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IiiiILmi ' I iL 

3 1833 02346 267 1 

Gc 977.101 Sa5c 

Commemorative biographical record 

of the counties of Sandusky and 
Ottawa. Ohio 










J. H. BEERS & CO. 



THE importance of placing in book form biographical fiistory of representative 
citizens — both for its immediate worth and for its value to jCQiming generations 
— is admitted by all thinking people; and within 'Aegast decade there 4ias 
been a growing interest in this commendable means of per'jS'etuating biography 
and family genealogy. 

That the public is entitled to the privileges afforded by a work of this nature 

needs no assertion at our hands; for one of our greatest Americans has said that the 

,1-, history of any country resolves itself into the biographies of its stout, earnest and 

■Sji^ representative citizens. This medium, then, serves more than a single purpose: 

while it perpetuates biography and family genealogy, it records history, much of 

which would be preserved in no other way. 

In presenting the Commemorative Biographical Record to its patrons, the 
publishers have to acknowledge, with gratitude, the encouragement and support their 
enterprise has received, and the willing assistance rendered in enabling them to sur- 
"^v^", mount the many unforeseen obstacles to be met with in the production of a work of 
this character. In nearly every instance the material composing the sketches was 
gathered from those immediately interested, and then submitted in type-written form 
jv .< for correction and revision. The volume, which is one of generous amplitude, is 
'^ ^placed in the hands of the public with the belief that it will be found a valuable addi- 
tion to the library, as well as an invaluable contribution to the historical literature of 
the State of Ohio. 






ers of men in all ages 
have not only pos- 
sessed rare natural 
and acquired abili- 
ties, but in almost 
every instance they 
have been launched 
into the stream of life under circum- 
stances peculiarly favorable for their de- 
velopment, and have had to pass through 
severe trials and discipline preparatory 
to their life work, aptly illustrating that 
" There's a divinity that shapes our ends," 
or "There is a God in history." 

As a highly worthy example of Ameri- 
can leaders who have left their indelible 
impress upon the pages of United States 
history we present the subject of this 
sketch. His ancestry, his natural en- 
dowments, his education, his environ- 
ment and achievements, both in civil and 
military life, resembling in some respects 
those of his illustrious contemporaries, 
Lincoln and Grant, furnish valuable ob- 
ject lessons to young Americans, and are 
eminently worthy of a place in the local 
biographical record of the people of a his- 
toric locality. 

The ancestor from whom are descend- 
ed the Buckland families in Sandusky 
county, Ohio, was a citizen of Hartford, 
Conn. , in Colonial times, and was of En- 
glish descent. His son, Stephen Buck- 

land, of East Hartford, grandfather of our 
subject, was a captain-lieutenant in Bige- 
low's Artillery Company, raised in Con- 
necticut during the Revolutionary war. 
This was an independent company, re- 
cruited early in 1776, and was attached 
to the Northern Department, where it ap- 
pears to have been accepted as a Conti- 
nental company. It was stationed dur- 
ing the summer and fall at Ticonderoga 
and vicinity. Stephen Buckland was 
commissioned captain-lieutenant of this 
company January 23, 1776, and was pro- 
moted November 9 to Maj. Steven's Con- 
tinental Artillery. He was afterward a 
captain in Col. John Crane's Third Regi- 
ment of Continental Artillery, commis- 
sioned January I, 1777, and was detached 
with his company to serve with Gates 
against Burgoyne. He was subsequently 
stationed at various points, and was at 
Farmington in the winter of 1777-78. 
He was furloughed by Gen. Washington 
for five weeks, from October 30, 1778, 
and was on command at Fort Arnold, 
West Point, in 1779. He afterward be- 
came captain of a privateer which was 
captured on the second day of April, 1782, 
by the British brig ' ' Perseverance, " Ross, 
commander, and was with his officers 
confined in the "Old Jersey" prison 
ship, where he died on the 7th of May, 
of the same year. His remains are prob- 
ably now, with other martyrs of the 
prison ships, buried in Fort Green, Brook- 



lyn, X. Y. , near Washington Place, in 
that city. He had married a Miss Mary 
Olmsted, who was born September 27, 
1774, and their children were Mary; 
Hannah; Stephen, who died in infancy; 
another child, also called Stephen, who 
also died in infancy; Betsey, and Ralph. 

Ralph Buckland, born July 28, 1781, 
son of Stephen, came in the year 181 1 to 
Portage county, Ohio, where he served 
in the capacity of land agent and sur- 
veyor. In 18 1 2 he removed his family 
in a one-horse sleigh from their home in 
Massachusetts to Ravenna, Ohio. His 
wife's maiden name was Ann Kent. Some 
few 3ears after his death Mrs. Buckland 
married Dr. Luther Hanchett, who then 
had four children by a former marriage; 
six more children were born to them. 
Ralph Buckland served as a volunteer in 
Hull's army during the war of 181 2. He 
was second sergeant in Capt. John Camp- 
bell's company, which began its march 
on the 4th of July, 18 12, to join the regi- 
ment commanded by Col. Lewis Cass, at 
Detroit. After great suffering and hard- 
ship, because of the character of the 
country traversed, they finally reached 
the river Raisin, and were surrendered by 
Gen. Hull on the i6th day of August, as 
prisoners of war. Mr. Buckland returned 
to his home in Ravenna, "prisoner on 
parole," and died May 23, 1813. His 
children were: An infant daughter who 
died on the way west, and was buried at 
Albany, N. Y. ; Ralph Pomeroy, our sub- 
joct; and Stephen, who for nearly forty 
years was a leading druggist at Fremont, 

Ralph Pomeroy Buckland was born at 
Leyden, Mass., January 20, 181 2. Dur- 
ing his early life he lived with his step- 
father and family on a farm, but the 
greater part of the time previous to the 
age of eighteen he lived with and labored 
for a farmer uncle in Mantua, excepting 
two years when he worked in a woolen 
factory at Kendall, Ohio, and one year 
which he spent as clerk in a store. In 

the winter he attended the country 
schools, and in the summer of 1830 at- 
tended an academy at Tallmadge, Ohio, 
where he commenced the study of Latin. 
In the fall of 1831 he embarked, at 
Akron, Ohio, on board a flat-boat loaded 
with a cargo of cheese, to be transported 
through the Ohio canal, down the Mus- 
kingum, Ohio and Mississippi rivers to 
Natchez, Miss. At Louisville he secured 
a deck passage on the " Daniel Boone," 
and worked his way by carrying wood on 
board. At Natchez he found employ- 
ment, and secured the confidence of his 
employers so far that at the end of a few 
months they put him in charge of two flat- 
boats lashed together and loaded with 
1200 barrels of flour for the New Orleans 
market. On this trip he served his turn 
with the rest of the crew as company 
cook. The voyage was successfully com- 
pleted, and at the solicitation of his em- 
ployers he remained in New Orleans, in 
charge of their commission house. Here, 
for a time, he was under the influence of 
companions who indulged in drinking, 
gambling and other vices, and was con- 
firmed in his resolution to avoid the evils 
by the sudden death of a fellow clerk, a 
victim of dissipation. He saved his 
money, and spent his time in the study of 
the Latin and French languages, and in 
reviewing common-school branches. 

In June, 1834, Mr. Buckland started 
for Ohio, on a visit to his mother, leaving 
New Orleans with the fixed idea of return- 
ing and making that city his future home. 
He had been offered several first-rate 
situations, but on arriving home his moth- 
er induced him to remain in the North. 
After spending one year at Kenyon Col- 
lege, he began the study of law in the 
office of Gregory Powers, at Middlebury, 
now apart of Akron, Ohio, and completed 
it with Whitlessy & Newton, at Canfield* 
being admitted to practice in the spring 
of 1837. During the winter of the pre- 
vious year he had spent several months 
pursuing his studies in the office of George 




B. Way, who was then editor of the 
Toledo Blade, and in whose temporary 
absence he acted for a few weeks as editor 
pro teiii. Immediately after Mr. Buck- 
land's admission to the bar, with only 
about fifty dollars in his pocket, loaned 
him by his uncle, Alson Kent, he started 
in quest of a favorable location for an at- 
torney. The failure of the wild-cat banks 
was what settled him in Lower Sandusky, 
for on arriving here he had not good 
money enough to pay a week's board, and 
was obliged to stop. He was kindly 
trusted by Thomas L. Hawkins for a 
sign, opened a law office, and soon se- 
cured enough business to pay for his ex- 
penses, which were kept down to the 
lowest possible point. At this date he 
was not only without means, but still 
owed three hundred dollars for his ex- 
penses incurred while a student, and for 
a few necessarj' law books; but he was 
confident of ultimate success, for eight 
months after opening up his law office in 
Lower Sandusky he went to Canfield, 
Ohio, and married Charlotte Boughton, 
returning with her the following spring. 
Being strictly economical, their expenses 
during their first year of married life did 
not exceed $300. His credit was good 
and his business steadily increased, so 
that at the end of three or four years he 
had all he could attend to. He was at 
that time slender in build and troubled 
with dyspepsia, but out-door exercise, 
gained in traveling on horseback to the 
courts of adjoining counties, during term 
time, cured him and gradually increased 
his weight and physical strength. In 
1846 Rutherford B. Hayes became a 
partner with Mr. Buckland in the practice 
of law, and the partnership continued 
until Mr. Hayes removed to Cincinnati, 
three years later. He afterward had as- 
sociated with him Hon. Homer Everett, 
under the firm name of Buckland & 
Everett, and still later James H. Fowler, 
the firm name becoming Buckland, 
Everett & Fowler, succeeded by R. P. & 

H. S. Buckland, R. P. & H. S. Buck- 
land & Zeigler, and Buckland & Buck- 

From his youth R. P. Buckland took 
an active interest in politics, and was a 
strong partisan, outspoken in his views. 
He was mayor of the village of Lower 
Sandusky (now Fremont), in 1843-45, 
and held other positions of public trust. 
He was a delegate to the Philadelphia 
Convention in 1843 which nominated Gen. 
Zachary Taylor for the Presidency. Upon 
the organization of the party he became 
a Republican, and never wavered from 
his principles. In 1855 he was elected 
to the Ohio Senate as a Republican, and 
was re-elected in 1857, serving four years. 
He was the author of the law for the 
adoption of children, which was passed 
during his service in the Senate. 

Mr. Buckland's nature was intensely 
patriotic under the molding influences of 
his father and grandfather, who had been 
soldiers of the American Republic. 
Hence, at the outbreak of the Rebellion, 
in 1 861, he threw his whole soul into the 
struggle. His military record is a matter 
of history. Gen. Hayes said of him: "He 
was the best soldier of his age in the vol- 
unteer service." In October, 1861, he 
was appointed lieutenant-colonel by Gov. 
William Dennison, of Ohio, and given 
authority to raise a regiment for the three- 
years' service. In three short months the 
glorious Seventy-second Regiment, which 
he organized, was ready for the field. On 
January 10, 1862, he was mustered into the 
United States service as colonel of the Sev- 
enty-second Regiment, O. V. I., and two 
weeks later left with his regiment for 
Camp Chase, Columbus, Ohio. In Feb- 
ruary he was ordered to report with his 
command to Gen. W. T. Sherman, at 
Paducah, Ky., and here the regiment was 
assigned to the Fourth Brigade, First 
Division, Army of the Tennessee, and 
Col. Buckland placed in command of the 
brigade. At the battle of Shiloh, the first 
week in April, 1862, the Colonel won en- 



during fame as an heroic soldier and com- 
mander, and his brigade covered itself 
with glory. Buckland was not surprised 
at Shiloh, but was expecting an attack. 
His brigade and the Seventy-second Regi- 
ment were at the keypoint of the fight, 
on the extreme right of the attack, and 
withstood the fierce onset of the enemy 
on the morning of the 6th. When the 
brigade did fall back, it was done in per- 
fect order, contesting every foot of the 
ground. On the 7th Buckland's brigade 
participated in the advance that swept the 
enemy from the field, and at night they 
rested in advance of the position they oc- 
cupied on the 6th. Gen. Sherman al- 
ways accorded to Gen. Buckland the high- 
est praise for his bravery and coolness at 
Shiloh, and the splendid services rendered 
by his brigade. Had some other man 
been where Buckland was, the final out- 
come of the battle might have been far 

That Gen. Grant appreciated and 
recognized the military skill of Gen. R. P. 
Buckland is shown by his letter to Gen. 
Sherman, on November 10, 1862, in re- 
lation to operations in western Tennes- 
see and northern Mississippi. He writes: 
•'I will not be able to send you any gen- 
eral officers, unless possibly one to take 
command of the forces that will be left at 
Memphis. Stuart and Buckland will 
both command brigades or even divisions 
as well as if they held the commissions 
which they should and I hope will 
hold."* In battle Gen. Buckland was 
cool and fearless, but not reckless. He 
looked well to the comfort and health of 
his men on all occasions, and this made 
him loved and respected by the soldiers. 
On November 29, 1862, he was promoted 
to the rank of brigadier-general, for his 
bravery at Shiloh, and on January 26, 
1864, Gen. Sherman placed Gen. Buck- 
land in command of the District of Mem- 
phis, where his administrative abilities 

•War of the Rebellio 
ifcderate Annies, Sc 

■ial Records of the Union and 
Volume XVII. Part U, page 

were exemplified and his integrity o 
character clearly manifested. Here he 
promptly repelled an attack of Gen. For- 
rest, and put him to flight. While serv- 
mg m the army, in the fall of 1864, Gen. 
Buckland was elected to Congress. He 
remained in command of the Di.strict of 
Memphis for the balance of the vear on 
January 6, 1865, tendered his resignation 
at W ashmgton to the Secretary of War, 
and was duly mustered out of the service.' 
On August 3, 1866, he was commissioned 
brevet-major-general, U. S. V. , to rank 
from May 13, 1865, for meritorious serv- 
ice in the army. 

After an honorable career in Congress 
during the reconstruction of the Southern 
States, Mr. Buckland returned to Fre- 
mont, Ohio, where he resumed his law 
practice. ^ During recent years his sons, 
Horace S. and George, were associated 
with him in the law fi"rm of Buckland & 
Buckland, and relieved their father of the 
arduous work of the profession. Gen. 
Buckland's legal career was marked by 
the same thorough integrity, ability and 
success that characterized him in his en- 
tire walk through life. To his example 
and influence the city of Fremont is in- 
debted for much of its material prosperity 
m the matter of public improvements. 
He erected the first substantial three- 
story brick building in that city, now 
known as Masonic Block. In 1853 he 
built the residence he ever after occupied, 
and it was at that time the finest dwelling 
in northern Ohio. Subsequently he built 
the three-story block at the corner of 
Front and State streets. He took an 
active part in securing railroads and man- 
ufactories for the city, and always stood 
in the front rank of citizens who worked 
for the upbuilding of Fremont. 

Gen. Buckland was a charter member 
of Eugene Rawson Post No. 32, G. A. R., 
Fremont, Ohio, and was its first com- 
mander. He was a companion of the 
Loyal Legion, and a member of the S. A. 
J. Snyder Command, Union Veteran's 






Union; also belonging to the Society of 
the Army of the Tennessee, and to other 
army societies. He was the life presi- 
dent of the Society of the Seventy-second 
Regiment O. V. I. , and was for a time 
president of the Sandusky County Pio- 
neer and Historical Society. He was 
for forty-five years a member of Croghan 
Lodge, I. O. O. F., and for many years 
had been junior warden in and an active 
member of St. Paul's Episcopal Church, 
Fremont. Thus for more than half a 
century he had been a conspicuous figure 
in Fremont and northern Ohio. He was 
a pioneer settler, a distinguished lawyer, 
a gallant soldier, an eminent member of 
the Ohio State and the National Legisla- 
tures, and an enterprising and public-spir- 
ited citizen. He was an educated and 
courteous Christian gentleman, and his 
name and his accomplishments are indel- 
ibly stamped on the history of the city of 
Fremont and of the Nation. He will 
never be forgotten. His death occurred 
on Friday, May 27, 1892, when he was 
at the venerable age of more than eighty 
years. From the announcement of his 
death until after his funeral many flags 
floated at half-mast all over the city, and 
nearly all the business houses were closed. 
At his funeral the spacious residence, the 
grounds and the adjoining streets were 
thronged with people anxious to pay the 
last tribute of respect to the departed. 
The funeral discourse was delivered by 
Rev. S. C. Aves, pastor of the Episcopal 
Church, Norwalk, Ohio, and was touch- 
ingly eloquent and sympathetic. At the 
close ex-President Hayes paid a fitting 
tribute to his life-long friend in a brief, 
concise and masterly manner. At the 
tomb, in Oak Wood Cemetery, the Grand 
Army of the Republic conducted its im- 
pressive burial service. Closely following 
this event many worthy tributes of re- 
spect were paid by the various societies 
of the city, among which were the Fre- 
mont Bar Association, the Union Veter- 
an's Union, the Sons of Veterans, the 

Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the 
city council of Fremont, and St. Paul's 
Episcopal Church. 

The children of Gen. R. P. and 
Charlotte Buckland were: Ralph Bough- 
ton Buckland, who died at Fremont, 
Ohio, in 1880; Ann Kent Buckland, wife 
of Charles M. Dillon; Alson Kent Buck- 
land and Thomas Stilwell Buckland, both 
of whom died in infancy; Caroline Nichols 
Buckland, who died at Memphis, Tenn., 
at the age of sixteen; Mary Buckland, 
who died at the age of six; Horace Step- 
hen Buckland, attorney at law, just 
elected Judge of the Court of Common 
Pleas for the second sub-division for the 
Fourth Judicial District of Ohio (he mar- 
ried Miss Elizabeth Catherine Bauman, 
of Fremont) [a more extended account of 
Judge H. S. Buckland is found elsewhere 
in this volume]; and George Buckland, 
an attorney at law, of Cincinnati, Ohio, 
who married Grace Huntington, daughter 
of J. C. Huntington, of Cincinnati. The 
General's grandchildren are the children 
of his daughter, Mrs. C. M. Dillon, viz. : 
George Buckland Dillon, who died in in- 
fancy; Mary Buckland Dillon; Ralph Put- 
nam Dillon, a graduate of the Case 
School, Cleveland, Ohio; Kent Howard 
Dillon, a student of the same school; 
Charlotte Elizabeth Dillon, a student at 
the Lake Erie Seminary, Painesville, 
Ohio; Edward Boughton and Edwin Dil- 
lon (twins), who died in infancy, and 
Charles Buckland Dillon. 

Gen. Buckland's son, Ralph Bough- 
ton Buckland, was a man of more than 
usual force of character. At the break- 
ing out of the war he enlisted in Capt. 
Tillotson's Company of the Eighth O. V. 
I., ninety-day-men, and went with that 
company to Cincinnati. Upon his return 
his father would not permit him to re-en- 
list, but required him to remain at home 
to look after the family and his varied in- 
terests there, which Ralph did nobly un- 
til the close of the war, when he went 
South to look after plantations which his 



father had purchased. The venture not 
proving profitable, the plantations were 
sold and he returned to the homestead in 
the North, where he died in i8So. He 
never married. 

Caroline Nichols Buckland died of con- 
gestive fever, at Memphis, Tenn., May 
21, 1864. She had gone down to Mem- 
phis in company with her mother and 
little brother George, to visit her father, 
who was then in command of the District 
of ^femphis. A few daj's before the time 
for their return North, Carrie vyas taken 
suddenly ill with the dread disease, and 
died after an illness of only three days. 
On Sunday evening, after services at the 
house, Carrie began her last journey, sur- 
rounded by the Seventy-second Regiment 
O. V. I., which by its own request acted 
as escort. She was only fifteen years and 
eight months old, and was probably the 
only young girl who had a military fu- 
neral during the war of the Rebellion. 
She was brought home, and now lies 
buried in Oak Wood Cemetery, Fremont, 
Ohio. The following lines were pub- 
lished in the Memphis Bitllctin at the 
time of her death: 

How still she lies amid the flowers, 

And nifjht itself seems dead: 
Theciti' sleeps; 110 sound we hear 

Save the lone sentry's tread. 

The slender fing'ers slightly clasp 
Pale flowers, sweet and white ; 

All pure and lovely as yon moon 
Of cold and silver light. 

The .soft, luxuriant, pale brown hair 
Waves in the evening wind; 

Yet in that marble, changeless face 
No wave of life we find. 

The fair face looks like peaceful sleep, 

The lips full as in life; 
Yet the red blood has ceased to flow — 

Ceased has life's busy strife. 

A broken lily-bud; no eye 

Of earth may ever see 
How gloriously it blooms above, 

Flower of Eternity. . 

Were death but an unchanging sleep. 

How sad would be this night; 
But there's a land beyond the grave — 

A home of living light. 

Memphis, June 18, 1864. 

The Memphis Bulletin said of her: 
' ' Three weeks ago she arrived with her 
mother from Ohio. With all the attrac- 
tions of her sixteen summers about her, 
an amiability that won every heart, a 
fascination of manner whose gentle influ- 
ence, wherever she appeared, awakened 
interest and admiration, and a kind and 
genial sympathy that captured affection, 
she was everywhere a favorite, and her 
company was sought and valued wherever 
she became known. 

" Fresh as the spring whose charms 
at the moment deck every hill and 
meadow, she enjoyed her advent to new 
scenes, welcomed with youthful zest the 
appreciative regard of the new circle amid 
which she was introduced, and rejoiced 
once more to join her honored and happy 
sire, himself proud of the sweet blossom 
Providence had vouchsafed as the treas- 
ure of his life — when death plucked the 
flower in the very youth of its loveliness, 
and stamped the fleeting charm with the 
impress of immortality." 

mont, Sandusky county, is a na- 
tive of the same, having been born 
March 14, 1862, a son of Chris- 
tian and Marie Magdalen (Engler) Doncy- 
son. The German spelling of the name 
was Danzeison. 

Christian Doncyson was a native of 
Dentzlingen, Baden, Germany, born De- 
cember II, 18 12, son of Bernhardt and 
Anna (Hugin) Doncyson, who were also 
natives of Baden. His mother died "in 
Dentzlingen in 181 3, during the Napo- 
leonic war, and in 1 8 1 5 his father married, 
for his second wife. Miss Christina Stribin. 
Christian Doncyson was educated in the 
public schools, and at the age of fourteen 
became a member of the Evangelical 
Protestant Church. He learned the trade 
of baker, at which he labored two years, 
and then worked in a brewery atEmmen- 
dingen, at the age of twentj'-one com- 



mencing to serve in the Second Regiment 
of Baden Dragoons at Mannheim. After 
thirteen months' service he was honor- 
ably discharged, at the request of his 
father, who had decided to emigrate to 

The Doncyson family left their home 
in Baden June 30, 1834, and after a tedi- 
ous journey of nineteen days arrived at 
Havre, where they took passage for 
America. The company consisted of 
Bernhardt Doncyson and wife, their sons 
John and Christian, George Engler and 
wife, and their children — Marie Magdalen 
(afterward wife of Judge Doncyson), Mrs. 
Christian Shively, Mrs. Catherine Ochs, 
George Engler, Andrew Engler, Henry 
Engler and Mrs. Rosina Longenbach. 
After a voyage of thirty-seven days they 
reached New York, from which city they 
proceeded by canal-boat to Buffalo, 
thence on the steamer "Harrison" to 
Portland (now Sandusky City), and by 
boat to Lower Sandusky. Bernhardt 
Doncyson bought eighty acres of wild land 
in Sandusky township, near the mouth of 
Little Mud creek, where he followed 
farming about twenty-three years. His 
death occurred February i, 1867, and 
that of his wife in July, 1867. 

Christian Doncyson assisted his father 
in farm work until 1836, when he found 
employment, as a baker, with Fred Wise, 
who occupied a wooden building on the 
site of the Star Clothing House, Fremont. 
He next worked a few months with Fred 
Boos, a baker, at Sandusky City, and 
then went to Manhattan (now Toledo), 
Ohio, where he plied his trade, and where, 
on February 7, 1837, he married Marie 
M. Engler. Returning to Sandusky county 
he again assisted his parents on their farm 
until 1838, when he hired out to John 
Stahl to manage a bakery in a building 
then belonging to Mrs. S. A. Grant, near 
the west end of State street bridge. Lower 
Sandusky. Here he remained until 1844, 
when he and George Engler jointly 
bought out John Stahl's grocery, and con- 

ducted the business together for several 
years. In 1853 Mr. Doncyson erected a 
three-story brick building on ground 
which he afterward sold to the Wheeling 
& Lake Erie Railroad Company, and car- 
ried on a grocery and provision store for 
upward of twenty years. In 1883 he 
built a fine brick mansion on the corner 
of Croghan and Wayne streets, which he 
occupied as a family residence during the 
rest of his life. He held various offices 
of honor and trust in his community, hav- 
ing been treasurer of Sandusky township 
from 1846 to 1862, county infirmary di- 
rector from 1867 to 1878, probate judge 
from 1878 to 1884, member of the city 
council of Fremont two terms, and of the 
city board of education twelve years. He 
was quiet and unassuming in manner, but 
proved a faithful and obliging official. 
During the last ten years of his life he 
lived partly retired from business, serving 
occasionally as deputy clerk for Hon. E. 
F. Dickinson and Hon. Joseph Zimmer- 
man. He was for many years a member 
of Fort Stephenson Lodge, F. & A. M., 
and worshipful master of the same. The 
children of Christian and Marie M. Doncy- 
son, all born in Sandusky, were: Chris- 
tena, wife of Leonard Adler, a butcher on 
East State street, Fremont; Elizabeth, 
deceased wife of Charles Geisen, a brew- 
er; Lucy A., who married Herman J. 
Gottron, a marble dealer (both now de- 
ceased); Henry G., a soldier of the Civil 
war, who served in Company K, One 
Hundredth Regiment O. V. I., married 
Miss Carrie Brown and is living at Tope- 
ka, Kans. , where he is employed in the 
pension office; John R. , a grocer of Fre- 
mont, who married Farry Kent; Herman 
W. , an architect, of Fremont, married 
to Amelia Hidber; George E. , a liveryman, 
of Fremont; Oscar J. , whose name intro- 
duces this sketch; Ella, widow of Jesse 
Schultz, whoiwas a teacher; and two sons 
and one daughter who died in infancy. 
Judge C. Doncyson died at his home in 
Fremont, Ohio, June 14, 1893, and was 



buried with Masonic honors, in Oakwood 
cemeter}'. His wife preceded him to the 
grave May iS, 1892, at the age of seven- 

Oscar J. Doncyson, the subject prop- 
er of this sketch, spent his youth in as- 
sisting his parents and attending the pub- 
lic schools of his native city, Fremont. 
At the age of eighteen he entered on life 
for himself as clerk in a grocery store. In 
1886 he established a grocery and provis- 
ion store on his own account; but two 
3'ears later he sold his grocery stock, and 
became an employe in the county audi- 
tor's office, where he served as deputy for 
a number of years. He had previously 
assisted his father in the office of probate 
judge. In religious connection he is a 
member of Grace Lutheran Church; so- 
cially he is affiliated with the German Aid 
Society of Fremont. 

BASIL MEEK. The subject of 
this sketch was born at New Cas- 
tle, Henry Co., Ind. , April 20, 
1829. He came of Anglo-Saxon 
ancestry, his paternal great-grandfather, 
Jacob Meek, having come from England 
to Virginia, whence later he moved to 
North Carolina, finally settling in Mary- 
land. His maternal great-grandfather, 
James Stevenson, a native of Pennsylva- 
nia, but moving to North Carolina and 
finally settling in Tennessee, served as a 
soldier during the war of the Revolution, 
and held a commission as captain in that 
war. His paternal grandfather, John 
Meek, moved from his native State of 
Maryland to Pennsylvania when the father 
of the subject of this sketch, whose name 
was also John, was a small boy; but after 
a few years' residence there, he, in 1788, 
removed with his family and all his ef- 
fects to Kentucky, settling at New Cas- 
tle, Henry county, in that State, where 
he died in 1803. He had been the owner 
of slaves, but in his will manumitted the 
last one he owned. 

John Meek (father of Basil), a farmer, 
was born in 1772, near Ellicott's Mills 
(now Ellicott City), in the State of Mary- 
land, going with his father first to Penn- 
sylvania and thence to Kentucky where 
he grew to manhood, and at New Castle, 
Ky., July I, 1 792, was married to his first 
wife, Miss Margaret Ervin, who bore him 
nine children — six sons and three daugh- 
ters — their names and dates of birth being 
as follows: William, May 29, 1793; 
Joseph, March 3, 1795; Sarah, 1797; 
Mary, 1800; Jeptha, November 3, 1803; 
Jesse, May 27, 1806; Elizabeth, August 
9, 1808; John (date lost); and Lorenzo 
Dow, May 29, 1812. These all married 
and raised families. Of them, Sarah was 
married at Richmond, Ind., to John 
Smith, son of one of the founders of that 
city, and Joseph married Gulielma, a sis- 
ter of John Smith. Mary became the 
wife of Rev. Daniel Fraley, a pioneer 
Methodist preacher of Indiana. The 
last surviving one, Elizabeth, was the 
wife of Rev. John Davis, a local Method- 
ist minister, who died at Wabash, Ind. ; 
she died at Stratford, Ontario, Canada, in 
1893, aged eighty-six years. John Meek, 
about 1 8 12, moved from Kentucky to 
Wayne county, Ind., and settled at Clear 
Creek, on a farm now embraced within 
the limits of the present city of Rich- 
mond. Here his first wife died while 
Lorenzo D. was a small boy. He con- 
tinued to live there some years, and then 
moved to New Castle, Henry Co., Ind., 
where in 1827, he married Miss Salina 
Stevenson, daughter of John Stevenson; 
she was only twenty while he was fifty- 
five years old at the time. 

There were six children- born to 
him of the marriage — four sons and two 
daughters — of whom are now living the 
subject of this sketch, and Capt. James 
S., who was born August 17, 1834, 
now living in Spencer, Ind. ; Laurinda, 
born June 2, 1831, now the wife of 
Stephen Clement, of Newton Iowa; 
Cynthia J., born November 29, 183G, now 



the wife of Jesse Clement, of Scandia, 
Kans. One of the sons died in infancy; 
the other son, Thomas J., born January 
15, 1843, died in early manhood. The 
mother of these died at the home of her son, 
Capt. James S. Meek, at Spencer, Ind., 
in 1883, aged seventy-six years. In the 
year 1832 John Meek returned to Wayne 
county, and there resided until 1841, 
when he removed with his family to Mor- 
gan township, Owen Co., Ind., then a 
very new and unimproved section of the 
State, with but very limited school or 
other privileges. Here he died in 1849, 
and was buried in Pleasant Grove Ceme- 
tery, in that township. 

Basil Meek was only twelve years old 
when his father settled in Owen county, 
and, having no opportunity of attending 
any of the higher educational institutions, 
his school education was limited to that 
of the common schools of that compara- 
tively new country; but being naturally 
inclined to study, he improved every op- 
portunity that was afforded for self im- 
provement, and to none of these is he 
more indebted than to a few years' resi- 
dence at the falls of Eel river — Cataract 
village — in the cultured family of Alfred 
N. Bullitt, Esq., in whose store he served 
as clerk. This was a Kentucky family 
from Louisville. Mr. Bullitt was a man 
of fine abilities, a graduate of Yale and 
had been possessed of what was in his 
day^a large fortune in Louisville which 
through some misfortune he had lost, and 
having an interest in a large tract of land, 
which included the "falls," he removed to 
Cataract village with his accomplished 
family in 1846, and there kept a general 
store. To his valuable library of rare 
books, the subject of this sketch had ac- 
cess; which, together with the friendly 
interest of Mr. Bullitt and his family, 
awakened in him a desire, and supplied 
the opportunity for a higher and better 
education than could be obtained short of 
■ college. 

While residing at Cataract village, De- 

cember 23, 1849, he was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Cynthia A. Brown, daugh- 
ter of Abner Brown, of Morgan township, 
the result of this union being four chil- 
dren, namely: Minerva Bullitt; Mary E. ; 
Lenora Belle, and Flora B. Of these, 
Minerva B. died at Clyde, Ohio, Novem- 
ber 22, 1869, in the eighteenth year of 
her age; Flora B. died in infancy; Mary 
E. is the wife of Byron R. Dudrow, at- 
torney at law of Fremont; and Lenora 
Belle is the wife of L. C. Grover, farmer, 
near Clyde. The mother of these died in 
Spencer, Owen Co., Ind., in August, 
1861. On September 30, 1862, Mr. 
Meek married Miss Martha E. Anderson, 
daughter of Alvin and Harriet (Baldwin) 
Anderson, of Bellevue, Ohio. By this 
marriage there are two children, namely: 
Clara C, wife of Dr. H. G. Edgerton, 
dentist, of Fremont, Ohio, and Dr. Rob- 
ert Basil, a brief notice of whom follows. 
Our subject's grandchildren are: Robert 
Basil Grover, Msry B. , Rachel, Dorothy 
and Henry Meek Edgerton. 

In 1853 at the age of twenty-four 
Basil Meek was elected clerk of the cir- 
cuit court and moved from Cataract to 
Spencer, the county seat of Owen county. 
He was re-elected without opposition in 
1857, serving two terms of four j'ears 
each. During these eight years he de- 
voted such time as could be spared from 
his official duties in studying law, and in 
1 86 1 was admitted to the bar and formed 
a partnership with Hon. Samuel H. Bus- 
kirk, of Bloomington, and practiced law 
at Spencer for about two years. In 1864 
he removed from his native State to San- 
dusky county, Ohio, making at first his 
home on a farm which is now within the 
village of Clyde. In 1871 he became a 
member of the Sandusky county bar, and 
formed a partnership with Col. J. H. 
Rhodes in the practice of law at Clyde. 
This partnership continued for four years, 
after which he practiced alone until Feb- 
ruary 10, 1879, when he entered upon his 
duties as clerk of courts, to which offi;; 



he had been elected at the previous fall 
election b}' a large plurality, running 
ahead of his ticket in his own village and 
township 284 votes. In the fall of 1879 
he removed with his family to Fremont, 
where he now resides. At the close of 
his term he was re-elected clerk of courts 
by a majority of i, 100 votes, and served 
si.x years in all. On retiring from this office 
he resumed the practice of his profession, 
with F. R. Fronizer as partner, until he 
was appointed, by President Cleveland, 
postmaster at Fremont. He took charge 
of this office September i, 1886, and 
served until March t, 1891, a period of 
four years and six months. In this office 
he took much interest, and devoted his 
entire energies in rendering an efficient 
and highly satisfactory service to the 
public. It was during his term and 
through his efforts that the free-delivery 
sj'stem was extended to this office, and 
put into very successful operation under 
his management and that of his son, Rob- 
ert B., who was his first-assistant post- 
master. On April 1, 1 891, he became asso- 
ciated with his son-in-law, Byron R. Dud- 
row, in the practice of the law in which 
he has since been engaged, and is senior 
member of the law firm of Meek, Dudrow 
& Worst. As a lawyer he is careful and 
painstaking in the preparation of his 
cases, and in their presentation he is clear 
in statement and forcible in argument. 
As an advocate he believes in his client, 
making his cause his own and serving him 
with a warmth and zeal which springs only 
from a conviction of the justness of his 
client's cause. 

Mr. Meek has been a member of the 
board of education since April, 1894, and 
also clerk of that body. As a member of 
this board he was influential in the re- 
organization of the high school in 1895, 
in creating the principalship, adopting 
new courses of study and supporting other 
measures tending to advance the interests 
of said schools, and establish therein 
methods of instruction both modern and 

practical. He was also active in making 
free Kindergartens a part of the public 
school system of the city, and is chairman 
of the standing committee on Kindergart- 
ens. Politically he has all his life been 
a Democrat, loyally supporting the meas- 
ures and candidates of his party, and 
cheerfully working for the promotion of 
its principles, serving on several occasions 
as chairman of the County Executive 
Committee, with acceptability to his party. 
He is a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, and has been such 
since 1857. Asa lover of truth and free- 
dom of thought and action, himself, he 
is not only resolute for what he believes 
to be the truth, but is tolerant of all who 
are seeking the same of whatever name 
or creed. 

son of Basil and Martha E. (An- 
derson) Meek, was born at Clyde, 
Sandusky Co., Ohio, January 14, 
1869. His paternal ancestry is given in 
the foregoing sketch of his father. On 
his niother's side he is of Scotch descent. 
The Andersons were Covenanters, and 
during the persecutions waged against 
their faith in Scotland they emigrated to 
the North of Ireland. From here David 
Anderson, the great ancestor of this fam- 
ily line, about the year 1 740, with a .col- 
ony of Scotch Presbyterians, who brought 
with them a minister and schoolmaster, 
came to this country and settled first in 
Massachusetts; later in Lawrence county, 
N. y. Among his children was a 
son named John, then a small boy, who 
here grew to manhood and married Eliz- 
abeth McCracken, who also was of this 
colony. John Anderson had five sons — 
David, Samuel, Joseph, James and John 
— all of whom were soldiers of the Revo- 
lutionary war, fighting for their country. 
James Anderson married Betsy Dodge, 
and several children were born to them. 



one being Alvin Anderson, who married 
Harriet Baldwin. 

Among tlie children of Alvin Ander- 
son was Martha E. Anderson, who mar- 
ried Basil Meek, and is the mother of the 
subject of this sketch, Robert B., who, 
when he was ten years old, moved with 
his parents to Fremont, Ohio, where he 
completed his elementary and high-school 
education. In 1887, while his father was 
postmaster at this place, he was appoint- 
ed first assistant,, and served as such until 
September, 1S90, rendering very efficient 
and satisfactory service to the public, 
among whom he was universally popular. 
During 1890-91 he pursued a scientific 
course at Adelbert College, Cleveland, 
Ohio, preparatory to entering upon the 
study of medicine. In 1891 he entered 
the Western Reserve Medical College at 
Cleveland, where he remained two years; 
then became a student in Wooster Medi- 
cal College, in that citj', taking his senior 
course therein, and graduating in the 
spring of 1894. During his three-years' 
course in the medical college he spent his 
vacations in the office of his able and 
skillful preceptor, William Caldwell, 
M. D., of Fremont. In the summer of 
1894 Dr. Meek opened an office in Fre- 
mont and entered upon the practice of 
his profession. In the spring of 1895 he 
was chosen one of the city physicians of 
the board of health. He is a member of 
the Northwestern Ohio Medical Associa- 
tion. In August, 1895, he went to Eu- 
rope to further pursue his medical educa- 
tion, and is now (1895) in Vienna, Aus- 
tria, where he is devoting his time to 
study in the clinics of the large hospitals, 
and in taking special courses under the 
instruction of eminent professors in that 
great medical center of the Old World. 
He e.xpects to return home during the 
summer of 1896, to resume his practice 
in Fremont, in which he was meeting 
with very flattering success when he gave 
it up, temporarily, to go abroad. 

Dr. Meek is a young man of fine 

natural abilities, and with his medical 
education received at home, and the rare 
opportunities he is now enjoying abroad 
for further equipment, it is safe to pre- 
dict for him a useful and a successful 
career in his chosen profession. 

ROBERT S. RICE, M. D., was 
born in Ohio county, Va. (now W. 
Va.), May 28, 1805, and died in 
Fremont, Ohio, August 5, 1875. 
At the age of ten he came to Ohio with 
his father's family, who located in Chilli- 
cothe, Ross county, the family in 1818 re- 
moving from that place to Marion county, 
and in 1827 our subject settled in Lower 
Sandusky. He worked at his trade as a 
potter until about the year 1847, when, 
having long employed his leisure hours 
in the study of medicine, he commenced 
practice. Although he labored under the 
disadvantages of limited educational op- 
portunities in his youth, and of not hav- 
ing received a regular course of medical 
instruction, his career as a physician was 
quite successful, and he numbered as his 
patrons many among the most respectable 
families in his town and county. 

Dr. Rice was a man of sound judg- 
ment, quick wit, fond of a joke, and sel- 
dom equaled as a mimic and story teller. 
He was a keen observer, and found 
amusement and instruction in his daily 
intercourse with men by perceiving many 
things that commonly pass unnoticed. 
His sympathies were constantly extended 
to all manner of suffering and oppressed 
people. He denounced human slavery, 
and from an early period acted politically 
with the opponents of that institution. 
He also opposed corporal punishment in 
schools, and favored the humane treat- 
ment of children. He was a member of 
the Methodist Protestant Church, and 
was deeply religious. In early years, 
when preachers were few in this then 
new country, he often exhorted and 
preached. His public spirit was shown 



on many occasions. He was colonel of 
the First Re,e;iment of Cavalry Militia or- 
ganized in Sandusky county, and also 
general of the first brigade. He assisted 
in running the line between Ohio and 
Michigan, near Toledo, Ohio, the dispute 
in regard to which led to the bloodless 
"Michigan war." He served several 
terms as justice of the peace, and one 
term as mayor of Lower Sandusky. 

On December 30, 1824, Dr. Robert 
S. Rice married, in Marion, Ohio, Miss 
Eliza Ann, daughter of William and Mary 
(Park) Caldwell, born near Chillicothe, 
Ohio, March 19, 1807, and who died at 
Fremont, Ohio, January 17, 1873. They 
liad seven sons and two daughters: The 
first two were sons who died in infancy; 
William A. was born in Fremont, Ohio, 
July 31, 1829; John B. was born June 23, 
1832; Sarah Jane, February 20, 1835; 
Robert H., December 20, 1837; Alfred 
H., September 23, 1840; Charles F., 
July 23, 1843; Emeline E., January 14, 
1S47. Of this family Sarah Jane died 
June 20, 1 84 1, and Emeline died Sep- 
tember 19, 1859. 

John B. Rice, M. D., was born in 
Fremont (then Lower Sandusky), Ohio, 
June 23, 1832, son of Robert S. and 
Eliza Ann (Caldwell) Rice. During his 
boyhood he attended the village schools, 
and learned the printer's trade in the 
office of the Snudnsky Comity Dcuiocrat, 
where he worked three years. After this 
.he spent two years in study at Oberlin 
College, subsequently taking up the study 
of medicine, and graduated from the 
Medical Department of the University of 
Michigan in 1857, soon after which he 
associated himself with his father in prac- 
tice at Fremont. In 1859 he further 
prosecuted his studies at Jefferson Medi- 
cal College, Philadelphia, and at Bellevue 
Hospital, New York City. On returning 
home he resumed his practice. 

On the breaking out of the Civil war 
Dr. Rice was appointed assistant surgeon 
of the Tenth O. V. I., and served with 

his regiment under the gallant Col. Lytle, 
through the early battles in West Virginia. 
On November 25, 1 861, he was promoted 
to surgeon, and assigned to his home regi- 
ment, the Seventy-second O. V. I., which 
first felt the shock of battle at Shiloh. 
Through the long years of the war Dr. 
Rice served with conspicuous bravery and 
devotion. He was, on different occasions, 
assigned to duty as surgeon-in-chief of 
Lauman's and Tuttle's Divisions of the 
Fifteenth Army Corps, and of the District 
of Memphis, when commanded by Gen. 
R. P. Buckland. To the members of 
the Seventy-second regiment and Buck- 
land's Brigade he was as a brother. None 
of the thousands of soldiers who came 
under his care can ever forget or cease to 
bless his memory. He was always cheer- 
ful, sympathetic, and watchful for the 
interests of his comrades. After the Re- 
bellion Dr. Rice returned to Fremont, 
and resumed the practice of his profes- 
sion. His skill in medicine and surgery 
was unsurpassed, his practice was large, 
and he was called in consultation all over 
this section of the State. There are few 
capital operations in surgery that he had 
not performed many times. Dr. Rice 
was a member of the county, district and 
State medical societies, and for several 
years lectured in the Charity Hospital 
Medical College, and the Medical Depart- 
ment of the University of Wooster, at 
Cleveland; his topics were military surg- 
ery, obstetrics, etc. He contributed ex- 
tensively to the medical journals of the 
country, and was everywhere recognized 
as one of the able men of his profession. 
He was one of the founders of the Trom- 
mer Extract of Malt Company, and was 
connected with other enterprises; he serv- 
ed on the city board of health, and was a 
member of the board of pension examiners; 
and he was ever ready, with his means 
and influence, to aid in any project for 
the prosperity and welfare of the com- 

In 18S0 Dr. Rice was nominated for 



Congress by the Republican party of the 
Tenth District, composed of the counties 
of Erie, Hancock, Huron, Sandusky and 
Seneca, and was elected by the handsome 
plurality of almost 1,400 votes. He 
served with ability in the XLVIIth Con- 
gress, receiving the commendations of his 
constituents and the esteem of his political 
associates of both parties, and was re- 
nominated for the XLVnith Congress, 
but declined the nomination, resuming 
the practice of his profession and the 
management of the Trommer Extract of 
Malt Works. 

In his demeanor Dr. Rice was simple 
and unostentatious. He was always the 
friend and defender of the poor, the weak 
and the oppressed. No one ever ap- 
proached him for charity and was sent 
away empty. No one ever sought his ad- 
vice in hours of trouble that did not receive 
full sympathy and generous counsel. No 
one has done more than he to aid worthy 
veterans in obtaining their hard-earned 
pensions, and for his services in their be- 
half he took no pay. Possessed of an 
attractive physical development, sound 
judgment and rare common sense, the 
versatility of his knowledge and the magic 
charm of his wit and humor made him 
the central figure around which all were 
delighted to gather. He always carried 
his good humor with him, and it became 
contagious. He was the master of the 
story-teller's art, and often left the mem- 
ory of a rollicking story, a hearty laugh 
or an appropriate joke to do its good work 
long after he had taken his departure on 
his daily rounds. The affection in which 
he was held by all tells the story of his 
life, and is that life's best eulogy, as the 
remembrance of it will be his most fitting 
epitaph. Dr. Rice was received into the 
communion of St. Paul's Episcopal 
Church; was a member of the Grand 
Army of the Republic, of the Loyal Le- 
gion and of the Masonic fraternity. He 
died January 14, 1893, and was buried in 
Oakwood cemetery. 

On December 12, 1861, Dr. Rice 
married Miss Sarah E., daughter of Dr. 
James W. and Nancy E. (Justice) Wil- 
son, of Fremont, Ohio, and the children 
born to this union were: Lizzie, born 
September 18, 1865, and Wilson, born 
July 2, 1875. 

Robert H. Rice, M. D., was born in 
Lower Sandusky (now Fremont), Ohio, 
December 20, 1837, a son of Dr. Robert 
S. and Eliza Ann (Caldwell) Rice. In 
his youth he attended the village schools, 
and was for several years employed as 
clerk in the store of O. L. Nims. He 
afterward attended school at Oberlin Col- 
lege about two years, and then com- 
menced the study of medicine with his 
father and brother, John. Later on he 
attended medical lectures in the Medical 
Department of the University of Michi- 
gan, and graduated from that institution 
in March, 1863, on his return to Fremont 
engaging in the practice of medicine with 
his father, his brother John being then 
in the army. He soon acquired a very 
extensive practice, which, later, in part- 
nership with his brother. Dr. John B. 
Rice, he prosecuted with untiring zeal, 
and he has been eminently successful in 
his profession. 

In 1872-73 Dr. Robert H. Rice, 
spent a year in Europe, during which 
time he traveled extensively over the con- 
tinent. Great Britain and Ireland, devot- 
ing some time, in the medical schools of 
Paris and Berlin, to the study of his 
profession. His knowledge of the Ger- 
man and French languages, which he had 
acquired by his own efforts, and for which 
he has a great fondness, enabled him to 
derive unusual pleasure and advantage 
from his travels abroad. On his return 
home he resumed his practice, and soon 
after entered into the establishment of 
the Trommer Extract of Malt Works at 
Fremont, Ohio. Being possessed of a 
kind, sympathetic and generous nature, he 
has won a high' place in the esteem of 
those with whom his professional rela- 



tions have brought him in contact. Dr. 
Rice has for some years taken considera- 
ble interest in agricultural pursuits, having 
greatly improved and reclaimed a large 
tract of land b}' means of a steam-pump 
apparatus used to remove surface water 
whenever required. He aided in the or- 
ganization of the Sandusk}' County Medi- 
cal Society, of which he has been secre- 
tary since its organization, and he is also 
a member of the Ohio State Medical So- 
ciety, and of the American Medical Asso- 
ciation. He has been a member of the 
Masonic Fraternity for nearly thirty years, 
and has repeatedly served as presiding 
officer of that body. Dr. Robert H. Rice 
was married June 14, 1865, to Miss Cyn- 
thia J. Fry, daughter of Henr\' and Abi- 
gail (Rideout) Fry, and their children are: 
Henry C, Anna and Ada. 

^^'ILLI.\M A. Rice was born in Lower 
Sandusky (now Fremont), Ohio, July 31, 
1829, a son of Dr. Robert S. and Eliza 
Ann (Caldwell) Rice, who were among 
the early pioneers of Sandusky county. 
Nearly all his life was spent in Fremont, 
Ohio, where he was widely known and 
universally respected. For twenty-five 
years he was one of the leading dry- 
goods merchants of that city, retiring 
from business in 1883. He was a member 
of the Protestant Methodist Church, an 
unostentatious and consistent Christian. 
Socially he was a member of Croghan 
Lodge L O. O. F., for thirty years, and 
a member of Frem.ont Lodge K. of H. 
He was a successful business man, a pub- 
lic-spirited citizen, a loving husband, 
father and friend. He died at Fremont, 
Ohio, April 24, 1893. On October 8, 
1858, William A. Rice married Miss 
Juliet M. Moore, of Ballville township, 
by whom he has four children, two of 
whom are deceased. A son. Dr. James 
M. Rice, lives with his mother on the 
farm homestead, and a daughter, Mrs. 
Hattie E. Bates, resides in Illinois. 

James M. Rice, M. D. , was born 
November 5, 1859, at Fremont, Ohio, 

a son of William A. and Juliet M. 
(Moore) Rice. His boyhood and youth 
were spent at the Fremont city schools, 
helping his father in his dry-goods store, 
or working with other hands on his 
father's farm near the city. In the years 
1879-80-81, he attended achool at the 
Adrian (Michigan) College, and, returning 
to Fremont, studied medicine with his 
uncle. Dr. J. B. Rice, about one year, 
after which he attended the Ohio Medical 
College, at Cincinnati, one year, and then 
took a course in the Medical Department 
of the University of Louisville, Ky., 
from which he graduated, March 13, 
1894. Shortly after this he opened an 
office for the practice of medicine, in the 
same room formerly occupied by Dr. J. 
B. Rice, opposite the City Hall, in Fre- 
mont, Ohio. 

LORENZO DICK, the popular ex- 
sheriff of Sandusky county, was 
born in Erie county, N. Y. , May 
15, 1838, a son of Jacob and 
Catharine (Vogel) Dick, who were natives 
of Lorraine, France, married there, and 
emigrated to America, locating in Erie 
county, N. Y., where the father died at 
the age of forty, and the mother when 
eighty years old. 

Our subject grew up in Erie county, 
N. Y. , and there learned the trade of 
cabinet-maker. In 1858 he removed to 
Fremont, Ohio, where he followed his 
trade for several years with success. At 
the outbreak of the Civil war he enlisted, 
at Fremont, Ohio, October 15, 1861, in 
Company H, Seventy-second Regiment, 
O. V. I. The regiment was assigned to 
the first brigade, first division. Fifteenth 
Army Corps. Mr. Dick was elected or- 
derly sergeant by the men of his company, 
November 18, 1861. He veteranized 
January i, 1864, at Germantown, Tenn., 
entering the same company as first lieu- 
tenant. He had been commissioned 
second lieutenant, April 6, 1862, at the 



battle of Shiloh, for meritorious conduct. 
He participated in the battles of Shiloh, 
siege of Corinth, Champion Hills, Jack- 
son, Black River, the siege of Vicksburg. 
and numerous other engagements. The 
first move of the regiment after veteran- 
izing was to Paducah, Ky. , where they 
drove out the enemy, and then to Mem- 
phis, Tenn. They soon after started on 
the Guntown expedition, and here they 
encountered the enemy, who had their 
lines drawn up in the shape of a horse- 
shoe, and into this trap the Union boys 
were led. Lieut. Dick and about thirty 
men of his company were taken prisoners, 
andwere first sent to Andersonville, whence 
Lieut. Dick was sent to Macon, Ga. , 
where he remained until the first of Sep- 
tember. While in prison, Mr. Dick was 
commissioned captain, but did not know 
of the promotion until he reached home. 
He was sent to Charleston, S. C, as 
prisoner, and placed in a building called 
the "Workhouse," which was under fire 
from the Union guns. At the end of three 
weeks he was sent to Columbia, S. C, 
thence to Raleigh, N. C. , thence to Wil- 
mington, N. C, thence to Annapolis, 
Md., where they were paroled and sent 
home on thirty days' furlough. Owing to 
severe exposure in the field and privations 
during his prison life, Mr. Dick contracted 
rheumatism and other physical disabili- 
ties. He was honorably discharged. May 
15, 1865. 

For some years past Mr. Dick has 
been engaged in the restaurant and grocery 
business in Fremont, receiving a liberal 
patronage. He was nominated for coun- 
ty sheriff by the regular Democratic cau- 
cus, and elected in 1889; served two 
terms, his last one expiring. January i, 
1894. At the spring election held on the 
first Monday in April, 1895, Mr. Dick 
was elected mayor of the city of Fremont, 
Ohio, which position he now holds. He 
is a member of the Eugene Rawson Post, 
No. 32, G. A. R. , of which he has re- 
cently been elected commander. He has 

for many years been a member of Fort 
Stephenson Lodge, F. & A. M., is a 
member of Humbolt Lodge, K. of H., 
and of the German Mutual Aid Society. 
At Fremont, Ohio, April 4, 1864, 
Lorenzo Dick married Miss Catharine 
Renchler, who was born in Germany, 
September 27, 1841, a daughter of John 
and Mary (Eisenhart) Renchler. The 
names and dates of birth of the children 
born to this union are as follows: Lo- 
renzo, Jr., January 9, 1865, died January 
24, 1873; Charles F. , October 25, i866, 
died at the age of twenty-seven years; 
Jacob, May 9, 1869; Katie, August 6, 
1872; George, March 4, 1876; Gertrude, 
December 12, 1882, died in infancy. 

GEORGE SLESSMAN, sheriff of 
Sandusky county, Ohio, was born 
June 27, 1853, in Adams town- 
ship, Seneca Co., Ohio, a son of 
John M. and Mary (Freymoth) Slessman, 
natives of Germany, who came to America 
when young, and after their marriage, 
which took place in Huron county, Ohio, 
settled on a farm in Seneca county, 
which they made their permanent resi- 

The father of our subject was born in 
1806. By trade he was a wagonmaker, 
but he followed farming in Seneca county, 
and died in 1862; the mother is still living 
on the old Slessman homestead, six miles 
south of Clyde. They were the parents 
of eight children, four of whom are living, 
namely: Barbara, deceased wife of Charles 
Drumm, a farmer of Erie county, Ohio, 
who had two children, one living, Lizzie, 
and one deceased; John, a farmer, who 
married Phyan Peters, of Seneca county, 
and had seven children; Catharine, who 
died in 1885, and who was the wife of 
Jacob Trott, a farmer of Seneca county, 
by whom she had five children; Mary, 
who married Samuel Swartz, a farmer 
of York township, Sandusky county; Mar- 
garet, who married Herman Baker, a 


farmer of Seneca count}', and had five 
children (he died in 1894); Samuel, who 
died in childhood; Henry, who died in 
childhood; and George, our subject. 

George Slessman grew to manhood on 
his father's farm, and attended the public 
schools. In 1S72 he married Miss Clara 
E. Whiteman, who was born October 16, 
1S52, a daughter of A. G. and Mary 
(Myers) Whiteman. h.. G. Whiteman 
was born in Ohio, August 25, 1808, and 
died February 8, 1869; his wife was born 
in Virginia February 8, 181 1, and died 
November 30, 1878. He was a Repub- 
lican, and they were both members of the 
Free-will Baptist Church. Our subject, 
after marriage, settled on the Slessman 
homestead, where he dealt in live stock 
for about nine years. He then moved 
upon a farm in Sandusky county, one mile 
south of Clyde, where he engaged in farm- 
ing, also buying and shipping live stock, 
and running a meat-market in Clyde, for 
about eight years. He then sold out and 
went into the grain business in Clyde, 
with which he is still connected. 

Mr. Slessman has for some years been 
recognized as one of the efficient men of 
the Republican party of Sandusky county. 
In November, 1893, he was elected to the 
office of sheriff of the county, on the Re- 
publican ticket, and entered upon the dis- 
charge of his official duties January 2, 
1894. He has an honorable standing in 
society circles, being a member of the 
Knights of Honor, Royal Arcanum and 
Knights of Pythias. In religious connec- 
tion he is a member of the Lutheran 
Church. To George and Clara Slessman 
were born children as follows: Lena, 
Allen, Martin, Frank, Mary, and two who 
died in childhood — Charlie and Leta. 

Among the honored pioneer citi- 
zens of Fremont, Sandusky coun- 
ty, the more prominent of whom 
find place in this volume, none enjoys to 

a greater extent the confidence and es- 
teem of the community at large than the 
gentleman whose name is here recorded. 
He is a native of Seneca county,. 
Ohio, born February 28, 1836, of Penn- 
sylvanian ancestry, proverbial for their 
healthy vigor and traditional probity and 
virtue. Daniel Loudensleger, his father, 
was of Union-county (Penn.) birth, where 
he was reared to manhood and married tO' 
a Miss Barger. In 1831 he and his young 
wife moved to Seneca county, Ohio, lo- 
cating in Flat Rock, Thompson town- 
ship, until 1844, in which year they came 
to Sandusky county, making a new home 
in York township, with by no means 
favorable prospects, having a large and 
helpless family of children to support. 
For several years Mr. Loudensleger main- 
tained them by renting farms, which he 
worked; but as the children grew up to 
usefulness, they prevailed on their father 
to purchase a farm (which he did), the 
boys promising to remain at home, and 
assist in the clearing up and improving of 
same — and it was in the performance of 
this duty that our subject learned his first 
lessons of industry and privation. Ac- 
cordingly, with the assistance of the sons, 
the father paid for and improved his 
farm, which, in 1863, he sold, removing 
then to Monroe county, Mich., where, on 
a farm, he passed the rest of his days, 
dying February 28, 1881. In his polit- 
ical sympathies he was a Jacksonian 
Democrat, and in religious faith he was 
an adherent of the Evangelical (formerly 
known as the Albright) Church. His 
wife, who was also of Pennslyvania birth, 
born in the same locality as he, passed 
from earth in Sandusky county, when the 
subject of these lines was a fourteen- 
year-old boy. They were the parents of 
ten children, of whom the following brief 
mention is given: Mary Ann married 
John Brand, and now lives in Columbia 
City, Ind. ; George is a farmer and stock 
raiser at Blue Hill, Neb. ; Edward is the 
subject of this sketch; Lovina married 




Daniel Wagner; William was a farmer 
until recent years, and is now in the prod- 
uce business at Rockwood, Mich. ; Ar- 
niinda married a Mr. Boyer, and is liv- 
ing near Delta, Ohio. ; Matilda died at 
the age of eighteen years; Franklin, a 
painter by occupation, resides in Churu- 
busco, Ind. ; two died in infancy. For 
some years after the death of the mother 
of these, and until after the marriage of 
his eldest daughter, Mr. Loudensleger re- 
mained a widower, and he then married 
a widow lady, Mrs. Wagner, by whom he 
had four children, viz.: Daniel, who lives 
on the old homestead in Michigan; Charles 
Wesley, who resides in the same lo- 
cality; Allen, a minister of the United 
Brethren Church, and living near his 
brothers; the youngest child died when 
five years old. 

The education of the subject proper 
of this article was limited to such as was 
acquired at the common schools of his 
boyhood, consisting of three months' at- 
tendance in the winter seasons, many of 
the scholars, our subject included, having 
to travel long distances through frozen 
swamps, and cross running streams by 
jumping from one chance-fallen tree to 
another; yet, notwithstanding all these 
difficulties and obstacles, the lad succeed- 
ed, by natural acumen and persistent 
study, in securing sufficient education to 
enable him to teach in the public schools 
of the county. As an illustration of his 
fidelitj' to his parents and home, it is 
worthy of record that the salary he earned 
during his first term of school he freely 
and filially handed over to his father. In 
1S48 Mr. Loudensleger saw Fremont for 
the first time, and he well remembers it 
as an essentially "wooden town," com- 
posed for the most part of small unpainted 
frame buildings; and little did he then 
dream that he would ever see the place 
in its present advanced condition, much 
less that he himself would play such an 
important part in its development and 
progress as the tide of time has proven. 

On November 23, 1861, he enlisted in 
Company A, Seventy-second Regiment 
O. V. I., which was attached to the army 
of the Tennessee, and the first battle he 
took part in was Shiloh, or Pittsburg 
Landing, April 6-7, 1862, after which the 
regiment participated in the siege of 
Corinth, and was then stationed at Mem- 
phis, Tenn., where it lay till the fall of 1862. 
It was then ordered to Vicksburg, but our 
subject, being invalided in the hospital, 
could not accompany it, and as a conse- 
quence was placed on detached duty in 
the Commissary Department, in which he 
served until mustered out of the arm}- at 
Columbus, Ohio, December 13, 1864, the 
term of his enlistment having expired. 

Mr. Loudensleger's domestic history, 
sad, it is true, in some particulars, has 
been strongly interwoven with his life, 
which has always been pacific in the ex- 
treme, and which has been made the 
more noble by many self-sacrifices. He 
has been thrice married: first time, in 
1856, to Miss Emma Bellows, a native of 
New York State, who died in 1859, the 
mother of one child, Frances E. , now 
the wife of Frank J. Tuttle, an attorney 
at law of Fremont, Ohio (she has two 
children: Howard and Florence). Mr. 
Loudensleger's second marriage, which 
occurred after his enlistment in the arm)", 
was with Mrs. Mary Jane Stevenson, /ur 
Stahl, who unfortunately was soon griev- 
ously stricken with consumption, and 
during her husband's absence with his 
regiment was well nigh at the point of 
death. Obtaining a furlough, Mr. Lou- 
densleger returned home and took his 
wife back with him to Memphis, Tenn., 
where she remained a couple of winters, 
her health thereby improving to such an 
e.xtent that she became a much stronger 
woman than she had been for several 
years. When her husband received his 
discharge they returned to Memphis, 
Tenn. , for the winter, then coming north 
to Fremont, and Mr. Loudensleger, hav- 
ing no special vocation, concluded to 



purchase a lot whereon to build a home, 
later to look around him for some suita- 
ble business in which to engage. The 
residence he built, and the good taste he 
exhibited in the beautifying of it, etc., 
attracted such general attention that he 
soon received many offers from bidders 
for the propert}- at advanced prices. Sell- 
ing this house and lot accordingly, he 
proceeded in the same way with a second 
and even third residence, before he moved 
into any as a permanent home for him- 
self and family; thus in this unexpected 
manner was laid the foundation of his 
future vast real-estate business in Fre- 
mont, where for years he has been recog- 
nized as one of the leading dealers and 
improvers of city property. The hand- 
some block which bears his name, erected 
in 1888, and situated in the business 
center of Fremont, is acknowledged to be 
one of the finest in the city, and he still 
owns and deals in a considerable amount 
of property. 

A short time after their return to Fre- 
mont from Memphis Mrs. Loudensleger's 
health again gave way, and Mr. Louden- 
sleger subsequently made many trips with 
her to the balmy South, sometimes at 
heavy expense, being absent from home 
and business entire seasons; but he never 
complained, and when his wife at last, 
in 1874, succumbed to the dread disease 
that clung so cruelly and tenaciously to 
her, he had left at the least the conscious- 
ness of having done for her all that lay 
in human power. He started anew, a 
poorer man than when he came home 
from tne war, and entered with renewed 
vigor and resolution into the insurance and 
real-estate businesses. His third wife, a 
sister to his second, was Mrs. Nina A. Mil- 
ler, who, by her first husband, had a son, 
Isaac T. Miller, whom Mr. Loudensleger 
reared as his own; he is now deputy 
postmaster under his stepfather, and mar- 
ried to Miss Libbie Setzler, by whom he 
has one child, William. By his present 
wife Mr. Loudensleger has one daughter. 

Nellie, who is in her seventeenth year, 
and now attending Lake Erie Seminary, 
at Painesville, Ohio. 

Mr. Loudensleger has filled many po- 
sitions of trust in his city, and is highly 
esteemed in business and social circles for 
his sound judgment and unquestioned in- 
tegrity. In 1875 he was chosen one of 
the trustees of Oakwood Cemetery, in 
1878 was elected secretary of same, and 
has served in that incumbency ever since. 
His associate trustees were Gen. R. B. 
Hayes, Stephen Buckland, C. R. McCul- 
loch and Dr. L. O. Rawson. In his polit- 
ical affiliations he has always been active- 
ly identified with the Republican party, 
and his influence therein has ever been 
felt for good. In 1880 he was elected a 
member of the city council, and in the 
second year of his term was chosen pres- 
ident of the same. At that time the 
mayor in office died, only one month of 
his term having expired, and the council 
chose Mr. Loudensleger to fill the vacant 
chair, into which he was accordingly in- 
stalled. He pursued the course repre- 
sented by the policy on which his prede- 
cessor had been elected, a policy known 
in the main as the " Law and Order" 
movement, and his administration was 
remarkable for the stand he took against 
the saloons, many of them being so ob- 
trusively open on Sundays that he issued 
a proclamation to the effect that all such 
establishments should be closed on the 
Sabbath. This proclamation was re- 
spected, and to all intents and purposes 
its requirements were complied with under 
Mr. Loudensleger's wise jurisdiction; but 
as soon as he retired from office some of 
the saloons were again thrown open. He 
also caused the city to be purged of all 
manner of "fakirs" ct hoc g-cniis oiiiiic, 
thereby protecting not only the merchants 
but the citizens in general. 

On September 19, 18S1, occurred the 
death of President James A. Garfield, the 
funeral on the 26th, and Mayor Louden- 
sleger issued the following proclamation: 



Concurring- with Hon. Charles Foster, Gov- 
ernor of Ohio, in his suggestions to the people 
of Ohio, and in view of the deep solemnity of 
the occasion , and as a most deserved and fitting 
act of respect to the memory of our lamented 
President, I would respectfully suggest to the 
citizens of Fremont that upon Monday, the 26th 
inst., all business pursuits be suspended, also 
that memorial services be held next Sunday in 
the city churches, and that the bells in the city 
be tolled during the last hour (11 to 12 o'clock) 
of the solemn funeral rites, on Monday. 

Of this the following acknowledge- 
ments were received from James G. 
Blaine, Secretary of State at the time; 
By telegram September 22, i88i, "To 
Hon. E. Loudensleger: In the name of 
the sorrowing family of our beloved 
President of the Government I tender 
heartfelt acknowledgements of your touch- 
ing tribute of the love and sorrow of the 
people of Fremont. — James G. Blaine, 
Sec'y of State." Also by letter dated 
Department of State, Washington, Octo- 
ber 13, 1881 : 

His Honor, E. L,oudensleger, 

Mayor of Fremont, Ohio: 

It affords me sincere, altiiough mournful, 
gratification to make feeling acknowledge- 
ment, in the name of the late President Gar- 
field's grief-stricken family, of the many 
heartfelt tributes of sorrow for our common 
loss, and of admiration for the high character 
of the revered dead, which come to them and 
the American Government and people in this 
hour of deep affliction from every part of the 
Union, and especially for the touching notifi- 
cation of the President's death, made by you 
to the citizens of Fremont on the 23d ultimo, a 
copy of which I have received. 

I have the honor to be, Sir, your obt. ser- 

James G. Bi,aine. 

In 1 888 Mr. Loudensleger was induced 
to allow himself to be nominated for the 
mayoralty by the "Law and Order" 
party, but at the primaries the opposition 
to that party proved too strong. To his 
position of postmaster, as, in fact, to all 
other of^ces he has held, he was appointed 
without an}' solicitation on his part, and 
he has filled same with characteristic 
ability and fidelity from 1891, the year of 
his appointment by President Harrison, 
to 1895, the affairs of the office never 

having been more satisfactorily conducted 
in the history of Fremont; and Mr. Lou- 
densleger ascribes much of the success of 
the department to his stepson, Isaac 
Tickner Miller, who, as already stated, 
was assistant postmaster under him. 

In religious faith our subject is an ad- 
herent of the Presbyterian Church, of 
which he is a trustee, having been elected 
to that office in 1867; and he has been an 
elder of the same for about ten years. 
He was a charter member of Eugene 
Rawson Post, G. A. R., and is now a 
member of Moore Post, of which he was 
also a charter member. He is the owner 
of one of the most attractive and pleasant 
residence properties in Fremont, adjoin- 
ing that of the family of the late President 

ANSON H. MILLER, banker, of 
Fremont, Sandusky county, was 
born at Hinsdale, N. H., May 2, 
1824. His father, John Miller, 
was a descendant of Nathan Douglas, 
whose property was destroyed by the 
burning of New London, Conn., by the 
British, during the Revolutionary war, 
and to whose heirs was granted a portion 
of the "Firelands," in New London 
township, Huron Co., Ohio. John Mil- 
ler, by inheritance and purchase, came 
into possession of a large tract of these 
"Firelands," and in 1825 he removed 
with his family to Norwalk, Ohio, set- 
tling on the lands in New London in 
1839. His children were Celemene, 
John, Anson H., Thomas D., and Eliza- 
beth D. — five in all — of whom John and 
Thomas D. are deceased. 

During the residence of the family in 
Norwalk Anson H. Miller attended the 
seminary at that place, and during the 
year 1845 continued his studies at Milan 
Academy. In 1847 he entered the em- 
ploy of Prague & Sherman, lumber deal- 
ers at New Orleans, remained there about 
fourteen months, and after his return in 



I S48 was engaged in farming on the New 
London lands until 1852, when he took a 
course of study in the Bryant, Lusk & 
Stratton Commercial College, at Cleve- 
land, after which he accepted a position as 
bookkeeper in the office of the treasurer 
(Dr. \\'illiam F. Kittrege) of the Toledo, 
Norwalk & Cleveland railroad, which he 
held about two years. In 1854 he was 
offered the position of cashier of the 
banking firm of Birchard & Otis, Fre- 
mont, Ohio, made vacant by the resigna- 
tion of Rev. F. S. White. He accepted 
the offer, and coming to Fremont August 
2, 1854, entered at once upon the duties 
of the position. Judge Otis, being about 
to move to Chicago, retired from the firm 
of Birchard & Otis, and on the first day 
of January, 1856, Mr. Miller became a 
partner with Mr. Birchard, under the 
firm name of Birchard, Miller & Co. One 
j-ear later Dr. James W. Wilson came 
into the bank as partner, the firm con- 
tinuing under the name of Birchard, 
Miller & Co. They occupied a small, 
one-story brick building on the east side 
of Front street, between Croghan and 
State, and the bank did a good business 
and prospered, without further change, 
until 1863, when it was merged into the 
First National Bank of Fremont, with a 
paid-up capital of $roo,ooo, and an au- 
thorized capital of $200,000. This bank 
was the fifth National bank organized in 
the United States. The articles of asso- 
ciation were signed by Sardis Birchard, 
James W. Wilson, Anson H. Miller, 
James Justice, R. W. B. McLellan, Jane 
E. Phelps, La Ouinio Rawson, Martin 
Bruner, Robert Smith, Abraham Neff and 
Augustus W. Luckey. The first board 
of directors was elected May 27, 1863, 
and consisted of Messrs. Birchard, Wil- 
son, Justice, Bruner, Smith, Luckey 
and Miller. The first officers of the 
board were Sardis Birchard, president; 
James W. Wilson, vice-president; and A. 
H. Miller, cashier. 

At the time the lAd bank wns merged 

into the First National, Mr. Miller, with 
the help of a young clerk, did all the 
routine work of the bank, which now re- 
quires six experienced men. The bank 
occupies the ground floor of its fine three- 
story block, with Amherst stone front, 
erected by the stockholders, on the south- 
west corner of Front and Croghan streets, 
Fremont. Mr. Miller still holds the po- 
sition of cashier. There were five pioneer 
National banks organized in 1863 in the 
United States, and Mr. Miller and Mor- 
ton McMichael, of the First National 
Bank of Philadelphia, are the only men 
still living who are occupying the same 
positions in the same banks that they did 
at the beginning. 

In March, 1854, Mr. Miller married 
Miss Nancy J. Otis, daughter of Joseph 
and Nancy B. Otis, of Berlin, Ohio, and 
children as follows came to their union: 
Mary O., born April 11, 1856, who was 
married October 3, 1894, to Samuel 
Brinkerhoff, an attorney at law, of Fre- 
mont, Ohio; Fannie B., born June 15, 
i860, who married Thomas J. Stilwell, 
and who died April 4, 1887; and Julia 
E., born March 27, 1865, who died 
March 2, 1SS4. 

WV. B. AMES, M. D., a practic- 
ing physician of Fremont, San- 
dusky county, was born in Hu- 
ron county, Ohio, in 1821, a 
son of Jason C. and Sarah Ann (Moore) 
Ames, the former born in New Haven, 
Conn. , the latter in New York. 

The parents of our subject each re- 
moved in pioneer days to Huron county, 
Ohio, where they were married, and 
where the father followed the trade of 
shoemaker in connection with farming. 
They had a family of seven children, of 
whom five are now living: W. V. B., 
our subject; Cynthia, wife of D. F. Web- 
ber, of Charlotte, Eaton Co. , Mich. ; 
Emeline, widow of Smith Bodine, of 
Charlotte, Eaton Co., Mich., who en- 



listed from Plymouth, Huron Co., Ohio, 
as a soldier in the Civil war, and died in 
Libby prison; George W. , who resides 
at Sacramento City, Cal. ; Angeline, 
widow of James Steele, of Charlotte, 
Mich., who died in 1893; Catharine, 
widow of Mr. Lewis Garsey, of Ukiah, 
Mendocino Co., Cal., and Edward, who 
resides at Ukiah, California. 

Dr. Ames was reared in Nev/ Haven 
township, Huron Co., Ohio, and was 
educated in the public schools of the 
Western Reserve. He began reading 
medicine in his native county, and com- 
menced practice at South Bend, Ind., 
where he remained from 1S45 to 1851. 
He then went bj' the overland route to 
California, locating in Yuba county, where 
he practiced medicine about four years, 
having been engaged in mining for some 
time prior to that. About the year 1855 he 
returned to Seneca county, Ohio, and 
thence, in 1858, moved to Fremont, 
where he has since been engaged in the 
practice of his profession. He was mar- 
ried, in Huron county, Ohio, to Miss 
Adaline Harrington, a native of that 
county, daughter of Benjamin and Betsey 
(Taylor) Harrington, who were early pio- 
neers of the Western Reserve, having 
come from the State of New York. The 
children of Dr. and Adaline Ames were: 
Elizabeth, wife of Evandor Dunning, of 
Eaton county, Mich. ; Alice, wife of 
Charles A. Norton, of Kansas City, Mo. ; 
William V. B., a dentist of Chicago, 111. ; 
and Rose, who resides at home. Mrs. 
Adaline Ames died May 30, i860, and 
Dr. Ames subsequentl)' wedded Miss 
Catharine Strohl, a native of Sandusky 
county, daughter of Peter Strohl (now de- 
ceased), who wasoneof the early pioneers 
of Ballville township, Sandusky Co., 
Ohio. The children by this marriage 
are: Nell, Jane, and Frank. Frank 
Ames married Miss Grace Ford, and lives 
in Sacramento, California. 

Dr. Ames is a Republican in politics, 
but not a partisan. He is one of the old- 

est and most successful medical prac- 
titioners of Fremont, having built up a 
widely extended and lucrative practice. 
He owns valuable interests in Fremont 
and vicinity, and a fine farm in California. 

JAMES JUSTICE, one of the early 
pioneers of Sandusky county, and 
for nearly fifty years one of the live 
business men of Lower Sandusky 
(now Fremont), was born in Bedford 
count}', Penn., August 18, 1794, a son of 
William and Eleanor (Umsted) Justice, 
the former of English, and the latter of 
German ancestry. 

At about the age of nine years our 
subject removed with his parents to Ross 
county, Ohio, near Chillicothe, where he 
received a limited rudimentary education. 
Here he worked for a time at the busi- 
ness of tanning hides, but discontinued it 
to volunteer, under Gen. William H. Har- 
rison, in the war of 1812. He was with 
Harrison at Fort Seneca, at the time of 
the battle of Fort Stephenson, August 2, 
18 1 3. After the war he resided at Chilli- 
cothe, and resumed tanning. About the 
year 181 7 he engaged in the flat-boat 
trade with New Orleans, by which the 
early settlers along the Ohio river found a 
market for their bacon, flour and whisky, 
in exchange for sugar and other groceries. 
In this trade he displaj'ed first-class finan- 
cial talents, and accumulated considerable 

On October 12, 1820, he married 
Miss Eliza Moore, daughter of David 
Moore, and sister to John and James 
Moore, two well-known citizens of Ball- 
ville, both millers and manufacturers, and 
both wealthy and enterprising men. 

In the month of September, iS22,Mr. 
Justice removed from Ross county to 
Sandusky county, and located at first in 
Ballville township. His manner of mov- 
ing was decidedly primitive, he placing 
his wife and child on horseback while he 
journeyed with them on foot. For a 



time after his arrival at Ballville he as- 
sisted his father-in-law in running his 
grist and saw mill at that place. In 1842 
he removed to Lower Sandusky, and 
erected a tannery on the north side of 
State street, at the foot of the hill on the 
west side of the river. With the tannery 
he connected the business of harness 
making and shoe making, managing only 
the tinancial department, leaving the 
manual labor to expert workmen whom 
he employed in the different shops. About 
the year 1847 he turned the business over 
to his son, Milton J. Justice, and gave 
his attention to investing and managing 
his capital. He made large gains by buy- 
ing and selling lands, sometimes on his 
own account, and sometimes in partner- 
ship with Rodolphus Dickinson and Sardis 
Birchard. He took a prominent part in 
the construction of the Tiffin and Fostoria 
plank roads. When the Wyandot res- 
ervation at Upper Sandusky was sold, 
and the Indians removed to the Far 
^^'est, Mr. Justice was selected by the 
Government as appraiser of the land, on 
account of his soundness of judgment in 
matters of value. 

Shortly after coming to Lower San- 
dusky Mr. Justice was chosen, by the 
legislature of Ohio, one of the associate 
judges of the Court of Common Pleas of 
Sandusky county, which office he filled 
with singular promptness and fidelity for 
a number of years, under the first consti- 
tution of the State. For a period of 
about ten \-ears he discharged gratuitously 
and efficiently the duties of a member of 
the board of education of the city of Fre- 
mont, acting most of the time as treas- 
urer. He was also mayor of the village 
for a term. In the summer of 1859 Mr. 
Justice was chosen one of the jurors in 
the U. S. Court at Cleveland, Ohio, in 
the famous " Wellington Rescue case," in 
which thirty-seven citizens of Oberlin and 
vicinity were prosecuted and imprisoned 
at Cleveland, Ohio, for recapturing and 
assisting to freedom a runaway slave 

named John Price, who had left his mas- 
ter in Kentucky to escape to Canada, and 
had been concealed at Oberlin, where he 
was discovered and kidnaped by the slave- 
hunters who were on the return to the 
South to restore him to his master. 

When the First National Bank of 
Fremont was organized, in 1863, Judge 
Justice placed some capital in the stock 
of that institution, and was one of the 
first board of directors; and he held this 
position by successive re-elections until 
his death. May 28, 1873. He left a large 
estate to his wife and children. 

In person Judge Justice was a man of 
impressive presence and strong magnetic 
power, of large size, weighing over two 
hundred pounds, with light hair and com- 
ple.xion, blue eyes, and full, round head 
and face. In business promptness and 
integrity no citizen surpassed him. His 
portraits, drawn by his son Milton with 
remarkable accuracy, may be seen at the 
First National Bank, and at Birchard Li- 
brar}', presented by his children. 

The wife of Judge Justice was born in 
Huntingdon county, Penn., October 13, 
1800. At the age of fourteen years she 
came with her parents to Ross county, 
Ohio. Her father, David Moore, was of 
full Scotch blood; her mother was born in 
Pennsylvania. The child Nancy, which 
she brought with her on horseback, is now 
the wife of Dr. James W. Wilson, presi- 
dent of the First National Bank of Fre- 
mont. Their way was through an almost 
unbroken wilderness, and on their arrival 
here they lived for a time in a fisherman's 
shanty until their own log cabin was fin- 
ished. Their means were scanty, and for 
nine months she never saw the face of 
another white woman — only Indians, and 
many of them intoxicated. Her fireplace 
was a wall of stones in one corner of the 
shanty, above which was an opening in 
the roof for the escape of smoke. If the 
rain put out the fire she would go to the 
home of the nearest neighbor, a mile and 
a quarter away, to get live coals to re- 



kindle it. Among her cooking utensils 
was a Dutch-oven, an iron shallow kettle, 
with an iron lid or cover, in which all her 
baking was done by setting the kettle 
over coals and piling coals and hot ashes 
on the cover. 

Mrs. Justice survived her husband 
until October 17, 1876, when she died at 
the advanced age of seventy-six years. 
Their children were: Nancy E. Wilson 
(wife of Dr. James W. Wilson), Minerva 
E. (relict of Hon. Homer Everett), and 
Mrs. S. Eliza Failing (relict of Dr. John 
W. Failing), all now residing in Fremont; 
Milton J. Justice, a resident of Lucas 
county, Ohio, and Granville M., who died 
at Lower Sandusky at the age of sixteen 
years. The old Justice homestead is 
still occupied by Mrs. Everett and Mrs. 
Failing, who cherish the memory of their 
parents, and preserve with scrupulous 
care the old-time family relics, consisting 
of household furniture and pioneer-day 

was born May 27, 1837, at Fre- 
mont, Ohio, a son of William 
and Jane A. (Davis) Caldwell, 
who were among the early pioneers of 
Sandusky and Ottawa counties. 

Dr. Caldwell spent his early life in 
securing a liberal education, and in teach- 
ing school. He next attended Oberlin 
College several years, and acquired his 
medical knowledge in the Medical De- 
partment of the University of Michi- 
gan, in Charity Hospital Medical Col- 
lege, and in Bellevue Hospital Medical 
College, New York, being admitted to 
practice in 1862. He was assistant sur- 
geon of the Seventy-second Regiment 
O. V. I., and served from April, 1863, 
until January 4, 1865. After the war he 
located in Michigan for the practice of his 
profession, in June, 1880, taking up his 
residence in Fremont, Ohio, where he has 
since met with flattering success. He 

has been a member of the Board of 
United States Examiners for Pensions, is 
ex-president of the Northwestern Ohio 
Medical Society, vice-president of the 
Ohio State Medical Society, and a mem- 
ber of the American Medical Association, 
as well as the National Association of 
Railroad Surgeons. He has also for a 
number of years been a liberal contributor 
to several medical periodicals. His en- 
terprise is not confined to his profession 
alone, for he takes a deep interest in the 
municipal affairs of his native city. So- 
cially he is a member of the Masonic 

On January 15, 1868, Dr. Caldwell 
was married, at Byron, Mich., to Miss 
Arilla Cook, who was born March 15, 
1848, daughter of Horace L. and Eliza- 
beth Cook. Their children were; Bessie 
C, born November 10, 1869, died August 
12, 1870; Maud, born January 23, 1873, 
who, after attending the Fremont City 
schools, entered upon a liberal course of 
study in the University of Michigan; and 
Robert L. , born October 21, 1881. 

William Caldwell was born De- 
cember 23, 1808, near Chillicothe, Ohio. 
His father was a soldier in the war of 
1812, and was at Detroit when Gen. 
Hull surrendered his army to the British. 
In 1828 the family removed to Port Clin- 
ton, and four years later William Cald- 
well came to Fremont (then Lower San- 
dusky). On August 14, 1836, he married 
Jane A. Davis, and they resided at Fre- 
mont until 1850, when Mr. Caldwell 
went to California, remaining in that 
State three years, and on his return set- 
tling in Elmore, Ottawa county. At El- 
more he served for eighteen consecutive 
years as justice of the peace, and was 
also township treasurer and a member of 
the village council for a portion of the 
time. In 1881 Mr. Caldwell was elected 
probate judge of Ottawa county, and 
moved to Port Clinton; he was re-elected 
in 1884. 

On August 14, 1886, Judge and Mrs. 



Caldwell celebrated their golden wedding 
anniversary at the home of their son, Dr. 
William Caldwell, at Fremont, Ohio, 
which was attended by many distinguished 
guests from Fremont and Port Clinton, 
and at which they were the recipients of 
many beautiful and valuable presents, 
among which was a valuable gold watch 
for the Judge from the courthouse offi- 
cials of Ottawa county. At the expira- 
tion of his term of office Judge Caldwell 
and his wife moved to Fremont, purchas- 
ing the " Dryfoos House," on South 
Front street, where, on September 9, 
1890, the worthy couple, after a happy 
married life of more than fifty-four years, 
were separated by the death of Mrs. Cald- 
well. They were the parents of four 
children, all born at Fremont, of whom, 
Charles died in 1852 at the age of thir- 
teen; Robert. H. became a member of 
the Twenty-first O. V. I., and was killed 
at the battle of Stone River, at the age of 
twentj^-two; and Dr. William and Miss 
Juliet Cladwell are still living in Fremont, 
Ohio. Judge William Caldwell died at his 
home No. 415 South Front street, Fre- 
mont, on May 14, 1892. 

The subject of this biographical 
sketch is a prominent attorney of 
Fremont, Ohio, and on November 
5, 1895, was elected one of the common 
pleas judges of the Fourth Judicial Dis- 
trict of Ohio, comprising the counties of 
Eric, Huron, Lucas, Ottawa and San- 

He is a son of the late Gen. Ralph P. 
Buckland. and was born in Fremont, 
Ohio, April 21, 1851. His education was 
gained in the public schools of his native 
city, the preparatory school at Gambier, 
Ohio, a like school at East Hampton, 
Mass., Cornell University, and the Law 
Department of Harvard College. He 
supplemented his school studies by read- 
ing and practicing with his father, until 

August 16, 1875, when he was admitted 
to the bar. Shortly afterward father arid 
son formed a partnership, continuing their 
practice in the office which the latter still 
occupies in the Buckland block, corner of 
State and- Front streets. George Buck- 
land, a brother of the Judge, was also a 
member of the firm from June i, 1886, 
until May 9, 1892, when he withdrew, 
and moved to Cincinnati, Ohio. After 
the death of the General, which occurred 
May 27, 1892, H. S. Buckland became 
his father's successor, and on October 
19, 1892, he formed a partnership 
with Mr. D. B. Love, which still 
continues. Judge Buckland's practice 
has been general and successful. His 
knowledge of the law, his sound judicial 
mind, and his fairness and integrity at the 
bar and as referee have been universally 
admired, and his decisions have generally 
been upheld. 

Judge Buckland is engaged in various 
enterprises. He is president of the 
Wickland Mnfg. Co., a director of the 
H. B. Smith Building and Loan Associa- 
tion, and is also interested in other indus- 
tries. Upon the death of Gen. R. B. Hayes 
he was chosen his successor as a director 
of the Birchard Library Association. He 
is an enterprising citizen, always ready 
with his means and influence to aid in the 
general growth and prosperity of his city 
and county. In 1884 he organized the 
Buckland Guards, a local volunteer mili- 
tary organization, which has attained a 
national reputation. It was named in 
honor of his cousin, Chester A. Buckland, 
a young man who died during the Civil 
war from wounds received at the battle of 
Shiloh. Our subject remained captain of 
the same until 1891, when he was elected 
colonel of the First Regiment S. of V. 
Guards. In 1893 he was elected com- 
mandant of the S. of V. Guards of the U. 
S. A., with the rank of general, and as 
such had several thousand men, fully 
armed and equipped at their own expense, 
and well drilled, under his command. 

/vW-^<^£_ xf yQ,^ e.yL^<:i^^t^c^—^ 



Upon his election as commandant his 
regiment would not accept his resignation, 
but gave him indelinite leave of absence; 
and at the close of 1894 he resigned as 
commandant of the Guards and returned 
to the regiment. In 1894, while serving 
as commandant of the Guards, he held 
two field encampments, one at Daven- 
port, Iowa, and the other at Pittsburg, 
Penn., in connection with the G. A. R. 
encampment. At the former he planned 
one of the finest sham battles ever at- 
tempted, in which the Guards, members 
of the G. A. R. , and other militar}' organ- 
izations, participated. His regiment has 
encamped in various places, viz. : Wash- 
ington, D. C., in 1892; Columbus, Ohio, in 
1893; and Pittsburg, Penn., in 1894. It is 
needless to say that the interest he has 
taken in military affairs has given him a 
wide acquaintance, and added greatly to 
his popularity. Col. Buckland is also a 
member of the Masonic Fraternity, the 
Sons of the American Revolution, and the 
Military Order of the Loyal Legion. 

During the Judicial Convention at 
Sandusky, Ohio, July 25 and 26, 1895, 
Col. Buckland was unanimously nomi- 
nated for Common Pleas Judge on the 
147th ballot. The convention was re- 
markable in many respects, and marks an 
epoch in the political history of the dis- 
trict. The Sandusky Register, in speak- 
ing of the nomination, says: "The name 
of Col. Horace S. Buckland was present- 
ed to the Republican Judicial Convention 
by Dr. Frank Creager, of Fremont, in 
the following eloquent address: 

Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen of the Con- 
vention: One of the most notable features in 
politics — one, certainly, which attracts more 
than anything- else the attention of the people 
— is the prominent position to which the young' 
men have climbed during- the political progress 
of the New World. 

From the first formation of society he has 
invariably been a distinctive feature, the prime 
factor in the world's history: and surely the 
destiny of the republic was never so thoroughly 
and systematically cemented, with such a fra- 
ternal bond of loyalty encircling the globe, 
binding man to man, and brother to brother, as 

it is to-daj' by the young men of the present 
generation. Everywhere we see the results of 
his ambition and energy. We find him all 
along the pathway of perpetual progress. We 
find him upon the avenues of life, buckling on 
the armor and fighting the jiolitical battles of 
his country. We find him in the halls of Con- 
gress. We find him everywhere carrying aloft, 
proudly and triumphantU', that banner of 
beauty and glory, with its magnificent embla- 
zonry of stars and stripes — the escutcheon of 
free States — the emblem of the Republican 
party. No victory intoxicates him: no defeat 
dismaj's him: but with integrity too deeply 
rooted to be shaken by the vicissitudes of fate 
he treads the path of life unfalteringly, still 
laboring for the success of the party he so hon- 
orably represents. 

With such an impulse, with such a frater- 
nal feeling, we come before this convention 
to-day with the name of one who was born, 
reared and educated within the sacred folds of 
our country's banner. It is with pleasure, then, 
that I present the name of Horace S. Buckland. 
Perhaps it would be best to take the finger of 
time and move it backward over the dial of hu- 
man progress and see where it stops. We will 
find among other things that he is a young 
man, a gentleman in the fullest sense of the 
term, and that to know him personally is to 
love him dearly. We will find that he belongs 
to the Republican party as the lighthouse does 
to the mariner who steers his bark by its stead- 
fast raj's. We will find that he is earnest, in- 
telligent, and commands respect in every posi- 
tion in which he may be placed, particularly so 
in the common walks of life. Place him where 
you will, his fitness and fidelity will manifest 
themselves, and his true worth will win ever- 
lasting favor. You will find that this is the 
first time he has asked the people for their suf- 
frage, and were it not for the urgent solicita- 
tion of his friends you would not have heard of 
him being a candidate. Yes, gentlemen of the 
convention, you will find that he is ever true to 
his friends, self-sacrificing, not courting popu- 
larity, but seeking proficiency and good re- 

During the late war, although too young to 
enlist, he even lan away to do so, and were it 
not for the timelj' discovery might have sealed 
his youthful life in active service, or else been 
a veteran of the army to-dav. But with loyalty 
too deeply rooted to be shaken by the dissuasion 
of friends, he still persevered, until at Mem- 
phis, Tenn., when he was taken into service by 
the musicians of the camp, marching at the 
head of the old Seventj'-second, proudly victori- 
ous over his youth. Let it be remembered, 
now, that the old Seventy-second was his 
father's regiment, and as a mother's love goes 
oiit to her first-born, who has come to her '• "raid 
suffering and pain," so the few survivors of 
that dear old regiment revere the name of Gen. 
Buckland, whose honored remains lie sleeping 
beneath the silent clods of Oak Wood Cemetery, 
that beautiful city of the dead, where the wild 



■winds chant liis requiem, and where the vir- 
tues of his life of liberty and service will for- 
ever live in the hearts of his comrades. * * 

Such, then, is the national character and 
standing- of our candidate. A true American, 
readj- to serve his country at a moment's no- 
tice.' A g-entleman capable of surrounding- 
himself with the truest, the bravest and the 
most honored guests the world has ever known; 
and whose every act and purpose are those of 
an ideal citizen. It is needless to say that he 
enjoys a large and lucrative practice, being 
educated at one of the best law schools in the 
country, and is perfectly familiar with the 
lower and higher courts. In his profession he 
is modest and just. His actions at the bar, and 
his conduct and decisions as referee, have gen- 
erally been upheld. His fitness and ability 
have" also been universally approved by his as- 
sociates. One of the most fitting- testimonials 
that could possibly be offered, one, certainly, 
that commends itself to this convention, was 
the universal endorsement of the non-partisan 
meeting: of the bar, which was held in the city 
of Fremont but a few weeks ago. when he was 
so magnanimouslj' recommended as a person 
particularly fitted for Common Pleas Judge. 
No higher compliment was ever paid so young 
a practitioner. It marks a page in the judicial 
history of the country. Men who have grown 
gray in active practice, his fellow associates 
in the temple of justice, his brother practition- 
ers at the bar — Democrats and Republicans 
alike— irrespective of party or politics, not 
only asked, but actually demanded of this con- 
vention the nomination of Col. Buckland. 
Nay, more; knowing the principles of economj', 
and the urgent appeal of tax-payers, said that 
it would be the saving- of thousands of dollars to 
this judicial district by placing him on the bench. 

With such a compliment, with such an en- 
dorsement, and in the very face of the brazen 
effrontery of power and wealth, he buckled on 
the armor and entered the race. It is unneces- 
sary to recapitulate the glorious achievements 
of that campaign. The people have spoken. 
The farmer left the harvest and attended the 
caucus. The merchant closed his store and 
went to the polls, and to-day we lay the tro- 
phies of his victory at your feet. -* * •'■ 

The Toledo (Ohio) Bhuh- says that 
"Col. Buckland deserves all the kind 
things said of him by his neighbors. The 
situation is truly remarkable. All the 
prominent Democratic attorneys of Fre- 
mont have the highest regard for him as a 
lawyer and a man, and openly express 
themselves as willing for the Democratic 
Judicial Convention to endorse him. They 
also recommended him at the time of the 
non-partisan meeting of the bar as a per- 
son particularly fitted for the bench." 


The Fremont Journa / sa.ys: 
Several hundred citizens of all political 
parties welcomed Col. Buckland and the San- 
dusky county delegates, whose fidelity for him 
won the day, on their return from Sandusky at 
6:30 Friday evening. Music and cheers and 
congratulations greeted them as they left the 
train. Then the crowd, headed by the Light 
Guard band, escorted the Colonel to his resi- 
dence on Birchard avenue. Here he was in- 
troduced by Mr. H. R. Shomo and made a short 
address, thanking his friends for their cordial 
reception, and for the support he had received 
in the contest for the nomination, and saying 
if elected he would try to perform the duties of 
the responsible position of Judge of Common 
Pleas Court to the best of his ability. His re- 
marks were modest and in good taste. The 
reception, which was entirely impromptu, was 
a surprise to Col. Buckland, and is an evidence 
of the high esteem in which he is held by the 
people of our city. 

At the general election in Ohio, held 
on the 5th day of November, A. D., 1895, 
Horace S. Buckland was elected judge by 
nearly 8,000 majority, that being the 
largest majority ever given to any candi- 
date in the district, carrying his native 
city and county, though Democratic, and, 
in fact, carrying- every county in the dis- 
trict but Ottawa. He succeeds Judge 
John L. Greene, and will take office May 
9, 1895. 

Judge Horace S. Buckland was mar- 
ried June 10, 1878, to Elizabeth Bau- 
man. He is one of a family of seven 
children, three of whom are living, the 
other two being George, a graduate of 
Cincinnati Law School, and Mrs. Charles 
Dillon, residing on Buckland avenue, 
Fremont, Ohio. The mother still sur- 

JAMES W. WILSON, M. D., of Fre- 
mont, Sandusky county, was born 
in New Berlin, Union Co., Penn., 
February i, 1816. His grandfather 
James Wilson, of old New England stock, 
about the year 1791 went from Connecti- 
cut to eastern Pennsylvania, where he 
married. His father, Samuel Wilson, 
only son of James Wilson, was born 



in Schuylkill county, Penn. November 
-5. ^791- He was married to Miss 
Sarah Mauck, a native of Pennsylva- 
vania, at New Berlin, and resided there, 
a much-esteemed and successful mer- 
chant, until his death, November 3, 1855. 
His wife, the mother of the subject of 
this sketch, died May 31, 1872, aged 
eighty-four years. 

Our subject chose the profession of 
medicine, and made his preparatory 
studies under the direction of Dr. Joseph 
R. Lotz, of New Berlin. He subsequent- 
ly attended lectures at Jefferson Medical 
College, Philadelphia, where he gradua- 
ted in March, 1837, in November of the 
same year commencing the practice of 
medicine in Center county, Penn. He 
came to Ohio in June, 1839, in company 
with Dr. Thomas Stilwell, and settled in 
Lower Sandusky (now Fremont), July 
24, 1839. That part of northwestern 
Ohio in which he embarked in his pro- 
fessional career was a comparatively un- 
settled country. A few pioneers, living 
mostly in log houses erected by their own 
hands, had made but a beginning of the 
long and laborious task of clearing the 
land and fitting it for cultivation. The 
soil was indeed of unsurpassed richness; 
but before it could be subdued and brought 
to the condition of fertility now seen on 
every hand, it was necessary that a whole 
generation of hardy men and women 
should wear out their lives in incessant 
toil. It was a country of sluggish streams 
and stagnant swamps, and consequently 
was a sickly country. 

It is difficult to imagine the arduous 
character of the labors of the country 
physician engaged in general practice fifty 
years ago. He was able to prove suc- 
cessful only under the conditions that he 
possessed unusual powers of endurance, 
thorough devotion to the duties of his 
calling, self-reliance and true courage. 
Dr. Wilson was successful. During the 
years he was engaged in the practice of 
his profession he ranked among the most 

successful physicians in this section of the 
State. He was distinguished for prompt- 
itude and faithful punctuality in fulfilling 
engagements. The urbanity of his man- 
ner made him ever welcome to the bed- 
side of the suffering. His intelligence 
and manly deportment won general con- 
fidence. His acknowledged skill, and 
the painstaking care with which he in- 
vestigated the cases submitted to his 
judgment, commanded the respect and 
regard of his fellow practitioners. It is 
probable that no physician outside of the 
large cities of Ohio has ever enjoyed a 
larger practice or performed more arduous 
labor in meeting its requirements. 

In consequence of severe exposure 
while attending to this large practice, in 
January, 1858, he suffered from a severe 
attack of pneumonia, from the effects of 
which he has never completely recovered; 
nor has he since devoted himself to the 
practice of medicine. He has, however, 
retained a lively interest in the progress 
of medical science, and whatever pertains 
to the welfare of his chosen profession. 
He is president of the Sandusky County 
Medical Society, and a member of the 
Ohio State Medical Society. During the 
war of the Rebellion, in August, 1862, he 
was appointed, by Governor Tod, surgeon 
for Sandusky county to examine appli- 
cants for exemption from draft. In 1858 
he was elected treasurer of the Sandusky 
County Bible Society, which trust he 
kept until 1868, when he was chosen 
president of said society. This position 
he has retained to the present date, mak- 
ing thirty-seven years of faithful and con- 
tinuous service. He has also for a num- 
ber of years been president of the San- 
dusky County Pioneer and Historical So- 
ciety, in which he takes a deep interest; 
and he has been president of the Birch- 
ard Library Association since the death 
of ex-President R. B. Hayes, whom he 
succeeded in that office. 

On May 25, 1841, Dr. Wilson was 
married to Miss Nancy E. Justice, daugh- 



ter of Judge James Justice, one of the 
early settlers of Lower Sandusky, and for 
a long period a director of the First Na- 
tional Bank of Fremont, Ohio. They 
have four children — two sons and two 
daughters: Charles G., the eldest son, a 
graduate of Kenyon College and Harvard 
Law School, now of the law firm of Pratt 
& Wilson, of Toledo; married Nellie, 
daughter of I. E. Amsden, of Fremont, 
Ohio. The younger son, James W. , is 
connected with the First National Bank 
of Fremont, with his father. The eldest 
daughter, Sarah W., is the widow of Hon. 
J. B. Rice, of Fremont, Ohio. The 
youngest daughter is the wife of Charles 
F. Rice, of New York City. 

In 1 8 57 Dr. Wilson became a partner 
in the banking house of Birchard, Miller 
& Co. In September, 1863, the bank 
was merged into the First National Bank 
of Fremont, with Mr. Sardis Birchard as 
president and Dr. James W. Wilson as 
vice-president. On January 27, 1874, 
after the death of Mr. Birchard, Dr. Wil- 
son was elected president, which position 
he still (July, 1895) holds. Dr. Wilson 
was one of the charter members of the 
Fremont Savings Bank Company, which 
was organized in 1882, under the State 
laws of Ohio. He was elected a director 
and president, and has held these posi- 
tions continuously up to the present time. 
Thus has Dr. Wilson, through a long 
period, borne important relations to the 
principal financial institutionsof Fremont. 
He is a conservative banker, and yet a 
popular one, ever ready to respond to the 
demands of the business public, and 
watchful that the affairs of the bank shall 
be conducted in accordance with those 
sound business principles which alone as- 
sure success and safety. He has wit- 
nessed with deep satisfaction the growth 
of Fremont, and the remarkable develop- 
ment of the surrounding country. It is 
not overstating the facts to say that he 
has never been lacking in public spirit of 
the commendable kind, and that he has 

been a liberal contributor toward the vari- 
ous enterprises which have had for their 
object the promotion of the prosperity of 
the community. 

Dr. Wilson is fond of reading, and it 
has long been his habit to devote most of 
his leisure hours to favorite books, peri- 
odicals and the current news. He loves 
to mingle with his fellow citizens and join 
in pleasant conversation. He is a man of 
conservative views, but liberal and toler- 
ant. He freely accords to others that 
liberty of opinion which he desires for 
himself. He is firm in his religious belief, 
and his daily life is consistent with his 
convictions. He is a thorough believer in 
the doctrines ef Christianity, and that the 
highest welfare of humanity can be at- 
tained only through obedience to the pre- 
cepts of Jesus Christ. For forty-five years 
he has been a member of St. Paul's Prot- 
estant Episcopal Church, its senior war- 
den for more than forty years, and he is a 
regular attendant upon its services, and 
a liberal contributor toward its support 
and its charities. 

born in January, 181 5, in Buffalo 
Valley, Union Co., Penn., five or 
six miles west of Lewisburg. His 
father, Joseph Stilwell, for more than half 
a century an honored citizen of that coun- 
ty, died in 1S51, aged seventy-four years. 
His mother, Anna Stilwell, died eleven 
years later, aged eighty-four years. 

When Thomas was a child his parents 
removed to New Berlin, the county seat 
of Union county, where he continued to 
reside — with the e.xception of such time as 
he was absent at school — until he left to 
make the West his future home. After 
a full academic course at Milton, Penn., 
under the tuition of Rev. David Kirk- 
patrick, a distinguished teacher in that 
section of the State, and a brief course of 
selected studies at La Fayette College, 
Eastoii, Penn., he entered upon the study 




of medicine with Dr. Joseph R. Lotz, at 
New Berlin, and graduated at Jefferson 
Medical College, Philadelphia, Penn., in 
March, 1839, the same year locating at 
Lower Sandusky, Ohio. In 1842 he was 
married to Miss Jerusha A. Boughton. of 
Canfield, Mahoning (then Trumbull) Co., 
Ohio, and the children born to this union, 
five in number, are: Charles B., residing 
at Watertown, N. Y. ; Thomas J., at St. 
Louis, Mo. ; Charlotte E. , married to 
John T. Lanman, living at New London, 
Conn. ; Mary, married to W. T. Jordan, 
of Louisville, K}'. ; and Anna M., at home 
with her parents. 

Dr. Stilwell has alwa3'S occupied a 
place in the front ranks of his profession. 
For several years he was vice president 
of the Sandusky County Medical Society, 
and for many years a member of the 
State Medical Society. He was among 
the first appointed pension examining 
surgeons (Februar}', 1S63), holding that 
position until he resigned, in 1879. To 
his letter of resignation the Commissioner 
of Pensions replied in very complimentary 
terms, expressing regret for its having 
been tendered. He was afterward elected 
one of the censors of the Medical Depart- 
ment of Western Reserve University, 
Cleveland, having held the same position 
in Charity Hospital Medical College, 
afterward known as the Medical Depart- 
ment of Wooster University. Dr. Stil- 
well has been a member of the Presby- 
terian Church during the whole of his 
mature life, and has for many years been 
an elder. 

The following account of some of the 
Doctor's experiences was furnished by him 
for Williams' History of Sandusky Coun- 
ty, from which we take it: "Drs. Wilson 
and Stilwell grew up together in close 
companionship in their Pennsylvania 
town, were fellow students in Dr. Lotz' 
office, graduating at the same college, 
and formed the purpose, while yet office 
students, to migrate to the West together. 
Accordingly, on the 13th of June, 1839, 

in a two-horse covered carriage, purpose- 
ly constructed, with ample room for 
themselves and baggage, which included 
a small stock of books and instruments, 
they left their home for a Western pros- 
pecting tour, with the design, if no loca- 
tion to their liking offered sooner, of going 
on to Illinois, at that day the 'Far West.' 
Traveling leisurely, they stopped long 
enough at each important town on the 
way to ascertain what inducement it could 
offer two adventurous young men who 
were in the pursuit of bread and fame. 
Calling on their professional brethren, 
both as a matter of courtesy and interest, 
the pleasure of their journey was much 
increased thereby. In this way they 
reached Lower Sandusky (Fremont). 
Spending a few days visiting friends, who, 
a few years before, on coming West, set- 
tled in the neighborhood of Lower San- 
dusky, they continued on to Perrysburgand 
Maumee. Here they saw what had often 
been the exciting theme of their children — 
a tribe of Indians, the Ottawas, who were 
encamped on the flats opposite Maumee, 
preparatory to their being removed to 
their new hunting grounds west of the 
Mississippi, assigned them by the Govern- 

' ' Finding the roadsimpassable for their 
carriage, the travelers returned to Lower 
Sandusky, and turned south. At Tiffin 
they met Dr. Dresbach, of lasting reputa- 
tion in that locality for his genial manner 
and his ability as a physician and surgeon. 
Advised by him, they decided to remain 
at Lower Sandusky, to which they re- 
turned, and put up at Corbin's (later the 
' Kessler House,' now the Wheeling rail- 
road depot), it being then the 24th day of 
July, 1839. A week subsequently, on 
the 2nd of August, the citizens of San- 
dusky and neighboring counties celebrated 
the anniversary of Croghan's victory by 
barbecuing an ox on the commons, now 
the courthouse park, Eleutheros Cook, 
of Sandusky city, delivering an oration 
from the porch of the low frame dwelling 



house erected a few years before b}' 
Jaques Hulburd, standing in the middle 
of Fort Stephenson, and which, a few 
years ago, was removed from the grounds 
when they became the property of the 
city and Birchard Librarj' by purchase. 
The breastworks of the fort were, at that 
dav, still conspicuous. 

" Within a few days after their arrival 
both were taken sick with fever. Occu- 
pying beds at the hotel in the same out-of- 
the-way room, they were left pretty much 
to themselves, to acquire experience as 
patient, nurse and doctor, all at the same 
time and at their leisure. A new settler 
had a good deal to learn about sickness, 
and but few lacked opportunities for ac- 
quiring knowledge by personal experience. 
A notable fact connected with the history 
of the hotel that season is remembered by 
living participants, namely: That at one 
time for a few days not a woman remained 
in the house — filled as it was with guests 
and borders, of whom many were sick — ex- 
cept the landlord's wife, and she, too, down 
with the fever. The women help had all 
gone home sick. It was very hard to obtain 
others. A colored man — a steamboat 
cook — with man help for general house- 
work, supplied their place. 

"The sickness that season being very 
general all over the town and country, 
before either had so far recovered as to 
be able to do more than leave their room, 
they were importuned to visit the sick, 
and were compelled to comply long before 
they were fit for service. They secured 
for an office a little one-story frame struc- 
ture, which stood where Buckland's 
Block now stands, at the corner of Front 
and State streets. It was an unpreten- 
tious building, belonging to Capt. Morris 
Tyler. Their neighbors on the south 
were Morris & John Tyler, merchants, 
whose store occupied one-half of a low 
two-story frame house, of very moderate 
dimensions, but for size and appearance 
one of the noted mercantile establish- 
ments of the town. To the north they 

were in close proximity to Gen. R. P. 
Buckland's law office, of about the same 
size as their own, and in no way superior 
to theirs, excepting that it was a shade 
whiter from having probably had two 
coats of paint, while theirs had but one, 
and that one almost washed off by the 
northeasters which swept its front, unob- 
structed, as now, by three-story blocks, 
on the opposite sides of the street. This 
office at one time narrowly escaped de- 
struction: A cannon fired at the intersec- 
tion of State and Front streets, on the 
occasion of a jollification in 1842 over 
the election of Wilson Shannon as Gov- 
ernor of Ohio, burst, sending its butt end 
through the north side of Gen. Buck- 
land's office, and but for its wise discrim- 
ination in the interest of humanity it 
would have gone through the north side 
of the doctors' office as well. 

"The 'doctor's ride,' in that day, 
meant twelve or fifteen miles in all direc- 
tions, and on horseback, mostly through 
woods on newly cut-out roads, often 
paths for some part of the way. He 
found his patients in the scattered cabins 
in which the farmers of Sandusky county 
then lived. During the continuance of 
their partnership, and until Dr. Wilson's 
health became impaired by a severe at- 
tack of sickness from exposure, as noted 
in his personal biography on a preceding 
page, they so arranged their business that 
their attendance upon patients was by al- 
ternate visits, making thus an equal division 
of the labor. He who went on the east- 
ern round to-day would go on the western 
to-morrow. The ' sickly season' — mean- 
ing from about the middle of July to the 
middle of October — was a phrase very 
familiar in those times, happily not appli- 
cable to this day, for the State may be 
challenged to name, within her bounds, 
a county now healthier than this same 
Sandusky. The change has been wrought 
partly by clearing up the land, but mostly 
by constructing ditches to carry off the 
water that overspread the surface. Dur- 



ing the sickly season the pressure on 
their time was such as to enable them to 
make the round only once in two days. 
Oftentimes each passed over the other's 
route before they met in their office — not 
seeing each other for days — the necessary 
communications being made on a large 
slate kept in the office for that purpose. 
The story of the daily ride, extending far 
into the night, oftentimes with fog above 
and mud below, the weariness of body 
and limb, the loss of sleep, the burden of 
thought — all this now sounds like e.xagger- 
ation, but to those who underwent it all it 
is a well-remembered and now wondered- 
at reality. Their contemporarj' physi- 
cians were equally hard pressed. 

"In the season of which this is writ- 
ten, in the cabins visited, which some- 
times meant every cabin on the road 
traveled, it was very exceptional to find 
but one of a family sick. To find three 
or four was commonly the case. Not 
infrequently the whole family were pa- 
tients, and this with no outside help, 
sometimes not procurable even in times 
of dire necessity. While extreme cases 
could not fairly be given as the general 
experience, yet this class after all consti- 
tuted a large proportion of the whole. 
An enumeration would include cases of 
scanty house-room, of lack of supplies, 
of distance from neighbors, of remote- 
ness from physicians, of absence of help, 
of the number down in a family, of ne- 
glected ones, of work undone, of fields, 
such as they were, unprepared for seed. 
These, in their varied forms, composed a 
large list. In making the rounds one 
day he whose circuit included a cabin to be 
visited which had recently been erected in 
a small clearing, a half acre or so, in a dense 
woods, south of where Hessville now 
stands, and reached by passing through 
David Berry's lane and then along a path 
which led to the opening — found, upon 
entering, the man of the house lying up- 
on a bed in one corner of the room, in a 
burning fever; the woman in another 

part of the room sitting upon the edge of 
an extemporized bed, with a face flushed 
with fever, and wild with excitement, 
leaning over a cradle in which lay their 
little child in spasms, it too having the 
fever. Quickly enquiring of the woman 
for the water-bucket, he was told that it 
was empty, that their well had just been 
dug, and was unwalled and uncovered; 
the only way they had to get water was 
to climb down a ladder that stood in the 
well and dip it up, which neither had 
been able to do that day, and no one com- 
ing to the house, they had no water. Pro- 
curing water from the well, he remained; 
till the child was relieved of the spasms, 
when, having dispensed the medicines ne- 
cessary, he departed, telling them to ex- 
pect someone in soon, as the result of his 
efforts to get somebody, if possible, from 
the first house he reached on the way. 
"The fevers of this country had pe- 
culiarities which for years have ceased to 
be observed, and which were the condi- 
tions exciting anxiety in the mind of the 
doctor as well as in the friends of the sick. 
Intermittent fever, one of the forms very 
common, was sometimes with chills, 
sometimes without, as now, and was man- 
ageable enough unless, as not infrequently 
was the case, it assumed a malignant 
type, known in the books as congestive 
chill, or pernicious intermittent. With 
the best that could be done, the cases 
were often fatal, many times for want of 
care at the critical perod. But more 
marked was the condition which attend- 
ed the latter stage of bilious remittent 
fever, the other form of miasmatic fever; 
generally prevalent in the latter part of 
summer and in the autumn months. 
Whether it run a short or a long course, 
whether of high or low grade, it usu- 
ally terminated with a sweat and ex- 
treme exhaustion. A 'sinking spell,' as 
it was commonly called, was frequently 
its dreaded sequence, and the danger to 
life at the time imminent. A failure on the 
part of the attendants then to keep up the 



circulation — by rubbing the surface, by 
applying warmth to the extremities, by 
spreading plenty of cover over the bed, 
and by administering stimulants freely, 
with liberal doses of quinine — was sure to 
seal the fate of the patient. Many died 
in this way. A representative case oc- 
curred in a small frame house of two 
rooms, which stood on what was then 
open common (now the corner of Croghan 
and Wood streets), occupied by a man 
and his family of the name of Tyler, 
strangers, no relatives of the Tyler family 
resident here. He was a stone mason, 
and came to work at the courthouse, the 
building of which had just been com- 
menced. He and his wife were taken 
sick with the fever. No one could be 
found to take the constant charge of them. 
The neighbors, sparsely settled then in 
that part of the town, as they could be 
spared from home, went in, one now, and 
another then, and did what they could, 
but withal the care was far from what 
their condition required. The fever of 
the husband yielded first; instructions had 
been left as to what was to be done when 
the crisis came, which during the day gave 
signs of its near approach. The doctors, 
both having reached their office on their 
return from the country at the same time 
— about 12 o'clock at night — upon being 
informed that a messenger had just been 
down for them from the Tylers, went to 
the house to find the patient cold and 
pulseless, no appliances, no stimulants 
having been used as directed, and he died. 
They had the wife removed to a neigh- 
bor's house. When the crisis came to 
her — the breaking up of the fever in the 
manner described — she had the necessary 
care and lived. 

"And here it should be remarked 
that whatever allusions may have been 
made in this or any other sketch of years 
ago, to hardshijj suffered for want of help 
in times of sickness, it was never refused 
when it could be given. To the extent 
of the ability to give it, no neighbor with- 

held it. The brotherly spirit displayed at 
such times made itself proverbial, and 
could the deeds to which it prompted be 
written they would form a grand chapter 
in the history of Sandusky county." 

BURGOON. The ancestry, from 
whom are descended the Burgoon 
families of Sandusky and other 
counties of Ohio, was John Bur- 
geon, who served in the French army, 
and about the year 1740 emigrated from 
Alsace, France (now in Germany), to 
America. Here he married and had a 
family of seven children: Charles, Robert, 
Peter, Jacob, Francis, John, and Honore, 
the only daughter. Of these Peter be- 
came a Methodist minister; Honore mar- 
ried Ulrich Sate, and removed to Penn- 
sylvania, but the six sons all came to Ohio 
in an early day, and their descendants are 
found in Perry, Muskingum and Morgan 
counties. The father of this family died 
at his home in Frederick (now Carroll) 
county, Md. , and his remains rest in the 
St. John's Catholic Cemetery at West- 
minster, he being of that faith. The 
mother was of the Protestant faith. 

