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THE COLEOPTEEA 

OF 

THE BEITISH ISLANDS 



THE 



COLEOPTERA 



OP 



THE BRITISH ISLANDS 

A DESCRIPTIVE ACCOUNT OF THE FAMILIES, GENERA, AND 

SPECIES INDIGENOUS TO GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND 

WIIH NOTES AS TO LOCALITIES, HABITATS, ETC. 



BY 

W. W. FOWLEE, M.A., D.Sc, F.L.S. 

Presidhnt of the Entomological Society of London 1901-2 

AND 

HORACE ST. JOHN DONISTHORPE, F.Z.S., F.E.S. 

Vice-President of the Entomological Society of London 1911 



VOL. VI (SUPPLEMENT) 




LONDON 

LOVELL REEVE AND CO. LTD. 

6 HENEIETTA STREET, COVENT GARDEN 

1913 




BALLANTYNK & COMPANY LTD 

Tavistock Street Covent Garden 

London 



U6107 



PREFACE 

The last volume of the " Coleoptera of the British Islands " was 
published in 1891. In the preface to the first volume I expressed 
a hope that the work might, at all events, prove of some help towai'ds 
encouraging the study of our native Coleoptera. As far as I can 
gather, this hope has been, in a measure at least, realised, and to judge 
by the results, as embodied in this volume, it will be seen that a great 
deal of work has been done at the Order dui'ing the past twenty years. 
Moreover, that work is by no means exhausted. Almost every month 
new species are being recorded. The present volume was practically 
ready some months ago, except for the plates, and the large list of 
addenda that has accumulated during that period shows the interest 
that is being taken in our Coleoptera at the present time. Dr. Sharp 
is of opinion that our indigenous species will be found in the future to 
number at least 4000, and this makes it evident that there may be 
much left to discover. 

When it appeared that there was need of a supplement to bring the 
work vip to date, Mr. Donisthorpe, hearing of my intention to prepare 
one, kindly offered me the use of the list of localities, etc., which he 
had for some years compiled from various records. I therefore asked 
him if he would collaborate with me, and I am much indebted to him 
for his help. The first part of the work is, for the most part, mine 
and I hold myself responsible for it ; while Mr. Donisthorpe has 
provided the part relating to fresh localities, and the excellent paper 
on the British Myrmecophilous Coleoptera, and has also undertaken 
the arrangement of the plates. 

W. W. FOWLER 

January 10, 1913 



CLASSIFICATION, NOMENCLATURE, ETC. 

By W. W. Fowler. 

As it would cause much confusion if the classification adopted in 
the Supplement were different from that adopted in the preceding 
volumes, I have, with one or two minor exceptions, followed the same 
lines in the former as in the latter. 

Since 1890, however, our views on the classification of the Coleoptera 
have been mvxch modified, and it has become obvious that the old 
sj'^stems require a considerable amount of alteration, and, in many 
points, are very unsatisfactory and incorrect ; the Carabida?, for instance, 
or rather the Adephaga, instead of being highest in the scale of develop- 
ment, are, through their campodeif orm \arvse and structural peculiarities, 
believed now to be among the lowest and most archaic ; it appears 
more probable, perhaps, that the lowest forms should be looked for 
among the Malacodermata, but, at all events, they are probably to be 
found in one or other of these groups. The Rhynchophoiu again are by 
no means the lowest in the scale, and by some authors are assigned a 
high position ; they appear to be parallel with the Phyto2)haga but 
are more highly specialised than that group. 

The Lamellicornia seem to stand by themselves at the head of 
the order as a separate series or sub-order, and they must come 
either at the beginning or the end, according as we work upwards or 
downwards. 

The chief classifications at present before us are those of Sharp, 
Ganglbauer, Lameere, and Kolbe, and all these require careful study in 
conjunction with the older systems. The two first are the simplest. 
Sharp (Cambridge Natural History, vol. vi. p. 190) considers that the 
Coleoptera should be divided into three series: (1) Lamellicornia, 
(2) Adephaga, (3) Polymorpha (including all the other families). 
Ganglbauer divides the whole into Adephaga and Polyphaga, the latter 
being equivalent to Sharp's Polymorpha, with the addition of the 
Lamellicornia ; the Polymorpha he divides into six " Familienreihen " : 
(1) Staphylinoidea (including in our fauna Staphylinidfe, Pselaphida?, 
Scydmsenidje, SilphidiB, Clambidse, Leptinidae, Corylophidse, Sphseriidae, 
Trichopterygidse, Scaphidiidje, Histeridse). (2) Diversicornia. (3) Hete- 
romera. (4) Phytophaga. (5) Rhynchophora. (6) Lamellicornia. The 
Staphylinoidea are a homogeneous group, but the Diversicornia form a 



viii CLASSIFICATION, NOMENCLATURE, ETC. 

very heterogeneous and unwieldy complex, as they contain several of 
our Clavicorn families, together with the Serricornia and Malacodermata, 
Ganglbauer appears, however, to have somewhat modified his views 
with regard to the Clavicorn series (compare his article in the Miin- 
chener Koleopt. Zeitschrift, i. 316, 1903, with his introduction to Die 
Kjifer von Mitteleuropa, vol. iv. p. 1, 1904). 

Much valuable work has been done by Kolbe with regard to 
classification : his most recent articles (Zeitsch. fur Wissenschaftliche 
Insektenbiologie, iv. 1908) are the best on the subject that he has 
written ; in many cases his ideas, although apparently revolutionary, 
may have, in the end, to be adopted. 

Lameere's " Notes pour la Classification des Coleopt^res " are well 
worthy of attention (Ann. Soc. Ent. Belg. 1900 and 1903).* He makes 
a few serious mistakes (e.g. he places the Brenthidse under the Clavicorns 
and considers the Pulicida? (Fleas) to be coleopterous f), but his work 
on the phylogeny of the order is, for the most part, very good, although 
in many points open to criticism. 

In considering the general classification of the Coleoptera, it must 
be remembered that several chai-acters that have ordinarily been 
largely or entirely neglected are now taken into serious account. 
More attention is being paid, as it should be, to the larvse and life 
history, and also to the venation of the wings ; the latter is in many 
cases very valuable, especially in the Adephaga and Staphylinoidea ; in 
the other groups it often breaks down ; we may, however, say roughly 
that we have three well marked systems of venation : (1) the Ade- 
phagid, (2) the Staphylinoid, and (3) the Cantharid (or Telephorid). 
The first of these is chiefly characterised by the presence of one or two 
transverse veins joining the two median veins, or by two transverse 
veins situated nearer to the base and joining the upper median or an 
irregular branch of the lower radial vein to the lower median, thus 
forming a definite oblong, called the areola ohlonga, which is very 
characteristic of the majority of the Adephaga, although it is not found 
in Cicindela or Rhysodes ; in the second group there are no transverse 
veins and the whole system of the venation is much simpler ; in the 
third, the chief characteristic is the loop formed at a greater or less 
distance from the apex by the coalescence of the two median veins, one 
only (it is usually hard to say which) being continued from the centre 
of the loop to the margin of the wing ; this loop is subject to much 
modification, and is in some families or groups only partially indicated 
or quite absent, and therefore the veins in the third division in many 
cases tend to revert to the Staphylinoid type ; this detracts much from 
the general utility of the wing venation as a character for classification, 
but it is nevertheless very useful when taken in conjunction with other 
characters. 

* A remvid of this paper by Mr. Donisthorpe will be found in the " Ento- 
mologist's Record " for I'M), ]). :?32. 

t 1 believe that he has since abandoned this idea. 



CLASSIFICATION, NOMENCLATURE, ETC. ix 

Much more attention is now paid to the differences in the internal 
structure — the formation of the internal male and female reproductive 
organs (ovaries, testicles, &c.), the number of Malpighian tubes, the 
concentration or non-concentration of the ganglia, &c. ; in many cases 
these appear to be of great importance, but it is doubtful how far the 
present generalisations will hold good when a larger number of species 
have been carefully dissected ; at any rate, the question need not here 
be discussed. 

As I have for some time past been occupied with the general 
Introduction to the Coleoptera for the Fauna of British India, which 
has been lately issued by the India Office,* I need not say more 
here than to refer any who may be interested in these points to the 
more detailed account which I have there given. 

The classification which seems to me the least open to objection 
for the present would be a combination of Sharp's and Ganglbauer's 
systems, as follows (pi'oceeding from the lower to the higher) : 

Sub-Order I. Adephaga. 

PoLYCERATA (Polymorplia or Polyphaga). 
Staphylinoidea. 
Clavicornia. 

Serricornia (including IVIalacodermata). 
- Heteromera. 

Phytophaga (including Longicornia). 
Rhyncophora. 
Lamellicornia. 

The divisions of the- Polycerata must be taken as more or less 
parallel, and not as in any definite order, and it would, perhaps, be 
more correct to regard the Malacodermata as parallel with the Adephaga, 
although they cannot in any way be classified with them. 

It does not matter which of the terms Polymorpha, Polyphaga, or 
Polycerata we adopt, but in the face of the terms in such common use 
for the groups (Clavicornia, Longicornia, &c.) the last of the three 
seems preferable. 

The old classification by means of the number of the joints of the 
tarsi — Pentamera, Tetramei'a, Heteromera, &c., is still very important, 
but has fallen into disuse, probably from the fact that tlie character 
has sometimes been counted as applying to a series (Heteromera), 
sometimes as tribal, sometimes as a mark of family, and sometimes 
as merely generic ; this must necessarily be the case where there is 
large variation within the limits of a single family {e.g. Staphylinidse), 

With regard to nomenclature very little need be said ; this is rather 
a matter for the compiler of the next British Catalogue, which ought 
seen to be put in hand. One thing is certain, and that is that we 
must bring the British list, as regards names, as far as possible into 

* The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma ; Coleoptera, 
General Introduction and Cicindelida^ and PaussidtB. 1912. 



Sub- Order 


II. 


Division 1. 




2_ 


j> 






o 


55 


•J. 


J> 


4. 


57 


5. 


5) 


G. 


Sub-Order III. 



X CLASSIFICATION, NOMENCLATUKE, ETC. 

accord with the European list, even though this may, in many- 
cases, jar upon our susceptibilities : the dates of the last two European 
Catalogues are 1891 and 190G respectively, both of them having been 
compiled by L. v. Heyden, E. Reitter, and J. Weise, " cum aliis sociis 
coleopterologicis " ; the last of these is in every way a great improve- 
ment on its predecessor and ought to be in the hands of all our British 
Coleopterists ; it is not, of course, without its defects, and in certain 
cases species are sunk as synonymous with others to which they have 
no relation, but it is of course impossible for the authors of a large 
catalogue to examine every species themselves ; on the whole, however, 
it appears to be very accurate, and it corrects some of the confusing 
alterations of names which are found in the catalogue of 1891. In the 
latter, for instance, Bruchidaa is used for Ptinidae and Bruchus for 
Ptinus, while Bruchidre becomes Mylabridje and Bruchus Mylabris ; 
in the 190G catalogue the names Ptinidse and Ptinus are again rein- 
stated as before, but Lariidfe and Laria are substituted for Bruchidje 
and Bruchus, which disappear altogether. An alteration that must be 
followed is the substitution of Cantharis for Telephorus, as the terms 
" Cantharoidea," " Cantharidiformia," and "Cantharid" are often used 
in modern systems of classification ; the term Lampyridai is, however, 
better than Cantharidse for the large family which includes the Lycinje, 
Lampyrinfe, Telephorinfe, Drilinse, and Malachiinae. 

There are some alterations that we might, perhaps, hardly agree to, 
such as the reversal of the order Staphylinidse, which begins with the 
Piestinfe {Prognatha, &c.) and ends with the Aleocharinse, for which 
there seems no special reason ; only four species are included under 
Homalota, Mann., the majority being placed under Atheta, Thoms. 

Taken as a whole the catalogue is more synthetic than analytic and 
is rather inclined to diminish than increase the number of genera. The 
nomenclature of the species, with a few exceptions, should be followed. 

With regard to the question of aberrations and varieties, we have, 
in order to secure uniformity with the rest of this work, only made use 
of the latter term ; it is open to any future writer to alter this, but it 
is very doubtful where the one begins and the other ends ; roughly- 
speaking, a colour difi'erence (in the general insect, legs, or antennae) 
forms an aberration, while a slight structural difierence forms a variety ; 
when, however, we come to the question of pubescence or sculpture, 
there is a great deal of confusion ; in one sense, sculpture is a structural 
character, as also is pubescence, which is often closely connected with 
sculpture; and, as a matter of fact, we find that differences in these 
points are in some cases held to be specific, in others varietal, and in 
others merely aberrational. 

Of course this is all most interesting as regards the phylogeny of 
species, which "in the making" begin as aberrations, pass on into 
varieties, and then develop into accepted species ; it is therefore prac- 
tically impossible to draw the line, and if it is impossible, as it often is, 
to draw the line between species and varieties, it is certainly- still more 
ditticult to decide what is an aberration, a variety, or a sub-species. 



ERRATA, ALTERATIONS, ETC. 

VOLS. LV 

VOLUME I. 

Page 78 line 20 for " deeper at apex " read " not deeper at apex." 
,, 80 „ 46 for " tibiae " read " tarsi." 
,, 87 ,, 32 for " concave margin of elytra " read " concave 

margin of thorax." 
,, 195 „ 21 /o J- " posterior " ?-ertfZ " anterior." 
,, 252 „ 24 yb?' " species " rear? " genera." 
,, 253 „ 11 delete "legs black," and line 26/or " legs black or 

pitchy " read " legs dark or pitchy-red." 

VOLUME II. 

Page line 26 after " A* Posterior coxae conical" insert "P.^de- 

RINiE." 

„ 10 „ 7 for " Surrey " read " Kent." 

„ 11 ,, 35 (and elsewhere) for "'Charlton, Surrey" read 
"Charlton, Kent." 
27 „ 4 for " Surrey " read " Kent." 

,, 61 ,, y for "seventh segment" read "first visible seg- 
ment " (r. Ent. Mo. Mag. xxxvi. (2 Ser. xi.) 
1900, p. 236). 

„ 131 „ 19 for " \\ mm." read " 3 mm." 

,, 171 lines 16 and 17 omit "insect apterous" and "insect 
winged": it is probable that there are 
winged and apterous forms of both species. 

„ 214 line 31 for " elytra" read " hind body." 

,, 228 „ 1% for " scutellum smooth" read "scutellum finely 
shagreened." 

„ 252 „ 6 rfeZe/e " Plymouth." 

,, 261 ,, 2b for "much narrower than elytra" read "much 
narrower than thorax." 

,, 270 lines 1 and 4 delete "anterior coxae testaceous" and 
"anterior coxae entirely dark" and sub- 
ftfitute " antennae longer, segments 4-6 of 
hind body less sparmgly punctured " and 
" antennae shorter, segments 4-6 of hind 
body more sparingly punctured." 

„ 319 line 36 for " larger " read " smaller." 

338 „ 24 /o/'" head evidently narrower" read "head evi- 
dently broader." 
363 lines 43 and 48 for " base " read "apex." 



xii ERRATA, ALTERATIONS, ETC. VOLS. I-V 

VOLUME III. 

Page 13 line 34 for '• 4-jointed " read "5-jointed." 

„ 15 „ 17 'for " deeply emarginate " read " shallowly emar- 
ginate." 

,, 15 „ 22 /o;- " sides" rea/Z " disc." 

,, 15 „ 24 /o?- •' impunctate " read "very remotely punc- 
tured " (also pa£;e 18 line 2). 
57 „ 34 for « 4J to 8 " read « A\ to 5." 
59 „ 38 'for " 6-8 " read " 6 and 8 " (also page 61 line 8). 
96 „ 12 for " Kew " read " Ken." 

„ 98 „ 32 (and elsewhere) for " Seaford, Devon " read 
" Seaford, Sussex." 

,, 182 „ 6 " Dartmoor, Devon " is probably an error. 

„ 210 „ 28 /or " thorax " reacZ " forehead." 

„ 226 „ 41 for " broader" read " as broad as." 

„ 229 „ 14 for " 2 mm." read " 4 mm." 

„ 256 „ 1 for "first or first two joints" read "second or 
first and second joints." 

„ 283 „ 9 for " eyes " read " thorax." 

„ 310 „ 10 for " tarsi " read " tibias." 

„ 312 „ 23 /or " apex " reofZ " base." 

„ 337 lines 26 and 30 for " C and D " read " c and d." 

„ 378 line 37 omit "thorax duller." 

„ 378 „ 38 omit " thorax more shiny." 

VOLUME IV. 

Page 25 line 26 for " tarsi " read " tibiae." 
„ 97 ,, 46 for "third joint " read "fourth joint." 
,, 102 ,, 5 /o7' " shorter " rearZ " longer." 
„ 104 „ 15 /or " third joint " reofZ "fourth joint of all the 

tarsi." 
„ 146 lines 22, 23 the male characters assigned to M. fasciatua 

are really those of M. halteatus : in M. 

faaciatus the posterior tibi» are simpler. 
,, 146 line 33 after "fuscous " insert " in the male." 
„ 233 „ 17 after " legs black " insert " or red." 
„ 333 last line delete " Aphthona, Chevr." 
„ 334 line 9 insert " Aphthona, Chevr." 
,, 335 „ 1 the first part "Transverse impression, &c.'' does 

not apply to " Epitrix " and the coxal 

characters alone should be taken into 

account. 
„ 353 „ 7 for " transparent " read " prominent." 
,, 367 „ 37 for " apex " read " base." 

VOLUME V. 

Page 20 line 38 for " narrowed " 7-ead " thickened." 
,, 74 ,, 15 (and page 75 line 11) for "increasing" read " de- 
creasins;." 



ERRATA, ALTERATIONS, ETC. VOLS. I-V 

Page 78 line 30 for "A. fiava, L. v. thoractca, L." read "A. costce, 

Emery." 
,, 133 „ 7 for " apex " o-ead " base " {r\ p. 144 ?iote). 
„ 134 ,, 24 /or " black in both sexes" re^rZ " black in male, 

greenish or bluish in female." 
,, 308 last line of table /or "rostrum scarcely curved" read 

"rostrum strongly curved" (also p. 311 

line 2 from bottom). 
„ 371 line 42 /or "darker, more pitchy" read "lighter, less 

pitchy." 
„ 430 „ 31 /"or " transverse " rear/ " concentric." 
„ 438 „ 24 'for " 2J-3f mm." read " 2|-2f mm." 

ERRATA IN PLATES. 

Plate 34 Vol. I fig. 1 represents Helophorus porcubis and not H. 

rugosus. 
Plate 118 Vol. IV. fig 13 represents Steplianopachys suhstriatus 

Payk., and not Dinoderus. 
Plate 125 Vol. IV. fig. 4 represents Bruchiis incarnatiis. Boh., and 

not B. 2>ecthncorn/s, L. 
Plate 128 Vol. IV. fig. 2 represents Lemet septentrioiiis, Weise, and 

not L. enchsoni, Suffr. 
Plate 168 Vol. V. fig. 13 represents Tychius squamidatus and not 7. 

meVdoti. 



THE COLEOPTEEA OE THE 
BRITISH ISLANDS. 

(SUPPLEMENT.) 



ADEPHAGA. 

CARABID.S:. 
CARABUS, Linne. 

C. violaceus, var. soUicitans, Harteit, Novitates Zoologicte, 
xiv. pp. 334, 335 (March 1907). (V. Champion, Ent. Mo. Mag. xliv. 
(2 Ser. xix.) 1 908, 124). This is the British form of C. violaceus, L., and 
is stated to differ from the type form of that insect (from Silesia, North 
Germany and Austiia) in having "the elytra less finely, more roughly, 
and somewhat more irregularly granulated, thus appearing much less 
smooth," According to Hartert, the true 0. violaceus has the upper 
surface of the elytra uniformly covered with fine granulations, without 
any striations, and the margins of a beautiful reddish violet : apparently 
it is not British ; he does not even mention the var. exasperatus, Duft. 
(Faun. Austr. ii. ^-) which has been recorded from Portland and 
the New Forest and more recently by Champion from Parracombe 
in Devon ; in this form the granulation of the elytra is much coarser, 
and there are more or less distinct tracts of raised lines \v. Brit. 
Col. i. 8). 

The var. purjmrascens, F., has been recorded as British, but I am 
not sure whether it is the true insect ; in this variety the elytra are 
sharply striated with about a dozen elevated lines, between which 
granulations are visible. The British species of the genus Carahus 
require careful working out with regard to varieties and aberrations ; we 
probably possess many more of these than have been recorded,, In the 
last European catalogue there are no less than forty -one named varie- 
ties and aberrations of C. violaceus mentioned ; twenty of C. monilis ; 
seventeen of C. catenulatus ; twelve of C. hortensis ; and forty-seven of 
C cancellatus. 

C. convexus. Fab. Syst. Ent., 1778, 238. Although there is no 
reason why this insect should not occur in Britain, as it is widely 
spread over Northern and Central Europe, yet it must be at present 
omitted from our lists. Apparently only one .'specimen has been recorded 
(said to have been taken by Holme in Winstanley Park, Lancashire), 
and its authenticity is very doubtful. 

1 A 



2 ADEPHAGA. 

C. cancellatus, 111. This species has been restored to our lists 
on the authority of a single specimen taken by Mr. H. J. Cuthbert at 
Pouladar, a grassy glen opening on the shore about two miles from 
Roscarbery village, West Cork, Ireland. Mr. Cuthbert in recording it 
(Ent. Mo. Mag. xxxi. (2 Ser. vi.) 1895, 2(J5) says that it differs from 
the type forni of the insect in having the femora entirely black, and 
he says that "it is probably a south continental survival, of which we 
have several analogous instances in the fauna of the extreme south 
of Ireland, and possibly on the point of becoming extinct there." The 
specimen has been carefully verified, and is now in the Dublin 
Museum. 

This insect is the C. grmiulatus of Stephens (Illustrations, Mand. i. 
51), who records four specimens as taken in a chalk pit near Gravesend 
in the spinng of 1826 ; this and the Irish record are the only ones that 
we possess of its occurrence in Britain ; but there is no reason why it 
should not occur with us, for, as I said in a note on the Irish record 
(J,c. 26 (J), it is widely spread throughout Northern and Central 
Europe, and reaches as far south as the Pyienees and Northern Italy. 

C. cancellatus in some Avays resembles C. granulatus, but is altogether 
a larger and finer insect, with the elytra broader, more ornate, and more 
convex, and the large rows of tubercles more conspicuous ; the thorax, 
moreover, is less explanate at the sides ; in C. granulatus the sides of 
the elytra are not parallel, and, if anything, widest behind the middle. 
In C. cancellatus they are rather strongly rounded and are widest at 
or about the middle. It also has the first joint of the antennae red. 

C. nitens, var. niger, Semenow, Horpe. Soc. Ent. Ross. 1886, xx. 
p. 2;:)4. Of the same size and shape as the type form, but with the 
upper surface almost entirely black, and the thorax smoother, with the 
central line well marked : the border of the thorax and elytra show 
scarcely any golden sheen, and the red ribs on the elytra are resolved 
into tubercles behind, the intervals being rugose and showing very little 
green lustre at the sides. 

Denny Bog, New Forest, June, 1895 ; one specimen (Donisthorpe) : 
Mr. Donisthorpe, in recording the capture of this insect (Ent. Record, 
xi., 1899, 71), says that it agrees in every particular with the descrip- 
tion of the unique example taken by Semenow at Archangel. On the 
same day he took (also in Denny Bog) a black example of C. arvensis. 

NOTIOPHILUS, Dumeril 

The constitution of the genus is by no means definitely settled, 
whether as regards the British or the European species. Several of them 
are so closely allied that it is hard to distinguish them, and as the 
individuals vary somewhat inter se, a considerable number of species 
have been formed in the past which have gradually been sunk as 
synonyms. 

N. pusillus, Waterh. Ent. Mag. i, ,"3, 207. (.V. higeminus. Thorn., 
Arch. 1833, 112.) Dr. Joy (Ent. Mo. Mag. xliv. (2 Ser. xix.) 1908, 103) 



ADEPHAGA. S' 

reintroduced this species as British and says that he has examples from 
Bradfield and Southport. Subsequently (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlv. (2 Ser. xx.) 
1909, 12) he withdrew the specie*, saying that the insects leferred 
to as belonging to JS\ jmsillns are merely X palustris with very dark 
legs. Mr. Champion {l.c. 1908, 271), referring to a small mountain 
form of X. aquaticus recorded by him in 187o * (Ent. Mo. Mag. x. 
158), comes to the conclusion that the form is probably the N. strigifrons 
of Baudi, which is really a variety of K. aquaticus. Subsequently however 
{I.e. 1909, 12) he comes to the conclusion that it is rather a variety of 
iV. jyusillus. It would, however, considering the great variability of 
the insects, be best perhaps to regard both X. jyusillus and iV. strigifrons 
as varieties of X. aquaticus. Extreme forms are very different in the 
genus, but they are in many cases closely connected by intervening 
examples. Dr. Joy records X. strigifrons from Dalwhinnie and Blair 
Athol, and Mr. Donisthorpe from CarrantuohilJ, Co. Kerry. 

IV. hypocrita, Putz, Mem. Liege 66, 157; Spaeth, Verb, zool.- 
bot. Ges., Wien. 49, 1899, 517. Dr. Joy (Ent. Mo. Mag. xliv. (2 Ser. 
xix.), 1908, 103) also introduces the above species as British, and says 
he has examples from Bradfield, Wellington College, Lundy Island and 
Garve, Ross, and that it is probably generally distributed. It is distin- 
guished by having the tibite reddish, and is narrower and more convex 
than X. jxdustris, and the external interstices of the elytra are distinctly 
alutaceous. It is said to bear somewhat the same relation to X. 
palustris as X. substriatus, Wat. does to X. biguttatus, F. I have always 
thought that X. suhstriatns was only a variety, and it is most probable 
that X. hy2)oci'ita cannot be regarded as more than a race of 
X. palustris. 

In Brit. Col, i. 11, 12, I have wrongly written X. quadriguttatus, 
Dej. for X. quadrip)unctatus, Dej. ; this species is very like^V, biguttatus, 
but apart from the two large pores on the elytra, it may be distinguished 
by the almost straight sides of the thorax and its strong sculpture ; it is 
probably rightly assigned specific rank, although some authors have 
regarded it as a somewhat abnormal form of X. biguttatus. 

NEBRIA, Latreille. 

N. gyllenhalii, Schon, var. rufescens, Stroem. 1765 (= X. 
arctica, Dej., Spec. ii. 235). This variety has the elytra and often the 
tibise ferruginous or brownish yellow. It has occurred in the shingle 
of the river Gelt in Cumbei'land and also in Scotland (Donisthorpe 
Ent. Record xvii., 1905, 103), Ben-na-Buird (Donisthorpe, 1910). 

Var. balbii, Bon., Observ. Ent. i, 45, This is the variety with the 
legs and usually the first joint of the antennae red, Ganglbauer records it 

* Mr. Champion says that "the insect in question is much smaller than the 
typical i\". aqvaticus, bronze or bluish-bronze in colour, and has the second and 
third joints of the antennas wholly or in part testaceous, the prothorax much 
narrower behind, and the elytra very finely punctate-striate, the striae almost 
obsolete towards the apex," 



4 ADEPHAGA. 

from England, and it is said to be common on Snowdon ; it appears 
to be confined to high mountains. I have a specimen in my collec- 
tion (without locality) which is considerably smaller than the ordinary 
examples of ^A^. yyllenhali. Ben-na-Buird (Donisthorpe, 1910). 

STENOLOPHUS, Dejean. 

S. plagiatuSy Clorham. Annals of Scottish Natural History, 
January, 1901, p. 22. Oblong, subparallel, black with the thorax red, 
slightly narrowed behind, posterior angles obtuse, base broadly foveo- 
late on each side, upper surface with scattered punctures : elytra 
yellow, with a blackish band on each near the suture, not reaching 
either the base or the apex, deeply striate, with a long scutellary stiia. 

Two specimens taken by Mr. Dunsmore, near Gourock on the Clyde, 
Scotland. 

Mr, Gorham has described these insects as belonging to a new 
species. They are allied to >S. discophorus, Fisch.,and an insect identical 
with them stands under the latter name in the British Museum : it 
does not, however, accord with Fischer's species, which has a common 
blue-black patch on the apical half of the elytra, and which was 
described from a North Siberian insect. Mr. Gorham says : " I possess 
specimens of ;S'. discojyhorus from Russia, and I may say at once that 
our insect and that in the British Museum, attributed to South France, 
are a wholly different species. They are to be distinguished both from 
it and from >S'. skrimshiranus, not only by each elytra having a long 
blackish plagia about half the length of the elytra, not reaching the 
base or apex, and leaving the suture yellow ; but also by the rather 
longer, more parallel form, and by having the thorax longer, and 
narrowed towards the base, whereas in iS. discophorus it is nearly 
quadrate (although lounded on the sides), that is to say, the width at 
the anterior and posterior angles is about equal, and about equal to 
the length." 

The species may have been introduced, as others have been, in 
ballast or otherwise, but against this may be alleged the rareness of the 
insect in Europe. It was found under stones above high-water mark, 
behind an enclosure on the beach or shore fenced in for timber to 
season in the watei^ — a natural habitat for the insect : and moreover, 
two specimens were obtained together. 

ACUPALPUS, Dejean. 
In the European Catalogue A. derelictus, Daws. (Geod. Brit. 159) is 
given as synonymous with A. dor sails, F. A. dorsalis is a very vaiiable 
insect. Mr. Rye expressed his opinion that Dawson's insect was quite 
distinct (Ent- Ann., 1866, p. 60), it being larger and wider, with its 
thorax broader, not straightly narrowed behind, but somewhat rounded 
and toith the hasal fovea', quite unpunctured. Mr. Wollaston pointed out 
the proportionate superior length of its tarsi, especially of the claw 



ADEPHAGA. 5 

joints. Mr. Donisthorpe has seen the insect, which is now in the 
possession of Mr. Dawson's son, and considers it bears out Mr, Rye's 
remarks. 

HARP ALUS, Latreille. 

H. griseus, Panz., must be omitted from the British list : I know 
of no authentic specimen. 

The insect formerly introduced as H. luteicornis by Saunders, 
appears to be the female of H. tardus, Panz. (r. Brit. Col. i. 52). 

H. latus, var, erythrocephalus, F. Syst. El. i. 197. This 
variety diflers from the type-form in having the head and mandibles of 
a dark red colour. The red side-border of the thorax is also more 
marked, the colour being continued round the margins of the elytra : 
the scutellum also is reddish. It was recorded by Mr. E. A. Newbery 
(Ent. Mo. Mag. xxxv. (2 Ser. x.) 1S90, 159) as having been taken in 
numbers by j\[r. W. E. Sharp under flood refuse on the banks of the 
river Lleidr, Dolwyddelen, Carnai-vonshire. The examples of Carabus 
eri/throcephalus, F. referred to by Dawson (Geod. Brit. 146) as varieties 
of S. fulvij)es must probably be referred to this insect. This 
variety has also been taken on Lazonby Fell, Cumberland (Britten), 
Snowdon (Sopp &: Tomlin), Nethy Bridge, Scotland (Beare ct Donis- 
thorpe), and in Co. Antrim, Ii-eland (Tomlin). 

H. froelichi, Sturm., Devitsch. Ins., iv. 117, 67. {H. tardus, 
Panz., Faun. Germ., 37,24.) Allied toll. tor(:Z2'.s, G^dl., but distinguished 
by its shorter thorax, which is narrower in front, and by the broader 
and somewhat more convex elytra. Black, with the antennae and palpi 
yellowish-red. Thorax almost twice as broad as long, with the antei-ior 
margin very shallowly emarginate, the scarcely pronounced front angles 
bluntly rounded, and the posterior angles right angles ; the elyti'a are 
scarcely a third longer than their breadth taken together, broader than 
the thorax, strongly striate, with the interstices somewhat convex ; the 
femora and tibiae are brownish black and the tarsi reddish. L. 71- 
SJ mm. Neighbourhood of Ipswich. 

The species was introduced as British by Mr. E. A. Newbery, Ent. 
Mo. Mag. xxxiv. (2 Ser. ix.) 84, on specimens taken by Mr. Claude 
Morley and Mr. Ernest Elliott, in May 1898, under stones and logs on 
" Foxhall plateau," a barren wind-swept field just a mile from Martle- 
sham Heath and four miles from Ipswich ; eighty specimens were taken 
from May 4, 1897, to August 7, 1899, after which date Mr. Morley 
considered it to have disappeared {v. Ent. Mo. Mag. xxxvii. (2 Ser. xii.) 
61) ; in April 1903, however, Mr. Morley again took it in the same 
locality, and Mr. Beaumont obtained three or four specimens in May 
(Ent. Mo. Mag. xxxix. (2 Ser. xiv.) 205). 

H. fra'lichi, by its short, broad, convex form, and thorax not nar- 
rowed behind, is chiefly allied to H. serripes, Quens ; it is the H. tardus 
of Panzer, and the species standing as 3. tardus in our collections must 
be referred to H. rujimanus, Marsham (Ent. Brit. 441 22) ; if the 



6 ADEPHAGA. 

//. tardus of Gyllenhal (Ins. Suec. ii. 120, 33) is synonymous with this 
insect the name ought to have priority. 

The following table, drawn up by Mr. Newbery, may be found useful : 

I. Posterior femora having numerous (12-14) 

setigerous punctures on the internal margin. 
Thorax strongly trans verse, form short, broad 
and convex, antennae short, yellow-red, elytra 

nearly as shining in the female as in the male H. Froelichi, Sturm. 

{tardus, Panz. wee Brit. Cat. ) 

II. Posterior femora having fi-om three to 
eight punctures. 

i. Antennfe and palpi having the middle 
joints spotted v?ith black, form broad 
and convex, elytra nearly as shining in 
the female as in the male . . . H. serripes, Quens. 

ii. Antenn?e and palpi entirely yellow- 
red, form narrower and but little 

convex, male shining, female dull . H. rufimanus. Marsh. 

{tardus, Brit. Cat.) 

ANISODACTYLUS, Dejean. 

A. nemorivagus, Duft., Faun. Austr. ii. 79, S4. Closely allied to 
A. hinotatus. Fab., but plainly smaller, and with shorter elytra; palpi 
ferruginous ; thorax a little more contracted behind, and with the 
posterior angles pi-ojecting in a somewhat sharper tooth ; the base is 
finely and less rugosely puntured, and has an impressed stria on each 
side ; the elytra are only a third longer than together broad, and are 
more strongly sinuate behind ; legs entirely red. L. 8 mm. 

Taken by Mr. Champion on the heaths about Woking and Chobham ; 
it has also occurred at Bournemouth. Dr. G. AV. Nicholson has found 
it at Cromer. 

The typical form of this species had not been recorded from Britain 
until introduced by Mr. Champion in 1896 (Ent. Mo. Mag., xxxii., 
2 Ser. vii. 253) ; it was taken by him in company with the variety with 
the legs entirely black, or black with reddish tarsi ; this variety, which had 
not up to that time been noticed on the Continent, is the A. atricornis 
of Stephens, and the var. atricornis of A. hinotatus, Dej., of our cata- 
logues, the latter determination being in error. Mr. Champion adds in 
his note the following distinctive characters for separating A. hinotatus 
and A. nemorivagus : 

Marginal sulcus of the prothorax extending rather broadly to the 
anterior angles ; elytra with the sides and apex broadly and distinctly 
pubescent in both sexes, the sides moderately sinuate near the apex ; 
legs black, or black with the tarsi reddish {hinotatus, Fabr., rujitarsis, 
Steph., and calceutus, Steph.) or entirely reddish {spuo'caticornis, 
I^eJO c . . hinotatus, Fabr. 



ADEPHAGA. 7 

Marginal sulcus of the prothorax becoming very narrow in front : 
elytra shorter and less parallel, with the sides very narrowly, and rarely 
the extreme apex, indistinctly pubescent in both sexes, the sides strongly 
and abruptly sinuate near the apex ; size much smaller ; legs black or 
black with the tarsi reddish [atricornis, Steph., and nigricornis, Steph., 
1832), or entirely reddish {nemorivagus, Duft,, 1812, gilvipes, Dej., 
1828) ........ nemorivagus, Duft. 

The type, red-legged variety, appears to be much scarcer than the 
black-legged form, the same being the case with A. binotatus ; the 
species lives at the roots of heather on sandy commons, and is generally 
found in company with liar jxtlus honesties, which it much resembles; 
it is widely distributed in Central and Northern Europe. 

PTEROSTICHUS, Erichson. 

P. cupreus, L., var. erythropus, Fald., Faun. Tr. i. 50. In this 
variety the legs are almost entirely yellowish-red, and the third joint 
of the antennae is also of the same colour : in the var. affinis, the femora 
only are red or reddish, and the first two joints only of the antennse, as 
in the type, are yellowish-red. 

P. cupreus, L., var. coerulescens, L. Some blue specimens 
of Gujyreus were recorded as above (Irish Nat., 1903, p. 61), but 
Ganglbauer and the last European catalogue regard oerulescens, L. as 
the same insect as our versicolor. In the 1891 catalogue, versicolor 
was given as a synonym of cu])reus, and aerulescens as a var, 

AMARA, Bonelli. 

A. anthobia, Villa, Col. Eur. Dupl. (Mediol. 1833), 33, 5. This 
species is allied to A. familiar is, Duft. and A. lucida, Duft. It is a little 
smaller than the former and distinctly, as a rule, larger than the latter, 
which it much resembles in general appearance, and with which it has 
been confused in our collections; from both species, however, it differs 
in its shorter thorax which is narrower towards the base, and is smaller, 
thus giving the insect a heavier appearance behind ; the chief difference, 
however, lies in the very distinct prescutellaiy pore on each elytron, 
which is umbilicate and piliferous and is attached to the base of the 
scutellary stria ; the upper surface is more shining (especially in the 
ordinary bronze specimens) and the legs are of a colder and more umber 
shade of red than in either A. familiar is or A. litcida. L. 5-6| mm. 

Leighton Buzzard, Deal, Shirley, Chatham, Carshalton, King's 
Lynn, Oxford, New Forest, Barnes Common, Burwell Fen, &c. 

This addition to our lists was introduced by the Rev. George A. 
Crawshay (Ent. Mo. Mag. xli. (2 Ser. xvi.), 87); and he gives further 
details in Vol. xlii. (2 Ser. xvii.), 46 ; Mr. Crawshay has carefully worked 
out the range in size of a large number of examples of A. familiaris, 
A. lucida, and A. anthohia, and finds it to be respectively, 5J-7J mm., 
4|-6 mm., and 5-6| mm. 



S ADEPHAGA. 

A. continua, Thorns., Opusc. 1873, 52'9, var. convexior, 

Stepb., Mand. i. 131, If Stephens' insect is to be consideied as a 
mere convex variety of A. continua, as it probably ouglit to be, his 
name must have the priority, as it has in the European catalogue of 
1891, and we must therefore alter the nomenclature to A. convexior, 
Steph. var. A. continua, Thorns.; the variation, however, appears to be a 
rery slight one. 

A. famelica, Zimm., Gistl. Faun. i. 36. [A. contmsa, Schiodte, 
Danm. Eleuth. 186, 21. A. vulgaris, Thorns., Skand. Col. i. 249 
(nee Panz).) As a rule somewhat larger than the lai'gest examples 
of A. spreta which it chiefly resembles in sculpture and colour; the two 
basal joints of the antennae are usually red, but the second is often 
black on the upper side and sometimes both are black ; the thoi^ax 
is very short, double as broad as long posterioi-ly, rounded at the sides, 
with the anterior angles produced and moderately sharp, and the hind 
margin nearly straight; the po.sterior angles are slightly less than right 
angles ; the base on either side is furnished with two distinct impunc- 
tate impressions ; the elytra are long, more than double as long as the 
pi'onotum, and broader in the middle than its base, and the striae are 
rather fine and do not become deeper behind ; legs entirely black. The 
colour is variable, nigro-cceruleous or almost black specimens occurring. 
Female with two setigerous pores on each side of the anal segment. 
L, 6-8 mm. 

Woking and Chobham ; taken by Savmders and Champion (Ent. 
Mo. Mag. xxxii. (2 >Ser. vii.), 97). Netley Heath (Walker). 

The species as Mr. Champion {I.e.) says is intermediate between A. 
spreta. Tie']. (= cwrte, Steph.) and A. lunicollis, Schiodte {= vulgaris 
Panz. nee Thoms.) ; from the first of these it may be separated by its more 
elongate elytra, the distinctly more slender and elongate black legs 
(the tibise are pitchy red in A. sjireta) and the darker first and second 
joints of the antennfe ; the males, moreover, have the middle and hind 
tibiae less bowed, and the females have two setigerous pores (instead of 
one as in^. spreta) on either side of the fifth ventral segment near the 
margin ^ from A. lunicollis, with which it agrees in the dark basal 
joints of the antenna? and the black leg.-^, it differs in having the thorax 
less dilated, with the hind angles more rectangular, and the elytral 
striae not more deeply impressed towards the apex, the insect in this 
respect agreeing with A. spreta. The species is widely disti'ibuted in 
northern and central Euiope, but it is very rare in Germany, and has 
not been recorded from Fi-ance. 

L.ffiMOSTENUS, Bonelli. 
L. (Laemosthenes) complanatus, Dej., Spec. Col. iii., p. 58. 
(Z. alatiis, Woll., In.s. Mader. 27 ; L. chilensis, Gory., Ann. Soc. Ent. 
Fr. 1833, p. 232 ; L. mfitarsis, Curtis., Trans. Linn. Soc. xviii., 1839, 
p. 189.) This insect is very like Pristonychus temcola, Herbst., 
with which it has been found mixed in several collections; it is, on 



ADEPHAGA. 9 

the average, very slightly smallei-, with the elytra more parallel sided 
and the thorax less contracted behind ; the shape of the thorax, how- 
ever, in both species is somewhat variable ; the colour is of a more 
pronounced black, a slight bluish reflection being present in P.terricola ; 
the legs are considerably shorter, and the insect is winged ; in the last 
named species the wings ai-e obsolete. L. 13-15 mm. 

First recorded as taken on sandy soil near the sea, about three 
miles from Nelson's Pillar, Dublin, by Mr. Stanley AV. Kemp (Ent. Mo. 
Mag. xxxviii. (2 Ser. xiii.), 210 ; Strood, in a granary (Hudson Beare); 
Woolwich (Bedwell); Plymouth, in a deep crevice in a tree, blown 
down by a storm on the previous day (J. H. Keys) ; Isle of Sheppey 
(J. J. Walker), veiy plentiful in August 1905 in a large heap of sew- 
age and condemned sacks from the Sheppey Glue and Chemical Works ; 
Calbourne, Isle of Wight (Pool) ; Southwick near Brighton (Dollman). 

The species has a very wide range and is evidently distributed by 
commerce ; Mr. Walker has observed it at Gibraltar, Valparaiso 
(Chili), and Port Adelaide (South Australia), and also in abundance 
near all the ports in New Zealand which he has visited ; it is a common 
circum- Mediterranean insect. 

ANCHOMENUS, Erichson. 

A. (Agonum) Viduus, Panz., var. emarginatus, Gyll., Ins. 
Suec. iv., 450. The insects with projecting shoulders and emarginate 
base of elytra, standing in our collections as v. mvestus, Duft., must be 
referred to the above insect. The true v. mcestus is only a deep black 
form of A. vichms, without any metallic reflection. 

BEMBIDIUM, Latreille. 

B. iricolor. Bedel, Faun. Col. Bass. Seine, i., p. 35. In intro- 
ducing this species as British, Mr. Newbery (Ent. Mo. Mag. xxis. 
(2 Ser. iv.), 250), states that it is the insect described by me as B. 
rijxirium, 01., and that he has seen specimens of it, all taken near 
brackish water, from Rainham, Plumstead, Plaistow, Sheerness and 
Southsea, and he further proceeds to reinstate B. lunulatum, Fourc. 
(1785) = riparium, 01., and auct., as distinct from BedeFs species, and 
gives the following table : 

I. Elytra with the 7th stria indicated by a i^ow 

of seven or eight punctures . . . B. biguttatum, F. 

II. Elytra with the 7tli stria wanting. 

i. Middle joints of antennae about three 
times as long as broad ; interstices of 

elytra broader and flatter. L. 4-5. mm. . B. iricolor. Bedel. 
ii. Middle joints of antennae at most 2h 
times as long as broad; interstices of elytra 

narrower and more convex. L. 3i mm. B. luxulatum, Fourc. 

= RIPARIUM, 0^.,et auct. 



10 ADEPHAGA. 

I appended a note to Mr. Newbery's article as follows : '• In my book 
I have allowed B. riparium (? = lunulatwm, Fourc.) to stand as a 
separate species, on the ground cf the total absence of the 7th stria of 
the elytra, but I felt considerable doubt in the matter, and believe it 
to be only a form of B. higuttatum. As for B. iricolor, the characters 
assigned to it by Bedel are certainly not enough to give it specific 
rank ; they are purely comparative and very slight, and at most the 
insect appears to be a local variety found, as above stated, near 
brackish water ; forms found in such localities are often somewhat 
different from the type. It is a pity, too, to further confuse the 
nomenclature and, in any case, to revive B. lunulatum is to cause a 
confusion with B. lunatum that is far best avoided, if possible ; 
several of the groups of Bembidium are quite confused enough already, 
Beare and Donisthorpe in their catalogue (1904) retain B. iricolor, as 
separate from B. riparium, but have refrained from reinstating the 
name of B. ht^iulatum for the latter species." 

Since the above was written Mr. Newbery has discovered that the 
disc of the thorax in B. iricolor and B. lunulatimi is not alutaceous, 
and has kindly sent me the following table of all the species of the 
Fhilochthus group of the genus Bembidium. The head is alutaceous in 
all the species, most conspicuously so in B. cenetim, Germ., and least 
conspicuously in B. bigiUtatum, Fab. 

I. Disc of thorax alutaceous : 

i. 7th stria of elytra indicated by about 
ten or more punctures ; first joint of 
antennae, and the legs, red-yellow. L. 

3J-4 mm B. biguttatum, F. 

ii. 7th stria of elytra wanting, or (rarely) 
indicated by two or three punctures near 
the base, 

1. Legs and antennae black, or very 
neax'ly so ; size larger ; apical elytral 
spot usually wanting (at most in- 
distinct). L. 4 mm. . . . B. ^neum, Germ. 

2. Legs and first joint of antennae (at 
least at base) reddish ; smaller 
species. L. 2|-3|- mm. 

A. Contour of elytra more parallel, 
with shoulders more marked ; 
apical spot nearly always present; 

colour more aeneous . . . B. guttula, F. 

B. Contour of elytra more ovate 
and convex, Avith the shouldei-s 
nearly effaced ; apical spot 
usually absent ; colour black or 

brown (? immature), not aeneous B. Mannerheimi, Sahl. 



ADEPHAGA. 11 

II Disc of thorax not alutaceous. 

i. Size larger ; middle joints of antennae 
about three times as long as broad ; 
elytral striae less deeply punctured in 
front. Found in tidal marshes, on the 
banks of tidal rivers, and on the sea- 
shore. L. 1-5 mm B. iricolor, Bedel. 

ii. Size smaller ; middle joints of antennae 
two and a half times as long as broad ; 
elytral striae more deeply punctured in 
front ; common everywhere . . . B, lunulatum, Fourc. 

All these species are regarded as distinct in the 1906 European 
catalogue, but there is still something to be said on the other side. It 
is difldcult to describe the dift'erences between B. guttida and B. 
Mannerheimi, but when the insects are put side by side they are quite 
obvious ; the shape of the elytra and the colour are quite difierent. 
The presence or absence of the elytral spot is of little value as a 
character. 

B. callosum, Kust., KUfer, 9, 23 (1847). {B. laterale, Dej., 
Spec, v., 185.) This insect was introduced by Dawson (Geod. Brit, 
p. 206, Plate iii. fig. c.) on one specimen "captured by Mr. Stewart on 
Woking Common in the summer of 1851," and the species has been 
reinstated by Beare and Donisthorpe (Catalogue, p. 4) on the ground 
that it is still extant. The following is Dawson's description : 

This species very nearly resembles 4-guttatum, but is rather 
smaller, narrower, and more delicately formed. The principal characters 
which distinguish it from that species are stated as follows : The colour 
of a deeper black; the base of the first joint of the antennse alone 
testaceous red ; the elytra more finely striated and the punctuation more 
minute, the humeral spot continued, but more narrowly, along the 
lateral max-gin till it unites with the lower one, which is smaller and 
less round than the corresponding one in 4-guttatum ; in other 
respects they do not difier. L. 2 lines. 

Dawson's figure does not agree with his description, which he has 
evidently copied, as is proved by his use of the words, " are stated as 
follows." In the figure the posterior spot is quite distinct and not 
joined to the lateral extension of the anterior spot ; the colour of the 
base of the Antennae varies considerably in B. quadriguttatum, and I 
have specimens from Luccombe Chine (Isle of Wight) with the base 
almost entirely black. I have not seen Dawson's example. His 
collection is now in the possession of his son, and Mr. Donisthorpe, who 
has seen it, says it agrees well with the figure. 

B. virens, Gyll., Faun. Suec. iv., 407. {B. 2)feiffi, Sahib,, Ins. 
Fen. i. 195, 13 : Thoms. Skand. Col., i. 201.) Very closely allied to 
B. jyrasinumt Duft., but distinguished by having the basal joint of the 
antennae entirely black (in B. jyi-asiniim the joint is always testaceous 



12 ADEPHAGA. 

underneath, and sometimes entirely so), and especially by having the 
strife of the elytra distinctly, though finely, punctured : the insect, 
moreover, is evidently less depressed, more shining, and of a brighter 
aeneous colour. L. 5 mm. 

Shores of Loch Maree, Ross-shire, Scotland. 

This species was taken not uncommonly by Mr. Champion and Mr. 
R. W. Lloyd on July G, 1892, and was introduced as British by Mr. 
Champion, who had placed it in his collection near B. jn-asinnm and 
forgotten it, in 1895 (Ent. Mo. Mag. xxxi. (2 Ser. vi.) 203). It has 
occurred in Sweden, Lapland, Finland, Norway, and Switzerland, but 
has not been recorded from Germany or France, As both Gyllenhal's 
and Sahlberg's descriptions appeared in 1827, it is not quite certain 
which of the above names has priority, but as Mr. Champion (I.e.) says 
it may be remarked that C. R. Sahlberg himself quotes Gyllenhal's 
name, at the same time using that of B. jtfi^tfi for the insect. 

B. argenteolum, Ahr., Neue Schrift. Hall. Gesells., ii. 2, 23, 
8, t. i., f. 12. Closely allied to B. jmludosum, Panz., with which it iias 
been confused in collections, but distinctly larger and more robust, 
with the thorax more evidently broader than long and the posterior 
angles sharp and prominent : in B. ^mhcdosimi the thorax is at most 
slightly broader than long, and the posterior angles are not prominent ; 
the colour, moreover, of the latter insect is dull, or very dull, whereas 
B. argenteolum is more shining and more dintinctly bronze ; this 
character, however, is somewhat variable. L. 6 mm. 

Ardmore, Lough ISTeagh, Ireland (Rev. W. F. Johnson). 
The Rev. W. F. Johnson first captured this species in June 1899, 
and it was introduced as British by Mr. Johnson and Mr. J. N. Halbert 
in their excellent "List of the Beetles of Ireland" (Proceedings of the 
Royal Irish Academy, 3 Ser., vol. vi., No. 4, p. 587). The Irish records 
hitherto existing for B. jxdudosum must be referred to this species. 

Apart from the difierences above mentioned the hue of the antennse 
and the tibiae are lighter than in B. jMludosum : in the latter species 
the tibiae are in my specimens almost entirely black, whereas in the 
specimens of B. argenteolum, kindly given me by Mr. Johnson, they 
are almost entirely red ; the characteiistic impressions on the elytra 
are said to be oblong in IL pahidos-iim and quadrate in B. argenteolum. 
I cannot see much difierence in this respect, but in my specimens of 
the latter species they are less marked than in B. paludosum. 

B. argenteolum has been recorded fiom Germany, Korfcfeern France, 
Sweden, and Siberia, 

TRECHUS, Clairville. 
T. subnotatus, Dej. Spec. v. 18. Pitchy, with an oblong spot on 
shoulder, a subrotundate one before apex, and the inflexed margin of 
elytra, testaceous. Antenna with the second joint shorter and thicker 
than fourth. Thorax subcordate with sides a little arched, and posterior 
angles small, prominent and acute. Elytra sub-oblong-ovate, punctate- 



ADEPHAGA. 13 

striate, the marginal strife nearly obsolete. Introduced by Mr. Newbery 
(Ent. Mo. Mag., 1910, p. 131) on a single specimen shaken out of a 
tuft of grass at Hhaldon, near Teignmouth, on February 26, 1910, by 
Mr. P. de la Garde. The species occurs in Italy, Greece, Asia Minor, 
cfec, and can only provisionally be regarded as British till further 
captures are made. 

DROMIUS, Bonelli. 

D. angustus, Brulle, Silb. Rev. ii, 1834, 105 (testacens, Er. Kaf. 
Mark. Brand. 30). Ferruginous, with the elytra often dark reddish 
brown, antennae, palpi and legs light reddish yellow ; forehead longi- 
tudinally rugose at the sides only (and not completely across as in 
J). meridio7icdis, Dej.), smooth or feebly punctured in the middle: 
thorax abovit as broad as long, not strongly narrowed behind, with 
the sides less broadly dilated than in D. agilis, F. ; elytra longer and 
I'elatively narrower than in the last two mentioned species, with a row 
of punctures on the seventh interstice only, in which it agrees with 
I). meridionaUs, and ditiers from D. agilis, L. 5^-6 i mm. 

Mr. Champion (Ent. Mo. Mag. sliv. (2 Ser. xix.), 1908, 124), 
records five specimens as having been taken by his son at Woking in 
Janviary 190G, under bark of old posts. Ganglbauer mentions it as 
found rarely in Central Europe, under bark. It is very likely in 
several of our collections- under I). meridionaUs. 

D. agilis, var. bimaculatus, Dej. Spec. I. 240. This variety 
differs from the type form in having on their anterior half a light 
spot extending to the base, and before the apex a further small spot 
which is often obsolete. 

A single specimen of this variety was taken by Mr. Donisthorpe at 
Battle, near Hastings, in the early part of 1906. (Ent. Record, 1906, 
p. 75.) This insect is evidently very rare. )Subsequently recorded by 
Mr. Tomlin, from the New Forest. 

HALIPLID^. 

HALIPLUS, LatreiUe. 
It has long been known that the species of Jlalijjlus, especially 
those of the H. rujicollis group, were very ill-defined, and it has been 
impossible to determine them with any satisfaction ; more than thirty 
years ago Julius Gerhardt called attention to the value, as a differential 
character, of an extremely fine irrorate punctuation found on the elytra 
of the females (Zeitschr. fiir Ent. Breslau, 1877, 34) ; this, however, has 
been made but little use of until recently, Mr, Newbery was aware 
of the character when he introduced his H. immaculatus (Ent. Mo. 
Mag. xliii., 1907, 4), but it has been left to Mr. J. Edwards to show its 
full value in separating the species ; this he has done in a paper 
published by him in the " Entomologist Monthly Magazine " (vol. xlvii. 
2 Ser. xxii.) 1911, i.), in which he gives a table containing no fewer 



14 



ADEPHAGA. 



H, OBLIQUUS, F. 



than sixteen British species. The shape of the sedeagus and its side 
lobes form a valuable character, and Dr. Joy has, by dissecting out 
these parts in several of the species, proved their distinctness. The 
new species mentioned in the paper are my var. pallens of H. conjinis 
(Brit. Col. i. 153), which Mr. Edwards now raises to specific rank, H. 
fnlvicoUis, Er., H. heydeni, Wehncke, H. wehnckei, Gerh. (= immactt- 
latus, Newbery), and H. immacidatns, Gerh. {nee Newbery). It is 
probable that there will be one or two other species, if not more, to be 
brought forward. 

We give Mr. Edwards' table : 

I. Elytra with sub-regular rows of shallow 

punctures : 
i. Base of thorax without a longitudinal im- 
pression opposite the fourth row of elytral 
punctures. Prosternum not margined, 
coarsely punctured ..... 
ii. Base of thorax with a longitudinal im- 
pression, bounded outwardly by a distinct 
ridge, opposite the fourth row of elytral 
punctures. Prosternum margined, finely 
punctured. 

1. Pale yellow, black lines on elytra obsolete 
on the basal fourth. Thorax little more 
than two and a half times as broad as 
long, less contracted in front 

2. Usually red-yellow, black lines on the 
elytra complete to the base. Thorax at 
least three times as broad as long, more 
strongly narrowed in front . 

II. Elytra with regular rows of deep punc- 

tures : 
i. Base of thorax without a longitudinal im- 
pression on each side opposite the fourth 
row of elytral punctvires. 
1. A row of large punctures across the base 
of the thoi-ax. 
A. Elytra without dark mai'kings. Front 
edge of thorax not roundly produced in 
the middle. 

a. Head large, more than half as wide 
as the base of the thorax. Body sub- 
elliptic with parallel sides. Front edge 
of thorax biconcave, produced into a 
slight angle in the middle . 

b. Head moderate, less than half as 
wide as the base of the thorax. 



H. PALLENS, Fowler. 



H. coNFiNis, Steph. 



H. MUCRONATUS, Steph. 



ADEPHAGA. 



15 



Body widest before middle of elytra. 

Front edge of thorax not produced 

in the middle ..... 

B. Elytra with dark spots. Front edge 

of thorax sinuate, slightly roundly 

produced in the middle. 

a. Elytra with the suture and a 
variable number of oblong spots 
which are situate on the interstices 
and do not, any of them, touch the 
suture, blackish. Sides of thorax 
straight .... . . 

b. Elytra with the suture and a variable 
number of irregular spots, which 
are not markedly oblong, and some of 
which touch the suture, blackish. 
Sides of the thorax distinctly con- 
vex ....... 

2. Punctures on the base of the thorax 
but little larger than those across the 
apex. Sides of thorax straight and 
forming a distinct angle with the out- 
line of the elytra. The latter with 
more or less interrupted dark lines 

i. Base of thorax with a longitudinal im- 
pression on each side opposite the fourth 
row of elytral punctures. 
1. Head, in greater part, pale. Thoracic 
impression not falcate, nor reaching the 
half length of the thorax. Metasternum 
simple. 
A. Elytra with the dark lines 1-4 un- 
equal in width, distinctly widened on 
the disc, 5-7 intexrupted at the base, in 
the middle, and at the apex, and often 
confluent, 
a. Thorax apparently more than twice 
as broad as long, the sides strongly 
convergent in front. Elytra evidently 
widest before the middle, 
a*. Elytral interstices in the female, 
wholly or in part, with an extremely 
fine irrorate punctuation. 
at. Elytral interstices in the female 
punctate throughout. Usually a 
little larger than H. heydeni, and 



H. FLAVicoLLis, Sturm. 



H. FuiiVus, F. 



H. VARIEGATUS, SfUi'Vl. 



H. LAMINATUS, Schall. 
= CINEREUS, Aube. 



16 



ADEPHAGA. 



much less rapidly narrowed behind. 
Inner claw on front tarsi of male 
about two-thirds as long as the 
outer, wider and more strongly- 
curved ...... 

bf . Elytral interstices in the female 
punctate across the apex and 
sometimes along the distal half of 
the suture. Similar to H. ruji- 
collis, but scarcely so wide at the 
shoulders and more gradually nar- 
rowed behind. Dark red-yellow in 
colour with the black markings on 
the elytra more pronounced . 
b*. Elytral interstices in the female 
without punctuation, generally 
smaller than H. ruJicoHis, compara- 
tively wider at the shoulders and 
more rapidly narrowed behind. Claws 
on front tarsi of male subsimilar . 
b. Thorax not more than twice as 
broad as long, the sides moderately 
convergent in front. Elytra widest 
in the middle, with an oblique pale 
band from the shoulder to the suture, 
followed by another oblique band of 
approximately equal width, but com- 
posed of short, black, longitudinal 
lines ...... 

B. Elytra with the dark lines 1-4 of 
uniform width throughout, 5-7 less 
decidedly, or not at all, interrupted. 

a. Sides of elytra usually sub-parallel, 
as in II. lineatocollis. Elytral inter- 
stices of the female punctate through- 
out. Left side-lobe of fedeagus sub- 
falcate, without a fringe on its 
concave edge ..... 

b. Sides of elytra continuously curved. 
a*. Elytral interstices of female punc- 
tate on the apical half, the punctua- 
tion becoming gradually evanescent 
about the middle. Left side-lobe of 
the sedeagus with a fi'inge of long, 
more or less coherent, hair-like 
strips of delicate membrane on the 
distal half of its concave edge. 



H, RUFicoLLis, De Geer. 



H. FULVICOLLIS, Er. 



H. HEYDENi, Wehncke. 



H. FLUViATiLis, Axibe. 



H. STRiATUS, Sharp. 



ADEPHAGA. 17 

^deagus obtusely rounded at the 
apex with a subrectangular projec- 
tion near the apical third of its 

convex edge H. Wehnckei, Gerh, 

b*. Elytral interstices of female with- 
out punctuation. Left side-lobe of 
pedeagus with a large triangular 
tooth near the middle of its concave 
edge, ^deagus narrowly pointed, 
its convex edge a little subangularly 

dilated near the middle . . . H, immaculatus, Gerh. 
2. Head black or blackish. Thox'acic im- 
pression falcate, reaching at least to the 
half length of the thorax. Metaster- 
num with two straight, divergent 
keels H, LiNEATOCOLLis, J/ars/i. 

The above characters seem to be satisfactory, but it should be 
remembered that Bedel, who is usuall}- a very accurate observer, 
remai'ks (Faune. Col.du Bassin de la Seine, i. 222) on the occurrence of 
every shade of transition in colour, form and punctuation in a large 
series of the H. rujicollis group, and he also alludes to the dimorphic 
character of the sculpture of the elytra in the females, some having the 
elytra smooth, whereas in some it is more or less ''alutaceous" ; 
Mr. Edwards says that he has found no tendency towards dimorphism 
in the species, and rightly objects to the term " alutacees " by which, 
however, Bedel evidently refers to the irrorate punctuation. 

H. pallens, Fowler (Edwards, Ent. Mo. Mag. xlvii. (2 ser. xxii.) 
1911, 5). H. confinis, S'teph., var. pallens. Fowler, Brit. Col. i. 153 
The ground colour in this species is the same as in H. obliqims, 
from which it difFei's in the possession of a longitudinal impression, 
bounded outwardly by a distinct ridge on the base of the thorax, 
opposite the fourth row of elytral punctures. The black markings on 
the elytra somewhat resemble those of H. obliquus at first sight, but 
the four inner lines are not interrupted behind the middle as in that 
species ; the suture and the base of the elytra are narrowly black. It 
is paler and narrower than //. confinis, with the thorax longer in 
proportion to its width and the elytral pattern diflerent. L. 3j- 
3J mm. 

Loch Leven (Power) : Mr. McNab appears to have taken the species, 
probably at Loch Leven, and there are examples in Mr. Waterhouse's 
collection, pi-obably from Mr. Bold, 

H. fulvicollis, Er., KUf. Mk. Brand, 37, 186 (Edwards, I.e. p. 7). 
Similar to H. ruficollis, but scai'cely so wide at the shoulders and more 
gradually narrowed behind, the ground colour dark red-yellow, the 
black markings on the elytra more pronounced, and the punctuation 
of the elytra in the females confined to the apex and the distal 

B 



18 ADEPHAGA. 

half of the suture. The presternum is sparingly and coarsely 
punctured, grooved down the middle of the front half, flat behind, 
L. 2^ mm. 

Merton, Surrey; Cambridge (Sharp); Isle of Sheppey (J 
J. Walker). 

H. heydeni, Wehncke, Deutsch Ent. Zeits. 1875, 122 (Edwards, 
I.e. p. 8). Smaller than H. ruficoUis, comparatively wider at the 
shoulders and more abruptly narrowed behind ; the interstices of the 
elytra are without punctuation in the female, whereas in the last- 
named species they are punctate throughout. L. 2\ mm. 

Locally common ; Hampstead ; Lee ; Brighton District ; New 
Forest ; Stony Stratford ; Leicester ; Hornsey ; Cotswold District 
(abundant in ponds). 

H. wehnckei, Gerh. Deutsch Ent. Zeits. 3 877, 448 (Edwards, 
l.c. 9) ; H. imtiiaculatus, Newbery {nee Gerh.), Ent. Mo, Mag. 
xliii. (2 Sei'. xviii.) 1907, 4. The characters of this species are given 
fully in the table ; specimens which are not fully coloured might be 
mistaken for H. fluviatilis, L. 2| mm. 

Bury St. Edmunds ; Cotswold district (very common in mill ponds); 
Whitwell Common, Felthorpe and Brundall (Norfolk); Mallow, 
Ireland (Mitford). 

H. immaculatus, Gerh. {nee Newbery), Zeit. fiir. Ent., Nouv. 
Ser., vi. p. o6, Breslau, 1877 (Edwards, l.c. 9). This species is closely 
allied to the preceding ; the females are easily distinguished by the 
punctuation of the elytral interstices as desciibed in the table ; the 
males can only be known with certainty by reference to the genitalia, 
but Mr. Edwards has noticed that there is a tendency in this species 
for the elytral punctures forming the apex of the ninth row to become 
merged in a black marking, this tendency being apparently absent in 
H, ivehnekei. L. 2|- mm, 

Lee, Kent ; Sandown, Isle of Wight ; Norwich ; Deal ; Isle of 
Sheppey ; Colwall ; Braunton ; Stony Stratford ; Campeltown. 

DYTISCID^. 

HYDROPORUS, Clairville. 

H. hop£Fgarteni, Schilsky, Deutsch Ent. Zeitsch. 1892, 193. 
Elongate oval, sub-depressed, head and thorax dark, the margins of the 
latter somewhat lighter, elytra dark or pitchy-brown with traces of 
lighter colour towards base near the shoulders ; these, however, are 
probably variable, and are more or less obscure; superficially the elytra 
appear unicolorous; head extremely finely sculptured, thorax with 
very diffuse fine punctures, the interspaces being very finely aluta- 
ceous ; elytra moderately closely and distinctly punctured, rather 
strongly alutaceous ; antennae dark, with lighter base ; legs pitchy. 
L, 2^ mm. 

Not uncommon in March in the ditches behind the sandhills at 



ADEPHAGA. 19 

Deal, on the road to Sandwich (Chitty) ; Isle of Sheppey (Walker) ; 
Camber (Bedwell). 

This is the insect introduced by Mr. Chitty as II. bilineaius, Sturm 
(Ent. Mo. Mag. xxxix. (2 Ser. xiv.) 1903, 144); it is, however, quite 
distinct by its narrower form, its colour, and the more diffuse punctua- 
tion of the elytra. It is allied to H. granularis, L., but differs entirely 
in shape, in the punctuation of the elytra, and in the absence of the 
two yellow lines on each elytron. 

Gerhardt (Deutsch Ent. Zeitsch., 1909, 423) has a note on this 
species, which he still regards as a variety of 11. bilineatiis, but thinks 
it may very probably turn out to be a distinct species; Bedel (Faune. 
Col. du Bassin de la Seine, i. 262, note) says that II. bilineatiis is the 
male of H. granula7-is ; this is evidently not the case ; H. hilineatus 
appears to be confined to Central Europe and does not, probably, occur 
in Britain, 

H. palustris, L.,var. tinctus, Clark. Ann. Mag.jSTat. Hist. x. 326. 
I have before referred to this variety (Brit. Col. i. 182) ; the testaceous 
spots are almost if not quite obsolete, and the whole insect is of a reddish 
or fuscous colour ; it occurs in the New Forest, where it was taken by 
Turner. Dr. Sharp (Dytiscidse, p. 813) says that he believes it to be 
a variety of H. palustris, but it may possibly be H. incognitus, Sharp, 
in which case the name 11. tinctus must stand, as it has seven years' 
priority. Ganglbauer does not mention the vai-iety, but in the last 
European catalogue it is given as a variety of Il.jonicus, Mill, which 
can hardly be correct, as II. jonicus is a Mediterranean species ; it is 
described by Ganglbauer as being 4 mm. in length (the size of large 
specimens of //. ■palustris), and as distinguished from //. jxdustris by its 
much more elongate and narrower form, the shining upper side in both 
sexes, the much more strongly punctured elytra, the more strongly punc- 
tured hind coxpe, the longer and more slender tarsi, and the very slightly 
uneven claws of the anterior tarsi in the male. 

In vol. i. p. 183, II. celatus, Clark, is given as a synonym of II. 
longiilus, Muls. ; Clark's name should stand, and it has priority assigned 
to it in the European catalogue (1906) ; the species is variable, and we 
ought, perhaps, to say U. celatus, Clark, and var. longulits, Muls. 

AGABITS, Leach. 

A. bipustulatus, L., Syst. Nat. x., ii. 1767, 667. As I have 
before said (Brit. Col. i. 197), in the mountainous districts of England, 
Wales or Scotland, the examples of this species become smaller, narrower, 
moi-e oblong and depressed : the males become more shining, and one 
form of the female much duller, so that the disparity of the sexes 
appears much greater than in the type form : to these forms must be 
referred the var. snoiodonius, Newman (Ent. Mag. i. 1832, 55), and the 
var. soliei'i, Aube. 

In the European Catalogue of 1906, A. bijnistulattis and A. solieri 
are treated as separate species, with the following synonyms : 



20 ADEPHAGA. 

A, bipustulatus, L. 
luctuosus, Geoffr, 
carbonarius, F, 
V. abdominalis, Costa. 
V, picipennis, Sahib. 

A. solieri, Aube. 
tarsatus, Zett. 
alpestris, Heer. 
sexualis, Reiche. 
V, kiesemvetteri, Seidl. 

I believe, however, that all these must be referred to ^1. bipustulatus, 
which Dr. Sharp (Dytiscida^, Royal Dublin Society, 1880-1882, p. 532), 
speaks of as " Species pervariabilis." 

As the question of variable sexual dimorphism is brought out 
more strongly in this species than in almost any other, it is worth 
while to quote Dr. Sharp's remarks on the difierent forms at length, as 
they are not generally available to students (I.e. 553-554). 

"The variation found in this species is very complex and interesting. 
The ordinary form may be considered to be that in which the female has 
the surface duller than the male, and the longitudinal scratches finer, 
denser and more oblique, the general form in both sexes being rather 
regularly oval, the female, however, being generally just a little narrower 
and more oblong than the male ; on examination under the compound 
microscope, with a half-inch object-glass, it appears that the dulness of 
the surface in the female is caused by minute scale-like reticulations, 
which are not so deep in the male as in the other sex ; this form is that 
universally found in temperate Europe, and I have it in my collection 
as far East as Persia ; the size about 9-11 mm. long, 5-5| mm. broad ; 
this may be called the ordinary or typical form. 

" In some of the warmer parts of Europe, there are found large 
specimens in which the sculpture of the female is quite similar to that 
of the male, which, as in the ordinary form just mentioned, consists of 
very elongate, narrow meshes on the basal portion of the elytra ; this 
may be called the South European variety. 

" In the highland districts of Britain, and in the Alps and Iceland, 
the specimens become smaller, and of a narrower, more oblong and 
depressed form, with the base of the thorax narrower than that of the 
elytra, and the surface in the female excessively dull, so that the 
disparity in the appearance of the sexes is very great ; but this form 
(for females of which Aube proposed the name '■ Agabus solieri') is 
connected with the common temperate European form by every shade 
of dimorphic variation ; this may be called the dimorphic Alpine form. 

" In some localities in the Alps and Pyrenees there are found (I 
believe always at a great elevation) specimens of elongate, narrow and 
depressed forms, with very shining surface, the bculpture in the 
female being similar to that of the male, and the meshes of the 



ADEPHAGA. 21 

reticulation of the elytra being generally rather broader and shorter than 
in the ordinary temperate European form. This form has been found 
by Kiesenwetter in the Alps of Carniola ; and has also occurred at 
Lago Pinter, and in the Hautes Pyrenees ; it may be called the 
monomorphic Alpine form. 

" We have thus the peculiar anomaly that in some Alpine districts the 
sexual divergence in sculpture of the female from the male is much 
increased, while in other Alpine districts there is on the contrary con- 
vergence of the sculpture of the female to the male, or in fact absolute 
similarity. I have no evidence that these two Alpine forms of the 
female are ever found together, indeed all the evidence I have indicates 
the contrary ; thus though I have found great numbers of the dimorphic 
Alpine form in the mountains about Braemar, I have never found a 
single female with sculpture at all like that of the male, while the 
females before me from Lago Pinter, seven in number, are all similar 
to the males. There thus appear to be two Alpine races, the males 
of the two being similar while the females are very diflerent. The 
species, however, not only varies in sculpture both absolutely (that is in 
both sexes considered together) and sexually, but it shows quite as 
great and even more interesting modifications, in what may be called 
quite structural characters ; thus the shape becomes in the Alpine 
forms quite different from that obtained in the plains, and in corre- 
spondence with this modification of shape is a change in the legs, which 
are very much more elongate and slender (that is less highly developed 
for swimming) than they are in the individuals of the plain ; this 
diminution in the power of the legs reaches its extreme in the most 
divergent females of both the Alpine forms. 

" The male tarsi also are subject to much variation, the amount of 
their incrassation and the sexual structure of the front claws being each 
inconstant ; the greatest development of the male feet and claws is 
found in the large individuals of the plains, the smallest in the Alpine 
forms ; in these latter the amount of dilatation of the tarsus is greatly 
diminished, and the posterior of the claws on the front feet becomes 
more slender, the dilatation of its hinder edge being in extreme cases 
very greatly diminished ; the fi-ont claws moreover are variable 
independently of Alpine or boreal localisation, for I have a male (from 
Corsica ?) in which the anterior claw retains pretty nearly the normal 
shape, but is not longer than the front one. 

" It seems very difficult to comprehend these variations. Especially 
peculiar seems the fact that the males of Alpine and boreal districts 
depart from the dwellers of the plains in one direction only, and yet 
their females depart in two opposite directions ; equally difiicult of 
explanation is the fact that though disparity in sculpture of the sexes 
is the rule, yet this disparity disappears in the two forms which in 
other respects are most widely different from one another, viz., the 
large and powerful South European variety, and the feeble, mono- 
morphic Alpine variety ; we seem, however, at any rate, jvistified in 



22 



ADEPHAGA. 



inferring tliat the peculiar sculpture of the females bears no correlation 
to the development of the male tarsi." 

A. uliginosus, var. 9 dispar.. Bold. Zoologist, app. xxiv., 1849. 
This is the dull variety of the female which I have recorded as not 
uncommon in Ashham Bog, York (Brit. Col. i. p. 192) ; Dr. Sharp 
(Dytiscidfe, p. 507), speaking of A. uliginosus writes: " The female 
generally resembles the male in sculpture, but a form occurs rarely 
(? in Britain only) in which the upper surface in this sex is excessively 
densely and finely reticulate, so as to be quite opaque " (v. Donisthorpe. 
Ent. Kecord, xi., 1899, 160). 

A. affinis, Payk ; A. unguicularis. Thorns. There has always 
been great difficulty with regard to the separation of A. affinis, Payk 
and A. unguicidaris, Thoms., but this has been cleared up by an 
excellent paper on the two species by Mr. F. Balfour-Browne (Ent. 
Record, xviii., 1906, 273); in any case the species require careful 
microscopical examination before they can be definitely separated. 
The following is Mr. Balfour-Browne's summary of the distinctions : 

1. Form more parallel, colour black; 

metasternal lacinise or wings less 

sharply pointed ; reflexed margin of 

elytra black, and apex more sharply 

pointed. In male, anterior claw on 

anterior tai-si with a triangular tooth, 

the apex of which is directed neither 

forward nor backward ; stridulatory 

files shorter, with ridges very fine and 

close together. Less reliable char- 
acters ; legs more inf uscate ; antennfe 

less inf uscate; occipital spots more 

distinct ...... 

Form more oval ; colour of a slightly 

feneous cast ; metasternal lacinise or 

wings more sharply pointed ; reflexed 

maigin of elytra obscure-red, and 

apex less sharply pointed ; in male, 

anterior claw on anterior tarsi with a 

tooth, in which the apex is directed 

forwards towards the apex of the claw ; 

stridulatory files longer, with ridges 

stronger and farther apart. Less reli- 
able characters ; legs less infuscate ; 

antennai more infuscate ; occipital 

spots less distinct .... A. unguicularis, Thoms. 

Roughly speaking, .4. rt/?t>zi,s- is a Scotch species ^n^l A. unguicidaris 
an English species. Mr. Balfour-Browne says that he has taken the 
latter not uncommonly in East Norfolk and near York, and the 



A. AFFINIS, Payk. 



HYDROPHTLID^. 28 

former fairly commonly in Dumfriesshire, Kirkcudbrightshire and 
Dumbartonshire, the only three counties in which he has done any 
extensive collecting. 

PLATAMBUS, Thomson. 
P. maculatus, var. immaculatus, Donisthorpe. (Ent. Record, 
xi. 1899, 160). This name must be substituted for the insects standing 
in our collections as var. jyidchelhis, Heer : Mr. Donisthorpe fully dis- 
cusses the question and the evidence he adduces appears conclusive. 
Agabus lyidchellus^ Heer is recorded in the Ent. Annual, 18.07, p. 69, 
as having been captured by G. Wailes near Loch Achray, on the north 
side of Loch Katrine, in September 1853. E. Newman records in the 
Zoologist, 1856, p. 5003, having received A. pulchellus from Mr, Wailes, 
and that he thought it was A. maculatus, but did not venture to differ 
from Wailes and Heer. He then goes on to say that the elytra are 
entirely dark and immaculate. Heer, however, in his description, 
expressly says " elytra margine maculisque pallidis." Dr. Sharp (Dytis- 
cidse, p. 549) says of P. maculatus that the smallest vars. come from 
Scotland, being dark and having the stri£e on the elytra deeper : this is 
evidently the form which Dr. Sharp had in his mind when he added 
var. pulc/ieUus to the 189.S Catalogue, but it is not Heer's insect, and 
Mr. Donisthorpe's name must stand. The insect has been taken at 
Braemar by Champion, as well as near Loch Katrine by Wailes and 
Hislop, Mr. Bagnall has taken it in the Derwent Valley, and Mr. 
Donisthorpe in the New Forest. 

HYDROPHILID^. 

HYDROBIUS, Leach. 
H. fuscipes, L., var. chalconotus, Steph. ID. Mand. ii. 128 
(1829) (= var. ceneiis, Sol., Ann. Soc. Eot. Fr., 1834, 314). This is the 
variety which I have before x-eferred to (Brit. Col, i. 222), as having the 
upper surface of a strongly metallic greenish or bluish colour : it may also 
be coppery, brassy, or violaceous : according to Stephens it is more closely 
punctured than the type form, and has the elytra more deeply striate ; 
the legs are more or less testaceous. It has been recorded as w«-. mneus, 
Sol., but Stephens' name has the priority and must stand. It has 
occurred in the London district, but is decidedly rare ; Suffolk 
(Morley) ; Barnes Common (E. C. Rye); Tottenham and Portsmouth 
(Donisthorpe and Pool) ; Sheppey and Woking (Walker). Stephens' 
records are ; Spitchweek, Devonshire (Leach) and Bottisham (Jenyns). 

PARACYMUS, Thomson, 
P. seneus, Germ., Ins. Spec. Nov. 1824, 96. Hydrophilus, Thorns, 
Skand. Col. ix. 120. We possess apparently two species of the genus 
Paracymus, in P. scutellaris, Ros. = P. iiigroceneits, Sahib., and P. cene^'s, 
Germ. The former is well known as a British insect, although it is one 
of the most local of our Hydrophilidse. The latter, however, although 



24 HYDROPHILID^. 

regarded as very likely to occur in Britain, has only comparatively 
recently been recorded by Mr. R. S. Mitford (Ent. Record xix. 1907, 
254) as having been taken on the North Essex coast by Mr. W. H. 
Harwood of Colchester. It may be distinguished from F. sciUellaris 
(nigroceneus) by being of a somewhat longer and narrower form, with 
the antennae, palpi and legs ferruginous or yellowish-red (in P. scutel- 
laris the antennse, palpi and legs are darker, and the last joint of the 
maxillax-y palpi is quite dark or only reddish at the base), and by having 
the intermediate tibite scarcely pubescent to the middle, whereas in 
F. scutellaris they are pubescent beyond the middle ; the mesosternum 
moreover presents points of difierence which are, however, hard to 
discriminate. F. (eneus is usually supposed to be the smaller of the two 
insects, but as a matter of fact it is, on the avei'age, rather the larger. 

The genus Faracymus is widely spread over the Palpearctic and 
Nearctic regions ; according to Ganglbauer the European species have 
the antennfe 0-jointed, whereas in the American species they are from 
7- to 9- jointed. 8harp (Ent. Mo. Mag. xxi. 112) is of opinion that F. 
nigi'oceneus and /''. ccneus may very likely have to be placed in separate 
genera, the former having nine joints to the autennte and the latter 
only eight, but he is not quite satisfied on this point, as the antennfe 
which he had mounted in balsam did not turn out very satisfactorily 
as a preparation. It appears, however, to be evident that the number 
of antennal joints do difier in the various species, and it is open to any 
author to form new genera if he considers this point of sufficient 
importance to outAveigh the similarity of the other characters. The 
genus is most closely allied to Anaccena, from which it may be separated 
by having the mesosteinum strongly carinate or cristate before the inter- 
mediate coxfe, and the posterior femora entirely glabrous and shining. 
The character which I have before given depending on the thorax 
being bordered or not bordered at base is by no means an evident one. 

ANAC^NA, Thomson. 

Mr. James Edwards, in an article on the British species of 
Anacfena (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlv. (2 Ser. xx.) 1909, 169), introduces A. ovata, 
Reiche as a separate species. A. ovata is only regarded as a synonym 
of A. limhata, F., by Ganglbauer (Kiif. Mittel Europ. iv. 240), and 
in the last E)iropean catalogue it is placed as one of ten or twelve 
synonyms of that variable species. 

Mr. Edwai'ds gives a table of our species, which we quote, adopting 
the arrangement we usually follow in our tables : 

I. Mesosternum simple. Insect broad-oval, very 

convex, pitch-black Avith the sides of the 

thorax and elytra conspicuously pale . .A, globulus, Payk. 

II. Mesosternum produced into a sharp triangular 

more or less backwardly-directed tooth in 
front of the middle coxae. 



HYDROPHILID^. 25 

i. Upper side pitch-black, the sides of the 

thorax very narrowly and the apex of the 

elytra paler. Sides of thorax strongly 

curved in the front half, nearly straight 

behind. Punctuation of elytra deeper 

than in A. ovata. Body in the lateral 

aspect higher in proportion to its length, 

the apical slope of the elytra consequently 

more steep ...... A. limbata, Fab. 

ii. Elytra yellow-brown or brownish-yellow : in 

life bearing a common oblong black spot 

just before the middle, and a narrow dark 

sutural stripe, but these markings are 

very fugitive and usually absent in speci- 
mens which have been long dead. Body 

in the lateral aspect not so high in pro- 
portion to its length, the apical slope of 

the elytra consequently less steep. 

1. Head black, sometimes with the free edges 

of the forehead narrowly yellow-red ; 
thorax piceous, with the sides broadly 
and suffusedly pale ; maxillary palpi 
with the last joint entirely pitch-black. 
Sides of thorax evenly and feebly curved 
throughout. Body in the lateral as- 
pect higher in proportion to its length 
than in A. bipitstulaia . , . .A. ovata, Eeiche. 

2, Head black, with a large triangular 

yellow- red spot on each side in front ; 
maxillary palpi with the last joint suf- 
fusedly red-yellow for a greater or 
lesser distance from the base ; thorax 
brownish -yellow, with three, usually con- 
tiguous, dusky spots, viz., a i-homboid 
one in the middle, and one on each side 
in the shape of a triangle, of which one 
point touches the base ; the situation 
of these markings gives the efiect of 
two pale triangles standing on the 
base of the thorax, one to the right 
and the other to the left of the 
scutellum ... A. bipustulata, Marsh, 

Dr. Sharp's A. variahilis (Ent. Mo. Mag. vi. 1870, 275) has been 
long dropped as being synonymous with A. limbata, and A. ovata seems 
to have no more claim to specific rank ; the characters above given for 
the species are often more or less variable. Mr. Edwards says that 



26 HYDROPHILID^. 

A. ovata is the commonest in his experience of all the species: Cum- 
berland (Day). 

LACCOBIUS, Erichson. 

A considerable amount of interest has been taken in this genus of 
recent years by British Coleopterists, and the result has been the addi- 
tion of three or four species to our lists, two at least of these being new 
to science ; probably more will have to be added. Confusion has been 
caused by the retention of Motschulsky's names : L. sinuatus, for 
instance, must drop ; Motschulsky described this species from examples 
from Carthagena, and the type is lost ; the insect standing under the 
name in our collections is L. ohlongus, Gorham ; whether this is syno- 
nymous with L. ohscuratus, Rey ., seems doubtful. L. regularis, Rey ., must 
be substituted for L. scutellaris, Mots. ; it does not even answer to 
Motschulsky's description and no type apparently is extant. 

A new character for the genus has been recently noticed by Dr. 
Sharp, viz. the presence of oval, or almost circular lens-like spaces or 
" goggles," on the front of the labrum ; in one or two cases they are very 
useful in the determination of species ; they are not invariably present, 
but sometimes, as in L. ytenensis, Sharp, are especially conspicuous. 

The following table will serve to distinguish our species as at present 
determined ; for part of it I am indebted to Mr. Newbex^y (Ent. Mo. 
Mag. xliv. (2 Ser. xix.) 1908, 30), and for part to Dr. Sharp. 

I. Thorax not alutaceous between the 
larger punctures, 
i. Under surface of the intermediate 
femora in the male with a spot of 
pubescence behind the apex of the 
trochanters. 
1. Size larger (3-4 mm.). 

A. Sides of thorax broadly tes- 
taceous ; elytra without cop- 
pery reflection . . . L. nigriceps, Thorns. 

B. Sides of thorax very narrowly 
testaceous ; elytra with a strong 

coppery reflection . . . L. purpurascens, Xeivhery. 
ii. Under surface of the intermediate 
femora in the male without a spot 
of pubescence^ 
A. Form shorter, sub-orbicular, 
or short oval. 
a. Rows of punctures on elytra 
not arranged in regular rows; 
male with the " goggles " on 
the front of the labrum large 
and conspicuous and sepa- 



HYDROPHILID^. 



27 



rated by a space less than 

the diameter of one of them 

h. Rows of punctures on the 

elytra regular ; male with 

the " goggles " on the front 

of the labrum distinctly 

smaller and more widely 

separated .... 

B. Form longer oblong ovate ; rows 

of punctures on the elytra more 

or less irregular; colour, as a 

rule, lighter .... 



IL 



2, Size smaller (2J-2| mm.) ; 
rows of pvinctures on elytra 
regular ; apex of elytra with 
two very distinct white spots 
(these are present, but never so 
well marked, in other species) . 

Thorax alutaceous between the larger 
punctures. 

i. Size larger {o^ mm.) ; punctuation 
of elytra more or less confused 

ii. Size smaller {2h mm.) ; punctua- 
tion of elytra regular . 



L, YTENENSis, Sharp. 



L. REGULARIS, Rey. 



L. OBLONGUS, Gorham. 
= OBSCURATUS, Bey., l. 

= SINlfATUS, Mots., L. 



L. BiGUTTATUS, Gerh. 
{bvpvnctatiis, Bedel, Tiec F. 



L. ALUTACEus, Tlioms. 

L. MIXUTUS, L. 



L. purpurascens, Newbery, Ent. Mo. Mag. xlix. (2 Ser. xix.) 
1908, 30. Smaller on the average than L. nigriceps, Thoms,, from which 
it may be distinguished by its very distinct colour ; the thorax and head 
are almost entirely brown-red, the side margins of the former being 
only narrowly testaceous, the testaceous colour being only narrowly and 
linearly continued towards the scutellum ; the whole insect has a more 
or less distinct and usually well-marked coppery-purple or coppery -green 
reflection, which is quite absent in the type form ; the " goggles " on 
the labrum are not large and somewhat distant, and are, perhaps, a 
little more marked than in L. nigriceps : they do not, however, differ 
very materially. L. 3-3^ mm. 

Taken in abundance by Mr. Philip de la Garde in May 1906, 
crowding in large numbers among the slimy ooze where water had 
trickled down the sandy cliffs on the north side of the River Teign at 
Shaldon, Devon ; Mr. Champion has taken it in the same locality, and 
Mr. Keys has found it near Plymouth. 

The species seems a little doubtful, and at first I preferred to follow 
the opinion of Captain Deville, that it is a new variety of L. nigriceps, 
analogous to a variety of L. ohlongus {sinuatus) which Rey has described 



28 HYDROPHILID^. 

as L. cupreus; it is, however, now appai^ently recognised as a good 
species by some authorities, and we therefore insert it as such. 

L. ytenensis. Sharp, Ent. Mo. Mag. xlvi, (2 Ser. xxi.) 1910, p. 250. 
Oval, rather narrow, acuminate behind, black, with the base of the 
antennse and the palpi yellow, t,he sides of the thorax rather narrowly 
testaceous, and the elytra more or less dark, with the margins and 
apex testaceous. The punctuation is close and distinct, but is not 
arranged in evident rows ; the legs are yellow, with the posterior femora as 
a rule, but not always, darker. Male with two lens-shaped shining spaces 
on the labrum of large size and almost circular form, separated from one 
another by a rather less space than the transverse diameter of one of 
the spaces ; the middle femora have no spot of pubescence. L. 3^-4 mm. 

New Forest in profusion in September (Sharp) ; Devonshire (de 
la Garde and Champion) ; Cornwall (Champion and Lamb ; the latter 
found one specimen at Padstow). The species varies considerably in the 
colour of the posterior femora, and to a certain extent in that of the 
elytra. Dr. Sharp places it between L. oblo7i g us, Gorh. and X. regularis, 
Rey., but it appears to be most closely allied to L. nigricejys, from which it 
difiiers in the size, shape and distance of the lens-shaped spaces on the 
labrum or "goggles" as Dr. Sharp calls them ; in L. 7iigriceps they are 
much smaller, less circular and further apart. Captain Deviile has sent 
us this species from Ponferrada. 

Ii. regularis, Rey. Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon. 1884, xxxi., 1885, 14, 
3^00. Very closely allied to L. oblongus, Gorham, but much darker in 
colour ; the dark colour of the thorax is more extensive and there is no 
pale mark on the side of the head ; the hind and middle femora are 
black, and the lines of black spots on the elytra are nearly confluent on 
the disc, which is sometimes entirely black ; the series of punctures on 
the elytra are coarser and more regular than in L. simiatus, and the 
punctures of the thorax are more numerous ; the shape is short oval. 
It is the darkest species of Laccohius in our lists, and may be known 
superficially by its colour and shape. L, 3-3^ mm. 

Chobham (Champion), Brockenhurst (Sharp), River Tavey, near 
Horrabridge, Devon, and Newbury (Tomlin). 

Dr. Sharp, who inti"oduces the species as British (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlv. 
(2 Ser. XX.), 1909, 217), is of opinion that Motshulsky's description is 
not drawn from this insect, although Kuwert and Ganglbauer apply the 
name thereto ; the beetle certainly does not agree with Motschulsky's 
very meagre account of it, and, as we have said above, no type 
apparently is in existence. 

L. oblongus, Gorham, Ent. Mo. Mag.xliii. (2 Ser, xviii.), 1907, 54, 
Allied to L. nigrlceps, Thoms., with which it agrees in colour, but 
easily distinguished by its distinctly longer oblong-ovate form ; the 
head is more finely alutaceous and the intermediate femora of the 
male have no spot of pubescence at the base ; the sculpture of the 
elytra appears to be stronger, but this may be variable ; it is irregular, 
but less so than in L. nigrlceps. L. 3-3^ mm. 



HYDROPHILID^. 29 

Not a common species. Lundy Island (Joy and Tomlin); Cambridge 
(Gorham) ; North Wales (W. E. Sharp). This species is not mentioned 
in the catalogue of Heyden, Reitter, and Weise, 1906. 

The synonymy of L. sinuatus, Mots., is there given as follows : 

L. sinuatus, Mots, 
minor, Rott. 
albescens, Rott. 
neapolitanus, Rott. 
obscuratus. Rey. 
subregulari?, Rey. 

It is certainly not the L. sinuatus of Motschulsky, but whether it 
may be one of the species here given as synonyms I am not prepared 
to say. 

LIMNEBIUS, Leach. 

Mr. F, Balfour Browne has kindly sent me the following note as to 
the distinctive characters of L. truncatellus, Thunb., and L. papposus, 
Muls., which have always been a crux to Coleopterists. " The males," 
he says, " are, of course, easily separated by the form of the maxillary 
palpi, ifec, but there is an excellent character in the mesosternal process 
(projecting between the coxae and the second pair of legs), which is 
broad in L. tnmcatellus and narrow in L. ^japposus in both sexes." 

HELOPHORUS, Fabricius. 
Mr. James Edwards (Ent. Mo. Mag. xliv., Ser. 2, xix. (1908) 218) 
gives a valuable table for distinguishing the British species of this 
difficult genus. I feel considerable doubt as to the specific value of 
certain of the species (e.g., ff. cequalis, Thoms., II. crenatus, Rey., and H. 
strigifrons, Thoms.), but much remains yet to be cleared up with 
regard to the genus, and I therefore give the table practically as 
published, with one or two alterations.* 

I. Elytra with a scutellary stria, 
i. Elytra black ; 3rd, 5th, and 7th interstices 

tubercalate ...... H. tuberculatus, Gyll. 

ii. Interstices not tuberculate. 
1. Alternate interstices of elytra cariniform 
and setose. 

A. Humeral angles of elytra almost acute H. rufipes, Bosc. 

(rugosus, 01.) 

B. Humeral angles of elytra rounded off. 
a. Intermediate farrows on the thorax 

angulated near the middle . . H. porculus, Bedel. 

* Mr. Edwards' table is numbered at the sides and does not fit at the end : it 
should be 19 (84) and 20 (31) instead of 19 (31) and 20 (34). I have translated the 
whole into the straightforward table which I always use, ns it always appears to 
me to be so much simpler and easier to work from. — W. W. F. 



30 



HYDROPHILID^. 



b. Intermediate furrows on the thorax 
nearly as straight as the dorsal one . 
2. Alternate interstices of elytra not cari- 
niform and setose. 

A. Last joint of maxillary palpi sym- 
metrically fusiform. Eleventh elytral 
interstice not cariniform 

B. Last joint of maxillary palpi more 
convex on the outer than on the inner 
side, the latter neai-ly straight. Eleventh 
elytral interstice cariniform. 

a. Joints 2-4 of the hind tai'si succes- 
sively deci'easing in length, the second 
hardly IJ times as long as the third. 
Hind margin of the last ventral seg- 
ment evidently denticulate . 

b. Second joint of the hind tarsi more 
than 1^ times as long as the third, the 
latter a little longer than the foui'th. 
Hind margin of the last ventral segment 
nearly entire ..... 

IT. Elytra without a scutellary stria, 
i. Last joint of maxillary palpi symmetric- 
ally fusiform. 

1. Thorax coarsely granulate throughout, 
its sides strongly rounded before the 
middle, the subsequent narrowing ex- 
cavate ....... 

2. Thorax coarsely granulate at the sides 
only, which are moderately rounded 
before the middle with the subsequent 
narrowing straight .... 

ii. Last joint of the maxillary palpi more 
convex on the outer than the inner side, 
the latter nearly straight. 
1. Thorax widest before the middle. 
A. The longitudinal furrow on the head 
widened in front, 
a. Elytra dark brown with an oblique 
suffused patch on the basal third, 
another near the middle of the outer 
margin, and a sharply-defined roundish 
spot near the apical fifth next the 
suture, on each, yellow 



H. NUBILUS, Fah. 



H. INTERMEDIUS, Muls. 

(alternans, Gene.) 



H. AQUATICUS, L. 



H. AQUATICUS, VAR. 

.EQUALis, Thorns. 



H. ARVERNICUS, Muls. 



H, BREviPALPis, Bedel, 



H.QUADRISIGNATUS, Bach, 

{dorsalis, Brit. Cat.) 



HYDROPHILID.^. 



31 



b. Elytra without the markings of 

H. quadrisignatus. 
a*. Sides of thorax evidently conver- 
gent in front as well as behind. 
af. Thorax at the base twice as wide 
as its length down the middle, much 
narrowed behind. Elytra brown - 
bronze, or at least with a bronze 
reflection, the fine punctuation on 
the interstices in the scutellar 
region irregular or in double rows . 

bf. Thorax at the base 1^ times as 
wide as its length down the middle, 
but little nai'rowed behind. Elytra 
without bronze reflection, the 
punctures in the interstices in 
the scutellar region in a single row 

b*. Sides of thorax not evidently con- 
vergent in front, contracted from the 
apex to the base in a nearly straight 
line. 
at. Elytral interstices usually quite 
flat, nearly three times as wide as the 
length of the section of stria between 
each puncture. The rows of inter- 
stitial punctui'es relatively more 
evident than in the two following 
species by reason of the compara- 
tively smaller size of the punctures 
in the strije. Disc of thorax simply 
pvinctured ..... 
bt. Elytral interstices usually dis- 
tinctly convex, less than twice as 
wide as the section of stria between 
each puncture. Punctuation of disc 
of thorax areolate, i.e. the punctures 
placed singly in the meshes of an 
impressed irregular reticulation, 
aj. Elytra, in the lateral aspect, 
resembling those of H. brevipalpis; 
compared with If. granularis, longer 
in proportion to their height, the 
slope of their apical third very 
gradual. Flattened part of sides 
of thorax broad .... 



H. viRiDicoLLis, Steph. 
{ceneipennis, Thorns.) 



H. DORSALis, Marsh, nee 
Brit. Cat. {mtdsanti, Rye) 



H, AFFiNis, Marsh. 



H. GRiSEUS, Berbst. 



32 



HYDROPHILID^. 



b|. Elytra, in the lateral aspect, 
shorter in proportion to their 
height than in II. hrevijml'pis and 
H. griseus, the slope of their apical 
third distinctly more abrupt. 
Flattened part of sides of thorax 
very narrow .... 

B. The longitudinal furrow on the head 
not widened in front. 

a. Granulation of thorax about equally 
strong throughout. Elytra, in the 
lateral aspect, distinctly longer in pro- 
portion to their height than in H. 
viridicollis, the apical slope more 
gradual ...... 

b. Granulation of thorax somewhat 
more feeble on the disc than at the 
sides. Elytra, in the lateral aspect, 
distinctly shorter in proportion to 
their height than in H. viridicollis, 
the apical slope more abrupt . 

2. Thorax widest in the middle. 

A. Sides of thorax strongly granulate ; 
size larger ...... 

B. Thorax smooth and shining, at most 
feebly granulate at the sides 



H. GRANULARIS, L. 

{brevicollis. Thorns.) 



H. CRENATUS, Eeij. 



H. STRiGiFRONS, Thoms. 



H. LATicoLLis, Thorns. 



H. NANUS, Sturm. 



H. porculus, Bedel, Faun. Col. du Bassin de la Seine, i. 298. 
Convex, rather broad, scarcely pubescent, testaceous or rufo-testaceous 
above, with the elytra paler, variegated with black, under side fuscous ; 
antennae, palpi and legs entirely red ; head with the eyes arcuate in 
front ; thorax transverse, granulate, anterior angles obtuse, very little 
produced, with the central intervals rather flat, and angularly dilated 
in the middle, and the lateral ones divided ; elytra strongly punctate- 
striate, with the scutellar series distinct ; the alternate intervals are 
costate and entire (except the small scutellary costa) ; metasternum 
with scattered piligerous punctures, not carinate between the coxse. 
L. 4^-5 mm. 

First recorded from Scotland by M. Javet (Bedel. Faun. Seine, i. 
322), and lately discovered by Mr. Newbery mixed with H. rugosus in 
Dr. Power's collection from Balmuto, Moss Morran, Cowley and Esher, 
and also in his own collection from Merton, Surrey ; Commander 
Walker has recently found it near Oxford, and it has also occurred in 
Norfolk ; Mr. Donisthorpe has taken it in the Isle of Wight, and 
Dr. Joy at Bradfield, the Scilly Islands, and Garve, N.B. ; it is 
probably common and mixed with H. rugosus in many of our collections. 



HYDROPHILID.^. 33 

From H. rugosus, 01. (for which we ought perhaps to substitute the 
name H. rufipes, Bosc.) the species may be known by its average smaller 
size, flatter dorsal costse of the thorax, and the fact that the elytra are 
not sinuate near the base and have the humeral angles rounded, 
whereas in H. rugosus the elytra are sinuate before the base, and the 
humeral angle is turned outwards forming a distinct tooth; from 
H. oiubilus, it is distinguished by its larger size, somewhat irregular 
dorsal costse of the thorax, and the much more elongate second joint of 
the maxillaiy palpi. The species, in fact, has longer and more slender 
maxillary palpi than any of our other Helophori (v. Ent. Mo. Mag. 
xliv. (2 Ser. xix.), 1908, 88). 

H. sequalis, Th., has always appeared to me to be a variety of 
H. aquaticus, and is so regarded in the last European Catalogue. 
H.crenatus ha.s only apparently been recorded as British by M. Pandelle 
and has not been confirmed. Our information with regard to 
ff. strigifrons rests where Blackburn left it in 1876, as Mr. Edwards 
points out, and I have not seen any British example of the species. 

H. viridicoUis, Steph. ( = (cneipennis, Brit, Col.) is a very variable 
insect, and in the European Catalogue has no less than twelve synonyms 
under it, apart from three varieties, H. planicoUis, Thoms., is regarded 
as a synonym, as well as //. obscurus, Rey. 

Since I wrote the above, Mr. F. Balfour-Browne has sent me the 
following note : " I do not consider cequalis a good species, nor, in my 
opinion, is strigifrons distinct from the very variable (eneij)ennis. 
H. affinis and griseus are varieties of a single species, but II. brevicollis, 
Thoms. (granular is, L., ?) is distinct. I have taken the latter lately 
in Donegal West (Dunfanaghy), Co. Down, Mayo W., and recently 
in numbei's in Co. Antr-im in one pool. There is a single specimen in 
the Chitty collection at Oxford. Otherwise I have not seen British 
specimens." 

H. viridicoUis, Steph., 111. Br., ii. 29 (= mieipennis, Thoms. = 
obscurus, Rey.), var. shetlandicus, Kuw. Ver des Natur. Yer. in 
Briinn, xxviii. p. 227. This variety, from the Shetland Isles, has the 
elytra black, shining and metallic ; it is evidently one of the melanic 
forms of insects which are found in northern localities [v. Donisthorpe, 
Ent. Record xi., 1899, 184), 

This variety appears in the last European Catalogue, but is not 
mentioned by Ganglbauer. 

H. brevipalpis, Bedel, Faune. Col. Bass. Seine, 1881, 301, 323, 
var. bulbipalpis, Kuw., I.e. p. 196. This variety, also from the 
Shetland Isles, has the last joints of the palpi so strongly thickened 
that they almost appear to be deformed. 

In the Entomologist's Record, xi. 1899, 184, Mr. Donisthorpe 
recorded this insect as a variety of //. griseus, and as such it was described 
by Kiiwert, but it seems best to assign it to II. brevipalpis, Bedel. In 
the last European Catalogue it appears merely as a synonym of //. 
hrevi'jKiljAs, but Ganglbauer i-egards it as a variety of that species. 

c 



84 HYDKOPHILID^. 

HYDROCHUS, Leach. 

H. nitidicollis, Mvals., Palpic, 1844, 49. Ganglbauer, Kafer. von. 
Mitteleuiopa, iv. 179: "In general shape like H. carinatus, Germ., 
from which it may be known by the not, or only slightly, raised 
third interstices of the elytra, and the less deep and more closely set 
punctures of the elytral strise ; the colour is variable, being black or 
bronze, or with the pronotum metallic blue-green or green, and the 
elytra violaceous or with a purple reflection ; antennae rust-red with the 
club dark ; palpi yellow with a black tip to the last joint, or quite dark ; 
legs yellow-red or brown-red, with the knees and the tips of the tarsal 
claws, or the whole femora and tarsi black. Head and thoi-ax less 
deeply and closely punctvired than in H. carinatus. Thorax about as 
broad as the head and about as long as broad, narrowed behind, with 
rather deep impressions. Elytra much less elongate than in H. angtistatus, 
but with similar coarsely punctured strife, with the third interstice not 
or scarcely, and the fifth, seventh and ninth interstices plainly raised 
in blunt keels, the keel of the seventh usually interrupted by an 
impression." L. 2^-2J mm. 

In running water. River Meavy, Yelverton, Devon (Donisthorpe 
and Keys). Introduced by Mr. Donisthorpe (Ent. Record, 1906, 
p. 133). Subsequently taken by Mr. de la Garde in other parts of 
Devonshire. Our other four species are usually found in stagnant 
pools or ponds. The species also occurs in Central and Southern 
France. 

OCHTHEBIUS, Leach. 

O. lejolisi, Muls. et Rey., Mem. 8oc. Cherbourg., viii. 1861, 
p. 431, Elongate, dull bronze or black-bronze; head rather long, 
somewhat shiny in front, with two deep impressions at base, eyes 
prominent, penultimate joint of the maxillary palpi strongly inflated : 
pronotum almost as long as broad, closely punctured, with the sides 
moderately rounded, with a shallow ti'ansverse impression in front, a 
centi'al furrow and an oblique furrow on each side meeting at the base 
of this, and forming a rough figure of the government broad arrow in 
well marked specimens ; the character, however, is somewhat variable ; 
elytra long and narrow, not strongly rounded at the sides, distinctly 
punctate-striate, with the lateral margins serrate ; legs dull red or 
ferruginous. L. 1| mm. 

Ilfracombe, Devon : taken by Mr. W. H. Bennett in June 1895, 
and introduced by him as British (Ent. Mo. Mag.xxxi. (2 Ser. vi.) 181); 
Bedel (Faun. Col. du Bassin de la Seine, i. p. 317) says that it is found 
in France " in small pools of salt water on rocks on the coast, rare." It 
has been recorded from Cherbourg, the coast of Provence, and doubt- 
fully from Algeria. Mr. Bennett found it in some numbers in small 
pools of very stale and putrid sea- water just above high-water mark at 
the base of the cliffs, but not beyond the reach of the spring tides. 
They were confined to a very limited area. 



HYDROPHILID.^. 35 

Since the above was written the insect has been found in tlie 
following localities : Greystones, Co. Wicklow (Carpenter) ; Dalkey, Co. 
Dublin (Halbert) ; Dunfanaghy and Bunbeg, Co. Donegal, Bangor, Co. 
Down, and Larne, Co. Antrim, and Douglas Hall, Kirkcudbiightshire 
(F. Balfour- Browne) ; Llanstephen, Carmarthenshire (Kidson Taylor); 
Rame Head, Plymouth district (Keys) ; Falmouth, Gerrans Bay, Corn- 
wall, and St. Mary's, Scilly Isles (Champion) ; IST. Somerset ; Seaview, 
Isle of Wight (Dollman and Donisthorpe) ; Saunton and Croyde, 
Devon (Champion). 

Mr. E. A. Newbery (Ent. Mo. Mag. xliii. (2 Ser. xviii.) 1907, 173) 
introduces 0. vii'idis, Peyron (Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1858, 404) as new 
to Britain, the only difference apparently between this insect and 
0. margvpallens, Latr. (Gen. i. 70) being that the latter has the 
metasternum entirely dull and alutaceous whereas in 0. virklis it is 
smooth and shining in the middle. There is considerable doubt with 
regard to the synonymy of 0. m.argipallens ; the insect so named by 
some of the older writers (Marsham, Sturm, <tc.) appears to be synony- 
mous with 0. marinus, while the 0. viridis of Peyron seems to be one 
of the varieties of 0. margipaUens, Muls. (Palpic. 5-8). Ganglbauer 
(Die Kjifer von Mitteleurop, 193-194) leaves out 0. margipaUens alto- 
gether, and places part of the insects so named under 0. ma7-inus and 
part under 0. viridis. - It does not seem quite evident why Latreille's 
name should be sunk, unless it be to avoid confusion, and, at all events, 
there does not seem at present to be sufficient reason to consider that 
0. viridis and 0. margipaUens are distinct species. 



HYDR^NA, Kugelann. 
H. britteni, Joy (Ent. Mo. Mag. xliii. (2 Ser. xviii.) 1907, 
79). Rather elongate, pitchy or reddish-brown, with head pitchy- 
black ; head shining, somewhat diffusely and strongly punctured ; 
antennfB reddish-testaceous, club darker ; maxillary palpi reddish- 
testaceous, tips of the last joint black, differing in the sexes ; in the 
male the first and second joints are swollen at the apex, the third 
arcuate, gradually broader for three-quarters of its length and then 
abruptly cone-shaped to the tip, having a small smooth tubercle on the 
inner or convex side at the junction of these two parts ; in the female 
all the joints are simple, the last rather short, narrow, and broader in 
the middle ; thorax transverse, somewhat obsoletely impressed at sides 
and base, disc shining and diffusely punctured, punctuation thick 
near the margins ; sides of thorax dilated in middle in a rounded 
obtuse angle, contracted in a straight line to base, posterior angles 
distinct, but obtuse, opposite 8th or 9th row of punctures on elytra ; 
elytra subparallel, not dilated behind, broadest about middle, with nine 
or ten rows of closely-set square punctures between the svature and 
humeral angle, sutural angles separately rounded ; legs reddish- 
testaceous. L. 14-2 mm. 



36 HYDROPHILID^. 

Newton Moss and Edenhall, Cumberland (Britten); S. Brent (de 
le Garde); Ranworth, Norfolk (Champion); Ballycastle (Tomlin) ; 
Mullimore, Co. Armagh (Johnson) ; Ayrshire and Renfrewshire, 
Kirkcudbright and Wigtown (F. Balfour-Browne). Probably not 
uncommon in various localities in England and Ireland. H. hritteni 
is most closely allied to H. ripca^ia, Kug., but difiers from it in 
being smaller and not quite so parallel, and in the structure of 
the maxillary palpi of the male, the last joints of which are more 
arcuate, and the penultimate joint is more dilated at apex ; the thorax 
moreover is less strongly and evenly punctured, and the sides are not so 
distinctly angled in the middle, and are less strongly contracted behind ; 
in the female the last joint is proportionally shorter than in II. rijiciria. 

From //. nigrita, Ger., which it resembles in size, the species may be 
known by its more parallel form, lighter colour, and the less strongly 
and more difiusely punctured thorax, which is much less strongly 
contracted behind : the curved last joint of the maxillary palpi of the 
male will further suffice to distinguish it. 

Dr. Joy says that Ganglbauer, who at first could not identify this 
species, afterwards sent him specimens of //. morio, Kies (a species 
occurring in Eastern Europe) and suggested that //. hritteni might be 
identical with it. H. morio certainly has the last joint of the maxillary 
palpi arcuate, but is somewhat larger, and has the thorax more strongly 
narrowed behind and the posterior angles right-angles and not obtuse. 

H. longior. Rev. Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, Ann. 1884, xxxi., 1885, 
29; Ann. 1885, xxxii., 188(5, 91. Very closely allied to //. angustata, 
Sturm, but easily distinguished by its longer and more parallel form, 
and by having the thorax very distinctly and .sharply angled at the 
sides in the middle ; the foiehead and thorax are, moreover, more 
strongly and thickly punctured ; the species may at once be known by 
the formation of the posterior tibia? in the male, which are dilated on 
their inner side a little before apex, the dilatation being furnished with 
three small teeth ; between the dilatation and apex they are again 
narrowed and furnished sparingly with short ciliate hairs which are 
easily rubbed ofl". L. 2-2^^ mm. 

I have taken the species in abundance near Brockenhurst with Dr. 
Sharp ; it has also been found by Mr. de la Garde at Christow, near 
Exeter, and Dr. Power's specimens, standing under //. augttstata, from 
Polmont, Glasgow, must, according to Mr. Newbeiy% be referred to it : 
it is evidently very widely distributed, and probably common. 

SPH^RIDIUM, Fabricius. 

S. scarabseoides, L., Syst. Nat. x. 25, var. lunatum, Fab., Ent. 
Syst, i. 78. This variety has no red markings at the shoulders, 
the elytra being black, with the exception of the bioadly testaceous 
apex. 

Recorded by Mr. Donisthorpe in the Irish Naturalist for 1903, p. 61, 
from the sand-hills at Rosbeigb, Co. Kerry. 



STAPH YLINID^. §,7 

CERCYON, Leach. 

C. littoralis, Gyll. Ins. Snec. i. Ill, var. binotatum, Steph., 
111. Bv. ii. 137. Johnson and Halbert., List of the Beetles of Ireland, 
1902, 615. This variety is very marked, the elytra being yellow, with 
a black spot on the posterior thii'd close to the suture. It occurs in 
many Irish localities: Coasts of Donegal, Sligo (abundant). Mayo 
(Achill), Galway and Meath (Laytown). Stephens records it from 
Barham, SufTolk, and South Creak, Norfolk. Not uncommon in the 
li^le of Wight, Ventnor, Bembridge, &c. (Donisthorpe). 

C. bifenestratus, Kust., Kaf. Eur. 56, 14 (1848) ; ( = C. palustris. 
Thorns. V. A. 1853, 55). This species was introduced as British by 
Mr. E. A. Newbery (Ent. Record xi. 265) on specimens taken by himself 
" in the broad ditch near Sandown Castle, Deal," in July 1896. It is so 
nearly allied in appearance to C. 7narintis, Thorns, (which name must be 
substituted for the C. aquaticus of our collections) that it has probably 
for this reason escaped notice as Bi^itish. Bedel (Faun. Col. du. Bass, 
de la Seine, i. p, 338) separates it as follows : 

Mesosternum narrow. Body more oval. Apical spot of the elytra 
more reduced inwardly, but mounting laterally up to near the 
shoulders. — marmus. Thorns, {aquaticus, Brit. Colls.). 

Mesosternum oval; Body more thick-set. Apical spot larger 
inwardly, but only mounting externally vip to the level of the 
metasternum. — bifenestratus, Kust. [palustris, Thoms.). 

Thomson in describing C. marimis {I.e. p. 54) speaks of the 
mesosternum as " lanceolate-linear," and contrasts with it C. jxdtcstris 
{ = bifenestratus) as having the mesosternum broader and oval ; such 
being the case Kiiwert (Fauna Baltica, 1890, p. 112) seems quite 
justified in placing it in another sub-genus, Ejncercyon, which might 
perhaps be given generic rank, as the characters of the mesosternum 
are the most important in this group. Those of Cercyon, Megastermim, 
and Cryptojileuriim will be found figured in the last plate of vol. i. of 
the larger edition of my British Coleoptera, Colour differences are 
usually worth very little consideration in the genus Cercyon except in 
two or three well-marked species. 



STAPHYLINID^. 

ALEOCHARA, Gravenhorst. 
A. (Polychara) discipennis, Muls. et Rey. Opusc. Ent. ii. 
1853, 61. Shining black, elytra red with a common black sutural 
stripe and blackish sides, legs brown with reddish tarsi ; head finely 
and diffusely punctured ; antennse only moderately thickened, the fifth 
and following joints hardly increasing in breadth, slightly broader than 
long, and the penultimate joint at most one and a half times as broad as 
long ; thorax transverse, strongly rounded at the sides, a little more 



38 STAPHYLINID^. 

narrowed in front than behind, rather finely and thickly pnnctured 
and with rather long and thick pubescence ; elytra as long as the 
thorax, somewhat coarsely punctured ; hind body with the front dorsal 
segments moderately strongly and thickly punctured, more strongly 
and diffusely punctured behind ; male with the eighth dorsal segment 
sharply toothed on its hind margin. L. 5|-6 mm. 

An immature specimen was taken by Commander J. J. Walker in 
sheep-dung at Queendown Warren, Chatham, and a specimen was found 
before this among Dr. Capron's insects by Mr. Champion ; most of his 
captures were from Shiere, Surrey, but no locality was attached to this 
specimen. 

Mr. Champion, in introducing the insect (Ent. Mo. Mag. xliii. (2 
Ser. xviii.) p. 102), says that "A. discipennis may be briefly described 
as a small A . fuscijjes, with the antennae formed much as in ^. lanuginosa. 
The elytra are shorter than the prothorax, rufescent, with the sutural 
region and the sides inf uscate, much as in Oxj/poda lividipeniiis and its 
allies. The hind body is somewhat densely punctured towards the 
base and more sparsely towards the apex, a character separating 
A. discipennis from all the forms of A. succicola. The elytral punctua- 
tion is finer and denser than in A. lanuginosa. A. discij^ennis is found 
in France, the Alps, the Pyrenee?, Tyrol, &c., and is apparently not 
rare. I have recorded it from Moncayo, North Spain." Ganglbauer 
records the species as rare, and as occurring in France, Switzerland, the 
Tyrol and the Caucasus. 

A. brevipennis, Gr,, var. curta. Sahib. {= fumata, 'Er., nee Gr.). 
In vol. ii. p. IJr, this form is referred to as fu/tnata, Gr., in error, as 
A. onycetopkaga, Kr., is a synonym of fumata, Gr. It should be 
fumata, Er., which is a synonym for the var. c^irta. Sahib., of hrevi-jiennis, 
Gr. Dr. Nicholson, who has pointed this out to us, has recently taken 
this form in Epping Forest. 

A. (Polychara) crassiuscula, Sahib., Ins. Fenn. i. 396. Sub- 
elongate, somewhat broad, sub-parallel, moderately convex, finely and 
■densely pubescent, the pubescence being wholly decumbent ; black, 
moderately shiny, with the elytra yellowish-i'ed or testaceous, with a 
common, more or less distinct, dark triangular patch at the base of the 
suture, and with the sides also darker, mouth, base of the antennse and 
legs rufo-piceous, the knees and tarsi paler ; antennfe distinctly thickened 
with the second and third joints about equal and the fourth distinctly 
smaller than the fifth ; thorax large, moderately transverse, narrowed 
in front, finely punctured ; elytra distinctly shorter and almost narrower 
than thorax, finely, but distinctly and somewhat roughly punctured, 
somewhat broadly rounded at their posterior external angles. Hind 
body rather long, sub-parallel, uniformly, distinctly, and thickly 
punctured to apex. 

Male with the sixth abdominal segment sub-sinuously or simply 
truncate, and very finely and obsoletely crenulate along the apical 
margin. Sixth ventral segment sinuate on the sides and sub-acutely 



STAPHYLINID^. 89 

prolonged in the middle, somewhat thickly sinuate along the posterior 
margin. L. 4-5J mm. 

Taken by Mr. West on the Denes at Great Yarmouth, under dung, 
in May 1908, and in October and November 1908 at Levvisham, by 
Mr. Hereward Dollman at Hanwell, and also by Commander J. J. 
Walker at Oxford. It is pi'obably widely distributed, although it is 
commoner in the south of Europe than further north. The elytra vary 
in colour, being sometimes almost entii-ely testaceous, and sometimes 
more or less strongly infuscate at the suture and the sides. Mr. 
Champion, who introduced the species as British (Ent. Mo. Mag. xliv. (2 
Ser. xix.) 194), points out that the very densely punctured hind body 
and the colouration of the elytra renders it easy of recognition ; these 
characters will separate it from A. tristis, Grav., to which species it is 
most closely allied. There is some confusion as to the name of this 
species ; in the last edition of Reitter's Catalogue its name is given as 
A. moesta, while the well-known A. mossta of our British lists takes 
the name of A. sparsa, Heer. ( = stcccicola, Thorns.). As, however, Gaugl- 
bauer adopts the name of A. crassiicscula (Die Kafer von Mitteleuropa, 
ii. 34), and the species lias been introduced into our lists under this 
name, it is best to retain it. Perpetual confusion is being caused by 
this alteration of long-established names on very slight grounds. 

A. (Baryodma) .succicola, Thoms., Skand. Col. ix., p. 216. 
Mi'. Champion, in introducing this species as British (Ent. Mo. 
Mag. xxxiii. (2 Ser. viii.) 97), writes as follows : 

"Under the name A. jncesta, Grav., two species are confused in 
British collections. One of them is common and widely distributed ; 
this is the ^4. succicola, Thoms., not hitherto recorded from Britain ; 
the other, the true A. mcesta, Grav., appears to be very much rarer, and 
of the thirty specimens representing A. moesta in my collection, two 
only are referable to it (from the London district and the Isle of 
Sheppey respectively), all the others belong to A. succicola.'^ Dr. Sharp, 
at Mr. Champion's request, examined his British exponents of ^1 . moesta, 
and found that all were A. succicola, except one from Glasgow. Mr, 
Champion gives the following characters for distinguishing the species : 

Maxillary palpi with the third joint long and 
gradually widening outwards (subg. Polychaixi, 
Muls. and Hey.) ; head and thorax coarsely 
punctate ; hind body very sparsely punctate . A. mcesta, Grat 

Maxillary palpi with the tliird joint shorter 
and sub-triangularly dilated (subg. Homceochara, 
Muls. and Rey.); head and thorax finely 
punctate ; hind body still more sparsely punc- 
tate, appearing almost impunctate . . .A. succicola, Thoms. 

The size varies very much, as also does the colour, specimens 
occurring with reddish elytra or antennae. Thomson gives no size ; 
Mulsant and Rey give If lines. 



40 STAPH YLINIDiE. 

There is considerable confusion as to the synonymy of this species ; 
according to Thomson A. mcesta, Grav., is synonymous with A. sparsa, 
Heer. ; but according to Ganglbauer (Die Kiifer von Mitteleuropa, ii. 
p. 38, 41), the latter species is synonymous with A. succicola, Thorns. ; if 
the latter is right, Heer's name must have the priority. 

EXALEOCHARA, Keys, Nov. gen. 
This genus has been formed by Mr. J. H. Keys ( Ent. Mo. Mag. xliii. 
(2 Ser. xviii.), p. 102), for the reception of the small Staphylinid hitherto 
known as Aleochara morion, Grav. {BaTyodtaa 'morion, Muls. et Rey.) ; 
this insect possesses tarsi with 4.5.5 joints, whereas the Aleochai'ina have 
all the tar.si five-jointed ; at first sight therefore it ought to be trans- 
ferred to the jMyrmedoniina, but it possesses the small accessory joint 
of the palpi which is characteristic of the genus Aleochara, and is 
therefore intermediate between the two tribes and aflbrds another 
proof of the impossibility of obtaining really reliable characters for 
classification in large series ; in spite of the accessory joint of the palpi, 
we should be inclined to place it under the Myrmedoniina, for we are 
of opinion that the tarsal formula is the more important character. 

OXYPODA, Mannerheim. 

OxyjMcla metatarsal is, Thoms. (Skand Col. ix. 246, 1807), intro- 
duced by the Rev. H. S. Gorham as British (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlii. (2 Ser. 
xviii.) 53) on some examples taken at Mathon, near Malvern, by himself 
and Mr. Tomlin, is synonymous with 0. longij^es, Muls, et Rey., Opusc. 
Ent. xii. (18(51) 102, 234, which has been included for a very long time 
in our lists on the strength of a single specimen taken at Aberlady, in 
the Forth district of Scotland, by Dr. Sharp. It has turned up in 
several localities in various parts of the kingdom in moles' nests, and 
seems fairly common near Oxford. I am indebted to Mr. Collins, of 
the University Museum, for several specimens. The species is most 
closely allied to 0. vittata, Maerk, from which it difl'ers in having the 
second joint of the posterior tarsi longer in pi'oportion to the first, the 
antennae longer and thinner, and the legs more infuscate (in 0. vittata 
they are clear yellow). The colour of the elytra, as a rule, appears 
to be more sharply defined. 

O. perplexa, Muls. et Rey., Ann. Soc. Linn., Lyon, vii. 18G0, 
359 ; Opusc. Ent. xii. 1861, 106. Reddish-brown, very finely and 
thickly pubescent, slightly shiny, with the head and the middle seg- 
ments of the abdomen black, the mouth parts reddish-yellow, and the 
legs ferruginous ; antennae slightly thickened towards the apex, third 
joint somewhat shorter than second, fourth to tenth each a little thicker, 
sixth to tenth slightly transverse. Thorax transverse, strongly narrowed 
in front, with bluntly rounded posterior angles, finely and thickly 
punctured ; elytra somewhat longer than thorax, plainly emaiginate 
on their hind edge before the exterior angles, very thickly and some- 



STAPHYLINID^. 41 

what rugosely punctured ; hind body very finely and thickly punctured 
to apex, with very fine greyish pubescence. First joint of the hind 
tarsi as long as the three following taken together. L. 3 mm. 

In rabbit burrows and sandpits, Streatley, Berks, and Cornwall (Joy). 
Dr Joy in introducing this species (Ent. Mo. Mag. xliv. (2 Ser. xix. ) 
1908, 52) compares it with 0. exoleta, Er., which it appears to 
resemble more closely than any other of the known British species. 
It diflers from this species in being distinctly larger, with the 
sculpture of the elytra stronger, the thorax more ample and the 
elytra slightly shorter in proportion to the thorax ; the antennte are ' 
less strongly and more gradually thickened ; the second and third 
joints are much more slender, and the third is longer in proportion 
to the second. Mr. Champion gives as other localities, Shirley, 
Surrey, Gravesend, Sheerness and Weymouth ; Stoke Edith Park, 
Herefordshire (Tomlin). 

Since the above was written a specimen of an insect previously named 
O. p»r2)lexa, Rey. by Captain Deville, has been identified by Dr. Sharp 
as his 0. verecunda. There appears to be considerable difliculty Avith 
regard to the synonymy of 0. exoleta and its allies, and they seem in 
some cases to have been confused by authors. Mr. Newbery (Ent. Mo. 
Mag. 1910, 230) has a note on the species, which states, but does not 
clear up the confusion;, this cannot be done without the examination 
of further specimens. 

O. sericea, Heer. Faun. Col. Helv. i. 321, 10; Fairm. et Lab., 
Faun. Ent. Fr., i. 432, 5, nee Boisd. et Lac. Rather elongate, fusiform, 
slightly convex, very finely and thickly pubescent, black or fuscous 
black, slightly shining, mouth parts and legs dark testaceous ; head 
finely and thickly punctui-ed ; antennae scarcely as long as the head and 
thorax together, slightly and gradually thickened, with the third joint 
shorter than the second, and the sixth to the tenth strongly transverse ; 
thorax rather strongly transverse, narrowed in front, slightly rounded 
at the sides, as broad behind as the elytra, with the posterior angles 
obtuse but not rounded, obsoletely foveolate towards the base, and with 
an obsolete central channel, finely and very thickly punctured. Elyti^a 
somewhat transverse, plainly longer than the thorax, finely, very 
thickly and subrugosely punctured. Hind body distinctly narrowed 
and slightly setose towards apex, very finely shagreened ; posterior 
tarsi with the first joint equal in length to the two following taken 
together ; the apex of the abdomen and the base of the abdominal 
segments are reddish-brown. Male with the last ventral segment 
angularly prolonged at apex. Female with the last ventral segment 
obtusely rounded at apex. L. 2 mm. 

Dulwich Wood : introduced by Mr. H. Donisthorpe on a single 
specimen taken by him on June 17, 1904, and recorded in the Ento- 
mologist's Eecoi'd, xvii. 67. Woking, Guildford, Frensham and Putney 
(Champion). The species is quite distinct from 0. nigrina, Wat., with 
which it is confused by several continental authorities. It comes 



42 STAPHYLINID^. 

nearest to 0. umhrata, from which it may be separated by being 
smaller and having the tarsi a little shorter and thicker, the first joint 
being only as long as the two following, whereas in 0. umbrata it is 
rather longer than the three following taken together. From 0. nigi'ina 
it may be known by its longer antennae and more strongly notched 
elytra. The species is widely distributed in France and Central 
Europe. 

OCYUSA, Kraatz. 

O. (Cousya) nigrata. Fairm. et Lab. Faun. Ent. Fr., i. 380, 10. 
Shining black, very finely and sparingly pubescent ; head almost as 
broad as thorax, rather thickly punctured on the vertex ; antennae 
black or brown with the base pitchy red, gradually thickened, a little 
shorter than the head and thorax together, the first joint rather long 
and somewhat thickened, the second almost as long as the first, and 
the third scarcely half as long as the second, four to ten gradually 
thickened, more or less transverse, the last as long as the two preceding, 
subovate, very obtusely acuminate at the apex ; thorax almost square, 
slightly rounded at the sides, rather convex, with a shallow depression 
in front of the scutellum, finely and rather thickly punctured ; elytra 
longer than thorax, slightly transverse, rather finely and thickly 
punctured, with the punctuation somewhat oblique and evidently 
stronger than that of the thorax ; hind body parallel, with less close 
punctuation, shiny, the three first segments with rather strong impres- 
sions at the base ; femora brown, knees, tibite and tarsi light red. 
L. 3 mm. 

One specimen taken by Mr. Claude Morley on June 2, 1900, in an 
unoccupied martin's hole in the side of a sand-pit at Levington, Sufiblk, 
a place about half-way between Ipswich and Felixstowe : recorded 
as British by Mr. E. A. Nevvbery (Ent. Mo. Mag. xl. (2 Ser. xv.), 
1904, 251). The species has a wide range in Central and Southern 
Europe. 

O. defecta, Muls. et Rey. Brevipennes Aleochariens, 427. Elon- 
gate, slightly convex, very finely and rather scantily pubescent, shining 
black, with the mouth and the base of the antennae brownish, and the 
knees and tarsi pitchy testaceous; head punctured; antennae rather 
short, with the third joint a little shorter than the second, penultimate 
joints rather strongly transverse ; thorax slightly transverse, scarcely 
narrowed in front or rounded at the sides, evidently nariower than the 
elytra, not deeply and rather closely punctured ; elytra almost quad- 
rate, evidently longer than the thorax, somewhat depressed, finely and 
rather thickly punctured ; hind body sub-parallel, very finely, not 
deeply, and rather thickly punctured, the punctuation being less on the 
fifth segment. L. 2^2}-,- mm. 

Introduced as Britis"h by Mr. E. A. Newbery (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlv. 
(2 Ser. XX.) 1909, 150) on a single specimen taken by Mr. S. G. Rendel 
among dead leaves in a dry ditch near Tiverton, Devon, in November 



STAPHYLINID^. 



43 



1908. It is smaller and less convex than 0. maura, Er., from which 
it may further be known by the distinctly transverse fourth joint of 
the antennae, the less apparent dorsal depressions of the hind body, and 
the shape of the thorax. It has occurred very rarely in Provence and 
Corsica. Mulsant and Rev. {I.e. 427) had only seen one specimen and 
were doubtful, when they described it, whether it really belonged to 
the genus Ocijusa. 

Mr. E. A. Newbery (Ent. Mo. Mag. xl. (2 Ser. v.) 1904, 251) pro- 
poses the following table for distinguishing the species, and has kindly 
modified it for me to include 0. defecta : 



I. Elytra (with head and thorax) distinctly and 
roughly alutaceous ; thorax broader than 
long, with shallow central furrow 

II. Elytra not alutaceous ; thorax at most with 
a basal depression. 

i. Hind tarsi shorter than tibise, first joint 
subequal to the two following united, and not 
longer than iifth. 

A. Thorax with a rather deep depression in 
front of scutellum, as long as broad, dis- 
tinctly narrowed in front .... 

B. Thorax without a depression. 

a. Foui'th joint of antennj^j broader than 
long ; thorax transverse, narrowed in 
fi'ont, with the sides scarcely rounded . 

b. Fourth joint of antennas longer than 
broad ; thorax not transverse, scarcely 
narrowed in front, with the sides evi- 
dently rounded. 

a.* Antennfe more robust, usually entirely 
red-yellow, as are the legs ; av^erage 
size larger ...... 

b.* Antennse less robust, usually infuscate 
at apex ; femora infuscate ; average 
size smaller ..... 

ii. Hind tarsi subequal in length to the tibice, 
first joint very long, subequal to the thx^ee 
following joints united, and plainly longer 
than the fifth ; legs entirely testaceous 



0. INCRASSATA, Muls. 



O. NiGRATA, Fairm. 



0. DEFECTA, Key. 



O. PiciNA, Auhe. 



O. MAURA, Er. 



0. HiBERNicA, Bye. 



With regard to 0. Mhernica, Rye, in describing it as an Aleochara 
(Ent. Mo. Mag. xii., 175), admits that it is not an Aleochara at all, and 
it certainly is not an Ocyusa. It must probably be referred to a new 
genus, but a closer examination of further specimens is necessary before 
any certain conclusion can be come to. The British species of Ocyusa 
probably belong to three or four separate genera. 



44 STAPHYLINID^. 

STICHOGLOSSA, Fairmaiie. 

S. semirufa, Er., Gen. et Spec. Staph., 128, 105. Fairm. et Lab., 
Faun. Ent. Fr. i., 442, 1. Sub-parallel, rather robust, shining, finely 
pubescent ; black, with the thorax and elytra rufous, the latter with the 
scutellary region and an indistinct patch at the sides about the middle 
slightly inf uscate ; legs and mouth parts rufo-testaceous ; antennae 
reddish with the basal joints paler. Head finely and rather thickly 
punctured ; antennae rather strongly thickened, about as long as the 
head and thox^ax united, joints 5-10 strongly transverse, 11 suboval, 
as long as 1> and 10 united. Thorax strongly transverse, almost as 
broad behind as the elytra, very convex, finely and thickly punctured, 
with the posterior angles very obtuse. Elytra transverse, a little longer 
than the thorax, slightly convex, rather finely and thickly punctured ; 
hind body slightly narrowed behind, shining black, sparsely punctured, 
fifth dorsal segment without a transverse impression. 

Male Avith the last and penultimate ventral segments each with a 
prominent oblong tubercle or carina in the centre before the apex. 

Female with the last segments simple. L. 2|-o mm. 

Obtained by Mr. B. S. Harwood in the vicinity of Colchester when 
beating oaks for larvje in May 1898, and introduced as British by 
Mr. Champion (Ent. Mo. Mag. xxxv. (2 Ser. x,), 55). 

The genus Stichoglossa, Fairm. ( = Stenoglossa, Kraatz) is very closely 
allied to Ischnoglossa, Kraatz ; the insect above described differs from its 
nearest ally Ischnoglossa jn^olixa, Er., in being more robust, with much 
stouter antennae, and also in the general colouration and the characters of 
the male. It is widely disti'ibuted in France, and occurs in the Alps and 
South Germany, and probably in many parts of Central Europe. 

Mulsant and Rey. unite the species of Ischnoglossa under Stichoglossa 
(Hist. Nat. des Col. de France, Brev. Aleoch. ddd). 

CALODERA, Mannerheim. 

C. protensa, Mann, Brachelytra, 86 ; Muls. et Key. Br^vip. 
Aleoch. 536. Elongate, sub-depressed, very finely and very densely 
punctured, finely pubescent, sub-opaque, black, the mouth, the base of the 
antennae, the knees and tarsi rufo-testaceous. Antennae with the third 
joint shorter than the second, 7-10 moderately transverse. Thorax 
sub-quadrate, slightly narrowed behind, not quite so wide as the elytra, 
obsoletely canaliculate longitudinally in the middle. Elytra almost as long 
as broad, depressed, of aliout the same length as the thorax. Hind body 
sub-parallel, very finely and very thickly punctured throughout. Male 
with the sixth dorsal segment obtusely or subsinously ;truncated at its api- 
cal border ; sixth ventral segment obtusely angulated at apex. L. 8 mm. 

Colchester, in an osier bed (B. Harwood). C. jn^otensa is very 
closely allied to C. nigrita, with which it may very likely be found 
mixed in our collections ; it is, however, considerably smaller ; the 
antennae are shorter and have joints 5-10 more transverse and the 



STAPHYLINIDyE. 45 

4th much narrower, about half the size of the 5th ; it may further be 
known by the more densely punctui-ed and duller hind body, and the 
fact that the basal depressions of the first four visible segments are 
finely punctured and not rugose as in C. nigrita ; G. jrotensa and 
C, yiigrita are distinguished from all the other species of the genus by 
their longitudinally channelled thorax {y. Champion, Ent. Mo. 
Mag. xliv. (2 Ser. xix.), l'J08, 225). 

C. rufescens, Kraatz, Naturg. Ins, Deutsch, ii. 144. Very 
closely allied to C. riparia, but somewhat smaller on the average and 
more brightly coloured ; pitchy-brown or rufescent, with the head and 
the hind body (except the apex and the hind margins of the segments) 
pitchy-black ; the colour, however, is variable. Antennae and legs 
brownish-red ; the fifth to the tenth joints of the antennse are more 
strongly tranverse than in C. rijKiria, and the fourth is plainly narrower 
than the fifth ; in C. riparia these two joints are of about equal 
breadth ; in the last-mentioned species the abdomen is sparsely punc- 
tured upon the first four segments, more densely so upon the fifth, 
while in 6', rufescens the abdomen is densely and sub-uniformly punc- 
tui-ed. L, 2§- - 3 mm. 

Sandown, Isle of Wight (Champion); Colchester (Harwood). This 
species is introduced by ]\tr. Champion (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlv. (2 Ser. xx.), 
I'JOD, 52), who says that -it is probably mixed with C. riparia in our 
collections; the difi'erences, as described, seem hardly to warrant their 
separation. 

