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M. L 




3 1833 00826 4100 


Biographical Encyclopedia 


The Juniata Valley, comprising the Counties of 

Huntingdon, Mifflin, "Juniata, and. 

Perry, Pennsylvania. 






J. M. RUNK & CO. 


'^ T^ 

. -. A 

, ,4 

Daily Telegraph Print, 
Harrisburg, Pa. 



J :- 1156255 

^^ER Y neighborhood is a world in miniature. As the natural phenomena which 
may be observed within any limited area furnish abundant illustration of the 
grand laws that govern the physical universe, so the virtues that build up na- 
tions and the passions that wreck them are all exemplified, in even the smallest 
\ community. There is profound truth in Gray's intimation, that each hamlet possesses its 
. " mute, inglorious Milton," its " Cromwell, guiltless of his country's blood." And as noth- 
ing, surely, more nearly concerns all human beings than the character and actions of their 
fellowmen, it follows, that a work which in any degree mirrors the life of a community must 
be of interest, not only to those whom relationship or neighborhood has made sharers in 
' that life, but to all thoughtful minds. The annals of the quietest neighborhood are as at- 
tractive, in their way, and as profitable a study, as the history of a nation. The nature of 
the interest they inspire will of course vary with the point of view of the reader. If he be 
given to philosophy, a student of social or political economy, or of psychology, he will seek 
to construct or to support some theory. If he be in search of statistics, a collection of bi- 
ographies, drawn from all walks of life, will be rich in material for him. If, on the con- 
trary, he be imaginative and sympathetic, many pictures of tranquil domestic happiness, 
many instances of heroism, manj' tender and thrilling stories of love or of war, will rise 
before him. Even amid dry details, one who can " read between the lines " will catch fre- 
quent glimpses of the tragedy and even of some of the comedy of life; for the shifting 
V, scenes of human existence cannot fail to afford gratification to the sense of humor. 
^ In early and simple times, when the as yet unorganized nations were only an aggrega- 

tion of small communities, or tribes, more or less effectually separated by natural bounda- 
ries, the main occupation of each small group of families was determined by the nature of 
their locality, and there was but little intercourse between different parts of the country. 
In those days, the lives of the individual members of a community presented few outward 
points of difference, and a collection of their biographies would have been only a monoto- 
nous series of repetitions. Now, througli tlie mingling of races and peoples and the changes 
perpetually taking place, all is variety ; from one we can no longer learn all, as to any 
civilized people or even any small division of sucli nation. Threads of connection bind the 
dwellers in every secluded village to the past and tlie present of the whole world. This 
is especially the case in America. To form our nation, the best nations of Europe were, as 
Cotton Mather expressed it, " sifted."' Descendants of various nationalities people our 
cities, our towns, and our rural neighborhoods; the process of fusion between so many dis- 
tinct elements being by no means complete, the life of the American people is a profound and 


absorbing study, and any work which even in tlie most humble degree aids in its prosecu- 
tion, ought to be sure of a welcome. 

The valley of the Juniata is the fertile and picturesque region which forms the back- 
ground of the histories furnished fortius work. Its very nomenclature is historic; for 
while their soft and musical Indian appellations cling to the most of the mountains and 
streams, the names of towns and townships usually commemorate the pioneers of the white 
race, or the European homes from which they came. In the annals of families which we 
here present, we believe convincing proof may be found of tlie truth of what we have said 
regarding the value of biography and its several points of interest. Among the immi- 
grants who here invaded the primeval wilderness, the Scotch-Irish and Germans predomi- 
nated, but France, Switzerland, Holland, and other European nations by no means lacked 
representation. Many families here can trace their line of descent far back, even to the ro- 
mance period of European history. Some might boast of many generations of noble and 
cultured ancestry ; others might be equally and as reasonably proud of their descent from 
a line of sturdy yeomanry, or from upright and useful peasants and laborers. Among the 
earliest settlers of this lovely valley were many who were driven from their homes by per- 
secution, braving the sorrows of expatriation and the perils of the wilderness through 
single-hearted devotion to principle. Others came from motives which, if less heroic, were 
not less laudable ; desiring to find room and favoring circumstances for the growth and 
education of their families. The sufferings and tlie heroism of the " Pilgrim fathers "of 
New England has been the theme of many a song and story ; but the toils and privations^ 
the patience and the daring of the " Pennsjdvania Pilgrims " has never been half told. 
Let the annals of the valley of the Juniata lie as a green wreath on their resting place. 
Among these pioneers, mutual respect and sympathy were generally prevalent, and Ameri- 
can patriotism was a plant of easy and rajjid growth. The hardships and the terrors which 
they had endured in common, the dangers and conflicts of the infant republic, shared with 
alacrity by those whose parents had spoken different tongues and inhabited widely sepa- 
rated climes, quickly cemented elements that might under other circumstances have been 
conflicting ones, and unified the population of tlie valley. Thus the denizens of this 
region took tiieir place in the Common wealtli of the old Keystone State, and helped to im- 
part to it that sturdy and vigorous, but refined and dignified character so well symbol- 
ized in tlie architecture of the old Shitc ca[iilol, in whose recent deslruction Pennsylvania 
has suffered an irretrievable loss. 

The worth of the citizens of this valley lia^ Ih'cu i)n)voil by the religious, educational 
and Ijcnevolent institutions which have s|>rung up everywhere within their borders; hj' the 
public works in which many of tlicni have taken a distinguished part ; liy their noble record 
of military service, and their no less valuable services as civilians; in brief, by the whole 
social fabric which they have reared, and which makes of the land rescued by their fore- 
fathers from the wiltlerness a region of homes, cultured, iicaccl'ul and inviting. 

PEE FACE. vii 

In presenting the Bioai-aphical Encyclopedia of the Juniata Valley to its patrons, the 
publishers acknowlcd-c with gratitude tin.' encouragement and supjwrt their enterprise has 
received, and the willing absislance rendered in enabling them to surmount the many un- 
foreseen obstacles to be met with in the production of a work of such magnitude. To pro- 
cure the material for its completion official records were carefull}' examined, newspaper files 
searched, manuscripts, letters, and memoranda were sought, and a corps of competent solici- 
tors visited every portion of Huntingdon, Mifiiin, Juniata, and Perr}' counties and secured 
iuformation direct from the parties concerned. The biographies were afterwai-d carefully 
type-written and submitted to those who furnished the material, thus affording them an 
opportunity of insuring accuracy. Those who furnislicd tiic data are, therefore, responsible 
for its genuineness and authenticity. Great care was taken to have the sketches as free 
from error as possible, but we do not hold ourselves responsible for mistakes, as we charge 
nothing for the insertion of any printed m;itter contained in the book. In the preparation 
of the biographies we have been ably assisted by a number of competent writers, the work 
being under the general editorial direction of Miss E. H. Schively, of Chambersburg, Pa. 

J. M. RUNK & CO. 




Among the pioneers of what is now com- 
prised in Huntingdon county were the Elliott, 
Ashman, Allison and Orbison families, and 
as the members of these families were closely 
connected by mai'riage, their histories follow 
in the order above written. 

The Elliott Record. 

Robert Elliott was born jjrior to 1730, 
but whether in the north of Ireland or 
in this country is not known; his ancestors 
were Irish. Soon after 1730, he lived in that 
part of Lancaster county, Pa., which became 
Peters to^^^lship, Cumberland county, now 
Franklin county. He was twice married; his 
second wife was Martha Barnett, a widow, 
who died in July, 177S, leaving a will. He 
died in 176S, in Peters towmship, Cumber- 
land county, leaving a will, dated March 2, 
17G8, which states that he was in ill health, 
and which is recorded at the Register's Office 
at Carlisle, Pa., the date of probate being 
omitted. Of this will his brother James was 
one of the executors. In this will, he devises 
to his two sons, Benjamin and George, the two 
tracts of land which he owned, the one on 
which he lived, and the other which he had 
purcliased from Hugh Shannon. He be- 
queathed to his wife Martha, during her life, 
or till her death or marriage, his negro 
woman; and at her death or marriage, to his 
three daughters. 

By his first wife he had issue: I. Benjamin, 
born 1752; II. George, III. Barbara. IV. 

2. Benjamin Elliott (1. Robert) wa-; born 
in Peters township, Cumberland county, now 

Franklin county. Pa., in 1752. On account 
of lack of harmony with his stepmother, he 
left home early in life, and entered at once 
upon what was then a successful business 
career, for in 1769 he was assessed in Dublin 
township, Cumberland county (subsequently 
Bedford county), with 100 acres of land, 
three acres cleared, one horse, one cow. In 
1771, he had 25 acres cleared, two horses, two 
cows and eight sheep; and in 1788, the as- 
sessment list of Huntingdon shows that he had 
eighty acres, four horses, four cows, two ne- 
groes, one servant, one house and six lots of 
ground. It is probable that he moved to 
Huntingdon, then in Bedford county, about 
1775. Huiitiiiud.iii was at that time a village 
of a few hoii-i-. mid the county adjoining was 
still occupicl l.y the Indians. The assessment 
list for 177fi of Barree township, which then 
included Huntingdon, shows him charged 
with what was probably a personal tax. On 
August 17, 1776, Dr. William Smith con- 
veyed to him by a ground rent deed Lot Xo. 
2 in the borough of Huntingdon, situated on 
the north side of Allegheny street, fronting 
one hundred feet on said street and extending 
one hundred feet back. This lot was at the 
northwest corner of Second and Allegheny 
streets, where he built a frame house, in 
which he lived for a number of years. It is 
knovai that about 1780 he was living on what 
was known as Snake Spring farm, some five 
miles east of Bedford on the state road. At 
the formation of Huntingdon county, Septem-. 
ber 20, 1787, he was living in Huntingdon, 
where he continued to reside until the time 
of his death, with the exception of a few years 
spent on his farm two miles east of Hunting- 

His high character and merit brought him 


into prominence wlieii very yc.uni;. When Imt 
twentv-foiir yeai-:^ <>( a-c he wa- i'1c(|(m1, July 
8, 1770, one of tlu- drlr-al,- fnaii licafurd 
eonnty to the convention which met July 15, 
1776, at Cai'iaenter's Hall, Pliiladelphia, for 
the pm-pose of forming the first constitiition 
of the Commonwealth. He was sheriff of 
Bedford county in 178-4, and was again ap- 
pointed, Octoher 31, 1785. At the time wdien 
Huntingdon county was formed from Bed- 
ford, he was living in Huntingdon. The act 
creating the new county was passed Septem- 
ber 20, 1787, and provided among other 
things that Benjamin Elliott, Thomas Dun- 
can Smith, Lndwick Sell, George Ashman 
and William ilcAlevy should be apjDointed 
trustees to take assurance of any lands or 
grounds for the public buildings. Upon the 
formation of Huntingdon county, he was ap- 
pointed its first sheriff, being commissioned 
October 22, 1787; and on November 30, he 
was commissioned lieutenant of the county. 
In the same year, he was elected a delegate 
from Huntingdon county to the Pennsylvania 
Convention which ratified the Federal Con- 
stitution. This convention met in Philadel- 
phia, November 21, 1787; and on December 
12 the vote was taken, when its ratification 
was carried by a good majority, Benjamin 
Elliott voting in the affirmative, although a 
large number of his constituents were opposed 
to the ratification. This opposition afterwards 
became riotous and violent. In May, 1789, 
a battalion of militia which had been organ- 
ized by Benjamin Elliott, the lieutenant of 
the county, was ordered to assemble in Hart's 
Log valley. Some of the Disponents of the 
constitution were present, and refused to be 
maistered in; an assault was made upon Col- 
onel Elliott, as he is called in the old records, 
when he received many severe blows from 
several persons. Colonel Elliott, in his ac- 
count of this disturbance, says: "I was very 
ill-used by a senseless banditti, who were in- 
fluenced by a niimber of false publications 
circTilated by people who were enemies of the 
Federal government." 

Benjamin Elliott was appointed, August 12, 
1789, a justice of the jieace for the town of 
Huntingdon, and was the same day commis- 
sioned justice of the County Court of Com- 
mon Pleas. He was elected a member of the 
Supreme Executive Council from Huntingdon 
county, October 31, 1789, took his seat De- 

cember 30, 1789, and served until December 
20, 1790, when Thomas Mifflin became gover- 
nor, and the council expired, as provided in 
the new constitution of 1790. He was county 
treasurer from 1788 to 1795. He was ap- 
pointed associate judge August 17, 1791, and 
after that was called Judge Elliott. In 1800 
he was elected county commissioner. The 
town of Huntingdon was incorporated into 
a borough by the act of March 29, 1796, and 
in that year he was elected the first chief bur- 
gess, which position he held for three years. 
Aboiit 1812, Judge Elliott went to the neigh- 
borhood of Newark, Ohio, where he purchased 
about 2,000 acres of land. "While there, he 
was pursued by Indians, but escaped by get- 
ting into a boat and crossing a river. His 
sons by his third wife, Benjamin and John, 
inherited these lands, and made their residence 
upon them. 

Benjamin Elliott was originally a Presby- 
terian, but on account of some difficulty A^ith 
Eev. John Johnston, the first Presliyterian 
minister at Huntingdon, who was his neigh- 
bor, he left that church, and became an Epis- 
copalian; all of his daughters afterwards be- 
came Presbyterians. He was above the aver- 
age in height, and of great ]iliy>ical strength 
and endurance. He resi.lid in llimtingdon 
mitil his death, which oi-currecl .March 15, 
1835, at the age of eighty-three years; his 
remains rest in Riverview cemetery. He was 
thrice married: first, about 1777, to Hilary 
Carpenter, who had come from Lancaster 
county, Pa., to HTintingdon, -with her brother- 
in-law, Abraham Haines. Judge Elliott's 
children hy his first wife were: I. ilartha, 
born 1779; IL Mary, born May 6, 1781; IIL 
James, born 1783, read law, died young and 
immarried. Judge Elliott was married a sec- 
ond time in 1786 to Sarah Ashman, of Bed- 
ford Furnace, Huntingdon county, a sister of 
Col. George Ashman _(see Ashman record). 
Their children were: I. Eleanor, born 1788; 
II. Harriet, born October, 1790; III. Matilda, 
born 1792. He married his third Avife, Susan, 
daughter of Abraham Haines, of Hunting- 
don, and uiece of his first "wife, ]\Iarv Car- 
penter, March 28, 1805. Their children 
were: I. Patience, married Judge Calvin 
Blythe; II. Benjamin, married Mary Peebles, 
of Pittsburg, and moved to Newark, Ohio, 
where he died, leaWng several children, of 
whom one, William, is a lawver, and lives in 


Chicago, 111.; III. Louisa, married Dr. Wil- 
liam Yeager, they had a daughter, Augusta, 
who married Mr. Kew, and removed to St. 
Louis, !Mo. ; III. John, married Miss Wilson, 
of Ohio, whither he removed. 

3. Martha Elliott, (1. Eobert; 2. Benja- 
min, and Marv), born 1770; married Da\'id 
^Mcilurtvie, of Huntingdon, October 2, 1795; 
she died February 26, 1841, aged 03 years; 
he died Xovember 9, 1S43. Their children 
were : 

I. Janet ilc^Murtrie, born July L, 1796. 

II. Anna McMurtrie, born March 17, 
179S, niari-ied Edward Pattou, of Lewistown; 
after his death married Thomas Jackson, of 
Llollidaysburg, and after his death moved to 
Huntingdon, where she died. 

III. Mary McMurtrie, born .lanuary 16, 
1800, married James Gwin, of Iluntingilon, 
who was aiiji'iintcd associate judge of Hiint- 
ingdon county, March 20, 1840, and who was 
a son of Patrick (iwiu; she died October 16, 
183-4. They had one son: i. Da^id P. Gwin, 
born December 18, 1828, died in 1894; mar- 
ried Louisa Cunningham; had children, 
James, who died in 1896, and Mary. 

lY. Ellen McMurtrie,born January 3, 1802, 
married ]\Iatthew Gregg, of Centre county. 
Pa. Their cliildi-en are : i. David McMurtrie 
Gregg, born April 10, 1833, at Huntingdon; 
graduated at West Point, 1855, when he en- 
tered the regular army as lieutenant, became 
captain in May, 1861; colonel Eighth Penn- 
sylvania Cavalry in January, 1862; brigadier 
general of volunteers, November 29, 1862; 
placed in command of a division of cavalry 
at Fredericksburg, and served as its comman- 
der on the Stoneman raid, in the campaign of 
Gettysburg, Mine Klin, the Wilderness, and in 
front of Pcterslmrg; commanded the ca-\'alrv 
of the Army of the PotomacfVom August, 186-i-, 
until his resignation from the army, in Feb- 
rnary, 1S65; breveted major general, LTnited 
States Yolunteers, August 1, 1864; appointed 
United States Consul at Prague, Bohemia, by 
President Grant, in February, 1874, resigned 
in July, 1874; commander Pennsylvania 
Comniandcrv ^Military Order of Loyal Legion 
since 1886; elected Auditor General of 
Peimsylvania Xovember 3, 1891. He mar- 
ried Ellen Jones, of Heading, Pa. ; they have 
two sons, George and Da^-id McM. ; ii. Mary 
Gregg, married G. Dorsey Green, of Barree 
Forge. Huntingdon county, who afterwards 
moved to Centre county, Pa.; iii. George Gregg, 

lives in California; iv. Ellen Gregg, lives 
in Centre county, with her sister Mary; v. 
Henry H. Gregg, born March 19, 1840; was 
in the military service during the war of the 
Rebellion; was commissioned major; was 
ca]itured by the Confederates and taken to 
Lililiy prison; is married and lives in Joplin, 
.Mo. : vi. Thomas J. Gregg, born October 8, 
1842; was in the military service during the 
war of the Rebellion, and was commissioned 
captain, afterwards entered the regular army, 
is now on the retired list, holding a commis- 
sion as major; married Bessie ]\IcKnight, of 
Pittsburg, and lives in Hxieneme, Yentura 
county, ( 'al.. wliere he is cashier in a bank. 

A*. David McMurtrie, born July 11, 1804, 
married ilartha ]\IcConnell, of Huntingdon, 
IMay 21, 1845. She was born Xovember 28, 
1804, died Xovember 8, 1890, in her eighty- 
sixth year; he died at Huntingdon July 7, 
1892, in his eighty-eighth year, leaving a 
large estate; he was generally known as "Ma- 
jor." They had no children. 

YI. Benjamin ]Mc]\Iurtrie, l:)orn December 
15, 1806, married January 28, 1830, to his 
cousin, Sarah Harriett Orliison (see Orbison 
record); they had one child, Harriett Orbi- 
son, born Xovember 25, 1832; married Rich- 
ar<l Rush Bryan in 1855, died June 7, 1893, 
in Philadelphia. After the death of his fu-st 
^\'ife, X'ovember 25, 1832, he about 1834 mar- 
ried Ellen Patton Dorsey, widow of Henry 
Dorsey; he was a physician, and for some 
time was connected ^dth iron works near 
Frederick, Md.; he died in 1865 at Hunting- 
don; his children by his second wife were: 
i. Anna McMurtrie, born in 1835, died in 
1866, married H. S. Wharton, of Hunting- 
don; their children are, Ellen, married 

Yan Buskirk, Anna, married William Yer- 

bech, Mary, married Reilly, and Henry; 

ii. Jane McMurtrie, born 1837, married 
James Moorehead and lives in Texas; iii. Ru- 
dolph McMurtrie, born 1839, married Jane 
Ilurd, of Brownsville, Pa. 

YII. Margerv ilc^Murtrie, lioru ^Lnr 22, 

YIIL Robert Allison :\Ie:\Iurtric, l>..rn De- 
cendier 15, 1811, was admitted to the Hunt- 
ingdon county bar April 15, 1837, afterwards 
moved to llollidaysburg. Pa., where he con- 
tinued the practice of law until his death; he 
married j\rrs. Maria Dennison, a widow; they 
had children: i. David; ii. Sarah. 


IX. Martha McMurtrie, born July 21, 
1814, married James McCahan, of Hunting- 
don, who afterwards moved to Hollidaysburg, 
Pa.; their children are: i. David, died in 
April, 1897; ii. John, married Miss Glenn, 
of Philadelphia, lived in Harrisburg, Pa., is 

deceased; iii. Martha, married Sylvey, 

of Hollidaysburg; iv. Theodore; v. Laura; 
\d. James; vii. William. 

X. William McMurtrie, born February 25, 
1817, married Margaret Whittaker, daughter 
of John Whittaker, of Huntingdon; he was en- 
gaged in the iron business near Fi'ederick, 
Md., but spent most of his life in Huntingdon, 
where he died, January 27, 1893, iii his sev- 
enty-sixth year, leaA-ing a large estate. Their 
children are : i. Martha McMurtrie, born 1810, 
married E. Milton Speer, Esq., of Huntingdon, 
who was a prominent lawyer, and was elected to 
Congress in 1870 and 1872; their children 
are: William McM., editor of the Albany 
A7-gus; Eobert Elliott, assistant secretary of 
the Presbj-terian Board of Foreign Missions, 
married Emma Bailey, of Harrisburg ; Mary, 
Victor and Margaret ; ii. Elliott Stewart Mc- 
Murtrie, born August 13, 18-42, studied law at 
Indiana, Pa., was admitted to the Huntingdon 
bar August 13, 1866, when he entered into 
partnership with his brother-in-law, E. M. 
Speer, Esq., under the firm name of Speer & 
McMurtrie, and since the death of ^Ir. Speer 
practises by himself; iii. Arthur McMurtrie, 
born 1844; iv. Elizabeth McMurtrie, born 
1846, married 1870 to Caleb C. Xorth, cashier 
of Union Bank of Huntingdon, now con- 
nected with a bank in Washington, D. C; 
their children are: David Mc-Murtrie, Wil- 
liam McMurtrie, Caleb, James, Elizabeth, and 
Mary; v. Da^ad Elliott ilcMurtrie, born 
1849; vi. Mary McMurtrie: vii. Margaret 
McMiu-trie, deceased; viii. Clara McMurtrie. 

4. Mary Elliott (1. Eobert; 2. Benjamin 
and Mary), born May 6, 1781, in Fort Bed- 
ford, Bedford, Pa., whither her parents had 
gone for protection from the Indians, who 
were very troublesome at this time; so much 
so that George Ashman, then lieutenant of 
Bedford county, addressed a letter dated 
June 12, l7Sli to the President of the Su- 
preme Executive Council, stating that a num- 
ber of families \\-eve fleeing away daily, and 
that he would mo^-e his family back to ^lary- 
land unless assistance should be rendered. 
She was married September 21, 1802, by Eev. 

John Johnston, to Eobert Allison, of Hunt- 
ingdon (see Allison Eecord); she died at 
Huntingdon, May 4, 1857, aged seventy-six 

5. Eleanor Elliott (1. Eobert; 2. Benjamin 
and Sarah), born at Huntingdon in 1788, 
married October 6, 1808, by Eev. John John- 
ston, to William Orbison (see Orbison 
Eecord); she died at Huntingdon, February 
13, 1865, aged seventy -seven years. 

6. Harriett Elliott' (1. Eobert; 2. Benja- 
min and Sarah), born at Huntingdon, in Oc- 
tober, 1790, married August 20, 1811, to 
Jacob Miller, of Huntingdon, born in April, 
1786; he was first lieutenant of the Hunting- 
don Light Infantry, which tendered its ser- 
vices to the President in the war of 1812, and 
which left Himtingdon September 7, 1812, 
and marched to Buffalo, ]S[. Y., reaching 
there on the 2d of October. In 1845, he was 
elected register, recorder of deeds, and clerk 
of the Orphans' Court; he was a very fine 
penman. For many years he kept store in 
Huntingdon. She died September 16, 1869, 
in the seventy-ninth year of her age; he died 
June 15, 1863, in his seventy-seventh year; 
the day of his funeral was one of excitement 
in Huntingdon, as it was reported that the 
Confederate troops were in Fulton county, 
and were on their way to Huntingdon; the 
people were busy secreting their valxiables in 
wells, cisterns and gardens. Their children 

I. Henry W. Miller, born in January, 
1812, married Mary Hotrnian; he Avas clerk 
to the county commissioners for a number of 
years; he died in ]\[ay, 1893; their children 
are: i. Ashman; ii. Xannie, man-ied J. 
Emory Greene, resides in Peoria, 111.; iii. 
Mary, married Henry Elliott Miller (see Alli- 
son Eecord) ; iv. Eose, married Irviu Hadder- 
nian, of Bedford county. Pa.; v. Lillic; vi. 
Margaret, married Timothy Campbell, M. C, 
of Xew York. 

II. Elliott Miller, married Keziah Peebles 
and moved to near Pittsburgh, where he lived 
for many years, died at Huntingdon in Feb- 
ruary, 1893; their children are: i. William; 
ii. Harriett. 

III. G. Ashman Miller, married first !Mrs. 
Hannah Fahs; their children are: i. J. Gar- 

rettson, man-ied ; ii. Eachel !Mary, 

married Orlando Swoope, lives in Philadel- 
phia; iii. Harriett, married George W. San- 


derson, of Hnntiugdon. His second wife was 
Amanda ilcFarlane; their child is: William, 
died in -Tune, 1891. 

7. Matilda Elliott (1. Robert; 2. Benja- 
min and Sarah), born at Huntingdon in 1792, 
married March 28, 1816, to Dr. James 
Stewart, of Huntingdon county, who after- 
wards moved to Indiana, Indiana county. Pa.; 
she died in 18(35, aged seventy-three years. 
Their son is: 

I. ■\Yilliara M. Stewart, born January 17, 
1S17, married Elizabeth F. Clopper, of 
Greensburg, Pa., July 13, 1847. He read 
law and became a successful lawyer, was in 
partnership at Indiana with Silas i[. Clark, 
who was elected justice of the Supreme 
Court of Pennsylvania. Prior to 1870, he 
moved with his family to Philadelphia, Pa., 
where he engaged in the banking business 
and was one of the firm of B. K. Jamison & 
Co., although still keeping his office at In- 
diana and continuing his practice there, being 
counsel for the Pennsylvania Railroad Com- 
pany. Their children are: i. Henrietta B.; 
ii. James, born June 9, 1850, married June 
9, 1881, to Carrie Washburn; their children 
are "William M. and James M. ; iii. Edwai-d, 
born October 15, 1852; iv. Matilda E., mar- 
ried A. C. Coddington, June 13, 1S82; she 
died in 1891; their child is Elsy; v. Mary 
B. ; vi. William Moore, born November 30, 
1858, married ilargarette L. Ballard, IN'ovem- 
ber 23, 1892, is a lawyer in Philadelphia; vii. 
Harry, born January 30, 1857. 

The original Elliotts were Scotch-Irish 
Presbyterians, and most of their descendants 
have continued in the same faith. Benjamin 
Elliott was a Federalist, and his descendants 
for the most part have lieen Whigs and Re- 

The AsHiiAX Record. 

1. George Ashman was born prior to KiilO 
in Lyniington, Coimty Wiltshire, England. 
He probably came to America in 1670, 
with the Cromwells, Gists, Morays, 
ihuTays, Baileys, Philips's, Hawkins's, 
Bards,' Wilmot's, Bcs.nis and Ratten- 
bin-gs, who formed a colony and first set- 
tled in Calvert county, Md. He afterwards 
niDved to Anne Arundel county, on the 
south side of the Patapsco river. On Xovem- 
Ixr 30. 1894, he received a grant from King 
A\'illi;nii III. of a farm of 500 acres on Gun- 
powder Xcck, then Cecil county, which he 

called "Ashman's Hope," and whither he re- 
moved some time after receiving the grant. 
Aliout 1687, he was married to Elizabeth 
Trahearne, widow of William Cromwell, 
who died in 1684. and who was the son of 
Henry Cromwell, and first cousin of Oliver 
Cromwell, Lord Protector of England. 
This Henry Cromwell had been in Virginia 
as early as' 1620, his sons, William, Richard 
and John, came to America in 1670 with the 
colony that took up land on the south side of 
the Patapsco river, in ^Maryland. The Crom- 
well family lived near the Ashmans and there 
were a number of intermarriages between 
their descendants. In 1692 George Ashman 
and Richard Cromwell, with four others, 
were elected by the freeholders of Patapsco 
parish, now St. Paul's, as vestrymen, and as 
such had civil duties as well as religious to 
perform. In 1693, George Ashman was pre- 
siding justice of the county courts of Balti- 
moreT He died in 1699, leaving a will dated 
August 10, 1698, which was probated Feb- 
ruary 23, 1699, and of which his wife Eliza- 
beth was executrLx. He devised to his son 
John, when he should be sixteen years old, 
his plantation called "Ashman's Hope;" to 
his daughter Charity, when she should l>e six- 
teen years old, or married, his plantation 
called "Charity's Delight" and to his daugh- 
ter Elizabeth a plantation called "George's 
Fancy." In case of his children dying with- 
out issue he devised his lands to his brothers 
James and John. He also refers to his step- 
sons, Philip, Thomas and William Cromwell, 
whom he calls sons-in-law. At the time of his 
death his children were minors. He was a 
man of prominence and a member of the 
Church of England. He was buried in St. 
Paul's Parish, Baltimore, January 31, 1699. 
The children of George and Elizabeth Ash- 
man were: i. John, born in 1689; ii. 
Charity, born in 1691; iii. Elizabeth, bom 
in 1693. 

2. John Ashman (1. George), born in Anne 
Arundel county, Md., in 1689, married No- 
vember 26, 1713, to Constance Hawkins, 
whose parents lived in the same county, 
across the river from the Cromwells, and had 
come to xVmerica in 1670 with the English 
colony referred to in the history of George 
Ashman. He lived at "Ashman's Hope" 
which had been devised to him by his father. 
His wife was born about 161t3. Their chil- 


dren were: i. George, boru Xovember S, 
1714; ii. John, born September 1, 1716, mar- 
ried Miss Hawkins; iii. Elizabeth, born De- 
cember 2-4, 171S, married Daniel Stanbnry; 
iv. Constance, born March 17, 1720, mar- 
ried "William Cockey, born February 20, 
1718, they had four children; v. Charity, 
born February 11, 1722, married "William 
Cromwell, son of "William, grandson of ■\Vil- 
liam Cromwell and Elizabeth Trahearne and 
great-grandson of Henry Cromwell, they had 
sLx children; vi. Euth, born March 12, 172-4, 
married Hugh Merriken; rii. Eachel, born 
October 29, 1726, died in 1768, unmarried; 
viii. Patience, born March 26, 1728, married 

Jaebos; ix. "William, born July 8, 

1731, died in 1762, unmarried; x. Emanuel, 
born N'oveniber 27, 173-t; xi. Marv, born 
August 29, 1739. 

3. George Ashman (1. George; 2. John and 
Constance), was born Xovember 8, 171-4, at 
"Ashman's Hojae" on Gunpowder Xeck, Md. 
After reaching manhood he went to England 
on business for his f atlier, and while there met 
Jemima Murray, of Edinburg, Scotland, 
whom he married and brought with him to 
his home in Maryland. Her father and 
family accompanied them and settled in 
Maryland. Their children were: i. George, 
born in 17-40, died Xovember 5, 1811; ii. 
Elizabeth, married Richard Colgate, of Balti- 
more county, Md.; iii. Ellen, married John 
Colgate, of Baltimore county, Md.; iv. 
Sarah, born in 1765, married Benjamin 

4. George Ashman (1. George; 2. John; 3. 
George), was born in 1740, in Maryland; 
was married March 15, 1774, to Elinor Crom- 
well, who died in April, 1827. She was the 
daughter of John Cromwell, of Anne Arundel 
county, Md., and Elizabeth Todd; he was the 
great grandson of Richard Cromwell, who 
was the son of Henry Cromwell. The niece 
of Elinor iVshman, Elinor Cromwell, daugh- 
ter of Richard Cromwell, was married to 
Thomas Lee, of the vicinity of "Washington, 
D. C, and their daughter, 3Iary Diggs Lee, 
was married to Charles Carroll and had a son, 
John Lee Carroll, who was governor of Mary- 
land in 1876. Li June, 1776, George Ash- 
man moved from Maryland to Bedford Fur- 
nace, now Orbisonia, Himtingdon countv, 
Pa., where with his brother-in-law, Thomas 
Cromwell, and Edward Ridgely, he erected 

the old Bedford furnace about 1785, it being 
the first iron establishment west of the Sus 
quehanna. After coming to Pennsylvania, he 
was on December 10, 1777, commissioned 
colonel of the Second Battalion of Bedford 
county Associators, and on Xovember 21, 

1780, appointed lieutenant of Bedford coun- 
ty. He was commissioned justice of the 
Coui't of Common Pleas of Bedford county 
September 24, 1784. The county of Bed- 
ford from 1771 to 1787 included the jn'esent 
territory of Huntingdon county. In 1794 
he built a log house at Three Sjn-ings, Hunt- 
ingdon countv. Pa., six miles distant from 
Orbisonia, on a tract of 1,800 acres of valu- 
able limestone land which he had acquired, 
and moved there from Bedford Furnace. In 

1781. the Indians became so troublesome that 
he was obliged to send his family to Fort Lit- 
tleton, Fulton county, where they remained 
in the fort until the country became settled. 
He died Xovember 5, 1811, in his 7 2d year. 
The children of George and Elinor Ashman 
were all born at Bedford Furnace, and were: 
i. James, born January 7, 1775, married Mary 
Mason; ii. Elizabeth, born March 15, 1776, 
married John Palmer; iii. Richard, born Oc- 
tober 7, 1778, died unmarried; iv. Sarah, born 
January 25, 1781, died unmarried; v. John, 
born February 24, 1783, married Elinor 
Cromwell; vi. Josephus, born July 10, 1785, 
died unmarried; vii. Henrietta Maria, born 
August 24, 1787, married David Hunter; 
viii. Rebecca, born February 14, 1790, married 
William Hammill; ix. Eleanor, born October 
15, 1792, married James McGish; x. Ann, 
born on the same day, died in infancy; xi. 
George, born on the same day; married Jane 
Scott and moved to Indiana. The last three 
Avere triplets; xii. Francis, born October, 1, 
1795, died unmarried; xiii. Oliver. 

5. Sarah Ashman (1. George; 2. John; 3. 
George), was born in 1765 in Maryland, 
moved with her brother George in 1776 to 
Bedford Furnace, Pa., and resided with him 
until 1786, when she was married to Benja- 
min Elliott of Huntingdon, Pa. (See Elliott 
Family.) Their children were: i. Eleanor 
Elliott, born 17SS, married William Orbison, 
October 6, 1S08; ii. Harriett Elliott, born Oc- 
tober 1, 1790. married Jacob Miller, August 
20, 1811; iii. Matilda Elliott, born 1792, mar- 
ried Dr. James Stewart, March 28, 1816. 

6. James Ashman (1. George; 2. John; 


3. George; 4. George), was born at 
Bedford Furnace, Pa., Jannary 5, 1775. 
He moved to Fayette county, Pa., and 
married Mary iFason, daughter of Col- 
onel' Isaac and Catharine Harrison Ma- 
son, of Mt. Braddock, Fayette county. Pa., 
January 5, 1805; she was horn July 22, 1780, 
and died March 3, 1852. He was commis- 
sioned captain in the Tenth Kegiment of In- 
fantry, U. S. A., by President John Adams, 
April 17, 1799. He received the degree of 
Master Mason, March 20, 1799, in Lodge Xo. 
55, at Himtingdon, Pa. He died January 
25, 1808. They had one son: i. George 
James Ashman, horn June 19, 1806, died 
March 18, 1872; he married Sarah Ann 
Dawson, daughter of George and Mary Ken- 
nedy Dawson, of Brownsville, Pa., Xovember 
24,'l830. She was born April 10, 1811, and 
died March 9, 1848. They lived at X'ew 
Haven, Fayette county, where he kept a stijre. 
Their children were: i. James P. Ashman, 
born April 11, 1831, died April 24, 1836; 
ii. Mary Ashman, born March 21, 1833, died 
May 29, 1856; married Lafayette Markle, 
son of Gen. Joseph Markle, of "Westmoreland 
county. Pa., June 12, 1855; he was editor of 
the ConneUsviUe Enterprise at the time of 
their marriage. They had a son, George Ash- 
man Markle, born March 14, 1856, who mar- 
ried Ennna Overholt April 3, 1879, they have 
two children, Gertrude, born 1880, and 
Howard, born 1882; iii. Catherine Ton-ence 
Ashman, living at Connellsville, Pa.; iv. 
Sarah Kennedy Ashman, born October 15, 
1834, died April 23, 1836; v. Louisa Cass 
Ashman, born Xovember 16, 1838, married 
David Henry Ycech, son of Judge James and 
Maria Ewing Yeech, May 1, 1862. He was 
born 1837, and was a lawyer. During the 
civil war he was first lieutenant in the 
Fifth Artillery, V. S. A., and was aftei-wards 
captain of volunteers. After the M-ar, he 
practised law in Pittsburg until his death. 
May 2, 1874. Their children are: Catharine 
Ashman Yeech, born March 6, 1863, married 
Benjamin Paschall Howell, April 21, 1885; 
Sarah Louise Yeech, born February 3, 1867; 
and James Ashman Yeech, born Xovember 
21, 1872; vi. George Dawson Ashman, born 
September 5, 1844, died January 16, 1875. 
He enlisted as a private when seventeen years 
of age, and served through the civil war; 
after the war, resided in Pittsburg, Pa., where 

he was assistant paymaster on Pittsburg, Fort 
Wayne and Chicago K. R. He married Sarah 
Jane Miller, of Harrisburg, in 1865. 

