises, and the said Commissioners 
are empowered to allow Reasonable wages to their Assistants dur- 
ioer the time thev shall be so emDloved. 



COUNCIL OF SAFETY. 353 

The following proclamation of the Supreme Executive Council 
of Pennsylvania, for dissolving the Council of Safety, was omitted 
in the proceedings of the executive Council, and is found Among 
the proceedings of the Council of Safety. 

** By the Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of Penn- 
sylvania ',. 

"A PROCLAMATION. 

il Whereas, by an Act of the General Assembly of the Com- 
monwealth of Pennsylvania, made and passed at Lancaster, the 13th 
October, 1777, entitled "An Act for Constituting a Council of 
Safety, and vesting the same with the powers therein mentioned," 
It is Enacted that the Members of the Supreme Executive Council 
of this State, together with John Bayard, &c, should be constitu- 
ted a Council of Safety, with the powers and for the purposes in and 
by the said Act particularly mentioned and declared : And where- 
as, in and by the same Act of Assembly it is further enacted, that 
the Supreme Executive Council of this State might at any time dur- 
ing the powers and Authorities thereby granted by Proclamation or 
other publick Act, Renounce, determine and extinguish the same, 
and every part thereof; And that, thereupon, the said powers,& every 
of them, should cease and become void, and be no longer exercis- 
ed or enforced : And vjhereas, by the blessing of Heaven, the 
progress of the Enemy hath been Restrained, in so much that the 
Elections for Members of Assembly have in most parts of the Com- 
monwealth been Regularly held, and the Ordinary powers of Gov- 
ernment are at full and free liberty to proceed in their usual course, 
whereby the designs of the Legislature in framing the said Act are 
now at an end : We, therefore, the said Executive Council, do here- 
by make known to all persons whatsoever, that all and every the 
powers and Authorities by the said Act granted to the said Council 
of Safety, are extinguished and determined, and that the same and 
every part thereof, shall from henceforth cease and become void, and 
be no longer exercised or enforced. 

" Given at Lancaster this 6th day of December, 1777. 
M By Order of Council. 

"THO'S WHARTON, Presid't. 

u Attest— Tim'y Matlack, Sec'y." 



^ol. xi.— 22\ 



MINUTES 



OF THE 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL 



OF THIS 



COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA.. 



THE SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Saturday October 13, 1777, 

PRESENT : 

His Exceil'y THO'S WHARTON* jun'r, Esq'r, President, 

Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Jacob Morgan, Jonathan Hoge, &, ) *» , 

John Bailey, Joseph Hart* J J "^- 

Ordered, That John Morris, jun'r, Esq'r, be appointed & au- 
thorized to attend the next Courts of Quarter Sessions of the Peace 
for the Counties of York & Cumberland, & there prosecute in be- 
half of this Commonwealth. 

An order was drawn on David Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Major ¥/irtz, for the Sum of Fifty-five 
Pounds, for a Horse bought for an Express. 

Ordered, That Michael Immel be close confined until further 
orders from this Council* 

• An order was drawn on the Treasurer, in favor of James Old, 
Esq'r, for the Sum of One Thousand & five hundred Pounds, pay* 
able in Ten days from the date hereof, & to be charged to him. 



The Council Met 

Lancaster, Monday October 20, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Exceil'y, THOS. WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President, 

Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Jacob Morgan, Jonathan Hoee. & ? r« » 

John Bailey, & JEsqra. 

Capt. Joshua Williams attended the Council & complained that 
he had applied Will'm Lees, Esq'r,, of the County of York, & re- 
quested him to hear a complaint against Stephen Foulke, who was 
there arrested by Warrant, on information of his having concealed 
divers Deserters belonging to Capt. Williams, but that the said 
Will'm Lees, Esq'r, possitively refused to hear the said complaint, 



358 MINUTES OF THE 

<& permitted the said Steph'n Foulke to return home, & had also ini' 
prisoned Capt. Williams' evidence, on the the charge of his being a 
Deserter, as alledged by the said Steph'n Foulke. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
f.he State, in favor of Benja. Blyth, Esq'r, Sub-Lieutenant of the 
County of Cumberland, for the Sum of One thousand Pounds, to be 
charged to John Crothers, Esq'r, Lieutenant of the said County, it 
being for the purpose of Paying Substitutes & purchasing blankets, 
for which he is to account. 

Dan'l Levau, jun'r, Sheriff of the County of Berks, laid before 
the Council returns of the Election of the said County, & the re- 
turns are as follows, to Wit: For Representatives of the said 
County, James Reede, Adam Whitman, Benja. Spyker, Sebastian 

Levan, Dan'i Hunter, & BaltzerGehr Commissioner, John 

K.erlin ; Assessors, John Hartman, Mich'l Forree, John Robinson, 
John Egnar, George Kelchner, & Joseph Sands; Sheriffs, Dan'1 
Levan, jun'r, & John Rice; Coroners, Philip Kreamer, & James 
Whitehead. 

Ordered, That Dan'l Levan, jun'r, be appointed & commissioned 
to be Sheriff of the County of Berks. Dan'l Levan, jun'r, offers 
Isaac Levan, sen'r, & Isaac Levan, jun*r, as sureties for the faithful 
performance of the said Office, which is approved of. 



The Council met, 

Lancaster, Tuesday October 21, 177?. 
present t 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President* 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq*r, Vice President. 

Jacob Morgan, Jonathan Hoge, ) -™ > 

Joseph Hart, & J , . 

Abrara Morrow, Gun Smith, of the County of Cumberland, laid 
before the Council a Certificate relating to his having supplied a 
number of Arms for the use of the State. 

Ordered, That the Lieut, of the said County do attend to the 
cetling the said Morrow's accounts, & pay him the Money which shall 
appear to be due to him. 

Ordered, That the Lieut, of the County of Cumberland do set- 
tie with & Pay the inhabitants of that County for such Arms as 
they have furnished for the use of the Public & not returned to 
the Owners, & receive k keep such Arms for the use of the State. 

Ordered, That a Captain's Commission be made out for Mr. Joshua 
Williams, agreeable to encouragement given him August 28 last,, 
;:nd That a Lieutenant's Commission be made out to Mr. Alxa. 
Ramsay* as Lieutenant of the said Company. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 85$ 

An order Was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Capt. Joshua Williams, for the Sum of Four 
hundred Dollars, to be charged to his account. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Colo. Hart, for three Pounds Ten Shillings^ 
for Seven days' Horse hire on Public Business. 

The Petition of John Swan wick, praying that the Cows, Oxen> 
Horses, & Negroes, seiz'd as the property of his Father* may be re- 
turned to his Mother's farm, she giving ample security that they 
shall not be moved from thence, &ca; & that such of his Father's 
papers as may relate to his transactions & connections in France,, 
England, &ca, & have no connections with politics or the present 
War, & that such other Articles as will on examination be found 
immediately requisite to his Mother's sustenance & farm, entering 
into like engagements as aforesaid, being read & considered j there- 
upon, 

Ordered, That the Prayer of the Petition be granted, on Security 
being given to the value of such Articles as the Petitioner of his 
friend may Choose to take into their hands, to be accounted for on 
demand. 



The Council Met. 

Lancaster, Wednesday October 22, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THOS. WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon, George Bryan. Esq'r, Vice President. 

Jacob Morgan, John Bailey, & \ ~ , 

Joseph Hart, Jonathan Hoge, j Asq rs ' 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Colo. Isaac Milchoir, for the Sum of One 
thousand Pounds, for which he is to account. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Thursday October 23, I???. 

PRESENT : 

Mis ExcellV THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Jacob Morgan, John Bailey, k ) v $ 

Joseph Hart, Jonathan H oge, $ f** rs * 

Ordered, That the following Classes of the Militia of this State 
be immediately called out, vias't i " Of Philadelphia County the 



360 MINUTES OF THE 

Seventh & Eight ; of Bucks County the Sixth & Seventh; of Chester 
County the Sixth & Seventh j of Lancaster County the sixth & se- 
venth j of York County the fourth & fifth j of Cumberland County, 
the third & fourth; of Berks County the Sixth & Seventh; of North- 
umberland County the third & fourth ; of Northampton County the 
fifth & sixth ; and that orders be sent to the several Lieutenants 
accordingly; The Eighth of Lancaster also ordered, & others ^condi- 
tionally." 



The Council cneL 

Lancaster, Friday October 24, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His ExceJl'y THO'S. WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Jacob Morgan, John Bailey, & ? ™ > 

Joseph Hart, Jonathan Hoge, 5 J 

Colo. Cheny & Colo. Gibbons, having written to the Council re- 
presenting Jonathan Hunter & George Hunter, who are now con- 
fined in the Goal of .this County on a Suspicion of their being un- 
friendly to this State & attached to the King of Great Britain, 
u representing them as illiterate Men, closely attached to their In- 
terest, never known to be active in Public Affairs," & that they 
" cannot suppose that they have done any thing to aid or abet the 
Enemy, but that the Reason of their going to Philadelphia was to 
obtain Pay for Cattle & Horses that the Enemy had taken from 
them," & that " they are considerable sufferers by the State also;" 
On consideration, 
Ordered, That Jonathan Hunter & Geo. Hunter, now Confined 
in the Goal of this County on a suspicion of their h iving supplied 
the Enemy with Provisions, be enlarged, on their producing Cer- 
tificates of their having taken the Oath or Affirmation of Allegiance 
to this State, as required by Law, and giving security in the Sum 
of five hundred Pounds for their good behaviour for oue year, & ap- 
pearance to answer, &ca, at such time & place as they shall be law- 
fully called upon, to answer the said charge against them. 









SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 361. 

The Council met. 

Lancaster., 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Jacob Morgan, John Bailey, & ? ™ , 

Joseph Hart, Jonathan Hoge, 5 ' 

Ordered, That Jacob Howell be sent to Red Bank with Money 
for the Navy Board from the Treasurer. 

Ordered, That Mr. Jacob S. Howell be authorized & empowered 
to borrow, if he finds it necessary for the immediate use of the 
Navy, any Sum of Money not exceeding Ten thousand Dollars, 
which this Council will Pay to the Lenders in a very short 
time. 

Ordered, That Commodore Hazel wood be authorised & em- 
powered to seize & take the necessary Provisions for the Fleet 
under his Command, where it may be found in this State, giving to 
the Owners Certificates for the same, which shall be paid for at 
rates hereafter to be fixed by this Council; And all Magistrates & 
Civil Officers are hereby required to aid & assist Commodore Hazel- 
wood herein. 



The Council met, 

Lancaster, Tuesday October 28, 1777, 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President.. 
Hon'ble G-eorgs Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Jacob Morgan, Jonathan Hoge, ) w t 

John Bailey, & ' \ M( * re ' 

An order was drawn on Bav'd Kitten house, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Colo. Clarke, Paymaster of the Militia of 
Ike County of Cumberland, for the Sum of One thousand One 
hundred & Sixty-three Pounds & nineteen Shillings, being the 
Amount of the Rations of Rum due to the first Class of Cumber- 
land Militia to the Twelfth instant, as signed by Q-en'l Potter. 

Whereas, John Temple, of the County of Chester, was some 
time ago taken up on suspicion of being an Enemy to the Cause of 
America, & Committed to the Goal of this County, but no mitti- 
mus has been sent to the Sheriff or Coaler to keep the said John 
Temple until he shall be further examined; thereupon, 



362 MINUTES OF THE 

Ordered, That a mittimus be now issued & sent to the Goaler, 
directing him safely to keep the said John Temple until he shall be 
further examined concerning the said charge. 

The Council having received information of the four Pound Bills 
of Credit of this State, now Current, have (by mistake of the 
Printer) on their backs the impression intended for the Bills of 
Credit of Forty Shillings, & that a Number of Bills of Credit of 
Forty Shillings have on their backs the impression intended for the 
backs of the Four Pound Bills; And as the continueing to circu- 
late the said Bills may be attended with many disadvantages to the 
State; therefore, 

Ordered, That a Proclamation be immediately issued requiring 
all persons possesed of Bills of Credit, so as aforesaid differing 
in the denomination on the back & front, to bring them in to 
the Treasurer, & receive from him the value expressed on the front 
of the said Bills, 



The Council met, 

Lancaster, Wednesday October 29, 1777. 
present : 
His ExcelFy THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r y President.. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Viee President. 

Jacob Morgan, Jonathan Hoge, > ™ , 

John Bailey, & ) ^ rs ' 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer ox 
the State, in favor of Mich'} Lindt, for repairing the Court House 
for the use of the Assembly & Council, for the Sum of ftve pounde 
tighteen shillings. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Thursday October 30, 1777- 

present : 

His ExcelFy THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, Present. 

.Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Yice President. 

Jacob Morgan, Jonathan Boge, > ™ , 

John Bail?y, & * } ^1 r * 

A. return of the General Election of the County of Bedford was- 
laid before the Board & read, by which it appears that the following 
Gentlemen were duly elected, to Wit ; 



0' 

SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 363 

Councell or— Thomas Urie. 

Representatives — Harman Husband, Chas. Cisna, Will' in Mc- 
Comb, John Burd, John^Stevenson, & John Stewert. 

Commissioner — James Martin. 

Assesors — Wm. Montgomery, Sam'l Moore, Tho's Ferguson, 
Jas. Little, Hugh Orlton, & Dan'l McConnell. 

Sheriffs— John Cessna & Francis Clugage. 

Coroners — Cornelius Aulay & John Moore. 
On Consideration, 

Ordered, That John Cessna be appointed Sheriff of the County 
of Bedford, & Gideon Richey, Abram Miley, Rob't Bradshaw, & 
Beynard Woolfe, being offered to this Council as surety for the 
said John Cessna, his performing the Duties of his Office faith- 
fully, according to Law. 

Ordered, That the said Gideon Richey, Abram Miley, Rob't 
Bradshaw, & Reynard Woolfe, or any two of them, be taken & ad- 
mitted as surety for the said John Cessna as Sheriff, according to 
Law. 

Ordered, That Cornelius Auley be appointed Coroner of the 
County of Bedford. 



The Council met, 

Lancaster, Friday October 31, 1777, 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Jasob Morgan, Jonathan Hoge, ) -™ , 

John Bailey, & ) 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
'the State, in favor of Stephen Sutton, for Eighteen Pounds fifteen 
Shillings, for his service for riding Express. 



, The Council met. 

Lancaster, Saturday Novem* 1, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S W T HARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Jacob Morgan, t Jonathan Hoge, > v , 

John Bailey, & 5 q ^ 

The Petition of divers Gunstockers, employed in the State 
Factory, praying an increase of their Wages, &ca, was read ; 



364 MINUTES OF THE 

Ordered, That Mr. Benja. Rittefchouse & Peter Deliaven take 

the Case of the Petitioners into their consideration, & allow them 

eueh reasonable Pay as the alteration of times shall appear to 

>cender just and necessary, they being fully competent to this 

business. 

Henry Dehuff, Esq'r, elected chief Burges of the Borough of 
Lancaster, appeared before the Council & took the Affirmations re- 
quired by Law to qualify him for the execution of the said 
Office. 



The Council met. 



Lancaster, Monday Novem. 3, 1777, 



PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President 



Jacob Morgan, Jonathan Hoge, ) ™ , 



re. 



John Bailey, & 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Mich'l Reinhart, for the Sum of Thirty-two 
Pounds & five Shillings, for riding Express. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Tuesday Novem.. 4, 1777 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y, THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
Jacob Morgan, John Hambright, & "J 

John Bailey, Jas. Edgar, lEsq're- 

Jonathan Hoge, J 

The Petitition of John Rice, a Prisoner, convicted of Felony, 
and adjudged to suffer Corporal Punishment & pay a fine of Thirty 
Pounds, was read ; in which Petition it is set forth, that the Pe- 
titioner had suffered the Corporal Punishment, but was unable to 
Pay the fine, & praying that he maybe enlarged; And Will'm 
Henry & Mich'l Hubley having recommended the said petitioner 
as an object of Charity, & informed the Council that ho is a 
Soldier belonging to one of the Maryland Battalions; there- 
upon, 

Ordered, That the Petitioner's fine be remitted, <& that he be 
delivered to an Officer of the Maryland Battalion to which he 
belongs. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 365 

The Council met. 

Lancaster, Wednesday Novem. 5, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

Hie Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President 

Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
Jacob Morgan, John Hambright, &~j 

John Bailey, Jas. Edgar, vEsq'rs. 

Jonathan Hoge, J 

Ordered, That Peter Dehaven deliver to Colo. Galbraith wh&£ 
Arms are now in his hands fit for service. 

The Hon'ble David Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of the State, 
laid before the Council an order drawn on him by Will'm Bradford, in 
favor of Colo. Bayard, for the Sum of Two hundred & fifty 
Pounds; 

Ordered, That the same be paid, & charged to the Navy Board 
of this State. 

The Returns of an Election for the County of Northampton be- 
ing now made & considered, by which it appears that the following 
Gentlemen were duly elected, to Wit : 

Councellor — Jacob Arndt. 

Representatives — Peter Burkholder, John Ralston, Simon Dries- 
back, John Vancampen, & Peter Rhodes. 

Sheriff — John Jennings. 

Coroner — Jesse Jones. 

Ordered, That John Jennings, Esq'r, elect, be appointed Sheriff 
for the County of Northampton, and John Jennings offers Dav'd 
Deshler and Philip Boehm, Jun'r, as sureties for the faithful per- 
formance of the Duties of his Office as Sheriff, & the same are 
approved. 

The Justices of the County of Cumberland having recommended 
George Stephenson, John Agnew & Capt. John Byers, as persons 
qualified to act as Clerks of the Peace of the said County, 

Ordered, That John Agnew, Esq'r, be appointed Clerk of the 
Peace of the County of Cumberland. 

Ordered, That Colo. Dyuykinck, now at Easton, be immediately 
brought Prisoner to this Borough, here to continue until Congress 
shall otherwise order. 



366 MINUTES OF THE 



The Council met. 



Lancaster, Thursday Novem. 6, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THOS. WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President- 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice-President. 
Jacob Morgan, John Hambright, & *) 

John Bailey, Ja's Edgar, V Esq'rs. 

Jonathan Hoge, ) 

Resolved, That Will'm Bradford be appointed Paymaster of the 
Pennsylvania State Navy. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of the Hon'ble Jonathan Hoge, Esq'r, for the 
Sum of Sixty-eight Pounds Two Shillings & six pence, for fifty- 
three days attendance in Council, & Mileage on forty-five Miles. 

Ordered, That Jacob Cauffman's waggons, said to be impressed 
while employed in bringing Wood to the Borough, be immediately 
discharged. 

Felix M'Carkey laid before the Council a receipt from William 
Henry, Esq'r, for Six hundred & thirty-eight Stand of Arms> 
brought by him from Bethlehem to be tried and repaired. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Friday Novem. 7, 177T. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, Jun'r, Esq'r, President 
John Bailey, John Hambright, & ? p » 

Jacob Morgan, Ja's Edgar, 5 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
this State, in favor of Colo. Clarke, Paymaster of the Militia of 
the County of Cumberland, for the Sum Two thousand Pounds, to 
be charged to the Paymaster of the State Militia. 

An order was drawn on Dav'cl Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Mr. Peter Dehaven, or his order, for the Sum 
of Five hundred Pounds, to be charged to his account. 

The Council taking into consideration the Election of the Coun- 
ty of Cumberland, by which it appears that the following Gentle- 
men were duly Elected, to Wit : 

Representatives — Will'm Duffield, Jas. M'Clean, Will'm Clark, 
James Brown, Rob't Whitehill & John Harris. 
Sheriffs — James Johnson & Will'm Brown. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 367 

Coroners — John Martin & Mathew Laird. 

Commissioner — John Andrew. 

Assessors — James Lyon, Will'm M'Clune, Will'm Finley, James 
M'Kee, James Laird, George Robinson, Mill. 

Ordered, That Jas. Johnston be appointed Sheriff, & John Mar- 
tin be appointed Coroner for said County of Cumberland, Sam' I 
Finley, John Boggs and Thomas Johnston, being offered by the 
said James Johnston sureties for his faithful discharge of the 
duties of the Office of Sheriff of the County of Cumberland, the 
same or any two of them, were approved by the Council. 

The Hon'ble James Edgar, Jacob Arndt & the Hon'ble John 
Hambright, Esq'r, took the Oaths required by the Constitution to 
qualify them respectively to act as Councellors, & took their Seats 
in Council accordingly. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Colo. Will'm Henry, Lieutenant of the City 
of Philadelphia, for the Sum of Two thousand Pounds, for the 
purpose of Paying Substitutes & purchasing Blankets, for which 
lie is to account. 



The Council met. 



Lancaster, Saturday Novem. 8, 1777. 



PRESENT : 

His ExcelFy THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Bailey, Jas. Edgar, & 1 

Jacob Morgan, Jacob Arndt, £■ Esq'rs. 

John Hambright, J 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Coio. Cunningham, or his order, for the Sum 
of Eighteen Pounds, for John Cruikshanks riding express. 

The Council taking into consideration the return of the Elections' 
for the County of Northumberland, viz : 

Councellor — John Hambright. 

Representatives — Sam'l Deal, Rob't Fruit, Jas. Murray, Will'm 
Irwin, Simon Hemrod k Rob't Fleming. 

Sheriffs — Jonathan Lodge & Peter Hosterman. 

Coroners — Jas. M'Mahan & Archibald Simpson. 

Ordered, That Jonathan Lodge be appointed Sheriff of the said 
Oounty of Northumberland, the following Gentlemen being men- 
tioned to Council as sureties for Jonathan Lodge, Esq'r, faithful 
f>erformance of the duties of the Office of Sheriff of the County of 
Northumberland, Viz : 



368 MINUTES OF THE 

Samuel Hunter,tRob't Martin, Laughlin M'Cartaey, John Simp- 
son, Archibald Simpson, John Morrow, WilFm Morrow, Tho's 
Hewitt, Walter Clark & John Lowdan, & the Council approve of 
them or any two of them. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer of the State, in favor of 
the Hon'ble John Bailey, Esq'r, for the Sum of One hundred & 
thirty-four Pounds eleven Shillings & Eight Pence, for One hun- 
dred & five days attendance, <fe Mileage for Eighty Miles. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer of the State in favor of 
Philip Marstiller, Esq'r, Paymaster of the Militia of this County, 
for the Sum of Two thousand five hundred Pounds, for which he 
is to account. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Monday Novem. 10, 1777. 

present : 
His Excell'y THOS. WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Bailey James Edgar, &~) 

Jacob Morgan, Jac. Arndt, v Esq'rs. 

John Ham bright, J 

Francis Bailey of this Borough being now appointed Coroner of 
the County of Lancaster, appeared & took the Affirmation required 
by law to qualify him to act in the said office. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Colo. Tho's Dorsey, Paymaster General of 
the Militia, for the Sum of Three thousand Pounds, for which he is 
to account. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Tuesday Novem. 11, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THOS. WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Bailey, Jas. Edgar, & ~) 

Jacob Morgan, Jac. Arndt, v Esq'rs. 

John Hambright, j 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Dan'l Evans, for the Sum of Thirty-Two 
Pounds & seven Shillings, for Iron work done by him for the State. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL., 368 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Wednesday Novem 12, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Exeell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Jacob Morgan, John Hambright, & > ™ , 

James Edgar, Jacob Arndt, 5 

The Hon'ble the Continental Congress, having recommended the 
setting apart Thursday the Eighteenth day of December next for 
Solemn thanksgiving & praise, & this Council having duly weighed 
the importance of this duty, do in the following words, recommend 
it to the people of this Commonwealth, Viz : 

"By the .Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of 
Pennsylvania : 

"A PROCLAMATION: 

u Whereas, The Hon'ble the Continental Congress have recom- 
mended in the following words, to Wit : 

" Forasmuch as it is the indispensable duty of all Men to adore 
the superintending Providence of Almighty God, to acknowledge 
with gratitude their obligations to him for benefits received, <& to 
implore such further obligations as they stand in need of; And it 
having pleased him in his abundant Mercy, not only to continue to 
us the inumerable blessings of his Common Providence, but also to 
smile upon us in the prosecution of a just & necessary War, for 
the defence & establishment of our unalienable rights & liberties, 
particularly in that he hath been pleased in so great a manner to 
prosper the means used for the support of our Troops, & to Crown 
our Arms with most signal success ; it is therefore, recommended to 
the Legislative or Executive Powers of these United States, to set 
apart Thursday the Eighteen day of December next, for Solemn 
thanksgiving & praise, that at one time & with one voice, the good, 
people may express the grateful feelings of their hearts, & conse- 
crate themselves to the service of their divine benefactor, & that 
together with their sincere acknowledgments and offerings, they 
may join the penitent confession of their manifold sins, whereby 
they had forfeited every favor, & their humble & earnest supplica- 
tion, that it may please God, through the merits of Jesus Christ,, 
mercifully to forgive & blot them out of his remembrance ; that it 
may please him graciously to afford his blessings on the Government 
of these States respectively & prosper the Councils of the whole * 
vol* xi.— 24, 



370 MINUTES OF THE 

to inspire our Commanders both by land & Sea, & all under them, 
with that wisdom & fortitude which may render, them fit instru- 
ments under the Providence of Almighty G-od, to secure for these 
States the greatest of all human blessings, independence & peace ; 
that it may please him to prosper the Trade & manufactures of the 
people, & the labor of the husbandman, that our land may yet yield 
its increase; To take Schools & Seminaries of Education, so neces- 
sary for Cultivating the principles of true liberty, virtue and 
piety, under his nurtering hand, & to prosper the means of Reli- 
gion, for the promotion & enlargement of that Kingdom which 
consisteth in righteousness, peace & joy, in the Holy Ghost. And 
it is further recommended, that Servile labor, & such recreations as, 
tho' at other times innocent, may be unbecoming the purpose of 
this appointment, may be omitted on so solemn an occasion. We 
therefore, do hereby call upon the good people of this Common- 
wealth, to set apart Thursday the Eighteenth day of Depember 
next, for the purpose of Solemn thanksgiving and praise. 
u By order of Council, 

« THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President 
" Attest — Timothy Matlack, Secretary. 

"GOD SAVE THE COMMONWEALTH." 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Thursday Novem. 13, 1777 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Jacob Morgan, John Hambright, & ? p > 

James Edgar, Jacob Arnt, $ ^ T& 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Colo. Rob't Smith, Ijieu't of the County pf 
Chester, for the Sum of Five hundred Pounds, for the purpose o. 
purchasing Blankets, &ca., for which he is to account, 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 371 

The Council met. 

Lancaster, Friday Novem. 14, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice-President. 

Jacob Morgan, Thomas Urie, & ? -p >' 

James Edgar, John Bailey, $ 

Ordered, That the Pay of the County Waggon Master, be 
Twenty-two Shillings & Six Pence 1$ Day, & the Pay of the 
Deputy Waggon Masters be Twenty Shillings % day for every day, 
in actual Specie. 

- Colo. Davis reports that John Temple, now a prisoner in the 
'Goal of this County, had given Security to appear & answer, &ca., 
at the Court of Quarter Sessions in the County of Chester, & that 
the said -Temple has took the Oath of Allegiance to the State. 
(Bond in Colo. Davis's hand.) 

Ordered, That John Temple, now in the Goal of this County, be 
Enlarged, he having taken the Oath of Allegiance & given Security 
for good behaviour, &c. Mr. Matt'w Irwin, Quarter-Master of Mi- 
litia, laid before the Council his proceedings in that office, & pro- 
posed that the Brigade Quarter- Master be allowed Major's Pay & 
Rations, they acting at the same time as Commissaries of Military 
Stores. 

On consideration, 

Ordered, That the Brigade Quarter-Masters, who act as Commis- 
saries of Military Stores in the Militia of this State, be allowed 
Major's pay & Rations. 

The Council taking into consideration the return of the Elec- 
tion for the County of York ; and thereupon, 

Ordered, That Will'm Rowan be appointed Sheriff of the County 
of York, & that Joseph Adlum be appointed Coroner of the said 
County of York. 

A Return of the General Election for the County of York is as 
follows, vizt : Councellor, James Edgar, Esq'r ; Representatives, 
Matthew Dill, James Dixon, John Agnew, John Orr, Mich'l Hahn 
& Dav'd Dunwoody; Sheriffs, Will'm Rowan & Will'm Scott; 
Coroners, Joseph Adlum & David Candler; Commissioner, Will'm 
Mitchell; Assessors, John Sample, Jacob Eichelberger, Thomas 
Lilly, Will'm Adams, Joseph Chambers & Lewis Williams. 

Tho's Urie, Councellor of the County of Bedford, appeared & 
took the Oaths required by the Constitution to Qualify him to act 
as Councellor, he swearing with an uplifted hand, and took his seat 
accordingly. . * 



372 MINUTES OF THE 

A return of the General Election for the County of Bucks was 
laid before the Board & read, by which it appears that the follow- 
ing Gentlemen were duly elected, to-Wit : Representatives, John 
Keller, Will'ra Cornel, Joseph Kirkbride, Arthur Watts, John 
Folwell & Matt'w Greer; Sheriffs, John Thompson & George 
Wall; Coroners, Benja, Fell & Rob't Ramsay; Commissioners, 
Jas Morgan ; Assessors, John Krewson, John Sample, Benja. 
Seigle, Tho's Folwell, Will'm Means & Joseph Thomas. 

Ordered, That John Thompson be appointed Sheriff of the 
County of Bucks, & that Benja. Fell be appointed Coroner of the 
said County of Bucks. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Saturday Novem. 15, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Jacob Morgan, Thomas Urie, & ] ™ , 

• James Edgar, John Bailey, J ^ S( * rs * 

Thomas Jordan being recommended by Gen'l Potter, as a suit- 
able person for Paymaster of the Militia of the County of Northum- 
berland ; thereupon, 

Ordered, That Thomas Jordan be appointed Paymaster of the 
Militia of the County of Northumberland. 