LOMECHUSA, Gravenhurst. 

L. strumosa, Grav., Micropt. 91; Gyll. Ins, Suec, ii. p. 371. 
Ferruginous, with the elytra mouth, 'parts and legs lighter, and the 
head, the base of the middle or of all the segments of the hind body 
dark brown or blackish ; the colour, however, is somewhat variable and 
is sometimes almost uniform ; form oblong, rather broad and not con- 
vex ; head small, antennae stout, but scarcely thickened from the first 
basal joint, which is broad ; joints five to ten not transverse ; thorax 
sti-ongly transverse, explanate and I'aised at the sides, disc shining and 
comparatively smooth, sides duller with obsolete granulations, posterior 
angles produced ; elytra short, very finely punctured ; hind body slightly 
rounded at the sides, smooth and shining on disc, with strong yellowish 
pubescence especially at the sides and towards base ; legs strong and 
stout with slender tarsi. L. 5| — 6mm. 

This fine species, which has been looked for for many years, is one 
of the most interesting, if not the most interesting capture recorded 
in this supplement. The previous records of its occurrence in Britain 
are one specimen taken by Sir Hans Sloane on Hampstead Heath in 
1710, and a second captured by Dr. Leach while travelling in the mail 
coach between Cheltenham and Gloucester, Both the specimens are in 
the British Museum, but the insect has long been omitted from our 
lists. It was rediscovered by Mr. Donisthorpe on May 25, 1900, in 



46 STAPHYLINID^. 

company with its normal host Formica sanguined, at Woking, and he 
has since found it in large numbers. It has not been lound with any 
other ant in Great Britain, but it has been taken on the Continent with 
Formica rufa and F. jyratensis. 

DINARDA, Mannerheim. 

D. hagensi, Wasm. Wien. Ent. Zeit., 1889, p. 281 ; Ent. Record 
xvii,, 1905, pp. 1 81-182. Closely allied to D. dentata, but on the average, 
smaller and paler, the red colour being moi'e tinged Avith a yellowish shade ; 
thorax broader in proportion to the elytra ; the thorax and the elytra 
have the posterior angles less sharply pointed, and are not so strongly 
punctured as in D. dentata, the punctures being of the same character 
as in the last-named species but less strongly marked ; the elytra are 
less explanate at the sides ; the antennae are slightly more slender and 
longer, joints 4-10 being less strongly transverse. L. 2|-3 mm. 

Taken byMr. Donisthorpe(whoaddsittothe British list, I.e. p. 181) in 
numbers at Bournemouth in nests of i^ormic« e;:csec<«, and subsequently 
with the same ant at Par-khurst Forest, Isle of Wight, in 1 909. F. exsecta 
makes a small nest of ling and grass, and is very scarce in this country. 

Most of the English examples, as pointed out by Wasmann. (Zoolo- 
gist, 1908, (59), show no raised keeled border to the elytra, in which point 
these specimens depart from the generic diagnosis of Dinarda (" elytro- 
rum margine laterali cai'inato "). 

D. pygmsea, Wasm. Deutsch Ent. Zeit., 1894, p. 277. Smaller 
than the preceding, from which it is distinguished by having the 
thorax at base scarcely broader than the elytra. This is due to the 
shape of the thorax, which has the sides less strongly rounded and 
sub-parallel before base; the thoi-ax is more strongly sculptured and 
rugose than in D. hagensi, and the joints of the antennte are more 
transverse than in D. dentata ; there is a distinct furrow or central im- 
pression on the head. L. 2J-2| mm. 

Cornwall, Bovisand near Plymouth (J. H. Keys) ; in nests of 
Form^ica rnfiharhis, var. fusco-rnjibarbis, Forel., sometimes in company 
with Atemeles paradoxus. The species is very abundant in the nests of 
this ant at Whitsand Bay. Introduced as British by Mr. Donisthorpe 
(Ent. Record xviii., 1906, 217). 

We now possess four species of Dinarda as British ; * they may be 
distinguished as follows : 

I. Thorax distinctly broader than the elytra; 
L. 3-4 mm. 
i. Posterior angles of thorax less produced ; 
L 3^"^ "ovm. ; head without longitudinal furrow 
or marked central impression . . . . D^ maerkeli, Kies. 

* In the European catalogue of Heyden, Keitter and Weise the other three of 
these species are regarded as varieties of D. dentata : and Wasmann apparently 
considers them as subspecies. I retain them liere as species in deference to Mr. 
Donisthorpe, who has devoted much study to the ants' nest beetles.— W. W. F. 



STAPHYLINID^. 47 

ii. Posterior angles of thorax more produced ; 
L. 2|-3 mm. 

1. Head with a longitudinal furrow; sides of 
elytra more explanate ; penultimate joints of 

antennfe more transverse . . . . D. dentata, Grav. 

2. Head with a distinct impression ; sides of 
elytra less explanate, occasionally serrate ; 

penultimate joints of antennje less transverse D. hagensi, Wasm. 
II. Thorax scaicely broader than elytra ; head 

with a distinct furrow ; L. 2^2f mm. . . D. pygalea, Wasm, 

HOMALOTA, Auct. 
H, (Dacrila) pruinosa, Kr., Naturg. der Insect. Deutsch, ii, 228. 
Narrow, sub-parallel, dull black, with the elytra dark pitchy castaneous, 
and the base of the antennje and the legs testaceous-brown or yellowish 
with the femora darker ; tarsi light ; upper surface extremely finely 
punctured throughout and with very fine and close greyish pubescence ; 
head nai*rower than thoi'ax, antennae moderately long, gi'adually 
thickened, with the penultimate joints plainly, but not strongly, 
transverse, and the last joint long ; thorax sub-quadrate, slightly 
broader than long, a little narrowei- than the elytra ; elytia plainly 
longer than thorax ; hind body parallel, strongly margined ; sexual 
difi'erences not marked, L. 2^ mm. 

Taken by Mr. Elliman at Chesham, Bucks, and introduced as 

British, by Mr. Champion (Ent. Mo. Mag. xxxiii. (2 Ser. viii.), 274). 

Subsequently taken by Champion on Guildford Downs. The species 

is widely distributed in the circum-Mediterranean region, and has 

been found in Austria. Its capture in Britain is very interesting. 

The species is most nearly allied to H. fallax, Ki-aatz, and 
H. luteipes, Er., these three species being the only real European 
representatives of Thomson's section Dilacra and Rey's section Dacrila. 
H. clavigera, Scriba, Stett. Ent. Zeit., 1859, p. 414 (= Gyro- 
ph(ena clavicornis, Epp., Deutsch Ent. Zeit., 1878, p. 40). Black, shining, 
with the thorax and elytra sometimes pitchy, base of antennae and the 
legs light testaceous ; upper surface with moderately distinct pubescence ; 
head small, somewhat rounded, sub-parallel immediately behind the 
eyes, with a shallow central channel ; antennte very short and strongly 
thickened, joints 4-10 becoming more and more transvei'se, 11 about 
as long as 9 and 10 united ; thorax transversely sub-quadrate, hind 
body parallel, with the anterior segments sparingly and finely 
punctured, and the posterior segments smooth. L. 2 mm. 

Discovered by Mr. Elliman of Chesham, Bucks, at Tring, in rotten 
leaves in a ditch at the base of one of the southern slopes of the 
Chiltern Hills : introduced by Mr. Champion as British (Ent. Mo. 
Mag. xxxiv. (2 Ser. ix.), 266). 

The insect has the appearance of a GyropliKna, the head being 
plainly narrower than the thorax, and the thorax than the elytra, and 



48 STAPHYLINID^. 

as such it was described by Eppelsheim (1878). In 1891, as pointed out 
by Mr. Champion {I.e. p. 207) the Staphylinidpe were dealt with by 
Eppelsheim in Von Heyden, Reitter and Weise's list, and here he places 
H.clavigei^ain the genus Atheta,Th.ova»., subgenus Ceritaxa, Rey., which 
includes H. testaceipes, Heei-, and JI. dilaticornis, Ki-., &c. Ganglbauer 
(Die Kafer von Mitteleuropa, ii. p. 192 (1895)) makes //. clavigera the 
type of a new subgenus Bhojxdocera, bvit it seems a pity to adopt a 
name so universally used for Lepidoptera. 

H. (Pycnota) paradoxa, Rey. Op. xii., 111. Rather shining, 
black, with the elytra and apex of the abdomen sometimes pitchy, finely 
pubescent ; head transverse, thickly and finely punctured ; antennae 
rather long and stout, black or obscurely testaceovis, 1st joint a little 
longer than ord, transverse, 5-10 gradually broader, strongly transverse, 
the last as long as the two preceding together, acuminate at apex; thorax 
transverse, a little narrower at base than the elytra, finely, densely and 
rugosely punctured ; hind body broad, rather strongly margined at 
the sides, very gradually narrowed from the middle to the apex, with 
the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and base of the 5th segments finely, thickly and 
rugosely punctured, and the rest sparingly and obsoletely punctured ; 
legs lighter or darker testaceous. L. 2 mm. 

Bradfield, Berks, and Kingswear, S. Devon (Joy) ; London district 
and Guildford (Champion); Woolton Hill, Hants, and Great Blaken- 
ham, Sufl:blk (Donisthorpe) ; Oxford district (Walker) ; Covilsdon, 
Surrey, and Lowestoft (Bedwell) ; Huntingfield (Chitty); West Mal- 
vern (Tomlin) ; Exeter and Cheshunt (Nicholson). It occurs in moles' 
nests ; Dr. Joy records it as British (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlii. (2 Ser. xvii.), 
201), and says that it is most closely related to //. cribrata, Kr., from 
which, and in fact from all its allies, it may be known by the thickness 
of its antennae. Fauvel, who identified the species, says that it has 
been taken in the runs of lodents in France, so that it is evidently 
attached to mammals and has therefore escaped notice hitherto. 

H. (Acrotona) parens, Muls. et Rey., Opusc. Ent. i. 1852, 44, 
Sub-elongate, rather broad, fusiform, somewhat convex, very finely and 
densely pubescent, pitchy black, the elytra and antenna? brownish or 
reddish-brown, the base of the latter and the mouth and legs testaceous, 
and the tip of the hind body reddish. Head very finely and closely 
punctured. Antennae distinctly thickened towards the apex, shortly 
pilose, with joints 2-3 sub equal, 4 moderately, and 6—10 strongly, 
transverse. Thorax strongly transverse, rather convex, slightly retracted 
in front, as broad behind as the elytra, moderately arcuate laterall}^ 
feebly sinuate at the base on each side, very finely and densely 
punctured. Elytra strongly transverse, a little longer than the thorax, 
sub-depressed, finely, densely and sub-rugulosely punctured. Hind body 
attenuated towards the apex, setulose, and with long, sub-equally 
distributed pubescence, finely and densely pvmctured towards the base, 
a little less densely so behind. Posterior tarsi elongate, a little shorter 
than the tibiae. L. 2 mm. 



STAPHYLINID^. 49 

Guildford (Champion), one specimen : apparently generally distri- 
buted over Central Europe, in moss and old faggots, &c. 

According to Mr. Champion, who introduced the species (Ent. Mo. 
Mag. xlv. (2 Ser. xx.), 1909. 5), this insect has the general facies of 
H. (Goprothassa) melanaria, Mann., but it is not nearly so large, and 
has much shorter antennfe. The stouter antennae, with joints 6-10 
strongly transverse, separate it from the more nearly allied H. parva, 
Sahib., and //. aterrhna, Grav. 

H. (Atheta) fussi, Bern., Verh.-Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien., 1908, 
p. 40. H. nitens, Fuss., Berl. Ent. Zeitschr. 1868, 354.* Somewhat 
depressed, black, rather shiny, elytra brown, reddish-brown behind, 
hind body brownish at apex. Antennae as long as the head and thorax, 
moderately stout, pitchy-black, scarcely paler at the base, 1st joint almost 
half as long again as 3rd, 4th small, shorter than 3rd, the following joints 
scarcely varying in breadth, the outer ones strongly transverse, 11th as 
long as the two preceding united, pointed at apex. Head moderately 
large, shining, sparsely and finely punctured ; thorax about as broad 
as the elytra, about one-half broader than long, with rounded anterior 
and posterior angles, rounded at the base and sides, narrowed in front, 
rather sparingly and finely punctured, black, moderately shining, 
convex, without impressions. Elytra slightly longer than the thorax, 
thickly and distinctly punctured, depressed, each elytron more rounded 
at the sutural angle than is usvial in Ilomcdota ; hind body a little 
narrowed posteriorly, segments 2-4 somewhat thickly and finely, and 
5 and 6 sparsely punctured, legs yellow, with the knees somewhat 
darker. Pubescence of the upper surface short and fine, the hind body 
furnished at the sides with slightly longer protruding hairs. L. 2 mm. 

One specimen taken by Mr. Champion at Mickleham on September 
5, 1875 {v. Ent. Mo. Mag. xlv. (2 Ser. xx.), 1909, 31). 

The insect, as observed by Kraatz, is very like a Placusa in the 
flattened, sub-parallel form, relatively large head, itc. ; it is of about 
the same size and shape as P. jmmilio, but it is more shiny, less 
densely punctured, and has more slender antenna?. 

H. (Dimetrota) picipennis, Mannh., BviU. Soc. Imp. Nat. 
Mosc. 1843, iii. 224. Head and thorax brassy black, elytra brown, these 
parts being plainly shagreened and not very shining, hind body shining 
black ; head very finely and spaiingly punctured ; antennae pitchy-black, 
with rather long outstanding hairs, somewhat thickened towards the 
apex, 3rd joint equal to or a little longer than the 2nd, 4-6 slightly 
longer than broad, 6-10 as long as broad, the last nearly double as long 
as the penultimate, sharply pointed ; thorax narrower than elytra, one- 
third broader than long, moderately rounded at the sides and slightly 
narrowed behind, finely pubescent, closely and rugosely punctured, 
sides with rather strong outstanding setae ; elytra distinctly longer than 
the thorax, very closely and somewhat rugosely sculptured, finely 

* The aUeiation in name has been made because nitens is preoccupied to the 
genus Homalota. 

D 



50 STAPHYLINID.4^'. 

pubescent ; abdomen sub-parallel, narrowed behind, with segments 2-4 
finely and rather diffusely punctured, the remainder very finely and 
sparingly punctured, with distinct setse at sides ; legs brownish testaceous, 
femora darker. Male with the posterior portion of the 7th ventral 
segment of hind body emarginate. L. 2j^-2|^ mm. 

Dalwhintiie, Inverness- shire, September 1901), one specimen, and 
Aviemore, September 10, 1910, a few examples in rotting fungus (Joy) ; 
Eathmullan, Donegal, Ireland (Cameron). This species is allied to 
H. atramentaria, Gyll., and H. cinnamojJtera, Thorns. ; from the former 
it may be distinguished by having the elytra much more finely and 
•closely punctured, the antennpe less thickened towards apex (the 
penultimate joints being about as long as broad, instead of distinctly 
transverse), and the last joint more pointed ; the legs, too, are lighter. 
From A. cinnamoptera it diSers in having the fore- parts less brassy and 
•duller, the somewhat more parallel-sided hind body and the rather 
stouter antennse. 

The insect will probably be found in many other localities in Great 
Britain, for, according to Ganglbauer, although rare, it occurs 
throughout the greater part of the PaliBarctic region. The species 
was introduced as British by Dr. Joy (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlvi. (2 Ser. xxi.), 
1910, 252). 

H. (Atheta) divisa, Mark., var. blatchi, Ellis, Ent. Rec. 1901, 
p. 251. //. angulata, Eowler and Sharp Cat., 1893. A very distinct 
form differing from the type in that the base of the thorax is much 
wider than the elytra owing to the strongly developed posterior angles. 

Taken by the late Mr. W. E. Blatch in dead moles and hedgehogs 
at Knowle, Warwickshire. Mr. H. Willoughby Ellis, who described 
this form in honour of Mr. Blatch, has also taken it in similar 
situations. 

H. (Aleuonota) scotica, Elliman. Ent. Record, xxi. 1909, 33. 
Elongate, somewhat parallel, depressed, finely and rather densely 
pubescent ; reddish-testaceous, with the mouth parts, base of the 
antennae, and the legs paler, head and hind body, excepting apex, 
pitchy, the two or three basal segments being slightly lighter ; head, 
thorax and elytra rather dull, hind body a little more shiny. Head 
sub-triangular, strongly narrowed from base to front of eyes, about as 
broad as thorax, slightly convex, very finely punctured. Antennse 
somewhat strongly thickened towards apex, joints 1-3 elongate, third 
joint a little shorter than second, 4 and 5 about as long as broad, 
6 and 7 transverse, 8-10 strongly transverse, last joint half as long 
again as penultimate. Thorax very slightly transverse, narrowed a 
little in front, very slightly contracted towards base from the anterior 
third, with faint traces of a dorsal channel. Elytra transverse, very 
little longer than thorax, very finely punctured. Hind body sub- 
parallel, very finely and densely punctured ; last ventral segment 
furnished with rather long black hairs. L. 2J-3 mm. 

Nethy Bridge, Scotland, in flood refuse on the banks of the Spey ; 



STAPHYLINID^. 51 

taken sparingly by Prof. Hudson Beare and Mr. Donisthorpe in 
September 1908. 

The insect is related to the //. circeUaris group, from which it may 
be known by the triangular shape of the head, and the broader and less 
convex thorax ; its nearest ally is H. macella, Er., but the latter is a 
smaller and narrower insect, with longer elytra and differently formed 
antennse. In the European Catalogue of 1906, H. circeUaris is placed 
under Sipalia. 

H. (Atheta) inhabilis, Kraatz, Tns. Deutsch. ii. 251. Black, 
depressed ; head thorax and elytra somewhat shining, alutaceous, 
and very finely and diffusely punctured ; head nearly as broad as 
thorax, strongly channelled in the centre ; antennae short, black, 
with the base pitchy, third joint shorter than second, fourth strongly 
transverse ; thorax transverse, distinctly channelled ; elytra half as 
long again as thorax ; abdomen more shining than the front parts, 
basal segments very finely and diffusely punctured, the last two 
segments almost impunctate ; legs pitchy testaceous, femora d;u'ker. 
L. 2^ mm. 

Two specimens taken under pine bark at Blair Athol, Perthshire, 
September 5, 1909, by Dr. Joy, who introduced the species as Epijjeda 
nigricans, Thoms. (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlv. (2 Ser. xx.), 268). Just as we 
are going to press he has corrected this (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlvii. (2 Ser. 
xxii.), 1911, 111) and says that he ha« taken further specimens at 
Pitlochry, Perthshire, and that it is unlike any other member of the 
genus Homalota, and can only be compared to Ejnpeda j^lana, Gyll. 

MYRMECOPORA, Saulcy. 

M. brevipes, E. A. Butler (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlv. (2 Ser. xx.), 1909, 
29). Closely allied to M. uvida, Er., but smaller and narrower, and 
with distinctly shorter legs; the antennae and the penultimate joint of 
the maxillary palpi are proportionately shorter, and the former are 
pitchy with paler base, whereas in M. uvida they are entirely reddish- 
testaceous. In the last-named species the thorax is not broader than 
long, and the dorsal segments of the hind body have, in addition to the 
ordinary pubescence, strong erect setpe, which are easily seen in profile, 
whereas in M. brevipes the thorax is distinctly broader than long and 
the setfe on the dorsal segments are scarcely perceptible ; the legs 
(which in 31. uvida are more or less testaceous) are pitchy with 
testaceous tarsi. L. 2|-2|- mm. 

West of England, Tintagel and Plymouth, &c. (Keys) ; Isle of Man 
(Bailey); Scilly Islands and Thurlestown, Devon (Joy); Isle of Wight 
(Donisthorpe); Weymouth (Beare). 

Mr. E. A. Butler has recently introduced this species (Ent. Mo. 
Mag. xlv. (2 Ser. xx.), 1909, 29), and is confirmed in his opinion of it 
by Captain Sainte-Claii-e Deville and M. Fauvel, who have found it in 
Jersey and in Brittany. 



52 STAPHYLINID^. 

Dlestota testacea, Kraatz, Wiegm. Ar-ch., 1859, 7 ; D. mayeti, Muls. et 
Key, Op. Ent. xiv. 196. Mr. W" E. Sharp (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlv. (2 Ser. 
XX.), 1909, 2G9) records the capture of this exotic species among the 
debris of decayed wood, ikc, at Shirley, Surrey ; it has also been found 
in Southern France; it is, however, originally an Indian insect, and 
numerous species of the same genus have been described by Dr. Sharp 
from Central and South America and the Hawaiian Islands. It cannot 
therefore be regarded as indigenous, although, as Mr. W. E. Sharp 
observes, it may be difficult to conjecture the exact method of its trans- 
plantation to the hills of Surrey if it be indeed an alien. The following 
is a short description of the insect as given by the finder : 

" Light castaneous, with the head, the apical portion of the elyti'a, 
and the extremity of the hind body darker ; antennre stout, strongly 
thickened at apex, apical joints transverse ; head very transverse and 
as broad as thorax ; thorax strongly transverse, with all the angles 
rounded, very finely and densely punctured, with a strong impression 
at the base ; elytra quadrate, rather wider than, and punctured similarly 
to, the thorax ; hind body sub-parallel, exceedingly finely punctured. 
L. 2^ mm." 

Superficially the insect resembles a Sipalia, but is much more shiny 
and more robust and broader than either of the British members of 
the genus, and the elytra are more convex. 



ARENA, Fauvel. 

A. octavii, Fauvel (Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1862, p. 292). Elongate, 
linear, finely pubescent, pitch-black, with the antenna?, thorax, elytra, 
apex of the hind body and the legs reddish castaneous ; head as broad 
as the thorax, rather coarsely jjunctured ; antenna? a little shorter than 
the head and thorax together, strongly and gradually thickened towards 
the apex ; first joint scarcely thickened, 2-3 obconical, 4-10 gradually 
thicker, sub-moniliform, 7-10 strongly transverse, eleventh joint equal 
to the two preceding together ; oval or oval-oblong, obtusely acuminate 
at apex ; thorax sub-ti'ansverse, finely and thickly punctured ; elytra 
transverse, evidently shorter than the thorax, rather finely and thickly 
punctured ; hind body sub-parallel, about as broad at base as the elytra, 
somewhat shiny, sparingly pubescent, and sparingly and obsoletely 
punctured.. Male with the last segment of the hind body evidently 
rounded and a little overlapping the last ventral segment ; female with 
the last segment obtusely rounded. L. 2 mm. 

Ilfracombe (Tait) ; Weymouth, Chesil Beach (Blatch) ; Dawlish 
Warren (De la Garde) ; Llanbedr (Attlee). Introduced as British by 
the late Mr. VV. G. Blatch (Ent. Mo. Mag. xxviii. (2 Ser. iii.), 1892, IGO). 
The species is found on the sea-shore under stones, &c., embedded in 
the sand, or in dead birds on the shore. 

The genus Arena, Fauv., is closely allied to Phytosus, Curt., from 
which it difiers in being a little more parallel, with the hind body less 



STAPHYLINID^. 53 

elongate and the penultimate segment smaller, and by the anterior and 
intermediate tibiae being furnished with stiff hair^^, but not spinose ; 
the posterior tibire are longer, with the first joint more elongate. 

PHYTOSUS, Curtis. 

P. nigriventris, Chevr., Rev. Zool. 1843, p. 42. As P. nigriven- 
tris, Chevr., appears to be a distinct species from P. halticits, Kraatz, 
it may be of use to quote in extenso Mr. Champion's note on the subject 
(Ent. Mo. Mag. xxxv. (2 Ser. x.), 1899, 1) : 

"Fowler (Col. Brit. Islands, ii. p. 170) treats P. hcdticus, Kraatz, 
and P. nigriventris, Chevr., as forms of one species, he at the same time 
calling attention to some specimens in his collection, from Mablethorpe, 
Lincolnshire, with the hind body much widened posteriorly and very 
distinctly punctured. As these insects are regarded as specifically 
distinct by Continental authorities, and both occur in Britain, it is 
worth while to call attention again to the matter. They are easily 
separable by the characters given by Dr. Kraatz (Berl. Ent. Zeit, 1859, 
pp. 52, 53) : 

" Brunneus seu brunneo-testaceus, cinereo- 

pubescens, capite infuscato, punctatissimo, 

abdomine crebre pvmctato, nitidulo, nigro- 

piceo, basin versus magis minusve infuscato, 

apice fusco-testaceo, elytris thorace dimidio 

brevioribus ....... balticus, Kraatz* 

" Stramineus, cinereo-pubescens, capite basi 

infuscato, confertim perspicue punctato, 

abdomine confertissime punctato, opaco, seg- 

mentis quarto quintoque totis nigris, sexto 

basi nigro, apice rufo, elytris thorace dimidio 

brevioribus nigriventris, Chevi: 

" It may be noted that P. nigriventris averages much larger in size, 
the largest specimen in my collection measuring nearly 3^ mm. in 
length, and that it has the hind body much more widened posteriorly 
than in P. balticus, and more distinctly punctured; the black band, 
too, is very sharply defined, and confined to the fourth and fifth seg- 
ments and the basal half of the sixth, whereas in P. balticus the hind body 
is nigro-piceous, with the base and apex indeterminately testaceous." 

P. balticus is found generally along the south coast of England, and 
is probably general on the east and west coasts also ; it also occurs in 
Scotland and Ireland. P. nigriventris appears to be rare ; it has been 
taken on the Chesil Beach by Mr. AValker. My specimens from 
Mablethorpe, v/hich Mr. Champion refers to, are not, as far as I can 
make out, to be referred to this species. Mr. AValker has taken 

* Originally described and figured by Dr. Kraatz under the name of P. iiigri- 
tentris (Stett. Ent. Zeit. xiv., p. 257, t. 3, fig. 6 ; Naturg. Ins. Deutsch, ii. p. 43). 



54 STAPHYLINID.^. 

P. spinifer, P. halticus, and P. nigriventris iu company, in one day, at 
AV'eymouth. P. nigriventris is taken freely by Mr. Keys at Tregantle, 
AVhitsand Bay, and is recorded by iSIessrs. Chaster and Sopp in the 
Southport list as frequent on the shore in spring and autumn in empty 
egg-capsules of Bnccinum undatnm, the common whelk : Boldoyle, Co. 
Dublin (Kemp). It has also quite recently (1910) been recorded from 
Dawlisb, Devon. 

DIGLOSSA, Haliday. 
Mr. Champion (Ent. Mo. Mag. xxxv. (2 Ser. x.), 1S90, 264) points 
out a discrepancy in my account of the species (Brit. Col. ii. 171), in 
that I speak of D. mersa, Hal., as apterous in the table, and then after 
description say that I have taken it on the -wing settling on large 
pebbles itc. iu the sun at Ventnor, Isle of Wight. I cannot at this 
distance of time remember, especially as thei-e were large numbers of 
Homalota? etc. on the wing at the same time, but I have a strong idea 
that there must have been both winged and apterous forms, as ISIr. 
Champion suggests.* It is better, however, to adopt his table of 
differences, but I prefer to keep to my own names, which are those 
adopted in the last European Catalogue. 

Abdomen not, or very slightly, widening 

posteriorly, the sixth dorsal segment more 

sparsely punctured than those preceding ; 

antenna? piceous, paler at the base ; pro- 
thorax feebly sinuate at the sides towards 

the base ; head, prothoras and elytra slightly 

shining ....... D, mersa, Halid. 

Abdomen widening to the apex of the sixth 

segment, with the dorsal segments closely, 

minutely punctate; antenntt ferruginous 

or f usco-ferrugiuous, paler at the base ; 

prothorax strongly sinuate at the sides 

towards the base ; head, prothorax and 

elytra opaque D.submarixa, /<n>?«. 

sinKatocoUis, Rey. 
a'assa, Rey^ 

D. mersa occurs all along the southern coast — Southend, Sheppey, 
Sandown, Ventnor, Studland (Dorset), Weymouth, Portsc;\tho, 
Falmouth — as well as at Tenby, Cleethorpes, Hunstanton, the Forth 
and Clyde districts of Scotland, Ireland, tfec. It appears to be much 
the commonest species iu Britain. The second species has been taken 
freely by Mr. Champion at Sheppey, and he gives as other localities, 
VN^eymouth (Walker) and Altcar. Lancashire (Tomlin). In Mr. 

* This is borne out by Mr. Keys (Ent. Mo. Mas:, xlvi. (2 Ser. xxi.), I'JlU. 117). 
vho records the capture of a winged and an apterous specimen of a species of 
Diglossa at the same time and place; the species is not mentioned. 



STAPHYLINID^. 55 

Mason's collection there is ii very small form of it, probably found by 
Haliday in Ireland. 

As the name Diylossa, Haliday (1837), has been preoccupied in 
Zoology (Wayler, 1832), Mr. Champion proposes to alter the name to 
JJiglotta, but, as the name has not yet been accepted by the European 
authorities, it is better, pei-haps, to retain Diglossa, at any rate for the 
present. 

TACHYPORUS, Gravenhorst. 

T. fasciatus, Nicholson, Ent. Rec. 1911, p. 24. Broad, shining, 
reddish-testaceous, with the head, breast, the sides and a broad 
band at base of elytra, and hind body black. Head and thorax ex- 
ceedingly finely punctured. Antenna long and fine, not thickened 
towards apex, with base testaceous, darker towards apex, penulti- 
mate joints longer than broad, 11th joint half as long again as 
lOtho Elytra longer than thorax, with disc reddish, side mai^gins to 
just before apex broadly black, a slightly zigzag and not very well- 
defined broad band occupying nearly the basal half of elytra, black ; 
where this band joins the marginal black bands it is narrowest, so that 
here the reddish colour of the disc of elytra extends to nearly the base 
on each side as a tongue-like projection ; very finely and closely punc- 
tured, the punctures bearing a rather obvious black pubescence ; 
marginal bristles stout and long. Hind body black, with the apical 
margins of segments testaceous, finely and closely punctured. Mouth 
parts and legs testaceous. L. 3J mm. 

This species in shape and size most closely resembles 2\ solutus,'Rv., 
but the punctuation of the head, thorax, elytra, and especially of the hind 
body is much finer. The antennfe, although of the same length, have 
the penultimate joints considerably narrower. The 11th joint is only 
half as long again as the 10th, whereas in T, solutus it is nearly tv/ice 
as long. The elytra, besides the diflerence in colour, are more pubescent, 
and the marginal bristles are stout and long ; in T. solutus they are 
short and fine. From T. chrysomelinus, L., it difiers by its broader 
form, by the colour of the elytra and the punctuation, which is closer 
and deeper, and by the greater length of the antenna?, whose pen- 
ultimate joints are not quadrate or slightly transverse, as in the latter 
species. The marginal bristles of the elytra are even stouter and 
longer than in T. chrysomelinus. 

Two specimens of this very pretty species were taken by Dr. G= W. 
Nicholson by sifting sedge-refuse in Wicken Fen, one on April 24, and 
the second on July 20, 1910. 

TACHINUS, Gravenhorst, 
T. frigidus, Er., Gen. et Spec. Staph., 256. This insect appears to 
be synonymous with T. pallipes and must therefore be so regarded. The 
synonymy in the last European Catalogue is as follows, T, pallipes, Grav^ 
= propinquus, M'akl. = frigidus, Er, 



56 STAPHYLINID^. 

HETEROTHOPS, Stephens. 
H. praevia, Er., Kiif. Mark. Bandeburg, i. 480, var. nigra, 
Kraatz, Bei'l. Ent. Zeit., 1868, 352. Apparently we possess two forms 
of H. 'prcevia. Thorns., nee Er., one a lighter coloured form of variable 
colour, but in part at least more or less pitchy or reddish-brown, and a 
deep black shining form which has hitherto been found very rarely and 
has passed under the name of //. quadiHpunctula, Gr. ; the latter 
insect does not appear to occur in Britain ; the var. nigra, however, has 
occurred very abundantly in moles' nests in many parts of the country 
(v. Ganglbauer, Kaf. von Mitteleurop, ii. 387). Mr, Donisthorpe has 
taken specimens in nests of Formica rnfa, and Lasius fuliginosus, at 
Weybridge and Wellington College, which appear to be a little larger 
than nigra, and with the punctuation more alutaceous, and conse- 
quently less shining {v. Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1909, p. 407). 

QUEDIUS, Leach. 

To the table of characters for the sub-genera (Brit. Col. ii. 228) the 
following may be added : 

Section II. (Sub.-gen. Quedius, i.sp.). Elytra not very closely 
punctured. 

Section III. (Sub,-gen, Microsaurus, Steph.). Elytra very closely 
punctured. 

Section IV. (Sub.-gen. Sauridus, Muls. et Rey.). Scutellum smooth 
in all the species. 

Section V. (Sub.-gen. Bajjhirus, Steph.). Scutellum punctured and 
pubescent. 

The insect introduced by Mr. E. A. Newbery (Ent. Mo. Mag. xli. 
(2 Ser. xvi.), 1905, 197) SiS Quedius rrtri«&i7/s, Heer (on a single specimen 
taken by Mr. Kidson Taylor in Sherwood Forest, in rotten fungus, in 
company with Q. xanthojms, Er.) must apparently be referred to 
Q.fageti, Thoms., which, in the last European Catalogue, is regarded 
as a synonym of Q. maurus. Sahib. Q. niaurus appears to be a good 
and distinct species. The punctures at the sides of the thorax, as 
Dr. Joy pointed out, cannot be relied on in this group as specific 
characters. {Cf. Newbery, Ent. Mo. Mag. 1910, 230.) Mr. Dollman 
records Q. inaurus from Highbeach, Epping. 

Q. nigrocoeruleus, Muls. et Rey. ; Brevipennes, Staphyliniens, 
p. 500. Closely allied to Q. mesomelinus, Marsh, of the size of the 
largest examples of this species, proportionately a little broader, and of 
a deeper colour throughout ; antennae slightly stouter ; head larger 
and more distinctly punctured, with two punctures (instead of one) 
toward the postero-interior border of the eyes ; thorax with from two 
to fovir punctures in an arched series upon the sides of the disc, with 
the lateral pore a little less distant from the margin ; elytra shorter in 
proportion to the thorax, more densely punctured, usually with a blue 



STAPHYLINID.^. 57 

metallic reflection, violaceous in immature examples ; abdomen less 
iridescent ; legs black or pitch-black with the anterior tibife and all the 
tarsi more or less red. L. 8J-1) mm. 

Male with the two penultimate ventral segments of the hind body 
furnished with rather conspicuous tufts of black hairs at apex ; these 
are present in Q. mesomelinus but appear to be less distinct. 

First recorded as British by Mr. Champion (Ent. Mo. Mag. xxxii. 
(2 Ser. vii.), 1896, 50) on a single specimen taken by Mr. \V. H. Tuck 
near Bury St. Edmunds in a nest of Bomhus hortorum ; afterwards taken 
by Mr. Ernest Bed well beneath a log by a sluice on the beach near a 
rabbit warren at Kessingland, Suffolk. Mr. Morley, who records this 
(Ent. Mo. Mag. xxxiv. (2 Ser. ix.), 1898, 267) gives a drawing of the 
maxilla as compared with that of two allied species, but this is often a 
variable character. Mr. Champion in the same place (p. ^%>>) records a 
second specimen from Tostock, Bury St. Edmunds, and it has occurred 
since in a few localities ; Barton Broad (Joy) ; in moles' nests not un- 
common, Plymouth (Keys) ; near Cambridge in moles' nests, and in 
sand-pit and wasps' nests, Ditchling (Dollman) ; Oulton Broad (Beare 
and Donisthorpe) ; Woking (Champion) ; Exeter (Nicholson). It is 
found rarely in France in the sand and under stones in damp caves. 
Mulsant and Rey. (I.e. p. 505) also describe the larva of Q. nigro- 
cceruleus ; it is said to live in caves with the perfect insect, and does 
not present any striking peculiarity except that the first joint of the 
cerci is considerably shorter than the anal process. 

Q. talparum, Deville (Bull. Soc. Ent. Franc. 1910, 158), vexans, 
Brit. Col. nee Eppl. Deutsch. Ent. Zeit. 1881, xxv. p. 297. This 
species is most nearly related to Q. hrevicornis, from which it may be 
distinguished by having the head always at least as long as broad, the 
eyes smaller, the shape more parallel-sided and the average size smaller; 
the penultimate joints of the antennae are less strongly transverse ; 
the apical border of the last dorsal segment of the abdomen is often, 
but not always, yellowish, and the hind body is slightly duller and more 
closely punctured than in Q. hrevico7-nis. The small size of the eyes, 
as pointed out by Dr. Joy, who first introduced the species as British 
(under the name of vexans, Eppl.), is an important character, and in 
this respect the insect is allied to Q. longicornis, which evidently 
inhabits much the same situations. L. 10-11 mm. 

Found by Dr. Joy near Bradfield in moles' nests, to which it is 
apparently exclusively attached. It is very widely distributed in 
Britain. I have one or two specimens in my collection without 
locality which probably occurred in flood rubbish. Dr. Joy (Ent. Mo. 
Mag. xlii. (2 Ser. xvii.), 190G, 201) adds a note to the eflect that 
a difierence in the habits of Q. falparum and Q. hrevicornis is of 
much interest. Q. hrevicornis is found in old birds' nests, and when 
one of these is being examined for beetles it will lie quiet for a very 
long time, and will not attempt to run until it knows it is discovered. 
Q. tal^Mrum runs off at a great pace at the first alarm. The latter would 



58 STAPHYLINID^. 

profit nothing by lying still, the mole using its nose and not its eyes 
for discovering its prey, whereas birds would see a moving insect at once. 
The following table is given by Dr. Joy (I.e. p. 201), who has pur- 
posely left out the characters derived from the punctures on the thorax 
as being unreliable in this group ; this we have already pointed out 
under Q. variabilis : 

I. Penultimate joints of antennae hardly 
transverse ; last dorsal segment of ab- 
domen entirely reddish yellow . . Q, fulgidus, F. 

II. Penultimate joints of the antennse 
strongly transverse ; last dorsal segment 
of abdomen with never more than the 
apical margin yellowish. 

i. Hind body diii'usely punctvired, elytra 
bright red, legs black, average size 
smaller ...... Q. puncticollis. Thorns. 

ii. Hind body closely punctured, elytra dull 
red, legs reddish, average size larger. 

1. Head transverse even in $ , eyes larger, 

shape fusiform, average size larger . Q, brevicornis. Thorns. 

2. Head, even in well-developed ^ S ,&s 
long as broad, eyes smaller, shape more 

parallel-sided, average size smaller , Q. talparum, Deville. 

Q. cruentus, 01., Ent. iii. 42, 27, var. virens, Rottbg. (Berl. Entr 
Zeitschr. 1870, 29). This variety has the elytra black, often with a 
greenish reflection, and is reddish at the suture and often at the sides 
also. 

Ireland, Antrim (Murlough Bay) and Armagh (Loughgilly) (Irish 
List, 1902, 044); Basingstoke (Dollman), Torquay (Donisthorpe), 
Birkdale, rather common (Chaster and 8opp), Ballycastle (Tomlin), 
New Forest (Walker), Bovey Tracy (Keys). 

Q. hammiauus, Sharp (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlvii. (2 Ser. xxii.), 1911, 
57). This species is closely allied to Q. molochinus, Grav., but is larger, 
distinctly broader, and of more clumsy appearance. Q. molochimis is a 
very neatly formed insect. The elytra are slightly longer ; the wings 
are 7 mm. long and pointed, and sub-truncate at the extreme apex, 
whereas in Q. molochinus they are 4^ mm. long and very obtuse. There 
are also difi'erences in the aedeagus of the male. The species appears to 
be quite distinct. L. 15 mm. 

Deal, Strood, Lymington and Hayling Island (Sharp) ; Portland, 
Chatham, and I. of Sheppey (Walker) ; St. Helens, I. of W. (Holland) ; 
Bembridge, I. of W. (Donisthorpe). It is a salt-marsh species. 
I once found it in great profusion under stones, ifec, in a salt marsh, 
but only took a few specimens, and cannot remember the exact 
locality : I believe, however, that it was in Wales, not far from Borth 
or Aberyetwith. 



STAPHYLINID^. 59 

Q. riparius, Kellner. Stett. Ent. Zeit. 1843, iv. 31. Fusiform, 
slender, black, the head and thorax being very shiny with a very faint 
tinge of green in certain lights, elytra with a slight bronze reflection, 
rarely bluish ; head sub-orbicular, e3'es large and rather projecting, 
antennse pitchy black, rather long and slender, second joint much 
shorter than the first and third, 4-7 much, 8-10 slightly, longer than 
broad, the last joint about one-third longer than the penultimate, the 
basal half of the second joint and the base of the following four or five 
joints testaceous ; elytra long, widest behind, somewhat dull owing to the 
rather dense punctuation and pvibescence; hind body iridescent, 
pubescent, the pubescence being thicker and paler at the base of each 
segment, and forming a triangular patch on either side (arranged 
much the same as the golden pubescence on the abdomen of Q. auricormis, 
Kies), all these parts being furnished with strong outstanding black 
setaj; legs pitchy -black, knees and tarsi lighter, the anterior tarsi 
strongly dilated in both sexes. 

Male with the last ventral segment plainly emarginate angularly at 
apex, with a smooth oblong space before the emargination. L. 6-7 mm. 

Taken sparingly at Porlock, Exmoor, by the late Mr. W. G. Blatch, 
and introduced by him as British (Ent. Mo. Mag. xxxii. (2 Ser. vii.), 
1896, 80). Beauly Castle, Inverness-shire (Chitty) ; Bovey Tracy, 
Devon (Keys) ; banks of R. Wye, Derbyshire (Kidson Taylor) ; Cusop 
Dingle, Herefordshire (Tomlin). Professor Beare and Mr. Donisthoi-pe 
found it in some numbers at Porlock in 1907. This species is very 
distinct ; it has been found in similar situations in the Alps and 
Pyi^enees and in the Thiiringer Wald in Germany, &c. Mulsant and 
Rey. compare it with Q. mesomelinus, from which it differs in its 
smaller size and larger eyes ; it comes near Q. maurorufus (both 
belonging to the Sanridns group), but may easily be distinguished 
from that species by its colour and pubescence. 

Q. kraatzii, Bris. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr., 1859, Bull. 231. Rather 
narrow, sub-fusiform, pitch-black with a slight bronze reflection, elytra 
dark pitchy-red, with the apical border light ; hind body slightly 
iridescent, pitchy, with the apex of the segments lighter, clothed with 
more or less close yellowish-white pubescence, which lies in thick patches 
on the sides of the segments; head sub-orbicular, narrower than the 
thorax, with four punctures on the front ; antennae rather long and 
scarcely thickened, dark with the base lighter, thorax about as long as 
broad, very shiny ; elytra a little longer than broad, about a third 
longer than the thorax, finely and thickly punctured and pubescent; 
hind body strongly narrowed to apex with long setse at the sides, and 
pubescent as above stated in patches on each side, which are very 
distinct if the insect is viewed from behind in a strong light ; legs 
testaceous with the tibiae and base of the tarsi darker, anterior tarsi 
dilated, postei-ior tarsi with the first joint about equal to the two 
following together. L. 5|-6| mm. Mr. Donisthorpe points out that 
the male, which was unknown, has the anterior tarsi more sti'ongly 



60 STAPHYLINID^. 

dilated than the female, and the sixth ventral segment of the abdomen 
strongly emarginate. 

Taken in some numbers at Chiddingfold, Surrey, and introduced 
as British by Mr. Donisthorpe (Ent. Record, x. 1898, 196). It has 
never been taken in any other part of Britain, but Mr. Donisthorpe 
found it in numbers last year (1910) in the old locality. The species is 
recorded by Mulsant and Rey from the Pyrenees, and is very rare. 
In form it is like Q. riparius, from which it may be known by its colour 
and by the four punctures on the forehead. 

Mr. Donisthorpe (Ent. Record, xi. 1899, 266) describes the larva of 
this species, which he says bears a very strong superficial resemblance 
to the perfect insect : 

"Head and prothorax horny; head of a yellowish-red, prothorax 
dark ruby-red ; mesothorax and metathorax of a less horny consis- 
tency, same colour as prothorax; abdomen soft, of a dirty blackish - 
brown colour above, grey beneath, legs and antennae yellow; head 
sub-quadrate, flat, smooth ; antennae four-jointed, the basal joints being 
the longest; third joint curved, and with a very small joint, or appen- 
dage, on its outer side near apex ; last joint small ; mandibles strong, 
curved and furnished with a large tooth in middle of inner side ; 
labrum transverse ; labium small ; labial palpi two-jointed, second 
joint very short and pointed ; maxillae cylindrical ; maxillary palpi two- 
jointed, second short and pointed ; prothorax transverse, almost as broad 
as head ; mesothorax and metathorax transverse, a little less broad than 
prothorax; abdomen nine-jointed, segments of about equal length, but 
getting gradually narrower to apex ; the terminal segment furnished 
with two long cerci, which are two-jointed and furnished with numerous 
simple setae ; anal appendage elongate and horny, used to assist pro- 
gression ; legs three-jointed. L. 6 mm." 

Considerable difficulty is sometimes found in separating Q. rufipes, 
Grav., and Q. aftemiatus, Gyll. : the following character, for which I am 
indebted to Mr. Newbery, will be found useful : 

I. First joint of posterior tarsi distinctly (one 

third) longer than the last joint . . . Q. rufipes, 6Vav. 

II, First joint of posterior tarsi subequal to the 

last joint ....... Q. attenuatus, G)/U. 

Q. obliteratus, Er. (Gen. et Spec. Staph., 519, 38). Elongate, 
fusiform, finely pubescent, black, with the palpi, the base of the 
antennae, the legs, the apical margins of the segments of the hind body, 
the suture, sides, and posterior margins of the elytra, and a humeral 
spot or streak yellow or reddish-yellow ; sometimes the elytra are 
entirely yellow, with the scutellary region and a broad streak extending 
therefrom and nearly reaching the apex, black ; head and thorax 
smooth, shining, the latter about as long as broad, narrowed in front, 
and a little narrower than the elytra at base ; elytra sub-quadrate, 
about as long as the thorax, finely and densely punctured, rather less 
plainly behind, iridescent; first joint of posterior tarsi scarcely longer 



STAPH YLINID.'E. Si 

than the next two together, and slightly longer than the last joint. 
L. o|-6J mm. 

Plymouth (Keys); St. Margaret's Bay, Plymouth (Beaumont); 
Bury, in wasps' nest (Tuck) ; Lee, Kent (Champion) ; Isle of Sheppey 
(Walker) ; Shirley, Surrey, and Gibside, Durham (Donisthorpe) ; Solway 
Firth, Cumberland (Britten) ; Birkdale (Chaster and Sopp) ; Here- 
fordshire (Tomlin) ; Wimbledon Common (Nicholson). This species, 
as Mr. Keys points out (Ent. Mo. Mag. xxxviii. (2 Ser. xiii.), 1902, 
147), can hardly be regarded as new to Britain, as it is enumerated by 
Mr. T. V. WoUaston in his " Note on the Coleoptera of the South of 
Ireland " (Zoologist, 1847, pp. 1570-6), and it is also ascribed to Great 
Britain, on the authority of Wollaston, by Fauvel in his Faune Gallo- 
Rhenane, vol. iii. p. 524 ; it has never, howevei', been recognised 
hitherto in our Bi'itish Catalogues. The species diflers considerably in 
size and colour ; it is, perhaps, most closely allied to Q. maurorufus, 
Grav., from which it may at once be known by its colour, average 
smaller size, rather wider elytra, &c. ; it is rather widely distributed in 
Western Europe from Norway and Sweden to Piedmont. 

PHILONTHUS, Curtis. 

P. intermedius, Boisd., var. donisthorpei, Dollman (Ent. Rec, 
1910, p. 295). In sculpture, size and colouration of head, thorax, and 
hind body, similar to the "type-form." In the colour of the elytra, 
which are of a bright vivid red (with a faint metallic-green reflection), 
the specimen depai-ts in a striking manner from the normal. The 
contrast between the bronze-green thorax and the clear red elytra 
makes this form a most beautiful and distinct one. 

Taken by Mr. Hereward Dollman, in company with many normal 
specimens, by sifting the refuse heaps in a farm-yard at Ditchling, 
Sussex, on August 30, 1910. 

P. concinnus, Grav., Micr. 21 ; P. ebeninus, var. minor, Er. (Gen. 
Spec. Staph. 461). This is the insect standing for the most pai^t under 
P. ebeninus, Grav., in our collections (Joy, Ent. Mo. Mag. xliv. (2 Ser. 
xix.), 1908, 51). The true P. ebeninus is larger (7|-8 mm.), and has the 
penultimate joints of the antennas distinctly less transverse, and the 
hind body less closely and finely punctui-ed. In P. ebeninus, the fine 
transverse impressed line at the base of the first three or four dorsal 
segments of the antennse is sharply angled backwaixls in the centre ; 
in P. concinnus it is quite straight, or, at most, slightly angled. 
L. 5-7 mm. Sometimes the legs are brownish testaceous ; this is the 
var. ochropus, Gr. 

There seems no particular reason why P. concinnus should not be 
regarded as a variety of P. ebeninus, but the Continental authorities seem 
to consider it a distinct species. P. ebeninus (the true form) appears to 
be a rare insect as British. Mr. Champion possesses it from Godalming 
and Sandown, Isle of Wight. P. corruscus, Grav., cannot, I think, be 
regarded as a distinct species from the true P. ebeninus, as there appear 
to be no structural diflerences between them. 



62 STAPHYLINID^. 

P. varians, Payk.,Mon. Staph. 45; var. agilis, Grav., Mon. 77. 
I have before (Brit. Col. ii., 273) said with regard to P. agilis that it 
comes exceedingly close to P. varians and might be mistaken for a 
rather small and narrow variety of that species ; in the European Cata- 
logue (1906) it is placed rightly, I believe, as a variety of P. varians. 



GABRIUS, Stephens. 

This genus is well distinguished by the tarsi being simple in both 
sexes, by the shape of the labial palpi, of which the last joint is evidently 
more slender than the preceding and somewhat subulate, and especially 
by the shape of the a-deagus, which apparently consists of a single lobe, 
but the inferior lobe forms a Y-like furca closely ap]ilied to the basal 
part of the superior lobe ; this character, which has been worked out 
by Dr. Sharp, distinguishes the genus of itself, for in Philonthus proper 
the inferior lobe never forms a furca ; it is, moreover, very variable in 
the genus (although quite constant in the separate species) and aftbrds 
a very good character for the determination of the species. Dr. Sharp 
tells me that he has dissected over one hundred specimens of P. nigri- 
tulus and that there is no variation. 

Philonthus thermarxmi., Aube, has been wrongly included in the genus 
Gahrius by Mulsant and Rey, Ganglbauer and others ; it has the tarsi 
dilated slightly even in the female. Our species are G. astutus, Er., 
vernalis, Grav., splendidulus,Gva,v., nigritulus, Gra.v., trossulus, Nordm., 
and six new species recently described by Dr. Sharp, viz. : stijjes, velox, 
pennatus, hishojn, key sianus, send apjjendiculatus. The group is certainly 
a very difficult one, but there can be no doubt that these are all distinct 
species, especially if the characters of the sedeagus are studied ; these 
are noticed below, except in the case of the three first mentioned species ; 
of these G. astutus has the appendage very long and slender, almost as 
long as the rest of the sedeagus, gradually tapering from base until a 
little before apex, where it is parallel-sided ; viewed laterally it is 
slightly curved and resembles a long bird's beak ; in G. vernalis the 
appendage is long, slender and pointed ; in G. splendidtdics, it is more 
closely allied to the G. nigy-itulus group, but is extended further behind 
the duct-exit and terminates in a larger and more developed apical 
portion ; laterally the whole appendage roughlj'^ resembles in outline 
the head and neck of a goose. 

The following table will serve to distinguish the species ; the 
greater part of it (from G. trossulus onwards) has been kindly drawn up 
for me by Dr. Joy, assisted by Dr. Sharp. 

I, Dorsal series of thorax each consisting 
of five punctures, 
i. Elytra shorter than thorax ; size 

larger. L. 6-7 mm. . . . G. vernalis, Grrav. 

ii. Elytra longer than or at least as long 

as thorax, size smaller. L. 5-5J mm. G. splendidulus, Grav, 



STAPHYLINID^. 



63 



IL Dorsal series of thorax each consist- 
ing of six punctures. 
i. Elytra very finely and thickly punc- 
tured ; size larger. L. 6-6^ mm.* . 
ii. Elytra comparatively coarsely punc- 
tured ; size smaller. L. 4-5 J mm. 

1. Elytra shorter than, and scarcely 
broader than thorax, legs testaceous 

2. Elytra longer and broader than 
thorax. 

A. Penultimate joints of the antennae 
strongly transverse ; first joint 
black ; head very broad ; femora 
dirty testaceous ; tibiae pitchy 

B. Penultimate joints of antennae not 
strongly transverse. 

a. Legs testaceous, tibiae at most a 
little darker ; first two joints of 
the antennae, and the palpi, 
testaceous or pitchy testaceous ; 
elytra generally brownish, 
a*. Size larger; form broader; head, 
even in female, scarcely longer 
than broad .... 

b*. Size smaller ; form narrower ; 
head in both sexes distinctly 
longer than broad, 
af. Form slightly longer in pro- 
portion to width ; aedeagus ex- 
posed in the male . 
bf. Form shorter in proportion 
to width ; aedeagus not exposed 
in the male .... 
b. Legs and palpi pitchy testaceous 
or pitchy ; elytra black, 
a*. Size larger, 
af. Form narrower and more elon- 
gate (like G. ])ennatus and G. 
velox), antennae longer and not 
thickened towards apex . 
bf. Form broader ; antennae 
shorter and distinctly thick- 
ened towards apex . 
b*. Size considerably smaller ; first 
joint of antennae black ; head 
about as broad as thorax, some- 
what rounded at the sides 
* The lengths given before (vol. ii. pp. 



G. ASTUTUS, Er. 



G. TROSSULUS, Nordm. 



Or. STIPES, Sharp. 



G. NiGRiTULUS, Grav. 

G. VELOX, Sharp. 
G. PENNATUS, Sharp. 



G. BiSHOPi, Sharp. 



G. KEYSiANUS, Sharp. 



G. APPENDicuLATUS, Sharp. 

274, 278) are too little. 



64 STAPHYLiNID^. 

G. trossulus, Nordm. Symb. 102. This species is very distinct 
and can be easily known by the short elytra; the head is large and 
broad and the antennse rather short, with the penultimate joints slightly 
transveise. The thorax is often pitchy; in the male the a;deagus 
ends in a very slender appendage like a cat's claw ; it is perfectly 
distinct and entirely difierent from the same organ in G. nigritulus. 
L. 5 mm. 

This is by no means a common species and very local. Dr. Joy 
records it from one locality only, in Berkshire. Mr. J. Taylor has 
taken it in the Isle of Wight, Dr. Sharp at Braemar. 1 had not 
a single specimen among those standing under the name in my 
collection. 

G. nigritulus, Grav., Micr. 41. This insect may be recognised 
bv its large size, broad head and long antennse, of which the penultimate 
joints sometimes appear to be longer than broad, and also by the light 
yellow palpi, legs and antennte; the elytra are often, but not always, 
brownish. The male characters are practically the same as in G. velox, 
which is described below. L. 5j-5-| mm. 

This is the commonest British sj^ecies ; it is found everywhere in 
grass heaps, &c., but is not confined to these. I have taken it in shingle 
almost below high -water mark at Branscombe, near Sidmouth, Devon. 

G. stipes, Sharp (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlvi. (2 Ser. xxi.), 1910, p. 129). 
This is a black-looking species, with the head large and broad, 
especially in the male ; it is about the size of G. trossulus, but is broader, 
and the elytra are exceptionally broad in proportion to the thorax ; it 
is distinguished from all its allies by the distinctly transverse penul- 
timate joint of the entirely black antennpe ; Dr. Joy says that the legs 
are rather intermediate in colour between the light- and dark-legged 
species, but in my specimens they are variable and in some are almost 
black ; the species may further be distinguished by the last ventral 
segment of the hind body being rounded and entire in the male ; in the 
other species it is more or less broadly emarginate ; the sedeagus has 
at the apex a soft appendage which is not reflexed or acuminate. 
L. 5-5^ mm. 

Very scarce, as far as is at present known : Plymouth (Keys) ; 
Mickleham (Champion) ; Cambridge (Sharp) ; Ryde, I. of AV. (Donis- 
thorpe). I have taken a small series in a grass heap in my garden at 
Earley, Reading, and Dr. Joy has obtained a good series by carefully 
searching among many hundreds of G. nigriUdus and G. pennatus from 
flood rubbish collected from Thatcham, Berks. 

G. pennatus. Sharp (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlvi. (2 Ser. xxi.), 1910, 
p. loO). This species is smaller and narrower than the three preceding, 
and has a pioportionately much narrower head ; the penultimate 
joints of the antennje are about as long as broad ; the base of the 
antennse, the legs and the palpi are testaceous; apart from its narrower 
form it is chiefly distinguished by the male characters, which are quite 
distinct from those of any other species ; in this sex the last ventral 



STAPHYLINID.^. 65 

segment of the hind body has a small but deep excision in the centre 
which is almost entirely filled Avith a transparent membrane; the 
jedeagus is furnished at its apex with a stout, abrupt, sharp and 
roughly pentagonal appendage. L. 4|- mm. 

Widely distributed in Britain ; Dr. Joy says it is almost as common 
as G. nigritzdus in the south of England. 

G. velox, Sharp (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlvi. (2 Ser. xxi.), 1910, p. 130). 
A narrow black species, with the base of the antennfe and the palpi 
testaceous ; the legs also are more or less testaceous ; the head is long and 
narrow ; the species is very similar externally to G. jjennatus, and the 
females are scarcely distinguishable, but the male characters are very 
difierent ; in G. velox the redeagus naturally projects between the two 
styles so that1;he form of its apex can be seen without dissection ; the 
last ventral segment of the hind body is furnished with a narrow deep 
excision, which is almost entirely filled with a transparent membrane ; 
the sedeagus is rather elongate, with the apex obtuse and furnished 
with a reflexed appendage, which is badly defined and is as it were 
merged into the front part of the a^deagus ; it is, however, distinct, 
if viewed laterally ; this organ is very like that of G. nigritulus, 
bvat the latter insect is distinctly longer and twice as broad as G. velox. 
L. 4| mm. 

Lymington (Sharp) ;. Oxford district (Walker) : apparently a rare 
species. 

G. keysianus, Sharp (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlvi. (2 Ser. xxi.) 1910, 
p. loO). This is one of the larger species and somewhat resembles G. 
stipes. It is, however, distinctly narrower; the head is narrower in 
proportion to the thorax ; the penultimate joints of the antennae are 
much less transverse, although they are slightly so, and the femora and 
elytra are darker ; it is a narrower species than G. nigritulus, and has 
darker and thicker antennae and darker legs, which are pitchy, with 
the tarsi reddish. In the male the last ventral segment has a broad 
excision which is in gi-eat part filled with a transparent membrane ; 
the fedeagus is remarkable, being elongate and transparent at apex, 
with the extreme apex subacuminate, but really very minutely bidentate. 
L. 5J mm. 

A scarce species : Devon, Slapton Ley (Keys and Champion), 
Cornwall, and Keriy, Ireland (Joy) ; Southport (Donisthorpe). 

G. appendiculatus, Sharp (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlvi. (2 Ser. xxi.) 1910, 
p. 131). Very similar to G. keysianus, but considerably smaller; deep 
black, with the base of the antennse and the palpi pitchy and the legs 
rufo-piceous, or almost black, with short, robust, reddish tarsi ; from 
G. pennatus it may be easily distinguished by its much dai-ker coloui-, 
broader head and shorter legs and antennae ; in the male the last ventral 
segment of the hind body has a deep excision, in great part filled with 
a transparent membrane ; the a?deagus is very remarkable, being shoi t 
and robust, Avith a broad, short and very hard reflexed appendage. 
L. 4| mm. 

E 



€6 STAPHYLINID^. 

Not common in England, but Dr. Joy says that he has found it by 
far the commonest member of the group in flood rubbish from Blair 
Athol and Dalwhinnie, Scotland. 

G. bishopi, Sharp (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlvi. (2 Ser.xxi.) 1910, p. 131). 
A narrow black species, with the base of the antennae and the palpi 
pitchy, and the legs testaceous; head narrow, oblong-ovate, thorax 
slightly narrowed in front ; elytra longer than the thorax, more fiuely 
punctured than the rest of the species above mentioned ; tarsi slender. 

This is the most nai^row and elongate species, and in size is a little 
shorter than G. kei/siantis. The antennae are long with the penultimate 
joints slightly longer than broad ; the elytra are exceptionally long in 
pi'oportion to the thorax ; it most closely resembles G. jiennatus, but is 
■distinctly larger and darker and has longer antennae ; it is also very 
like G. velox, but is a little broader, with slightly darker palpi, and has 
the punctuation of the elytra less impressed. 

The male characters are very distinct : in this sex the last ventral 
segment of the hind body has a deep excision in great part filled with 
transparent membrane ; the ajdeagus is long, with the apex hard, 
rounded, and almost bulbous. L. 5 mm. 

Scotland, very rare : Beattock and Thornhill (Bishop and Sharp) ; 
Bungay, Suffolk, one specimen from flood rubbish, December I'JIO 
(Joy) ; Oxford district (Walker). 

ACTOBIUS, Thomson. 
This genus has been divided by Ganglbauer (Die Kafer von Mittel- 
europa, ii. 414) into two, Actobins containing A. cinerascens and 
A. signaticornis, and Neohisnius including A. villosuliis, A. 2)^'Oce7-zchcs, 
and A. prolixus. He distinguishes the characters as follows : 

Second joint of the antennae thickened, as thick as the 
first and much thicker than the third. Epimera 
of the prosternum developed into membranous 
triangular lobes; metasternum without transverse 
raised line ........ Actobius. 

Second joint of the antennte not thickened. Epimera 
of the prosternum wanting; metasternum with a 
curved raised line Neobisnius. 

In the European catalogue of Heyden, Reitter and Weise, N. jyrolixus 
is regarded as a variety of N. proceruliis. I am inclined to think that 
this is the case, although Ganglbauer {I.e. p. 465) apparently regards 
them as distinct. 

XANTHOLINUS, Serville. 

X. cribripennis, Fauvel, Eaune gallo-rhenane, iii. 3i)0. Closely 

jillied to A', distans, but on the average largei', with a pronounced 

bronze reflection ; the head is more thickly punctured at the sides, and 

the thorax has the anterior angles more strongly rounded, and the 



STAPH-YLINID^. 67 

dorsal rows with from thirteen to fifteen punctures in each, those on 
the sides being twice as close and very irregular. The elytra are longer 
than in X. distans, and are considerably more finely and three times 
more closely punctured. L. 7-10 mm. 

Ireland : Donegal and Deny. 

The species was introduced as British by the Rev. W. F. Johnson 
and Mr. J. N. Halbert (Irish List, Proceedings of the Royal Irish 
Academy, 19(il, 656). The Irish specimens are on the average smaller 
than those which have been found on the Continent, and are probably 
a small race. The general colour of the insect seems to be lighter than 
in JC. distans, especially that of the elytra, and the head and thorax 
have a very noticeable greenish-bronze lustre. The bes^ distinction, 
however, is afforded by the punctuation, which is veiy evident on 
comparison of the species. 

The name A', angnstatus, Steph.. must be substituted for that of 
X. och7'aceus, Gyll., and A', longiventris, Heer., must be regarded as a 
variety of A", linearis, 01. 

LEPTACINUS, ErichsoA. 
Ij. linearis, Grav., appears to be only a variety of L. hatychrus, 
Gyll. The former is usually distinguished from the latter by its more 
slender form and smaller- size, the lesser number of punctures in the 
rows on the thoi'ax, and the entirely dark elytra ; but Ganglbauer points 
out that specimens are found which combine the colouring of 
L. hatychrus with the punctuation of L. linearis. L. batychrus, more- 
over, varies very much in size and punctuation. 

OTHIUS, Stephens. 
O.fulvipennis, F.. var. donisthorpei, Chitty (Ent. Record, xv., 
1903, 151). This insect differs from the type form in having the elytra 
concolorous with the thorax, and in being altogether somewhat darker 
and narrower ; the antennae are dark chocolate, brighter toward the tips, 
and the palpi are of the same colour, as also are the legs, the anterior 
tarsi being lighter. The only structural difference appears to be found 
in the fact that the punctures of the head are finer ; the pubescence 
and outstanding hairs entirely agree with the type. 

Taken by Mr. A. J. Chitty by digging at the roots of a large oak near 
Brockenhuvst, in the New Forest. 

IiATHROBIUM, Gravenhorst. 

Ij. elongatum, L., Syst. Nat. i. 2, 685, var. fraudulentum, 
Gangl., Kiif. der Mitteleurop., ii. 510 = var. nigriom, Joy (Ent. Mo. Mag. 
xlii. (2 Ser. xvii.), 1906, 271). In this variety the whole of the elytra 
are black, or show a very slight trace of pitchy colour at the apex. 

Slapton Ley, Devon (Joy). According to Ganglbauer this is a very 
rare variety on the Continent. 

Ii. laevipenne, Heer., Faun, Helv., i. 24:0, 14. Elongate and 



*'8 STAPHYLINID^. 

sublinear ; sparingly pubescent, shining black, with the elytra bright 
red, slightly darkened in the scutellary region ; antenna? and palpi red ; 
head subtx'iangular, a little broader than the thorax, sparingly setose at 
the sides, i-ather finely and sparingly punctured, almost smooth in the 
centre ; thorax oblong, subparallel, slightly nariower than the elytra, 
rather strongly and thickly punctured with a smooth central longi- 
tudinal line ; elytra a little longer than the thorax, somewhat strongly 
and sparingly punctured ; hind body shining, finely and thickly 
punctured ; legs reddish-testaceous, with the femora slightly darker. 
Male with the last ventral segment of the abdomen broadly impressed 
in the middle for its whole length, and broadly and angularly emarginate 
on its posterior margin, which is raised in a ridge in the centre, the 
emargination being bounded on each side by a large, sharp, projecting 
tooth, which is furnished with black cilia. L. 6 mm. 

Oxted, Surrey : one specimen taken by Mr. W. E. Sharp in a 
sandpit (v. Ent. Mo. Mag. xlii. (2 Ser. xvii.), 55) ; Lewisham, Gosfield, 
Manchester district (Tomlin). The localities given by Mr. Blatch for 
L. I'ufi'jjenne in the Midlands (see Col. Brit. Isles, ii. 300) all refer to 
this species. 

The formation of the last ventral segment of the male renders this 
insect quite a distinct species. L. Icevipenne is found very rarely in 
Bavaria and Switzerland, in mountainous districts vinder stones on the 
margins of streams ; it is, therefore, rather strange that it should occur 
in Surrey. 

Is. longipenne, Fairm. et Laboulb. (Faune Ent. Franc, i, 555). 
Dark bi-own, rather shiny ; antennae reddish, testaceous, as long as the 
head and thorax, third joint scarcely longer than the second, the rest 
almost moniliform, gradually and slightly diminishing in length ; head 
very slightly broader than the thorax, almost square behind the eyes, 
with the posterior angles strongly rounded ; thorax oblong, one and a 
half times as long as broad, with all the angles rounded, scarcely 
narrowed towards the base, strongly and not very closely punctured, 
with a rather broad, smooth central line ; elytra broader and a little 
longer than the thorax, rather strongly depressed at the suture, which 
is somewhat reddish, or they are entirely biick-red with a darker base ; 
the punctuation is finer than that of the thorax, and very difiuse ; hind 
body with very fine and close punctuation, narrower at base than the 
elytra, widened towards apex, fifth segment with a whitish apical border, 
sixth reddish at apex; legs pale reddish testaceous; anterior femora 
broad, with a rather strong tooth on their under side. L. 4 mm. 

Roydon, Essex, one specimen in a tuft of grass at the roots of a 
n-illow (Nicholson) ; Tubney, Oxon, one specimen under a plant of 
J'Jchinm vidgare in the middle of a dry, sandy field (Walker). Fairmaire 
<lescribed it from one specimen found by M. Brisout, at Bondy, France. 
There are two specimens in Dr. Sharp's collection at the Natural 
History Museum, which have red elytra, and exactly agree with Dr. 
Nicholson's specimen. Both by Ganglbauer and in the last Eui-opean 



STAPHYLINID^. 69 

catalogue this species is placed as a variety of L. longulum, and it 
perhaps ought to be so regarded. Fairmaii^e points out its great resem- 
blance to this species, bvit says it is larger, more shining, and with 
evidently longer elytra. 

The species was introduced as British by Dr. Nicholson (Ent. Kecord, 
xxii. 1910, 159). There are one or two slight errors in his translation 
of Fairmaire's description : the punctuation of the elytra is said to be 
finer and closer than that of the thorax, whereas Fairmaire says, " plus 
fine que celle du corselet et tres peu serree." 

L. dilutum, Er., Kiifer. Mark. Brandbg., i. 509. Of the same shape 
as L. longuhim, but somewhat larger, entirely brownish, testaceous, 
with the antennae, palpi, and legs yellowish-red ; head a little larger 
than in L. longulum, less strongly punctured, with the eyes plainly 
smaller; elytra, in the typical form, shorter than thorax. In the male 
the fifth and sixth ventral segments of the abdomen are very feebly 
channelled, and the sixth is rather broadly and triangularly emarginate 
at the apex. From L. jxiUidtcm it may be known by its smaller size, 
and the longer and more parallel-sided head, which is more finely and 
less diflusely punctured, and is much more narrowly rounded ofl' at the 
posterior angles of the temples ; the antennae, moreover, are much 
shorter and thicker, and the abrlomen is much less closely punctured, 
L. 4^^ mm. 

Loch Ericht, Inverness-shire, and River Truim, Dalwhinnie ; three 
specimens, 1909, Joy (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlv. (2 Ser. xx.), 268). 

ASTENUS, Steph. 

Astenus, Steph., 111. Brit., v. 275 (1832). 

&\i7iius, Er., Kaf. Mark. Brandeburg, i. 523 (1839). 

A. (Sunius) lyonessius, Joy (Ent. Mo. Mag. xliv. (2 Ser. xix.), 
1908, 177). Closely allied to ^4. angicstatus, Payk. (of which Joy at first 
believed it to be a variety), but slightly smaller, with the elytra shorter 
and distinctly narrower in proportion to the thorax (the insect is 
winged), and the punctuation closer and more rugose, so that they are 
duller ; the general colour is distinctly more fuscous, the thorax being 
sometimes reddish-brown ; the yellow on the elytra is not nearly so 
bright and is never so sharply defined as in S. angustatus ; the elytra 
vary in colour from being entirely dirty testaceous to having a narrow 
border of yellow, the rest of the elytra being fuscous. The commonest 
form has the elytra dirty testaceous, with a f viscous spot at the scutellum, 
and one in the middle of the outer margin of each elytron. 

Scilly Islands, Cornwall, apparently not uncommon (Joy) ; Sandown, 
Isle of Wight (Donisthorpe). 

This is evidently a good species and not a variety. Although the 
insect appears to be fairly common in the Scilly Islands, not a single 
specimen of *S'. angustatus was found in company with it. 



70 STAPHYLINID^. 

STENUS, Latreille. 

S. palposus, Zett., Ins. Lapp. 70, 6 ; S. argentellus, Thorns., Skand. 
Ool. ii. 222 ; S. bupthalmus, Gyll., Ins. Suec. iv. 475, 111 {nee Grav.) ; 
*S'. carhonarius, Er., Gen. et .Spec. Staph. 696, 11, Kraatz, Ins. 
Deutsch. ii. 570, 10 {nee Gyll). Elongate, depressed, dull black, 
rathei- thickly and coarsely pubescent ; head a little broader than 
thorax, almost as broad as the elytra, rather strongly and thickly 
punctured, with broad and shallow frontal furrows, the interval 
between these being only slightly convex ; antennae short, black, with 
a distinct three-jointed club, the last joint being short, oval and 
acuminate ; thorax strongly oblong, slightly convex, gently rounded at 
the sides, sparingly pubescent, thickly, strongly and subrugosely 
punctured, with a short, more or less obsolete, central furrow ; elytra 
subquadrate, about the length of the thorax, with thick silvery 
pubescence, forming whitish bands or spots on the sides of the disc, a 
noticeable spot being present near the apex of each ; shoulders rounded ; 
hind body parallel, scarcely narrowed behind, with somewhat thick 
silvery pubescence, rather finely and thickly punctui-ed, the five basal 
segments being transversely impressed and bearing fovir longitudinal 
keels ; underside and legs rather shiny black. L. 4-4| mm. 

Ireland : Lough Neagh distiict, between Toome and the mouth of 
the Ballindei^ry River ; one specimen (Johnson and Halbert, Irish List, 
p. 665) ; Co. Meath (Nicholson). The species is rare in Northern and 
Central Europe, and in France, near running streams, mostly in moun- 
tainous districts. The close ally of this species is *S'. hujithahinis, Grav. 
et Brit. Coll. {nee Gyll.) ; it may be distinguished from this insect by 
its larger size, difierent and stronger pubescence, shorter and stouter 
antennae, and closer and deeper punctuation. It has since been taken 
in some numbers on the shores of Lough Neagh. 

S. formicetorum, Mann., Bull. Mosc. 1893, p. 183. Of a leaden- 
black colour, with the head, thorax, and elytra with deep foveolate 
punctures, sparingly clothed with ashy pubescence ; hind body strongly, 
but less closely, punctured, without side margins. Closely allied to 
S. nigriUdus, Gyll., but much smaller, shorter, and with the punctures 
on the thorax and elytra much larger. Antennae and palpi entirely 
black, the former rather short, with the third joint very slightly longer 
than the fourth ; head with eyes about one and a half times as broad as 
the thorax, strongly and deeply punctured, with the foiehead broadly 
and obsoletely bisulcate ; thorax half the breadth of the elytra, rounded 
at the sides, even ; base and apex of about equal length ; elytra as long 
as thorax, even ; hind body rather short, gradually and slightly narroAved 
towards apex ; legs entirely black. Female with the sixth ventral 
segment of the hind body rounded at apex ; male characters apparently 
not known. L. 1^-2 mm. 

Ditchling, Sussex (H. C. DoUman), by sifting a faggot stack, 
August 2, 1910. Recorded by him as British in the Ent, Rec 1911, 



STAPHYLINID^. 71 

p. 9r>. Mr. Dollman points out that it is very nearly allied to aS'. crassvs^ 
Staph., from which it may be known by its much smaller size, different 
sculpture, and darker appearance, the shorter and more cordate thorax, 
the presence of a fovea near the base of the thorax, and the narrower 
elytra, the shoulders being much less prominent. The species was first 
described by Mannerheim from two specimens in a list of twenty-seven 
species, taken by him in nests of Formica rtrfa, during the summer cf 
18-12, in Finland. Wasmann gives North Siberia as a locality, and 
Ganglbauer records it as rarely found with F. rufa in North and Central 
Europe. More evidence is probably required before it can be con- 
sidered a regular inhabitant of ants' nests. • 

S. ossium, Steph., var. insularis, Joy (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlii.(2 Ser. 
xvii.), 5). This variety difiers from the type form in being decidedly 
smaller, narrower, and more shining ; the elytra especially are narrower 
in proportion to the thorax, and have the depressions much less marked ; 
the punctuation of the thorax, elytra, and hind body is not quite s-u 
thick ; and the femora have the ring of black less developed. L. 3 mm. 

Lundy Island (Joy). It certainly differs considerably from the 
type, and at first I was inclined to consider it a distinct species. 

BLEDIUS, Mannerheim. 

B. diota, Schiodte, Nat. Tidsskr. 186G, 14G; B. hinnnlus, Er. (?) 
Gen. Staph. 762. 

Dr. Sharp points out (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlvii. (2 Ser. xxii.), lilll, 
p. 34) that we have two species in our collections under B. bicornis, 
Crerm. One of these is the true B. bicornis, but the other is the ^\ diota 
of Schiodte, which probably is the same as the /i. hinnnlus of Erichson, 
although there seems some room for doubt on this point. The question 
is discussed at some length by Dr. Sharp. In the last European catalogues 
B. diota is placed as a synonym of B. tricornis, Herbst., with which 
insect it has nothing in common. 

B. diota may be easily separated from B. bicornis by the much paler 
colour of the elytra, and their more obsolete and sparing punctuation, 
and also by the form of the elevations on the head of the male. These, 
when viewed from the side, have in B. bicornis almost the form of short 
compressed horns ; in B. diota they have a greater extension in the 
longitudinal axis, so that they appear only as elevated laminje. In the 
female sex the cephalic lamina? are less elevated, and the distinctions 
greatly reduced, but in B. bico7'7iis the elevation in front is a little greater 
and more abrupt ; as, however, the development of the horns in the 
male is very variable, the best character will be found in the colour and 
sculpture of the elytra. The two species certainly look very distinct 
when compared side by side. 

Wells, Norfolk, in abundance (Brewer) ; recorded in the Ent. Mo. 
Mag. for 18G8, p. 201, as B. bicornis, from Cleethorpes, Lincolnshire 
(J. Kidson Taylor) ; also taken recently at Wells by Professor Beare, 
Mr. Donisthorpe, and Dr. Joy. 



72 STAPH YLINID.^. 

There has always been great confusion, both in Great Britain and on 
the Continent, with regard to B. ixdlipes and its alHes. Dr. Sharp has 
recently been studying the genus, and has added three species to the 
British list, two of which are new to science (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlvii. (2 
Ser. xxii.), 1911, 31-34). The synonymy in the last European catalogue, 
according to him, is entirely wrong, and may be disregarded. 

B. pallipes, Grav., Mon. 107 (Er. Gen. Staph. 772 ; Sharp, I.e. 
p. 31). Gravenhorst included several species under his B.. 2)aUi2Jes. 
Erichson, however, carefully described the right one as we i-egard it, 
and, as he had carefully examined Gravenhorst's series, we may accept 
his decision, and the insect ought perhaps to have his name assigned to 
it as the author. B. paUi2:ies appears to be widely distributed, but to be 
more abundant in the Midlands and South of England. I have taken 
it in the greatest profusion on the banks of the Severn, near Tewkesbury, 
as above recorded (ii. 368). 

B. annse, Sharp, I.e. p. 31. Black, with the antennae, palpi, and the 
legs (including the coxse) yellow ; thorax slightly transverse, sparingly 
and obsoletely punctured, strongly coriaceous, and very dull ; elytra 
evidently longer than the thorax, finely and closely punctured. L. A mm. 

"Closely allied to B. jjaUipes, but easily distinguished by the sculpture 
of the thorax and the shorter elytra. The coxfe are always clear yellow, 
and so are the antennae. The length of the elytra as compared with 
that of the thorax is four to three : in B. pallijyes it is three to two. The 
large punctures on the thorax are only slightly impressed, and are 
therefore more than usually indistinct, while the fine sculpture renders 
the surface rougher and more dull than in B. ^xoUi^Jes. The punctuation 
of the elytra is very similar in both. The thorax is abruptly narrowed 
behind, and the basal margin projects so that the hind angles are rect- 
angular, but immediately in front of the angle the outline of the thorax 
by its direction would form a strongly obtuse angle with the base if the 
short basal projection alluded to were removed. In B. pallipes the angle 
itself is less prominent, and the direction of the side in front of it is 
less oblique." The sexual characters are very diflerent from those of 
B. jxdlipes, but these have not yet been worked out. 

Banks of the Biver Nith near Thornhill, Dinnfries, in September 
1867, and July lOlO (Sharp); River Nethy, Moray, 1907 (Sharp); 
Pitlochry, 1910 (Joy); Dowles Brook, Severn Side, August 1, 1881 
(Harris in Col. Bates). 

B. filipes. Sharp (I.e. p. 32). Slender, with the base of the antennae 
and the legs yellow, the former being darker towards apex ; thorax not 
transverse, clo.sely and finely punctured, coriaceous, finely margined, 
with the posterior angles scarcely prominent, well marked, but ahuost 
obtuse ; elytra longer than the thorax in the propoition of five to three. 
L. 4 mm. 

This species. Dr. Sharp says, is really very distinct, though it has 
iiitherto apparently quite escaped detection. The tarsi are longer and 
more thread-like than in any of its allies, and the thorax is just about 



STAPH YLINID.E. 73 

as long as broad ; the elyti^a are considerabl}^ longer than the thorax. In 
the more slender specimens the greatest width of the body (i.e. the 
abdomen beyond the middle) is only ^ mm. : in the broadest examples 
it is just 1 mm. The punctuation of the elytra is very similar to that of 
B. jxdl'rpes, to which species it is most closely allied ; it is, however, 
much narrower, with more slender legs, and the thorax is not transverse. 
Overstrand, near Cromer, Norfolk, dug out from the nearly pei'pen- 
dicular clay clifls in numbers, June 1897 (Elliman) ; Mundesley (Elliott). 
B. fracticornis, Er. Dr. Sharp (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlvii. (2 Ser. 
xxii.) 1911, 57) discusses the question of B. fracticornis and its British 
allies. The group, he says, is distinguished by there being no open 
chink on the side of the prothorax, by the pronotum possessing a channel 
on the middle, and by the existence of a rather large delicate memlnane 
on the hind part of the fifth ventral segment in the male. B. fracticornis 
is the type of the genus Tadunus of Schiodte. In his genus Bargus (of 
which pallipes is the type), there is an open chink, over the coxse, on the 
prothorax, and the males do not have a membrane on the fifth ventral 
plate. B. fracticornis appears to be far from abundant in Britain. 
Dr. Sharp has only taken one specimen, at Hammersmith Marshes, 
April 16, 1863, but jNIr. de la Garde finds it at Bx-aunton, and 
Mr. Champion at Woking. Large examples of B. femoralis are apt to 
be contused with it, but the sexual characters of the two species are 
tlifterent, and B. fracticornis is rather larger and broader, and has clear 
yellow legs and antennse ; in this species, too, the hind margin of the 
fifth ventral plate terminates in the middle as a delicate white trans- 
parent membrane : in front this membrane joins the body of the plate 
in a vei'v evident curvilinear manner, and at the point of junction on 
the hind margin of the two tissues there is thus formed a very obtuse, 
but di.stinct, angle, which does not project as a tooth. 

After discussing as above the qvxestion of B. fracticornis, Dr. Sharp 
proceeds to comment upon two insects which he regards as probably new 
species, B. Icetior, Muls. et Rey, and B. sp. n. ? ; for the present, 
however, it seems best to consider them as varieties, although the foi-mer, 
at any rate, may very probably be given specific rank. As yet it is not quite 
clear whether Sharp's and Mulsant and Rey's insects are really identical. 
B. fracticornis, var. laetior, Muls. et Rey. We have in 
Britain, according to Dr. Sharp, what is considered to be a vai'iety of 
B. fracticornis, with red elytra; this, he believes, will prove to be the 
B. Icetior of Mulsant and Rey. All that is known about the species is 
a remark made by the French authors at the end of their description of 
B. fracticornis (Col. Fr. Brach. Oxyteliens, p. 151) : "The colour of the 
elytra ranges from black to pitchy red, and even to clear red, with the 
scutellary region very slightly darker. In this last-mentioned variety 
theie occurs a foi^m slightly smaller, with the posterior angle of the 
prothorax a little less rounded, and which has all the appearance of a 
distinct species [B. Iretior, nobis)." This description applies, Dr. Sharp 
says, perfectly to the insect under consideration, except as to size. The 



74 STAPHYLINID/E. 

Briti.sh insect is almost the same length as B. fracticornis,h\\t is slightly- 
broader ; it has thicker legs, the elytra are bright red, more or less 
blackish about the base and suture ; tlie thorax is broader, so as to be 
distinctly transverse, and the hind angles have not so completely dis- 
appeared. In the male, the membrane on the margin of the fifth ventral 
segment is less extensive, and there is no angle formed on the hind 
margin at its junction with the harder tissue. 

This variety was found in Yorkshii-e (Scarborough or neighbourhood) 
by W. Lawson ; four of the specimens are in Mr. Champion's and Dr. 
Sharp's collections. Dr. Sharp possesses two others, one taken in 
Hammersmith Marshes, May 2, 1868; and there is one in the collection 
of Mr. de la Garde, originally from the Crotch collection. 

B. fracticornis var. sharpi, var. nov. In the same article [I.e. 
p. 59), Dr. Sharp says that there is a male Bledhrs in Mr. Champion's collec- 
tion, belonging to this group, which he cannot reconcile with my descrip- 
tion. It is slightly larger than B.fracticorm.s, and has the elytra of a daik 
red colour. The tifth venti-al segment is abruptly and deeply emarginate, 
the emargination being longer and narrower than in the type B. fracti- 
cornis, or in var. ketior. Mr. Champion's specimen came from Dr. Power, 
and similar specimens in Dr. Power's collection are labelled as having 
been taken at Brentford. Dr. Sharp possesses a specimen which he doubt- 
fully records as from flood refuse on the banks of the Nith, near Thorn- 
hill, Dumfriesshirp, September 4, 1875. It is best to name the variety 
which may very likely be regarded in the future as a separate species, 
B. sharpi. In the Bates collection there is a long series of this insect, 
taken by Hai'ris, and labelled "Severn Side, August (1st, Monday), 1881." 

B. femoralis, Gyll. This species comes extremely close to /i./"r«c^i- 
cornis, but is on the average a little smaller, with the legs and base of 
the antennpe somewhat darker, and the male characters more pronounced, 
there being a veiy distinct tooth on each side of the fifth ventral segment 
at the junction of the membranous part with tiie harder part. The 
elytra vary from black to brown-red. This insect is much commoner 
than B . fracticornis in the South of England, but has not been recorded 
from the North. Until recently, it has been regarded as very rai'e indeed, 
but it has evidently been confused with B. fracticornis in collections. 

B. fuscipes. Rye (Ent. Mo. Mag. ii. 18G5, p. 154). Bargus ra.stellvs, 
Schiodte, Naturhist., Tidskr., 1S()6, p. 141). Dr. Sharp has examined a 
series of Schiiidte's insects from the Copenhagen Museum, and found 
them identical with the original examples of B. ftiscipes captured by 
himself and Mr. Rye on the shores of the Firth of Forth, near Aber- 
lady, in June 1805. The species has a wide range, occurring in the 
estuaries of the Mersey (Liverpool) and the Tor (N. Devon). The 
individuals from various localities differ somewhat in size and colour, 
but there is no real difference between them. A long series taken by 
Mr. Bishop and Dr. Sharp at Forres, in 1910, are rather smaller and 
darker, the legs being sometimes nearly black, and they have the thorax 
rather shorter. The Mersey specimens closely resemble these. In a 



STAPHYLINID^. 75 

long series taken by Mr. de la Garde at Braunton, Devon, the form is 
less robust, the size a little less, and the legs rather paler. 

B. terebrans, Schiodte, Naturhist. Tidskr. 1866, p. 149. This 
species is allied to B. 2xdU])efs, but is smaller, with the elytra much 
shorter, their length compared with that of the thorax being only seven 
to five ; they are, moreover, less densely but more coarsely punctured, 
and the antennte and front coxas are clear yellow in colour. 

Harburn, near Carstairs (Dr. Sharp) ; borders of the Truim, about 
two miles above Newtonmore (Mr. Bishop and Miss A. Sharp). Dr. Joy 
has found it at Birkdale, Southport, and Mr. Donisthorpe in some 
numbers at Chiddingfold, Surrey, in 1898. The insect agrees entirely 
with the examples of B. terebrans, Schiodte, in the Copenhagen Museum. 

B. denticoUis, Fauvel, Bull. Soc. Linn. Norm., 2 Ser. vi. 1870, 44. 
Veiy closely allied to B. opacics, from which it may be distinguished by 
the right-angled, projecting, tooth-like posterior angles of the thorax ; 
colour, black or pitchy, with the elytra pitchy-brown, or brown or more 
or less reddish (as in B. fevioralis), base of antennse and legs reddish ; 
head narrower than the thorax, finely shagreened and dull ; thorax 
scarcely narrower than the elytra, about as long as broad, very slightly 
rounded at the sides, narrowed behind, finely shagreened and dull, with 
shallow large punctures, and with a fine, but distinct, central furrow ; 
elytra longer than the thorax, moderately shiny, rather strongly and 
closely punctured, with fine and sparing pubescence ; hind body shining, 
very finely sculptured, with scattered punctures ; seventh ventral seg- 
ment in the male slightly emarginate on each side, somewhat more 
strongly produced in the middle in the female. L. 4-4^ mm. 

Nethy Bridge, Inverness-shire, Scotland (Bishop and Sharp) ; it 
appears to be found rarely on the Continent, in Central Europe and 
Finland, and also in the Caucasus and Siberia. 

The species is also allied to B. femoralis, Gyll., but is broader and 
more robust, and difiers in the shape of the thorax and the sculpture of 
the thorax and elytra. 

Dr. Sharp kindly gave me a specimen of this insect, which he had 
determined as B. denticoUis, some months before the description was 
published by Mr. Fryer in the Ent. Mo. Mag. 1909, p. 6. 

The following Table may help towards the determination of these 
difficult species. For the greater part of it I am indebted to Dr. Joy. 
It may be substituted for the corresponding portion of the Table of 
Bledius already given in vol. ii., p. 364. 

a*. Elytra black or pitchy black* ; punctuation 
of thorax fine, 
at. Mandibles slender ; first joint of antennae 
(except extreme apex) and palpi fuscous ; 

* The elytra are variable in B. dent'i colli -t , in the specimens I have seen they 
are pitchy or pitchy-black, but they may be brown or reddish-brown with blackish 
interspaces. 



76 



STAPHYLINID.i5. 



elytra more than 1| times as ',long as 
thorax ....... 

bf. Mandibles stout ; first joint of antennte 
and palpi testaceous, 
aj. Thorax as long as broad. 

aa. Tarsi very long and slender ; elytra 
rather more than 1| times as long 
as thoi^ax, rather finely and closely 
punctured ..... 

bb. Tarsi moderate ; elytra about 1^ 
times as long as thorax, rather 
strongly and difiusely punctured 
bj. Thorax transverse. 

aa. Thorax dull ; sides of thorax not 
angled but rovmded from a little 
behind middle, and sinuate just befoi'e 
posterior angles, which are strong and 
very prominent ; antennos dark, with 
base red ...... 

bb. Thorax quite dull ; sides distinctly 
angled behind the middle, and 
from thence more strongly narrowed 
towards the base ; sinuate just before 
posterior angles, which are prominent ; 
antennse yellow .... 

cc. Thorax somewhat shiny ; sides not 

strongly angled behind middle, less 

strongly narrowed towards the base, 

scarcely sinuate just before posterior 

angles, which are less prominent. 

aa*. Size larger ; club of antennsft 

narrower ; elytra 1^ times as 

long as thorax ; legs and apex of 

antennse testaceous 

bb*. Size smaller ; club of antennse 

broader ; elytra scarcely 1^ times 

as long as thorax ; legs and apex of 

antennse darker .... 



i^B. SUBTERRANEUS, Br. 



B. riLiPES, Sharp. 



B. TEREBRANS, ScModte. 



B. DENTICOLLIS, FciUV. 



B. ANN.i:, Sharp. 



B. PALLiPES, Grav. 



B. FUSCiPES, Rye. 



PLATYSTETHUS, Mannerheim. 
P. alutaceus, Thoms., Skand. Col. iii. 123. Very clo.sely allied 
to F. cornutas, with which it has been considered as synonymous by 
such authors as Erichson, Kraatz and Fairmaire, but now, apparently, 
considered as separated by the following characters : " Upper surface 
dull, finely but more distinctly alutaceous, especially the elytra ; 
elytra black with very shallow scattered punctures." In I', cornutas 
the upper surface is shining and very finely alutaceous, the elytra have 



STAPHYLINID^. 7T 

a more or less distinct testaceous patch on the disc, and very distinct 
scattered punctures ; in F. cornutus the sixth ventral segment of the 
abdomen of the male is gently sinuate, whereas in F. alntaceus it is 
less broadly sinuate, and the sinuation is terminated on each side by a 
small tooth. In both species the elytra are margined at the apex as 
well as along the suture. The colour of the elytra, as Mr. Champion 
points out, is perhaps variable in both insects and not to be relied on 
as a character. L. 3J-4 mm. 

Taken by Mr. Champion, who introduced the species as British (Ent. 
Mo. Mag. xxxiii. (2 Ser. viii.) 1897, 98), at Morden, Surrey, m 1869, 
and by Mr. Keys at Slapton Ley, Devon. Also at Sandown, Isle of 
Wight (J. Taylor) ; Sittingbourne (de la Garde) ; Chobham (Saunders) ; 
Oxford and New Forest (Walker) ; Woking (Champion) ; Hanwell 
(Donisthorpe) ; Pulborough, Sussex (Nicholson) ; Bradfield (Joy). The 
species is widely distributed in Europe, North Africa and Asia Minor. 

OXYTELUS, Gravenhorst. 

O. perrisi, Fauvel. Bull. Soc. Norm. vi. 1861, 42 (1861). In the 
Irish List, p. 672, the variety of 0. maritwius with yellowish elytra is 
recorded as the var. j^en'isi of 0. maritimus, Thorns., Skand. Col. iii. 131 
(1861) ; the elytra, however, in this species vary through several shades 
of colour from brownish or brownish-red to yellowish ; in the last 
European catalogue 0. maritimns is only regarded as a synonym of 
0. perrisi, and Ganglbauer is of the same opinion (Kaf. der 
Mitteleurop. ii. 640) ; the date in each case is 1861, but Fauvel's name 
appears to have the priority. 

O. saulcyi, Pand. Mat. Cat. Gren. 18G7, 172. Closely allied to 
0. tetracarinatus, from which it is distinguished by the externally 
emarginate apex of the anterior tibiae, the deeper fovese on the vertex, 
the shorter and more granulose elytra, the more shining and very 
sparingly punctured abdomen, and the male characters. It resembles 
0. fairmairei in the formation of the apex of the anterior tibiae, 
but difiers in having the fore parts a little more coarsely sculptured ; 
the hind body, moreover, is alutaceous and very finely and diffusely 
punctured, whereas in 0. fairmairei this part is not alutaceous, but is 
strongly and closely punctured. 

In the male the sixth ventral segment is produced in the middle of 
its hind boi"der into a short and broad transverse plate, at the base of 
which is a tubercle which is cai'inate behind ; the seventh ventral 
segment is broadly emarginate, and the centre of the emargination is 
feebly produced. L. lf-2 mm. 

Taken at Bradfield, Berks, in moles' nests by Dr. Joy who has 
introduced the species as British (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlvi. (2 Ser. xxi.) 
1910, 4); Cheshunt and Broxbourne (Nicholson); Isle of Grain, Kent, 
and Widley, Hants (Cameron) ; Coulsdon (Bedwell) ; Harrow (Doll- 
man). All the small examples of Oxytelus, which have been taken in 
moles' nests, and have mostly been referred to 0. fairmairei, most 



78 STAPHYLINID^. 

probably belong to this species ; the last-named insect appears to be 
an inhabitant of clung, altiiough, like many dung-feeders, it has been 
taken in moss, &c. 

TROGOLINUS, Sharp. 

Trogophloeus, cmct. subg. nov. TrogoUtvus, Sharp (Ent. Mo. Mag. 
xxxvi. (2 Ser. xi.), 1900, 281). Dr. Sharp characterises this sub- 
genus, which appears to deserve generic rank, as follows : "Antennae 
with none of the joints transverse ; head strongly constricted behind ; 
pronotum level, not distinctly impressed ; abdomen not acuminate, with 
the tifth segment equal in breadth to the second." The genus, when 
described by Dr. Sharp, included one species from Chili, two from New 
Zealand, and one from Plymouth, the latter being closely allied to one of 
the jSTew Zealand species, and perhaps having been originally imported, 
although it seems to have at any rate established itself as British. 

T. (Trogophloeus) anglicanus, Sharp (Ent. Mo. Mag., I.e. 232). 
Black, with the Mutennje and legs fuscous-red, depressed, very finely and 
thickly punctured, dull ; elytra much longer and broader than the 
thorax. L. 3 mm. 

Plymouth (J. H. Keys and Cameron). First discovered by Mr. 
Keys. 

"This insect," according to Dr. Sharp, "is about the size of 
T, arcuatus, but in nearly all other respects differs greatly from that 
species; the form is depi-essed, the surface densely and very finely 
punctate, and dull on account of this sculpture and the minute pubes- 
cence ; in these respects 7'. fm(/Zica.?ms reminds one of Caji2is ser iceus and 
other mai'itime species. The antennae are not much thicker towards 
the apex and the angles of the joints are more rounded than they 
are in the other species of TrogojyJihKUS ; they are dark in colour, but 
not black, the basal joint being rather darker than those following it. 
The head is narrower than the thorax, very finely punctured, a little 
depressed near the antennal tubercle, but the surface between the two 
tubercles is but little convex; the eyes are rather small, and do not 
extend to the back of the head, from which indeed they are separated 
by a considerable interval. The thorax is much narrower than the 
elytra, a good deal nairowed behind ; the front angles are remarkably 
rounded and broad, in fact, quite indistinct ; there is no transverse 
impression on the surface, but there is a distinct, though very slight, 
longitudinal elevation at the base in the middle. The elytra are one 
and a half times the length of the thorax, very flat, completely dull. 
The abdomen is remarkable for the extremely dense and fine punctua- 
tion and pubescence." 

Mr. Keys and Dr. Cameron took a fair series of the insect in k 
tidal creek near Plymouth at a locality more inland than Plymouth 
Sound ; there is no foreign shipping in it, and no ballast is allowed to 
be put out in the neighbourhood. Xo foreign vessel, as far as can be 
ascertained, has been in the creek for forty or fifty years. It is. 



STAPHYLINID.^. 79 

however, curious that the species is almost identical with T. unicolor from 
New Zealand. Subsequently taken by Mr. Donisthorpe (in 1908) at 
Bembridge and St. Helens, Isle of Wight. 

TROGOPHLCEUS, Mannerheim. 

T. subtilis, Er. This species rests as British upon a few rather 
doubtful examples, and no record of its capture has been recorded for 
many years ; it is a question, therefore, whether it ought not to be 
omitted from our lists. 

[Since the above was written Mr. Donisthorpe has recorded a 
specimen from the banks of the Derwent at Winlaton Mill (Ent. Bee. 
1909, p. 2;31). This specimen was confirmed by Capt. Sainte Claire 
Deville.] 

THINOBIUS, Kiesenwetter. 

T. bicolor, Joy (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlvii. (2 Ser. xxii.), 1911, 10). 
Closely resembling T. linearis, Kraatz, but differs in its distinctly 
broader and less parallel form, conspicuously longer antennse, moie 
transverse thorax, of which the angles are more distinct, longer and 
broader elytra and the finer punctuation of the upper parts. Head 
and thorax fuscous, or dark reddish-brown, elytra testaceous, hind body 
dark, upper surface very finely pubescent ; antennae testaceous, reaching 
to the apical third of the elytra; thorax distinctly narrower than the 
elytra, slightly contracted behind, very finely and closely punctured, 
shining ; elytra about twice as long as thorax, somewhat dull, verv 
finely and closely punctured ; hind body rather broad, more distinctly 
and less closely punctured than thorax and elytra ; legs testaceous, tibiae 
strongly widened in the centre. L. If mm. 

Three specimens taken on the banks of the Biver Truim, at Dal- 
whinnie, Inverness-shire, on May 1, 1910; they occurred in company 
with Uomalota (Atheta) frag His, under stones at the edge of the water. 

Dr. Joy (I.e. 11) says that apart from the broader and less parallel 
form and longer antennae, this species differs from 7\ linearis in 
having the head relatively broader and the fovea on each side of the 
vertex more distinct, the elytra of a brighter testaceous colour (especially 
in life) and broader in proportion to the thorax, and the legs more 
robust. 

T. pallidus, Newbery (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlv. (2 Ser. xx.) 1909, 4). 
A very narrow, flat, delicate, pale testaceous insect, with the antennie 
and legs pale yellow and the front of the head and more or less of the 
abdomen infuscate ; antennae longer than the head and thorax together, 
submoniliform, joint four very small, five globular, six a little shorter 
than five and seven, slightly transverse, seven to ten almost globular, 
but gradually larger, eleven subcylindrical, obtusely rounded at apex ; 
head large, with the eyes not prominent ; thorax subquadrate or 
slightly transverse, widest just behind the anterior angles and from 
thence very gradually narrowed to base, very closely sculptured ; elytra 
nearly twice as long as thorax, longer than broad, dull, very finely 



80 STAPHYLINID^. 

alutaceous, with three short projecting bristles on each side (in fresh 
specimens) ; hind body linear, parallel, very closely punctured at the 
base, less closely at apex, shiny ; apez of sixth segment with fine black 
setse. L. 1§ mm. 

Great Salkeld, Cumberland (Britten) : taken very sparingly, both in 
spring and autumn, under stones on a gravel bed, at the side of a 
stream . 

This species may be known from our other British species by the 
colour and the structure of the antennse ; it seems to be very distinct, 
and superficially is quite unlike either of our other species. 

The list of our species as at present constituted appears to be as 
follows : 

T. angustlceps, Fauv. 

major Fauv., nee Kraatz. 
T. linearis, Ki-aatz. 

? var. hrunneijjennis, Kraatz. 
T. hicolor, Joy. 
T. jjallichis, Newbery. 
T. longipennis, Heei'. 
T. hrevipennis, Kies. 

T. angusticeps, Fauv. [major Fauv., nee Kraatz) is especially recorded 
from England by Ganglbauer ; T. hrunneijjennis, Kraatz, which is in- 
cluded in our catalogues, is evidently regarded as doubtful by Continental 
authorities, and must at most be regarded as a variety of T. linearis. 

LESTEVA, Latreille. 
I., fontinalis, Kies. (Stett. Ent. Zeit. 1850, 222). Ganglbauer, 
Die Kafer. Mitteleurop., ii. 713. Black, rather strongly shining, 
moderately thickly pubescent, with the legs and antennje brownish - 
red ; as in the other species of Lesteva examples occur that are entirely 
reddish or reddish -brown, the colour being not fully developed, although 
they appear to be mature ; head finely and thickly punctured, with two 
broad fi-ontal furrows which are deepened in front ; thorax longer and 
more convex than in L. p)uhescens, to which species it is closely allied, 
and a little less strongly rounded and widened at the sides before the 
middle, shining ; the punctuation is fine and moderately dense, but 
much less dense than in the last-named species. Elytra longer and 
more convex than in L. pubescens, finely and thickly punctured and 
more strongly than the thorax ; in the male (according to Ganglbauer) 
straight behind, in the female somewhat obliquely truncate at the 
suture; hind body extremely closely punctured. The first joint of the 
posterior tarsi is a little longer than the two following united ; in 
L. puhescen:: it is about equal to the three following united. L. 4 mm. 
Amongst wet moss on the face of the cliffs at Shaldon, Devon ; three 
specimens taken by Mr. P. de la Garde (Feb. 1908, and March I'JIO), 
in company with L. jy^'hescens and L. punctata. 



STAPH YLINID.^. 81 

This species was introduced as British by Mr. E. A. Newbery 
(Ent. Mo. Mag. xlvi. (2 Ser. sxi.) 1910, 109); the chief distinguishiog 
characters lie in the less strong pubescence and less close punctuation, 
which render it a mucli less dull insect, the head and thorax being 
conspicuously shiny. 

Sandown, I. of W. (Champion) ; Luccombe Chine and Chiddingfold,. 
Surrey (Donisthorpe) ; Crowcombej Somerset (Nicholson) ; Kew 
(DoUman). 

L. sharpi. Rye, appears to be synonymous with L. monticola, 
Kies., and L. sicula, Er., is apparently only found in Sicily, our insect 
being L. heeri, Fauv. 

OLOPHRUM, Erichson. 

O. assimile, Payk. (Faun. Suec. iii. 409). Reddish-yellow-brown,, 
rather shining, with the hind body above and below darker ; head 
rather strongly and thickly punctured, last joint of the antennse finely 
pointed ; thorax about half as broad again as long, rounded at the 
sides, with bluntly rounded basal angles, disc coarsely and thickly 
punctured, side margins flattened and with a furrow in the middle; 
elytra about half as long again as the thorax and somewhat more 
coarsely, but not less thickly punctured. L. 3^-4 mm. 

Taken in some numbers by Professor Hudson Beare and Mr. 
Donisthorpe in flood refuse on the banks of the river Spey, near Nethy 
Bridge, during the second and third weeks of September 1908 (Ent. 
Record, vol. xx. (1908) 255). The species appears to be widely 
distributed in Northern and Central Europe. 

This species appears to be on the average of i-ather smaller size than 
our other four species; from 0. consimile, Gyll., it may be known by 
having the sides of the thorax completely I'ounded and not slightly 
sinuate behind the middle, and from O.piceum, Gjdl., and 0. fiisctim, 
Grav., by having the posterior angles of the thorax bluntly angled and 
only rounded at their extreme apex. 

O. nicholsoni, Donisthorpe (Ent. Record, 1910, p. 139). 
Shining reddish testaceous, occasionally darker with elytra red. 
Depressed and somewhat parallel-sided. Head triangular, red with 
two black spots or blotches in front of ocelli, finely and distinctly but 
variably punctured ; antennae testaceous, slightly thickened at apex, first 
joint elongate, third longer than second, 4-10 not tran verse, 11 about 
twice as long as 10, joints 7-9 being the shortest. Palpi long, darker 
than antennifi, the second joint being the longest, last joint pointed, 
about twice as long as third. Thorax transverse, 1^ times as broad as 
long, slightly more narrowed in front than behind, posterior angles 
rounded, finely and distinctly punctured, with a bare oblong spot on 
disc. Elytra parallel-sided, 2| times as long as thorax, finely and 
distinctly but difiusely punctured, the punctures arranged more or 
less in rows. Punctures on scutellum variable. Hind body alu- 
taceous, with a few very fine scattered punctures. Legs testaceous, 

P 



82 STAPHYLINID^. 

under-side testaceous, metathorax smooth and almost impunctate, 
abdomen alutaceous, reflexed margin of elytra finely punctured. 
L. 4-4| mm. 

It comes nearest to O.fuscum, Grav., from which species it may be 
at once known by its more parallel shape, and more fine, distinct but 
diffuse punctuation, and lighter colour. The under-side is also much 
less punctured. The thorax is considerably less transverse, and is more 
narrowed in front. It is a brighter insect than either fvscinn or 
piceum, Gyll., the latter species being larger, broader, more convex, 
more strongly punctured, and with thicker antennte and palpi. 

Taken under sedge-stack refuse in Wicken Fen by Mr. Donisthorpe 
and Dr. Nicholson, and subsequently in some numbei-s by Mr. Here- 
ward Dollman, some fifty specimens being taken in all. It is 
remarkable that such a distinct species should not have been detected 
before. 

ORO CHARES, Kraatz. 
Orochares, Kraatz (Naturgeschichte der Ins. Deutsch, ii. 955). 
This genus was founded by Kraatz for the reception of the species 
described below, which is the Deliphrum angustatum of Erich son. The 
genus is very closely allied to Delijyhritjin, Er., and scarcely differs from 
it except in having one of the mandibles toothed in the middle, and in 
the general shape of the head and thorax. It is also allied to Arpedmm, 
Er., in one or two points, but has a different facies. 

O. angustatus, Er. (Gen. et Spec. Staph. 874). Of rather slender 
build, black, shining, with the elytra fuscous or f usco-testaceous ; head 
long, produced before the eyes, with two distinct and deep roundish 
impressions between the eyes, and a transverse furrow in front of these ; 
antennae long and slender, gradually but not strongly thickened towards 
the apex, blunt, with the base reddish-testaceous ; thorax not much 
broader than the head, but much narrower than the elytra, about as 
broad as, or a little broader than long, truncate before and behind, 
with the sides slightly rounded and all the angles obtuse and sub- 
rotundate, sparingly and very finely punctured ; scutellum distinctly 
impressed ; elytra more than double as long as thorax, somewhat 
depressed, ratlaer thickly and finely, but distinctly, punctured, the 
punctures being more or less plainly arranged in rows, at all events in 
•certain parts, extreme apical margin light testaceous ; legs testaceous or 
reddish-testaceous ; abdomen very shiny, smooth, and scarcely visibly 
punctured, with the apex acuminate. L. 3| mm. 

Leverstock Green, Herts. : one specimen taken by Mr. Piffard 
hibernating in November at the roots of rushes in a disused clay pit. 
Dr. Joy has also taken it near Bradfield. It has been recorded from 
Germany and France, but appears to be very I'are. Fauvel (Favme 
Gallo-Rhenane, Staph, p. 100) says it is found in dung and in i-otten 
vegetables, and also on flowers, on plains, and on mountains from 
November to early spring. Ganglbauer also records it from North 



STAPHYLINID^. - 83 

America. M. Bondroit has recently recorded the species as abun- 
dant in the winter in Belgium, always in beetroot fields, under the 
decaying leaves. 

HOMALIUM, Gravenhorst. 

H. caesum, Grav., Mon. 209, var. tricolor, Muls. et Eey 
(Omaliens, p. 218, 1880). This is the 0. nigriceps of our collections. It is, 
however, only a colour variety of 0. cfesum. I have before (Brit. Col. ii. 
415) referred to it as a very unsatisfactory species, and as probably 
only a variety. 0. nigriceps, Kies., is quite a distinct insect from 
0. ccesicm, having the head less rugo.se, the elytra shorter, the antennae 
longer, etc. Mr. Champion (Ent. Mo. Mag. xxxiv. (2 Ser. ix.) 1898, 17) 
has pointed this out and says further that the real 0. nigriceps is a 
mountain species found in the Auvergne, Vosges, Pyrenees, <fec., while 
0. tricolor is generally distributed in France as well as in Great 
Britain. 0. nigriceps, Kies., must therefore be erased from our lists. 

H. caesum, var. subruficorne, Bagnall. This variety differs 
from the type in having the antenna^ pitchy black with the five basal 
joints of a clearly defined rufo-testaceous colour, whereas in the type 
form the antennie are entirely reddish, with the base very slightly 
lighter or darker. Mr. Bagnall (Ent. Record xviii. 1906, 72) says that 
among hosts of II. casum examined only three or four examples 
occurred, and there were no intermediate forms. According to Mr. 
Donisthorpe the insect recorded by the Rev. Theodore Wood from 
Rannoch as II. monilicorne, Gyll. (Ent. Mo. Mag. xv. (2 Ser. xl.) 
1904, 260) must be i-eferred to this variety. The in.sect was found at 
Gibside in October 1905, in rotten Poh/j^orus. 

H. foraminosum, Makl. (Bull. Soc. Imp. Mosc. ii. 321, 1852); 
H. bi^evicolle, Thorns., Opusc. x. 1033. Dr. Joy (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlv. 
(2 Ser. XX.), 1909, 103) records the capture of this beetle, and gives 
the following description : " Black, shining, base of antennje pitchy, 
legs pitchy-testaceous. Head with two strong roundish impressions 
between the eyes, strongly and closely punctured at the base, more 
finely and difl\isely in front. Thorax strongly ti-ansverse, broadest at 
the anterior angles, which are rounded, sides rather strongly contracted 
almost in a straight line to the posterior angles, which are sharp right 
angles ; moderately strongly and closely punctured ; disc with two 
deep longitudinal impressions. Elytra broader than thorax and about 
twice as long, slightly broadened behind, strongly, very closely and 
rugosely punctured. Hind body dull, extremely finely punctured." 
L. 2-2|^ mm. 

Great Salkeld, Penrith (Britten) ; Rannoch and Thornhill (Dr. 
Sharp). 

The species comes nearest, in the British list, to 0. exiguum, Gyll., 
but is larger, and has the thorax much more strongly narrowed behind 
and the elytra more .strongly, closely and rugosely punctured. 



84 STAPHYLINID^. 

PROTEINUS, Latreille. 

P. limbatus, Makl. (Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Mosc, 1852, ii. 323). 
P.crenulat'us, Pand. (Mat. Cat. Gren., 1867, 169). P.mdklini, Fauv. (Bull. 
Soc. Ent. Fr., 1868, 494). Allied to F. brachyptems, F., but blacker, 
and more shining, with the base of the antenna? darker, and the thorax 
narrower ; in the male the basal joint of the anterior tarsus is dilated 
and elongate, as long as the other four joints taken together; the 
middle tiloia is slightly curved, and its inner margin is armed along the 
anterior edge with a series of distinct crenulations. Dr. Sharp, who 
hasi-ecently introduced the species as British (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlv. (2Ser. 
XX.) 1909, 268), says that it differs from its allies, inasmuch as the male 
patella is formed by the elongation of the basal joint, whereas in P. hrevi- 
collis the basal two joints are involved, and in P. hrcicliyjiterus the 
patella is altogether smaller. The greatly elongated first joint of the 
anterior tarsus is the principal distinguishing character. L. 1^ mm. 

Nethy Bridge, Scotland ; two specimens in 1906, and two in 1907. 
The nomenclature of the species is doubtful. T have followed the 
latest European catalogue, but probably the name should stand as 
P. creymlatus, as the characters of the typical P. limhatus appear not to 
have been satisfactorily defined. 

MICROPEPLUS, Latreille. 

I have previously (Vol. ii., p. 217) included the Micropeplidse under 
the Clavicornia, and placed them between the Histeridse iOnthopMlus) 
and Nitidulida^, and I still think that it is doubtful whether their 
affinities are not rather towards the last-named family than to the 
Staphylinidpe ; as, however, they are placed under the Staphylinidse by 
Ganglbauer, Sharp, and other leading authorities, it is best to retain 
them in this position. The larva of Micropeplus is very peculiar, but, 
as Ganglbauer points out, it bears an analogy to that of Syntomiuvi, and 
the formation of the ninth segment agrees rather with that of a Staphy- 
linid than a Nitidulid larva. The formation of the anterior coxaj agrees 
with that of Proteinus, and the antennfe, with their knobbed three- 
jointed club (which has chiefly brought about the idea that the genus 
should be placed with the Nitidulida^), are not considered by Ganglbauer 
to differ fundamentally from those of the other Staphylinidfe, except in 
the fact that the three vertical joints are soldered together in this 
formation. It must, however, be admitted that the general appearance 
is rather Nitidulid than Staphylinid. 

The members of the genus are almost entirely of northern distribu- 
tion in both hemispheres ; and Dr. Sharp, in describing one from 
Guatemala, expresses his surprise at a species having been discovered so 
far south. 

M. cselatus, Er. (Kiif. Mark. Brand., i. G47 ; Gen. Spec. Staph. 
912). Closely allied to M. porcatus, F., but shorter, broader, more 
convex, and more shining, and further distinguished by having the head 



SILPHID^. 85 

more coarsely sculptured, without a central furrow, but as a rule with a 
plain, though minute, keel on the vertex ; black ; antennae (except club) 
and legs testaceous ; central portion of thorax very rough, with the 
three basal impressions indistinct, and the middle impression on the 
disc shallow ; sides of thorax plainly less angled than in M. liorcatus ; 
elytra with five raised lines on each, interstices deeply and rather closely 
punctured ; first three visible segments of abdomen divided into deep 
squares and longitudinal ribs, the fourth segment strongly rugose, with 
the ribs only indicated at base, distinctly shorter than in M. forcatus. 
L. l|-2 mm. 

Taken by Joy and Tomlin at the end of April 1909, in marshy 
ground, near Cloghane, co. Kerry, Ireland (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlv. (2 Ser. 
XX.) 1909, 149). Dr. Joy is right in saying that the length of M. porcatus 
should rather be 2^-2^ mm. than 2 mm., as I have before stated (Brit. 
Col. iii., 218). 

SILPHID^. 

CLAMBUS, Fischer. 
C. punctulum, Beck (Beitr. Baier. Ins. Faun. 1817, 8. p. i. f. 4). 

According to Ganglbauer (Kaf. Mitt. Europ. iii. 259), this insect only 
diflers from C. minutus, Sturm., in size, and he says that the difterence 
of size in the length of the last joint of the antenna? as stated by 
Reitter (in minutus much longer than broad, in 'j^unctulum as long as 
broad) is not confirmed by his experience ; Donisthorpe, however, who 
has reintroduced the species recently as British (Ent. Record, xx. 
1908, 293) on the authority of a specimen taken at Chattenden, Kent, 
says that the antennae of his insect are as described by Reitter. I 
have felt very doubtful as to whether the insect is more than a small 
variety of C. minutus, but the antennal character is apparently to be 
depended upon. Britten and Newbery have lately gone into the question 
(Ent. Mo. Mag. xlv. (2 Ser. xx.), 1909, p. 250) and have distinguished 
the species as follows : 

C. minutus, Sturm. Last ventral abdominal segment distinctly 
more rugose than the preceding segments ; pubescence of abdomen 
longer and more thickly placed in middle of apex of last segment. 
Apex of elytra somewhat pointed ; upper side thinly covered with 
moderately strong pubescence, which is more thickly placed on the 
head. Colour of disc of elytra usually lighter (brown). Size larger. 
L. 1-lJ mm. 

C. punctulum, Beck. Last ventral abdominal segment alutaceous, 
but not more rugose than the preceding segments ; pubescence of 
abdomen shorter, not more thickly placed in middle of apex of last 
segment. Apex of elytra very bluntly rounded ; upper side more 
closely covered with short pubescence which is much more thickly 
placed on the head ; colour of disc of elytra usually darker (black). 
Size smaller. L. |-| mm. 



86 SILPHID^]. 

G. punctulum has occurred at Highgate ; Guildford, Woking and 
Ashstead, Surrey; Cobham, Kent; Soham, Cambs, 

In any case C. minutus and C. punctulum are extremely closely 
allied ; they both have the upper side smooth and shining and may by 
this character be distinguished from C. armadillo and C. puhescens, in 
which the upper side is alutaceous. 

AGATHIDIUM, Illiger. 

A. badium, Er. (Naturg. der. Ins. Deutsch. iii. 98) ; A» 
orbiculatum, var. b. Gyll. (Ins. Suec. ii. 574). Very closely allied 
to A. seminulum, L., but on the whole of a lighter brownish-red colour, 
the head and thorax smooth and shining, with a scarcely perceptible 
reticulation, even under a high magnifying power ; elytra with much 
weaker sutural stiia?, which are very shallow or obsolete towards the 
middle, and often only noticeable more or less towards the apex ; 
metasternum with less strong and much shortened lateral lines ; hind 
femora of the male with a very sharp-edged apical angle, forming a 
broad three-cornered tooth ; the third joint of the antennae is about 
half as long again as the second, and as long as the three following 
joints taken together. L. 2-2^ mm. 

Pattendale, Lake Ullswatei' ; taken vinder bark by Dr. Chaster in 
September IDUS, and recorded by him as British (Ent. Record, xvi. 
1904, 18); Gibside, Durham, not uncommon (Bagnall and Donisthorpe) ; 
Cumberland (Britten). 

ANISOTOMA, Illiger. 

A. humeralis, F. (Ent. Syst. i. 1792, 79), var. globosa, Payk. 
(In. Suec. i. 70, iii. 437 ; Ent. Mo. Mag. x. 1874, 84). This variety has 
the shoulders of the elytra ferruginous or yellowish-brown, darker, or 
more or less blackish at the suture and apex, with the dark coloui- of 
the thorax often resolved into two spots. 

In the var. davipes, Herbst., the body is entirely reddish with the 
shoulders rather lighter. Rye believed this insect to be merely an 
immature example of the species, bv;t this applies equally Vv^ell to the 
var. globosa, Payk. 

LIODES, Latreille. 

L. anglica, Rye (Ent. Mo. Mag. x., 1874, 135) has been for a long 
time i^egarded as a variety of L. cinnamomea, Panz., and as such is 
included vmder the last-named species in the Eviropean catalogue of 
190G. Dr. Joy (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlv. (2 Ser. xx.) 1909, 219) contests 
this, and says that the general shape is quite different, A. anglica being 
shorter and having less parallel-sided elytra, and being more like 
L. lucens than L. cinnamomea : the thorax, moreover, in L. anglica is 
more strongly contracted in front and is broader at the centre (and not 
behind as in the last-named insect) and the posterior angles are sharper. 
In L. cinnamomea the club of the antennae is always quite black, while 
in L. anglica it is at most very slightly darker than the basal portion. 



SILPHID^. 87 

The male characters also difier, the male organ in the latter insect 
being much more slender than in the former, and being parallel-sided, 
whereas in L. cinnamomea it is slightly conical in shape, being broadest 
at the base. Taking all the characters into consideration it would seem 
that L. anglica ought to be regarded as a good species. 

Ij. lucens, Fairm. (Ann. Soc. Ent. Franc. 1855^ Ixxvi. ; Jacq. 
Duval Gen. Col. d'Eur. i. pi. 36, f. 179 .t 11%). Mr. Champion 
(Ent. Mo. Mag. xli. (2 Ser. xvi.) 1905, 198) points out that the insect 
somewhat doubtfully introduced into the British list under the name of 
L. ohlomja, Er., is really to be referred to L. lucens, Fairm. It belongs 
to a different section of the genus, and is separable from the members 
of the L. cinnamomea group by the short row of punctures at the base 
of the ninth elytral interstice, and the peculiar character of the armature 
of the posterior femora of the male ; this is well shown by Jacquelin 
Duval {I.e. supra) ; the apical tooth is obtuse instead of being sharply 
hooked, and the median tooth is very large and angular. It has- 
occurred at Farnham (Champion) ; Shiei'e, Surrey (Capron) ; Bradfield 
and Wellington College (Joy); Woodhay in some numbers (DonLsthorpe). 

In the last European catalogue L. grandis, Fairm., is given as a 
synomym of L. cmnamomea, Panz., while L. anglica, Rye, and L. oblonga, 
Er., are regarded as A^arieties of that species. Ganglbauer regards- 
L. oblonga, Er., as a separate species and further appears to be inclined 
to think that L. grandis, Fairm., and L, anglica. Rye, are distinct 
inter se and from L. cinnamomea (Kiif. der Mitteleurop. iii. 213). In 
any case we do not appear to possess ohlonga as British. As a matter 
of fact we have hardly, as yet, material enough to settle the question. 

L. davidiana, Joy (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlvii. (2 Ser. xxii.) 1911, 11). 
Allied to L. dabia, Kug., but broader and more convex, the antennse 
shorter, the head more strongly punctured, the thorax broadest at the 
base, the scutellum much larger, and the stri?e of the elytra more finely 
and closely punctured, the thii-d being distinctly sinuate in the centre. 
Oval, strongly convex, ferruginous, head and thorax darker, often 
fuscous ; head rather strongly punctuied, antennfe rather short, tes- 
taceous, with the club fuscous, the latter rather narrow, with the last 
joint about as broad as the penultimate ; thorax broadest at the base 
(and not before it as in L. dAibia), finely and moderately difl:useiy 
punctured ; scutellum large, thickly and strongly punctured ; elytra 
rather short, rounded at the sides ; strite with fine and very closely set 
punctures, third stria distinctly sinuate outwards in the middle, fourth 
stria sometimes very slightly sinuate, first stria not reaching the base, 
but ending at the side of the scutellum about 5- to | from its base, 
instei'stices distinctly and not very finely punctured ; legs testaceous, 
tibias strongly widened towards apex. 

Male with the posterior femora furnished at apex with a small 
blunt tooth ; posterior tibi;e very feebly bisinuate, rather strongly 
curved inwards at apex. L. 2^ to 3 mm. 

Southport, Deal and Llancillo, and probably fairly generally dis- 



88 SILPHID.E. 

tributed in England (Joy). Dr. Joy has found two specimens in the 
late Mr. Gurney's collection, now in my possession, but unfortunately 
no locality is attached. 

Dr. Joy points out that in L. dubia the thorax is distinctly narrowed 
before the base, the scutellum is much smaller than in L. dccvidiana, 
■Sind the first stria reaches the base of the elytra at some distance from 
the scutellum. In the shape of the thorax L. davidiana resembles 
L. scita and L. ovcdis, but the former has longer antennae, a smaller 
scutellum, much less closely punctured strise and the third to fifth 
strife strongly sinuate. L. ovalis is rather longer, with much longer 
antenna?, the third stria of the elytra straight, and the interstices more 
finely punctured.* 

L. algirica, Rye (Ent. Mo. Mag. xii. 1875, p. 151). A specimen 
taken in a sandpit at Cumnor, near Oxford, by Messrs. Collins and 
Donisthorpe, was named as above by Dr. A. Fleischer. It was unfor- 
tunately a female, but may be known from small pale ccdcarata by the 
more obsoletely-punctured thorax, of which the base is not sinuate, the 
more slender club of the antennre, the apical joint not being noticeably 
narrower than the penultimate, ifec. 

Introduced as British by Mr. Donisthorpe (Ent. Rec. xxiii. 1908,44), 
Mr. Rye described the species from a male taken by Mr. Rippon in 
Algiers. 

L. calcarata, ab. nigrescens, Fleischer (Wien. Ent. Zeit., 190G.) 
Specimens, swept in Parkhurst Forest, Isle of Wight, in August 1910, by 
Mr. Donisthorpe, have been named as above by Dr. Fleischer. 

L. curta, Fair., var. donisthorpei, Fleischer (Ent. Rec. xxiii. 
1911, 43). Diliers from the type form in its smaller size and colour, but 
chiefly in the striking short form, and rounding of the side-borders of the 
thorax ; short oval, very arched ; head, thorax, and the club of the 
antennfe black, the rest of the body red-brown ; not completely coloured 
individuals yellow-brown ; antennae as short as in the type, the club 
likewise very broad, the last joint hardly perceptibly nairowed ; the 
thorax less contracted to the base than in the type, somewhat in the same 
way as between the type of dubia and its variety ohesa ; head and thorax 
as strongly punctured as in the type, but the elytra with the strite some- 
what more strongly punctured, with still thicker rows of punctures ; the 
interstices also more strongly punctured. The construction of the legs 
in the male and female is the same as in the type ; the form of the male 
organ is also identical. The similarly-shaped, short-arched, small forms 
of dubia (ab. subglobosa, ab. hicolor), are easily separated through their 
much thinner antennfe, the much finer sculpture of the thorax, and 
much less close rows of punctures in the strife. Small females of this 
race can be sepai-ated further from similarly coloured females of 
calcarata^ ab. nigrescens, Fleischer, by the much shorter form, and broad 
front tibia), as well as by the sculpture. L. -^-o^ mm. 

* In a paper published in the Ent. Mo. Mag. xlvii. (2 Ser. xxii.) 1911, 1(36, 
Dr. Joy sinks this species as a variety of L. dubia. 



SILPHIDyE. 89 

Dr. Fleischer suspects that this form might prove to be the type, if 
Fairmaire's type could be procured, as it is not likely that he would have 
called a long insect curta. The long form, which is recognised by all 
authors as the type, is not a pure sand-hill beetle, but is also found 
inland, and on mountains in Central Europe, ifec. 

Mr. Donisthorpe took a number of specimens of this race by sweep- 
ing, and on the sand-hills, at Hartlepool, in October 1910. 

L. flavicornis, Ch. Bris. (Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr., 1883, cxliii.). 
Very closely allied to L. parimla, Sahib., but easily distinguished by 
the broader form, entirely yellow antennse, the very fine and diffuse 
punctuation of the thorax, the more plain transversely rugose sculpture 
of the elytra, and the sexual characters. The club is slightly broader 
than in L. parimla, and the last joint is narrower in proportion to the 
penviltimate. In the male there is a large, sharp, thorn-shaped tooth 
at the apical angle of the posterior femora, and in the female the posterior 
femora are distinctly angled beneath. In L. pai'vida they are simple in 
both sexes. Length 1^-2 mm. 

Dr. Joy first noticed this species as British (Ent. Mo. Mag. xliv. (2 Ser. 
xix.) 11)08, 174), having taken it by sweeping near Bradfield. It appears, 
however, to be mixed with L. parvula in several of our collections. Mr. 
Donisthorpe has taken it near Ryde, in the Isle of Wight. Ganglbauer 
mentions it as very rare on the Continent, but it is widely distributed 
from Finland to Italy, and is probably much commoner than he considers 
it to be. L. parvula appeal's to be much the rarer species in Britain. 



AGARICOPHAGUS, Schmidt. 
A. conformis, Er., is at most a variety of A. cephalotes, Schmidt, 
and is regarded as such in the European catalogue of IDOfi. 



SILPHA, Linne. 
S. (Phosphuga) subrotundata, Steph. This so-called variety 
must be regarded as a separate species. It is lai'ger, rounder, and broader, 
and has the disc of the thorax less closely punctured ; the reflexed portion 
of the elytra is very strongly developed, and extends almost to the apex, 
whereas in *S'. atrata the margia is much feebler and scarcely reaches 
beyond the middle of the elytra ; the central raised line of the elytra is 
the longest. It occurs commonly in Ireland, and is found in the Isle of 
Man, but a true example of S. atrata does not appear to have been taken 
in either. In the European catalogue of 1900 it is regarded as distinct, 
the localities given being Ireland and Scotland, but I know of no record 
from the latter, and the English localities are pi^obably in error. I quite 
agree with the remarks of the Rev. W. F. Johnson on the species (Ent. 
Mo. Mag. xxxix. (2 Ser. xiv.) 1903, 96), from which the above is in part 
taken. 



90 SILPHID^. 

CATOPS, Paykull. 
C. fuliginosa, Er., Kf. Mk. Brandbg., i. 239. Closely related 
to 7iigricans, but differs from it by its much smaller size, much less 
convex form, and shorter antennae, Avhich are nearly alwa5's blackish 
towards apex, and whose eight joint is mvich shorter in both sexes, 
being transverse even in the male. The posterior angles of the thorax 
are less produced posteriorly, and the base of the thorax is more weakly 
sinuate on each side. The elytra are flatter. The anterior tibia? of 
the male have a much more distinct hump-like dilatation in the middle 
of their inner sides. The species closely resembles specimens of nigrita, 
in which the apical joint of the antenna? is tiot lighter, and difiers from 
these only by the somewhat acutely produced posterior angles of the 
thorax, by the presence of faint longitudinal strife on the anterior half 
of the elytra, and by the hump-like dilatation on the middle of the 
inner sides of the anterior tibiae of the male. L. 3|-4^ mm. 

This species was introduced by Dr. G. W. Nicholson upon specimens 
taken by himself (males and females) at Alphington in Devonshire 
under dead leaves (Ent. Record 1911, p. 67). He points out that Mr. 
Donisthorpe has taken it in carrion at Hartlepool, and Mr. Dollman 
in moles' nests in the Harrow district, and that it is probably widely 
distributed in this country. Captain Sainte Claire Deville, who takes 
it in rabbit-burrows, sa3\s it is common in France. 

Dr. Nicholson also gives the folloAving very useful table, partly taken 
from Ganglbauer's Kiifer v. Mitteleuropa : 

1. Outline of body elliptical. Thorax at base 

as broad as, or hardly narrower than elytra, 
only narrowed and rounded in front (Subg. 
Sciodrejya, Th.) ...... Watsoni, Sjjence, 

FUMATA, Spence^ 
Body with an angular constriction between 
thorax and elytra. Thorax plainly nar- 
rowed towards base, at base narrower than 
base of elytra ..... 2 

2. Thorax finely, and very closely, granulate, 

without punctures Kirbyi, SjKiice, 

Thorax finely punctured, the punctures 
impref-sed obliquely from behind forwards. 3 

3. Antennfe more or less slender, with feebly 

maiked club, sixth joint never transverse. 4 
Antennae with strong club, sixth joint 
transverse . . . , ,10 

4. Thorax broadest in posterior third . . fusca, Pz^ 

Thorax broadest at, or just behind, middle. 5 

5. Body short and broad. Thorax of male 
broader, or at least as broad as elytra, very 

strongly rounded at sides .... grandicollis, Er; 



SILPHID.*]. 



91' 



Body more slender. Thorax in both sexes 
narrower than elytra ... 6 

6. Size larger, 4i-5i mm. Elytra convex, 

falling oii' more sti'ongly towards apex. 
Thoi-ax with posterior angles strongly 
produced, base plainly sinuate on each 
side ........ 

Size smaller, 3-4 J mm. Elytra less con- 
vex, falling off more giadually towards 
apex ....... 7 

7. Thorax with posterior angles produced, and 

base sinuate at each side (but not as sti'ongly 
as in nigricans). Anterior tibije of male with 
a hump-like dilatation on inner side . 
Base of thorax almost straight ; posterior 
angles right angles. Anterior tibise of 
male without a hump-like dilatation . 8 

8. Anterior femora of male with a small knob 

on inner side before middle 
Anterior femora of male without knob 9 

9. Head moderately finely and very closely 

punctured ...... 

Head strongly, and not so closely, punctured 

10. Last joint of antennee only slightly shoi^ter 

than the two preceding together 
Last joint of antennse much shorter than the 
two preceding together . . .11 

11. Eighth joint of antennae only slightly shorter 

than sixth ; body oblong .... 
Eighth joint of antennae only about half as 
long as sixth ; body shorter 



NiGRicAxs. Spence. 



FULIGINOSA, Er. 



CORACINA, Kdl. 



NIGRITA, Er. 

MORio, Er. 

CHRYSOMELOIDES, Ps 



LONGULA. Kell. 



TRISTIS, Pz. 



We have added the difi'erences between C. vxdsoni and fumataf 
which appear to be alternately considered as separate species or 
varieties of one species. 

I. Posterior angles of thorax right angles, not 

projecting; antennas with the fourth to the 
sixth joints short, and plainly transverse ; 
punctuation of the upper side a little 
coarser and less thick ; pubescence lighter 
brown ....... 

II. Posterior angles of thorax not right angles, 

somewhat projecting ; antennae with at 
least the sixth joint large and not trans- 
verse ; punctuation of the upper side finer 
and thicker ; pubescence darker brown 



C. wATsoNi, Spetice. 



C. FUMATA, Spenxie,. 



92 SILPHID^. 

PTOMAPHAGUS, Illiger. 
P. sericatus, Chaud. (Bull. Mosc. 18i5, iii. 199). Two recognised 
specied as pointed out by Mr. Champion (Ent. Mo. Mag. xl. (2 Ser. xv. 
1904, 78) are confused in our collections, P. {Catops) sericeus, Panz., and 
P. (Catops) sericatus, Chaud. ; these may be distinguished as follows : 

Larger and more convex ; elytral rugae very dis- 
tinct ; anterior tarsi of male broadly dilated, 

as wide as or wider than the antenna! club ; 

posterior tibia^of well developed males more 

or less hollowed below the base (and appearing 

widened from thence to the apex), straight, 

as in the female, in feebly developed males . P. sericeus, Panz. 
Smaller and more depressed ; elytral rugaj very 

fine ; anterior tarsi of the male much less 

dilated, narrower than the antennal club ; 

posterior tibife always straight in both sexes ; 

pubescence of the upper surface finer and 

more silky ....... P. sericatus, Chaud. 

The size of P. sericeus is given by Ganglbauer as 2| to 3J mm. 
and of P. sericatus as 2-3 mm., but while the former species is very 
variable in size, the latter is much more constant in this respect and is 
almost constantly of the size of the smallest specimens of P. sericeus ; 
P. sericatus may be easily distinguished by the finer sculpture, silky 
pubescence, and the structure of the anterior tarsi of the male. It has 
been recorded from the London district, Sheppey, Brighton and other 
localities, and is probably widely distributed in Britain ; Ganglbauer 
speaks of it as abundant in Austria, and it has occurred in Russia, 
Germany, the Pyrenees, Spain, &c. 

COLON, Herbst. 

In our British catalogues and collections G. zehei, Kr., and G. 
hcurnevillei, Kr., have been usually i-egarded as varieties of C. dentipes, 
Sahl. G. zehei, however, is undoubtedly a good species and diflers from 
G. dentipes in the following respects : In shape it is broader and less 
parallel-sided ; the pubescence is coarser, less thick, and of a darker 
yellowish colour, and the punctuation is much stronger and more diffuse. 
The tooth in the posterior femora in the male is, as in G. dentipes, very 
long and slender and strongly and evenly curved from two-thirds of its 
length from apex. 

C. barneviUei is not generally regarded as a good species, but 
probably is distinct. It is of the same shape as C. zehei but considerably 
and uniformly smaller, and the thorax is more strongly and diffusely 
punctured ; the tooth on the posterior femora in the male is pro- 
portionately shorter, less slender and diflTerently shaped, being straight 
for nearly two-thirds from base and then rather sharply curved. The 
female is of the same size as, and much resembles the female of 



SILPHID^. 



93 



C. hrunneum, but has the thorax moi^e strongly punctured and more 
shining ; the club of the antennfe is broader and ferruginous ; in 
C. brunneiim it is generally infuscate. 

I am indebted for these remarks to Dr. Joy, who has been more 
successful than any other entomologist in capturing and observing the 
habits of this rare and obscure genus ; his observations on the assembling 
of two or three species, without any apparent reason, on a small and 
very limited spot, are particularly interesting (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlvi. 
(2 Ser. xxi.) 1910, 25). 

C. calcaratum, Er., was deleted in Beare and Donisthorpe's 
British catalogue, but has recently been reinstated by Joy, who, 
in a paper entitled " Further Notes on the Genus Colon " (Ent. Mo. 
Mag. xlvi. (2 Ser. xxi.) 1910, p. 267), while reintroducing this species, 
deletes C. onicrops, Ozwal, and C. jmncticolle, Kraatz ; the former, 
however, he has since again added to our list, and it is probable that 
the latter may have to be replaced. The following corrected table, 
based on the characters common to both sexes, has been kindly sent to 
me by him ; the greater part of it has already been published (Ent. 
Mo. Mag., I.e. p. 268). 