7. Elizabeth Ashman (I.George; 2. John; 3. 
George; 4. George), was born at Bedford Fur- 
nace, Pa., March 15, 1776, married John Pal- 
mer, of Shirley township, Huntingdon coun- 
ty. Pa., February 19, 1795. In 1799 he was 
commissioned justice of the peace. Their 

children were: I. George Palmer; II. 

man-ied Greer; III. Mary Pahuer, 

burn 1804, died April 19, 1897, aged 93 
years, married William Maclay, of Hunting- 
don county. Pa. She was living at Spruce 
Creek, Pa., ■^\'ith her daughter Margaret, at 
the time of her death. Their children are: 
i. John Palmer ^laclay, formerly of Hunting- 
don, now of Altoona ; man-ied and has the fol- 
lowing children : Ellen, Annie, married to ^Ir. 
Yanness; James, Mary, Harry I., married to 
]\liss Maule; Margaret, married to William S. 
Taylor, son of the late Hon. George Taylor, 
of Huntingdon ; Cyrus and William ; ii. Mar- 
garet Maclay, married to Jacob Isett, of 
Spraice Creek, Pa.; lY. Peggy Palmer; V. 
Sarah Palmer, married Logan. 

After the death of John Palmer, his widow 
Elizabeth married William Harvey, of Shir- 
leysburg. Pa., they had a daughter, Catharine 
Harvey, who man-ied Andrew Fraker, of 
Shirlevsburg; their children were: i. W. Ash- 
man Fraker, who lived at Shirlevsburg; he is 
now dead, and his family reside in Altoona, 
Pa.; ii. Ellen Fraker, born 1841, married Dr. 
Alexander SheafFer, of Lewistown, Pa., who 
is now dead. Their daughter, Catharine 
Sheaifer, is married to Harry Lee, of near 
Lewistown, and they have a son, Henry 
Richard Lee, born 1895. 

8. John Ashman (1. George; 2. John; 3. 
George; 4. George), was born at Bedford Fur- 
nace, February 24, 1783. Most of his life was 
spent on one of the farms near Three Springs, 
which had been o-\vned by his father. Colonel 
George, and Avas knoA^Ti as the "^Mansion 
farm." He was married about 1810 to his 
cousin Elinor Cromwell, daiighter of Thomas 
Cromwell, who had come from ^Maryland to 
Bedford Furnace aboiit 1776. She was born 
17sr>. Cromwell township, Huntingdon 
county, was named "in honor of Col. Thomas 
Crumwell. who was an early settler and a 
distiuguislied and ]ins]ntable <'itizeu." The 
children of John an.l Elinor A>linian were: 


I. Eicliard Ashman, married Mary Jane 
Loraine, daughter of Dr. Loraine, of Pliilips- 
burg. Pa.; he lived at Three Springs on one 
of the farms which had been owned by his 
grandfather, and was a merehant. lie died a 
few years ago. Their children are : i. Loraine, 
married, lives in the West; ii. Cornelia, lives 
at Three Springs; iii. George, married Miss 
Hamlin, practised dentistry at Philipsburg, 
Pa.; iv. Siegel, married Miss Stevens, lives 
near Three Springs in the old mansion honse 
erected by his great-grandfather, George Ash- 
man ; V. Herbert, married EllenKessl'erjOf Phil- 
ipsbnrg. Pa., and lives at Three Springs, in 
the honse formerly occupied by her father; 
vi. Lillian, married Di-. Dallas Barnhart, of 
Dublin Mills, Fulton county, Pa. He was 
elected to the legislature in March, 1897. 

II. Ann Ashman, married Isaac Taylor, 
lives at ^It. Union, Pa. 

III. Ellen Ashman, married Dr. J. A. 
Shade, and lived at Shade Gap, Huntingdon 
county, Pa., until he was murdered in 1876. 

IV. Thomas Ashman, married Melissa 
Greene, daughter of Tvenzie L. Greene; their 
children are John and Annie, and live at Or- 
bisonia, Pa. 

9. Henrietta Maria Ashman (1. George; 2. 
John; 3. George; 4. George), born August 24, 
1787, at Bedford Furnace, Pa., married in 
1811 to Da-\ad Hunter, of Ayr township, 
Bedford (now Fulton county. Pa.,) who was 
born in 1781. He was a member of the legis- 
lature from Bedford coimty in 1834-1835. 
She died JMarch 29, 1835, aged 48 years. Lie 
died October 26, 1 8.-,r,, ngod 72 years. Their 
children were : i. Gcririiv A^hnuiii IIiiiitcr.lioriL 
April 10, 1813, did IMki, iinuTied Martha 
Hunter, of Kentucky; ii. William Hunter, 
born September 25," 1814, died 1818; iii. 
Eleanor Cromwell Hunter, born November 
15, 1815, died 1888, married Eev. Finley 
McN^aughton; iv. Elizabeth Hunter, born 
January 15, 1818, died 1869, married "Wm. 
M. Patterson, of Ajt township, Fulton 
county; their children, David Hunter, and 
Henrietta, married to T. Erskine Carson, of 
Baltimore, Md. ; v. Henrietta Maria Hunter, 
born December 18, 1819, married George 
McCulloch, of Alabama; vi. Louisa Hunter, 
born April 22, 1822; vii. Martha M. Hunkn-, 
born Xovember 6, 1824; viii. Ann Galloway 
Hunter, born August 5. 1828, died June 12, 
1853. She was married in October, 1848, to 

John B. Patterson, whose grandfather, Wil- 
liam Patterson, of Xjx township. Bedford 
county, was an ensign in the Seventh Com- 
pany, Eighth Battalion, of Cumberland county 
Associators, was commissioned July 31, 1777, 
and spent part of one winter at Valley Forge. 
He was born in York county in 1747, and 
was a member of the Pennsylvania Legisla- 
ture in 1794. On John B. Patterson's farm 
in Fulton county, the Confederate General, 
Bradley T. Johnson, had his headquarters on 
the night of the day when Chambersbui'g, 
Pa., was burned by the Confederate troops 
(July 30, 1864). That Avas the last Confeder- 
ate camp fire north of Mason and Dixon's 
line. John B. Patterson and Ann Galloway 
his wife had one son, Thomas Elliott Patter- 
son, born in Ayr township, Fulton county, 
July 15, 1853; graduated from the law de- 
partment of L'nion C..llci:e,X. Y.,in 1875, ad- 
mitted to the Philailclpliia February 26, 
1876, and still CdnTimu-: Tn practise law in 
Philadelphia. Was married June 18, 1885, 
to Bertha Remington, of liion, Herkimer 
county, X. Y. They have two children: 
Elliott Remington Patterson, born August 
7, 1886; and Howard Ashman Patterson, 
l)orn September 13, 1891. 

10. Rebecca Ashman (1. George; 2. John; 
3. George; 4. George), born February 14, 
1790, at Bedford Furnace, Pa., married 
William Hamill, of Shippensburg; she died 
at Orbisonia, Pa., Xovember 30, 1862, aged 
seventy-two years. Their children are : 

I. George Ashman Hamill, married Jane 
Chamberlain in May, 1847, moved to Mar- 
tinsbnro. W. A"a., where he practised medi- 
cine until his death, Xovember 16, 1870; 
they had a daughter. Bell, born in 1862. 

il. William Cromwell Hamill, born in 
1821, died June 2, 1843. 

III. Elizabeth, married Thomas E. Orbi- 
son, January 22, 1845; (see Orbison Record); 
she died April 20, 1864. 

IV. Eleanor, married September 3, 1851, 
to Richard Benson Wigton, of Rock Hill Fur- 
nace, Huntingdon county. Pa.; he was then 
engaged in the iron business, afterwards went 
into the coal business at Huntingdon, and 
from there moved to Philadelphia, where he 
resided, his son being engaged with him in 
mining and shipping coal. He died in 1895: 
their children are: i. William Hamill Wigton, 
liorn Xovember 20, 1854, lives at Bryn Mawr, 


Pa.; married May 24, 1881, to Anna ISTiit- 
ting; their children are: Jeannette, Kichard 
Benson, Nutting, Elizabeth, Katharine; ii. 
Frank liiner Wigton, born March 17, 1857, 
married Mary Louise Wilson, October 31, 
ISSS, and li-\es in Gerraantown, Pa.; their 
children are: Tvobert Wilson, born July 27, 
1800; Edward ]S'ewton, bom February 16, 
1893; iii. Charles Benson Wigton, born July 

2, 1859, at Huntingdon, Pa., married Anna 
McCann, of Philadelphia, May 13, 1881; 
their children are: Charles Benson, born 
September, 1885; Theodora Bell, born Octo- 
ber, 1SS6; iv. Eleanor Rebecca Wigton, born 
in Huntingdon, Pa., married Dr. Hoch, of 
Philadelidna in 1891. 

V. Edward Bird Hamill, a physician in 
Martinsburg, W. Va. , died May 22,1882. He 
was twice married; his first wife was Irene 
Hughes, of Mercersburg, Pa. ; their children 
are: i. Mary Elizabeth Hamill, born Decem- 
ber 15, 1854; ii. Irene Hughes Hamill, born 
March 2, 1856, married Henry Bechtel, of 
Hagersto^vn, Md. ; iii. Elizabeth Hamill, mar- 
ried William Bullen, March 9, 1875, and 
live in AVashington, D. C. The second wife 
of Edward Bird Hamill was Kate Hooper; 
their child is: i. George Ashman Hamill, 
married Lillie Benton, of Hagerstown, Md., 
March 10, 1883; he is a physician and resides 
in Martinsburg, W. Ya. 

VI. Floi-ence Rebecca Hamill, died at 
Orbisonia, Seirtember 24, 1850. 

11. Eleanor Ashman (1. George; 2. John; 

3. George ; 4. George) ; was born at Bedford 
Furnace, Pa., October 15, 1792, died March 
9, 1867. She was married June 4, 1824, to 
James ]\IcGirk, a merchant in Philipsburg, 
Pa., son of Stephen McGirk. He was born 
March 26, 1789, died June 16, 1855. Their 
children Avere: 

I. Henrietta McGirk, born April 15, 1831, 
married Dr. Foster, of Philipsburg. They 
bad one daughter, Helen; she was married 
to George Zeigler, formerly of Huntingdon, 
who was a merchant in Philipsburg. Their 
children were: Henrietta Zeigler and Helen 
Zeigler, married to Fred. Todd, of Philips- 

II. Croniwell AlcGirk, born October 6, 
182!l, (lio.l .\pril 7, 1S30. 

III. John Davis McGirk, born October 21, 
1834,married Mary Hand,born May 11, 1836, 
•daughter of Aaron and Eliza Foster Hand. 

He is a physician in Philipsburg. Their chil- 
dren are: i. Loretta j\IcGirk, born October 14, 
1857; ii. Annie Foster McGirk; iii. Charles 
E. McGirk, born Sejitember 17, 1869, he is a 
physician and resides in Philipsburg. 

IV. James McGirk, born December 25, 
1826, died March 17, 1830. 

There is in the possession of Herbert Ash- 
man, great-grandson of Col. George xV'sli- 
nian, at Three Springs, Huntingdon county. 
Pa., a looking-glass said to be over two hun- 
dred years old, on the frame of which is a 
double coat of arms, indicating the union of two 
families; one of these is the A-luuaii arms, and 
corresponds with the follnwiiig ilc^eription 
taken from Burke's Animrinl ISiinings and 
Heraldry: "Ashman (Lymington, C^^. Wilts.) 
Or, on a bend, gules, between two talbots, 
heads erased, salde, three fleur-de-lis argent. 
Crest, a liaiitbuy i)i p:ilc." Tlie motto is 
''WafcJi Wrrl." It is pn .liable that the origi- 
nal Ashmans belonged to the Churcli of Eng- 
land, as all who came from Maryland to Penn- 
sylvania were members of the Episcopal 
church. Col. George Ashman was a Federal- 
ist, and most of bis descendants became 
Whigs, and afterwards Republicans. 

The Allisox I1ec(.ird. 
William Allison was born June 17, 1696, in 
the north of Ireland, and was of Scotch ances- 
try; came to America about 1730, and settled 
in that part of the Cumberland valley, Penna., 
where the town of Greencastle, Franklin 
county, is now situated, and died there De- 
cember 14, 1778, aged eighty-two years. He 
was one of the first justices of Cumberland 
county, and on May 28, 1750, with other jus- 
tices, met Richard Peters, Provincial Secre- 
tary of Pennsylvania, at Shippensbuig, for the 
purjiose of removing trespassers, who were 
mostly Scotch-Irish, from the unpurchased 
lands belonging to the Indians. He married 
Catharine Craig, about 1737. He left a will, 
which was proved February 23, 1779, and re- 
curded in the Register's Office at Carlisle, in 
A\'ill Book "C," page 144. He had the fol- 
lowing brothers and sisters born in Ireland: 
James, born November 12, 1693; Patrick, 
born February 21, 1699; Jean, born June 22, 
1701: John, born January 18, 1704, had land 
adjoining his brother William in Cumberland 
county, and had a son named Jolui; Robert, 



bom December 21, 1707; Margaret, born 
June 24, 1709. The children of William and 
Catharine Allison were : I. John, born Decem- 
ber 23, 173S; II. Patrick, born Xovember 7, 
1740, died August 21, 1802, at Baltimore, 
Md.; graduated at the University of Penn- 
sylvania in 1760; was apjiointed professor in 
the academy at Xewark, Del., in 1761; was 
licensed to preach by the Second Presbytery 
of Philadeljihia in March, 1763. In August, 
1763, was invited to a church in Baltimore, 
Md., and in 1765 was ordained its pastoi', in 
which relation he continued till his death. He 
was a prominent man in the Presbyterian 
church, and was a D. D.; III. Agnes, born 
February 26, 1743, married Robert ilcCrea, 
had a son, William ; IV. Eobert, born February 
4, 1745; Y. William, born Xovember 15, 
1749; VI. Catharine, born in 1751, married 
James Hendricks. 

2. John Allison (1. William), born Decem- 
ber 23, 1738, near Greencastle, then Lancas- 
ter county, afterwards Cumberland county, 
now Frauklin coiinty. He received a thor- 
ough English and classical education under 
the care of the Scotch-Irish Presbyterian min- 
isters of the locality. In October, 1764, he 
was appointed one of the provincial magis- 
trates for Cumberland county, and was re-ap- 
pointed in 1769. At a meeting of the citizens 
of that county held at Carlisle, July 12, 1774, 
he was appointed on the Committee of Obser- 
vation for Cumberland and liecame quite ac- 
tive in the struggle for independence. He was 
a member of the Provincial Conference held 
at Carpenter's Hall, Philadelphia, June 18, 
1776, and was appointed by that body one of 
the judges of the election of members to the 
first Constitutional Convention for the second 
division of the coimty at ( 'li.iiiilici'-bnro-. He 
was colonel of the Second liattalion of Cum- 
berland county Associators dm-ing the Jersey 
campaign of 1776 and 1777, and a member of 
the General Assembly in 1778, 1780 and 
1781. In 1782 he laid out the town of Green- 
castle. In 1787 he was chosen a delegate 
from Franklin county to the Pennsylvania 
Convention to ratify the Federal Constitution, 
and in that body seconded the motion made 
by Thomas McKean, jSTovember 24, 1787, to 
assent to and ratify it. At the first Federal 
Conference held at Lancaster in 1788, he was 
nominated for Congress, but was defeated at 
the election that year. He took a bold stand 

for the ratification of the Federal Constitution 
while his colleague and almost his entire con- 
stituency were oj^posed to it. He was a ruling 
elder in the Presbyterian church and of great 
prominence during the Revolutionary era. He 
man-ied, Xovember 3, 1768, Elizabeth Wil- 
kin, who was born in Ireland, Xovember 11, 
1748, and came to America in 1764; she died 
Xovember 19, 1815, aged sixty-seven years. 
John Allison died Jime 14, 1795, aged fifty- 
seven years, and his remains rest in Moss 
Spring Presbyterian Church graveyard, one 
half mile east of Greencastle. His children 
were: I. Mary, born September 6, 1769; II. 
Catharine, born April 22, 1771; III. William, 
born July 14, 1773; IV. Margaret, born April 
24, 1775; V. Robert, born March 10, 1777; 
VI. Patrick, born February 14, 1779; VII. 
X'^aney, born December 14, 1780; VIII. Eliza- 
beth, born June 5, 1784; IX. Lydia, born 
September 19, 1786, died X^'ovember 4, 1828; 
X. Rebecca, bom Ajn-il 1, 1789; XL John 
Craig, burn A n-nst 8,1791; XIL Wilkin, born 
Octdbi r 4, 1 T'.'-'J. was a student at Dickinson 
College. ( arli^lc, died August 11, 1810. 

3. William Allison (1. William), born Xo- 
vember 15, 1749, died September 4, 1825. 
He married Mary ilcLflnahan, sister of Sam- 
uel ilcLanahan, of Franklin county. Their 
children were: I. William; II. Isabella Craig, 
born June 14. 1794; III. John; IV. James; 
V.Robert; VI. Samuel; VII. Joseph; VIIL 

4. Mary Allison (I.William; 2. John), born 
September 6, 1769, married about 1791 to 
Andrew Henderson, of Chester county, who 
settled in Huntingdon, Pa.; he was bom in 
1762, and died Jime 26, 1812. She died 
March 21, 1823. Her husband was one of the 
early settlers in Huntingdon county, which 
was organized September 20, 1787, and was 
formed from part of Bedford county. He was 
an otHcer in the Revolutionary war at the age 
of seventeen, and belonged to the order of 
Cincinnatus. He was appointed September 
29, 1787, associate judge of Huntingdon 
county for a term of seven years. At the 
same time, he was also appointed recorder of 
deeds and register of wills, and on January 15, 
1788, received a commission as justice-elect 
for the town of Huntingdon. On December 
13, 178S, he was appointed prothonotary of 
the Court of Common Pleas. He was a mem- 
ber of the convention which framed the Penn- 



sylvania Constitution of 1790. After the 
adoption of that constitution he was re-ap- 
pointed by Governor MitHin on July 11, 1791, 
I^rothonotary and clerk of the Quarter Ses- 
sions, Oyer and Terminer and Orphans' 
Courts; and on January 13, 1800, Governor 
McKean re-appointed him to all these offices, 
which he continued to hold until February 
28, 1809. He was elected chief burgess of the 
borough of Ili^ntingdon for five successive 
years, from 1803 to 1807 inclusive, and again 
in 1809 and 1810. He erected the large 
three-story brick house at the southeast corner 
of Third and Allegheny streets, in the bor- 
oixgh of Huntingdon, about 1810, which was 
occupied as the Pennsylvania Kailroad depot 
for a number of years, and which has recently 
been torn down (1893). They had a son: i. 
John Allison Henderson, born 1793, gi-adu- 
ated at Dickinson College, read law and was 
commissioned prothonotary February 9, 
1821; he died September 15, 1824, aged 
thirty-one years. 

5. Margaret Allison (1. William; 2. John), 
born April 24, 1775, married December 30, 

1806, to Samuel McLanahan, brother of Mary 
who had married her aincle, "William Allison; 
she lived at Locust Hill farm near Green- 
castle; she died November 17, 185(3, aged 
eighty-one years. He was born September 11, 
1775, and died November 20, 1847, aged 
seventy-two years. Their children were: I. 
John Allison McLanahan, born August 28, 

1807, married Mary Davidson, of Green- 
castle, December 23, 1836; he died January 
16. 1837, she died March 8, 1885. 

II. Iiol)ert !McLanalian, born September 
19. 1809, died October 30, 1857. 

III. James Craig McLanahan, born Sep- 
tember 12, 1816, married Sarah Kennedy 
April 9, 1850, and lived in Greencastle; was 
president of First National Bank for a number 
of years; he died in 1893, aged seventy-seven 
years. They had one child: i. Samuel, born 
February 12, 1853, married October 17, 
1877, to Maud Imbrie; she died February 14, 
1884. He is a Presbyterian minister, and 
preached in Baltimore for a number of years; 
he is married a second time. By his first wife 
he had one child, J. Craiii', born April 28, 

TV. ]\Iargaret A. McLanahan, born ]\rarch 
22, 1814, married John McLanahan McDow- 
ell, of Chamhersburg, October 22, 1833, he 

died September 20, 1882, she died about 
1889. Their children are: i. Allison McDow- 
ell; ii. Tench, married Eliza Gehr, of Cham- 
hersburg, June 22, 1865; their issue: Wilkin 
Brewer; and Percy, died January 31, 1882; 
iii. Samuel McLanahan, killed at battle of 
Kenesaw Mountain, June 27, 1864; iv. Mary 
Ann; v. John Van Lear, died October 15, 
1854; vi. William Craig, lives in Montana; 
vii. Cteorge Davidson, lawyer in Chambers- 

6. Eobert Allison (1. William; 2. John), 
born March 10, 1777, near Greencastle, Pa., 
in 1795. When a young man, he went to 
Huntingdon, Pa., where he was clerk in the 
public offices held by his brother-in-law, An- 
drew Henderson. Here he read law with 
Eichard Smith, and was admitted to the Hunt- 
ingdon bar at April Term, 1798. He was 
married September 21, 1802, by Rev. John 
Johnston, to Mary Elliott, daughter of Benja- 
min Elliott, by his first wife, ilary Carpenter 
(see Elliott Record). He was captain of the 
"Huntingdon Light Infantry," a volunteer 
company which on May 4, 1812, voted to ten- 
der its services to the President in the then 
impending war with Great Britain, a formal 
declaration of the war not being issued until 
June 18. The tender was accepted, and the 
company marched from Huntingdon on Sep- 
tember 7, and reached Buffalo, IST. Y., October 
2. His diary, kept during their march, has 
recently been found by R. A. Orbison. In 
1830 he was elected to Congress, his opponent 
being John Scott. He was elected chief bur- 
gess of the borough of Huntingdon in 1815, 
again in 1817, 1819, and from 1821 to 1824 
inclusive, and again in 1826 and in 1830. He 
and his brother-in-law, Andrew Henderson, 
erected Allegheny Furnace, near Altoona, in 
1811. He had a stroke of paralysis in the fall 
of 1830, which affected his speech to a great 
extent. He died December 2, 1840, aged 
sixty-three years. His children were : 

I. ]\Iarv Henderson, born December 13, 

II. Elizalieth Wilkin, born Xovember 19, 

III. Catharine 'SI., born Fela-uary 9, ISIO. 

IV. John C.. born Jaiuiarv 4, lsl4. died 
July 1, 1815. 

V. Lydia Rebecca, liorn .\ugn<t 2. 181 (i, 
nuu-ried September 16, ls41, to William B. 



Orbison (see Orbison llecord); she died Aj^ril 
1, 1891, aged seventv-foiir years. 

VI. Robert Wilkin, born "October 6, 1819, 
died July 25, 1820. 

VII. William Elliott, born March 28, 
1822, died September 3, 1828. 

VIII. Xancy Davidson, born August 29, 
1825. married December 8, 1852, to Eev. W. 
E. Bingham, D. D., of Oxford, Pa.; she died 
in 1865. Their issue: i. Edward D. Bingham, 
born February 10, 1854, admitted to the l>ar 
in Xovember, 1878, and now practises at 
West Chester, Pa.; has been district attorney 
of Chester county; he married M. G. Johns- 
ton, of Pittsburg, September 20, 1888; ii. 
Mary Bingham, born July 1, 1855, died ]^o- 
rember 3, 1883. 

7. Xancy Allison (1. William; 2. John), 
born December 14, 1780, married Elias 
DaA-idson, of Greencastle; she died December 
25, 1818. Their children are: 

I. John Allison Davidson, born Julv 4, 
1812, died March 28, 1841. 

II. Elias Wilkin Davidson, born July 17, 
1814, died May 7, 1865, at Pittsburg. Pa. 

III. Elizabeth Lydia, born October 1, 
1818, married January 30, 1850, to William 
Dorris, Esq., of Huntingdon; she died Sep- 3, 1860. Their issue: i. William Wil- 
kin Dorris, born March 1, 1852, admitted to 
the bar April 12, 1876, lives in Rochester, 
X. Y. ; ii. John Davidson Dorris, born Octo- 
ber 14, 1858, admitted to the bar Septem- 
ber 27, 1880, married Eva Emily Shedd, at 
Boston, Mass., June 19, 1895, she died Julv 
n, 1896. 

S. Elizabeth Allison (1. William; 2. John), 
born June 5, 1784, married April IS. 1811, 
at Huntingdon, Pa., by Eev. John Johnston, 
to Dr. John Henderson, of Franklin county, 
who settled in Himtiugdou. Their children 

I. Matthew Allison Henderson, married 
!Margaret Sheddon, lived in Huntingdon, af- 
terwards moved to San Francisco, Cal., with 
his family. Their issue: i. A. Boyd, con- 
nected with one of the large newspapers of 
San Francisco; ii. Anna: iii. Mary; iv. Mar- 

II. Andrew Allison Henderson, married 
Virginia Pekoe, was a surgeon in U. S. Xavy; 
their children are: i. Augustus; ii. George; 
iii. Virginia. 

III. J. Kearsley Henderson, born 1817, 
died 1850. 

IV. Eobert Henderson. 

V. William Henderson, married Mary 
Church, daughter of Eobert R. Church, who 
after the death of ^Mr. Henderson, married 
Gov. George W. Geary. They had one sou: 
i. William, died in Texas. 

9. Rebecca Allison (1. AVilliam; 2. John), 
born April 1, 1789. After the death of her 
sister Xancy, married her brother-in-law, 
Elias Davidson. 

10. Isabella Craig Allison (1. William; 3. 
William), born June 14, 1794, married 
March 25, 1819, to Dr. John Boggs, son of 
John Boggs. Dr. Boggs practised medicine 
in Greencastle, Pa., and was for many years 
an elder in the Presbyterian cliTirch of that 
place; he died July 12, 1847. Their children 
are : 

I. ]\rary ilcLanahau Boggs, born January 
31, 1820, at Greencastle, married January 
18, 1842, Charles Wharton, sou of Charles 
Wharton, of Philadelphia, she died July 10, 
1886. He was born February 26, 1816, 
died December 29, 1888. Their issue: i. 
Charles Wharton, a physician in Philadel- 
jihia; ii. Anne H. Wharton; iii. Mary Whar- 

11. Francis Johnston Boggs, born Xovem- 
ber IS, 1825, married Xannie Irvine Patti- 
son, of Virginia. He is a Methodist minister 
aud lives in Ashland, Va. 

III. William Allison Boggs, born October 
1, 1823, died unmarried. 

IV. John Ci-aig Boggs, born October 18, 
1S25, married. 

V. James Buchanan Spencer Boggs, bom 
October 20, 1S2S, married Susan Weeks, of 
Galesburg, 111. 

VI. Charles Henry Beatty Boggs, born 
December 27. 1830, married Octavia Camp- 
liell, of Virginia. He is a Methodist minister, 
and lives in Virginia. 

VII. Elizabeth Johnston Boggs, born 
March 29, 1833, died unmarried. 

VIII. Isabel Allison Boggs, born Febru- 
ary 26. 1838, married October 18, 1S6S, Ed- 
mund de Schweinitz, D. D., S. T. D., bishop 
of the Moravian church, they had a daughter, 
Isabel, who died Julv 10, 1S90, unmarried. 

n. James Allison"( I.William: 3. William), 
born .lanuarv ."i, 17!l>'. married Susan Ih'own, 


both died Jamiaiy 29, 1S61, near Green- 
castle. Their children were : 

I. William. 

II. James. 

12. Mary Henderson Allison (1. William; 
2. John; C.^Kobert), born December 18, 1803, 
married Dr. Jonathan H. Dorsey, of Hunt- 
ingdon, Pa., January 6, 1824, he died in 
1865, and in 1868 she moved to St. Paul, 
Minn., where she died October 22, 1884, 
aged eighty-one years. Their children were : 

I. Robert Allison Dorsev, born November 
7, 1826. 

II. Henry Augustus Dorsey, born Sep- 
tember 30, 1830, died May 25, 1858. 

III. William Elliott Dorsey, born li^arch 
19, 1832, died at St. Paul, Minn., February 
25, 1878. 

IV. Edward Greenbiiry Dorsey, born ISTo- 
vember 13, 1833, died iii the U. S. military 
service at Camp Harvev, Ore., June 8, 1869. 

13. Elizabeth Wilkin Allison (1. William; 
2. John; 6. Robert), born November 19, 1805; 
married Benjamin Miller, of Huntingdon, 
December 28, 1826; he died January 10, 
1889; she died May 11, 1887. Benjamin 
Miller was the son of Henry and Rebecca 
GrafRus Miller, who moved from York, Pa., 
to Huntingdon, in April, 1791; his mother, 
Rebecca, was born at York, April 18, 1751, 
and was the daughter of Martin Nicholas 
Graffius, Avho was born May 2, 1722, and 
lived at York. Their children are: 

I. Marv il. Miller, born September 22, 

II. Robert Allison Miller, born Septem- 
ber 17, 1829. 

III. Henry Edwin Miller, born August 
31, 1S34-, married Mary Miller, daughter of 
Henry W. Miller, of Huntingdon (see Ash- 
man Record); he died July 14, 1892. Their 
children are: i. Clyde; ii. Elizabeth; iii. 
Edwin, dead; iv. Mary, dead; v. Robert Alli- 

14. Catharine M. Allison (1. AVilliam: 2. 
John; 6. Robert), born February 9, 1810, 
married Alexander Gwiu, of Huntingdon, 
August 2, 1832; she died June 20, 1857. 
Their children are : 

I. Charles Allison Gwin. born Mai'cli 9, 
1834, died December 4, 1887, in Xebraska. 

II. jMary Allison, born September 
9, 1837, married J. Irvin Steele, May 15, 
1860, he now resides in Ashland, Pa.; she 

died in November, 1890; their children are: 
i. Charles E. Steele, born March 29, isdl; 
ii. William A. Steele, born August 27, 1S62, 
now in Seattle, AVash. ; iii. J. Irvin 
Steele, born January 1, 1865; iv. Stewart 
Steele, born November 29, 1866; v. Harry 
G. Steele, born December 6, 1868. 

III. Annie Gwin, born October 21, 1S41, 
died April 8, 1858. 

IV. Nanny A. Gwin, born December 24. 
1845, died May 26, 1866. 

V. Alexander Dallas Gwin, born Febru- 
ary 15, 1848, married Alinda Thorne, June 
29, 1878, in Minnesota, where he lived for a 
nimiber of years; now resides in Kentucky or 

15. Robert Allison Dorsey (1. William; 2. 
John; 6. Robert; 12. Mary Henderson), 
born November 7, 1824, lived in Hunting- 
don county. Pa., until 1868, when he moved 
to St. Paul, Minn, where he died December 
28, 1877; his first wife was Annie Dorris, 
daughter of William Dorris, of Huntingdc:in. 
Their cliildren are: 

I. Marv DovM'v, b.irii February 23, 1857, 
married .I..m ph M.k'iMi.n. of St." Paul, Feb- 
ruary 1':;. ]^^7: rlicir child is: i. Annie Mc- 
Kibben, born April 1, ISSS. 

II. Annie Dorsey, born May 4, 1859, mar- 
ried Joseph McKibben November 4, 18.^0; 
she died June 9, 1884. Their children are: 
i. Allison, born September 14, 1881: ii. 
William Campbell, born February 8, 1884, 
died July 11, 1884. 

III. Henry Augustus Dorsey, born Sep- 
tember 24, 1860. 

Robert A. Dorsey married his second wife, 
Annie Walker, of Alexandria, Pa., March 5, 
1864. Their children are: 

I. William Allison, born April 6, 1865. 

II. Ellen Dorris, born January 5, 1868. 

III. Bertha Mav, born Mav 4, 1869, mar- 
ried B. W. SchribeV, Esq., of St. Paul. Minn., 
have a daughter, Ruth! 

IV. Robert Allison, born Februarv 23, 

A^. Edward Barfholomew, born June 19, 

A'l. Louise AValker, born Februarv 22, 
IS 76. 

16. :Mary M. :\[iller (1. AVilliam: 2. John; 
6. Robert; 13. Elizabeth Wilkin), born Sep- 
tember 27, 1827, married in 1849 to Dr. H. 
K. Neff, of Huntingdon, who was a surgeon 



in the army during the war; he died at Ilnnt- 
ingdon. Their chikh-en are: 

I. Elizabeth Xeflf, horn January 7, 1850, 
married June 6, 1878, to La^Teuce L. Brown, 
of Huntingdon; they now reside in Cambria 
county. Their child is: i. Elizabeth Allison 
Brown, born in 1887. 

II. ilary M. Xeff, born Septemlier 7, 
1858, married Frank Hall, of Huntingdon, 
Xovember 21, 1882; he is stenographer in 
the Department of Internal Affaii-s at Har- 

Ilir Julian A. Xefi', born in May, 1854, 
married Martha Morrison, January, 1872, 
now resides in Altoona. Their children are: 
i. Mary Miller; ii. Margaretta Dobyne; iii. 
Martha Cecilia. 

17. Eobert Allison :\rillcr (1. AVilliam; 2. 
John; 6. Eobert; 13. Elizabeth "Wilkin), 
born September 17, 1829, married May 17, 

1853, Mary Lyon Fisher, daughter of Thomas 
Fisher, of Huntingdon, practised dentistry for 
a number of years. At present is engaged 
in insurance, milling and real estate busi- 
ness at Himtingdon. Their children are: 

I. Thomas Fisher Miller, born June 6, 

1854, married November 30, 1882, Mary E. 
'Welch, now resides in Fullerton county, 
Neb. Their issue: i. Robert Allison; ii. 
Charles Welch ; iii. Thomas Fisher. 

II. Elwood Andrew ililler, born August 
4, 1858, married April 17, 1884, Fannie 
Gage, daughter of George F. Gage, superin- 
tendent of Huntingdon and Broad Top R. 
E.; he is engaged in the milling business at 
Huntingdon; they have a daughter, Helen, 
born February 10, 1885. 

III. Eobert Allison ililler, born January 
4, 1861, died Februarv 26, 1864. 

' IV. Elizabeth Wilkin Miller, bcrn Xo- 
vember 1, 1863, died December 1, 1863. 

V. Louis J. ililler, born May 27, 1865, 
married December 20, 1892, to Fanny 
Blandy; he is engaged in the life insurance 
business at Huntingdon. They have issue: 
i. Jack Allison, born Se])teniber 6, 1893, 
died November 30, 1896; ii. Charles Houtz, 
born 1895. 

VL Charl<- IIcrlxTt .Miller, born Ancust 
31, 1867, niarri..! .luiie 25. IMm;, to Mary 
H. Dorris, danohtor of William Dorris, Esq. 

VII. :Marv Fisher .AliUer. 

VIII. Rachel Jackson :\liller. 

Tlu' oriii'inal AllisMU^ were Seotch-Irish 

Presbyterians, and their descendants have 
continued in the same faith. Col. John Alli- 
son was a staunch Federalist, and his descend- 
ants have been "Whigs and Eepublieaus. 

The Orbisox Eecord. 
1. Thomas Orbisou was born ni'ar Lur- 
gan, Ireland, about 1715; came to Amer- 
ica about 1740, and piTrchased a farm near 
Welsh Eim, now Franklin county. Pa., 
then in Peters township, Cumberland county, 
-where he resided until his death, in ilarch, 
1779. He was married October 19, 1744, 
to Elizabeth, daughter of James j\Iiller, of 
New Castle county, Del.; she died March 3, 
1763; he afterwards, on August 12, 1765, 
married ]\Iary Kyle. He left a will, which 
was proved ]\Iareh 10, 1779, and is recorded 
in the Eegister's Office at Carlisle in "Will 
Book "C," page 145. His children by his tirst 
wife, Elizabeth, were: 

T. William, born August 2, 1745, was a 
commissioned officer in the military service 
of the United States during the Eevolutionary 
war, and died in the campaign called the 
"Flying Camp." 