Ordered, That John Lacey be appointed one of the Justices of 
the Peace for the County of Bucks, in the room & stead of James 
Wallace, (deceased,) And that Andrew Long be appointed one of 
the Justices of the said County of Bucks, in addition to the num- 
ber of Justices already appointed for the same. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Monday Novem. 17, 1777 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Bailey, John Hambright, & ) ™ , 

Jacob Arndt, Thomas Urie, } ^ rs * 

It appearing to this Council, on the oath of Rob't Galbraith, 
jKsq'r, & Will'm Parker, Esq'r, that Thomas Smith, Esq'r, late 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 373 

Prothonotary of the County of Bedford, hath been duly required 
<& summoned by a demand in writing, to deliver up the Seals, 
Papers, Books & Records belonging to, or in use in the said Office, 
to the said Rob't Galbraith, who hath been appointed by this Coun- 
cil to the said Office, which demand the said Thomas Smith hath 
refused to comply with ; therefore, 

Ordered, That the said Thomas Smith, Esq'r, be Arrested & 
Confined in the Goal of the said County of Bedford, according to 
Law. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Tuesday, Novem. 18, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Bailey, John Hambright, & ? ™ » i 

Jacob Arndt, Thomas Urie, 5 

The Council taking into consideration the return of the Election 
for the County of Westmorland, vizt : 

A Return of the General Election for the County of Westmor- 
land, is as follows, vizt : % 

Councellor, Thomas Scott ; Representatives, James Smith, John 
Carmichael, Thomas Galbraith, Dav'd Sample, Christ'r Hays & 
John Shield, Esquires ; Sheriffs, Will'm Perry & John Giffen ; 
Coroners, Will'm Waddell & Sam'l Slone ; Assessors, James 
Moore, George Glenn, John Niesbit, Isaac Wilson, Thomas Ficher 
<fc James Beard ; Commissioner, George Reading. 

Ordered, That Will'm Perry be appointed Sheriff of the said 
County, <fe that Will'm Waddell be appointed Coroner of the said 
County of Westmorland. 

Will'm Perry now appointed Sheriff of the County of West- 
morland, offered John Perry & Charles Ferman, Esquires, of the 
Said Counties as Sureties, for his due performance of the said Offioe, 
which the Council approve of. 



m 



374 MINUTES OF THE 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Wednesday, Novem. 19, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Bailey, Jacob Morgan, > -^ , 

Jacob Arndt, & 5 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of James Davidson, Esq'r, for the Sum of Five 
hundred Pounds, to be applied for the use of the Salt Works, & for 
which he is to be accountable. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Capt. Thomas Dorsey, Paymaster of Militia, 
for the Sum of One Thousand Pounds, for which he is to account. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Peter Bollinger, for the Sum of Six Pounds 
& Eight Shillings, for services done the Council. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Thursday Novem. 20, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Jacob Morgan, John Bailey, & > ™ , 

Jacob Arnd, James Edgar, $ ™ 

James Reed & Rob't Whitehill, Esq'rs, waited on the Council & 
acquainted them the Assembly had made a House, & proposed to 
proceed to the Choice of a President & Vice President of the Coun- 
cil, at such time as should be convenient; whereupon the President 
proposed to-morrow forenoon, at 11 O'clock, as a proper time for 
Council to join the Assembly in said Business. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 375 

The Council Met. 

Lancaster, Friday Novem. 21, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Exeell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Jacob Morgan, John Hambright, ~) 

Jacob Arndt, James Edgar, & vEsq'rs. 

John Bailey, John Mackey, J 

John Mackey, Esq'r, Councellor Elect for the County of Ches- 
ter, attended in Council, & having taken the Oath required by the 
Constitution to qualify him for said Office, took his seat accord- 

His Excellency the President & the Members of Council, joined 
the House of Assembly, agreeable to the appointment of yesterday, 
in Electing a President & Vice President of the Supreme Executive 
Council of this Commonwealth for the ensuing Year. 

The Council being again apart, the President reports that Thom- 
Wharton, jun'r, Esq'r, was duly Elected President, & George Bry- 
an, Esq'r, Vice President, Accordingly. 

Will'm Rowon, Esq'r, appointed Sheriff of the County of York, 
offered John Finley & Matthew McCall of said County, as sureties 
for the due performance of said Office, which the Council approve of. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Saturday Novem. 22, 1777 

PRESENT : 

His Exeell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Bailey, Jacob Arndt, 

Jacob Morgan, James Edgar, k ^ Esq'rs. 

John Mackey, John Hambright, 



MMiM 



376 MINUTES OF THE 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Monday Novem. 24, 1777, 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Bailey, Jacob Arndt, & 1 

Jacob Morgan, Tho's Urie, lEsq'rs. 

John Mackey, J 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Henry Davis, for Three Pounds four Shillings 
& Eleven Pence, for two days riding express. 



The Council Met. 

Lancaster, Tuesday Novem. 25, 1777, 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President 
Hon'ble Gegrge Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
Jacob Arndt, Jacob Morgan, ) 

John Bailey, Thomas Urie, & v Esq'rs 

Jacob Mackey, John Hambright, ) 



The Council Met. 

Lancaster, Wednesday Novem. 2G, 1777 
present : 
His Exeell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John McKay, Jacob Arndt, 1 

Jacob Morgan, Thomas Urie, & I Esq'rs. 

John Hambright, Joseph Hart, J 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Colo. Tho's Dorsey, Paymaster General of the 
Militia, for the Sum of Two thousand Pounds, for which he is to 
scoount. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL,. 377 



The Council met. 



Lancaster, Thursday Novem. 27, 1777. 



PRESENT *. 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq r, President, 
Jacob Morgan, John Mackey, ~) 

Joseph Hart, Thomas Urie, & lEsq'rs. 

Jacob Arndt, John Hambright, J 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Colo. John 
Piper, Lieutenant of the County of Bedford, for the Sum of three 
hundred Pounds, for which he is to account. 

Application being made by Will'm Perry, Esq'r, Sheriff of West- 
moreland County, for the Loan of a Sum of Money to purchase Salt 
for the inhabitants of the said County, 

Resolved, That an order be drawn on the Treasurer for Five 
hundred Pounds for said purpose, provided John Shelds and John 
Carmioh^el be security that said Sum be paid into the hands of 
Archibald Lochry, Esq'r, Lieutenant of the said County, & that the 
Salt when purchased, be equally distributed among such of :the in- 
habitants of the County aforesaid, as have taken the Oath or Affir- 
mation of Allegiance to the State. 

Agreeable to the Foregoing Resolve, 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Will'm Perry, Esq'r, for Five hundred Pounds, 
to be charged to Arch'd Lockry, Esq'r, Lieut, of the County of 
Westmorland. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Friday Novem. 28, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
John Hambright, Thomas Urie, ") 

John Mackey, Joseph Hart, & l Esq'rs. 

Jacob Arndt, Jacob Morgan, J 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Capt. Tho's Dorsey, for the Sura of Four 
thousand Pounds, for which he is to account, 



378 MINUTES OF THE 



The Council met. 



Lancaster, Saturday Novem. 29, 1777. 

present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Jacob Morgan, John Hambright,"} 

Tho's Urie, Thomas Scott, & { Eg , 

Joseph Hart, Jacob Arndt, f ^ 

John Mackey, J 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Ja's Young, 
Esq'r, for the Sum of Eighty Pounds, to be charged to the said 
James Young, Esq'r, until it can be transfered. 

Thomas Scott, Esq'r, Councellor Elect for the County of West- 
morland, attended in Council, & having taken the Oath required 
by the Constitution of this State to qualify him to act in said Office, 
took his seat accordingly. 

John Thompson, Esq'r, appointed Sheriff of the County pf Bucks, 
& Benja. Fell, appointed Coroner of the said County; John Thompson 
offered Henry Wynkoop, Joseph Sackett, Esq'r, & Gradus Wyn- 
koop, Yeoman of this County, as sureties for the due performance 
of his Office as Sheriff, which the Council approve of. 

Council received from the Assembly an order, setting forth the 
appointment of George Stewart, Esq'r, to be Sub-Lieutenant of the 
County of Cumberland, of which the Council approve. 

Ordered, That a Commission be made out accordingly. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer, in 
favor of Mich'l Reinhart, for Twenty Two Pounds Ten Shillings, 
for te% days Riding Express. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Monday December 1, 1777. 

PRESENT ! 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Joseph Hart, Thomas Scott, & "J 

Jacob Arndt, John Hambright, y Esq'rs. 

Thomas Urie, J 



An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Thomas Dorsey, Esq'r, Pay Master General 
of the Militia, for the Sum of Four thousand Pounds, for which he 
is to account. 



SUPREEME XECUTIVE COUNCIL. 379 

His Excell'y Thomas Wharton, jun'r, Esq'r, President, laid be- 
fore the Council a Letter from Henry Laurens, Esq'r, President of 
Congress, inclosing a Copy of the Confederation, which is to be 
sent to the different States for their approbation ; and after being 
read, was referred to the Hon'ble House of Assembly for their con- 
sideration. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Mr. Peter Dehaven, for Five hundred Pounds, 
for which he is to account. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of John Burd, for furnishing Two hundred &; 
Sixty Two Rations, at One Shilling per Ration, to Colo. Piper's 
Battalion, of the second of January last, to be charged to Congress. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Wednesday Decern. 3, 1777. 

present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Joseph Hart, Jacob Morgan, ") 

Thomas Urie, Jacob Ardnt, & v Esq'rs. 

Thomas Scott, John Hambright. J 

Council received from the Assembly an order, setting forth the 
appointment of Tho's Urie, jun'r, & Will'm Halliday, jun'r, Esq'rs, 
of the County of Bedford, & Will'm Cochran, Esq'r, of the County 
of Westmorland, to be Sub-Lieutenants of the said Counties re- 
spectively. 

Ordered, That Commissions be made out for them accordingly. 

Ordered, That Will'm M. Henry & John Ball, Esq'rs, be ap- 
pointed Justices of the Peace for the County of Bucks. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster Thursday Decern. 4, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Joseph Hart, Thomas Scott, ") 

Jacob Morgan, Jacob Arndt, & I Esq'rs. 

John Bailey, Thomas Urie, J 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Capt. Joseph Potts, for One thousand Pounds, 



380 MINUTES OF THE 

to be charged to Colo. Smith, Lieutenant of the County of Chester, 
for the purpose of purchasing Blankets, Paying Substitutes, &ea,, 
for which Sura he is to account. ' 



The Council met.. 

Lancaster, Friday December 5, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President 
Joseph Hart, Thomas Scott, &") 

Jacob Morgan, Jacob Arndt. WEsq'rs. 

John Bailey, J 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Tho's Dorsey, Esq'r, Paymaster General of 
the Militia of the State of Pennsylvania, for the Sum of Four thou- 
sand Pounds, for which he is to account. 

It being represented to Council, by Will'm Henry, Esq'r, that 
the following Men can be usefully employed in making Arms for the 
use of the State, viz : Henry Gingerich, John Eberly, Christian 
Oberholtzer, Henry Myer, Caspar Halburn, Adam Deterer, Mich'l 
DeReiner, & George Radfang; it is therefore, 

Ordered, By the Executive Council that the above named Per- 
sons be excused from going 10 Camp, provided they continue in the 
employ, under the direction of the said Will'm Henry, Esq'r, upon 
such terms as he may think reasonable. 

Ordered, That John Jordan be appointed Waggon Master of 
the County of Lancaster, in the room of Ferdinand M'Elvain, and 
he is authorized & directed to nominate a suitable number of Depu- 
ties to make out a list of waggons in the said County, & to take or- 
der that the Waggons employed from time to time in the pub- 
lic service, perform their duty in their turn, & to proceed therein 
agreeable to such directions as he shall from time to time receive 
from this Council. 



1 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 38}. 

The Council met. 

Lancaster, Saturday Decern. 6, 1777. 

PRESENT ! 

His Exoell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 

Hon'ble G-eorge Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
\ Jacob Morgan, Trio's Scott, 1 

John Bailey, John Hambright. lEsq'rs. 

\ Jacob Arndt, J 

Upon representation of Mr. Adam Kimmel, that one of the Wag' 
^ons which he had impressed by virtue of a Warrant from this 
Council, has been rescued from him by Jacob Keller, George Adam 
Fiance, Dav'd Menser, Sam'LBowman& Henry Brental, in defiance 
of me said Warrant; thereupon, 

Ordered, That the Sheriff apprehend the said persons, & bring 
■thern before this Council, and that a warrant issue for that purpose. 
On motion, 

Ordered, That a Circular Letter be written to the Lieutenants 
•of the several Counties, to exert themselves in Collecting the Fines 
-due frQm Delinquents, & remit the same to the Treasurer, and 
likewise to send forward returns of all the Militia in the several 
Counties, who have from time to time turned out in the several 
Olasses. 

The Council took into consideration the Memorial of Benja. 
Wallace, Betting forth that his brother, Mich'l Wallace, had been 
f)ut uader\Guard, by order of Col. Boyd, of Pequea, & had been 
threatened\to be Marched to Camp for this reason, that he, Mich 'I 
Wallace hatt obtained a warrant for a substitute, in the said Colo. 
Boyd's Battalion, fqr abuse. 

Ordered, 'That the said Mich'l Wallace be discharged from his 
confinement. \ 



The Council met. 



Lancaster, Monday Decern 8, 1777. 
\ present i 

His Exoell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Jacob Morgan, John Hambright, "] 

John BaileJ, Jacob Arndt, & I Esq'rs. 

Thomas Scott, Thomas Urie, J 

His Exoell'y, the. President, laid before the Council a Letter 
from Henry Laurels, Esq'r, inclosing two Resolves of Congress, 



382 MINUTES OF THE 

one of them recommending it to the Legislatures of the several 
States to enact Laws for the Calling in the Old Bills of Credit, 
struck under the authority and sanction of the King of Great Bri- 
tain, & the other recommending to the Legislatures of this State 
to repeal the clause in the Militia Law which permits the hireing 
of substitutes.' 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Capt. Ja's Francis Moore, tor One hundred 
Pounds, in part of his Account, to be charged to Jacob S. Howell, 
to be by him charged to the Commanding Officer of the Regiment 
late of this State, and now Commanded by Colonel Stewart. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Tuesday Decern. 9, 1777. 
present : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Jacob Morgan, Thomas Urie, "J 

John Bailey, Jacob Arndt, & WEsq'rs. 

Thomas Scott, John Hambright, J 

By virtue of a Warrant issued by this board on the 6th instant,, 
Jacob Keller, George , Adam France, David Menser, Samuel 

Bowman & Henry Brintall, being Arrested, and a report made to 
Council, 

Ordered, That Jacob Keller be now brought before the Coun- 
cil, and it appearing by his own confession that he had, in contempt 
of the Warrant of this Council, taken several Horses from Adam 
Kimmel, which had been impressed by order of Council for Public 
Service, and George Adam France, Dav'd Menser, Sam\' Bowman 
& Henry Brental being now brought in, and it appearing by their 
own confession that the said George Adam France, DavM Menser y 
Sain'l Bowman & Henry Brental, were concerned with Jacob Kel- 
ler, in taking several Horses from Adam Kimmel, in contempt of a 
Warrant issued by this Council \ thereupon, 

Ordered, That the said Jacob Keller, George Adam France? 
Dav'd Menser, Sam'l Bowman & Henry Brental be committed to 
the common Goal of this County. 

Several letters from the County of Bedford, relating to the 
incursions made by the Indians, being now read and considered, 

Ordered. That the Lieutenants of the County of Bedford, & of 
the County of Westmorland, be authorized and directed to call out 
from time to time, such parts of the Militia of the said Counties as 
may be necessary for the immediate defence of the Inhabitants 
against the Indians, & to take such measures as may most effectu- 
ally cover the inhabitants while they are securing their grain, and 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 383 

it is recommended to the said Lieut's to confer & correspond with 
each other on this Subject as occasion may require, so as to act in 
conjunction, as far as may be, for the Public safety. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Wednesday Decern. 10, 1777. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 



Jacob Morgan, Tho's Urie, ") 

John Bailey, John Hambright, & I 

Jacob Arndt, Tho's Scott.- f 



Esq'rs. 
James Edgar, j 



Esq'] 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Thursday Decern. 11, 1777, 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
Jacob Arndt, Thomas Scott, 

John Edgar, Jacob Morgan, 

John Hambright, John Bailey. 

Thomas Urie, 

A Letter from Mr. Joseph Nourse, Deputy Secretary of the Board 
of War, inclosing several Resolves of Congress, Several Letters from 
Owen Jones, jun'r, to divers persons in Lancaster, & one from Mat- 
thias Slough to the said Owen Jones, jun'r, and the depositions of 
several persons relating to the conduct of the Quaker Prisoners at 
Winchester, k also a resolve of the Board of War for the removing 
the said Prisoners to Staunton, in the County of Augusta, in Vir- 
ginia. 

Ordered, That the same be laid before the Hon'ble House of 
Assembly. 

Ordered, That application be made to the Board of War for a 
number of Arms, to be repaired and put into the hands of the Mi- 
litia of the County of Bedford, for their immediate defence against 
the incursions of the Indians. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State^ in favor of the Hon'ble John Hambright, Esq'r, for the 



384 MINUTES OF THE 

Sura of Fifty-eight pounds eight shillings & nine pence, for forty- 
five attendance & half Mileage on one hundred & five miles, (he 
having removed his Family from his late dwelling to this Borough.) 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Friday, Decern. 12, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
Jacob Morgan, Jacob Arndt, ^) 

John Bailey, Thomas Scott, & I „ , 

James Edgar, John Hambright. [ ^ 

Tho's Urie, J 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of John Bayard, Esq'r, for the sum of Five 
thousand Pounds, to be charged to Will'm Henry, Esq'r, Lieutenant 
of the City of Philadelphia, being so much money advanced by John 
Philips & Co. to the said Will'm Henry, & by him assigned to the 
said Colo. John Bayard. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of George Boss, Esq'r, for Eleven Month's rent 
of an office for Public Papers, (according to an Agreement made 
with him by Will'm Parr, Esq'r, for the Sum of Thirty-Three 
Pounds. 



The Council met, 

Lancaster, Saturday Decern. 13, 1777, 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THOS. WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Bailey, Thomas Scott, & \ ^ , 

Thomas Edgar, Thomas Urie, j ^ 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Stephen Sutton, for the Sum of Thirty-six 
Pounds eighteen Shillings and nine Pence, for riding Express on 
Public business. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of John Tyler, (Gunsmith,) for the Sum of 
Two Hundred Pouuds, & ordered to be charged to Jacob S. Howell, 
to whom the said John Tyler (Gunsmith) is to be accountable. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 385 

Ordered, That Mr. John Tyler send what Rifles he has by him 
fit for service, immediately forward to this Borough, to the Council. 

The General Assembly of Representatives of the Freemen of 
Pennsylvania, sent into Council the following Certificate, vizt : 

a In General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, 
Wednesday Dec'r 10, 1777, P. M. 

" On motion, Resolved, That this House will now proceed, agrea- 
ble to the order of the day, to the Election of Delegates to 
serve this State in Congress for the ensuing year, every one of 
whom shall have forty Shillings for each days' service. 

u Whereupon, The said Election being made by Ballot, Doctor 
Benjamin Franklin, Rob't Morris, Dan'l Roberdeau, Jonath'n 
Bayard Smith, James Smith, Yorktown, Will'm Clinghan & Jo- 
seph Reed, Esq'rs, were Chosen. 

" Extract from the Minutes. 

"JOHN MORRIS, jun'r, Clerk of General Assembly.' 7 

Thereupon, Ordered, That a Certificate of the said Election and 
appointment bemade out, under the Seal of the Comonwealth, 
signed by his ExcelPy the President, & Attested by the Secretary. 



Esq'rs. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Monday Decern. 15, 1777. 

present: 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 

Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Edgar, Thomas Urie, & 

John Hambright, Thomas Scott, 

William Henry, Esq'r, informed the Council that very frequent 
applications had been made to him for Payment of Waggonhire, 
due to the inhabitants of this County for service done last Sum- 
mer; thereupon, 

Ordered, That application be made to Gen'l Mifflin, requesting 
that he will take immediate & effectual measures for the payment 
of the said Waggoners. 

The Petition of Jacob Keller & Peter Miller, on behalf of Ja- 
cob Keller, jun'r, Sam'l Bowman, Jacob Brindle, Dav'd Meinzer, 
George Adam Frantz, now prisoners in the Goal of this County, 
being read, & the Petitioners heard ; thereupon, 

Ordered, That Sam'l Bowman, David Meinzer, & George Adam 
Frantz, who appear to have been drawn in to aid & abet Jacob 
vol. xi. — 25. 



38G MINUTES OF THE 

Keller in forcibly taking away two Horses from Adam Kimmel, 
which were in the service of Council, thro' a deception, be dis- 
charged on taking & Subscribing the Oath or Affirmation of Alle- 
giance to the State, and that Jacob Keller, jun'r, & Jacob Brindle, 
on their taking & subscribing the Oath or Affirmation of Allegiance 
to the State, and giving Security for their good behaviour for one 
year, themselves each in the Sum of Four hundred Pounds, & one 
Sufficent Freeholder in the Sum of Two hundred Pounds, be en- 
larged. 

Colo. Bayard & Colo. Coats attended the Council in the name of 
the Hon'ble House of Assembly, requested a conference with 
Council, (either in the Assembly Room or in the Council Cham- 
ber, as the Council think fit,) on the situation of the State, with 
respect to the Continental Army going into Winter Quarters; 
thereupon, 

Agreed, That this Council will attend the House in the Assembly 
Room. 

The Conference with the Hon'ble House of General Assembly 
having been had, & it being unanimously agreed to remonstrate to 
Congress against the Army going into Cantonments, 

Ordered, That the Hon'ble Vice President & J\lr. Scott be ap- 
pointed to join with a Committee of the Hon'ble House of Gen- 
eral Assembly to draw up the said Remonstrance, to be laid before 
the Council & the House to-morrow morning. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Tuesday Decern. 16, 1777 

PRESENT I 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 

James Edgar, Tho's Urie, & > H , 

John Hambright, Tho's Scott. 5 ^ s( * rs * 

The Council taking into consideration the case of Doctor Shan- 
non, who has been arrested as a person unfriendly to the cause of 
America, and suspected as being dangerous to liberty ; thereupon, 

Ordered, That Doctor Shannon do give security for his appear- 
ance at this Board when called upon, to answer such Charge as may 
be brought against him, and in the mean time to be of good beha- 
viour, himself in the Sum of Two thousand Pounds, & one or 
more sufficient Freeholders in the Sum of One thousand Pounds. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 387 



The Council met. 



Lancaster, Wednesday Decern. 17, 1777. 



\ 



PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
Joseph Hart, John Hambright, & 

James Edgar, Tho's Scott. J.Esq'rs. 

Tho'sUrie, < 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of WilPm C. Bradford, Paymaster of the Penn- 
sylvania Fleet, for the Sum of Three Thousand Pounds, for which 
he is to account. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Will'in C. Bradford, for the Sum of Four 
thousand Pounds, to be delivered to Mr. Will'm Crispin, Commis- 
sary to the Pennsylvania Fleet, to be charged to the account of the 
said Will'm Crispin, for which he is to account. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of the Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice Presi- 
dent, for the Sum of Two hundred & Fifty Pounds additional Pay, 
voted to him in Assembly the 12th of October last, for half a year, 
ending the first day of September last. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Friday Decern. 19, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
Joseph Hart, James Edgar, ~) 

Jacob Morgan, Thomas Scott, & vEsq'rs. 

John Hambright, Thomas Urie, J 

Application being made to Council to fix the Pay of trfe Horse 
Men who entered into Service from Chester County, 

Ordered, That the Gentlemen who, instead of doing duty in the 
Foot Militia, have entered into the service as horsemen, be allowed 
over and besides the Pay of Militia, all the expences which they 
have actually paid for foreage, when it could not be supplied by the 
Commissary. 



MINUTES OF THE 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Saturday Decern. 20, 3777. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
Joseph Hart, Tho's Scott, & ) 

James Edgar, Jacob Morgan, }*Esq'r3. 

John Hambright, J 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Philip Mar- 
stiller, Paymaster of Militia for this County, for the Sum of Four 
thousand Pounds, for which he is to account. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Frederick Sneyder, for eighty five days at- 
tendance, and for riding express to Easton, & for sundry small ex- 
pences paid by him, for the Sum of One hundred Pounds Eight 
Shillings & Six Pence. 

The recommendation of the Justices of the Peace of the County 
of York of three persons as qualified to act as Clerk of the Peace, 
heing now read & considered; thereupon, 

Ordered, That Arch'd McClean, Esq'r, be appointed Clerk of the 
Peace for the County of York. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Monday Decern. 22, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Joseph Hart, Ewing, & ~\ 

Tho's Scott, John Hambright, v Esq'rs. 

James Edgar, ) 

The Council took into consideration the great inconveniences 
arising /rom the present irregular mode of providing Waggons for 
the Army. 






SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 389 



The Council met. 



Lancaster, Tuesday Decern. 23, 1777. 



PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 

Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
Joseph Hart, Tho's Urie, &~) 

James Edgar, Tho's Scott, lEsq'rs. 

John Hambright, J 

The Council resumed the consideration of the mode of supply- 
ing the Army with Waggons. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Peter Dehaven, for the Sum of Two hundred 
Pounds, for which he is to account. 

Council being informed that there is a quantity of Gun powder, 
Salt Petre, & Sulphur, belonging to either this State or to the 
Continent, which is at present in the hands of Tho's Himeburg, 
near the Yellow Springs, which appears to be insecure ; therefore, 

An order was given for the delivery of the same to the Hon'ble 
Tho's Urie, Esq'r, to be by him secured, and an order was also 
drawn directing Mr. Rob't Towers, to deliver to the said Tho's 
Urie such Public Stores as are now in his hands belonging either 
to the Continent or to this State. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Mr. Blaithwaite Jones, for the Sum of Two 
hundred Pounds, to be charged to Congress, in part Pay for his 
services in superintending the Works at Billingsport. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Wednesday Decern. 24, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S. WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Hambright, Thomas Scott, & ? p , 

James Edgar, Joseph Hart, $ ^ rS ' 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Adam Kimmel, for the Sum of Five hundred 
& Fifty Pounds Six Shillings & Eleven Pence, for Whiskey, & Car- 
riage of it to our Fleet. The following Representation to the Re- 
presentatives of the Freemen of the State of Pennsylvania being 



390 MINUTES OF THE 

read and agreed to, was sent to the Hon'ble House of General As- 
sembly now sitting, viz't: 

"In Council, Lancaster, Decern. 24, 1777. 

" To the Representatives of the Freemen of the Commonwealth of 
Pennsylvania: 

"The Council having found great inconvenience and mischief arise 
from the want of a Law for regulating Carriages employed in the 
Service of the Army ; That such Laws having been found proper & 
useful in former times, when Soldiers have been employed & Quar- 
tered in Pennsylvania, are become more necessary than ever, from 
the great extent & burden of that duty at present ■ That contrary 
to the Policy of free States, Quarter Masters, Commissaries, & 
other persons of Character, purely Military, have been left through 
necessity, to press Waggons & Horses, a practice big with mischief 
& oppression, such Officers regarding merely their own convenience 
& ease, & burdening chiefly the neighbourhood where they reside, 
& forcing into Service Carriages carrying in the Town food & fuel 
to the immediate distress of the inhabitants ; That Council have 
endeavoured to interpose their influence in extending the burden 
of this necessary duty to the People generally, but that want of au- 
thority to enforce their Rules by punishing offenders & restraining 
the Military Officers aforesaid, have undermined all their efforts, 
and must continue to do so, whereby the Waggon Service will be- 
come an intolerable grievance to many worthy Farmers, and will 
be performed with reluctance & insufficiency ; That the need of a 
better reward than Thirty Shillings P. Diem, for the service of a 
Team of four Horses & a Waggon, has been fully manifest to 
Council ; That they have represented to our Delegates in Congress 
that adequate Wages are essentially necessary to the performance 
of this important Service, & they have recommended that Forty- 
five Shillings or Fifty Shillings Per Diem be hereafter allowed; 
Council therefore, are of opinion that a Law on the Subject of Car- 
riages & Horses for Continental Service is indispensibly necessary, 
& if it should be considered as proper, Council will frame heads of 
a Bill for expediting the same. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Thursday Decern. 25, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble Geo. Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Joseph Hart, & Tho's Scott, Esq'rs. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 391 

The Council met. 

Lancaster, Friday Decern. 26, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Joseph Hart, John Hambright, ? -^ , 

Tho's Scott, & S q 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Saturday Decern. 27, 1777. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Joseph Hart, Esquire. 
An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Colo. Will'm Coats, Lieu't of the County of 
Philadelphia, for the Sum of One Thousand & five hundred Pounds, 
for which he is to account. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Will'm Scott, Esq'r, Paymaster of the Militia 
of the County of Bucks, for the Sum of Two thousand Pounds, to 
be charged to Thomas Dorsey, Esq'r, Paymaster of the State. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Monday Decern. 29, 1777. 

present : 
His Excll'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President/ 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Joseph Hart, Thomas Scott, ) ™ , 

John Hambright, & \ ^ TS ' 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of Marshall Edwards, Esq'r, Paymaster of Phila- 
delphia County Militia, for the Sum of One thousand Two hundred 
& fifty Pounds, to be charged to Tho's Dorsey, Esq'r, Paymaster 
of the Militia of the State. 



392 MINUTES OF THE 

Colo. Proctor represented to the Council that a considerable 
Sum of Money was due to the Militia of the County of Westmor- 
land, for services done by them, and that there is a necessity of a 
Sum of Money being sent into the said County to purchase Provi- 
sions for the Men now in service & that may be called into service 
against the Indians j thereupon, 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of John Proctor, Esq'r, Paymaster of the Militia 
of the County of Westmoreland, for the Sum of One thousand & 
five hundred Pounds, to be applied in Paying the said Militia, & to 
be charged to Thomas Dorsey, Esq'r, Paymaster of the State. 

An order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of John Proctor, Esq'r, for the Sum of Five 
hundred Pounds, to be by him delivered to Colo. Arch'd Lockry, 
Lieu't of the County of Westmorland, to procure Provisions for the 
Militia, & to be charged to the said Colo. Lockry. 

And an order was drawn on David Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer 
of the State, in favor of Wm. Holliday, for the Sum of Four hun- 
dred Pounds, to Pay for Provisions purchased to supply the Militia 
of Bedford County, & to continue the Supply, which Sum is to be 
charged to Colo. Piper, Lieu't of said County. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Tuesday Decern, 80, 1777, 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 



Esq'rs. 



Joseph Hart, Thomas Scott, 

John Hambright, & 
An order was drawn on the Treasurer of the State, in favor of 
Michael Reinhard, for the Sum of Thirteen Pounds & ten Shillings, 
for Riding Express. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL 393 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Wednesday Decern, 31, 1777= 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble Geoege Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Joseph Hart, Thomas Scott, & ? ™ > 

John Hambright, Thomas Urie, $ ^ 

On Monday last Mich'l Smith, Waggon Master, delivered to 
Council Nine Bales of Woollens & five small Bales of Shalloons, 
which had been Seized by Colo's Smith & Keiklein, of the County 
of Bucks, & sent forward for the purpose of Cloathing of Troops; . 
and an order was drawn on Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of 
the State, in favor of the said Mich'l Smith, for the Carriage of the 
said Goods, for the Suimof Ninety-four Pounds & ten Shillings, to 
be charged to account of Cloathing the Troops of this State. 

