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Full text of "Columbia Theological Seminary Bulletin: Course Catalog 1948-1949"

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I 




1948-1949 



ONE HUNDRED AND TWENTY-FIRST YEAR 




Voium* XLI 



APRIL, 1948 



nsned quarterly by the Directors and fac- 
ulty of Columbia Theological Seminary of the 
Presbyterian Church, U. S. 

Entered as second class matter, May 9, 1928, at 

the post office at Decatur, Ga. t under the Act 

of Congress of August 24, 1912. 



Columbia Theological 
Seminary 

Decatur, Georgia 



Founded 1 828 

An Accredited Member of the American 
Association of Theological Schools 



CATALOGUE 

and 

ANNOUNCEMENTS 



Owned and controlled by the Synods of 
Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi 
- and South Carolina 

SERVING THE SOUTHEAST 



Calendar 1948 



1948 JANUARY 1948 


1948 APRIL 1948 


1948 JULY 1948 


1948 OCTOBER 1948 


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1948 AUGUST 1948 


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Calendar 1949 



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Board of Directors 

WILLIAM V. GARDNER, Chairman 
SAM BURNEY HAY, Secretary 



Term to Expire May, 1948 

N. P. YOWELL, ESQ Orlando, Florida 

T. GUY WOOLFORD, ESQ Atlanta, Georgia 

J. W. DICKSON, ESQ Anderson, South Carolina 

REV. R. E. HOUGH Jackson, Mississippi 

REV. WM. V. GARDNER Atlanta, Georgia 

REV. J. HERNDON McCAIN Birmingham, Alabama 

REV. JOHN R. RICHARDSON . . . Spartanburg, South Carolina 

Term to Expire May, 1949 

REV. W. H. McINTOSH Hattiesburg, Mississippi 

REV. E. L. HILL Athens, Georgia 

W. R. BARRON, ESQ Columbia, South Carolina 

REV. EDWARD G. LILLY Charleston, South Carolina 

REV. JNO. D. THOMAS Pensacola, Florida 

REV. STUART R. OGLESBY Atlanta, Georgia 

RAY EVERS, ESQ Andalusia, Alabama 

Term to Expire May, 1950 

WILLIAM A. L. SIBLEY, ESQ Union South Carolina 

REV. SAM BURNEY HAY Auburn, Alabama 

REV. U. S. GORDON Gainesville, Florida 

REV. A. L. PATTERSON Savannah, Georgia 

REV. GEO. M. TELFORD Abbeville, South Carolina 

J. R. McCAIN, ESQ Decatur, Georgia 

REV. DWYN M. MOUNGER Carthage, Mississippi 

Executive Committee 

J. R. McCAIN, Chairman 
E. L. HILL WM. V. GARDNER 

GEO. M. TELFORD WM. A. L. SIBLEY 

Finance Committee 
H. LANE YOUNG, Chairman 
W. D. BEATIE J. R. McCAIN 

ADRIAN C. FORD T. GUY WOOLFORD 



Officers of Administration 



PRESIDENT 

THE REV. JAMES McDOWELL RICHARDS, D.D. 

DEAN OF INSTRUCTION 

THE REV. FELIX B. GEAR, Ph.D., D.D. 

CLERK OF THE FACULTY 

THE REV. CECIL A. THOMPSON, S.T.M. 

REGISTRAR AND TREASURER 

MISS C. VIRGINIA HARRISON 

LIBRARIAN 

MRS. JULIA D. ANDERSON 

DIETITIAN AND HOSTESS 

MRS. J. HOLMES SMITH 



Faculty 



THE REV. JAMES McDOWELL RICHARDS, D.D. 

PRESIDENT AND PROFESSOR OF PASTORAL THEOLOGY 



THE REV. EDGAR D. KERR, D.D. 

PROFESSOR OF OLD TESTAMENT LANGUAGE, LITERATURE, AND EXEGESIS 



THE REV. JAMES B. GREEN, D.D, LL.D. 

PROFESSOR OF HOMILETICS 



THE REV. WM. CHILDS ROBINSON, Th.D, D.D. 

PROFESSOR OF ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY, CHURCH POLITY, AND MISSIONS 



THE REV. SAMUEL A. CARTLEDGE, Ph.D. 

PROFESSOR OF NEW TESTAMENT LANGUAGE, LITERATURE, AND EXEGESIS 



THE REV. MANFORD GEORGE GUTZKE, D.D. 

PROFESSOR OF ENGLISH BIBLE AND RELIGIOUS EDUCATION 



THE REX. FELIX B. GEAR, PhD, D.D. 

PROFESSOR OF SYSTEMATIC THEOLOGY 



THE REV. CECIL A. THOMPSON, S.T.M. 

PROFESSOR OF EVANGELISM AND COUNTRY CHURCH WORK 
SUPERVISOR OF FIELD WORK 



THE REV. HUBERT V. TAYLOR, B.D. 

INSTRUCTOR IN PUBLIC SPEECH 



GHAS. A. SHELDON, JR.,D.Mus. 

INSTRUCTOR IN MUSIC AND HYMOLOGY 



THE SMYTH LECTURER FOR 1948-49 
WILL BE 

THE REV. OTTO A. PIPER U D.D. 






The Seminary 

HISTORIC COLUMBIA 

On December 15, 1828, the Synod of South Carolina and 
Georgia, representing Presbyterianism from North Carolina to 
the Mississippi, inaugurated this institution by electing Rev. 
Thomas Goulding, D.D., as its first professor. For two years Dr. 
Goulding conducted the work, chiefly propaedeutic, in the Pres- 
byterian manse at Lexington, Georgia. 

In 1830 the seminary was removed to Columbia, South Caro- 
lina, and the faculty complemented by the election of Dr. George 
Howe and Dr. Aaron W. Leland. Located in the center of South 
Carolina's capital, the Columbia campus was most attractive. 
The old chapel there was particularly interesting by reason of its 
history as well as its origin. Used originally as the carriage house 
of a Southern gentlemen, this little building was later dedicated 
to a sacred purpose and came in a peculiar way to symbolize the 
sanctity which was there so eloquently inculcated. It is remem- 
bered as the place where Woodrow Wilson was "reborn for 
eternity" and where the Southern Presbyterian Book of Church 
Order was written. There also the first classes of Winthrop Col- 
lege were held, and in 1936 the Board of Directors of the semi- 
nary presented the building to that institution, now located in 
Rock Hill, South Carolina, upon the condition that a tablet be 
placed upon its walls setting forth the most significant facts in 
connection with its past. Re-erected upon the campus of that col- 
lege the little building stands now as a link with the past of both 
institutions and as a reminder of spiritual truth for the thousands 
who visit it each year. 

While located in the city whose name she bears, Columbia 
Seminary numbered among her faculty and alumni many dis- 
tinguished leaders of thought and life in the Southern Presbyte- 
rian Church. Indeed, the great distinctive principles of our de- 
nomination were largely coined and minted there. Any mention 
of our polity immediately recalls the name of James Henley 
Thornwell; any consideration of the principle of the spirituality 
of the Church brings up the shade of Benjamin M. Palmer; while 
the missionary idealism and enterprise of our Church have been 
incarnated in John Leighton Wilson of Columbia's Society of 
Missionary Inquiry. As a tribute to the greatness of these and of 



others who have been likewise connected with its past, the insti- 
tution treasures the verdict of the late Dr. S. M. Tenney, first 
Curator of the Historical Foundation of our General Assembly, 
expressed to the author of a historical survey written at the end 
of its first century: "The fruit of your study, well substantiated, 
is that Columbia Seminary has influenced the life of the South- 
ern Presbyterian Church far more than any other institution, and 
that is saying much, and yet not so much as the facts you bring 
forward say." 

Early in the Twentieth Century a strong conviction developed 
in the Columbia territory that a re-location of the institution was 
necessary. At the time of the location in Columbia that city was 
near the center of the Presbyterian population of the Southeast. 
The development of the Gulf States and the shifting of the cen- 
ter of our constituency made necessary the removal of the semi- 
nary farther to the West in order to accomplish the original pur- 
pose for which the institution was founded, namely: "To light 
up another sun which shall throw farther West the light of the 
Gospel." 

In the fall of 1924 the controlling Synods of Alabama, Florida, 
Georgia, and South Carolina, on recommendation of the Board 
of Directors, decided to remove the seminary to Atlanta. Imme- 
diately following this decision the Synod of Mississippi accepted 
the invitation of her sister synods to unite in the ownership and 
control of the seminary. 

Atlanta Presbyterians provided a fifty-seven-acre campus upon 
the hills of Decatur. During the presidency of Dr. R. T. Gillespie 
two theological buildings, unsurpassed in the Presbyterian world, 
and four faculty homes, were erected. An additional faculty home 
has since been added to that number. 

In 1928, the Centennial of the founding of the seminary was 
celebrated during commencement week, with the gracious partic- 
ipation of the General Assembly then meeting in Atlanta. 

The wisdom of re-locating the seminary in Atlanta has been in- 
dicated not only by the success with which the removal was ac- 
complished but also by the enlarged service which the institution 
has already been enabled to render for its constituent synods. The 
outlook for the future development of the seminary, and for the 
further enlargement of its program to meet the ever-increasing 
need of the Church, is most encouraging. 

10 



The spirit of the old Columbia is being written into the life of 
the new. In the light of modern scholarship the students of today 
are gaining clear intellectual apprehensions of the great truths 
of the fathers. The romance of Columbia's yesterdays presages 
the reality of her tomorrows. 

INSTRUCTION 

Columbia Seminary has always sought to maintain the highest 
standards of scholarship, and in recent years has kept pace with 
the practice of the best institutions of learning outside the theo- 
logical world by encouraging all full professors to earn a doctor's 
degree, or a graduate degree of similar standing from some rec- 
ognized university. Thus, while conservative in theological out- 
look, this institution is progressive in method and emphasizes the 
necessity for a broad acquaintance with all fields of modern 
learning. Each member of the faculty is thoroughly prepared in 
the field of his particular instruction and is well equipped to lead 
his students in their studies and to assist them in evaluating the 
material under consideration. It is our belief that the modern 
minister has a positive duty to be thoroughly conversant with 
modern scholarship and with all present trends in theological 
thought, in order that he may meet the problems of his people. 
Hence it is our effort to encourage a broad general reading while, 
at the same time, laying a firm foundation for the student in a 
thorough acquaintance with the revealed truth of God's Word 
and with the historic standards of our Church. 

A real emphasis is placed upon genuine scholarship, for scholar- 
ship is the invaluable tool of the minister. The fact is recognized, 
however, that it is only a tool, and that unless it is dominated by 
the spirit of Christ it is worthless. All instruction at Columbia, 
therefore, seeks constantly to emphasize the practical, spiritual, 
and devotional values of the material which is studied. 

GROUNDS AND BUILDINGS 

The physical equipment of Columbia Seminary in Decatur is 
in all respects adequate for the needs of a modern theological in- 
stitution. The buildings are constructed of red brick faced with 
gray limestone, and their architecture, based upon the graceful 
lines of the academic Gothic, is beautiful and impressive. Camp- 
bell Hall, the administration building, contains the classrooms, 

11 



the library, the chapel, the dining hall and kitchen, social rooms, 
and offices of administration. In the entrance hallway of this 
building, which was erected through the generosity of the late 
Mr. J. B. Campbell of Atlanta in memory of his mother, is a 
bronze memorial on which is inscribed this inspiring and appro- 
priate legend: 

CAMPBELL HALL 

Erected in Loving Tribute to 
A Devoted Consecrated Christian Mother 

VIRGINIA ORME CAMPBELL 

"There Is No Higher Calling on Earth 
Than That of the Christian Ministry* 

The dormitory is divided into four sections, two of which bear 
the names of the seminary's former dormitories in Columbia, 
Simons and Law Halls. Each room has hot and cold running 
water, and there are showers on each floor of each section. All 
windows in the dormitory are screened. Rooms are furnished with 
single beds, mattresses and pillows, study tables and book shelves. 
Students are required to bring their own sheets, bed covers, pil- 
low cases, and towels. The whole plant is heated by steam. Five 
homes for faculty members have been built on the campus, and 
several other members of the faculty have apartments in the dor- 
mitory. All the permanent buildings are beautiful and substan- 
tial, and everything that might lend to their comfort and effi- 
ciency has been included. Temporary buildings which provide 
apartments for eighteen veterans of World War II with their 
families have been erected for the seminary by the F.P.H.A. 

The campus, consisting of some fifty-seven acres of rolling 
woodland, is of unusual natural beauty, and allows ample room 
for future expansion. Members of the student body have opened 
a number of inviting pathways through the wooded section of 
the campus, and these furnish opportunity for exercise through 
walking at all seasons of the year. 

ACCREDITATION 

Columbia Seminary is a member of the American Association 
of Theological Schools and its work is fully accredited by that or- 

12 



ganization. This approval of its work assures graduates of the 
seminary of full academic recognition for courses completed in 
its classrooms. The Association makes no attempt to dictate the 
theological views of its members but is concerned only with the 
maintenance and improvement of their educational standards. 
The seminary is also a member of the Presbyterian Educational 
Association of the South. 

DIRECTIONS FOR REACHING THE SEMINARY 

The campus of the seminary is located in the southeast section 
of Decatur, Georgia, about one-half mile from the bus line. 
Students coming by train over roads other than the Georgia Rail- 
road will ordinarily save time by taking the trackless trolley to 
Decatur after arriving at an Atlanta station. For purposes of con- 
venience, however, they are advised in all instances to purchase 
rail tickets from the point at which they entrain to Decatur in 
order that baggage may be checked through to the local station. 

Upon arriving at the station in Atlanta, students may telephone 
to the seminary to receive instructions how to reach the seminary, 
or they may ask the clerk at either the Information or the Trav- 
eler's Aid desk, how to reach the North Decatur trolley. Trunk 
checks should be brought to the seminary, where arrangements 
will be made for transfer of trunks and other baggage. 

From all stations it is better to take the North Decatur trofiey 
In reaching this line it will be necessary to transfer once, except 
from the Union Station, where the trolley passes within a short 
distance. 

Upon arrival in Decatur leave the trolley at the end of the 
route in front of the DeKalb County Court House. Taxicab serv- 
ice at reasonable rates is easily available from this point to the 
seminary. In case of confusion or of difficulty in carrying out 
these directions, call the seminary from some nearby telephone 
and, if possible, a car will be dispatched from this point. 

Students who travel by bus may buy their tickets to Decatur, 
where they will alight near the center of the city and should pro- 
ceed in accordance with the directions given above for those ar- 
riving by trolley. 



13 



CULTURAL ADVANTAGES 

As a center of transportation and commerce with a population 
of approximately 550,000, Greater Atlanta offers many advan- 
tages in a social and cultural way. Thus, in addition to the facili- 
ties available through its schools, it provides a multitude of worth- 
while opportunities for the enrichment of the mental and spirit- 
ual life. Atlanta has long been famous as perhaps the outstand- 
ing musical center of the South, but it also draws visitors of dis- 
tinction in practically every field of human activity. Throughout 
the year students have opportunities to hear preachers, educa- 
tors, scholars, and political leaders of national or worldwide fame, 
and to the individual who uses these opportunities wisely, they 
constitute a liberal education in themselves. 

A GREATER UNIVERSITY CENTER 

The presence in Atlanta of numerous outstanding educational 
institutions has awakened in its leaders the idea of a great coop- 
erative development in education. Plans have now definitely taken 
shape for the erection of a great university system, modeled after 
the plan successfully followed in Toronto, Canada, in which the 
University System of Georgia, Emory University, The Georgia 
Institute of Technology, Agnes Scott College, The High Museum 
of Art, and Columbia Theological Seminary are cooperating 
units under this arrangement. Each school maintains its absolute 
independence and its own distinctive standards, but each has full 
access to the library and faculty resources of the others. This plan 
has been approved by the General Education Board of New 
York, which has already made generous appropriations for the 
establishment of a union card catalogue of the various libraries 
represented. This catalogue makes it possible for a student or pro- 
fessor in any of the cooperating institutions to locate and have 
access to any volume contained in any individual library. An 
agreement has been reached between the faculties of Columbia 
Seminary and of the Candler School of Theology in Emory Uni- 
versity that students of either institution may, with the consent 
of their professors, be admitted to courses taught in the other. In 
certain cases this arrangement may be of benefit to undergrad- 
uate students in these schools, but it should be of particular value 
to those who are taking work toward advanced degrees. When 

14 



the entire program becomes operative it will make Atlanta one 
of the greatest educational centers in America and will afford 
students in the seminary opportunities for graduate work which 
can ordinarily be found only in a great university. 

OPPORTUNITIES FOR OBSERVING RELIGIOUS WORK 

The City of Atlanta, with its Presbyterian Church membership 
of more than 18,000 and with its enrollment of 12,218 in Presby- 
terian Sunday Schools, furnishes to the students various oppor- 
tunities for engaging in active religious work. Within the metro- 
politan area every type of church and every form of Christian 
activity is found. This gives opportunity to study the work of 
typical churches, both of our own and other denominations. 

In the outlying agricultural district, and in the villages and 
towns which lie within easy reach of the seminary, the students 
have opportunity to study, under most favorable conditions, 
church work in the rural and small town communities. This ideal 
location furnishes exceptional advantages of a clinical nature for 
the thorough preparation of ministers equipped for every task 
which the Church faces. The opportunities thus afforded for 
studying methods of church work at first-hand are of especial 
value to classes in Pastoral Theology, in Homiletics, and in Re- 
ligious Education, and greatly strengthen the quality of the work 
offered in these departments. A description of the observation 
work required in these classes will be found in the brief prospec- 
tus of courses published elsewhere in this catalogue. 

COLUMBIA'S TERRITORY 

Statistics of the Church in Columbia's territory tell a graphic 
story. When the seminary was founded it took both South Caro- 
lina and Georgia to form one synod and that, at its best, was not 
large in membership. It contained five presbyteries, two in Geor- 
gia and three in South Carolina, and these consisted of 128 
churches with 8,560 communicants served by 73 ministers and 1 1 
licentiates. The territory of Columbia Seminary now contains 
five synods, which cover an area stretching from the Atlantic 
Ocean to the Mississippi River, and from the North Carolina- 
Tennessee line to Key West. Greater Atlanta, the home of the 
seminary, is in the center not only of this territory but of the en- 
tire South. 