II. Thomas, born September 23, 1747. 

III. John, born March 27, 1750, died 1827. 

IV. Susanna, born September 20, 1752. 

V. Bethiah, born November 2, 1755. 

VI. James, born December 21, 1757. 

By his second wife, Mary, he had one child : 

1. Jean, born July 5, 1766. 

2. I"honias (1. Thomas), born September 
23, 1747. near "Welsh Eun, now in Franklin 
county, Pa., married Elizabeth Bailey, Ajn-il 
5, 1774: her father, Benjamin, with his wife, 
had ccinie from Ireland some time before her 
liirtli. wliifh was in December 23, 1752. He 
])nrclias(_Ml a farm near Willalloways Creek, in 
York county, now Adams county, where his 
family resided during the Eevolutionaiw war; 
he was in the military service of the United 
States, and was commissioned captain, July 5, 
1777. xVbout the close of the war, he moved 
to Millerstown (now Fairfield), Adams 
county, where he engaged in mercantile busi- 
ness until October 2, 1784, when he died of 
scarlet fe^'cr, aged 37 years. His widow, 
Elizabeth, in May, 1787, was married to Wil- 
liam Agnew, M'ith whom she moved to Butler 
county. Pa., in 1805;».she died there Ajn-il 7, 
1826, aged seventy-five years. His children 
■\vere : 

1. Isabella, li<irn Januarv 31, 1775, married 



John Slemmons, of Butler coitnty, their child, 
Elizabeth R., married John Hogg, of Butler 
county; they had the following children; i. 
Mary Jane, born July 21, 1838; ii. Caroline 
Harriett, born December 20, 1840, died De- 
cember 19, 1846; iii. Orbison S., born May 
25, 1843; iv. Alice Rachel, born March 31, 
1846, died in December, 1853; v. Xornian 
Doak, born February 24, 1849, died June 14, 
1852; vi. Isabel Elizabeth, born June 29, 

II. William, born June 27, 1777. 

III. Elizabeth Miller, bom Ortober 27, 
1779, married Samuel Porter. 

3. John (1. Thomas), born March 27, 17."'>0, 
in Cumberland county, Pa., now Franklin 
county, married Elizabeth Lloyd, February 6, 
1781. He held a commission during the 
Revolutionary war as iirst lieutenant, dated 
July 31, 1777, and some time after the war 
moved to Maryland, thence to Rockbridge 
county, Virginia, whence about 1806 he with 
his family moved to a farm near Piqua, Ohio, 
and seven years later to near Troy, Ohio, 
where he died, Xovembcr 22, 1827, aged 
seventy-seven years; his wife died in 1833; 
their children were: 

I. Thomas, born February 3, 1782. 

II. Henry, born September 22, 17S3. 

III. David, born December 21, 17S5, died 
October 15, 1820. 

IV. Elizabeth, born Xovcmlier 24, 17s7, 
married "\V. McCampbell, of Rockl>ridge 
county, Va., and afterwards moved to Ohio; 
she died September 1, 1821. 

V. James, born Octol)er 27, 1789, died 
September 5, 1791. 

VI. Julia L., born April 24, 1791, mar- 
ried John Gilmore, of Rockbridge county, 
Va., afterwards moved to Ohio; she died in 

VII. John, born December 3, 1793, died 
August 31, lS2(t. 

VIII. Xancy, born October 6, 17'.t7, died 
March 15, I7'.t9. 

4. James (1. Thomas),' born December 21, 
1759, in Cumberland county, Pa., now Fraidc- 
lin county, married by Rev. John Johnston at 
Himtingdon, Pa., May 21, 1803, to Mrs. Pat- 
terson. "When quite young, he entered the 
military service during the Revolutionary 
war, and held a commission. He afterwards 
read law, and was admitted to the bar of 
Franklin county at Chambersburg, at ]March 

term, 1791; he died March 13, isii-, aged 
53 years, without leaving any chililn.-n. 

5. William (1. Thomas; 2. Thomasj, born 
June 27, 1777, in York county, now Adams 
county, married October 6, 1808, at Hunting- 
don, Pa., by Rev. John Johnston, to Eleanor 
Elliott, daughter of Benjamin Elliott by his 
second wife, Sarah Ashman. (See Elliott 
Record). He attended the school of Rev. 
Alexander Dobbins near Gettysburg from 
1794 to 1797, when he studied "the lan- 
guages;" in .\.j)ril, 1799. he commenced read- 
ing law with his uncle, James Orbison, at 
Chaml;)ersburg, and was admitted to the bar of 
Franklin county, August, 6, 1801; on the 
26th of August, 1801, he was admitted to the 
bar of Huntingdon county, at Huntingdon, 
Pa., where he continued to practise imtil 
about 1830, after which. he devoted most of 
his time to literary pursuits. He was president 
of the Huntingdon Bank, which was chartered 
in 1814. Having jjurchased large tracts of 
land in Cromwell Uvp., he laid out part of 
this property in town lots, about 1832, and 
named the town Orliisonia. He died at Himt- 
ingdon, August 23, 1857, aged eighty years. 
His children were: 

I. Sarah Harriett, born July 11, 1807, 
married her cousin, Dr. Benjamin McMurtrie 
(see Elliott Record), January 28, 1830; she 
died Xovember 25, 1832; they had one child, 
Harriett Orbison, born Xovember 25, 1832, 
married Richard Rush Bryan in 1855; she 
died June 7, 1893, in Philadelphia. 

II. Caroline Elizabeth, born March 10, 
1811, died September 9, 1829. 

III. Thomas Elliott, born Xoveud)er 26, 

IV. William Penn, born Xovember 4, 

V. Ellen ilatilda, born July 19, 1816, mar- 
ried Uaj 2, 1837, to Dr. John Harris, of 
Bellefonte, Pa., who afterwards removed to 
Philadelphia. During the war of the Rebel- 
lion, she was secretary of the Ladies' Aid So- 
ciety of Philadelphia, and in that capacity 
spent much of her time ministering to the 
soldiers in the hospitals. Her husband ha\-ing 
been ajipointed consul to Venice in 1S70, she 
went there and remained until his death in 
1881 ; she now resides in Florence, Italy. 

VI. Henrietta Ashman, born Decendier 12, 
1817, married September 10, 1841, to Hugh 
Xelson McxVllister, of Bellefonte, Pa.; she 



died April 12, 1S5T; their children are: i. 
Mary Allison McAllister, married Geu. 
James A. Beaver, ex-Goveruor of Pennsylva- 
nia, now one of the judges of the Superior 
Covrt of Pennsylvania. Their children are: 
Gilbert iST. Beaver, married Anne Sinionton, 
of Harrisburg, in 1896; Hugh McA. Beaver; 
Thomas Beaver; ii. Ellen Elliott, born April 
8, 1846, died August 18, 1866; iii. Sarah, 
married Dr. Thomas R. Hayes, of Bellefonte, 

VII. Martha Ann, born December 1, 1819, 
died September 1, 1S24. 

VIII. Louisa Augusta, born October 2, 
1821, married April 4, 1850, to Samuel Col- 
hoim, lived in Philadelphia until 1868, when 
they moved to St. Paul, Minn.; he died in 
Colorado in August, 1883; they had one 
child, Emma C, married to Dr. Francis At- 
wood, of St. Paul, in 1876; he died in August, 
1882; they had a son, Francis, boi'u January, 

IX. Edmund Burke, born April 20, 1823, 
lived in Philadelphia for a number of years, 
and since 1873 has been residing at Orbisonia, 

X. James Henry, born March 23, 1S26. 

XI. Isabella Slemmons, born Xovember 
18, 1831, drowned September 14, 1833. 

XII. Charles Carroll, born December 1, 
1835, died Xovember 20, 1836. 

6. Henry (1. Thomas; 3. John), born 
September 22, 1783, in Cumberland county. 
Pa., now Franklin coimty, moved with his 
father to Maryland, and thence to Eockbridge 
coimty, Va., whence in 1806 he moved to near 
Piqua, Ohio, and in 1813 to near Troy, Ohio; 
he married Mary Ann Telford, of Kentucky, 
ISTovember 24, iS09; he died September 14, 
1866, aged eighty-three years; his wife died 
April 19, 1868. He was one of the organi- 
zers of the Presbyterian church in Troy, Sep- 
tember 13, 181.3, and was elected an elder 
February 19, 1839; their children were: 

I. James, born September 18, 1810; mar- 
ried to Elizabeth Adams, of Troy, in 1843; 
he died in 1881, aged seventy-one years; their 
children were: i. Mary Ellen, married Crew 
Robb, their issue, George; ii. Julia E., mar- 
ried Ring Meiley, their issue, Robert and 
Frederick; iii. James, married Eva VanKirk; 
iv. Alice. 

II. John Gilmore, born December 29, 
1811; married Elizabeth Marshall, March 10, 

1836; he died 1885, aged seventy-four years; 
their children were: i. Charles Telford; ii. 
"William Henry, married Mary Myers, and 
lives in Indianapolis, Ind. ; their issue. Ruby, 
John, Charles, Edna, Marshall Watson, and 
Elizabeth; iii. Mary Jane, lives in Troy. 

III. Julia, born March 6, 1813; married 
Edward Marshall, of Pennsylvania, in 1856, 
resides in Sidney, Ohio ; their children are : i. 
Henry; ii. Xancy; iii. Thomas; iv. Laura. 

IV. Thomas Jefferson, born February 22, 
1815; moved to near Sidney, Ohio, in 1873; 
has been married three times; his first wife 
was Xancy Stnart, of Pennsylvania, Septem- 
ber 9, 1845; their children are: i. Andrew S. 
born October 7, 1846, died October 12, 1886; 
ii. John F., born October 10, 1847, married 
Margaret Love; iii. Charles B., born October 
27, 1848, married Anna Fulton; iv. Hattie, 
born July 27, 1850, died December 25, 1881; 
married Asa Keifer. He was married to his 
second wife, Elizabeth Burns, of Cincin- 
nati, Ohio, September 25, 1853; their child 
is: i. Da%ad R., born 1859; is assistant cash- 
ier in bank at Sidney ; married Emma Ewing. 
He was married to his third wife, Mrs. Mary 
Jane Smith, Xovember 10, 1883. 

V. Alexander, born Xovember 20, 1816, 
married [Mary Ayres, of Troy, Ohio, and 
moved to Fort "Wayne, Ind., thence to 
Sturgis, Mich. Their children are: i. John 
Telford, married; ii. Henry, married; iii. 
Mary ]\Iiller, married; iv. Lucy, married; v. 
Charles; vi. Caroline, dead. 

VI. David, born January 29, 1819, mar- 
ried Hannah Jones; he died 1845. Their 
children are: i. Edwin, dead; ii. Ora D. ; 
iii. Louisa, dead; iv. Da^^id, married Amanda 
Stith. Their issue, Ray. 

VII. William, born October 30, 1822, 
married ]\Iary J. Johnston in 1844; he died at 
Washington in the military service of the 
United States in 1864. 

VIII. Xancy, born October 30, 1822, 
married Albert G. Evans, of Troy, their chil- 
di-en: i. John Rush Evans, M. D., married 
Julia Denise, and lives in Troy; their issue: 
Albert, George, Edwin and Henry; ii. Henry 
Orbison Evans, married Jennie Jefferson; 
their issue : Xannie. 

IX. Martha Jane, born June 9, 1827, mar- 
ried Elias Skinner, who was born in 1825, 
and lived in Troy. He died 1873. Their 
children are: i. ]Mary, dead; ii. Joseph 

' ,:fJ^^i 



■ '■ ' ' : 1S36; be died.l^fe.^ If;. ...■; 

thtir cliiklren wore: i. ii. 

William Henry, raarrif i; 1 

lives in Indianapolis, Ivf. ; si.v, 

Jolm. Charles, Edna, :\i . a-.d 

Elizabeth; iii. Mary Ja?: 
avtr; III.- Jnlia, born Mari ' riii d 

April Edward ifarshall, of Pou i"-.',*.;, 

:u. barah, resides in Sidney, Ohio ; tUt-. 
r Bellefonte, Henry; ii. Xancy; iii. Thoma 

IV. T^oTn°= Tefferson, bori; . 
i^bfr 1, 1819, 181. .ir Sidney, t- 

ha? iiree times; 

October 2, >"^i ■' F^nnsylv^i 

Samuel Col- -are: i, >iu.... ,. .S. 

1868, when ' October 1;?. l->-0; 

: he died in ... 10, 1847, !;■.;;• ...-d 

L-y had one Mar- * B., born C» ;■ 

. Francis At- 27, !- ''ulton; iv. ILiMie, 

! lied in August, bom : -fcember 25, l^.Sl ; 

icis, born January, • man was married to hi.s 

-. r. :: ';j;-;5. of Cincin- 

: their child 
-istant cash- 

:^, IS.';!, .'; ■ "married Mary 'Ay 

XJI. C! :'er 1, moved to T-'ort 

1835, died ■ iSoG. Stiirgis. Mich. Tliolv t:. 

n. IJeiu^ ; 3. John), born Telford, married; ii. I]< 

September.- i^°r1and county, Mary sillier, married-; iv. ^... 

Pa., now 1 ed with liis Charles; vi. Caroline, dead. 

father *^o ]yr .'Rockbridge ^^^. David, boni January -^f* \yM<. mar- 

■■'O'liif ' iinvedtoncar ried Haimah Jones; he <!> ' ' ' - 

Piqi . Troy, Ohio; children are; i. Edwin, ' 

he i: ■ t ITcnhi'^lc^-, ii".^i, dead; iv. Da^i". 

Xo-v ' • ■'• issue, Ray. 

\'^(j lam, bom Octobi 

.Apr; J. Johnston in 18 ' 

/ers > in the military s. 

f.-in', :. ■ . ■ -^ in 1864. 

Tebi u wore: \ i 1 1. .Nanoy, born Octoh<-: 

I. 1810; mar- married Albert G. Evans, of Tv 
rif-a ■ •MV, in 1843; drrn: i. .T.->br. Rn>h Ev.ons. 1\! 
he d M • , . y-oue years ; their 
chill'- \W.n, married CreAv 
Iv'o: ii. .lulia E., mar- 
Robert and iheir i^Mn;: .N'annie. 
' ^■^ VanKirk; IX. Martha Jane, bom June 9, I- .'7, mar- 
■ ^ ' -'inner, who was bom in 1825, 
■ ember 29. Troy. He di<>d 1873. Their 
1. M.arch 10, i. Mary, dead; ii. Joseph 



Henry Skinner, married Elizabeth Leaf, tlieir 
issue. Sue, Ralph, Cieorge M., Fred, dead, 
and Xellie; iii. William, dead; iv. George C. 
Skinner, married ]\Iace Moore; their issue, 
Lucretia, Ruth, and Delia; t. Frank, dead; 
vi. Kate Edna Skinner, married Horace 
Allen; their issue, Amy; vii. Charles Skinner; 
•."iii. James Edward Skinner. 

X. Mary Ann, born September 29, 1829, 
died December 14, 1832. 

7. Thomas Elliott (1. Thomas; 2. Thomas; 
5. "William), born November 26, 1812, 
at Huntingdon, Pa., where he resided 
imtil about twenty years of age, 
when he went to the village of Or- 
bisouia, Huntingdon county, laid out by 
his father. He there engaged in mercantile 
business, milling and OTcrseeing a number of 
farms in the neighborhood. He was married 
three times, and died April 19, 1891, aged 
se"^'enty-eight years; married xVnn Wiestliug 
August 18, 1835, afterwards Elizabeth 
Hamill January 22, 1845 (see Ashman 
Record), and again Arabella Erwin, by whom 
he had one son, William Erwin, born in Jan- 
uary, 1872. His wife, Arabella, died two 
weeks after he did. 

8. William Penn (1. Thomas; 2. Thomas; 
5. William), born Xovember 4, 1814, at 
Huntingdon, Pa.; married Lydia Rebecca 
Allison September 16, 1841 (see Allison 
Record); graduated at Jefferson College in 
1832, read law with John G. Miles, Esq., at 
Huntingdon, graduated at Carlisle Law 
School in November, 1835, was admitted to 
the bar at Himtingdon, Xovember 12, 1835. 
Li the spring of 1836, entered into partner- 
ship with James M. Bell, Esq., and continued 
mth liim until 1845. He was ordained a 
ruling elder in the Presbyterian church, 
October 31, 1855; was president of the First 
National Bank of Huntingdon from 1871 to 
1878; at present (1897) is practising law with 
his son, Robert A. The house located at Third 
and Penn streets, Huntingdon, in which he 
now lives, was built by his father in 1815. 
Their children are: 

L William Allison, born August 29, 1842; 
married llaxj W. Hurd, daughter of Seth T. 
Hurd, Esq., of Bro^vnsville, Pa., iSTovember 
24, 1864; was engaged in the coal business 
at Huntingdon; in 1873 he, with Charles G. 
Welch and his brother Robert A., built the 
Huntingdon Car Works; in 1872 he removed 

to Philadelijhia, where he resided until his 
death on June 26, 1893. Their children are: 
i. Mary Hurd, born May 6, 1866, married 
William G. Ridgway, of Philadelphia, Oc- 
tober 8, 1SS9; their issue, Mary Elizabeth 
Ridgway, born in August, 1890; Eleanor 
Orbison Ridgway; Edith Cornwall Ridgway, 
Richard Barzillai Ridgway, born in February, 
1897; ii. Jane Hurd, married Arthur L. 
Holmes, of Philadelphia, June 12, 1895, now 
resides at Wayne; their issue, Mary Hurd 
Holmer, born June, 1896; iii. Lydia Allison; 
iv. jSTancy Bingham; v. Henrietta McAllister. 
IL Mary Elliott. 

III. Ellen Harris. 

IV. Robert Allison, born January 31, 
1849; graduated at Washington and Jeti'er- 
son College in 1868; read law with his father 
for two years; graduated at Albany Law 
School in 1871, admitted to the bar of Hunt- 
ingdon county. Pa., May 25, 1871, was a 
member of the bar of St. Paul, Minn., from 
September, 1877, to September, 1878, when 
he returned to Huntingdon. In July, 1880, 
went to Washington, D. C, having been ap- 
pointed assistant to the Assistant Attorney 
General, who had charge of defending claims 
against the United ' States in the Court of 
Claims; in August, 1882, returned to Hunt-' 
ingdon; in January, 1887, received an ap- 
l^ointment in the office of the Secretary of the 
Commonwealth at Harrisburg; on June 1, 
1887, was appointed chief clerk in the Attor- 
ney General's office, where he remained four 
years, and on June 1, 1891, entered the Au- 
ditor General's office, remaining one year; is 
now (1897) practising law at Huntingdon 
with his father. He married J. Estella Gre- 
gory, of Hancock, Md., June 14, 1894. She 
is the daughter of Richmond Gregory and 
Ann Lewis Snively, and was born October 19, 
1862. He was elected chief burgess of Hunt- 
ingdon Febriiary 16, 1897; the same position 
having been held by his great-grandfather 
Benjamin Elliott, in 1796, and his grand- 
father, Robert Allison, in 1815. 

9. James Henry (1. Thomas; 2. Thomas; 
5. William), born March 23, 1826. After 
graduating at Jefferson College, attended the 
Theological Seminary at Princeton, X. J., 
was ordained a minister in the Presbyterian 
church, and in 1850 went as a missionary to 
India; married Agnes Kay, of Scotland, Sep- 
tember 28, 1853, who died without issue. On 



jS'oveiuber 22, 1S5S, wlieu on a visit to tins 
country, lie married Xainiy D. Harris, of 
Bellefonte, who retiuiied with him to India. 
In 1869 they returned to this country on a 
visit, and on April 19, about a mouth after 
their return, he died at Bellefonte, Pa. Their 
children, who were all born in India, are : 

I. James Harris, married Lilly Campbell, 
of CTermanto^^'n, Pa., September 26, 1-886. 
He graduated at Princeton College, also at 
Princeton Theological Seminary, and enter- 
ing the Presbyterian ministry went as a mis- 
sionary to India in October, 1886. Their is- 
sue: i. James Archibald, born September 3, 
1887; ii. Eleanor Elizabeth, born February 
11, 1880; iii. Douglas Campbell, born De- 
cember 20, 1890; iv. Lillian Valentine, born 
September 25, 1892. 

II. Eleanor Tamison, married Eev. Sylves- 
ter W. Beach, of Baltimore, Md., Aixgust 2, 
1882. He now (1897) has charge of a Presby- 
terian church in Bridgeton, X. J.; their 
children are: i. Mary Hollingsworth ]\Iorris, 
born July 17, 1 885; ii. Xancy Woodbridge, 
born March 14, 18S7; iii. Eleanor Elliott, 
born April, 1891. 

III. Agnes, went as a missionary to India 
in 1890, but has since returned. 

lY. Thomas James, is studying medicine at 
the L'niversity of Pennsylvania. 

The early Orbisons were Scotch-Irish Pres- 
liyterians, and those of the Pennsylvania 
branch continue in the same faith. The Ohio 
branch have become Methodists. In politics 
they were first Federalists, and their descend- 
ants became AYhigs and Bepublicans. 

J. SIMPSOX AFEICA, Hmitingdon, Pa., 
was born in Huntingdon, September 15, 1832, 
son of Daniel Africa. His great-grandfather, 
Christopher Africa, was a native of Hanover, 
Germany, whence he emigrated to America, 
settled first at Germautown, near Philadel- 
phia, and afterwards removed to Hanover, 
York county. Pa. He had two sons: Michael 
and Jacob. !iIichaol Africa married Cathe- 
rine Graffius, of York, Pa., and removed in 
1791 to Huntingdon. There he became one 
of the founders of the Lutheran congregation, 
in which he was made an elder. His son, 
Daniel Africa, was born in 1794. Pie became 
a prominent and influential man; was 
dcjiuty surveyor for Huntingdon county from 
1824 to 1830, and justice '^of the peace for 

twenty-two years. He was noted for the ex- 
tent and accuracy of his legal knowledge. He 
married a datighter of John Simpson, a native 
of Bucks county, and a Re^•olutionary vet- 
eran. The fatlier-in-law of John Simpson, 
and maternal great-grandfather of J. Sirdp- 
sou Africa, was James iltirray, who also took 
part in the Revolutionary war, as captain of a 
Lancaster company. He was born in Scot- 
land, and coming to this cotmtry in 1730, 
while still very yottng, he resided in Paxton, 
now in Dauphin county. 

J. Simpson Africa was educated in the 
Huntingdon public schools and academy, and 
was instructed in surveying and civil en- 
gineering by his father and his uncle, James 
Simpson, especially the latter. His fu-st 
work is his chosen profession was done imder 
Samuel W. ilifHin, chief engineer on the 
Huntingdon and Broad Top railroad, in 1853. 
His close and conscientious attention to all 
matters pertaining to his profession, his stiidi- 
ous habits and retentive memory, coupled with 
his long experience, gained throughout the 
leng-th and breadth of Pennsylvania, have 
made him not only one of the foremost 
surveyors of the State, but an almost imer- 
ring authority on its land titles. He has 
shown himself a juiblic-spirited and service- 
able citizen of the borough of Huntingdon, 
taking a pride and pleasure in promoting its 
business enterprises and imi^rovements. He 
has served as councilman and chief burgess, 
and as cashier of the First Xational Bank. In 
1882, he became one of the incorporators of 
the L^nion Trust Company of Philadelphia, 
and has been ijresident of the com]iany since 
October, 1887. 

In 1853 Mr. Africa was elected county sur- 
veyor, having then barely attained his ma- 
jority. In 1858-59 he was a clerk in the State 
Senate, and in the latter year was elected to 
represent Huntingdon county in the Legisla- 
ture. He served on important committees, 
and soon made his influence felt, as one 
of the ablest members of that body. His polit- 
ical successes have been the more remarkable 
that they have been attained in districts or- 
dinarily giving large Republican majorities. 
He has rendered his most distinguished ser- 
^•ice to Pennsylvania as Secretary of the De- 
partment of Internal Affairs. Selected by 
Gen. ^IcCandless as deputy secretary at the 
time of the organization of the department, it 



has been justly saiil tliat it^ ]ircscnt efticieiicy 
is due to the thorouuh ami I'l-m'tlcal manner 
iu which he aeconiplislic! that work. Al- 
thoitgh defeated for the ottice of secretary iu 
1S78, the vote given him made the very de- 
feat a triumjah. In 1SS2 he received the 
unanimous nomination of the Democratic 
jjarty, and was elected. 

Mr. xifrica has been a member of the ila- 
sonic fraternity for more than thirty years. 
He served as Secretary and "Worshipful ]\Ias- 
ter of Mount Moriali Lodge, Xo. 300, and as 
Secretary and M. E. High Priest of Standing 
Stone C'hapter, Xo. 201. He was K. W. 
Grand 31a.-tcr of Masons of Pennsylvania 
during the yrars ISDI and 1S92 and is UdW 
chairman of the C'limmittee on Temple and 
member of the ( '(iniinittce on Correspondence 
of the Grand C'haptev. He has been acti\'c 
in the work of tlie fraternity, rendering 
important services. He is a fluent writer, and 
is master of a pure and correct style. For two 
years — 185.3-5-4 — he published and edited 
the Standing Stone, issued at Hunting- 
don. He has ^vritten and edited nitich local 
historical matter, his most extended and im- 
portant work of this nature being his ''History 
of Huntingdon and Blair Cotmties," to which 
the publishers of this work take jjleasure in ac- 
knowledging themselves greatly indebted. 

J. Simpson Africa was married, January 1, 
1856, to Dorothea C, daughter of Joshua 
Greenland, at that time sheriff of Huntingdon 
county. Their surviving children are: B. 
Franklin: James Murray; and AValter G. Mr. 
Africa belongs to the Presbyterian church at 
Huntingdon; he has served the congregation 
as trustee, and as treasurer. 

IIEXKY CLAY ClllSOLM. ^l. D., phy- 
sician and surgeon, Huntingdon, Pa., was 
born in Kemper county, Miss., October 3, 
1859. He is a son of Judge William "W. 
and Emily S. (Mann) Chisolm. 

William Wallace Chisulm. the l)nct..r"s 
father, was born in ]\[organ cinnity. < ia., De- 
cember G, 1S30. At the age of sixtt'cn witli 
his parents he removed to Kemper ci.niity. 
Miss. It was then, as it is now, infestcil by 
lawless men, whose bloody deeds are still fresh 
in the memory of manj- of Kemj^er's oldest 
citizens. So pronounced was the sjiirit of 
violence, and so liclit the regard fnr Inunan 

life, that the growth and inipn.\-,-iiiciit (jf the 
commtmity was very slow, and thr -amr con- 
ditions have worked their ill rticct- upon the 
fortunes of that region even to the present 
time. The accession of sober, industrious and 
trustworthy families to a community like that 
of Kemper, in these days, was hailed with de- 
light by all good peojile far and near, and the 
Ghisolm family were not long in establishing 
their claim to such welcome, and in taking 
that right rank among the worthy residents 
of the county which they ever after main- 

Judge GhisiilmV gn-at-graudfather came 
from the vicinity <pf Inverness, Scot- 
land, where the ' (;his„hns have lived 
a large and wealthy clan for liun- 
dre<ls of years. In the final armed ef- 
fort of Charles Stuart to wrest the crown of 
the alliccl kingdunis of Sc, .tland and England 
from tlic lloiKc ,,(■ llauovcr, the Clann Siosal, 
or The ( 'liishuiiii>,csp,,iiscd his cause. At the 
battle of Culloden the chief of the clan was 
slain. The wild charges of poorly armed and 
undisciplined highlanders could not overthrow 
the solid columns of the English and Hessian 
troops. Charles was compelled to fly the fleld 
to escape capture. His safety he had to trust 
to the honor and devotion of his followers. 
Three jioor members of the Clan Chisholm 
concealed him in a cave, and supported him 
there until they were able to convey him to 
the coast of Aris-aig, resisting the temptation 
of a reward of £30,000 offered by the English 
crown for his aiiprehension. One of these, 
Hugh Chisholm, on shaking hands with the 
Prince at parting, vowed he never would offer 
his ri<>ht hand to another; a vow he religiously 

Many members of this clan fought under 
Wallace and Bruce. A claymore tised by one 
of them at Bannockburn is still preserved, a 
precious ancestral relic. After the battle of 
Culloden the great-grandfather of Judge Chis- 
olm, at the age of twenty-three, with other 
Scotchmen who had been adherents of Charles, 
emigrated to America, landing at Charleston, 
South Carolina. The name in Scotland is 
spelled Chishohn, but the grandfather of 
Judge Chisolm hoping to correct its frequent 
mispronunciation, dropped the second h, an 
act regretted bv all his descendants. 

Judge Chisolm's father was William J. M. 


C'liisolm, whose w'lie was Durutliv L. Swau- 
sou, the daughter of a cultured family in 
Georgia. She was born in 1S02, living until 
18S2, a woman of great force of character, 
and during the Rebellion outspoken in her 
loyal sentiments. 

In March, 1S51, the head of the family 
died, leaving "William, then a boy of nineteen, 
to be its guardian and protector. Three of 
the children were younger sisters, and on his 
deathbed the father exacted of the son a prom- 
ise that he would not only discharge the obli- 
gations of the estate, which amounted to a 
large sum, but also educate his three sisters 
and provide for them comfortably. Young 
Chisolm at once set himself about the faithful 
performance of these duties. How Avell he 
earned out his pledge, the creditors or their 
heirs, and two of the sisters in good homes and 
surrounded by happy families, are still li"\'ing 
to attest. 

On October 29, 1S5G, William Wallace 
Chisolm was married to Emily S. Hann, an 
accomplished young lady, a daughter of John 
W. Mann; he was a native of Amelia Island, 
Florida, a prominent lawyer, and a gentleman 
of high literary and social culture. The career 
of the Manns, diu'ing the jjeriod of the early 
settlement of Florida, was somewhat remark- 
able. The grandfather of Emily S. Maun, 
who OM'ued a large tract of laud under a Sj^an- 
ish grant, was the fu'st settler and built the 
first house where the city of Eernaudina now 
stands. In the dispute between the early 
American settlers in Florida and the Spanish 
authorities, in which the former endeavored 
to hold certain lands against the claims of 
Spain, the Manns took a leading part, by vir- 
tue of superior intelligence, skill and bravery. 
Many of the settlers were driven from their 
homes, while others were put to death or car- 
ried off and comjielled to drag out a life of 
refined torture as captives in Moro Castle, 
Ctiba. Whether the theory be correct or not, 
it is natural to believe that the strong char- 
acteristics which distinguish the condtict of 
individuals do mould, at least to a degree, the 
minds and fortunes of their posterity. If this 
be true, perhaps the bold and venturesome 
spirit so constantly displayed by this family 
in the days when the iron rule of Spain bore 
so heavily upon the jiioueer settlers, had its in- 
fluence in shaping the remarkable character 
and life of Emily Mann Chisolm. The grand- 

father of Emily S. Maun, Thomas Mann, a 
soldier of the Eevolution, boz-n in Virginia, 
was the third generation from the first settler 
of that name, who was a Scotchman and mer- 
chant from Edinburgh, and who o^^^led the 
shii^s transporting his goods. Thomas Mann 
volunteered early in the struggle for liberty 
and served till the close of the war pronounced 
liberty gained. Mr. ]Mann was shot through 
the knee at the battle of the Co^y[Dens in 
South Carolina, and was again wounded, by 
a party of Tories, and left for dead, the ball 
entering the left side of the chest and passing 
through into the shoulder, where it remained 
until his death at the age of eighty-four 
years. Mr. Mann was in the battle of Brandy- 
wine, and was for some time a captive on a 
British prison ship. 

Mrs. Chisolm's mother was also one of a 
family of whom many were patriot soldiers 
of the Eevolution. She was a daughter of 
Wheeler Gresham, a !iIethodist minister, who 
was ordained by Bishops Asbury and Coke, 
Wesley's first two bishops. 

The education acquired by yoang Chisolm, 
ujD to the date of his marriage, was only such 
as could be gained at odd times in the common 
schools of the country, then very poor; but 
with the assistance of a fond and faithful wife, 
his intellectual acquisitions soon began to be 
more nearly commensurate with his enterpris- 
ing and nobly emulative si^irit. From that 
hapjw maiTiage dates the beginning of an 
eventful and prosperous life. Full of manly 
Aagor, young Chisolm first entered upon the 
business of farming, almost the only legiti- 
mate pursuit then open to the young men of 
that country, most of whom preferred a life 
of idleness and debauch to one of persevering 
toil. On the 30th of January, 1858, at 
a special election for magistrate, W. W. Chis- 
olm was chosen to fill that important and hon- 
orable position in the toAvnship in which he 
li^-ed. During his term as magistrate he read 
law and was admitted to the Bar. It was on 
the 11th of February, 1858, that Cornelia 
Josephine, the first child of William Wallace 
Chisolm and Emily S. Maun, was born. The 
sublime character of this pure girl, who nine- 
teen j-ears after fell a Adctim of savage out- 
lawry, and died while defending her father 
against the assault of a bloodthii'sty mob, is 
worthy the emulation of America's most ex- 
alted womanhood. Her young life, yielded 


up on the altar of filial low ami (icvnti.m tu 
those principles of justice and right which ever 
inspired the hearts alike of the parent and of 
the child, cannot have been sacrificed in rain. 
The lesson taught by her example will live on 
after the generation and sjjirit that prompted 
those inhuman acts shall have been forgotten, 
or numbered with the things of the past. In 
the historic record of the proud names of our 
country's noble women that of Cornelia Chis- 
olni will be written in golden letters on the 
brightest page. 


By Stephen S. Harding. 
Written on the First Annuersary of her Death. 
Brave, murdered, martyred maid ; 
I've listened long- in silence — listened long 
To hear some matchless poet's sons', 
Great soul to thee and thine, 
Thou matchless heroine, 
To soothe thy wandering' shade. 
But all in vain. 

Why sleeps the silent lyre. 

With its wild, sobbing strain '? 

Why hushed the poet's words of fire. 

That rouse brave hearts with manly ii-e, 

'Gainst lawless deeds of blood. 

And wrongs of helpless womanhood. 

In cowardice so mean, in infamy so vast. 

That hell gives in and devils stand aghast. 

Oh. peerless heroine, what tho' thv name 

May lack in euphony and rythm : ' 

What boots the name 

When deeds of thine shall burn a deathless flame 

In hearts of valiant men ; 

And thy pure soul, from mortal dross i-efined, 

Shall glow with magic light, as when 

A dewdrop is enshrined 

In bosom of trihedral prism ? 

Cornelia Chisolm ! 

Hadst thou but died in classic Rome, 

Where thy great namesake died. 

Thou wouldst have lived in Parian stone. 

Supreme in excellence alone ; 

Through the long ages dim. 

Thy very name the poet's synonym 

For filial love and courage deified. 

Why should Columbia's daughters weep 

For Jeptha's virgin daughter '? 

Victim to vow— dread vow to keep— 

For Ammonitish slaughter. 

Why wander forth in fancy's dreams. 

Along the mountain paths and streams. 

With misty eyes, where Mizpah's maiden trod. 

Doomed sacrifice to Judea's God, 

And have no tears, brave Kemper gii 1, for thee. 

Thou more than virgin maid of Gallilee. 

From this slight digression we return to 
the narrations of events in the order of their 
occurrence. In October, IS.JS, at a o-encra! 

elcctiun. yuung Chisdhu \v;is again chosen 
magistrate liy the voters of his district. He 
served his term of two years with honor to 
himself, and to the entire satisfaction of his 
constituency; so, at least, we may infer from 
the fact that in Koveniber, 1S60, he was made 
probate judge of the county, a place which he 
held almost uninterruptedly until 1S67, when 
he resigned in favor of John McRea, the ap- 
pointee of the provisional governor of the 
State. During his long tenure of this office, 
Judge Chisolm was elected three times in suc- 
cession against Judge Gill, an older man, said 
to have been, next to Judge Chisohu, the 
most popular official ever elected in the 
county. In all these years, while enjoying to 
so high a degree the confidence of his coun- 
trymen, Judge Chisolm was a pronounced 
Union man, of Whig proclivities, and an un- 
compromising enemy of the party which had 
precipitated the Rebellion, with all its terrible 
consequences. There being no Lincoln ticket 
in Mississippi, he voted for Bell and Everett, 
nominated by Southern Unionists in opposi- 
tion to the seceding Democratic ticket. Bell 
being a "Whig and a Tennessee Unionist. 

As a civil oificer and citizen, he was steadily 
Disposed to the parricidal contest, unalterably 
refusing to lend to it any personal aid. lie 
never bore arms except in the thirty days' 
militia, and then imder protest; meanwhile 
the popular voice of the country was for the 
vigorous prosecution of the war. even unto the 
"last ditch." Yet, Whig and Unionist as he 
was, from term to tenn Judge Chisolm waa 
continued in office. Yoitng and inexperienced 
in politics as he was, some qualities inherent 
to his character must have won him the hearts 
of his fellows and insured for him this phe- 
no)nenal success. At the close of the great 
struggle, he was among the few Southern men 
needing no "reconstruction," in whom the pure 
flame of enthusiastic patriotism burned with 
pure and steady light. Such were the lead- 
ing characteristics of Judge Chisolm in early 
manhood, which, gathering strength as time 
advanced, marked his whole ptiblic and pri- 
vate career. 

Besides Cornelia J., already mentioned. 
Judge Chisolm had five youngor children: 
Dr. Henry Clay; Julia Augusta. liorn October 
\'''. 1m;1, died November 21, ISOl; John 
^I:iiiii. born Octolier .5, Isrti', shared the 
fate (if his father and eldest sister; 


bioghai'iiical excyclopedia 

Ida :\ray. liorn Oi-tolx-r Ki. Ix;.".. ilicd 
January 11, IMW;; ami William Wal- 
lace, born October ID, ISOG, is a member of 
the Hunting-don county bar. After resigning 
his judicial position, Judge Chisolm filled 
other offices in Kemper county until ISTo. 
In 1S76 he was elected to Congress on the 
Eepublican ticket. The news of his atrocious 
murder by the notorious "Ku Klux Klan," 
with those of his two children, Cornelia and 
John ilanu, a brave boy of fourteen, sent a 
thrill of horror to all right-minded people 
jSTorth and South. It took place April 29, 
IS 77, and was one of the last of those out- 
bursts in the lawless neighborhoods of the 
South which showed the fire of secession to be 
still smoiildering among the ashes of the "lost 
cause." It was one of those deeds in which 
the perpetrators overshoot their mark; even 
those in political sympathy with them could 
not but repudiate such brutalitv. 