Ordered, That Capt. John Harrison be appointed to the Com- 
mand of the Dickinson Arm'd Boat, and that he be commissioned 
accordingly. 



The Council met. 

Thursday January 1, 1778. 

PRESENT I 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Joseph Hart, John Hambright, & ? ™ > 

Tho's Urie, John Bailey, $ q ™* 

Joseph Green, of the County of Northumberland, laid before the 
Council an Account of Expences in supplying the Militia of that 
County with Provisions, on an expedition up the West branch of 
Susquehanna River, to defend the frontiers against the Indians, 
Amounting to One thousand Four hundred & Sixty Six Pounds Se- 
ven Shillings & Six Pence, as he has stated it; but Council not 
having before them the vouchers necessary to support the said ac- 
count, & it appearing that a considerable Sum of Money will be 
wanted in that department, this account is ordered to be rendered 
to the Lieu't of the County; And an order was drawn on the Trea- 
surer, in favor of Joseph Green, for the Sum of One Thousand & 
Six hundred Pounds, to be by him paid into the hands of Samuel 
Hunter, Esq'r, Lieutenant of the said County, & to be charged to 
the said Hunter. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer, in favor of Jacob S. How- 
ell, for the Sum of One hundred Pounds, for which he is to ac- 
count. 



394 MINUTES OF THE 

Mr. Sam'l Caldwell rendered an account of the Expences paid 
by him & Mr. A. Nesbitt, in conducting the Quaker Prisoners to 
Reading, Amounting to One hundred & Fifty-Nine Pounds Three 
Shillings & four Pence ; And an order was drawn on the Treasurer, 
in favor of Mr. Sam'l Caldwell, for the Sum of Fifty-Nine Pounds 
Three Shillings & four Pence, balance of the aforesaid Account. 

Order dated yesterday. 

Mr. James Read & Colo. Clarke, a Committee of the Hon'ble 
House of General Assembly, attended in Council & laid before them 
the Petition of Forty-four respectable Persons of this County, pro- 
posing the calling out the whole strength of this State against the 
Enemy, and proposed a conference between the Council & General 
Assembly. 

Ordered, That John Brown be allowed the liberty of the. Goal, 
as other Prisoners usually are. 

The President & Council having attended in consultation with the 
General Assembly, & it being agreed that the proposal made in the 
above mentioned Petition be communicated to Congress, A Com- 
mitteee was appointed to draft a Letter to Congress for this pur- 
pose. 



The Council met. 

Friday January 2, 1778. 
present : 

His Excell'y THOS. WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Joseph Hart, John Hambright, <fc > p , 

Tho's Urie, John Bailey. $ T* rS# 

Letter to Congress, drafted by the Committee, was laid before the 
Council, approved & sent into the House of Assembly. 

An order was drawn on Peter Dehavan & George Fry, directing 
them to deliver to Colo. John Shields, of Westmorland County, 
Thirty-six Riffle Guns, or such number as are in their possession, to 
be delivered to Colo. Arch'd Lochry, Lieut, of the said County; 
and also an order was drawn on William Henry of this borough, 
for all the Riffles in his possession, to be delivered to Colo. Archi- 
bald Lochry, Lieut, of the said County. 

Ordered, That the. Board of War be requested to furnish Her- 
man Husband, Esq'r, with Two hundred Pounds of Powder & Six 
hundred Pounds of Lead, for the use of the Militia of Westmore- 
land County, in defending themselves against the Indians, and the 
like quantity for the use of the Militia of Bedford, for the said 
purpose. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer, in favor of Jacob S. 
Howell, for the Sum of Five hundred Pounds, for which he is to 
account. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 395 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Philip Boehm, 
Esq'r, Paymaster of the Militia of Northampton, for the Sum of 
One thousand and five hundred Pounds, for which he is to account. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Saturday January 3d, 1778. 
present: 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 

Joseph Hart, John Hambright, & ? i? cn v« 

Tho's Urie, John Bailey. 5 *" 

Mr. Anderson, Colo. Dill & Colo. Clarke attended in Council, & 
laid before them a Resolve of the Hon'ble House of General As- 
sembly, (dated December 29, 1777,) authorizing them to open the 
Loan Office Chest, &ca., thereupon requested the Key of the said 
Chest, which had been put into the hands of Colo. Hart; where- 
upon, Colo. Hart, with the concurrence of Council, delivered the 
Keys to the said Mr. Anderson, Colo. Dill & £)olo. Clarke. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Mr. Tolbert, 
for the Sum of Seven Pounds & ten Shillings, for riding express for 
General Armstrong. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Monday January 5, 1778. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Joseph Hart, John Hambright, & ") y , 

Thomas Urie, Thomas Scott. j " 

A Memorial from the Prisoners sent from Philadelphia to Win- 
chester in Virginia, was read. 

The Council having considered the State of the Militia now in 
the field, 

Ordered, That the Sixth & Seventh Classes of Militia of York 
County ; The Fifth & Sixth Classes of Militia of the County of 
Cumberland; and the Fifth Class of Militia of the County of North- 
umberland, be immediately sent to Head Quarters. 

Ordered, That Congress be informed that the Prisoners now at 
Winchester, are considered by this Council as the Prisoners of the 
United States, <fc that a considerable expence hath been paid by 
this State removeing them to Winchester. f 



390 MINUTES OF TEE 



The Council Met. 

Lancaster, Tuesday January 6, 1778, 

PRESENT I 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
Joseph Hart, Tho's Scott, & 

Tho's Urie, John Bailey. 

John Ham bright, 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Colo. Clark. 
Paymaster of Cumberland County, for the Sum of Six Thousand 
Pounds, to be charged to Thomas Dorsey, Esq'r, Paymaster of the 
State. 

Ordered, That the Lieutenant of the County of Cumberland, be 
directed to enquire for some Block Tin & Lead, which has been 
sent to Carlisle & lodged there, & procure One block of the Tin & 
a Pig of Lead, & send it to Council by the first opportunity. 



lEsq'rs. 



(.Esq'rs. 



The Council Met. 

Lancaster, Wednesday January 7, 1778 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Bailey, . John Hambright, & 

Tho's Urie, Tho's Scott. 

Jos. Hartley, 

Major Gen'l Armstrong attended in Council & conferred with 
them on the situation of our Army. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Maj. Gen'l 
Armstrong, for the sum of One hundred & Fifty Pounds, to be 
charged to account of Thomas Dorsey, Esq'r, Paymaster. 

Ordered, That Colo. Lacy, take the Command of the Militia of 
this State, which may be Stationed between Schuylkill & Delaware, 
until further orders. 

Ordered, That Colo. Kirkbride be directed to send out Thirty 
Light Horse, to be commanded by a Cornet, to do duty in the 
Camp under Colo. Lacy. Complaint being made that several 
Waggons had been impressed contrary to the assurance given by 
Council to the Farmers sending in Wood, Hay, &ca. to this- 
Borough, 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 397 

Ordered, That Colo. Hartley, the Commanding Officer now here, 
be directed to attend the Council this Afternoon : & Colo. Hartley 
attended, & being informed of the Complaint, assured the Council 
that he had not ordered the impressing of the Waggons above 
mentioned, & that he would immediately order them' to be dis- 
charged. 

Capt. Blewer laid before the Council a Receipt signed by Sam'l 
Smith, Lieut. Colo. & Commander of Fort Mifflin, for Two hun- 
dred & Twenty-four pair of Stockings, One hundred & Twelve pair 
of Shoes, One hundred & Ninety Shirts, k Twenty Coats, for the 
use of the Party under his Command in the said Garrison. 

Ordered, That the same be communicated to the Clothier Gene- 
ral, that he may charge the said Cloathing to the said Colo. Smith, 
& credit this State therewith. 

The Petition of Lambartus Scheline, Setting forth that he has 
been confined in the Goal of Berks County, on the common allow- 
ance, upwards of Two Years & Three Months, under sentence of 
Death for passing of false counterfeit Bills, in the form & simili- 
tude of the true genuine Bills, the Currency of Pennsylvania; that 
he is upwards of Seventy Years of Age, & that shortly after his 
confinement, thro' sickness and distress he has entirely lost his Eye- 
sight, & praying a discharge, &ca., now laid before the Council & 
read ; And after mature deliberation on his case, it was 

Ordered, That the said Lambertus Scheline be Pardoned & dis- 
charged from his confinement, on paying the costs of prosecution & 
Prison Fees. 

Mr. Joseph Carson, to whom the Goods lately brought from 
Bucks County belong, requested that he may be supplied with the 
Sum of Seven thousand Pounds in Loan Office Certificates, in part 
of the Amount of the said Goods ; & it appearing that there is a 
considerable sum of Money yet due on the last order of Congress 
on the Treasury in favor of this Council, & that the Sum required 
by Mr. Carson may be had at the Loan Office in Certificates, toward 
the Payment of the said order of Congress; whereupon, 

An order was drawn on the Treasur3r in favor of the said Jos. 
Carson, for the Sum of Seven Thousand Pounds, to be paid to him 
in Continental Loan Office Certificates & charged to him. 



MINUTES OF THE 



The Council met. 



Lancaster, Thursday January 8, 1778- 



present: 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
Joseph Hart, John Hambright, & 

John Bailey, Tho's Scott. 

Tho's Urie, 

The Council taking into consideration a return of Justices made 
by the Township of Munsey, in the County of Northumberland ; 
thereupon, 

Ordered, That Andrew Culbertson & Mordecai M'Kinney be 
appointed Justices of the Peace for the County of Northumberland, 
& their Commissions were dated this day. 



(►Esq'rs. 



lEsq'rs. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Friday January 9, 1778. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
Jos. Hart, John Ham bright, 

John Bailey, Tho's Scott, & 

Tho's Urie, Jac'b Arndt. 

The Council taking into consideration the appointing of a Wag- 
gon Master for the State, & Waggon Masters for the respective 
Counties, according to Law ; thereupon, 

Ordered, That James Young, Esq'r, be appointed Waggon Mas- 
ter of the State, & that the following persons be appointed Wag- 
gon Masters of their respective Counties : Philadelphia County, 
Colo. John Moore ; Chester County, Tho's Boyd, Esq'r; Bucks 
County, John Thompson, Esq'r ; Lancaster County, James Bayly; 
Berks County, Leonard Reed ; York County, Jos. Jefferys; Cum- 
berland County, Matt'w Gregg; Northampton County, Conrad 
Kuider ; Bedford County, John Cesna; Northumberland County, 

Jas. Mc- ; Westmoreland County, And'w Linn. 

The Council agreed unanimously, that there is a necessity of ap- 
pointing another Brigadier General ; And thereupon, being voted for 
by Ballot, John Lacey, jun., was elected by an unanimous vote to 
be Brigadier General. 

Ordered, That the seventh & Eight Classes of the Militia of the 
County of Northampton be called into the field. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 399 

The Council met. 

Lancaster, Saturday Jan'ry 10, 1778.. 

PRESENT I 

His Excell'y THOS. WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 

Hon'ble Geo. Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Joseph Hart, Jac'b Arndt, ") 

John Bailey, John Hambright, & v Esq'rs. 

Tho's Urie, Tho's Scott. ) 

Colo. Hart went this day for Newtown. 



The Council met, 

Lancaster, Monday January 12, 1778. 

present : 
The Hon'ble GEO. BRYAN, Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Bailey, Tho's Urie, & 



John Hambright, Tho's Scott. y Esq'rs. 

Jac'b Arndt, 



(.Esq'i 



The Council met. 



Lancaster, Tuesday January 13, 1773 



I Esq'rs. 



present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President, 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Bailey, Tho's Urie, & 

John Hambright, Tho's Scott. 

Jac. Arndt, 

Colo. Bull attended & hinted to Council that about five hundred 
Arms fit for service were sent to Colo. Antis', that Arms generally 
suffer in removing them from place to place, for want of Boxes 
to carry them in. 

Colo. Bull exhibited an account of Work done by him at Billings- 
port & Red Bank, Amounting to Four hundred & Sixty Seven 
Pounds j Three Pounds & of money received by him at several 
times, amounting to Two hundred & One Pounds Ten Shillings & 
five Pence, & it appears that a balance of Two hundred & Sixty 
five Pounds Twelve Shillings & Seven Pence, is due to him 
thereon, 



400 MINUTES OF THE 

An order was drawn on Jacob S. Howell for the Payment of the 
said Balance. 

Colo. Bull requesting that his pay as Colo. Commandant at Bil- 
lingsport & Bed Bank, from the time of his appointment to that 
Office on the 15th Feb'ry, 1777, to the i7th June, 1777, & from 
the last mentioned date to this day, as Adjutant General of the 
Militia of this State j on consideration, 

Ordered, That Colo. Bull be allowed " As Colo. Commandant " 
at Billingsport & Red Bunk : 

4 Mo. & 2 days, @ 85 Dollars ^ Mo., - - - - j ^F!' 

As Adjutant General of the Militia of Pennsylvania: 

6 Mo. & 26 days @ 100 Dollars f Mo., - - - I 6861 



1032* 



And orders were drawn on the Treasurer in favour of Colo. John 
Bull, for the said Sums of Three hundred & forty-five Dollars & 
Two-thirds of a Dollar, & Six hundred & Eighty-six Dollars & 
Two-thirds of a Dollar, both of them to be charged to the Pay- 
master of the Militia of this State. 

The Council taking into consideration the situation of our Mili- 
tia now in the Field, <fc the probability of what number may be 
called into the Field, were of opinion that an Adjutant General will 
not be necessary ; & therefore, 

Ordered, That Colo. Bull be informed, in the most respectful 
terms, that the Council are of opinion that his Services as Adju- 
tant General will not be any longer necessary ; & lest he should 
consider it as intended as a dismission of him from the service in 
consequence of some disapprobation of his conduct, that he be in- 
formed that it is not intended to appoint another Person in his 
room. 



The Council Met. 

Lancaster, Wednesday January 14, 1778. 

present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
John Bailey, ~) 
Jacob Arndt, v Esq'rs. 
Tho's Urie. ) 
An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Jacob S. How- 
ell, or his order, for the Sum of Four hundred Pounds, for which 
he is to account. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 401 

Capt. John Dav'd Woelper, of the German Battalion in Conti- 
nental Service, laid before the Council an Account of Four Pounds 
& Ten Shillings, paid by him for taking up four deserters, agreeable 
to the direction of an Act of General Assembly of this State, pas- 
sed Feb'ry 20, 1777 j On consideration, 

The Council ordered the same to be paid by the State Treasurer, 
& informed Capt. Woelper that they have granted this order from a 
desire of avoiding the discouragement of the taking up of Deser- 
ters, rather than from the justice of the claim, as they apprehend 
he ought to have reimbursed himself out of the pay of the Soldiers 
so taken up. 

Rob't Levers, Esq'r, of the County of Northampton, having had 
orders to send forward a quantity of Indigo to Boston to be sold 
there, & the Money laid out in Clothing for the Troops, & he now 
representing that it will be necessary to send a number of Wag- 
gons to bring the said Clothing back, more than will be necessary 
to carry the indigo there, 

Ordered That three hundred & Fifty Pounds be put into his 
hands to purchase Iron, & send by the said Waggons for the like 
purpose, & 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in his favour for the said 
Sum of Three hundred & Fifty Pounds, for which he is to ac- 
count. 

- Council having repeatedly had under their consideration the re- 
commendation of the Hon'ble House of General Assembly of the 
2d inst., respecting the Recruiting Men to complete one Quota of 
the Continental Army, & being fully satisfied that men qualified & 
willing to perform this business cannot be found, And that an at- 
tempt to carry into execution the plan therein recommended, would 
be attended with great inconvenience & loss of time, if not with 
fatal Consequences ; therefore, 

Resolved, That this Council will write to His Excell'y Gen'l 
Washington, lay before him the said recommendation, & request 
him to nominate two Officers, who he may think best qualified, in 
each Battalion of this State, to Recruit Men for the said Battalions, 
who shall repair to the different Counties of this State & attend 
immediately to this important duty, and acquaint His Excell'y that 
Council will deposit in the hands of the Lieutenant of the respec- 
tive Counties a Sum of Money to Pay the bounty ordered by the 
Honorable House of Assembly, to whom the said Officers may apply 
from time to time for the same, as they shall inlist men. 



vol. xi. — 26. 



402 MINUTES OF THE 

The Council met. 

Lancaster, Thursday Jan'ry 15, 1778. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, Jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Bailey, Thomas Urie, ") 

Jacob Morgan, John Hambright, & C Esq'rs. 

Thomas Scott, Jacob Arndt. ) 

Jacob Dingee & Rich'd Strode delivered the body of Charles 
Dingee, late of the County of Chester, to the order of this Coun- 
cil, agreeable to the condition of a Bond by them given, with 
Thos's Meeter, to his Excell'y the President, taken by Elias Bou- 
dinot, Esquire, Commissioner of Prisoners, when he was attempt- 
ing to go into Philadelphia while in the Possession of the Enemy, 
contrary to law ; And being there examined, & it appearing that he 
hath not taken the Oath or Affirmation of Allegiance directed by 
the Laws of this State, the same was read & tendered to him, and 
he being requested to withdraw & take time to consider of the 
same, withdrew accordingly, & after some time, voluntarily returned 
& declared he could not take the said Oath or Affirmation ; there- 
upon, 

Ordered, That the said Charles Dingee be committed to the 
Goal of this County, there to remain until he shall take the Oath 
or Affirmation aforesaid, <& give further security of his Allegiance 
by Two able & sufficient sureties, each bound in the Sum of Five 
hundred Pounds. 



The Council set. 

Lancaster, Friday January 16, 1778. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

John Bailey, Thomas Urie, ~\ 

Jacob Morgan, John Hambright, & I Esq'rs. 

Thomas Scott, Jacob Arndt. J 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Mr. John 
Hubley, for the Sum of Nine Pounds, for Money paid by him to 
an express sent by Council to Northumberland. 

The case of W'm Montgomery, now confined in the Goal in the 
County of York, being properly within the authority of the Jus- 
tices of that County, is referred to them. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 403 

The Council having had for some time past the State of the Salt 
works belonging to Pennsylvania, erected at Tom's River, & the 
necessity of an assistant Director, 

Ordered, That Mr. James Davidson be employed to assist in the 
direction of the said works, & an order was drawn on the Treasurer 
in favour of Mr. James Davidson, for One Thousand Pounds, to 
be applied in procuring necessaries for the Salt works, & for which 
tie is to account. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Monday January 19, 1778. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
Jacob Morgan, Tho's Urie. 

Jacob Arndt, Tho's Scott. J-Esq'rs, 



John Hambright, 



} 



The Council met. 



Lancaster, Tuesday January 20, 1778. 



PRESENT I 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Jacob Morgan, Thomas Urie & "1 

John Hambright, Thomas Scott. vEsq'rs. 

Jacob Arndt, J 



The Lieutenant of the County of Northumberland having re- 
presented that several inhabitants of that County had been lately 
killed by the Indians, and that there was reason to apprehend that 
a considerable body of them was now meditating a blow against 
the frontiers of the said County; thereupon, 

Ordered, That the Lieut, of the County of Northumberland 
use his best discretion with respect to the Class of Militia now 
called out, & apply such part thereof to the defence of the inhabi- 
tants as may appear to be necessary ; he giving this Council from 
time to time intelligence of his proceedings herein. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Peter Deha- 
ven, for the Sum of Five Hundred Pounds, for which he is to ac- 
count. 

James Dunn, a wounded Militia Man, applied to Council for re- 
lief $ thereupon, 



404 MINUTES OF THE 

Ordered, That Wm. Henry, Esq'r, Lieut, of Philadelphia, be 
requested to supply the said Dunn with such Money as appears to 
be necessary for him in his present Situation. 

Gen'l Fulsom & Mr. Danae, Members of Congress, two of the 
Committee appointed by that Hon'ble Body, to take into' conside- 
ration the proposed attack on the City of Philadelphia, attended in 
Council &, laid before them the following Resolve of Congress, to 
wit : 

" In Congress, January 16, 1778. 

" Resolved, That Congress highly applaud the rising spirit of the 
inhabitants of Pennsylvania to regain the Capital of their State 
and drive out our cruel invaders ; That Congress are ready & wil- 
ling, with all their power, toco-operate with them for effecting this 
Salutary purpose : That to this end the Committee appointed to go 
to the Camp, be directed to consult with the President & Council 
of the State of Pennsylvania, & with Gen'l Washington, on the 
Subject, & if upon consultation the measure shall be deemed prac- 
ticable, that they be fully empowered to call on the neighboring 
States for such aids as they shall think necessary, & take every 
measure which they shall think proper for effecting the end pro- 
posed. 

" Extract from the Minutes, 

" Signed CHA. THOMSON, Scc'y." 

The same was read & a free conference had thereupon. 

The Act entitled "An Act for the better Supply of the Armies 
of the United States of America/' was read, so far as it relates to 
the procuring Provisions, in order to shew the measures taken by 
this State for the said purpose, & the probability of supplying the 
Militia if called. 

Council taking into their consideration the Act last above men- 
tion'd, observe that there are no Commissioners appointed therein 
for the County of Berks, & being fully satisfied of the necessity 
of having Commissioners in the said County, for collecting & pur- 
chasing Provisions & forage therein for the Army j That the omit- 
ting to name in the Act Commissioners for the said County, was 
owing to a mistake in the Clerk ; and that very dangerous conse- 
quences may arise from the delay thereof until the next meeting 
of the General Assembly; thereupon, for the Public Safety & from 
the necessity of so doing, 

Ordered, That Colo. Valentine Eckhard & John Lasher, of the 
County of Berks, be & they are hereby appointed & authorized to 
act as Commissioners for purchasing Provisions & Forage for tho 
Army in the said County, & to use & exercise like powers & au- 
thorities as are given by the said Act to any of the Commissioners 
therein named, until the General Assembly shall otherwise order 
herein. 



( 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 405 



The Council Met. 

Lancaster, Wednesday January 21, 1778. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'yTHO'S WHARTON, Jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Jacob Morgan, Thomas Urie, & ^ 

John Ham bright, , Thomas Scott. J-Esq'rs. 

Jacob Arndt, J 

Jacob Morgan, Esq'r, went this afternoon for Reading. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Shriver, Sum- 
mers & Lasky, for the Sum of Two Thousand Pounds, towards the 
Amount of their Bill for supplying the Fleet, to be charged to 
Will'm Crispin, Commissary of Provisions for the said Fleet. 

The Council taking into consideration the return of Justices for 
the Township of Penn, in the County of Northumberland, 

Ordered, That BeDJa. Weiser be appointed & commissioned as 
a Justice of the Peace for the said County, & was accordingly Com- 
missioned, bearing date this day. 

A Petition from Mich'l Hubley, Esq'r, Barrack Master of the 
Borough of Lancaster, being read & considered, 

Ordered, That in consideration of the great increase of the duty 
in his department, the Pay & Rations of Mich'l Hubley, Esq'r, 
Barrack Master of the Borough of Lancaster, be equal to that of a 
Major; that he be allowed Forage for One Horse ; that he be al- 
lowed such assistance from time to time as may be necessary ; and 
that he be allowed Forage for a Horse from the day of his first ap- 
pointment as Barrack Master. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Thursday January 22 ; 1778. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Thomas Urie, John Hambright ; & 

Jacob Arndt, Thomas Scott. 



i Esq'rs. 



I Esq'rs. 



406 MINUTES OF THE 

The Council met. 
i 

Lancaster, Friday January 23, 1778. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Thomas Urie, John Hambright, & 

Jacob Arndt, Thomas Scott. 

The Council taking into consideration the case of John Brown, 
now confined in the Goal of this County, after very mature delibe- 
ration, 

Ordered, That John Brown, now confined in the Gaol of this 
County, be enlarged from his present confinement & be permitted 
to reside at the Town of Manheim, in the County of Lancaster, & 
within five Miles of the same, he giving Bail to be & appear at 
such Court within the State before which he shall be called, & 
answer such charges as shall be brought against him, within One 
Year from this day ; That he shall abide the Judgment of such 
Court; And that he shall in the meantime be of good behaviour, 
himself to be bound in the Sum of Three Thousand Pounds, & one 
Sufficient Freeholder in the like Sum. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Saturday January 24, 1778, 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r. President. 

Thomas Urie, Thomas Scott, & ^ 

Jacob Arndt, Joseph Hart. y Esq'rs. 

John Hambright, J 

Will'm Scott, Esq'r, Paymaster of the Militia of York County. 
laid before Council a Letter from Ric'd McCallister, Esq'r, propo- 
sing among other things, that an order be drawn on him in favor 
of Mr. Scott, for the Money in his hands, arising from Fines, &ca. 
On consideration, 
Ordered, That an order be drawn on the Treasurer in favor of 
Will'm Scott, Paymaster of the Militia of the County of York, 
for the Sum of Four thousand Pounds, to be charged to Tho's 
Dorsey, Esq'r, Paymaster of the State ; And that it be recommend- 
ed to D. Rittenhouse, Esq'r, to endorce on the order a Certificate 
to Rich'd McCallister, Esq'r, Lieut, of said County; that the said 
Will'm Scott's Receipt thereon will be allowed as a Sufficient 
voucher for the Money paid him in virtue of the said Order. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 407 

John Brown having given Bail for his appearance agreeable to 
the order of yesterday, 

Ordered, That the said John Brown be enlarged from his pre- 
sent confinement, he Paying the Fees, &ca. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Monday January 26, 1778. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George £>ryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Joseph Hart, Thomas Urie, & ") 

Jacob Arndt, Thomas Scott. j-Esq'rs. 

John Hambright, J 

Mr. John White Swift attended the Council & informed that he 
had become bound with surety to the Gov'r of Maryland, for his 
appearance before this Council, in consequence of his having re- 
fused to take the Oath of Allegiance required by the Laws of that 
State, and that he now attends the Council in consequence of the 
said obligation. 



The Council met. 

m 

Lancaster, Tuesday January 27, 1778. 
1 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Joseph Hart, Thomas Urie, & *) 

Jacob Arndt, Thomas Scott. |> Esq'rs. 

John Hambright, J 

Council taking into consideration a Letter laid before them by 
Capt. Lang, addressed to him from Colo. Francis Johnson, Wherein 
among other things, he says that he " still continues so unwell and 
infirm that he cannot undertake the duties of his Office," 

Speaking of the Office of Clothier General, &ca; Whereupon, 
Ordered, That Jacob S. Howell, be appointed Receiver General 
of Clothing, in the room of Colo. Francis Johnson, whose indis- 
position of body renders him incapable of performing the duties 
of the said Office required by Law. 



408 MINUTES OF THE 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Wednesday January 28, 1778. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y, THO'S WHARTON, Jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
Joseph Hart, Jacob Arndt, "] 

Jacob Morgan, Thomas Scott, & ! ™ *, 

John Hambright, James Edgar, ^» sq r . 

Thomas Urie, J 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Tho's Dorsey, 
Esq'r, Paymaster of Militia, for the Sum of Five thousand Pounds, 
for which he is to account. 

An order was also drawn on the Treasurer in favor of the Hon'ble 
Jacob Morgan, Esq'r, for the Sum of Seven hundred & fifty Pounds, 
to be charged to Colo. Isaac Melchior, Barrack Master. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Thursday January 29, 1778. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
Joseph Hart, Jacob Arndt, "J 

Jacob Morgan, Thomas Scott, & ! -™ , 

John Hambright, James Edgar, j ^ 

Thomas Urie, J 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer 'in favor of Mr. Jos. Brad- 
ford, for the Sum of One thousand & five hundred Pounds, to be 
charged to Will'm Crispin, Esq'r, Commissary of Provisions for the 
Navy, & to be delivered to him by Mr. Bradford. 

An order was also drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Will'm Cris- 
pin, Esq'r, for the further Sum of One Thousand & five hundred 
Pounds, to be charged to his account. 

The Council taking into consideration the extravagant price of 
Spirituous Liquors, & the extreme difficulty, if not impossibility, of 
procuring a supply for our Navy, 

Ordered, That the Men of the Navy be allowed One shilling 
each Man P Diem, in lieu of their Rations of Rum, until the 
General Assembly shall otherwise order herein. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of John Tyler, 
Armourer, for the Sum of Two hundred Pounds, to be charged to 
his account. 



^ SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 409 

A Petition of a number of respectable Germans, praying for some 
assistance in establishing & Circulating a German Newspaper, being 
now read & considered; thereupon, 

Ordered, That Council do take & distribute five hundred Ger- 
man Newspapers Weekly, at the same price at which they now pay 
to Mr. John Dunlap for the English Paper, and that Mr. Bayley, 
printer of this Borough, be informed thereof. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Friday January 30, 1778. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. / 

Joseph Hart, Jacob Arndt, ~] 

Jacob Morgan, Thomas Scott, & ! „ , 

John Hambright, James Edgar, \ h ^ 

Thomas Urie, J 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Ebenezer Co- 
well, for the sum of Three hundred Pounds, on account of repair- 
ing Muskets, &ca., to be charged to his account. 

Application being made by Letter from Colo. Lutterlish, for Two 
hundred & Eighty Waggons, for the immediate service of the Army, 
thereupon, 

Ordered, That the same be furnished by the following Counties, 
Viz: 

Philadelphia County, 30 
Dr. Gardner, Chester do. 60 

Bucks do. 50 

By Mr. Anderson, 

(Assemblyman) Lancaster p do. CO 

Order sent by Colo. Berks do. 50 

Weitzel, Northampton do. 30 

— 280 Waggons. 
John Gottlieb Metscher, a suspected person, was brought before 

the Council, & Committed by the Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r. 



410 MINUTES OF THE 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Saturday January 31, 1778. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Joseph Hart, Jacob Arndt, ") t 

Jacob Morgan, Thomas Scott, & I ]? s0 » rs 

John Hambright, James Edgar, j ^ 

Thomas Urie, J 

A Petition of a respectable number of Militia of the fifth bat- 
talion of Cumberland County, representing their exposed situation 
& danger from the incursion of the Indians, & praying (in effect,) 
that the Classes now ordered into service may be permitted to go 
against the Indians, was now read & considered, & thereupon, 

Ordered, That agreeable to the order of the 9th of December 
last, in the case of the Counties of Bedford & Westmoreland, the 
fifth & sixth Classes of the fifth Battalion of Militia of the said 
County of Cumberland, now under orders to march to Camp, be em- 
ployed in the immediate defence of the inhabitants of the frontiers 
of that and the neighboring Counties against the Indians ; and 
that the Lieutenant of the said County be empowered to call out 
from time to time, such part of the Seventh & Eighth Classes of 
the Militia of the said County as shall be absolutely necessary for 
the defence of the Frontiers. And it is recommended to the Lieut, 
of the County of Cumberland to Correspond with the Lieut's of 
Bedford, Westmoreland, & Northumberland, so as to act in con- 
junction, as much as may be, for the public safety, and give this 
Council the earliest intelligence of his proceedings herein. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Monday January 2, 1778. 

present: 
Hon'ble GEORGE BRYAN Esq'r, Vice President. 
Joseph Hart, Jacob Arndt, "") 

James Edgar, Thomas Urie, & I -^ , 

Jacob Morgan, Thomas Scott, i 

John Hambright, J 

Ordered, That such of the fifth & sixth Classes of the fifth Bat- 
talion of the County of Cumberland as are now on their March, do 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 411 

proceed on to Camp, as it was not the intention of the order of the 
31st of last Month to Stop those already on their March. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Colo. Hugn 
Davison, for the Sum of Two hundred Pounds, to be charged to 
Colo. John Piper, Lieut, of the County of Bedford, & by Colo. 
Davison to be delivered to Colo. Piper. 