Francis Burgoon, son of John Bur- 
goon, the immigrant, and Elizabeth, his 
wife, was born in Frederick county, Md., 
where he married Miss Elizabeth Low, a 
lady of English descent. In 1824 they 
moved to Perry county, Ohio, in company 
with a colony of nineteen other families 
from the same neighborhood, all related 
to each other. They both died in Perry 
county, and their remains rest in St. 
Joseph Catholic Cemetery, two miles 
southeast of Somerset. Their children 
were: David, Mary, Jacob, Theresa, 
William, Rachel, Peter, Edith and Sarah. 
Of this family, the 3-oungest died in child- 
hood, and was buried at Taneytown, Md. ; 
David moved to Knox county, Ohio, 
where his descendants still reside; Mary 
married Joshua Coe, and their descend- 






ants are to be found in Licking count}', 
Ohio; Jacob's descendants live in the vi- 
cinity of Somerset, Perry Co., Ohio; 
Theresa's descendants are found in Ver- 
million county, Ind. ; the descendants of 
William live in Carroll county, Md. ; 
Rachel married Basil Coe, and lived in the 
the vicinity of Fremont, Ohio; Edith 
married David Engler, and lived in San- 
dusky county, and was one of the earliest 
pioneers of the county. 

Peter Burgoon, son of Francis and 
Elizabeth Burgoon, was born in Frederick 
county, Md., near Westminster, July 
13, 1800. His educational advantages 
were limited, and for a trade he learned 
that of a stone mason. On October 18, 
1821, he married Miss Margaret Fluegel, 
at Littlestown, Penn. , a daughter of John 
and Margaret (Hahn) Fluegel, who lived 
near W^estminster, Md. John Fluegel was 
a son of Vallen Fluegel, an emigrant from 
Germany, who had settled on a large 
farm near Westminster. Margaret E. 
(Hahn), his wife, was a daughter of An- 
drew Hahn. The names and dates of 
birth of the children of John and Mar- 
garet Fluegel are as follows: Elizabeth, 
February 6, 1791; John, July 25, 1793; 
Polly F. , January 19, 1795; Samuel, 
August 18, 1796; George, July 23, 1798; 
Margaret, July 18, 1801; Henry, October 
22, 1802; Daniel, June 25, 1804; Sarah, 
June 3, 1806; Simon, June 9, 1808; Ben- 
jamin, September 23, 1809; and Levi, 
November 29, 181 1, who is still (1895) 
living. John Fluegel, the father of this 
family, served in the Revolutionary army 
as fife-major; he died at the age of eighty- 
three, his wife Margaret at the age of 
seventy-three, and their remains are buried 
in Baust's churchyard, near Uniontown, 
Md. Of the above named children of 
John and Margaret Fluegel, Elizabeth 
married Cornelius Baust, and lived in 
Uniontown, Md. ; Polly married Jacob 
Miller, and lived in Jay county, Ind.; 
Margaret married Peter Burgoon, and 
they became the parents of our subject; 

Sarah married Peter Shriner, and lived 
near Union Mills, Md. Three of the 
sons — Henry, Simon and Benjamin — be- 
came ministers of the Gospel. The 
average age of all these sons and daugh- 
ters was upward of eighty years. Levi 
Fluegel, now in his eighty-third year, is 
living at Frizellburg, Md. In religious 
faith the family originally belonged to the 
Reformed and Lutheran Churches, but 
later most pi them became members of 
the Church of God. 

Peter Burgoon, the father of our sub- 
ject, came west from Maryland in 1S24, 
first locating in Somerset, Perry Co., 
Ohio, where he worked at his trade about 
two years; then removed to Licking coun- 
ty, and there staid one year. In October, 
1829, he came to Sandusky county, Ohio, 
and settled in the forest of the Black 
Swamp, on the bank of the Little Mud 
creek, about four miles northwest of 
Lower Sandusky (now Fremont). Sev- 
eral tribes of Indians were living here 
then, and the woods were teeming with 
wild animals. The Burgoon family had 
no white neighbors nearer than two miles 
distant, with the exception of Mrs. Rachel 
Coe, who had settled on an adjoining 
farm. Here Mr. Burgoon built a log 
cabin, and began to clear up the land 
with all the energy of a man of pluck, 
resolution and perseverance. Being 
possessed of sound practical common ' 
sense, he was often consulted by his 
neighbors on matters of business. In 
connection with farming he worked at his 
trade about twelve years, and was em- 
ployed on the residence of Dr. L. Q. 
Rawson, which was the second brick 
edifice erected in Sandusky county. With 
many of the business interests of the coun- 
ty he became identified, and he held 
various offices of honor and trust. In 
politics he was originally an ardent Demo- 
crat, but during the Civil war he was a 
firm supporter of the U. S. Government, 
and from that time forward he affiliated 
with the Republican party. He was 



possessed of robust health, a strong physi- 
cal constitution and an iron will, and by 
his many sterling traits of manly charac- 
ter he gained and held an honorable 
place among the pioneers of Sandusky 
county. He died March 17, 1S79, and 
was buried with Masonic honors; his wife 
passed away June 8, 1871, a member of 
the Reformed Church. Their remains 
rest in the Lutheran and Reformed Ceme- 
tery, four miles west of Frempnt. Their 
children were named as follows: William, 
Washington, Miranda, Upton, Elizabeth, 
Margaret, Romanus, David, Isadore H., 
Mary and Malinda. Of these, William 
Washington died July 21, 1846, aged 
twenty-four years; Miranda married N. 
R. Tucker, a farmer of near Fremont, 
Ohio; Upton married Nancy A. Kerr, 
April 8, 1848; Elizabeth died October 4, 
1835, aged six years; Margaret married 
Solomon Albert, July 4, 1852; Romanus 
married Mary Taylor, April 12, 1858 (he 
died January 14, i860); David married 
Cynthia Skinner, May i, 1863; Isadore 
H. married Eliza Ann Chapman, October 
19, 1865; Mary married August Baumer, 
September 18, 1862; Malinda married O. 
R. Smith, April 6. 1869. 

Major I. H. Burgoon, railroad man- 
ager, Fremont, Sandusky county, was 
born in Sandusky township, Sandusky 
Co., Ohio., January 25, 1839, ^ son of 
Peter and Margaret (Fluegel) Burgoon, 
who at that time were living on a 200- 
acre farm about four miles north of Lower 
Sandusky (now Fremont), Ohio. He 
spent his early life on his father's farm, 
and received a liberal education at the 
common schools of the district. In the 
fall of 1858 he commenced teaching a 
country school, and in the fall of the fol- 
lowing year he attended Oberlin College 
three months, after which he taught 
another term of winterschool in the coun- 
try. On September 10, i860, became to 
Fremont and took the position of office 
boy and clerk for Dr. L. Q.Raw.son, presi- 
dent of the P'remont & Indiana railroad. 

He remained in the service of that road 
eighteen years, as follows: From 1861 to 
1864 he was clerk in the president's office, 
and freight and ticket agent; 1864 to 1865, 
conductor; 1865 to 1866, train master; 
1866 to 1867, assistant superintendent; 
1868 to 1872, superintendent; 1872 to 
1875, general superintendent; 1875 to 
1878, receiver; 1878 to 1879, general 
superintendent of the Lake Erie & Louis- 
ville railroad, after the sale and reorgani- 
zation; October, 1879 to 1881, general 
superintendent Toledo, Delphos & Bur- 
lington railroad; August i, 1881, to 
1883, general manager of the Ohio Con- 
struction Company; 1881 to 1885, gen- 
eral manager Cleveland, Delphos & St. 
Louis railroad; May, 1881, to 1885, gen- 
eral manager, secretary and treasurer, of 
the Cleveland, Delphos & Western Tele- 
graph Company, and general manager of 
the Cleveland, Delphos & St. Louis rail- 
road; May, 1885, to June 30, 1886, general 
agent of the Indiana, Bloomington & 
Western railroad ; July i, 1886, to IDecem- 
ber3i, 1890, receiver and general man- 
ager of the Bellaire, Zanesville & Cincin- 
nati railroad; September I, 1889, to Octo- 
ber, 1 892, general manager and treasurer of 
the Terre Haute & Peoria railroad. When 
the Terre Haute & Peoria railroad was 
leased to the Terre Haute & Indianapolis, 
he was made superintendent of the Peoria 
division, serving as such from October, 
1892, to October, 1893. In January, 1894, 
he accepted the position of general super- 
intendent of the Findlay, Fort Wayne 
c& Western railroad, under a receiver. 
Upon the sale and transfer of this prop- 
erty, Mr. Burgoon was called to Salt 
Lake City, Utah, on August 15, 1894, 
and was appointed general superintendent 
and general freight and passenger agent 
of the Utah Central railway, his head- 
quarters being at Salt Lake City, where 
he is at present, though retaining his resi- 
dence at Fremont, Ohio, having here 
many business and social interests. Dur- 
ing all his management of these roads he 



made a clean record. By his enterprise, 
prudence, economy and integrity he secured 
the good will and best wishes of all par- 
ties concerned. He received many flat- 
tering testimonials from his superior offi- 
cers, and from those who had confided 
their interests to his care, of which the 
following may serve as a sample: After 
having acted as receiver of the Lake Erie 
& Louisville railwa)', about three years, 
Mr. Burgoon filed in the court of com- 
mon pleas, of Sandusky county, his final 
report and the account of his doings and 
dealings in the management of the road, 
of which he had full charge as receiver, 
under direction of the court, and his re- 
port and accounts were confirmed not 
only without a question but by consent of 
counsel on both sides, and he was highly 
complimented for his management of the 
affairs of the road, as is shown by the 
order of confirmation which follows: 

And this Court, having' examined the said 
final account and report, and found the same 
in all respects in accordance with law and the 
order of the Court, and that the said receiver 
has duly paid and delivered all money, credits 
and property of every kind which came into his 
possession or control, by virtue of his ap- 
pointment and office in accordance with the 
order and direction of the Court, and has in 
all respects well and truly and faithfully dis- 
charg'ed all his duties as such receiver, it 
is hereby ordered that the said final report 
and account be and the same is hereby ap- 
proved and confirmed, and the said Isadore 
H. Burffoon discharged from all further account- 
abilitj' as such receiver. And he is especially 
commended for the ability and faithfulness 
with which he has discharged the arduous 
duties of his office. 


Attorneys for Lake Erie «fe Louisville Railway 

Otis, Adams & Russeli., 
Attorneys for plaintiffs, the trustees. 

On May 2, 1864, Mr. Burgoon entered 
the military service of his country, as 
private in Company F, One Hundred and 
Sixty-ninth Regiment, O. N. G. I. He 
served with his regiment at Fort Ethan 
Allen, Virginia, a term of four months, 
and was promoted to the rank of sergeant- 

major, a position he held until the expir- 
ation of his term of service, September 4, 
1864, having earned a record for promo- 
tion in the discharge of his duties. He 
wrote many interesting letters to his 
home papers during his time of service. 

Mr. Burgoon has for many years been 
an active member of the Sandusky Coun- 
ty Pioneer and Historical Society, of 
which he is still vice-president and secre- 
tary, and has been one of the leading 
spirits in making the annual reunion 
pioneer picnics a success. He takes a 
laudable interest in ail public affairs in 
the city of Fremont, but has never been 
a political office seeker. He was raised a 
Democrat, and cast his first vote for 
Stephen A. Douglas, for president, since 
which time he has been a Republican. 
He has been a member of the Masonic 
Fraternity since 1862, and has taken all 
the degrees in the York Rite, and the 
Scottish Rite to the 32d degree. He is 
a member of the Eugene Rawson Post, 
G. A. R. , at Fremont, Ohio, and has al- 
ways taken an interest in the welfare of 
the soldiers. Since the year 1888 he has 
been president of the One Hundred and 
Si.xty-ninth, O. V. I. Regimental Asso- 

On October 19, 1865, I. H. Burgoon 
was married at Fremont, Ohio, to Miss 
Eliza A. Chapman, who was born Feb- 
ruary 10, 1844, at Marion, Ohio, a 
daughter of Joseph and Dorinda (Ayers) 
Chapman, and their children were: J. 
Chapman Burgoon, born August 10, 1874, 
died September 19, 1874; and Charles 
Paine Burgoon, born May 25, 1878. A 
lasting honor was fittingly and worthily 
bestowed on Mr. Burgoon, when, on No- 
vember 18, 1873, the citizens of the new 
town, established at the crossing of the 
Lake Erie & Louisville and the Toledo, Tif- 
fin & Eastern railroads, in Jackson town- 
ship, Sandusky county, concurred in ask- 
ing the Post Office Department to name 
the new post office "Burgoon" after Mr. 
L H. Burgoon, whose uniform courtesy 



as an official of the Lake Erie & Louis- 
ville railroad had won for him the best 
wishes of the people of that community. 

and co-proprietor of the Demo- 
cratic Messenger, Fremont, San- 
dusky county, was born in Seneca 
county, Ohio, November i6, 1838, a son 
of William and Anna Mary (Creager) 

William Lamberson was born at Eas- 
ton, Penn., March 23, 181 3, and came 
with his parents to Ohio in 1830, locating 
in the forests of Seneca county, where he 
helped to clear up a farm. In politics he 
was a radical Democrat. He married, 
January 4, 1838, and died January 15, 
1882. Ann Mary Lamberson was born 
in Montgomery county, Ohio, June 12, 
181 5, and died February 6, 1887, and 
died a member of the Reformed Church, 
in which faith she was reared. Their 
children were: (i) Sharon C, our sub- 
ject; (2) Eunice A., wife of John Huston, 
living near Dayton, Ohio; (3) Virgil D., 
a veteran of the Civil war, living at Tiffin, 
Ohio; (4) Janett C, widow of Victor J. 
Zahm, and one of the proprietors of 
the Democratic Messenger; (5) Her- 
schel W., a farmer, living at Ha- 
vana, Huron Co., Ohio; (6) Curtis 
M. , who lives in Wamego, Kans. ; (7) 
Dewitt C, who died August, 1875; (8) 
M. Marcena, a maiden lady, living at 
Tiffin, Ohio. Daniel Lamberson, our 
subject's paternal grandfather, was born 
near Easton, Penn., served in the war of 
18 1 2, became a pioneer settler of Seneca 
county, Ohio, and died at a good old age. 
Our subject's maternal grandparents came 
from Maryland, and settled near Dayton, 
Ohio. Both of S. C. Lamberson's parents 
were of German descent. 

Our subject was reared on a farm, and 
after receiving a common-school educa- 
tion in Seneca county took a course of 
study at Heidelberg University, Tiffin, 

Ohio, from which institution he graduated 
in 1859, with the first honor of his class. 
He followed school teaching and farm- 
ing, alternating these occupations until 
1S73, when he engaged in the mer- 
cantile business at Tiffin for two years. 
He then became connected with the coun- 
ty auditor's office at Tiffin, for six years. 
On April 7, 1885, in partnership with his 
brother-in-law, V. J. Zahm, he purchased 
the Democratic Messenger, the organ of 
the Sandusky county Democracy. His 
partner died in August of the same year, 
and Mr. Lamberson has continued to 
conduct the paper since that time. Polit- 
ically, he is a Jeffersonian Democrat, 
and socially, has been a member of 
Seneca Lodge, No. 35, I. O. O. F., 
about thirty years. On April 18, 1887, 
he was married, at Tiffin, Ohio, to Miss 
Johanna C. Zahm, who . was born in 
Buffalo, N.Y., November 30, 1838. Mrs. 
Lamberson's parents were born in Ger- 
many and came to America, her father in 
1832, her mother in 1833. 

Fremont, Sandusky county, one 
of the oldest living practitioners 
in the State of Ohio, was born at 
Detroit, Mich., August 26, 18 14. 

The Beaugrand family is of French 
origin, the grandfather of Dr. Beaugrand, 
John Baptiste Beaugrand, having emi- 
grated from Bordeaux, France, to Canada 
about the year 1760. But little of his 
life's history has been preserved; but it is 
believed that he was a merchant, and 
spent his life in barter with the Indians. 
Dr. P. Beaugrand is a son of John B. 
and Margaret (Chabert) Beaugrand, the 
father born in Three Rivers, Canada, in 
1768. He grew to manhood there, and 
at the age of twenty-one migrated to 
Detroit, Mich., where he engaged in busi- 
ness as an Indian trader with good suc- 
cess until during the war of 1812, when 
he was burned out by the Indians. He 



removed with his family to Fremont (then 
Lower Sandusky), Ohio, settHng here 
during the first week of January, 1823; 
he had spent the previous year here as a 
trader. The mother of our subject was 
born in Detroit, Mich., February 26, 
1 78 1, and died May 12, 1859, at Fremont, 

The family consisted of ten children: 
(i)Margaret, who married Rodolphus 
Dickinson, a brilliant young lawyer, who 
came to Lower Sandusky from the East 
shortly after the Beaugraud family took 
up their residence there; afterward was 
member of Congress, and died during his 
second term in Congress, in 1849. (2) 
Julia, who married B. F. Fletcher, who 
died in 1849, just after his election for the 
second term to the office of county re- 
corder. (3) Sophia, who married La 
Quinio Rawson, a physician who became 
very eminent in his profession, and died 
in 1888. (4) Isidore D., at one time 
sheriff of Sandusky county. (5) JohnB., 
who was a sailor and a captain on the 
lakes; he was strong and athletic, and of 
a venturesome spirit; in 1846 he was pre- 
sented by the mayor of Cleveland with a 
stand of colors for safely bringing into 
that port, during a severe storm, his boat, 
having on board a large number of passen- 
gers. (6) Peter, the subject of our 
sketch. (7) James, born in Detroit, died 
at Fremont at the age of three years. 
(8) Richard, who was also a sailor on the 
lakes, enlisted, and died during the Civil 
war. (9) Helen M., who married M. S. 
Castle, an attorney at law, of Cleveland, 
Ohio, where she resided until her death 
in 1890. (10) James A., who has always 
been engaged in clerical work, is now liv- 
ing in Racine, Wis. , and is deputy clerk 
of courts at that place; he and the Doctor 
are the only survivors of the family. 

Dr. P. Beaugrand is a man much 
respected in Fremont and vicinity, both 
as a skillful physician, and a gentleman of 
culture. He has been a student of the 
most ardent type during a long and busy 

life, and is remarkable for his intellectual 
talents and his genial, kindly disposition. 
His profession has been to him as his 
bride, for he has led none other to the al- 
tar. Quick in perception, broad and 
charitable in his sympathies, with a mem- 
ory that has never failed, and an integ- 
rity that has never wavered. Dr. Beau- 
grand possesses the essential qualities of 
a successful physician; and if implicit 
faith in a man by a whole community is 
of any solace to him, as he descends the 
western slope of life, the Doctor should 
be one of the most contented of mortals. 
He has also been a favorite in literary cir- 
cles, there being few important facts of 
history or science with which he is not 

In 1823, Dr. Beaugrandcame with his 
parents to Fremont. He recollects dis- 
tinctly the trip from Detroit to Lower 
Sandusky on the ice on Lake Erie, and 
the incidents that occurred on the way, 
one of which was the breaking of the ice, 
by which the parties in the sleigh all got 
wet, and how they all made for the shore, 
and built a huge fire by which to dry 
themselves. He is still able to point out 
the very spot at which they came ashore 
to make the remainder of the trip over- 
land. Dr. Beaugrand attended the com- 
mon schools here, and at the age of eight- 
een was a student one term at Wells' 
Academy, Mich. In March, 1833, he com- 
menced the study of medicine at Findlay, 
Ohio, with B. and L. Q. Rawson, and 
when the latter returned to Fremont he 
came with him. During the winter of 
1834-35, he attended medical lectures at 
the College of Physicians and Surgeons, 
Fairfield, Herkimer Co., N. Y. During 
the scholastic year of 1844-45 he gradu- 
ated from the Ohio Medical College, at 
Cincinnati, Ohio. He began the practice 
of medicine at Lower Sandusky in 1834, 
continuing thus up to 1845 before betook 
the degree of M. D., and he now has a 
retrospect of more than sixty years of 
professional life, at the beginning of which 



our country was in its infancy. He re- 
calls with accuracy the great questions 
which agitated the public mind during 
the days of Clay, Webster, and their il- 
lustrious compeers. 

In the spring of 1864 Dr. Beaugrand 
was appointed surgeon of the One Hun- 
dred and Sixty-ninth Regiment, O. V. I., 
at Cleveland, Ohio, and served one hun- 
dred days at Fort Ethan Allen, Va. 
On his return home he resumed the prac- 
tice of his profession, which he still pur- 
sues, not from personal necessity but to 
accommodate old patients. He has ac- 
cumulated a handsome competence which 
enables him to complete the rest of life's 
journej' at his ease. The Doctor was a 
Democrat before the war, and during that 
struggle voted for Republican candidates; 
but his views at present are Democratic. 
He has always had a high regard for his 
mother, who was a remarkable woman, 
very active in visiting the sick and poor 
among the early pioneers, and who was 
very charitable. An oil painting of her 
now adorns the public library at Fremont. 

WILLIAM E. LAY. Since the 
year 1828, this venerable, intel- 
ligent and highly-respected citi- 
zen of Sandusky county has 
lived upon the one farm in Green Creek 
township, a residence that is perhaps 
unequaled in the county. He has been 
an eyewitness to the growth of the county 
from its primitive condition to its present 
advanced stage of development. But the 
feature of his citizenship is not chiefly its 
duration. In public spirit and character, 
he ranks among the foremost residents. 

Mr. Lay was born in Tompkins coun- 
ty, N. Y. , October 20, 1809, son of John 
and Mary (Squires) Lay. John Lay was 
born in Connecticut January 22, 1775, 
and was the son of Aaron Lay, who, 
when a young man, emigrated with two 
brothers from England. One of these 
brothers, James Lay, afterward settled 

near Buffalo, N. Y. Mary Squires was 
born September 9, 1777, and was married 
January 22, 1797, to John Lay. Their 
eight children were as follows: (i) Jere- 
miah, born January 17, 1798, married in 
1826, settled in Seneca county, Ohio, 
and died there about 1879. (2) John, 
born September 7, 1801, a shoemaker by 
trade, lived at Attica, Seneca Co., Ohio. 
By his first wife, Aurora Ewer, he had 
one child. Henry, who died young; by 
his second wife, Mary Silcox, he also had 
one child, William, born September 6, 
1850, and died June 18, 1873. John died 
August 12, 1889. (3) Almira, born No- 
vember 16, 1803, married John Woodruff, 
lived in Jackson township, Sandusky 
county, and reared a large family; she 
died in 1874. (4) Eustacia, born August 
9, 1805, married John Bartlett, lived in 
Green Creek township, and reared a 
family; she died in 1877. (5) Harmon, 
born June 13, 1807, died April 30, 1810. 
(6) William E. is the subject of this 
sketch. (7) Mary Ann, born September 
8, 1 81 7, married Hiram Babcock, of 
Green Creek, and died leaving six chil- 
dren. (8) Susan J., born February 16, 
1820, was married first to Jacob Martin, 
of Castalia, by whom she had one child, 
and afterward to Horace Simpson; she 
died near Fremont, Michigan. 

After marriage John and Mary Lay 
settled in Seneca (now Tompkins) county, 
N. Y. , but moved thence to Steuben 
county. In i8i6 he migrated to Ohio, 
going by team to Buffalo, and there tak- 
ing passage on the schooner "American 
Eagle," and landing at the mouth of the 
Huron river. Living at Speers' Corners 
two years, he moved to the eastern part 
of Seneca county, and three years later 
crossed the Sandusky river to the western 
part of the county. He then moved back 
to Clinton township after five years, and 
in 1828, or three years later, settled on 
the farm in Green Creek township, San- 
dusky county, which his son William E. 
now occupies. Here the parents re- 



mained until their death. They were 
buried on Butternut Ridge, or Lay's 
Cemetery. John Lay was a Henry Clay 
Whig, and he voted at the first election held 
in Sandusky county, in 1819; in early life 
he was in religious faith a close-commun- 
ion Baptist, and for over thirty years he was 
either clerk or deacon of the Church; in 
after life he accepted the Universalist faith. 

The boyhood of William E. Lay was 
spent in the wilderness home of his par- 
ents in Seneca and Sandusky counties. 
Indians were then abundant, and he had 
more Indians for playmates than white 
boys. The Seneca reservation was just 
across the river from the first home of the 
Lays in Seneca county. He received lit- 
tle education at Speers' Corners, Huron 
county, and scarcely any more in Seneca 
county. His chief instruction he obtained 
sitting in his father's cabin, book in hand, 
and reading by the light of the log fire. 
One winter he attended school there, but 
his days were pretty well occupied by farm 
work, and the echo of his a.\e was heard 
in the forest until midnight. 

Mr. Lay was married April 11, 1833, 
to Margaret Lee. who was born in North- 
umberland county, Penn., September 15, 
181 5, moved with her parents to Franklin 
county, Ohio, and thence in 1823 to 
Seneca county, Ohio. After marriage he 
began housekeeping on the farm his 
father had occupied five years earlier, and 
has lived there ever since; he now owns 
200 acres of well-improved land. Eleven 
children have been born to William and 
Margaret Lay, as follows: (ij Polly 
Minerva, born January 26, 1834, died 
July 26 of the same year. (2) Harkness 
N., born December 8, 1836, worked on 
the farm until the war broke out, and then 
enlisted in Company A, Seventy-second 
O. V. I. ; he was orderly sergeant, and 
was taken prisoner at Brice's Cross Roads, 
near Guntown, Miss., June 10, 1864, with 
247 other members of the regiment, and 
was confined in Andersonville prison nine 
months. On October 4, 1865, he was 

married to Jemmetta Almond, and has 
two children living — Francis M. and Bes- 
sie. He has followed farming and car- 
pentry since the war, and now lives at 
Chicago. (3) Ann E., born April 20, 
1839, died unmarried February 25, 1888. 
(4) Cornelia, born July 29, 1840, married 
Jacob D. Le Fevre October 4, 1865, and 
died, childless, February 10, 1892. (5) 
Henry S., born June 16, 1842, unmarried, 
lives at home and operates the farm. (6) 
Clementine,born August 6, 1844, at home, 
unmarried. (7) Francis Marion, born 
August 24, 1846, enlisted in April, 
1 864, before he was eighteen, was taken 
prisoner at Guntown, June 10, 1864, 
and died from exposure and starvation at 
Savannah, Ga., October 24, 1864. (8) 
Fidelia, born September 12, 1848, mar- 
ried Cyrus Ale.xander February 2, 1870, 
lives on a farm in Erie county; they have 
no children. (9) Alice, born August 2, 
185 1, married December 30, 1892, to 
Abraham Van Doren, and resides at Clyde. 
(10) William B., born May 15, 1858, 
farmer, of Sandusky county, married Alice 
L. Jones October 24, 1883; they have no 
children. (11) Mabel V., born July 27, 
i860, married Fred Hutchinson March 12, 
1884, and has five sons — Claire L. , Ern- 
est D., Karl A., Frank M. and Ralph. 

In politics, William E. Lay was a 
Democrat until the repeal of the Missouri 
Compromise, when he became a Republi- 
can. He cast his first vote for Andrew 
Jackson at his second term. He is a man 
of the strictest integrity, and one of the 
most highly respected in Sandusky county. 
In social affairs he has been a leader. 
Having amassed a goodly fortune, he con- 
tributes liberally to public enterprises. 
His family is highly cultured, and the af- 
ternoon of his life is cast in an atmos- 
phere that is most congenial. Com- 
manding the esteem of all good citizens, 
his life reflects the abilities and virtues 
that have lifted him to the enviable niche 
he occupies in the great social fabric of 
our land. 



LEWIS W. WARD. Progress is 
born of courage. Courage stands 
erect and thinks while fear re- 
treats. Courage advances step by 
step, beheving in science and in eternal 
law. If properly guided by a conscience, 
courage will achieve deeds of heroism in 
defense of right and honor and friendship 
worthy of the noblest knighthood. As a 
living example of one who in early life 
had the courage of his convictions, in 
manhood dared where others faltered, 
one who was willing to forego his golden 
schemes of wealth for the sake of caring 
for his widowed mother, and who later 
kindly cared for other aged people left in 
his care, we present the subject of this 

L. W. Ward, insurance and real-es- 
tate agent of Fremont, Sandusky county, 
was born in Reading township, near Som- 
erset, Perry Co., Ohio, May 27, 1832, 
son of Amos and Polly (Shoup) Ward, 
who were natives of Pennsylvania. Amos 
Ward was born in 1797, and came at an 
early day to Perry county, Ohio, where 
he married and carried on farming. Late 
in the fall of 1834 he removed with his 
family through the wilds of Ohio in a 
large wagon loaded with household goods, 
provisions and grain for seed, to the 
northwestern part of Sandusky (now Ot- 
tavvaj count}', Ohio, and settled on 160 
acres of land about midway between Port 
Clinton and Locust Point. He also bought 
1 60 acres in Washington township. As the 
ground was then frozen solid, it was easy 
to get about with a team in the erection 
of a log cabin and sheds, the building of 
fences and the clearing of land for farm- 
ing purposes. Work progressed fairly 
well, but there were some drawbacks. 
The surrounding country being then a wil- 
derness, the family were often annoyed 
by the howling of wolves near their cabin 
before they secured substantial doors and 
windows, and for greater safety they built 
a high fence of rails and poles to keep off 
these midnight prfjwlers. One incident 

in this connection is worthy of record. A 
pack of hungry, howling wolves came in- 
side the inclosure one night, and threat- 
ened an attack. Mr. Ward was alarmed 
for the safety of his family, and decided 
to test the mettle of his big brindle dog, 
"Lion," who crouched in a corner for 
fear of the wolves, by throwing him out 
of the cabin and making him fight or die. 
He did so. There was heard a sudden 
terrific snarling, an encounter for a few 
seconds, and then a running away and a 
howling which died off in the distance, 
the dog having made hasty tracks for 
Perry county, followed by the wolves, 
perhaps, for many miles, leaving the ter- 
rified family in quiet the rest of that night 
and for many nights thereafter. A few 
weeks later the family learned that 
"Lion" had indeed escaped the jaws of 
the wolves, and made his appearance at 
his old home in Perry county in an almost 
famished and exhausted condition. He 
had made the trip of about i 50 miles in 
an incredibly short time, as was learned 
by comparing the records of the two fam- 
ilies. The dear old fellow was afterward 
taken again to Sandusky county, became 
a great pet in the family, and died of old 

In the spring of the year, after the 
frost had disappeared, the family were 
distressed to find that the ground was so 
soft and spongy that they could not use 
their team to go to mill at Cold Creek, 
and for six weeks they were obliged to 
do without bread, except what could be 
made from grain pounded in a mortar or 
hollow stone. There were many other 
hindrances on account of the wet soil. 
After a residence of about six months in 
this marshy, malarious region, Mr. Ward 
died in June, 1835, leaving a widow and 
seven children in the wilderness. His 
family remained there for some time, and 
then moved upon the 160 acres in Wash- 
ington township, same county, on what is 
known as the Limestone Ridge, a few miles 
southeast of Hessvillc. The children of 



Amos and Polly Ward, born in Perry 
county, were: Harriet, John, Hiram, 
Isaac, Eliza, Lewis W. (our subject), and 

Lewis W. Ward grew to manhood in 
Washington township, Sandusky county, 
amid the toils, hardships and privations 
of pioneer life, in a family bereft of a 
husband and father when they most need- 
ed his assistance. His physical powers 
were developed by a frequent and vigor- 
ous use of the axe, the mattock, the maul 
and wedge, and his love of sport gratified 
by the use of a trusty gun. On leaving 
his mother's roof, in 1847, he hired out 
to A. W. Green, a neighboring farmer, 
for six months, at $3 per month. He gen- 
erously contributed one dollar of the 
money thus earned to rebuild the Deal 
Block, in Lower Sandusky, which had 
been destroyed by fire. His brother Isaac 
took jobs of clearing land for farmers at 
$8 per acre, and sometimes the broth- 
ers worked on the Western Reserve and 
Maumee pike. Mr. Ward's schooling in 
the country was very limited, and in 1852 
he resolved to get a better education by at- 
tending a school taught in town by James 
Smith, son of Sheriff Jonas Smith, of 
Ballville township. He managed to pay 
his board and tuition by clerking evenings, 
morning and Saturdays for John F. 
Wooster, a druggist. His Sundays he 
usually spent at home or in attendance at 
the M. E. Church and Sunday-school. 
He next engaged as clerk on probation 
with Mr. David Betts, general merchant, 
and suited his employer so well that he 
was entrusted with the most valuable 
papers and records. At the end of about 
three years the store was destroyed by fire. 
Mr. Ward was accustomed to sleep in the 
store, and when roused out of sleep by the 
alarm of fire he was so intent on saving his 
employer's papers that he neglected to save 
his own valuables, consisting of a new 
suit of clothes and two watches. He 
next clerked about a year for Charles 
Haynes, and then started for California. 

He was one of a company of seventeen 
who had agreed to go there together, but 
at the time appointed for starting he alone 
was ready, and so set out alone. It took 
him five days to reach New York, and 
having just missed going on the steamer 
for the Panama route he took a vessel 
going by the Nicaragua route, which had 
on board 400 filibusters, on their way to 
Granada, South America. In due time 
he arrived at 'Frisco, went up the Sacra- 
mento river, passed Marysville to Sierra 
county, and found work for about two 
years as an honest miner. In 1858 he 
returned to Ohio to visit and care for his 
mother, intending to go back to Califor- 
nia. Finding strong inducements for him 
to remain in Fremont, he clerked for Mr. 
Edgerton, who had taken the stock in 
Betts & Kreb's store, until Edgerton 
failed, after which he clerked for Mr. A. 
Gusdorf. In 1858 he bought out S. H. 
Russel, and for eight years carried on a 
grocery and saloon on Front street. In 
1866, his lease having expired, he sold 
out his stock and engaged in the insur- 
ance and real-estate business, in which he 
has continued ever since. His mother, 
for whom he had kindly cared, died at 
her home in Elmore in 1879. 

On October 31, 1858, Mr. Ward mar- 
ried Miss Julia E. Leppelman, daughter 
of E. J. Leppelman, who with his wife 
afterward lived in the family of Mr. 
Ward for twenty odd years. Mr. Lep- 
pelman was killed by the cars at a cross- 
ing of the L. S. & M. S. railroad, on 
Main street, Fremont, June 30, 1892; his 
wife died in July, 1893. Mr. Ward is a 
regular attendant at St. Paul's Episcopal 
Church, of which his wife is a member. 
Socially, he is a charter member of Fre- 
mont lodge No. 204, K. of P. , and is also a 
member of L. W. Ward Division No. 87, 
Uniformed Rank, K. of P., which was 
named in honor of him. He was for many 
years a member of the I. O. O. F. Mr. 
Ward served four years as major of the 
Sixth Regiment, U. R. K. P., and was 



reelected for four years, but declined to 
serve longer. 

Our subject is one of the best pre- 
served specimens of physical manhood in 
Fremont, being six feet tall, with broad 
chest and shoulders, erect carriage, digni- 
fied appearance and commandingpresence. 
His fondness for out-door sport and horse- 
back riding, from his youth, has con- 
tributed no little to his good health and 
marked cheerfulness, while his business 
ventures have secured for him a comfor- 
table competence. 

PROF. W. W. ROSS, superintend- 
ent of public schools, Fremont, 
Sandusky county, and one of the 
oldest established and most widely 
known schoolmen in Ohio, was born in 
Medina county, Ohio, December 24, 1824. 
The Ross family descended from an- 
cient and time-honored Scottish blood. 
Our subject's great-grandfather, Capt. 
Alexander Ross, was an officer in Gen. 
Wolfe's army of invasion, and took part 
in the battle on the Plains of Abraham, 
Quebec, which resulted in the defeat of 
the French, and the conquest of all Cana- 
da. For gallant services he subsequently 
received a grant of lands from the 
Crown, and settled in Prince Edward 
county, Upper Canada, in 1785, where 
he lived until his death, in 1805. Ac- 
cording to the genealogy, as traced by the 
Canadian cousins of 'W^. W. Ross, 
' ' Capt. Ross was a grandson of Alexan- 
der Ross, Laird of Balnagown, Ross- 
shire, Scotland, who descended in direct 
line from Hugli Ross, of Rairiches, who 
was second son of Hugh, the sixth and 
last Earl of Ross, of the old family." The 
fifth Earl of Ross led the Ross-shire clans 
on the field of Bannockburn. In the an- 
cestral line was Rev. Alexander Ross, of 
Aberdeen, Scotland, Chaplain to Charles 
I, of England, and a distinguished author 
of many religious works, both in English 
and Latin. 

When Capt. Ross received the grant 
of lands in Canada he took his family 
from the Highlands of Scotland to live 
there. His son Alexander was the grand- 
father of our subject, W. W. Ross. He, 
Alexander, was born in Ross-shire, in 
the Scottish Highlands, not far from the 
site of the castle of Macbeth, before the 
family went to Canada. It is said he 
spent his life on his father's estate in 
Canada, near Picton, Prince Edward 
Co., Ontario. The full details of 
his life history seem not to be recorded, 
for his son, Joseph Ross, the father of 
Prof. W. W. Ross, was born, it is known, 
near Saratoga, N. Y. , in 1805, a few 
months after his father's death. Joseph 
Ross married Mary Harkness. He was a 
shoemaker by trade, and in his earlier 
days spent his time between New York 
State and Canada. He migrated from New 
York to Medina county, Ohio, in pioneer 
days, in 1830, and was one of the first set- 
tlers at Seville, where he worked at his 
trade until he was elected justice of the 
peace, in which capacity he served over 
thirty years. He was a man of good in- 
formation, broad views and discerning 
judgment. His probity and knowledge of 
law were universally recognized, and it 
became a proverb among the attorneys 
that if a case had been tried before Jus- 
tice Ross an appeal was useless. It is 
said that not a single case tried before 
him was ever reversed in the higher 
courts during his thirty years of service. 
His death occurred in 1876. Mary Hark- 
ness, the mother of our subject, was born 
in Salem, Washington Co., N. Y. , in 
1806, and is still alive, having her resi- 
dence with her son, W. W. Ross. She 
removed to eastern Ohio about the same 
time as her cousins of the same name 
(Harkness), who settled a little farther 
west, and who eventually became the 
multi-millionaire founders of the Standard 
Oil industry. She was a teacher in both 
New York and Ohio, and was married to 
Joseph Ross at Seville in 1831. To their 



union were born seven children: Alex- 
ander DeWitt, who died at the age of 
seventeen; Zaccheus, who died in in- 
fancy; McDonough, who died in child- 
hood; Zachary, who now resides in Fre- 
mont; Mary R. , wife of William Decker; 
Albert, a farmer, of Sandusky county, 
and W. W. 

Prof. W. W. Ross received his school 
training almost exclusively in the com- 
mon and academic schools at Seville, 
Ohio, one term only, 1852, having been 
passed at the Twinsburgh Institute, 
Twinsburgh, Ohio. His parents gave him 
and his elder brother, Alexander De Witt 
Ross, their entire time for school work, 
besides rendering them much assistance 
and encouragement at home. Under the 
inspiration and guidance of Charles Foster, 
a graduate of Dartmouth College, who 
was eminent as a preceptor and educator, 
and who taught a flourishing school for 
years at Seville, he made rapid progress, 
and in his earliest "teens" was well along 
in algebra, geometry and other studies, in 
all of which he excelled. [His teacher, Mr. 
Foster, died during the war of the Re- 
bellion, in which he was serving as cap- 

Our subject commenced teaching when 
sixteen, in Seville, and for fourty-four 
years since has been engaged, almost un- 
remittingly, in school work, giving thirty- 
one consecutive years of this time to 
superintending the schools of Fremont, 
Ohio. After a first trial in a small, select 
school at home, he taught two winter 
schools in the country, and then in the 
fall of 1853 organized a select and nor- 
mal school at Spencer, Medina Co., Ohio, 
over which he continued to have charge 
for four years, building up a large and 
flourishing school which drew pupils from 
thirty miles around. He immediately 
thereafter took charge of the academy in 
his native village, which he taught for 
three years, beginning with the fall of 1857. 
In both these schools he established a 
reputation as a most successful teacher. 

He again taught in Spencer in the fall of 
i860, and in Wadsworth in 1861-62; in 
the fall of 1 862 he took charge of the pub- 
lic schools of Clyde, Ohio, and after two 
years of successful work there was, in 
1864, elected superintendent of the Fre- 
mont public schools. Thirty-one years 
have rolled away, and still Prof. Ross is 
holding his position of superintendent. 
Under his supervision great improvement 
and progress have been made, and Fre- 
mont boasts that no city is her peer in 
school equipment. 

During the vacations of his school 
work in Spencer and Seville Prof. Ross 
studied law under J. C. Johnson, of Se- 
ville, Herman Canfield, of Medina (who 
fell, while serving as lieutenant-colonel of 
the Seventy-second Ohio Regiment, at 
Shiloh), and in the office of Noble & Pal- 
mer, Cleveland, Ohio, and was admitted 
to the bar in 1861. More or less famil- 
iar from childhood with law proceedings 
in his father's courts, where he was ac- 
customed to hear such distinguished men 
as D. K. Carter (afterward chief justice 
of the District of Columbia) and John 
McSweeney (one of America's most bril- 
liant bar orators), his early aspirations 
were all in the line of the legal profes- 
sion. His health had partially failed him 
some years before his admission to the 
bar, and the apprehension that his health 
and strength would not justify the labors 
necessary to eminent success in a new 
profession he continued to work in a field 
with which he was already familiar, and 
in which he was already assured of suc- 
cess. It was nearly a score of years be- 
fore he fully abandoned the study of the 
law, but he was eventually well satisfied 
with his chosen work, into which, from 
the first, he threw his whole soul and all 
his energies. He never recovered vigor- 
ous health, and has said that he had not 
seen a perfectly well day in forty years. 
Although achieving an immense amount 
of work, he has always found it necessary 
to restrain his ambition within prescribed 



limits, in order to avoid nervous exhaus- 

He early evinced, through the inspira- 
tion of his father, his academic school 
life and the environments of antc-bclluvi 
pioneer times on the Connecticut Western 
Reserve, a love for historical, dramatic 
and forensic literature, for public debate 
and general politics. In his earliest 
" teens " he had read, re-read and re- 
written Plutarch's Lives and gone through 
Gibbon's three thousand stately pages. 
Always punctual in his school composi- 
tion and declamation work, he early laid 
a foundation for subsequent success in 
public speaking on the lecture and polit- 
ical platform, and in general literary work. 
In his earlier school work he prepared 
many dramas, Shakespearean and others, 
for presentation on the school stage, and 
found in the preparatory work excellent 
elocutionary drills both for himself and 
pupils. He was always an active partici- 
pant in the debating societies, and the 
mock congresses that on the Connecticut 
Western Reserve were wont to discuss, in 
the years before the war, the great ques- 
tions growing out of slavery, and was an 
active public speaker in the Douglas cam- 
paign of i860. His services were always 
in demand on the Fourth of July occa- 
sions, which were unfailingly observed in 
his native village. 

Prof. Ross has ever kept abreast with 
educational progress in both local and 
national matters. He has served three 
terms as a member of the Ohio School 
Board of Examiners, and was president of 
the same most of the time. He was a 
candidate for State School Commissioner 
in 1 8/ I, but being a Democrat was de- 
feated. He has served as president of 
the Ohio State Teachers' Association, 
and also as president of the Tri- 
State Teachers' Association, composed 
of the States of Ohio, Indiana and 
Michigan, and has been quite a regular 
attendant of the National Teachers' As- 
sociation. The honorary degree of M. A. 

was conferred upon him by Western Re- 
serve College, Hudson, Ohio (succeeded 
by Adelbert University). As an educator 
Prof. Ross has few peers. He is a man 
of broad general knowledge, a close stu- 
dent of economics, and, like most public 
economists, is an ardent advocate of 
tariff reform. He has published a series 
of masterly pamphlets on tariff reform, 
in which he shows the absurdity of pro- 
tection, and handles McKinleyism with- 
out gloves. The titles of some of the 
pamphlets are: "Tariff Reform" (pub- 
lished October 15, 1888), "Indirect 
Tariff Taxation," and "Governor Mc- 
Kinley, at Fremont," etc. His paper 
entitled " Free Text Books," read before 
the Ohio Teachers' Association, at Chau- 
tauqua, N. Y., and published in \}!\& Edu- 
cational Monthly, Akron, Ohio, and in 
the School Commissioners' Report to the 
Ohio Legislature, is an able treatise in 
favor of the idea it suggests. Prof. Ross 
is a lecturer of ability, and his patriotism 
and true Americanism are evident in all 
his writings and lectures. In the Con- 
gressional campaign of 1894 his name 
was urged by his party friends for con- 
gressional honors; but he declined to 
allow its use, stating that he had outlived 
all personal political aspirations, and was 
conscious that he had not the health and 
strength to stand the wear and worry of a 
congressional campaign, especially the 
labors of the stump. Mr. Ross is the 
inventor of a set of dissected mathemati- 
cal forms, and the author of an accom- 
panying treatise for illustrative instruction 
in mensuration and concrete geometry, 
which have been received with unqualified 
commendation by the leading educators 
of the country. 

Prof. W. W. Ross was married, in 
1863, to Miss Julia Houghton, of W^ell- 
ington, Ohio, and they have three chil- 
dren: William DeWitt, who has charge 
of the high school at Fremont, Ohio; 
Clara J. ; and Harry Houghton. In re- 
ligious connection Prof. Ross is a member 



of the M. E. Church, and has had charge 
of the Sunday-school about thirty years. 
Socially he is a member of the Masonic 

JUDGE JOHN I. GARN. If history 
teaches by example, the lessons in- 
culcated by biography must be still 
more impressive. We see exhibited 
in the varities of human character, under 
different circumstances, something to in- 
struct us in our duty, and to encourage 
our efforts, under every emergency. And, 
perhaps, there is no concurrence of events 
which produce this effect more certainly, 
than the steps by which distinction has 
been acquired through the unaided efforts 
of youthful enterprise, as illustrated in the 
life of Judge John I. Garn. 

Our subject is by birth a Pennsylvan- 
ian, having been born in Bedford county 
October 27, 1833, a son of C. M. and 
Elizabeth (Ickes) Garn, both also natives 
of the Keystone State, the former born in 
Bedford county, in 1799, the latter in 
York county. The father was a lifelong 
farmer in Bedford county, dying there at 
the advanced age of eighty-four years, the 
mother passing away when a few months 
older; they were members of the Lutheran 
Church, and in politics he was originally 
a Whig, later a Republican. Frederick 
Garn, father of C. M. Garn, came from 
his native country, Holland, to America, 
settling m Pennsylvania. Judge Garn is 
the third, in the order of birth, in a family 
of eleven children, a brief record of the 
others being as follows: Susan (now de- 
ceased) married E. Conrad, and lived in 
Blair county, Penn. ; Catherine married 
S. Mauk, and resided in Bedford county, 
Penn. ; George lives in Sandusky county, 
Ohio; Daniel also lives in Sandusky coun- 
ty; Hannah married John Kesoberth; Mar- 
garet lives in Bedford county, Penn. ; the 
other four are deceased. 

Judge Garn received a liberal educa- 
tion at the public schools of his native 

.place, and assisted his parents on the 
farm until he was twenty-one years old, 
when he came to Sandusky county and 
bought an eighty-acre farm in Jackson 
township which he cleared with his own 
hands and carried on some eighteen years. 
He then entered the service of the Penn- 
sylvania Railroad Company as ticket and 
freight agent at Millersville, Sandusky 
Co., Ohio, a position he filled with effi- 
ciency the long period of twenty-one 
years, when he came to Fremont. In 
November, 1S93, he was elected, on the 
Republican ticket, probate judge of San- 
dusky county, taking his seat February 
12, 1894. While at Millersville he served 
as justice of the peace some fifteen years, 
which gave him good insight into the 
laws of the State, thereby well qualifying 
him, in that respect, to fill the position of 
probate judge. 

In January, 1855, Judge Garn was 
united in marriage in Sandusky county 
with Miss Maria Garn (no blood relation), 
and seven children were born to them, 
to wit: Elizabeth J. married Abram 
Rinebolt, and they have two children — 
John and Minnie. Anna Mary married 
Henry Madison, and they have six chil- 
dren — Lottie, Anna, John, Charles, Ida 
and Grace. Delilah married Robert Mc- 
Caul, and has one child, Minnie. Han- 
nah is the wife of Alexander Claycom, 
and has one child, Delilah. Sarah C. is 
at home. Minnie is at home. John mar- 
ried and is now deceased; he was a tele- 
graph operator. In religious faith Mr. 
and Mrs. Garn are members of the Evan- 
gelical Church, and they are both highly 
respected in the community; socially he 
is affiliated with the Knights of Honor. 

old-time pioneers of the far-famed 
Black Swamp, who transformed 
a howling wilderness into the gar- 
den spot of northern Ohio, are fast pass- 
ing away. Especially is this noticeable 



in the case of the pioneer preachers, 
doctors and lawyers, who traveled on foot 
or on horseback through dense forests, 
along winding obscure roads or Indian 
trails, to visit their patrons in lonel3^ 
cabins, to administer their primitive rem- 
edies for the ailments of mind, body and 
soul. As an example of one of the best 
preserved medical gentlemen of those 
early days, who is now an octogenarian, 
and whose tales of adventure and privation, 
experienced and observed among the early 
settlers in Woodville township, Sandusky 
county, Ohio, would fill a volume, we in- 
troduce the subject of this sketch. 

Dr. A. R. Ferguson, Ballville town- 
ship, Sandusky county, was born in 
Trumbull county, Ohio, on September 
20, 1 8 14, a son of Samuel and Mary 
(Ralston) Ferguson. Samuel Ferguson 
was born in Antrim county, Ireland, and 
came to America with his parents when 
he was sixteen years of age, settling in 
Beaver county, Penn. He was the young- 
est of the family, a farmer by occupation, 
a Democrat in politics and a member of 
the Seceders, a branch of the Presbyte- 
rian Church. About the year 1808 he 
married Mary Ralston, who was then 
living at the home of her uncle, Nathaniel 
Ralston. In Trumbull county, Ohio, 
during the war of 1812, Samuel Ferguson 
and Nathaniel Ralston were drafted into 
the U. S. military service, and were sent 
under Gen. Wadsworth to guard the 
mouth of the Sandusky river. Mary 
Ralston was born in Pennsylvania, in 
1776, and died in Trumbull county, Ohio, 
in 1854. The children of Samuel and 
Alary Ferguson were: (i) James, a car- 
penter and joiner, of Warren, Trumbull 
Co., Ohio, born in 18 10, died in 1840; (2) 
Andrew, a farmer, same locality, born 
in 181 2, died in 1889; (3) Archibald R., 
our subject; (4; William, a lawyer, who 
went to the West and died there; (5) 
John, born in 18 16, who died in Kansas. 

Our subject grew to manhood in Trum- 
bull county, where he attended common 

schools, and spent several years at Farm- 
ington Academy. He studied medicine 
about four years under John W. Seely, 
one of the pioneer doctors of Trumbull 
county, who became one of the leading 
stockholders in the Western Reserve Bank 
at Warren, Ohio. In the fall of 1839 
Dr. Ferguson located and began the prac- 
tice of medicine in Woodville, Sandusky 
Co., Ohio. Here he kept a small drug 
store, and served the country people as 
family physician for many miles around, 
during a period of about twenty years, 
traveling usually on horseback. His 
practice was unusually lucrative, netting 
him $1,000 the first year. In addition to 
his medical projects, the Doctor also 
found time and means to engage in sev- 
eral other enterprises which were profit- 
able. He was for a time proprietor of an 
ashery, a dry-goods store, a saw and grist 
mill, and he built at Woodville the nicest 
tavern stand then known in Sandusky 
county. He owned the first buggy ever 
used in Woodville, for which he bought 
the wood-work of a wagon -maker at 
Tiffin, Ohio, had the ironing done at 
Lower Sandusky, and did the painting of 
it himself. During the construction of 
the Toledo, Norwalk & Cleveland rail- 
road through Sandusky county, Dr. Fer- 
guson was employed by the projectors of 
the road to assist in securing the right of 
way through Woodville township, and to 
solicit subscriptions to stock from indi- 
viduals and trustees in Ballville and Green 
Creek townships. When the route was 
changed so as to pass through Elmore 
instead of Woodville, the Doctor lost no 
time in selling out his property in Wood- 
ville and locating in Ballville township, 
which has been his permanent home since 
that time. The Doctor's enterprise and 
public spirit were recognized by his neigh- 
bors in his election to the office of justice 
of the peace two terms in succession, and 
to the office of sheriff of Sandusky county, 
two terms. During the past twenty years 
he has devoted most of his time to the 



improvement of his model farm of 200 
acres, lying two miles east of Fremont, 
and to the raising of choice farm products. 
He was for several years president of the 
Sandusky County Farmers' Club, and has 
since that time kept in touch with the 
best methods of agriculture by the read- 
ing of select farming literature. He has 
also taken an active interest in educa- 
tional matters in his neighborhood. From 
his many tales of pioneer adventure we 
give the following as a sample: Once upon 
a time a man came after the Doctor from 
the present site of Pemberville to secure 
his services for a sick friend, and returned 
homeward on foot through a dense forest, 
walking some distance in advance of the 
Doctor, who followed on horseback. 
Thinking to play a joke on the Doctor, 
he turned aside and stood behind a tree, 
and howled in imitation of a wolf. The 
Doctor, not suspecting deceit in his fellow 
traveler, yelled and shouted to scare away 
the supposed wolf, but kept briskly on his 
way. In a few minutes he heard the howl 
of a real wolf in an opposite direction. 
In a short time the man who had raised 
the first howl was alarmed by the howling 
of a pack of wolves, and had to run like 
a deer to escape being attacked by them. 
He afterward told the Doctor that he 
came near losing his life by trying to play 
this unkind trick on him at the wrong 

Dr. A. R, Ferguson was married in 
1843 to Miss Marietta Hart, a native of 
New York, who died at Woodville, Ohio, 
in 1850. They had two children: (i) 
Archibald, who resides at Tiffin, Ohio, 
was a soldier in the Civil war, served as 
bugle boy in the One Hundred and 
Eleventh O. V. I., and now receives a 
pension; has two children, Lillie and 
Clarence. (2) Mary, who died at Tiffin, 
Ohio, at the age of thirty-one, and was 
buried in Mt. Lebanon Cemetery, Ball- 
ville township. 

After the death of his first wife Dr. 
Ferguson married, in 1855, Sevilla E. 

Cook, who was born January 5, 1835, in 
New York State, a daughter of John G., 
and Lucy (Martin) Cook. Her father 
was born in 1776, in Massachusetts, and 
her mother in New York. Her father was 
wont to say: " I lived si.x weeks under 
the King of England, and then rebelled." 
He died in 1861, praying for the success 
of the Union army. His parents were 
English, and came to America — a part of 
the " Pilgrim Fathers." The children of 
Dr. Ferguson by his second marriage 
were : William, who grew up on his 
father's farm, married Miss Georgia Van- 
demark, of Green Creek township, and 
their children are — Mabel, Charles, Fred 
and Edward Glenn; Edward, who mar- 
ried Miss Nattie Young, and whose chil- 
dren are — Hazel, Rupert and Clifton; 
Lillie B., wife of Kelly N. Myers, drug- 
gist, Fremont, Ohio, whose children are — 
Hazel and Cecile; Nellie, wife of George 
Harris, whose children are — Hallie, 
Archie, George J., and Ruth; Lulu, wife 
of Hiram Smith, of Fort Wayne, Ind. , 
who has one child — Veta; Sevilla E., 
living at home; Frank R. , a citizen of the 
State of Washington, who married Clara 
Whitmore, and has two children — Wan- 
eta and Wan; and Fannie G. , Alice and 
John Albert, living with their parents. 

neer record of the Black Swamp, 
in northern Ohio, which does not 
give an account of the old-time 
traveling preachers or circuit riders, who 
did so much to cheer the homes of the 
early settlers, must be incomplete, and 
any list of such itinerants which does not 
include the familiar name of Rev. Michael 
Long is untrue to history. For more than 
fifty years he traversed this region in 
every direction, and thousands loved to 
listen to the voice of his unstudied elo- 

Rev. Michael Long was born May 3, 
1 814, in Guernsey county, Ohio, son of 



Daniel and Margaret (Brill) Long, natives 
of Pennsylvania. He was reared to farm 
work, and was educated in the common 
schools. At an early age he joined the 
United Brethren Church, and at the age 
of twenty-one years was licensed to preach 
the Gospel. In 1834 he migrated from 
Guernsey to Sandusky county, Ohio, 
where he married, on April 20, 1S37, 
Miss Sarah Gear, of the same county, and 
they lived at various places most conven- 
ient to his fields of labor. On April 26, 
1836, he joined the Sandusky Conference, 
and was assigned to a circuit of twent}-- 
eight appointments, at which he preached 
regularly every four weeks, requiring for 
each round a travel of four hundred miles, 
for the most part through the forests, 
either on foot or on horseback. For his 
services the first year of his ministry he 
received a salary of forty dollars. His 
circuit the second year, and indeed for 
quite a number of subsequent years, was 
much like the first, with salary ranging 
from one hundred to one hundred and 
seventy-five dollars. 

He was an active itinerant, and for 
fifty years was continuously employed by 
the Conference as missionary, pastor or 
presiding elder, which, with one year's 
subsequent service as supply, made fifty- 
one years of active itinerant life. He was 
a member of the Conference and present 
at every session for fifty-six years, never 
missing the opening prayer. For many 
3'ears he was almost constantly engaged 
in revival work, for which he was natur- 
ally fitted. His voice was wonderfully 
strong, clear and voluminous, his nature 
genial and his deportment dignified. He 
was directly instrumental in the conver- 
sion and addition to the Church of about 
five thousand persons. He solemnized 
more marriages and preached more fu- 
neral sermons than any other minister 
within the bounds of his acquaintance, and 
he no doubt traveled longer and suffered 
more privations than any other minister 
in his Conference. His unwritten stories 

of daring adventure and hair-breadth 
escapes would fill a volume. When trav- 
eling in the Maumee Valley he sometimes 
passed trains of Indians half a mile long. 
He was endowed with remarkable phys- 
ical powers, and could endure hunger and 
fatigue with little apparent discomfort. 
He was a friend to the so-called higher 
education, and encouraged it in his family, 
the fruits of this being manifest in the 
honorable standing of his three sons in 
the active ministry. He and his noble 
wife were e.xamples of economy after 
which it would be well for many of our 
young people to pattern. Starting in life 
with scarcely anything of this world's 
goods, the}' lived within their small in- 
come, and so managed that a small per 
cent, was saved year after year until they 
were able to provide a comfortable home 
for themselves and family, near Fremont, 
and render aid in the education of their 
children at college. Mrs. Long died at 
the family residence on January 15, 1889, 
and Its death occurred at the home of his 
nephew, Rev. James Long, at Weston, 
Ohio, November 17, 1891. Their chil- 
dren were: Martha Jane, deceased wife 
of John Ernsberger; Desire Angeline, 
wife of Martin ]^Iaurer; Rev. N. S. Long, 
of the U. B. Church; Rev. B. M. Long, of 
the Presbyterian Church; Calista, wife 
of J. W. Worst; and Rev. Milon De Witt 
Long, of the Presbyterian Church. 

FRANK HEIM. That a review of 
the life of such an energetic and 
enterprising individual as is the 
subject of this memoir should have 
prominent place in the pages of a work of 
this kind is peculiarly proper; because a 
knowledge of men, whose substantial 
record rests upon their attainments and 
success, must at all times exert a whole- 
some influence on the rising generation 
of the American people, and can not fail 
to be more or less interesting to those of 
maturer years. 

Qr7Ccu^& yfk^^l.^.^ 



Mr. Heim was born February 26, 
1852, in the State of New York, a son of 
Albert and Margaret (Malkamus) Heim, 
natives of Hessia, Germany, the father 
born August 28, 1826, the mother in 
1831. They were married in the Father- 
land, soon afterward emigrating to the 
United S ates, for a time sojourning in 
New York State, whence, in 1853, they 
came to Fremont, where the father fol- 
lowed his trade, that of carpenter, and was 
also in the retail liquor trade. He died 
November 25, 1867; the mother passed 
away in 1871. Children as follows were 
born to them: Frank, subject of sketch; 
Joseph, now living in Indian Territor}-; 
William, conducting a dry-goods busi- 
ness in Fremont, and Clara, Henry 
and Charles, all three at home. The 
maternal grandmother of this family 
died in Germany at the age of ninety 

The subject proper of these lines was 
about a year old when his parents 
brought him to Fremont, and at the 
public schools of that city he received 
a liberal education, at the age of eigh- 
teen commencing business for his own 
account in the retail liquor trade. In 
1877 he purchased an interest in the 
Fremont Brewery Co., of which he is 
now the president, and since he has been 
associated with the concern its output 
has been increased, whilst many im- 
provements have been made. He is 
also president of the Electric Light and 
Power Co. of Fremont, and of the 
Opera House Co. As a public-spirited 
and liberal citizen, he is more or less 
identified with most enterprises tending 
to the welfare of the city and the com- 
munity at large. 

On March 27, 1890, Mr. Heim was 
united in marriage with Miss Delilah 
Soward, who was born in Seneca county, 
Ohio, daughter of Thomas Soward. In 
politics our subject is a Republican, and 
in religious faith a member of the Roman 
Catholic Church. 

banker and philanthropist, Fre- 
mont, Sandusky county, was born 
at Wilmington, Windham Co., 
Vt., January 15, 1801. Both of his par- 
ents died when he was yet a child, the 
father, Roger Birchard, in 1805, the 
mother, Drusilla (Austin) Birchard, in 
181 3. Both of his grandfathers were 
Revolutionary soldiers. His grandfather, 
Elias Birchard, died of disease contracted 
in the service toward the close of the war. 
His grandfather, Capt. Daniel Austin, 
served as an officer under Washington 
throughout the war, and survived many 
years. The Birchards were among the 
first settlers of Norwich, Connecticut. 

When the mother of our subject died, 
five children survived her, Sardis being 
the youngest. He was placed in charge 
of his sister, Sophia, wife of Rutherford 
Hayes (father of Gen. R. B. Hayes), be- 
came one of their family, and lived with 
them at Dummerston, Vt., until 1S17, 
when he accompanied them in their emi- 
gration to Ohio. In Vermont young 
Birchard had acquired the rudiments of an 
English education, by an irregular at- 
tendance at such schools as were in ex- 
istence at that day in the country towns 
of that State. He had also become an 
expert hunter and horseman, for a boy of 
his age, and gained some knowledge of 
business in the store of his brother-in-law, 
Mr. Hayes. In Ohio he worked with the 
latter in building, farming, driving and 
taking care of stock, and employing all 
his spare time in hunting. He was able 
with his rifle to supply his own and other 
families with turkeys and venison. In 
1822 his brother-in-law, Mr. Hayes, died, 
leaving a widow and three young children 
and a large unsettled business. Of these 
children of his sister, the eldest, Lorenzo, 
was drowned at the age of ten years; 
Fanny became the wife of William A. 
Piatt, of Columbus, Ohio; and the young- 
est, Rutherford Birchard Hayes, born the 
year of his father's death, 1822, became 



the nineteenth President of the United 
States. Mr. Birchard, who was barely 
twenty-one years of age, at once assumed 
the duties of the head of the family, and 
applied himself diligently to the manage- 
ment of the unsettled affairs of the es- 
tate, and the care of the household. In- 
heriting from his father what was con- 
sidered a handsome start for a young man, 
possessing a genial and friendly disposi- 
tion and being fond of wild sports and 
wild company, with no one to look up to as 
entitled to control or advise him, his fu- 
ture might well have been regarded with 
apprehension. He was then a slender, 
delicate, handsome youth, with engaging 
and popular manners, and was a favorite 
among the young people in the new coun- 
try. Warmly attached to his sister and 
her children, he devoted himself to their in- 
terests and was the mainstay of the family. 
While yet a boy he was hired to help 
drive some hogs to Fort Ball (now Tiffin), 
Ohio, to feed the first settlers, in 1817. 
This was his first visit to the Sandusky 
region. His first visit to Lower San- 
dusky was made in 1824, in company with 
Benjaming Powers, a merchant of Dela- 
ware, Ohio. They stopped at Leason's 
tavern, a log house on the east side of 
Front street, where Shomo's Block now 
stands. The pickets were still standing 
around Fort Stephenson, and the ditch 
was quite perfect. The village then con- 
tained about two hundred inhabitants. 
After a trip to Portland (now Sandusky 
City), they returned home, and the same 
fall Mr. Birchard, with Stephen R. Ben- 
nett as partner, bought and drove to Bal- 
timore, in the first cold weather of the 
winter, a drove of fat hogs. Mr. Birchard 
has narrated two incidents of the trip: 
The young men had to swim their hogs 
across the Ohio river at Wheeling, and 
came near losing all of them by the swift 
current of the river. By great exertion, 
and at considerable risk to themselves, 
they got all but four or five across. In 
the meantime they were overtaken on the 

road by a tall fine looking gentleman on 
horseback, who had also a carriage drawn 
by four horses, and two saddle horses 
with attendants. The gentleman helped 
Mr. Birchard get the hogs out of the way, 
chatted with him about the state of the 
markets, and the prospects of the weath- 
er, and advised him as to the best way to 
dispose of his hogs at Baltimore. This 
gentleman turned out to be Gen. Jackson, 
on his way to Washington after the Pres- 
idential election of 1824, in which he re- 
ceived the highest vote, but was not 
finally the successful candidate. 

In the summer of 1825, while mowing 
in the hay field, Mr. Birchard was 
seriously injured in health by over-exer- 
tion, his ambition not allowing him to fall 
behind the stronger men. From the ef- 
fects of this he never fully recovered. In 
the winter of 1825-26 he was confined to 
his bed by an attack called "consump- 
tion," and it was supposed that he would 
not live until spring ; but his cheerful dispo- 
sition and the elasticity of his constitution 
carried him through. In the month of 
May he set out on horseback eastward, 
making short daily journeys as his strength 
would permit, and in due time reached 
Vermont, where he remained until the ap- 
proach of winter, when he traveled south 
to Georgia and remained until the spring 
of 1827. This year he made his first 
purchase of goods as a retail dry-goods 
merchant. He went to New York with- 
out money and without acquaintances, 
but soon found a friend in William P. 
Di.xon, who sold him a stock of goods in 
his line, and recommended him to others. 
His stock of goods was made up and 
shipped to Cleveland, himself accompany- 
ing it, intending to sell to laborers on the 
Ohio canal, which was then being built 
from Cleveland southward. On passing 
down into the Tuscarawas valley he be- 
carned dissatisfied with that trade, sold 
part of his goods to another trader, and 
took the rest to Fort Ball (now Tiffin), on 
the west side of the Sandusky river. Here 



he remained, trading successfully with the 
new settlers, until December, 1827, when 
he removed to Lower Sandusky, having 
decided to go with Dr. L. Q. Rawson, 
who preceded him a few days. He at 
first went into business alone in a store, 
on the corner of Front and Croghan 
streets, where the Dryfoos clothing house 
now stands, which was erected and owned 
by Richard Sears, who had made a for- 
tune, trading with the Indians, and had 
left for Buffalo, N. Y. in the spring of 

Though there were three other stores 
in the place and two distilleries, Mr. 
Birchard received the Indian trade to a 
large extent by refusing to sell them 
liquor. He was in trade three or four 
years, and, having accumulated about ten 
thousand dollars, considered himself rich 
enough to retire. About the year 1831, 
however, he formed a partnership with 
Rodolphus Dickinson and Esbcn Husted, 
himself furnishing the capital. The firm 
name was R. Dickinson & Co., and they 
soon had in operation one of the largest 
retail stores north of Columbus and west 
of Cleveland, their yearly sales amount- 
ing to fifty thousand dollars, the sales being 
largely on credit. Mr. Birchard, with 
Richard Sears, bought the first sailing 
vessel (each owning an equal interest), a 
schooner named " John Richards," worth 
then four thousand dollars, and of about 
one hundred tons burden. The first ship- 
ment of wheat out of Lower Sandusky was 
made on this schooner, and it was prob- 
ably the first one sent eastward from any 
port west of Cleveland. 

The Indians with whom Mr. Birchard 
chiefly traded were the Senecas. They 
drew an annuity from the State of New 
York, payable at Albanj', amounting to 
$1,700, and among Mr. Birchard's cus- 
tomers, whom he trusted during the year, 
were Tall Chief, Hard Hickory, Seneca 
John, Curley Eye, Good Hunter and 
others. Before the annuity was paid he 
would get authority to draw money, signed 

by the chiefs, and go to Albany to collect 
it. This he did three times, with some 
risk but without loss. Besides the Seneca 
tribe he also traded with the Wyandots, 
Ottawas, and a few Delawares. The 
Senecas owned a reservation of forty 
thousand acres east of the Sandusky 
river, on the line of Sandusky and Seneca 
counties. Their principal settlement was 
north of Green Spring, where they had a 
mill near the site of where Stoner's mill 
stood later. Their Council House was 
not far from the mill, northwestward. 
Mr. Birchard attended some of the Indian 
dances, both in the daytime and at night, 
and was present at the religious ceremony 
of burning the white dogs. The Indians 
danced in the Council House, in the center 
of which was a fire over which was boiling 
a pot of corn and meat Their musicians 
had in their hands some bundles of deer 
hoofs, which they rattled and pounded on 
a skin stretched over a hoop. Among 
the white men who joined in the Indian 
dance, were Mr. Birchard, Rodolphus 
Dickinson, Judge Justice, and Mr. Fifield. 
Mr. Birchard was the guest at night of 
Hard Hickory, and he was called by the 
Indians "Ausequago," or the man who 
owns the most land. Seneca John was 
in the habit of trading with Mr. Birchard, 
and called at the store to see the amount 
of indebtedness the evening before he 
was killed by Coonstick and Steele for 
witchcraft. His friend. Tall Chief, settled 
the account for him later, as he believed 
that no Indian can enter the happy 
hunting grounds of the Spirit Land until 
his debts are paid. This chief was a man 
of great dignity of manner and character. 
In their business transactions these In- 
dians were generally very honest. They 
would not steal as much as the same num- 
ber of whites with the same opportunities. 
Mr. Birchard sometimes had his store 
room full of Indians, sleeping all night on 
the floor, with no watch or guard, and he 
himself sleeping on a cot near them. The 
Indians paid for goods mostly in deer skins, 


finely dressed, and in coon, muskrat, and 
sometimes in mink, otter and bear skins. 
The Indians dressed these skins much bet- 
ter than white men could. 

In 1835 Mr. Husted died, and his 
place in Mr. Birchard's firm was taken by 
George Grant, who had been a clerk in 
the establishment since its formation. He 
-\vas a man of great business capacity and 
■energj', of prepossessing appearance, tall, 
slender, of fine address and full of life and 
ambition. He died in 1841, at the age 
of thirty-two, after which the firm was 
dissolved, and the business settled by Mr. 

On the first day of January, 1851, Mr. 
Birchard, in partnership with Lucius B. 
Otis, established the first banking house 
in Lower Sandusky, under the name of 
Birchard & Otis. On the removal of 
Judge Otis to Chicago, in 1856, Mr. 
Birchard formed a partnership with Anson 
H. Miller, and a year later with Dr. 
James W. Wilson, under the name of 
Birchard, Miller & Company. In 1863 
the First National Bank of Fremont was 
organized, and the banking house of 
Birchard, Miller & Co., was merged into 
it. This was the second National Bank 
organized in Ohio, and the fifth in the 
United States. Mr. Birchard was elected 
president of the bank at its organization, 
and he held that position by re-election 
until his death. 

When Mr. Birchard came to reside in 
Lower Sandusky there were only two 
lawyers in the place: Harvey J. Harmon, 
was cultivating the island in the river, 
and Rodolphus Dickinson, a graduate of 
Williams College, Mass., who had a good 
knowledge of the law, having studied 
under Judge Gustavus Swan, in Colum- 
bus, Ohio. The latter was active in the 
politics of his time, was thrice elected a 
member of the Board of Public Works, 
and twice elected to Congress, and died 
while a member of the House of Repre- 
sentatives of the United States, in 1849. 
For his private virtues and his public 

services he is still held in grateful remem- 
brance by the people not only of San- 
dusky county but throughout northwest- 
ern Ohio. 

There were no church buildings in 
Lower Sandusky in 1827. Religious 
meetings were held in a log school house 
that stood nearly where the high school 
building is on Croghan street. Court 
was held in the same building, until the 
frame court house was finished, in which 
Rev. H. Lang afterward lived. The 
preachers were Rev. Mr. Harrington, a 
Presbyterian, and Rev. Mr. Montgomery, 
a Methodist missionary, who lived with 
the Seneca Indians, near Fort Seneca. 

During the years that intervened 
between his arriving at manhood and his 
death, Mr. Birchard was ever conspicu- 
ous in, and the ardent promoter of, every 
good work designed to advance the wel- 
fare of the town of his residence. As has 
been stated, he was connected with the 
first enterprise that opened river and lake 
commerce between Fremont and Buffalo. 
Appropriations by the State, for the con- 
struction of the Western Reserve and 
Maumee road, had in him an early, un- 
tiring, and efficient advocate; and through 
his efforts in circulating petitions through 
the State to influence public opinion, and 
thus secure favorable legislation, that 
work was doubtless completed many years 
earlier than it otherwise would have been. 

He next became enlisted in the enter- 
prise of constructing the Toledo, Nor- 
walk & Cleveland railroad. The chances 
then were that the northern and rival 
route, now known as the Northern Divi- 
sion, would be constructed first, and a 
long struggle ensued between the sup- 
porters of each route. In connection 
with C. L. Boalt, of Norwalk, Mr. 
Birchard was so effective in advancing 
the success of the southern route, by the 
pledge of every dollar of their private 
fortunes, and thus raising the funds to 
prosecute the work, that the issue turned 
in their favor, and the work went on to 



completion that, but for their extraordin- 
ary efforts, would probably not have been 
finished for many years afterward. Mr. 
Boalt was made the first president of the 
road, upon the organization of the com- 
pany, and heartily co-operating with him, 
Mr. Birchard, through his influence with 
leading capitalists of New York, was 
successful in obtaining the necessary 
means to push forward the work. 

Mr. Birchard was a Whig while that 
party existed, and subsequently an earn- 
est supporter of the Republican party, 
the administration of Abraham Lincoln, 
and the prosecution of the war for the 
Union. Hospitable, warm-hearted and 
friendly, in addition to his contributions 
to religious and benevolent objects, he 
cheerfully aided all really charitable ob- 
jects. He had a deep sympathy for the 
poor, and could not bear to know suffer- 
ing without offering relief. During the 
last years of his life, when poor health 
required confinement at home, he left 
with Mr. Miller, cashier of the bank, 
standing instructions to contribute liber- 
ally to worthy charities. His tenderness 
and solicitude for the unfortunate is illus- 
trated by a letter which Mr. Miller still 
preserves. It was written on a cold, 
stormy day in early winter, and reads as 
follows: "Mr. Miller: What a storm! 
I fear many poor people are suffering. 
If you hear of any such, give liberally 
for me. S. Birchard." 

In 1 87 1, Mr. Birchard presented to 
the city of Fremont the large park be- 
tween Birchard avenue and Croghan 
street, and the small triangular park at 
the junction of Birchard and Buckland 
avenues. In 1873 he set apart property 
amounting to fifty thousand dollars for 
the purpose of establishing a free public 
library in Fremont, appointed trustees to 
take charge of the fund, and provided 
for their perpetuity. The first collection 
of books was placed in Birchard Hall, 
on the corner of Front and State streets. 
In order to obtain a location suitable 

for putting up a library building, the 
trustees united with the cit}' council to 
purchase the Fort Stephenson property 
at a total cost of $18,000, the trustees 
paying $6,000, and thus was secured 
the famous historic locality to the people 
of Fremont forever. From the address of 
Rev. Dr. Bushnell, delivered at the laying of 
the corner-stone of the Birchard Library 
Building, July 18, 1878, we take the fol- 
lowing: " It was not in his thought, at 
first, that this bequest of his should be 
coupled with the commemoration of the 
defense of Fort Stephenson, but the 
proposal to join with the city council 
in this movement received his hearty 
consent. And thus the building itself 
with its uses, and the site on which it 
stands, combine, like strands of gold, 
to form a cord of hallowed recollections 
ever attaching our thoughts alike to the 
deed of heroic defense, and to the be- 
quest of kindly esteem. For, I wish 
personally to take this occasion to say 
that the bequest for this library was 
born in Mr. Birchard's heart, of the 
most kindly consideration for the people 
of Fremont and of Sandusky county. 
I know whereof I speak, for this is not 
a mere inference. He first determined 
to devote a liberal sum of money to 
some public benefit which all might have 
opportunity to enjoy; as to the especial 
form of it he took council, and what he 
said to others I do not particularly know, 
but he repeatedly expressed to me in this 
connection, his kindly feeling toward all 
in the community." 

Mr. Birchard's gifts to the city are 
estimated at $70,000, or about one-fifth 
of his estate. In addition to these gifts 
made during his lifetime he made in his 
will bequests to Oberlin College, to Home 
Missions, to the Fremont Ladies' Relief 
Society, and to the Conger Fund, a fund 
designed for the relief of superannuated 

Mr. Birchard was benevolent to a 
degree and in a manner known only to 



his most intimate friends. Aid in neces- 
sit}' was extended to many when none 
knew it except the recipients, and per- 
haps a friend whom he consulted. Mr. 
Birchard was especially devoted to the 
fine arts, and during his eventful life made 
a fine collection of oil paintings, which 
will eventually form one of the chief at- 
tractions of Birchard Librar}'. Among 
them is an oil painting of his favorite 
horse, "Ned." 

In Ma\', 1857, Mr. Birchard became 
a member of the Presbyterian Church of 
Fremont, and he remained in its com- 
munion the remainder of his life. He 
contributed constantly to its incidental 
and benevolent funds. He also contrib- 
uted $7,000 to the erection of the new 
edifice now occupied by the congregations. 
In this he took especial satisfaction. He 
also aided other congregations without 
distinction of denomination. He gave 
most satisfactory evidence of sincerity in 
his religious experience, and died in per- 
fect composure of mind. He had talked 
much with his friends concerning death, 
and seemed to be altogether ready. He 
was one of the marked characters in the 
earl}' history of the country, and his life 
was fortunately spared to a ripe old age. 
Of him it may well be said, as the faith- 
ful steward he received the gifts of for- 
tune and gave, in his turn, freely as he 
had received. He died January i, 1874, 
aged seventy-three years. His funeral was 
attended by the largest concourse of citi- 
zens ever assembled on such an occasion 
in this vicinity. As a testimony of respect 
to the deceased all the stores and shops of 
the city were closed from one o'clock un- 
til four, in the afternoon, when he was 
laid to rest in Oak Wood Cemetery. 



EV. PATRICK O'BRIEN, pastor of 
St. Ann's Congregation, Fremont, 
was born at Piltown, Countj^ 
Wexford, Ireland, February 20, 
He arrived in America on April 

15, 1857, being at that time only thirteen 
j-ears old. 

Like all young men of his age and na- 
tionality, seeking a home in the New 
World, our subject applied himself as- 
siduously to the task. The American 
Civil war, as the reader well knows, com- 
menced in 1861, and our subject having 
imbibed that spirit of patriotism which is 
so characteristic of his race, handed down 
to him by his undeniable Celtic ancestors, 
donned the blue, enlisted in the Northern 
army for the purpose of assisting the Re- 
public in preserving the life of the Union. 
Owing to ill health he could not render his 
adopted country that assistance for which 
he had hoped; however, he did his duty 
as a loyal subject of ' ' Uncle Sam, " to the 
best of his ability, actuated by the purest 
patriotic motives, until by reason of ill 
health, he was discharged from the or- 
ganization in which he had enlisted. Af- 
ter his return from the service he resumed 
his studies, and very soon realized that 
his vocation was that of a priest. He was 
encouraged by his parents and friends in 
this idea, and attended college with a view 
of studying for the sacred ministry. Fi- 
nally, Bishop Rappe received him into 
St. iMary's Seminary, at Cleveland, Ohio, 
as a student, and in a short time the stu- 
dent became master of philosophy and 
theology, and the late lamented Rt. Rev. 
Bishop Gilmour, D. D., bishop of Cleve- 
land, ordained him priest July 21, 1872. 

Father O'Brien has been recognized 
by those who know him as one of the 
ablest priests in Ohio, and especially in 
oratory he is unsurpassed anywhere in 
this section. He has had charge of the 
largest congregations in the diocese of 
Cleveland; was for some years pastor of 
the Immaculate Conception parish in 
Toledo, Ohio, one of the largest English- 
speaking congregation in that city. He 
was transferred from the Immaculate 
Conception parish to St. Francis De- 
Sales, on Cherry street, Toledo, and re- 
mained there a short time, when he was 



again transferred to the pastorate of St. 
Patrick's Congregation of Cleveland, the 
largest congregation in the diocese. 
While pastor of St. Patrick's he built one 
of the finest schoolhouses in the State, 
which is an ornament not only to the city 
of Cleveland but to the State of Ohio. 

Owing to the hard work that he was 
compelled to do at St. Patrick's, our sub- 
ject was broken down in health to a cer- 
tain extent, and, procuring a leave of ab- 
sence, he traveled abroad extensively, 
making a flying trip to Ireland on his 
way to Rome and Jerusalem. During his 
absence he wrote very interesting letters 
on his travels abroad, which were pub- 
lished in the leading journals of this sec- 
tion. While visiting in the Holy Land 
he encountered a severe rain storm, and 
the result was that he contracted rheuma- 
tism, and it was on this account that he 
asked to be relieved from the charge of 
St. Patrick's, and to be sent to a place 
where he would not be required to do so 
much work. His request wns granted, 
and he was transferred to St. Ann's, Fre- 
mont, Ohio. 

While Father O'Brien is a celebrated 
poet, patriot and writer, perhaps his 
principal work outside the priesthood is 
that which he gives to the temperence 
cause. He has been identified with the 
Catholic Total Abstinence Union of 
America since its organization, or nearly 
so, and has held many prominent offices 
in the Union. He is to-day president of 
the C. T. A. U., of Ohio, and at a recent 
convention held in New York City was 
chairman of the committee on resolutions, 
and drafted the resolutions which created 
so much discussion at the National con- 
vention. He is a thorough American in 
every sense and meaning of that word, and 
is respected and has always been respected 
by Protestants and Catholics alike. He 
was assigned to the pastorate of St. Ann's, 
Fremont, Ohio, in 1893, and he has been 
a valuable accession to the roll of the 
prominent pastors and citizens, and both 

he and the temperance and other organ- 
izations of St. Ann's have done a vast 
amount of good in the community. 

SAMUEL DOLL. Among the active 
spirits, which the oil and gas dis- 
coveries in Sandusky county have 
brought to the front in business 
circles, the name of Samuel Doll stands 
prominent. He is a widely-known pio- 
neer of Jackson township, and in the 
spring of 1892 he organized the S. Doll 
Gas & Oil Co., of which he is now vice- 
president. The company has leased a 
large amount of land, and is pushing the 
new industry with energy and dispatch, 
and with marked success, having opened 
fourteen or more wells, the majority of 
which have produced gas in paying quan- 

Mr. Doll was born in Jackson town- 
ship, March 3, 1835, son of John and 
Catherine (Dayhoff) Doll. The father 
was born, in 1797, in Bedford county, 
Penn., married in that State, and in 1834 
migrated to Ohio, settling in Jackson 
township, Sandusky county, where he re- 
mained until his death, in 1865. He 
was a Democrat in ante-bellum times, but 
during the closing years of his life he 
voted the Republican ticket. His wife, 
Catherine Dayhoff, was a native of Mary- 
land, and died in 1875 at the age of 
sixty-four yearg. A large family of chil- 
dren were born to Mr. and Mrs. Doll, as 
fellows: Two who died in infancy; Joshua, 
who enlisted in the army during the 
Civil war, and died in Tennessee; John, 
who married Margaret A. Sprout, and 
died in 1890, leaving four children — Ralph 
P., Nancy, William and Emma; Daniel 
(deceased), who married Adeline Kennon 
and had six children — Alice, Byron D., 
Elmer, John, Peter and Nettie; Samuel, 
subject of this sketch; Mary E., who 
became the wife of Solomon Warner, of 
Jackson township, and has had seven 
children — Emma, Laura, Elsie, Charles, 


Chauncey,Estelle and Blanche; Sarah A., 
who died j'oung; Noah, a resident of 
Keosho county, Kans., whose children 
are Alfred, Chalmer, Edith, Henry and 
Mar\-; one who died young; Susan, wife 
of Isaac Hite, of Jackson township, and 
mother of the following children — Doro- 
thy, William, Francis, Irvin, Milan, 
Edward, Lee, Verna and Franklin; and 
Jacob, who enlisted in the fall of 1864, 
and died at Camp Chase, Ohio. 

Samuel Doll was reared in the pioneer 
wilderness of Jackson township. Educa- 
tional facilities were meager, and the 
ambitious boy or girl must perforce stimu- 
late his or her waking mental powers by 
poring over books beside the log blaze 
in the home cabin. Education was ob- 
scured, or wholly ignored. Other needs 
were pressing. The clearing of the land 
was the prime consideration, and the lad 
who could swing the ringing axe the 
lustiest was the hero of the day rather 
than the pale-faced youth who could spell 
down the entire school. Mr. Doll amply 
filled the requirements of that day, as he 
does, too, at the present time. He was 
a young man of almost gigantic stature, 
and of unusual strength and activity, and 
even to-day, though he has turned his six- 
tieth year, he can do more physical work 
than many a man at forty. He was mar- 
ried in 1859, to Mary Hummel, who was 
born in Scott township, April 12, 1839, 
daughter of George J. Hummel, a native 
of Germany, and to this union were born 
eleven children, as follows: A. J., born 
June 6, 1 860, who married Emma J. Beau- 
man, and has a family of two children 
— John F. and Jay; Mary C, wife of J. F. 
Hartman, and mother of three children — 
George, Clark and Vera; Harmannus, 
born September 2, 1861, died in infancy; 
John, born in 1862, died November 7, 
1872, Lucy M., wife of William Hey- 
man, of Sandusky county, and the mother 
of two children — Cecil and Veva; Eddie, 
who died in 1872, aged four years, nine 
months and twenty-seven days; George, 

who died November 12, 1872, aged two 
years, one month, twenty-two days; Elsie, 
wife of F. B. Rollins; Orville and Arvilda, 
twins; and Estella. Mrs. Doll died Jan- 
uary 21, 1889. She was a devoted wife 
and mother, and a devout member of the 
United Brethren Church, where Mr. Doll 
also worships. Mr. Doll served in the 
Union army during the summer of 1864 
at Fort Ethan Allen, near Washington, 
and he is now a member of Manville Moore 
Post, G. A. R., Fremont. He is a 
prominent member of the P. of I. Our 
subject devoted his life exclusively to 
farming up to the time he entered the 
oil business, and now owns a large and 
well-cultivated farm, which he has always 
tilled with signal profit and success. 

ARD HAYES, the better part 
of whose life is so closely inter- 
woven with the history of this en- 
tire nation — whether we speak of him as 
General, Governor, or President — was 
born at Delaware, Ohio, October 4, 1822. 
He was descended from George Hayes, 
a native of Scotland, who came to Amer- 
ica in the latter part of the seventeenth 
century, settling at Windsor, Conn. Ruth- 
erford Hayes, of the fifth generation from 
this George Hayes, was born, in 1878, in 
West Brattleboro, Vt., and in 181 3 mar- 
ried Sophia Birchard, of Wilmington, in 
that State, " a lady of fine intellect and 
lovely character." In 1817 the family 
moved to Ohio, the trip being made in a 
covered wagon and consuming forty-seven 
days, and in the town of Delaware they 
settled. Here in July, 1822, Mr. Hayes 
died, leaving a wife and one daughter, 
and in less than three months the future 
president of the United States was born, 
a posthumous child. The estate and 
management of the family affairs were en- 
trusted to Sardis Birchard, Mrs. Hayes' 
brother, then a young man, who took a 
loving interest in his sister's welfare, and 




became very fond of his J'oung nephew, 
taking him under his immediate charge. 
The lad received his early education at the 
common schools, attended an academy at 
Norwalk, Ohio, and in 1837 went to Isaac 
Webb's school at Middletown, Conn., to 
prepare for college. In 1842 he gradu- 
ated from Kenyon College, valedictorian 
of his class. During this school period 
he spent a large part of his vacation time 
at the residence of his uncle at Lower 
Sandusky (now Fremont), Ohio; in the 
meantime his sister had married William 
A. Piatt, of Columbus, and the mother 
made her home in that city. Having con- 
cluded to make the profession of law his 
life work, Mr. Hayes commenced study 
in the office of Thomas Sparrow, of Col- 
umbus, Ohio, and was graduated at the 
Law School of Harvard University, in 
1845, on May 10 of which year he was 
admitted to the bar at Marietta, Ohio. 
He began practice at Lower Sandusky 
(now Fremont) where, in April, 1846, he 
formed a partnership with Hon. Ralph P. 
Buckland (now also deceased). 

In 1849 he opened a law office in Cin- 
cinnati, where he soon attracted attention 
through his ability and acquirements, and 
where he successfully pursued the prac- 
tice of his profession till the breaking out 
of the war of the Rebellion. In iS56he 
declined a nomination for judge of the 
Hamilton County Court of Common Pleas. 
Two years later he was appointed city 
solicitor of Cincinnati, and served until 
April, 1 86 1. On the organization of the 
Republican party, he at once became one 
of its active supporters, being attracted 
thereto by his strong anti-slavery senti- 

At the outbreak of the war, he was 
elected captain of the military company 
formed from the celebrated Cincinnati 
Literary Club. In June, 1861, he was 
appointed major of the Twenty-third 
O. V. I., and in July following his regi- 
ment was ordered to West Virginia. Gen. 
Hayes' very gallant and meritorious mili- 

tary career has been overlooked in the 
prominence given to his political life. An 
examination of his record in the army 
shows that such brave, gallant and able 
service has rarely been equalled, even in 
the annals of war. 

In August, 1864, while fighting under 
Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley, Gen. 
Hayes was nominated by a Republican 
district convention, in Cincinnati, as a 
candidate for Congress. He was elected 
by a majority of 2,400. The General 
took his seat in Congress December 4, 
1865, and was appointed chairman of the 
Library committee. In 1866 he was re- 
elected to Congress. In the House of 
Representatives he was prominent in the 
councils of his party. 

In 1867 he was the Republican can- 
didate for governor of Ohio, and elected 
over Judge Thurman. In 1869, he was 
re-elected governor of Ohio over George 
H. Pendleton. In 1872, despite his fre- 
quently expressed desire to retire from 
public life, Gen. Hayes was again nomi- 
nated for Congress by the Republicans 
of Cincinnati, but was defeatad. 

In 1873 he returned to Fremont, and 
the next year inherited the considerable 
estate of his uncle, Sardis Birchard. In 
1875, notwithstanding his well-known 
desire not to re-enter public life, he was 
again nominated for governor of Ohio, 
and, although he at first declined the honor, 
he was subsequently induced to accept 
the nomination, and after a hard-fought 
canvas was elected over William Allen by 
a majority of 5,500! This contest, by 
reason of the financial issue involved, be- 
came a national one, and was watched 
with interest throughout the country, and 
as a result he was nominated for the 
Presidency on the seventh ballot of the 
National Republican Convention which 
met at Cincinnati June 14, 1876. The 
doubtful result of the election in three 
Southern States threw the whole country 
into a state of anxiety which continued 
until inauguration day; but Gen. Hayes 



was declared elected b)' the highest author- 
it}- in the government, and on the 4th of 
March, 1877, he took his seat in the 
Presidential Chair. 

The administration of President 
Ha3"es, although unsatisfactory' to ma- 
chine politicians, was a wise and conserv- 
ative one, meeting with the approval of 
the people at large. Throughout, his 
administration was intelligently and con- 
sistently conducted with but one motive 
in view — the greatest good to the country, 
regardless of party affiliation. That he 
was eminently successful in this, and was 
as wise, patriotic, progressive and benefi- 
cial in its effects as any the country has 
enjoyed, is the judgment of every intelli- 
gent person who gives it an unbiased 

On the expiration of his term, e.x- 
President Hayes retired to his home in 
Fremont, Ohio. Here he died January 
17. 1893, of neuralgia of the heart, deeply 
lamented not only by relations and friends, 
but by the entire nation, whose welfare 
he had ever at heart. That he was pre- 
eminently a soldier, his career as such, his 
interest in the Grand Army, the Loyal 
Legion, the Union Veterans Union, and 
all other organizations associated with the 
army, prove beyond peradventure. As a 
lawyer he was successful; as a congress- 
man he was popular; as Governor and 
President he revealed the statesman. He 
was never idle — wherever duty called there 
was he ever to be found, and in this re- 
spect the many claims upon his time made 
him almost ubiquitous. 

Gen. R. B. Hayes was the recipient 
of the degree of LL. D. from Kenyon, 
1868; Harvard, 1877; Yale, 1880; and 
Johns Hopkins University, 1881. He 
was commander-in-chief of the military 
order of Loyal Legion; was first president 
of the Society of the Army of West Vir- 
ginia. He was president of the John F. 
Slater Education Fund, and one of the 
trustees of the Peabody Fund — both for 
education in the South. He was also 

president of the National Prison Reform 
Association, and a trustee of a large num- 
ber of charitable and educational institu- 
tions. After leaving the Presidency, Mr. 
Hayes was actively engaged in education- 
al, reformatory and benevolent work, and 
became president of many societies and 
associations, the chief object of which was 
the welfare of his fellow-men. Indeed, 
his life from beginning to end was a very 
busy one, and no less beautiful. 

On October 30, 1852, Gen. R. B. 
Hayes was united in marriage with Miss 
Lucy Webb, who was born August 28, 
1 83 1, in Chillicothe, Ohio, at that time 
the capitol of the State, daughter of Dr. 
James and Maria (Cook) Webb, and 
descended, on both sides of the house, 
from Revolutionary stock. Miss Webb 
was instructed by the university profes- 
sors, preparatory to entering the Wes- 
leyan Female College at Cincinnati, and 
it was while attending this institution that 
Mr. Hayes made her acquaintance. Mrs. 
Hayes first became known to the outside 
world during the Civil war, and in the 
army, among volunteer soldiers, she found 
ample opportunity for the e.xercise of her 
rare faculties in making people happy. 
Upon learning of the severe wound re- 
ceived by her husband at the battle of 
South Mountain, she hastened east and 
joined him at Middletown, Md. As soon 
as he was able to be about she would 
spend a portion of each day in the hos- 
pitals, cheeringand comforting the wound- 
ed of both armies with delicate attentions 
and tokens of sympathy. Eminently 
social and domestic, her residence, 
"Spiegel Grove," was seldom without 
visitors, and was always, in every station, 
mistress of her own household. The fol- 
lowing named children were born to Gen. 
and Mrs. Hayes: Birchard A. Hayes, of 
Toledo; Webb C. Hayes, of Cleveland; 
Rutherford P. Hayes, of Columbus, and 
Fannie and Scott R. Hayes, of Fremont. 
Eight years of beautiful private life were 
granted Mrs. Hayes, years which were 



filled to the brim with joy and occupa- 
tion. On June 2 1, 18S9, she was stricken 
with apoplexy, resulting in paralysis, and 
on the 28th her soul took flight. She 
took an interest in all charities, and was a 
leader among the originators of the Sol- 
diers' and Sailors' Orphans' Home in 
Ohio. She was also a member of the 
Womans' Relief Corps of the State of 
Ohio. To her husband and herself the 
Methodist Episcopal Church in Fremont 
is largely indebted for its beautiful Church 

TAYLOR FULLER, president of 
the Peoples Bank at Clyde, is a 
business man of recognized and 
deserved prominence among the 
diversified interests of Sandusky county. 
He is one of those sound, conservative 
men, whose judgment is rarely if ever at 
fault. He possesses a mind of those 
qualities which thoroughly grasp the sub- 
ject it engages itself upon, determines its 
relation to extraneous matters, and finally 
passes unerring judgment upon the con- 
sequences of given conditions. He is 
thoroughly conversant with the principles 
which rule in the commercial world. 
Men like him are needed in every com- 
munity to give voice to sound business 
principles, and to give proper direction to 
enterprise and industry. 

Mr. Fuller comes of sterling pioneer 
stock. He was born in Townsend town- 
ship, Sandusky county, March 29, 1840, 
son of William and Emma M. (Levisee) 
Fuller. William Fuller was one of the 
hardy and respected pioneers of Sandusky 
county who, perhaps, met with more than 
his share of severe hardships and misfor- 
tunes, but whose strength of character 
conquered every obstacle and bore him 
safely on to eventual comfort and af- 
fluence. William Fuller was born in 
Hawley, Mass., January 23, 1799. His 
father was Jason Fuller, a native of Con- 
necticut, where he was born May 24, 

1767. When a young man Jason Fuller 
moved to Massachusetts, and there mar- 
ried Philanda Taylor. In 1816 he moved 
with his family to what is now Livingston 
county, N. Y. , and here his wife died two 
years later, aged forty-nine years. Jason 
Fuller died October 25, 1819, at the 
home of his son William, in Milan town- 
ship, Huron county. He had been a 
farmer through life. Both he and his 
wife were honest, upright people, and 
members of the Baptist Church. They 
had eight children, as follows: Cynthia, 
who married, in Massachusetts, Silas 
Pratt, moved in 1824 to Sandusky county, 
Ohio, and died here; Rachel, who mar- 
ried Amos Hammond, in New York State, 
and died in Michigan; Philanda, first wife 
of James Morrill, died in Massachusetts; 
Electa, second wife of James Morrill, died 
in Kansas; William, father of Taylor Ful- 
ler; John, who married Rhoda Powell in 
Green Creek township, and died in Ne- 
braska; Betsey, who married Ichabod 
Munger in New York State, and died in 
Michigan; Thomas, who married Margaret 
Ewart in New York, and died in Michigan. 
William Fuller remained in his father's 
family until February, 1818. He then 
started alone and afoot for the wilds of 
Ohio, arriving thirteen days later in Milan 
township, Huron county, where his father, 
his eldest sister and his youngest brother 
joined him two weeks later, and took pos- 
session of a tract of land for which Jason, 
the father, had previously negotiated. 
William engaged to clear ten acres as a 
compensation for his time during the two 
remaining years of his minority. In July 
of the same year he returned to New 
York and to Massachusetts on business. 
While at the New York home his mother 
died, before the father could arrive. 
Here William Fuller married Mehetable 
Botsford, November 7, 18 18, and in Feb- 
ruary, with his wife and his father, re- 
turned to Ohio with a j'oke of oxen and a 
sled, the journey consuming twenty-two 
days. His father died in the following 



autumn, and William continued to re- 
side in Milan township until 1824, cul- 
tivating and clearing land which his 
father had negotiated for, but had never 
purchased. In 1S23 William Fuller 
purchased fort}' acres in Green Creek 
township, Sandusky county, and in the 
spring of 1S24 moved to the little place 
and began to clear and improve it. 
But misfortunes overtook him. He was 
taken ill in June, and was unable to work 
until late in August. Through the fall he 
suffered with ague. During the following 
summer he could do scarcely any w'ork. 
In August, 1826, his oxen ran away, 
throwing his eldest child from the cart, 
and killing him. The same month his 
wife and youngest child died. Leaving 
his two remaining children in the care of 
his sister, Mrs. Hammond, he returned to 
New York State and worked there four 
years. He, in Livingston county, married 
Cynthia Havens, May 15, 1831, and with 
her returned to his home in Green Creek 
township. In 1834 he bought wild land 
in Townsend township, and again began 
a pioneer career. Death entered his 
household January 23, 1835, and again 
took away his wife. Left with four chil- 
dren to care for, he could not well break 
up housekeeping, and on July 6, 1835, he 
married Marcia M. George, a native of 
New York State. She survived her mar- 
riage just one year. Mr. Fuller was 
again united in marriage October 19, 
1837, this time to Emma M. Levisee, w'ho 
survived him. She was born in Lima, 
N. Y. , March 24, 1818, daughter of Aaron 
and Anna (Lyon) Levisee. 

Aaron Levisee was born in New Jersey, 
June 19, 1774, sonof James Levisee, who 
had previously moved to that State from 
Connecticut. Aaron was the eldest child 
of a family of nine children. His boy- 
hood was passed in Connecticut and 
Massachusetts. He acquired a fair edu- 
cation, followed the seas three years as 
clerk of a sailing vessel, then taught 
school. While teaching a term at 

Lanesborough, Mass., he had for a pupil 
Anna Lyon, whom he soon after married. 
She was born at Lanesborough, May 13, 
1778, daughter of Thomas and Thankful 
Lyon, both natives of Massachusetts. 
After marriage Aaron and Anna Levisee 
lived in Massachusetts, in Greenfield, Sara- 
toga Co., N. Y. , in Lima, Livingston Co., 
N. Y., and in Allen, Allegany Co., N. Y. 
Here Aaron Levisee died June 18, 1828. 
Four years later the widow migrated with 
her children to Townsend township, San- 
dusky Co., Ohio. In 1844 she moved 
to the home of her daughter, Mrs. Thank- 
ful Botsford, near Ann Arbor, Mich., and 
died there July 3, 1845. The nine chil- 
dren of Aaron and Anna Levisee were 
Almedia, born August i, 1799, married 
Ezra Lyons, and died in Townsend town- 
ship, Sandusky Co., Ohio, June 28, 1853; 
Eveline, born June 21, 1801, married 
Hubbard Jones, and died in Townsend 
township June 13, 1873; Thankful, born 
July 15, 1804, married David Botsford, 
and died in Washtenaw county, Mich. ; 
Eliza Ann, born May 6, 1806, first mar- 
ried to Jonathan Wisner, afterward to 
Joseph Cummings (she died in Townsend 
township November 6, 1838); John L. 
and Sarah L. (tw-ins), born July 4, 1809, 
the former a prominent citizen of Town- 
send township, died at the age of eighty- 
six, the latter dying at the age of four years 
in 1813; Sarah Sophia, born February. 
14, 181 5, married Charles Gillett, and 
died in Steuben county, Ind., March 16, 
1847; Emma M., born March 24, 181 8; 
and Aaron Burton, born March 18, 1821, 
a prominent lawyer of Fargo, North 

After his marriage to Emma M. Levi- 
see, William Fuller continued farming in 
Townsend township. His industry and 
patience were rewarded in time. He ac- 
quired much land, and each of his five 
sons who grew to maturity were helped 
to a farm by their father. William Fuller 
was a Democrat until 1856; but from that 
time to his death, which occurred Janu- 



ary 7, 1884, he was a Republican. In re- 
ligious faith he was a Universalist. Two 
children by his first wife, David and John, 
grew 10 maturity. David was born July 8, 
1 82 1, married, for his first wife, Mary Z. 
Higley, and, for his second, Eliza J. 
Plumb. He died May 18, 1 8/ 9. John, born 
April 7, 1823, married Eliza Mallory, and 
removed to Branch county, Mich. By his 
second wife William Fuller had two chil- 
dren: William T., who was born April 10, 
1832, married Mary J. Van Buskirk, and 
resides at Townsend; and Cynthia M., 
born November 2, 1833, and died Decem- 
ber 22, 1853. One child was born to his 
third wife, Jason E. , who died in infancy. 
Three children were born to William and 
Emma M. (Levisee) Fuller, as follows: 
Taylor, James and Albert. James was 
born October 13, 1844, rnarried Betsey 
Richards, and lives in Townsend town- 
ship; Albert, born June 22, 1846, died 
September 26, 1849. 

Taylor Fuller, the eldest of these three 
children, grew up on the farm in Town- 
send township, and attended the district 
schools. He enlisted in August, 1862, in 
Company K, One Hundred O. V. I., 
which was organized at Toledo. The 
regiment was sent to Kentucky, and oper- 
ated against the forces of Gen. Kirby 
Smith. During the winter of 1862-63 it 
remained in the vicinitj' of Lexington, 
and in the fall of 1863 crossed the moun- 
tains to Knoxville, Tenn. A detachment 
of 240 men, sent up to the Virginia State 
line to guard the railroad, was captured 
by the Rebels. The regiment was en- 
gaged in nearly every battle of the Atlanta 
campaign, then returned to Tennessee, 
and met Hood at Columbia, Franklin and 
at Nashville. After Hood's defeat at 
Nashville, Mr. Fuller, then a sergeant, 
went with the command to North Caro- 
lina. It was actively engaged at Wil- 
mington and assisted in the capture of 
that city, then moved to Goldsboro and 
met Sherman's army. The regiment was 
mustered out at Greensboro, N. C, 

June 20, 1865, and discharged at Cleve- 
land, July I, following. Sergt. Fuller was 
a faithful soldier, and was with the regi- 
ment during the whole of its active and 
eventful service. Returning to his home, 
he again took up the vocations of peace. 
On December 3, 1867, he was mar- 
ried to Miss Lina E. Stone, who was born 
in Seneca county, Ohio, April 15, 1843. 
Their only child, Dermont E. , was born 
November 6, 1868, and was educated in 
the schools of Clyde and at the Ohio 
Wesleyan University, Delaware; he is 
now assistant cashier of the Peoples Bank 
at Cl3'de. Taylor Fuller began house- 
keeping on a farm in Townsend township 
which he had previously purchased, but 
later settled on his present farm in York 
township. Besides looking after his farm- 
ing interests he has been one of the lead- 
ing stock farmers at Clyde for ten years 
or more, and for a number of years he 
has been a prominent wool dealer also. 
He was one of the founders of the Peo- 
ples Bank, which was organized in 1883 
with a capital stock of $50,000, and which 
is one of the leading and prosperous finan- 
cial institutions of the county. He served 
as vice-president continuously until elected 
to his present responsible position of presi- 
dent of the bank. In politics Mr. Fuller 
is a pronounced Republican. He is a 
member of the G. A. R., and of the 
U. V. U. No man in the township ranks 
higher as a public-spirited citizen, and as 
a capable business man. 

(deceased). For over seventy years 
this venerable and hearty pioneer 
was a resident of Green Creek 
township, Sandusky county, and at the 
time of his death he was one of the oldest 
settlers of the county. When his people 
came to the wilderness there was not a 
residence of any kind between Green 
Creek township and Sandusky Bay, and 
Indians inhabited the woods on every 



side. It was in 1820 that Jonathan Rath- 
bun, grandfather of Saxton S., migrated 
from Genesee county, N. Y., to Ohio, 
setthng first in Lorain county, and four 
5'ears later coming to the farm in Green 
Creek township lately occupied by S. S. 
Rathbun, where he permanently located. 
Jonathan Rathbun was one of three 
brothers who emigrated from England to 
America and the fourth in a family of ten, 
children. He settled in Tyringham, 
Mass., and later migrated with his family 
to Genesee county, N. Y. He had four 
sons — Clark, Chaplin, Lucius and Mar- 
tin— and four daughters — Sally, Marvel, 
Eliza and Laura — all of whom moved \Yith 
him to the Western home. 

Chaplin Rathbun, father of Saxton S., 
was born in Tyringham, Mass., July 3, 
1793. He was married in New York 
State to Lucinda Sutliff, who was born 
on the Genesee river, New York State, in 
1792, and whose grandfather. Gad Sut- 
liff, a ship carpenter by vocation, emi- 
grated from England, and died in New 
York State, at the age of ninety-three 
years. Many of his descendants now 
live in Lorain county, Ohio, among 
them being William H. H. Sutliff, of 
Wellington. The children of Chap- 
lin and Lucinda Rathbun were as 
follows: Saxton S. , born in Genesee 
county, N. Y. , June 3, 1813; Jeannette, 
who married James Cleveland, and died 
in Green Creek township; Jonathan, who 
died aged seven years; Catherine, who 
married Christian Huss, and died in 1894; 
Lucinda, married to Morris Lemmon, and 
died in Steuben county, Ind. ; Sarah, who 
married H Foster, and died recently in La 
Grange county, Ind. ; Bliss, who died in 
Green Creek township, aged twenty- 
five years; Eliza, wife of John Hunter, of 
La Grange county, Ind. Chaplin Rath- 
bun died January i, 1865. He was a man 
of large size, hardy constitution and mus- 
cular frame. In politics he was a W^hig 
and Republican successively. 

Saxton S. Rathbun was a lad of 

eleven years when his parents entered the 
dense wilderness which covered the now 
fertile farms of Green Creek township. 
The educational possibilities of the back- 
woods were not great, but he took ad- 
vantage of such opportunities as the fron- 
tier then afforded. He attended a school 
in a log cabin wherein, as a substitute for 
a window, a hole was cut in a log and 
paper pasted over the opening. On 
April 9, 1835, he was married to Bar- 
bara E. Huss, born in Lancaster county, 
Penn., December 27, 18 16, and their 
children were as follows: (i) Edwin, born 
March 10, 1837, who, while a river man, 
unmarried, died of yellow fever at St. 
Louis, Mo., in 1880. (2) Norton G., 
born September 19, 1839, now of Green 
Creek township, an ex-county commis- 
sioner, married, and is the father of three 
children — Edwin, Arthur and Herman. 
(3) Burton, married, and is the father of 
one child — Leonard. (4) Thaddeus, who 
died aged eight years. (15) James, who 
yielded up his life for his country on the 
battlefield of Stone River, December 30, 
1862, after a service of nearly two years; 
he was a member of the 121st Illinois 
Regiment, in the division of Gen. Rose- 
crans; was six feet one inch tall in his 
stockings; always ready for duty, and the 
best man in his regiment; the bereaved 
father went to Tennessee and brought 
home the remains. (6) Norman died of 
typhoid fever, aged twenty-two years. 
(7) Chaplin L. married, and is the father 
of eight children — Harry, Edith, Fannie, 
James, Nina, Lucy, Ollie and Mabel. (8) 
Lucinda is the wife of Charles Storer and 
the mother of five children — Alice, Bes- 
sie, Mary, James and Carrie. (9) Brace, 
of Eaton Rapids, Mich., is the father of 
three children, one of whom died at the 
age of four years, those living being Ban- 
nie and Bertha. (10) Orvilla, wife of H. 
Sackrider, of Fremont, is the mother of 
five children, two of whom died in in- 
fancy, the living being Lynn, Blanche 
and Grace. (11) Jacob died in infancy. 



(12) John E., connected with the Oak- 
wood Cemetery Association, of Fremont, 
for the past fifteen years, has one child — 
Ferra Fern. 

After his marriage Mr. Rathbun pur- 
chased eighty acres of land in Green 
Creek township. The original deed for 
the land bears the signature .of Andrew 
Jackson, President, under date of 1832, 
and Mr. Rathbun paid for the land by 
working for $10 per month. Nobly aided 
by his wife, he essayed the task of clear- 
ing the land, and gradually increased the 
acreage until it developed into the pres- 
ent excellent farm of 200 acres, all of 
which was acquired and improved by its 
worthy owner and his faithful helpmeet 
and co-worker, whose loss by death, oc- 
curring March 13, 1894, he deeply 
mourned. The rearing and educating of 
their large family consumed much of her 
time, but she proved equal to the stern 
responsibilities, and to her Mr. Rathbun 
ascribed due meed for the efficient man- 
ner in which she contributed to the accu- 
mulation of the estate. In politics Mr. 
Rathbun was a Democrat until the open- 
ing of the Civil war, after which time he 
was a Republican. He was trustee of 
the township fourteen years. In the es- 
teem of his fellow citizens no man ranked 
higher than this brave and earnest pio- 
neer. His life work was well done, and 
its remembrance will linger long in the 
memories of men. He passed from earth 
February 3, 1895. 

WB. HEIM. Among the enter- 
prising and successful young 
business men of Fremont, San- 
dusky county, may be justly 
mentioned William B. Heim, of the well 
known dry-goods firm of Heim & Barnum, 
corner of Front and State streets. Al- 
though of German parentage, Mr. Heim 
is a native of the " Buckeye State," hav- 
ing been born in Fremont, Ohio, June 6, 

1&57, a son of Albert and Margaret (Mal- 
kamus) Heim. 

William B. Heim entered business life 
as a clerk in the dry-goods store of J. 
Ryan, in 1875, and remained in that ca- 
pacity until 1882. Having mastered the 
problems involved in mercantile transac- 
tions thoroughly, and economized his 
time and means, he found himself ready 
to embark in an enterprise for himself, 
and in 1885 became a member of the firm 
of Heim & Richards, successors to J. 
Ryan. This firm was afterward changed 
to Heim & Barnum, our subject remain- 
ing connected with the firm. There are 
few men in any community who canboast 
of having gained the confidence of the 
public more thoroughly than he; and this 
has been done by fair dealing and genuine 
courtesy. The store of Heim & Barnum, 
No. 1 16 N. Front street, is 86 by 23 feet, 
and they occupy part of the second story of 
of the building; eight clerks are employed. 

Mr. Heim was married in 1887 to 
Miss Clara A. Dorr, of Fremont, and they 
have one child, Bogniard. Mr. and Mrs. 
Heim are both possessed of good educa- 
tional ideas, and their aim is to give their 
son the advantage of modern methods of 
culture. Mr. Heim is a Democrat, a 
member of the Roman Catholic Church, 
and of the National Union. 

HON. JOHN KELLY (deceased), 
who, for the long period of over half 
a century, was a resident of what 
is known as the Peninsula, Ottawa 
county, was born in the city of Troy, N. Y. , 
December 14, 1809. In the fall of 18 18 
he came to Ohio with his father, the fam- 
ily settling at Sandusky, at that time a 
wilderness inhabited by Indians and wild 
animals. In 1832 our subject moved to 
the Peninsula, and on July 23, 1835, was 
married to Elizabeth Pettibone, soon 
after which event he purchased the farm 
whereon he passed the rest of his days. 
Mr. Kelly enjoyed about the usual 



school advantages of pioneer days, and, 
such as they were, they ended with his 
fourteenth }-ear; but his extreme fondness 
for reading in a measure supphed the 
deficiencies of his early training. The 
Bible, the Iliad, Shakespeare, Goldsmith, 
Scott, Burns and Byron were among his 
favorite books and authors. He was a 
man of strong, resolute, independent 
character, possessed of deep convictions 
which were not shaken in the least, even 
if all the world disagreed with him. He 
would allow himself to be under no obli- 
gations to any one, and would not suffer 
anybody to have any power or control 
over him. He would deny himself a ne- 
cessity before he would contract a debt 
that might embarass him in the future. 
He was very exact in the performance of 
all his engagements; a debt with him must 
always be paid on the day it fell due. 
Though not pretending to a knowledge of 
the details of the law, he was well-versed 
in legal maxims, and had such rare judg- 
ment in their application that he was 
often called upon by his neighbors for 
legal advice, and in this way ofttimes 
rendered them material aid. He had a 
retentive memory, and could repeat en- 
tire many of the longer poems of his 
favorite poet. Burns. He never held a 
public position that was not given with- 
out asking. He served his township as 
justice of the peace for twelve consecu- 
tive years, and held various other minor 
public positions. In 1862 he was elected, 
on the Republican ticket, to represent the 
Thirtieth Senatorial District in the Fifty- 
fifth General Assembly of Ohio, wherein 
he served a term of two years — 1862-63. 
Mr. Kelly firmly believed in an over- 
ruling Providence, in retribution for evil 
doing, and in good works as an infallible 
index of goodcharacter;furtherthan which 
it is doubtful whether he had any formu- 
lated belief. Upon this, as, indeed, upon 
every subject, he did his own thinking; 
he accepted nothing upon authority, scout- 
ing the idea that a man injist believe any- 

thing. He felt that the average Church 
creed was too detailed and definite to be 
wholly true, or even reverent. 

He passed from earth April 18, 1S83, 
at the age of seventy-three jears, after 
but two days' illness, although he had 
been in feeble health for many years, the 
immediate cause of his demise being con- 
gestion of the lungs. His death-bed was 
surrounded by his wife and every one of 
his living children, who mourned the de- 
parture from their midst of a kind, affec- 
tionate husband and loving, indulgent 

Ottawa county's prosperous farm- 
ers and stock dealers, is a native 
of the county, having been born 
March 17, 1838, in Danbury township, 
and is the son of the Hon. John Kelly, a 
sketch of whom precedes this. 

The subject of this sketch was reared 
on a farm, during this time receiving a 
common-school education, which was 
afterward supplemented by a two-years' 
course at Oberlin College. About this 
time he made his choice of a companion 
who was to share with him the joys 
and sorrows that might await him, an"' 
on March 27, 1859, he wedded Mi./ 
Laura Lockwood, also a native of the 
county, born May 20, 1840, and a daugh- 
ter of Edward J. and Lydia (Ramsdell) 
Lockwood, a sketch of whom follows. 
The young couple started out on life's 
journey full of hope and with bright pros- 
pects of success, which time has shown to 
have been fully realized. To this union 
have come four children — one son and 
three daughters — to wit: (i) Arthur A., 
born February 23, i860, married to Jen- 
nie Latimore, and they are now the par- 
ents of two children — Edward L. , born 
February 8, 1888, and Mary Gertrude, 
born January 25, 1895. (2) Mary E., 
born August 6, 1862, and married to Dr. 
Carl Esch, of Cleveland, Ohio. (3) 




Josephine, born March 17, 1864, mar- 
ried to Dr. R. L. Waters, of Elmore, 
Ohio. (4) Lydia, born October 17, 1875, 
still living with her parents. 