15 



This area contains 247,785 square miles with a population of 
over ten million persons. Our Church in this territory reports 
1,124 churches, 178,819 members, and 735 ordained ministers 
and licentiates. Great as is the progress which has been made, 
however, the Southeast continues to be one of the greatest home 
mission areas of America, and Presbyterianism has not done its 
proportionate share toward the evangelization of this territory. 
There is genuine need for a strong theological seminary located 
in the heart of this section to send out well trained and warm- 
hearted young ministers into the development of the synods and 
the extension of their work. 

Strategically located as it is, Columbia Seminary possesses a 
unique opportunity for service. It deserves the loyalty and the 
support of students and of financial benefactors not only by rea- 
son of its educational importance, but because it is one of the 
great Home Mission agencies of the Church. 

TERMS OF ADMISSION AND GRADUATION 

Every student seeking admission to the seminary must present 
the following credentials: 

1. A letter from competent officials in his church stating that 
he is in full communion with the Church, and that on the basis 
both of Christian character and of natural gifts he is recom- 
mended for admission as a student of theology. Under ordinary 
circumstances each Presbyterian student applying for admission 
is expected to present a statement from his presbytery authoriz- 
ing him to enter this seminary. 

2. A transcript of his record at the last institution attended 
furnishing evidence of the fact that he has completed a regular 
course of study and has received an approved degree. If he has 
not completed such a course the student will only be admitted 
upon the special request of his presbytery, or of a similar church 
court in other denominations, with recommendation that he be 
received as an extraordinary case. In such cases the student will 
be expected to furnish evidence that he has received adequate 
training in subjects fundamental to the studies of the seminary 
or he may be required to stand an entrance examination given by 
the faculty. It is becoming increasingly difficult for men who 
have not had full college education to find a place in the min- 
istry, and Columbia Seminary definitely discourages such men 
from seeking admission unless it be under most exceptional cir- 
cumstances. 

16 



If the applicant for admission is an ordained minister, he must 
present a letter from the ecclesiastical body to which he belongs 
stating that he is in good and regular standing, and must meet 
the necessary academic requirements. 

COLLEGE PREPARATION 

The academic degree offered upon entrance to the seminary 
should represent four years of collegiate work. Other degrees than 
that of Bachelor of Arts, showing the completion of an adequate 
collegiate course, will be accepted as satisfying the academic re- 
quirements for admission to the seminary; but the classical course 
of study leading to the degree of Bachelor of Arts is the normal 
course of preparation for the seminary. 

In order to further the program of cooperation between col- 
leges of agriculture and theological seminaries which has recently 
been developed, this institution will accept graduates of four- 
year colleges of agriculture as candidates for its degree. 

There is scarcely any branch of learning which is not of very 
great value to the student for the ministry. Adequate time should 
be given to Latin, Greek, Philosophy, Bible History, Ancient and 
Modern History, the English Language, English Literature, Edu- 
cation, and Psychology. It is also highly important that the stu- 
dent should have the broadest possible acquaintance with the 
facts of modern science. 

It is desirable that all students of the seminary shall have com- 
pleted the proposed minimum pre-seminary curriculum which is 
printed on page 54 of this catalogue. Those who lack basic 
courses in English, History, the Natural Sciences, Philosophy, 
and the Social Sciences may be required to do supplementary 
work in these fields under the guidance of faculty members. 

Instruction in the New Testament department presupposes 
knowledge of Greek. Students should make an earnest effort to 
take during their college course at least two years or three quar- 
ters of Greek, either Classical or New Testament. Students who 
have not had this minimum of College Greek will have to take 
a larger number of hours to graduate from seminary, including 
more work in grammar and somewhat less work in interpreta- 
tion. For the exact differences between the two groups of stu- 
dents, see the description of courses under the New Testament 
department. 

17 



STUDENTS FROM OTHER SEMINARIES 

A student coming from another seminary of recognized stand- 
ing will be received ad eundem gradum on his presentation of a 
letter from that seminary certifying to his good standing, and 
regularly dismissing him to this seminary. He must also comply 
with the terms of admission set forth above, and if a candidate 
for the degree of Bachelor of Divinity, he must satisfy the re- 
quirements of this seminary with reference to knowledge of the 
original languages of Scripture. 



THEOLOGICAL DEGREES 

The standard degree of the seminary is that of Bachelor of 
Divinity (B.D.). Any student who completes in a satisfactory 
manner all of the courses of study required in the seminary, and 
who has presented to the faculty a diploma of graduation from 
a recognized college or university, will receive a diploma from 
this seminary certifying that he has earned this degree. 

The revised Form of Government authorizes the faculty to 
grant the degree of Master of Theology (Th.M.) for not less 
than one years' additional resident study; and the degree of Doc- 
tor of Theology (Th.D.) for not less than two years' additional 
resident work. The latter of these degrees is not offered at the 
present time, however, and it will be the policy of the institution 
not to offer it until such time as an enlargement of the seminary's 
teaching and library staff makes possible a greater emphasis on 
advanced research work. Studies leading to the degree of Th.M. 
are now available for properly qualified students, however, and 
the requirements for this degree are stated elsewhere in the 
catalogue. 

PLEDGE 

In addition to meeting the foregoing qualifications for admis- 
sion to the seminary, the Board of Directors requires each stu- 
dent to subscribe to the following declaration: 

"Deeply impressed with a sense of the importance of improv- 
ing in knowledge, prudence and piety, in my preparation for the 
Gospel ministry, I solemnly promise, in a reliance on divine grace, 
that I will faithfully and diligently attend on all the instructions 
of this seminary, and that I will conscientiously and vigilantly 

18 



observe all the rules and regulations specified in the plan for its 
instruction and government, so far as the same relates to the 
students; and that I will obey all the lawful requisitions, and 
readily yield to all the wholesome admonitions of the professors 
and directors of the seminary while I shall continue a member 
of it." 

REPORTS TO PRESBYTERIES 

The seminary regularly reports to the proper authorities in the 
presbytery the results of each term of work as indicated by the 
student's attendance, punctuality, deportment, diligence, and 
scholastic standing. 

A student who fails to complete satisfactorily all of his aca- 
demic work, or otherwise prove himself a worthy candidate, will 
not be eligible for scholarship aid during the following quarter 
unless special providential circumstances lead the faculty to make 
an exception in his case. 

THEOLOGICAL INTERNSHIPS 

Columbia Seminary has pioneered for the Presbyterian Church 
in providing opportunity for certain of its students to take a year 
of clinical training under the oversight of older and more expe- 
rienced ministers. This year is ordinarily to be taken between the 
Middle and Senior years at the seminary in order that the stu- 
dent in his last year of academic work may devote himself espe- 
cially to problems which he has discovered during his period of 
practical training. The faculty of the seminary maintains close 
contact with the student and with the minister under whom he 
serves during the clinical year and is always prepared to offer its 
assistance and advice. Any student may apply for appointment to 
such an internship, but the decision of the faculty will be made 
in the light of its judgment as to the best interests of the individ- 
ual concerned. No student is required to take this fourth year of 
training contrary to his own wishes and none is permitted to do 
so without permission of his presbytery. In all instances the 
church with which the student serves will provide room, board, 
and $75.00 per month for a period of twelve months extending 
from September 1st to September 1st. The plan has evoked 
highly favorable comment throughout the Church as constituting 
a real forward step in theological education. 

19 



EXPENSES 

The Presbyterian Church has always provided generously for 
the education of its ministerial students and charges made by the 
seminaries have never represented even the approximate cost of 
a theological education. At the present time the policy of all 
seminaries in the Presbyterian Church, U. S., is to fix their fees 
upon the same general level, which has been set in such a way 
as to place the opportunity for theological training within the 
grasp of any qualified candidate. At the same time the very rea- 
sonable charges made afford the student an opportunity to share 
with the Church in meeting the expense of his theological educa- 
tion. Fees for the school session of 1948-49 have been fixed as 
follows : 

Registration and Maintenance $ 1 05.00 

Room Rent _ _ 87.00 

Board (subject to change) 297.00 

Student Activities 4.50 

Total $493.50 

The fee for registration and maintenance will be due in three 
installments of $35.00, payable at the beginning of each quarter. 
The student activities fee is to be paid at the beginning of the 
school year. Charges for room and board are made at the end of 
each quarter. No student wil be granted a degree by the seminary 
until he has satisfied all financial obligations incurred during his 
residence here. 

The charges made for graduate students will be the same as 
for other members of the student body. 

A diploma fee of $5.00 is to be paid in advance of commence- 
ment by each student receiving a degree from the seminary. 

A limited number of rooms for married students are available 
in a section of the dormitory reserved for that purpose. These 
are designed especially to meet the need of students who have 
married before deciding to study for the ministry. The seminary 
cannot commit itself in advance to provide rooms for students 
who marry during their course of study at the institution. In the 
case of the wives of married students occupying rooms in the 
dormitory and boarding in the refectory, no additional room rent 
will be required, but a higher fee will be charged for those who 

20 



I 



board elsewhere. Board in the seminary refectory will also be 
available to them at the regular rate charged for students. A 
maintenance fee of $10.00 per year is charged each couple resid- 
ing in the dormitory. 

The seminary also owns thirty apartments for occupancy by 
the families of students, eighteen of these being available for 
veterans only. 

Each student is expected to care for his own room in the dor- 
mitory, but janitor service is provided for all other parts of the 
buildings. 

The boarding department is efficiently administered by Mrs. 
J. Holmes Smith as dietitian and hostess, assisted by a competent 
and faithful group of servants. As the refectory is operated upon 
a non-profit-making basis, the charge made represents the actual 
cost to the seminary of providing this service, so far as it is pos- 
sible to estimate the cost in the light of past experience. An at- 
tempt is made to make the meals as wholesome and as well bal- 
anced as possible rather than as cheap as possible, and the regu- 
lar fare will compare favorably with that at any similar institu- 
tion. 

Textbooks. — All required books are available at our book store 
at reduced prices, but there are also frequent opportunities for 
students to economize by purchasing second-hand copies. The 
cost of textbooks will usually amount to approximately $45.00 
per year. 

Incidental Expenses. — The student's incidental expenses will 
naturally be determined in large measure by the temperament 
and disposition of the individual concerned. A careful student 
will be able to hold this incidental expense to a surprisingly small 
amount. 

FINANCIAL AID 

Loans to Candidates. — The General Assembly's Committee of 
Christian Education and Ministerial Relief, Louisville, Kentucky, 
provides a loan each year for deserving students who are prop- 
erly recommended by their presbyteries. This loan is to be repaid 
under conditions prescribed by the General Assembly. In recent 
years the Committee has fixed the ordinary amount of this loan 
at $100.00, though this amount may be altered in the light of 
changing conditions. Application for the loan should be made 
through the chairman of the Committee of Christian Education 
in the presbytery. The seminary will be glad to furnish informa- 
tion and to render assistance in the matter. 

21 



The payment of the student's loan is usually made in two in- 
stallments. The first installment is received in October; the sec- 
ond in March. 

In case of special need loans may also be secured through the 
seminary. 

Scholarships. — In addition to the loans described above there 
are a number of scholarships available for students who are un- 
able to meet their expenses without further financial assistance. 
These scholarships are regarded not as gifts but as an investment 
made by the Church in the training of its ministry. The amount 
granted to any student is to be determined in the light of his 
other resources and of the quality of work which he has done. 
Scholarships cannot be awarded to those whose grades do not 
measure up to requirements. Application for this aid is to be 
made to the president of the seminary on forms which will be 
supplied upon request. 

All scholarships will be payable in regular installments through- 
out the year according to a schedule which will be set by the bus- 
iness office of the seminary. 

In addition to meeting the requirements stated above the stu- 
dent who receives a scholarship must 

Have exhausted his own resources and have exercised the op- 
portunity to borrow from the Assembly's Executive Committee of 
Christian Education. 

Under regulations of the institution all students receiving 
scholarship aid are ordinarily expected to render a reasonable 
amount of service to the seminary in return, and student help is 
used in the library, in the dining room, and on the grounds. The 
work done is of substantial assistance to the seminary, and the 
students are enabled to enjoy a feeling of greater independence 
and self-respect through the fact that they are rendering some 
service in return for the aid received. 

A student who marries during the period of his preparation for 
the ministry will not ordinarily be eligible to receive scholarship 
aid thereafter, nor can scholarship aid be granted to ordained 
ministers who may enroll for special or graduate work. 

VETERANS' BENEFITS 
Columbia Theological Seminary is one of the institutions ap- 
proved by the government as a place of study for veterans receiv- 
ing educational benefits under the "G. I. Bill of Rights." Sixty- 
one such veterans of the recent World War were enrolled in the 

22 



institution during the school year 1947-48. In order to save 
as much time as possible for these men, the institution permits 
individuals who are being discharged from the service of their 
country to begin their studies at any period during the year. 

Self Help. — The location of the seminary and the nature of its 
schedule make it very difficult for its students to earn money by 
secular work done during the school term. A number of posi- 
tions in playground and Boys* Club work are available annu- 
ally through the Decatur Recreation Board and the Atlanta 
Y. M. C. A., however, and these have been a source of help to 
many students. After the first year in the seminary, the student 
may earn a part of his expenses through engagements for sum- 
mer work or for supply preaching in churches near the institution. 

OUTLINE OF COURSES FOR THE DEGREE OF 
BACHELOR OF DIVINITY 







JUNIOR YEAR 




Fall Quart* r 


Winter Quarter 


Spring Quarter 


201. 


History 


202. History 


203. History 


130. 


New Testament 


401. Regilious 


131. New Testament 


451. 


Homiletics 


Education 


150. English Bible 


126. 


New Testament 


470. New Testament 

Evangelism 
426. Pastoral Theology 
127. New Testament 

MIDDLE YEAR 


300. Theology 


101. 


Old Testament 


102. Old Testament 


103. Old Testament 


326. 


Apologetics 


132. New Testament 


151. English Bible 


301. 


Theology 


302. Theology 


303. Theology 


402. 


Religious 


161. English Bible 


452. Homiletica 




Education 


480. Rural Church 
Work 

SENIOR YEAR 




304. 


Theology 


305. Theology 


306. Theology 


104. 


Old Testament 


204. History 


133. New Testament 


152. 


English Bible 


453. Homiletics 


153B. English Bible 


471. 


Methods of 


155 A. English 


(3 hrs.) 




Evangelism 


Bible (2 hrs.) 


427. Pastoral Theology 



For students beginning Greek in seminary: 

Junior year, fall quarter: take N. T. 126 instead of N. T. 130. 

Junior year, winter quarter: take N. T. 127 instead of N. T. Evan- 
gelism. 

Senior year, winter quarter: take N. T. Evangelism, which was 
omitted in Junior year. 

23 



THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF THEOLOGY (Th.M.) 

The degree of Master of Theology is granted to a student who 
has spent a year or more in graduate study, has completed satis- 
factorily at least forty hours of work, has presented an acceptable 
thesis on some approved subject, and has passed a final oral ex- 
amination before the faculty or a committee of the faculty. 

It is ordinarily wise for three full quarters to be spent in resi- 
dence. It is possible, however, for a student who attends two full 
quarters, or four half-quarter terms and who has earned thirty 
hours of credit to earn the remaining ten hours by thesis courses 
completed in absentia under faculty supervision. 

The seminary is under no obligation to admit a student to can- 
didacy for the degree unless the faculty is convinced that the stu- 
dent could profit by a year's study and that a satisfactory course 
of study can be planned from the courses that are available at 
the time. A prospective student should confer with the president 
and the professors under whom he plans to study before under- 
taking work. 

Each applicant is expected to present evidence of achievement 
and competence as a student, especially in the field of his major 
interest. He must have the degree of B.D. from this seminary or 
its academic equivalent. He must have passed the regular B.D. 
courses in Hebrew and Greek ; those students who plan to do their 
major work in the New or Old Testament departments must be 
able to handle the appropriate language with ease. 

Some of the courses for the degree will be regular classroom 
courses. There will also be some courses in which qualified stu- 
dents will carry on a program of work in the library under the 
direction of the professors. 

Both the course of study and the subject chosen for the thesis 
must be approved by the professors of the group of specialization. 
In no case shall less than fifteen hours be taken in the group 
of specialization. No student may take more than fifteen hours 
of graduate work during one quarter. The thesis must be ap- 
proved by a committee of the faculty at least two weeks before 
the degree is granted. Three typewritten, bound copies of the 
thesis must be deposited in the library. 

24 



A student whose thesis subject and course of study have been 
approved by the professors of his group and who has met the lan- 
guage requirements may then apply for formal admission to can- 
didacy for the degree. Admission to candidacy is to be granted 
by a majority vote of the faculty. A student cannot be granted 
a degree until at least four calendar months after he has been ad- 
mitted to candidacy. 

At least a week before the degree is to be awarded, the candi- 
date must pass a satisfactory examination before the faculty or a 
committee appointed by the faculty. The examination may cover 
the whole field in which the student is specializing, but empha- 
sis will be placed on the subjects covered in the thesis and the 
courses submitted for the degree. 

The thesis for the degree of Master of Theology must be writ- 
ten in some field of theological inquiry that offers potentialities 
for a real contribution to religious knowledge; must show an ade- 
quate acquaintance with the literature in the field chosen; must 
evidence a grasp of the subject culminating in well-supported 
conclusions; and must be presented in a creditable academic and 
literary form. 

Further detailed directions concerning the form in which this 
thesis is to be presented will be furnished candidates for the de- 
gree in printed form after their matriculation at the seminary. 

In order that a high standard of attainment in scholarship may 
be maintained, it may be advisable in many instances that the en- 
tire work leading to the degree should not be completed in one 
year, but that after meeting all residence requirements the stu- 
dent should be allowed the privilege of completing the writing of 
his thesis at a later date. 

THE ENGLISH COURSE 

This course is offered only for the benefit of certain students 
who may be received by their presbyteries under the extraordi- 
nary case clause of the Book of Church Order. Application for 
permission to pursue the English Course must, in every case, be 
made to the president of the seminary before the student begins 
his work and must be accompanied by a written request from the 
presbytery that the candidate in question be admited to this 
course. 

Students who take the English Course are permitted to omit 
Hebrew; and, when they do not have the necessary preparation 

25 



in Greek, they are permitted to omit certain courses in New Tes- 
tament Exegesis. The courses in Introductory Greek provide an 
opportunity for every student who wishes to do so to fit himself 
for work in New Testament Exegesis. 