A Letter from Colo. John Piper, Lieut, of Bedford County, was 
read. 

, A Petition from divers inhabitants of that County, & a Letter 
from Colonel Davison were also read, the whole representing the sit- 
uation of that County. And Colo. Piper's Letter informed Coun- 
cil that he was about to enlist a number of Men for nine Months; 
the same being considered, 

Ordered, That a Letter be written to Colo. Piper, informing him 
that Council were surprized at his having adopted such a measure, 
which he not been authorized to do by this Council, nor was it in 
the power of this Council to have done so. 

^ Brig'r G-en'l Lacey having been appointed one of the Commis- 
sioners for Collecting of Clothing in the County of Bucks, which 
his duty as Brig'r G-en'l will so far interfere with the said appoint- 
ment as to make it necessary to appoint another Commissioner in 
his stead ; thereupon, 

Ordered, That John Kerr, of the County of Bucks, be appointed 
Commissioner for the Collecting of Cloathing in the said County, 
in the room & stead of John Lacey, Esq'r, appointed to be a Brig- 
adier General. 

(Copy sent by Express.) 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Tuesday February 3d, 1778. 

PRESENT : 

Hon'ble GEORGE BRYAN Esq'r, Vice President. 
Joseph Hart, Jacob Arndt, *") 

James Edgar, Thomas Urie, 1 ™ , 

Jacob Morgan, Thomas Scott, & f m< * rs ' 

John Hambright, John Bailey, J 

A Letter from the Board of War of 31st January, with a Re- 
solve of Congress of the 30th, respecting the Flag, was read. 



412 MINUTES OF THE 



The Council met. 



Lancaster, Wednesday February 4, 1778. 

PRESENT : 

Hon'ble GEORGE BRYAN, Esq'r, Vice President. 
Joseph Hart, Jacob Arndt, *) 

James Edgar, Thomas Urie, 

Jacob Morgan, Thomas Scott, & 

John Hambright, John Bailey, J 



j>Esq'rs. 



The Council met* 

Lancaster, Thursday Feb'ry 5, 1778. 

PRESENT I 

Hon'ble GEORGE BRYAN, Esq'r, Vice President. . 
Joseph Hart, Jacob Arndt, 

James Edgar, Thomas Urie, I j* , 

Jacob Morgan, Thomas Scott, & ^ sq rS " 

John Hambright, John Bailey, 

Colo. Joshua Elder informed the Council that he had several ac- 
counts of Expenses incurred by divers Classes of the Militia of the 
County of Lancaster before the appointment of a Commissary, and 
the Council taking the same into consideration; thereupon, 

Ordered, That Philip Marsteller, Esq'r, Paymaster of the said 
County, do examine the said accounts, & pay the same, so far as they 
shall appear to be just & equitable. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Friday Feb'ry 6, 1778. 
present: 
Hon'ble GEORGE BRYAN, Esq'r, Vice President. 
Joseph Hart, Jacob Arndt, "j 

James Edgar, Thomas Urie, & ! r, , 

Jacob Morgan, Thomas Scott, j ^ 

John Hambright, J 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of the Hon'ble 
Tho's Scott, Esq'r, for the Sum of one hundred Pounds, to be 
charged to his account. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 413 

The Council met. 

Lancaster, Saturday Feb'ry 7, 1778. 

Ordered, That the Paymasters of the several Counties examine 
the accounts of expences which have occurred in the supply of the 
Militia with Provisions, before they could have been supplied by 
the Commissaries, & Pay such Sums as shall appear just & equi- 
table. 

Ordered, That .Will'm Henry, Esq'r, supply Colo. Buchanan's 
Battalion of Militia, from Cumberland County, with 12 Axes& 12 
Camp Kettles. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Monday Feb'ry 9, 1778. 
Present as on Saturday. 

It being represented to Council that John G-otlieb Metscher, now 
confined in G-oal as a Suspicious person, has given strong evidence 
of his being a friend to the United States; thereupon, 

Ordered, That on his taking the Oath or Affirmation of Alle- 
giance required by Law, he be discharged. 

Ordered, That fifteen coarse Coverlids, which were as Wrappers 
round the Cloths lately purchased of Mr. Carson, be sent to the 
Hospital. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer, in favor of His Excell'y 
Tho's Wharton, jun'r, for the Sum of Seven hundred & fifty 
Pounds, for half a Year's Salary as President of this Council. 



The Council met. 



Lancaster, Tuesday Feb'ry 10, 1778, 
Present as Yesterday. 



414 MINUTES OF THE 



The Council met. 



Lancaster, Wednesday Feb'ry 11, 1778. 
present : 

Jacob Morgan, Jacob Arndt, 

James Edgar, Thomas Urie, & J-Esq'rs. 

John Hambright, Thomas Scott, 



It, -) 

•ie, & VEsq'i 

30tt, J 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Thursday Feb'ry 12, 1778. 

PRESENT I 

Hon'ble GEORGE BRYAN, Esq'r, Vice President. 
Jacob Morgan, Jacob Arndt, ") 

James Edgar, Thomas Urie, & > Esq'rs. 

John Hambright, Thomas Scott, ) 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Friday Feb'ry 13, 1778, 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
Jacob Morgan, Jacob Arndt, 1 

James Edgar, Thomas Urie, & W Esq'rs. 

John Hambright, Thomas Scott, J 

The Hon'ble W. A. Atlee, Esq'r, Commissary of Prisoners, in- 
formed the Council that there was a number of Prisoners to be 
now. forwarded 'to York Town, & that Capt. Long, with a Company 
of the York County Militia, was now in the Borough on their way 
home, whose time of Service expired this day ; & that they were 
willing to take charge of the Prisoners & conduct them to York- 
town, on condition that they draw Rations & receive Pay during 
the time they shall be employed in this serviee; thereupon, 

Ordered, That Capt. Long & his Company, employed in con- 
ducting Prisoners from this Borough to York Town, be continued 
in Pay & receive Rations from this day until they shall have per- 
formed that Service. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 415 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Saturday February 14, 1778. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
Jacob Morgan, Jacob Arndt, ") 

James Edgar, Thomas Urie, & V Esq'rs. 

John Hambright, Thomas Scott, ) 

The Resolve of Congress of February the third, 1778, was 
now read : 



"In Congress, February 3d, 1778. 

"Resolved, That every Officer who holds, or shall hereafter hold, 
a Commission or Office from Congress, shall take & Subscribe the 

following Oath or Affirmation : I, — do acknowledge 

the United States of America to be Free, Independent, & Sovereign 
States, and declare that the People thereof owe no allegiance or 
obedience to George the Third, King of Great Britain ; & I renounce, 
refuse, and abjure any allegiance or obedience to him ; & I do 
Swear (or affirm) that I will, to the utmost of my power, sup- 
port, maintain, & defend the said United States against the said 
King George the Third, his heirs & successors, & his & their abet- 
tors, assistants, & adherents, & will serve the said United States in 

the Office of which I now hold, with fidelity, according 

to the best of my skill & understanding, So help me God. 

" That all Officers of the Army shall take & subscribe the foregoing 
Oath or Affirmation, before the Commander-in-Chief, or any Major 
General, or Brigadier General ; That all Officers of the Navy shall 
take & Subscribe, before one of the Commissioners of the Navy 
Boards, or before a Judge or Justice of the Peace of the State 
wherein they respectively reside, or shall receive their Commissions 
or Warrants; That all persons holding any Civil office of trust or 
profit, under the Congress of these United States, shall take & sub- 
scribe the said Oath or Affirmation, before a Judge or Justice of 
the Peace of the State wherein they respectively reside; That every 
Officer having the disposal, or who is or shall be intrusted with the 
charge or distribution of Public Stores, shall, at the time of taking 
& Subscribing the foregoing Oath or Affirmation, also take an Oath 
or Affirmation of Office in the following words : 

" < I, do Swear (or Affirm) that I will faithfully, 

truly, & impartially execute the Office of to which I 

am appointed, & render a true account when thereunto required,of all 
Public Monies by me received or expended, & of all Stores or other 
effects to me intrusted, which belong to the United States, & will, 



416 MINUTES OF THE 

in all respects, discharge the trust reposed in me with justice & in- 
tegrity, to the best of my skill <fc understanding.' 

" That every Officer taking the foregoing Oaths or Affirmations, or 
either of them, shall obtain from the person administering the same, 
duplicate certificates specifying the time of his taking it or them, & also 
his name & rank or employment; That every Military Officer shall de- 
liver or transmit one of the certificates so obtained to the Com- 
mander-in-Chief, or the Commander of a Department, or to such 
person as by General Orders shall be appointed to receive the same, 
& the said commanding Officers shall cause the certificates so re- 
ceived to be sent to the Secretary of Congress, & shall keep an 
exact list of the names of all Officers whose certificates shall be 
received & forwarded, together with their several rank, & the times 
of their being qualified; That every Officer in the Navy shall de- 
liver or send one of the certificates by him obtained to the Navy 
Board most convenient, who are requested to transmit the same, & 
also a certificate of their own qualifications to the Marine Com- 
mittee, as soon as conveniently may be ; That every other person 
employed in any civil department, or Officer as above mentioned , 
shall send or deliver one of the certificates by him obtained to the 
Secretary of the State to which he belongs, or to such other person 
or persons as the Governor or President of such State shall direct; 
And the Governors or Presidents of the several States are hereby 
requested to attend to this matter, & to cause. the certificates when 
received to be transmitted to the Secretary of Congress ; That each 
deponant or affirmant shall retain & keep the other certificate by 
him obtained, as a voucher of his having complied with what is 
hereby enjoined him. 

"Resolved, That every Officer, civil or military, now in Office, 
shall take & subscribe the qualification above mentioned, within 
Twenty days after notice hereof; & every person hereafter appointed 
to any office, by or under the authority of the Congress of the 
United States of America, shall take & subscribe the same previous 
to his acting in such Office; And every Officer who shall continue 
or presume to exercise any Commission, civil or military, under 
the authority of the Congress of the United States of America, 
without taking the qualification in time and manner above directed, 
shall be cashiered & forfeit two {Months' Pay to the use of the 
United States of America, & be rendered incapable of serving in the 
Army of the said States, & of executing thereafter any Office under 
Congress. 

" And whereas, many persons employed as Deputy or Assis- 
tant Commissaries, or Quarter Masters, or in other civil departments, 
are dispersed in various parts of the continent, over whom neither 
Congress nor the head of their respective departments can have the 
immediate inspection : 

" Resolved, That it be recommended to the Legislature & Execu- 
tive authority of every State to take effectual measures for prevent- 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 417 

Ing any person within their State from exerciseiDg any Office in the 
civil department of the Army, or in any other civil department 
under Congress, who shall not, when thereunto required by any 
Magistrate, produce a legal appointment to that office, & a certifi- 
cate of his having taking the foregoing Oaths or affirmations, 
or who shall neglect or refuse to take & Subscribe the said oaths or 
affirmations within the time above limited. 

" Resolved, That the resolutions passed the 21st day of October, 
1776, prescribing the form of an oath or affirmation, & directing 
the same to be subscribed by Officers holding Commissions or 
Offices from Congress, be & they are hereby repealed. 
u Extract from the Minutes. 

"CHARLES THOMSON, Secretary." 

Thereupon, 

Ordered, That said Resolution be published in the News Papers; 
and all persons whom they do or may concern, are to take notice of 
the same & act accordingly. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer, in favor of Jacob Hoster- 
man, for the Sum of Eighteen Pounds, for riding express. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Monday February 16 ; 1778. 

PRESENT : 

His ExcelPy THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
Jacob Morgan, Jacob Arndt, 1 

James Edgar, Thomas Urie, & lEsq'rs. 

John Hambright, Thomas Scott, J 

Philip Marsteller, Esq'r, having represented that the Guards at 
Lebanon were in a condition that required augmentation; there- 
upon, 

Ordered, That the first Class of Colo. Greena wait's battalion of 
Militia be called out to serve as guards at Lebanon. 



TOL. XI.— 27, 



418 MINUTES OF THE 

The Council met. 

Lancaster, Tuesday February 17, 1778. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 

Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
Jacob Morgan, Jacob Arndt, ~\ 

James Edgar, Thomas Urie, & v Esq'rs. 

John Hambright, Thomas Scott, ) 

Council having written to His Excell'y Gen'l Washington & re- 
quested him to recommend some proper persons to recruit the Bat- 
talion of this State in the Continental Army, & a list being accord- 
ingly recommended by him, 

Ordered, That they be sent to the Counties as follows, Yiz't. : 

York County 150, Lieu. Campbell. 

Cumberland County 150, Capt, Matt'w Scott, (13 Batt'n ;) 150 
Lieu't Wm. Brown; 150 Lieu't Gab'l Peterson; 150 Adjutant 
Crawford j 156 Lieu't Ja's Williamson. 

(BfiJ"Capt. Will'm Alexander's Instructions dated 23d April.) 

Northumberland County 150, Lieutenant Hooper; 150 Capt. 
Alexa. Patterson; 150 Capt. Oldham. 

Lancaster County 150, Lieu. Benja. Carpenter; 150 Lieu. David 
Ziegler; 150 Capt. Bull. 

Chester County 150, Lieu. Ja's Armstrong; 15 Lieu. John 
Marshall, (13th;) 150 Lieu. Wm. Henderson. 

Bucks County 150, Lieu. John Stoy : 150 Lieu. Ch's McHenry ; 
150 Captain Sam'l Tolbert. 

Berks County 150, Capt. Edw'd Scull. 

Northampton County 150, Lieu. John Boyd ; 600 Capt. John 
Grant; 600 Capt. Will'm Wilson. 

Mr. Jacob S. Howell, receiver General of Cloathing, reports that 
he had delivered to the Clothier General of the United States, the 
following Articles of Cloathing, Viz't.: 

322 Coats, 322 Vests, 198 P'r Bucksin Breeches, 48 pair of 
Overalls, 62 P'r of Stockings, 413 P'r of Shoes, 136 Wool Hats. 

Ordered, That the Clothier General be requested to forward the 
said Clothing to his Excell'y Gen'l Washington, for the use of the 
3d, 6th, 9th, & 12th Pennsylvania Battalions, in such proportion 
as his Excell'y shall order. 



'SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL.. 419 



The Council met* 

Lancaster, Wednesday Feb'ry 18, 1778., 

PRESENT : 

His ExcelFy THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President., 
Jacob Morgan, Jacob Arndt ~\ 

James Edgar, Thomas Urie,<& y Esq'rs. 

John Ham bright, Thomas Scott, ) 

Colo, Coats, Lieu't of the County of Philadelphia, being now a 
Prisoner with the Enemy, 

Ordered, That Colo. x\rch f d Thompson, Sub-Lieu' t of the County 
of Philadelphia, be authorised & empowered to act in the behalf of 
the said Colo Coats as Lieutenant, & to exert himself in recover- 
ing the Substitution Money in that County, which greatly is 
wanted for the Recruiting Service. 

The following orders were drawn on the Treasurer for the Re- 
cruiting Service, to be accounted for by the respective gentlemen. 
Viz't.: 

In favor of Capt, Wm. Wilson, for the Sum of Six hundred Dol- 
lars. 

Of Capt. John Grant, for the Sum of Six hundred Dollars. 

Of Lieu. Boyd, for the Sum of Six hundred Dollars. 

Of the following Officers for the Sum of One hundred & fifty 
Dollars each, Vis't. : 

Lieu. Campbell, Lieu. Will'm Brown, Lieu. Gah^l Peterson, Ad- 
jutant Crawford, Lieu. Ja's Williamson, Lieu. Rob't Hooper, Capt. 
Alexa. Patterson, Capt. Oldham, Lieu. Benja. Carpenter, Lieu. 
Dav'd Zigler, Lieu. Ja's Armstrong, Lieu. Will'm Henderson, 
Lieu. John Stoy, (see 21st ins.) Lieu. Cha's MeHenry, Capt. 
SamTTolbert, Capt. Edw'd Scull, Lieu. John Marshall, (13,) 
Capt. Matt'w Scott, Capt. Bull, and that the following orders be 
given them: 

"In Council, Lancaster Feb'ry 14, 1778, 
« Sir :— 

" You being appointed to Recruit in the County of , in order 
to fill up the Quota of this State in the Continental Army, You wilt 
proceed immediately to that place & use the utmost diligence in & 
attention to this great & important duty, in the discharge of which 
you are to attend to the regulations established by Congress : 
Among which it is ordered that every recruit shall have the liberty 
of chusing in what Battalion, Troop, or Company he will serve; & 
if the Company he shall chuse to serve in be full, he shall serve in 
such other Company as he shall chuse. To each Recruit, on 
his taking the Oath or Affirmation directed to be taken by Con- 
gress, that he will serve for three Yeirs, or during the War, you. 



420 MINUTES OF THE 

are to Pay down Sixty Dollars, & Forty Dollars, part of the bounty 
of One hundred dollars Ordered by the General Assembly of this 
State, taking a Receipt for the same, expressing the Payment of 
the Twenty Dollars ordered by Congress ; the remaining Sixty Dol- 
lars is to be paid on the Recruit passing muster, at such place 
shall be appointed by His Excell'y Gen'l Washington, or by this 

Council. You are to apply to Lieu't of the said County, who 

will advance to you hundred Dollars, and on the expenditure 

of this Sum, you are to apply to him again for such further Sum as 
may from time to time be necessary, & deliver to him Certificates, 
signed by the Justice before whom the Recruits which you shall 
have enlisted shall have been qualified, containing a description of 
each such Recruit, & the time of his enlistment, <& retaining a du- 
plicate of such Certificates in your own hands. Instructions will be 
given to the Lieutenant of the County on this subject, as well as 
orders to him to give you such assistance as may be necessary from 
the Militia on any occasion. It will probably be in your power to 
secure a number of Deserters, & you will be allowed five Dollars for 
each Deserter which you shall apprehend, & for this end you are to 
make dilligent search after them, & deliver to the persons appointed 
to receive the Recruits. You must be particularly careful not to 
advance any bounty Money to Deserters, if they should offer to en- 
list again. You are also to be careful not to enlist any person who 
is by any means rendered incapable of doing Millitary duty. Eight 
Dollars will be paid you for every Recruit you shall enlist. You 
will see the propriety & necessity of transmitting to this Council a 
Monthly return of your proceedings, or oftner if 'necessary ; & also 
to transmit to His Excell'y Gen'l Washington an account of your 
proceedings from time to time, as often as may be necessary, in 
order that the Recruits may be sent for by proper Officers. It 
would be unnecessary to remind you that the people of the State 
have a right to be treated with decency & respect, but that it can- 
not be doubted that more success in a free Country is to be ex- 
pected in the business you are engaged in from a strict propriety 
of behaviour, than from any unfair or indirect practices/' 



" In Council, Lancaster Feb'ry 14, 1778. 

"Sir:— 

" Capt. , of the Pennsylvania Regi- 

ment, is appointed to recruit in your County for the Continental 
Army. He is ordered to call on you for money. You will please 
to Pay him the Sum of Six hundred Dollars, with which he is to 
enter upon this Duty. Council have directed him to apply to you 
from time to time, for such further Sums as the service shall re- 
quire, & at the same time he is to lay before you a Certificate of 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 42L 

the time of enlistment & qualification, & a description of the person 
of each Recruit which he shall enlist, signed by the justice before 
whom he shall have been attested. He is to pay to each Recruit, 
on his being attested, the Twenty Dollars bounty ordered by Con- 
gress, & Forty Dollars, part of the One hundred Dollars ordered by 
this State. The remainder is to be paid on their passing Muster, at 
such place as shall be appointed by G'l Washington or this Council. 
From this you will be enabled to judge of the necessity of further sup- 
plies of Money, from time to time, which be in some degree left to 
your judgment & prudence, not exceeding the Sum above mentioned 
at any one time. If any assistance from the Militia shall be 
wanted to prevent the ill consequences of any disturbances which 
may happen in the prosecution of this business, you are to give him 
every countenance which is consistant with the rights & liberties of 
the People, taking care at same time that no insult or injury is offered 
to any person. The great importance of filling up the Continental 
Army with all possible expedition, we hope, will induce you to 
exert 'yourself, so as that the Recruiting Service may not be at a 
Stand for want of Money. The General Assembly have depended 
upon the collecting of the Substitution Money for this purpose.. 
This you know must rest on your dilligence & attention, & you 
will be accountable for the Consequences of a deficiency or delay. 

" The Delegates of Pennsylvania having forwarded to Council by 
Will'm Rowan, Esq'r, a Sum of Money for the purchase of Provi- 
sions, Forage, &ca, & The same being counted by the Secretary, 
there appears toXe the Sum of One hundred & Thirty-nine Thou- 
sand Dollars, agreeably to the Sum mentioned in their Letters. 

" Capt. Sam'l Dean, of the 11th P. B., to go to Bucks County, 
and an order was drawn on the Treasurer, in his favor, for one 
Hundred & Fifty Dollars, as entered the 20th ins." 



The Council met. 



Lancaster, Thursday Feb'ry 19, 1792. 



PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Jacob Morgan, Jacob Arndt, "J 

James Edgar, Thomas Urie, & i-Esq'rs. 

John Hambright, Thomas Scott, J 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of James Bick- 
ham, Lieu't of the 13th Pennsylvania Regiment, to be charged to 
Colo. Walter Stewart, for Three hundred Dollars, Recruiting 
Service. 



422 MINUTES OF THE 

Ordered, That the Sum of Eighteen Thousand Dollars be delivered 
to the Hon'ble Jacob Arndt, Esq'r, to be by him delivered to John 
Arndt & Dav'd Deshler, EsqVs, Commissioners appointed by Law 
to purchase Provisions, & that a Receipt for the same be taken as 
of David Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer. 

The Petition of the Elders & Trustees of the Lutheran Reformed 
German Congregation at Easton, in the County of Northampton, 
setting forth that they are indebted near the Sum of Pour hundred 
Pounds more than has been raised for the building the Church be- 
longing to the said Congregation, & Praying this- Council " to grant 
a Licence to Mr. Philip Hellick to ask the Charitable contribution 
of the well disposed, within this- State, towards the discharge of the 
said Debt, was now read. The Council taking the said Petition 
into consideration, and b^ing disposed to countenance the same, 

Ordered, That the Secretary do Certify that the said application' 
has been made to this Council. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Will' m Rowan ■> 
Esq'r, for his service, with that of his servant, in bringing 139,000 
Dollars from York Town to this Borough, for the Sum of Nine- 
Pounds & Ten Shillings. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Mr. Peter 
Dehaven, for the sum of Five hundred Pounds, for which- he is to 
account. 

Ordered, That Rob't Traill, Esq^r, be appointed Storekeeper to 
inspect, receive, store & take care of the Provisions collected in 
the County of Northampton, and to issue the sSme upon the or- 
ders of the Board of War. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Friday February 20, 1778. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Jacob Morgan, Jacob Arndt, "J 

James Edgar, Thomas Urie, j-Esq'rs. 

John Ham bright, Thomas Scott, J 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Jacob S- 

iiowcll, for the Sum of Two hundred Pounds, for which he is to 
account. 

The Council taking into consideration the necessity there is of 
supplying the Citizens of the County of Bedford with Arms to 
defend themselTes against the Indians, 

Ordered, That Will'm Henry, Esq'r, be directed to supply the 
Hon'ble Tho's Urie, Esq'r, with One hundred Riffles, to be by him 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 423 

sent to the Lieut, of the County of Bedford, for the purpose of 
arming the people of the said County. 

Ordered, That the sum of Eighteen Thousand Dollars be sent 
to Mr. Tho's Edwards, one of the Commissioners for the purchase 
of Provisions in the County of Laneaster, & the same was accor- 
dingly sent by Mr. Christ'r Tren of this Borough. 

Ordered, That Mr John Mitchell be appointed Storekeeper to 
inspect, receive, store and take care of the Provisions to be stored 
at Pottsgrove by order of Congress, & to issue the same by order 
of the Board of War; and also the following Gentlemen for the 
like service, in the place against their names respectively mentioned^ 
Vizt: 

Colo. Will'm Will, at Borough of Lancaster; Colo. Jos. Cop- 
perthwaite, at Heading; Capt. Elijah Weed, at Downings Town. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Capt. Sam'I 
Dean, of the 11th Pennsylvania Reg't, for the Recruiting service, 
to be charged accordingly. 

Ordered, That the Sum of Twenty four Thousand Dollars be 
sent by Hon'ble Jacob Morgan, E3q'r ? to Mr. John Lesher & Val- 
entine Eckhart, Esq'r, Commissioners for purchasing of Provisions 
in the County of Berks. 

Ordered, That the Sum of Four thousand Dollars be sent to 
Will'm Gray k John Little, to purchase Provisions within the 
County of Northumberland, and that the same be sent by the 
hands of Capt. John Grant. 

Ordered, That the Sum of Eighteen Thousand Dollars be sent 
to Dav'd Watson of this County, one of the Commissioners for 
purchasing Provisions, the same to be sealed up and directed to 
him, and forwarded by Mr. John Burke. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Saturday Feb'ry 21, 1778. 

present : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
James Edgar, Thomas Urie, & ") 

John Hambright, Thomas Scott, VEsq'rs. 

Jacob Arndt, J 

The Hon'ble John Hambright, Esq'r, reports, That he had com" 
mitted the Sum of Four thousand Dollars ordered to be sent to the 
County of Northumberland, to purchase Provisions with, sealed up 
& directed to Will'm Gray & John Little, Commissioners of the said 
County, to the care of Capt. Will'm Wilson & Capt. John Grant, 



424 MINUTES OF THE 

And Mr. John Burke attended the Council, & received, Sealed up,. 
& directed to Dav'd Watson, Esq'r, Commissioner for the purcha- 
sing of Provisions in the County of Lancaster, the Sum of Eighteen 
Thousand Dollars, as ordered yesterday. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Capt. Tho's 
Dorsey, Paymaster of Militia, for the Sum of Six Thousand Dollars, 
for which he is to account. 

Lieu't John Cobeas of the 2d Pennsylvania Regiment, attended 
the Council ft represented that he was appointed by the Colo, of 
this Regiment to recruit in the room of Capt. Stoy, who was absent, 
& Capt. Tolbert being present, represented that he was the oldest 
first Lieutenant of the said Regiment. 
On consideration, 

Ordered, That an order be drawn on the Treasurer in his favor, 
for the Sum of One hundred & fifty Dollars, & that he be furnished 
with an order on the Lieu't of the County of Berks for Money, in 
the like manner as hath been done in the case of other Recruiting 
Officers ; and that the order drawn in favor of Capt. Stoy, on the 
18th instant, be retained. 

Ordered, That the Sum of Six thousand Dollars be sent to 
Tho's Heslip & Sam'l Culbertson, Esq'rs, Commissioners for the 
purchasing of Provisions in the County of Chester, and that the same 
be Sealed up, directed to them, & forwarded by Capt. Stephen 
Cochran ; which was done accordingly. 

James M'Lenc and James Reed, Esq'rs, a Committee from the 
Hon'ble House of General Assembly, attended in Council & in- 
formed the Council that the House was now met, & desired to 
know if the Council had any business to lay before the House. 
The Council informed the Committee of their having appointed 
Jacob S. Howell to be Receiver General of Cloathing in the room 
of Colo. Francis Johnson, and delivered to them a Copy of his said 
appointment. 

Ordered, That the Sum of Ten thousand Dollars, to Peter Evans 
and Colo. John Moore, Commissioners for purchasing Provisions 
in Philadelphia County, & the Sum of Six thousand to And'w 
Kichlien & Jos Green, Commissioners for the said purpose in the 
County of Bucks, be sealed up, directed & forwarded by Mr. Jas 
Cummins, & was forwarded accordingly. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 425 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Monday February 23, 1778, 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THOS. WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 

Joseph Hart, Thomas Urie, & ) j£ sa > rs 

John Hambright, Thomas Scott, ) ° 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of the Hon'ble 
George Bryan, Vice President, for the Sum of Fifty Pounds on ac- 
count of his salary. 

The Hon'ble House of General Assembly, by a Committee, ac- 
quainted the Council that they apprehend that the board of War 
had given orders to their Superintendants of Provisions, &ca., which 
the House conceived to be a violation of the laws of the State, & 
requested that the Council will join them in a free conference on 
this subject, 

Ordered , That the Hon'ble House of General Assembly be in- 
formed, that the Council will confer with them in the Assembly 
room, at four O'Clock this Afternoon. 

♦His Excell'y the President & the Council having conferred with 
the Hon'ble House of Representatives, agreeable to the order of the 
day, & the House requesting to be furnished with the following pa- 
pers relating to the subject of conference, Vizt. : 

" The instructions of the Board of War to their Superintendants 
of Provisions. 

li The plan laid down by the Superintendants for the purchase^ 
&ca., of Provisions. 

"The instructions for the Millers, dated lith Jan'ry, 1778. 

" A Letter from the Superintendants to the Board of War, dated 
Feb'ry 11, 1778. 

" A Letter dated Feb'ry 12, 1778, Signed, R. S. Hooper, Deputy 
Q'r General, to the Purchasers under the Superintendants;" there- 
upon, 

Ordered, That a Letter be written to the Hon'ble J. B. Smith, 
Esq'r, requesting that he will procure Copies of the said Papers, 
and forward them by express to this Board immediately. 



426 MINUTES OF THE 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Tuesday February 24, 1778 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Joseph Hart, Thomas Scott, &~\ 

John Hambright, James Edgar, > Esq'rs. 

Thomas Urie, J 

The following- Address was read, to Wit : 

" To the President & Council, notv sitting at Lancaster: 

11 These may show that We, the Subscribers, being appointed on 
behalf of the Westerly quarterly Meeting of the People called 
Quakers, in order to lay before you various deeply distressing cases 
& circumstances that nearly effect us as a Religious Society, request 
an admittance, to be heard by you for the purpose abovesaid, which 
favor will be acknowledged by Your real friends. 