Mr. Kelly has always been engaged 
in agricultural pursuits, including dealing 
in live stock, and besides general farming 
he has engaged extensively in the culture 
of fruit, an industry for which the Penin- 
sula, on which his farm is located, has 
become noted. He is energetic and pub- 
lic-spirited, and has held many positions 
of local trust. Always identified with 
educational interests of Port Clinton, he 
served as a member of the Board of Edu- 
cation for over seventeen years, and for 
ten years was its president. He was like- 
wise several times elected a member of 
the council, which incumbency he filled 
with ability. In 1890 he held the posi- 
tion of receiver for the Lakeside & Mar- 
blehead railroad, having been appointed 
by the court pending the adjustment of 
difficulties among its stockholders. In 
this position he managed the affairs of the 
company with such prudence and faith- 
fulness that the court allowed him a lib- 
eral compensation, and — what was more 
gratifying to him — commended him highly 
for his ability. 

In 1S91 Mr. Kelly was elected a mem- 
ber of the Seventieth General Assembly 
of Ohio, on the Republican ticket in a 
county largely Democratic, and in 1893 
he was again honored by a re-election. 
While in the Seventieth Mr. Kelly served 
on several important committees, promi- 
nent among which was the "Committee 
on Fish Culture and Game." In this ca- 
pacity he secured the passage of an act 
reimbursing fishermen for large losses 
sustained by them in consequence of the 
destruction of their nets by the Eish War- 
den under an act afterward declared un- 
constitutional. During the same session 
he was instrumental in securing the pass- 
age of a joint ditch law. In speaking of 
Mr. Kelly's efforts in this instance, we 
can do no better than to quote the To- 

ledo Bcc of April 19, 1892, a Democratic 
paper, reading as follows; ' ' Representa- 
tive Kelly, of Ottawa, last evening se- 
cured the passage of his bill amending 
the e.xisting statutes, so that, in the con- 
struction of a joint ditch, reviewers shall 
assess the damages to be paid by the up- 
per county. This is a fight between Ot- 
tawa and Wood counties. Representa- 
tive James fought the bill at every stage 
of the proceedings, but the quiet, unas- 
suming ways of Kelly, of Ottawa, cap- 
tured the House, as he made one of the 
ablest business-like arguments that has 
been delivered on the floor of the House 
this winter. His influence over fellow 
members of the House consisted largely 
in the fact that he was never known to 
introduce, favor or support any measure 
savoring of schemes; but was ever on the 
alert, watching closely every measure un- 
der consideration, and always taking sides, 
favoring or approving every measure 
pending before the House, as the interest 
of his constituents and the welfare of the 
State might dictate." 

In the Seventy-first General Assem- 
bly, he was again placed on several im- 
portant committees, one of these being 
appointed by the Speaker under a resolu- 
tion passed by the House. Mr. Kelly 
was made chairman of this committee, 
whose duty was to prepare plans for re- 
modeling the State House with a view to 
making room for the Supreme Court of 
the State to hold its sessions, this body 
having been increased by a former Legis- 
lature to six members in order to facili- 
tate the work of the court and to get im- 
portant cases disposed of, by making two 
divisions of the court, making more room 
necessary. The work was acceptably 
done, but never executed for want of a 
fund from which to make an appropria- 
tion for carrying on the same. Mr. Kelh' 
likewise was instrumental in securing the 
passage of a law allowing courts, whose 
term expired by limitation, to reconvene 
at once when in the midst of a lengthy 


case, to complete it, saving much time 
and needless expense. 

Mr. Kelly has always been a promi- 
nent and influential leader in public af- 
fairs, possessing almost unrivaled gifts of 
persuasive eloquence and convincing 
logic. He is courteous in debate, fer- 
tile in resource, and a powerful sup- 
porter of any cause to which he may give 
his sanction. These characteristics, in 
connection with his able work in the 
Legislature, brought him into prominence, 
and made him the recipient of many 
complimentar}' notices from the Press of 
the Ninth Congressional District. At the 
Republican convention held in Toledo, 
June 19. 1894, Chairman of the Conven- 
tion complimented the convention on hav- 
ing so many candidates, anyone of whom 
would make admirable representatives, 
mentioning Mr. Kelly's name among the 
number. When the time came for nom- 
inations, the Hon. William Miller, of Ot- 
tawa, and Presidential elector who cast 
the vote of his Congressional District for 
Mr. Harrison the second time, announced 
the name of William Kelly, ''the only 
man who had twice carried that Bourbon 
stronghold." The Toledo Blade oi that 
date, in speakingof the different candidates 
before the convention, says: ' ' Mr. Kelly re- 
ceived a continuous ovation all last evening 
from his many friends, not only from To- 
ledo, but also from the other delegations." 

With this brief account of his life and 
work, we leave the subject of this sketch 
in the- enjoyment of good health at his 
pleasant home in Port Clinton, surround- 
ed with the comforts of life, and the 
well-earned confidence and esteem of his 
many friends, the ripened fruit of a dili- 
gent and honorable life. 

Edward J. Lockwood, who for over 
seventy years has been a continuous resi- 
dent of Ottawa county, and to-day is one 
of the few surviving pioneers who have 
been spared to see flourishing towns and 
productive farms and orchards supplant 
the primeval forests, was born in the city 

of Albany, N. Y.. August 17, 181 3, and 
is a son of Col. Samuel M. and Mary 
(Doughty) Lockwood, the former a na- 
tive of Stamford, Conn., the latter of 
New York City. 

The parents and five members of their 
family came to Ottawa county a short 
time prior to the arrival of the subject of 
this sketch, when it was a part of Huron 
county, a wild and uncultivated tract of 
land, and they participated in all the 
trials and hardships that fall to the lot of 
early settlers. On November 9, 18 17, 
Mrs. Col. Lockwood died in Danbury, 
Ottawa county, Ohio, and on November 
30, 181 8, Col. Lockwood was again 
united ia marriage, this time to Gertrude 
Doughty (a sister of his former wife), who 
survived him many years, dying June 6, 
1875, at Plasterbed, Ottawa Co., Ohio. 
The children by the latter union are John 
Wickliffe Lockwood, Horace A. Lock- 
wood, A. Piatt Lockwood, Hon. James 
I\. Lockwood, Lane Lockwood, Laura 
Lockwood, Emeline Lockwood and Imo- 
gene Lockwood. Col. Lockwood was one 
of the energetic pioneers of this country. 
He made quite a history, a part of which 
was his service for four terms in the Leg- 
islature of Ohio, serving two terms in the 
House of Representatives, and two terms 
in the Senate. He was president of the 
first railroad built in Ohio. 

Our subject, who is the only surviving 
member of Col. Lockwood's family by his 
first wife, was reared as a farmer boy, re- 
ceiving a limited education in the old log 
schoolhouse near his home. After com- 
ing to Ottawa county he worked in the 
quarries at Plasterbed, where for some 
years he operated a stationary engine, 
afterward receiving a position as engineer 
on a steamboat; but the greater part of 
his life has been devoted to agricultural 
pursuits, and his industry and close atten- 
tion to business have made his farm one 
of the finest in Ottawa county. He set 
the first vineyard and the first peach and 
quince orchard that was set on the Pen- 



insula, a locality that has since become 
so famous as a fruit-growing section. 

Edward J. Lockwood has been twice 
married; first time to Lydia Ramsdell, a 
daughter of Jacob and Experience Rams- 
dell, who where among the honored pion- 
eers of Ottawa county. By this union there 
were born four daughters: Laura, now 
the wife of Hon. Kelly, of Port Clinton; 
Ellen, wife of William Sloan, who is 
living in Portage township, Ottawa coun- 
ty; Experience; and Elizabeth, wife of 
George R. Marshall, of Mansfield, Rich- 
land Co., Ohio. The mother of this 
family died March 24, 1890, and Mr. 
Lockwood subsequently married Mrs. Julia 
(Streeter) Wonnell, widow of James Won- 
nell, Esq., of Portage township, and a 
daughter of Solomon and Sarah (Arnold) 
Streeter, of New Hampshire. 

Mr. Lockwood has never desired or 
sought the honor or emoluments of public 
office, preferring to give his time and at- 
tention to the duties of his farm, yet he 
has, by the earnest solicitations of his 
friends, accepted and efficiently filled var- 
ious positions of trust in the township. 
In his political views he was formerly a 
Whig, giving his first vote for William 
Henry Harrison, and when the Republi- 
can part}' was formed he joined its ranks, 
and is still one of its earnest advocates. 
Although well-advanced in years, and one 
of the oldest citizens in Ottawa county, 
Ohio, he is still hale and hearty and more 
active than many men that are some years 
his junior. He gives his personal atten- 
tion to his large and productive farm, and 
spends his evenings amidst the surround- 
ings of his comfortable home in Port Clin- 
ton, where he has many friends who hold 
him high esteem. 

since the latter part of 1891 has 
been judge of the court of common 
pleas of the first subdivision of the 
Fourth Judicial District of Ohio, is a 

native of Ohio, son of Hon. John Kelly, 
having been born July 31, 1844, in Dan- 
bury township, Ottawa county, on his 
father's farm. Here he grew up, going 
to school winters and working on the farm 

During the years i860 and 1861 he 
attended the high school at Sandusky, 
and the winter before he was twenty-one 
years of age he taught his first country 
school. During the winters of 1865-66 
and 1866-67 he again taught school, and 
in spring of the latter year entered the 
Business Institute at Oberlin, Ohio, but 
in consequence of sickness did not finish 
his course till the latter part of the sum- 
mer of 1868. As soon as his course was 
completed he was offered the position of 
teacher in that institute, which he ac- 
cepted, and he continued in that position 
till the spring of 1870, when he returned 
home, remaining there for a year. In the 
spring of 1871 our subject began the study 
of law in the office of Homer Goodwin, at 
Sandusky, Ohio, and in the following 
October entered the law department of 
Michigan University, Ann Arbor, Mich., 
where he was graduated in March, 1873, 
and received the degree of Bachelor of 
Laws. Immediately thereafter he was 
admitted to practice in the State of Michi- 
gan. In April following he formed a 
partnership and commenced the practice 
of law in Chicago, having been admitted 
to the bar of Illinois. During the entire 
winter following he was suffering from ill- 
ness, and had to submit to a severe surg- 
ical operation; afterward, in April, re- 
turning to Chicago, where he remained 
till late in the fall. At that time he sold 
out his interest in the partnership, and 
removed to Port Clinton, Ohio, where he 
has ever since made his home. 

Early in 1875 Judge Kelly was admit- 
ted to practice in Ohio, and he then 
formed a partnership with T. L. Magers 
(now of Tiffin) under the firm name of 
Magers & Kelly, which partnership was 
dissolved in 1878. Our subject continued 



the law practice without any other busi- 
ness connection till the fall of 1891, when 
he was elected judge of the court of com- 
mon pleas, to fill the unexpired term of 
Judge J. L. DeWitt, and was elected for 
the full term next following. He assumed 
the duties of the office in the latter part 
of 1 89 1, and has ever since been acting in 
that capacity with his characteristic abil- 
ity and zeal. 

In 1876 Judge Kelly was married to 
Miss Susie Smith, and they have three 
children — two daughters and one son. 
The Judge in his political preferences is a 
Republican, has served on the board of 
school examiners of Ottawa county, and 
was mayor of Port Clinton one term. In 
religious faith he is a member of the Con- 
gregational Church. For the past two 
years he has held the position of presi- 
dent of the German-American Bank of 
Port Clinton. 

tired farmer, Fremont, San- 
dusky county, was born in Sen- 
eca county, Ohio, April 22, 1822, 
a son of William D. Sherwood and Martha 
(Allen), daughter of David Allen, of Es- 
sex county, N. J., who was a brother of 
Col. Ethan Allen, of Vermont, famous 
for bravery in Colonial days. 

The father of our subject was born on 
a farm in Dutchess county, N. Y. , which 
lay on the Hudson river, and has since 
become a part of New York City. He 
was educated in the city schools, studied 
law, was admitted to the bar and prac- 
ticed law a few years. During the war 
of 1812 he served as captain of a com- 
pany of Jersey Grays, and also as colonel 
of a regiment; during the latter part of 
the war he served as commissary. After 
his marriage he began the manufacture of 
edged tools, at Plainfield, N. J., and con- 
tinued at the same with good success 
about ten years, employing usually about 
forty men. In i 820 he sold his plant and 

moved to the then wilds of Seneca coun- 
ty, Ohio, north of Tiffin, where he en- 
tered 820 acres of government land, on 
which not a stick of timber had been cut 
except sufficient to open a winding road 
through the woods from Lower Sandusky 
to Delaware, Ohio. He cleared about 
fifty acres for farming purposes and erect- 
ed a double hewed-log house, a part of 
which was afterward sided up with boards, 
and is still (1S95) standing as one of the 
oldest pioneer landmarks. Six years later 
he sold this land to different parties, 
among whom were the Souders and the 
Stoners, and himself located on 160 acres 
of government land on Green creek, three 
miles east of Lower Sandusky. This was 
in 1826, when the country was a wilder- 
ness, and Indians and wild animals 
roamed the forests in all directions at 
their will. With herculean labor he cut 
the heavy timber from one hundred acres, 
and cleared the land for farming pur- 
poses, using ox-teams and pioneer imple- 

Physically, Mr. Sherwood was a 
heavy-set man, muscular, five feet eight 
inches in height, of light complexion, with 
blue eyes, and in the enjoyment of robust 
health, regarded as one of the most pow- 
erful men in the settlement. He could 
wield an axe or a maul, or drive a yoke 
of oxen at loggings, or plow among roots 
and stumps to pioneer perfection. Among 
his scattered neighbors he was public- 
spirited and progressive, and held the 
offices of school director and township 
clerk for a number of years. In politics 
he was an Old-line Whig, and in religious 
faith a Universalist. His first wife died 
near Tiffin in 1822. For his second wife 
he married Miss Lois Emerson, sister of 
Jesse Emerson, late of Ballville township. 
Mr. Sherwood's death occurred in Au- 
gust, 1846, and he was laid to rest in a 
burial lot on his farm which he had pre- 
viously given to the public for a ceme- 
tery, now known as the Dana Cemetery. 
The children of William D. Sherwood, 



Sen., by his first marriage were: James, 
Mary, Janette, Ruth, Nancy, Joseph, John 
and William D. 

William D. Sherwood, our subject, 
spent his childhood among Indian play- 
mates, and grew up to hard work on his 
father's farm. He helped to set out one 
of the first apple orchards in Sandusky 
county. In 1839 he went to Iowa, then 
a territory, to locate land, and spent a 
year among the Musquaka Indians, whom 
he taught many things, and by whom he 
was a petted hero. He next took a trip 
to Tennessee and Kentucky, to visit his 
brother James, and while there engaged 
in steamboating. In 1845 he returned 
to Ohio, where he married Miss Mary E. 
Scovill, and farmed for his father. In 
the fall of the same year he moved to 
Burlington, Iowa, where for four years 
he assisted his brother, Joseph, to run a 
steamboat wood-yard. In 1849 his wife 
died of cholera, and he then abandoned 
business for a time. In the spring of 
1850 he started for California with a party 
of prospective miners, by the overland 
route. They drove ox-teams, and took a 
herd of cattle with them over the plains 
and mountains and across the rivers, oc- 
cupying six months and one day on their 
journey. They operated gold mines chiefly 
on the Yuba and Feather rivers. In the 
winter of 1853-54 Mr. Sherwood re- 
turned to Fort Seneca, Ohio, where, after 
farming one year, he married Miss Frances 
Elizabeth Harris, daughter of Mark Har- 
ris. In 1856 he engaged in the tanning 
business at Fostoria, and continued there 
until 1861, within which time he held the 
offices of township trustee and mayor of 
the village. At the outbreak of the Civil 
war, in 1861, Mr. Sherwood, as first lieu- 
tenant, joined Company B, Fifty-fifth O. 
V. I., under Col. J. C. Lee, of Tiffin, and 
served with his regiment about a 3"ear, 
when, on account of impaired health, he 
resigned and returned to Fostoria. In 
1865 he came to Fremont, and bought a 
tannery of Jesse S. Van Ness. This he 

worked about two years, when he sold 
out and purchased the property now oc- 
cupied as a parsonage by the pastor of 
St. Ann's Catholic Church, where his 
family resided several years. Here he 
suffered another attack of the gold fever, 
and went on the newly-constructed Union 
Pacific railroad westward as far as he 
could, to Evanston, 300 miles east of 
Salt Lake City, from which place his party 
were obliged to "stage it" to Diamond 
City, a distance of 1,200 miles, crossing 
the Rockies twice, and suffering many 
hardships. In 1870 he returned again to 
Fremont, and for two years, kept the 
" Croghan House" billiard saloon, and for 
one year a saloon on Front street. In 
1874 he sold out, and went again to Cali- 
fornia to engage in mining on the Yuba 
river. He operated a hydraulic mine, at 
great expense, on Slate creek, and sunk 
about ten thousand dollars. Two years 
later he returned to Ohio, and for six 
years kept a saloon on Croghan street, 
Fremont, where the Ncius office is located. 
In the meantime he bought lot 1018, on 
Hayes avenue, which he improved as a 
place of residence. Later he kept a sa- 
loon, two years, on the corner of Garrison 
and Front streets. His second wife died 
October 2, 1884, and on December 26, 1888, 
he married Miss Ida May Hawk, daugh- 
ter of Joseph Hawk, a pioneer of Green 
Creek township. His children by his first 
wife were Alice and John, those by the 
second wife being Norman C, Eugene H., 
and William D. ; those by his third wife 
being Harry Allen and Olive May. 

Mr. Sherwood has held various local 
offices. He has been sanitary policeman, 
health officer, street commissioner, asses- 
sor, and since he quit keeping saloon has 
been janitor of the Union Club room. He 
is a member of the Masonic Fraternity 
and of Eugene Rawson Post, G. A. R. ; 
in politics a Republican, and in religious 
faith a Universalist. A full account of 
his exploits would fill volumes. Though 
past his three score and ten years his 



health is good, his mind clear and his 
memory undimmed; results which he at- 
tributes to the fact that he never used 
tobacco in any form, nor intoxicating 
drinks, nor indulged in gambling, nor in 
any social impurity. 

Norman C. SHER\vooD,treasurer of the 
Trommer Extract of Malt Co., Fremont, 
was born at Fostoria, Ohio, May 17, 

1857, a son of William D. and Frances 
E. (Harris) Sherwood. His childhood 
was spent at Fostoria where he attended 
the village schools, and at the age of eight 
years he came with his parents to Fre- 
mont, where he grew to manhood, mean- 
while attending the cit}- schools. At the 
age of twenty he took a position as book- 
keeper in the above named company, and 
has remained with them, serving in vari- 
ous relations, for a period of more than 
eighteen years, and becoming a stock- 
holder in the same. Being possessed of 
a genial and social nature, he is popular 
in the various social circles of Fremont. 
He has served as chorister of the M. E. 
Church for a number of years very ac- 
ceptably; is a member of the Masonic 
Fraternity, and in politics is a Republi- 
can. On April 19, 1882, he married Miss 
Susan Lewis.who was born November 16, 

1858, at Fremont, Ohio, daughter of B. 
\V. Lewis. Their children are: Charles 
Lewis, Norman Dickinson, Jeannette and 
Norma, all born in Fremont. 

LEVI WOLFE, a farmer of San- 
dusky township Sandusky county, 
was born April 10, 1836, in Union 
county, Penn., a son of Michael 
and Margaret (Engleman) Wolfe, who 
were of German descent. 

Mr. Wolfe's paternal great-grand- 
father was one of three brothers who 
emigrated from Germany to America, and 
served with Washington in the Revolu- 
tionary war, and later settled in Union 
county, Penn. This great ancestor of 

the Wolfe families, from whom our sub- 
ject is descended, died in Union county, 
Penn. , at the age of eighty years. Amongst 
the first settlers in the Buffalo Valley was 
George Wendell Wolfe, who served as a 
private in Capt. Clark's company, Col. 
Patton's regiment, in the Revolutionary 
war, in 1776. He had seven sons: Mich- 
ael, Peter, John (surnamed the strong), 
Jacob, Christian, Leonard and Andrew. 

Michael Wolfe, the eldest, and grand- 
father of our subject, was a man of large 
stature and robust health, as were also 
his father and brothers, who were noted 
for feats of strength. He was a black- 
smith by trade. He married Miss Cath- 
arine Smith, and settled on a farm in 
Union county, Penn., where he died. 
Their children were: George, Margaret, 
Mary, Elizabeth, Abraham, Julia, John, 
Michael (Jr.), and Catharine, of whom 
all except John became heads of families, 
and only three are now living — Elizabeth, 
Julia and Catharine, who are widows. 

Michael Wolfe (Jr.), father of our sub- 
ject, was born August 6, 1809, in Union 
county, Penn., and on January 31, 1833, 
married Miss Margaret Engleman, who 
was born August 17, 1812, in Union 
county, Penn. She was the daughter of 
Solomon and Anna M. (Bruner) Engle- 
man, the former of whom was born Octo- 
ber 2, 1753, in Maryland, the latter on 
December i, 1753, in Lehigh county, 
Penn. They died in Union county, Penn. 
Their children were: Elizabeth, David, 
Amelia, Jonathan, John, Margaret, Rachel 
and Tobias, all of whom became heads 
of families except Jonathan. Of these, 
only Margaret, mother of our subject, is 
now living. In 1843 Mr. and Mrs. Wolfe 
came to Ohio, moving from Pennsylvania 
in a one-horse and a two-horse wagon, 
and located on a farm two miles west of 
Fremont, on Muskallonge creek, in San- 
dusky township. Michael Wolfe had 
twice previously walked and staged the 
distance, a journey of more than four 
hundred miles through the forests. 



The record of the children of Mich- 
ael and Margaret Wolfe is as follows: 
Two sons, one born June 2, 1834, and 
another March 28, 1835, died in infancy. 
Levi, born April 10, 1836, is mentioned 
farther on. Solomon Wolfe, born Feb- 
ruary 8, 1838, was married January 16, 
1862, to Mahala Bowlus, who was born, 
April 21, 1839, and they had five chil- 
dren — George W. (who was killed by a 
traction engine when a young man), 
Rosa, Catharine, Jessiah and Howard; 
they live in Seneca county, Ohio, where 
Solomon Wolfe is a farmer and grain 
thresher; he is a Republican in politics, 
and a member of the M. P. Church. 
Jessiah Wolfe, born February 17, 1840, 
was married May 9, 1867, to Elizabeth 
Loose; they had thrge children — one that 
died in infancy, and Clarence and Monroe; 
they live at Lindsey, Ohio, where Jes- 
siah is engaged in the grain, produce and 
live-stock business. Andrew J. Wolfe, 
born July 19, 1842, married Jemima 
Stults, February 16, 1865 (he is men- 
tioned farther on). One son, born June 
6, 1844, died in infancy. Jane Ellen, 
born May 27, 1845, was married in July, 
1879, to A. D. Hook, of Fremont, Ohio, 
proprietor of a shirt factory; they have 
no children. Catharine Ann, born No- 
vember 29, 1847, was married February 
16, 1 87 1, to William L. Baker, of the 
firm of Engler & Baker, grain and pro- 
duce dealers, of Fremont; they have two 
children — Harry M. and Verna L. Mar- 
garet Savilla, born January 25, 1850, 
was married in 1872 to James D. Hensel, 
a farmer west of Fremont; they had five 
children — two living, Nora and Mabel, 
and three deceased. Two other children 
of Michael Wolfe died in infancy. In the 
spring of 1865 Michael Wolfe moved 
from his farm on the Muskallonge creek 
to his farm on the Western Reserve and 
Maumee pike, to enjoy the fruits of his 
labor and economy, where he lived until 
his death, April 15, 1879. He was ever 
a kind and devoted husband, an affection- 

ate father, always looking after the wel- 
fare of his children, and it is said of Mr. 
Wolfe that he never had an enemy. 

Levi Wolfe, our subject, came with 
his parents from Union county, Penn., 
to Sandusky county, Ohio, when seven 
years of age, and grew to manhood on 
his father's farm. He received his early 
education in the country schools, and 
later attended several terms in the Fre- 
mont schools and at Oberlin College. On 
December 17, 1857, he married Chris- 
tiana M. Lantz, who was born July 31, 
1836, in Northumberland county, Penn., 
daughter of John and Elizabeth (Dieffen- 
bach) Lantz, whose other children were 
Mary Ann, Simon, Nicholas, Rosanna, 
John, Henry, Philip, and Emanuel, all 
of whom came to Ohio about the year 
1846, and settled on a farm in Washing- 
ton township, Sandusky county. In May, 
1864, Mr. Wolfe enlisted in the One 
Hundred and Sixty-ninth Regiment, O. 
V. I., under Col. Nathaniel E. Haynes, 
in Company H, Capt. Jacob D. Thomas, 
and served four months at Fort Ethan 
Allen, Virginia, one of the defences of 
Washington City, when Gen. Early at- 
tempted to take it. Mr. Wolfe was hon- 
orably discharged in September, 1864, and 
resumed farming in Jackson township. 
A year later he removed to the old home 
farm, which he conducted, and also en- 
gaged in grain threshing. He operated 
one of the first steam-threshing machines 
in the county. In 1883 he abandoned 
farming, moved to Fremont, and sold 
farming implements and machinery. In 
1 884 he went to his mother's farm, 
age and care for her, and continued the 
sale of farm machinery. In 1895 he re- 
moved to Fremont, his present residence. 

The children of Levi and Christiana 
Wolfe, which includes two pairs of twins, 
are: (ij Robert Andrew, born October 
31, 1858, who married Miss Jane Druck- 
enmiller, November 6, 1S79, and had si.x 
children — Blanche B., Harry and Clyde, 
who are living, and Claude, Daisie E., 



and James O., deceased. In 1885 the 
family moved upon a prairie farm in 
Edwards county, Kans. (2) Lydia Ce- 
cilia, born February 25, i860, died Feb- 
ruary 17, 1862. (3) Catharine Cadilia, 
born February 25, i860, married Feb- 
ruary 20, 1882, to John J. Stein, whose 
children are — Essie A., Minor W., Mary 
C, and Matilda W. Mr. Stein is a 
butcher by trade. In 1890 he removed 
with his family to Lewisburg, Penn., 
where he had formerly resided, and is at 
present engaged with the Quaker City 
Meat & Provision Company, at Sunbury, 
Penn. (4) Emma Rosanna, born April 
28, 1 86 1, married Elliott T. Fox, Feb- 
ruary 23, 1887, whose children are — Adda 
Corinrie, and George Chester. Soon af- 
ter their marriage Mr. and Mrs. Fox 
moved upon a new prairie farm in Ed- 
wards county, Kans. (5) Ellen Helena, 
born July 19, 1862, who, August 10, 1883, 
married David Swinehart, and whose 
children are — Alva A., and Merrill James. 
Mr. Swinehart lives on his father's farm 
in Washington township. (6) James H., 
born October 31, 1863, married November 
18, 1 89 1, Miss Kate Boyer, of Fremont, 
and has one child, James Robert. J. 
H. Wolfe is assistant secretary of the 
Lehr Agricultural Company, Fremont. 
(7) Chester Edward, born November 28, 
1865, married November 28, 1889, Miss 
Hattie Waggoner, and lives on the Samuel 
Waggoner farm, five miles west of Fre- 
mont. (8) Michael John, born No- 
vember II, 1867, married September 18, 

1889, Miss Minnie Boyer, of Fremont, 
and has one daughter — Corinne W. ; 
M. J. Wolfe is a butcher in the em- 
ploy of the Quaker City Meat & Pro- 
vision Company, Sunbury, Penn., where 
he resides. (9J Margaret Elizabeth, born 
November 11, 1867, married June 26, 

1890, Calvin Benner, a blacksmith, of 
Fremont, and has two sons — James Levi, 
born March 27, 1891, and Robert Rice, 
born January 18, 1894. (10) AddaSavilla, 
born August 5, 1874, marfied, August 8, 

1894, William H. Hensel, a farmer, four 
miles west of Fremont. 

In politics Levi Wolfe is a Republi- 
can, and has held various local offices. 
He has cared kindly for his aged mother 
who has been an almost helpless invalid 
for the last two years, and who has now 
reached the advanced age of eighty-three. 

more than half a century the 
name of Gordon has been closely 
identified with the growth and 
progress of Ottawa county, more particu- 
larly with Salem township. The family 
is of Scotch ancestry on the father's side, 
while the mother is of Yankee parentage. 
The parents and grandparents of our sub- 
ject were natives of Somerset county, 
N. J. The first members of the family 
to settle in Ohio were John and Rachel 
(Smith) Gordon, parents of our subject, 
who removed from Somerset county, N. 
J., in 1 83 1, and located in Salem town- 
ship. After residing here for about six 
months, they removed to Harris town- 
ship, where they remained three years, at 
the end of that time returning to Salem 
township, making it their place of abode 
during the remainder of their lives. They 
were honored and respected people, and 
had a large circle of warm friends. The 
father passed away November 7, 185 1, 
preceded to the grave by the mother, who 
departed this life March 3, 1842. 

In every community various pursuits 
are followed which add to the material 
prosperity of the neighborhood, while ad- 
vancing the interests of the individual. 
Among the worthy representatives of the 
commercial class in Ottawa county, there 
is no one more highly respected than 
Washington Gordon, of Salem township, 
a self-made man, who is now a prosperous 
lumber dealer of Oak Harbor. He was 
born in Harris township, Ottawa Co., 
Ohio, January 9, 1834, and since his in- 
fancy has resided in Salem township, 


^J/ c^^^ (y^i"^ 



beingf to-day one of its oldest residents. 
His educational advantages in early life 
were of a very limited nature, his boyhood 
having been largely occupied with the 
arduous duties that accompany farming in 
a new region. Not wishing, iiowever, to 
engage in agricultural pursuits through 
his entire business career, he turned his 
attention to the manufacture of lumber, 
and is one of the leaders in this line of in- 
dustry in Ottawa county. 

On July 7, 1857, in Portage town- 
ship, Ottawa county, was celebrated the 
marriage of Mr. Gordon and I^fiss Mar- 
garet R3'mers, who was born in Stark 
county, Ohio, January 25, 1834, daugh- 
ter of Frederick and Catherine (William- 
son) Rymers, who came to Ohio, and 
settled in Ottawa county in 1841. By 
this union there were six children: Will- 
iam H., born June 13, 1858, and died 
December 8, i860; Frank, born August 
13, i860, died February 25, 1867; Will- 
iam, born December 15, 1862, now 
prosecuting attorney of Ottawa county 
(on September 12, 1893, he was married 
to Elizabeth Gernhard, who was born 
December 8, 1874, daughter of Conrad 
and Augusta (W^ilke) Gernhard, who 
came from Germany); Eva, born Janu- 
ary 31, 1865, married October 11, 1882, 
to William Bleckner, postmaster at Oak 
Harbor (Mr. Bleckner was born Febru- 
ary 14, 1854); Nora, born June 20, 1867, 
wife of H. A. Kilmer, of Oak Harbor; 
and Harry J., born November 7, 1870, 
now a school teacher. 

Mr. Gordon capably served for many 
years as treasurer of Oak Harbor, for 
four years was county treasurer, was jus- 
tice of the peace three j'ears, and was 
a member of the board of education of 
Oak Harbor, fn all these positions he 
discharged his duties with promptness and 
fidelity, and won the commendation of 
all concerned. Socially, he is connected 
with Oak Harbor Lodge, No. 495, F. & 
A. M. , and in his political affiliations he 
is a stanch advocate of Democratic 

principles. The family attend the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. Mr. Gor- 
don is a man of more than ordinary 
natural abilit}', and has made good use of 
his opportunities in life. With a gener- 
ous sympathy, kindliness, and a desire to 
live an upright and helpful life, he has 
endeared himself to a large circle of 
friends. He has devoted himself to his 
business — pleasure coming as an after 
consideration — and his success, therefore, 
has been but the consequence of a natural 
law. His prosperitj' is well merited, and 
his honorable straightforward career has 
earned for him the prominence he now 
enjoys in the community. 

and importer of thoroughbred 
horses, Fremont, Sandusky coun- 
ty, was born October 25, 1840, in 
Lorraine, France, a son of Francis and 
Elizabeth (Gerber) Spieldenner. The 
father was a native of the same place, 
and a farmer by occupation, fn 1845 he 
emigrated to America with his family, 
and locating in W^ashington township, 
Sandusky Co., Ohio, bought forty acres 
of the forest land, which he cleared up 
for a home. Here he died September 15, 
1850, aged forty-seven years, four months, 
three days, leaving a wife and five chil- 
dren, viz. : Peter, the subject of this 
sketch; Frank, who resides in eastern 
Ohio; Margaret, who married John 
Nomene, and resides in Putnam county, 
Ohio; Elizabeth, who married Peter 
Nomene, and resides in Putnam county, 
Ohio; and John, who lives with his broth- 
er Frank. The mother of this family 
passed away February 28, 1895, at the 
advanced age of eighty years, six months, 
three days. 

After the death of Francis Spielden- 
ner, our subject remained with the family 
to provide and care for them until the 
children were all grown up, on which ac- 
count he was deprived of educational ad- 



vantages, but he mastered the rudiments 
of English and German by private study 
at home. On Ma}" 2, 1865, he was mar- 
ried to Mar\" Snider, and they have two 
children: Fredolina, who married John 
L. Reineck, of Fremont, Ohio, a mem- 
ber of the firm of Hetrick, Bristol & Co., 
dealers in hardware, and Adolph, unmar- 
ried, who lives with his parents. Two 
children died, Johannah at the age of 
seventeen, and one in infancy. Mrs. 
Spieldenner is the daughter of Martin and 
Mary (Flatz) Snider, and was born No- 
vember 19, 1846, in Tyrol, Austria, being 
educated at Wolfurt, near Bregenz. 
^^'hen she was twelve 3'ears old her par- 
ents came to America, and the family set- 
tled in Rice township, Sandusky county, 
Ohio. The mother died on the second 
day after reaching Fremont. The chil- 
dren remained at home until their mar- 
riage, and the father is now living at 
Millersville with his son-in-law, F. Fish- 
er. He was born November 11, 1 806, 
in Austria, and was always a farmer; his 
wife, born in 1809, died June 25, 1859, and 
was buried in Ludwick Cemetery. There 
were fourteen children in the family, six 
of whom are living, one in California and 
the others in Sanduskj' county. Mrs. 
Spieldenner's maternal grandmother. Ma}' 
Ann Grising, was born in Austria about 

After his marriage Peter Spieldenner 
settled on a farm in Ballville township 
and followed agriculture .exclusively for 
about six years; then moved to Sandusky 
township, where he bought eighty-five 
acres of land west of Fremont, just out- 
side the corporation, on which he now 
lives. Upon his removal to this place he 
engaged in buying and shipping live stock 
to Eastern markets, chiefly to Buffalo, 
N. Y. , and a few years later he became 
interested in the breeding of horses, be- 
coming an importer of French stallions. 
He went to France about the year 1882, 
and purchased two Percheron stallions, 
which he brought to Fremont. For sev- 

eral years subsequent to this he devoted 
his attention to the breeding of horses, 
and on a second trip to France he im- 
ported six stallions. While abroad in 
Europe he traveled through Scotland, 
England and parts of France, visiting his 
relatives in Paris. During the last thirty- 
years Mr. Spieldenner has been well 
known in the vicinity of Fremont as a 
popular auctioneer, being able to speak 
both German and English fluently. He 
is a Democrat in politics, and has served 
as trustee of Sandusky township. He 
and his family are members of St. 
Joseph's Catholic Church of Fremont. 

M. D., a successful and thoroughly 
trained medical practitioner of 
Clyde, Sandusky county, was born 
in Holmes county, Ohio, August 14, 1845, 
son of Basil \V. and Elizabeth (Blair) 

The father was born at Danville, Knox 
county, in 1818, and now lives at Mt. 
Vernon, Ohio, a successful retired farmer 
and stock dealer. He bought horses and 
sheep extensively, selling them at Chi- 
cago and in other markets. The pater- 
nal grandfather of B. W. Robinson emi- 
grated from Scotland about the middle of 
the last century, and settled near Harris- 
burg, where he was engaged in general 
merchandising. He died possessed of 
considerable property, and his will is now 
in the possession of B. W. Robinson. 
William Robinson, one of the sons of 
this Scotch emigrant, was a member of 
one of the early legislatures of Ohio. 
Solomon Robinson, another son, father of 
B. W., migrated from Pennsylvania to 
Ohio in 1799 or 1800. He had eleven 
children, the eldest of whom was born in 
Ohio in 1801. Solomon Robinson died 
of apoplexy in his eighty-sixth year on 
the farm he had cleared near Mt. \'ernon. 
Only three of his children survive: Dan- 
iel, of Lima; Mrs. Brooks, of Newark; 



and B. W. The latter is a Republican 
in politics; and a member of the Baptist 
Church. His wife, Elizabeth Blair, was 
born in Ashland county, Ohio, in 1821, 
and died in 1889. Her father was a 
Scotch emigrant; her maternal grand- 
mother was stolen from Ireland by a 
brother, and educated in America. The 
mother of Elizabeth Blair is said to have 
been the first white child born west of the 
Ohio river. When a child, during the 
early Indian troubles, she witnessed, 
through a crack in the stockade, the mas- 
sacre of her brother — twenty-one years 
old — and of her sister — two years younger 
— both victims of the tomahawks and 
scalping knives of the savages. B. W. 
and Elizabeth Robinson had five chil- 
dren, four of whom lived to maturity, as 
follows: Rovilla, who married John God- 
frey Jones, a Methodist minister, and a 
graduate of Kenj-on College, and now re- 
sides near Portsmouth; Laurel Elmer, 
subject of this sketch; Winfield Scott, a 
physician, who was educated at Mt. Ver- 
non, Ohio, and Philadelphia, Penn., and 
who died in 1893; R. J., also a physician, 
now deceased; and one child that died in 

Laurel Elmer Robinson was educated 
at Mt. Vernon. In 1868 he entered the 
U. S. regular army as hospital steward 
for a term of five years, passing a strict 
technical examination before his appoint- 
ment could be made effective. From this 
service Dr. Robinson received great pro- 
fessional benefit. He was stationed in 
Arizona during the Indian troubles of 
1870, and in his professional capacity was 
often under fire from the savages. His 
hat brim was once shot off, and bullets 
several times pierced his clothing. He 
was under Gen. Crook's command, and 
not infrequently prescribed medicine for 
this unassuming commander, but brilliant 
Indian fighter. Retiring from the army 
service. Dr. Robinson completed a course 
of study at Rush Medical College, gradu- 
ating with the class of 1874. He prac- 

ticed two years at Mt. Vernon with his 
brother, R. J., then three years at Re- 
public, Seneca county, and in 1S79 set- 
tled permanently at Clyde, where he has 
since built up a large practice. Dr. Rob- 
inson was married at Mt. Vernon, in 
1876, to Miss Cora B. McElroy, and four 
children have been born to them — How- 
ard, Lester, Carl and Russell; the latter 
died in June, 1894, aged two years and 
six months. Dr. Robinson is a member 
of the Sandusky County Medical Society, 
and in politics he is a Republican. 

SB. TAYLOR, M. D., physician 
and surgeon, Fremont, Sandusky 
county, has been engaged in the 
practice of medicine for thirty 
years. He was born at Lower Sandusky, 
Ohio, March 19, 1844, son of Austin B. 
and Delia A. (Pettibone) Taylor. His 
father was born in Newfane, Vt., in 18 14, 
and at the age of twenty-four came to 
Lower Sandusky, Ohio, to clerk for Sardis 
Birchard, of the firfn of Birchard, Dick- 
inson & Grant, whom he afterward suc- 
ceeded in business, and was one of the 
pioneer merchants of the village. He 
died February 22, 1863. Dr. Taylor's 
mother was born in Granby, Conn., in 
1822, daughter of Hon. Hiram Pettibone, 
a native of Connecticut, who in 1836 
came to Lower Sandusky, and was one 
of its first attorneys. He died at Fond 
du Lac, Wis., in 1886; his wife died at 
Fremont in 1854. Mrs. Taylor died in 
1888, at Fremont, Ohio. 

The children of Austin B. and Delia 
A. Taylor were: Mary, who died in 1857, 
at the age of fourteen; Sardis B., our 
subject; Charles, who died in Dunlap, 
Iowa, in 1891; George, who died in At- 
tica, Harper Co., Kans. , in 1891; Oscar 
W. , who died in Dunlap, Iowa, in 1891; 
Austin B., who resides at Dunlap, Iowa; 
and Delia, who is a teacher of German 
in the Fremont public schools (Miss 



Taylor is a graduate of Wells College, 

Dr. S. B. Taylor was reared in Fre- 
mont, there receiving his primary educa- 
tion in the public schools, and subse- 
quently passed through the Preparatory 
Department of Western Reserve College, 
at Hudson, Ohio. He then commenced 
the study of medicine at Cleveland, Ohio, 
under Dr. S. R. Beckwith, and later en- 
tered Cleveland Medical Institute, from 
which he graduated with the class of 
1864. He afterward attended Starling 
Medical College, Columbus, Ohio, from 
which he graduated with the class of 
1872. He began the practice of his pro- 
fession in 1864, in the capacity of assist- 
ant-surgeon of the One Hundred and 
Sixty-ninth Regiment, O. V. I., at Fort 
Ethan Allen, Va. , and since that time he 
has been in constant practice at Fremont, 
Ohio. He was physician at the County 
Infirmary from 1868 to 1872, and he is 
now president of the Sandusky County 
Soldiers' Relief Commission, and a mem- 
ber of the Sandusky County Medical 
Society, of which he was the first libra- 
rian. Dr. Taylor is a member of Dick- 
inson Tent No. 21, K. O. T. M., of 
which he has been physician, and a mem- 
ber of Eugene Rawson Post No. 32, 
G. A. R. , numbering 170 members, of 
which he has been surgeon for twelve 
years. He was aide-de-camp to the G. 
A. R. for Sandusky county in 1890. He 
is a Democrat in politics. Dr. Taylor is 
a lineal descendant, great-grandson, of 
Brig. -Gen. Chauncey Pettibone, who 
served in the Revolutionary war. 

ilies have honored the memory of 
an illustrious line of English ancestry 
more than has the Rawson family in 
Sandusky county, Ohio. Depending 
wholly upon their own exertions, each has 
left the impress of his life and character 
upon the history of the community in 

which he lived and labored. As an honored 
representative of the Rawsons we present 
the one whose name opens this article. 

Joseph L. Rawson, surveyor, was 
born in Fremont, Ohio, in 1835, a son of 
Dr. L. Q. and Sophia (Beaugrand) Raw- 
son, the former of English and the lat- 
ter of French descent. Dr. Rawson was 
a native of Irving, Franklin Co., Mass., 
born September 4, 1804, a son of Lemuel 
Rawson, who was also a native of Massa- 
chusetts, born January 18, 1767. Lemuel 
Rawson was a tanner by trade until 181 2, 
after which he was a farmer; he was mar- 
ried on September 8, 1 791, to Miss Sarah 
Barrus, and after farming successively at 
Orange, New Salem and Irving Grant, 
Mass., until 1836, came to Bath, Summit 
Co., Ohio, where he remained until Sep- 
tember 20, 1844, when his wife died, and 
he then removed to Lower Sandusky. 
Their children were: Sallie Rawson, 
who was first married to Capt. Jesse 
Thompson, and after his death to Mr. B. 
Hubbard, who settled in Putnam county, 
Ohio; she died October 15, 1853. Lemuel, 
born December 14, 1793, died October 6, 
1866; he settled on the Rawson farm, in 
South Orange, Mass. Secretary Rawson, 
who practiced medicine in Summit county, 
Ohio, forty-two years, after which he 
went to DesMoines, Iowa, where he died 
in 1 891, aged ninety-five years; he was a 
member of the Presbyterian Church. 
Elizabeth, twin of Secretary, died when 
two years old. Abel Rawson, an attorney 
at law of Tiffin, Ohio, died in 1871. Bass 
Rawson, who was a hatter by trade, and 
later a physician and surgeon of Findlay, 
Hancock Co., Ohio; he died in 1891, 
aged ninety-two years. Hannah Rawson, 
wife of John Galbraith, of Seneca county, 
Ohio; she died in September, 1867. L. 
Q., father of our subject. Alonzo Raw- 
son, who published a weekly paper at 
Athol, Mass. , called the Freedom Sentinel, 
until 1833, when he came to Tiffin, Ohio, 
and published the Independent Clironiele 
two years; after this he engaged for a 



time in mercantile pursuits, and then 
studied and practiced medicine; he died at 
Colton, Ohio, November 25, 1864, aged 
fifty-eight years. 

Dr. L. Q. Rawson was reared and 
educated in Massachusetts, and in 1824 
attended a medical college at Cincinnati, 
Ohio. He began the practice of medi- 
cine in 1825, in Wyandot county, and in 
1826 came to Lower Sandusky, whence 
after a brief stay he then went east and en- 
tered the Medical College of the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, where he finished 
his education and received the degree of 
M. D. ; he returned to Sandusky county, 
and continued in the practice of his pro- 
fession until 1855. He held various of- 
fices of honor and trust in his community, 
for a time serving as clerk of courts, and 
also as clerk of the supreme court from 
iS36toi85i. From 1853 he devoted 
part of his time to the building of the 
Lake Erie & Western railroad, of which 
he was president several years. The 
town of Rawson was named after him, 
as was also Rawson avenue, Fremont. 
He was considered a man of good finan- 
cial ability and force of character. On July 
8, 1S29, Dr. Rawson was married to 
Miss Sophia Beaugrand, at Lower San- 
dusky (now Fremont), Ohio, who was 
born October 20, 18 10, a daughter of 
John B. Beaugrand, one of the early 
pioneers of the Black Swamp, who was 
a merchant at Maumee from 1 802 to 1 8 1 2 . 
He had married in 1802, at Detroit, 
Mich., Miss Margaret Chabert, daughter 
of Col. Chabert de Joucaire, of the 
French army. Dr. L. O. Rawson died at 
Fremont, in September, 1888, and his 
wife in May, 1882. Their children were: 
Milton E., a physician, who graduated 
from Cleveland Medical College, practiced 
medicine in Grand Haven and Muskegon, 
Mich., and at Fremont, Ohio; Xavier J., 
who died in infancy; Joseph L. , whose 
name opens this sketch; Josephine, who 
died in childhood; Roxine H., born in 
1838, and died in 1846; Eugene A., born 

March 14, 1840, a soldier of the Civil 
war, who died July 22, 1864, and after 
whom a G. A. R. Post is named (he 
enlisted in the Twelfth New York In- 
fantry, was transferred in December, 
1 86 1, to the Seventy-second Regiment, 
O. V. I., with the rank of adjutant, and 
soon afterward received the rank of major 
which he held up to the time of his 
death. He participated in the battles of 
Shiloh, first Bull Run, siege of Corinth, 
Vicksburg, and other engagements of less 
note. During a skirmish near Guntown, 
Miss., July 15, 1864, he received a wound 
which resulted in his death a week later, 
at Memphis, Tenn.); and EstelleS., born 
March 2, 1849, wife of L. A. Russell, of 
Cleveland, Ohio. 

Joseph L. Rawson was reared and 
educated in Fremont, and occasionally 
performed farm labor. He took up civil 
engineering, which he followed for a time, 
and for about ten years also had charge 
of a grain elevator at the docks in Fre- 
mont. In September, 1859, he married 
Miss Margaret A. Gelpin, of Fremont, 
Ohio, whose parents were Lyman and 
Martha (Stevenson) Gelpin, the former 
from New York State, the latter from 
Maryland, both having come to the 
Western Reserve at an early day, where 
they died. To our subject and wife were 
born three children: Sophia E., born 
July 4, i860, wife of Theodore Harris, a 
merchant of Tecumseh, Mich., who has 
one child, Jennie May; Jennie A., born 
February 7, 1863, wife of Dr. O. H. 
Thomas, of Fremont, Ohio, and La 
Quinio G., born October 28, 1871, an 
attorney at law of Cleveland, Ohio, who 
read law with James H. Fowler, Fre- 
mont, attended the Cincinnati Law 
School, from which he graduated, stand- 
ing fifth in a class of ninety-seven, and 
was admitted to the bar in 1891. 

Our subject is a Republican in 
politics; his family are members of the 
St. Paul's Episcopal Church. The Raw- 
son family is of English ancestry, being 



descended from Edward Rawson, who 
came to the Colony of Massachusetts, in 
1636-37, and settled at Newbury, Mass. 
Some of the family line were ministers, 
some sea captains, and others physicians. 
The family have a coat of arms traced 
back to England, and a well-written 
book of family genealogy. 


RAWSON. Prominent among 
the patriotic and brave young 
men of Sandusky county, who 
voluntarily sacrificed their lives on the 
altar of their country during the Civil war, 
1861-65, was he whose name introduces 
this article. 

While a student at Homer, N. Y., and 
just about finishing his academic course 
preparatory to entering Yale College, he 
promptly responded to Abraham Lincoln's 
first call for volunteers by enlisting in the 
Twelfth New York Regiment. In the 
capacity of private he took a noble part 
in the battle of Bull Run, evincing great 
coolness and bravery. In December, 
1 86 1, he was appointed adjutant of the 
Seventy-second Reginent O. V. I., by the 
governor of Ohio, and was accordingly 
transferred to it by the War Department. 
He left Fremont with the regiment in 
January, 1862, when it moved to Camp 
Chase, preparatory to going to its final 
destination — Paducah and the Southwest. 
He shared its perils after it joined the 
army of the Tennessee, and moved down 
the Mississippi to Pittsburg Landing. 
Many boys of the regiment were sick with 
the diseases peculiar to that Southern 
climate, and Mr. Rawson's natural buoy- 
ancy of spirit and cheerful sprightly man- 
ner did no little to drive away despond- 
ency. A few incidents will give an idea 
of his bravery. On Friday preceding the 
battle of Shiloh, at the head of Company 
B, Adjutant Rawson, with forty men, 
having only a fallen tree for their breast- 
work, kept six hundred Rebel cavalry in 

check for several hours, until relieved by 
the timely arrival of Col. Buckland. 
When the battle opened on Sunday 
morning, April 6th, and the Rebels came 
like an avalanche upon the unsuspecting 
Union troops, Buckland's brigade re- 
sponded to the beat of the "long roll" 
with such alacrity that they stood in the 
very front of Sherman's Division, ready 
for action, before the enemy had gained 
rifle distance of their position. Col. R. 
P. Buckland being in command of the 
brigade, the command of the regiment 
devolved upon Lieut. -Col. Canfield, and 
as Major Crockett, the only other field 
officer of the regiment had been taken 
prisoner two days previous, Adjutant 
Rawson, by common consent assumed 
the duties of major for the occasion. At 
the first or second fire, Lieut. -Col. Can- 
field fell mortally wounded, and Adjutant 
Rawson alone remained to command the 
regiment, and cheer the boys who stood 
steadfast amid the storm of leaden hail 
that mowed through their ranks, until 
Col. Buckland, seeing their extremity, 
came to their relief. The horse of Adj. 
Rawson was shot from under him, and 
another that had been sent for him was 
captured before it reached him, but he 
performed his duties promptly and effi- 
ciently on foot. He distinguished himself 
later in the three-da3's' fight at Pittsburg 
Landing, at the siege of Corinth, in the 
pursuit of Forrest through Tennessee, in 
the marches, skirmishes and battles from 
Memphis to Vicksburg, in the pursuit of 
Johnson, under Sherman, to Jackson, in 
the return to Memphis, and in the expe- 
dition into Mississippi. 

After the Seventy-second had re-en- 
listed as veterans, and after the main body 
composing Sherman's expedition had 
moved southward, a small force of about 
1,600 men was sent out on the venture- 
some expedition of making a feint into the 
enemy's country, where they were hold- 
ing a position on the bank of the Talla- 
hatchie to intercept and defeat the cross- 



ing of reinforcements moving to the sup- 
port of Sherman. Of this small force, 
the Seventy-second regiment, under Lieut. - 
Col. Eaton and Maj. Rawson formed a 
part. The latter officer had been pro- 
moted by common consent to the rank of 
major, and performed his part of the un- 
dertaking with rare good judgment and 
intrepidity. From the badly managed 
expedition of which the Seventy-second 
regiment formed a part, which was sent 
out from Memphis under Gen. Sturgis, 
and which ended so sadly at Guntown and 
Ripley, in Mississippi, Maj. Rawson 
reached Memphis with such of the officers 
and men as were saved from the general 
disaster; marching over eighty miles with- 
out food or rest, in less than forty-eight 
hours. The Seventy-second regiment 
acted as a rearguard to the fleeing troops, 
and valiantly beat back the pursuing foe 
until out of ammunition and having their 
supply train destroyed b}' the Rebels, 
when they were at last forced to make 
good their escape by flight after 250 of 
their men had been captured. Scarcely 
rested from this scene of suffering, the 
Seventy-second regiment, under Maj. 
Rawson, started again, under. Gen. A. J. 
Smith, to encounter the same foe. Com- 
ing up to the enemy at Tupelo, Miss., 
Afaj. Rawson was mortally wounded at 
Old Town Creek, while gallantly leading 
a charge against the Rebel lines. He 
was borne from the field and conveyed 
back to Memphis, where he died July 22, 
1864, aged twenty-four years. His re- 
mains were embalmed and sent home to 
Fremont, Ohio, where with appropriate 
ceremonies they were interred in Oak 
Wood Cemeterj'. Resolutions of respect 
were adopted by the remaining officers of 
the regiment, and forwarded for publica- 
tion to the Press of Sandusky county. 
In the year 1881, the first organization of 
the Grand Army of the Republic, at Fre- 
mont, was named after Maj. Eugene Al- 
len Rawson, and among its charter mem- 
bers were Gen. R. P. Buckland and Gen. 

R. B. Hayes, the latter of whom donated 
the use of Birchard Hall to the Post, free, 
as long as they shall maintain their organi- 

Major Rawson was the son of Dr. La 
Ouinio and Sophia (Beaugrand) Rawson, 
and was born at Fremont, Ohio, March 
14, 1S40. While absent from his regi- 
ment on furlough, August 31, 1863, he 
married Miss Jennie Snyder, an amiable 
and accomplished lady of Cortland, New 

JD. BEMIS, M. D., is a native of 
Ohio, born in Elyria, March 14, 
1858, a son of Eri and Lydia A. 
(Griswold) Bemis, the former of 
whom was a well-to-do farmer of Lorain 
county until the breaking out of the Civil 
war. At that time, fired with the spirit 
of patriotism, he gave his services to the 
government, for the preservation of the 
Union, by enlisting, in August, 1862, in 
Company E, First Ohio Light Artillery 
(Edgerton's Battery), in which he bravely 
served until he died at Nashville, Tenn., 
July 13, 1863; his remains were sent 
home to Elyria for burial. The mother 
of our subject also died in comparatively 
early life, leaving four children, namely: 
Charles, who lives in Elyria, Ohio; H. 
E. , in California; Dr. J. D. ; and Clara, 
now the wife of C. W. Benton, of Elyria, 

The subject of these lines after the 
death of his parents was placed in care 
of his uncle, Dr. Griswold, of Elyria, 
Lorain county, and attended the schools 
of that city until he was about nine years 
of age, when he was received into the Sol- 
diers and Sailors Orphans home, at 
Xenia, Ohio (of which institution his 
uncle had just been appointed superin- 
tendent), remaining there until he was 
thirteen years old. This brings us now 
to 1 87 1, at which time our subject re- 
ceived, at the hands of Lieut. -Gov. J. C. 
Lee, the appointment of bill-room mes- 


senger for the Ohio Senate, in which ca- 
pacity he served two years. During the 
State Constitutional Convention, 1873-74, 
he was appointed page,' and later he filled 
the office of assistant sergeant-at-arms, 
under appointment from M. R. Waite, 
president of the convention, and after- 
ward chief justice of the United States. 
In 1S74-75 Dr. Bemis attended Baldwin 
Universit}', and from there returned to 
Elyria, where he pursued the study of 
medicine in the office of Dr. Perry, having 
previously studied at intervals with the 
aid of his uncle's medical library. From 
Dr. Perry's office he went, in 1876, to 
the Eclectic Medical Institute, Cincin- 
nati (Ohio), graduating thereat in 1879, 
and then came to Fremont, where he at 
once commenced the practice of his 
chosen profession, and, as a hard student 
of advanced ideas in both medicine and 
surgery, has placed himself in the fore- 
most rank of skilled practitioners in the 

In 1892 the Doctor was elected health 
officer for the city of Fremont, and is at 
present filling the incumbency with his 
proverbial skill and efficiency, the quality 
of which is well evidenced by the present 
high sanitary condition of the city. In 
1892 he was appointed a member of the 
United States Board of Pension Examin- 
ing Surgeons, and has been its secretary 
since 1893. 

iarly known as "Judge dem- 
ons," one of the most prominent 
citizens of Ottawa county, was 
born in Erie county, Ohio, December 15, 
1 829, and is a son of Alexander and Ange- 
line (Hollister) demons, the former a 
native of Maine, the latter of Connecticut. 
They were of Scotch ancestry on the ma- 
ternal side, but the demons family, as far 
as known, originated on the Isle of Guern- 
sey, where two little boys, Isaac and 
John demons, were stolen while on their 

way to school, and brought to America, 
locating at Salem, Mass. , in the early 
part of the eighteenth century. 

Our subject is descended from Isaac, 
who afterward located in the State of 
Maine, and became the father of two 
sons — Edward and John. The former 
had four sons — Jock, Samuel, Jabez, and 
Frank — and these four brothers removed 
to Madison, N. Y. , in 1795. The first 
named became the father of three sons 
and two daughters. Samuel had one son 
and two dughters; Jabez, two sons and 
three daughters; Frank had three daugh- 
ters. Jabez became the father of David 
demons, the father of the celebrated 
humorist, who is best known to the world 
as Mark Twain. John, the brother of Ed- 
ward, had three sons and three daughters, 
namely: John, Jonathan, Eli, Ruth, 
Hannah and Eunice. John wedded Mary 
McLellan, of Gorham, Maine, and their 
children were — Car}', Andrew, Alexander, 
John, Eunice, Ai, Elijah, Nancy, Samuel 
and William. Ruth, a sister of the father 
of this family, became the wife of Col. 
Charles Wadsworth, son of Gen. Peleg 
Wadsworth, of Revolutionary fame, and 
the brother of the mother of Henry 
Wadsworth Longfellow. Hannah mar- 
ried William Cotton. The mother of 
John demons, and the great-grandmother 
of our subject, was Abigail Wetherbee, 
who lived to be one hundred and four 
years old, and left one hundred and sixty- 
four descendants. 

Alexander demons, father of our sub- 
ject, was born in Hiram, Maine. February 
II, 1794, and was a cabinet maker by 
trade, but after locating in Ottawa county 
engaged in stone quarrying. He was one 
of the best known and most prominent 
men of his day. He was married February 
11,1824, to Almira Angeline Hollister, who 
was born in Glastonburg, Conn., April 5, 
1806. Their children were: Winslow, 
born in Sandusky, Ohio, December 29, 
1824; Milo, born April 6, 1827, and died 
i March C, i888;William Alexander;Phineas 

^^^;^ ^^H^rMi 


Harrison, born February i6, 1832; Sarah, 
born March 4, 1S34; Frances, born April 
6, 1836; Myron Elijah, born February 
25, 1838; Albert Alonzo, born April 9, 
1840; Lucian Monroe, born November 
28, 1S41; Lester Newton, who was born 
in 1843, and died March 5, 1846; Lucia 
Louise, who was born in December, 
1844, and died November 20, 1849; Hub- 
bard Mortimer, born March 27, 1848; Ai 
Jay, born June 17, 1850; Eunice, who 
died March 6, 1888; and one son who 
died in infancy. 

When our subject was three years old 
he was brought by his parents to Dan- 
bury township, Ottawa county, and he is 
to-day an honored pioneer whose resi- 
dence covers a period of sixty-three years. 
His father passed away March 12, 
1886, his mother on March 24, 1861. 
William obtained a limited education in 
the district schools, and then worked in 
his father's quarry, after which he en- 
gaged in business for several years with 
his brothers, but later was associated with 
no partner. Since 1891 he has lived re- 
tired, enjoying a rest which he truly 
earned and well deserves. 

Mr. Clemons was married at Marble- 
head Lighthouse, January i, 1856, to 
Alvira V., daughter of J. B. and Arvilla 
(Knapp) Keyes, the former a native of 
New York, the latter of Vermont. Her 
father was born May 8, 181 5, was a sea- 
faring man, and for several years light- 
house keeper, at Marblehead. He was 
married December 24, 1834, to Mrs. 
Arvilla Wolcott, who was born Septem- 
ber 21, 1 8 10, and February 21, 1830, 
married William B. Wolcott. In her 
family were eight children: Harrison W. 
born February 21, 1831; Mary E., born 
December 20, 1832, and Arvilla A., born 
April 21, 1835, all three now deceased; 
Alvira V., born September 17, 1837; 
Charles M., born October 28, 1840, now 
living in Sandusky City; Thomas J., born 
December 28, 1842, is at Berlin Heights, 
Ohio; Jane Ellen, born March 2 1, 1845, 

died in infancy, and Jennie V., born Sep- 
tember 5, 1846, now the widow of Hor- 
ace Pond, of Elyria. The father died 
July 20, 1 891, the mother on June 8, 

Our subject and his wife have had 
twelve children, as follows: Ada V., born 
February 16, 1857, now the wife of 
Richard Coorty, a prominent merchant 
of Marblehead; Arvilla C. , born March 
I, i860, and died December 3, 1869; 
Cora A., born April 19, 1862; Sarah E., 
born July 12, 1864; James A., born 
August 29, 1866, a merchant of Marble- 
head; Charles B., born August 22, 1868, 
now a member of the crew of the Mar- 
blehead life-saving station; Francis J., of 
Marblehead, born April 12, 1870; Harry 
R. , born November 12, 1872; Clarence 
M. , and Clement M. , born June 1 7, 1 874, 
and died in infancy; Walter L. , born 
July 26, 1876; and Erie May, born Feb- 
ruary 21, 1879 

In his political views, Mr. Clemons is 
a Republican. His business enterprises 
have been generally successful, and by in- 
dustry, integrity and perseverance he has 
accumulated a snug fortune, and to-day 
is in a position to enjoy the rest which he 
has so well earned. He has lived in Mar- 
blehead for si.xty-three years, and has ap- 
plied himself to business pursuits unfalter- 
ingly, never failing to discharge his pe- 
cuniary obligations, and his business rec- 
ord is without a blemish. Most of the 
pioneers of the county have passed to 
their long homes, yet they were men of 
sterling integrity who left the impress of 
their individuality upon the community 
with which they were identified. The 
log cabins of the early settlers, in which 
all received a hearty welcome, have dis- 
appeared, and in their place stand hand- 
some and imposing residences. Where 
once there was nothing but a dense forest 
there are now well-cultivated farms and 
fruit orchards, and most of this change 
has taken place within the memory of 
Mr. Clemons. The good old pioneer days 


have passed, but he well remembers the 
generosity and helpfulness which charac- 
terized the early settlers. He was fav- 
ored with but few advantages in his youth, 
yet he made the most of his opportuni- 
ties, and is known as a straightforward 
business man, a public-spirited and pro- 
gressive citizen, an affectionate husband 
and kind father, and a trusted friend and 
neighbor whose example is well worthy of 

ELIJAH CULBERT, who has been 
a resident of Sandusky township, 
Sandusky count}', for the past 
several years, is a native of Ire- 
land, born August 9, 1821, in the city of 
Belfast, County Antrim. 

William Culbert, grandfather of our 
subject, was born in County Donegal, 
Ireland, and was there married to Sophia 
Greer, of the same nativity, by whom he 
had four children, as follows: David (our 
subject's father); Sophia, who married 
Hugh Patton, and died in Belfast; Mary, 
who married William Ross (they both also 
passed away in Belfast); and Andrew, 
who was drowned about the year 1830 at 
Belfast. The parents both died in that 
city. The family are of Scotch descent, 
the father of William Culbert having 
migrated from Scotland to the North of 

David Culbert, eldest son of William 
and Sophia (Greer) Culbert, and father of 
Elijah, was born in County Donegal, Ire- 
land, removing to Belfast with his father's 
family. He was a wholesale and retail 
merchant in glass, oils and colors. In his 
native land he married Eleanor Patton, 
who was born in Newtownards, County 
Down, Ireland, and a record of the chil- 
dren of this union is as follows: David, 
born January, 181 7, died July, 1888, at 
Southampton, County of Bruce, Upper 
Canada (now Province of Ontario); Will- 
iam, born October 23, 1819, died in 
Toronto, Canada, July 16, 1893; Elijah, 

who is the subject proper of this sketch, 
comes next; Mary, born in 1823, died in 
Belfast, Ireland, in 1828; Sophia, born 
in 1825, was married in 1857 to John 
Moore, and died in Lindsay, Canada, in 
1877; Thomas, born August 12, 1828, 
died December 20, 1877, at Cape Croker, 
County of Bruce, Upper Canada (now 
Province of Ontario); Isaac Cookson, 
born in 1830, died in Lindsay, Canada, 
November, 1856; Mary Amelia, born 
January 19, 1834, in Lindsay, Canada, 
died September 12, 1855, in Toronto, 
Canada. All the others were in the city 
of Belfast, Ireland, and on April 26, 1833, 
the family set sail for the New World, 
Little York, Upper Canada (now the city 
of Toronto, Ontario), being their destina- 
tion. From there, after a brief sojourn, 
they moved to Lindsay, County of Vic- 
toria, where the mother died May 6, 
1853, the father on Good Friday, 1856. 
He was a man of mark in his day, and 
while a resident of Lindsay held four 
commissions under the Canadian govern- 
ment, to wit: commissioner of the Court 
of Queen's Bench; commissioner of the 
Court of Requests; justice of the peace 
(under commission from the Governor 
General of Canada); and postmaster at 
Lindsay, holding all the offices up to the 
time of his death. 

Elijah Culbert, of whom this memoir 
more particularly relates, was a lad of 
twelve summers when he accompanied 
the rest of his father's family across the 
ocean. On April 30, 1846, he was mar- 
ried at Port Hope, Canada, to Miss Eliza 
Day, Rev. John Genley officiating; in 
1848 he moved to Lindsay, where he re- 
sided nine years, and then left Canada 
for the United States, making his first 
home under the Stars and Stripes at East 
Hamburg, Erie Co. , N. Y. From there 
he, in 1859, removed to Fremont, San- 
dusky Co., Ohio, where he engaged in 
the nursery business for a short time, or 
until his enlistment in the Union army 
during the Civil war, an account of which 



will presently be given. Since his dis- 
charge from the army in June, 1865, he 
has been engaged more or less in agricul- 
tural pursuits. 

To Elijah and Eliza (Day) Culbert 
were born ten children, as follows: (i) 
Eleanor Jane, born in Toronto, Canada, 
March 2, 1847, died in Lindsay, Canada, 
September 2, 1848. (2) Sophia Eliza- 
beth, born in Lindsay, Canada, January 

21, 1849, graduated from the Fremont 
(Ohio) public schools, and is a teacher in 
the Fremont Grammar Schools of twenty- 
five years' standing. (3) Thomas Andrew, 
born in Lindsay, Canada, July 5, 1851, 
died at the same place, March 7, 1853. 
(4) Samuel James, born in Lindsay, July 

22, 1853, married Margaret Conly, and 
has three children — Gracie, Walter, and 
one whose name is not given (he lives in 
Michigan). (5) John Patton, also born in 
Lindsay, Canada, September i, 1855, 
died in Ballville township, Sandusky Co. , 
Ohio, November 13, 1893; he married 
Lena Cook, and has six children — Jessie, 
Eva, George W. , Wilbur, Susan and 
Lula. (6) Letitia Emily, born in Lind- 
say, Canada, September 2, 1857, was 
married, in 1880, to John Nickles, by 
whom she had the following children — 
Lottie, Maud, Lucy E., Helen S., Addie 
E., Walter W., and Ruth, the last named 
dying August li, 1894. (7) Charles 
Henry, born in Ballville township, San- 
dusky Co., Ohio, December 24, 1859, 
and died unmarried, December 10, 1889, 
in Sandusky township. (8) Albert Ed- 
ward, born in Ballville township, San- 
dusky Co., Ohio, March 27, 1862, married 
Mary Rose, and has three children — 
Chester, Stella and Ralph P. (9) Mary 
Eleanor, born in Ballville township, San- 
dusky Co., Ohio, January 15, 1866, and 
is still living at home, single. (10) Edgar 
Augustus, born in Sandusky township, 
Sandusky Co., Ohio, June 25, 1868. 

]Var record of Elijah Culbert is as 
follows, from his own graphic pen: "On 
September 7, 1863, I enlisted at Fre- 

mont, Ohio, in Company I, Twelfth O. 
V. C, for three years or during the war. 
My regiment belonged to the Fourth Cav- 
alry Brigade, Twenty-third Corps, Army of 
the Cumberland. I participated in three 
battles, the first being at Mt. Sterling, 
Ky. , when we encountered Gen. John 
Morgan, Gen. Marmaduke and others. The 
engagement commenced in the early morn- 
ing of Thursday, June 9, 1864, and con- 
tinued until 9 A. M. ; at 10 A. m. Morgan 
was reinforced and the fight was renewed, 
lasting till 3 p. M., Morgan being defeated 
in both engagements, and terribly used 
up. On the Ticktown pike his dead lay 
like ranks of cordwood, presenting a hor- 
rible sight such as I wish never to set eyes 
on again. At 3:30 p. m. the Rebels start- 
ed for Lexington, Ky., twenty-six miles 
from Mt. Sterling, and there plundered 
the stores and banks, besides looting the 
government corrals of the best horses 
and mules they could lay their hands on, 
destroying the remainder. Our division 
lay at Mt. Sterling that afternoon and 
night, on the following morning proceed- 
ing to Lexington, Morgan's rear guard 
leaving that city just as our advance 
guard was entering it. At this time we 
were under Gen. Burbridge, who for some 
reason halted our division on the main 
street, keeping the men standing at their 
horses heads all day. At night we pur- 
sued the Rebels, and reached Paris about 
sunrise Saturday morning, June 11, where 
we remained all day; the following night 
found us riding to C3'nthiana, overtaking 
Morgan on the morning of June 12, with 
whom we had another stubborn tussel, 
again defeating him. This was Morgan's 
last fight, for we slew and took prisoners 
a great number of his men; most of the 
remainder sought safety in the mountains, 
while Morgan himself and his generals 
fled to Tennessee, where he was after- 
ward betrayed by a woman and killed. 

"My third and last engagement oc- 
curred on Sunday, October 2, 1864, at 
Saltville, Va., when we fought against 



Gens. Early, Breckenridge, Roberts, 
Jackson and others. It looked as if the 
mountains were covered with the Con- 
federate soldiers, so vast was their num- 
ber, at least five to one of us. We ex- 
pected to be reinforced by Gen. Gillam, 
bdt his corps did not arrive in time; 
however, we kept the enemy at bay all 
day, and at night our division retreated. 
Our officers detailed men to light fires on 
the mountains and the Rebels thought 
they had us all ' bagged, ' but our men 
got safely away. The Eleventh Michi- 
gan Cavalry was rear guard at first, on 
this retreat, and next day fought like 
good fellows, but were unable to check 
the enemy, who were now in full pursuit, 
and Gen. Gillam then ordered the Twelfth 
Ohio Cavalry to act as rear guard. In 
this engagement I, among hundreds of 
others, was taken prisoner, and we were 
at first confined in an old shed at 
Fort Breckenridge, Saltville, six days, 
where we were stripped of our boots and 
clothing, and fed on nothing but a little 
flour once a day. On the night of Octo- 
ber 8. a bitterly cold night, we were 
hustled off, half-naked as we were, to 
Glade Springs, eight miles distant, where 
we changed cars for Lynchburg, but had 
to wait several hours for the train, during 
which time we tramped up and down the 
station platform on our bare feet, al- 
though the ice and snow was several 
inches deep. When we reached Lynch- 
burg prison we were driven, like so many 
hogs, into the yard which was paved with 
nigger-heads, and most of the prisoners 
had to pass the night there. I was more 
fortunate, being permitted to sleep with 
some others in a sort of boarded-up 
place under the stairs, but were nearly 
suffocated to death when the doorway 
closed. From Lynchburg we were con- 
veyed to Libby, arriving there October 
13, where our first day's rations consisted 
of one tub of ' Mississippi pea soup' to 
be divided among 1 50 famishing men. 
Having no such luxury as a spoon or 

ladle we were content to dip the soup up 
with the half of a tin tobacco box, and 
pass it round. This, however, was too 
slow a process for a lot of starving men, 
so three or four of the boys grabbed the 
tub, and turning it to one side, as many 
as could get their heads into it at a time 
did so; then they had to be choked off 
to allow others to get a chance, and such 
pushing, crawling and fighting over that 
tub I never saw equaled except, perhaps, 
by a lot of pigs at a newly-filled swill 

"I was confined in Libby until No- 
vembers, 1864, and was removed to Pem- 
berton prison, at which time the cold was 
intense. There were 300 men on each 
floor, and when time to ' retire ' at night 
we would divide into three squads of 100 
each; one squad would take the center of 
the floor, the other two being stretched 
out by the walls. Before lying down we 
would take a sort of plebiscite vote as to 
which side we would lie on — ' right or 
left ' — and once down we could not ' turn 
over ' until another vote was taken, the ma- 
jority always carrying the day — or rather 
'the night.' This is only one example 
of the many methods we unfortunates 
used to adopt in order to keep ourselves 
warm; but in spite of all our precautions 
many of our poor boys were badly frozen. 
Our rations generally consisted of pieces 
of corn bread (two inches square, the 
flour being made of corn and cob ground 
together) every twenty-four hours, and if 
any mules got killed in battle, and any 
bones were left after the Confederates 
had picked them clean, we got the bones. 
I have even seen some of our boys hunt 
in the spittoons for any stray bones, 
which, if found, they would take to a 
windlass near by, crush them between the 
cogs and then swallow the fragments. 
But I will refrain from dwelling further on 
such disgusting episodes, true though 
they be, those I have here related being 
mild in comparison to many I could record. 
In December, 1864, I was seized with 



congestive chills, and had to run up and 
down the prison floor for three consecu- 
tive days and nights, or die. On Christ- 
mas Day, 1864, I was carried to the Con- 
federate Hospital No. 21, Carey street, 
Richmond, the prison doctor who sent 
me there affirming that I could not live 
more than two or three hours. [O/i/y tlic 
dying were sent to the hospital.'l It was 
found I had pleuro-pneumonia, and I live 
to be able to say that I was the only pneu- 
monia patient in my ward who survived! 
" On the 5th day of February, 1865, I 
was paroled, and same day left Libby 
prison for home, after being a captive 
four months and three days. On Sun- 
day, February 5, 1865, we left Rich- 
mond, Va., on the steamboat 'Cyrus Al- 
lison ' which conveyed us to Aikens Land- 
ing, on the James river, where I once 
more beheld 'Old Glory,' at the sight of 
which tears came unbidden to my eyes. 
Aikens Landing, some nine miles from 
Richmond, was neutral ground, set apart 
for the exchange of prisoners. At this 
time one thousand and twenty of us were 
paroled and sent north, the Northern 
steamer ' City of New York ' taking us 
down the river, on Sunday afternoon, as 
far as Bermuda Hundred, where we re- 
mained until morning, when we started 
for Fortress Monroe; thence crossed 
Chesapeake Bay to Annapolis, Md., 
which city we reached on Tuesday morn- 
ing in a furious snow-storm. All the 
clothing I had on was a ragged pair of 
pants, an old unlined blouse, with no 
shirt under it, a well-worn pair of shoes, 
four sizes too large for my weary feet, 
most of which apparel had been stripped 
from the dead body of one of my com- 
rades in the hospital — in fact the dead 
had to be stripped in order to provide 
covering for his living. But at Annapolis 
' Uncle Sam ' supplied us with new and 
comfortable clothing. After remaining 
in camp there sixteen days, we were sent 
to Camp Chase, Columbus, Ohio, where, 
not having fully recovered my health and 

strength, I received a thirty-days' fur- 
lough. On this I went home, but took a 
relapse and became very ill, so much so 
that I was under the necessity of having 
my furlough twice renewed before I was 
able to return to parole camp at Colum- 
bus. On June 10, 1865, I received my 
discharge from the service by War De- 
partment Order No. 770. Thus ends the 
record of my army service." 

In May, 1886, Mr. Culbert was mus- 
tered into Manville Moore Post No. 525, 
G. A. R. ; was junior vice-commander in 
1890; elected senior vice-commander in 
1 89 1, and post commander in 189*. On 
September 4, 1889, he commenced re- 
cruiting for S. A. J. Snyder command of 
Union Veterans Union, an organization 
composed only of the soldiers who were 
in active service at least six months, a 
part of the time at the front engaged in 
actual warfare. On November 8, 1889, 
he had his command ready for muster-in, 
which was effected by Gen. Loomis, of 
Norwalk, Ohio, at that time Department 
commander in the State. Mr. Culbert 
was elected its first colonel; for two years 
was staff officer on Gen. Ellis' staff; in 
1893 was elected lieutenant-colonel, and 
in 1894 was appointed colonel by Gen. 
W. T. Clark, of Cleveland, Ohio, which 
position he holds at the present time. 

retired farmer, Woodville, San- 
dusky county, was born in Bava- 
ria, Germany, October 19, 18 19, 
a son of Nicholas and Eve (Weaver) Nuh- 
fer, also natives of Bavaria. 

They came to America and first set- 
tled in Lancaster county, Penn., in the 
fall of 1835, where for two years they 
engaged in the nursery business. In 1839 
they removed to Maumee City, Ohio, 
remained two years, and then located in 
Woodville township, Sandusky county, 
on the Western Reserve and Maumee 
turnpike, three miles east of Woodville. 



Here Nicholas Nuhfer died, two years 
later, at the age of sixty-eight years, and 
his wife at the same age, in 1854. While 
in Germany they were members of the 
Roman Catholic Church, but soon after 
coming to Ohio the}' joined the M. E. 
Church. Their children, all born in Ger- 
many, were: (i) Frederick, a soldier and 
sailor; (2) Margaret, now dead, who 
married William Geyer, of Washington 
township; (3) Anthony, a baker, now 
living at Maumee, Ohio, who, at the time 
of his parents' emigration, was in the 
German army, as body guard to Iving 
Otto, whom he accompanied to Athens, 
Greece, and to other parts of the East, 
but, wishing to accompany his parents to 
the New World, escaped from a fort by a 
ruse, made his way to France, and thence 
to the United States; (4) Nicholas, who 
died in Toledo, Ohio, in 1892, was for- 
merly a well-known minister of the Ger- 
man M. E. Church; (5) Maria, wife of 
^^'illiam Behrends, now living in Illinois; 
(6) Andrew, our subject; (jj Catharine, 
wife of Rev. E. Riemenschneider, who 
was sent as a missionary to Germany, by 
the M. E. Church, where she died; 
(8) Helen, who married Jacob Artz, and 
now lives at Lindsey, Ohio. 

Our subject first came to Woodville 
with his parents. Later he spent three 
seasons as fireman and assistant en- 
gineer on lake steamers. After having 
learned the blacksmith trade in Maumee 
City, he returned to Woodville and started 
a blacksmith shop, buying his tools in 
Buffalo, and the first hard coal ever 
burned in Woodville township. He car- 
ried on his trade at this place with good 
success for twenty years, until the fall of 
1 86 1, when, under a commission from 
Gov. Tod, as second lieutenant, he en- 
listed and organized Company D, Seven- 
ty-second Regiment, O. V. I. This com- 
pany was composed largely of the best 
young men of Woodville township, and 
they subsequently chose him captain. 
At the head of this company he followed 

the various fortunes of his regiment, par- 
ticipating in all its campaigns and en- 
gagements, except when incapacitated by 
wounds or confined in Rebel prisons. At 
the battle of Shiloh he was wounded, 
but he remained with his company until 
the enemy were driven from the field. 
For his bravery and soldierly conduct on 
this occasion he received special mention 
in the report of Col. R. P. Buckland 
who commanded the brigade. Owing to 
the serious nature of his wound he was 
sent to the General Hospital at Cin- 
cinnati, where his limb barely escaped 
amputation, and he was shortly after 
ordered home to recuperate. As soon 
as he was able to walk about he re- 
joined his command at Monterey, Miss., 
and later participated in Grant's futile 
campaign in northern Mississippi; helped 
guard our line of communications along 
the Memphis and Charleston railroad; 
took a part in the campaign which re- 
sulted in the fall of Vicksburg; was in 
two battles at Jackson, Miss., in the latter 
of which he commanded the skirmish 
line which drove the enemy into their 
breastworks on the day prior to their 
evacuation; was with the advance on 
Brandon, and for a short time was in 
command of the regiment at Oak Ridge, 
in October, 1863. 

The regiment having by this time been 
much reduced in numbers, Capt. Nuhfer 
was sent home in charge of a recruiting 
party. While he was engaged in this 
duty, the regiment veteranized, and he 
rejoined it after its veteran furlough. He 
was with it at Paducah when Gen. Forrest 
made his attack, and when Sturgis made 
his first expedition into northeastern 
Mississippi. On the second and ill-fated 
Guntown expedition, along with about 250 
other officers and men of his regiment, he 
was taken prisoner by the forces under 
Gen. Forrest and conveyed to Anderson- 
ville prison. Here Capt. Nuhfer, as the 
ranking officer of the regiment, and being 
able to speak German, was requested by 



his comrades to interview Capt. Wirz, in 
command of the prison, and get him to 
allow all the officers and men of the 
Seventy-second regiment to remain to- 
gether. The request was made, but Wirz 
refused and at once became abusive. He 
held the privates at Andersonville, but 
sent the officers to Macon, Ga. When 
the latter place was threatened by Union 
troops, they were sent to Charleston, S. 
C, then to Columbus, S. C. , then to 
Raleigh, N. C, then to Goldsboro, N. C. , 
and thence to points in Virginia and to 
Wilmington, N. C, for e.xchange, after a 
confinementof nine months. At Columbia, 
S. C, Capt. Nuhfer was taken down with 
fever, and would have died had it not 
been for his iron constitution and the care 
he received from a brother officer, Lieut. - 
Col. Von Helmrich, formerly an officer in 
the Prussian army, who also loaned him 
a sum of Confederate money. After his 
exchange he was furloughed for thirty 
days to recover his health, and meanwhile 
the war closed. 

Capt. Nuhfer married, October 23, 
1843, Miss Elizabeth Shuler, of Perrys- 
burg, Wood Co., Ohio, born in Witten- 
berg, Germany. Their children were: 
(i) John George, of Fremont, Ohio, who 
married Miss Olivia J. Totten, by whom 
he had one child, George Bartlett, after 
which she died, and he afterward married 
Mrs. Martha G. Hafford; (2) Caroline, 
deceased wife of Theobald Schunck, who 
had five children — George D., Charles, 
Caroline, William and Albert; (3) Sophia, 
who married John Otjen, and had four 
children — Caroline E., Nellie O., Kate 
and William; (4) Daniel, who died in in- 
fancy; (5) Catharine, who became second 
wife of Theobald Schunck; (6) Agnes 
Amelia, deceased wife of George Blake, 
who had one child — Flossie; (7) Esther 
Elizabeth, unmarried, who died at the 
age of twenty-seven; (8) Charles A., 
farmer of Woodville township, who mar- 
ried Caroline Baker, and has a son — 
Elmer L. ; (9) Minnie, wife of John Blake, 

whose daughter, Minnie E., died shortly 
after the death of her mother, who was 
aged twenty-one; (10) William, a clerk in 
Toledo, who married Miss Sarah Unger, 
who has a son — Earl A. 

Since the war Capt. Nuhfer has been 
engaged in mercantile business, the sale 
of hardware, the management of his farm 
property, fifty acres just outside of the 
Woodville village limits, and in the over- 
sight of his real estate in the oil region. 
For fourteen years he was village post- 
master, under the administration of Presi- 
dents Grant and Hayes. He has twice been 
nominated for county treasurer by the 
Republicans, and in each election polled 
more than his party's vote. He has been 
township trustee six years, and a member 
of both township and village school 
boards for some twelve years, and a mem- 
ber of the city council. He has always 
tried to promote the interests of his adopt- 
ed county in the lines of education, tem- 
perance and religion. For the last thirty 
years he has been a member of the Evan- 
gelical Association. During his residence 
of fifty-five years in Woodville, he has 
seen it grow from a collection of half a 
dozen scattered houses to hundreds of 
handsome homes occupied b}' well-to-do 
and happy families. Of the early pio- 
neers of the place, only he and his faith- 
ful wife remain. 

editor of the Fremont Courier, the 
German organ of the Sandusky 
county Democracy, was born in 
the city of Mainz, Germany, June 19, 
185 I. After his graduation in the Prot- 
estant public schools of his native city he 
studied the languages and prepared him- 
self for mercantile pursuits, under private 
tutors. In 1866 he came to America, 
and, after eleven years of newspaper work 
in Pennsylvania and Ohio, he in 1 877 took 
editorial charge of the Fremont Courier, 
to succeed Judge F. Wilmer. In 1883 



he was elected member of the board of 
education, and was re-elected in 1886 and 
1889, serving as president of the board 
six }'ears and clerk two years. While 
presiding over the deliberations of the 
board he displayed great executive ability, 
and under his administration three fine 
new school buildings were erected in 
Fremont, while all his dealings with 
school officials, teachers and the public, 
were characterized by good tact and judg- 
ment. He is a stanch friend of the pub- 
lic-school system, and keeps thoroughly 
informed on all matters pertaining to ed- 
ucational peogress. 

In 18S5 Mr. Zimmermann was elected 
State senator of the Thirtieth District of 
Ohio, consisting of the counties of Erie, 
Huron, Ottawa and Sandusky, and was 
re-elected in 18S7. As a State senator 
he was in favor of every measure tending 
toward educational progress, and was also 
one of the most active promoters of the 
compulsory education law now on the 
statutes of Ohio, which has worked so 
well for the promotion of the interests of 
Ohio's school youth. Though a Demo- 
crat in a legislative body which was two- 
thirds Republican, he was elected chair- 
man of the committee on public printing. 

On October 6, 1891, he was ap- 
pointed, by Gov. Campbell, probate judge 
of Sandusky county to till the vacancy 
caused by the death of Judge E. F. Dick- 
inson, and in November following was 
elected to that office by the people, by a 
large majority. Since that time he has 
devoted his attention to professional 
duties as editor of the Courier. His of- 
fice is in the New Opera House, corner 
of Arch and State streets, and is well 
supplied with literary helps, a well se- 
lected library, maps and pamphlets. 
Judge Zimmermann is the author of the 
Criminal History of Sandusky County, 
published by Williams Brothers in 1882, 
giving a detailed acccjunt of the Sperry 
and the Thomi)son murder trials. He 
also wrote the first Masonic history of 

Fremont. Socially he is a member of 
Fort Stephenson Lodge, F. & A. M., Mc- 
Pherson Lodge, L O. O. F. , the Knights 
of Honor, B. P. Order of Elks, and other 
organizations. Since 1877 Mr. Zimmer- 
mann has been local representative of the 
Cunard, the Hamburg-American and the 
North German Lloyd lines of ocean 

AB. LEVISEE, familiarly known 
as Judge Levisee, was born in 
Livingston county. State of New 
York, March 18, 1821. In 1832 
he migrated, with his mother, an older 
brother and a sister, to Ohio, and settled 
in Sandusky county, where the brother 
and sister still live. The mother died, in 
July, 1845, at the home of an elder daugh- 
ter in Michigan. 

Sandusky county was at that time es- 
sentially a wilderness, interspersed here 
and there with hardy pioneer settlers — ■ 
most of them located right in the solid 
woods, with but little to aid them save 
their brave hearts and strong arms. Here 
the subject of this sketch, with an axe or 
a hoe in his hands, from one end of the 
year to the other, practically "grew up 
with the country." The only educational 
facilities he enjoyed in his youth were 
those afforded by the primitive log school- 
houses, with such teachers as the time 
could furnish. It was in these circum- 
stances that he lived and grew to the 
years of early manhood. In the meantime 
he had become inspired with a purpose to 
improve his education. Under the impulse 
of this thought he labored in season and 
out of season to accumulate the necessary 
means wherewith to accomplish this great 
purpose. At length, in March, 1844, 
with the few hundred dollars thus gather- 
ed at the slow rate of $10 to $11 per 
month, he went to Ann Arbor and became 
a student at the University of Michigan, 
where he pursued the regular undergrad- 
uate course until November, 1847. For 




want of means to continue his studies 
longer at the University, he left without 
a degree and went directly to Louisiana, 
where he taught in a private school in 
Baton Rouge a short time, and then went 
to Alabama. He spent about two years 
teaching in Selma and Montgomery, and 
in the spring of 1850 went to Talladega, 
and there established an independent 
private school, which he continued to con- 
duct some three years, and which won for 
him a wide reputation as a successful 
teacher. One of his students entered the 
Junior Class at Princeton, New Jersey, 
while one entered the Junior Class of the 
University of Alabama at Tuscaloosa, and 
others in the lower classes. The board 
of regents of the last-named school recog- 
nized his scholarship and efficiency as a 
teacher by conferring on him the honorary 
degree of A. M. 

During the years 1853 and 1854 our 
subject attended law lectures in New 
York; then returned to Alabama and was 
■ tendered the presidency of the teaching 
faculty of the Female Collegiate Institute 
at Talladega, which he accepted tempor- 
arily to accommodate the board. At the 
close of 1854 he resigned the same, and 
went to Louisiana to enter upon the prac- 
tice of law, and located at Shreveport in 
March, 1855, where he continued to 
practice until 1877, including nearly five 
years, during which he occupied the bench 
as judge of his district. The Judge's 
thorough education, previous mental train- 
ing and studious habits, brought him 
rapidly forward in his new profession in 
which he achieved a high degree of finan- 
cial success, and an enviable reputation 
as a jurist and attorney. In 1875-76 he 
held the position of commissioner of 
United States Circuit Court. 

In politics Judge Levisee was a fol- 
lower of Clay and Webster while they 
lived. He was a Republican and Anti- 
Secessionist in i860, and took a decided 
stand against the secession movement. 
He remained in Louisiana during the en- 

tire war; was nominally in the Confeder- 
ate service from July, 1863, to the close, 
as an attache of the Inspector General's 
department, with the rank of first lieuten- 
ant. He was never assigned to any com- 
mand. In April, 1868, he was elected 
judge of his Judicial District, and was re- 
elected in the general election of 1872 by 
at least i , 500 majority and was ' ' counted 
out." By that time the survivors of the 
lost cause had partially recovered from 
the fright incident to their defeat. The 
returned brigadiers and their subordinates, 
together with the small politicians, were 
reorganizing the Rebellion under the 
auspices of the White League. It was 
the same old fight under changed circum- 
stances and a new name. The White 
League was the paramount authority in 
the State at that time, and, of course, 
dominated all elections and dictated the 
results. In 1874 Judge Levisee was elect- 
ed a member of the State Legislature, 
and was "counted out;" but under the 
Wheeler Compromise the leaders of the 
White League were themselves compelled 
to admit that he was elected and he held 
his seat. In the National campaign of 
1876 he was a candidate for Presidential 
elector for the Fourth Congressional Dis- 
trict of Louisiana, comprising an area of 
not less than ten thousand square miles. 
He made at his own individual expense a 
thorough canvass of the entire District, 
which was the first time that it had been 
undertaken by any Republican. He went 
up and down throughout the District, 
rallied the negroes in great mass meet- 
ings, told them their rights, and encour- 
aged and emboldened them to assert their 
rights in a proper and legal way by regis- 
tering and voting. The result was a 
larger majority in that District than the 
entire Republican majority in the State. 
But he was "counted out" again; and 
this time it required the National Elec- 
toral Commission to settle the matter. At 
length, disgusted and weary of the insane 
I strife that had raged about him so long. 



he determined that the opportunities of 
hfe were too valuable to be further thrown 
away in such bootless contest, and at the 
cost of professional prestige and wealth 
honorably earned by useful service, he 
abandoned the home of his adoption to 
find again a place where he could live a 
free life and enjoy the equal privileges of 
a citizen. 

For three years from Jul}', 1S78, he 
held the position of a Government Agent 
in the Internal Revenue Service, at the 
close of which period he resigned that 
position, and in 1881 located, with his son, 
in North Dakota. In addition to his 
other professional labors in Dakota, Judge 
Levisee rendered a highly appreciated 
service to the bar of that then Territory 
by the preparation and publication of an 
annotated edition of the Dakota Codes, 
which was approved and adopted by the 
Legislature and the profession, and is still 
in general use. 

After experiencing the vicissitudes of 
frontier life for twelve years in North 
Dakota, the Judge began to feel that it 
was time to retire from active pursuits, 
and to prepare for the end. He returned 
to his old home — the home of his child- 
hood and youth. Here in the beautiful 
village of Clyde, Sandusky Co., Ohio, 
he has built for himself a sumptuous place 
of abode. Here, in elegant retirement, 
amid his books and maps, he spends the 
evening of his long and useful life, sur- 
rounded by all that can make old age 
agreeable, blessed with excellent health 
and cheered by the merited friendship and 
esteem of all who know him. 

R\V. SANDWISCH, ex-sheriff of 
Sandusky county, was born in 
Woodville township, that county, 
July 20, 1846, a son of Hermon 
and Catharine fMergelj Sandwisch. The 
father was born in Hanover, Germany, 
in iXii, and died at Woodville in 1854, 
of Asiatic cholera. He had come to this 

country a young man, married in this 
country and worked at the blacksmith 
trade. The mother was born in Hanover, 
Germany, in 18 10, came to this country, 
and is still living as one of the pioneers 
of Woodville. Their children were: 
Mary Jane, wife of Jacob Bishoff; Louisa, 
wife of Benedict Emch; R. W. , our sub- 
ject; J. G., in Bowling Green, Ohio; and 
Emeline, who married C. G. Bradt, a 
contractor, living at Atlanta, Georgia. 

Our subject grew to manhood in Wood- 
ville township, on a farm, learned the 
blacksmith trade in early life at Wood- 
ville, and later worked two years at the 
same in Toledo, Ohio. In the fall of 
1868 he opened a blacksmith shop in 
Woodville, which he operated himself for 
eighteen consecutive years, making twen- 
ty-two years of work at his trade. For 
several years past he has been promi- 
nently identified with politics in Wood- 
ville township as an ardenc Democrat. 
He was first elected supervisor of roads, 
and afterward justice of the peace for 
three terms. He became the regular 
nominee of the Democratic party for 
sheriff, and was elected to that position 
in 1885, taking charge of the office in 
January, 1886. In 1887 he was re-elect- 
ed, serving a second term. After leaving 
the sheriff's office he engaged in selling 
farming implements, and in that capac- 
ity traveled extensively over Sandusky 

Mr. Sandwisch was married, in 1868, 
to Miss Clarinda Swartzman, who was 
born in Woodville township, January 11, 
1849, a daughter of Isaac Swartzman, a 
native of Pennsylvania, and an early 
pioneer of W^oodville township. They 
have children as follows: Albert H., 
born May 30, 1869, who was his father's 
deputy when he held the office of sheriff, 
and is engaged with him in business at 
the present time. Catherine Lovisa, born 
September 20, 1871, living at home; and 
Adolph Franklin, born January 18, 1877. 
Mr. Sandwisch is a member of the 



I. O. O. F., McPherson Lodge, No. G^y, 
Fremont, and has filled all the chairs in 
the subordinate lodge, having been a mem- 
ber since 1S70. He is also a member of 
Fort Stephenson Masonic Lodge, Fre- 
mont, and has taken the third degree. 

scanning the pages of this volume 
one will find the history of many 
men who have made a success of 
life in various lines of terrene occupations; 
but the subject of this sketch is a man 
who has been highly successful not only 
on land, but also on the sea. 

Many a time has Capt. Otten stood on 
the deck of his vessel in the night time 
and gazed at the great clock whose face is 
the blue heavens, the markings on which 
are the glittering stars, and whose hand 
is the silver moon. With his sextant he 
has measured the moon's distance from 
some prominent star, thus determining 
the variation of his chronometer. Then 
on a beautiful morning we again see him, 
measuring the altitude of the sun, by 
which means he determined the latitude 
and longitude of his vessel, thus enabling 
him to guide her safely into port. 

Capt. B. S. Otten, the subject of this 
sketch, now one of the most prominent 
merchants of Woodville, Sandusky coun- 
ty, was born in Hanover, Germany, Jan- 
uary 26, 1835, son of Herman and Anna 
(Juils) Otten, both of whom died in their 
native countrj', the former at the age of 
eighty-five years, and the latter at the end 
of her three-score years and ten. To 
them were born six children, as follows: 
Margaret and Etta, who now live in 
Germany; Marie, who came to America, 
and settled in Woodville; Herman, a 
commission merchant in Germany; B. S. ; 
and Gerhard, who lives in Pemberville, 

Our subject attended the public 
schools of his native place until about 
sixteen years of age, when he went to sea 

on the Atlantic as mast-boy, in which 
capacity he served six years. He then 
returned to Germany and took a full 
course in navigation at one of the leading 
schools of that country, graduating there- 
from in 1859, after which he resumed 
sailing, putting into practical use the 
studies of his college course. Mr. Otten 
now entered marine life as mate, in which 
position he served for two years, when he 
was given a ship and made captain there- 
of, serving ably in this capacity for thir- 
teen years. Be it said to his credit as a 
sea captain that while he encountered 
severe storms, he never, in the entire 
time he had charge of a boat, lost a man 
by accident. His first wife, Betty Bring- 
man, who accompanied him many a time 
on long journeys on the sea, was born in 
1850, and they were married in 1872. 
To their union came one child, Otto D. , 
born July 19, 1874, in Baltimore, Md., 
who never saw his mother, as she died 
the next day after his birth. She was 
the daughter of John and Rebecca (Bring- 
man) Bringman, the former of whom was 
a sea captain for many years, and now 
resides in Wood county, Ohio; his wife 
died some time ago. In January, 1876, 
Capt. Otten married Miss Matilda Bring- 
man (a cousin of his former wife), who is 
a daughter of Borchard and Marguerite 
Bringman. Borchard Bringman was also 
a sea captain, and was drowned in the 
Atlantic while on a voyage; the mother 
still lives in Germany. To them were 
born five children, of whom Mrs. Otten 
is the second; her brother Gustav was 
washed overboard in a high sea and buried 
in a watery grave, as was also her brother 
Borchard. The grandfathers on both 
sides were sea captains. 

On leaving the sea, Capt. Otten was 
for two years engaged as ship chandler 
in Baltimore, Md., after which, in 1876, 
he sold out, and came to Woodville, San- 
dusky Co., Ohio, where two years later 
he embarked in the general mercantile 
business, which he has ever since sue- 



cessfully conducted. Mrs. Otten is a 
thorough business lady, and is well ac- 
quainted with their extensive mercantile 
business, being often found assisting in 
the different lines of their enterprise. . To 
Mr. and Mrs. Otten have been born six 
children, three of whom are living, name- 
ly: Anna, who is now in the store; Etta, 
who is devoting her time to study in the 
public schools of Woodville; and Olga. 
The family is one of the most prominent 
in ^^'oodville, in both a business and 
social way. Capt. and Mrs. Otten are 
highly esteemed by all who know them, 
while their beautiful brick residence on 
Main street is a standing witness to their 
admiration of a modern home. 

editor of the Fremont Journal, and 
one of Fremont's most respected citi- 
zens, is of Puritan parentage on both 
sides of his family. Of his ancestors to 
the seventh generation, Ralph Keeler 
came from England in 1639, settling at 
Hartford, Conn., and Matthew Marvin 
preceded him in 1635. His grandfathers, 
Luke Keeler and Isaac Marvin, emigrated 
with their families to Ohio in wagons 
from Norwalk, Conn., in 181 7, coming 
by way of Pittsburg and making the trip 
in six weeks. Two of their children, Eri 
Keeler and Sally Marvin, both born in 
Connecticut in the last year of the pre- 
ceding century, were married in July, 
1821 ; and Isaac Marvin Keeler was born 
in Sharon township, Richland Co., Ohio, 
September 8, 1823. Five years later the 
father, Eri Keeler, and the grandfather, 
Luke Keeler, were among the incorpora- 
tors of the town of Norwalk, Ohio, named 
after their old home, Norwalk, Conn. 
Eri Keeler died April 11, 1894, lacking 
but a few days of being ninety-five years 
of age. 

The subject of this sketch lived at 
Norwalk until 1840, when he came to 
Lower Sandusky ("now Fremontj, and en- 

tered the office of the Loi^'cr Sanduskv 
U7a'i^ as an apprentice. Between 1843 
and 1849, Mr. Keeler was temporarily 
in Milan, Norwalk, Sharon and New York, 
and in 1850 was commissioned postmaster 
at Fremont, serving in that capacity two 
years. In 1854 he purchased the Fre- 
mont Journal, the predecessor of which 
was established in July, 1829, which he 
edited and published until 1865, during 
all the bitter years of the Civil war, sell- 
ing the office at last on account of poor 
health, and going into the insurance and 
real-estate business. In December, 1877, 
he repurchased the Journal, and in asso- 
ciation with his son, S. P. Keeler, con- 
tinues to edit the paper. 

Mr. Keeler was married June 23, 1847, 
to Anna F. Hulburd, of Lower Sandusky, 
who died October 26, 1850, leaving one 
child. On May 12, 1857, he married 
Janette Elliot, daughter of Judge Samuel 
and Linda (Hayes) Elliot, of Brattleboro, 
Vt. , by whom he has two children — one 
son and one daughter. In the more than 
fifty 3'ears of his residence in Fremont 
Mr. Keeler has not only watched its de- 
velopment from a rough frontier hamlet 
into a beautiful and thriving city, but he 
has been prominently instrumental in that 
development; and while his voice and 
pen have ever been on the side of muni- 
cipal progress they have never swerved in 
time-serving expediency from what was 
pure and just and of good report. 

BYRON A. FOUCHE, attorney at 
law, Fremont, Sandusky county, 
was born in Wayne county, Ohio, 
September 8, 1858, a son of 
Josiah and Susannah (Stutzman) Fouche. 
The father of our subject was born in 
Somerset county, Penn., in 1830, where 
he grew to manhood, and whence he 
came at the age of twenty-three to 
Wayne county, Ohio, where he still re- 
sides. He was a school teacher by pro- 
fession, and followed his vocation in 



Wayne, Holmes and Tuscarawas coun- 
ties for many years. He finally settled 
on a farm where he is now passing his 
declining years. 

Our subject's mother was born in 
Wayne county, Ohio, in 1833, and here 
she grew to womanhood and became the 
wife of Josiah Fouche. Nine children — 
two sons and seven daughters — were the 
fruits of their marriage. Our subject's 
paternal grandfather was born in 1793, 
either in France or in Somerset county, 
Penn. He emigrated thence to Holmes 
county, Ohio, where he died in 1873. 
His father (subject's great-grandfather) 
was a native of France, enlisted under 
Lafayette, came to America, and assisted 
the Colonies in the Revolutionary war. 

Byron A. Fouche attended the com- 
mon schools in his native place, and then 
the University of Wooster, at Wooster, 
Ohio, from which he graduated in the 
class of 1883. He worked his own way 
through college by teaching school. He 
studied law in the office of the famous 
criminal lawyer and advocate, John Mc- 
Sweeny, and was admitted to the bar in 
1886. He located in Fremont, Ohio, in 
1888. He is at present Deputy State 
Supervisor of Elections for Sandusky 
county. In politics he is a Republican. 
On December 31, 1887, he married Miss 
Jane Parmeter, at Caanan, Wayne coun- 
ty, Ohio. 

tors of the Daily and Weekly 
N'cws, Fremont, Sandusky coun- 
ty, are sons of James and Mary 
(Haywood) Wrigley. James Wrigleywas 
born in eastern Pennsylvania, September 
25, 1821, and died December 16, 1878. 
His wife was born in Lancashire, England, 
in 1824, and came when a child with her 
parents to America. She resided at Deni- 
son, Iowa, where she died July 15, 1895. 
To them were born ten children, of whom 
seven are living: Alfred C. , December 19, 

1849; Mark H., July 12, 1853; James 
B., February 21, 1859; Alice J.; Ger- 
trude v.; Anna A., wife of Philip A. 
Schlumberger; and Mary H. All of the 
daughtersreside at Fremont, Ohio, except- 
ing Mrs. Schlumberger. 

The Wrigley Brothers are natives of 
the town of Conshohocken, Penn., where 
they grew up, attended the public schools 
and learned the printer's trade. They 
were proprietors of the Conshohocken 
Recorder, a weekly paper, from 1877 un- 
til 1 88 1, when they sold it and removed 
to Denison, Iowa, where they bought the 
Denison Revieiu, which they published in 
English and German. In 1888 they sold 
out, and next published the Boone ]Veek- 
ly Republican, at Boone, Iowa, about 
four years. In June, 1892, they purchased 
the Fremont News, the only daily paper 
in Fremont, Ohio, with a circulation of 
1,250, and also publish a weekly, which 
has a circulation of 3,200. It is devoted 
to the business interests of Fremont and 
Sandusky county, furnishes fresh and re- 
liable news from all parts of the world in 
a brief and attractive form, and is neutral 
in politics. The proprietors are sparing 
no pains to make it the best local paper in 
northern Ohio. 

name Edgerton is of English 
origin, but representatives of that 
family have been many years in 
the United States. 

Prominent among the business men 
and manufacturers of Fremont, Sandusky 
county, for nearly half a century has been 
Chester Edgerton, who was born in 
Pawlet, Vt., in 1819, and came to Ohio 
in 1844. He is now seventy-six years 
old, and is living retired. He was an at- 
torney in his day, and a very successful 
collector. He was also for a number of 
years engaged in the lumber business, as 
a member of the firm of Edgerton Bros. ; 
by fair dealing and close attention to busi- 



ness he accumulated a small fortune, and 
is recognized as one of the most success- 
ful men of the early days of Fremont. 
He is a Republican in politics, and in the 
3'ear 1847 was elected mayor of the city. 
In 1845 he married Miss Augusta F. 
Fusselman, who was born in 1826, and 
six children were born to them: Frank, 
now living in Tennessee; Hattie, wife of 
G. Kinney, an attorney at law, of Fre- 
mont; Fannie A., who died in 1879; 
Maude, wife of Lieut. John Garvin, U. S. 
N. ; Chester, living in Kansas City, Mo. ; 
and H. G. 

Dr. fi. G. Edgerton was born in Fre- 
mont, Ohio, April 23, 1859, and was edu- 
cated in the Fremont public schools and 
at Oberlin College. He began the study 
of dentistry in 1S75, and graduated from 
the Dental Department of the University 
of Ann Arbor (Mich.) in 1881, with the 
degree of D. D. S. He practiced his pro- 
fession at Toledo, Ohio, one 3'ear, and 
then came to Fremont, where he has had 
a leading practice for several years in his 
pleasant rooms over the First National 
Bank. He is a Republican, a member of 
the Knights of Pythias and of the National 
Union, and is connected with several 
social clubs of the city. On January 29, 
1884, he married Miss Clara Meek, 
daughter of B. Meek, an attorney at law, 
and four children have been born to them: 
Mary B., Rachel, Dorothy and Henry 

JOSEPH KINDLE, attorney at law, 
Fremont, Sandusky county, was 
born at Caroline, near Republic, 
Seneca county, Ohio, December 
9, 1858, a son of Gottlieb and Mary 
Magdalena fMichels) Kindle. 

Our subject's father was born in 
Triesen, Principality of Lichtenstein, 
Germany, and emigrated to America in 
1852. He had followed the trade of 
blacksmith in the Fatherland, but on 
settling in Seneca county, Ohio, upon a 

farm, he devoted his time to agricultural 
pursuits, and did only his own black- 
smithing. Our subject's mother was 
born in Baden, Germany, in 1837, and 
came with her father's family to San- 
dusky county, Ohio, when three years 
old. Here she grew to womanhood, be- 
came the wife of Gottlieb Kindle, and 
died March i, 1866. Their children 
were: Regina, who married Frank Bin- 
sack, of Fremont, Ohio; Rosa Ann, who 
died at the age of eighteen; Mary Ann, 
who is unmarried; and Joseph, our sub- 

Joseph Kindle came with his parents 
at an early age to New Riegel, Ohio, 
where he attended school until he was 
fourteen years of age, also a parochial 
school, in which he was at the head of 
his classes at the age of eleven, and kept 
his place as they progressed upward for 
three years. In August, 1871, the 
family removed to Green Creek township, 
Sandusky county, where they remained 
about five years. In March, 1876, they 
moved to Sandusky township, near Book- 
town, at the mouth of Muskallonge 
creek, upon a farm where the parents 
lived and died. After settling up his 
father's estate, our subject, being of a 
literary turn of mind, sought the halls of 
learning to qualify himself for an occupa- 
tion better suited to his tastes. He at- 
tended school two years at Notre Dame 
University, South Bend, Ind. , devoting 
the first year to a commercial course, 
from which he graduated, and received 
his diploma, and the second year he took 
a mixed course, scientific and literary, in 
a line with the study of law. On his re- 
turn from school he followed the occu- 
pation of bookkeeping for a year, and 
then went into a general mercantile busi- 
ness for himself, in which he continued 
with good success for ten years, most of 
the time at Fremont, Ohio. He then 
sold out and resumed the study of law 
with the firm of Meek & Dudrow, and, 
was admitted to the bar on December 8, 



1892. He now has an office on Croghan 
street, Fremont, opposite the First 
National Bank. 

Mr. Kindle is a man of large stature, 
manly form and commanding presence. 
He possesses great strength and power of 
endurance, phj'sically and intellectually, 
which, coupled with his ability to use the 
German language as fluently as the 
English, gives him a vast advantage over 
the ordinary man. He is a Democrat in 
politics, and, as were his parents before 
him, he is an ardent Roman Catholic. 
He is one of the most prominent mem- 
bers of Branch No. 290, Catholic Knights 
of America, also a member of Branch No. 
8, Catholic Knights of Ohio, of which 
Branch he is the present president, and is 
a member of St. Joseph's Parish. He 
has been an officer of trust in these so- 
cieties during nearly ail the time of his 
membership therein, and has represented 
them in different state councils. 

Mr. Kindle was married April 28, 
1884, to Miss Mary Drum, daughter of 
Jacob and Anna (Durnwald) Drum. Her 
father was a Union soldier in the late 
war, and is now a member of Eugene 
Rawson Post, G. A. R., Fremont, Ohio. 
The children of Joseph and Mary Kindle 
are: Frank J., Edward A., Gertrude M., 
and Laura Ann. 

FRANK E. SEAGER, prosecuting 
attorney for Sandusky county, was 
born in Ballville township, San- 
dusky Co., Ohio, October 17, 
1 86 1, a son of Charles D. and Caroline 
(Hoover) Seager, natives of Sandusky 
county. Charles. D. Seager was an only 
son of Charles L. Seager, a native of New 
York State, who came west in 1835, was 
one of the early pioneers of Sandusky 
county, and died in 1843. Our subject's 
maternal grandparents, Lawrence Hoover 
and wife, were natives of Germany, and 
also came at an early day to Sandusky 
county; they are both now dead. Our 

subject's parents were married in Ball- 
ville township, Sandusky county, in 1858. 

Frank E. Seager was reared in the 
place of his nativity, attended the com- 
mon schools and the Fremont city 
schools, later the Normal University, at 
Ada, Ohio, where he completed the clas- 
sical course in 1886, and then attended 
the Northwestern College, at Naperville, 
111., from which he graduated in 1887. 
He then began studying law, alternating 
that with teaching winter schools. He 
located in Fremont in 1888, and entered 
the law office of Finefrock & Brinkerhoff, 
for the purpose of continuing his law 
studies and engaging in the insurance and 
loan business. He was admitted to the 
bar in 1893, and in 1894 was elected 
prosecuting attorney, which office he still 

Socially, our subject is a member of 
Croghan Lodge, No. 77, I. O. O. F. , 
and Fremont Encampment, No. 64. He 
is also a member of the Uniformed Rank, 
Patriarchs Militant, and, of the Masonic 
Fraternity, a Royal Arch Mason. He is an 
active member of the Church of the Evan- 
gelical Association; was for several years 
its efficient Sunday-school superintendent; 
he also superintends a Sunday-school at 
Ballville village. In politics he has al- 
ways been a Republican, and takes an 
interest in local and national affairs. On 
May 16, 1895, Mr. Seager was married, 
at New Carlisle, Clark Co., Ohio, to Miss 
Marie Gates. 

FRED R. FRONIZER, attorney 
at law, Fremont, Sandusky coun- 
ty, was born near Buffalo, N. Y. , 
in 1 8 52, son of Henry and Mary 
(Young) Fronizer, natives of Germany, 
who emigrated to New York, where they 
were married. In 1853 they came to 
Sandusky county, Ohio, locating in Ball- 
ville township, where they followed farm- 
ing. The mother died in 1885. Their 
children were: Fred R. , our subject; 



John, a carpenter, of Fremont; Simon, a 
contractor and grocer; Matilda, who died 
at the age of four; Lana; Susan; Katty, 
and Joseph. 

Our subject was reared to farm labor, 
and attended the country schools. At 
the age of eighteen he entered upon life 
for himself, attended the Fremont city 
schools, and taught country schools in 
the winter seasons to pay his way. Later 
he went to a Normal school at Fostoria, 
Ohio, for a few terms, and then taught 
the Woodville High School two years. In 
the spring of 1874 he commenced the 
study of law in the office of J. T. Garver, 
in the meantime continuing to teach 
winter schools, and was admitted to the 
bar in April, 1877. He held the office of 
justice of the peace in Ballville township 
si.\ jears, and in 1887 was elected to the 
office of prosecuting attorney for San- 
dusky county, which he held si.x years. 
He was county school examiner from 
August, 1 88 1, to 1887. Mr. Fronizer is 
a life-long Democrat, and a member of 
the M. E. Church of Fremont. Socially, 
he is a member of Croghan Lodge, No. 
yj, L O. O. F. He was married, in 
Sandusky county, to Miss Isabella Boyer, 
daughter of George Boyer, a pioneer of 
Washington township, that county, and 
two children have blessed their union — 
Irvin F. and Harry L. 

DAVID GORDON. For more than 
half a century the name of Gor- 
don has been closely identiiied 
with the growth and progress of 
Ottawa county, and more particularly with 
Salem township. The family is of Scotch 
ancestry on the father's side, the mother's 
people being Yankees. 

The parents and grandparents of our 
subject were natives of Somerset county, 
N. J., and the first members of the fam- 
ily to settle in Ohio were John and Rachel 
(Smith) Gordon, who removed from Som- 
erset county, N. J., in 1831, and located 

in Salem township. After residing here 
some six months they removed to Harris 
township, where they remained for three 
years, and returning then to Salem town- 
ship made it their place of abode during 
the remainder of their lives. They were 
honored and respected people, and had a 
large circle of warm friends. The father 
passed away November 7, 1851, the 
mother on March 3, 1842. 

It will thus be seen that the family 
has been identified with Ottawa county 
since pioneer days, and David Gordon is 
now the oldest living resident of Salem 
township. He is numbered among the 
prominent and progressive farmers and 
stock raisers, and has a home pleasantly 
situated about one mile and a half from 
Oak Harbor. Born in Somerset county, 
N. J., March 19, 1827, he came to Salem 
township with his parents when only four 
j'ears old, and since 1831 has been a con- 
tinuous resident of the farm he now owns. 
The township in those days was an un- 
broken wilderness, without roads and 
without schoolhouses, the latter being at 
that time considered a needless luxury. In 
consequence David Gordon received very 
meager privileges for obtaining a literary 
education. From early life he was ob- 
liged to engage in the arduous duties ' of 
developing a new farm, a work that had 
to be accomplished with rude machinery, 
for the wonderful inventions in farm im- 
plements were then a thing of the future. 
He perseveringly continued his labors, 
however, and is still engaged in farming, 
now on an extensive scale, being number- 
bered among the most prosperous agricul- 
turists of his adopted county. 

Mr. Gordon was married, ' December 
I, 1851, in Erie township, Ottawa county, 
to Miss Caroline Redding, who was born 
in 'Warren county, N. J., February 9, 
1827, daughter of David B. and Anna 
(Engler) Redding, natives of New Jersey, 
who located in Ottawa county in 1839. 
Ten children have been born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Gordon, but the eldest died when 

L^"^ ^o-^^^ 



only a few hours old. The others are 
John, who was born September lo, 1854, 
and is now a prominent farmer of Erie 
township; Rachel and Cornelius (twins), 
born February 22, 1857, of whom Cor- 
nelius was drowned February 27, 1859, 
and Rachel is the wife of W. A. Eisenhour, 
who was clerk of Ottawa county, and is 
now a farmer of Erie township; David and 
George (twins), born January 9, 1859, 
the former a resident of Montana, the lat- 
ter a prominent farmer of Salem town- 
ship, Ottawa county; Evaline, born Feb- 
ruary 3, i860, deceased in infancy; Cath- 
erine, born July 26, 1862, who died in in- 
fancy; Marian, born September i 5, 1864, 
who also died in infancy; and Helen, born 
May 16, 1865. 