I. Tarsi linear {Colon, i. sp.) : 

i. 8th joint of antennfe not, or scarcely, 

narrower than 9th ; thorax as broad as 

elytra, and about as strongly punctured ; 

form long oval. ..... 

ii. 8th joint of antennae distinctly narrower 

than 9th ; thorax broader than elytra, 

and more strongly punctured ; foi'm 

shorter oval ...... 

II. Tarsi dilated, more strongly in male 
{Mylcechus, Latreille). 

border of elytra 
distinctly visible 



0. viENNENSE, Rerbst. 



C. SERRiPES, Sahib. 



i. Form much broader ; 

near base broad and 

from above 
ii. Form longer, oval ; border of elyti-a 

much narrower, and not or scarcely 

visible from above^ 

1. 8th joint of antennje distinctly narrower 
than 9th ; thorax about as long as 
broad, deeply and closely punctui-ed, 
more strongly so than elytra 

2. 8th joint of antennae as broad as, or 
scarcely narrower than 9th ; thorax 
distinctly tranverse : 

A. Thorax more strongly punctured than 
elytra. 
a. Last joint of club of antennae scarcely 
narrower than the penultimate ; 



C. LATUM, Kraatz. 



C. AXGULARE, Er. 



94 



SILPHIDvE. 



thorax deeply and rather difi'usely 
punctured ; sutural stria, towards the 
base, deep and strongly sinuate ; form 
elongate and pai'allel-sided 
b. Last joint of club of antennae dis- 
tinctly narrower than the penulti- 
mate ; sutural stria, towai'ds the base, 
evanescent and almost straight, 
a*. Form parallel-sided ; sides of 
thorax slightly sinuate before pos- 
terior angles, 
at. Size larger ; thorax finely punc- 
tured, only slightly more so than 
elytra ...... 

b-f. Size smaller ; thorax strongly 
punctured, much more so than 
elytra ...... 

b*. Form fusiform ; sides of thorax 
not sinuate, posterior angles bhmter 
af. Outer border of anterior tibiae 
straight, simply right angled at 
apex ; thorax rathei- dull 
bt. Outer border of anterior tibife 
distinctly curved, ending in a small 
projecting tooth or very acute 
angle ; thorax shining . 
B. Thorax very finely and not more 
strongly punctured than elytra. 

a. Elytra more evenly rounded at the 
sides, broader about the middle, with- 
out traces of strise ; colour dark 
brown. L. lf-2i mm. 

b. Elytra broadest near the base. 

a*. Size larger, length 2-24 mm. ; 
colour generally dark brown ; elytra 
with slight traces of strife 

b*. Size smaller, length H-14 mm. ; 
colour testaceous or reddish-brown ; 
elyti^a without traces of striae . 



0. RUFESCENS, Krcmtz^ 



0. DENTIPES, Sahib. 

0. MicROPS, Czwal. 
C. ZEBEi, Kraatz. 

C. BRUNNEUM, Lotr. 

C, DENTICULATUM, Kraatz. 



0. APPENDICULATUM, 

Sahlh. 



C. CALCARATUM, Er. 



The above table does not differ very materially from the tables of 
the species given in Vol. iii. pp. 66, 67, but sevei-al fresh characters are 
noted, and it will probably be found of considerable service in identify- 
ing the females of this very difficult genus. 

Dr. Joy gives the following table of the male ditterences, which are 
in^some cases very striking {I.e. p. 26!,)). 



SCYDMyENID^. 95- 

I. Anterior tibife strongly bent ; pos- 

terior femora simple . . , C. latum and C. rufescens. 

II. Anterior tibise straight. 

i. Posterior femora terminating in an 

angular tooth at apex . . .0. angulare and 0. viennense. 

ii. Posterior femoi-a simple at the apex, 

but armed near the centre with a 

tooth 

1. Tooth small . . . . C. serripes, 0. brunneum 

and C. denticulatum. 

2. Tooth long, curved, and sharply- 
pointed. . . . . .0. dextipes and C. zebei. 

3. Tooth long and terminating in a 

tuft of hair . . . . . C. appendiculatum 

and C. CALCARATUM. 

If C. inincticolle be reinstated, it belongs to the first group with the 
simple linear tarsi ; the differences will be found in the table in Vol. iii., 
p. G6, and need not be repeated. 



SCYDM^NIDiE. 

NEURAPHES, Thomson. 

N. planifrons, Blatch (Ent. Mo. Mag. xxvi. (2 Ser. i.) 1890, 93). 
Head and thorax rufo-testaceous, elytra more or less pitchy-testaceous ; 
antennas reddish-yellow with the first joint pitchy at apex ; legs reddish- 
yellow, tarsi lighter. Head large, vertex very broad, flat and smooth, 
eyes prominent, antennas with joints eight to ten gradually increasing 
in size, sti^ongly transverse, and forming with the terminal joint (which 
is almost twice as long as the tenth) a distinct club. Thorax longer 
than broad, convex, broadest before middle, with the basal angles 
slightly acute, base with four faint fovefe, one near each side margin, 
and one on each side of a slight central carina. Elytra rather broad, 
oval, convex, with the shoulders raised, the base with four fovese, the 
outer pair shallow, the inner pair deep, and filled with tufts of yellow 
hairs ; femora strongly clavate. The whole of the body, on the upper 
surface, is covered with long yellow bristles, which are more or less 
decumbent on the head and thorax, and sub-erect on the elytra. The 
punctuation is distinct and somewhat coarse on the elytra and is 
entirely setigerous. L. 1 mm. 

Sherwood Forest, Notts., under bark of birch stumps, in company 
with Scydmcenus godarti, Lati-., and S. exilis, Er. 

The nearest ally of the species is S. sparshalli, from which it may be 
distinguished by the broad flat vertex of the head, the more prominent 
eyes, longer joints of the antennae, and the more oval form of the 
elytra, which are set with stronger and more erect bristles. 



96 SCYDM^NID.E. 

3Xr. sparshalli, Denny, and N. minutus, Chaud (= jmviiliOf 
Schmcm) must be regarded as separate species. According to some con- 
tinental authorities the colours are reversed (v. Brit. Col. iii. 75, 76), 
and jV. sjmrshalli is said to have dark elytra, while iV. ininutus is 
unicolorous testaceous. Denny (Mon. Psel. et Scyd. Brit. 1825, plate 
13, fig. 3) gives an excellent figure of JV. sparshalli, which he represents 
as quite vinicolorous, and of a ferruginous or rufo-testaceous colour, so 
that our determination is evidently the correct one. 

SCYDM^IVUS, Latreille. 

S. barnevillei, Reitter (Best. Tabellen der Europ. Col. 10, 29). 
Allied to S. poweri, Fowler, and like that species pitchy or pitchy-black 
with the anterior femora of the male evidently thickened and not 
regularly dilated as in S. j^i^siUus ; it is of about the same size as 
tS. 'poiveri., if anything slightly smaller, and differs from that species in 
having the thorax more transverse and the elytra narrowei'. The 
antennfe are shorter and more thickened towards the apex, the penulti- 
mate joints being distinctly more transverse ; the pubescence on the 
elytra is rather more difluse, but much longer and more distinct. 
From S. pusilhcs it difiers in the slightly broader elytra, shorter 
antennae and much longer pubescence. L. li mm. 

Found in debris of cormorants' and gulls' nests sent from the Scilly 
Islands by Dr. Joy, who introduced the species as British (Ent. Mo. 
Mag. xlv. (2 Ser. xx.) 1909, 54). 

&'. poweri is given as a synonym of S. saitellaris in the last 
European catalogue. It is, however, entirely distinct from tliat 
species in size, shape, antennre, sculpture, &c., and cannot possibly 
be confounded with it. 

EUCONNUS, Thomson. 
E. maklini, Mann. (Bull. Mosc. 1844, i. 193); Napochus 
claviger, Thoms. (Skand. Col. iv. 882). Of about the size and shape 
of U. hirticollis, 111., but easily distinguished by the very short and stout 
antennae, which are scarcely as long as the head and thorax and tei'- 
minate in a very broad and abrupt four- jointed club. The insect is of 
an obtuse pitchy colour with the thorax and elytra sometimes lighter, 
shining, very spai-ingly and finely pubescent, except at the base of 
the head and thorax, which have luther spaiing but coarse bristly 
pubescence ; head subrotundate, about as broad as the middle of the 
thorax ; antennae and palpi testaceous ; thorax as long as broad, 
scai'cely narrower at base than the elytra, slightly narrowed towards 
apex, with the sides hairy, especially in front, base with a deep fuii-ow, 
slightly interrupted in the middle, and bounded towards the posterior 
angles (which are right angles) by an elevated fold ; elytra about three 
times as long as the thorax, widened in the middle, sparingly and 
finely pubescent, scarcely visibly punctured, base with a deep impression 



SCYDM^NID^. • 97 

terminated by a fold near the shoulders, which are not prominent. 
L. 1 mm. 

Bradfield, Berks. One specimen taken by Dr. Joy, probably in dead 
leaves. Ganglbauer records it as taken in Northern and Oenti-al Europe 
with Formica ritfa. Thomson records it as found under fallen leaves. 

EUPLECTUS, Leach. 

Mr. Champion points out (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlv. (2 Ser. xx.) 1909, 
74) that the two larger species of the genus Ettplectus, which are named 
E. kunzei, Aube, and E. diiponti, Aube, must be referred to E. aubeanus, 
Reitter, and E. hricmi^tcs, Grimmer, respectively. He is only speaking 
for his own specimens, but it appears to be most probable that we do 
not possess E. chcjwnti, Aube, at all as British. The real species is much 
smaller than E. hrunneus. The localities given by me (Brit. Col. iii. 
102) for E. kunzei must therefore be transferred to E. aubeanus, with 
the addition of Guildford (Champion), Shiere (Capron), and the New 
Forest, while those for E. duponti must probably be assigned to 
E. brunneits, with the addition of Cobham Park (Champion). 

The following are the characteristics of the two species as given by 
Champion : 

Elongate, narrow, flattened ; antennae rather 
slender ; head with a deep, triangular notch 
on the vertex ; elytra scarcely rounded at 
the sides, subparallel, the humeri but little 
swollen. Male : metasternum with a very 
faintly impressed median line; fourth ven- 
tral segment feebly sinuate at the apex, 
fifth with a very broad transverse pit at the 
base, the outer portions swollen, sixth trans- 
versely flattened across the median third, 
widely and shallowly emarginate at the apex, 

and bearing on each side a large flattened > 

tuberculiform prominence, which is clothed 
behind with long hairs ; femora moderately 
stout ; intermediate tibite curved . . E. aubeanus, Reitt. 



Broader, and rather convex ; antennae stouter ; 
head with a shallower notch on the vertex ; 
elytra distinctly rounded at the sides ; the 
humeri swollen. Male: metasternum deeply 
sulcate from near the base to the apex ; 
fourth ventral segment drawn out into an 
obtuse angle in the middle behind ; fifth 
with a very broad, sharply-detined, semi- 
cii'cular pit at the base, extending in the 
middle to near the hind margin ; sixth, 
more deeply emarginate at the apex, and 



{kunzei, Brit. Coll.) 



98 SCYDM^l!nD.^. 

with a transverse depression extending 

across the middle, and a fovea in the centre ; 

femora very stout ; anterior tibise armed with 

an extremely minute tooth on the inner edge 

towards the apex, and obliquely truncate 

thence to the tip ; intermediate tibiie strongly 

bowed to near the base . . . . E. brunneus. Grimmer 

{ktinzei, Aube) 
{et-ichsoni, Thoms.) 

E. bescidicus, Reitt. (Verb, zool.-bot. Ges. Wien. 1881, 524 ; 
Katurg. Ins. Deutschl. iii. -, 121). Closely alli-ed to E. chqwnti, Aub6 
(with which it is compared by Gangibavier), but smaller, with the 
antennae longer, the last joint especially being moi^e elongate ; the 
head is smooth between the frontal furrows ; the central furrow of the 
thorax is shorter, and the dorsal stripe of the elytra are shorter and do 
not reach the middle ; the two depressed areas on the abdomen are 
wider, occupying about one-third of the breadth of the segments ; in 
the male the ventral segments are flattened and the penultimate 
segment has a small fovea to the middle ; in the male of E. chqwnti the 
last ventral segment is transversely impressed. L. 1^- mm. 

This species has been introduced as British by Dr. Joy (Ent. 
Kecord, xx. (l'J08), 56) on the authority of six specimens recently 
taken by Mr. Pool at Enfield and two in the Bates collection taken 
many years ago by Mr. Lawson at Scarborough. Mr. Pool's examples 
were taken under fir and elm bark. New Forest (Donisthorpe). 

E. bescidicus belongs to the section of the genus which is distin- 
guished by having the raised border on each side of the depressed area, 
in the middle of the base of the two first visible dorsal segments, 
reaching at least to the middle. 

E. tomlini, Joy (Ent. Mo. Mag. xhi. (2 Ser. xvii.) I'lOG, i»l)). 
Rufo-testaceovis, with elytra, antenna? and legs lighter, finely pubescent ; 
head large, very transverse, strongly and thickly punctured, hind 
angles prominent, frontal furrows not deep ; antennse rather long ; 
thorax about as long as broad, distinctly narrower than the head with- 
out eyes, much contracted behind, strongly and thickly punctured, 
dorsal furrow deep, not quite reaching basal and apical margins, lateral 
foveas distinct; elytra ample, longer than together broad, finely but 
distinctly punctured, with the scutellary stria completed, and one 
strong stria on each reaching about half way to apex ; hind body 
narrower than elytra, very finely punctured throughout, with the 
basal depressions on the first segments narrow and feeble. 

Male with the fifth ventral segment of the abdomen deeply and 
sharply emarginate in the middle, with a conspicuous round fovea on 
each side of the emargination, and having the base of the emargination 
projecting backwards in the form of a rounded lobe which is sur- 
mounted by two small membranous hairs ; sixth segment short. 



TRICHOPTEKYGID^. 99 

transversely depressed at base and widely emarginate ; last segment 
with two more or less obsolete foveas ; intermediate tibia^ with a small 
tooth on the inner side near apex. 

Female with the ventral segments of the hind body simple. L. 1^ mm. 

Habitat, Bradfield, Berks. : found by Dr. Joy in some numbers in 
a starling's nest in February I'JOG. 

This insect is chiefly distinguished by its male characters, us will 
be gathei-ed from Dr. Joy's description ; in this point it has a resem- 
blance to E. karsieni, Reich, but it is considerably larger and much 
more strongly punctured than the last-named species, and has the 
fovese, etc., much more strongly developed ; from E. pimctahis it may 
be known (apart from the male characters) by its relatively broader 
head and stronger punctuation. 

TRICHOPTERYGID^. 

The species belonging to the genera of this family, and more es- 
pecially those of the large genus Trichopteryx, have been known for 
some time to be in considerable confusion ; it was hardly to be expected 
that all the species of the Rev. A. Matthews (founded in several 
instances on single specimens) would stand, but it is doubtful whether 
the present workers at the group are not going somewhat too far the 
other way ; in the catalogue of Heyden, Reitter and Weise (1906) only 
fifteen species are assigned to Tricliopteryx (not counting five species 
placed under the line at the end of the list as doubtful), and of these 
two do not occur in Britain. In our 1903 catalogue Dr. Sharp and I 
recorded no less than thirty-nine species as British. 

Mr. H. Britten, assisted by Mr. E. A. Newbery, has been doing 
very good work on the genus FteQiidium, and a joint paper by these tAvo 
workers entitled " A Revision of the British Species of Ptenidium " 
has recently been published in the Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 
(Ent. Mo. Mag. xlvi. (2 Ser. xxi.) 1910, p. 178). We reprint the table 
which is based to a great extent on Flach's " Bestimmungs Tabellen " 
(Verb, zool.-bot. Ges. AYien. xxxix. 1889). 

PTENIDIUM, Erichson* 
I. Scutellary furrow with a minute but 
distinct middle keel, 
i. Prosternal keel broad and furrowed 

for nearly its entire length . . . Sub-genus matthewsium, 

Flach, 
1. Thorax broadest at the base, the two 
middle basal fovese wanting. Body 
regularly oval ; upper side castaneous- 
brown, front parts often darker ; pubes- 
cence scanty, extremely short, and 
scarcely visible; elytra sometimes paler 



100 



TRIOHOPTERYGID.^. 



at base, very finely alutaceous ; scu- 
tellum with punctures in basal furrow 
absent or obsolete. L. O-H-0-84 mm. 
2. Thorax broadest a little before base, 
basal fovese small, but distinct, middle 
pair placed at some distance from 
base ; scutellum with a very minute 
(and in F. turgidimi sometimes obso- 
lete) puncture, placed between the 
middle keel and side angles, but rather 
nearer to the latter. 

A. Upper side distinctly alutaceous, with 
fine, scattered, shallow punctures and 
scarcely visible pubescence; thorax 
not strongly margined ; scutellum 
with a distinct puncture on each side 
of middle keel, placed as above ; elytra 
usually castaneous-brown, the head 
and thorax darker, but colour some- 
what variable. L. 0*86-0*94 mm. . 

B. Upper side with distinct hairs, which 
are especially long on sides of thorax ; 
thorax strongly margined, with punc- 
tuation rather strong and deep ; 
scutellum with punctures extremely 
small or obsolete ; elytra not or 
scoi'cely alutaceous ; bod}' broader in 
propoition to its length than that of 
P. Icevigatum. L. 0'1)2 mm. 

i. Prosternal keel simple, at least in front ; 
thorax broadest a little before base. 

1. Scutellum with about six minute 
semi-equal ridges on each side of the 
central keel, the interspaces being 
punctiform, without larger puncture 
close to the side angles ; prosternal 
keel with a short furrow between the 
anterior coxis ..... 

Basal thoracic foveas very small ; thorax 
and elytra with widely aud irregularly 
placed shallow punctures ; elytra 
usually castaneous, with somewhat 
raised scattered hairs, fore-parts 
darker. L. 0-86-0-92 mm. 

2. Scutellum with a distinct central keel, 
and two punctures which are placed 



P. GRESSNEEI, Er. 



P. L.EVIGATUM, Er. 



P. TURGIDUM, Thorns. 



Sub-genus wankowiczium, 
Flach. 



P. INTERMEDIUM, Wank. 



TRICHOPTERYGID^. 



101 



just within the side angles ; prosternal 
keel simple, narrow ; pubescence long, 
evident, and semi-raised (except in 
P. myrmecoj^hilum, Mots.) . 



Sut-genus Ptenidium, 

Mots. 



A. Thorax and elytra coarsely punc- 
tured with simple deep punctures, the 
interspaces being minutely punctu- 
late ; thorax with a broad impvinctate 
central line ; body black ; antennae and 

legs dark yellow. L. 0-8-0-84: mm. . P. punctatum, Gyll 

B. Thoi-ax not coarsely punctured. 

a, Metasternum smooth, not aluta- 
ceous. 

a*. Body deep black, clothed with 
long grey hairs ; head and thorax 
with distinct, scattered, shallow 
umbilicate punctures, with a cen- 
tral impunctate line; elytra with 
simple punctures, which are either 
not confluent (type form) or very 
large, deep and confluent on the 
apical third (yi\,v.rugos%mi, Britten); 
antennse dark pitch- brown. L. 
0-74-0'8 mm 

b*. Body, or at least elytra, castaneous 
brown, longish, strongly convex ; 
head and thorax scarcely punc- 
tured ; elytra with evident punc- 
tures and very short scattered 
hair ; antennas yellow. The var. 
kraatzi, Matth., has the outer 
basal thoi-acic fovefe deeper than in 
the type form. L. 0*88-0 -'JG mm. 



P. FUSCICORNE, Ur. 



b. Metasternum alutaceous, at least 
at the sides. 
a*. Thorax, especially at sides, almost 
as strongly punctured as elytra, 
sides less rounded ; ely ti^a distinctly 
punctured in eight or nine irre- 
gular longitudinal rows, furnished 
with long, semi-erect, grey hairs ; 
antennae yellow, at most with the 
last two joints slightly darker. 
L. 0'90-'94 mm 



P. MYRMECOPHILUM, MotS. 

= formicetorum, Kraatz. 



P. PUSILLUM, Gyll, 
ajncale, Er. 



102 



TKICHOPTERYGID^. 



P. BRisouTi, Matth. 

— nitichmi, Bris., necHeer. 



Sub-genus gillmeisterium, 
Flach. 



b*. Upper side of thorax scarcely- 
punctured, sides more rounded, 
inner basal fovete less distinct 
than in P. jntsilhim ; elytra more 
scantily punctured in six or seven 
irregular longitudinal rows ; hairs 
much shorter and more slender 
than in P. imsillum ; antennae 
with the first two joints and the 
club nearly always infuscate, the 
middle joints being more slender 
than those of P. pusillimn. L. 
0-8-0-9 mm 

II. Transverse furrows of scutellum with- 
out a middle keel, with four deep equi- 
distant foveie ; prosternal process with 
two furrows between the anterior coxie. 

Basal thoracic fovepe deep, proportional 
size of outer foveje very variable in 
respect to inner ; length of pubescence, 
size and colour also very variable. 
L. 0*74-0*9G mm. . . . .P. nitidum, Heer. 

= 'pujsillum, Er., nee Gyll. 
= icevigatum {ex jKirte), 

Matth., nee Gyll. 
In their subsequent notes Mr. Britten and Mr. Newbery discuss the 
various species with localities and give illustrations, which show the dis- 
tinctions of the scutellary keels and punctures, and of the metasterna. 
The paper is certainly a great addition to ovir knowledge of the genus. 
The genus Trichopteryx is now under revision by Professor Ericson, 
Mr. Britten, and others, and we may expect great alterations in the 
nomenclature; as far, however, as I can judge from specimens returned 
to myself, I am not prepared to sink as many of Mr. Matthew's species 
as seems likely to be done by others ; at the same time the number 
cannot but be largely reduced ; these minute insects seem to vary 
somewhat in shape, impressions, colour, &c., and ought never to be 
described except on a fairly long series ; many of Mr. Matthew's 
English species rest on unique examples. 

Trichopteryx intermedia, Gillm., var. thomsoni, I. B. Ericson 
(Entom. Tidsk. l'J08, p. 12o). 

A number of specimens of SiTrichopteryx taken by Prof. Beare andMr. 

Donisthorpe at Newtonmore, jST.B., in June 1907, by beating fir-tops were 

identified as above by Prof. I. B. Ericson (Ent. Record, xxi. 1909, p. 58). 

The genus Ptiliam, as far as the British species are concerned, 

will probably not require very much attention. 



PHALACEID.iJ. 103 

PHALACRID^. 

PHALACRUS, Paykull. 
The genus Phalacras is very confusing, and but little attention has 
been paid to it by British Coleopterists until quite recently. Mr. New- 
bery, however, has studied the species carefully, and has, probably 
rightly, sunk P. brisouti, Rye, and drawn up a table in which only 
five species are admitted as British, including P. hijbrldas, Flach., of 
which a description is given below (Ent. Mo. Mag. xliii. (2 Ser. xviii.), 
1907, 223). This table should be substituted for the one given by 
myself (Brit. Col. iii. 148) as being more satisfactory and resting on 
better defined characters. 

I. Thorax bordered in front of scutellum. 
i. Elytra alutaceous throughout. 

1. Thorax not alutaceous . . . .P. hybridus, Flach. 

2. Thorax and elytra similarly alutaceous. 

A. Last joint of antennae slender, nearly 
three times as long as broad ; form of 
body broader and more convex ; aluta- 
tion finer ; punctuation of interstices of 

elytra not in rows. L. l^-o mm. . P. CORUSCUS, Panz. 

B. Last joint of antennos stout, about 
twice as long as broad ; form of body 
nai'row elliptical, less convex ; alutation 
coarser ; interstices of elytra with rows 

of punctures. L. 11-2 mm. . . P. caricis, Sturm. 

ii. Elytra not alutaceous, except sometimes 
at extreme apex, dorsal interstices with a 
single row of large punctures on the 
inner side of each strise ; thorax not 
alutaceous. L. Ij-lf mm. . . .P. substriatus, Gyll. 

II, Thorax not bordered in front of scutellum ; 
thorax not, and elytra feebly, alutaceous ; 

form short, broad and convex. L. 2 mm. P. championi, Giull. 

( = brunijjes, Rye, nee Bris.) 

I have already pointed out that P. hitmberti, Rye, has been sunk 
as a variety of P. coruscus {I.e. iii. 1 48) ; P. brisouti, Rye, is also 
apparently a form of this common species ; P. caricis, Sturm, may be 
superficially known by its rather flat elliptical form, and P. stibstriatas 
by its short and convex appearance. P. chamjnoiii, Guill., is allied in 
form to both P. substriatus and small P. hybridus, but differs from the 
former by its finely alutaceous elytra, and from both by the absence of 
a border in front of the scutellum. P. brunni2:)es, Bris., is a longish 
oval insect, narrowed behind, and somewhat I'esembling an Olibrus ; 
it has not been taken in Britain according to Newbery {I.e. 1907, 225) ; 
but Mr. Rye (Ent. Mo. Mag. ix. 1872, p. 9) pointed out that 



104 PHALACRID^. 

M. Brisout had corroborated as true brnnnrpes an insect from Mr. G. R. 
Waterhouse's collection taken by Mr. Brewer. 

P. hybridus, Flach. (Verb. Nat. Ver. Briinn, xxvii. 61, 02). 
Rotundate oval, of about the same average size as P. cornscus, and 
very variable in size, like that species, but distinguished from it by the 
fact that the head and thorax are not alutaceous ; the elytra are 
punctured in more or less regular rows, and the interstices ai^e scarcely 
visibly punctvired ; the colour is shining black ; the head and thorax 
ai'e very finely and rather thickly punctured, the spaces between the 
punctures being quite smooth ; the elytra are very delicately reticulate 
or alutaceous, if viewed vinder a high power ; the last joint of the 
antennse is shorter than in P. coruscus ; the thorax has the posterior 
angles right angles and the base margined in the middle ; the antennae 
and legs are black, but a variety occurs in which they are reddish. 
L. 1^-3 J mm. 

Chiefly, but not altogether, a coast species : Lewisham, Sheppey, 
Southend, Erith, Felixstowe, Bognor, Deal, Sandwich. It is probably 
mixed with P. coruscus in collections ; in the var, confusus, Guillet, 
the sutural interstice is very finely and diffusely punctured, while in 
the type form it has a row of four or five larger punctures. 

OLIBRUS, Erichson. 
The following table of our British species will be found useful : it 
was published by Mr. E. A. jSTewbeiy in the Entomologist's Recoi-d, 
vol. xl. 1899, p. 136. 

I. Elytra almost entirely alutaceous. 

i. Elytra greenish or blackish-bronze, 
underside and club of antennte dark. 

A. Form longer, plainly narrowed behind 0. .eneus, P. 

B. Form shorter and more convex, 

nearly regularly elliptical . . .0. millefolii, Payh. 

ii. Elytra brown, paler towards apex, 
antennfe and underside pale red-yellow. 

A. Suture and outer margin of elytra 

darker than disc . . . .0. corticalis, Panz. 

{affinis, Steph., nee Sturm) 

B. Suture and outer margin of elytra 

not darker than disc . . . .0. liquidus, Er. 

II. Elytra not alutaceous, except some- 
times at extreme apex. 

i. Size moderate (1 J-2| mm.). 

A. Elytra entirely black, average size 

larger . . . . . .0. flavicornis, Sturm. ".. ':^ 

{helveticus, Rye ?) 

B. Elytra with at least traces of a 
brown spot at apex. 



COCCINELLID.'E. 105 

a. Form shorter and les.s naiiowed 

behind. Insect more shiny . . 0. particeps, Mus. 

b. Form longer and more narrowed 
behind. Insect less shiny, striie 

more apparent . . . .0. affinis, Sturm. 

ii. Size very small (1 mm.) ; thorax and 

elytra entirely black . . . .0. pygm^us, Sturm. 

O. flavicornis, Sturm, was described by Sturm as a variety of 
0. bicolor, but is regarded as a good species by Ganglbauer and others ; 
it is of about the size of 0. Uquichis or rather longer. Mr. Champion 
took one specimen (recorded as 0. helveticus, Rye) at Caterham and 
subsequently others in the same locality; he has also found it at 
Sandown, I. of W. INIr. Newbery has taken it at Dover and Mr. Elliman 
at Chesham (Bucks). The late Mr. Chitty took it in some numbers at 
St. Margaret's Bay. 

O. affinis, Sturm. This species, which I have not included in my 
previous list (Brit. Col. iii. 150), is longer and less metallic as com- 
pared with 0. partke'ps, and usually of a paler colour. It has been 
taken at Hythe, Hants, and at Lyndhurst by Mr. Newbery, and, 
apparently, by Mr. Champion in the New Forest. 

j\Ir. Newbery allows that the sepai-ation of 0. particeps and 
0. affinis (which I placed together as far as British specimens were 
concerned) is a matter of great difficulty ; Mr. Newbery says that this 
is in a measure due to foreign authors having placed 0. particeps 
among the species with entirely black elytra ; as a rule they are 
almost, if not always, inclined to brown, at all events at apex. They 
are, however, so close as to be hardly distinct. The species has been 
taken by Mr. Keys near Whitsand Bay, Plymouth, and by Mr. Elliman 
at Chesham. 

COCCINELLIDiE. 

ADOPJIA, Mulsant. 
A. (Hippodamia) variegata, Goeze, var. engleharti, Rye 

(Ent. Record, iv. 18'J3, 243). This variety, described by B. G. Rye, 
and figured in the Transactions of the Leicester Literary and 
Philosophical Society, is only a form of the type and hardly a variety 
at all. 

COCCINELLA, Linne. 

C. lO-punctata, L., var. confluens, Haworth (Trans. Ent. Soc. 
Lond., 1807, 278). This variety has the spots on the thorax confluent, 
and the three central spots on the elytra confluent in a large lobed 
patch with a red spot in the centre. 

Taken by Donisthorpe in Darenth Wood. Apparently very seldom 
met with (Ent. Record, xxi. 1909, loG). 

C. 11-punctata, L., var. confluens, Donis. (Ent. Rec. 1902, 
p. 99). This form has the lower pairs of spots on each elytron 



106 COCCINELLID^. 

confluent, it is also brightly coloured. Canon Cruttwell found it in 
some numbers on a patch of sandy coast near Renvyle, co, Galway, in 
August, 1899, the type form not being present. Mr. Chitty recorded 
it from the Cullin sandhills, and Commander Walker as abundant on 
Machrihanish beach, Campbellton, N.B., in both cases unaccompanied 
by the type. Mr. Donisthoi-pe found it in plenty on the sandhills, 
Dingle Bay, co. Kerry. Dr. P. Mason captured it in Iceland (Ent. 
Mo. Mag. 1890, p. 199). This seems to be the var. hremfasciata, 
Weise, but as that appears to include three difierent forms, it is 
perhaps as well to retain Mr. Donisthorpe's name, which is recognised 
in the last Eui-opean Catalogue. 

ANATIS, Mulsant. 

A, ocellata, L., var. hebrsea, L. (8yst. Nat. ed. x. SO.")). This 
is a very beautiful and striking variety and is well figured in the 
Transactions of the Leicester Literary and Philosophical Society 
(iii. xi. 1895, PI. I. fig. 11) ; the ground colour of the elytra is brownish- 
yellow with an irregular black band just before base continued along 
the margins for about two-thirds the length of the elytra, but at some 
little distance from their edges ; on the disc are two elongate parallel 
broad lines, parallel also to the marginal lines, the part near the suture 
being the longer. 

Oxshott (Surrey) : one specimen, taken by B. G. Rye, unique as 
British ; it is, apparently, a very rare variety in Central Europe. 

PULLUS, Mulsant. 

P. (Scymnus) limonii, Donisthorpe (Ent. Record, xv. 1903,287). 
Broad oval, convex, black with white pubescence ; antennfe and palpi 
testaceous ; head with labrum, black ; thorax black with base narrower 
than base of elytra, giving the appearance of a shoulder to the latter; 
elytra black, or black with four yelloAv spots, the posterior pair being 
always the larger, or with the spots confluent, coarsely punctui-ed, the 
punctuation consisting of larger and smaller punctures mixed together 
in about equal proportions ; underside entirely black, the post-coxal 
fovese with raised sides incomplete ; femora dark or quite black ; tibiae 
and tarsi testaceous. L. IJ-lf mm. 

On the flowers and at the roots of the sea-lavender, Staiice limonium; 
Yarmouth, Isle of Wight (Donisthorpe and Burr) ; Isle of Sheppey 
(Champion). 

The nearest allies of this species are P. midsanti, Wat., and 
iV. redtenhaclteri, Muls. From the former it diflers in having the i-aised 
sides of the post-coxal foveas incomplete, very nearly as in ^V. redten- 
hacheri (whereas in P. laidsanti they form a more or less complete 
semicircle round the posterior coxse), in the dark femora and the 
entirely black abdomen (in P. imdsantl the legs are entirely testaceous, 
and the apex of the abdomen red) ; the elytra also are much more 
strongly punctured. From N. redtenhacheri it may be known by its 



EROTYLlDyE. 107 

larger size, raore convex and rounded sliape, and stronger punctviation. 
The colour is very variable. The species is probably, as Mr. Donis- 
thorpe points out, one of the ground feeders, which prey upon the 
aphides at the roots of sea-lavender, and other salt marsh plants. 

P. lividus. Bold. This species must be deleted, as it is only a 
small pale example of P. testaceus, Mots. {v. Newbery, Ent. Mo. Mag 
xli. (2 Ser. xvi.), 1905, 161). 

P. mulsanti, Wat., has apparently proved such a puzzle to foreign 
coleopterists that it is omitted altogether from the last European 
Catalogue ; it may be synonymous with, or a variety of P. testaceus, Mots. 

ENDOMYCHIDiE. 

The table for the Mycetceina must be altered (Brit. Col. iii. 179), 
as the antennas of Symhiotes, Redt., are 11-jointed and not 10-jointed. 

I. Antennas 11-jointed. 

i. Thorax with a strong impressed line on 

each side extending from base to beyond 

middle Syjibiotes, Redt, 

ii. Thorax with impressed line extending 

from base to apex Mycet^a, Ste2yh. 

II. Antennas 10-jointed • . . . . Alexia, Steph. 

EROTYLIDiE. 

DACNE, Latreille. 
(D. fowleri, Joy (Ent. Mo. Mag. xli. (2 Ser. xvi.), 1905, 274). Dr. 
Joy describes this species on specimens found in a hole in a large oak log 
at Bradfield, Berks ; he believed them to be distinct from D. kumeralis 
on the ground that the reflexed margins of the thorax were much 
broader than in the last-mentioned species and almost explanate in 
front, the anterior angles being more prominent ; the insects, moreover'^ 
appeared to be much more active than D. Jmmeralis. From the first 
I was doubtful of the species, and Dr. Joy is now of opinion that it 
cannot be retained ; it is, at most, a variety or sub-species.) 

TRIPLAX, Paykull. 
T. (Platychna) bicolor, Gyll., Ins. Suec. vol. i. p. 205 (1808); 
T. scutellaris, Chai^p., Horas Ent. 1825, 244 {teste Ganglbauer). 
Usually of about the same size as T. russlca, L. ; the British examples, 
however, which have been hitherto taken, are on the average decidedly 
smaller, and intermediate between that species and T. amea, Schall. ; 
easily distinguished from T. 7'ussica, which it most nearly resembles, 
by having the base of the thorax very finely and scarcely visibly 
bordered and never provided with a transverse furrow (subg. Platychna, 
Thoms.), by its more ovate shape, the sides of the elytra being 
distinctly more rounded, and by the reddish or reddish-yellow colour of 



108 COLYDIID^. 

the base of the antennae, the scutellum, and the whole of the underside 
of the body ; head large, finely but distinctly punctvu^ed ; thorax 
about twice as broad as long, with the sides distinctly more nai-rowed 
in front than in T. russica, very finely, and not very closely punctured ; 
elytra somewhat distinctly punctate striate, interstices very finely and 
ii-regularly punctured ; the sculpture of the elytra is, however, dis- 
tinctly stronger than in T. russica. The var. Gyllenhalli, Crotch, 
Ent. v. 7, appears to have the sculpture much more marked. 
L. 4^-5 J mm. 

Gibside, Northumberland ; taken in fungus growing on elms and 
holly by Mr. R. S. Bagnall. The account of the capture and of its 
intricate synonymy will be found in the Entomologist's Monthly 
Magazine, vol. xli. (2 Ser. xvi.), 1905, pp. 86 and 135 ; the synonymy was 
worked out by Professor Hudson Beare, and it still remains somewhat 
of a problem in certain points. The species is found rarely in Northern 
and Central Europe. 

COLYDIIDiE. 

AULONIUM, Erichson. 

A. trisulcum, Geofl\ (Entom. Paris, i. 1785, 23); A. sul- 
catum, 01. (Entom. ii., 18, 4, pi. 1, f. 1). Elongate and parallel, 
reddish-yellow or light castaneous, unicolorous, or with the hinder part 
of the head and the central portion of the thorax darker, and the 
suture of the elytra, especially towards the apex, blackish; head 
narrower than thorax, with the eyes rather prominent, antennae short, 
with a strong and rather loose 3-joiiited club ; thorax quadrate, 
strongly bordered, with very fine sculpture, and with three strong 
longitudinal furrows, the central one being broad and divided into two 
which diverge from just behind middle to base (some authors describe 
these as four, the central ones nearly meeting and running close 
together from middle to apex) ; elytra long, parallel sided, with five 
regular rows of punctures, interstices very finely and sparingly 
punctured ; tibife dilated at apex, with one apical spur more strongly 
developed than the other and gently curved (this is one of the 
characters that separates the genus from Colydium) ; the upper surface 
is not very shiny, but has a somewhat greasy (fettglanzend) appearance. 
L. 4|-7 mm. 

Enfield ; under elm bark in the burrows of Scolytus multistriatus. 
Subsequently Mr. Pool took it both at Edmonton and Winchmore Hill. 
This very interesting addition to our list (Ent. Record, xvi. 1904, 310) was 
made by Mr. C. J. C. Pool in July, 1904. The insect is found rarely 
under elm bark in Central and Southern Europe in the burrows of 
*S'. destructor and ^S'. mnltistriatiis. 

The larva of this species is briefly described by Westwood (Classi- 
fication I., 147, Fig. 12, 5); it is long, subdepressed, and slightly 
curved, with three paiis of short thoracic legs and a pair of short 



HISTERID^:. 109 

recurved horny sharp points upon the terminal segment of the body. 
The pupa is very much elongated, with two short obtuse points at its 
extremity. 

HISTERID^. 

HISTER, Linne. 

H. quadrimaculatus, L., var. gagates. 111. (Mag. fUr Insetten- 
kunde, vi., 1807, 31) ; Donisthorpe (Ent. Record, xi., 181)9, 217). This 
is a totally black form of H. quadrimaculatus and difiers from the var. 
<i',thiops, Heei'.,in having one marginal stria on the elytra, the outer one 
being entirely absent, whereas in the latter variety there is always a 
trace of the outer stria. 

Iwade, in flood rubbish (J. J. Walker) ; apparently a very rare 
variety. 

GNATHONCUS, Duval. 

G. nidicola, Joy (Ent. Ilecord xix. (1907) 133, plate vi.). Black 
or pitch black, extreme apex of elytra sometimes rufescent ; head 
closely punctured, frontal stria wanting ; antennse reddish ; thorax 
somewhat diffusely punctured, more thickly at the sides ; elytra with 
striae as in G. rotandatus, Kug., diffusely punctured at base, very 
thickly punctured towards apex, the punctures running together into 
rows in the apical third, so that this part appears dull and very finely 
striated longitudinally; anterior tibiae distinctly dilated, with nine to 
ten small teeth, the spaces between them very slightly emarginate * or 
nearly flat ; the apical tooth and the next towai^ds the base are separated 
by a distinctly longer interval than the others ; intermediate tibia? slightly 
dilated. In the male the sedeagus is almost straight and bent rather 
sharply at the tip, whereas in G. rotundatios it is strongly and evenly 
curved throughout. L. lf-2| mm. 

In old birds' nests ; apparently not uncommon. 

Dr. Joy, in introducing and describing this species, says that in 
G. rotundatus, Kug., which Mr. Lewis {v. Ent. Record, xvi. 290) 
apparently regards as synonymous with G. punctidatus, Thorns., the 
front tibise are distinctly narrower than in G. nidicola, and possess 
large teeth with well marked, strongly emarginate intervals, whereas 
in the last-named species the teeth are small and the intervals nearly 
flat. The intermediate tibiaj are less dilated and have conspicuously 
longer teeth. G. rotandatus has the apex of the elytra shining and 
diffusely punctured. 

Apparently we do not possess G. nannetensis, Mars, (the G. rotundatus 
of the old British catalogues) as British. If this is the case, and if we 
admit G. nidicola as distinct, we still have two species, which may be 
separated as follows : 

* Dr. Joy in his description uses the term " convex," but this is wrong as the 
spaces are emarginate between the teeth and not produced. 



110 HISTERID^. 

Anterior tibiie narrower, with large teeth and 

emarginate intervals ; apex of elytra shining, 

diffusely punctured ; male organ strongly 

and evenly curved throughout ; habitat, 

carrion ....... G. noTUNDATUs,A'»(:/.(?) 

Anterior tibia3 broader, with small teeth and 

almost flat intervals; apex of elytra dull, 

closely punctured; male organ almost 

straight, bent at tip ; habitat, birds' nests . G. nidicola, Joy. 
It must be admitted that these two species are closely allied. I'lie 
difference in the punctuation of the apical portion of the elytra certainly 
seems striking, and the variation of the fi'out tibije is always a good 
character in the Histerida\ At the same time the whole question of 
the synonymy and constitution of this small genus is far from settled. 
Ganglbauer considers G. nannetensis, Mars., to be synonymous with 
G. rotundatus, Kug., whereas, according to Lewis, G. rotundatus, Kug., 
is synonymous with G. 2^unctidattijS, Thorns., and we do not possess 
G. nannetensis at all. 

Dr. Joy rightly lays stress upon difference of habitat, but the point 
must not be pressed too far, for, as a matter of fact, we know very 
little about races and species, and what we now consider as species may, 
in many cases, be races of one species which have become more or less 
modified by the adoption of different habits and modes of living ; if it 
is so in the higher forms of life it is probably the same in the lower also. 

SAPRINUS, Erichson. 

S. immundus, Gyll. (Ins. Suec. iv. 1827, 266). In the catalogue 
of Heyden, lleitter and Weise (1006) this species is sunk as a variety 
of S. ceneus, F. In the Entomologist's Monthly Magazine for January 
181)7, Mr. E. A, Newbery discusses the question, but it seems to be 
settled by the note of Mr. George Lewis (Ent. Mo. Mag. xxxiii. 
(2 Ser. xiii. ) 1897, 45), where he gives the following characters : 

" Perhaps," he says, "the two most important characters noted by 
Marseul are : (1) In S. immundus (Mon. p. 408) the prosternal striae 
are divergent at both extremities, and in >S'. ceneus (pp. 413, 414) the 
prosternum is narrowed in the middle and the striae are divergent 
before and behind ; in other words, the keel of the prosternum is 
wider in *S'. immundtis (especially in the median area) than in 
S. ceneus, but the strife are somewhat similarly divergent in both ; (2) in 
S. immundus the mesosternal marginal stria is interrupted ; in iS. ceneus 
it is entire. Marseul also gives a sexual character for /S. emeus, viz. a 
shallow impression on the metasternum of the male, which does not 
exist in >S'. immundus, 

"These are salient and reliable characters, and there are others 
equally so ; (3) in S. ceneus the tarsi are relatively long and slender, 
and in S. immundus they are shorter and more robust ; (4) in S. (Eneus 
the femora are comparatively narrow and the punctuation vague and 



NITIDULID^. Ill 

feeble ; in ;S'. ivivntnchrs the femora are broader and distinctly and 
somewhat densely punctulate." 

The dorsal strife vary in most of the 6'aprlni and do not afibrd a 
reliable character. 

Four further genera have been introduced into the Histeridte by 
Mr. Lewis, Packylojms, Er., including Scqjrinus maritimirs, Steph., 
Kissister, Marseul, including Carcinops minima, Aube, Ilalacritus, 
Schmidt, to which Acritus punciimn, Aub6, is to be referred, and 
Jlypocaccus, Thorns., containing Saprimis rugifrons and metcdlicus. 
The only one of these genera which is recognised as a genus in the 
European catalogue of Heyden, Reitter and Weise is Pachylo^nis. 
Ganglbauer does not mention Pacliylopiis, and treats the other three as 
not genera ; under these circumstances it is perhaps the best course 
in our limited fauna to keep to the old arrangement, at any rate for the 
present ; the differences do not appear to be very important. 

MICROMALUS, Lewis. 
In the Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 7 Ser. vol. xix. 
ol8 (11)07), Mr. Lewis forms a neAv genus, Micromcdus, to receive 
certain species hitherto included in Paromalus ; among these are both 
the species in our Msta, P. flavicornis, Herbst., tiiid parallelopipedus, 
Herbst. The generic name Micromcdus must therefore be substituted 
for these species. The new genus differs from Paromcdus (the type of 
which is complanatus, Panz.) in being somewhat cylindrical and 
elongate, but not much depressed as in P. complanatus, and the form 
of the presternum is on a different plan, being without strije and 
having the keel narrowed antei-iorly and not much flattened out ; the 
metasternum, moreover, throughout its length is relatively more 
narrow. 

NITIDULID^. 

CARPOPHILUS, Leach. 
C. sexpustulatus, F., has been usually regarded as an introduced 
insect, and as very doubtfully British. Mr. E. G. Bayford, however 
(Ent. Mo. Mag. slii. (2 Ser. xvii.) 1906, 17'J) recoi^ds two species taken 
under circumstances that would seem to give it a claim to be regarded as 
indigenous ; one of these was taken by himself, probably under bark, at 
Edlington or Wadworth Wood, Doncaster, and the other by Dr. 
Oorbett, at Sandall Beat, some four miles from these woods, under the 
bark of an elm. In February 1007 Dr. Corbett and Mr. Bayford cap- 
tured six more specimens in carcases of hooded crows in "Wheatley ^Yood, 
near Sandall Beat (Ent. Mo. Mag. xviii. 1907, p. 82). 

EPUR.flGA, Erichson. 
Dr. Joy (Ent. Mo. Mag. xliv. (2 Ser. xix.) 1908, 106) gives a very 
good table of the British species of this genus (excluding E. decemguitata 



112 



NITIDULID.*:. 



and E. diffusa, which fall under the subgenus Dadoj)ora, Thorns., which 
might well be given generic rank). We do not possess E. ohlonga, 
Herbst. ; the insects standing under this name in our collections must 
be referred to E. thoracica, Toui-n. 

I. Thorax broadest behind middle of sides, much 
more narrowed in front than behind. 
Species convex ; middle tibije of male simple. 



1. Club of antennse concolorous, last joint 
broader than penultimate .... 

2. Club of antennae dark, last joint narrower 
than penultimate. 

A. Size larger, more parallel-sided 

B. Size much smaller, sides more rounded . 
ii. Species more or less depres.sed. 

1. Thorax with anterior margin strongly 
emarginate. 

A. Elytra with very broad flattened side.s. 

a. Brown or brownish-black, thorax and 
elytra reddish at the sides ; club of 
antennje dark ..... 

b. Reddish-yellow, elytra sometimes to a 
greater or lesser extent blackish ; club 
of antennae concolorous. 

a*. Nari-ower ; more strongly and dif- 
fusely punctured ; apex of elytra more 
rounded ; middle tibiae of male simple . 

b*. Broader ; less strongly and more 
thickly punctured ; apex of elytra 
more truncate ; middle tibiae of male 
sinuate ...... 

B. Elytra with moderately broad, or quite 
narrow sides. 

a. Apex of elytra broad and truncate 

b. Apex of elytra rounded. 

a*. Elytra with very shoit shining golden 
hairs ; rust -red or reddish-yellow, elytra 
generally with a small dark discal spot ; 
middle tibia3 of male simple 
b*. Elytra with longer, not shining hairs ; 
middle tibiae of male sinuate. 
at. Narrower, less shining ; anterior 
margin of thorax more emarginate ; 
last joint of antennae distinctly nar- 
rower than penultimate 
bf . Broader, more shining ; anterior 
margin of thorax less emarginate ; 



E. -ESTIVA, Er. 



E. MELINA, Er. 
E. NANA, keitt. 



E. PARVULA, Sturm. 

E. DELETA, Er. 
E. SILACEA, Hbst. 

E. NEGLECTA, Heer. 
E. vARiEGATA, Herhst. 



E. OBSOLETA, F. 



NITIDULID.^. lis 

last joint of antennje about as broad 

as penultimate . . . . . E, termixalis, Mann. 

{immnnda, Sturm.) 
2. Thorax with anterior margin very slightly 
emarginate. 

A. Apex of elytra broad and truncate ; club 

of antennpe concolorous . . . . E. florea, £r. 

B. Apex of elytra rounded ; club of antennae 

darker . . . . . . . E. longula, Er. 

II. Thorax broadest at middle of sides, not or 

not much more narrowed in front than 

behind ; elytra parallel-sided as far as middle. 

i. Punctuation exti'emely fine ; last joint of 

antenna? infuscate . . . . . E. thoracica, Tourn. 

ii. Punctuation much stronger, 

1. Size larger ; club of an tennpe concolorous ; 

thorax a, little broader at base than at apex E. pusilla, lUig. 

2. Size smaller ; club of antennaj infuscate ; 

thorax a little narrower at base than at apex E. angustula, Sturm. 

E. nana, Reitt. (Verb. Nat. Yer. Brlinn, xii. 1873, 19). Most 
nearly allied to E. melina, Er., but very much smaller, more oval and 
less elongate, with the upper surface more shining and more finely 
punctured ; the antennse have the last two joints of the club abruptly 
black, the apical joint being broader than in E. melina and nearly as 
wide as the tenth ; the thorax is more nai^rowed behind and the elytra 
are more rounded at the apex. From E. cestiva, L., it may be known, 
apart from its small size, by the sparser punctuation of the upper 
surface, and the slightly narrower apical joint of the antenna?, this and 
the preceding joint being black. From E. Jforea, Er., and its allies, 
the short oval shape, and the colour of the club of the antennae will 
easily distinguish it. L. 2-2^ mm. 

Thorpe-le-Soken, Essex : one specimen taken by sweeping herbage 
in the vicinity of saltings by Mr. Champion, who records the species as 
British, Ent. Mo. Mag. xxxii. (2 Ser. vii.), 189G, 4 : Ganglbauer says that 
the species is rare in Northern and Central Europe under pine bark 
and in fungi, 

MELIGETHES, Stephens, 

M. viduatus, Sturm, var. sestimabilis, Reitt. (Seidlitz, Fauna 
Trans., Ed. ii., 1891; Ganglbauer, Iviifer. Mitteleurop. iii,, 514); 
M. sestimabilis, Reitt, (Berl. Ent, Zeitsch,, 1872, 133), This insect 
is distinguished from the type form by the more finely punctured elytra 
and the more distinct cross-striation or reticulation of their whole 
surface ; the sculpture is present to a less degree on the apical portion 
of 31. viduatus, but is often quite obsolete on the front part ; as, how- 
ever, intermediate specimens appear to occur it is best retained as a 
variety. L, If mm. 



114 NITIDULID^. 

Four examples have been taken in Cumberland by Mr. F. H. Day 
{v. Ent. Mo. Mag. xliv. (2 Ser. xix.) 1908, 89). 

In M. 2yediGularius, Gyll., the cross-striation of the elytra is wanting, 
and the upper surface is usually more strongly and deeply punctured ; 
the two species, however, can only be satisfactorily distinguished by the 
male characters ; in M. pedicularius the male has a large smooth 
tubercle at the extremity of the last abdominal segment, and behind 
this an inclined smooth and shiny space, while in M. viduatus this 
segment is simple. 

M. lugubris, Sturm, var. gagatinus, Er. (Naturg. Ins. 
Deutsch. iii., 201). This variety is larger and more convex than the 
type, with darker pubescence, and has the anterior tibiae more finely 
denticulate ; it has^ however, been genei-ally regarded as a variety ; 
Reitter, apparently, desires to separate it as a species on the structure 
of the last ventral segment in the male, which in 21. hcgubris has two 
small prominences separated by a shallow impression, whereas in 
M. gagatinus there is only a small raised titans verse band ; as however 
(according to Ganglbauer, who does not recognise the insects as separate) 
a complete set of transitional forms occur, there seems no reason to alter 
what I have said before, viz., that J/, gagatinus is not specifically distinct. 

M. bidentatus, Bris. (Mat. Cat. Gren., 1863, Gl). I have come to 
the conclusion that this insect must be struck out of our lists ; it is very 
close to M. eri/thropus, but is larger and has very peculiar male 
characters ; the tibife are wider, the forehead is roundly and deeply 
emarginate and there is an almost total absence of alutaceous markings 
on the elytra. 

The insect which I i^ecorded (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlvi. (2 Ser. xxi.), 
1910, p. 15) was wrongly determined ; I have since, through the kindness 
of Mr. Newbery, been enabled to see an authentic specimen of M. biden- 
tatus, and have not come across anything like it in the collections I have 
had experience of. 

CYCHRAMUS, Kugelann. 
C. fungicola, Heer., is regarded in the 1906 European Catalogue 
as a variety of C. luteals, F. Dr. Sharp {v. Ent. Mo. Mag. xxv., 1889, 
404) believes them to be the sexes of one species, 0. luteus being the 
male, and C.ftmgicola the female. Mr. Newbery tells me that he has 
on more than one occasion taken them in cop. in Highgate Wood on 
Umbelliferre, which strongly corroboi'ates Dr. Sharp's opinion. Mr. 
E. W. Janson (Ent. Ann., 1861, p. 66) states that out of a dozen 
specimens taken indiscriminately on the honeysuckle seven were 
C. fungicola and five C. luteus, but he gives reasons for considering 
them to be distinct species. 

RHIZOPHAGUS, Herbst. 
In R. dispar, Payk., the pygidium is indistinctly punctured, whereas 
in R. hipustulatus, F., it is strongly punctured. 



MONOTOMID.^. 115 

R. oblongicollis, Blatch and Horner (Ent, Mo, Mag. xxviii. 
(2 Ser. iii.), 1^92, o03) ; R. jmnctidatus, Guilleb, (Ann, Soc. Ent. Fr. 
1897, Bull. 226). Of a ferruginous colour throughout, although the 
head and thorax are occasionally dusky or pitchy ; the insect is more 
cylindrical and convex than the other species, except E. nitidulus, F., to 
which it most nearly approaches. Head rather elongate, very slightly 
narrowed behind, scarcely as wide as the thorax, uniformly punctured, 
the punctures being distinct and not close. Eyes rather small and not 
very prominent, antennpe ferruginous, with an ovate club ; thorax 
oblong, parallel-sided, with all the angles rounded, margined at sides and 
base, punctuation not close, a little stronger than that of the head, a 
distinct but very small space behind the centre smooth, base gently 
emarginate. Elytra elongate, narrowed behind, rather finely and 
closely punctured in regular rows, the sutural I'ows only being in evident 
strijfi, punctuation at sides finer than on disc, interstices equal, flat, and 
finely alutaceous, the sutural interstices only with a row of fine 
punctures on each. Legs ferruginous . Abdomen and underside 
punctured, the last ventral segment without any depression. 
L. 3^-4 mm, 

Sherwood Forest, Notts, and Bagot's Park, Stafibrdshire, vmder 
oak-bark (Blatch and Horner). Mr. Champion (Ent. Mo, Mag. xxxiii. 
(2 Ser. viii.), 1897, 278) points out that this insect is evidently conspecific 
with R. 2)unctulatus, Guillebeau, described from Nantua, Southern France : 
this insect is stated by its author to difler from R.fei-rugineus, Payk. 
and R. 2MrallelocoUis, Er., by the fine punctuation of the thorax, 
and the shortness of the second joint of the antennae, and from 
R. nitidulus, F., by its ferruginous colour and the absence of the fovea 
on the last ventral segment. Mr. Champion possesses a specimen 
from the Rev. T. Blackburn's British collection, without locality 
attached. 

MONOTOMIDiE. 

MONOTOMA, Herbst. 
M. Fauvel (Ent, Mo. Mag. xxxi. (2 Ser. vi.), 1895, 141), in a letter to 
Mr. Champion, has pointed out that I am in error in considering 
M. qitadrifoveolata, Aube, as synonymous with Jl. subqioadrifoveolata, 
Wat.j and that the synonymy ought to stand as follows : 

1. 21. rufa, Redt., 1849 : 

JSubquadrifoveolata, Waterh. 
Quadri-imjiressa, Reitt. 
Ferruginea, Bris. 
Quadrifoveolata^ Fowl. 

2. M. quadrifoveolata, Aube, Crotch. 

Sid>quadrifoveolata, Fowl. 

This alteration must therefore be made (y. Brit. Col. iii. p. 274). 



116 LATHKIDIID^. 



LATHRIDIIDiE. 



LATHRIDIUS, Heibst. 
L. bergrothi, Reitt. (Yerh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 1880, 53). In 
gener.al appeaiance something like Enicmus transrers^ls, 01., but at 
once distinguished by its larger size, and the sharply carinate interstices 
of the elytra (there are three prominent carina3 on each elytron and the 
suture is also raised), the margins of the latter being also conspicuously 
explanate towards base; according to Ganglbauer (Die Kafer von 
Mitt. Eur. iii. 781), the chief distinguishing point between this and 
allied species seems to be that on the posterior half of the elytra 
between the last raised interstice and the side maigin, instead of the 
usual double row of punctures there are four rows ; this is very 
evident vmder a good lens ; the upper surface is somewhat dull, ferru- 
ginous, with the head and thorax usually darker, without pubescence ; 
head narrower than thorax, with rather small prominent eyes ; antenna3 
with a feeble club ; thorax about as long as broad, gradually nan-owed 
behind apex, sub-parallel behind, finely rugose ; elytra ample, ovate, 
much broader than thorax, carinate and with the interstices punctured ; 
legs red. L. 2-2J mm. 

Four taken by Professor Carr from a dried specimen of Burdock 
(Aretinm) in the herbarium of the University College, Nottingham, 
and introduced as British by the Bev. A. Thornley (Ent. Mo. Mag. 
xxxvii. (2 Ser. xii.), 1901, 18) ; afterwards taken in numbers by Mr. W. 
Holland in his cellar at Oxford by beating firewood faggots and 
lumber. London in a granary (Donisthorpe) ; Reading and Wells, 
Norfolk (Joy) ; Southampton (Gorhnm) ; Winlaton, Durham (Bagnall) ; 
Chesham (Eiliman) ; Loudwater, Bucks, in moss (W, E. Sharp) ; Carlisle 
(Day) ; West Malvern (Tomlin) ; Plymouth (Keys). It is gradually 
spreading its range on the Continent ; it was not described vintil 1880, 
and has been found in Russia, Denmark, Germany, Austria, Silesia, 
and France. It has comparatively recently been described, as pointed 
out by Mr. Holland, as having been found in an old straw hat at 
Wimereux, Pas de Calais, and in old baskets in Normandy. 

ENICMUS, Thomson. 

E. fungicola, Thorns. (Skand. Col. x. 33G). Pitchy black, with 
the elytra reddish-brown and the antennfe and legs ferruginous ; head 
obsoletely channelled, with the eyes large and prominent ; thorax a 
little shorter than broad, scarcely cordate, with the sides dilated before 
the middle and obsoletely crenulate, central longitudinal channel more 
or less distinct, elytra about twice as broad and four times as long 
as thorax, slightly shiny, with veiy finely punctured strife, which, with 
the exception of the strong sutural stria, become obsolete towards 
apex ; underside pitchy black. L. l|-2-| mm. 

Edenhall, Cumberland, in dry fungi on a tree, May 13, 1906 ; taken 



LATHRIDIID^. 117 

by Mr. Bi-itten and recorded by Mr. E. A. Newbery (Ent. Mo. Mag. 
xliii. (2 Ser. xviii.) lt)07, 103); Cannock Chase (Tomlin) ; Aviemore, 
Scotland (Champion) ; Egglestone-in-Teesdale (Gardner) ; Langworthby 
(Day). Closely allied to E. rugosus, Herbst., but larger and broader 
and differently colom-ed, and further distinguished by the absence of 
impressed lines on the first ventral segment of the abdomen ; the 
differences in the central channel and the lateral and basal impressions 
of the thorax are not reliable as they vary in different specimens of 
E. rugosus. Ganglbauer records the species as very rare, but as 
widely spread over North Europe, Germany, Austria and Hungary ; 
it is very distinct and an interesting addition to our list. 

E. histrio, Joy and Tomlin (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlvi. (2 Ser. xxi.) 
1910, 250). Closely allied to E. transvei^sus, and probably to be found 
with that species in many collections. It is, however, abundantly 
distinct, being smaller and less elongate ; the club of the autennie is 
plainly shorter ; the thorax is more rugose and duller, and the borders 
are evidently narrower ; the elytra are shorter and broader in pro- 
portion, with the stria3 much more strongly punctured ; the punctures 
are more closely placed, and the interstices are convex; on the first 
ventral segment there are about six very fine, short, impressed lines 
starting from near the jjosterior coxje, whereas in E. transversus there 
is a single, well-marked, long impressed line on this segment. The 
sedeagus in the male is simple, veiy slightly curved, about four times 
as long as broad, with the apex not sharply pointed ; in E. transversus 
it is very remarkable, being long and thin, sharply pointed at the 
apex, and strongly bent twice at a right angle, somewhat like the 
letter Z. L. If-l^ mm. 

The species is generally distributed and is visually found in hay. 
It is probably very widely distributed : Oxford; Bradfield ; Southport 
(189S); Herefordshire (Whitbourne-on-Teme, Symond's Yat, Malton 
and West Malvern). I have two specimens from the late W. Gurney's 
collection, taken by him in hay rubbish in 1859 at Bedingfield, Suffolk, 
and there are others in Dr. Sharp's collection. 

CORTICARIA, Marsham. 
Corticaria, Mai-sh (Ent. Brit. i. 106; Mann. Germ, Zeitschr. 
V. 16; Lacordaire, Gen. Col. ii. 437; Thorns. Skand. Col. v. 224; 
Ganglbauer, Die Kafer von Mitteleuropa, iii. 793). In the Ento- 
mologist's Monthly Magazine (vol. xliv. 2 Ser. xix. (1908) 125), Dr. 
Joy has published a valuable paper entitled "Notes on the genus 
Corticaria" in which he describes three species not hitherto recoi'ded 
as British, and a fourth which had only recently been introduced ; two 
of these, C. linearis, Payk., and C. longicoUis, Zett., I had already, as 
he says, particularly mentioned as likely to occur in Britain (Col. 
Brit. Islands, iii. 292), and I think it very probable that many other 
of the Continental species which belong to these minute and obscure 
genera, will before long find a place in our lists, seeing that so much 



118 



LATHRIDIID^. 



interest is being taken in them by some of our most energetic workers. 
Dr. Joy also adds a new and complete table of the genus proper, 
which is here quoted : 

I, Elytra with longer, somewhat erect pubes- 
cence, or with alternate rows of longer and 
shorter hairs. 

i. Eyes feebly convex and not prominent, 

temples well developed ; antennse with the 

iirst two joints of the club not longer 

than broad ; colour rust-red or reddish 

testaceous ; elytra with alternate rows of 

longer and shorter hairs 
ii. Eyes strongly convex and prominent. 

1. Temples well developed; thorax much 
narrower than elytra ; all the joints of 
the club of the antennae evidently longer 
than broad ; size larger 

2. Temples rudimentary ; thorax broader 
in proportion to elytra ; first two joints 
of the club of the antennae abovxt as long 
as broad ; size smaller .... 

II. Elytra with shorter, depressed pubes- 
cence, the hairs being of equal length. 

i. Antennae with at least the first joint of 
the club distinctly longer than broad 

ii. Antennas with the first two joints of the 
club globose, as long as broad or some- 
what transverse. 

1. Elytra with punctured stripe evanescent 
behind middle ; species convex and broad. 

2. Elytra with punctured striae continued 
to apex ...... 

A. Size larger ; length l'8-2-5 mm. ; 
temples obsolete or absent. 

a. Sides of thorax strongly serrate 

b. Sides of thorax obsoletely serrate. 
a*. Colour dark bi-own ; elytra more de- 
pressed, shoulders with well marked 
callosities ..... 

b*. Colour testaceous ; elytra more 
convex, shoulders with callosities 
obsolete ...... 

B. Size smaller; length l*o-l"8 mm.; 
temples small, but distinct. 

a. Thoi^ax strongly punctured ; elytra 
somewhat rounded at sides. 



C. FULVA, Com. 

C. PUBESCENS, Gyll. 
C. CRENULATA, Gyll. 
C. DENTICULATA, Gyll. 



C. FENESTRALIS, L. 

C. SERRATA, Payh. 

C. LINEARIS, Payk. 
C. EPPELSHEIMI, Reitt. 



LATHRIDIID/E. 11^ 

a*. Thorax much narrower than elytra^ 
scarcely ti\ansvei'se, broadest before 
middle ; elytra more rounded at 

sides ; pubescence not conspicuous . C. loxgicollis, Zett. 
b*. Thorax not much narrower than 
elytra, strongly transverse, broadest 
at middle ; elytra less rounded at 

sides ; pubescence conspicuous . . C. chenicollis, Mannh. 
b. Thorax finely punctured, elytra par- 
allel-sided ...... C. EL0XC4ATA, Gljll. 

III. Elytra with rows of short erect bristles, 

parallel-sided and cylindrical . . . C, umbilicata, Beck. 

C. linearis, Payk. (Faun. Suec. i. (1798), 302). Rather elongate, 
slightly convex, moderately shining, with very fine and thin decumbent 
pubescence ; head and thorax black, elytra pitchy black or brownish- 
black with the shoulders ferruginous, antennteand legs ferruginous, the 
club of the former sometimes darker ; head narrower than the thorax with 
very short but distinct temples ; antennae with joints 4, 5, and G a little 
longer than broad, 7th and 8th globose, the first two joints of the club 
as long as broad ; thorax much narrower than elyti-a, about as long as 
broad, evenly more or less rounded and feebly dentate at the sides, 
rather strongly and thickly punctured, with a deep round fovea before 
the middle of the base ; elytra oblong, with the shoulders rounded but 
almost rectangular, and with rather well-marked callosities, somewhat 
depressed, broadest in the middle, rather strongly punctured in rows, 
and with much finer rows of punctures on the interstices ; male with 
the anterior tibiae very feebly curved on their inner side behind the 
apex, first joint of the tarsi dilated, fifth ventral segment ^•ery feebly 
impressed at apex. L. lf-2 mm, 

Bradfield, two specimens (Joy) ; the species occurs in Northern 
Europe and North Asia, and also in Germany and Austria in mountainous 
districts on pine and fir trees. 

This insect may be known from C. serrata by its proportionately 
narrower thorax, with the sides much less strongly serrate, and by 
the more depressed and more parallel-sided elytra. 

C. epelsheimi, Reitt. (Stett. Ent. Zeit. 1875, 423). Exceedingly 
closely allied to C. linearis, but distinguished by its entirely ferruginous 
or reddish-yellow colour and more convex elytra, which are more 
strongly rounded at the shoulders, and also by the fact that the inter- 
stices of the elytra are more or less distinctly rugose transversely ; the 
antenna?, moreover, are slightly longer and more slender and the 
humeral callosities are less developed. L. l|-2 mm. 

Woking (common in powdery fungi on fir stumps during one 
season only) and New Foiest (Chan)pion) ; Ganglbauer mentions the 
species as " very rare," and as occurring in Finland, Austria and 
Germany. 



120 LATHRIDIID^. 

C. longicoUis, Zett. (Ins. Lapp., 200). A small, and entirely 
ferruginous species, which may be easily distinguished by the very thick 
rugose punctuation of the thorax, and by the convex, oval, and more or 
less rugose elytra which are coarsely punctured in thick set rows ; the 
pubescence is very fine and short. The head is narrower than the 
thorax with short but distinct temples ; the antennae have the fourth 
joint somewhat longer than broad, the following joints are short, and the 
two first joints of the club are transverse ; the thorax is much narrower 
than the elytra, as long as broad or plainly transverse, broader a little 
before the middle, feebly dentate at the sides, with the hind angles 
produced into a distinct tooth, very thickly and rugosely punctured, 
and with a rather large fovea at middle of base ; elytra longish oval, 
broader in the middle, moderately convex, with rounded shoulders, 
with strong rows of punctures which become obsolete towards apex, 
interstices nari-ovv and rugose ; male with the first joint of the anterior 
tarsi slightly dilated, fifth ventral segment with a somewhat deep 
transverse fovea. L. l^-lf mm. 

The species was first noticed as British by Mr. Pool, who took it 
under bark at Epping ; Richmond Park (Rye and Champion) ; Darenth 
Wood, under bark (Donisthorpe) ; Malvern, in cellar, and Sherwood 
Forest, under bark (Tomlin) : according to Ganglbauer {I.e. iii. 804) it 
is not rare in nests of Formica rufa and exsecta. 

C. crenicoUis, Mannh. (Germ. Zeitschi-., v. 37). Entirely yellow 
or reddish-yellow, rather elongate ; head narrower than thorax, with 
short but distinct temples behind the eyes, distinctly punctured ; thorax 
broader than long, at broadest about as wide as the elytra, with the 
sides strongly rounded and denticulate, thickly and compai-atively 
strongly punctured, with a deep impression (round or transverse) before 
the base ; elytra oblong, subparallel, plainly, though finely pubescent, 
with the sides feebly rounded, and with I'atlier strong rows of punc- 
tures, the interstices being more or less rugose ; the sculpture becomes 
more or less obsolete towards apex ; legs yellow-red. Male with 
the first joint of the anterior tarsi somewhat widened, and the 
fifth ventral segment of the abdomen with a transverse impression. 
L, lj-l|^ mm. 

Basildon, Berks, in dead and quite dry oak branches (Joy) ; Farnham 
(Power) ; Chiddingfold, Surre}^, in moss in company with ants 
(Donisthorpe) ; Peckham (ex Coll. Chaney) ; Wicken Fen, very 
abundant in sedge stack refuse (Beare and Donisthorpe). 

It appears to be a scarce species, but has occurred in North Europe, 
Germany, France, Spain and Madeira. 

The species is most closely allied to C. longicoUis, Zett., from which 
it differs in having a broader thorax and more parallel elytra, and in its 
distinctly more conspicuous pubescence ; from C. serrata, Payk., it may 
be known by its smaller size, lighter colour, and more parallel and less 
strongly punctured elytra. Superficially it resembles 0. elongata, Gyll., 
but may be at once known by the shape of the thorax and the fact that 



LATHRIDIID^. 121 

the elytra are distinctly, though slightly, rounded at the sides, whereas 
in the last-named species the sides are quite pai'allel. 

C. truncatella, Mann. (Germ. Zeitschr., v. 59). Very closely allied 
to C. fulvipes, of which it is regarded as a variety by 13elon (Revue 
d'Entom. Caen, 1897, 205); it may, however, be distinguished by its 
entirely reddish-yellow colour (in C. falvijyes the breast and abdomen 
are always, and the elytra are generally, fuscous), thick-set shape, 
proportionately broader thorax, the shape of the antennal club and 
the absence of callosities at the shoulders ; head much narrower than 
the thorax, without pronounced temples behind the eyes ; antennse 
slender, with a longish club, of which the first joint is plainly longer 
than broad ; thorax about twice as broad as long, strongly and regularly 
rounded at the sides, with sharp projecting tooth-like hind angles; 
elytra oval and convex, with strong punctured stride, which are deeper 
at the sides, and with very fine rows of punctures on the slightly raised 
interstices ; first joint of the front tarsi dilated in both sexes, but more 
strongly in the male ; in the latter sex the front tibiog are rather 
strongly thickened and the front tibife are furnished with a small tooth 
on their inner side before the middle ; tiiese characters of the male are 
the same as in C.fulvijyes. L. li-lf mm. 

Dr. Joy, who intx'oduced the species as British (Ent. Record, xx, 
(1908) 91), records the capture of two specimens by himself in Norfolk 
(August, 1904), probably at Sherijigham or "Wells ; Mr. Newbery has 
also taken it at Lowestoft ; it is probably veiy widely distributed, but 
overlooked. 

Dr. Sharp (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlvi. (2 Ser. xxi.) 1910, 105), gives 
some interesting notes on the genus Corticaria and describes two new 
species ; like Ganglbauer, he rejects the genus Gorticarina of Reitter, 
as there is nothing to distinguish it from Corticaria except the existence 
of a minute denticle on the anterior tibia of the male ; this denticle is in 
some cases very difiicult to detect, and is clearly inadequate as a generic 
distinction. 

Unlike Ganglbauer, however, he accepts Melanojihtliahna, Mots., as 
a good genus ; he says that in the last-named genus " the species have 
in common a positive character that distinguishes them satisfactorily, 
viz., the existence of strongly marked coxal lines on the first ventral 
segment. Moreover, I find a supporting character in the structure of 
the feet, viz., that in Melanojythalma the second tarsal joint is simply 
interposed between the first and third, so that the tarsi are conspicuously 
three-jointed and ai-e quite linear, as there is not any dilatation of the 
basal joint. In Corticarina the basal joint is enlarged and the second 
joint is inserted so far forward on its upper surface that it is frequently 
difiicult to detect. Several species of Corticaria and one of Cortioarhia 
{C. gibbosa) are intermediate as regards the tarsal structure ; never 
theless it remains true that Melanophthalma forms the extreme of the 
series in this respect, and, therefore, may be quite naturally retained 
on account of its coxal lines. The genus Jlelanop/dhabna, then, will 



122 LATHRIDIID^. 

comprise only two British species, M. transt'ersalis and M. distinguenda ; 
our other species must be placed as a section of Corticaria, and it is to 
this section that the two new species described by Dr. Sharp belong ; 
with regard to the first, C. lainhiana, it is interesting as being the most 
highly developed species belonging to the section Corticarina as regards 
the tarsal structure, but the least developed as regards the tibial 
denticle of the male (which is almost obsolete). C. fowleriana^ on 
the other hand, departs from its immediate ally, G. fuscula, and 
approaches Melanophthalma in the form of the head, there being a 
well marked interval between the back of the eye and the constriction 
behind it." 

C.lambiana, Sharp (Lc. lOG). Closely allied to C. similata, Gyll., 
but rather smaller (our C. similata average ^ mm. in length), with 
shorter, more oval elytra, more transverse thorax, much shorter legs, 
and finer sculpture and pubescence on the elytra ; the first joint of 
the tarsi is in each sex thicker, and the second joint is inserted so 
far back on the first joint that it scarcely projects beyond the end of it, 
and the tarsi appeal's to be two-jointed. In the male the anterior 
tibire are denticulate, but the little tooth is placed so much at the back 
of the tibia (as in C truncateUa) that it is, on account of this, and the 
small size and short tibia, very difiicult to detect, whereas in the male 
of C similata it is veiy conspicu.ous. L. 1|- mm. 

New Forest, 1908 and 1909; found on an oak tree; it was first 
discovered by Mr. C. G. Lamb, of Cambridge ; it occurred in company 
with C. similata; the latter very rare species has been taken recently 
by Mr. Champion at Woking and by Dr. Sharp in Scotland as well as 
in the New Forest ; in the latter locality it has only occurred on the 
oak, but at Nethey Bridge, X.B., it was taken by Dr. Sharp from the 
spruce fir. C. lamhiana, however, has only as yet occurred on the 
one small oak tree on which Mr. Lamb originally discovered it. 
Subsequently recorded by Mr. Champion from Seaton, Devon. 

C. fowleriana. Sharp. {I.e. 108). Allied to C. fuscida, but 
moi'e convex, with a longer and more coarsely punctate thoi-ax, and 
remarkable for the coarse sculjDture of the elytia, their convex inter- 
stices, and their more highly developed setosity. The legs are stouter, 
with thicker tarsi, and the eyes are moi-e distant from the thorax as 
they are not close to the constriction that forms the neck of the head. 
Dr. Sharp says that after the examination of a long series of the 
varieties of C. fuscida he feels certain of the distinction of the form, nor 
does he believe that it can be referred to the rare variety of C. fuscula, 
found in Lapland by Sahlberg and described by him (Notes Fauna, 
Flora, Fenn. xi. 1871, p. 359) as C. Zrt^?}?e?mis, as, although approaching 
it by having moi^e convex interstices on the elytra, and by the shorter 
and more developed setosity, it differs considerably in other particulars, 
especially as regards the head and thorax. L. 1| mm. 

Braemar, June 1871. One specimen taken by Dr. Sharp ; it is the 
example referred to by me (Brit. Col. iii. 294) as a variety of C. similata, 



CUCUJID^. 12a 

which was at that time only represented in British collections by one 
or two specimens. 

MELANOPHTHALMA, Motschulsky. 

M. transversalis, Gyll. (Ins. Suec. iv. 133). Hitherto the var. 
Wollastoni, Wat., has only appeared in our lists, but Mr. Donisthorpe 
has recently taken the type form at Pevensey (Ent. Record, xvii. 1905, 
p. 103) ; it is a little smaller and narrower than the variety, which was 
first taken by Wollaston at Mablethorpe, Lincolnshire, and subsequently 
by myself in numbers at the same locality. It has also been recorded 
from Sheerness, Darenth, Chatham, Southend, Ivingsgate, Wicken Fen, 
Weymouth, Devonshire, and co. Cork. M. transversalis is apparently 
a very variable species. 

M. distinguenda. Com. (Coleopt. Nov. 38) ; M. angulata, WoU. 
(Cat. Canar. Col. 148). Ferruginous, with black-brown or black 
elytra, or entirely ferruginous or reddish-yellow ; antennse and legs 
yellow, the club of the former occasionally dai-ker ; thorax considerably 
narrower than elytra, before the middle somewhat angulated, and from 
this strongly contracted in front, more feebly behind ; transverse 
impression not strong ; elytra oval and convex with strongly punctured 
strije and rows of rather long hairs. In the male the last joint of the 
anterior tarsi, on the inner side near the middle, is armed with a 
distinct spiriform tooth. L. l|^-2 mm. 

Lundy Island (Joy, 1905) ; Ent. Mo. Mag. xli. (2 Ser. xvi.), 1905, 
p. 275. Not uncommon. 

Ganglbauer says the species is most closel}^ allied to M. transversalis, 
from which it differs in its shorter form and the characteristic pu.bes- 
cence of the elytra. In general shape, however, it rather resembles 
G. fuscida, Gyll., and C. carta, Woll., from both of which it is easily 
separable. 

CUCUJID^. 

L-ffiMOPHLCEUS, Stephens. 

L. monilis. Fab. (Mont. Ins. 1787, 116 ; Er. Naturg. Ins. 
Deutsch. iii. 316) ; L. denticulatiijS, Preyssl. (Mayer, Samml. Phys. 
Aufs. i. 1791, 117, t. 3,/. 17). By far the largest and most conspicuous 
species of the genus which we possess ; it is, however, very variable in 
size. 

Male : depressed, shining, head and thorax reddish, elytra pitchy, 
each with a reddish -yellow spot on the disc, antenna? and legs reddish- 
yellow ; head large, broader than thorax, finely punctured ; mandibles 
bifid, prominent ; antennas long, with the joints longer than broad ; 
thorax very transverse, strongly contracted behind, as broad as the 
elytra, finely punctured, with a deep stria on each side, parallel with 
margin, sides slightly denticulate ; elytra very finely punctured, with 



124 CUCUJID^. 

three finely punctured strife and a raised line near the margins ; legs 
comparatively short. 

Female : similar to the male, but with the head distinctly narrower 
than the thorax, the antennfe shorter, with at least the eighth and 
tenth joints as broad as long, the thorax not nearly so much contracted 
behind and considerably narrower than the elytra, and the elytral 
spots mvich larger. L. -|-5 mm. 

Streatle}^, Berks. (Joy and Chitty) : about a dozen specimens 
found under beech bark in October 11)05, and a few subsequently in 
the same tree. It occurs in Northern and Central Europe, chiefly 
under beech bark, but also under bark of plane trees. 

This is one of the most interesting additions to our list that has 
been made for some years. 

HYPOCOPRUS, Motschulsky. 

H. quadricollis, Reitt. (Verb, zool.-bot. Ges. Wien., 1877, 180). 
This is the insect standing in our collections as H. lathridioides, Mots., 
which has not hitherto occurred in Britain. The species are very 
closely allied, but R. qiuidricoUis is distinguished by having the head 
plainly narrower than the thorax, the thorax considerably narrower 
than the elytra, not longer than broad, and the elytra distinctly 
shorter, being only twice instead of two and a half times as long as 
together broad. The size is the same in both species, 1-1^ mm. 

In the Ent. Mo. Mag., vol. xxxix. (2 Ser. xiv.) 1903, 301, Mr. 
E. A. Butlei', in recording several specimens from Camber, near Rye, 
says that Mr. Newbery has pointed out the necessity of the above 
alteration to him, and that its correctness has since been confirmed by 
Mr. Champion. 

SILVANUS, Latreille. 

S. mercator, Fauvel (Rev. d'Entom. Caen. 1889, 132, note); 
S. frumentarius, Duv. (Gen. Col. d'Eur. ii. pi. 50, f. 248). Very 
closely allied to ;S'. surinamensis, L., but distinguished by its larger 
eyes, and as a consequence the small tuberculiform temples, which 
equal only one-fifth of the diameter of the eyes, and by the male 
characters ; the antenna? are somewhat shorter and have the two 
penultimate joints more transverse. In the male the head and pos- 
terior trochanters are unarmed, and the posterior femora are dentate ; 
in the female the posterior femoi-a are unarmed and the posterior 
trochanters are very small and simple. L. 2^—3^ mm. 

King's Lynn, in a bakery (Tomlin) ; Merton, Surrey (Newbery) ; 
Oxford (Walker). A very useful table of the species of Silvanus is 
given by Mr. Champion in the Entomologist's Monthly Magazine for 
1896 (xxxii. (2 8er. vii.), p. 268), and he there predicts thixt S . mercator 
is certain eventually to be found in Britain. Mr. Tomlin's record 
appeared in 1905 (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlv. (2 Ser. xvi.) 37). 

This is one of the unsatisfactory introductions that, apparently, 



CRYPTOPHAGID^. 



125 



must be given a place in the British list, but which are in no sense 
indigenous; it is impossible, however, to draw the line, and many 
more of the same soit will probably be added from time to time. 



CRYPTOPHAGID^S:. 

CRYPTOPHAGUS, Herbst. 
This is one of our most difficult genera, and its composition has been 
somewhat more complicated of late years by the discovery of fi^esh 
species and especially by doubtful questions as to varieties. A con- 
siderable amount of attention was given to the genus by the late Mr. 
A. J. Chitty, whose loss both as a friend and a worker we so much 
deplore ; had he lived he would probably have done very much more to 
advance the knowledge of our Coleopterous fauna. As it was, however, 
he wrote very little, and we therefore have much pleasure in including 
his table of the genus Gryptoipliagus in this work, as it appears to us to 
be the best yet published (Ent. Mo. Mag. xliii. (2 Ser. xviii, ), 1907, 165). 
The position of the six species now added to our list is indicated under 
their descriptions, but they are not included in this table, as this 
would have necessitated a good deal of alteration of the whole in one 
or two cases. 

I. Elytra with the pubescence entirely de- 
cumbent, without longer outstanding hairs, 
i. Eyes with tolerably tine facets. Antennte 
stoutei', the seventh joint not or hardly 
longer than broad. 

1. The thickened part of the anterior 
angles of the thorax (callosities) occupy- 
ing a fourth or fifth of the sides. 
A. The lateral tootli of the tliorax in or 
near the middle of the side. 

a. Antennte with a two- jointed club 

b. Antennae with a three-jointed club. 



PUBESCEXS, Sturm. 



a*. Elytra closely but not sti'ongly 
punctured, punctuation almost the 
same at apex as at base . . , validus, Kraatz. 

b*. Elytra becoming much more finely 
punctured at apex, 
af. Thorax almost as long as broad, 
with strongly thickened anterior 
angles, and the sides almost straight 
with an obsolete middle tooth . fumatus, Marsh. 

bf. Thorax strongly transverse, with 
less strongly thickened anterior 
angles and a distinct middle tooth. 



126 



CRYPTOPHAGID.-E 



aa. Thorax with sides more or less 

strongly margined. 

*. Elytra with the punctures at 

base as strong as those of the 

thorax, but more widely separated ; 

colour uniform reddish. 

•f. Average size larger ; punctures 

finer, hair longer 
tf . Average size smaller ; punctures 
coarser, hair shorter and more 
sparing . . . . , 

**. Elytra with the punctuation at 
base decidedly or at least per- 
ceptibly finer than that of the 
thorax. 
t. Antennai stout ; colour ferru- 
ginous, the elytra sometimes 
with a black patch at the suture 
spreading out towards the sides ; 
often, however, entirely ferru- 
ginous ; usually the largest 
species, but occasionally quite 
small ..... 
f f . Antennae less stout ; elytra 
dark, with a reddish-brown base 
or entirely ferruginous or 
brownish-yellow. 
J. Smaller, sides of thorax more 
angled at the central tooth, 
which is distinct ; elytra shorter 
in proportion to thorax ; pubes- 
cence shorter .... 
J|. Larger, thorax less angled at 
the central tooth, which is 
small ; elytra longer in propor- 
tion to thorax ; pubescence 
longer ; colour ferruginous 
bb. Sides of thorax very feebly mar- 
gined, the whole insect parallel- 
sided ...... 

B. The lateral tooth of the thorax well 
before the middle of the side. 

a. Shorter and broader, thorax strongly 
margined at sides .... 

b. Narrower and slighter, thorax less 
strongly margined .... 



BADius, Sturm. 



FuscicoRNis, Sturm. 



POPULi, Payk. 



SCANICUS, L. 



SUBFUMATUS, Kr. 



CYLiNDRus, Kiesw. 

(jxcraUelus, Bris.) 



SAGINATUS, Sturm. 
DENTATUS, Ilerbst. 



CRYPTOPHAGID^. 



127 



2. The thickened part of the anterior 
angles of the tliorax occupying only a 
sixth or seventh of the sides. 

A. The lateral tooth of the thorax before 
the middle of the sides, very indistinct 

B. The lateral tooth of the thoi-ax in the 
middle of the sides, distinct. 

a. Shorter and more convex, punctuation 
stronger ; thorax more parallel-sided, 
lateral tooth smaller . 



b. Longer and slighter, punctuation 
weaker ; thorax more contracted be- 
hind, lateral tooth stronger 
ii. Eyes with larger facets ; antennfe some- 
what slender, especially joints 6, 7 and 8, 
and fifth and seventh joints longer than 
broad ; anterior angles of thorax reflexed 
and produced into a large hook-shaped 
tooth ....... 

II. Elytra with longer, more erect outstand- 
ing hairs, in addition to the more or less 
decumbent pubescence. 
i. Anterior angles of thorax with a tooth, 
which may, however, be blunt ; lateral 
tooth in or behind middle of sides of thorax. 

1. Anterior tibiis produced externally into 
a distinct tooth ; upper surface strongly 
punctured and setose .... 

2, Anterior tibife not so produced ; upper 
surface less strongly punctured. 

A. Eyes with large facets ; elytra longer, 
finely and closely pvinctured ; between 
the long and somewhat decumbent 
pubescence are a few outstanding long 
and less decumbent hairs arranged 
in rows . ..... 

B. Eyes with facets normal, but not so 
small as in Section I. i. ; elytra shorter, 
moi'B coarsely punctured, with less 
dose decumbent pubescence ; out- 
standing hairs not in rows, except in 
ajfinis, in which species they are easily 
abraded. 

a. Elytra and thox'ax strongly and evenly 



SCUTELLATUS, JVew7n. 
{bicolor, Sturm.) 



UMBRATUS, M; 

(riijficornis, Reitt., nee 
Steph.) 



DiSTiNGUENDUS, Sturm. 



ACUTANGULUS, Gyll. 



LYCOPERDi, Herbst. 



CELLARIS, Scop. 



128 



CRYPTOPHAGID^. 



punctured, 'thorax almost square, colour 
wholly or in part dark 
b. Elytra and thorax not so punctured, 
thorax transverse, colour ferruginous. 
a*. The thickened part of the anterior 
angles of the thorax occupying a 
sixth of the sides, and prolonged 
behind into a sharp tooth ; thorax 
nearly one and a half times as broad 
as long, 
af. Elytra with the punctures at base 
about three times as far apart from 
one another as are those on the 
thorax, pubescence longer and more 
abundant ..... 
bf. Elytra with the punctures at base 
hardly less coarse than those of 
thorax, pubescence less abundant 
and not so long .... 
b*. The thickened part of the anterior 
angles of the thorax occupying a 
fourth or fifth of the sides, and blunt 
or feebly toothed behind, outstand- 
ing hairs in rows, thorax about twice 
as broad as long .... 
ii. Anterior angles of thorax not produced 
into a tooth ; lateral tooth before, or at 
any rate not behind, middle of thorax 
(but the character is difficult to appre- 
ciate) ; sides of thorax strongly margined. 

1. Short and broad, very coarsely punc- 
tured ....... 

2. Somewhat elongate, much more finely 
punctured ...... 



RUFicoRNis, Steph. 



PUXCTiPENNis, Bris. 



piLosus, Gyll. 



AFFiNis, Sturm. 



SETULOSUS, Sturon. 
scHMiDTi, Sturm. 



G. lycoim'di, Herbst., may be distinguished from^C. setulosus, 
Sturm., which it superficially i"esembles, by having joints 9-10 of the 
antennaj not strongly transverse ; in the latter species they are 
strongly transverse. C. 2nlosns, Gyll., may be known from both by its 
finer punctuation and the less coarse pubescence of the elytra. I have 
recorded it (Brit. Col. iii. 316) as one of the commonest species of 
the genus, but have since then modified my opinion, and believe that I 
must have confused it Avith 0. badius, Sturm., which I have spoken of 
(I.e. p. 320) as one of the less common species, whereas it is apparently 
much commoner than C. pilosics. Mr. Newbery has sent me the 
following additional characters for distinguishing these last two 
species : 



CRYPTOPHAGID.^. 129 

Anterior angles of thorax callose, but not strongly 
cvip-shaped, bearing a sharp spine directed 
backwards. Pubescence of elj'tra with longer 
hairs outstanding fx^om the decumbent pubes- 
cence. Anterior tibiae of the male triangularly 
dilated from base to apex . . . ,0. pilosus, Gyll. 

Anterior angles of thorax strongly cup-shaped, not 
bearing a spine. Pubescence of the elytra short, 
even, without longer hairs. Anterior tibia^ almost 
linear in the male, and more slender in both 
sexes than in C. jnlosus C. badius, Sturm. 

C. bimaculatus, Panz. (Faun. Germ. 57, 7). A small species 
which may be known from all others by the coloration and the struc- 
ture of the thoi-ax, which is very transverse, about twice as broad as 
long, with the sides scarcely rounded, and strongly and I'egularly 
serrated, there being no trace of the stronger lateral tooth, which is 
usually such a constant character in the genus. The general colour is 
reddish-brown, variable in shade, rather shining, with a more or less 
defined black band across the elytra ; this is divided often at the suture 
and gives the insect a bimaculate appeai'ance ; the head is thickly and 
rather deeply punctured^ and the antennae are rather short and slender ; 
the thorax is somewhat convex, deeply and very thickly punctured, 
and the elytra are longish oval, gently rounded at the sides, rather 
strongly and not veiy closely punctured in front, more finely behind. 
L. lf-2]- mm. 

Taken by Mr. Halbert and the late Mr. C. W. Buckle from June 
to September 1902 by sweeping amongst large beds of rushes on the 
shore of Lough Neagh, Ireland, bordering Shane's Castle demesne. 
Introduced by Mr. Halbert as British (Irish Naturalist, xix. 2, p. 30, 
February 1910). 

This insect is one of the most distinct of all the members of the 
genus Cryptophagus. Ganglbauer (who places it first in his table and 
first in his descriptions of the species) says that it is found rarely in 
North and Central Europe and Siberia. 

C. loevendali, Ganglbauer = C. pubescens, var. loevendali, 
Ganglbauer (Die Kiifer von Mitteleuropa, iii. G78 (1899)). This 
specias very closely resembles C. j)uhe&cens, Sturm., but it has the club 
of the antenna? three-jointed instead of apparently two-jointed as in 
the last-named species, the ninth joint being only slightly less dilated 
than the eleventh ; it may further be known from this species by its 
darker colour and the rounded sides of the thorax ; it resembles in 
colour the typical dark form of C. scanicus, from which it difiers in its 
broader shape, coarser sculpture, and slightly less dilated ninth joint 
of the antenna?. L. 2|-2i mm. 

In a hollow ti-ee, amongst dry dead leaves and fungoid growth 
two specimens taken by Mr, Champion in the New Forest in a hollow 

I 



130 CRYPTOPHAGID^. 

beech tree on July 23, 1907; it has also been found in France and 
Denmark {v. Ent. Mo. Mag. xlix. (2 Ser. xix.) lOOS, 123). 

In the European Catalogue (190G) this s^iecies is regarded as a 
variety of C. jmbescens ; this may be correct. 

C. subdepressus, Gyll. (Ins. Suec. iv. 287). This species is 
distinguished from its close allies and especially from C. scanicics, L., 
to which it is most nearly related, by the very thick and regular punc- 
tuation of the elytra, which scarcely becomes finer at the apex ; the 
pubescence, moreover, is shorter and finer than in the last-named 
species, tlie thorax is much more narrowly margined, and the callosities 
of the anterior angles are smaller. The lateral tooth is in the middle 
of the sides and is small. As regards the punctuation of the elytra 
the species resembles C. validics, with which it is classed by Ganglbauer, 
but the latter insect is much larger with thicker antennoe ; it has, 
moreover, a well-marked transverse impression at the base of the 
thorax, whereas in C. scanicus this is very feeble. The upper surface 
is brownish-i-ed or ferruginous with rather short recumbent pubes- 
cence, and is only slightly shining. L. ^l-^^ mm. 

Strathpefl'er, Ross-shire, iST.B. : two specimens taken in August 1907 
by Dr. Joy, and introduced by him as British (Ent. Mo. Mag. xliii. 
(2 Ser. xviii.) 1907, 225) ; ISTethy Bridge, Inverness-shire (Beare) ; Avie- 
more (Champion) ; Great Silkeld, Cumberland (Britten), on branches of 
Scotch fir; Bradfield (Joy); Woking and Guildford (Champion and 
Walker); Wytham Park (Walker) ; ^Wellington College, Berks., West 
Malvern and Tarrington, Herefordshire (Tomlin). It will probably be 
found abundantly in various localities by beating the lower branches of 
fir trees. On the Continent it appears especially to affect Plcea excelsa. 

C. fowleri, Joy. Somewiiat resembling C scanicus, but rather 
broader, duller, and with the elytra more parallel-sided and difTerently 
punctured. Ferruginous or reddish-testaceous, without a trace of 
darker colour on the elytra ; antennse with the club smaller than in 
C. scanicus, the last joint distinctly narrower than the penultimate (in 
C. scanicus the last joint is scarcely narrower than or as bi'oad as the 
penultimate) ; thorax as in 0. scanicus, but with the median tooth 
smaller and the punctuation not so strong and much closer; elytra 
dull, parallel-sided or even slightly widened to beyond the middle, and 
from thence somewhat abiaiptly narrowed, the punctuation nearly as 
strong at apex as at base, slightly rugose at base, closer and less strong 
than in C. scanicus, the pubescence rather longer and more erect than 
in that species. 

Bradfield (Joy) : mostly in dry wood dust in old beech trees, and 
one or two on freshly-cut wood ; Bedingfield, Sufiblk, and Headenham, 
Norfolk (Garneys) ; Water E:iton, Enslow Bridge, and Weston-on-the- 
Green, Oxon (Collins) ; Wytham, Berks. (Collins). The species has 
also been taken by Captain Deville in the Forest of Haute Seve, near 
Fougferes, France, on a felled oak. 

By separating and describing this species, Dr. Joy appears to have 



CRYPTOPHAGID^. 131 

settled a difficulty which has puzzled several coleopterists who have 
included this insect doubtfull}^ under C. scanicus ; it is considerably 
duller than that species and diflerently shaped and punctured ; it is 
rn.ther closely related to G. suhjumatus, Kx\, but is smaller. The 
anterior angles of the thorax are more strongly callose and more 
strongly toothed behind, and the elytra are broader, duller, and 
more strongly punctured than the thorax; from C. hirtulus, Kr., 
it may be known by the much wider margin of the thorax. In 
the strong punctuation of the apex of the elytra C. fowleri comes 
near C. validus, Kr., and C. suhdepressus, Gyll., but is much smaller than 
the former, and has a quite differently shaped thorax as compared Avith 
the last-named species {v. Ent. Mo. Mag. xlvi. (2 Ser. xxi.) 1910, 205). 
C. hirtulus, Kraatz (B. 185S, lo8). Closely allied to C. scanicus, L., 
and intermediate, as a rule, in colour between the type form of that insect 
and the var. 2Xifruelis, Sturm. It may be known from C. scanicus and 
also from the Central and South European species, C. thomsoni, Reitt., 
by the longer, coarser and thicker pubescence, and by the structure of 
the thorax, the anterior angles of which are more prominent, and 
terminate behind in a sharp tooth ; the middle tooth is larger and the 
sides are strongly angled and more contracted behind. It may further 
be distinguished from C. scanicus by the much more finely margined 
sides of the thorax, a character in which it agrees with C. cylindrus, 
Kies., from which it maybe separated by its much broader form. The 
head and thorax are usually ferruginous, sometimes brownish, and the 
elytra brownish-yellow, but the whole body is often ferruginous or 
brownish-yellow ; the punctuation of the upper surface is strong 
throughout, and the elytra are somewhat more strongly punctured 
than in C. scanicus. L. 2-2^ mm. 

Tresco, Scilly Isles, and Reading (Joy) ; Merton, Surrey (Newbery); 
Woking (Champion). The species was introduced by Dr. Joy as 
British (Ent. Mo. Mag. xliv. (2 Ser. xix.) 1908, 178). 

C. pallidus, Sturm. (Deutsch. Ins. xvi. 69, t. cccxiii. f. c). Very 
closely allied to 0. dentatus, and perhaps scarcely distinct from that 
insect, but it is generally rather smaller, with the thorax narrower in 
proportion to the elytra, and the elytra shorter and less parallel. The 
callosities also of the thorax are distinctly less developed ; the differ- 
ences appear to be constant. The manner of life, too, is diffex'ent, 
C. dentatus occurring in houses and cellars and under fallen leaves and 
bark, whereas C. pallidus is found on flowering shrubs, especially a 
species of Prunus, and in haystack refuse. L. 1 '>-2i mm. 

Lowther Castle, Westmorland, and Great Salkeld, Cumberland^ in 
some numbers (Britten). It is probably to be found in many of our 
collections, mixed with G. dentatus {v. Ent. Mo. Mag. xliii. (2 Ser. xviii.) 
] 907, 271, Joy). Woking (Champion) ; West Malvern (Tomlin) ; Brad- 
field (Joy) ; Bedingfield and Bungay, and other Norfolk and Suffolk 
localities (Garneys) ; Crystal Palace windows (Garneys) ; Repton, 
Derbyshire (Garneys) ; Ditchling (Dollman). 



132 CRYPTOPHAGIDtE. 

Var. argenfeus, Joy. At the meeting of the Entomological Society, 
held on November 3, 1909, Dr. Joy exhibited specimens of 0. 2)(illidits, 
which he named var. argenteus, because they differed from the type 
form in having silvery pubescence, 

MICRAMBE, Tliomson. 

M. villosa, Heer., Faun. Helv. i. 425 (CVyptophagus). 

Paramecosoma pilosula, Er., ISTatui-g. Ins. Deutsch. iii. 373. 

M. villi, Gangl. (ex jxirte), Kilf. Mitt. Europ, iii. 672, 

This species is distinguished from M. vini, Panz., by being, on the 
average, larger, and by having the pubescence of the elytra with 
conspicuously longer upright' hairs mixed with the decumbent 
pubescence. Both these species may be known from M. abietis, Payk., 
by the fact that the anterior angles of the thorax are more broadly 
explanate, forming an angular and projecting tooth at the anterior 
third of the sides of the tlior-ax, which is much narrower immediately 
behind the tooth. In If. abietis the anterior angles are narrowly 
explanate, the tooth is small and obtuse, and the thorax is scarcely 
narrower behind this tooth. L. l|-2 mm. 

A single specimen was beaten ofl" hawthorn at Ohingford, Essex, and 
since this capture it has been taken at ISTethy Bridge, in Scotland, by 
Mr. Bishop and Dr. Sharp, and other localities. On the Continent it 
occurs rarely on Cardunce*. 

Ganglbauer {I.e. 672) includes the species under M. vini, and it is 
placed as a synonym of this species in the European Catalogue (1906). 
Newbery, however (Ent, Mo. Mag. xliv. (2 Ser. xix.), 1908, 105), says 
that G.anglbauer now regards it as distinct. M. abietis occurs on firs, 
and M. vini on gorse, whereas M. villosa is found on broom, hawthorn, 
and various thistles. 

PARAMECOSOMA, Curtis. 

P. melanocephalum, Herbst., var. infuscatum, Halbert (Ent. 
Mo. Mag. xlvi. (2 Ser. xxi.), 1 910, 66). According to Mr. Halbert, the 
ordinary form of this insect, with the black head and thorax, and 
chostnut-brown elj'tra, has not been recorded from Ireland. In mature 
examples of the prevalent Irish form the head, thorax and elytra are 
black and very shining, the femora and the apical part of the tibite are 
infuscate, and the general punctuation, especially of the eh'tra, is 
noticeably sti'onger than in the type ; for this well-marked variety he 
proposes the name ^K(r. infuscatum. 

This form has been found in Donegal, Oavan, Armagh, Dublin and 
Keriy, and is therefore widely spread in Ireland. It has also been taken 
by ]\Ir. Kej^s near Plymouth (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlii. (2 Ser. xvii.) 1906, 137). 

Var. univeste, Reitter (Deutsch. Ent. Zeitsch. 1877, 294); 
Ganglbauer (Die Kafer von Mitteleurop. iii. 670), Of a uniform 
chestnut-brown colour, with the legs and antennfe slightly lighter ; the 
thorn X is more transverse than in the type form, and the general 



MYCETOPHAGID^. 133 

punctuation of the upper surface is noticeably sti^onger ; the pubescence 
also is more scattered. 

Shane's Castle, Lough jSTeagh, Ireland (Buckle) ; the specimens are 
I'ather large (2 mm.). This variety has been recorded from Hamburg, 
Prague, Vienna and the Caucasus {v. Halbert, Ent, Mo. Mag. 1910, 
06). 

C.SNOSCELIS, Thomson. 

C. (Atomaria) ferruginea. Sahib. (Ins. Fenn. i. 58). Mr. 
Champion (Ent. Mo. Mag. xxxi. {2 Ser. vi.), 1895, 174) points out that 
the insect doing duty under this name in our collections should be 
referred to C, {Atomaria) jxdlida, Woll. (Ann. and Mag. Nat. Hist, 
xviii. p. 452, t. 9, fig. 1, 1846). C, ferruginea Sahib. (= siibdei^lanata , 
Bris.) is larger (2-3 mm. as against l^^-lf mm.), and has stouter 
antennjB and a more closely-punctured thorax ; the thorax, moreover, 
has a sharply-defined submarginal carina extending from the base to 
the apex. In C. ^;a^^i(Za the submarginal carina is faint, obliterated in 
front, and, viewed from above, it appears to join the margin before the 
apex, 

ATOMARIA, Stephens. 

Atomaria divisa, Rye, is placed as a synonym of A. rubricoUis, Bris. 
(Mat. Gren. 1863, 68) in the last European Catalogue. 

A. rhenana, Kr., appears to be now regarded as a vaiiety of A. gutta, 
Steph., and not as a separate species. 

SCAPHIDIID^. 

SCAPHISOMA, Leach. 
S. assimile, Er,, is very doubtful as British, and should be omitted 
from our lists, 

MYCETOPHAGID^. 

LITARGUS, Erichson, 

L. coloratus, Rosenh. (Thiei-. Andal. 1856, 105) ; Kraatz (Berl. 
Ent. Zeitsch. 185S, 144). This species resembles L. hifasdatus, F. 
[connexus, Geoffr.), in general coloviring and appearance, but is smaller 
and more narrowed in front and behind, and is more bright and shining ; 
the punctuation is much finer, and the pubescence yellower and thicker ; 
the club of the antennse is narrower, the last joint being plainly longer, 
and the thorax is Avithout a distinct longitudinal impression at the 
base; the pattern of the coloration is somewhat diflerent, the bands 
being more or less resolved into spots or patches ; the general effect, 
however, is much the same. L, '2-'!^ mm. 

Fourteen specimens are recorded by Dr. Jo}^ (Ent. Mo. Mag. xliv. 
(2 Ser, xix.), 1908, p. 104) as having been taken by Mr. J. Bay 
Hardy in June, 1907, in Sherwood Forest, from a fungus growing on 
a dead holly log and from the leaves round it. 



134 DRYOPID^^. 



DERMESTID^. 

GLOBICORNIS, Latieille. 

(G. (Hadrotoma) nigripes, F. (Ent. Syst. i. 233, t. 57). Oblong, 
black; elytra depressed, not very shiny, thickly and deeply punctured, 
slightly pubescent, with numerous raised setse on the margins ; head 
much narrower than thorax, thickly pvinctured ; eyes prominent ; 
antennas testaceous, with the club fuscous ; thorax transverse, much 
narrowed in front, strongly sinuate and produced in the middle at base, 
closely and deeply punctured ; legs fuscous, with the tarsi testaceous, 
] .3 mm. 

A specimen of this species was taken by Mr. Blatch by beating and 
sweeping at the side of a wood near Tewkesbury, under circumstances 
that might seem to prove it indigenous, but more confirmation is 
required. The genus contains thirteen European species, and is j)laced 
in the European Catalogue after Megatoma.) 

BYRRHIDiE. 

SIMPLOCARIA, Marsham. 

Simplocaria ? sp. In the Ent. Mo. Mag. for Septeniber, 1907, 205 , 
Mr. Gorham records two specimens of a /Simj)locaria, standing in his 
collection under S, semistriata, Fab., which appear to differ materially 
from that species in being smaller, darker, and, more particularly, in 
having all the striae deeper and continued to, or nearly to, the apex of 
the elytra. He considers that they are probably the insect referred by 
Stephens (111. Brit. Ent. Mand. iii. p. 140) to Byr7'hus 2)ici2)es of Olivier, 
but that they are not the B. picipes of Gyllenhal, Avhich is larger than 
B. semistriata, whereas Mr. Gorham's insects are smaller. I have seen 
Mr. Gorham's examples, although I have not examined them very 
closely, and it is possible they may belong to a new species, but it is 
quite probable that they are merely small varieties, and they could 
not be described without further material. There is a great deal too 
much hair-splitting already in these small and more or less obscure 
genera, often on single specimens. 

One of Mr. Gorham's specimens is from Wyre Forest, Shropshire ; 
the locality of the other is unknown. 

DRYOPID^ (PARNID^). 

DRYOPS, Olivier (PARNUS, Fabricius). 
The British species of this genus have by no means been satis- 
factorily worked out as yet, and much confusion appears to exist 
regarding them ; certain of them appear to i^est chiefly on difTerences 
in <he male genitalia, which, apart from other distinctions, are always 



DRYOPID^ (PARNID.^). 



135 



more or less unsatisfactory, although in some cases very valuable ; it 
does not appear to be proved that the differences are always constant 
in all cases, and the synonymy is still uncertain in several instances. 

Dr. Sharp has kindly drawn up for me the following table of 
superficial differences, which will be found useful for determination. 

I. Hair short. 
i. Club of antennfe long. 

1. Insect broad, pale 

2. Insect narrow, pale . 



3, Insect rather dark and moderately 
broad ...... 

ii. Club of antennae short. 

1. Insect broad, slightly striate, brownish 

2. Insect narrow, greyish black 



II. Hair long. 

1. Insect broad, dark, coarsely and irre- 
gularly sculptured • , , , 



Insect smaller, greyer, and more 
regularly sculptured .... 



D, ANGLiCANUS, Eclwards. 
De AuiiicuLATUS, Geoflr. 
= 2^^'ol</ericornis,¥i\hv. sec 
Ganglb. 

D. GRisEUS, Er. 

D. LURiDUS, Er. ■■= pro- 

lifericornis, Brit. Coll. 

D. STRiATELLUS, Fciirm. 

= algiricns, Brit. Coll., 

nee Luc. 



D. ERNESTi, Ees Gozis, 
— auriculatas, Panz. et 
Bi"it. Coll., nee Geoflr. 

D. NiTiDULUS, Ileer. 



By no means the last word has been said with regard to the British 
species of this gen vis, and a great deal more work is needed at 
examples from various localities before the question can be in any way 
settled. 

D. (Parnus) luridus, Er. (Naturg. Ins. Deutsch. iii. (184-7) 
513). Exceedingly closely allied to D. cmricvlatus, Geoflr. ( = iwolifer'i- 
cornis, Fabr. and Brit. Cat.), and only to be distinguished with any 
certainty by the formation of the male genitalia ; in auriculatus the 
apex of the fedeagus is drawn out into a beak-like point ; in luridus 
it is rounded ; in auriculalus the basal half is compressed into an 
almost knife-like edge, and the side pieces {paramera) which form 
the boundai-y of the sub-oval opening at the apex of the sedeagus 
are thickened and widened at the base ; in luridns the a^deagus is not 
compressed on its basal half, and the paramera are not thickened or 
widened at base. The colour of the pubescence varies, in both species 
being greyish-brown, or golden-brown, or whitish- or yellowish-grey ; 
the forehead is usually more bluntly convex between tlie bases of the 
antennae in 1). luridus, but this cannot be depended upon as a reliable 
character ; the average size is considerably smaller than that of 
D. auriculatus, L. 3J-4J mm. 



136 DRYOPID^ (PARNID.^). 

Norfolk : taken by Mr. James Edwards in three widely separated 
localities, and introduced by him as British (Ent. Mo. Mag. xliv. 
{•2 Ser. xix.) 1908, 102) ; Kidlington (Walker) ; Wellington College. 
The species is probably common. 

Mr. Edwards gives figures of the sedeagus in the two allied species, 
and, as a guide to every one wishing to examine the male characters, 
points out that in the male the upper surface of the last dorsal 
abdominal segment is evidently more pubescent than the remainder 
of the dorsum, whereas this is not so in the female. 

The true synonymy and constitution of this species is not, 
apparently, settled with any certainty. Dr. Sharp is of the opinion 
that Mr. Edwards has confused two species under D. auriculatus 
( = the old prolifericornis of Erichson). 

D. (Parnus) anglicanus, Edwards (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlv. (2 Ser. 
XX.) 1909, 21b). " Male similar in appearance to D. griseus, Er. ; 
antennre at the base nearer to each other than either is to the eye ; 
thorax equally narrowed in front and behind, the sides evenly curved 
from the base to the apex ; tarsi red, with the apex of the claw joint 
narrowly darker. iEdeagus subterete, in outline continuous with that 
of the base of the paramera, the latter not swollen at the base, their 
inner edges thin throughout, and their apices drawn out into a fine 
point ; male organ cariniform in its basal half, the apical half forming a 
subsagittif orm expansion. In what I believe to be the female the sides 
of the thorax are distinctly straighter in the front half than they are 
behind." L. 5-5J mm. 

Horning, Norfolk (Edwards). Taken in company with D. auricu- 
latus, Fourc. {jwolifericornis, Fabr.) and included by him under this 
species, until, on the authority of Sharp and Ganglbauer, he described 
it as a new species {I.e. sivjn'a). The distinction of these closely allied 
species by the characters of the redeagus may be correct, but raises 
great difliculties for the ordinary student. 

It must be remembered that the D. prolifericornis, F., of our 
collections is now called D. lurichis,'lS,r., and that our old B. auriculatus, 
Panz., stands under the name of D. ernesti, Des Gozis. 

RIOLUS, Mulsant et Key. * 

The genus R'wlus must be regarded as distinct, and its members 
may be separated from the species of Elmis, or Latelmis, as the genus 
containing them is now called, by the absence of sublateral dorsal striae 
on the thorax. 

Mr. Edwards (Ent. Mo. Mag, xlv. (2 Ser. xx.) 1909, 76) gives a 
table of our species, as follows : 

I. Elytra with the fifth and seventh inter- 
stices (sometimes the third also) distinctly 
more elevated than the others. 

* Hist. Nat. Col. France, UiicUeres 1872, 2'J, 



HETEROCERID^. 1*37 

i. Elytra oblong-ovate, appearing about one 

and a half times as long as wide . . R. cupreus, Miill. 

ii. Elytra elongate-ovate, appearing about 

twice as long as wide, their sides ev^enly 

rounded throughout . . . . R. subviolaceus, Milll. 

II. Elyti'a with only the seventh interstice 
more elevated than the others, 
i. Elytra oblong-ovate, their sides almost 

straight in the middle third . . . R. niteks, Milll. 

ii. Elytra ovate, a little widened behind . R. sodalis, Er. 

R. sodalis, Er. (Naturg. Ins. Deutsch. iii. 532). Of the same 
size as ii?. subviolaceuSy Miill., from which species it may be known by 
its much broader form and more shining upper surface, the broader 
thorax and wider elytra, which are more widened behind the middle, 
the fine punctured strite, the quite flat six inner interstices, and the 
very strongly raised seventh interstice ; it resembles R. nitens in the 
red-yellow antennae and claws, but is broader and flatter, with the thorax 
broader in proportion to its length, and the basal angles more produced. 
The thorax is less convex than in H. subviolaceus, finely granulate 
before the base and at the sides, very dull, being very finely punctured, 
with an irregular admixture of larger, but yet fine, punctures ; the 
general colour is bronzy, with the elytra lighter eeneous, legs brown or 
reddish-brown. 

Ohristow, Devon (Champion) : one specimen taken by Mr. Champion 
in 1907, and recorded by Mr. Edwards {I.e. p. 78). This species appears 
to be very rare, or perhaps overlooked, on the Continent. 



HETEROCERID.S:. 

HETEROCERUS, Fabricius. 
Considerable doubt still exists with regai-d to this genus, which I 
have before discussed at considerable length (Brit. Col. v., Appendix, 
459-464); one of the most discussed species is R. arenarius, Kies., 
which is given in the last European Catalogue as a synonym of 
Il.jiexuosus, Steph., another synonym being H. femorcdis, Kryn ; the 
insect standing under the name in our collections has occurred, 
apparently, only in Ireland, in co. Down (Strangford Lough), and near 
Dublin (Baldoyle and Portmarnock), but its identity has not been 
definitely ascertained. Mr. Champion has suggested that it may be 
identical with //. rectus, Wat. As there seems also to be some doubt 
as to the identity of our specimens standing under //. femoralis, 
Messrs. Johnson and Halbert think it best to retain the name 
II. arenarius for the Irish species {v. Irish List, 1902, p. 727), but 
judging from Kiesenwetter's own description {v. Brit. Col. v. 462) and 
the conclusion that Mr, Crotch came to that the Irish specimens did 



138 SOAEAB^ID^. 

not differ materially from U. femoralis, I am inclined to follow the 
synonymy of Hey den, Reitter and Weise, as follows : 
H.flexuosus, Steph., 111. Brit. ii. 1829, 101. 
femoralis, Kryn., Bull. Mosc. v. 1832, 115. 
onarginatus, Gyll., Ins. Suec. i. 137 {nee Fab.). 
arenarms, Kies., Linn. Ent. v. 284. 
Ganglbauer (Die Kilfer von Mitteleurop., iv. 133) gives the same 
synonymy and says that he cannot distinguish the Irish specimens of 
11, arenarius from uncoloured examples of //. fiexuosus. 

SCARAB^ID^. 

APHODIUS, Illiger. 

A. niger, Panz. (Faun. Germ. 37, 1). Almost cylindrical, black, 
shining, antennae ferruginous with the club black ; head gently convex, 
with the cheeks scarcely produced, forehead without prominences, 
thickly punctured ; thorax as broad as elytra, almost parallel-sided, 
with scattered larger punctures and the interspaces with fine punc- 
tures ; elytra almost parallel, slightly widened behind the middle, 
with fine and finely crenulate strife, interstices flat, extremely finely 
and almost invisibly punctured ; prosternum thickly punctured and 
with very fine grey pubescence at the sides, mesosternum finely keeled 
between the coxfe, metasternum in the middle in both sexes very finely 
and difiusely punctured ; legs dai^k, more or less reddish, front tibite 
somewhat dilated, posterior tibiae narrow, tarsi with the first joint 
long, as long as the upper spur, and only a little shorter than the three 
following joints taken together, these being of diminishing length. 

In the male the metasternum is impressed in the middle and the 
head is less convex ; in the female the metasternum is flat and the 
head more convex. L. 4-5 mm. 

New Forest, near Brockenhurst (Sharp, Champion and Walker, 
1909). The species is considerably larger than the immaculate variety 
of A. plagiatus, L., which it strongly resembles; the following are the 
characters by which Erichson distinguishes A. niger from this form of 
A. 2)lcigiaius : (1) greater size; (2) the head more closely punctate 
with the cheeks less projecting ; (3) the lax-ge punctures of the thorax 
smaller ; (4) the metasternum less punctate in the middle and in the 
male not hairy ; (5) the hind feet with the first joint long, as long as 
the upper spur of the tibia, and but little shorter than the three 
following joints together. It must, however, be admitted that some of 
these distinctions are not very evident {v. Sharp, Ent. Mo. Mag. xlv. 
(2 Ser. XX.), 1909, 124). A. jiiger has been alternately admitted to and 
rejected from our lists ; it must, however, be now reinstated. 

Dr. Sharp {I.e. 124-126) discusses the whole question at length, 
and believes that he possesses one, if not two, other closely allied new 
species of Aplbodius, which come close to A. niger, but differ in 
important particulars. 



SOARAByEID^. 139 

A. scybalarius, F., var. nigricans, Muls. (Lamellicornes, 1 ed. 
1842, 179). This insect has the elytra entii-ely dark, with the excep- 
tion of the first and second interstices on each side of the suture, which 
are lurid-testaceous for part of their length ; the extreme apex is also 
dark testaceous. 

Wallasey, Cheshire (Bailey) ; Deal (Priske) ; the latter specimen 
(with the description) was recorded by Mr. J. H. Jennings (Eut. Mo. 
Mag. xliv. (2 Ser. xix.), 1908, 155). 

In my experience A. scybalarius varies considerably. I have one 
specimen with the elytra almost entirely testaceous, another quite 
dark with the sutural interstices in part light testaceous, and others 
varying from the type form. 

A. depressus, Kug., var. nigripes. Staph. (111. Brit. Mand. iii. 
201). This is the black variety of the species ; the type form has 
scai-let elytra and is much the rarer insect. 

I have added the above varieties, as they have appeared in some of 
our catalogues ; but a large number of further varieties might be 
admitted; the most variable of our species is, of course, A. luridus, F., 
the elytra varying from entirely deep black to altogether testaceous, 
and the intermediate forms being often very striking. 

DJASTICTUS, Mulsant. 

Diastictus, Muls. (Lamell. p. 319); Psammohvus, Heer. (Faun. 
Col. Helv. i. 531, 2 (ex parte)); Psammodius, Er. (Naturg, der Ins. 
Deutsch. 912 {ex partey). Thorax without a fringe of hairs at the 
sides, and without transverse furrows on disc separated by raised 
interstices ; metasternum with a triangular space in front of the 
posterior coxse bounded by a raised line ; tarsal claws small and weak ; 
posterior tarsi with the apical spurs narrow, and longer than the first 
joint, which is feebly triangulai'. 

D. vulneratus, Gyll. (Ins. Suec. iv. 244, 7; Sturm., Faun. Germ, 
i. 175, 64, Taf. 15, D). Somewhat smaller and more strongly convex 
than Psammohms sidcicoUis, which it superficially resembles ; obovate, 
of a pitchy colour, very slightly shining ; head reddish-brown in front, 
thickly granulose ; antennae yellowish ; thorax a little narrower than 
the elytra, transversely convex, with blunt anterior angles and Avith 
the hind angles entirely rounded, thickly and coarsely punctured, 
the punctures being often confluent, with more or less distinct 
traces of a central furrow, and with a feebly impressed oblique 
transverse furrow on the sides of the disc; elytra strongly convex, with 
the punctured furrows becoming deeper behind, and the interstices 
being more or less carinate ; legs brown, apical spvirs of the front tibise 
in the male widened and almost lancet-shaped. L. 2| mm. 

Brandon, Suflblk, one specimen taken by Mr. Claude Morley in 
June, 1902. Mr. Newber}^, in his note on the species (Ent. Mo. Mag. 
xxxviii. (2 Ser. xiii.), 1902, 253) gives a useful table of the numerovis 
small genera which come at the end of the Aphodiidte. 



140 BUPRESTID^. 

ANOMALA, Samouelle. 

The A. donovani of Marsham, referred to by Stephens (111. Brit. iii. 
226) has nothing to do with A. cenea, De G., or the var. frischii, F., but is a 
North American species, which was named A. irrovata by Blanchard, 
forty-eight years after Marsham named his insects. The original descrip- 
tion in Slarsham's Ooleoptera Britannica, p. 44 (as stated by Mr. G. J. 
Arrow, Ent, Mo. Mag. xxxv. (2 Ser. x.) 1899, 269) was drawn up from 
two specimens found by Donoran at Newton Nottage, in Glamorganshire. 
It is not known whether these are in existence, but the description 
leaves no doubt that they were specifically identical with the two 
British Museum examples, of whose origin there is no record. It is 
just possible that they may be the same specimens. 

The name var. donovani has sometimes been applied to the entirely 
greenish-reneous form of A. cenea, with which, of course, it is in no way 
connected. 

TRICHIUS, Fabricius. 

It is very doubtful whether we possess T. zonatus, Germ., which has 
been wrongly regarded as a synonym of T. ahdominalis, a Caspian insect 
which is certainly not British. T.fasciatus is followed in the 1906 
European Catalogue by twenty varieties, and it is probably to one of 
these that any departure from the type in our specimens should be 
referred. At present we should only be credited with one species, 
although it is possible that we may possess T. zonatus {v. Brit. Col. iv, 
61, 62). 

BUPRESTID^. 
MELANOPHILA, Eschscholtz. 

M. acuminata, De G. (Mem. Ins. iv. 133); M. appendiculata, F. 
(Ent. Syst. i., ii. 210, 102) ; M.morio, Payk. (Faun.Suec.ii. 230). Uni- 
colorous black or blackish-bronze, somewhat depressed, upper surface 
rugulose and sub-opaque ; head thickly punctured ; elytra somewhat 
longer than the thorax, dentate, thickened in the middle ; thorax quad- 
rangular, somewhat broader than long, slightly widened in front, with 
the sides rounded, and with sharp posterior angles, furrowed longi- 
tudinally in the middle, finely granulosely punctate ; elytra much 
broader than the thorax, with the sides finely serrate, finely granulosely 
punctate, upper surface more or less uneven, with traces of raised 
lines ; underside very finely punctured, rather shiny, with a more or 
less distinct metallic sheen ; legs very finely punctured. L. 6|^-11^ mm. 

Several specimens taken in August and September, 1909, and 
subsequently in some numbers, by Mr. Champion on charred pine trunks 
near Woking. He says that when at rest on the charred pine trunks 
it exactly resembles a small pieceof burnt bark. The larva has the 
greatly-developed, flattened prosternal segment which is characteristic 
of the Buprestidas. This addition to our Coleopterous fauna is one of 
the most interesting that has been made for some years. It has 
recently been found in the New Forest. 



ELATERID^. 141 

APHAIXTASTICUS, Latreille. 

A. emarginatus. Fab. (Syst. El. ii. 213, 151). Longer and 
more cj-lindrical than A. 2)'i('Sillus, 01., from which insect it may 
also be known by the less transverse thorax, and by having the 
elytra more compressed at the sides before middle, and also by their 
stronger sculpture. Black, shining, with slight bronze reflection ; head 
large and convex, with a very strong impression in the centre ; thorax 
convex, sti'ongly margined, not strongly transverse, with the sides 
rounded in front and narrowed behind, plainly margined, with the 
transverse furrows in front and behind more marked than in 
A. pusiUus ; centre of disc rather strongly, but not closely, punctured ; 
elytra elongate, with well-marked shoulders; widest behind the middle 
and thence narrowed to apex, with rather regular punctured strife, 
which become confused and more or less obsolete towards apex ; legs 
nigro-peneous. L. 2|-3 mm. 

Parkhurst Forest, Isle of Wight ; a considerable number of 
examples taken by sweeping rushes in flower by Mr. Donisthorpe, who 
introduced it as British (Ent. Record, 19()o, p. 2C5). The specimen of 
A. ^yusiUns x'ecorded by myself (Brit. Col. iv. p. 71) as captured at 
Carisbrooke Castle, Isle of Wight, and then lost, must, as Mr. Donis- 
thorpe has pointed out, be pi-obably referred to this species, and this 
locality for A. 2ncsiUics inust therefore be deleted. 

ELATERIDiE. 

CARDIOPHORUS, Eschscholtz. 

C. erichsoni, de Buysson (Elat. p. .318). Elongate-oblong, rather 
depressed, black, shining, without metallic reflection ; pubescence veiy 
fine and scanty, brown on the upper side ; head finely and thickly 
punctured ; antennfe black, longer in the male than in the female ; 
thorax longer than broad, subparallel ; sides slightly roimded, extremely 
finely and thickly punctured, almost smooth except under a high 
magnifying power ; elytra oblong, more or less attenuated behind, with 
deep and strongly punctured stria? ; interstices finely sculptured ; legs 
red ; tarsi black or brown. L. 7-9 mm. 

Lundy Island (Joy and Tomlin), in some numbers at the roots of 
grass and under small stones, April 1906. The Cardiophorus recorded 
by Mr. Champion, which was taken by Mr. Dunsmore at Corkendale Law, 
in Renfrewshire (Ent. Mo. Mag. xiii. 1877, 227), as C. ri(Jipes belongs 
to the same species. C. erichsoni has occurred in France, Germany, 
Austria and Russia, and is found on pines at the end of May and the 
beginning of June : its occurrence, therefore, on Lundy, which is quite 
treeless, is very strange. Melanotus rufipes, however, another bark- 
feeding insect, also occurs on the island. 

De Buysson has separated G. erichsoni from C. rufijyes mainly on 
account of its brown (instead of grey or black) pubescence, the absence 



142 ELATERID^. 

of a shining oblique fascia ncross the elytra, and the less metallic 
reflection. It seems very doubtful, however, whether it is really 
distinct. 

CRYPTOHYPNUS, Eschscholtz. 

In the Ent. Mo. Mag. xxxiv. (2 Ser. ix.) 1898, 207, Mr. P. B. Mason 
recorded a specimen of C. meridionalis. Lap., as found in the 
collection of the Rev. A. Matthews. The species is black, with the 
thorax uniformly rugose, and is easily di.stinguished from C. dermestoides, 
Herbst., by its dark antennns and legs, the trochanters and apices of 
the tibife only being reddish. The specimen referred to is labelled 
" Pegwell Bay." It cannot, ho\vever, be as yet allowed a place in our 
lists (although it is possible it niay be found, as we have had several 
surprises of late years), for, as Mr. Champion points out (I.e. p. 207), 
the insect is apparently not known from Northern France or Germnny, 
and it is unlikely to occur in Britain. 

C. quadriguttatus, Lap., and C. dermestoides, Herbst. The additional 
note on these species in Brit, Col. v. Appendix, p. 464, appears to 
have been overlooked by readers, and it may be as well to call atten- 
tion to it. 

MELANOTUS, Eschscholtz. 

In spite of the fact that M. casiani2)es, Payk., is used as a 
synonym (and not even a variety) of 31. rnfifes, Herbst., in the 
European Catalogue (190G), and although many authorities believe 
this to be correct, I cannot help thinking, from specimens I have 
seen, that the real insects are distinct. M, castani2)es is apparently 
rare, and is represented in many collections by a sex of M. r'}(fi])es. The 
distinctions are given in Brit. Col. iv. p. 96. Mr. Donisthorpe has 
taken the former insect in the New Forest and at Rannoch. 

ATHOUS, Eschscholtz. 
A. niger, L., and A. hirtus, Herbst, Mr. Newbery (Ent. Mo. 
Mag. xlv. (2 Ser. xx.) 1909, 53) states that the insect standing in our 
catalogues as Athous niger is not the true A. niger, L. { = alpinus, Redt.j 
deflexus. Thorns.), but A. hirtus, Herbst. As it is possible that both 
species may be fov^nd in Britain he adds the following particulars for 
separating them : 

I. Prosternal projection flat between the anterior 

coxa?, rectilinear and not deflexed beyond 
the latter : sexes but little difierent in form. 
L. 12-17 mm. . . . . . .A. hirtus, Ilerhst 

II. Prosternal projection curved downward be- 

tween the anterior coxee, forming with the 
profile of the presternum a distinctly arched 
line, in form of a very elongate S: sexes very 
diflferently formed, the female being broad, 
obtuse and L'ibbous, L. 10-14 mm. . . A. nigeii, L. 



ELATERID^. 143 

A. subfuscus, Miill. This is evidently a Scotch insect ex- 
ckisively, and the record from Llangollen (Brit. Col. iv. 102) 
must be omitted. The insect recorded from that locality as A. subfuscus 
is probably a small form of ^1. luemorrhoidalis, F., which is common 
there : my series of the latter insect varies from S mm. to 15 mm. in 
length. 

ADRASTUS, Eschscholtz. 

A. limbatus, F. (Geo. Ins. 1777, 235). There is considerable 
confusion with regard to the synonymy of this insect : this was first 
noticed by Mr. Gorham and afterwards by Mr. Nevvbery ; the insect 
standing under the name in our collections should, apparently, be 
referred to ^I. nitichdus, Marsh. •= pa^/eHs, Er., and may be known 
from A. limbatus (which has not yet been recorded as British) by the 
following characters : 

I. Antennfe longer, black or brownish with 

the base testaceous, third joint about 

double as long as second . . .A. limbatus, F. 

ir. Antennte shorter; entirely testaceous; 

second and third joint subequal . . A. nitidulus. Marsh. 

In the European Catalogvie (1906, Col. 391), the confusion is made 
worse confounded by the synonymy, which is as follows : 

A. limbatus, F, Gen. Ins. 1777, 235. 

nitidulus, Marsh., Ent. Brit. I. 1802, 380. 
A. nitidulus, Marsh., Ent. Brit. I. 1802, 380 {sic), 

limbatus, Payk., Fn. Su. III. 1800, 43. 

A, nitidulus, it will be noted, is here given (with the same reference) 
as a synonym and as a good species. 

CORYMBITES, Latreille. 

C. impressus, F., var. ruiipes, Schilsky (Deutsch. Ent. Zeits. 
1888, 187). This variety has the legs red: it is, apparently, the 
"var. pedihis ferrugineis" of Erichson (Naturg. Ins. Deutsch. iv. 
292) ; according to him the legs vary from black through shades of 
pitchy-brown to ferruginous. It is recorded from Barron Wood, 
Cumberland, by Mr. Donisthorpe (Ent. Record, 1903, p. 263). 

C. bipustulatus, L., var. semiflavus, Fleisch. (Wien. Ent. 
Zeit. 1886, 235) = flavescens, Schilsky (Deutsch. Ent. Zeits., 1888, 
1 90). This is the variety with the elytra entirely testaceous. I have 
before referred to it (but without name) (Brit. Ool.iv. 115): it resembles 
the var. ocliropterus, Steph., of C. quercus, Gyll., but may be known by its 
shorter, less parallel -sided and less closely punctured thorax, and the 
more rounded sides of the elytra, as well as by the shorter antennfe 
and the non-carinate posterior angles of the thorax. 



144 CANTHARID^ (TELEPHORID^). 

CANTHARID.S: (TELEPHORIDiE). 
CANTHARIS, Linne (TELEPHORUS, Schaeffer). 

As we have said before, the name Cantharis, L., must be substi- 
tuted for that of Telei^hortis, and Oanthai'idpe for Telephorid?e. When 
a new catalogue or new edition of this work is issued, our arrange- 
ment and nomenclature must be brought, as far as possible, into con- 
formity with the latest received results although not necessarily into 
complete agreement with the catalogue of Heyden, Reitter and Weise 
(190G), which is in some points open to criticism. 

C. figurata, Mann., var. cruachana, Chitty (Ent. Mo. Mag. 
xxix. (2 Ser. iv.), 1803, 143). This name was given by Mr. A. J. Chitty 
to a black form of C.figttrata found on or near BenCruachan, Scotland ; 
it is evidently one of the northern melanic varieties. The specimens 
ai-e entirely black, with the exception of the labrum, mandibles, knees, 
claws, extreme side margins of thorax, outside of anterior and inter- 
mediate tibise, and pubescence. 

The insect standing in our collections as Telephorus {Ancistronyclia) 
ahdominalis, F., must be referred to the var. cyanipennis, Bach ( = q/anea, 
Curtis) : the type form, with the thorax of the male entirely black, does 
not occur in Britain, as far as is known (c/. ISTewbery, Ent. Mo. Mag. 
1910, 230). 

C. thoracica, 01., var. suturalis, Schilsky (Deutsch. Ent.Zeitsch. 
1890, p. 178). This form has a yellow splash at the sutui-e which 
broadens at the base and does not quite reach the apex ; in some 
specimens the yellow coloration is mainly confined to a transverse patch 
at the base of each elytron. 

Gosport (Pool) ; Woking (Champion) . Mr. Champion inrecordingthis 
form (Ent. Mo. Mag. 1911, 17) says that he believes it is not rare in 
Britain, but I have not seen it in any collections. Mr. Pool swept a large 
number in one marshy spot near Gosport. 

MALTHODES, Kiesenwetter. 
M. minimus, L., var. marginicollis, Schilsky (Deutsch. Ent. 
Zeit. 1892, p. 198). Mr. Donisthorpe swept a male specimen of this 
variety at Cobham Park in July 1907. Schilsky's description is as 
follows : " The black colour, in a form which occurs not rarely in 
Herzegovina (von Hopflgarten), extends so that only the borders of the 
thoi-ax remain yellow ; in some examples only the hind corners are 
yellow, whilst the arched side portions of the thorax always remain 
yellow. The tibise are then also darker, and the first joint of the 
antennfe alone remains yellow. In this form the insect may easily be 
confused with il/. 2)eUucidus {v. Donisthorpe, Ent. l\ecord,xx. 1908, 82). 



MELYEID^. 145 

MELYRID^. 

MALACHIUS, Fabiicius. 

M. barnevillei, Puton (IVIonog. des Malachiides, pp. 55, 56). 
Metallic-green, the mouth parts (the apical joint of the maxillary palpi 
excepted), the anterior portion of the head, the basal joints of the 
antennte laterally and beneath, the anterior tarsi, the anterior tibife on 
the inner side towards the apex, a small spot at the apex of the anterior 
femora (and sometimes another on that of the intermediate pair), the 
intermediate tarsi in part, and the apical margin of each ventral 
segment, testaceous or flavous : the upper surface very finely pubescent 
and also thickly clothed with long, erect, blackish hairs. Tarsal claws 
very little longer than the membrane. 

Male with the first joint of the antennae much thickened, and joints 
2-9 more or less serrate, the latter flavous at the inner apical angle. 
Each elytron with a narrow transverse impression at the apex. 

Female with the antennae shorter and darker, the basal joint not 
dilated, and the others very feebly serrate. Length i-ih mm. 

Hunstanton, Norfolk, on the sandhills on Convolvuhis flowers in 
June: taken by Mr. H. J. Thouless and recorded as British by Mr. 
Champion (Ent. Mo. Mag. xli. (2 Ser. xv.i.) 1905, 15), from whose notes 
the above description . is taken. M. barnevillei forms the type of 
Mulsant's subgenvxs Hypojitilus, distinguished by the narrow transverse 
excavation at the apex of the elytra in the male, and the strongly 
developed membrane of the tarsal claws in both sexes. On the Continent 
the species inhabits the Basses or Hautes Alps, the Pyrenees, etc., and 
would hardly have been expected to occur in Norfolk. 

M. vulneratus, Ab. (Bull. Ac. Marseille, 1900, sep. p. 18). 
Elongate, rather narrow, dull brassy green, the front of the head 
flavous, the apex of the elytra rufous or flavous : clothed with a fine 
cinereous pubescence, the elytra without setse. Antennae very similarly 
formed in tlie two sexes, a little longer in the male than in the female, 
the basal joint not dilated. Elytra at the base not wider than the 
thorax, subparallel in the male, widened towards the apex in the female ; 
the apex in the male rufous, very deeply, transversely excavate, the 
upper and lower lobes horizontal, about equal in length, the upper lobe 
with a large, toothlike, emarginate prominence on the inner («utural) 
edge beneath, above which is a setiform appendage : the apex in the 
female broadly fulvous, shining, transversely depressed. L. 4^ mm. 