(Signed,) " WARNER MIFFLIN, 

"JOSEPH HUSBAND, 
"JAMES JACKSON, « 

"ABR'M GIBBONS, 
" W'M JACKSON, jun'r, 
« JACOB LINDLEY. 
" Lancaster, the 23d of the 2nd Month, 1778." 

Ordered, That the Subscribers of the said request be informed 
that the Council are willing to attend to their representation, to be 
made in W T riting, & are disposed to hear them on such matters as 
may be contained therein, so far as is within the cognizance of 
Council. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Christ'n Zorn, 
for Twelve Pounds Seven Shillings & Six Pence, for riding ex- 
press. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Tho's Lieper, 
James Hunter, Will'm Hall, & John Dunlap, for the Sum of Six- 
teen Pounds Ten Shillings, for their expences in takeing the Paroles 
of John Penn, James Hamilton & Joseph Shippen, Esq'rs, by 
order of Council. 

The following representation was read, Viz : 

" Lancaster, 24th 2 mo., 1778. 

u To the President & Council, now sitting at Lancaster : 

11 We the Subscribers, are desirous to lay before you, i First/ the 
case of a number of our Friends, now under confinement at Win- 
chester in Virginia, by the Authority of your body, as We apprehend, 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. " 427 

whose release we strongly desire, or if that cannot be obtained, that 
three or more of them, on behalf of the rest, may be heard in 
their own vindication, either before Council or Congress, as you 
may direct. Secondly, That you would weightely consider the 
situation of four of our Friends, closely confined in the common 
Goal of this Borough. Thirdly, That you would interpose for 
our relief in case of exorbitant Fines, taken from us, because of 
our Conscience sake, we cannot yield our personal service in War. 
Fourthly, We desire redress of grievance in a certain Law, com- 
mon! v called the Test Law. 

(Signed,) "WARNER MIFFLIN, 
"JOSEPH HUSBAND, 
"JAMES JACKSON, 
"AB'M GIBBONS, 
"WILL'M JACKSON, jun'r, 
"JACOB LINDLEY. 
" Lancaster 24th 2 mo., 1778." 

And the Subscribers of the said representation having requested 
to be heard in Council on the several subjects mentioned therein, 
were accordingly admitted & heard. The Council in the course of 
a conference with these People, which continued several hours, in- 
formed them That the Council had it in contemplation to represent 
the case of the said Prisoners at Winchester to the Hon'ble House 
of General Assembly, & that they judged it was probable the 
House would take the same into their consideration; That the 
Arrest of the said Prisoners, & their removal to Virginia, was at 
the request & under the direction of Congress, before whom that 
matter at present wholly lies ; That as to the other matters con- 
tained therein, they are not any of them within the power or au- 
thority of the Council ; They appear to be cases wherein the law 
is executed ; & that Council are not vested with any authority to 
alter them in any case whatever; That if any person be confined 
contrary to Law, their case may be laid before the Judges, or one 
of them, whose duty it is to hear them ; And that if it is appre- 
hended that the Law in any instance is grievous or oppressive, the 
Legislative authority may be applied to for alteration or amend- 
ments in such instance. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Capt. Marshall, 
for the Sum of Three hundred Dollars, for the recruiting service,, 
for which he is to account. Order dated yesterday. 



423 MINUTES OF THE 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Wednesday February 25, 1778. 
present : 
His Exceil'y THO'S. WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Joseph Hart, Thomas Scott, ~\ 

John Harnbright, James Edgar, & >■ Esq'rs. 

Thomas Urie, Jacob Morgan, ) 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Capt. Willis, 
for the Sum of eight Dollars, in part of his expences in forwarding 
dispatches to the Commissioners for purchasing of Provisions, and 
to the Waggon Masters, of the Counties of Bucks & Philadelphia. 
An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Colo. Is'c Mel- 
ehior, Barrack Master, for the Sum or Two Thousand Dollars, for 
which he is to account. 

Leonard Reed, appointed to be Waggon Master of the County of 
Berks, having resigned ; thereupon, 

Ordered, That Colo. Henry Haller be appointed Waggon Mas- 
ter of the County of Berks, in the room of Leonard Reed, who has 
resigned. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Jacob S. 
Howell, for the Sum of One Thousand Pounds, for which he is to 
account. 

And an order was drawn on Jacob S. Howell for the Sum of 
One thousand Pounds, in favor of Jas Dundas, Paymaster of the 
People employed at Billingsport, for which he is to acco't. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Thursday Feb'ry 26, 1773. 
present : 
His Exceil'y THO'S. WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Joseph Hart, Thomas Scott, ~) 

John Hambright, James Edgar, & V Esq'rs. 

Thomas Urie, Jacob Morgan, ) 

His Exceil'y Gen'l Washington having enclosed to His Exceil'y 
the President, an Address to the inhabitants of New Jersey, Penn- 
sylvania, Delaware, Maryland & Virginia, requesting that the same 
may be published, & submiting to the consideration of Council 
whether it may not serve to encrease its effects, if it were ushered 
into the Papers of this State with a recommendation from His 
Exceil'y the President. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 429 

On consideration, 
Ordered, That the following Proclamation be published, with 
His Excell'y Gen'l Washington's address above said : 

" By the Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of 
Pennsylvania. 

" A PROCLAMATION : 

" Whereas, His Excell'y Gen'l Washington hath thought proper 
to address the inhabitants of New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, 
Maryland & Virginia, recommending it to them to put up <& feed 
immediately as many of their Stock Cattle as they can spare for 
the supply of the Army, in the Months of May, June & July next, 
as in the said address hereunto subjoined doth more at large ap- 
pear : 

" We, the Supreme Executive Council, being desirous to promote 
a measure so essentially necessary at this time, do earnestly recom- 
mend it to the good people of this State, to exert themselves in an- 
swering the purposes of His Excell'ys address, as all circumstances 
seem happily to conspire in rendering the approaching Campaign 
decisive, & the fruit of our toil is not only in view, but even within 
reach ; we hope all those who wish well to their Country, & have 
it in their power to contribute anything to the support of our 
Army, in the way recommended by the General, will exert them- 
selves on this occasion. We can have no doubt of the virtuous in- 
tentions of the good people of this State, in a cause so righteous 
as the present contest with Great Britain most certainly is, & there- 
fore, firmly rely on their exertions to afford the relief required in 
due time. 

" " By Order of the Council, 

"(Signed) THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President. 
" (Attest) — T. Matlack, Secretary. 

" Lancaster, Feb'ry 27, 1778." 



" To the Inhabitants of New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, 
Maryland and Virginia : 

" Friends, Countrymen and Fellow Citizens : 

"After three Campaigns, during which the brave Subjects of these 
States have contended, not unsuccessfully, with one of the most 
powerful kingdoms upon earth, we now find ourselves at least upon 
a level with our opponents ; & there is the best reason to believe 
that efforts adequate to the abilities of this Country would enable 
us speedily to conclude the War, & to secure the invaluable blessh 
iings of Peace, Liberty & Safety. With this view, it is in contain- 



430 MINUTES OF THE 

plation at the opening of the next Campaign, to assemble a force 
sufficient not barely to cover the Country from a repetition of those 
depredations which it hath already suffered, but also to operate of- 
fensively, & strike some decisive blow. In the prosecution of this 
object, it is to be feared, that so large an Army must suffer for 
want of Provisions. The distance between this & the Eastern 
States, whence considerable supplies of Flesh have been hitherto 
drawn,, will necessarily render those supplies extremely precarious ; 
And unless the virtuous Yeomanry of the States of New Jersey, 
Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland & Virginia, will exert them- 
selves to prepare Cattle for the use of the Army during the Months 
of May, June & July next, great difficulties may arise in the course 
of the Campaign. It is therefore recommended to the inhabitants of 
those States, to put up & feed immediately as many of their Stock 
Cattle as they can spare, so as they may be driven to this Army 
within that period. A bountiful price will be given, and the pro- 
prietors may assure themselves that they will render a most essen- 
tial service to the illustrious cause of their Country, & contribute 
in a great degree to shorten this bloody contest. But should there 
be any so insensible to the common interest as not to exert them- 
selves upon these generous principles, the private interest of 
those whose situation makes them liable to become immediate Sub- 
jects to the enemy's incursions, should prompt them at least to a 
a measure which is calculated to save their property from plunder, 
their families from insult, & their own persons from abuse, hopeless 
confinement, or perhaps a violent death. 

(Signed) " G. WASHINGTON. 
" Head Quarters, Valley Forge, ") 
" February 28, 1778." } 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Friday February 27, 1778. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Joseph Hart, Thomas Scott, 1 

John Hambright, James Edgar, & lEsq'rs. 

Thomas Urje, Jacob Morgan, J 

The Justices of the Court of Quarter Sessions of the Peace for 
the County of Westmoreland having recommended Archibald 
Lochry, Esq'r, to be a person qualified to act as Clerk of the said 
Court; thereupon, 

Ordered, That the said Archibald Lochry, Esq'r, be appointed 
Clerk of the Court of Quarter Sessions of the Peace for the said 
County of Westmoreland. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL, 431 

The following representation ' to the Hon'ble House of Repre- 
sentatives having been now read and considered, Vizt : 

" Lancaster, February 26th, 1778. 
b 

" To the Honorable the House of Representatives of the Freemen of 
the State of Pennsylvania : 

u The Supreme Executive Council of the said State represent: 

" That from the excessive price of all the necessaries of life, and 
other circumstances attending the present situation of this State, 
the salaries and fees heretofore established, or allowed to the re- 
spective Civil Officers of this State, is found not to be now a 
reasonable compensation for the duties of such Officers, whereby 
the execution of the laws hath been greatly impeded, and in some 
cases rendered impracticable to be executed, and, therefore, claims 
the serious attention of the Legislature; That after having made 
enquiry for proper persons to engage in the recruiting service, upon 
the encouragement given by your Honourable House, the Council 
was obliged to apply to His Excellency General Washington, to 
recommend Officers of the Army for this purpose. The gentlemen 
named by him have entered upon the business under great disad- 
vantages, confiding that their case will be considered by the Gene- 
ral Assembly, and such further compensation allowed them as the 
House, in their wisdom, shall judge to be reasonable and adequate 
to the expense of this duty; And we have assured them that 
Council would endeavour to obtain the attention of the Honorable 
House to this matter; That it appears to Council to be worthy of 
the consideration of your Honorable House, whether the exempting 
from militia duty for a certain time each man who shall take up a 
Deserter from the Continental Army and deliver him to some 
proper officer, may not be attended with considerable success in fill- 
ing up a Quota of Troops in the Army, and preventing of de- 
sertion ; That the case of those Prisoners arrested as dangerous 
and disaffected persons, agreeable to the recommendation, and under 
this authority sent into the State of Virginia as a place of more 
security than this State was at that time supposed to bej appears to 
require your serious attention ; not only as it relates to these gen- 
tlemen in particular, but also to a great number of others who have 
refused or neglected to give the assurance of allegiance to the State 
which is required by law; And that there are several persons con- 
fined in the Goals of this State for refusing to give assurance of 
allegiance, who cannot, as the law now stands, be sent into the 
State to which they belong, although they may be able and willing 
to give security for their immediate return there, and to submit 
themselves to the Laws of such State. 

N. B. — A Memorial from these people addressed to the Council? 
is sent herewith. 



432 MINUTES OF THE 

Ordered, The same be presented* to the Hon'ble House of Gen- 
eral Assembly, together with the remonstrance received from the 
Prisoners sent from this State into the State of Virginia, under the 
authority of Congress. 

The Council taking into consideration the return of Justices from 
the several Townships in the County of Bedford, 

Ordered, That Henry Rhodes, Will'm Tyshur, James Wells, 
Francis More & David Jones, be appointed Justices of the Peace for 
the said County of Bedford, & that they be Commissioned accord- 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Saturday February 28, 1778. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Joseph Hart, Thomas Scott, "\ 

John Hambright, James Edgar, & vEsq'rs. 

Thomas Urie, Jacob Morgan, J 

Lieutenant John Cobea having laid before Council a Certifi- 
cate signed by Will'm Henry, Esq'r, that Peter Magee, Amos 
Tharp & Dan'l Ramsdale, have voluntarily inlisted with him, and 
were sworn before the said Will'm Henry, Esq'r, and requested a 
further supply of Money ; thereupon, 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Lieut. John 
Cobea, for the Sum of One hundred and Fifty Dollars, for which he 
is to account. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Mr, John Dun- 
lap, for the Sum of Three hundred & two Pounds, Two Shillings. & 
Six Pence, for Printing Work done by him. 

Archibald Lochry, Esq'r, Prothonotary of the County of West- 
morland, having made Oath, that on or about the 16th day of this 
instant, Feb'ry, agreeable to an Act of General Assembly of Penn- 
sylvania, he had demanded in Writing of Mich'l Hoofnagle, Esq'r, 
late Prothonotary of the County of Westmorland, all the Books, 
Papers, Records & Seals belonging to the Prothonotary's Office, of 
& for the said County, and that the said Mich'l Hoofnagle then did, 
and hitherto hath refused & neglected to deliver the same or any 
part thereof; thereupon, 

Ordered, That the said Mich'l Hoofnagle, Esq'r, be Arrested & 
confined according to Law, and that the Sheriff of the County of 
Cumberland be authorized & directed to aid & assist the said Archi- 
bald Lochry, Esq'r, in the searching for, & procuring the said 
Books, Papers, &ca., and if necessary, to break open in the day 
time, any House or Houses where the same may suspected to be. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 433 

The Council Met. 

Lancaster, Monday March 2, 1778- 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, Jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Joseph Hart, Thomas Scott, ~\ 

John Hambright, James Edgar, & > Esq'rs. 

Thomas Urie, Jacob Morgan, ) 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Christ'n 
Wirtz, Town Major, for the Sum of Three hundred & Eighty-nine 
Pounds Two Shillings & Seven Pence, Money advanced by him, & 
bis Pay, &ca. 



The Council met, 

Lancaster, Tuesday March 3, 1778. 
present : 
His ExcelFy THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Joseph Hart, Thomas Scott, ~) 

John Hambright, James Edgar, & i- Esq'rs. 

Thomas Urie, Jacob Morgan, J 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of the Hon'bie 
Tho's Urie, Esq'r, for the Sum of One hundred Pounds, to be 
charged to him. 



The Council Met. 

Lancaster, Wednesday March 4, 1778. 

present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Joseph Hart, Thomas Scott, *) 

John Hambright, James Edgar, & >• Esq'rs. 

Thomas Urie, Jacob Morgan, J 

Some difficulties having arisen with respect to the Pay of the 
Commissioners appointed by the Council of Safety to purchase 
Cloathing, & the same being now considered, 

Resolved, That it is the opinion of this Council, that the allow- 
ance ordered by the Council of Safety, made to the Commissioners 
appoint^, by them for collecting of Cloathing, be paid by the 
toi. xi.— 28. 



434 MINUTES OF THE 

Clothier General of the United States; & if he shall judge that 
any charge made for this service is too high, it is recommended 
to him not to Pay the same, unless the Party shall qualify to the 
truth of his account. 

The Hon'ble House of Assembly having been informed that the 
Council had received the Resolves of Congress respecting the 
Magazines to be laid up for the Army; 

The orders of the board of War to their Superintendants ; 

The orders issued by the Superintendants to the Militia; & divers 
other Papers relating to this business, the whole No. 1 @ 9 in- 
clusive ; 

A Committee of the House attended in Council to confer on this 
important business. This Committee consisted of Mr. Bayard, 
(the Speaker of the House,) Mr. Knox, Mr. Lollur, Mr. Lowman, 
Mr. McLene, Mr. Whitehil], Mr. Lowry & Mr. Ralston. 

And the said Papers from No. 1 @ 9 inclusive, were read, & the 
same being taken into consideration, & some time being spent there- 
on, 

Agreed, That a Representation of the situation of the business 
of establishing the Magazines be drawn up & laid before the 
House of Assembly, & with their approbation presented to the 
Hon'ble Congress. 



The Council Met. 

Lancaster, Thursday March 5, 1778. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Joseph Hart, Thomas Scott, 1 

John Hambright, James Edgar, & lEsq'rs. 

Thomas Urie, Jacob Morgan, J 

The Committee of General Assembly again met in conference 
on the business of establishing Magazines, and the following repre- 
sentation was read, Viz't. : 

[Blank in Council Book.] 

And after a second reading, Agreed : 
That the said Representation be laid before the Hon'ble House 
of General Assembly, & that the same be forwarded to Congress, 
with the approbation of the House, be signed by the President & 
the Speaker of the House. 






SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 435 

* 

The Council met. 

Lancaster, Friday March 6, 1778. 

present : 

His Excell'y THQ'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Joseph Hart, Thomas Scott, ") 

John Hambright, James Edgar, & v Esq'rs. 

Thomas Urie, Jacob Morgan, ) 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Peter Dehaven, 
for the Sum of Five Hundred Pounds, for which he is to ac- 
count. 

A Letter from His Excell'y the President of Congress, dated. 
March 1st, 1778, enclosing Resolves of Congress of 26th of Feb'ry, 
respecting Prisoners & Quota of Troops, and return of deficiencies 
in the Quotas of the several States of the Continental Army j 

A Letter from the Committee of Congress at Camp, proposing 
that this State furnish 250 Horses for the Army ; 

Ordered, That the same be laid before the Hon'ble House of 
G-eneral Assembly. 

A Committee of the Hon'ble House of General Assembly in- 
formed the Council that James McLene &R. Whitehill, Esq'rs, are 
appointed by the House to attend the Congress at Yorktown, &ca, 

Ordered, That the Hon'ble Tho's Scott, Esq, be appointed to 
attend on Congress, io conjunction with the Committee of the 
Hon'ble House of G-eneral Assembly, to present the joint represen- 
tation of Council & General Assembly respecting the establishing 
of Magazines for the Army, and to confer with the Delegates of 
Pennsylvania in Congress, & such others as Congress may appoint 
on this business j and also on the Subject of the Prisoners now in 
Virginia, and others, mentioned in the address of this day, which 
last mentioned Address is as follows, Viz't. : 

[Blank in Council Book.] 



436 MINUTES OF THE 

The Council met. 

Lancaster, Saturday March 7, 1778 
present : 
His Excell'y THOS. WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Joseph Hart, Thomas Scott, ") 

John Hambright, James Edgar, & (- Esq'rs. 

Thomas Urie, Jacob Morgan. J 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Colo. Adam 
Hubley, for One Thousand Dollars, for the recruiting Service, for 
which he is to account. 

Ordered, That Mr. Hambright procure as maay Saddles as he 
oan get made in this Borough, until further orders, on the best 
terms he is able. 



The Council Met. 



Lancaster, Monday March 9, 1778- 



PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Joseph Hart, Thomas Scott, ~\ 

John Hambright, James Edgar, & V Esq'rs. 

Thomas Urie, Jacob Morgan. ) 

Letter from Gen'l Washington, dated 7th inst., respecting Wag 
gonH, were read and considered ; 

Ordered^ That extracts from the joint Representations of the 
Council & Gen'l Assembly to Congress of the 6th instant & of a 
Letter of the — instant, in reply to his Letter, & such remarks as 
may further explain these extracts. 



The Council Met. 



Lancaster, Tuesday March 10, 1778„ 



present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Joseph Hart, Thomas Scott, ~) 

John Hambright, James Edgar, & I Esq'rs. 

Thomas Urie, Jacob Morgan. J 

The Council having consulted with the members of General As- 
sembly, 

Ordered, That blank in Council book 



: } & iEsq'rs. 
in. J 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 437 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, "Wednesday March 11, 1778. 

present : 

His ExcelTy THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Joseph Hart, Thomas Scott, 

John Hambright, James Edgar, 

Thomas Urie, Jacob Morgan. 

Letter from Henry Laurens, Esq'r, inclosing Six blank Commis- 
sions for private Shipfl of War. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Capt. Thomas 
Dorsey, Paymaster of Militia, for the Sum of Three thousand Dol- 
lars, for which he is to account. (Paid Postage 7s 6, Ex. 7 letters.) 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Mich'l Muh- 
lenberg, for the Sum of Seventy-five Pounds, in part of his account 
for carrying the Quaker Prisoners to Winchester, in Virginia, and 
to be charged to his account until the same can be settled, and be 
finally charged to Congress. 

The Clerk of the House presented to Council a minute of Gene- 
ral Assembly of yesterday, appointing Rob't Wilson, Esq'r, a Sub- 
Lieutenant of the County of Chester, in the room and stead of 
Colo. Tho's Strawbridge, & the same being read, 

Ordered, That the said Rob't Wilsott be Commissioned accord- 
ingly. 

Rob't Trail, Esq'r, having declined to accept of the Oflice of 
Store-keeper for the County of Northampton ; thereupon, 

Ordered, That Mr. Cha's Desler be appointed Store-keeper for 
the County of Northampton, to receive, inspect, store and take of 
the Provisions to be Stored in the -County of Northampton, by or- 
der of Congress, & to issue the same by order of the board of War; 
paid 14s 6. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Thursday March 12, 1778. 

PRESENT : 

His Excelly THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Joseph Hart, Thomas Scott, 



John Hambright, James Edgar, & J-Esq'rs, 

Thomas Urie, Jacob Morgan. 



I 



438 MINUTES OF THE 

The Council Met. 

Lancaster, Friday March 13, 1778. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Joseph Hart, Tho's Scott, ~) 

John Harnbright, James Edgar, & vEsq'rs. 

Thomas Urie, Jacob Morgan. J 

Hon'ble T's Scott, Esq'r, having receive^ Forty thousand Dol- 
lars on a Warrant of Congress, dated the 10th ins., drawn in favor 
of this Council, & paid the same to the Treasurer of this State, 
now laid the Treasurer's receipt for the said 40,000 Dollars before 
the Council. 

James Patton, Deputy Waggon Master for the township of Con- 
estoga, represented to Council that divers persons in the said Town- 
ship who were duly summoned according to Law, to attend with 
their Waggons for the service of their Army, had neglected, & still 
continued to neglect to attend ; and that on application by him 
made to Colo. Michael Haberstick, for assistance from the Militia, 
that he had not been supplied therewith ; thereupon, 

Ordered, That Col. Michael Haberstick be commanded forth- 
with to furnish a sufficient Guard to the said James Patton, to bring 
in the said delinquents. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Colo. Jacob 
Morgan, for the Sum of Three Pounds, paid by him for an express, 
to be charged to Congress. 

The Council taking into consideration the resolve of Congress 
for recommending a Fast ; & thereupon, 

Ordered, That the following Proclamation be Published : 

" Lancaster, March 18. 

By the Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of 
Pennsylvania. 

"A PROCLAxMATION : 

u Whereas, The Congress of the United States of America, by 
their Resolve of the Seventh day of March instant, have recom- 
mended in the following words, Vizt : 

" ' Whereas Almighty God, in the righteous dispensation of his 
Providence, hath permitted the continuation of a cruel & desolating 
war in our land ; & it being at all times the duty of a people to 
acknowledge God in all his ways, & more especially to humble 
themselves before him when evident tokens of his displeasure are 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 439 

manifested, to acknowledge his righteous government, confess & 
forsake their evil ways & implore his Mercy :' 

" Resolved^ That it be recommended to the United States of 
America to set apart Wednesday, the Twenty-Second day of April 
next, to be observed as a day of Fasting, Humiliation, & Prayer; 
that at one time and with one voice, the inhabitants may acknowl- 
edge the, righteous dispensation of divine Providence, & confess 
their iniquities & transgressions, for which the land mourneth; that 
they may implore the mercy & forgiveness of God, & beseech 
him that vice, profaneness, extortion, & every evil, may be 
done away, & that we may be a reformed & happy people; that 
they may unite in humble & earnest Supplication, that it may 
please Almighty God to Guard & defend us against our enemies and 
giv$ vigour and success to our military operations by Sea & land ; 
that it may please him to bless the civil rulers & people, strengthen 
<k perpetuate our Union, & in his own good time establish in the 
peaceable enjoyment of our rights & liberties; that it may please 
him to bless our Schools & Seminaries of learning, & to make 
them nurseries of true piety, virtue & useful knowledge 1 ; that it 
may please him to cause the earth to yield its increase, & to crown 
the year with his goodness. And it is recommended to the inhabi- 
tants of the United States, to abstain on that day from labor & 
recreation.'' 

u And Whereas, it hath pleased God to suffer the enemy to take 
possession of our Capital, & the distresses attending on War have 
fallen heavy on the State, whereby it is become peculiarly neces- 
sary for the inhabitants to humble themselves before him who 
governs the Universe & turneth the hearts of men as he pleaseth. 
And therefore, as well as in due respect to the said recommenda- 
tion of Congress, We do hereby most earnestly recommend to the 
good people of this Commonwealth to set apart Wednesday, the 
Twenty-Second day of April next, for the pious purposes mentioned 
la the said resolve, & that they abstain on that day from labor & 
recreation. 

K Given at Lancaster this thirteenth day of March, in the Year of 
our Lord One thousand Seven hundred & Seventy-Eight. 
" By order of Council, 

"THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, President. 
" Attest Timothy Matlack, Secretary." 



440 MINUTES OF THE 

The Council met. 



Lancaster, Saturday March 14, 1778. 



present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Joseph Hart, Thomas Scott, ~) 

John Hambright, James Edgar, & tEsq'rs. 

Thomas Urie, Jacob Morgan, J 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Thomas Bar- 
tholomew Bowen, of the 9th Penn'a Reg't, for the Sum of Six 
hundred Dollars, for the Recruiting Service. 



• 



The Council Met. 

Lancaster, Monday March 16, 1778. 

present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r Esq'r, President. 
Joseph Hart, Thomas Urie, 

Jacob Morgan, John Hambright, & ^-Esq'rs. 



James Edgar, Thomas Scott, 



} 



Ordered, That Major Watkins be directed to send a Block of Tin, 
& about three times its weight of Lead, to Mr. J. S. Howell, Re- 
ceiver General of Cloathing, to make Buttons of for Soldiers' 
Cloathing. 

Mr. Will'm Crispin, Commissary, having written to the Presi- 
dent & Council in the following words, Vizt : * 

" To the President & Council at Lancaster. 

''Dear Sir : 

" I jpought of Mr. Irwin 21 hhds. Rum, before we left Phila., 
amounting to 2396 Gal's, at 35s P Gallon ; he has called on me 
for the money, which I had not ; he desired a draught for the 
amount, which is £4193, which please to give an order to Mr. Rit- 
tenhouse, who will charge me with it. I am yours to serve, 

" (Signed) WM. CRISPIN. 

« Trenton, Jan'y 20, 1778." 

And the same was underwritten thus, u Please pay the above 
•contents to Mr. John Dunlap, or Order. 

"(Signed,) MATH'W IRWIN/' 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 441 

And an order was drawn on the same, in the following Words, 
Vizt : 

• " In Council. 

" Lancaster, Mar. 16, 1778. 
" Sir : 

" Pay to Mr. John Dunlap the Amount of the within order, & 
charge the same to Mr. Will'm Crispin, Commissary 

" (Signed) THO'S WHARTON, jun'r. 
<*To Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer/' 



The Council Met. 

Lancaster, Tuesday March 17, 1778. 

PRESENT I 

His ExcelFy THO'S WHARTON, Jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Joseph Hart, Thomas Urie, 1 

Jacob Morgan, John Hambright, & VEsq'rs. 

James Edgar, Thomas Scott. J 

The Clerk of General Assembly sent in to the Council the fol- 
lowing Resolve, Vizt : 

"In General Assembly, Monday Mar. 16, 1778, P. M. 

" On motion, 
" Resolved, That the Wages of each Member of the Hon'ble 
the Executive Council of this State, during the time he shall at- 
tend the Public Service, shal* be Thirty Shillings Sjp Diem; And 
that they be allowed Ten Pence for each Mile, for their travelling 
charges. 

" Extract from the Minutes, 

" Signed, JOHN MORRIS, jr., 

" Cl'k of the Gen'l Ass'y." 

Ordered, That the Commissaries for the Navy Department, who 
have heretofore been employed, be allowed three ^ centum on the 
amount of their Purchases, in full for their services in buying and 
issuing Provisions & Liquors. 



442 MINUTES OF THE 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Wednesday March 18, 1778. 
present : 

His ExcelFy THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President, 
Joseph Hart, John Hambright, & "] 

James Edgar, Thomas Scott. J>Esq'rs. 

Tho's Urie, J 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Wm. C. Brad- 
ford, Pay Master of the Navy, for the Sum of Fifty Pounds, for 
which he is to account. 

Col. Gibson, Commanding Officer at this Station, informed the 
Council that he had orders from His ExcelFy General Washington, 
to march the Troops under his Command to Camp with all expe- 
dition; thereupon, 

Ordered, That the eighth Class of Militia of the County of 
York, be immediately called into service & sent to this Borough. 

The Council being informed That John Hubley, Esq'r, has re- 
ceived orders from the Board of War to remove the Powder and 
other Ammunition from this Borough over the Susquehanna ; and 
as the necessity of keeping a supply of Cartridges for the Guards, 
&ca, is evident ; therefore, 

Ordered, That John Hubley, Esq'r, be directed to supply Ma- 
jor Wirtz with as much Gunpowder as will fill Twenty thousand 
Cartridges; & that Maj. Wirtz make up that number of Cartrid- 
ges for the Guards of this Borough. 

Ordered, That Bart'm Galbraith, Esq'r, Lieut, of this County, 
be directed to furnish a guard of 200 Militia, to serve in this Bo- 
rough, to guard the Prisoners & other purposes. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Thursday March 19, 1778. 

PRESENT *. 

His ExcelFy THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 

Joseph Hart, John Hambright, & ^ 

James Edgar, Tho's Scott. [►Esq'rs. 

Tho's Urie, J 

Mr. James Patton, Deputy Waggon Master of this County, at- 
tended the Council & informed that Colo. Haberstick has not fur- 
nished him with the Guard ordered by Council ; thereupon, 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 443 

Ordered, That the Secretary write to Col. Haberstick & desire his 
immediate* attendance, to assign the reason why he hath not fur- 
nished the said Guard. 

Mr. Peter Dehaven being upon business to Camp, & informing 
Council that the piece of ground on which the Powder Mills were 
erected may suffer for want of care; thereupon, 

Ordered, That Mr. Peter Dehaven be directed to let, for this 
season, the piece of Ground on which the Powder Mills stood, on 
the best terms he can, reserving nevertheless, a right to rebuild the 
Mills if it shall be found necessary. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster Friday March 20, 1778. 