The boyhood of Dr. H. C. Chisolm was 
passed in DeKalb, ]\Iiss. His primary educa- 
tion was carried on by private tutors and in 
common schools; he subsequently entered 
Yanderbilt University, Xashville, Tenn., but 
Avas compelled to leave that institution on ac- 
count of the death of his father. From ]\Iarch, 
1878, to September 8 of the same year, he 
held a position in the office of the Surgeon 
General, "Washington, D. C. Resigning this 
l^lace, he became a student at the Williams- 
port, Pa., Commercial College, and was grad- 
uated in 1879. From that date until January, 
1883, he was in Harrisburg, a clerk in the of- 
fice of Governor Hoyt throughout the Gover- 
nor's administration. In 1883 he went West, 
spending a few months in Idaho ; in the same 
year, and during part of the year 1884, was 
a student at Columbia College, Washington, 
D. C. In 1885 he returned to Hahnemann 
Medical College, Philadelphia, Pa., in order 
to finish a coui'se in medicine which he had 
begun earlier. His first year of practice, 
1888-89, was spent in Harrisburg, Pa.; in 
1889 Dr. Chisolm removed to Huntingdon, 
where he now ranks among the well estab- 
lished practitioners. 

Dr. Chisolm is a member of the Homoeo- 
pathic State Medical Society, and of the 
Alumni Association of TTalniemann ^rpdical 
College. He is a :\ra>.m an.l Kniglir Tcmi.lar. 
and is afliliated with a iinuilu-r nf dthcr or- 

llciny (lay ( hisolm was married in Har- 
risburg, April i'>, 1883, to Lillian, daughter 
of John and Ivatherine Gi'oss. They have 
four children: Cornelia, born February 13, 
ISSG, died February 8, 1S87; Anna, born in 
Harrisburg, December 31, 1887; Emilie, in 
Huntingdon, February 28, 1892; and Wil- 
liam Wallace, May 8, 1894. Dr. Chisolm has 
always taken the liveliest interest in matters 
political. He is a Republican of the strictest 
sect. In 1896 he was nominated by his jwrty 
for State Senator in the Thirty-third (Hunt- 
ingdon-Franklin) District, and elected by a 
nuijoritylarger than that ever before given a 
candidate in that district. He is a" member of 
a naimber of important Senate committees, 
and has taken an active part in legislative 
matters since he entered the Senate. 

SA3IUEL E. FLEMIXG, Huntingdon, 
Pa., was born in Huntingdon county, January 
31, 184:5, son of James and Harriet (Silk- 
nilter) Fleming, both natives of the same 
county. His paternal ancestors were Irish, 
while those of his mother wei'e German. 
James Fleming was a lifelong resident of 
Huntingdon coTinty; he was for many year.i 
a shoemaker, and was afterwards in the hotel 
business successively at !Manor Hill, Mc- 
Alevy's Fort, Saulsburg and in Huntingdon 
borough, where he resided from April 1, 1866, 
until his death, in April, 1874. His children 
are: Mary, deceased; an infant, who died 
unnamed; Samuel E.; Dr. J. C, practicing 
in Burlington, Iowa ; Louisa, of Huntingdon, 
and James, of Huntingdon. 

Samuel E. Fleming has resided in Ilmit- 
ingdon for thirty-one years. He was educated 
at Tuscarora Academy, and for some years 
taught in the common schools, ending with a 
nine months' term in Huntingdon. He began 
reading law with Hon. R. M. Speer in 1866, 
and was admitted to the bar August 10, 1868. 
He soon after became a member of the law 
firm of Speer, ]\Ic^Iurtrie & Fleming, from 
which he retired in 187-J: to become the po- 
litical editor of The Moniior. In March, 
1887, he received from President Cleveland 
his commission as postmaster of Huntingdon, 
and tilled the office at that time for four years. 
I lis candidacy for rc-appointment was en- 
dorsed not only by Democratic organizations 
and leadi'rs. bur by at least three-fourths of 
tlie Imsiness men of Huntingdon, irrespective 


of party. Mr. Fleming is a sterling Demo- 
crat, liaA'ing taken an active part in politics 
for o\'er twenty years. His aiipointment to a 
second term in the i)ost-oiiice gave universal 
satisfaction. He is still on the editorial staff 
of The Monitor, in which he owns an interest. 
Mr. Fleming is atiiliated with Juniata 
Lodge, iS[o. 117, I. O. O. F. He is a memlier 
of the Presl)vterian church. 

both now deceased. ]\Ir. Lindsay and his wife 
are consistent niendiers ui the i'resliyteriaii 

HUGH LTXnSAV. editor of the Local 
News, Huntingdon, Pa., was born in Phila- 
delphia, May 2(;, IS-t."). He is of Scotch-Irish 
ancestry, and is the only siir\-i\iiig child of the 
late Hugh and Margnnt i Smiley ) Lindsay. 

Mr. Lindsay recei^-ed hi-; eli'iiientary edu- 
cation in the Philadelphia common schools; 
it was supplemented by a six years' course at 
Girard College, from which he was graduated 
in September, 1860. On jSTovember 4, 1860, 
he came to Huntingdon, where he learned 
printing in the Glohe office, with William 
Lewis. Mr. Lindsay was afterwards asso- 
ciated with ilr. Lewis in the editorship of the 
Globe. The connection continued until the 
paper was sold in 1873. In March, 1874, Mr. 
Lindsay began the publication of the Loral 
News, as a weekly paper; six months later 
he changed it to a semi-weekly, which it has 
continued to be; but the paper is now twice 
as large as it was twenty years ago. On 
March 12, 1886, Mr. Lindsay began'publish- 
ing the daily Local News, the first regular 
daily ever issued in Huntingdon. It is a five- 
column folio, devoted to the best interests of 
the town and county; independent in its 
views, honest and straightforward in express- 
ing them, but "setting down naught in mal- 
ice," and dealing fairly with all. ilr. Lind- 
say is independent in polities, and such is the 
tone of his paper. He is a live, progressive 
man, and not only editorially, biTt personally, 
actively supports all measures tending to ad- 
vance borough and county interests. Mr. 
Lindsay is a Past Xoble Grand of Juniata 
Lodge," Xo. 117, I. O. O. F.; Past Archon 
of Standing Stone Conclave, 'No. 134, I. O. 
of Heptasophs, and Past Commander of 
George Simp-.n P,wt, Xo. 44, G. A. R. He 
is one of the iii:iii;i<:crs of the Orphans' Hnuic. 

Hugh Liiid-;i\ was married in HuntiiigdMn. 
September 6, l>7n. tu Clara K.. daitaiitcr .if 
William and Kli/.a llildcbrand. 'Hn.v have 
no children. ,Mr. and Mrs. Hildebrand are 

HOAVAIM) F. JJUTZ, Huntingdon. Pa., 
was born near Allento^vn, Pa., Novem- 
ber 30, 1851). After finishing the course 
of studies pursued in the public schools, 
he became a student at the Central Penn- 
syh^ania College, where he spent ujjwards 
of three years in completing his classical 
education. He entered the law office of Jones 
& Schmehl, Reading, Pa., in ISSO, completed 
his legal studies with Petrikin tt McXeil, of 
LIuntingdon, and was admitted to the bar 
April 12, 1882. In the summer of the same 
year Mr. Butz became the editor of the Hunt- 
ingdon Globe; he afterwards purchased the 
paper, and is now its editor and proprietor. 
He has been an active Republican since at- 
taining his majority. He has been a delegate 
to State and county conventions; has fre- 
quently served friends as congressional, sen- 
atorial and judicial conferee, and has been 
since 1893 chairman of the Repiibliean county 

Pa., was born October lit, 1842, in Franklin 
township, Himtingdon coimty. Pa., a mile 
north of the village of Spruce Creek. He is 
a grandson of William Lytle, an Irishman, 
who came to America before the Revolution 
and served as a soldier in Xew York regiments 
during the whole of that war; and a great- 
grandson, on his mother's side, of Adam 
Stonebraker, who also was a Rev(.>luti(.iiiary 
soldier, enlLsted at Hagerstown, Md., in Cap- 
tain Heyser's company of the German regi- 
ment. His father, Xathaniel Lytle, a saddler 
by occupation, and, when a young man, a char- 
coal maker at iron works in Franklin town- 
shij), removed with the family in April, 1843, 
to Spruce Creek, Pa., where he followed his 
trade, and almost continuously for more than 
forty years filled the offices of school director, 
justice of the peace and postmaster. 

'i'he son, Milton, began attending ]iul)lic 
srhools when five years old, and went every 
ti rm in the distinct in which he lived, with but 
nnr interruption, until over sixteen. In 
Ain-il, 1856, he obtained rinplnynicnr in the 
store of Irvin, (ircm A- \\'at~nii. ai .Mill Creek 
furnace, where he mnaiiu'd uiiiil Xuvember, 



1857, but while there attended school dur- 
ing the winter term. In March, 1859, he en- 
tered the Farmers' High School, now the 
Pennsylvania State College, as a student, and 
graduated in December, 1861. The degree 
of Master of Science has since been conferred 
u]3on hira by the institution. Immediately 
after the news of the fii-ing upon Tort Sumter 
was received, a comi^any, of which he was 
elected first lieiitenant, was organized by the 
students. He resigned his ofiice in the com- 
pany to permit a member of the faculty to be 
chosen in his place, but the professor refused 
to accept, and Lytle was re-elected. This 
company spent niTicli time in drilling during 
the remaining part of the session of that year, 
so that its members might be prepared to take 
part in the war. Many of them afterward en- 
tered the service and were much benefited as 
soldiers by their experience in the company. 

Soon after gi-aduating, Lytle enlisted in the 
Anderson Troop, a company organized as a 
bodyguard to General Anderson, then com- 
manding in Kentucky, but, on presenting him- 
self to be mustered in, was refused, because 
he was a minor and had not the necessary 
parental consent. In August, 1862, he again 
enlisted, in Company C, One Hundred and 
Twenty-fifth Pennsylvania Volunteers. On 
reaching Harrisburg with the company his 
muster in was again delayed for want of the 
necessary consent, but this was afterwards ob- 
tained. He served in the ranks until after the 
battle of Antietam, in which the regiment 
was hotly engaged and met with heavy losses. 
In Xovember. 1862, he was ordered to the 
headquarters of Gen. Thomas L. Kane, com- 
manding the brigade, for duty, and in Feb- 
ruary, 1863, was ordered to the headquarters 
of Gen. H. W. Slocum, commanding the 
Twelfth Army Corps. He was with the latter 
officer on the fields of Chancellorsville and 
Gettysburg. At the expiration of his term 
of service it was his intention to re-enlist, but 
he was dissuaded from doing so by Colonel 
Plopkins, of General ,Slocum's staff, who re- 
quested him to remain at headq^iarters. Af- 
ter the battle of Chickamauga, Lytle went 
with the corps to Tennessee, to which part of 
the theatre of war the Eleventh and Twelfth 
Corps were transferred. The next spring, on 
the consolidation of these corps, he was as- 
signed to the Fourth Corps, with which he 
served in the Atlanta campaign and at the bat- 

tles of Franklin and Xashville. The latter 
engagement ending the war in the west, he 
went to Chattanooga as chief clerk in the de- 
partment of military railroads, which had 
charge of the supplies for roads centering at 
that place ami [)aid the employees, disbvu-sing 
liundrtMl- uf ihuii^ands of dollars of govern- 
ment fiimU every month. 

Mr. Lytle had begim the study of law be- 
fore his enlistment, reading during the first 
six months of 1862. He resumed it on com- 
ing home after the war, and in August, 1866, 
was admitted to the bar at Huntingdon, Pa., 
where he has since resided and practised. In 
1869 he was elected district attorney of Hunt- 
ingdon coimty and filled the ofiice dm'ing the 
term of three years. Immediately after as- 
simiing its duties, there was a number of very 
important homicide trials, among them that 
of Bohner and Bodenburg, the murderers of 
the Peightal family, who were convicted and 

On ISTovember 27, 1867, he was married to 
Elizabeth J. Steel, of Llimtingdon, Pa., 
daughter of George A. and Elizabeth Steel, 
and has had eleven children, as follows: Mar- 
ion Steel, deceased; Florence Ashton, John 
Warren, Fannie Blair, Ella Lucille, Mary, 
Alma, Martha, deceased; "Walter Channing, 
George ISTathaniel, Sallie and Bessie. 

He has been active as a member of the Re- 
publican party, serving at various times as 
delegate to State conventions, chairman of the 
county committee, secretary of the State 
committee and speaker in political campaigns, 
and has, for a score of years or more, Avritten 
the platforms for the Eepublican conventions 
of Huntingdon county, embodying in them 
his own views on the political questions of the 

The oration at the memorial services held at 
Huntingdon on the day of the funeral of Gen- 
eral Grant was delivered by Mr. Lytle. and 
he has been a frequent speaker at regimental 
reunions. Grand Army of the Eepublic cele- 
brations and on Memorial Days. He was 
elected president of the Juniata Valley Vet- 
eran Association at Lewistown in 1895. 

He has been a contributor to newspapers 
since 1860. While in the army he was a cor- 
respondent for the Philadelphia Press. From 
1878 to 1896 he was the editorial ^^Titcr for 
the Huntingdon Journal, and for the last two 
or three years of that period had practically 

IirxriXGDOX. mifflix. juxiata axd peuuy couxties. 

sole charge and control of the paper, on ac- 
connt of the illness of its proprietor. In ISTG 
he wi-ote and published a history of Hmitiug- 
don county, and has since collected a large 
amount of matt rial relating to the subject, 
mth a view to preparing a revised edition. 

Mr. Lytle has always taken great interest 
in the welfare of the lower and more helpless 
classes, laboring for their elevaiiou and im- 
provement. He was the originator of the 
movement for government aid to education 
in the South, advocating it in the public press 
and bringing it before Rei^ublican conven- 
tions, State and uarional, and had the grati- 
fication of bi.'eiiiu it endorsed by both. In 
1S83 he was apjininttd \>y Governor Pattison 
as the representative of Pennsylvania in the 
convention at Louisville, Ky., to advance this 
measure. He believes that the vast industrial 
changes that have characterized the nine- 
teenth century and that are still going on with 
accelerated rapidity, are destined to bring- 
about corresponding social and iiolitical 
changes, to the amelioration of our civiliza- 
tion, the eradication of its vices, the mitigation 
of poverty and want and the ultimate removal 
of temptations to crime; that the whole race 
will share in the beneficent results the forces 
of nature confer, and that the products of 
those forces will finally be recognized as be- 
longing to all humanity. 

JOHX A. XASH, former editor and pub- 
lisher of the Huntingdon Journal, was born 
in Huntingdon ^SJovember 15, 1827. He 
learned tlie jDrinting business in that place and 
foimded the Huntingdon American in 1855, 
which he continued to publish until 1859. 
The American and the Journal were then 
consolidated under the name of the Journal 
and American and Mr. Xash and Samuel G. 
Whittakcr formed a partnership, which con- 
tinued until December 13, 1SG5. when Mr. 
Whittaker sold his interest to Robert ^le- 
Divitt. The latter remained in the firm until 
May 1, 1867, when Mr. !Xash became the sole 
proprietor and continued as such until Jan- 
uary 1, 1871. lie formed on that date a part- 
nership with Joseph R. Durborrow, of Bed- 
ford, who remained until May 2-1, 1S7S. Mr. 
Nash was sole proprietor of the Journal from 
that time until July 31, 1S9C, when he sold 
the office to Dr. Z. B. Taylor, and retired frona 
business because of declining health. 

Mr. jSTash began his career as a poor boy, 
the devil of a country printing oflice. By his 
extreme love and aptitude for the profession, 
he gradually rose to higher positions in the 
office, and at the age of twenty-eight years 
founded the Huntingdon American as its 
editor. He would sometimes, when resting 
from his editorial labors, take his place at the 
case and distance Ins employees in type set- 

Mr. Xash was elected treasurer of Hunt- 
ingdon county in IS GO, and was postmaster 
of the borough from 1890 to 1894. He was 
a member of the town council, but public of- 
fice was not his aim. He allowed no position 
to interfere with his editorial work; his un- 
failing ambition was to make his paper and 
his printing office rank among the best. His 
wish as expressed to his friends was to die in 
the harness, and the retirement forced upon 
him by ill-health was a most severe trial. 

Mr. Xash was a thorough Eepublican and 
assiduously advocated the principles of the 
part}'. In his editorial capacity during forty- 
one years of exciting political campaigns, he 
commanded the respect of his opponents and 
the esteem of his friends. He was of a kindly 
disposition, and it was foreign to his nature 
to woimd the feelings of any person. 

John A. Xash died December 1, 1896, 
leaving a wife and the follo-\^-ing children: 
Mrs. John McCahan, of Smithfield to\\'nship; 
ilrs. John L. Eohland, :i[rs. Charles DeAValt 
and Mrs. Thomas R. Walton, all of Hunting- 
don. Pa. 

FRAXK AV. STEWART, editor of the 
Huntingdon Journal, Huntingdon, Pa., was 
born in Himtingdon, March 29, 1817, son of 
the late J. Sewell and Lucy P. (Royer) Stew- 
art. The ancestors of the Stewart family 
were Irish; the Royer progenitors were Ger- 
man. J. Sewell Stewart was born at Masseys- 
burg, Huntingdon county, in 1820. He was 
a graduate of the class of 1811, at Allegheny 
College, Meadville, Pa., afterwards a student 
at law under James Steel, Esq., and clerk in 
the prothonotary's office, held by Mr. Steel. 
Air. Steel was admitted to the bar April 17, 
1813. and was thereafter in active practice. 
He was appointed deputy attorney general 
for Huntingdon county in 1848, elected to the 
same office, under its changed title of district 
attorney, in 1850 and 1853, and continued in 


the same until Xovember, 1856. For a year 
he was editor and proimetor of the Journal, 
but sold the establishment in 1852, to give his 
exehisive attention to legal business. In 1865 
he was appointed assessor of internal revenue 
in tlie Seventeenth District, and held that of- 
tice durine' tlie reniainiler of his life. From 
lMi6 to 1MJ7 he was associated in his practice 
witli xVdin W. Benedict; in 1867 P. M. Lytic 
became a member of the firm, then styled 
Benedict, Stewart & Lytle; but in the same 
year the connection was dissolved by the death 
of JMr. Benedict, llr. Stewart's death oc- 
cuiTed at his residence in Huntingdon, Feb- 
ruary 6, 1871. His reputation as a lawyer 
was enviably high, as regards both legal 
acumen and honorable character; he was also 
painstaking and faithful in the discharge of 
his various duties. He possessed fine literary 
taste and ability as a writer, in verse as well 
as in prose. 

After iTi-civint; his education in the com- 
mon .-rli,„,l- ,,t iiuntingdou, Frank W. Stew- 
art Iicpin linsiiK'ss life as a clerk in a store. 
Later he became engaged in the hardware 
business, to which he devoted his attention 
for thirteen years. Dm-ing that time he was 
appointed deputy collector of internal reve- 
nues, receiving the appointment in 1871, and 
holding it for a period of fourteen years. In 
1885 he engaged in the liunber business, in 
which he still has an interest. In October, 
IS'.m;, he became manager and editor of the 
Htnitingdon Journal, which he still continues 
to conduct with spirit and ability. He has 
served one term as member of the borough 
council. Mr. Stewart is a Eepublican. He 
is a memljer of ]\[ount iJoriah Lod<i-e, Xo. 
300. F. ct A. M., and of HnntinodnirLodoe, 
Xo. 259, A. 0. r. A. M. 

Frank W. Stewart was married at Tipton, 
Blair county, Pa., September 30, 187-lr, to 
Kate B., dauaiiter of 'William P. and Eliza- 
beth B. (Bell) Dysart. They have two chil- 
dren: Xellie D., and J. Sewell, liotli residing 
at liome. The familv attend the Baptist 

at Pennsylvania State College, Bellwood 
Academy, and Washington and Jefferson Col- 
lege, taking the diploma of the last named in- 
stitution in 1869. After i-eading medicine with 
his father, and graduating with high honors 
from the Jefferson ^Medical College of Phila- 
delphia, he practiced medicine for four years 
at Petersburg. Turning his attention to the 
study of law, he read at Hollidaysburg with 
Hon. Samuel S. Blair, and was fii'st admitted 
to the bar of Blair county. He did not, how- 
ever, remain there, but settled in his native 
county, where he was three times elected dis- 
trict attorney, in 1878, 1881 and 1SS4, his 
majority increasing at each re-election. He 
prosecuted the pleas of the county with vigor 
and ability; he was considered one of the 
most skillful lawyers who had filled the office. 

At the creation of the Superior Court of 
Pennsylvania, Mr. Orlady was appointed to 
its bench by Gov. Hastings, recei^dug after- 
wards the vmanimous nomination of the Ee- 
publican State convention, and being elected 
by a fidl majority, Xovember 5, 1895. 

He has taken a leading jjart in the affairs 
of the Eepublican party, both in the state and 
the county, ha'^dng been active in campaigns 
and done efficient service to his party by his 
oratorical powers. He has several times been 
delegated to county conventions, and three 
times to state cou^•entions. In the conven- 
tion of 1890, he presented the name of Gen. 
Hastings as candidate for governor, and in 
that of 1894, nominated Hon. Galusha A. 
Grow for congressman-at-large. 

Judge Orlady is married to Miss Marylrvin 
Thompson, of Curwensville, Pa. They have 
three children. Their home is situated on 
Oneida Heights, Huntingdon. The Judge 
belongs to the Masonic fraternity. He is a 
member of tlie ]\rethodist churcli. 

Huntingdon, Pa., son of Henry Orlady, ^l. 
D., was born at Pctcrsl)nrg, Huntingdon 
cdinitv. Feln-narv 22. Is.M). llis ancestrv was 
Jrish. Welsh and I )utrl,. II,. received his 
education in the Ilnntinudi.ii jinlilic schools, 

HOX. JOHX M. BAILEY, president 
judge of the Twentieth Judicial District of 
Pennsylvania, was born at Dillsburg, York 
county. Pa., Jiily 11, 1839. His parents were 
Col. Samtiel X. and ilargaret (Mumper) 
Bailey. Col. Bailey was of English and Irish 
extraction; his wife's ancestry was German. 
He was by profession a surveyor; during his 
early manhood he was for several years in the 
Auditor General's oflice, Harrisburg, Pa., un- 
der Atiditors General Banks and Frve. He 
served in defense of the Union durinc the 



Kebelliou, as lieutenant colonel, Twelfth 
Pennsylvania Reserves. Col. and Mrs. Bailey 
bad three sons, of whom the Judge was the 
sci-oiid, and is the only survivor. The eldest, 
A\'illiaiii !>., born January 3, 1837, was a 
physie-ian, in practice at Dillsburg, York 
county; he served as a surgeon in the army 
during the Eebellion, and died February 17, 
1892, at Dillsburg, where his widow and his 
daughter Martha still reside. Mrf^. "William 
D. Bailey was the daughter of Col. Henry 
Logan, once 31. ('. from York countv, ti) 
whom Gen. William \'>. Franklin 'owed 
his appointment to West Point Military 
Academy. Col. Bailey's third son was i). B. 
Bigler, born August 20, 1850; he was an at- 
torney-at-law of York, Pa. ; he died in March, 
1881; his widow has since remarried, her sec- 
ond husband being Dr. Harry Tomlinson, in 
charge of St. Peter's Hospital, near St. Paul, 
Minn. Col. Bailey died February 15, 1872, 
and Mrs. Bailey January 16, 1894. 

John j\[. Bailey passed from the comiiuin 
schools of Dillsburg, where his elementary 
education had been received, to Tuscarura 
Academy, Juniata county, Pa., then under 
the care of the late Dr. John H. Shumaker. 
Like many enterprising young men, he de- 
frayed at least part of the exijenscs of his edu- 
cation by teaching, having charge of schools 
during four winter terms in W^alker, Porter 
and Franklin townships, Huntingdon county. 
His summer vacations he em2iloyed in reading 
law. In 1859 he became a student in the law 
office of Scott et Brown, Huntingdon, Pa.; 
was admitted to tlie Huntingdon county bar 
in 1862 ; became shortly after a partner in the 
firm with which he had studied, and within 
three years was admitte<l to practice before 
the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania. In 1869 
Hon. John Scott, now general counsel for the 
Pennsylvania Railroad Company, was elected 
to the United States Senate; the firm of Scott, 
Brown & Bailey then became Brown & 
Bailey; on the admission of Charles G. 
Brown, in 1832, the firm name was again 
changed, and became Ih'own, Bailey it 

Judge P.ailcy represented his district in the 
Constitutional Convention of Pennsylvania, 
1872-73; he took an active and influential 
part in the business of that body, serving on 
several important committees. He also served 
the borougli of Huntingdon for one term as 

councilman, and the county as president of 
the Bar Association. With the exception of 
these public services, no business engage- 
ments, political or otherAvise, have interrupted 
Judge Bailey's i^ractiee of his profession, 
which has extended over a period of more 
than thirty years, and been characterized by 
marked ability and conscientious regard for 
the interests of his clients. 'Jliese traits, com- 
bined Avitli his long experience, his legal 
acumen and sound common sense, ha^'e won 
for him the confidence of the community best 
qualified to form an opinion — the one in 
which he has lived and worked — and led to 
his election to his present distinguished posi- 
tion. He was elected president judge of the 
Huntingdon-Mifflin District on the Demo- 
cratic ticket, Xovember 5, 1895; his term 
of office began in January, 1896. 

Judge Bailey is an active member of 
Mount^Moriah Lodge, No. 300, F. and A. M., 
and Past Fligh Pri'est of the chapter of that 
fraternity in Huntingdon. 

John M. Bailey was married May 25. 1869, 
to Letitia, daughter of Thomas and Rachel 
Jackson Fisher. Of their three children, two 
died in childhood; the only one living is 
Thomas F., attorney-at-law in Huntingdon. 
The family belong to the Presbyterian church, 
of which the Judge has been a member since 
ISG-t. He takes a warm interest in the wel- 
fare and enterprises of the church. 

Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Fisher, Mrs. Bailey's 
parents, were natives and life-long residents 
of Huntingdon county; ]Mr. Fisher was for 
more than fifty years in mercantile business. 
He served as county treasurer, and as burgess 
of the borough of Huntingdon. Three daugh- 
ters of Mr. and !Mrs. Fisher are living: !Mary 
(Mrs. R. A. Miller), of Fluntingdon; :Mrs. 
Bailey, and Kate, wife of J. C. Blair, manu- 
facturer, Huntingdon. Of their sons, Thomas 
died in 1884; Horatio G., State Senator and 
M. C. for this district, died May 8, 1890. 
Both were partners in their father's business. 
H. G. was extensively engaged in the busi- 
ness of the Berwind Wliite^Coal ]\rining Com- 
iianv, in Clearfield and Jefferson countii's. 

LIAilSOX, president judge of the Twentieth 
Judicial District of Pennsvlvania. llnnrini;- 
don, Pa., was b,.rn at A.'adeuiia. .luniata 
county. Pa., June 29, ls4(i. lie is the son 



of Uev. ilclvnight :nul Jane (Woods) AVil- 
liaiiijwi. The Willianisou family are of 
Scotch and the Woods family of Scotch-Irish 
descent. Both of Judge Williamson's par- 
ents were natives of Ctimberland county. 
His father devoted his whole life to the Chris- 
tian ministry. He is remembered as having 
founded the Tiiscarora Academy, over sixty 
years ago. Four of his brothers were also 
Presbyterian ministers; and Mrs. William- 
son was a sister of Eev. James S. Woods, D. 
D., the late lamented pastor of the Presby- 
terian church at Lewisto-mi, Pa. They had 
fi^'e children, three of whom are now living. 
Judge Williamson and two sisters; Frances, 
wife of W. H. Woods, Esq., of Huntingdon, 
and ]\rary J., wife of S. A. Walker, of Hills- 
boro, Ohio. Their mother died at Xew Ath- 
ens. Ohio, in 18-1:9. By a subsequent mar- 
riage, Eev. Mr. Williamson had two children, 
one of whom is deceased; the other is Martha 
B., wife of HoAvard Work, of Altoona, Pa. 
The father died in Huntingdon, March 27, 
1893, aged over ninety-three years. 

Until he was six years old, William ^I. Wil- 
liamson lived in Jimiata county; at that time 
his parents removed to Ohio, and resided suc- 
cessively in Belmont, Muskingum and Ath- 
ens counties. His primary education was ac- 
cordingly carried on in tlie common schools 
of Ohio; he also attended for some time the 
college at Xew Athens, O. At about sixteen 
years of age he became a pupil at Milnwood 
Academy, Shade Gap, Pa. He took an ex- 
tended course of studies, excelling in the class- 
ics, and still more in mathematics. He after- 
wards taught for some time; was for three 
years principal of ifilnwood Academy, at the 
same time finding leisure for the study of the 
law. On January 17, 1865, he was admitted 
to the bar. His first practice was as the part- 
ner of his brother-in-law, W. H. Woods, Esq., 
under the firm name of Woods & Williamson. 
Their practice was extensive and their profes- 
sional reputation high. 

Mr. Williamson received from Gov. Hart- 
ranft, Xovcmber 2-1, 1877, the appointment 
of prothonotary of Huntingdon cotmty; was 
elected to the office at the election following, 
and again in 1881. He was efficient and dili- 
gent in the performance of his duties. He 
originated the cttstom, perjietuated by his suc- 
cessors, of refusing fees for the execution of 
the papers of soldiers. .\t the close of his 

term as prothonotary, he resumed the ijractice 
of law, without a partner, in which he was 
again interrupted by his election to the State 
Senate as representative of the Thirty-third 
District, in 1888. As a Senator, he M-as 
always alive to all that concerned the interests 
of his constituents, and diligent in promoting 
them. He, with his cousin, Hon. Joseph M. 
Woods, of Lewistown, drafted the bridge bill, 
which, although ^-etoed after its passage in the 
legislatxtre at that time, was recently taken 
up, somewhat modified, passed both houses, 
and received the approval of Gov. Hastings. 
To him the Judicial Apportionment Bill also 
is due, not only as its originator, but because 
it owed its passage in great measure to his per- 
severing efforts. Those best acquainted with 
Judge Williamson both in public and private 
life, speak most unequivocally of his intel- 
lectual ability and equipment, his integrity, 
consistency, and genuine kindness of disposi- 
tion. It need scarcely be mentioned that the 
Judge adheres to the Reimblican party. 

The marriage of Judge Williamson to Ea- 
chel, daughter of George and Eachel Sipes, 
took place at Shade Gap, October 7, 1862. 
They had six children: George McKnight, 
lieutenant in the Eighth United States 
Cavalrv; William W., mining stock broker, of 
■anccs (Mrs. J. H. 


■>. (' 


Lauglilim.-r rinlihlrlpliia: Richard W., part- 
ner ill 111- fntlicT"- hivr lawiiiess; Mary L., died 
aged thirteen; and John S., died in infancy. 
The family attend the Presbyterian church; 
Judge Williamson has been a member of the 
congregation at Huntingdon since 1870. 

HOX. P. M. LYTLE was born in the vil- 
lage of Spruce Creek, Franklin township, 
Huntingdon county. Pa.. February (3, 1840. 
His grandfather, William Lytle, was a soldier 
of the Eevolution, having served as sergeant 
and as ensign for seven years. His father, 
Xathaniel Lytle. was an influential citizen, 
who for about thirty-five years rendered good 
service to the community in which he lived, 
as ijostmaster. justice of the peace, and school 

P. M. Lytle was educated in the common 
schools of his own and adjoining townships, 
with a higher and more extended course at 
Tuscarora Academy, Academia, Pa., under 
the callable and conscientious instructions of 
the Into Hr. John H. Shuniakor, then princi- 


pal. Mr. Lytle began teaching when about 
seventeen, doing double work by reading law 
at the same time. When he was about twenty 
he entered the law office of Messrs. Wilson (to 
Petrildn, as a student. He was admitted to 
practice at the bar of Huntingdon county, 
August 11, 1S62. He has been in almost un- 
interrupted practice since that time, and is 
well known as an eloquent and skillful lawyer. 
He performed militia duty during the war 
of the Rebellion, in 1862; during the later 
years of the war, he held an important place 
in the Department of ililitary Kailroads, at 
Chattanooga, Teun. 

AYithout jjrominenee as a politician, or ex- 
perience as an office seeker or bearer, he was 
elected to the legislature in l^^>i, as the rep- 
resentative of Huntingdon county. He at 
once became influential as a debater and lead- 
er, and won a widely extended reputation; 
was renominated and re-elected in ISyO, '92 
and '9i, by exceptionally large majorities. He 
has shown himself not only able, liut trust- 
worthy, and enjoys the well-earue(-l respect 
and confidence of his constituents. 

pointed ambassador to Erance by President 
McKinley, March 16, 1897, was born iu 
Huntingdon, Pa., April 15,1837. His father, 
David R. Porter, was then State Senatoi', and 
afterwards served t^\•o terms as governor of 
Pennsylvania, being elected first in 1839. 
Horace Porter was educated fii-st at the Har- 
risburg Academy, afterwards at Harvard Uni- 
versitv, entering the scientific department m 
185-1, with a view to a military career. In 
July, 1855, he became a cadet at West Point, 
and graduated July 1, 1860. His first active 
military service Avas performed as first lieu- 
tenant in the expedition against Port Royal, 
imder General Sherman, iu October, 1861. 
During the ensuing winter, he was chief of 
ordnance, in charge of the erection of batter- 
ies for the reduction of Fort Pulaski; after 
the engagement at that jioint, he was pro- 
moted to the rank of captain. He was next 
made chief of ordnance and artillery for the 
armies of the Potomac, of Ohio, and of the 
Cumberland. His first meeting with Gen. 
Grant was at the battle of Chattanooga, while 
he was on the staff of Gen. Thomas. When 
Gen. Grant was made lieutenant general, he 
appointed Porter his chief of staff, with the 

rank of lieutenant colonel. In Eebruary, 
1605, he was promoted to brigadier general of 
volunteers, and on March 13, of the same 
year, was brevctted brigadier general of the 

A\"liile Gen. Grant ^vas Secretary of AVar, 
Gen. Porter served as Assistant Secretary of 
War, and during Grant's first administration, 
acted as his private secretary. Their friendly 
intimacy was close and enditring. Gen. Por- 
ter's last service iu connection with the army 
was as luilitary secretary imder Gen. Grant, 
at the close of which he resigned his commis- 
sion, and retired from the army. The Grant 
ilonumeut at Xew York, dedicated April 27, 
1897, was erected through his personal ef- 
ioYXs iu obtaining sttbscriptions to the amount 
of $500,000, four-fifths of which he raised 
within sixty days. Since 1873, Gen. Porter 
has been vice-president of the PuUmau Palace 
Car Co. He is vice-president of the Chamber 
of Commerce, and occupies prominent posi- 
tions iu various patriotic organizations. 

AVILLIAM H. WOODS, attorney-atdaw, 
was born in Lewistown, Mifflin county, Pa., 
May 17, 1829. He is a son of Rev. James S. 
and Marion (Witherspoon) Woods. Rev. Mr. 
AVoods was born in Cunil:>erland cotmty, and 
descended from a Scotch-Irish family. Mrs. 
AVoods was a native of Princeton, X. J., her 
father liaving been the distinguished president 
of Princeton College, Rev. John AVither- 
spoon, D. D., who was one of the signers of 
the Declaration of Independence. A clock iu 
Air. AVoods' possession was brought from Scot- 
land by Dr. John AVitherspoon in 1768, and 
is still in good order. This valued heirloom 
belonged to John Knox, and is over three 
hundred years old. The first charge of Rev. 
James S. AA'oods included the congregations 
of Lewistown and McA'eytown, which he held 
jointly for several years; afterwards a call was 
handed to him for all his time by the Lewis- 
town congregation, which he accepted, and 
labored there zealottsly for forty years. His 
death occurred June 29, 1862. Rev. Air. 
AVoods was highly honored by the citizens of 
Lewistown for his many sterling qualities ; on 
the day of his funeral, as a mark of respect to 
his memory, all places of business in the town 
were closed. Mrs. AVood= died July 10. 1S-1:6. 
Their children were nine in miiubcv: tlin~c 
now living are: David AV., prai'titiMiK r ar law, 


Lewistown, MifEin county, Pa.; "William H. ; 
liev. A. M. and Annie, wife of John Coch- 
ran, Chester, Pa., are twins; Miss Margaret J., 
resides in Philadelphia. 