In case the Hebrew and Greek are omitted, students are ex- 
pected to choose, from among the electives, courses sufficient to 
bring their daily work to fifteen hours per week. 

Those students who are permitted to take the English Courses 
are granted an appropriate certificate. 

BIBLE TRAINING COURSE 

In order to provide needed training for lay missionaries and for 
teachers of Bible in public schools, Columbia Seminary offers a 
one-year course especially designed to meet the requirements of 
students contemplating such service. Students enrolling for this 
training will be expected to carry at least fifteen hours of regular 
class work throughout the three quarters of the school year. Ap- 
proximately two-thirds of the work required in the course will or- 
dinarily be in the field of English Bible, and the student will thus 
be given full opportunity to equip himself in this vitally impor- 
tant subject. Other studies are to be elected from among the reg- 
ular courses offered in the catalogue after conference with the 
faculty. Under ordinary circumstances, however, it will prob- 
ably be advisable that work be taken in the History of Mis- 
sions, the Westminster Standards, Presbyterian History and Pol- 
ity, Evangelism, Religious Education, Public Speaking, and 
Hymnology. 

The course of study outlined above has been adopted after con- 
ference with the Executive Secretary of Foreign Missions for the 
Presbyterian Church, U. S., and has been approved by him as 
meeting the needs of lay missionaries in that Church. Students 
enrolling for the course must be properly recommended for ad- 
mission by competent authorities of their denomination. The 
seminary will award the degree of Master of Arts in Biblical Ed- 
ucation to graduates of approved colleges who satisfy the require- 
ments in this course by spending a year in resident study at the 
institution, by earning credit for at least forty hours' work, and 
by presenting, and sustaining an oral examination upon an ac- 
ceptable thesis on some approved subject. 

26 



EXAMINATIONS 

At the close of each quarter written examinations are held on 
the subjects studied during the quarter. No student is permitted 
to be absent from the examination of his class except for satis- 
factory reasons. In certain instances the professors may require 
a term paper or papers in lieu of an examination. A comprehen- 
sive examination in English Bible must also be passed by all can- 
didates for the B.D. Degree. 

GRADES AND DISTINCTIONS 

At the close of each quarter, grades are sent to all students and 
their presbyteries. 

A, (excellent) is the highest grade given; it is reserved for 
those students whose work is of a markedly superior quality. 

B, (superior) is the grade given for work which, while not 
notably superior, is clearly above the average. 

C, (average) is the grade given for satisfactory work of the 
average student. 

D, (inferior) is the grade given for work which, while not alto- 
gether satisfactory, is good enough to entitle the student to credit 
for the course. 

E, (conditioned) is the grade given those students whose work 
is not good enough to entitle them to credit for the course, but to 
whom the instructor is willing to allow a re-examination after 
additional study; on such re-examination no grade other than D 
or F can be given. 

F, (failure) is the grade given for failure and indicates that no 
credit can be had for the course except by repetition. 

Students who during their three years at the seminary have 
made no grade below A graduate "Summa Cum Laude." The 
distinction of "Magna Cum Laude" is awarded to those who 
have earned grades of A in 90 hours of their work and have re- 
ceived no grade below B. Students who have A's in 45 hours of 
their work, who have an average of B, and who have no grades 
below C are graduated "Cum Laude." In each of these cases the 
appropriate distinction is recorded upon the student's diploma. 

THE SCHEDULE 
In 1927 Columbia Seminary adopted the "Quarter System," 
which has become so popular in leading universities and grad- 
uate schools throughout the country. Each quarter consists of ten 
weeks for classes and one week for examinations. Columbia or- 

27 



dinarily gives work only during the fall, winter, and spring 
quarters. 

The system has proved most satisfactory, and it has several dis- 
tinct advantages over the older system. 

The attention of the student is normally centered on a com- 
paratively small number of courses. Experience has proved that 
this concentration of study makes it possible for more work 
to be done in each course than would be possible if the student's 
time were divided between seven or eight different subjects. 

An open Monday is secured without congestion on other days. 
Students preaching on Sundays need miss no classes. An oppor- 
tunity is given for supplementary and collateral reading. 

The simple unit of credit, the quarter hour, makes it easy for 
credits from Columbia to be transferred to other graduate schools. 
Columbia's work is accepted at full credit by the leading gradu- 
ate schools. 

Students are enabled to enter at the beginning of any one of 
the three quarters, though the work can be better correlated if 
they enter at the beginning of the fall quarter. 

The unit of credit is the quarter hour and 144 hours are re- 
quired for graduation. 

Each student normally takes from 15 to 18 hours each quarter. 
Elective courses may be taken by students who need to remove 
the deficiency of non-credit courses in Greek, by special students, 
and by those who seek credit towards the degree of Master of 
Theology. Ordinarily, electives will not be open to Juniors. Mid- 
dlers and Seniors who have made an average of B may supple- 
ment required work by electives up to 20 hours. No student will 
be permitted to carry more than 20 hours work in a quarter. The 
requirements for the degree of Bachelor of Divinity may not be 
completed in less than nine quarters. 

Most elective courses are offered in units of two, three, or five 
hours. Electives of two hours are given on Wednesdays and Fri- 
days; of three hours, on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays. 
When possible, all five-hour electives are given at one period and 
all two and three-hour electives at another period so as to offer 
a wider range of choice. The year and quarter when each elec- 
tive will be given is indicated in connection with each course. 
Some electives are given only in alternate years and are so indi- 
cated; the expression "even years" means scholastic years begin- 

28 



ning in September of even yean, such as the term '48-49. Other 
electives are not placed in regular rotation, but are given only 

by arrangements between students and professors. 

Seminar courses are intended primarily for graduate students 
but may be elected by Middlers and Seniors who have an aver- 
age of not less than B for the preceding quarter, provided that in 
the opinion of the professor an undergraduate may take a given 
seminar with profit. 

FIELD WORK 

Columbia Seminary has a unique opportunity to provide al- 
most every possible type of practical training in Field Work for 
ministerial students. The seminary's new program of Field Super- 
vision will assist all students and recent graduates not only during 
the winter months but throughout the entire year. Columbia's 
Field Work has two distinctive aspects. The Field Director will 
visit the students on their fields during the summer months and, 
when requested to do so, he will continue to lend supervision to 
graduates of the seminary for several years after the completion 
of their academic work. 

The varied training in all types of church work which is made 
available through the many churches of Atlanta and the outlying 
areas is supplemented by an ever-widening program of activities 
which are projected by the Field Work Department itself. Stu- 
dents who do not have pastorates and preaching engagements are 
assigned to work in such projects as the down-town Formwalt 
Sunday School Mission, Fulton County Boys Training School, 
Central Church Baby Clinic, Scottish Rite Hospital, and work at 
Lawson General and Emory University Hospitals. Other projects 
awaiting development are Negro mission work, supervised hos- 
pital visitation, jail and prison work, and other types of institu- 
tional work. Various rural experimentation programs will be 
opened in the near future. 

Practicums will be held one hour each month for discussion of 
the various problems and methods involved in all types of field 
work. (See statement on Practicums under Practical Theology.) 



29 



Courses of Study 

GENERAL STATEMENT 

The curriculum materials of Columbia Theological Semi- 
nary have been arranged in four major divisions, as follows: (1) 
Biblical Theology, (2) Historical Theology, (3) Systematic The- 
ology, and (4) Practical Theology. In addition to its simplicity, 
this arrangement reflects the unity of the curriculum and at the 
same time emphasizes the closer relationship sustained by certain 
departments of study within a given group. The latter emphasis, 
as indicated in another section, offers particular advantages for 
specialization on the part of graduate students. 

The present schedule includes the total number of hours re- 
quired for graduation. With the curriculum arranged in this 
manner it does not become necessary for the student to augment 
the outline of required courses with sundry electives, often chosen 
at random, in order to secure the total number of hours pre- 
scribed for graduation. This schedule provides a well-rounded 
and comprehensive course in preparation for the Gospel ministry, 
with due emphasis on the various fields of study — both practical 
and theoretical. The arrangement now offered is more in keeping 
with recent trends in education and with practices long preva- 
lent in other (graduate) professional schools than the former 
plan of offering a large variety of electives for undergraduates. 

Provision is made for the guidance of all students in the sem- 
inary in a survey study of the entire Bible which will eventuate 
in a comprehensive examination scheduled at some time during 
the senior year. This significant strengthening of the curriculum 
offerings in the Biblical Theology Group has emerged from three 
basic convictions : ( 1 ) that predominantly the three years of sem- 
inary training rest ultimately in the authority of the Scriptures; 
(2) that concerted effort should be made to emphasize the cen- 
trality of the Bible in our total training program; and (3) that 
every candidate for the Gospel ministry should attain to a sum- 
mary knowledge of the teachings of the entire Bible before his 
ordination. 

The seminary reserves the right to change rules and regulations 
affecting its student body or the granting of its degrees at any 
time that this may appear necessary to the Faculty and Board of 

30 



Directors. Such changes will go into effect whenever the proper 
authorities may determine, and may apply not only to prospec- 
tive students but also to all who may, at such time, be matricu- 
lated in the seminary. The seminary further reserves the right to 
withdraw courses and to make necessary changes in the schedule 
at any time. 

GROUP I 

Biblical Theology 

A. OLD TESTAMENT LANGUAGE, LITERATURE, AND EX- 
EGESIS. 

The Church has always emphasized the importance of the orig- 
inal languages of Holy Scripture in theological education. "The 
Old Testament in Hebrew, and the New Testament in Greek, 
being immediately inspired by God, the Church is finally to ap- 
peal unto them." Therefore, the seminary endeavors to fit the 
students for the ministry to use intelligently and effectively the 
original languages in interpreting the Sacred Oracles. 

101. Elements of Hebrew. — 

The class begins the study of the language with orthography, followed 

in due course by etymology and syntax. Translation from Hebrew Old 

Testament and written translation in Hebrew are taken up in suitable 

progressive stages. Textbooks : Biblical Hebrew for Beginners by Sellers 

and Voigt, and Hebrew Bible. 

Required, Middle year, fall quarter, five hours 

Professor Kerr 

102. Elements of Hebrew, Continued. — 

This course continues work begun in the fall quarter with progressive 
additions in detail, until the principal grammatical elements of the 
language are covered. Textbooks: Same as for Course 101. 
Required, Middle year, winter quarter, five hours 
Professor Kerr 

103. Hebrew Reading and Syntax 

Hebrew reading with special reference to vocabulary. Syntax is taught 
by careful attention to examples as they occur in the Hebrew Bible. 
Textbooks: Hebrew Bible and Hebrew Lexicon. 
Required, Middle year, spring quarter, five hours 
Professor Kerr 

31 



104. Old Testament Criticism. — 

This course involves a study of the rise and present status of different 
schools of criticism, with consideration of the problems, methods, and 
principles of historical and literary criticism. 

Required, Senior year, spring quarter, five hours 
Professor Kerr 

105. Grammatical Interpretation of the Psalms. — 

The class will make detailed grammatical and exegetical studies in the 
Psalms. The purpose of the course is to train the student in the practice 
of grammatical interpretation of the Scriptures. 
Elective, five hours, fall quarter 
Professor Kerr 

106. Exegetical Studies in Isaiah. — 

During this quarter the class will be occupied with detailed exposition 
of selected portions of the Book of Isaiah. 
Elective, five hours, winter quarter 
Professor Kerr 

107. Advanced Hebrew Syntax. — 

This course offers a thorough study in the syntax of the language by the 
use of textbooks and the reading and comparison of selected illustrative 
passages from the Hebrew text. 
Elective, hours to be arranged 
Professor Kerr 

108. Hebrew Reading Course. — 

The purpose of this course is by rapid reading of extended passages to 

acquire a large vocabulary and general facility in the use of the Hebrew 

Bible. 

Elective, hours to be arranged 

Professor Kerr 

109. Biblical Aramaic and Arabic. — 

By arrangement with the professor, courses in Aramaic or Arabic may 
be given to qualified students. The number of hours and the particular 
nature of the course is to be determined by the needs and opportunities 
of the student. 
Elective, seminar 
Professor Kerr 

B. NEW TESTAMENT LANGUAGE, LITERATURE AND EX- 
EGESIS. 

The courses in this department are designed to give a working knowl- 
edge of the New Testament and to fit the student for a lifelong study of 
this priceless book. 

32 




« u 



O o 









if 5 

M CO 



Every minister who hopes to lead the thought of his people must keep 
abreast of the thought of the age. Students in this department are ex- 
pected to come to an intelligent understanding of the trends of New 
Testament interpretation and criticism, conservative and radical, through 
the lectures, daily assigned reading, and parallel reading. 

All work in this department is on the basis of the Greek text. Ministe- 
rial students are strongly urged to take a minimum of two years or three 
quarters of Greek in college. Students who enter the seminary without 
this minimum are required to take courses 126, 127, 131, 132.. and 133, 
a total of twenty-five hours. Students who have had their Greek in col- 
lege take courses 130, 131, 132, and 133, a total of twenty hours. 

The courses in this department have been selected so as to give a gen- 
eral introduction to the study of the New Testament and some practice 
in detailed exegesis in the various types of literature found therein. The 
work in this department is closely coordinated with that in the depart- 
ment of English Bible. 

Aside from the daily assignments, a certain amount of parallel reading 
in English or Greek, or both, is required with each course. Term papers 
are assigned with most courses, so that students may acquire some facility 
in the technique of investigating rather thoroughly some of the typical 
problems in the field. 

126. Beginners' Greek. — 

A course in New Testament Greek for beginners. 

Required of all students without sufficient college Greek, Junior year, 

fall quarter, five hours 

Professor Cartledge 

127. Greek Grammar and Reading. — 

After the completion of the beginners' Greek book, a study will be made 
of a grammar of New Testament Greek, and there will be some reading 
in the Greek Testament with a grammatical emphasis. 

Required of all students without sufficient college Greek, Junior year, 
winter quarter, five hours 

Professor Cartledge 



130. Romans. — 

A study of this major Pauline epistle in the light of the principles of 
grammatico-historical interpretation. After a detailed introduction to the 
epistle, a careful exegesis will be made of the Greek text. Some work will 
be done in the fields of the life and theology of Paul, especially as they 
touch this epistle 

Required of students who took sufficient Greek in college, Junior year, 
fall quarter, five hours 
Professor Cartledoe 

33 



131. New Testament Introduction. — 

The student is introduced to the principles of grammatico-historical in- 
terpretation and is given a survey of the materials available for using 
those principles in the interpretation of the New Testament. General in- 
troduction will include a study of the language of the New Testament, 
the religious background of the first century, textual criticism, and the 
canon. Special introduction will include a study of each book of the New 
Testament, reconstructing its background and giving an outline of its con- 
tents. 

Required, Junior year, spring quarter, five hours 
Professor Cartledge 

132. Revelation. — 

An intensive study of the one prophetical book of the New Testament. 
Some comparison will be made with the Old Testament and the extra- 
canonical apocalypses. The regular subjects of special introduction, in- 
cluding the Johannine problem, will be studied. Students will be expected 
to acquaint themselves with as many different methods of interpretation 
of this book as possible. 

Required, Middle year, winter quarter, five hours 
Professor Cartledoe 

133. The Gospels.— 

After an introduction to the Gospels there will be reading of selected 
portions of the Greek text of the four Gospels. Along with the reading 
there will be a consideration of the life of Christ and of typical problems 
in the field of historical and textual criticism. 
Required, Senior year, spring quarter, five hours 
Professor Cartledge 

140. The Epistles to the Corinthians. — 

Introduction to and exegesis of selected portions. The life and work of 

the early Church. 

Elective, hours and credit to be arranged 

Professor Cartledge 

141. The Epistle to the Hebrews. — 

Introduction and exegesis. A comparison of Christianity and Judaism. 
Elective, hours and credit to be arranged 
Professor Cartledge 

142. The Catholic Epistles.— 

Introduction to and exegesis of selected ones of the General Letters of the 

New Testament 

Elective, hours and credit to be arranged 

Professor Cartledge 

34 



143. Advanced Textual Criticism. — 

Some practice in handling manuscripts, collating and evaluating their 
texts, and a study of some of the more detailed theories in the field. 
Elective, hours and credit to be arranged 
Professor Cartledge 

144. The Septuagint. — 

The study of selected portions of the Greek Old Testament, compared 
with the Hebrew. The origin of the version. Its value in Old Testament 
textual criticism. Its bearing on the Greek of the New Testament. 
Elective, hours and credit to be arranged 
Professor Cartledge 

145. The Social Teachings of the New Testament. — 

The discovery and interpretation of the New Testament teachings on 
certain of the typical social problems of the present day. 
Elective, hours and credit to be arranged 
Professor Cartledge 

146. Modern Literature. — 

Qualified students are allowed to take this reading course to familiarize 
themselves with some of the books and technical journals in the New 
Testament and general Biblical field written in recent years. Instead of 
meeting class, the student will hand in written critiques of each book. 
The course may be taken any quarter for any unit of credit up to a max- 
imum of five hours. 
Elective 
Professor Cartledge 

147. Rapid Reading of the Greek New Testament. — 

Students will read the complete Greek New Testament for a credit of 
five hours. Such rapid reading is of great value in building a vocabulary 
and becoming familiar with the atmosphere and idioms of New Testa- 
ment Greek. 
Elective, any quarter 
Professor Cartledge 

148. New Testament Research. — 

Qualified students will be allowed to work on various problems in the 
New Testament field under the supervision of the professor, submitting 
their findings in the form of term papers. Credit given will depend upon 
the amount of work done. 
Elective, any quarter 
Professor Cartledge 

35 



G. ENGLISH BIBLE, OLD AND NEW TESTAMENT INTER- 
PRETATION 

In recognition of the important place which the English Bible should 
occupy in the minister's study, in his thinking, and in his preaching, 
Columbia Seminary includes as a part of its required work six basic 
courses in this field. A number of elective courses are also arranged. 

The courses in the five divisions of the Biblical Group have been care- 
fully planned to have a minimum of overlapping and at the same time to 
make the offerings in the field as broad as possible. The apparent over- 
lapping at certain points is largely overcome by the methods of approach 
which the several professors employ to guide their students in the study 
of the Bible. The Old and New Testament departments lay especial em- 
phasis upon the exegetical study, while the English Bible department 
uses the expository method. Our primary concern is not to offer the 
student a wealth of homiletic material but rather to assist him in the 
development of an effective method of Bible study and to secure for him 
a broad concept of the teachings which inhere in the books studied. 