PRESENT. 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Joseph Hart, John Hambright, & ~\ 

James Edgar, Tho's Scott, I Esq'rs. 

Tho's Urie, J 

ACommiitee o/the Hon'ble House of General Assembly attended 
in Council, & desired to be informed at whose expence the Public 
buildings in this Borough & elsewhere has been erected, and they 
were referred to the Minutes of the Council of Safety. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Saturday March 21, 1778. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Joseph Hart, John Hambright, & 

James Edgar, Tho's Scott, 

Tho's Urie, 

The application of Twenty-three inhabitants of the Town of 
York, in the County of York, praying that Jacob Eichelberger, 
(who was elected with Will'm Leas, Esq'r, on the 10th March 
last;) & also Mich'l Kahn, of the Town of York aforesaid, may be 
appointed & Commissioned to be Justices of the Peace for the said 
County of York, being now read & considered ; thereupon, 

Ordered, That Jacob Eichelberger be appointed & Commissioned 
to be a Jus:ice of the Peace for the County of York. 



J. Esq'rs. 



444 MINUTES OF THE 

There appearing to be no Money in the hands of the Lieutenant 
of the County of Cumberland, & the Recruiting Parties in that 
County being in want of Money, An order was drawn on the Trea- 
surer, in favor of Colo. Will'm Clark, for the Sum of Three Thou- 
sand Dollars, to be delivered to Col. John Caruthers, Lieutenant 
of the County of Cumberland, to be by him paid into the hands of 
the Officers recruiting for the Battalions of this State. Mich'I 
Kuhns was proposed by Col. Clarke to forward this Money by. 

The following orders were drawn on the Treasurer, Viz't. : 

In favor of Mr. John Beaton, Paymaster of the Militia of Ches- 
ter County, for the Sum of Three Thousand Pounds, to be charged 
to Tho's Dorsey, Pay-master of Militia. 

In favor of Col. Will'm Clark, Paymaster of the Militia of Cum- 
berland County, for the Sum of One thousand Pounds, to be 
charged to Tho's Dorsey, Paymaster of Militia. 

In favor of Colo. Rich'd McCallister, for the Sum of Three 
Thousand Pounds, the same to be by him delivered to Mr Will'm 
Scott, Paymaster of the Militia of York County, to be charged to 
Tho's Dorsey, Paymaster of Militia. 

Col. Rich'd M'Callister paid to the Secretary the Sum of 2833 
Dollars, Bills of Credit of New York, which he received of the 
Council last Spring, & hath not been able to pass, & has therefore 
returned them. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Monday March 23, 1778. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Joseph Hart, Jonn Hambright, &") 

James Edgar, Tho's Scott, >Esq'rs. 

, Tho's Urie, J 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Col. Samuel 
Atlee, for the Sum of Five hundred Pounds, to be charged to 
him. 

An order was drawn on Will'm Henry, Esq'r, in favor of Col. 
Sam'l Hays, Sub Lieut, of the County of Westmorland, for Eighty 
Riffles, to be put into the hands of Arch'd Lochry, Esq'r, Lieut, 
of the said County, for the use of the Militia. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of John Burgh, 
for the Sum of Three Pounds, for riding express with Money to 
Colo. Watson, Commissary, for purchasing Provisions, &ca., to be 
charged to Congress. 

Col. Hubley having recommended to the Council Lieu. John 
Steel as an Officer well qualified for, and proper to be employed in the 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 445 

Kecruiting Service, & desired that he may be furnished with Money 
for this Purpose, to recruit in this County or York County ; (Or- 
der to Recruit in Lancaster;) Thereupon, 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Lieu. John 
Steel, of the — th Penns'a Reg't, for the Sum of Six hundred Dol- 
lars, for the recruiting Service. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of the Hon'ble 
Tho's Scott, Esq'r, for the Sum of One Hundred & Thirty-twG 
Pounds Sixteen Shillings & Eight Pence, Balance due for his at- 
tendance in Council 210 days, a 35s. & Mileage 274 Miles going & 
same distance coming, equal to 548 Miles, a lOd. each. 

Ordered, That Philip Kreamer be appointed Coroner of the 
County of Berks. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Christ'r Hays, 
Esq'r, Sub-Lieut, of Westmorland County, for the Sum of Fifty 
Pounds, to be charged to Arch'd Lochry, Esq'r, the Lieut, of the 
said County. 

An order was drawn on the Town Major in favor of Colonel 
And'w Boyd, Sub-Lieut, of Chester County, for 2000 Musket Cart- 
ridges. 

It being represented to Council that the People of the County 
of Chester continued to carry provisions into the City of Philadel- 
phia, and that 

[Blank in Council Book.] 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of the Hon'ble 
John Hambright, Esq'r, for the Sum of One hundred & Ninety- 
nine Pounds & ten Shillings, balance due to him for 147 days' at- 
tendance in Council, & Mileage. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Tho's Heslip, 
Esq'r, One of the Commissioners for purchasing Flour in the 
County of Chester, for the Sum of Nine thousand Dollars, for 
which he is to account. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster - , Tuesday March 24, 1778, 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, Jun'r, Esq'r, President 
Joseph Hart, Thomas Urie, & ) ™ , 

James Edgar, John Hambright, J s( * rs ' 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of the Hon'ble 
John Hambright, Esq'r, for the Sum of One thousand & five hun- 
dred Pounds, to purchase Horses with for the purpose of mount- 
ing the Cavalry, agreeable to the request of a Committee of Con- 
gress, at Head Quarters ; for which Sum he is to account. 



446 MINUTES OF THE 

Congress by their Resolve of 19th instant, having 

Resolved, That the Government of the State of Pennsylvania 
be requested to Station five hundred Militia at the following places 
in this State, under active & prudent Officers, Yizt : Two hun- 
dred men at Easton, One hundred at Bethlehem, and Two hundred 
at Reading, for the defence of the Magazines of Military & other 
Stores & Provisions at these places ; & to keep the communication 
Secure from any sudden incursions of the Enemy, until the board 
of War or Gen'l Washington, shall think it expedient to discharge 
the said Militia; Thereupon, . > 

Ordered, That three hundred of the Militia of the County of 
Northampton be ordered for Guards at Bethlehem & Easton, & 
200 Militia of the County of Berks for guards at Reading. 

The Council having received information that Henry Sckiles, 
who &ca., and Tho's Boyd, James Wilson, John Hastings & Cha's 
Caldwell, who, &ca., have not yet been taken, &ca. ; thereupon, 

Ordered, That a reward of Two hundred Dollars be offered by 
Proclamation, for each & every of the said Henry Skeles, &ca. 

The following being approved was ordered to be Published in 
due form : 

" By the Supreme Executive Council of the Commonicealtk of 
Pennsylvania: 

"A PROCLAMATION: 

% 

" Whereas, A certain Benjamin Hammon was lately most 
cruelly & barbarously murdered, in the County of Chester, in this 
Commonwealth : 

"And Whereas, an inquisition taken on the body of the said 
Benjamin Hammon, & by depositions taken before sundry Justices 
of the said Commonwealth, there is great reason to believe that a 
certain Henry Skyles, late of the County of Lancaster, in the said 
Commonwealth, Yeoman, did feloniously kill and murder the said 
Benjamin Hammon, & that Thomas Boyd, Jas Willson, John 

Hastings, , and Charles Caldwell, of the said County 

of Lancaster, Yeomen, together with others who have surrendered 
themselves, were feloniously 'present, comforting, abetting & aid- 
ing the said Henry Skyles, to do & commit the said murder : 

" And Whereas, it is at all times, but more especially in the 
present situation of our affairs, of the utmost consequence to the 
peace of the Commonwealth, that the perpetrators of such attrocious 
offences should be brought to condign & exemplary punishment, 
and the endeavours hitherto used for apprehending & securing the 
Baid offenders have proved ineffectual : 

" We have therefore thought fit to issue this Proclamation, hereby 
offering & promising a Reward of Two hundred Dollars, to be paid 
out of the Public Treasury of this Commonwealth, to such person 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 447 

or persons who shall apprehend the said Henry Skyles, & deliver him 
into the Custody of the Keeper of the Goal of either of the Counties 
of Lancaster, Berks or York, in this Commonwealth ; And also, 
hereby offering & promising a like reward of Two hundred Dollars, 
for each & every of them the said Thomas Boyd, James Wilson, 

John Hastings, , & Charles Caldwell, to be paid as 

aforesaid, to such person or persons who shall apprehend & secure 
them, or any of them, in either or any of the gaols aforesaid. 

" And we do hereby strictly charge & command all Judges, Jus- 
tices, Sheriffs, Constables & other Officers, & all other the Citizens 
of this Commonwealth, to make diligent search & pursuit after 
the said Henry Skyles, Thomas Boyd, James Wilson, John Has- 
tings, , <fe Charles Caldwell, & to use their utmost 

endeavours to apprehend & secure them, that they may be pro- 
ceeded against according to Law. 

" Given under the Seal of the said Commonwealth, at Lancaster, 
the Twenty-fourth day of March, in the Year of our Lord One 
thousand Seven hundred & Seventy-eight. 

"(Signed,) THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, Pres'fc. 
" Attest— T. Matlack, Secret'y." 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Wednesday March 25, 1778. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Joseph Hart, Tho's Urie, & > ~, , 

James Edgar, John Hambright, S 

The Council taking into consideration the State of the. Militia 
bow in the Field, 

Ordered, That the Seventh & Eighth Classes of the Militia of 
Cumberland, the first Class of Philadelphia County, be called into 
service immediately, & sent to Gen'l Lacy's Camp. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Col. Clarke, 
for the Sum of Two thousand Pounds, to be charged to Capt. Tho. 
Dorsey, Paymaster of the Militia. 

Mr. Adam Reigart informed the Council that he had begun to 
purchase Horses, agreeable to his orders, & desired to know where 
they were to be sent to for the present. 

Ordered j That Mr. Reigart be directed to apply to Mr. Ross, 
deputy Q'r M'r, for an apartment of the Continental stables in 
this Borough, & forage for the Horses which he shall procure; 
And that Mr. Reigart appoint a Trusty person to take care of 
them. 



448 MINUTES OF THE 

Mr. Marshall Edwards, late Paymaster of the Militia of the 
County of Philadelphia, 

Ordered, That Colo. Rob't Lollar be appointed Paymaster of the 
Militia of Philadelphia County. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Colo. John 
Shields, for the Sum of Thirty-five Pounds, for the Carriage of 72 
Riffles from Shippensburgh to Westmorland. 



t j Esq'r*. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Thursday March 26, 1778. 
present : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Jos. Hart, Tho's Urie, & 

James Edgar, John Hambright, 

The Hon'ble John Hambright, Esq'r, being now about to go 
into the County of Northumberland, & its being doubtful whether 
Mr. Wm. Gray & Mr. John Little, Commissioners for the pur- 
chasing of Provisions in that County, have been able or will be 
able to lay out any considerable Sum of the Four thousand Dollars 
sent to them for that purpose ; therefore, 

Ordered, That the Hon'ble John Hambright, Esq'r, be requested 
to call on the said Will'm Gray & John Little, & enquired what 
they have done in said business; k he is hereby authorized to receive 
from th(&m, & each of them, what Monies may remain in their 
hands. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Philip Mars- 
teller, Esq'r, for the Sum of Four thousand Pounds, for paying the 
Militia with, for which he is to account. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Will'm C. 
Bradford, for the Sum of Three thousand Pounds, to be by him 
delivered to Will'm Crispin, Commissary of the State Fleet, and 
to be charged to the said William Crispin. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Will'm Co 
Bradford, Paymaster of the State Fleet, for the Sum of Four Thou- 
sand Pounds, for which he is to account. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. m 

The Council met. 

Lancaster, Friday March 27, 1778. 

present : 

His ExcelFy THO'S WHARTON, jira'r, Esq'r, President 

Joseph Hart, James Edgar, & \ ™ , 

Jonat'n Hogc, Tho's Urie, j ™ 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of James Young, 
Esq'r, Waggon Master of the State, for the Sum of Seven hundred 
<& fifty Pounds, for which he is to account, 

Mr. Young & Mr, Bailey, th« Waggon Master of Lancaster 
County, having now represented to Council that the Pay of the 
Officers in the Waggon department is so low that they are not able 
to procure suitable persons to execute the law, <fe that many of 
those who huve acted hitherto are under the necessity of resigning; 
thereupon, 

Ordered, Tkat this Council will represent to the Hon'ble House 
-of General Assembly the low Pay allowed to the Officers under the 
Waggon Law, <& will use their influence with the House to induce 
them to make the same more adequate to the duty. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Shriver, Sum- 
mers, <fe Lasky, for the Sum of Eight hundred & fourteen Pounds 
five Shillings & one Penny, for Provisions furnished to the Fleet, & 
•charge the same to Witi'm Crispin, Commissary of the Fleet. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Saturday March 28, 1778 

present: 
His Eseeiry THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Jos. Hart, James Edgar, & ? ™ > 

Jonathan Hoge, Tho's Urie, J &sq rS ' 

The Hon'ble the Speaker of the Hon'ble Bouse of General As- 
sembly presented in Council the following order, to Wit: 

"In General Assembly, Pennsylvania, March 28, 1778. 

"OentleHten :— 

<; Pay to David Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of this State, or to 
Ids order, the Sum of Thirty Thousand Pounds, in Bills of Credit, 

VO&. XI. — 10« 



450 MINUTE? OF THE 

issued by Congress, or by this Commonwealth, for the rase of thh 
State. 

"(Signed) JOHN BAYARD, Speaker. 
"To John Thome & John Agnew, Eaq'rs, Trustees of the Gene- 
ial Loin Office of the State of Pennsylvania/* 

* 

Ordered, That the same be delivered to the Treasurer. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Henry Spyker 7 
Esq'r, Paymaster of the Militia of Berks County, for the Sum of 
Five thousand Pounds, to be charged to Capt. Tho's Borsey, Pay 
M'r of Militia. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of John Arndt 
& DavM Deshler, Esq'rs, Commissioners appointed by Law to pur- 
chase Provisions, &ca, in Northampton County, for the use of the 
Army, they to be accountable. 

The Hon'ble House of General Assembly having this day ap- 
pointed Capt. John Trevis to be one of the Sub-Lieutenants of the 
County of York, in the room & stead of James McCandless 7 

Ordered, That he be Commissioned accordingly. 

The Sum of Thirty-five thousand Dollars was this day paid into 
the hands of the Treasurer of the State, being what n-ow remains 
undistributed of the Sum of One Hundred & Thirty-nine Thou- 
sand Dollars sent to Council by Congress, for the purchase of Pro- 
visions, &ca 7 as appears by the Receipt of the said Treasurer. ' 



The Council met. 

Lancaster Monday March 30,- 1778. 

PRESENT : 

. His ExcelFy THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Jos. Hart, Jacob Arndt, & Jj E sa ' rs 

Jonathan Hoge, Tho's Urre. 3 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Stephen Sut- 
ton, for the Sum of Thirteen Pounds Ten Shillings, for riding ex- 
press, by order of the Council*. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Capt. Benj'c 
Bartholomew, (of the 5th Penns'a Batt'n,) for the Sum of Three 
Hundred & Forty-eight Dollars, for ishe Recruiting Service, for 
which he is to account. 

The Hon'ble John Bailey, Esq'r, having by his Letter of the 
23d instant, resigned bis Seat as Counsellor for the County of Lan- 
caster; thereupon, 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL, 451 

Ordered, That a Writ be issued to the Sheriff of the said Coun- 
ty, to hold an election of a Councellor for the said Couuty of Lan- 
caster, in the room & stead of the said John Bailey, Esq'r, & make 
return thereof on or before Tuesday the 28th day of April next. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Tuesday March 31, 1778. 

PRESENT : 

HisExeelfy THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President* 
Jos. Hart, Jacob Arndt, & \ J.' , 

Jonathan Hoge, Tho's Urie. j B * 

The following orders were drawn on the Treasurer in favor of 
Tho's Urie, Esq'r, Vizt : 

For the Sum of One hundred & Fifty-six Pounds Eighteen 
Shillings & four Pence, being the balance due to him for 140 days 
attendance in Council, & Mileage, 143 Miles. 

For the Sum of Ninety-Seven Pounds & ten Shillings for the 
Carriage of 164 Riffles from this place to Bedford, to be charged 
to John Piper, Esq'r, Lieut, of the County of Bedford. 

For the Sum of Eight Pounds fifteen Shillings & Six Pence, for 
his extra expences on thirteen days journey on Public Service by 
order of Council. And also, 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of John Ralston, 
Esq'r, for the sum of One Thousand & five hundred Pounds, to be 
by him delivered to Abraham Lavan, for the purpose of purchasing 
Horses to mount the Cavalry, agreeable to a request of the Com- 
mittee from Congress, at Camp, to be charged to Mr. Levan. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Peter Burk- 
holdcr, Esq'r, for the Sum of Three Thousand Pounds, to be by 
him delivered to Mr. Philip Boehm, Paymaster of the Militia of 
Northampton County, to be charged to Capt. Thomas Dorsey, Pay 
Master of the State Militia. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Mr. Adam 
Reigart, for the Sum of Two Thousand Pounds to purchase Horses 
with, agreeable to the request of the Committee of Congress at 
Camp, for which he is to account. 

And the following orders were drawn on the Treasurer, Viz't : 

In favor of Rob't Curry, for taking up a Deserter, & his expen- 
ces, for £4 13 3, (Butler's Co., 3d Penns'a Reg't.) 

In favor of Will'm Clark, Esq'r, Paymaster of Cumberland 
Militia, for the Sum of One Thousand Pounds, to be charged to 
€apt. T. Dorsey, Paymaster of the State. 

In favor of Will'm C. Bradford, for the Sum of Two thousand 
Pounds, for Paying the Fleet, for which he is to account. 



452 MINUTES OF THE 

In favor of Capt. Joseph Irwin, of the 9th Penna'a Reg't, for 
the Sum of Eight hundred & twelve Dollars, for the purpose of Re- 
cruiting, for which he is to account. 



The Council Met. 

Lancaster, Wednesday April 1, 1778 
present : ~ 
Hi* Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Jos. Hart, Jonat'n Hoge, & ? ™ > 

Jacob Morgan, Jac. Arndt. $ ^ sq r8 * 

The following Resolves of the Hon'ble House of General Assem- 
bly being read, Viz't : 

"In General Assembly, April 1, 1778, P, M 

" A Letter from Tho's Hartley, Esq'r, Colonel of one of the 
Congress Regiments, to the Speaker, desiring leave to inlist for his 
Regiment within this State, & to be furnished with the bounty 
granted by this State for Recruits, & inclosing a resolve of Con- 
gress, that the men so inlisted should be considered a a part of the 
quota of this State, was read, & it was thereupon 

" Resolved, That the said Col. Hartley be permitted to enlist with- 
in this State, k that the men so by him recruited, be entitled to 
the bounty lately granted by this State for Soldiers inlisted for the 
Regiments of this State." 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Tho's Hartley, 
Esq'r, Colo of the Congress Reg't, for the Sum of Five 

Thousand Dollars, for the Recruiting Service, for which he is to 
account. 

On consideration, 

Ordered, That the first Class of the Militia of the County of 
Bucks be immediately called into service, & sent to Gen'l Lacy's 
Camp. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Colo. Will'm 
Clark, Pay Master of Militia for Cumberland County, for the Sum 
of Six Hundred Pounds, to be charged to Capt. Tho. Dorsey, Pay 
Master of Militia. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Capt. Matthew 
Scott, of the 13th Penns'a Reg't, for the Sum of Eight hundred & 
twelve Dollars, for the Recruiting Service, for which he is to account. 
An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Colonel Fred'k 
Antis, or to his order, the Sum of One thousand and Five hundred 
Pounds, to be delivered to Col. Weiss of Philadelphia County, to 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 453 

purchase Horses with, agreeable to the request Committee of the 
from Congress at Camp, for which Colo. Weiss is to account. 

The Council taking into consideration the case of John Brown, 
now under Parole at Manheim; thereupon, 

Ordered, That John Brown, now on Parole at Manheim, be di- 
rected to attend in this Borough, & that he be here discharged from 
the same. 

On consideration, 

Ordered, That Fred'k Watt, John Stuart, Alexa. Murry, jun'r, 
& Church Coxe, be appointed Justices of the Peace for the County 
of Cumberland. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Mr. Tho's,Jor 
dan, Pay M'r of Militia in the County of Northumberland, for the 
Sum of Five thousand Pounds, to be charged to Capt. Thomas Dor- 
sev, Pay Master of Militia. 

The Hon'ble House of General Assembly having this day ap- 
pointed George Wall, Esq'r, to be Sub-Lieutenant of the County 
of Bucks ; 

Ordered, That the said George Wall, Esq ? r, be Commissioned 
accordingly. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Thursday April 2d, 1778. 
present : 

His Exceil'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Jos. Hait, Jonat'n Hoge, & > ™ , 

Jacob Morgan, Jac'b Arndt, $ 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Mr. Peter De 
haven, for the Sum of One thousand Pounds, for which he is to 
acco't. 

It having been reported that Rich'd Backhouse, of Easton, a Dep- 
uty under R. L. Hooper, D. Q. M., has lately sent to Boston a 
Brigade of Waggons, which it is suspected were Public Waggons, 
drawing Public Forage, & that they have been employed in bring- 
ing Merchandize from Boston on some private account ; whereupon^ 

Ordered, Tho's Silliman, Sam'l Rea, Esq'rs, of the County of 
Northampton, be required to Summons such persons as may be 
probably acquainted with the said transaction, & fully examine 
them on Oath concerning it, & to take the necessary measures for 
securing all persons which may be concerned in carrying on this or 
any other public fraud, and make Report of their proceedings here- 
in, as well to do justice to the United States as to the Character of 
Mr, Backhouse, if the report shall appear to have been without 
foundation. 



454 MINUTES OF THE 

The Hon'ble House of General Assembly having entered into' the 
f.hree following Resolves : 

"In General Assembly, April 1, 1778, A. M. 

" Whereas, It is absolutely necessary that the quota of this 
State towards the Continental Army should be raised with the ut- 
most expedition, And that all means should be used for attaining 
that important end, 

1. "Resolved, That the Sum of Sixteen Dollars, lately resolved 
by this House to be paid to the recruiting Officer for each Soldier 
he shall inlist, shall also be paid to any person within this State, who 
shall procure an able-bodied recruit to inlist in any regiment belong- 
ing to this State, which said Sum shall be paid to the said person 
by the Lieutenant or nearest Sub- Lieutenant of the County, upon 
his delivering the said Ilecruit to him, together with an attestation 
of such inlistment, under the hand & Seal of some Justice of the 
County. 

2d. " Resolved, That it.be recommended to the Supreme Execu- 
tive Council to call upon the Lieutenants & Sub Lieutenants of the 
several Counties of this State, for fair & exact lists, distinguishing 
battalions & Companies, of all the Officers & Soldiers within this 
State, which shall be delivered in, on or before the first day of May 
next. 

3d. " Resolved, That it be recommended to the said Supreme 
Executive Council, to endeavour to procure the most exact & accu- 
rate accounts of what will be the deficiency of the quota of this 
State on the said first day of May next ; and that thereupon, & as 
soon as the said deficiency shall be known, theCouncil will fix, ascer- 
tain & allot to each of the said battalions the quota, proportion, or- 
number of men required of it for completing the Troops of this 
State ; and as soon as the said requisition and allotment are made 
known to the Commanding Officer of the Battalion, the Field Offi- 
cers thereof shall meet together & allot, fix & ascertain the number 
of men required of each Company of the said battalion , and the 
same being notified to the Commanding Officer of each Company, 
the Officers thereof shall procure by draught, lot, or any other 
means whatsoever, the number of Men required of the said Com- 
pany ; And the said men shall be delivered by the Commanding 
Officers of the Companies respectively, to the Lieutenant or nearest 
Sub-Lieutenant of the County, within ten days after such requisition 
made to the Company, who shall give a Certificate of their being 
received ; and the said Lieutenant or Sub-Lieutenant shall deliver 
the same men to the nearest recruiting Officer, who shall also give 
a Certificate of their receipt. And the said men so draughted or 
otherwise procured, shall serve as Soldiers in the Continental Army 
for the space of uiue months, or during the Campaign, unless sooner 
discharged. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 455 

4th. "Resolved, That every Militia Man who shall voluntarily 
inlist himself without draughting or lot, in pursuance of these Re- 
solves, shall be exempted from all Taxes for one Year after his 
time of Service elapsed;" Thereupon, 

Ordered, That the Lieutenants of the several Counties be re- 
quired immediately to make the returns to this Council as ordered 
by the above 2nd Resolve, & that he take care to have them made 
on or before the said first day of May. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer, in favor of Colo. John 
Bird, for the Sum of One Thousand & five hundred Pounds, to be 
by him forwarded to Mr. James Ramsay, of Bedford County, to 
Purchase Horses, agreeable to the request of the Committee of 
Congress. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Colo. Rob't 
Culbertson, of Cumberland County, for the Sum of Two Thousand 
Pounds, to purchase Horses with to mount the Cavalry, agreeable to 
the request of the Committee of Congress at Camp. 

The Hon'ble House of Assembly having nominated Thomas 
Levis, Esq'r, to be a Sub-Lieutenant of the County of Chester, 

Ordered, That he be commissioned accordingly. 

An order was drawn on the Tresurer in favor of Stephen Coch- 
ran, "Esq'r, for the Suin of Two thousand Pounds, to be by him 
paid to Mr. Sam'l Futhey, of the County of Chester, to purchase 
Horses with to mount the Cavalry, agreeable to the request of the 
Committee of Congress, lately at Camp. 

The Hon'ble House of Assembly having appointed George Read- 
ing, Esq'r, to be a Sub-Lieutenant of the County of Westmorland, 
in the room and stead of James Pollock, who is superceeded be- 
cause he hath not taken the Oath of Allegiance to tj^s State, 

Ordered-, That he be Commissioned accordingly. 



i 

The Council met. 

Lancaster, Friday April 3, 1778. 

PRESENT : 

His EecelFy THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Jos. Hart, Jona'n Hoge, & ? -p » 

Jacob Morgan, Jac. Arndt, $ * S ° 

The following Resolve of the Hon'ble House of General Assem- 
bly of yesterday being read, in the following words, Viz : 

"In GenT Assembly, April 2d, 1778, A. M. 

u Resolved, That the Hon'ble tytyr . Speaker, Colo. Knox, Doct. 
Caxdner, Colo. Clark h Mr. McLene, be a Committee to confer with 



456 MINUTES OF THE 

the Council on the best means of reducing three Reg'ts belonging 
to the quota of this State, & also to resolve & determine in conjunc- 
tion with Council, which Regiments and what officers shall be so 
Teduced;& that they make report of their proceedings to this House 
at their next Sitting." 

The Hon'ble the Speaker of the House, Colo. King, Col Clark, 
k Mr. McLene, of the Committee mentioned in the foregoing Re- 
solve of the Hon'ble House, & also the Hon'ble Joseph Reed, 
Esq'r, one of a Committee of Congress lately at Camp, attended 
In Council. 

The present State of the Thirteen Battalions belonging to this 
Commonwealth, now being read before the Council & Gentlemen 
in conference & in the Continental Service, the circumstances at- 
tending them respectively, carefully attended to by them; and after 
a. full discussion of the difficulties arising from the various modes 
proposed for reducing the three Regiments, agreeable to the Reso- 
lution of Congress, 

Ordered, That the 13th, 12th & 11th be joined with some other 
of the Regiments. 

That as the State of the Second & third Battalions require con- 
siderable alterations to be made, the 13th Battalion be incorpora- 
ted with the Second, & that Colo. Walter Stewart take the Com- 
mand in the room of Colo. Becker. 

That the Twelfth Battalion be incorporated with the third Bat- 
talion. 

That the Eleventh Battalion be incorporated with the tenth, be- 
ing the next youngest Battalion; and that Colo. Humphreys take 
the Command in »he room of Colo. Nagle. 

That the arrangement of the other Officers be submitted to the 
direction of the Committee of the Hon'ble Congress, lately sent to 
Camp, as they will be possessed of the best information whereon to 
found a judgment herein. At the same time, it is recommended 
to them to regard the date of Commissions where there is equal 
merit; but as the reason on which the rule adopted in such cases in 
j>lder Countries is founded, does not fully extend to a service so 
new as that of the United States of America is, where there are de- 
ficiencies in the conduct of any Officer, and it appears to be for the 
interest of the Service to remove him & to advance others in con- 
sideration of merit,, that the interest of the service be allowed its. 
due weight, * 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 457 

The Council met. 

Lancaster, Saturday April 4, 1778. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President, 
Joseph Hart, Jonathan Hoge, &") 

Jacob Morgan, James Edgar, J-Esq'rs. 

Jacob Arndt, \ 

Colo. Broadhead attended the Council & represented the neces- 
sity of Bayonets in his Battalion, & the great difficulty of pro- 
curing workmen to make them ; On consideration, 

Ordered, That if it shall happen to be the Tour of duty in the 
Militia, of any Workman which shall be employed in making Bayo- 
nets & Belts for Colonel Broadhead's Brigade, he shall continue in 
that employment, & be allowed Rations & Pay as if actually 
in the field, & that it be considered as a performance of his Tour of 
duty for such time as he shall be actually employed in making such 
Bayonets & Beits ; and that the Lieutenants & Sub-Lieutenants of 
the County are hereby directed to take care that this Resolve be 
faithfully executed,- without abuses of any kind. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Jacob S. 
Howell, for the Sum of Five Hundred Pounds, for which he is to 
account. 



The Council met. 



Lancaster, Monday April 6, 1778. 



present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Jos. Hart, James Edgar, & ) ™ , 

Jonat'n Hoge, Jacob Arndt, 5 m( f rs ' 

The Hon'ble Jacob Morgan, Esq'r, /having resigned his Seat in 
Council; thereupon, 

Ordered, That a Writ be issued to the Sheriff of the County of 
Berks, commanding him to hold ah Election for chusing a Coun- 
cilor for the said County, agreeable to the Constitution, & make 
return thereof on or before Tuesday the 6th of May next. 

A Letter from His Excell'y Gen'l Washington, inclosing one 
from Mrs. Mary Pemberton to him, requesting a Protection for one 
or more Waggons, & for the persons who may be employed to go 
with them to Winchester, to carry necessaries for the Prisoners 
sent there from this State ; On consideration, 



458 MINUTES OF THE 

Ordered, That a Protection be granted for Two Waggons & the 
necessary persons to take care of them, & conduct them to this 
borough, on their way to the said Prisoners. fc 



The Council met. 