Sheerness ; taken by Mr. Champion in company with M.viridis. F. 
(which it much resembles) in 1809 and introduced by him as British 
(Ent. Mo. Mag. xli. (2 Ser. xvi.) 1905, 66) as M. sjnnosus, Er., the 
record being cori-ected by him to M. vuhieratus, Ab. [I.e. 88). The two 
last-named species are, as Mr. Champion remarks, very similar, M. 
vulneratus differing from J/, spinosus in its nazTower elongate form, 
the more slender antennae and the absence of the erect blackish hairs on 
the elytra : according to Mulsant, however, these blackifeh hairs are 

K 



146 PTINID^. 

sometimes absent in M. spinosiis and Mr. Champion had already noted 
this. The distribution of M. vidneratus, as far as at present known, is 
as follows : France, Saxony, Austiia-Hungary, lloumania and Persia. 

PTINIDiE. 

PTINUS, Linne. 

P. pusillus, Sturm. (Faun, xii., p. 65, t. 25Ia; Boield., Ann. Soc. 
Ent. Fr. 1856, 643). Oval, very elongate, nearly parallel, of a testaceous 
red colour, pubescence yellow. Head large, decumbent, longitudinally 
channelled, covered with yellow hairs. Antennae as long as the body, 
with slender cylindrical and elongate joints. Thorax longer than broad, 
very convex in form, depressed transversely and contracted behind, 
with a feeble central furrow somewhat coarsely sculptured, but with the 
disc more even than in the allied species, and with the prominences at 
the posterior angles not strongly marked ; on the disc there are four 
more or less distinct transvei'se prominences formed of stiff" and erect 
yellow hairs; scutellum, as a rule, yellowish-white ; elytra with distinct 
rows of punctures, the intervals smooth and furnished with rows of 
erect hairs, shoulders not marked ; there are also two transverse rows 
of spots formed of white hair, often more or less obsolete, one near the 
shoulders and the other before apex; these are variable and easily rubbed; 
underside with yellow hairs ; legs long and pubescent. L. 2-2^ mm. 

Inti'oduced by Mr. Donisthorpe (Ent. Eecord 1906, p. 45). Edmonton 
(Pool and Donisthorpe); Reading ( Jo}') ; probably common in many 
granaries; it is found plentifully in France and Germany. It is a very 
active species, running much faster than others of the genus. 

The species may easily be known from its near allies by its small size, 
parallel shape, and long antennse. 

M. Boieldieu described the species on a single specimen in M. 
Chevrolat's collection from Brazil. It is one of the unsatisfactory 
importations which gradually find a place in our British list. 

P. brunneus, Duft., var. testaceus, Boield. (Best. Tab. der 
Europ. Col. 654, 16). According to some authorities P. testaceus, 
Boield., is a distinct species, according to others it is synonymous with 
P. hrnnneus, Duft., while in the catalogue of Heyden, Reitter and Weise 
it is considered to be a variety. 

P. tectus, Boield. (Ann. S-.c. Ent. Fr. 1856, 552). Short and thick- 
set, dark brown, with thick yellowish pubescence, which is easily rubbed ; 
in some specimens it is whitish, especially on the scutellum ; head almost 
as broad as thorax ; antennje thick and comparatively short ; thorax about 
as long as broad, uneven, with longitudinal furrows and with strong pro- 
minences at the posterior angles ; sculpture rather coarse, concealed by 
the pubescence; elytra oblong, acute, and flatter in the male, rounded, 
ovate, and very convex in the female, with strong and coarsely punctured 
stri;«; legs rather long, ferruginous, more or less pubescent. L. 2|— 3 mm, 

London district, Strood, Edmonton, &c., in granaries ; a cosmo- 



1 



BOSTRICHID^. 147 

politan species; introduced as British by Professor Hudson Beare (Ent. 
Mo. Mag. xl. (2 Ser. xv.) 1D(U, 4). Mr. Waterhouse considers the 
original home of the species lo be Tasmania. 

The female somewhat closely resembles that of P. fur, but 
has the elytra shorter and more rounded and without white patches, the 
antennfB shorter and stouter, and the sculpture stronger ; the males are 
entirely different. 

It has occurred in the following localities : Edmonton (Pool) ; Strood 
(Beare) ; Liverpool (Richardson) ; Hoylake (Sopp) ; Kensington Mansions 
and in a granary, Holborn, in numbers (Donisthorpe) ; Liverpool 
(Bedwell) ; Dunfermline (W. Evans) ; Stromness, Orkneys (Ellison) ; 
Salkeld Dykes, Cumberland (Britten) ; Reading (Joy) ; Queenborough 
and Faversham (Walker). 

TRIGONOGENIUS, Solier. 

T. globulum, Sol. (Gay. Hist. Chil. iv,p. 464). Short, thick-set, 
very convex, with strong, light brown pubescence and large and strong 
outstanding black setaj ; head long, deflexed, with small and not 
prominent eyes, antenna? short and thick, with the first joint com- 
paratively long and stout, and the last elongate and acuminate ; thorax 
about as long as broad, bluntly angulate about the middle, with a deep 
central furrow, and less marked and shorter side furrows with large 
and not close coarse punctures ; elytra globular, with the small dark 
patches on each side of the scutellum reaching base, and the apical portion 
more or less rubbed and dark ; strias fine and not very evident ; legs 
very stout, reddish and brownish, pubescent. L. 2|-3| mm. 

Oldham, Manchester, &c., in corn mills and granaries ; Tottenham 
(Girningham) ; Birmingham (Ellis). The beetle is a native of Chili. 
It must not be confused with Trigonogenium angulosum, Sol. (also 
a Chilian insect), which belongs to the Buprestidse. 

ANOBIID^. 

ERNOBIUS, Thomson. 
The specimen standing as E. ahietis, F., in Dr. Power's collection 
appears to be E. mollis, L., which is a somewhat variable species, and it 
has been somewhat doubtful whether E. ahietis can be regarded as a 
British insect. There is, however, a specimen in the late Mr. F. Bates' 
collection, which was sent to him alive by C. Guliver from the New 
Forest in June, 1899, which is undoubtedly this species. (Ent. 
Record, 1899, p. 340.) 

BOSTRICHID^. 

DINODERUS, Stephens. 
Mr. Donisthorpe (Ent. Record, xii. 1900, p. 16) points out the 
confusion that has hitherto existed with regard to the Dinoderus 



148 BOSTRICHID^. 

suhstriatus of our Britisli collections. As a matter of fact, we possess 
three species under one name, and thetrv;e Dinoderus suhstriatus, Payk., 
must be referred to a new genus, StephanopacJiys, which was proposed by- 
Mr. C. O. Waterhouse (Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 1888, pp. 348-350) for 
this insect. M. Lesne, who discusses these genera thorouglily in the 
Ann. Soc. Ent. Franc. 1897, 318-350, remarks that almost all avithors 
wrongly apply the name of Dinoderus to the species of the genus 
Stephanojxochys, and that Mr. Waterhouse was the first to correct this 
mistake and to establish the fact that the type species of the genus 
Dinoderus was the Apate minuta of Fabricius, and not the Apate 
suhstriata of Paykull, as Stephens had believed to be the ease. 
The genera may be separated by the following characters : 

I. Front indistinct or markedly shorter than 

the clypeus; lateral suture of thorax 
always well marked behind . . . dinoderus, Steph. 

T. Front at least as long as the clypeus ; 
distinctly limited in front and behind ; 
lateral suture of thorax wanting, or only 
.-narked at the posterior angles . . stephanopachys, Wat. 

The following is Stephens' description of the genus Dinoderus (111. 
Brit. iii. 352) : "Antenna? inserted in front, close to the eyes ; the basal 
joint short, robust, the second subglobose, th*^ five following minute, 
nodose, subcoarctate, the remainder forming an elongate, perfoliated club, 
of which the two basal joints ave conic-trigonate, slightly produced 
within, and the terminal one subglobose, compressed. Palpi short, 
terminal joint minute, conic ; mandibles exserted, acute ; head short, 
transverse, with the neck thick ; eyes globose, thorax short, rounded, very 
gibbous, and rugose in front ; elytra setose posteriorly ; body elongate, 
cylindric ; tibife compressed, denticulated externally ; tarsi short, simple." 

A fair number of species belong to this genus, the members of which 
appear to be cosmopolitan, feeding on corn, bamboo, various imported 
roots, &c. ; four are mentioned in the last European Catalogue ; we 
possess two as British, which may be separated as follows : 

J. Central fovepe of the posterior ai^ea of the 
thorax obsolete ; frontal region furnished 
at the ends with upright, thick and rather 

long hairs . , . . . . D. ocellaris, Stepili. 

{pilifrons, Lesne.) 

II. Central fovese of the posterior area of the 
thorax well marked ; upright hairs of the 
frontal region usually shorter and not 

plentiful ; scutellum twice as broad as long D. minutus, F. 

{suhstriatus ? Steph.) 

D. ocellaris, Steph. (111. Brit. iii. 352 note); J), pilifrons, liesine 
(Ann. Soc. Ent. Vv. 1897, 327). Of a reddish-brown coloui% with the 



BOSTRIOHID^. I'li) 

antennae and legs and the lateral margins of the elytra lighter ; 
funiculus of the antennae furnished with the same upright hairs as the 
frontal region ; second joint of the club of the antennse scarcely 
transverse, rounded on its internal border ; lateral portion of the 
granulate anterior portion of the thorax more or less punctured, with 
the granulations scarcely prominent ; punctuation of the posterior area 
of the thorax fine and rather thick, not at all ocellate, central foveas 
obsolete; scutellum plainly transverse; elytra with the punctuation 
rather fine near the base, but very strong, confluent and areolate on 
the posterior declivity, where it is distinctly ocellate; suture slightly 
projecting and somewhat bicarinate on the declivity. L. 3j-3f mm. 

Cosmopolitan : Europe, India, Indo-China, Philippine Islands. 
There are also specimens in the British Museum from Japan and Hong 
Kong which probably belong to this species ; the only British examples 
which have been recorded are one in the Power Collection labelled 
" Darenth, Lewis," and one mentioned by Stephens (Lc.) as " Taken at 
Little Chelsea in July last by Mr. Westwood. It is probably exotic, 
having been found in a cup of cofiee." 

D. minutus, Fabr. (Syst. Ent. 1775, 54) ; D . substriatus {?), Steph. 
(111. Brit. iii. 352 {nee Payk.) ) ; D. siculus, Baudi (Berl. Ent. Zeit. 
1873,336). Slightly elongate, brown, with the dorsal basal half of the 
elytra lighter, sometim-es reddish, or with the thorax dark and the 
elytra dark reddish, antenna; and tarsi lighter ; raised hairs of the 
frontal region always very short and scanty ; marginal rows of the 
granulate portion of the thorax formed of teeth moi'e or less pointed at 
apex, somewhat widely separated from one another, the central being 
more projecting than the lateral. Punctuation of the sides of the 
posterior area of the thorax thick and strong, but not confluent, very 
finely ocellate, cential foveas distinct. Scutellum dull, not carinate ; 
elytra furnished with thick, short red hairs on their posterior declivity ; 
punctuation of elytra thick, deeper towards base than at apex, more or 
less confused, though in parts showing strong signs of rows ; punctuation 
of the posterior declivity plainly ocellate ; suture not projecting on the 
declivity as in the preceding species. L. '-^^-'^h mm. 

Cosmopolitan : in roots, cotton, &c. ; the pair described by Stephens 
were said to have been taken in the New Forest ; it was found by Pro- 
fessor Hudson Beare in some numbers in his house at Richmond, before 
he moved to Edinburgh, in the wood of an old paper-basket. 

STEPHANOPACHYS, Waterhouse. 

This genus is very near Dinoderus, but may be known by the 
characters of the front and the lateral thoracic suture : it contains a 
few species which appear to be chiefly palsearctic in their distribution ; 
three occur in Europe. 

S. substriatus, Payk. (Faun. Suec. iii. 1800, 192; Lesne, Ann. 
Soc. Ent. Franc. 1^97, 337) ; Fowler (Brit. Col. iv. 200, plate cxviii. 
fig. 13). This is the insect which I h;ive describe 1 and figui'cd (I.e.) as 



150 CISSID.^. 

IJinoderus substriatus, Payk. : the following details may, however, be 
added, chiefly from Lesne's description : thorax narrower than the 
elytra, broadly rounded in front, widened behind ; teeth of the marginal 
row of the granulate portion of the thorax separate, posterior area of 
thorax furnished with dull raised granules ; elytra strongly punctured 
in irregular rows, each puncture on the dorsal region being accompanied 
by a small projection ; posterior declivity furnished with upright and 
rather long hairs ; on the basal half of the elytra the hairs are 
sunk in the punctures and are invisible if viewed from the side : the 
general colour is pitchy brown or lighter brown ; the elytra are some- 
times shiny and sometimes dull; this is not a sexual character. 
L. 6 mm. 

Extremely rare : I know of only one British specimen, which was 
taken at Skellingthorpe Wood near Lincoln by the Rev. A. Matthews, 
and is now in Mr. Gorham's collection : the species occurs on the 
Continent and in Siberia, chiefly under bark of Pinus sylvestris. 



CISSID^. 

CIS, Latreille, 
The following characters will be found useful for separating 
C\festivus, Gyll., and C. vestitus, Mell. 

I. First ventral segment of abdomen of male 

rugose all over but with no umbilicate 

depression in the middle. . . . C. festivus, Gyll. 

II. First ventral segment of abdomen of 

male bearing a small umbilicate depres- 
sion in the middle. ... C. vestitus, Mell, 

C. dentatus, Mellie (Ann. Soc. Ent. Franc. 1848, p. 324. pi. 3, 
fig. 6). Elongate oblong, pitchy black, pubescent ; head deflexed, finely 
punctured, concave in the middle with a small tubercle, anterior 
margin sharply and narrowly emarginate and minutely bidentate in 
the male, simple in the female ; thorax about as broad as long, 
narrowed in front, with the anterior angles'subacute, anteiior margin in 
the male with two distinct short teeth in the centre, sides margined 
and rounded, base margined, posterior angles rounded, upper surface 
finely punctured and pubescent ; elytra comparatively long, slightly 
depressed towards suture on their anteiior third, uniformly and finely 
punctured, pubescence yellow and rather shining ; legs ferruginouse 
L. 1^2| mm. 

This species was introduced as British by Mr. Donisthorpe (Ent, 
Record, xix. (1907) 130) on a single female specimen taken at Sandown, 
Isle of Wight, in July 1907 by Mr. R. S. Mitford, probably by beating. 
It occurs on the Continent in boleti on pine trees. It will probably be 
found commonly in localities in the south of England. 



OERAMBYCID^. 151 

C. dentatua is closely allied to C. hideiitatus from which it may 
be known by the comparatively longer elytra, narrower thorax, much 
narrower space between the produced teeth of the thorax, closer 
punctuation and longer pubescence ; the anterior angles of the thorax 
are not produced in front at the sides as in the latter insect. 

CERAMBYCID^E. 

ASEMUM, Eschscholtz. 
A. striatum, L., var. agreste, F, (Mant. i. 152). This is the 
variety with light brown elytra ; it is usually considered rare, but has 
been taken in some numbers in the New Forest; it has also occurred 
near Reading, and at Bournemouth. 

CRIOCEPHALUS, Mulsant. 
Criocephalus, Muls. (Col. de Fr. Longicorn, 1"^ ed. 65, 2® ed. 
125); Arhopcdus, iStepli. (Man. Brit. Ent., 273). Large insects; 
elongate, subparallel, not convex, very finely pubescent ; head deflexed, 
almost perpendicular, with a distinct furrow between the eyes and a 
strong depression in front ; eyes convex, reniform, distinctly, but not 
strongly emargiuate. Labrum small, labium rather short, broadly and 
shallowly sinuate with the lateral anterior lobes produced and rounded ; 
maxillaiy and labial palpi long and slender ; antennae longer in the males 
than the females, in the former sex about three-quarters the length of 
the body, x'ather thick at base, but distinctly tapering to apex ; thoi'ax 
broader than long, strongly rounded at the sides, with the disc more or 
less uneven, and with or without a central furrow, narrowly margined 
on the basal border ; elytra long, a little broader at base than the thorax, 
subparallel, slightly narrowed towards the apices, which are rounded 
externally but have the sutural angles well marked; on each there 
are more or less distinct traces of raised lines ; prostei-num ending in 
a shai-p point; legs comparatively short, with the femoi-a compressed 
and slightly enlarged in the centre, and the tarsi short ; anterior tibiae 
with only one spur ; the latter character will separate it easily from the 
Asemides, with which it has been classed by Thomson, Lacordaire, 
Leconte and Horn and others. Dr. Sharp (Trans. Ent. Soc. 1905, 117) 
considers the Griocephalince as at present known to consist of four genera 
only, viz. : Criocephalus, Muls., Ileyasenmm, Kx'aatz (which is scarcely 
different from Criocephalus), and two new genera added by himself, 
Cephalocrius and Cephalallus, and he says that " the Griocephalince 
should come at the beginning of the sub-family Cerambycides, as being 
one of the most primitive forms of Longicorn Coleoptera. The only other 
genus that I have found to agree with the Criocephalinai as to the 
unicalcarate tibia? is the genus Fhilas, which forms an annectant link 
between Cerambi/cides and Prionides. This character is not to be looked 
on as primitive. The primitiveness of Criocepjhalus depends not on such 
points as this, but on the fact that it diHers so little from Ooleoptera 



152 CERAMBYCID^. 

of other families ; tiiat it lacks all the specialisations that are so remark- 
able iu other divisions of Longicorns, while but little changes would suffice 
to make it a member of other divisions, either of Ceramhycides or of 
Prionides." 

The larva of Criocephcdus ferus is figured by Dr. Sharp (Trans. Ent. 
Soc. ] 905, Plate ix. fig. 5) ; it is a broad fleshy grub, with the prothoracic 
segment the longest and broadest, and with the body narrowed gradually 
to the fifth or sixth abdominal segment and then again widened; the 
apical segment terminates in two small spinose processes in the centre of 
its margin; the sides of the whole body ax-e furnished with setse; the 
legs are very short and terminate in rather a long single claw. 

C. rusticus, L. (Syst. Nat. x. 398, t. 75 ; Sharp, Trans. Ent. Soc. 
Lond. 1905, 151) ; C. coriaceus. Mots. (Bull. Mosc. 1845, 89). Very 
variable in size, form, and sculpture ; ferruginous-brown or fuscous- 
black, never quite black, rather depressed ; head strongly depressed 
between the antennte, the latter in the male sex with the ba^e distinctly 
thicker than in the female ; labrum without a pencil of hairs in the fovea 
or the middle of its area ; eyes with long hairs between the facets ; thorax 
plainly transverse, uneven, with the sides more or less strongly rounded, 
closely and somewhat granulosely sculptured ; elytra long, dull, with two 
rather plain raised lines on the disc, which meet or become obsolete at 
some little distance from apex ; there is also a more or less marked line 
at the sides ; the surface generally is closely and subrugosely sculptured, 
the space between the punctures being alutaceous ; legs plainly more 
robust in the male than in the female. The species may be known by the 
strongly transverse thorax and by the gular area being very indefinitely 
limited, rugose in front and feebly punctate behind, and with only a few 
suberect long hairs. L. 14-30 mm. The width varies from 4-7^ mm. 

Nethy Bridge, Scotland ; first found by Colonel Yerbury and subse- 
quently by Dr. Sharp, Mr. Bishop, and others, This fine insect is 
undoubtedly a native of Scotland, but, as it is found throughout the 
temperate zone of the Old World in the JSTorthern Hemisphere, it is 
sometimes imported, and a specimen has been found in a coal mine in 
Wales which was almost certainly brought in in coal props. The species 
is attached to Coniferse. 

C. ferus, Kraatz (Berlin Ent. Zeitschr. 1863, 107; Sharp, Trans. 
Ent. Soc. Lond. 1905, 156). C. rusticus, vetr. ferus, Dej. (Cat. Coll. (not 
described) Mulsant ; Long. Franc, ed. i. p. 4). C. ? jwlonicus, Mots. (Bull. 
Mosc. 1845, 88). C. epibata, Schiodte (Kr. Tidskr. 3, ii. 41). Very 
variable in size, male fuscous-black, female black ; thorax longer than 
in C. rusticus ; elytra with the two raised costa? on the disc more distinct 
and with traces of a third one between these ; the sculpture of the elytra 
is vei-y fine and alutaceous, Avithout the punctuation of (7- rusticus ; in 
these points, however, there is probably considei^able variation ; the 
chief differential charactei, perhaps, lies in the labi-um, which is provided 
with a pencil of hairs placed in a fovea in the middle near the front ; 
there are, however, as Dr. Sharp points out (^.c. 156) numerous points 



CERAMBYCID^. 15'8 

of difference, especially in the sexual characters. In the male of C.ferus 
the basal portion of the antennae is only a little thicker than in the 
female ; in the female the front of the prosternum is more convex, and 
the metathoracic episterna are considerably broader than in C. rusticus. 
The under suiface is moi^e closely and finely punctured and pubescent, 
and therefore less shining. The scutellum in G. ferus is never in the 
least depressed along the middle, and the sculpture and pubescence of 
the gular area are very different. In C. rusticus the tarsi have the third 
joint divided almost to the base, and the setae on the eyes are very con- 
spicuous, while in G. ferus the eyes appear to be bare, and the tarsal lobes 
are less perfect. Superficially G. rusticus and G. ferics are very much 
alike. L. 10-30 mm. 

As Dr. Sharp says, the variation in size is extraordinary, so much 
so that it would take twenty or thirty of the small males to make up the 
bulk of one of the largest females. 

First found in the New Forest in Scots' fir (Pinus sylvestris) by 
Mr. F. Gilbert Smith, and introduced as British by Mr. Willoughby 
Ellis under the name of G. j)olonicus, Mots. (Eut. Record, xv. 1903, 
259) ; also taken in the same locality by Mr. Willoughby Ellis and Mr. 
Donisthorpe ; also taken in 1909 by Mr. Champion on pines in the 
Woking district, which had been injured by fire. The species often 
varies (as G. rusticus) in several particulars, such as shape of thorax, 
the depressions on its disc, the proportions of certain parts of the body, 
the distance between the eyes on the underside of the head, the sculp- 
ture, &c., but all the examples appear to belong to one species. 

The life history of the species has been carefully worked out by Mr. 
F. Gilbert Smith, and the results of his obscivations are embodied in an 
excellent paper on "The habits of Asemum striatum and Griocejjhalus 
ferus" published in the Transactions of the Entomological Society for 
1905, p. 165-176. 

TETROPIUM, Kirby. 
Tetropium, Kirby (Faun. Bor. Amer. 174). Form subparallel, 
rather robust, not convex ; head narrower than thorax, concave between 
the antennae, antennae widely sepai-ated at base, rather short and 
tapering, longer in the male than in the female, but in the former sex 
scarcely longer than half the body; eyes almost completely divided 
(hence the name of the genus) ; maxillaj short and bi-oad with the outer 
one elbowed exteriorly ; labium slightly sinuate on its anterior margin 
with the lateral angles produced ; thorax almost as long as broad, 
strongly rounded at the sides, about as much nairowed in front as behind ; 
scutellum rounded behind ; elytra almost parallel, with the apices 
separately rounded, with more or less distinct raised lines ; prosternum 
terminating in a sharp point between the anterior coxse and not 
produced beyond them ; mesosternum very narrow ; legs comparatively 
short and robust, with the femora claviform, somewdiat compressed, the 
posterior femora being the longest. The insects belonging to this genus 



154 CERAMBYCID^. 

appear to be attached to temperate and cold countries, and are mostly, 
if not entirely, found in Coniferse. 

The larva and pupa of T. gabrieli are described and figured by Mr. 
Orawshay (Trans. Ent. Soc. l'JU7, 194, 202, PI. xx.). The larva is a 
white fleshy grub with a small head and a large and broad prothoracic 
segment, the two succeeding segments being vei*y short ; it is widest in 
front, narrowed in the middle and gradually widened towards apex ; 
the surface is scantily clothed throughout with short hairs ; scansorial 
prominences are present on the ventral surface of the abdominal 
segments ; the legs are small and somewhat corneous ; the apical 
segment of the abdomen on its dorsal surface has two very small 
corneous tubercles, which appear after the third month ; these are 
useful as distinguishing the larva from its very near ally Asemum and 
also from Criocephalus. 

The pupa has the whole dorsal surface, the ventral surface of the 
abdomen and the apex of the femora sparingly furnished with short 
spines, which, on the dorsal surface of the abdominal segments, are 
arrayed chiefly in small groups, one on either side of the median line ; 
and the apical segment of the abdomen terminates in two strong spines 
curved inwards towards one another. These, as Mr. Orawshay (I.e. 202) 
points out, provide the pupa with a firm hold on the wood and admit of 
an active rotatoi'y movement as it lies vertically in its cell. 

T. gabrieli, Weise (Deutsch. Ent. Zeitschr, 1905, 136) ; var. 
crawshayi. Sharp (Ent. Mo. Mag, xli. (2 Ser. xvi.) 1905, 271); T. 
fuscum, Sharp and others [nee F.) (Ent. Mo. Mag. xxxix. (2 Ser. xiv.) 
1903, 198, 228) ; T. castanei^n, Newbery and others {nee L.) (Ent. Mo. 
Mag. xl. (2 Ser. xv.) 1901, 86 ; xli. (2 Ser. xvi.) 1905, 69) ; T. luridum, 
var. ? Sharp {nee L.) (Ent. Mo. Mag. xli. (2 Ser. xvi.) 1905, 273) ; T. 
pareum, Sharp (Ent. Mo. Mag. xli. (2 Ser. xvi.) 1905, 272). Colour 
and size variable, black or pitchy black, or more or less castaneous, or 
black with the elytra lighter or darker fuscous ] head and thorax more 
or less shiny, the former narrower than the latter, not deeply sunk in 
the thorax, rather strongly punctured in front, more closely behind ; 
antennae lighter or darker pitchy or reddish, robust and slightly tapering ; 
thorax varying in length and also in sculpture, the punctuation being 
stronger in front than behind, duller at sides which are punctate- 
gi^anulate, basal maigin more or less distinctly, sometimes obsoletely, 
raised, with moi-e or less defined smaller areas, longitudinal channel 
distinct, sides sti^ongly rounded ; scutellum channelled ; elytra dull, 
more or less depressed, very finely sculptured with more or less distinct 
raised lines, and with fine silky yellowish-white fugitive pubescence 
towards base, which is very evident in freshly emerged specimens ; 
legs I'obust, pitchy or red ; underside pubescent. 

Male with the joints of the front taisi and the femora broader, and 
with the antennas longer than in the female. L. 10-16 mm. 

One specimen was first introduced by Dr. Sharp (Ent. Mo. Mag. 
1903, 198) under the name of 1\ fuscum, F,, as having been taken on 



OERAMBYOID^. 155 

June 20, 1903, by Miss M. A. Sharp near Brockenhiust , Mr. Edward 
Saunders (Ent. Mo. Mag. 1903, 228) then recorded another specimen of 
the same insect taken in July, 1901, near Betchworth, Surrey, but not 
recorded, because it was thought to be a casual introduction ; records 
of other captures then began to be made known and Mr. Bouskell 
announced a new species taken by him in 1902 at Market Bosworth 
(Ent. Rec. 1903, p. 288) under the name of T. castaneum* which is 
now rightly regarded as the same insect as the others ; the capture 
of anotlier specimen of T. castaneum at Esher was soon afterwards 
announced by Mr. G. E. Bryant (Ent. Mo. Mag. 1905, 69) ; the great 
discovery of the species, iiowever, was made by the Rev. G. H. Crawshay, 
who reared a very fine series of it from larch at Leighton Buzzard, and 
supplied most of the British collections with it ; Mr. Ci-awshay further 
worked out the life history of the species with the greatest care and 
embodied his researches in the very valuable paper in the Tr'ansactions 
of the Entomological Society above referred to (1907, Part ii. 183-212, 
Plates xv.-xx.) ; this paper, whicli is a model of research in the life 
history of a single insect, practically exhausts the subject. 

Taken in some numbers at Bardon Hill, Leicestershire, by Messrs. 
Talbot and Payne in 1910, and by Mr. Donisthorpe at Oxshottin 1911. 
It has also occurred at King's Lynn, Norfolk (Atmore), Enfield (Pool), 
Bradfield (Joy), Oxford .(Walker), &c. 

All Mr. Crawshay 's examples, which were first taken, had pitchy- 
black legs, and it was chiefly on this character that Dr. Sharp (Ent. 
Mo. Mag. 1905, 271) described T. cratoshayi as a separate species ; it 
was soon, however, obvious that the character was variable and that the 
species was nothing more than a variety of the recently described 
T. gabrieli, Weise. It appears to be almost certain that all the 
specimens captured in Britain must be i-eferred to the last-named 
species, as the dift'erences of colour, length and sculpture of thorax, &c., 
aribrd very doubtful characters. I have before me two specimens bred 
by myself from a batch of four larvse sent to me by Mr. Crawshay : one 
has the legs pitchy-black and the thorax just about as long as broad, 
almost slightly transverse ; and in the other the legs are pitchy -red 
(they were brighter red in life) and the thorax is plainly narrower, 
longer than broad, and rather difl^erently sculptured ; it is these 
difi'erences in specimens of one brood that should make coleopterists 
very chary of erecting new species on slight variations. 

I believe that T. parcum, Sharp (Ent. Mo. Mag. 1905, 272) is at 
most a variety of T. gabrieli, but, as there may be some doubt, I here 
quote his description and remarks : 

" Tetropium parcum, sp. n. 

" $ Sat angustum, baud depressum, prothorace parum transverso, 
sat nitido, subtiliter punctato, areis Isevigatis parum magnis, margine 
basali paruui elevata." L. 14-15 mm. 

* Mr. Bouskell's insects were the first red-legged specimens of T. gahrieli 
taken in Europe. 



156 OERAMBYCID^. 

" The male, compared with the same sex of T. crmoshayi., is a little 
more robust and convex, with thicker legs and antennse, has the vertex 
canaliculate, and the thorax less densely and less uniformly punctate and 
rather shorter in proportion to its width, and the colour is different. 

" The female of T.parcum differs from the male by its more slender 
legs and antennae, and by a more punctate thoiax, with only very small 
and smooth areas on the disc. The female difiers from the female of 
T. hividum by the rather shorter thorax, and the longitudinally depressed 
vertex, as well as by the form of the base of the pronotum and by other 
characters. 

" The important character by which this species differs from T. 
luridum is the imperfect condition of the centre of the breast. This 
exists in both sexes, although (as is usually the case in this genus) there 
is a sexual difference in the structure at this point, due to the female 
having the meso- and prosterna more flattened than they are in the male. 
In the male the front of the mesosternum slopes upwards, and no 
junction with the mesosternal process can be seen. In the female the 
mesosternal process is broader than in the male, and there is a con- 
siderable gap between its apex and the most prominent part of the 
metasternum. 

" T. parcum is allied both to T. luridum and T.fuscum. It is well 
distinguished from the former by the sternal structui^e, by the much 
less developed broad margin of the thorax and by the more dense white 
pubescence on tlie base of the elytra. It is longer than T.fuscum, 
and has not the peculiar granular sculpture on the thorax which 
distinguishes T. fuscum, from all the other species. T. parcum is at 
present known only by two specimens in the Crotch Collection of 
British Coleojitera in our Museum at Cambridge. They are labelled 
'near Manchester, 1865.' Inquiry at Manchester has failed to elicit 
any further information as to their history." 

Even, therefore, if T. pa/rcurtx be regarded as a good species, its 
record as British is very doubtful, and it can hardly be admitted at 
present to a place in our lists. 

PHYMATODES, Mulsant. 
P. (Callidiuxn) lividus, Rossi (Mant. Ins. ii. App. 1794, 
p. 98). Elongate and parallel-sided, very like a Telephoras in general 
appearance ; head testaceous, antemife much longer in the male than 
in the female with the first joint considerably thickened at apex ; thorax 
small and shining, testaceous, darker at the sides (the dark colour 
occupying more oi' less of the upper surface) or with two dark spots, 
broadest behind middle and narrowed towards apex and base, with more 
or less traces of a central line, dis^tinctly and not closely punctured on 
disc ; scutellum shiny, dark testaceous ; elytra elongate, parallel, of a 
livid leaden colour, very closely and inigosely sculptured ; legs strong, 
with the femora considerably dilated, testaceous, with the femora (except 
base and apex), the apex of the tibiae and the tarsi dark. L. 6-9 mm. 



CERAMBYOID^. 157 

Reading ; taken by Mr. W. E. Butler, bred from larvje, feeding on 
tlie wooden hoops of wine and brandy casks. Mr. Butler distribvited 
them at first as C'cdlidiurn variabile, F., which they much resemble, and 
from which they may be known by the much more evident sculpture 
of the elytra, more distinct j^ubescence, smaller size, the absence of a 
longitudinal line on the head, and the thinner antennas, which have 
the third joint distinctly longer than the fourth. The beetle has 
evidently been introduced from France, where it is not uncommon in 
the wine districts, and it has occurred in Italy and Greece, and has 
been introduced into the United States. The species was introduced 
as British by Mr. Bouskell (Ent. Record, 1905, 291). 

In the European Catalogue (1906) CalUdium variabile, L., and C. 
aim, L., are placed under this genus, the former being classed as an 
aberriition of C. testaceum, L. C. sanguineum, L., forms a genus 
P l/yrhidium, Fairmaire. 

CLYTUS, Laicharting. 
C. (Anaglyptus) mysticus, L., var. hieroglyphicus, Herbst. 
(Flissl. V. 90). In this insect the shoulders of the elytra are black, 
the red colour, which is usually present, being entirely wanting; it has 
occurred at Chester and in one or two other localities, but is apparently 
very rare in Britain. 

GRAMMOPTERA, Serville. 

G. holomelina, Pool (Ent. Record, xvii. 1905, 133, 182). Of the 
same size and shape as G. ruficornis, F., but entirely of a deep black 
colour, and with the pubescence very scanty and quite different from 
the silky yellowish pubescence of the last-named species. L. 6-8 mm. 

Enfield, Middlesex, in some numbers (Pool) ; Yorkshire (E. A. 
Waterhouse), one specimen taken thirty years ago. 

Mr. Pool first recorded this insect as a black variety of G. ruficornis, 
and it is possible that this is right, but Mr. Donisthorpe \l.c. 182), who has 
taken it with Mr. Pool, believes that it deserves specific rank (as does also 
Dr. Sharp), for the difference of colour and pubescence, and also because 
of the fact that although it was taken in company with G. ruficornis, 
and the various forms of this insect were found in cop., yet no case 
occurred of G, holomelina and G. ruficornis being found in cop. The 
question can hardly be regarded, however, as settled, as there are no 
structural difierences. 

Since the above was written Dr. Sharp has discovered a specimen 
in the collection of Mr. T. G. Bishop, which was found among the 
duplicates of the late Mr. S. Stevens, and must be fifty or sixty years 
old ; it has no label affixed (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlvi. (2 Ser. xxi.) 1910, 71). 

G. ruficornis, F., var. pallipes, Steph. (Mand, iv. 1831, p. 246) ; 
var. flavipes. Pic. (Ech. 1892, 139 ?). This form has the mouth, legs, 
and antennpe pale rufo-testaceous. It is stated to be not uncommon in 
Ireland (Johnson & Halbert, Ii-ish List, 1902, p. 754). 



168 LARIID^. 

Mr. Champion points out (Ent. Mo. Mag., 1 910, p. 70) that it appears 
to have escaped the notice of Continental Coleopterists, and that 
presumably it is the var. Havipes, Pic. 

LAMIID^. 

MONOCHAMMUS, Curtis. 

(M. titillator, Fabr. (Syst. Ent. p. 172; Leconte, Journ. 
Ac. Phil., ser. 2, ii. p. 148). this pretty brown and white mottled 
species of Monochammus has been taken alive in Britain several times 
and was recorded by Mr. Donisthorpe (Ent. Record, 1903, p. 153) as 
taken in a willow tree in the Freemans' Gardens, Aylestone Road, 
near Leicester, by Mr. Tristram in the summer of 1895, but as 
evidently an importation. Mr. E. A. Waterhouse found it in Battersea 
Park thirty years ago, and there is a specimen in the British Museum 
labelled " taken alive in Surrey " ; it has also been captured by Mr. 
Robson at Hartlepool. The species, however, is not even indigenous 
to Europe, being a typical North American insect, and it cannot be 
admitted to our lists.) 

OBEREA, Mulsant. 

O. oculata, L., var, quadrimaculata, Donisthorpe (Ent. 
Record, x. 1898, 302). The ordinary foi^ms of 0. oculata have two 
black spots on the disc ; in this variety there are two more black spots, 
situated behind the others, but nearer to the sides of the thorax. 

Taken in Wicken Fen by Mr. Donisthorpe and Professor Hudson 
Beare. 

LARIIDiE. 

LARIA, Scopoh = BRUCHUS,L. 

The family and generic names must be altered for this group as 
there has been considerable confusion in the use of the terms Bruchidce 
and Bruchus which have been applied to the family Ptinidoi and the 
genus Ptinus respectively. All the chief authorities are now agreed as 
to the necessity of the change. 

Mr. Champion (Ent. Mo. Mag. xxxvii. (2 Ser. xii.) 1904, 144) dis- 
cusses the synonymy, &c., of several species of Bruchus, and certain 
alterations must be made in our lists 

L. pectinicornis, L. The insects which stand in our collections 
under this name must be referred to L. incarnata, Boh., a species 
recorded from Egypt, Spain, and Southern France. Mr. Donisthorpe 
has found it in a granary in London. The true B. pectinicornis, L., 
appears to have been found by Mr. E. A, Waterhouse near Putney, 
quite away from houses, and by Mr. 0. E. Janson at Highgate, and 
bied from the chick pea from a London warehouse ; West Malvern, in 
a house (Tomlin) ; Coulsdon, sweeping (Bedwell). 



LARIID^. 159 

L. viciae, 01. The insects recorded under this name as having 
been taken by Di-. Power at Hurst and the Devil's Dyke, Brighton 
(the specimens, however, are not in the Power collection), and by 
Mr. Champion on the chalk hills at Oaterham, must be referred to 
L. FaJircei, Gyll., which is really a variety of L. at07naria, L., from 
which it diflers in the almost entirely black legs and antennae. The 
true L. vicice, 01., does not apparently occur in Britain ; it has the legs 
black, the thorax shorter than that of L. atomaria, and the inter- 
mediate tibije of the male bidentate at the apex : it differs from 
L. riifipes^ Herb>t., in its trapezoidal thorax. The males of Z. atomaria 
differ from those of L. rufipes in having the intermediate tibiae armed 
with a short tooth at some distance before the apex and their inner 
apical angle acute. 

L. luteicornis, 111. (1794) is a variety of L. rufipes, Herbst. (1783) 
( = m(.bi/a, Boh.). The colour of the antennae and -of the anterior and 
intermediate legs in L. rvfipes is very variable, but the females always 
have at least the six outer anteiuial joints black, and the males usually 
have the antennae entirely rufo-testaceous. In both sexes the four 
anterior legs and the antennae are occasionally almost entirely black ; 
the tendency, however, is always for the male to have these parts more 
lightly coloured than the female. The males, Mr. Champion says, may 
easily be identified by the slightly curved intermediate tibiae, which ai'e 
sinuous on the inner edge and sharply bidentate at the inner apical 
angle. In Mr. Champion's examples captured at difierent times at 
Claygate and Ashtead, Surrey, there are all the gradations in the 
colour of the legs and antennae ; the species also occurs at Hanwell 
and Guildford, and Mr. Donisthorpe has found a specimen in lichen, 
on a gate-post at Budleigh Salterton, Devon. 

L. lentis. Boh., is placed in the last British Catalogue (Beai-e 
and Donisthorpe) among the introduced species at the end ; it has, of 
course, been introduced, but it has at least as much claim to be included 
in our lists as some of the other species : the records of the insect as 
taken by Dr. Power at Birchwood and Gravesend are probably in 
error. 

L. rufimana, var. velutina, Muls. (Op. viii. 27). Mr. Champion 
(Ent. Mo. Mag. xliii. (2 Ser. xviii.) 1908, 1) has the following note on 
Bruchus affinis, Frol. {flavimanus. Boh.) : " Some years ago Schilsky 
examined the so-called B. ajffinis of my British collection and pronounced 
them to be B. i^ufiinamcs, Boh., var. velutinus, Muls. (Schilsky in Kiisters 
Die K'afer Europa's xxxxi. 22) : I have also seen specimens of this form 
in the British Museum and in the collection of Commander Walker. It 
occurs sparingly in various parts of Kent (Sittingbourne, Sheppey and 
Chatham) in company with the true B. rufimanus, from vvhich it differs 
in the greyer and more uniformly coloured vestiture of the elytra. 
The true B. affinis (which I have taken in Corsica) probably has no 
claim to a place in the British list ; it has two almost bare black spots 
on the pygidium as in B.pisi, L., as noted by Boheman." Donisthorpe, 



160 CHRYSOMELID^. 

however, has pointed out (Ent. Mo. Mag. 1008, p. 40) that he has 
taken the true B. afflnis, Froh., in Darenth Wood in 1893. He has 
swept the var. vehitlna ofl" beans at Whitstable. 

CHRYSOMELID^. 

ORSODACNA, Latreille. 
In the Ent. Mo. Mag. xxxiv. (2 Ser. ix.) 1898, 175, Mr. Champion 
adds a European variety of 0. cerasi, L., to the British list, and, having 
taken a considerable number at Ashtead, Surrey, gives the following- 
table of forms of this species and 0. lineola, Panz., which are represented 
in his British collection : 

0. lineola, Panz. 

1. Testaceous, with a dorsal vitta on the thorax, the head and breast, 

and sometimes the suture of the elytra, black. — 0. lineola, Panz. 
(Ashtead, Surrey, female.) 

2. Entirely testaceous above, the breast sometimes infuscate (Ashtead, 

male ; Paisley, female). 
8. Testaceous, the head and breast infuscate oriblack. — 0. nigrice2)s, Latr., 
0. mespili, Lac. (Ashtead, Gravesend, Paisley, female.) 

4. Bluish -green, the shoulders of the elytra, and sometimes the sides 

of the thorax rufescent or fulvous. — 0. hiimeralis, Latr. (Ashtead 
and Paisley, male.) 

5. Bluish-green, the sides of the thorax broadly, the base of the femora, 

and the tibiae, fulvous (Ashtead, male). 

6. Entirely bluish-green above. — 0. coei-ulescens, Duft., and 0. nema- 

todes, Lac. (Ashtead and Paisley, male.) 

Eight varieties are enumerated by Weise, one only of which, his 
form C, is not known to Mr. Champion as British. It is black, with the 
elytra testaceous, the lateral margins excepted, or entirely piceous 
(0. nigricollis, 01., and 0. marginella, Duft ). Weisc does not appear to 
have noticed that some of the forms are restricted to one sex only. 

0. cerasi, L. 

1. Upper and under side testaceous. — 0. chlorotica, 01., 0. fulvicollis, 

Panz. (Male; no definite locality.) 

2. Testaceous, the suture of the elytra at the base, and the under 

surface, infuscate or black. — 0. lineola, Lac. (Colefoi-d and Matlock, 
male and female.) 

3. Testaceous, the apex of the elytra and the under surface blackish. — 

0. melanura, F. (Male ; no definite locality.) 

4. Black, the thorax and the front of the head rufo-piceous ; the legs 

obscure ferruginous. — 0. glabrata, F. (Matlock, Garneys, female.) 

0. cerasi may be easil)- distinguished from 0. lineola by the almost 
glabrous and more sparsely punctuied upper surface ; as both species 



CHRYSOMELID.i:. 161 

are so variable, they are hard to recognise at first sight. Several 
specimens of the var. glahrataweve taken at Matlock Bath by Professor 
Beare and Mr. Donisthorpe. 

LEMA, Fabricius. 

Ij. septentrionis, Weise (Ent, Mo. iii. 158; Naturg. d. Ins. 
Deutsch. vi. i. G;j)j {v. Champion, Ent. Mo. Mag. sxxiii. (2 Ser. viii.) 181)7 
135). L. erichsoni, Thoms. (Skand. Col. viii. lil, et Brit. Col. nee Suffr.). 
This is the insect standing in our collections as L. ei^ichsoni ; but it must 
be referred to Weise's insect, which is described by its author as being 
" more slender than L. erichsoni, Sufir., and nearly as elongate as 
L. melano'pa, L. ; sky-blue, the thorax darker, nearly black, the head 
generally greenish ; the latter shaped as in L. erichsoni, but rather 
more distantly, strongly and more deeply punctured. The thorax is 
very similar to that of L. erichsoni, but distinctly narrower and deeply 
constricted before the base, tlie constriction rather remotely impressed 
with deep punctures of difl'erent sizes, but more finely and evenly 
punctured at the sides, where the constriction is more shallow ; the 
disc scarcely visibly, and not closely, punctured, very shining, with large 
punctures nearly arranged in rows towards the anterior angles and in 
three longitudinal rows in the middle. The elytra are moderately 
shining, coarsely punctate-striate, the stri?e deep, the interstices very 
narrow, partly touched by the punctures." 

Not uncommon in meadows in Ireland, but rather local ; Mr. C. W. 
Buckle obtained it plentifully on young shoots of oats, in company with 
the larva, in July (Irish List, Johnson and Halbert, 700). Dr. 
Power took it at Waterfoid, and it was considered one of our rarest 
British species for some time, but it has now been found in Donegal, 
Derry, Antrim, Down, Galway, Louth, Westmeath, Dublin, King's 
•County, Wexford and Cork (Mr. Donisthorpe has taken it near Caragh 
Lake, co. Kerry) ; it does not appear to have occurred in England or 
Scotland. It lives on a species of Nasturtittm. 

In shape it is very like L. melano2xt, Gyll. At one time I was 
inclined to agree with Crotch and others in regarding it as a form of 
that insect, but it differs in its average less elongate shape and in 
having the thorax distinctly wider behind the constriction, and therefore 
apparently shorter. On the Continent it has been recorded from 
Miiggelsee near Berlin, and from Southern and Central Sweden. 

L. erichsoni, Sufi"r. (Stett. Zeit. 1841, 104, oiec Thoms.). This is 
the insect referred to by Mr. Champion [I.e. 130), and afterwards by 
Mr. Halbert and Mr. Johnson, as a variety of L. septentrionis, with the 
thorax metallic green and the elytra relatively broader ; it appears, 
however, to be quite distinct and to be the true X. erichsoni, Sutfr. ; as 
such it is an interesting addition to our list. Apart from the colour of 
the thorax, which is, however, very constant in Z. septentrionis (being 
always black, with a bronze reflection), it may be at once known by the 
broader, shorter, and less parallel elytra (which are shaped more as in 

L 



162 CHRYSOMELID^. 

L. cyanella^'L., or L. Z;>/;ejns, Yoet.). and the much less strong strial 
punctuation of the elytra ; the thorax, moreover, is rather difierently 
punctured, and, under a high power, shows more traces of minute 
punctures between the scattered larger one?. L. 4-4 1 mm. 

Rye (Donisthorpe) ; Slapton Ley, Devon (Joy) ; Hastings (Bennett) 
— all single specimens. There is also an old specimen in the 
Stephensian Collection. The species is widely distributed in Northern 
and Central Europe and occurs in the Caucasus ; it Avill probably be 
found in greater numbers. These two species may be distinguished as 
follows : 

I. Thorax black ; elytra blue, elongate, 

with the punctures of the strias rela- 
tively large and deep . . . L. septenteiokis, Weise. 

II. Thorax and elytra blue, less elongate, 

with the punctvires of the stride less 

large and deep . . . . . L. erichsoni, Sitffr. 
L. septenfrionis has hitherto been only found in Ireland, and 
L. erichsoni only in the south of England. 

CAMPTOSOMATA. 
LABIDOSTOMIS, Redtenbacher. 
L. tridentata, L. (8yst. N. x. 374). Mr. Donisthorpe (Ent. 
Mo. Mag. xxxix. (2 Ser. xiv.) 1903, 205; Ent. Rec. 1908, 108, pit. ix.) 
gives an account of the oviposition of this insect and of the young 
larva, which closely resembles that of Clythra. The female lays white 
bunches of from five to twenty-five eggs on birch leaves, and each egg- 
is covered with a case which the female constructs from her excrement, 
rolling it round the egg with her hind tarsi. When hatched the little 
larva remains inside the egg case, Avhich it breaks ofi' from the rest, and 
looks a very curious object walking rapidly along with the case sticking 
up upon its hind body. 

CLYTHRA, Laicharting. 
C. quadripunctata, L. (Syst. N. x. 374). Mr. Donisthorpe 
has given a long and interesting account of the life-history of this 
insect, Avith coloured figures, in the Transactions of the Entomological 
Society of London (1902, Part ii., Plate ii.). 

GYNANDROPHTHALMA, Lacordaiie. 
Gynandrophthalma, Lac. (Mon. Phyt. vol. ii. p. 256 (1848)). 
Body subcylindrical, short, more or less convex, with the upper side 
rarely pubescent ; head moderate with the eyes round and somewhat 
prominent; antennae with the joints variable ; thorax transverse, moie 
or less gradually narrowed and rounded in front ; scutellum variable, 
but usually truncate at apex ; elyti\a feebly sinuate at the sides, with 
the epipleural lobes projecting beyond the margins ; anterior coxae not 



CHRYSOMELID^. 16B 

strongly developed, obccnical ; legs, as a rule, short, more slender in 
the male than in the female ; tibife straight ; tarsi usually slender, the 
first and second joints of variable length, the third split to base, and the 
fourth long, extending plainly beyond the lobes of the third. 

In the female the body is somewhat widened behind, the eyes are 
less pi'ominent, and the legs more slender, and there is a fovea in the 
centre of the last abdominal segment. 

The genus is a veiy large one, containing nearly two hundred species, 
which are widely distributed in Europe, Asia, Africa and Central and 
South America (from Mexico to Brazil). It belongs to the Clytrinfe, 
and is allied to IJelitonoona, Lac, and Chilotoma, Lac. 

G. afiinis, Eossi. (Faun. Etrusc. p. 97 (1795) ) ; G. collaris, Schrank. 
(Faun. Ins. Austr. p. 170 (41) «ec Fab.). Oblong, subparallel; head 
dark, closely and somewhat rugosely punctured, with a strong depression 
at base ; eyes rather large and prominent ; antennae short and rather 
stout, red at base, infuscate towards apex, with the first joint large and 
stout, the second much shorter, but nearly as broad, the third very 
small, the fourth longer and dilated at apex, 5-10 stout, transverse and 
subserrate, and the last about as long as, and rather narrower than, the 
penultimate; thorax much broader than the head, finely punctui'ed, 
almost smooth, red, with the centi-al parts broadly dark; elytra blue or 
greenish-blue, strongly and more or less irregularly, in parts somewhat 
rugosely, punctured ; legs clear orange-red, the anterior pair being the 
longest. L. 2|-4 mm. 

Wychwood, near AVitne}% Oxfordshire (Holland). Mr. Holland 
took a single specimen on June 18, 1899, and in 1890 found it in 
numbers at about the same time. The species has occuired throughout 
the greater part of Europe up to Finland, where, according to 
Lacordaire, it is very rare : it is said to occur in Germany from May to 
July on oak shoots or in flowers. 

At first sight it superficially resembles Gastrophysa polygoni, but the 
short and stout antennse, and the structure of the legs and tarsi will 
easily distinguish it from any others of our Chi-ysomelidee. 

The occurrence of this insect in numbers in the centre of the country 
is very interesting, and leads us to expect that many more species new 
to Britain may be found when the vast number of woods and other 
localities which have not been touched, are worked systematically. 

CRYPTOCEPHALUS, Geofi^roy. 

C. bipunctatus, L. (Syst. Nat. x. 374). This appears to be really 
the type insect, of which our well-known G. lineola, F., is only a variet} . 
C. hipunctatus is a variable insect, the elytra being almost unicolorous- 
red or reddish-yellow, or yellowish-red with one black spot on each, or 
with four black spots, the bar on each side being sometimes confluent, 
but in no case is there a thick black regular band as in G. lineola. 

Taken by Mr. Mitford in 1907 at Niton, Isle of Wight, and 



104 CHRYSOMELID.^. 

subsequently by Mr. Donisthorpe in numbers at the same place in 
July, 1908 {v. Ent. Record, xx. (1908) 208). 

Var. thomsoni, Weise (Nat. Ins. Deutsch. vi. 1G7). Entirely 
black, with the apex of the elytra reddish -yellow : very like C. higuitatus, 
and probably confused with it in our collections, but distinguished by the 
less strong punctuation. 

Introduced as British by Champion (Ent. Mo. Mag. xxviii., 1892, 
193), who took it by beating sallows at Woking, and subsequently found 
by Dolman near Lewes. Walker has also recently taken it at Woking. 
C. parvulus, Miill. var. barbareae, Steph. nee L. (Champion, 
Ent. Mo. Mag. xxxiii. (2 Ser. viii.), 1897, 91). This insect is entirely 
black above, with the sides and under surface bluish-violaceous : the 
serrate punctures on the elytra are very coarse and transverse in shape, 
making the interstices appear to be transversely wiinkled. The 
trochanters are testaceous. 

Taken by Mr. W. H. Bennett and Mr. Donisthorpe at Battle, 
Sussex, on birch, in August 1895 ; also by Mr. Champion at Hermi- 
tage Wood, near Woking, and at Chobham in 1909. 

The C barbarece of Linnreus, according to recent writers, is a black 
variety of C. 10-macidatus, L. ( = 10 -]}itnctat us, L.). Mr. Champion is of 
opinion that the present insect may probably be the var. C. of C. 
Jlavilabris, Gyll. (Faun. Suec. ii. 62Q) ," sicjjin niger, siibtus oiigi^ocoeruleus." 
C.flavilabris, Gyll. («ecFabr.) is^ however, treated by Weise as synony- 
mous with C cceridescens, Sahib., which has not occurred in Britain. 

CYCLICA. 
CHRYSOMELA, Linne. 

[C. (Chrysochloa) gloriosa, F. (Sp. Ins. ii. App. 497), var. 
superba, SuflV. (Mon. 108). A specimen of this beautiful insect, which is 
about the size of a large C. vienthrasti, of a golden-green or green colour 
Avith broad longitudinal red stripes, was found alive on the cliffs at South- 
wold, in June, 1897, by a friend of Mr, Tomlin, and sent to him ; how 
it reached the locality is a mystery ; it is uncommon on the Continent, 
and is certaiidy not likely to prove indigenous ; the specimen is 
imperfect and looks as if it had been subjected to rough usage ; it may 
Lave been washed over, but this seems doubtful.] 

C. brunsvicensis, Grav. (Vgl. Zool. Syst., 1807, 135), This 
is the insect standing in our British collections as C didymata. In the 
latter species the upper side is almost always blue, and the punctures 
between the elytral strife are more distant and less nvimerous. We do 
not, apparently, possess G. didymata as Biitish (Newbery, Ent. Mo. 
Mag. xlvi. (2 Ser. xxi.), 1910, 229). 

PARAPH-ffiDON, Sharp. 
Paraphsedon, Sharp (Ent. Mo. ]\Iag. xlvi. (2 Ser. xxi.) 1910, 4). 
This genus has been formed by Dr. Sharp for the reception of our well- 
known species Phcedon tumidulus, Germ.; he characterises it as follows : 



OHRYSOMELID^. 16^ 

" Linea metasttmali externe antrorsuin curvata ; elytra humeris, cumque 
tnesostemo antice, adrecejJtionem femoris profunde -imjjressis ; jTrosterriiim, 
in medio carinatimi." The cavity for the reception of the femora and the 
carinate prosternum are certainly sufficient characters to separate it from 
Phcedon, Latr., in Avhich there is no such cavity and the prosternum is not 
carinate; in the latter genus the metasternal line is elongate, and is turned 
backwards externally and meets the episternal suture nearer the hind 
margin than the front. 

PH.SDON, Latreille. 
As there has been considerable confusion between some authors who 
regard F. concinmis, 8teph., and /•". cochlearice, i^,, as identical, and others 
who consider them to be distinct, and as it seems clear that we possess 
three, and not two species of Phcedon proper, it may be well to quote 
some of the additional remarks of Dr. Sharp on these species (/.c. pp. 
5 and 6). 

P. armoracise, L. {hetidce, Kiist.). This species, which must not be 
confounded with Flagiodera versicolora, Laish (armoracice, F.), is usually 
larger than the other membei s of the genus, and of a dark steel-blue 
colour, with a prominent shoulder to the elytra which is always marked 
on the scutellar side by a well-defined depre>sion ; the joints of the club 
of the antennae are broad and short, 7-10 being distinctly transverse, and 
there is no trace of any red colour on the undersides of the basal joints ; 
the sculpture of the elytra is strong (all the strife being well markedj and 
the punctuation of the interstices is quite distinct ; on the underside the 
margin of the terminal plate is pale red. The variation is only slight. 

P. concinnus, Steph, Rather smaller, nari-ower, and more convex 
than the preceding, with the humeral callus somewhat less marked 
and the serial punctuation of the elytra more shallow ; the antennae are 
always quite black, and on the underside there is no red colour on the 
terminal plate. The colour is usually bright green or golden-green, and 
occasionally violet-green or coppery, but never the same steel-blue as in 
P. armoracice; on both the upper and undersides there is a peculiar faint 
strigosity. 

P. cochleariae, F. In this species the humeral callus is indistinct ; 
the first and second joints of the antenna? are obscurely marked with red 
underneath, and the club is comparatively slender ; the tips of the tibipe 
are usually red beneath, and there is only a very slight red coloration 
on the hind margin of the last ventral plate of the abdomen ; the usual 
form is bright blue, or more rarely greenish-blue ; specimens, however, 
occur coloured as P. ai^moracio'. These may be distinguished by the 
indistinct humeral callus. 

Dr. Sharp further says that the shape of sedeagus is difl:erent in tJie 
three species. In P. concinnus the apical portion is longer than in the 
other species, more curved, but parallel-sided. In P. armoracice this part 
is naiTowed towards the tip, while in P. cochlearice the apical part is only 
about half as lonsf as in P. concinnus. 



ICr. CHRYSOMELID^. 

LOCHM-ffiA, Weise. 

L. suturalis. Thorns., var. nigrita, Weise (Naturg. Insect. Deutsch, 
vi. 614). This insect is the jet-black variety of L. sicturcdis ; it occurs 
on Cannock Chase, and, I believe, in other localities {v. Ent, Mo. Mag. 
.xl. (2 Ser. xv.), 1904, 183 (TomUn) ). 



GALERUCELLA, Crotch. 

G. pusilla, Duft. (Faun. Aust. iii., 230). A little smaller than 
G. calmariensis, less marked with black on the upper side and with the 
colour of the upper surface a little paler. It may be known by having 
the last two segments of the abdomen entirely red. L. 3-4 mm. 

Horning, Mildenhall, New Foi-est (Dr. Sharp); Wicken Fen 
(Champion) ; Lewes (Dollman) ; Cattield, Norfolk (Beare and Donis- 
thorpe); Balrath, co. Meath (Donisthorpe and Nicholson). 

Bedel (Fauna. Col. Bassin du Seine, v. 279) refuses to regard this as 
a valid species, and it is very doubtful whether it can be accepted. 
Sharp, however, who introduces it as British (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlvi. 
(2 Ser. xxi.) 1910, 28), is of opinion that it must stand, and it is 
regarded as distinct in the last published European Catalogue. 

G. fergussoni, Fowler (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlvi. (2 Ser. xxi.) 1910, 
228). Allied to G. sagittarke, but much smaller and shorter, entii'ely, 
or almost entirely, black, the margins of the elytra and thorax 
being often more or less lighter, usually very narrowly so ; antennae 
with the second joint proportionately longer than the third ; the lateral 
angles of the thorax are more distinct, and the interstices of the elytra 
are more plainly alutaceous. L. 4-5| mm. (In vol. iv. p. 329 the length 
of G. sagittarue should be 6-7|- mm. instead of 4-5 mm.) 

Taken first at Fossil Marsh, near Glasgow, by Mr. Adie Diilglish, and 
.subsequently in numbers in the same locality and at Frankfield Loch, 
Glasgow, by Mr. Anderson Fergusson. The insect occurs on the marsh 
cinquefoil, Comarum jmlustre (the Potentilla jxilust^'is of the London 
Catalogue) in June and August. 

This is the G. sagittarue var. B of Dr. Sharp (Ent. Mo. Mag. 1910, 
00); it is about the size of G. lineola, from which it is quite distinct ; it 
is evidently closely allied to G. sagittaricc, but is totally unlike the 
ordinary examples of that species in facies. G. sagittai'ke appears to be 
very rare or local in Scotland ; Dr. Sharp has taken it at Dabton Loch, 
Thornhill, Dumfriesshire, and Mr. Dalglish at Milngavie, near Glasgow. 
Both these, it must be admitted, are somewhat intermediate forms, and 
the synonymy may require revision in the future. 

LONGITARSUS, Latreille. 
This genus requires very careful working oat as far as our British 
species are concerned : there are a great many eirors in our collections 



CHRYSOMELID.^. 167 

and our doubtful examples (of which there are very many) require to 
be carefully compared with authentic European co-types. We hope 
that one of our many students of the group will soon undertake the 
task. We cannot here do more than indicate a few corrections with 
regard to synonymy, &c. 

L. niger, Koch. It is very doubtful whether we possess the true 
Z. oiiger, Koch., and for the present, at all events, the species should be 
omitted from our lists ; the very few examples should most probably 
belong to L. luridus. 

L. castaneus, Duft., and L. brunneus, Duft., are synonymous 
and the latter name must stand. L. brunneus may be distinguished 
from L. luridus as follows (Bedel. Faune. Col. Seine, 190): 

I. Elytra with several long curved cilia towards 

the extremity of their external margin, and 
a single longer and upright hair at their 
apical angle ...... L. bruxneus, Buft. 

castaneus, Duft. 

II. Elytra with no cilia, or very short ones, at 

their apex ....... L. luridus, Scop. 

[L. nigerrimus, Gyll. (Ins. Suec. iv. App. G56 ; Weise, Naturg. 
Insect. Deutsch. vi. 943). A shining, entirely black, convex species, 
with or without a slight feneous reflection ; tarsi pitchy ; antennse 
slender, with the fourth joint just a little longer than the third ; head 
very finely sculptured ; thorax sparingly punctured in the middle, more 
closely towards base, the punctuation being rather coarse ; elytra with 
evenly rounded sides and well-marked shoulders, closely, evenly, and 
comparatively strongly punctured, suture more or less depressed behind, 
sutural angles right angles, spur of posterior tibise long. L. 2^ mm. 

Cleethorpes, Lincolnshire ; taken by Dr. W. Wallace, of Grimsby, 
by sweeping at night on September 7, 190" ; in INIr. Tomlin's collection 
there is a specimen labelled " Greathide " (Joy, Ent. Mo. ]\Iag. xliv, 
(2 Ser. xix.) 1908, 104). 

The species may be known by its deep black colour, large .size, and 
comparatively strong and even punctuation of the elytra ; the thorax 
is sometimes almost smooth ; apparently smaller specimens are found 
on the Continent, as Weise gives the size as 1*5 to 2*2 mm. I have not 
seen a Continental specimen of L. niyerrimus, and feel somewhat doubt- 
ful as to the identification of the species. Weise compares it with 
L. holsaticus, and says that the species are so close to one another that 
the}" might be confused ; the insect, however, desci'ibed above is totally 
difiei'ent from L. holsaticus in colour, shape, and punctuation, and could 
not in any way be mistaken for it.] 

Since writing the above Mr. Donisthorpe says that the insect above 
-described is only a variety of L. Iu7'idus, as, in company with Dr. 
Wallace, he has taken this insect and L. luridus and all the intermediate 



168 CHRYSOMELID^. 

varieties in the locality above referred to. I have left the description^ 
&,c., as it stands, as it shows the confusion that may so easily arise with 
regard to the members of the genus. 

L. curtus, A]l.(= Teinodacti/la ])ratensis, AH. nee Panz.) (Gal. 
Anis. 137, 832). Ovate, short and broad ; head pitch-black, shining, 
antenna; dark towards apex ; thorax short, transverse, testaceous or 
piceous, with obsolete scattered punctuation ; elytra, at base, broader 
than thorax, with the shoulders well marked and the sides almost 
parallel for two-thirds from this point, rounded and terminating in an 
obtuse sutural angle, scarcely a third longer than broad, with rather 
strong but confused and not close punctuation, testaceous, or with the 
sutvu-e narrowly ferruginous ; under side pitchy ; legs testaceous, 
posterior femora pitchy towaixls apex. Length, 1| mm. 

Introduced as British by Mr. Tomlin on specimens taken at Colby, 
Isle of Man (Ent. Mo. Mag. xl. (2 Ser. xv.) 1904, 60, 179). According 
to him it has the appearance of a small L. melanocephalus, All., but 
is less finely and closely punctured, besides the diflerence in size; its 
food-plant, as a rule, is Echiwin vulgare. 

Mr. Newbery (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlii. (2 Ser. xvii.) 1906, 87) dis- 
putes the determination of these specimens, but Mr. Elliman {I.e. 137) 
records the species without doubt as British, having taken it at Chesham, 
Bucks (he believes on Mi/osotis) ; he compares it with L. atriceps, from 
which it may be known by its paler colour and by the punctuation of 
the elytra not being quite so deep ; his specimens have the suture of 
the elytra slightly rufescent, and the apex only of the femora pitchy or 
rufescent, whereas these parts in L. atriceps are usually wholly black, or 
at all events dark brown, and the tibiae also. 

L. pratensis,Panz. {nee All.) (Faun. Germ. 21, 16) ; L.pusillus, Gyll. 
(Ins. Suec. 3, 549); var. medicaginis, All. (Gal. Anis. 124); relchei, 
All. (Gal. Anis. 132). It is probable that the above synonymy must stand ; 
the var. onedieaginis, is somewhat larger (the sizes given by Allard are 
L. medieaginis, li mm., Z. j^usilhis, Ih mm.) and is said to be less 
obsoletely punctured, but this varies within certain limits. L. reichei 
is merely regarded as a synonym and not even a variety of L. j)ratensis 
in the catalogue of Heyden, Reitter and Weise ; it is, however, 
probably the insect recorded by Mr. W. E. Sharp (Ent. Mo. Mag. 
xlii. (2 Ser. xvii.) 1906, 39) as a dark form of L. jmsiUus, appa- 
rently the Thyamis collaris of Stephens, and probably synonymous 
with the L. reichei of British collections ; it occurred abundantly in 
Buckinghamshire, between Heading and Maidenhead, in September 
1905» 

L. seruginosus, Foudr. (Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon. vi. (1859) pp. 239 
and 315; Altis. pp. 127 and 203). (Ent. llec. 1904, p. 82). This is 
the L, kevis of the British Catalogues and the L. Icevis of Allard is 
the L. sioccineus of Foudras. L. 2^eUucidns, Foudr., seems somewhat 
doubtful, and the localities given for it (Brit. Col. iv. 354) probably 
belong, either in whole or in part, to one of the other two species. 



CHRYSOMELIDtE. 1G» 

Bedel (Faun. Col. du Bassin de la Seine, vi. 194) thus distinguishes 
the species : 

I. Elytra with some rather long hairs to- 
wards the extremity of their external 
border and a still longer raised hair at 
the sutural angle. Antennse with joints 
4-10 very elongate. Insect usually ap- 
terous, rarely (var. Inctator, Weise) 

winged. On E^qxttorium cannabinnm . L. ^eruginosus, Foiidr. 

II. Elytra without or with veiy short cilia 
at apex. Antennte of normal length. 

L. lA"-! ™in- 

i. Elytra subdepressed above, with the 

shoulders usually well marked and the 

punctuation distinct . . . . L. pellucidus, Foudr. 

ii. Elytra regularly convex, with the 

shouldeis almost always eftaced and 

the punctuation obsolete . , . L. succineus, Foudr. 

L, pellucidus occurs on Convolvidus arvensis, and is in any case rare, 
even if we possess it at all as British, which seems very doubtful ; and 
L. succineus is found on Achillea millefolium^ Leucantliemtim vtdgare^ 
Artemisia campestris, (fcc. We appear to possess the var. luctator^ 
Weise, if it can be counted as a variety. 

If. rubiginosus, Foudr. {Jiavicornis, All.), var. fumigatus, 
Weise. This is a dark form and occurs with the type on Convolvidus 
sepium. Lewes (Dollman), Catfield, Norfolk, not uncommon (Donis- 
thorpe). 

PHYLLOTRETA, Foudras. 

P. diademata, Foudr. (Alt. 257). Closely allied to P. atra, R, 
from which it is distinguished by having the vertex impunctate and 
very finely granulate, and separated from the forehead by a semicircular 
punctured line, and also by having the punctures of the elytra strong, 
close and confused ; in P. atra the head is entirely and deeply punctured, 
and the punctuation of the eh'tra is coarser and more regular, and 
almost in lines, especially near the base ; the average size is also larger. 
P. (erea. All. = 'pimctulata, Brit. Col., has the punctuation of the elytra 
confused as in P. diademata, but finer, and may further be known from 
it by its entirely punctured head. L. 1| mm. 

South Devon (P. de la (tarde) ; near Padstow, Sept. 1907 (C. G. 
Lamb) ; not rare in France on Cardamine 2)'>'ate7isis (Newbery, Ent. Mo. 
Mag. xliv. (2 Ser. xix.) 1908, 148). 

APHTHONA, Chevrolat. 

A. coerulea, Fourc. ( = non-striata, Harold) var. aenescens, 

Weise (Naturg. Insect. Deutsch. vi., 912). This variety differs from the 
type form in having the upper surface greenish-feneous in colour ; it was 



170 CHRYSOMELID.^. 

described and figured by Panzer under the name of Altlca hyoscyami ; 
like the type it is attached to Iris pseudacorus. 

Between Pembroke and Tenby (J. J. Walker) ; Candleston, near 
Bridgend, Glamorganshire (Tomlin) ; {v. Champion, Ent. Mo. Mag. 
XXXV. (2 Ser. x.) 1899, 15); Rosbeigh, co. Kerry (Donisthorpe). 

The specimen standing in our collections as A. atratula, AIL, must 
probably be referred to A. atrovirens^ Forst. = tantilla, Foudr. 

CREPIDODERA, Chevrolat. 

C. impressa, Fabr. (Syst. El. i. 496 ; lUig. Mag. vi. 57 ; Allard, 
Gal. Anis. 49). One of the largest species of the genus, moderately 
convex, brownish-red or sometimes blood-red ; upper side glabrous, 
underside clothed with scanty pale yellow pubescence ; closely allied to 
C. transversa, but larger and of a darker colour ; it is more shining and 
has a shorter thorax, the transverse depression in which is very deep ; 
it may be most readily distinguished by the punctuation of the elytra 
of the male, which consists of a series of five depressions, augmented by 
other punctures placed near to these ; hence the internal series appears 
double ; the interstices between the series are broad and definite. The 
female of C. transversa has a similar scheme of punctuation on the 
elytra, but in the last-named insect the punctures are larger and in the 
male sex are very confused. L. 5|-6 mm. 

Taken by Mr. G. 0. Lamb at Hayling Island in September, 1909, 
and introduced as British by Dr. Sharp (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlvi. (2 Ser. xxi.), 
1910, p. 27). 

The species is littoral in its habits, the specimens having been found 
on a spot covered by the sea at high tide ; it appears to be chiefly a 
Mediterranean species, and Dr. Shai'p is of opinion that the specimens 
recorded may prove to belong to a variety peculiar to Britain. 

CH.ffiTOCNEMA, Stephens. 

C. arida, Foud. (Alt. 122; Allard., Gal. Anisop. 573), A small 
ovate species, very like C. hortensis, Geoff"., from which it may be 
distinguished by its narrower, proportionally longer and more finely 
punctured thorax, as well as by the sculpture of the vertex, of which 
the granulation is scarcely visible ; the sculpture of the elytra is more 
or less confused, but the strise are traceable, more distinctly so near 
suture and towards apex ; according to the descriptions the first six 
joints of the antennae are said to be feruginous, but in the only specimen 
I have seen the upper part of the basal joint is black, and this is the 
case with Mr. Champion's specimens ; all the femora are piceous or 
black. L. l|-li mm. 

Taken by Mr. Donisthorpe in theWhitefield Woods near Ryde, Isle of 
Wight, in August 1909, and introduced by him as British. (Ent. 
Record, xxi. 1909, 259), and by Mr. Champion at Chobham, Woking, 
and in the London district ; S. Devon (Joy). 

This insect has apparently been doing duty in our collection as 



CHRYSOMELID^. 171 

G. aridida, Gyll., and the latter insect must apparently be erased from 
our lists ; it is a longer insect with the basal joint of the antennae 
darker, and more like C. confiisa in shape. 

Mr. Donisthoi'pe's specimens of C. arida are smaller and narrower 
than C. hortensis, and have the shoulders more sloping. 

DIBOLIA, Latreille. 

Dibolia, Latr. (Cuv. Regn. anim. (2 ed. v.) 1829, p. 155). Ovate 
and convex ; antennte short, with the basal joint robust ; head small, 
flat in front, concealed beneath the anterior margin of the thorax, which 
is short and transverse ; elytra broad and rather long ; legs with the 
posterior tibise thickened towards apex, and armed at the apex with a 
bifid spur, which, with the concealed head, will easily distinguish the 
genus from its allies. 

D. cynoglossi, Koch. (Ent. Hefte. ii. p. 20, t. 2, fig. 2). Oblong- 
ovate, convex, nigro-?eneous, with a greenish reflection ; antennae fuscous, 
with the first five or six joints red ; thorax comparatively small, 
transverse, narrowed gradually in front, finely and not very closely 
punctured ; elytra with the shoulders rounded, thickly punctured, with 
the punctures fine and arranged in more or less regular rows, which are 
feebler towards apex, interstices very finely sculptured, under a high 
power sub-alutaceous ; legs i^ed or reddish-testaceous, with the femora 
and tarsal claws more or less dark, posterior tibiae somewhat pitchy 
towards apex, spinulose exteriorly. L. 3 mm. 

One specimen was recorded by Stephens (111. Mand. iv. 325) as 
from the neighbourhood of Bristol, but the species has long been 
omitted from our lists, and is practically a new British record. Several 
specimens were captured by Mr. Donistiiorpe at Pevensey in 1902 (Ent. 
Record 1902, p. 3G5), and he found it in abundance in 1905, when he 
discovered the food-plant — Galeopsis ladaniun, var. canescens, Scliultz, a 
variety of the common red "Hemp Nettle" (Ent. Mo. Mag. 1905, 
p. 25G). D. cynoglossi occurs in Central Europe and Spain and is very 
rare in France. 

A single specimen of D. occidtans, Koch., was also recorded by 
Stephens {I.e. p. 325) from the neighbourhood of London ; it is the 
only species that occurs in Norway and Sweden (Thorns. Skand. Col. 
viii. 211) and may very likely be found in Britain; it difl;ers from 
D. cynoglossi in being blacker with a bluish rather than a greenish 
reflection, with the thorax and elytra more thickly punctured, and in 
having black legs, with pitchy tarsi ; the antennae also are darker, with 
the base ferruginous. 

CRYPTOSTOMATA. 

CASSIDA, Linne. 
C. murraea, L., var. maculata, L. (Syst. Nat. xii. 575). This 
is the ordinary green variety of the species, which is apparently as 
common as the type form. 



172 TENEBRIONID^. 

The following characters will serve to separate more easily C. vittata,. 
Vill., and C. nobilis, L. (Bedel. Faun. Col. du Bassin de la Seine, v. 211 ) : 

I. Facial grooves forming a V of which the branches 

commence at the insei-tion of the antennae ; 
thorax scarcely less shiny than the elytra, 
convex behind ...... C. vittata, Vill. 

II. Facial grooves almost forming a Y, their two 

branches in front uniting on the median line ; 
thorax very dull, not convex behind . . C. xobilis, L. 

Mr. DoUman and Mr. Donisthorj^e took several specimens of a form 
of C. nobilis at St. Helens, I, of W., in Augu.st 1909, on Chenopodium, 
marked with a beautiful crim.'on horse-shoe on the elytra (Ent. Rec. 
1909, p. 275). 

TENEBRIONID^. 

ALPHITOPHAGUS, Stephens. 
A. bifasciatus, Say (Journ. Ac. Phil. 1823, 268); A. qvadrijmsti'- 
latus, Steph. (lUust. Brit. v. 32, 12). Say's name has the priority of 
Stephens' by nine years and must be adopted ; it was referi-ed doubtfully 
by its author to the genus Dia'peris ; the insect, as IMr. Champion says 
(Ent. Mo. iVIag. xxxi. (2 Ser. vi.) 1895, 283), is no doubt of American 
origin, like Gnathocerus ; Latheticus, Tribolium, Tenehr io, AlpMtohius anA. 
Palorus are almost certainly of Eastern origin, 

PENTAPHYLLUS, Latreille. 

Pentaphyllus, Latr. (Cuv. Regn. anim. ed. 2, p. 30; Lac. Gen. des 
Col. V. 312 ; Jacq. Duv. iii. 28, pt. 8, f. 39). Oblong-ovate, moderately 
convex. Head short, narrowed in front, almost triangular, eyes moderate, 
widely separated underneath ; maxillas with the internal lobe small 
and narrow, simple at the apex, maxillary palpi with the last joint 
rather large, thicker than the preceding. Subovate, narrowed towards 
apex, truncate at the tip ; antenrse rather short, with a five-jointed 
club ; thorax transverse, bordered at the sides, feebly subsinuate at the 
base ; elytra with the epipleura entire or a]mo.st entire ; pronotum 
extended in a strong projection behind the anterior coxse, which are 
subglobose ; legs slender and linear, tarsi elongate, the posterior with 
the first joint a little longer than the two following united. 

Perttwpliyllus is easily separated from Liajieris, ScapJddema, 
Platydema, ifcc, by the abrupt five-jointed club, from which it derives 
its name : it has been a source of considerable difliculty to authors, some 
of whom have referred it to Myceptopihagvs and others to HyjwpiJddeus. 

P. testaceus, Hellw. (Schneid. Neu. Mag. i. 4, 1792, p. 400). 
Te.staceous, sparingly clothed on the upper surface with fine hairs; 
thorax distinctly punctured ; scutellum rounded, posteriorly broader 
than long; elytra at base as broad as the base of thorax, rounded ai d 
narrowed behind; underside black; anteiior coxse globulose ; legs 
reddish-testaceous. L. 2| mm. 



TENEBRIONID^. 17^ 

Widely spread ia Europe under the bark and in the worm-eaten 
parts of dead or decaying oak-? ; a single specimen was taken in June 
1876 by Mr. O. E. Janson under a decaying boletus {Poli/poras 
sqiutmosus) which he had placed as a trap for coleoptera in the hollow 
trunk of a partially decayed oak in a hedgerow in a field at Crouch 
End, Hornsey. 

The species, as Mr. Janson when introducing it as British remarks 
(Ent. Record, xv. 1903, 128) bears a general resemblance to some of 
the Anisotomides and especially to Agaricojjhagus cephalotes. If properly 
searched for the insect will probably be found again, and may be 
overlooked owing to the fact that old decayed oaks in fields are very 
unproductive of beetles and are usually passed over by collectors. 

PALORUS, Duval. 
There has been considei-able confusion in our lists with regard to 
the genus Pcdorus, Duv. {H)jpo})hloeus auct. 2)asslm) : the species which 
has stood in the British collections as HyjMjMoeus dejyressus, Fabi%, is 
not the Fabrician insect and must be referred to P. ratzehurgi, Wissm. 
{ — ambigaus, WoU.) and we must also add another species, P. suhde- 
pressus, VVoll. ( = bifoveolatus, Baudi) ; the true P. dep-essas, F., does not 
appear as yet to have been found in Britain, although it probably 
will be. Mr. Champion .(Ent. Mo. Mag. xxxii. (2 Ser. vii.) 189G, 27) 
gives an excellent account of the distinctions between the three 
species, which we here quote : 

I. Autennary orbits (or sides of the 
front) moderately prominent, not 
extending backwards so as to hide 
the anterior margin of the eyes 
as seen from above. 
i. The antennary orbits separated 

from the epistoma (or clypeus) by 

a distinct furrow ; head (the 

episterna excepted) and pro- 

thox'ax coarsely, closely punctate, 

the punctures on the prothorax 

becoming vei-y coarse and dense 

towards the sides ; prothorax 

much broader than long; elytra 

coai'sely punctate - striate, with 

one or more of the inner 

interstices irregularly biseriate- 

punctate and the others uni- 

seriate-punctate . . . .P. depressus, Fah: (1790). 



ii. The antennary orbits not separ- 
ated from the epistoma by a 



{=uaicolor, Oliv. (1790).) 



174 



TENEBRIONID^. 



P. RATZEBURGi, Wissm. (1848) 
= ambiguus, Woll. (1857). 



distinct furrow ; head and pro- 
thorax more finely and more 
sparsely punctate, the punctures 
on the prothorax becoming very 
little coarser towards the sides; 
prothorax considerably broader 
than long in the male, still 
broader in the female ; * elytra 
more finely punctate-striate, the 
interstices uniseriate - punctate 
throughout, in some specimens 
transversely wrinkled ; size 
smaller . . . . • 

II. Antennary orbits (or sides of the 
front) prominent and more raised, 
extending backward so as to hide 
the anterior margin of the eyes as 
seen from above, and limited in- 
wards by a deep oblique furiow 
extending backwax'ds from the 
transverse frontal groove ; head 
and prothorax finely and moder- 
ately closely punctured, the punc- 
tures on the prothorax becoming 
coarser towards the sides ; pro- 
thorax much broader than long; 
elytra finely punctate-striate, the 
punctures closely placed, the in- 
terstices uniseriate-punctate, the 
inner ones in some specimens 
irregularly biseriate - punctate ; 

body slightly flattened above . . P. subdepressus, IFoZL (1864) 

= hifoveolatus, Baudi {nee 

Dufts.) (Seidlitz) fl876), 
P. depressus, F., is found under bark, especially of oaks, and has 
not yet occurred in meal in granaries ; it is generally distr-ibuted in 
Europe, but has not yet been found in Britain. 

P. ratzeburgi, Wissm. { = P.dej)ressus, Brit. Coll.) has been found 
under bark, but is commonly found in granaries and bakehouses ; it 
has been taken in various localities in Britain, and is widely distributed 
in Europe, and occurs also in Asia Minor, Tunis, and Madeira. 

P. sub depressus, Woll., occurs in granaries ; it has occurred in 
London, and is very widely distributed, being found in the South of 
* Dr. Seidlitz in his -work on the Tenebrionidas of Germany gives the prothorax 
"as long as broad," as Mr. Champion {I.e.) points out, and it can hardlj' be de- 
scribed as more than slightly broader than long. 



MELANDRYID^. 175 

Europe, Tangier, Syria, Cape Verd Islands, Mexico — from which it has 
been described as P. melinus, Herbst,, by Mr. Champion, who makes 
the correction {I.e. 25) — Texas, Gilbert Islands, ikc. 

HYPOPHLCEUS, Fabricius. 

H. linearis, Fab. (Syst. El. ii. 559, 4 ; Gyll. Ins. Suec. ii. 582, 6). 
Elongate, linear, subcylindrical, parallel-sided, strongly convex, shining : 
head and thorax pitchy-black, the latter half as long again as broad,, 
closely and very finely punctured : elytra and legs testaceous. 

Easily distinguished from our other species by its very small size 
and its colour and sculpture. L. rix 2 mm. 

Oxshott, Surrey : taken by Mr. H. Heasler in the burrows of 
Tomicus bklens in felled pines, and recorded by him as British (Ent. 
Record, x. 1898, 176); Woking (Champion); Esher (Dollman). 

CISTELID^ (ALLECULID^). 
CTENIOPUS, Solier. 
C. sulphureus, L., var. bicolor, F. (Ent. Syst. iv. App. 447). 
This insect differs from the type in having the head, thorax, antennae 
and abdomen black ; it appears to be very rare ; Mr. Donisthorpe 
records (Ent. Rec. 1907, 293) the capture of a single S specimen at Deal 
by himself in the early autumn of 1907. I have two or three specimens 
with the head blackish, and the antennae and tarsi are variable in 
colour, but the thorax very seldom varies from the yellow colour, and 
I have never seen or heard of a specimen with dark elytra. 

MELANDRYID^. 
MELANDRYA, Fabricius. 
M. barbata, Sturm. (Faun. ii. 1807, p. 275, t. 52, f. A, a) ; 
M. flavicornis, Dufts. (Faun. Austr. ii. 1812, p. 262); M. rufipes,^ 

Chevr. (Guer. Ic. p. 126, t. 33, f. 2). This is the very scarce species which 
stands in the older Biitish list as M. canaliculata, Fabr. (J/, duhiciy 
Schall.) : the differences between the two species (as stated by Mr. 
Champion, Ent. Mo. Mag. xxxvii. (2 Ser. xii.) 1901, 255) are clearly 
and conciselv given by Dr. Seidlitz (Naturg. des. Ins. Deutsch. Col. v. 2, 
pp. 628, 630) as follows: 

J/, harhata. Black, antennae and legs for the most part yellow, 
thorax rounded and narrowed in front, with a slight central channel,, 
impressed on each side at base : elytra not dilated behind, not depressed 
in front, with strongly channelled striae, and five broad convex even 
interstices. L, 9-10 mm. 

M. canaliculata {dubia). Black, thorax with the sides almost 
straight, channelled, rather strongly impressed on each side at base ; 
elytra dilated behind, depressed in front, with channelled striae behind, 
interstices even, the alternate ones elevated. L. 10-15 mm. 

M. harhata, it will be seen, is a much smaller insect than M. 



176 MELANDRYID.E. 

canaliculata tind differs h-oia it in many respects: both species are widely 
distributed on the Continent, but the latter extends much further north 
than the former. M. harhata above must stand in our lists ; it is 
extremely I'are and has only occurred in the New Forest at wide 
intervals of time : the last specimen was taken, as far as I know, at 
Brockenhurst, on an oak trunk, in the evening, in June 1901 by 
Mr. Bed well ; Mr. lieasler took several specimens the same year. 
C Guliver has taken four or five specimens, now in the collections of 
Mr. Gorham, the late Mr. F. Bates, and the late Dr. P. Mason ; the 
first, well figured by Curtis, was captured on the wing by Mr. Bentley 
in the same locality in June 1823. 

CARIDA, Mulsant. 

C. (Hallomenus) affinis, Payk. (Faun. v. ii. 181, 3 ; Gyll. 
Ins. Suec. ii. 529, 3). A small pitchy-brown species, with the head and 
thorax sometimes darker ; much resembling at first sight a small species 
of Anaspis : elongate, subconvex, extremely finely and obsoletely 
punctured, and clothed with exceedingly fine and short testaceous 
pubescence ; antennae subfiliform, entirely yellowish-red ; second joint 
suo-transverse or about as long as broad, third longer than the fourth, 
palpi with the last joint securifoim ; thoi'ax at base about as broad as 
the base of the elytra, feebly margined at the sides, which are narrowly 
and obscurely reddish ; elytra with the shoulders lighter ; legs 
entirely pale red or yellowish-red. L. 2-2|^ mm. 

Found at Strathspey, Scotland, in fungus on trees, by Mr. C. G. 
Lamb in July 1905, and subsequently by Colonel Yerbury, (First re- 
corded as British in the Proc. Lanes, & Ches. Ent. Soc. 1905, 34.) 
Dr. Sharp (Ent. Mo. Mag. xhi. (2 Ser. xvii.), 1906, 220) says that 
there is some doubt as to whether the species has been found in Britain 
before^ as according to Seidlitz (Ifis. Deutsch, v. a. p. 524) Ahdera picea, 
^^''alker, is a synonym of JlaUomemis affinis, Payk. ; he thinks, how- 
ever, that Seidlitz is wrong, as Walker's brief description and locality 
(near London) are neither sviitable to C. affinis. 

The species occurs in Scandinavia, Germany and Finance. It is allied 
to G. Jlexuosa, but is very distinct, being smaller, more convex, Avith 
shorter and much more slender antennje and quite diflerently coloured. 

OSPHYA, Illiger. 

O. bipunctata, F. In the Entomologist's Eecord for 1899 
(xi. p. 267), Mr, F. Bouskell describes three new varieties of this insect 
as follows : 

'•Type-form of male. Elytra greyish-black, sometimes yellowish-red 
at the margins, posterior femora strongly thickened. 

" Vanr. maculata. Elytra grey-black, apical half red-brown, margins 
red-brown. (The general appearance of this insect is exceedingly like 
the brown and black form of Toxotus meridianus.) 

" Type-form of female. Thorax red, with two black spots varying 
in size, elytra brownish-red, apex black, posterior femora simple. 



PYTHTD.^. 177 

" Var. imjnmctata. Thorax without spots, apex of elytra only just 
black (Mr. Donisthorpe has captured specimens intermediate between 
this and the type, the spots being only just visible). 

" Var. i-punctata. Elytra with two small black humeral spots, in 
addition to the tw^o on the thorax, the margins of the anterior angles of 
the elytra black ; apex also black. 

" In addition to these forms the size of the spots and of the apical 
black marking of the elytra vary considerably." 

Mr. Bouskell does not appear to have compared his insects with a 
Continental series, and it is possible that one or two at least should 
be referred to r«r. innotata. Pic. (1898), var. ohscurijiennis, Pic. (1897) 
or var. vittrpennis, Seidl., all of which are mentioned in the last Euro- 
pean catalogue. 

It is worthy of note that Mr. Donisthorpe has taken a form of the 
male in Hujitingdonshire, with the femora quite simple. 

PYTHIDiE. 

RABOCERUS, Sharp nee Mulsant. 

In Ent. Mo. jNIag. xlv. (2 Ser. xx.) 1909, p. 245, Dr. Sharp revives this 
genus of Mulsant, but adds to it the genus Colposis of the same author ; 
both of these are easily distinguished from Salpingus as ordinarily 
constituted by reason of their long and much exserted mandibles ; in 
the last European catalogue the name S'phmriestes, Steph., is substituted 
for Salpingus, Gyll., the latter being considered as a synonym of 
Iih'inosi77ius. 

Rahoceriis then, as now constituted, consists of two forms : 

I. Mandibles very elongate, regularly serrate along 

their inner margin, the teeth being 12-13 in 

number ........ Rabocerus, i. sp. 

II. Mandibles shorter, obscurely denticulate on their 

inner margin Colposis, Mais. 

The species described below belongs to the subgenus Colposis. 

R. bishopi, Sharp (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlv. (2 Ser. xx.) 1909, 245). 
^Eneous black, shining, with the base of the antennje red and the tibise 
and tarsi fuscous, the former yellowish towards base ; thorax with four 
impressions, strongly punctured ; elytra deeply impressed behind the 
scutellum, punctured in rows. The species is closely allied to R. 
niutilatus, Beck., but the colour is difierent, the tarsi are more elongate 
and slender and the antennae somewhat slighter. Head and rostrum 
rather closely punctured, the sculpture on the front of the latter not 
rugose ; antennas with the first four joints red, the rest black, club 
5-jointed, the sixth joint a little broader than the fifth, the penultimate 
joints each about as long as broad, palpi infuscate. Thorax closely and 
rather coarsely punctured, shaped as in R. [Salpingus) mutilatus, with 
the four depressions usually deep. Elytra with the basal depressions 



178 MORDELLID^. 

always deep, comparatively rather shorter and more convex behind 
than in R. mutilaius ; legs darker than in the last-named species, with 
the tarsi longer and more slender. 

Grantowu, Inverness-shire : Dr. Sharp and Mr. Bishop took fifteen 
specimens in the summer of 1909 by shaking twigs and branches of 
dead birch. Dr. Sharp seems a little doubtful as to whether the 
insect is merely a variety of R, mutilatits, but describes it as new, as 
all the specimens agree inter se, and none are intermediate. 

(EDEMERID.^. 

CBDEMERA, Olivier. 

CE. virescens, L. (Syst. Nat. ed. 12, p. 650; Muls. Col. de 
France, Angustipennes, 149). Closely allied to (IJ. htrida,M.a,rsh.,hut dis- 
tinguished by the fact that the hind femora of the male are distinctly 
incrassate (but not sti'ongly so as in CE. nohilis, Scop.) whereas in the 
last-named species they are simple. Mr. James Edwards, who recorded 
the species as British (Ent. Mo. Mag. xxxix. (2 Ser. xiv.) 1903, G-4) says 
that as a rule the female is evidently larger than in (JE. lurida, and has 
the raised line down the middle of the thorax much more distinct, but 
that after a careful study of considerable material he is forced to the 
conclusion that this sex of the two species cannot be separated with 
certainty apart from the ma.les. L. 6-7 mm. 

Central Norfolk, one locality only, but there not uncommon. The 
species is widely distributed on the Continent from Norway and Sweden 
to Italy and from England to Austria. 

MORDELLID^. 

MORDELLISTENA, Costa. 

M. (Mordellochroa) abdominalis, F. Mr. Champion (Ent. 
Mo. Mag. xxvii. (2 Ser. ii.) 1891, 287) describes the peculiar characters 
of the sexes in this species (with figures) : in the male the apical joint of 
the maxillary palpi is about three times as broad as long, deeply excavate 
along the upper side within, with the upper and lower sides subpai-allel, 
the tip rounded and the base subtruncate ; it maybe described as boai- 
shaped (or rather like the somewhat elongate end of a golf " driver") ; 
in the female it is oblong-ovate, rather narrow, with the apex obtuse. 
In vol. xxxiv. (2 Ser. ix.) 1898, 128 et seq., Mr. Champion quotes the 
sexual peculiarities of our British species of Tomoxia, Mordella and 
Mo7-dellistena as described by Shilsky (Die Kiifer Europ. xxxi.). 

M. newaldeggiana, Panz. (Faun. Germ. 36). This name must 
be substituted for M. brunnea, F., as it has five years' priority. 

ANASPIS, Geoffi-oy. 
A. latipalpis, Schilsky (Die Kiifer. Eui-op. xxxi., No. 73, 1895). 
Elongate, sericeous, testaceous, with the eyes and the apex of the 



MORDELLID^. 179 

antennfe black, and the joints of the tarsi darker at apex; thorax very 
finely and the elytra finely strigose transversely, the former with the 
posterior angles acute ; antennas slender with the third and fourth joints 
equal and even and joints 6-10 obconical ; palpi broad and strongly 
securiform, epipleura? of the elytra long. 

Male with the third segment of the abdomen strongly produced in 
the centre and furnished with two subparallel appendages or lacinite 
which are approximate at the base and reach the apex of the abdomen ; 
fourth segment of the abdomen very short, simple, fifth foveolate in 
the middle with the apex slightly emarginate ; tarsi somewhat dilated 
at the apex, with the first joint almost twice as long as the second. 
L. 21-3 mm. 

Mr. Champion (Ent. Mo. Mag. xxxiv. (2 Ser. ix.) 1898, 101) says 
that two well-marked species have hitherto been confused under the 
name Anaspis subfestacea, Steph. : one of these is correctly named, the 
other is the species described above. The two species are apparently 
almost equally common in Britain and are both probably widely dis- 
tributed. The male characters of the two insects are veiy diflerent as 
will be seen from the description of the characters of the abdominal 
segments of A. suhtestacea given under the genus Anaspis (Brit. Col. 
V. 80) ; the tarsi moreover are more strongly dilated and the apical 
joint of the palpi in both sexes is distinctly broader. 

A. costae, Emery (Mon. Mord. supp. p. 33; Schilsky, Die Kafer 
Europ. xxxi. No. 80). Mr. Champion {I.e. p. 102) points out that the 
insect known in British collections under the name of A.Jiava, L., var. 
thoracica, L., is really the A. coske of Emery and Schilsky and must 
bear that name. The following is a translation of Schilsky's description : 

Elongate, fuscous, with fuscous pubescence, with the palpi, head, 
thorax, base of antennae and legs testaceous, and joints 7-10 of the 
antennte moniliform in the male, submoniliform in the female. Male 
narrower, with the third segment of the abdomen slightly produced in 
the middle, with two lacini?e which are approximate at the base, slightly 
curved internally, exceeding the middle of the fifth segment, the fourth 
segment a little shorter, emarginate in the middle with long appendages, 
fifth segment incised at apex, bilobed. L. 2|-3|- mm. 

The species is local but widely distributed ; several varieties are 
enumerated by Schilsky, including one with a reddish humeral spot, 
which is not uncommon in Britain. 

In A.Jlava, L., the abdomen is without lacinise ; the species does 
not apparently occur in Britain, nor the var. thoracica, Winery ; A. 
thoracica, L., is a diflerent insect altogether. 

A dark variety of A. tnaculata, Fourc, occasionally occurs. INIr. 
Champion has taken it at Ashtead and Woking, and Mr. Donisthorpe 
has taken it at Enfield. It may be known by the moniliform outer 
joints of the antennje. 

A. hudsoni, Donisthorpe (Ent. Record, xxi. 1909, 60). Elongate, 
somewhat boat-shaped, broadest in the middle, black, clothed with very 



180 MOKDELLID.^. 

fine, sparse, yellow pubescence ; antennte with the first four joints 
yellow, the rest black, palpi fuscous-yellow ; head large, black, with a 
thin yellow streak at the clypevis, rounded in fronts straight or almost 
straight behind, with acute posterior angles ; thorax narrowed in front, 
a little broader at base than long ; sculpture evenly transversely strigose; 
elytra elongate, broadest about middle, sculptured as thorax; legs slender, 
black, knees at apex of tibipe and spurs fuscous-yellow ; anterior tarsi 
feebly dilated, intermediate tarsi slightly sinuate on their inner side. 

In the male the third ventral segment of the abdomen is longer than 
the others, and is furnished in the middle at the apex with two long 
lacinise or appendages which reach to the middle of the fifth segment, 
approximate at base, separated in middle, and convergent and truncate 
at apex, with a slight depression between them at apex ; fifth segment 
long and pointed, contracted a little beyond middle to apex, giving the 
appearance of a sixth segment, with a small pit or depression which lies 
in the centre of the apical third of the segment, the lips of which appear 
to be slightly raised. L. 3i mm. 

Described from a male specimen taken by Mr. Donisthoipe in the 
centre of a woody fungus on Scotch fir at Nethy Bridge, Inverness- 
shire, and first recorded by him in error as A. sejjtentrionalis, 
Champion. 

Mr. Donisthorpe gave a plate (I.e.) with all the male appendages 
figured of the British species. He has since bred the female (Ent. 
Rec. 1911, 300), which difi'ers from the female of A. rufilabris in the 
shape of the antennte and the strigosity of the thorax and elytra. 

A. geoffroyi, Miill. (Germ. Mag. iv. 21, 214 (y. Champion, Ent. Mo. 
Mag. xxxiv. (2 Ser. ix.) 1898, 103)). We have several forms of this 
insect in Britain, the two most abundant being the type form with a 
large humeral spot on each elytron, and the form with a humeral and 
apical spot on each elytron (var. A-maculata, Costa) ; a rare variety (var. 
'vulcania,iichi\sky = sithfasciata,SteY>h.) has four elytral spots, and the 
basal and apical margins of the thorax fulvous ; it is apparently rare ; it 
has been taken by Mr. Champion at Ashstead, Surrey. Another variety 
has the thorax entirely fulvous {ftdvicoUis, Schilsky). This apparently 
does not occur in Britain. Mr. Harwood has taken a variety near 
Colchester, entirely black, with only the faintest trace of a lighter 
humeral spot, and Mr. Champion has recorded an entirely black variety 
from near Putney. A well-marked male character in this species is the 
strongly sinuous inner edge of the intermediate tibise (I.e. 1895, 207). 

A. ruficoUis, F., var. alpicola, Emery (Essai. Mon. Mord. 1870, 
22 {v. Champion, Ent. Mo. Mag. xxxi. (2 Ser. vi.) 1895, 207) ). Mr. 
Champion {I.e. 207), in discussing a series of A. ri(JicoUis submitted to 
him by Mr. F. and Mr. E. A. Waterhouse, says that " they vary from 
their normal colour to entirely black, legs, antennae, and palpi included. 
8ome of them have the thorax fuscous, with the sides rufescent and the 
legs fuscous, these specimens being clearly referable to the var. 0. oi A. 
a'picola of Emeiy. In this species the elytra usually have a broad 



MELOID^. 181 

sutural stripe of blacker pubescence, this becoming wider towards the 
apex, the rest of the pubescence being greyish." Mr. Donisthorpe has 
taken a form near Dublin with the elytra yellow. 

XYLOPHILID^. 

XYLOPHILUS, Latreille. 

X. brevicornis, Perris (L'Abeille, vii.p. 211, 1869). This species 
must be added to the British list, as the insect recorded from the New 
Forest as A. neglectiis, Duv. {nigripennis, Villa) is not that insect, but 
X. brevicornis. The specimens of X. neglectus referred to by myself 
(Brit. Col. V. 91) as from Wandsworth, must be referred to X. 2}opidneus. 
As my description belongs to the true X. neglectus, which must, of course, 
be now omitted, I append the description of the male of X. brevicornis 
given by Mr. Champion (Ent. Mo. Mag. xxviii. (2 Ser. iii.) 1892, 69). 
Perris does not state the sex of the specimen described by him, but from 
the name he gives to the species it Avas probably a male. The species 
may apparently be easily distinguished from all others belonging to 
the section Olotelus, Muls., by the veiy short antennse in the male. 

" Male: moderately elongate, nari-ow, parallel; pitchy brown, the head 
black, the antennae f usco-testaceous, with the three basal joints and the 
apical one paler, the legs entirely testaceous ; the upper surface clothed 
with fine greyish pubescence, the elytra moderately shining, the head and 
prothorax dull ; head very finely, rather sparsely punctured ; the eyes 
unemarginate, separated by a space about equal to three-fifths of the 
breadth of the head ; antennae thickening outwardly, stout, short, 
extending very little beyond the base of the prothorax, joint 1 incras- 
sate, conical, 2 rather narrower, submoniliform, 3 slightly longer than 
2, 4-10 strongly transverse, 7-10 wider than 6, 11 nearly twice as long 
as 10, ovate ; prothorax moderately convex, about as long as broad, 
parallel at the sides behind, densely and rugulosely punctured, and with 
a deep transverse basal groove, which is interrupted in the middle by a 
distinct dorsal carina ; elytra elongate, parallel, each Avith a deep oblique 
depression below the base, densely and rather coarsely punctured, the 
punctuation becoming still coarser towards the base and finer towards 
the apex ; the posterior femora angularly dilated on the lower side beyond 
the middle." L. lJ-2 mm. 

MELOID^. 

SITARIS, Latreille. 

S. muralis, Forst, var. flava, Hamm (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlv. (2 Ser. 
XX.) 1909, 277). In this variety the whole of the elytra, wing membi-ane, 
and abdomen are clear yellow instead of black. 

Oxford : several specimens taken by Mr. A. H. Hamm in the neigh- 
bourhood of one village near Oxford, and, with a single exception, on one 
and the same wall. 



182 CURCULIONID^. 

Arceocernsfasciculatus, DeGeer^ Phlceohms griseus, Steph. (111. Mand. 
iv. 211). Mr. F. H. Day (Ent. Mo. Mag. xliv. (2 Ser. xix.) 1908, 2G5) 
reintroduces this exotic insect, which appears to have become cosmopolitan, 
and mentions it as occurring in numbers in a biscuit factory in Carlisle. 
It has, perhaps, as good a right to a place in our lists as sevei-al other 
importations which appear not to be accepted as indigenous, but, as a 
matter of fact, it does not deserve a place even in the European Cata- 
logue. It is an interesting species as having the power of leaping like 
Choragus sTiejypardl. For this reason, apparently j^on account ot a slight 
superticial resemblance, it has been placed next that insect, but it is 
doubtful whether this is its proper position; in some ways it seems to 
be more closely allied to the Bruchidse, and may, perhaps, be regarded 
as intermediate between the Anthi-ibidje and Bruchidfe. The general 
shape of the body is much like Brachytarsus, but the long and slender 
legs and antennse, and the elongate tarsi, quite separate it from that 
genus. The following is a description of the species : 

Rather broad, oblong, narrowed in front ; fuscous with greyish 
pubescence ; head considerably produced into a short and broad rostrum 
before the eyes, which are prominent and deeply emarginate ; antennaj 
long and slender ; thorax about as long as broad, rounded and narrowed 
in front, almost semicircular, with the base and the sides behind more 
or less elevated ; elytra convex and sub-cylindrical, with minutely 
punctured strife, and with the interstices set with pale spots of grey 
pubescence ; shoulders rather broadly pubescent ; legs long and slender, 
mostly ferruginous, tarsi slender. L. 4-G mm. 

It was recorded from a London warehouse by Mr. Newbery (in error 
under the name of Tropideres hilaris, Fahr.), Ent. Rec. 1902, p. 338 ; and 
by Mr. Evans as taken in the Herbarium of the Botanic Garden, Edin- 
burgh (J. F. Jefirey), Ann. Scot. Nat. Hist. 1900, p. 93. It has also 
occurred in Kew Gardens. 

The original habitat is unknown, but it has been ascribed to Australia 
and to various Eastern localities. It has occurred, however, in so many 
countries that it may well be called cosmopolitan. Wollaston met with 
it as an importation in St. Helena ; Stephens i-ecords it from London, 
Suflblk, and Devon, and, as said above, it occurs plentifully at Carlisle. 
It appears to be attached to berries of various sorts — coffee, cocoa, 
almonds, &c. 



CURCULIONIDiE. 

RHYNCHITES, Schneider. 

R. opthalmicus, Steph. (111. Brit. iv. 1831, p. 200); B. olivacetis, 

Gyll. (Schonh. Gen. Cure. i. p. 228). In the European catalogue of 1891, 

and also in the catalogue of Gemminger and Harold, B. ophthalmitis, 

Steph., is placed as a synonym of K. sericeus, Herbst. Mr, Champion 



CURCULIONID^. 183 

{Ent. Mo. Mag. xl. (2 Ser. xv.) 1904, 79), however, says that Jl sericeus, 
Herbst., is not a British insect at all, and that it is easily distinguished 
from B. ophthalmictts, Steph.,byits larger size, brighter metallic colour, 
and the fact that the elytral interstices are multipunctate. Numerous 
specimens were captured by him in Northern Spain in 1903. 

The above synonymy must stand, as Stephens' name appeared two 
years before Gyllenhal's. 

APION, Herbst. 
A. (Exapion) Kiesenwetteri, Desbr. (]Mittheil. Schweiz. Ent. 
Ges. iii. p. 204 (1870)). Black, dull, with the upper side clothed with 
whitish pubescence, with the bi-east at the sides more thickly clothed 
with white pubescence, base of antennae and legs rufescent, the knees, 
apex of tibial and the tarsi being blaclv ; head strongly transverse, 
closely punctured ; eyes large, moderately prominent ; rostrum almost 
straight, not veiy long, strongly dilated and toothed at the base, and 
from thence cylindrical ; the antenna3 are inserted at its base ; thorax 
slightly transverse, rounded and somewhat dilated at the sides, closely 
and deeply punctured ; elytra elliptical, with regular rows of punctures, 
interstices flat, finely punctured. 

Male with the eyes large, the elytra subparallel, and the first joint 
of the posterior tarsi produced into a tooth on the inner side ; joints 
3-7 of the funiculus transverse. 

Female with the forehead broader, the elytra ovate, and joints 2-5 
of the funiculus not transverse and more slender. L. 2-2|^ mm. 

Chattenden, Kent, not uncommon on Genista tinctoria (J. J. Walker 
and G. C. Champion) ; Sandown, Isle of Wight, one specimen (W. 
Holland) ; Ditchling, Sussex (Donisthorpe and Dollman). Mr. Holland 
first brought this insect before Mr. Champion's notice as a new British 
species, and the latter introduced it as such in the Ent. INIo. Mag. for 
March 1907, p. 52. Two males had been standing in his collection as 
.1. fuscirost7-e, to which insect it is very closely allied ; it is, however, 
smaller and less elongate, with the rostrum shorter and more strongly 
dentate at the base ; the thorax is more rounded at the sides and more 
transverse ; the elytra are not compressed at the sides ; the fine 
clothing of the upper surface is closer and more uniform ; and, 
according to Mr. Champion, the oblique streak at the shoulder is quite 
absent (this, however, does not seem to be always the case, although 
it is not marked) ; from A. genista the species may be known by the 
more dilated thorax and the stronger tooth at the base of the rostrum ; 
it is almost the same size and shape as A. semivittatum, from which it 
may be distinguished by the more rounded thorax and the basal 
dentation of the more slender rostrum. 

A. cantianum, Wagn. (Miinch. k. Z. iii. 33). A. hrevicorne, 
Schilsky (KUst. Die Kiifer. Eur. xxxix. 31). Similar to A. Jilirostre 
in shape and colour, and very like that species, but with the antennae 
shorter and stouter, the thorax much more finely punctured, the 



184 eURCULIONID^. 

anterior tibife straight, the middle tibipe slender, and the posterior tibiae 
curved at the base (straight in A. Jilirostre); body black, shining, 
apparently glabrous ; antennae black, stout, glabrous, inserted almost 
at the middle of the rostrum ; thorax with the disc moderately thickly 
and strongly punctured ; elytra long-oval, rounded at the sides, strongly 
arched, very sloping behind, striate-punctate, interstices almost level, 
twice as broad as the strise, the suture itself raised (in A. Jilirostre it is 
level). L. 2 mm. 

One specimen only is known, found by Commander Walker in the 
Chatham district, Kent (in 1872 or 1874, probably at Chattenden). 

Mr. G. C. Champion gives the whole particulars with a much more 
detailed description in the Ent. Mo. Mag. for August, 1910, p. 188-9. 

This species requires confirmation by additional examples ; it seems 
distinct, but single abnormal specimens occur in several genera of 
Curculionidse. 

A. gyilenhali, Kirby { = A. unicolor, Kirby). As pointed out by 
Mr. Hei-eward DoUman (Ent. Rec. 1910, p. 96), who has carefully 
studied the subject and the types in the Kirby collection, unicolor 
must be sunk as a synonym of gyllenhali, these being sexes of the same 
species. The species standing in our collections under the name of 
unicolor, Kirby, must therefore be referred to the j^latalea of Germar. 

OTIORRHYNCHUS, Germar. 

O. auropunctatus, Gyll. (Gyll. Schon. Gen. Cure. ii. p. 564; 
Dej. Cat. 3 ed. p. 291). Black, rather shiny; head finely punctured, 
rostrum with a not strongly marked raised line behind ; antennte long 
and slender, pitchy; pronotum about as long as broad, with the sides 
evenly rounded, variably and not strongly granulate ; elytra com- 
paratively long, bluntly acuminate at apex, coarsely punctate-striate, and 
with the interstices rugose; in fresh specimens there are minute 
patches of whitish pubescence ; legs long, ferruginous, with the femora 
darker. L. 7-8 mm. 

Ireland : locally common on hedges from March to October. 
Derry, Louth, Carlingford, Newtown, Meath, Dublin, Wicklow, &c. 
Messrs. Johnson and Halbert (List of Beetles of Ireland, 791) say that 
the headquarters of this insect would seem to be in the counties of 
Dublin, Meath, and Louth, where it is locally abundant on mixed hedges 
of hawthorn, ash, and privet, as a rule not far from the coast. It has 
also occurred on beech and alder. It has occurred abroad in France 
(Auvergne) and the Pyrenees {v. Ent. Mo. Mag. xxxi. (2 Ser. vi.) 1895, 
]33). 

The species is very distinct ; it comes nearest to 0. maurus, Gyll.» 
from which it may be easily known by the longer legs and antennae, the 
less distinct raised line on rostrum, the narrower and more evenly 
rounded thorax which is less strongly granulose, and the more elongate 
and less ovate elytra ; from 0. atroajiterus, De G., it may be separated at 
once (apart from many other characters) by its much coarser sculpture. 



CURCULIONID^. 185 

This same character will also distinguish it from 0. tenehricosus, Herbst., 
and it is, moreover, a very much smaller insect. As Mr. Champion 
remarks in his note on the insect, it seems an extraordinary thing that 
so conspicuous an insect has not before been noticed, especially as it 
seems to be far from uncommon. Mr. W. E. Sharp has discovered 
that the food plant of this species is Cai'dutos arvensis (Ent. Mo. Mag. 
1910, p. 33). 

TRACHYPHLCEUS, Germar. 
In the Ent. Mo. Mag. for February 1909, p. 33 (Vol. xlv., 2 Ser. 
XX.), Mr. Newbery points out further characters for separating 
T. aristatus, Gyll., and T. olivieri, Bedel (= squamulatus, 01.). 

I. Scape of antennae nearly straight, 

gradually dilated to apex ; eyes 

larger and less prominent . T. aristatus, Gi/ll. 

II. Scape of antennfe angled out- 

wards about the middle, and 
rather strongly dilated from 
the angle to apex ; eyes smaller 

and more prominent . . T, olivieri , Bedel ( = squamulatnSy 

01.) nee Herbst. 

Bedel (Faun. Col. Bass. Seine, vi. 41) says that he substitutes the 
name of olivieriiov sqitamidatus, heca,use Olivier refers to Cure, squamu- 
latus, Herbst., which is plainly a difl'erent species and is probably 
synonymous with T. scahricidu,s, L. 

BARYPEITHES, Duval.* 
B, pyrenseus, Seidlitz (Die Otiorhynchiden, p, 73 (1868)) 
The a:uthor of this species considered it to be only a variety of B. aranei 
formis, Schrank. == 6rzmw (joes, 01., but it is a good species, and may easily 
be separated by its more elongate shape, and different punctuation and 
pubescence. Mr. Champion (Ent. Mo. Mag. xxxiii. (2 Ser. viii.) 1897, 
134) points out the differences of the two species as follows : 

Rostrum in the male strongly, in the 
female feebly, sinuated at the apex ; 
thorax with very coarse, deep, 
scattered punctures ; elytra convex 
in the male, a little flattened on 
the disc in the female, coarsely 
seriate-punctate, the punctures 
not very closely placed, becoming 
much finer and shallower towards 
the apex, and placed in shallow 

* For Barijpelthes dujMcatus^ sp. n. Keys, and further note on the genus see 
Addenda at the end of this volume and Ent. Mo. Mag. xlvii. (2 Ser. xxii.) 1911, 
128, published after this Supplement was in the press. 



186 CURCULIONID^. 

strife, which are sometimes obsolete, 
the interstices flat or feebly convex; 
body glabi-ous or very finely and 

sparsely pubescent. L. 3-3J mm. B. araneiformis, Schranh 

{brunni2)es, 01.) 
Rostrum feebly dilated at the apex in 
both sexes, and also more parallel ; 
thorax somewhat closely and 
coarsely punctured, a narrow 
smooth space down the middle ex- 
cepted ; elytra convex in both sexes, 
very coarsely and deeply punctate- 
striate, the punctures closely 
placed and the strise deep to the 
apex, the interstices more or less 
convex ; body distinctly pubescent, 
the elytral interstices each with a 
regular series of decumbent hairs. 
L. 3-3| mm. . . . . B. pyren.eus, S'eidl. 

E. pellucidus, Boh., may be distinguished from both these species 
by its thicker and longer pubescence, and, as a rule, by its colour, apart 
from other diflferences. E. j^yrenceus has been taken by Mr. J. H. Keys 
in the Plymouth district (Radford, Lipstone Park, Bovisand, and 
Whitsand Bay) at roots of grass, in faggots, under bark, and by 
beating hawthorn. It originally occurred in the Pyi^enees, and has 
also been taken in the woods of Calvados, France; it is probably 
overlooked owing to its superficial likeness to E. araneiformis. 

Mr. Halbert records the capture of a specimen by Mr. R. Gordon, 
taken amongst grass on the banks of the River Tolka, near Finglas, 
Ireland, in September 1908 (Irish Nat. 1910, p. 32). 

LIOSOMA, Stephens. 

L. troglodytes, Rye, is only a variety of L.pyrenaium, Bris., diflfer- 
ing in having the thorax more regularly punctured, the upper [surface 
less shining (the thorax appearing duller) and the general shape a little 
less oblong. The small size is of no importance, as Z. j^yrenceum varies 
greatly in this respect. There is no doubt in the matter as M. Bedel 
at the request of Mr. Champion compared a specimen of L, troglodytes 
with the type of L. pyrenoium. 

BAGOUS, Schonherr. 
In the Entomologist's Record for 1902, vol. xiv. p. 149, Mr. ISTewbery 
publishes a valuable revision of the British species of this difficult genus, 
with notes on localities, &c. ; he certainly has succeeded in clearing up 
several obscure points, and some of these require notice. He has 
wrongly left out B. lutosus, Gyll. 



CURCULIONID^. 137 

B. petro, Herbst. (Kiif. vi. 366). This is certainly a separate genus ; 
the formation of the club of the antennas puts this beyond question, and 
the name Helmidomorjihtis (Elmidomorphus) of Cussac (Ann. See. Ent. 
Fr. 1851, 366) must be adopted for it; Mr. Newbery speaks of the first 
British specimen as having been taken by myself some twenty years 
ago ; the name, however, has been in our lists for a much longer time, 
but it stood for another insect. In the catalogue ^of Gemminger and 
Harold it is regarded as synonymous with limosus, Gyll., and it is to the 
latter insect that all the localities mentioned in vol. v. p. 288 of this 
work must be referred, with the exception of Askham Bog ; four speci- 
mens only have been taken since I captured mine, in company with 
Archdeacon Hey, on August 6, 1880. 

B. binodulus, Herbst. This is an extremely rare species and has 
been confused with B. nodulosus ; I am inclined to agree with Mr. 
Newbery that the Sandwich and Arundel localities given by me (Brit. 
Col. v. 288) must be referred to the latter insect. I expressed the 
opinion myself that there was probably a mistake with regard to the 
Arundel specimens. B. nodulosus has since been taken at Pevensey Bay 
(Bennett) and Beccles, Sufiblk (Janson and PiflTard). 

B. limosus, Gy\\.—pet7'osics, W.C. This insect has caused the 
greatest confusion in our collections, partly through one of its names 
being confounded with ^jfe^ro, Herbst, It is allied to B. frit, but may 
be distinguished by the characters of the thorax and the short tibial 
spur. 

B. brevis, Gyll., has affinities with 7?. limosus, B.frit, and B. clau- 
dicans ; from the former it may be known by the almost impunctate 
striie, and from the two latter by the broad, shallow central furrow of 
the thorax, and by its sides being strongly rounded at apex. 

B. tempestivus, Herbst, is the most elongate of our species 
except B. cylindrvs. 

B. frit, Herbst, and B. claudicans, Boh., are very closely allied 
and by some authors have apparently been considered identical ; the 
latter is omitted in the preceding volume of this work (Brit. Col. v. 
291), and must be inserted between B.frit and B diglyjytus, as it must 
be regarded as a separate species ; it is the B. frit of Brisout, but not of 
Herbst. Mr. Newbery distinguishes the two as follows : 

I. Three first joints of the posterior tarsi elon- 
gate and sub-equal; elytra with finely 
punctured strife,* and (in a fresh state) a 
whitish punctiform spot in the third 
interstice behind middle ; hind tibiae long, 
strongly and regularly curved at apex, 
with very long apical spur . . . B. frit, Herbst. 

* Mr. Newbery, however (I.e. p. 152), separates B. limosvs from its near allies 
on the ground that the elytra! stria? are strongly punctured, whereas in the others 
the strias are "feebly or not at all punctured except in rare forms oifrit.'' 



188 CURCULIONIDA\ 

II. Second joint of posterior tarsi distinctly 
shorter than first ; elytra with simple striaj 
and variable markings, which usually take 
the form of transverse spots, but are 
sometimes altogether wanting ; hind tibiae 
shorter and thicker, less regularly curved, 
with only a moderate apical spur . . B. claudicans, Boh. 

B. lutulosus, Gyll., and B. diglyptus, Boh., form a small group 
by themselves, distinguished by the short tarsi. They are both rare, the 
latter extremely so, having only occurred at Burton-on-Trent (Harris), 
Gipping near Ipswich (Morley), and Sutton Broad (Donisthorpe). 

B. lutosus, Gyll. This species is omitted by Mr. Newbery, who 
says that the large form of B. glabrirostris has been doing duty for it 
in our collections. Mr. Edwards, however (Ent. IVto. Mag. xxxviii. 
(2 Ser. xiii.) 1902, 240), reinstates the species, and says that his single 
specimen (taken on Wretham Heath, Norfolk) agi^ees not only with 
the descriptions, but with authentic specimens examined by him, except 
that the sutural stria is not so conspicuously deeper than the 
remainder. He has since taken further specimens. 

The characters given by Bedel (Faune Col. Bassin de la Seine, vi. 
p. lOG) for lutosus, Gyll., and glabrirostris, Herbst, are as follows : 

Hind body attenuated in a rather long beak. 

Sculpture finer ; granules of the elytra 

more numerous, visualy 4x4 upon the 

base of the first interstice ; 8rd in- 
terstice not raised, with a yellowish, 

hardly defined spot . . . . B. lutosus, Gyll. 

Hind body somewhat abruptly declivous 

behind. Sculpture coarser ; granules of 

the elytra less numerous, usually 3x3 

upon the base of the first interstice ; 

3rd interstice with a whitish well-defined 

spot. Tarsi sometimes black (var. ^ 

nigritarsis, Thoms.), sometimes red . B. glabrirostris, //erJsf. 

(Ittiidentus, Gyll.). 

B. glabrirostris, Herbst. This is a very variable species, both 
as regards size, markings, and colour of legs ; it is easily separated from 
all our indigenous species (except B. alismates) by its broad bilobed 
third tarsal joint, and from the last-named it may be known by the 
characters of the prosternum and funiculus, and by the absence of 
distinct pubescence on the upper surface of the tarsi. The var. 
nigrirostris, Thoms., may possibly be a distinct species ; it has the tarsi 
and antennse piceous or black and the sculpture coarser ; there is also 
a larger form which Mr. Newbery considers to be the B. lutosus of our 
collections, and which may be called var. major {v. Champion, Ent. 



CURCULIONID^. 



189 



(2 Ser. ix.) 1898, 52-54) ; the forms may be thus 



Mo. Mag. xxxiv. 
separated : 

I. Taryi red. 

i. Size smaller ; 3rd joint of posterior tarsi 

as broad as long ; interstices of elytra 

narrower and alternate ones more raised ; 

tarsi shorter ...... 

ii. Size larger ; 3rd joint of posterior tarsi 
elongate ; interstices of elytra broader ; 
alternate ones scarcely raised ; tarsi 
longer ....... 



B. GLABRIROSTRIS, Hevhst. 

(type form). 



II. Tarsi piceous or black ; sculpture coarser 



B. GLABRIROSTRIS, 

{var. major, n. var.). 

B. GLABRIROSTRIS, 

{var. nigritarsis, Thorns.) 

The var. major is rare : Merton (one specimen). Power ; Sandown 
(one specimen), Champion ; Pevensey and Rye (Bennett) ; the ordinary 
form and the var. nigritarsis are widely distributed, and the former is 
sometimes abundant. 

Mr. Heasler has taken three specimens of a new variety named 
var. heasleri by Mr. Newbery, which evidently belong to B. tempesfisus, 
by reason of its form, &g., but which he places in the same section as 
B. glahrirostris in his table, because it has the third joint of the tarsi 
distinctly broader than the second, although scarcely bilobed, whereas 
in the type form the tarsi have the third joint not or very little broader 
than the second ; in the type form, moreover, the scape is inserted 
nearer to the apex of the rostrum, whereas in the variety it is inserted 
near the middle. 

SMICRONYX, Schonherr. 

In the Ent. Mo. Mag. for June 1910, 132-135, Mr. James Edwards 
discusses the genus Smicronyx ; he says we have three species which 
may be distinguished as follows : 

I. Claws unequal ; the inner one on the 
front tarsi, and the outer one on the 
middle and hind tarsi the smaller 

II. Claws equal, 
i. Length of the elyti^a visually twice as 

great as their width at the base ; thorax 
without any appearance of tuberculation 
ii. Length of the elytra visually one and 
a half times as great as their width at 
the base ; thorax apparently tuberculate S. reichi, Gyll. 

The S. 2)ygmceus {Pissodes ?) of Curtis appears originally to hav^ 
been a synonym of >S. ccecics and not of >S'. reichi, Gj'll., as given 
ia the last European Catalogue. *S'. cicur, Gyll., is synonymous with 



S. ccECUS, Reich,' 



S. JUNGERMANNIiE, Reich, 




190 CUECULIONID^. 

»S'. jungermannia^, Reich. The S. 2)ygmcei(,s of British collections must 
be referred to the latter insects. 

There has been and still is considerable confusion in collections as 
regards this genus, but Mr. Edwards has certainly unravelled several 
of the difficulties regarding our species ; we therefore give some of his 
remarks on them : 

S. coecus, Reich. " This species may be recognised in any condition 
by its unequal claws. I have seen no specimen in which the scaling 
of the elytra was complete, but several had more or less extensive 
patches of undisturbed scales, from which it is evident that the 
normal condition is for each interstice to have a row of distant fine 
hair-scales down the middle, and an irregular double series of elongate- 
oval white scales ; the latter are twice as long as wide, truncate at the 
apex, and separated from each other in a lateral direction by a space 
equal to the width of one scale." 

Specimens of this insect have been described from Kent and Folke- 
stone. 

S. jungermannise, Reich. " In form this species i^esembles the 
foregoing so closely that denuded examples are only to be separated 
by their equal claws. In fresh specimens the elytra are densely 
covered with broad, subcontiguous, pale brown scales, with a sprinkling 
of iri'egular patches of white ones, and each interstice has a row of 
distant decumbent hair-scales down the middle. The appressed scales 
are not more than one and a half times as long as wide." 

S. reichij'Gyll. " This is easily distinguished from our other two 
species by its larger size, and the greater bulk and width of the body 
behind the thorax, as well as by the peculiar sculpture of the latter. 
The character of the scaling of the elytra does not differ appreciably 
from that of S. jungermannke." 

This latter species Mr. Edwards identifies with my var. chamjnonis, 
and records specimens from Caterham and Folkestone. I agree with 
most of what he says on our British species, but S. jungermannke 
appears to me to be smaller and narrower than «S'. ccecics, and I think 
that more specimens of S'. rekhi must be examined before the var. cham- 
jnonis is discarded. *- 

TYCHIUS, Germar. 
Mr. James Edwards has worked out the British species of the genus 
Ti/chms, concerning which there has been considerable confusion, and 
has published a valviable paper in the Ent. Mo, Mag. xlvi. (2 Ser. xxi. 
1910, 8O-80), in which he adds to the British list a species not 
included in the latest British catalogues or in this work (v. 296-297), 
viz., T. hcumatopus, Gyll. { = jtmceus, Boh., nee Brit. Cat.). 

Mr. Edwards distinguishes the species as follows : 

I. Elytra with the suture and two large 
spots on each, one at the shoulder and 



CUROULIONID.E. 



191 



one behind the middle, covered with 
white scales ...... 

II. Elytra without a white humeral spot. 
i. Elytra with some of the interstices, 
other than the first, paler than the rest. 

1. Sides of thorax with a pale stripe. 

A. Greatest width of the thorax 
rather more than half that of the 
elytra ..... 

B. Greatest width of the thorax sub- 
equal to that of the elytra . 

2. Sides of thorax without a pale 
stripe. 

A. Upper side brownish-grey, the 
paler colour of the alternate in- 
terstices, especially the 5th and 7th, 
very conspicuous; sutural stripe 
yellowish-white by reason that the 
oblong pure white scales are con- 
fined to the inner half of the first 
interstice, the outer half being 
covered Avith yellowish linear ones 
similar to those on the other in- 
terstices ; base of elytra distinctly 
wider than base of thorax, 
shoulders somewhat irregular 

B. Upper side blue-grey (plumbeous), 
the paler colour of the alternate 
interstices inconspicuous ; sutural 
stripe very white by reason that 
the oblong pux^e white scales 
occupy the whole width of the first 
interstice; base of elytra but little 
wider than base of thorax, 
shoulders rounded off . 

ii. Elytra with the suture sometimes 
whitish, but without any other pale 
stripe. 

1. Elytra with a crust of broad scales 
which pi-actically, if not absolutely, 
obscure the course of the strise ; hind 
femora with a distinct sharp tooth 

2. Elytra clothed with elongate scales ; 
hind femora simple. 

A. AntennfB entirely pale. 
a. Punctures of the elytral strife 



T. QUINQUEPUKCTATUS, L. 



T. YEXUSTUS, F. 

T. scHXEiDERi, Ilerhst. 



T. POLYLIXEATUS, Germ. 



T. LixEATULUs, Steph. 



T. SQUAMULATUS, Gl/U. 

{^flavicollis, Steph.) 



192 



CURCULIONID^. 



with extremely fine hair - like 
scales about half as wide as those 
on the interstices, the course of 
the stripe, therefore, more evident. 
Elytra apparently twice as long 
as wide, parallel - sided in the 
basal half. Femora usually dark, 
a*. Rostrum strongly subulate, 
especially in the lateral aspect. 
Male with a distinct sharp 
tooth near the basal third of 
the inner edge of the front 
tibise ..... 
b*. Rostrum not evidently subu- 
late. Male with the anterior 
tibise bisinuate on the inner 
edge, but without a tooth 
b. The scales arising from the punc- 
tures in the elytral strise not 
evidently different from the re- 
mainder, the course of the 
strife, therefore, barely indicated. 
Elytra appearing less than twice 
as long as Avide. 
a*. Scales of the elytral in- 
terstices elongate, but nearly 
twice as wide as in T.junceus, 
Reiche, the surface, therefore, 
more closely covered. Male 
with the anterior femora simple, 
the anterior tibiae curved, and 
their inner edge bisinuate. 
Female with the greatest width 
of the thorax distinctly less than 
that of the elytra. L. 2-21 ram. 
b*. Scales of the elytral interstices 
finer and more hair-like than 
in T. hcematojnis, the surface, 
therefore, less closely covered. 
Male with the anterior femora 
furnished with a fringe of hair- 
like scales on the underside from 
the base nearly to the apex, 
anterior tibiae strongly curved, 
the inner edge excavate in the 
apical two-thirds. Female with 
the greatest width of the trans- 



T. MELiLOTi, Stej->h. 



T. TOMENTOSUS, Herhst. 



T. H.EMATOPUS, Gyll. 



CURCULIONID^. • 193 

versely sub-orbicular thorax very 

nearly equal to that of the 

elytra . . . . . T. junceus, Reiche. 

B, Antennse blackish, with the scape 
and one or two joints of the 
funiculus pale. Femora black. 
Anterior tibife in the male with a 
distinct tooth near the middle of 
the inner edge. 

a. Tibife rust- red, black at the base. 
Rostrum entirely black. In size, 
form, and general appearance ex- 

trexnely like Miccot7-ogus picij'ostris T. tibialis, Boh. 

b. Tibiae entirely rust-red. About 
half the bulk of medium-sized 

specimens of 3f. picirostris . . T. pusillus. Germ. 

(/j^/grmcctis, Bris.) 

T. haematopus, Gyll. (Ins. Suec. 3, 409). Closely allied to 
T. junceus, Reich, {nee Boh,), but a little larger, narrower in proportion 
to its length and more sharply pointed at either end : it may be known 
by having the scales of the elytral interstices elongate, but much wider 
than in T. jrinceus, so that the surface appears more closely covered; 
it can also be distinguished by the male and female characters, as given 
in the above table. L. 2-2^ mm. 

Hastings (Bennett) ; Tilgafce Forest, Shepherd's Well, Sandown and 
Luccombe, Isle of Wight (Donisthorpe). Mr. Edwards believes that it 
will prove to be common in South-Eastern England. 

T. polylineatus, Germ. This species, which I only included as 
doubtful in brackets (Vol. v. p, 299), must be fully admitted to our lists, 
six or seven specimens having recently been taken by Mr. Hereward 
Dolman at Ditchling, Sussex ; it is very distinct from T. lineatulus both 
in shape and colour. I have felt some doubt as to whether it is really 
Germar's insect or a new species, but the determination is probably 
correct. 

There has been great confusion with regard to the synonymy of 
the species of this genus, and the question cannot yet be said to be 
settled; several of the species are very much alike, but this may be 
easily determined by the use of a compound microscope, the shape 
of the scales being one of the best characteristics in the species that 
most closely resemble one another. 

MIARUS, Stephens. 
M, micros, Germ. (Mag. iv. 309). In Brit. Col. v. 306, I have 
expressed a doubt as to M. micros being indigenous : it appears, how- 
ever, to be quite evident that we do possess the insect known on the 
Continent as that species. It has been taken at Caterham and 

N 



194 CUKCULIONID^. 

Mickleham (Champion) ; Shiere (most probably this was the locaUty) 
(Capron); Box Hill (W. West) on EcJiium vulgare : and Mickleham 
(Billings). It appears, however, to be doubtful whether we have not 
two or more species under the name micros. Mr. E. A. Butler, who 
captured two of the uncertain examples at Tintagel, Cornwall, goes 
fully into the question (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlv. (2 Ser. xx.) VM)\), 99), but 
the matter is by no means settled ; the Tintagel specimens have the 
pubescence raised, whereas in the true M. micros it is depressed ; the 
specimens refei^ed to (Brit. Col. v. 307) as taken by Wollaston at 
Whitsand Bay, one of which is in the Cambridge Museum, appear to 
be different from either Champion's or Butler's. 

Mr. Butler gives the following table for separating the species : it 
differs from mine {I.e. p. 30G) in that no account is taken of the 
cliaracter of the single or double rows of pubescence between the strife, 
which appears not to be always a constant character. 

A. Posterior femora toothed. 

i. Form short and broad ; pubescence 

coarse and raised . . . M. graminis, GyU. 

ii. Form narrower and more elongate ; 

pubescence less coarse . . . M. plantarum, Germ. 

B, Posterior femora not toothed. 

i. Size larger ; pubescence very short ; 
last segment of male deeply ex- 
cavate, and with a strong tooth 

on each side . . . . M. campanul.e, L. 

ii. Size smaller ; pubescence longer ; 

lastventralsegmentof malesimple M. micros, (^erm. 

ANTHONOMUS, Germar. 

A. rufus, Schon. (Gen. Cure. iii. p. 347). Des Logos (Ann. Soc. 
Ent, Fr. viii. 1894, p, 43(;). This species belongs to the ulmi-pedicularius 
group, which has caused mvich trouble both to authors and collectors, 
and which can hardly yet be regarded as finally settled. From A. tdmi, 
De G., and A. chevrolati, Desb., it may be known by its comparatively 
simple anterior tibije ; in the last-named species these are very deeply 
sinuate on their interior margin towards the base : from A. 2)edicularius, 
L., it is easily separated by the fact that the posterior tibias are without 
teeth. The variety A. rosince, Des Gozis, apart from other diflerences, 
is a much smaller insect. L. 3-3| mm. 

Introduced as British by Mr. Donisthorpe (Ent. Record, lOOO, 
p. 159). Fairlight, near Hastings, on blackthorn (Bennett) ; also 
taken in the same locality some years afterwards, hibernating under 
the bark of old ivy, by Mr. Bennett, and Professor Beare {v. Ent. 
Record, xii. 159). 

There has been considerable confusion with regard to this genus, 
and one or two points still want further working out. 



CURCULIONID^. lt)5 

A. rosinse, Des Gozis, is only a small variety of A. ulmi, Desbr.j for 
which the name of A. inversus, Bedel, has now been substituted. 

A. comari, Crotch, which is the same as A. hrunnerpennis, Curt., 
is a small variety of A. ritbi, Herbst. 

A. conspersus, Desbr., is regarded in the Catalogue of Heyden, 
Reitter, and Weise (190G) as a variety of A. 'pedicular ms, L. I have 
before (Brit. Col. v. 31<^) said that it might prove to be a variety of one 
of the allied species, and this turns out to be correct ; it is a dark form. 

Mr. E. A. Nev/bery is of opinion that A. hritannus, Desbr., which 
is apparently synonymous with A. pubesce7is, Payk., must be regarded 
as a good species. He writes to me that he has seen two out of the 
three specimens taken (vide Brit. Col. v. 320) and it is impossible to take 
them for any species but A. j^^dicidarius ; the extremely small tooth on 
the front femora, the short red rostrum, and other characters seem, 
however, sufficient to give specific value to the insect. 

CIONUS, Clairville. 

C. longicoUis, Ch. Brisout (Grenier. Cat. Col. de France, p. 114, 
1863). Closely allied to C. thapsus, Fabr., but more elongate, with 
the I'ostrum thicker, and the thorax longer, with the sides less oblique: 
the sutural spots on the elytra are also larger. The general form, 
moreover, is larger and more robust, with stouter legs and rostrum, 
the latter as in C- thapsi being roughened and pubescent nearly to 
the apex in both sexes ; the latter character separates both species 
from C. hortulanus, which has the apical portion of the rostrum smooth 
and shining in the female [v. G. C. Champion, Ent. Mo. Mag. xxx. 
(2 Ser. V.) 1894, 100). L. 4-5 mm. 

Portsdown Hill, Portsea (Moncreafl), on Yerhascum thapsiis : Hare- 
wood Forest (Tomlin). 

CEUTHORRHYNCHUS, Duval. 