150. Outline Studies. — 

A rapid survey of the contents of each book in the Bible, with some at- 
tention to authorship and unique characteristics: this study to serve as 
a basis for a comprehensive view of the Scriptures as a whole. 
Required, Junior year, spring quarter, three hours 
Professor Gutzke 

151. Old Testament History. — 

A survey of historical and biographical material recorded from Genesis 

through Ruth, as having been written to serve as an introduction and a 

background, first for the Kingdom of Israel, and, ultimately, for the life 

and work of Christ 

Required, Middle year, spring quarter, five hours 

Professor Gutzke 

152. The Kingdom In Israel. — 

A survey of historical and biographical material recorded from I Samuel 
through Esther, with special attention to the role of the prophets in the 
life of the Kingdom, as having been written to serve as an introduction 
and a background for the Kingdom of God in Christ. 
Required, Senior year, fall quarter, five hours 
Professor Gutzke 

153a and 153b. The Epistles of the New Testament. — 

A survey of the Pauline and the General Epistles to integrate the inter- 
pretation of the Christian life under the new covenant in the power of the 
Holy Spirit. 

Required Senior year. 153a two hours, winter quarter; 153b three hours, 
spring quarter 
Professor Gutzke 

' 36 






154. The Major Prophets.— 

Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and Daniel will be studied to note the func- 
tions of the prophet in the life of God's people, and the content of their 
message as a revelation of the will of God. 
Elective, three hours 
Professor Gutzke 

155. The Minor Prophets. — 

The last twelve books of the Old Testament will be studied as above. 
Elective, three hours 
Professor Gutzke 

156. The Poetic Literature. — 

Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and the Song of Solomon will be 
studied with special attention given to the function of worship in the 
godly life. 
Elective, two hours 
Professor Gutzke 

157. The Gospels.— 

Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John will be studied to gain a comprehensive 
understanding of the significance of the coming and the work of Christ, 
in the context of the Scriptures as a whole, and in relation to salvation. 
Elective, three hours 
Professor Gutzke 

158. The Acts.— 

The Acts of the Apostles will be studied to note the function of the Holy 
Spirit in the life of the Church. Attention will be given to the nature of 
the Church, noting its origin, organization, task, program, and technique 
as revealed in the narrative. 
Elective, two hours 
Professor Gutzke 

(Since undergraduates cover this portion of Scripture in the required 
course in Evangelism 470 the course, as outlined here, will ordinarily be 
given as a seminar for graduate students.) 

159. Jeremiah. — 

A study in the life and times of one of the great prophets of Israel with 
an evaluation of his message for the world of today. 
Elective, two hours, schedule to be arranged 
Professor Richards 

160. Bible Synthesis.— 

A study of selected books in both Old and New Testaments to grasp the 
message of each book as a whole. Written reports and outlines based on 
library research and student initiative are the major part of the require- 

37 



merits in the course. Class meetings will be arranged to suit programs of 
the students who wish to take this course. 
Elective, seminar, hours to be arranged 
Professor Gutzke 

161. The Social Message of the Old Testament. — 
An examination of the ethical and moral teachings of the prophets with 
a view to discovering their permanent significance for mankind. The re- 
lationship of these teachings to the New Testament Scriptures will also 
be studied. 

Required, Middle year, winter quarter, two hours 
Professor Richards 

170. Research In Bible Doctrine. — 

A course of directed survey of standard works on Bible Doctrine, de- 
signed to serve the needs of graduate students pursuing major studies in 
this department. The program of study will be developed to suit the par- 
ticular needs of the individual student. 
Seminar, hours to be arranged 
Professor Gutzke 

171. Research In Biblical Theology. — 

A course of directed study of standard works of interpretation of Biblical 
themes, designed to serve the needs of graduate students pursuing major 
studies in this department. The distinctive emphasis in this course will 
be upon theological interpretation of selected Biblical material in the 
area of the student's graduate work. 
Seminar, hours to be arranged 
Professor Gutzke 

GROUP II 

HISTORICAL THEOLOGY 

Church History 

"The Church is the people of God gathered around the Mes- 
siah." It is the communion of those who acknowledge the Reign 
of God in Christ Jesus. The Church appears in various forms 
under differing conditions among sundry peoples and in chang- 
ing periods. The history of the Church deals with her missionary 
work, her thought or doctrines, her institutions, and her defenses 
against attack. The first of these is treated in the history of Chris- 
tian missions. The institutions receive consideration in the course 
on Presbyterian history and polity. Opposing views are consid- 

38 



ered in Apologetics. In the course of general Church History ac- 
count is taken of the history of Christian thought. 

201a. History of Christian Missions. — 

The foundation for missions is found in the New Testament, the motive 
in the command of the King, and its ever enlarging circle in the history 
of the Church. The substantial works of Latourette give a background, 
while the volume by Glover gives a compressed record. Special attention 
is devoted to Southern Presbyterian Missions and to biographies of out- 
standing missionaries of every denomination. 
Required, Junior year, first half of fall quarter, three hours 
Professor Robinson 

201b. Early Church History.— 

The life of the Church under the old Roman Empire is studied with 
source reading, the histories of Kidd, Duchesne and Schaff, guided by 
Qualben's History of the Christian Church for order of subjects treated. 

Required, Junior year, second half of fall quarter, two hours 
Professor Robinson 

202 Church History Through the Reformation. — 

The history of the Mediaeval Church is traced in such works as the 
Cambridge Mediaeval History, and the Reformation in Lindsay follow- 
ing the outline in Deanesley's History of the Mediaeval Church. Special 
study is given to Augustine, the councils, the division of the East and 
West, monasticism, scholasticism, empire, and papacy, the rise of nations 
and the fall of the imperial papacy; and in the Reformation to Luther, 
Zwingli, the Anabaptists, Calvin and the counter-reformation. 

Required, Junior year, winter quarter, five hours 
Professor Robinson 

203. Church History to the Present.— 

The rise of modern religious ideas and the effect of philosophical, scien- 
tific and critical movements upon the life of the Church. Church life and 
thought in Britain, Germany and France are surveyed. Then attention is 
devoted to the transplanting of Christianity to America and a survey 
made of the chief denominations here, as the form in which the Church 
of God in Christ Jesus manifests itself in the United States. 
Required, Junior year, spring quarter, five hours 
Professor Robinson 

204. Presbyterianism, Its History and Polity. — 

The polity of primitive Christianity in the light of recent research. The 
rise of the monarchial episcopate out of the presbytcrate. The restoration 
of Presbyterianism at the Reformation. Research and papers by class on 
the polities of Calvin, sixteenth century Scotland, the Westminster Di- 

39 



vines, and Thornwell. Survey of the Presbyterian Churches of the world. 
The practical application of these principles in the polity of the Southern 
Presbyterian Church. 

Required, Senior year, winter quarter, five hours 

Professor Robinson 

205. The Teaching of Karl Barth. — 

The Gifford lectures are used as the bases of study and discussion as to 
the doctrines of the noted Swiss theologian. Text: The Knowledge of 
God and the Service of God. 
Elective, two hours 
Professor Robinson 

206. The History of the Doctrine of the Holy Spirit. — 

The subject is traced through the Bible and the history of the Christian 

Church. 

Elective, three hours 

Professor Robinson 

207. The Historical and Theological Studies of Warfield. — 

The writings of the great Princetonian are used for seminar studies and 
theses on such subjects as: Augustine, Calvin, the Meaning of the Refor- 
mation, the Westminster Confession, Revelation, the History of the Doc- 
trine of the Trinity, Christology, Perfectionism. 
Elective, two and one-half hours 
Professor Robinson 

208. The History of the Doctrine of the Atonement. — 

A course in which each student reports the doctrine of the atonement 

taught by a representative of each of the four Great Christian syntheses, 

the Greek, the Latin, the Protestant, and the Modernist. 

Seminar 

Professor Robinson 

209. The Ecumenical Councils. — 

Special seminar in the history of the first six ecumenical councils using 
Hefele and studying the sources. Each student makes a special study of 
one council with seminar reports and a term paper. 
Seminar, two hours, schedule to be arranged 
Professor Robinson 

210. Southern Presbyterian Worthies and Their Works. — 
Following the lines marked out in Dr. J. M. Wells' Sprunt Lectures, this 
course provides for the study of the life and writings of selected leaders 

40 



of our Church such as Dabncy, Hoge, Girardeau, Thornwell, Palmer, 
Baker, Woodrow, Peck, S. Robinson, W. W. Moore, R. C. Reed. 
Seminar, hours to be arranged 
Professor Robinson 

211. Scottish Theology in Relation to Church History Since 
the Reformation. — 

The class will study the volume under this theme of Principal Macleod 
of Edinburgh, and each member will present a term paper on the work 
of one of the great Scottish Worthies. 
Elective, two hours 
Professor Robinson 

212. History of the Doctrine of Justification. — 

The history of the cardinal doctrine of Protestantism is studied in the 
able work of Professor Edward Boehl together with statements from 
other representative writers. 
Elective, two or three hours 
Professor Robinson 

213. Christ ological Eschatology. — 

As Christ is our ground of forgiveness so He is our hope of glory. In Him, 
in His coming to earth and in His Reign at God's right hand, all our 
hopes gather. Using the professor's Sprunt Lectures as a guide, the class 
follows the Christological approach in studying eschatology. 
Elective, two hours 
Professor Robinson 

GROUP III 

SYSTEMATIC THEOLOGY 

A. DOGMATIC AND BIBLICAL THEOLOGY 

300. A Survey of Theological Thought. — 

A survey of Christian thought prior to the Reformation as set forth in 
the writings of some of the leading thinkers such as Augustine, Anselm, 
and Aquinas; and in the statements of Church Councils. 
Required, Junior year, spring quarter, three hours 
Professor Gear 

301. Theology of the Reformation. — 

This course is designed to give students first-hand acquaintance with the 

theological writings of the leaders of the Reformation such as Luther, 

Melanchthon and Calvin. 

Required, Middle year, fall quarter, three hours 

Professor Gear 

41 



302-304. Systematic Theology.— 

A study of the main points of Reformed Theology as contained in Cal- 
vin's Institutes of the Christian Religion, standard outlines of Reformed 
Theology, the Westminster Standards and other Reformed statements. 
This study will be divided as follows: 

302. Theology Proper and Anthropology. — 

The Reformed doctrine of God, His relation to man and the world; 
the doctrine of Man, his relation to God, the world and mankind. 
Required, Middle year, winter quarter, three hours 
Professor Gear, 

303. Christology and Soteriology. — 

The Reformed doctrine of the Person and Work of Christ the Holy 
Spirit, and the application of the Work. of Redemption. 
Required, Middle year, spring quarter, three hours 
Professor Gear 

304. Ecclesiology and Eschatology. — 

The Reformed doctrine of the Church, the Sacraments, and of "last 

things." 

Required, Senior year, fall quarter, first half; two and one-half hours 

Professor Gear 

305. Protestant Thought Since the Reformation. — 

A study of the development of Protestant theological thought since the 
Reformation as set forth in representative thinkers and major theological 
movements and schools 

Required, Senior year, fall quarter, second half, two and one-half hours 
Professor Gear. 

306. Current Theological Thought and Problems. — 

A study of the main trends in contemporary theological thought and an 
examination of current problems in the light of basic evangelical prin- 
ciples. 

Required, Senior year, winter quarter, first half, two and one-half hours 
Professor Gear 

307. Roman Catholic Theology. — 

An examination of distinctive doctrines of the Roman Catholic Church 

in the light of Scripture and Reformed thought. 

Required, Senior year, winter quarter, second half, two and one-half 

hours 

Professor Gear 

42 



308. Contemporary Cults. — 

A study of the various cults which have sprung up on the fringe of Chris- 
tianity such as Mormonism, Christian Science, and Jehovah's Witnesses 
or Russelism. This course has both a theoretical and practical purpose 
so as to help the pastor effectively to deal with them. 
Required, Senior year, spring quarter, first half, two and one-half hours 
Professor Gear 

309. Theology in the Thought and Life of A Christian. — 

This course is for the purpose of enabling students vitally to relate the 

basic principles of Christian Theology to the various aspects of life in the 

modern world. 

Required, Senior year, spring quarter, second half, two and one-half 

hours 

Professor Gear 

310. Theology in Literature. — 

This course consists of a study of some of the literary classics which have 
definite and positive theological value. 
Elective, three hours, schedule to be arranged 
Professor Gear 

311. Theology and Modern Philosophy. — 

Students are given an opportunity to examine some of the philosophical 
systems of our times from the standpoint of Christian Theology. Readings 
from the works of outstanding philosophers will be assigned for study and 
criticism. A working knowledge of Philosophy is necessary for this course. 
Elective, three hours, schedule to be arranged 
Professor Gear 

312. Theology in Christian Experience. — 

This course aims to give the students an insight into Christian experience 
at its best in non-Biblical writers as found in some of the great devotional 
books. Some time will be devoted to a discussion of the nature and real- 
ity of Christian experience. Some of the books in this field to be read are: 
Augustine, The Confessions; Calvin, Letter to Cardinal Sadolet; Luther, 
Concerning Christian Liberty; Comenius, The Labyrinth of the World; 
William Law, A Serious Call to a Devout and Holy Life; and Bunyan, 
Pilgrim's Progress. Changes in the books studied will be made from year 
to year. 

Elective, spring quarter, two hours, even years 
Professor Gear 

313. Theology and Civilization. — 

The significance of Theology as a foundation for a stable and enduring 
society will be studied. Special emphasis will be given to the place of 
Calvinism in the development of our national life, the basic differences 

43 



between a Protestant and a Roman Catholic society, and Communism as 
a basis of civilization in the light of Christian Theology. Selected read- 
ings and papers will be required. 
Elective, three hours, winter quarter, odd years 
Professor Gear 

314. The Christian Doctrine of the Church. — 

This course will deal with the origin, nature, and mission of the Church; 
the various theories of the Church and its relation to the State; and the 
place of the Church in contemporary society. 
Elective, hours and schedule to be arranged 
Professor Gear 

315. The Christian Doctrine of Grace. — 

Some time will be given to tracing the rudiments of the doctrine of Grace 
in the Old Testament, in which are implicit the fuller and richer teach- 
ings of the New Testament. A study will be made of the meaning of and 
emphasis upon Grace in the New Testament; the value of the doctrine 
in theological thought and in the Christian life; and its importance in 
modern preaching. 

Elective, hours and schedule to be arranged 
Professor Gear 

316. The Christian Doctrine of the Holy Spirit. — 

This course is designed to acquaint the students with the teaching of the 
Bible concerning the Holy Spirit. His place in Christian experience and 
in the Christian Church will be given special emphasis. 
Elective, hours and schedule to be arranged 
Professor Gear 

317. Seminar in Theology. — 

This course enables students to do independent and thorough work on a 

theological subject of special interest to them. Papers will be read and 

discussed. 

Elective, two hours, schedule to be arranged 

Professor Gear 

B. APOLOGETICS 

326. Apologetics. — 

The function of Apologetics. The history of and the present need for 
Apologetics in the current revolt against historic Christianity. Vindica- 
tion of the knowledge of God as given in Christianity; that is, Theism, 
the religious nature of man, the Christ of the Bible as the historical 
Jesus, the infallible truth and Divine authority of the Scriptures. Term 
papers are presented on certain of these themes by members of the class. 
Required, Senior year, five hours, spring quarter 
Professor Robinson 

44 



GROUP IV 

PRACTICAL THEOLOGY 

A. RELIGIOUS EDUCATION 

During the past two decades we have witnessed marked prog- 
ress in the development of Religious Education as a specialized 
field of thought. Many of the leading theological seminaries have 
added it to their curriculum offerings, and churches everywhere 
are seeking greater efficiency by the use of facilities made avail- 
able through research in this field. Columbia Seminary is com- 
mitted to the belief that tremendous possibilities inhere in this 
relatively new subject for the training of ministers. We are em- 
ploying the laboratory method in this department to the end that 
the students may be privileged to correlate carefully the theoret- 
ical and the practical as the two are merged in a definite church 
situation. 

401. Organization and Administration. — 

This course combines extensive library work, free class discussion, guided 
observation in small groups in selected churches of Greater Atlanta, a 
carefully written term paper correlating the work of the quarter, to- 
gether with especial assignments made from time to time during the 
quarter. 

Required, Junior year, winter quarter, five hours 
Professor Gutzke 

402. Theory and Technique of Religious Education. — 

This course is designed to give the student a grasp of the principles and 
procedures involved in the program of inducing faith in God. in Christ, 
and in culturing Christians. The function of the Holy Spirit and the sig- 
nificance of the Scriptures as the Word of God are noted and integrated 
with recognized pedagogical principles in presenting a technique for the 
Christian worker. This course is basic for a systematic approach to all 
problems in the field of Religious Education. 
Required, Middle year, fall quarter, three hours 
Professor Gutzke 

403. Psychology of Leadership. — 

A Study of the function of the personality of the pastor, evangelist, 
teacher, parent, counselor, friend, etc., in the educational process. The 
mechanisms employed in pastoral work, evangelism, teaching, counseling, 
personal work, and church visitation will be described and studied in cor- 
relation with the doctrine of the Holy Spirit and the contribution of the 
Social Sciences. This course is designed to give a comprehensive grasp of 
the significance of procedure in promoting Religious Education. 
Elective, two hours, spring quarter, odd years 
Professor Gutzke 

45 



404. Trends in Religious Education. — 

A survey course studying the development of this phase of church work 
and various points of view sponsored in the church at large as reflected 
in recently published books. The influence of the social sciences and peda- 
gogical theory upon current procedures presented in contemporary Re- 
ligious Education literature will be observed. This course is designed to 
enable the student to interpret the significance of the recent development 
of Religious Education in the history of the Church and to orient him- 
self in that field of service as it is today. 
Elective, two hours, spring quarter, even years 
Professor Gutzke 

405. Sociological Aspects in Religious Education. — 

This course begins with a survey of the field of social relations to iden- 
tify and to describe major social problems in terms of sociological sig- 
nificance. At the same time New Testament Literature is reviewed to 
note what social problems were dealt with by the Early Church and to 
study the principles utilized in the interpretation and handling of such 
problems. After this, readings are assigned in contemporary literature to 
familiarize the student with prevalent schools of thought as these an- 
alyze and interpret conditions existing in society today. Reports of such 
readings are presented for seminar discussion, and the students examine 
these views to gain further insight into the implications of the Church 
as an institution in the Social Order, the Christian in Society, and the 
Gospel in the World. An attempt is made to recognize the practical im- 
plications of the Second great Commandment for the Christian today, 
and to understand what could be done to instruct and guide growing 
Christians into an adequate realization of their responsibilities in the 
world order in which they live. 
Seminar, hours to be arranged 
Professors Gutzke and Richards 

406. Readings in Religious Education. — 

This course is designed for students who wish to study source material 
which has contributed to the concepts now current in this field. Bibliog- 
raphy and procedure will be chosen in line with any special interest of 
the student. A maximum of five hours' credit may be allowed. Course 
402 is prerequisite for this course. 
Seminar, hours to be arranged 
Professors Gutzke and Richards 

407. The Education of Adolescents. — 

This course begins with consideration of the psychology of adolescents to 
note the typical characteristics of persons in this stage of development, 
with special attention to the phenomenon of conversion. The latter part 
of the course deals with the normal problems arising in the religious ex- 
perience of a Christian adolescent. 
Elective, two hours 
Professor Gutzke 

46 



408. Personal Therapy. — 

This course opens with a description of the general problem of person- 
ality difficulties and a survey of the common procedures employed to 
effect the removal of such difficulties. The student will be introduced to 
the current literature in the field of personal counseling and guided to an 
interpretation of such techniques from the point of view of the work of 
a pastor or teacher. 
Elective, two hours 
Professor Gutzke 

409. Research in Psychological Theory. — 

A course of directed study in standard works setting forth prevailing 

schools of psychological theory, designed to serve the needs of graduate 

students pursuing major studies in this department. The program of 

study will be developed to suit the particular needs of the individual 

student. 