Lancaster, Tuesday April 7, 1778. 



present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r,*Esq'r, President. 
Jos. Hart, James Edgar, & 



Janat'n Hoge, Jacob Arndt, C v > 



, & e, Jacob Ar 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of John Conrad & 
John Marks, for the Sum of One hundred & One Pounds & four 
Pence, balance due to them for Thirty days Stage Waggon hire in 
conducting the Prisoners to Virginia, at Four Pounds Ten Shillings 
^P day, they having received of George Ross, Esq'r, the Sum of 
Thirty-three Pounds Nineteen Shillings & Eight Pence, in part ; 
And, 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of George Ross, 
jun'r, for the Sum of Thirty- three Pounds Nineteen Shillings & 
Eight Pence, advanced by him as aforesaid j this last order being 
interwoven in the former one. 

Mr. Benja. Rittenhouse, Superintendent of the Gun Lock Facto- 
ry, having represented to the Council that the Pay allowed him is 
insufficient for the maintainance of his Family, & prayed that his 
Salary may be increased, 

On consideration, 

Ordered, That Mr. Benja. Rittenhouse be allowed, for Superin- 
tending the Gun Lock Factory, the Sum of Five hundred Pounds 
"$ Ann., to Commence from the 15th Feb'ry last. 

Petitions of divers Volunteers who went from Antrim & Peters' 
Township into service in November last, setting forth, 

That in consequence of the invitation of the President & Gen'l 
Armstrong, & that they have served at Camp in expectation that 
it would have been considered as a tour of duty done by them, but 
that the Lieutenant of the County is now about to order them to be 
fined for not turning out in their Classes respectively, being read ; 
on consideration, 

Ordered, That agreeable to the order of Council to the Lieuten- 
ants of the several Counties dated the. 23d day of October last, all 
persons who had not gone out in their turn in the Classes called 
before that time, & who turned out & served two months according 
to the said order, such service shall be considered as a full compen- 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 459 

sation for their former neglect, & that all persons whose turn it was 
iiot then to go into the field, & who notwithstanding, went out vol- 
untarily & served a tour out of their turn, be exempted from their 
then next tour of duty ; But Council hath not any legal authority 
to extend this exemption to those who refused to go in their turn 
under the Officers which had been duly chosen by the People, & 
Commissioned accordingly. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Colo. Dan'l 
Broadhead, for the Sum of Three Thousand Seven hundred & Six 
& One-third Dollars, to be by him delivered to sundry Officers of 
Colo, Stewart's Batt'n, who have been recruiting, to be charged to 
Col. Walter Stewart. 



The Council Met. 

Lancaster, Wednesday April 8, 1778, 

PRESENT : 

Hi3 Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Jos. Hart, James Edgar, & ? -p > 

Jonat'n Hoge, Jacob Arndt, $ *" 

Ordered, That Five hundred weight of Lead be delivered by 
John Hubley, Esq'r, Store-keeper, to Major Wertz, for the pur- 
pose of makiug Cartridges, agreeable to a resolve of Congress. 

Mr. John Brown attended the Council, agreeable to the order of 
the first instant, & was discharged from the Parole under which, 
for some time past, he has been enlarged, And the surety of good 
behaviour given by him is not to extend to his conduct from this 
date. 
Colo. Joseph Hart having attended in Council 84 

days, last ending the 15th of October, @ 25s ^ 

dav, - - - -•'.;.- £!0b 

Mileage on 20 Miles, - ... . . 16 8 

From the 15th of October to the 1st April inst., 

187 days @ 35s, - . - ' - - 292 5 

Mileage on 70 Miles, - - - - 5 16 8 



^403 18 4 



An order was drawn in his favor for the Sum of Four hundred 
& three Pounds Eighteen Shillings & four Pence, for his Pay to 
1st ins. 

A Resolve of Congress of the 19th March last, being now read 
in Council, as follows : 



460 MINUTES OF THE 

"In Congress, March 19th, 1778. 

" Resolved, That it be recommended to each State to appoint 
some suitable person or persons to get made, with all possible dis- 
patch, as many complete sets of accoutrements & spare bayonet 
Sheaths as shall be sufficient for their respective quota of Troops ; 
The Cartridge Boxes to be made to hold at least Twenty-nine 
rounds of Cartridges, when made up with ounce Balls, & the cover 
of good substantial leather, with a small cover or flap under it, that 
the Ammunition may be most effectually guarded against rain j & 
to prevent impositions from the workmen, that proper inspectors be 
appointed to examine & receive the accoutrements, with orders to 
reject such as are bad *& insufficient; & that the accoutrements so 
provided be sent forward with the Troops, or as soon after as possi- 
ble ; That in case in any State they have quantities of Tin, instead 
of the Cartouch Boxes, an equal number of Tin Cartridge Cannis- 
ters be furnished, agreeable to a pattern or description to be sent 
by the board of War.'' 

Ordered, That William Henry, Esq'r, be appointed to procure 
the accoutrements to be made agreeable to the foregoing Resolve 
of Congress. 

The Resolve of Congress of the 16th March last, " That the 
board of War be directed to deliver over to the order of the Presi- 
dent & Council of Pennsylvania, the Prisoners sent from this State 
to Virginia," being now read, & the law for the further security of 
the Government taken into consideration, as far as the same may 
affect the said Prisoners ; thereupon, 

Ordered, That the said Prisoners, to Wit : Israel Pember- 
ton, John Hunt, James Pemberton, John Pemberton, Thomas 
Wharton, Edward Pennington, Henry Drinker, Thomas Gilpin, 
Charles Jervis, Thomas Fisher, Samuel Pleasants, Thomas Af- 
flick, Elijah Brown, Owen Jones, jun'r, Samuel Fisher, Wil- 
liam Smith, Miers Fisher, Charles Eddy, & William Drewitt 
Smith, be brought to Shippensburgh in this State, & there en- 
larged ) That they be informed of the Law passed for the fur- 
ther security of the Government, by giving to Mr. Israel Pem- 
berton, or some one of the said Prisoners a printed Copy of the 
said Law for the inspection of the whole ; That Mr. Francis Bailey 
& Capt. Lang be appointed to apply to the Board of War for, & 
receive from them an order for the delivery of the Prisoners sent 
from this State to Virginia, & that the Board of War be requested 
to give orders for such assistance in procuring Waggons to bring 
the Prisoners into this State as may be necessary ; That the said 
Francis Bailey & Capt. Lang receive & conduct the said Prisoners 
to Shippensburgh in this State, & there set them at liberty ; and 
that on their journey they be treated with the respect due to their 
Characters. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 461 

Ordered, That the Lieutenants of the Counties through which 
the aforesaid Prisoners may pass, do give the necessary assist- 
ance to Mr. Bayley & Capt. Lang, by furnishing Waggons, or other 
assistance which they may stand in need of. 

Ordered, That the whole expence of arresting & confining the 
Prisoners sent to Virginia, the expences of their journey, & all other 
incidental charges, be paid by the said Prisoners. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Francis Bailey, 
& Capt. James Lang, for the Sum of One hundred and fifty Pounds, 
for which they are to account. 

The Hon'ble Jonathan B. Smith, Esq'r, Delegate of this State 
in Congress, having inclosed to this Council a. draft in the follow- 
. ing words, Vizt : 

" Dollars 50,000. " Yorktown, Mar. 30, 1778. 

" Sir : 

" Pay to the Hon'ble the President & Council of the State of Penn- 
sylvania, or order, the Sum of Fifty Thousand Dollars, it being to 
be by them put into the hands of proper persons, for the purpose 
of purchasing Horses in said State for the use of the Army of the 
United States, & to be paid out of such Money as you have or may 
receive in consequence of issues of Loan Office Certificates, the 
said State to be accountable. 

" I am Sir, 

" Your very humble Servant, 
" (Signed) HENRY LAURENS, President. 
u To Thomas Smith, Esq'r, Commissi of the Continental 
Loan Office for the State of Pennsylvania. " 

And underwritten, "March 30, 1778, Passed in Treasury Office." 
" (Signed) WM. GOVETT, Aud'r G'l." 

Ordered, That the foregoing draft be made payable to David 
Eittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Thursday April* 9th, 1778, 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y, THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President, 
Jos. Hart, James Edgar, <& > «* , 

Jonat'n Hoge, Jacob Arndt. \ ^ m 



462 MINUTES OF THE 

The Council Ynet. 

Lancaster, Friday April 10, 1?7£. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President, 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Joseph Hart, James Edgar, & ) ™ » 

Jonathan Hoge, Jacob Arndt. } * 

The recommendation by four of the Justices & the Sheriff of the 
County of Northampton, of Robert Clarke, convicted of Felony in 
the said County, as a fit object of Mercy, & interceding for the 
remission of his fine and corporal punishment, was read, & the rea- 
sons whereon the same is founded being considered ; whereupon, 

Ordered, That the fine & corporal punishment adjudged by the 
Court of the County of Northampton, to be inflicted on a certain 
Robert Clarke, be remitted. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Mr. Joseph 
Carson, for the Sum of Nine thousand & forty-three Pounds and 
Ten Shillings, the balance due to him for a quantity of Woollen? 
seized by this Council in the Great Swamp in the County of Bucks, 
& applied to the Cloathing of the Continental Troops, agreeable to a 
resolve of Congress for that purpose j the said Sum, together with 
the Sum of Seven Thousand Pounds drawn in favor of the said 
Carson of the 7th January last, be charged to James Meas, Esq'r, 
Clothier General of the United States. 

Mr. James Futhy having delivered into the Continental Stable, 
Eleven Horses purchased by him, 

Ordered) That the Secretary give Mr. Futhy a Certificate of 
the same. 

An Address from the Wives & near friends of the Prisoners in 
Virginia being read & considered j thereupon* 

Ordered, That the Prisoners now in Virginia be brought to this 
Borough, instead of being enlarged at Shippensburgh. 

The beard of War having sent to Council an order to Jos. Holmes, 
Esq'r, to deliver over to the order of the President^ Council of this 
State all Prisoners of this State now under his care; thereupon, 

Ordered, That an order be endorsed thereon for the delivery of 
the said Prisoners to Mr. Francis & Capt. Lang. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of David Watson, 
Esq'r, for the Sum of One thousand & five hundred Dollars, for the 
purpose of purchasing Horses in the County of York, for the Con- 
tinental Cavalry. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Mr. Sara. Fu- 
thy, for the Sum of One thousand & five hundred Dollars, to be 
paid in Loan Office Certificates, for the like purpose, in the County 
of Chester. / 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 46S 

The Council Met. 

■ # 
Lancaster, Saturday April 11, 1778. 

present: 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Jos. Hart, James Edgar, & > -^V, 

Jonat'n Hoge, Jacob Arndt. 3 & 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Tho's Dorsey, 
Paymaster of Militia, for the Sum of Fifteen thousand Dollars, for 
which he is to account. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Colo. Steph'n 
Bayard, for the Sum of One Hundred & Twenty Dollars, for the 
recruiting Service, for which he is to account. 



The Council Met. 

Lancaster, Monday April 13, If ?& 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Joseph Hart, James Edgar, & ? ™ « 

Jonathan Hoge, Jacob Arndt. J .'" 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Col. Steph'n 
Bayard, for the Sum of One thousand four hundred and Forty Dol- 
lars, for the recruiting Service, & for which he is to account. 
A Letter from Mr. Trio's Savage being read and considered, 
Ordered, That Mr. Tho's Savage be directed to lay before the 
Council the State of his accounts, in order that a judgment may be 
formed of what is proper to be further done in this business* 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Capt, Sutter., 
for the Sum of Ten pounds, to be charged to Mr, Thomas Savage. 



ite MINUTES OF THE 

The Council Met. 

Lancaster, Tuesday April 14, 1778 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Jos. Hart James Edgar, & [ ™ , 

Jonat'n Hoge, Jacob Arndt, ( s( l r • 

Francis Bryan, a Private belonging to the Chatham Galley, 
having lost his Arm in the Service, made application to the Council 
for a present supply of Money, (& producing a furlow for one 
Month j) 

On consideration, 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of the' said Fran- 
cis Bryan, for the Sum of Five Pounds, to be charged to William 
0. Bradford, Paymaster of the Fleet. 



The Council Met. 

Lancaster, Wednesday April 15, 1778,. 
present : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Jos. Hart, James Edgar, & ) ^ , 

Jonat'n Hoge, Jacob Arndt, 5 ^ r8 ' 

Gen'l Wayne having recommended divers officers to be sent on 
the Recruiting Service, (for which see 21st instant.) 

Capt. Jacob Weaver of the 10th Pennsylvania Battalion. 

Lieut. Killer of the 10th Pennsylvania Battalion, sent into Lan- 
caster County, with orders on the Lieutenant of the County. 

Lieut. McOlellan, of the 1st Pennsylvania Battalion. 

Capt. Miller of the 7th Pennsylvania Battalion, sent into the 
County of Cumberland, with orders on the Lieutenant of the said 
County. 

The following orders were drawn on the Treasurer, Viz : 

In favor of Capt. Weaver, for the Sum of One hundred & fifty 
Dollars. 

In favor of Lieut. Killer, for the Sum of One hundred & fifty 
Dollars. 

In favor of Capt. Miller, for the Sum of One hundred & fifty 
Dollars. 

In favor of Lieut. McClellan, for the Sum of One hundred & 
fifty Dollars. 

For which said Suras respectively, the aforesaid Gentlemen, in 
whose favor the orders were drawn, are to account. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 465 

Capfc. Tho's Gourly, of the 9th Pennsylvania Regiment, having 
requested by Colo. Butler to undertake the Recruiting Service, 
attended the Council & received Recruiting orders for the County 
of York, with the general instructions to call on the Lieut, of the 
said County for Money. 

Major Gen'l Green having represented to the Council, on the 13th 
instant, that there may probably be cases of great necessity for 
Waggons for the Army, which cannot be supplied by the mode di- 
rected by the Waggon Law; and that great difficulties have arisen 
in procuring Waggon Masters & Teamsters, in consequence of the 
demands made upon them for their services in the Militia, or Pay- 
ment Substitution Money, in lieu of such Service ; and the same 
being taken into consideration, this Council are of opinion, That 
whenever, <feca. (See the 18th instant.) 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Thursday April 16, 1778, 
present: i • 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President, 
Jos. Hart, James Edgar, & ) ™ , 

Jonat'n Hoge, Jac. Arndt, j ^ TS ' 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Friday April 17, 1778. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Jos, Hart, James Edgar, & ) -^ , 

Jonat'n Hoge, Jac. Arndt. \ £( * rs * 

A Certificate signed by WilPm Crispin, Commissary, setting 
forth that he had took by force 121 Gallons of Jamaica Spirits for 
the use of the Fleet, on the 20th November, being laid before the 
Council, and it appearing to have been very old Spirit, for which 
he could have had Five Pounds P Gallon. ; whereupon, 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Elias Boyee, 
for the Sum of Six hundred & five Pounds, to be charged to Will'm 
Crispin, Commissary. 

The Hon'ble Jonathan B. Smith, Esq'r, Delegate of this State- 
in Congress, inclosed to the President an order in the following- 
words, Viz : 

VOL, xi. — 30. 



466 MINUTES OF THE 

" For 20,000 Dollars. 

« York Town, 15 April, 1778. 
'-'Sir: 

Ff Pay to the President & Council of the State of Pennsylvania, 
or his order, the Sum of Twenty Thousand Dollars, to be by them 
put into the hands of proper persons for the purpose of purchasing 
Horses in said State, for the use of the Army of the United States, 
and the State to be accountable. 
" I am Sir, 

" Your very humble Serv"'t, 
" (Signed,) HENRY LAURENS, President, 
" To Thomas Smith, Esq'r, Commissary of the Continental Loan 
il Office, in the State of Pennsylvania." 

Underwritten thus, " Entered in the Treasury Office, 15th April 
1778. 

" (Signed) JOHN GIBSON, Aud'r Gen'l." 

Ordered, That the aforesaid draft be made payable to Dav'd Rit- 
tenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer of this State. 



& -i 

:ay, V-Esq'] 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Saturday April 18, 1778. 
s 

PRESENT I 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Joseph Hart, Jacob Arndt, & 

Jonathan Hoge, Mackay, 

James Edgar, 

Henry Spyker, Pay Master of Militia of the County of Berks, 
applied to Council for Money to pay the Militia of that County, k 
the Treasury being very low, On Consideration, 

Ordered, That a draft be given to Mr. Spyker, on Colo. Jacob 
Morgan, Lieut, of the said County of Berks, for the Sum of Six 
Thousand Pounds, and accordingly, 

An order was drawn on Colo. Jacob Morgan, Lieutenant of the 
County of Berks, in favor of Henry Spyker, for the Sum of Six 
Thousand Pounds to Pay the Militia,- for which he is to account. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Mr. Christ' n 
Lower, one of the Commissioners for purchasing of Horses in the 
County of Northampton, for the Sum of Two thousand Five hun- 
dred Pounds to pay the Militia, for which he is to account. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Fred'k Snei- 
der, Doorkeeper, for the Sum of One hundred & thirty-one Pounds 
One Shilling & Six Pence, being the Amount of his account for 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 467 

sundry small expeuces paid by him, and for his attendance 123 
days, ending the 16th instant. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Robert Craig, 
one of the Commissioners of Lancaster County, for purchasing 
Cloathing, for the Sum of Two thousand Pounds, for which the said 
Craig is to account. 

It having been represented to this Council that a considerable 
number of the Militia of the County of Chester, heretofore called 
in their respective Classes, from various circumstances have not 
performed their Tour of duty, nor as yet paid their Substitution 
Money, & the same being now considered ; thereupon, 

Ordered, That such of the Militia of the County of Chester as 
have not performed their Tour of duty, or paid their Substitution 
Money, be now called into service, & that the serving two Months 
under the present call, shall be accepted in lieu of their former 
service. 

Major Gen'l Green having on the 13th instant represented to 
the Council that there may probably be cases of great & immediate 
necessity for Waggons for the use of the Army, which cannot be 
supplied in the mode pointed out by the Waggon Law, so as to an- 
swer such emergency ; & he expressing an earnest desire of acting 
in the discharge of his duty as Quarter Master Gen'l in perfect 
harmony with this State, & of conforming to the Laws of it, pro- 
posed that some further authority be given by Law to him & his 
deputies in extra cases. The Subject being duly considered, this 
Council are of opinion, That whenever a Sudden & extraordinary 
emergency shall make the impressing of Waggons by a Military 
force absolutely necessary, that necessity must, from the nature of 
things, justify the impressing by force of Arms, but that it would 
be improper to trust such powers in the Military by Law: And 
Maj. Gen'l Green having represented to Council That great diffi- 
culties had arisen in the procuring of Waggon Masters & Team- 
sters, in consequence of the demands made on them for their ser- 
vice in the Militia, or for Payment of Substitution Money in lieu 
of such Service ; On consideration the Council are of opinion, That 
Waggon Masters & Waggon drivers, actually enlisted in the Conti- 
nental service for a reasonable time, are not liable to serve in the 
Militia during the time of their continuing in such service, nor sub- 
ject to the Payment of Substitution Money : And that an enlist- 
ment in either of these services for Six Months, or longer time, 
ought to be considered by the Lieutenants & Sub-Lieutenants of the 
respective Counties of this State, as a good and sufficient cause to 
forbear levying the Substitution Money in such cases. 



9 
m MINUTES OF THE 

The Council met. 

Lancaster, Monday April 20, 1778 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
Joseph Hart, Jacob Arndt, & ~) 

Jonat'n Hoge, Mackay, I Esq'rs. 

James Edgar, J 

Two Letters from Mr. Benja. Fishbourne, A. D. C, to Gen'E 
Wayne, of 12th & 16th of April ins't., mentioning that Capt. 
Joshua Williams is appointed to the recruiting Service in the place 
of Lieu't Henderson ; that Capt. Joseph Irwin & Lieu't Vanleer y 
of the 9th Pennsylvania Battalion, were appointed also to the re- 
cruiting service, & that Colo. Butler had sent out other Officers to 
recruit, requesting they may be supplied by Council with Money 
for that purpose. 

Ordered, That these Gentlemen be furnished with recruiting or- 
ders & drafts for such Monies as shall be necessary. 



The Council met. 



Lancaster, Tuesday A.pril 21, 1778. 



PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
Joseph Hart, Jacob Ardnt, & ~) 

Jonat'n Hoge, — — Mackay, I Esq'rs. 

James Edgar, J 

The Council resuming the consideration of the case of the Pr: 
soners which are ordered to this Borough from Winchester, agree- 
able to the request of Mrs. Jones, Mrs. Pemberton, Mrs. Pleasants T 
and Mrs. Drinker, & the same being fully considered ; thereupon, 

Ordered, That on their arrival here, it shall be at the election 
of the said Prisoners to be set at liberty in this Borough, or at 
Pottsgrove in the County of Philadelphia. 

A Letter from the Board of War : 

Ordered, That the following officers recruit in the County 
against their names respectively set, Vizt : 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 463 

Capt. Mich'l Hoofnagle, of the 8th Penns'a Battalion, Lancaster Co. 
Capt. John Bankson, 2nd - do. 

Lieut. James Forbes, 5th ... do. 

Lieut. Henry Piercy, 2nd - - do. 

Capt. John Harris, 11th - - - Northumber- 

land do. 
Capt Nehemiah Stokely, 8th - - - York County. 

Lieut. James McCulloch, 5th ... do. 

Lieut. Thomas Campbell, 4th - do. 

Lieut. Samuel Gray, 4th ... do. 

Capt. Thomas Buchanan, 1st - Cumberland co. 

Lieut. Thomas M'Coy, 7th do. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of the eleven for- 
going Gentlemen, for the Sum of one hundred & fifty Dollars each. 
for the recruiting Service, & for which they are to account. 

The following orders were also drawn on the Treasurer, Vizt : 

In favor of Capt. Joseph Irwin, for the Sum of Three hundred 
Dollars, for the recruiting Service in the County of Cumberland, 
for himself & his Lieut., William Vanleer. 

In favor of Capt. Joshua Williams, for the Sum of three hun- 
dred Dollars, for the recruiting service, for which he is to account. 
(He Recruits in the County of York.) 



The Council met. 



Lancaster, Thursday April 23, 1778. 



PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THOS. WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
Joseph Hart, Jacob Arndt, & 1 

Jonat'n Hoge, Mackay, i-Esq'rs. 

James Edgar, J 

The case of James Hamilton, Esq'r, being taken into considera- 
tion ) after mature deliberation, 

Ordered, That the Parole signed by James Hamilton, Esq'r, he 
delivered up to him, & that he be fully discharged from all qon- 
finement. 

Peter Sommers laid before the Council an order drawn by Will'm 
C. Bradford, in favor of Henry Shriver, for the Sum of One hun- 
dred & Sixty-seven Pounds & five Shillings, to be charged to the 
said Will'm C. Bradford. 

And an order was drawn by William Crispin, Commissary of 
the State Fleet, in favor of Lasky & Shriver, for the Sum of Eleven 
hundred & twenty-eight Pounds Seventeen Shillings & Six Pence. 



470 MINUTES OF THE 

for sundry Cattle delivered for the use of the Fleet, the said Sum 
to be charged to the said WilPm Crispin. These orders not being 
endorsed to Mr. Sommers, & therefore not payable to him, the 
Council found a difficulty in granting an order on the Treasury ; 
but Capt. Joseph Blewer having represented that the Money had 
been long due, & that Sommers was in Partnership with Lasky & 
Shriver ; on consideration, 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Captain Joseph 
Blewer, for the Sum of One hundred & Sixty-Seven Pounds five 
Shillings, to be charged to Will'm C. Bradford, Paymaster of the 
Fleet. 

Also an order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Capt. 
Joseph Blewer, for the Sum of of One Thousand One hundred & 
Twenty Eight Pounds, Seventeen Shillings & Six Pence, the same 
to be charged to Will'm Crispin, Commissary. 

Petition of John Young, (convicted in the County of Bedford, 
of having stolen 2 lbs. of lead, & sentenced to receive Seven lashes,) 
Praying that his Punishment may be remitted, & the recommen- 
dation of him as an object of mercy by several Justices of the said 
County, (and offering himself a Soldier in the Continental Army,) 
was read ; Thereupon, 

Ordered, That the Corparal Punishment of the said John Young 
be remitted, he entering into the Continental Army, to serve three 
Years or during the present war. 

The two following orders were drawn on the Treasurer, for the 
recruiting Service, Vizt : 

In favor of Philip Gibbons, Lieut, in the Sixth Pennsylvania 
Reg't, for One hundred k fifty Dollars, for which he is to account. 
In favor of Capt. Jacob Monser of the sixth Pennsylv'a Reg't, for 
One. hundred & fifty Dollars, for which he is to account. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of the Hon'ble 
George Bryan, Esq'r, for the Sum of Four hundred & Fifty Pounds, 
balance of his half year's salary, due the first of March last. 

Capt. Joseph Blewer of the Navy board, attended the Council, 
and informed that it was intended to have sunk the Gondolas, &ca. 7 
on Tuesday last, near Trenton, & therefore, there cannot be any 
further use in continuing the Men belonging to them at Trenton, 
and that there is about twenty sick k wounded belonging to the 
Boats, which require care k attention ; That the Ammunition, 
Sails, Arms, Stores, belonging to the Boats, are at Pitts-town in 
New Jersey, and require some guards to be kept over them ; That 
the Cannon k shot are sunk in different places in New Jersey ; 
That about 7G pieces of Canvas k some Oznabrigs, which were on 
board the Store Sloop, was at Northampton, under the care of Capt. 
Joseph Stiles. 

Ordered, That all the linens in possession of Capt. Joseph 
Stiles at Northampton, suitable for the purpose, be made up into 
Shirts for the Soldiers ; k that he be requested to get them made 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 471 

as expeditiously a3 possibly, & acquaint this Council of his pro- 
gress therein. 

On consideration of the state of the Navy, made by Captain 
Blewer, 

Ordered, That the men belonging to the Navy be ordered up to 
this borough, under the direction of such Officers as the Navy 
Board, to whom they are best known, may judge most proper, & 
that two Months' Pay, over & besides what is due to them, be 
paid to the remaining Officers & then discharged, as there appears not 
to be any further service for them at present; That a small guard 
be left at Pitts Town until the Stores be removed ; That the Sick 
be ordered to this Borough, by way of Reading; That the Am- 
munition & most valuable Stores be removed from Pitts town to 
Eastern, in the County of Northampton, & the remainder com- 
mitted to the care of Mr. Moore Furman ; That the Waggon Mas- 
ter of the County of Bucks, furnish Waggons to the State Navy 
Board for the removal of the Sick & baggage from Trenton to this* 
borough ; That the Waggon Master of the County of Northamp- 
ton furnish Waggons to the State Navy Board for the removal of 
the Stores from Pitts town, in New Jersey, to Easton, in this 
State. 



The Council met. 



Lancaster, Friday April 24, 1778. 



n 



PRESENT I 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Yice President. 
Joseph Hart, Jacob Arndt, & 

Jonat'n Hoge, < Mackay, J^Esq'rs. 

James Edgar, 

The Council taking into consideration the rations to be allowed 
to Commodore Hazlewood, agreeable to their Letter to him of the 
8th of January, 1778 ; 

Ordered, That Commodore Hazlewood be allowed Six Rations 
^ Diem, from the time of his appointment. 

A petition of divers inhabitants of the Township of Bern, in the 
County of Berks, setting forth that the Justices appointed in the 
said Township have declined to act, & praying that Mich'l Linden- 
muth & Gabriel Heister may be appointed in their stead ; being 
read & considered, 

Ordered, That Michael Lindenmuth and Gabriel Hiester be ap- 
pointed Justices of the Peace for the County of Berks, & were 
Commissioned accordingly. 



472 MINUTES OF THE 

The Council met. 

Lancaster, Saturday April 25, 1778. 

PRESENT I 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Joseph Hart, Jacob Arndt, & ? -n » 

Jonathan Hoge, Mackay, 5 

The case of divers persons sent by Gen'l Lacey to this place as 
dangerous persons, against whom it had been made appear that 
they have supplied Provisions to the Enemy or to persons within 
the City, now in possession of the Enemy, & that they had been 
adjudged by a Court Martial to Six months' imprisonment; On 
consideration, 

Ordered, That James McGill, WilPm Morgan, John Wiggons, 
Jacob Crusel, James MoCarty, Abram Vankirk, and David Wil- 
liams, be committed to the Goal of this County, until further orders 
from this Council. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Monday April 27, 1778 

PRESENT '. 

His Excell'y THOS. WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 



Esq'rs. 



Joseph Hart, Jacob Arndt, & 
Jonat'n Hoge, Mackay. 

Capt. Lang & Mr. Bayly report, That they had received from 
Alex'a White, Esq'r, who acted for & in behalf of Joseph Holmes, 
Esq'r, Deputy Commissary of Prisoners, the following persons, 
agreeable to the orders of this Council, Vizt : 1 Israel Pemberton, 
2 James Pemberton, 3 John Pemberton, 4 Henry Drinker, 5 Sam- 
uel Pleasants, 6 Will'm Smith, 7 Edw'd Pennington, 8 Tho's 
Wharton, 9 Owen Jones, 10 Charles Eddy, 11 Charles Jervis, 12 
Elijah Brown, 13 Thomas Fisher, 14 Sam'l It. Fisher, and 15 
Myers Fisher; and that the said Gentlemen were now in this bo- 
rough, agreeable to the order of Council. 

They also report that they had received at the same time the 
three following persons, Vizt : William Rodan, formerly of Phila- 
delphia, Waterman, Thomas Patterson, formerly a servant of Mr. 
Dav'd Sproat of Philadelphia, & Jacobus Quigg, late of New 
Jersey, who had been sent to Virginia with the aforesaid Prisoners, 
and that they had been informed by Alex'a White, Esq'r, that 
Thomas Gilpin & John Hunt were dead. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 473 

Thomas Aiflick, one of the Prisoners sent to Virginia, having 
obtained leave to come to this borough, in consideration of the 
dangerous illness of his Wife, being also arrived here, 

Ordered, That John Rodan, Tho's Patterson & Jacobus Quigg, 
be sent to Goal until further examined. 

The case of the Prisoners brought from Virginia, & now in this 
borough, being considered ; thereupon, 

Ordered, That they be immediately sent to Pottsgrove in the 
County of Philadelphia, & there discharged from confinement; and 
that they be furnished with a copy of the order, which shall be 
deemed a discharge. 

N6te, under the Certified Copy of this Resolve, given to the 
respective Gentlemen, the following Certificate was inserted & 
signed by the Secretary, Vizt : 

(A. B.,) of the City of Philadelphia, Gentleman, one of the 
Prisoners referred to by the above order of Council, is hereby 
permitted, with his Horses, Servants & Baggage, to pass unmoles- 
ted into the County of Philadelphia, agreeable to the said order, 
which is to be respected as their discharge. 