Mr. Gordon is a charter member of 
Oak Harbor Lodge No. 495, F. & A. M., 
and belongs to Fremont Chapter No. 64, 
R. A. M., and Fremont Council No. 61, 
K. T. He and his family attend the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, and in poli- 
tics he is a stanch supporter of the Demo- 
cratic party. He is numbered among the 
honored pioneers of Ottawa county, who 
have witnessed its growth and develop- 
ment from the days of its infancy, and in 
the work of progress and advancement he 
has ever borne his part as a faithful citizen. 

DR. FRANK CREAGER, the well- 
known dentist of Fremont, San- 
dusky county, was born July 25, 
1850, in York township, San- 
dusky Co., Ohio, on the farm of David 
Moore, about four miles southwest of 
Bellevue, Ohio, son of Jacob and Mar- 
garet Ann Creager. The parents, who 
were of German descent, came from 
Hagerstown, Maryland. 

In early life our subject removed 
with the family to White Pigeon, Mich., 
and thence to Elkhart county, Indiana, 
where he was reared on a farm, and 
where he received a common-school edu- 
cation. In 1865 he commenced the study 

of dentistry with Dr. H. B. Boswell, of 
Rochester, N. Y. , and in 1870 accepted 
a situation as an assistant in the office of 
Drs. Cummins and Hawk, of Elkhart, 
Ind., remaining with them three years. 
To these gentlemen he is indebted for 
much of his early education in dentistry. 
In 1873 he located in Fremont, Ohio, 
for the practice of his profession, soon 
establishing a large and lucrative busi- 
ness, and gaining the national reputation 
he now enjoys. He also enjoys the d s- 
tinction of having spent more years in 
active practice than any other dental 
practitioner in the history of Sandusky 
county. It is needless, however, to speak 
of him in a professional light, for his 
skill as an operator and his mechanical 
abilities are extensively known. The 
prominent positions he has occupied in 
the various dental societies of the country 
are also matters of history. He has one 
of the finest dental offices in the State, 
provided with all the modern improve- 
ments and appliances known to the pro- 
fession, many of which are of his own 

On March 11, 1875, Dr. Frank 
Creager was married to Miss Clara L. 
Moore, of Ballville, Ohio, daughter of 
John and Eliza Moore; the children born 
to them were Edna, Volta, Grace, Bes- 
sie and Frankie Bon. The first two died 
of diphtheria in the latter part of the 
winter of 1880, Edna dying February 
19, and Volta on the 29th of the same 
month, only a difference of ten days 
in the time of their deaths. When 
twenty-one years of age Dr. Creager 
joined the Masonic Fraternity at Bris- 
tol, Ind., but shortly afterward he 
took a dimit and united with Brain- 
ard Lodge No. 336, F. & A. M., 
Fremont, and has been an active mem- 
ber ever since. He is now the master of 
the Lodge, a position he has held con- 
tinuously for three terms, and under his 
guidanceship it has acquired an enviable 
reputation. In fact it is conceded to be 



one of the best working Lodges in the 
State. He is also a member of the Grand 
Council, Royal Arcanum; but the efforts 
which brought him most prominently be- 
fore the people were in the interest of 
the National Union (a similar beneficial 
organization), and especially the local 
Council which was named, in honor of his 
little girl, "Edna." The loss of this 
child, their first-born, was a severe blow 
to the parents, and the honor thus be- 
stowed by his associates in naming the 
Council after her perhaps made the Doctor 
take more than the usual interest in its 
welfare. Edna Council was instituted 
December 3, 18S3, with forty-nine 
charter members, and Dr. Creager was 
chosen its first president. The following 
January he was re-elected, and the of- 
ficers and members went to work in such 
an earnest manner that in less than six 
months the roll was swelled to more than 
a hundred members, and Dr. Creager's 
nameappears onnearlyall theapplications. 
At a meeting of the Ohio State As- 
sembly, which was held in the city of 
Fremont June 10, 1884, he was chosen 
Senator for two years, being one of the 
first Senators elected by the Councils to 
represent the Order in that Supreme body. 
The Edna Ritual was exemplified by the 
Council to the members of the Assembly 
during their stay in the city, and although 
in rather a crude state, it was well re- 
ceived. At the session of the Senate in 
1884 Dr. Creager was elected speaker, 
and also a member of the Finance Com- 
mittee. At the session of 1885, held in 
the city of Chicago, he was elected vice 
president, and was also retained on the 
Finance Committee, of which he was a 
valuable member. During 1885 he was 
a member of the Committee on Laws. 
At the session of the Senate held at Mans- 
field in 1886, he was chosen president, 
and on his return home was met at the 
depot by the council in a body, and es- 
corted to his residence on Main street, 
where he was most cordially received by 

his neighbors and the members of his 
Council. The following year he was 
unanimously re-elected president of the 
Senate, and was also made a life member 
of that Supreme body — one of the highest 
honors within its gift. In 1888 he re- 
vised the Ritual originally prepared by 
him, which has been unanimously en- 
dorsed by every Council and member of 
the Order. 

In 1 89 1, during the session of the 
Senate at Milwaukee, Wis., he presented 
to the assembly a beautiful and impres- 
sive Burial Service, in perfect keeping 
with the tenets of the Order, which has 
been universally admired. His last and 
best effort, however, in ritualistic work, 
was the Public or Private Installation 
Ceremony written and arranged by him 
in 1894. It is a scholarly production, 
and commends itself to nearly all the fra- 
ternal societies of the country. It can 
truly be said that Dr. Creager has tried to 
serve the order faithfully and well — 
"With malice toward none, with charity 
for all." Takingthe office at a time when 
affairs at headquarters were not in the 
best condition, he has triumphantly come 
through it all, and to-day the National 
Union is recognized as one of the leading 
beneficial societies. 

Dr. Creager is a pleasant and fluent 
speaker, most of his addresses being in 
connection with the Grand and Supreme 
bodies with which he is affiliated. In 
1895 he entered actively into the cam- 
paign which terminated in the nomina- 
tion of Col. Horace S. Buckland as a can- 
didate for common pleas judge, announc- 
ing his name to the convention in an elo- 
quent speech, which was most enthusias- 
tically received. 

JACOB GABEL. The value of a 
biographical work, such as the one 
in which these sketches are found, 
is readily conceded when one realizes 
how fast the old landmarks are disappear- 



ing in the onward march of time, and how 
few are left of that generation of brave 
pioneers under whose patient strokes the 
forests gave place to well-tilled fields with 
their wealth of golden grain, and these, 
in their turn, to busy, thriving villages, 
which anon grew into cities, the smoke of 
whose countless industries ascend without 
ceasing, and the names of whose citizens, 
famous in statesmanship, war or com- 
merce, have become known throughout 
the world. 

The men and women who contributed, 
even in the humblest way, to the planting 
and growth of this great commonwealth, 
must feel a laudable pride, when, them- 
selves in the sere and yellow leaf, they 
can look back on lives spent in honest 
industry and patient toil, and see the re- 
sults in the happy homes and wonderful 
progress of the State, which has been the 
birthplace of so many great men, and 
which holds so enviable a place in the 
Union. Of the early settlers of this State, 
as well as others, many were of German 
birth, and to no class of people is the 
country more indebted for its substantial 
properity. Hardy, industrious and frugal, 
they were well adapted to confront the 
obstacles which lay in the path of the 
pioneer, and to them and their children 
are due the thanks of those now enjoying 
the benefits of their labors. 

Jacob Gabel, the subject of this 
sketch, who is now enjoying at his pleas- 
ant home in Fremont, Sandusky county, 
the rest earned by a long life of activity, 
was born May 4, 1821, in Alsace, Ger- 
many. His parents, Jacob and Barbara 
(Lebald) Gabel, who were natives of the 
same place, sailed for America in 1829, 
when their little lad was about eight 
years old. Their first location was at 
Buffalo, N. Y. , where they were engaged 
in farming for seven years. In 1836 they 
removed to Ohio, and settled in what was 
known as the Black Swamp, in Jackson 
township, four miles from Fremont. Their 
home was a small log cabin, in the midst 

of a dense forest; no roads through the 
timber, no neighbors, no comforts or con- 
veniences of any kind, and mud, mud 
everywhere. Nothing daunted, their busy 
hands cleared away the trees, tilled the 
ground, sowed and reaped the abundant 
harvests and reared the children who 
came to cheer their loneliness. On this 
farm, wrested from the wilderness by in- 
cessant toil, Jacob Gabel, Sr. , lived his 
long life, dying in 1872, at the advanced 
age of eighty-nine years, five months and 
some days. The mother passed away in 
1866, at the ripe age of eighty-two years. 

To this worthy couple were born six 
children — three sons and three daughters 
— all of whom lived to a goodly age: 
Joseph, a farmer in Ballville township, 
Sandusky county, who lived to be eighty- 
two years old; Michael, who followed 
farming in Jackson township, and died 
when sixty-two years old; Jacob, our sub- 
ject; Catharine, who married Louis 
Schutz, and resided in Ballville township, 
where she died at the age of sixty; Eliza- 
beth, who married George Rimmelspach- 
er, and Magdalena, wife of Adam Bien- 

Jacob Gabel, the subject of this 
sketch, grew up on his father's farm, and 
at the age of twenty-three was married to 
Miss Magdalena Durr, who was born 
January 20, 1826, in Wurtemburg, Ger- 
many, and came to this country when 
twelve years old, making her home in 
Ottawa county. Their marriage took place 
in Fremont, May 12, 1845, and the 
young couple took up their abode with the 
father of our subject, where they resided 
until the death of the former. A large 
family, eleven children in all, was born 
to this estimable couple, and on February 
13. 1876, the beloved wife and mother 
passed away, leaving behind her a most 
gracious memory of a loving and well- 
spent life. The following brief record is 
given of the children of Mr. and Mrs. 
Gabel: (i) Catherine, born May 8, 1846, 
married Joseph Dolweck, and lives in 



Ottawa county, this State; she is the 
mother of six children — Clara (who mar- 
ried Fred Bauer; they reside in Cleveland 
and have one child, Helen), Lena, Jacob, 
John, Frank and Alpha. (2) Peter, born 
October 25, 1847, married and living in 
Fremont, has seven children — Rosa, 
Anna, Katie, Mamie, Alois, Herman and 
Estella. (3) Caroline, born May 22, 
1850, married John Busold, and lives in 
Fremont; they have had four children, 
of whom the following are living: Rosa, 
Frances and Lidwina. (4) Jacob, born 
November 20, 1852, is married, and lives 
in Jackson township; his children are 
seven in number: Henry, Ella, Minnie, 
Edward, Herman, Max and Clara. (5) 
Mary, born March 3, 1855, married 
Joseph L. Fegelist, lives in Bellevue, and 
has three children — Ervin, Leander, and 
Oliver. (6) Charley, born April 21, 
1857, lives in Jackson township, and has 
had four children — Frances, Lucy, Leo, 
and Hedwig (deceased). (7) Frank, born 
May 25, 1859, lives in Fremont, and has 
four children — Lidwina, Alphonse, Oscar 
and Olive. (8) Louis, born May 28, 1861, 
lives in Jackson township, and has four 
children — Ida, Roman, Cletus and Clem- 
ent, the latter two being twins. (9) John 
S., born June 23, 1864, lives in Jackson 
township, and has three children — Flo- 
rine, Walter and Bernard. (10) Albert, 
born September 29, 1866, lives in Jack- 
son township, and has one child — Anna, 
(i i) William, born September i, 1870, was 
educated in the Ohio Normal University, 
and subsequently clerked in the drug 
store of Thomas & Grund, in Fremont, 
after which he accepted the position 
which he now holds, that of bookkeeper 
in the First National Bank of Fremont. 
He is a Democrat, and an active member 
of the Young Men's Sodality of St. Jo- 
seph's Church. 

Jacob Gabel, the father of this inter- 
esting family, has for fifty years been a 
successful farmer in Jackson township, 
where he now owns some 600 acres of 

land, accumulated by industry and econ- 
omy. He gives the credit for his success 
to his noble wife, who, he thinks, was the 
best woman in the world. After her 
death he could not bear the loneliness of 
country life, and came to Fremont, where 
he resides with his daughter Caroline. 
Although he has given up the care of his 
farm to his sons, he frequently goes out 
to it and looks after his interests there. 
He also owns a grocery store in Fremont, 
which is managed by one of his sons. 
In politics Mr. Gabel is a Democrat, and 
in religion a devout Catholic. His father 
was one of the founders of St. Joseph's 
Church in Fremont. The last years of 
his life are passing peacefully by in the 
society of hisnumerous children andgrand- 
children, with the sustaining thoughts of 
a life well spent, and the hope of a glori- 
ous immortality. 

CALEB TAYLOR (deceased) was 
born in Maryland, October 20, 
1800. His parents moved to Vir- 
ginia when he was a lad of seven 
years, and after living there two years 
located in Belmont county, Ohio, where 
they remained until 1828, in that year 
moving to Richland county, Ohio, 

In the spring of 1822 Caleb Taylor 
was united in marriage, in Belmont coun- 
ty, with Sarah Yost, who was born in 
that county, Oqtober 21, 1802. Her 
parents were of German ancestry. For 
nine years, or until 1837, Caleb Taylor 
worked at his trade of blacksmithing and 
also at farming, and in that year located 
in Sandusky county, Ohio, on an eighty- 
acre tract of timberland, the greater part 
of which he had cleared by the time of 
his death. He passed away on January 
12, 1 87 1, at the age of seventy-one years. 
Mr. and Mrs. Caleb Taylor had eleven 
children, as follows: John, a carpenter, 
who married Barbara Shrively, and had 
six children; Elizabeth, who married Eli 
Reeves, a retired carpenter of Gibsonburg, 



Ohio; Lydia, who Hves in Oregon, mar- 
ried to Christian Rheinhart, by whom 
she had five children; Ben, who died in 
1864 in the war of the Rebelhon; Will- 
iam, who died at the age of seventeen; 
George, who died in Michigan June 12, 
1893, at the age of sixty years; J. B., a 
resident of Gibsonburg, Madison town- 
ship, who married Cynthia Campbell, and 
has had two children; Enoch, born April 
I, 1837; Hannah, who married Eli Rhein- 
hart, a farmer of Indiana; Mary J., who 
married James Wells, a weaver, and lives 
in Bradner, Wood Co., Ohio; and Aaron, 
who died in infancy. Mrs. Taylor is still 
living, at the advanced age of ninety- 
two, having her home with her daughter 
at Gibsonburg part of the time, and on 
the old homestead. She has for the 
greater part of her life been a devout 
member of the German Baptist Church. 

Enoch Taylor, a son of Caleb Taylor, 
always lived at home, excepting the time 
he was in Steuben county, Ind., where he 
bought forty acres of land on which he 
lived two years. On December i, 1864, 
he was united in marriage with Elizabeth 
Rheinhart, who was born June 4, T844, 
and they have had five children, namely: 
Martha A., who died young; L. C, a 
school teacher in Gibsonburg, Madison 
township, who received most of his school- 
ing at the district school, attended school 
one term at Angola, Ind., and one at 
Fostoria, Ohio (he married Eliza Schnei- 
der); George W., born January 29, 1875, 
who works at home; Mary E., born March 
31, 1877; and Orphia, born March 28, 
1883. Mrs. Taylor's parents. Christian 
and Barbara (Raymerj Rheinhart, were 
natives of Pennsylvania. 

In 1863 Enoch Taylor took his father 
to a railroad station, and on their return 
home the team became frightened and ran 
away, throwing him out and fracturing 
his right shoulder, which injury has caused 
him a great deal of inconvenience in later 
years. In 1876, by a kick from a horse 
in the forehead, his skull was fractured, 

and he was picked up for dead, but after 
two months he was able to get around 
again. Since then his eyesight has been 
impaired. He has always worked hard 
from his youth, and since the death of 
his father has had charge of the old 

DAVID GARN, Jr. The entrance 
of the Garn families into Wash- 
ington township, Sandusky coun- 
ty, dates back as early as 1834. 
They have been widely and favorably 
known as enterprising farmers and busi- 
ness men, and the parents of our subject 
were among the early pioneers of the 
Black Swamp. 

David Garn, Jr., the subject of this 
sketch was born June 3, 1846, in Wash- 
ington township, Sandusky Co., Ohio, a 
son of David Garn and Margaret (Ickes) 
Garn, the former of whom died in Feb- 
ruary, 1848. David Garn's earlier edu- 
cational advantages were limited, but he 
afterward attended the high school at 
Fremont two terms; Normal school at 
Milan, Ohio, two terms; and business 
college at Oberlin, Ohio, one term. He 
was a Union soldier in the war of the 
Rebellion, having enlisted at Fremont, 
Ohio, May 2, 1864, in Company G, One 
Hundred and Sixty-ninth Regiment, O. V. 
I., and served four months at Fort Ethan 
Allen, Virginia, where he suffered from 
sunstroke and camp-fever. On Septem- 
ber 4, I S64, he was honorably discharged 
at Cleveland, Ohio. He was a member of 
Eugene Rawson Post, No. 32, G. A. R. , 
at Fremont, Ohio. To Mr. and Mrs. 
David Garn, Sr. , were born children as 
follows: Sarah, wife of Daniel Swickard; 
Daniel, who was a member of Company K, 
One Hundred and Sixty-ninth O. V. I. 
(he married Miss Hattie King, and their 
children are — Ella, Mary, William, Albert, 
Edward, Samuel); Mary, wife of Michael 
Weible, farmer of Sandusky township 
(they had one child, who with parents are 



all deceased); Isaac, a commission mer- 
chant, of \'inton, Iowa, born February 

9, 1S41, married to T. C. Mitchell, daugh- 
ter of Jacob Mitchell (Isaac was a mem- 
ber of Company G, One Hundred and 
Eleventh O. \'. I); Alexander, born July 

10, 1S43, was a soldier in the Civil war, 
in Company I, Seventy-second Regiment 
O. V. I., and died near Memphis, Tenn. ; 
David, Jr., is the subject of our sketch. 

David Garn, Jr., was married in San- 
dusky county, January 20, 1884, to Miss 
Anna Hoffman, who was born August 10, 
1S64, at Hagerstown, Md., a daughter of 
Jacob and Johanna (Lesher) Hoffman. 
Their children are: Firm, born December 
10, 1884; Ray, born January 3, 1886; 
David, born June 10, 1887; Leo, born 
February 6. 1895. Mr. Garn is a mer- 
chant at Helena, Ohio, and has held the 
office of notary public and of postmaster 
since 1885. He previously held the 
offices of precinct assessor, school direc- 
tor and clerk of the board of public 
schools for eleven years. 

WILSON DWIGHT (deceased) 
was a son of Josiah and Abigail 
(Fish) D wight, and was born 
June I, 1 8 19, upon a farm near 
Cincinnatus, New York. 

When seventeen years of age he came 
to Huron county, Ohio, where he rented 
land and engaged, in his own behalf, in 
agricultural pursuits. One year later his 
father's family also came to Huron coun- 
ty, purchased a farm, and Wilson made 
his home with them until he had passed 
his twenty-seventh birthday anniversary, 
when he wedded Electa Osterhout. To 
this union came four children, viz. : 
Charles G. , who died when eight years of 
age; Jennie M., deceased wife of James 
Swisher; Emma L. , wife of William Lov- 
ering, a contractor, of Findlay, Ohio; and 
Flora Bell, wife of Lester Wilson, an at- 
torney at law of I-'remont, Ohio. 

Shortly after his marriage, Mr. Dwight 

moved to La Grange county, Ind., and 
purchased a farm upon which he resided 
for three years, when he sold out and re- 
turned to Ohio, buying a farm in Groton 
township, Erie county. Here he made 
his home until 1873 when he removed to 
Clyde, Ohio, and purchased a splendid 
home where his widow now resides. 
During the twentj'-two years of his resi- 
dence in Clyde, although he lived a quiet 
life and gave little attention to business 
other than a general supervision of his 
farm, he came to be universally known as 
a man of kind and accommodating dis- 
position, and the personification of honesty 
and integrity. He passed away June 6, 
1895, and was laid to rest in the beauti- 
ful McPherson cemetery, adjoining the 

DAVID R. RUSSELL, who in his 
lifetime was an honored citizen of 
Riley township, Sandusky county, 
was born November 23, 1855, in 
Castalia, Erie Co., Ohio, and is a son of 
Alonzo and Sarah (Baker) Russell, both 
also natives of Ohio, the father born in 
Erie county, April 8, 1S23, the mother 
in Castalia, Erie Co., Ohio, March 28, 
1829. T^hey were married August 28, 

1848, and were the parents of eight chil- 
dren as follows: Sophronia, born in 

1849, 3-nd now living in Erie county, 
Ohio, was married to James Lemon, who 
died in 1881; Lafayette born in 1851, 
married Nettie Lemon, and they have 
two children (they live in Erie county); 
Mary, born in 1853, married George Rig- 
gel, and they have had four children 
(they live in Huron county, Ohio); David 
R. , is the subject of this sketch; Emma, 
born in 1857, married Eugene Zabst, and 
they have one child (they live in Bay 
City, Mich.); Frank, born in 1859, died 
at the age of eighteen years; George, born 
in 1 861, married Maud Upton, by whom 
he has four children (they live in Mis- 
souri); and Sarah, born in 1863, married 



Hiram Harris, and has two children (they 
live in Michigan). 

Alonzo Russell when a young man 
was employed by the day. After his 
marriage he moved to Michigan, bought a 
farm there, lived on it for two years, and 
then selling it removed to Erie county, 
Ohio, where he worked four years for a 
man by the name of David Richmond. 
He saved his money and bought fifty 
acres of land, later purchasing sixty-five 
more. He died February 7, 1874, since 
when his widow has managed two farms. 

David R. Russell, the subject proper 
of these lines, was raised by his parents, 
received a common-school education, and 
worked at home until his marriage. On 
May 2, 1882, he was wedded to Miss 
Harriet Livingstine, who was born April 
8, 1863, in Sandusky county, and five 
children have blessed their union, as fol- 
lows: Sadie May, born March 7, 1883; 
Charles David, born February 9, 1885; 
Rosa Harriet Gertrude, born February 2, 
1887; Clara Catherine, born November 
12, 1888; and John Robert, born Sep- 
tember 5, 1891. Of these children, Sadie 
May died January 17, 1895, aged eleven 
years, ten months and ten days. The 
father, David R. Russell, departed this 
life September 26, 1895, at the age of 
thirty-nine years, ten months and three 
days. He died, of enlargement of the 
spleen, at the home of his sister in West 
Bay City, Mich., whither he had gone for 
the benefit of his health, and his remains 
were brought back to his home by his fath- 
er-in-law, Charles Livingstine, and were 
laid to rest in the Scotch cemetery in Riley 
Riley township, Sandusky county. The 
services at the funerals of both father and 
daughter were conducted by Rev. E. Peiffer, 
in Grace Lutheran Church, at Fremont. 

After their marriage Mr. and Mrs. 
David R. Russell settled in Riley town- 
ship, Sandusky county, her father having 
given her thirty-three acres of land there. 
In 1884 Mr. Russell bought thirty-five 
acres adjoining, paying for it at the rate 

of seventy-five dollars per acre. As did 
his father before him in political matters, 
he voted the Repubhcan ticket, and he 
denoted liberally toward the support of 
the Lutheran Church. 

farmer of Sandusky county, living 
in Ballville village, near Fremont, 
was born March 9, 1817, in Essex 
county, N. Y. , near Elizabethtown, son 
of Daniel and Betsey (Adams) Reynolds. 
Daniel Reynolds was born near Sara- 
toga Springs, N. Y. In 1834 he migrated 
to Ohio with his son, George Reynolds, 
and settled in Lorain county, near Elyria, 
where he remained for some years. In 
the latter part of his life he removed to 
Ballville township, Sandusky county, on 
land now occupied by his son George, 
where he died at the age of sixty-six, the 
mother also passing away at the same 
age. Mr. Re3aiolds was a Whig in poli- 
tics, a descendant of an old Yankee family. 
There were eleven children born to him 
and his wife — Lyllis, George, Harry, 
Melissa, Ransom, Daniel, Rosetta, Phile- 
mon, Lucinda, Edgar and Rousseau — six 
of whom are still living. 

George Reynolds spent his youth and 
attended school in the State of New York. 
After coming to Ohio, he resided about 
five years in Elyria, and afterward re- 
moved to Fremont, settling in Ballville 
township, where he has resided on the 
same farm for fifty years. He has a tract 
of 145 acres of land under a high state of 
cultivation, lying on the east bank of the 
Sandusky river. Here, on February 6, 
1844, he married Miss Maria Prior, who 
was born, November i, 1823, in Sandusky 
county, on their present farm. A brief 
record of their children is as follows: (i) 
Chauncey, born October 17, 1844, mar- 
ried Miss Eftie Bender, and they have two 
children — George and Bessie. (2) C3m- 
thia, born June 6, 1850, married T. L. 
Parker, and now resides with her parents 



(the}' have one child, Eflie, who married 
James Hill, and has a daughter — Delia 
Irene). (3) Orrin, born May 23, 1855, 
was an attorney at law, and died at Fre- 
mont. Ohio, in 1879. (4) Delia, mar- 
ried R. W. Mitchener, and they have 
two children — Kent and Robert Don- 
nell. (5) Ransom, born May 15, 1859, is 
unmarried, and is living with his parents. 
All the married children were married on 
the home farm. Our subject is a Repub- 
lican in politics, and for about eight years 
has been a member of the M. E. Church, 
with which his wife has been united from 
childhood, she being the oldest living 
member of that organization in Fremont. 
Mrs. Reynolds is one of the old pioneers 
of Sandusky county, and can relate many- 
incidents of early pioneer life. 

Among the men of mark of Ottawa 
county, and representative citizens 
of this section of Ohio, stands the 
gentleman whose name is here recorded. 
A native of Sandusky township, San- 
dusky Co., Ohio, born February 9, 1840, 
he was there educated at the public 
schools, and also learned the trade of 
carpenter with his father, who was born 
about the year 1810, in Pennsylvania, 
and died in 1869. The mother of our 
subject passed away on November 4, 
1895, ^t the age of seventy-seven years. 
This honored couple were the parents of 
fourteen children — seven sons and seven 
daughters. At the age of twenty-three 
years our subject moved to Elmore, Ot- 
tawa county, where he has ever since, 
now a period of thirty-two years, been a 
highly-esteemed citizen. For one year 
he was engaged at his trade, and then 
embarked in lumbering and farming, bus- 
inesses he still carries on, in connection 
with which he is also interested in the 
manufacture of staves and headings. In 
1870 Mr. Reed appraised the real estate 
of Harris township to the unqualified sat- 

isfaction of all concerned, thus establish- 
ing a recognition of his adaptability for 
positions to which good judgment is an 
importance essential. In 1892 the "oil 
boom " reached Elmore, and our subject 
at once embarked in that speculation, and 
he has since put down fifteen wells, most 
of which are producing. In 1893 he 
purchased of Caleb Klink the Elmore 
Wagon and Carriage Factory, in which 
he placed the machinery for the manu- 
facture of heading, staves and lumber, 
and in his various businesses he now em- 
ploys an average of some seventy-five 
hands. In the year just mentioned he 
was appointed assignee for the Ottawa 
County Bank, located at Elmore. 

Mr. Reed, in his political proclivities, 
is an ardent supporter of Democratic 
principles, and in 1895, justly appreciat- 
ing his merits and abilities, that party 
placed him in nomination as representa- 
tive of Ottawa county for the Ohio State 
Legislature. Onthesthof November, same 
year, he was elected by a majority of 374 
over his opponent, Emery Thierwechter, 
of Oak Harbor, which in itself is substan- 
tial enough evidence of his popularity. 

In i860 Hon. S. W. Reed was united 
in marriage with Miss Emma Hetrick, 
daughter of George and Catherine Het- 
rick, and to this union have been born 
eight children, to wit: Saloma (Mrs. John 
Reber, of Elmore), William Lester (de- 
ceased, who for several years prior to his 
death was engaged with his father in 
business), EmbroT. (a farmer at Elmore), 
Franklin M. (in a lumber and stave busi- 
ness), Ella, Edwin E., Eva and Warrie 
W. The entire family enjoy the high- 
est esteem and regard of the community 
in which they live. 

EMBRA T. REED. Among the 
younger representatives of the ag- 
ricultural interests of Ottawa coun- 
ty is this gentleman, who was 
born on March 10, 1S65, in \\'ashington 



township, Sandusky Co., Ohio, a son of 
Solomon Wilson and Emeline (Hetrick) 
Reed. The former was born in Wash- 
ington township about 1840, and his first 
business venture was the purchase and 
sale of horses which he secured for the 
Union army during the war of the Re- 
bellion. In i860 he married Miss Het- 
rick, who was born in the same locality in 
1 838, and they became the parents of eight 
children — five sons and three daughters — 
seven of whom are now living; William 
Lester died in 1890 from an injury re- 
ceived several 3'ears before. 

The boyhood days of our subject were 
spent under the parental roof at Elmore, 
Ohio, and he there obtained his educa- 
tion. In 1884, at the age of nineteen, he 
started on a trip through the South and 
West, first going to Texas, thence to Cali- 
fornia, where he remained a year, and 
then on to Montana, returning to his Ohio 
home by the way of North Dakota. He 
continued with his father through the 
winter, and in the succeeding spring went 
to New Mexico and to Colorado, where 
for two years he was engaged in silver 
mining. On the expiration of that period 
he made his way to Oregon and Washing- 
ton, remaining in that section of the 
country for nine months when he again 
came to Ohio. 

On October 11, 18S8, Mr. Reed was 
joined in wedlock with Miss Julia James, 
of Elmore, who was born in Harris town- 
ship, Ottawa county, January 21, 1867. 
She was educated in the district schools, 
and until her marriage remained at home 
with her parents. Her father, Orin James, 
was born in Sandusky county, Ohio, 
February 7, 1832, and came to Ottawa 
county during his boyhood. He married 
Miss Melvina Richards, who was born in 
Ottawa county in 1830, and died in 1873. 
Three children grace the union of our 
subject and his wife: Le Roy Trask, born 
July 28, 1889; Carl De Witt, born De- 
cember 28, 1892; and Arzella, born Sep- 
tember 23, 1894. For a year after his 

marriage Mr. Reed lived in Findlay, Ohio, 
engaged in the cooperage business. He 
then came to Harris township, Ottawa 
county, and took charge of one of his 
father's farms which he is still operating. 
He is also engaged in raising stock for 
the local trade, and is doing a good busi- 
ness. In his political views he is a Repub- 
lican. He and his wife hold membership 
with the Disciple Church of Elmore, and 
are highly-esteemed residents of his lo- 
cality, having many friends. He has the 
culture which travel brings, and many in- 
teresting incidents which he can relate of 
his journey make him an entertaining com- 

CS. KEATING. Although he has 
long since passed his allotted 
three score years and ten, and 
has now entered his eightieth 
year, this well-beloved old gentleman of 
Clyde, Sandusky county, is at this writ- 
ing as erect in figure, as quick 'in action, 
as a man of half his years. His eye- 
sight is keen, and he is yet an active fol- 
lower of Nimrod and of Walton. Each 
summer he visits the haunts of noble 
game, and the favorite nooks of the trout 
and the muskallonge, while his pleasant 
home is adorned with numerous and 
valuable trophies of the chase. In this 
respect it resembles rather some old ba- 
ronial hall than a modern dwelling house, 
and for each trophy Mr. Keating has an 
interesting story. 

He was born in Main April 8, 18 16, 
son of John and Elizabeth (Mathews) 
Keating, both also natives of the "Pine 
Tree State." John Keating was a man 
of earnest convictions. About 18 19 he 
with his wife and family made the long 
and tiresome journey by wagon from 
Maine to Ohio, settling near Zanesville, 
where he farmed and followed the trade 
of millwright. In 1825 he moved to a 
farm in Clinton township, Seneca county. 
There was then but one frame house in 



Tiffin. He cut a wagon road from Tif- 
fin to his little log cabin in the woods 
two and a half miles awa}-, and soon 
after found employment as a ship carpen- 
ter at Sandusk}-, Huron and Fremont, 
following that trade for ten years or 
longer. He was also a Baptist minister, 
and preached the Gospel at frequent in- 
tervals from a sense of right, and not for 
emoluments, and each Sunday he made 
long trips on horseback through the mud 
and woods to fill these clerical appoint- 
ments. He had nine children as follows: 
John M., who died at the old homestead 
after marriage; Joseph, a boss ship- 
builder, who married and lived at Toledo, 
where he was accidentally killed at the 
age of fifty-six years; Edward and Ed- 
win, who both died young; Capt. A. C. 
Keating, of Clyde; C. S., subject of this 
sketch; Henry A., who lives on the 
pike below Cl3-de; George L. , residing 
on the old homestead near Tiffin; Louisa, 
who married Elias Jackson, and is now a 
widow, living in Indiana (Mr. Jackson 
died several years ago); Elizabeth, mar- 
ried to Charles Sloat, now living in Cali- 
fornia; and one child who died in infancy. 
C. S. Keating grew to manhood on 
the pioneer farm in Seneca county, re- 
ceiving a scant education in the log school 
houses of that age. He paid for one 
term of instruction by chopping trees, 
and remembers that one tree which he 
tackled was too large for him, and he was 
obliged to call his father's assistance in 
felling it. He remained on the home 
farm till twenty-two years of age, then en- 
tered the shipyard at Marblehead as car- 
penter; he followed this trade at Lorain, 
on the Black river, at Vermilion, Huron 
and Fremont, for about two years. On 
December i, 1839, he was married to 
Miss Olive E. Butler, born near Rock- 
land, Maine, August 29, 1822, a distant 
relative of Ben. Butler. She is the daugh- 
ter of Brackett and Nancy (Mathews) 
Butler, the former of whom was of En- 
glish ancestry, and by his wife Nancy had 

five children, as follows: Myra, wife of 
Samuel Russ, of Boston, Mass. ; Lucy, 
who died at Clyde, the wife of Gilbert 
Perry; Olive; Marie, wife of Charles Brad- 
bury; Amanda, now Mrs. Boston, of Bos- 
ton, Mass. Mrs. Butler died in 1827, 
and Mr. Butler married again, by his sec- 
ond marriage rearing a family; he died in 
Indiana. Olive met her future husband 
while visiting in Ohio. Mr. Keating be- 
gan housekeeping at Hedges Springs, 
Seneca county. He lived there si.x years, 
and followed his trade of ship carpenter 
at Fremont as well. He also cleared up 
some land in Adams township, Seneca 
county, and farmed there for several 
■years; then bought timber land on the 
pike below Clyde, paying $14 per acre, 
and selling it for $80 per acre during the 
Civil war. At the close of the war he 
bought another farm. He lived on the 
place about six years, then moved to 
Clyde, where he now resides. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Keating were born four children, 
a brief record of whom is as follows: (i) 
Joseph B., born July 8, 1841, was edu- 
cated in the Clyde schools and in a Com-, 
mercial College at Cleveland, followed 
railroading and, subsequently, the jewelry 
business; he died at Huntington, Ind., 
February 25, 1889, leaving two children 
— Laura and Truman. (2) Alice K., the 
widow of William Weaver, is an in- 
structor in the public schools at Hunting- 
ton, Ind. (3) Russ, born October 29, 
1853, is a traveling salesman at Fond du 
Lac, Wis , for the Diebold Safe & Lock 
Co. ; he is married and has one child — 
Charles. (4) Walter L. , born January 
17, 1859, engaged in the safe business at 
La Crosse, Wis. , is married and has one 
child — Florence. Mr. and Mrs. Keating 
celebrated their golden wedding in 1889. 
Mrs. Keating is an active member of the 
Methodist Church, and an earnest worker 
in the temperance cause. Her father was 
a Baptist from boyhood, and was a leader 
in the Church choir, having a cultured 



Mr. Keating has not yet lost his keen 
2est for the gun and fishing rod. He at- 
tributes his well-preserved eyesight and 
his unimpaired vitality, not so much to 
his hardy physique as to the excellent 
care he has taken of himself. The tro- 
phies of his skill which adorn his home 
recall the lines of Walter Scott, in "The 
Lady of the Lake:" 

■ Here grins the wolf as when he died. 
There hang-s the wild cat's brindled hide, 
And all around, the walls to g'race. 
Hang trophies of the fight and chase. 

In the year 1852 Mr. Keating became 
a Free Mason at Clyde, Ohio, joining 
Monticello Lodge No. 244. In politics 
he is non-partisan, with a predilection 
toward the Republican party. Convic- 
tion and principle dominate his ballot as 
well as his religion, and his relations to 
his fellow men. He is a genuine-hearted 
man, held in highest esteem by all who 
know him. 

JOHN L. LEVISEE is one of the 
comparatively few men born so far 
back as 1809. He is the oldest man 
in and one of the earliest pioneers of 
Townsend township, Sandusky county, 
having located there on October 29, 1 83 1 . 
His parents were Aaron and Anna (Lyon) 

James Levisee, his paternal grand- 
father, was born in Connecticut, and went 
from there to New Jersey. He had two 
sons: Aaron Levisee, born in New Jersey, 
July 9, 1774, and John. During their 
younger days these brothers followed the 
sea. While their vessel was lying off the 
coast of South America, a number of the 
crew were stricken with 3'ellow fever, in- 
cluding the brothers, Aaron and John. 
When the}' reached New York, John died 
in the hospital there, but Aaron survived, 
although all his hair fell out, leaving him 
entirely bald. In 1798 x\aron Levisee 
was united in marriage with Anna Lyon, 
who was born in Massachusetts, and their 

children were: Almeda, born August i, 
1799; Avelina, June 21, 1801; Thankful, 
July 15, 1803; Eliza Ann, May 6, 1806; 
John L. and Sarah L., July 4, 1809; two 
who died in infancy; Sophia, born Feb- 
ruary 14, 1815; Emma, born March 24, 
18 1 8; and Aaron Burton, born March 18, 
1 82 1. Of these, the survivors are: John 
L. , the subject of this sketch; Emma, 
widow of William Fuller, of Townsend 
township, Sandusky township; and A. B. 
Levisee, of Clyde, Green Creek town- 
ship, Sandusky county. Aaron Levisee, 
Sr. , died June 18, 1828, in Allen, Alle- 
gany county, N. Y. ; his widow died in 
1845. Mrs. Levisee was a daughter of 
Thomas and Thankful Lyon. 

John L. Levisee was born in Charles- 
ton, Ontario Co. (since Lima, Livingston 
Co.), N. Y. , on the east bank of the Gen- 
esee river, and went with his parents to 
Allegany county in 1822. At the age of 
twenty-two he left his native State to 
make him a home in the unbroken wil- 
derness of northern Ohio. His mother and 
the other members of the family came in 
the following year. Of these sturdy pio- 
neers, it could well be said: "There 
were giants in those days" — giants in en- 
durance, strength and courage. Here 
Mr. Levisee worked for five years, clear- 
ing and preparing a tract of land. At the 
end of that time he was united in mar- 
riage with Diana Stanley, who was born 
in Jefferson county, N. Y. , October 25, 
1 8 TO. They have the following named 
children: Sarah, born May 5, 1838; Anna, 
July 28, 1840; Elizabeth, October 27, 
1842; Eliza, August 18, 1844; Mary Jane, 
October 23, 1846; Civilia, January 30, 
1849; David, November 21, 1850; and 
Chauncey, May 23, 1855. Mrs. Levisee 
was a daughter of Asa and Anna Stanley, 
of York township, Sandusky county, and 
was a member of the Methodist Church; 
her death occurred July 4, 1855. 

On November 15, 1866, Mr. Levisee 
again married, taking for his second wife 
Mrs. Statira E. (Cable) Reynolds, who 



was born in Lorain county, Ohio, June 7, 
1830, a daughter of Shutaael and Ehza- 
beth Reynolds, and they had two chil- 
dren: Francis A., born August 12, 1868, 
and Willie, born July 12, 1870, and died 
December 14, 1870. In his younger days 
Mr. Levisee worked somewhat at the 
carpenter trade. He lives on the farm, 
which he cleared over sixty years ago, but 
retired from the active supervision of the 
place several years since, and his son 
Chauncej' now has the management. Mr. 
Levisee is a Republican in politics, and 
in Church connection is a Universalist. 

prominent and leading physician 
and surgeon of Clyde, Sandusky 
county, was born in Massachu- 
setts, January 15, 1831. In the Willis- 
ton Seminary of East Hampton, Mass., 
he was prepared for college, after which 
he entered the New York University, 
where his literary education was com- 
pleted, graduating in the class of 1851. 
Later he became a student in the med- 
ical department of the same university, 
where he received the degree of M. D. 
In Plymouth, Conn., he began the prac- 
tice of his chosen profession, and re- 
mained there for ten years — the follow- 
ing years in New Haven, Conn., until 
about four years ago, when he came to 
Ohio, leaving his son, a skillful physician, 
in charge of his extensive practice. He 
belongs to the Allopathic school, and in 
New Haven did a general practice; but 
since coming to the Buckeye State has 
made a specialty of chronic diseases, and 
his practice has grown so rapidly that he 
has almost more than he can attend to. 
He has ever been a close student of his 
profession, and well deserves the liberal 
patronage which he receives. 

The Doctor is a son of Amos and 
Clara ("Harniltonj Whittemore, both na- 
tives of Massachusetts, the former born 
at Spencer, the latter at Chester. The 

father began business as an agriculturist, 
but later became connected with railroad 
work, serving for many years as yard- 
master. He was of English descent, the 
great-grandfather of our subject coming 
from Wales at an early day, locating in 
New England, where the grandfather was 
born. The maternal grandfather, John 
Hamilton, came to the New World from 
Ireland, and during the Revolutionary 
war served as lieutenant in the Continen- 
tal army, which rank he was holding at 
the time of Burgoyne's surrender. The 
father of the Doctor was called from this 
life about 1862, at the age of seventy-six 
years; the mother passed away at the age 
of fifty-seven years. They left one son 
besides our subject — Louis W., a resident 
of Hartford, Connecticut. 

At Plymouth, Conn., Dr. Whitte- 
more was united in marriage with Miss 
Fallah Terry (now deceased), daughter of 
Eli Terry, who made the first clock in this 
country, and was the first large manu- 
facturer of clocks in the United States. 
His father, a resident of Windsor, Conn., 
constructed the first wooden clock. To 
the Doctor and his wife have been born 
four children: (i) Dr. Frank H., a gradu- 
ate of Bellevue Hospital Medical College, 
New York, who also studied in Europe, 
and has succeeded to his father's prac- 
tice in New Haven, Conn. ; he is mar- 
ried and has one child — E. Reid. (2) 
William R. , who studied law, but is now 
traveling. (3) Clara, wife of Rev. E. 
Oakley, of Romeo, Mich.; they have three 
children — Frank, Ralph and Roy. (4) 
Lillie (now deceased), who married Charles 
L. Knapp, a manufacturer, of New York 
City; they made their home in Brooklyn. 
For his second wife Dr. Whittemore wed- 
ded, in 1887, Miss Alice J. Blackman, of 
New Haven, Connecticut. 

Although he has but lately come to 
Sandusky county, Dr. Whittemore has 
made many warm friends, and has secured 
a lucrative practice. He uses his right 
of franchise in support of the Republican 



party; while in religious faith he belongs 
to the Congregational Church. He oc- 
cupies quite a prominent position among 
the medical fraternity and holds member- 
ships with the State Medical Association, 
and also with the Sandusky County Medi- 
cal Society. 

JAMES RAMAGE, postmaster at Gib- 
sonburg, Sandusky county, has been 
a resident of that city for about 
twenty-two years, and is held in the 
highest esteem by his fellow citizens. He 
is now holding the office of postmaster 
for the second time, having been ap- 
pointed under Cleveland's first adminis- 
tration, and again under his present one. 
Abner Ramage, the father of our sub- 
ject, was born in Fayette county, Penn., 
and came to Ohio, settling in Holmes 
county in 1823, where he carried on 
farming. He was born in 1800 and died 
in 1 86 1. He was married in Holmes 
county to Miss Susannah Custer, who 
was born in Leesburg, Penn. , and was 
a full cousin of Gen. Custer, who was 
massacred by the Indians on the Little 
Big Horn, during the Indian troubles in 
the West some years ago. Mrs. Ramage 
was about fifty years old at the time of 
her death. She was the mother of ten 
children, of whom our subject is the eld- 
est, the others in the order of birth be- 
ing as follows: Mar}', who married John 
Malone, is deceased; Sarah, who married 
a Mr. Mitchell, is also deceased; John J. 
lives in Delaware county, this State (he 
enlisted, at the commencement of the war 
of the Rebellion, and served all through 
the struggle, receiving a severe wound in 
the hip; he went to the front as orderly 
sergeant, and returned as second lieuten- 
ant; he was with Sherman on his march 
to the sea. On his return home he 
served two terms as county auditor of 
Delaware county, Ohio); Elizabeth died 
in youth; George is a practicing physician 
at Jennings, La. (he was an assist- 

ant surgeon through the war); William 
lives in Memphis, Tenn. ; Delila married 
M. J. VanSwearengen, and lives in Illi- 
nois; Lydia died when sixteen j-ears old; 
Hampton lives in Findlay, this State. 
The Ramages are of French descent, 
and were early pioneers in America. The 
Custers are of Pennsylvania-Dutch stock. 

James Ramage grew to manhood in 
Holmes county, this State, in his boyish 
days attending the common schools which 
were held in log schoolhouses, with 
puncheon floors, greased paper for win- 
dows, and slab seats and desks. He 
worked on his father's farm until twenty- 
eight years of age, in the meantime, when 
twenty-five years old, marrying Miss 
Christma Mills, who was born in Tusca- 
rawas county, Ohio, in 1831, and died in 
1886. This worthy couple were the par- 
ents of nine children, as follows: Eliza- 
beth, now the widow of S. C. Bevington, 
and living with our subject (she has two 
children — Elsie and Floyd); Abner N., 
who died when seven months old; Joseph, 
who died when three years old; Ida, de- 
ceased at the age of two years; Elmer, who 
died when about ten months old; John, 
unmarried and living at home; Alice, now 
the wife of P. A. Rust (they have two 
children — Florence and Dewitt); Hattie, 
who died when nineteen years old; and 
Rena, at home. 

The subject of this sketch learned the 
carpenter's trade in Holmes county when . 
he was twenty-eight years of age, and 
followed that occupation until 1861. He 
then entered the dry-goods business at 
Middletown, Holmes county, and carried 
same on for four years, when he sold out 
and went to Mansfield, this State, work- 
ing at his trade for about four years. In 
1873 he came to Gibsonburg, at the time 
the Pennsylvania railroad was being 
built, and has worked at his trade most of 
the time except when acting as postmas- 
ter. Mr. Ramage has always been a 
stanch Democrat, and has been active in 
promoting the interests of his party. In 



religious faith, he has been a member of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church for about 
thirty years; social!}-, he belongs to the 
I. O. O. F. , and is a member of the 
Masonic lodge, at Genoa. 

FRED CURTISS. The annals of 
the lives of some men read more 
like a romance than sober history, 
on accout of the adventurous turn 
of their mind, and the circumstances un- 
der which the}' have lived, causing them 
to roam from place to place. Among these 
is the gentleman whose name introduces 
this sketch , and who is engaged in the 
grocery business in Clyde, Sandusky coun- 
ty. In Green Creek township, that coun- 
ty, he was born September i6, 1855, and 
is a son of Charles and R. J. (Hurd) Cur- 

Tradition has been more often con- 
sulted and relied upon than recorded 
facts, and as a consequence the English 
origin of the Curtiss family — like Homer's 
birth-place — has many locations. It is 
believed that our subject is descended 
from the Curtiss family of Stratford, 
Conn., who are known to have lived there 
in 1658, as the record shows, and were de- 
scended from William Curtiss, the founder 
of the family in America being one of the 
passengers on board the ship "Lion," 
which arrived in Boston harbor, Sunday 
evening, September 16, 1632. The pa- 
ternal grandfather of Fred was born in 
New York State, and came to Ohio at an 
early day, locating in Sandusky county, 
where his son Charles was born; but the 
former, who bore the name of Benjamin 
Curtiss, died when his son was a mere 
child. The mother again married, and 
the son was reared by his uncle, James 
Cleveland. After his marriage the father 
of our subject settled on the farm near his 
uncle, and after clearing up this tract he 
sold and bought the old homestead in 
Townsend township, Sandusky county, 
whese he engaged in farming, Ijut later 

became a merchant of Clyde, and was 
thus engaged until the time of his disap- 
pearance. He had been unfortunate in 
business, and those who knew him best 
assert that he was swindled by his part- 
ners. He took the matter deeply to 
heart, and one day, saying he was going 
hunting, he started out with his gun and 
was never heard of afterward. His fate 
will doubtless always be an unrevealed 
mystery. This occurred when our sub- 
ject was only five years old, and his 
mother was left with five helpless chil- 
dren and only five dollars of visible means 
for their support. She was born in San- 
dusky county, and is still living at the age 
of sixty-six years. 

The family comprised (i) Benjamin, 
who, at the age of fourteen years, enlisted 
in the United States army. His mother 
afterward secured his release on the 
grounds of his minority, but as he was 
anxious to go into the field he re-enlisted 
for actual service, which he experienced 
until the close of the war, after which he 
came home on a visit. He then went to 
the Pacific coast where he remained 
twenty-two years, most of the time being 
in the employ of the government, but for 
the past few years he has been in the 
timber business. (2) Frank, who also 
served in. the regular army, subsequently 
secured a position with the government, 
hauling supplies to the great Northwest. 
He became a hunter and trapper of Wash- 
ington and Idaho, and in the latter State 
was married, but he now resides in Seneca 
county, Ohio. (3) Fred is next in order of 
birth. (4) Mary is the wife of Robert Foster, 
of Townsend township, Sandusky county. 
(5) Ada. who lives in London, Ohio, is 
the wife of George J. Holgate. As the 
mother was unable to support the family, 
the boys were obliged to go among strang- 
ers as soon as they were able to earn their 
clothes and board, and consequently the 
early life of Fred Curtiss was not a very 
pleasant one. At an early age he began 
peddling fruit on the cars and around the 



depot, after which he drove milk wagon, 
ice wagon and dray, and later became 
brakeman for the Lake Shore & Michi- 
gan Southern railroad. On quitting that 
occupation he worked for one season on 
the farm of William McPherson, a brother 
of Gen. McPherson, and for a while lived 
with the General's mother, working during 
the winter for his board and being allowed 
to attend school, while during the sum- 
mer season he was employed in a brick 

On attaining the age of nineteen years, 
after a series of trials and vicissitudes, 
Mr. Curtiss determined to act on Horace 
Greely's advice to "Go West" and grow 
up with the country. Accompanied by 
an old friend, he accordingly started for 
Wisconsin, and on arriving in New Lis- 
bon, that State, he secured employment 
in a dry-goods store, where he remained 
six months. He then went to Minnesota, 
and thence to Iowa, but found no per- 
manent employment. At Siou.x City, 
Iowa, he engaged with the captain of a 
steamboat to work his passage still 
farther west. He stood the life of a 
" roustabout " until he reached Fort Ran- 
dall, whence he proceeded to Yankton, 
S. Dak., and later went to Vermillion, in 
the same State. On reaching the latter 
place he had but twenty-five cents re- 
maining, and employment was a neces- 
sity. While looking around, to his great 
surprise he met Frank Haywood, the 
friend whom he had left in Wisconsin. 
Through that gentleman he soon found 
employment in a brickyard, where he re- 
mained until securing a better position in 
a sawmill up the river, where he received 
$2.00. On leaving that place he went to 
Nebraska, thence to Missouri, and still 
later we find him in Kansas, where he 
went to work as a stock drover, remain- 
ing there until shipping time in the fall, 
when he came East with the stock. 

On returning home Mr. Curtiss be- 
gan work with J. L. Ames, a farmer of 
Sandusky county, with whom he remained 

for four or five years, after which he be- 
gan railroading again as brakeman. On 
giving up his position he was employed by 
his uncle, T. P. Hurd, of Clyde, until he 
started in business for himself. He 
opened his present store in 1886, where 
he carries a full and complete line of 
staple and fancy groceries, and has now 
the largest trade of any dealer of the 
kind in the city. 

In 1885 Mr. Curtiss wedded Miss 
Catherine Mulchy, a native of Sandusky 
county, where they are both widely and 
favorably known. He liolds membership 
with the Masonic Fraternity, belonging 
to the Blue Lodge, Clyde, and is also a 
member of the Knights of Pythias. As a 
man and citizen he is respected and es- 
teemed by the community in which he 
lives, and enjoys the regard and confi- 
dence of all who know him. He is now 
serving as director of the First National 
Bank. Politically he votes with the Dem- 
ocratic party. 

JACKSON TINNEY (deceased) was 
born in Niagara county, N. Y. , June 
15, 1832, and died at Greensburg, 
Ohio, June 24, 1891. His father, 
Stephen Tinney, was a native of Massa- 
chusetts, and his mother, Julia Scott, was 
born in New York. When Jackson was 
only one year old his parents moved to 
Lenawee county, Mich., where they 
remained six years, thence removing to 
Ohio, and settling in Scott township, 
Sandusky county, in the spring of 1839, 
where the family has since resided. He 
was the third son in a famil}' of four chil- 

On July 4, 1863, he was united in 
marriage with Miss Sarah Inman, daugh- 
ter of William Inman, one of the pioneer 
settlers of Scott township; as a result of 
this union two children have been born — 
one son and one daughter. His wife and 
children survive him. His worth as a citi- 
zen was appreciated, as is shown by the 



fact that he was several times elected 
township clerk, while in 1890 he served 
as appraiser of the real estate of Scott 
township, to the great satisfaction of the 
public and with credit to himself. He 
was a man of honesty and upright char- 
acter. On the da}' before his death he 
worked as usual in the field, but in the 
evening complained of feeling ill, and took 
some home remedies, thinking he would 
feel better in the morning. About mid- 
night he rapidly grew worse, and died 
early Wednesday morning of heart di- 
sease before a physician could be sum- 
moned. His health failed about one year 
before his death when he had an attack 
of the "grip," from which he never re- 
covered. He died June 24, 1891. His 
funeral occurred on Friday following his 
death from the M. E. Church, of Greens- 
burg, the services being preached by Rev. 
S. Kaiser, of Gibsonburg, the text se- 
lected being Matthew vi: 25. The inter- 
ment was made in Metzger Cemetery. 

Mrs. Tinney, widow of our subject, 
was born at Fremont, March 7, 1841. 
When she was a child her parents came 
to Scott township, where her father 
cleared a farm and made a home for him- 
self and family. For fourteen years he 
was assessor of Scott township, and was 
an esteemed citizen of the community in 
which he lived. Mrs. Tinney was edu- 
cated in the public schools of Scott town- 

Alfred W. Tinney, the son of Jackson 
Tinney, was born May 7, 1864, on the 
farm where he now lives. He was edu- 
cated in the common schools of the town- 
ship, in the Fremont High School, and 
Normal at Ada. For several years he has 
been one of the most successful teachers 
of Sandusky county, and is pronounced 
by those who know him as one of the 
ablest young men of Scott township. In 
addition to his school work he carries on 
the old farm of his father as well as a 
small farm of his own. He is always 
found attending to his business, never hav- 

ing any time for the frivolous things of 
life. Cora, his sister, now Mrs. Kleinhen, 
was born August 8, 1868, and acquired a 
common-school education at home. She 
was married June 2, 1893, to Oscar Klein- 
hen, and they now live at Tinney; they 
have one child, Ida Loree, born August, 

who now lives a quiet and peace- 
ful life on his well-improved farm 
near Green Spring, Sandusky 
county, after a thoroughly successful and 
prosperous career on the great inland 
lakes, is by birth an Englishman; but it 
would be difficult to find in this coun- 
try a native-born citizen more intensly 
patriotic than he. His ancestry were 
liberty-loving people, and Captain Laun- 
dy reveres the stars and stripes as the 
only flag to which he now owes any alle- 

He was born in the county of Essex, 
England, April 26, 1842, and is a son of 
Henry and Sarah Ann (Fletcher) Laundy, 
people of Cambridgeshire, England, the 
former of whom was a gardener for Sir 
John. Young. Grandmother Laundy was 
a preacher in the Friends Church in Eng- 
land, and in her old age wrote many 
letters to her descendants in America. 
The father of Henry Laundy was a re- 
ligious refugee in England from Germany. 
Sarah Ann Fletcher, wife of Henry Laun- 
dy, was an Episcopalian. When William 
J. was a small child his parents emigrated 
to Canada from England in a sailing 
vessel, the trip consuming eleven weeks. 
They located on the St. Lawrence river, 
nine miles below Kingston, thence, in 
1 86 1, removing to Huron county, Ontario, 
where they died at the ages of eighty- 
two and eighty-four respectively, eight 
days apart. Henry Laundy was an or- 
thodox Quaker, a strong anti-slavery man, 
and an active "agent" for the "under- 
ground railway." 



At the age of about twenty William 
J. crossed the border to the United States 
for the express purpose of taking up arms 
in behalf of its national preservation. 
He expected to join his brother Fletcher, 
who was a member of an independent com- 
pany of Illinois cavalry; but before he 
reached him Fletcher had lost his health 
in military service, and strongly dissuaded 
William from enlisting. The latter, there- 
fore, went to Milwaukee, where, in 1863, 
he went on the lakes. He commenced 
as a watchman, and worked up rapidly 
to the position of master, or captain, in 
which capacity he plied many years be- 
tween Buffalo and Chicago, being, all 
told, some twenty-three years on the 
lakes. In 1879 he had purchased his 
present farm, located close to Green 
Spring, Sandusky county, and when, in 
1883, he resigned his captaincy, he came 
to his fertile acres, and has been here 
ever since. 

In 1872 Capt. Laundy was married to 
Miss Deborah A. Rouse, who was born 
in Ottawa county, Ohio, December 20, 
1 85 1, youngest daughter of George La- 
throp and Mary (Knapp) Rouse, both of 
old New England stock, the former born 
in New York State September 18, 1809, 
the latter on September 13, 1818. They 
were married in Danbury township, Ot- 
tawa Co., Ohio, April 27, 1838, and were 
early pioneers of that county. Subse- 
quently they removed into the village of 
Marblehead, where Mr. Rouse was for 
many years engaged in general merchan- 
dising, and where he to some degree fol- 
lowed his trade of ship carpenter. He 
died May 26, 1853, and his widow sub- 
sequently married Robert Killey; she still 
lives at Marblehead. George L. and 
Mary Rouse were the parents of eight 
children, as follows: Sabra, born Jan- 
uary 8, 1839, married Dominick Barn- 
holtzer, and died July 22, 1895; Laura, 
born August 3, 1841, wife of John Bos- 
chen; Lucretia, born January 10, 1843, 
married James Fletcher, and died De- 

cember II, 1856; Betsy, born September 
24, 1844, married T. Sexton, and died 
March 20, 1864; George Lathrop, born 
June 17, 1846, lives near Grand Island, 
Neb.; Ida, born April 24, 1848, died un- 
married. May 26, 1894; Joseph, born 
July 30, 1850, died February 24, 1864; 
and Deborah. Robert and Mary Killey 
had three children, of whom Frances, 
born December 15, 1855, and now the 
wife of Frederick Daily, survives. 

To William J. and Deborah Laundy 
three children were born, their names and 
dates of birth being as follows: Fannie, 
September 13, 1882; Mary, August i, 
1888; Luff, August 19, 1893. Capt. 
Laundy is a man of extensive information 
and broad and liberal views. He has 
been a great traveler, and his wide ex- 
perience in life has left upon his receptive 
mind deep impressions, thoroughly as- 
similated by his reflective faculties. His 
wife is a bright, sensible business woman, 
and the devoted couple have the universal 
esteem of the community in which they 

pioneer of the Black Swamp, a 
region lying between the San- 
dusky and Maumee rivers, ex- 
tending several miles on each side of a 
line drawn from Fremont to Perrysburg, 
and as one who has spent the greater part 
of a busy life in helping to subdue the 
dense forests, reclaim the marshes and 
change the once howling, malarial wilder- 
ness into one of the choicest and healthi- 
est garden spots of the Buckeye State, 
the subject of our sketch is well worthy 
of place in these pages. Having his resi- 
dence on the old parental homestead 
which he has so grandly improved and 
beautified, he is able to appreciate the 
marvelous changes which have taken 
place in this region within the last half 
century, and is worthy of the modest 
laurels of pioneer heroes. 



The grandfather of our subject was 
^^'i^iam Havens, a farmer, Hving in the 
State of New Jersey, who married a Miss 
Mackley, and about the year 1815 re- 
moved with his family of eight children 
to Franklin county, Ohio, and settled on 
Black Lick creek, about twelve miles 
east of Columbus. Here, after experi- 
encing the usual vicissitudes of pioneer 
life, he died in 1820; his wife passed 
away twenty years later. Their children 
were Mary. Thomas, Susan, John, Sarah, 
Henry, Martha and William, all now 
dead except William, who is eighty-one 
years of age. 

Henry Havens, the father of our sub- 
ject, was born in New Jersey, in 1809, 
and at the age of six years came with 
his father's family to Ohio. He grew 
up on the home farm in Franklin coun- 
ty, his educational advantages being 
very limited. In the fall of 1831, having 
saved up his hard-earned money, he came 
to Sandusky county and entered 160 acres 
of government land in Section 10, Jack- 
son township, at $1.25 per acre. He 
was married the same year to Miss Sarah 
lams (daughter of Hugh lams, who died 
in 1837), and on March 10, 1832, moved 
upon his farm in the Black Swamp. The 
moving party were ten days on the way 
through the forests, being obliged to cut 
out their way as they went among logs 
and underbrush. They built a double 
log cabin in which they lived comfortably 
for twelve years, when they built a frame 
residence, and herein he resided until 
within one year of his death, which oc- 
curred in 1853, when he was aged forty- 
four years; his wife died in 1 851, at the 
age of thirty-eight. Their children were 
William J., Hugh, Birchard, Mahala, 
Ora and Mary J. Henry Havens was a 
highly-respected citizen, and held the 
office of justice of the peace in his town- 
ship for a term of years. He was one 
of the jurors in the first murder trial ever 
held in Lower Sandusky, known as the 
Sperry case. 

William J. Havens was born Decem- 
ber 13, 1833, in Jackson township. He 
received only a common-school education, 
but by reading and observation he has 
developed a broad and liberal intelligence. 
For many years he has been engaged in 
mixed farming, the raising of grain and 
live stock of superior quality, and at one 
time was the owner of over five hundred 
acres of land, only two hundred acres of 
v^'hich he now retains, having divided the 
remainder among his sons. He has given 
special attention to the breeding and fat- 
tening of fine hogs, while his farm is a 
model one in point of culture. Mr. 
Havens is a public-spirited citizen, and 
has held various offices of honor and trust 
in his community, such as land appraiser, 
town clerk, treasurer, trustee, and mem- 
ber of the board of education. In 1863 
he enlisted in Company B, Fiftieth Regi- 
ment, Ohio Home Guards, became first 
lieutenant of his company, and in the fall 
of that year assisted in the guarding of 
Johnson's Island, in Sandusky Bay, where 
Rebel officers were confined as prisoners 
of war. In the spring of 1864, when 
Abraham Lincoln called on Ohio for 
troops, and Gov. Brough responded with 
40,000 Home Guards, Mr. Havens went 
with his regiment to Cleveland, Ohio, 
where, after consolidation with other 
companies, they were mustered into the 
United States service, and he took his 
place as first lieutenant of Company H, 
One Hundred and Sixty-ninth O. V. I. 
They were sent to the defense of Wash- 
ington, D. C, and were also located four 
months at Fort Ethan Allen, Va. , where 
Mr. Havens was taken down with malar- 
ial fever, which impaired his health and 
rendered him unfit for service. After 
returning with his regiment he resumed 
farming. Mr. Havens is a member of 
the Sandusky County Pioneer and Histor- 
ical Society, of Manville Moore Post, G. 
A. R., Fremont, and of the One Hundred 
and Sixty-ninth O. V. I. Regimental As- 
sociation. He is a Republican in politics, 



and in religious affiliation is a member of 
the U. B. Church, with which he and his 
wife united in 1868. 

On October i, 1852, William J. Hav- 
ens married Miss Ann M. Paden, daughter 
of Alexander and Maria (Remsburg) Paden, 
who migrated from Maryland, where 
they were both born, the father in Hagers- 
town, the mother in Middletown. The 
children born to this union were George 
W. , who married Marcella Svvickard, and 
has two children — Frank and Dora; Ann 
Rebecca, who married Jerome Voorhies, 
and had two children — Stella (who died 
at the age of seven years) and Lula; John 
F., who married for his first wife Ann 
Fry (by whom he had one child, Ida), 
and after her death wedded Miss Fanny 
Winters, by whom he had four children; 
Charles, who married Miss Celiette War- 
ner, and has two children, Milo and Rus- 
sell; Frank, who married Avilda Winters, 
and whose children are Flavel, Robert, 
Essie, Ray, and one son unnamed; James, 
who died in Denver, Col. , at the age of 
twenty years; two children who died in 
infancy; Emma Jane, who married C. C. 
Ritter, and has one child, Virgil; Orrville, 
who married Miss Cora Fought, daughter 
of William Fought, of Gibsonburg, Ohio, 
and whose children are Chattie and Orlie. 

ored pioneer of Scott township, 
Sandusky county, was born in St. 
Lawrence county, N. Y., August 
25, 1816, and died in Helena, Sandusky 
county, Ohio, June 5, 1892. 

He came to Ohio with his parents in 
1835, settling in Scott township, where 
he resided until 1877, when he purchased 
a store in the village of Millersville. Mr. 
Wright, like his brother, settled in Scott 
township when it was comparatively a 
wilderness, and lived, not only to see it 
one of the best agricultural townships in 
Sandusky county, but helped to make it 
such, clearing and making for himself a 

good home, and an excellent start in life 
for his children. In 1856 he was married 
to Miss Louesa Brownell, formerly of. 
Rhode Island. Mr. Wright began his 
career as a merchant in the little village 
of Greensburgh (Tinney), in 1856, and. 
the firm of S. S. Wright & Brother was 
well and favorably known throughout 
Sandusky and adjoining counties as one 
of the most substantial county general 
merchants in that part of the State. Mr. 
Wright was a man noted for his integrity 
and uprightness of character. He left a 
wife and two sons. His funeral services 
were held at his residence at Helena, 
June 7, 1892, the sermon being preached 
by Rev. Schumaker, of Tiffin, and the in- 
terment was made in Metzger Cemetery. 

His wife, Louesa Brownell, was born 
October 12, 1837, in Rhode Island, and 
now makes her home near Fremont. 
Her father, Horace Brownell, was a na- 
tive of Rhode Island, born in 181 1. In 
1830 he came to Ohio, bought a farm in 
Scott township, where he died June 10, 
1869. He was one of the pioneers of 
Scott township, making for himself and 
family a comfortable home from the 
wilderness where he first located. His 
wife was born in Rhode Island in 181 3, 
and died at Gibsonburg, in February, 
1887. She was the daughter of Amasa 
and Debora (Ross) Harris, who were the 
parents of four children: Elias; Louesa, 
born October 12, 1837; Julia, born May 
15, 1842; and Mary, born October 12,. 
1844. Louesa Brownell's (Mrs. Wright) 
paternal grandfather, George Brownell, 
was born about 1786; his wife, Mary 
Bussey, was born about 1790. Thej^ 
had one child, Horace Brownell. Mrs. 
Wright's maternal grandmother, Debora 
Ross, was born about 1773, and was the 
mother of a large family. 

The children born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Solomon S. Wright are as follows: Silas 
E., born January 22, 1857, completed 
his education in Fostoria Normal School, 
and has been associated with his father 



in business at Millersviile; on December 
2 1, 1885, he was married to Anna Schu- 
maker, of Toledo; about 1888 they left 
Millersviile and located on the farm where 
he now lives, and where he has erected a 
;g^ood house and outbuildings. Mr. Wright 
is a member of the I. O. O. F. , and politic- 
ally is a Democrat. To them have been 
born two children — Inez, born October 
18, 1886, and Martin, born January 9, 
1890. Mrs. Wright was born December 
3, 1864, in Toledo, where she was edu- 
cated, after which she learned dressmak- 
ing, which she followed until her marriage. 
She is the daughter of John C. and Mary 
Schumaker. Her father was born, Au- 
gust II, 1829, in Hanover, Germany; 
his wife was also born in the same place 
in 1833; they were married April i, 1853, 
and had a family of six children. Mrs. 
Wright's paternal grandfather was born 
in Germany in 18 14, as was also his wife, 
about the same year. 

W. R. Wright, the other son of S. 
S. Wright, was born January 19, 1864, in 
Scott township, where he received his edu- 
cation, and at nineteen years of age went 
into the livery business at Gibsonburg, 
after one year transferred his business to 
Millersviile, where he remained three 
years. He then sold out and settled on 
the farm where he now lives at Tinney. 
In 1889 he married Miss Louisa Snear- 
ing, of Fremont, who was born March 
2, 1865, in Sandnsky county; she was 
educated in Fremont, and afterward made 
a specialty of music under Prof. Dickin- 
son. For five terms Mrs. Wright was a 
teacher in the public schools of Sandusky 
county. Her father, Sophferia Snearing, 
was a fine linguist, writing and speaking 
fluently three different languages. He 
was born in France about 1830. In 1856 
he was married to Mrs. Nancy Miner, iice 
Nancy Stull, who was born in Reading, 
Penn., in 1829. Fourchildren were born 
to them. Mrs. Snearing's parents were 
born in Germany, and moved to this 
country in 1827. 

though still in the prime of life, 
has witnessed a wonderful trans- 
formation in the land about 
Clyde, Sandusky county, in the village 
itself, and in the conditions under which 
the people here live. 

He is the son of honored pioneers, 
James and Jeannette (Rathbun) Cleve- 
land, and was born in Green Creek town- 
ship, Sandusky Co., Ohio, September 9, 
1838. In his youth Clyde was known as 
Hamer's Corners, and only a few build- 
ings were then grouped here. The old 
stage-coach lumbered lazily through the 
straggling village, stopping at the inn for 
refreshments, while the passengers dream- 
ed about the time when they might hope 
to reach their destination. There were 
then no railroads. The inhabitants had 
not the thrifty and bustling metropolitan 
airs of the present citizens, but the trans- 
position has been made, swift, it seems, 
as the shifting panorama. To one who 
has seen it all, as has George D. Cleve- 
land, the change has been almost magical. 
Clark Cleveland, Sr. , his grandfather, 
migrated with his wife, Jemima (Butler), 
and family early in the century, from Mount 
Morris, Livingston Co. , N. Y. , to northern 
Ohio. He first settled in the forests of 
Huron county, and had made improve- 
ments, when he learned that his title to 
the land was not good. He then packed 
up his few household effects, and pene- 
trated deeper into the western wilderness, 
entering eighty acres of government land 
in Green Creek township, and there 
building his second pioneer cabin some 
time prior to 1822. Here he remained 
until his death, which occurred in 1831, 
in his seventy-first year. The children 
of Clark and Jemima Cleveland were as 
follows: Abigail, who married Oliver Hay- 
den; Cozia, who married William Hamer; 
Moses; Sally, whose first husband was 
Benjamin Curtis, her second, AlpheusMc- 
Intyre; Clark, Jr., who married Eliza 
Grover, and left six children; Polly, who 



married Timothy Babcock; Betsy, who 
married Samuel Baker, and James. James 
Cleveland was born at Mount Morris, N. Y. , 
March 14, 1806, and migrated with his 
father to the pioneer home in northern 
Ohio. He remained with his father until 
his marriage, March 3, 1 831, to Jeannette 
Rathbun, who was born in Genesee coun- 
ty, N. Y. , May 9, 181 5, daughter of Chap- 
lin and Lucinda (Sutliff) Rathbun, pio- 
neers of Green Creek township, Sandusky 
county. At the time of his marriage 
James Cleveland had saved money enough 
to buy forty acres of land in Green Creek 
township, a part of the old Sawyer farm. 
For five years he was clearing and culti- 
vating the land. Then during one winter 
he rented, with his father-in-law, a saw 
and grist mill on Green Creek, several 
miles from the farm. He supported his 
family, and accumulated enough lumber 
to build a barn on his farm, and in the 
spring he returned to his farming opera- 
tions, and purchased some additional land. 
In 1 84 1 he took a contract to grade 
a half mile of the Maumee and Western 
Reserve turnpike. He moved his family 
near the scene of the operations, and 
upon its completion five months later re- 
turned to the farm richer by $600, paid 
in ''State scrip." A part of this he 
traded for building hardware, and erected 
a large frame dwelling in 1845. Mean- 
while he kept adding more acres to his 
now quite extensive farm. He was a 
sagacious, tireless, thrifty pioneer, and at 
the time of his death, which occurred 
September i, 1878, he owned nearly 
400 acres of land, containing some of the 
best and most extensive improvements 
in the county. His wife, who survived 
until August 8, 1891, was a woman of 
unusual energy, and was in every sense 
worthy of his ambitions and plans for 
advancement. She ably seconded his 
efforts to secure a competence that might 
support them in their declining years. In 
physique somewhat below the medium 
size, scarcely weighing 1 20 pounds in her 

best days, she left nothing undone to ad- 
vance the interests of her family. When 
her husband was clearing up the farm 
she hauled the rails which he split 
and made the fences with. Once, when 
help was scarce, she fastened her child 
to her back by a shawl, and, thus burden- 
ed, she planted and hoed corn in the 
field. Her first calico dress she earned 
by picking ten quarts of wild straw- 
berries, and walking to Lower Sandusky, 
where she traded them at a shilling a 
quart for five yards af calico worth two 
shillings a yard. Few pioneer families 
in Sandusky county have left a worthier 
record than that of the Clevelands. Ten 
children were born to James and Jeanette 
Cleveland, as follows: James, born De- 
cember 3, 1 83 1, who reared a family and 
died in 1890, a farmer of Gfeen Creek 
township; Eliza, born November 29, 
1833, married A. J. Harris, of Clyde, 
and died in 1861, leaving two children; 
Clark R., of Green Creek township, born 
April I, 1836; George D., of Green 
Creek township, born September 9, 1838; 
Lucinda, born May 29, 1841, married 
Horace Taylor; Chaplin S., born July 
28, 1844, a resident of Green Creek 
township; John H., born November 21, 
1847, died October 28, 1879, leaving one 
daughter; Sarah, born September 22, 
1 85 1, married Charles Sackrider, and now 
living on the old homestead; Mary, born 
February 25, 1854, married George Cros- 
by, of Clyde; Charles, born December 
30, 1857, died December 14, 1879. 

George D. Cleveland grew to man- 
hood on his father's farm near Clyde, and 
attended the schools in that village. He 
was married in 1864 to Miss Rosa Metz, 
who was born in Seneca county, near 
Green Spring, in 1842. She died in 
1880, leaving three children: Clark, Min- 
nie and Olivia; Bertie died aged thirteen 
months. The second and present wife 
of Mr. Cleveland was Miss Mattie Stroup, 
who was born April 30, i860, in Craw- 
ford county, where she was raised. She 



was married June 29, 1882, to George 
D. Cleveland. After living a few years 
elsewhere Mr. Cleveland settled on his 
father's old homestead. He has been 
buj-ing out the heirs, and now owns 135 
acres located just outside the corporation 
limits of Cl3'de. He is engaged in gen- 
eral farming and stock-raising, and in later 
years he has also devoted considerable 
attention to fruit. He has built an excel- 
lent barn, and his improvements are 
among the best in the township. In 
politics Mr. Cleveland is a Democrat, and 
as a thrift}- progressive citizen he has few 

JOHN FRABISH (deceased) belonged 
to that class of valued and progres- 
sive citizens to whom any commu- 
nity owes its advancement and pros- 
perity, and his death was a loss to the 
entire county. He was born in Saxony, 
Germany, August 16, 18 14, and was a 
son of Godlup Frabish, a farmer of Sax- 
ony. He acquired his education in his 
native town, and then began learning the 
shoemaker's trade. In 1838 he crossed 
the Atlantic to America, locating in 
Wheeling, W. Va. , where he followed 
shoemaking for a short time, later com- 
ing to Ohio, where he engaged in the 
same pursuit in Fremont. 

In 1852 Mr. Frabish became a resi- 
dent of Woodville township, Sandusky 
county, where he purchased one hundred 
acres of land covered with timber. There 
were no roads in the locality, and only 
two other settlers in the neighborhood. 
In true pioneer style he began life upon 
this place, building a log cabin and con- 
tinuing the work of cultivation and im- 
provement. His task was a hard one, for 
his farm implements were crude; but un- 
daunted he continued his labors, cutting 
down the trees, removing the stumps and 
planting crops which soon yielded to him 
good harvests. He had to cut his grain 
with a sickle and thresh it with a flail. 

for the improved machinery of to-day was 
then unknown. He hauled his products 
to the mill at Green Springs with ox- 
teams, a distance of twenty-four miles, 
and there had it ground into flour that 
the family might have bread. He had to 
go to Fremont to market, and went 
through all the experiences and hardships 
of pioneer life; but time and his arduous 
labor brought a change, and a substantial 
frame residence took the place of the 
rude cabin, a fine orchard supplanted the 
wild forest trees, ditches for drainage 
were dug, barns and out-houses were 
built, and all the improvements and ac- 
cessories of a model farm were added. 
Around the home is a well-kept lawn, and 
in front is an ornamental hedge fence, 
making the Frabish farm one of the fin- 
est in the township. 

Mr. Frabish was married in Fremont, 
Ohio, in 1842, to Mrs. Rosenia (Walters) 
Bowers, a sister of Lewis Walters, and 
widow of John Bowers. For more than 
a quarter of a century this happy couple 
lived together in their cabin home, shar- 
ing in the trials of pioneer life, the wife 
encouraging and aiding her husband in all 
possible ways. She died in 1869, and in 
1870 Mr. Frabish married Mrs. Hester 
(Mohler) Tucker, widow of Thomas 
Tucker, who was a native of New York, 
and a farmer by occupation. Removing 
to Ohio, he (Mr. Tucker) followed the 
same pursuit in Madison township, San- 
dusky county. He was married in Fre- 
mont in 1856 to Hester Mohler, and they 
became the parents of four children — Nel- 
son Tucker, a farmer of Woodville town- 
ship, Sandusky county; Addie, wife of 
Reuben Clink; Sebastian, who died in 
childhood, and Franklin, who died in in- 
fancy. Mrs. Frabish was born in Basel, 
Switzerland, in 1833, and came to this 
country in 1847. 

Mr. Frabish was a well-known and 
highly-esleemed citizen, and for a num- 
ber of years held the office of township 
supervisor, being elected on the Repub- 



lican ticket. He was also a director of 
schools for a number of years, taking a 
deep interest in the cause of education. 
He was unfaltering in his support of the 
Republican party, and in his religious views 
was a German Methodist. His life was 
that of an upright and just man, whose 
kindness and generosity were manifest 
toward all. He was a loving husband 
and good neighbor, his genial disposition 
winning for him many friends, and mak- 
ing him very popular with all classes of 
people. His integrity and honor were 
above question, and his fidelity to the 
best interests of his adopted county was 
shown in his devotion to everything cal- 
culated to prove of public benefit — in- 
deed, this Biographical Record would be 
incomplete without a sketch of his life. He 
passed away in 1892 at the advanced age 
of seventy-seven years, five months, twelve 
days, mourned by all who knew him. Mrs. 
Frabish, a most estimable lady, still re- 
sides on the homestead, which is now 
operated by her son, Nelson Tucker, who 
was married, in 1882, to Miss Emma 
Rearick, of Woodville, Sandusky Co., 
Ohio, and resides with his mother. She 
is now surrounded with the comforts of 
life, and enjoys the esteem of a large cir- 
cle of friends. 

JAMES CAMPBELL. One does not 
have to be very old to recall the 
time when the greater part of the 
magnificent State of Ohio was a 
"howling wilderness," nor even to have 
been a participant in the work of the pio- 
neer settlers, clearing away the mighty 
forests, cultivating the virgin soil, building 
roads and bridges, and subduing Nature 
until she became the obedient servant of 
her masters. Then, as the years rolled 
by, these same pioneers have seen the re- 
sults of their labors in busy hamlets, towns 
and cities, in schoolhouses and churches, 
and, best of all, in their children grown 
to be strong and noble men and women, 

who take their places among the wisest 
and best of the land. Happy the people 
who have watched the steady progress of 
the glorious Buckeye State in her march 
to prosperity and honor. 

Among the early settlers of Sandusky 
county were the parents of our subject, 
James and Nancy (Mickmin) Campbell, 
who came hither December 2, 1835, from 
Beaver county, Penn., and settled on 
eighty acres of land in Madison township. 
The father was born March 17, 1796, in 
Beaver county, Penn, of Scotch and Irish 
descent, his paternal grandparents being 
natives of Ireland, those on his mother's 
side coming from Scotland. The mother 
was born in 1794, in Pennsylvania, and 
died in November, 187S, in Sandusky 
county. When this worthy couple came 
west and took up their abode in Sandusky 
county, they settled in the midst of a 
forest. With the assistance of their 
fturdy boys a space was soon cleared, a 
log cabin erected, and the almost inces- 
sant stroke of the axes told daily of fallen 
trees, whose space was speedily converted 
into fruitful fields, smiling with golden 
harvests. On this land, wrested from the 
wilderness, the brave pioneer passed the 
remainder of his peaceful life, closing his 
eyes in death March 17, 1861, at the age 
of seventy-three years. His wife survived 
until November 20, 1878. 

A family of nine children composed 
the parental household, of which our sub- 
ject was the youngest. The others in 
order of birth were as follows: Robert, 
born June 19, 1823, lives in Madison 
township, where he carries on farming; 
Elisan, born July 17, 1825, died May 10, 
1848; Mary, born March 15, 1827, is the 
wife of Adam Ickes, a farmer in Steuben 
county, Ind. ; Daniel, born September 16, 
1828, lives in Indiana; Louise Jane, born 
April 3, 1830, died August 8, 1832; 
Beisilve born December 19, 1831, died 
July 16, 1862; George, born December 
II, 1833, is a farmer of Madison township; 
Sinthiann, born September 8, 1836, is 



the wife of Jonathan Taylor, and Hves in 
Madison township. 

James Campbell, the subject of this 
sketch, was born in Madison township, 
August 1 6, 1839, on the home farm one 
half mile from Gibsonburg. His early 
days were spent in the hard work which 
falls to the lot of a pioneer's son, and he 
chopped timber and cleared away brush 
with his father and brothers, the only 
break in the steady labor being the few 
weeks in the depth of winter, when he 
attended the primitive schools of those 
days and gained what meager stock of in- 
formation could be imparted in that short 
space of time. He grew up, however, to 
be a strong and sturdy young man, and 
in 1862, at the age of twenty-three, fired 
with the patriotism which is inborn in a 
native American, he laid aside his axe 
and plough and donned the Union blue, 
enlisting in Company H, One Hundred 
and Sixty-ninth Regiment O. N. G. 
They were sent to Virginia to guard the 
Capital from the advancing Rebel army, 
and were on duty for 1 1 5 days. He then 
returned to the farm and resumed his 
peaceful occupations. 

On April 11, 1878, Mr. Campbell was 
married to Miss Caroline Zorn, daughter 
of Christian and Catherine (Snyder) Zorn, 
her parents being natives of Germany. 
Mrs. Campbell is the eldest of four chil- 
dren, viz. : Caspar, unmarried and living 
in Deuel county. Neb. ; Philip, who lives 
in the same county, married Miss Santa 
Hartman, and has one child; Mary, who 
is the wife of John Blausley, also living in 
Deuel county, Neb., and has three chil- 
dren. Mr. and Mrs. Campbell have had 
a family of six children, of whom one is 
dead; their names and dates of birth are 
as follows: Eda, August 3, 1879; Eli, 
August I, 1 881; Nelia, September 15, 
1883; Ira, July 24, 1886 fdied June 28, 
1 89 1, agcfl four years, eleven months and 
four days); Matilda, June 6, 1892; and 
Ray, July 1 1, 1894. 

Mr. Campbell has always lived upon 

the home farm, he buying the interests of 
his brothers and sisters after the death of 
the father. He has upon this property 
nine oil wells, which yield him an income 
of $50. per month. He is a Democrat 
in politics, and a man of integrity and good 
business ability. While he is not con- 
nected with anyreligious body, he believes 
in Christianity, is a reader of the Bible, 
and donates liberally to all good causes. 
He has filled the office of school director. 
His wife is a member of the Lutheran 

subject of this memorial was born 
March 17, 1831, at Danbury, Ot- 
tawa county, where he spent the 
days of his boyhood, youth and early 
manhood. He was a son of Wyatt and 
Jane (Kelly) Hartshorn, the former born 
October 16, 1793, the latter on Septem- 
ber 17, 1805. His parents were married 
on the 1 8th of March, 1824, and he was 
the fourth in their family of eight chil- 
dren: Catherine D., born March 8, 1825, 
became the wife of George Mallory, May 
18, 1845; Isaac B., born November 11, 
1826, married Matilda Bryson, January 
28, 1853; Byron, born January i, 1829, 
wedded Mary Knapp, July 28, 1853; 
Sarah M. was born August 17, 1833; 
Alfred, born October 31, 1835, married 
Jane Mathews, August 31, 1859; Harriet, 
born December 27, 1837, became the 
wife of Charles D. Johnson, February 13, 
1859; and Jane, born September 17, 
1842, married Marshall Duroy, March 6, 

His studious habits enabled Fletcher 
Hartshorn to quickly master all that the 
common schools of that day had to teach, 
and to this he added a course of study at 
Delaware and Oberlin. At an early age 
he left school to take charge of his father's 
business, and was soon brought to notice 
as a business manager by the success 
which attended his efforts. Soon his 





financial abilities became well known in 
the commercial circles in which he moved. 
His energy was untiring and his integrity 
beyond question. His sagacity and in- 
sight led to many desirable offers of busi- 
ness connections, some of which he made 
available. He had the Midas touch — all 
ventures seemed to prosper under his 
hands. He became interested at different 
times in farming, grazing, fruit growing, 
the handling and shipping of live stock, 
speculating in real estate, and later in the 
manufacture and shipment of lime. In 
furtherance of the last-named enterprise, 
contiguous to his extensive quarries and 
kilns, he built the work that is known as 
Hartshorn's Dock. 

Mr. Hartshorn was a man of strong 
reliance, resolute character, always re- 
markably reticent in matters concerning 
himself. In such an active career he 
must have met with disappointments, but 
he made no mention of them. He was an 
enthusiast in outdoor sports, his dogs and 
gun furnishing the pastime in which he 
most delighted. He was a royal enter- 
tainer, and in his younger days delighted 
in playing the host to his bachelor friends, 
and later his home, until darkened by the 
affliction under which he suffered, was a 
model of hospitality. When a student at 
Oberlin, he was converted, united with 
the Congregational Church, and often 
acted as teacher in the Sabbath-school. 
He was free from narrowness and bigotry, 
had an open hand for all worthy objects 
of charity, and accepted nothing but good 
works as proof of good character. 

On December 9, 1869, Mr. Harts- 
horn was united in marriage with Ann 
Jemmetta Elwell, the eldest daughter of 
H. H. Elwell, a former resident of San- 
dusky, Ohio, now of Danbury township, 
Ottawa county. Two children were born 
of this union — Lee, born December 10, 
1872, died January 25, 1873; and F. 
Pierre, born June 4, 1875, still residing 
on the homestead. Remaining on his 
farm for several years, his time and en- 

ergies were given to the development of 
its superior resources. 

While still a young man in the enjoy- 
ment of a prosperous and rapidly increas- 
ing business, Mr. Hartshorn was stricken 
with paralysis. The best medical advice 
was summoned, mineral springs sought, 
and every known means employed, hop- 
ing to prevent a recurrence of the dread- 
ed malady. Few may know the deep 
anxiety which his case elicited from all 
his friends. His aged mother, who still 
survives him, with her superior intelli- 
gence and skill; with the accumulated ex- 
perience of years, gave her loving, watch- 
ful care, striving with a mother's solici- 
tude to lessen his sufferings. His 3'oung 
wife, with devotion unparalleled, was 
ever at his side to comfort and cheer, and 
to minister to his every want. But the 
insidious disease could not be eliminated. 
The attacks were repeated, and as time 
passed slowly but surely he was forced to 
yield to the blighting influence, and at 
length became a hopeless invalid. 
Through years of physical suffering, 
though disappointed in hopes and aspir- 
ations, his unimpaired mind was actively 
engaged with his business interests, which 
he advised and dictated with the clear- 
ness and precision of former days until a 
short time before the end came. 

Mr. Hartshorn knew his life work 
was well done, his loved ones abundantly 
provided for, and he often expressed a de- 
sire to be released from the life which was 
now a burden, to enter into rest — to go 
to his Father's house, and there in the 
beautiful mansion prepared for him, abide 
the coming of his beloved whom he was 
to leave for a short time. He knew his 
time was very brief at most — a mere frag- 
ment, as he indicated by measurement 
upon his wasted finger — when they might 
join him there. As these thoughts were 
presented, the light in his dimming eyes 
grew brighter and an expression of satis- 
faction and trust came to his countenance. 
By faith in the precious promises vouch- 



safed him, he had gained a victory over 
death. The tardy messenger came on 
Sunday morning, December 22, 1889. 
The church bells were tolHng the hour of 
six as the released spirit took its flight, 
leaving in our presence the "temple" un- 
tenanted; the seeming requiem of the bells 
unbroken. The wife and only living child, 
though bowed with sorrow ine.xpressible, 
could not ask that he might longer remain 
this side of the "portal." For weary 
3'ears they had witnessed the ravages of 
relentless disease ; with tender sympathy 
felt his affliction — had been "sad in his 
sadness," and now they were " glad in his 
gladness" and they saw him 

Sustained and soothed 

B)' an unfaltering' trust, approach the grave. 
Like one who wraps the drapery of the couch 
About him and lies down to peaceful dreams. 

The obsequies, conducted by Rev. 
George Peeke, pastor of the Congrega- 
tional Church, were observed at the fam- 
ily residence on East Washington street, 
Sandusky, Ohio, Tuesday, December 24, 
at two o'clock in the afternoon. Mrs. 
Mary Robinson assisted by Messrs. Mc- 
Fall and Talcott of the Aeolian Quartette, 
rendered with much feeling the beautiful 
hymn, ' ' Weary of Earth and Laden With 
my Sin." Rev. Peeke selected for the 
subject of his sermon the following appro- 
priate te.xt, taken from St. Paul's Second 
Epistle to Timothy, second chapter and 
twelfth verse: "If we suffer, we shall reign 
with Him." After an eloquent and pa- 
thetic address on the sufferings of man- 
kind and the reward thereof, he referred 
to the departed in the following touching 

"The scope of these remarks applies 
to our departed friend, Fletcher Harts- 
horn. God called him toward suffering 
in order to prepare him for divine no- 
bility. During seventeen years he has 
been a sufferer, and during the past 
nine years a sufferer confined to his home, 
shut in from the busy activities he so much 
loved. The keenness of his suffering can 

be somewhat estimated by considering 
the exceptional vital force with which he 
was endowed. He was a man with im- 
mense vital powers, which, had he care- 
fully considered, might have given him 
an active life until four-score years, but 
his ambition to achieve business success, 
coupled with a desire to see all his affairs 
progress rapidly and hormoniously, made 
him unsparing in his application to every 
detail of business. Early in his business 
life he paid the price of his devotion by a 
paralytic shock. The last nine years 
were years of patient waiting and uncom- 
plaining suffering. It was a signal and 
unusual providence that called so strong 
a man to so many years of trial apart from 
that business life with which his sympa- 
thies were entwined. None but the un- 
seen witnesses of God's moral kingdom 
can know what a soul so placed could suf- 
fer. A disciplining providence placed him 
in the hottest fires, but it melted his dross 
and refined his gold. The result of this 
trial was an unwavering faith, a beautiful 
confidence in God. His frequent express- 
ion was 'It is all right, all right.' Dur- 
ing all his years of trial this was his un- 
swerving attitude. To sit nine years 
wasting away and waiting for the end and 
to feel ' It is all right ' is the very sub- 
limity of confidence and trust. His kind- 
ness was as marked as his confidence. 
The tendency of suffering is to make one 
sensitive, acerb and impatient. None of 
these in our friend. His soul was serene 
and sweet. Conspicuous above all 
shone his remarkable patience. He suf- 
fered and was resigned. His royalty was 
apparent day by day. His patience 
was truely sublime. No saint ever 
suffered martyrdom with more appar- 
ent submission and fortitude than he. 
During my six years acquaintance with 
him, he has been to me a constant 
wonder. To the end he resigned in true 
nobility. All that suffering can do for a 
soul seemed to have been produced in 
Fletcher Hartshorn, and we devoutly 



recognize the fact that he won the crown 
of spiritual martyrdom. Such suffering 
as his could only lead to humble trust in 
Christ. His confessions of confidence 
and hope were clear and explicit. Pa- 
tiently he waited for the hour of deliver- 
ance, and after the fierce conflict of years 
he rests ; 

Asleep in Jesus, blessed sleep, 

From which none ever wake to weep." 

The services were concluded with the 
singing of that beautiful hymn " Lead 
kindly light amid th' encircling gloom." 
The burial was in Oakland Cemetery. 
The spires of the " Silent City" were 
casting lengthening shadows across our 
pathway when we left him to his long 
coveted rest. — [The foregoing is from the 
pens of his loving and devoted wife and 
her mother, Mrs. H. H. El well.] 

In connection with the above sketch 
so ably written, there is little to add, 
though it might truthfully be said of the 
deceased that he was a man of fine edu- 
cation, broad and general reading, and 
of a genial, sunny temperament, and 
every citizen in Ottawa county was his 
warm friend. In his domestic life he was 
a devoted husband and father, attentive 
to his home duties through all his under- 
takings; economical, yet given to acts of 
kindness and deeds of charity where de- 
served. Always busy himself, he had no 
sympath}' for the shiftless and idle; but to 
the unfortunate he was a kind and help- 
ful friend, whose sympathy was shown in 
acts rather than words, and in all plans 
for the advancement of his community, 
his active co-operation could be relied up- 

No biography of Mr. Hartshorn would 
be complete which failed to make men- 
tion of his most estimable wife and widow. 
Side by side for twenty years they jour- 
neyed along life's pathway together, mu- 
tually encouraging and helping — he a kind 
husband and indulgent father — she a 
faithful wife and loving mother. During 

his long and tedious illness, she was not 
only his constant attendant and faithful 
nurse, but also looked after his business 
matters, in connection with his quarry in- 
terests, and in these matters not only 
proved her love and devotion, but also her 
excellent executive ability as a thorough 
business woman. 

EDWIN C. TINNEY, one of the 
pioneers of Scott township, is a 
son of Stephen Tinney, and was 
born in Niagara Co., New York 
State, June 6, 1828. When five years 
old he moved with his parents to Lena- 
wee county, Mich. , where he lived six 
years; thence came to Scott township, 
Sandusky county, where he has since 
lived. After the death of his father there 
was quite an indebtedness on the farm, 
but the boys remained at home and paid 
up the debt, during which time they added 
one hundred acres to the original pur- 
chase. When all was paid the four chil- 
dren — three boys and one girl — divided 
the property among them, our subject 
taking the eighty acres where he now 
lives at Tinney. On his farm is a very 
productive gas well, which supplies the 
home with fuel and light. 

On November 25, 1858, Mr. Tinney 
was married to Miss Catherine Wiggins, 
of Tinney, and to them were born two 
children: Ida May, born March 2, i860; 
and Charlie, born September 21, 1862, at 
Tinney. Ida was educated in the district 
school, and the Normal at Fostoria and 
Fremont High School. She made a 
specialty of music under Prof. Menkhous, 
of Fremont, and for fourteen years has 
been a teacher of instrumental music, she 
finding this preferable to public-school 
teaching, in which she was engaged for a 
time. The son Charlie was educated in 
the Mansfield Normal and in the district 
schools. He was one of Sandusky coun- 
ty's most promising teachers, and had 
also acquired an enviable reputation as an 



editor, his first work in that line being on 
the Daily Herald of Fremont; during the 
last years of his life he was local and 
managing editor of the Fremont Messen- 
ger. He died in the prime of life Janu- 
arj'31, 1885. Mrs. Tinney, wife of our 
subject, was born January 22, 1837, in 
Scott township, Sandusky county, daugh- 
ter of John and Jane (Kelly) Wiggins. 
She was educated in the country schools, 
and was for a time a teacher in Sandusky 
county. When she was a child her 
mother died, leaving her with Mr. and 
Mrs. Andrew Swickard, by whom she was 
brought up and with whom she lived un- 
til she was sixteen years of age, after 
which she made her home with D. S. 
Tinney until her marriage. Her father, 
John Wiggins, was one of Sandusky coun- 
ty's early settlers, coming hither when 
the country was new, and began the 
clearing of the forest and making a home 
for himself and family. He died in 1841, 
at an early age, his wife dying in 1844. 
Mrs. Tinney's parents are thought to have 
been born about the year 1808. 

ELI REEVES. A man can not hold 
public office without either gain- 
ing the confidence and esteem of 
his fellow citizens, or incurring 
their distrust and animosity. That he 
can retain the same office or be elected to 
others equally responsible, for long terms 
of years is, therefore, proof that he has 
performed his duties in an acceptable man- 
ner, and is popular in both public and 
private life. The record of the subject of 
this sketch, who since boyhood has been 
a resident of Gibsonburg, Sandusky coun- 
ty, illustrates this argument. For twenty 
terms he filled the important position of 
township assessor; he was a notary public 
for eighteen years; justice of the peace 
from I ■'^54 to i860, and township clerk 
for si-\ years. In all these capacities he 
earned the commendation of the com- 
munity by his integrity of character and 

upright dealings, while his genial disposi- 
tion has gained him many warm personal 

Mr. Reeves was born February 7, 
1819, in Burlington county, N. J., son of 
David and Grace (Rineer) Reeves, the 
former born in 1778, in Burlington county, 
N. J. David Reeves was married in 
1807, and with his family came to Ohio 
in July, 1 82 1, settling in Salem, Colum- 
biana county. Here he worked at his 
trade of a carpenter until 1832, when he 
removed to Cleveland, Ohio, remaining 
one year. He then located in Madison 
township, Sandusky county, and was 
elected county survevor, which office he 
filled eleven years. At the expiration of 
that time he removed to Fremont, and 
again worked at his trade for several 
years, when he returned to Madison town- 
ship and there died in 1849; his wife sur- 
vived him until 1871, dying at the ad- 
vanced age of ninety years. They had 
a large family, thirteen children in all, of 
whom four are living. 

Eli Reeves was married September 
26, 1844, to Miss Elizabeth Taylor, who 
was born December 2, 1824, in Belmont 
county, Ohio, daughter of Caleb and 
Sarah (Yost) Taylor, the former born Oc- 
tober 22, 1800, in the State of Maryland, 
the latter on October 21, 1802, in Bel- 
mont county, Ohio. The father came to 
Ohio, in 18 10, living in Belmont county, 
where, on arriving at manhood, he rented 
some land which he farmed until 1822. 
In that year he was married, and then re- 
moved to Richland county, where he 
lived nine years, at the end of which time 
he took up his residence in Madison town- 
ship where he spent- the rest of his days, 
dying in 1873. The mother is still living 
at the venerable age of ninety-three years, 
and makes her home with our subject and 
his wife. She was the mother of eleven 
children, six of whom are living. At the 
time of his death Mr. Taylor owned a 
farm of 1 20 acres, eighty of which he 



To our subject and his wife have been 
born ten children, two of whom died in 
infancy; the others in order of birth are as 
follows: Lucinda, born April 28, 1845; 
Melissa, November I, 1847; Miriam, Sep- 
tember 18, 1849; R. D., October 13, 
185 1 ; John C. , April 21, 1854; Sarah A., 
September 17, i860; Candis E., October 
6, 1864, and Grace S., December 27, 
1866. Mr. Reeves began to learn the 
carpenter's trade when eleven years old. 
In later life he bought twenty acres 
of land, and afterward purchased eighty 
acres more. He retired from active work 
in 1889. In politics, he is a Democrat. 
Popular with all classes, and interested in 
everything pertaining to the welfare of 
the community, he enjoys the respect and 
esteem of all. 

among the surviving pioneers of 
Madison township, Sandusky 
county, stands this well-known 
agriculturist, who is a native of Germany, 
born near the city of Louden, Baden, 
near the River Rhine, September 10, 

John Oberst, the father of our subject, 
was a native of Wurtemburg, Germany, 
and followed the trade of a wagon maker 
in his native country until 1832, when he 
crossed the Atlantic to America, the 
voyage occupying ninety days. He was 
married in Germany to Barbara Ault, and 
they became parents of eight children: 
Daniel, a farmer, who died in Indiana; 
John, who also followed farming, and 
died in that State; Conrad; George, who 
died and was buried in Nebraska; Maria, 
widow of Peter Bowman, a farmer of 
Jackson township, Sandusky county; 
Elizabeth, wife of Martin Smith, a farmer 
of Nebraska; Catherine, wife of Solomon 
Hineline, who also follows agricultural 
pursuits in Nebraska; and Christopher, a 
farmer of Indiana, who served in the Civil 
war, and still carries a bullet by which he 

was wounded at Lookout Mountain. On 
coming to this country, John Oberst lo- 
cated in Bay township, then a part of 
Sandusky county, but now in Ottawa 
county, Ohio, where he farmed 140 acres 
of land. He was one of the signers of 
the petition to separate Ottawa county. 
Subsequently he purchased a tract of land 
in Sandusky county, which he owned and 
operated up to the time of his death, and 
he also followed his trade in this country. 
His wife died in Ottawa county. They 
experienced all the hardships and incon- 
veniences of life in such an unsettled re- 
gion, and they were often obliged to go 
as far as Fremont to mill. Their stock 
of provisions, at the time of their com- 
mencing life in Ohio, consisted of one 
bushel of cornmeal, one-half bushel of 
green coffee, forty pounds of maple sugar 
and fourteen bushels of potatoes, but no 
meat whatever, and they ate many a 
meal from the old chest in which their 
wearing apparel was kept. 

Conrad Oberst attended the schools of 
Bay township, and at the tender age of 
twelve years began to earn his living by 
working on his father's farm, also cutting 
and hewing timber for building purposes 
to be used for dwelling houses, barns, 
bridges, etc. He continued to make his 
home under the paternal roof until twenty- 
two years of age, when he went to Erie 
county, and worked for one year as a 
farm laborer, being employed by the 
month. Later he came to Sandusky coun- 
ty, and worked by the year for his brother 
on the latter's farm in Madison township. 
After two years had passed he was mar- 
ried, and then operated, on shares, 160 
acres of land owned by his brother, being 
thus engaged for several years, during 
which time, through industry and econo- 
my, he saved enough capital with which 
to purchase forty acres of wooded land in 
Madison township, Sandusky county. 
This he cleared, but not liking the loca- 
tion he sold out, with the intention of 
going to Michigan; this plan he abandon- 



ed, however, and purchasing another farm 
in Sandusky county, set about its further 
improvement and development. He has 
erected a substantial residence, good 
barns and other outbuildings, planted an 
orchard and made all the improvements 
that are found upon a model farm, and 
is also the owner of three oil wells, which 
are now operated by a Toledo oil firm. 

On September i6, 1853, in Madison 
township, Sandusky county, Mr. Oberst 
married Betsy Florence, who was born 
April 21, 1832, and is one of the twelve 
children of John and Lydia (Roberts) 
Florence. Her father, a prominent farmer 
of Madison township, died in i860; her 
mother passed away in 1862. Mr. and 
Mrs. Oberst became the parents of eight 
children, the eldest of whom was Jennie; 
Robert is engaged in farming and bee 
culture in Jackson township, Sandusky 
county (he married Hattie, daughter of 
Peter Bauman, a farmer of Jackson town- 
ship, Sandusky county); Ellen is the wife 
of Augustus Bowman; Frank is a con- 
tractor and builder; Lucy is engaged in 
school teaching; Harry is a farmer and 
oil pumper (he married Minnie, daughter 
of John Peoples, an agriculturist of Madi- 
son township, Sandusky county); Tillie is 
the wife of William Peters, an oil operator 
of Woodville township, Sandusky county; 
John M., who is a farmer and oil operator, 
married Minnie, daughter of Casper Dau- 
sey, an oil speculator of Rollersville, Ohio. 

Mr. Oberst was for many years elected 
trustee of Madison township, of which he 
was treasurer some eight years, and dur- 
ing the Civil war he had at one time over 
$2,000 in his log cabin belonging to the 
township. He was also elected constable, 
filling that position for a long period, in- 
cluding the trying times between 1861 
and 1865. He also did police duty, and 
his service often equaled in danger and 
hardships that of the " boys in blue " at 
the front. He would have gone to the 
war had it been possible, but there would 
have been no one left to care for his wife 

and children; so he discharged his duties 
to his family by remaining at home, and 
to his country by helping to send substi- 
tutes for those drafted, until he paid $175. 
He has held the office of school director, 
was clerk of school District No. 9 for a 
number of years, is still serving as director 
and is one of the most earnest and effi- 
cient advocates of the cause of education in 
this locality, doing all in his power to ad- 
vance the standard of the schools and 
secure capable teachers. While serving 
as trustee he did much for the improve- 
ment of the township in the way of mak- 
ing roads. His duties of citizenship have 
ever been faithfully performed, and his 
irreproachable service in office won him 
the confidence and respect of all. For 
some years he has been a member of the 
band of Rollersville, playing the tuba. 
His success in life has been secured 
through his own enterprising and well- 
directed efforts, and industry and energy 
are numbered among his chief character- 
istics. In politics he is a Democrat, and 
he and his family attend the Disciple 
Church. He and his estimable wife are 
now enjo3'ing the fruits of their former 
toil, and the high regard of many warm 
friends who respect them for their genu- 
ine worth. 


D. WELLER, attorney at 
law, Fremont, Sandusky coun- 
ty. It is generally admitted 
that rural pursuits and rural 
scenes are most conducive to health, 
happiness and contentment, which city 
life and the mere accumulation of wealth 
can never impart. As a professional 
gentleman who enjoyed these favorable 
environments in his younger days, and 
who appreciates their salutary influence 
on him in later life, we present the sub- 
ject of this sketch. 

Mr. Waller was born in Thompson 
township, Seneca county, Ohio, May 9, 



i860, a son of John and Christena 
(Orner) Weller. The father of our sub- 
ject was born in Freeburg, Snyder Co., 
Penn., March 18, 1821, a son Isaac and 
EHzabeth Weller, well-to-do farmers of 
that county, and who died there. John 
Weller came from Pennsylvania to Ohio 
when a young man, and worked as a 
farm hand about a year at Osceola, 
Crawford Co., Ohio; then four years on 
the model farm of George Close, north of 
Bellevue, Ohio; then si.x years for Daniel 
Close, one of the substantial farmers of 
Seneca county; then one year for his 
next neighbor, Edward Kern, taking good 
care of his earnings and investing them in 
real estate. He first bought and moved 
upon a farm of eighty acres, which in the 
pioneer days constituted a part of what 
was known as the Henry Miller farm, on 
the Kilburn road, northwest of West Lodi. 
This he sold a few years later, and then 
bought the John Payne farm, in Adams 
township, which he likewise sold. He 
afterward bought and sold other landed 
property, until he now owns about 500 
acres, some of which is valued at $125 
per acre. Mr. Weller was self-reliant, 
never had a dollar given him, but accumu- 
lated all his property by hard work, econ- 
omy and prudent investments. In all his 
deals he never gave a mortgage in his life. 
His school education was limited to three 
months, in Pennsylvania, but he snatched 
many spare moments from his daily toil for 
self-instruction in the common branches 
of an English education. In 1851, he 
married Miss Christena Orner, daughter 
of Joseph and Elizabeth (Keller) Orner, 
of Adams township, Seneca Co., Ohio, 
and their children were; Henry J., attor- 
ney at law, in the firm of McCauley & 
Weller, Tiffin, Ohio; Amanda, wife of John 
Dornbach, a farmer of Adams township, 
Seneca county; M. D. , our subject; Laura, 
wife of Louis Breyman, a railroad man, 
of Republic, Ohio; Dexter B., a farmer, 
living with his parents; Andrew J., a 
farmer, living on one of the old home- 

steads; Emma C, at home; one that died 
in infancy; B. Jay, also at home. 

Our subject grew up on his father's 
farm where he learned valuable lessons in 
practical agriculture, and from which he 
attended a country school near by. He 
made such rapid progress in his studies 
that at the age of seventeen he was able 
to teach a country school with good suc- 
cess. After spending one whole year in 
attendance at the Bellevue Union schools, 
he resumed teaching winter schools and 
working on a farm during the summer 
seasons; by the age of twenty-two he had 
taught seven terms of school in the vicin- 
ity of his home, his last term being at Flat 
Rock, Ohio. Mr. Weller began the study 
of law in April, 1883, with Smith & Kin- 
ney, Fremont, Ohio, was admitted to the 
bar December i, 1885, and has been in 
the legal practice at Fremont and vicinity 
ever since. From August, 1887, to Au- 
gust, 1 89 1, he was in the firm of Weller & 
Butman, in fire and life insurance. In 
1884 he was chosen secretary of the San- 
dusky County Agricultural Society, and 
held that office four years with credit to 
himself and profit to the society. He is 
at present a member of Croghan Lodge 
No. jy, I. O. O. F. , and of Brainard 
Lodge, and Fremont Chapter, F. & A. M., 
also of the Knights of Pythias, Clyde, 
Ohio, and last, but not least, of the Fre- 
mont German Aid Society. 

Mr. Weller was married January 30, 
1889, to Miss Carrie Smith, daughter of 
S. H. Smith, grain and lumber merchant, 
of Green Spring, Ohio. Her mother's 
name was Van Sickle. Both of her par- 
ents came from New Jersey. She was 
reared at Green Spring, attended the 
Union schools of that village and then the 
academy, from which she was the first 
graduate, and had the honor of receiving 
her diploma from the hands of ex-Presi- 
dent R. B. Hayes, chairman of the board 
of trustees of that institution. She after- 
wards taught school in Seneca county, 
and later took a course in painting in an 



art school at Cleveland, Ohio. In addi- 
tion to his law practice, Mr. Weller is at 
present engaged in a general loan and real- 
estate business. He is the owner of 
landed property in the oil and gas region, 
Wood county, where he has several oil 
wells in operation. In politics he is a 
Democrat; his wife is a member of the 
Presb3terian Church. 

one of the best known old pioneers 
of Green Creek township, San- 
dusky county. He was born in 
Heath, Franklin Co., Mass., April 9, 
181 5, son of David and Sylva (Roach) 
Streeter, the former of whom was a 
native of the same county, and a farmer 
by occupation. He was a lifelong resi- 
dent of Massachusetts, where he died at 
the age of seventy years; the mother died 
when about sixty years of age. The 
family is one of old New England stock. 
Our subject broke away from the an- 
cestral ties in his young manhood at the 
age of twenty-two years, and sought a 
home in the then distant West. In 1837 
he disposed of his interest in the home- 
stead, and in the fall of the same year 
came to Ohio by means that now seem 
insufferably tedious and slow. He settled 
on a farm in York township, Sandusky 
county, which he opened up, erecting a 
small dwelling. On December 3, 1835, 
he had married Miss Louisa Kennedy, and 
to them were born four children: Edward, 
born in Heath, Mass., June 25, 1837; 
Albert, born September 29, 1839; and 
Alonzo and Lorenzo, born June 25, 1842, 
the latter of whom died September 30, 
1 851; the mother passed from earth De- 
cember 26, 1851. Thus within the space 
of three short months Mr. Streeter lost 
a dear child, and the partner of his youth, 
who died with the confident hope of 
Heaven and a bright place on the Resur- 
rection morn. Edward, the eldest son, 
is married, and had five children — Lydia, 

Charles, Ira, Louisa and Levi — of whom 
Louisa died while young. Albert, the 
second son, married and had four chil- 
dren — Minnie, George, Alice and Mabel — - 
the last named dying young. Alonzo 
married, and had seven children — Waller, 
Roly, Elmer, Clarence, Abbie, Nora 
and Lena, of whom Abbie died young. 
On February 2, 1853, our subject mar- 
ried his present wife, Henrietta Clark. 
Mr. Streeter in politics has been a Whig 
and a Republican, and cast his first Presi- 
dential vote for William H. Harrison. 
In religious faith he has been a promi- 
nent member of the Advent Church. He 
has been an eminently successful farmer, 
and accumulated 300 acres of well-im- 
proved land. This farm he divided among 
his three son — one hundred acres each — 
and there they reside with their families. 
In 1882 Mr. Streeter erected a fine brick 
residence in Clyde, where he now lives a 
retired life, with the respect and esteem of 
the entire community in which he dwells. 

prosperous farmer of Sandusky 
county, Ohio, near Fremont, was 
born January 10, 1820, at Rush 
Run, Jefferson Co., Ohio, a son of Robert 
Andrew and Mary (Kithcart) Sherrard. 

Robert Andrew Sherrard is a descend- 
ant of Huguenot ancestors who, having 
been driven out of the north of France, fled 
to the Lowlands of Scotland and afterward 
removed to Ireland. A coat of arms, and 
a pedigree in tabular form, were in ex- 
istence in 1872, tracing the lineage of the 
Sherrard family back to Robert, whose 
father emigrated with the Duke of Nor- 
mandy. There were two brothers, Hugh 
and William Sherrard, whose father came 
over from Scotland about 17 10, and set- 
tled in Limavady, County Londonderry, 
Ireland. Here Hugh and William were 
born, and when the former arrived at 
manhood he married and settled across 
the Bann Water, near Coleraine. He 





had a son, Hugh Sherrard, who emi- 
grated to America in 1770, and settled on 
Miller's run, in Washington county, 

William Sherrard, from whom are 
descended the Sherrard families in San- 
dusky county, Ohio, was born in 1720 in 
Limavady, where he carried on the busi- 
ness of farming and linen weaving. He 
died wealthy in 1781. In 1750 he mar- 
ried Margaret Johnston, by whom he had 
five children — John, Elizabeth, Margaret, 
James and Mary. John Sherrard was 
born about 1750, immigrated to America 
in 1772, and on May 5, 1784, married 
Mary Cathcart, by whom he had chil- 
dren as follows: William J., David 
Alexander, John James, Robert Andrew, 
Ann and Thomas G. The last named 
was one of the pioneers of Sandusky 
county, and was found dead in Sandusky 
river April 21, 1824, supposed to have 
been murdered by parties who had rented 
his brother John's sugar camp, of which 
he was manager at the time. John 
Sherrard was with Col. Crawford's expe- 
dition against the Indians at Upper San- 
dusky, during which he had many nar- 
row escapes. Robert Andrew Sherrard 
was born May 4, 1789, and married Mary 
Kithcart, by whom he had five children: 
Mary Ann, Joseph K., David A. C, 
Elizabeth and Robert. For his second 
wife Robert A. Sherrard married Miss 
Jane Hindman, by whom he had seven 
children: Nancy, who for the past 
twenty-one years has been principal of 
the Female Seminary of Washington, 
Penn. ; J. H., a Presbyterian minister at 
Rockville, Ind. ; June; Susan; Sarah, de- 
ceased; William, deceased; and Thomas 
J., who is also a Presbyterian minister, 
now preaching in Chambersburg, Penn. 
During the winter of 1894-95 three of 
the sons of Robert A. Sherrard paid a 
visit to Europe, visiting, among other 
places, England, Scotland, Ireland, Ger- 
many, France and Italy, in which latter 
country they trod the streets of old 

Rome; thence they journeyed to Egypt 
and Palestine; near Limavady, Ireland, 
they found some of their cousins living. 
Robert Andrew Sherrard was the author 
of a genealogy of the Sherrard family of 
Steubenville, which was edited by his son, 
Thomas Johnston Sherrard, in 1890. 