Seminar, hours to be arranged 

Professor Gutzke 

410. Research in Psychological Techniques. — 

A course of directed study in authoritative works setting forth the major 
techniques employed in applied psychology and therapeutic practices, de- 
signed for graduate students pursuing major studies in this field. 
Seminar, hours to be arranged 
Professor Gutzke 

B. PASTORAL THEOLOGY 

Field Work Practicums. — These practicums will be held once each 
month. Every student will be expected to attend these informal discus- 
sion groups in which the various problems arising in his field work may 
be discussed. Practicums will be given in the following fields: I. Preach- 
ing and Pastoral Work, Professors Richards and Thompson. II. Teach- 
ing and Youth Activities, Professors Gutzke and Thompson. III. Mis- 
sions and Evangelism, Professor Thompson. Required for at least two 
full years, elective third year, no credit. 

426. Pastoral Theology. — 

This course is intended to acquaint the student with guiding principles 
for his ministry' and to prepare him for field work during his vacations. 
Dr. Erdman's volume on The Work of the Pastor is used as a guide for 
the classroom discussion but is supplemented by a considerable amount of 
parallel reading and observational work. Especial attention is devoted to 
pastoral calling, to personal evangelism, and to the conduct of worship 
services. 

Required, Junior year, winter quarter, two hours 
Professor Richards 

47 



427. Pastoral Theology. — 

As the student approaches the acceptance of a call to the regular pastor- 
ate, it is important that he be as fully acquainted as possible with the 
complex tasks which will confront him in his work. This course is de- 
signed to provide him with guidance in such important matters as the 
organization and administration of his church, the development of an 
adequate evangelistic program, and the pastor's relationship to the gen- 
eral missionary and educational program of his denomination. The de- 
velopment of the congregation in stewardship, the proper use of church 
publicity, the pastor's responsibility as a citizen, and pastoral psychology 
are carefully discussed. Much attention is given to instruction in the ad- 
ministration of the sacraments and to the conducting of marriage and 
funeral services. The method followed is that of free class discussion 
based on observation of work in Atlanta churches and on wide assigned 
reading in the literature of Pastoral Theology. 
Required, Senior year, winter quarter, three hours 
Professor Richards 

428. Pastoral Theology. — 

In dealing with the many tasks of the ministry no guidance can be so 
fresh and effective as that of men who are actively engaged in the work 
of the pastorate. This course is especially designed to improve the prepa- 
ration of seminary students by drawing upon the wealth of leadership 
represented in the various pulpits of Greater Atlanta. A number of out- 
standing ministers of the city are asked to lecture to the class for a week 
each upon some phase of the ministry in which they have respectively 
shown themselves to possess unusual ability. An appropriate amount of 
parallel reading is assigned. 
Elective, three hours, schedule to be arranged 
Professor Richards 

429. The Literature of Pastoral Theology. — 

This course is designed especially for graduate students, but may be given 
to qualified members of the Senior class. There will be no regular class 
work but a large amount of reading will be assigned. Students will be ex- 
pected to prepare written reviews of the books read and to write an ap- 
propriate term paper. The course may be taken in any quarter and for 
any unit of credit up to a maximum of five hours. 
Professor Richards 

C. HOMILETICS 

Practice Preaching. — Every student of the seminary who is a candidate 
for the ministry is required to preach once each year before the Faculty 
and Student Body of the institution. A manuscript of the sermon to be 
delivered must be handed to the Professor of Homiletics one week in ad- 
vance of the service, and a copy of the sermon outline is to be provided 
at the same time for each of the other professors. A recording of the ser- 
mon is made at the time it is delivered. Following the worship service at 

48 







AIKEN TAYLOR 
Fannie Jordan Bryan Fellowship 





^ 





CHEVES LIGON 
Alumni Fellowship 



ROBERT • 
Alumni Fellowship 




& tl* 



which a sermon is preached, the entire student body meets with the fac- 
ulty for a period in which the various professors offer suggestions con- 
cerning the thought, composition, and delivery of the message. 

451. The Theory and Practice of Preaching. — 

In this introductory course, both the theory and practice of preaching are 
studied, but the emphasis is on the practical. The aim is to teach men: 
What preaching is and How to do it. The preacher, his call, his message, 
his personality, his preparation, are discussed. During the second half of 
the course, sermon briefs are required every week, and special effort is 
made to train the men in the treatment of texts that they may be "sound 
workmen, with no need to be ashamed of the way they handle the word 
of the Truth." The textbooks in this department are Broadus' Prepara- 
tion and Delivery of Sermons, and Herrick Johnson's The Ideal Ministry. 
Required, Junior year, fall quarter, five hours 
Professor Green 

452. Advanced Homiletics. — 

The aim of this course will be to give the student further training in the 
application of the principles of preaching. The course will be practical. 
Practice makes perfect, but bad practice makes perfectly bad. So the ob- 
ject will be to assist the student in forming correct habits of sermon- 
izing. He will be guided in his reading. Sermon outlines will be required 
throughout the course — outlines of sermons of different kinds. These out- 
lines will be written on the board for constructive criticism by teacher and 
students. Each will be required to conduct one preaching service before 
the class. 

Required, Middle year, spring quarter, three hours 
Professor Green 

453. Advanced Homiletics. — 

The aim of this course will be to lead the student into the broadest of 
homiletical study. The emphasis will be not on the theory, but on the art 
of preaching. That is, the course will be intensely practical. The student 
will be required to select suitable texts and topics and prepare outlines 
of suitable sermons for the great days of the church year. He will be 
given exercises in preaching on parables and miracles; also in biograph- 
ical and evangelistic preaching. The missionary message of the Old Tes- 
tament and of the New Testament will be studied, and sermon briefs on 
missionary texts and subjects will be required. All sermon outlines will 
be considered in class with the view of indicating defects and suggesting 
improvements. Sermons of great preachers will be assigned for examina- 
tion, and reports on the homiletical habits of these masters of pulpit dis- 
course will be written for the professor. The student will be asked to pre- 
pare to preach through the Epistle to the Philippians, a sermon on a key- 
verse in each chapter. Books on preachers and preaching will be required 
as parallel reading. 

Required, Senior year, winter quarter, three hours 
Professor Green 

49 



454. Preaching From the Psalms. — 

The Book of Psalms is a little Bible. It comprises many elements; Law 
and gospel, history and prophecy, philosophy, religion, and ethics; these 
make it a rich treasury. A course in the theology of the Psalter includes 
studies not only in God, but also in man, sin., revelation, Messiah, salva- 
tion, immortality, etc. As the student explores this storehouse of mate- 
rials for the work of the ministry, he will find a supply for his own spir- 
itual needs. 

Elective, five hours, winter quarter, even years 
Professor Green 

455. The Teaching of Jesus. — 

Of those who have occupied the teacher's office, Jesus is easily first. The 
teachings of others are valuable, but His are indispensable. He was the 
Teacher sent from God. He taught saving truth. His words possess an au- 
thority and a finality that belong to the words of no other. Included in 
the teachings of Jesus are all the great subjects of religion, and from 
them may be deduced principles for the solution of all the problems of 
life. No teacher of religion can afford to neglect the teaching of the 
Teacher. 

Seminar, hours to be arranged 
Professor Green 

D. EVANGELISM 

This newly created department at Columbia Seminary is designed in 
all its courses to create a desire in the heart of every student to win souls 
for Christ. It is also planned with a view to instructing the student in 
every phase of evangelism so that he will be able to train the lay leader- 
ship of his church in this primary work of the church. All courses are 
planned on an intensely practical basis, and students are encouraged to 
participate in the various types of evangelism during their entire semi- 
nary training. 

470. New Testament Evangelism. — 

This is a basic course in Scriptural evangelism as taught and practiced in 

the early church and by Christ. The program of evangelism in Book of 

Acts and the Gospels forms the basis of study. It includes the message, 

mission, and method of evangelism. 

Required, Junior year, winter quarter, three hours 

Professor Thompson 

471. Methods of Evangelism. — 

The various types of Evangelism and how to promote these through the 
local church and as individuals is taught in this course. The student is 
given an insight into the broader aspects of the total meaning of evangel- 
im, and also shown how to train his people in evangelistic methods. Per- 
sonal evangelism, congregational evangelism., and visitation evangelism 

50 



arc presented. Each student will be given some practical project along 
with his reading and classroom work. 
Required, Senior year, fall quarter, two hours. 
Professor Thompson 

472. Evangelism and Church Extension. — 

Chapel work, outpost Sunday Schools, City and Home Missions, Commu- 
nity Surveys, and other methods of Church Extension will be presented. 
Members of the class will also engage in field projects. 
Elective, two hours, schedule to be arranged 
Professor Thompson 



E. RURAL CHURCH WORK 

480. The Work of the Country Church.— 

This is a general course in which the student is acquainted with the peo- 
ple, problems, and principles of the rural church and community. The 
total program of the church will be related to the particular field of rural 
church work. 

Required, Middle year, winter quarter, three hours 
Professor Thompson 

481. Leadership in the Rural Church. — 

This is an advanced course for those who wish to specialize in rural 
church work and who wish to develop into rural church leaders. The 
matters of rural church lay fellowships, rural finances, rural evangelism, 
community organizations, and rural administration will be studied. Field 
trips will be made; church buildings, surveys, and outpost programs will 
be studied. 

Elective, two hours, schedule to be arranged 
Professor Thompson 

Rural Pastors Conference Seminar. — Each year a special leadership 
conference of selected men from rural pastorates will be held at the sem- 
inary for one week. Various leaders in rural church work and agriculture 
will be invited to participate. Students interested in rural church pas- 
torates will be allowed to take this conference seminar. 
Elective, no credit 
Professor Thompson 



51 



F. PUBLIC SPEAKING 

From a practical viewpoint there are few, if any, aspects of the 
minister's equipment which are more important than the ability 
to speak in a pleasing and effective manner. It is vain for him 
to have the knowledge of libraries in his mind and the gift of a 
finished literary style in sermon preparation if his congregation 
cannot hear or understand his message when he stands in the 
pulpit. Increasing attention is properly being paid to this fact in 
the theological world of our day. The satisfactory completion of 
prescribed courses in public speech is one of the requirements for 
graduation from Columbia Seminary. 

The seminary owns a high grade recording machine for the ex- 
clusive and full-time use of its Department of Public Speech. As 
a result of this fact it is possible to record the entire sermon of 
each student as he delivers his annual message before the faculty 
and student body. In addition to this recording, which is re- 
quired for all students, it is possible to make additional records 
for each man from time to time as they are needed in correcting 
defects in speech. Experience is proving that this opportunity to 
hear themselves as others hear them is of great value to the stu- 
dents, and is helping to make them more effective preachers. 



490. Training of the Speaking Voice. — 

Basic principles of voice production are presented in this course. Pos- 
ture, breathing tone production, resonance, and articulation are studied 
in the classroom with a view to the development of correct speech habits. 

Regular speaking and reading before the class with criticism by students 
as well as the instructor. All class work is recorded on wire and studied 
by the class. (Private conferences for each student.) 
Required, Junior year 
Mr. Taylor 

491. Advanced Speaking. — 

In this course emphasis is placed upon vital, interpretative speech. Me- 
chanical details of speech production become servants making effective, 
persuasive speech possible. Attention is given to mood and emotional con- 
notation of words and phrases. Gesture and facial expression are studied 
and practised. Continued correction is made of the individual speech 
difficulties. 

Required, Middle year 
Mr. Taylor 

52 



492. Advanced Speaking. — 

Classroom practice with criticism by both students and instructor. Regu- 
lar recordings to indicate phrasing, pitch, inflection and tone quality. Ser- 
mons, Scripture reading, interpretation of great religious poetry, effective 
presentation of illustrations. Radio speech technique emphasized and in- 
struction given in the preparation of manuscripts for radio. 
Required, Senior year 
Mr. Taylor 

(Satisfaction of the successful completion ol the courses in Public Speaking which 
are described above is expected of all students and is one of the requirements for 
graduation. The exact number of hours to be devoted to this training in each year 
of a student's residence at the seminary will be determined in accordance with the 
needs both of the individual student and of the group concerned.) 

G. MUSIC AND HYMNOLOGY 

495. Music and Hymnology. — 

The aim of this course is to acquaint the student with the great hymns 
of the Church, to stimulate his own appreciation of them, and to prepare 
him for the proper guidance of his congregation in worship through song. 
The new Hymnal of our Church will be used throughout most of the 
course and the hymns which it contains will be treated historically, lino- 
graphically, inspirationally and practically. The students will be instructed 
in the elementary principles of music and will have opportunity to engage 
as a group in learning to sing the great songs of our faith. Parallel read- 
ing will be assigned and papers required during the course. The class will 
meet in the seminary Chapel each Tuesday morning throughout the year. 
Required for all students 
Dr. Sheldon 



53 



Proposed Minimum of Pre-Seminary 
Curriculum 

Following is a proposed minimum statement of fields of study with 
which it is desirable that a student should have acquaintance before be- 
ginning study in seminary. It is desirable that the student's work in these 
fields of study should be evaluated if possible on the basis of his mastery 
of these fields, rather than in terms of semester hours or credits. But 
many institutions use the latter method of calculation. Therefore, in con- 
nection with the fields of study, is indicated a minimum for each, stated 
in terms of semesters and semester hours. 

Basal Sem. 

Fields Semester Hrs. 

English 

Composition and Literature...- ...._ „ 4 8-12 

Philosophy. „ :- _ 2 4-6 

At least two of the following: 
Intro, to Philosophy 
History of Philosophy 
Ethics 
Logic 

Bible or Religion _ 1 4-6 

History .. _ 2 4-6 

Psychology. - 1 2- 3 

A Foreign language 

At least one of the following: 
Latin 
Greek 
Hebrew 
French 
German 

Natural Science _ _.- — „ 2 4-6 

Physical or Biological 

Social Sciences - - — _ _ 2 4-6 

At least two of the following: 
Economics 
Sociology 

Government or Political Science 
Social Psychology 
Education 

Concentration 

Concentration of work, or "majoring," is a common practice in col- 
leges. For such concentration or major., a constructive sequence based 
upon any one, two, or three of the above fields of study would lead up 
naturally to a theological course. 

54 



(N.B. — The foregoing statement is in line with recommendations 
made by the American Association of Theological Schools and is pub- 
lished here at the request of the General Assembly of our Church, which 
has approved it. The suggestions included should be carefully studied 
by all candidates for the ministry who have not completed their college 
training.) 

LIBRARY FACILITIES 

The Smyth Library of Columbia Seminary is one of the most 
extensive and valuable collections of theological literature in the 
South, forming an indispensable adjunct to the work carried on 
in the classrooms. In it are incorporated many highly valuable 
volumes from the libraries of Rev. Thomas Smyth, D.D., Rev. 
John Douglass, Rev. George Howe, D.D., Rev. S. Beach Jones, 
D.D., Rev. S. ML Smith, D.D., Rev. R. C. Reed, D.D., Rev. J. L. 
Martin, D.D., Rev. J. W. Flinn, DD., Rev. Thornton Whaling, 
D.D., Rev. John H. Bocock, D.D., and Rev. J. Sprole Lyons, 
D.D. New books are being continually added. The most impor- 
tant periodicals are kept on file. The libraries of the professors 
are also accessible to the students. 

In addition to the facilities available on the campus, students 
are granted the privilege of securing membership in the Carne- 
gie Library of Atlanta, and may upon request have access to the 
libraries of the other institutions cooperating in the University 
Center of Georgia. 

THE SMYTH LIBRARY FUND 

The late Rev. Thomas Smyth, D.D., of Charleston, South Car- 
olina, made provision in his will for the endowment of the library 
with a gift of $10,000, and the income from this fund is used for 
the purchase of books and periodicals necessary for the proper 
development of the library facilities. 

In recent years all volumes in the library have been recata- 
logued and indexed according to the system of classification insti- 
tuted at Union Theological Seminary of New York. The comple- 
tion of this task, under a grant from the General Education Board 
of New York, has enhanced the usefulness of the library to the 
students and to ministers of the Church. The union library cata- 
loguing of all volumes in the University Center of Georgia means 
that students and teachers of the seminary will have access to the 
library resources of all the cooperating institutions and that our 
own volumes will be put to a larger use. 

55 



LIBRARIAN 

Mrs. Julia D. Anderson is the full time librarian of the semi- 
nary, being assisted in this task by a group of student workers 
who have special qualifications for the work. Dr. S. A. Cartledge 
serves as faculty adviser to the librarian. 