"William H. "Woods passed his early life in 
his native town, and was a pupil in its 
academy. At the age of seA-enteen he entered 
Jefferson College, where he spent one year. 
He then became a student at Princeton Col- 
lege, and graduated with the class of IS-tS. 
For several years after, Mr. Woods was oc- 
cupied in studying law and in teaching. His 
legal preceptor was his brother, Samuel S. 
"Woods, Esq., afterward president judge of 
the Twentieth Judicial District of Pennsylva- 
nia. During the year 1849 Mr. "Woods 
taught school in Monmouth coimty, IST. J. In 
1850, he was princi^Dal of the Lewistown 
Academy, and from 1851 to 1855, he and his 
brother, Alexander ]\I. "Woods, were in 
charge of the ^preparatory department of La- 
fayette College, Easton, Pa. Leaving Easton 
in the sisring of 1855, Mr. "Woods took 
charge of Milnwood Academy, Shade Gap, 
Huntingdon county, where he taught lantil 
1SG2. Meanwhile, his legal preparation be- 
ing completed, he was admitted to practice at 
the bar in both Mifflin and Huntingdon coun- 
ties in 1858. In 18G3, he again took charge 
of Lewistown Academy, but a year later, in 
August, 1863, removed to Hiintingdon, 
where he has ever since resided, giving his 
whole time to the practise of law. He is one 
of the oldest lawyers of Hi^ntingdon, and one 
of the most highly esteemed residents of the 
countj-. He is a staunch Republican. 

"William H. W^oods was married at Xew 
Athens, Ohio, to Frances T., daughter of Rev. 
McKnight and Jane ("Woods) "Williamson. 
They have one son, Geoi-ge M. Woods, who 
was married to Lillian, only daughter of J. F. 
Thompson, M. D., of Liverpool, Pa. They 
have one daughter, Jennie Frances Thompson 
Woods. Jfr. Woods and his family are con- 
sistent memlicr> of fhc Presbvtcvian church. 

neer, Huntingdon, Pa., was born in the bor- 
ough of Huntingdon, A]n-il 11, 180)3, and is 
a son of J. Simpson and Dorothea C. (Green- 
laud) Africa. J. Simpson Africa was born in 
the town of Huntingdon, September 15, 
1832; his wife was a dauahter of the late 
JoshTia and Elizabeth (Wright) Greenland, 

and was born in Cassville, Huntingdon coun- 
ty, September 29, lS3-±. Mrs. Africa died in 
Xovember, 1886. J. Simpson Africa, Esq., 
now resides in Philadelphia. 

During the childhood of James ^lurray 
Africa, his parents removed to Philadelphia, 
and afterwards to Atsion, Burling1:on county, 
X. J., where he attended a private school for 
a short time. In 1870 the family returned to 
Huntingdon, where James Murray pursued 
his studies in the public schools, and at Juni- 
ata College. His education was hnished at 
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, X. 
Y., where he took a thorough course in civil 
engineering, was graduated June 13, 1888, 
and at once entered upon the practice of his 
profession, making the town of Huntingdon 
his headquarters. Mr. Africa's first profes- 
sional enterprise of any magnitude was the de- 
signing and construction of the water-works 
plant at Palmyra and Riverton, X. J., where 
the water is brought from a well liaA-ing 
natural filtration. This work has given gen- 
eral satisfaction. Mr. Africa's record as an 
engineer, from its beginning, is as follows : 

In 1875 he entered an engineer's office as 
stTident; in 1881, was appointed member of 
the commission to determine the lines of 
Jackson, Miller and Barree townships, Hunt- 
ingdon county. Pa.; in 18S2-3, was in charge 
of tojiographical and boundary surveys of coal 
and ore lands of R. H. Powell ife Co., in Hunt- 
ingdon and Clearfield counties, Pa. ; also lands 
of^Huntingdon & Broad Top R. R.; in 1884 
and 1S9~, was elected city engineer of Hunt- 
ingdon, Pa., and designed and constructed the 
sewerage system of the borough of Hunting- 
don: in 1887, designed the Huntingdon water 
works; in June, 1888, graduated at Rensse- 
laer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, X. Y. ; in 
the same year, he designed the water works 
already mentioned for Palmyra and Riverton, 
X. J., and was consulting engineer for the 
Union Trust Co., of Philadelphia, Pa., fur- 
nishing funds for the Westmoreland 
county water works; October 20. 1888, 
was elected a member of the En- 
gineers' Club, of Philadelphia; in De- 
cember, 1888, became assistant engineer of 
the Chautauqua Lake R. R., Jamestown, X. 
Y., of which he was made chief engineer in 
January, 1889; in July of that year, the 
office of general manager of the Chautauqua 
Lake R. R. was added to that of chief engi- 


neer, ami lie nls.i iiccaiuc iiciicral iii:r.Kii;cr ot 
the Chautatiqiia Stciun \U<\\\ (n.; in I'-'.m). lio 
was chief engiiierr ami gcncial inaiiagt'i' nf 
the Etowah Iron Co., Cartersville, Ga., and 
constructed twelve miles of railroad; also de- 
signed and erected a mill for the concentra- 
tion of manganese ore; this office, in Febru- 
ary, 1S91, he was obliged to resign on account 
of ill health, and was until June of that vear 
at the University Hospital, in Philadelphia. 
From July to December of that year, he was 
in charge of the survey of the lands pertain- 
ing to the Eockhill Iron and Coal Co., of 
Huntingdon county; 1S92-3 were passed in 
designing and superintending the street im- 
provements of the borough of Huntingdon; 
and in 1S94, he was elected chief engineer of 
the Pennsylvania ilidland R. E., at the gen- 
eral office, at Huntingdon, Pa. During the 
past twelve years, Mr. Africa has designed 
and erected six Howe truss bridges, not in- 
cluded in the above enumeration of his en- 
gagements, and has been emi^loyed on im- 
portant surveys by Eckley B. Coxe, Drifton, 
Pa.; William" Thaw, Pittsburg, Pa.; the Le- 
high A^alley Coal Co., Pa.; the>a. E. E. Co.; 
the Pa. Canal Co., Cresson Springs Co., of 
Cresson, Pa., and the TjTone Mining and 
Mfg. Co., Tyrone, Pa. He holds at present 
the position of chief engineer Pa. ilidlaud 
E. E., and of city engineer of Huntingdon, 
Pa. On October 2, 1S9G, he was elected a 
member of the American Society of Civil En- 

At this writing, Mr. Africa is ^Master of 
Mount Moriah Lodge, Xo. 300, F. and A. :\L, 
of which he has always been an active mem- 
ber; also of Standing Stone Chapter, Xo. 301, 
E. A. ~Si., and Huntingdon Counuandery, Xo. 
65, K. T.; of Standing Stone Conclave, Xo. 
134, and of the Improved Order of Hepta- 
sophs. Mr. A-*^ri?a's political opinions are 

J. Murray Africa was married at Eeading, 
Pa., June 1, 1893, to Eleanor, daughter of 
Charles B. and Elizabeth McKnight, of that 
city, both now deceased. !Mr. and Mrs. Africa 
have two children: J. ^Murray. Jr., born JMay 
21, 1895, and Charles McKnight, born Octo- 
ber 3, ISfln. The family attend the Presby- 
terian church. 

E. ALLISOX^ MILLEE, D. D. S.. retired, 
Huntingdon, Huntingdon county. Pa., was 

li^rii ill tlic buvuiiuh which is still his home, 
S(]ii(iiilMr 17, I'-l':). He is a son of the late 
iJeiijaiiiiii and Elizabeth (Wilken) Miller. Dr. 
Miller received his education in the select 
schools of Huntingdon, and after finishing his 
course of study, was for about a year engaged 
in teaching school. He afterwards studied 
dentistry in the office of H. K. Xeff, of Hunt- 
ingdon, and completed his ] irolY-ssional 
preparation in the College nf l-ciiti^try m 
Philadelphia. Lie commenced practiiX' in 
Huntingdon about 1850, and continued the 
same ^dth success for twenty-six years. Ee- 
linquisliing dentistry in 1876, Dr. Miller be- 
came interested in real estate and insurance 
business, to which since that time he has de- 
voted his exclusive attention. He is now gen- 
eral agent of the Penn iliitual Life Insurance 
Co. of Philadelidiia, of which company he is 
also a trustee. His jiirisdiction for the com- 
pany extends over Huntingdon, Mifflin, Blair, 
Cambria, Clearfield and Indiana counties. 
Dr. Miller also owns an interest in a dimr 
milling business, established in ISi'li by 
Thomas Fisher and David McMurtrie. It 
afterwards passed into the hands of Thomas 
Fisher alone, and at his death, into those of 
his son, Hon. Horatio G. Fisher. Subseipient- 
ly, Dr. Miller purchased a half interest in the 
establishment, which was then conducteil mi- 
der the firm name of Fisher & Miller. After 
the death of Mr. Fisher, Elwood A. ^ililler. 
son of the Doctor, liecame interested in the 
business, which now belongs to the father and 

E. Allison Miller was married ]\Iay 17. 
1853, to ]\Iary Lyon, daughter of Thomas and 
Eachel (Jackson) Fisher. Their children are: 
Thomas, born June 6, 1854, married Mary E. 
Walsh, Huntingdon, resides in Xebraska; Ell- 
wood Andrew, born August 4, 1858, married 
Fannie, dai^ghter of George F. and Helen 
Gage, resides in LIuntingdon ; Eobert Allison, 
jr., born January 4, 1861, died February 26, 
1864; Elizabeth "Wilken, born Xovember 1, 
1863, died December 1, 1863; Louis J., born 
May 27, 1865, married December 20, 1893, 
to Frances Blandy, resides in Huntingdon, en- 
gaged in the insurance business with his 
fatJior; Charles Herliert, born August 31, 
T^(i7, hardware merchant of Iluntinadon; 
Mary, born July 13, 1«71, and EaeberJaek- 
s(.ii. born Julv S. ls74. .V native and life- 
loiio- ,v-i.lrnt i,f Huntinadon, Dr. ^lillor is, it 



is safe to say, one of the best known citizens 
of the borough; he is also one of the most 
highly respected and esteemed, he and his 
family enjoying the regards of a large circle 
of friends. 

THO:\IAS W. MYTOX, attorney-at-law, 
Huntingdon, Pa., was born in West township, 
Huntingdon county, Febniary 13, 1842. He 
is a sou of Samuel and Eleanor (Montgomery) 
Myton, and is of English, Scotch-Irish and 
Quaker extraction. The j\Iytou family came 
from Sherman's Yalley to Huntingdon coun- 
ty at the time of its early settlement, Thomas 
"\Y. Myton's grandfather having become a 
resident of what is now West to-sniship in 
1792. Samuel and Eleanor Myton were the 
parents of ten children : John, born Februaiy 
14, 1828; spent most of his life in farming in 
West to^vnshi2D, Huntingdon county, and died 
lea-\dng a widow and five children; .ilartha 
and Alexander, twins, born October 29, 1830, 
Alexander is a farmer of Miller township, 
Huntingdon county, and Martha, widow of 
Xoble Gregory, resides in ISTebraska; Isaac, 
born May 9, 1832, was a teacher and sales- 
man, and died December 18, 1882; Mary 
Ann, born May 13, 1834, is the wife of David 
Eorcey, of Philipsburg, Centre county; Jane 
Eliza, born Eebruary 5, 1836, is the wife of 
Henry Lightner, of Y'^est township; David 
B., born Januarv 21, 1839. died iu childhood; 
Thomas W.; Samuel H., bom July IS, 1844, 
is a hardware merchant of Winfield, Kas. ; 
Caroline V., born May 28, 1849, wife of John 
Lane, of Xewton Hamilton, Mifflin countv. 

Thomas Y". ^lyton passed his earliest years 
at the homestead iu West township. He was 
educated in the public schools of the county, 
and at ^Mooresville Academy, residing at home 
until he reached his eighteenth year. At 
about this time he began teaching, and had 
charge of schools in both Huntingdon and 
Centre counties. In the summer of 1862, he 
determined to render his cotmtry a more ac- 
tive and perilous, if not more useful, service. 
On August S, he enlisted in Company H, 
One Hundred and Forty-eighth Penn- 
sylvania Yohmteers. At the battle of Chan- 
ccUorsville, ifay 3. 1863, his left arm was 
shot through and afterwards amputated, and 
he was wounded in the right shoulder and in 
the face. In consequence of the loss of his 

arm, Mr. Mytou received his discharge from 
the army, July 21, 1863, and returned home. 
There he once more engaged in teaehiug until 
18C5, when he was elected county treasm-er. 
In 1S66, Mr. Myton began reading law in the 
office of the late Hon. J. Sewell Stewart, and 
was admitted to practice in Huntingdon coun- 
ty at the Augttst term, 1868. He theu spent 
two years in the Y^est, and began legal prac- 
tice in 1870. In 1872, he was elected pro- 
thonotary and clerk of the criminal courts, 
and fulfilled the duties of his office efficiently 
for three years, afterwards returning to the 
practice of his profession. During the session 
of 1883, Mr. Myton represented his district in 
the Pennsylvania Legislature. He has ever 
since been actively occupied with the business 
of his profession in Htmtingdon, except dur- 
ing three years, 1887-1890, which he spent in 
Kansas, engaged m variotis duties. Mr. My- 
ton is ser-^-ing his second term as a school di- 
rector, and is now president of the board. He 
holds pronounced Kepublican Aiews in poli- 
tics. He is a member of George Simpson 
Post, Xo. 44, G. A. E. 

Thomas Y". Myton was married in Oneida 
toAvnship, Hiintingdon coitnty, December 27, 
1870, to Ella E., daughter of John C. and 
Eleanor Davis. She was born in Hmitingdon 
county, and is of Scotch-Irish ancestry. Of 
their eight children, five died iu infancy. 
The survivors are: Y'alter P., an architect, 
and a graduate of Cornell L'niversity; John 
B. and Eleanor. ]\Ir. ilyton and his family 
attend the Methodist Episcopal church. 

SAMUEL I. SPYKER, attorney-at-law, 
Huntingdon, Pa., was born in Alexandria, 
Huntingdon county, October 10, 1867. He 
is a son of Alfred Y''. and Caroline (Piper) 
Spyker, both natives and life-long residents 
of Alexandria. He passed the first eighteen 
years of his life in his native town, and was 
educated in its common schools. In April, 
1886, he went to Philadelphia, and for six 
years and a half Avas in the emi^lov of the P. 
E. E. Co. In September, 1892, Mr. Spyker 
came to Huntingdon, where he began the 
study of law in the office of George B. Orlady, 
Esq., now judge of the Superior Court, and 
was admitted to the bar January 9. 1895. 
Mr. Spyker adheres to the Eepublicau ]iarty. 
He is not married. 


hx ^c 




; I and 

■ came 


' honias 

ug become a 

st to^\'nsl^ip in 

, : V, . :..uor Myton were the 

. a cluldreii: Jolin, horn February 

t nt most of liis life in farming in 

i tA\ ii.-liip, Hnntmgdou ooiinty, and died 

inc a widow and live children; Martha 

Ali'xa-.lor. t--ii-, 1 uni 0-fol.,,r i}0. 1830, 


..w of 

Niiio admitted to j[j 
ty at the August 

two \— '■- '':"'l'. 

ticc ' 
and : 
of .1 ~ 
of L 

ton i- 
hoh! ■ 


born ^ay 

man, aiul 


art;-. Centre 
ury'5, 1836, - 

Heurj ligl 


of "West tow' 


B:, born Jamxary 

31, 1839, died i 

The survivL 

Thomas A^^ 

; San 

nel H., bom J ., 

and a gradu 

i? a lianlw; 

re inc 

reliant of "Winrieia, ivas. ; 

1!. and Eleariur. 

r.v^Auu- V. 


May 2S, 1849, wife of John 

attfud the Meth- 

!,ai:,<^ ,./ X 


Hamilton, jMiffiin co^]'--\ 


••-. :,r- 

't-11 pn.^yrd his earliesi ; ^ - 
-iip. He wa- 
r the county, 
' ling at home 

NfFFL T. Fipyi-' eiguLeenth year. At 

Spykcr, both nan 

began teaching, and had 

of Alexandria, i 1 

'Ml Huntingdon and 

years of his life i; 

iimmer 0^1862, he 

educated in its c- 

■ountry a inoro nc- 

i'5<?«. hf, ivent •■■ 

tr . 

11 lore u.«efid, ^ ' 


■■'d in Compaii- 


: -rty-cighth 1 


ihe battle of Chan- 

rrll.. -. 

his left arm was 
Is amputated, and 

lit shoulder and in 

,Mr. ^pyker . 

of the loss of his 

Hf is not iM 

He has o^-er 

Irli the busuiesB 

. except dur- 

11 bfi spent in 

ii tu Oueidii 
tcember '27. 

iicnn party. 

^^'^2^n^ l^colAy^ 



BENJAMIjST F. xiFEICA, secretary and 
treasurer and general superintendent of the 
Huntingdon Electric Light Company, and les- 
see of the Huntingdon gas works, was born 
in Pluntingdon, Pa., August 15, 1858. He is 
a son of J. Simpson and Dorothea C. (Green- 
land) Africa. 

The first years of Benjamin F. Africa were 
passed in his native town; his education was 
received in a private school of Philadelphia, 
a district school of Xew Jersey, and later in 
the public schools, academy and Normal 
School of Huntingdon. His coTirse of study 
completed, so far as regarded school educa- 
tion, he applied himself, in the office of his 
father, to civil engineering and draughting. 
About 1878, Mr. Africa was elected secretary 
and treasurer of the Huntingdon Gas Com- 
pany, and efficiently fulfilled the duties of 
those offices until 1882. At the same time, 
he acted on various occasions as chief draghts- 
man in the Department of Internal Affairs, 
Harrisburg, Pa., and in 1883 was regularly 
appointed to that position, which he filled 
with credit for four years. Returning in 
1887 to Flimtingdon, Mi*. Africa became the 
lessee of the Huntingdon gas works, and was 
also re-elected secretary and treasurer of the 
company. When the electric light plant was 
established in Huntingdon he superintended 
its construction, and was made secretary and 
treasurer of that company also. In 1892 he 
was elected to the borough council, but de- 
clined to serve, on account of his connection 
with companies having contracts with the bor- 
ough. In 1894:, he was the nominee of his 
party, the Democratic, for the legislature, 
but was defeated. 

Mr. Africa is an active member of Mount 
Moriah Lodge, jSTo. 300, F. and A. M. ; Stand- 
ing Stone Chapter, ]S"o. 201, R. A. M.; and 
Huntingdon Commandery, K"o. 65, K. T. 

On iSTovember 5, 1885, Benjamin F. Africa 
was married in Harrisburg, Pa., to Susan I., 
daughter of Hon. Benjamin F. and Susan C. 
(Kuntz) Meyers, of that city. Mr. and Mrs. 
Africa have two sons, named in baptism J. 
Simpson and Benjamin Meyers; the former 
born September 18, 1886, and the latter July 
11, 1888. The family belong to the Pres- 
byterian church. 

JAMES R. PATTOX, justice of the 
peace, Huntingdon, Pa., was bom in Amity, 

Washington county, Pa., May 30, 1835, son 
of Joseph and Mary (Cunningham) Patton, 
the former a native of Chambersburg, Frank- 
lin county, Pa., the latter of Washington 
county. Pa., and both of Scotch-Irish extrac- 
tion. Joseph Patton spent his early life in 
Chambersburg, but removed to Pittsburg, 
Pa., about 1801. He afterwards resided for 
some years in Washington county. Pa., but 
finally returned to Pittsburg, where he died 
in 1851. He was twice married; by his first 
union he had seven children, of whom the 
only survivor is Mrs. Esther Graham, a 
widow, residing at Carnegie, Pa. The only 
surviving issue of Mr. Patton's later marriage 
is James R., of Huntingdon. 

James R. Patton's elementary education 
was received in the common schools of Wash- 
ington county, where his boyhood was spent; 
but removing as a youth -with his j^arents to 
Pittsburg, he attended the public scliools 
there also. A few years later, he returned to 
Washington county, where he became a stu- 
dent of pharmacy; at the same time, he at- 
tended tlie borough high school, completing 
his curriculum and graduating from that in- 
stitution. After this, he continued in the 
drug business, and took up in addition the 
study of medicine. At the breaking out of 
the Rebellion, just as Mr. Patton had begun 
the practice of medicine, he suddenly aban- 
doned it, and in 1861 enlisted in Company D, 
Tenth Pennsylvania Reserves, as a private. 
Shortly after, he was aj^pointed hospital stew- 
ard of the regiment, and served in this capa- 
city until April, 1863. He was then assigned 
as assistant surgeon to the One Hundred 
and Thirty-ninth Pennsylvania Volunteers. 
In this position he served until he was 
discharged with the regiment at Pittsbiu-g, 
Pa., near the end of Jime, 1865, after four 
years of constant devotion to his country's 
cause. From the close of the war until 1870, 
Dr. Patton practiced medicine in Clarksville, 
Green coiinty. Pa. He at last relinquished 
practice, on account of disabilities resulting 
from his service in the army. In the fall of" 
1870, he removed to Huntingdon, where he 
has ever since resided. Ilr. Patton has been 
since 1878 secretary of the borough council, 
and since 1885, justice of the peace. He has 
served the borough efficiently on the school 
board. He is a Past j\raster and an active 
member of ]\Iount Moriah Lodge, Xo. 300, F. 



A. M., of Huntingdon, and belongs also to 
"Washington Chaiiter, Xo. 150, Washington, 
Pa., and to Huntingdon Commandery, No. 
65, K. T., Huntingdon. He is a Past Com- 
mander of George Sim^jsou Post, Xo. 44, G. 
A. K., Huntingdon, Pa. His political opin- 
ions are Democratic. 

James P. Patton was married at Cannons- 
burg, "Washington county, Pa., in 1S64, to 
Mary B., daughter of Robert Donaldson. 
They have two daughters: May, and ilinnie 
A. ilr. Patton and his family attend the 
Presbyterian church. 

LEMUEL E. ED"WARDS, justice of the 
peace, Huntingdon, Pa., was born in Union 
towmship, Huntingdon county, July 17, 1844. 
He is a son of Allen and Diadema (Horton) 
Edwards, natives and life-long residents oi 
Huntingdon county; the former born in Tod 
township, December 8, 1812, and the latter 
on Broad Top, September 14, 1814. Mr. 
Allen Edwards was engaged in farming and 
in the manufacture of woolen goods in Union 
and in Tod townships. He was twice mar- 
ried; his iirst wife, Diadema Horton, died 
July 2, 1854. She had been the mother of 
nine children: Elizabeth (Mrs. Joseph Sulli- 
van), of Denver, Col.; Enoch "W., born in 
Trough Creek Valley, Huntingdon county, 
January 3, 1838, enlisted September 9, 1861, 
in Company B, One Hundred and Tenth 
Pennsylvania Volunteers; re-enlisted Decem- 
ber 13, 1863, and in May, 1864, was made 
first sergeant of his company, comniissionetl 
fh-st lieutenant March 2, 1865, mustered out 
June 28, 1865, after a long and honorable 
career, having with his regiment participated 
in nearly all the battles fought by the army 
of the Potomac; received in the third day's 
fighting at Gettysburg a gun-shot wound in 
the head, in consequence of which he was for 
five weeks in the hospital, his only separation 
from hi- iiiiiniiand during the war; died at 
Three Spriii--. Huntingdon county, October 
:i. IM*."): liiiaiii G., died at Georgetown, D. 
C, from disease contracted while serving in 
defense of his country during the war of the 
Rebellion, having been a private in Company 
E, Eighth Pennsylvania Reserves; Allison H., 
died at Seward, Xeb., in August, 1890, served 
throughout the war of the Rebellion as a 
private in Company E, Eighth Pennsylvania 
Reserves; Lemuel E.; Mary C. (Mrs. "William 

States), of McConncllstown, Huntingdon 
county; PhilijD, who died in childhood; Xa- 
than G., a constable of the borough of Hunt- 
ingdon; and Isaac H., contractor and builder, 
Huntingdon. By his second marriage Allen 
Edwards had five children. These were: Cur- 
tis H., died in infancy; Lucretia Alice, wife 
of Bertram Loud, residing in Xew Jersey; 
Decker, of Tod townshi]^, HuntingJi:»n 
county; Sherman, of Colorado; and Annie 
(Mrs. Charles H. "Westbrook), of Hunting- 
don. After a useful life, Mr. Edwards died in 
April, 1881. 

Lemuel E. Edwards spent most of his early 
life in Tod township, Huntingdon county. 
Pa. He attended the common schools of the 
toATOship, and the Cassville Seminary. He 
learned civil engineering and also taught 
school in Huntingdon county. In the spring 
of 1868 ]\rr. Edwards became a resident of the 
town of Huntingdon. He was for some time 
a hotel clerk there, and was later appointed 
constable, and served three terms as such. He 
was also for parts of two terms a special 
deputy sheriff. Eor seven years he was en- 
gaged in the sale of pianos, organs and musi- 
cal merchandise. In 1894, he was elected to 
his present position. Mr. Edwards is a Re- 
publican. He is a charter member of Broad 
Toji City Lodge, T O. O. F., Xo. 579. and 
is active in its affairs. He is also connected 
with Mount Hor Encampment, Xo. ISO, I. O. 
O. F., of Huntingdon, and with "Washington 
Camp, Xo. 321, P. O. S. of A.; he has three 
times represented "Washington Camp, P. O. S. 
of A., in the State Camp, and was for one 
term District President of Huntingdon 
Xorthern District. 

Lemuel E. Edwards was married in Hunt- 
ingdon, December 24, 1869, to :\rary C, 
daughter of Charles McCartney. They had 
no children. Mrs. Edwards died January 5, 
1896. Mr. Edwards attends the ]\Iethodist 
Episcopal churcli. 

XATHAX^ B. CORBIX^ fire and life in- 
surance, Huntingdon, Pa., was born at Q&\o- 
town, near Hagerstown, ild.. June 4, 1833. 
He is a son of Abraham and Sarah (Corbin) 
Corbin, both natives of ]\raryland; but the 
liarents of Abraham Corbin were English liy 
birth, while those of his wife were Irish. 
Abraham Corbin was born about 1794. and 
was a soldier in the war of 1812; he died in 



Huntingdon county in September, 1847; Mrs. 
Corbin died in Altoona, February 9, ISG-t, 
aged seventy-six. Tlicy had a family of six: 
Ellen, Avidow of Samuel Hagey, residing in 
Huntingdon, Ind. ; Eliza, married to Samuel 
Pollet, of Altoona, Pa., both deceased, Mrs. 
Pollet at the age of sixty-four; John G., died 
in Lew-istown, Mifflin county. Pa., August IS, 
1875, aged fifty-one, he served during the war 
of the Rebellion as a corporal in Company E, 
One Hundred and Twenty-fifth Pennsylvania 
Vohmteers, having enlisted August 12, 1862, 
and being mustered out May 18, ]863; Jack- 
son A., died in Huntingdon at the age of 
eleven; Xathan B., and Ellen, died in chilil- 

Xathan B. Corbin passed most of his youth 
in Huntingdon county and borough, his par- 
ents having removed to this county when he 
was eight years old. His education was for 
the most part carried on in the public schools 
of this borough. After it was completed, he 
learned carpentry, and worked at that trade 
until 1864. In that year, he engaged in mer- 
cantile business, and conducted a store in the 
borough for thirty successive years. In 1893 
he sold the store, and has since been occupied 
with fire and life insurance business. He rep- 
resents some of the most prominent and solid 

Mr. Corbin is a Republican. In 187<i ho 
was elected burgess of Huntingdon, and 
served three years. He was elected to the 
council of the borough in 1889, and served 
for three years. He is also a member of the 
board of directors of the Orishans' Home. ilr. 
Corbin is an active member of Lodge Xo. 117, 
I. 0. 0. E.; he is Past X^oble Grand of that 
lodge, and has been for two years District 
Deputy Grand Master of this county; he is 
also a past officer of ^Mount Hor Encampment, 
I. 0. 0. F., and a charter member, and Xoble 
Grand of Delia Rebecca Lodge, Xo. 78, 
Daughters of Rebecca; all Huntingdon or- 

Xathan B. Corbin was married in Hunting- 
don, December 31, 1851, to Catherine, 
daughter of David and Sarah (Miller) Haz- 
zard, born in Huntingdon, June 26, 1831. 
Mr. and Mrs. Corbin have six children: IMary 
Virginia, born December 20, 1852, married 
Jonathan E. Cree, died in 1878; Sarah Me- 
lissa, born ^lay 18, 1855; Sarah Ellen, Janu- 
ary 13, 1857, and Annie, September 9, 1858, 

all died in early childhood. Their surviving 
children are: Ida Belle, born March is. 1861, 
wife of James Pollock, of Ogdensburg, N. T. ; 
and Harry Ulysses Grant, born August 16, 
1804, married ]\Iiss Annie Haukcy, of Hunt- 
ingdon, and has one child, named Ruth. ^Ir. 
Corbin and his family attend the Baptist 

at-law, Huntingdon, Pa., was born in Spruce 
Creek township, Huntingdon county, July 3, 
1869. He is a son of David P. and Esther 
J. (Stover) ITni.lcroni. both natives and life- 
long r(-i.l(iit~ ..f 1 iinitiiigdon county. His 
graudfaihcr. I'aviil i [cu'lerson, a representa- 
ti^'e of a Scotch-Irish family, came from 
Chester county, and settled in the northern 
jiart of this county when it was still a wilder- 
ness. Here, in Eranklin township, on the 8th 
of April, 1838, David P. Henderson was 
born. From his yoiith he has devoted his at- 
tention to farming, in which he is still en- 
gaged. He is a useful and influential man, 
and has served the township in various public 
capacities. His wife, Esther J. Stover, is of 
German descent, and was born in Warriors' 
ilark township. Their family of eight chil- 
dren are living. They are as follows: Mary 
B., widow of O. L. Borst, Spruce Creek, 
Iluntinii'don comitv; Charles M. ; Warren M. ; 
Elizabeth (ilrs. Rush A. Horrell); John S.; 
Ella; Esther (:\L-s. W. L. Shultz); and Wil- 
liam W., all residing in Spruce Creek. 

Warren ]\I. Henderson passed his early 
days on the homestead farm, and began his 
education in the neighboring common schools. 
He afterwards became a student of Juniata 
College, Huntingdon, and of the State Xor- 
mal School, Westchester, Pa. At seventeen 
years of age he began teaching. For four 
winters he taught in Franklin and Wan-iors' 
IMark to^mships. He was employed by the P. 
R. R. Co. early in 1890, as a clerk in their 
ticket office in Pittsburg, Pa. In 1801, he re- 
signed his clerkship in order to study law. 
]\rr. Henderson prepared himself for his pro- 
fession at the Law School of Dickinson Col- 
lege, Carlisle, Pa., under the precejitorship of 
John W. Wetzel, Esq., of the bar of that 
county seat. On Jime 4, 1894, 'Mr. Hender- 
son was graduated from the Law School; on 
the next day he was admitted to the Cumber- 
land county bar, and on July 2, 1894, to the 



bar of Huntiugdon county; in August of the 
same year he began practise at Huntingdon. 
During tlie first t^vo years of his practise ]\Ir. 
Henderson was engaged in at least two 
notable cases. The former case, September, 
1894, was that of Commonwealth vs. Edward 
Couch, in which he was one of the counsel for 
the defendant, who was tried for murder and 
acquitted. In the latter case, Commonwealth 
vs. W. W. Elmer and .Tosej^h ^McCracken, in- 
dicted for the murder of George Ha-svn, he 
was again defendants' counsel. This case was 
tried in 1895, December term, and occupied 
seven days, with five evening sessions; the ver- 
dict was acquittal. Mr. Henderson has 
efficiently served the borough for the past two 
years as borough attorney; on January 13, 
1896, he was appointed sheriff's attorney. He 
has been since September 15, 1895, chairman 
of the Democratic county committee. He is 
an active member of Juniata Lodge, Xo. 117, 
I. 0. O. E., of Himtingdon, and of the Ger- 
man Reformed church. Mr. Henderson is 
unmarried. The remaining portion of the 
family are members of the Methodist church 
at Spruce Creek. 

ERAXK L. SCHmr, M. D., Huntingdon, 
Pa., a physician enjoying an extensive gen- 
eral i^ractice, and making a specialty of the 
treatment of diseases of the eye, ear and 
throat, was born in Altoona, Pa., March 11, 
1865. He is a son of Henry and Lucre tia 
(TVooden) Schum. Henry Schum is a native 
of Berks county. Pa., born July 7, 1832; he 
was a blacksmith, but has for some years lived 
a retired life. His wife, Lucretia Wooden, 
Avas born in Wales, G. B._, July 3, 1883. Mr, 
and Mrs. Schum settled in Altoona in 1857, 
and are still among the most highly honored 
"old residents" of that place. They had 
seven children. Two are deceased, one an 
infant, the other, Catherine E., wife of John 
H. Young, a hardware merchant of Annville, 
Pa., who died ]\ray 7, 18S1. The surviving 
children are: "William Henry, a draughtsman; 
Emma, vdfe of George "W. Worley, a conduc- 
tor on the P. E. P.; Harry S., a machinist; 
and George W. ; all residing in Altoona; and 
Dr. Erank L. Schum. 

The Doctor's eai-ly life was passed in Al- 
toona, as a schoolboy in its pTiblie schools. In 
1880, he entered Lebanon Valley College, 
Annville, Pa., and graduated in June, 1883. 
He then commenced the studv of medicine in 

the office of Dr. John Fay, of Altoona. In 
the fall of 1883, he matriculated at the ^Medi- 
cal Department of the University of Pennsyl- 
vania. He received the diploma of that in- 
stitution after a three years' course. May 1, 
1886. A week later he began practising at 
Shii'leysburg, Huntingdon county, where he 
remained until March, 1894. Since that date 
he has been in continuous practise at Hunt- 
ingdon, where he is held in high regard both 
as a physician and as a citizen, and has a large 
circle of patients. 

During the year 1888, the Doctor efiicient- 
ly performed the duties of coroner. He is a 
member of Standing Stone Conclave, Hepta- 
sophs, and of the Royal Arcanum. 

Dr. Frank L. Schiun was married in Al- 
toona, April 28, 1887, to Marie Eva, daugh- 
ter of John and Sarah Jane Zimmerman. 
]\Ir. Zimmerman is deceased, but his wife sur- 
vives, and resides in Altoona. Dr. and Mrs. 
Schum have one daughter, born in Shirleys- 
burg, February 21, 1893, and named in bap- 
tism Sarah Lucretia. 