C. timidus, Weise (Deutsch. Ent. Zeit. 1883, p. 325). Mr. 
€hampion (Ent. Mo. Mag. xliv. (2 Ser. xix.) 1908, 2) says that 
Continental authorities are unable to recognise C. chalyhcms with any 
certainty, but as Germar expressly states that the femora are " un- 
armed " it is evident that the species known under this name in British 
collections has been incorrectly identified. Our insect is, in fact, the 
('. tiniidus of Weise, originally described from Eastern Europe, but not 
known to be much more widely distributed. Mr. Champion has taken 
it in abundance on tSisijmhriuvi officinale at Plumstead, Dartford, and 
elsewhere, and it has a wide range in Britain, reaching as far as the 
Moray district of Scotland. 

The description of C. chalyhceus in a former volume (Brit. Col. v. 
348) must now be applied to ('. timidus. 

C. moguntiacus, Schultze (Deutsch. Ent. Zeit. 1895, p. 420). 
This is the insect alluded to by me (Brit. Col. v. 349) as C. viridipennis, 
Bris., and as recorded by Mr. Champion from Whitstable and from 



196 CURCULIONID^. 

Caterham (on Mercurialis perennis) : it has also been recorded from 
Hammersmith and Llangollen ; Wytham Park (Walker). Mr. 
Champion has recently (Ent. Mo. Mag. xliv. (2 Ser. xix.) 1908, 2) 
identified it with G. moguntiacus, Schultze. It appears to be closely 
allied to C. timichbs, Weise, but it is smaller, narrower, and less shining 
than that species, and has the head and thorax a little less coarsely and 
more densely punctured, and (when the insect is in fresh condition) 
more pubescent. The two insects, however, may eventually prove to 
be only forms of one species. C. moguntiacus is common on Cruciferse 
in various parts of Germany, especially on Diplotaxis tenuifolia. Mr. 
Champion has specimens from Mickleham and Guildford, as well as 
from the localities above mentioned. 

C. parvulus, Bris. (L'Abeille, v. p. 441). A small species 
which superficially bears a very strong resemblance to small C. floralis, 
Payk., from which it may be known by its average smaller size, somewhat 
narrower form, longer antennas, 7-jointed funiculus, and the broader, 
whiter, and more conspicuous scales of the interstices of the elytra ; the 
thorax, also, is longer proportionately ; colour black ; form somewhat 
elongate-oval ; head rugose, eyes not prominent, rostrum i-ather long, 
antennje long inserted in front of middle ; thorax about as long as broad, 
constricted before apex, very coarsely sculptured, together with the 
head furnished with scattered coarse hau-s ; elytra with the shoulders 
scarcely marked, about as broad at base as thorax, with a conspicuous 
band of white scales at the suture, and coarse scales on the interstices ; 
antennae and legs dark. L. li mm. 

Taken in numbers by Mi*. Philip de la Garde, in June 1908, on 
Lejndium heterophyllum, Benth. ( = L. smithii, Hooker), near Braunton, 
Devon, and introduced as British by Mr. Newbery (Ent. Mo. Mag. 
xliv. (2 Ser. xix.) 1908, 10.5). I am much indebted to Mr. de la Garde 
for a small series of this interesting addition to our lists ; it is probably 
common in many localities in the south, but has most likely been passed 
over as C. floralis. From C sicturalis (which may, with reason, how- 
ever, be erased from our catalogues), it is easily known by the fact that 
the light sutural band of scales is not continued on the thorax as it is in 
the last-named species. 

C. querceti, Gyll. (Ins. Suec. iii. p. 149 ; Thoms. Skand. Col. 
vii. p. 170). Short ovate, slightly convex, with greyish pubescence, 
upper side somewhat dull, with the base of the suture and the underside 
covered with thick white scales ; antennas, anterior margin of thorax, 
legs, and apex of elytra clear red ; thorax strongly and rather closely 
punctured, with the apical margin broadly emarginate ; elytra slightly 
truncate at apex. Male with the posterior tibipe armed with a hooked 
tooth ; last ventral segment with an impressed fovea in the centre. 
Length about 2 mm. 

Horning Fen, "NTorfolk : two specimens in Mr. E. Saunders' collec- 
tion taken about thirty years ago by the late Mr. J. A, Brewer, and 
others taken more recently in the same locality by Mr. Edwards and 



CURCULIONID^. 197 

Mr. Elliman. Mr. Elliman's examples (four in number) were taken 
upon a solitary cruciferous plant, probably Raphamis raphanisirum. 
It has recently been found in large numbers at Horning Feriy. 

C. querceti is closely allied to Ceuthorrhynchus {Ceiithorrhynchidius) 
terminatus, Herbst., Avhich occurs in many dry localities under Daucus, 
but it may easily be distinguished by its smaller size, the 7-jointed 
funiculus, the unarmed femora, and the fact that the patch of white 
scales on the elytra is narrower. In fresh individuals the elytra have 
narrow patches of white scales on the surface, and the thorax has the 
sides and a narrow space along the middle also clothed with white scales. 
The rufous patch at apex is variable, and sometimes extends over a 
great part of the elytra (v. G. C. Champion, Ent. Mo. Mag. xxxv. 
{2 Ser. X.) 1899, 142). The species has been recorded on the Continent 
from Sweden, Russia, Germany, and Switzerland, but has not yet been 
found in France. 

CEUTHORRHYNCHIDIUS, Duval. 

C. nigroterminatus, Woll., is not a synonym of C. mixtus ; 
it is distinct and not even a European, but a Madeiran insect. C. crotchi 
is synonymous with C nigroterminatus, and is not a variety of C 
quercicolor, Payk., as has been considered to be the case. 

C. barnevillei, Gren. (Bull. Soc. Ent. Franc. 1866, 65). This 
name must be substituted for C. chevrolati, Bris.. the latter being, as 
Mr. Champion points out, a " nonien nudum." 

It is worthy of note that in the European Catalogue of Heyden, 
Reitter, and Weise (1906) only five British species are placed under 
Ceuthorrhynchidiiis, viz., horridios, Panz., troglodytes, F., barnevillei, 
Gren., ritfidus,T)v\it {= frontalis, Bris.), and daicsoui, Bris.: all the 
rest appear under Ceuthorrhynchus except C. ericce, Gyll., which is 
placed with the single other European species, C. ferrugatns, GylL, 
under the genus Micrelus, Thomson. 

The number of joints in the funiculus is not now considered as a 
geneiic character, and rightly so, for it has given rise to several 
anomalies {e.g. the separation of Ceuthorrhynchus marginatus, Payk. 
and Geu,thorrhynchidius distinctus, Bris. which are apparently one speciea 
(v. Brit. Col. V. p. 364) ), and has caused much confusion. The species 
of Ceiithorrhynchidius proper have, indeed, the funiculus 6-jointed, but 
their tarsal claws are dentate on the inner side of the base, and the 
interstices of the elytra are furnished with a more or less distinct 
row of upright bristles, which gives them a facies quite distinct from 
the other species which are now included under the genus Ceuthor- 
rhynchus. 

I'oojjhagus nasturtii, Germ., is now referred by all recent Continental 
authorities to the genus Ceuthorrhynchus. P. sisymbrii, F., is retained 
with three other European species under Poopfiagtis, Schbnheir, in the 
last European Catalogue (1906). 



198 CURCULIONID^. 

PHYTOBIUS, Schmidt. 

P. muricatus, Ch. Bris. (Gren. Cat. Col. de France, p. 1S7). 
Mr. Champion (Ent. Mo. Mag. xxxv. (2 Ser. x.) l«9i), 143) says that 
this is probably the insect doing duty in our British collections for 
P. quadrinodosus, (!yll., whereas the name quadrinodosus should be 
applied to the species known to us as P. denticollis, Gyll. The latter 
has been included under PJdnoncns by Bedel, myself, and others, but 
wrongly, as it has the funiculus of the antennse (5- (not 7-) jointed. 
P. muricatus has the elytra much broader than in P. quadrinodosus, 
the thorax with the sides more oblique, the elytra much broader in 
proportion to the thorax, with the shoulders much more prominent 
and the third to the ninth interstices muricate ; in ]\ quadrinodosus 
the shoulders are rounded oft', and the base of the elytra is almost as 
broad as the base of the thorax, and the fifth to the seventh interstices 
only are muricate. 

The synonymy of the two species will therefore stand as follows, 
both being included under the genus Phytohius : 

P. virtricatus, Ch. Bris. (IST)?). 

granatus, Thorns. (LSdo) {nee Gyll. 1836). 

quadrinodosus, Shai-p and Fowler. 
P. quadrinodosus, Gyll. (1813). 

denticollis, Gyll. (1837). 

LIMNOBARIS, Bedel. 

Ij. pilistriata, Steph. (111. Brit. iv. p. 10). Mr. Champion 
points out (Ent. Mo. Mag. xH. (2 Ser. xvi.) 1905, 224) that J. Sahlberg 
(Acta. Soc. pro Fauna et Flora Fennica xix. 3, pp. 22, 23 (1 900)) separates 
Paris T.-alhum into two species, B. T.-album, L., and i>. martidus, 
Sahib. The P. T.-alhitm of Sahlberg appears to be the B. pili- 
striata of Stephens, and, as the Linn;ean description applies better 
to B. T.-album than to B. jnlistriafa, Stephens's name must stand, 
if the two forms are to be regarded as separate. I feel coMsider- 
able doubt as to their distinctness, as Stephens himself (Manual, 
p. 21(')) subsequently treated his insect as a "fine form" of 
B. T.-albitm. 

The following synonymy and distinctive characters are given by 
Champion [l.c) : 

I. Larger and more elongate, the elytral 
interstices irregularly uniseriate- 
punctate, especially towards the 
suture, the punctures each bearing 
a rather long, coarse, decumbent, 
whitish hair . . . . B. pilistriata, StejjJi. 

( = T.-ALBUM, Sahib, nee Linn.) 



SCOLYTID^. 199 

II. Smaller and more glabrous above, 
the prothorax a little more trans- 
verse, the elytral interstices regu- 
larly uniseriate-punctate, the punc- 
tures each bearing a short, fine, 
decumbent, whitish hair . . B. T.-album, L. 

( = ATRiPLicis^ Steph., 

martulus, Sahib.) 

B. pilistriata has been taken in various southern localities, Sheppey, 
Faversham, Arundel, Woking, Wicken, &c. According to Bedel, 
both forms are sometimes found together in France, but in Algeria 
only B. pilistriata occurs. All the Irish records for B. T.-album 
appear to refer to B. pilistriata (Halbert), Irish Nat. 1910, p. 33. 



SCOLYTID^. 

HYPOTHENEMUS, Westwood. 

This genus, formed by Westwood to include the very small Scolytid 
beetle, Hyjyothenemus eruditus, was described and figured by him as 
having a three-jointed funiculus to the antennse. Mr. W. J. H. Bland- 
ford, who has recorded the beetle from Central America, published in 
li)04 that there are four joints in the funiculus. Mr. E. A. Newbery 
thus describes the antennse as viewed from the vipper side (Enb. Mo. Mag. 
xlvi. {2 Ser. xxi.), 1910, 83) : " First joint (scape) elongate. Funiculus 
with four joints, of which the first is cup-shaped, broadest at the apex 
and rather broader than the scape, very little longer than broad : the 
three following joints very minute, two rather transverse, three and 
four increasing in width and decreasing in length, the fourth being a 
flat plate adpressed to the club. The club is large, flattened, and 
4-jointed, with the sutures curved on the upper side, but nearly 
straight beneath. 

Mr. 0. E. Janson has found the insect in the " Brazil nut " of 
commerce, and in the cover of a book from Java. Dr. Sharp has bred 
it from the cover of a book from Singapore. The insect is exotic, and 
ought not to be included in our lists. 

PITYOGENES, Bedel. 
P. trepanatus, Noerdl. (Stett. Ent. Zeit., 184<S, 239) ; elongatus, 

Lowendal (Tom. Danm. 1881), Gl). Closely allied to P. chalcograp/ms, 
L., and resembling that species in having three teeth of about the same 
size on each side of the apical impression of the elytra, placed at an 
equal distance apart. It is, however, a larger insect, and the elytra are 
longer in proportion to the thorax, and are much moi-e distinctly 
punctured, the punctures being arranged in well-marked regular rows 



200 SCOLYTID^. 

to the apex. From P. bidentatus, which it equals in size, it may be 
distinguished by the characters of the apex of the elytra, and by having 
the thorax much more diflfusely and less strongly punctured behind. 
L. 2-2^ mm. 

Blair Athol, Perthshire. One specimen swept from beneath fir 
trees, Septembers, 1909, by Dr. Joy (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlv. (2 Ser. xx.), 
1909, 269). 



SUPT. PLATE A 



Fig. 1. Male appendages of Anaspis hudsoni, Donisthorpe. 

„ 2. ,, ,, „ Anaspis frontalis f L. 

„ 3. ,, ,, „ Anaspis septentrionalis, Champion. 

„ 4. ,, „ ,, Anaspis garneysi, Fowler. 

,, 5. „ ,, ,, Anaspis rufilabris, Gyll. 

,, 6. ,, ,, ,, Anaspis pulicaria, Costa. 

„ 7. ,, ,, „ Anaspis melanostomu, Costa. 

,, 8. ,, „ ,, Anaspis geoffroyi, Miill. 

,, 9. ,, ,, „ Anaspis ruJicoUis, F. 

„ 10. „ ,, ,, Anaspis costce, Emery. 

,, 11. ,, „ ,, Afiaspis subtestacea, Steph. 

„ 12. ,, „ „ Anaspis masculata, Fourc. 

„ 13. ,, ,, ,, Anaspis latipalpis, Schil, 



SUPT. PLATE A. 

















13 



H. C. Dollman 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

CICINDELIDiE. 

Cicindelidoe. Herr Bouwman and Herr Adlerz have shown that Methoca 
ichneumonoides, Latr., is parasitic on the larva of Cicindela campestris, and 
sylvatica (Tijd. vor. Entom., 1909, p. 284). It is most probably also para- 
sitic on C. germanica, as I have taken it at Blackgang Chine, on the ground 
where the beetle is abundant. 

(In the Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond., 1907, pp. 7-75, and First Supplement 
I.e. 1911, pp. 452-496, will be found two very useful papers, by Mr. Claude 
Morley, on the Hymenopterous Parasites of Coleoptera.) 

The var. funebris of C. campestris was taktn by Dr. Chapman at Glen 
Finnart {see Ent. Mo. Mag., 1867, p. 251). 

Cicindela sylvatica, L, Oxshott (Donisthorpe) ; Manton Common, Lincoln- 
shire (Dawson). 

Cicindela maritima, Dej. Carnarvon Bay and Harlech (W. E. Sharp). 

Cicindela germanica, L. Swanage (E. A. Waterhouse) ; Eyde, I. of W. 
(Rudd, 1837) ; Lyme Regis (Walker, 1834, and still found there) ; Seaton 
(de la Garde). 

CARABIDiE. 
Cychrus rostratus, L. Scotland, not uncommon in the Highlands (Beare) ; 
Isle of Eigg (Donisthorpe). I have found both the larva and the perfect 
insect feeding on snails. 

According to Mr. Bagnall it seems as if it is only the female sex of this 
beetle that stridulates (see Ent. Rec, 1906, p. 73). (Mr. C. J. Gahan has 
written a very interesting paper on the Stridulating Organs in Coleoptera, 
in the Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. for 1900, pp. 433-452.) 

Carabus intricatus, Li. Recaptured by Mr. Keys near Plymouth, May 28, 1898. 

Dr. Leach discovered the first specimen that was taken in Britain in a 

little wood on the banks of the Tavey, opposite the Virtuous Lady Copper 

Mine. 
Carabus nemoralis, Miill. A black specimen taken by ]VIr. Keys, Dartmoor, 

1903. 

201 



202 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Carahus glahratns, Pk. Harter Fell and Scafell, Cumberland ; Stornoway 
(McArthur) ; Ireland, local, Donegal, Antrim, Down, Sligo, Dublin, Wick- 
low, Waterford, Cork, and Kerry. 

Carabus violaceus, L. Ireland, very rare, Donegal, Antrim, and Cork, Cairan- 
tuohill, Kerry (Bouskell). 

Carabus violaceus, v. exasperatus, Duft. Barmouth district (P. H. Jackson). 

Carabus dathratus, L. One close to Bungay, Mr. Garneys, Senr. (Garneys), 
Belton Bog and Burgh Marshes (Paget) ; Scotland, I. of Tiree, not un- 
common (Donisthorpe) ; Ireland, widely distributed. 

Carabus auratus, L. Recorded by Rev. T. Wood from the Haldon Hills, 
Exmouth. 

Carabus nite.ns, L. Southport district (Chaster and Sopp). 

Carabus granulatus, L. Totally black specimens without any tinge of metallic 
colouring, Rossbeigh, co. Kerry (Bouskell and Donisthorpe) ; a black var. 
was taken by L. R. Crawshay on Dartmoor. 

Carabus monilis, F. Ireland, rare, Fernianagh, Dublin, and Wicklow. 

Carabus monilis, v. consitus, Pz. Xew Brompton (Walker) ; Huntingfield 
(Chitty) ; Wicken Fen (Jaifery). 

Carabus arrensis, F. Bury district, Suffolk (Tuck) ; Ireland, local, and not 
common, Derry, Down, Armagh, Galway, Dublin, Wicklow, and Clare. 

Calosoma inquisitor, L. High Beech, Epping (Dollman) ; Burton-on-Trent 
(Harris, 1865) ; Burnt Wood, Staffordshire (Chappell, 186.5) ; Barmouth 
district (P. H. Jackson). Mr. Jennings recorded two blue aberrations 
from the Xew Forest (Ent. Rec. 1902, p. 99). 

Calosoma sijcophanta, L. Epping (Smith) ; Battle (Bennett) ; New Forest 
(Miss Chawner and J. J. Walker) ; Weymouth (Forsyth) ; Suffolk, Norfolk, 
and Penzance (Rudd) ; Ely Cathedral (Crabbe) ; CarHsle (Heysham). 

Notiophilus quadripundatus, Dej. Shirley (Donisthorpe) ; Godalming 
(Pollack) ; Yarmouth (Thouless) ; Cromer (Edwards) ; Cumberland 
(Britten). 

Notiophilus rufipes. Curt. Epping Forest (Nicholson) ; Enfield (Pool) ; 
Cobham Park (Walker) ; New Forest (Gorham, &c.) ; Bagley Wood 
(Holland) ; Devonshire (de la Garde) ; Herefordshire (Tomlin) ; Leighton 
Buzzard (Crawshay) ; Bracknell, Berks (Chitty). 

Leistus spinibarbis, F. Scotland, Paisley (Dunsmore and Eden) ; Ireland, 

rare ; Antrim, Rossbeigh, co. Kerry (Bouskell). 
Leistus montanus, Steph. Fairly abundant under stones on Skiddaw summit 

in August 1909 (Walsh) ; summit of Cader Idris (Fowler) ; Ireland, rare 

Mayo, Galway, and Kerry. 

Nebria complanafa, L. Ireland, locally abundant on the south-east coast 

between the counties of Wicklow and Waterford. 
Nebria livida, F. Suffolk, Dunwich (Garneys) ; Lowestoft (Brewer). 

Pelopliila borealis, Payk. A paper on the larva and life history of this beetle 
will be foimd in the Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond., 1898, pp. 133-140, by the 
Rev. W. F. Johnson and Prof. G. H. Carpenter. 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 203 

Bletliisa muliipunctata, L. Hendon (Bennett) ; Cropstone and Thornton 
Reservoirs, Leicestershire (Bouskell) ; Suflfolk ; Norfolk; Scotland, I. of 
Tiree (Donisthorpe) ; Ireland, rare, Donegal, Derry, Antrim, Armagh, 
Fermanagh, Monaghan, Sligo, Roscommon, Clare, Waterford, and Kerry. 

Elaphrus uliginosus, Fabr. River Yar, near Freshwater, I. of W. (Joy) ; 
Lymington Salterns (Beare, Bouskell, and Donisthorpe) ; Holme Fen 
(O. E. Janson) ; Belton, tSuffolk (Paget) ; Bog of Arthog (Donisthorpe) ; 
Bovey, Devon (de la Garde) ; Ireland, Glengariff (Yerbm-y), Cloghane (Joy). 

Clivina collaris, Herbst. Ireland, very rare, Donegal and Antrim. 

Dyschirius obscurus, GyU. Ireland, common on the sandy shores of Lough 
Neagh. Rediscovered by the Rev. W. F. Johnson in 1894. There are 
specimens in the Bates collection, taken by Syme in Scotland. 

Dyschirius itn piiticfipennis. Daws. Devonshire ; Theddlethorpe, Lines 
(Thornley) ; Ireland, Donegal, Antrim, and Sligo ; Rossbeigh, co. Kerry 
(Donisthorpe). 

Dyschirius politus, Dej. Oxshott and Tubney (Donisthorpe) ; Shotover 
(Hamm) ; Wokingham (Joy) ; Ditchling (Dollman) ; Baron Wood, Cumber- 
land (Britten) ; Market Bosworth (WoUaston) ; Ireland, Donegal, Derry, 
Antrim, Sligo, Louth, and Dublin. 

Dyschirius nitidus, Dej. Burgh Marshes, Cumberland (Day) ; near Harlech 
(P. H. Jackson). 

Dyschirius augnsiatus, Ahr. Littlestone, Kent, 1906 (G. Nicholson); Nethy 
Bridge (Bishop and Sharp). 

Dyschirius ceneus, Dej. Chiddingfold, Surrey (Donisthorpe) ; Burgh Marshes, 
Cumberland (Day) ; Scotland, common at Kincardine-on-Forth (Evans) ; 
Ireland, local, Derry, Down, Galway, Dublin, and Kerry. 

Miscodera arctica, Payk. Wan Fell and Lazonby Fell (Britten). 

Panageus crux-major, L. Isle of Wight, Totland (Butler), Newport (Morey) ; 
Rye (Bennett) ; Holme Fen (Donisthorpe and Janson) ; Horning Fen 
(Wigham) ; Bungay (Carness) ; Eastoft, Yorks (Crawshay) ; Ashton, near 
Oundle (Palin) ; Ireland, Finlough, Clare (Neale). 

Panageus quadripiistulatus, Stm. Charing (Chitty) ; Chipstead (Bedwell) ; 
Rotherfield Peppard (Fowler) ; Oxford (Holland) ; Tattingstone, Suffolk 
(Harwood) ; Theddlethorpe, Lines (Thornley) ; Plymouth (Keys) ; Dart- 
mouth (Donisthorpe). 

Badister unipustulatus, Bon. Sandown, I. of W. (Beare) ; Cowley, Oxford 
(Shipp) ; Lincolnshire ; Rye (Bennett) ; Cambridge (Dollman) ; Eastoft 
(CraAvshay) ; Ireland, Waterford (Neale). 

Badister sodalis, Duft. Barr, S. Ayrshire (Dalglish). 

Badister pelfatus, Panz. Cornwall and Scilly (Joy) ; Rye (Bennett) ; Pul- 
borough (Nicholson) ; Brandon (Thouless). 

Licinus silphoides, F. Enfield (Pool) ; Blackgang, I. of W. (Donisthorpe). 

Licirius depressus, Payk. Charing (Chitty) ; Brighton (Nicholson) ; East- 
bourne (Donisthorpe) ; Chipping Camj^den, Glos (G. A. Crawshay) ; Nor- 
folk ; Suffolk ; Dovedale, Stafford (Bailey) ; Wychwood Forest (Holland). 



204 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, KOTES, ETC. 

Callistus lunatus, F. Walderslade Bottom, Kent (Walker) ; Chipstead, 
Surrey (Bedwell) ; Streatley, Berks. (Tomlin). 

Chlcenius holosericeus, F. Ireland, near Athj% Kildare (Haliday) ; Sheen 
River, near Kenmare, Kerry (Halbert, 1898). 

Oodes helopioides, F. Sandown, I. of W. (Champion) ; Rye (Bennett) ; Suffolk ; 
Norfolk. 

Sienolophus skrimshiranus. Staph. Rye (Bennett) ; Fakenham (Skrimshire) ; 

Cambridge (DoUman). 
Sienolophus vespertinus, Panz. Sandown, I. of W. (Donisthorpe and Taylor) ; 

Scilly (Joy) ; Cropstone Reservoir, Leicestershire (Bouskell) ; Southport 

district (Chaster and Sopp) ; Ince, Cheshire (W. E. Sharp) ; Ireland, Clare, 

Limerick, Waterford, and Kerry. 

Acupalpus brunnipes, Sturm. Hartley Wintney Heath, Hants (G. Nicholson). 
Acnpalpus dorsalis, F. Ireland, Aimagh, Waterford, and Cork ; Caragh 

Lake, Kerry (Donisthorpe). 
Acupalpus jlavicollis, Sturm. Common at Barton-on-Sea (Selous). 
Acupalpus exiguus, v. luridus, Dej. Ireland, Louth, Carlow, Waterford, 

Cork, and Kerry. The type does not appear to occur in Ireland. Note. — 

The tj^e occurs commonly in company \fith. the variety, Wimbledon 

Common (Beare and Donisthorpe). 
Bradycellus placidus, Gyll. Oxford district, not rare ; Horning (Thouless); 

Ireland, Antrim and Armagh. 
Bradycellus cognatus, Gyll. Norwich (Edwards) ; Scunthorpe, Lines. (W. E. 

Sharp) ; Ireland, Antrim, Armagh, Mayo, Wicklow, and Kerrj-. 
Bradycellus distinctus, Dej. Abundant near Scarborough (Hey) ; Ireland, 

not common, but widely distributed. 
Bradycellus harpalinus, Dej. Ireland, widely distributed. 
Bradycellus collaris, Payk. Mousehold Heath, Norfolk (Edwards) ; Ireland, 

Antrim and Donegal, Carrantuohill, Kerry (Donisthorpe). 
Bradycellus similis, Dej. Ireland, widely distributed. 

Harpalus sabulicola, Panz. Ferndale, Dorset (Sopp) ; Wicken Fen (Donis- 
thorpe) ; Bungay and Halesworth, Suffolk. 

Harpalus ohscurus, F. Abbotsbury, Dorset (Donisthorpe) ; Colchester 
(Harwood) ; Oxford (Walker) ; Cambridge (Dollman). 

Harpalus rotundicollis, Fairm. Humber Bank, east of Hull (Stainforth). 

Harpalus punctatulus, Duft. Suffolk ; Saltwood, Kent, and Wicken Fen 
(Donisthorpe) ; Cothill, Oxford (H. Champion). 

Harpalus cordatus, Duft. Camber Sand Hills (Bennett). 

Harpalus rufiharhis, F. Ireland, common. 

Harpalus parallelus, Dej. Oxford district (Walker) ; Gravesend (Nicholson) ; 
Lakenham, Norfolk (Thouless). 

Harpalus ruficornis, F. Recorded as destructive to strawberries, by McLach- 
lan (Ent. Mo. Mag., 1897, pp. 171 and 212), and also by J. Porter at 
Holderness, Yorks. 

Harpalus puncticollis, Payk. Frequently occurs on flowers of wild carrot, 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 205 

taken under these circumstances at Shaftesbury, Dorset (G. R. Crawshay), 
Sandown, I. of W. (J. Taylor), Purley Downs (Donisthorpe), &c. 

Harpalus consentaneus, Dej. Taken inland, at Tubney, near Oxford (Donis- 
thorpe), Suffolk, Oulton Broad (Bedwell), Foxhall (Morley). 

Harpalus tenebrosus, Dej. Farnham (Lewcock) ; Broadstairs (Donisthorpe) ; 
Wrentham, Suffolk (Curtis). 

Harpalus discoideus, F. A black c? was taken by Jennings at Brandon in 
April 1903. Woking ; Sandown, I. of W. (J. Taylor) ; Leighton Buzzard, 
(Crawshay) ; Oxford (Holland) ; Foxhall, Suffolk (Morley). 

Harpalus cupreus, Dej. Bembridge, I. of W. (Ellis) ; Alverstone, I. of W., 
a specimen with red legs and antennae (J. Taylor) ; in October 1908, it was 
found in numbers at Sandown, by Pool, Taylor, Beare, Mitford, and Donis- 
thorpe. 

Harpalus latus, v. metallescens, Rye. Box Hill (W. E. Sharp). 

Harpalus melanclioUcus, Dej. St. Helens, I. of W. (Holland) ; Chesil Beach 
(Donisthorpe) ; Yarmouth (Edwards) ; Ireland, Cork (Dawson). 

Harpalus servus, Duft. Camber Sand Hills (Bennett) ; Felixstowe (Walker) ; 
Kessingland (Bedwell). 

Harpalus anxious, Duft. Liverpool Bay, common (Chaster and Sopp) ; Ire- 
land, Meath and Dublin. Inland records : Weybridge (Donisthorpe) ; 
Tubney, near Oxford (Holland) ; Lakenheath, Suffolk (Morley). 

Harpalus serripes, Schon. Rye (Bennett) ; Harleston (Fox) ; Cromer (EUi- 
man). Inland record : Dartford Heath (Harwood). 

Harpalus ignavus, Duft. Lundy Island ; Suffolk ; Norfolk. 

Harpalus honestus, Duft. Box Hill (West) ; Streatley (Holland) ; Foxhall 
(Morley). 

Harpalus neglecfus, Dej. Studland (Donisthorpe) ; Birkdale and Hightown 
(Chaster and Sopp) ; The Morva, Conway (W. E. Sharp) ; Ireland, Rathlin 
Island (Hardy). 

Harpalus picipennis, Duft. Inland records : Hendon (Newbury) ; Brandon, 
and Lakenheath Warren, Suffolk (Morley). 

DicJiirotrichus obsoletus, Dej. Ireland, Queenstown, Cork. 

Scyhalicus oblongiusculus, Dej. A couple of specimens at Lulworth (Dale) ; 
west coast of the Isle of Purbeck, under stones on beach at foot of cliff 
(Banks and Cambridge) ; Ringstead (Cambridge). 

Anisodactylus hinotatus, F. Ireland, Galway, Louth, Cork, and Kerry. 

Anisodactylus hinotatus, v. spurcaticornis, Dej. Ireland, Armagh and Ros- 
common, Glencar, Kerry (Donisthorpe). 

Anisodactylus nemorivagus, v. atricornis, Steph. King's Mere, Wellington 
College (Fowler) ; Cromer (Nicholson). 

Anisodactylus poeciloides, Steph. Epping (Doubleday, 1836) ; Browndown, 
near Portsmouth (Donisthorpe) ; Queenborough (Walker). 

Zabrus gibbus, F. Millbrook (Donisthorpe) ; Norwich (Wigham). 

Pterostichus dimidiatus, 01. Chobham (Chitty) ; Oxford (Hope, 1819) ; 



206 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES,' NOTES, ETC. 

Fritton Heath (Paget) ; Mousehold Heath (Edwards). Quite black speci- 
men, Xew Forest (Donisthorije) ; Sandovvii, Isle of Wight (Taylor). 

Pterostichus versicolor, Sturm. Infested by intestinal worms of the genus 
Gordius (Donisthorpe) ; Irish Nat., 1903, p. 60. 

Pterostichus lepidus, F. Tubney, near Oxford (Holland) ; Eden Valley. 
Cumberland (Britten) ; Scotland, Highlands, very large specimens, Nethy 
Bridge, &c. (Col. Yerbury and others) ; Ireland, Donegal. 

Pterostichus madidus, F. Recorded by Hardy as at times a vegetable feeder 
(Ent. Mo. Mag., 1869, p. 162). 

Pterostichus cethiops, Panz. Devonshire, Dartmoor (Keys) ; Dulverton (de 
la Garde). 

Pterostichus ohlongo-punctatus, F. New Forest, and Porlock (Donisthorpe) ; 
Great Doward, Herefordshire (Tomlin) ; Market Bosworth, Leicestershire 
(Bouskell) ; Cader Idris, N. Wales (W. E. Sharp). 

Pterostichus vitreus, Dej. Snaefell, Isle of Man (Tomlin). 

Pterostichus gracilis, Dej. Gravesend (G. Nicholson) ; Iwade. near Queen- 
borough, and Islip, near Oxford (Walker) ; Cambridge (Dollman) ; Herring- 
stone, near Dorchester, in plenty (Beare and Donisthorpe, where the latter 
took a specimen with three tarsi to the right anterior leg) ; Ireland, Cavan 
and Waterford, not Armagh. 

Pterostichus picimanus, Duft. Ireland, Dublin. 

Pterostichus striola, F. Scotland, Isle of Rum (Grieve). 

Amara consularis, Duft. Shaldon, Devonshire (Champion) ; Sandown, I. of 

W. (Ellis) ; Moortown, Lincolnshire (Wallace). 
Amara convexiuscula. Marsh. Inland records : Edmonton (Pool) ; Ipswich 

(Elliman) ; Ealing (Dollman). 
Amara patricia, Duft. North Devon; Tubney, Oxford (Holland); Wan 

Fell, Cumberland (Britten). 
Amara infima, Duft. Woking and Frensham Common (Champion) ; Leighton 

Buzzard (Crawshay). 
Amara rufocinta, Dej. Huntingfield (Chitty) ; Camber Sand Hills (Bennett) ; 

Yarmouth (Thouless) ; Crosby (Chaster and Sopp) ; Preston (Wilding) ; 

Inverness-shire (Black) ; Ireland, Dublin and Kerry. 
Am,ara fusca, Dej. Preston (Wilding). 
Amara ovata, F. Ireland, " frequent." 
Amara similata, Gyll. Scotland, Orchardton (Douglas). 
Amara nitida, Sturm. Knowle, Warwickshire (Blatch). 
Amara lunicollis, Schiodte. Sandown, I. of W. (Champion) ; Lundy Island 

(Joy and Tomlin). 
Amara curta, Dej. Eston, Cleveland, Yorks (M. L. Thompson). 
Amara spreta, Dej. Sandown, I. of W. (Donisthorpe). 
Amara lucida, Duft. Cumberland ; Ipswich and Bramford (Morley) ; Ireland, 

rare, Donegal, Down, Armagh, and Dublin. 
Amara strenua, Zimm. Isle of Sheppey and Iwade (Walker). 

Anchomenus augusticollis, F. Ireland, locally common. Mr. Piffard records 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 207 

that a specimen he took in the New Forest discharged a dense white vajjour 
(Ent. Rec, 1902, p. 340). 
Anchomenus livens, Gyll. Blean Woods (Chitty) ; Battle and Guestling 

(Bennett) ; Ditchling, and Ruislip Reservoir (Dolhnan) ; Oxford (Shipp) ; 

Wicken Fen and Ryde, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Bradfield (Joy). 
Anchomenus sexpunctatus, L. Norfolk (J. Brown) ; King's Mere, Wellington 

College (Fowler). 
Anchomenus gracilipes, Duft. Gorton. Suffolk (Bedwell) ; Yarmouth(Redman). 
Anchomenus atratus, Duft. Ireland, rare, Donegal and Derry, Louth, Wex- 
ford, Cork, and Kerry. 
Anchomenus micans, Nic. Ireland, Lough Neagh (Buckle). 
Anchomenus viduus, Panz. Herringstone, Dorset (Beare and Donisthorpe) ; 

Lundy Island (Joy) ; Bog of Arthog (Donisthorpe) ; Norfolk ; Eastoft, 

Yorks (Crawshay) ; Ireland, widely distributed. A quite black specimen 

of the type taken in Kerry (Donisthorpe). The variety ?yicesti(s is of more 

frequent occurrence than the type in Ireland. 
Anchomenus versutus, Gyll. King's Weir, Oxford (Holland) ; Woking (G. 

Nicholson) ; Herringstone, Dorset (Donisthorpe) ; Ryehill Reservoir, near 

Wakefield (Carter) ; Ireland, near Killaloe (Stevens). 
Anchomenus scitulus, Dej. Rediscovered by Mr. Hereward Dollman, near 

Kew, in 1909. 
Anchomenus thoreyi, Dej. Scilly (Joy) ; Dagenham, Essex (Beare and 

Donisthorpe) ; Suffolk ; Weybourne, Norfolk ; Cherwell Banks, Oxford 

(Shipp) ; Irbydale, Lincolnshire (Wallace) ; Bog of Arthog, N. Wales 

(Donisthorpe) ; Ireland, Armagh (W. E. Sharj)). 
Anchomenus puelhis, Dej. Suffolk ; Norfolk ; Oxford ; Lincolnshire ; N. 

Wales ; Ireland, rare, Derry, Armagh, Cork, and Waterford. 
Anchomenus quadripiinctatus, De G. Woking, in numbers under pine bark 

and fallen pine needles, August 1900 (Champion). 

Tachys parvulus, Dej. Horsell, one specimen flying, 1902 (Champion) ; New 
Forest, not uncommon in Sphagnum, 1904 (Donisthorpe) ; Gerrans Bay, 
Cornwall, common at base of cliffs, 1897 (Champion) ; Plymouth (Keys). 

Tachys scutellaris. Germ. Bembridge, I. of W. (Beare and Donisthorpe). 

Lymnceum nigropiceum. Marsh. Felixstowe (Morley) ; Weymouth (Beare) ; 
Devonshire (de la Garde) ; Pet (Bennett) ; Camber (Dollman) ; Southsea 
(Donisthorpe). 

Cillenus lateralis, Sam. Saltfleet, Lincolnshire (Thornley) ; Barmouth 
(Donisthorpe) ; Ireland, locally distributed on the coast. Mr. Haliday 
recorded that it preys upon sand-hoppers. 

Bemhidium rufescens, Guer. A very pale form occurs commonly on Hiltree 
fa rocky island at the mouth of the Dee), whereon are no trees ; its habits 
have there become littoral and it hides in crevices of the sea cliffs quite on 
the shore (W. E. Sharp). 

Bemhidium quinquestriaiiim, Gyll. Enfield (Pool) ; Darenth Wood (Donis- 
thorpe) ; Bradfield (Joy) ; Suft'olk ; Norfolk ; Oxford (Shipp) ; Cumberland 



208 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

(Routledge) ; Ireland, Donegal and Derry, Antrim, Armagh, and Fermanagh, 
not common ; Balrath, co. Meatli, common in old wall (G. Nicholson). 

Bembidium fumigatum, Duft. Dagenham (Beare) ; Camber (Bennett) ; 
Ranworth, Norfolk. 

Bembidium clarki. Daws. Otmoor, Oxford (Shipp) ; Ruislip Reservoir 
(DoUman) ; St. Faith's Common, Norfolk (Edwards) ; Grimsby (Wallace) ; 
Holme Lacy, Herefordshire (Tomlin) ; Southport (Chaster) ; Ireland 
Antrim, Armagh, and Monaghan. 

Bembidium doris, Panz. Ireland, widely distributed ; Bovey Tracey (Keys). 

Bembidium sturmi, Panz. Luccombe, I. of W. (Champion). 

Bembidium normannum, Dej. Ireland, Mayo, Waterford, and Dublin. 

Bembidium gilvipes, Sturm. Tiverton, Devon (de la Garde) ; Ireland, Queens- 
town, Cork (Walker). 

Bembidium, nigricorne, Gyll. Cumrew Fell (Day) ; Blanchland (Bagnall) ; 
Ireland, Sheen River, near Kenmare, co. Kerry (Bouskell). 

Bembidium decorum,, Panz. Common in the New Forest (Donisthorpe). 

Bembidium nitidulum, Marsh. Cumberland (Day) ; Ireland, Donegal, 
Antrim, and Dublin. 

Bembidium affine, Steph. Tilgate Forest (Donisthorpe) ; Oxford district 
(Walker) ; Cromer (Beare) ; Cumberland ; Scotland, Glasgow (Solomon, 
1860), Giffnoch (Dalglish), Paisley (Dunsmore) ; Ireland, Donegal, Antrim, 
Armagh, Louth, Dublin, Wicklow, and Kerry. 

Bembidium monticola, Sturm. Devonshire, Christow (de la Garde) ; Plymouth 
district (Keys) ; Ireland, Donegal, Dublin, and Limerick. 

Bembidium stomoides, Dej. Mousehold Heath, Norfolk (Edwards) ; Cussop 
Dingle, Herefordshire (Tomlin) ; Bank of Trent, Torksey, Lincolnshire (Thorn- 
ley) ; Derwent Valley, Durham (Bagnall) ; near Liverpool (W. E. Sharp). 

Bembidium quadriguttatum, F. Ireland, Antrim and Galway. 

Bembidium quadripustulatum, Gyll. Sittingbourne (de la Garde) ; Pul- 
borough (Nicholson) ; Deal (Bedwell, Tomlin), Ditchling (DoUman). 

Bembidiumlunatum, Duft. London district. Barking Reach, Plumstead, and 
not uncommon at Rainham (Lewcock) ; Mesopotamia, Oxford (Shipp) ; 
Scotland, Forres (Chitty). 

Bembidium testaceum, Duh. Devon, River Teign (Keys) ; Llandaff, S. Wales 
(Tomlin); Mousehold Heath, Norfolk (Edwards); Cumberland; near 
Glasgow, locally common ( Anderson -Fergusson and Adie Daglish). 

Bembidium saxatile, Gyll. Shaldon, Devonshire (Champion). 

Bembidium bruxellense, Wesm. Scunthorpe, Lines. (Corbett). 

Bembidium saxatile, v. vedensis, Fow. All along southern coasts (Dawson, 
p. 186) ; Barton-on-Sea (Selous) ; Folkestone, Teignmouth, &c. (Champion). 

Bembidium anglicanum. Sharp. Swanage (E. A. Waterhouse) ; Blackgang 
Chine, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Norfolk, Gimingham (Butler), Cromer (Elli- 
man) ; Ireland, taken in numbers on the Dodder Banks, Dublin (Halbert). 

Bembidium pallidipenne. 111. Deal (Walker) ; Brook, I. of W., and I. of 
Tiree, common (Donisthorpe), 

Bembidium punctulatum, Drap. Chingford Ferry (Jennings) ; Plymouth 
district (Keys) ; N. WaleSj 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. '209 

Bembidium flammulatum, Clairv. Bovey Tracey (de la Garde) ; Ireland, 
Antrim, Down, Armagh, Kildare, and Kerry. 

Bemhidium varium, 01. Skinburyness Marsh, Estuary of the Eden, Cumber- 
land (Day). 

Bemhidium obliquum, Sturm. Hanwell (W, E. Sharp) ; Chobham (Champion) ; 
Wokingham, Berks. (Collins) ; Kings Mere, Wellington College, in great 
abundance (Tomlin and Fowler) ; Cropstone Reservoir, Leicestershire (F. 
Bates). 

Bembidium, palludosum, Panz. Lynwode, Lincolnshire (Wallace). 

Tachypus pallipes, Duft. Aldburgh, Suffolk (Hope) ; Lyme Regis (Chitty) ; 
Candleston, Glamorgan (Tomlin) ; Ireland, Coolmore, co. Donegal (Lang- 
ham). 

Perileptus areolatus, Creutz. Tavy Valley, Devonshire (Keys) ; Shropshire 
(Bailey) ; Ireland, Sheen River, near Kenmare, co. Kerry (Bouskell and 
Donisthorpe). 

Aepus marinus, Strom. Lymington Salterns (Bouskell and Donisthorpe) ; 

Ireland, Donegal, Galway, Louth, and Cork. 
Aeptis rohinii, Laboulb. Lymington Salterns (Bouskell and Donisthorpe) ; 

Ireland, Cork and Kerry. 

Trechus discus, F. Banks of Eden, Cumberland (Britten) ; Ireland, Ahas- 

cragh, CO. Galway (Halbert). 
Trechus micros, Herbst. In mole's nest, Lowestoft, Suffolk (Bedwell) ; Oxford 

district ; in mole's nest, Burwell Fen, and Alphington, Devon (Nicholson) ; 

Denton, Norfolk (Cruttwell) ; Ireland, Derry and Armagh. 
Trechus lapidosus, Daws. Ilfracombe (Bennett) ; Burton Point, Cheshire 

(W^. E. Sharp) ; Ireland, rare, Donegal, Down, Louth, and Wicklow, Ross- 

beigh, CO. Kerry, not uncommon (Bouskell and Donisthorpe). 
Trechus ruhens, F. Chiddingfold, Surrey (Donisthorpe) ; Thorne, Yorks 

(Miss Darley) ; Devonshire, Meavy Valley (Keys) ; Ireland, rare, Donegal, 

Down, Cork, and Kerry. 
Trechus miniitiis, F. In Ireland the type form is by no means common, being 

largely replaced by the variety T. obtusus, Er., especially in mountain 

districts. 
Trechus rivularis, Gyll. Wicken Fen (Chitty and Donisthorpe). 

Pairobus excavatus, Payk. Ireland, rare, Donegal, Antrim, and Kerry, not 
Dublin. Infested by intestinal worms of the genus Gordius, at Braemar 
(Donisthorpe). 

Pairobus assimilis, Chaud. Snaefell, Isle of Man (Tomlin) ; Ireland, common 
on hills, and widely distributed. 

Pogonus luridipennis. Germ. Bembridge, I. of W. (Ellis) ; Aldeburgh 
(Garneys) ; Grimsby (Thornley) ; Humberstone and Saltfleet (Carter and 
Burchnall). 

Pogonus chalceus, Marsh. Common on Humber shore, east of Hull (Stainforth). 

Pogonus littoralis, Duft. Southwold (Thouless) ; Ireland, Louth, Meath, 
and Dublin. 



210 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Cymindis vaporariorum, L. Blanchland Moors, Durham (Bagnall) ; Ireland 

Mayo. 
Odacantha tnelanura, Payk. Bradfield, Berkshire (Joy). 

Lebia cyanocephala, L. New Forest (Bouskell). 

Lehia chlorocepJiala, Hoff. Oxford district, not rare (Walker) ; Pamber 

Forest (Donisthorpe) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; Bucks (W. E. Sharp) ; 

Norfolk ; Torksey (Pegler) ; Llandaff, S. Wales (Tomlin) ; Ireland, very 

rare, Donegal, Wicklow, and Wexford. 
Lebia chlorocephala, Hoff., v. chrysocephala. Mots. Mickleham (Donisthorpe) ; 

West Malvern (Tomlin). 
Lebia crux-minor, L. A specimen was taken by Mr. F. H. Day in a meadow 

near Carlisle, April 15, 1899. Mr. C. J. C. Pool took a specimen near Ports- 
mouth in 1910. 
Actophorus imperialis. Germ. Kent, Frinton (Walker), Cliffe Marshes 

(G. Nicholson). 
Demetrias atricapillus, L. Ireland Louth, Meath, Dublin, Wicklow, Wexford, 

Waterford, and Cork. 
Dromius angustatus, Brulle. Nethy Bridge (Sharp and Bishop) ; Rannoch 

(Donisthorpe). 
Dromius meridionalis, Dej. Scotland, Arran (Evans). 
Dromius quadrinotatus, Panz. Ireland, widely distributed. 
Dromius quadrisignatus, Dej. Bournemouth and S. Devon (Joy) ; Maddingley 

(G. Nicholson) ; Norfolk, under bark of ash (Edwards). 
Dromius nigriventris. Thorns. Lvindy Island (Joy). 
Dromius sigma, Rossi. Epping (G. R. Waterhouse, 1836) ; Oulton Broad 

(Bedwell) ; Beccles (CruttweJl). 
Dromius longiceps, Dej. Brandon (Chitty). 
Dromius vectensis, Rye. Budleigh Salterton (Donisthorpe) ; Hastings 

district (Bennett). 
Lionychus quadrillum, Duft. Felixstowe (Morley). Mr. Keys takes a race 

at Slapton Ley without any spots at all. 

Polystichus vittatus, BruUe. Weymouth (Forsyth) ; Southwold (Hewitson) ; 

Cley, Norfolk (Leach). 
Drypta dentata, Rossi. Barton-on-Sea (Selous). 
Brachinus crepitans, L. Suffolk (Morley) ; Barrowden, Rutland, in numbers 

(Barrow) ; Christow, Devonshire (de la Garde). 

Mr. Frank Balfour Browne has written some most excellent and 

instructive papers on the Water Beetles, on which he is a great authority. 

See two papers on the Aquatic Coleoptera of the Norfolk Broads (Trans. 

Norfolk and Norwich Nat. Soc, 190.5 and 1906) and of the Solway district 

(Ann. Scot. Nat. Hist., 1909), &c. 
Haliplus mu^ronatus, Steph. Sherringham (Joy) ; Deal (Bedwell) ; Bur well 

Fen (Nicholson). 
Haliplus variegalus, Sturm. Ireland, Finlough, co. Clare (Halbert). 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 211 

Haliplus cinereus, Aube. Wimbledon Common (Beare) ; Ipswich (Morley) ; 

Cothill, Oxford (Walker). 
Haliplus striatus. Sharp. Baudsey, Suffolk (Morley). 

Cnemidotus impressus, F. Sandown, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Norfolk Broads 
(Balfour Browne); Suffolk; Spalding, Lines (W. E. Sharp). 

Pelohius tardus, Herbst. Richmond Park (Beare) ; New Forest (Donisthorpe) ; 
Suffolk ; Norfolk Broads (Balfour Browne) ; Wayrant Ponds, near Witliern- 
sea (Baker) ; Aylesby, Lines. (Wallace) ; Ireland, rare, Wicklow, Clare 
and Cork. 

Notenis clavicornis, De G. Oulton Broad (Bedwell) ; Ireland, Antrim, 

Fermanagh, Westmeath, and Waterford. 
Noterus sparsus. Marsh. Wicken Fen (Donisthorpe) ; Norfolk Broads 

(BaKour Browne) ; Croxby, Lincolnshire (Bullock) ; Southport district 

(Chaster and Sopp) ; Ireland, common. 

Hydrovatus cli/pealis, Sharp. New Forest (Sharp) ; Sandown, 1. of W. 
(EUis) ; Worle, near Weston (Beare and Donisthorpe). 

Bidessus nnistriatus, Schr. Camber, abundant (Bennett) ; Bournemouth 

(Jackson). 
Bidessus minutissimus. Germ. River Teign, Devon (de la Garde) ; Scotland, 

Wigtownshire and Kirkcudbrightshire (Balfour Browne); Ireland, Dublin, 

Cork, and Kerry. 
Bidessus geminus, F. Richmond Park (Donisthorpe) ; Brandon (Edwards) ; 

Newbury (Harwood) ; Sandown, I. of W. (H. Champion) ; Ham Green, 

Herefordshire (Tomlin). 

Hyphydrus ovatus, L. Ireland, locally common. Mr. W. E. Sharp describes 
a variety with dark bands on the elytra from Lowestoft. 

Ccelambus versicolor, Schall. The Irish records refer to C. quinquelineatus, 
Zett., which is widely distributed. 

Calamhus decoratus; Gyll. Hanwell (Kemp) ; Bramford, Suffolk (Morley) ; 
Lincolnshire. 

Ccelamhus novemlineatus, Steph. King's Mere, Wellington College, late 
autumn, in numbers (Fowler and Tomlin) ; Delamere Forest (W. E. Sharp) ; 
Ireland, rare, Donegal, Antrim, and Armagh. 

Coslambus impressopunctatus, Schall. Richmond Park (Donisthorpe) ; Han- 
well (W. E. Sharp) ; Suffolk ; Oxford (Cleeve, 1822) ; Greatham (Gardner) ; 
Ireland, Donegal, Down, and Armagh. 

Deronedes latus, Steph. New Forest (Sharp). 
Deronedes assimilis, Payk. Ireland, frequent. 

Hydroporus granvlaris, L. Hanwell (W. E. Sharp) ; Suffolk ; Norfolk 
Broads (Balfour Browne) ; Yarnton, Oxford (Walker) ; Scotland, Maxwell- 
town Loch, Dumfries (Lennon) ; Ireland, Lagan Canal, near Moira. 

Hydroporus septentrionalis, Gyll. Devonshire, Dartmoor (Keys), Buck- 
fastleigh, Christow, and South Brent (de la Garde) ; Ireland, Donegal, 
Antrim, Derry, Armagh, Wicklow, and Cork. 



212 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Htjdwporus davisii, Curt. Bungay (Garneys) ; Harleston (Fox) ; Hardwick 

Brook, Herefordshire (Tomlin) ; Snowdon ; Cumberland ; Ireland, Donegal 

and Dublin. 
Hi/droporus halensis, F. Maddingley, Cambs (G. Nicholson) ; Norfolk, 

Brundall and Stalham (Edwards) ; Palling (Balfour Browne) ; Ulceby, 

Lines (Wallace). 
Hydroporus dorsalis, F. Mull of Cantire (Hamlet Clarke) ; Ireland, Lagan 

Canal (Buckle) ; Gilnakirk, co. Down (Patterson) ; Tonabrochy, co. 

Galway (Halbert) ; Armagh (Balfour Browne and Johnson). 
Hydroporus scalesianus, Steph. Ant and Bure districts, Norfolk Broads 

(Balfour Browne). 
Hydroporus negledus, Schaum. Woking (Champion) ; Oxshott (Donis- 

thorpe) ; Burnham Beeches (W. E. Sharp) ; Norfolk Broads (Balfour 

Browne) ; Stratton Strawless (Edwards). 
Hydroporus tristis, Payk. Claygate (Bedwell) ; Oxshott (Donisthorpe) ; 

Woking (Walker) ; Suffolk (Morley) ; Norfolk Broads (Balfour Browne) ; 

Ireland, rare, Donegal, Derry, Mayo, and Kerry ; Lough Bray, Dublin 

(Donisthorpe). 
Hydroporus umhrosus, Gyll. Oxshott (Donisthorpe) ; Bexley Decoy, Suffolk 

(Morley) ; Birkdale (Chaster and Sopp) ; Ireland, Donegal, Antrim, Down, 

Armagh, Louth, Westmeath, and Limerick. 
Hydroporus angustatus, Sturm. Ireland, rare, Donegal, Antrim, and Armagh. 
Hydroporus morio, Dej. Delamere and Merionethshire (W. E. Sharp) ; 

Ireland, rare, Donegal and Armagh. 
Hydroporus incognitus. Sharp. Richmond Park (Donisthorpe) ; Ipswich 

(Morley) ; Norfolk Broads (Balfour Browne) ; Delamere Forest (W. E. 

Sharp) ; Cumberland ; Ireland, widely distributed. A paper on the 

specific characters of this beetle will be found in the Ent. Record for 1907, 

p. 77, by Mr. F. Balfour Browne. 
Hydroporus rufifrons, Duft. Barham (Kirby) ; Lundy Island ; Cumber- 
land ; Ireland, doubtful. 
Hydroporus longicornis, Sharp. Ireland, Mount Kippure, Dublin (Kemp). 
Hydroporus longulus, Muls. Wicken Fen (Donisthorpe) ; Lundy Island (Joy 

and Tomlin) ; Yorkshire ; Ireland, a single specimen taken at Downhill, co. 

Derry, by Mr. J. N. Milne, and named " celatus var." by Dr. Sharp. 
Hydroporus melanarius, Sturm. Oxshott (Bedwell) ; Crowborough (W. E. 

Sharp) ; Dorset (Chitty) ; Norfolk Broads (Balfour Browne) ; Snowdon 

(Sopp and Tomlin) ; Clogham (Joy). 
Hydroporus obscurus, Sturm. Norfolk (Edwards) ; Linwood, Lines (Wallace) ; 

Bovey Tracey, Devon (de la Garde) ; Ireland, widely distributed in highland 

districts. 
Hydroporus discretus, Fairm. New Forest (Sharp) ; Cumberland (Britten) ; 

Lincolnshire (Wallace) ; Suffolk (Morley) ; Bradfield and Lundy Island( Joy) ; 

near Oxford (Walker) ; Bude, N. Cornwall (de la Garde) ; Ireland, widely 

distributed, especially in the north. 
Hydroporus Hturatus, F. Ireland, widely distributed. 
Hydroporus marginatus, Duft. Bradfield (Joy) ; Kintbury (Harwood) ; 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 213 

Winchelsea (Esam) ; Shropshire (Bailey) ; Brandon (Edwards) ; Raiusbury 

and Chilbolton (Lloyd) ; South Brent (de la Garde) ; Tubney (Walker). 
Hydroporus ferrugineus, Steph. Hastings (Bennett) ; Plymouth district 

(Keys) ; Seaton, Devon (Champion) ; Horning (Edwards) ; Hart, Durham 

(Gardner) ; Cumberland (Britten). 
Hydroporus ohsoletus, Aube. South Brent, Devon (Keys) ; Cumberland 

(Britten) ; Ireland, Derry and Dowti (Buckle). 
Hydroporus ohlongus, Steph. Brandon (Edwards) ; Norfolk Broads (Balfour 

Browne) ; Ireland, Balrath, co. Meath (Nicholson). 

Agabus biguttatus, 01. Herefordshire (Tomlin) ; Gibside, Durham (Bagnall) ; 
Ireland, rare, Armagh (Johnson). 

Agabus brunneus, F. Rediscovered by Dr. Sharp in the New Forest, near 
Brockenhurst, in 1909. 

Agabus congener, Payk. Cwm Idwal, N. Wales (W. E. Sharp). 

Agabus conspersus, Marsh. Ireland, Kinsale and Youghal, co. Cork (Balfour 
Browne). 

Agabus uliginosus, L. Herringstone, near Dorchester (Donisthorpe) ; Horning 
and Yarmouth (Edwards) ; Cumberland. 

Agabus affinis, Payk. Oxshott (Donisthorpe) ; Princetown, Devon (Keys) ; 
Cumberland (Day) ; Scotland, Renfrewshire (Young) ; Kirkcudbrightshire 
and Dumbartonshire (Balfour Browne) ; Cobinshaw, near Edinburgh 
(Beare) ; Pentlands and Clackmannanshire (Evans). The distinctions 
between Agabus affinis, Payk., and unguicularis, Th., are well sho\\ai by 
Mr. Balfour Browne in the Ent. Record for 1906, p. 273. 

Agabus unguicularis, Thoms. Bixley, Suffolk (Morley) ; W^arwickshire 
(Ellis) ; Cheshire (W. E. Sharp) ; Durham (Wingate) ; Carlisle (Day). 

Agabus femoralis, Payk. Oxshott (Donisthorpe) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; 
Bramford (Morley) ; Hickling Broad (Balfour Browne) ; Marston. Oxford 
(Holland) ; Ireland, River Suck, near Mount Talbot, Roscommon (Hal- 
bert) ; Bovey Tracey, Devon (Keys). 

Agabus arcticus, Payk. Ireland, near summit of Kippure, co. Wicklow 
(Farren) ; above Lough Bray, co. Dublin (Kemp). 

Platambus maculafus, L. Ireland, Kilkenny (Neale). 

Ilybius suhceneus, Er. Suffolk, Beccles (Piffard) ; Norfolk, Brandon 

(Edwards) ; Wretham Heath (Edwards and Thouless) ; St. Faith's (Thou- 

less) ; Holton-le-Moor, Lines (Bullock). 
Hybius ater, De G. Ireland, not common, Donegal, Armagh, and Wexford. 
Uybius obscurus. Marsh. Sandown, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Exminster, 

Devon (de la Garde) ; Ireland, Fermanagh and Dublin. 
Hybius guUiger, Gyll. Norfolk Broads (Balfour Browne) ; Ireland. Dubhn, 

a single specimen at Kingstown (Hogan), River Dodder at Oldtown 

(Lewcock). 
Hybius cenescens, Th. Dartmoor (Keys). 

Copelaius agilis, F. Suffolk (Morley) ; Norfolk (Edwards) ; Ireland, very 
rare, Wexford and Cork. 



214 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Ehantus exoletus, Forst. Bury district (Tuck) ; Wickeii Fen (Donisthorpe) ; 

Tubney, Oxford (Holland) ; Ireland, widely distributed. 
Rhantus 2mlverosus, Stepli. Lymington Salterns (Donisthorpe) ; Suffolk ; 

Norfolk ; Tubney, Oxford (Holland). 
Rhantus notatus, Berg. Ireland, Derry, Armagh, Fermanagh, and Tipperary. 
Rhantus bistriatus, Berg. Ireland, Donegal, Derry, Wicklow, and Wexford. 
Rhantus adspersus, F. Norfolk (Stephens) ; recently rediscovered in Norfolk, 

in the Hickling district, by Mr. F. Balfour Browne. 

Mr. E. J. Burgess Sopp writes a very interesting account of the life-history 

of Dijtiscus punctulaius, F. (Proceed. Lane, and Ches. Ent. Soc, 1905, pp. 

50-57). 
Dytiscus marginalis, L. Mr. Donovan has recorded that he captured a 

specimen of this beetle swimming in the sea at Glandore. 
Dytiscus circumjlexus, F. Richmond Park and Penge (Donisthorpe) ; Chat- 

tenden (Walker) ; Isle of Sheppey (Chitty) ; Bawdsey (Morley) ; Felixstowe 

(Ellis); Norfolk. 
Dytiscus circumcinctus, Ahi. Suffolk (Morley) ; Norfolk Broads (Balfour 

Browne) ; Ireland, Armagh (Johnson). The form of $ of this species 

with smooth elytra is not uncommon at Wicken Fen (Donisthorpe). 
Dytiscus lapponicus, Gyll. Isle of Rum (Grieve) ; Isle of Eigg (BaKour 

Browne). 
Dytiscus dimidiatus. Berg. Not uncommon at Wicken Fen, 1899 (Bouskell 

and Donisthorpe) ; in plenty, Askham Bog, August 1906 (Balfour Browne 

and Beare). 
Hydaiicus transversalis, Berg. Barnley Broad, Suffolk (Bedwell). 
Hydaticus seminiger, De G. Hanwell (W. E. Sharp) ; Oxshott (Kemp) ; 

Shortlands (Donisthorpe) ; Kennet Valley (Joy) ; Delamere Forest and 

Leadsham, Cheshire (W. E. Sharp). 
Acilius sulcatus, L. Ireland, widely distributed. The variety scoticus, 

Curtis, Carrickfergus (Walker) ; Cumberland (Britten). 
Acilius fa sciat us, De G. Doncaster, locally common (Corbett) ; Ireland, rare, 

Armagh (Johnson). 
Graphodere^ cinereics, L., This fine species was rediscovered in Britain by 

Mr. F. Balfour Browne in 1904, in the Ant district of the Norfolk Broads. 
Gyrinus minutus, F. Hickling Broad and Horning (Edwards) ; Cumberland. 
Mr. F. Bouskell bred several species of parasites from pupae of Oyrinus 

natator found on reeds at Cropstone Reservoir, in Leicestershire. The 

Rev. J. Hellins and others have also bred species of Ichneumonidae from the 

cocoons of this beetle. 
Gyrinus urinator. 111. Bodelstreet, near Battle (Bennett) ; New Forest 

(Rendel) ; Bude, N. Cornwall (de la Garde) ; Ireland, Kerry. 
Gyrinus elongatus, Aube. Lymington Salterns (Beare, Donisthorpe, and 

E. A. Waterhouse) ; Cumberland ; Ireland, widely distributed. 
Gyrinus hicolor, Payk. Deal (Donistliorpe) ; Norfolk Broads (Balfour 
Browne) ; Crossens, Southport district (Chaster and Sopp) ; Ireland, rare. 

Sligo, Roscommon, Cork, and Kerry. 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 215 

Gyrinus colymhus, Er. Ranworth and Hickling Broad (Edwards) ; Sutton 
Broad (Balfour Browne) ; Ugboro' Beacon, Devon (de la Garde). 

Gyrinus opacus, Salil. Staines (Donisthorpe) ; Warwickshire (Ellis) ; Oxford 
district (Walker) ; Ireland, widely distributed. 

Gyrinus suffriani, Scriba. Leamlands, Lines (Morley). 

Orectochilus villosus, Miiller. Near Newbury (Harwood) ; New Forest 
(Donisthorpe) ; Bayswater Brook, Oxford (Walker) ; Ireland, widely 
distributed. This insect is generally nocturnal in its habits, but I have 
taken it swimming about in a stream in the day-time in the New Forest. 
The pupation of this beetle has been observed under bark, and in fresh- 
water shells {see Ent. Mag., 1837, p. 254, and the Irish List, 1902, p. 607). 

Hydrophilus piceus, L. Elytra and thoracic plates common in the peat of 
Hatfield Moor, Doncaster district ; probably extinct (Corbett). For an 
account of the copulation of this beetle see the Ent. Record, 1900, p. 291 
(Donisthorpe). 

Hydrocharis caraboides, L. Hanwell (W. E. Sharp) ; Norfolk ; Birkdale 
(Chaster and Sopp). 

Hydrohius picicriis, Sharp. Oxshott (Donisthorpe) ; Little Blakenham, 

Suffolk (Morley) ; Norfolk (Edwards) ; Oxford district (Walker). 
Hydrohius chalconatus, Steph. Barnes Common (E. C. Rye) ; Woking and 

Sheppey (Walker) ; Tottenham and Southsea (Donisthorpe) ; Little 

Blakenham (Morley) ; Burgh-on-Sands (Britten). 
Hydrohius oblongus, Herbst. Bawdsey, Suffolk (Morley) ; Muckfleet district, 

Norfolk Broads (Balfour Browne) ; Spalding, Lines (W. E. Sharp) ; Ireland, 

Lakes of Killarney (Dr. Leach). 

Philhydrus testaceus, F. Ireland, Armagh, Roscommon, and Wexford. 
Philhydrus nigricans, Zett. Suffolk ; Norfolk ; Oxford ; Ireland, Armagh, 

Tipperary, and Kerry. 
Philhydrus minutus, F. Suffolk ; Norfolk ; Herefordshire ; Ireland, Kerry. 

Cymhiodyta ovalis, Th. Ireland, Ballyphephene Bog, co. Cork (Balfour 
Browne). 

Enochrus hicolor, Gyll. Suffolk ; Norfolk ; Lincolnshire ; Herefordshire ; 
Ireland, rare, Down and Dublin. 

Paracymus nigrocenus, Sahl. Ireland, rare, Galway and Kerry. 

Anaccena globulus, Payk., and limhata, F. Ireland, widely distributed. 
Anaccena bipustulata, Steph. Sandown, I. of W. (J. Taylor) ; Humberstone, 

Lines (Bullock) ; Norfolk (Balfour Browne) ; Herefordshire (Tomlin) ; 

Bottisham Fen (Nicholson). 

Helochares punctatus. Sharp. Lundy Island (Joy) ; Ireland, Inchigala, co. 
Cork (Balfour Browne). 

Laccobius alutaceus, Thoms., minutus, L., and bipunctatus, F. IrelanH. widely 
distributed. 



216 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Berosus spinosus, Stev. Bexhill (Donisthorpe) ; Bawdsey (Elliot) ; Felix- 
stowe (Morley) ; Scotland, Caerlaverock salt marshes (Lennon). 

Berosus luridus, L. Suffolk ; Norfolk ; Oxford ; Cleethorpes (Wallace) ; 
Ireland, Roscommon. 

Limnebius papposus, Muls. Laceby and Humberstone, Lines (Wallace) ; 
Ireland, Donegal, Armagh, and Dublin. 

Jjimnehius nitidus. Marsh. Oxford district ; Southport district ; Ireland, 
Antrim, Armagh, Louth, and Dublin. 

Limnebius picinus, Marsh. Norfolk Broads (Balfour Browne). 

Chcetarthria seminulum, Herbst. Ireland, frequent. 

Spercheus emarginatus, Schall. Burwell Fen (Professor Babbington) ; Askham 
Bog (Preston, 1834). 

Helophorus tuberculatus, Gyll. Scotland, Kelton (Lennon) ; near Coatbridge 
(G. R. Brown). 

Helophorus rugosus, 01. Ireland, Donegal, Derry, Antrim, and Louth. 

Helophorus intermedius, Muls. Felixstowe and Bawdsey (Morley) ; Norfolk 
(Edwards) ; Ireland, Derry, not common. 

Helophorus dorsalis, Marsh. Sevenoaks (Donisthorpe) ; Cookfield, Sussex 
(Chitty) ; Bungay (Garneys) ; Norfolk (Edwards) ; Lincolnshire ; Wytham 
Park (Walker) ; Ireland, Down and Dublin. 

Helophorus mulsanti. Rye. Sheerness (Donisthorpe) ; Yarnton (Holland) ; 
Suffolk ; Norfolk ; Teignmouth (de la Garde) ; New Holland, Lines 
(Wallace) ; Solway Marshes (Day) ; Ireland, DubHn, one specimen (Halbert, 
1895). 

Helophorus affinis, Marsh. Ireland, Youghal, co. Cork (Balfour Browne). 

Helophortis arvernicus, Muls. Amberley Marsh, Sussex (W. E. Sharp) ; King's 
Weir (Walker) ; River Tavy, Devonshire (Donisthorpe) ; Woolhope, Here- 
fordshire (Tomlin) ; Cumberland (Britten) ; Scotland, Nethy Bridge 
(Bishop and Sharp) ; Ireland, Derry. 

Helophorus nanus, Sturm. Bury district (Tuck) ; Marston, Oxford (Walker) ; 
Lincolnshire (Wallace). 

Hydrochus brevis, Herbst. Norfolk Broads (Balfour Browne) ; Thurstonfield 
Lough and Rockcliffe, Cumberland (Day) ; Ireland, near Belfast (Buckle). 

Hydrochus elongatus, Schall. Ireland, Down, Armagh, Limerick, and Water- 
ford. 

Hydrochus carinatus, Germ. Brandon (Edwards) ; Irby, Lines (Wallace). 

Hydrochus angustatus, Germ. Burgh Marsh (Day) ; Yorkshire ; Ireland, 
Waterford. 

Henicocerus exculptus. Germ. Thames, near Marlow (W. E. Sharp) ; Kennet 
Valley, Berks (Joy) ; Bradgate Park, Leicestershire (Bouskell) ; Woolhope, 
Herefordshire (Tomlin) ; Plymouth district (Keys) ; Ireland, Derry, Down, 
Dublin, and Kerry. 

OcMhebius exaratus, Muls. In plenty in pool on cliffs, Sandown, I. of W. 
(Donisthorpe). 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 217 

Ochihebius margipallens, Latr. Bembridge, I. of W. (Ellis) ; Suffolk ; Norfolk 

Broads ; Ireland, Kenmare, co. Kerry (Halbert). 
Ochthebius marinus, Payk. Ireland, Down, Dublin, and Waterford. 
Ochthebius pygmceus, F. Ireland, Armagh, Sligo, Galway, and Kerry. 
Ochthebius bicolon. Germ. Ireland, widely distributed. 
Ochthebius auriculatus, Rey. Wells and Cley, Norfolk (Joy) ; Yarmouth, I. of 

W. (Donisthorpe) ; Cumberland ; N. Lincolnshire (Thornley) ; Scotland, 

Kelton, Dumfries (Balfour Browne) ; Ireland, Meath and Dublin. 
Ochthebius nanus, Steph. Bembridge, I. of W. (Ellis). 
Ochthebius punctatus, Steph. Felixstowe and Aldeburgh (Morley) ; Teign- 

mouth (de la Garde) ; Ireland, Sligo, Louth, and Kerry. 

Hydrcena testacea, Curt. Near Aldermaston, Berks (Fowler and Tomlin) ; 

Ipswich (Morley) ; Norfolk Broads ; River Dart, Devon (de la Garde) ; 

Ireland, River Nore, Kilkenny (Halbert). 
Hydrcena palustris, Er. Norfolk Broads (Balfour Browne). 
Hydrcenanigrita, Germ. Water Eaton (Collins) ; S. Whales (Chitty) ; Hereford- 
shire (Tomlin) ; Appley Bridge (Southport List) ; Ireland, Antrim and 

Armagh. 
Hydrcena longior, Rey. New- Forest (Sharp) ; Devon (de la Garde) ; Ireland, 

Armagh, Roscommon, Tipperary, and Waterford. 
Hydrcena gracilis. Germ. Herefordshire (Tomlin) ; Devonshire, Plymouth 

district (Keys) ; Buckfastleigh (de la Garde) ; S. Wales (Chitty). 
Hydrcena atricapilla, Wat. Herefordshire (Tomlin) ; Brent, Devonshire 

(Keys) ; S. Wales (Chitty) ; Eden River, Cumberland (Britten) ; Ireland, 

Derry, Armagh, and Cork. 
Hyrdmna pygmcea, Wat. S. Wales (Chitty) ; Cusop Dingle, Herefordshire 

(Tomlin) ; Christow, Devon (de la Garde). 
Hydrcena pulchella. Germ. Bodelstreet, near Battle (Bennett) ; Holme Lacy, 

Herefordshire (Tomhn) ; Ireland, Derry, Antrim, Down, Kilkenny, and 

Armagh. 
Cyclonotum orbiculare, F. Ireland, widely distributed. 

Cercyon depressus, Steph. Suffolk ; Hunstanton (Thornley) ; Scotland, 

Barossie (Dalglish) ; Ireland, common. 
Cercyon hcemorrhous, Gyll. Ireland, not common, Donegal, Antrim, and 

Armagh. 
Cercyon obsoletus, Gyll. Southwold (Morlej^) ; Tubney (Holland) ; Ireland, 

not common, Donegal, Antrim, and Armagh. 
Cercyon marinus, Thoms. [aquaticus, var. /3 Muls.). Waxham, Norfolk; 

Ireland, Antrim, Armagh, and Wexford. 
Cercyon nigriceps, Marsh. Ireland, Fermanagh ; Ditchling, Shirley, Hanwell 

(Dollman). 
Cercyon terminatus. Marsh. Suffolk (Morley) ; Summertown (Walker) ; 

Ditchling (Dollman) ; Norwich district (Edwards) ; Lundy Island (Joy) ; 

Lincolnshire ; Cumberland ; Ireland, not common, Donegal, Armagh, 

Sligo, and Dublin. 
Cercyon lugubris, Paj-k. Ireland, Armagh. 



218 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Cercyon minutus, Muls. Matlion and West Malvern (Tomlin) ; Brandon 
(Morley) ; Cumberland ; Ireland, Shane's Castle, near Antrim (Buckle). 

Homceiisa acuminata, Maerk. Farnborough, with Formica fusca (Wollaston) ; 
in a mixed nest of Lasius flaviis and niger, Mickleham (Donisthorpe) ; 
Doddington, Kent, with Formica fusca and Lasius niger (Chitty and Donis- 
thorpe) ; with L. fuliginosus, Guestling (Bennett) ; with F. fusca, Chesham 
(Elliman) ; with F. fusca, Chipstead and Coulsdon (Bedwell). 

Aleochara ruficornis, Grav. With Lasius fuliginosus, Wellington College 
(Donisthorpe) ; Redstone, Surrey (Linnell) ; Colchester (Harwood) ; Led- 
sham, Cheshire (W. E. Sharp); Snowdon (Sopp); Cumberland (Routledge). 

Aleochara brevipennis, Grav. Herringstone, near Dorchester (Donisthorpe) ; 
Cropstone Reservoir, Leicestershire (Bouskell) ; Bungay (Garneys) ; 
Yarnton (Walker) ; Orton, Cumberland (Day) ; Norfolk ; Ireland, common 
in the south and west. 

Aleochara tristis, Grav. Oxford (Walker) ; Ireland, Carlingtord, Louth 
(Johnson). 

Aleochara fumata, Grav. Near Wytham Park (Walker) ; Durdar, Cumber- 
land (Day) ; Braunton, Devon (de la Garde). 

Aleochara cuniculorum. Kraatz. Freshwater, I. of W. (Donisthorpe); 
Cobham Park and Oxford district (Walker) ; Ditchling (Dollman) ; Brad- 
gate Park, Leicestershire (F. Bates) ; Lundy Island (Joy) ; Corton Cliffs 
(Bedwell) ; Cumberland (Britten) ; Spen Banks, Durham, in badger's 
" earth " (Bagnall) ; Ireland, Wexford. Occurs in rabbit burrows. 

Aleochara maculata, Bris. Oxford and Berkshire (Walker). 

Aleochara lygcea, Kr. Chatham (Walker) ; Bradgate Park (F. Bates) ; Silloth 
(Day). 

Aleochara villosa, Mann. Arminghall, Norfolk (Edwards) ; Cumberland 
(Britten). 

Aleochara inoesta, Grav. Mayo, Ireland. 

Aleochara mycetophaga, Kr. Shirley and Isle of Sheppey (Donisthorpe). 

Aleochara moerens, Gyll. Wimbledon Common, New Forest, and Aviemore 
(Donisthorpe) ; Great Salkeld (Britten) ; Bovey, Devon (de la Garde). 

Aleochara nitida, v. bilineata, Gyll. Ireland, rare, Donegal and Louth. 

Aleochara morion, Grav. Irby, Grimsby (Wallace). 

Aleochara spadicea, Er. Berkshire and Devonshire, in moles' nests (Joy) ; 
Scotland, Leadburn, Peeblesshire, first Scotch record, W. Evans, This 
species is widely distributed in moles' nests. 

Aleochara spadicea, v. procera, Er. Forres (Chitty) ; Hartlepool (Gardner). 

Aleochara grisea, Kr. Ireland, local, but widely distributed. 

Aleochara algarum, Fauv., and obscurella, Er. Ireland, widely distributed. 

Microglossa siUuralis, Mann. Birkdale (Chaster and Sopp) ; Great Salkeld 
(Britten). 

Microglossa marginalis, Gyll. In birds' nests in trees, Bradfield, Berks 
(Joy) ; Woolton Hill, Hants (Donisthorpe) ; Huntingfield, Kent (Chitty) ; 
Pulborough (G. Nicholson) ; Water Eaton (Collins) ; Colchester (Har- 
wood) ; Martlesham, Suffolk (Morley). 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 219' 

Microglossa pidla, Gyll. In ants' nests : Oxshott with Lasius fuliginosus, 
common, Weybridge with F. rufa (Donisthorpe) ; Wellington College, 
with Lasius fuliginosus (Joy) ; in birds' nests, Richmond Park (Donis- 
thorpe) ; Bradfield, &c. (Joy) ; on carrion, Crowcombe, Somerset (Nichol- 
son), Chiddingfold, &c. ; Ireland, Mote Park, Roscommon (Halbert). 

Microglossa nidicola, Fairm. Suffolk ; Norfolk ; Lincolnshire ; Ireland, 
Donegal and Waterford. 

Jlicroglossa gentilis, Maerk. Hampstead (F. Smith) ; Oxshott, with Lasius 
fuliginosus (Donisthorpe) ; Bradfield, in birds' nests (Joy) ; with L. fuligi- 
nosus, Colchester (Harwood) ; Brent Knoll, Somerset (Rye) ; in bird's 
nest, Ferry Hinksey, with Lasius ftdiginosus, Tubney (Walker). 

Oxypoda spedabilis, Maerk. Dorking and Porlock (Donisthorpe) ; Wytham, 

in mole's nest (Collins) ; Wigmore Wood, Kent (Walker) ; Ditchling, 

Sussex, and in mole's nest, Harrow (Dollman) ; Ashstead, in mole's nest 

(Nicholson) ; Bucks (W. E. Sharp) ; in wasps' nest, Great Salkeld (Britten). 
Oxypoda longipes, Muls. Widely distributed in moles' nests; in flood refuse, 

Forres (Chitty). 
Oxypoda lividipennis, Mann. Ireland, Donegal. 
Oxypoda vitlata, Maerk. Ireland, Antrim. 
Oxypoda exoleta, Er. Streatley, in rabbit burrows, in numbers (Joy) ; Tubney 

(Collins) ; Birkdale, not uncommon (Chaster and Sopp) ; Fownhope, 

Herefordshire, and Porthkerry, S. Whales (Tomlin). 
Oxypoda islandica, Kr. {edinensis, Sharp). Nethy Bridge, Inverness-shire 

(Donisthorpe) ; Dalwhinnie (Joy). 
Oxypoda lentula, Er. Oxford district ; Grimsby (Wallace) ; Ireland, near 

Belfast. 
Oxypoda piectita. Sharp. Nethy Bridge, Inverness-shire (Donisthorpe). 
Oxypoda nigrina, Wat. Ireland, Down. 
Oxypoda exigua, Er. Birkdale (Chaster and Sopp) ; with Myrmica rubra, 

Wass Fell, Cumberland (Britten). 
Oxypoda mutata. Sharp. Redhill and Burford Bridge (Linnell). 
Oxypoda formiceticola, Maerk. With Formica rufa, Wellington College, Berks 

(Joy) ; Kent, Bleane Woods (Donisthorpe), Wigmore Woods (Walker) ; 

Tubney (Collins) ; Norfolk (Edwards) ; Northumberland and Durham 

(Bagnall) ; Cumberland (Day). 
Oxypoda recondita, Kr. Wellington College, with Formica sanguinea (Donis- 
thorpe), Formica rufa (Joy) ; Bleane Woods, with F. rufa (Donisthorpe) ; 

Haldon, Teignmouth, in old post (de la Garde). 
Oxypoda hcemorrhoa, Mann. With F. rufa, Tubney (Collins) ; \\'ith Formica 

eccsecta, Bournemouth (Donisthorpe) ; Birkdale (Chaster and Sopp) ; 

Northumberland and Durham, with F. rufa (Bagnall) ; Ireland, Donegal 

and Wexford. 
Oxypoda waferhousei, Rye. Birkdale (Chaster and Sopp) ; Ireland, DubUn. 
Oxypoda soror, Thoms. Snowdon, common in moss (Beare and Donisthorpe). 
Oxypoda hrachyptera, Steph. Bradfield (Joy) ; Llanbedr (Attlee) ; Fishbourne, 

I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Ireland, Donegal. 
Oxypoda tarda, Sharp. Near Great Salkeld, Cumberland (Britten). 



220 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Oxypoda misella, Kr. Brandon (Tomlin). 

Thiasophila angulafa, Er. With F. rufa, Cumberland (Day) ; in rabbit 

burrow, Tubney (Collins) ; Northumberland and Durham (Bagnall). 
Thiasophila inquilina, Maerk. With Lasius fuliginosus, Wellington College 

(Joy) ; near Oxford (Hamm) ; Weston-super-Mare (Crotch). 
Ischnoglossa prolixa, Grav. Meavy Valley, Devonshire (Keys) ; Southport 

(Chaster and Sopp) ; Ireland, rare, Galway and Dublin. 
Ocyusa incrassata, Kr. Oxshott, Wey bridge, and Tilgate Forest (Donis- 

thorpe) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; Oulton Broad (Bedwell) ; Hen Wood, 

Oxford (Walker) ; Cumberland (Day) ; Ireland, widely distributed. 
Ocyusa hibernica, Rye. Snowdon (Sopp aiid Tomlin). 
Ocyusa maura, Er. Cumberland (Day). 
Ocyusa picina, Aube. Newbury (Harwood) ; Suffolk (Morley). 

Phlceopora corficalis, Grav. Oxford (Champion) ; Southport (Chaster and 

Sopp). 
Phloiopora corticalis, v. transita, Muls. Sutton Park, Warwickshire (Blatch). 

Ocalea casfanea, Er. Ireland, Donegal, Antrim, and Wexford. 

Ocalea latipennis, Sharp. Chiddingfold, Surrey (Donisthorpe) ; Inverness 
(Chitty) ; Ireland, Armagh (Johnson). 

Ilyobates nigricoUis, Payk. Newbury, in numbers (Harwood) ; South Brent, 
Devonshire (de la Garde) ; Barham (Stephens) ; Chippenham Fen (Donis- 
thorpe) ; Burwell Fen, in mole's nest (Nicholson) ; Ireland, Antrim, Armagh, 
and Roscommon. 

Ilyobates propinquus, Aube. Rye (Donisthorpe) ; Bradfield (Joy) ; Suffolk 
(Morley) ; Market Bosworth, Leicestershire (F. Bouskell) ; Oxford district 
(Walker) ; Ditchling (Dollman). 

Ilyobates forticornis, Lac. Banks of Gipping, Suffolk (Morley) ; River 
Kennet (Joy) ; Sandown, I. of W. (Nicholson). 

Ilyobates glabriventris, Rye. Tring, by sweeping (Elliman). 

Calodera nigrita, Mann. Woking (Champion) ; Gumley (Matthews) ; Yarn- 
ton (Walker) ; Norfolk, rather common in marshes (Edwards) ; Ireland, 
rare, Armagh (Johnson). 

Calodera riparia, Er. Yarnton, near Oxford (Walker) ; Gumley (Matthews) ; 
Cumberland ; Dartmoor (Keys). 

Calodera cethiops, Grav. Yarnton, near Oxford (Walker) ; Gravesend 
(Nicholson) ; Ireland, very rare, Armagh (Johnson). 

Calodera rubens, Er. Gumley (Matthews). 

Calodera protensa, Mann. Yarnton, Oxford (Walker). 

Calodera umbrosa, Er. Ipswich and Foxall (Morley) ; Great Salkeld, Cumber- 
land (Britten) ; Oxford (Walker) ; King's Quay, I. of W. (Donisthorpe). 

Chilopora rubicunda, Er. Perthshire (Joy). 

Dinarda maerkeli, Kies. With Formica rufa. Ewhurst (Butler) ; Oxshott, 
Wey bridge, and Parkhurst Forest, I. of W. (Donisthorije) ; Wellington 
College (Joy) ; Tubney (Collins) ; Kent, Bleane Woods (Chitty), Wigmore 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 221 

Wood (Walker) ; Symond's Yat (Tomlin) ; Devonshire (Keys) ; Keswick, 
Cumberland (Britten) ; Corbridge, Northumberland (Bagnall) ; Scotland, 
Killiecrankie (Hislop). 
Dinarda dentata, Grav. Only with Formica sanguinea. Weybridge (F. 
Smith) ; Woking (Donisthorpe) ; Wellington College (Joy). The records 
from Scotland, and Exeter if taken with F. rufa, refer to maerkeli, Kies. 
The Plymouth and Weston-super-Mare records are pygmcea, W^asm., the 
ho_st being Formica fusca, v. fuscorufiharhis. 

Atemeles emarginatus, Grav. Is not found with F. rufa. Woking with 
Myrmica sulcinodis, Weybridge, and Porlock with F. fusca (Donisthorpe) ; 
Bradiield and Harewood Forest with F. fusca (Joy) ; Guestling and New 
Forest with Myrmica scabrinodis ; Bournemouth with Myrmica Icevinodis 
(Donisthorije) ; Lundy Island (Joy and Tomlin) ; Loggerheads and 
Glyndyfridivg with F. fusca (Tomlin) ; Suffolk with Myrmica ruginodis 
(Morley) ; Norwich (Wigham) ; Chorley Wood, Herts, with Myrmica 
(Nicholson) ; Luccombe, I. of W., sweeping (Butler) ; Oxford district 
(Hamm). 

Atemeles paradoxus, Grav. Is not found with F. fusca. Whitsand Bay with 
Formica fusca v. fuscorufiharhis (Keys). 

Myrmedonia haworthi, Steph. Headley Lane, Mickleham (W. E. Sharp) ; 
Colchester (Harwood). 

Myrmedonia collaris, Payk. Wicken Fen, not uncommon with Myrmica 
Icevinodis, the larva also being found (Donisthorpe) ; Oulton Broad (Bed- 
well) ; Beccles (Pift'ard) ; Newbury, in numbers (Harwood) ; Oxford 
district (Walker) ; Saddington, Leicestershire (Matthews) ; Ireland, rare, 
Donegal, Armagh, Fermanagh, Monaghan, Sligo, and Galway. 

Myrmedonia limhata, Payk. Lundy Island (Joy and Tomlin) ; Market 
Rasen, Lines (Wallace) ; Ireland, Waterford. 

Myrmedonia humeralis, Grav. With Lasius fuliginosus in plenty, Oxshott 
and Tilgate Forest (Donisthorpe) ; Wellington College (Joy) ; Chopwell, 
Durham, and Corbridge, Northumberland, with Form,ica rufa (Bagnall). 

Myrmedonia cognata, Maerk. With Lasius fuliginosus. Wellington College 
(Joy) ; Hampstead (Janson) ; Darenth Wood (Donisthorpe) ; Brocken- 
hurst (G. R. Waterhouse). 

Myrmedonia lugens, Grav. With Lasius fuliginosus. Oxshott, Walton-on- 
Thames, and Chiddingfold (Donisthorpe) ; Wellington College (Joy) ; 
Cothill (Colhns) ; Colchester (Harwood) ; Sydenham and Brockenhurst 
(G. R. Waterhouse). 

Myrmedonia laticollis, Maerk. With Lasius fuliginosus. Cothill (Collins) ; 
Colchester (Harwood) ; Tostock (Tuck) ; Brockenhurst (Waterhouse) ; 
Plymouth (Reading). 

Myrmedonia funesta, Qva,\. With L. fuliginosus. Cambridge (Crotch) ; Col- 
chester (Harwood) ; Cothill, near Oxford (Colhns) ; Chiddingfold, Surrey, 
and Ninham, I. of W. (Donisthorpe). 

Drusilla canaliculafa, F. This species kills and eats ants. Scotland, Inver- 
ness-shire (Black). 



222 ADDITIONAL LOOALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Callicerus obscurus, Grav. Ireland, Donegal, Derry, Roscommon, Clare, and 
Waterford. 

Callicerus rigidicornis, Er. Bradfield and Wellington College (Joy and 
Eowler) ; New Forest and Sherwood Forest (Donisthorpe) ; Tubney 
(Holland) ; Birkdale sandhills (Chaster and Sopp) ; Cumberland (Day). 

Thamiarcea hospita, Maerk. Cobham Park and Oxford (Walker) ; Ryde, 
I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Bradfield (Joy) ; Ireland, Lucan Demesne, co. 
Dublin (Halbert). 

Notothecfa flavipes, Grav. Keswick, Cumberland (Britten) ; Northumberland 
and Durham (Bagnall). 

Notothecfa confusa, Maerk. With L. fuliginosus. Oxshott and Pyrford 
(Donisthorpe); Wellington College (Joy); Birkdale sandhills (Chaster); 
Brockenhurst (G. R. Waterhouse) ; Weston-super-Mare and Cambridge 
(Crotch) ; near Oxford (Hamm). 

Notothecta anceps, Er. With Formica exsecta, Bournemouth (Donisthorpe) ; 
with F. rufa, Keswick, Cumberland (Britten) ; Corbridge-on-Tyne (Bag- 
nall). 

Alianta incana, Er. Wales, Bog of Arthog (Donisthorpe) ; Ireland, Armagh 
and Fermanagh. Mr. Selous records finding this beetle in company witli 
a Lepidopterous larva in the tunnels of the latter in the stems of Typha 
at Barton-on-Sea. 

Homalota currax, Kr. South Brent, Devonshire (de la Garde) ; Ireland, 

Donegal, Antrim, and Dublin. 
Homalota languida, Er. Luccombe, I. of W. (Champion) ; Yarnton (Walker) ; 

Ireland, co. Carlow (Halbert). 
Homalota insecta, Thoms. Banks of Brent, Hanwell (Donisthorpe) ; Barham 

(Kirby) ; Norfolk (Edwards) ; Ireland, Armagh (Johnson). 
Homalota pavens, Er. Ireland, Dublin. 
Homalota eichoffi, Scriba. Wellington College (Joy). The record " Walton- 

on-Thames (Champion) " refers to H. languida. 
Homalota cambrica, WoU. Plymouth district (Keys) ; Cumberland (Britten) ; 

Ireland, Donegal. 
Homalota planifrons, Wat. Felixstowe (Morley). 
Homalota fragilis, Kr. Christow, Devon (de la Garde) ; Winlaton Mill, 

Durham (Bagnall) ; Ireland, Donegal and Dublin. 
Homalota longula, Heer. Cumberland (Britten) ; Winlaton Mill, Durham 

(Bagnall). 
Homalota subtillissima, Kr. Banks of Eden, Cumberland (Britten) ; Winlaton 

Mill, Durham (Bagnall). 
Homalota luteipes, Er. Christow and Slapton Lea, Devonshire (de la Garde) ; 

Isle of Man (Tomlin) ; Ireland, Armagh and West Meath. 
Homalota jallax, Kr. Norfolk (Edwards). 

Homalota luridipennis, Mann. Ireland, Antrim, Down, Dublin, and Kerry. 
Homalota (lyllenhali, Thoms. Teignmouth (de la Garde) ; Cumberland ; 

Ireiand, Ai'magh and Roscommon. 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 223 

Homalota hygrotopora, Kr. Hanwell and Cliiddingfold (Donisthorpe) ; 
Buckfastleigh, Devonshire (de la Garde) ; Norfolk ; Grimsby (Wallace) ; 
Ireland, Donegal and Armagh. 

Homalota volans, Scriba. Ireland, common. 

Homalota clavipes, Shp. Dalwhinnie (Joy). 

Homalota nitidula, Kr. Yarnton, near Oxford (Collins) ; Ireland, Donegal, 
not CO. Down. 

Homalota alpestris, Heer. North Wales, Snowdon (Beare and Donisthorpe) ; 
Cwmidwal (W. E. Sharp) ; River Petteril, Cumberland (Daj'). 

Homalota oblongiuscula. Sharp. Cliiddingfold, Surrey (Donisthorpe) ; Tubney 
(Walker) ; Cumberland ; Ireland, Armagh (Johnson). 

Homalota silvicola, Fuss. Dawlish (de la Garde) ; Braemar (Donisthorpe). 

Homalota pagana, Er. Great Blakenham, Suffolk (Morley) ; Norfolk (Ed- 
wards) ; Wytham Park (Walker) ; Ireland, Armagh (Johnson). 

Homalota algce, Hardy. Ireland, Derry and Mayo. 

Homalota occulta, Er. Richmond Park, in rabbit burrows (Beare and Donis- 
thorpe) ; Great Blakenham, Suffolk (Kirby) ; Birkdale (Chaster and Sopp) ; 
Teignmouth (de la Garde) ; Ireland, Donegal, " species near occulta " ? 

Homalota princeps. Sharp. Cremyll, Plymouth district (Keys). 

Homalota fungivora, Thoms. Ireland, Galway. 

Homalota picipes, Th. Shane's Castle, Lough Neagh, Ireland (Buckle). 

Homalota monticola, Thoms. Snowdon (Donisthorpe) ; Ireland, Dublin 
(Halbert). 

Homalota subglabra, Sharp. Bradfield (Joy) ; Tilgate (Champion). 

Homalota angustula, Gyll. Southport (Chaster and Sopp) ; Cumberland 
(Britten). 

Homalota pilicornis, Thoms. Bradfield (Joy) ; Durham (Bagnall) ; Cumber- 
land (Day). 

Homalota clehilis, Er. Ireland, Armagh. 

Homalota jallaciosa, Shp. Yarnton, near Oxford (Collins). 

Homalota ccesida, Er. Tubney, near Oxford (Walker) ; Suffolk (Morley) ; 
Thetford, Norfolk (Edwards) ; Woolacombe (Champion). 

Homalota elegantula, Bris. South Brent, Devon (Keys) ; Bradfield (Joy) ; 
Ireland, Armagh and Galway. 

Homalota splendens, Kr. Woking and Oxford (Champion) ; Charing (Chitty). 

Homalota cuspidata, Er. Mr. Bagnall records it from Gibside, Durham, 
preying on Anoura muscorum ; Cumberland (Britten) ; Corbridge (Northum- 
berland (Bagnall). 

Homalota eremita, Rye. Chobham, Surrey (Champion) ; Epping Forest 
(Nicholson) ; Snowdon (Sopp and Tomlin) ; Snaefell, I. of Man (Tomlin) ; 
Pennines, Cumberland (Britten) ; Ireland, Donegal, Armagh, and 
Wicklow. 

Homalota gemina, Er. Ireland, Portmore Lough (Halbert). 

Homalota vilis, Er. Bradfield (Joy) ; Suffolk (Morley). 

Homalota laticeps, Thoms. Oxford (Chitty). 

Homxilota cavijrons. Sharp. Parbold, Southport district (Chaster and Sopp) ; 
Pennines, Cumberland (Britten) ; St. Kilda (Joy). 



224 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Homalota vicina, Steph. In the E. M. M. for 1900, p. 134, Mr. Keys describes 

bituberculate males of this species. 
Homalota soror, Kr. Ipswich (Morley) ; Colby, I. of Man (Tomlin) ; Cumber- 
land (Day). 
Homalota exilis, Er. Oxford (Walker) ; Norfolk, local (Edwards) ; Birkdale 
sandhills, common (Chaster and Sopp) ; Cumberland (Day) ; Winlaton, 
Mill, Durham (Bagnall) ; Ireland, Galway, Carlow, and Kerry. 

Homalota palleola, Er. Bradfield (Joy). 

Homalota pallens, Redt. Banks of Eden, Cumberland (Britten) ; Winlaton 
Mill, Durham (Bagnall). 

Homalota parallela, Mannh. In nests of Formica rnfa. Cumberland, Keswick 
(Britten) ; Northumberland and Durham (Bagnall) ; Nethy Bridge (Donis- 
thorpe). 

Homalota hepatica, Er. Pamber Forest (Donisthorpe) ; Oxford (Chitty) ; 
Cumberland (Britten); Ireland, Donegal. 

Homalota aquatica, Thoms. Devonshire, Buckfastleigh (de la Garde) ; 
Ireland, Armagh and Galway, Balrath, co. Meath (Donisthorpe). 

Homalota ceneicollis, Sharp. Sandown, I. of W. (J. Taylor). 

Homalota valida, Kr. Is not found in Ireland. Dalwhinnie (Joy). 

Homalota euryptera, Steph. In cossus burrows, Bentley Woods, Suffolk 
(Morley) ; Oxford (Donisthorpe) ; in the burrows of Cryptorhynclms 
lapatJii, Barrow-on-Soar, Leicestershire (Bouskell and Donisthorpe) ; 
Ireland, Armagh, Galway, and Clare. 

Homalota xanthopus, Thoms. Ireland, Antrim. 

Homalota triangulum, Kr. Ireland, Armagh (W. E. Sharp). 

Homalota ignohilis. Sharp. Bury district, Suffolk (Tuck) ; Norfolk (Edwards). 

Homalota holetobia, Th. Tubney (Collins) ; Cumberland (Day) ; Sandown, 
I. of W. (Donisthorpe). 

Homalota liturata, Steph. Lees Court, Kent (Chitty) ; Tostock (Tuck). 

Homalota coriaria, Kr. In fungus, Sandown, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Brad- 
field, in squirrels' nests (Joy) ; Bury district (Tuck) ; Norfolk (Edwards) ; 
in birds' nests, Great Salkeld (Britten) ; Ireland, Clare. 

Homalota sodalis, Er. With F. rufa. Weybridge (Donisthorpe) ; Ireland, 
Derry, in nest of Bomhus terresfris (Buckle) ; Westmeath, in fungi. 

Homalota humeralis, Kr. Newbury (Harwood) ; Forres (Chitty). 

Homalota clancula, Er. Chesham (ElHman) ; Yarnton (Walker). 

Homalota ravilla, Er. Ireland, Clare. 

Homalota palustris, Kies. Ireland, Waterford. 

Homalota corvina, Thoms. Ireland, Donegal, Armagh, and Wlcklow. 

Homalota puberula, Sharp. Wytham Park and Tubney (Walker) ; Chesham 
(EUiman) ; Charing (Chitty). 

Homalota atomaria, Kr. Norfolk (Dossetor) ; Wytham Park (Walker). 

Homalota perixigua, Sharp. Norfolk (Dossetor). 

Homalota scapularis. Sahib. Newbury (Harwood) ; Ditchling (Dollman) ; 
Oxford district (Walker) ; Huntingfield (Chitty). 

Homalota dilaticornis, Kr. Near Oxford (Walker) ; in truffles from Salisbury 
and at Bradfield (Joy). 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 225 

Homalota iesfaceipes, Heer. In old wasps' nests, Bradfield (Joy) ; in fungus, 

Sandown, 1. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Oxford district (Walker). 
Homalota oblita, Er. Tostock (Tuck) ; Tubney (Collins) ; Gelt Woods, 

Cumberland (Day). 
Homalota autumnalis, Er. Edenhall, Cumberland (Britten) ; Christow, 

Devon (de la Garde). 
Homalota mortuorum. Thorns. Cumberland (Britten) ; Dawlish (de la Garde). 
Homalota atricolor. Sharp. Ireland, Donegal, Armagh, Dublin, Carlow, and 

Wexford. 
Homalota inquinula, Er. Sandown. I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Suffolk 

(Stephens) ; Norfolk, local (Edwards) ; Scotland, Moray (Chitty). 
Homalota germana. Sharp. Ireland, Donegal and Clare. 
Homalota villosula, Kr. Oxford district (Walker) ; Ireland, Galway and 

Dublin. 
Homalota cinnamoptera, Thoms. Devonshire, Buckfastleigh (de la Garde). 
Homalota marcida, Er. Tubney ; Ireland, rare, Armagh. 
Homalota intermedia, Thoms. Suffolk (Morley) ; Norfolk, rare (Edwards). 
Homalota consanguinea, Epp. Tring (Elliman) ; in nest of L. umbratus, 

Wellington College (Donisthorpe). 
Homalota pygmcea, Grav. Oxford district (Walker) ; Ireland, Armagh and 

Dublin. 
Homalota pilosiventris, Thoms. Birkdale (Chaster) ; Ireland. Armagh and 

Carlow. 
Homalota subsinuata, Er. Southport district, common (Chaster and Sopp). 
Homalota montivagans, WoU. Ireland, Donegal. 

Homalota orbata, Er. Bentley Woods, Suffolk (Morley) ; Cumberland ; 
Ireland, Kerry. 

Ischnopoda coerulea. Sahib. Porlock (Donisthorpe) ; River Meavy, Devon- 
shire (Keys) ; Great Salkeld, Cumberland (Britten) ; Scotland, Garve, 
Ross-shire (Joy). 

Tachyusa constrida, Er. Chiddingfold (Donisthorpe) ; Fownhope, Hereford- 
shire (Tomlin) ; Cumberland ; Ireland, Derry. 

Tachyusa scitula, Er. Luccombe, I. of W. (Champion) ; Tewkesbury (Donis- 
thorpe) ; Gimingham, Norfolk (Butler) ; Scotland, River Spey (Chitty). 

Tachyusa flavitarsis. Sahib. Ireland, Derry. 

Tachyusa umbratica, Er. Chiddingfold (Donisthorpe) ; Norfolk, Waxham 
(Champion). 

Tachyusa atra, Grav. Suffolk (Morley) ; Norfolk, not common (Edwards) ; 
Mordiford, Herefordshire (Tomlin) ; Barmouth, N. Wales (Donisthorpe) ; 
Cumberland (Day) ; Ireland, Donegal, Derry, Antrim, Down, Armagh, 
Fermanagh, and Galway. 

Tachyusa concolor, Er. Richmond Park (Beare) ; Hanwell (Donisthorpe) ; 
Bradfield (Joy) ; Bredon, Worcestershire (Blatch) ; Woking (Champion). 

Myrmecopora uvida, Er. Ireland, Wicklow (Carpenter). 
Myrmecopora sulcata, Kies. Ireland, Mayo and Kerry. 



226 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Falagria sulcatula, Grav. Oxford (Walker) ; Market Bosworth, Leicester- 
shire (Donisthorpe) ; Barron Wood, Cumberland (Britten) ; Nocton, 
Lines (E. A. Waterhouse). 

Falagria thoracica, Curt. Suffolk, Kirkley (Saunders), in nest of Bomhiis 
terrestris, Bury (Tuck) ; Cothill (Collins) ; Coulsdon (Bedwell) ; Blackgang, 
I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Lundy Island (Joy) ; Sandown and Luccombe 
(Taylor) ; Ditchling (Dollman) ; Scotland, Orchardton (Douglas) ; Ireland, 
Derry, Antrim, Queen's County, and Cork. Often in rabbit burrows. 

Falagria ohscura, Grav. Ireland, common. 

Encephalus complicans, Westw. Lundy Island (Joy) ; Snowdon (Sopp and 
Tomlin) ; Doncaster (Corbett). In the E. M. M. for 190L P- 15L Mr. 
Morley writes a note on the curious manner in which the abdomen of this 
insect is carried in life. 

Gyrophcena pulchella, Heer. New Forest (Dr. Sharp) ; Hartlepool (Gardener) ; 
Scotland, Forres (Chitty) ; Buchanan Castle (Fergusson). 

Gyrophcena affinis, Mann. Ireland, Galway (Halbert). 

Gyrophcena poweri, Crotch. Epping Forest (Nicholson) ; Gumley, Leicester- 
shire (Matthews). 

Gyrophcena gentilis, Er. Ireland, Ballycastle, co. Antrim (Chaster). 

Gyrophcena nana, Payk. Sherwood Forest (Donisthorpe) ; Suffolk (Morley). 

Gyrophcena minima, Er. Ireland, Antrim and Sligo. 

Gyrophcena Icevipennis, Kr. Ireland, widely distributed. 

Gyrophcena lucidula, Er. In damp sticks, Yarnton (Walker). 

Gyrophcena manca, Er. Streatley, Berks (Joy) ; Whitham Park (Walker) ; 
Cumberland. 

Gyrophcena strictula, Er. Chiddingfold and Leighton Buzzard (Donisthorpe) ; 
Bucks (W. E. Sharp) ; Gumley, Leicestershire (Matthews) ; Hartlepool 
(Gardener) ; Cothill, Oxford (Walker). 

Agaricochara Icevipennis, Kr. Norfolk, rare (Dossetor). 

Placusa pumilio, Grav. Besselsligh, near Oxford (Walker) ; Market Bos- 
worth, Leicestershire (Donisthorpe). 

Placusa complanata, Er. Great Salkeld, Cumberland, common in burrows 
of Myelophilus piniperda, under fir bark (Britten). 

Placusa denticulata, Shp. Streatley, Berks (Joy) ; New Forest (Dr. Sharp). 

Placusa infima, Er. Cromer (Elliman). 

Epipeda plana, Gyll. In the burrows of Scolytus destructor, Cumberland 
(Britten). 

Silusa ruhiginosa, Er. Godstow, Oxford (Walker) ; Richmond Park (Chitty) ; 
Ealing (Dollman). 

Acfocharis readingii. Sharp. Mr. Keys takes it in plenty near Plymouth. 

Euryusa laticollis, Heer. Ilfracombe (Henderson) ; Windsor (Chitty). 

Leptusa analis, Gyll. Kent, Lee's Court (Chitty) ; Devonshire, Bickleigh 
and Mary Tavy (Keys) ; Gumley, Leicestershire (Matthews) ; Teesdale 
(Bagnall) ; Ireland, Antrim (Chaster). 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 227 

Sipalia testacea, Bris. Plymouth, not uncommon (Keys). 

Bolitochara lucida, Grav. Bury, Suffolk (Tuck) ; Oxford district (Walker) ; 

Kearnsey and Ouston Wood, Leicestershire (Donisthorpe) ; Cumberland. 
Bolitochara lunidata, Payk. Cumberland (Day) ; Scotland, Nethy Bridge 

(Donisthorpe). 
Bolitochara hella, Maerk. Birkdale (Chaster and Sopp). 
Bolitochara obliqna, Er. Ireland, Donegal, Antrim, Down, Armagh, and 

Fermanagh. 

Phytosus spinifer, Curt. Dawlish, Devonshire (de la Garde) ; Waxham, 
Norfolk (Champion) ; Ireland, Meath. 

Phytosus halticiis, Kr. Cloghane (Joy) ; Waxham, Norfolk (Champion) ; 
Ireland, Donegal, Longford, and Meath. 

Phytosus nigriventris, Chevr. Christchurch (Gorham) ; Poole Harbour 
(Tomlin) ; Chesil Beach (Forsyth) ; Whitsand Bay (Keys) ; Flintshire 
(Tomlin) ; Hoylake, frequent in spring and autumn in emjity egg-capsules 
of Buccinum undatmn, the common whelk (Sopp) ; Ireland, Dubhn (Kemp). 

Diglotta mersa, Hal. Milbrook, Plymouth (Keys) ; Barmouth, N. Wales 
(Donisthorpe) ; Southport district, not uncommon (Chaster and Sopp) ; 
Ireland, Down, Waterford, and Kerry. 

Diglotta submarina, Fairm. Camber, near Rye (Bennett) ; Isle of Sheppey 
(Champion) ; Weymouth (Walker) ; Altcar (Tomlin) ; Silloth, Cumber- 
land (Day) ; Dawlish Warren, Devonshire (de la Garde). 

Hygronoma dimidiata, Grav. Hanwell (Donisthorpe) ; Oxford district 
(Walker) ; Suffolk (Morley) ; Cumberland (Day) ; Ireland, Armagh 
(Johnson). 

Oligota inflata, Mann. Ireland, Donegal, Derry, Down, and Kerry. 

Oligota parva, Kr. Enfield (Pool) ; Sydenham (Donisthorpe) ; Southport 
(Chaster). 

Oligota atomaria, Er. Great Salkeld, Cumberland (Britten). 

Oligota p^mctulata, Heer. Lundy Island (Joy) ; Ireland, Dublin. Wexford, 
and Kerry. 

Oligota granaria, Er. In some numbers in company with Mycetcea hirta, 
Atomaria nigripennis, and Cryptophagi in a granary. High Holborn (Donis- 
thorpe) ; cellar in Shoe Lane (Rye) ; Redhill (Linnell) ; Plymouth (Keys) ; 
Reading (Joy) ; Cothill and Headington (Walker). 

Oligota Jlavicornis, Lac. Winlaton-on-Tyne (Bagnall). 

Mylcena dubia, Grav. Ireland, Donegal and Armagh. 

Mylcena intermedia, Er. Ireland, Armagli and Clare. 

Mylcena minuta, Grav. Richmond Park (Donisthorpe) ; Birkdale ; Ireland, 

Armagh, Sligo, and Clare. 
Mylcena kraatzii. Sharp. Yarnton (Walker) ; Chiddingfold (Donisthorpe) ; 

Ireland, Roundstone, co. Galway (Chaster). 
Jlylcena gracilis, Matth. Birkdale (Chaster and Sopp). 
Mylcena infuscata, Matth. Isle of Wight (Donisthorpe) ; Oxford district 

(Collins) ; Isle of Man (Tomlin) ; Cumberland. 



228 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Mylcena hrevicornis, Matth. Ireland, Donegal, Derry, Antrim, Armagh, and 
Kerry. 

Ctymnusa hrevicollis, Payk. Isle of Man (Tomlin) ; Ireland, Derry and 

Armagh. 
Gymtiusa variegata, Kies. Carrog, N. Wales (Beare and Donisthorpe) ; 

Ireland, Holywood, co. Down (Haliday). 

Deinopsis erosa, Matth. Richmond Park and Chiddingfold (Donisthorpe) ; 
Oxford (Walker) ; Cambridge (Dollman) ; Pulborough (G. Nicholson) ; 
Norfolk, scarce (Edwards). Described (and figured) by Matthews, from 
Weston (Ent. Mag., 1838, p. 193) ; Dawlish (de la Garde). 

Hypocyptus Imviusculus, Mannh. Dalwhinnie and Lundy Island (Joy) ; Isle 
of Wight (Donisthorpe) ; Ireland, Antrim, Carlow, and Cork. 

Hypocyptus ovulum, Heer. Bradfield (Joy) ; Gumley, Leicestershire (Matthews); 
Ainsdale (Chaster and Sopp) ; Ireland, Donegal, Armagh, and DubHn. 

Hypocyptus semimdum, Er. Cobham Park, abundant (Walker) ; near Sand- 
wich (E. A. Waterhouse) ; Suffolk (Morley) ; Norfolk, scarce (Edwards) ; 
Cumberland ; Ireland, Donegal, Armagh, and Dublin. 

Hypocyptus punctum. Mots. Wytham Park (Collins) ; New Forest (Donis- 
thorpe) ; Cumberland (Day). 

Hypocyptus apicalis, Bris. Great Salkeld, Cumberland (Britten) ; Gibside, 
Durham, and Ryde, I. of W. (Donisthorpe). 

Hypocyptus cliscoideus, Er. Redhill (Linnell) ; Sutton Broad (Beare and 
Donisthorpe). 

Conosoma immaculatum, Steph. Suffolk, rare (Morley) ; Norfolk, not common 

(Edwards) ; Camelford, N. Cornwall (Butler) ; Ireland, Shane's Castle 

(Buckle). 
Conosoma pedicularium, Grav. Yarnton (Walker) ; South Hylton, Durham 

(Bagnall) ; Ireland, Shane's Castle district. Lough Neagh (Halbert). 
Conosoma bipunctatum, Gr. In rotten wood of beech, Epping Forest (W. E. 

Sharp) ; Broxbourne (Nicholson). 

Tnchyporus obtusus, v. nitidicollis, Steph. Stoke Edith, Herefordshire, and 

Isle of Man (Tomlin). 
Tachyporus formosus, Matth. DitchUng (Dollman) ; Bradfield, Berks, and 

Lundy Island (Joy) ; Knowle, Warwickshire (EUis) ; Ipswich (Morley) ; 

Rossbeigh, co. Kerry (Donisthorpe) ; Scotland, Ayr (Fergusson), Lag, 

Arran (W. Evans). 
Tachyporus solutus, Er. Cumberland ; Lundy Island (Wollaston) ; Isle of 

Man (Tomhn). 
Tachyporus pallidus, Sharp. Kibworth, Leicestershire (Miss M. E. Whitton) ; 

Cumberland ; West Malvern (Tomlin) ; Ireland, Roscommon and Water- 
ford. 
Tachyporus hiimerosus, Er. Ireland, Donegal, Derry, Antrim, Fermanagh, 

Cavan, Dublin, and Kerry. 
Tachyporus tersus, Er. New Forest (Chitty) ; Derwent Valley (Bagnall) ; 

Richmond Park, not uncommon (Dollman) ; Ireland, widely distributed. 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 229 

Tacky ponts transversalis, Grav. Black Pond, Esher, in plenty (Beare and 
Donisthorpe) ; Sheen Common (Dollman) ; Norfolk, scarce (Edwards) ; 
Yarnton (Walker). It is not found in Ireland. 

Lamprinus saginatus, Grav. With Formica sanguinea, Weybridge (Donis- 
thorpe) ; with Lasius flavus. Charing, Kent (Chitty) ; Lundy Island (Joy 
and Tomlin) ; with Formica fusca. New Forest, and Myrmica ruginodis, 
near Oxford (Walker) ; Bradfield (Joy) ; Scotland, Nethy Bridge (Beare), 
Forres (W. E. Sharp) ; Ireland, Armagh and Dublin. 

Cilea silphoides, Jj. Ireland, Armagh and Fermanagh. 

Tachinus rufipennis, Gyll. Dartmoor (Keys) ; Cumberland (Day). 

Tarhinus flavipes, F. Redstone, Surrey (Linnell) ; Cusop Dingle, Hereford- 
shire (Tomlin) ; Grimsby (Wallace). 

Tachinus proximus, Kr. Cumberland (Britten and Day). 

Tachinus pallipes, Grav. Bardon Hill, Leicestershire (F. Bates) ; New Forest 
(Donisthorpe) ; Niton, I. of W. (Mitford) ; Ireland, Donegal and Derry. 

Tachinus scapidaris, Steph. Keswick, Cumberland (Britten) ; Weybridge 
(Donisthorpe) ; Reading (Tomlin) ; Oxford (Walker). 

Tachinus hipustulatus, F. Richmond Park, Enfield, and Ryde, I. of W. 
(Donisthorpe) ; New Forest (Walker) ; Woking (Champion) ; Ealing 
(Dollman). 

Tachinus laticollis, Grav. . Ireland, widely distributed. 

Tachinus coUaris, Grav. Norfolk, not uncommon (Edwards). 

Tachinus dongatus, Gyll. Boar's Hill, Oxford (Holland) ; N. Wales, Snow- 
don (Sopp and Tomlin), Carrog (Donisthorpe) ; Cumberland ; Ireland, 
Donegal and Wicklow. 

Jlegacronus cinqulatus, Mann. Wimbledon Common, Braunton Burrows, 
and Cobinshaw, near Edinburgh, in plenty (Beare) ; Woking (Chamj^ion) ; 
Cobham Park and Wytham Park (Walker) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; Col- 
borne, I. of W. (Pool) ; Bradgate Park, Leicestershire (Donisthorpe) ; 
Cumberland (Britten) ; Grimsby (Wallace) ; Ireland, Donegal, Fermanagh, 
Roscommon, and Cork. 

Jlegacronus analis, F. Ireland, not uncommon. 

Jlegacronus inclinans, Grav. Wimbledon Common and Pulborough (G. 
Nicholson) ; Shere (Bedwell) ; Epping Forest (Dollman) ; Cobham Park 
(Walker) ; Hen Wood. Oxford (Holland) ; New Forest (Donisthor]ie) ; 
Suffolk (Morley) ; Gibside, Durham (Bagnall) ; Snowdon (P. H. Jackson). 

Bryoporus cernuus, Gr. Bardon Hill, Leicestershire (F. Bouskell). 

Bryoporus rugipennis, Pard. Fionn Bheinn, N.B. (Joy). 

Bolitobius eroletus, Er. Ireland, widely distributed. 

M ycetoporus lucidus, Er. Wood Eaton (Walker) ; Bucks (W. E. Sharp) ; 
Snowdon; Cumberland; Gibside (Bagnall) ; Ireland, Armagh (Johnson). 

M ycetoporus splendens. Marsh. Ireland, Clare and Cork. 

Mycetoporiis punctus, Gyll. Richmond Park (Dollman) ; Newbury (Har- 
wood) ; Bradfield (Joy) ; Oxford district (Walker) ; Snowdon (Sopp and 
Tomlin) ; Cumberland ; Winlaton (Bagnall). 



230 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Mijcetoporus lepidus, Grav. Ireland, Donegal and Clare. 

Mycetoporus longulus, Mann. Donegal, Coolmore, Armagh, Clare, and Kerry, 

Mi/cctoporus nanus, Er. Birkdale and Crosby (Southport List) ; Ireland, 

Donegal, Derry, and Armagh. 
Mijc^toporus monticola, Fow. Ben Wyvis, Ross-shire (Joy) ; Ben-na-Buird, 

Aberdeenshire (Donisthorpe). 
Mycetoporus angularis, Rey. Sandown, I. of W. (Taylor) ; Dawlish (de la 

Garde) ; Southport (Chaster) ; Ireland, Antrim, Down, Wicklow, and 

Clare. 
Mycetoporus clavicornis, Steph. Parkhurst Forest and Luccombe Chine, I. 

of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Waxham, Norfolk (Champion) ; Birkdale (Chaster 

and Sopp) ; Ireland, Donegal and Galway. 
Mycetoporus clavicornis, v. forticornis, Fauv. Warwickshire (Blatch and 

Ellis) ; Tubney (Donisthorpe) ; New Forest (DoUman). 
Mycetoporus splendidiis, Grav. Freshney Bog, Lines (Wallace) ; Axwell 

Park, Durham (Bagnall) ; Ireland, widely distributed. 
Mycetoporus longicornis, Kr. Ledbury and West Malvern (Tomlin) ; Wood 

Eaton (Walker) ; Wicken Fen (Donisthorpe) ; Bradfield (Joy). 

Habrocerus capillaricornis, Grav. Sandown, I. of W. (Donisthorpe and 
Taylor) ; Bentley Woods, Suffolk (Morley) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; Ply- 
mouth (Keys) ; Cumberland ; Alford, Lines (Wallace) ; Southport district 
(Chaster) ; Ireland, Donegal. 

Trichophya pilicornis, Gyll. Bradfield (Joy) ; Chobham Common (Donis- 
thorpe). 

Euryporus picipes, Payk. Herefordshire (Tomlin) ; Hambleton, Bucks, and 
Crowborough, Sussex (W. E. Sharp) ; Yarnton (Holland) ; Cumberland : 
Rannoch (Nicholson) ; Nethy Bridge (Beare) ; Garve, Ross-shire (Joy). 

Heterotliops binotata, Er. Ipswich district (Morley) ; Whitley (Bagnall) ; 
Ireland, Donegal, Down, Louth, and Dublin ; Rossbeigh, co. Kerry (Donis- 
thorpe). 

Heterotliops prcevia, Er. Bradfield (Joy) ; Teignmouth (de la Garde) ; Lundj'- 
Island (Joy and Tomlin) ; Snowdon (Donisthorpe) ; Norfolk, rare (Ed- 
wards) ; Great Salkeld, Cumberland (Britten). 

Heterotliops dissimilis, Grav. Ireland, Donegal and Waterford. 

Vdleius dilatatus, F. Suffolk (Henslow) ; Bury district (Tuck) ; Cokethorpe 
Park (Stone, Ent. Week. Intell., Nov. 3, 1860) ; a <? , one of twelve speci- 
mens taken in traps near hornets' nests in the New Forest by Mr. H. 
Donisthorpe in 1 901 , measures 32 mm. in length. 

Quedius longicornis, Kr. Bradfield, in moles' nests (Joy) ; very widely 

distributed in moles' nests ; Llanberis (Bedwell) ; Sandown, I. of W. 

(J. Taylor) ; Ireland, Mount Talbot, co. Roscommon (Hon. R. E. Dillon). 
Quedius microps, Grav. Epping (Pool) ; Bradfield (Joy) ; Oxford (Walker) ; 

Tewkesbury (Donisthorpe) ; Stoke Edith Park, Herefordshire (Dr. Wood) ; 

Gibside, Durham (Bagnall). 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 231 

Qnedhis ventralis, Ar. Enfield (Pool) ; Ealing (Dollman) ; Bradfield (Joy) ; 
Tewkesbury and Freshwater, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Chilswell Farm, 
near Oxford (M. Jacoby). 

Quedius fulgidus, F. Ditchling, common in cow-sheds (Dollman) ; Ireland, 
Down, Armagh, Mayo, Louth, and Kerry. 

Quedius puncticoUis, Thorns. Sevenoaks (Donisthorpe) ; Oxford (Walker) ; 
Bradfield, in wasps' nests (Joy) ; Bury district, in wasps' nests (Tuck) ; 
Ince, Cheshire, in wasp's nest (Newstead) ; Birkdale (Chaster) ; Cumber- 
land ; Ireland, frequent. 

Quedius hrevirornis, Thoms. Enfield, in bird's nest (Pool) ; Bradfield, &c., 
in birds' nests (Joy) ; Bury district, in nest of Vespa germanica (Tuck) ; 
Oxford district (Walker). 

Quedius xanthopus, Er. Porlock (Blatch) ; Crowcombe (Nicholson). 

Quedius scitus, Grav. Coddenham, Suffolk (Fox) ; Tewkesbury, in old poplar 
in company with Q. micro ps, Abneus, and Plegaderus. &c. (Donisthorpe) ; 
Grantchester (Dollman) ; Fen Ditton, Cambridge (Nicholson) ; Oxford 
(Walker) ; Edenhall, Cumberland (Britten). 

Quedius hrevis,FjV. With Formica rufa. Weybridge (Donisthorpe) ; Waltham- 
stow (Butler) ; Tubney (Collins) ; Colchester (Harwood) ; Chopwell, Dur- 
ham, and Corbridge-on-Tyne (Bagnall) ; with Lasius fuliginosus, Oxshott, 
in plenty (Donisthorpe) ; Wellington College (Joy) ; in bees' nests, Tostock 
(Tuck) ; Ireland, in F. rufa nest, Caragh Lake, co. Kerry (Bouskell). 

Quedius fuliginosus, Grav. Ireland, common. 

Quedius tristis, Grav. Is common in Scotland, Arthur's Seat, and North 
Queensferry, &c. (Beare) ; Orchardton, common (Douglas). 

Quedius picipes, Mann. Ireland, widely distributed. 

Quedius nigriceps, Kr. Balrath, co. Meath, Ireland (G. Nicholson). 

Quedius fumatus, Steph. Ireland, Antrim, Armagh, Fermanagh, Wicklow, 
Cork, and Kerry. 

Quedius maurorufus, Grav. Ireland, Donegal, Antrim, Armagh, Fermanagh, 
Sligo, and Dublin. 

Quedius umbrinus, Er. Chiddingfold, Surrey (Donisthorpe) ; Crowcombe, 
Somerset (G. Nicholson) ; Snowdon (Sopp and Tomlin) ; Grimsby (Wallace) ; 
Ireland, Antrim, Fermanagh, Galwa}', and Dublin. 

Quedius suturalis, Kies. Gravesend (Donisthorpe) ; Gibside (Bagnall). 

Quedius scintillans, Grav. Oulton Broad (Bedwell) ; Birkdale and Southport 
(Chaster and Sopp) ; Ireland, Donegal and Derry, in carrion (Buckle) ; 
Armagh (Johnson). 

Quedius auricomus, Kies. Cusop Dingle, Herefordshire (Tomlin) ; Plymouth 
district (Keys) ; Gelt Woods, Cumberland (Donisthorpe) ; Ireland, Fer- 
managh and Sligo. 

Quedius rufipes, Grav. Isle of Mull (Tomlin) ; Ireland, widely distributed. 

Quedius attenuafus, Gyll. Ireland, common. 

Quedius semicenus, Steph. Isle of Mull (Tomlin) ; Ireland, common. 

Ouedionuchus Icevigatus, Gyll. Bury district, Suffolk (Tuck) ; Gibside, 
Durham, under beech bark (Bagnall). 



232 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Creophilus maxillosus, L., v. ciliaris, Steph. Ashtead, Surrey (Donisthorpe) ; 
Whitsand Bay (Keys) ; Winlaton-on-Tyne (Bagnall) ; Ireland, common. 

Emus hirtus, L. Redruth, near Lizard Point, autumn, 1881 (Jenkin) ; Sitting- 
bourne, May 30, 1896 (Carr) : sixteen specimens taken by Dr. Cameron 
in the Sheerness district in 1909. 

Leistotrophus nebulosus, F. Ireland, rare, Antrim, Down, Armagh, Fer- 
managh, and Roscommon. The under-side of the elytra in Leistotrophus 
is of a beautiful peacock blue. 

Leistotrophus murinus, \j. Ireland, local, Donegal, Antrim, Down, Armagh, 
Wexford, Cork, and Kerry. 

Staphylinus pubescens, De G. New Forest (Donisthorpe) ; Bagley Wood 

(Holland) ; Norfolk, scarce (Edwards) ; Isle of Man (Tomlin) ; Ireland, 

common. 
Staphylinus fulvipes. Scop. Pamber Forest (Donisthorpe) ; Buckfastleigh, 

Devonshire (de la Garde) ; Chippenham Fen (Gorham) ; Holme Fen 

(Janson) ; Sherwood Forest (Blatch) ; Scotland, Rannoch (Theodore Wood). 
Staphylinus stercorarius, 01. In nests of Lasius flavus, Blackgang and 

Sandown, I. of W., with Myrmica scabrinodis. Forth Bridge (Donisthorpe) ; 

in nest of Myrmica ruginodis, Rannoch (Walker). 
Staphylinus latebricola, Grav. Chattenden and Wigmore Wood (Walker) ; 

Mickleham (W. E. Sharp) ; Ferry Hinksey (Holland) ; Barham, Suffolk 

(Curtis) ; Scotland, Rannoch (Nicholson). 
Staphylinus erythropterus, L. Aldeburgh, Suffolk (Garneys) ; Norfolk, rare. 

Horning (Edwards) ; Snowdon (Sopp) ; Cumberland. 

Ocypus similis, F. Shirley, Surrey, Pevensey, Sussex, and Buddon Wood, 

Leicestershire (Donisthorpe) ; Suffolk, Bentley Woods (Morley) ; Bury 

district (Tuck) ; Doncaster (Corbett) ; Cumberland: Ireland, near Belfast. 
Ocypus cyaneus, Payk. Godalming, Surrey (Pollock) ; Suffolk, Bury St. 

Edmunds (Norgate) ; Norfolk, Mousehold Heath and Lakenham (Edwards), 

Drayton (Thouless) ; Scotland, Nairn (Yerbury), Grantown-on-Spey 

(Bishop). 
Ocypiis fuscatus, Grav. Wicken Fen (Donisthorpe) ; Christ Church Meadow, 

Oxford (F. Holme) ; Cumberland ; Winlaton-on-Tyne (Bagnall). 
Ocypus pedator, Grav. Cuxton Downs (Walker) ; Isle of Wight, Freshwater 

(Champion), Sandown (Donisthoi'pe) ; Swanage (Rye) ; St. Margaret's 

Bay (Bedwell) ; Norfolk, very rare (Paget). 
Ocypus ater, Grav. Inland records : Penge (Donisthorpe) ; Oxford (Walker) ; 

Winlaton (Bagnall). Yarmouth, I. of W., common (Donisthorpe) ; Lundy 

Island (Joy). 
Ocypus compressus. Marsh. Isle of Wight, Sandown (Beare), Blackgang 

(Donisthorpe) ; Lundy Island (WoUaston) ; Epping Forest (Nicholson) ; 

Leighton Buzzard (Crawshay) ; Grimsby (A. Smith) ; Ireland, local, but 

widely distributed. 

Philonthus splendens. F. Donegal, Antrim, Armagh, Fermanagh, Limerick, 
Cork, and Kerry, 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 233 

Philonthus intermedins, Boisd. Lundy Island (Wollaston) ; Cumberland ; 
Ireland, frequent. 

Philonthus proximus, Kr, Donegal, Antrim, Down, Armagh, Fermanagh. 
Mayo, Galway, Dublin, and Kerry. 

Philonthus addendus. Sharp. Doncaster (Corbett) ; Herefordshire (Tomlin) ; 
near Oxford (Walker) ; Ireland, Donegal, Down, Armagh, Fermanagh, 
Cavan, Dublin, Wicklow, Carlow, Wexford, Waterford, Kerry, and Meath. 

Philonthus carbonarius, Gyll. South Brent, Devonshire (de la Garde) ; Grimsby 
(Wallace) ; Cumberland ; Ireland, Donegal, Antrim, Armagh, Fermanagh, 
Cavan, and Dublin. 

Philonthus scutatus, Er. Ireland, Ballycastle, co. Antrim (Tomlin). 

Philonthus decorus, Grav. Ireland, common. 

Philonthus lucens, Er. Chobham (Champion) ; Redhill Common (Linnell) ; 
Sandown, I. of W. (Taylor) ; Alverstone, I. of W. (Ellis) ; Berkshire (Joy) ; 
Oxford district (Holland) ; Bentley Woods (Morley) ; Oulton Broad (Bed- 
well) ; Kirby Bedon (Edwards) ; Leidr Valley, X. Wales (W. E. Sharp) ; 
Scotland, Nethy Bridge (Donisthorpe) ; Ireland, Donegal, Armagh, Fer- 
managh, and Cavan. 

Philonthus lepidus, Grav. Bury district (Tuck) ; Ireland, Sligo (Johnson). 

Philonthus albipes, Grav. Lundy Island (Joy and Tomlin) ; Cusoj] Dingle, 
Herefordshire ; Oxford district (Donisthorpe) ; Pulborough (Nicholson) ; 
Grimsby (Wallace) ; Ireland, Donegal, Fermanagh, Louth, Dublin, Water- 
ford, and Meath. 

Philonthus umbratilis, Grav. Pulborough (G. Nicholson) ; Bucks (W. E. 
Sharp) ; Bentley Woods, Suffolk (Morley) ; East Rudham, Norfolk (Wood) ; 
South Brent, Devonshire (de la Garde) : Ireland, Donegal, Antrim, Armagh, 
Fermanagh, Dublin, Clare, Kerry, and Meath. 

Philonthus cephalotes, Grav. Lundy Island (Joy) ; Grimsby (Wallace) ; Ireland, 
widely distributed. 

Philonthus nigriventris, Th. Bardon Hill and Bradgate Park, Leicestershire 
(F. Bates) ; South Brent, Devon (de la Garde). 

Philonthus fuscus, Grav. In birds' nests. Epping Forest (Donisthorpe and 
Pool) ; Chatham and Cobham Park (Walker) ; Huntingfield (Chitty) ; 
Bradfield, &c. (Joy) ; Woolton Hill (Donisthorpe) ; Osterlej^ Middlesex 
(W. E. Sharp) ; Wytham (Collins) ; Pulborough (G. Nicholson) ; Coulsdon 
(Bedwell) ; Ditchhng (Dollman). 

Philonthus ebeninus, Grav. Ireland, common. 

Philonthus ebeninus, v. corruscus, Gr. Bradfield (Joy) ; Llandaff and 
Ledbury (Tomlin) ; Sandown, I. of W. (Taylor) ; Ditchling (Dollman). 

Philonthus corvinus, Er. Penrith, Cumberland (Day) ; Ireland, Monaghan 
(Johnson). 

Philonthus fumigatus, Er. Lymington Salterns (Donisthorpe) ; Bucks (W. E. 
Sharp). 

Philonthus debilis, Grav. Ireland, Fermanagh and Dublin. 

Philonthus sanguinolentus, Grav. Ireland, common. 

Philonthus cruentatus, Gmel. Ireland, Donegal, Antrim, Louth, and Water- 
ford. 



234 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Philonthus longicornis, Steph. Ireland, Donegal, Fermanagh, Meath, and 
Dublin. 

Philonthus agilis, Grav. Pulborough, Fen Ditton, &c. (G. Nicholson) ; Lundy 
Island (Joy). 

Philonthus vernalis, Grav. Cothill (Collins) ; Weybridge [^(Donisthorpe) ; 
Lundy Island (Joy and Tomlin) ; Southwold (Morley) ; Cumberland ; 
Ireland, Donegal and Kerry. 

Philonthus ventralis, Grav. Chiddingfold (Donisthorpe) ; Suffolk (Morley) ; 
Alphington and Pulborough (G. Nicholson) ; Southport district (Chaster 
and Sopp) ; Ireland, Donegal, Armagh, Fermanagh, and Wexford. 

Philonthus quisquiliarius, Gyll. Very common on the banks of the reservoirs 
in Leicestershire, Cropstone, Thornton, &c. (Bouskell) ; Suffolk, Felixstowe 
(Morley) ; Norfolk (Edwards) ; Scotland, Loch Leven, abundant (Beare) ; 
Ireland, common in the north and west. 

Philonthus splendidulus, Gray. Ireland, Kerry. 

Philonthus ihermarum, Aube. Summertown (Walker) ; Snowdon (Sopp 
and Tomlin) ; Yelverton (Keys) ; Ireland, Down. 

Philonthus nigrita, Nord. Oulton Broad (Bedwell) ; Norfolk, Ringland 
(Edwards) ; Snowdon ; Cumberland ; Mull (Tomlin) ; Ireland, widely 
distributed. 

Philonthus fmnarius, Grav. Ireland, Armagh, Fermanagh, Cavan, and 
Galway. 

Philonthus micans, Grav. Suffolk, Brandon (Morley) ; Norfolk, common in 
marshes (Edwards) ; Birkdale (Chaster and Sopp) ; Barmouth (Donis- 
thorpe) ; Ireland, Donegal, Armagh, Fermanagh, Galway, DubHn, and 
Wicklow. 

Philonthus astutus, Er. Plymouth (Keys). 

Philonthus nigritulus, Grav. Oxford district ; Gumley, Leicestershire 
(Matthews) ; Southport, not uncommon (Chaster and Sopp) ; Ireland, not 
uncommon (Johnson and Halbert). 

Philonthus fulvipes, F. Suffolk (Morley) ; Glyn Ceiriog (Tomlin) ; Denbigh- 
shire and Carnarvonshire (W. E. Sharp). 

Philonthus puella, Nord. Reigate (Linnell) ; Oxford district (Collins) ; 
Abergwessin and Llanbedr (Attle) ; Yelverton (Keys) ; Ledbury, Hereford 
(Tomlin). 

Philonthus pullus. Candleston, Glamorgan (Tomlin). 

Cafius cicafricosus, Er. Ryde, I. of W. (Ford). 

Cafius fucicola, Curtis. Ireland, locally common. 

Cafius sericeus, Holme. Ireland, Strangford Lough, Down. 

Actobiiis cinerascens, Grav. Cumberland ; Ireland, Donegal and Armagh. 
Actobius signaticornis, Rey. Oxford (Walker) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; Rye 

(Bennett) ; Christow (de la Garde) ; River Cadder, Cumberland (Day). 
Actobius villosulus, Steph. Chiddingfold (Donisthorpe) ; Luccombe, I. of W. 

(Champion) ; Suffolk, Sproughton and Ipswich (Morley). 
Actobius procerulus, Grav. Newbury (Harwood) ; Tubney (Holland) ; 

Ipswich and Little Blakenham (Morley) ; Tewkesbury (Donisthorpe) ; 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES,' NOTES, ETC. 235 

Southport, not uncommon (Chaster and Sopp) ; Cumberland ; Ireland, 
Down and Cork. 

Xaniliolinus fulgidus, F. Enfield (Pool) ; Shirley (Donisthorpe) ; Ijjswich 
(Morley) ; Norfolk, sparingly (Edwards) ; Ireland, Dublin. 

Xantholinus ochraceus, Gyll. Ireland, frequent. 

Xaniholinus atratus, Heer. With Formica rufa. Wigmore Wood, Kent 
(Walker) ; Lord's Wood, Southampton (Donisthorpe). and by sweeping 
at Abingdon ; Tubney (Collins) ; Symond's Yat (Tomlin). 

Xantholinus glaber, Xord. Enfield (Pool) ; Cobham Park (Walker) ; Hunting- 
field (Chitty) ; Grantchester (Dollman). 

Xantholinus tricolor, F. Wallingford, Berks (Donisthorpe) ; Tubney, near 
Oxford (Walker) ; Cambridge and Gravesend, in mole's nest (Nicholson) ; 
Suft'olk, uncommon (Morley) ; Cromer (Wood) ; Gumley, Market Bos- 
worth, &c., Leicestershire ; Devereux Pools, Herefordshire (Dr. Wood) ; 
Ireland, not common, but widely distributed. 

Xantholinus distans, Kr. Kelton, near Dumfries (Donisthorpe) ; Thurso, 
Caithness (Thornley). 

Niidobius lentus, Er. Peebles (Black). 