LECTURES ON THE THOMAS SMYTH FOUNDATION 

Through a generous bequest of Rev. Thomas Smyth, D.D., 
who was for years the pastor of the Second Presbyterian Church 
of Charleston, South Carolina, a lectureship bearing the name of 
its founder was established at Columbia Seminary in 1911. In 
accordance with the conditions of the bequest, some person of 
worthy character and distinguished for learning and ability is 
chosen each year by the Board and Faculty to deliver a course 
of lectures on the fundamental principles of the Christian faith 
or on the practical tasks of the Church. 

The funds bequeathed by Dr. Smyth to found this lectureship 
amount to $10,000, and the interest on this amount each year is 
used in providing for the delivery of the lectures. For more than 
thirty years distinguished scholars and ministers have treated a 
large variety of themes, doctrinal, critical, practical, archaeolog- 
ical, and historical. 



56 



Student Activities 

SOCIETY OF MISSIONARY INQUIRY 

Soon after the seminary began its regular work in Columbia, 
the Society of Missionary Inquiry was founded for the purpose 
of furthering an interest in missions, both at home and abroad. 
The Centennial of the Society was celebrated in Atlanta. Febru- 
ary, 1931, with appropriate addresses and a pageant presenting 
a century of service. 

The regular chapel service of the seminary on Wednesday of 
each week is given over to the Society, which uses that opportu- 
nity both to bring visiting speakers on missions to the campus 
and to have messages delivered by members of the student body. 
Business meetings of the Society are also held at fixed times dur- 
ing the year, and a program for the promotion of devotional life 
on the campus is planned and carried out under the auspices of 
the organization. A special mission conference is ordinarily held 
at some time each year and a significant part of each Commence- 
ment is an address delivered before the Society of Missionary 
Inquiry with an offering taken for Foreign Missions. A box for 
voluntary offerings to Home and Foreign Missions has been 
placed by the Society in the lobby of Campbell Hall and presents 
students with a constant opportunity to contribute financially to 
the Gospel enterprise. A substantial amount has been received in 
this way. 

The Society has also sponsored an aggressive Home Mission 
Program in the City of Atlanta and its environs. Members of that 
organization have been particularly active in evangelistic preach- 
ing and in house to house visitation in some of the neediest areas 
of the city. Other work of visiting and conducting services is car- 
ried on in county homes, prisons and prison camps; and special 
programs are rendered in the Sunday Schools, Young People's 
Societies and churches in the Atlanta area. 

THE QUARTETTE 

In past years Columbia Seminary has been represented by ex- 
cellent quartettes which have occupied a prominent place in the 
musical life of the institution and have rendered a variety of 
services. Engagements have been filled at Sunday Schools, Church 
services, young people's societies, Men-of-the-Church meetings, 
Women's Auxiliary meetings, public schools, colleges, conven- 

57 



tions, men's luncheon clubs, women's clubs, evangelistic meet- 
ings, hospitals, prisons, and at other pfeces. By invitation, the 
quartette has rendered from time to time, acceptable programs 
over the radio stations of Atlanta and over several other stations 
in cities visited. 

Members of the quartette have opportunity to form many 
pleasant and profitable contacts, and to render real service to the 
seminary. During recent years a student Choral Club has also 
rendered special programs upon certain occasions. 

RELIGIOUS EXERCISES 

A constant endeavor is made to keep the life both of individ- 
uals and of the school as a whole upon the highest possible plane. 
All classes in the seminary are opened with prayer. Students and 
faculty members meet daily in the Chapel for a brief worship 
service, at which time a message is usually brought by a faculty 
member or by some visiting speaker. Other gatherings for wor- 
ship are often conducted by the students themselves and meet- 
ings of prayer groups are held at frequent intervals. 

On Tuesday evenings the faculty and the students meet in the 
Chapel for regular preaching services conducted by the students. 
Following this service, as a part of the student's training in homi- 
letics and public speaking, faculty members offer constructive 
criticisms and suggestions as to the subject matter, composition, 
and method of delivery of the sermons. The satisfaction of the 
faculty's requirements in connection with these sermons is one of 
the conditions of graduation and before receiving a degree every 
student is expected to give evidence of his ability to prepare and 
deliver an acceptable sermon. 

During the early weeks of each school year it is customary for 
a series of devotional messages to be brought to the students by 
some minister especially qualified for the task. This period of 
spiritual preparation for the year's work is crowned by a Com- 
munion Service which is conducted in the seminary Chapel. 
Other observances of this Sacrament are held at appropriate 
times during the school year. These services rightly hold the place 
of pre-eminence in the devotional and spiritual life of the cam- 
pus. The Communion Set used in this service was presented by 
the late Dr. W. M. McPheeters in memory of his wife, Emma 
Gold Morrison McPheeters. 

58 



HOME MISSION WORK 

In addition to tin- training which results from observation of 
others at work, the churches of Atlanta and the surrounding 
country offer many and varied opportunities for mission work. 
The churches of the city have well organized Sunday Schools and 
young people's societies. The students of the seminary are ex- 
pected to take an active part in the work of these church or- 
ganizations. 

A number of the students are engaged by the home mission 
Committees within easy reach of Atlanta to supply home mission 
fields and to assist in other forms of Christian work. In this way 
opportunity is provided for many students to engage in supply 
work and other forms of religious activity, for which a reasonable 
remuneration is usually provided. 

Atlanta Presbytery fosters a vigorous work among the colored 
people. This is considered one of the most important features of 
its work, and gives opportunity for special training in this field, 
which, in the South, constitutes one of our most challenging tasks 
and most fruitful opportunities for service. 

The seminary endeavors to cooperate with Y. M. C. A., Sal- 
vation Army, Evangelistic Clubs, and other agencies engaged in 
various forms of informal preaching and welfare service in shops, 
industrial plants, jails, and elsewhere. 

Professor Cecil Thompson, as supervisor of field work, main- 
tains close contact with all of these activities, and counsels with 
the students concerning their endeavors at frequent intervals. 

PREACHING BY STUDENTS 

Students of the Senior and Middle classes are permitted to 
supply vacant churches, provided absence from the campus does 
not conflict with their seminary duties. A considerable number of 
small churches near Atlanta are thus supplied by members of the 
upper classes and real service has been rendered to the Home 

Minion agencies of this section in this way. Except in special 
cases, members of the Junior class are not permitted to under- 
take regular work. 

Ordinarily no student should undertake regular work oftener 
than twice a month. Where necessity seems to require that a 

59 



student engage in full time supply work, the faculty will consider 
each case and decide upon its merits. 

PHYSICAL CULTURE 

Any minister who does not possess a strong, healthy body is 
tremendously handicapped in his work and can hardly hope to 
measure up to the strenuous demands of the modern pastorate. 
The seminary, therefore, encourages all students to take regular 
exercise. On the campus, there are tennis courts, a volley ball 
court, and a baseball field. A neighboring golf course, the Forrest 
Hills Golf Club, allows students to play for a very small fee, and 
golfers find an additional advantage in the fact that the city of 
Atlanta has several municipal courses. Basketball is frequently 
played on courts, which are available to the students, and in sev- 
eral recent years the Seminary Five has successfully completed 
a strenuous schedule of games within the environs of Atlanta. 
The City of Atlanta also offers a splendid opportunity for com- 
petition in tennis with various schools and organizations when 
this is desired, and in years past the seminary has been repre- 
sented by some strong teams in this sport. The fine climate of this 
section and the situation of the seminary makes it possible for 
students to engage in some form of open-air athletics practically 
every day. 

MEDICAL CARE 

The splendid hospital and medical facilities of Atlanta are 
readily available to students of the seminary, and this fact in- 
sures the proper care of those who require medical attention. 
Several of the prominent physicians and surgeons of the city 
have always been willing to give their services to the student body 
either without charge or at rates which are greatly below those 
charged in ordinary practice, and in so doing have rendered 
great service to the seminary and to the Church. 



60 






Academic Awards 

THE FANNIE JORDAN BRYAN FELLOWSHIPS 

Under the terms of the will of the late Mrs. Fannie Jordan 
Bryan of Columbia, South Carolina, a generous legacy was left 
to Columbia Theological Seminary for the establishment of fel- 
lowships. Decisions concerning the nature of these fellowships 
and the terms under which they are to be awarded were left to 
the discretion of the Faculty and the Board of Directors of the 
seminary which will administer the fund in such a way as to pro- 
mote the best interests of the institution, to further interest in 
scholarship among its students, and to provide better trained 
leaders for the Church. 

The income from the Bryan Fellowship Fund is sufficient at 
present to make possible the awarding of several fellowships each 
session, though the exact number to be given may vary from year 
to year. The stipends paid will be designed to meet the expenses 
of a year's graduate study at other leading seminaries or univer- 
sities of America and of foreign countries or, in cases where this 
is deemed wise, at Columbia Seminary. The awards are to be 
made to graduates of this seminary who have attained distinction 
in their academic work and who show promise of outstanding 
usefulness in the ministry. No attempt has been made to limit 
the application of the fellowships to any particular fields of study, 
but in every instance the course to be pursued and the institu- 
tion at which this is taken must be approved by the faculty. 

The first award of Bryan Fellowships was made in February, 
1941, and Fellows have been elected annually since that time. For 
the coming year fellowships have been awarded to Mr. George 
Aiken Taylor of Decatur, Ga., a graduate of Presbyterian Col- 
lege, and to Mr. James McConkey Robinson of Decatur, a grad- 
uate of Davidson College. 

THE ALUMNI FELLOWSHIP FUND 

The Senior Class of 1941 at Columbia Seminary, in a desire to 
promote the welfare of their Alma Mater and of the Church, in- 
stituted a plan whereby one or more fellowships are to be 
awarded annually to graduates of this institution. The members 
of that class have agreed to make a yearly gift to the institution 
for that purpose and have enlisted the support of many other 

61 



alumni in this undertaking. The stipend provided will be equal 
to that of the Bryan Fellowships. As a result of this generosity, 
the Alumni Fellowship was awarded in 1946 to Mr. Wade Prich- 
ard Huie of Elberton, Ga., a graduate of Emory University, and 
in 1947 to Mr. John Lowrance Newton of Gainesville, Ga., a 
graduate of Davidson College. 

Three Alumni Fellowships have been awarded for the coming 
year to Mr. Robert William Hess of Miami, Florida, a graduate 
of the University of Miami, Mr. Gheves Kilgore Ligon of Colum- 
bia, Tennessee, a graduate of Southwestern, and Mr. Wade Prich- 
ard Huie of Elberton, Georgia. 

THE ANNA CHURCH WHITNER MEMORIAL 
FELLOWSHIP 

This fellowship was established in 1928 by the late William C. 
Whitner, LL.D., of Rock Hill, South Carolina, in memory of his 
mother, who was an earnest, consecrated and devoted Christian. 
The principal of the endowment provided will not permit an an- 
nual award upon this foundation but stipends providing for a 
year of advanced study at an approved American or European 
University will be made available for appointees at intervals of 
several years. Seven Whitner Fellows have been enabled to pur- 
sue such studies during the period since Dr. Whitner announced 
his donation. 

Rev. Robert S. Hough, a graduate of Columbia Seminary in 
the class of 1936 and now pastor of the Presbyterian Church at 
Tarboro, North Carolina, is the last alumnus of the seminary 
who has been awarded this fellowship. 

RESIDENT FELLOWSHIP IN NEW TESTAMENT 

In years when there is need for an added instructor in the New 
Testament department, this fellowship may be awarded to any 
college graduate who has had such thorough preparation in 
Greek as to fit him for teaching work in that department and 
who may be enrolled as a member of any class of Columbia. The 
Fellow will be expected to teach regular classes in Beginners' 
Greek for the benefit of students who have not studied this lan- 
guage in college, or to do other work under the professor of New 
Testament. 

The work required of a Fellow will not interfere with his reg- 
ular studies. 

62 



Thomas Walter Horton, Jr. of Spartanburg, S. C, a graduate 
of Presbyterian College, Ikin held the New Testament Fellowship 
for the past year. 

WILDS BOOK PRIZE 

Some years ago the seminary received from Louis T. Wilds, 
Esq., a ruling elder of the First Presbyterian Church, Columbia, 
South Carolina, the sum of $500.00 to provide an annual book 
prize. At the close of each session the proceeds of the gift are in- 
vested in books for a student elected by the faculty because of 
distinction in his academic work. The prize was awarded last year 
to Mr. George Andrew Anderson of Farmville, Va., a graduate 
of Hampden-Sydney College. 

THE R. A. DUNN AWARD IN APOLOGETICS 

A prize of $100.00 is offered each year in the course in Apolo- 
getics for the best essay in defense of the Deity of Christ. Dr. 
Dunn was the leading citizen in Charlotte, N. C, an elder in 
the First Presbyterian Church, and a former Moderator of our 
General Assembly. His name is a synonym of character and in- 
tegrity. In this prize award the stalwart Charlotte elder will con- 
tinue to strengthen the hands of the oncoming ministers — as he 
did those of his several pastors — in the Lord whom he loved. The 
prize is awarded by the Faculty and is ordinarily given on recom- 
mendation of the Professor of Apologetics. The award was made 
last year to Mr. George Arthur Scotchmer of Richmond Hill, 
Ontario, a graduate of Wheaton College. 

INDIANTOWN CHURCH AWARD 

A highly important step to encourage interest in and promote 
the development of Country Church Work has been undertaken 
by the Presbyterian Church of Indiantown, S. O, under the in- 
spiration of its pastor, Rev. C. J. Matthews. Members of that 
church have established for this purpose at Columbia Seminary 
an endowment fund which now amounts to $3,100.00, and 
which may be increscd by later gifts. 

In accordance with the directions of the donors the principal 
of this fund is to be invested by the Directors of the seminary, 
and the annual income from the investment is to constitute the 
Indiantown Country Church Award. This prize is to be awarded 
annually to the member of the Middle Class of the seminary who 
makes the most outstanding record of work in a rural church or 

63 



field during the summer months between his second and third 
years in the institution. The award is to be based upon the stu- 
dent's knowledge of the needs of his field and his faithfulness in 
meeting those needs. The winner of the prize is to be selected by 
a committee of the faculty in consultation with the Chairman of 
Home Missions in the presbytery in which the student labors. In 
the event that no student qualifies for this recognition in a given 
year, the income is to be used in increasing the amount of the 
award to the winners during the two succeeding years. 

In explaining the motive for their action, the donors have writ- 
ten: "This award is made available with the hope and prayer 
that more of our worthy young men may catch a vision of the 
possibilities of the Country Church, and dedicate the ministry of 
their lives to rural areas." The seminary joins whole-heartedly in 
the hope which they have expressed, and welcomes the establish- 
ment of a fund for this purpose. Mr. Wilbur Rood Parvin of Bra- 
denton, Florida, an alumnus of the University of Florida, has re- 
ceived the first award under this fund. 

THE EDGAR WATKINS SCHOLARSHIP 

The Edgar Watkins Scholarship, which is awarded annually 
by the Berean Bible Class of the First Presbyterian Church in At- 
lanta, is named in honor of Judge Edgar Watkins, eminent law- 
yer, civic leader, and churchman. Judge Watkins was born in 
Campbell County in 1868 and died in Atlanta in 1945. He was 
nationally recognized and honored as a leader in his legal profes- 
sion. He served with distinction in various public offices which 
he held in all places where he resided. He served as an Elder in 
the Presbyterian Church for over forty years. He was for many 
years the Chairman of the Board of Trustees of Oglethorpe Uni- 
versity, and was the author of a number of books. 

Judge Watkins was the teacher of the Berean Bible Class of 
Atlanta for over twenty years. His keen legal mind and his wide 
knowledge of history gave his lessons the quality of learned lec- 
tures, illuminated by his love of man and his faith in God and 
His Son Jesus Christ. In appreciation of Judge Watkins' life of 
service, the Berean Class of the First Presbyterian Church of 
Atlanta, has dedicated to his memory the scholarship which they 
maintain at the Columbia Theological Seminary, and has decided 
that this scholarship will be known henceforth as the Edgar Wat- 
kins Scholarship. 

64 



EXTENSION WORK BY THE FACULTY 

Since the removal of the seminary the faculty members have 
been engaged in Atlanta and throughout the South, in practically 
every form of service required of a minister. They preach; ad- 
minister the sacraments for vacant churches; teach Bible classes; 
conduct classes in schools of Missions, teacher training schools, 
and Young People's Conferences; attend other conferences of va- 
rious kinds; address synods, presbyteries, Young People's Confer- 
ences, Men's Clubs and speak to almost every variety of civic and 
social club on a wide range of topics. A special Leadership Train- 
ing conference for the Presbyterians of Greater Atlanta is con- 
ducted by the professors of the seminary in cooperation with the 
Religious Education Committee of Atlanta Presbytery during the 
winter months. 

In order to be effective teachers of men who are to be preachers 
of the Gospel, it is essential that professors in a theological sem- 
inary should be men of a deeply evangelistic spirit and that they 
should not lose contact with the outside world and its needs. For 
this reason, it is the policy of Columbia Seminary to encourage 
its professors in the holding of special evangelistic services as fre- 
quently as their academic activities will permit, and practically 
all members of the faculty conduct one or more such meetings 
annually. 

ALUMNI ASSOCIATION 

The Alumni of Columbia Seminary have always constituted an 
intensely loyal group, and the Alumni Association is a vigorous 
organization which seeks to make an increasing contribution to 
the welfare of the institution. The annual business meeting of the 
Alumni Association is held as one of the principal events of Com- 
mencement Week at the seminary, and it is hoped that this will 
increasingly be a time for the sons of the institution to return to 
its campus. All classes are urged to arrange for reunions every 
five years at this season, and the seminary will gladly cooperate 
in conducting correspondence and making necessary arrange- 
ments to that end. A dinner meeting of the Alumni is also held an- 
nually in connection with the meeting of the General Assembly. 

For a number of years the Association has promoted an Alumni 
Sharing Fund through which graduates of the seminary have 
given to the support of the institution upon an annual basis. Dur- 
ing the recent past the Alumni have contributed generously to- 

65 



ward the establishment of endowment funds in honor of the late 
President Richard T. Gillespie and of Professor J. B. Green. The 
Alumni Fellowship Fund, also provided by the generosity of the 
seminary's graduates, is described elsewhere in this publication. 

The present officers of the Association are Rev. Bonneau H. 
Dickson, Atlanta, Ga., President; Rev. J. W. McQueen, Birming- 
ham, Ala., Vice-President; and Rev. Wm. C. Sistar, Atlanta, Ga., 
Secretary and Treasurer. 