B. F. ISENBERG, Huntingdon, Hunting- 
don county. Pa., youngest child of Abraham 
and Kancy Isenberg, was born at Spruce 
Creek, Huntingdon county, June 24, 1844. 
He had six bi'others: Thomas: Solomon; Mil- 
ler; Joseph; John: and Samuel, all living at 
this ■«Titing excej^t Thomas and John. He 
had three sisters: Susan (Mrs. Metz), of Wil- 
liamsburg, Pa., deceased; Catharine (Mrs. 
Johnston), of Altoona, Pa.; and Dorothy 
(Mrs. Walls), of Erankstown, Pa. Mr. and 
Mrs. Abraham Isenberg are both of German 
extraction, their forefathers having originally 
come from Erankfort-on-the-Main, or its 

Mr. B. F. Isenberg is what is called a "self- 
made" man. He received but a limited edu- 
cation in the public schools of Spruce Creek, 
attending for one term what was then called 
a high school, taught during his school days 
by D. W. Womelsdorf, Esq., now of Huntiug- 
don. At the age of fifteen he began business 
life as a clerk for John Q. Adams, who kept 
a small country store on Spruce Creek. Mr. 
Adams also had a forge, in which he burned 
charcoal, instead of coke, the fuel generally 
used at the present time. Mr. Isenberg's en- 
gagement with him was for three months, or 
until Mr. Adams could get his collieries fairly 


started; but it was extended to six months. 
This time having exi^ired, the young clerk 
took charge of a full set of double entry 
books, and of the store, of Messrs. J. F. 
Steiner & Co., at Philipsburg, Centre county, 
Pa. Stei-ner & Co. were extensive lumber 
dealers, on Moshannon Creek, one mile from 
PhiliiDsburg. Mr. Isenberg had full charge of 
their books and their store, and kept the time 
for the men employed at the saw-mill, the 
timber jobs, the lumber-yards, etc. He served 
in this capacity for three years, receiving- 
each year unsolicited promotion. For the 
purpose of learning the milling business, he 
then entered his brother Solomon's mill, at 
Frankstown, Blair county, Pa. ; it was at that 
time a merchant and custom burr mill, the 
best in the county. Here !Mr. Isenberg served 
a full apprenticeship, working full time. In 
those days the mill ran night and day; a 
"trick" meant one-half of the night and the 
whole day; in other words, eighteen hours 
was a day's woi'k. 

iN'ot-^^'ithstanding the fact that Mr. Isen- 
berg found milling congenial emplopncnt, he 
was warmed with the patriotic devotion that 
inspired the young blood of his time, so that 
he made three attempts to enlist in the Union 
army during the war of the Rebellion, all of 
which were unsuccessful, because of his 
youth and the close surveillance of his friends. 
But the opi^ortunity came at last, and on 
AiTgust 19, 1S64, he laid down the mill pick 
and enlisted in the cause of the Union, join- 
ing the I^inth Pennsylvania Veteran Volun- 
teer Cavalry; he has the honor and proud dis- 
tinction of having marched with Gen. Kil- 
patrick in Sherman's army from Atlanta to 
the sea, and up through the Carolina states, 
until the close of the war. Mr. Isenberg was 
in every engagement in which his regiment 
took part during his term of enlistment, and 
has a record as a brave and patriotic soldier, 
which will always be the pleasure and pride 
of his posterity. ^luch interest is added to 
the history of this time of service by the fact 
of his having kept a diary of the time, com- 
plete from the beginning to the end. At the 
close of the war he resumed his place in ilr. 
Solomon Isenberg's mill, but shortly after, at 
the earnest solicitation of the president of the 
First National Bank of Huntingdon, and of 
his friends, he again laid down the mill pick 
to enter the employ of that bank. In those 

days a clerk in the bank was entry clerk, dis- 
count clerk, book-keeper, paying teller, re- 
ceiving teller, etc., anything and everything, 
from fire builder to acting cashier. After an 
engagement of three years, and having re- 
ceived many unsolicited promotions, ^Ir. Isen- 
berg retired from the bank, and bought an 
interest in the firm of Henry & Co., forward- 
ing and commission merchants and dealers in 
general merchandise, lumber, coal, etc. 
Messrs. Henry & Co. had commenced opera^ 
tions in 1862, and did the largest business of 
the kind in the cotmty; they ran a line of 
boats carrying iron ore, soft and gas cual and 
lumber eastward, and hard coal to the west, 
employing in some seasons as many as twenty- 
live boats. In 1870, Mr. Isenberg's milling 
experience became available, the firm buying 
what was then known as the "Warrior's Ridge 
flouring mill, situated in PortstOAvn, a suburb 
of the borough of Huntingdon. Thanks to 
his practical knowledge of the business, this 
entorpi-ise gradually developed from a 40-bbl. 
mill to the present mill of 2.50-bbl. capacity; 
the firm also gradually giving more attention 
to the mill and less to their store, until 1892, 
when, after thirty years of activity, the old 
firm dissolved, Mr. Henry, the senior partner, 
retiring from business. Mr. Isenberg now or- 
ganized a stock company, capitalized at $75,- 
000, and known as the B. F. Isenberg Milling 
Co., to continue the milling business, and to 
conduct a coal and lumber yard. !Mr. Isen- 
berg is jDresident and general manager of this 
company, and his eldest son, Frank McCahan 
Isenberg, is the secretary and treasurer. B. F. 
Isenberg has always taken a great interest in 
the milling business, not only locally, but 
throTighout the State. He served for three 
years as secretary and treasurer of the Penn- 
sylvania Millers' State ^Association, eight 
years as its president, and many years as a 
member of its executive committee. He was 
the leading spirit in the organization of the 
Pennsylvania Millers' Mutual Fire Insurance 
Co., in 1SS9, which has proved a grand suc- 
cess. Of this association, he was at the outset 
elected president, member of the board of di- 
rectors, and a member of the executive com- 
mittee, and has been unanimously re-elected 
every succeeding year. He served several 
terms as vice-president of the ^lillers' Na- 
tional Association of the United States. The 
historv of !Mr. Isenberg's business life is 



of the most honorable nature. The firm to 
■which he belongs, the same for some thirty- 
fi-s-e years, although under different designa- 
tions, may boast of having conducted business 
during all that time without ever having had 
its books brought into court — never having 
either sued or been sued. Mr. Isenberg has a 
host of friends, and necessarily, after so long 
a business life, some enemies. He has always 
taken chances in business liberally, but legiti- 
mately, sometimes with success, sometimes 
at a loss. But he can claim with truth that he 
has never invested one dollar in speculation 
in stocks or in grain, and that in all his trans- 
actions, his word has been as good as his bond. 

He has always been actively interested in 
the local affairs of his own town and county. 
He is a charter member of the Huntingdon 
Improvement Co., the Huntingdon Fire Co., 
the Huntingdon Club, and other organiza- 
tions. He has acted in every capacity in the 
chairs of the Blue Lodge and Chapter; is a 
charter member and the treasurer of the com- 
mandery ; being identified with Mount 
Moriah Lodge, No. 300, F. and A. M., Stand- 
ing Stone Chapter, Xo. 201, E. A. M., and 
Huntingdon Commandery, Xo. 65, K. T. He 
is also a member of George Simpson Post, Xo. 
44, G. A. E. Mr. Isenberg is a Republican; 
he has never held an}' political office, although 
he has frequently been importuned to do so. 

B. F. Isenberg was married in Huntingdon 
in 1869, to Jennie, youngest daughter of 
John Kinney McCahan, who is of Irish de- 
scent. They have had three sons : Frank M. ; 
Cloyd, who died when six months old; and 
Jesse M. !Mr. Isenberg is a gentleman of do- 
mestic habits. He is of the Presbyterian 
faith, and has for years served the congrega- 
tion at Huntingdon as trustee and treasurer. 

PHILIP BROWX, retired furniture 
dealer, was born in Odensachsen, Hesse Cas- 
sel, Germany, August 10, 1835, son of Con- 
rad and Katrina (Euppel) Braun, both na- 
tives of Germany, and both now deceased. 

Philip Brown was educated in the pviblic 
schools of his native country, and afterwards, 
when a little over thirteen, was for three years 
an a])prentice at cabinet making. His appren- 
ticeship over, he traveled throTigh Prussia, ac- 
cording to the custom of journeymen in that 
country, working at his trade in various places 
for three years. He at last settled down in 

his native place, where he continued to work 
for two years, and then, in March, 1857, emi- 
grated to America. After a tempestuous voy- 
age of seven weeks, he landed in Baltimore, 
May 1, 1857, and remained there lentil Xo- 
vember, when he went to Annapolis, Md. A 
year and a half later, he returned to Balti- 
more, and engaged in the grocery business. 
In December, 1860, on account of the break- 
ing out of the war, Mr. Brown sold out his 
store. In December, 1861, he removed to 
Huntingdon, where he worked as a journey- 
man cabinetmaker for three yeai's \\'ith James 
Higgins, now deceased. In the spring of 
1865, Mr. Brown began the business of 
cabinetmaking on his own accotmt, and in 
1870 entered into partnership with Thomas 
"W. iilyton. Barton Armitage and John E. 
Schmucker, under the firm name of 
Schmucker, Bro^^■n et Co. About a year 
later, ]\Ir. ^lyton and ]Mr. Armitage withdrew 
from the partnership, leaving the business to 
be conducted under the same firm name by 
ilessrs. Schmucker and Brown. In the 
spring of 1873, Mr. Brown purchased Mr. 
Schmucker's interest at public sale, and con- 
tinued the business on his own account until 
the spring of 1SS9. He then retired, selling 
(lut the business to his sous, Louis E., Harry, 
John A. and Ed^vard S. Brown, who have 
since condticted it as Philip Brown's Sons. 

Being thus relieved of business cares. Mr. 
Brown embarked for Germany in the latter 
part of April, 1889, with his wife and daugh- 
ters, for the purpose of visiting his native 
place. After spending several months very 
agreeably in Europe, he returned to his 
adopted country. Mr. Brown is one of the 
oldest merchants of the borough of Hunting- 
don. He has for the past thirty-four years 
voted with the Democratic party. Froni 
1878 to 1883 he efficiently filled the office of 
burgess; he also served the borough faithfully 
during one term as school director. He has 
been a member of Juniata Lodge, Xo. 117, I. 
0. O. F., of Huntingdon, since 1867. 

Philip Brown was married in the city of 
Baltimore January 8, 1860, to Hermina 
Paidina Richter, daughter of Ludwig and 
Hanna Richter, born in Saxony, Germany, 
June 8, 1843, and a resident of this country 
since 1852. Their family numbers ten chil- 
dren, four of whom are deceased. The sur- 
vivors are: Louis E., born Februarv 2, 1862; 


Harry, December 9, 1S64; John A., July 2S, 
1S6S; Edward S., July 3, 1873; Margaret 
Lizzie, October l-i, 1877, wife of Albert 
Kauilman, of Huntingdon, and Mary J., born 
August 22, 1879, wife of Harry Hoffman, of 
Huntingdon. The family attend the Lu- 
theran church. 

Louis K. 13rowu, of the firm of Philip 
Brown's Sons, furniture dealers and under- 
takers, was educated in the public schools, and 
learned cabinetmakiug with his father. He 
worked at the trade as a journeyman until 
1889, when he became a partner in the pres- 
ent firm. Mr. Louis Brown is a staunch 
Democrat. He served out the unexpired term 
of his father on the school board of the bor- 
ough of Huntingdon. He has been for 
twelve years, and is still secretary, of the 
Huntingdon Borough Fire Company. He is 
a member of Juniata Lodge, Xo. 117, I. O. 0. 
F., and of Mount Hor Encampment, Xo. 180, 
I. 0. O. F., of Huntingdon; he has passed all 
chairs in both branches. 

Louis Brown was married in Huntingdon, 
May 24, 1883, to Laura, daughter of William 
A. Grove. They have had four children. Of 
these, Alexander Philip died at the age of 
three years, two months and twenty-five days, 
and Adam Paul, aged six years. The surviv- 
ing children are Alice Paulina and Adeline 

Harry Brown, also of Philip Brown's Sous, 
was educated in the public schools, and after- 
wards worked in the finishing department of 
his father's cabinetmakiug establishment. On 
September 20, 1880, he was appointed a rail- 
way mail clerk. He began his duties in this 
capacity a few weeks later, and was engaged 
in the R. R. mail service imtil May 1, 1891. 
Since that date he has devoted his entii-e at- 
tention to his present business. He is a Demo- 
crat, and a member of the Huntingdon Band. 

Harry Brown was married in Johnstown, 
Pa., December 29, 1887, to Bosanna Katrina 
Elizabeth, daughter of John and Eosanna K. 
Bloch, natives of Germany, and both de- 
ceased. Mrs. Bloch and four of her daugh- 
ters were drowned in the Johnstown Flood, 
May 30, 1889. Mr. and Mrs. Harry Brown 
have had four children: Florence Eosanna 
Hermenia, born April 6, 1889; Freda Clara, 
born September 2'^. 1^90, died April 12. 
1891; Paulina H.. b.,™ .May 1,-., ls;i:l: and 
Carl Frederick, born Marcli 5, 1S9."J. 

The firm of I'liilip TSimw ii"s Sdus, c. imposed 
of the four sun-;,, r I'hili]. Umwii. rnii,|,„-ts the 
largest and best stm-kril fiiriiinin- establish- 
ment in LIuntingdon. Their business rela- 
tions extend throughout Huntingdon and the 
adjoining counties. The furniture business 
was established in 1865, and the undertaking 
branch added by Smucker & Brown in 1870. 

JOHX A. BEOWX, of the firm of Philip 
Brown's Sons, Huntingdon, Pa., was b(jrn 
July 28, 1868, and educated in the public 
schools. At the early age of ten years he dis- 
played his enterprise and business ability as 
a noAvsboy, and has the distinction of having 
been the first to introduce into the borough 
the Xew I'ork, Philadelphia, Pittsburg and 
Harrisburg papers. At the same time he 
learned printing in the office of the Local 
News, and afterwards worked as a journey- 
man in the different newspaper offices of 
Huntingdon. Li 1887, he sold out his news- 
paper business, and went to Des Moines, Iowa, 
where he resided about three months, working 
on the Des Moines State Register. He then 
returned to Huntingdon and continued to 
work as a journeyman compositor until 1889, 
when he liecame a partner in the present busi- 

Diu-ing the year 1890, ]\[r. Brown was en- 
gaged in the Huntingdon post-ofiice. At 
present he represents Speyer Bros., of Xew 
York, in cabinet hardware. He is a member 
of Juniata Lodge, Xo. 117, I. O. 0. F., and 
of Standing Stone Lodge, Xo. 176, K. of G. 
E., Huntingdon; also of General Gordon 
Lodge, Xo. 96, Iv. of P., borough of Luzerne, 
Pa. His political views are Democratic. 

John A. Brown was married in Hollidays- 
burg. Pa., January 1, 1890, to Idella, daugh- 
ter of David Miles and Phoebe (Powell) Cor- 
bett. They have had one child, Hermina 
Paulina, born April 14, 1891, died May 4, 

FEAXK FEITCHEY, senior member of 
the firm of Fritchey Bros., proprietors of the 
LCuntingdon Planing ilill, was born near 
Everett, Bedford county. Pa., ]\rar(di 29. 
1858. He is a son of E. C. and A.lolpliina 
(Eichter) Fritchey. llv. E. C. Fritclu^v was 
born in the province of Saxonv. (icrmany, 
August 25. 1834; his wife, Adolpliina Eich- 
ter, is a native of the same provim-r. and wa's 



born ATigiist 9, 1836. Both spent tlieir early 
life in their native conntry, and were educated 
in its common schools, and Mr. Fritchey there 
learned cabinetmaking. Both came to 
America in 1857, and they were imited in 
marriage soon after their arrival. They re- 
sided in Bedford county imtil 1863, when 
they removed to Huntingdon county, where 
they still reside, having their home in Smith- 
field township. Mr. Fritchey is a master car- 
penter in the employ of the Huntingdon and 
Broad Top R. R. 

Frank Fritchey was educated in the public 
schools of Huntingdon and Bedford counties. 
He then learned carpentry and bridge build- 
ing in the service of the Huntingdon and 
Broad Top R. R. He was in the employ of 
this company until, in March, 1891, he and 
his brothers, Edward A., Charles C. and Wil- 
liam H., engaged in their present business. 
Mr. Fritchey is an active member of Mount 
Moriah Lodge, IS!"o. 300; of Standing Stone 
Chapter, jSTo. 201, and of Htintingdon Com- 
mandery, No. 65, F. and A. M., of Fluuting- 
don; of Juniata Lodge, IN'o. 117, and Mount 
Hor Encampment, No. 180, I. O. O. F., of ' 
Huntingdon; of Arrapahoe Tribe, ISTo. 68, I. 
O. of R. M., Huntingdon; of Washington 
Camp, Xo. 321, P. O. S. of A.,. Huntingdon, 
and of Royal Arcanum, No. 1372, Hunting- 
don. He is a staunch Republican. 

I'rank Fritchey was married in Hunting- 
don, December 19, 1879, to Linnie A., daugh- 
ter of William and Jane Bice, of Huntingdon. 
They have had seven children, one of whom 
died in infancy. The surviving children are: 
Annie B. ; William B. ; May ; Florence ; Laiira 
and Grace. Mr. Fritchey attends the Lu- 
theran church. 

EDWARD A. FRITCHEY, of the firm 
of Fritchey Bros., proprietors of the Hunting- 
don Planing ]\Iill, was born in Tatesville, 
Bedford county, July 4, 1862, a son of E. C. 
and Adolphina (Richter) Fritchey. The 
family of Mr. and Mrs. E. C. Fritchey in- 
cluded eleven children. Five of these, 
Charles C, Julius, Anna, David and Ricliard 
R., are deceased. The surviving children 
are: Frank, Samuel B., born \\y Bedford 
county April 29, 1859, educated in the Hunt- 
ingdon public schools, was engaged in farm- 
ing in Himtingdon county, but now resides 
in Los Angeles, Cal., where he is a carpenter; 

Edward A.; Charles C; William H. ; and 
Mary Jane, wife of Andrew Heffner, of 
Smithfield township, Huntingdon county. 

Edward A. Fritchey, after receiving his 
education in the common schools of Butler 
county. Pa., learned carpentry and building 
in Huntingdon. He was employed at this 
trade by the Huntingdon and Broad Top R. 
R. Co. until 1889; for two years longer he 
served the same company as fireman; in 1891, 
he engaged with his brothers in their present 
enterprise. Mr. Fritchey is a member of 
Washington Camp, P. O. S. of A., and of the 
Royal Arcanum. His political views are Re- 

Edward A. Fritchey was married in Hunt- 
ingdon in 1887, to Louisa Geneva, daughter 
of Jacob and Mary Sharrer. Of their five 
children, one, Adolphina, died in childhood; 
the others are: Edward Jackson; Maggie 
Rosie; David Black; and George Washington 
Barrick. Mr. Fritchey attends the Lutheran 

WILLIAil H. FRITCHEY, of the firm 
of Fritchey Bros., proprietors of the Hunting- 
don Planing Mill, Huntingdon, Pa., was born 
in Huntingdon, July 27, 1870, a son of E. C. 
and Adolphina (Richter) Fritchey. Mr. W. 
H. Fritchey was educated in the public 
schools of his native borough. After leaving 
school, he worked for some time on hi;- 
father's farm, and then learned wood turning. 
At this trade and other occupations he was 
employed until 1892, when the firm of 
Fritchey Bros, was organized, and the present 
flourishing business begun. ]\Ir. Fritchey is 
a Repulilican, and an active member of the 
Xational Guard. 

On the 11th of August, 1891, in Hunting- 
don, William H. Fritchey was married to 
Effie, daughter of Franklin and Annis De 
Forest. Mr. DeForest is a resident of Smith- 
field, Huntingdon county, Pa. ; ilrs. DeForest 
is deceased. Mr. and Mrs. Fritchey have 
three children: Harry Franklin, born April 
20, 1892; Elsie Catherine, October 30, 1894, 
and Ernest C. Mr. Fritchey attends the Lu- 
theran church. 

EDWARD GERLOCK, senior member of 
the firm of Gerlock Bros., iron founders and 
machinists, was born in Huntingdon. Pa., 
August 27, 1866. He is a son of Franz G. 



and Elizabetli (Stany) Gerloek; the former 
boru in La^idershausen, Germany, JSTovember 
12, 1826, the Latter in Freudewalt, Hesse Cas- 
sel, Germany, Ifarch 9, 1S30. Mr. Franz G. 
Gerloek was a bhicksmith, and settled in 
Huntingdon abont 1840, where he resided nn- 
til liis death, April 26, 1869. Mrs. Gerloek 
■died in Huntingdon January 11, 1897. Their 
children were eight in number: Louis, who 
died at the age of twenty-four; Frank G., re- 
siding in Harrisburg, Pa. ; Louisa, wife of R. 
L. Lutz, of Harrisburg; Philip and Charles, 
who died in childhood; Andrew, accidentally 
■droA\Tied in Huntingdon at the age of twelve; 
Edward and Hariy W., a partner in the 
foundry business. 

Edward Gerloek was educated in the public 
schools of Huntingdon. He then learned the 
business of a machinist, which he still carries 
•on. In 1890 the foundry of Gerloek Bros, 
was established, the members of the iirm be- 
ing Edward and Harry W. Gerloek. Mr. 
Gerlock's political views are liberal. 

The marriage of Edward Gerloek took 
place in Huntingdon, on October 10, 1894. 
His wife is Mollie B., daughter of David Me- 
gahan, of Petersburg, Huntingdon county. 
Mr. and Mrs. Gerloek ha^-e one son, Frank G., 
born Sejit ember 15, 1895. 

HEXRY W. GERLOGK, junior partner 
in the tirm of Gerloek Bros., was born in 
Huntingdon, Pa., July 18, 1869, sou of Franz 
G. and Elizabeth (Stany) Gerloek. He was 
-educated in the i^ublic schools of Huntingdon, 
and after leaving school, learned the trade of 
a machinist. Lie held the position of machin- 
ist at the Pennsylvania Eeformatory at Hunt- 
ingdon, from February 12, 1890, until April 
18, 1896; in 1890, he also became a partner 
with liis brother Edward in the present busi- 
ness, to which he now devotes his entire at- 

.Mr. Gerloek is an active memlier of -Juniata 
Lodge, :Xo. 117. I. O. 0. F. He is not mar- 
ried He attends the Reformed church. 

Hern cane, now residents of Huntingdon, but 
both born in Alexandria, Huntingdon county. 
]\Ir. Benjamin F. Herncane was a farmer, and 
was so occupied in his native township until 
1863, when he removed to Huntingdon, and 
began the manufactiire of brooms. Their 
family consisted of nine children: John H., of 
Altoona, Pa.; Emma A.; George B. ; Walter 
S.; Clarence S.; Annie ]M.: Lillian; Leoua and 
Delilah, residing in Huntingdon. Benjamin 
F. Herncane died in Huntingdon, October 11, 
1896. "Walter S. Herncane was educated in 
tlie public schools. His first business en- 
gagement was as deputy prothonotary, in 
which capacity he served for two years. He 
then traveled for several years as a musician, 
but in 1892 abandoned that changeful life 
fin- the more settled occupation of a manu- 
facturer. The firm of Herncane Bros., still 
carrying on a fiourishing business, was then 
organized, the partners being George B. and 
Walter S. Herncane. His musical talent still 
iinds expression in the service of the Hunting- 
don Band, in which he plays the cornet. 

WALTER S. HERXCAXE, of the firm 
of Herncane Bros., manufacturers of brooms, 
brushes and whisks, Huntingdon, Pa., was 
born in Huntingdon, April -i, 1866, and is a 
son of Benjamin F. ami Elizabeth (Piiier) 

GEORGE B. HERXCAXE, of the firm of 
Herncane Bros., was born in Mount L^nion, 
Huntingdon county. Pa., March 8, 1864, and 
came to Huntingdon when but a few weeks 
old. Lie was educated in the i^iblic schools, 
and since the date of leaving school, has been 
engaged in the manufacture of brooms and 
brushes. The output of the factory of Hern- 
cane Bros, is twenty-five dozens per day. They 
ship to all parts of Pennsylvania and adjoining 
States. They fm-nish all the brooms used by 
the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, and em- 
ploy three salesmen on the road and fourteen 
hands in the factory. Their goods are all of 
a high grade, made under the personal super- 
vision of the proprietors. The factory is ex- 
tensive, Ijang along Fourteenth street, Hunt- 
ingdon, Pa., from Xo. 1416 to 1422. 

yh: George Herncane is, like his brother 
and partner, a member of the Huntingdon 

His marriage took ]ilacc in Huntingdon, 
May 11, 1886. His wife is Enuna Jane, 
daughter of Hezekiah and Mary ]\riller, of 
Huntingdon. They have four children, Wal- 
ter. Earl, ^largari^t and Le^'iia. The family 
attt'ud the Rctnrmcd cluu'ch. 



OELAXDO GIBSOX, foreiiiau of Penn- 
sylvania Kailroad car sliops, Huntingdon, Pa., 
was born in Duncansville, Blair county, July 
IS, 1852. lie is a son of Abraham and Sarah 
(Hanior) Gibson, natives of Blair county. 
Abraham Gibson was born in 1S27; he now 
resides in Altoona. His wife was born in 
1839, and died February 2, 1874. He was 
a mechanical engineer, and was employed by 
the Pennsylvania Railroad Company at Al- 
toona for about t\venty years. He had six 
children: ilary, wife of Charles C. Allen, 
of Huntingdon; Orlando; Harry, residing 
in Altoona; George, in Sacramento, Cal. ; 
Orpha, Avife of George Shoemaker, of Sacra- 
mento, and Elizabeth, wife of George Clark, 
also of Sacramento. 

Orlando Gibson was educated in the schools 
of Altoona. AVhen only fourteen years of 
age he entered the employ of the Pennsyl- 
vania Railroad Company as engine cleaner in 
the round house at Altoona. On Xovember 
1, 1867, he was placed in charge of the loco- 
motive boiler washing dej^artment, and on 
June 12, 1868, entered the machine shoj), to 
learn the business of a machinist. He was 
transferred from this department to the Al- 
toona yards, in which he became a fireman, 
June 1, 1869. Six months later, in January, 
1870, he drew the premium offered to firemen 
for economy in using the company's fuel and 
stores in the discharge of his duties. On the 
erection of the new car shops at Altoona, Mr. 
Gibson was i^laced in charge of the steam heat 
department, January 4, 1870. On April 2, 
of the same year, he was sent on the road as 
fireman, and filled this position until Sep- 
tember 1, 1872, when he was promoted to 
engineer. On August 1, 1887, he was once- 
more i^romoted to his present position as fore- 
man of the car department and master me- 
chanic of the machinery department of the 
shops at Huntingdon. "\Vhen Mr. Gibson first 
took charge of the shops only thirty-three 
men were employed in them. He has made 
numerous extensions and improvements, so 
that seventy-five emjiloyees are now required, 
work being executed of character and extent 
similar to that done in the car shops at Har- 
risburg and Altoona. ilr. Gibson's thirty 
years of service, rendered steadily in one line 
of business, with its honorable record of in- 
creasing usefulness and consequent jiromo- 
tion, is a fair illustration of the value of dili- 

gent and untiring performance of duty. Be- 
sides his business services, he has made his in- 
fluence felt in a very wholesome way by taking 
part in the organization of the P. R. R. de- 
jDartment of the Y. M. C. A. in Huntingdon; 
for one year he served the branch etficiently 
as its president. j\Ir. Gibson was the organizer 
of the Veteran Employees' Association, Mid- 
dle Division Pennsylvania Railroad, and now 
holds the oifice of vice-president of this asso- 
ciation. He is an active member and Past 
Chief of Standing Stone Castle, Xo. 176, K. 
of G. E., and of Juniata Commandery, Xo. 
66, of the same fraternity. In political views,. 
]\Ir. Gibson is independent. 

Orlando Gibson was married in Altoona, 
July IS, 1872, to Annie C, daughter of Jo- 
seph and Charity Marshall, both deceased. 
Mrs. Gibson was born in Bloomfield, Perry 
county. Pa., July 8, 1854. They have six 
children: Hattie Flora Belle (Mrs. John Kay- 
lor), of Pittsburg, Pa.; William A., born De- 
cember 24, 1874; James Marshall, born Oc- 
tober 21, 1879; Mary H., born February 16,^ 
1883; Blanche C, born February 2, i887^ 
and Oliver Elder, born June 25, 1889. Mr. 
Gibson and his family attend the M. E. 

WILLIAM H. REIGH, assistant foreman, 
of the Pennsylvania Railroad car shops, Hunt- 
ingdon, Pa., was born in Altoona, Pa., June 
30, 185S. He is a son of Frederick and An- 
nie Reigh, who resided at Altoona until 1880. 
!Mr. Frederick Reigh was employed as a 
blacksmith at that point by the Pennsylvania 
Railroad Company. In 1880 he removed ta 
Huntingdon, where he was in the employ of 
the Huntingdon City Car Works until 1885. 
He then went to Pullman, 111., and re- 
mained there until 1887. He was killed 
by falling from a ]3assenger train while 
on his way home to his family in Hunting- 
don. Dui-ing the war of the Rebellion, he 
served his coimtry faithfully in the army for 
over three years. !Mrs. Reigh still resides in 
Huntingdon. They had six children: "Wil- 
liam H., James D., of Punxsutawney, Jeffer- 
son county. Pa. ; Frederick, who died in child- 
hood; Ida, wife of Elmer Friedley, of Al- 
toona; Emma, who died in childhood, and 
Sadie, wife of William Rung, of Hunting- 



William H. Eeigii receiTed his education in 
the public schools of Altooua. At the age 
of fourteen he left school to enter the employ 
of the Pennsylvania Kailroad Company as 
messenger boy in the master mechanic's of- 
fice. After filling this position for three years, 
he became ajaprentice, in 1S75, in the car- 
building shops of the company at Altoona. 
His terra of aijprenticesliip c.iui] lifted, he 
took a trip to the west, vi-iiini: Uhi.i, "West 
Virginia and Kansas. During the year 1881 
Mr. Eeigh Avas employed by the Texas Pacific 
Eailroad, at Columbus, Ohio, as inspector. 
He took up his residence at Huntingdon, Pa., 
in 1882, and soon after re-entered the employ 
of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company. He 
was api^ointed to his present position in 1889. 
Mr. Eeigh is an active member and Past Chiei 
of Standing Stone Castle, l^o. 176, K. of G. 
E.; also of Juniata Commandery, jSTo. 66, of 
the same fraternity. He belongs to the Vol- 
untary Eelief Department, Pennsylvania 
Eailroad Company. He is a Democrat in ])o- 
litical views. 

"William H. Eeigh was married in Hunt- 
ingdon, March 8, 1883, to Margaret Bell, 
daughter of Philip and Matilda Pheasant, of 
Trough Creek, Huntingdon county. Their 
children are Harry L., born January 30, 1885 ; 
Philip Carlton, born October 14," 1888, and 
Charles Thomas, born January 10, 1896. Mr. 
Eeigh attends the ^Methodist Episcopal 
church. ]\Irs. Eeigh's father, ]\Ir. Pheasant, 
was killed by being thrown out of a wagon 
near Mill Creek; Mrs. Pheasant resides in 

PHILIP H. SHUSS, proprietor of the saw 
and planing mill, Huntingdon, Pa., was born 
near Everett, Bedford county, Xovember 6, 
1854. He is a son of Adam and Elizabeth 
(Clingerman) Shuss, both natives of Bedford 
county. Adam Shuss was born in 1828, and 
died February 10, 1897; his Avife was born 
in 1829, and died February 24, 1897. Up to 
the time of their death they resided in Bed- 
ford county, where ^Ir. Shuss for more than 
forty years gaA'e his attention to farming. 
They had the following children: William 
S.. of Huntingdon; Philip H., Sarah A. 
(^Irs. :M. J. igickson), of the vicinity of Gaps- 
ville. Bedford county; Xelson F., of Bec- 
caria, Clearfield county. Pa.; Susan M., de- 
ceased; Emma (Mrs. Frank Dermer), resid- 

ing on the homestead farm, and Clarence M., 
of Beccaria. 

Philip H. Shuss passed his boyhood on the 
farm, receiving his education in the common 
schools, and supplementing his elementary in- 
struction by a course at the Xormal School. 
In early manhood he went into the lumber 
business, which has received his attention ever 
since. He owns and operates a mill at Bec- 
caria, Clearfield county, besides the one in 
Huntingdon. 3*Ir. Shiiss became a permanent 
resident of Huntingdon September 27, 1887, 
but has been for more than fifteen years in 
business in the county of Huntingdon. He is 
a member of the P. O. S. of A., and of the 
Eoyal Arcanum. He is a Eepublican. 

Philip IT. Slm^s was married near Hunting- 
don, DcrcnlMr -27. 1882, to Margaret Ellen, 
daughter of Andrew and Temperance Decker, 
noAv residing in Huntingdon. They have had 
si.\ children: Blair E. ; Cloyd Ambrose; 
Charles; May Aerietta: Eoy Conwell; and 
Alice E. ilr. and ]\Irs. Shuss arc members 
of the Baptist church. 

ney-at-lnw, Huntingdon, Pa., was born in 
Huntingdon, July 18, 1863. He is a son of 
E. Bruce and Mary (Pohl) Petrikin. Eobert 
Bruce Petrikin Avas born in Muncy, Lycoming 
county, Pa., September 25, 1827; he died in 
Philadelphia, although at the time a resident 
of Huntingdon, on A^'il 15, 1895. Mrs. Pet- 
rikin was born in Pliiladelphia, October 12, 
1844, an.d died in Huntingdon, June 14, 1884. 
Their children are: Eobert Bruce, died aged 
two years; Donald, died aged nineteen, April 
7, 1887; Harry William ;"^rargaret M., Avife 
of Joseph H. Ehodes, Burlington, X. J. ; iliss 
Mary E. ; and ^lalcolm. 

The boyhood of Mr. H. W. Petrikin Avas 
passed in Huntingdon. He attended the acad- 
emy, and afterwards the Brethren's Xormal 
School, now styled Juniata College. He pre- 
pared for college at Shortledge's Academy, 
Media, DelaAA'are county, Pa., and then went 
to Yale, from which institution he was grad- 
uated in 1885. After this thorough and lib- 
eral preparation, ]\Ir. Petrikin entered upon 
the business of his chosen calling by being 
registered as a student of laAv in the office of 
his father in January, 1885. He AA-as admitted 
to the Huntingdon county bar in June, 1886, 
and to that of the Supreme Court in 18S8. 



lie has since practised coutimTallv in Hunt- 
ingdon, except that for one year (1889-90), 
he was assistant to the counsel of the corpo- 
ration of XcAv York City. ilr. Petrikin is 
a member of the State Bar Association. His 
23olitical views are Democratic. 

Mr. Petrikin is not married. His family 
are connected with the Presbvterian church. 

BEXJAMI^^ F. FIXK, hardware mer- 
chant, Huntingdon, Pa., was born at Colfa.x, 
Union township, Huntingdon county, Pa., 
April 2, 1858. He is a son of Daniel \Y. and 
Catherine E. (Toole) Fink. Daniel ^Y. Fink 
was born in Penn township, Huntingdon 
county, February 10, 1823, and now resides 
in Huntingdon; Mrs. Fink was born in Blair 
county, June 16, 1820, and died August 24, 
1892. Mr. Fink has spent his entire life in 
Huntingdon i-oimty. ami has been until within 
a few years ai-)i\(ly engaged in farming; he 
has now relin(piislii'(l Imsiness, and resides in 
the borough of Huntingdon. Of six children 
born to these parents, two died in childhood. 
The sur\avors are: Sarah J., -^dfe of Hem-y 
Mosser, of Huntingdon; Miss Susan C, re- 
siding with her father; Benjamin F., and 
Harriet A., wife of J. M. Laird, of Hunting- 

Benjamin F. Fink passed his lioyhorid on 
his father's farm^ acquiring his education in 
the common schools of the township, supple- 
mented by a normal course at Cassville, Hunt- 
ingdon county. From 1878 until 1SS5 he 
taught during the winter terms in Huntingdon 
county, spending the summer vacations on the 
farm. From the latter date until the spring 
of 1889 he remained at home. In 1889 he 
came to Huntingdon, in order to learn tinning, 
roofing and the working of sheet iron, and 
continued there tmtil his removal in 1892 to 
Orbisonia, Huntingdon county, where he Avent 
into the business of roofing, spouting and the 
sale of hardware. In 1895, having been 
burned out at Orbisonia, Mr. Fink returned 
to Huntingdon, and contijiued to work at 
roofing and spouting, adding the hardware 
business in Xovemlier of the same year. 

Llr. Fink is unmarried, and a member of 
the Presl)vterian church. 

in County Armagh, Ireland, December IC, 
1857. When he was but little more than a 
year old his parents came to the United 
States and settled in Delaware county, Pa. 
His early education was received in the schools 
of that county, but he subsequently attended 
the schools of Xew Albany, Ind., to which 
jilaee the family removed in the year 1868. 
After a residence of over four years in Xew 
Albany, the family returned to Delaware 
county. Thomas Grimison continued to re- 
side in Delaware county until he reached ma- 
turity, having in the meantime learned the 
baking business at ^ledia, same county. In 
Januai-y, 1880, he engaged in that business 
at LewistoAvn, ^lifilin county. In April, 1882, 
he Oldened a bakery at Huntingdon, which he 
continued to operate. During the year 1889 
he entered into the wholesale business, and 
began the manufacturing and jobbing of 
crackers and confectionery, and to this in the 
year 1890 he added that of tobacco and cigars. 
A stock company was formed during the yeai 
1894, knoAATi as the Thomas Grimison Com- 
pany, of which Mr. Grimison is ju-esident. 
The business of the company is confined to 
Pennsylvania. They handle all kinds of 
crackers, cakes, confectionery, cigars and 
tobacco. Mr. Grimison is a Eeptiblican. 

Thomas Grimison was married in Hunting- 
don, April 8, 1895, to Ada, daughter of John 
and Sarah (McCartney) Ir^an, both deceased. 
The children of Mr. and Mrs. Grimison are: 
Thomas Ir^-in, born June 9, 1887; Richard 
James, born January 8, 1889; Gerald, bom 
April 7, 1891, but killed by a fall when nearly 
four years old, Febrtiary 25, 1895; Adah 
Isobel, born August 3, 1894, and John Stan- 
ley, born ilarcli 23, 1896. The family attend 
the Presbvterian church. 

THOilAS GRi:\IISOX, Huntingdon, Pa., 
son of William and Isaliella (Sprint) Grimi- 
son, is of Scotch-Irish ancestrv. He was born 

THOMAS WESTBROOK, yardmaster of 
the Pennsylvania Railroad at Htnitingdon, 
was born in what is now called "Walker town- 
ship, Huntingdon county, January 17, 1825. 
His parents, Alexander and Xancy (White) 
Westbrook. were both natives of Huntingdon 
county, and of English descent; but the fam- 
ily record having been lost it is impossible to 
gi^e dates and places of birth. They were 
life-long residents of Huntingdon county; 
[Mr. Westbrook was a farmer; he died in 1854, 
and ]\rrs. Westbrook on December 6. 1842. 
Of their family of nine children, the only 



ones now living are Tliomas and a sister, Mar- 
tha, widow of Saxton Barry, who now resides 
in Colorado. 

Thomas Westbrook received a rather lim- 
ited education in the common schools of 
Huntingdon. Early in life he began work for 
his own support, first as a farm "hand" and 
afterwards on the Pennsylvania canal. Later 
he became ca^rtain of a canal boat, and con- 
tinued in that occupation until May 1, 1S57, 
when he entered the employ of the Pennsyl- 
vania Kailroad Company as car inspector, at 
Huntingdon. After three years' service Mr. 
Westbrook was appointed night train dis- 
patcher, in 1860, and on December 1, 1877, 
was promoted to his present position. His 
alertness and faithfulness as a railroad official 
have won for him the resjDect and confidence 
of his employers. Mr. "Westbrook's politi- 
cal preferences are Democratic. 