Leptacinus parumpunctatus, Gyll. Bury district (Tuck) ; Southport (Chaster 

and Sopp) ; Oxford district (Walker) ; Ditchling (Dollman) ; Grimsby 

(Wallace). 
Leptacinus linearis, Grav. Ireland, widely distributed. 
Leptacinus forynicetorum, Maerk. With Formica rufa. Oxshott and Wey- 

bridge (Donisthorpe) ; Wigmore Wood (Walker) ; Colchester (Harwood) ; 

WeUington College (Joy) ; Tubney (Collins) ; Bentley Woods (Morley) ; 

Cumberland ; Northumberland and Durham (Bagnall). 

Baptolinus alternans, Grav. Donegal, Antrim, Armagh, Fermanagh, Cork, 
and Kerry. 

Ofhious Iceviusculus, Steph. Ireland, Donegal, Antrim, Meath, Westmeath, 

and Kerry. 
Othious mynnecophilus, Kies. With Formica exsecta, Bournemouth, with 

Formica sanguinea, Nethy Bridge (Donisthorpe). 

Lathrohium rufipenne, Gyll. All Blatch's records of this species refer to 
L. Icevipenne, Heer. Delamere Forest (Dutton) ; near Brigg, Lincolnshire 
(J. Coe). 

Lathrohium angustatum, Lac. Oxfordshire, Wytham Park (Collins) ; Dorset, 
Upwey (Donisthorpe), Isle of Portland (Forsyth), Chapman's Pool 
(Jackson) ; Cornwall (Keys) ; Devonshire (de la Garde). 

Lathrohium longulum, Grav. Suffolk, rare (Morley) ; Oulton Broad (Bed- 
well) ; Birkdale, not common (Chaster and Sopp) ; Ireland, Armagh, 
Fermanagh. Galway, and King's County. 

Lathrohium fovulum, Steph. Oxford district (Collins) ; Durham, Winlaton 
(Bagnall) ; Wicken Fen (Donisthorpe) ; Ireland, Dunmore, co. Waterford 
(Walker). 



236 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

LathroUum pundaium, Zett. Pennines, Cumberland (Day) ; Upper Teesdale, 
Yorks (Thompson) ; not uncommon near Edinburgh (Beare) ; Wigtown- 
shire (Gordon) ; Dalwhinnie (Joy). 

The synonymy of Lathrobium fovnlum and punctatum is as follows : 

L. fovulum, Steph. 

punctatum, Brit. Cat., Er., Fowler, nee Zett. 
L. punctatum, Zett. 

atripalpe, Brit. Cat., Fowler, nee Scriba. 

See (Donisthorpe) Ent. Rec, 1903, p. 180. 

Lathrobium filiforme, Grav. Ruislip Reservoir (Dollman) ; Wicken Fen and 
Herringstone, Dorset (Beare and Donisthorpe) ; Burwell Fen (Nicholson) ; 
near Oxford (Walker) ; Gumley, Leicestershire (Matthews) ; Grimsby 
(Wallace) ; Ireland, Fermanagh and Clare. 

Lathrobium quadratum, Payk. Herringstone, Dorset (Beare and Donis- 
thorpe) ; Christow, Devon (de la Garde) ; Herefordshire (Tomlin) ; Wax- 
ham, Norfolk (Champion) ; Ireland, widely distributed. 

Lathrobium terminatum, v. immaculatum. Fowler, is the common form in 
Ireland, the type being rare. Not uncommon in a bog near Great Salkeld, 
Cumberland ; the type does not occur (Britten). An immaculate form 
taken at Carrog, N. Wales (Donisthorpe), with apical joints of the palpi 
black, is, according to Mons. Fauvel, an exact transition between the true 
atripalpe, Scriba, and quadratum, Payk. 

Lathrobium terminatum, v. atripalpe, Scriba. Snowdonian mountains (W. E. 
Sharp) ; Scotland, not uncommon ; Nethy Bridge (Donisthorpe), »S:c. 

Lathrobium pallidum., Nord. Cromer (Elhman) ; Water Eaton, near Oxford 
(Walker) ; River Rother, Sussex (Joy). 

Lathrobium multipunctatum, Grav. Ireland, widely distributed. 

Lathrobium angusticolle, Lac. Cardiff (Tomlin). 

Achenium depressum, Grav. Chiddingfold, Surrey (Donisthorjje) ; Suffolk, 
Felixstowe (Walker), Trimley Marshes (Morley) ; Oxford (Walker). 

Achenium humile, Nic. Whitstable (Chitty) ; Oxford (Walker) ; Trimley 
Marshes (Morley) ; Salthouse (Edwards) ; near Grimsby (Wallace). 

Cryptobium glaberrimum, Herbst. Birkdale (Chaster and Sopp) ; Cumber- 
land (Day) ; Durham (Bagnall). 

Stilicus fragilis, Grav. Shirley, in faggot stacks, in plenty, one specimen 
with black thorax (Donisthorpe) ; Woking (Champion) ; Wicken Fen 
(Donisthorpe and Nicholson) ; Sandown, I. of W. (Taylor). 

Stilicus orbiculatus, Payk. N. Cornwall (Butler) ; Freshney Bog, Lines 
(Wallace). 

Stilicus similis, Er. Devonshire (de la Garde) ; Alphington (Nicholson) ; 
Ireland, Dublin (Farren). 

Stilicus suhtilis, Er. Ditchling (Dollman) ; Knighton, Leicester (Headley) ; 
Roughton, near Cromer (Beare) ; Llandaff, S. Wales (Tomlin) ; Pulborough 
and Welford (Nicholson). 

Stilicus affinis, Er. Scotland, Peebles district, in profusion (Black). 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 237 

Stilicus genieulatus, Er. Dorking (Nicholson) ; Suffolk, Barnby (Bedwell). 

Scopceu,^ erichsoni, Kol. Whitstable (Chitty). 

Scopceus sulcicollis, Steph. Cumnor, near Oxford (Collins) ; Bradfield (Joy) ; 

Cromer (Elliman) ; Plymouth (Keys) ; Gumley, I>eicestershire (Matthews) ; 

Cumberland (Day) ; Porthkerry, S. Wales (Tomlin). 

Merlon castaneus. Grav. Richmond Park (Beare) ; Redhill (Brewer) ; Fox« 

hall Plateau, Suffolk (Morley) ; Sandown. 1. of W. (Taylor) ; in moles" 

nests, Guildford, Woking. Mickleham. Oxford. &c. 
Medon dilutus, Er. New Forest (Walker) ; Tubney Wood, near Oxford 

(Collin.^). 
Medon piceus, Kr. Bookham, Surrey (Chitty). 
Medon fusculus, Mann. Sandown, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; in moles' nests, 

Coulsdon (Bedwell). 
Medon ripicola, Kr. Hastings district (Bennett) ; Bembridge, I. of W. 

(Elhs) ; Plymouth, not uncommon (Keys) ; Isle of Man (Tomlin) ; Kew 

(Nicholson). 
Medon apicalis, Kr. Newbury (Harwood) ; Water Eaton, near Oxford 

(Walker) ; Gumley, Leicestershire (Matthews). 
Medon propinquus, Bris. Ireland, common. 
Medon melanocephalus, F. Ireland, not Belfast. 
Medon hicolor, 01. With Lasius flavus, Sandown, I. of W., and Eastbourne 

(Donisthorpe) ; Scilly (Joy). 
Medon ohsolefiis, Nord. Reigate (Linnell) ; Wood Eaton (Walker) ; Birkdale 

sandhills, abundant (Chaster and Sopp) ; Cumberland (Britten) ; Durham 

(Bagnall) ; Ireland, Dubhn. 

Suniiis filiformis, Latr. Hastings district (Bennett) ; Studland (Donis- 
thorpe) ; Whitsand Bay (Keys) ; Dawlish (de la Garde) ; St. Issey, Corn- 
wall (Donisthorpe) ; Gumley (Matthews). 

Sitnius infermedius, Er. Oddington (Walker) ; Weymouth (Forsyth). 

Sunius diversus, Aube. Ranworth, Norfolk (Edwards) ; Oxford district 
(Walker). 

Pcederus lUioralis, Grav. Ireland, Roscommon. 

Pcederus riparius, L. Southport district, generally distributed (Chaster and 

Sopp) ; Ireland, rare, Down, Wicklow, Wexford, Waterford, and Kerry. 
Pcederus fuscipes, Curt. Ireland, locally common. 
Pcederus caliqatus, Er. Studland (Donisthorpe) ; Ireland, Wexford (Johnson). 

Evcesthefiis scaher, Thoms. Aldham, Suffolk (Spence) ; Norfolk (Denny) ; 
Market Bosworth, Leicestershire (Donisthorpe) ; Llandaff, S. Wales 
(Tomlin) ; Grimsby (Wallace) ; Ireland, Kenmare, co. Kerry (Halbert). 

Evcesthetus ruficapillus, liac. Barton Moss (Chaster and Sopp) ; Bog of 
Arthog, N. Wales (Donisthorpe) ; Cumberland ; Ireland, Armagh (Donis- 
thorpe). 

Evcesthetus keviusculus, Mannh. Cumberland ; Ireland, Galway (Halbert). 

Dianous co^rulescens, Gyll. Ireland, Antrim, Dowm, Armagh, Dublin, and 
Cork ; Rossbeigh, co. Kerry (Bouskell and Donisthorpe). 



238 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Stenus bipunctatus, Er. Ipswich (Morley) ; Kerne Bridge, Herefordshire 

(Tomlin) ; Cambridge (Dolhuan). The Irish record is doubtful. 
Stenus guttula, Miill. Kew (Dolhuan) ; Ireland, not uncommon. 
Stenus bimaculatus, Gyll. Antrim, Armagh, Cavan, Limerick, Waterford, 

and Kerry. 
Stemis asphaltinus, Er. Cobham and New Forest (Champion). 
Stenus ater, Mann. Cothill, near Oxford (Walker) ; Gumley, Leicestershire 

(Matthews) ; Southport district, not uncommon ; Ireland, Fermanagh. 
Stenus longitarsis, Thoms. Woking and Yarnton (Walker) ; Burford Bridge 

(Power) ; Trowse, Norfolk (Edwards). 
Stenus guynemeri, Duv. Lundy Island (Joy and Tomlin) ; Snowdon (Sopp) ; 

Gelt Woods, Cumberland (Donisthorpe) ; Gibside and Egglestone, Durham 

(Bagnall) ; Ireland, Sligo. 
Stenus lustrator, Er. Chobham, Surrey, and Waxham, Norfolk (Champion) ; 

Ireland, summit of Slievemore (Halbert). 
Stenus melanopus, Marsh. Ireland, Antrim and Galway. 
Stenus incrassatus, Er. Richmond Park (Donisthorpe) ; Camber (Bennett) ; 

Norfolk, Waxham (Champion) ; East Rudham (Wood) ; Boston, Lines 

(E. C. Rye) ; Stoke Edith Park, Herefordshire (Tomlin) ; Ditehling (Doll- 
man) ; Ireland, Sligo (Johnson) ; Shane's Castle, Lough Neagh (Halbert). 
Stenus melanarius, Steph. Black Pond, Esher (Beare and Donisthorpe) ; 

Bungay (Garneys) ; Holme Lacy and Stoke Edith, Herefordshire (Tomlin) ; 

Bovey Tracey (Keys) ; Ireland, Derry. 
Stenus morio, Grav. Redhill (Linnell) ; Battle (Donisthorpe) ; Leith Hill 

(E. A. Butler) ; Suffolk (Morley). 
Stenus atratulus, Er. Reigate (Linnell) ; Gimingham, Norfolk (Butler) ; Suffolk 

(Morley) ; llfracombe (Chitty) ; Yarnton (Walker) ; Braunton (de la Garde). 
Stenus canaliculatus, Gyll. Norfolk, East Rudham (Wood) ; Hornsea Mere 

(Stainforth) ; Ireland, Donegal, Derry, Armagh, and Dublin. 
Stenus nitens, Steph. Ireland, Armagh only. 
Stenus pusillus, Er. Ireland, Donegal, Antrim, and Kerry. 
Stenus exiguus,YjV. Birkdale (Chaster) ; Wicken Fen (Donisthorpe) ; Ireland, 

Antrim. 
Stenus fuscipes, Grav. Oxford district ; Cumberland ; Ireland, Down. 

Galway, and Kerry. 
Stenus circularis, Gr. Snodland (Donisthorpe) ; Ledbury, Herefordshire 

(Tomlin) ; Oxford district (Walker) ; Kennet "Valley (Joy). 
Stenus vafellus, Er. Reigate (Linnell) ; Oulton Broad (Morley) ; Oxford 

district (Holland). 
Stenus dedaratus, Er. Ireland, common. 

Stenus crassus, Steph. Ireland, Donegal, Derry, Antrim, and Kerry. 
Stenus crassus, v. littoralis, Th. Ireland, Dublin, Lough Neagh, and Foyle 

district. 
Stenus opticus, Gr. Plymouth (Keys). 

Stenus carhonarius, Gyll. Ireland, Lough Neagh, Cavan, and Limerick. 
Stenus argus, Gr. Wolvercote, near Oxford (Keys) ; abundant in a marsh 

near Penrith, Cumberland (Britten). 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 239 

Stenus nigritulus, Gyll. Ireland, Shane's Castle, Lough Neagh (Halbert), 

Stenus palustris, Er. Hornsea Mere (Stainforth). 

Stenus fuscicornis, Er. Ditchling (Dollman). 

Stenus cerosus, Er. Cumberland (Britten). 

Stenus erichsoni, Rye. Norfolk, Aylsham (Wood) ; Ireland, Galway. 

Stenus flavipes, Steph. Ireland, locally common. 

Stenus pubescens, Steph. Ireland, common. 

Stenus hinotatus, Ljungh. Sandown, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; near Hull 
(Stainforth) ; Ireland, widely distributed. 

Stenus canescens, Rosh. Colchester (Harwood) ; Sandown, I. of W. (Champion), 

Stenus pallitarsis, Steph. Ireland, common. 

Stenus niveus, Fauv. Chobham (Champion) ; Sutton Broad, Norfolk, and 
Worle, Somerset (Donisthorpe) ; Cumberland, common (Britten). 

Stenus picipennis, Er. North Cove, Yorks (Stainforth) ; Irby, Lines (Wal- 
lace) ; Cumberland (Day) ; Ireland, Dublin. 

Stenus foveicoUis, Kr. Colwall, Herefordshire, and Glemsford, Suffolk 
(Tomlin) ; Helvellyn and Cross Fell, Cumberland (Britten). 

Stemis kiesemvetteri, Rosh. Surrey, Gomshall (E. A. Butler), Sunningdale 
(Donisthorpe) ; Berks, Greenham Common (Harwood). 

Stenus cicindeloides, Grav. Cumberland ; Ireland, Antrim, Armagh, Dublin, 
Kilkenny, Waterford, and Kerry. 

Stenus solutus, Er. Maldon, Essex (Nicholson) ; Hanwell (Dollman) ; 
Kennet Valley, Berks (Joy) ; Whitstable and Brandon (Chitty) ; Sandown, 
I. of W. (Beare) ; Otmoor, Oxford district (Holland) ; Alford, Lines (C. O. 
Waterhouse). 

Stenus latifrons, Er. Sandown, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Cumberland (Day) : 
Ireland, Antrim and Westmeath. 

Stemis fornicatus, Steph. Richmond Park (Beare) ; Epping Forest (Nichol- 
son) ; Heytesbury Farm, I. of W. (Morley) ; Ditchhng (Dollman) ; New 
Forest (Chitty) ; Barnby Broad (Morley) ; Delamere (Tomlin) ; h-eland, 
Donegal (Johnson). 

Oxiiporus rufus, L. Enfield (Pool) ; Oxshott, abundant (Donisthorpe) ; 
Bradfield (Joy) ; Wicken Fen (Beare) ; Herefordshire (Tomlin) ; Oxford 
district (Collins) ; Lincolnshire (Wallace) ; Scotland, Orchardton (Douglass). 

Bledius taurus. Germ. Ipswich (Morley) ; N. Wales (Tomhn). The rare 

black form was taken by Dr. Joy, a (t at Wells in 1904, and a $ by 

Mr. Donisthorpe in the same locality in 1 909. 
Bledius spectahilis, Kr. Point of Air (Tomhn) ; Ireland, local, but widely 

distributed. 
Bledius tricornis, Herbst. Yarmouth, I. of W. (Donisthorpe). The Irish 

record refers to the preceding species. 
Bledius unicornis. Germ. Point of Air (Tomlin) ; Scilly (Joy). 
Bledius hicornis. Germ. Rye (Bennett) ; Wells Marshes (Joy) ; Isle of Wight, 

Luccombe Chine (Ellis), Sando\vn (Champion), Bembridge (Donisthorpe). 
Bledius arenarius, Payk. Gorton, Suffolk (E. A. Butler) ; Ireland, common. 
Bledius pallipes, Grav. Ireland, Ardara, co. Donegal (Johnson). 



240 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Bledius fuscipes, Rye. Studland (Donisthorpe) ; Braunton (de la Garde) ; 

Gimingham, Norfolk (E. A. Butler) : Ireland, Donegal, Derry, and Sligo. 
Bledius suhterraneus, Er. Ireland, Derry, Antrim, and Armagh. 
Bledius longulus, Er. Gimingham (E. A. Butler) ; Birkdale (Chaster and 

Sopp) ; Barmouth (Donisthorpe) ; Ireland, Donegal, Derry, Sligo, and 

Mayo. 
Bledius fmcticornis, Payk. Red form only, Huntsham Pool, Herefordshire 

(Tomlin) ; black form only, Braunton, Devon (de la Garde) ; Rye (Bennett) ; 

Norwich (Edwards) ; Scunthorpe, Lines (W. E. Sharp) ; Cumberland ; 

Kew (Dollman) ; Ireland, Armagh and Dublin. 
Bledius femoralis, Gyll. Richmond Park, Tilgate Forest, and New Forest 

(Donisthorpe) ; Mickleham, Woking, Chobham, and Guildford (Champion) ; 

Wokingham (Fowler and Joy). 
Bledius opacus, Block. Deal, common (Donisthorpe) ; Ditchling, common 

(Dollman) ; Braunton (de la Garde) ; Birkdale, rare (Chaster and Sopp) ; 

Cumberland (Day) : Ireland, Donegal, Armagh, Longford, and Dublin. 
Bledius crassicollis, Lac. Rye, Sussex (Bennett) ; Corton, Suffolk (E. A. 

Butler). 
Bledius erraticiis, Er. Ireland, Donegal, Derry, and Sligo. 

Platystethus cornutus, Gyll. Hightown (Southport List) ; Scunthorpe, 

Lines (W. E. Sharp) ; Ireland, Cork. 
Platystethus capita, Heer. Guildford, and Sandown, I. of W. (Champion) ; 

Ditchling (Donisthorpe) ; Oxford district (Walker) ; Sudburj', Suffolk 

(Morley) ; Gumley (Matthews) ; Ireland, Sligo (Johnson). 
Platystethus nitens, Sahib. Marston (Walker) ; Ditchling (Donisthorpe) ; 

Tring (EUiman) ; Gumley (Matthews) ; West Malvern (Tomhn). 

Oxytellus rugosus, Grav. Ireland, common. 

Oxytellus insecatus, Grav. Bedford Park and Ditchling (Dollman) ; Rye, 
in seed potatoes (Donisthorpe) ; Suffolk ; Whitstable ; under stones, Oxford 
district (Walker) ; in nest of L. niger, Gravesend (Nicholson). 

Oxytellus fulvipes, Er. Sherwood Forest (Taylor). 

Oxytellus piceus, L. Gumley (Matthews) ; Scilly Isles (Joy). 

Oxytellus inustus, Grav. Birkdale : Ireland, Roscommon and Louth. 

Oxytellus maritimus, Thorns. Ireland, Donegal, Mayo, Galway, Meath, and 
Dublin. 

Oxytellus maritimus, v. perrisi, Fauv. Is the form with testaceous elytra. 
Mr. Keys takes it at Whitsand Bay. Ireland, plentifully in Galway. 

Oxytellus complanatus, Er. Ireland, Donegal, Armagh, and Dublin. 

Oxytellus clypeonitens, Pand. DitchHng and Bedford Park (Dollman) ; Brad- 
field, in nest of wood-mouse (Joy) ; Woking, and Luccombe, I. of W. 
(Champion) ; Teignmouth and Dawlish (de la Garde) ; Chiddingfold 
(Nicholson). 

Oxytellus fairmairei, Pand. Chesham, Bucks (EUiman) ; DawHsh (de la 
Garde) ; Bradgate Park, Leicestershire (F. Bates) ; Linwood, Lines 
(Wallace). Records from moles' nests (Oxford district (Walker), Guildford 
(H. Chamj)ion), &c. &c.) probably refer to O. saulcyi. 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 241 

Haploderus ccelatus, Grav. Ireland, widely distributed. 

Ancyropliorus omalimts, Er. Snowdon (Sopp) ; Christow, Devon (de la 
Garde) ; Gumlej^ (Matthews). 

Ancyropliorus a^ireus, Faav. Southern records: Cbiddingfold, Surrey, abun- 
dant (Donisthorpe) ; Isle of Wight, 1873 (Wollaston) ; S. Wales (Chitty) ; 
Gumley (Matthews) ; Porlock (Blatch) ; Plymouth (Keys) ; N. Wales, Glyn 
Ceiriog and Glyndyfrdwy (Tomlin) ; Ireland, Derry, Antrim, Fermanagh. 
Kilkenny, and Tipperary. This species appears to be a habitual denizen 
of caves in Ireland, in company with species of CoUemhola, on which it 
preys. 

Trogophlmus arcuatus, Steph. Kew (Nicholson) ; Wherstead, Suffolk (Morley); 

Plymouth district (Keys) ; S. Wales (Chitty) ; Ireland, Sligo and Wexford. 
Trogophlceus rivularis. Mots. Suffolk (Morley) ; Birkdale sandJuUs, rare 

(Chaster and Sopp) ; Cumberland (Day) ; Winlaton-on-Tyne (Bagnall) ; 

Kew and Cambridge (Dollman) ; Ireland, Donegal, Antrim, and Armagh. 
Trogophloeus elongatulus, Er. Ireland, Antrim, Armagh, Dublin, and Carlow. 
Trogophlceus fuliginosus, Grav. Oxford district (Walker) ; Tewkesbury 

(Donisthorpe) ; Grimsby (Wallace) ; Cumberland (Day) ; Ireland, Derry, 

Down, and Kilkenny. 
Trogophloe-us joveolatus. Sahib. Gravesend (G. Nicholson). 
Trogophloeus corticinus, Grav. Ireland, common. 
Trogophlceus halophilus, Kies. Shanklin and Sando^vn, I. of W. (Ford) ; 

Hastings (Bennett) ; Bentley Woods, Suffolk (Morley) ; Solway Firth, 

Cumberland (Day). 
Trogophloeus tenellus, Er. London, flying near Regent's Park (Donisthorpe) ; 

Birkdale Cemetery, in abundance (Tomlin) ; Ireland, Dublin. 
Trogophloeus suhtilis, Er. Winlaton Mill, Durham (Donisth jrpe). 

Thinobius linearis, Kr. Cowley Marsh, near Oxford, the prey of a Dipteron 
(Hamm) ; Cumberland, banks of the Eden, abundant, associated with 
Homalota subtilissima and pollens (Britten) ; Ireland, Donegal. 

Thinobius longipennis, Kr. Cumberland, Great Salkeld (Britten) ; Durham, 
Winlaton Mill (Bagnall) ; Ireland, Donegal. 

Thinobius brevipennis, Kies. Southport district (Chaster) ; Braunton 
Burrows, abundant (de la Garde). 

Syntomium mnetim., Miill. Cumberland ; Ireland, Aitrim, Armagh, Wicklow, 
and Cork. 

Coprophilus sfriatulus, F. Ireland, Down and Fermanagh. 

Acrognathus mandibularis, Gyll. Abundant at Woking, flying in the evening 
(Champion). 

Cotnposchilus palpalis, Er. Woking (Champion) ; Tring, in plenty (forty- two 
specimens on one occasion by evening sweeping), and Chesham (Elliman). 

Deleaster diclirous, Grav. Ealing and Bedford Park (Dollman) ; Hendon, 
in the runs of the water-vole (Newbery) ; Reigate and Burford (Linnell) ; 
Woking (Champion) Seaton (IVIitford). 

Q 



242 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Anthophagus alpinus, Payk. Helvellyn, Cumberland (Britten) ; Ireland, 

summit of Slieve Donard. 
Geodromicus glohulicollis, Man. Freely on Cross Fell, Cumberland (Britten). 
Geodromicus nigrita, Miill. Cusop Dingle, Herefordshire (Tomlin). 
Lesteva sharpi. Rye. Cusop Dingle, Herefordshire (Tomlin) ; Tindale Tarn, 

Cumberland (Day) ; Ireland, Wicklow and Kerry. 
Lesteva pubescens, Man. Wlierstead, Suffolk (Morley) ; Gibside, Durham 

(Bagnall) ; Ireland, Donegal, Derry, Antrim, Armagh, and Kerry. 
Lesteva punctata, Er. Wimbledon Common (Beare and Donisthorpe) ; Cusop 

Dingle, Herefordshire (Tomlin) ; Gumley (Matthews) ; Leicester Frith 

(Wooley); Oulton Broad (W. E. Sharp); N. Cornwall (Butler); Mull 

(Tomlin) ; Ireland, Donegal, Mayo, and Galway. 

4.cidota crenata, F. Studland (Donisthorpe) ; Gumley (Matthews) ; Norwich 
(Edwards) ; Ireland, rare, Donegal, Antrim, Down, Fermanagh, and Sligo. 

Acidota cruentata, Mannh. Coulsdon (Bedwell) ; Delamere (Tomlin) ; Wytham 
Park, Oxford (Donisthorpe) ; Gumley (Matthews) ; Great Salkeld (Britten). 

Olophrum fuscum, Grav. Eden Valley, Cumberland (Day) ; Ireland, Carlow ; 
Scotland, Highlands, Nethy Bridge, Inverness-shire (Beare and Donis- 
thorpe), Ben Wyvis, Ross-shire (Joy). 

Olophrum consimile, Gyll. Ben Wyvis, Ross-shire (Joy). 

Deliphmm tectum, Payk. Cusop Dingle, Hereford (Tomlin) ; Wytham Park 
(Walker) ; Delamere Forest, not rare (W. E. Sharp) ; Ireland, Down and 
Queen's County. 

Deliphrum crenatum, Gr. Helensburgh, September 1908 (Chaster) ; Pit- 
lochry, Perthshire (Joy). 

Arpedium brachypterum, Grav. Cumberland ; Snaefell, Isle of Man (Tomlin) ; 
Ireland, Donegal and Mayo. 

Micralymma brevipenne, Gyll. Hastings (Bennett) ; Anthorn, Cumberland 
(Day) ; Ireland, locally common. 

Philorhinum sordidum, Steph. Ditchling (Dollman) ; Cumnor, near Oxford 
(Walker) ; East Rudham, Norfolk (Wood) ; Snowdon (Donisthorpe) ; 
Grimsby (Wallace) ; Ireland, common. 

CorypTiium angusticolle, Steph. Reigate and Dorking (Linnell) ; Shirley 
(Donisthorpe) ; Ipswich (Morley) ; Bagley Wood (Walker) ; Braunton, 
Devonshire (de la Garde) ; Hanwell (Dollman) ; Ireland, Derry and Down. 

Homalium rugulipenne. Rye. Point of Air (Tomlin) ; Ireland, Dublin (Kemp). 

Homalium Iceviusculum, GyU. Ireland, locally abundant. 

Homalium septentrionis, Thoms. Guildford (Champion) ; Bradfield (Joy) ; 
Sittingbourne district (Chitty) ; West Mailing, Kent, Woodhay, Hants, 
and Market Bosworth, Leicestershire (Donisthorpe) ; Crowcombe, Somerset 
(Nicholson) ; Knowle, Warwickshire (Blatch) ; Wytham Park (Walker) ; 
Cumberland, common in dead rabbits (Britten). Occurs on carrion, dead 
hedgehogs, bu-da, &c., in woods. 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 243 

Homalium riparium. Thorns. Ireland, common. 

Homalimn allardi, Fairm. In manure heap, Yarnton (Walker) ; in bone 
heap, Queenborough (Donisthorpe) ; Lundy Island, and North Uist, Outer 
Hebrides, in rock-dove's nest (Joy) ; Cumberland (Day) ; Buckfastleigh, 
Devon (de la Garde) ; Ireland, Donegal, Armagh, and Dublin. 

Homalium exiguum, Gyll. Suffolk, Bury district (Tuck) ; S. Wales (Chitty) ; 
Oxford district (Walker) ; Tavy Valley, Devon (Ke_ys). 

Homalium brevicolle, Thoms. Netliy Bridge (Donisthorpe). 

Homalium oxycanthce, Grav. Suffolk (Morley) ; Hightown and Birkdale 
(Chaster and Sopp) ; Ireland, Armagh and Clare. 

Homalium pusillum, Grav. Ireland, Donegal, Derry, Armagh, and Gahvay. 

Homalium punctipenne, Thoms. Ireland, Antrim, Armagh, Roscommon, and 
Carlow. 

Homalium rufipes, Fourc. Ireland, Donegal, Derry, Aitrim, and Armagh. 

Homalium rufipes, v. nigrum, Gr. New Forest (Walker). 

Homalium salicis, Gyll. Redhill (Linnell) ; Little Blakenham and Bramford 
Marshes (Morley) ; Wood Eaton (Walker). 

Homalium vile, Er. Ireland, Antrim. 

Homalium brevicorne, Er. Gumley, 1862 (Matthews) ; Knowle and Solihul 
(Blatch) ; Ireland, Dublin. 

Homalium gracilicorne, Fairm. Bradfield (Joj-) ; Great Salkeld, Cumberland 
(Britten); Ryde, I. ofW., and Gibside, Durham (Donisthorpe); Marvel 
Copse, I. of W. (Morey). Mr. Piffard has recorded that Homalium gracili- 
corne and brevicorne are to be found in the lichen on branches of oak recently 
blo\\'Ti down. 

Homalium iopterum, Steph. Ireland, Roscommon. 

Homalium planum, Payk. Gibside, Durham (Bagnall). 

Homalium pineti, Th. Teesdale, Durham (Bagnall). 

Homalium deplanatum, Gyll. Oxford (Walker) ; Southport (Chaster) ; 
Ireland, Armagh. 

Homalium testaceum, Er. Blean Woods (Chitty) ; Ipswich (Morley) ; Gumley 
(Matthews). 

Homalium striatum, Grav. Enfield (Pool) ; Barham (Kirby) ; Lundy Island 
(Joy); Cleethorpes (Wallace) ; Ireland, Antrim. 

Hapalaroea pygmcea, Gyll. Enfield (Pool) ; Epping Forest (DoUman) ; 
Bradfield (Joy) ; Oxford (Walker) ; Tostock (Morley) ; Bury district 
(Tuck) ; Gumley (Matthews) ; Cumberland (Day) ; Winlaton Mill, Durham 
(Bagnall) ; Scotland, Peebles district (Black) ; Ireland, Belfast (Templeton). 

Acrulia infl^ata, Gyll. Yorksliire ; Gibside, and Winlaton-on-Tyne, in bur- 
rows of Trypodendron domesticum (Bagnall) ; Scotland, Garve, Ross-shire 
(Joy) ; Netley Bridge, not uncommon (Bishop and Sharp). 

Eusphaleriim primulce, Steph. Chiddingfold (Donisthorpe) ; Huntingfield 
(Chitty) ; Bodlestreet, near Battle (Bennett) ; Wytham Park, Oxford 
(Walker); Suffolk (Kirby) ; South Brent and St. German's (Keys); Ireland, 
Down. 



244 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Anthohmm minidnm, F. Ireland, common. 

Anthobium torquatum. Marsh. Not recorded in the Irish List. 

Anthobium sorbi, Gyll. Gumley (Matthews). Coryton, Devon. 

Proteinus ovalis, Steph. Ireland, widely distributed. 

Profeinus brachi/pterus, F. Ireland, Antrim. 

Profeinus macroptenis, Gyll. Water Eaton (Collins) ; Wytham Park (Walker) ; 

Birkdale (Chaster and Sopp). 
Profeinus atomarius, Er. Bury district (Tuck) ; Foxhall (Morley) ; Oxford 

(Walker) ; Gumley (Matthews). 

Megarthrus denticolUs, Beck. Foxhall, Suffolk (Morley) ; Thorpe, Norfolk 

(Edwards) ; Ireland, Donegal, Derry, Antrim, Tyrone, Armagh, and 

Dublin. 
Megarthrus sinuatocollis, Lac. Ireland, Antrim, Armagh, Fermanagh, and 

Wexford. 
Megarthrus hemipterus, 111. Gumley (Matthews) ; Ireland, rare, Armagh 

(Johnson). 

Phloeobium clypeatum, Miill. Winlaton-on-Tyne and Warkworth (Bagnall). 

Phloeocharis subtilissima, Mann. Richmond Park (Donisthorpe) ; N. Devon 
(Chitty) ; Wellington College (Joy) ; Yarm, Yorkshire (Rudd) ; Cumber- 
land (Day) ; Ireland, Valentia Island (Miss M. J. Delap). 

Psetulopsis sulcata, Newm. Newbury (HarAvood) ; Knowle, Warwickshire 
(Blatch) ; Bournemouth (W. C. Jackson) ; Southport (Chaster) ; Llandaff, 
S. Wales (Tomlin) ; Gibside (Bagnall). The genus and species were de- 
scribed by Newman from a specimen taken by F. Walker in the Isle of 
Wight in 1834, which appears to be the only record from the island. Ireland, 
Down, Wicklow, and Lough Neagh ; Scotland, Torduff, Colinton (W. 
Evans). 

Prognatha quadricornis, Lac. Richmond Park (Donisthorpe) ; Enfield (Pool) ; 
Bradfield ( Joy) ; Oxford district ; Leicestershire (Bouskell) ; Ireland, Carlow 
(Halbert). 

LEPTINIDiE 

Leptinus testaceus, Miill. Near Mickleham (Rye) ; Huntingfield, in the runs 
of field-mice (Chitty) ; South Brent, Devonshire (de la Garde) ; Oxford 
district (Walker) ; Gibside, Durham (Bagnall) ; in rabbit burrows, Epping 
Forest (G. Nicholson) ; on 3Ius sijlvaticus, Trefriw, Carnarvonshire (Ellison); 
Ireland, in nest of Bombus terrestris, Derry (Buckle), on a field-mouse, 
Kenmare (Yerbury). 

CLAMBID^ 

Clambus pubescerts, Redt. Lundy Island (Joy) ; Enslow Bridge (Collins) ; 

Southport (Chaster) ; Cumberland (Day). 
Clambus armadillo. De G. Cumnor (Collins) ; Southport ; Ireland, Donegal, 

Armagli, and Carlow. 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 245 

Clamhus minutus, Stm. N. Cornwall (Butler) ; Oxford (Walker). 

SILPHIDiE 

Agathidium seminnlum, L. Cothill (Collins) ; Cumberland (Day). 

Agafhidium hadium, X. Rannocb (Donisthorpe and Nicholson). 

Agathidium nigripenne, Kug. Enfield (Pool) ; Streatlej% Berks (Joy) ; 
Wytham Park, Oxford (Walker) ; Cumberland ; Ireland, Armagh (Johnson). 

Agathidium Icevigatum, Er. Lundj'' Island (Joy and Tomlin) ; Ireland, 
Donegal, Derry, Antrim, Armagh, Monaghan, and Limerick. 

Agathidium marginatum, Stm. Whitstable (Chitty) ; Bexhill and Dorking 
(Donisthorpe) ; Tubney (Tomlin) ; Suffolk (Morley) ; Southport (Chaster). 

Agathidium confuswn, Bris. Guildford (Champion). 

Agathidium varians. Beck. Richmond Park (Donisthorpe) ; Bagley Wood 
(Walker); Tostock (Tuck); Herefordshire (Tomlin); Ireland, Antrim. 

Agathidium convexum, Shp. Oxford district, frequent (Walker) ; Cumber- 
land ; Ireland, Antrim. 

Agathidium rotundatum, Gyll. West Wickham and New Forest (Donisthorpe) ; 
Tabney (Walker) ; Bentley Woods, Suffolk (Morley) ; Cumberland ; Here- 
fordshire (Tomlin) ; Ireland, Antrim, Armagh, and Fermanagh. 

Agathidium nigrinum, Sturm. Oxford district, frequent (Walker) ; Bentley 
Woods, Suffolk (Morley) ; Gelt Woods, Cumberland (Donisthorpe). 

Agathidium rhinoceros. Sharp. Nethy Bridge (Beare) ; Braemar (Donis- 
thorpe) ; Spey district (Chitty). 

Amphicyllis globus, F. Bishop's Wood, Hampstead, and Pamber Forest 
(Donisthorpe) ; Oxford (Walker) ; Cromer (EUiman) ; Ireland, Kilkenny 
(Halbert). 

Liodes humeralis, Kug. Barmouth (Donisthorj)e) ; Ireland, Westmeath, 
Wicklow, and Kerrj'. Mr. Bagnall found the eh'tra and other remains of 
this beetle in plenty in the cast of a bat in the Derwent Valley. Eskdale, 
Cumberland (Fowler). 

Liodes orbicularis, Herbst. Isle of Wight (Wollaston); Woodhay, Hants 
(Donisthorpe) ; Ringland, Norfolk (Edwards) ; Wytham Park (Walker) ; 
Sherwood Forest (Taylor). Often taken by evening sweeping. 

Cyrtusa minuta, Alir. Chattenden, Kent (Donisthorpe) ; Candleston, 
Glamorgan (Tomlin). 

Cyrtusa jmuxilla, Schmidt. Coulsdon (Bedwell) ; Isle of Wight, Sandown 
(Champion), Chale Chine, Ryde, and Niton (Donisthorpe) ; Postwick Grove, 
Norfolk (Edwards) ; Wytham Park, Oxford (Walker) ; Ditchling (DoUman). 

Anisotoma cinnamomea, Panz. Near Oxford, in plenty (Walker) ; Bradfield 
(Joy). This species requires confirmation as Irish. 

Anisotoma anglica. Rye. Cobham Park (Walker) ; Wellington College (Joy) ; 
Wytham Park (Collins) ; Chipstead (Bedwell). 

Anisotoma lucens, Fair. Woodhay, Hants, not uncommon, August 1906 
(Donisthorpe) ; Shiere (Capron) ; Delamere Forest (W. E. Sharp) ; Don- 
caster (Corbett) ; Wellington College (Joy, Tomlin and Fowler). 



246 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, KOTES, ETC. 

Anisotoma picea. 111. Soutliport, April 1901 (Chaster) ; Forres (Cliitty) ; 

Dalwhinnie (Joy and Tomlin). 
Anisotoma duhia, Kug. Isle of Wight, Luccombe (Champion), Chale Chine 

(Donisthorpe) ; Tubney (Walker); Aldeburgh (Cruttwell); Norfolk; 

Tewkesbury ; Winlaton Mill (Bagnall) ; Eskdale, Cumberland (Fowler) ; 

Ireland, widely distributed. 
Anisotoma obesa, Schm. Dalwhinnie (Joy). 
Anisotoma badia, Sturm. Newbury (Harwood) ; Household Heath (Edwards) ; 

Oxford district (Walker). 
Ainsotoma similata, Rj^e. Chale and Blackgang, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; 

Scarborough (Lawson). 
Anisotoma oralis, Schmidt. Wytham Park (Walker) ; Wicken Fen (Donis- 
thorpe) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; Soutliport (Chaster) ; Carnarvonshire 

(W. E. Sharp) ; Cumberland (Day) ; Ireland, widely distributed. 
Anisotoma brunnea, Stm. Chale, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Woking (Cham- 
pion) ; Tubney (Walker) ; Chipstead (Bedwell). 
Anisotoma punctulata, Gyll. Newbury (Harwood) ; Oxford district ; Ireland, 

Donegal. 
Anisotoma curvipes, Schmidt. Cuxton, Kent (Walker). 
Anisotoma nigrita, Schmidt. Woodhay (Donisthorpe) ; Tubney (Walker) ; 

Ireland, doubtful ; Wellington College (Fowler and Tomlin). 
Anisotoma curta, Fair. Tubney (Walker) ; Hesleden (Gardner). 
Anisotoma lunicoUis, Rye. Woking (Champion) ; Isle of Sheppey (Walker) ; 

Huntingfield (Donisthorpe). 
Anisotoma triepkei, Schmidt. WeUington College (Joy) ; Tubney, near 

Oxford (Donisthorpe and Walker) ; Great Salkeld (Britten) ; Brandon 

(W. E. Sharp) ; Forres (Chitty). 
Anisotoma rugosa, Steph. Cobham Park and Oxford (Walker) ; Streatley, 

Berks (Harwood) ; Household Heath, Norfolk (Griffin) ; Southport 

(Chaster) ; Bradfield (Joy) ; Coulsdon, Surrey (W. E. Sharp). 
Anisotoma parvula, Sahib. Bradfield (Joy) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; Wytham 

Park (Walker) ; Ireland, Armagh and Kilkenny. 
Anisotoma ciliaris, Schmidt. Soutliport and Birkdale sandhills, common 

(Chaster). 
Anisotoma furva, Er. Skegness (Horse) ; Southport, abundant (Chaster) ; 

Cleethorpes (Donisthorpe). 

Agaricophagus cephalotes, Schmidt. Chipstead (Bedwell) ; Hastings district 
(Bennett) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; Bury district (Tuck) ; Ringland, 
Norfolk (Edwards) ; Wytham Park, Oxford district (Donisthorpe) ; Brom- 
yard, Herefordshire (Tomlin) ; Wellington College (Fowler and Tomlin). 

Hydnobius punctatissimus, Steph. Chipstead (Bedwell) ; Queensdo\vn 
Warren, and Wytham Park, Oxford (Walker) ; Ditchling (Dollman) ; 
Brandon, Suffolk (Horley) ; Weybourne, Norfolk (Edwards) ; Birkdale 
and Southport sandhills, common (Chaster) ; Cumberland (Day) ; Clee- 
thorpes (Donisthorpe). 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 247 

Hydnohius punctatus, Sturm. Darland Hill (Walker) ; Snowdon (Sopp and 
Tomlin) ; Tubney (Donisthorpe). 

Hydnohius strigosus, Schmidt. Chipstead (Bedwell) ; Woking (Champion) ; 
Bradfield (Joy) ; Huntingfield (Chitty) ; Oxford district (Walker) ; Ditch- 
ling (Dollman). 

Triarthron maerkeli, Schmidt. Wellington College (Fowler, Joy and Tomlin) ; 
Wokingham (E. A. Waterhouse) ; Woodhay (Donisthorpe) ; Tubney 
(Walker) ; Bardon Hill, Leicestershire (Bouskell) ; Cumberland (Day and 
Britten). 

Necrophorus vestigator, Hersch. Ferndale, Dorset (Sopp) ; Oxford (Walker) ; 
Suffolk ; Lundy Island (WoUaston) ; Birtley, Durham (Robson). The 
Rev. G. A. Crawshay has reared this species from the egg laid in confine- 
ment. 

Necrophorus ruspator, v. microcephalus, Thoms. Weymouth (Donisthorpe). 

Necrophorus interruptus, Steph. Ditchling (Dollman); Isle of Wight, not 
uncommon, Niton (Mitford), Sandown (Taylor), Blackgang, Chale, and 
Rj^le, in dead rabbits, &c. (Donisthorpe) ; Enslow Bridge, nr. Oxford 
(Hamm). 

Necrophorus interruptus, v. gallicus, Duv. Cookfield, Sussex (Chitty). 

Silpha tristis, lU. Wicken Fen (Donisthorpe); Tubney (Walker); Suffolk; 

Norfolk ; Lundy Island (WoUaston) ; Grimsby (Wallace) ; Ireland, Dublin, 

Limerick, and Waterford. 
Silpha nigrita, Creutz. Cadr Idris (W. E. Sharp) ; near Two Bridges, Dart- 

mcor Forest, in abundance (Chant, 1833). Mr. Keys has taken it sparingly 

on Dartmoor. In the flower-heads of dandelion, Cumberland (Britten) ; 

Winlaton MiU, Durham (Bagnall) ; Ireland, Donegal and Antrim. The type 

of this beetle is the red form S. tyrolensis, and it is much more common in the 

Highlands. Infested with large intestinal worm, Braemar (Donisthorpe). 
Silpha quadripunctata, L. Bordwood Copse, I. of W. (Taylor) ; Chattenden ; 

Bagley Wood (Hope) ; Bentley Woods, Suffolk (Morley) ; Norfolk (Burrell) ; 

Doncaster (Corbett) ; Ireland, Down, Carlow, Clare, and Waterford. 
Silpha obscura, L. Wicken (Nicholson). 
Silpha reticulata, F. Norfolk (Burrell). 
Silpha opaca, L. Lundy Island (Joy and Tomhn). Curtis records its capture 

by the Rev. I. Burrell in flowers of the mountain ash in Norfolk. Earlshilton, 

Leicestershire (Donisthorpe) ; Ireland, common. 
Silpha thoracica, L. Not recorded from Ireland. 
Silpha sinuata, F. Requires confirmation as an Irish species. 
Silpha dispar, Herbst. Bungay, Suffolk (Garneys ); Ripon, Yorkshire (E. A, 

Waterhouse) ; Ireland, widely distributed. 
Silpha laevigata, F. This species feeds on snails, as pointed out by Westwood, 

and recently by H. J. Thouless. I have seen it up grass stems devouring 

small snails at Camber. 
Silpha atrata, L. Is not found in Ireland. 
Silpha suhrotundata, Steph. Is confined to Ireland and the Isle of Man. I have 

found it infested by an intestinal worm of the genus Gordius. 



248 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Choleva angustata, F. Wimbledon Common, common ; Crowcombe and 
Broxbourne (Nicholson). Often in moles' nests. Ireland, very rare, Kerry. 

Choleva cisteloides, Frolil. Ireland, Donegal, Armagh, and Kerry. 

Choleva intermedia, Kraatz. Glemsford, Suffolk (Tomlin) ; Oxford (Walker) ; 
in rabbit's barrow, Cumberland (Britten) ; Scotland, Garve, Ross-shire 

(Joy). 

Choleva spadicea, Sturm. Wimbledon Common (Nicholson) ; Niton, I. of 
W. (Pool) ; Buckfastleigh and Tiverton, Devonshire (de la Garde) ; Bucks 
(W. E. Sharp) ; Buddon Wood, Leicestershire (Donisthorpe) ; Gibside, 
Durham (Bagnall). 

Choleva agilis, 111. Gravesend, in mole's nest (Nicholson) ; Ireland, widely 
distributed. 

Chohva velox, Spence. Ireland, rare, Antrim, Armagh, and Fermanagh. 

Choleva wilkini, Spence. Ireland, Armagh and Wicklow. 

Choleva nigricans, Spence. Ireland, Antrim. 

Choleva longula, Kell. Gumley (Matthews) ; Bromyard, Herefordshire 
(Tomhn) ; Ireland, Rossbeigh, co. Kerry (Bouskell). 

Choleva coracina, Kell. Richmond Park (Donisthorpe) ; Brooke, Norfolk 
(Edwards) ; Plymouth district (Keys) ; Hen Wood, Oxford (Walker). 

Choleva Icirhyi, Spence. Not recorded from Ireland. 

Choleva chrysomeloides, Panz. Ireland, Donegal and Antrim. 

Choleva fumata, Spence. Ireland, Galway. 

Choleva watsoni, Spence. Ireland, widely distributed. 

Choleva colonoides, Kraatz. Cobham Park and Bagley Wood (Walker) ; in 
birds' nests, Bradfield, &c. (Joy) ; Richmond Park and Woodhay (Donis- 
thorpe) ; Epping Forest (Pool) ; Huntingfield (Chitty). 

Catops varicornis, Rosen. Luccombe, April 1897 (Beare) ; Streatley, Berks 
(Walker). 

Colon viennense, Herbst. Rochester district and Witham Park (Walker) ; 

Newbury (Harwood). 
Colon serripes. Sahib. Cobham Park and Ogly Bog (Walker) ; Woking 

(Champion) ; Chippenham Fen (Donisthorpe) ; Bradfield (Joy) ; Barton- 

on-Sea (Selous) ; Bradgate Park, Leicestershire (F. Bates) ; Nocton, 

Lincolnshire (E. A. Waterhouse) ; Newton Moss, Cumberland (Britten) ; 

Ireland, Donegal, Down, and Armagh. 
Colon puncticolle, KJr. Gumley (Matthews). 
Colon angulare, Er. Weybridge (Donisthorpe) ; Bradfield (Joy) ; Ireland, 

Donegal. 
Colon microps, Czwal. Cobham (Champion). 
Colon dentipes, Sahib. Hastings district (Bennett) ; Tubney (Walker) ; 

Cumberland ; Ireland, Down. 
Colon Zebei, Kr. Bradfield, Berks (Joy) ; Witham Park, Oxford (Walker) ; 

Ely, Glamorganshire (Tomlin). 
Colon harneville, Kr. Bradfield (Joy). 
Colon hrunneum, Latr. Ireland, widely distributed. 
Colon appendiculatum, Sahib. Cumberland ; Ireland, Down. 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 249 

Colon calcnratum, Er. Ireland, DoAvn. 

Colon denticulatum, Kr. Bradfield (Joy). 

Colon latum, Kr. Chiddingfold (Donistliorpe) ; Cothill (Collins) ; Hunting- 

tield (Chitty) ; Gibside, Durham (Bagnall) ; Gumley, Leicestershire 

(Matthews). 

Dr. Joy writes some interesting notes on the habits of species cf Colon in 

the E. M. M., 1908, p. 38, 1910, p. 25. 
Balhyscia ivollastoni, Janson. On decayed potato, Newport, I. of W. 

(Jeffery); Ireland, Dromantine, co. Down (Johnson). 
S-phcerites glahratus, F. Great Salkeld, Cumberland (Britten). 

SCYDMiENID^ 

Neuraphes elongatulus, Miill. Camelford, N. Cornwall (Butler) ; co. Durham 
(Bagnall) ; Ireland, Armagh (Johnson). 

Neuraphes angulatus, Miill. Suffolk ; Norfolk ; Bournemouth, in nests 
of Formica exsecta (Donisthorpe) ; Devonshire (de la Garde); Tubney 
(Walker) ; Cumberland (Day) ; Durham (Bagnall) ; Ireland, Armagh. 

Neuraphes rubicundus, Muls. In birds' and moles' nests, Bradfield (Joy) ; 
Suffolk, Glemsford (Waterhouse), banks of Gipping (Morley) ; Cumberland 
(Britten) ; Strood, Kent (Walker) ; Yarnton, in mole's nest (Collins) ; in 
sedge refuse, Wicken Fen (Donisthorpe and Nicholson) ; Gibside, Durham 
(Bagnall). 

Neuraphes carinatus, Muls. Cumberland (Britten); Ditchling (DoUman). 

Neuraphes sparshalli, Denny. Cobliam Park (Walker) ; Charing (Chitty) ; 
Bentley Woods, Suffolk (Morley) ; Bedingfield, Suffolk (Garneys) ; Cum- 
berland (Daj-) ; Camelford, N. Cornwall (Butler) ; Coddington, Hereford- 
shire (Tomlin). 

Neuraphes sparshaJli, v. minutus, Chaud. Near Sandwich (E. A. Waterhouse) ; 
Gibside, Durham (Bagnall) ; Cumberland (Britten). 

Neuraphes longicollis. Mots. Cobham Park and Marston (Walker) ; Braunton, 
Devon (de la Garde) ; Bradfield (Joy) ; Earley, Reading (Fowler). 

Scydmcenus scutdlaris, Miill. Ireland, Dublin, in a nest of Lasius niger 

(Halbert). 
Scydmcenus piisillus, Miill. Gravesend and Aide burgh (Nicholson) ; Tilgate 

Forest, with L. fuliginosus (Donisthorpe) ; Suffolk, Belton and Fritton 

(Paget) ; Portland, with ants (Bedwell). 
Scydmcenus potveri. Fowler, Bradfield (Joy) ; Perranporth, Cornwall 

(Tomlin). 
Scydmcenus exilis, Er. Gibside and Winlaton, Durham (Bagnall) ; Eastham, 

near Liverpool (Dr. Ellis) ; Ireland, Cork. 

Euconnus denticornis, Miill. Alverstone, I. of W. (Ellis) ; Bedingfield, 

Suffolk (Garneys) ; Oxford district (Walker). 
Euconnus hirticollis. 111. Kennet Valley, Berks (Joy) ; Yarnton, Oxford 

(Walker) ; Lowestoft (Bedwell) ; Scotland, Aberfoyle (Evans) ; Ireland, 

Armagh, Monaghan, and King's County. 



250 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Euconnus fimetarius, Chaud. In goose's nest, in numbers, Ditchling (Dollman); 

Summertown, Oxford (Walker) ; Ireland, Dublin. 
Euconnus nanus, Schaum. Bradfield (Joy). 
Eumicrus tarsatus, Miill. Ireland, Down, Armagh, Dublin, Wicklow, Limerick, 

and Waterford. 
Eumicrus rufus, Miill. Shirley, in numbers (Donisthorpe) ; Enfield (Pool) ; 

Guildford (Champion). 
Euthia scydmcenoides, Steph. Botley, near Oxford (Walker) ; Wicken Fen 

(Beare and Donisthorpe). 
Euthia plicata, Gyll. Harrow (W. E. Sharp) ; Bradfield (Joy) ; Eepton 

(Garnej-s) ; Cobham Park and Bleane Woods (Walker) ; Ireland, Down 

(Haliday). 

Euthia schaumi, Kies. Little Blakenham, Suffolk (Morley) ; Deal (Donis- 
thorpe) ; Oxford district (Walker) ; Plymouth (Keys). 

Claviger testaceus, Preyss. First taken in England by Professor Westwood, near 
Oxford ; with Lasius alienus, Blackgang, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; North 
Wales, with Lasius flavus (Tomhn) ; L. flavus, Dartmouth (Donisthorpe). 

PSELAPHID^ 

Pselaphus dresdensis, Herbst. Wisley Pond, Surrey (Bryant) ; Kennet 
Valley, Berks (Joy) ; Yarnton, Oxford (CoUins) ; Horsford Heath, Norfolk 
(Edwards) ; Cumberland (Day) ; Ireland, Armagh (Johnson). 

Tychus niger, Payk. Southport, rare (Chaster and Sopp) ; Cumberland, not 
uncommon (Britten) ; Ireland, Donegal, Dublin, Wexford, and Limerick ; 
Scotland, Paisley (M. Young), Ayr (Fergusson). 

Bythinus glahraius, Rye. Two specimens in decaying potatoes, St. Peter's 

(Wood) ; Mr. Arthur J. Chitty has taken it in numbers, in cotapany with 

Ponera contracta, at Charing ; with the same ant at Mickleham (Bennett) 

and Box Hill (Bedwell and Donisthorpe). 
Bythinus jmncticollis, Denny. Ireland, widely distributed. 
Bythinus validus, Aube. Cumberland (Britten) ; Gibside, Durham, and 

Alnwick, Northumberland (Bagnall) ; Ireland, Donegal. 
Bythinus citrtisi. Leach. Bretby Wood, Repton (Garney). 
Bythinus securiger, Reich. In moles' nests, Bradfield (Joy) ; Oulton Broad 

(Bedwell) ; Devonshire (de la Garde) ; South Wales (Chitty) ; Cumberland 

(Day). 
Bythinus hurrelli, Denny. Bradfield, in moles' nests (Joy) ; Bagley Wood 

(HoUand) ; Bucks (W. E. Sharp) ; Durham, Axwell Park (Bagnall). 
Batrisus venustus, Reich. In nest of Lasius fidiginosus, Tilgate Forest 

(Donisthorpe), Cothill (Collins) ; Cumberland (Day). 
Ryhaxis sanguinea, L. Saddington Reservoir, Leicestershire (Bouskell) ; 

Belton, Suffolk (Paget) ; Hornsea Mere (Stainforth) ; Ireland, Wicklow. 
Bryaxis tcaterhousei, Rye. Lymington Salterns (Bouskell) ; Ireland, Port- 

marnock, Dublin (Halbert). 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 251 

Bryaxis fossulata, Reich, Ireland, Antrim, Cavan, Wicklow, and Wexford. 
Bryaxis helferi, Schmidt. Ireland, Donegal and Kerry ; Scotland, Kincardine- 

on -Forth (W. Evans). 
Bryaxis hcematica, Reich. Kew (Dollman) ; Ireland, Limerick and Cork. 
Bryaxis juncorum, Leach. Ireland, widely distributed. 
Bryaxis impressa, Panz. Norfolk, Horning (Edwards) ; Congham (Wood) ; 

Christow, Devonshire (de la Garde). 

Triclionyx maerkelii, Aube. With Lasius flavus, Ditchling (Dolhnan) ; 

Aspal Wood, Suffolk (Garneys) ; Chesil Beach (Beare and Donistliorpe) ; 

Portland (Cambridge) ; with L. flavus and Formica fusca, Chesham (EUi- 

man) ; in mole's nest, Coulsdon (Bedwell) ; Cumnor, near Oxford (Collins) ; 

Tiverton, Devon (de la Garde). 
Trichonyx sulcicoUis, Reich. Southfields (F. Waterhouse) ; New Forest and 

Cobham Park (Walker) ; Chesham (EUiman). Mons. Bedell records it with 

Ponera contracta near Paris. 

Trimium brevicorne, Reich. Chiddingfold, Surrey, in moss (Donisthorpe) ; 
Cobham Park, Kent (Walker). 

Bihloporus hicolor, Denny. New Forest (Donisthorpe) ; Oxford (Walker) ; 
Gibside, Durham (Bagnall) ; Cumberland (Day). 

Euplectus kunzei, Aube. Bradfield (Joy) ; Gumley (Matthews) ; Gibside, 
Durham (Bagnall). 

Euplectus punctatns, Muls. Bradfield (Joy) ; Wytham Park (Walker) ; 
DerAvent Valley (Bagnall). 

Euplectus duponti, Aub6. Bradfield (JojO- 

Euplectus hrunneus, Aube. Under bark with Myrmica at Wytham (Collins). 

Euplectus karsteni, Reich. Wolvercote (Walker) ; Southport, common ; 
Ireland, Wicklow. 

Euplectus signatus, Reich. Southport, common ; Winlaton, Durham 
(Bagnall). 

Euplectus nanus, Reich. Bradfield (Joy) ; Barham (Kirby). 

Euplectus sanguineus, Denny. Cumberland; Derwent Valley (BagnaU); 
Ireland, Dublin. 

Euplectus piceus. Mots. Richmond Park (Donisthorpe) ; Wrangaton, Devon 
(Keys) ; Wytham Park (Collins) ; Tubney (Walker) ; Southport (Chaster) ; 
Derwent Valley, Durham (Bagnall) ; Cumberland ; Scotland, Comrie, 
Perthshire (Evans) ; Isle of Arran (Bagnall). 

Euplectus amhiguus, Reich. Oxford district (Walker) ; Wicken Fen (Donis- 
thorpe) ; Lundy Island (Joy and Tomlin) ; Cumberland ; Ireland, Armagh. 

Euplectus minutissirmis, Aube. Oxford (Walker) ; Great Salkeld, Cumber- 
land (Britten) ; Winlaton Mill, Durham (BagnaU). 

TRICHOPTERYGID^ 

Pteryx suturalis, Heer. Gibside, Durham (Bagnall). 

Actinopteryx jxicicola. All. Fishbourne, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Sandown, 
I. of W. (Champion). 



252 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Ptinella hritannica, Matth. In moles' nests, Bradfield (Joy), Burwell Fen 

(Donisthorpe). 
Ptinella testacea, Heer. Enfield (Donisthorpe) ; Gibside (Bagnall). 
Ptinella denticollis, Fairm. Bradfield ( Joj^). 
Ptinella aptera, Guer. Richmond Park (Donisthorpe) ; Cumberland (Britten). 

Trichopteryx cantiana. Matt. Gumley (Matthews) ; Gibside (Bagnall). 
Trichopteryx hrevipennis^ Er. Ireland, Armagh. 
Trichopteryx bovina, Mots. Winlaton, Durham (Bagnall). 
TricJiojyferyx chevrolatii. All. Ireland, rare (Haliday). 
Triclioptenjx variolosa, Muls. Bradfield (Joy) ; Ofl'church (Chitty). 
Trichopteryx Montandonii, All. In nest of F. rufa, Parkhurst Forest, I. of W. 
(Donisthorpe). 

Smicrus filicornis, Matth. Bradfield (Joy). 

Microptilium jndchellum, All. Bradfield, in tufts from edge of a pond (Joy). 

Ncphanes titan, Newm. Southport (Chaster) ; abundant at Axwell Park, 
Durham (Bagnall). 

Ptilium spencei. All. Ireland, rare (Haliday). 

Ptilium rugulosum. All. Common in hedge-clippings, Bradfield (Joy). 

Ptilium myrmecophilum. All. With Formica rufa. Oxshott (Donisthorpe) ; 
Bradfield (Joy) ; Symond's Yat (Tomlin) ; Corbridge-on-Tyne, North- 
umberland, and Chop-well Woods, Durham (Bagnall). 

Ptilium joveolatum. All. Ireland, rare, Down (Haliday). 

Actidium coarctatum, Hal. Fishbourne, I. of W. (Donisthorpe), 

Euryptilium saxonicum, Gyll. New Forest (Joy). 

Nossidium pilosellum. Marsh. Bradfield (Joy) ; Ireland, very rare (Haliday). 

Ptenidium punctatum, Gyll. Suffolk ; Cumberland ; Ireland, Donegal and 
Derry. Inland records : Hendon, in manure-heap (E. A. Butler) ; Esher 
and Chobham (Champion). 

Ptenidium fuscicorne, Er. Flete, Devon (Keys) ; Axwell Park, Durham 

Ptenidium la;vigatum, Gyll. Hadleigh, Suffolk (Morley) ; Gibside, Durham 
(Bagnall) . 

Ptenidium atomaroides. Mots. Birds' nests, St. Kilda (Joy). 

Ptenidium kraatzii, Matth. With Formica ruja, not F. fusca. Mr. Edwards 
records it from Dunston Common, Norfolk. 

Ptenidium for micetorum, Kr. In nests of Formica ruja, Weybridge, Southamp- 
ton, and Buddon Wood (Donisthorpe) ; Winlaton, Durham (Bagnall). 

Ptenidium gressneri, Er. Bradfield, abundant (Joy). 

CORYLOPHIDiE 

Orthoperus kluki. Wank. Norfolk (Edwards) ; Oulton Broad (Donisthorpe) ; 
Water Eaton (Walker) ; Exminsltr (de la Garde). 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 25';? 

Orthoperus hrunnipes, Gyll. Enfield (Pool) ; Addington (Wood) ; Gumley 

(Matthews) ; Ireland, Kanturk (Wollaston). 
Orthopems mundus, Matth. Bradfield, Berks, and Seaford, Sussex (Joy) 

Chippenham Fen and Witham Park, Oxford (Donisthorpe) ; Enfield (Pool) 

Nethy Bridge, Inverness -shire (Bagnall). 
Orthoperus atomus, Gyll. Chiddingfold (Donisthorpe) ; Suffolk (Morley) 

Norfolk (Edwards) ; Cumberland (Britten) ; Winlaton, Durham (Bagnall) 

Ireland, Down, Galway, and Cork ; Scotland, St. Kilda, birds' nests (Joy) 
Orthoperus punctatulus, Matth. Newton More, Inverness-shire (Donisthorpe) 
Orthoperus coriaceus, Rey. Woodhay, Hants (Donisthorpe). 
Orthoperus atomarius, Heer. Bradfield (Joy). 

Corylophus cassidioides, Marsh. Ireland, Down. 

Corylophus sublcevipennis, Duv. Scilly (Joj') ; ^Vliitsand Bay (Donisthorpe). 

Sericoderus lateralis, Gyll. Ireland, widelj- distributed. 

PHALACRID^ 

Phalacrus suhstriatus, Gyll. Bagley Wood (Holland) ; Ireland, Galway. 
Phalacrus caricis, Sturm. Yarnton, Oxford (Walker) ; Theddlethorpe, Lines 
(Thornley) ; Ireland, Armagh and Louth. 

Olihrus corticalis, Pz. Abundant on Senecio vulgaris (common groundsel), 
Woking (Donisthorpe). 

Olihrus ceneus, F. Southport district, common ; one specimen, Cumberland 
(Britten) ; Ireland, Down and Wexford. 

Olihrus liquidus, Er. Spalding, Lines (W. E. Sharp) ; Tubney (Donisthorpe). 

Olihrus bicolor, F. Leicester (F. Bates) ; Ireland, common in the south-east. 

Olihrus particeps, Muls. Chesham (Elliman) ; Pevensey (Donisthorpe) ; 
Whitsand Bay (Keys). 

Olihrus affinis, Sturm. Hythe and New Forest (Newbery). 

Olihrus flavicornis, Sturm. Chesham (Elliman) ; Dover (Newbery) ; Niton, 
I. of W. (Mitford) ; Sandown, I. of W. (Champion) ; St. Margaret's Bay 
(Chitty). 

Olihrus millefolii, Payk. Oxford district (Walker) ; Shirley, Hants (New- 
bery) ; Gumley (Matthews). 

Olihrus pygmanis, Sturm. " Attached to Filago germanica,'" Cromer (Elli- 
man) ; Braunton (de la Garde) ; Doddington (Chitty) ; Tubney (Walker) ; 
by sweeping Achillea millejolium, Brandon (Morley) ; on Filago, Ditchling 
(Dollman). 

Stilhus testaceus, Pz. South Cove, and near Hull (Stainforth). 
Stilhus atomarius, L. Snodland (Champion) ; Stalham district (Chitty). 
Stilhus ohlongus, Er. Brandon and Oulton Broad (Morley) ; Wicken Fen 
(Donisthorpe) ; Yarnton (Walker). 



254 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

COCCINELLID^ 

Suhcoccinella vigintiquaiuor -punctata, L. Suffolk, not -uncommon (Morley) ; 
Norfolk, very local, Whitwell and Booton Commons (Edwards) ; Baughurst, 
Berks, and Lundy Island (Joy) ; Ilfracombe (Donisthorpe) ; Cumberland ; 
Freshney Bogs, Lines (Wallace) ; Ireland, Antrim. 

Hippodamia 13-punctata, L. Addington Park, Kent (Donisthorpe) ; Oxford, 
1819 (Hope); Ireland, widely distributed. 

Anisosticta novemdecimpunctata, L. Doncaster district (Corbett) ; Ireland 
Kenmare Wood, co. Kerry (G. H. Cuthbert). 

Adalia bipunctata, L. Waterford is the only locality given for this species in 
the Irish List. Found in cop., with Coccinella variabilis, by J. W. Douglas 
at Lewisham. 

Mysia oblongo-guttata, L. Ireland, not common, Donegal, Armagh, Galway, 
Dublin, and Wicklow. 

Anatis ocdlata, L. Ireland, Donegal, Armagh, Fermanagh, Dublin, and 
Wicklow. 

Coccinella hieroglyphica, L. Leighton Buzzard (Crawshay) ; Tubney (Walker) ; 

Wicken Fen (Donisthorpe) ; Doncaster (Corbett) ; Ireland, frequent on 

heaths. 
Coccinella W-punctata, L. Common, and widely distributed throughout the 

kingdom. 
Coccinella W-punctata, var. confluens, Donis. Scotland, Culbin sandhills, 

Moray coast (Chitty) ; Tiree (Donisthorpe) ; Ireland, Machrihamish Bay. 

Mull of Kintyre (Walker) ; Renvyle, co. Galway (Cruttwell) ; Rossbeigh, 

CO. Kerry (Donisthorpe). 
Coccinella 5-punctata, L. Meavy VaUey, Devonshire (Keys). 
Coccinella distincta, Fald. In and about the nests of Formica rufa ; Wey- 

bridge, Bleane Woods, Pamber Forest, Bexhill and Bewdley Forest (Donis- 
thorpe) ; Woking (Champion). 

Halyzia 12-guttata, Pods. This is a doubtful British species. The Irish record 

" is probably due to some confusion in synonymy." 
Halyzia l6-guttata, L. New Forest (Donisthorpe) ; Suffolk, Eye district 

(Morley), Bungay (Garneys) ; Cumberland (Britten) ; Ireland, widely 

distributed. 
Halyzia 18-guttata, L. Ireland, widely distributed, but not common. 
Halyzia conglobata, L. Scotland, Aberfoyle (Evans). 
Halyzia 22-punctata, L. Ireland, common in Ulster and Leinster, rarer 

westward. 

Hyperaspis reppensis, Herbst. Ditchling, Sussex (DoUman) ; Isle of Wight, 
Blackgang (Guyon), Sandown (Donisthorpe) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; 
Lundy Island (Joy) ; Doncaster ; Cumberland ; Ireland, Donegal and 
Derry. 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 255 

Sa/mmis pulchellus, Herbst. Suffolk, Coddenliam, in numbers ofif Pinus 
sylvestris. May to September (Fox) ; Ireland, Gortconny Bog, co. Antrim 
(Chaster and Tomlin). 

Sctpnnus redtenbacheri, Muls. Caterham, Guildford, Chatham, and Weymouth 
(Walker) ; Hounslow (Champion) ; Lundy Island (Joy) ; Ireland, common. 

Scijmnus nigrinus, Kug. New Forest and Pamber Forest (Donisthorpe) ; 
Suffolk, Brandon (Elliott) ; Oxford district (Walker). 

Sci/mnus frontalis, F. Birkdale sandJiills (Chaster and Sopp) ; Great Cotes, 
Lines (Wallace). 

Sci/mnus arcuatus, Rossi. A specimen was recorded by Mr. T. H. Hall in 
1890, as beaten off ivy near Box Hill. Mr. Pool tells us he was with Mr. Hall 
at the time, and that the insect was taken in Headley Lane. 

Scymnus limhatus, Steph. Has been taken on willows at Cheshunt and 
under bark in Epping Forest by Mr. Pool, and at Coe Fen by Mr. Dollman, no 
fir-trees being anywhere near. S. suturalis is always found on fir. I believe 
limhatus to be a good species. 

Scymnus testaceus. Mots. Ditchling (Dollman) ; Lundy Island (Joy) ; Scot- 
land, East Lothian (Evans). Irish records refer to S. redtenbacheri. 

Scymnus hcemorrhoidalis, Hbst. Cumberland (Britten). 

Scymnus ater, Kug. Boxhill, Pamber Forest, and Chesham (Donisthorpe) ; 
Chilswell Hills (Holland). 

Scymnus minimus, Rossi. . Plymouth district (Keys) ; Gumley, Leicestershire 
(Matthews) ; Enslow Bridge, near Oxford (Walker). 

Platynaspis luteorubra, Goeze. Huntingfield, abundant in old hedges (Chitty) ; 
Oxford (Walker) ; N. Cornwall (Butler). 

Chilocorus similis, Ross. Cumberland (Britten) ; Lincolnshire (Wallace). 
Chilocorus bipustulatus, L. Cumberland (Britten) ; Ireland, widely dis- 
tributed. 

Coccidula scutdlata, Herbst. Suffolk ; Cambridge (Dollman). 

ENDOMYCHID^ 

Symbiotes latus, Redt. Ealing (Donisthorpe and Dollman) ; Enfield district, 
not uncommon (Pool) ; Gorsfield, Essex (Beaumont) ; Bradfield (Joy) ; 
Grantchester, and Hanwell (Dollman) ; Wood Eaton (Walker). 

Mycetcea hirta, Marsh. Ireland, " rare in moss " ! Kerry, 

Lycoperdina bovistce, F. Newport, I. of W. (Jeffery) ; Shere (Bedwell) ; 
Weybridge (Donisthorpe) ; Tubney (Walker) ; Chesham (EUiman) ; 
Ipswich (Morley) ; Norfolk (Burrell) ; Buckfastleigh, Devon (de la Garde) ; 
Buddon Wood (F. Bates) ; Bardon Hill (Bouskell). 

EROTYLIDiE 

Dacne humeralis, F. New Forest and Kearsney (Donisthorpe) ; Enfield 
(Pool) ; Oxford district (Walker) ; Newton Cliff, Lines (Thornley) ; Grant- 
Chester (Dollman). 



256 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Triplax russica, L. Enfield (Pool) ; Wicken Fen (Donistliorpe) ; Suffolk, 
widely distributed ; Norfolk, Harford Bridges (Beaumont). 

Triplax cenea, Scliall. Cannock Chase (Bouskell) ; Suffolk, Stoke-by- 
Nayland (Harwood) ; Derwent Valley, Durham (Bagnall) ; " certainly 
Irish " (Haliday). 

Cyrtotriplax hicolor, F. Oxshott (Donisthorpe) ; West Wickham (W. E' 
Sharp) ; Doddington (Chitty) ; Suffolk, Bentley Woods (Morley), Bury 
district (Tuck) ; Llandaff, S. Wales (Tomlin). 

COLYDIIDiE 

Aglenus hrunneus, Gyll. In posts in a cellar in Shoe Lane, London (Rye) ; 
in plenty in a heap of sacks of old bones, &c., Queenborough (Chitty) ; in 
haystack, near Oxford (Holland and Collins) ; in cowshed, Ditchling 
(Dollman). 

Cohjdium elongatum, F. It is not alone parasitic on Platyptis, the latter insect 
being very scarce in the New Forest. Colydiiim has been taken in the 
burrows of Melasis buprestoides and Scolytus intricatus by Mr. Donisthorpe, 
and in those of Dryoccetes villosus by Mr. Bouskell. 

Oxylcemus variolosus, Duft. Darenth Wood (West) ; Bradfield, Berks (Joy) ; 
Bagley Wood, Oxford (Walker). 

Orthocerus muticus, L. Studland (Donisthorpe) ; Ditchling Beacon (Doll- 
man) ; Tubney (Holland) ; Lundy Island (Wollaston) ; Norfolk, North 
Denes (Paget), Winterton sandhills (Wood) ; Bradgate Park, Leicester- 
shire (F. Bates). 

Ditoma crenata, F. Chiddingfold, in plenty (Donisthorpe) ; Gumley 
(Matthews). 

Synchita juglandis, F. The record " near Merton, Surrey," refers to Merton 
Park, Thetford, Norfolk ; Sherwood Forest (Beare, Donisthorpe, and 
Taylor). 

Cicones variegatus, Hellw. Bradfield (Joy). 

Myrmecoxenus vaporariorum, Guer. In manure-heap, Summertown (Walker) ; 
Hanwell (Dollman). 

Cerylon histeroides, F. Ireland, Derry, Antrim, and Kerry. 

Cerylon jagi, Bris. Red form, Kearsney (Donisthorpe) ; Bucks (W. E. 

Sharp) ; Wrangaton, Devon (Keys) ; Gibside, Durham (Bagnall). 
Cerylon ferrugineum, Steph. Enfield (Pool) ; Ferry Hinksey (Holland) ; 

Norfolk, Stratton Strawless (Edwards) ; Parbold, Southport district 

(Chaster and Sopp) ; Derwent Valley, Durham (Bagnall). 
Cerylon deplanatum, Gyll. Mr. Gorham tells us he has never taken it in the 

New Forest. 

HISTERID^ 

Hister quadrimactdatus, L. Iwade, in plenty in flood refuse (Walker) ; Wey- 
mouth (Donisthorpe). 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 257 

Hister nnicolor, L. Suffolk (Morley) ; Norfolk (Edwards) ; Lincolnshire 

(Wallace). 
Hister merdarius, Hoff. Isle of Sheppey (Walker) ; in refuse heap, Brox- 

bourne, Herts (Jennings) ; in birds' nests, Enfield (Pool), Bradfield (Joy), 

DitchHng (Dollman) ; Huntingfield (Chitty) ; Water Eaton (Collins) ; 

Leighton Buzzard (Crawshay) ; Suffolk (Morley) ; Scotland, Merchiston, 

Edinburgh (W. Evans). 
- Hister stercorarius, Hoff. Braunton sandhills (de la Garde) ; Birkdale 

sandhills (Chaster and Sopp) ; Cornwall, St. Issey (Lawrence Riley) ; 

Llandaff (Tomlin). 
Hister jyurpurascens, Herbst. Ireland, Galway. 
. Hister marginatus, Er. With Lasius fuliginosus and Formica rvfo, Colchester 

(Harwood) ; in carrion, Leighton Buzzard (Crawshay) ; in moles' nests, 

Bradfield (Joy) ; Sandown, I. of W. (Taylor). Widely distributed in moles' 

nests. 
Hister neglectus. Germ. Ireland, widely distributed. 
Hister hissexstriatus, F. Leicester (F. Bates) ; Leighton Buzzard (Crawshay) ; 

Southport sandhills (Chaster) ; Cumberland (Britten) ; Winlaton, Durham 

(Bagnall). 
Hister \2-striatus, Sch. Southport district ; Cumberland ; Ireland, Dublin 

and Kerry. 
Hister himaculaius, L. Ireland, Donegal, Derry, and Wicklow. '^'-^ '^ *~^ f—^ 

Paromalus parallelopipedus, Herbst. One specimen swept at Brockenhurst 
by Mr. 0. E. Janson. 

Kissister minima, Aube. Bury district (Tuck) ; Sandown, I. of W. (Donis- 
thorpe) ; Oxford (Chitty). 

Carcinops 14:-striatus, Steph. In a London bakehouse (Jennings) ; Oxford 
and Queenborough, in bone-house, &c. (Walker) ; Woolwich (Bedwell). 

Hetcerius ferrugineus, 01. In nest of F. fusca. Box Hill (Bedwell, 1909). 

Dendropliilus punctatus. 111. In nest of Formica rufa, Weybridge, in cellar 
in a granary, Holborn, and in bird's nest, Oxshott (Donisthorpe) ; Enfield 
(Pool) ; Chipstead (Bedwell) ; in debris of owl's nest. Isle of Sheppey 
(Walker) ; in bone heap (Queenborough) ; in birds' nests, Bradfield, &c. 
(Joy) : Saltfleet, Lines (L. N. U.). 

Dendropliilus pygmceus, L. In nests of Formica rufa. Oxshott and Weybridge 
(Donisthorpe) ; Walthamstow (Butler) ; Colchester (Harwood) ; Corbridge- 
on-Tyne (Bagnall) ; Swanscombe (Bedwell). 

Myrmetes piceus, Payk. With Formica rufa. Oxshott and Weybridge 
(Donisthorpe) ; Walthamstow (Butler) ; Wellington College (Joy) ; 
Tubney (Collins) ; Corbridge-on-Tyne (Bagnall) : Harewood Forest 
(Lloyd). 

Saprinus oeneus, F. Ireland, Donegal, Derry, Clare, Waterford, and Kerry. 
Saprinus immundus, Gyll. Ireland, Rosses Point, Sligo (Johnson). 

B 



258 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Saprinus ceneus, F., and immundus, Gyll. In the E. M. M. for 1897, p. 45, 
Mr. G. Lewis points out very clearly the difference between these two 
beetles. 

Saprinus virescens, Payk. Cobham Park and Cothill (Walker) ; Woking 
and Pamber Forest (Donisthorpe) ; Belstead, Suffolk (Morley) ; Ditchling, 
Sussex (DoUman) ; Leighton Buzzard (Crawshay) ; Dawlish (Keys) ; in 
nest of sand-martin, Moortown, Lincolnshire (Wallace). 

Hypocaccus quadristriatus, Hoff. Ireland, Antrim. 

Hypocaccus metallicus, Herbst. Lincolnshire, Mablethorpe (Pym), Trus- 

thorpe (Thornley). 
Hypocaccus rugifrons, Payk. Ireland, Antrim. 

Pachylopus maritimus, Steph. Sandown, I. of W. (Champion) ; Torksey, 
Lines, forty miles from sea (Pegler) ; Ireland, widely distributed. 

Teretrius picipes, F. In and about the borings of Lyctus brunneus, in oak 
fences, in numbers, Southfields (E. A. Waterhouse) ; Bungay (Garneys) : 
Ashstead (Bedwell), in borings of L. canaliculatus. 

Plegaderus dissecius, Er. Tewkesbury, in decayed wood of old poplar-tree 
(Donisthorpe) ; in elm stump, Wood Eaton (Walker). 

Ahrceus globosus, Hoff. Enfield (Pool) ; New Forest and Tewksbury 
(Donisthorpe) ; Oxford district ; Suffolk, Brandon (Moi'ley), Bury district 
(Tuck) ; Norfolk (Burrell). The larva of this beetle was described by 
Perris from a nest of Lasius fjliginosus. 

Ahrceus granulum, Er. Bradfield (Joy) ; Stoke Edith Park, Herefordshire 
(Tomlin). 

Halacritus puncium, Aube, Bembridge, I. of W. (Ellis) ; Gumley, Leicester- 
shire (Matthews) ; Whitsand Bay (Keys). 

Acritus minutus, Herbst. Ireland, Down, Armagh, and Dublin. 
Acrifus nigricornis, Hoff. Wytham Park (Walker). 

Onthophilus globulosus, 01. Coulsdon. in moles' nests (Bedwell) ; Tubney 
(Holland) ; Sandy, Beds (Crotch) : Brandon (Morley) ; Mousehold Heath 
(Edwards) ; Roundham Heath (Thouless) ; Sandown, I. of W., in moles' 
nests (Taylor). 

MICROPEPLID^ 

Micropeplus porcatus, Payk. Ireland, Donegal, Derry, Antrim, Down, and 

Kerry. 
Micropeplus staphylinoides, Marsh. Ireland, rare, Down, Armagh, Dublin, 

and Cork. 
Micropeplus margaritce, Duv. Ireland, Derry, Dublin, and Cork. 
Micropeplus tesserula, Curt. Ireland, Derry and Down. 

NITIDULID^ 

Brachypterus gravidus. 111. Southport district (Chaster and Sopp). 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. '259 

Brachypierus pubescens, Er. Ireland, widely distributed. 

Cerciis pedicularis, L. Near Oxford (Walker) ; Woodhay (Donisthorpe) ; 
Great Coates, Lines (Thornley) ; Ireland, widely distributed. 

Cercus hipustnlatus, Payk. Ireland, Roscommon and Westmeath. 

Cercus rufilabris, Latr. Freshney Bogs, Lines (Thornley) ; Scotland, Orchard- 
ton (Douglas) ; Ireland, widely distributed. 

Carpophilus hemipterus, L. At Cossus tree, Compton, Plymouth (Keys) ; 

several in rotting branch, Bagley Wood (Shipp) ; Ireland, Dublin, in rotten 

wood (Hogan) ; Limerick (Bullock). 
Carpophilus sexpustulatus, F. Under bark, near Doncaster (E. G. Bayford, 

March 23, 1894) ; under bark of elm, Sandall Beat, near Doncaster (Dr. 

Corbett, March 18, 1904) ; eight specimens off dead hoodie crow, February 

1907 (Bayford and Corbett). 

Epurcea decemguftafa, F. Bradfield, Berks (Joy) ; Eaton, Norfolk (Edwards). 
Epurcea diffusa, Bris. Edmonton (Jennings) ; Bradfield (Joy) ; Stoke Edith, 

Herefordshire (Tomlin) ; Chiddingfold (Donisthorpe). 
Epurcea melina, Er. Cumberland ; Devonshire ; Ireland, Down and Cork. 
Epurcea silacea, Herbst. Nethy Bridge, abundant (Bishop and Donisthorpe). 
Epurcea oblonga, Herbst. Chobham (Champion) ; Cromer (EUiman) ; Win- 

laton, Durham (Bagnall) ; Ireland, Donegal. 
Epurcea lo7igula, Er. Bovey Tracey (de la Garde) ; Porlock (Donisthorpe) ; 

Gibside, Durham (Bagnall) ; Ireland, Donegal and Galway. 
Epurcea florea, Er. Ireland, widely distributed and probably common. 
Epurcea parvula, Sturm. Woking (Champion) ; Cumberland (Day) ; Gibside 

(Bagnall) ; Rannoch (Donisthorpe). Mr. Bagnall has shown that the 

pabulum of E. parvula, Er., is a fungus, Daldinia concentrica (E. M. M., 

1906, p. 229). 
Epurcea obsoleta, F. Ireland, Donegal and Down. 
Epurcea variegata, Herbst. In fungi, Leicester district (F. Bates) : Rannoch, 

in some numbers (Bishop). 
Epurcea angustula, Er. In the borings of Trypodendron domesticum, Winlaton 

(Bagnall) ; Ireland, Donegal (Buckle). 

Omosiphora limbata, F. Water Eaton (Walker). 

Micrurula melanocephala. Marsh. Peppard, Henley-on-Thames (Fowler) ; 
Bagley Wood (Walker) ; Norton, Lines (E. A. Waterhouse) ; Winlaton 
Mill, Durham (Bagnall) ; Ugboro Beacon, Devon (de la Garde). 

Nitidula quudripustulata, F. Isle of Wight, Bembridge (Champion), Blackgang 
(Donisthorpe) ; Gumley (Matthews) ; Oxford district (Walker) ; Leighton 
Buzzard (Crawshay). 

Nitidula rufipes, L. Cheshunt (Pool) ; Leighton Buzzard (Crawshay) ; 
Oxted, New Forest, and Blackgang, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Guildford and 
Bembridge, I. of W. (Champion) ; Ferndale, Dorset (Sopp) ; Oxford 
(Walker) ; Gumley (Matthews) ; Torksey, Lines (Pegler) ; South Brent, 
Devon (Keys). 



260 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Soronia punctatissima. III. Suffolk (Morley) ; Bradfield, Berks (Joy) ; 
Cowley (Donisthorpe) ; Summertown (Walker) ; Devonshire (de la Garde). 
Soronia grisea, L. Lincolnshire, Cadney (Peacock) ; Spalding (W. E. Sharp). 

Amphotis marginata, Er. In nests of Lasius fuliginosus, Oxshott, Walton, 
Weybridge, and Pyrford (Donisthorpe) ; Colchester (Harwood) ; Welling- 
ton College (Joy) ; Pangbourne (WoUaston) ; Darenth Wood and near 
Plymouth (Reading) ; Little Eaton, Derbyshire (E. Brown) ; Netley, 
Shropshire. 

Omosita depressa, L. New Forest, in plenty (Donisthorpe) ; Plymouth district 
(Keys) ; Grimsby district (Wallace) ; Stoke Edith, Herefordshire (Tomlin). 

Thalycra sericea, Sturm. In truffles, Epping Forest (G. Nicholson) ; evening 
sweeping, Woking (Champion) ; Cobham Park (Walker) ; Oxford, Tubney 
(Donisthorpe), Wytham Park (Walker) ; Bradfield, Berks (Joy) ; Woodhay 
Hants (Harwood) ; Six Mile Bottom (Jenkinson) ; Bromyard, Hereford 
shire (Tomlin). 

Pocadius ferrugineus, F. Ryde, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Doncaster (Corbett) 
Lincolnshire ; Ireland, Galway, Louth, Westmeath, Dublin, and Clare. 

Pria dulcamarce. Scop. Suffolk, not uncommon ; Norfolk, very local 
Ditchling (Dollman). 

Meligefhes rufipes, Gyll. Ireland, Down and Galway. 

Meligefhes lumharis, Sturm. Bovey Tracey (de la Garde) ; Ireland, common 

in the south-east. 
Meligethes fulvipes, Bris. Hunstanton (Edwards). 
Meligefhes subrugosus, Gyll. Ugboro Beacon, Devon (Keys and de la Garde) ; 

Cumberland (Day). 
Meligethes difficilis, Heer. Scotland, Burnfoot, near Langholm (Douglass). 
Meligethes ochropus, Stm. Yarnton (Collins). 
Meligethes viduatus, Sturm. On Galeopsis ludanum, v. canescens, Pevensey 

(Donisthorpe) ; by sweeping Geum rivale, Cumberland (Britten). 
Meligethes pedicularius, Gyll. In dandelion flowers, Aldeburgh (Morley) ; 

Ireland, Dublin. 
Meligethes hidens, Bris. On Teucrium Scorodonia, Oxford district (Walker) ; 

Chesham, on Scabiosa succisa (Elliman) ; Whitlingham, Norfolk (Edwards) ; 

Cumberland (Day). 
Meligethes rotundicollis, Bris. Buckland Hill (Bedwell). 

Meligethes umbrosus, Sturm. Shotover (Holland) ; Barham, Suffolk (Morley). 
Meligethes ovatus, Sturm. Spalding, Lines (W. E. Sharp) ; Ireland, Wexford. 
Meligethes symphyti, Heer. Gumley (Matthews). 
MeligetJies murinus, Er. On Echium, Huntingfield (Chitty) ; Oxford district ; 

near Llandudno (W. E. Sharp). 
Meligethes liigubris, Sturm. Lundy Island (Wollaston). According to 

Reitter, the var. gagathinus is a good species. Bovey Tracey (de la Garde). 
Meligethes obscurus, Er. Oxford district ; Suffolk (Morley) ; Cromer (Elli- 
man) ; Lundy Island (Joy) ; Isle of Man (Bailey) ; Ireland,Galway, Dublin, 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 2G1 

Wicklow, Wexford, Waterford, Cork, and Kerry. Dr. Bailey gives a list of 

the flowers frequented by this species and M. exilis in the Isle of Man 

(E. M. M., 1905, p. 21). 
Meligetlies erijthropus, Gyll. Gorton, Suffolk (Butler) ; Ireland, Donegal, 

Derry, Armagh, Dublin, and Wexford. 
Meligetlies bidentafus, Bris. Mr. Crotch's specimens have unfortunately been 

lost. Seaford (Fowler). 

Cryptarcha strigata, F. Wytham Park (Walker) ; Bentley Woods, Suffolk 
(Morley) ; Cossey, Norfolk (Edwards) ; Bradfield, Berks (Joy). 

Cri/pfarcha imperialis, F. Bentley Woods (Morley) ; Oulton Broad (Bed- 
well) ; Forncett, Norfolk (Brown) ; Bradfield (Joy) ; Oxford (Walker). 

Ips quadri punctata, Herbst. Oxford, Bagley Wood (Hamm), Witham Wood 
(Collins) ; Owston Wood, Leicestershire (Bouskell) ; Louth district. Lines 
(Goulding) ; Bovey Tracey, Devon (de la Garde). 

Ips quadri piistulata, L. Ireland, Tyrone. 

Pityophagus ferrugineus, F. Besselsleigh, near Oxford (Walker) ; Foxhall, 
Suffolk (Morley) ; Norfolk (Stephens) ; Gumley (Matthews) ; Ireland, 
Galway, Meath, and Kerry. 

Rliizophagus cribratus, Gyll. Tubney (Walker) ; Bury district, Suffolk 
(Tuck) ; Earlham, Norfolk (Edwards) ; Doncaster (Corbett) ; Derwcnt 
Valley, Durham (Bagnall) ; Scotland, Orchardton, common (Douglas), 
Edinburgh (Evans), Spey district (Chitty). 

Rliizophagus perforatus, Er. Devonshire, attracted by putrid meat (de la 
Garde) ; Cumberland ; Gibside, Durham (Bagnall) ; Ireland, Armagh and 
Dublin. 

Rliizophagus parallelocollis, Er. In dead bodies — see E. M. M., 1888, \x 2 76 
(Fowler) ; Bradfield, in a grave (Joy) ; in seed potatoes (Butler) ; Great 
Blakenham, Suffolk (Morley) ; Waxham. Norfolk (Champion) ; Buekfast- 
leigh, Devon (de la Garde) ; Southport (Chaster) ; Ireland, Armagh 
(Johnson), Antrim, in numbers crawling on tombstones in Armoy Church- 
yard (Chaster). 

Rhizophagus ferrugineus, Payk. Ireland, Donegal, Galway, and Cork. 

Rliizophagus nitidulus, F. Garve (Joy). 

Rhizophagus dispar, Gyll. Devonshire (de la Garde) ; Ireland, local, but 
widely distributed. 

Rhizophagiis bipustulafus, F. Not recorded in the Irish List. 

Rhizophagus politus. Hell. Bletchington, near Oxford (Hamm). 

Rhizophagus cceruleipennis. Sahib, [cyanipennis. Hardy). New Forest (Sharp) • 
Derwent Valley (Bagnall) ; Durham (Hardy) ; Woking (Chani]iior)) : 
Christow, Devon (de la Gai-de) ; Tiverton, Devon (Rendel). 

TROGOSITID^ 
Thymalus limbntus, F. Ireland, Kenmare, co. Kerry (Hardy). 



262 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

MOXOTOMIDiE 

Monotoyna conicicollis, Aube. In nests of Formica rufa. Oxshott and 
Weybriclge (Donisthorpe) ; Walthamstow (Butler) ; Wigmore Wood, Kent 
(Walker) ; Tubney (Collins) ; Wellington College (Joy) ; Keswick, Cumber- 
land (Britten) ; Choppwell Woods, Durham and Corbridge, Northumberland 
(Bagnall). 

Monotonia formicetorum, Thoms. In nests of F. rufa. Oxshott and Wey- 
bridge (Donisthorpe) ; Wigmore Wood (Walker) ; Bleane Woods (Chitty) ; 
Walthamstow (Butler) ; Colchester (Harwood) ; Wellington College (Joy) ; 
Tubney (Collins) ; Choppwell Woods, Durham (Bagnall) ; Keswick, 
Cumberland (Britten) ; Ireland, Caragh Lake (Bouskell). 

Monotonia spinicollis, Aube. Cothill, Oxford (Walker) ; Market Bosworth, 
Leicestershire (Donisthorpe) ; Yorkshire ; Ireland, Cork. 

Monotoma brevicollis, Aube. Chaldon, Surrey (Bedwell) ; Glemsford, Suffolk 
(Tomlin) ; Norfolk, scarce (Edwards) ; Scilly (Joy) ; Devonshire (Keys) . 

Monotoma 'picipes, Herbst. Ireland, Donegal, Down, Armagh, Wicklow, and 
Kerry. 

Monotoyna quadricollis. Aube. Yarnton (Collins) ; Southport (Chaster and 
Sopp). 

Monotoma rufa, Redt. Yarnton (Collins) ; abundant in vegetable refuse in 
the Southport district in 1902 (Chaster and Sopp). 

Monotoma longicollis, Gyll. Huntingfield (Chitty) ; Sandown, I. of W., and 
Market Bosworth (Donisthorpe) ; Wood Eaton (Walker) ; Devonshire 
(Keys) ; Birkdale (Chaster and Sopp) ; Cumberland ; Ireland, Cork. 

LATHRIDIID^ 

Holoparamecus depressus, Curt. Oxford (Shipp). 

Holoparamecus caularum, Aube. In bone-sack heap, Queenborough (Walker) ; 

in manure heap, Hendon (E. A. Butler) ; in haystack. Water Eaton 

(Walker). 
Anommatus 12-striatus, Wesm. West Malvern (Tomlin) ; Wolvercote 

(Walker) ; Streatley, Berks (Joy) ; Gibside (Bagnall) ; Scotland, Edinburgh 

(Evans). 
Lathridius angulatus, Humm. Taken in cof). with Corticaria crenulata 

(Donisthorpe) ; Tostock, Suffolk (Tuck) ; Trowse, Norfolk (Edwards) ; 

Wear and Derwent Valley (Bagnall) ; Sandown, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; 

Whitsand Bay (Keys). 
Coninom^is constrictus, Gyll. On pines and oak, Woking (Champion). 
Coninonius nodifer, Westw. Ireland, widely distributed, common in the north. 
Enicmus testaceus, Steph. Wytham Park (Walker) ; and hrevicornis, Mannh. 

Both taken in Cumberland by Britten. 
Cartodere filiformis, Gyll. Gumley (Matthews) ; two specimens taken by 

Mr. Britten in his house in Cumberland. 
Cartodere elongata. Curt. Bentley Woods (Morley) ; Richmond Park and 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 263 

Weybridge (Donisthorpe) ; Oxford district (Walker) ; Alnwick, Durham 

(Bagnall). 
Cartodere filiim, Aube. Gumley (Matthews) ; Ireland, Glasnevin Herbarium, 

Dublin. 
Cartodere ruflcollis. Marsh. Common in haystack refuse, Cumberland 

(Britten). 
Corticaria crenulata, Gyll. Ireland, a single specimen, Dublin. 
Corticaria denticulafa, Gyll. Ireland, Donegal. Antrim, and Armagh. 
Corticaria serrata, Payk. Sherwood Forest (Donisthorpe) ; Wytham Park 

(Walker) ; Trusthorpe, Lines (Thornley) ; Ireland, Armagh. 
Corticaria umhilicata. Beck. Scotland, Forres (Chitty) ; Ireland, Antrim and 

Kerry. 
Corticaria fulva. Com. In corn shop, Edmonton (Pool) ; in a granary, 

Holborn, and in wine-cellar, Sydenham (Donisthorpe) ; in cellar. Shoe 

Lane (Rye) ; in wine-cellar. Bradfield (Joy) ; Norfolk (Edwards) ; Water 

Eaton (Walker) ; Ireland, Tipperary. 
Corticaria fenestralis, L. Cumberland ; Scotland, Nethy Bridge (Donis- 
thorpe) ; Ireland, King's County. 
Melanoplithalma transversalis v. Wollastoni, Wat: Pevensey and Wicken 

Fen (Donisthorpe) ; Ireland, Cork. 
Melanophthalma similata, Gyll. Occurs on the spruce fir, Bradfield (Joy) ; 

Guildford and Woking (Champion) ; New Forest and Nethy Bridge 

(Dr. Sharp) ; Tubney (Tomlin and Walker) ; Glemsford, Suffolk (Tomlin). 

CUCUJIDiE 

Pediacus dermestoides, F. Under bark of Spanish chestnut, Bradfield (Joy) ; 
Wytham Park (Walker) ; Cromer (Elliman) ; Market Bosworth, Leicester- 
shire (Bouskell). 

Pediacus depressus, Herbst. Enfield (Pool) ; Sheerness district (Donisthorpe) ; 
Woking (Barton). 

Ltemophlreus himaculatus, Payk. Enfield (Pool) ; Guildford (Champion). 

Lcemophlosus duplicatiis, Waltl. Newchurch, I. of W. (Elhs) ; Water Eaton 
(Walker). 

LcemopM(Xus pusillus, Schon. In granaries, Holborn and Stroud (Donis- 
thorpe) ; Yorkshire ; Scotland, Boniss and Edinburgh (Godfrey). 

Lcemophlosus ferrugineus, Steph. Under pine bark, Oxshott. vmder oak bark, 
Bexley, under beech bark, New Forest, and in plenty in a granarj^ 
Holborn (Donisthorpe) ; Suffolk, in nest of Vespa germanica, Bury (Tuck) ; 
Wherstead and Dodnash Wood (Morley). 

La'mophloeus ater, 01. Oxshott (Blandford) ; Chawley (Walker) ; Suffolk 
(Morley) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; Shanklin, I. of W. (Pool). 

Lcemoplilceus clemafidis, Er. Higham (Walker). 

Brontes planatus, L. Carlisle (Day). 

Psammoechus bipunctatus, F. Chesham, black form (ElHman) ; Suffolk, 
Foxhall and Sproughton (Morley) ; Oulton Broad (Donisthorpe) ; Oxford 
district (Walker) ; Yorkshire. 



264 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Hi/pocopriis quadricollis, Reit. {lathridioides, Brit. Cat.). Camber, near Rye, 
under sheep's dung (Bennett), under dead fowl (Butler). According to 
Captain Sainte-Claire Deville, it is found in nests of Formica rufa, and 
under dry dung in France. 

Silvanus surinamensis, L. In fungus on elm, Enfield (Pool) ; by beating 
faggots near Kingsclere, far from any houses (Donisthorpe). 

Silvanus unidentatus, F. Chiddingfold, in plenty, in company with Ditoma 
crenata (Donisthorpe). 

Cathartus advena, Walth. In bakehouse, Llandaff (Tomlin). 

CRYPTOPHAGID^ 

Diphyllus lunatus, F. Streatley, Berks (Joy) ; Luccombe and Ryde, I. of W., 
and Porlock (Beare and Donisthorpe) ; Porthkerry, S. Wales (Tomlin) ; 
Oxford district (Walker). 

Diplocoelus fagi, Guer. Streatley, Berks (Joy). 

Telmatophilus sparganii, Ahr. Winchelsea, in plenty (Bennett). The male 

characters of this species are discussed by Mr. Champion (E. M. M., 1897, 

p. 214). 
Telmatophilus caricis, 01. Lincolnshire (Thornley) ; Cumberland (Britten) ; 

Ireland, common. 
Telmatophilus typhce. Fall. Hastings district (Bennett) ; Ireland, Clare. 
Telmatophilus schonherri, Gyll. Cothill (Walker) ; Norfolk, Arminghall pits 

(Edwards), Sutton Broad, in plenty (Donisthorpe). 
Telmatophilus brevicollis, Aube. Hastings district (Bennett). 

Anfherophagus nigricornis, F. Eskdale, Cumberland (Fowler) ; Blackgang, 
I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Buckfastleigh, Devonshire (de la Garde) ; Snowdon 
(Sopp and Tomlin) ; Doncaster (Corbett) ; Ireland, Donegal and Derry, in 
nests of Bomhus terrestris (Buckle), Antrim, Queen's County, and Kerry. 

Antherophagus pallens, Gyll. Isle of Wight, Sandown, in Bomhus nest (Doll- 
man) ; Chiddingfold (Donisthorpe) ; Bradfield (Joy) ; Tubney (Walker) ; in 
nests of Bomhus agrorum, lapidarius, and sylvarum. Bury district (Tuck) ; 
Norfolk (Edwards) ; Birkdale sandhills (Chaster and Sopp) ; Lincolnshire 
(Wallace) ; Ireland, Donegal, Derry, Antrim, Down, Galway, and Meath. 

Antherophagus silaceus, Herbst. Coulsdon (Bedwell) ; Woking (Champion) ; 
New Forest, in nest of Bomhus muscorum, and Iden, Sussex, sweeping 
(Donisthorpe) ; Suffolk, Southwold (Saunders), Nacton (Piffard) ; South- 
port (Chaster) ; N. Cornwall (Butler). 

Cryptophagus lycoperdi, Herbst. Gibside (Bagnall) ; Cumberland (Day) ; 

Ireland, Down and Dublin. 
Cryptophagus schmidti, Sturm. In a granary, Strood (Walker). 
Cryptophagus setulosus, Sturm. In nests of Bomhus muscorum. New Forest 

and Kingsclere (Donisthorpe) ; Suffolk, in wasps' nests. Bury district 

(Tuck), Ipswich (Morley) ; Lundy Island (Joy) ; Ireland, Derry, Antrim, 

Down, and Armagh. 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 2t)5 

CryptopJiagus pilosus, Gyll. Ireland, Waterford and Donegal. 

Crypto pliagus pundipennis, Bris. Oxford district (Walker) ; in bees' nests, 
Bury district (Tuck). 

Crypiophagus ruficornis, Steph. In Sphceria concentrica, Gatton Park (Bed- 
well) ; Ryde, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Gibside, Durham (Bagnall) ; 
Streatley (Joy) ; Arundel Park (W. E. Sharp) ; Wytham Park (Walker). 

Cryptophagus populi, Payk. Woking (Champion) ; Leighton Buzzard 
(Crawshay) ; Barnby Broad (Bedwell) ; Tubney (Walker) ; Gumley 
(Matthews). The Rev. G. Crawshay has bred it in large numbers from a 
few specimens taken at Leighton, and has reared specimens of the rare 
form with black elytra (not hitherto recorded from Britain), and one solitary 
black specimen by selection. 

Cryptophagus umbratus, Er. Bucks (W. E. Sharp) ; Tubney (Holland) ; 
in nest of Bombus latreillelus. Bury district (Tuck) ; Southport (Chaster and 
Sopp). 

Cryptophagus badius, Sturm. West Malvern (Tomlin) ; Teignmouth 
(de la Garde) ; in nest of Vespa crabro, Bury district (Tuck) ; in owl's nest, 
Great Salkeld (Britten). 

Cryptophagus validus, Kr. Bradfield (Joy). 

Cryptophagus cylindrus, Kies. Chobham and Woking, Surrey (Champion). 

Cryptophagus distinguendus, Sturm. Granary, Holborn (Donisthorpe) ; 
corn shop, Edmonton (Pool) ; Oxford (Holland) ; in nest of Vespa vtilgaris. 
Bury district (Tuck) ; Scotland, Bishopton (Fergusson) ; Ireland, Derry, 
in nest of Bombus, Sligo, and Meath. 

Cryptophagus fumatus, Gyll. Forres, N.B. (Chitty). 

Cryptophagus affinis, Sturm. Cumberland ; Ireland, Derry and Antrim. 

Cryptophagus subfumatus, Kr. In an apple room. West Malvern, the larvae 
of this and other species of the genus feeding on the mould on rotten ajjples 
(Tomlin) ; in muscatels, Sandown, I. of W. (Taylor). 

Cryptophagus pubescens, Sturm. Common in wasps' nests ; Chiddingfold 
(Donisthorpe) ; Bradfield (Joy) ; Bury district (Tuck) ; Great Salkeld 
(Britten) ; Ireland, Armagh and Galway. 

Cryptophagus bicolor, Sturm. Granary, Holborn, and Kingsclere (Donis- 
thorpe) ; corn shop, Edmonton (Pool) ; Tubney (Beare) ; Cumberland ; 
Ireland, Dublin. 

Micrambe abietis, Payk. Bradfield (Joy) ; Woodhay (Donisthorpe) ; in 
plenty at Sharsted Park (Chitty). 

Henoticus serratus, Gyll. Newbury (Donisthorpe) ; Llanberis (Kidson 
Taylor) ; Loch Long, Arrochar (Bagnall) ; Darley Dale (Tomlin) ; Roxton 
Wood, Grimsby (Wallace). 

Paramecosoma melanocephalum, Herbst. Hanwell (Donisthorpe) ; Oxford 
(Walker) ; Ireland, Donegal, Cavan, Armagh, Dublin, and Kerry. The 
Irish examples are referable to the variety with shining black elytra and 
infuscate tibi.T. Mr. Keys has taken this form in the Walkenham Valley, 
Devonshire. 

Coenoscelis pallida, Woll. Cobham Park and Tubney (Walker) ; Bradfield 



266 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

(Joy). As pointed out by Mr. Champion (E. M. M., 1895, p. 174), C. palUda, 
Wollaston, is the species doing duty in British collections for C. ferruginea. 
Sahib., the latter insect being larger — 2 '3 mm. as against 1|-1| mm. 

Atomaria diluia, Er. Cumberland (Day) ; Ireland, Armagh (Johnson), 
Atomaria fimetarii, Herbst. Tooting Junction, in profusion in Coprinus 

romatus (F. Cambridge) ; Enfield (Pool) ; Ashstead (Donisthorpe) ; Wytham 

Park, near Oxford (Walker) ; Birkdale sandhills (Chaster and Sopp) ; 

Gibside (Bagnall) ; West Malvern (Tomlin) ; Carlisle (Day). 
Atomaria fumata, Er. Enfield (Pool) ; Faversham (Chitty) ; Ireland 

Antrim and Armagh. 
Atomaria nigriventris, Steph. Ireland, Donegal, Dublin, and Cork. 
Atomaria umbrina, Er. Bagley Wood (Walker) ; Ipswich (Morley) ; Cumber- 
land (Day). 
Atomaria wollastoni, Sharp. Ireland, Donegal (Buckle). 
Atomaria linearis, Steph. Lincolnshire, Spalding (W. E. Sharp) ; Croxby 

(Bullock) ; Ireland, Dublin. 
Atomaria elongatula, Er. Bradfield (Joy) ; Norwich (Edwards) ; Ireland, 

Armagh and Galway ; Scotland, Nethy Bridge (Donisthorpe). 
Atomaria badia, Er. Woking and Guildford (Champion) ; New Forest 

(Donisthorpe) ; Cumberland (Day) ; Corbridge, Northumberland (Bagnall). 
Atomaria fuscipes, Gyll. In dead rooks. Market Bosworth, Leicestershire 
■ (Donisthorpe) ; Ireland, locally common. 
Atomaria peltata, Kr. Ireland, Donegal. 
Atomaria nigripennis, Payk. In a granary, in plenty, Holborn (Donisthorpe) ; 

abundant in cellar. West Malvern (Tomlin) ; Ireland, Armagh. 
Atomaria munda, Er. Oxford district (Collins) ; Bentley Woods (Morley) ; 

Lundy Island (Joy) ; Cumberland ; Ireland, Donegal, in nest of Bombus 

terrestris : Scotland, St. Kilda, birds' nests (Joy). 
Atomaria atra, Herbst. Cothill (Collins) ; Bradfield (Joy) ; Cumberland 

(Day) ; Ireland, Down and Dublin. 
Atomaria berolinensis, Kr. Oxford district (Walker) ; Scilly and Lundy 

Island (Joy) ; Ireland, Donegal, Antrim, Armagh, and Kerry. 
Atomaria basalis, Er. Oulton marshes (Bedwell) ; Great Cotes, Lines 

(Thornley) ; Ireland, Armagh, Louth, and Wexford. 
Atomaria rhenana, Kr. Lancing (Chitty). 
Atomaria mesomelas, Herbst. All-black specimen, Yarnton, Oxford (Walker) ; 

Ireland, frequent and very variable. 
Atomaria gutta, Steph. Ireland, Lough Neagh (Halbert). 
Atomaria apicalis, Er. Ireland, DubHn. 
Atomaria atialis, Er. Ireland, widely distributed. 
Atomaria ruficornis, Marsh. Ireland, Dublin. 
Atomaria versicolor, Er. Oxford district (CoUins) ; Bradfield (Joy) ; Woodhay, 

Hants (Donisthorpe) ; Winlaton-on-Tyne (Bagnall). 
Ephistemus globosus, Waltl. Snodland and Oxford district (Walker) ; Ipswich 

district (Morley) ; Bude, N. Cornwall (de la Garde) ; Axwell Park, Durham 

(Bagnall) ; Ireland, Antrim, Armagh, Carlow, Waterford, and Kerry. 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 267 

SCAPHlDIIDiE 

Scaphisoma agaricimim, L. Ireland, Armagh, Galway, Westmeath, and 

Dublin. 
Scaphisoma bolefi, Pz. Luccombe, I. of W. (Beare, Donisthorpe, and Taylor) ; 

Wytham Park (Collins) ; Suffolk, not uncommon (Morley) ; Ireland, 

Galway and Dublin. 

MYCETOPHAGIDiE 

Triphyllus suturalis, F. Epping Forest and Chippenham Fen (Donis- 
thorpe) ; Duddington Park (Beare) ; Bury district (Tuck) j Oxford district 
(Walker). 

Triphyllus punctus, F. Broughton Wood, Lines (L.N.U.). 

Litargus hifasciatus, F. Woking (Champion) ; Enfield (Pool) ; Wytham Park 
(Walker) ; Streatley (Joy) ; S. Wales (Chitty) ; Cromer (Elliman) ; 
Doncaster (Corbett). 

Mycetophagus quadripustidatus, L. Suffolk, Bury district (Tuck) ; Martle- 
sham (Morley) ; Oakham, Rutland (Donisthorpe) ; Lincolnshire (Wallace) ; 
Melchbourne, Beds, and Eastoft, Yorks (Crawshay). 

Mycetophagus piceus, F. Enfield (Pool) ; Oxford (Hope) ; Bosworth Park, 
Leicestershire (Bouskell and Donisthorpe) ; Doncaster (Corbett) ; Woodhall 
Spa, Lines (L.N.U.). 

Mycetophagus atomarius, F. Enfield (Pool) ; Bury district (Tuck) ; Cumber- 
land (Britten). 

Mycetophagus populi, F. Tubney, near Oxford (Walker) ; Coddenham, 
Suffolk (Fox). 

Mycetophagus quadriguttatus, Miill. Enfield, in fungus in trees, and Edmonton, 
in corn shop (Pool) ; Holborn, in granary, in profusion (Donisthorpe) ; 
Strood, in granary, Cobham Park, and Cothill (Walker) ; Bury district 
(Tuck) ; New Forest (Champion) ; Scotland, Coatbridge (Brown). 

M ycetophagiis multipunctatus, Hellw. Enfield (Pool) ; Suffolk, Bury district 
(Tuck) ; Stoke-by-Nayland (Harwood) ; near Oxford (Walker) ; Melch- 
bourne, Beds (Crawshay) ; Cannock Chase (Bouskell) ; Little Cotes, Lines 
(Wallace) ; Doncaster (Corbett) ; Cumberland. 

M ycetophagus fulvicollis, F. Mr. E. A. Waterhouse took a specimen occurring 
on a fir log in the Dall sawpit, Rannoch, in June 1870 (E. M. M., 1870, p. 80). 

DERMESTIDiE 

Dermestes vulpinus, F. Queenborough, in bone house (Walker) ; Oxford; 

(Hope) ; in carrion on the Formby shore, Southport district (W. E. Sharp) 

Ireland, Belfast. 
Dermestes murinus, L. Ireland, Belfast (Orr). Readily eaten by all the 

birds, monkeys, and Hzards it was offered to at the Zoological Gardens 

(Donisthorpe). 



268 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Dermestes undulatus, Brahm. Southsea (Donisthorpe) ; Blakeney Point. 

Norfolk (Edwards) ; Suffolk (Morley). 
Dermestes lardarius, L. Out-of-doors records : In dead bird in Wychwood 

Forest (Donisthorpe) ; in dead mole, Bentley Woods (Baylis) ; in dead 

hedgehog, Herringfleet (Bedwell). 
Attagenus pellio, L. Off hawthorn blossom, Penge (Donisthorpe) ; Ireland, 

Donegal, Armagh, and Tipperary. 
Attagenus megatoma, F. In London warehouse (Newberry). 
Megatoma undata, Er. Penge (Donisthorpe). Dr. Joy took twenty specimens 

at Bradfield in a nest of an Andrena. 
Tiresias serra, F. Sutton, Surrey (Donisthorpe) ; Marston Ferry (Walker) ; 

Suffolk, Eye district (Tyrer), Coddenham (Fox) ; Cumberland (Britten). 

Not recorded from Ireland. 
Anthrenus varius, F. On umbels, Darenth Wood (Donisthorpe) ; Oxford 

(Holland) ; Suffolk, from stuffed bird, and insects, Ijjswich, on umbels. 

Knight's Dales (Morley). 
Anthrenus musceorum, L. Not recorded from Ireland. 
Anthrenus claviger, Er. Lincolnshire (Thornley). 
Trinodes hirtus, F. Suffolk, sparingly on Pinus sylvestris at Coddenham 

(Fox). Mr. Bennett has taken it recently in Richmond Park. 

BYRRHlDiE 

Syncalypta setigera. 111. Barton-on-Sea (Selous). 

Syncalypta hirsuta. Sharp. Studland (Donisthorpe) ; Tubney, near Oxford 

(Walker) ; Southport sandhills (Chaster and Sopp). 
Byrrhus fasciatus, F. Ireland, Derry, Down, Mayo, and Wicklow. 
Byrrhus dorsalis, F. Ireland, widely distributed, but not common. 
Byrrhus rmirinus, F. Woking (Champion) ; Martlesham Heath, Suffolk 

(Sheppard) ; Tubney (Holland). 
Morychus ceneus, F. Cumberland (Britten). 
Limnichus pygmceus, Sturm. Hastings district (Bennett) ; Cowley Marsh 

(Hamm) ; Cromer (Elliman) ; Freshney Bog, Grimsby (Wallace). 
Aspidiphorus orbicidatus, Gyll. Huntingfield (Chitty) ; Water Eatol^ 

(Walker) ; Horning (Elliman) ; Cannock Chase (Donisthorpe) ; Sherwood 

Forest (Kidson Taylor) ; Nocton, Lines (E. A. Waterhouse) ; Cumberland ; 

Ireland, Wexford and Waterford. 

GEORYSSID^ 

Georyssus pygmceus, F. Hastings district (Bennett) ; Tewkesbury (Donis- 
thorpe) ; Buckfastleigh, Devon (de la Garde) ; Ireland, Clare and Kerry. 

PARNID^ 
Elmis cenus, Miill. Ireland, Antrim and Kerrv. 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 269 

Elmis volkmari, Panz. Islip, near Oxford (Walker) ; Bodlestreet, near 

Battle (Bennett) ; Bournemouth (Jackson) ; in River Wye, Herefordshire 

(Tomlin) ; Devonshire (de la Garde) ; Minera, Denbighshire (W. E. Sharp) ; 

Ireland, widely distributed. 
Elmis parallelopipedus, Miill. Ireland, widely distributed. 
Elmis subiwlaceus, Miill. In River Wye, Herefordshire (Tomlin) ; Oxford 

district (Walker) ; Knowle, near Birmingham (Blatch) ; Cumberland ; 

Hatcliffe, Lines (Bullock). 
Elmis cupreus, Miill. In River Wye, Herefordshire (Tomlin) ; Oxford district 

(Walker) ; Whitwell Common, Norfolk (Edwards) ; Llangollen (W. E. 

Sharp) ; Cumberland. 
Elmis nitens, Miill. Oxford district (Walker) ; in River Wye, Herefordshire 

(Tomhn). 

Limnius troglodytes, Gyll. Colney and Horning, Norfolk (Edwards) ; Suffolk 

(Morley) ; in River Wye, Herefordshire (Tomlin). 
Limnius rivularis, Rosen. Meavy Valley, Devon (Donisthorpe). 

Macronychus quadrituberculatus, Miill. Discovered in the River Teme in 
Herefordshire under large stones by Mr. J. R. le B. Tomlin in September 
1909. 

Pofaminus substriatus, Miill. Bodlestreet, near Battle (Bennett) ; Chidding- 

fold (Donisthorpe) ; South Wales (Chitty). 
Parnus nitidulus, Heer. Braunton Burrows (Blandford, 1889) ; Chippenham 

Fen (Donisthorpe, 1897) ; Bridgend, Glamorgan (Tomlin, 1898) ; South- 

port, in plenty (Chaster and Sopp, 1903). 
Parnus algiricus, Lucas. Braunton, Devon (de la Garde). 

HETEROCERIDiE 

Heterocerus flexuosus, Steph. Ireland, Down, Sligo, and DubHn. 

Heterocerus {arenarius, Kies ?). Ireland, Down and Dublin. 

Heterocerus ohsoleius. Curt. Hastings district (Bennett) ; Weymouth 

(Donisthorpe) ; Suifolk. 
Heterocerus marginatus, F. Ireland, Donegal, Antrim, and Sligo. 
Heterocerus fusculus, Kies. Barton-on-Sea (Sclous) ; Chale and Blackgang 

Chine, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Ipswich (Morley) ; Birkdale sandhills 

(Chaster and Sopp). 
Heterocerus britannicus, Kuw. Ireland, Down and Cork. 

LAMELLICORNIA 

LUCANID.E 
Lucamis cervus, L. Boston, Lines (Billups). 

Sinodendron cylindricum, L. Scotland, Peebles district (Black). Mr. Bignell 
has shown that the Bracon Histeromerus mystacinus is parasitic on this 
beetle. 



270 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

SCARAB^IDiE 

Copris lunaris, L. Gore Court Park (Walker) ; Ipswich (Morley). It has 
been taken at Godalming by Mr. Polluck and Mr. Champion in horse-dung. 
IVIr. E. C. Bedwell found it in large numbers there mider cow-droj)pings in 
1908. 

OntJwphagus ovatus, L. It is doubtful as Irish. 

Onthophagus fraciicornis, Payk, and O. nuchicornis, L. Confined to the South 
and West of Ireland. 

Aphodius erraticus, L. Ireland, not common ; Galway, Kildare, Wicklow, 

Wexford, and Cork. 
Aphodius licemorrhoidalis, L. It is not recorded in the Irish List. 
Aphodius fcetens, F. New Forest ; Ireland, rare, but widely distributed. 
Aphodius scybalarius, F. Woolacombe (Champion). 
Apliodiiis constans. Duft. Epping Forest (Jennings) ; Oxford (Walker) ; 

Femdale,Dorset (Sopp) ; Ireland, Donegal, Derry, and Galway. 
Aphodius granarius, L. Ireland, Donegal and Derry. 
Aphodius nitidulus, F. Blackgang, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Suffolk (Morley) ; 

Leicester district (F. Bates) ; Ireland, not common, but widely distributed. 
Aphodius sordidus, F. Edmonton (Jennings) ; New Forest (Donisthorpe) ; 

Suffolk, Aldeburgh (Crutwell), Brandon and FoxhaU (Morley) ; Norwich 

(Edwards) ; Ireland, Derry, Antrim, Dublin, and Kerry. 
Aplwdius rufescens, F. Blackgang, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Suffolk (Morley) ; 

Ireland, widely distributed. 
Aplwdius lapponum, GyW.. Ireland, Donegal, Antrim, Galway, Wicklow, and 

Kerry. 
Aphodius foetidus, F. Wasdale Head, Cumberland (Daj') ; Ireland, Donegal 

and Louth. 
Aphodius putridus, Sturm. Newbury (Harwood) ; IsUp (Holland) ; Bagley 

Wood (Walker) ; Knowle, Warwickshire (Ellis) ; Ledsham, Cheshire 

(W. E. Sharp) ; Ireland, Donegal, Antrim, and Shgo. 
Aphodius plagiatus, L. Birkdale (Chaster) ; Braunton, Devon (de la Garde). 
Aphodius plagiatus, v. concolor, Schl. Braunton, Devon, abundant 

(de la Garde) ; Bembridge, I. of W., in flood refuse, in great profusion 

(Beare and Donisthorpe) ; Birkdale (Chaster and Sopp) ; Ireland, Dublin. 

in numbers under the mud of dried-up pools (Halbert). 
Aphodius lividus, 01. Huntingfield, in cut grass (Chitty). 
Aphodius porcus, F. Sandcmi (Tajlor) ; Blackgang, I. of W., in October 

(Donisthorpe) ; Suffolk, Brandon (Elliot), Oulton Broad (Bedwell), Ipswich 

(Morley) ; Norfolk, not common (Edwards) ; Cothill (Walker) ; Ireland, 

Antrim, Galway, Meath, Dubhn, and Waterford. It is an autumn species, 

and according to Dr. Chapman it is parasitic on and occurs in the burrows 

of Geotrupes stercorarius. 
Aplwdius fristis, Panz. Suffolk (Morley) ; Norwich (Edwards) ; Oxford 

district (Collins). 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 271 

Aphodius pusillus, Herbst. Ireland, Antrim. 

Aphodius quadrimaculatus, L. Dover, in sheep's dung (Morley) ; Dorrington 

(Chitty) ; Felixstowe (Fox). 
Aphodius inquinatus, F. It is not recorded in the Irish List. Mr. E. J. 

Burgess Sopp records an immigration riight of this beetle in the Ent. Record 

for 1904, p. 15L 
ApTiodius tessulattis, Payk. Birkdale (Tomlin) ; Wanfell, Cumberland (Day) ; 

Scotland, on Arthur's Seat, Edinburgh, in plenty, in Xovember (Beare). It 

was recorded in error from Ireland. 
Aphodius conspurcatus, L. There is an Irish example of this species in the 

Dublin Museum. 
Aphodius sticticus, Panz. Richmond Park (Donisthorpe) ; Doddington 

(Chitty) ; Boar's Hill, Oxford (Walker) ; Buckfastleigh, Devon (de la 

Garde) ; Lincolnshire, Cadney (Thornley), Beelsby (Wallace) ; Ireland, 

Cork (Walker). 
Aphodius consputus, Er. Camber, in sheep's dung, in numbers, spring and 

autumn (Bennett) ; Doddington (Chitty) ; in dead rabbit, Tavy Valley, 

Devonshire (Keys). 
Aphodius contaminatus, Herbst. Reigate (Beare) ; Hanwell (Donisthorpe) ; 

Bagley Wood. The Irish record of ^4. ohliteratus refers to this species. 
Aphodius zenkeri. Germ. In deer's dung, Richmond Park, and Weston-super- 
Mare (Donisthorpe) ; Englefield Park, Berks (Joy) ; Doddington, in sheep's 

dung (Chitty). 
Aphodius Hridus, F. Ireland, rare, Donegal, Down, Galway, and Waterford. 
Aphodius depressus, Kug. Ireland, the black form (v. nigripes) is fairly 

common ; the type form has been recorded from Ardara (Johnson), and 

Carrantuohill, co. Kerry (Donisthorpe). Stornoway, in numbers (Walker). 

Plagiogonus arenarius, 01. Tubney (Walker) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; Ditch- 
ling, in plenty in rabbits' burrows in a sand-pit (Dollman) ; Brandon 
(Chitty and Morley). 

Heptaulacus testudinarius, F. Sheen Common (Beare). Mr. E. J. Burgess 
Sopp records it in numbers in the burrows of Geotrupes mutator at Ferndale, 
Dorset — probably a parallel case to Aphodius porcus. 

Heptaulacus villosus, Gyll. Cobham Park, Streatley, and Oxford district 
(Walker) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; Birkdale and Southport sandhills 
(Chaster and Sopp) ; Llanbedr, near Harlech (H. G. Attlee) ; Cleethorpes 
(Kidson Taylor and Dr. Barrow) ; Scotland, N. Berwick (Jolly). 

Ammcecius brevis, Er. Matlock and Bewdley (Blatch). Taken freely at 
Birkdale by Dr. Chaster and Mr. Sopp. 

Psammohius sulcicollis. 111. Thetford Warren (Morley) ; Pyle, S. Wales 

(Tomlin). 
Psammohius porcicollis. 111. Pyle, Glamorganshire (TomUn). 

Jlgialia- sabuleti, Payk. Barron's Wood, Cumberland (Britten). 



272 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

jEgialia rufa. F. Birkdale sandhills, in numbers (Chaster and Sopp) ; Bar- 
mouth (P. H. Jackson). 

Odontceus mohilicornis, F. Woking (Champion) ; Bournemouth (Mrs. Jack- 
son) ; Shirley Warren, Southampton (Gorham) ; Wellington College 
(Elton) ; Tunbridge Wells (G. Lewis) ; Downham (Smith) ; King's Lynn 
(Attmore) ; Tvvyford, near Winchester (White) ; Merton, Norfolk (Hartley 
Durrant). 

Geotrupes typhoeus, L. Lundy Island (Wollaston) ; Lincolnshire (Thornley) ; 
abundant on sandy heaths, Cumberland (Britten) ; Scotland, Orchardton 
(Douglas) ; Isle of Arran (W. Evans) ; Irvine Moor, Ayrshire (Wilson). 

Geotrupes mutator, Marsh. Lundy Island (Joy and Tomlin). 

Tror sabidosus, L. New Forest (Donisthorpe) ; Tubney (Walker) ; Oxford 

(Hope). 
Trox scaber, L. Chale Chine, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Torksey, Lines 

(Thornley) ; Cumberland (Day) ; Ireland, Dublin and Cork. In the 

E. M. M. for 1897, p. 206, Dr. Sharp points out the method by which beetles 

of the genus Trox stridulate. 

Hoplia philanthus, Fuss. Suffolk, Ipswich, &c. (Morley) ; Norfolk, very 
uncommon (Paget) ; Barmouth and Bog of Arthog (Donisthorpe) ; Lincoln- 
shire (Wallace) ; Scotland, Dalkeith Wood, near Dumfries (Lennon). 

Homaloplia ruricola, F. Rochester district (Walker) ; Ditchling (Dollman) ; 
Royston Heath, Herts (Bryant) ; Peppard, Henley-on-Thames (Fowler). 

Bhizotrogus solstitialis, L. Flies in the evening. Suffolk, locally known as 
the " Witch " (Morley) ; Norfolk, very abundant (Edwards) ; Leicester- 
shire, Gumley (Matthews), Saddington (F. Bouskell) ; Lincolnshire, Horn- 
castle and Elkington (Thornley) ; Malton, Yorks (Thompson). Mr. Donis- 
thorpe recorded that at Shepherd's Well, where it occurred in great numbCTS, 
flying about in the evening, it was attacked by bats. 

Bhizotrogus ochraceus, Knoch. Flies in the daytime. Streatley, Berks, not 
uncommon in 1904 (Joy) ; Padstow, Cornwall (C. J. Lamb) ; Tenby 
(Parry) ; North Wales, in plenty (Weaver, 1855). The fact that this 
species flies in the daytime was pointed out by Mr. Douglas (E. M. M.. 
1885, p. 256). 

Melolontha hippocastani, F. Isle of Man (Birchall, 1876) ; Ireland, locally 
common, Meath, Wicklow, Wexford, Cork, and Kerry. 

Anomala frischii, F. The Irish records require verification. Mr. Arrow has 
shown that the A. Donovani, Steph., which was supposed to be a variety of 
the above insect, is really A. irrorata, Blanch., an American beetle (E. M. M.. 
1899, p. 269). 

Cetonia aurata, L. Lundy Island (Wollaston) ; Ireland, locally common in the 
south and west. Shipp took cocoons of this beetle in a nest of F. rufa near 
Oxford. Professor Poulton found its larvae in a similar situation in the 
New Forest. These were bred by Mr. Donisthorpe in an observation nest 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 273 

of the ant, and he made a note on its myrmecophilous habits (Ent. Rec, 
1904, p. 301). 
Cetonia floricola, Herbst. Isle of Man (Birchall, 1876). The larvae of this 
species are only found in the nests of Formica rufa. Mr. Donisthorpe has 
shown that it does not use the legs for walking, but moves along on its back 
by means of bristles, with the legs in the air. Mr. Hamm tells us the larva 
of C. aurata moves on its side. 

Gnorimus nohilis, L. Little Ealing (Cottam) ; Woolwich (Bedwell) ; Bedford 
Park (Dollman) ; Kew Gardens, Norwich (Thouless) ; Mathow, Hereford- 
shire, and Malvern (TomUn) ; Loudwater, Bucks (W. E. Sharp) ; Peppard, 
Henley-on-Thames (Fowler). 

Onorimus variabilis, L. Balham (Wood) ; Purley Oaks (Bedwell), in some 
numbers in 1908. The Bev. Canon Fowler describes the larva of this 
beetle in the E. M. M. for 1902, p. 242. 

STERNOXI 

BUPRESTID^ 

Agrilus viridis, L. The Buddon Wood and Mount Sorrel records refer to 
A. laticornis. 111. Agrilus viridis was first taken in the New Forest by the 
Rev. H. S. Gorham, who found the beetle in a willow-tree at Ramnor. It 
has since been taken in numbers on sallows by Donisthorpe, Gulliver, and 
others. It varies very much in colour from bright green with a coppery 
thorax to all blue. 

Agrilus biguttatiis, F. Discovered in Sherwood Forest in numbers in July 
1908 by Mr. Donisthorpe, in a large living oak, in the thick bark. 

Agrilus laticornis. 111. Bentley Woods, Suffolk (Morley) ; Isle of Wight, 
Haven Street Woods (Morey), Whitefield Woods (Donisthorpe). 

Aphanisticus pusillus, 01. Chipstead (Bedwell) ; Wytham Park (Donis- 
thorpe) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; Bradfield (Joy) ; Studland (Jackson) ; 
Ipswich and Brandon (Morley). 

Tracliys minuta, L. Pamber Forest (Donisthorpe) ; Bagley Wood (Walker) , 

Poringland, Norfolk (Wigham). 
Tracliys pumila. 111. Doddington and Charing (Chitty) ; Cobham Park 

and Wytham Park (Walker) ; Tubney (Holland) ; Wychwood Forest 

(Donisthorpe). 
Tracliys troglodytes, Gyll. Cothill (H. Champion) ; Lenham, Kent (Chitty and 

Tomlin) ; Sproughton, twenty-six specimens in flood refuse (Moiley) ; 

Lowestoft (Saunders) ; Ditchling (Dollman). 

THROSCIDiE 

Tliroscus dermestoides, L. Ireland, Armagh, Dublin, Wicklow, Kilkenny, 
Wexford, and Clare. Very small females of this species are recorded by 
Champion, taken at Sherwood (A. Matthews), and by himself in the New 
Forest (E. M. M., 1900, p. 12). 



274 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Throscus carinifrons, Bonv. Newport, I. of W. (Butler) ; Bagley Wood and 

Wytham (Walker) ; Churchtown (Southport List). 
Throscus obtusus, Curt. Whitstable (Chitty and Donisthorpe) ; Lewes 

(DoUman) ; Wytham Park (Collins). The type was taken by Professor 

Westwood in 1826 at Ensham, near Oxford. 
Melasis buprestoides, L. Richmond Park (Donisthorpe) ; Enfield (Pool) ; 

Bagley Wood (Walker) ; Leicestershire (Bouskell) ; Yorkshire (Young). 
Microrrhagus pygmceus, F. Bleane Woods (Walker) ; Cann Wood, Plymouth 

(Keys). 
Lacon murinus, L. Ireland, widely distributed on sandhills round the coast. 
Cardiophorus asellus, Er. Bungay (Garneys) ; Tubney (Holland). 
Cardiophorus equiseti, Herbst. Candeston, Glamorgan (Tomlin) ; Braunton 

Burrows and Woolacombe Sands, Devonshire (Chitty). 
C ryptohy pmis pulcJiellus, L. Banks of the Spey, Inverness-shire (Black). 
Cryptohypnus maritimus. Curt. Banks of Dee, Braemar (Donisthorpe and 

Beare). 
Cryptohypnus quadripustulatus, F. Cheshunt (Jennings) ; near Oxford 

(Walker) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; Leighton Buzzard (Donisthorpe) ; Ipswich 

(Morley). 
Cryptohypnus dermestoides, Herbst. Edges of the Meavy, Devonshire (Keys) ; 

Ireland, widely distributed. 
Elater lythropterus. Germ. Near Ashford, Kent (Chitty) ; Suffolk (Morley). 
Elater coccinatus. Rye. A fine specimen was captured by Mr. C. J. C. Pool 

near Waltham Abbey. 
Elater sanguinolentus, Schr. Woking (Champion) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; 

Wellington College (Fowler). 
Elater pomonce, Steph. Ireland, Glencar, co. Kerry (Bouskell and Donis- 
thorpe). 
Elater pomorum, Herbst. Ireland, very local, but widely distributed. 
Elater elongatulus, F. Oxshott (Bedwell) ; Tubney (Collins) ; Bradfield 

(Joy) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; Scotland, Dalskairth Wood (Lennon) ; 

WeUington College (Joy and Fowler). 
Elater halteatus, L. In stumps of Scotch firs, Oxshott (Donisthorpe) ; South- 
port, common under loose masses of peat in all its stages (Chaster and 

Sopp) ; Ireland, Antrim and Kerry, at roots of broom (Hardy) ; Wellington 

College (Fowler). 

Ischnodes sanguinolentus, Panz. Bexley (Donisthorpe) ; Bradfield (Joy) ; 

Porlock (Wood) ; Dorchester, near Oxford (Shipp) ; Coddenham, Suffolk 

(Fox). 
Megapenthes tibialis, Lac. Gumley (Matthews). 

Ludius ferrugineus, L. Santon Downham, Suffolk, on sugar, September 1, 

1886 (Norgate). 
Melanotus rufipes, Herbst. Ireland, Derry, Down, Fermanagh, Wicklow, and 

Carlow. 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 275 

Melanotus castanipes, Payk. Sharsted, Kent (Chitty) ; New Forest (Donis- 
thorpe). 

Athous niger, L. Common in Ireland. Mr. J. W. Douglas records the 

" sembUng " of this beetle (E. M. M., 1896, p, 180). 
AtJioxis hcemorrhoidalis, F. Has caused great damage to oat crops in Galway 

(Irish List, 1902, p. 738). Black form recorded by Keys from Dartmoor. 
Athous rhomheus, 01. Richmond Park (Donisthorpe) ; Enfield (Pool) ; 

Cobham Park (Maling) ; larva, Ryde, I. of W. (Donisthorpe). 
Athous vittatus, F. Not recorded from Ireland. 

Limonius cylindricus, Payk. Tubney (Walker) ; Bournemouth (Donis- 
thorpe). The Rev. G. T. Rudd gives a very interesting account of the 
assembling of males of this beetle on the banks of the Tees, below Yarm 
(Ent. Mag. iii. 1835, p. 207). 

Sericosomus brunneus, L. Holme Fen (Donisthorpe) ; Lincolnshire, Brough- 
ton Woods (Thornley) ; Scotton Common (Peacock) ; Ireland, Donegal 
(Johnson), Roscommon (Halbert). 

Synaftus filiformis, F. Islands on the Thames near Walton, and Sunbury 
(Donisthorpe and Rye) ; Tewkesbury (Beare and Donisthorpe). 

Adrastus pusillus, F. Walmer (Chitty). 

Corynibites castaneus, L. Near ShankHn (Poole) ; Sandown, I. of W.. one dead 
specimen (Ellis) ; Dean Forest (Morse) ; Pateley Bridge, Yorks (Thompson). 

Corymbites pectinicornis, L. Bagley Wood (Shipp) ; Ouston Wood. Leicester- 
shire (Bouskell). 

Corymbites cupreus, F. Leighton Buzzard and Melchbourne (Crawshay) ; 
Groby Pool, Leicestershire (Bouskell and Donisthorpe) ; Plymouth district 
(Keys) ; Okehampton, Devon (de la Garde and Bucknill) ; St. Issey, 
Cornwall (E. Davies). Mr. Donisthorpe records a black form of the var. 
ceruginosus from Braemar. 

Corymbites tessellatus, F. Oxford district (Walker) ; Freshney Bogs, Lines 
(Thornley) ; Ireland, widely distributed. 

Corymbites qiiercus, Gyll. Chiddingfold (Donisthorpe). 