SCHOLARSHIP FUNDS 

One of the great needs of every theological seminary is for an- 
nual scholarships which may be awarded to needy and deserving 
students. Very few candidates for the ministry come from homes 
of large means. Many of them must of necessity exhaust their 
own resources in securing the four-year college training which 
is a prerequisite to the regular seminary course. Comparatively 
few of these men will ever receive large salaries in the ministry, 
and it is important that they should not enter upon their service 
handicapped by a crushing load of debt. Hence it is a matter of 
great importance that aid should be provided where needed. 
There are few, if any, ways in which a finer investment can be 
made for all the causes of the Church. 

The establishment of endowment funds for the permanent pro- 
vision of scholarship aid offers a rare opportunity to contribute 
to one of the most vital enterprises of the Church and at the same 
time to create a fitting memorial to some loved one. Some years 
ago $2,500.00 was named as the amount necessary to endow a 
full scholarship at Columbia Seminary. Any gift of as much as 
$500.00, when so designated, will be considered as establishing a 
permanent endowment for scholarship purposes, however, and 
will be set aside as a trust fund which will bear the name given 
for it by the donor. The seminary lists here with deep gratitude 
the names of such scholarship funds, which have already been 
established at this institution. 



66 



The J. Frank Alldis Scholarship $ 1,000.00 

The Annie Newton Bennett and 

Rev. John Newton Memorial Scholarship 3,500.00 

The Dr. Joseph Davis Bennett Memorial Scholarship 1,295.00 

The Captain Blair Scholarship 1,666.66 

The Dr. and Mrs. John T. Brantley Scholarship .... 4,700.00 

The "Brother Bryan" Scholarship 1,596.16* 

The Man- Carmichael Scholarship 2,000.00 

The Habersham Clay Memorial Scholarship 2,500.00 

The Rosa Scott Coleman Memorial Scholarship .... 500.00 

The Mrs. A. V. Cooper Scholarship 1,500.00 

The William Hawkins Corley Memorial Scholarship . . 2,350.00 

The Decatur Woman's Auxiliary Scholarship 2,500.00 

The Dr. and Mrs. Ray Evers Memorial Scholarship . . 1,050.00* 

The First Presbyterian Church, Marietta, Ga., Scholarship 2,500.00 

The First Presbyterian Church, Rome, Ga., Scholarship . 2,500.00 

The Maud Garland Scholarship 2,000.00 

The J. Wilder Glover Memorial Scholarship 2,500.00 

The LeRoy Gresham Scholarship 3,000.00 

The Harriet Tucker Hawkins Memorial Scholarship . . . 1,000.00 

The Lottie and Loudie Hendrick Scholarship 2,500.00 

The Robert M. Hitch Scholarship 2,500.00 

The Little Fritz Lee Howard Memorial Scholarship . . . 1,000.00 
The Independent Presbyterian Church, 

Savannah, Ga., Scholarship 5,000.00 

The Carson Gillespie Jenkins Memorial Scholarship . . . 1,000.00 

The J. K. Livingston Scholarship 2,500.00 

The Peter G. McEachern Memorial Scholarship .... 2,128.00 

The Elizabeth McFaddcn McLaurin Scholarship .... 2,500.00 

The Mr. and Mrs. S. L. McNair Memorial Scholarship . . 3,775.00 

The E. C. Martin Scholarship 4,099.00 

The Men's Bible Class Scholarship, 

First Church, Augusta, Ga 642.50 

The James H. Owens Scholarship 2,500.00 

The Elizabeth Ross Parkhill Memorial Scholarship, 

First Presbyterian Church, Jacksonville, Fla 1,025.00 

The George H. Pendleton Memorial Scholarship .... 2,000.00 

The J. Davison Phillips Scholarship 500.00 

The Cantey Venable Reed Scholarship 3,000.00 

The Reid Memorial Scholarship 2,500.00 

The John G. Richards Memorial Scholarship 1,536.00 

•Incomplete 

67 



The John Munn and Elizabeth Eccles Saunders Scholarship 2,500.00 

The John D. Snyder Memorial Scholarship 1. ,000. 00 

The James Russell Scholarship 1,000.00 

The Thomas Harper Spencer Scholarship 2,500.00 

The Leila A. Thornton Scholarship Fund 10,000.00 

The Leila A. Thornton and W. A. Austell Scholarship . . 2,500.00 

The Josiah James Willard Memorial Scholarship Fund . . 3,800.00 

The Lawson Williams Scholarship 4,386.00 

The Rev. James A. Wilson Memorial Scholarship .... 2,500.00 

The J. W. Woolfolk Memorial Scholarship 500.00 

The S. R. Wynkoop Scholarship 3,000.00 

OTHER MEMORIAL FUNDS 

In the course of years Columbia Seminary has received a num- 
ber of gifts or legacies which, in accordance with the instructions 
of the donors and with the desire of the institution, are to be 
maintained as perpetual memorials. These gifts are ordinarily to 
be maintained as permanent trust funds, the income from which 
is to be used in the general work of the institution, although, at 
the discretion of the Board of Directors, one of them may ulti- 
mately be used for building purposes. In addition to the Smyth 
Bequest for the Library and Lectureship Funds and to the Bryan 
and Anna Church Whitner Fellowship Funds which are de- 
scribed elsewhere, it is appropriate that special mention should 
be made of the following memorials: 

The J. Bulow and Virginia Orme Campbell Memorial Fund $39,871.45 

The Dr. Thomas Chason Memorial Fund 10,000.00 

The James M. Daniel Memorial Fund 2,500.00 

The Richard Thomas Gillespie Memorial Fund .... 15,957.52* 

The C. W. Grafton Memorial Fund 1,970.00 

The J. B. Green Chair of Theology 98,640.52 

The John King Memorial Fund 26,697.44 

The Kenneth Marion Littlejohn Memorial Fund . . . 1,013.75 

The Rev. James D. McDowell Memorial Fund .... l ;t 000.00 

The Neill Mclnnis Memorial Fund . 500.00 

The Thomas S. and Wm. M. McPheeters Memorial Fund 6,350.00 

The Dr. and Mrs. F. L. Martin Memorial Fund .... 750.00 

The William Clarke Wardlaw Memorial Fund .... 2,500.00 

* Incomplete. 



68 



STUDENT LOAN FUNDS 

In addition to or in place of aid through scholarships, the sem- 
inary has been enabled by the generosity of its friends to make 
loans of varying amounts to worthy students from time to time 
as these are needed. The creation of such loan funds is another 
means by which a worthy memorial to some loved one may also 
be made a permanent means to the upbuilding of the Church, 
and the seminary would record its abiding gratitude for what its 
friends have done in this respect. The following loan funds have 
been established through the years and arc now available: 

The Luther H. Maxwell Loan Fund $15,000.00 

The Margaret Bcnsell Loan Fund 1,021.56 

The Ives Loan Fund 600.00 

The Kekomoisa Bryan Loan Fund 328.00 

The James Bailey Magruder, Senior and Junior Loan Fund 300.00 

The Helen Penniman Warren Memorial Fund 250.00 

The J. Blanton Belk Loan Fund 150.00 

The Naomi Mitchell Simmons Memorial Loan Fund . . 150.00 



69 



JOHN ADRIAN DeKRUYTER 
Grand Haven, Mich. 



JOHN HURLEY McFERRIN 
Roanoke, Va. 



Graduating Class 1947 

MASTER OF THEOLOGY 

Th.B., Calvin Seminary 

B.D., Columbia Theological Seminary 



GABRIEL ABDULLAH 

Jacksonville, Pla. 

GEORGE ANDREW ANDERSON 
Farmville, Va. 

JOHN HENRY BOGLE 
Iowa, La. 

CECIL DuBOSE BREARLEY, JR. 
Myrtle Beach, S. C. 

CHARLES REDDEN BUTLER, JR. 
Lynchburg, Va. 

JOHN WATSON CRAVEN, JR. 
Newland, N. C. 

HENRY ALBERT ERION 
Fort Valley, Ga. 

LOREN EUGENE JORDAN 
Hampton, Ga. 

THOMAS HALDANE McDILL, JR. 
Atlanta, Ga. 

WILLIAM FRANKLIN MITCHELL 
Edgemoor, S. C. 

JOHN LOWRANCE NEWTON 
Gainesville, Ga. 

SAMUEL EDWIN SAPP 
Macon, Ga. 

ARTHUR GEORGE SCOTCHMER 
Richmond Hill, Ontario 

PAUL BLAKE SMITH 
Orlando, Fla. 

HUBERT VANCE TAYLOR 
Atlanta, Ga. 

WILLIAM THOMAS WING, JR. 
Pensacola, Fla. 

JOHN BUTLER WOOD 
Cazenovia, N. Y. 



BACHELOR OF DIVINITY 

A.B., University of Florida 

A.B., Hampden-Sydney College 

A.B., Southwestern Louisiana Institute 

A.B., Presbyterian College 

A.B., Lynchburg College 

A.B., Hampden-Sydney College 

A.B., Mercer University 

A.B., Erskine College 

A.B., Erskine College 

A.B., Erskine College 

B.S., Davidson College 

A.B., Maryville College 

B.S., Wheaton College 

A.B., Maryville College 

A.B., Lafayette College 

B.S., Wheaton College 

A.B., Wheaton College 



DANIEL ADONIS BOWERS 
Toccoa, Ga. 

DENNY MONTE HILL 
Iva. S. C. 

FREDERICK WILLIAM INGLE 
Greenville, S. C. 

ELMER PARKER NICHOLS 
Cedartown, Ga. 



CERTIFICATES OF GRADUATION 

Milligan College 

Clemson College 
Howard College 
Davidson College 



70 



Roll of Students 19474948 


GRADUATE STUDENTS 


GEORGE ANDREW ANDERSON 
Farmvllle. Va. 


A.B.. Hampden-Sydney College 
B.D., Columbia Theological Seminar. 


WADE HILLMAN HARRELL 
S;iv:innah, Ga. 


A.B., Davidson College 

B.D., Union Theological Seminary 


THOMAS HALDANE McDILL 

Atlanta, Ga. 


A.B., Ersklne College 

B.D., Columbia Theological Seminary 


JACOB STEPHEN MacKORELL, JR. 
Charlotte, N. C. 


A.B.. Davidson College 

B.D., Union Theological Seminary 


JAMES CLYDE PLEXICO, JR. 
Dalton. Ga. 


B.S., Asheville College 

B.D., Columbia Theological Seminary 


GEORGE LAFAYETTE RIDDLE 
Cherryville, N. C. 


A.B., Presbyterian College 

B.D., Columbia Theological Seminary 


FREDERICK VOLBEDA 
Swannanoa, N. C. 


A.B., Calvin College 

B.D., Union Theological Seminary 


HUBERT GOLDEN WARDLAW 
Conway, S. C. 


A.B., Presbyterian College 

B.D., Columbia Theological Seminary 


CANDIDATES 


FOR B. D. DEGREE 


ROY WINCHESTER COKER 
Commerce, Ga. 


A.B., Presbyterian College 
Athens Presbytery 


WILLIAM EDGE GDDDENS, JR. 
Birmingham, Ala. 


B.S., Howard College 

Birmingham Presbytery 


RDOGLEY LEE HALL 
Birmingham, Ala. 


A.B., University of Alabama 
Birmingham Presbytery 


OLIVER NEWTON HAMBY 
Bessemer, Ala. 


A.B., Maryville College 

Birmingham Presbytery 


SAMUEL THOMAS HARRIS, JR. 
Ashtabula, Ohio 


B.S., Muskingum College 

Cleveland Presbytery, U.S.A. 


GEORGE WILLIAM HAYWARD 
Spartanburg, S. C. 


A.B., Bob Jones College 
Enoree Presbytery 


ROBERT WILLIAM HESS 
Miami, Fla. 


AJ3., University of Miami 
St. John's Presbytery 


THOMAS WALTER HORTON, JR. 
Spartanburg, S. C. 


A 13., Presbyterian College 
Enoree Presbytery 


ALLEN CLEVELAND JACOBS 
Clinton. S. C. 


A.B., Presbyterian College 

Mecklenburg Presbytery 


EDWARD ARMSTRONG JUSSELY 
Hattlesburg, Miss. 


A.B., Maryville College 

Meridian Presbytery 


WILLIAM THOMAS KING 
Orlando, Fla. 


A.B., Presbyterian College 
Savannah Presbytery 


JOHN AUDELBERT KTRSTEIN 
Biltmore. N. C. 


A.B., Maryville College 

Knoxville Presbytery 


CHEVES KILGORE LIGON 
Columbia, Term. 


A.B., Southwestern 

Columbia Presbytery 


GORDON ARNOLD MacPHERSON 
Woburn, Mass. 


A.B., Gordon College 

Kings Mountain Presbytery 


JAMES HOLCOMB MULHOLLAND 
West Orange. N.J. 


A.B., Texas Christian University 


WILBUR ROOD PARVTN* 
Bradenton, Fla. 


University of Florida 
St. John's Presbytery 


• Approved college degree to be earned before award of theological degree. 




71 



EUGENE PRESTON POE 
Rockingham, N. C. 

LAURENCE BEAVER ROBINSON* 
Montgomery, Ala. 

CHARLES ROBERT TAPP* 
Knoxville, Tenn. 

GEORGE AIKEN TAYLOR 
Decatur, Ga. 



A.B., Elon College 

Mecklenburg Presbytery 

Maryville College 
Florida Presbytery 

Westminster Choir College 
Knoxville Presbytery 



A.B. 






Presbyterian College 
Bethel Presbytery 



MIDDLE CLASS 



ROBERT DEWITTE ALEXANDER 
Athens, Ga. 

BERTIL IV AR ANDERSON 
Denver, Colo. 

CEDRIC CHARLES BENZ, JR. 
Casselberry, Fla. 

CLYDE GERRALL BROWNE 
Cherryville, N. C. 

daniel carlton 

Donalds, S. C. 

JESSE W. COOKE, JR. 
Gastonia, N. C. 

ROBERT DALE DAFFIN 
St. Andrews, Fla. 

THOMAS MILTON DEWS 
Edison, Ga. 

COOK WALDRAN FREEMAN* 
Panama City, Fla. 



A.B., University of Georgia 
Athens Presbytery 

A.B., Denver University 

A.B., Presbyterian College 
St. John's Presbytery 

A.B., Davidson College 

Kings Mountain Presbytery 

A.B., Erskine College 

South Carolina Presbytery 

B.S., University of Miami 
(Methodist) 

B.C.S., Benjamin Franklin University 



A.B. 



WILLIAM ERNEST GARRISON 
Atlanta, Ga. 


B.S. 


RUFUS HOLLIS GAUSE 
Clinton, S. C. 


A.B 


WILLIAM SAMUEL McALILEY 
Chester, S. C. 


A.B. 


JOHN THOMAS McCREA 
Miami, Fla. 


A.B. 


CHARLES THOMAS McKEE 
Newellton, La. 


A3. 


DAVID ADAMS MARTIN 
Gainesville, Fla. 


A.B. 


FRANK HENRY NOLL 
Northumberland, Pa. 


B.S. 


PRESON PEEK PHILLIPS, JR. 
Durham, N. C. 


B.S. 
M.A 


GEORGE HOFFMAN SMITH 
Atlanta, Ga. 


B.S., 
M.S. 


JEAN WILLIAM STONEBRAKER 
Orlando, Fla. 


AJ3. 


ALBERT NORMAN WELLS 
Pensacola, Fla. 


B.S., 


FREDERICK Z. WOODWARD 
Kosciusko, Miss. 


A3., 



, Presbyterian College 
Southwest Georgia Presbytery 

University of Florida 
Athens Presbytery 

Georgia School of Technology 
Atlanta Presbytery 

, Presbyterian College 
(Church of God) 

, Erskine College 
Bethel Presbytery 

, Davidson College 
St. John's Presbytery 

Davidson College 
Atlanta Presbytery 

, University of Florida 
Suwanee Presbytery 

Bucknell University 
Macon Presbytery 

Duke University 
, Duke Graduate School 
Granville Presbytery 

University of Florida 
University of Florida 
Atlanta Presbytery 

Presbyterian College 
St. John's Presbytery 

Alabama Polytechnic Institute 
Florida Presbytery 

Bob Jones College 

Central Mississippi Presbytery 



* Approved college degree to be earned before award of theological degree. 

72 



JUNIOR CLASS 



JAMES EADE ANDERSON 
Horse Shoe. N. C. 

JOHN EDWARD BATES 
Ashburn. Va. 

WARREN WISEL BEALE 
Atlanta. Ga. 

CHARLES WOODWARD BROWNING 
Riceboro. Ga. 

ROBERT LEE BULLARD 
Hattiesburg. Miss. 

SAMUEL SENTELL CAPPEL* 
Alexandria. La. 

WINSTON DOUGLAS CARTY 
West Plains, Mo. 

JOHNSTONE LEWIS COPPOCK 
Columbus, Ga. 

JAMES EDWARD CORRY, JR. 
Atlanta, Ga. 

ALVIN ALLEN GARDNER, JR. 
Montgomery, Ala. 

PAUL WILSON GESS 

Hanging Rock, West Virginia 

JOHN ARCHIE HALEY 
Decatur, Ga. 

JAMES HUGH HARDIN. JR. 
Sanford. Fla. 

WILLIAM LAMAR HICKS 
Covington, Ga. 

KENRY KEITH HILL 
LaGrange, Ga. 

SAMUEL BROWN HOYT, JR. 
Goshen, Va. 

THOMSON QUARLES JOHNSTON 
Spartanburg, S. C. 

LEANDER McFADDEN JONES 
Annlston, Ala. 

TED MURRAY JONES 
Atlanta, Ga. 

JACK M. KENNEDY 
Augusta, Ga. 

ROBERT HUGH LASSETER* 
Forrest Park, Ga. 

GEORGE WILLIAM LONG, JR. 
Southside, West Virginia 

FREDERIC EASLEY MANNING, JR. 
Lashmeet, West Virginia 

MAX MTLLIGAN. JR. 

Signal Mountain, Tenn. 

HAROLD WHITFIELD MINOR, JR. 

Atlanta, Ga. 
PARK HERRINGTON MOORE, JR. 

Decatur, Ga. 

HARVEY REED OVERTON. JR. 
Pulaski, Tenn. 



A.B., Davidson Coil 

Asheville Presbytery 

A.B., Lafayette Ci>: 

Washington City Presbytery 

U.s 

B.S., University of Georgia 
Atlanta. Ga. 