On February 11, 1847, Thomas Westbrook 
was married near Petersburg, Huntingdon 
county, to Mary E., daughter of Henry and 
Mary Hefreight, natives of Germany, but for 
many yrar- residents of Huntingdon cnuiitv. 
Of til. 'ir iiiiir rhildren, four are di-ra-.Ml : Wil- 
liam Lc\vi>: i'niiik; Annie; Katr; and Clara. 
The survivors are: John H. and George B., 
of Huntingdon; James R., of Pottsville, Pa.; 
Mary E. (Mrs. John Conrad), of Port Wayne, 
Ind., and Margaret (Mrs. Robert Sampson), 
residing in Colorado. The family attend the 
Metliodist Episcopal church. 

D. STERRETT DRAKE, manager of the 
Bell Telephone Company, and of the Drake 
Cycle and Electric Company, of Huntingdon, 
was born near Drake's Ferry, Wayne town- 
ship, Mifflin county, Pa., September 6, 1854, 
and is a son of the late Thomas I. and Kathar- 
ine (Wharton) Drake, a grandson of James 
Drake and a great-grandson of Samuel Drake, 
Sr., of Drake's Ferry, in J'ack's Xarrows, 
Ciimberland, now Huntingdon county. 

The present Drake family are of Scotch- 
Irish descent and trace their probable lineage 
back to the family of Sir Francis Drake, the 
celebrated English admiral. Three of his 
nephews, Francis, James and William Drake, 
came to America about the year 1700, and 
sailed into the mouth of the James river, 
Francis settling in the Carolinas, James in 
Virginia and William in Xew Jersey, from 

whence the Drakes came to this section and 
were among the early settlers. 

Samuel Drake, Sr., great-grandfather of D. 
S. Drake, served in the Revolutionary war, 
after which he established Drake's ferry in 
the year 1783, and took up his residence there. 
Little is now known of the early history of 
Samuel Drake, who was born in the State of 
New Jersey about the year 1754. He was 
endowed with rare native energy and unfail- 
ing perseverance, but his opportunities for 
educational improvement were meager; he 
was, indeed, a self-educated man. The es- 
tablishment of the ferry was a notable enter- 
jjrise; it has since been a prominent land- 
mark, and -was then the only crossing place 
over the Jiuiiata river providi'il f(,r the travel- 
ing jDublic on the great I linnni-lifare from 
Standing Stone (now lhnitiiigd..u, Pa.) to 
Chambei'sburg, Hagerstown, Harper's Ferry 
and Baltimore, the jarincipal route of traffic 
during the first quarter of the present century. 
That route was originally an Indian trail, and 
was afterwards used by the traders and 
wagoners. Drake's ferry and tavern or inn 
was a noted stopping place for travelers, who 
generally arrived in the evenings and de- 
parted in the mornings, thus enjoying a night's 
lodging and rest. The tavern and stables were 
on the north side of the river, just west of 
the present county bridge. It was at this 
house that the dispute occurred in 1791 con- 
cci-niug the boundary line of the counties, 
which resulted in the arrest of the sheriii of 
Huntingdon county and his being lodged in 
the MilHin county jail. The ferry was oper- 
ated for many years, and not until the build- 
ing of the canal, about the year 1830, was it 
abandoned. As a token of respect for its day 
•and generation a reference is made to it in 
Fuller's poem on Jack's Xarrows, of which 
we here quote some lines: 

And here a century old to-day — 

Drake's Ferry lives in name '. — 
How bright the story of its years ! 

How far its patrons came I 
What bustling life, what moving wealth 

Confided in the skill 
Of one ti'adition praises well, 

And loves his memory still. 

In 1783 Samuel Drake came into possession 
of 50 acres of land known as the Ferry tract; 
in 1790 he took up 150 acres additional, now 



known as the Matilda Furnace farm. This 
furnace was built in 1836 and named in honor 
of a daughter of Samuel Drake, afterwards 
married to Captain Caldwell, who died in the 
Mexican war from a wound received in the 
attack on the City of Mexico. 

In 1795 Samuel Drake also came into pos- 
session of 95 acres in AYayne township, just 
east of the Fm-nace property. The latter tract 
was later known as his son James Drake's 
homestead farm. In all, he owned upwards 
of 300 acres of land in the Aicinity of Mt. 
Union, Pa., much of which was cleared and 
put under a state of cultivation. He contin- 
ued to run the ferry until his two sons, James 
and Samuel, were old enough to take charge 
of it. They managed it for a number of 
vears, untilSamuel Drake, Jr., moved to the 
Furnace farm. He died about 1827, aged 
about seventv-three years. He was a "Whig, 
and was a member of the Baptist church, ser- 
vices being held in his house. 

Ill 17S2 he married Xancy Hamilton, of 
Holland or low Dutch descent, who was born 
in 1762, and died in 1833, aged seventy-one. 
Their children were: Mary, born 1783, died 
1814, wife of Thomas I. Postlethwaite ; 
James, born 1787, died 1844, who married 
Elizabeth Postlethwaite, a sister of Thomas 
Postlethwaite; Samuel, born in 1801 and died 
in 1867, who married Catharine Baird; 
Katv (Mrs. James Baird); Sallie(Mr3.Mathew 
Glasgoe) ; Rebecca (Mrs. Abram Vandevan- 
der);" Jane (Jlrs. Joseph Colter); Elizabeth 
(Mrs. Peter Cornelius); and a child dro\\Tied 
when about eight years old. The decendants 
of most of thes'e families still reside in this sec- 
tion of the State. 

James Drake, eldest son of Samuel Drake, 
Sr., was born in 1787 at Drake's ferry, 
where he resided until the abandonment 
of the ferry. He received a fairly good 
education in the subscription schools of his 
neighborhood. Assisting with the work of 
the ferry until he was old enough to take 
charge of the same, he continued to run 
it until about 1830, when the construction 
of the canal through the Xarrows took 
])lace, of which he was the first fore- 
man. He then moved to the farm with his 
family, and built the log house which stands 
to this day at the forks of the road at the 
mouth of Long Hollow, just east of the Fur- 
nace property, known as the James Drake 

homestead. Here he lived until his death in 
1844, at the age of iifty-seven years. He was 
a member of the Presbyterian church, and a 
man of very industrious habits; strictly hon- 
est in all his dealings with his fellow-men. He 
was of a delicate constitution, and a great suf- 
ferer from rheumatism all his life. In politics 
he was a Whig. He married Elisabeth, daugh- 
ter of .Thomas I. Postlethwaite, of Wayne 
township, ^Mifflin county, who was born in 
1790 and died in 1854, in her sixty-fifth year. 
To this union twelve children were born, four 
sons and eight daughters, nearly all of whom 
died early in life. Their names were: Jane 
Matilda, wife of Cajitain Caldwell, born m 
1810 and died in 1842; Mary Eebecca (Mrs. 
James Fields), born in 1811, died in 1837; 
and Samuel, born in 1813, died in 1844, mar- 
ried ]\Iary McDowell; Thomas Ir\-in, born in 
1827, died in 1863, married Catharine Whar- 
ton; James, boi-n'in 1832, died about 1877, 
married Mary Hinds, who now resides with 
her family in Iowa. The other members of 
the family died single; their names were: 
John; Xancy: Elizabeth; Arabella; and Jo- 
sephine; all lived to early manhood and wo- 

Thomas I. Drake, father of D. S. Drake, 
born at Drake's Ferry, September 7, 182 7, was 
a son of James and Elisabeth (Postlethwaite) 
Drake. After receiving a good common school 
education, he began life on liis father's farm, 
where he spent his boyhood. At the age of 
twenty-one he enlisted in the United States 
service under Captain Caldwell with a com- 
pany of Wayne guards, and took an active 
part in the Mexican war of 1848; while there 
he contracted limg trouble, was discharged, 
and returned home in very poor health. In 
1853 he man-ied Catharine, daughter of 
James AMiarton, Esq., of Wayne township; 
she was born September 6, lS3-t. They began 
housekeeping on the homestead farm, residing 
there two years. They bought the farm of 
Robert Corbett in Wayne township, residing 
there until his death. As Mr. Drake's health 
was so impaired during his war service as to 
unfit him for M'ork on the farm, he took no 
part in farming, but turned his attention to 
fruit growing and gardening. His orchards 
were of the choicest fruits and his garden al- 
ways disjilayed great attractions. He pos- 
sessed, many qualities of mind and heart that 
endeared him to his fellow-men; was genial 


and hospitable and ever willing to heli^ those 
in need. He was passionately foud of music 
and a sweet singer, and was a consistent mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian chnrch. Mr. Drake 
was a Reirablican, and tilled the offices of road 
sit|3ervisor, tax collector and school director 
of his township. He died in 1803, a_ued 
thirty-six years. Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Drake 
had four children: D. S., of Huntingdon, 
Pa., born in 1S54; Mary E., born in 1S55, 
married to Samuel Galley, a prominent oil 
dealer of Pittsbui'g, Pa. ; James W., born in 
1857, died in infancy; Frank I., born in 1863, 
married to Miss Bella Schaffer, of Middle- 
town, Pa., resides in Jewell City, Kas., where 
he is engaged in the mercantile business. 

D. Sterrett Drake received a good common 
school education and resided with his parents 
until after the death of his father. At the 
age of ele^-en years he made his home with 
liis grandfather, James Wharton, and resided 
with him until, at the age of seventeen, he 
took \\\) telegraphy as a business. He began 
business life in 1871, working first at Mt. 
Union for two years, and laicr at ^•al■i(Ml^ im- 
portant offices on the linr nf flic l'(iiii>\ l\:iliia 
Eailroad, including liarrislmrg, Alilliintuwn, 
Lewistown, Huntingdon, Tyrone and Al- 
toona. At the last-named place he served two 
years in the general superintendent's office. 
In 1880 Mr. Drake moved to Ligonier, "West- 
moreland county, and had charge of the 
Ligonier Valley Railroad for one year. On 
the formation of a company to operate the 
newly invented telephone business, he was 
selected to establish exchanges in Huntingdon 
and Lewistown. Since 1881 he has been con- 
nected with the Central Pennsylvania Tele- 
phone and Supply Company as manager of 
their business in the counties of Huntingdon, 
Bedford, Mifflin and Juniata. 

It deserves to be noted here that at the time 
of the formation of the telephone company, 
no one but electrical men had faith in the 
newly invented machine, which Avas consid- 
ered by many only a toy, and the organization 
had to be effected largely from telegraph men 
of the country. In 1881 D. S. Drake as- 
sumed a jjosition in the Union Bank of Hanit- 
ingdon, Pa., which he held imtil the new 
business established had grown to such an ex- 
tent as to rei|nirc ail <>i his time. During this 
year he started tlic lii.-yide and electrical busi- 
ness also, whicli liad not vet been introduced 

into the county; he was the first person in 
Huntingdon county to purchase a bicycle. By 
constant attention to the lines established, he 
has built up a trade which has become so ex- 
tensive that in 1891 a new building was neces- 
sary to ai-i'iinumidate the growing business, 
when the tlircc-steiry iron front building at 
the ciirner of Sixth and Penn streets waa 
erected for the telephone, cycle and electrical 

D. Sterrett Drake was married, May 21, 
1878, to Elizabeth, daughter of the late Wil- 
liam Iv. Eahm; he was a grandson of Conrad 
Ralim, who came fnmi near Metz, Germany, 
with the Mulli nhri-i r-. and a son of Melchior 
Eahm, of llarri^Uui'ii', who was sheriff of Dau- 
phin county in 1801, and a member of the 
legislature that met in Philadelphia. There 
is to this day jireserved by friends a letter 
vTitten by George Washington to Melchior 
Eahm on some official business. William K. 
Eahm was one of the oldest residents of Hunt- 
ingdon. He was born in Harrisburg in ISOi, 
and was a merchant tailor in Bellefonte, 
Blairsville and Huntingdon, Pa., for a num- 
ber of years. He became a resident of Hunt- 
ingdon in the year 1829. In 1831 he mar- 
ried Jemima, daughter of David ISTewingham, 
an early settler of this jjlace. Elizabeth Eahm 
(Mrs. D. S. Drake) was next to the youngest 
of eleven children. j\Ir. and ]\Irs. D. S. Drake 
have two children: Walter C, born in 1879; 
Gretta M., born in 1881; both members now 
of the high school classes. Walter, being ac- 
tive and energetic, assists during his spare 
time in his father's newly established business. 

ilr. Drake has always voted the Eepublican 
ticket, is a member of the Presbyterian 
church and belongs to the P. O. S. of A. and 
the ilasonic fraternities. 

JOIIX W. KAUFF:MAX, assistant yard- 
master of the Pennsylvania Railroad Com- 
])any at Huntingdon, Pa., was born near Xew 
Bloomfield, Perry county, Pa., November 1, 
1815. He is a son of Daniel and Hannah 
(Shoemaker) Kauffman. Daniel Kauffman 
was born March 13, 1812, in Schuylkill 
county, where he passed the first twenty years 
of his life. He then removed wirh liis ]iarents 
to Perry county. xVbout 1N54 lie todk nj) his 
residence in jMifllin county, and subsequently 
removed to Huntingdon county, where he 
spent the remainder of his life. His wife, 



Hannali Shoeinalver, was born in Perry 
county, Xovember 23, 1813. ^Ir. Kauffman 
learned the trade of shoemaking, but lias 
passed the greater part of his life in farming. 
He died in Jiine, 1871. This coni^le had 
twelve children; five of their family died in 
childhood, four reached maturity, and are now 
deceased, and three still survive: Benjamin 
J., residing near Xe'w^Dort, Perry county, and 
Daniel J., near Huntingdon, both farmers; 
also John W. 

The boyhood of John "W. Kauffman was 
passed under the paternal roof, first iu Perry 
county, afterwards in iliffiin county, whither 
his parents removed when he was seven years 
old. In the schools of Bratton and of Wayne 
townships, in the latter county, he received his 
education. His first work after finishing his 
school course was farming; but when nearly 
sixteen, on February 27, 1S61, he was em- 
ployed by the Pennsylvania Railroad Com- 
pany in the maintenance of way department, 
and continued in that service until August 4, 
1864. On that date he enlisted in the Sixth 
Union League, One Hundred and Xinety- 
eighth Pennsylvania Volunteers, Col. H. G. 
Sickles. Mr. Kauffman participated in eight 
engagements with his regiment, which was at- 
tached to the Army of the Potomac. To that 
regiment was assigned an important part in 
the surrender of General Lee at Appomattox 
Court House, Va.; it was detailed to receive 
the arms from the Confederate infantry. Mr. 
Kauffman was mustered out at Arlington 
Heights, and finally discharged at Camp Cad- 
walader, Philadelphia, June 13, 1SG5, after 
eleven months of faithful service in defense 
of the L'nion. Ten days later he returned to 
his home in Kewtou Hamilton, Mifiliu coimty, 
aoid on July 1, of the same year, 1865, re- 
entered the ser'N'ice of the Pennsylvania Bail- 
road Company in the construction depart- 
ment; after eighteen months in this depart- 
ment he was transferred to the maintenance 
of way department. On August 1, 1870, IMr. 
Kauffman was promoted to the position of 
floating gang foreman, and on April 1, 1871, 
to that of conductor of work train. This po- 
sition he held until August 1, 1877, when he 
was appointed to his present place at Hunting- 
don, and given charge of the wi-ecking crew. 

;Mr. Kauffman served the borough of Hunt- 
ingdon efficiently for three years as council- 
man. He is a Democrat. He is an active 

member of Mount Moriah Lodge, Iso. 300, F. 
and A. M., and of Eobert Simpson Post, Xo. 
44, G. A. E. 

John W. Kauffman was married at McVey- 
town, ]\Iifflin county, Pa., March 21, 1867, 
to Elizabeth, daughter of John F. Cottrell, of 
Shirley townshij), Huntingdon county; she 
was born June 20, 1847. They have three 
children: John F., born at Mapleton, Hunt- 
ingdon coimty, June 11, ISCy, residing in 
Altoona, Pa.; L. Gertrude, born at Maple- 
ton, March 2, 1871, mfe of Eev. C. P. Tif- 
fany, a Methodist preacher in the "Wyoming 
District, Susquehanna county, Pa. ; and Albert 
W., born in Huntingdon, July 27, 1873. The 
family are members of the Presbyterian 

ALEXAXDER ELLIOTT, freight agent 
of the Pennsylvania Eailroad Company at 
Huntingdon, Pa., was born in Indiana county. 
Pa., Xovember 25, 1835. He is a son of 
Benjamin and Jane (Smith) Elliott. His an- 
cestors came from England during the eigh- 
teenth centmy, his paternal grandfather set- 
tling in Himtingdon county, where Benjamin 
Elliott was born in 1790. Benjamin Elliott 
was a tanner, and carried on the business of 
tanning, as well as that of agriculture, iu In- 
diana county. Pa., where he spent the greater 
part of his life. His wife, Jane Smith, was 
born in Indiana county in 1800. They had 
a family of eleven children, nine of whom 
are living: Daniel S., of Philadelphia; James 
B., of Rochester, Indiana; Alexander R. 
Stewart, of Xew Florence, Pa. ; Benjamin, of 
Washington, D. C; Elizabeth, wife of John 
G. Ferguson, residing in Kansas; Rebecca, 
widow of Ephraim Wallace, of Peru, Ind.; 
Amanda M., wife of Robert H. Beatty, of 
Philadelphia; and Mary, mfe of Dr. Andrew 
Lewis, a practising dentist of Xeweastle, Pa. 
Benjamin Elliott died in Westmoreland 
coiinfy in 1858, and Mrs. Elliott at East 
Liberty, near Pittsburg, Pa., in 1885. 

The early years of Alexander Elliott were 
spent in Indiana county. Pa., where he was 
educated iu the common schools. He was 
afterwards a pupil at the academy of Xew- 
eastle, Pa. After spending two years as sales- 
man in a general store, Mr. Elliott became, in 
1856, by appointment of the late Col. Thomas 
A. Scott, assistant in the freight office of the 
P. R. R. at Indiana station. In 1859, he was 





'i'man ■ 
It lias 
• had 

i-(Vi-, I ...iiiiy, and 
ion, both fanners; 

.»,il of John W. KaiifFinan was 
r the patei'nal roof, first in Perry 
iwards in "ilifilin county, wliither 
r(-uiOA'ed whon he was seven vears 
■ schools of Bi-atton and of Wayne 
r. .\i ij.--hips, in the latter county, he received his 
education. His first work after finishing his 
school course was farming; but' when nearly 
sixteen, on February 27, 1S61, he was em- 
ployed by the Pennsylvania Eailroad Com- 
pany in the maintenance of way depart.ment, 
and continued in that service until Augiist 4, 
1S()4. On that date he enlisted in the Sixth 
Union League. One Hundred and Xinety- 
eighth Pennsylvania Volunteers, Col. H. G. 
Sickles. Mr. Kautfman participated in eight 
engagements with his regiment, which was at- 
taclied to the Army of the Potomac. To that 
reguuent was assigned an important part in 
the surrender of General Lee at Appomattox 
Court House, Va.; it was detailed to receive 
-^ "■■^m the Confederate infantry. Mr. 

as mustered out at Arlington 
i finally discharged at Camp Cad- 
iiadelphia, June 13, 1S65, after 
. " s of faithful service in defense 
Ten days later he retm-ned to 
!i Hamilton, Mifflin county, 
the same year, 1865, re- 
ef the Pennsylvania Rail- 
the construction depart- 
tu months in this depart- 
, Ferrer] to the maintenance 
•On Augusta, 1870, Mr. 
laorid to the position of 
.1 on April 1, 1S71, 
rk train. This po- 
,~i,;,.;, • • 1. 1877, when he 

was ni . i place at Hunting- 

don, :iii • i'.K' wTecldng crew, 

ilr. K; • 1 in rough of Hunt- 

ingdon eli '' years as council- 

iiiau. He He is an active 

rncmlK'r of Moimt Al^naii J.i'.li,iV- >o :^on, 1 . 
and A. M., and of Robert Simpson Post, N". 
44. G. A. R. 

John W. lijiuffman was married at McVey- 
town, .Mitilin county, Pa., IMarcU 21, 1867, 
to Elizabeth, daughter of John F. Cottrell, of 
Shirley tOMiiship, Huntingdon county; she 
was born June 20, 1847. . They have three 
children: John F., boi-n at iUjileton. Hunt- 
ingdon coimty, June 11, isje^i. residing in 
Alto.'iu V:^.: L. Gertrude, boru at Maple- 
ton, 71, wife of Rev. C. P. Tif- 
fany [ireacher in the Wyoming 
Di.-: na county, Pa. ; and Albert 
W., -don, July 27, 1873. The 
fan/ rs of the Presbyterian 

of ■ 

cestors can ■ 
teenth cenr^ 
tlingin Hn 
Elliott war i 
was a tanner, at> 
tanning, as well .i 
diana couiity, Pa. 
part of his life, 
bom in Indiana 
a family <-* ' ■ 
are living: 
B., of R.. 
Stewart, of \i ■- 
Washington, r>. • 
G. Ferguson, r. 
widow of i 
Amanda T\i , 
Lewis, a p; 
Benjamin : 
county in !>"!>. 
Liberty, near Pit 

The early year- 
spent in Indiana 
educated in the 
afterwards a pu]i: 
castle, Pa. Aftei 
man in a genorpl 
ISTifi, by ajM 
A. Scott, a- 
P. R. R. ai 

T.IOTT, freight agent 

lilroad Company at 

!i in Indiana county. 

He is a son of 

;i) Elliott. His an- 

/id during the eigh- 

' rnndfather set- 

ivc Benjamin 

■v.i-i Elliott 

i -s-^ of 

, n Tn- 

; ',111 
■ -a. 
V. of 
, Pa. 


-t ihc 
e was 



transferred to Manor station as passenger and 
freight agent, and to Huntingdon, June 1, 
1865, as freight agent. Since the latter date, 
he has been a continuous resident of the bor- 
ough, efficiently performing the duties of his 
office. He has always taken an active and in- 
fluential part in local affairs, working for the 
welfare and improvement of the borough, in 
which he is deeply interested, as one of its 
most extensive property owners. He has act- 
ed as treasurer of a number of organizations 
especially designed to promote local improve- 
ment. Mr. Elliott is a Past Master of Mount 
Moriah Lodge, Xo. 300, F. and A. M. ; Past 
High Priest of Standing Stone Chapter, No. 
201, E. A. M. ; Past Eminent Commander of 
Huntingdon Commandery, ]^o. 65, K. T., and 
at present District Deputy Grand Master of 
the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania for the 
counties of Huntingdon and Bedford and part 
of Blair. He is a Republican, and has served 
the borough in the offices of school director 
and burgess. 

Alexander Elliott was first married in In- 
diana, Pa., to Mary E., daughter of Ephraim 
and Elizabeth Carpenter, old settlers of In- 
diana, where Mr. Carpenter was a prominent 
member of the bar. Mr. and Mrs. Elliott had 
three children: Leonard C, now chief clerk 
in the freight department, P. P. P., at Hunt- 
ingdon; Gertrude E. (Mrs. A. L. Schreiber), 
of Oakland, Cal.; and Bessie C. (Mrs. B. 
Frank Royer), residing in Philadelphia, 
where Mr. Royer is largely engaged in the 
iron business. Mr. Elliott was married the 
second time in Philadel]ihia to Mrs. Emma 
(Desha) Coolidge, of Philadelphia, a daugh- 
ter of the late General Desha, of Alabama. 
Mr. Elliott is a member of the Presliyterian 
church at Huntino-don. 

JOHiST M. LAIRD, manufacturer of mal- 
leable iron, Huntingdon, Pa., was born at 
Spruce Creek, HiTutingdon county, Decem- 
ber 9, 1862. He is a son of Osborne and Rosa 
(Leffard) Laird, natives of Alexandria, Hunt- 
ingdon count}' ; the father is deceased, but the 
mother still survives. 

John M. Laird was educated in the com- 
mon schools of his native to\vnship, and learn- 
ed at Spruce Creek the trade of a tinsmith. 
He came to Huntingdon at the age of four- 
teen, and followed that calling for three years 
in the employ of his brother. At the end of 

that time, he engaged in the business for him- 
self, and was rewarded with success. In 1894 
Mr. Laird sold out his business to Mr. B. F. 
Fink. Since that time he has been occupied 
with the manufacture of iron articles, patent- 
ed horse shoes, snow irons, etc., and is the 
inventor of a new process for manufacturing 
malleable iron to be used in the manufacture 
of this merchandise. Mr. Laird is liberal in 
his political views. 

In April, ISSO, John M. Laird was mar- 
ried at Trough Creek, Huntingdon county, 
to Hattie A., daughter of Daniel Fink. They 
have two children, Frank and Ray Milton. 
The family attend the Baptist cluu-ch. 

MARTIX GRUBE, JR., Huntingdon, 
Huntingdon county. Pa., was born in Done- 
gal township, Lancaster county, Pa., August 
22, 1861. He is a son of Martin and Sarah 
(Lytell) Grube, both natives of Lancaster 
county, where the former was born August 
5, 1837, and the latter August 31, 1837. 
They were united in marriage ISTovember 22, 
1859, removed to Huntingdon county in 
1866, and resided at Mount Union, 'where 
Mrs. Grube died January 19, 1871. Martin 
Grube, Sr., died Huntingdon, Januarv 2, 

The building now in use by Martin Grube, 
Jr., for his business as a wholesale dealer in 
whiskeys, in bond, and tax paid, is situated 
in Huntingdon, and was built by Richard 
Langdon in 1874, and used by him as a dis- 
tillery for about a year. In 1875 it was 
leased by Martin Grube, Sr., who carried on 
the distillery business there during the rest 
of his life. From January 2, 1884, until May 
1, 1888, the business was conducted by Mar- 
tin Grube, Jr., who was on the latter date re- 
fused a renewal of his license. Three years 
later, in 1891, finding it impossible to prevent 
the importation of liquors into the county, 
the authorities again granted a license to Mr. 
Grube, April 1, 1891, since which date he 
has continuously carried on the business. The 
premises are well ordered and complete in 
every department, the proprietor exercising 
close personal supervision over every detail; 
they are equipped with every appliance and 
facility for the accommodation and preserva- 
tion of his choice and valuable stock, which is 
imrivalled for quality, purity, flavor and gen- 
eral excellence. The whiskeys of this popu- 



lar and responsible lioiise are noted for their 
pnre and even quality, possessing a natural 
flavor and fine tonic properties, and are sold 
under a guarantee to give perfect satisfaction. 
These splendid whiskeys are sold free and in 
bond, large quantities being allowed to remain 
and mature until required for the demands of 
the trade. All orders receive immediate at- 
tention, customers being assured of finding an 
excellent article and satisfactory treatment. 
Mr. Grube is a thoroughly practical and ex- 
perienced business man, enterprising, pro- 
gressive and entirely reliable in all his busi- 
ness transactions. 

HEXKY D. EEINERS, wholesale dealer, 
bottler and carbonator, was born in Xew York 
City, February 26, 1858. He is a son of 
Eobert and Wubke (Seekamp) lieiners, na- 
tives of Hanover, Germany. Kobert Eeiners 
was born July 12, 1819. They had five chil- 
dren, of whom three are now li^ang : John R. 
and Martha G., residing in Brooklyn; and 
Henry D., of Himtingdon. The father still 
resides in Brooklyn, X. Y., where he has for 
years lived a retired life. 

Henry D. Eeiners, dm-ing his lioyhood, 
lived in Xew York and Brooklyn ; he was edu- 
cated in the public and private schools of 
Brookljai, and at Packard's College, Xew 
York City. His school course ended, he was 
engaged as a receiving clerk in a wholesale 
grocery house in Xew York City; he served 
in this capacity for five years, and afterwards 
five years more as salesman. At the end of 
this time, Mr. Eeiners spent six months in 
Europe. On his return, in January, 1885, he 
became a resident of Huntingdon, and com- 
menced here the business which he still car- 
ries on. In politics he is not bound to any 
party, but is independent. 

Henry D. Eeiners was married in Pauld- 
ing, Paulding countv, Ohio, October 12, 
1887, to Grar.. T... d'anoliter of Charles E. 
and Emma (lInlinnilMi Cooke, of that place. 
They have one -on. ( ■harks Eobert, born Feb- 
riiary 8, 1890. The family attend the Pres- 
bvterian church. 

who settled in Allegheny City in 18-18, and 
spent there the remainder of their lives. John 
Bert was a staunch Eepublican, and active in 
political matters. He was for fourteen years 
a school director in the Seventh ward, Alle- 
gheny City, apd was president of the board 
when his death occurred, June 6, ISSl. Mrs. 
Bert died February 22, 1895. 

George D. Bert was educated in the com- 
mon schools of Allegheny City. After leav- 
ing school, he was employed as errand boy in 
a merchant tailor's establishment. He next 
learned cigarmaking Avith his father, and was 
in that business for eight years. For four 
years, beginning Avith 1877, Mr. Bert was em- 
ployed as a keeper in the Allegheny county 
workhouse; he Avas then promoted to deputy 
superintendent, and held that place until 
1892, during which year he AA-as in the employ 
of the P. E. E. Co. He has l>een connected 
"with the Eeformatory at Huntingdon siuc;- 
August, 1893. 

Mr. Bert is a Eepublican. He served one 
term as justice of the peace of O'Hara toAvn- 
ship, Allegheny county, and during the same 
time served also as deputy coroner. He is a 
member of Granite Lodge, Xo. 652, I. O. O. 
F., Allegheny City, Pa.'' 

George D. Bert Avas married in Allegheny 
City, June 6, 1872, to Louisa, daughter of 
James and Elizabeth Bulk. They have had 
seven children; one died in infancy. They 
were as folloAA-s: Augusta; Louisa; AMna; 
Elizabeth; Jennie; Isabella; and John. The 
familv attend the Lutheran church. 

GEOEGE D. BEET, assistant suj^erinten- 
dciit of the Pennsylvania Industrial Eeform- 
atory, was born in Allegheny City, April 4, 
1852, the only child of John and Mina 
(Whipka) Bert, both natives of Germany. 

clerk and secretary, Pennsylvania Industrial 
Eeformatory, Huntingdon, Pa.. Avas born in 
Boston, Mass., December 30, 1842. Fie is a 
son of George and Clementina F. (Coffin) 
Odiorne. George Odiorne Avas born at Xan- 
tucket, Mass., July 31, 1814. He was Avell- 
knoATO in public life, having been for many 
years a councilman of the city of Boston, and 
haAang also sat in the State Senate. He Avas 
extensiA'ely engaged in contracting and in 
land operations; he held. the contract for the 
filling in of Back Bay, and was thus entitled 
to the gratitude of Bostonians for his efiicient 
assistance in rendering that locality one of 
the most attractive ]>lac-cs of residence in their 
city. Mrs. (uor^v ( )(lioviie Avas born at Cape 
Ann, Mass., 1 )i'crnibcr j;i, 1816; like her bus- 


band, she spent her entire life in the vicinit\ 
of her birthplace. They had ten children, of 
whom two died in infancy, and the remaining 
eight attained mature age, and married, as 
follows: Mary Louisa, born January 23, 1841, 
is the widow of Horace Stebbins, and resides 
in South Orange, X. J. ; Walter Coffin, John 
Fisher, born December 6, IS-lo, resides in 
Elizabeth, jST. J., and is a partner with "Wor- 
man, Simons & Co., umbrella manufacturers; 
Annie C, born September 30, 18-48, is the 
widow of Horace Homer, resides in Boston; 
George F., born April 6, 1851, manager 
Plaiiiiichl ("'iiiii'ier, residence Plainfield, X. 
J.; Jl..\v;inl I.Miigdon, born August IS, 1853, 
resi<lrs ar j-'loronce, S. C, is president of a 
cotton-seed oil establishment; Frank H., bora 
August 11, 1855, died February 15, 1895, 
his Avidow resides at Elizabeth, N. J. ; Mabel, 
born September 1, 1857, is the wife of Frank- 
lin Rolfe, and resides at Winchester, Mass., 
Mr. Rolfe being engaged in the wholesale 
fruit business in Boston. Mrs. George Odi- 
orne died in Boston, December 12, ISilO, and 
her husband in the same eitv. Xoveniber IS, 

The life of Walter Coffin Odiorue has been 
largely one of travel and vicissitude, involv- 
ing many and varied experiences. After the 
comijletion of his education in the excellent 
public schools of his native city, Boston, he 
was for a short time a salesman with Edward 
Xichols (t Richards, wholesale dry goods and 
notions; but in his seventeenth year, on March 
17, 1859, he sailed from the old historic city 
on the shijo Mameluke, for the then still new 
land of California; the vessel was bound 
"around the Horn." Arriving at San Fran- 
cisco, he first went with a messmate to the 
southern gold mines to visit some relatives of 
the latter. After a stay of about three months 
in California, the young traveler went to 
A^'ashington Territory, and on his return to 
San Francisco, took passage for Liverpool, 
England. Two months were passed in Eng- 
land, and then, on a sailing vessel, he returned 
to his native land, reaching Xew York just 
after Fort Sumter had been fired upon. Two 
years of travel had not lessened his predilec- 
tion for the sea, and he promptly decided to 
volunteer in the \J. S. Xaval Service. An ap- 
]ilication to the Secretary of the Xavy brought 
him the appointment of master's mate, with 
orders to join the U. S. steamship Cambridge 

at Charlestown Xavy Yard, bound for per- 
vice in the Xortli Atlantic squadron. AVith 
this squadron he was connected until April 
21, 1863. In Xovember, 1862, Mr. Odiorne 
was captured and contined in Liliby Prison 
for four weeks; he was tlicu cxclianged. His 
promotion to acting ensign 1. illnwcd, and his 
transfer to the United vStarts >rc:iiiislii2) Wis- 
sahickou, of the South Atlantic squadron; this 
vessel lay off the harbor of Charleston, S. C, 
during most of the time, until that city was 
captured. Before that time, on May 24, 1864, 
Mr. Odiorne was appointed to the mortar 
schooner T. A. Ward, of which vessel he had 
command for the greater part of the time that 
he was aboard of her. After peace was de- 
clared, he brought this schooner to the Xavy 
Yard at Kittery, Me., and was granted leave 
of absence. FEe was afterwards ordered to 
Xorfolk, Ya. ; and there Mr. Odiorne resigned 
his commission, after a service of four years, 
se\-en months and eight days. 

From that time imtil 1S69, Mr. Oiliorne 
was in Cincinnati, O., in charge of an exten- 
siA'e wholesale notion house. At that date he 
engaged in the same business in Baltimore, 
Md., but continued there only until 1870, 
when he sold out and went to Philadeliihia. • 
One year he spent in that city, in the manu- 
facture of brush blocks .and brushes; in 1871, 
he went to Boston, and became a partner in a 
mercantile enterprise with his brother George. 
In the following year, without giving up his 
interest in this business, he went ]\Iuirkirk, 
Md., and engaged in a branch of the iron busi- 
ness ; during his absence from Boston, his stock 
and business there were swept away by the dis- 
astroTis fire of 1873. He continued in the iron 
business for thirteen years, and was secretary 
and treasurer of the company. In 1885, Mr. 
Odiorne sold out his interest in that concern, 
and in the following year, in connection with 
others, took a contract for bnishes to be made 
in the Xew Jersey State Prison; this Ijusiuess 
he conducted with success for three years. In 
18S9, however, he was unsuccessful in renew- 
ing the contract, and came to the Huntingdon 
Reformatory. There being at that place no 
buildings of the caj^acity requisite for carry- 
ing on the brush manufacture. ^Ir. Odiorne 
was obliged to store his plant until such time 
as the necessary additions could be made. He 
went to Philadelphia, and remained there un- 
til early in 1890, when he was appointed by 



Major ilcClaiiglirv to bis jDresent position. 
Mr. Odiorne is a member of George Simpson 
Post, Xo. 44, G. A. E., of Huntingdon; of 
Washington Council, P. 0. S. of A.; of the 
Lojal Legion of U. S. A. ; Philadelphia Com- 
mandery, Xo. 3818, of Philadelphia; of this 
organization his son also is a member. He is 
a Pepublican. 

"Walter C. Odiorae was married in Cin- 
cinnati, January 23, 1867, to Hannah W., 
daughter of Joseph and Martha "W. Jones, of 
Philadelphia, Pa. They have had ten chil- 
dren, of whom two died in childhood. They 
are as follows: "Walter Jones; Marie Louise; 
Ethel Maude (Mrs. William H. Sears), of 
Huntingdon; Clement Coffin, died August 
29, 1878, and Clementina Foster, twins; 
Langdon Coffin ; Annette Rumf ord ; Hannah 
Walker, died January 4, 1884; George Bige- 
low; and Alfred Joseph. Mr. and Mrs. 
Odiorne and their family are connected with 
the First Baptist church, Himtingdon. 

chaplain Pennsylvania Industrial Reforma- 
tory, Huntingdon, Pa., was born in South 
Coventry township, Chester county, Pa., 
August 19, 1844. He was the son of Chris- 
tian and Rebecca L. (Lindemau) Forgeus, na- 
tives of Chester county. The ancestry of both 
parents was German; the father of Christian 
Forgeus was a Hessian soldier who deserted 
during the Revolution to the American side, 
and afterwards settled in Chester county; his 
wife's family had already settled in Mont- 
gomery county before the war began. Chris- 
tian Forgeus was engaged in mercantile busi- 
ness in Chester county, and in that county 
and in Berks, the worthy couple spent their 
entire lives. Their only child was Solomon 
F. The father died in Berks county, in 1855, 
and the mother in South Coventry township, 
Chester county, in September, 1881. 