Mr. John Pemberton's tender conscience being hurt by the words, 
ie agreeable to the said order, &ca.," the Secretary inserted in his 
Certificate the following, " and he is there to be considered as dis- 
charged." 

A pass to Philadelphia for Mrs. Jones, Mrs. Pemberton, Mrs. 
Phasants & Mrs. Drinker, & for Israel Morris, who attended them, 
being requested ; 

On consideration, 

Ordered, That a Pass be granted to the aforesaid persons, with 
their servant, to return to Head Quarters, & from thence to Phila- 
delphia, if Gen'l Washington shall think it proper for them so 
to do. 

The following orders were drawn, Viz't : 

In favor of " Mr. Will'm Hart, or his order, for the Sum of One 
thousand Pounds, for the purpose of purchasing Horses for the use 
of the Army, and inform Dav'd Rittenhouse, Esq'r, Treasurer there- 
with, that he may charge Mr. Hart with that Sum, & Credit the 
same to Col. Joseph Kirkbride, Lieut, of the County of Bucks." 

This order directed Col. George Wall, jun'r, Sub-Lieut, of the 
County of Bucks, and an order on the same Gentleman in favor of 
" Mr. Jos. Greer, one of the Commissioners of Bucks County, for 
purchasing provisions, &ca. for the Sum of Two hundred Pounds, 
and inform Dav'd Rittenhouse, Treasurer of the State, therewith;" 
in order that he may charge the same to Mr. Greer, & Credit Colo- 
nel Joseph Kirkbride, Lieutenant of Bucks County. 

The following orders were drawn on the Treasurer, Viz't : 

In favor of Capt. George Grant, of the first Penns'a Bat- 
talion, for the Sum of Three hundred & Sixty Dollars, for the re- 
cruiting Service, for which he is to account. 



474 MINUTES OF THE 

In favor of Captain George Grant, of the 9th Penns'a Battalion, 
for the Sum of Four hundred & Eighty Dollars, for the Recruiting 
Service, for which he is to account. 

In favor of Capt. Matt'w Scott, of the 13th Penns'a Battalion, 
for the Sum of Three hundred Dollars, for the recruiting Service, 
for which he is to account. 

"In the present important crisis of public affairs, & according to 
the late call of Cougress, the Supreme Executive Council of this 
State do hereby strictly charge all Officers employed in recruiting 
the Continental Battalions of this State, to make the most strenu- 
ous exertions, & redouble their endeavours to complete the same 
without loss of time. 

"And Council recommend to the Lieutenants and Sub-Lieuten- 
ants, & all other Officers of the Militia, to use their utmost efforts 
to prepare for the immediate march of four Classes, the next in 
turn, upon any emergency. 

" By order of Council. 

(Signed) " T. MATLACK, Secretary." 



The Council met. % 

Lancaster, Tuesday April 28, 1778. 
present : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Jos. Hart, Jacob Arndt, & > ■„ , 
Jonat'n Hoge, Mackay, $ 7* 

The several cases of Will'm Kodan, Jacobus Quick & Tho's 
Patterson, brought by Capt. Lang & Mr. Bailey from Winchester, 
being taken into consideration, 

Ordered, That Will'm Rodan be sent under Parole to the 
County of Chester & there discharged ; That Tho's Patterson be 
discharged in this Borough j And that Jacobus Quick be sent un- 
der Parole to His Excell'y Gov. Livingston of New Jersey, tbere 
to answer such charge as may be laid against him. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Capt. Thomas 
Bull for the Sum of Seven hundred & Eighty Dollars, for the 
recruiting service, for which he is to account. And an order was 
drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Lieut. Arch'd Campble for the 
Sum of Five hundred & forty Dollars, for the Recruiting service, 
& for which he is to account. 

Mr. Sam'l Futhey brought up Ten Horses, bought by him for 
the use of the Continent. 

Ordered, That they be delivered to 

[Blank in Council Book.] 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 475 



The Council met, 

Lancaster, Wednesday April 29, 1778. 

present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Jos. Hart, Jacob Arndt, & > ™ , 

Jonat'n Hoge, Mackay, 5 

The three following orders were drawn on the Treasurer in favor 
of Capt. Joseph Blewer, Vizt : — One for the Sum of Two thousand 
Pounds <fe one for the Sum of Thirty Thousand Dollars, in Conti- 
nental Loan Office Certificates, both to be charged to Will'm Cris- 
pin, Commissary of the State Fleet ; And one for the Sum of 
Three thousand Pounds, to be charged to Will'm C. Bradford, 
Paymaster of the State Fleet. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Colo. Robert 
Lollar, Paymaster of Militia for the County of Philadelphia, for 
the Sum of Seven thousand Pounds, to be charged to Thomas Dor- 
sey, Paymaster of Militia. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Captain Mich'l 
Hoofnagle, for the Sum of Four hundred Dollars, for the recruit- 
ing Service, for which he is to account. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Thursday, April 30, 1778. 
present : 
Hon'ble GEORGE BRYAN, Esq'r, Vice President. 
Jos. Hart, Jacob Arndt, & > ™ , 

Jonat'n Hoge, Mackay, $ ^ s<1 rS ' 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer for the Sum of three hun~ 
dred & Fifty Pounds, in favor of Jac. S. Howell, for which he is 
to account. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Major Gen'l 
Armstrong, for the Sum of One hundred Pounds, to be charged to 
Thomas Dorsey, Esq'r, Paymaster of Militia. 



476 MINUTES OF THE 

The Council met. 

Lancaster, Friday JVIay 1st, 1778. 
present : 
Hon'ble GEORGE BRYAN, Esq'r, Vice President. 
Jos. Hart, Jacob Arndt, & ? -p » 

Jonat'n Hoge, — ■ — Mackey, 3 ^ 

Lieut. John Rudolph applied to Council, agreeable to the order 
of Gen'l Washington, for the Horses now in this Borough belouging 
to the Continent j And the orders were drawn directing Mr. Adam 
Reigart & Mr. George Ross, to deliver to Lieut. John Rudolph the 
Horses put into their hands by Commissioners appointed to pur- 
chase Horses for the Continent, & directing them to make return of 
one Receipt for the same. 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Col. Samuel Smith, 
for the Sum of Thirteen Pounds & Ten Shillings, to be charged to 
Congress, as expence in collecting Cloathing for the Troops, (being 
the expences of procuring the Cloth seized in the great Swamp, be- 
longing to Mr. Joseph Carson.) 

The Hon'ble Vice President reports, That he had received from 
Mr. James Bryson, of this Borough, on the Thirtieth day of April 
last, Five hundred & Ninety-one Tickets in the United States Lot- 
tery, agreeable to a Resolve of the Treasury Board of the Eighth 
day of January last, & that he had delivered them to His Excell'y 
the President; the Numbers are as follows, Vizt : 

" Thirty thousand Nine hundred & Sixteen, to Thirty thousand 
Nine hundred & Ninety- six, both numbers inclusive, are Eighty-one 
Tickets. 

" Thirty-one thousand and Six to Thirty-one thousand & Sixty- 
eight, both numbers included, are Sixty-three Tickets. 

" Thirty-one Thousand one hundred & Sixty-eight to Thirty-one 
Thousand One hundred & Seventy-six, both numbers included, are 
nine Tickets. 

" Thirty-one thousand One hundred and Eighty-Six to Thirty-one 
Thousand Two hundred & three, both numbers included, are eigh- 
teen Tickets. 

" Thirty-one thousand two hundred & Seventy-six to Thirty-one 
thousand three hundred & Twenty-nine, both numbers included, 
are fifty-four Tickets. 

" Thirty-one Thousand Three hundred & fifty-seven to Thirty- 
one Thousand four hundred and Ninety-one, both numbers included, 
are One hundred and Thirty-five Tickets." 

The above mentioned Tickets are signed by John Purviance, ft 
the following Tickets are signed by Owen Biddle, Vizt. : 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 477 

" Sixty-four thousand Nine hundred & Eighty-one to Sixty-five 
Thousand One hundred & Sixty, both numbers included, are One 
hundred & Eighty Tickets. 

" Eight Tickets number Sixty-five thousand two hundred & Sev- 
en to Sixty-five thousand two hundred & fourteen, both included. 

" Sixty-five thousand two hundred & Twenty-four fro Sixty-five 
thousand two hundred & fifty, both included, are Twenty-seven 
Tickets,;" thereupon, 

Ordered, That the said Lottery Tickets be sent to the Board of 
Treasury, under the Seal of the State, agreeable to the order of the 
said Board of the Eighth day of January last. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Saturday May 2d, 1778, 
present : 
His ExcelFy THOMAS WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Joseph Hart, Jacob Arndt, & } ™ , 

Jonathan Hoge, — — — Mackay, $ 

Lieut. James Armour being appointed to the recruiting service 
by Gen'l Wayne, & recommended to Council, Recruiting Orders 
were given him for the County of Lancaster ; And an order was 
drawn on the Treasurer in favor of the said Lieut, James Armour, 
for the Sum of Four hundred Dollars, for the Recruiting Service, 
for which he is to account. 

A'Letter from John Proctor, Esq'r, of the County of Westmore- 
land, earnestly desiring to be supplied with a Sum of Money to be 
sent to him by Mr. George Henry, being read, 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Mr George 
Henry, of the County of Westmoreland, for the Sum of Three 
Thousand & five hundred Pounds, to be paid by the said Henry to 
John Proctor, Esq'r, of the County of Westmorland, for which 
he is to account. 

A Letter from John Gourla of Hanna's town (in Westmorland 
County,) requesting to be supplied with Money to purchase Horses 
for the use of the Cavalry, being read, thereupon, 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Mr. George 
Henry, for the Sum of One thousand & five hundred Pounds, to 
be paid by him to Colo. Archib'd Lochry, & to be charged to John 
Gourla, One of the Commissioners for purchaseing Horses in West- 
morland County, agreeable to his Letter of 25th instant. 

Ordered, That the Lieut, of the County of Cumberland, on ap- 
plication, furnish One hundred Militia for the defence of the Fron- 



478 MINUTES OF THE 

tiers against the Indians or Tories, to act in conjunction with the 
other forces, or separately, as the case may require. 

Ordered, That the Lieut, of the County of Northumberland do 
furnish One hundred Militia for the defence of the Frontiers 
against the Indians or Tories, as the occasion may require. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Monday May 4, 1778. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHAkTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

Joseph Hart, Mackay. ) -™ , 

Jacob Arndt, & ) " 

The Secretary laid before the Council a Letter from Ja's Hamil- 
ton, Esq'r, requesting a Pass for "himself" & four Servants, 
namely " Matthias Sandham" his Butler, Two Mullatto Men, 
"Jonathan & Luke" "the one Footman, the other Coachman, & 
one Negro Woman Cook, called Fanny; and also a protection for 
one baggage Waggon & its driver, to go to Philadelphia & return" 
to Northampton. 

Th^e same being taken into consideration, & it appearing that 
Mr. Hamilton has a dangerous disorder in his Nose, which it is 
supposed renders the advice & assistance of a Physician now in 
Philadelphia, absolutely necessary in the case; thereupon, 

Ordered, That a Pass for James Hamilton, Esq'r, & one Ser- 
vant, to go into Philadelphia, there to remain not exceeding two 
Weeks, & that the same be made out and sent to Robert Levers, 
Esquire, of Easton, to be delivered to Mr. Hamilton on his taking 
the Oath of Allegiance to this State, according to Law, & produ- 
cing to Mr. Levers a Certificate of his having done so. 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Tuesday May 5, 1778. 
present : 
His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 
Joseph Hart, Mackay. 



^Esq' 



Jacob Arndt, & 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Caleb Davis, 
for the Sum of Fifteen Pounds, for six days riding to G'l Potter's 
Camp& thro' the neighborhood of Derby & Chester, in. order to 
gain intelligence. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL, 479 

I 

The Council met. 

Lancaster, Wednesday May 6, 1778. 

PRESENT I 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 

Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice-President. 

James Edgar, Jacob Arndt, & ) -p j 
Joseph Hart, Mackay. j J I " 

The Council taking into consideration the appointing of Com- 
missioners, agreeable to the Act of Attainder, &ca, 

Ordered, That the following persons be appointed, to Wit : 

For the City of Philadelphia— Will'm Will, Sharp Delany, Jacob 
Strainer, Charles Wilson Peale, Robert Smith, (Hatter,) & Sam'l 
Massey. 

For the County of Philadelphia — Will'm Antis, Dan'l Heister, 
& Archibald Thompson. 

For the County of Chester — Will'm Evans, Thomas Cheney, 
Tho's Levis, Patterson Bell & John Hannums. 

For the County of Bucks— George Wall jun'r, Rich'd Gibbs, 
John Crawford & Benja. Siegle. 

For the County of Lancaster — Everhart Michael, Philip Green- 
wait, George Stewart & Francis Armstrong. 

For the County of York — -Robt. Stephenson, James Nailor, 
William Chesney, Tho's Stockton & Tho's Lilly, 

For the County of Cumberland — George Stevenson, John Boggs 
& Jos. Brady. 

For the County of Northampton — Sam'l Ray, Jacob Miller, 
Stephen Balliott, Robt. Levers, Conrad Kreider & Will'm MoNair. 

For the County of Berks — Henry Haller, Tho's Parry & Dav'd 
Morgan. 

For the County of Bedford— Robt. Galbraith, Tho's Urie & 
John Piper. 

For the County of Northumberland — John Kelly & Tho's 
Hewitt. 

For the County of Westmorland — Colo. John Proctor & Tho's 
Galbraith. 

Ordered, That the Secretary do immediately write to the said 
Commissioners, & inclose the following instructions, Vizt : 

" Instructions to the Agents for Forfeited Estates. 

" First, You are to provide a suitable Book, wherein you are to 
enter the names of the several persons that are or may in future be 
attainted, & whose Estates lays. in this State, within your County. 

" Secondly, Taking the said names Alphabetically, you are to in- 
sert in the same Book, after each name, the several Estates whereof 



480 MINUTES OF THE ' 

the former Owners were respectively seized or possessed, describing 
the County, Township, & Street, (if in the City of Philadelphia, 
Southwark, or the Northern Liberties), the Quantity of land, & na- 
ture of the Estate, whether Fee-Simple for life, of themselves or 
others, Lease-hold., Ground rents, or of whatever Quality soever 
the Estate may be. 

u Thirdly , You are to prepare advertisements of the following 
Tenor : 

" { Whereas, the Estates or (A, B, C, D, &c.,) late of the County 

of , having been, in due course of Law, forfeited & seized 

to the use of this State, We, the Subscribers, Agents for the said 
County, do hereby give notice that the Estates of the said A, B, C, 
D, &ca, consisting of the Tracts and parcels of Land following. 
Vizt : (Here insert a short description of the Premises, mentioning 
the Houses & Quantity of Land, in what Township, Ward, or 
Street situate, and if the Estate be for life or years let it be men- 
tioned.) All which will be sold by Public Vendue, at the Court 

House at , on the — day of — (not less than 

Thirty Days from the Publication of the Advertisement in some 
News Paper of this State, & also in the County,) & continuing the 
sales from day to day, till the whole be disposed of/ 

" The terms of sale will be according to Law, as follows, to wit : 

" One-fourth part of the purchase Money to be paid in Ten days 
after Sale, or the premises again revert to the State, and the Bid- 
der liable to forfeit the said One-fourth of the Purchase Money. 
The remainder thereof to be paid in one Month, and on a Certificate 
being produced from the Agents or either of them, of full Payment 
of the Purchase Money, a Deed will be given, as by Law directed, 

" And we, the said Agents, do also, pursuant to Law, hereby 
notify the Claimants of the said Premises, or any of them, & Cre- 
ditors of the said A, B, C, D, &ca., to exhibit their claims & de- 
mands to the Judges of the Supreme Court, within the time limited 
by Law, or they will be forever barred from the Recovery thereof, 

" Fourthly, All reasonable charges of Clerkship & expences for 
ascertaining the property of the estates be defrayed by the State. ,T 

An order was drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Hugh De Ha- 
ven, for the Sum of Five hundred Pounds, to be charged to Mr. 
Peter De Haven, father of the said Hugh. 

The case of Anthony Denormandie, of Bristol, sent here by His 
Kxcell'y Gen'l Washington, from an information said to be laid 
against him by Colo. .Tas. Kirkbride, but no charge sent against 
him ; on consideration, 

Ordered, That on Ant'y Denormandie giving Bail in the Sum 
of Five hundred Pounds with surety, for his appearing before this 
Council, to answer such charge as may be made against him within 
six months, if thereto required, & in the mean time be of good 
behaviour, he be enlarged & ordered to return to Bristol, by the 
way of Po^tsgrove. 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 481 

The Council met. 

Lancaster, Thursday May 7, 1778. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 

Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

James Edgar, Jacob Arndt, & \ j? S 
Joseph Hart, Murray, j ^ 

Divers complaints having been made that the High Roads in 
very many places in this State have been long much neglected, and- 
are in a ruinous condition, to the great injury of the Public, & the 
same being considered, 

Ordered, That the Supervisors of the Roads & High ways foe 
required, by public notice in the newspapers, without loss of time, 
to repair and amend the Roads ; and all Magistrates and others be 
enjoined to exert themselves in making presentments of defects & 
nusances in the Premises to the Quarter Sessions of the Peace of 
the respective Counties, or to prosecute & otherwise proceed against 
all deficient Townships & Supervisors according to Law, that they 
may be punished, in such manner as their neglect shall require. 

The Council resumed the consideration of Mich'l Mulenburgh's 
Accounts, wherein he charges 54 days' service in carrying the 
Prisoners with their Baggage to Winchester in Virginia, & the 
same appearing an extravagant & unreasonable charge, 

Ordered, That he be allowed the sum of One hundred & Thirty- 
five Pounds, for the said Journey ; and accordingly, An order was 
drawn on the Treasurer in favor of Mich'l Mulenburgh for the 
Sum of Sixty Pounds, in full of the said service, (the Sum of Seventy 
five Pounds having been paid to him on the 24-th of March last.) 



The Council met. 

Lancaster, Friday May 8, 1778. 

PRESENT : 

His Excell'y THO'S WHARTON, jun'r, Esq'r, President. 
Hon'ble George Bryan, Esq'r, Vice President. 

James Edgar, Jacob Arndt, & ) p » 

Joseph Hart, Murray, } ^ sq rs ° 

The Council taking into consideration the Act entitled " An Act 
for the attainder of divers Traitors, if they render not themselves 
by a certain day, & for vesting their Estates in this Commonwealth? 
VOL. XI. — 31. 



482 MINUTES OF THE 

and for more effectually discovering the same, & for ascertaining & 
satisfying the lawful debts & claims thereupon ;"' & after de- 
liberation, 

Ordered, That the Minutes of the proceedings of this Council, 
in pursuance of the Authority of the Act entitled " An Act for 
the attainder of divers Traitors, if they render not themselves by a 
certain day, & for vesting their Estates in this Commonwealth, and 
for more effectually discovering the same, & for ascertaining & satis- 
fying the lawful debts & claims thereupon," be kept in a Book for 
that especial purpose, seperate from the Minutes or proceedings of 
Council in more common & ordinary occasions, & that the Secre- 
tary do take care to have them entered with the utmost regularity <fe 
exactness. 

[This order seems to have been very imperfectly complied with. 
In transcribing the Minutes, therefore, I have thought it best to in- 
corporate the proceedings respecting Forfeited Estates with the 
general proceedings of the Board.] 

The Council taking into consideration the Act of General Assem- 
bly entitled " An Act for the attainder of divers Traitors, if they 
render not themselves by a certain day, & for vesting their Estates 
in this Commonwealth, & for more effectually discovering the 
same, & for ascertaining & satisfying the lawful Debts & claims 
thereupon;" & also considering the general report, (ft other evi- 
dence before the Council, relating to divers persons who have, as it 
is said, joined the Enemy; & thereupon, 

Ordered, That a Proclamation be issued under the State Seal, 
requiring the following named persons, late & heretofore inhabi- 
tants of this State, That is to say: 

Enoch Story, late Merchant; Samuel Garrigues, the elder, late 
Clerk of the Market, & Trader; James Stevenson, late Baker' 
Abram Carlisle, House Carpenter; Peter Deshong, Miller; Alex- 
ander Bar tram, Trader; Christian Hook, Attorney at Law; Peter 
Miller, Scrivener ; Lodowick Kerker, Butcher ; Philip Marching- 
ton, Trader; Edward Hanlon, Cooper & Vintner; Alfred Cliffton, 
Gentleman ; '& Arthur Thomas, Breeches-maker ; all now or late 
of the City of Philadelphia; And Thomas Livezey, late of the 
Township of Roxborough, Miller; John Roberts, late of the 
Township of Lower Merion, Miller; Rob't Iredale, the Younger, 
& Thomas Iredale, both late of the Township of Horsham, 
Laborers; Joshua Knight, late of the Township of Abington P 
Blacksmith; John Knight, Tanner; Isaac Knight, Husband- 
man ; Albinson Walton, late of the Township of Biberry, Hus- 
bandman ; John Smith, late Guager of the Port of Philadelphia ; 
& Henry Hugh Ferguson, Commissary of Prisoners for Gen'I 
Howe ; all late of the County of Philadelphia : And Samuel Biles, 
Ksq'r, late Sheriff of the County of Bucks; Walter Willctt, late of 
the Township of Southampton, Husbandman ; Richard Hovenden, 
late of fcbe Township of Newtown, Trader; & William Molan'd, late 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 483 

xf the Township of Warminster, Husbandman ; all lately of the 
County of Bucks : And Henry Skyles, Thomas Bulla & David Daw- 
son, Husbandman ; Jacob James, late of the Township of Goshen, 

Innkeeper ; Joseph Thomas, (heretofore Sub-Sheriff,) Yeoman ; Na- 
thaniel Vernon, junior, laborer ' r & John Swanwick, late of the Cus- 
tom House, Philadelphia, all late of the County of Chester : And 
John Rankin and Evan Griffith, Husbandman; William Love, late 
of the Township of York; John Wilson, late of the Township of 
Huntingdon ; And James Bracken, late of the Township of Tyronne; 
all late of the County of York : And William Thomas, James Pugh, 
Samuel Koster, John Kostcr, Joshua Thomas, Hugh Pugh, and 
Joseph Sutton, Husbandmen; John Holder, Miller; Henry Oswalt, 
House Carpenter; Jacob Holder & George Holder, Laborers; &Owen 
Roberts, Saw mill man, all late of the County of Northamp- 
ton :* And Michael Witman, Innkeeper; Matthew McHugh of 
Lebanon, Inkeeper; George Reine ; of Earle Township, Miller; John 
Reine, & Ingleholt Holtzinger, Husbandman, all late of the County 
of Lancaster 1 And Francis Sanderson, heretofore of the Borough of 
Lancaster, & late of Baltimore, in the State of Maryland, Copper- 
smith ; (the said Francis Sanderson having a Real Estate in this 
Commonwealth ;) io render themselves respectively to some or one 
of the Justices of the Supreme Court, or of the Justices of the 
Peace of one of the Counties within this State, on or before Thurs- 
day the Twenty-fifth day of June next, ensuing; & also abide their 
legal trial, for having severally adhered to & knowingly & willingly 
aided <fc assisted the Enemies of this State, and of the United States 
•of America, by having joined their Armies at Philadelphia, in the 
County of Philadelphia, within this State, on pain that every of 
them stand & be attainted of High Treason, to all intents <fe pur- 
poses, & shall suffer such pains & penalties, & undergo all such for- 
feitures as persons attainted of High Treason ought to do. 

And a Proclamation in due form being prepared accordingly and 
read, thereupon, 

Ordered, That the same be Sealed with the State Seal, Signed 
by His Excell'y The President & attested by the Secretary ; And 
the same was signed accordingly. 

Ordered, That the said Proclamation be Published m Mr. John 
Dunlap's News Paper,, 

44 Pennsylvania-, ss* 

(i A PROCLAMATION : 

By the Supreme Executive Council of the Commonwealth of Penn- 
sylvania : 

a Whereas, the following named persons, late & heretofore in- 
habitants of this State ; That is to say — -Enoch Story, late Mer- 
chant ; Samuel Garrigues, the elder, late Clerk of the Market & 
Trader j James Stevenson, late Baker ; Abraham Carlisle, House 



484 MINUTES OF THE 

Carpenter; Peter Deshong, Miller; Alexander Bartram, Trader; 
Christian Hook, Attorney at Law; Peter Miller, Scrivener; Lodo- 
wick Kerker, Butcher; Philip Marshington, Trader; Edward Han- 
Ion, Cooper & Vintner ; Alfred Cliffton, Gentleman ; and Arthur 
Thomas, Breeches-maker, all now or late of the City of Philadel- 
phia : Thomas Livezley, late of the Township of Roxborough, 
Miller ; Robert Iredale, the Younger, & Thomas Iredale, both late 
of the Township of Horsham, Laborers ; Joshua Knight, late of the 
Township of Abington, Blacksmith; John Knight, Tanner; Isaac 
Knight, Husbandman ; Albinson Walton, late of the Township of 
Biberry, Husbandman; John Smith, late Gauger of the Port of 
Philadelphia ; & Henry Hugh Ferguson, Commissary of Prisoners 
for General Howe, all late of the County of Philadelphia : & Sam- 
uel Biles, Esq'r, late Sheriff of the County of Bucks; Walter Wil- 
let, late of the Township of Southampton, Husbandman , Ricli^d 
Hovendon, late of the Township of Newtown, Trader; William 
Moland, late of the Township of Warminster, Husbandman ; all late 
of the County of Bucks : & Henry Skyles, Thomas Bulla, & David 
Dawson, Husbandman ; Jacob James, late of the Township of Go- 
hen, Inn-keeper; Joseph Thomas, (heretofore Sub-Sheriff,) Yeoman; 
Nathaniel Vernon, junior, Laborer ; John Swan wick* late of the Cus- 
tom House, Philadelphia, all late of the County of Chester: & 
John Rankin & Evan Griffith, Husbandmen ; William Love, of 
the Township of l T ork ; John Watson, late of the Township of Hun- 
tingdon ; & James Br akin, late of the Township of Tyrone, all of 
the County of York : & William Thomas, James Pugh, Samuel 
Koster, John Koster, Joshua Thomas, Hugh Pugh, & Joseph Sut- 
ton, Husbandmen; John Holder, Miller; Henry Oswalt, House 
Carpenter; Jacob Holder & George Holder, Laborers; & Owen 
Huberts, Saw-mill man, all late of the County of Northampton : & 
Michael Witman, Inn-keeper; Matthew McHugh, of Lebanon, 
Inn-keeper; George Reine, of Earl Township, Miller; John Heine, 
& Ingleholt Holtzinger, Husbandmen, all of the County of Lancas- 
ter : & Francis Sanderson, heretofore of the Borough of Lancaster, 
& late of Baltimore, in the State of Maryland, Coppersmith ; & 
John Roberts, late of the Township of Lower Merrion, Miller ; 
have severally adhered to & knowingly & willingly aided & assisted 
the Enemies of this State & of the United States of America, by 
having joined their Armies at Philadelphia, in the Couuty of Phila- 
delphia, within this State. 

We the Supreme Executive Council aforesaid, by virtue of cer- 
tain powers & authorities to us given by an Act of General Assem- 
bly, entitled " An Act for the attainder of divers Traitors, if they 
render not themselves by a certain da}', & for vesting their Estates 
in this Commonwealth, and for more effectually discovering the 
same, & for ascertaining & satisfying the lawful debts & claims 
thereupon," do heieby strictly charge & require the said Enoch 
Story, Samuel Garrigues the elder, James Stevenson, Abraham 
Carlisle, Peter Deshong, Alexander Bartram ; Christian Hook, Pe- 



SUPREME EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 485 

ter Miller, Lodowick Kerker, Philip Marshinton, Edward Hanlon, 
Alfred ChifFton, Arthur Thomas, Thomas Livezley, Robert Iredale 
the younger, Thomas Iredale, Joshua Knight,, John Knight, Isaac 
Knight, Albinson Walton, John Smith, Henry Hugh Ferguson, 
Samuel Biles, Walter Willett, Richard Hovenden, William Moland, 
Henry Skyles, Thomas Bulla, David Dawson, Jacob James, Joseph 
Thomas, Nathaniel Yernon, junior, John Swanwick, John Rankin, 
Evan Griffith, William Love, John Wilson, James Brakin, William 
Thomas, James Pugh, Samuel Koster, John Koster, Joshua Tho- 
mas, Hugh Pugh, Joseph Sutton, John Holder, Henry Oswalt, 
Jacob Holder, George Holder, Owen Roberts, Michael Wijmian, 
Matthew Mcllugh, George Reine, John Reine, Ingleholt Holt- 
zinger, Francis Sanderson, (the said Francis Sanderson having a 
real Estate in this Common- Wealth,) & John Roberts, to render 
themselves respectively to some or one of the Justices of the Su- 
preme Court, or of the Justices of the Peace of one of the Counties 
within this State, on or before Thursday the Twenty-fifth day of 
June next ensuing, & also abide their legal trial, for such their 
Treasons, on pain that every of them, the said Enoch Story, Samuel 
Garrigues, the elder, James Stevenson, Abraham Carlisle, Peter 
Deshong, Alexander Bartram, Christian Hook, Peter Miller, Lodo- 
wick Kerker, Philip Marshington, Edward Hanlon, Alfred Cliffton, 
Arthur Thomas, Thomas Livezley, Robert Iredale, the Younger, 
Thomas Iredale, Joshua Knight, John Knight, Isaac Knight, Al- 
binson Walton, John Smith, Henry Hugh Ferguson, Samuel Biles, 
Walter Willett, Richard Hovenden, William Moland, H-enry Skyles, 
Thomas Bulla, David Dawson, Jacob James, Joseph Thomas, Na- 
thaniel Vernon, junior, John Swanwick, John Rankin, Evan Grif- 
fith, William Love, John Wilson, James Brakin, William Thomas, 
James Pugh, Samuel Koster, John Koster, Joshua Thomas, Hugh 
Pugh, Joseph Sutton, John Holder, Henry Oswalt, Jacob Holder, 
George Holder, Owen Roberts, Michael Witman, Matthew McHugh, 
George Reine, John Reine, Ingleholt Holtzinger, Francis Sander- 
son & John Roberts, not rendering himself as aforesaid, or not abid- 
ing the trial aforesaid, shall, from & after the said Thursday the 
Twenty-fifth day of June next, stand & be attainted of High Trea- 
son to all inte