A.B.. Presbyterian Co!' 

Savannah Presbytery 

B.S., Mississippi Southern 
Meridian Presbytery 

Louisiana Polytechnic Institute 



A.B., King College 

Winston-Salem Presbytery 

B.S., Georgia School of Technology 
Macon Presbytery 

A.B., Emory University 
Atlanta Presbytery 

B.S., Alabama Polytechnic Institute 
East Alabama Presbytery 

A.B., King College 

Abingdon Presbytery 

A.B., Emory University 

A.B., University of Florida 
St. John's Presbytery 

A.B., Presbyterian College 
Atlanta Presbytery 

A.B., Presbyterian College 
Atlanta Presbytery 

B.S., Davidson College 

Lexington Presbytery 

B.S., United States Naval Academy 



A.B., King College 

North Alabama Presbytery 

A.B., Stetson University 
(Baptist) 

A.B., Presbyterian College 
Augusta Presbytery 

George Washington University 
Atlanta Presbytery 

A.B., Wheaton College 

Kanawha Presbytery 

A.B.. King College 

Bluestone Presbytery 

B.S.. Georgia School of Technology 
Knoxvillo Presbytery 

A.B., Emory University 
Atlanta Presbytery 

A.B., Davidson College 
Atlanta Presbytery 

A.B., Maryvllle College 

Columbia Presbytery 



Approved college degree to be earned before award of theological degree. 

73 



EUGENE MOSS ROBERTSON 
Atlanta, Ga. 

ALFRED IRVING SAGER 
Chattanooga, Tenn. 

HENRY SAMUEL SCHUM, III 
Asheville, N. C. 

DAVID BURNELL SEABROOK 
Johns Island, S. C. 

LEROY VICTOR SECREST 
Bailey, Miss. 

RICHARD LEE SUMMERS 
Montreat, N. C. 

LOUIS SHERWOOD TAYLOR 
Chattanooga, Tenn. 

RUSSELL DAVID TOMS 
Hialeah, Fla. 

LEIGHTON WILSON WARREN, JR. 
Charleston, S. C. 

GEORGE THOMAS WINGARD, JR. 
Batesville, Arkansas 

MILES COSTIN WOOD, JR. 
States ville, N. C. 

HERBERT FREEMAN WOODY ARD 
Atlanta, Ga. 



A.B., Oglethorpe University 
(Baptist) 

A.B., University of Chattanooga 
Knoxville Presbytery 

A.B., Bob Jones College 

Asheville Presbytery 

A.B., Presbyterian College 
Charleston Presbytery 

A.B., Maryville College 



A.B., University of Miami 
St. John's Presbytery 

A.B., University of Chattanooga 
Chattanooga Presbytery U. 

B.S., University of Miami 
St. John's Presbytery 

A.B., Presbyterian College 
Charleston Presbytery 

A.B., Arkansas College 

Arkansas Presbytery 

A.B., Davidson College 
Concord Presbytery 

A.B., Mercer University 
(Baptist) 






ENGLISH COURSE 



TRACY VINCENT FISHER 
Valdosta, Ga. 



SENIOR CLASS 

Southwest Georgia Presbytery 



BALDWIN FLUKER OGLETREE, JR. 
Atlanta, Ga. 



JAMES DON SKINNER 
Greenville, S. C. 



Toccoa Falls Institute 
Atlanta Presbytery 

Enoree Presbytery 



MIDDLE CLASS 



GROVER CLEVELAND SEWELL, JR. 
Cedartown, Ga. 



Emory University 
Cherokee Presbytery 



JUNIOR CLASS 



VIRGIL O'NEIL McCULLOUGH 
Madison, Fla. 

ROBERT STEVENSON MORRISON 
Augusta, Ga. 

RAYMOND AMBROSE PETRIE 
Ft. Lauderdale, Fla. 

JOHN BLANEY PRIDGEN, JR. 
Valdosta, Ga. 



Lee College 
(Church of God) 

Augusta Presbytery 
St. John's Presbytery 



Davidson College 

Southwest Georgia Presbytery 



74 



JEN-CHI CHANG 

Nanchang, Klangsl, China 

MRS. ROY WINCHESTER COKER 
Commerce, Ga. 

MISS RUTH COLLETTE 
Crescent City. Fla. 

MRS. ALVIN ALLEN GARDNER, JR. 
Montgomery, Ala. 



BIBLE TRAINING COURSE 

A.B.. University of Shanghai 



B.S., Farmvllle State Teachers College 



A.B.. John B. Steton University 
M.A., New York University 

B.S., Alabama Polytechnic Institute 



MISS LALLA IVERSON 
Miami. Fla. 

JOSEPH HARPER SPOONER 
Belgian Congo 



MISS JOSEPHINE U. WOODS 
Charlottesville, Va. 



FRSE FOR MISSIONARIES 

M.D., Johns Hopkins University 

Arkansas College 

A.B., Mary Baldwin Seminary 



75 



LECTURERS ON THE THOMAS SMYTH FOUNDATION 

1911 Frances Landey Patton, D.D., LL.D., Princeton, New Jersey. Sub- 

ject: The Theistic View of the World. 

1912 Casper Rene Gregory, D.D.., LL.D., University of Leipsic, Ger- 

many. Subject: Theological Movements in Germany During the 
Nineteenth Century. 

1913 Robert E. Speer, LL.D., New York City. Subject: Some Mis- 

sionary Problems Illustrated in the Lives of Great Missionary 
Leaders. 

1914 Robert A. Webb, D.D., LL. D., Louisville, Kentucky. Subject: 

The Doctrine of the Christian* Hope. 

1915 William Hoge Marquess, D.D., LL.D., New York City. Subject: 

Period from Abraham to Joshua as Illustrated by the Results 
of Archaeological Discovery. 

1916 J. Campbell White, A.M., LL.D., Wooster, Ohio. Subject: Mis- 

sions and Leadership. 

1917 W. S. Plummer Bryan, D.D., Chicago, Illinois. Subject: The 

Grace of God. 

1918 Benjamin B. Warfield., D.D., LL.D., Princeton, New Jersey. Sub- 

ject: Counterfeit Miracles. 

1919 Francis Landley Patton, D.D., LL.D., Princeton, New Jersey. Sub- 

ject: Christianity and the Mod.ern Man. 

1920 A. H. McKinney, D.D., New York City. Subject: Guiding Girls 

to Christian Womanhood. 

1921 Louis Matthews Sweet, S.T.D., Ph.D., New York. Subject: The 

Origin and Destiny of Man in the Light of Scripture and Mod- 
ern Thought. 

1923 J. Sprole Lyons, D.D., LL.D., Atlanta, Georgia; L. E. McNair, 

D.D., Jacksonville, Florida; W. McF. Alexander, D.D., New 
Orleans., Louisiana; J. B. Hutton, D.D., Jackson, Mississippi; 
James I. Vance, D.D., Nashville, Tennessee; Dunbar H. Ogden, 
D.D., Mobile, Alabama. Subject: The Task of the Preacher. 

1924 Egbert W. Smith, D.D., Nashville, Tennessee. Subject: The Call 

of the Mission Field. 

1925 A. M. Fraser, D.D., Staunton, Virginia. Subject: Church Unity. 

1926 Samuel L. Morris, D.D., Atlanta, Georgia. Subject: The Fact of 

Christianity. 

1927 J. Gresham Machen, D.D., Princeton, New Jersey. Subject: The 

Virgin Birth. 

1928 Charles R. Erdman., D.D., Princeton, New Jersey. Subject: The 

Life of D. L. Moody. 

1929 William T. Ellis, Swarthmore, Pennsylvania. Subject: Explora- 

tions and Adventures in Bible Lands. 

76 



1930 Wm. C. Covert, D.D., LL.D., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Sub- 

ject: Worship and Spiritual Culture. 

1931 W. P. Paterson, D.D., LL.D., Edinburgh, Scotland. Subject: The 

Christian Interpretation of History. 

1932 Melvin Grove Kyle, D.D., LL.D., Louisville, Kentucky. Subject: 

In the Footsteps of Bible Characters. 

1933 W. Taliaferro Thompson, D.D. Subject: The Psychology of Chris- 

tian Growth. 

1934 Fraser Hood, Ph.D., Litt.D.., Davidson, North Carolina. Subject: 

The Christian's Faith. 

1935 Samuel M. Zwemer, D.D., Princeton, New Jersey. Subject: The 

Origin of Religion. 

1936 Cornelius Van Til, Ph.D., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Subject: 

God and Human Knowledge. 

1938 J. Sprole Lyons, D.D., LL.D., Atlanta, Georgia. Subject: Ex- 

pository Preaching. 

1939 Clarence E. Macartney, D.D., Litt.D., Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 

Subject: Kings of the American Pulpit. 

1940 George Lang, D.D.;, LL.D., Tuscaloosa, Alabama. Subject: The 

Elements of a Challenging Religion. 

1941 William D. Chamberlain, Ph.D., D.D., Louisville, Kentucky. Sub- 

ject: The New Testament Idea of Repentance. 

1942 Benjamin Rice Lacy, Jr., D.D., LL.D., Richmond, Virginia. Sub- 

ject: The Inflence of Revivals upon the Southern Presbyterian 
Church. 

1943 Frederick W. Loetscher, D.D., Princeton, New Jersey. Subject: 

Landmarks in our Evangelical Tradition. 

1944 Robert F. Gribble, D.D., Austin, Texas. Subject: The Old Testa- 

ment in the Christian Church. 

1945 C. Darby Fulton, D.D., Nashville, Tennessee. Subject: Missions 

in the World Conflict. 

1946 Harris E. Kirk, D.D., Baltimore, Maryland. Subject: The Minis- 

ter: Awakener of Minds. 

1947 G. Howard Cartledge, Ph.D., Bristol, Tennessee. Subject: Science 

and Religion in the Atomic Age. 



77 



APPENDIX 

Members of the Faculty of Columbia Theological 
Seminary . . . 1828-1948 

Accessus Exitus 

1828 Thomas Goulding,* D.D., Professor of Ecclesiastical His- 
tory and Church Polity. 1834 

1831 George Howe,* D.D., LL.D., Professor of Biblical Lit- 
erature. 1883 

1833 A. W. Leland,* D.D., Professor of Christian Theology. 1856 

1836 Charles Colcock Jones,* D.D., Professor of Ecclesiastical 

1848 History and Church Polity. 1850 

1852 Alexander T. McGill,* D.D., Professor of Ecclesiastical 

History and Church Polity. 1853 

1853 Benjamin M. Palmer,* D.D., LL.D., Provisional Instructor 

and Professor of Ecclesiastical History and Church 
1862 Polity, and Professor of Didactic and Polemic Theology. 1865 

1855 James Henley Thornwell,* D.D., LL.D., Professor of 
Didactic and Polemic Theology, and of Rhetoric and 
Pastoral Theology. 1862 

1857 John B. Adger,* D.D., Professor of Ecclesiastical History 

and Church Polity. 1874 

1861 James Woodrow,* h.D., D.D., LL.D., Professor of Nat- 
ural Science in Connection with Revelation. 1886 

1867 William S. Plumer,* D.D., LL.D. ; , Professor of Didactic 
and Polemic Theology, and Professor of astoral, Casu- 
istic and Historical Thelogy. 1880 

1870 Joseph R. Wilson,* D.D., Professor of Pastoral and Evan- 
gelistic Theology and Sacred Rhetoric. 1874 

1876 John L. Girardeau,* D.D., LL.D., Professor of Didactic 

and Polemic Theology. 1895 

1882 Charles R. Hemphill,* D.D., Associate Professor and Pro- 
fessor of Biblical Literature. 1885 

1882 William E. Boggs,* D.D., Professor of Ecclesiastical History 

and Church Polity. 1885 

1885 James D. Tadlock,* D.D., LL.D., Professor of Ecclesiastical 

History and Church Polity. 1898 



* Deceased 

78 



1887 Charles C. Hcrshnian, # D.D., Professor of Biblical Lit- 

erature. 1888 

1888 Frances R. Beattie,* Ph.D., D.D., Professor of Natural 

Science in Connection with Revelation., and Christian 
Apologetics. 1893 

1888 William M. McPhecters,* D.D., LL.D., Professor of Bib- 
lical Literature and of Old Testament Literature and 
Exegesis. 1935 

1892 Daniel J. Brimm, M.A., Associate Professor of Biblical 

Literature and Professor of New Testament Literature 

and Exegesis. 1900 

1893 Samuel S. Laws,* M.D., D.D., LL.D., Professor of Natural 

Science in Connection with Revelation, and Christian 
Apologetics. 1898 

1895 William T. Hall,* D.D., LL.D., Professor of Didactic and 

Polemic Theology. 1911 

1898 Richard C. Reed,* D.D., LL.D., Professor of Ecclesiastical 

History and Church Polity. 1925 

1898 Samuel M. Smith,* D.D., Provisional Instructor in Pas- 
toral Theology and Homiletics. 1899 

1900 John W. Davis,* D.D., Professor of New Testament Lit- 

erature and Exegesis. 1902 

1901 Samuel C. Byrd, D.D., Adjunct Professor in the Chair of 

Pastoral Theology, Homiletics, and the English Bible. 1902 

1902 Henry Alexander White,* M.A., Ph.D., D.D., LL.D., 

Professor of New Testament Literature and Exegesis. 1926 

1911 Thornton Whaling,* D.D., LL.D., President of the Sem- 
inary and Professor of Didactic and Polemic Theology-. 1921 

1911 R. G. Pearson,* D.D., Professor of the English Bible. 1913 

1913 James O. Rcavis, D.D., LL.D., Professor of the English 

Bible, Homiletics, and Pastoral Theology. 1920 

1916 Edgar D. Kerr, D.D., Instructor in the Hebrew and Greek 
Languages, and Professor of Hebrew and Cognate Lan- 
guages. 

1920 Hugh R. Murchison, D.D., Instructor in Missions. 1926 

1920 MeJton Clark,* D.D., Professor of English Bible and Re- 
ligious Education. 1932 

• Deceased 

79 



1921 John M. Wells,* Ph.D., D.D., LL.D., President of the 

Seminary and Professor of Practical Theology. 1924 

1921 James B. Green, D.D., Professor of Didactic and Polemic 
Theology. 

1925 Richard T. Gillespie,* D.D., LL.D., President of the 

Seminary. 1930 

1925 Charles C. McNeill, D.D., Acting Professor of Ecclesiastical 

History, Church Polity, Pastoral Theology, and Mis- 
sions. 1927 

1926 William C. Robinson, M.A., Th.D., D.D., Professor of 

Ecclesiastical History;, Church Polity and Missions. 

1926 H. Waddell Pratt, D.D., Acting Professor of New Testa- 

ment Literature and Exegesis. 1927 

1927 Hunter B. Blakely, Th.D., D.D., Professor of New Tes- 

tament Literature and Exegesis. 1930 

1930 Samuel A. Cartledge, M.A., Ph.D., Associate Professor and 
Professor of New Testament Literature and Exegesis. 

1932 J. McDowell Richards, M.A. (Oxon), D.D., President 
of the Seminary and Professor of Pastoral Theology. 

1934 Patrick H. Carmichael, Ph.D., D.D., Litt.D. 1( Professor of 

English Bible and Religious Education. 1938 

1936 John S. Foster,* M.A., D.D., Associate Professor of Homi- 

letics and Practical Theology. 1942 

1939 Manford George Gutzke, M.A.,, D.D., Professor of English 
Bible and Religious Education. 

1946 Cecil Asbury Thompson, S.T.M., Professor of Evangelism 

and Country Church Work. 

1947 Felix Bayard Gear, Ph.D., D.D., Professor of Systematic 

Theology. 



Deceased 



80 



INDEX 



Academic Awards 61-64 

Accreditation 12, 13 

Admission and 

Graduation 16, 17 

Alumni Association _ 65, 66 

Application for Admission — 

Last page of catalogue 
Bequests — Inside back cover 

Bible Training Course 26 

Board .... 19 

Board of Directors. 5 

Calendar _...._ 3, 4 

Certificates 25 

College Preparation 17 

Columbia's Territory. 15, 16 

Courses of Study: 

General Statement 30, 31 

Group I 

Biblical Theology....... 3 1-38 

Group II 

Historical Theology 38-4 1 

Group III 

Systematic Theology 4 1 -44 

Group IV 

Practical Theology - 45-53 

Cultural Advantages...... 14 

Degrees ..... 18 

Requirements for 

Th.M. Degree _ 24, 25 

Directions for Reaching 

Seminary _._ « _ 13 

R. A. Dunn Award _ 63 

English Course 25, 26 

Examinations 27 

Expenses 20, 21 

Extension Work by Faculty 65 

Faculty „ ... 7, 8, 78-80 

Fellowships 61, 62, 63 

Fannie Jordan Bryan 

Fellowships 61 

Alumni Fellowships 61 

Anna Church Whitner 

Fellowship 62 

Resident Fellowship 62, 63 

Field Work _... 29 

Financial Aid . 21, 22 



Gndei and Distinctions 27 

Graduating Class 1947 70 

Grounds and Buildings 11, 12 

Historic Columbia 9, 10, 11 

Home Mission Work _ 59 

Indiantown Church 

Award 63, 64 

Instruction 11 

Lectures on Thomas Smyth 

Foundation 76-78 

Lectures, Special _ 65 

Library 55, 56 

Loans to Candidates _ 21 

Medical Care _. 60 

Memorial Funds 68 

Officers of Administration 6 

Opportunities for Observing 

Religious Work 15 

Outline of Courses 

of B.D. Degree 23 

Pledge 18, 19 

Physical Culture 60 

Preaching by Students 59 

Pre-Seminary Curriculum 54 

Public Speech _ 48 

Quartette 57, 58 

Religious Exercises 58 

Reports to Presbyteries 19 

Roll of Students 71-75 

Schedule 23, 27, 28, 29 

Scholarships Funds — 66-68 

Scholarships 21 

Self Help 22 

Seminary, The 9, 10 

Smyth Lectureship 56 

Smvth Library Fund 55 

Society of Missionary 

Inquiry 57 

Student Activities 57 

Students from Other 

Seminaries 18 

Student Loan Funds _ 69 

Textbooks 21 

Theological Internships _ 19 

University Center _ „ 14., 15 

Veterans' Benefits 22, 23 

Edgar Watkins 

Scholarship „ _.. 64 

Wilds Book Prize 63 



81 



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