David A. C. Sherrard, our subject, 
grew to manhood on his father's farm, 
two miles southwest of Steubenville, Ohio. 
On June i, 1844, he came to Sandusky 
county on horseback, and immediately 
began to improve the forest land which 
he had bought of his father. For about 
three weeks he made his home in a hewed- 
log house which he had rented of his 
uncle Thomas, and which was said to be 
the first hewed-log house erected in Ball- 
ville township, having been put up in 
1823. He then returned to Jefferson 
county, and, on the 4th of September 
following, set out from there with his wife 
and seven-weeks-old child, in a covered 
two-horse wagon, arriving at Lower San- 
dusky September 12. He finished clear- 
ing up nine acres, fenced it, plowed it and 
sowed it to wheat, and then commenced 
the struggle of clearing up a home in the 
Black Swamp. His timber was chopped 
into cordwood, and sold in Lower San- 
dusky. In October, 185 1, Mr. Sherrard 
took the job of clearing off the timber on 
Sections 24, 25, 26 and half of 27, for the 
T. , N. & C. railroad (now the Lake Shore 
& Michigan Southern), and graded half a 
mile of the road-bed east and west of Lit- 
tle Mud creek. In May and June, 1852, 
he furnished and delivered timber for 
bridges over the Muskalounge and over 
Little Mud creek, and hauled and deliv- 
ered timber for Big Mud creek and Nine- 
Mile creek bridges. On September 20, 
1852, he left home with men, teams and 
tools for Hardin county, Ohio, where he 
had a contract on the Pittsburgh & Fort 
Wayne railroad, spending thirteen months 
at grading Sections 43 and 45 of that 
road. In August, 1853, he contracted to 
clear and grade Sections 2, 3 and 4 of the 



Fremont & Indiana railroad (now the 
Lake Erie & Western); he also sent part 
of his men and teams to work upon the 
Pittsburg & Fort Wayne railroad, grading 
the road-bed. In the summer of 1854 
the finances of the Lake Erie & Western 
Company failed, and the work stopped. 
In March and April, 1854, he bought wild 
land in various places, at second hand, 
giving as part pay some horses and oxen 
which he had been using on public works; 
he bought forty acres in Barry county, 
Mich., 320 acres in Ottawa county, Ohio, 
and eighty acres in Sandusky county, 
Ohio. These lands he kept from ten to 
twenty years, and sold them at a profit. 
In January, 1858, he bought of his father, 
R. A. Sherrard, the east half of the 
northwest quarter of Section 5, Ballville 
township, which is now half of his home 
farm. He dealt in real estate in Kansas, 
and in Putnam and Fulton counties, Ohio, 
and he and his son, J. F. Sherrard, bought 
a farm in the oil and gas region west of 
Fremont, which they have leased to the 
Carbon Company of Fremont for a term 
of years. Mr. Sherrard was the first man 
to ship lime in barrels from Fremont, 
Ohio, to the glass works at Wheeling, W. 
Va., in 1864, and he continued this for 
eighteen years, also shipping largely to 
other points for the manufacture of glass 
and paper, and for plastering purposes. 
During the Civil war Mr. Sherrard bought 
horses for the Ohio cavalry. Since 1875 
he has rented his farms and bought up 
live stock, cows and sheep for Eastern 
men, who sold them principally in New 
Jersey. He has now 125 acres under 
cultivation on each of his two farms. In 
1 89 1 he bought a farm of 190 acres in 
Alabama, ten miles north of Huntsville, 
on which his two daughters, with their 
husbands and families, reside. This land 
is very productive, yielding large crops of 
clover, corn, wheat, oats and garden vege- 
tables. In politics Mr. Sherrard has acted 
with the Whig and Republican parties. 
On July 4, 1843, our subject married 

Catharine M. Welday, by whom he had 
three children — Laura A., Keziah W. and 
Elizabeth C. The mother of these died 
September 29, 1847, and on Febru- 
ary 24, 1848, he wedded Narcissa T. 
Grant, by whom he had children, as 
follows: Harriet B., Robert W., John 
F., Emma V., Mary J., Rose T. , 
and Ida M. Of this large family, 
Laura A. married Benjamin Mooney, 
and their children are Lottie S., Emma, 
Mary A. and Nettie. Keziah W. married 
Homer Overmyer, and their daughter, 
Dora, is the wife of Clifton Hunn. Eliz- 
abeth C. married J. S. Brust, and they 
have a daughter — Ida. Harriet B. mar- 
ried Charles E. Tindall, and died Sep- 
tember 16, 1873; they had a daughter, 
Hattie, who married William, son of A. 
J. Wolfe, a farmer west of Fremont, Ohio. 
Robert W. is fully mentioned farther on. 
John F. married Jennie E. Bowlus, by 
whom he had five children — Harry, Ida, 
Robert, Zelpha and Don. Emma V. 
married Josiah Smith, and to them were 
born the following named children: Mi- 
lan, Robert, Jesse, Howard, Orie, Lulu 
and Granville. Mary J. married David 
W. Cookson, and they have a son — Clar- 
ence. Rose T. married John R. Tindall, 
and they have had three children — Mabel, 
Louis and Etta. Ida M. is the wife of J. 
U. Bodenman, a druggist, of St. Louis. 

firm of Flagman & Sherrard, deal- 
ers in groceries, provisions and 
queensware. East State street, 
Fremont, Sandusky county, was born 
December 21, 1849, in Ballville town- 
ship, Sandusky county, Ohio, a son of D. 
A. C. Sherrard. 

Our subject grew to manhood on a 
farm in the vicinity of Fremont, and at- 
tended the country and city schools. He 
remained with his parents until he was 
twenty-one years of age, and while yet in 
his " teens " began to alternate each year 



between teaching country school in the 
winter season and farming the rest of the 
time. In the spring of 1872 he attended 
the State Normal School at Lebanon, 
Ohio, and in the fall of the same year 
and the spring of the next he attended 
the Seneca County Academy at Republic, 
Ohio, then in charge of Prof. J. Fraise 
Richards. He then taught four more 
terms of winter school, alternating with 
farming. In 1885 he bought out the in- 
terest of John Ulsh, in the firm of Flag- 
man & Ulsh, grocers, and has since con- 
tinued in the same place with his 
brother-in-law, C. H. Flagman. By en- 
terprise, fair dealing and good manage- 
ment this firm have built up a prosperous 
trade. Our subject is a Republican in 
politics, and has held various local offices. 
He and Mrs. Sherrard are memliers of 
the Fresbyterian Church, and socially he 
belongs to McFherson Lodge, I. O. O. 
F., to the Order of the Red Cross and 
the Equitable Aid Union. 

Robert W. Sherrard married, on May 
18, 1875, Miss Clara A. Karshner, who 
was born November 23, 1855, daughter 
of Daniel and Lydia (Robinson) Karsh- 
ner, of Riley township, Sandusky Co., 
Ohio. Daniel Karshner, born September 
9, 1822, was a son of John and Christena 
(Drum) Karshner, both of whom died at 
an advanced age in Riley township. The 
children of Daniel Karshner were: Frank, 
who married Louisa Niester; Charles, 
who died in childhood; Alfred L., unmar- 
ried ; Clara A. , wife of Robert W. Sherrard ; 
Ella L. , who died when aged seven; 
Sarah L. , wife of H. C. Flagman; Anna 
N., wife of John N. Smith; Edwin U., 
who married Mary Bardus; and Willis 
C, who died at the age of fifteen. 

Mrs. Clara A. (Karshner) Sherrard 
grew to womanhood in Riley township, 
attended the country schools and the 
Fremont High School, and taught three 
terms of school in the vicinity of 
her home in Riley and Sandusky 
townships. She now presides over a 

neat family residence on East State 
street, honored by its historic connection 
with Gen. Bell, one of the earliest pio- 
neers of Lower Sandusky. The children 
of Robert W. and Clara A. Sherrard are 
Blanche Mae, born March 10, 1876, and 
Zella Gertrude, born January 18, 1884; 
the former is a graduate of the Fremont 
High School, and the latter is a student 
of the same. 

SALES A. JUNE was born in 
Tompkins county, N. Y. , August 
2, 1829, son of Feter June. In 
1833 he came with his father's 
family to Ohio, locating in Sandusky 
city, where he remained until 1849, when, 
at the age of twenty years, he went to 
Cleveland to learn the trade of machinist. 
During the period from 1849 to 1856 
Mr. June alternated between sailing on 
the lakes as an engineer in the summer 
time, and working in the Cuyahoga shops 
in the winter time. About the year 1857 
he went to Brantford, Canada, where he 
became connected with sawmilling, and 
took a contract for furnishing lumber for 
a branch of the Grand Trunk railroad. 
He had a partner in the business, and the 
enterprise was successful, they furnishing 
lumber for the western end of the Buf- 
falo & Lake Erie, then known as the 
Buffalo & Lake Huron Branch, Grand 
Trunk railroad. Mr. June next took a 
contract to build a plank road into the 
oil regions of Canada, at Ennisskillen, 
which he completed just before the Civil 
war broke out in the United States. He 
then returned to Cleveland, Ohio. In 
1862 he went to Buffalo and assisted in 
building and finishing out the United 
States steamer "Commodore Ferry," 
and became engaged as an engineer on 
the vessel, in the employ of the United 
States Government, continuing thus until 
the latter part of 1865. After this he 
superintended the building of a propellor 
for the Fremont Steam Navigation Com- 



pany, and ran her on the lakes until about 
1867, at which time he started a boiler 
works in Fremont, Ohio. After opera- 
ting these works about eight years he sold 
out to D. June & Co., remaining in the 
employ of said company, and being a 
partner in the same until 1890. In the 
year 1891 he received an appointment 
from the United States Lighthouse Board 
at Washington, D. C, to go to Cleve- 
land, Ohio, and superintend the build- 
ing of engines and boilers of two light- 
house boats, the "Columbia" and the 
"Lilac;" the latter boat is now on the 
coast of Maine, and the former on the 
coast of Oregon. In the fall of 1892 Mr. 
June returned to Fremont and engaged 
in the manufacture of the boiler-scale 
solvent, which has been introduced into 
all the leading boiler shops of Ohio, and 
is presumed to be a great success. 

Sales A. June was married to Miss 
Jane J. Campbell, who was born in Cuya- 
hoga county, Ohio, December 29, 1827, 
daughter of John N. and Jane (Quiggin) 
Campbell, and three children were born to 
them, of whom (i) Adelaide J., born May 
10, 1857, was married in 1880 to William 
Waugh, a Scotchman, who is a whole- 
sale fur dealer at Montreal, P. Q. ; their 
children are Florence, Oliver S., Marion 
and WilHam. 

(2) Peter J. June, born September 6, 
1858, grew to manhood and received his 
education in Fremont, where he learned 
the trade of mechanical engineer in the 
shops of D. June & Co. .subsequently going 
to Cleveland, where he worked in the Cuy- 
ahoga shops and for the Globe Shipbuild- 
ing Co. several years. After this he fol- 
lowed steaniboating, as engineer, on the 
lakes from 1878 until i892,during the sum- 
mer seasons, for several lines, running the 
"Conestoga," "Gordon Campbell," and 
"Lehigh," of the Anchor Line; the 
"Wocoken," " Egyptian " and " Cormo- 
raTit,"of the Winslovv Fleet; the "North- 
ern Light," of the Northern Steamship 
Co., and the "City of Toledo," of the 

Toledo & Island Steam Navigation Co. 
In the season of 1890 he had charge of 
the McKinnon Iron Works at Ashtabula, 
Ohio. He is now a partner in the Fre- 
mont Boiler-Scale Solvent Co., Fremont, 
Ohio. Mr. June was married at Tyler, 
Texas, to Miss Jennie, daughter of J. C. 
and Agnes (Boyd) Jones, who were from 
Beaver county, Penn., and of Welsh de- 
scent. They have one child, Robert F. , 
born October 24, 1887. 

(3) Elmer Ellsworth, youngest in the 
family of Sales A. June, was born in 1861, 
and died when nine months old. 

In politics Sales A. June and his son 
are Republicans. They are members of 
the Masonic Fraternity, the former hav- 
ing attained the seventh and the latterthe 
third degree. 

GEORGE JUNE, retired farmer and 
horse dealer, Fremont, Sandusky 
county, was born in the town of 
Dryden, Tompkins Co., N. Y. , 
December 26, 1822, son of Peter June. 
He came with his father's family, in 1833, 
to Sandusky city, where he attended 
school a few terms, as he could be spared 
from work. 

At the age of fifteen George June left 
home to work on his own account, going 
with his brother Daniel to serve as team- 
ster, in the construction of mason work 
in Maumee (Lucas county) and vicinity, 
and helped build the first poor house in 
Lucas county. In 1838 he went south to 
Springfield, Cincinnati and other cities in 
quest of work. He drove a stage for the 
Ohio Stage Company, on the National 
road, about eleven years, and also drove 
stage for some time at Bellefontaine, his 
wages being usually about $14 per month 
and board. After this he went to Cincin- 
nati, and engaged first as a common hand 
to assist a stock company in shipping live 
stock down the Mississippi river; but his 
natural tact and his long experience in 
handling horses soon caused him to be put 



in charge of large consignments of horses 
on vessels, as foreman. For about ten 
years he went south in the fall, and re- 
turned in the spring. Having accumu- 
lated some money, he invested it in a 
large farm in Sandusky county, whereon 
he afterward settled. During the Civil 
war Mr. June furnished cavalry horses for 
the Ohio troops, at the rate of nearly 
2,000 per year. He shipped the first car- 
load of horses that ever was shipped from 
Fremont to Boston, and has shipped 
many a carload since. By his long and 
active out-door life, and his temperate 
habits, he has retained robust health in a 
green old age. 

JOHN GEIGER, farmer, of Fremont, 
Sandusky county, was born in Baden, 
Germany, March 12, 18 19, a son of 
John and Josephine (Cramer) Geiger. 
His father was born in the same place, 
and was by occupation a glass-cutter and 
window-grainer. He died at the age of 
forty-eight years. His widow came to 
America, and died at the advanced age of 
ninety years, in Reed township, Huron 
Co., Ohio. Their children were: Law- 
rence, who died at the age of forty-eight 
years in Shannon township (he was a 
farmer and wagon-maker by trade); Rosa, 
who married a Mr. Nesser, and died in 
Huron county; Mary Ann, a widow, liv- 
ing in Huron county; Frances, who died 
young in Germany; John, the subject of 
this sketch, and Rudolph, who lives in 
Sherman township, Huron county. 

Our subject worked by the month and 
by the year until he came to America, 
and continued thus for some time after 
coming here. On March 14, 1840, he 
landed in New York City after a voyage 
of forty-eight days, and shortly after 
came to Huron county, Ohio, where he 
settled. He borrowed $8.00 in Buffalo 
from an old schoolmate with which to 
come to Ohio, where he worked for $8 
per month at harvesting. After working 

for a while on a farm he commenced 
wagon-making, but in about two weeks 
he was taken sick with a fever which did 
not leave him until cold weather — in 
fact, it was the ague. He left Huron 
county to get rid of it, coming to Fremont 
in the fall of 1840, and remaining in the 
region of the Black Swamp about three 
months, after which he went to where 
Toledo now is, but failing to get any busi- 
ness he returned to Bellevue. When he 
left Huron county he owed a doctor bill, 
to pay which he had to sell his clothes. 
He had had the ague every other day, 
and the rest of the time was employed 
driving a team, but he only received two 
dollars of his wages in money, the rest in 
trade to the amount of six dollars. In 
the latter part of February he had a fall- 
ing out with his employer, and would not 
stay with him over night. He concluded 
to go away ten or twelve miles, to Green- 
field township, and on the way he went 
through a wilderness and found himself 
on a prairie. Here he fell into a ditch 
where the water was up to his waist, but 
he managed to get out, and proceeding 
on his way fell into another ditch in try- 
ing to jump it, this time losing his bundle 
of goods. He now was soaking wet, but 
he had saved his money. He went on 
until he saw a light, which he followed. 
The light went out, but he found a house, 
and when the door opened he dodged in 
without invitation among a Yankee fam- 
ily, with whom he could not talk a word 
of English. He was not slow, however, 
in making his wants known by gestures, 
at which the Germans are so apt, and 
was at once provided for; but he shool 
with the ague, which was worse than th< 
wet. He got to Greenfield township, 
and then started for Huron. On the way 
he took a chill, and lay down till it was 
over. On reaching Huron he got on a 
boat, but he was too sick to sit up, so he 
lay down in a bunk and waited till the 
boat should get ready to go, saying to 
himself, " Let the boat go where it will," 



and fell asleep. The boat started, and 
on the voyage he got seasick, but the 
ague left him, and the next morning he 
was in Cleveland, where he found work. 
When he was getting off the boat they 
stopped him to get his passage money. 
He said, "No monish. " He got a kind 
Dutchman to help him out, whom he paid 
later. Subsequently going to Buffalo, he 
was employed there as a hostler, earning 
$25. He then took passage to Canada, 
where wages were good, and worked there 
two years for a Dutchman at twelve dol- 
lars per month. His employer was a 
kind man, and paid him $200 in good 
money. After working for others and 
earning some more money Mr. Geiger re- 
turned to Huron county, Ohio, and bought 
forty acres of land in Sherman township. 
Here at Milan he started a brick-yard, 
and continued to run it about six years. 
He hauled lumber sixteen miles with one 
horse to build his house, paying out every 
dollar he had for it, and gave a chattel 
mortgage for a barrel of flour. He sold 
these forty-two acres and bought seventy- 
two acres between Norwalk and Milan, 
which he fitted up for a home, and after- 
ward traded it off for one hundred acres 
in Sherman township, upon which he 
moved and went to farming during the 
Civil war. He was drafted on the first 
draft, and hired a substitute, but he was 
loyal to the Government. From Sher- 
man township he moved to Peru town- 
ship, where he was again drafted, and 
here he put in a substitute for three years, 
or during the war. When he was to be 
drafted a third time he was exempted by 
this last substitute. In Peru he cleared 
up a farm of 160 acres. Mr. Geiger is a 
Republican and a Catholic. 

On June 11, 1847, John Geiger mar- 
ried Miss Catharine Grabner, who was 
born January 30, 1823, in Bavaria, and 
the children born to this union were: 
John J. ; Laura, who married Louis 
Hours and had children as follows — Fan- 
nie, Metz, Alpha, Arthur and two others; 

Mary, who married Albert Smith and had 
children — Rosa, Alta, Charles and Frank; 
Frank, who married Mary Hippie, and 
had six children, and Mathias, who mar- 
ried Ann Bitzer, and whose children were 
Herod, Alice, Theresa, and Ada May. 
Mr. Geiger moved to his present resi- 
dence May 8, 1891. Mrs. Geiger was a 
daughter of Lawrence and Katharine 
(Ohl) Grabner, who landed in America 
after a passage of eight weeks on the 
ocean, and settled in Huron county, Ohio, 
in 1839. Mr. Grabner died at fifty-three 
years of age. His children were: Mary, 
who married John Suter; Margaret, who 
married Casper Kirgner; Catharine, now 
Mrs. Geiger; John, who married Rebecca 
Bigler (now deceased), and Peter, who is 
also deceased. 

JOHN B. LOVELAND, of Fremont, 
Sandusky county, was born Feb- 
ruary 20, 1827, in New Haven town- 
ship, Huron Co., Ohio, of English 
descent, his great ancestor having settled 
in the Connecticut Valley in the year 1635. 
At the age of nineteen Mr. Loveland 
left his father's home and farm for Ober- 
lin College, which was then a manual la- 
bor institution, and here for four years 
he paid his way with manual labor dur- 
ing term time, and by teaching district 
schools during the winter vacations. In 
1854 he took a position as teacher in the 
Fremont Union Schools, which he held for 
ten years with credit to himself and to the 
entire satisfaction of all concerned. He 
next served as superintendent of schools 
at Bellevue, Green Spring and Woodville, 
adjoining towns in the same county, and 
during his connection with these schools 
he was a member of the Sandusky County 
Board of school examiners, faithfully dis- 
charging the duties of his of^ce for the 
term of fourteen years. He was also an 
officer of the Sandusky County Teachers' 
Institute some twenty-five years. Having 
found leisure time for the study of law, Mr. 



Loveland was admitted to the bar March 
20, 1876, by the district court at Fre- 
mont, but he does not make the practice 
of law a specialty, preferring the retire- 
ment of his farm just outside the city 
limits. He is the author of "The Love- 
land Genealogy," in three large octavo 
volumes, published in 1892-95. Mr. 
Loveland is a stanch Republican, and be- 
lieves that the mission of the Republican 
party is not yet ended. He cast his first 
vote in 1848 for the nominee of the Free- 
Soil party, in 1852 voted for John P. 
Hale, candidate of the new party, in 
1856 for John C. Fremont, and in i86o 
for Abraham Lincoln. From first to last 
he was opposed to slavery. He is a de- 
cided advocate of temperance and prohi- 
bition, uses no tobacco, and despises the 
use of alcohol in all its forms as a bever- 
age. He believes the use of the one is 
the stepping-stone to the use of the other. 

John B. Loveland was married at New 
Haven, Huron Co., Ohio, August 22, 
1850, to Miss Martha Jane, daughter of 
Nicholas and Delilah (Hunsicker) Watts. 
She was born in Owasco, N. Y. , March 
3, 1 83 1, and died at Fremont, February 
27, 1883, the mother of children as fol- 
lows: Martha Amelia, born July 31, 1851, 
died August 22, 1851; Nicholas Eugene, 
born November 20, 1852; and John El- 
mer, born December 22, 1862. On April 
22, 1884, John B. Loveland, for his second 
wife, married, at Fremont, Mrs. Harriet 
Newell Paxson, lu'e Loveland, who was 
born at Waterville, Penn., February 17, 
1838. At the age of sixteen our subject 
united with the Free-Will Baptist Church 
in New Haven, and he and Mrs. Love- 
land are now members of the M. E. 
Church at Fremont. 

N. E. Loveland, farmer, of Green 
Spring, Ohio, was born in Greenfield 
township, Huron county, November 20, 
1852, and spent his early life on his fa- 
ther's farm at Fremont. In 1872 he gradu- 
ated from the Fremont High School, after 
which he served as superintendent of the 

Port Clinton and Woodville schools. He 
studied law with the firm of Everett & 
Fowler, Fremont, and was admitted to 
the bar by the district court, March 20, 
1876, subsequently practicing his profes- 
sion at Columbus Grove and at Fremont, 
but he has now retired to his farm. He 
is a strong advocate of temperance, and 
in politics is a Republican. On November 
16, 1876, he married Miss Annie Parker, 
of Green Spring, who was born there 
July 24, 1857. They are both members 
of the Seventh-Day Advent Church. The 
names and dates of birth of their children 
are Bertha Eugenie, December 15, 1877; 
Grace Eola, April 25, 1883; Roy Dana, 
April 2, 1886; Daisy Melita, June 3, 1889; 
and Ernest Eugene, October 20, 1892. 

J. Elmer Loveland, an emyloye in 
the Carbon Works, was born at Fremont, 
December 22, 1862, and received his 
education in the Fremont city schools. 
His present residence is on a lot of land 
adjoining that of his father. On October 
29, 1882, he was married, at Clyde, 
Ohio, to Miss Anna Murphy, who was 
born in New York city September i, 
1864, daughter of Michael and Nora 
(Dillon) Murphy, and their children are: 
Martha Hazel, born April 22, 1884; 
Herman, born September 26, 1887; and 
John Talcott, born July 22, 1892. 

JOHN F. GOTTRON, proprietor of 
stone quarry, and dealer in building 
stone, lime, etc., at Fremont, San- 
dusky county, is a native of same, 
having been born there July 21, 1855, a 
son of Philip and Clara (Fertig) Gottron. 
Philip Gottron was born September 
12, 1812, in Mumbach, Germany, where 
he grew to manhood, and was engaged in 
the lime and the roofing-tile business un- 
til he emigrated to America. He was 
mayor of Mumbach, and at different times 
held other public offices, serving as a 
member of the city council. In 1854 he 
came to America, locating in Fremont, 



Ohio, where he conducted a hotel for 
some \'ears and a brick-yard. About the 
year 1862-63 he did the first extensive 
business in hme in Fremont. He bought 
a part of the extensive quarries now 
owned by his sons, and carried on a prof- 
itable trade, retiring from business in 
1878; he died in 1881. He was a Dem- 
ocrat in politics, and a Roman Catholic 
in religious faith. His wife was also born 
in Mumbach, Germany, where they were 
married, and she came with him to 
America, dying April 26, 1871. They 
had eleven children (two of whom were 
born in America), as follov.'s: Margaret, 
wife of George Engler, of the firm of 
Engler, Baker & Co., stock and grain 
buyers, Fremont, Ohio; Clara, widow of 
Philip Setzler; Herman, who died at the 
age of thirty-four; Frank, who is foreman 
of the kilns in connection with his broth- 
ers' business at Fremont, Ohio; Anna, 
widow of Andrew Hodes; Anthony N., 
keeper of a restaurant at Fremont, Ohio; 
Rosa, wife of S. Geier, of Cleveland, 
Ohio; Barbara, wife of W. G. Andrews; 
of Cleveland, Ohio; Adam, who is a part- 
ner with his brother John F. in the stone 
quarry, of Fremont, Ohio; John F. ; 
and Philip, who married Miss Ellen Hid- 
ber, and lives at Fremont, Ohio. 

John F. Gottron was reared in Fre- 
mont, where he attended both parochial 
and public schools, and assisted his father 
in business. At the age of thirteen he 
was taken out of school to do work in 
lime-kilns, continuing thus until he was 
twenty, whenhe went to Cleveland. Ohio, 
and worked a year and a half on Broad- 
way and Central avenue, for a brother- 
in-law, after which, in 1877, he returned 
to Fremont, where he has been engaged 
in the lime business ever since. When 
the Gottron Brothers started in this busi- 
ness, our subject had only $20 and his 
brother $100. In 1890 they bought out 
all competitors, and now have full con- 
trol of the business. They furnish founda- 
tion stones for buildings and bridges, 

employing twenty-five men in the sum- 
mer season in the quarries, and ship lime 
to various parts of Ohio, Michigan, In- 
diana, Pennsylvania and New York. 

On October 3, 1882, John F. Got- 
tron married Miss Bertha Andrews, who 
was born June 13, 1859; she received a 
part of her education in a convent in 
Germany. Her parents were Christo- 
pher and Mary (Fertig) Andrews, the 
father born in North Germany January 
8. 1828, and the mother June 11, 1824, 
in Bensheim. They both came to 
America in childhood. He died March 
27, 1878; she is living with her daugh- 
ter at Fremont, Ohio. Their children 
were: William G., who married Barbara 
Gottron, and is in the milling business at 
Cleveland, Ohio, being vice-president 
and one of the principal stockholders in 
the Broadway Mills Co., of which he was 
one of the organizers; T. M., living at 
Cleveland; Catharine, wife of A. N. Got- 
tron, of Fremont, Ohio; and Bertha, wife 
of our subject. 

After marriage Mr. Gottron moved to 
his home in the Fourth ward of Fremont, 
and during the second year thereafter 
was elected to the city council, of which 
he was president from 1885 to 1889, and 
served as clerk for four years following. 
In 1894 Mr. Gottron completed one of 
the most beautiful homes in the city at 
the corner of Birchard avenue and Mon- 
roe street, where he now resides. He is 
a member of the Roman Catholic Church, 
the Catholic Knights of Ohio, the Order 
of Elks and of the German Aid Society. 
Mr. and Mrs. Gottron have two children: 
Mabelle and John F. , Jr. 


ERLIN BABCOCK, one of the 
substantial and popular farmers 
of York township, Sandusky 
county, comes of pioneer stock. 
He was born in Ontario county. New 
York, June 27, 1819, son of Elisha and 
Prudence (Hinkley) Babcock, both natives 


^ ^ 


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5^ ^^\:iy ^^^^'-is^^n 




of Stevens township, Rensselaer Co., 
New York. 

Elisha Babcock was born in 1783, of 
remote Holland ancestry, but he himself 
always used to insist that he was a Yan- 
kee. He was a Whig in politics. In 
1823 he migrated by team with his family 
from New York to Green Creek town- 
ship, Sandusky Co., Ohio, where he 
purchased government land, and was 
among the earliest settlers, the family 
living for a few v>'eeks in an old sugar 
shanty while a cabin was being erected. 
The parents went to their long rest many 
years later, after they had converted the 
wilderness into a fruitful farm. To Elisha 
and Prudence Babcock were born five 
children, as follows: Laura, who first 
married P. C. Chapel, and for her second 
husband wedded J. C. Coleman, a grocer 
of Fremont, where she died; Esther, who 
married George Waldorf, of Allegany 
county, N. Y. , and died there; Clark, 
who married Ann Lee, and was a farmer 
of Porter county, Ind. ; Hiram, who 
married Mary Ann Lay, and after her de- 
cease wedded Josephine Woodruff, and 
who died in Green Creek township, in 
1886, leaving seven children; Merlin, the 
youngest child, is the only survivor of the 

Merlin Babcock was but four years of 
age when he migrated with his parents to 
Sandusky county. He remained on the 
old homestead in Green Creek township 
until he was twenty-seven years old, in 
his youth attending school in winter about 
three months, and in summer two months. 
For his first wife he married Almira Dir- 
1am, a native of Massachusetts. She died 
in 1846, leaving three children: Sarah, 
wife of John J. Craig, of Coffey county, 
Kans. ; Callie B., who married G. M. 
Kinney, by whom she had one child. 
Merlin, and who now keeps house for her 
father; and Frank, a resident of Gibson- 
burg, who has five children — Burton, 
Edith, Amy, Chauncey and Jesse. After 
the death of his first wife Mr. Babcock 

left his father's homestead and moved to 
his present farm in York township. Here 
he married Agnes E. Donaldson, by whom 
he had one child, John C, now a resi- 
dent of Nevada. He engaged in general 
farming for a time, then removed to Wads- 
worth, Nevada, and there engaged in the 
hotel business. After his wife died in the 
western home he returned to Sandusky 
county, and has since resided on his farm 
in York township. In politics Mr. Bab- 
cock has been a Henry Clay Whig. He 
cast his first vote for W. H. H. Harrison, 
and also voted for his grandson, Benjamin 
Harrison, for President. Mr. Babcock 
remembers hearing Gen. Harrison make 
a speech at Old Fort Meigs in 1840. He 
remembers, too, with vividness, the re- 
markable change that has come upon the 
face of the country during the past fifty 
years, and among other things the three 
old mills on Coon creek, near Clyde, that 
ran several months each year, that stream 
then being filled from bank to bank, in 
striking contrast to the present attenuated 
flow of water. He served York town- 
ship for nineteen years as assessor, and 
has filled various other local offices. Mr. 
Babcock is an upright citizen, and is with- 
out an enemy. At his old home in York 
township he enjoys the serenity and com- 
fort which should crown a life so well spent 
as his has been, and he commands the 
highest respect and esteem of a wide cir- 
cle of friends and acquaintances. 

A J. HALE, station agent of the 
Lake Shore & Michigan Southern 
railroad, Fremont, was born in 
Steuben county, N. Y., May 25, 
1828, son of Samuel and Sarah Hale. 

Samuel Hale was born in Massachu- 
setts, and his wife in Connecticut, whence 
she early removed to western New York, 
and there grew to womanhood. They were 
married at Albany. He was first a lumber 
dealer in various sections of the State of 
New York, and later a general merchant, 



doing business at Tyrone, Steuben county. 
He died in 1842, at the age of fifty-seven 
years, and she died at Lake Geneva, in 
1857, at the age of sixty-three, a member 
of the Baptist Church. Ten children 
were born to them, nine of whom grew 
to maturity. 

A. J. Hale was reared in Steuben 
county, N. Y., and attended the public 
schools until thirteen years of age. He 
then served as clerk in a store, in New 
York State, for two years when, in 1842, he 
came to Bellevue, Ohio, and was there 
actively engaged in business until 1852, 
when he removed to Fremont, becoming 
agent for the Lake Shore & Michigan 
Southern railroad, in 1857, which position 
he filled until 1861. At the outbreak of 
the Civil war, in 1 861, he helped to raise 
the first company of three-year men in 
Fremont, and entered the service as sec- 
ond lieutenant of Company E, Twenty- 
fifth O. V. L After serving with the 
company a short time at Camp Chase, 
Columbus, Ohio, he was appointed and 
commissioned quartermaster of the 
Twenty-fifth O. V. L, under Gov. Tod, 
at the suggestion of Gen. R. B. Hayes. 
Mr. Hale had not sought the position, 
but was chosen on account of his fitness 
for the place. His regiment was assigned 
to duty with the army of Western Virginia 
and he became senior regimental and 
post quartermaster, in October, 1863, 
resigning his post and returning to Fre- 
mont, where he resumed his old place as 
ticket and freight agent for the combined 
offices of the Lake Shore & Michigan 
Southern and the Lake Erie & Western 
railroads. He continued thus until 1880, 
when the increasing business of the roads 
demanded that the business departments 
be separated, and he became freight and 
station agent for the Lake Shore alone, 
and is now acting in that capacity. His 
long period of service before the public 
and his excellent qualities as a citizen 
have made him one of the best known 
and most highly respected citizens in the 

community. In fraternal affiliation he is 
a member of the Knights of Honor and 
of the Royal Arcanum. Mr. Hale was 
married, in Bellevue, Ohio, in 1850, to 
Miss Elizabeth A. Simkins. 

native "Buckeye," having been 
born in Fremont, in 1859, a son 
of Jacob and Elizabeth (Vogt) 
Baumann, natives of Switzerland, who 
came from their native country to Fremont 
in 1854. 

Jacob Baumann, his father, has been 
identified with the business interests of 
Fremont since 1856, and by his persever- 
ance and strict attention to business has 
acquired a competency which places him 
in the front rank as one of the solid, sub- 
stantial business men of Fremont. He is 
and always has been an active Democrat 
in politics, but never seeking office. His 
wife died January 7, 1892, aged fifty-six 
years. Their children were: Jacob Bau- 
mann, Jr., of Fremont; Emma Baumann, 
who died recently; Elizabeth Baumann, 
at home; and Albert Vogt, our subject; 
they also had an adopted daughter, named 

Our subject grew to manhood in Fre- 
mont, attended the city schools, and then 
took a thorough business course at East- 
man College, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. He has 
been identified with the progress and de- 
velopment of his native city since his boy- 
hood days, and has taken an active in- 
terest in everything designed for the good 
of the county. He has recently become 
prominent among the oil and gas men of 
Sandusky and adjoining counties. In 1884 
and 1885 he was principal owner and 
manager of the Dcmoci-atic Messenger, 
the organ of the Sandusky County Demo- 
cracy at Fremont. He was elected city 
clerk in 1882, and served in that capacity 
for six years, having been twice unani- 
mously re-elected. In 1884 he received 
the nomination of the Democratic party 



for auditor of Sandusky county, and was 
defeated by William L. Baker. In 1887 
he was again nominated by the Demo- 
cratic party for county auditor, and was 
elected over Mr. Baker, who defeated him 
three years previous. In 1891 he was re- 
nominated and re-elected county auditor, 
receiving the largest majority of any on 
the county ticket. His whole time and 
attention is now devoted to his business 
interests, which have become extensive, 
mainly through his persevering nature and 
untiring efforts. He is largely interested 
in The Fremont Gas Company and The 
Fremont Electric Light Company, being 
a director in each and secretary and treas- 
urer of both companies. In January, 
1889, Mr. Baumann was married at Fre- 
mont to Miss Anna Rose Greene, daugh- 
ter of Judge John L. Greene, of Fremont. 
To their union were born two children: 
Albert Vogt, Jr., and Elsie Elizabeth. 
To his wife and children he is devotedly 

born in Sandusky township, San- 
dusky Co., Ohio, March 30, 1848, 
grew up there and attended the 
district schools. Being a weakly child, 
the physicians ordered that he should take 
a voyage, hence he started on one on the 
lakes when he was a boy ten years old. 
He succeeded in sustaining himself from 
the outset, and sailed on the lakes every 
summer. He finally went before the mast, 
remaining in that capacity until his mar- 
riage, in 1873, to Miss Delia Morrow, 
who was born in Sandusky City, Ohio, in 
1854, and died in 1876, leaving one child, 
Le Roy, who is now a drug clerk in Fre- 
mont, Ohio. Our subject's second wife, 
Martha F. (Flinck), was born in Erie 
county, in 1867, married in 1882, in Lo- 
rain, Ohio, and has two children: Wilson 
O., and Westford F. 

After his first marriage Mr. Shannon 
located in Fremont, where he served in 

various occupations until 1874, when he 
passed the examinations in Cleveland, 
Ohio, and received his certificate as mas- 
ter seaman and first-class pilot on the 
Great Lakes. He has sailed a boat near- 
ly every summer since after his location 
in Fremont, also operated his farm in 
Sandusky township in connection with 
sailing; but five years since he located per- 
manently in Fremont. He is still com- 
manding a steamer. He is a member of 
thel.O.O.F. and of the Disciples Church 
of Lorain, Ohio. His wife is also a mem- 
ber of that Church. Capt. Shannon is 
well known on the lakes and around Fre- 

John Shannon, father of our subject, 
was born March 2, 181 3, in the " Block 
House" at Scioto, which was erected as 
a fortress during the war of 181 2. The 
name Shannon is of Low-Dutch origin, 
descending from our subject's great-grand- 
father, George Shannon. He came to 
America in the seventeenth century, lo- 
cated at Schenectady, N. Y. , and was 
well-to-do financially. He died about the 
year 1828, at an advanced age. He had 
two children: John and George, the lat- 
ter of whom, our subject's grandfather, 
came west to Ohio in 1809. Soon 
afterward he was married, in Sandusky 
county, to Mary Whittaker, who was 
born in that county in 1799, and died 
in 1827. She was the daughter of 
James and Elizabeth (Fulks) Whittaker, 
who were both stolen by a party of In- 
dians from the Mohawk Valley, New York 
State. The great-grandfather of our sub- 
ject was about two years old and his great- 
grandmother about four years old when 
they were taken to Lower Sandusky (now 
Fremont), which was then the headquar- 
ters of the Indians in this section. They 
were reared by Indians, and by some 
means were made head of the Indian 
tribes. They were married by Indian 
ceremonies. In due course of time they 
established a trading post on the Whit- 
taker Reserve, which was given them by 



the Indians. They also had a trading 
post at Upper Sandusky. Mr. Whittaker 
kept that post, and Mrs. Whittaker the 
one on the Whittaker Reserve. The In- 
dians traded, from many miles around, at 
Lower Sandusky, and recognized the 
Whittakers as their rulers and chiefs. 
Mr. Whittaker had a partner at Lower 
Sandusky, and was poisoned by him so 
that he died; he was hurried on the Whit- 
taker Reserve. Our subject's grand- 
mother died in the spring of 1832. They 
had children as follows: Isaac, Nancy, 
Mary (subject's grandmother), James, 
Rachel, Charlotte and George. Our sub- 
ject's father saw and knew all of them 
except Nancy, who was married early in 
life to a Mr. Wilson, and moved to 
Canada. In 1 832-33 two of her daughters 
visited here, and afterward a young man 
came and staid a short time; he was here 
at the time of grandmother's death, but 
was never seen afterward. The rest of 
that branch of the family died in Canada, 
or, at all events, all trace of them has 
been lost. 'Isaac died in Indiana; James 
died in White Pigeon, Mich., where he 
had been a merchant (our subject's father 
was there at that time); Rachel married 
James A. Scranton, of Lower Sandusky, 
and was a prominent figure here for years; 
Charlotte died single; George, the young- 
est, died in Indiana. 

Our subject's paternal grandfather 
never knew what became of his uncle 
John. Grandfather married asecond time, 
but nothing positive is known of their 
history. He was a farmer and a great 
hunter. He made hunting his chief occu- 
pation, and employed others to operate 
his farm. He died at the age of forty- 
two, and his wife at thirty-six. They had 
eight children, six of which grew to ma- 
turity: Elizabeth, married to Samuel 
Hubble, a ship carpenter at Fort Miami; 
James, who died near Oregon; John, sub- 
ject's father; William, a farmer, who died 
at Genoa, Ohio; Rachel, who died young; 
Samuel, who died at Plaster Bed, Ottawa 

Co. , Ohio, and Jacob, who died in Fulton, 
Ohio. Our subject's father, John Shan- 
non, is the only one of these now living. 
Capt. Shannon's paternal grandpar- 
ents went away for safety from the war 
in the fall of 181 2, and subject's father 
was born in the block house built at 
Scioto, to protect the whites against the 
Indians. While a party of whites were 
digging potatoes and tending other crops 
they were attacked by Indians, and the 
paternal grandfather of our subject was 
so badly wounded that he had to crawl 
two days and nights to reach a friendly 
Indian's cabin, and was assisted back to 
Scioto. He was severely wounded in the 
back, from which he suffered two years, 
during which time the doctor took thirty- 
one pieces of bone from his back. He 
was a strong man and a great hunter. 
Our subject's father grew up among the 
Indians, was a great hunter in the early 
days, and is still a noted duck shooter. 
On October i, 1840, he was married to 
Miss Eveline Patterson, who was born in 
Onondaga county, N. Y. , in 1824. She 
died October 9, 1893. They had ten 
children: Sarah, Emma Jane, Julia (who 
married Andrew Franks, and lives in 
Michigan), Capt. O. L. (oursubject), John 
W. (who lives in Sandusky township), and 
Fannie (wife of Frank Scheffler, of Fre- 
mont, Ohio); the rest of the children 
died young. After the death of our sub- 
ject's mother, his father, John Shannon, 
married Mrs. Sophia Peter, who was a 
widow at that time. 

BYRON R. DUDROW, a resident 
of Fremont, Sandusky county, is 
a native of Ohio, born March i, 
1855, in Adams township, near 
Green Spring, Seneca county, and is a 
son of David W. and Mary J. (Rule) 
Dudrow, the former of whom was born 
October 25, 1825, in Frederick county, 
Md., a son of David and Elizabeth 



(Hines) Dudrovv, also natives of Mary- 
land, born of German ancestry. 

David W. Dudrow settled in Seneca 
county, Ohio, in 1845, becoming the 
owner of a large farm there, which he 
conducted up to the time of his decease, 
prospering himself and assisting others to 
prosper, his life presenting a striking ex- 
ample of industry, integrity and unselfish- 
ness. On January 8, 1853, he was mar- 
ried to Miss Mary J. Rule, who was born 
in Seneca county, Ohio, daughter of 
Daniel and Jane (Grosscost) Rule, to 
which union were born eight children, 
four of whom died in infancy, and three 
sons and one daughter are yet living, to 
wit: Byron R. , in Fremont, Ohio; Will- 
iam and Fred, in Adams township, Sene- 
ca county, engaged in farming and stock- 
raising; and Jennie, with her mother on 
the old homestead. On May 16, 1888, 
the father, David W. Dudrow, met with 
a fatal accident, being instantly killed by 
the kick of a horse. 

Daniel Rule, grandfather of Byron R. 
Dudrow, was born October 28, 1801, on 
the banks of the Susquehanna river, in 
Perry county, Penn. , was of Teutonic de- 
scent, and spoke the German language 
fluently, while his wife, Jane (Grosscost), 
was of Scotch-Irish lineage. In the fall 
of 1824 he moved to Seneca county, 
Ohio, at which time the Seneca Indians 
lived on the Seneca Reservation, and he 
became well acquainted with many of 
them, some of whom were Redmen of 
note in their day, including the famous 
warrior chief Small Cloud Spicer, who at 
that time was a resident of the Sandusky 
Valley. Samuel Rule, brother of Daniel, 
owned and improved a large farm in Me- 
nard county. 111., dying there November 
7, 1884, while George, a half-brother of 
Daniel, was one of the pioneers of San- 
dusky county, Ohio. Daniel Rule's 
grandfather was a soldier in the Revolu- 
tionary war, serving under Gen. Wash- 
ington, and participated in the siege of 
Yorktown ; after the surrender of Corn- 

wallis he returned to his home in south- 
ern Pennsylvania, and there succumbed 
to an abscess which had formed in his 

Byron R. Dudrow, the subject proper 
of these lines, received his elementary 
education at the district schools of the 
neighborhood of his place of birth, which 
was supplemented with a course of study 
at the Union schools of Tiffin and Clyde, 
Ohio. This for a few years occupied his 
winter days, his summers being passed 
for the most part in assisting on his 
father's farm in Adams township. In 
the autumn of 1872 he entered the Pre- 
paratory Department of Baldwin Uni- 
versity, Berea, Ohio, remaining there 
continuously until June, 1877, returning 
home only for his vacations. By close 
application and hard study he gained one 
year upon his class, and did not require to 
attend college during the session of 1877- 
78; but in the latter year he returned to 
Berea, and on June 6th graduated from 
Baldwin in the classical course, receiving 
the degree of B. A. On June 9, 1881, 
the degree of M. A. was conferred upon 

On June 18, 1877, Mr. Dudrow com- 
menced the study of law in the office of 
Basil Meek, at Clyde, Ohio, and was ad- 
mitted to the bar by the District Court, 
April 26, 1879. He did not, however, at 
once enter into active practice, but 
served as deputy clerk of courts of San- 
dusky county from the time of his ad- 
mission to the bar until April 26, 1880, 
at which time he commenced the practice 
of the law. He has been engaged in the 
trial of some prominent cases, and with 
success. One of the most important 
trials in which he has engaged was the 
defense of Mrs. Lizzie Aldridge, who was 
charged with the murder of her husband, 
John Aldridge, the trial taking place at 
Hastings, Neb., in June, 1889. Mrs. 
Aldridge was acquitted, and of Mr. Dud- 
row's efforts in this case the Hastings 
(yieh.) Republican sdixd: "Mr. Dudrow, 



of Fremont, Ohio, was an earnest and 
pleasing talker; every word and action 
had power and weight that exerted an in- 
fluence upon the jurors." The Adams 
county (Neb.) Democrat, also speaking 
of his able argument at the same trial, 
said: "Of Mr. Dudrow, of Fremont, 
Ohio, it may be said that during the trial 
he won the good opinion and admiration 
of our people by his manly, eloquent and 
logical argument to the jury, and by the 
able manner in which he conducted the 
part of the case assigned to him." From 
1883 till 1888 Mr. Dudrow practiced law 
in partnership with H. R. Finefrock, and 
since 1891 he has been associated with 
his father-in-law, Basil Meek, and John 
W. Worst. 

On November 21, 1878, Mr. Dudrow 
was united in marriage at Clyde, Ohio, 
with Miss Mary E. Meek, daughter of 
Basil Meek, and who for several years 
had been a teacher in the Clyde public 
schools. In his political predilections 
our subject is a Democrat, and has three 
times been elected to the office of city 
solicitor of Fremont, his services in that 
capacity covering a period of six years. 
Besides his residence on Birchard avenue, 
Fremont, he owns a 300-acre farm in 
Townsend township, and he is considered 
one of Sandusky county's most useful, 
progressive citizens. 

HA. VAN EPPS. Thirty years 
have passed since the "cruel 
war" waged between the North 
and South was ended, and even 
the youngest of the men who served their 
country in those dark days are growing 
old. But they never tire of the stories 
of camp life, of forced marches through 
the burning heat and deadly swamps of 
the South, of hair-breadth escapes and 
desperate encounters, or of the dreary 
days in Libby Prison, or the lingering hor- 
rors of Andersonville and Belle Isle. A 
few more years, and these stories will be 

handed down by their descendants, for 
the old soldiers will have answered to 
their last roll call, and will have passed 
beyond, happy in the thought that they 
leave behind them a government united 
and at peace. While they live, how- 
ever, it is our privilege to honor them for 
their noble deeds, and to show our grati- 
tude for the bravery and zeal with which 
they defended the homes and institutions 
so dear to us. 

It is, therefore, with pleasure that we 
are enabled to give the record of the 
veteran whose name opens this sketch, 
and whose recollections of the war are 
always listened to with delight, especially 
at the camp-fires and reunions of the 
"boys in blue." Mr. Van Epps is a 
ready writer, and portrays most vividly 
the scenes which were enacted under his 
personal observation, especially the story 
of Grierson's raid, in which he was an 
active participant. The limits of a bio- 
graphical sketch will not permit an ex- 
tended account of Mr. Van Epps' life 
during the war, but the following brief 
story of his career will prove of interest 
to his many friends and acquaintances. 

H. A. Van Epps was born in Middle- 
bury, Wyoming Co., N. Y. , March 8, 
1842, and came of good old Knicker- 
bocker stock. His father, Charles Van- 
Epps, was born on the Mohawk river, N. 
Y. , and removed to Middlebury, Wyoming 
Co., N. Y. , in 1806. He was a carpen- 
ter by trade, and subsequently engaged in 
farming; in politics he was a Democrat. 
He died in Middlebury in 1854. Our 
subject's mother, whose maiden name 
was Betsy Wilson, was born in Middle- 
bury in 181 2, and died in 1893 at the 
good old age of eighty-one years. She 
was the mother of children as follows: 
Elizabeth, who married H. M. Choat, 
and lives in Darien, Genesee Co., N. Y. ; 
Jane, who died when ten years old; 
Charles, who lives on the old homestead 
in Middlebury, and is fifty-five years old; 
H. A., our subject; Fayette, deceased 



when quite young; Delphene, who lives 
in Darien, N. Y. , and is unmarried; 
George, who died when fourteen years 
old. Mrs. Van Epps' father was a na- 
tive of Vermont, of sturdy Yankee ances- 
tors, and held the rank of colonel in the 
war of 1 812. 

The subject of our sketch grew to 
manhood on the home farm in Middle- 
bury, assisting his father in agricultural 
pursuits and obtaining his schooling in the 
district schools and Wyoming Academy. 
In March, 1861, he went to Carroll 
county, 111., where he was engaged in 
farming. When the call to arms sounded 
throughout the land the patriot blood in 
his veins responded, and laying aside all 
personal considerations he enlisted Sep- 
tember 5, 1 86 1, in Company B, Seventh 
Illinois Cavalry, for the three-years' ser- 
vice. When the three years had expired 
the Rebellion was still unsubdued, and on 
February 10, 1864, he re-enlisted in the 
same company and regiment, and re- 
mained until the close of the war, being 
honorably discharged November 12,1865, 
after a continuous service of four years 
and two months. During this time he 
received several well-earned promotions. 
In 1863 he was made a corporal, in 1864 
a sergeant, and April 20, 1865, he was 
appointed second lieutenant. 

During these four years Mr. Van- 
Epps followed his regiment through a 
considerable portion of Missouri, Tennes- 
see, Mississippi, Alabama and Louisiana. 
He was in sixty-three engagements, great 
and small, among which were the follow- 
ing: The siege of Corinth, in the spring 
of 1862; battle of Corinth, in October, 
1862; luka; Coffee ville; Colliersville; 
Lynnville; West Point; Okalona; Sum- 
mersville; siege of Port Hudson; fight at 
Clinton, La. ; Campbellsville, Tenn. ; 
Shoal Creek, Franklin and Nashville, 
when Hatch's brigade, of which he was 
a member, captured three forts or re- 
doubts. He was also with his regiment 
when following Hood on his retreat from 

Nashville to the Tennessee river, a dis- 
tance of 125 miles. This was a terrible 
experience, the marches being made 
through rain, sleet and snow, and when 
the weary soldiers reached Gravel Springs 
no food was to be obtained, and for two 
weeks they lived on parched corn. 

Mr. Van Epps also took an active part 
in the famous " Grierson Raid," from La 
Grange, Tenn., to Baton Rouge, La. 
He, with his company, was detached from 
the balance of the command and remain- 
ed alone for five days in the very heart of 
the Rebels' country, during which time, 
it is estimated, they traveled four hun- 
dred miles, being in the saddle night and 
day and enduring untold hardships. While 
on picket duty at Coldwater, Tenn., 
guarding a bridge eight miles from camp, 
the enemy charged upon his company, 
capturing all but five of them — himself 
among the number — who made their es- 
cape by running across the fields. They 
finally reached camp at Colliersville, giv- 
ing the alarm in time to save the entire 
command from being captured, as the 
enemy shortly made their appearance, ex- 
pecting to take the Union soldiers by sur- 
prise. They met with a warm reception 
instead, and were badly defeated. While 
acting as sergeant Mr. Van Epps com- 
manded his company for five months, and 
at the second day's battle before Nash- 
ville, while engaged with the enemy in 
the woods, his captain, who at the time 
was acting-major, fell mortally wounded; 
under Mr. Van Epps' leadership his little 
band held the Rebel line in check while 
the dying officer was removed from the 
field. Mr. Van Epps served under Gens. 
Rosecrans, Denver, Hatch, Grierson, 
Wilson, Thomas, Banks and McPherson, 
in different divisions and army corps. 
While escaping almost miraculously any 
serious accident during his long term of 
service, he was not without some mishaps. 
While on drill in the summer of 1864, he 
was thrown from his horse and received a 
severe injury from which he has never 



fully recovered. He was taken with the 
measles while at Bird's Point, Mo., and 
was removed to the hospital at Mound 
City, 111., and also spent about five weeks 
in the hospital at Town Creek, Ala., suf- 
fering from fever. 

After the war was over Mr. Van Epps 
returned to his home in New York, where 
in 1S67 he was married to Miss Ellen 
Bailey, who died July 16, 1872. To this 
union three children were born: Gertrude 
E. ; Leona M., and Elmer A. Mr. Van- 
Epps was married, the second time, to 
Miss Isadora Cornell, who was born at Lin- 
don, Genesee Co., N. Y. , in 1847. Two 
children have been born of this marriage 
— Ethel A. and Ernest C. Our subject 
followed farming with success in New York 
until he sold out and came west. Locat- 
ing in Fremont, in 1881, he purchased the 
Starr flouring-mills. These he remodel- 
ed to the roller process, adding the latest 
improvements, and also erecting fine ele- 
vators. He carried on these mills, doing 
a large merchant and domestic business, 
until the close of the year 1893, when he 
disposed of this property, and the follow- 
ing April purchased the flouring-mills and 
warehouse at New London, Ohio, and is 
at present operating the same. During 
his residence in Fremont he made many 
friends and was considered one of the sub- 
stantial business men of the town. He 
served four years in the city council, and 
he is past commander of the G. A. R. 

stantial and prosperous farmer 
of Madison township, Sandusky 
county, was born November 26, 
1 816, in Hanover, Germany. His parents, 
Louis and Isabelle (Tichen) Driftmeyer, 
rope makers by vocation, lived in Ger- 
many and died there, the mother in 1822, 
the father in 1843. 

In early life William Driftmeyer re- 
ceived a good German education. He 
worked out by the day till the age of 

twenty-one years, and in 1842 he came 
to America, immediately after landing 
coming to Ohio and renting forty acres of 
land in Madison township, Sandusky 
county, on which he lived one year. 
Then he bought forty acres of timber 
land, twelve of which he sold, and cleared 
the remainder, later buying forty acres, 
then twenty, then another forty, all 
timber land, which he cleared. 

On January 31, 1843, William Drift- 
meyer was united in marriage with Mary 
Cook, a daughter of Henry Cook, and 
they have had eight children, of whom 
William, born July 16, 1844, died at the 
age of seventeen; Henry, born October 
21, 1845, lives in Washington township, 
Sandusky county; Mary, born November 
26, 1847, married John Michael, a farmer 
of Michigan, and they have had two 
children; Eliza, born August 6, 1850, 
married Fred Demschroeder, of Wood- 
ville township, Sandusky county, by 
whom she has had four children; Sarah, 
born November 11, 1852, married Will- 
iam Helambrecht, a farmer, and they have 
had six children; Frederick, born May 5, 
1855, married Mary Wendler, by whom 
he has had two children, and lives in 
Washington township; Sophia, born De- 
cember 30, 1857, married Henry Kilgus, 
and they have had two children, of whom 
one is deceased; and Louis, born Febru- 
ary 2, 1862, married Minnie Friar, 
whose parents, Henry and Rebecca (Sam- 
sell) Friar, live in Madison township. 
Mrs. William Driftmeyer's parents lived 
and died in Germany. 

Mr. Driftmeyer laid out the road 
which separates Washington township 
from Madison and Woodville townships. 
The first oil well in Madison township 
was drilled on his land, and on the land 
upon which he makes his home in that 
township he has six good oil wells that 
yield six hundred barrels monthl}'; and on 
a thirty-seven-acre tract in Washington 
township he has two wells that will aver- 
age two hundred barrels each month. Mr. 



Driftmeyer is a Republican in politics, 
and has been repeatedly honored with 
public office, having been trustee for two 
years, and road supervisor and school 
director for many terms. In religious 
affiliation he is a member of the German 
M. E. Church of Elmore. 

JH. CLAUSS, president and man- 
ager of the Clauss Shear Company, 
Fremont, Sandusky county, was 
born in New York City June 4, 1855. 
His parents were Henry and Jennette 
(Flersch) Clauss, natives of Germany, 
who emigrated to America, sojourned for 
a time in New York City, finally locating 
in Cleveland, Ohio, where they now re- 

J. H. Clauss was reared in Cleveland, 
where he received somewhat limited school 
privileges. His business experience from 
the time he was fourteen years old was 
that of apprentice in a German printing 
office, porter in a wholesale millinery 
house, and bookkeeper for a brass manu- 
factory. He did not like to work for 
others, so after attaining his majority he 
began business on his own account as 
manufacturer of cigar boxes, in Cleveland. 
This he carried on some four years, after 
which he sold out, and seeing a chance at 
Elyria, Ohio, went there and invested 
what means he had in the Shear Com- 
pany in that city. Seeing that the con- 
cern was not on a safe footing, he manipu- 
lated affairs so that he became secretary 
and treasurer, and finally full manager. 
The business thrived under his control, 
and he remained there until August, 1887, 
when he sold out the boiler, engine, and 
a part of the fixtures of the plant, and 
removed the rest to Fremont, Ohio, here 
meeting with unprecedented success in 
the history of shear manufacturing; but a 
check was put upon his prosperity for a 
brief period by his entire factory being 
burned to the ground on January 1 7, 1 889. 
With his characteristic enterprise Mr. 

Clauss at once resolved to rebuild, this 
time with brick, the former having been a 
frame structure. The dimensions were: 
Main building, 165x40 feet; two wings, 
each 96x40, all three stories high, with 
a basement and engine room 60x40. 
The building of this was accomplished 
from January 17 till March 4, in the 
short space of forty-six days, and is said 
by authority to have been the most ex- 
peditious work of like magnitude ever ac- 
complished. The building is located on 
East State street, on the right bank of the 
Sandusky river, and is one of the hand- 
somest plants of any kind to be found in 
Ohio. The magnitude of the Clauss 
Shear Company is not appreciated until 
we realize that it is by far the largest con- 
cern of the kind in the world. They give 
employment to 250 men in the shops, 
have twenty traveling salesmen in the 
United States, two in Canada and seven 
in Europe. They have a branch office at 
Kansas City (Mo.), in New York City, in 
Toronto (Ontario), and in London (Eng- 
land). The building-up of this vast indus- 
try is due entirely to the business sagacity 
and enterprise of J. H. Clauss. He has 
pushed the trade into all parts of the 
world. By the erection of this vast manu- 
factory in Fremont, Mr. Clauss has con- 
tributed largely to the city's growth and 
prosperity. Aside from this he also mani- 
fests a leading spirit in all social and local 
affairs. He has just completed an elegant 
new residence on Birchard avenue, which 
is considered not only the finest in Fre- 
mont, but one of the finest in northern 
Ohio. Mr. Clauss is a stanch Republi- 
can, and a Scottish Rite Mason of the 
Thirty-second Degree. 

WENDEL SPRANG and wife are 
among the wealthiest and most 
prosperous residents of Green 
Creek, Sandusky county. Their 
success in life is due to frugal habits, 
unfailing industry and sagacious judg- 



ment in farming. For the latter quality 
Mr. Sprang is indebted to his wife, for 
when he came to Sandusk}' county he was 
wholly ignorant of farming life, and from 
his efficient helpmeet he received his first 
instructions in rural pursuits. That the 
teachings were sound maybe judged from 
the signal success that has attended the 
lives of this devoted couple. 

Mr. Sprang was born in Grafenhausen, 
Baden, Germany, September 19, 1833, 
son of Thomas and Euphemia (Meyer) 
Sprang, who in 1852 emigrated to Amer- 
ica, locating near Sandusky, where he 
bought a small piece of land and worked 
as a laborer. He died in 1877, aged 
sixty-nine years, and his wife, who was 
born September 15, 18 10, died October 
3, 1880. They were members of the 
Roman Catholic Church, and had seven 
children, four of whom lived to maturity, 
as follows: Philip, who was killed by a 
falling tree at Wolf Creek; William, fa- 
tally crushed by the cars at Mansfield; 
Wendel; and Mary E., wife of Godfrey 
Young, of Green Creek township. The 
paternal grandfather of Wendel Sprang 
was killed at his home in Germany, in 
181 3, by Napoleon's French soldiers, dur- 
ing their retreat from the disastrous Rus- 
sian campaign; the soldiers had demanded 
food which he was unable to supply. 

In 1858 Wendel Sprang was married, 
in Brownhelm township, Lorain Co., Ohio, 
to Anna Margaret Mary Jaeger, who was 
born in Bavaria, Germany, July 31, 1835, 
daughter of Adam John and Anna Do- 
rothea (Schellhouse) Jaeger. Her pater- 
nal grandfather was by birth a Frenchman. 
Mrs. Sprang was only three years old 
when she came to America with her 
parents, who settled in Brownhelm town- 
ship, Lorain Co., Ohio, where her only 
brother, John Henry Jaeger, now lives. 
After their marriage Mr. and Mrs. Sprang 
settled in Sandusky City, and began house- 
keeping with a capital of $150. Mrs. 
Sprang sewed for two shillings a day, and 
Mr. Sprang worked in a stave factory for 

75 cents a day, one-half of which amount 
was payable in store goods, and Mr. 
Sprang says he would have preferred to 
work for 50 cents per day in cash. Thus 
they lived for two years, at the e.xpiration 
of which time they had $250, which they 
deemed a sufficient sum to begin farming 
with. Coming to Green Creek township, 
Sandusky county, they bought twenty- 
five acres of land at $19.00 per acre, 
reserving $50, with which to build a house 
and "start on." It seems remarkable 
that with this small start the couple could 
make much progress in life; but to-day 
they own 250 acres of fertile and well- 
improved land. During the first season 
Mrs. Sprang cradled all the wheat, while 
Mr. Sprang bound it. Mr. Sprang had 
done no farm work up to that time, and 
his wife with good humor tells many 
amusing stories of how she had to teach 
him. When the Lake Shore road was 
under construction he chopped and hewed 
ties in the woods, and she loaded them 
on the wagon and hauled them to the 
roadbed. Mrs. Sprang also assisted him 
in sawing with a cross-cut saw. She 
laughingly remarks that if it were neces- 
sary she could do the same work now, so 
excellent is her health and robust her 
strength. It is no wonder that with a 
helpmeet like Mrs. Sprang his success 
has been so great. Mr. and Mrs. Sprang 
have one son, John H., and two grand- 
sons, Henry W. and William Harrison. 
In politics Mr. Sprang is a Democrat. 
His religious laith is that of the Roman 
Catholic Church, and his wife is a devoted 
Lutheran; but they have never permitted 
their differences of belief to mar their 
domestic harmony nor cast a shadow 
upon their common, interests. 

PHILIP BRADY, who is numbered 
among the leading and influential 
farmers of Clyde, Green Creek 
township, Sandusky county, is a 
native of County Wexford, Ireland, born 



in 1824. His parents, Terrance and 
Mary (Clear) Brady, were both born in 
County Wexford and were of old Celtic 
stock. The father died on the Emerald 
Isle, after which the mother came to 
America, where her death occurred at 
the age of seventy years. They were 
farming people of Ireland, where the 
grandfather, Patrick Brady, also carried 
on agricultural pursuits, and for genera- 
tions the family occupied the same home- 

Our subject is one of a family of 
eight children, comprising six sons and 
two daughters, and the eldest sister still 
occupies the ancestral home. In order 
of birth they are as follows: Ellen, still 
a resident of Ireland; Thomas, who died 
in Clyde, Ohio; Patrick, who makes his 
home in Wisconsin; Mary, who was the 
wife of Matthew Nolan, and died in this 
country; Michael, a resident of Clyde; 
and Martin Philip and James. Philip, 
the subject of this memoir, grew to man- 
hood in his native land, with such meagre 
school and other advantages as were 
available to him. Like so many of his 
countrymen who love the greatness of 
American liberty, he resolved to cast his 
fortunes under the flag of the young re- 
public, and make it his adopted land. 
Accordingly at the age of sixteen he em- 
barked for the Western World. He took 
passage on board a ship leaving Ross, 
Ireland, and in due time reached Quebec, 
Canada. He found his first employment 
in the New World with farmers in Lower 
Canada, but subsequently came to the 
United States, where he worked on the 
railroads, or at any employment which 
he could find. 

Desiring to become a permanent resi- 
dent, Mr. Brady purchased five acres of 
land near Clyde, Ohio, and by frugality 
and thrift soon became the owner of a 
good home. This he subsequently sold, 
and then bought a tract of uncleared 
and unimproved land north of Clyde. 
Here he found in the densely wooded 

land ample field to exert all his 
energy and industry; but stubborn 
nature yielded, and Mr. Brady is now the 
proud proprietor of an excellent and well- 
tilled farm. It has now all been cleared, 
and there is no better land to be found 
anywhere in the county. His old log 
house, which he erected many years ago, 
is still standing as a relic of the times 
that were, and a memento of the hard- 
ships of pioneer life. At Elyria, he wed- 
ded Miss Mary Keating, a native of 
County Carlow, Ireland, and to them 
have been born eight children, as follows: 
Mary is the wife of John Furlow, of Buck- 
ley, Wash., and they have two children 
— John and Eustatia; Ella is the next in 
the family; Joseph is a resident of Buck- 
ley, Wash. ; Maggie is the wife of Grant 
Andrews, a merchant of Millersville, San- 
dusky county, and they have two children 
— Mabel and May; John, Philip, Jr., Kit- 
tie and Martin complete the family. 

On his arrival in the New World, Mr. 
Brady had only a few shillings left; but 
by enterprise, industry and economy he is 
now one of the well-to-do citizens of San- 
dusky county. He is a man whose honesty 
and integrity are above question; is of a 
happy, genial disposition, and thoroughly 
enjoys a good joke. In his political views 
he strongly adheres to the principles of 
the Democratic party, and he and his 
family are members of the Roman 
Catholic Church. 

GRANT FORGERSON, a substan- 
tial farmer and public-spirited 
citizen of Rice township, San- 
dusky county, was born in that 
county, February 22, 1829. He is a son 
of Thomas and Mary (Hull) Forgerson, 
who were born March 30, 1795, and Feb- 
ruary I, 1 8 10, respectively, the father in 
Orange county. New York. 

Thomas Forgerson worked for his fa- 
ther, Sidney Forgerson, in New York 
State, and in 18 19 came with him to Fre- 



mont. Sandusky Co., Ohio, the father 
buying a home here which he occupied 
till his death in 1S30. On July 5, 1827, 
in Sandusky county, Thomas Forgerson 
was united in marriage with Mary Hull, 
and five children were born to them, as 
follows: Grant, the subject of this sketch; 
Dorcas A. and Wilford N., born August 
2, 1832; Christina, born December 10, 
1835; ^"^^ Thomas, born February 17, 
1 84 1. In 1 830 Thomas Forgerson moved 
to Rice township, and in 1833 bought 124 
acres of land, where he lived up to the 
time of his decease. He was township 
clerk and trustee, and for four years was 
school director. 

In 1844, at the age of seventeen years. 
Grant Forgerson entered the Mexican 
war as a drummer boy in Company C, 
Fourth O. V. I., in company with his 
uncle, Isaac Swanck, who was quite up 
in military tactics. He and his com- 
rades started from home in wagons, being 
conveyed to Maumee City, thence jour- 
neying via canal to Cincinnati, and from 
there to New Orleans. Reshipping, they 
crossed the gulf to Brazos Island, and 
went up the Rio Grande river as far as 
Matamoras, where they remained six 
weeks, then proceeding to Vera Cruz and 
on to Pueblo, Mexico, where they were 
stationed until the close of the war, Mr. 
Forgerson being in the service for about 
a year. There are few men who, like 
himself, have engaged in actual warfare 
before reaching the age of eighteen years, 
and he can relate many interesting experi- 
ences which he underwent during his serv- 
ice. After the war he came back to 
Rice township, and then going west 
remained two years, again returning to 
Rice township. On January i, 1854, he 
was united in marriage with Nancy Park, 
who was born in Ohio April 29, 1835, and 
they had four children, namely: (i) Mary 
E. , born October 8, 1854, married Joseph 
Young, and they live in Rice township; 
(2) James G., born Oct. 29, 1856, mar- 
ried Clara House, and seven children were 

born to them, as follows — Mabel, Janu- 
ary 26, 1883, Hattie, June 6, 1884, Jes- 
sie, December 22, 1887, Addie, January 
26, 1889, Clara, July 9, 1890, Laura, 
February 19, 1892, and Scott, November 
15, 1894; (3) Addie, born Feb. 24, 1861, 
married Frank Foster, and they live in 
Fremont, Sandusky county (they have 
three children, namely: Louis, born June 
19, 1884; Achiel Grant, born December 
28, 1886, and Ida, born March 28, 1893); 
(4) Ida N., born February i, 1861, died 
November 17, 1861, and was buried in 
Rice township. 

Grant Forgerson is engaged in gen- 
eral farming, having 166 acres of land 
worth one hundred dollars an acre. He 
was clerk of Rice township for two years, 
and school director and supervisor for 
twelve years. In politics he is a good 
Republican, and in religious affiliation be- 
longs to the Presbyterian Church, as does 
his entire family. In 1861 Mr. Forger- 
son became a member of the I. O. O. F. 
at Fremont, joining Croghan Lodge No. 
yj, and he has passed all the Chairs; he is 
also a member of the Knights of Honor, 
Lodge No. 95. He is a gentleman of 
mild manners, is widely known as an en- 
tertainer, and, it is almost needless to add, 
his friends are numerous. 

known farmer and minister resid- 
ing in Washington township, San- 
dusky county, and has the respect 
of all who know him. Having a wide 
acquaintance in this locality, we feel as- 
sured that the record of his life will prove 
of interest to many of our readers, and 
gladly give it a place in this volume. 

Mr. Wengerd is numbered among the 
native sons of Ohio, his birth having oc- 
curred on the old family homestead in 
this State February i, 1849. He is a 
son of Joseph W. and Marden Julie 
(Walter) Wengerd, who at an early day 
migrated westward from Pennsylvania and 



took up their residence upon the farm 
which was the birthplace of their son 
Emanuel. The father was at that time 
about thirty years of age, and there re- 
mained until he passed from earth, at the 
age of seventy-two. His wife passed 
away when seventy-six years old. Mr. 
Wengerd was one of nature's noblemen, 
his life filled with good deeds and kind 
actions. He was generous and benevo- 
lent, a good supporter of the Church and 
of all interests that were calculated to 
benefit humanity. When he was taken 
away the community lost one of its best 
citizens, but he left to his family the price- 
less heritage of a good name. 

The gentleman whose name begins 
this record profited by the good teachings 
and example of his parents, and the lessons 
which he learned in his youth have borne 
splendid fruit. He was trained not only 
to habits of industry, but also learned and 
developed those traits which in any place 
command the respect of all. He now 
devotes his time and energies to farming 
and to work for his fellow men, and has a 
good property in Washington township, 
Sandusky county, its neat and thrifty ap- 
pearance well indicating his careful super- 

On December 31, 1869, Mr. Wengerd 
was united in marriage with Miss Mar- 
garet Nichols, daughter of Peter Nichols, 
a well-known resident of Sandusky coun- 
ty. Two children — George F. and Ar- 
thur W. — came to bless and gladden their 
home, which was a bright and happy 
spot until the hand of death was laid upon 
the wife and mother. Mr. Wengerd re- 
mained single for a year, and then was 
united in marriage with Miss Catherina 
A. Snyder, whose parents, William and 
Sarah (Heller) Snyder, are residents of 
Seneca county, Ohio; Mr. Snyder is a 
miller by occupation. This marriage was 
blessed with three children: John M., 
Charles S. and Howard E., of whom 
Charles S. is the only one now living; 
John M. died at the age of eight years, 

and Howard E. in infancy. Mr. and 
Mrs. Wengerd have many warm friends 
in this community, and their own home is 
noted for its hospitality. 

ABRAHAM BLANK, one of the 
most popular and highly-esteemed 
citizens of Sandusky county, car- 
ries on agricultural pursuits in 
Woodville township, and is also engaged 
in speculating in oil. Although an East- 
ern man by birth, he possesses the typ- 
ical Western spirit of progress and enter- 
prise. A native of Columbia county, 
Penn, ;he was born September 9, 1827, 
son of William Blank, and a brother 
of Amos Blank, the latter a well-known 
resident of Sandusky county. 

In 1836, when a child of nine sum- 
mers, our subject accompanied his parents 
and the other members of the family to 
Ohio, locating in Madison township, San- 
dusky county, where he worked on his 
father's farm. They were the earliest 
settlers of that portion of the county, and 
went through all the experiences and 
hardships of pioneer life. Abraham re- 
ceived but limited educational privileges, 
for schools were few and far between, and 
the advantages afforded therein were not 
always of a superior quality. In the 
practical school of experience, however, 
he has learned many valuable lessons, 
and through reading, experience and ob- 
servation has become a well-informed 
man. He continued working on the farm 
of his father from early boyhood until 
1873, when he started out in life for him- 
self, purchasing 120 acres of land, all of 
which was covered with timber. With 
characteristic energy he began to clear 
the place; the trees fell one by one before 
his sturdy strokes, and acre after acre was 
placed under the plow and made to yield 
a golden tribute in return for the care 
and cultivation he bestowed upon it. He 
erected a dwelling house; also built barns 
and outbuildings, put up fences which di- 



vided the place into fields of convenient 
size, planted an orchard and made other 
general improvements which add to the 
value and attractive appearance of the 
place. He also engaged in the oil busi- 
ness, and in two years made in speculation 
upward of $31,000. 

Mr. Blank has traveled extensively 
through both the Southern and Western 
States, going on business trips to Ken- 
tucky, Indiana, Chicago, Michigan and 
Wisconsin, where he owns large tracts of 
land. He is a man of broad and liberal 
views, and is well liked and very popular 
with all classes of people, being highly 
respected throughout the county in which 
he makes his home, where his acquaint- 
ance is a wide one. For several years he 
has held the office of trustee of Woodville 
township, and during his administration 
a number of roads and bridges were con- 
structed, as well as ditches and other im- 
provements. He is a stanch Democrat, 
warmly advocating the principles of the 
party. An entertaining conversationalist, 
he can relate many interesting instances 
of pioneer life in this locality. He is 
still engaged in the oil business in connec- 
tion with his nephew, and has practically 
retired from farming, having acquired a 
handsome competence which supplies 
him with all the comforts and many of the 
lu.xuries of life. 

bered among the leading agri- 
culturists of Sandusky county, 
having for many years been iden- 
tified with its growth and upbuilding. He 
was born in Townsend township, San- 
dusky county, January 15, 1828, a son of 
John and PhcelDe (Wetsel) Poorman, the 
former of whom was born in 1773; the 
latter was born about 1793, and died in 
Detroit, Mich., at the advanced age of 
eighty-three. Their family numbered four 
children. The Poormans are of German 

At an early age our subject accompa- 
nied his parents to Sandusky City, Ohio, 
where his father was engaged in the gro- 
cery business until his death, which oc- 
curred at the age of sixty years. When 
William was a youth of fifteen, he accom- 
panied his mother and the other members 
of the family to Fremont, where he 
worked in an ashery for two years, at the 
end of which time his mother removed to 
Ballville township, Sandusky county, pur- 
chasing forty acres of wild land. This 
our subject and his brother cleared, mak- 
ing there a comfortable home. The wild 
land was transformed into rich and fertile 
fields, and a good farm resulted from their 
earnest and persistent labors. While re- 
siding on that farm Mr. Poorman was 
married, January 6, 1850, to Miss Je- 
mima Ann Hutson, of Ballville township, 
a native of Franklin count}-, Ohio, born 
December 4, 1829. Her father, James 
Hutson, was born February 13, 1807, and 
died June 18, 1893; her mother, who 
bore the maiden name of Elizabeth Stultz, 
was born August 28, 1828; they were the 
parents of the following children: Mrs. 
Poorman, John, Peter, Vincent, William 
M., Nathaniel W. and James S. The 
mother of this family passed away August 
4, 1877. The paternal grandfather of 
Mrs. Poorman was John Hutson, who 
married a Miss Needles. The former was 
born in Maryland about 1784, and served 
in the war of 181 2; the latter was born 
about 1787, and lived to be 104 years 
of age. The maternal grandparents were 
Peter and Elizabeth (Cliner) Stultz, the 
former born in 1776, the latter in 1780. 
Mr. and Mrs. Poorman have one child, 
Emma A., born October 2, 1850, and ed- 
ucated in Fremont. On November i, 
1867, she became the wife of Robert A. 
Forgrave, of Scott township, Sandusky 
county, and to them have been born four 
children, one of whom, a son, is now 

For a year after his marriage, Mr. 
Poorman lived on the farm which his 



mother had purchased, and then removed 
to the village of Ballville, where he 
resided some six years. Purchasing 107 
acres of land in Section 15, Scott town- 
ship, Sandusky county, that farm has 
since been his home. The greater part 
of this farm was in its primitive condition; 
but by patient toil he has made it one of 
the best places in the neighborhood, the 
forest trees giving way to fields of golden 
grain, and the log cabin to the spacious 
frame dwelling. There are also good 
outbuildings, and all modern improve- 
ments. In 1890 he leased the entire farm 
to the Sun Oil Company for an annual 
rental of $1, 100 and one-eighth of the oil 
produced on the farm. Four wells are 
now in operation, yielding about fifty 
barrels per day, and Mr. Poorman there- 
fore secures a good income. He has 
served as township treasurer, and for sev- 
eral terms has been township trustee, 
discharging his duties in a most creditable 
and acceptable manner. His political 
support is given to the Democracy, and 
he is a progressive and public-spirited 
citizen, giving his aid to and co-operation 
with everything pertaining to the welfare 
of the community. 

Robert A. Forgrave was born 
November 27, 1842, in Perry county, 
Ohio, and is one of the five children born 
to Robert W. and Mary (Kuhn) Forgrave. 
The father was born in Philadelphia in 
1807, and was a pioneer of Perry county; 
the mother was born in 181 8; her father, 
Adam Kuhn, was also a native of the 
Keystone State, and lived to the advanced 
age of ninety-two years. Mr. Forgrave 
was educated in the common and select 
schools of the neighborhood, and for some 
years engaged in teaching in Sandusky 
county, at one time being principal of the 
high school at Oak Harbor, while his wife 
was teacher of the primary department. 
In 1 86 1 he joined the Union army, and 
for four years aided in the defense of the 
old flag and the cause it represented, par- 
ticipating in some of the most hotly con- 

tested engagements of the war, including 
the battles of Cold Harbor, Petersburg 
and Spottsylvania, and was at Appomat- 
to.x when Lee surrendered to Grant. At 
the close of the war he returned to Scott 
township, and for some years successfully 
carried on agricultural pursuits. He then 
leased his land to the oil company, and 
as the flow of oil is a good one he derives 
an excellent income therefrom. He is a 
man of good business ability, and his man- 
agement of his business affairs has made 
him a substantial citizen. 

AB. KEMMERLING. The hardy 
pioneers of the Northwest, who 
developed the land out of which 
some of the proudest States of 
our Union were constructed, were men 
not only of muscle but of brains; men 
who combined great endurance and in- 
dustry with intelligence and religious prin- 
ciple, and with their wives, as brave and 
courageous as themselves, reared up their 
children in such habits of thrift and mor- 
ality that the country has reason to be 
proud of them. 

Of such worthy parentage was born 
the subject of our sketch, a well-known 
and prosperous dry-goods merchant of 
Gibsonburg, Sandusky county, who is 
among the youngest of the men in that 
place to carry on an independent busi- 
ness, and who may be styled a self-made 
man. He was born in Madison township, 
Sandusky county, October 12, 1863. A 
brief sketch of his parents, Peter and 
Catherine (Unger) Kemmerling, will be 
read with interest by their friends: His 
father was born in Union (now Snyder) 
county, Penn. , near Louistown, Septem- 
ber 27, 1813. Here he spent his boy- 
hood days, and in 1835, when twenty-two 
years of age, came to Ohio, locating in 
Wooster, where he lived two years, re- 
moving in 183710 Madison township. In 
that early day this part of Ohio was a wil- 
derness, just as it left the hand of nature, 



and dense forests covered the face of the 
country, in which wild animals abounded. 
Deer were plentiful, and wolves made 
night hideous with their howls. Settlers 
were few and far between, but their hos- 
pitality was freely given, and they greatly 
enjoyed visiting each other. Mr. I\em- 
merling on coming here entered govern- 
ment land, which he cleared, and began 
farming. This occupation he followed 
until 1873, when, yielding to the infirmi- 
ties of old age, he retired from active 
work and took up his residence in Gibson- 
burg. Early in life he became identified 
with the Evangelical Church, and for 
many years was a local preacher, at the 
same time \vorking on his farm. He 
traveled all over that section of the coun- 
try on horseback, as was the custom in 
those days, holding meetings at different 
points, sometimes being for weeks on the 
road. The life was one of hardship, but 
no one can tell the amount of good ac- 
complished by these pioneer preachers, 
the advance guard of the great army of 
Christian people who now fill the churches 
of our land. Mr. Kemmerling was faith- 
ful in his self-imposed task until he grew 
old and his voice gave out, and he was 
obliged to cease preaching. He died Oc- 
tober II, 1893, regretted by all who knew 
him. He was an old-time Whig, and la- 
ter, when the Republican party was 
formed, joined its ranks. 

The mother of our subject, who was 
the second wife of Mr. Kemmerling, was 
born March 23, 1835, daughter of Abra- 
ham and Elizabeth (Snyder) Unger, and 
is still living. She became the mother of 
five children, as follows: Salome, who 
married Charles Fairbanks, and lives in 
Madison township; Samantha, wife of 
Alpheus Fraunfelter, living in Gibson- 
burg; A. B., our subject; Franklin, living 
in Cleveland, Ohio; and Liliie, wife of 
James Bowerson, who lives in Cleveland. 
By his first marriage our subject's father 
had thirteen children, five of whom are 
deceased; the others are: Catherine, 

wife of David Garn, living in Indiana; 
James, John and Edward, all of whom 
live in Michigan, and who were all sol- 
diers in the Union army during the Civil 
war; Mary, married to Mr. Mowry, and 
living in Illinois; Maggie, married to H. 
Overmyer, and living in Indiana; Julia, 
wife of James Garn, of Indiana, and El- 
len, who married H. C. Brost, and re- 
sides in Michigan. 

The subject of this sketch grew to 
manhood in Madison township, attending 
the schools at Gibsonburg and gaining a 
common-school education. At twenty- 
two years of age he began taking contracts 
for timber from a railroad company, which 
business he carried on until nearly two 
years ago, in the meantime clerking at 
times. On November 16, 1893, he 
bought out the dry-goods firm of J. W. 
Miller, of which he is the sole proprietor. 
He is doing a flourishing business, and 
ranks among the best and most progres- 
sive citizens of Gibsonburg. Mr. Kem- 
merling was married February 26, 1891, 
to Mrs. Emma Downing, who was born 
in Cornwall, England, in 1859, and they 
have one child. Bliss. Socially Mr. Kem- 
merling is affiliated with the I. O. O. F. , 
K. of P., K. O. T. M., P. O. S. of A. and 
F. & A. M. ; in politics he is a Repub- 

DANIEL KERNS is one of the most 
widely-known and highly-respect- 
ed citizens of Sandusky county — 
a man whose well-spent life has 
gained for him the esteem of all with 
whom business or social relations have 
brought him in contact. He was born 
June 23, 1817, in Columbiana (now Ma- 
honing) county, Ohio, son of Abraham 
and Elizabeth (Misheye) Kerns, who were 
natives of Pennsylvania, where the pater- 
nal grandfather, George Kerns, was also 

The parents of our subject removed to 
Ohio during its pioneer days, and settled 



upon an 8oo-acre tract of land that form- 
ed a part of Washington township, San- 
dusky county. The place being then 
heavily covered with timber, Mr. Kerns 
at once began to clear and improve it, 
and at the time of his death all but a few 
acres had been placed under the plow. 
He was an industrious and energetic man, 
and those traits of industry and economy 
which had so much to do with his success 
were early instilled into the minds of his 
children. The family was a large one, 
numbering eleven children, namely: Mary, 
who was killed by accident during her 
early girlhood; John, of Wayne county, 
Ohio; Anna, who became the wife of 
Michael Powell, and died leaving four 
children — Albert, Richard, Susan and 
Lydia; Sarah, who became the wife of 
Samuel Powell, and died when well ad- 
vanced in years, leaving a large family; 
Jacob, a retired farmer of Alliance, Ohio; 
Daniel, subject of this sketch; Solomon; 
Lydia; Lavina; Josiah, an M. E. minister 
of Kansas; and Isaiah, of Newton, Iowa, 
land agent, notary public and abstracter 
of titles. 

Thus amid the wild scenes of the fron- 
tier Daniel Kerns was reared, and with 
the family shared in the usual experiences 
of pioneer life. He remained at home 
with his father until his twenty-first birth- 
day, attending the district school in the 
winter, and aiding in the labors of the 
farm through the summer months. On 
attaining his majority he began studying 
for the ministry, and after a thorough 
course returned to his home and became 
a circuit preacher, traveling through 
Washington township. After remaining 
here for a year, he went to Illinois, being 
the first minister to establish an Evan- 
gelical society in the city of Chicago, 
where he spent one year, and then again 
returning to Sandusky county was placed 
on the Marion circuit. The succeeding 
seven years of his life were devoted to 
ministerial work, and then, on account of 
ill health, he was compelled to retire. 

During this time he had saved what little 
he earned, and he now invested his capital 
in eighty acres of farm land, which owing 
to his care and cultivation has become 
valuable property. In the years that fol- 
lowed he devoted his energies to agricul- 
tural pursuits until 1886, when he retired 
from active business life and took up his 
residence in Lindsey. He still retains 
possession of his farm, which comprises 
285 acres and yields him a good income. 

On March 30, 1843, Daniel Kerns 
was united in marriage with Miss Julia, 
daughter of Rev. Michael and Polly (Wolt) 
Walter, whose family numbered four chil- 
dren — John, Julia, Susan and Katie. The 
marriage of our subject and his wife has 
been blessed with thirteen children: Caro- 
line Mary, born March 5, 1845, and be- 
came the wife of William Collar; Almira, 
born October 28, 1846, died at the age 
of four weeks; Rebecca P., born Novem- 
ber 5, 1847, became the wife of W. W. 
Smith, a farmer of Sandusky county, and 
they fiave two children; Lidda Anna, 
born January 17, 1850, is the wife of 
Theodore Kerns, a coal dealer of Cleve- 
land, Ohio, by whom she had one child, 
now deceased; Isaiah M., born August 9, 
1 85 I, died at the age of nine years; Ben- 
jamin F., born September 22, 1853, is 
deceased; Josiah, born January 19, 1856, 
and John C, born April 22, 1857, are 
both deceased; Obadiah, born July 3, 
1859, is a farmer; Emma, born August 
21, i86[, is the wife of John Slates, a 
miller by trade, residing near Fremont, 
and they have two children; Allen, born 
November 5, 1863, is a farmer; Ida, born 
May 9, 1866, died at the age of eighteen 
years; Dora V., born October 9, 1868, is 
the wife of Charles Schaebner, a razor 
grinder, and they have one child. 

Mr. Kerns was formerly a member of 
the Grangers. He votes with the Prohi- 
bition party, and is a warm advocate of 
the cause of temperance, giving his sup- 
port to all reforms and measures calcu- 
lated to uplift humanity in general. His 



noble Christian life is one well worthy of 
emulation, and all who know Daniel 
Kerns have for him the highest regard. 

JOHN MALCOLM, one of the sub- 
stantial and influential citizens of 
Clyde, exemplified in his younger 
days the nobility of labor in a man- 
ner so thorough as few of his compeers 
have done. He is a native of Scotland, 
and brought with him to Ohio a rugged 
constitution, an invincible spirit, a latent 
gift of energy which was expended upon 
the primeval forests of Ashland county 
with telling effect. It has been said that 
the Malcolm family cleared up more land 
than any other in Ashland county. In 
one year it cleared off forty-two acres, 
fenced it, and put the virgin soil in wheat. 
In that elder da}' the recital of this feat 
meant more than it does now, for the 
present generation can not so well grasp 
the tremendous amount of labor involved 
in the primitive clearing of land as could 
their forefathers who did the work. Labor 
was then the cardinal virtue, the chief 
avenue to success. 

Mr. Malcolm was born at Aberdeen, 
Scotland, October 15, 1821, son of Alex- 
ander and Barbara (Richie) Malcolm. 
Alexander Malcolm was a gardener, and 
his father, William Malcolm, was a milk- 
man, among whose customers was the 
Aberdeen Lunatic Asylum. Two sons of 
William Malcolm, Arthur and James, par- 
ticipated in the battle of Waterloo, one 
of the most fateful in the world's history. 
They were stationed in the famous wheat 
field, where the regiment, or rather the re- 
mains of it, had ' ' formed square, " and for 
some time were confronted on three sides 
by Napoleon's heavy cavalry, who charg- 
ed them again and again without breaking 
the square. Both were wounded, and 
both drew subsequent pensions for their 
injuries. A son of Arthur Malcolm, Ar- 
thur by name, and also a daughter, now 
reside at Akron, Ohio. Alexander Mal- 

colm in 1835 emigrated with his large 
family to America. Landing at New York 
he came directly to Ohio, and after spend- 
ing several months in Westfield township, 
Medina county, and Savannah, Ashland 
county, he purchased one hundred acres 
of forest land in Ruggles township, in the 
latter county. There were then no roads, 
game abounded, and bands of wandering 
Indians still strolled through the premises. 
Here Alexander fashioned for himself his 
permanent home, clearing the land and 
farming industriously until his death, 
which occurred when he was aged sixty- 
seven years. His faithful wife, ten years 
his senior, preceded him to the grave by 
about eighteen months. He was a Presby- 
terian in religious faith, and an unwaver- 
ing Whig and Republican in politics. His 
family of ten children was as follows: 
Alexander, who died in mature life; Archi- 
bald, a resident of Northwest township, 
Williams county; William, who reared a 
family, and passed away many years ago 
(his eldest son David died in the Civil 
war); John, subject of this sketch; Jane, 
wife of Conrad Brandeberry, of Mont- 
pelier, Williams county; James (retired), 
of New London; Charles, who died un- 
married; Thomas, who reared a family in 
Williams county, and died there; Robert, 
who reared a family in Ruggles township, 
and is now deceased: David, who died at 
the age of two years. 

John Malcolm was in his fifteenth 
year when he came with his father's fam- 
ily to Ohio. He assisted his father on 
the farm, but after the latter's start there 
was an abundance of labor in the family, 
and John became a clerk for King & 
Gunn, of Medina, afterward King & 
King. After a clerkship of several years 
he returned to the farm, where he re- 
mained until his marriage, in 1844, to 
Miss Harriet S. Munger, who was born 
in Livingston county, N. Y. , April 5, 
1826, and the daughter of Jehiel and Be- 
linda (Janes) Munger, both natives of 
New York. In 1831 they migrated to 



Ohio and settled in Townsend township, 
Sandusky county, where the father died 
in 1845, and the mother some years later. 
Here, too, died the father of Jehiel, also 
named Jehiel Munger, an Englishman by 
birth. The children born to Jehiel and 
Belinda Munger were as follows: Chapin 
Richard, who reared a family and died in 
Oregon; Clarissa, who died in childhood; 
William R. , who died, unmarried, in 
Townsend; Hiram A., of Clyde; Harriet 
S., wife of John Malcolm; Daniel N., 
who died in California, unmarried; Tem- 
pie Jane, deceased in childhood; Tyler 
E., also deceased in childhood; Axie I., 
who married Edward Wheeler, and died 
in Rochester township, Lorain Co., Ohio; 
Jehiel, a bachelor, residing in California; 
Theresa M., whose child by her first mar- 
riage, Rufey Jordan, was the first woman 
admitted to the bar in the United States 
(she practiced at Seattle, Wash., and died 
at Chicago during the World's Columbian 
E-xposition. Theresa M. married, for her 
second husband, Simeon Ketchel, of Cold- 
water, Mich.). 

After marriage John and Harriet 
Malcolm began housekeeping on a farm 
in Ruggles township, Ashland county. 
He helped to clear up the old farm, then 
bought I 36 acres and helped clear it also. 
Since marriage he, with his own hands, 
cleared 100 acres or more, and he still 
owns 106 acres of fine land in Ruggles 
township. He was engaged in grain and 
stock-farming until 1866, when he re- 
moved with his family to Clyde, and he 
has since been a resident of that city. 
Mr. Malcolm has two children, Barbara 
B. and Marvin J., the former of whom is 
the wife of B. F. Rogers, and lives on 
Piety Hill, at Clyde; her children are 
Malcolm, Lillie and Archie. Marvin J. 
is married to Adelaide Rober, and lives at 
Clyde. Mr. Malcolm has been marshal 
of Clyde for nearly five years. He has 
served as cemetery trustee three years, 
and for twenty-seven years has been a 
prominent member of the I. O. O. F. In 

politics he is a Republican. In June, 
1888, Mr. and Mrs. Malcolm took a pro- 
tracted trip to California, visiting friends 
at Yuba City, Sutter count}', and travel- 
ing extensively on the Pacific coast. He 
now lives a retired life in the full enjoy- 
ment of the comforts which have come to 
him after a busy and well-spent career. 

AB. FRENCH. There are lives 
which rise so high above the 
level of the masses as to give to 
the disinterested spectator the 
impression of picturesque Alpine scenery, 
in contrast to the monotony of the prai- 
rie. Spirits are born to dwell in a human 
incasement of a fiber more delicate, of a 
strength more tenacious and of a mental 
force more subtle and elusive than falls 
to the usual lot of mortal man. The ca- 
reer of A. B. French, a prominent citi- 
zen of Clyde, is a most remarkable one, 
remarkable for the strange powers he has 
possessed and exercised among men; re- 
markable for its literary excellence; re- 
markable for the various channels in 
which his efforts have been successfully 
exerted. As lecturer. Spiritualist, orator, 
nurseryman, author and lawyer, in what- 
ever he has undertaken, he has excelled. 
Mr. French was born in Trumbull 
county, Ohio, September 13, 1838, son 
of Samuel and Amelia (Belden) French, 
the former of whom still survives; the 
latter died in 1879. Samuel French was 
born in Oswego county, N. Y. . October 
2, 181 5, son of Byron French, a New 
Englander of Puritan stock. Amelia Bel- 
den was born near Hartford, Conn., in 
18 12, daughter of Asel Belden. Byron 
French and Asel Belden were both early 
pioneers in the wilderness of northeastern 
Ohio, and here their son and daughter 
married. Samuel French is a representa- 
tive type of the sturdy Jacksonian-Demo- 
crat. In his school days A. B. French, 
the subject of this sketch, was a pre- 
cocious youth. He acquired his lessons 



without apparent effort, and easily led his 
class in mental attainments. It was dur- 
ing these daj's that perhaps the greatest 
crisis of his life occurred. Spiritual rap- 
pings began to be heard in his native 
town. The mother and sister of Mr. 
French were among the first to be in- 
fluenced. They were both highly me- 
diumistic. A. B. was at the age of six- 
teen a student at Western Reserve Semi- 
nar}', at Farmington, with an enviable 
record, high ambition and the brightest 
prospects. During vacation he was at 
work on his father's farm one day, when, 
weary and athirst, he sought the house. 
Entering, he found mother and sister 
both entranced. To him it was a strange 
manifestation, and filled his mind with 
dread. He attempted to leave, but invisi- 
ble beings commanded him to stay. Power- 
less, he sat down. A strange spell, such 
as he had never before e.xperienced, came 
over him. He seemed both asleep and 
awake. Mortitied and humiliated, he 
strove to shake off the influence, but it 
held him fast. He began to talk and he 
kept on talking. His destiny had come. 
His school days were over. The inspira- 
tion of the spirit world moved him. He 
found no rest save when obeying its be- 
hest. At schoolhouse and hall in neigh- 
boring towns he lectured. He constantly 
rebelled, for the public silently condemn- 
ed, and the sensitive boy, then without 
prophetic eye, keenly felt the ostracism 
to which he was subjected. Repeatedh' 
he avowed that he would never speak 
again, but the influences held him fast. 
Before he was twenty years of age he had 
more calls than he could fill. His fame 
had widely extended. His charm of ut- 
terance and the new strange thoughts he 
voiced held spellbound the crowds that 
nightly greeted him. Wherever he went 
a revival of pentecostal times was in his 
midst. The operation of the psychic 
force is thus described. When Mr. 
French with closed eyes first began to 
speak he was almost unconscious. His 

condition slowly changed till it blended 
with the normal state. Thoughts surged 
irresistibly for utterance at times, and the 
audience was carried along by the flood of 
thought. Mr. French's powers have 
been exercised mostly in speaking, but to 
some extent in writing, and there appear 
equally successful. 

In the summer of 1859 Mr. French 
removed to Clyde. In 1863 he started a 
nursery, with an outlook not especially 
encouraging for the enterprise, as his 
means were limited, but by untiring energy 
and liberal dealing he has built up a com- 
manding business, which ranks among the 
largest in this line in the State, and now 
requires the services of fifty laborers and 
salesmen. In 1870 he began reading law, 
in 1871-72 attended the Law Department 
of the University of Michigan, at Ann 
Arbor, and was admitted to the bar at 
Tiffin in 1872. Mr. French began prac- 
ticing law at Clyde in partnership with 
Judge John M. Lemmon. Their clientele 
grew rapidly, and our subject was retained 
in many important cases; but his health 
failed, and in 1875, after three years' 
practice, he was compelled to retire. He 
has never, however, withdrawn from the 
platform. His services have been actively 
sought in many capacities. While devot- 
ing his attention to his nursery chiefly, he 
has lectured on Sundaj's, delivered various 
public addresses, including many funeral 
discourses, and has perhaps officiated at 
more funerals than any other speaker of 
his age. His happy manner of present- 
ing the glorious truths of immortality, and 
glimpses of a new and beautiful existence 
beyond the fleeting shadows of this life, 
has made calls upon his services very 
numerous. In 1876 Mr. French was 
unanimously nominated on the Republi- 
can ticket for representative, and made a 
noteworthy run, pulling the Democratic 
majority of 800 down to about 200, re- 
ceiving in his own township the largest 
vote ever given any one candidate. In 
1878, when absent from home, he was 



again unanimously nominated, but refused 
the honor. From 1881 to 1888 he was 
engaged almost exclusively in lecturing, 
and from 1888 to 1890 was a member of 
the Lyceum Bureau of Chicago, and 
while lecturing before Spiritualistic audi- 
ences on Sunday, addressed many literary 
and church societies from Omaha to Bos- 
ton with marked success. He has every 
natural endowment of the popular orator, 
and has won an enviable reputation under 
difficulties known only to his most inti- 
mate friends. During the past few years 
he has devoted most of his time to his ex- 
tensive nursery business, and the building 
up and improvement of the village of 
Clyde, in which he takes especial interest 
and pride. 

In 1892 there was published a volume 
of lectures entitled " Gleanings from the 
Platform, by A. B. French." The lec- 
tures included "William Denton," "Leg- 
ends of Buddha," "Mohammed, or the 
Faith and Wars of Islam," "Joseph Smith 
and the Book of Mormon," " Conflicts of 
Life," "The Power and Permanency of 
Ideas," "The Unknown," "Probability 
of Future Life," "Anniversary Address," 
"The Egotism of Our Age," "What is 
Truth," and "Decoration Address." 
These lectures, which are artistic gems of 
literature, fairly illustrate the author's 
lucid literary style, and his originality of 
thought and expression. The volume has 
had an extensive circulation, and is a 
valuable addition to American literature. 
The voluminous contributions of Mr. 
French to the Spiritual Journal have 
been widely disseminated. In his busy 
life have been blended the expression of 
a rare psychic faculty and the exercise of 
business abilities of a high order. He has 
associated in the incorporation of Clyde, 
has served in the city council, and has 
ever been identified with its best inter- 

In 1859 Mr. French was married to 
Miss S. A. Dewey, and to them were born 
two children: William B., who died at 

the age of twenty-nine years, leaving one 
child, and Miss L. L. , who married A. 
Byers, and has two children. In Decem- 
ber, 1 89 1, Mr. French was married to 
Mrs. Mary E. Thomas, of Cardington, 

steam-fitter and plumber, Fre- 
mont, Sandusky county, is one of 
the oldest established business 
men in the city. He is a native of France, 
born in Lorraine June 14, 1832, a son of 
John and Mary Ann (Greiner) Fabing, 
who were also natives of Lorraine. 

John Fabing in early life learned the 
trade of gunsmith and jeweler, which he 
followed until he came to America. In 
1834 he emigrated, locating in Fayette- 
ville, Onondaga Co., N. Y. , and there 
pursuing his trade until 1844, when with 
the sweeping tide of emigration westward 
he came to the village of Lower San- 
dusky, now Fremont, Sandusky Co., 
Ohio, and established a home. His death 
occurred July 2, 1845, his wife surviving 
until 1882, when she died, at Fremont, at 
the age of seventy-nine years. Their 
children were: Catharine, wife of John 
Young, of Pilot Hill, Cal. ; John, a farmer 
of Jackson township, Sandusky county, 
who died at the age of fifty-two years; 
Lena, who married in 1845, and died in 
1847, leaving two children; one that died 
in infancy; Frederick, subject of this 
sketch; and Barbara, wife of M. Hazel- 
tine, of Baker City, Oregon. Mr. Fabing 
was a Democrat and a member of the 
Roman Catholic Church. 

Frederick Fabing attended the com- 
mon schools in Fayetteville, N. Y. , until 
twelve years of age, when he came with 
his father's family to Sandusky county, 
Ohio. He remembers distinctly the open 
winter of 1844, the voyage on shipboard 
from Buffalo to Sandusky City, the subse- 
quent trip to Lower Sandusky, all the 
way by boat, and the landing at that 



place on the 24th of December, 1844. 
The famous " Black Swamp" was then a 
wilderness, and only ten or twelve families 
had settled between here and Toledo. 
He used to engage in the sports of the 
time, hunting deer and other wild game 
in the deep forests. In 1850 Mr. Fabing 
joined a caravan to cross the Western 
Plains to California. This caravan was 
in charge of a Mr. McClure, who was 
familiar with the Indians and believed in 
treating them kindly, adopting military 
rule for the government of his men in or- 
der to prevent any mistreatment of the 
Indians. On one occasion a man of his 
party shot at a buck and squaw sitting on 
a log some distance away, but did not hit 
them ; McClure at once had the offender 
arrested and tried by court-martial — by 
which the man was condemned to be tied 
across a wagon wheel during a half-day's 
travel over the sandy plain, so that his 
head and feet were aUernately up and 
down. Most of the party remonstrated, 
but McClure was firm in carrying out the 
verdict, claiming that if the Indians had 
been shot or even slightly wounded the 
whole caravan might have been massa- 
cred. On being released the man was 
more dead than alive, but he soon re- 
covered, and it is needless to say that he 
did not shoot at the Redmen again during 
the journey. Another precaution of Mc- 
Clure for the safety of his party was that 
of not allowing any Indians into his 
camp. He posted his pickets outside, 
and when Indians came to beg food they 
were given coffee, sugar, salt, etc., which 
was divided up amongst them, and they 
went away peaceably. In this manner 
the caravan passed through the most pow- 
erful tribes of the West unmolested. The 
party fared well until near the end of 
their journey, when rations became short. 
From the time they reached the valley of 
the Humboldt river until they entered 
California each man got only one cup of 
soup ('made from a cow so poor that there 
was nothing left upon her) and a handful 

of crackers per day. Upon nearing points 
where supplies could be had a couple of 
men were sent ahead on the best horses 
they had, and they purchased flour, for 
which they were obliged to pay two dol- 
lars per pound, and eighteen dollars worth 
of it was cooked into cakes for the crowd 
for one dinner. The first appearance of 
white men after crossing the Missouri 
river was at Fort Laramie on the Upper 
Platte, where one company of United 
States troops was located. Mr. Fabing 
walked all the way across the plains, ex- 
cept one day in each week, when he was 
obliged to drive a team. 

On reaching California, in August, 
1850, he engaged in gold digging, at 
Cold Springs, near Placerville, remaining 
there until fall, when he went to Shasto, 
on Clear creek, where he continued dig- 
ging with good success in 1854. He re- 
turned home by way of the Panama route 
and New York City, remaining a short 
time to visit with friends, returned to the 
gold field by the Tehuantepec route, lo- 
cated on the upper branch of the Amer- 
ican river for a time, and then returned 
to Shasto. Here he had fair success and 
secured enough gold to pay him for all 
his time. Mr. Fabing in 1857 returned 
to Fremont, and in 1862 became con- 
nected with the Fremont Gas Company, 
with which he continued about twenty- 
eight years, most of the time in the ca- 
pacity of superintendent. He became 
interested and skilled in the gas- 
fitting and plumbing business, which 
he followed in connection with his 
other duties, so that on retiring from 
the office of president he found him- 
self controlling the chief trade in 
that line in Fremont. In 1865 Mr. 
Fabing and Mr. Heim jointly built the 
block which bears their names, Fabing 
& Heim, and the former still hold his in- 
terest in it. He is also one of the heavi- 
est stockholders in the Opera House 
Company. In politics he is a Repub- 
lican. In 1865 he joined the Masons, 



being a member of Fort Stephenson 
Lodge, No. 225, of Fremont, and ad- 
vanced in Masonry to Knight Templar, 
becoming a member of De Molay Com- 
mandery. No. 9, K. T. , Tiffin, Ohio. 
In 1858 Mr. Fabing married Miss Mary 
J. Webber, who was born in Alsace, 
Germany, in 1833. 

estate and insurance agent, and 
manager of the Opera House, Fre- 
mont, Sandusky county, was born 
at Fremont June 14, 1855, son of Henry 
S. and Margaret (Hawkins) Russell. 

Henry Shubel Russell was born in 
Morgan county, Ohio, in 1817, and came 
to Lower Sandusky, now Fremont, with 
his father, in pioneer days. He was a 
master builder and contractor. He served 
as sheriff of Sandusky county from 1865 
to 1869; he married in Lower Sandusky, 
in 1843, a daughter of Thomas L. Haw- 
kins, a local preacher of the M. E. Church, 
from Franklin county, Ohio. Mr. Haw- 
kins and his wife were natives of Ken- 
tucky, and came in 1817 to Lower San- 
dusky, of which town he was one of the 
incorporators, and he was a man of re- 
markable pluck and energy. He was a 
cabinet maker, and to get water-power 
built the mill-race which is still in exis- 
tence at Fremont, and erected thereon a 
sawmill. In politics he was an Old-line 
Whig. In March, 1856, he moved to 
Vinton, Iowa, where he and his wife died 
at an advanced age. To Henry and Mar- 
garet (Hawkins) Russell were born four 
children: Frank W., who enlisted August 
7, 1862, at Fremont, Ohio, in Company 
K, One Hundredth Regiment, O. V. I., 
went into active service, was captured at 
Limestone Station, Tenn., September 8, 
1863, and died in a Rebel prison at Rich- 
mond, Va. , July 24, 1864; Henry, who 
died at the age of fifteen years; Ella, wife 
of C. A. Freeman, a grocer of Fremont, 
Ohio; and Edward H., whose name intro- 

duces this sketch. The father's death 
occurred May 18, 1876. In politics, he 
was a Democrat. 

Edward H. Russell was reared in the 
city of Fremont, and educated in the pub- 
lic schools. On leaving school he trav- 
eled as business manager of a theatrical 
company for a period of eight years, and 
then returned to Fremont to engage in 
the insurance business. In 1890 he took 
stock in the Fremont Opera House Com- 
pan)', and became its business manager. 
Socially, Mr. Russell is one of the charter 
members of Fremont Lodge No. 204, 
Knights of Pythias; a charter member and 
Past Exalted Ruler of Fremont Lodge 
No. 169, B. P. O. E. ; a charter member 
and first financial secretary of Sherman 
Lodge No. Ill, A. O. U. W. ; a member 
of Edna Council No. 64, National Union; 
and a charter member and first presiding 
officer of Onoko Tribe No. 140, Improved 
Order of Red Men. On January 9, 1883, 
Mr. Russell married Miss Laura L. Sny- 
der, daughter of Maj. S. A. J. Snyder, of 
the Seventy-second Regiment, O. V. I., 
ex-postmaster of Fremont, who died in 
1889, and whose widow, Clementine 
(Creager), resides in Fremont, Ohio. 
The children of E. H. and Laura L. Rus- 
sell are: Arthur McKnight, Major Henry, 
Harry Allen and Paul Edward Russell. 
Mrs. Russell is a member of St. Paul's 
Episcopal Church. 

prietors of the Fremont Steam 
Laundry, are well-known business 
men of Fremont, Sandusky coun- 
ty, and have been engaged in their present 
enterprise since 1890. Their excellent 
work, especially in the line of shirts, col- 
lars and cuffs, has gained for them an ex- 
tended reputation, and been the means 
of establishing a trade which comes to 
them from all over Northern Ohio, and 
also from Michigan and Indiana, within 
a radius of 150 miles. They have the 



finest plant and the best equipments 
for a laundry that the most advanced 
ideas in machinery and methods have 
been able to perfect. Besides these almost 
perfect appliances and skilled operators, 
Fremont affords them a quality of water 
not to be found elsewhere. With these 
advantages and the well-known business 
ability and integrity of its managers, the 
success of the enterprise is assured. Of 
the proprietors themselves, the following 
sketches will be of interest. 

H. J. Starr was born inElyria, Ohio, 
in 1857, and is the son of Horace Starr, 
of Starr Brothers, who were for years 
among the leading merchants of north- 
ern Ohio, and were very prominent in 
Elyria. He w'as educated in the public 
schools of his native place, and on arriv- 
ing at manhood took charge of a Boston 
mining company. Later he filled the po- 
sition of commissary for a railroad con- 
struction company in Virginia. When 
this work was completed he decided to 
take up some business more permanent 
in its nature, and with Mr. Tunnington 
purchased the laundry which they are 
now operating. Mr. Starr is a man of 
excellent business abilities, very accommo- 
dating, and of a quiet, pleasant disposi- 
tion which makes him friends wherever 
he goes. He is very popular with the 
people of Fremont, and is a good citizen. 

F. M. Tunnington, the other partner 
in this firm, is a native of this State, hav- 
ing been born in Cleveland, December 19, 
1858. He grew to manhood in Elyria, and 
learned the trade of a printer in the office 
of the Republican in that place, working 
at this about seven years in Elyria and 
Cleveland. He subsequently embarked 
in the laundry business in Cleveland for a 
short time, and then went to Friendship, 
N. Y. , where he perfected himself in the 
details of the business, carrying on a 
laundry there for two years. He then 
sold out and went on the road for a year, 
selling laundry fixtures and machinery. 
Returning to iClyria he purchased a 

laundry, but subsequently disposed of it, 
and with his present partner, Mr. Starr, 
came to Fremont, where they have estab- 
lished the fine plant which has already 
been spoken of. Mr. Tunnington is an 
expert in his line, and it is mainly due to 
his advanced methods of doing work that 
the Fremont Steam Laundry has acquired 
its enviable reputation. 


ARK THRAVES, farmer and 
dealer in live stock, Ballville 
township, Sandusky county, 
was born in Nottinghamshire, 
England, December 7, 1832, a son of 
William and Marilla (Graves) Thraves, 
whose history appears elsewhere. 

Our subject came with his parents to 
America when he was eleven years of 
age, and grew up on a farm in Washing- 
ton township, Sandusky Co., Ohio. In 
the latter part of 1859 he went to Fre- 
mont to learn the trade of blacksmith, 
serving an apprenticeship under Solomon 
Lansing, who afterward removed to Mich- 
igan, and after whom it is probable the 
city of Lansing was named. In Decem- 
ber, 1 85 I, Mr. Thraves started for Cali- 
fornia by way of the Panama route, tak- 
ing passage on a steamer at New York 
bound for the town of Chagres, at the 
mouth of Chagres river, on the Isthmus 
of Panama. The trip was a most haz- 
ardous one, the steamer losing one of her 
side-wheels and being nearly wrecked, 
making it necessary to put in for repairs 
on the way. Upon reaching the Isthmus 
of Panama, the passengers were rowed 
and poled up the river Chagres, in small 
boats, by the natives, and were some- 
times obliged to land and walk while the 
boats were carried around the rapids. 
After leaving this river the passengers 
had to make an overland trip of twenty- 
five miles before reaching the Pacific 
coast. The men walked, while the wo- 
men rode mules furnished by the citizens. 
To the consternation of Mr. Thraves and 

tAy^oA^ (^^^^i>^^s^ 



his fellow travelers, upon reaching the 
port on the Pacific, they learned that the 
regular steamer was already so loaded 
with passengers that they could not get 
aboard, and that nothing remained for 
them but to take a sailing vessel for the 
voyage to San Francisco. The Vander- 
bilt Line, with whom they had shipped 
from New York, had no steam line on the 
Pacific, and so they took passage on the 
brig "Margaret." They put out to sea 
with a fair wind, but when within one 
degree of the equator struck a dead calm, 
in which they were obliged to lie helpless 
for two weeks, during which time twelve 
of the passengers took sick and died. 
They finally succeeded in pulling into the 
harbor of San Bias, Mexico, where the 
brig lay for a week, to the no small solic- 
itude of the 250 passengers. The re- 
mainder of their voyage was tedious in 
the extreme. Perhaps apprehending 
further trouble, the captain of the brig 
put it in charge of the mate, and himself 
remained behind. Provisions ran short, 
and for the last three weeks each person 
had to live upon three spoonsful of cooked 
rice and a pint of coffee per day; and up- 
on reaching San Francisco there was not 
a half bushel of rice left on board the 
brig, and no other article of food what- 
ever. They had been thirteen weeks up- 
on the sailing vessel, whereas only four- 
teen days were requisite to make the trip 
by steamer. 

Unlike most other men who went to 
California at that period, Mr. Thraves 
turned his attention at once to farming, 
the raising of wheat and other grains in 
Sacramento county, as on account of the 
high price of flour ($50 per sack) it was 
more profitable than gold mining to one 
who knew more about farming than about 
mining. In the month of June, 1856, 
Mr. Thraves returned home to Ohio, and 
remained among his friends until the fol- 
lowing April, when, with his brother 
William, he started back for California. 
On crossing the Isthmus of Panama they 

met with a sad accident. The train upon 
which they were riding was wrecked, and 
William Thraves, with sixty others, was 
crushed to death; more than 360 were in- 
jured. All those who were killed were 
buried on the Isthmus. Controlling his 
grief as best he could, our subject com- 
pleted his journey to California, where he 
followed gold mining in Yuba county, on 
the American river. In 1858 he made a 
trip into British Columbia and Vancou- 
ver Island. In December, i860, he re- 
turned to Ohio, where he has since that 
time been engaged in his favorite pursuit 
of farming and stock raising, in which he 
has been remarkably successful. 

In politics our subject is a Democrat, 
and though not an office seeker has held 
various offices in his township, where he 
is justly recognized as one of the leading 
and most enterprising citizens. He has 
for many years been a member of the I. 
O. O. F., at Green Spring, Ohio. 

On April 3, 1862, Mark Thraves was 
married to Miss Sarah HufTord, who was 
born April 17, 1834, daughter of Cornel- 
ius and Mary Jane (Zook) Hufford, with 
whom she came to Sandusky county, 
Ohio, when two years old, and has since 
lived here. Her education was obtained 
in the district schools of Ballville town- 
ship, and, with the exception of two years 
previous to her marriage, she resided with 
her parents. Her father was born in 
1806 in Kentucky, became an early pio- 
neer of Ohio, and died in Ballville town- 
ship, Sandusky county, March 14, 1884, 
being buried in Washington Chapel Cem- 
etery, Washington township, Sandusky 
county; he was a blacksmith by trade, 
and a model farmer. His wife was born 
in 1809 in Pennsylvania, died in 1882, 
and was also laid to rest in the above- 
named cemetery. Their children were: 
Sarah (Mrs. Thraves), Simon, Elizabeth 
(Mrs. N. Rathbun), Catharine (Mrs. J. 
Emerson), and Martha (Mrs. Ferrenberg), 
all of whom are living. Mrs. Thraves' 
paternal grandfather, Jacob Hufford, was 



born in Kentucky in 1770, and died in 
Ohio in 1S50; his wife, Catharine Crea- 
ger, was born in Ohio about the same 
date. Her maternal grandfather, Abram 
Zook, was born in Pennsylvania in 1765. 
The children of Mark and Sarah Thraves 
were Delphin, born February 28, 1863; 
William, born May 15, 1865, and married 
to Ida, daughter of Walter F. and Emma 
(Young) Huber; Mattie M., born October 
30, 1869, and Ida F., born August 15, 

The Thraves Family. Samuel 
Thraves, the great ancestor from whom 
are descended the Thraves families in 
Sandusky county, Ohio, lived and died in 
Nottinghamshire, England. He married 
Miss Ann Moult, and their children were: 
John, Elizabeth, William, Thomas, Grace, 
George, Faith, Robert and Mark. About 
the year 1830 Thomas came to New York 
city, where he died, leaving one son. 
George came to America in 1833, and 
settled in Virginia, where he died in 1882, 
leaving several sons, one of whom, Joseph, 
went to California. 