Corymbites ceneus, L. Bradgate Park, Leicestershire (F. Bates, &c.) ; Suffolk, 
rare ; Norfolk, Mousehold Heath, very common in 1883 (Edwards) ; Ire- 
land, Cork (Hardy). 

Corymbites metallicus, Payk. Marston, Oxfordshire (Walker) ; Leighton 
Buzzard, abundant on thistles (Crawshay) ; Bungay (Garnej's) ; Foxley 
Wood, Norfolk (Thouless) ; Ayleston, Leicestershire (P. Bates) ; Newton 
Cliff, Lines (Thornley). 

Corymbites impressus, F. Barron Wood, Cumberland (Day) ; Scotland, Loch 
Awe (Chitty). 

Corymbites bipustulatus, L. Isle of Wight (Morey) ; Tubney (Holland) ; 
Bagley Wood (Hope, 1820) ; Wychwood Forest (Donisthorpe) ; Ireland, 
near Waterford (Tempest). 



276 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Campylus linearis, \.. Ireland, very local, Antrim, Roscommon, Clare, and 
Kerry. 

DASCILLID.ffi 

Daseillus cervinus, L. Suffolk and Norfolk, rare ; Dover (Fowler) ; Cothill, 

near Oxford (Walker) ; Ireland, common. 
Helodes marginata, F. Ireland, Donegal, Down, Fermanagh, Dublin, and 

Cork. 
Microcara livida, v. bohemanni, Mannh. Spalding (W. E. Sharp) ; Ireland, 

Armagh, SUgo, Galway, Wexford, and Clare. 

Cyphon punctipennis. Sharp. Cumberland ; Ireland, Gortcomy Bog, 

CO. Antrim (Dr. Chaster). 
Cyphon pallidulns. Boh. Suffolk, near Southwold (Morley) ; Norfolk, 

Framlingham Pigot (Edwards) ; Devonshire, Buckfastleigh (de la Garde) ; 

Ireland, Glencar, co. Kerry (Bouskell and Donisthorpe). 

Prionocyphon serricornis, Miill. Epping Forest (Butler and Lewcock) ; 
Cobham Park (Walker) ; Norwich (Thouless) ; New Forest and Buddon 
Wood, Ijcicestershire (Donisthorpe) ; Tubney (Harwood). Bred in numbers 
for several years from larvae taken in a hole full of water in a tree in the 
New Forest (Donisthorpe, Ent. Rec, 1908, p. 108). 

Hydrocyphon deflexicollis, Miill. Ireland, local, but widely distributed. 

Scirtes hemisphcericus, L. Ogley Bog, Oxford (Walker) ; Freshwater, I. of W. 
(Donisthorpe) ; Suffolk, not uncommon ; Wicken Fen ; Snowdon (Tomhn 
and Sopp) ; Doncaster district (Corbett) ; Ireland, Armagh, Limerick, and 
Waterford. 

Scirtes orbicularis, Panz. Sandown, I. of W. (Champion) ; Pevensey (Ben- 
nett) ; Cliffe (Lewcock) ; Barnby Broad, Suffolk (Morley) ; Brundall, 
Norfolk (Edwards) ; Ireland, Armagh, on Persicaria (Johnson). 

Eubria palustris. Germ. Hastings district (Bennett) ; South Brent, Devon- 
shire (de la Garde) ; Ogley Bog, Oxford (Walker) ; Whitwell Common, 
Norfolk (Thouless). 

MALACODERMID^ 

Eros aurora, Hbst. Rothiemurchus, Loch-an-Eilean, Doon, and Inverdruie, 
Inverness-shire (W. Evans). 

Pyropterus affinis, Payk. Doncaster district (Corbett). Rediscovered at 
Killarney in July 1898 by Mr. Hardy and Dr. Chaster. Scotland, Nethy 
Bridge (Beare), Aviemore (Champion). 

Platycis minutus, F. Cobham Park (Walker) ; Chesham (Elliman) ; Chippen- 
ham Fen (Verrall) ; Brandon (Norgate) ; Huntingfield district (Chitty). 

Lampyris nocliluca, L. This species appears to be doubtful as an Irish 
species, as the only two Irish records may have been introduced from 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 277 

England. In the E. M. M. for 1901, p. 226, Mr. Morley has a note on the 
pairing of this species. In a paper on " Mimicry in the British Coleoptera " 
(Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond., 1901, p. .361) Mr. Donisthorpe records that the 
males bury themselves in the earth during the day. 

Phosphcenus hemipterus, Geoff. The Rev. H. S. Gorham found this species in 
plenty (all males) in his garden at Shirley Warren, Southampton. 

Silts ruficollis, F. Snodland (Walker) ; Wicken Fen (Donisthorpe) ; Ireland, 
Wexford (Halbert). 

Podabrus alpinus, Payk. Ireland, Down, King's County, and Wicklow, 

Telephorits fuscus, L. Lymington Salterns (Bouskell) ; Battle, near Hastings, 

and Llanbedr, near Barmouth (Donisthorpe) ; Suffolk, very local (Morley) ; 

Norfolk, rather local (Edwards) ; Scotland, Aberlady (Beare). 
Telephorus rustic us, Fall, and lividus, L., are not recorded from Ireland. 
Telephorus darwinianus. Sharp. Upnor, banks of Medway, 1857 (G. R. 

Waterhouse) ; Isle of Sheppey (Walker) ; Southport (Chaster) ; Burgh 

Marshes, Cumberland (Day) ; Ireland, Donegal, Deny, and Dublin. 
TelepJwriis figuratus, Mannh. Freshney Bogs, Lines (Thornley) ; Hayton 

Moss, Cumberland (Routledge) ; Ireland, widely distributed and rather 

common. 
Telephorus jigurat us, v. scoticus, Sharp. Bradfield (Joy). 
Telephorus oralis. Germ. Norfolk ; Suffolk ; Wicken Fen, Weymouth, 

Oxford, and Brook, 1. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Scotland, Orchardton (Douglas). 

The Armagh record is not mentioned in the Irish List, but it has been taken 

by Mr. S. W. Kemp at Oranmore, on the Galway coast. 
Telephorus paludosus. Fall. St. Germans and Polbathic (Keys) ; Delamere 

Forest, and near Llyn Idwal, N. Wales, in profusion, on Myrica gale ( W. E. 

Sharp) ; Cumberland ; Ireland, Donegal, Derry, Antrim, Down, Ennis- 

killen, Wicklow, and Kerry. 
Telephorus thoracicus, 01. Oulton Broad, Suffolk (Bedwell) ; Norfolk, very 

local ; Wicken Fen, Rye, and Deal (Donisthorpe) ; Brent, Devon 

(de la Garde) ; Ireland, locally common. 

Bhagonycha unicolor, Curt. Cusop and West Malvern (Tomlin) ; Mickleham 
and Chiddingfold (Donisthorpe) ; Wychwood Forest (Walker) ; Ireland, 
Killarney (Hardy). 

Bhagonycha fuscicornis, 01. Ireland, Donegal. 

Malthinus fasciatus, 01. Lincolnshire, Immingham (A. Smith) ; Freshney 
Bogs (Thornley) ; Scotland, Orchardton (Douglas) ; Ireland. Louth, 
Kilkenny, Wexford, Waterford, and Cork. 

Malthinus frontalis. Marsh. Tubney (Collins) ; Sherwood Forest (Donis- 
thorpe) ; Barron Wood, Cumberland (Britten) ; Winlaton, Durham 
(Bagnall) ; Scotland, Dalmeny Park (Beare). 

Malthodes mysticus, Kies. Dulwich Wood (Donisthorpe) ; Cumberland 
(Day). 



278 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Malthodes flavoguttatus, Kies. Ireland, Antrim, Waterford, and Kerry. 

Malthodes guttifer, Kies. Hayton Moss, &c., Cumberland (Routledge) ; 
Devonshire (de la Garde). 

Malthodes dispar, Kerry. Cothill (Walker) ; Suffolk, one specimen, banks 
of Gipping (Morley) ; Norfolk, rather common (Edwards) ; Ireland, Kerry. 

Malthodes fibulatus, Kies. Wytham Park (Collins) ; Gibside, Durham 
(Donisthorpe). 

Malthodes pellucidus, Kies. Wellington College, abundant (Tomlin and 
Fowler) ; Ireland, Antrim, Kilkenny, Waterford, and Kerry. 

Malthodes hrevicollis, Pk. {nigellus, Kies). Glemsford, Suffolk (Tomlin). 

Malthodes atomus, Thoms. Luccombe, I. of W. (Dollman) ; Glemsford, 
Suffolk (Tomlin) ; Gumley (Matthews) ; Nocton, Lines (E. A. Water- 
house) ; Ireland, Donegal, Antrim, Wicklow, Kilkenny, Wexford, and 
Clare. The ^ is exceedingly rare ; there is a specimen in the Power 
Collection, from Wicken Fen, and Mr. E. A. Waterhouse has taken it at 
Wokingham. 

Malachius oineus, L. Near Wokingham (Fowler) ; Newport, I. of W. (Morey). 

Malachius hipustulatus, L. Ireland, very local, Antrim, Dublin, Queen's 
County, and Kerry. 

Malachius marginellvs, 01. Steephill Cove, I. of W. (Guyon) ; Snod- 
land and Cobham Park (Walker) ; Huntingfield and Isle of Sheppey 
(Chitty) ; Dartford and Coulsdon (Bedwell) ; Lydd (Bennett) ; Ditchling 
and Wimbledon (Dollman) ; Rusper (Donisthorpe) ; Scotland, Peebles 
(Black). 

Axinotarsus ptilicarivs, F. Rye, near Hastings (Bennett and Henderson). 
Axinotarsus ruficollis, 01. Charnwood Forest, Leicestershire (A. R. Wallace) ; 

Bovey Tracey, Devon (de la Garde) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; New Forest 

(Donisthorpe). 

Anthocomus rufus, Herbst. Cothill (Collins) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; Suffolk. 

Anthocomus fasciatus, L. Ireland, Wicklow (Furlong). 

Anthocomus terminatus. Men. Wicken Fen (Tomlin, 1892 ; Bouskell, Beare, 

and Donisthorpe, 1898) ; Sutton Broad, Norfolk, in plenty (Chitty and 

Donisthorpe, 1906). 

Dasytes fiavipes, F. Brandon, Lines (Miss Stow). 
Dasytes cerosus, Kies. Ireland, Dublin, Kildare, and Kerry. 
Dasytes niger, L CJommon on flowers of " pinks " in garden, Newbury 
(Harwood) ; Winchester (Donisthorpe) ; Radley (Walker). 

Psilothrix nobilis, 111. Cothill (Walker) ; Suffolk, Aldeburgh (Morley) ; 
Harford Bridges, Norfolk (Thouless) ; Lundy Island (WoUaston) ; Ireland, 
local on the coast. 

Haplocnemus impressvs. Marsh. Richmond Park (Dollman) ; Edmonton 
(Jennings) ; Lymington (Beare) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; Wytham Park, 
Oxford (Walker) ; Sherwood (K. Taylor). 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 271) 

Phloeophiliis edivardsi, »Steph. Herefordshire (Tomlin) ; Upper Gatton 
(Bedwell) ; Huntingfield (Chitty) ; VVytham Park (Walker) ; Dodnasb 
Woods, Suffolk (Morley) ; Cumberland (Britten) ; Yelverton, Devon 
(Keys) ; Scotland, Linlithgow, Forth (Murray), Raehills, Solway (Sharp), 
Gifford, Haddingtonshire (Evans), Nethy Bridge, Inverness-shire (Beare), 

Tillus elongatus, L. New Forest, common ; near Ashford (Chitty) ; Streatley 
(Joy) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; Oxford district (Walker) ; Wrotham 
(Bedwell) ; Bungay (Garneys) ; Tostock (Tuck) ; Harleston (Fox) ; 
Oakham, Rutland, and Owston W^ood, Leicestershire (Donisthorpe) ; 
Ireland, Kenmare, co. Kerry (Furlong). 

Opilo mollis, L. Melchbourne, Beds (G. A. Crawshay). 

Tarsostenus imivittatus, Rossi. Harwich (Whitaker) ; Millbrook, in numbers, 
parasitic on Lyctus canalicvlafus, in timber-yard (Pool and Donisthorpe). 

Thanasimus formicarius, L. Wellington College (Tomlin) ; Newbury (Har- 
wood) ; Ferndale, Dorset (Sopp) ; New Forest, not uncommon ; Bungay 
(Garneys) ; Summertown. Oxford (Collins) ; Norfolk (Burrell) ; Ireland, 
Powerscourt Deerpark, Wicklow, in a decayed holly (Furlong). In Sher- 
wood Forest Mr. Donisthorpe found it parasitic on Agrilus higidtatus in oak 
bark. He also bred four specimens of a Dipteron (Phora rata), the larvae of 
which came out of the body of a T. formicarnts taken in this locality. 

Xecrohia ruficollis, F. Ireland, Kilkenny and Kerry. 

Xerrobia violacea, L. Lundy Island (Joy and Tomlin) ; Ireland, Belfast. 

Driliis flavescens, Rossi. The life-history of this beetle was admirably worked 
out by Mr. L. Crawshay, who bred many specimens, including females 
(see Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond., 1903, p. 39). 

Hylecoetus dermestoides, L. Ireland, Glen Car, co. Kerry (Donisthorpe). 

Limexylon namle, L. New Forest, first taken by Mr. Donisthorpe, and 
afterwards by Mr. Champion, Dr. Sharp, and others, in 1906. 

Ptinus germanus, F. Hastings district, rather common (Bennett) ; Woking 
(Champion). 

Ptinus sexpunctatiis, Panz. Enfield (Pool) ; Richmond Park (Dollman) ; 
Bungay (Garneys) ^ Oxford (Hamm) ; Earlshilton, Leicestershire (Donis- 
thorpe). 

Ptinus lichenum, Marsh. Enfield (Pool). 

Ptinus suhpilosus, Miill. At nest of Lasins fidiginosus, near Tubney (Walker) ; 
Sherwood Forest (Donisthorpe) ; Savernake Forest (W. E. Sharp) ; Cumber 
land (Britten). 

Ptinus hrunneus, Duft. Edmonton (Pool) ; Oxford district (Walker) ; Read- 
ing (Joy). Power's specimens from Birkbrook are this species. 

Ptinus festaceus, Boield. Edmonton (Pool) ; Purley Downs (Donisthorpe). 
Powers Mickleham specimens are this species. 

Ptinus latro, F. Kensington Mansions, South Kensington (Donisthorpe,. 

Ptinus tectu.1, Birel. Coatbridge, Scotland (G. A. Brown). 



280 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Niptus crenatus, F. Headington (Walker) ; Ditchling (DoUman) ; Penrith. 

Cumberland (Britten) ; Ireland, Donegal, Derry, Antrim, and Down ; 

Scotland, Thurso, Caithness (Douglas). 
Hedobia imperialis, L. Bagley Wood (Walker) ; Leicester, and Freshwater, 

1. of W. (Donistliorpe) ; bred from cocoons beneath bark on dead crab 

stumps, Cumberland (Britten) ; Ireland, Kenmare, co. Kerry (Hardy). 

Mezium affine, Boield. Ireland, Louth. In fresh specimens the elytra are 
covered with fine yellow spines. I have taken it in plenty in a granary in 
High Holborn. 

Gibbium scotias, F. Occurred in numbers in a beer cellar in Shoe Lane (Rye). 

Dryophilus pusillus, Gyll. Oxford district (Walker) ; Woodhay, Hants 
.. (Donisthorpe) ; Buckfastleigh, Devonshire (de la Garde) ; Haye Woods, 

Warwickshire (Ellis) ; Helsby, Cheshire (Bailey) ; Lincolnshire (Wallace) ; 

Saltburn Wood, Yorkshire (Thompson) ; Pettril Valley, Cumberland (Day). 
Dryophilus anobioides, Chevr. Bradfield (Joy). 

The Rev. W. F. Johnson records that a Bracon Spathins exaraius is 

parasitic on Anobium domesticum, Fourc. (E. M. M., 1901, p. 15). 

Anobium denticoUe, Panz. New Forest (Rye). It is not uncommon in old 
hawthorn trees in Richmond Park ; Leicester district (H. W. Bates). Rj-e 
gives a short account of its life-history in the E. M. M. for 1897, p. 105. 

Anobium fulvicorne, Sturm. Suffolk, rare (Morley). 

Anobium paniceum, L. In lettuce seeds, Penrith, Cumberland (Britten) ; 
Ireland, Louth, Dublin, and Waterford. Also occurs in ginger, dead 
insects, vermicelli, &c. The Rev. G. A. Crawshay takes it at Melchbourne, 
Bedfordshire, in the country, away from houses, and Mr. Donisthorpe has 
beaten it off birch-trees in Sherwood Forest. 

Ernobius mollis, L. Only recorded from Kerry, in Ireland. 
Ernohius abietis, F. A specimen was taken in the New Forest in 1899 by 
C. Guliver and sent alive to Mr. F. Bates. 

Ptilinus pedinicornis, L. Ireland, very local, Fermanagh. 
Ptilinus cosiahis, L. Taken at Sandown. I. of W., from the wooden stand of 
a pair of scales which had been in use for many years (J. Taylor). 

Ochina hederce, Miill. Oxford district (Walker) ; Blackgang, I. of W. (Donis- 
thorpe) ; Suffolk and Norfolk, not uncommon ; Ireland, widely distributed. 

Xyhtinus ater, Panz. Burghill, Herefordshire (Chapman) ; New Forest and 
Chiddingfold (Donisthorpe) ; Huntingfield (Chitty). 

Lasioderma serricorne, F. Also occurs in cigars, cigarettes, cayenne pepper, 
&c. Mr. C. 0. Waterhouse had some ginger at the Museum, from Bombay, 
infested with Lasioderma, in which a small Clerus {Thaneroclerus bnqueti, 
Lefebr.) occurred, parasitic on the Lasioderma. 

Coenocara bovistce, Hoff. Hastings district (Bennett) ; Battle (Donisthorpe) ; 
Huntingfield (Chitty) ; near Oxford (Walker) ; Sanderstead, Surrey 
(W. E. Sharp). 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIEf-', NOTES ETC. 281 

Dorcaloma chri/somelina, Sturm. Sherwood Forest (Taylor) ; New Forest 

(Donisthorpe). 
Dorcatoma flavicornis, F. Cobham Park (Walker) ; Market Bosworth 

(Bouskell and Donisthorpe). 

Anitys rubens, Hoff. Richmond Park and Hastings district (Bennett) ; 
Epping Forest (Pool). 

Bostrichus capucinus, L. One specimen in Bishop's Wood (Edgar Smith, 
1865). It occurred in numbers in 1908 in a timber yard at Millbrook, where 
it had been breeding for over three years. 

Lyctus canaliculatus, F. Ireland, Kenmare, co. Kerry (Hardy). 

Lyctus hrunneus, Steph. Southfields (E. A. Waterhouse) ; Sydenham 

(Donisthorpe) ; Cobham Park (Walker) ; Harwich (Whitaker) ; Newport, 

I. of W. (Morey) ; Southwick, near Brighton (Dollman). 
Sphindus duhius, Gyll. Enfield (Pool) ; Burnham Beeches (W. E. Sharp) ; 

Newbury (Harwood) ; Suffolk (Morley). 
Cis micans, F. Wytham Park (Walker) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; Cumber- 
land (Britten). 
Cis hispidiis, Payk. Cumberland ; Ireland, Queen s County. 
Cis bidentaius, 01. Ireland, Armagh and Dublin. 
Cis alni, Gyll. Melchbourne, Beds (Crawshay), bred from " Jew's ear " 

fungus on oak ; Calbourne, I. of W. (Morley) ; Benacre Broad (Bedwell) ; 

Newbury (Harwood) ; abundant in " Jew's ear " fungus on old elders, 

Herefordshire Beacon (Tomlin) ; Bagley Wood (Walker) ; Nocton, Lines 

(E. A. Waterhouse) ; Ireland, Roscommon. 
Cis nitidus, Herbst. Ireland, rather widely distributed. 
Cis lineatocribratus, Mell. Cumberland (Day). 
Cis pygmcEus, Marsh. Enfield (Pool) ; Oxford (Collins) ; Sandown, 1. of W. 

(Taylor) ; Harlech (Donisthorpe). 
Cis punctulatus, Gyll. Carlisle (Day). 
Cis festivus, Panz. Richmond Park (Donisthorpe) ; Suffolk (Morley) ; 

Melchbourne (Crawshay) ; Ireland, Carlow and Cork. 
Cis vesiitus, Mell. Ditchling (Dollman). 
Cis fuscatus, Mell. Enfield (Pool) ; Oxford district (Walker) ; Suffolk 

(Morley) ; Scotland, Brodrick (W. Evans). 
Cis bilamellafus. Wood. Shirley Common (Donisthorpe). Taken again by 

the Rev. J. Wood in 1904 in profusion at West Wickham. Mr. Champion 

recorded that it occurred in numbers in some Polyporus from the New Forest 

at a natural history dealer's in London. 
Rhopalodontiis fronticornis, Panz. Enfield and Epping Forest (Pool) ; West 

Malvern (Tomlin) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; Wytham (CoUins) ; Bovey 

Tracey, Devon (de la Garde). 
Ennearthron affine, Gyll. Teesdale, Durham (Bagnall), 
Octotemnus glahricilus, Gyll. The oviposition of this beetle is desciibed by 

Dr. Chapman in the E. M. M for LSC9, p. 297. 



282 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

LONGICORNIA 

Prionus coriarius, L. Suffolk, rare ; Norfolk, widely distributed ; Reading 
(Fowler) ; Enfield (Pool) ; Sharsted (Chitty). 

Aromia moschata, L. New Forest ; Ireland, local, Galway, Cork, and Kerry. 

Asemum striatum, L. Bookham (Rye) ; Chobham (Champion) ; Wareham 
and Lord's Wood, Southampton (Gorham) ; Bournemouth (Ellis) ; New 
Forest (Bouskell, Englehart, and others) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; Cumber- 
land, abundant (Britten) ; Northumberland (Gillanders). Var. agreste near 
Reading (Barnes). 

Hylotrwpes hajulus, L. Putney (E. A. Waterhouse) ; Enfield (Pool) ; retaken 
at Deal in 1905 by Mr. R. S. Mitford ; Cromer (Lewcock) ; Sandown, 
I. of W. (J. Taylor) ; Ireland, Roscommon (Hon. R. E. Dillon). 

Callidium violaceum, L. Epping, very rare, 1836 (Doubleday) ; Enfield 
(Pool); Penge (Donisthorpe) ; Reading (Fowler) ; Oxford district (Walker); 
Amthill, Beds, 1838 (Lucas) ; Suffolk, rare (Morley) ; Norwich (Thouless) ; 
Leicestershire, Kirby Muxloe, in plenty (F. Bates), Gumley (Bouskell) : 
Lincolnshire, Brandon (Miss Stowe), Grimsby (Bullock) ; Staffordshire ; 
Warwickshire ; Eskdale, Cumberland, its most northern record (Fowler) ; 
Ireland, Lickeen, co. Kerry (Bouskell). Mr. Donisthorpe records the 
Ichneumon Ephialtes carhonarius ovipositing in the burrows of this species 
in the New Forest (Ent. Rec, 1898, p. 303). 

C'aUidivm rariahile, L. Wimbledon Common ; Enfield (Pool) ; Suffolk, 
several localities ; Norwich (Thouless) ; Sherwood Forest (Taylor) ; Fresh- 
water, I. of W. (Holland). 

Callidium alni, L. Wimbledon Common, New Forest, and Tilgate Forest 
(Donisthorpe) ; Bagley Wood (Holland) ; Oxford (Hope, 1819) ; Bungay 
(Garneys). 

Callidium sanguineum, L. In a wood-yard, Edinburgh (Patterson). 

Clytxis arcuatus, L. Epping, rare (Doubleday, 1836) ; in old cherry-tree, 
Epping Forest (Waterhouse) ; Yarmouth (Paget). In the Entomological 
Magazine, 1837, Dr. Bond describes the economy of this beetle, which he 
took in numbers in Hainault Forest. 

Clytus arietis, L. Ireland, very rare, Antrim and Kerry. 

Clyt'us mysikus, L. Enfield (Pool) ; Richmond Park (Donisthorpe) ; New 
Forest ; Huntingfield (Chitty) ; Melchbourne (Crawshay) ; Monk's Wood 
(Fowler) ; Oxford district (Walker). 

Gracilia minuta, F. Seaview, I. of W. (Holland), Sandown (Donisthorpe). 
Hewetson recorded it in profusion in the sides of an arbour formed of hazel 
(Ent. Mag., v. 1838, p. 77). 

Leptidea brevipennis, Muls. In a City warehouse (F. Newbery) ; Enfield 
(Pool) ; Hastings, in profusion in an old basket from Ore (Bennett) ; Wel- 
lington College, in nest of Formica sanguinea (Barnes) ; Evesham and 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 283 

Toddington (Doeg) ; Plymouth (Keys) ; Huddersfield (Mosley). Mr. H. 
Willoughby Ellis has taken both this species and Gracilia minula in osiers at 
Lulworth Cove, grown by the fishermen for making lobster-pots, 

Ceramhyx hews. Scop. A dead specimen was dug out of an old hornbeam by 
Mr. E. W. Janson at Colney Hatch ; Kentish Town (A. Gates) ; Camden Town 
and Wood Green (Smith) ; Gray's Inn Square, June 1902, in Bates Collection. 

Molorchiis minor, L. Enfield (Pool) ; Witley, Surrey (Newill) ; Royston 
(Butler) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; Leicestershire, Owston Wood and Market 
Bosworth, in numbers (Bouskell) ; Melchbourne and Leighton Buzzard 
(Crawshay) ; near Wokingham (Fowler). 

Molorclms umbellatarum, L. Charnwood Forest, Leicestershire. 

Rhagium indagtor, Gyll. Ireland, Galway and Meath. 

Toxotus meridianus, Pz. Black specimens with red legs are not uncommon in 
Leicestershire, at Owston Wood, &c. ; Lincolnshire, widely distributed. 

Pachyta cerambyciformis, Schrank, Chiddingfold, in profusion (Donisthorpe), 
Pachyfa sexmaculafa, L. Scotland, Xethy Bridge (Colonel Yerbury) ; Loch 

Morlich (Evans). Retaken at Aviemore by J. X. King in 1903 ; Nethy 

Bridge (Dr. Sharp and Mr. Bishop), in some numbers. 
Pachyta collaris, L, Farnham, in plenty (Beare and Donisthorpe) ; Ireland, 

Roscommon (Hon. R. E. Dillon), 

Anoplodera sexguttata, F. Lynmouth (Blatch) ; Ireland, Muckross, co, Kerry 
(Hardy). 

Leptura scutellata, F. Ireland, Clonbrack, co. Galway (Hon. R. E. Dillon). 

Leptura sanguinolenta, L. Southampton (Beck). 

Leptura fulva, De G. Newport, I. of W. (Morey) ; Ireland, Galwaj*. 

Leptura livida, F. Isle of Wight, Blackgang (Donisthorpe), SandowTi 
(Champion) ; Norfolk, not uncommon (Edwards) ; Ireland, Roscommon, 
A specimen was taken by Rye at Swanage with three branches to one of its 
antennae, 

Strangalia aurulenta, F. Devonshire, Harpford Woods, near Sidmouth 
(Attlee), Looe (Wood). 

Strangalia 4:-fusciata, L. New Forest (Donisthorpe and Morley) ; Sevenoaks 
(Janson) ; Devonshire, Tavistock (Mitford), Dulverton (de la Garde) ; 
Market Rasen, Lines (Willford) ; Leighton Buzzard (Crawshay) ; Suffolk 
and Norfolk, rare ; Scotland, East Lothian (Evans). Mr. Donisthorpe 
records the Bracon Helcon ruspator, L., parasitic on this species at Cannock 
Chase. 

Strangalia armata, Herbst. Ireland, widely distributed ; Scotland, Orchard- 
ton, Kirkcudbrightshire (Douglas). 

Strangalia nigra, L. Chiddingfold, not uncommon (Donisthorpe), 

Strangalia melanura, L, There is an Irish taken specimen of this species in 
the Haliday collection. 



284 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Gramoptera tabacicolor, De G. Ireland, widely distributed. 

Gramoptera analis, Panz. Chattenden (Walker) ; Colchester (Harwood) ; 

Gosbeck, Suffolk (Fox) ; Oxford (Hamm) ; Ireland, Belfast. 
Gramoptera ruficornis, F. Bred from larvae in ivy stems from Brandon 

(Morley) ; Ireland, common. 

Pogonocha;rus fasciculatus, De G. Dr. Wallace has taken a specimen in a 
garden at Grimsby. 

Pogonochcerus hidentaius, Thoms. Yaverland, I. of W. (Taylor) ; Bagley 
Wood (Walker) ; Bungay (Garneys) ; Gimingham (Butler) ; New Forest 
(Donisthorpe) ; Buddon Wood (Bouskell) ; Lincolnshire ; Ireland, Armagh 
and Wicklow. 

Pogonochcerus dentatus, Fourc. Often in ivy stems, Ditchling (DoUman) ; 
Oxford (Hamm) ; Upware, Cambs, sweeping under apple-trees (Donis- 
thorpe) ; Scotland, Forres, Morayshire, October 1892 (Chitty) ; Ireland. 
Wexford (Halbert), Kerry (Donisthorpe). 

Lamia textor, L. Fairlight, near Hastings (Geoffery) ; Llyn Cwmbychan. 
near Harlech (P. H. Jackson) ; Rannoch (E. A. Waterhouse). 

Mesosa nubila, 01. Bungay (Garneys). 

Agapanthia lineaiocollis. Dr. Headington Wick Copse (Walker). A melanie 
form occurs at Wicken Fen. 

Saperda carcharias, L. Colchester (Harwood). It is chieHy found on poplars ; 
at Wicken it is known as the " poplar beetle." Yorkshire ; Scotland. 
Grantown, Strathspey (W. Evans). 

Saperda scalaris, L. Mr. Kidson Taylor recorded this species from Sherwood 
Forest in 1869 ; he also bred it from pupae taken in oak. Cumberland. 
Baron Wood (Day) ; Scotland, Rannoch. &c., not uncommon. 

Saperda populnea, L. Wimbledon Common (Rye) ; Chiddingfold (Donis- 
thorpe) ; New Forest (Morley) ; Suffolk, Bungay (Garneys) ; Bentley 
Woods (Morley) ; Norfolk. Foxley Wood (Edwards) ; Bagley Wood. 
Oxford (Holland) ; near Wokingham (Fowler). 

Stenostola ferrea, Schrank. Melbourne, Derbyshire (0. E. Janson) ; on elm, 
Barmouth (Taylor) ; Yorkshire (Young) ; Barron Wood, Cumberland 
(Britten). 

Phytoecia cylindrica, L. Chattenden, and Tubney, near Oxford (Walker) ; 
Huntingfield (Chitty) ; Dorking, Horsley, Pamber Forest, and Monk's 
Wood (Donisthorpe) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; Suffolk, Eye district 
(Tyrer), Coddenham (Fox) ; Norfolk, Yarmouth (Paget), Ketteringham 
(Edwards), &c. 

Oberea ocidata, L. Is not uncommon in Wicken Fen, where it has been taken 
freely by Messrs. Bouskell, Donisthorpe, and others ; it occurred in plenty 
in 1898. 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 285 

PHYTOPHAGA 

For the superficial sexual characters in the genus Bruchus see E. M. M., 
1872, p. 191 (Rev. H. S. Gorham). 

Bruchus pectinicornis, L. Highgate, and from the "chickpea," Cicer aric- 
tinum, from a London warehouse (O. E. Janson) ; Putney (E. A. Water- 
house) ; Malvern (Tomlin) ; Suffolk (Morley) ; Coulsdon (Bedwell). 

Bruchus cisti. Germ. Freshwater, I. of W. (Bouskell and Donisthorpe) ; 
Suffolk, Bury district (Tuck) ; Kirtlington, Oxford (Walker) ; Ancaster, 
Lines (Thornley). 

Bruchus canus. Germ. Chattenden (Walker) ; Eastling Mill (Chitty). 

Bruchus pisi, L. Putney (Donisthorpe) ; Oxford, in peas (Professor Poulton) ; 
Suffolk (Morley) ; Carlisle (Day) ; Ireland, Dublin. 

Bruchus affinis, Frol. Darenth Wood, sweeping (Donisthorpe) ; Suffolk 
(Morley). 

Bruchus atomarius, L. Suffolk, Bentley Woods (Morley) ; Norfolk, East 
Rudham (Wood) ; Wicken Fen (Donisthorpe) ; Ireland, Down, Louth, 
Westmeath, Dublin, Wexford, Clare, Limerick, Cork, and Kerry. 

Bruchus rujipes, Herbst. ( ^ luteicornis, 111.). Enfield, Potter's Bar, and 
Cheshunt (Pool) ; Hanwell, beating blackthorn, in plenty (W. E. Sharp 
and others) ; Guildford (Champion) ; Budleigh Salterton (Donisthorpe) ; 
Teignmouth (de la Garde). 

Bruchtis villosus, F. Ireland, Wexford and Kerry. 

Orsodacna cerasi, L. Doncaster district, locally common (Corbett). 

Orsodacna lineola, Panz. Wimbledon Park (Rye) ; Chiddingfold (Donis- 
thorpe) ; near Ashford (Chitty) ; Baughurst (Joy) ; Marston, Oxford 
(Holland). 

Donacia crassipes, F. Enfield (Pool) ; Staines (Donisthorpe) ; Oxford ; 

Newbury (Harwood) : Ranworth Dyke, Norfolk (Thouless) ; Loddon 

River, near Reading (Tate). 
Donacia denfata, Hoppe. Enfield (Pool) ; Oxford (Walker) ; Wicken Fen 

(Donisthorpe) ; Suffolk (Morley) ; Norfolk, Lakenham (Edwards) ; Ireland, 

Kerry, on Nymphcea alba (Cuthbert). 
Donacia versicolorea, Brahm. Cumberland ; Ireland, widely distributed. 
Donacia sparganii, Ahr. Enfield (Pool) ; Oxford (Holland) ; Weybridge 

and Wicken Fen (Donisthorpe) ; Suffolk and Norfolk, locally common ; 

Newbury (Harwood), Humberstone. Lines (Wallace). 
Donacia dentipes, F. Chiddingfold (Donisthorpe) ; Oulton Broad (Bedwell) ; 

Lincolnshire ; Cumberland ; Ireland, Down, Galway, Westmeath, and 

Wicklow. 
Donacia limhata, Panz. Ireland, Louth, Wicklow, Wexford, Cork, and 

Kerry. 
Donacia bicolora, Zsch. Epping Forest (C. J. C. Pool) ; Wicken Fen (Donis- 
thorpe) ; Suffolk, rare (Morley) ; Norfolk, rare, Harford Bridges (Edwards), 

Horning (Thouless). 



286 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Donacia obscura, Gyll. Sutton Broad (Balfour Browne) ; Penrith, Cumber- 
land (Britten) ; Scotland, Loch Chesney (Gordon) ; Ireland, Glengariff, 
CO. Cork (Colonel Yerbury), Westmeath and Galway (Halbert) ; near 
Dublin ? in profusion (Kemp). 

Donacia thalassina, Germ. Richmond Park (Beare) ; Enfield (Pool) ; Oxford 
(Walker) ; Oulton Broad (Bedwell) ; Norfolk, scarce (Edwards) ; Braunton, 
Devonshire (de la Garde) ; Scotland, Drumshoreland (Evans) ; Ireland, 
widely distributed. 

Donacia impressa, Payk. Deal (Donisthorpe) ; Oxford (Holland) ; Norfolk, 
not common (Edwards), Sutton Broad (Balfour Browne) ; Cumberland, 
Keswick (Day) ; near Barmouth (P. H. Jackson) ; Ireland, widely dis- 
tributed. The forehead has a strong blunt prominence on each side. 

Donacia vulgaris, Zsch. Black Pond, Esher (Lewcock) ; Suffolk and Norfolk, 
not common ; Ireland, Antrim, Down, Westmeath, and Dublin. 

Donacia clavipes, F. A (^ of this species was taken in cop. with 9 D. obscura 
at Sutton Broad by Mr. F. Balfour Browne in 1905 ; Theddlethorpe, 
Lines (Thornley) ; Ireland, Roscommon and Clare. 

Donacia semicuprea, Panz. Ireland, co. Kerry ; it has not occurred in 
Armagh. 

Donacia cinerea, Herbst. Enfield (Pool) ; Oxshott (Donisthorpe) ; Lowestoft 
(Morley) ; Ranworth, Norfolk (Edwards) ; Ireland, Lough Neagh, 
(Wollaston). 

Donacia discolor, Panz. Chale Chine, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Tostock 
(Morley) ; Whitwell Common, Norfolk (Edwards) ; Ireland, common. 

Donacia braccata. Scop. SuJEfolk, Walberswick (Morley), Southwold (Crutwell) ; 
Norfolk, locally common ; Mablethorpe, Lines (Thornley) ; Murfleet, near 
Hull (Stainforth) ; Ireland, Wexford and Kerry. 

Donacia affinis, Kunze. Enfield (Pool) ; Weybridge (Donisthorpe) ; Oxford 
district (Walker); Suffolk, not rare (Morley) ; Norfolk, Ranworth (Thouless) ; 
Hatchmere and Delamere (W. E. Sharp) ; Cumberland (Britten) ; Ireland, 
very rare, Donegal. 

HcBmonia curtisi, Lac. Cuxton (Walker) ; Norfolk, Fakenham (Skrimshire. 
1811), Cley-next-the-Sea, in numbers (Babbington, 1837). 

Hcemonia appendiculata, Panz. Binsey, near Oxford (Dr. Jackson) ; Thames, 
near Marlow (Dollman) ; Ireland, Hill of Down Canal, Meath (Dr. AUman). 
Royal Canal, Dublin (Halbert and Kemp). Recently retaken near Oxford 
by Messrs. Collins and Walker. Mr. J. ColHns gives some interesting notes 
on the early stages of this beetle and figures the larva and pupa case 
(E. M. M., 1911, p. 248). 

Zeugophora flavicollis, Marsh. Wimbledon Common (E. A. Waterhouse) ; 
Epping Forest (Kemp) ; New Forest (Dr. Sharp) ; Colchester (Harwood) ; 
Suffolk (Morley). As pointed out by Mr. Champion, the posterior femora 
are wholly reddish yellow, and not fuscous (E. M. M., 1905, p. 224). 

Lema septentrionis, Weise. Ireland, widely distributed. 
Le7na melanopa, L. Ireland, only recorded from Dublin. 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 287 

Crioceris lilii. Scop. Chattenden (Turner). 
Crioceris asparagi, L. Lincolnshire. 

Lahidostomis tridentata, L. Bleane Woods (Walker) ; Pamber Forest, in 
numbers (Hamm). Mr. Donisthorpe has bred the young larva from the 
egg, and describes how the female lays in nature, the covered eggs being 
all fastened together (Ent. Rec, 1908, p. 108). 

Clythra quadri punctata, L. Near Shanklin, I. of W. (Poole) ; Ireland, Caragh 
Lake, co. Kerry (Bouskell). The larva only occurs in nests of Formica rufa. 
Mr. Donisthorpe has worked out the complete life-history, and shows that 
the female lets fall the covered egg on to the rufa nests (Trans. Ent. Soc. 
Lond., 1902, pp. 11-23). 

Cryptocephalus coryli, L. Streatley, Berks (Joy) ; Norfolk, Edgefield 
(Burrell) ; Sherwood Forest (Taylor) ; Leighton Buzzard (Crawshay). 

Cryptocephalus sexpunctatus, L. Huntingfield (Chitty) ; Colchester (Har- 
wood) ; Bentley Woods, Suffolk (Morley). 

Cryptocephalus hipuifictatiis, v. lineola, F. Charing (Chitty) ; Boar's Hill, 
Oxford (Holland) ; Wychwood Forest (Donisthorpe) ; Bentley Woods, 
Suffolk (Morley) ; Edgefield Wood, Norfolk (Burrell) ; near Barmouth 
(P. H. Jackson) ; near Wokingham (Fowler). 

Cryptocephalus aureolus, Suff. Nethy Bridge, Inverness-shire, July 1909 
(Miss Ethel Dougall). ■ 

Cryptocephalus hypochceridis, L. Cothill, near Oxford (Walker). 

Cryptocephalus ochrostoma, Har. Wychwood Forest (Chitty and Donisthorpe). 

Cryptocephalus parvulus, Miill. Bentley Woods (Morley). 

Cryptocephalus morcei, L. Chiddingfold, not uncommon on Hypericum 
(Donisthorpe) ; Ogley Bog, near Oxford (Walker) ; Bembridge, 1. of W. 
(Champion) ; Peppard, Henley-on-Thames (Fowler). 

Cryptocephalus hilineatus, L. Yarnton, near Oxford (Collins). 

Cryptocephalus pusillus, F. Parkhurst Forest, 1. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; 
Stow-on-the-Wold, Glos (Crawshay) ; Oxford district (Walker) ; Norfolk, 
not common (Edwards) ; Suffolk, various localities, but rare ; Lincolnshire 
(Wallace, &c.). In this species the scutellum is always black, even when 
the whole of the rest of the insect is testaceous. 

Cryptocephalus labiatus, L. Ireland, Killarney (HaUday). 

Cryptocephalus exiguus, Schneid. Oulton Broad (Bedwell) ; Norfolk, Eaton 
Common (Edwards), Horning (Thouless), Woodbastwick (Power) ; Freshney 
Bogs, North Lincolnshire (Thornley). 

Cryptocephahis frontalis, Marsh. Marston, near Oxford (Holland) ; Foxley 
Wood, Norfolk (Edwards) ; Sapperton, Lines (Miss Stow). 

In some notes on Crypfocephali in the Ent. Record, 1 908, p. 208. Mr. Donis- 
thorpe points out that all the species lay covered eggs and the larvse live in 
cases and feed on Hchen on trees, &c. ; some often pupate in ants' nests. 

Lamprosoma concolor, Sturm. Suffolk, near Bungay (Garneys) ; Norfolk 
(Stephens) ; Ireland, Kilkenny, Waterford, Cork, and Kerry. 



288 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Timarcha ienehricosa, F. Both larva and perfect insect feed on Galium. 
Cumberland ; Scotland, Potterland Hill (Douglas and Lennon) ; Ireland, 
Tipperary and Waterford. Perilitus falciger, a Braconid, is parasitic on 
this species (Bignell), E. M. M., 1891, p. 169. 

Timarcha violaceonigra, De G. Ireland, Antrim and Waterford. 

Chrysomela sanguinolenta, L. Ireland, Cork (Cuthbert). 

Chrysomela marginalis, Duft. Suffolk, Bury (Norgate), Newmarket (Verrall), 

Brandon (Elliot), Bentley Woods (Baylis) ; Norfolk, Hunstanton (Dixon). 
Chrysomela marginata, L. Devil's Dyke, Brighton (Lewcock) ; Cleethorpes, 

Lines (Wallace). 
Chrysomda hanksi, F. Kirby Beden, Norfolk (Edwards) ; St. Issy, Cornwall 

(Crawshay) ; Lundy Island (WoUaston). 
Chrysomela staphylea, v. sharpi. Fowler. Not scarce under stones at Storno- 

way (Walker) ; Cleethorpes (Donisthorpe). 
Chrysomela orichalcia, Miill. Sandown (Taylor), Brook and Compton Bay, 

I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Suffolk (Morley) ; Lakenham, Norfolk (Edwards) ; 

Cothill (Walker) ; Shotover (Hamm) ; Leighton Buzzard and Melchbourne 

(Crawshay) ; Ireland, Meath. 
Chrysomela. orichalcia, v. hobsoni, Steph. Alcester, Warwickshire (Blatch) ; 

South Hylton, Durham, under decaying hemlock leaves (Bagnall) ; Ditch- 

Ung, at roots of common hemlock (Dollman) ; Leighton Buzzard (Crawshay). 
Chrysomela hcemoptera, L. Purley Downs (Donisthorpe) ; Ipswich (Morley) ; 

Weybourne, Suffolk (Edwards). 
Chrysomela varians, Schall. Widely distributed. Ireland, not uncommon in 

the south and west ; most of the specimens are referable to the green form. 
Chrysomela gottingensis, L. Box Hill (Jennings) ; Purley Downs (Donis- 
thorpe) ; Oxford district (Walker) ; Norwich (Edwards) ; Devonshire ; 

Cornwall ; Isle of Wight ; Shaftesbury, Dorset (Crawshay). 
Chrysomela graminis, L. Babbington recorded it as double-brooded, occur- 
ring near Bath on Mentha hirsuta, June and September, feeding in the 

autumn on the flowers of the mint (1833). This record may have referred 

to the next species. 
Chrysomela menthrasti, Suffr. Wantage (Harwood) ; Dean Forest (Hodgson) ; 

the Wicken Fen records most probably refer to the last species ; Grantham, 

Lines (T. Stow) ; Reading (TomHn). 
Chrysomela fastuosa. Scop. Suffolk, near Eye (Tyrer) ; Norfolk (Burrell) ; 

Barrow-on-Soar, on " white nettle " (Bouskell) ; Cadney, Lines (Wallace) ; 

Ireland, Donegal, Fermanagh, Roscommon, Wexford, and Clare. 
Chrysomela cerealis, L. It is recorded by Mr. Haliday as having been taken 

by Mr. Hely on Knockmeledown Hill, Tipperary, Ireland. Mr. E. J. 

Burgess Sopp makes some very interesting observations on the habits of 

this beetle in the Naturalist's Journal, 1902, p. 13. 
Chrysomela didymata, Scriba. Luccombe Chine, I. of W. (J. Taylor) ; New 

Forest ; Bagley Wood, &c., near Oxford (Walker) ; Suffolk, various 

locahties (Morley) ; Norfolk, widely distributed (Edwards) ; Leighton 

Buzzard (Crawshay) ; Great Cotes, Lines (Thornley). 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 280 

Chrysomela hyperici, Forst. Sevenoaks (Donisthorpe) ; Lundy Island 
(Wollaston) ; Oxford district (Walker) ; Suffolk, Burgh (Paget), Bentley 
(Harwood), Foxhall (Morley) ; Norfolk, occurs sparingly (Edwards) ; 
Cleethorpes (Donisthorpe) ; Ireland, widely distributed. 

Melasoma oeneum, L. Cumberland (Day and Britten) ; Ireland, Kenmare, 
CO. Kerry (Hardy). The record " Leicester " refers to Buddon Wood 
(Power) and Switherland Slate Quarry (Headley), in Leicestershire. 

Melasoma populi, L. Belton Bog. Suffolk (Paget) ; Norfolk, Ranworth 
(Edwards), Horning (Thouless), Oby (Paget) ; Lynewode Warren, Lines 
(Thornley). 

Melasoma tremulce, F. Bagley Wood. Oxford (Holland) ; Bentley Woods, 
Suffolk (Morley) ; Norfolk (Burrell). 

Phytodeda rufipes, De G. Bagley Wood, Oxford (Holland) ; Chiddingfold 

(v. sexpunctata, F.) (Donisthorpe) ; Leighton Buzzard (Crawshay). 
Phytodeda olivacea, Forst. Ireland, co. Kerry. The v. nigricans, Weise, 

has been taken in Cumberland by Mr. F. H. Day. 
Phytodeda pallida, L. Guildford Downs (Champion) ; Llandaff (TomUn) ; 

Cumberland ; Ireland, Derry, Down, and Wicklow. Mr. Donisthorpe bred 

it from the larva, and shows that it fed on hazel and pupated in the earth. 

He bred two flies {Meigenia floralis) from two of the pupae (Ent. Record, 

1909, p. 208). 
Phytodeda affinis, Suff. With regard to the record of this insect, Mr. Edwards 

points out that Mr. Winter and Mr. Cocking were one and the same person. 

Gastroidea viridula, De G. Parthenogenesis in this species is proved in the 
E. M. M. for 1880, vol. xvii. p. 127 (Osborne). 

Plagiodera versicolora, Laich. Kingston-on-Thames (Lewcock) ; very abun- 
dant in the Oxford district (Walker) ; Wantage (Harwood) ; Ireland, 
Kenmare Wood, co. Kerry. 

Phcedon concinnus, Steph. Humberstone, Lincolnshire (Bullock). 

Phyllodeda cavifrons. Thorns. Broxbourne, on Lombardy poplar (Jennings) ; 
on white poplar, Sandown, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Suffolk, Ipswich 
district (Morley) ; Norfolk, widely distributed (Edwards) ; Ireland, 
Armagh (Johnson), Caragh Lake, co. Kerry (Donisthorpe). 

Phyllodeda vitellince, L., is occasionally all blue in colour. 

Hydrothassa hannoverana, F. Little Salkeld, Cumberland (Britten). 

Aglastica alni, L. Some specimens were taken in the streets of Deal by 
Messrs. Bedwell and Jennings in 1900. 

Phyllobrotica quadrirnaculata, L. Farnham (Lewcock) ; Bulmershe, Reading 
(Fowler and Holland) ; Welhngton College (Joy) ; Suffolk, Bury district 
(Tuck) ; Norfolk, scarce (Edwards) ; Leicestershire. Buddon Wood (F. 
Bates) ; Bradgate Park (Bouskell) ; near Gainsboro', Lines (Wallace) ; 
Ireland, Antrim, Cork, and Kerry. 

T 



290 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Luperus nigrofasciatus, Goeze. Suffolk ; Norfolk ; Scotland, Wigtownshire 

(Gordon). 
Luperus rufipes, Scop., and Jiavipes, L., are not recorded from Ireland. 

Lochmcea caprece, L. Ireland, Donegal, Antrim, Clare, Cork, and Kerry. 
Mr. Gordon recorded that several large perch caught near Loch Gower, 
in Wigtownshire, were full of this beetle (Ent. Rec., 1903, p. 49). 

Lochmcua suturalis, Thoms. Ireland, common. 

Lochmcea cratcegi, Forst. Ireland, widely distributed. 

Galerucella viburni, Pk. Huntingfield (Chitty) ; New Forest, Whitefield 
Woods, 1. of W., and Chippenham Fen (Donisthorpe) ; Norfolk, Fosley 
Wood and Howe Grove (Edwards) ; Lincoln (Peacock) ; Brasley Wood, 
Lines (Wallace) ; Ireland, Galway and Queen's County. 

Galerucella nymphcBce, L. Ireland, widely distributed, but not so common as 
G. sagittarioB, Gyll., or lineola, F. 

Galerucella calmariensis, L. Ireland, widely distributed. 

Galerucella tenella, L. Ireland, common. 

Adimonia tanaceti, L. Mr. Sopp has found it feeding on wild thyme. Mr. 
Wallace Kew found the larvae feeding in plenty on Scabiosa succisa, and 
also on Centaurea nigra, in Lincolnshire. He also notes the pupation 
(E. M. M., vol. xxiii. 1886, p. 107). 

Adimonia odandica, Boh. Westward Ho ! (Wood). 

Sermyla halensis, L. The elytra are sometimes blue, or shot with crimson 
and violet. Ireland, Portsalon, co. Donegal (Somerville). 

Longitarsus pulex, Schrank. Huntingfield (Chitty) ; Peppard (Fowler) ; 

Tring and Chesham (Elliman) ; Wytham Park (Walker). The Irish record 

refers to L. ater, F. 
Longitarsus anchusce, Payk. Suffolk (Morley) ; East Rudham, Norfolk 

(Wood) ; Leicester (F. Bates) ; Kibworth (Miss M. E. Whitton) ; Scotland, 

Orchardton (Douglas), Peebles (Beare). 
Longitarsus ater, F. Ireland, Donegal, Derry, Antrim, and Cavan. The 

flax crop in co. Down suffered severely from the attack of this beetle in 

1827. 
Longitarsus Jiolsaticus, L. Baughurst (Joy) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; Oxford 

district (Walker) ; Suffolk, Lakenheath and Henstead (Morley) ; Norfolk, 

Horning (Edwards) ; Cumberland (Britten) ; Lundy Island (Joy and 

TomHn) ; Ireland, widely distributed. 
Longitarsus 4-guttatus, Pont. Arundel Park, the ab. immaculatus, Weise, 

being commoner than the type (W. E. Sharp) ; Gumley, Leicestershire 

(Matthews). 
Longitarsus dorsalis, F. Streatley (Joy) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; Suffolk 

(Morley). 
Longitarsus castaneus, Duft. Yarnton (Collins) ; Oulton Broad (Bedwell) ; 

Cumberland. Ireland, Balrath, co. Meath (Donisthorpe and Nicholson). 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 291 

Longitarsus agilis. Rye. Lewes, in numbers (Dollman) ; Baldock (Wood) ; 

Cothill, near Oxford (Walker) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; Huntingfield (Donis- 

thorpe) ; Lakenham (Morley) ; Seaton, Devon (Champion). It has been 

taken in France by Mons. Bedel. 
Longitarsus suturellus, Duft. Ireland, Armagh. 
Longitarsus patruelis. All. Cumberland ; Ireland, Dublin. 
Longitarsus atriceps, Kuts. Bradfield (Joy) ; Oxford district (Walker) ; 

Bentley Woods (Morley) ; Gumley (Matthew) ; Herefordshire (Tomlin) ; 

Ireland, Armagh (Johnson). 
Longitarsus distinguendus. Rye. Carlisle (Day). 
Longitarsus suturalis, Marsh. West Malvern, on Convolvulus arvensis (Tomlin) ; 

Ireland, Donegal, Armagh, and Galway. 
Longitarsus nasturtii, F. Wall Hills Camp, Herefordshire (Tomlin) ; Tubney 

(Colhns). 
Longitarsus piciceps, Steph. Tubney (Walker) ; Bentley Woods (Morley) ; 

Cumberland (Day) ; Ireland, widely distributed. 
Longitarsus lycopi, Foudr. New Forest, Cannam Heath, and Tubney, near 

Oxford (Donisthorpe) ; Gumley (Matthews). 
Longitarsus ballotce. Marsh. Yarbridge, I. of W. (Taylor) ; Ireland, Donegal. 
Longitarsus waterhousei, Kuts. Gumley (Matthews) ; Ryde, I. of W. (Donis- 
thorpe) ; Beckley, near Oxford (Holland). 
Longitarsus fiavicornis, Steph. On Convolvulus arvensis, Bradfield (Joy) ; 

on Convolvulus sepium, Lewes and Ditchling (Dollman) ; Sandown, I. of 

W. (Taylor) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; Elsfield, near Oxford (Walker) ; 

Llandaff (Tomlin) ; Catfield and Stalham (Donisthorpe) ; Ireland, Round- 
stone, CO. Galway (Chaster). 
Longitarsus exoletus, L. Oxford district (Walker) ; Braunton (de la Garde) ; 

Lundy Island (WoUaston) ; Ireland, Donegal, Louth, Dublin, and Kerry. 
Longitarsus pusillus, Gyll. Ireland, widely distributed. Mr. W. E. Sharp 

recorded that a dark form of this species {Thyamis collaris, Steph.) was 

abundant in Buckinghamshire (E. M. M., 1906, p. 39). 
Longitarsus reichei. All. Ogley Bog (Holland). 
Longitarsus tahidus, F. Huntingfield (Chitty) ; Oxford district (Walker) ; 

Tring (Elliman) ; Whitsand Bay (Donisthorpe) ; Lundy Island (WoUaston) ; 

British Camp, Herefordshire (Tomlin). 
Longitarsus rutilus. 111. Halstow, Kent (Walker) ; Eaton, Norfolk (Edwards). 
Longitarsus ochroleucus. Marsh. Ireland, Antrim, Louth, Galway, and 

Kerry. 
Longitarsus gracilis, Kuts. Oxford district, Suffolk, Norfolk, Lundy Island 

(and V. poweri, All.), Joy ; Cumberland ; Ireland, Donegal, Derry, Antrim, 

Cavan, Armagh, and Dublin. 
Longitarsus Icevis, Duft. Ireland, Donegal, Louth, and Dublin. 
Longitarsus pellucidus, Foudr. Newbury (Harwood) ; Beckley (Holland) ; 

Ireland, Donegal, Derr}^, Clare, Galway, and Limerick. 

Haltica lythri, Aube. The Irish record is doubtful. 

Haltica ericeti, All. Cumberland ; Ireland, widely distributed. 



292 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Haltica coryli. All. Bagley Wood (Walker) ; Bentley Woods, Suffolk, on 
hazel and poplar (Morley) ; Foxley Wood, Norfolk, on hazel (Edwards) ; 
Baughurst and Whitefield Woods, I. of W., on hazels (Donisthorpe). 

Haltica oleracea, L. Ireland, widely distributed. 

Haltica palustris, Weise. Cumberland (Day) ; Scotland, Aberfoyle (Edwards) ; 
Ireland, very rare, Armagh, Wexford, and Kerry. 

Haltica pusilla, Duft. Ireland, Waterford and Kerry. 

Herniceophaga mercurialis, F. Bagley Wood (Shipp) ; Oxford district 
(Walker) ; Gumley (Matthews) ; Ireland, Wexford (Cuthbert). 

Phyllotreta nodicornis, Marsh. Norfolk, locally common, on cultivated 
mignonette in Mr. Edwards' garden ; Scotland, Orchardton (Douglas) ; 
Ireland, Limerick (Furlong). 

Phyllotreta nigripes, F. Plymstock (Keys) ; Gumley (Matthews) ; Ireland, 
Down, Dublin, and Waterford. 

Phyllotreta consobrina. Curt. Ireland, Dublin ; in 1898 it destroyed planta- 
tions of cabbages, turnips, and carrots there. 

Phyllotreta punctulata. Marsh. Cumnor, Oxford (Holland) ; Trusthorpe, 
Lines (Thornley) ; Ireland, Dublin. 

Phyllotreta afra, Payk. Hartlepool (Gardner) ; Ireland, Galway and Wex- 
ford. 

Phiillotreta cruciferce, Goeze., and vittula, Redt. Devonshire (de la Garde). 

Phyllotreta vittula, Redt. Ireland, Shane's Castle, Lough Neagh (Halbert). 

Phyllotreta nemorum, L. Ireland, common. Mr. EUiman records an aberra- 
tion from North Wales with the tibiae almost entirely black, the var. a of 
Weise (Ins. Deutschl., vi. p. 875). 

Phyllotreta flexuosa, 111. Norfolk (Edwards) ; Cumberland (Day) ; Curragh, 
Isle of Man (Tomlin) ; Ireland, Wexford (Halbert) ; Scotland, Braemar 
on Cardamine (Donisthorpe). 

Phyllotreta sinuata, Steph. Eskdale, Cumberland (Fowler), 1911, August and 
September, common ; Suffolk and Norfolk, rare ; Taly-y-Capu, near 
Conway (W. E. Sharp) ; LlandafE (Tomlin) ; N. Cornwall (Butler) ; 
Scotland, Luss (Dalglish). 

Phyllotreta exclamationis, Thunb. Birkdale (Chaster and Sopp) ; Isle of Man 
(Tomlin) ; Marton, Lines (Thornley) ; Ireland, Down, Armagh, Wicklow, 
Kilkenny, Cork, and Kerry. The Irish record of P. tetrastigma refers to 
this species. 

AptJiona lufescens, Gyll. Oxford; Suffolk; Norfolk; Pendine Burrows, 

Carmarthenshire (Butler) ; Ireland, widely distributed. 
Apthona nigriceps, Redt. Sandown, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Braunton, 

Devonshire (de la Garde) ; Enslow Bridge (Collins). 
Apthona atro-virens, Forst. Ditchhng (Dollman) ; ALford, Lines (Wallace) ; 

Ireland, widely distributed. 
Apthona herbigrada. Curt. Anstey Lane, Leicester (F. Bates) ; Ingleton, 

Yorks (Chaster, who records a form of an aenous colour with elongate 

antennte in ^). 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 293 

Bafophila ruhi, Payk. Ireland, Wicklow, Kilkenny, and Wexford. 
Batophila aerata. Marsh. The Rev. T. Wood records it as injurious to rasp- 
berries in Kent. 

Apteropeda glohosa. 111. Cobham Pai-k (Walker) ; Chesham (Elliman) ; 
Tiverton, Devon (de la Garde) ; Cumberland (Day) ; Ireland, Donegal, 
Derry, King's County, and Waterford. The Armagh record is not given 
in the Irish List. Dr. Joy took a var. at Kingswear, Devon, with shining 
coppery thorax, dull greenish elytra, the whole surface being strongly 
alutaceous. According to Walker the larva feeds on Plantago, Teucreum, 
and Nepeta glechoma. 

Apteropeda splendida, All. Near Bradfield (Joy). 

Mniophila muscoritm, Hoch. Shanklin Copse, I. of W. (Guyon) ; Chidding- 
fold (Donisthorpe) ; Cumberland (Day) ; Ireland, Antrim, Down, and 
SUgo. 

Podagrica fuscipes, L. Ireland, Belfast (Haliday). 

Podagrica fvscicornis, L. Commander Walker recorded it as a garden pest 
at Oxford in 1904 ; Gumley (Matthews) ; Sapperton, Lines (Miss Stow). 

Manhira rustica, L. Is not recorded from Ireland. 

Mantura chrysantliemi, Koch. Lundy Island (Wollaston) ; Ipswich (Elli- 
man) ; Brandon (Morley) ; abundant on Rumex acetosella, near Southport 
(Chaster) ; Ireland, Wicklow (Furlong). 

Mantura matthewsi, Curt. Hartlepool (Gardner). 

Ochrosis salicarice, Payk. Sandown, I. of W. (Ellis) ; not rare on Lysiynachia 
nummularia, Cobham Wood (Walker). The Irish records were in error. 

Crepidodera transversa. Marsh. Recorded as taken in copula with C. ferrvginea 

at Chat Moss (T. Morley), and in the Nen- Forest (Donisthorpe). 
Crepidodera ferruginea, Scop. Recorded as taken in copula with C. rvfipes 

at Llangollen (T. Morley). 
Crepidodera rufipes, L. Ireland, Armagh and Dublin. 
Crepidodera ventralis. 111. On Solanum dulcamara, St. Helens, I. of W. 

(Holland) ; Isle of Man, in plenty, and Herefordshire (Tomlin). 
Crepidodera nitidula, L. Baughurst (Joy) ; Suffolk (Morley) ; Bagley Wood 

(Collins) ; Leighton Buzzard (Crawshay). 
Crepidodera helxines, L. Ireland, common. 
Crepidodera chloris, Foudr. Winchelsea, near Hastings (Donisthorpe) ; 

Oxford district (Walker) ; Suffolk (Morley) ; Thorpe, Norfolk (Edwards) ; 

Southport (Chaster and Sopp). 
Crepidodera aitrata, Marsh. Scotland, Bonhill (Dalglish) ; Ireland, Donegal 

and Antrim. 

mppuriphila modeeri, L. Ireland, Dublin and Limerick. 

Epitrix puhescens, Koch. Suffolk, banks of Little Ouse (Morley) ; Tudden- 

ham Fen (Donisthorpe). 
Epitrix atropcE, Foud. Tring (Elliman) ; Wychwood Forest (Donisthorpe). 



294 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Choelocnema conjusa, Boh. Tubney, near Oxford (Holland) ; Wellington 
College (Joy) ; Wicken Fen (Donisthorpe). 

Choetocnema hortensis, Fourc. Southport district (Chaster and Sopp) ; Ireland, 
Donegal, Antrim, Wicklow, Wexford, and Kerry. 

Chmtocnema sahlhergi, Gyll. Poole Harbour (Chitty) ; Oulton Broad (Bed- 
well) ; Horning Common, Norfolk (Edwards) ; Gumley (Matthews) ; 
Taly-y-Capu, near Conway (W. E. Sharp) ; River Waver, Cumberland 
(Day) ; Ireland, Wexford (Halbert). 

Psylliodes chrysocephala, L., v. anglica, F. Ryde, I. of W. (Donisthorpe). 

Psylliodes cyanoptera. 111. Wicken Fen (Chitty and Donisthorpe), several 
specimens, including a var., with dark thorax, August 1892. 

Psylliodes affinis, Payk. Scotland, Longniddy, in plenty (Beare). 

Psylliodes marcida. 111. Ireland, Enniscrone, co. Sligo (Johnson) ; Rossbeigh, 
CO. Kerry (Donisthorpe). 

Psylliodes dulcamarce, Koch. Chiddingfold (Donisthorpe) ; Ventnor, I. of W. 
(Ellis) ; Lundy Island (Wollaston) ; Enslow Bridge (Collins) ; Suffolk 
(Morley) ; Ditchling (Dollman). 

Psylliodes chalcomera. 111. Isle of Wight, Freshwater (Champion), Black- 
gang (Donisthorpe) ; Lundy Island (Joy) ; N. Cornwall (Butler) ; Hartle- 
pool (Gardner). It does not occur in Ireland. 

Psylliodes hyoscyami, L. Oxford district (Walker) ; Wychwood Forest 
(Holland) ; Gumley (Matthews) ; Hartlepool (Gardner). 

Psylliodes picina, Marsh. Oxford district (Walker) ; Weymouth (Donis- 
thorpe) ; Ireland, Fermanagh and Roscommon. 

Cassida murrcea, L. Chilswell, near Oxford (Donisthorpe and Walker) ; Eye 
Park, Suffolk (Tyrer) ; St. Faith's Wood, Norfolk (Wigham) ; Miskin, 
S. Wales (Chitty) ; Backways Cove, N. Cornwall (Butler). C. maculata. 
L., is the green form of this insect. 

Cassida fastnosa, Schall. In numbers in 1909, Boxhill (Bedwell), on Inula 
conyza ; Miskin, S. Wales (Chitty). 

Cassida nebulosa, L. Ludham (Edwards) ; Woodbastwick (Thouless). 

Cassida vihex, F. Ireland, Fermanagh, Galway, and Kerry. 

Cassida sanguinolenia, F. Sandown, I. of W. (Taylor) ; Ditchling, green 
form (Dollman) ; Fairlight, near Hastings, and New Forest (Donisthorpe) ; 
Headington Wick (Walker) ; Suffolk (Morley) ; Norfolk (Edwards) ; Bar- 
mouth (P. H. Jackson) ; Cleethorpes (Baker) ; Ireland, Borris, co. Carlow 
(Halbert). 

Cassida vittata, Vill. Taken in great numbers at roots of Arenaria maritima 
at Blackgang Chine, I. of W., by Messrs. Beare and Donisthorpe, the larvse 
feeding on the plant. 

Cassida nohilis, L. Bembridge, I. of W. (Ellis) ; Wellington College (Donis- 
thorpe) ; Felixstowe (Walker) ; Bungay (Garneys) ; Norfolk, on Tyvha 
angustijolia (Burrell) ; Leighton Buzzard (Crawshay) ; Lincolnshire ; 
Ireland, Down and Clare. Mr. Dollman and I found several specimens 
of a form with a crimson horseshoe on the back (for which I propose the 
name var. dollmani, n.v.) at the roots of Chenopodium at St. Helens, I. of 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 295 

W., the colours exactly matching those of the plant. Scotland : a few 
imagos and larvae in abundance on Silene maritima on the shores of Loch 
Long, at Coalport, Dumbartonshire, June 27, 1910 (W. Evans). 
Cassida hemisphcerica, Herbst. Queenstown Warren (Walker) ; Sandown, 
I. of W. (Champion) ; Shaftesbury, Dorset (Crawshay) ; Ireland, Donegal, 
Antrim, Wexford, and Cork. 

HETEROMERA 

Blaps mucronata, Latr. Ireland, common. 

Blaps similis, Latr. Holborn, not uncommon (Donisthorpe) ; Stroud 

(Walker) ; Ipswich (Baylis) ; Bury district (Tuck). 
Blaps mortisaga, L. In bakehouse, Sandown, I. of W. (Taylor). 
Blaps gigas, F. Mr. Tuck took a specimen in his cellar at Bury St. Edmunds 

in 1903. 
Crypticus quisquilius, L. Tubney, near Oxford (Holland) ; Lundy Island 

(Joy and Tomlin). 

Heliopathes gihbus, F. Ireland, Meath, Wexford, Waterford, and Cork. 

Opatrum sabiilosum, Gyll. Ireland, Kenmare, co. Kerry (Hardy). 

Microzoum tihiale, F. Inland : Tubney (Holland), Farnham and New 
Forest (Donisthorpe) ; Braunton (de la Garde) ; Humberstone, Lines 
(Bullock) ; Ireland, Rush, co. Dublin (W. E. Sharp). 

Phaleria cadaverina, F. Ireland, Louth, Wicklow, and Waterford. Mr. 
Keys takes it at Whitsand Bay of unusually large size, with large black 
" saddle- back " markings on the elytra, and he has taken a nearly black 
form there. 

Heledona agaricola, F. Enfield (Pool) ; Virginia Water (W. E. Sharp) ; 
Oxford (Walker) ; Suffolk (Kirby) ; Scotland, Carnsalloch Wood, Dum- 
fries (Lennon). 

Platydema dytiscoides, Rossi. Rediscovered in the New Forest in 1901 by 
Messrs. Donisthorpe and Gorham, who took seven specimens under bark 
of felled oak. 

Alphitophagus bifasciatus, Say. Stroud (Walker), in a granary, in numbers. 
As Mr. Champion points out. Say's name has nine years' priority over 
Stephens' quadripustidahis. Hanwell (Nicholson). 

Tenebrio molitor, L. Ireland, Antrim and Dublin. 

Tenebrio obsciirvs, F. Queenborough (Walker) ; Oxford (Hamm) ; Ireland, 
Down and Limerick. 

AlpTiitobius piceus, 01. Queenborough, common in bone stack (Donisthorpe) ; 
Carlisle (Day). 

Gnathocerus cormitus, F. Ipswich (Morley) ; Oxford (Holland) ; Grimsby 
(Wallace) ; Scotland, Edinburgh and North Berwick (Evans) ; Ireland, 
Belfast, in meal (Halbert). 



296 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Triholium ferrugineum, F. Suffolk ; Cumberland ; Grimsby (Wallace) ; 
Ireland, Dublin. 

Triholium confusion, Duv. Edmonton (Pool) ; Shotover (Holland) ; Lowes- 
toft (Bedwell) ; Penrith, Cumberland (Britten). 

Palorus ratzeburgi, Wissm. Ireland, Ballybunion, co. Kerry, under bark on 
a paling (Cuthbert). 

Hypophlosus hicolor, 01. Richmond Park (Donisthorpe) ; Enfield (Pool) ; 
Madingly, near Cambridge (DoUman) ; Sproughton, Suffolk (Morley) ; 
Tubney, near Oxford (Walker) ; Alnwick, Durham (Bagnall). 

Latheticus oryzce, Wat. In granary, Holborn (Donisthorpe) ; Lowestoft, in 
numbers (Bedwell) ; Penrith, Cumberland (Britten). 

HelofS cceruleus, L. Woolwich (Bedwell) ; Lymington (Donisthorpe) ; 

Sandown (Taylor) ; Yarmouth, I. of W. (Beare) ; Norfolk, Lower Close 

(Wigham), Yarmouth (Paget) ; Plymouth (Keys). 
Helops fallidus, Curtis. St. Helens, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Fehxstowe 

(Morley) ; Ireland, Antrim, Wexford, Waterford, and Cork. 
Helops striatus, Fourc. Ireland, common. 

Cistela luperus, Herbst. Cothill (Walker) ; Bentley Woods, Suffolk (Morley) ; 

Ireland, Derry. 
Cistela ceramboides, L. New Forest (Donisthorpe) ; Bentley Woods, Suffolk 

(Morley). 
Cistela murina, L. Is not recorded from Ireland. 

Eryx ater, F. South Kensington, on the steps of the Museum ! (Donisthorpe) ; 
Enfield (Pool) ; Cobham Park (Walker) ; New Forest (C. Guliver) ; Brad- 
field, Berks (Joy) ; Ipswich (Morley). 

Mycetocliares bipustulata, 111. Richmond Park (Bennett) ; Epping Forest 
(Jennings) ; Sherwood Forest (Kidson-Taylor) ; Suffolk (Morley). 

Cteniopus sulphureus, L. Inland records : Wicken Fen, not rare (Donis- 
thorpe), Tubney, near Oxford (Holland) ; Deganwy, near Llandudno 
(W. E. Sharp). 

Cteniopus sulphureus, (^ ab. bicolor, F. Deal (Donisthorpe). 

Tetratoma fungorum, F. Woking (Donisthorpe) ; Oulton Broad (Bedwell) ; 

Bury (Tuck) ; Norfolk (Edwards) ; Oxford district (Walker) ; Doncaster 

district (Corbett) ; Cumberland (Day). 
Tetratoma desmaresti, Latr. Huntingfield (Chitty) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; 

Norfolk (Fox) ; Stoke Edith, Herefordshire (Tomlin) ; Melchbourne. Beds 

(Crawshay) ; Wytham Park (Collins). 
Tetratoma ancora, F. Kingsbridge, Devon (de la Garde) ; Charing, Kent 

(Chitty) ; Bungay, Suffolk (Garneys) ; Cumberland (Day). 

Orchesia micans, Panz. Richmond and Isle of Wight (Donisthorpe) ; Lancing 
(Rye) ; Suffolk ; Norfolk ; Oxford district (Walker) ; Hooton, Cheshire 
(W. E. Sharp) ; Lancashire ; Ireland, Kerry. 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 2!>7 

Clinocara tefrato7na. Thorns. Charing (Chitty) ; Ditchling (Dollman) ; 
Miller's Dale (Kidson-Taylor) ; Cumberland ; Scotland, Hawthornden 
(Beare). F. Walker described this insect as Oehesia minor in 1837 from 
a specimen taken at New Lanark. " In the cabinet of the Entomological 
Club ! " 

Clinocara undidata, Kr. Cumberland (Britten) ; Northumberland (Bagnall) ; 
Scotland, Huntly (Lennon) ; Ireland, co. Kerry, Kenmare (Halbert) ; 
Glen Car (Bouskell). 

Hallomenus Jmmeralis, Panz. Oxshott and Sherwood (Bedwell) ; Putney 
(E. A. Waterhouse) ; Richmond Park (Donisthorpe) ; Enfield (Pool) ; 
Woking (Champion) ; Oxford (Hamm) ; Ipswich (Elliman) ; Lakenham, 
Norfolk (Edwards) ; Doncaster district (Corbett). 

Conopalpus iestaceus, 01. Godshill, I. of W. (Morey) ; Palmer's Green 
(Pool) ; Bishop's Wood, Hampstead, and Sevenoaks (Donisthorpe) ; 
Woking (Champion) ; Oxford district (Walker) ; Melchbourne, Beds 
(Crawshay) ; Bentley Woods, Suffolk (Morley) ; Dunston Common, Nor- 
folk (Edwards) ; Bradgate Park, Leicestershire, and v. vigorsi, Steph. 
(F. Bates) ; Ireland (Tardy). 

Mdandrya caraboides, L. Bagley Wood (Holland) ; Bungay (Garneys) ; 
Yarmouth (Paget) ; Ireland, Wicklow (Furlong). 

Melandrya barbata, F. {dubia, Fowler). This insect has been taken recently 
in the New Forest ; three specimens sent to Mr. F. Bates by C. Guliver, 
Heasler several 1901, Bedwell one 1901. 

Anisoxya fuscula. 111. Waltham and Edmonton (Pool) ; Oxford district and 
Cobham Park (Walker) ; Huntingfield (Chitty) ; Freshwater and Sandown, 
I. of W. (Donisthorpe). 

Abdera qiiadrifasciata, Curt. Enfield (Pool) ; Market Bosworth, Leicester- 
shire (Bouskell and Donisthorpe) ; Wytham Park, Oxford (Donisthorpe 
and Walker). 

Abdera bifasciata. Marsh. Bleane Woods (Morley) ; Woking, and Sandown, 
I. of W. (Champion) ; Ditchling (Dollman) ; Tubney (Harwood). 

Abdera friguttata, Gyll. Scotland, Newtonmore, Inverness-shire (Black). 

Abdera flexuosa, Payk. Salkeld, Cumberland (Britten). 

Phlceoirya rufipes, Gyll. Newport, I. of W. (Morey) ; Ashstead (Bedwell) ; 
Coombe Wood and Richmond Park (Donisthorpe) ; Enfield (Pool) ; Meavy 
Valley, Devonshire (Keys) ; Leicestershire, Bradgate Park (F. Bates), 
Bosworth Park (Bouskell and Donisthorpe). 

Osphya bipundata, F. Chattenden Roughs (Walker) ; Cheltenham (Edwards) ; 
Coddenham, Suffolk (Fox) ; Melchbourne (Crawshay) ; Peterborough 
(Cruttwell). In the Ent. Record for 1899 Mr. Bouskell describes several 
variable forms of this beetle. 

Salpingus castaneus, Panz. Ireland, widely distributed. 

Salpingns arafns, Muls. Freshfield, Southport List (Chaster and Sopp) ; 
Cumberland (Britten) ; Ireland, Antrim. 



298 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Salpingus ater, Payk. Blackgang, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Delamere Forest 
(W. E. Sharp) ; Scotland, Peebles district (Black) ; Ireland, Dublin. 

Salpingus mntilatus. Beck. Mickleham and Wytham Park (Walker). 

Salpingus foveolatus, Ljungh. Cobham Park (Walker) ; Wheatley, Yorks 
(Corbett) ; Cumberland (Britten) ; Scotland, Edinburgh (Beare). 

Lissodema quadripustulata, Marsh. Penge, and in holly-tree. New Forest 
(Donisthorpe) ; Ditchling (Dollman) ; Ventnor, I. of W. (Beare) ; Oxford 
district (Walker) ; Humberstone, Lines (Wallace) ; Ireland, Killarney 
(Halbert). 

Lissodema cursor, Gyll. Hunstanton (Fowler). 

BJdnosimns ruficollis, L. Scotland, Forth district (Beare). 
Bhinosimus viridipennis, Steph. Scotland, Hawthornden and Berwickshire 
(Beare) ; Ireland, common. 

(Edemera nobilis, Scop. Norfolk ; Newton Cliff, Lines (Thornley). 
(Edemera lurida, Marsh. Suffolk ; Norfolk ; Cumberland ; Ireland, Kerry. 

Oncomera femorata, F. Bungay (Garneys) ; Starston, Norfolk (Paul) ; 
Silverdale, near Lancaster, at sugar, 1870 (Ruspini) ; Colwyn, N. Wales 
(R. Newstead) ; Porthkerry, S. Wales (Tomlin) ; Yealmpton, Devon 
(Keys) ; Dartmouth (Donisthorpe). 

Nacerdes melanura, Schmidt. Penge (Donisthorpe) ; Oxford (Walker) ; 
Ipswich, &c., Suffolk (Morley) ; Mousehold Heath, Norfolk (Edwards) ; 
Edlington Woods, Yorks (Young) ; Ireland, Donegal. 

Ischnomera sanguinicollis, F. Burnham Beeches (T. W. Allen) ; West 
Clandon, near Guildford (Saunders). 

Pyrochroa coccinea, L. Llandaff, S. Wales (Tomlin). 
Pyrochroa serraticornis, Scop. Ireland, Limerick (Furlong). 
Pyrochroa pectinicornis, L. Taken by Dr. Chapman, June 1, 1894, in an old 
birch stump in the Herefordshire portion of the Black Mountains. 

Scraptia fiiscida, Miill. Richmond Park (Dollman) ; Enfield and Epping 
Forest (Pool) ; Windsor Forest (Blandford and Chitty) ; New Forest 
(Gorham) ; Great Salkeld (Britten). 

The sexual characters of the Ilordellince will be found in the E. M. M. for 
1898, p. 128 (Champion). 

MordeUa fasciata, F. Chiddingfold (Donisthorpe) ; Oxford district (Walker) ; 
Newbury (Harwood) ; Bentley Woods, Suffolk (Morley) ; Ryde, I. of W., 
1836 (Sir John Lighton and Rev. G. J. Rudd). 

MordeUa aculeafa, L. Cobham Park and Bleane Woods (Walker) ; Hunting- 
field (Chitty) ; Mr. Gorham tells us the Westerham record refers to the 
preceding species ; Llandaff, S. Wales (Tomlin). 

Mordellistena abdominalis, F. Enfield (Pool) ; Battle (Donisthorpe) ; 
Huntingfield (Chitty) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; Coddenham, Suffolk (Fox) ; 
Oxford district (Walker). 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 299 

Mordellistena humeralis, L. Mickleham and New Forest, common (Donis- 

thorpe) ; Ipswich (Morley). 
Mordellisiena neivaldeggiana, Panz {hrunnea, F.). Coulsdon (Bedwell) ; 

Ledsham, Cheshire (W. E. Sharp) ; Oxford district (Walker) ; Ditchling 

(Dollman). 
Mordellistena ptimilla. South Cove, E. Yorks (Stainforth) ; Doncaster 

district (Corbett). 
Mordellistena hrevicauda. Boh. Sevenoaks (Donisthorpe) ; Headington Wick 

(Walker). 
Mordellistena parvula, v. inceqnalis, Muls. Isle of Wight, Sandown (Champion), 

Chale and Xiton (Donisthorpe) ; Hellesdon, Norfolk (Edwards) ; Ditchling 

(Dollman) ; Bovey Tracey, Devon (de la Garde). 

Anaspis garneysi. Fowler. Enfield (Pool) ; Penge and Ashstead (Donis- 
thorpe) ; Hmitingfield (Chitty) ; Bagley Wood (Holland) ; Buckfastleigh, 
Devonshire (de la Garde) ; Savernake, Wiltshire (W. E. Sharp) ; Blaken- 
ham Pits, Suffolk (Morley) ; Saltburn Wood, Yorks (Thompson) ; Cumber- 
land (Day). 

Anaspis rufilahris, Gyll. Ireland, Donegal, Antrim, and Armagh. 

Anaspis melanostoma, Costa. Epping Forest (Donisthorpe) ; Cumberland, 
not rare (Day). 

Anaspis geoffroyi, Miill. Ireland, Kenmare, co. Kerry (Hardy). The four- 
spotted form = A. subfa'sciata, Steph. 

Anaspis costce, Emery. Autumn species : Chiddingfold (Donisthorpe) ; 
Bentley Woods (Morley) ; Oxford district (Walker). This is the A. flava, 
V. thoracica of British collections. 

Anaspis subtestacea, Steph. Grimsby (Wallace) ; Ireland, Antrim (Johnson). 

Metoecus paradoxus, L. Chiddingfold, common in nests of Vespa vulgaris 
(Donisthorpe) ; New Forest, in wasps' nests (Morley) ; Leighton Buzzard, 
twenty-four in one nest, and Melchbourne (Crawshay) ; Suffolk, Foxhall 
(Morley) ; Bury, twenty-four in one nest, and one in a nest in a roof 30 feet 
from ground (Tuck) ; Cossey, Norfolk (Wigham) ; Woodhay, Hants, one 
evening sweeping, and common in nests (Donisthorpe) ; Bradfield, Berks 
(Joy) ; AKord, Lines (J. E. Mason) ; Derwent Valley, Durham, sweeping 
(Bagnall). Mr. Donisthorpe has written a paper on all that is known of 
the life-history of this beetle (see Trans. Leicester Literary and Philosophical 
Soc, December 1898). 

Notoxus monoceros, L. Spurn, Yorks (Stainforth). 

Anthicus Tiumilis, Germ. Trimley Marshes, Suffolk (Morley) ; Parkgate, 

Cheshire (W. E. Sharp) ; Ireland, Wexford. 
Anthicus angustatus, Curt. Bigbury Bay, Devon, in profusion (Keys). 
Anthicus scoticus, Rye. Allonby, Cumberland (Routledge) ; Isle of Man 

(Bailey) ; Ireland, Antrim and Louth. 
Anthicus tristis, v. schaumi, WoU. Bembridge, I. of W. (Donisthorpe). 
Anthicus bimacidatus, 111. Deal (Chitty) ; Pyle, S. Wales (Tomlin) ; Birkdale 



300 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

and Sonthport sandhills, not rare (Chaster and Sopp). The insect is 
nocturnal in habits. 

Xylophilus populneus, F. Enfield (Donisthorpe) ; Cheshunt (Jennings) ; 
Bury district, Suffolk (Tuck) ; Back River, Norfolk (Edwards) ; Summer- 
town, Oxford (Walker) ; Wicken Fen (Dollman). 

Xylophilus brevicornis, Perris. Heathfield, Sussex (Beevor). The Wands- 
worth record refers to X. popvlneus, F. 

Xylophilus oculatus, Gyll. Newport, I. of W. (Butler) ; Cobham Park 
(Walker) ; New Forest (Beare and Donisthorpe) ; Dunston Common, 
Norfolk (Edwards). 

Meloe proscarabeus, v. cyaneus, Muls. Alverstone, I. of W. (Ellis) ; Cumber- 
land (Britten) ; Ireland, Donegal. Mr. Chitty recorded larvae of Meloe on 
specimens of Odynenis, and also two forms of larvse, a yellow and a black, 
at Doddington, Kent. Seven or eight Meloe larvfe were recorded on a 
sjjecimen of Cetonia aurata by " Jonicus." 

Meloe violacens. Marsh. Richmond, common (Beare and Donisthorpe) ; 
Boar's Hill, Oxford (Holland) ; Suffolk, Eye district (Tyrer) ; Bentley 
Woods (Morley) ; Norfolk, Reepham (Thouless) ; Louth district, Lines 
(Wallace-Kew) ; Blanchland Moors, Durham (Bagnall) ; Ireland, rare, Car- 
low and Kerry ; Scotland, Loch Garimha (W. Evans). Mr. Donisthoriae 
found that this species was distasteful to all the insectivora he offered it 
to at the Zoological Gardens (Ent. Rec, 1904, p. L50). 

Meloe rugosus. Marsh. Streatley (Joy). 

Meloe brevirollis, Panz. Sandown, I. of W. (Goldthwait) ; Miller's Dale 
( Kidson-Taylor ) . 

Sitaris ynuralis, Forst. Chobham (Robertson) ; not uncommon on old 
walls near Oxford (Hamm) ; in nest of Bombus terrestris near Gloucester 
(Gates). 

Lytia vesicatoria, L. Wareham, Dorset (Boreham), Wimborne (Dr. Knott), 
Bloxworth and Morden Park (0. Pickard Cambridge) ; Dover (Stockwell) ; 
Shirley Warren, Southampton (Gorham) ; Isle - of Wight, Sandown 
(J. Taylor), Wliitwell (Bryant) ; retaken in the old locality near the Gog 
Magog Hills, Cambridgeshire, 1901 (Donisthorpe) ; Newmarket, in abun- 
dance (Collin and others). The old records mention that in the summer 
of 1836 it occurred in the utmost profusion at Colchester and other parts 
of Essex, Ipswich and other jmrts of Suffolk, and in the Isle of Wight ; 
also taken in vast numbers by Dr. Hairley near Southampton in 1838. 
Ireland, a single specimen taken by Hon. R. E. Dillon on mountain ash 
in 1897 at Cloonca Wood, Roscommon. Lichenstein worked at the life- 
history of this beetle {see E. M. M. xii. p. 187, xiv. p. 118, xv. p. 116, and 
xvi. pp. 34 and 70). 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 301 

RHYNCHOPHORA 
ANTHRIBID^ 

Brachytarsus fasciatus, Forst. Edmonton (Pool) ; Huntingfield (Chitty) ; 

Haven Street Woods, I. of W. (Morey). 
Brachytarsus varius, F. Oxford district (Walker) ; Pamber Forest (Donis- 

thorpe) ; Delamere Forest (W. E. Sharp) ; Sherwood (Kidson-Taylor). 

Macrocephalus albinus, L. Oxted, under bark of fence (Donisthorpe) ; Chat- 
tenden (Cripps) ; Huntingfield, not rare in old hedges (Chitty). 

Platyrhinus latirostris, F. Porlock (T. Wood). 

Tropideres niveirostris, F. Huntingfield, in some numbers in old hedges (Chitty )i 
Tropideres sepicola, F. New Forest (West, 1905) ; a live specimen was sent 

to Mr. F. Bates by C. Guliver from the New Forest in 1899 ; Harewood 

Forest, Hants (Tomlin). 
Choragiis sheppardi, Kirby. Mickleham (Rye) ; Winchelsea (Donisthorpe) ; 

Ditchling (Dollman) ; Tubney (Collins) ; Ireland, Dublin. 

RHINOMACERID^ 

Rhinomacer attelahoides, F. Woking (Champion) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; 
Ipswich (Morley) ; Sherwood Forest (Kidson-Taylor) ; Delamere Forest 
(R. Newstead) ; Tubney, near Oxford (Walker). 

CURCULIONID/E 

Apoderus coryli, L. Chiddingfold, and Ryde, I. of W. (Donisthorj)e) ; Bord- 
wood Copse, I. of W. (Taylor) ; Bagley Wood (Holland) ; Suffolk ; Norfolk ; 
Leighton Buzzard (Crawshay) ; South Brent, Devonshire (de la Garde). 

Attelabus curculionoides, L. Attacks chestnut and hornbeam as well as oak 
(Bloomfield and Sharp). I have seen it rolling the leaves of Spanish 
chestnut. 

Byctiscus betulefi, F. Isle of Wight, Ryde (Guyon), Bordwood Copse 
(Poole) ; Chiddingfold (Donisthorpe) ; Bagley Wood (Holland) ; Bentley 
Woods, Suffolk (Morley) ; Foxley Wood, Norfolk (Edwards). 

Byctiscus populi, L. Sidcup, in numbers, some specimens with the upper 
side blue (O. E. Janson) ; Bexley (Donisthorpe) ; Suffolk, Coddenham, 
in numbers (Fox), Bentley Woods and Barham (Morley) ; Norfolk. Foxley 
Wood (Edwards). 

Rhynchites cupreus, L. Bentley Woods, Suffolk (Elliot. Baylis, &c.) ; Tiver- 
ton, Devon (de la Garde). 

Rhynchites cequatus, L. Brandon and Bradley, Lincolnshire (Miss Stow and 
Dr. Wallace) ; Winlaton Mill, Durham (Bagnall). 

Rhynchites ceneovirens, Marsh. Ireland, rare, Louth and Dublin (these 
specimens cannot be traced), Rossbeigh, co. Kerry (Donisthorpe). 



302 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Rhynchites minutus, Herbst. Ireland, widely distributed. 

Ehynchites inter pundat us, Steph. Bradfield (Joy) ; Oxford district (Walker) ; 
Buddon Wood, Leicestershire, on young hawthorn, in some numbers 
(Bouskell) ; Knowle (Ellis) ; Suffolk (Morley) ; Sherwood Forest (Donis- 
thorpe) ; Ireland, Dublin. 

Rhynchites pauzillus, Germ. Felixstowe (Morley). 

Rhynchites nanus, Payk. Is not recorded in the Irish List. Scotland, Berwick- 
shire and Raehills (Murray) ; Paisley (Eden) ; Bishopton (Dalglish). 

Rhynchites uncinatus, Thorns. Oxford district (Walker) ; Sudbury (IMorley) ; 
Birkdale, on Salix repens (Chaster and Sopp). 

Rhynchites ophthalmicus, Steph. Ipswich (Baylis). 

Rhynchites pubescens, F. Buddon Wood and Market Bosworth (Bates and 

• Bouskell). 

Apion pomonce, F. Taken in copula with Polydrusus undatus near Lewes 

(Jenner). 
Apion craccce, L. Ireland, rare, Westmeath, Wicklow, and Kerry. Not 

recorded from Dublin in the Irish List. 
Apion cerdo. Thorns. Cumberland ; Ireland, widely distributed. 
Apion subulatum, Kirby. Cumberland ; Ireland, widely distributed. 
Apion genistce, Kirby. Ditchling (Dollman) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; Winla- 

ton Mill, Durham (Bagnall). 
Apion fuscirostre, F. Woking (Champion) ; Wellington College (Tomlin) ; 

Bexley (Donisthorpe) ; abundant on Cytiscus near Brandon (Morley). 
Apion malvce, F. Suffolk, Dodnash Wood and Stoke-by-Nayland (Morley). 
Apion urticarium, Herbst. Alfriston, Sussex (Dollman) ; Suffolk and 

Norfolk, common ; Newbury (Harwood) ; Gumley (Matthews). 
Apion miniatum, Germ. Ireland, common in the south-east. 
Apion cruentatum, Walton. Oxford (Walker) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; 

Chesham (EUiman) ; Parley Heath and Welshpool (Donisthorpe) ; Brandon 

and Ipswich (Morley) ; Aylestone, Leicester (F. Bates) ; Lundy Island 

(Joy) ; Ireland, rather widely distributed. 
Apion rubens, Steph. Tubney, near Oxford (Walker) ; Sandown, I. of W. 

(Donisthorpe) ; Suffolk ; Norfolk ; Cadney, Lines (Thornley) ; Ireland, 

Dublin and Cork. 
Apion sanguineum, De G. Tubney, near Oxford, not rare (Walker) ; 

Brandon (Jennings) ; N. Cornwall (Butler) ; Braunton, Devon (de la 

Garde). 
Apion pallipes, Kirby. Ditchling (Dollman) ; Berkshire ; Cumberland ; 

Ireland, Down. The Rev. T. Wood records a specimen from Birchington 

with a tooth on the right posterior femur. 
Apion semivittatum, Gyll. Deal, in profusion on Mercurialis annua (Donis- 
thorpe) ; St. Margaret's Bay, ditto (Beare). 
Apion rufirostre, F. Ireland, Wexford (Halbert). 
Apion vicice, Payk. Ireland, common. 
Apion difforme, Germ. Ditchling (Dollman) ; Oxford district and Isle of 

Sheppey (Walker) ; Culver, I. of W. (Beare) ; Ipswich (Morley). 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 303 

Apion dissimile, Germ. Culver, I. of W. (Beare) ; Suffolk (Morley) ; Tubney 
(Holland) ; usually a coast species. 

Apion varipes. Germ. Ditchling (Dollman), off Vicia cracca ; Tubney 
(Walker) ; Iwade and Lymington (Donisthorpe) ; Suffolk ; Norfolk ; some- 
times on Mercurialis perennis (Morley). 

Apion IcBvicolle, K-irhy. N. Cornwall (Butler). 

Apion schonherri. Boh. Ditchling (Dollman) ; near Oxford, abundant 
(Walker) ; Bovisand (Keys). 

Apion bohemani, Thoms. Lundy Island (Joy) ; Yarmouth (Edwards) ; 
Kibworth, Leicestershire (Miss M. E. Whitton) ; Scotland, Dalskairth 
(Lennon) ; Ireland, common near Belfast. The joints of the antennae in 
this species possess spine-like hairs. 

Apion trifolii, L. Ireland, Queenstown, co. Cork (Walker). 

Apion confluens, Kirby. Whitsand Bay (Keys) ; Gumley (Matthews) ; 
Southport (Chaster and Sopp) ; Silloth, Cumberland (Day). The Irish 
record is to be deleted. 

Apion stolidum, Germ. Ditchling (Dollman) ; Marston, near Oxford (Walker) ; 
Beccles (Piffard) ; Ireland, Meath (Halbert). 

Apion sorbi, F. Freshwater, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Leicester district, 
beating hedges (H. W. Bates) ; Abbeydore, Herefordshire (Tomlin). 

Apion ceneum, F. Ireland, Down, Dublin, and Wexford. 

Apion radiolus, Kirby. Ireland, Armagh, Louth, Meath, Dublin, and Wex- 
ford. 

Apion onopordi, Kirby. Ireland, Dublin. 

Apion IcBvigatum, Kirby. Tubney, near Oxford (Donisthorpe, Holland, and 
Walker) ; Braunton, Devonshire (de la Garde) ; Lowestoft (Bedwell). 

Apion annulipes, Wenck. Huntingfield (Chitty) ; Chesham and Tring 
(Elliman) ; Shotover (Beare). 

Apion vicinum, Kirby. Newbury (Harwood) ; Oxford district (Walker). 

Apion afomarium, Kirby. Huntingfield (Chitty) ; Ditchhng (Dollman) ; 
Newbury (Harwood) ; Tring (Elliman) ; Stanton St. John (Holland). 

Apion astragali, Payk. Oxford district, abundant (Holland). 

Apion punctigerum, Payk. Ditchling (Dollman). 

Apion ebeninum, Kirby. Huntingfield (Chitty) ; Ditchling (Dollman) ; 
Hastings district (Bennett) ; Oxford district (Walker) ; Newbury (Har- 
wood) ; Bucks (W. E. Sharp). 

Apion filirostre, Kirby. On Melilotus officinalis (Morley) ; Ventnor, I. of W., 
sweeping lucerne (Donisthorpe); Christow, Devonshire (de la Garde) ; Oxford 
district (Walker) ; Bucks (W. E. Sharp) ; Bradfield (Joy) ; Ditchling, Sussex, 
common (Dollman). Its food plant appears to be Medicago lupulinus. 

Apion immune, Kirby. Lundy Island (Joy and Tomlin) ; Berks ; Norfolk ; 
Suffolk ; Cumberland ; Ireland, Armagh and Wexford. 

Apion ononis, Kirby. Not recorded from Ireland. 

Apion spencei, Kirby. S. Wales (Chitty) ; Ditchhng (Dollman) ; Woodhay, 
Hants (Donisthorpe) ; Yarnton, Oxford (Walker) ; Norfolk, common. 

Apion gyllenhali, Kirby. Ditchling, Sussex (Dollman) ; Yelverton (Keys) ; 
near Liverpool (Tomlin) ; one of the commonest species in Ireland. 



304 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Apion unicolor, Kirby. Chale, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Oxford district 
(Walker). 

Apion meliloti, Kirby. Chatham and Oxford (Walker) ; Southall and Graves- 
end (Donisthorpe) ; Ditchling (DoUman) ; Barton-on- Humber, Lines 
(Wallace). 

Apion scutellare, Kirby. Backways Cove, N. Cornwall (Butler) ; Lundy 
Island (Wollaston) ; Ditchling (Dollman) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; Norfolk ; 
Ireland, Mayo, Wicklow, Wexford, Cork, and Kerry. 

Apion livescerum, Gyll. Huntingfield (Chitty) ; Chesham (Elhman) ; New- 
bury (Harwood) ; Oxford district (Walker). 

Apion waltoni, Steph. Huntingfield (Chitty) ; Tring (EUiman). 

Apion seniculum, Kirby. On Amphylis vulneraria (Donisthorpe) ; Ireland, 
Louth, Dublin, Kilkenny, Wexford, and Waterford. The record Armagh 
is to be deleted. 

Apion tenue, Kirby. Formerly near Southport (Chaster and Sopp) ; Cumber- 
land (Britten). The Irish record is to be deleted. 

Apion simile, Kirby. Wimbledon Common (Dollman) ; Ken Wood, Oxford 
(Holland) ; Chippenham Fen (Gorham) ; Suffolk (Morley) ; Scotland, 
Orchardton (Douglas). 

Apion pubescens, Kirby. Ventnor, I. of W. (Beare) ; Tubney (Walker) ; 
Southjjort (Chaster and Sopp). 

Apion curtisi, Walt. Guniley (Matthews). 

Apion limonii, Kirby. Yarmouth, I. of W. (Donisthorpe). 

Apion sedi. Germ. Beccles (Cruttwell) ; N. Cornwall (Butler). 

Apion marchicum, Herbst. N. Cornwall (Butler) ; Lundy Island (Wollaston) ; 
DitcliKng (Dollman) ; Oxford district (Walker) ; Ipswich and Brandon, 
Suffolk (Morley) ; Waxham, Norfolk (Champion) ; Ireland, widely dis- 
tributed. 

Apion affine, Kirby. Boar's Hill, Oxford (Walker) ; Lea Valley (Jennings) ; 
Ditchling Beacon (Dollman). 

Apion hydrolaphthi, Kirby. Silloth, Cumberland (Day) ; Gibside, &c., 
Durham (Bagnall). 

Otiorhynchus morio, v. ebeninus, Schon. Sutherland (Kidson-Taylor). 

Otiorhynchus atroapterus, De G. Bury district, Suffolk (Tuck), a very remark- 
able record for this coast species. Ireland, common all round the coast. 

Otiorhynchus hlandus, Gyll. Isle of Man (Bailey) ; Ireland, locally common 
on the north-west and south coasts. 

Otiorhynchus maurus, Gyll. Isle of Man (Tomlin) ; Ireland, Derry, Down, 
and Mayo. 

Otiorhynchus sulcatus, F. Is recorded as destructive to ferns, saxifrage, 
cyclamens, Draccenoe, and peach leaves (Butler, Fowler, and Wood). 

Otiorhynchus ligustici, L. Bradgate Park, Leicestershire (H. W. Bates) ; 
Hartlepool (Gardner). 

Otiorhynchus rugifrons, Gyll. Miller's Dale, Derbyshire (Kidson-Taylor) ; 
Ireland, common. 

Otiorhynchus ovatus, L. Bradgate Park, Leicestershire (F. Bates), 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. ^05 

OtiorTiynclius muscorum, Bris. Lundy Island (Joy and Tomlin) ; Hellesdon, 
Norfolk (Edwards) ; Cumberland ; Ireland, Donegal, Antrim, Down, 
Dublin, Wicklow, and Wexford. 

Peritelus griseus, 01. One specimen taken on Purley Downs in 1888 (Donis- 
tliorpe). 

Trachyphlceus mijrmecophilus, Seidl. Rame's Head, Cornwall (Keys) ; Scilly 

(Joy). 
Trachyphloeus aristatus, Gyll. Tubney (Walker) ; Gimingham, Norfolk (Butler) ; 

Doncaster, Yorks (Corbett) ; Cumberland, widely distributed (Britten). 
Trachijphlceus squamulalus, 01. Bradgate Park (F. Bates). 
Trachyphlceits scaber, L. Ireland, Dublin and Cork. 
Tracliy pillar us scabriculus, L. Ireland, Louth. 
Trachyphloeus laticollis. Boh. Porlock (Blatch) ; Lundy Island (Tomlin 

and Joy). 
Trachyphloeus spinimanus. Germ. Suffolk (Morley). 
Trachyphloeus alternans, Gyll. Oxford district ; Newbury (Harwood) ; 

Gumley (Matthews) ; Scotland, Kelton, Dumfries (Lennon). 
Cathormiocerus maritimus. Rye. Bossiney, N. Cornwall (E. A. Butler) ; 

St. Merryn (Lamb). Rediscovered at Portsmouth in 1909 (Pool) ; 

MiKord-on-Sea (Walker). 

Cathormiocerus socius. Boh. Isle of Wight, Ventnor (Beare), Whitecliff 
Bay (Donisthorpe). More abundant in October. 

Ccenopsis fissirostris, Walt. Newchurch, I. of W. (Guyon) ; Newbery (Bed- 
well) ; Bradgate Park, Leicestershire (H. W. Bates) ; Mousehold Heath, 
Norfolk (Edwards) ; Ireland, Kenmare, co. Kerry (Halbert). 

Ccenopsis waltoni, Schon. Sandown, I. of W^. (Champion) ; Scilly and Lundy 
Island (Jo}^) ; Bentley and Herringfleet, Suffolk (Morley) ; Mousehold 
Heath, Norfolk (Edwards) ; Scotland, Kelton, Dumfries (Lennon) ; Ireland, 
Armagh, Wicldow, Waterford, Cork, and Kerry. 

Strophosomus capitatus, De G. Ireland, Wexford and Waterford. 

Strophosomus fulvicornis, Walton. New Forest (Dr. Sharp). 

Strophosomus retusus. Marsh. Bradgate Park and Kibworth (Bates and Miss 

M. E. Whitton) ; Ireland, Down, Louth, Wexford, Cork, and Kerry. 
Strophosomus faber, Herbst. Blackgang and Chale, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; 

Suffolk (Morley) ; Mousehold Heath, Norfolk (Edwards) ; Cumberland. 
Strophosomus lateralis, Payk. Not recorded from Ireland. 

Exomias araneiformis, Schrank. Scotland, Edinburgh (Beare), Peebles 
(Black), Paisley (Young), Ayr, Clyde, Barr (Fergusson), Dumcarrow 
Craig (Johnston) ; Ireland, common. 

Exomias jiellucidus, Boh. Sydenham (Donisthorj)e) ; Bush Hill Park (Jen- 
nings). 

Omias mollinus. Boh. Tewkesbury (Beare and Donisthorpe). 

Brachysomus echinatus, Bonsd. Ireland, widely distributed. 



30G ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Brachysomus hirtus, Boh. Westerham, Kent (W. E. Sharp) ; Chesham 
(EUiman) ; Gumley (Matthews). 

Tropiphorus carinatus, Miill. Gumley (Matthews). 

Tropiphorus tomenfosus, Marsh. Suffolk, Stoke-by-Nayland (Elliot) ; Ireland, 
Antrim and Meath. 

Tropiphorus obhisus, Bonsd. Derbyshire (Kidson-Taylor) ; Cumberland 
(Britten) ; Scotland, Rannoch (Beare and Donisthorpe) ; Ireland, Derry, 
Armagh, Carlow, and Kilkenny, White Park Bay, co. Antrim (Tomlin). 

Barypeifhes sulcifrons, Boh. Sparham district, Norfolk (Norgate) ; Ireland, 
rather common. 

Metallites marginatus, Steph. Rotherfield, in numbers (Fowler) ; Gumley 
(Matthews). 

Polydrusus inicans, F. Wood Eaton (Collins) ; Purley Downs (Donisthorpe) ; 

Suffolk ; Norfolk ; Miller's Dale, Derbyshire (Kidson-Taylor) ; Ireland, 

Derry, Antrim, Down, Dublin, Carlow, and Wexford. 
Polydrusus sericeus, Schall. Harewood Forest (Joy). All the specimens in 

the collection of the late Mr. F. Bates are labelled " Lymington Salterns." 
Polydrusus tereticollis, De G. Ireland, common. 
Polydrusus flavipes, De G. Burnham Beeches (Bedwell) ; Whitefield Woods 

and St. Helens, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Tilgate Forest (Dollman) ; Bagley 

Wood (Walker) ; Wood Eaton (Collins) ; Belton, Suffolk (Paget) ; Norfolk, 

rare (Edwards). The Irish record refers to P. pterygomalis. 
Polydrusus planifrons, Gyil. The Liverpool record by Dr. Ellis was in error. 
Polydrusus chrysomela, 01. Isle of Sheppey (Walker) ; Lundy Island (WoUas- 

ton) ; Norfolk, Wells and Brancaster (Edwards) ; Humberston, Lines 

(Wallace) ; Cumberland (Day) ; Ireland, Dublin (Halbert). 
Polydrusus confluens, Steph. Sandown, I. of W. (Butler) ; Mitcham Common 

(W. E. Sharp) ; South Brent, Devonshire (de la Garde) ; Whitsand Bay, 

Cornwall (Donisthorpe). 

Phyllobius calcaratus, F. Chiefly on hazels. Taken in copula with P. alneti 
in the Gelt Woods, Cumberland (Donisthorpe). Dr. Cameron records 
taking P. pyri, L., in cop. with P. pomonce, 01., at Clacton. 

Phyllobius maculicornis, Germ. Not recorded from Ireland. 

Phyllobius pomonce, v. cinereipennis, Gyll. Tubney (Walker) • Blackgang, 
I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; DaAvlish, Devonshire (de la Garde) ; Suffolk, 
Welberswick (Morley), Oulton Broad (Bedwell). 

Phyllobius viridicollis, F. Streatley, Berks (Joy) ; Brandon (Edwards). 

Tanymecus palliatus, F. Chiddingfold and Pamber Forest (Donisthorpe) ; 
Wherstead, Suffolk (Morley), on Petasites officinalis ; Oxford district, on 
Centaurea scabiosa (Walker). 

Philopedon geminatus, F. Ireland, common, A large white form occurs on 
the coasts of Donegal and Antrim. Inland records : Wellington College 
(Joy) : Sherwood Forest (Bedwell). 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 307 

Atactogenus exaratus. Marsh. Shotover (Holland) ; Suffolk, rare ; Norfolk, 
Mousehold Heath (Edwards) ; Brigg district, Lines (Thornley) ; Ireland, 
Wicklow. The Armagh record refers to the above species. 

Barynotus obscurus, F. Occurs on thistles. 

Barynotus schonherri, Zett. Tavy Valley, Dev-;nshire (Keys) ; Ireland, 
frequent and widely distributed. 

Barynotus elevatus, Marsh. Chiddingfold and Farnham, sweeping Mercurialis 
perennis (Donisthorpe) ; Oxford district (Walker) ; Cumberland, sweeping 
Mercurialis (Routledge) ; recorded as destructive to lilies-of-the-vallej^ 
(Bird) ; Ireland, not common ; Balrath, co. Meath (Donisthorpe). 

Sitones griseus, F. Tubney, near Oxford (Holland) ; Ireland, widely dis- 
tributed. 

Sitones camhricus, Steph. Chattenden and Bagley Wood (Walker) ; Lundy 
Island (Joy and Tomlin). 

Sitones camhricus, v. cinerascens, Fahr. Ireland, widely distributed. 

Sitones ivaterhousei, Walt. Gumley (Matthews) ; Ireland, Wexford. 

Sitones crinitus, Herbst. The Irish records require confirmation. 

Sitones lineellus, Gyll. Solway sandhills, Cumberland, at roots of Lotus 
corniculatus (Day) ; Ireland, locally common ; sweeping Lathyrus pratensis 
near Dublin (Donisthorpe) ; Lundy Island (Joy and Tomhn). 

Sitones humeralis, Steph. Crossens, Southport List (Chaster and Sopp) ; 
Cumberland (Daj^). 

Sitoties meliloti, Walt. Southall (W. E. Sharp) ; Yarmouth, I. of W. (Donis- 
thorpe) ; Cumnor, Oxford (Walker) ; Gumley (Matthews) ; Southport 
district (Chaster and Sopp) ; Ditchling (Dollman). 

Sitones suturalis, Steph. Southi^ort ; Cumberland ; Ireland, Donegal, Armagh 
Wexford, and Cork. 

Sitones ononidis. Sharp. Ditchling, not uncommon, but very local, on Ononis 
(Dollman) ; Malvern (Tomlin) ; Suffolk, Stoke-by-Nayland (Cottam) 
Ireland, Donegal, Derry, Westmeath, W^exford, and Waterford. 

Gronopslunatus, L. Tubney, near Oxford (Walker) ; Bagley Wood (Holland) 
Southport (Chaster and Sopp). 

Limohius dissimilis, Herbst. Streatley, Berks (Joy) ; Wantage (Harwood) 

Prestatyn, Fhntshire (W. E. Sharp) ; Christow, Devon (dc la Garde). Also 

occurs on Geranium robertianum. 
Limohius mixtus. Boh. Donisthorpe records specimens with white scales 

taken on and among white pebbles on the Chesil Beach, whereas specimens 

taken on sand at Deal have j^ellow scales. 

Hypera fasicidata, Herbst. Felixstowe (Morley) ; Rhyl sandhills, N. Wales 

(W. E. Sharp) ; Ireland, Donegal. 
Hypera rumicis, L. Ireland, common. 
Hypera pollux, F. Suffolk, Backways Cove, N. Cornwall (Butler) ; Scotland, 

Orchardton (Douglas) ; Ireland, Galway. The record Armagh refers to 

H. rumicis. 



308 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Hypera alfernans, Stepli. Sandown, I. of W. (Beare) ; Marston Ferry 
(Walker) ; Suffolk ; Great Cotes, &c., Lines (Thornley) ; Scotland, 
Orcliardton (Douglas). Taken in copula with H. pollux at Rye, near 
Hastings (Bennett), and in the Lee valley (Jennings). 

Hypera trigrina, Boh. Deal (Syme) ; St. Margaret's Bay (Beare and Donis- 
thorpe). 

Hypera elongata, Payk. A specimen was taken by Professor T. Hudson 
Beare under a stone near Edinburgh in July 1899. 

Hypera suspiciosa, Herbst. Cheshunt (Jennings) ; Oxford (Walker) ; Oultou 
Broad (Bedwell) ; Hellesdon, Norfolk (Edwards) ; Southport and Birkdale, 
specimens of an elongate and narrow form (Chaster and Sopp) ; not recorded 
from Ireland. 

Hypera variabilis, Herbst. Ireland, common. 

Hypera murina, F. Blackgang, I. of W. (Donisthorj)e) ; Hastings district 
(Bennett) ; Bungay (Garneys) ; Ditchling (Dollman). 

Hypera meles, F. Yarmouth and Foxley Wood, Norfolk (Edwards). 

Hypera trilineata, Marsh. Ireland, frequent. 

Cleonns sulcirostris, L. Oxford district, where a form occurs at Boar's Hill 
which is coloured like the sand there ; Braunton, Devon (Champion) ; 
Ireland, co. Down. 

Cleonus nebulosus, L. Woking and Chobham, not uncommon in sand-pits. 
Mr. Fleet found it in the crop of a stone curlew. 

Lixus paraplecticus, L. Wicken Fen, abundant in 1897 and 1898, &c. (Bous- 
kell and Donisthorpe) ; rediscovered by Mr. Bouskell some few years before. 
The insect passes its early stages in the stems of the water parsnip, Siuni 
latifolium. Bungay (Garneys) ; Christchurch (Beck). 

Lixus alginis, L. Rediscovered in the Fairlight district by Mr. Bennett, 
of Hastings, in 1892. He records finding the larvae, i^upae, and perfect 
insects at the same time, and that the pupse are armed with hooks and 
work their way up and doy\n\ the inside of the thistle stems in Avhich they 
occur, being very active. He has also found as many as three pupse in 
one thistle stem. 

Larinus carlinoi, 01. Rye, Sussex, in profusion, 1902, and Llanbedi", N. 
Wales, 1906 (Donisthorpe) ; Weymouth (Forsyth). 

Lepyrus binotafus, Payk. Wellington College (Bucknill). 

Liosoma ohlongulum, Boh. Chiddingfokl (Donisthorpe) ; Ditchling (Doll- 
man) ; Christow, Devon (de la Garde) ; Cusop Dingle, Herefordshire 
(Tomlin) ; Crowborough, Sussex (W. E. Sharp) ; Wytham Park (Walker) ; 
Ireland, widely distributed. 

Liosoma troglodytes, Rye. Ireland, Clonbrock, co. Galway, one specimen 
(Hon. R. E. Dillon). According to Mons. Bedel, this species is a var. of 
L. pyrenceum, Bris. 

Liparus coronatus, Goeze. Charing and Huntingfield (Chitty) ; Sandwich 
(E. A. Waterhouse) ; Lymington (Donisthorpe) ; Suffolk (Morley). 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. S09 

Liparus germamis, L. Addington Park, Kent, by sweeping Umhdliferce 
(Donisthorpe) ; Wrotham (Bedwell). 

Pissodes notatus, F. Scilly (Joy) ; Barton-on-Sea (Selous) ; New Forest 
(Tait) ; Woking (Champion) ; Wellington, Berks (Bucknill) ; Ferndale, 
Dorset (Sopp) ; Parley Heath (Donisthorpe) ; Yaxham, Norfolk (Wollaston). 

TracJtodes hispidiis, L. Cobham Park (Bennett) ; Rainham (Walker) ; 
Doddington (Chitty) ; rediscovered in Buddon Wood in plenty in 1904 
by Mr. H. Holyoak, who first found it there forty years ago. The Rev. 
G. Crawshay has bred it in confinement from oak twigs taken at Leeds, 
near Maidstone. 

Orchestes scidellaris, Gyll. Sandown, I. of W. ; Ireland, Antrim and Derr3\ 

Orchestes scutellaris, v. semirufus, Gyll. Leighton Buzzard, unaccompanied 
by the type (Crawshay) ; Oxford (Hope, 1820). 

Orchestes alni, L. Ireland, Galway and Clare. 

Orchestes ilicis, F. Bradley and Moortown, Lines (Wallace) ; Eden Valley, 
Cumberland (Day) ; Ireland, Roscommon, Galway, Dublin, Clare, Water- 
ford, and Cork. 

Orchestes ilicis. v. nigripes, Fowler. Leighton Buzzard (Crawshay) ; Bentley 
Woods (Morlej-) ; Eden Valley, Cumberland (Day). 

Orchestes avellance, Don. Bradley Wood, Lines (Wallace) ; Eden Valley, 
Cumberland (Day) ; , Scotland, Garve, Ross-shire, black-legged form 

(Joy). 

Orchestes pratensis. Germ. Chippenham Fen (Donisthorpe); Coulsdon 
(Bedwell) ; Seaford, Sussex (Fowler). 

Orchestes iota, F. Newbury (Harwood). 

Orchestes stigma, Germ. Ireland, Kildare. 

Orchestes decoratiis. Germ. Tudenham Fen (Morley), 

Orchestes saliceti, Paj^k. Kew (Doliman) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; Sudbury 
(Ransom) ; Barham (Kirby) ; Godstow, Oxford (Walker) ; Lincolnshire 
(Thornley and Wallace) ; Ireland, Donegal and Kilkenny. 

Orthochcefes setiger, Beck. Belton, Suffolk (Paget) ; Mousehold Heath and 
Yelverton, Norfolk (Edwards) ; Southport (Chaster) ; Cumberland (Day) ; 
Ireland. Armagh, Wicklow, and Waterford. 

Pseudosii/philus pilumnus, Gyll. Southall, and near Cierrard's Cross (W. E. 
Sharp) ; Edmonton district (Jennings). 

Procas armillatus, F. Dartford, Kent (Jennings) ; Darland Hill, Chatham 
(Walker) ; Ed^vinstowe (Bedwell). 

Grypidius equiseti, F. Cheshunt (Jennings) ; Tubney (Holland) ; Addington 
Park, Kent, and Wigston, Leicestershire (Donisthorpe) ; Cumberland. 

Erirhinus scirpi, F. Sando-mi, I. of W. (J. Taj'lor) ; Dagenham, Essex 
(Beare) ; Benacre Broad, Suffolk (Bedw^ell) ; Bog of Arthog, North Wales 
(Donisthorpe) ; Gibside, Durham (Bagnall) ; Ireland, Fermanagh, and 
Cavan. The Armagh record refers to E. acridulus. 



310 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

ErirJiinus himacidatus, F. Rainham (Donisthorpe) ; King's Weir, Oxford 
(Walker) ; Braunton, Devon (de la Garde) ; Ireland, Wexford (Halbert). 

Erirhinus (ethiops,F. Barrowdale, Cumberland (Britten) ; Scotland, Braemar, 
not uncommon (Donisthorpe) ; Ireland, Down, Fermanagh, Roscommon, 
and Galway. 

Thryogenes fesfucce, Herbst. Oxford, Suffolk, Norfolk ; Ireland, Antrim. 
Thryogenes nereis, Payk. Scotland, Maxwelltown Loch (Lennon) ; Ireland, 

Donegal, Kilkenny-, Wexford, Clare, Limerick, Waterford and Kerry. 
Thryogenes scirrhosus, Gyll. This very distinct species has been taken in some 

numbers by Mr. Bennett, of Hastings, at Pevensey ; Cothill, near Oxford 

(Walker) ; Daneway, Gloucestershire (Edwards). 

Dorytomus vorax, F. Woking (Champion) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; Bagley 

Wood, Oxford ; Suffolk ; Norfolk ; Oakham, and Tewkesbury (Donisthorpe). 
Dorytomus tremulce, Paj'k. On white poplar, Guildford (Champion) ; Oxford 

district (Collins and Walker) ; Gumley (Matthews). 
Dorytomus hirtipennis. Bedel. On sallow. King's Weir (Walker) ; on Salix 

alba, Thorpe, Norfolk (Edwards) ; Irelajid, Donegal. 
Dorytomus mlidirostris, Gyll. Woking (Cliampion). According to Mr. 

Morley, who has taken it in plenty at Ipswich and other places in Suffolk, 

it only occurs on Populus tremnla, and not on P. nigra. 
Dorytomus affinis, Payk. Gumley (Matthews). 
Dorytomus melanophthalmus, Payk. Shortlands, Kent (Donisthorpe) ; 

Cumberland (Day) ; Wlnlaton Mill, Durham (Bagnall). 
Dorytomus melanophthalmus, v. agnathus. Boh. Ferry Hinksey, Oxford 

(Walker) ; Winlaton Mill (Bagnall). 
Dorytomus pectoralis, Gyll. Ireland, Donegal, Down, Galway, Wexford, and 

Kerry. 

Smicronyx ececus. Boh. Chesil Beach (Walker). 
Smicronyx reichei, Gyll. Chatham district (Walker). 

Smicronyx jungermannice, Reich. Hailing Downs (Walker) ; Wash Common 
near Newbury, on the " Dodder " on Gorse (Harwood). 

Tanysphyrus lemnce, F. Lincolnshire (Thornley) ; Ireland, Antrim Armagh, 
West Meath, and Wexford. 

Bagous alismatis. Marsh. Ireland, widely distributed. 

Bagous petro, Herbst. The only British specimens are one taken by Canon 

Fowler at Askham Bog and another by the Rev. W. C. Hey in the same 

locality ; all the other records refer to B. limosus, Gyll. 
Bagous cylindrus, Payk. Pevensey (Esam) ; Leighton Buzzard, in numbers 

(Ellis) ; Colchester (Harwood). 
Bagous nodulosus, Gyll. Pevensey, in some numbers (Bennett) ; Gravcsend 

(Nicholson), 
Bagous limosus, Gyll. Newchurch, I. of W. (Ellis) ; Lundy Island (Joy and 

Tomlin) ; Bawdsey, Suffolk (Morley) ; Norfolk (Edwards) ; Birkdale 

(Chaster and Sopp) ; Cai'lisle (Day). 
Bagous lutulosus, Gyll. The Irish record is to be deleted. 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. Sll 

Bagous claudicans. Boh. Yarnton (Collins) ; Cumberland ; Ireland, Armagh 

Bagous diglyptus. Boh. Ipswich (Morley) ; Sutton Broad, Norfolk (Chitty 
and Donisthorpe). 

Bagous hrevis, Gyll. Sheerness (Beare) ; New Forest (Champion). 

Bagous lufosus, Gyll. All the old records of this species refer to B. glabri- 
rostris, Herbst., but Mr. Edwards has taken it on several occasions at 
Wretliam Heath, Norfolk. 

Bagous glabrirostris, Herbst. Hastings district (Bennett) ; Barnley Broad 
(Bedwell) ; Oulton Broad (Morley) ; Syston, Leicestershire (F. Bates) ; 
Isle of Man (Tomlin) ; Ireland, Armagh and Clare. 

Bagous nigritarsis. Thorns. Lewes (Dollman) ; Luccombe, I. of W. (Cham- 
pion) ; Ireland, Armagh. 

Anoplus rohoris, Suft'r. Hastings district (Bennett) ; Snodland (Walker) ; 
Bentley Woods (Morley) ; Scotland, banks of Tromie (Bevins) ; Ireland, 
Derry and Kilkenny. 

EUeschus bipunctatus, L. Battle (Donisthorpe) ; Oxford district (Walker) ; 
Norfolk, not common off broom (Edwards) ; Meavy Valley, Devon (Keys) ; 
Ireland, widely distributed. The Irish recorded specimens of E. scanicus, 
Payk, prove to be this species. 

Tycliius quinquepunctatus, L. Guestling, near Hastings (Bennett) ; Dawlislu 
Devonshire (de la Garde). 

Tycliius squamulatus, Gylh Oxford district (Walker) ; Southport (Chaster). 

Tychius polylineatus. Germ. Several specimens of this very rare species 
were taken at Ditchling, in Sussex, by Hereward Dollman, in 1909 ; Streat- 
ley, Berks (Walker). 

Tychius meliloti, Ste-ph. Southall (W. E. Sharp) ; Yarnton (Collins) ; Streatley 
(Fowler and Tomlin) ; Barton-on-Humber, Lines (Wallace). 

Tychius lineatulus, Steph. Ditchling (Dollman) ; Lundy Island {Soj) ; 
Cothill (Collins). 

Tychius junceus, Reich. Sandown, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Bucks (W. E. 
Sharp) ; Claydon, Suffolk (Morley). 

Tychius tomentosus, Herbst. Sandown, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; ChristoAV, 
Devon (de la Garde) ; Lundy Island (Wollaston) ; Ireland, Kerry. 

Tychius tibialis. Boh. Sando\ra, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Dawlish, Devon- 
shire (de la Garde) ; Oxford district (Walker) ; Yarmouth, Norfolk 
(Edwards). 

Tychius pygmceus, Bris. Sando^^ii, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Dawlish, Devon- 
shire (de la Garde). 

Miccotrogus picirostris, F. Southport, not vnicommon (Chaster and Sopp) ; 
Cumberland (Day). 

Sibinia poteniillce. Germ. Sweeping, Polygonum, near Parley Heath (Donis- 
thorpe) ; Suffolk (Morley). 

Sibinia primifa, Herbst. Chiddingfold, abundant in garden on " Golden 
Rod " (Donisthorpe) ; Culver Cliffs, I. of W. (Beare) ; Dawlish (de la 
Garde) ; Lundy Island (Wollaston) ; Oxford district (Walker) ; Kessii'g- 
land, Suffolk (Bedwell). 



312 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Sihinia sodalis. Germ. Common on Thrift, Braunton and Dawlish, Devon- 
shire (de la Garde and Key,s). 

Miarus campanulce, L. Ireland, Galway, Clare, and Longford. Miarus plan- 
tarum. Germ. Near Abingdon (Walker and Fowler). 

Gymnetron villosulus, Gyll. St. John's Pond, Cambridge, and Lewee, Sussex 
(Dollman) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; Marston, Oxford (Walker) ; Oulton 
Broad (Bedwell) ; Tostock (Tuck) ; in galls from Veronica anagallis, Brandon, 
Lines (Miss Stow) ; Ireland, Armagh (Johnson). 

Oymnetron beccabungce, L. Lundy Island (Joy and Tomlin) ; Bungay 
(Garneys) ; Oxford district ; Ireland, Armagh, Fermanagh, Westmeath, 
Clare, Limerick, Cork, and Kerry. 

Oymnetron melanarius, Germ. Coulsdon (Bedwell) ; Tubney (Walker) ; Wych- 
wood Forest (Donisthorpe) ; Braunton (de la Garde) ; Grimsby district 
(Wallace). 

Gymnetron rostellum, Herbst. Teignmouth, Devonshire (de la Garde) ; 
Bentley Woods (Morley) ; Harford Bridges (Edwards) ; Ditchling (Doll- 
man) ; Oxford district (Walker) ; Isle of Wight, Sandown (Morley), Ventnor 
(Guyon). 

Gymnetron pascuorum, Gyll. Ireland, Kerry. 

Gymnetron labilis, Herbst. Devonshire (de la Garde) ; Seaford (Fowler) ; 
Ireland, widely distributed. 

Gymnetron collinus, Gyll. Brandon (Tomlin) ; Southport (Chaster). 

Oymnetron linarice, Panz. Brandon and Southport (Chaster) ; Cothill and 
Tubney (Walker). 

Mecinus circulatus. Marsh. Andovcr (Harwood) ; Gumley (Matthews). 
Mecinus collaris. Germ. Yarmouth, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Ireland, near 
Wexford (Halbert). 

Anthonomus ulmi, De G. Ireland, Armagh, Wexford, and Kerry. 
Anthonomus rosince, De G. Tubney (Walker) ; New Forest and. Lemington 

(Chitty) ; Tostock (Morley) ; Oakham, Rutland (Donisthorpe) ; Llandaff, 

S. Wales (Tomlin) ; Ravendale, Lines (Wallace) ; Ireland, Antrim. 
Anthonomus conspersus, Desb. Scotland, banks of Tromie (Bevins) ; Loch 

Awe (Chitty). 
Anthonomus pomorum, L. Scotland, Orchardton and Almornes (Douglas). 
Anthonomus varians, Payk. Gumley (Matthews). 
Anthonomus comari, Crotch. Colwall, Herefordshire (Tomlin) ; Wicken and 

Sutton Broad (Donisthorpe) ; Fritton (Butler) ; Cumberland (Day) ; 

Lundy Island (Wollaston) ; Ireland, common and Avidely distributed. 

Nanophyes lythri, F. N. Cornwall (Butler) ; Eskdale, Cumberland (Fowler). 

Nanophyes gracilis, Redt. New Forest (Fowler), in some numbers on Poly- 
gonum (Donisthorpe) ; Woking (Champion). Mr. Champion says the food- 
plant is Peplis portula. 

Brachonyx pineti, Payk. Middenhall, Suffolk (Perkins). 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 313 

Cionus scrophularice, L. N. Cornwall (Butler) ; S. Devon (Fowler) ; Ireland, 

Down and Kerry. 
Cionus tuherculosiis. Scop. Kingston-on-Thames (Donisthorpe) ; Xewbury 

(Harwood) ; Scotland, Loch Fochan, Argyllshire (Bowhill). 
Cionus thapsus, F. On Yerhasrum nigrum, Streatley, Berks, in abundance 

(Harwood) ; Framingham Pigot, Norfolk (Edwards). 
Cionus hortidanus. Marsh. Ireland, widely distributed. 
Cionus blattarice, F. There is an example of this species in Mr. Haliday's 

collection, marked as having been taken in Ireland. 
Cionus puIcheUus, Herbst. Lundy Island (Joy and Tomlin) ; Suffolk, 

Norfolk ; Ireland, Kerry. 

Cryptorhynclius lapafhi, L. Weymouth (Forsyth) ; St. Issej', Cornwall (E. 
Davies) ; Gosport (Donisthorpe) ; Oxford district (Walker) ; Suffolk, 
Barrow-on-Soar, Leicestershire (Bouskell) ; Lincolnshire ; Ireland, Armagh 
and Wexford. 

Acalles rohoris. Curt. Ireland, Kerry. 

Acalles ptinoides. Marsh. Cumberland ; Ireland, Donegal, Louth, Dublin, 

Wicklow, Wexford, and Cork. 
Acalles turhatus. Boh. Enslow Bridge, Oxford (Collins) ; Lowestoft ; Torksey, 

Lines (Fegler) ; Ireland, Donegal, Antrim, and Dublin ; not recorded from 

Louth in the Irish list. 

Mononyclius pseudacori, F. Only occurs in the seed-pods of Iris fcetidissimus, 
not /. pseudacorus : NcAvton Abbot, S. Devon (Holdaway) ; Niton, I. of W., 
in profusion, October 1906 (Donisthorpe). There are Irish specimens in 
the Haliday collection. Pinney Cliff, Lyme Regis, Dorset, in numbers 
in July on pods of Iris fcetidissimus, 1835 (Dale and Morris). 

Coeliodes ruhicundus, Herbst. Ireland, Donegal, Derry, Armagh, Roscommon, 
Galway, and King's County. 

Coeliodes cardui, Herbst. Ireland, Down and Galway. 

Coeliodes geranii, Payk. Oxford (Holland) ; Gelt Woods, Cumberland 
(Routledge). • 

Coeliodes exiguus, 01. Luccombe, I. of W. (Butler) ; Tubney, near Oxford 
(Walker). The Northumberland and Durham records refer to the pre- 
ceding species. 

Poophagus nasturtii. Germ. Moretonhampstead, Devon (de la Garde) ; 
Baldock (Wood) ; Cothill, near Abingdon (Walker) ; Cumberland (Britten). 

Ceuthorhynchus setosus. Boh. Ditchling, Sussex (Donisthorpe) ; Cothill, 

Oxford (Walker) ; Scotland, Orchardton (Douglas). Recorded as feeding 

on Sisymbrium thalianum by Walker and Britten. 
Ceuthorhynchus constrictus. Marsh. Wood Eaton, Oxford (Walker) ; Aylestone, 

Leicester (H. W. Bates) ; Ireland, Waterford. 
Ceuthorhynchus cochlearice, Gyll. Ireland, Armagh, Wexford, and Kerry. 

Mr. P. de la Garde took a specimen at Totnes, Devonshire, with six joints 

to the funiculus of the antennae (instead of seven). 



314 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Ceuthorhynchus hirtulus, Germ. Oxford district (Walker and Holland) ; 

Bentley Woods and Bramford, Suffolk (Morley) ; Slapton, Devonshire 

(Champion) ; Ireland, Donegal. 
Ceutliorhijnchus jnloselhis, Gyll. Oxford district (Walker) ; Streatley, Berks, 

and Gwithian, Cornwall (Tomlin). 
Ceuthorhynchus quadridens, Panz. Ireland, widely distributed. 
Ceuthorhynchus viduatus, Gyll. Brading, I. of W. (Mitford) ; Upton-on- 

Severn (Tomlin) ; on Stachys pallustris, Oxford district (Walker) ; Horning, 

Norfolk (EUiman) ; Eskdale, Cumberland (Fowler) ; Scotland, Coatbridge 

(G. Brown) ; Ireland, Derry and Armagh. 
Ceuthorhynchus angulosus, Boh. King's Lynn (Atmore) ; on Plantago 

lanceolata, Patricroft (Hardy) ; Ireland, Derry, Antrim, Down, and 

Waterford. 
Ceuthorhynchus picitarsis, Gyll. Chatham (Walker) ; Gumley (Matthews). 
Ceuthorhynchus alliarice, Bris. Summertown, Oxford (Walker) ; Pambor 

Forest (Donisthorpe) ; Bentley Woods, Suffolk (Morley) ; Norfolk, 

scarce (Edwards); Theddlethorpe, Lines (Thornley) ; British Camp, 

Herefordshire (Tomlin). 
Ceuthorhynchus verrucatus, Gyll. At roots of Horned Poppy, Pevensey and 

Pett (Bennett). 
Ceuthorhynchus resedce, Marsh. Elsfield, Oxford (Walker) ; Newbury (Har- 

wood) ; Wychwood Forest (Donisthorpe). 
Ceuthorhynchus punctiger, Gyll. Coulsdon (Bedwell) ; Co thill and Snodland 

(Walker) ; South Brent, Devon (Keys) ; Southport (Chaster) ; Ireland, 

Armagh, Galway, and Dublin. 
Ceuthorhynchus marginatus, Payk. Oxford district (Walker) ; Newbury 

(Harwood) ; South Brent, Devonshire (de la Garde) ; Oulton Broad 

(Bedwell) ; Ireland, Dublin. 
Ceuthorhynchus urticce, Boh. By sweeping Stachys (Woundwort) in damp 

thickets at Snodland (Walker) ; Gumley (Matthews). 
Ceuthorhynchus rugulosus, Herbst. Bovisand (Keys) ; Ireland, Donegal, 

Derry, Antrim, Down, Wexford, Clare, and Waterford. 
Ceuthorhynchus melanostictus, Marsh. Sandown, I. of W. (Beare) ; Oxford 

district ; Suffolk ; Wicken Fen, and Addington Park, Kent (Donisthorpe) ; 

Dawlish, Devonshire (de la Garde). 
Ceuthorhynchus asperifoliarum, Gyll. Brandon (Morley) ; Tuddenham Fen 

(Donisthorpe) ; Oxford disti-ict (Walker) ; Doncaster (Corbett). 
Ceuthorhynchus arcuatus, Herbst. Ireland, Lough Neagli (Halbert). 
Ceuthorhynchus euphorbice, Bris. Cobham Park (Walker) ; Sevcnoaks 

(Donisthorpe) ; Tubney (Holland) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; Dawlish (de 

la Garde) ; Eskdale, Cumberland (Fowl(>r). 
Ceuthorhynchus chrysanthemi, Germ. Huntingfield (Chitt}-) ; Ringstead, 

Dorset, and Pamber Forest (Donisthorpe) ; Baughurst (Joy) ; Oxford 

(Walker) ; Suffolk (Morley) ; Newton Cliff (Thornley). 
Ceuthorhynchus triangulum. Boh. Sandown, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Mouse- 
hold Heath, Norfolk (Edwards) ; Ditchling, Sussex (Dollman) ; Dawlish 

and Braunton, Devon (de la Garde). 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 315 

Ceuthorhynclms trimaciilatus, F. Freshwater, I. of W. (Champion) ; Hunting- 
field (Chitty) ; Sevenoaks (Donisthorpe) ; Ditchling (Dollman) ; Tubney 
(Holland) r Suffolk, rare, Lowestoft (Saunders), Ipswich (Morley) ; Nor- 
folk, not common (Edwards). It is not recorded from Ireland in the Irish 
list. 

Ceuthorhi/nchidius nigrinus. Marsh. Bentley Woods, Suffolk (Morley) ; 
Cumberland (Britten). 

Ceuthorhynchidius melanarius, Steph. Snodland and Oxford district (Walker) ; 
Chiddingfold (Donisthorpe) ; Newbury (Harwood) ; Suffolk, Ipswich 
(Morley), Oulton Broad (Bedwell), &c. 

Ceuthorhynchidius posthumus, Germ. Suffolk (Morley) ; Cumberland (Day). 

Ceuthorhynchidius terminatus, Herbst. Cothill (Walker) ; Newbury (Har- 
wood) ; Teignmouth (de la Garde) ; Ireland, Waterford. 

Ceuthorhi/nchidius horridus, Bris. Huntingfield (Chitty) ; Blackgang, I. of 
W. (Donisthorpe) ; Bucks (W. E. Sharp) ; Tubney, near Oxford (Walker) ; 
Gumley (Matthews) ; Stow-on-the-Wold, Glos. (L. R. Crawshay) ; Lowestoft 
(Bedwell). 

Ceuthorhynchidius quercicola, Payk. Water Eaton (Collins) ; St. Margaret's 
Bay (Beare) ; Doncaster (Corbett) ; Cumberland (Day) ; Scotland, Peebles 
district (Black). 