William Thraves, son of Samuel, 
was born December 27, 1799, in the town 
of Tythby, Nottinghamshire, England, of 
Anglo-Saxon descent. He was five feet 
ten inches in height, with blue eyes and 
flaxen hair, and when in the vigor of man- 
hood weighed about 180 pounds. He was 
a member of the Church of England, and 
his occupation was that of butcher. In 
1827 he married Miss Marilla Graves, 
who was born December 29, 1799, in the 
village of Austin, Nottinghamshire. She 
was also a member of the Church of Eng- 
land. The names and dates of birth of 
the children born to them in England 
were: George, July 19, 1828; Ann, July 
19, 1828; Robert, May 14, 1830; Mark, 
December 7, 1832; Faith Elizabeth, March 
20, 1835; William, July i 5, 1837; Thomas, 
September 6, 1839. In 1844 the entire 
family emigrated to America, and settled 
in Washington township, Sandusky Co., 
Ohio, where they followed farming and 

stock-raising, and here the youngest son, 
Levi, was born March 2, 1847. In 1854 
they settled upon a farm of eighty acres, 
in Ballville township, which they had 
bought. This was their family home for 
many years, and here William Thraves 
and his sons followed farming and dealing 
in live stock with good success. In 1882 
he retired from active life to a quiet home 
which he had bought, adjoining the farm 
of his son, Mark. William and Marilla 
Thraves celebrated their golden wedding 
in 1877. She died April 2, 1883, after 
which Mr. Thraves lived here and there 
among his children at his own pleasure 
until August 21, 1889, when he passed 
away at the home of his son, Mark. Both 
were buried in McGormley cemetery, 
Ballville township. Of their children, 
Ann M. Thraves married John Crowell, 
and subsequently moved to California, 
where they both died — she in 1867, he in 
1882 — leaving three children. Robert 
Thraves is in Camptonville, Yuba Co., 
Cal. Faith E. Thraves married Henry 
Bowman, and died in 1867. William 
Thraves (son of William, Sr. ,) was killed 
in a railroad accident on the Isthmus of 
Panama in 1856, and buried there. 
George, Mark and Thomas are all farmers 
of Ballville township, Sandusky county. 

GEORGE THRAVES, farmer and 
dealer in live stock, son of Will- 
iam Thraves, was born in Eng- 
land, July 19, 1828. Heattended 
school a few terms in Nottinghamshire, 
and at the age of sixteen came with his 
father's family to America, into the region 
of the Black Swamp, about four miles 
west of Lower Sandusky (now Fremont), 
Ohio. Here he endured some of the toils 
and privations incident to pioneer life, 
and attended a few terms of school in the 
country. After working on a farm for 
several years he served an apprenticeship 
at the blacksmith trade in Lower San- 
dusky with Mr. Lansing, afterward fol- 


lowing; his trade about two years in the 
shop of Samuel Moore, in Fremont, Ohio. 
On April 14, 1853, he was married to 
Miss Mary Jane Crowell, who was born in 
Sandusky township, in 1829, a daughter 
of Samuel and Mary (Link) Crowell. She 
had received a very liberal education, and 
had taught several terms of school in the 
country districts. 

In 1855 Mr. Thraves and his wife went 
to California by the Panama route, and 
located in Yuba county where he bought 
a mining claim and worked at gold min- 
ing about four months. He then sold his 
claim and bought a blacksmith shop in 
which he worked about one year, doing a 
thriving business. The society of the 
miners not being congenial to his wife, he 
returned with her to Ohio in 1858, and 
purchased a farm of eighty acres in Ball- 
ville township, Sanduskj- county. Here 
he followed mixed farming and stock rais- 
ing for about thirtj'-tive years with good 
success. Mr. Thraves has been an active 
friend of education in his neighborhood, 
having held the office of local director for 
twelve years, and taken a deep interest in 
the literary exercises of the young people. 
He also held the office of township trus- 
tee, and other positions of honor and 
trust in the community. He has been a 
member of Croghan Lodge, L O. O. F. , 
at Fremont, Ohio, since 1852, and held, 
at intervals, all the offices of the subor- 
dinate lodge. In politics he was a Whig 
until the Know-nothing agitation in 1856, 
ever since when he has been a Democrat. 
Mrs. Thraves became a member of the 
Methodist Protestant Church, near her 
old home, three miles west of Fremont. 
She proved a faithful and acceptable work- 
er in Sunday-school and society work, and 
maintained a high standard of Christian 
character. She died at her home August 5, 
1885, and was buried in McGormley Ceme- 
tery. Mr. Thraves has continued to reside 
on the farm with his youngest daughter, 
Lillie. The children of George and Mary 
Jane Thraves were: (i) Samuel, who died 

in infancy. (2) Ann Marilla, born in San- 
dusky county, Ohio, July 2, 1855, mar- 
ried to Charles Young, September 25, 
1878, and their children are: Justin Irv- 
ing, born July 13, 1879, and Elsie Lois, 
born December 21, 1883. (3) Mark Eu- 
gene, born April 18, 1859, now residing 
in the vicinity of Los Angeles, Cal. (4) 
Ida Hortense, born July 4, 1861, mar- 
ried to George Sommer, of Green Creek 
township, October 18, 1882, and their 
children are Wilbur, born in September, 
1883; Fred, born in October, 1885; Bar- 
bara, born in September, 1887; Robert, 
born in November 1891, and Corinne, in 
August, 1893. (5) Meade George, attor- 
ney at law, Fremont, Ohio, born Feb- 
ruary 15, 1863, who was married April 9, 
1890, to Miss Mary M., daughter of Ever- 
ett A. and Maria L. C. Bristol; she was 
born at Fremont, Ohio, November 2, 
1868. (6) Lillie May, born September 
13, 1865, who was married April 9, 1895, 
to Merritt Cornell Huber, of near Green 
Spring, Ohio. 

LEWIS K. WRIGHT, the subject 
proper of this sketch, has seen the 
development of Scott township, 
Sandusky county, from the time it 
was a v^'ilderness down to 1895. He was 
born July 13, 1812, and is the son of 
William and Polly (Squire) Wright, who 
were born in Vermont in 1784, and Can- 
ada in 1788, respectively. 

At the age of twenty-four years our 
subject came to Scott township, Sandusky 
county, at a time when no roads were 
made in the township, and when it took 
two days to go to Fremont and back, a 
distance of ten miles. He cleared a fine 
farm, and made a comfortable home for 
himself and family, which he is now en- 
joying in his old age. On May 7, 1835, 
he was married to Miss Finette Lock- 
wood, of Madrid, N. Y., and their union 
was blessed with three children: (i) Ellen 
C. , born September 4, 1836, now resid- 



ing with her father and mother at Tinney, 
Ohio; (2) Levi L. , born September 12, 
1838, married to Julia Green, of Fremont, 
and now residing in Lincoln county, 
Tenn., and (3) William L. , born in 
Cuyahoga county, Ohio, September 26, 
1847, and married to Almeda Tinney, 
daughter of Darwin Scott and Sarah (Wig- 
gins) Tinney, pioneers of Scott township 
(to them were born three children — Clara 
F., born September 3, 1874, was gradu- 
ated in music from the Musical School of 
Indianapolis, Ind., June, 1895; Ralph R. , 
born September 29, 1880, is also a mu- 
sician and member of the Tinney Cornet 
Band, and Stella E., born September 9, 
1882, who is also developing her musical 
talent on the piano; the children inherited 
their musical talents from their father, 
who is a violinist and also a cornetist; he 
in turn inherits his ability in this line from 
his mother and her ancestry); William L. 
is a merchant, having a general store at 
Tinney, Ohio, and is also engaged with 
his father in farming. Politically the 
Wright family are Democrats. Mrs. Will- 
iam Wright was born March 5, 1852, at 
Tinney, Ohio, where she has always re- 

The father and mother of our subject 
were pioneers of Sandusky county, Ohio, 
and the fatherdied in 1856. They reared 
a family of four children, of whom our 
subject is the only one living; the other 
children were: Martin, born in 18 10; 
Harriet, born in 18 14, and Solomon, born 
in 1816. Our subjects paternal grand- 
mother was born about 1756, and died in 
1820; she was born in Vermont, and 
moved to New York, where she married 
Solomon Squire. The maternal grand- 
father of our subject was born in Lower 
Canada in 1756, and was the father of 
three children. 

Levi Lockwood, the father of our sub- 
ject's wife, was born April 24, 1781, in 
Vermont, and died January 13, 1854; he 
went to New York, and thence to Ohio, 
locating near Cleveland, where he died. 

His wife was born March 20, 1788, in 
Connecticut; they were married March 30, 
1803, and were the parents of ten chil- 
dren; she died October 10, 1850, in 
Brighton, Ohio. The paternal grand- 
father of Mrs. Wright, Nathaniel Lock- 
wood, was born in 1750, in Connecticut; 
he moved to Vermont, thence to New 
York, and died in 1830. His wife, Annie 
(Bostwick), was born about 1754 in Ver- 
mont, and moved to New York. Mrs. 
Wright's maternal grandfather, Reuben 
Stone, was born about 1756, and his wife, 
Deborah (Comstock), was born about the 
same time, and died in 1855. 

FRANK M. METCALF, as a pro- 
duce merchant of Clyde, has a 
wider acquaintanceship than most 
citizens of that city can claim. 
In the parlance of trade he is a " hustler," 
and the splendid business which he does 
is the fruit of his own unremitting efforts. 
Ever since he came from the service of 
his country as a veteran he has followed 
his present vocation, save three years 
which he spent in the mining regions of 

Mr. Metcalf was born in Monroe 
county, Mich., May 11, 1843, son of 
Joseph and Sarah (White) Metcalf. 
Joseph Metcalf, who was born in Ver- 
mont in 1 8 10, migrated when a boy with 
his father, Samuel Metcalf, from the 
Green Mountain State to New York State, 
and subsequently to Toledo, Ohio, whence, 
after engaging there for some years in the 
lumber trade, he removed to Monroe 
county, Mich., and there followed the 
same business. In 1843 he returned to 
Ohio, locating in Wyandot county, where 
his father, Samuel Metcalf, died aged 
eighty-si.x years. In 1857 Joseph came 
to Clyde, where he died two years later. 
Joseph Metcalf was a public-spirited and 
enterprising citizen. In New York State 
he had been appointed captain of militia, 
and he also served there as justice of the 



peace. For several terms he was justice 
of the peace in Michigan, and in Wyandot 
county he was elected to the same judicial 
office. He was a man of ripe judgment, 
possessing that rare common sense upon 
which all law decisions rest, and few of 
the decisions he made were ever reversed. 
He was well-read in law, and acquaint- 
ances frequently consulted him in business 
and legal matters. Sarah, his devoted 
wife, who was born in St. Lawrence 
county, N. Y. , in 1820, is at this writing 
still living at Clyde, an active lady for her 
many years. She was one of the organ- 
izers of the Woman's Relief Corps in 
Clyde, and has since been an active mem- 
ber of the same. Both her sons fought 
upon Southern battlefields for national 
union. Her parents died at Berlin 
Heights, Erie county, aged eighty-six and 
eighty-seven years, respectively. The 
three children of Joseph and Sarah 
(White) Metcalf were Judge L., Louisa 
and Frank M. 

Judge L. Metcalf was born in Monroe 
county, Mich., in 1839. He enlisted in 
Company K, One Hundreth O. V. I., and 
was taken prisoner at the battle of Lime- 
stone Station, Tenn., in 1863. He was 
imprisoned on Belle Isle and at Richmond, 
Va. , about a year. He never recovered 
from the effects of prison life, and died 
in 1874, as a result of the indescribable 
hardships, the starvation and exposure to 
which he was subjected. Louisa was born 
March 2, 1841, and married Henry Miller, 
of Clyde. She died in 1862. 

Frank M. Metcalf was fourteen when 
his parents came to Clyde, and here for 
several years he attended the village 
schools. In July, 1861, when eighteen 
years of age, he was one of a company 
of young men from Clyde, Green Spring 
and Tififin, formed to join a regiment of 
sharpshooters in New York City, but that 
regiment not being fully recruited they 
enlisted in the First United States Chas- 
seurs, and were afterward assigned as the 
Sixty-fifth N. Y. V. I. This regiment 

saw hard service from the start. In a 
letter to the editor of the National 
Tribune, Washington, D. C. , and pub- 
lished in the issue of June 21, 1894, F. 
M. Metcalf thus recounted a few of his 
army experiences as follows: 

Editor National lYibune: Well do I remem- 
ber the skirmishes during the fall of '61 in Vir- 
ginia above the Chain Bridg-e; also, McClellan's 
move toward Centerville, and our return; also, 
the trip on the Peninsula; Yorktown; the hot 
fight at Williamsburg, and the fight around 
Richmond; how Gen. Casey's troops were forced 
back from their breastworks by the Confeder- 
ate troops. 

The First U. S. Chasseurs were sent across 
the railroad to reinforce the Thirty-first Penn. 
and Brady's battery. After Casey and Couch 
had been driven back we were north and rear 
of the Confederates, picking up prisoners. At 
this time a man rode over to us from the ene- 
my's lines and told us we would all be captured. 
The boys were inclined to give him the laugh. 
He said he was only doing his duty; also, that 
the woods to our right and front were full of 
Southern troops, which we soon found to be a 
fact. This man again rode back to the enemy's 
lines. The question has always been in my 
mind, who was he? He at least showed us 
where his sj'mpathies lay. We then, on a dou- 
ble-quick, fell back through a strip of woods; 
Brady's battery, near the railroad, with the 
Thirty-first Penn. and Chasseurs behind an old 
rail fence and woods in front. The enemy 
massed, and, amid a deadly fire of shell and 
canister and musketry, charged, and would 
have captured our battery but for the timely 
arrival of a portion of Sumner's Corps, which 
turned the tide of battle here. After the Chas- 
seurs saw the First Minn, forming behind them 
they felt safe, as these two regiments had seen 
service together before. Our infantry reserved 
their fire until the enemy were within a few 
rods of our line of battle. The rebel loss was 
terrible; the ground was covered with their 
dead and wounded. They made a noble fight. 
This was their first repulse and defeat that 
day. The next day our troops retook the 
ground lost the day before, but the loss on both 
sides was heavy. 

My nietnory will ever follow the marches 
and battles of the army of the Potomac — Mal- 
vern Hill, Manassas, South Mountain, Antie- 
tam, Fredericksburg, under Burnside and Hook- 
er. The Chasseurs were the second regiment 
to cross the river below Fredericksburg, and its 
skirmishers the last to recross aft^ the fight 
under Burnside. After the Pennsylvania Re- 
serves had made their fatal charge the writer 
was with the troops who relieved this command. 
The moans of the dying and the appeals of the 
wounded in front of us was enough to touch 
the hardest heart. During Hooker's Chancel- 
lorsville fight the Sixth Corps was below Fred- 


ericksburg. At nig-ht, about 10 or 11 o'clock, 
the Chasseurs were deployed as skirmishers, 
and advanced to drive the Confederates out of 
the city. We met with such resistance we con- 
cluded to wait for daylig-ht. The writer and 
fifteen or t^venty men were with the Chasseur 
colors on the Richmond turnpike. We ran 
against their reserve pickets, who were behind 
a barricade across the road. They had us at a 
disadvantage, and we had to either be shot 
down or ruu to the rear or front. We gave 
them a volley, fixed bayonets, and with a gen- 
uine Yankee yell charged them from their po- 
sition. They then withdrew their forces from 
the cit3' back into their intrenchments on the 
heights, probably thinking the balance of our 
troops were at our heels. We kept hid in the 
city until morning, between the two lines, not 
daring to show ourselves to either side, and ex- 
pecting to be captured by the Johnnies, but 
came nearer being shot the next morning by 
our own troops before we could make them be- 
lieve we belonged to the Chasseurs. 

History tells how Marye's Heights were cap- 
tured at the point of the bayonet by the troops 
under our old Col. Shaler. The general's mem- 
ory will ever be fresh in the minds of the sol- 
diers in that charg-e by the daring and courage 
he displaj'ed riding along the line, and with his 
presence encouraged the boys charging the en- 
emy's works. The next morning found the 
Sixth Corps silently recrossing the Rappahan- 
nock, where we all breathed freer, as we could 
tell by the distant "boom, boom" to our right 
and rear that Gen. Hooker had run against a 
snag at Chancellorsville. The writer was with 
the Sixth Corps at Gettysburg, Wilderness, 
Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, 
against Earlj-'s raid on Washington, and Cedar 
Creek; but space will not permit making men- 
tion of incidents during these hard-fought bat- 
tles. Where are the Chasseurs now? 

After the war Mr. Metcalf returned to 
Clyde and engaged in the produce-ship- 
ping business. During the three years — 
1882-85 — he was located in the Santa 
Rita mountains, Arizona, looking after 
the interests of the Salero Mining and 
Milling Co., of New York City, and also 
operating silver mines of his own there. 
Mr. Metcalf is a man of energetic, push- 
ing habits, and he has thereby built up a 
large trade. He is a prominent member 
of the U. V. U. command at Clyde. Mr. 
Metcalf was married in February, 1886, to 
Miss Emma J. Miller, daughter of Lyman 
Miller. Her three brothers were in the 
war of the Rebellion, and the oldest was 
shot and killed in that war. 

GEORGE J. BLOOM. Among the 
thousands of emigrants, of vari- 
ous nationalties, who, during the 
last half of the nineteenth cen- 
tury, have come to our shores from the 
overcrowded hives of population in the 
Old World, none have contributed more 
to our national prosperity and the stabil- 
ity of our American institutions, than 
those who came from the German Father- 
land. Wherever they have settled, whether 
in the busy marts of our rapidly growing 
cities, the stirring lumber and mining re- 
gions of the mountains, or the broad fer- 
tile prairies of the West, they have, as a 
class, established an enviable reputation 
for industry, frugality and thrift, and are 
to-day among our most trustworthy and 
law-abiding citizens. As a gentleman 
possessing these characteristics, in a mod- 
est way, we present the subject of this 

George J. Bloom, retired farmer, Fre- 
mont, Ohio, was born in Baden, Germany, 
November 25, 1836. His parents were 
Jacob Bloom and Barbara (Florien), the 
former of whom was also born in Baden, 
where he followed the trade of shoemaker, 
and after his marriage in the year 1854, 
emigrated with his family to America. 
They took passage in a sailing vessel, en- 
countered severe storms and adverse 
winds, and were fifty-four days on the 
ocean. Proceeding westward, they came 
to Sandusky county, Ohio, and settled on 
a forty-acre farm in Ballville township, 
on which they made their home. After 
a useful and exemplary life, and living to 
see his children in good circumstances, 
Jacob Bloom died, July 2, 1883. His 
wife, Barbara, was born in Alsace, France 
(now Germany), and passed away at the age 
of forty-five, after faithfully performing 
her duties as a helpmeet to her hus- 
band and mother to her children. Her 
father, Joseph Florien, a pioneer of San- 
dusky county, died here at the advanced 
age of one hundred and nine years. His 
children were: Joseph, Barbara, Mag- 



dalene, Catharine, George and Julia. 
The children of Jacob and Barbara Bloom 
were: Jacob, a physician, who lived in 
Indiana and died in Ballville township, 
Sandusky county (he was unmarried); 
William, who is engaged in the manufac- 
ture of potash, at Fostoria, Ohio; George 
J., our subject; Barbara, who married 
Lewis Mutchler, and lives on a farm near 
Green Spring; and Mary, wife of George 
Bloom, a laborer, at Fremont, Ohio. 

Our subject went to school in his na- 
tive city of Baden about eight years, also 
attending the services of the Lutheran 
Church, and learned the trade of barber. 
At the age of eighteen years he came with 
his father's family to Sandusky county, 
Ohio, where he assisted his parents in the 
purchase and clearing up of a farm, be- 
sides working several years as a farm hand 
among the neighbors, learning the meth- 
ods of well-to-do farmers. On February 
1 8, 1863, he married Miss Annie Cole- 
man, who was born February 2, 1S41, in 
Hanover, Germany, of which place her 
parents, Frederick and Marie (Stratman) 
Coleman, were also natives; they emi- 
grated to America in 1845, and settled 
near Woodville, Ohio, where the father 
died in 1887, aged eighty-one years, and 
the mother at the age of thirty years. 
Their children were: Annie, wife of our 
subject; William, a farmer, living in Ot- 
tawa county, Ohio; Henry, a farmer of 
Sandusky county; John, a soldier of the 
Civil war, now an employe of the Lake 
Shore & Michigan Southern railroad, 
living at Fremont, Ohio, and Frederick, 
living at Woodville, Ohio. 

After his marriage Mr. Bloom settled 
on a farm near Green Spring, Ohio, where 
he lived about nine years. He then sold 
his farm and bought another near Genoa, 
in Ottawa county, on which he remained 
four and a half years, when he again sold, 
next buying a farm of eighty-five acres in 
Ballville township, about three miles 
southeast of Fremont, which he greatly 
improved and made his home thereon for 

seventeen years. He was quite successful 
in the raising of grain and the rearing of 
live stock. In the year 1892 he bought 
property in and removed to Fremont, to 
give his children the advantages of the city 
schools. This property he traded, a year 
later, for a farm of seventy-three acres 
(formerly the Thraves' homestead), ad- 
joining his other farm in Ballville town- 

Mr. Bloom has been a Democrat in 
politics, but is not a partisan. He and 
his wife were reared in the doctrines of 
the Lutheran Church, but during the last 
twenty years have been worthy members 
of the Evangelical Association. Their 
children were: Caroline, wife of Charles 
Martin, a farmer, who has four children — 
Ralph, Blanche, Vinnie and Mabel; 
Amelia, who married Oscar Lemon, and 
has two children — George Edward and 
Hazel; and Mary, Barbara, Anna, George, 
Ida and Charles, all of whom are unmar- 
ried and living with their parents. 

FREDERICK SMITH, a resident 
of Sandusky township, Sandusky 
county, was born in Baden, Ger- 
many, June 2, 1829, a son of 
John and Catharine (Ernst) Smith. The 
parents were also born in Baden, the 
father August 24, 1783, the mother No- 
vember 5, 1787; both died in Rice town- 
ship, Sandusky Co., Ohio, where they 
had settled in the then forest. John 
Smith served in the Napoleonic wars, be- 
ing with the staff of officers. He was on 
the famous march to Russia, where so 
many thousand soldiers were frozen, and 
was one of the few who escaped impris- 

Frederick Smith grew to manhood in 
Sandusky county, and attended the com- 
mon schools a short time. He remained 
with his parents on the farm, and by dili- 
gence and hard labor cleared off the 
heavy timber and drained a large tract, 
now some of the finest farming lands in 



the county. In 1S52 he married Miss 
Elizabeth Kaiser, born in France, Febru- 
ary 22, 1830, who is still living. 
He and his wife remained with his parents 
until their death, in 1870, soon after 
which time he removed to his present 
home in Sandusky township, but a short 
distance from Fremont. His brick resi- 
dence is one of the finest in the township. 
Mr. Smith and his family are members of 
the Lutheran Church; in politics he is a 
Democrat, and has held public offices for 
twenty-two years. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Smith were born children as follows: 
Christina, deceased; Frederick, Jr., who 
is married to Caroline Loganbach; Car- 
ohne, wife of Lewis Nicholas; J. Will- 
iam, married to Maud ICinman; Eliza- 
beth, Clara, Amelia, all at home, and 
Edward F. , now at Toledo, Ohio. 

the hardy sons of toil who have 
subdued the towering forests, 
drained the malarious swamps 
and developed the vast agricultural re- 
sources of the region of northern Ohio 
known as the Black Swamp, the subject 
of this sketch deserves honorable men- 
tion. Beginning at the very foot of the 
ladder, at the age of ten, he patiently 
worked his way up the rounds, step by 
step, until he reached the height of com- 

George W. Ivenan was born July 31, 
1824, a native of Perry county, Ohio. 
His paternal grandfather, James Ivenan, 
was born about 1778, in Ireland, and died, 
in 1858, in Jackson township, Sandusky 
Co., Ohio. Thegrandmother was born in 
1780. They reared a family of eleven 
children, three of whom are yet living. 
The father of our subject, Silas Kenan, 
was born February 3, 1807, near Wheel- 
ing, W. Va., and migrated thence to 
Perry county, Ohio, where he remained 
until 1835, the year of his removal to 
Jackson township, Sandusky county, 

where he resided till his death in 1875. 
He married Barbara, daughter of Jacob 
and Mary Overmyer, of Harrisburg, 
Dauphin Co., Penn., the father born in 
Pennsylvania about 1784, the mother 
about the same time. They reared a 
family of nine children, only one of 
whom survives, Peter, now aged eighty- 
five years, and a brief record of them is 
as follows: Barbara, Mrs. Kenan, was 
born February 20, 1802. Hugh, a 
farmer in Jackson township, married Miss 
Nellie Yost, and has eight children — 
Henry, Harrison, Mary, John I., Frank 
Mitchell, France, Martha and Hiram — 
three of whom are living; he is a Demo- 
crat, and a member of the Baptist 
Church. Margaret married Hugh Mitch- 
ell, a farmer, and has four children; Mr. 
Mitchell is a Democrat and a Baptist. 
Lewis, a farmer of Jackson township, like 
his brothers, is a Democrat and a Baptist, 
is married and has five children — Susan, 
Ellen, Ben, Catharine and Hugh. Eva 
married Rev. Mr. Dahouf. Catharine 
married Emanuel Roberts, and had two 
children, both now deceased. Polly, who 
married Benjamin Hammit, a farmer of 
Iowa, has eight children; he is a Demo- 
crat and a Baptist. Peter, also a farmer 
in Iowa, married Elizabeth Hill, and had 
five children; he is also a Democrat and 
Baptist. The name of the ninth child is 

The children of Silas and Barbara 
Kenan, parents of our subject, were: 
Hugh, who died in childhood; George W. ; 
Thomas J., born in 1826, who married 
Jemima Housman, and was killed in a 
runaway at Fremont, Ohio, December 
31, 1864, being preceded to the grave by 
his vv'ife, who died August 23, 1864; Peter, 
born November 22, 1829, who was mar- 
ried March 4, 1856, to Sarah A. Hodgson 
and has had one child; William Manville, 
who, in 1878, married Miss Sylvia A. 
Powell (he has a fine collection of Indian 
relics); Minerva, born December 6, 1830, 
who married William Jackson, of Ere- 

^/cuuA/fT^ /fce^^ 





mont, Ohio, and has two children — 
Thomas G. and Charles B. (Mr. Jack- 
son is a Republican); Mahala, born April 
24, 1832, who married Thomas J. Eld- 
ridge, a farmer of Indiana, who was a 
soldier in the Civil war (he is a Repub- 
lican and a member of the U. B. Church); 
Francis, a blacksmith of Green Spring, 
Ohio, who married Eliza Strouse, and has 
four children — Ellen, Minerva, William 
O. and Birchard (he served in the Civil 
war in Company I, Seventy-second O. V. 
I.); Mary Ann, who married Charles 
Robinson, a farmer of Michigan, and has 
six children — Francis, Milo, Charles, Clif- 
ford, Howard and Minnie (Mr. Robinson 
is a Republican and a member of the M. 
E. Church; he was a soldier in the Civil 
war); Oscar, who is a farmer near Gales- 
burg, 111., married Margaret Ickes, and 
has five children (he is a Republican and 
a member of the M. E. Church); and 
Caroline, born July 10, 1847, who mar- 
ried Daniel Condon, a carpenter and 
school teacher, and died July 25, 1871 
(they had a child that died in infancy; 
Mr. Condon is a Republican). 

Our subject started out to work on a 
farm by the month when he was only ten 
years of age, saved his money and made 
prudent investments, and is now enjoying 
the fruits of his early economy and in- 
dustry. At the age of twenty-seven, Oc- 
tober 13, 1 85 1, he married Miss Elizabeth 
Posey, who was born August 30, 1832, 
and they had seven children, of whom, 
Orin married Angeline King, and has two 
children — Frank and Lulu (he is a Demo- 
crat and a member of the U. B. Church); 
Charles, who is a farmer, married Mary 
Cookson (he is a Democrat and a member of 
the Evangelical Association); Lodemie 
married Michael Mowery, and has three 
children — Charles, Lewis and Webb; Mar- 
shall, a farmer, married Miss Carrie Smith 
(he is a Democrat); Lorema married 
Elijah Voorhies, a farmer of Seneca coun- 
ty (he is a Republican and a member of 
the U. B. Church); Frank, a farmer, of 

Jackson township, married Miss Clara 
Havens (he is a Democrat); the name of 
the seventh child is Barbara A. Mrs. 
Kenan is the daughter of Isaac and Sabra 
(Preston) Posey, both of whom were na- 
tives of Pennsylvania, the former born in 
1804 near Philadelphia, the latter in 18 10 
in Mercer county. They had a family of 
children as follows: Sarah, Elizabeth 
(Mrs. Kenan), Sabra, Luther, Rachel and 
Hannah (twins), Harriet, Bell, Susanna, 
Martha, Mary, John, David, Esther and 
William, ten of whom are living. Mr. 
and Mrs. Posey migrated to the Black 
Swamp, Ohio, :when Mrs. Kenan was but 
two years of age, and the father died in 
1858, the mother September 20, 1888. 
Grandmother Elizabeth Preston was born 
in England, about 1777, and had six chil- 
dren, four of whom are living. Mrs. 
Kenan's paternal grandfather, Micaga 
Posey, was a major in the Revolution- 
ary war. 

The first land Mr. Kenan bought was 
180 acres in Jackson township; he next 
purchased 122 in Scott township, then 
about 200 of his neighbor's land, making 
in all 327 acres. He has retired from 
farming, his son, G. F. Kenan, operating 
the farm; but during his active life he 
cleared many acres of heavily-timbered 
land which he now owns. He has leased 
his land in Scott township to the Stand- 
ard Oil Co., receiving a snug income from 
this source. In politics he is a stanch 
Democrat, and in religious faith a member 
of the Baptist Church, to which he con- 
tributes liberally. 

worlds of Clyde, Sandusky county, 
its business and its social circles, 
the names of Zachary Taylor and 
his accomplished wife rank as lead- 
ers; and in the joyous and prosperous 
lives of these two people the two spheres 
are most happily blended. Mrs. Taylor, 
while possessing all the womanly graces 



of her sex, has a keen business sense, a 
rare taste and judgment, exercised in the 
selection of stock which attracts to her 
husband's dr\'-goods store the best trade 
from a wide region of country. The mer- 
cantile career of Mr. Taylor has not been 
one succession of successes. Sunlight has 
followed shadow, but through it all runs 
the gleam of mercantile ability. As a 
child of six years Zachary Taylor sold ap- 
ples on the train and peddled molasses 
candy. At the age of thirteen years he 
went behind the counter for W. B. Clock, 
and for ten years he clerked for various 
firms before entering business for himself. 
He has become a prominent merchant of 
northern Ohio, and is distinctively a self- 
made man — one who realizes the talis- 
manic powers of industry and business 

Mr. Taylor was born at Clyde Sep- 
tember 1 6, 1849, son of George W. and 
Abigail C. (Whitcher) Taylor. George 
W. Taylor was born in Rensselaer county, 
N. Y. , in 1825, and comes from old Ver- 
mont stock of Scotch and Irish ancestry. 
He learned the saddler's trade in New 
York and followed it at Troy and at New 
York City. Coming west, he worked at 
his trade for a short time at Milan and 
Sandusky, and about 1845 came to Clyde. 
Here he conducted a dry-goods and gro- 
cery store for a time, but later returned 
to the saddlery business. He was a Re- 
publican in politics, and his blameless life 
was dominated by a spirit of practical 
Christianity. He died of paralysis in 
1 88 1. Abigail (Whitcher), wife of George 
W. Taylor, was born at Gasport, N. Y. , 
February 3, 1828, and migrated with 
her brothers and her widowed mother to 
Milan, where she met her future husband. 
The Whitchers are of English extraction. 
Generations ago three unmarried brothers 
of the name came to America, two of 
whom returned to England, where they 
acquired wealth and died childless. The 
third married in America, and from him 
the present Whitchers in tltis country 

have descended. An absence of legal 
records prevents the representatives from 
obtaining the English inheritance. The 
Whitchers are hardy, frugal, honest peo- 
ple, of great industry, and it is from his 
mother that Zachary Taylor has inherited 
his push and executive business ability. 
To George W. and Abigail Taylor four 
children were born: Erastus, accident- 
ally killed at the age of fifteen years, 
while hunting; Zachary; Emma A., wife 
of L. C. Carlin, a real-estate dealer of 
Findlay, and Ida L. 

At the age of twenty-three Zachary 
Taylor, in partnership with G. S. Rich- 
ards, established at Clyde a dry-goods 
business, which they conducted seven 
years. In the latter years they did not 
prosper, and were compelled to make an 
assignment; investigation revealed that a 
confidential clerk had been a large em- 
bezzler. Left penniless at thirty by this 
betrayal of trust, Zachary Taylor went 
on the road; first traveling through Ohio 
and Indiana for E. M. McGillen & Co., 
of Cleveland, for three years, then for 
Mills & Gibb, a New York house. In 
1888 Mr. Taylor was again on his feet 
financially. He re-established a business 
at Clyde in dry goods, carpets, furnishing 
goods, etc., which has grown rapidly. 
He now employs from six to seven clerks, 
and occupies two floors, 25 x 100 feet, 
centrally located. When he opened his 
business in 1888 most of the best trade of 
Clyde was going elsewhere, but he put in 
a line of goods that could not be excelled, 
and as a result Clyde not only holds her 
own in trade, but draws upon that of 
other neighboring cities. 

Mr. Taylor was married, October 2, 
1877, to Miss Julia R. Klink, who was 
born December 24, 1861, daughter of 
Rev. Charles M. and Julia (Black) Klink. 
Rev. Klink was an English Lutheran 
minister. He was born at Newville, 
Cumberland Co., Penn., in 1824, son of 
John George and Elizabeth (Humes) 
Klink. John G. Klink was born in Eng- 



land of English and German parentage. 
He was a man of force and character, 
but without titled name. Elizabeth 
Humes, the girl he loved and married, 
was the daughter of an English lord, and 
for her plebeian marriage she was dis- 
inherited. The young couple emigrated 
to America, settling at Newville, Penn., 
and here Mr. Klink acquired wealth. He 
was a man of temperate habits, and was 
highly honored for his integrity and many- 
other virtues. Charles M. Klink attended 
a theological seminary at Cincinnati, 
Ohio, expecting to become a Presbyterian 
minister, but at the earnest solicitation 
of his father he was ordained a minister 
of the English Lutheran Church. At 
Cincinnati he met his future wife, Miss 
Julia Black. She was born at College Hill, 
a suburb of Cincinnati, and was a cousin 
of Henry Ward Beecher. Mr. Klink was 
introduced to her by that afterward dis- 
tinguished divine, who was a fellow stu- 
dent at the seminary. Many years of his 
pastoral work were spent by Rev. Klink at 
Middletown, Md. He was there during 
the Civil war, and had just completed a 
new church when the battle occurred in 
that vicinity. His new church was con- 
verted into a hospital, and the wounded 
and disabled soldiers were the first bene- 
ficiaries of the new upholstered seats. 
His health failing. Rev. Klink came to 
Ohio. He purchased the Uriah Lemon 
farm, south of Sandusky, and sitting in a 
chair he preached on the last Sunday of 
his life; he died in 1862. To Rev. and 
Mrs. Klink six children were born: Mary 
Elizabeth, wife of Arthur G. Ellsworth, a 
farmer of Sandusky county; George A., 
in the oil business at Cleveland, Ohio; 
John W. , a farmer of Eaton Rapids, 
Mich.; Jennie E., wife of W. E. Bunker, 
of Eaton Rapids, Mich. ; Julia R. ; and 
William E., an insurance agent of Rich- 
mond, Va. To Zachary and Julia Taylor 
one child, Z. Arthur, was born March 1 1, 

Mrs. Taylor is a member of the M. E. 

Church and a leader in Church work. She 
has been a member of the choir, and as a 
Sunday-school teacher her class grew in 
a short time from eighteen to fifty-six 
members. Both Mr. and Mrs. Taylor 
are members of the Chosen Friends, and 
he is now Regent of the Royal Arcanum. 
In politics he is a radical Republican. In 
business Mrs. Taylor is of great assistance 
to her husband. It would be difficult to 
find anywhere a woman of superior or 
even equal business abilities. In busi- 
ness and social relations they work as one 
individual. Mr. Taylor is a great "home 
man," and perhaps carries more insur- 
ance than any other resident of Clyde. 
The city is indebted to this couple per- 
haps as to no other for the charms and 
refinements of its better life. 

DANIEL BEMIS, widely known as 
a liberal and well-to-do farmer of 
York township, Sandusky county, 
was born in Ontario county, N. 
Y. , July 3, 1825, son of James and Anna 
(Morely) Bemis, both natives of Connec- 

James Bemis, when a young man, 
emigrated from his native State to New 
York, and about 1832 came to Ohio. He 
located in Groton township, Erie county, 
erected a shop on his farm, and for many 
years engaged jointly in clearing and till- 
ing the soil, and in following his trade of 
blacksmithing. He was an Old-line 
Whig, and died before the war. Both he 
and his wife were buried at Bellevue. 
Their family of nine children were as fol- 
lows: James, who died in Clyde, aged 
seventy-two years; Harriet Nichols, who 
died at her home in Clyde October i, 
1894; Chauncey, of Strawberry Point, 
Iowa; Shepherd, of Bowling Green; 
Daniel, subject of this sketch; Harvey, 
who died at his home in Illinois, in Sep- 
tember, 1895; Sally Ann, wife of James 
Tuck, of Lansing, Mich. ; Emeline, wife 
of John Gardner, of York township; and 



Leonard, who died at the age of fourteen 

Daniel Bemis grew to manhood on his 
father's farm in Erie county, and received 
his education in the district schools. He 
was married, March 2, 1854, to Cordelia 
Laughlin, who was born July 8, 1835, in 
Erie county, daughter of John and Harriet 
(Call) Laughlin. John Laughlin was born 
in Beaver county, Penn., March 3, 1796. 
His father was a native of Ireland. John 
Laughlin was a soldier in the war of 
1 812, and when a young man he came to 
Berlin township, Erie county, where he 
married Harriet Call. She was born in 
New York State, November 26, 1807, 
daughter of Rev. Call, who was a Baptist 
missionary among the Indians. He had 
married a Miss Cross, and settled in Ber- 
lin township, Erie county. After marriage 
John and Harriet Laughlin lived in Berlin 
township until 1842, and then moved to 
Beaver county, Penn. Nine years later 
they returned to Erie county, where the 
father died soon after, on September 3, 
1851; the mother survived until Novem- 
ber 19, 1857. The children of John and 
Harriet Laughlin were as follows: Melissa, 
born April 7, 1833, married Reuben Met- 
calf, and lives in Muscatine county, Iowa; 
Cordelia, wife of Mr. Bemis; Levi, born 
September 17, 1837, lives in Wood coun- 
ty, Ohio; Cyrus, born December 24, 
1S39, enlisted in the autumn of 1861 in 
Company F, Forty-ninth O. V. I., and 
died at Louisville, Ky., in August, 1864, 
from a wound received in service; Hud- 
son, born May 9, 1842, died July 11, 
1857; Clara, born August i, 1846, mar- 
ried Zeno Bush, and died August 23, 1875; 
Dana Franklin, born September 23, 1850, 
died March 12, 1852. 

After marriage Mr. and Mrs. Bemis 
began housekeeping on a farm in Erie 
county, and remained there until 1856, 
when they removed to Sandusky county, 
where they have since resided. To them 
have been born children, as follows: 
Emeiinc, born April 11, 1855, died June 

19, 1856; Daniel H., born July 11, 1858, 
died April 18, 1865; George Laughlin, 
born May 12, 1861, married and has one 
child — Edna — born March 12, 1888 (they 
live in Sandusky county); Effie, born 
July 25, 1863, died April 5, 1864; Fred 
H., born February 16, 1865, married 
Nellie Pickering, and they are the parents 
of three children — Elsie, Zeno and Her- 
bert; Zeno, born June 14, 1870, resident 
of Iowa; Clara B., born March i, 1875, 
at home; and Burton W., born July i, 
1 877, at home. Mr. Bemis takes an active 
interest in politics, and is a stanch mem- 
ber of the Republican party. 

GEORGE B. SMITH, dental sur- 
geon, one of the leading profes- 
sional men of Fremont, Sandusky 
county, is a fair example of the 
success which may be attained, even early 
in life, by concentration of purpose and 
thoroughness of preparation in any chosen 

Dr. Smith, who was born May 5, 1864, 
in Ballville township, Sandusky county, 
was the son of a farmer, but decided to 
forsake the pursuit of agriculture which so 
many of his ancestors had followed, and 
to prepare himself for a professional ca- 
reer. His early education was acquired 
in the district school, that alina mater to 
which so many of the brilliant minds, not 
only of Ohio, but of numerous other 
States, owe allegiance, this being followed 
by a course in the high school at Fre- 
mont. He began the study of dentistry 
under Dr. Cregar, of the same city, and 
afterward attended the Dental College at 
Philadelphia, Penn., from which he was 
graduated in 1887. He returned to Fre- 
mont and at once entered upon his pro- 
fession, in which he has been eminently 
successful, having built up a large and 
constantly increasing practice. 

Dr. Smith is so admirably equipped 
for his work, both from natural ability and 
thorough acquaintance with its details, 



that the public place the utmost confidence 
in his professional skill. Added to this, 
his well-known integrity and many de- 
lightful social qualities render him a very 
agreeable companion, and it follows as a 
matter of course that he occupies a promi- 
nent place in the community. He is 
president of the Epworth League of Fre- 
mont, and is also a member of the I. O. 
O. F. He is non-partisan in politics, but 
rather leans to the Republican party, with 
which he generally casts his vote. On 
May I, 1893, he was married to Miss Iva 
M. Fitch, who was born in Angola, Ind., 
and is a daughter of Dr. John and Emma 
Fitch. Dr. Fitch died from the effect of 
wounds received in the army; his widow 
still resides in Fremont. The pleasant 
home of Dr. and Mrs. Smith is the resort 
of a large circle of friends. 

It may not be amiss to add here a 
short sketch of the immediate family of 
our subject. His father, John C. Smith, 
who is a farmer of Ballville township, 
was born in Warren county, N. J., July 
9, 1828. He was a son of William and 
Sarah (Trimmer) Smith, of Dutch de- 
scent. William Smith's father was Peter 
Smith, who was born in Holland, emi- 
grated to the United States, served dur- 
ing the Revolutionary war, and died in 
New Jersey. William Smith grew to 
manhood in New Jersey, where he fol- 
lowed farming and teaming. He removed 
to Perry county, Ohio, in 1839, and to 
Ballville township, Sandusky county, in 
1847, where he cultivated a farm; he died, 
in 1865, at the age of seventy-five years. 
In politics he was a Democrat. His wife 
died July 3, 1858, aged sixty-four years. 
Their children were: Henry, who is a 
grocer at Newark, Ohio; Sarah, married 
to Jacob R. Cole, a farmer of Ballville 
township; William, a farmer, who mar- 
ried Sarah Sibbrel, and was for eighteen 
years treasurer of Ballville township ; 
George, a farmer, married to Elizabeth 
Petty; John C, who was married Novem- 
ber r, 1850, to Ellenora Bowland. and 

Hannah Maria, who died when eleven 
years of age. The children of John C. 
and Ellenora Smith were as follows: 
Susan, born October 4, 1851, married 
Judge Kelley, of Port Clinton, Ohio, their 
children being Amy, Bessie and Donnell; 
Frank P., born July 27, 1855, is a farmer 
(he married Laura Spade, and has two 
children. Homer and Cleve), and George 
B., the subject of this sketch. 

AARON SMART. This well-known 
farmer and lumber-mill owner has 
been identified with the growing 
interests of Townsend township, 
Sandusky county, for a period of thirty 
years. Much of the prosperity of this 
township, as well as of the village of 
Vickery, is due to his progressiveness and 
indomitable industry, and, knowing and 
appreciating this fact, his fellow-citizens 
hold him in high esteem and regard. 

Mr. Smart was born in Erie county, 
Ohio, December 18, '1842, and is a son of 
Pettis and Sophia (Kraemer) Smart, who 
had a family of eight children, of whom the 
following named five survive: Camellia, 
wife of Franklin Plantz, residing in Kan- 
sas; Aaron, the subject of this sketch; 
Elizabeth, wife of John Leary, residing 
in Wood county; Martha, wife of Fred- 
erick Wallie, living in Elmore; and La- 
fayette, residing near Fremont. When 
four years of age Aaron Smart came with 
his parents to Madison township, San- 
dusky Co., Ohio, his boyhood days 
being spent here upon his father's farm, 
and he received his education in the dis- 
trict schools. Here he resided until 1861, 
in which year he enlisted in Company A, 
One Hundred and Eleventh O. V. I., and 
served his country faithfully for three 
years during the war of the Rebellion, 
taking part in no less than thirty-one en- 
gagements. He was mustered out and 
finally discharged at Cleveland in the 
spring of 1865, and went to Fremont, 
Sandusky county, whither his parents 



had removed during his absence. He there 
again engaged in agricultural pursuits for 
about a year, removing to Townsend in 
1 866, since which date he has been a con- 
tinuous resident of that township, closely 
identified with its varied interests. 

In Riley township, Sandusky county, 
Januar}' i, 1867, Aaron Smart was united 
in marriage with Abigail Lutes, who was 
born in Stark count}', Ohio, March 30, 
1S46, daughter of Adam and Elizabeth 
(Faber) Lutes, and they had ten children, 
eight of whom are now living, their names 
and dates of births being as follows: John 
W. , August 6, 1870; Samuel M., March 
1 1, 1872; Clara B., June 10, 1875 (she is 
now the wife of Ernest Werman); Wes- 
ley P., November 3, 1877; Aaron L. , 
December 27, 1879; Zella E. , January 9, 
1882; Roscoe C, May 8, 1884; and 
Glennie G., March 3, 1886. Politically, 
Mr. Smart is a good, active Democrat. 
He has served his township efficiently as 
trustee for six years, and has also held 
other township offices. Both he and his 
family attend the Methodist Episcopal 

Hanover. Germany, October 19, 
1829, and is a son of Charles 
and Julia (Glaisecik) Schroeder. 
Charles Schroeder, a shoemaker in Ger- 
many, came with his family to America 
in 1842, and located in Woodville town- 
ship, Sandusky Co., Ohio. Here he 
bought eighty acres of timberland, cleared 
it, and made it his home until his death, 
which occurred in February, 1882. His 
widow died in 1893. 

Henry Schroeder was reared on his 
father's farm, and obtained a good En- 
glish and German school education. In 
his eighteenth year he went to Toledo, 
Ohio, where he worked three years at the 
shoemaker's trade. He then returned to 
Woodville, Sandusky county, and became 
associated in business with Nicholas 

Smith, continuing for only three months, 
when he built a shop, and went into busi- 
ness for himself. In 1852 Henry Schroe- 
der was united in marriage with Sophia 
Dickmeyer, by whom he has had eight 
children, as follows: Lucy, who married 
Fred Sandwisch, of Woodville township; 
Richie, who married Henry Snyder, and 
lives in Michigan; Carrie, who married 
Gus Shepherds, and is living in Michigan; 
Minnie is deceased; Charles married Amy 
Kinker, of Toledo, Ohio; William lives in 
Michigan; Harry died in infancy; Sophia 
is deceased. Mrs. Henry Schroeder died 
December 18, 1874, and in October, 1876, 
Mr. Schroeder again married, taking to 
wife Angeline Shepherds, daughter of 
Harmony Shepherds, a farmer of Indiana. 
Mr. Schroeder still has forty acres of 
valuable land in Woodville township, San- 
dusky county, which he rents out. He is 
a Democrat in politics, has been superin- 
tendent of roads, is trustee, and is a mem- 
ber of the Lutheran Church. 

HG. GIBBONS is a leading real- 
estate dealer of Clyde, Sandusky 
county, and is a native of New 
York State, born July 27, 1842, 
at Lisbon, St. Lawrence county. 

On his father's side he is descended 
from old English stock, while on his 
mother's he claims Scotch descent. His 
paternal grandparents in an early day 
emigrated from their native land, Eng- 
land, to Upper Canada (now Province of 
Ontario), where, in the then village of 
Renfrew, they passed the rest of their 
lives. Their children were: James, Will- 
iam, George, Joseph, Thomas and Mary, 
of whom James was a ship captain on 
the lakes many years; William and George 
were extensive lumber and timber mer- 
chants; Thomas was the father of our sub- 
ject, and will be more fully spoken of 
presently; Mary married Philip Thomp- 
son, all of whom made their home in the 
vicinity of Renfrew, Canada. 



Thomas Gibbons was born at Renfrew, 
Canada, in 1810, whence he moved to 
New York State, making a permanent 
settlement there. For many years he was 
clerk of the court at Canton, St. Law- 
rence county, and enjoyed a wide popu- 
larity. He owned a large farm, and at 
one period of his life was a steamboat 
clerk on the river St. Lawrence, at another 
time conducting a mercantile business. 
He was married at Canton, N. Y. , to 
Isabella Thompson, who was born in 
Scotland in 18 10, and when an eight- 
year-old girl came to America with her 
parents, who settled in St. Lawrence 
county, N. Y. , where they followed agri- 
cultural pursuits. To Thomas Gibbons 
and his wife were born eleven children, a 
brief record of whom is as follows: (i) 
William was a veteran in the war of the 
Rebellion, and was made prisoner at the 
battle of Spottsylvania Court House, 
where he was wounded; he died recently 
in St. Lawrence county, N. Y. (2) James 
was a clerk in Ogdensburg, N. Y. , for 
about fifteen years, and subsequently fol- 
lowed the trade of jeweler. (3) Jona- 
than was a wholesale merchant at Flack- 
ville, St. Lawrence Co., N. Y. (4) Isaac 
ran a mail stage for many years at 
Ogden, N. Y. , and is now a wholesale 
merchant at Hermon, N. Y. (5) Mary 
Jane married Eli Vandelinder, and they 
live at DeKalb Junction, N. Y. (6) Ag- 
nes married Samuel Baxter, a farmer and 
dairyman of DeKalb, N. Y. (7) H. G. 
is the subject proper of this sketch. (8) 
Marcelia married Joseph Lawrence, and 
they are residents of New York State. 
(9) Susannah married Thomas McConkey, 
and they moved to Toronto, Canada, 
where they died. (10) George is a whole- 
sale and retail merchant at DeKalb Junc- 
tion, N. Y. , where he is a leading politician. 
(11) Helen married Albert Lawrence, a 
furniture dealer of DeKalb Junction, N. Y. 
The parents of this numerous family died, 
the father in i860, the mother in 1874. 

H. G. Gibbons received a liberal edu- 

cation at the public schools of the vi- 
cinity of his place of birth, subsequently 
attending college at Canton, N. Y. , after 
which he went to Canada and there taught 
school some seven years. Returning to 
New York State, he did not long tarry 
there, having concluded to try his fortune 
in the then Far West. After a brief resi- 
dence in Chicago, however, he "drifted" 
from there to New Orleans, whence after 
a stay of some three months he returned 
north, and in 1863 took up his temporary 
abode in Cleveland, Ohio. From there 
he once more proceeded to New York 
State, thence a second time to Canada, 
where he again took up the profession of 
school-teacher. At the end of about a 
year he returned to the United States, and 
in Riley township, Sandusky Co., Ohio, 
made a more permanent settlement. Here 
for twenty years he taught school, be- 
coming a representative "dominie," a 
veritable reproduction of the school-mas- 
ter Oliver Goldsmith had in his mind's eye 
when he penned the lines: 

A man severe he was, and stern to view; 

I knew him well, as every truant knew: 
Well had the boding- tremblers learned to 

The day's disasters in his morning- face. 

After this extensive and honorable pro- 
fessional career Mr. Gibbons retired from 
the field of pedagogy to engage in other 
pursuits, among which may be mentioned 
the selling of farm machinery among the 
agricultural classes, more recently taking 
up the real-estate business, in which latter 
occupation he is at present extensively 
engaged in the city of Clyde. 

Mr. Gibbons has been twice married 
first time in 1869 to Miss Sarah Van Bus- 
kirk, who was born in Riley township, 
Sandusky Co., Ohio, and who passed 
away two years after marriage, leaving 
one child, Justin R. , born February 11, 
1868, died April 16, 1888. For his sec- 
ond wife Mr. Gibbons was married in 1871 
to Miss Sarah Hawk, who was born in 
Green Creek township, Sandusky Co., 



Ohio, November i, 1848, and the record 
of the children born to this union is as 
follows: (i) Maude M., born March 14, 
1874, is one of the most estimable young 
ladies of Clyde, and is at present assisting 
her father in his real-estate business; (2) 
Mabel L. , born December 28, 1882; (3) 
Harry G., born October 21, 1886; (4) 
Clyde, born April 13, 1890, died Decem- 
bsr 8, 1890. Mr. Gibbons is a man of 
impulsive yet sympathetic temperament, 
scourging all that is wrong with unrelent- 
ing lash, and cleaving to what is right 
with fierce tenacity. To his enemies he 
is generous, though antagonistic; to his 
friends he is faithful and sincere. In his 
political preferences he is an ardent Dem- 
ocrat, and he enjoys the esteem and re- 
spect of a wide circle of friends. 

of the well-to-do farmers of Green 
Creek township, Sandusky coun- 
ty, and a citizen of high type, 
who is interested in all affairs of public 
moment, is by birth a Marylander. He 
was born in Frederick county, that State, 
October 29, 1830, and is the son of 
George and Rosanna (Barrack) Zimmer- 

Hisfather wasof the old Pennsylvania- 
German stock, and was born in the 
"Keystone" State. He was by trade a 
shoemaker, and also engaged extensively 
in farming. He was a man of thrifty 
habits, and by industry accumulated a 
competence. He died in Frederick county 
at the age of sixty-four years. In relig- 
ious belief he was a Lutheran; while his 
wife was a member of the German Re- 
formed Church. The family of George 
and Rosanna Zimmerman consisted of 
eight children, as follows: William; Mary, 
now Mrs. Shank; Wesley (deceased); 
Minerva, wife of Oliver Lease; Barbara, 
wife of C. Myer; Theodore Jacob (de- 
ceasedj, all of the State of Maryland, 
and George A., subject of this sketch. 

George A. Zimmerman was reared in 
Maryland, attending the district schools 
and assisting on his father's farm. In the 
spring of 1857, at the age of twenty-sev- 
en years, he came to Tiffin, Ohio, and in 
the autumn of the same year he moved to 
Sandusky county. On the i 3th of Sep- 
tember, i860, he was married to Miss 
Mary Ira, a native of Germany. The 
union of George and Mary Zimmerman 
has been blessed by the birth of four 
children, as follows: Francis (deceased) 
and Franklin (twins), born December 5, 
1 861; Rosanna, born January 2, 1864 
(died March 2, 1893), and George Wes- 
ley, born June 14, 1875. The son Frank- 
lin is a prominent minister of the Ohio 
Conference Methodist Episcopal Church, 
receiving his collegiate and theological 
education at Delaware, Ohio, and Bos- 
ton Theological Seminary. Rev. Zim- 
merman began his ministry in 1889, and 
was married to Miss Mary Grove, of Find- 
lay, Ohio. Four children have been born 
to them, namely: Ruth, Paul, Helen and 
Kenneth. The younger son, George, is 
now engaged in tilling his father's farm, 
and promises to soon be one of the suc- 
cessful agriculturists of Sandusky county. 

Mr. Zimmerman is a prominent and 
consistent member of the Green Spring 
M. E. Church, being a liberal contributor 
to all the Christian charities, and prac- 
ticing in his dail}' walk all he professes. 
Mrs. Zimmerman is no less known for 
her many virtues, being a life member of 
of the Women's Foreign Missionary So- 
ciety of the M. E. Church, and a cheer- 
ful laborer in all Church work. 

ed. If character counts for aught, 
the subject of this sketch was a 
wealthy man. His neighbors 
learned by experience, if they did not ac- 
quire the knowledge by intuition, that the 
word of Mr. Kernahan was worth its face 
value any time, that he never made a 




promise without fulfilling it, unless cir- 
cumstances, impossible to control, arose 
to prevent. This regard for his word, 
however, was not a hobby with Mr. Ker- 
nahan, nor was it the absorbing quality of 
his mind; it was only an index to the 
moral and mental soundness of the man. 

He came of Scotch-Irish stock, and 
was born in Livingston county, N. Y. , 
July 19, 1836, son of Alexander and Han- 
nah (Clapp) Kernahan. Alexander Ker- 
nahan was born in Ireland about 1800, 
and when a young man emigrated to 
America, settling first in Onondaga county, 
N. Y. , v^here he worked for eight dollars 
per month, and subsequently moving to 
Livingston county, N. Y., whence, in 1854, 
he came to Sandusky county, Ohio, where 
he bought land and spent the remainder of 
his years, dying in 1876. In politics he 
was a Republican, and in religious belief 
a Presbyterian. Strict in his habits, he 
was universally esteemed. Hannah 
(Clapp) was a native of England, and 
died in Sandusky county. The children 
of Alexander and Hannah Kernahan were 
five in number, three of whom — Ambrose, 
James and Eliza — grew to maturity. 

Ambrose Kernahan was reared to 
farming on his father's land in Green 
Creek township. He was a strong Union 
man during the Civil war, and was a 
member of the One Hundred and Sixty- 
ninth O. V. I., which in 1864 was called 
out in the one-hundred-days' service, and 
did guard duty at Fort Ethan Allen and 
Washington when Gen. Jubal A. Early 
was making a demonstration against the 
capital city of the nation. After the war 
he settled on the farm, and in 1870 he 
married Miss Elizabeth McKinney, who 
was born in New York, July 29, 1840. 
Mr. and Mrs. Kernahan had no chil- 
dren. Mr. Kernahan was a prominent 
member of Eaton Post No. 55, G. A. R. , 
of Clyde. He was engaged in general 
farming, and was progressive and thor- 
ough in his methods, being recognized as 
one of the best farmers in Green Creek 

township. He was a keen observer, not- 
ing with intelligent care the magnitude of 
the changes which occurred in doing 
business since his boyhood days, a half 
century ago. He was popular in the 
community wherein he had so long had 
his home, and when he was called from 
earth, on January 15, 1895, his fellow 
citizens mourned the departure of a 
much beloved and deservedly esteemed 

HOMER BRUBAKER, a success- 
ful farmer and a prominent and 
popular citizen of Madison town- 
ship, Sandusky county, was born 
February 9, 1838, and is a son of John 
and Esther Brubaker. 

John Brubaker was born in Bedford 
county, Penn., in the year 1801, and 
married Esther Miller, who was born 
in Pennsylvania in 181 1. Her father's 
name was John Miller. Mr. Brubaker 
came to Ohio in 1830, and located on an 
eighty-acre tract of timber land, where 
he afterward lived. He died there in 
1848, and his wife, surviving him, died in 
1889. They had ten children, namely: 
Jacob, married Susan Mills, a farmer in 
Indiana, and they have had nine chil- 
dren; Elida died at the age of twenty- 
one; Elizabeth married John Kelly, a 
farmer in Illinois; Susan married William 
Scott, they had nine children, and both 
parents are now dead; Mary was twice 
married, first time to Lee Mills, and they 
had four children; after the death of 
Mr. Mills she married Daniel Smith, and 
they live in Waterloo, Ind. ; Michael mar- 
ried Susan Miller, and they had six chil- 
dren; he died in 1864. Henry was twice 
married; first time to Elizabeth Kline, 
by whom he had two children, both of 
whom died young ; his second wife 
was Mary Sturtevant, and they had 
three children, one of whom died 
young; Henry died in 1870, and the 
widow and her two children went west, 



where she married again. Mahelia died 
young. John, now a farmer, married 
Delia Garn; they have had seven chil- 
dren, and they now live in Jackson town- 
ship, Sandusky county; and Homer is 
the subject of this sketch. 

During his earlier years Homer Bru- 
baker lived at home, and worked out at 
times until he married. On October 23, 
1858, he was united in marriage with 
Margaret Ickes, who was born February 
9, 1840, and they have had the follow- 
ing named children: Alfred, now an oil 
speculator and farmer, born March i , 
1862; Ida, born February 22, 1864, mar- 
ried Albert Klotz, and they have had two 
children, and live in Washington town- 
ship, Sandusky county; Gary, born March 
II, 1869, died December 25, 1879; 
Laura, born July 20, 1875, married John 
Allison, of Oil Gity, Penn. ; Stella was 
born September 24, 1877; Lester and 
Lesta (twins) were born January 4, 1881, 
and Lesta died February 16, 1881. 

Mrs. Brubaker's father, George Ickes, 
was born August 7, 1800, and died in 
1890. Her mother, whose maiden name 
was Margaret Croyle, was born February 
20, 1803, and died April 18, 1867. They 
had thirteen children, two of whom died 
young. The others are: Henry married 
Susan Stainer, and they had eight chil- 
dren. Adam married Mary Gampbell, 
and they live in Indiana. Catherine mar- 
ried Ed Burkett, of Washington town- 
ship, and they have had twelve children. 
Thomas married Margaret Long, and 
they have had four children; they live in 
Scott township, Sandusky county. Bar- 
bara married John Valentine, and they 
have had two children; they live in Madi- 
son township. Susan died young. Sarah 
married David Miller, a farmer in Wash- 
ington township, and they have had si.x 
children. Michael married Ellen Russell, 
and they have had two children; they 
live in Nebraska. Margaret is Mrs. 
Homer Brubaker. Sophia married John 
Rosenburg, who died, and she afterward 

married Jacob Clapper, and they have 
had four children; they live in Madison 
township. George married Mary Garn, 
and they have had one child; they live in 
Grand Rapids, Mich. George Ickes (Sr.) 
came to Ohio in the fall of 1832 and en- 
tered eighty acres of land in Madison 
township, on which he built a log cabin, 
wherein he lived. He was one of fifteen 
who attended the first election in Madison 
township, which was held in an old 
blacksmith shop owned by Jacob Garn. 
He did a great deal in making roads and 
settling up Madison township, and was 
well known far and near. At that time 
the nearest gristmill was at Fremont, 
Sandusky county, and it took them sev- 
eral days to make the trip. 

About the time of his marriage Homer 
Brubaker rented 120 acres of land, on 
which he lived one year, then bought 
thirty-seven acres where Gibsonburg now 
stands, which cost him si.\ hundred dol- 
lars. He lived on this land seven years, 
then sold it and bought ninety-five acres, 
and later twenty-five, after which he 
moved upon this property and has lived 
here ever since. He also has 120 acres 
in Madison township, Sandusky county, ' 
known as the George Ickes property. He 
deals in horses and cattle. His land is 
situated in the oil belt, and has been 
leased to the Standard Oil Company. Mr. 
Brubaker, as is also his wife, is a mem- 
ber of the Evangelical Church at Gibson- 
burg. He is a Democrat, has several 
times held different offices such as those 
of school director and supervisor, and is 
well liked in the community. 

JOHN SNYDER, who is successfully 
engaged in agricultural pursuits in 
Sandusky county, his home being in 
Washington township, is numbered 
among the native sons of that county, 
where he was born May 25, 1846. His par- 
ents were James and Elizabeth (Fought) 



His father was born in Berkeley' 
county, Virginia, December 15, 1800. He 
was in his early life one of the hardy and 
exemplary young men who sought early a 
a home in the wilds of the Western coun- 
try, which was then principally inhabited 
by wild animals, savage beasts and veno- 
mous reptiles. His father was a mill- 
wright; also the owner of a large grist- 
mill, and his vigorous and reliable son 
James was the miller. This was his prin- 
cipal occupation until he arrived at the 
age of twenty-three years. Having never 
attended school, except about two months, 
in all his life, he had at that time a very 
limited knowledge of books, and nearly 
everything else save what his father as a 
millwright had taught him. The thrilling 
stories of Western hunters and adventur- 
ers, which he had frequently heard, had in- 
spired within him a desire to emigrate west- 
ward, and to obtain for himself a satisfac- 
tory knowledge as to the truth of these 
statements. The necessary arrangements 
were soon made, and in the spring of 
1825 he bade adieu to the home of his 
childhood with all its endearments, and 
came, in company with his brother-in- 
law, Andrew Miller, in a two-horse wagon 
to the central part of Ohio, where he 
spent about two years in different parts 
of the State working at times for a shill- 
ing a day. He then concluded to return 
home and visit his father's family and 
friends. With but a few dollars jingling 
in his pockets, and with no friend to ac- 
company him save his rifle, he set out on 
foot for his father's home in 'Virginia. 
There was a long and dreary road stretch- 
ed out before him; but his determination, 
supported by his physical strength, was 
more than equal to the task. He accom- 
plished his journey in safety, subsisting 
principally upon what game he killed 
along the way. 

He remained at home a few months, 
and again set out on foot, and came to 
Perry county, Ohio, where he soon after 
married Elizabeth, a daughter of Michael 

Fought, with whom he lived peaceably 
and happily from that time until his death, 
which occurred July 20, 1876. He came 
to this county in 1830, and in Washington 
township entered eighty acres of govern- 
ment land, upon which he built what he 
called a snug little log cabin. He was 
now surrounded on all sides by large for- 
ests, extending for many miles in every 
direction. The tall and stately trees pre- 
vented even the sun from shining down 
upon the little log cabin which he had 
built. The hungry wolves and other wild 
animals would come at night and howl 
and bark around his door, as though they 
craved him for their prey. It was not 
long, however, until he had cleared away 
a spot of ground upon which to raise 
some corn, which was the only grain that 
he could raise for a number of years. 
Thus he obtained for himself and family 
a scant living, for a few years subsisting 
chieily upon cornbread and wild game. 
His neighbors were few and far away, and, 
being as poor as he, could therefore give 
him but little or no assistance. He 
would frequently carry a bushel of corn 
to mill all the way to Lower Sandusky 
(now Fremont), eight miles through the 
mud and water, and return the same day, 
and then take mush and milk for his 
supper. He was firm and determined in 
everything he undertook. Patience, per- 
severance and hard labor procured for 
him and his companion a comfortable and 
pleasant home which has been their en- 
joyment for a number of years. His 
companion died September 17, 1881, aged 
seventy-two years, six months, and six- 
teen days, a grand and heroic woman, no 
work being too laborious for her to do for 
the comfort of her family. There were 
eleven children in the family: Eliza Ann, 
wife of Philip Kluts, a Jackson township 
farmer; she was the eldest of the family 
of children, was born in Perry county, 
and died in Sandusky county May 12, 
1890, aged sixty years, three months, 
five days; she was a faithful member of the 



United Brethren Church; her hope was 
very bright, and she requested her friends 
to meet her in heaven. Sarah, wife of 
Joel Dershem, a farmer, was born January 
5, 1832, and died January 25, 1895; she 
was a faithful member of the Methodist 
Churcli, and her prayer was turned to 
praise before her spirit took its flight. 
Jacob Snyder, the oldest of the boys, a 
a highly respected citizen, in religious be- 
lief belongs to, the Reformed Church. 
William Snyder died when about a year 
old. James Snyder died in January, 1862. 
Levi Snyder, a farmer in Sandusky coun- 
ty, is in Church belief a Methodist. Sam- 
uelSnyder is living in Fremont, a respected 
citizen. Noah Snyder, by occupation a 
restaurant man, lives in Fremont. John 
Snyder, the seventh son, is the subject 
proper of these lines, and will be more 
fully referred to presently. Elizabeth be- 
came the wife of Jackson King, a Sandusky 
county farmer, who died, and afterward 
she was the wife of Samuel Lay, living in 
Fremont. Emma, the youngest, is the 
wife of James Seagraves, a farmer living 
in Michigan. The children are worthy 
representatives of that class which consti- 
tutes America's best citizens, and they 
owe it all to the training they received 
under the parental roof. 

John Snyder can distinctly remember 
when he could sit in his father's half- 
bushel measure, twelve inches in diameter, 
very comfortabl) , and as soon as he was 
able to carry a hoe he went into the corn- 
field, and has ever since been accustomed 
to hard work. On October 2, 1873, he 
was joined in wedlock with Miss Mahala 
Cookson, a daughter of one of the lead- 
ing farmers of Sandusky county, and they 
have one child, Mabel, born September 
25, 1884. Mr. and Mrs. Snyder are 
widely known throughout the community, 
and have a wide circle of friends and ac- 
quaintances who esteem them highly for 
their sterling worth. Mr. Snyder is a 
warm advocate of temperance principles, 
while in religious belief he is a Methodist. 

THEODORE BROWN, one of the 
progressive and highly-respected 
citizens of Clyde, Sandusky coun- 
ty, is a native of Ohio, born near 
Republic, Seneca county, December 8, 
1844, a son of Elijah and Catherine 
(Sherrick) Brown. 

The birth of the father occurred near 
Frederick City, Md. , May 31, 1806, and 
his father, who was a native of England, 
and in this country kept a hotel, died 
when his son was quite young. In 1828 
the latter emigrated to Perry county, 
Ohio, where he married Miss Sherrick, 
and to them were born seven children: 
Henry, born in 1837, was a telegraph 
operator of Baton Rouge, La. , where he 
died of yellow fever in 1856; William, 
born in 1838, is a telegraph operator of 
Brainerd, Minn. ; Eliza Jane, born in 
1 840, married Edward Crockett, and 
lives near Green Springs, Seneca Co., 
Ohio; Mary, born in 1842, died at the 
age of two years; Theodore is the next in 
order of birth; Ann, born in 1848, mar- 
ried Wesley Miller, and resides on the old 
homestead in Seneca county; and Sam- 
uel, born in 1851, is married and lives at 
Ottawa, Kans. In 1841 the father located 
in Scipio township, Seneca Co., Ohio, 
three miles northwest of Republic, where 
he entered a tract of land from the gov- 
ernment, which he cleared and developed, 
and on that place made his home until his 
death January 9, 1885. He identified 
himself with the cause of Christ in early 
life, uniting with the Methodist Episcopal 
Church. Politically, he first supported 
the Whig party, but later became a Dem- 
ocrat. His wife, who was born in Perry 
county, Ohio, in 181 1, is still living, mak- 
ing her home with her children, and she 
also is a consistent member of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church. 

On the old farm near Republic, Theo- 
dore Brown was reared to manhood, at- 
tending the district schools, and assisted 
in the management of the home place 
until reaching the age of twenty-four 



years, with the exception of one year, 
which was spent as fireman on a railroad. 
He now began operating his father's farm 
on his own account, and there remained 
until 1885, when he located on a farm at 
Lakeside, Ottawa Co., Ohio, which he 
carried on for three years, when he again 
removed to Republic, thence to Lakeside 
where he lived nine months, thence to 
Green Creek township, Sandusky county, 
arriving here in 1886. Here he purchased 
118 acres of fine land. 

On September 2, 1868, Mr. Brown 
and Miss Nellie Hogg were married, the 
ceremony being performed by Rev. Ed- 
ward Jewett, of Sandusky, Ohio, one of 
the oldest ministers of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church. He has also baptized 
the two children of Mr. and Mrs. Brown 
— Robert H., who was born August 5, 
1872, and Thomas W., who was born May 
22, 1874, and on February 14, 1894, was 
married to Ida Smith; they now make 
their home with our subject. Mrs. Brown 
was born in Paterson. N. J., October 25, 
1837; but her childhood was passed in 
Sandusky county, where she received an 
e.xcellent education in the public and high 
schools, and at the age of fifteen years 
she began teaching, which occupation she 
followed in this locality and at Put-in- 
Bay Island until she was married. 

Mrs. Brown is a daughter of Thomas 
and Jeannette (Lachlison) Hogg. Her 
mother was born in Preston, England, 
November 11, 18 ii, and in her maiden- 
hood came to America. In 1836, at Pat- 
erson, N. J., she wedded Mr. Hogg, and 
by her marriage became the mother of 
three children — Nellie, now Mrs. Brown; 
Robert, an engineer on the Lakeside & 
Marblehead Short Line railroad, and Isa- 
bel, living near Lakeside, Ottawa Co., 
Ohio. The mother died at Sandusky, 
Ohio, in 1 844. The father was also a na- 
tive of Preston, England, born March 16, 
1808. He learned the trade of a ma- 
chinist, and, after coming to America, 
worked for a number of years in the Rogers 

Locomotive Works at Paterson, N. J. 
When the Mad River & Lake Erie rail- 
road was built, Mr. Hogg was sent west 
in charge of a locomotive for that com- 
pany, the first one purchased by it, and 
the pioneer railroad locomotive west of 
the Alleghany mountains. This was in 
1837, and he made the trip over the Hud- 
son river, Erie canal and Lake Erie, land- 
ing at Sandusky, Ohio. After getting this 
engine, "Sandusky" by name, up and in 
operation, he was induced to remain as 
its engineer; and later he was made mas- 
ter mechanic on that road. After the 
death of his first wife, Mr. Hogg wedded 
Mary Driver, a native of Montreal, Can- 
ada, and by this union four children were 
born — Stella, Alice and Nettie (twins), 
and Thomas. The mother is still living 
and resides near Lakeside, Ohio. For 
many years Mr. Hogg followed railroad- 
ing, but in 1867 he retired to his farm in 
Danbury, Ottawa Co., Ohio, where his 
death occurred April 21, 1881. He was 
a man of unusual physical and mental 
vigor; of strong will and honest purpose, 
and made his mark wherever he went. 

Theodore Brown, the subject proper 
of this sketch, attended the lectures given 
by Miss Frances E. Willard at Lakeside, 
Ohio, and by her was converted, becom- 
ing a strong Prohibitionist. He voted that 
ticket when only two others were cast in 
Green Creek township, Sandusky county. 
He and his wife are earnest members of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church. They 
enjoy the friendship of a large circle of ac- 
quaintances, and are numbered among 
the prominent and influential citizens of 
Sandusky county. 

ORSON HIGLEY, a successful 
farmer and one of the oldest 
residents of Townsend township, 
Sandusky county, is a son of 
Hezekiah and Jerusha (Clock) Higley, and 
was born in Cayuga county, N. Y., June 
24, 1827. 



Hezekiah Higley was born of English- 
Scotch ancestry in New York State in 
1794. He enhsted in the American army, 
served during the war of 181 2, and was 
honorably discharged. In 1824 he was 
united in marriage with Jerusha Heath, 
who was born in New York State in 1797, 
and they had the following children: 
Anson, who died at Hudson, Mich. ; Orson, 
the subject of this sketch; William, of 
Seneca county; George, who was a mem- 
ber of the Seventy-second O. V. I., and 
died in hospital; Laura, Mrs. Cyrus Dan- 
iels, who died in Riley township, Septem- 
ber, 1S94; Sophia, Mrs. David Fuller 
(deceased); and Sophronis, who died at 
home in June, 1861. In 1829 Mr. Hig- 
ley moved to Erie county, Ohio, and five 
years later to the then unbroken wilder- 
ness of Riley township, in this county. 
The only means for finding one's way was 
to follow trails or "blazed" trees, as no 
roads had been marked out in the entire 
township. Mr. Higley bought and cleared 
forty acres which a few years after he 
traded for eighty acres of land in Town- 
send township, where he made his home 
during the remainder of his life. Shortly 
before his death the government began to 
substantially reward him for his services 
in the war of 18 12, by granting him a 
pension. He died January 19, 1886; Mrs. 
Higley preceding him, having passed away 
in 1880. 

When Orson Higley was but two years 
old his parents came to Ohio, where the 
meager education which was granted him 
was obtained. He remained at home 
helping his father until 185 i, and on June 
15, of that year, was united in marriage 
with Miss Permelia A. Twiss, who was 
born December 21, 1831, in Wayne 
county, N. Y. , and they had one child, 
a daughter, Lydia L. , born June 24, i860. 
Mrs. Higley's parents, Clark and Polly 
(Tylerj Twiss, came to Huron county, 
Ohio, in 1844. After a few years they 
went to Riley township, from there com- 
ing to Townscnd township, where Mrs. 

Twiss died. Mr. Twiss died in Michigan 
while visiting his daughter Lovina, wife of 
Sullivan Davenport; she died March 16, 
1883. Shortly after his marriage Mr. 
Higley bought forty acres of land from 
his father, and, when his brother went to 
the army, purchased the remainder of the 
farm. He cared for his father nineteen 
years prior to his death. Mr. Higley has 
had the privilege of seeing the virgin for- 
est give way to well-tilled fields and pretty 
meadows, which are monuments to the 
industry and energy of the pioneers. In 
politics Mr. Higley has been a Republican 
since the organization of the party. 

Lydia L. Higley, who was an only 
child, was married December 25, 1878, 
to Jerome Bixby, of Castalia, Erie Co., 
Ohio, and they have had one child. Pearl 
J., born March 25, 1885. Mr. Bixby 
was formerly a general merchant at Cas- 
talia, but is now an insurance agent. For 
nine years Mr. Higley was interested with 
Mr. Bixby in the store; but city life was 
not congenial to a man of Mr. Higley's 
temperament, and he returned to the 

SAMUEL F. JONES, a prosperous 
and influential farmer of Green 
Creek township, Sandusky county, 
was born in Wayne county, Ohio, 
October 9, 1825, son of Nicholas and 
Elizabeth (Pierce) Jones. 

Nicholas Jones was a native of West 
Liberty, Penn., and his father, Samuel 
Jones, was born in Edinburgh, Scotland. 
Nicholas was reared in Pennsylvania, and 
when a young man migrated to Wayne 
county, Ohio, where he married Elizabeth 
Pierce (a first cousin to President Pierce), 
and lived for some years. About 1835 he 
moved to Thompson township, Seneca 
county, and had his home there for many 
years. He died .near South Bend, Ind., 
about 1868, at the age of seventy-five 
years, and was buried there; his wife 
lived to the age of eighty-two years. 



Nicholas Jones was a man of about 
medium weight — 135 pounds. In relgi- 
ious belief he was a Universalist, and in 
politics a Whig and a Republican. His 
ten children were as follows: Emeline, 
who married Joseph Highland, and died 
in Indiana, aged fifty years; Uriah, who 
died near South Bend, Ind., aged seventy- 
one years; John, who now lives near 
South Bend, Ind. ; Elizabeth, who died 
aged thirty-two years, wife of David Clay; 
Samuel F., subject of this sketch; Lu- 
cretia, widow of Sylvanus Wright, of 
Fremont; Johanna, wife of C. Rector, of 
Norwalk; Mary, wife of James Shoup, of 
Clyde; Margaret, wife of Daniel White- 
man, living in Indiana; Silas, a resident 
of Illinois. 

At about the age of sixteen years 
Samuel 1^. Jones left the home farm in 
Seneca county and came to Sandusky, 
where for ten years he engaged in farm- 
ing. He then began railroading at San- 
dusky City, and for ten years ran an ex- 
press train engine on the Baltimore & 
Ohio road (then the old Sandusky, Mans- 
field & Newark railroad). From the loco- 
motive Mr. Jones stepped down to the 
farm in Green Creek township, which he 
has ever since operated. On October 30, 
1854, he was married to Miss Ellen M. 
Almond, who was born in -.New Jersey 
August 3, 1832, daughter of Thomas and 
Mary (Lachlison) Almond. To Mr. and 
Mrs. Jones four children have come, as 
follows: Alice, born in May, i860, wife 
of W. B. Lay; Lawrence, senior member 
of the Cutlery Works Co., who married 
Miss Jessie Russell, a cousin of Gen. Mc- 
Pherson, and has three children — Lamar, 
Margaret and Maurine; Nellie, at home; 
and Robert, engaged in the cutlery busi- 
ness at Clyde, who on October 18, 1894, 
wedded Miss lone Smith, and has one 
child — Dorothy. Mr. Jones has ninety- 
eight and one-half acres of fertile, well- 
improved and very productive land, well 
tilled and laid out in fine fruits, and is 
engaged in general farming and fruit- 

growing, raising wheat, oats, potatoes, 
etc. ; and all the buildings and improve- 
ments that now are upon the place were 
put there by his own hands. In politics 
Mr. Jones is a Republican, and while not 
a church member he inclines toward the 
Universalist belief; Mrs. Jones is a mem- 
ber of the Episcopal Church. He has by 
his good judgment and business ability, 
aided by natural industry, accumulated a 
comfortable competence, and is one of 
the most prosperous citizens of his town- 

SAMUEL SPROUT is numbered 
among the native sons of Sandusky 
county, and has not only witnessed 
the growth and development of 
this region, but has also borne an active 
part in the work of progress and upbuild- 
ing, and well deserves mention among the 
honored pioneers. 

Mr. Sprout was born in Scott town- 
ship, October i, 1840, on the farm 
which he now owns, and which has al- 
ways been his place of residence. His 
parents, Samuel and Nancy (Long) 
Sprout, cast in their lot among the early 
settlers of Sandusky county when it was 
largely an unbroken wilderness. The 
father was born in Pennsylvania, June 
15, 1807, removed to Guernsey county, 
Ohio, in 1825, and ten years later came 
to Sandusky county, where from the gov- 
ernment he entered a claim that has 
never passed from the possession of the 
family. His wife was born April 27, 
18 1 2, and died January 10, 1887, her 
husband surviving until April 21, 1890. 
Ten children graced their union: Mrs. 
Margaret Doll, John, Sarah Elizabeth, 
Samuel, Michael (born September 27, 
1842), Marion, Casaline, James (de- 
ceased), Mrs. Mary Jane Hayes, and Mrs. 
Nancy Hippie. The paternal grandfather 
of our subject was born in Ireland about 
1766, and died in Seneca county, Ohio, 
about 1856, surviving his wife several years. 



In her maidenhood she was Mary Hilter- 
brand, and was a native of Germany. 
The maternal grandfather, Daniel Long, 
was born in Sweden, and married Miss 
Brill, a native of Germany. In the war 
of iSi2 he served as a soldier, and he 
was numbered among the pioneers of 

In a manner not unlike that of other 
farmer boys, our subject spent his }'outh 
and bore his part in the development of 
the old home farm, working hard through 
summer months, while the winter afforded 
him an opportunity for education in the 
district schools, which he eagerly utilized. 
Thus he was employed until August, 
1862, when, at the age of twenty-two 
years, he joined his country's troops in 
defense of the Union, and was a member 
of Company K, One Hundred and First O. 
V. I. until the close of the war. He 
participated in a number of hotly-con- 
tested engagements, and at the battle of 
Stone River his clothing was pierced by 
no less than nine bullets, and his canteen 
completely shattered. He also partici- 
pated in the battles of Perryville, Liberty 
Gap and those of the Atlanta campaign, 
and followed Hood from Columbus to 
Franklin. He was also in the two-days' 
battle at Nashville, which resulted in vic- 
tory for the Union soldiers, and altogether 
was a very faithful, loyal citizen, one who 
gallantly followed the old flag until it was 
planted in the capital of the Southern 
Confederacy. At the close of the war 
Mr. Sprout returned to the farm where he 
now lives, and began operating 120 acres, 
which he purchased in 1883. His landed 
possessions now aggregate 170 acres, and 
all that he has has been acquired entirely 
through his own efforts. He certainly 
deserves great credit for his success in 
life, and his example should serve as a 
source of encouragement to others. 

On February 13, 1889, Mr. Sprout 
married Miriam Kuhn, of Fremont, Ohio, 
who was Ijorn in Allen county, Ohio, 
March 11, 1854. Her parents, John and 

Mary (Miller) Kuhn, were pioneers of 
Sandusky county, as was also her grand- 
father, Adam Kuhn, who was born about 
1800, and died at the advanced age of 
eighty-two. Of his family of nine chil- 
dren, six are yet living. The maternal 
grandmother, Maria Myers, was born 
about 1796, and departed this life in 1866, 
having for many years survived her hus- 
band. The parents of Mrs. Sprout were 
both born in 1823, and are still living. 
Their family circle numbered ten children: 
Maria, wife of John Myers, of Wood 
county, Ohio; Harriet, who became the 
wife of George Gephart, and died about 
18S2; Charlotte, at home; Mrs. Sprout; 
Paul Luther and Isaac N., who are resi- 
dents of Wood county; Philip M. ; John 
W. ; Charles M. ; and Theodore Allen. 

Mr. and Mrs. Sprout are highly- 
esteemed people of Scott township, and 
their pleasant home is noted for its hospi- 
tality and good cheer. The farm is well 
developed, the fields being under a high 
state of cultivation, and the improve- 
ments in keeping with the accessories of 
a model farm of the nineteenth century. 

NB. MASON, who has been act- 
ively identified with both the busi- 
ness and agricultural interests of 
Sandusky county, is a native of 
New York State, born in Canandaigua 
April 9, 1839. 

Our subject's parents, John B. and 
Laura (Shaw) Mason, were natives of 
Massachusetts and Canandaigua, N. Y., 
respectively. In 1856 they came to San- 
dusky county, Ohio, but after a residence 
of two years here migrated still farther 
west, to Wisconsin, where they made a 
permanent home. The father died there 
in July, 1888; the mother, while on a 
visit to her son in Clyde, in 1885, was 
suddenly taken ill and died. This worthy 
couple lived to celebrate their golden wed- 
ding. Their family were as follows: Van- 



Rensselaer, who was lost when only eight- 
een years of age while on a whaling voy- 
age to the South Pacific Ocean; Joseph, 
who died in 18S5 from disease contracted 
while in the service of his country (he 
was in the Thirtieth Wisconsin In- 
fantry); Eliza, wife of Martin Booth, of 
Plainfield, Wis. (he served in the Six- 
teenth Wisconsin Infantry); N. B., our 
subject; John Colby, who resides at Fre- 
mont, Ohio (he was in the Eighth O. V. 
I.); Mary, who wedded Bemis Culbert- 
son, who was a soldier in the Thirty-sec- 
ond Wisconsin Infantry, and who died 
short!}' after the war from disease con- 
tracted while in the service, and Brooks H. 
Mason (they now reside at Lake Mills, 
Wis.); and Fred E., who died at Ashland, 
Wis., when a young man. The father of 
this family was a soldier in the Mexican 
war. He was first a Methodist clergy- 
man, later becoming a minister of the 
Baptist Church. 

The school privileges enjoyed by N. 
B. Mason were those of the common 
schools, and he also attended Madison 
Academy for one and a half years. At the 
age of fourteen he engaged to carry the 
mails and passengers on the old stage 
coach between Ontario and Rochester, 
sometimes driving four horses, and some- 
times three abreast, conveying mail, ex- 
press and passengers. In 1856, atthe age 
of seventeen years, he came west with his 
parents to Sandusky county, locating near 
Clyde. On February 22, 1859, he was 
united in marriage with Elizabeth L. 
Carlton, daughter of Rev. Thomas J. 
Carlton, and to this union came children 
as follows: Nellie, wife of R. G. Tyler, 
of Greene, Iowa, who has one son and 
one daughter — Carl and Vira; Elizabeth, 
who died when six years of age; Nate H., 
a postal clerk between Cleveland and 
Chicago on the Lake Shore railroad (he 
wedded Allie White, and they have two 
sons — Howard and James); George A., 
who wedded Annie White, and has one 
daughter — NeUie; Maude, wife of O. C. 

Perrin, of Greene, Iowa; and May, at 

On October 12, 1861, Mr, Mason en- 
listed in Company A, Seventy-second O. 
V. I., and served until July 21, 1865, 
participating in all engagements in which 
his command took part until the time of 
his capture by the enemy, June 11, 1864; 
he was taken near Davis Mills, Miss., and 
conveyed to Andersonville, where he was 
kept until the following September, when 
he was transferred to Florence, S. C, 
and paroled at Wilmington, N. C, March 
I, 1865. During his service he was cap- 
tured three times, escaping twice, and he 
was in every* southern State but Texas. 
After the war he returned to Clyde. Since 
residing here he has followed various pur- 
suits, having been engaged in merchan- 
dising, publishing and farming. Mr. 
Mason is a member. of the U. V. U. and 
G. A. R. , was first post commander of 
McPherson Post, G. A. R. , in 1867, and 
was first captain of McPherson Guards, 
organized August 15, 1878. On March 
•7. ^^71)^ he organized the first hook and 
ladder company, of which he was made 
foreman. Socially he has been an active 
Odd Fellow for twenty-seven years, pass- 
ing all the Chairs in the Subordinate 
Lodge and all save one in the Encamp- 
ment. In politics, he is a radical Repub- 
lican; he is now serving as justice of the 
peace, and also as trustee of his township. 

While a prisoner of war at Florence, 
S. C, Mr. Mason was chosen by his com- 
rades chief of the Federal Police, a force 
of 270 men organized amongthe prisoners 
to keep good order in the prison, the ap- 
pointment being confirmed by Col. Iver- 
son, the prison commandant. He de- 
clares the sufferings of the prisoners there 
were even greater than at Andersonville. 
Most of them had been prisoners for 
many months, and were very destitute of 
clothing, many being almost naked and 
barefooted. About fourteen thousand 
persons were taken to Florence; about 
three thousand were paroled in October 



and November; the balance (except those 
who died) remained until the first of 
March, 1865. Their only shelter was 
holes dug in the ground, some of them 
roofed over with limbs and pine boughs 
covered with earth. Their food was one 
pint of corn-meal per day, and for ninety- 
three days no other was issued except two 
rations of salt, a table-spoonful to five 
men; two rations of sorghum molasses, 
one barrel to 11,000 men; two rations of 
rice, one pint to five men. Many ate 
their corn-meal raw, and what was cooked 
was mostly mush cooked in tin cups and 
tin cans. Mr. Mason says the most of 
his regiment (the Seventy-second Ohio In- 
fantry) were from Sandusky county. Of 
the 1,400 on the muster rolls about 380 
are yet living. His regiment lost heavily 
at Shiloh and at Vicksburg, and at Gun 
Town, or Brice's Cross Roads, the regi- 
ment lost eleven officers and 238 men. 
About 1 70 landed in Andersonville; seven- 
ty-eight (or over 45 per cent) died while 
prisoners of war; six were shot after being 
captured, and nine perished on the steam- 
er "Sultana," above Memphis, on April 
27, 1865. 

Mr. Mason asks: " Do the people of 
this country appreciate the sacrifice made 
by the Union prisoners of war } Do they 
realize that 34,000 men died in the prison 
pens of the South, as men were never 
called upon to die before V Men have 
died for home and country, and for prin- 
ciple upon the scaffold, the wheel and the 
rack, in the dungeon and upon the bat- 
tlefield; but never before did thousands 
of men refuse liberty with a dishonored 
name, and suffer on from hunger and ex- 
posure until they died gibbering idiots. 
And now even before one generation has 
passed these same men are almost for- 
gotten! They are remembered only in 
the homes made sad and desolate by their 
tragic death! Millions upon millions of 
money have been paid for "Piles of 
Granite" and "Heaps of Bronze" to 
commemorate the heroism of a few, while 

the graves of these martyrs are marked by 
gray marble tablets that cost two dollars 
and forty cents each; and more — thous- 
ands of these same markers are inscribed 
" Unknown." 

HENRY MOOK, farmer of York 
township, Sandusky county, was 
born in Union county, Penn., 
January 10, 18 14, son of John 
and Rosina (Sorrel) Mook, both of whom 
were natives of Pennsylvania. His grand- 
father was from Germany. 

John Mook, the father of our subject, 
died in the State of New York, whither 
he had removed from Pennsylvania, and 
he subsequently took up his home in 
Ohio. After living some years with his 
children in that State, he was taken back 
to New York State at the request of his 
son Samuel, a minister of the Evangel- 
ical Association, so that in his old age he 
might be cared for in his former home, 
and he died there in the eighty-fifth year 
of his age. He was the father of twenty- 
three children, and our subject is the 
youngest by the first wife, and the four- 
teenth child. The children of John Mook 
by his first wife were: Jacob, three that 
died in infancy, Samuel, Polly, Betsey, 
Anthony, Conrad, John, Catharine, Su- 
san, Daniel and Henry. Of this family, 
Henry Mook is at this writing (1894) the 
only surviving member. After the death 
of his first wife, John Mook married Polly 
Polkie, by whom he had nine children: 
Mary, Benjamin, Ambrose, Elias, Effie, 
Solomon, Sampson, Barbara, and one 
that died in childhood. 

The subject of our sketch went with 
his parents to the State of New York 
when he was about eleven years old, and 
lived with them at various places until the 
age of twenty-three. He then came to 
Ohio, spent one winter in Thompson 
township, Seneca county, and the next 
spring located in York township, San- 
dusky county, on land where he has since 



resided. Here he erected a log house and 
kept bachelor's hall for several years while 
engaged in clearing up a farm. In addi- 
tion to agricultural pursuits Mr. Mook 
spent the fall of eight seasons threshing 
grain for his neighbors with an old-fash- 
ioned eight-horse-power, open-cylinder 
machine, without separator, going as far 
south as Lodi, in Seneca county. He 
threshed in this way as many as 400 bush- 
els per day. He has been an active, ener- 
getic, hardworking, economical farmer, 
and has accumulated a nandsome prop- 
erty for his children; a substantial brick 
house and a convenient bank barn adorn 
his farm. In religious connection he and 
his family are members of the Evangelical 
Association. He contributed liberally for 
the erection of a church building not far 
from his residence. He has reached the 
age of four score years with a vigor of body 
and mind which enables him to see and 
appreciate the wonderful changes going 
on in the world about him, and especially 
the great improvements in the method of 

In 1837 Henry Mook married Miss 
Catharine Boyer, who was born in Penn- 
sylvania, June 26, 18 14, and died in York 
township, August 17, 1890. Their chil- 
dren were: Sarah, born October 4, 1841; 
Christina, born August 7, 1844, died June 
23, 1866; James Milton, born July 20, 
1847, and Lovina, born April 30, 1852. 
Christina Mook married Michael Filsinger 
December 22, 1864, and they have one 
son, John, who is married and has two 
children — Pearl and Morris; after the 
death of his first wife, Christina, Mr. 
Filsinger married her sister Sarah, by 
whom he had four children — Emma, Ver- 
nie, Martin and Charles. Emma married 
Daniel Swartz, and they have one child — 
Lulu. James M. Mook married, in 1870, 
Miss Mary Gahn, who was born in the 
Black Swamp, west of Fremont, Ohio, a 
daughter of Rev. Conrad Gahn, and was 
educated in the Cincinnati schools; their 
children are — Charles, Granville, Myrtle 

and Lovina; James M. Mook is at present 

manager of his father's farm, and is taking 
care of his father in his declining years. 
He is a Republican in politics, a member 
of the Evangelical Association, and of the 
Farmers' Alliance. Lovina Mook, daugh- 
ter of Henry Mook, married Martin Rich- 
ards, and they live on one of Mr. Mook's 
farms, east of the homestead; they had 
one child that died; she is a member of 
the Evangelical Association. 

born August 31, 1842, in Austria, 
Europe. His father, Martin Schnei- 
der, was born November 1 1, 1806, 
in Austria, and married Anna Maria Flatz. 
They came to America in 1859, landing 
in New York, where they remained for a 
short time, after which they continued 
their journey to Ohio, locating in Jackson 
township, Sandusky county. The mother 
died shortly after their arrival. In that 
family were seven children: Frank, who 
was born in 1831, and died September i, 
1887; John G., born in 1836, and mar- 
ried Mary Reineck; Regina, born in 1834, 
and became the wife of Casper Haltmeier; 
Martin, born in 1844, and now living in 
California; Johanna became the wife of 
Ferdinand Fischer, by whom she has one 
son, named Frank, born in 1874; Mary 
became the wife of Peter Spieldenner, 
and they have two children: Fredolina, 
now the wife of John Reineck, and a son 
named Adolph. 

Leonhard Schneider, our subject, spent 
the days of his boyhood and youth in the 
land of his birth, was reared in his par- 
ents' home and obtained his education in 
the public schools of the neighborhood. 
When the family sailed for America he 
bade adieu to friends and native land, and 
came with them on the long voyage across 
the Atlantic, which took them thirty days. 
He has since been a resident of Ohio, and 
to-day is numbered among the leading and 
influential farmers of Rice township, San- 



dusky count}-. Having arrived at years 
of maturity he chose, as a companion and 
helpmate on Hfe's journey, Miss Rosa Bin- 
sack, and their home has been blessed 
by the presence of five children: Anna, 
the eldest, is now the wife of Albert Darr, 
a resident farmer of Rice township, San- 
dusky county, and they have three chil- 
dren; the other members of the family — 
Ida, Rudolph, Edward and Arnold — are 
still under the parental roof. 

In 1861 the father of our subject pur- 
chased seventy-three acres of land in Rice 
township — the place upon which Leon- 
hard now resides — paying for the same at 
the rate of seven dollars per acre. Eight 
years later, in 1879, he sold the place to 
his second youngest son, Leonhard, for 
$2,000. It is a good property, highly 
cultivated and improved, and the neat 
and thrifty appearance of the place indi- 
cates the careful supervision of the owner. 
In 1887 he built a new barn, and in 1892 
he erected the new house, at a cost of 
$3,000. In connection with general farm- 
ing he successfully engaged in stock deal- 
ing, raising cattle, horses and hogs. He 
successfully manages his business inter- 
ests, and his energy and industry have 
brought to him a comfortable competence, 
which numbers him among the representa- 
tive farmers of the neighborhood. In 
politics he is a Democrat, and in religious 
belief he is a Catholic. 

GEORGE W. KING, a well-to-do 
farmer of Ballville township, San- 
dusky county, was born in Pick- 
away county, Ohio, March 20, 

His father, John King, was born 
March 2, 181 9, in Fairfield county, Ohio, 
and married Miss Mary Mowry. Their 
children were: (i) Catharine, wife of Val- 
entine Moshier; she died at the age of 
twenty-one years, leaving one son, John, 
living in Allen county, Ohio. (2j Mary 
is the wife of Valentine Mushier, a fann- 

er, residing in Allen county, Ohio. (3) 
Elizabeth is the wife of David Roberts, 
of Scott township; she died at the age of 
forty-four years, and is buried in Oak- 
wood Cemetery. (4) Lydia is the wife 
of William Reichelderfer, by whom she 
had four children — Hattie, George, Frank 
and Lettie — and after his death she mar- 
ried, in 1890, William Slates, a farmer 
of Tipton county, Ind. (5) George W. 
is our subject. (6) Sarah, born in 1851, 
in Pickaway county, is the wife of Jacob 
Mowery, a farmer of Michigan. (7) John, 
born 1854, married Miss Carrie Hunlock, 
and has one son, John Clarence. (8) 
Jacob, born November 20, 1856, is a 
farmer in Ballville township, married to 
Miss Fredie Crites, and has two chil- 
dren — Omer and De Witt. (9) Elmira, 
born in 1859, is the wife of John Searfoss, 
a farmer of Scott township, and has two 
children — Bessie and Stella. (10) Perry, 
a farmer of Scott township, born in 1861, 
married Sadie Hunlock, and has four 
children — Pearl, Iva, Hazel and Carrie. 

Our subject started out in life for him- 
self at the age of twenty-two with the 
health, pluck and perseverance which en- 
sures success. He worked three years 
in the oil fields of Warren county, 
Penn., then returned and worked at his 
trade as a carpenter until December 9, 
1875, when he married Miss Mary J. 
Ludwig, daughter of Jacob and Louisa 
(DeLong) Ludwig, farmers of Allen 
county, Ohio. He next farmed in Jack- 
son township one year, then five years in 
Allen county, and on his return to San- 
dusky county, bought eighty acres of 
Jacob Ludwig for $4,500. On January 
30, 1882, he moved upon the farm where 
he now lives, remained nine years, then 
located near Fremont, where he remained 
three years, finally moving back on the 
farm of i 33 acres, which cost him $10,000. 
Here he follows mi.xed farming, raising 
grain, grass, fruit and live stock, with 
good success. He is a man of enterprise 
and j)ublic spirit, and has held various 



public offices. The children of George 
W. and Mary King are: M. Louisa, born 
April 7, 1880; Ada M., September 19, 
1883; Charles L. , July 9, 1885; and Evan 
M., September 11, 1889. The brothers 
and sisters of Mrs. King are Isaac, John, 
Charles, Obed and Jacob. 


J. REINBOLT, a farmer and 
stockman of Jackson township, 
Sandusky county, was born Oc- 
tober 15, 1828, in Seneca coun- 
ty, Ohio. His father, Michael Reinbolt, 
was born in Germany, whence he emi- 
grated to America, where he married Miss 
Louisa Kechner, whom he first met on 
the steamer which brought them to the 
New World. 

He worked about two years as a com- 
mon day laborer, then five years for an 
Indian chief near Tiffin, Ohio, by the 
name of Spicer. During these years he 
saved enough to buy forty acres of gov- 
ernment land at $1.25 per acre, in Seneca 
county, Ohio. One year later he bought 
eighty acres more at the same rate. After 
a hfe of toil and self denial, he and his 
wife passed away, among the early pio- 
neers, and are buried in the cemetery at 
Tiffin, Ohio. Their children were: Joseph, 
born 1838, died June 4, 1862; George, 
who married Amelia Haldrom, and had a 
family of seven children; Catharine, who 
died at the age of thirty years; Charles, 
who married and has eight children, and 
lives on the old homestead; Daniel, who 
married Catharine Kiser, and has seven 
children; and Mary, wife of Nicholas 
Workman (both are deceased and are 
buried at Tiffin, Ohio)*. 

On leaving home our subject worked 
about four years among farmers as a day 
laborer, then rented a farm and remained 
on it twenty-thi'ee years. He then bought 
tracts at different times, amounting in all 
to 336 acres, valued at $100 per acre. He 
is a model farmer, and keeps pure Jersey 
cattle and fine-bred horses. Mr. Rein- 

bolt is a Republican, and he has held vari- 
ous offices of trust in his township. He 
is a consistent member of the Roman 
Catholic Church. On October 16, 1862, 
he married Miss Annie Fanning, born in 
New York City, and they have three chil- 
dren: James F. , born July 30, 1864, 
and married to Libbie Chariot, their 
children being: Michael J., Julia, and 
Irene; James A., who married Rosine 
Bower, and their children are: Carl M., 
Annie and Pauline; and Mary E., born 
September 11, 1872, was the wife of 
Peter Nape. 

JOHN GABEL, a successful farmer 
and substantial citizen of Rice town- 
ship, Sandusky county, was born 
May 28, 1853, and is a son of John 
M. and Mary (Wyce) Gabel, who were 
born in Germany in 181 2 and in 1822, 

John M. Gabel, father of the subject 
of this sketch, before his marriage worked 
for his father, Jacob Gabel, on the farm 
in Germany, and at the age of eighteen 
came with him to this country, settling in 
Buffalo, N. Y. He lived there about four 
years, then moved to Jackson township, 
Sandusky Co. , Ohio, where he bought 
forty acres of land; later purchased 190 
acres more, and there lived until about 
1873. He then moved to Fremont, San- 
dusky county, and resided there with his 
daughter until his death. He worked 
hard for all his money. When he first 
came to this country he was a good Dem- 
ocrat and a Catholic. John M. Gabel 
died in 1874, his wife preceding him to 
the grave in 1870. They were the par- 
ents of seven children, six of whom were 
as follows: (i) Jacob died at the age of 
six; (2) Katie at the age of five, and (3) 
Laney at the age of one year; (4) Magda- 
lena married Henry Hodes, who died in 
1887 (they lived in Fremont, and had 
three children — Celia, Henry and Joseph) ; 
(5) John M. married Mary Richards, who 



died in iS8o, after which he married Anna 
Miller, and they live in Fremont; (6) 
Elizabeth married Mr. Dolnick, by whom 
she had ten children — Michael, born 
April 28, 1870; Mary, born in 1871; 
Rosie; Elizabeth, who died at the age of 
three years; Allie, Celia, Edith, Urbin, 
Clara and Teresa; (7) John Gabel was 
united in marriage on June 29, 1873, in 
Jackson township, Sandusky county, with 
Celia Dorr (who was born January 6, 
1855), and lived there until 1880, when 
he sold out and moved to Rice township, 
in the same county, and bought fifty- 
three acres, paying one hundred dollars 
an acre for it. Their children were as 
follows: Edward, born August 10, 1876, 
and died January 9, 1879; Ida M. was 
born November 13, 1877; Allie C. , March 
4, 1879; Sylvester P., June 5, 1880; 
Horbert M., June 19, 18S1; Charles D., 
October 9, 1883; Julie L., May 20, 1884; 
Urbin, March 31, 1887; Cornelia C, 
born June 22, 1890, and died September 
28, 1893; and Corlette G., born Novem- 
ber 6, 1894. In 1874, when John Ga- 
bel's father died, he left him eighty acres 
of land in Jackson township, Sandusky 
county. Mr. Gabel is engaged in general 
farming. He is much respected, is well 
and favorably known in the community 
in which he lives, has been constable of 
Rice township for five years, school di- 
rector four years and supervisor seven 

JACOB G. METZGER, one of the 
intelligent, liberal-minded farmers 
of Green Creek township, Sandusky 
county, enjoys the possession of a 
competency, and he believes the state- 
ment made by Gen. Washington, that 
agriculture is the noblest vocation cf man. 
He lives in ease and comfort upon his 
well-tilled and weli-cared-for farm of 127 
acres, made profitable by his good busi- 
ness ability and his inherited aptitude for 
a farming life. 

Mr. Metzger was born in Adams town- 
ship, Seneca county, November 2, 1842, 
son of Samuel and Rebecca (Heltzel) 
Metzger. The great-great-grandfather of 
Mr. Metzger, who was a Revolutionary 
soldier under Gen. Washington, was the 
son of Archibald Metzger, twin brother 
of Gen. Theodore Metzger, an able of- 
ficer in the German army. The Rev- 
olutionary soldier was lost in the woods 
of Pennsylvania and probably starved to 
death. His remains were afterward found 
and identified by means of gun and cloth- 
ing. He had emigrated from Germany 
to America in Colonial times, and his son, 
the great-grandfather of Jacob, was the 
only child aboard the ship that escaped 
the fatal ravages of smallpox. The son 
of this fortunate child, Jacob Metzger by 
name, grandfather of the subject of this 
sketch, was born in Pennsylvania and ac- 
quired the trade of a shoemaker. He was 
a member of the United Brethren Church, 
and in the autumn of 181 3 migrated with 
his family from Union county, Penn., to 
Pickaway county, Ohio, settling on a farm 
near Circleville. 

Samuel Metzger, his son, was born in 
Union county, Penn., in April, 18 13, and 
was but six months old when he came to 
Pickaway county, Ohio. He grew up on 
the farm, and before he was of age he 
came to Adams township, Seneca county, 
where he entered a farm in the wilder- 
ness. Returning to Pickaway county, he 
married, in April, 1834, on his twenty-first 
birthday, Rebecca Heltzel, who was born 
in Shenandoah county, Va., in 18 12, the 
daughter of Henry Heltzel, an old-time 
schoolteacher, of German ancestry, and 
an early pioneer tif Pickaway county, 
Ohio, who afterward removed to Noble 
county, Ind., where he was elected county 
recorder and served as such for many 
years. After marriage Samuel and Re- 
becca Metzger moved to the new pioneer 
home in Adams township, Seneca county, 
where he proved in subsequent years to be 
one of its best farmers, and where he 



lived until 1 88 1 . He then moved to Green 
Creek township, Sandusky county, and 
lived near his son Jacob, until his wife's 
death, in 1890. He died April 11, 1893, 
at the home of his son. Samuel Metzger 
at the time of his death owned 205 acres 
of choice land, and owed not a dollar. 
He was careful in his business transactions 
and scrupulously honest. In politics he 
was a Democrat, and in religious faith a 
prominent member of the United Breth- 
ren Church. He was an ordained ex- 
horter in the Church, possessed a remark- 
able memory, and had almost the whole 
Bible at his tongue's end. He was de- 
votedly attached to the work of his 
Church, and was perhaps its chief sup- 
porter in Adams township. 

Five children were born to Samuel 
and Rebecca Metzger, as follows: (i) H. 
H., born in 1836, a farmer of Adams 
township, Seneca county, who married 
Rebecca Drinkwater and had five chil- 
dren — Alton (who died aged two and a 
half years); Ida J. ; James; Hulda F. , and 
Olive. (2) John C, of Adams township, 
Seneca county, who first married Sarah 
A. Miller, by whom he had three children, 
now living — Alwilda E., Gertrude and 
Samuel H. ; after his first wife's death he 
wedded Mrs. L. Berry, by whom he has 
one child — Julia C. (3) Sarah A. , mar- 
ried to C. W. King, of Noble county, 
Ind., and died leaving two children — 
Maud M. and Mildred G. , who now make 
their home with Jacob Metzger, our sub- 
ject. (4) Jacob is the subject of this 
sketch. (5) Lavina married Alfred Frontz, 
and has three children — Rebecca, Roy 
and Dora P. ; she lives on the old home 
farm in Adams township, Seneca county. 

Jacob Metzger grew to manhood on 
his father's farm, in Seneca county, and in 
1864, as a member of Company B, he 
served in the Washington campaign of the 
One Hundred and Sixty-fourth O. V. I. 
When mustered out in the fall of 1864 he 
joined a construction corps, which oper- 
ated through Kentucky, Tennessee, Ala- 

bama, Georgia and West Virginia. Six 
months later he returned home and was 
married, April 27, 1865, to Sarah Jane 
Shellhammer, who was born in Adams 
township, Seneca county, January 30, 
1845. Mr. and Mrs. Metzger have one 
child, Alva E., a well-educated and suc- 
cessful veterinary surgeon at Clyde. In 
politics Jacob Metzger is a Democrat. In 
manners he is genial and affable. He is 
remarkably well versed in public matters, 
and, while engaged in general farming, he 
takes a deep interest in all the affairs and 
conditions of mankind. No man stands 
higher in the esteem of his fellow men. 

cessful farmer, and one of the 
prominent citizens of Riley 
township, Sandusky county, was 
born May 28, 1831. He is a son of Syl- 
vester and Sarah (Lowrie) Woodford, 
both born in America, the former on Jan- 
uary I, 1786, the latter on January 17, 

They had a family of nine children, as 
follows: Zerah, born April 6, 181 2, mar- 
ried Sarah Karshner; they were engaged 
in farming in Riley township, and had a 
family of five children; Zerah died June 
27, 1872; Aurilla, born December 28, 
1 8 14, married Elijah Higbee, a farmer in 
Riley township, and they had one child; 
the wife and mother died January 30, 1886; 
Lois, born April 24, 181 7, became the 
wife of William Laird, and they had three 
children; the wife and mother died Jan- 
uary 30, 1846; Sylvester, born June 16, 
1 8 19, died October 28, 1836, at Shippens- 
burg, Penn. ; Martin, born August 24, 
1 82 1, married Mary Homer, who lives in 
Kansas, and he died February 5, 1884; 
Lorinda, born September 23, 1823, died 
in 1839; Luther, born December 27, 
1825, lives in Kansas; William is the sub- 
ject of this sketch, and Sidney, born July 
20, 1833, died January 21, 1839. Syl- 
vester Woodford (Sr. ) came to Ohio, 



settled in Trumbull county, and bought 
eighty acres of land, on which he lived 
until 1834, when he moved to Riley town- 
ship and here bought 160 acres of land, 
upon which he lived until his death, 
which occurred September 2, 1834, about 
three months after they had settled at 
their new home, and his wife, Sarah, 
passed away four days before him, viz. : 
August 29, 1834. He voted the Old-time 
Whig ticket, and was a member of the 
Presbyterian Church. 

After the death of his parents, William 
Woodford, being only a little more than 
three years old, was taken to Vienna 
township, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and was 
placed in the family of a relative, where 
he was reared and educated, working a 
part of each year on a farm to the age of 
eighteen, when he commenced teaching 
school. He followed this vocation one 
year in Ohio, taught one year more in 
Mercer county, Penn., then went to Iven- 
tucky, where he continued teaching school 
for eleven years. He is now engaged in 
general farming. In 1S61 he came to 
Riley township, where he married Rachel 
Gibbs, who was born October 15, 1832, 
and they have a family of five children, 
namely: William C, born April 28, 1862, 
and died August 27, 1862; Clara J., born 
September 13, 1863; Alva, born Septem- 
ber 9, 1866; Ada, born May 16, 1869; 
and Louis, born March 8, 1854, and mar- 
ried to Dora Lindsay, who died February 
12, 1888. 

Isaac Woodford, grandfather of Will- 
iam Woodford, married Sarah Fuller, of 
Burlington, and they had ten children — 
seven sons and three daughters, namely: 
Isaac, married Statira Cowles, by whom 
he had twelve children, ten of whom — 
four sons and six daughters — lived to 
marry, and two died in childhood; Darius 
married Bethiah Bass, and they had six 
children; Asaph married Alma Potter, and 
they had fourteen children; Sylvester, 
father of our subject, comes next; 
Komanty married Betsy Hart, and they 

had twelve children; Sidne}' -married 
Betsy Wheeler (no children); Zerah mar- 
ried Minerva Potter, and they had six 
children; Huldah married Nathaniel 
Clarke, and they had eight children; Cyn- 
thia married Theodore Humphreys, and 
was left a widow with five or six children 
(she afterward married Ely Alderman); 
Sarah married Chauncey Wheeler, and 
they had six children — two sons and four 
daughters. Of this large family of chil- 
dren, all, save one, were professing Chris- 

Our subject votes the Democrat ticket, 
and has been honored with public office, 
having been justice of the peace for 
twelve years, township clerk for six years, 
and school director and supervisor. 

RICHARD E. BETTS, a substantial 
farmer of Green Cieek township, 
Sandusky county, is more than a 
tiller of the soil or the owner of a 
productive and finely located farm; he is 
a student of the world's history, and by 
means of the leading newspapers from va- 
rious cities he is thoroughly informed upon 
the varying phases of current national af- 
fairs. He is distinctively a man of ideas. 
He wants first the facts of history. His 
clear and well-trained intellect can then 
make proper deduction from these facts, 
and the opinions thus formed are modern, 
considerably in advance of those held by 
the average citizen. His deep convic- 
tions are inherited, and have received an 
additional impetus from associations. 
His ancestors, of Quaker faith, came from 
England in Cromwell's time. His father- 
in-law, " Uncle " George Donaldson, was 
one of the most noted Abolitionists in 
northwestern Ohio, at a time when Abo- 
lition sentiment was a reproach and 
stigma, often a menace to personal safety. 
Mr. Betts was born in Cayuga countj', 
N. Y. , December 30, 1829, son of Zach- 
ariah and Mariah (Mitchell) Betts. Zach- 






ariah Betts was born in Bucks county, 
Penn., December 24, 1793. In Crom- 
well's time three brothers named Betts 
came to America, settling near Philadel- 
phia. The eldest, who had an entailed 
inheritance in England, at one time placed 
in jeopardy, returned to that country when 
political turmoil subsided. The younger 
two remained in America and founded a 
numerous family of their name, Zachariah 
being one of the descendants. His wife, 
Mariah Mitchell, was born March 4, 1798. 
After marriage Zachariah Betts moved to 
Aurora, Cayuga Co., N. Y. , where he 
farmed for many years, and in 1834 he 
moved to Honey Creek, Seneca Co. , 
Ohio, where he purchased a large farm. 
Many years later he removed to La Grange 
county, Ind., where he died February 3, 
1868, his wife surviving until July 23, 
1874. In politics he was a Whig. In 
early life he held allegiance to the Quaker 
faith, but later became a member of the 
Protestant Methodist Church. In physique 
he was a man of powerful frame. The 
nine children of Zachariah and Mariah 
Betts were as follows: Edward L. , barn 
December 18, 1821, served in an Indiana 
regiment in the army of the Potomac dur- 
ing the Civil war, and died in La Grange 
county, Ind., March 2, 1894; Howard 
M., born August 25, 1823, for thirty 
years a druggist at La Grange, Ind. ; 
Louis C, born October i, 1825, moved 
to Iowa in 1856, and died at Mt. Pleasant, 
that State, November 19, 1867; Albert 
F. , born August 27, 1 827, a tannerand cur- 
rier at Republic; Richard E. , subject of this 
sketch; Elizabeth A., wife of Van Norris 
Taylor, of Wolcottville, Ind. ; Thomas 
C. , born August 20, 1833, an ex-soldier 
of the Civil war, ex-sheriff of La Grange 
county, Ind., now living at La Grange; 
Martha M., born April 30, 1836, lives, 
unmarried, at La Grange, Ind. ; Emiline, 
born January 14, 1838, wife of Nelson 
Selby, of La Grange, Indiana. 

Richard E. Betts was five years old 
when he migrated with his parents from 

New York to Seneca county, Ohio. He 
was reared on his father's farm, and Oc- 
tober 28, 1852, he married Miss Lavinia 
Donaldson, who was born in Pickaway 
county, Ohio, in 1825, daughter of "Uncle" 
George and Ann (Patterson) Donaldson, 
the former of whom was born in Center 
county, Penn., July 7, 1793, the latter on 
January 15, 1796. He learned the black- 
smith's trade, and lived for a time in 
Lycoming county, Penn. ; then migrated 
with his family in a one-horse wagon to 
Pickaway county, Ohio, arriving with a 
capital of five dollars. Seven years later 
he moved to Tiffin, and in 1833 to Green 
Creek township, Sandusky county, where 
he followed his trade and farmed. Him- 
self and wife were Methodists, and in 
political convictions he was a radical Abo- 
litionist. He was connected with the 
"underground railroad," and once sent 
his team with five runaway negroes, 
concealed beneath straw and carpets, to 
Sandusky City, whence they escaped to 
Canada. "Uncle" George Donaldson 
was the most noted character of his time 
in this part of the country. On account 
of his Abolitionism an attempt was made 
to expel him from the M. E. Church. He 
gave James G. Birney, Abolition candi- 
date for President in 1840, the only vote 
cast for him in Green Creek township, 
and for its numerical insignificance the 
judges, who were in sentiment stronganti- 
Abolitionists, refused to count it. Mr. 
Donaldson died September 14, 1873, his 
wife November 30, 1863. Their nine chil- 
dren were as follows: James, born Febru- 
ary 13, 1820, died November 15, 1843; 
William, born February 25, 1821, died 
April 21, 1846; Robert, born November 
21, 1822, died December 30, 1846; La- 
vinia, wife of Mr. Betts; Susannah, born 
August II, 1827, wife of W. Dixon, of 
Rome City, Ind. ; Saul, born December 
20, 1829, residing in La Grange county, 
Ind.; David, born April 10, 1831, died 
December 13, 1881; Elizabeth, born Au- 
gust 14, 1834, died October 11, 1858; 



Nancy Ann, born June 29, 1839, died 
January 7, 1850. 

After his marriag;e Mr. Betts lived for 
several jears in Seneca county. He then 
came to Sandusky county, bought a farm, 
and for two years lived with his father-in- 
law. In 1856 he purchased his present 
farm, and has occupied it ever since. He 
owns 114 well-cultivated acres, and en- 
gages in general farming. Mr. Betts cast 
his first Presidential vote for J. P. Hale, 
anti-slavery candidate for 1852, and in 
1 876 voted for Peter Cooper on the Green- 
back ticket. He has been a prominent 
member of Monticello Lodge No. 244, F. 
& A. M., for many years. He is a firm 
believer in Spiritualism, as was also his 
wife, who passed from earth in February, 
1895. She was a lady of high mental and 
moral attainments. In political affairs 
Mr. Betts thinks the election of million- 
aires to Congress and the various State 
Legislatures is highly detrimental to the 
best interests of the people. 

Mr. Betts has a number of relatives on 
his mother's side residing near Rochester, 
N. Y. , among them an aunt, Sarah Cox 
(sister to his mother), who is now at the 
advanced age of ninety years, with her 
faculties unimpaired. Mr. Betts' weight 
at the present time is 260 pounds. 

ville, Sandusky county, was born 
January 17, 1844, son of Ernest 
H. and Elizabeth (Maenert) Bur- 
man, the former of whom was born De- 
cember 4, 181 1, in the Kingdom of Han- 
over, Germany. 

Ernest H. Burman was married in his 
native country, came to America in 1843, 
settling in Woodville township, Sandusky 
Co., Ohio, where he bought eighty acres 
of land on which he made improvements. 
He died September 9, 1891, a member of 
the Lutheran ('hurch. Our subject's mo- 
ther was born in 181 5, and died in 1875, 
Their children were Carrie, who died in 

Germany; Carrie, who married G. Otten; 
George A. ; Henry, who died when seven 
years old; Louis, a blacksmith, now living 
in Toledo; Harman, who works in the 
car shops at Toledo; Fred, who died in 
infancy; and Elizabeth, who married K. 
Kuhlman. of Ottawa county, Ohio. 

Mrs. George A. Burman is a daughter 
of H. H. and Clara (Fochthous) Kuhlman, 
the former of whom was born in Hanover, 
in 1812, and died September 4, 1887; the 
mother was born in 1 8 1 7, and is still living. 
They had six children: Henry Kuhlman, 
living at Woodville; Carrie, who married 
FredTaulker; Eliza, who died when three 
years old; one that died in infancy; Will- 
iam, who is living on the old homestead; 
and the wife of our subject. George A. 
Burman and his wife were both born in 
the same house in Woodville township, 
she on July 21, 1851. Her parents came 
to America the year before his, and when 
his parents came they moved into the 
same house, and our subject was born 
while they were living there. They were 
both reared in Woodville township, and 
attended the primitive district schools. 
They were married November 16, 1871, 
and the children born to them were Car- 
rie, born March 10, 1873, who died when 
one year old; George, born May 27, 1875, 
who is now a grocer of Tif^n, Ohio; 
Henry, born September 4, 1878, now 
studying for the ministry of the Lutheran 
Church, in Capitol University, Columbus, 
Ohio; Clara, born July i, 18S0, died Au- 
gust 19, 1882; and August, born October 
18, 1883. 

Our subject as he grew to manhood 
found himself possessed of strong mechan- 
ical powers and of natural skill as a work- 
man, and so without serving an appren- 
ticeship he became a good carpenter and an 
all-around wood workman; he also became 
an engineer, and ran a stationary engine 
in the mills at Woodville for seventeen 
years, and he has worked in the Lake 
Shore yard in Toledo. He has never de- 
voted his time to farming, but some years 



since purchased the old homestead in 
Woodville township, which he now owns, 
and which contains eight good oil wells 
at present. Mr. Burman was one of the 
first men in this section to invest in the 
developing oil business here, and as the 
result of his investment he recently sold 
out his interest in his lease wells for $i 5,- 
000. As a result of his ample means 
from this source he is now in good finan- 
cial circumstances, but he still does some 
work himself to pass the time away. He 
is a member of the Lutheran Church, and 
in politics is a Democrat. 

member of the livery firm of 
Harvey & Yetter, and one of the 
popular and reliable business men 
of Clyde, was born in Townsend town- 
ship, Sandusky county, February 6, 1866, 
a son of Charles and Mary (Speaker) Yet- 
ter, both of German descent. 

His father was born near Harrisburg, 
Penn., in 1840, and at the age of fifteen 
years came with his parents to Ohio, first 
locating at Chicago Junction, Huron 
county. Later he came to Sandusky 
county where he engaged in farming in 
Townsend township, and there the mother 
of our subject died at the age of thirty- 
two years. They were married near Cas- 
talia, Ohio, and by their union five chil- 
dren were born: (i) George, drowned 
in Lake Erie, off Kelly's Island, at the 
age of twenty-one years. He was cap- 
tain of a fishing smack, could swim well, 
but was struck with a boom while turn- 
ing the boat. (2) Henry is a farmer of 
Riley township, Sandusky county. (3) 
Samuel J. is ne.xt in order of birth. (4) 
Ella is the wife of G. W. Reddock, of 
Riley township. (5) Nettie is the wife of 
Ward Strohl, a hay dealer and presser, 
of Clyde. After the death of his first 
wife Mr. Yetter wedded Miss Lois Baker, 
and they have three children — Bert, John- 

nie and Mabel. In political sentiment 
the father is a Republican. 

In the schools of Townsend township, 
Sandusky county, the early education of 
Samuel J. Yetter was received, after 
which he entered the public schools of 
Clyde, and for one term was a student at 
the Normal in Ada, Ohio. On the com- 
pletion of his education he taught for one 
term, but at the end of that time re- 
turned home, where for a year he worked 
on the farm. He then entered a grocery 
store in Clyde, where he clerked some 
three years, and for the same length of 
time resided in Michigan. He then re- 
turned to Clyde, where for one year he 
served as hotel clerk, and in 1892 be- 
came interested in his present business, 
which he has since conducted with ex- 
cellent success. The firm have the only 
first-class livery in the city, and they re- 
ceive a liberal patronage. 

Though young in years Mr. Yetter is 
one of the most energetic and enterprising 
business men of Clyde, and is highly es- 
teemed and respected by all who know 
him. He has a wide circle of friends and 
acquaintances, among whom he is famil- 
iarly known by the name of "Sammie." 
Socially, he is identified with the Royal 
Arcanum, while his political affiliations 
are with the Republican party. 

PETER J. BEIER, one of the wor- 
thy citizens that the Fatherland 
has furnished to Ohio, was born in 
Laembach, Kurferstanthum Hes- 
san, Germany, a son of Joseph and Cath- 
erine (Geable) Beier, natives of the same 
country. They had a family of eight 
children, as follows: (i) Fronie, the eld- 
est, was born in Germany, in 1 831, and, 
is the wife of Michael Siferd, a farmer 
now living in Mmnesota, by whom she 
has ten children. (2) Agnes is the wife 
of Miran Hoffman, and they have five 
children — Joseph, Annie, Frank, Clara, 
and Willie. (3) Maggie, born in 1833, 



died and was buried in Germany in 1S71. 
(4) John Joseph married Catherine Kirch- 
gar, and they have eight children. (5) 
Annie is the wife of Conrad Busolt, a resi- 
dent of Fremont, Ohio, and their family 
numbers eight children. (6) Peter J. is 
the next younger. (7) Budenz married 
Nicholas Goodbellat, and resides in Ger- 
many; they have three children. (8) 
Westena is the wife of Albert Konney, 
and they have one child, Nellie, born' in 

In the land of his birth our subject 
was reared to manhood, and the days of 
his boyhood and youth were quietly 
passed. He came to the United States 
and to Sandusky county, Ohio, in 1866, 
has been a resident of Rice township since 
1874, when he purchased forty acres of 
land, which was still in its primitive con- 
dition, being covered with a thick growth 
of trees. He cleared all this himself, 
plowed and planted it, and in course of 
time the once wild tract was transformed 
into rich and fertile fields. As his finan- 
cial resources increased he extended the 
boundaries of his farm until it now com- 
prises eighty acres. In 1890 he built a 
house at a cost of $1, 550, and, in 1892, a 
barn at a cost of $1,000, and is now en- 
gaged in general farming and stock rais- 
ing. He has a well-improved place, and 
is meeting with good success in his under- 
takings. His possessions have been ac- 
quired entirely through his own efforts, 
and he may well be termed a self-made 
man, for he started out in life for himself 
empty-handed, and his success is the re- 
ward of labor and perseverance. 

On June 14, 1870, Mr. Beier was 
united in marriage with Catherine Bean- 
sack, a native of Fremont, Ohio, and 
twelve children were born to them, their 
names and dates of birth being as fol- 
lows: Clara, May 28, 1871; Mary L., 
May 9, 1873; Lewis H., June i, 1875; 
Frank J., March 12, 1877; Matilda C. , 
February 26, 1879; Charles M., Decem- 
ber 21, 1881; William A., February 15, 

i8S3;LeoJ., March 13, 1885; Rudolph 
C, July 25, 1887; Rosa K., September 
19, 1890; John A., June 8, 1892; Roman 
P., May 16, 1895. Of these, Clara be- 
came the wife of George Widman, and 
they have one son, Joseph, who was born 
in Sandusky township; Roman P. died 
May 21, 1895, and the rest are still under 
the parental roof. In his political views 
Mr Beier is a Democrat; in religious be- 
lief he is a Catholic. 

AMOS BLANK, a prosperous and 
representative farmer of Wood- 
ville township, Sandusky county, 
was born April 20, 1841, and is a 
son of William and Anna (Hess) Blank. 
William Blank was born in north 
Cumberland county, Penn., in 1790, came 
west and settled near Rollersville, San- 
dusky Co., Ohio, in the spring of 1836. 
He married Anna Hess, and they became 
the parents of eleven children, namely: 
George, David, Abraham, Peter, Amos, 
Mary, Elizabeth, Matilda, Melinda, Will- 
iam and Emeline, all now living but three. 
When Mr. Blank came to Ohio he rented 
a piece of land of J. M. King for two 
years, then moved to Madison township, 
Sandusky county, where he bought eighty 
acres of timber land, commenced clearing, 
and put up a cabin with a stone chimney. 
The country was very wild, and bears and 
wolves were plentiful and troublesome. 
The nearest mill was at Fremont, and it 
took several days to make the trip. Mr. 
Blank helped lay out and make most of 
the roads in the vicinity, and cleared up 
over 100 acres of land. He held several 
township offices, and always voted the 
Democratic ticket. At the time of his 
death he left 440 acres of valuable land. 
He died June 8, 1 871, at the age of eighty- 
one years, five months and thirteen days; 
his wife died in 1844, and was laid to rest 
in Sugar Creek cemetery. 

On August 30, 1868, Amos Blank was 
united in marriage with Emma J. Clifford, 



who was born at Wellington, Lorain Co. , 
Ohio, August 20, 1848, and they have had 
eight children, namely: Florence A., 
born January I 5, 1870, died July 1 1, 1871; 
Amos B., born October 24, 1871, unmar- 
ried and living at home, and has been in 
the oil business since 1889, having several 
hundred acres of oil land leased, also 
owner of 960 acres of land in Henry 
county, Ohio; Myrtie M., born May 17, 
1873, married S. F. Osborne, a telegraph 
operator, July i , 1 893 ; John P. , born Janu- 
ary 12, 1875; Iva B., born April 28, 1877, 
married Charles F. Haggerty, and they 
have one child — Charles Amos, born Sep- 
tember 4, 1894; Willie H., born Decem- 
ber 5, 1880; Bertha L. , born March 15, 
1882, and Effie J., born March 12, 1886. 
After his marriage Amos Blank oper- 
ated a sawmill in Woodville township 
from 1866 to 1872, then sold out to Tille 
Brothers, and bought 120 acres of partly- 
cleared land. Recently he purchased a 
farm of 180 acres near Napoleon, Henry 
Co., Ohio, and removed on said farm, 
but still owns the 120-acre farm in San- 
dusky county. He raises bees very ex- 
tensively, also cattle and horses, and car- 
ries on general farming. Mr. Blank do- 
nates liberally to the cause of religion and 
prohibition of the liquor traffic. In poli- 
tics he was always a Democrat until 1886, 
when he joined the Prohibitionists, and 
has since worked hard for that party. 
Socially he is a Mason, is very popular, 
and much esteemed for his many good 
qualities. His grandparents were Hol- 
landers, and his grandfather served in the 
war of 1812. 

CHARLES CLINK, a practical and 
progressive agriculturist of Wood- 
ville township, Sandusky county, 
was born December 23, 1843, in 
the township which is still his home, and 
is the second son of Caleb Clink. The 
family is well-known throughout this lo- 
cality and his brothers — Jacob, Reuben 

and A. J. — are prominent farmers and 
stock dealers. In the district schools he 
acquired a fair education, while his father's 
farm afforded him physical training, and he 
was there employed from an early age until 
he had reached his twenty-fifth year. He 
then entered a dry-goods store at Wood- 
ville, where he spent three years in the ca- 
pacity of clerk, after which he was for 
several years a salesman in a similar house 
in Elmore. He was employed in the same 
capacity for four years in Pemberville, 
and during all that period gave general 
satisfaction, winning for himself the 
good will of his employers, and the con- 
fidence of his customers. 

On leaving Pemberville, Mr. Clink re- 
turned to Woodville township, locating on 
an eighty-acre tract of timber land, on 
which he built a small frame house and 
installed his family therein. His next 
task was to remove the trees and stumps 
upon the place, and transform it into 
fields of rich fertility. Some of the 
timber was sold for manufacturing pur- 
poses, and tree after tree fell beneath 
his sturdy strokes until sixty acres had 
been cleared and highly cultivated, while 
a fine orchard of five acres yields to him 
its fruits in season. Good fences divide 
the place into fields of convenient size, 
the latest improved machinery is there 
seen, and the accessories and conveniences 
of a model farm may there be found. 
Mr. Clink has worked early and late to 
accomplish this desired result, and now 
has the satisfaction of being the owner of 
one of the finest farms in his section. 
The small frame house into which he first 
moved his family has been replaced by a 
large, substantial and ornamental dwell- 
ing which was erected at a cost of 
$1,800. The surrounding grounds pre- 
sent a picturesque appearance, and the 
neatness and taste there displayed indicate 
the progressive spirit of the owner. 

Mr. Clink was married February 28, 
1869, in Pemberville, Ohio, to Miss Caro- 
line Pember, daughter of Hiram Pember, 



in whose honor the town of Pernbqrville 
was named. He was born in New York, 
and there learned the trade of black- 
smithing and iron working. In the 
Empire State he married Matilda Heath, 
and in 1832 removed to Ohio with his 
famil)', locating in Wood county, where, 
with others, he founded the town of 
Pemberville. Eight children were born 
of that marriage, three of whom are liv- 
ing: Adeline, the first white child born 
in that section of Wood county, and now 
the wife of Charles Stabler, a farmer of 
Pemberville; Stillwell, a retired farmer of 
Kansas; and Caroline, wife of our subject. 
The father died in 1878, the mother on 
September 2, 1874. Three children bless 
the union of Mr. and Mrs. Clink, viz. : 
Maud, born in Pemberville, Wood county. 
May 12, 1874, educated in Woodville 
township, Sandusky county, and mar- 
ried October 16, 1890, to B. I. Ross, a 
resident of Mansfield, Ohio, employed as 
a railroad engineer (he has been em- 
ployed by the Pennsylvania Company 
twelve years); Claude, born September 5, 
1876, in Woodville township, attended 
the district schools and the Normal of 
Ada, Ohio, and is now engaged in opera- 
ting in the oil fields; the third child died 
in infancy. In 1884 Mr. and Mrs. Clink 
adopted a nine-weeks-old baby boy by 
the name of Frank C. Foster, who has 
since been one of the family. 

For six terms, Mr. Clink has been 
elected and served as supervisor, and has 
also been school director four years, dis- 
charging his duties with a fidelity worthy 
of all commendation. He is a member 
of the Foresters Association, and of the 
Masonic Lodge of Pemberville, while the 
family attend the Peoples Church of 
Woodville. Mrs. Clink is a member of 
the Lady Maccabees, Harmon Hive No. 
36, and the son Claude, is a member of 
the Knights of the Maccabees, DeMolay 
Tent No. 211. In their pleasant home 
Mr. and Mrs. Clink are enjoying the 
fruits of their former toil, and throughout 

the community are held in the highest 
regard by a wide circle of friends and 

of the leading and most progress- 
ive farmers of Green Creek town- 
ship, Sandusky county, is a na- 
tive of same, born in Green Creek town- 
ship March 21, 1848. In all matters of 
public interest Mr. Hutchinson is wide- 
awake, and by his progressive ideas is 
doing much for the people of his native 
and neighboring townships. 

Nathaniel Hutchinson, great-grand- 
father of our subject, was a native and 
resident of Cambridge, whose three sons — 
John, Thomas and Joseph — in 18 18 mi- 
grated to Clark county, Ohio. John 
after a short period, removed to Wabash, 
Ind., where he and his family fell victims 
to an epidemic of fever. Thomas re- 
mained in Ohio some twenty years, and 
then removed to La Grange county, Ind., 
where he died. Joseph, grandfather of 
Charles B., was born April 21, 1782, and 
was married in his native State, in Octo- 
ber, 1805, to Mary A. Hodgman, who 
was born in Cambridge, Mass., October 
10, 1783. After coming to Ohio they re- 
sided in Clark county until April, 1827, 
when they moved to Green Creek town- 
ship, Sandusky county. Joseph Hutchin- 
son was a mechanic, and followed his 
trade through life. After locating on a 
farm in Green Creek township he went 
to Monroeville, Ohio, and there worked 
for about six years, then returning to his 
farm and remaining until his death, in 
January, 1855; his wife died in 1851. 
This couple had eight children, as follows: 
Mary A., born September 9, 1807, mar- 
ried Ashel Franklin in Clark county, June 
14, 1829, and died in May, 1848; Joseph 
H., born April 17, 1809, died November 
24, 1823; Charlotte, born February 7, 
181 1, married S. S. Kellogg, of Huron 
county, February 10, 1831, died in Feb- 



ruary, 1854; Louisa, born September 12, 
1 8 14, who married Elisha Lake, and, 
after his death, Charles Petty, died in 
Woodbury county, Iowa; Josiah B., born 
November 30, 1817, died May 28, 
1836; Alfred, father of Charles B., born 
September 17, 1820; Phcebe M., born 
May 29, 1825, married Noble Perin, who 
died in Andersonville prison during the 
war (she lives in Green Creek town- 
ship); Joseph, born May 29, 1830, fatally 
crushed by a loaded wagon, from which 
he fell. 

Alfred Hutchinson was seven years old 
when his parents settled in Green Creek 
township. The schools at that period 
were very primitive; but he received the 
best education the locality afforded. At 
the age of eighteen years he began an ap- 
prenticeship to the brick-layer's and plas- 
terer's trade, which he followed for about 
thirty years. He was married April 6, 
1843, to Mary M. Dirlam, born in Massa- 
chusetts August 18, 1823, daughter of 
Orrin and Annis (Gibbs) Dirlam, both 
born in Blandford, Mass., the former on 
February 22, 1792, the latter on August 
18, 1797. Annis Dirlam died in Massa- 
chusetts November 6, 1830, and three 
years later Orrin Dirlam migrated with 
his seven children to Green Creek town- 
ship, Sandusky Co., Ohio, where he en- 
tered a large tract of land. These seven 
children were as follows: Sarah, born 
September 28, 181 8, married Samuel 
Chapin, and died in Clyde September 10, 
1873; Orrin M., born February 7, 1820, 
died in 1889 in Sullivan, Ashland county; 
Dolly Almira, born October 27, 1821, 
married Merlin Babcock, and died March 
26, 1848; Mary M. ; Franklin, born De- 
cember 12, 1824, resident of Townsend 
township, Sandusky county; James M., 
born February 21, 1826, a resident of 
Wood county; and Spencer, who died in 
infancy. For his second wife Orrin Dir- 
lam married Elvira Smith, who was born 
in Massachusetts April 18, 1807. By this 
marriage he had nine children: Henry S., 

born February 9, 1843, who enlisted in 
the army at Cleveland, and while acting 
captain of his company was seriously 
wounded at the battle of Chickamauga, 
dying from the effects of the wound De- 
cember 18, 1865; Zadoc, born September 
16, 1836, resident of Clyde; Verrazano, 
born July 25, 1839, served in the army 
and died August 3, 1882; Theodore, born 
January 22, 1842, participated in the one- 
hundred-days' service, now living in Lo- 
rain county; Sidney, born September 8, 
1844, a resident of New London; Minerva, 
born January 2, 1847, died November 8, 
1879; Walter S., born January 28, 1853, 
a resident of Lorain county; and two chil- 
dren who died young. Orrin Dirlam was 
the father of sixteen children, fourteen of 
whom grew to maturity. He died at 
Huntington, Lorain county. May 20, 1882. 

The children born to Alfred and Mary 
M. (Dirlam) Hutchinson were as follows: 
Zemira, born December 2, 1844, enlisted in 
Company A, Seventy-second O.V. L, and 
died in prison at Florence, S. C, October 
30, 1864; Charles B., subject of this sketch; 
Fred, born January 28, 1861, married 
Mabel Lay, daughter of William E. Lay, 
and has five sons — Clare, Ernest, Karl, 
Frank and Ralph; Fred lives on a farm in 
Green Creek township. Alfred Hutchin- 
son died on the old homestead in Green 
Creek township in 1889, and his widow 
at this writing still resides there. Neither 
had been identified with any Church or- 
ganization, but both believed in and fol- 
lowed practical Christianity. Their lives 
have been illustrations of their belief that 
to do good is the highest function of man. 
Alfred Hutchinson during his lifetime was 
recognized as one of the leading citizens 
of his community, and he was elected to 
many of the township offices. 

Charles B. Hutchinson, his son, is 
likewise one of the most prominent men 
of the township to-day. He possesses 
business ability of an advanced order, and 
his capacity is demonstrated by his visible 
works. He was thoroughly educated in 



the common branches, and in addition 
attended the Cl3'de High School. On 
November i6, 1S64, when only sixteen 
years old, he enlisted in Company B, 
Second U. S. A. Regulars, and was in 
service four months when his parents, on 
account of his youth, succeeded in getting 
him back on the farm. When a few 
days under twenty years of age, March 
17, 1868, he married Miss Emma Strick- 
land, who was born in Clyde in April, 
1850. They started young in life, but 
during the happy and successful career 
that followed they have never had cause 
to regret their early marriage. Seven 
children have been born to them, five of 
whom survive, as follows: Dr. A. F., who 
is a graduate of Clyde High School and of 
the class of 1893 in the Medical Depart- 
ment of the University of Michigan (he 
married Miss Mildred Ward, and is now 
practicing medicine at Banfield, Barry 
Co., Mich.); Chella, a Clyde High School 
graduate of 1892, at home; Lotta, Lou 
and Delmer. Claude died at the age of 
eight years and Floyd at the age of four 
years. Since his marriage Mr. Hutchin- 
son has been engaged in farming. He 
owns 115 acres of choice land, and in his 
methods no farmer of the township is 
more progressive or successful. In poli- 
tics he is a Republican. He is taking 
pains to carefully educate his children, 
and in all things he is public-spirited and 

HENRY MILLER was born in To- 
ledo, Lucas Co., Ohio, Septem- 
ber 23, 1835, son of Fred and 
Sophia (Mintkink) Miller, natives 
of Hanover, Germany, who came to 
America in 1835, and settled in Toledo, 

Fred Miller secured a position in a 
sawmill in Toledo, and worked there 
about two months; then removed to Wood- 
ville, Sandusky county, where he bought 

twenty-five acres of timberland as an in- 
vestment. This he sold a short time 
afterward, and then bought eighty acres, 
later eighty more, and lived on this land 
till 1865, when he moved to the village 
of Woodville, where he passed the re- 
mainder of his life, dying in 1873; his 
widow passed away in 1890. Seven chil- 
dren were born to Fred and Sophia Mil- 
ler, as follows: Frederick, who lives in 
the village of Woodville; Henry, the sub- 
ject of this sketch; Sophia, who married 
John Horseman; William, who lives in 
the village of Woodville; Detrick, Mary 
and Harmon. 

At the tender age of three years Henry 
Miller was taken sick with an affection 
known as the rickets, and from that time 
until his sixteenth year he was confined 
to his bed. After that he improved some- 
what, and endeavored to secure an edu- 
cation, of which he felt the need, all the 
more as the disease had left him unfit for 
manual labor. In 1859 he went to work 
for Jacob Nagle, as an apprentice to learn 
the harness-maker's trade. Afterward he 
entered into the service of Daniel Coe, in 
the harness business in Elmore, Harris 
township, Otta.wa county, and remained 
there four years. In 1864 Mr. Miller 
bought out his employer. Shortly after- 
ward his place of business was burned, 
and he then came back to Woodville, 
Sandusky county, and entered into the 
harness business. Here he has conducted 
business ever since. He is a Republi- 
can in politics, and in religious connec- 
tion is a member of the German Methodist 

ancestor from whom have de- 
scended the Huffords now living 
in Sandusky county, Ohio, was 
Jacob Hufford. He was born in Mary- 
land in 1772, where he learned the trade 
of blacksmith. It was in his native State 

U/. ^ 






that he met and married Miss Catharine 
Creager, and shortly after their marriage 
they came to Kentucky, where for a few 
years Mr. Hufford worked at his trade. 
About 1811 they emigrated to Greene 
county, Ohio, where they lived until 1836, 
during which time Mr. Hufford continued 
at his trade, and it was here that his chil- 
dren — Cornelius, Jacob, Elizabeth, James, 
Levi, William, Isaac and Catharine — 
were born and brought up. In 1836 this 
ancestor came to Sandusky township, 
Sandusky Co. , Ohio, where he purchased, 
in Section 31, 200 acres of land, which 
was held in the family until about 1881. 
After his death, in 1851, the land was 
owned by his sons, Jacob and William. 
None of the children of this old pioneer 
are now living, the last one, James, hav- 
ing died in the spring of 1895. The de- 
scendants of the children of Jacob, the 
pioneer, are now, many of them, living in 
Sandusky county, and it is of one of them, 
William T. Hufford, and of his father, 
James, whose portraits are here given, 
that we now write. 

James Hufford, the third son of 
Jacob Hufford, was born November 23, 
1812, in^Greene county, Ohio, and came 
with his parents to Sandusky county, in 
1836. Herehestartedin life for himself, his 
only endowments being good health and 
a determination to accomplish something 
in the world. In June, 1837, he was mar- 
ried to Miss Susan Arnold, of Greene 
county, and to them were born three 
children: George W. , born in 1838, and 
died at Memphis, Tenn., during the Re- 
bellion, a member of the Seventy-second 
Regiment, O. V. I.; Harriet A., who mar- 
ried William Slates; and Joseph M., born 
in 1845, and died in 1868. Mrs. Hufford 
was called from earth June 23, 1846, and 
was buried in Muskalonge Cemetery. 
On December 24, 1847, Mr. Hufford was 
married to Elizabeth Fisher, of Sandusky 
count}'. She was born in Perry county, 
Ohio, January 9, 1829, and came with 
her parents to Sandusky county when 

eight years of age, where she has since 
lived. Mrs. Hufford is a daughter of 
William and Jane (Anderson) Fisher, the 
former of whom was born and married in 
Virginia, and to them were born five chil- 
dren, three of whom are now living: Mrs. 
Hufford, George Fisher and Mrs. Margaret 
Hummell; the father died in 1872, the 
mother in 1831. To Mr. Hufford by his 
second wife was born one child, William 
T. Hufford, whose sketch follows. 

James Hufford was a highly esteemed 
citizen, and an affectionate husband and 
father. He was a very intimate friend of 
Dr. Wilson, president of the First National 
Bank, of Fremont, Ohio. By hard work 
and strict integrity he accumulated a hand- 
some property, west of Fremont. At his 
death, which occurred March 31, 1895, he 
owned 277 acres of as fine land as can be 
found in Sandusky coimty. Mr. Hufford 
had all of his business settled, his will exe- 
cuted and his son, William, appointed 
executor of his estate. The property is 
to remain intact during the life of Mrs. 
Hufford, then descend to the children — 
William T. , and his half sister. 

William T. Hufford was born Sep- 
tember 26, 1 85 1, in Sandusky township. 
He was educated in the high school at 
Fremont, Ohio, and was for seven years 
a teacher in the Sandusky county public 
schools. On December 25, 1873, Mr. 
Hufford was married to Miss Sarah J. 
Rideout, of Sandusky county. Since their 
marriage they have resided on the old 
homestead, on which, in 1894, Mr. Huf- 
ford erected one of the finest dwellings to 
be found in Sandusky county, either in the 
city or country, the plan of the house be- 
ing designed by Mr. Hufford, himself. It 
is finished inside in oak, which Mr. Huf- 
ford took from his own timber lot. The 
style of the house, both inside and out- 
side, is modern in every way; the sitting- 
room and parlor are provided with hand- 
some grates and mantels. The house is 
heated from cellar to garret by a furnace, 
thus freeing the rooms from all dust and 



litter attending the use of stoves. On en- 
tering the sitting-room from the porch 
one is brought in front of a fine piano, 
which instrument is played by Mrs. Huf- 
ford herself, while at either end of the 
piano stands a base viol, and on top of the 
piano lies a violin, which instruments are 
played by the two boys at home. The 
musical development of those who inhabit 
the house serves to make the modern ar- 
chitecture of the building more highly ap- 
preciated. Mr. Hufford, like his father, 
is a thorough business man, and highly 
respected by all who know him. His 
ability to give facts and dates connected 
with the lives of his ancestry is remarka- 
ble, thus showing that any subject that in 
any way engrosses his attention is thor- 
oughly mastered. 

To William T. Hufford and his wife 
have come three children: (i) Eugene 
L. , born September 26, 1874, whose edu- 
cation was completed in Adrian College, 
Michigan; he was married April 3, 1894, 
to Estella Smith, of Sandusky county. (2) 
James F., born April 13, 1877, and (3) 
Ray v., born May 4, 1884. Mrs. Huf- 
ford, the estimable wife of our subject, 
was born December 25, 1853, in San- 
dusky county, where she received her edu- 
cation in the country schools. She has 
paid considerable attention to music, and 
it is from their mother that the children 
inherit their musical taste. Mrs. Hufford 
is the daughter of William and Mary Ann 
(Huggins) Rideout, the former of whom 
was born February 10, 18 19, a carpenter 
by trade, though he followed farming as 
his principal occupation; he died April 6, 
1892. His wife was born March 4, 1822. 
To them were born six children, Mrs. Huf- 
ford being next to the youngest, and the 
only daughter in the family; her brother, 
Lafayette, died at Fort Ethan Allen, Va. , 
July 3, 1864 (he belonged to the One 
Hundred and Sixty-ninth Regiment, O. 
V. I.); another brother, Frank, lives in 
Ottawa, 111., and two other brothers, Ar- 
thur and John, live in Tuscola, Illinois. 

HIRAM P. DEYO, one of the pros- 
perous and influential farmers of 
York township, Sandusky county, 
was born in Erie county, Ohio, 
December 31, 1845, son of John P. and 
Sarah A. (Foster) Deyo. 

John P. Deyo, better known as " Dr. 
Deyo," for in his younger years he was an 
active practitioner of medicine, still sur- 
vives at the ripe old age of ninety years, 
and is now a member of his son Hiram's 
household. He was born December 14, 
1804, in Ulster county, N. Y., and when 
about nineteen years of age migrated to 
Ontario county in the same State. At 
Geneva he studied medicine under a pre- 
ceptor, and began to practice. In the 
spring of 1833 he migrated to Ohio, mak- 
ing the journey on horseback. His par- 
ents, William and Elizabeth (Ketcham) 
Deyo, both of whom were born in New 
York, east of the Hudson river, also mi- 
grated to Ohio. William Deyo, the son 
of Henry Deyo, of Holland birth, was a 
carpenter and joiner by trade, and died 
in his pioneer home in Erie county, Ohio, 
at the age of sixty-five years. He had 
served his country as a soldier in the war 
of 18 1 2. His wife, Elizabeth Ketcham, 
was of New England parentage. She 
lived to the age of eighty-six years. Dr. 
John P. Deyo settled in Huron county, 
four and one-half miles north of Belle- 
vue, and was the pioneer physician in 
that locality, making his visits on horse- 
back and carrying his medicines about 
with him in saddlebags. After his father's 
death he quit the active practice of his 
profession and settled on the old home- 
stead in Erie county, which was part of 
the "Firelands," and which had been 
purchased before he moved to Ohio. He 
was married, April 4, 1836, to Sarah 
Foster, who was born in Erie county, 
N. Y. , March 24, 1819. To Dr. and 
Mrs. Deyo were born the following chil- 
dren: Maria L. , born in Erie county 
November 9, 1840, married to Henry 
Miller and living in Clyde; Allen H., 



born June i, 1843, now a farmer near 
Sedalia, Mo.; Hiram P., subject of this 
sketch; Frank F., born December 2, 
1847, living at Pekin, 111.; B. W., born 
November 11, 1850, a resident of Clio, 
Mich.; Delavan J., born November 18, 
1852, implement dealer at Sandusky 
city; William J., born April 29, 1855, 
died March 5, 1858; Fred W., born Sep- 
tember 10, 1858, a salesman at Sandusky 
city; and two children, who died in in- 

Hiram P. Deyo grew to manhood on 
the home farm in Erie county, attending 
the district schools and also taking a term 
or two at Milan. He was married, Jan- 
uary 6, 1870, to Francis P. Thompson, 
who was born in Thompson township, 
Seneca Co., Ohio, November 5, 1845, 
daughter of William and Hannah (Hol- 
man) Thompson. William Thompson 
when a boy came from Pennsylvania with 
his parents, who settled in Thompson 
township, Seneca county. He died at 
the age of seventy-five years, in Erie 
county. Children as follows were born 
to William and Hannah Thompson: 
Sarah Ann, who married Theophilus 
Gardner, and is now deceased; Delia, 
wife of Charles Russell, of York town- 
ship; Josiah, who lives on the old home- 
stead; William H., of Thompson town- 
ship, Seneca county, and .Celesta M. 
wife of S. E. Bardwell, of Erie county. 

Mr. Deyo has been a lifelong farmer, 
except for about eight months, when he 
was on the road as a Baltimore & Ohio 
express messenger. He came from Erie 
county to York township, Sandusky 
county, purchasing the excellent farm 
of eighty-seven acres which he now culti- 
vates. Mr. Deyo affiliates with the Peo- 
ple's party, and himself and wife are con- 
sistent members of the M. E. Church. 
They have one child, Miss Stella Deyo, a 
handsome and highly-accomplished young 
lady. She taught her first school at the 
age of fourteen years, and has since taken 
a thorough course of instruction in the 

Musical Conservatory at Oberlin. She is 
now a teacher of vocal and instrumental 
music, and is one of the most popular 
belles in the social life of Sandusky 

young and enterprising agricul- 
turist and oil speculator of Madi- 
son township, Sandusky county, 
was born February 28, 1867, son of E. A. 
and Christina (Blank) Hurlbut. He is a 
representative of prominent families of 
the community, being a nephew of Amos 
and Abraham Blank, leading farmers of 
Sandusky county. 

When Charles was quite a young man 
his father went west, and he then lived 
with his uncle, Abraham Blank, who cared 
for him and his mother. His elementary 
education was obtained in the schools of 
Woodville township, Sandusky county, 
and for a short period he pursued his 
studies in Gibsonburg, afterward working 
on his uncle's farm until he had arrived 
at years of maturity. Having a desire to 
to see the Western States, he started in 
1888 for California, traveling through 
Colorado, Arizona, Texas and New Mex- 
ico, and at last reaching the Golden State. 
He visited many portions of California, 
spending some time in Los Angeles, San 
Diego, San Francisco and other points of 
interest, and upon the return trip he vis- 
ited Kansas, remaining some months in 
that State. 

On reaching Ohio again, he took up his 
residence upon his uncle's farm, which 
has been his home continuously since. 
Three years ago he entered into partner- 
ship with his uncles and other enterpris- 
ing business men of the township in the 
formation of a company for oil specula- 
tion, of which he was made secretary and 
treasurer. This concern, which is a purely 
local one, is meeting with good success. 
Besides aiding in the operation of the 
large farm belonging to his uncle, Mr. 



Hurlbut himself owns 140 acres of rich 
and arable land in another part of the 
township, which is now highh' cultivated 
and on which he is making some exten- 
sive improvements. 

On September 25, 1890, Mr. Hurlbut 
led to the marriage altar Miss Elsie R. 
Krotzer, a daughter of Ira W. Krotzer, a 
farmer of Madison township, Sandusky 
county. Two children bless this happy 
marriage — Ira W., born August 2, 1891, 
and Walter H., born July 15, 1S93. Mr. 
Hurlbut is a very intelligent and enter- 
prising young man, and, possessing good 
business tact and ability, has met with 
success in his undertakings. Within the 
past year he has erected a beautiful home, 
the finest in the neighborhood, which 
stands as a monument to his industry. 
He possesses a genial, affable disposition, 
is widely and favorably known through- 
out the county, and is popular with all. 
His business integrity is above question, 
and commands universal confidence and 
respect. Socially he is connected with 
Gibsonburg Lodge No. 687, I. O. O. F. , 
and in politics he supports principles rather 
than party, and is a stalwart Silverman. 

GEORGE BOWE, son of George 
Bowe, Sr. , and Catherine (Weg- 
stein) Bowe, was born August i. 
1835, on the old homestead in 
Section 7, Scott township, Sandusky 
county, and where his brothers first saw 
the light. 

In May, 1861, Mr. Bowe was united 
in marriage with Miss Mary Bordner, of 
Freeport, Ohio, and shortly after their 
marriage they settled in Section 18, Scott 
township, where they remained three 
years; about 1863 he built a house on his 
own farm and removed there. Sixty 
acres of his farm were heavily timbered at 
that time, which he has cleared and made 
of it one of the model farms of the town- 
ship; later Mr. Bowe added to his first 
piece of land until he now has 210 acres. 

In addition to his arduous work as a 
farmer he followed threshing for twenty- 
eight \-ears, wearing out several machines 
and making money at the business. Like 
his brothers, Mr. Bowe entered into the 
oil business, and like them made several 
leases of his farm before one was made 
that resulted in any practical benefit. Fi- 
nally, February 17, 1895, he leased his 
farm to the Sun Oil Company, for one- 
sixth of the oil produced. Four wells are 
now being operated, and a well is to be 
put in each sixty days until twelve wells 
are down. The wells now in operation 
produce about twelve barrels of oil per 
day, or six barrels each. The oil is 
pumped to Toledo through an oil pipe. 
While a well was being put down on his 
neighbor's land Mr. Bowe's barn acciden- 
tally took lire and was completely de- 

To Mr. and Mrs. Bowe have come 
children as follows: W. M., born Feb- 
ruary 25, 1862, resides on the old farm; 
he was married October i, 1885, to Ro- 
sette Day, of Rising Sun, Ohio, and they 
have one child, Shurley, born October 
20, 1889. Ellen Catherine, born June 19, 
1864, is the wife of Wilbert Phillips. 
Charles Henry, born October 30, 1866, 
married Ellen Roush, of Rising Sun, Ohio. 
Fanny is Mrs. W. Day, of Rising Sun. 
Mary Elizabeth, born July 8, 1861, was a 
teacher in Sandusky county a few years 
before her marriage; she married J. H. 
Burnette, of Rising Sun. R. G. , born 
May I, 1873, was also a teacher for two 
years. Roscoe F. was born December 19, 
1877. Verna L. was born February 
II, 1880. Mrs. Bowe was born October 
1 1 , 1 838, a daughter of Michael and Leah 
(Buchtel) Bordner. When she was only 
a young girl her mother died, and she 
was obliged to assist in the household du- 
ties for her father. 

Michael Bordner was born February 
28, 1812, in Pennsylvania, where he lived 
until he was fifteen years old. He then 
came to Stark county, Ohio, where, on 



December ii, 1834, he married Miss 
Leah Buchtel, of that county. For eight 
years he worked at shoemaking, but dur- 
ing the latter part of his active hfe he fol- 
lowed agricultural pursuits. He is now 
living in Bradner, Wood count}', at the 
age of eighty-three years, a pleasant and 
genial old gentleman. His wife died in 
1859, and was buried in the Bradner 
Cemetery. To them were born children, 
the names and dates of birth being as fol- 
lows: Henry, September 9, 1836, died 
in the Civil war; Mary, Mrs. Bowe; Lucy, 
January 25, 1841, died September 24, 
1894; Calvin, April 30, 1843, who died 
July 28, 1862, in the army; Rachel, Au- 
gust 9, 1846; Ellen, September 14, 1848; 
Alfred, January 28, 1851; and Sarah, 
March 24, 1855. After the death of his 
first wife Mr. Bordner married Miss Polly 
Yohe, who is also deceased. 

Peter Bordner, the paternal grand- 
father of Mrs. Bowe, was born about the 
year 1766 in Pennsylvania, and died in 
1816; his wife, Catherine (Cotherman), 
was born in 1770 and died in 1866. Mrs. 
Bowe's maternal grandfather, Henry 
Buchtel, was born about 1790 and died 
in 1875; his wife, Elizabeth Ayers, was 
born about 1791, and died in 1850. They 
had fifteen children — two sons and thir- 
teen daughters. 

George Bowe, Sr. , father of the sub- 
ject of this sketch, was born in France in 
1802, came to America in 1832, settling 
in New York State, near Buffalo, where he 
remamed three years, thence moving to 
Ohio, where in Scott township he entered 
210 acres of land, one-half for his sister, 
and the balance for himself. In the 
winter of 1834-35 he married Catherine 
Wegstein, a daughter of Michael Weg- 
stein, and born in Baden, Germany, 181 3. 
To them were born ten children, three of 
whom died in infancy, the others being: 
George (our subject), Jacob, Frederick, 
Henry, Michael, Jr., David and Mary C. ; 
Frederick and Mary C, died some time 
ago; the others are yet living. Mr. Bowe's 

father was an old pioneer of Scott town- 
ship. He owned at one time 600 acres 
of land, which he divided among his chil- 
dren, thus giving each a start in life, from 
which they have progressed and become 
well-to-do, highly esteemed by all who 
know them. His wife, the mother of our 
subject, died July 9, 1891, and was buried 
in the Bradner Cemetery. 

Our subject's maternal grandfather, 
Michael Wegstein, was born about the 
year 1779 in Baden, Germany, where he 
was married. In 1832 he started for 
America, and during the voyage his wife 
died and was buried in mid-ocean. In his 
family there were six children, of whom 
only two are living; one son, Capt. 
Michael Wegstein, of Company H, Sev- 
enty-second Ohio Regiment, was killed at 
the battle of Shiloh. 

JM. YEAGLE is of that type of citi- 
zenship most valuable to any com- 
munity. That people is perhaps 
best governed that is least governed; 
but the withholding of governmental re- 
straint is only possible when the people are 
in themselves sufficiently self-restrained. 
Mr. Yeagle has learned the value of at- 
tending strictl}' to his own business, and 
also of attending to it well. Denied the 
advantage of a higher education himself, 
he has made it a duty to give to his chil- 
dren that which he lacked. 

Our subject was born in Sandusky 
county February 26, 1846, son of Michael 
and Sarah (Kreilick) Yeagle, the former 
of whom was born in Pennsylvania in 
1 8 10, and died in December, 1893, a re- 
spected farmer of Sandusky county. In 
politics he was a Democrat, and in re- 
hgious faith a Lutheran. His wife, also 
a native of Pennsylvania, was born in 
1 81 3, and died at the age of sixty-five 
years. They had seven children, as fol- 
lows: Mary, wife of John Faden, of Ot- 
tawa county; Jeremiah; Henry; Catherine, 
who married John Henrick; J. M., sub- 



ject of this sketch: Sarah, who married 
Joseph Leiser, and Lavina, who married 
Israel Burkett. J. M. Yeagle grew up in 
the county of his birth, attending the 
schools of Rice township. In 1871 he 
married Miss Mary Flatz, who was born 
in Germany, May 30, 1848, and after his 
marriage he purchased and settled on a 
farm in Salem township, Ottawa county, 
where he remained about ten years. He 
then farmed for two years near Fremont, 
and in 1890 purchased his present farm 
of seventy acres in Green Creek township. 
Mr. and Mrs. Yeagle have six children: 
Cyrus, born October 15, 1871, who was 
married May i, 1894, to Pheama Tuttle, 
and lives at Toledo: John, born December 
28, 1872, a graduate of Green Spring 
Academy, and a student at Adelbert Col- 
lege, Cleveland; Irene, born April 7, 1875, 
a student at the Fremont schools; Charles, 
born April 20, 1876, also a student of 
Green Spring Academy; Michael, born 
July I, 1878. attending the Clyde High 
School, and William, born January 26, 
1 88 1. Mr. Yeagle is a fruit and grain 
farmer. He has highly improved his pro- 
ductive acres, and last year he erected one 
of the best frame residences in Green 
Creek township. He is progressive in his 
views and well-to-do. His easy financial 
situation is due to his own industry and to 
the care and management which he has 
bestowed upon his property. 

SAMUEL BOOR has pushed his 
way through the ranks of the 
many, and stands among the suc- 
cessful few, being numbered 
among the prosperous agriculturists of 
Scott township, Sandusky county. He 
is also one of the honored veterans of the 
Civil war, and a valued and progressive 

Mr. Boor was born in Bedford county, 
Penn., August 27, 1835, and when a 
child came with his parents to Sandusky 
county, the father purchasing 160 acres 

of land in Jackson township for $500. 
This he cleared, making for himself and 
family a comfortable home in which he 
spent his remaining days. He, too, was 
a native of Bedford county, born in 1799, 
and was descended from Holland ances- 
try, while his wife, who was born in i 804, 
was of French-Irish lineage. They had 
a family of ten children, namely: Josiah, 
May E., Margaret, Jane C, W." C, 
Samuel, Annie, James, S. E. , and F. 
M., eight of whom are now living. James 
entered the naval service during the 
Civil war, and died while defending his 
country. The maternal grandmother of 
our subject was born about 1766, and 
made the journey from the Keystone 
State to Ohio in a carriage, returning by 
the same conveyance. 

Mr. Boor, whose name opens this re- 
view, remained on the home farm until 
twenty-two years of age, when he made 
a trip to Kansas, at the time of the 
great slavery agitation there; but there 
was too much danger and excitment con- 
nected with life in that State, and he re- 
moved elsewhere, spending a year in the 
West. He then returned to his old home 
in Sandusky county, and after the open- 
ing of hostilities joined the boys in blue 
of Company I, Seventy-second O. V. I. 
When his three-years' term expired he 
re-enlisted, continuing at the front until 
the close of the war. He was actively 
engaged in many battles, including Shiloh, 
Corinth, Jackson, Vicksburg, Nashville 
and Mobile, and at the first named re- 
ceived a bullet wound in the right leg, 
though he fought the remainder of the 
day. The succeeding day, however, 
he was unable to walk. He was 
a loyal, faithful soldier, in whom the 
Union cause found an able defender. 

On the close of hostilities Mr. Boor 
returned to his home. On September 1 1, 
1869, he married Miss Ellen Snyder, 
who was born in 1847, daughter of 
George N. and Mary (Harmon) Snyder, 
of Scott township, Sandusky county. 



Her father is still living in Scott town- 
ship, at the advanced age of eighty-seven. 
He was born March 6, 1808, in Pennsyl- 
vania, son of Philip and Elizabeth (New- 
man) Snyder, the former of whom was 
born in 1770. In an early day George 
N. Snyder came to Sandusky county, 
and he voted at the first election held in 
Scott township, more than fifty years 
ago, ranking among the honored pioneers. 
On April 14, 1834, he wedded Mary Har- 
mon, and they had six children — one 
who died in infancy; Elizabeth; M. L. ; 
Harvey; Mary Ellen, and Sarah. The 
mother of this family died, and on June 
20, 1872, Mr. Snyder married Mrs. 
Alexander Houston, who was born De- 
cember 14, 1825. 

Upon their marriage Mr. and Mrs. 
Boor located upon the farm which has 
since been their home — originally a part 
of the farm owned by John Scott, in 
honor of whom the township was named. 
Our subject has seen the forest give way 
before the woodman's axe, the log cabin 
supplanted by the commodious dwelling 
and the ox-sled replaced by modern 
vehicles. He has aided in the general 
work of improvement and development, 
having his own farm under a high state 
of cultivation, good fences enclosing 
well-tilled fields, ample barns and out- 
buildings providing shelter for grain and 
stock, while a substantial residence, built 
in modern style of architecture and roofed 
with slate, is the pleasant home of the 
family. In addition to his extensive 
farming interests, Mr. Boor is largely 
engaged in buying and selling stock, 
frequently purchasing cattle in Chicago, 
which he fattens and ships to Buffalo. 
He has found this a profitable branch 
of his business. His career is that of 
a self-made man who has worked his 
way upward from a humble position to 
one of affluence, and he deserves great 
credit for his success in life. 

Mr. and Mrs. Boor had five chidren, 
two of whom died in infancy: Mary 

was born July 28, 1873; Jessie, born 
October 6. 1876, is successfully engaged 
in teaching in Sandusky county; J. C. , 
born January 12, 1880, is at home. 
The family occupies an enviable posi- 
tion in social circles, and the Boor house- 
hold is noted for its hospitality. Mr. 
Boor has served for several years as 
trustee of his township, and for two 
years was county commissioner of San- 
dusky county, discharging his duties 
with the same fidelity and conscientious- 
ness which characterized his military 

JACOB CRAMER, a farmer of Jack- 
son township, Sandusky county, was 
born April i, 1857, in the township 
where he now resides. His father, 
Conrad Cramer, was born November 10, 
181 1, and in 1841 married Catharine 
Miller, who was born April i, 181 8, 
daughter of Isaac Miller, of Alsace, Ger- 
many, a market gardener by occupation, 
whose other children were Barbara and 
Margaret. Our subject's grandparents 
lived and died in Hessen Cassel, Ger- 
many. His grandfather was a brewer by 
trade, and also owned and operated 100 
acres of land in Germany. 

Jacob Cramer was one of a family of 
five children: Conrad, born in 1844, 
who is a wholesale grocer of Toledo, 
Ohio, married Miss Hulda Swigart, and 
has two children — Frances and Roy; po- 
litically he is a Republican. Anna, born 
in 1846, married Henry Lance, a farmer 
of Rile}' township, and has two children — 
Frank and Myrtie; he is a member of the 
U. B. Church. Catharine, born in 1848, 
became the wife of John Hollinger, a 
dealer in agricultural implements, and a 
member of the firm of Hollinger & Pal- 
mer, of Fremont, Ohio; in politics he is a 
Democrat. Jacob is our subject. William, 
born in 1865, a farmer by occupation, 
married Miss Amanda Smith, of Jackson 
township, and their children are Walter, 



Frank and Esther; he affihates with the 
Democratic party, and is a member of the 
U. B. Church. 

Jacob Cramer remained at home with 
his parents until his twenty-first year, 
working on the farm, and saving enough 
money to buy fifty-two acres of land in 
the spring of 1882. This he sold three 
years later and bought the forty-acre lot 
where he now resides for $3,200; he has 
since that time bought fortj' acres more 
in Seneca county. His home farm is sit- 
uated eleven miles west of Fremont, and 
two miles north of Kansas, Ohio. Mr. 
Cramer is a strong Prohibitionist, and in 
religious connection is a member of the 
U. B. Church, of which he is a liberal 
supporter. On December i, 1881, he 
married Mary J. Humphrey, who was 
born December 24, 1S60, a daughter of 
Isaac and Rebecca Humphrey (deceased). 
They have two children — Cora May, born 
August 21, 1883, and Clarence}., born 
November 14, 1886. 

NELSON R. TUCKER, a prosper- 
ous farmer and extensive land- 
owner of Sandusk}' township, 
Sandusky county, was born April 
16, 1823, in Jefferson county, N. Y. The 
great ancestor of this Tucker family came 
from England to America before the Revo- 
lutionary war, and settled in Massachu- 
setts. He was a farmer. One of his 
sons, Caleb Tucker, married Miss Kate 
Billins, at Shrewsbury, Mass, where he 
afterward carried on farming. Here, ac- 
cording to the custom of the times, he 
bought a colored man-servant to assist 
him in farming, and a colored female- 
servant to help his wife about the house- 
work. They treated these slaves kindly, 
finally giving them their liberty. Caleb 
Tucker afterward bought a farm near 
Johnstown, N. Y. , where he reared a 
family of eleven children, namely: Na- 
thaniel B., Melinda, Hiram, Caleb, Katie, 

Parmelia, Henry, Harriet, Thomas, Jane 
and Ezekiel. 

Nathaniel B. Tucker was born Octo- 
ber 29, 1797, and on June 16, 1 821, mar- 
ried Miss Mary Ann Ballard, daughter of 
Rufus and Martha (Swartwout) Ballard. 
Rufus Ballard was a son of Thomas Bal- 
lard, a soldier of the Revolutionary war, 
who lived in the Mohawk Valley, Mont- 
gomery county, N. Y. , and was the own- 
er of several slaves, who worked as farm 
hands. The children of Nathaniel B. 
and Mary Ann Tucker were; Nelson R. , 
Mary. Henry and Phceba. In 1825 the 
family moved from Jefferson county, N. 
Y. , to St. Lawrence county, N. Y. , which 
was then a wilderness, and they at first 
had only one neighbor within a radius of 
eight miles. About the year 1835 they 
moved to Jefferson county, and in 1836 
again located in St. Lawrence county. 
About the year 1838 Nathaniel Tucker 
took a prospective trip west, and traded 
his fifty acres in New York for eighty acres 
in Sandusky county, Ohio, whither the 
family moved in June, 1839, proceedingto 
Sackett's Harbor, where they took boat 
for Buffalo, thence to Cleveland, thence 
to Portland (now Sandusky City), and 
thence across the country to their destina- 
tion near the mouth of ^Iuskalonge creek, 
about five miles north of Lower Sandusky, 
now Fremont. They made the trip of 
600 miles in seven days. Their money 
had dwindled down to $27 in specie, which 
Mr. Tucker now paid out for a cow and a 
barrel of flour. He found work among 
some neighbors at fifty cents per day, and 
he once took an eight-days' job of " grub- 
bing" for Mr. Thomas Holcomb for a pig 
that weighed sixty pounds. Being a 
shoemaker by trade, he soon found work 
among neighbors at cobbling, or "whip- 
ping the cat," as it was called. After 
working for Jeremiah Everett on a farm 
during the hot weather of July, Mr. Tuck- 
er and his son Nelson were taken ill with 
bilious fever, and the rest of the family 
also took sick, one after the other, with 



the same maladj\ until there was not one 
left well enough to hand the rest a drink 
of water. Kind neighbors, however, came 
to look after them until those who were 
first sick began to recover. Their first 
family doctors were L. Q. Rawson and P. 
Beaugrand. By patient endurance of pri- 
vations, self-denying sacrifices, untiring 
industry, and prudent management this 
pioneer family gradually improved their 
condition and rose to competence. 

Nathaniel Tucker was a lithe, active 
man, of medium height, with blue eyes 
and a light complexion. He was of a 
social disposition, and in his younger days 
was an expert dancer. He and his wife 
became members of the M. E. Church in 
New York State, and after settling in 
Sandusky county united with the Church 
of the United Brethren in Christ at a re- 
vival meeting held by Rev. M. Long, in 
their neighborhood, in 1840. Religious 
services were held for many years in the 
Tucker schoolhouse, which was built on 
the Tucker farm. Mr. Tucker died at 
the home of his son. Nelson R. Tucker, 
July 15, 1884, at the age of eighty-seven 
years, eight months, seventeen days, and 
was buried in Brier Hill Cemetery, near 
his old farm. His venerable wife survives 
him to cheer their grandchildren by her 
acts of kindness and her stories of pioneer 
experiences. She was a member of the 
Pioneer and Historical Society of San- 
dusky County, and at the last picnic pre- 
vious to her death took the annual ' ' bou- 
quet" given to the oldest lady pioneer 
present. She passed away September 1 9, 
1892, at the age of ninety-one years, three 
months, nineteen days. She was buried 
beside her husband. 

Nelson R. Tucker came to Sandusky 
county at the age of sixteen, and remained 
in his father's family until after he was 
married. Among his recollections of child- 
hood days is a trip he once made, at the 
age of eight, to mill on horseback, five 
miles, with a sack of wheat, returning 
with the fiour. On leaving home he 

bought eighty acres of land in Washington 
township, but finding it too stony he sold 
it and bought in Sandusky township the 
site of his present home, where he now 
owns 240 acres of fertile land, which has 
been extensively tiled. He follows gen- 
eral farming and takes pride in raising the 
best crops of grain and grass, and the 
most profitable breeds of live stock. 
During the war of the Rebellion Mr. 
Tucker was a decided Union man. In 
his earlier years he was a Democrat until 
the repeal of the Missouri Compromise, 
when he joined the Republican party; 
subsequently he became a Greenbacker, 
and more recently has cast his influence 
with the Peoples party. He was the first 
organizer of the Farmers Alliance in San- 
dusky county, where he organized thir- 
teen lodges, and he served as their lec- 
turer. He is now one of the leading 
members of the Patrons of Industry of 
Sandusky county, and in all things that 
pertain to the advancement and progress 
of his neighborhood Mr. Tucker has ever 
been in the front rank. He has been in 
advance of his time, but on account of 
his enterprise and push he has succeeded 
in bringing the community to his stand- 
ard. Through his efforts was brought 
about the construction of the Oak Harbor 
and Fremont pike, which was opposed at 
first and is now admired. 

On March 16, 1843, Nelson R. 
Tucker married Miranda Burgoon, daugh- 
ter of Peter Burgoon, one of the pio- 
neers of Sandusky county. Their chil- 
dren were: Adelia M., born July 9, 
1844, and died in infancy; Barrette, born 
October 26, 1845, and died when eleven 
months old; Martha Ann, born January 
1 7, 1 848, is unmarried, and lives on the old 
farm; Mary E., born November 26, 1851, 
married John C. Parish, now deceased, 
and had four children — Perry, Fos- 
ter C. , Boswell E., and Gouldie L. ; 
Rachel T., born November 20, 1853, 
who married Peter Klinhaunce, and had 
children as follows — Nelson, Sadie, Rod- 



ney and Bessie; Hattie, born Januar}- 14, 
1855, who married Charles Baker, and 
has one child — Glenn; Nellie Ida, born 
November 24, 1857, who married R. R. 
Strubble, and has one child — Carl; Julia, 
born December 24, 1859, who married 
D. B. Hartmann, and their children are 
— Ralph, Rollo, Roswell, Roscoe and 
Mabel; Charles G., born March 7, 1861, 
who married Minnie E. Nowlan, Decem- 
ber 6, 1883, and has had four children — 
Harry Lee, Elmer R. , Mae E., and Ada; 
Lillie v., born January 14, 1865, who 
was married April 18, 1889, to G. W. 
Strang, and has two children — Ray and 
Paul; John P., born January 16, 1867, 
who married Fannie Hartman, and lives 
on the farm. Mr. Tucker was educated 
in the district school; he is a man of fine 
appearance and large physique, and an 
ardent member of the Peoples party. 
The mother of this large family passed 
to the home beyond February 3, 1895. 
Both Mr. and Mrs. Tucker were noted 
for their generosity, kindness and charity. 
They took great pleasure in lending a 
helping hand to everybody, and especially 
to people in times of need. They suc- 
ceeded in instilling good principles in 
their children. And as they pass from 
this life the community where they have 
lived realizes that they have been bet- 
tered by their having lived in it. 

SAMUEL FOSTER, one of the 
progressive and prosperous agri- 
culturists of Washington township, 
Sandusky county, is a native of 
same, born in the village of Hessville, 
February 16, 1838, a son of John and 
Susan fRunkle) Foster. 

The parents of our subject, well-to-do 
farming people, were both born in Perry 
county, Ohio, to which State the paternal 
ancestry came from Pennsylvania, and 
the maternal from the State of Virginia. 
In Washington township. Sandusky coun- 
ty, John Foster, father of Samuel, pur- 

chased of the government 160 acres of 
timber land, and removed thither in 1832. 
This property he set to work to clear and 
improve, in course of time developing a 
fine farm. Here our subject's mother died 
in January, 1855, the father subsequently 
marrying Mrs. Catherine (Overmeyer) 
Foster, widow of his brother. John Fos- 
ter was called from earth January 30, 
18S9, at the advanced age of eighty-one 
years, a Democrat in politics, and a mem- 
ber of the Lutheran Church. He was 
one of seven children, all of whom are 
now deceased. His second wife died 
September 30, 18S8. 

Samuel Foster, whose name intro- 
duces this sketch, is one of six children: 
Christian, a farmer of Wood county, 
Ohio; Samuel; Noah, a farmer of Wash- 
ington township, Sandusky county; Em- 
anuel, now a resident of East Toledo, 
Ohio; Lucinda (Mrs. Charles Dodd), de- 
ceased; and Sophia (deceased). Our 
subject remained at home up to the age 
of twenty-one years, being the mainstay 
of his father, and as a consequence his 
education was somewhat limited. On 
leaving home he first found employment 
for eight months on the farm of J. B. 
Mugg, in Townsend township, Sandusky 
count)', then returning to the parental 
roof remained there during the winter 
months. In the following spring he moved 
to Van Wert county, this State, where he 
was employed some ten months, after 
which he again returned to Sandusky 
county and worked for his wife's parents 
(for he had in the meantime married) on 
their farm. For two years he farmed 320 
acres of land on shares, and then bought 
eighty acres in Freedom township, Wood 
county, on which he resided some si.x 
months, at the end of that time purchas- 
ing the eighty-four acres in Washington 
township whereon he now has his home, 
having built a comfortable residence, be- 
sides commodious barns and outhouses. 

On August 8, 1 86 1, Mr. Foster was 
married to Miss Mary Humberger, daugh- 



ter of Benjamin and Mary (Zartman) 
Humberger, and nine children were the 
result of this union, a brief record of them 
being as follows: Franklin A., born July 
5, 1862, is now a farmer of Jackson town- 
ship, Sandusky county; William H., born 
December 2, 1863, is a farmer near Four- 
Mile house, Sandusky county; Calista, 
born January 28, 1866, married Edward 
Snavley, of Jackson township, Sandusky 
county; Orpha A., born Februarys, 1868, 
married H. D. Jenning, a farmer in 
Michigan; Elmer, born March 20, 1870, 
is a farmer in Scott township, Sandusky 
county; Wilmer, born March 20, 1870, 
is now in the oil business in Madison 
township, Sandusky county; Adelbert, 
born November 16, 1874, is in Madison 
township, in the oil business; Grace, born 
March i, 1877, died July 27, 1887; 
Allen J., born Decembers, 1881, lives at 
home. Mr. Foster in politics is a Demo- 
crat, is a member of the school board, 
and also serves as road superintendent; 
he is identified with the Reformed Church, 
and is a good, substantial, well-known 
and honored citizen of the township in 
which he lives. 

HENRY HUGHES. Among the 
young men of Fremont who have 
worked their own way in the 
world, and by manliness, honesty 
and pluck achieved success, our subject 
takes an honorable place. He was born 
in Scott township, Sandusky county, De- 
cember 16, 1866, son of Michael and 
Catharine (ConoUy) Hughes. 

Michael Hughes was a native of Coun- 
ty Tyrone, Ireland, and came to America 
when eighteen years of age. He stopped 
in Philadelphia one summer, and then 
coming west located on a farm in Scott 
township, Sandusky Co., Ohio, in which 
township he still resides; he is now fifty 
years of age. His wife died April 2, 1892. 
They had ten children, two of whom died 
in childhood; the living are: Henry (our 

subject), Mary, Ellen, Sarah, Lillie May, 
Michael, William and George. Mr. 
Hughes is a member of the Roman Cath- 
olic Church, and in politics he is a Demo- 

Henry Hughes grew to manhood on a 
farm in Scott township, in the region of 
the Black Swamp, where he attended 
country schools until such time as he suc- 
ceeded in perfecting himself so as to be 
able to secure a certificate for teaching. 
This he obtained in 1883, and at the age 
of seventeen taught the summer term 
of the Millersville school, and for six con- 
secutive winter terms thereafter he was 
engaged for the same school. In the 
spring of 1888, at the age of twenty-one, 
he was elected assessor of Scott town- 
ship, and was re-elected the following 
spring. In the fall of 1888 he began the 
study of a special course of surveying and 
civil engineering, at the Ohio Normal 
University, Ada, Ohio, graduating with 
honor. He located in Fremont in 1890, 
and has since remained here, engaging in 
surveying and civil engineering in San- 
dusky and adjoining counties. 

On January 2, 1894, Mr. Hughes was 
married to Miss Mamie Ouilter, an esti- 
mable and accomplished lad}', who was 
born in Fremont, Ohio, daughter of Tim- 
othy M. and Mary (Reardon) Ouilter, na- 
tives of Ireland. Her father is a retired 
grocer of Fremont, Ohio. A son, Henry 
Melvin Hughes, has blessed the union of 
Mr. and Mrs. Hughes, born January 25, 
1895. Mr. Hughes was elected surveyor 
of Sandusky county in the fall of 1894, 
and in the spring of 1895 was chosen city 
civil engineer of the city of Fremont. 

spent his entire life in the locality 
which is still his home, Washing- 
ton township, Sandusky county, 
having been born there October 19, 1840. 
He is a son of Benjamin and Marj^ 
(Zartman) Humberger, who were reared 



in Perry county, Ohio. The paternal 
grandparents were residents of Lancaster 
county, Penn., and the maternal grand- 
parents also lived in the Keystone State. 
The respective families came to Ohio 
when the Indians were more numerous 
than the white settlers, and were honored 
pioneers, actively identified with the up- 
building and development of the com- 
munity in which they located. The father 
of our subject was born April 22, 1809, 
son of Peter and Mary (Snyder) Humber- 
ger, and the mother was born February 
19, 181 3, daughter of Jonathan and Bar- 
bara (Anspaugh) Zartman. Their mar- 
riage was celebrated in Perry county, 
Ohio, and in 1834 they took up their res- 
idence in Washington township, Sandusky 
county, where the father entered 160 
acres of wild government land, the deed 
for which, signed by Andrew Jackson, then 
President of the United States, is still in 
the possession of our subject. This is 
the old homestead which is still owned by 
Solomon Humberger, and which the fa- 
ther made his place of residence until his 
death, February 25, 1864. His wife sur- 
vived him a little over one year, passing 
away July 26, 1865. The family of this 
worthy couple numbered ten children, as 
follows: Melinda, widow of David Hen- 
dricks, resides in Missouri, and has ten 
children ; Margaret died at the age of four- 
teen years; Levina is the wife of Barn- 
hart Faust, of Michigan, and has ten chil- 
dren; Mary is the wife of Samuel Foster, 
a resident farmer of Washingon township 
(Mrs. Foster having part of the old home- 
stead), and has nine children; Lucinda 
became the wife of E. F. Whitney, and 
died leaving four children: Samuel, Isa- 
bella, Elizabeth and Barbara, all of whom 
died in childhood; Solomon is the subject 
proper of these lines. 

Solomon Humberger has passed all 
his life on the homestead, with the ex- 
ception of about eight weeks, when away 
on a visit. He early became familiar 
with farm work in its various departments, 

and is now a thorough-going agriculturist, 
successfully managing his business inter- 
ests and having thereby secured a com- 
fortable competence. Upon his father's 
death he bought out the interests of the 
other heirs in the old home place, and is 
now sole owner; in 1890 he erected his 
present commodious and substantial resi- 
dence. In the same year he leased his 
land to the Standard Oil Company, and 
they have sunk six wells, each of which 
produces at present twelve barrels of oil 

On March 22, 1866, Mr. Humberger 
wedded Miss Hetty A. Burkett, daughter 
of Leonard and Fannie (Cotzmeyer) Bur- 
kett. Nine children blessed this union: 
David, born January 6, 1867, who resides 
in Lindsey; Cora Ellen, born February 
8, 1868, wife of Samuel Kretzer, who is 
in the oil business in Washington town- 
ship, Sandusky county; Ira, born June 14, 
1870; Orva Allen, born October 17, 
1873; William F., born October 26, 1874; 
Rosa, born July 31, 1876, wife of Charles 
Waggner; Benjamin L. , born July 18, 
1879; George W. , born September 13, 
1880, and Cornelia L. , born July 26, 
1884. Since attaining his majority Mr. 
Humberger has been identified with the 
Democratic party, and has been honored 
with several local offices, having served 
as school director and road supervisor, 
and for nine years filled the position of 
trustee, his long-continued service well 
indicating his fidelity to duty and the 
confidence reposed in him — a confidence 
that has never been betrayed. 

DOMINICK SMITH is a worthy 
representative agriculturist of San- 
dusky county, and at the same 
time a representative of its-early 
pioneers. He was born in Wittenberg, 
Germany, July 10, 1830, son of Bern- 
hardt and Theresa (Krimm) Smith, and 
there received a liberal education in the 
German language. 



In 1854 Mr. Smith came to America, 
and wending his way to what is now Fre- 
mont, Sandusky Co., Ohio, arrived there 
about the time of the construction of the 
Lake Erie & Western railroad. It was 
in the construction of this railway that 
Mr. Smith did his first day's work in Ohio, 
arranging with the contractor for perma- 
nent employment. At the end of the first 
month of Mr. Smith's hard labor in this 
capacity the contractor had left the county, 
and our subject, as well as the other la- 
borers, received no remuneration. Pen- 
niless and in debt for his board, Mr. 
Smith made his way to the neighborhood 
in which he now resides, and engaged to 
work for a Mr. John Rearick during the 
winter for his board. In the spring work 
opened on the old jail at Fremont and also 
in the stone quarry, and here our subject 
found employment and learned the trade 
of stone-cutting, which he followed for 
about ten years. 

During this time Mr. Smith had be- 
come a warm friend of the Rearick fam- 
ily, especially the daughter, Barbara, with 
whom he was united in marriage June 10, 
1857. Mr. Smith and his estimable wife, 
by hard labor and economy, secured a 
fine home in Sandusky township, four 
miles west of Fremont, where Mrs. Smith 
departed this life on December 20, 1891, 
aged sixty-six years, five months and ten 
days. She was an affectionate wife, a 
kind and loving mother, and a lady highly 
esteemed in the community. To Mr. and 
Mrs. Smith came two sons, of whom 
Charles L., born November 22, 1859, 
was married December 25, 1888, to Miss 
Emma Hiett, and is now on the old home- 
stead, caring for his father in his declin- 
ing years. He is a highly respected citi- 
zen and one of the progressive agricultur- 
ists of his time. He has one child, a 
son, Ralph W. John Smith, born April 
3, 1 86 1, received his early literary train- 
ing in the Fremont High School under 
Prof. W. W. Ross, and completed his 
education at Kenyon College, of which 

institution he is a graduate. Since fin- 
ishing his college course Mr. Smith has 
been engaged in the teacher's profession, 
in which he is eminently successful. For 
nearly three years he was principal of the 
high school of Napoleon, Ohio, and for 
the past six or seven years has held a 
similar position at Findlay, Ohio. Prof. 
Smith is also clerk of the board of exam- 
iners at Findlay, in which capacity he is 
making his natural adaptability to his 
profession felt in the furtherance of mod- 
ern educational ideas. On September 2, 
1886, he was married to Miss Addie 
Miller, and to their union has been born 
one son, Walter. 

Bernhardt Smith, the father of our 
subject, was born in Germany in 1801, 
was a farmer by occupation and for four 
years an officer in the German army. He 
married Theresa Krimm, also a native of 
Germany, and to them were born the fol- 
lowing named children: Dominick, Amos, 
John, Bernhardt, Philip, Francis, Sardis, 
Theresa, Amelia, and Edith. Dominick 
Smith is a Republican in politics, is an 
active member of the M. E. Church, as 
was also his wife, and the entire family are 
noted in the neighborhood in which they 
live for intellectuality and respectability. 
Mr. Smith came to America penniless, 
but by honest industry and strict integrity 
he has accumulated a nice property and 
gained the confidence of all who know 
him. His success is meritorious, and in 
language stronger than pen can express 
shows the true make-up of the man. 

JOHN DYMOND, who, as a soldier 
on the Union side in the war of the 
Rebellion, was one of the "boys of 
'61," is well and favorably known in 
Green Creek and other neighboring town- 
ships, as well as in York township, San- 
dusky county, which is at present his 
home. He is a son of William Dymond, 
and was born in Devonshire, England, 
December 25, 1842. 



William Dymond was born in Devon- 
shire, England, in 1807. He worked at 
his trade, which was that of a mason, 
both before and after coming to America. 
In 185 1 he crossed the stormy Atlantic 
and cast his fortunes in this "land of the 
free," which his son John showed by his 
courageous deeds a few years later is the 
"home of the brave." He first located 
at Bellevue, Huron county, his family 
coming one year later. Being of a roving 
disposition, he went to Illinois in 1S54, 
locating in Rockford, where he remained 
but one 3'ear, returning to Bellevue, pre- 
ferring to live among the peaceful settlers 
of Ohio rather than in the crude Western 
society of nearly forty years ago. 

In his boyhood John Dymond received 
a common-school education, and he was 
but little past nineteen when, on August 
16, 1 86 1 , he enlisted in Company F, Forty- 
ninth O. V. I. After serving for thirteen 
months, during which time he was in the 
battles of Munfordville, December 17, 
1 86 1, and Shiloh, April 7, 1862, at which 
latter place half of his knife was shot out 
of his pocket. He was discharged for dis- 
ability, and on recovering his health he 
re-enlisted, August 17, 1863, in Company 
B, First Ohio Volunteer Heavy Artillery. 
He served until the close of the war, and 
was mustered out July 25, 1865. In the 
fall of 1867 John Dymond was united in 
marriage with Miss Sarah Cupp, who was 
born in York township January 31, 1849, 
and they had six children, four of whom 
are now living, namely: William E., an 
employe of the Nickel Plate road at Colby, 
Sandusky county; John V., who is at 
home; Ada M., wife of Frank Tea, of 
York township; and Essy M., at present 
living with her grandparents in Kansas. 
After his marriage Mr. Dymond farmed 
in York township for severe! years, and 
then in February, 1878, moved to Kansas, 
where the death of Mrs. Dymond occurred 
in September of that year. Later the be- 
reaved family returned to Ohio. 

On May 4, 1880, John Dymond was 

again married, this time to Mrs. Sophia 
Douglas, and they have had four children, 
as follows: Edward C. , born April 26, 
1 881; Louis H., August 30, 1882; Ezra 
E., June 27, 1884, and Mary E. , Feb- 
ruary 23, 1888. Mrs. Dymond is a 
daughter of Daniel and Ruth Jones, and 
was born August 16, 1847, her maiden 
name being Sophia Jones. Mr. Jones is 
now eighty-two years old, and is living 
with his daughter, Mrs. Jones being dead. 
Sophia Jones was united in marriage with 
William Douglas on March 28, 1867, and 
their children were: EmmaT. , wife of 
William Lawrey, of Green Creek town- 
ship; Lottie R. , wife of William Spitler, 
of Tiffin, Seneca county; and Alvin and 
Celia at home. Mr. Douglas died Jan- 
uary 2, 1877, and in 1880 his widow mar- 
ried Mr. Dymond. 

Mr. Dymond cast his first vote for 
Lincoln, then he embraced Democratic 
principles, and for years cast his ballot 
for the candidates he preferred, and ex- 
pounded Jeffersonian doctrines; but within 
the past few years he, like many others, 
has lost faith in the old parties, and joined 
the party of radical reform, the People's 
party. Mr. and Mrs. Dymond are both 
members of the conservative wing of the 
United Brethren Church. 

known resident of Benton town- 
ship, Ottawa county, where since 
1 89 1 he has been engaged in the 
insurance business, was born in Lorain 
county, Ohio, June 23, 183 i, son of James 
and Eliza (Haywood) Teachout. 

The grandfather of our subject was a 
native of Scotland. His father, James 
Teachout, a minister of the Gospel, was 
born about 1780, and the mother in 1800, 
both in New York State. The father had, 
by long illness, become somewhat unbal- 
anced mentally, and on hearing that his 
son was very sick he left the house and 
was afterward found on the beach of Lake 



Erie; it is supposed the news of his son's 
severe illness so overcame him that pro- 
bably he accidentally tell into the lake. 
The mother died in 1S36. The father's 
health being poor at the time of the 
mother's death, it became necessary for 
him to break up housekeeping, and put 
the children out. Mr. Teachout, our 
subject, being next to the youngest child, 
was thus at the age of five years put 
out among strangers to find a home. His 
advantages for an education were very 
limited, it being necessary for him to 
work early in life. However, he was de- 
termined to secure a liberal education, to 
acquire which he worked by the month 
on farms during the summer to clothe 
himself, and in winter worked for his 
board in order that he might attend the 
district school. "Where there's a will 
there's a way." 

At the age of eighteen he went into 
the " Weedle Hotel," in Cleveland, re- 
maining there one year, and then for six 
months worked in the ' ' Forest City 
House," also in Cleveland, going thence to 
Buffalo, where he was employed in a res- 
taurant a few months. He then shipped 
on a steamer running between Chicago 
and Buffalo, on which he spent the sea- 
son, and, later, was porter in the " Lake 
House," at Sandusky about a year. 
Thence removing to Columbus, he con- 
tinued the same line of business some 
three years, or until 1856, in the " Neal 
House," when he again commenced farm- 
ing. After working by the month for 
two summers, he rented a farm which he 
worked tno years. 

In 1863 Mr. Teachout enlisted in Com- 
pany G, One Hundred and Twenty-third 
O. V. I., and served until the end of the 
war, participating in the battles of New- 
market, Mount Crawford, Lynchburg and 
Cedar Creek, and in other engagements. 
He was also in hospital five months. On 
the retreat from the battle at Lynchburg, 
two hundred miles, he with the remainder 
of his company was without rations for 

four days, the only nourishment being 
coffee; when the provision wagon came 
the soldiers did not stop to cook their 
meat, but eat it raw along with their 
hard-tack. After his honorable discharge. 
May 13, 1865, Mr. Teachout returned to 
Ohio, and in Sandusky opened a restau- 
rant, which at the end of one year he sold 
out, moving to Oak Harbor, Ottawa 
county, where for some time he was em- 
ployed in getting out axe-helve timber. 
In the spring of 1867 the whole family 
were taken sick with fever and ague, which 
made it impossible for them to do any- 
thing for nearly a year, and when able to 
renew work Mr. Teachout found employ- 
ment in the sawmill of Doolittle & Co., 
with whom he remained until 1868, when 
he engaged in the manufacture of flat 
barrel hoops. This business he carried 
on some fifteen years, in 1883 building a 
shop of his own; but in 1891, the timber 
having become very, scarce, he abandoned 
the business and commenced handling in- 
surance (fire and tornado), in which line 
he has since continued with gratifying 

On May 15, 1853, Mr. Teachout was 
married to Miss Julia McAul, of Sandusky, 
Ohio, and to their union came two chil- 
dren: Mary Ann, born March 18, 1854, 
died May 10, 1854, and Albert, born July 
8, 1858. On May 14, i860, the mother 
of these died, her malady being consump- 
tion of the bowels, and is buried in San- 
dusky city. After her death Mr. Teach- 
out continued to work on farms for two 
years, and in the meantime, on June 22, 
1 86 1, he was wedded to Miss Sarah Mc- 
Namara, of Cleveland, Ohio. By this 
marriage there were nine children, six of 
whom are living, their names and dates 
of birth being as follows: Cornelius 
Walter, October 1 8, 1 862 ; Delia May, Feb- 
ruary 16, 1866; Silas William, June 4, 
1868; Lillie Maud, May 3, 1873; Myron 
W., April 2, 1876, and Harvey S., Feb- 
ruary 14, 1878. On July 17, 1 88 1, Mr. 
Teachout's second wife died, and Sep- 


tember 50, same year, her eldest daugh- 
ter passed awa)'; they were buried in 
Benton township cemetery. On October 
28, 1884, Mr. Teachout wedded, for his 
third spouse. Miss Elizabetli Gilbert, of 
England. This union has been blessed 
by one child. Mr. Teachout is therefore 
the father of twelve children, eight of 
whom are living. His eldest son, Albert, 
has, during the past ten years, been en- 
gaged in the barrel stave business in Lucas 
county, Ohio. Another son, Myron W., 
now nineteen years of age, is one of the 
promising teachers of Ottawa county. 
He is full of perseverance and determin- 
ation to make a success of anything he 
undertakes. He has the pleasant faculty 
of winning friends wherever he goes, and 
has the good-will and love of all his pupils, 
without which no teacher can expect suc- 

OnFebruary25, 1877, Silas M. Teach- 
out became a member of the First Presby- 
terian Church of Graytown, Ottawa Co., 
Ohio; on September 11, 1877, he was 
chosen and ordained ruling elder of that 
Church, since which time he has been a 
consistent Christian, and a large share of 
the time he has been a faithful worker for 
Christ in the Sabbath-school and other 
Christian work. 

J MARION HAWK. Most .soldiers of 
the great Civil war look back upon 
their army experiences with fond 
memories. There were thrilling ad- 
ventures, imminent dangers, deeds of 
heroism, hair-breadth escapes, that rise 
in their recollections like living pictures, 
and too often, to look on the other side, 
scenes of sadness and distressing death. 
It is doubtful if there is in Sandusky coun- 
ty a surviving soldier of the war whose 
career during the momentous struggle was 
more thrilling than that of ]. Marion 
Hawk, now a leading farmer and citizen 
of Green Creek, his native township. 

He was born March 31, 1845, and is 

the son of Joseph and Sarah (Tillotson) 
Hawk, the former of whom was born in 
Pickaway county, Ohio, in 18 14. His 
father, Conrad Hawk, a native of Penn- 
sylvania, was an early pioneer of Pick- 
away' county, later, about 1824, settling 
with his family in Green Creek township, 
Sandusky county. Joseph was about ten 
years old when he came to Green Creek 
township, and he was a lifelong citizen 
there, dying in 1889. He was twice mar- 
ried, first time to Sarah Jane Tillotson, by 
whom he had four children: William, who 
died in Michigan; Maria, who married 
Joseph King, and died in Green Creek 
township; Elizabeth, wife of Henry 
Baker, of Green Creek township; and J. 
Marion, subject of this sketch. The 
second wife of Joseph Hawk was Martha 
Harris, by whom he had the following 
eight children: Sarah, wife of H. G. Gib- 
bons, of Clyde; Alva; Mary, wife of B. 
Snyder, of Fremont; Charles and Ida 
(twins), the former a resident of Oregon, 
the latter the wife of S. Sherwood, of 
Fremont; Byron; Anna, wife of Cyrus 
Harnden, of Clyde; and Etta, wife of 
Cyrus Kessler, of Cleveland. The mother 
of this family is still living. 

J. Marion Hawk, usually ifnown as 
Marion, was reared on the farm, and dur- 
ing his boyhood attended the district 
schools. He was barely sixteen when 
Fort Sumter was fired upon, and between 
impetuous patriotism for his country's 
flag, and the love of excitement, he was 
eager to enlist, but his father frowned 
upon his wishes. Yielding to his impulses, 
in the fall of 1861, Marion ran away from 
home and enlisted in Company D, of the 
gallant Third Cavalry Volunteers. He 
remained with the regiment for three 
years and nine months, during which long 
period the history of the regiment was his 
history. It was in constant and perilous ser- 
vice throughout Tennessee, Alabama and 
Georgia. While on his way home in the 
fall of 1864 he and a number of comrades 
were taken prisoners at Columbia, Tenn. 

/ ^ 





They were escorted to a prison atCahaba, 
Ala., and thence were transferred to the 
stockade at Macon, Ga. , where they re- 
mained two months. While here he, with 
a few companions, attempted an escape. 
They had tunneled over lOO feet, and 
were ahnost ready to escape, when a Con- 
federate officer noticed the string attached 
to a small pan used in drawing out the 
dirt, and pulled. The prisoner in the 
tunnel, thinking it was a companion, cried 
out: "No, wait; it is not full yet." "You 
had better come out," drawled the officer, 
and the countenance of the grimy tunneler 
fell when he emerged and beheld the grey 
coat. All the work had been in vain. 

When removed from the Macon 
stockade to a train, Mr. Hawk and sev- 
eral others felt that the dreaded Ander- 
sonville was their destination, so eight of 
them resolved to escape. They were in 
a stock car, near the front end of the 
train, and surrounded by three guards, 
but knocking down the guards they 
jumped from the swiftly moving train. A 
Rebel guard on a following car aimed his 
musket at Mr. Hawk, but, noticing the 
gray jacket which he wore, and which he 
had traded for as a protection in a pos- 
sible emergency like this, the guard re- 
frained from shooting. The train passed 
by and the eight prisoners made the best 
of their newly-found liberty. They 
tramped through tangled swamp and mire 
until nearly sunset, when the ominous 
blast of a horn told them that the South- 
erners were in pursuit. They separated, 
five starting one way, three another. 
Mr. Hawk and his two companions 
reached the edge of a swamp. Beyond, 
the water was deep, and the bajdng of 
the bloodhounds grew louder. Recap- 
ture was certain, and to climb trees was 
the only means of safety against the dogs. 
The two companions climbed trees upon 
the dry land, but Mr. Hawk, to give the 
"Johnnies" all the trouble possible, 
waded a long distance into the swamp, 
till it was waist deep, then climbed a tree 

himself. This was February 2, 1865, 
and the weather was raw and chilly. He 
heard the " Rebs " arrive, and take away 
the two companions. After dark he de- 
scended, waded ashore and tramped on 
alone quite a distance, when a light ap- 
peared. Approaching, for he was hungry 
and tired, and ready to meet any human 
being, he found on investigation that the 
light was in a negro shanty. Gaining ad- 
mission, he was asked if he was one of 
the escaped Yankees whom the Confed- 
erates were pursuing with bloodhounds, 
and he admitted that he was. The col- 
ored man fed him, and assured him that 
if he would take dirt from a grave and rub 
it on his feet and clothes the scent of the 
bloodhounds would be destroyed. They 
urged him to take the precaution, and 
two darkeys procured some of the magic 
mold. Though skeptical, he tried the 
charm, and somewhat refreshed con- 
tinued on his weary journey north- 
ward all that night, and until three 
o'clock the next day, when the bay- 
ing of hounds and the blast of horns in- 
formed him that relentless pursuers were 
on his track. He was then in an open, 
rolling country, and knew that further 
flight was useless. Selecting a scrub oak, 
large enough to bear his weight and keep 
him beyond the fangs of the hounds, he 
climbed the tree and awaited the inev- 
itable. Soon the bloodhounds were leap- 
ing, and howling, and gnawing at the 
base of the tree. Their howls were hid- 
eous and deafening. Three elderly men 
appeared on hoi^seback and requested 
him to descend. He complied, where- 
upon the dogs became uncontrollable and 
Mr. Hawk quickly regained his lofty 
perch. The old gentlemen finally si- 
lenced the hounds, and the escaped pris- 
oner frankly admitted his identity. Upon 
the return journey he was permitted to 
ride each of two horses alternately, but 
not the third, which was a superior ani- 
mal, and Mr. Hawk thus lost an oppor- 
tunity to make another break for liberty, 


for he had resolved to risk the shotguns 
of the old men if once mounted on the 
fast horse. But though each of the three 
old gentlemen walked alternately they 
kept the best horse to themselves. Stop- 
ping at night at a farmhouse, A'Jr. Hawk 
was left without a guard; but the blood- 
hounds, let loose outside, deterred him 
from attempting to escape. 

Mr. Hawk was forthwith sent to An- 
dersonville, and there met his seven late 
companions, all of whom had preceded 
him. He saw the notorious Capt. Wirz, 
and was imprisoned there about two 
months. Luckily Mr. Hawk did not fare so 
badl}- as many of his compatriots. He 
and four other prisoners had a tent and kept 
a peanut stand; also bought corn meal 
from the Rebel guards and sold it to the 
prisoners. At the end of two months he 
had $6 in greenbacks and about $600 in 
Confederate money. Prisoners were 
being exchanged every few days, and the 
Rebel officials were compelling the prison- 
ers to pa}' for the privilege of being placed 
on the exchange list. By giving up all 
their money and other effects Mr. Hawk 
and his companions finally got out. They 
were placed on a cattle car and sent to 
Vicksburg, where they were exchanged. 
Here, with about twenty-two hundred other 
passengers, mostly Union soldiers, but in- 
cluding a few Confederates and a few 
women, he boarded the ill-fated "Sul- 
tana." The history of that steamer is 
well known. It blew up about eight miles 
above Memphis, April 27, 1865, and over 
seventeen hundred passengers were lost. 
Mr. Hawk was on top of the boat near 
the pilot house when the explosion oc- 
curred. Putting on his clothes he rolled 
up his blankets, and looking around for 
some means of escape he saw a stateroom 
door lying loose, and took possession. 
The scene was horrible beyond descrip- 
tion. There were mangled dead and 
dying lying about, and hundreds were 
wailing, who must choose between a death 
by fire or water. Watching his oppor- 

tunity Mr. Hawk shoved off with his door. 
He swam bravely for a while, but was 
seized with cramps in his legs, and got 
badly tangled in the vines and debris of 
the river drift. Finally reaching shore he 
made his way northward, and was hon- 
orably discharged from service May 15, 

He returned to his father's farm, and 
was married, in 1S70, to Miss Mary A. 
Bower, who was born in Sandusky City 
March 21, 1850. Her parents were na- 
tives of Baden, Germany. Mr. and Mrs. 
Hawk have three children: Franklin M., 
born August 6, 1873; Irma G., born Au- 
gust 10, 1876; and Ruth E., born June 
7, 1885. Mr. Hawk owns 104 acres of 
good land, and is decidedly one of the 
best farmers in his township. He is tall 
of stature, well informed, and socially, a 
leader. In politics he is a Democrat. He 
is a prominent member and now chancellor 
commander of the K. of P., and is also 
past colonel of the U. V. U. 

A J. CASTLE, one of the substan- 
tial farmers of York township, 
Sandusky county, has won ad- 
miration b}' his sure and steady 
rise to comfort, possesses unquestioned 
integrity, and has acquired a modest 
competency by his own unaided efforts. 
He was born in Erie county December 
26, 1 84 1, a son of John and Rhoda (Mc- 
Gill) Castle. 

John Castle, the father, was born in 
Lycoming county, Penn., in 1800, son of 
David Castle, of Scotch-Irish extraction. 
When a young man John Castle migrated 
to Groton township, Erie county. Here 
he married Rhoda McGill, who was born 
in Groton township in 1813, of New Eng- 
land parentage. John Castle in 1852 re- 
moved to Thompson township, Seneca 
county, and four years later he came to 
York township, Sandusky county, where 
he lived until his death in 1867. He was 
a man of tall stature and hardy constitu- 



tion, and had been sick less than two 
days when he died. He threshed the day 
he became ill and died during the follow- 
ing night. In politics John Castle was a 
Republican. In early life he was a mem- 
ber of the M. E. Church, but later he be- 
came connected with the U. B. Society 
near his home. His wife survived until 

A. J. Castle, the subject of this sketch, 
remained with his father, attending the 
common schools, until he was eighteen. 
He then began farm work by the month 
until August 22, 1862, when he enlisted 
in Company B, One Hundred and Twenty- 
third O. V. I. The regiment was as- 
signed to the Eighth Corps in West Vir- 
ginia, and served three years. Mr. Castle 
participated in the battles of Winchester 
(Va.), Newmarket, Piedmont, Lynch- 
burg, Snicker's Ford, Berryville, Fisher's 
Hill, Cedar Creek, High Bridge and 
others. He saw Gen. Sheridan on his 
famous ride to Winchester, Va. ; was 
mustered out in June, 1865, returned 
home and resumed farming, working also 
in a sawmill. Including his military serv- 
ice, Mr. Castle worked for sixteen years 
for monthly wages. 

In 1880 he was married to Miss Alice 
Moyer, who was born in Sandusky county 
October 14, 1856, daughter of Samuel 
and Eve (Kline) Moyer, both natives of 
Union county, Penn. The father, who 
was of German ancestry, was born in 
1804, the mother in 1810. They married 
in Pennsylvania, and about 1853 migrated 
to York township, Sandusky county. 
Later Samuel Moyer removed to Michi- 
gan, where he died in 1876; his wife after 
lived in Kansas, whence she returned in 
May, 1895; a few weeks later she was 
stricken with paralysis, and died at the 
home of Albert Streeter August 2, 1895. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Castle four children 
have been born: Mabel, Carmi, John 
and Rhoda. After his marriage Mr. Cas- 
tle rented a farm and continued to till the 
land of others until three years ago, when 

he purchased a fertile farm of forty-three 
acres. He is engaged in general farming 
and in raising vegetables, especially cab- 
bages. In politics he is a Republican. 
His wife is a member of the U. B. Church. 
Mr. Castle was in 1894 elected trustee 
of the township. He has many friends, 
and bears the reputation of being an un- 
usually successful farmer. 

nent and substantial farmer of 
Woodville township, Sandusky 
county, is a native of that 
county, born February 3, 1855, and is a 
son of Louis and Anne (Hinnes) Walters. 
Louis \\'alters was born in Witten- 
berg, Gerrhany, in 1809, received his 
education in his native town, and en- 
gaged in farming. When but a young 
man he came to the United States, lo- 
cating first in Virginia, where he drove 
teams for a livelihood. In Wheeling, Va., 
on February 12, 1834, Louis Walters 
married Anne Hinnes, who was born in 
Hanover, Germany, and they had the 
following children: Rosina, born in Febru- 
ary, 1836, wife of Edward Switzkeble, 
a farmer of Michigan; John, born in 
1838, and died in Libby prison during 
the Civil war; Louis, born in 1840, now 
a farmer in. Michigan; Peter, born in 
1842, who also resides in Michigan; 
Rebecca, born in 1844, wife of Henry 
Clockems, of Michigan; Wesley, born 
February 14, 1853, and burned to death 
in the fire on the homestead, in 1894; 
David, a farmer; George, the subject of 
this sketch; and Mary, born August 11, 
1 8 58, now the wife of Albert Windier, a 
farmer of Ohio. 

Louis Walters remained in Virginia 
three years, and after his marriage came 
to Sandusky county, Ohio, where he 
bought eighty acres of land, all in tim- 
ber, and inhabited by wolves, deer, and 
other denizens of the forest. Having 



built a log cabin for himself and family, 
when there were only two other settlers 
in the neighborhood, he went to work 
with a stout and willing heart to make a 
farm from the wilderness. The trees 
soon gave way before the axe in the 
the hands of the hardy woodman, and 
the stumps and gnarled and interlacing 
roots of the forest monarchs were sup- 
planted in a short time by stalks of 
corn and waving fields of wheat. While 
the summer sun was still high in the 
heavens he garnered the golden grain, 
and when the leaves took on the brilliant 
hues of the declining year he threshed 
out, with swinging flail, the myriads of 
kernels, the bounty of the harvest. And 
this he bore for many miles, on bended 
back, with toiling feet, to the mill that 
ground for those who brought, and then 
returned, while autumn winds sighed 
through the woodland, sometimes when 
wintry blasts blew keen and chill. And 
thus bread was provided for himself and 
family. Many were the hardships he 
endured while laboring to make a 
farm and home for his family. There 
were no roads or ditches, and he 
often had to wade through the water 
that stood in places on his land. But 
from year to year the good work was 
continued, with ever-increasing facilities, 
until the eighty acres were cleared, and 
most of the superfluous vyater drained 
off with suitable ditching. He erected a 
good dwelling house, built a barn and 
outhouses, planted a fine orchard and 
made various other improvements, event- 
ually finding himself the possessor of one 
of the finest and best cultivated farms in 
the township of Woodville. Mr. Walters 
Was a stanch Republican, and always 
took a deep interest in the political affairs 
and school matters of the township. He 
died on the homestead in July, 1893, at 
the ripe age of eighty-four years, 
lamented by a large circle of friends, 
and by his sorrowing wife and family. 
His widow, who is still living, resides 

with her son David, who is caring for her 
in her old age. 

George Walters attended school in 
Woodville township, worked with his 
brothers on his father's farm, helped to 
clear the homestead, ditch the land, 
plant the orchard, and in the general 
routine of daily toil. His father divided 
the farm between him and one of his 
brothers, and he attended to its culti- 
vation and built a very fine dwelling 
house. In 1894 this was destroyed by a 
fire, in which he lost all his household 
effects, and, saddest of all, his brother 
was burned to death. The property 
lost was valued at over $3,000, but 
there was an insurance of $2,000. Mr. 
Walters is now constructing a fine dwell- 
ing house on the ruins of his old home, 
at a cost of $2,400, and when completed 
it will be one of the finest in the town- 

On December 29, 1882, George Wal- 
ters was united in marriage with Helen 
Nuhfer, daughter of Anthony Nuhfer, 
and they have had two children: Frank, 
born September 29, 1883; and Carroll, 
born February 27, 1891. Mr. Walters 
has two oil wells on his farm, which is 
one of the best cultivated in the neigh- 
borhood. He is an industrious, hard- 
working man, an enterprising citizen, 
is much respected, and has many friends. 

JOSEPH JORDAN is highly respected 
as one of the most industrious and 
prosperous citizens of York town- 
ship, Sandusky county. It is the 
theory of Mr. Jordan that if each mem- 
ber of society will carefully attend to his 
own affairs, the great body politic will 
fare well. He thinks that human char- 
acter in the main is sound and honest, 
and therefore does not need officious in- 
spection. Acting on this opinion and be- 
lief he has assiduously applied himself to 
the work that lay before him, and the re- 
sults have been gratifying to himself and 



a source of commendation for his many 

Mr. Jordan was born in Thompson 
township, Seneca county, in September, 
1835, son of Adam and Sophia Jordan. 
Adam Jordan was born in Union county, 
Penn., in 1807, and his father, who was 
of French ancestry, was a native of the 
same county. The grandfather Hved to 
the age of only forty, but the grand- 
mother attained the ripe old age of ninety- 
seven years. About 1836 Adam Jordan 
migrated with his family from Pennsyl- 
vania to Thompson township, Seneca 
county, and later he came to York town- 
ship, Sandusky county; he was a member 
of the Lutheran Church, and died in 1862. 
His wife, who was born in 1817, lived 
until 1 869. Their children were as fol- 
lows: Sarah, wife of U. Weaver, of 
Lucas county; Martin, also of Lucas 
county; Lucy (now the widow of John 
McCauley), of Bellevue; Joseph, subject 
of this sketch; Mary Ann, unmarried, liv- 
ing on the old homestead; George W. , 
who also lives on the old homestead; 
Hannah, a maiden lady; James, of Belle- 
vue; and John, who died aged twenty-six 

Joseph Jordan grew up in York town- 
ship, and in his youth worked on the 
home farm. He also thoroughly learned 
the trade of brick burning, and followed 
that occupation some eighteen or twenty 
years in Sandusky county, part of the 
time at Fremont. Mr. J.ordan is in a 
great measure self-educated. In 1858 he 
was married at the age of twenty-three 
years to Miss Hannah Gamby, who was 
born in Huron county in 1836,, and six 
children have been born to them: Adam, 
Samuel, Alice, Clara, Minerva and Irvin. 
Of these, Adam married Susan Spriggs, 
and lives on an adjoining farm (he has one 
child — Carmi); Samuel died at the age of 
twenty-seven years; Alice is also deceased; 
Clara is the wife of George Parker; Mi- 
nerva is at home; Irvin is married to Miss 
Gertrude Diment. Mr. Jordan after his 

marriage lived for a time in Green Creek 
township, then purchased his present 
farm of 104 acres in York township, and 
has lived there twenty-one years. He is 
a member of the Patrons of Husbandry, 
and in local politics he votes rather for 
the man than for the party. 

ANDREW PFEIFER, a prominent 
farmer of Green Creek township, 
Sandusky county, was born in 
Hesse, Germany, December 11, 
1856, a grandson of Andrew Pfeifer, and 
son of Conrad Pfeifer and Elizabeth 
(Simon) Pfeifer. Conrad Pfeifer was 
born in Hesse, and was by occupation a 
railroad man. He was killed by acci- 
dent, at his employment, at about the 
age of fifty. Mrs. Elizabeth (Simon) 
Pfeifer was born in the same locality, 
and died in Germany at the age of sixty. 
She was the mother of six children: 
Adam, who now lives in Germany, and 
is a railroad man; Henry, a farmer in 
Fulton county, Ohio; Catharine, who 
married Fred Schaffer, and now resides in 
Huron county, near Norwalk; Andrew, 
the subject proper of this sketch; and 
Elizabeth and Conrad (twins), the latter 
of whom was drowned when thirteen 
years of age. 

Andrew Pfeifer came to America at 
about fifteen years of age, landing at 
New York City, whence he proceeded di- 
rectly to Sandusky City, Ohio, where he 
found employment as a laborer on a 
farm, at which he continued six years. 
Having judiciously saved his earnings, he 
rented a farm, purchased the necessary 
equipments, and commenced doing bus- 
iness for himself. He farmed in Erie 
county about nine years. In 1881 he 
married Miss Katie Strack, who was born 
in Germany January 6, 1853, a daughter 
of Philip Jacob and Marguerite (Gross) 
Strack, the former of whom was a laborer 
in Germany, and died at the age of sixty- 
eight; the latter, now eighty years of 


age, resides at Sandusky City. Six of 
their children grew to maturity: Philip, 
who lives at Sandusky City; a daughter 
who married William Gross, of Bellevue; 
William, living in Sandusky City, Chris- 
tian, of the same place; Margaret, who 
married a Mr. Wise, and lives in Belle- 
vue: and Katie, wife of our subject. 

The names and dates of birth of the 
children born to Andrew and Katie 
Pfeifer are as follows: Katie M., Oc- 
tober 21, 1883; Henry E., May 9, 1885; 
Frederick A., April 6, 1887, George A., 
December 15, 1888; Charles A., April 
14, 1 891; and William J., March 29, 
1S94. The two eldest were born in Ox- 
ford township, Erie Co., Ohio, the others 
in Green Creek township, Sandusky 

In 1887 Mr. Pfeifer purchased 160 
acres of land in Green Creek township, 
near Green Spring, which he has worked 
to good advantage up to the present 
time. With a farm of more than the 
average in size and fertility, rendered 
still more productive by careful cultiva- 
tion, Mr. Pfeifer bids fair to become one 
of the most substantial men in his com- 
munity. Mr. and Mrs. Pfeifer are mem- 
bers of the Lutheran Church, and for peo- 
ple of their years, having the greatest 
portion of life still before them, they have 
been unusually successful. 

EDWARD JESCHKE was born in 
Pomerania, Germany, May 25, 
1858, and is a son of August and 
Augusta (Runje) Jeschke, both of 
whom were born in Germany, and came 
to America in August, 1874. 

August Jeschke, although quite old, 
still follows his trade of blacksmith, and 
does an amount of work every day that 
many a younger man might emulate. 
Charles, born January 24, 1846, and Ed- 
ward, the subject of this sketch, are the 
only ones remaining of the five children 

of Mr. and Mrs. August Jeschke, who 
are at present living with their son Charles. 
Edward Jeschke received a common- 
school education in his native land, which 
he left for the United States in the spring 
of 1873. Coming at once to Townsend 
township, Sandusky county, which is still 
his home, he worked at the blacksmith's 
trade for several years. He then opened 
a store and saloon in \'ickery, Townsend 
township, which he continued until "local 
option " was carried in the township, pro- 
hibiting the sale of intoxicating liquors. 
In November, 1S79, he was united in 
marriage with Miss Bena Mapus, who was 
born March 28, 1861. Of their nine 
children, seven are still living, their names 
and dates of birth being as follows: Mary, 
July 6, 1 881; Hannah, October 23, 1883; 
Fred, April 17, 1885: Pearl, June i, 1887; 
August, December 14, 18S8; Charles, 
November 12, 1890; and John, January 
30, I S94, all living at home. Mr. Jeschke 
now represents the Stang Brewing Co. , 
of Sandusky county, at Gibsonburg. In 
politics he is an ardent believer in and 
defender of the Democratic doctrine. 

DANIEL I. GARN, a citizen of Fre- 
mont, Sandusky county, was born 
in Union township, Bedford Co., 
Penn., March 31, 1844. His 
father. Christian Garn, was born February 
13, 1799, in the same locality, and, in the 
fall of 1826, married Catherine, daughter 
of Henry Ickes, a native of the Keystone 

Our subject was one of a family of ten 
children: (i) Catherine, born April 6, 

1828, who married Solomon Mauk, and 
their children were — George, Louisa, 
Christian, Joseph, Hannah, Jane, Will- 
iam, Frank and Annie; politicall}' the sons 
were Democrats, and in religious affiliation 
the family were members of the Reformed 
Church. (2) Susan, born in October, 

1829, married to Edward Conrad, a 
mason by trade, who was a member of 



the Reformed Church, and in poHtics a 
Democrat; they had children as follows — 
Elizabeth, John, George, Joseph, Daniel, 
Abner, Edward, Mary and Levi. (3) Mar- 
garet, born October i, 1831, married 
Adam Briggle, a farmer, member of the 
Reformed Church; the result of their 
union was children as follows — Hannah 
and Daniel. (4) John I. was born October 
27. 1833, probate judge of Sandusky coun- 
ty, Ohio, in politics a Republican, and a 
member of the Evangelical Association; 
the names of his children are: Jane, 
Hannah, Delilah, Mary, Catherine, Minnie 
and John C. (5) Jacob died in childhood. 
(6) George, born 1S38, a farmer in Jack- 
son township, married Elizabeth Walters, 
and they had two children — William and 
Emma; he was a member of the Evangel- 
ical Association, and in politics was a 
Democrat. (7) Hannah, born February 
27,1841, married John Kisaberts, a farmer 
of Seneca county, Ohio; he was a mem- 
ber of the Evangelical Association, polit- 
ically a Republican. (8) Daniel!., sub- 
ject of this sketch; and two that died in 

Daniel I. Garn grew to manhood in 
the State of Pennsylvania, and at the age 
of twenty years was drafted into the mili- 
tary service of the United States, in the 
war of the Rebellion, serving in Company 
G, Ninety-first Pennsylvania Infantry, 
Army of the Potomac. He went to Cham- 
bersburg, then on to Richmond, Va. He 
was in the Weldon Railroad raid, and 
helped destroy the track, so as to cut off 
connection with Nashville, Tenn. Being 
taken sick there with fever, he was sent 
to City Point Hospital, and later to Wash- 
ington, D. C, where he lay from Febru- 
ary 28 until May 10, when he returned 
home. He was in Washington Citj' at 
the time President Lincoln was shot, April 
14, 1865. After his return from the war, 
Mr. Garn worked at the cooper trade 
twelve years, carried on farming for his 
father seven years, then came to Ohio 
and settled in Scott township, where he 

remained five years, thence moving to 
Jackson township, where he resided live 
years. He is now a resident of Fremont, 
Ohio. He is a Republican in politics, 
and is identified with the Reformed 
Church. In 1892 he was elected justice 
of the peace, and has held other offices in 
his township. 

On July 29, 1866, Mr. Garn married 
Miss Virginia Griffith, who was born April 
23, 1842, a daughter of William and Sarah 
Griffith, natives of Pennsylvania, and 
their children are: (i) Lilian Grace, born 
May 9, 1 867, married Henry Ickes, a black- 
smith in Cambria county, Penn. ; he is a 
Republican in politics, and is a member 
of the Lutheran Church; they have three 
children — Charles, Bruce and Ralph. (2) 
Charles H., born August 27, 1S69, living 
at home; in politics he is a Republican. 
(3) Harry E-, born March 9, is a law 
student, and affiliates with the Republican 
party. (4) Lizzie, born November 20, 
1874, is a graduate of Heidelberg Acad- 
emy, at Tiffin, Ohio, and a teacher in 
Jackson township. (5) Susan, born 
March 27, 1S77, is a student at the Fre- 
mont High School. (6) William Arthur, 
born September 13, 1879. 

JASON GIBBS, one of the most sub- 
stantial and well-to-do citizen of 
Riley township, Sandusky county, 
was born August 31, 1825, and is a 
son of Jonas and Rachel (Daniel) Gibbs. 
Jonas Gibbs was born in 1762; he was 
married, in Vermont, to Rachel Daniels, 
who was born in 1794, and in 1808 they 
located at the mouth of Pipe creek, in 
Huron county, Ohio, bought 300 acres of 
land, and lived there twelve years. They 
then removed to Riley township, San- 
dusky county, here purchasing a thousand 
acres of land, and two years later five 
hundred acres more. Here they passed 
the remainder of their lives, Mr. Gibbs 
dying in 1S34, Mrs. Gibbs in 1848. They 
had seven children, a brief record of 



whom is as follows : Isaac died at the 
early age of eighteen, unmarried. Cynthia 
married Joseph H. Curtis, by whom she 
had three children, and they lived in 
Riley township; subsequently she married 
\\'illiam Pierson, by whom she had eight 
children. Boa married Mr. Dean, and 
they had eight children; they live in Riley 
township. Jonas married Rosina Linsey, 
and they had two children; he died in 
1852, she in 1876. Jeremiah married 
Jane Conrad, and they live in Riley town- 
ship. Jason is the subject of these lines. 
Luther married Emma Buskirk, and they 
had four children; they live in Riley town- 
ship. Rachel married Lewis Barkheimer, 
and to their union has come one child; 
they are also residents of Riley township. 
After his father's death, Jason Gibbs 
remained with his mother on the farm 
until his twenty-first year. On March 
28, 1846, he was united in marriage with 
Elizabeth Conrad, who was born in San- 
dusky county, where she has always lived, 
daughter of John and Sarah (Tuttle) Con- 
rad, who were the parents of eleven chil- 
dren. John Conrad was born in Ohio in 
1795, and died in Sandusky county, 
February 3, 1869; his wife died June 11, 
1883, aged eighty-four years, nine months, 
si.xteen days. Mrs. Gibbs' paternal 
grandmother was born in 1784; her ma- 
ternal grandfather. Van Rensselaer Tut- 
tle, was born in 1772. After this mar- 
riage Mr. and Mrs. Gibbs moved to Riley 
township, where he bought a thousand 
acres of land. They became the parents 
of four children, as follows: Albert mar- 
ried Amelia Wright, and they have two 
children — Charles and Burton P. — one 
of whom, Charles, died young. Luther 
married Almira Beebe, and they have had 
ten children; they live in Riley township. 
Burton married Jane Beebe, and they 
also live in Riley township; they have had 
two children — Charles A. and William J. 
John married Laura Botsford, and they 
have had six children; they make their 
home in Riley township. 

Mr. Gibbs has been very successful in 
his dealings, and is well liked. He cleared 
300 acres of his land himself, which took 
him nearly five years, and has been engaged 
in general farming, the raising of fine 
hogs, and for several years has also oper- 
ated two sawmills. Besides his property 
here he has 847 acres of valuable land in 
Tennessee, on which his oldest son re- 
sides. In 1893 Mr. Gibbs retired. He 
attends the Lutheran Church, is a Repub- 
lican in politics, and has been honored 
with public office, having been supervisor 
for twenty years. One of Mr. Gibbs' 
uncles, Luther, was killed at Huron, Ohio, 
by the falling of a block from a ship's 
mast; another, Jerry, was killed by In- 
dians at Sandusky (the night before his 
murder he dreamed that the Indians came 
to his home and killed him). 

HINTZ FAMILY. Instances of fam- 
ilies who rise to affluence and in- 
fluence under the most untoward 
circumstances are sufficiently rare 
to excite comment, and lead the uninitiated 
to inquire what the faculty, or combina- 
tion of faculties, might be that would pro- 
duce a result so fortunate to the people 
most closely interested. It can be said of 
the Hintz family that they came of good 
stock, but it so happened that misfortune 
swept away father and provider and left 
mother and two helpless j'oung sons ab- 
solutely penniless in a strange land. They 
did not remain in that condition, thanks to 
the irrepressible qualities that lay dor- 
mant in their young natures. But the 
ascent was for a time painfully slow. The 
story of their rise is most interesting, and 
the lesson of their lives instructive. 

John J. Hintz, the grandfather of 
Christian and William Hintz, was a pros- 
perous stock raiser of Mecklenburg, Ger- 
many. No one in the neighboring dis- 
tricts bore a more excellent reputation 
than he. In wordly affairs he was pros- 
perous, in character above reproach, in 




religion a sturdy defender of the Lutheran 
faith, and in influence powerful. He died 
at the age of sixty-four years. He had 
married a Miss Hintz, and to them were 
born seven children. But by the inequal- 
ities of the feudal system which then held 
undisputed sway in Germany the goodly 
heritage fell solely to the eldest son, John, 
while the younger children where left to 
scramble for their bread as best they could. 
John, thus left independent, subsequently 
emigrated to America and settled in Wis- 
consin. The other children were as fol- 
lows: Christopher, who remained a farmer 
in Germany; Joseph J., who died in Ger- 
many; Fred, who remained a laborer in 
Germany; Christian, the father of Chris- 
tian and William Hintz, subjects of this 
sketch; William, who worked in a distill- 
ery in Germany, and died in that country; 
and Mary, who died young. 

Christian, the only son except John 
who emigrated to America, was born in 
Mecklenburg in i8i2. He was educated 
in the parochial schools of the Lutheran 
Church, and confirmed in the Church. 
Thus started aright, he had to look out 
for himself. He herded cattle and worked 
on a farm for about $20 a year until his 
twenty-sixth year, when he married. He 
afterward entered the royal service as a 
sawyer, having charge of an upright saw, 
and followed that vocation until 1848, 
when he went to the "free cities" and 
became a laborer on the public works at 
better wages. Four years later, at the 
age of forty years, he determined to emi- 
grate to America. He had been twice 
married in Germany. By his first wife 
he had one child, Dora. His second 
wife was Dora Harbra, by whom he had 
four children living when he came to 
America — Christian, William, John and 
Sophia. Leaving his native land March 
31, 1852, he crossed the ocean with his 
family in a little two-masted sailing ves- 
sel, landing at Sandusky City May 10. 
Locating here, he first worked in a brick- 
yard, and soon after went on the railroad 

then under construction between Sandus- 
ky and Cleveland, and was so engaged 
when he fell a victim to cholera, then 
raging. He died at Sandusky City Au- 
gust 7, 1852, before he had been there 
three months. Two of his children, John 
and Sophia, were carried away by the 
same plague. William was seized with 
the same-dread disease, but withstood the 
attack. The father had owed for a por- 
tion of the passage money, and the pay- 
ment of that debt had consumed all his 
earnings when he died. The mother and 
her two children. Christian and William, 
and her step-daughter, Dora, were left 
utterly destitute. The two boys, aged 
twelve and ten years, were put out among 
strangers to work for their board and 
clothes. Christian, ten months later, be- 
gan to earn $3 per month for a year, then 
$4 per month. William worked two 
years for only his board and clothes, but 
in several years the scant earnings of the 
boys, together with the savings of the 
mother, enabled her to buy a horse. She 
rented a few acres of land, and began the 
struggle of life at gardening near Sandus- 
ky City. Soon by magical thrift she was 
able to buy another horse and rent a few 
more acres. Then the home-wrecked 
family was reunited, and the mother had 
her sons once more under the same roof 
with herself. Among the enlarging circle 
of their acquaintances the Hintzes were 
noted for their industry, honesty and in- 
telligence, though the two young repre- 
sentatives of the family were 3'et in their 
' ' teens, " with characters that should have 
been considered unformed. Gradually 
renting more of the rich land around San- 
dusky City they began to accumulate 
money and to think of owning a home of 
their own. Dora, the step-daughter, had 
married Godfrey Gockstetter, and now 
lives near Huron, Erie county; her hus- 
band died December 25, 1894, leaving 
a large family, consisting of Simeon, 
George, Henry, William, John, Freder- 
ick, Louie, Adam, Mary, Anna, Louisa, 


Emma and Lena; one child died young. 
The family is one of remarkably robust 
strength, the members a\eraging about 
200 pounds. 

In 1864 Mrs. Hintz and her two sons. 
Christian and William, came to Sandusky 
county and purchased 1 14 acres of land 
for $4,500. The}' had saved $1,500, 
which was their cash payment, and went 
into debt for the remaining $3,000. Only 
fourteen acres of the land were broken, 
and wiseacres said they could never pay 
for it; but the}' reckoned without their 
host. They knew not the stern stuff, the 
unflagging zeal, the intelligence, and the 
thrift which entered into the composition 
of this rising family. The boys had a 
good team, a couple of colts and a few 
hogs, and manfully they faced the problem 
before them. Their opportunities were 
now broader, their actions freer, and they 
never doubted or questioned their ability 
to win. There was but one thing to do — 
clear off the indebtedness, and clear it 
they did, despite the nods and winks of 
the wiseacres. In a few years prosperity 
was assured, and the mother and her sons, 
to the astonishment of their neighbors, 
were already buying more land. The 
$3,000 indebtedness on the old farm was 
completely lifted in two years, and it was 
not long before the brothers ranked in 
wealth and position among the foremost 
men of Green Creek township. 