Ceuthorhynchidius mixtus, Muls. Woking (Champion) ; Tubney (Walker) ; 
Royston (Butler) ; Porlock (Bennett) ; Newton Abbot (Wollaston) ; 
Wherstead, Suffolk (Morley) ; Bovey Tracy (de la Garde) ; Ireland, Lay- 
town, CO. Meath (Halbert). 

Ceuthorhynchidius chevrolati, Bris. Hastings district (Bennett) ; Lydd 
(Donisthorpe) ; Wantage (Harwood) ; DitchUng (Dollman). 

Ceuthorhynchidius daivsoni, Bris. Chatham (Walker) ; Lundy Island (Wollas- 
ton) ; Suffolk (Morley) ; Southport (Chaster and Sopp) ; Isle of Man 
(Bailey) ; Ireland, Dublin, Wexford, Waterford, and Kerry. 

Rhytidosormis globulus, Herbst. It occurs on aspens, not sallows ; Blean 
Woods, Kent (Walker) ; Haye Woods, Warwickshire (Ellis) ; Darenth 
Wood (Donisthorpe) ; near Oxford (Walker), on Populus canescens ; 
Glemsford, Suffolk (Tomlin). 

Amalus hcemorrhous, Herbst. Culver Cliffs, I. of W. (Beare) ; Oxford district, 
Southport (Chaster and Sopp). The Armagh record is to bo deleted. 

Rhinoncus gramineus, F. Marston, Oxford (Walker) ; Oulton Broad (Bed- 
well) ; Southwold (Morley) ; Southport, common (Chaster and Sopp). 

Rhinoncus perpendicidaris, Reich. Scotland, Orchardton (Douglas) ; Ireland, 
common. 

Rhinoncus castor, F. Ireland, Derry, Louth, Kildare, and Wexford. 

Rhinoncus bruchoides, Herbst. River Yar, I. of W. (Beare) ; Bucks (W. E. 
Sharp) ; Wicken Fen (Donisthorpe). 

Eubrychius relatus. Beck. Devonshire (Keys) ; Oxford ; Suiffolk ; Cumber- 
land ; Ireland, widely distributed. 



316 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Litodactylus leucogasfer, Marsh. Richmond Park (Donisthorpe) ; Yarnton, 
Oxford (Walker) ; Oulton Broad (Bedwell) ; Lincohishire ; Cumberland ; 
Ireland, Armagh and King's County. 

Phytohius comari, Herbst. Oxford ; Cumberland ; Ireland, widely distribu ted 
Phytobiiis waltoni, Boh. New Forest, abundant on Polygonum (Donisthor pe) 
Phytohius canaliculatus, Fahr. Leicestershire, Thornton (F. Bates) ; Gumley 

(Matthews) ; Ireland, Donegal, Armagh, Cork, and Kerry. 
Phytohius quadrinodosus, C4yll (denticollis, Gyll). Battle (Bennett) ; Park- 
hurst Forest, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Cothill (Walker). 
Phytohius ynuricatus, Bris. Sutton Broad, Norfolk (Donisthorpe) ; Cumber- 
land, abundant in a swamp (Britten). 

Baris laticollis. Marsh. C4umley (Matthews). 

Boris picicornis. Marsh. Ayleston, Leicester (H. W. Bates) ; Peppard, Oxon 

(Fowler). 
Baris lepidii, Germ. St. Helens, I. of W. (Holland) ; Hastings district 

(Bennett) ; Yarnton, Oxford (Walker) ; Swanton Morley, Norfolk 

(Edwards) ; Gumley (Matthews) ; Torksey (Pegler). 

Balaninus nucum, L. Ireland, Galway (R. E. Dillon). 

Balaninus turhatus, Gyll. Bagley Wood (Hope) ; Pamber Forest (Donis- 
thorpe) ; Bentley Woods, Suffolk (Morlej^) ; Dunston, Norfolk (Thouless); 
Leighton Buzzard (Crawshaj?). 

Balanimis betulce, Steph. Bexley (E. A. Waterhouse) ; Bradfield (Joy) ; 
Sherwood Forest, on oak (Kidson-Taylor) ; Eaton, Norfolk (Edwards) ; 
Leighton Buzzard (Crawshay) ; Ireland, Caragh Lake, co. Kerry (Col. 
Yerbury). 

Balaninus ruhidus, Gyll. Bexley and Wellington College (Donisthorpe) ; 
Suffolk (Morley) ; Leighton Buzzard (Crawshay). 

Balaniyius villosus, F. Holy Loch (Somerville). 

Balaninus pyrrhoceras, Marsh. Delamere Forest (Dutton) ; Southport 
(Chaster and Sopp) ; Cumberland, not uncommon (Britten) ; Scotland, 
Orchardton (Douglas) ; Ireland, Donegal, Derry, Armagh, Galway, Limerick, 
and Cork. 

Calandra oryzce, L. Taken by Mr. E. J. Burgess Sopp in a pine-wood at Fern- 
dale, Dorset, and in moss and leaves in a plantation at Snowdon. 

Pentarthrum huftoni, Wollaston. Shoe Lane, London, in beer cellar (Rye) ; 
in cellars, Huntingfield (Chitty) ; Bradfield (Joy) ; Lundy Island (Joy and 
Tomlin) ; in living horse chestnut, Plymouth (Keys) ; in roots of Pampas 
Grass, near Exeter (Nicholson). 

Cossonus ferrugineus, Clair. Oxford district (Holland) ; Bungaj- (Garnej's) ; 
Bury St. Edmunds (Tuck) ; Tewkesbury, in numbers in old poplar (Beare 
and Donisthorpe). 

Ehopalomesites tardyi, Curt. Hastings district in holly (Bennett) ; in elm 
and ash at Plymouth (Keys) ; Scotland, I. of Arran, under birch bark 
(Bagnall) ; Isle of Man, in ash and hawthorn (Bailey) ; sweeping under 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 317 

beech trees, Bardsea, Morecambe Bay, Lancashire (Armstrong) ; Ireland, 
widely distributed, in holly, beech, willow, poplar, alder, and mountain 
ash. 

Rhyncolus gracilis, Rosen. Greenheys, Manchester (Chappell). 
Rhyncolus ater, L. Tostock, Suffolk, on decayed tree in garden (Tuck) ; 
Hurst Wood, Guildford (Champion). 

Sterecorynes iruncorum. Germ. Richmond Park, in jioplar (Donisthorpe) ; 
Cobham Park (Bedwell) ; Tewkesbury, in poplar (Beare) ; Eye district, 
Suffolk (Tyrer). 

Caulotrypis (eneopiceus, Boh. In granary, Holborn (Donisthorpe) ; Sandown, 
I. of \V. (Champion) ; Ipswich (Sheppard) ; Scilly and Lundy Island (Joy) ; 
Ireland, Cork and Dublin, in old ash tree. 

Codiosoma spadix, Herbst. I. of W., SandoA^ai, in sea-breakers (Donisthorpe), 
Yarmouth (Butler), Ryde (Dollman) ; Lancing (Rye) ; Suffolk (Morley) ; 
Humberstone, Lines (Bullock) ; Ireland, Dublin, in a piece of driftwood 
(Halbert). 

Magdalis phlegmatica, Herbst. Near Carlisle (Day). 

Magdalis dwplicata. Germ. Nethy Bridge (Donisthorpe). 

Magdalis carhonaria, L. Sherwood Forest (Kidson-Taylor). 

Magdalis armigera, Fourc. Ireland, Dublin and Waterford. 

Magdalis pruni, L. Cumberland (Britten) ; Ireland, Haliday collection. 

Magdalis cerasi, L. Suffolk; Norfolk; Lynwode, Lines (Peacock). 

Magdalis harhicornis, Lat. Cheshunt and Enfield (Pool) ; Peppard, Oxon 

(Fowler) ; Chattendon and Sheppy (Walker) ; Huntingfield (Chitty) ; 

Leighton Buzzard (Crawshay) ; Cambridge (Jenkinson) ; Bradley Wood, 

near Grimsby (Wallace). 

SCOLYTIDiE 

Scolytus destructor, 01. Not recorded from Ireland. 

Scolytus pruni, Ratz. Bedford Park (Dollman) ; Enfield (Pool) ; Ipswich 

(Morley) ; Oxford (Hamm). 
Scolytus intricatus, Ratz. Chiddingfold (Donisthorpe) ; Ipswich (Morley) ; 

Marvel Copse, I. of W. (Morey) ; Bagley Wood (G. H. Grosvenor). 
Scolytus rugulostis, Ratz. Reigate, in laurel (Chapman) ; Epping Forest and 

Lydd (Donisthorpe) ; Ipswich (Morley) ; Tubney (Collins). 
Scolytus multistriatus. Marsh. Enfield (Pool) ; Sandown, I. of W. (Beare, 

Bouskell, and Donistnorpe) ; Barham and Tuddenham, Suffolk (Morley) ; 

Eaton, Norfolk (Thouless). 

Hylastes cunicvlarius, Er. Wellington College (Tomlin) ; Bradfield (Joy) ; 

Gumley (Matthews) ; Ipswich (Morley) ; Bagley Wood (Grosvenor) ; 

Scotland, Innerleithen (Beare). 
Hylastes opacu's, Er. Suffolk; Norfolk; Christow, Devonshire (de la Garde) ; 

Ireland, Louth. 



318 ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 

Hylastes angustatus, Herbst. Woking (Champion) ; Bournemouth, in some 
numbers in " break-waters " (Donisthorpe). 

Hylastes falliatus, Gyll. Ireland, local, but widely distributed. 

Hylasfinus ohscurits, Marsh. Fairlight, near Hastings, and New Forest 
(Donisthorpe) ; Sandown, I. of W. (Champion) ; Lundy Island (Joy and 
Tomlin) ; Summertown, Oxford (Walker) ; Charnwood Forest (F. Bates) ; 
Brandon, Lines (Miss Stow) ; Backways Cove, North Cornwall (Butler) ; 
Cumberland (Day) ; Ireland, Donegal, Derry, Armagh, Dublin, Kildare, 
and Wexford. 

Hi/lesinus crenatus, F. Enfield (Pool) ; Richmond Park and Chippenham 
Fen (Donisthorpe) ; Suffolk (Morley) ; Torksey (Thornley) ; Ireland, 
Toller Valley, Co. Dublin (Halbert), Tipperary (Forbes). 

Hylesinus oleiperda, F. Chippenham Fen, and Rye, near Hastings, abundant 
(Donisthorpe), the insect bores into the end-shoots of the branches of 
ash ; Oxford district (Walker) ; Bungay, Suffolk (Garneys) ; Delamere 
Forest (W. E. Sharp); Offchurch (Chitty); Little .Cotes, Lines 
(Wallace) ; Luccombe Common, I. of W., and Ditchling, Sussex (Dollman). 

Hylesinus vittatus, F. Perivale Park (Dollman) ; Guildford (Champion) ; 
Hendon (Donisthorpe) ; Bury district (Tuck) ; Cumberland (Day) ; 
Ireland, Haliday collection. 

Myelophiliis piniperda, L. Dr. Chapman gives an account of the destructive 
habits of this beetle in the E. M. M. 1910, p. 260. 

Cissophagus hederce, Schmidt. Cobham Park and Elsfield (Walker) ; Fair- 
light, near Hastings (Bennett) ; Ditchling (Dollman) ; Sandown, I. of W. 
(Taylor) ; Leicester Frith (Wooley). 

Xylechinus pilosus, Ratz. Is recorded from Leicestershire by the late Mr. 
F. Bates. 

Phlceophthorus rhododactylus, Marsh. Hythe, and Sandown, I. of W. 
(Donisthorpe) ; Ditchling (Dollman) ; Cumnor, Oxford (Walker) ; 
Suffolk (Morley) ; Weeting, Norfolk (Edwards) ; North Thoresby, 
Lines (Wallace) ; Ireland, Wicklow, Wexford, and Cork. 

Hypothenemus eruditus, Westw. London, in old book (O. E. Janson). 

Cryphalus tilke, Panz. Egglestone-in-Teesdale (Gardner) ; Newnham, Glos 
(Fowler). 

Cryphalus abietis, Ratz. Guildford (Champion) ; New Forest (Walker) ; 
Royston (Butler) ; East Carlton, Norfolk (Edwards) ; Cockle Park, 
Northumberland (Forbes) ; near Edinburgh (Beare). 

Cryphalus fagi, Nord. Guildford (Champion) ; Ranmore Woods, Mickleham, 
St. Leonard's Forest and Guestling (Bennett) ; Berkshire (Joy). 

Pityophthorus pubescens. Marsh. Near Sandwich (E. A. Waterhouse) ; Wood- 
hay and Parkhurst Forest, I. of W. (Donisthorpe) ; Tubney (Walker) ; 
Bentley Woods (Morley) ; Cromer (Elliman) ; Ireland, Galway, Wexford, 
Clare, and Cork. 

Xylodeptes bispinus, Duft. Ditchling (Dollman) ; Ipswich (Walker) ; Cod- 
denham (Fox) ; Oxford district (Walker) ; Scotland, Carnsalloch (Lennon). 



ADDITIONAL LOCALITIES, NOTES, ETC. 3i9 

Dryoccetes autographus, Ratz. Gibside, and Westgate-in-Weardale, Durham 

(Bagnall) ; Scotland, near Edinburgh (Beare). 
Dryoccetes villosus, F. Cumberland (Day) ; Ireland, Derry (Buckle). 
Dryoccetes alni, Georg. Southport (Sopp) ; Gibside (Bagnall). 
Dryoccetes coryli, Ferris. Coombe Wood (Donisthorpe) ; Chattenden (Walker) ; 

Cromer (Elliman). 

Tomicus fypographus, L. Scotland, Carnsalloch (Lennon). 

Tomicus acuminatus, Gyll. Carlisle (Day) ; Sunderland, Durham (Bagnall) ; 

Beauley Wood, Northumberland (Gillanders). 
Tomicus laricis, F. Bournemouth (Donisthorpe) ; Boar's Hill (Holland) ; 

Gibside, Durham (Bagnall). 

Pityogenes bidentatus, Herbst. Oxford district (Walker) ; Woodhaj^, Hants 
(Donisthorpe) ; Suffolk, Bungay (Garneys) ; Foxhall (Morley) ; Ireland, 
Armagh (Johnson). 

Trypodendron domesticmn, L. Bay worth, Oxon (Walker) ; Berkshire (Joy) ; 
Buddon Wood, Leicestershire (Bouskell) ; Cadney, Lines (Peacock) ; Scot- 
land, Hawthorndene (Beare) ; Ireland, Donegal and Roscommon. 

Trypodendron quercus, Eich. Porlock (Beare and Donisthorpe). 

Trypodendron lineatum, 01. Cumberland (Britten) ; Durham (Gillanders). 

Xyleborus dispar, F. Chidclingfold (Donisthorpe) ; Battle (Bennett) ; Baug- 
hur.st (Joy) ; Wisley, Surrey, in numbers (Chittenden). 

Xyleborus dryographus, Ratz. Richmond Park and Chiddingfold (Donis- 
thorpe) ; Tubney (Walker). 

Xyleborus saxeseni, Ratz. Chiddingfold (Donisthorpe). 

Platypus cylindrus, F. Chiddingfold, not uncommon (Donisthorpe). 



ABNORMAL COLEOPTERA 

Stylops melittce, Payk. Wimbledon Common (Rye) ; Bury district (Tuck) ! 
Oxford (Hamm). A list of stylopised bees and papers on the same will be 
found in the E. M. M. for 1892, pp. 1 and 40 (Perkins and Theobald). 

Elenchus tenuicornis, Kirby. Mr. Edward Saunders bred a specimen which 
emerged from the larva of a Homopterous insect of the genus Liburnia, 
taken in Claygate Lane in 1892. Ireland, " Mr. Haliday took two females 
in sweeping some herbage near Belfast." 

Halictopliagus curtisii. Dale. Bury district, in Halictus cylindricus, 1894 
(Tuck) ; Oxford district (Hamm). 

(Owing to a mistake one or two sheets of the list of localities were worked 
off without the insertion of the names of the divisions or families : these wiU, 
however, be found in the index.) 



THE MYRMECOPHILOUS COLEOPTERA 
OF GREAT BRITAIN* 

The coleopterous inhabitants of ants' nests may be roughly divided into 
three classes : (1) the true guests of the ants ; (2) the " hostile persecuted 
lodgers," species which are antagonistic to, and are attacked by, the ants ; 
and (3) the indifTerently treated lodgers — those which are tolerated, or not 
noticed. There are also many species of beetles which have been recorded 
with ants, but are only chance visitors to the nests, being generally found 
under other circumstances. 

(1) Of the first of these classes we possess four species, one Claviger, two 
species of Atemeles, and Lomechusa strumosa, although perhaps Ampliotis 
marginata may be considered one, as it is fed by the ants with which it lives. 
I have bred it in my observation nest of Lasms fuliginosus and have seen it 
fed by its hosts. The true guests possess patches of yellow hairs on certain 
parts of the body, from whence the ants obtain a sweet secretion, and often 
have a broad, short tongue, and aborted palpi, which shows they are also fed 
by their hosts. It has been stated that if Claviger was removed from one nest 
to another it would be attacked and killed. This, however, I have shoAvn to be 
erroneous, and all my experiments | tend to show that beetles which are only 
found in ants' nests are tolerated, or else are able to defend themselves for a 
time in any ants' nest. It was also believed that Claviger, which is blind, could 
not feed itself, bixt this is also incorrect, as, though it is fed by the ants, it has 
been proved to feed on the ants' larvae, and on dead flies killed by the ants. I 
have observed that the Clavigers in my observation nests of Lasius flaviis 
generally sat on, or among the larvae of the ants, and that they ate the eggs., 
and larvae, and dead ants, as well as insects given to the ants. They are also 
very fond of riding on the ants, especially on the qixeens. Professor Alfred 
Hetschko kept some alive a long time, away from ants, by feeding them on 
dead flies. 

The life history of Lomechusa strumosa is of great interest. t It is both 
fed and licked by its hosts, Formica sanguinea. I have found, however, 
that it Avill also feed on honey and dead larvae, given to the ants, and have 
even seen it bite live caterpillars. The copulation of this beetle, Mliich is 
very extraordinary, has been recorded by me for the first time, I believe. 
The male faces the back of the female, and pushing his head under her body, 

* Bv H. St J. K. Donisthorpc. 

t Ent. Record. 1901, p. 349; 1903, p. 11; 1906, p. 288, &c. 
X Trans. Ent. Soc. I;ond., Pt. IV (Feb. 1908), pp. 415-420, with woodcuts. 

320 



THE MYRMECOPillLOUS COLEOPTERA 3^1 

he raises himself on tlie tips of the front legs, nearly standing on his head. 
He bends the body right over his back, to reach the end of the female's body, 
when she puts her body up to meet his. The posterior part of the male's 
body opens and clasps that of the female, and coition takes place. The 
female lays the eggs on the eggs, or very young larvae, of the ants, and the 
young larva hatches almost at once. It is very like an ant larva in appearance 
and is fed by the ants. They also place it on their own brood, and Father 
Wasmann believes that the voracity of the larva produces pseudogjoies 
among the ants. This has been admitted by Viehmeyer and Wheeler. Pseu- 
dogynes are worker ants, with some of the characters of the females, though 
they do little, if any, work, and are said not to bite like normal workers do. 
I have found pseudog\aies in nests of Formica sanguinea in the Xew Forest, 
which, according to Wasmann's theory, proves that Lomechusa must occur 
there. He considers they are produced as follows : the numbers of worker 
larvae devoured by Lomechusa causes a scarcity of workers in the nest. Now, 
as is well kno%vn, the ants produce females by feeding their larvae on special 
food, and the pseudogynes are caused by the ants trying to turn larvae they 
have started to rear as females, mto workers, to make up for the lack of the 
latter, Pseudogjaies only begua to appear when Lomechusa has been present 
for some years m a nest, and it is from these colonies that the beetle spreads 
to other nests. Pseudogpies do not occur in every nest where Lomechusa is 
found, but the beetle is said to be always present, even if it cannot be found 
where the former are. Lomechusa is kept in check at iirst by the ants digging 
up the pupa of the beetle and carrying it about, as they do their own pupae, 
which causes the death of the beetle. 

The species of the genus Atemeles are, like Lomechusa, true guests, being 
fed and licked by their hosts. When an Atemeles desires to be fed it not 
only asks an ant, by tapping with its antennae, as does Loniechtisa, but it 
further imitates the actions of its hosts by stroking the side of the head 
of the ant with its front foot. Thej' are double hosted, that is to say their 
summer hosts are ants of the genus Formica, in the nests of which species 
their eggs are laid and their larvae bred, so these ants may be called the 
larval hosts ; their winter hosts are ants of the genus Myrmica, which may be 
called the beetle hosts. The beetles thus have to make a double migration, 
one in the early part of the year from Myrmica to Formica nests, and again 
in summer or autumn from Formica to Myrmica. Consequently one would 
expect to find Atemeles at large more often than other regular guests, and 
this is exactly what does happen. The pairing time is about May, and is 
the same as that of Lomechusa. Wasmann has demonstrated that the 
eggs are laid on the eggs of the ants, from which they are undistinguishable 
even with a lens. The young larvae hatch very soon and devour the ants' 
grubs. I have seen the ants in one of my observation nests place the larva 
of Atemeles emarginatus on their own brood. Rupertsberger, in 1893, recorded 
that he gave a larva of Atemeles from a. Formica truncicola nest, to specimens 
of Formica pratensis, and that they received it with joy and hcked and 
caressed it. Another interesting point is that the beetles go into quarantine 
before they enter the other hosts' nest, after leaving the one. This covers 

X 



322 THE MYRMECOPHILOUS COLEOPTERA 

a period of several days, when tliey leave the Myrmica nest, as they remain 
hidden in and near the new Formica nest. When they go from Formica to 
Myrmica the period is much longer, as they are not found with the latter before 
the end of August, or beginning of September, though they have long before 
disappeared from the Formica nests. Having been bred in the latter nests, 
the nest aura is no doubt more pronounced in the beetles of the summer 
migration. They are also said to cause pseudogynes to be produced in the nests 
of their hosts. I have found pseudogynes in plenty in nests of Formica rufa, 
and rufo-pratensis at Nethy Bridge in Scotland. It is therefore certain that 
if the theory is correct we possess another species of Atemeles, most probably 
A. pubicoUis, a continental species, whose hosts these ants are. 

(2) In the hostile persecuted lodgers Ave find that, though attacked, they 
are able to protect themselves, even when introduced from one species of ants' 
nest into another. They live as beasts of prey, and murderers in the nests 
of the ants and their j'oung. Their size prevents the ants from tolerating 
them. Such are the Myrmedonias, all of which are ant-eaters, Quedius brevis, 
Xantholinus atratus, &c. Lamprinus saginatus is another example, and is 
found with various ants. It hides in the nest, and steals and devours the 
ants' eggs. Myrmedonia funesta, which is found with the tree-ant Lasius 
Juliginosus is a good example of mimicry, as it is very like its host, being 
jet-black in colour. Wasmann has expressed his opinion that this mimicry 
is to deceive the ants. Here I am unable entirely to agree with him. I 
consider it is more to protect the beetle from outside enemies, and what I 
think goes far to prove this is that as the beetle when introduced into my nest 
of Formica rufa was able, when attacked, to defend itself against so fierce an 
ant, it would not therefore require protection by mimicry with its own host. 
Wasmann truly says that when disturbed it curls up and looks like a bit of 
earth, but that is surely its second line of defence. The insect is found in 
the runs and outside the true nest, where its resemblance to the ants would 
be of most use in the case of outside enemies. On the other hand, Thiasophila 
inqibilina, a much smaller beetle, which occurs with the same ant, and is of a 
rather bright red-brown when alive is nearly always, when found, in the deeper 
part of the nest. I have seen it make use of the same defence as Myrmedonia 
tphen attacked by an ant. The defence of these beetles is as follows : when 
the beetle meets an ant it stands still and raises the abdomen over the body, 
and if the ant tries to attack it, it pokes the end of the body into the ant's 
face. The ant starts back, and the beetle resumes its career. When I have 
forced an ant to take hold of a beetle, it very soon let go and often ran round 
and round in a circle as if mad, and sometimes one antenna would remain 
bent in one nosition for some time, as if stiff. These beetles possess a strong 
pungent smeil, which is most noticeable when handled, and it is this vapour 
they give off which, I consider, protects them from the ants. I have dis- 
sected several species of Myrmedonia {and also Lomechusa, which I discovered 
gave off a similar smell when seized) under the microscope, and have found 
the glands which secrete this vapour. For some years past I have been 
trying to find out its chemical formula, but the difficulty in obtaining sufficient 
of the substance is very great. The Myrmedonias and Drusilla canalicidata 



THE MYE.MECOPHILOUS COLEOPTERA 323 

kill and devour ants. Mons. L. Mesmin mentions that a specimen of Jlyrmedonia 
collaris he put into a bottle with two ants, immediate^ seized one of them and 
killed it. I have seen Myrmedonia cognafa attack and kill ants in captivity, 
biting them behind the head, and have kept most of our si^ecies alive for a 
long time by giving them ants to eat. In a wood, in Worcestershire, where 
Myrmedonia hmneralis was abundant, I saw many ants killed by the beetles. 
Near one large nest of Formica rufa a cart-track went through the wood, and 
in this track the Myrmedonia occurred in every crack and under every dead 
leaf, and also many of its larvae. Every here and there little heaps of dead 
ants were to be found, and these kept being added to by the IMyrmedonias 
Avith specimens they had slain. The beetles could be seen hiding and pouncing 
on a solitary ant. Thousands of the ants must have been killed in this waj'. 
Messrs. Leucante and Bleuse record Drusilla attacking and killing ants. 
Commander Walker found it carrying an ant, and I have taken it at Chidding- 
fold with a dead Myrmica in its mouth. The copulation in Myrmedonia is 
the same as that of Lomechusa. 

(3) The indifferently treated lodgers are mostly scavengers in the nests 
Some are very small, such as Ptenidium and Ptilium, and the ants appear to 
pay no attention to them whatever, it is just as if they were invisible. The 
two species of Monotoma have a very wooden appearance, and when motionless 
much resemble bits of wood, or other debris on the ant-hill. I have seen 
specimens walking on the top of my nest amongst a lot of ants who never 
took the slightest notice of them. I have even seen them walk over the ants. 
Oxypoda and some other of the smaller " staphs " are protected on account 
of the quickness of their movements. The Histeridce are protected by their 
very hard bodies, the ants not having strong enough jaws to bite them. 
George Lewis noted the same with the " Formicarius Histers " in Spain and 
Tangiers, which he generally found feeding on the larvae of the ants. Their 
hosts seemed indifferent to, or unconscious of, their presence, and appeared 
to know that they were physically incapable of freeing their nests of these 
hard beetles, their jaws not being strong enough to hurt them. Two of our 
species, however, Hetcerius ferriiginetis and Myrmetes piceus, are approaching 
the true guests, as they are often licked by the ants. I have noticed this 
myself with the latter. During copulation, which I have noted in May, the 
male of this beetle, sits far back on the dorsum of the female. I introduced 
specimens into a nest of F. fusco-rufiharhis, and had given these ants pupa^ 
of F. rufa to eat. The Myrmetes bored into the pupae and devoured tli! 
whole contents. 

The genus Dinarda is generally classed in this group. Although the 
ants often try to attack them, and they protect themselves in the same way 
as I have shown the Myrmedonias do, they do not attack or kill the ants. 
They sometimes steal and devour the ants' eggs. I have seen a Dinarda creep 
underneath two ants feeding at some sugar and pilfer some of it. They also 
feed on the acari, which are a great pest in some nests. I kept a single 
Dinarda alive for months in a small plaster nest with a small colony oi 
Formica exsecta. The ants were covered with the young of acari, and the 
Dinarda practically cleared the nest of them. Tliis shows that though 



324 



THE MYRMECOPHILOUS COLEOPTERA 



these lodgers inhabit the nests entirely for their own advantage, they are 
probably of some use to their hosts also ; indeed, one Avould imagine if 
this were not so, the ants would have acquired a means of ejecting them. 
Our four species, or races, of Dinarda each live with a distinct species of 
ant. They are probably all descended from a common ancestor of Dinarda 
dentata, which is the oldest developed species. The nests and habits of their 
hosts are very different, and this has no doubt played a considerable part 
in the evolution of the species. Dinarda mcirkeli is found with Formica rvfa, 
which builds the well-known hillocks of pine-needles. D. dentata occurs with 
F. sangiiinea, the slave-maker, Avhich makes its nest chiefly in banks, Avith 
very little nest materials over the nest. D. Jiagensi inhabits the nest of 
J^. exseda, whose small nests, about the size of a football, are built of grass 
and ling. This rare ant was only supposed to occur at, and in the neighbour- 
hood of Bournemouth. Mr. Hamm, however, has found it in Devonshire, 
Mr. Blatch recorded it from Bewdley in the Midlands, and I have discovered 
it in the Highlands of Scotland, and in the Isle of Wight. D. pygmaa lives 
with F. fusca v. fusco-rtifilarbis, which chiefly nests under stones. The 
following extract from a table by Wasmann will show the relationships of 
the species in connection with their hosts : 

Antestral Type of Dinardinii (unkno^Mi). 
Dinarda, Grav. 



Aethiopian 



Palsearctic 



1. D. clavigera, Fvl. 2. D. nigrata, Rosh. 3. D. dentata (group)- 

(Abyssinia, Host : un- (Mediterranean, Host : (Xorth and Central 

known). Aphcenogaster testaceo- Europe, Host : Formica), 

pilosa). I 



D. markeli, Ksw. 
(Host : F. rvfa, L.). 



D. hagensi, Wasm. c. D. dentata, Gr. (Host : 

(Host: F. exsecia,'i^jl.) F. sanguinea,'Ltv.). 



Host : F. rufiharhis 
var Jusco-rxifiharhis, 
Por. 



{d) D. dentata v. minor, 
Wasm. 

I ' 

(e) D. pi/gmcea v. denta- 

toides, Wasm. 

I 
(/) D. fygmcea, Wasm. 
{g) D. pygmeea v. nigri- 

luides, Wasm. (Host : 

i''; fiii'fa, L.) 



THE MYRMECOPHILOtJS COLEOPTEKA 335 

Dinarda hagensi and pygmcea have undoubtedly been evolved much more 
recently and have not perhaps become quite fixed, as they vary somewhat in 
tliemselves. 

It may be as well to reproduce here part of my translation of Wasmann's 
paper on the " Evolution of Dinarda,'' which appeared in the Zoologist for 
February 1908 : 

" As an instance of recent species building I brought forward in 1901 the 
genus Dinarda, in the Brachyelytra (Staphylinidce). It can be shown that 
our North and Central European two-coloured (red and black) forms of 
Dinarda, which are adapted to different species or races of the genus Formica, 
stand in different stages of species building. Two of these — Dinarda dentata 
(with F. sanguinea) and D. markeli (with F. rufa) — have already become 
throughout their area of distribution such constant forms that they have 
been hitherto not incorrectly treated as species. Two other nearly related 
forms, on the other hand — D. hagensi (with F. exsecta) and D. pygmma (with 
F. rufiharhis, and especially with the var. fusco-rufiharhis) — are still considered 
to be in the process of adaptation to their ant-hosts ; in some parts of the area 
of distribution of the latter they have already become well-defined forms : 
in other regions they still show numerous transitions towards D. dentata ; 
finally in others, no adaptation of Dinarda to F. exsecta and rufiharhis has 
yet taken place. We have also before us in these two forms of Dinarda, 
■s^'hich gradually approach in the path of variety and race-building, every 
stage of species building which has already been reached by Dinarda dentata 
and markeli. . . . The sooner the adaptation of Dinarda to F. exsecta and 
rufiharhis has taken place in a region, the more they are protected, through 
local isolation of the ants' nests in question from those of allied species of 
Formica (especially of F. sanguinea), and so much the further has also the dif- 
ferentiation of the forms of Dinarda in question progressed. This is most 
clearly shown as yet in the differentiation of D. pygmcea from its ancestral form 
dentata. Also as regards D. hagensi, some new facts have been added in 
the last two years, Avhich show that its adaptation to F. exsecta is not yet 
completed, but that in different points of its area of distribution it stands 
at different stages in the process of species building. Donisthorpe found a 
number of Dinarda with F. exsecta at Bournemouth, which come nearer to 
the typical examples taken by Von Hagens in the Siebengebirge in 1855 than 
the Dinardas taken by me at Linz on the Hhine with the same ant in 1893- 
1901. Most of these English examples show, just as Von Hagens's type, 
no raised keeled border to the elytra, but these organs are regularly arched, 
in which these examples even depart from the generic diagnosis of Dinarda 
('elytrorum margine laterali carinato '). Also the antennse are shorter 
and more compact than in D. dentata. On the other hand, the border of the 
elytra in the examples from Linz is distinctly raised and keeled, and the 
antennae are somewhat more slender than in dentata. In some of Donis- 
thorpe' s examples from England transitions between both the hagensi forms 
are noticeable in that the border of the elytra is sometimes feebly raised, and 
the antennse are less compact. Dinarda hagensi has evolved, at different points 
of its area of distribution, so far as to reach different stages towards a peculiar 



32G THE MYRMECOPHILOUS COLEOP.TERA 

form ; further, according to the specimens found up to the present, it has 
made the greatest progresss in the Siebengebirge, and in the South of England, 
which during ' diluvial ' times remained free from ice, and represents the 
oldest district for the adaptation of this Dinarda to F. exsecia. Should the 
process of differentiation which separates D. hagensi from dentata make still 
further progress elscAvhere, then D. hagensi covild not be included any more in 
the generic diagnosis of Dinarda, since the keeled border of the elytra of the 
latter has hitherto been regarded as essential. We must even define the 
whole group of Dinardini differently, since that keeled border of the elytra 
formed its most essential character ! ... It is perhaps better to reckon . . . 
our four two -coloured Dinarda forms as races, rather than as species in the 
strictest systematic sense. But, in any case, they offer races which stand at 
different stages in their evolution ; D. dentata and miirkeli, as far as concerns 
their constancy, have arrived nearer to ' trvie species ' than D. hagensi and 
'pygmcea.''' 

Some confusion has arisen in our literature on the subject, on account of 
the early captures of Dinarda all being recorded as dentata. Also the ants 
with which they occurred were incorrectly noted. D. pygincea was first taken, 
with us, by Reading near Plymouth in 1857. D. dentata was first captured by 
F. Smith at Weybridge, with its proper host, F. sanguinea, in 1860. D. 
miirkeli was recorded by Dillwyn as dentata from Swansea in 1829. It has 
been stated not to occur farther north than Scarborough, but Hislop took 
it with F. rufa at Kilhecrankie in 1860 (Zool. 1861, p. 7330). D. hagetisi was 
first discovered in this country by me at Bournemouth ^ith F. exsecta in 
1905, and I have since found it with the same ant in the Isle of Wight. Dinarda 
lays the eggs in the earth, and the larvae may often be found in some numbers 
in the nests. The copulation is similar to that of Lomecliusa. I have bred 
three of our species in my observation nests. 

Cetonia jloricola, and Clythra 4:-'piinctata only pass the early stages in the 
ants' nests. The former seeks the nests to lay her eggs in them, she bores 
into the hillock, and her body is too hard for the ants to injure her. I have 
found the larvae in some numbers in nests of F. rufa at Nethy Bridge in the 
Highlands, and have bred the perfect insect from them in my observation 
nests. The larva feeds on the vegetable refuse of the nest and constructs a 
cocoon in which to pupate. It does not use the legs for walking. When 
placed on a table, or on the floor, it turns over on its back and moves rapidly 
along by means of the bristles on the back, the legs being held up in the air. 

The latter exhibits mimicry, as it superficially resembles the lady-bird, 
Coccinella distincta, both species being found on and near the nests of Formica 
rufa. This is a case of Mullerian mimicry, as I have shown the Clythra to 
be distasteful to insectivora, and the Coccinellidce are known to be so. The 
life history of *Clythra 4:-jnmcfata, which I worked out in my observation nest 
of Formica rufa is briefly as follows : 

When the beetle has emerged from the pupa case in the nest, it escapes 
with caution, " feigning death," and holding on to twigs when attacked by 

* Trans. Ent. Soc. Lend. 1902, Part I, pp. 11-23, with Plate. 



THE MYRMECOPHILOUS COLEOPTERA 82-7 

the ants. It then seeks its mate and copulation takes place. The beetles 
are generally to be found on birch shrubs, the young shoots and leaves of 
which they eat, biting the top shoots right through. The $ then seeks a 
tree or shrub above or close to a nest of Formica rufa, and drops the eggs 
on the ground beneath. The eggs are covered by a case, or capsule, which 
is placed around it by the 5 » ^nd consists of her OAvn excrement. This cover- 
ing is placed in position with the posterior tarsi, the egg being held in a depres- 
sion of the abdomen. The covered egg looks exactly like a small bract, 
and is exceedingly like the end of a birch catkin. The ants pick up the 
covered egg and carry it into the nest. The young larva, which hatches in 
about twenty-one days, uses the egg-case as a nucleus on which to build 
the larval case ; thus very young larval cases have the egg-case still attached 
to their posterior end. The egg-case has a threefold raison d'etre — to protect 
the egg and newly-hatched larva, to make the ants believe it is a bit of useful 
vegetable refuse, and to give the larva a foundation on which to start the 
larval case. When the larval case grows larger, the egg-case breaks off, 
and the larva fills up the hole thus formed with the same material as that 
with which it builds the rest of the case. This material consists of its own 
excrement mixed with earth, which it prepares with its mandibles. To 
enlarge the case the larva removes particles from the inside, and plasters 
them on to the outside. The larva feeds on vegetable refuse in the nest. 
When changing its skin it fastens the case to some object in the nest. When 
full groAvn it fastens the case to a piece of wood or twig, and turning com- 
pletely round, changes to a pupa, facing the broader end of the case. When 
hatched the beetle gets out of the case at this broader end, by biting a circle 
round inside it, thus forming a cap, which it forces off. 

Among the species which have been recorded from ants' nests, but are 
generally found under other circumstances, may be mentioned — Hister 
marginatus, which has been recorded by Harwood with both Formica rufa 
and Lasius Juliginosus, but no doubt as chance visitors, as Joy has shown 
it to be a regular inhabitant of moles' nests. Prionocyphon serricornis has 
been recorded from nests of F. rufa, but these must have been chance speci- 
mens, and it has nothing to do with ants. Its larva is semi-aquatic, and 
lives in holes in trees full of water. I bred a number of specimens from larvae 
taken in the New Forest in a hole full of water in a felled oak. I reared them 
for two years in a bowl in my study. Labidostomis tridentata has also been 
recorded from ants' nests, but again I think it has no connection with ants. 
I have never found any trace of it, feither larvae or perfect insects, in ants' 
nests at Pamber Forest, where the beetle is abundant. The eggs which I 
have observed being laid in nature, are covered with a coating of excremen- 
tious matter by the female and fastened together, on birch leaves, by long 
thin threads of excrement. The young larvae feed on algte on bark ; they 
would never live in, or enter, my observation nests. Figures of these larvae 
and eggs, and the larva and pupa of the last species, will be found in the 
Entomologist's Record for May 1908. 

The following is a list of all the known British myrmecophilous species 
of beetles with their hosts. I would point out that ants' nests beetles in 



328 THE MYRMECOPHILOUS COLEOPTERA 

nature are most constant to their true hosts, and it is only singly, and by 
chance, that a species is found with another kind of ant. 

Homoeusa acuminata, Mark. Formica fusca, Lasius fuliginosus and niger. 

I once took it in a mixed nest of L. niger and flavus. 
Aleochara ruficornis, Gr. Formica rufa and fusca and Lasius fuliginosus. 

Microglossa fulla, Gyll. Lasius fuliginosus. I once took it with Formica 
rufa. Though it also occurs in carrion, and Dr. Joy has shown it breeds 
in birds' nests ; still it is regularly found with L. fuliginosus. 

Microglossa gentilis, Mark. Lasius fuliginosus. Also occurs in birds' nests, 
but is frequently abundant with this ant. 

Oxypoda vittata, Mark. Lasius fuliginosus. 

Oxypocla formic eticola, Mark. Formica rufa. 

Oxypoda recondita, Kr. Formica rufa. I have also taken it with F. san- 

guine.a. 
Oxypoda hcemorrhoa, Sahl. Formica rufa. I have also taken it with F, 

sanguinea, F. exsecta, and Lasius fuliginosus. 

ThiasopJiila angulata, Er. Formica rufa. 
Thiasophila inquilina, Mark. Lasius fuliginosus. 

Ilydbates glabriventris, Rye. Lasius fuliginosus. 

Dinarda miirkeli, Kies. Formica rufa. 

Dinarda dentata, Gr. Formica sanguinea. 

Dinarda hagensi. Wasni. Formica exsecta. 

Dinarda pygmcea, Wasm. Formica fusca, v. fusco-rufibarhis. 

Lomechusa strumosa, F. Formica sanguinea. 

Atemeles emarginatus, Pk. Primarj' hosts : Myrmica scahrinodis, Icevinodis, 

ruginodis and sulcinodis. Sscondary, Formica fusca. 
Atemeles paradoxus, Gr. Primary hosts : Myrmica scahrinodis, Icevinodis and 

ruginodis. Sscondary — Formica fusca, v. fusco-rufibarhis. 

Myrmedonia haivorthi, Steph. Lasius fuliginosus. 

Myrmedonia collaris, Pk. These two and the following species are not so 

truly myrmecophilous as the other Myrmedonias. It has been taken with 

Myrmica species, and I found it in numbers with its larvae in company with 

Myrmica Icevinodis. 
Myrmedonia limbata, Pk. Lasius fuliginosus and flavus, and Formica fusca. 

I have also taken it with Formica sanguinea, Lasius niger and 2Iyrmica 

species. 
Myrmedonia funesta, Gr. Lasius fuliginosus. 

Myrmedonia Juimeralis, Gr. Formica rufa, and Lasius fuliginosus. 
Myrmedonia cognata, Mark. Lasius fuliginosus. 
Myrmedonia lugens, Gr. Lasius fuliginosus. 
Myrmedonia laticollis, Mark. Lasius fuliginosus. 
Myrmoecia plicata, Er. Tapinoma erratica. 



THE MYRMECOPHILOUS COLEOPTERA 329 

Drusilla canaliculata, F. With various ants. I have taken it with Formica 
sangioinea, fusca and exsecfa, Lasius fuliginosus, flavus and niger, and species 
of Myrmica. 

Notothecta flavipes, Gr. Formica ruja. I once took it in numbers with F. exsecta. 
Notothecta confusa, Mark. Lasiiis fuliginosus. 

Nofofhecta anceps, Er. Formica ruja. I have also taken it with F. exsecta, in 
some numbers. 

Homalofa parallela, Man. Formica rufa. 

Lamprinus saginatus, Gr. With various species of Myrmica. I have taken 
it with Formica sanguinea. 

Quedius hrevis, Er. Formica ruja and Lasius fuliginosus. 

Xantliolinus atratus, Gr. Formica rufa. 

Leptacinus formicetorum, Mark. Formica rufa, 

Othius myrmecopliilus, Kies. With various ants. I have taken it with 
Formica rufa, sanguinea and exsecta, and Lasius fuliginosus. 

Scydmcenus godarti, Lat. Formica rufa. 

Claviger testaceus. Preys. Principal host, Lasius flavus. Secondly, L. alienus 
and niger. Claviger longicornis, Miill., is found on the Continent with 
Lasius umhratus, and ishould occur here. Father Schmitz shows that it 
is taken with this ant under heavy, deeply embedded stones.* 

Bythinus glahratus. Rye. Ponera contracta. 
Batrisus venustus, Reich. Lasius fuliginosus. 

Trichonyx viiirheli, Aub. Lasius flavus, Formica fusca and Myrmica species, 

Ptilium myrmecopliilum. All. Formica rufa. 

Ptenidium m'jrmecopliilum. Mots. Formica rufa and Lasius fuliginosus. 
Ptenidium hraatzi, Mat. Formica rufa. 

Coccinella distincta, Fald, Formica rufa. 

Hetcerius ferrugineus, 01. Formica fusca and sanguinea, and Lasixhs flavus. 
On the Continent it is found with several other species of ants. 

Dendrophilus pygmceus, L. Formica rufa. 

3Iyrmetes piceus, Pk. Formica rufa. 

Amphotis marginata, F. Lasius fuliginosus, 

Monotoma conicicollis, Aub. Formica rufa. 
Monotoma formicetorum, Th. Formica rufa. 

Cetonia floricola, Hbst. Larva and pupa with Formica rufa. 
Clythra (^uadripunctata, L. Larva and pupa with Formica rufa. 

* Since the above was written Commander Walker has found that he captured 
it near Oxford in 1906. (Ent. Mo. Mag., 1912, p. 100). 



330 THE MYRMECOPHILOUS COLEOPTERA 

The following species may be enumerated •which have been recorded 
with ants, but however, often, and probably generally occur elsewhere. 

CalUcerus rigidicornis, Er. With L. fuliginosus and niger, and F. rufa. 
Homalota analis, Gr. Frequently with Formica rufa and also with F. exsecta, 

&c. 
Homalota nitidula, Kr. Lasius fuliginosus. 
Hom.alota oblongiuscula. Slip. Lasius fuliginosus. 
Homalota exarata. Slip. Lasius fuliginosus. 

Heterotliops nigra, ( =• quadripunctula, Brit. Cat. ?) Dr. Joy has proved this 
species to be very abundant in moles' nests. I am not quite satisfied if 
specimens taken with Formica rufa and Lasius fuliginosus are the same 
species, they appear to me to be a little larger, the punctuation more 
alutaceous, and consequently not so shining. 

Staphylinus stercorarius, 01. This species has been taken on various occasions 

with ants, Myrmica scahrinodis and ruginodis, and Lasius jlavus, &c. 
Staphylinus latebricola, Gr. Has been recorded with Formica rufa. 

Medon bicolor, 01. Lasius Jlavus, &c. 

Leptinus testaceus, Miill. Lasius fuliginosus. 

Scydmcenus pusillus, Miill. Formica rufa and Lasius fuliginosus. 

Euthia j)licata, Gyll. Formica rufa. 

Triclionyx sulcicollis, Reich. In old stumps often in company with ants. 
Bedell records it with Ponera contracta near Paris. 

Ptenidium turgidum, Th. Often with ants. 
Ptenidium gressneri, Er. Lasius fuliginosus. 

Dendrophilus punctatus, Hbst. In birds' nests, dead animals, rotten Avood, 
hornets' nests, cellars, &c. It, however, frequently accurs with ants, both 
here and abroad. Lasius fuliginosus, Formica rufa, and I have bred it 
from a nest of Formica exsecta. 

Abraeus glohosus, Hoff. Lasius fuliginosus ; the larva was described by Penis 
from a nest of this ant. 

Corticaria serrata, Pk. Formica rufa, Lasius fuliginosus, &c. 

Cetonia aurata, L. Larva and pupa occasionally in the nests of Formica rufa. 



SUPT. PI>ATE I! 




Clnriijir tegfaccn.^, Preys. 



V0^*m^ 



lAiiiK-chusd stnniiosd. F., fed by host 
Fiiriiiica sdiii/iiiiii'd. Ltr. 




Host, Fi>niiird sdi)i/iiiiii(/. lAv., lickiiii;' Liiiiiirlinsd stniiiHisd, F. 







Laliial palpi of Loincchiisd 
xtniiiio.id, F. 





ft 




Larva of /.(iiiiccliiisa iitriiiiiosd, F, 



ff ■ 1^' 



I . \ 



Foriiiicn soii'/uined, Ltr. 
1. Dealated female. 2. Worker. 
3. Pseudogyne caused by the presence of 
Lomecluisd stniniona, F. 



1. Atemdes paradoxus, Gr. 
2. Ateme/es emarginatus, Pk. 



SUPT. PI.ATE C. 





Defeuce of Mi/riiiedoniafinicsfd, Gr.. « liuii 
attacked by host Lasiwifuh'giii"!<iis, Iav. 



Qi(c(liiis l/rerh, Er. 





» 



1 2 

1. hiiiardu (Icnitata, Gi\ 
•J. DiiHirda li(ff/enxi, Wasm. 



Hefwritts ferrugineun, Ol. 





Ampluitix iiifirf/iiKita, Er. 



Mt'tamorpliosus of C/i/tlira 
i-punctata, li. 



ADDENDA. 



CARABID^. 



Ophonus, Steph. In the Ent. Mo. Mag. for August, September, 
and October 1912 (pp. 181-185, 207-210, and 229-232), Dr. Sharp 
discusses the smaller, brown or blackish species of this genus, which 
have always been a source of great difficulty to collectors, both in 
Britain and on the Continent. He points out that while the OBdeagus 
does not present remarkably difterent characters, the lateral lobes being 
similar in all the species, yet the median lobe or body of the organ 
presents characters which, though slight, are extremely valuable, so 
that by their aid he has been enabled to discriminate the species in a 
satisfactory manner; and he finds that the group includes nine British 
species, or, if we include the brown variety of 0. az^creus, ten species. 
This means the addition of four species to our catalogues. They are 
1, hrevicoUis, Dej. ; 2, mfiharhis, F. ; 3, cordahts, Duft. ; 4, rnjncola, 
Sturm,; 5, riqncoloides, sp. n. ; G, chavipioni, sp. n. ; 7, ^J«^•rtZ?eZ^(s, 
Dej. (?) ; S, rectangulus, Thoms ; 9, ^luncticollis, Payk. ; 10, azureus, 
F. v., si7nilisT)ej. 

In brevicoUis, cordatus, and rufiharhis the sedeagus terminates in a 
blunt point ; in the other species it terminates by a raised margin, 
which, when very strongly expressed, projects a little on each side in 
the form of a sharp angle. Transitions occur, but in addition to this 
the organ presents important diflerences in length, calibre, curvature, 
torsion, the thickness of the apical portion, and the extension of the 
median orifice towards the tip. These characters are very constant, 
and are found to go with the various external characters by which the 
species may be discriminated without reference to the a^leagus, 
although the differences cannot well be tabulated. 

O. brevicoUis, Dej. (Sp. iv., 218). This species may be 
distinguished by its short broad thorax with sharply marked rect- 
angular hind angles, by the punctuation of the thorax being very 
scanty on the disc, and by the fact that the punctuation of the elytra 
tends to become diminished, and though somewhat coarse is frequently 
sub-obsolete. The colour is generally fusco-piceous, with the head 
and thorax often lighter and almost rufescent in some cases. The 
length is variable (6-8 mm.). The fedeagus has a blunt short tip, 
the apex being minutely curved, but without an actual raised margin. 

This is apparently our most abundant species, and is widely 

331 



332 ADDENDA 

distributed throughout the country. It is probably identical with the 
0. cribellnm of Stephens, 

O. rufibarbis, Fab. (Syst. El. i., 201, ICS (?). Dej. (Sp. iv., 218, 
24). This is the largest form of the group, the length varying from 
8 to 10 mm. The thorax is always longer than it is in brevicollis, and 
the punctuation is greater ; the hind angles are rectangular and well 
marked, and there is no trace of a basal margin. The sedeagus is 
plainly larger than in brevicollis, and is more contorted, with a 
considerably broader apical margin. 

The species is not common, and does not vary much either in colour 
or punctuation. Even in immature examples the head and thorax 
are not brightly rufescent. I took a good series with Dr. Sharp at 
Swaffham Prior, in Cambridgeshire, on the Devil's Dyke in 1892, and it 
occurs at Oxford, Chatham, Mickleham, etc. 

O. cordatus, Dufts. (Faun. Aust. II., 100). This species has the 
thorax much rounded at the sides in front and much nariowed behind, 
the sides there becoming parallel for a short distance, so that the angles 
ai'e quite rectangular. There is a fine but distinct raised margin along 
the base. The species is easy to distinguish, except that it is occasionally 
confused with 0. riqncola. The latter, however, has not got the sides 
behind truly parallel, and the base is not margined. The ajdeagus, too, 
is very diflerent, being very like that of 0. rnfiharbis, but considerably 
shorter. This is always a scarce insect as British : most of our 
examples are from Deal, but it has been taken by Mr. Champion at 
Mickleham and Croydon. My note on the species (Brit. Col., i., 45) 
must be cancelled in the face of Dr. Sharp's remarks (I.e., p. 185). 

O. rupicola, Sturm. (Deutsch. Ins., iv., 105). This, Dr. Sharp 
says, is one of the easiest of the species to recognise on account of the 
comparatively elongate and flat form and the shining elytra with 
unusually coarse punctuation ; this sculpture, however, is rather denser 
and finer in the female than it is in the male. The thorax is ample, 
but a good deal narrowed behind, and that in a somewhat variable 
manner, as the sides are sometimes only very slightly, sometimes 
distinctly, sinuate posteriorly. When the sides are most sinuate the 
hind angles approach nearly to being rectangular, but they are always 
slightly obtuse, and there is no basal margin. The colour varies, the 
head and thorax being sometimes rather bright red, but they are 
seldom as dark as the elytra. The size runs from C>^ to 9^ mm. The 
fedeagus is remarkable on account of the broad strongly margined 
apical portion. The species is apparently widely distributed, and some- 
times occurs in numbers in the South of England. It cannot, however, 
be called common. 

O. rupicoloides. Sharp (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlviii. (2 Ser. xxiii. 1912, 
208). Dr. Sharp says that he believes that this insect is largely responsible 
for the confusion as to our forms, as he has found it mixed in collections 
with several of the other species. It is allied to 0. rupicola through 
the sedeagus, but may always be distinguished by its shorter form, and 



ADDENDA 3'33 

by the less coarse punctuation of the elytra, and the fact that the 
thorax always has the sides less convei'gent behind. From 0. rectangnlus 
( = puncticoUis of collections) it may be known by its less elongate elytra, 
less densely punctured thorax, and the less distinct traces of the basal 
margin of the latter. 0. brevicollis, with which it has been confused, 
has a broader thorax, with less punctuation, and sharply marked, 
almost acute, posterior angles. The length varies from G.r to 
7^ mm. 

Probably not a great rarity in Southern England. Medway district 
(Chatham and the Isle of Sheppey) (Walker) ; Bembridge, Isle of 
Wight (Fowler); Guildford (Champion); ^lickleham (Sharp); Weymouth 
(J. T. Harris). 

O. championi, Sharp (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlviii. (2 Ser. xxiii.) 1912, 
209). It seems a little doubtful whether this species is really distinct 
from 0. riqncoloides, but Dr. Sharp thinks that the characters are 
sufficient to distinguish it. It has the thorax a little difterent in 
shape, more scantily punctured, rather less sinuate at the sides, with 
the hind angles slightly more sharply marked, though really more 
obtuse ; the a3deagus is shorter and thicker, with a shorter and stouter 
apical pox'tion. The wings are shorter, more blunt at the tips, with the 
narrower or the apical portion more obsolete than in any other species 
(except 0. azitreus, in which they are rudimentary). Guildford (Sharp 
and Champion) ; four specimens. 

The species is very like large examples of 0. 2}Ci'>'aUehis, but differs 
by the less distinct basal margin of the thorax, as well as by the 
slightly different size and punctuation of the latter. 

O. rectangulus, Thoms. (Op. Ent. 1870, 323). This is the species 
which we regard as common under the name of 0. jmnctlcoUis, but 
Thomson in 1870 considered that 0. 2)uncticoUis really consisted of two 
species, and described one of them as new, under the name of 0. 
rectangulus. Dr. Sharp agrees with Thomson as to their distinctness, 
and says that we have both uf them in this country. The thorax in 
O. rectangulus is a good deal narrower than the elytra, and slightly but 
quite definitely sinuate at the sides, the hind angles being nearly but not 
quite rectangular. The punctuation of the thorax is rather close, but 
a good deal more sparing on the disc, and the punctures are not very 
large, so that in contrast with most of the other species of the genus it 
might be described as finely punctured. Tiie punctuation of the elytral 
interstices is always close and moderately fine, and the serial or 
accessory punctures on the third and fifth interstices are unusually 
conspicuous and numerous. The pedeagvis is remarkable for the 
slenderness of its apical portion, which ends as a very definite raised 
ridge. The size varies fiom 7 to 9 mm., and the colour from pitchy- 
black to a dark rusty brown, but there is never a strong contrast 
between the red head and thorax and dark elytra. The thorax varies 
in length, sinuation of sides, definiteness of the hind angles, and the 
margination of the base ; the insect, therefore, is difficult to distinguish 



334 ADDENDA 

by external characters. Widely distributed, especially in the south of 
England. 

O. puncticoUis, Payk. (Faun. Suec. I. 120). Undoubtedly, Dr. 
Shai'p says, very similar to the preceding, but easy to recognise by the 
thorax, which is broader in front, so that it is very nearly as broad as 
the elytra, strongly sinuated at the sides, and with the definite hind 
angles almost absolutely rectangular ; the punctures on it are coarser 
and less numerous, and the surface is more highly polished. The 
a^deagus is much the same as in 0. rectanr/ulus, but a little thicker, the 
apical portion being definitely less slender ; the basal margin of the 
thorax appears to vary much as in 0. rectangidus. 

Caterham (W. E. Sharp); Guildford (Sharp and Champion); 
Down, Kent (Wollaston) ; Cholsey, Berks (Walker). About a dozen 
British examples are known, so that the insect is decidedly rare, as far 
as is at present known. It appears possible that it may only be an 
extreme form of 0. rectangulus, as the difl:eience in the wdeagus is only 
slight ; but Dr. Sharp says that he attaches some importance to this 
slight difference, as he has examined the organ in several variations of 
0. rectaiKjuhis. 

O. parallelus, Dej. (Spec. iv. 219). Allied to 0. rectangidus, but 
smaller (5-7 mm.), and with the thorax shorter. It is hard to dis- 
tinguish a large female of 0. ^Jorrt?/eZ?ts from a small female of 0. 
rectangulus ; but the males are distinct, the a?deagus in the former 
being considerably broader and shorter than in the latter. The basal 
margin of the thorax is generally fairly distinct, sufficiently so to 
prevent large specimens of parallelus from being mistaken for species 
of other groups, such as hrevicoUis, chamjyioni, or rujncoloides. 

Rare ; Deal ; Chatham ; Sheppey ; Eastbourne ; Southsea ; Port- 
land ; Sandown, Isle of Wight ; Caterham. I have a specimen 
labelled as from Hunstanton, Norfolk. The only other species that 
can be confounded with any of the above is the var. similis Dej. of 0. 
azureus. This insect usually has a slight metallic tinge, but is some- 
times without it and is then quite dark ; in most cases it may be known 
by the very much reduced wings, the insect being quite incapable of 
flight. The sides of the thorax are rounded, without sinuation, and the 
hind angles are qviite obtuse ; the pedeagus is much as in O.o-ii'picoloides. 

Whether Coleoptorists in general agree with Dr. Sharp in all his 
determinations or not, it must bo allowed that he has made the only 
serious attempt that has been made to grapple with one of the most 
difficult groups in our coleopterous fauna. 

HALIPLID^. 

In the Entomologist's Monthly Magagine for July, 1911, p. 153, 
Mr. F. Balfour Browne announces his discovery of a new British species 
of the Halvplus ruficollis group, for which he proposes the name of 
nomax, and promises to describe it in a following paper on the group, 



ADDENDA 335 

if it should prove to be new to science. I am not awai'e that tlie paper 
has yet appeared. Tlie male is at once distinguished by the form of thei 
fedeagus, which differs from that of all the other species of the group, 
and it has the claws of the anterior tarsi practically equal in length, 
which separates it from ruficollis, fulvicollis, icehnckei, and immamlatus. 
One easily seen character also distinguishes it from all the other species 
of the group, and that is the shape of the basal segment of the median 
tarsi. This has a very noticeable curve VN'hen viewed laterally, and gives 
the impression of a portion having been neatly taken out of the inner 
mai'giu. Mr. Balfour Browne believes that the female has the inter- 
strial spaces of the elytra finely punctured throughout, as desciibed by 
Edwards in the female of //. ruficollis, De G. 

The species is found in England, Scotland, and Ireland, in lakes and 
canals, and large drains of clear water. 

HYDROPHILID^. 

Laccobius, Er. Mr. J. Edwards (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlviii. (2 Ser. 
xxiii.) 1912, p. 210) gives a useful table for the sepai\ation of the species 
of this difficult genus by the "goggles " or specula on the front of the 
labrum, a character first noticed by Dr. Sharp (v. p. 20) : we append the 
table as far as it concerns the specula. 

I. Specula present, 

i. Specula sub-circular. 

L. NIC4RICEPS, Thorns, (simiatus Fowler nee. Mots.). 
L. puRPURAscEJsS, Newbery, L. ytynensis, Sharp. 
ii. Specula wider than long. 

1. Specula about twice as wide as long. 

L. siNUATUs, 3fots. (phlongus, Gorh.). L. regularis, Rei/. 
(scutellaris, Sharjj nee. Mots.). 

2. Specula about four times as Avide as long. 
L. ALUTACEUS, Thoms. 

II. Specula absent. 

L. MINUTUS, L., L. BIGUTTATUS, Germ, {hipunctatus, Fowler 

nee. Fab.) 

STAPHYLINID.ffi. 

Homalota (Hydrosmecta) muiri. Sharp. Depressed, black, with 
the tibia} externally, and the tarsi, of a dirty testaceous colour, extremely 
thickly punctured and with thick and yet almost imperceptible pubes- 
cence ; antennfe slender, with the apical joint slightly thicker ; head 
subquadrate, thorax not transverse, slightly narrowed behind. The 
insect may be separated from its close allies by its blacker colour, the 
excessive minuteness of its dense pubescence, and the slight thickening 
of the outer joints of the antennas. L. 2J-2J mm. 



33G ADDENDA 

First taken by Mr. Muir, and afterwards by Dr. Sharp, in shingle 
on the banks of one of the small rivers in the New Forest, in August 
1911 (v. Ent. Mo. Mag. xlvii. (2 Series xxii.) 1911, 227). 

It must be admitted that this species comes extremely close to 
II. longida and one or two other closely allied species, and its specific 
value may be regarded as to some degree doubtful. The external sexual 
differences are very slight. 

H. (Atheta) liliputana, Bris. Very similar to II. amicula, Steph., 
from which it is distinguished by its smaller size, more shining thorax 
and elytra, and much more scattered punctuation. Black, rather shin- 
ing, elytra brown, legs brownish-yellow. Head broad, antennae rather 
short, the last joint nearly double as broad as long. Thorax narrower 
than elytra, rather strongly transverse, with the sides only slightly 
rounded, very finely and not thickly punctured, and veiy finely pubes- 
cent with fine cilia at the sides. Elytra about one-third longer than 
thorax, very finely and somewhat spainngly punctured, finely pubescent. 
Hind body shining, the first three visible segments very finely and 
rather sparingly punctured, the others very sparsely punctured. L. 
Ij mm. 

Taken by Dr. Malcolm Cameron near Brockenhurst in small car- 
cases, and introduced by him as British (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlvii. (2 Ser. 
xxii.) October 1911, p. 223). 

This is a very small and obscure species ; in point of size it is 
intermediate betAveen H. inquinula and H. mortzcoruon ; from the 
former of these it may be known by its broader and more robust build, 
broader and flatter head, and different sculpture, while the smaller size, 
much more shining head and thorax, and more finely punctured hind 
body will distinguish it from H. inortuorum. 

Oligota ytenensis, Sharp (Ent. Mo.Mag.xlviii. (2 Ser. xxiii.) 1912, 
p. 121:). Very small, narrow, and sub-linear; black, with the antennae 
and legs red, the club of the former fuscous ; head and thorax very 
shining, antennte rather short, the club abrupt, the eighth joint con- 
siderably longer than the very short seventh joint ; elytra intensely 
black, rather strongly punctured, wings aborted ; last segments of the 
hind body only slightly paler than the preceding. L. IJ mm. (in quite 
fresh specimens). 

In decaying sea-weed, Lymington, very rare ; Dr. Sharp also has a 
specimen from Edinbvirgh, which he believes was not found in sea-weed. 

Dr. Sharp says that this very distinct little species may be placed 
between 0. atomaria and 0. pitsilUma. It has much the appearance 
of 0. atoina7'ia, but may at once be distinguished by the small elytra, 
which are scarcely longer, and almost narrower, than the thorax. It 
is narrower and darker than 0. pusillima, and both of these species 
have elongate wings, whereas in 0. ytene^isis the wing is only about the 
length of the elytra. 

Gyrophsena bihamata, Thorns. (Ofv. Vet. Ak. Forh. 18G7, 46 ; 
Skand. Col. ix. 230). Keddish-yellow, with the head greyish-black, the 



ADDENDA 337 

disc of the thorax usually brownish, and a spot at the hind angle of the 
elytra and a transverse band before the apex of the hind body blackish ; 
sometimes entirely yellow, with the head only black ; antenna? with 
joints 0-10 transverse, dark with light base ; thorax strongly transverse, 
rather strongly rounded, but less so than in G. nana, with two shallow 
rows of punctures on the disc, and two or three punctures on the out- 
side of each of these ; elytra longer than the thorax, very finely and 
sparingly punctured, more thickly at the posterior angles; in the male 
the penultimate dorsal segment is furnished with six small longitudinal 
tubercles or carina?, and the last terminates in two long narrow pro- 
cesses with a considerable space between these. L. IJ-lf mm. 

Bei'kshire and Hampshire (Joy) ; near Cardifi' (Tomlin) ; West- 
morland (Day) ; probably widely distributed. 

The females are hard to distinguish from those of G. Icevipennis, Kr., 
but the male characters are quite distinct from those of the latter 
species, in which the last ventral segment is only slightly notched. 

G. ConvexicoUis, Joy (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlviii (2 Ser. xxiii) 
1912, 149. Fig 12, p. 150). Broad, pitchy black, elytra, except 
postero-external angles, rather obscurely yellowish ; first two segments 
of hind body sometimes pitchy red ; antennfe yellow, fuscous at apex ; 
legs yellow. Penultimate joints of antenna? distinctly transverse ; thorax 
strongly transverse, more convex than in any of its allies, with a more 
or less distinct row of punctures on each side of disc, or only one 
large punctui-e on each side near base, sides impunctate, elytra transverse; 
alutaceous, diffusely but distinctly and rather deeply punctured at the 
postero-external angles, impunctate in scutellary region ; hind body 
alutaceous, finely and rather closely punctured ; male with the penulti- 
mate dorsal segment of hind body furnished with four small round 
tubercles near posterior margin, the last terminating in two sharp teeth 
separated by a considerable interval. L. 1|-1| mm. 

Occurring in marshy places, like its nearest ally G. lucidula, Theale 
and Thatcham, Berks, three males in fiood rubbish (Joy) ; Yarnton 
near Oxford, among wet dead sticks in a swamp (Walker). 

Dr. Joy gives good figures of the last dorsal segments of the hind 
body in all the British species (I.e., p. 150), which should be consulted 
by all students of the genus. 

Lathrobium ripicola, Czwalina (Deutsch. Ent. Zeits. 1888, 344 
{boreale Muls. et Bey. Pederiens. 39)). Mr. Newbery (Ent. Mo. Mag. 
xlviii (2 Ser. xxiii), 1912, 125), points out that this is the insect stand- 
ing in our collection as L. horeale, Hoch., a name which has been dropped 
altogether, as no insect with the male characters given by Hochhuth 
appears to be in existence. From L. Icuvlpenne, Heer, which it closely 
resembles, it may be known by its larger size, red coxse, the finer and 
closer punctuation of the head, and especially by the male characters ; 
in this sex the penultimate ventral segment of the hind body has a row 
of converging black hairs on each side, which are absent in L. kevijjenne ; 
from L. geminum, Kr., and L. elongatum, L., it may be known by its 

Y 



338 ADDENDA 

smaller size, red coxfe, the less black colour on the elytra (these are 
almost entirely red with a narrow band of black just at base), the much 
finer punctuation of the head, and the weaker hairs on the rows on the 
penultimate segQient of the male ; the thorax is also longer in proportion 
to its breadth than in these two species. 

Ganglbauer mentions L. rijyicola as rare ; Newbery says it does not 
appear to be rare, and he has seen specimens from Surrey, Hampshire 
and Carlisle ; these species of Lathrohmm, however, ai-e veiy much 
mixed in our collections, and require careful working out. 

*Bledius secernendus, Joy (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlvii (2 Ser. xxii), 
1911, p. 2G9. {B. secerdend'us in error). Black with the apical border 
and posterior angles of the elytra, broadly brownish testaceous ; mandibles 
long and slender ; first joint of antennse pitchy, with extreme base and 
apex testaceous, the other joints obscurely testaceous ; head and thorax 
dull, aliitaceous, moderately strongly punctured, the latter with a deep 
central line, and strongly contracted at base ; elytra broader than 
thorax, about one-third longer than broad, closely and moderately 
strongly punctured ; hind body shining, finely alutaceous and obsoletely 
punctured ; femora pitchy, tibipe pitchy-testaceous, tarsi testaceous. 
L. 3|- mm. 

Probably widely distributed throughout the British Islands ; Dr. 
Joy has taken it at Tresco, Scilly Isles, and Cloghane co. Kerry. 

This insect is in many of our collections as a dark form of 
B. arenarius ; from this species it difiers in being larger and thicker 
with the antennae rather darker ; the head and thorax are more 
strongly sculptured ; the central line of the thorax is deeper and its 
sides are more abruptly contracted at base, the basal portion being longer 
and the posterior angles more prominent ; the elytra, besides being 
much darker, are more strongly punctured ; the tibife, moreover, are a 
little more dilated, with the spines longer. 

B. arenarius, Payk, var. minor, Muls. et Rey. (Hist. Nat. Col. 
Er. Oxypoi'iens, Oxytelins, p. 1!)2). This is a dark form of the typical 
B. arenarius; it resembles superficially jB. secernewr/«s, Joy, but, apart 
from colour, difiers in the characters mentioned as distinguishing that 
t^pecies, the most obvious being the much finer central line of the thorax 
and the less strongly punctured head. It was introduced as Bledius 
arenarius, var. fergussoni, by Dr. Joy (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlviii (2 Ser. 
xxiii), 1912, 44), on a sei'ies taken by Mr. Anderson Eergusson at 
Knoweside, Ayrshire, on the sandbanks of small streams on the shore, 
just above high water mark, in company with the type form and 
B. terebrans. 

Lesteva longelytrata, var. maura, Er. Gen Spec. Staph. 856. 
In the European catalogue of Heyden Reitter and Weise L. longelytrata 
is regarded as synonymous with sixteen other insects, all of which have 

* Mons. Bondroit points out in a paper just received (Ann. Soc. Ent. Belgique 
Ivi, 1912, p. 450) that the serdendus, Joy, is identical with £. subniger, Schneid. 
Thiere Bork, 1878, p. 02. 



ADDENDA 339 

been described as distinct by various authors : one of these is the 
Z. maura of Erichson, whicli is a black, rather i^hiny insect with thick, 
greyish pubescence : tlie legs are either black or rnfo-piceous. 

Mr. Donisthorpe records the variety from the Isle of Eigg, Scotland. 
(Ent. Kecord. xxiv. VM'!, 13). 

Lesteva luctuosa, Eauvel. Faune Gallo-Rhenane iii. 103. 
This species appears to be most closely related to L. pandellei, Fauv., 
an insect which may veiy likely be found in Britain, but is more 
elongate ; both the species have the head furnished with two deep 
impressions : from L. longehjtrata it may be separated by its less 
parallel form and closer punctuation, and, as a rule, by its dark colour : 
the antennpe towards the apex, the last joint of the palpi and the legs 
are ferruginous ; the base of the palpi and the tarsi are yellow. Super- 
ficially it is like L.fontinalis, but differs in the colour of the legs (the 
contrast between the yellow tarsi and red apex of the tibife and the 
dark legs being most striking) : the elytra, moreover, are longer and the 
punctuation of the thorax and elytra is stronger and moie regular. 
The thorax is a little longer and more contracted at the base, and the 
eyes are larger, with coarser facets. 

Length, 4 — 4^ mm. 

One specimen taken by Mr. Donisthorpe on the Isle of Eigg, Scot- 
land, in moss in a waterfall on the high ground near Beinn Teighe on 
September 17, 1911, and recorded by him as new to Britain (Ent. 
Record, xxiii. 1911, 301). M. Fauvel speaks of the species as found 
very rarely under refuse and stones, half submerged on the borders of 
torrents in the mountains. 

Planeustomus (Compsochilus) flavicollis, Fauvel. Faune 
■Gallo-Rhenane iii. 129. Closely allied to I\ j)alpalis, Er, but smaller, 
more slender and more depressed ; the eyes aie much smaller and the 
antennte ai'e shorter, with the joints more strongly transverse ; the 
thorax in the centre with two more or less obsolete rows of somewhat 
widely separated punctures : elytra shorter than in P. jjcdpalis, about as 
long as the thorax, with traces of punctured stria? at the base, and with 
smaller scattered punctures behind: abdomen more widened behind. 
Front part yellow, elytra and the antennse, except the first two joints, 
ferruginous, hind body brown. 

Length, 2 mm. 

One specimen found by Dr. Sharp in flood rubbish at Brockenhuist. 
New Forest, June, 1912. (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlviii. (2nd Ser. xxiii.) 
1912, 162). 

This is one of the most interesting of the recent additions to the 
Bi'itish list of Coleoptera. 

PSELAPHID^. 

Bryaxis longicornis, Leach. Zool. Misc. iii, p. 85. ]\lr. Jennings 
(Ent. Mo. Mag. xlviii. (2 Ser. xxiii), 1912, G4) records a specimen of 



340 ADDENDA 

this species from Roydon, West Essex, in which the elytra are entirely 
black ; this form is alluded to by Ganglbauer as very rarely found on 
the continent (Col. Mitt. Europ ii. 800), but has not apparently bpen 
named, and should be inserted in our lists as var. nigripennis. AVe 
probably also possess the entirely light red form, or light red with dark 
abdomen [nigrojiygialis Fairm.), although I have not seen a marked 
example of this. 

Reichenbachia (Bryaxis) impressa, Panz. Favin. Germ. 89, 10, 
var. unicolor, Collin's Ent. Mo. Mag. xlvii. (2 Ser. xxii.), 1911, 27G. 
This variety has been mistaken for B. juncorum : it has occurred iu 
Cheshire (Dutton) and at Yarnton, Oxon ; the difl'erence from the type 
form is merely that of colour, the specimens differing from the type foi-m 
in being uniformly reddish testaceous ; it is possible, as Mr. Collins hints, 
that this is in part, if not entirely, due to immaturity. The variety is 
not noticed by Ganglbauer or in the last European catalogue. 

If Bryaxis (Leach) (containing B. longicornis [sangidnea)a.i!\d. B. gigas) 
is regarded as a separate genus, as seems correct, Reichenhachia (Leach 
Zool. Journ. Lond. ii., 1826, 451) must be adopted for the other species 
that formerly were included under Br>/axis : Saulcy's name, Ryhaxis, 
cannot be allowed to stand. 

Claviger longicornis, Miill. Germ. Mag. iii. (85). This species 
may be at once known from G. testaceus Preyssl., by its decidedly larger 
size and broader build, and especially by the much narrower head and 
more elongate antennae ; these latter are relatively long and slender, 
with the terminal joint forming an abrupt club. 

Five examples of this much sought for species were taken by 
Commander Walker in 190G in quarries near the river Cherwell, some 
seven or eight miles north of Oxford, in nest of a small black ant ; they 
were put away in a store box as C. testaceus, and only recently recog- 
nised as another species. They were taken under flat pieces of oolitic 
limestone of moderate size, none of them exceeding a foot square and 
seven or eight pounds in weight. 

Mr. Donisthorpe says that the usual host of C. longicornis on the 
continent is Zasius utnbratus Nyl, and that it is found most freely in 
April in nests of this ant under large and deeply embedded stones. 

SILPHID.S:. 

Catops montivagus, Heer. (Faun, Col. Helv. i. 381). Tin's 
insect is very closely allied to C. tristis, Panz., and is, in fact, regarded 
as synonymous with it in the European catalogue of Heyden, Reitter 
and Weise. It is, however, darker than C. tristis in colour, and may be 
known by its longer and narrower throax, which is bisinuate at base, and 
by its longer elytra. The first five joints of the antennte are rufo- 
testaceous, the eighth the smallest, much narrower than the following, 
the last shortly ovate, scarcely longer than the preceding ; the thorax 
has the sides slightly rounded, and is very densely sculptured and 



ADDENDA 341 

clothed with thick yellow pubescence ; elyti^a oblong-ovate, very closely 
punctured, with a distinct sutural stria on each ; femora pitchy black. 

Length 3 J mm. 

Nethy Bridge, Scotland, under a dead squirrel; taken on June 27, 1911, 
by Mr. Donisthorpe, who introduced the species as British (Ent. Record 
xxiv., 1012, p. 71). 

Murray, in his monograph of the genus Catops considers C. 
'iiwntivagus to be a variety of C. tristis, but he also includes C. longidus 
and C grandicollis as varieties of the same species, although they are 
now regarded as good and distinct species. Mr. Donisthorpe, in intro- 
ducing the insect, thinks that it may be as well to consider it as a 
variety for the present. At any rate it cannot be regarded as synon3'mous 
with the type form of C. tristis. 

Liodes stenocoryphe, Joy. Ent. ]\[o. Mag. xlvii. (2 Ser, xxii.), 
1911, 173. The following is Dr. Joy's description of this species: — 

Oblong ovate, ferruginous with head and thorax darker; head large, 
iilmost as large as in L. triepkei., rather closely and distinctly punctured, 
with four larger punctures on forehead; antennae long, ferruginous with 
the club dark, the latter broad, as broad as in L. calcarata, but with 
last joint much narrower ; throax a little narrower than elytra, broader 
at the middle, with the sides strongly contracted before and behind, 
base with an exti-emely shallow sinuation at sides in male, truncate in 
female, posterior angles obtuse, strongly and rather closely punctured ; 
elytra twice as long as thorax, not much rounded at sides, strise very 
strongly and closely punctured, more strongly than in L. calcarata, 
interstices finely but distinctly punctured, alternate ones with a few 
larger punctures ; legs elongate, tibiae narrow, tarsi long and slender. 

Male. Under plate of posterior femora with a very small blunt lobe 
at the apex, corresponding with the lobe on the upper plate ; tibias with 
a double curve, and inwards near the apex as in L. curta ; fedeagus 
broad, parallel-sided, except for a slight constriction in the middle, apex 
evenly rounded, quite obtuse, side margins somewhat thickened. 

Length 2| mm. 

From L. calcarata and L. triepkei the species is distinguished by the 
practically truncate base of the thorax, smaller last joint of antennae, 
and the more strongly punctured striaj of the elytra ; the head is larger 
than in L. calcarata and the sides of the thorax more rounded. The 
aadeagus is broader and more parallel-sided, and more rounded at the 
apex than in any of the allied species. 

A pair of this insect was taken by Mr. W. E. )Sharp in 1910 at Forres, 
Invernesshire. 

HISTERID^. 

Acritus minutus, Herbst. Kiif. iv. (1792) 41, t. 4G, fig. 4. Mr. 
James Edwards (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlviii. (2nd Ser. xxiii.) 1912, 186) 
points out tliat there is no evidence that this species has ever occurred 



342 ADDENDA 

in this country. All the specimens in our collections appear to be ^ . nigri- 

cornis, Hofl'm. The differences between the two species are as follows : 

Pronotum without a transverse row of punc- 
tures near the base. Habitat under bark 
and in rotten wood (according to one 
author, generally with ants) . . .A. minutus, Ilerhst. 

Pronotum with a slightly impressed sinuous 
row of punctures near the base. Habitat 
in decaying vegetable matter . . . A. xigricornis, i/o^7?i. 

At present no one appears to possess a British Acritus without a row 
of punctures at the base of the thorax, and living under bark or in 
rotten wood, but there is every reason to believe that A. vi'mutus will 
be found, if looked for, as it is widely spread over nearly all Europe, 
and is not rare. 

COCCINELLID^. 

Mysia oblongoguttata, var. nigroguttata, Dollman, Ent. 
Record xxiv. l'J12, p. 5o, Plate ii. In form, sculptui'e and size the 
variety resembles the type-form, but the elytra, which are usually quite 
free from black markings, exhibit six well detined black spots, and the two 
dark longitudinal lines on the thorax that are sometimes visible in normal 
specimens are very strong and thick, the dark colour x-eaching the base 
and ceasing before apex : the clubs of the antennae, the femora and the 
tibite in part are also black : the elytra are light testaceous brown with 
the mai'gins somewhat lighter, with the usual light longitudinal lines 
and oblong spots, but each of the latter is maiked with a very defined jet- 
black centre ; the inner spot or centre of disc is very small, but distinct. 

One specimen taken from Pinus si/lvesiris at Oxshott, Surrey, on 
July 4, 1911, by Mr. Dollman. 

The dark elytral markings are interesting and I have not seen them 
in any specimen : I have however an example is my collection without 
locality, in which the whole central portion of the thorax is dark, except 
a small spot at base, and the tibise are almost entirely black. 

CLERID^. 

Thanasimus rufipes, Brahm. Hoppe. Tschb. 1797, 13G. Closely 
allied to 2\ foriaicarins L., but smaller on an average, with almost 
entirely red legs and antennte ; the head and thorax are much more 
finely and sparingly punctui^ed ; the basal red colour of the elytra is 
broader, and the first band of white pubescence lies entirely in this red 
band, and not in the black band, as is the case in T. formicarius. 

Length G|^ mm. 

Nethy Bridge, Scotland. About half-a-score specimens taken by 
Professor Hudson Beare by beating the tops of felled Scotch fir trees ; 
it will probably be found in some numbers, now that it has been 
recognised as a distinct species ; it has been recorded from northern, 



ADDENDA 343 

central and southern Europe. This is a very interesting addition to 
our fauna; we now possess both the European species of Thanasimus as 
British. 

SCARAB^ID^. 

Aphodius punctato-sulcatus, Sturm, var. obscurellus, 

Schilsky, Deutsch., Ent. Zeits. l.s.s.S, p. 315. This insect is a melanic 
variety, in which the usual fuscous blotch on the elytra is much darkened, 
and so expanded as to leave only a narrow stripe near the suture, and a 
narrow space at base, sides and apex yellowish. The sides of the thorax 
also are very rarely pale ; as a rule this very common species shows 
very little tendency to aberration. 

Deal : Taken by Mr. F. B. Jennings and Mr. F, Bouskell. 

HALTIC-ff!. 

Chaetocnema conducta, Muls. Bull. Mosc. 1838, ii., 180, A small 
species, ovate and convex, with the head and thorax greenish bronze, and 
tlie elytra testaceous with the suture, the shoulders, and the edge of 
the lateral margin dark ; under side black, shining ; the dark sutural 
band is somewhat variable ; antennae moderate, reddish with the apex 
darker ; head and thorax very closely but distinctly punctured ; scutellum 
smooth and rounded behind ; elytra and thorax together forming a short 
oval, with regular rows of distinct punctures ; interstices very finely 
sculptured ; legs reddish testaceous, posterior femora entirely, anterior 
and intermediate femora partly, black. 

Length 1|- mm. 

Two specimens of this very distinct and interesting species were 
captured by E. Charles Horrell in Forge Valley, near Scarloorough, in 
1911, by sweeping herbage. Mr. Horrell has searched for it again this 
year (1912), but without success, as he had hardly any opportunity of 
collecting in the locality. It will probably, however, be found in some 
numbei^s, and probably in other localities, as it occurs (for the most part in 
damp places on the margins of ditches and streams) in Southern France, 
the Alpine region of Switzerland, the Austrian Tyrol, and throughout 
the southern portion of Europe fi-om Spain to the Caucasus, as well as 
in Algeria and Sj'ria. 

Iiongitarsus plantago-maritimus, Dollman. Ent. Record xxiv. 
1912, 1.S7. '-Oblong ovate, strongly convex, deep black, shining; antennae 
long, thickened towards apex, penultimate joints fully twice as long as 
broad, black with the basal joints deep red-brown ; thorax moderately 
shining, entirely deep black, punctured closely with a coarse and some- 
what confluent punctuation ; winged ; elytra at base wider than thorax, 
plainly widened behind, convex, deep black, the humeral callosity well 
developed and very shining, very strongly, coarsely and closely punctured; 
pygidium exposed, deeply punctured ; legs deep brown; femora nearly 
black (the posterior femora quite black), interior and intermediate 
knees, and all the tarsi, red-bi'own." 



3U ADDENDA 

Length 2| mm. 

Gravesend, in numbers on Plantago Maiatima (Dollman). 

The species is allied to L. niger but is easily distinguished by its size 
and the coarser punctuation of the thorax. 

A testaceous red variety occurs for which Mr. Dollman proposes the 
name iierplexus. 

As will be found stated on p. 167 of this voluine the insect from 
Cleethorpes introduced as L. nigerrimns Gyll.,by Dr. Joy and Mr. Tomlin 
is not that species. The true L. nigerrimus Gyll., has been taken by 
Dr. Sharp in the New Forest, and the name must therefore stand in our 
lists ; it is deep shining black, of about the size of L. holsaticus {\h mm.), 
with rather short and broad elytra ; the thorax is finely, and the elytra 
comparatively strongly and distinctly punctured. 

ALLECULIDiE. 

Prionychus (Eri/x.) fairmairei, Reiche. Ann. Soc. Ent. Franc. 
i860 p. 731. ilcp.vis Seidl. Faun. Bait. ii. ISDl, 524). YevyMke Prionychus 
[Eryx.) ater F., but easily distinguished by its more parallel shape, 
much more shining appearance, and shorter and thinner antennae and 
legs; the prosternum is also diflerentand the punctuation finer. Found 
under loose bark in Sherwood Forest by Mr. Donisthorpe, who intro- 
duced the species as British (Ent. Record xxiv. 1912, p. 1). The Sher- 
wood specimens appear to be all F. fairmairei, while those from the 
New Forest are all F^ ater. 

CURCULIONID-ffi. 

Strophosomus curvipes. Thorns. (Skand. Col. vii., 138; Bedel, 
Faune Col. Seine, vi., p. KJ). This species is distinguished by the 
comparatively narrow thorax with much lounded sides, and by the 
strongly curved anterior tibiaj of the male. In the female there is a 
small bare raised line at the base of the thorax, which is scarcely 
indicated in the male. The nearest ally seems to be ^S'. coryli, but in 
appearance the species more closely resembles aS'. fulvicornis, fi'oro. 
which it may be known by the form of the thorax and elytra, the 
diflerent setse of the elytra, and the curved male tibife. Thomson in 
his description says that the insect is very like >S'. coryli, but is easily 
distinguished by the forehead not being cai'inate in front, with the 
clypeal impression less distinct, by the thorax being less strongly 
punctured, with the sides rounded and dilated before the middle and by the 
somewhat flattened elytra and the curved tibife. Dr. Sharp is doubtful 
if Thomson's and Bedel's description apply to the same insect, but if 
not, they must be extremely closely allied. At all events l^edel adopts 
Thomson's name, so that he appears to have convinced himself of their 
identity. 

Length 2 mm. 



ADDENDA 345 

Taken at Bournemouth in May, 1912, by Dr. Sharp and Mr. Ford 
(Ent. Mo. Mag. xlviii. (2 Ser. xxiii.) 1912, p. 150.) 

On May 14, 1905, Mr. Donisthorpe took two specimens of a 
Strojihosomus in a sandy place at Poole Heath, near Bournemouth, 
which he recognised as new to us. Dr. Sharp has identified them as 
S. curvijics (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlviii. (2 Ser. xxiii) 1912, p. 197). 

Dr. Sharp (I.e. p. 151) states that the synonymy of the genus is 
very uncertain : in the last European catalogue fulvicornis, Walton, 
is placed as a synonym of capitatus Deg., and rujijjes, Steph., is given 
as a separate species, synonymous with capitatus, Bedel [nee. Deg.), 
but o'ujipes and fulvicornis appear to be identical. Dr. Sharp says that 
*S'. fulvicornis is a quite distinct species, distinguished by possessing only 
very minute short setje, which mostly arise from the punctures, not 
from the interstices between the striae. It is locally not uncommon in 
the New Forest, on stunted oaks and birches. 

If the law of strict priority is to be observed the name *S'. melano- 
grammus, Forster (1771), must be substituted for S. conjli, F. (1775). 

Barypeithes duplicatus. Keys. (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlvii. (2 Ser. 
xxvii.), 1911, 130. Plate II.) This species comes nearest to 5. ^;eZ?iic?VZt(s, 
Boh., and resembles it in the fact that the integument is dotted with 
distant outstanding hairs ; these are absent in B. j^yrenceus, Seidl, and 
B. araneiformis, Sehr. The differences between the two species are given 
by Mr. Keys as follows : 
Anterior and Intermediate femora of male 

strongly, posterior moderately, thickened ; 

thorax almost globular, elytra about twice 

the length of the thorax ; legs compara- 
tively thick and short ; colour paler ; 

average length ?> mm. . . . . B. duplicatus, sp).n. 

Anterior femora of male strongly, intermediate 

and posterior moderately, thickened ; 

thorax as long as broad, with sides almost 

semicirculai", but converging in front ; 

elytra more than twice as long as thorax ; 

legs comparatively long and thin ; colour 

darker ; L. 3-4 mm. . . . . B. pellucidus, Boh. 

Mr. Keys gives excellent figui-es of the two species, so that they can 
be easily distinguished. 

The species has been distributed as B. pellucidus by the Rev. 
Theodore Wood, who took it in great numbers between Broadstairs and 
Margate in July 1886 : they were found in hollows on one small patch 
of sand, just above high-water mai'lc, and were over in two or three 
days. Commander Walker took it in the Blean Woods, Kent, trapped 
in water in deep cart-wheel tracks, as well as in faggots : the species 
recorded by the Rev. H. S. Gorham as B. pdlucidus, taken in great 
numbers in sandy ground in 1872, at Eastry, near Sandwich, must 
probably be referred to this species. 



346 ADDENDA 

Orthocaetes insignis, Aube Gren. Cat. 129. This insect very 
closely resembles 0. seticjer, Beck., in genei'al appearance, and is mixed 
with it in our collections : the antennae, however, are darker and the 
general shape diffei's considerably, the thorax being rather longer and 
more paralled- sided, and the sides of the elytra sub-parallel, being 
only contracted for the apical third ; in 0. setiyer the sides of the elytra 
are evenly rounded, the elytra being broadest about the middle ; the 
thorax has a shallow longitudinal groove in the centre, and a deeper one 
on each side : these are absent or much fainter in 0. setiger ; the chief 
character, however, lies in the raised scale-like bristles of the elytra ; in 
0. setiger these are erect, stronger, and very slightly curved ; in 0. 
insignis they are very strongly curved and almost decumbent and feebler ; 
the difference is at once evident if the insect is examined sideways. 

L. 2^ mm. 

Captain Deville, while staying with Dr. Joy, discovered this species 
in his collection mixed with 0. setiger ; Dr. Joy found it among my 
series of the insect, and it is probably in many of our collections. 
Cornwall (Joy) ; South Wales (Tomlin) ; Southsea (Moncreaff) (Ent. 
Mo. Mag. xlviii. (2 Ser. xxiii. 11)12, 211). Mr. Moncreaff apparently 
found it on the ragwort in April, and in dead leaves at the base of 
this plant in autumn and winter (Brit. Col. v. 265). 

Rhynchites harwoodi, Joy (Ent. Mo. Mag. xlvii. (2 Ser, xxii.) 
1911, 270). In general appearance very like R. imcinatus, Thorns., 
blue, thorax with a slight greenish tinge, legs and antenna; cyaneous ; 
rostrum rather long and slender, longer in the female than in the male ; 
thorax longer than broad, distinctly rounded at the sides, closely but 
rather variably punctured ; elytra much broader than thorax, widened 
behind middle, stria; strongly punctured, intei\stices very narrow and 
somewhat rugose ; apex of anterior tibiaB simple ; intermediate and 
posterior tibipe in the male with a small tuft at apex. 

Length 3-4 mm. 

Probably not uncommon : Dr. Joy has taken it in Berkshire and 
Hampshire. I have specimens taken by myself at Hykeham, and at Long- 
worth Wood, Lincoln, and examples taken at Chartley Moss, Stafford- 
shire (on several occasions) and at Ellingham Fen by the late Mr. W. 
Garneys : it is probably not uncommon, and evidently widely distri- 
buted. It occurs in company with both li. namos and IL uncinatus. 

From R, uncinatus this species differs in having no tuft at the apex 
of the anterior tibia; : the rostrum is longer, and it appears to be more 
slender, in both sexes : the thorax on an average is much the same 
in both species, but the stride on the elytra are more strongly 
punctured, with the interstices narrower. From R. nanus it may be 
known by its blue colour, broader and shorter form, much longer and 
moi^e slender rostrum, more rounded sides of thorax, and average 
larger size. There are also slight differences in the tedeagus. 



INDEX 



PAGE 
Abnormal Coleoptera . 319 
Aciitus niinutus, 

Ilcrbst oil 

Actobius, Tlioms. . . (5G 

Acupalpus Dej. ... -1 

derelictus, Daws. . . 1 

Adalia. :\luls. ... 10.5 

variegata rar. engle- 

harti, Rye. ... 1 0.') 

Adrastus, Esch . . .143 

limbatiis, F. . . . 143 

Agabus, Leach. ... 19 

affinis, Fayk. . . 22 

bipustulatus.i. vars. 19 

uliginosus, rar. dis- 

parBold. ... 22 

luiguicularis, Thorns. 22 

Agaricophagus, Schmidt 89 

conforiiiis, Ji,r. . . 89 

Agathidium, III. ... 86 

badium, Fr. ... 86 

Aleochara, Grav. . . 37 

brevipenois var. carta 

Sahib 38 

crassiuscula*, Sahib. . 38 
discipennis, JIuls. . 37 
siiccicola, Thorns. . 39 
Alleculida' . . 175, 344 
Alphitophagus, ><tcph. . 172 
bifasciatus, kiay. . .172 

Amara, Boiv 7 

aiithobia, Villa. . . 7 
contiuua var. con- 

vexior, Steph. . . 8 

famelica, Zimm. . . 8 

Anacfvua, Thorns. . . 24 

ovata, Fciche ... 25 

Anaspis, Geoff. . . .178 

costa?, Finery. . . . 179 

geotfroyi, iMiill. . . 180 

hudsoni, Bonis. . . 179 

latipalpis, Schilsky . 178 

ruficollis, var. alpicola, 

Emery 180 



PAGE 

Anatis, Mxds. . . .106 
ocellata, rar. hebra^a 

L 106 

Anchomenus, Fr. . . 9 

viduus, rar. emargi- 

natus, Gyll. . . 9 

Anisodactylus, Dej. . 6 

nemorivagus, Duft. . 6 

Anisotoma (Liodes), 111. 86 

humeralis, rar. glo- 

bosa, Puyk. . . 86 

Anobiidrc . . . 147, 280 

Aiiomala, Sam. . . .140 

Anthonomus, (?erni. . 194 

coiuari, 6'ro<c/i. . . 195 

conspersus, -Des6v. . 195 

roi-ina;, Des Gozis . 195 

rufus, Schon. , . .194 

Anthribid:\3 .... 301 

Aphaiiisticus, Za<7\ . . 141 

emarginatiis, F. . .141 

Aphodius, ni. . . .138 

depressus, rar. nigri- 

pes, Steph. . . . 139 
niger, Panz. . . .138 
punctato-sulcatus, rar. 
obscurellus, Schilsky. 

3 43 

scybalarius, car.nigri- 

cans, Mids. . . 139 

Apiou, llerbst. . . .183 

cantianum, Warjn. . 183 

gylleiihali, A7?-i?/ . 184 

kiessenwetteri,i)('s6r. 186 

luiicolor, Kirby . .184 

Aphthona, Chcvr. . . 169 

CiTjrulea, var. renes- 

cens, Weise. . . 1<>9 

Arena, Fauv. ... 52 

octavii, Fauv. . . . 52 

Aseoiiim, Esch. . . . 151 

striatum, rar. agreste, 

F. 151 

Astenus, Steph. ... 69 

317 



PAGE 

Astenus lyonessius, Joy 69 

Athoui5, Fsch. . . . 142 

hirtus, Herbst. . . 142 

niger, L 142 

subfuscus, Midi. . . 143 

Atomaria, Steph. . .133 

Aulonium, Fr. . . . 108 

trisulcum, Gcoff\ . .108 

Bagous, Schijn. . . . 186 

Barypeithes, Duv, . .185 

duplicatus. Keys. . . 345 

pellucidus. Boh. . . 345 

pyrenaais, Seidl. . . 185 

Bembidiuui, Lutr. . . 9 

argenteolum, Ahr. . 12 

callosnm, Kust. . . H 

iricolor. Bedel. . . 9 

virens, Gyll- ... 11 

Bledius, 3Jann ... 71 

auna?, Sharp ... 72 

arenarius, rar. minor, 

Muls 338 

denticoUis, Femv. . 75 

dicta, Schioeltc . . 71 

femorali.s, Gyll. . . 74 

filipes. Sharp ... 72 

fracticornis, Fr. . . 73 

fuscipes, Fyc ... 74 

V. laetior, Mids. . . 73 

pallipes, Greiv. . . 72 

secerueudus, Joy. . 338 

r. sharpi, v. nov. . . 74 

terebrans, Schiodte . 75 

Bostrichidaj . . 147, 281 

Bruchida^ . . . 158, 285 

Bryaxis lonsiicoruis. 

Leach. .\ . .340 
Buprestidffi . . 140, 273 
Byrrhidas . . . 134, 268 

Ca?nosceIis, Thorns. . .133 

ferruginea, Sahib. . 133 

Calodera, Meinn. ... 44 



348 



INDEX 



PAGE 
Calodera protensa, J/cowi. 4-1 
'/Tufescens, AV. . . . 4") 
Camptosomata . Ifi2, 287 
Cantharidoe . . . .144 

Cantharis, L 144 

ligurata, var. crua- 

chana, Chitty. . .144 
thoracica, rar. autu- 
ralis, Schilsl-i/ . .144 
CarabidEc . . . . 1, 201 

Carabus, L 1 

cancellatus, L. . . 2 
convexus, F. . . . 1 

nitens, vctr. niirer, 
Bern. . . . . . 2 

violaceus, rar. sollici- 
tans, J/art ... 1 

Csn-idsi, Mills 17G 

affinis, Paylt. . . .176 

Cardiophorus. Esch. . 141 

erichsoni, de B. . .141 

Carpopliil us, Zc«c/« . .111 

sexpustulatus, i<'. . . Ill 

Cassida, L 171 

murrffia, var. macu- 

lata, L 171 

Catops, Payk. ... 90 

fuliginosa, Er. . . 90 

monti vagus, Ilecr. . 340 

Cerainbycida; . 151, 282 

Cere yon, Leach ... 37 

bifenestratus, East. . 37 

littoralis, var. binota- 

tum, i<tcph. ... 37 

Ceuthorrliyiichidius, 

D'uv 197 

barnevillei, Grcn. . 197 
nigroterniiuatus, 

Wall 197 

C'euthorrhynchus, JJur. 195 

moguntiacus, Schv.l. 195 

parvulus, £ris. . .196 

querceti, Oyn. . . 196 

Chffitocnema, Stcph. . 170 

arida, Foud. ... 1 70 

conducta, 3hds. . .344 

Chrysomela, L. . . . 1 (i4 

brunsvicensis, Grav. I(i4 

gloriosa, F. . . . 1<;4 

Chrysomelid;e . . .160 

Cicindelidre .... 201 

Clonus, Clairv. . . . 195 

lougicoUis, ^ris. . . 195 

Clambido3._ .... 244 

Clambus, Fisch. ... 85 

minutus, Beck. . . 85 

liunctulum, Beck. . 85 



lo; 



105 
342 



PAGE 
Claviii'er longicornis, 

Midi 340 

Glerida^ 342 

Cl}'thra, Laich . . .162 
quadripunctata, L. . 162 

Clytus, Laich. . . .157 
mysticus, va.r. hiero- 
glyphicus, Ilei-hst. . 157 

Coccinella, L. ... 105 
10-punctata, var. con 
fluens, Ilaic. . , 
11-punctata, var. con 
linens. Bonis . 

Cocclnellid;e . 105, 254 

Colon, Hcrhst. ... 92 
calcaratum, Er. . . 93 

Colydiida-. . . 108, 256 

Corticaria, Marsh. . .117 
crenicollis, Mann. . 120 
eppelsheimi, Jicitt. . 119 
fovvleriana, Sharp. . 122 
lambiana. Sharp. . . 122 
linearis, Payk. . .119 
Jongicollis, Zett.. . . 120 
truncatella, Mann. . 121 

Corj'lophida3 .... 252 

Corynibites, Latr. . . 143 
bipnstulatus, var. seml- 

liavus, Fleisch . .143 
impressus, rar. rufi- 
pes, Schilsky . ■ . 143 

Crepidodera, C/icrr. . 170 
iinpressa, F. . . .170 

Criocephalus, Mids. . 151 

ferus, Er 152 

I'usticus, L. . . . 152 

Cryptocephalus, Geoff. . 
bipunctatus, L. . .163 
parvulus, var. barba- 

rea?, Steph. . . .164 
rar. thomsoni, Weisc 164 

Cryptoliypnus, Esch. . 142 
meridionalis. Lap. . 142 

Cryptophagidre . 125, 264 

Cryptophagus, Herbst. 125 
bimaculatus, Panz. . 129 
fowleri, Joy. . . .130 
hirtulus, Er. . . .131 
loevendali. Gang!. . 129 
pallidus, Sturm. . . 131 
subdepressus, GyU. . 130 

Cryptostomata . . .171 

Cteniopus, Sof. . . .175 
sulphureus, rar. 

bicolor, F. . . .175 

Cucujidre . . . 123, 263 

Curculionida^. 182,301, 344 



Cychraraus, Euy. 
Cyclica . . . 



PAGE 
. . 114 
164, 287 



Dacne, Latr 107 

fowleri, Joy. . . .107 

Dascillida' 276 

Dermestidii? . . 134, 267 

Dlastictus, MuJs. . . 139 

vulneratns, GyU. . . 139 

Dibolia, Latr. . . .171 

cynoglossi, Eoch. . 171 

Diglossa, JIal. ... 54 

Dinarda, Mann,. . . 46 

hagensi, Wasin. . . 46 

pygma?a, Wasiti. . . 46 

Dinoderus, StepJi. . . 147 

oceUaris, Steph. . . 148 

minutus, F. . . .149 

Drilidaj 279 

Dromius, Bon. ... 13 
agilis, veer, bimacula- 
tus, Dej 13 

angustus, Bndl. . . 13 

Dryopidre . . . 134, 268 

Dryops, 01 134 

anglicanus, Edxmrds 136 

luridns, Er. . . . 125 

Dytiscidre 211 

ElateridiB . . . 141, 274 

Endomychidre . 107, 255 

Enicmus, Thorns. . . 116 

fungicola, I'Z'OJ/is. . 116 

histrio, Joy & Toudin 117 

Epura^a, Er Ill 

nana, Ilcift. . . . 113 

Ernobius, Thoras. . .147 

abietis, F. . . . .147 

Erotylida- . . .107, 255 

Eucnemida; .... 274 

Euconnus, Thorns. . . 96 

miiklini, Mann. . . 96 

Euplectus, Leach . . 97 

aubeanus, Eeitt. . . 97 

bescidicus, Eeitt. . . 98 

tomlini, Joy ... 98 

Exaleochara, A'cT/s. . . 40 

Gabrius, Steph. . . . i\2 
appendiculatus, S/iar}^ 65 

bishopi, Sharp. . . 66 

keysianus, Sharp). . 65 

nigritulus, Grar. . 64 

pennatus. Sharp). . . 64 

stipes. Sharp. ... 64 

trossulus, Nord. . . 64 

velox, Sha7'2). ... 65 



INDEX 



3^9 



PAGE 

Galerucella, Crotch. . 16G 
fergussoui, Fouicr . IGti 
pusilla, Buft. . . . KiG 

Georyssida^ .... 208 

Globiconiis (Hadro- 

toma), Latr. . . I'M 
nigripes, F. . . . 134 

Gnathoncus, Dm: . . 109 
nidlcola, Joy . • . 109 

Grainmoptera, Sci-v. . lo7 
holomelina, Pool. . 157 
ruficornis, rar. pal- 
lipes, Stej)h. . . I'll 

Gynandrophthalma, 

Lac. ..... H12 

affinis. Rossi . . . 1G3 

Gyi-inidffi 214 

Gyropha?iia bihamata, 

T/ioms SSC. 

couvexicollis, Joy . 337 



Haliplidaj . . 13, 210, 331 
Haliplus, Zatr. . . . 13 

fulvicollis, Er. . . 17 

heydeni, WehnGlr. . IS 

iinmaculatus, Cre?7t. . 18 

palleus, Fowler . . 17 

welinckei, Gcrh. . . IS 
Haltica3 . . . 16G, 343 
Harpalus, Latr. . . 

fvochlichi. Sturm. 

griseus, Panz. . 

latus, var. erythro 
cephalus, F. 
Helophorus, F. . , 

a?qualis, Thorns. . 

brevipalpis, rar. bul 
bipalpis, Kuio. . 

porculus. Bedel. . 

viridicollis, Steph. 

viridicollis, var. sbet 
landicus, Ivuw. . 
Heteroceridffi . . 137 
Heterocerus, F. . 
Heterothops, Steph. 

prcevia, var. nigra, i/u 
Heteromera . . 
Histeridre . .109, 256 
Hister, L. . . . 

quadrimaculatus, var. 
gagates, III. 
Homalium, Grav. . 

c.tsum, var. subrufi 
corne, Bagn. 

ca?sum, var. tricolor. 
Mills 

foraminosum, Mdkl. 



33 
2G9 
137 
56 
56 
295 
341 
109 

109 
83 

83 

83 
83 



PAGE 

. 47 



Homalota, aibct. . 

clavigera,*S'crti?'rt . 

divisa, var. blatchi 
Ellis 

fussi, Bern. 

iuhabilis, Kr. . . , 

liliputana, Bris . , 

muiri. Sharp. . . , 

paradoxa, Rcy. 

parens, 71/wZs. . . 

picipennis, Mann. 

pruinosa, Kr. . 

scotica, £11. 
Hydr:rna, Kug. . 

britteni, .Toy . . , 

longior, jRcy. . 
Hydrobius, Leach . 

luscipes, var. chalco 
notus, Steph. 
Hydrochus, Leach . 

nitidieoUis, 3Juls, 
Hydrophilidre . . 
Hydroporus, Clairv. 

hopffgarteni, Schilslcy. 18 

palustris, var. tinc- 
tus, Clarh . . 
Bfj'pocoprus, Mots. . 

quadricollis, Reitt. 
Hypophloeus, F. . . 

linearis, F. . 
Hypothenemus, Westw 



47 

50 
49 
51 
33G 
335 
48 
48 
49 
47 
50 
35 
35 
36 
23 

23 

24 

34 

215 

IS 



19 
124 
124 
175 
175 
199 



Labidostomis, Rcdt. . 

tridentata, L. . . 
Laccobius, Fr. . . 26, 

oblongus, Gorh. . . 

purpnrascens, Ncwh. 

regularii^, Rey. . . 

ytenensis. Sharp. 
La^mophlocus, Steph. . 

monilis, F. . . . . 
Lfemostenus, Boiv. . . 

complanatus, Bej. . 
Lamellicoruia . . . 
Lamiid;i3 . 
Laria, Scop. 

lentis. Boh. . . . 

luteicornis. III. . . 

pectinicornis, L. . . 

rufimana, var. velu- 
tina, Muls. . . . 

vicia', 01 

Lariidaj 

Lathridiida) . .116, 
Lathridius, Herhst. . . 

bergrothi, Eeitt. , . 
Lathrobium, Grav. , . 



158, 
158, 



162 
162 
335 

28 

27 

28 

28 

123 

123 

8 

8 

268 

284 

285 

159 

159 

158 

159 
159 
158 
262 
116 
IIG 
67 



PAGE 

Lathrobium dilutum, Fr. 69 
elongatinn, rar. fraud ii- 

lentum, Gangl . . 67 
elongatuni, car. nig- 
rum, /oy. ... 67 
lajvipenne, Ilcer. . . 67 
longipenne. Fairm. . 68 
ripicola, Czival. , . 337 

Lema, F. 161 

erichsoni, Suffr. . . 161 
septentrionis, Weise. 161 

Leptacinus, Er. . . . (i7 
linearis, Gi-av. . . G7 

Leptinidre^ 244 

Lesteva, Latr. ... SO 
fontinalis, Kics. . . SO 
longelytrata, var. 

maura, Fr. . . . 338 
luctuosa, iviw?;. . . 339 
sharpi. Rye .... 81 

Liniexylonid;o . . . 279 

Linmobai-is, Bedel . .198 
pilistriata, Steph. . .198 

Liodes (Anisotoma), 

Lat)- 86 

algiricn, I?yc ... 88 
anglica, Ilyc ... 86 
calcarata, rar. nigres- 

cens, Fleisch. . . 88 
curta var. donis- 

thorpei, Fleisch. . 88 
davidiana, Joy . . 87 
flavicornis, Bris. . . 89 
lucens, Fairm. . . 87 
stenocoryphe, Joy . 341 

Liosoma, Steph. . . .186 
troglodytes, Rye. . 186 

Litargus, Er 133 

coloratus, Bos. . . 133 

Lochmaja, Weise . .165 
suturaliSjfflr. nigi'ita, 
Weise 166 

Lomechusa, Grav. . . 45 
struniosa, Grav. . . 45 

Longicornia .... 282 

Longitarsus, Latr. . . 166 
a^ruginosus, i^oKfL . 168 
curtus, All. . . .168 
niger, Koch . . .167 
nigerrimus, Gyll. . 167 
plantago-maritimus 

Bollm 343 

pratensis, Panz. . . 168 
rubiginosus, rar. fumi- 
gatu?, Weise. . .169 

Lucanida3 268 

Lyctida; 281 



350 



INDEX 



PAGE 

Malachliis, F. ... 145 

bai'iievillei, P((^J».. . 145 

A'ulneratus, J6. . . 145 
Malacodermida;' . . . 27C> 
Malthodes, A'/V.s . . .144 

minimus, -(•«;•. innrsi- 
nicollis, Schihl-ij. . 144 
Melandrya, F. . . .175 

barbata, Sturm. . .175 
Melandryida^ . . . . 175 
Melanopiiila, Fsch. . . 140 

acuminata, Dc G. . 140 
Melanophtlialma, Mots. 123 

distinguenda, C'OT-?y. . 123 

transversalis, Gyll. . 123 
Melanotus, Esch. . . 142 
Meligethes, -S'Jf;>7i. . .113 

bidentatus, Bris. . 114 

lugnbris, var. gaga- 
tinus, Br. . . .114 

viduatus, rar. restima- 
tilis, Bcitt. . . .113 

Meloid:e 181 

Melyridre . . . 145, 27S 
Miarns, Stcph. . . . 193 

micros, Germ. . . . 1!>3 
Micrambe, Thorns. . .132 

villosa, Ileer. . . .132 
Micromalu?, Lewis . .111 
Micropeplida\ . . . 258 
Micropeplus, Latr. . . 84 

crelatus, Er. ... 84 
Monocliammus, Curt. . 158 

titillator, F. . . . 158 
Monotomidre . . 115, 262 
Monotoma, Ilcrhst. . . 115 
Mordellidaj .... 178 
Moi-dellisteiia, Costa . 178 

abdominalip, F. . .178 

ue\valdeggiana,Prtns. 178 
Mycetoi.hagidii3 . 133, 267 
Myrmecopliilous Cole- 

optera .... 320 
Myrmecopora, Saulcy. , 51 

brevii)es, Butler . . 51 
Mysia oblongoguttata, 
var. nigroguttata, 
Dollm 342 

Nebria, Latr 3 

gyllenhalii, var. bal- 

bii, Boii 3 

gyllenhalii, var. rufes- 

cens, Stroevi. , . 3 

jSTeui'aplies, Thorns. . . 95 

minutus, Claud. . . 96 

planifrons, Blatch. . 95 



PAGE 
Neui'nphes ppurslialli, 

Denjuj 9<i 

Nitidulida^ . . Ill, 258 

Notiophilus, Dum. . . 2 

hypocrita, Piit-:. . . 3 

pusillui?, W((t. ... 2 

Oberea, il/M?s 158 

oculata, var. quadri- 

maculata, Bonis. . 158 

Octhebius, Leach . . 34 

lejolisi, 3Iuls. ... 34 

Ocyusa. Kr 42 

defecta, Muls. . . 42 

nigrata, Fairm. . . 42 

(Edemera, 01. . . . 178 
virescens, L. . . .178 

CEdemeridic . . . .178 

Olibrus, Er 104 

affinis, Sturm. . . 105 

flavicoinis, Sturm. . 105 

Oligotaytenensi?, Sharp y36 

Olophrum, Er. ... 81 

assimile, J'ft?/^-. . . 81 

nicholsoni, Bonis . 81 

Ophonus, Stcph 331 

brevicollis, Bej. . . 331 

championi. Sharp . 333 

cordatus, Buft. . . 332 

]")arallelus, Bej. . . 334 

]iuncticollis, Paiilc. . 334 

rectaugulus, Thorns. . 333 

rufibarbis, F. . . . 332 

rupicola, Sturm. . . 332 

rupicoloides, Sharj:) . 332 

Orochares, Kr, ... 82 

angustatus, Er. . . 82 

Orsodacna, Latr. . .160 

Orthocffites insignis, 

Aiibt 345 

Osphya, HI 176 

bipunctata, i^. . .176 

Othius, Stejih. ... 67 
f ulvipennis, rar. donis- 

thorpei, Chitty . . 67 

Otiorrhynchus, Germ. . 184 

auropuuctatus, Gyll. 1S4 

Oxypoda, Mann. . . 40 

metatarsalis, Thorns . 40 

perplexa, Muls. . . 40 

sericea, Ileer. ... 41 

Oxytelus, Grav. ... 77 

perrisi, Fauv. ... 77 

sanlcyi. Panel. . . 77 

Palorus, Buv. . . .173 
depressus, F. . . .174 



103 



Palorus ratzeburgi, 
Wissm. . 

subdepressus, Wall. 
Paracymus, Thoms. 

ameus, Germ. . 
Paramecosoma, Cxirt 

melanocephalum, va 
infuscatum, Halb. 
Para.ph;¥don, ^harp 
Parnida^ . . .134 
Pelobiida^ . . . 
Pentaphyllns, Latr. 
testaceus, Hcllw. 
Phiii'don, Latr. . 
Plialacridio 
Phalacrus, Paul:. 

hybridus, 7'7rtc/(. . 
Phiionthus, Curt 

intermedins, rar. 
donisthorpei. Boll. 
Phyllotreta, Fond. . 

diademata, Fond. 
Phymatodes, Mxds. . 

lividus, Rossi . 
Phytobius, Schmidt. 

muricatus, Bris. . 
Phytophaga . 
Phytosus, Curt . . 

nigriventris, Chcv. 
Pityogenes, Bedel. . 

trepanatus, Nocrdl. 
Planeustonius flavi 

collis, Fauv. 
Platambus, Thorns. . 

maculatus, t:ar. itn 
maculatus, Bonis. 
Platystethus, Ma na. 

alutaceus, Thoms . 
Prionychus fairmairei 

Reiche. 
Proteiiius, Latr. . 

limbatus, Mcikl. . 
Pselaphida? . . 250 
Ptenidium. 
Pterostichus, Er. 

cupreus, var. coerule 
scans, L. . . . 

cupreus, var. ery 
thropus, Fald. . 
Ptinid;i3 . . . 14(1 
Ptinus, L 

brunneus, var. testa 
ceus, Boicld. 

pnsillus, Sturm. 

tectus, Boield. 
Ptomaphagus. III. 

sericatus, Chand 



174 

174 

23 

23 

132 

132 
164 
268 
211 
172 
172 
1(;5 
253 
1 03 
104 
61 

. 61 
169 
169 
156 
156 
198 
198 
285 
53 
53 
199 
199 

339 
23 

23 
76 
76 

344 
S4 
84 

339 

99 

7 



279 
146 

146 

146 

146 

92 

92 



INDEX 



351 



PAGE 

Pullus (Scymiius), j1/h?s. 10(j 

limonii, Donls . . 106 

lividus, Bold. . . . 106 

Pythicte 177 

Quedius, Leach ... 56 
ci'uentus, iyo*. vireus, 

Jlott 58 

hammianus, Sharp. . 58 

kraatzii, Bris. . . 59 

nigrocojrulens, Mids. 56 

obliteratus. £r. . . 60 

riparius, Kelt. ... 59 

talparum, Dev. . . 57 

Kabocerus, Sharp . .177 
bishopi, Sharj) . . 177 

Reichenbachia impressa, 
var. unicolor . . 340 

Rhinomacerida^ . . .301 

Brhizophngus, If crbst. . 114 
oblongicollis, Blatch. 115 

Rhynchites, Schncid. . 182 
harwoodi, Joy. . . 346 
ophthalmicus, Stcph. 182 

Rhynchophora . . .301 

Riolus, Mtds 136 

sodalis, Er. . . . 137 

Sapriniis, Ur. . . .110 

immundus, Gyll. . .110 

Scaphidiid;e . . . .133 

Scaphisoma, Beach . . 133 

assimile, Er. . . . 133 

Scarabajida- . 138, 270, 343 

Scolytidffi . . . 199, 317 

Scyduia'nida\ . . 95, 249 

Scydmreniis, Latr. . . 96 

barnevillei. Rcittcr. . 96 



PAGE 
Silpha, L 89 

subrotuiidata, Stcph. 89 
Silphid;u . . 85, 245, 340 
Silvanus, Latr. . . .124 

mercator, Fativ. . . 124 
Simplocaria, Marsh. . 134 

semistriata, F. . .134 
Sitaris, Latr 181 

muralis, var. flava, 

Ilartiin 181 

Sinicronvx, Schon. . . 189 
Sphan-idium, F. . . . 36 

scarabajoides, var. 

Junatum, F. . . 36 

Sphindida3 . . . .281 

Staphylinida^ . 37, 218, 235 

Stenolophus, Dej. . . 4 

plagiatus, Gorh. . . 4 
Stenus, Latr 70 

formicetorum, Mann. 70 

ossiiim. Tar. insularis, 
Joy 71 

palposiis, Zctt. . . 70 
Stephanopachys, Wat. . 149 

substriatus, Payh. 149 

Sternoxi 273 

Stichoglossa, Fainn. . 44 

semirufa, Er. ... 44 
Strophosomus curvipes, 

Thorns 344 

Stylopida? 319 

Tachuius, Grav. ... 55 
frigidus, Er. ... 55 

Tachyporus, Grav. . . 55 
fasciatns, Nich. . . 55 

Telephorida^ . . 144, 278 

Telephorus (Cantharis) 144 



PAGE 

Tenebrionida^ . . . 272 

Tetropium, Kirhy . . 153 
crawshayi, <S7irtrj3. . 155 
fuscum, F. . . .154 
gabrieli, Wcise. . . 154 
parcum, Sharp . . 155 

Thanasimus rufipes, 

Brahm 342 

Thinobius, LHcs. . . 79 
bicolor, Joy ... 79 
pallidus, JVewh. . . 79 

Throscidre 273 

Tracy phloeus. Germ. . 185 
aristatus, Gyll. . .185 
ollvieri. Bedel. . . 185 

Trechus, Clairv. ... 12 
subnotatus, L>cj. . . 12 

Trichius, F. . . . .140 

Triehopterygida;. 99, 251 

Trichopterj'x intermedia, 
var. thomsoni, Er. 102 

Trigonogenius, Sol. . 147 
globulum, Sol. . .147 

Triplax, Payk. . . .107 
bicolor, Gyll. . . .107 

Trogolinus, Sharp . . 78 
anglicanus. Sharp . 78 

Trogophloeus, Mann. . 79 
subtilus, Er. ... 79 

Trogositida! . . . .261 

Tychius, Germ. . . .190 
ha^matopu?, GijU. . 192 
polyliueatus, Germ. . 192 

Xantholinus, Serv. . . 66 

cribripennis, Fauv. . 66 

XyIophilid;u . . . .181 

Xylophilus, Latr. . .181 

brevicoruis, Perris. . 181 



BALL ANT YNE & COMPANY LTD 

Tavistock Street Covent Garden 

London 



SUPT. PLATE I 

Fig. 1. Carabus nitens, L. v. niger, Se77i. 

,, 2. Nebria gyllenhali, Sch, v. rufescens, Strom. 

3. „ „ „ „ balbi, Bon. 

„ 4. Dyschirius obscurus, Gyll. 

„ 5. Harpalus froelichi, Stm. 

„ 6. „ latus, L. V. erythroceplialus, F. 

„ 7. Anisodactylus binotatus, F. v. spurcaticorais, Dj. 

„ 8. ,, nemorivagns, Duft. 

,, 9. ,, „ „ V. atricornis, Steph. 

„ 10. Amara famelica, Zimm. 

„ 11. ,, anthobia, Villa. 

„ 12. Laemostenus complanatus, Dj. 

„ 13. Anchomenus quadripunctatus, De G. 



Supt PLATE 1, 




E.C:>5ii^kt,del.elli{h 



"\5ncent Broo"ks, Day8c SaiLlffirop 



L.Reeve ik.C? LoJi-doii.. 



SUPT. PLATE II 

Fig. 1. Tachys parvulus, Dj. 

,, 2. Bembidium iricolor, Bedel. 
„ 3. ,, quadripustulatum, Dj. 

„ L ,, virens, Gyll. 

,, 5. ,, argenteolum, Ahr. 

,, 6. Lebia turcica, F. 
,, 7. Dromius agilis, F. v. bimaculatus, Dj. 
,, 8. ,, angustus, BrullS. 
„ 9. Hydroporus hoffgarteni, Schlisk. 

,, 10. Platambus maculatus, L. v. immaculatus, Bonis. 

,, 11. Paracymus aenus, Germ. 

„ 12. Laccobius oblongus, Gorh. 

„ 13. „ purpurascens, Newh. 



Sup^ PLATE 2. 




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SUPT. PLATE III 

Fig. 1. Laccobius ytenensis, Shp. 

,, 2. Helopliorus tuberculatus, G-yll. 

,, 3. ,, rugosus, 01. 

,, 4. Hydrochus nitidicollis, Muls. 

„ 5. Ochthebius lejolisi, Mids. 

,, 6. Hydraena britteni, Joy. 

„ 7. Sphaeridium scarabaeoides, L. v. lunatum, F. 

„ 8. Oercyon littoralis, Gyll. v. binotatum, St&ph. 

„ 9. Aleochara discipennis, Muls. 

,, 10. ,, crassiuscula, Sahib. 

„ 11. „ maculata, Bris. 

„ 12. Oxypoda longipes, 3Iuls. 

,, 13. ,, perplexa, Muls. 



Sup^ PLATE 3. 
















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■E . C >£raght dfil etBiL 



ASucervlBr oaks Day & SonLt^ imp 



L Reeve &.C°LaTi(ioji.. 



SUPT. PLATE IV 

Fig. 1. Oxypoda sericea, Hccr. 
„ 2. Ocyusa nigrata, Fair. 

„ 3. Stichoglossa semirufa, Ur. 
,. 4. Ilyobates propinquus, Aiib. 

,, 5. Calodera protensa, Man. 
„ 6. Dinarda hagensi, Wasm. 
„ 7. ,, pygmaea, Wasm. 
„ 8. Loinechusa strum osa, F. 
,, 9. Homalota scotica, Elliman. 

„ 10. ,, picipennis, Man. 

„ 11. ,, pruinosa, Kr. 

„ 12. ,, inhabilis, ICr. 

„ 13. ,, clavigera, Scriba. 



Sup^ PLATE 4. 





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E.CKm^tael.etlith. 



"Viacexi-t Brool<s,Day &Son LtP'xmp. 



L "Reeve 6tC° London. 



SUPT. PLATE V 

Fig. 1. Homalota paradoxa, Rci/. 

2. ,, divisa v. blatclii, Ellis. 

3. Thiasophila inquiliua, Mark. 

4. Tachyusa scitula, Er. 

5. Gyrophaena pulchella, Heer. 

6. ,, poweri, Crotch. 

7. Phytosus migriventris, Chev, 

8. Arena octavii, Fauv. 

9. Tacliyporus fasciatus, Nicholson. 

10. Bryoporus rugipennis, Panel. 

11. Mycetoporus monticola, Fowler. 

12. ,, forticornis, Fauv. 

13. Quedius nigrocoeruleus, Muls. 



Sup^PLATES. 









E . C -Kraglit dd. et Kth. 



'.iacsrLtBrodksvDajr^- SonLt^nup 



1 Reeve &cC° London- 



SUPT. PLATE VI 

Fig. 1. Quedius talparum, Dcville. 

,, 2. ,, riparius, KelL 

,, 3. „ kraatzii, Bris. 

„ 4. ,, obliteratus, Er. 

„ 5. Creophilus maxillosus v. ciliaris, Stcph. 

,, G. Philonthus iatermediiis v. douisthorpei, Boll ma ii. 

„ 7. Gabrius trossulus, Norcl. 

,, In. Male appendage. 

,, 8. Gabrius nigritulus, Gr. 

„ Sa. Male appendage. 

,, 9. Gabrius stipes, ShjJ. 

„ 9a. Male appendage. 

,, 10. Gabrius velox, Slip. 

,, 10a. Male appendage. 

,, 11. Gabrius keysianus, Shjh 

„ 11a. Male appendage. 

,, 12. Gabrius appendiculatus, aS'A^j. 

„ 12a. Male appendage. 

,, 13. Gabrius bishopi, Shj). 

„ 13a. Male appendage. 



Sup^ PLATE 6. 









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Afint;eiUBrouksX>ay&Son Lt^^imp 



L.Reeve <S^C°Lon.ck)rL. 



SUPT. PLATE VII 

Fui. 1. Gabrius pennatus, SJq}. 
la. Male appendage. 

2. Actobius cinerascens, G7\ 

3. ,, villosiilus, Stcph. 

4. Gabrius astutus, Er. 

5. Xautholinus atratus, Er. 
G. „ cribripennis, Fauv. 

7. Latlirobium elongatum v. fraudulentum, Gang. 

8. ,, leevipenne, Hccr. 

9. „ longipenne, Fair. 

10. ,, dilutum, Er. 

11. ,, punctatum, Zdt. 

12. „ fovulum, Steijh. 

13. „ terminatum v. imraaculatum, Fowler. 



Supt PLATE 7. 



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E.C.Khi^tdel.etlilh 



"Viiicer.tfiroo''KsJ)ay SeSonLt^TJup 



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SUPT. PLATE VIII 

Pig. 1. Lathrobium terminatum v. atripalpe, Scriha. 

,, 2. Sunius lyonessius, Joy. 

„ 3. Steuus palposus, Zett. 

,, 4. ,, formicetorum, Mann. 

,, 5. ,, ossium V. insularis, Joy. 

,, G, Bledius hinnulus, Er. 

,, 7. ,, filipes, Slip. 

,, 8. „ denticollis, Fcmv. 

,, 9. ,, secerdendus, Joy. 

,, 10. Platystethus alutaceus, Thoiits. 

,, 11. Oxytellus piceus, Er. 

,, 12. „ saulcyi, Panel. 

„ 13. Ancyrophorus omalinus, Er. 



Supt PLATE 8. 







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SUPT. PLATE IX 

Fig. 1. Trogolinus anglicanus, Slip. 

„ 2. Thinobius pallidus, Netu 

„ 3. ,, bicolor, Joy. 

4. Geodromicus globulicollis, Ilan. 

„ 5. Lesteva luctuosa, Fauv. 

,, 6. Olophrum nicholsoni, Bonis. 

,, 7. „ assiraile, Fk. 

„ 8. ,, fuscum, Gr. 

„ 9. „ consimile, Gyll. 

„ 10. Orochares angustatus, Fr. 

,, 11. Homalium brevicolle, Thorns. 

„ 12. Micropeplus ccelatus, Fr. 

„ 13. Clambus punctulum, Feck. 



Sup-t PLATE 9, 




EC. Knight del.etlith . 



"^fincentBrooteDay&SonLt^imp 



L Reeve ScC? Jjondon. 



SUPT. PLATE X 

Fig. 1. Agathidium badium, Er. 

,, 2. Liodes lucens, Fair. 

„ 3. ,, anglica, Bye. 

4i. "„ treipkei, £Jr. 

„ 5. „ davidiana, Joy. 

„ 6. ,, lunicollis, Er. 

7. ,, nigrita, Er. (black form). 

„ 8. „ „ „ (light form). 

„ 9. „ furva, Er. 

,, 10. ,5 carta v. donisthorpei, Fleisch 

,, 11. Catops fuliginosa, Er. 

„ 12. „ montivagus, Heer. 

,, 13. Ptomaphagus sericatus, Chaud. 



Supt PLATE 10. 












E.CKni|Kt dsIetMR. 



A&T.C ent Br o oks D ay & S on Lt^imp 



L.Reeve &lC "LoRcLon. 



SUPT. PLATE XI 



Fia. 



1. 


Colon rufescens, Kraatz. 


2. 


„ viennense, Hhst. 


3. 


,, serripes, Sahib. 


4. 


„ angulare, IJr. 


5. 


„ brunneum, Latr. (narrow form) 


G. 


„ „ „ (broad form). 


7. 


,, appendiculatum, Sahlh. S 


8. 


Neuraphes planifrons, Blatcli. 


9. 


„ carinatus, Muls. 


10. 


Scydmasnus barnevillei, Beit. 


11. 


„ poweri, Fowler. 


12. 


Euconnus maklini, Mann. 


13. 


Eumicrus ruf us, Miill. 



Sup^ PLATE 11. 









E.G. Knight del. etith. 



Afincent Brooks Day & SonLt^unp 



L Reeve & C°London 



SUPT. PLATE XII 

Fig. 1 . Claviger lougicornis, Muls. 
„ 2. Triclionyx markeli, Auh. 
„ 3. Euplectus bescidicus, Beit. 
„ 4. „ tomlini, Joy. 

,, 5. ,, uubigena, Beit. 

„ 6. Olibrus flavicornis, Stm. 
,, 7. Coccinella 10-punctata v. confluens, Hato. 
„ 8. ,, 1 1 -punctata y. confluens, Zoom's. 

,, 9. Anatia ocellata v. hebraea, L. 

,, 10. Mysia oblongoguttata v. nigroguttata, Dollman. 

, 11. Scymnus limonii, Bonis. 

,, 12. Triplax bicolor, Gyll. 

,, 13. „ lacordairei. Crotch. 



Sup^ PLATE 12. 












EC.KrdgKt ieletlith 



A&ioent Br oote X) ay & S onLt^irap 



L. Reeve i3(-C° London- 



SUPT. PLATE XIII 

Fig. 1. Aulouium trisalcatum, Geof. 
,, 2. Hypocaccus rngifrous. P/.'. 
,, 3. Carphophilus 6-pustulatus, F. 
,, k lihizopliagus oblongocollis, Blotch. 
i, 5. ,, cosruleipenuis, Said. 

„ 6. Holoparamecus caularum, Auh. 
,, 7. Lathridius bergrothi, Beit. 
,, 8. Corticaria crenicollis, Mann. 
„ 9. „ longicollis, Zett. 

„ 10. Melanoplithalma distinguenda, Com. 
,,11. ,, similata, G'l/ll. 

„ 12. Pediacus dermestoides, F. 

„ 13. Lsemophloeus monilis, F 



Supt PLATE 13. 
















E.C.Kmght deletlitK 



s'i_'\c'='ntETOo'ks,B ay&. Son Lt^oraj) 



L Reeve &.C°London. 



SUPT. PLATE XIV 



Fig. 1. Silvanus mercator, Fauv. 

2. Cryptophagns bimaculatus, P.z 

3. Micrambe abietis, P/j. 

4. Henoticus serratus, Gyll. 

5. Hadrotoma nigripes, F. 
G. Dryops hiridus, Er. 



7. 


„ ernesti, Des Goz. 


8. 


,, striatellus, Fair. 


9. 


,, anglicanus, Fd wards. 


10. 


„ auriculatus, Gcof. 


11. 


„ griseus, Fr. 


12. 


,, nitidulus, Hcer. 



13. Aphodius uemoralis, Fr. 



Sup^ PLATE 14. 
















E.C.KmflT.tdel.etlith 



Vincent BrooT<5,Day&SonLt^imp 



L .Re eve<ScC?Lond(3Ti. 



SUPT. PLATE XV 

Fig. 1. Diastictus vulneratus, Gyll. 

„ 2. Rliizotrogus ochraceus, Knock. 
,, 3. Melanophila acuminata, Be G. 
., i. Aphanisticus emarginatus, F. 
„ 5. Cardiophorus erichsoni, de Bmjs. 
., G. Ciyptoliypnus pulchellus, L. 
„ 7. Athous difformis, Lac. $ 
„ 8. Cantharis figurata v. cruachana, Chittij. 
,, 9. Malachius barnevelli, Put. 

„ 10. Ptiuus pusillus, Shn. 

,, 11. „ testacevis, Boicld. 

,, 12. ,, tectus, Boicld. 

„ 13. Trigonogenius globulum, Sol. 



Supt PLATE 15. 




E.C.l&ightdeleLlith. 



"^Ancent Brooks,D ay ^SoTiLf^imp 



LReeve (?^C? London. 



SUPT. PLATE XVI 

Fig. 1. Ernobius abieti?, F. 

,, 2. Dinoderus minutus, F. 

., 3. Cis deutatus, Mcllie. 

,, 4. Asemum striatum v. aegestre, F. 

,, 5. Oriocephalus rusticus, L. 

,, 6. ,, ferus, Kr. 

,, 7. Tetropium gabrieli, Weise. 

,, 8. ,, ,, V. crawshayi, Slip. 

,, 9. Pliymatodes lividus, Rossi. 

„ 10. Olytus mysticus v. hieroglyphicus, Hbst. 

,, 11. Pachj^ta 6 maculata, L. 6 

,, 13. Gramoptera holomelina, Pool. 



Supt PLATE 16, 
















E.CJ^ighl (lel.etMi, 



Vincent Bro6ks,Day&Sonlt"^xrap. 



L . Re eve ijJZ^.h ondon . 



SUPT. PLATE XVII. 

Fig. 1. Oberea oculata v. quadrimaculata, Donis. 

2. Mouohamus sutor, L. 

3. Bruchus pectinicornis, L. S 
i. „ affinis, Froli. 

5. Orsodacna cerasi, v. glabrata, F. 

6. Lema ericbsoui, Bifff. 

7. Gynandropbtbalma affinis, Helhv. 

8. Oryptocepbalus bipnnctatus, L. 

9. ,, pavulus V. barbareas, Steph. 

10. Galerucella pusilla, Wcisc. 

11. ,, fergussoni, Fowler. 

12. Lochmaea suturalis v. nigrita, Weise. 

13. Longitarsns nigerrimns, Gyll. 



Sup^ PLATE 17. 









E.C.Maight del.eilitK. 



ASnceTitBrooks.Day&SorLTjt^arap 



L. Reeve &. C ? X oj^don 



SUPT. PLATE XVIII. 

Fig. 1. Longitavsus plautago-maritinuis, Dolhnan 

„ 2. ,, ,, ,, ';. perplexus, Dolliiiau 

„ 3. Crepidodera impressa, F. 
„ i. Chsetocnema confusa. Boh. 

„ 5. ,, arida, Foudras. 

,, 6. „ conducta, Mots. 

,, 7. Dibolia cynoglossi, Koch. 

,, 8. Oassida uobilis v. doUmani, Bonis. 
,, 9. Pentapbylus testacens, ffell. 

,, 10. Hypophloeus linearis, F\ 

„ 11. Cteniopus sulphureus v. bicolor, F. 

„ 12. Eryx fairmairei, Beich. 

., 13. Carida affins, Fk. 



Sup* PLATE 18, 



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E.CT&ight del, ©tilth. 



'\5ncent BrooJ<s,Day &SoALt?imp 



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SUPT. PLATE XIX. 

Fi<j. 1. Rabocerus bishopi, Sharp. 

„ 2. Lissodema cursor, Gyll. 

,, 3. Oedemera viresceus, Z. ^ 

„ 4. Sitaris muralis v, flava, Hanivi. 

„ 5. Rhynchites harwoodi, Joi/ S 

" ^' j> >j }> + 

,, 7. Apion kiesenwetteri, Desb. 

„ 8. Otiorhynchus auro-punctatus, Gyll. 

„ 9. Strophosomus curvipes, TJionis. 

,, 10. Barypeithes pyrenaeus, SeidL 

,, 11. Bxomias duplicatus, Keys ^ 

,^ 12. „ „ „ ? 

,, 13. Bagous diglyptus, Boh. 



Sup^ PLATE 19. 





\ 










E.C.KnigKt del.etlith. 



"^icentBrooVs, Ofiy- ^S 



X.Reeve <kC° London 



SUPT. PLATE XX. 

Fig. 1. Tychius polylineatus, Germ. 

2. ,, hsematopus, GyJl 

3. ,, melliloti, Steph. 

4. Anoplus roboris, Suf. 

5. Miarus micros, Germ. 

6. Gyranetroa linarise, Pz. 

7. Autbonomus rufus, Sch. 

8. Cionus longicollis, Bris. 

9. Ceuthorhynchus syrites. Germ, 

10. ,, parvuhis, Bris. 

11. ,, querceti, Gyll. 

12. Baris lepidii, Germ. 

13. Pityogenes trepanatns, Nord. 



Sup^ PLATE 20. 







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