Christian Hintz is now one of the 
leading breeders of Short-horn cattle and 
Chester-white swine in Sandusky county. 
He was born November 23, 1839. His mar- 
riage to Anna Powells, a native of Meck- 
lenburg, Germany, born April 19, 1844, 
was the signal for a division of the prop- 
erty. The brothers were attached to each 
other, and the partition was made in peace 
and brotherly love. The mother was 
generously provided for, and each brother 
began farming for himself. Christian for 
a time engaged in mi.xed or general farm- 
ing, but for fifteen years he has been rais- 
ing thoroughbred stock — cattle, hogs and 

sheep — selling chiefly for breeding pur- 
poses. He has exhibited at the fairs at 
Fremont, Sandusky, Bellevue, Norwalk, 
Clyde, Fostoria, Toledo, Attica and 
Findlay, besides many other localities too 
numerous to mention, and in 1895 he had 
a large show. Each year he has taken 
many premiums, and at Fremont he has 
taken more than any other man in the 
county; one season his premiums aggre- 
gated about $600. He sells blooded stock 
all over the United States. He had one 
cow in the dairy department of the 
World's Columbian Exposition at Chi- 
cago, in 1893, which made 135 pounds 
and some ounces of butter in ninety days. _ 
Both he and his brother paid two long 
visits to the World's Fair. Mr. Hintz 
now owns 246 acres of land. To Chris- 
tian and Anna Hintz have been born eight 
children, as follows: Christian, Jr., \\'ill- 
iam, Anna, Dora, Henry, August, Jacob 
and Martin. In politics he is somewhat 
independent, but usually votes the Dem- 
ocratic ticket. He has been for many 
years a prominent member of the Lu- 
theran Church, and for fourteen years he 
was elder of the old St. John's Church, at 
Fremont. In no sense is he an office- 
seeker, but in the interest of education he 
has served as a school director of his dis- 

William Hintz was born September 
18, 1 841. He was married in 1871, to 
Miss Anna K. Bauer, who was born in 
Green Creek township, September 27, 
1854. Prior to his marriage his mother 
kept house for him, and through the pro- 
vision made for her by the two grateful 
sons the noble mother enjoyed a compe- 
tence, and lived in an establishment of 
her own in the parlor of William's home, 
remaining there as long as she lived; she 
passed away in January, 1876. The chil- 
dren of William and Anna Hintz were as 
follows: John (who was accidentally 
drowned in a well at the age of three and 
a half years), Joseph W., Sophia L. , 
Louisa D., Peter W. , Esther A., Hannah 



H., Sarah R. (who died at the age of one 
year, eleven months and twenty-eight 
days), and Mary M. In the division of 
the property WiUiam surrendered all the 
thorough-bred stock to Christian, but he 
raises and ships cattle, hogs and sheep 
for meat. William Hintz believes that 
money is more easily handled than land. 
Much of his property now consists of in- 
vestments, and he is placing all his spare 
means on interest. He still owns 155 
acres of land. He is a leading member 
of the Lutheran Church, was for ten 
years deacon of St. John's Church at 
Fremont, and is an elder in Grace 
Lutheran Church at Fremont; he has also 
acted as a delegate to the Lutheran 
Church Synod. For four years he has 
served as a member of the board of direct- 
ors of the Sandusky County Agricultural 
Society. — "Thanks be to God for His 
merciful blessings." 

JOSEPH NOGGLE, one of the most 
reliable and industrious farmers of 
Green Creek township, Sandusky 
county, is a man of unassuming man- 
ners, without ostentation, or craving for 
place and preferment. He is content to 
fill his mission in life as a worthy repre- 
sentative of the first and most important 
vocation — that of farming — leaving to 
others the strife and turmoil and the un- 
certainities of a more problematic career. 
It is to such types as he, hard-working and 
thrifty, yet restful and contented, that the 
nation must look for its great reserve force 
to act as a balance-wheel against the en- 
croachments and vagaries of the flightier 
element in society. 

Mr. Noggle was born in Franklin 
county, Penn., June 4, 181 1, son of Will- 
iam and Katie (Hurtman) Noggle, both 
natives of Pennsylvania, who reared a 
large family of children, and passed peace- 
fully away on the home farm at a good 
old age. Only two of the children — 
Jacob and Joseph — now survive. Jacob 

lives on a farm in Fulton county, Penn., 
at the age of eighty-one years. Joseph 
was reared in the Keystone State, and 
there married Elizabeth Marshall, who 
was born in Huntingdon county, Penn., 
February 11, 181 1, daughter of Robert 
and Elizabeth (Simmons) Marshall; they 
were the parents of seven children, named 
as follows: James, Nancy, Lydia, Jane, 
Sarah, Rachel and Elizabeth. The father 
died on his farm in Pennsylvania when 
Elizabeth was a child; the mother sur- 
vived until 1855. Soon after his mar- 
riage Mr. Noggle migrated to Sandusky 
county, locating in Jackson township, and 
there engaged in pioneer farming. Twen- 
ty-two years later he moved to Green 
Creek township, and has lived here some 
thirty-seven years. He now owns a well- 
cultivated farm of eighty-four acres. Mr. 
Noggle cast his first vote for Andrew 
Jackson in 1832; in religious faith he is a 
member of the Universalist Church. The 
children of Mr. and Mrs. Noggle are as 
follows: Sarah, born November 4, 1841, 
married December 10, 1875, to Charles 
Clapp, and is the mother of two children 
— Jessie (deceased) and Delia; William, 
born October 19, 1843, died November 
24, 1874; Madison, born August 5, 1846, 
died September 6, 1872; Joseph, born 
November 10, 1857, died June 28, 1858. 
William H. Noggle, a nephew of Joseph 
Noggle, now lives with him. He was 
born in Pennsylvania March 21, 1850, 
and is the son of Jacob Noggle; he was 
married in November* 1893, to Hattie E. 
Mummert, who was born in Franklin 
county, Penn., January 26, i860. 

WILLIAM A. MUGG, the leading 
landowner and farmer of York 
township, Sandusky county, and 
vice-president of the First Na- 
tional Bank of Clyde, is of the third gen- 
eration from the earliest settlement and 
development of northwestern Ohio. And 
as he stands to-day, a leader of the men 



about him, so, too, in the two preceding gen- 
erations, were his father and grandfather 
men of renown and note in their respective 
spheres, though perhaps in a somewhat 
different way. WiUiam A. Mugg has in- 
herited the pioneer strength of character. 
His mind is keen and he appreciates a 
witticism. His good-natured retort is 
sharp, and stranger or friend is welcomed 
at his home and treated with that old- 
time jovial hospitality that is becoming 
rare in these so-called degenerate days. 

Mr. Mugg was born in Milo, Yates Co. , 
N. Y. , December 13, 1827, son of John 
B. and Susan (Wheeler) Mugg, and grand- 
son of Elder John Mugg. But years be- 
fore his birth his father and his grand- 
father had already become identified with 
the interests of York township, Sandusky 
Co., Ohio. It was in 1822 that Elder 
John Mugg, a native of Maryland, came 
with his family from New York State to 
the vast solitudes of northwestern Ohio. 
His parents had died when he was a child, 
and he was bound out and reared among 
strangers. However, he obtained the 
rudiments of an education, and became a 
preacher of the Baptist Church. When 
he came to Ohio he purchased 400 acres 
of government land; but as soon as the 
cabins for himself and family were built, 
and the rude houses made comfortable, 
he began his labors as a pioneer preacher, 
a task then quite different from the minis- 
terial duties of to-day. Elder Mugg was 
a man of small stature, and his weight 
was less than one hundred pounds, but he 
was filled with nervous force, and with a 
love for his fellow men. He was an en- 
thusiastic churchman. On horseback, 
with saddlebags supplied with medicines, 
he wended his way along Indian trails 
through the forested swamps from settle- 
ment to settlement, bringing to the lonely 
pioneer the refreshing and cheering words 
of the Gospel. His value to the mental, 
moral and physical welfare of the early 
settler, immersed in solitude, can scarcely 
be appreciated at the present day. He 

brought words of cheer and comfort wher- 
ever he went, and the pleasant memories 
of his visits lingered long after he had de- 
parted. He carried the current news of 
the day from cabin to cabin, and to the 
sufferers from the malignant fevers that 
were then so common he brought both 
medicinal and spiritual good. Once to a 
neighbor who had stolen corn from him 
he remarked: " I feel sorry for you, neigh- 
bor. I don't care for the corn. If you 
had asked me for it, the corn would have 
been yours." His gentle, forgiving. 
Christian spirit made Elder Mugg a man 
who was widely beloved. He organized 
the Freewill Baptist Church, the pioneer 
religious organization of York township, 
and lived to the good old age of ninety- 
si.x years, amidst the people to whom he 
had ministered for many years. His re- 
mains were interred in Wales Corners 
Cemetery, in York township, where many 
of his fellow pioneers also rest. He was 
the father of seven children, as follows: 
Thomas, who moved to Indiana; JohnB., 
father of William A. ; Marcus, who became 
a minister and moved to Michigan, where 
he died; Jesse, who died in Indiana; 
William, who died in early manhood; 
Mary (afterward Mrs. Bennett), of Indi- 
ana; and Harriet (Mrs. Colvin), who died 
in York township. 

John B. Mugg was born in iSoi. He 
came with his father to York township in 
1822, and here, in 1823, he married for his 
second wife, Susan Wheeler, having been 
previously married to Susan Wheeler, of 
Penn Yan, Yates Co., N. Y. A year 
later, after the birth of his eldest child, 
Charles, he returned with his family to 
Yates county, N. Y. , and remained there 
twelve years. In 1836 he again came 
west, and lived in York township until his 
death, which occurred December 31,1 880, 
when he was aged seventy-nine years, 
four months and twenty-seven days. His 
wife, who was born in 1807, died March 
3, 1880. Nine children were born to John 
B. and Susan Mugg: Charles, who died 



in Missouri; Wheeler, who died in York 
township; William A., subject of this 
sketch; John, who died in New York; a 
child who died in infancy; Elizabeth, who 
died in young womanhood; Marietta, who 
died in girlhood; George, a resident of 
Dundee, Mich. ; Alice, who died in child- 

William A. Afugg was a child when 
his father returned from New York to the 
pioneer Ohio home. He remembers well 
the trip on the lakes, and the journey over- 
land to the old farmstead near Wales 
Corners, which still forms a part of the 
extensive estate of Mr. Mugg. In those 
days the driftwood had not yet been 
cleared from the swamps. The pools 
were full of water and fish were abundant 
on every hand. Mr. Mugg remembers 
that many times in his boyhood he has 
skated in winter all the way from the old 
homestead to Sandusky Bay. The young 
men of fifty years ago propelled skiffs 
over lands that are now some of the most 
fertile fields in Ohio. Indians were nu- 
merous in those days, and game abounded. 
But educational facilities were few. While 
Mr. Mugg did not receive a finished liter- 
ary education, he learned what was better 
still — the value of thrift and economy. 
After he was of age he worked five years 
for his father, at $200 per year. Then 
in 1854 he married Miss Phebe S. Russell, 
who was born April 2, 1833. Her father, 
Norton Russell, was born in Hopewell, 
Ontario Co. , N. Y. , June 15, 1801, of 
parents who had shortly before moved to 
the New York wilderness from Massachu- 
setts. Young Russell was bound out, and 
was diligently engaged during his youth 
in clearing the pioneer land of western 
New York. In Octobisr, 1821, he came 
to Ohio with three other young men, 
William McPherson, James Birdseye and 
Lyman Babcock, all of whom became 
prominent pioneers of Sandusky county. 
They walked almost the entire distance 
from New York — 400 miles. Mr. Russell 
was the eldest of five children, and his 

sisters and brother were as follows: 
Rowena, who married George Swarthout, 
and settled near Penn Yan, N. Y. ; C3'n- 
thia, who married William McPherson, 
and became the mother of the martyred 
Gen. James B. McPherson; William, who 
married Elizabeth Beach; and Lydia, wife 
of Lester Beach. Norton Russell entered 
the S. E. Quarter of Section 7, York 
township, and was married April 13, 1825, 
to Sibyl S. McMillen, daughter of Samuel 
and Polly McMillen, who migrated from 
their old home near the W^hite Mountains, 
N. H., to Ohio, and became early pio- 
neers of Green Creek township, Sandusky 
county. Samuel and Polly McMillen had 
the following seven children: Sibyl (Mrs. 
Russell); Samuel; Henry; Rachel, who 
married Isaac May; Sally, who married 
Joseph George'; Nancy, who married Isaac 
May, and Luther. Norton and Sibyl 
Russell were the parents of seven chil- 
dren, as follows: John N. and William 
M., of Clyde; Charles P., of York; Phebe 
S. ; Sarah R. (Mrs. Bell), of Clyde; Mary 
M. (Mrs. J. W. Taylor), of Sabine Parish, 
La., and Belle R. (Mrs. Collver), of Cleve- 
land. Norton Russell is still, at this 
writing, living with his daughter, Mrs. 
Mugg, the oldest living pioneer of this 
section. His wife, who shared with him 
the toil and privation of a long and event- 
ful life, died December 18, 1887, aged 
eighty years. 

Nine children have blessed the mar- 
riage of William A. and Phebe S. Mugg, 
a iDrief record of whom is as follows: 
Nina, born December 31, 1857, is the 
wife of James Ungerman; they reside in 
New Richland, Minn., and have four 
children — Carl, Nellie B., Hazel and 
Vera. Clarence M., born January 14, 
1859, married Laura Carr, and is the 
father of two children — Ethel and Wayne. 
N. Russell, born March 31, 1861, mar- 
ried Maggie Matthews, and they have two 
children — Madeline and Maurice. Mabel, 
born April 26, 1863, died in 1883. Alice, 
born September 10, 1865, is the wife of 



A. R. Pickett, of Clyde, and has two 
children — Harold and Gladdon. Moina, 
born March 12, 1868, is the wife of N. 
Greenslade, of Bellevue, and they have 
one child — Russell M. Amy B., born 
February 19, 1870, is one of the popular 
j-oung ladies of this section, devoted to 
her parents and the home. James G., 
born October 14, 1872, was married Jan- 
uary I, 1895, to Anna Needham, of York 
township. Florence, born May 25, 1S77, 
is attending school. 

Mr. and Mrs. Mugg started in life 
with only about such means as the aver- 
age young couple of that day possessed, 
but their success has been marked. If 
the accumulation of a large estate and 
the rearing of a numerous and honorable 
family is aught of satisfaction, while still 
in the meridian of life, then Mr. and Mrs. 
Mugg should be among the happiest of 
mortals. The landed property of William 
A. Mugg e.xceeds in quantity' that of any 
other individual in Sandusky county. The 
finger of Time has touched them lightly. 
If Mrs. Mugg is as young as she looks she 
is yet in the high noonday of life. She is 
an active member of the Grange, and de- 
servedly prominent in the social affairs of 
the township. Mr. Mugg possesses a 
hardy constitution, which he has never 
abused, but which, through proper ph3'si- 
cal exercise, he has maintained in its 
maximum degree of health. In politics 
he is a pronounced and uncompromising 
Republican. In the commercial and 
financial spheres he takes high rank. He 
is a master of the science of finance, and 
was one of the organizers and is now vice- 
president of the First National Bank of 

JOHN VICKERY. From absolute 
poverty the subject of this sketch 
has risen to a position of affluence 
and honor. The condition of a pen- 
niless English farm laborer he has ex- 
changed for the proprietorship of large 

landed interests in York township, San- 
dusk}' county. And in this happy trans- 
formation of his material situation he 
gives due credit to the opportunities of 
the American citizen. Mr. Vickery often 
goes over the past in retrospect, and com- 
pares the possibilities of the poor man in 
England with his opportunities in Amer- 
ica. From his own experiences and ob- 
servation he concludes that American 
citizenship is a priceless boon. 

Mr. Vickery was born in Devonshire, 
England, in May, 1829, son of Robert 
and Rachel (Randall) Vickery. His 
father, who was a laborer, died before his 
recollection, leaving six children: Eliza- 
beth, whose husband, Mr. Lowrey, was 
killed by a railroad accident at Clyde; 
William, who died in York township; 
Robert, of Fremont; John, subject of this 
sketch; Richard, of York township; and 
Ann, who died in England. At an early 
age John was bound out, receiving, until 
he attained his majority, only his board 
and clothes for his services, and, Mr. 
Vickery says, they were poor clothes 
at that. After he became of age he 
worked for a farmer for four years at 
wages amounting to only 1 1 cents a day 
and his board; and this, too, was the 
highest wages paid for that class of labor 
in the locality where he lived. At the age 
of twenty-five years he resolved to seek 
his fortunes in the New World; so in 
1854 he bade good-bye to his friends, and 
to his sweetheart and crossed the ocean. 
He came via Quebec, and was $17 in 
debt for his passage when he reached 
Sandusky City. He began work for a 
farmer near Bellevue, and remained in 
his employment fifteen months. But his 
purpose now was to get himself estab- 
lished in life. Renting a place, he began 
farming on his own account, and at Belle- 
vue he soon after married Miss Jane 
Parker, whom he had wooed and won in 
England. The household prospered, but 
the mother was called away after she had 
given him three sons: Thomas, now a 



prosperous farmer of York township, 
married; John, who assists him on the 
farm, and James P. , a schoolteacher and 
farmer of York township. In 1866 Mr. 
Vickery purchased the farm of 120 acres 
which he now owns, and continued to 
farm it until in 1889, when he bought 
twenty acres near Colby, and retired on 
ample means. In 1881 he had purchased 
another tract of 120 acres in York town- 
ship, and gave it to his sons in 1S87, after 
having paid $8,000 on the same. The 
twenty-acre tract at Colby he has given 
to his second and present wife, who was 
Miss Mary Bichler. Mr. Vickery has 
served his township three years as trus- 
tee, and is now road supervisor of his dis- 
trict. In politics he is a stanch Republi- 
can, and in religious faith a member of 
the United Brethren Church. He is a 
man of sterling integrity and principles, 
and one of the most highly respected cit- 
izens of the community in which he lives. 


R. STIEFF. In three distinct 
fields of industry the subject of 
this sketch takes high rank. 
He is a farmer of acknowledged 
ability; he is a mechanic whose superior 
it would be difficult to find anywhere; he 
is a salesman whose value has been ap- 
preciated by more than one large manu- 
facturer. Mr. Stieff has with rare felicity 
bunched all these available attributes into 
one occupation, that of a salesman for 
agricultural machines. He is at home 
among the farmers, and thoroughly un- 
derstands their needs. His mechanical 
skill has enabled him to meet any diffi- 
culties in setting up the complicated farm 
machines of to-day. His persuasive ar- 
guments cap the climax of the two, and 
enable him to make satisfactory sales. 
By trade Mr. Stieff is a blacksmith. 

He was born in Lancaster county, 
Penn., May 19, 1855, son of Michael and 
Sarah (Rinehold) Stieff. Michael Stieff 
was also a blacksmith. He was a native 

of Berks county, his wife of Lancaster 
county. Both died at their home in the 
latter county within a year, at the ages 
of fifty-six and fifty-two years respectively. 
Their children were as follows: Eh, of 
Lancaster county; Sarah, wife of Moses 
Goshert, also of Lancaster county; Annie, 
wife of Abraham Krall, of Lebanon coun- 
ty, Penn. ; George, who died at the age 
of twenty-two years in Lancaster county; 
M. R., subject of this sketch; and Martha 
and Lizzy, who both died in Lancaster 
county, in infancy. 

Our subject was early in life thrown 
upon his own resources. He entered the 
car shops in Reading, Penn., but labor 
troubles soon after disorganized the force, 
and he was obliged to seek employment 
elsewhere. With 200 others he was dis- 
charged in 1873 at the time of the great 
failure of Jay Cooke & Co. He came to 
Ohio, and found work on a farm in Seneca 
county. Subsequently he secured em- 
ployment in a carriage shop at West Lodi, 
then at Fireside, and later still at Belle- 
vue. While at Fireside, he began sell- 
ing reapers, mowers, etc., for the Excel- 
sior Co., and he was with that company 
four years. Then, in 1889, he accepted 
a position with the Champion people to 
travel for them. His territory embraced 
Ohio, Illinois, Wisconsin, Michigan, Min- 
nesota, and South Dakota. From March 
to September he was on the road; then 
during the winter months each year he 
worked in the shops, in all capacities 
proving a most valuable employe. His 
skill in setting up machines was unsur- 
passed, and as a salesman he was highly 
gifted. In 1894 he voluntarily quit their 
employ on account of a slight deafness, 
though solicited to remain, preferring to 
return to his farm and family, and handle 
machinery in a local way. 

Mr. Stieff married Miss Kate Miller, and 

to them seven children have been born: 

Cloyd, George, Edna, Elva (deceased), 

Delrie (deceased), Orlin (deceased), and 

I Ray. Mr. Stieff is distinctively the archi- 



tect of his own fortune. He owns a good 
farm property, and is one of the most 
skillful mechanics in the State. 

JACOB BOWE is one of the five 
Bowe brothers now living in Scott 
township, Sandusky county, where 
he was born June 6, 1837, and where 
he has spent the greater part of his life. 

At the age of twenty-four years, our 
subject commenced life for himself, his 
father giving him as a start, ninety-two 
and one-half acres of land situated in 
Section 7. Mr. Bowe is by trade a black- 
smith, and for fifteen years of his early 
life he spent much of his time in his shop; 
but he finally sold and purchased eighty 
acres of land in Section 16, which, with 
160 acres previously bought, made an 
excellent farm of 240 acres. Later he 
sold eighty acres, the remainder being 
the 160 acres where he now lives. He 
then purchased 160 acres in Section 17, 
one-half of which he sold to J. C. Fisher, 
the other half to J. C. Foriter. In 1890 
Mr. Bowe purchased lots in Gibsonburg, 
on which he built a pleasant home, living 
there for three years and then returning 
to his farm. 

On December 23, 1861, Mr. Bowe 
was married to Miss Mary A. Bowers, 
who was born September 8, 1836, in 
Scott township, daughter of Hartman and 
Annie Bowers; she obtained her educa- 
tion in her native township, where she 
lived most of the time until her marriage. 
To this union have been born seven chil- 
dren, as follows: Emma C. , September 
23, 1862; Mary C, January 4, 1864; 
Anna C, April 23, 1865; Henry H., Jan- 
uary 15, 1867; Amelia E., April 25,1869, 
Wallace ^\'., June 7, 1872; and Jacob F., 
December 7, 1873; of whom, Emma died 
June 6, 1878; Henry H. died January 12, 
1870, and Anna died March 8, 1 89 1. 
Mary is nmv Mrs, George Richard, of 
Madison township; Wallace and Jacob 
are working the home farm, though at 

present (fall of 1895) Wallace is suffering 
from the effects of a bicycle accident, 
having broken his collar-bone in two 
places; strange to say he rode his wheel 
over two miles after receiving the injur}'. 
Wallace and Jacob attended the Gibson- 
burg High School for a time, after which 
Wallace was a student at the Normal at 
Ada. While at Gibsonburg Jacob made 
a thorough study of telegraphy. Polit- 
ically Mr. Bowe and his sons are Demo- 
crats; they are also members of the 
Lutheran Church. 

In February, 1890, Mr. Bowe made a 
new departure in his business by leasing 
several acres of land to the Sun Oil Com- 
pany of Pittsburg, the lease providing 
that at the end of the year the company 
was to have four wells down, which was 
practically accomplished. On March 20, 
1 890, he also leased the other eighty acres, 
and he now has on the 160 acres of land 
thirteen wells. He received $3,000 bonus 
when the ground was leased, and now has 
one-eighth of all oil produced, his share 
of the oil netting him $10 der day, with- 
out one cent of expense. The oil pro- 
duced on this farm is pumped through 
pipes to the city of Toledo, some thirty 
miles away. 

George Bowe, Sr. , the father of our 
subject, was born in 1802 in Alsace, 
France, and came to America in 1832, 
settling in New York State, near Buffalo, 
where he remained three years. Thence 
he came to Ohio, where, in Scott town- 
ship, Sandusky county, he entered 210 
acres of land, one-half for his sister and 
the balance for himself. In the winter of 
1834-35 he married Catherine Wegstein, 
who was born in Baden, Germany, in 
181 3, daughter of Michael Wegstein, and 
to them were born ten children, three of 
whom died in infancy. The others are: 
George, Jacob (our subject), Frederick, 
Henry, Michael J., David and Mary C, 
of whom Frederick and Mary C. have 
been dead some years; the others are still 
living. Mr. Bowe was an old pioneer of 





Scott township. He owned at one time 
600 acres of land, which he divided among 
his children, thus giving each a start in 
life which they have appreciated and made 
the most of, becoming wfell-to-do men, 
highly esteemed by all who know them. 
His wife died July 9, 1S91, and was buried 
in the Bradner cemetery. Her father, 
Michael Wegstein, was born about 1779 
in Baden, Germany, where he was mar- 
ried. In 1832 he started with his family 
for America, but while on the sea his wife 
took sick and died, and was buried in 
mid-ocean. In his family were si.\ chil- 
dren, only two of whom are living. One 
son, Michael, was killed at the battle of 
Shiloh; he was captain of Company H, 
Seventy-second O. V. I. 

Mr. Bowe's paternal grandparents, 
Mr. and Mrs. George Bowe, set out for 
America at the same time as his parents; 
the grandmother, like the maternal grand- 
mother, died on the sea and was buried in 
mid-ocean. The grandfather settled near 
Buffalo, where he died. In their family 
were four children — Margaret, George 
(father of our subject), Magdalena and 
Jacob, all now deceased. Margaret and 
Jacob remained near Buffalo, the others 
coming to Ohio. Magdalena was married 
near Buffalo to Jacob Zimmerman, who 
died in Scott township about 1885. 

the pioneer and prosperous farmers 
of Woodville township, Sandusky 
county, was born October 27, 1838, 
in Hanover, Germany. His parents, Har- 
mon and Clara (Foughthouse) Kuhlman, 
followed the vocation of milling in their 
native land, and in 1842, when John 
Henry was but four years old, sold their 
business and came to America. Remain- 
ing a single day in New York, they set 
out for Woodville township, Sandusky 
county, Ohio, and bought and settled 
upon a forty-acre tract of wild land. 

The father, Harmon Kuhlman, was a 

man of rugged frame, well fitted by na- 
ture to bear the hardships and privations 
of pioneer life, and never until shortly be- 
fore his death did he e.xperience any ill- 
ness. Partially losing his eyesight, he 
went to Ann Arbor, Mich., for treatment, 
and died while there. His widow still 
lives in Woodville township, at a ripe old 
age. Five children were born to Harmon 
and Clara Kuhlman: John Henry; Car- 
rie, wife of Fred Taulker, a farmer in 
Madison township; Amelia, wife of Charles 
Burman, a retired farmer of Woodville; 
Annie, who died young, and William, who 
lives on the old homestead. Our subject 
owns 236 acres of land, situated in the 
oil belt, and leased for drilling purposes. 
Until in quite recent years John Henry 
Kuhlman, subject of this sketch, remained 
at the home of his parents. He was edu- 
cated in the' public school at Woodville; 
but in the days of his youth the town 
school was inferior to the district school 
of to-day. He was married February 22, 
1862, to Mary Klein, daughter of John J. 
Klein, a farmer of Woodville township. 
Nine children have been born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Kuhlman, as follows: Carrie, born 
March 23, 1864; John, a minister; Henry, 
deceased; George, Minnie, Charles, Will- 
iam, Eliza and Edward. In 1893 Mr. 
Kuhlman moved to Woodville village, 
and there erected a magnificent home, 
sparing neither cost nor pains in its con- 
struction. In politics he is a Democrat, 
and has been honored by election to vari- 
ous township offices. He is one of the 
founders of the German Lutheran Church. 

FRANK WELKER, the genial and 
popular proprietor of the "Empire 
House," Clyde, Sandusky county, 
one of the most excellent country 
hotels in the State, was born in Hancock 
county, Ohio, July 20, 1849, and is a son 
of George W. and Rebecca (Burger) 

The father of our subject was a na- 



tive of Pennsylvania, born in iSo8, and 
in his earlier years he learned the stone- 
mason's trade. On coming to Ohio he 
settled in Stark county, and after his mar- 
riage took up his residence in Hancock 
county. In 1864 he moved to Clyde, 
where his death occurred the following 
year. His wife, who was born in 18 12, 
still survives him, and is now living with 
her son Frank. In the family of this 
worthy couple were seven children who 
grew to mature years, to wit: (i) N. B., 
who joined the army soon after the break- 
ing out of the Civil war, becoming a mem- 
ber of Company A, Twenty-first O. V. 
I. , in which he did service under Gen. 
Sherman; at the battle of Atlanta, in 
1864, he was wounded, and died a few 
days later, his remains being interred in 
the National Cemetery at Chattanooga, 
Tenn. (2) G. W. , a plasterer by trade, 
resides in Findlay, Ohio. (3) W. W. 
died at Mount Clemens, Mich., and his 
remains were brought back to Clyde for 
interment. (4) E. E. is engaged in ci- 
gar-making in San Diego, Cal. (5) Maria 
J. is the wife of John Mungen, a resident 
of Fort Wayne, Ind. (6) Frank, our 
subject, comes next in order of birth. 
(7) R. R. makes his home in Columbia 
county, Ind., where he is engaged in the 
restaurant business. 

Frank Welker has spent his entire 
life in the State of his nativity, and since 
the age of fifteen has made his home in 
Clyde. After pursuing his studies in the 
public schools of this place for two years, 
he became connected with railroading. 
He first went upon the road as a news 
agent, and then became a brakeman on 
the Lake Shore & Michigan • Southern 
railroad. His next undertaking was as 
proprietor of the "Empire House," at 
Clyde. In 1886 he purchased the hotel, 
which for ten years previous had been 
vacant, entirely remodeled it and built a 
new addition. Soon it was ready for oc- 
cupancy, and to-day it is one of the most 
popular hotels in the smaller cities of 

Ohio. In his work here Mr. Welker is 
abl}' assisted by his wife, who bore the 
maiden name of Julia Gosslin. The hotel 
is neat and well kept, has the reputation 
for setting the best table of any country 
hotel in the State, and the earnest efforts 
of the proprietor and his wife to please 
their patrons has made it very popular 
with the public. 

Mr. Welker is one of the ten stock- 
holders who own the Clyde Driving Park, 
and has two fine trotting horses, ' ' Katie 
C." and " Silver Leaf," superb specimens 
of the noble steed. In his political views 
he is a stalwart Republican, and he is a 
popular, genial gentleman, one who wins 
friends wherever he goes, and well merits 
the high regard in which he is held. 

monly known as "Col." Ells- 
worth, one of the most popular 
citizens of Sandusky county, now 
makes his home in Clyde. He was born 
in Mishawaka, St. Joseph Co., Ind., on 
March 20, 1845, and is a son of James 
and Jemima (Wortley) Ellsworth. 

In 1 82 1 James Ellsworth, father of 
our subject, was born in Penn Yan, N. 
Y. , one of a family of three children, the 
others being Aaron and Phoebe, both of 
whom are now deceased. The former on 
coming west located at Castalia, Ohio, 
but his death occurred at South Bend, 
Ind., where he was serving as county 
auditor of St. Joseph county; he was 
one of the prominent Republicans of that 
community. From New York the father 
of our subject first emigrated to Ohio, 
but later became a resident of Mishawaka, 
St. Joseph Co., Ind., and at the time of 
his death, in 1853, was serving as swamp 
land commissioner for that State. He 
was a stalwart Democrat. His wife, who 
was born near Bellevue, Ohio, in 18 19, 
died in i860. They were the parents of 
five children, namely: George, deceased 
in infancy; Florence, who died in child- 



hood; Norman E., oursubject; Fred D., 
a merchant of South Bend, Ind. ; and 
James, who died in bo3'hood in Mish- 
awaka, Indiana. 

Until reaching the age of sixteen, 
Norman E. Ellsworth remained in In- 
diana, a part of his time being passed at 
Mishawaka, the remainder at South 
Bend, at which time he entered the 
Union army. On August 17, 1861, he 
became a member of Company I, Ninth 
Ind. V. I., and was assigned to a division 
in West Virginia under Gen. Rosecrans, 
but later was sent to Nashville, Tenn., 
where he became a member of the army 
of the Cumberland under Buell. He 
participated in the battles of Greenbrier, 
Buffalo Mountain and Pittsburg Landing, 
where he was taken ill and sent to St. 
Louis, Mo. At that place he was dis- 
charged on account of disability, after 
which he came to Clyde, where for ten 
months he lived with his maternal grand- 
mother, Abigail Stone. Mr. Ellsworth 
then enlisted in Company F, Tenth Ohio 
Cavalry, and was detailed as hospital 
steward of Kilpatrick's division of cavalry, 
which was a part of Sherman's army. 
He went with the command on the march 
to the sea, and was all through the Car- 
olina campaigns. With the cavalry he 
remained until he was mustered out in 
August, 1865. 

Mr. Ellsworth was married in Jan- 
uary, 1866, to Miss Jemima Baker, who 
was born in Sandusky county, in 1844, 
and by her marriage has become the 
mother of eight children: Elizabeth, 
Florence, Nellie M., Fred, Norman, Jr., 
George M.,Seth P. and James B., all but 
one of whom are still at home. Since 
the close of the war Mr. Ellsworth has 
been engaged in farming and fruit grow- 
ing, and for four years was connected 
with the lumber business. His farm is 
located on one of the rich sand ridges 
near Clyde, where it may be truthfully 
said there can be more vegetation grown 
to the acre, and at the same time a 

greater variety of cereals and fruits, than 
in any other part of the United States. 
Mr. Ellsworth is a man of good business 
ability, intelligent and enterprising, and 
is widely known for his genial disposition 
and greatness of heart. As before men- 
tioned, he usually goes by the name of 
" Colonel," and is popular with all classes 
of people. He has ever been actively 
interested in the growth and prosperity 
of the community in which he resides, 
and does all in his power for its advance- 
ment. Politicall}', he gives his support 
to the Republican party, while, socially, 
he holds membership with Eaton Post 
No. 55, G. A. R. , and Harnden Com- 
mand No. 37, U. V. U. 

PHILIP DORR was born March 17, 
1 8 1 1 , in Leinsweiler, in that part 
of Bavaria, Germany, known as 
the Rhine Palatinate, and died 
June 18, 1 886, at Fremont, Sandusky 
Co., Ohio. 

He received a good education in the 
schools of his native place, and learned 
the trade of shoemaker. In 1837 he took 
passage for America on a sailing vessel at 
Havre de Grace. The vo3'age was a long 
and most perilous one; fierce storms drove 
the vessel from its course; some of the 
passengers and crew were washed over- 
board, the salt water ruined most of the 
ship's provisions, and it was eighty days 
after starting that the nearly famished 
crew and passengers landed in New York. 
From that city Mr. Dorr proceeded at 
once to Erie, Penn. , and after a short 
sojourn there moved to Sandusky City, 
Ohio, where he lived two or three years. 
In August, 1 841, he came to Lower San- 
dusky (now Fremont), opening a shoe- 
shop on State street, east of the river, 
afterward removing to the Deal corner, 
northeast corner of Front and Garrison 
streets, where his property was destroyed 
by fire. He next removed to a room 
nearly opposite, on Front street, and, later 



increasing his business, he and Edward 
Leppelman purchased land adjoining the 
present building of the First National 
Bank, and built frame stores. These were 
burned down, and in 1856 they erected 
the brick block which now occupies the 
ground. Here Philip Dorr carried on a 
successful trade in boots and shoes for 
many \-ears, and after his death was suc- 
ceeded by his sons under the firm name 
of Dorr Bros., they still continuing the 

In June. 1843, Philip Dorr was mar- 
ried to Miss Anna Meyer, who was born 
in Unter Endingen, Canton Argau, Switz- 
erland, March 18, 181 5, the youngest 
daughter of Jacob and Fanny Meyer. 
She came with her parents and family to 
America in 1S29, stopping a short time 
at Philadelphia, and thence removing 
to Franklin, Penn., where the parents 
died. She afterward came to Sandusky 
City, Ohio, living there until her mar- 
riage, when she removed to Lower Sun- 
dusky (now Fremont). Mr. Dorr died May 
28, 1873. Three sons survive their par- 
ents: Fred H., J. Louis and Henry S. 

DR. D. P. CAMPBELL. Green 
Spring is the most celebrated 
place in Sandusky county. Here 
a great volume of green-hued wa- 
ter strongly saturated with valuable medi- 
cinal qualities gushes forth from the rock- 
bed below the surface. From prehistoric 
times the spot has been noted for its heal- 
ing virtues, and here was the favorite 
haunt of the Seneca tribes; here its chiefs 
met in councils of war or peace, and here 
the sportive Red men gamboled amidst 
the gorgeous coloring of the lavish and 
unceasing waters. The springs have bene- 
fited many thousands of invalids, and to 
no one man perhaps is the public more 
deeply indebted for the privilege of en- 
joying this medicinal boon than to Dr. D. 
P. Campbell, a leading physician and 

surgeon at Green Spring, and one of the 
proprietors of Oak Ridge Sanitarium. 

Dr. Campbell is a native of New 
Hampshire. His early literary education 
was obtained at Pittsfield Academy, near 
his native home. At its completion he 
received special instruction in the classics 
and in mathematics, under Profs. Foster 
j and Goss, the latter being his cousin, who 
were among the ablest instructors in the 
New England States. Dr. Campbell be- 
came a teacher, and for three years was 
superintendent of the public schools in 
Bedford, N. H. He then became inter- 
ested in the sanitarium work, and was 
successively associated with sanitariums 
at Dansville, Livingston Co., N. Y. ; then 
with Dr. Dio Lewis in his select school at 
East Lexington, Mass. ; with Dr. Hero, 
at Westboro, Mass. ; with Dr. W. T. 
Vail, at Hill, N. H. ; with Dr. Martin, at 
Waverly Place, N. Y. , with Dr. R. T. 
Trail, of Philadelphia, Peiins3'lvania. 

Dr. Campbell then went west, and 
with a partner opened a sanitarium at 
Dubuque, Iowa. Later he sold out, and, 
returning to New York City for a year at- 
tended lectures at the Medical Depart- 
ment of the University of New York, 
then went to Cincinnati and graduated in 
medicine with the class of 1877. He 
practiced medicine at Bedford, N. H., 
where he soon gained a large and lucra- 
tive practice. Dr. Campbell then came 
to Green Spring, where he located per- 
manentl}', and soon commanded a larger 
practice than any physician in this part of 
the State. His phenomenal success in- 
duced the proprietors of' the Oak Ridge 
Sanitarium at Green Spring to solicit his 
professional services in that institution. 
In a few months he increased the attend- 
ance from two to 137, and when he sev- 
ered his connection the attendance fell 
off in a short time to one. The Doctor 
has again become interested in the sani- 
tarium, as a proprietor, and by his skill 
and indefatigable labors is again building 
up the institution to its former glory. The 



hotel building is an imposing four-story 
structure, elegantly furnished and finished 
throughout. It contains seventy large 
airy sleeping rooms, admirably ventilated, 
lighted by electricity and heated by steam. 
It has recently been completely renovated 
and refitted. For beauty and diversity 
of scenery the place is unexcelled. The 
"medicine water" for curative proper- 
ties is one of the most noted and valuable 
in the United States. Dr. David C. Bryan, 
of New York, in writing a work on ' ' What 
Shall We Drink, or the Mineral Waters 
of America," requested a specimen of the 
water, and in a subsequent letter thus ex- 
pressed the result of a most careful analy- 
sis: " It is one of the richest waters (medi- 
cinally) that I have ever examined. It is 
exceptionally bright and clear, and there 
are no foul smells or gases held in solution. 
It is remarkable in being at once a sul- 
phur, salt, carbonate, alkaline and slightly 
ferruginous water. The digestive and 
urinary organs are benefited by alkaline 
water, the liver and alimentary canal by 
saline waters, the mucous, respiratory 
membranes and skin by sulphur waters, 
and iron waters have a special action on 
the blood." The color of the water is a 
beautiful emerald, and it is almost as 
transparent as air. Elegant bath rooms 
are provided, and hosts of visitors testify 
to permanent benefits received. 

On June 22, 1878, Dr. Campbell mar- 
ried Miss Alice E. Waterous, and has one 
daughter — Grace T. 

BENEDICT EMCH, now retired, 
Woodville, Sandusk}' county, was 
born in the canton of Solothurn, 
Switzerland, June 8, 1829. It is 
probable that the Emch family had lived 
there for ages — this much, at least, is 
known, that his grandfather lived and died 
in the house in which Mr. Benedict Emch 
was born. 

Our subject is the son of Jacob and 
Elizabeth (Kuntz) Emch, the former of 

whom was also born in Switzerland, came 
to America in 1834, and settled in Wood 
county, Ohio, when that region was a 
pioneer wilderness. He died on June i, 
1859; Elizabeth Kuntz, his wife, was born 
in 1797, and died in 1862, both being 
faithful members of the German Reformed 
Church. They were the parents of four 
children: Jacob, who died in Berne, 
Switzerland, at the age of sixty-seven 
years; Benedict, subject proper of this 
sketch; John, who joined the Union army 
in Wood county, Ohio, and died in a hos- 
pital during the Civil war; Mary, who came 
to America and lived here about nine 
years, married one Benedict Emch, who 
by the way was not related to her family; 
he died, and she returned to Switzerland, 
where she now resides. By his second 
marriage, Jacob Emch had the following 
children: Stephen, Samuel, Elizabeth, 
Ann, Margaret, Rosa, Susan, Sophia, be- 
sides two that died in infancy. 

Benedict Emch came to America in 
1845. He remained in Wood county a 
year with his father, and then went to 
Perrysburg, Ohio, to learn the trade of 
harness-maker. This completed, he was 
prepared to face the world and battle for 
himself. He worked at his trade until 
1852, when the great excitement in Cali- 
fornia attracted his attention, and he de- 
termined to cast his fate among those 
hardy adventurers who pushed their way 
across the great American desert, in cara- 
vans, in search of the yellow metal of the 
Pacific Slope. It took him and his party 
six months, lacking five days, to make 
their overland trip from Maumee City, 
Ohio, to Hankstown (now Placerville), 
the county seat of El Dorado county, Cal. 
Mr. Emch proceeded at once to prospect- 
ing, and a short time after his arrival 
found him located on a claim, and dig- 
ging for gold in El Dorado county. For 
the first year or so he made something 
over a living, but made quite a success of 
gold digging afterward. He remained in 
the gold fields until 1856, when he re- 



turned home b\' the Nicaragua route. In 
Ohio he remained for a few months to 
visit, and, in July of 1856, returned to his 
native Switzerland. He made the voyage 
on a sailing vessel, and after landing, 
traveled through England, studying its 
interesting features, the great cities of 
Liverpool and London, thence by way of 
Rotterdam, Holland, up the River Rhine 
to Manheim, and to his home in Switzer- 
land. In May, 1857, he returned to 
America, bringing with him his mother 
and about twenty other friends. On his 
return to Woodville he engaged in busi- 
ness, keeping a grocery store until the 
spring of 1859, and then, during the Pike's 
Peak gold excitement, started for that 
land of promise across the Plains again, 
and remained there during the summer, 
digging for gold with good success. Hav- 
ing considerable gold on hand in the fall, 
he parchased a team and accoutrements, 
and started back for the States. When 
he reached the vicinity of St. Joseph City, 
Mo., he left his team for keeping, with a 
farmer, and found more convenient trans- 
portation to Ohio. He soon afterward 
proceeded on his way to New Orleans, 
that city having the most convenient 
United States mint, and there he had the 
gold dust coined. Returning from New 
Orleans about the commencement of the 
year, he remained in Ohio, with his 
mother, until spring. In the spring of 
i860 he induced some friends to join him, 
and they went to St. Joseph, Mo., and 
rigged out his team, left there the fall be- 
fore, and again put forth across the west- 
ern sands to rob the rocks of the valuables 
hidden in their dusky caverns. They pros- 
pected in mining that summer in the vi- 
cinity of Denver City. The following fall 
Mr. Emch again returned to St. Joseph, 
Mo., and on his trip across the Plains he 
met the famous "Pony Express," that 
made the fastest time ever made over 
the Plains by a team. They were carry- 
ing to the Territories the news of Presi- 
dent Lincoln's election. Mr. Emch pro- 

ceeded from St. Joseph, Mo., to New 
Orleans again, to get more gold coined. 
The impending war was at this timegrow- 
ing to a fever heat. He had difficulty in 
getting a place to deposit his gold in New 
Orleans, but finally succeeded. From 
there he went to Galveston, Texas, with 
the intention of spending the winter, but 
the Civil war was about to break forth, 
and the excitement was too intense to be 
pleasant. He immediately took his de- 
parture for New Orleans, drew his coined 
gold from the place of deposit, and started 
for Ohio. Remaining there until spring, 
and the war having broken out, he went 
to Pennsylvania to inspect the oil fields, 
soon returning to Ohio, however, and im- 
mediately left for the West, locating in 
the mountains around Denver City. The 
following spring he sold his claim there, 
and started for Oregon, locating on Pow- 
der river, where he built a cabin and 
stayed until December. It was at this 
period that gold was discovered in Idaho, 
and he and his companions started for 
Idaho City with a team of oxen. There 
was from three to four feet of snow on 
the ground when they reached that place. 
The first thing they did was to butcher 
the ox-team in order to secure meat 
enough to live on during the winter. Mr. 
Emch states that the oxen were not over 
fat, but that their team, being old, was 
not the worst beef people had to eat 
there. A crowd of their companions 
butchered their ox-team and borrowed 
Mr. Emch's frying kettle to render the 
tallow. They placed the ingredients in 
the kettle, mixed with water, and, after 
having fried and cooked it and permitted 
it to cool, there was not a sign of tallow 
on the surface of the water. Mr. Emch 
says there was just enough on his own to 
grease one pair of boots. Besides the 
beef, Mr. Emch and his companions had 
with them a keg of molasses and a small 
amount of Hour. They remained in camp 
during winter, doing but little prospect- 
ing, and when the pack trains came in 



the spring, Mr. Emch paid $8o for lOO 
pounds of flour. During the following 
summer they all made some money, and 
remained until the fail of 1868. Mr. 
Emch paid $100 in gold for a stage ticket 
to Sacramento City, going thence to San 
Francisco, where he took a series of baths 
for rheumatism, which he had contracted 
in the mines.' He remained about four 
weeks in the city of the Golden Gate, 
when he bid a final adieu to the West, 
and returned to Ohio by the Panama 
route. He had been here, however, only 
about two months, when his roving spirit 
again got the better of him, and he de- 
termined to see more of his Fatherland 
than he had ever seen before. He started 
for Europe, going from New York City to 
Hamburg, and traveled all through north- 
ern Germany, studying its features and 
the habits of the people. On the trip he 
visited relatives of many of his old friends 
at Woodville, and was thoroughly grati- 
fied with the general information that he 
thus acquired. It was a pleasant recom- 
pense for the dreadful sea voyage, during 
which they had been almost wrecked, and 
which consumed twenty-eight days. On 
his return trip he remained in Switzerland 
from July until the following December, 
and then came back to his home in Amer- 
ica. Before going to Europe he had pur- 
chased the farm he now lives on in Wood- 
ville township; but farming was not to his 
taste, so on his return he located in Wood- 
ville, buying out Charles Powers' general 
store, which he conducted until 1874, and 
then sold out. He had also carried on an 
ashery for some time; but having accumu- 
lated wealth he did not enter heavily into 
business; he attributes his success in life 
greatly to the promptness with which he 
has always met his obligations. With the 
aid of his industrious wife he has cleared 
up the land that he purchased, and their 
excellent brick mansion, erected a few 
years since, is one of the finest in San- 
dusky county. At the present time, Mr. 
Emch is living retired, surrounded by an 

intelligent family, with all the conven- 
iences of life at hand, and ample means 
to sustain him. After the varied career 
of his early days, he is a well contented 

In 1870 Mr. Emch married Miss 
Louisa Sandwisch, who was born in 
Woodville township, Sandusky Co., Ohio, 
March 17, 1844, and five children have 
blessed their union: Edward, born De- 
cember 1 1, 1873, who is now working on 
his father's farm; William, born May 29, 
1875, now a student at Capitol University, 
Columbus, Ohio, studying for the min- 
istry of the Lutheran Church; Carrie, born 
December 2, 1876, at home with her par- 
ents, and George and Gusta (twins), born 
December 25, 1879, now attending school 
at Woodville. Mrs. Emch is the daugh- 
ter of Harmon and Catherine (Mergal) 
Sandwisch, both of whom were born in 
Hanover, Germany, the father in 181 1, 
the mother in 1809. Harmon Sandwisch 
died in Woodville township August 6, 
1854, of cholera; he was a blacksmith by 
trade. Mrs. Sandwisch is still living, in 
Toledo. Their family consists of five 
children: Mary, widow of Jacob Bischoff, 
of Toledo, who has five children; Louisa, 
Mrs. Emch; William R. , living in Fre- 
mont, who married Clorinda Swartzman, 
and has three children; John, of Wood 
county, Ohio, who married Almira Gal- 
lop, and has four children living, and 
Emma, Mrs. Charles Bradt, of Atlanta, 
Ga. , who has one child. 

WILLIAM PRIOR, a prominent 
agriculturist of Rice township, 
Sandusky county, and superin- 
tendent of the De Mars Club 
House, on Mud creek, was born in Ball- 
ville township, Sandusky county, July 17, 
1834, and is a son of John and Mary 
(Arh) Prior. The father was a native of 
Kentucky, and in his early life fought in 
the battle of Fremont under Col. Crogan; 
the mother was a native of Pennsylvania. 



In 1S13. the parents of oursnbject came to 
Ohio, taking up their residence in San- 
dusky county, where they spent their re- 
maining days, the father dying in 1S56, 
at the age of seventy-six years, the mother 
departing this life in 1881, when seventy 
years of age. 

In the usual manner of farm lads of 
the localit}-, ^^'illiam Prior spent the days 
of his boyhood and youth, obtaining his 
education in the district schools of his 
native town, and assisting in the labors 
of the home farm. He has carried on 
agricultural pursuits since attaining his 
majority, and to-day is recognized as one 
of the practical and progressive farmers 
of Sandusky county. He manages his 
business affairs with care, and is straight- 
forward and honorable in all his dealings, 
so that he has won the confidence and 
good will of everyone with whom he has 
been brought in contact. On June 19, 
1859, in the county of his birth, he was 
married to Miss Ellen Tegar, a native of 
Pickaway county, Ohio, and three chil- 
dren came to bless their union, namely: 
Hattie, born June 13, i860, died in 1S65; 
Lottie, born January 13, 1862, died De- 
cember 16, 1879; and Elisha A., born 
May 16, 1S64. Of these, Lottie was 
married Februarj' 26, 1879, to Oscar Pat- 
terson, and one child, Charlotte, was born 
to them December 14, 1879, who is now 
living with her grandparents, Mr. and 
Mrs. William Prior at De Mars Club 
House; she attends the Fremont public 
school, and is a very bright scholar. E. 
A. Prior is one of Fremont's bright, up- 
right young men; for the past seven years 
he has been a member of the Fremont 
Fire Department, and he holds a position 
in the Christain Knife Works. 

In his political views, Mr. Prior is a 
Democrat, and has cast his vote in sup- 
port of the men and measures of tfie 
Democracy since attaining his majority, 
but has never sought or desired office. 
His entire life has been passed in this 
count\', and the fact that those who have 

know him from boyhood are numbered 
among his stanchest friends indicates an 
honorable and upright career, worthy 
the esteem in which he is held. 

ceased), who nobl)' gave his life 
for his country's cause in the war 
of the Rebellion, was born near 
the city of Oswego, Oswego Co., N. Y., 
October 27, 1836. His parents, Merritt 
D. and Maria Potter, lived on a farm near 
Oswego until Henry was about eighteen 
years of age and had received a common- 
school education. 

In the spring of 18 54 the whole family 
started in large moving wagons for Steu- 
ben county, Ind. , and got as far as the 
house of Mr. Daniel Dawley, in Green 
Creek township, Sandusky Co., Ohio, 
when Mrs. Potter was taken sick. Mr. 
Dawley offered them the use of an unoc- 
cupied house, into which they moved, and 
they raised such summer crops as they 
could until fall when they completed their 
journey. Mr. Potter bought a farm in Steu- 
ben county, Ind., and for several years his 
son Henry assisted him in farm work dur- 
ing the summer months, and taught coun- 
try schools in the winter time. In 1857 
Mrs. Potter died, and our subject soon 
after returned to Ohio to work as a farm 
hand for Daniel Dawley, whose daughter, 
Zeruiah Ann, he married September 15, 
1857. Not long after his marriage Mr. 
Potter bought a farm of eight acres of 
heavily-timbered land adjoining that of 
Mr. Dawley on the west, and began mak- 
ing improvements on it. During the 
winter seasons he taught school at the 
Powers schoolhouse, about two miles 
west. Wishing to secure the ready serv- 
ices of a farm hand, he gave permission 
to Daniel McNutt to build a log cabin at 
the rear end of his farm. This cabin was 
destroyed b}- fire in the absence of the 
family; but out of its ashes Mr. Potter 
picked up some lumps of clay which had 



been burned to a bright red color, and 
gave him the first hint that the subsoil 
was excellent material for the brick and 
tile making. 

In the summer of 1863 a volunteer 
company of Home Guards for the mili- 
tary defence of the State of Ohio during 
the Civil war was organized in Ballville 
township, in which Mr. Potter took an 
active part. This organization was known 
as Company K, under command of Capt. 
Jeremiah C. Mudge, later becoming a part 
of the Fiftieth Regiment O. V. I., which 
was organized at Fremont, Ohio, under 
Col. Nathaniel E. Haynes, and in Sep- 
tember of that year attended a grand mili- 
tary review at Toledo, Ohio, in presence 
of Gov. Brough and some military officers 
who feared an invasion of Ohio from 
Canada. A few weeks later Mr. Potter 
went with his company to aid in guarding 
Johnson's Island, in Sandusky Bay, where 
some Rebel officers were confined as pris- 
oners of war. 

The ''scare" was soon over and the 
company was recalled, but Mr. Potter 
had become so aroused in regard to his 
duty to his country in its hour of peril 
that he decided to enlist in the Seventy- 
second Regiment, O. V. I., for three 
years or during the war. All the men of 
that regiment who had agreed to re-en- 
list for three years were granted a vet- 
eran furlough, and were then on their 
way home from Memphis, Tenn. Mr. 
Potter and his friend, Henry Innis, were 
assured that if they enlisted they would 
get the benefits of this furlough, and 
thus have plenty of time to settle their 
home matters before going to the front. 
They enlisted at Fremont, Ohio, Febru- 
ary 27, 1864, in Company F, Capt. 
Le Roy Moore, Seventy-second Regi- 
ment, under Col. R. P. Buckland, whose 
headquarters were at Memphis, Tenn., 
and on March i following went to San- 
dusky City, there to be mustered in and 
receive their township bounty money. 
They next proceeded to Columbus, Ohio, 

to get their State bounty, supposing they 
could return to go with the veterans. In 
this they were disappointed. They were 
sent to Tod Barracks, refused leave of 
absence to visit their friends, and were 
hurried on to the front in company with 
thirteen other raw recruits. Their squad 
proceeded down through Cincinnati, 
Louisville, Nashville, and Chattanooga to 
Stevenson, Ala., then back to Cairo, 111., 
and thence down the Mississippi, to Mem- 
phis, Tenn. Mr. Potter wrote many 
letters to his wife descriptive of the scenes 
he passed through. At Memphis he did 
guard duty at the Navy Yard; saw 
wounded men from Fort Pillow; refused 
a roll of greenbacks as a bribe from a 
Rebel spy, and kept a full diary of every 
day's happenings. He went out on sev- 
eral raids into the enemy's country, tak- 
ing part in the Sturgis raid, but did not 
like the business. The last letter his 
wife ever received trom him, he wrote 
when he was near Ripley, Miss., in which 
he told her not to be uneasy about him. 
In the unfortunate battle at Guntown, 
Mr. Potter and Mr. Innis were captured 
by Rebel cavalry in a thicket of scrub 
oaks while trying to make their escape. 
Mr. Innis advised Mr. Potter, who was 
fleet of foot, to make his escape, and he 
tried to do so, but soon returned saying: 
' ' Hank, I hate to leave you in this way!" 
They were taken to Andersonville prison, 
which they entered June 17, 1864, and 
were there stripped of all their valuables 
as well as some of their clothing. It 
rained, almost constantly during the first 
two weeks, and they had neither shelter 
from the alternate drenching down-pour 
and hot sun, nor comfortable covering 
during the chilly nights, and Mr. Potter 
had onl)' pants, blouse and cap to wear. 
There were then 38,000 men in the en- 
closure, which had recently been enlarged. 
Rations of food were very scant, and 
most of what there was had to be eaten 
raw. After a month's confinement Mr. 
Potter was taken sick with scurvy and 



diarrhoea, and had no medical treatment 
except what his comrades could give him. 
On the 2 1st of August gangrene set in, 
and, at his request, his faithful comrades, 
J. P. Elderkin and Henry Innis, carried 
him outside the stockade where he hoped 
for better air and treatment; but he died 
two days later, in charge of an Illinois 
comrade, to whom he entrusted the pic- 
tures of his wife and children, with a re- 
quest that they be forwarded to the dear 
ones at home, with his own hand direct- 
ing the package. On the day of his death 
io8 Union soldiers were carried out and 
buried in one long trench, he among the 
rest. Their graves were marked with 
slabs giving their name, company and 
regiment. When the news of Mr. Pot- 
ter's death reached his home, a funeral 
service was held in his memory at the 
Dawley schoolhouse, November ist, by 
Rev. James Long, who seven years pre- 
vious had solemnized the deceased's mar- 

Mr. Potter's high sense of honor, his 
pure, home life, his attachment to his 
family, his true friendship in time of trial, 
and his unflinching patriotism, led his 
former comrades, in forming a Grand 
Army Post at Green Spring, Ohio, July 
9, 1 88 1, to name their Post after him. 
He was a man of good natural and ac- 
quired abilities, and had a mind well 
stored with general information on many 
practical subjects. He had been a care- 
ful reader of the New York Tribune, the 
Fremont Journal and the Religious Tel- 
escope. He had been a close observer of 
the events and causes which led to the 
Rebellion, as viewed from a Northern 
standpoint, and was intensely loyal to the 
flag of his country, and opposed to se- 
cession. In religious matters he was 
conscientious, but quiet and unassuming. 
He was an active member of the United 
Brethren Church, and one of the trustees 
of Mt. Lebanon Chapel. Reared a strict 
Methodist, he adhered to that denomina- 
tion until corning into the Dawley neigh- 

borhood. To the last he maintained his 
Christian character, and conscientiously 
sacrificed home comforts, and even life, on 
the altar of his country. 

DANIEL M. POTTER, brick and 
tile manufacturer, located in Ball- 
ville township, Sandusky county, 
was born near his present resi- 
dence, April 19, i860. His parents were 
Henry Jervis and Zeruiah Ann (Dawley) 
Potter, who formerly owned and resided 
on a farm adjoining the one he now occu- 
pies and forming a part of it. Here Dan- 
iel spent his childhood and youth, and at- 
tended a common school on the southeast 
corner of their farm, and also at Green 
Spring, Fremont and Clyde. His father 
having perished at Andersonville prison in 
1864, Daniel early learned those lessons 
of industr}', economy and thrift from his 
widowed mother, in the management and 
care of the farm, and in the raising of 
live stock, which were of great service to 
him in after life. 

On December 25, 1881, he married 
Miss Ettie O., daughter of Chaplain R. 
and Ellen (Morrison) Huss, of Green 
Creek township, and entered upon life for 
himself on the farm he now occupies. 
After farming two years he decided to 
embark in the brick and tile business. 
He began in a small way, and, as the de- 
mands for his tile increased, enlarged his 
facilities from year to year, until in 1893 
he gave constant employment to nineteen 
hands, several teams, and turned off 
about five hundred thousand tile, of all 
sorts and sizes, adapted to the needs of 
the farmers in his vicinity. He also did 
some shipping of tile abroad. He was 
led to engage in the brick and tile busi- 
ness from having heard in his childhood a 
remark made by his father to the effect 
that if he ever built a new house on that 
farm it should be of brick burned by him- 
self, as he had noticed that the clay mor- 
tar used in the construction of a log cabin 



on a corner of his farm by a renter had 
turned to a bright red color when the 
cabin was burned to the ground by acci- 
dent. Mr. Potter is a member of Green 
Spring Lodge, I, O. O. F., at Green 
Spring, Ohio, and in poHtics is a Repub- 
lican. The children of Daniel and Ettie 
Potter are: Mabel Ellen, born August 30, 
18S4; Henry J., born May 30, 1886; and 
James C, born August 31, 1891. 

Mrs. Potter, the mother of our sub- 
ject, was born September 8, 1838, in 
Sandusky county, in which county she 
was for sometime a teacher in the public 
schools. To Mr. and Mrs. Henry Potter 
were born three children: Jervis, born in 
1858, and died in infancy; Daniel, our 
subject, and Clara M. (Mrs. C. M. Wolf), 
born August 2, 1861. 

Mrs. Daniel Potter, the wife of our 
subject, was born July 24, i860, in Green 
Creek township, Sandusky Co., Ohio. 
She was educated in high school at Green 
Spring, and was a teacher in Sandusky 
count}' for nine terms. Her father was born 
February 11, 1838, in Sandusky county; 
his wife was born March 18, 1838, in 
Sandusky county; they were of Scotch 
and Irish descent. To them were born 
three children, as follows: Mrs. Potter; 
Eva Huss (Mrs. Chas. Ruth), born April 
21, 1863; and Burton W. Huss, born 
April 23, 1869. The mother died Sep- 
tember 19, 1894. Mrs. Potter's paternal 
grandparents. Christian and Catharine 
(Rathburn) Huss, were born February 21, 
1 81 5, and March 3, 181 8, respectively; 
he died August 3, 1864; she died August 
20, 1893. Her maternal grandparents 
were born in Ireland, and came to Amer- 
ica in 1830. 

GEORGE HIETT, a well-to-do 
farmer and manufacturer of Jack- 
son township, Sandusky count}', 
was born March 7, 1834, in Seneca 
county, Ohio, and has resided in Sandusky 
county from the age of ten years. 

Our subject is a son of George Hiett, 
Sr. , who was born October 12, 1792, in 
Jefferson county, Va., and moving thence 
to Seneca county, Ohio, lived there twen- 
ty years. Pleasant township, Seneca 
county, was named by him. Returning 
to Virginia, he remained three years, and 
then came to Ballville township, San- 
dusky county, where he bought 300 acres 
of land on the west bend of the Sandusky 
river, at $25 per acre. George Hiett, 
Sr. , was in religious connection a mem- 
ber of the M. E. Church, in politics a 
Republican, and held the ofTice of justice 
of the peace one term in Seneca county. 
He died March i, 1875, in his eighty- 
third year. He wedded Miss Lydia Mul- 
nix, who was born October 19, 1798, and 
died in February, 1891, and their chil- 
dren were Mary, born April 3, 1819, who 
was married to Thomas Johnson in San- 
dusky county, where they resided some 
time, moving thence to Kansas, where he 
died in 1884, leaving two children — 
George and Lydia J. ; William, born 
December 28, 1820, who married Celia 
Chineoweth, by whom he had ten chil- 
dren; Elizabeth, born December 22, 
1822, who married Martin Edwards, a 
farmer, and had three children — William, 
John and Mary; John W., born Novem- 
ber II, 1824, who married Mary Beecham, 
by whom he had four children — Irving, 
Ella, Oliver and Russell (John W. Hiett 
was a graduate of Oberlin College, and 
was a teacher and superintendent in the 
Fremont schools in 1853-54-55, and in 
the Maumee schools in 18 59-60-6 1-62; 
during recent years he lived in Toledo, 
Ohio, where he dealt in real estate. He 
was among the organizers of the Anti- 
slavery Society in Virginia. He was a 
zealous member of the M. E. Church. 
He died August 16, 1894); Catharine, 
born March 4, 1827, married to Henry 
Kenyon, and had four children — Edward, 
Lillie, Emma and John; Henry, born 
August 13, 1829, married Jane Hall, and 
moved to Riverside, Cal., where thev have 



a large fruit farm (their children are — 
Robert, Phoebe and Mary); Rebecca, born 
October 24, 1831; James, born March 7, 
1834, a farmer, who married Martha 
Louisa Bowhis, and has three children — 
Edward. Effie and Martha; George, twin 
brother of James; Jacob, born in 1836; 
and Asa S., born in 1839. 

At the age of ten years our subject, 
George Hiett, came with his father to 
Ballville township, Sandusky Co., Ohio, 
and assisted in farming on the banks of 
Sandusky river. At the age of twenty- 
one he left his father's home, and com- 
mencing life for himself followed farming 
for some time. Being a natural me- 
chanic he erected a sawmill on the farm 
where he now lives, at Bruner Station, 
five miles southwest of Fremont, on the 
line of the L. E. & W. railroad, where he 
and his sons, under the firm name of 
George Hiett & Sons, manufacture lumber, 
sorghum, ground feed, and a combination 
fence. The mill is valued at $3,000. Mr. 
Hiett is also a patentee of a cane stripper 
and binder, which is a great labor-saver, 
and has a capacity of sixty bundles per 
hour; the patent is estimated to be worth 
$70,000. Mr. Hiett's farm is in the oil 
district, and is very valuable property. 

On December 21, 1856, George 
Hiett married Miss Elizabeth Mosier, 
who was born March 6, 1834, daughter 
of Jacob and Elizabeth Mosier, na- 
tives of Pennsylvania, who had a family 
of ten children. To this union were born 
children as follows: Emma Alice, born 
September 27, 1857, married December 
25, 1888, to Lewis C. Smith, a farmer, 
and has one child — Ralph, born Septem- 
ber 4, 1 891; Lydia Jeannette, born March 
15, 1859, married October 19, 1892, to 
George Barnt, a farmer and carpenter; 
Charles Elliott, born March 22, 1861, 
who, in May, 1888, married Hattie Bink- 
ley, and has four children — Hazel (born 
February 17, 1889), Howard (who died 
in childhood), Eva E. (born June 17, 
1890, died June 20, 1890), and Paul 

C. (born July 31, 1893); George A., born 
July 24, I863, who married Nettie Beck, 
October 25, 1893; Orven L. , born De- 
cember 19, 1865, a farmer; King Henry, 
born January 15, 1867, a farmer, who 
was married March 14, 1894, to Minnie 
Baumgardner, of Ballville township; Lil- 
lie Vilota, born May 6, 1870, married 
February 20, 1894, to Albert C. Ward, a 
prosperous businessman of Toledo, Ohio; 
Dora Elizabeth, was born February 3, 
1873, married December 25, 1894, to 
Charles L. Flora, a natural mechanic and 
the patentee of several new and useful 

worthy citizens of German birth 
who have found homes in San- 
dusky county, and rank among 
her leading agriculturists, is the gentle- 
man whose name opens this sketch. He 
was born in Germany October 6, 1820, 
and is the eldest son of John Henry and 
Mary (Ornick) Brinkman, both of whom 
were also natives of Germany. They 
were farming people, and resided in that 
country throughout their lives. 

Our subject was reared and educated 
in the land of his birth, and in 1858 
sailed for America, for he hoped to better 
his financial condition in this country, of 
whose privileges and advantages he had 
heard much. He landed at Castle Gar- 
den, New York, without money, but with 
a plentiful supply of energy and resolu- 
tion. He came at once to Sandusky 
county, Ohio, and, in order to earn a liv- 
ing, began work as a day laborer, being 
thus employed for three years. He 
worked early and late, and lived frugally, 
and at the expiration of that period had 
saved enough money with which to pur- 
chase forty acres of timber land. With 
characteristic energy he began to improve 
it, and acre by acre was cleared and 
placed under the plow, until to-day he 



has a well-developed tract and a pleasant 
home, all the result of his own labor. 

Mr. Brinkman was united in marriage 
with Miss Mary E. Alt, a daughter of John 
Alt, of Germany, where their wedding 
was celebrated in 1845. They became 
the parents of three children, all sons, to 
wit: Henry, now deceased; Frank, a far- 
mer residing in Washington township, 
who married Allie Lenz, and has one 
child; and John, who was born November 
14, 1866, in Sandusky county. His edu- 
cational privileges were very meager, but 
he has made the most of his opportuni- 
ties, and in the school of experience has 
gained a good, practical business knowl- 
edge. He is now at home with his father, 
and carries on the farm. He is a pro- 
gressive, enterprising young agriculturist, 
and in the management of the home place 
displays good business ability. The father 
and son are both supporters of the De- 
mocracy, and members of the Lutheran 
Church, and in the community where 
they reside are highly respected people. 

JOHN FANGBONER, auditor of San- 
dusky county, Ohio, was born in 
Union county, Penn., June 3, 1845, 
son of James and Catharine (Hick) 

James Fangboner was born in 18 12 
in New Jersey, from which State he re- 
moved, when a young man, to Union 
county, Penn., where he married, and 
followed the trade of wagon-maker, in 
connection with farming. His death oc- 
curred in 1892. Mrs. Fangboner was 
born in Easton, Penn., in 181 1, and is 
now residing at Lewisburg, that State. 
They were the parents of six children, 
who became heads of families. John 
Fangboner was reared in Union county, 
Penn., and at the age of sixteen enlisted 
in the Union army, but was rejected on 
account of his youth. He afterward en- 
listed, February 24, 1864, in Company 

K, Fifty-first P. V. I., was assigned to 
the Army of the Potomac, and saw active 
service, participating in several important 
battles, and being wounded in the second 
battle of the Wilderness. He was honor- 
ably discharged at Trenton, N. J., July 
25, 1865. After the war he located at 
Lewisburg, Penn., and within a short 
time came to Lindsey, Sandusky Co., 
Ohio, where he engaged in the business 
of buying, preparing for market, and 
shipping live-stock. in 1887 he removed 
to Fremont in order to prosecute his busi- 
ness on a larger scale, and recently he has 
devoted most of his time to the buying, 
feeding and shipping of sheep, in which 
he excels, both in the magnitude and 
management of his undertakings. His 
sheep barns are models of convenience 
and comfort for the handling of sheep. 
One of them is 120x68 in dimensions, 
two are 20 x 100 feet; there is another 
100x28 feet, and one shed 100x36 feet. 
He has granaries and sheds in close prox- 
imity to each other, and he fed more than 
6,000 sheep within the year 1894. He 
makes his purchases in Chicago and else- 
where. Mr. Fangboner also does an ex- 
tensive business in the buying, packing and 
shipping of hay and straw, having a num- 
ber of presses of his own in almost con- 
stant operation. He ships annually not 
less than 800 car-loads of farm products, 
for which he pays the farmers many hun- 
dreds of thousands of dollars. Mr. Fang- 
boner is a Republican in politics, and 
takes a laudable interest in public affairs. 
He has held many offices of honor and 
trust, having served on the school board 
at Lindsey for six years, and was a mem- 
ber of the village council two years. On 
his removal to Fremont he was elected a 
member of the city council. In Novem- 
ber, 1893, he was elected auditor of San- 
dusky county, on the Republican ticket, 
and is the present incumbent, assisted by 
his son, Irvin T. , as deputy. He is well 
and favorably known in society circles. 
Socially, he is a member of the K. of H., 



the Royal Arcanum and the National 

In 1 87 1 John Fangboner married Miss 
Hensel, daughter of Adam and Mary 
(Benner) Hensel. She died at Lindsay, 
Ohio, in 1S74, the mother of two chil- 
dren, Irvin T. and Myrtella. Mr. Fang- 
boner married, for his second wife, Miss 
Emma, daughter of Jacob Faller, of 
Fremont, Ohio, and they have one child, 
Raymond. Irvin T. Fangboner, the 
well-known, competent, and highly es- 
teemed deputy auditor of Sandusky 
county, was for five years assistant teller 
in the First National Bank of Fremont, 
Ohio. He is a member of several social 
clubs and societies in the city, belongs to 
the B. P. O. Elks, the Masonic Frater- 
nity, the National Union and the Sons of 
Veterans. In religious connection he is a 
member of the Reformed Church of Fre- 
mont, in which he has served in various 
official positions. 

known citizens of Gibsonburg, 
Sandusky county, is a veterinary 
surgeon, and has been practicing 
his profession since early in life. He was 
born in the County of Kent, England, 
February 15, 18 19. 

The parents of our subject were 
Thomas and Mary (Court) Richards, the 
former of whom died in the county of 
Kent, England, when seventy-eight years 
old. He was a farmer by occupation, 
and was a strong, rugged man. He was 
a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church. The mother was also born in 
the County of Kent, England, and lived 
to be one hundred and one years old. 
She was never sick until the time of her 
death. Her father was Clement Court, 
a farmer by occupation, and her mother, 
who was born in Worcester, England, was 
the daughter of a veterinary surgeon. 

George Richards gained a fair educa- 
tion in the schools of East Kent, and 

assisted his father upon the farm until 
fourteen years of age, when he was ap- 
prenticed to his uncle until he was twenty- 
one, learning the profession of a veterin- 
ary surgeon. He then went to London 
and studied at Greenwich Hospital for a 
year, when he took his diploma and began 
practice with his uncle in Kent. There 
he remained two years, and was then ap- 
pointed as veterinary and bailiff under 
Lord Sands. This position he filled for 
over five years, and then took the man- 
agement of a tavern in West Kent called 
the "Bull Inn," which he conducted for 
two and a half years, when he sold out 
and became the proprietor of the " Drum 
Inn," East Kent, remaining there some 
three years. This propert}' he disposed 
of in 1859, and then emigrated to America. 
Mr. Richards at first located in Rich- 
field, Ohio, and engaged in the butcher- 
ing business until 1861, when, the Civil 
war breaking out, he enlisted in the 
Second Battalion, Ohio Cavalry, serving 
two and a half years. He was sent from 
Camp Dennison to St. Louis and Kansas 
City, Mo., and was in the expedition in 
search of Quantrell's band of bush- 
whackers. They had an exciting chase, 
in which they captured si.\ of Quantrell's 
men. About this time Mr. Richards' wife 
was taken sick, and died, so he returned 
home. He then located in Lorain coun- 
ty, Ohio, on Butternut Ridge, where he 
lived until 1S64, in which year he went 
to Wood county and bought land. This 
he traded for land beyond Summit. He 
made a business of buying and selling 
land, in the meantime practicing his pro- 
fession as a veterinary surgeon, having as 
much as he could do in that line. He is 
now the owner of a good property, and 
although he has practically retired from 
business, he still does some work in his 
profession. Mr. Richards was married in 
1850, in England, to Mary Bramble, who 
died during the Civil war, in 1863, in Lake 
township. Wood Co., Ohio. Of this 
union there were born the following chil- 



dren: Margery; George, who married 
Clara Hedricks, and has three children — 
Esther, Harry and Daisy; Mary, the wife 
of David Ively, has four children — Harry, 
Charley, George and Fred; Margaret died 
when twenty-three years old; Sarah mar- 
ried W. Fought, and has one child — 
Arthur; Margaret died when one year old. 
For his second wife Mr. Richards mar- 
ried Miss Sarah Weaver, who was born 
in Franklin, Penn., in 1849. The chil- 
dren of this marriage are: Lottie, the wife 
of John Mull (they have three children — 
Melvin, Ira and Ethel); Fred, married to 
Miss Mame Foster; Clara, deceased; 
William, Efhe, Emma, Henry, Jemima, 
Eddie and Bessie. 

Mr. Richards is a Republican in poli- 
tics. In religion he is a member of the 
United Brethren Church, and has been 
very active in all good works, helping to 
build three or four churches. He is a 
man of intelligence and a good conversa- 

HENRY A. WINTER. This gen- 
tleman, who is one of the most 
prominent farmers and stock rais- 
ers of Townsend township, San- 
dusky county, has, by his sterling integ- 
rity, honest and straightforward dealing, 
earned for himself an enviable reputation 
and a good name. He is a son of Daniel 
and Mary (Dale) Winter, and was born 
January 8, 1838, upon the homestead 
farm, on which he still resides. 

Daniel Winter, who was of German 
ancestry, was born in Hagerstown, Md., 
March 30, 1797, and was a son of Chris- 
tian and Palmer Winter, who removed to 
Canada about 1800, locating near Fort 
Erie, where they resided until 181 2. On 
the breaking out of the war of 18 12 
Christian Winter entered the ranks of the 
American army; but, as he had pre- 
viously taken the oath of allegiance to 
the British Crown, the Canadian author- 
ities endeavored to enroll him into their 

army, and during the war he had many 
narrow escapes from capture by the Brit- 
ish. After the close of the struggle he 
settled in Erie county, Ohio, where he 
resided until his death. He was an up- 
right, honored citizen, and his memory will 
long be cherished. Daniel Winter was 
three years old when he was taken by his 
parents to Canada, and he was there 
reared to manhood. He also was drafted 
into the British army, but escaped and 
settled in Erie county, Ohio, where he 
engaged in agricultural pursuits until 1 82 i , 
when he removed to what was then called 
the Prairies (now Townsend township), 
where he spent the remainder of his days. 
In Erie county, Ohio, April 6, 1831, he 
was united in marriage with Mary Dale, a 
lady of German ancestry, born in Dan- 
ville, Penn., February 1 1, 1800, and they 
had four children, as follows: J. Nelson, 
born April 26, 1834, and residing in Clyde, 
Sandusky county; Henry A., the subject 
of this sketch; Ralph J., born November 
20, 1842, died April 18, 1885; and Mary 
E., born September 11, 1S45, died at Madi- 
son, Ga. , March 27, 1889. On June 24, 
1869. Daniel Winter was called from 
earth, beloved of all who knew him. 

Henry A. Winter has passed his whole 
life in Townsend township, was educated 
in the district school, and since early 
youth has been engaged in farming and 
stock raising. In Erie county, Ohio, May 
28, 1874, Mr. Winter was united in mar- 
riage with Bella Ntill, who was born in 
Delaware, Delaware Co., Ohio, April 17, 
1857, and they have had children, their 
names and dates of birth being as follows: 
Ralph, February 27, 1875; Allan, July 4, 
1876; Louis, February 18, 1878; Daniel, 
July 7, 1879; Charles, June 21, 1880; 
Edith, August 4, 1882; and Neil, Feb- 
ruary 27, 1884. The parents of Mrs. 
Winter, Louis and Jeannette S. (Gaw) 
Neill, were both born in Sandusky City, 
Erie county, and both are still living. 
Mr. Winter is a Republican in politics, 
and the family attend the United Brethren 



Church. Mrs. Winter is a school director 
for Sandusk}' county, being the first lady 
director ever elected in the county. 

NB. ERVIN, M. D., one of the 
most successful medical practi- 
tioners of Sandusky county, as 
well as one of the most enterpris- 
ing and deserving business men, is a resi- 
dent of Gibsonburg. He was born near 
Mansfield, Ohio, January 15, 1853, son of 
Ezekiel and Sarah (Kerr) Ervin. 

Ezekial Ervin was born in October, 
1799, in Westmoreland county, Penn., 
and about 1830 migrated to Richland 
county, Ohio, where, with his brother-in- 
law, Jesse Swann, he opened up a wilder- 
ness farm. The rails of this pioneer farm 
were made from walnut lumber, which in 
after years became almost priceless in 
value. Sarah (Kerr), the mother of our 
subject, was also a native of Westmore- 
land county. They remained lifelong 
citizens of Richland county, the mother 
dying in 1865, the father surviving till 
1S80. He had only one brother — who 
remained in Pennsylvania and left two 
sons — but several sisters, one of whom 
had married Jesse Swann. The children 
of Ezekiel and Sarah Ervin, were as fol- 
lows: James, a soldier of the Civil war, 
who, in the spring of 1865, when on his 
way home on parole from a Rebel prison, 
was killed in the steamer "Sultana" 
horror near Vicksburg; William, who died 
in childhood; John M., a harness-maker 
of Mansfield; Mary, who died in child- 
hood; Dr. N. B., subject of this sketch; 
Ruth, wife of James McCulley, of Toledo; 
Ira, who died at Clyde, aged twenty-six 
years; and Sadie, deceased wife of Howard 

Our subject grew up on his father's 
farm, and in addition to his common- 
school education, took an academic course 
at Perrysville, Ohio. He then attended 
medical lectures at the Cleveland Medical 
School, the Medical Department of 

Wooster University, graduating with the 
class of 1 88 1. The young physician at 
once opened an office at Gibsonburg, and 
he has remained here ever since. He 
quickly won the confidence of the com- 
munity by his professional skill, and has 
from the first enjoyed a large practice. 
In 1893 Dr. Ervin opened a drug store, 
which he still owns; but he devotes his 
time chiefly to his practice. He is also 
interested in various enterprises which 
are materially helping the village and 
county: He is a charter member, a stock- 
holder and a director of the Gibsonburg 
Banking Company; he was president of 
the first gas company ever organized at 
Gibsonburg, the Gibsonburg National Gas 
and Oil Company, and now has interests 
in that and in the Ervin Oil Company, 
who control considerable land and own 
about thirty wells, being largely engaged 
in the oil industry. He is also financially 
interested with Williams Bros, in the oil 
fields, and is a member of the Buckeye 
Torpedo Co., who are engaged in the 
manufacture of nitro-glycerine for shoot- 
ing oil wells. In politics the Doctor is a 
Republican. Socially, he is a prominent 
member of the I.O.O. F., the K. of P., 
the Knights of the Maccabees, and the 
Masonic Fraternity. Professionally he is 
a member of the State Medical Society, 
and also of the Sandusky County Medical 
Society. The town of Gibsonburg is in- 
debted for its prosperity to men of the 
courage and conviction of Dr. Ervin. 
He is a leader in financial operations, and 
has displayed a rare good judgment in the 
undertakings with which he has been as- 

On September 9, 1880, Dr. Ervin 
was married, near Mansfield, to Miss 
Josephine Smith, a native of Wayne 
county, and they have a family of four 
children: Mabel, born January 2, 1882; 
James Sidney, born January 20, 1886; 
Norman, born September 9, 1889; and 
Dale, born November 12, 1893. Mrs. 
Ervin was born July 23, 1859, daughter 

Ot^^- f>vn^~-n^ 7aM:. 



of John and Rebecca (Gillam) Smith, and 
received her education in Richland and 
Wayne counties, Ohio. Her father was 
born July 24, 1820, her mother June 3, 
1 82 1, and they were the parents of seven 
children, of whom four are now living, 
as follows: Josephine (Mrs. Ervin); Mrs. 
Mary Robinson, of Lucas, Ohio; Mrs. 
Ellen Irvin, of Mansfield, Ohio; and Mrs. 
Lizzie Wallace, of Lucas, Ohio. Mr. 
Smith came to his death. May 25, 1890, 
by the explosion of a quantity of dyna- 
mite; his wife survived him until 1893. 
Mrs. Ervin's paternal grandfather, Daniel 
Smith, was born about 1798, and mar- 
ried Anna Hartford, who died at an early 
age, leaving a family of five children. 
Her maternal grandfather, William Gil- 
lam, wedded Mary I\ennedy, who was 
born about 1800, and died in 1874; to 
this union were born seven children, of 
whom one is living. 

LOUIS LINKE, one of the substan- 
tial farmers of northern Ohio, was 
born May 12, 1837, in Hanover, 
Germany, and is a son of Herman 
H. and Anna (Thorman) Linke, who were 
born in Hanover, Germany, in Novem- 
ber, 1795, and in September, 1798, re- 

Herman H. Linke and his wife Anna 
were the parents of four children, name- 
ly: Anna M., born in 1820, who married 
Clarence Ulgerslinger, a tailor, and they 
live in Germany; Annie Mary, born in 
1825, married Christopher Rolfus, a 
maker of wooden shoes, and they live in 
Germany; Aberhart, born in 1825, now a 
farmer in Woodville township, Sandusky 
county, married to Sophia Hilker, and 
they have six children — Annie, Sophia, 
Herman, and three who died young; and 
Ludwig Henry, or Louis, the subject of 
this sketch. 

Louis Linke came to America with his 
parents in the fall of 1852. In eighteen 
weeks from the time they left the Father- 

land they located in Ohio, visiting first at 
his uncle's, in Troy township, Wood coun- 
ty. He then went to his brother, who 
owned a farm, and stayed there for a 
time, working out at different places un- 
til his marriage. On March 7, i860, 
Louis Linke married Maria Hurdelbrink, 
who was born October 8, 1839, in Han- 
over, Germany, and nine children have 
been born to them, as follows: Herman 
Henry, March 18, 1861, now a farmer in 
Woodville township, Sandusky Co., Ohio, 
married to Ganna Sandwisch, and has two 
children — Ida and Lizzie; Elizabeth, born 
April 6, 1862, died young; Eberhart 
Henry, born August 28, 1863, now a 
farmer in Clay township, Ottawa county, 
who married Louisa Obermeyer, and they 
have had two children, Minnie and Ed; 
Annie Louisa, born August 1 1, 1866, mar- 
ried to Herman Sander, a farmer of Ot- 
tawa county, and they have three chil- 
dren — Louis, Carrie and Dora; Eberhard 
Henry, born June 24, 1868, died August 
22, 1869, aged one year and twenty-eight 
days, and was buried at Woodville ; Sophia 
Eliza, born May 11, 1871, married Fred 
Shulte, a farmer of Sandusky county, and 
has one child — Louis; Anna Maria Car- 
rie, born August 26, 1874, unmarried and 
living at home; John Ludwig, born March 
30, 1879, living at home; and Maria Eliza, 
born December 18, 1883, deceased when 

Mrs. Louis Linke's parents came to 
America in 1837, and only remained in 
the East a short time. They were very 
poor, and her father worked by the day 
among the farmers. Coming to Ohio, 
they lived for a short time with a friend 
named Hartman. Her father worked out, 
and saved his money, bought forty acres 
of land, pat up a log cabin, and began 
clearing. This land he kept for several 
years, and then sold it. Later he bought 
eighty acres, all but two of which were in 
timber, and cleared about half of this. 
Before he died this farm was divided 
among the children. He was born in 



1S03, and died in 1 8/ 7; his wife was born 
in 1800, and died in 1867. Mrs. Linke's 
brothers and sisters were as follows: 
Henry, born in 1834, married Angeline 
Starke, by whom he has had eight chil- 
dren (he has a farm of eighty acres in 
Woodville township which he rents, and 
lives retired with his children in Toledo, 
Ohio); William, a farmer of Woodville 
township, married Louisa Coleman, and 
they have seven children; and Eliza and 
Angeline, who died young. 

In 1 86 1 Mr. Linke bought 126 acres 
of timberland, all in the woods, put up a 
log cabin, and began clearing. In 1864 
he sold twenty-five acres to his brother, 
since when he has owned, in all, 238 
acres. He now has 149 acres, and car- 
ries on general farming. He is one of 
the oldest members of the Lutheran 
Church in Troy township. Wood Co., 
Ohio. In politics a Democrat, he was 
trustee for eleven years, and supervisor 
several years. He is an upright, honest 
man, does not show the marks of his 
years of hard work, and has not yet a 
gray hair in his head. 

REV. NOAH HENRICKS, a retired 
farmer and minister, now residing 
in the village of Lindsey, San- 
dusky county, has witnessed, as 
few others have, the marvelous transfor- 
mation of a tangled and almost impass- 
able jungle into a pastoral region of sur- 
passing fertility and beauty. 

He was a lad of tender years, with 
mind keenly susceptible to impressions, 
when his father, a prominent pioneer and 
farmer, moved from the rugged hills and 
valleys of Perry county to the noted 
" Black Swamp " of northwestern Ohio. 
Gifted with a prescience of their future 
value, he bought extensively from the 
government the rich swamp-covered lands 
of Washington township, Sandusky coun- 
ty, trusting to the coming years to vindi- 
cate the soundness of his judgment in 

thus investing in lands which most pio- 
neers avoided. The scene was truly un- 
inviting. Log-choked streams lazily 
flooded the entire region, and rank veget- 
able growth contended with the slimy 
waters for supremacy over the soil. Vine- 
clad monarchs of the forest with tops in- 
terlaced, and with trunks inclined at every 
conceivable angle, conspired to keep the 
rays of the sun from the oozy surface. 

Hither in 1830 came Jacob and Eliza- 
beth (Hufford) Henricks and their eight 
children, the ninth and youngest being a 
native of the new home. Jacob Hen- 
ricks, who was born in Pennsylvania, 
moved with his parents, in 1807, to Perry 
county, Ohio, was there married to Eliza- 
beth Hufford January 15, 181 1, and there 
remained until his migration to Sandusky 
county in 1830. His children were as 
follows: Katie, born December 8, 181 1, 
married George Hetrick, and died in 
1894, leaving ten children; Sarah, born 
July 29, 1 8 14, married John Overmyer, 
and is now deceased; John, born Novem- 
ber 8, 1 816; Noah, subject of this sketch, 
born Nouember 13, 1818; Susan, born 
January 14, 1821, now living in Indiana, 
widow of Samuel Rerrick; Rebecca, born 
December 6, 1822, wife of Jacob Wagg- 
ner, of Indiana; Jonah, born December 
9, 1824; Elizabeth, born May 20, 1827, 
now the wife of Jonas Engler, and resid- 
ing near Flat Rock; Jacob, born August 
16, I S3 1, a farmer of Wood county, 

After his removal to Sandusky county 
Noah Henricks, the subject of this sketch, 
attended the district schools until his 
seventeenth year, when he began a course 
of study, preparatory to entering the 
ministry in the German Baptist Church. 
When thus equipped. Rev. Henricks 
filled the pulpit for four years, preaching 
in Ohio and throughout Illinois. He 
filled the station of a bishop, which per- 
mitted him to preach without restriction, 
and not requiring him to follow the cir- 
cuit and stay but one year in each place. 



In January, 1831, his father purchased 
160 acres of land in Washington town- 
ship, and this, from 1850 to 1890, was the 
home of our subject. He married Miss 
Katie Reed, daughter of Joseph and Sarah 
(Swinehart) Reed, who in an early day 
migrated from Pennsylvania, their native 
State, to Perry county, Ohio, and in 
1833 came to Washington township, San- 
dusky county, where they died. In relig- 
ious belief they were Lutherans. They 
had a family of eleven children, as fol- 
lows: Elizabeth, Samuel, Katie, Polly, 
Peter, John, Jonathan, Rebecca, Eliza, 
Caroline, and an infant unnamed. To 
Rev. Noah and Katie Henricks have been 
born four children: John, who married 
Catharine Yagle, and had four children — 
Alice (married to William Engler), and 
Arda, Clara and Esta (all three single); 
Sarah, widow of Jess Hetrick; Elizabeth, 
wife of Charles Buck, a farmer in San- 
dusky county, who has three children — 
Ida, Noah and Jennie; and Emily, who 
married John Ansbach, a lumberman of 
Oak Harbor, and has two children — 
Willie and Roily. In 1890 Rev. Mr. Hen- 
ricks moved to the village of Lindsey, 
where he expects to pass his remaining 
days in comfort, and amidst the scenes 
which bring back many pleasant memories 
of the long ago. 

JBAUMANN & SON. Among the 
enterprising business men of Fre- 
mont, perhaps no firm is more widely 
and favorably known throughout 
Sandusky county than the firmof J. Bau- 
mann & Son, proprietors of the " Central 
Meat Market," corner of Croghan and 
Arch streets, opposite the City Hall. 

Jacob Baumann, Sr. , the senior pro- 
prietor, was born in Villigen, Switzerland, 
December 6, 1827, a son of Henry and 
Verena (Hartman) Baumann, who lived 
on a farm near the borders of Baden. 
He attended school in his native place 
until fifteen years of age, when he learned 

the trade of butcher. On May 10, 1850, 
he married Miss Eli^zabeth Vogt, daughter 
of John Vogt, a farmer, who afterward 
emigrated to America and settled in San- 
dusky county, Ohio. In the fall of the 
year 1854 Mr. Baumann came to America 
with his family, crossing the Atlantic 
Ocean in the sailing vessel "Canvas 
Back" from Havre to New York City in 
forty-three days. Coming thence to Fre- 
mont, Ohio, he located on the east side 
of the Sandusky river, and worked at his 
trade as a butcher. The following year 
he kept a meat market at Clyde, Ohio. 
Returning to Fremont in 1856, he opened 
a grocery store and meat market on State 
street, in the Third ward, on the corner 
now occupied by Kline's block. In 1857 
he sold out this business and removed to 
the West side, where he established an 
e.xclusively meat market. His "Central 
Market" was established by him in 1875. 
In the year 1877 his son, Jacob Baumann, 
Jr., became an equal partner with him, 
and they have continued together until the 
present time. Their patronage is such 
that for a number of years it has required 
the annual purchase of more than ten 
thousand dollars' worth of live stock, 
chiefly from the farmers of the surround- 
ing country. They are quiet and unas- 
suming in their manners, but possessed of 
a genial, friendly nature, and an obliging 
disposition. They are masters of their 
business, and their reputation for sound 
judgment and strict integrity is such that 
among farmers and city patrons their 
word is as good as their bond. In the 
year 1882 J. Baumann, Sr. , built a fine 
brick mansion on Croghan street, oppo- 
site the Court House yard, which has 
since that time been occupied as a family 
residence, and is an ornament to the city. 
The children of Jacob Baumann, Sr. , and 
his wife Elizabeth, lu'c Vogt, were: Jacob 
Baumann, Jr. ; Anna Baumann, who died 
at the age of forty-two years; Eliza Bau- 
mann, at home; Albert V., whose sketch 
appears elsewhere; and Hattie, at home. 



Jacob Baumann, Jr., junior member 
of the firm of J. Baumann & Son, was 
born in Switzerland July 23, 1850, and 
came with his parents to Fremont, where 
he received a limited school education, and 
learned to follow the occupation of his fa- 
ther. He married November i, 1877, 
Miss Minna Richards, daughter of Prof. 
Frederick Richards. She died July i 5, 
1892, the mother of children as follows: 
Gertrude Leone, born August 9, 1879; 
Albert Otto, born October 24, 1880; 
Frederick Jacob, who died in infancy; 
and Frieda, born July 30, 1886. On Oc- 
tober 30, 1894, Mr. Baumann married 
Miss Ida Stapf, who was born March 30, 
1 86 1, daughter of William Stapf, of New- 
port, Ky. Their residence is on Garrison 
street, Fremont, Ohio. 

retired farmer, Fremont, San- 
dusk}' county, is a native of 
Baden, Germany, born March 
28, 18 12. His parents were Joseph and 
Christena ( Mowery ) Rimmelspacher, 
farmers and natives of Baden, the former 
of whom died at the age of seventy-seven, 
and the latter at the age of seventy-four 
years. They had eight children, five of 
whom came to America: Chrisence, 
Mary, Elizabeth, Sebastian, and George 
(our subject). Of those who remained in 
the Fatherland, Bernhardt only is still 

Our subject grew to manhood in Baden, 
where he received a limited education in 
German, and learned the trade of black- 
smith. Hoping to better his condition, 
he emigrated to America, landing at New 
York City, May 27, 1836, and here worked 
at his trade one and a half years. He 
then went to St. Augustine, Florida, and 
drove stage coach two years, subsequently 
doing some blacksmithing for the United 
States Government, under direction of 
Gen. Zachary Taylor, who was in charge 
of soldiers there. He returned thence to 

New York City, and in 1 840 came to Ohio, 
locating on the Sandusky river, in Ball- 
ville township, Sandusky county, upon a 
farm of forty acres, to which more were 
added later, and where he lived about 
forty years. Here, by hard work and good 
management, for which Germans are noted, 
he accumulated a fortune which enabled 
him in his old age to retire from business. 
He has erected a fine brick residence on 
Garrison street, Fremont, which he makes 
his family home. He at one time owned 
600 acres of valuable land in Sandusky 
county, which he disposed of by giving to 
each of his children a farm. 

On September 14, 1840, George Rim- 
melspacher married Miss Elizabeth Gable, 
who was born April 4, 18 18, in Alsace, 
Germany, and came to America in 1831. 
They had thirteen children, nine of whom 
are living: (i) Joseph A., who died at 
twelve years of age; (2) Jacob, a soldier 
of the Civil war, who married Anna Gar- 
ber, and whose children are — Florence, 
Henry, Ida, Ferris and Pearl. (3) Mag- 
dalena, wife of Henry Ochs, of Buffalo, 
N. Y. , who has six children — Albert (who 
married Miss Bertha Shoedler, and has 
one child, Harold); Rosa (who married 
Casper Hodes, and has three children — 
Rosa, Carl and Henry), Edward, Harry, 
Stany and Ralph. (4) Andrew, farmer, 
living in Ballville township, who married 
Miss Louisa Myers, and whose children 
are — Harry, Estella, Philber, Edward, 
Sylvester, Hedwig, Lovina, Sevilla, Law- 
rence, Marie, Clements and Regine. (5) 
Catharine, wife of Anthony Swint, whose 
children are — George, Frank, Lena, Liz- 
zie, Seraphine, Robert, Charles, Laura, 
Peter, Jacob, and Gertrude. (6) Rosa, 
wife of L. Engleman; she died August i, 
'893, aged thirty-four, leaving two chil- 
dren — Amedius and Estella. (7) Mary, 
wife of Andrew Ochs, of Buffalo, N. Y. ; 
they have one child — Frank. (8) George, 
a farmer of Sandusky county, who mar- 
ried Helen Koffler, and whose children 
are — Isabella, Eleanora and Henrietta. 



(9) John, who married Theresa Kochman, 
and whose children are — Seraphine, Jose- 
phine, Carl and Wilbur. (10) William, 
who married Christena Engler, and whose 
children are — Isadore and Wilbur. (11) 
Amelia, living at home. Two children — 
Peter and Frank — died in childhood. 
Mrs. Rimmelspacher died June 7, 1892, 
at the age of seventy-four years. The 
Rimmelspacher family are all members of 
the Roman Catholic Church. 

JC. SMITH. This gentleman, one 
of the most prominent and influen- 
tial citizens of Gibsonburg, Sandusky 
county, is the surviving member of 
the firm of Smith & Dohn, who for some 
years have extensively engaged in the 
manufacture of lime. Mr. F. W. Dohn 
died about three years ago, and since that 
time Mr. Smith has had entire charge of 
the large interests of the business, and 
has conducted it very successfully, being 
assisted by Mr. Dohn's son. He is a man 
of strict integrity, and carries the princi- 
ples of religion into his business relations, 
gaining thereby the confidence and es- 
teem of all with whom he comes in con- 
tact. He is also enterprising and pro- 
gressive, and always busy in promoting 
the welfare of others as well as his own. 
Mr. Smith was born in Sandusky 
county, west of Fremont, August 15, 
1854, son of Nelson and Mary (Cookson) 
Smith, both of whom are still living. The 
father was born in 1824 in Franklin coun- 
ty, Ohio, near Columbus, and now resides 
in Washington township, Sandusky coun- 
ty, where he carries on farming, and where 
he has lived ever since his marriage. By 
trade he was a carpenter, and followed 
that occupation for some years. In poli- 
tics he is a Republican, and in religion a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church. His ancestors were prominent 
people in New England, and Israel Smith, 
of Fremont, this State, was his uncle. 
The mother of our subject was born in 

Ferry county, Ohio, in 1823, her family 
coming there from Pennsylvania. Our 
subject is one of a family of five children, 
of whom the following record is given: 
Josiah lives in Ballville township; Isabel 
died at the age of fifteen years; F. E. 
lives in Washington township; J. C. re- 
sides at Gibsonburg; and John lives on 
the old homestead in Washington town- 

J. C. Smith grew to manhood in 
Washington township, and acquired an 
excellent education in Delaware and Ober- 
lin Colleges, in the meantime interspers- 
ing his studies with teaching, thus putting 
to practical use the knowledge he ob- 
tained. He taught two terms at Ballville 
after leaving Delaware College, and be- 
fore entering Obertin, and after attending 
the spring and fall terms at the latter, 
again engaged in teaching for four terms 
at Bettsville, in Seneca county. He also 
taught three terms near his home in San- 
dusky county. In 1880 he was married 
to Miss Annie C. Bowlus, who was born 
in Sandusky township, Sandusky county, 
August 22, 1852, and to them have been 
born six children: Eula, May, Webb, 
Carl, Florence and Ina. 

Mrs. Smith is the only daughter of 
Henry and Rebecca Williamson Bowlus. 
She was educated in Adrian (Mich.) Col- 
lege, where, in addition to her literary 
pursuits, she also made a study of music, 
which, for a time, she afterward taught. 
Mrs. Smith's father was born September 
27, 1 8 10, near Middletown, Md., and 
when fourteen years of age came with his 
parents to Sandusky county, Ohio, where 
he still lives. His wife was born in Mid- 
dletown, Md., July 4, 1824, and died 
January 28, 1891, aged sixty-six years, 
six months and twenty-four days. She 
was married to Lewis L. Bowlus in her 
native town at the tender age of seven- 
teen years and six months, and immedi- 
ately afterward migrated with her hus- 
band to the West, settling in Sandusky 
county, Ohio, three miles west of where the 



city of Fremont now stands. The county 
was new, and largeh' covered with dense 
forests and impenetrable swamps; but here 
the young" couple settled on a tract of 
land in the woods, built a small cabin and 
commenced clearing away the forest tim- 
ber. In the summer of 1848, however, 
the husband was smitten down with fever, 
and at the age of twenty-four she was left 
a widow with two children — Silas and 
Amos. Silas, the elder, died while in the 
army in 1864, and Amos three years later, 
while a student at Oberlin College. In 
September, 1849, she was married to 
Henry Bowlus, who survives her, and 
they lived happily together for over forty- 
one years. She was an active member 
of the Muskalonge Methodist Protestant 
Church some forty-seven years; she was 
in attendance at one of the meetings 
there, in which she had expressed her 
thankfulness to God, her Saviour, for the 
revival influence that was being enjoyed 
in the Church, when she was taken ill and 
at six o'clock in the evening death finish- 
ed its work, and that faithful Christian, 
that pure and loving wife and mother, in 
every respect worthy of imitation, and her 
name that will ever be held in loving re- 
membrance by all who knew her. She 
was buried in the little cemetery, just 
north of the church, together with kin- 
dred clay. To Mr. and Mrs. Bowlus were 
born four children, all of whom are living: 
Warren, Henry, Robert and Annie (Mrs. 
Smith). Mrs. Smith's paternal grand- 
parents were from Germany, and her ma- 
ternal grandmother from Scotland. 

At the time of his marriage Mr. Smith 
engaged in the hardware business in Gib- 
sonburg, with M. W. Hobart, whose in- 
terest he purchased two years later, 
carrying on the business alone until in 
November, 1 890, when he sold out to the 
Buckeye Oil Well and Supply Company. 
During this time (in 1883) he formed a 
partnership with Sanders, Dohn & Co., 
for the manufacture of lime, and they 
built one lime kiln, and opened a quarry 

at Gibsonburg, Ohio. This partnership 
continued until 1S8S, when Mr. Sanders 
sold his interest to the two men, who 
then established themselves under the 
firm name of Smith & Dohn. They pur- 
chased ten acres of quarry land near 
a railroad, and during the fall of that 
year built an additional kiln. In the fol- 
lowing summer they added two more 
kilns, with an entire capacity of 450 bar- 
rels daily. The first year they shipped 
80,000 barrels of lime; in 1890 and 1891 
their output was 70,000 barrels; in 1892, 
60,000 barrels, and in 1893, 54,000 bar- 
rels, the production for 1894 being about 
the same as in 1893. In 1892 they pur- 
chased a tract of land south of Gibson- 
burg, which furnished them part of their 
supply of gas for their business. They 
have one oil well and five gas wells, 
which supply them with fuel. The firm 
employ from twenty to thirty men 
throughout the year, and make all their 
own barrels. 

Judging by the manner in which Mr. 
Smith has managed his own business, it 
is conclusive that he is a supremely active 
man, and one who looks ahead and an- 
ticipates. On account of the low prices 
of lime — the result of overproduction and 
close competition — Mr. Smith took action 
in the matter and was among the first to 
organize a company. In 1892 a consol- 
idation of nearly all the white lime inter- 
ests was effected, and the company was 
called "The Northwestern Ohio Lime 
Co., " our subject being one of the di- 
rectors of same. It continued in existence 
but one year; but even that comparatively 
brief existence settled the point that where 
so much lime could be manufactured, 
some control must be had. In the early 
part of the year 1895, ^^^- Smith and 
Mr. Sutliff undertook to organize a new 
company, with the assistance of a few 
other lime manufacturers; and after a 
couple of months or more hard labor they 
succeeded in organizing "The Ohio Lime 
Co.," upon such a basis, too, as to make 



of it a comparatively permanent organi- 
zation (for five years), taking in all the 
white-lime interests in the State of Ohio. 
Mr. Smith is a director of this company, 
and its organization is so perfect, and it 
is working with such unqualified success 
that he justly feels proud of his energies 
so well directed. Good planning, judi- 
cious economy, and well-timed energy, 
properly applied, he claims, must lead to 
the success of any business. 

Mr. Smith owns i6o acres, three and 
a half miles from Fremont, in Washington 
township, 105 acres of which is the estate 
of Rebecca C. Bowlus, and in addition 
to his other business, he is engaged in 
farming. In the fall of 1894, in connec- 
tion with Peter A. Rust, he purchased 
fifteen acres from Fred Yeasting, and they 
were the means of having the school- 
house built on the west side of the railroad, 
having laid out the tract as an addition of 
the town. In 18S3 Mr. Smith built the 
commodious home in which he lives, and 
here he enjoys life in the consciousness of 
duty well done, and energies well direc- 
ted. In politics he is a Republican, but 
votes the Prohibition ticket, as he is fully 
convinced that that policy is for the best 
interests of the county. He is a devout 
member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, and has always been an earnest 
and active worker, being chorister and 
teacher in the Sabbath-school almost con- 
tinuousl}'. He is foremost in every work 
in Church and community, and is highly 
esteemed and respected. 

CHRISTIAN RISER, a well-to-do 
farmer and land-owner of San- 
dusky township, Sandusky county, 
was born in Alsace, France (now 
Germanj?), March i, 1842, a son of Chris- 
tian and Salome (Young) Riser. 

The father of our subject was born in 
the same place in the year 1800, and was 
a carpenter and farmer in Alsace. He 
came to America in about 1851, and lo- 

cated on a farm in Sandusky township, 
Sandusky Co., Ohio, where he died in 
1863. He was a member of the Lu- 
theran Church. The mother was born in 
Alsace, and came to America, where she 
died at the age of eighty-three years. 
They had three children: William, Chris- 
tian and Caroline, all of whom live in 
Sandusky township. Of these Caroline 
married John Bender. Christian Riser, 
Sr., had three children by a former mar- 
riage, of whom are named Fred, who died 
in Fremont, Ohio; Charles; and Eliza- 
beth, wife of Frederick Smith. The 
grandfather was about ten years old when 
he came to this country, and he attended 
school but a short time, as he was needed 
to help clear up the farm. 

He worked at wood chopping and 
farming till he enlisted, October 17, 1861, 
in Compan}' C, Seventy- second Regiment 
O. V. I., under Capt. Samuel J. Snyder. 
He served in the arm}' of the Tennessee, 
and participated in the following battles, 
sieges, &c. : Crump's Landing, Tenn., 
April 4, 1862; Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7, 
1862; Corinth, Miss., siege of, April 30 to 
May 31, 1862; Russell House, Miss., May 
17, 1862; Jackson, Miss., May 14, 1863; 
Vicksburg, Miss., siege of, May 18 to July 
4, 1863; Vicksburg, Miss., assault of. May 
19-20, 1863; Big Black River, Miss., 
July 6, 1863; Jackson, Miss., July 9-16, 
1863; Branton, Miss., July 19, 1863; 
Hickahala Creek, Miss., February 10, 
1864; Brice's Cross Roads (also known as 
Guntown), Miss., June 10, 1864; Harris- 
burg, Miss., July 13, 1864; Tupelo, Miss., 
July 14, 1864; Old Town Creek, Miss., 
July 15, 1864; Little Harpeth, Tenn., 
December 6, 1864. This ends Mr. Riser's 
army service, and he was mustered out 
after the battle of Nashville, Tenn. (De- 
cember 15-16, 1864), and arrived home 
on New Year's Day, 1865. He had been 
promoted to corporal. He was never 
seriously wounded, and at Guntown, or 
Brice's Cross Roads, he made good his 
escape when about half of his comrades 



were taken prisoners, and was obliged to 
travel two nights and a day and a half 
without food or ammunition, and yet he 
savs he was not at all sick of army life. 
After his return from the army he located 
in \\'ashington township, where he en- 
gaged in farming about four years, after- 
ward locating in Elkhart county, Ind. In 
1872 he returned to Sandusky township, 
where he bought the eighty acres he now 
lives on, and later eighty acres more. He 
also purchased 123 acres in Jackson town- 
ship. In 1884 he built his present brick 

On Januar_v 14, 1S62, Mr. Kiser mar- 
ried Miss Rachel Rule, who was born Oc- 
tober 4, 1842, in Washington township, 
Sandusky county, where she lived until 
her marriage. Her parents, George and 
Sarah (Fessler) Rule, were natives of 
Cumberland county, Penn., the father 
born in 1788, the mother in 1798. They 
both died in 1865, Mrs. Rule's death oc- 
curring just three days after that of her 
husband, and they were buried side by 
side in Elkhart county, Ind. Their fam- 
ily consisted of fourteen children, thirteen 
of whom married and reared families. 
The children of Christian and Rachel 
Kiser, born in Sandusky county, are: 
Charles W., born September 8, 1863, liv- 
ing in Jackson township, married to Miss 
Eliza Auxter, a native of Rice township, 
by whom he had one child — Floyd ; Will- 
iam, born February 18, 1866, died Oc- 
tober II, 1868; Noah F. , born July 28, 
i86g, living at home, married to Miss 
Clara Hetrick March 26, 1895; Salome, 
born February 8, 1871, widow of William 
Wagner, by whom she had two children — 
Grace and Martha; Joshua, born Novem- 
ber 4, 1872, married to Miss Martha Hed- 
rick, of Ballville township, and they have 
a daughter — Edna; Martha, born August 
24, 1874, died December 10, 1S80; 
Henry, born December 24, 1876, living 
at home; Christian, born January 12, 
1879; John, born August 12, 1880; and 
George, born April 21, 1883. 

Mr. Kiser is a Republican in politics, 
and a member of Eugene Rawson Post, 
G. A. R., and of the U. V. U. He was 

elected township trustee in the spring of 
1893, and in the fall of 1894 was elected 
county commissioner of Sandusky county. 
He is one of the successful men of San- 
dusky township. 

story ot a good man's life can not 
be told too often. In this bus- 
tling age, when principle too often 
gives place to policy, and the greed of 
inone3'-getting so easily obscures the sharp 
line which should be drawn between right 
and wrong, the example of a man, who, 
during his life, carried out the teachings 
of the religion in which he believed, is 
one worthy of preservation as an encour- 
agement to both old and young. 

The subject of this sketch was a na- 
tive of Bavaria; his birth taking place 
August 31,' T839, and his death occurring 
at his home in Gibsonburg, Sandusky 
Co., Ohio, October 7, 1893. When a 
boy of fourteen he left his native country, 
in 1853, for the United States, having 
heard of this great Republic as the Eldo- 
rado in which wonderful fortunes were to 
be made almost for the asking. He was 
accompanied by his mother, brother and 
sister, the father having died about a year 
previous. They were very poor, having 
to borrow money for their trip across the 
ocean, and when they reached New York 
were without a dollar. Their first per- 
manent location was at Waukesha, Wis., 
and here Mr. Dohn secured a clerkship, 
and undertook the support of the little 
family. It was a heavy responsibility for 
a youth; but he was stout of heart and 
firm of purpose. For eight years he held 
this position, and became invaluable to 
his employer, with whom he remained 
until the failure of the latter in business. 
An incident is related of this period of 
his life which reveals the character of the 

S^)\, i^JyJ 



boy, and was an index to his future suc- 
cess. He was called into the office of his 
employer one day and informed that, if he 
did not quit attending a revival meeting 
which was then in progress, he would be 
discharged. He debated the matter with 
his conscience, and decided that if he at- 
tended the meetings only after his duties 
at the store were finished, he would be 
doing nothing wrong. He was, however, 
reported by a fellow clerk, who, perhaps, 
thought in this way to curry favor with 
his employer, and was summarily dis- 
charged. It was not long, however, be- 
fore his employer discovered that he had 
made a serious mistake in discharging an 
employe who would sacrifice his position 
to his sense of duty, and he accordingly 
sent for him, acknowledged his error, and 
asked Mr. Dohn to resume his former re- 
lations. This he did, and remained, as 
has been stated, until the failure of the 
business. At that time his employer said 
to him : " You have been a faithful clerk, 
and my mistake was in not taking you in 
as a partner, and discharging the man 
who reported you, and who has been in- 
strumental in bringing about my mis- 

Mr. Dohn soon afterward went into 
business for himself, and remained in 
Waukesha two years longer, when he re- 
moved to Depere, in the same State, and 
there carried on a successful business some 
eight years. In 1873 he sold out his es- 
tablishment in Depere, and removed to 
Gibsonburg, forming a partnership with 
Mr. Farmer, under the firm name of 
Farmer & Dohn. This partnership con- 
tinued five years, when a third partner 
was admitted to the firm. This change 
proved disastrous to the business, and re- 
sulted in the withdrawal of Mr. Dohn, he 
then devoting his time to the duties of 
postmaster, which office he was holding 
at the time. In 1883 the firm of Sanders, 
Dohn & Co. was formed, for the purpose 
of manufacturing lime. This partnership 
continued until August 7, 1888, when Mr. 

Sanders sold out to J. C. Smith, who was 
the company part of ihe concern. The firm 
now became known as Smith & Dohn. 
They carried on the manufacture of lime 
with great success for over five years, mean- 
while engaging in various projects for the 
development of the city, and the good of 
the community, such as laying out ad- 
ditions to the city, and sinking gas and oil 
wells. They always employed a large 
number of men, who were promptly paid, 
and in this way encouraged industry and 

Mr. Dohn was married, in 1875, to 
Mary E. Crouse, who was a native of 
Seneca county, Ohio, born August 14, 
1845. Her parents were Jacob and Eliza 
(Eaton) Crouse, the former of whom was 
born in Lancaster, Penn., in 1821, and 
came west when a young man, locating 
first in Seneca county, and afterward liv- 
ing for a time at New Haven, Huron 
county. He finally returned to Seneca 
county, where he now resides with one of 
his sons. Mrs. Dohn's mother was born 
in Pennsylvania, in 1822, and died in 
Melmore, Seneca county, in 1893; she 
was a Presbyterian, as was also her hus- 
band. This worthy couple were the par- 
ents of five children: Carrie, who married 
Charles Benham, and now resides in Fort 
Scott, Kans. ; Ella, who married Jacob 
Gannon, and lives at Tiffin, Ohio; 
Frances, wife of E. Z. Bartlett, residing 
at Toledo, Ohio; Clan, who lives in Mel- 
more, Seneca county, and Mary E. (Mrs. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Dohn were born 
four children: Frederick, who is men- 
tioned farther on; Carrie, Eva, and 
Blaine, who died when four years old. 
Mrs. Dohn still retains her interest in the 
firm of Smith & Dohn, and is a woman 
of great intelligence and excellent busi- 
ness capacity. She is highly respected 
in the community. 

In closing this sketch of the career of 
one of Gibsonburg's most esteemed citi- 
zens, reference must be again made to his 



devotion to the religious faith which he 
first professed in 1S57. From that time 
until his death he was one of the oldest 
and most faithful members of the Method- 
ist Episcopal Church, and the firm ad- 
herence to what he believed to be right, 
and which was so strongly manifested in 
his early days, was carried out in his life, 
both in business and every-day affairs, so 
that he commanded the respect and es- 
teem of the entire community. His 
funeral was one of the largest ever seen 
in Gibsonburg, all the business houses 
being closed and draped in mourning as a 
token of sorrow at his decease. 

To the foregoing memoir of this exem- 
plary man should be added a few words 
regarding his son, Frederick Dohn. He 
graduated with honors from the high 
school at Gibsonburg, in 1892, and in the 
autumn of that year he entered the North- 
western College, at Naperville, 111., with 
the intention of completing a college 
course. In this ambition of his young 
life, however, he was disappointed; his 
father's illness called him home, and be- 
fore reaching the age of seventeen he was 
in full management of his father's exten- 
sive business, in which capacity he still 
continues. In business aljility and in 
integrity of character he is following in 
the footsteps of his father, and he is an 
active member of the M. E. Church, and 
an earnest worker in the Sunday-school. 
His friends speak of him as a young man 
of thorough reliability, and marked busi- 
ness qualitications. 

CHARLES F. JOSEPH, one of the 
successful and substantial farmers