The earliest years of Solomon F. Forgeus 
were spent in South Coventry township. 
After the removal of the family to Berks 
county, he attended the public schools of 
Reading for some time. After the death of his 
father, he retiu-ned Avith his mother to Chester 
county, where they resided in West Yincent 
tOAvnship, and his education in elementary 
branches was carried on in the connnon 
schools of their neighl>orhood. In 1861 he en- 
tered Conoquenessing Academy, at Zelien(i])le, 

Butler county, and remained there until Au- 
gust 7, lt>62, when he enlisted as a private in 
Company C, One Hundred and Thirty-fourth 
Pennsylvania Volunteers. He served until 
May 27, 1863, when his term of enlistment 
expired, and he returned home; but on Janu- 
ary 4, 1864, he re-enlisted, in Battery C, 
Third Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery, and 
served imtil June 5, 1S65. He was on that 
day commissioned second lieutenant in the 
Xinth LT. S. Col'd Troops, was subsequently 
pi'omoted to first lieutenant and to adjutant, 
and finally received his discharge at Balti- 
more, Md., December 19, 1866. 

In the autumn of 1867, Mr. Forgeus en- 
tered the preparatory department of the Uni- 
versity at Lewisburg, now Bucknell, from 
which he was graduated June 25, 1872. His 
education was further completed by certain 
semesters passed at Cornell University, Itha- 
ca, X. Y. He now entered Crozer Theologi- 
cal Seminary, at Chester, Delaware county, 
Pa., in September, 1872, and graduated, after 
a full three years' course, in May, 1875. Hav- 
ing been called to the pastorate of the Baptist 
church at Tunkhannock, W^yoming county. 
Pa., Mr. Forgeus was ordained to the ministry 
of that denomination in Tunkhannock, Au- 
giist 12, 1875. In June, 1878, he left that 
jDlace to take charge of the Clark's Green and 
Bethel churches, having his residence a\ 
Clark's Green, Lackawanna county. Pa. Xine 
months later he exchanged the pastorate of 
the Bethel church for that of the church at 
Dunnings, Pa., to which place he removed 
May 1, 1881. On October 1, 1881, Rev. Mr. 
Forgeus became pastor of Logan's Valley 
church, Bellwood, Blair county. Pa., where 
he remained imtil he entered upon his pres- 
ent duties, July 1, 1892. 

At Bellwood, Mr. Forgeus served four 
years as school director. He is a member of 
Sanford F. Byers Post, Xo. 462, G. A. R., of 
Bellwood; of Washington Camp, X'o. 321, P. 
O. S. of A.; and of Altoona Conclave. Xo. 
132, I. O. H., of Altoona. During his minis- 
terial life, he has served as secretary of nu- 
merous church organizations; he is still sec- 
retary of the State Ministerial t'nion, clerk 
of the Centre Ba^rtist Association, and vice 
president of the Baptist State [Missionary So- 
ciety; this last position he has filled for a num- 
ber of years. 

Rev. Solomon F. Forgeus was married at 
Lewislmro-, Pa., October 28, 1875, to Ida, 



daughter of Andrew aud Catharine Kennedy, 
of Lancaster county, Pa. They have five chil- 
dren: Susan, born May 16, 1877; Eoyal, May 
3, 1880; Margaret E.,' January 2, 1882; Eliza- 
beth, March 31, 1SS5; and Helen, March 3, 
1894. In June, 1896, 31r. Forgeus received 
the degree of Doctor of Divinity from his 
Alma Mater. 

JOIiX 11. LIKEXS, moral instructor, 
Pennsylvania Industrial lu-funiiafMry, Hunt- 
ingdon, Pa., was li'Tii ill M iiMlir.iwii. Dau- 
phin county. Pa., 1 )c< 1>, 1>4:;. He is 
a son of Isaac and Mary (Hiester) Likens. 
Isaac Likens was born in Berks county. Pa., 
he was a master miner, and spent a great part 
of his life in Blair county. Mrs. Likens is a 
native of Dauphin county, born February 24, 
1824. They had fifteen children; six died in 
childhood. Those surviving are: John H., of 
Huntingdon, Pa.; Adeline (Mrs. Charles 
Boone), of Altoona, Pa., deceased; Eliza 
Jane, wife of Thomas Bookhammer. of Hus- 
ton township; Harry H., of Martinsburg, 
Blair county; Archibald M., of Xewry, Blair 
county; Eobert D., of Martinsburg, Blair 
county; Sallie C. (Mrs. Eli D- Smith), of Hus- 
ton township; Blair C, of Erankstown, Blair 
county. [Mr. Isaac Likens died near Martins- 
burg, June 21, 1881; Mrs. Likens is in ex- 
cellent health at the age of seventy-two, and 
resides at Morrell, Blair county. 

John H. Likens was but two years old when 
his parents removed to Blair county. He was 
educated in the public schools of Huston 
township, studying afterwards at Martinsburg 
Collegiate Institute. At the time of leaving 
school he had already acquired some experi- 
ence 'as a teacher, during the last three years 
of his course of study. It was then not alto- 
gether as a novice that he entered iipon the 
duties of his chosen profession, that of teach- 
ing, in the Blair county schools. His ability, 
diligence and faithfulness are fully attested 
by his re-election, year after year, for nearly 
a quarter of a century, and his election at 
length, in 1884, to the responsible post of 
county superintendent of schools. After six 
years of efficient service in that position, he 
received, in 1890, his appointment as moral 
instructor in the Pennsylvania Industrial Ee- 
formatory. Mr. Likens also rendered good 
service as a justice of the peace in Blair coun- 
ty, lie is a Eopublican. The fraternities 

that claim him as a member are: Portage 
Lodge, Xo. 351, F. and A. M., of Hollidays- 
burg, Blair county; Orjihans, Home Lodge, 
No. 315, L O. O.'F., of Williamsburg, Pa.; 
the Ancient Order of United Workmen; G. 
W. Weaver Castle, K. of G. E., and the Good 

John H. Likens was married in Martins- 
burg, Blair county, May 20, 1869, to Lu- 
cinda, daughter of Thomas and Jane Loudon, 
now residents of Williamsburg, Pa. Mr. and 
Mrs. Likens have seven children: Alva G. ; 
Jennie P.; Mary B. (Mrs. Joseph S. .Miller), 
of Pittsbin-g, Pa.; Homer B. ; Edna May; 
Ilattie Grace; and John Loudon. Mr. Likens 
and his family attend the Lutheran church. 

physician at Pennsylvania Industrial Ee- 
formatory, Huntingdon, Pa., was born at 
Hughesville, Lycoming county. Pa., Septem- 
ber 8, 1871. He is a son of George Clinton 
and Sarah Emma (Kistner) Frontz, both na- 
ti\-es of Lycoming county, Pa. George C. 
Frontz was born December 7, 1841, and died 
JTily 22, 1880; he was in business as a mer- 
chant in Hughesville, where the greater part 
of his life was j^assed. Mrs. Frontz was born 
September 15, 1845, and died July 17, 1883. 
Their family consists of five-sons, all of whom 
are living: Harry Kistner, a practicing den- 
tist of Montgomery, Lycoming county; Cyi'us 
Benjamin, also practicing dentistry at Wilkes- 
Barre, Pa.; Dr. Howard Clinton, Chalmers 
Eugene, a student for the ministry of the Lu- 
theran church; Jacob Arthiir, at present at- 
tending Imsiness college at Scranton, Pa. 

Dr. Howard Clinton Frontz received his 
early education in the public schools of his 
native town. In 1887, he entered the pre- 
paratory department of Pennsylvania College, 
Gettysburg, Pa. A year later he entered the 
college, where he studied until December, 
1889. From that date until the fall of 1891, 
he was in the employ of the Williamsport & 
Xorth Branch E. E. Co. He entered the 
Medical Department of the University of 
Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa., from which 
he graduated in June, 1894. Soon after that 
date, he became resident physician of the city 
hospital at Williamsport, Pa., where he re- 
mained until elected, January 1, 1895, to his 
present position. The Doctor belongs to the 
college fraternity known as .Mjilia Tau 


Omega. His political opinions are Ec]:ml:)li- 

Dr. Howard C. Frontz was married at 
Hugliesville, December 5, 1S95, to Agues 
Montgomery, daughter of Christian and 
Sai'ah (Zarr) Springer, of that place. He at- 
tends the Lutheran eluireh. 

JOSEPH H. LAXCr, steward at the Penn- 
sylvania Industrial Keformatorj, at Hunting- 
don, was born near Williamsburg, Blair 
county, Pa., March 8, 1863, and is the eldest 
son of "Washington and Martha (Snyder) 
Lang. Washington Lang was bom in Hunt- 
ingdon coimty, December 23, 1833, and his 
Trife in Walker township, in the same county, 
January 20, 1839; she died April 30, 1882. 
AYashiiiLiti.ii I.ani: \v:i> in lnisi]io-;s as a butcher 
in 3Ii-( 'iiiiiiiH-tiiw 11, Iluiitingdon county, 
where he still reside;. He was also for some 
time in the hotel business in same place. Of 
the twelve children of these parents, nine are 
living: Annie (Mrs. Abner S. Lloyd), Hunt- 
ingdon; Joseph H., employed as steward at 
the Keformatory; Harry; Gring; Xaomi (Mrs. 
John Ward); Whitmore; Margaret (Mrs. 
Thomas Heffner); Stewart; and Galbraith; all 
except Mrs. Lloyd and Joseph H. residing at 
McConnellstown, Pa. 

Joseph PL Lang was brought by his parents 
to McConnellstown when a child, and there 
received his education in the common schools. 
Por some years after leaving school he en- 
gaged with his father in butchering. After 
his marriage he was associated with E. A. 
Eamsey as one of the proprietors of the Wash- 
ington House, and later of the Hotel Bruns- 
wick. Mr. Lang has been connected with the 
Eeformatory since May 10, 1889, at which 
time he was engaged as turnkey, but in April, 
1891, he was promoted to chief steward, 
which position he continues to hold. In point 
of service he is among the oldest officers con- 
nected with the institution. He is an active 
member of the K. G. E., of Huntingdon. 
Politically he is a Eepiiblican. 

Joseph H. Lang was married in Hunting- 
don, September 1.5, 1887, to Gertrude Wal- 
lace, daughter of Eobert A. and Elizabeth S. 
Eamsey. Both he and his wife are members 
of the Eeformcd cliiircli. I'hey have no chil- 

EOBEET A. EAMSEY, Huntingdon, 
Pa., was born in Manor Hill, Huntingdon 
county. Pa., September 11, 1833. He is the 
second. son of David and Elizabeth (Hennen) 
Eamsey. David Eamsey was born in Frank- 
lin county. Pa., June 9, 1801, and died at 
Manor Hill May 25, 1882. Elizabeth (Hen- 
nen) Eamsey was born in Barree township, 
Huntingdon county, June 29, 1806, and died 
in West township, of the same county, Sep- 
tember 17, 1855. Their children were: Wil- 
liam; Eobert A.; James; Elizabeth E.; Mary 
L. ; and a daughter who died in infancy. 

Eobert A. Eamsey attended the common 
schools of Manor Hill, and later, Mooresville 
Collegiate Institute and the State Normal 
School at Millersville, Lancaster county. Pa. 
He commenced teaching in 1850 in Barree 
township, and is at present engaged at Cedar 
Grove, Logan to^vnship. In point of years, he 
is the oldest teacher in actual service in Himt- 
ingdon county. 

He was married to Elizabeth Smith Logan 
of Barree township, on December 21, 1861. 
Of the five children of these parents, three are 
living: Mary Florence (Mrs. E. M. Peightal); 
Gertrude Wallace (]Mrs. J.-H. Lang, of Hunt- 
ingdon) ; Cora Carmon (Mrs Howard W. Af- 
rica); Patty H., died May 25, 1884; and Ada 
S., died May 26, 1881."' Mrs. Eamsey, the 
mother of these children, died October 25, 

In partnership with Mr. J. H. Lang, Mr. 
Eamsey conducted the Washington House in 
Huntingdon from the first of April, 1888, 
until the 1st of April, 1891, and the Hotel 
Brunswick from the latter date until the 1st 
of April, 1892. Eobert A. Eamsey is a past 
chief in Standing Stone Castle, No. 176, of 
Huntingdon, and a member of Juniata Com- 
manderv, a branch of the same organization. 

CHAELES W. COLOXY, master me- 
chanic, Pennsylvania Industrial Eeformatory, 
Huntingdon, Pa., was born in Janesville, 
Eock county, Wisconsin, December 31, 1848. 
He is a son of George and Charlotte (ISToble) 
Colony. George Colony was a native of Al- 
bany, N. Y., born in 1811. He was a con- 
tracting mason. His wife was born in Erie 
county. Pa., from which county they went to 
Wisconsin in 1848. Of their thirteen chil- 
dren, only four survive: Charles W. ; Oliver, 
C, in the tobacco business in Evansville, 



Wis.; Frederick E., a practising pliysician of 
Evansville; and John Lowry, supposed to be 
residing in Chicago. Mr. and ilrs. George 
Colony both died in Jauesville, Wis; the for- 
mer January 1, 1883, the latter in AjDril 1868. 

Charles W. Colony was brought up in 
Janesville, Wis., and received his education 
in the public schools of that place. For a few 
years after he left school he was employed in 
his father's business. He afterwards learned 
the trade of a machinist. He is thoroughly 
grounded in this business, and has much prac- 
tical experience, having sei'ved both as a 
steamboat and stationary engineer for the U. 
S. Government at Baltimore, Md. For one 
year he had charge of the boys, of their quar- 
ters and of the strain bratiim- ilrpai-tment in 
the Indian 'I'minin,- Srl„„,l ai Carlisle, Pa. 
He has etKcimtly filled his present po'^ition 
since April 20, 1890. Mr. Colony is a naem- 
ber of Juniata Lodge, ISTo. 177, I. O. O. F., 
Huntingdon, and of Goodwill Council, Xo. 
42, Jr. O. U. A. ]^r., at T^Toue. He is a 

Charles W. Colony was maniei] in r.alti- 
more, Md., in April, 1860. t.. Marv .l,.-ep!iine, 
daughter of Julius and Catherine Mareelerre. 
They have two children: Guy Henry, liorn 
in 1870, and Fay Elmer, born" in 1880. The 
family are members of the Methodist Episco- 
pal church. 

tary instructor and chief of Bureau of Identi- 
fication, Pennsylvania Industrial Reforma- 
tory, Huntingdon, Pa., was born in North 
Sydney, Australia, February 23, 181:5. He 
is a son of John and Isabella (Young) Blain, 
the former a native of Belfast, Ireland, the 
latter of Ayrshire, Scotland. Mrs. Blain died 
in Philadelphia, in 1859. Her husband, John 
Blain, Sr., resides in Norfolk, Va. While 
their son, John Blain, Jr., was still a child, 
they removed t'rtnii Australia td llelfast, Ire- 
land, and alxMii Isr.i' emi-rate.l t.. America. 
They took up their ivsi.l'nee in Philadelphia, 
Pa., where the Captain was educated; he is 
a gTaduate of the Philadelphia High School. 
His first business engagement was as salesman 
in a grocery store, where for seven years he 
acquired practical knowledge of both 
branches of ihe business, wholesale and re- 
tail. On ilay :;(). |m;i, lie enlisted in Com- 
pany F, First Uegiineiit. P. R. V. C, as a pri- 

vate; he was afterwards promoted to first ser- 
geant. He served in this regiment until 1864; 
re-enlisted the same year and was transferred 
to the One Hundred and Ninetieth Pennsyl- 
vania Volunteer Veterans as first sergeant of 
Company H. He served in this regiment un- 
til August, 1864, when he was taken prisoner, 
and sent to Salisbury, N. C. ; he was confined 
there until March 2, 1865, the date of his re- 
lease. He returned to his regiment, and 
served until the close of the war; was mus- 
tered out and finally discharged at Harris- 
burg, in May, 1865, after four years of faith- 
ful service. During this time. Captain Blain 
took part with his regiment in almost all of 
the most important engagements of the Re- 
bellion; he was three times wnnmled. 

Broken in health by the taiiuni'- and suf- 
ferings of war, but most by tlie hardships of 
captivity. Captain Blain went to Europe to 
recruit his exhausted system. After a resi- 
dence of two years abroad, he returned to 
America, and in 1873 was appointed teacher 
in the Reform School at Washington, D. C. 
He filled that position efficiently for about 
two years and a half, and was then appointed 
teacher and family oificcr at the Reform 
School, Jamesburg, N. J., where he remained 
over four years. Then, his health failing, 
Captain Blain resigned his position, and was 
for a year engaged in farming in northern 
New York. In 1878 he was appointed officer 
and teacher at the Morganza Reform School, 
Morganza, Pa. He was there until May 1, 
1889, and two weeks later. May 15, entered 
upon his present duties. 

Captain Blain is a Repuldican. He is a 
member of George Simpson Post, No. 44, G. 
A. R., of Huntingdon; of the A. O. U. W.; 
and of Chartier's Lodge, No. 297, F. and A. 
M., of Canonsburg, Pa; he is also an active 
member and past master of Standing Stone 
Chapter, No. 201, R. A. M. 

Capt. John Blain, Jr., was married in 
Washington, D. C, May 25, 1875, to Ella A. 
Field, who was a teacher in the public schools 
of Washington, D. C, and after her marriage 
taught in the Reform School of Jamesburg, 
N. J., and the Morganza Reform School, of 
Morganza, Pa. She is a daughter of F. F. 
and K. K. Field, of Camden, N. J. Captain 
and Mrs. Blain have had eight children, of 
whom three died young: Howard C. ; Eliza- 
beth, and Isabella. Those survi^'ing are : John 



F.; Ira Bruce; West Elliot; Ella F.; and Eliza- 
beth. The family attend the Presbyterian 

SAMUEL J. MILLER, officer in charge 
of the Brush department, Pennsvlvauia In- 
dustrial Eeformatory, Huntingdon, Pa., was 
born in Miller township, Huntingdon county, 
April 26, 1861. He is a son of Samuel, a 
farmer, and Elizabeth (Cunningham) ililler, 
both also natives of lliller township, and 
among its life-long residents. The parents had 
three children: David G., born April 25, 
18.57, is a surveyor in government ser^ace, and 
resides in Denver, Col.; Samantha A.; and 
Samuel J. The father of the family died 
March 15, 1861, about a month before the 
birth of his younger son; his wife survives 
him, and, with her daughter, has her home 
in Huntingdon. 

Samuel J. Miller spent his boyhood and 
received his education in his native township, 
a pupil in its common schools. There, too, 
he was actively engaged in tilling the ground 
imtil, in his twenty-fifth year, he acted on the 
memorable advice of Horace Greeley, and 
"went west." For four years he was in the 
gentlemen's furnishing business, in Dodge 
City, Kan. In 1889 Mr. Miller returned to 
Huntingdon county, and has ever since held 
his present important position, in charge of the 
leading industry of a most humane and ser- 
Aaceable institution. He is one of the oldest 
officers of the Reformatory. Mr. Miller is a 
Democrat. He has for three years been sec- 
retary of the Smithfield township school 

Samuel J. ililler was married in Philadel- 
phia, January 4, 1884, to Louisa H. E., daugh- 
ter of Thomas and Elizabeth Gibbs Harvey, 
Their children are: Elizabeth Gibbs; 
Dorothea; Charles Seely; Alice; and Frances 
Margaret. Mr. Miller attends the Methodist 
Episcopal church. 

FRAXK H. McGRAW, electrician, Penn- 
sylvania Industrial Reformatory, was born in 
Hollidaysburg, Blair coimty. Pa., July 25, 
1871. He is a son of John G. and Henrietta 
P. (Hart) ilcGraw. John G. McGraw was 
born at East Freedom, Blair county, June 11, 
1839, and his wife at Montrose, Susquehanna 
county, Pa, iSToveraber 7, 1837. They now 

reside at Kladder's Station, Blair county, 
Mr. John G. McGraw having been for twenty 
years agent of the George W. Smith estate. 
Twelve children constituted their family. Of 
these, five died in childhood. Besides Frank 
H., the survivors are as follows: William D., 
farms the old Shoneberger Furnace farm, 
Blair county ; James Ray, assistant supervisor, 
P. E. E., Pittsburg, Pa.; Linda J., resides 
with her parents; Catherine P., wife of L. E. 
Shaeffer, farmer, of King, Bedford county, 
Pa.; Charles A.; and Sarah A., at home. 

Frank H. McGraw was brought up as a 
farmer's boy, and educated in the common 
schools of his native county. He afterwards 
attended the Business College of Elmira, iN". 
Y., graduating from the same iu March, 1889. 
He then became chainmau and rodman of the 
Engineer Corjis, West Penna. Div., P. R. R. 
For six months, during the year 1890, he was 
clerk in the P. R. R. machine shops, Altoona, 
Pa. He then applied himself to the thorough 
mastering of the study of electricity and its 
practical applications. Mr. McGraw was the 
first superintendent of the Hollidaysburg 
Electric Light plant, which he conducted for 
a year. He was appointed to his present po- 
sition, January 1, 1894. He is a Republican. 

Frank H. McGraw was married in Hol- 
lidaysbiu'g, December 7, 1893, to Alice May, 
daughter of John D. and Anna M. Frank, of 
that place. They have one child, John ^M., 
born April 20, 1896. They attend the Pres- 
byterian church. 

MATTHEW McATEEE, officer in Penn- 
sylvania Industrial Eeformatory, Hunting- 
don, Pa., was born in West toyniship, Himt- 
ingdon coimty, January 12, 1836. He is a 
son of Jonathan and j\Iary (ISToble) McAteer. 
His grandfather, Patrick McAteer, came to 
Huntingdon county and settled within the 
present limits of West township in 1795. 
Later, he removed to Cambria county. HLs 
occupations were agriculture and limibering; 
in connection with Michael ^IcGui"e, he 
built the first saw mill in West to\vnship. He 
died in Cambria county, after a useful and 
successful life. When Patrick j\IcAteer Ciime 
to Huntingdon county, his son Jonathan, 
father of ]\ratthew, was but two years of age. 
Jonathan McAteer, like his father, was a 
farmer; he was born in Emmittsburg, Md., in 



1793, but after the removal to Pennsylvania, 
resided in Huntingdon county until 1860, at 
that date he relinquished farming, and re- 
moved to Altoor.a, Pa., -where he lived a re- 
tired life. His wife, Mary Xoble, was a na- 
tive of Porter township, Huntiugdim county, 
born in 1799. They had nine cliildi'en; five 
died in childhood; Patrick H., who served in 
the Union army during the late war, in Com- 
pany C, Twelfth Pennsylvania Cavalry, and 
was promoted to a captaincy, died in 1869; 
and Samuel A., a farmer up to 1865, and 
after removing to Altoona, an employee of the 
P. E. E. Co., died at his post as conductor of 
ii train, January 17, 1886. The survivors are: 
Matthew; and Henry J., deputy surveyor of 
the Port of Philadelphia. The father of the 
family died in Altoona, January 16, 1868. 

The maternal great-grandfather of Mat- 
thew McAteer was John Spencer, born in 
L-eland, and a settler within the present limits 
of Porter to-wnship, Huntingdon county, be- 
fore the Revolution. He was a major in the 
Continental army. He resided near Alexan- 
dria, where he died about 1820. Two of his 
sons, John and William, were twins. John 
Spencer, Jr., went to Ohio in 1805, and in the 
war of 1812 was captain of a company. "Wil- 
liam removed to Ohio in 1816, and a third 
brother, Robert, in 1821. The daughters 
were: Mrs. Samuel Xoble, grandmother of 
Mr. McAteer, who lived where the city of 
Altoona now stands; Mrs. John Agle, of 
Alexandria, removed to Ohio; Mrs. William 
McElroy, of the vicinity of Barree Forge; and 
Martha (Mrs. Jeremiah Cunningham), of 
Shaver's Creek Valley, had children: David, 
born in 1801, and Mrs. George Wilson, of 

Matthew McAteer was educated in the pub- 
lic schools of West township, Huntingdon 
■county, where he lived to the age of seventeen 
with his parents. The winter of 1853-51 he 
passed in Altoona, and in the spring of 1854, 
entered the service of the P. R. R. Co. for the 
purpose of learning the blacksmith's trade. 
He continued in that occupation until August 
1, 1856, when be became a brakeman in the 
same employ; he was afterwards promoted to 
freight conductor, and seiwed as such until 
1861. In liovember of that year, leaving the 
P. R. R., Mr. McAteer went to Baltimore, 
and was employed as conductor on trains con- 

veying troops to the front, by the Northern 
Central R. R., then controlled by the U. S. 
Government. In March, 1862, he was trans- 
ferred to Sunbury, Pa., and appointed train 
dispatcher for the same company. In the fall 
of 1861, he was transferred to York, Pa., and 
was for a year conductor of a train. Leaving 
York in February, 1865, Mr. McAteer re-en- 
tered the service of the P. R. R. Co., as freight 
conductor; in Jvme of the same year, he was 
promoted to passenger conductor, which posi- 
tion he filled efliciently for eight years. Dur- 
ing 1874, Mr. McAteer was in the hotel busi- 
ness in Harrisburg; in the fall of 1875, he re- 
moved to Houtzdale, Clearfield county. Pa.. 
where he resided until 1879, in charge of the 
estate of Dr. Houtz. In 1879, he was em- 
ployed by the P.R.R.Co. at Pittsburg as train 
dispatcher, ticket agent, baggage agent, etc., 
in various places, including Pittsburg, Long 
Branch, X. J., and Cape May, IS^. J. In 1888, 
he resigned this employment, and entered the 
L^. S. Mint at Philadelphia. In January, 
1892, he assumed his present position, the du- 
ties of which he has from that date faithfully 
and efficiently performed. 

Mr. McAteer is a Past Master of Sunbury 
Lodge, No. 22, F. and A. M., Sunbury, Pa.; 
a member of jSTorthumberland Chapter, Xo. 
174, R. A. M. of Sunbury; of Yallerchamp 
Council, 'Eo. 25, R. and S." M., Sunbury, and 
of Crusade Commandery, Xo. 12, K. T., 
Bloomsburg, Columbia county, Pa. His poli- 
tical views are Democratic. 

Matthew McAteer was married in Hunt- 
ingdon, July 14, 1859, to Johanna B., daugh- 
ter of John and Catherine Simpson, residents, 
when ilrs. McAteer was born, on March 16, 
1838, of Littlestown, Adams county, Pa. 
They had five children: Henry F., bom May 
5, 1860, now chief clerk in the advertising 
department of P. R. R., for lines west of 
Pittsburg, and resides in Pittsburg; Laura, 
born December 19, 1861, -wife of George D. 
McCloskey, of Wilmerding, Allegheny 
county, Pa.; Mary I., born June 10, 1863, 
wife of Maurice Owens, of Harrisburg, Pa.; 
Charles Young, born December 19, 1865, en- 
gineer on the P., C. et St. L. R. R., residing 
in Pittsburg; and Josie, born in June, 1868, 
wife of Sydney T. Isett, of Bellwood, Blair 
county. Mrs. Johanna McAteer died at Oil 
City,Yenango county, Pa., January 12, ISSO. 



Mr. ]\IcAteer was again married in Philadel- 
phia, ^l-Aj 12, lSSl,"to Clara B., daiiphter of 
Jac'cil) and Margaret Lentz, of Franklin eoun- 
t\, Pa. The family attend the Roman Catho- 
lic clinreh. 

LEMUEL H. BEERS, attorney-at-law, 
Huntingdon, Pa., was horn in Cromwell 
township, Himtingdon county, August 25, 
1854, and is a son of Bergmann and jSTancy 
(Roberts) Beers. His parents spent the great- 
er part of their lives in Huntingdon county, 
Mr. Beers being a farmer. They had eight 
children, of whom three are deceased ; the sur- 
vivors, besides Lemuel H., are Heni-y, resid- 
ing in Cromwell township; Joseph and John 
J., residents of Coalmont, Huntingdon coun- 
ty; and Jlebecca, wife of Joseph Heck, of Mis- 

Lemuel H. Beers passed his earliest years 
at home, acquiring the rudiments of his edu- 
cation in the common schools; lie afterwards 
studied at Millwood Academy, Sli;hli' ('aj), 
Pa., at Allegheny Seminary, Bcilfonl cuniuy. 
Pa., and at Dickinson Seminary, Williams- 
port, Pa. He began the study of law in the 
office of Brown & Bailey, Huntingdon, Pa., 
and was admitted to practice in the courts of 
Huntingdon coimty. He has been ever since 
in continuous practice. Mr. Beers is a Re- 
publican. He is not married. 

HARRY S. !MEILY, assistant supervisor, 
P. R. R., at Huntingdon, Pa., was born in 
Middleto^vn, Dauphin county. Pa., February 
21, 1862. He is a son of Henry J. and Annie 
(Smuller) Meily. Henry J. Meily was born 
in JonestoAvn, Lebanon county. Pa., in 1842, 
but spent the greater part of his life in Mid- 
dletown, of which place he became a well- 
known and respected citizen. He was the 
owner of the [Meily Furnaces. His wife. Miss 
Annie Smuller, was born in Middletown, in 
1845. One of their three children died in in- 
fancy, and besides Harry S., there is a daugh- 
ter. Miss Caroline, who still resides on the Mid- 
dletown homestead. There both parents died, 
Mrs. Meily in December, 1891, and her hus- 
band in March, 1893. 

There, too, ITarry S. ilcily grew uji a 
schoolboy in the public schools of his native 
place. After leaving school, he served an ap- 
prenticeship to the trade of a machinist, and 

then entered Lehigh L'niversity; from that 
institution he was graduated in 1S8T, taking 
the degree of C. E. From 1887 to 1891 he 
was employed by the P. R. R. Co. in the con- 
struction department, at Lancaster, Pa. In 
the latter year, he was transferred to the main- 
tenance of way department, and on January 
11, 1894, was appointed to his present posi- 
tion. Lie is a memljer of the Engineers' Club 
of Philadelphia. His political preferences 
are Republican. 

Harry S. Meily was married in Middletown 
June 9, 1892, to Mary C, daughter of Daniel 
and Susan Peters, of that place. Their chil- 
dren are: Robert P., born June 9, 1893, and 
Harry S., Jr., April 18, 1896. Mr. and Mrs. 
Meilv attend the Presbvterian church. 

AVILLIAM H. BARRICK, senior member 
of the firm of Barrick Bros., manufacturers 
of brick, Huntingdon, Pa., is the eldest son of 
Jacob and Isabella (Hicks) Barrick, natives 
of Smithfield toAvnship, Huntingdon county, 
where ilr. Barrick was born. "With the ex- 
ception of three years spent in the defence of 
his country in the army, during the war of the 
Rebellion, Jacob Barrick passed his entire life 
in Huntingdon, and from early until late in 
life, was a manufacturer of brick. He was, 
however, not merely a reliable artisan, and a 
steady and persevering business man, but 
was also devoted to the interests of the com- 
mimity in which he lived, taking an active 
part in promoting the welfare of the borough 
and county. He ser-\-ed two terms as council- 
man. His children were: Mary Ida, Avidow of 
J. W. Hoop, of Huntingdon; Ann Etta (Mrs. 
Orlady Isenberg), died January 22, 1896; 
"William Henry; James Madison; John How- 
ard, born January 27, 1871; Ada Belle; 
Charles Edgar, born July 17, 1872; Warren 
Knight; Ethel Clare; and Lena Kate, all ex- 
cept Mrs. Hoop, residing in Huntingdon. 
One child, Herbert, died in early childhood. 
Jacob Barrick died January 27, 1892; Mrs. 
Barrick is still a resident of Huntingdon. 

William Henry Barrick is a life-long i-esi- 
dent of Huntingdon. He was ediicated in the 
]iublic schools, and has been a manufacturer of 
brick during all of his business life. He is a 
Republican. William H. Barrick was mar- 
ried in Huntingdon, August 30, 1885, to 
Marv, dauehter of Andrew and Marv Gam- 



rood, Germans by birth, but residents of 
Huntingdon, where Mrs. Barriek was born. 
Mr. and Mrs. Barriek have two children: 
Jacob Chester, born j\Iay 30, 18S8; and an 
infant, at this writing unnamed. They at- 
tend the M. E. church. 

manufacturer, of the firm of Barriek Bros., 
Huntingdon, Pa., was born in Huntingdon, 
July 22, 1869. He is a son of Jacob and Isa- 
bella Barriek, of whom some account is given 
in the sketch of their eldest son, William H. 
Barriek, in this Avork. James iM. Barriek was 
educated in the public schools of his native 
town, and from his schoolboy days to the pres- 
ent time, has been engaged in the manufac- 
ture of brick. Mr. Bari'ick's politics are Re- 

On l!^ovember 1, 189-4, in the town of 
Huntingdon, James M. Barriek was married 
to Mabel, daughter of James and Elizabeth 
Eort, natives of that place. Mrs. Barrick's 
father is deceased, but her mother is still a 
resident of Huntingdon. Mr. and Mrs. Bar- 
riek have one daughter, Sarah, born ^larch 
31. 189.J. They attend the Methodist Episco- 
pal church. 

JOHN E. McILROY, brick manufacturer, 
Huntingdon, Pa., was born in Clemensville, 
Jackson township, Huntingdon county, Octo- 
ber 24, 1862, son of Joseph and Sarah (Mil- 
ler) Mcllroy, natives of Huntingdon county. 
Mr. Mcllroy's parents spent their entire lives 
in Huntingdon county, and in 1872 removed 
to Huntingdon. Joseph Mcllroy was for 
many years a grocer at Cumminsville, Hunt- 
ingdon county; during the later years of his 
life, he was incapacitated for business by ill 
health. He died Januarv 11, 1893; his wife 
survives, and still resides in Huntingdon. 

John E. ilcllroy was a pupil in the com- 
mon schools of Huntingdon. Since 1872 he 
has been engaged in manufacturing brick. His 
political opinions are those of the Republican 
party. Mr. McHroy is not married. He at- 
tends the Presbyterian church. 

Mexico, Juniata county, June 22, 1836. He 
is a son of Andrew and Sarah (Scandreth) 
Leonard. Andrew Leonard, a native of Ju- 
niata county, was an active and well-known 
farmer of that region. His wife was born in 
Perry county; both are now deceased. Their 
children are : Mary Adeline, wife of J. B. M. 
Todd, of Patterson, Juniata county; William 
A.; Martin Charles, an engineer on the P. R. 
R., died in Harrisburg, Pa., in December, 
1894:; Sarah C, wife "of John P. Fazett, of 
Altoona, Pa. 

"William A. Leonard was brought up and 
educated in his native county, receiving his 
first training in the piiblic schools; this was 
supplemented by a course in the Tuscarora 
Academy. In his boyhood he drove a team 
on the Penna. Canal. During the laying of 
the Pennsylvania Railroad he drove a cart for 
the contractors. About 1850, he entered the 
service of the P. R. R. Co. ; and since October 
1, 1861, he has been continuously in their em- 
])loy in the capacity of engineer; he has thus 
served the company faithfully and efliciently 
for more than forty years. During the Re- 
bellion, Mr. Leonard enlisted as a private in 
Company E, Two Hundred and First Penn- 
sylvania A^ohinteers, was promoted to cor23ora] 
and served nine months. He is a member of 
George Simpson Post, G. A. R. He also be- 
longs to the I. O. of R. M. ; is an active mem- 
ber'of Mount Moriah Lodge, No. 300, and of 
Standing Stone Chapter, No. 201, F. and A. 
M., and of Huntingdon Commandery, No. 65, 
K. T.. of Huntingdon. He is a Democrat. 

William Andrew Leonard was married in 
Harrisburg in 1865 to Caroline, daughter of 
Alexander and Jane Nelson Campbell, na- 
tives of Birmingham, Huntingdon county. 
Mr. and !Mrs. Leonard had one daughter, 
Myra C. Mrs. Leonard died September 22, 
]893. i[r. Leonard has been for twenty-six 
years a consistent member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church. 

Huntingdon, Pa., one of the oldest engineers, 
if not the oldest, on the Pennsylvania Rail- 
road, was born in AValker township, near 

JOHN BARRICK, brick manufacturer, 
Huntingdon, Pa., was liorn in Walker town- 
ship, Huntingdon county, August 25, 1834, 
and is a son of John and Jane (Kylor) Barriek. 
]\Ir. and !Mrs. John Barriek had eight children, 
of whom one died in infancy, and three, 
James, Jacob and William, after coming to 
mature vears. The four survivins are: Re- 


beeca, wife of Henry Decker; John; Martha, 
wife of Thomas "White; and Ellen, wife of 
J anies Hicks. The father, John Barrick, Sr., 
is deceased; his wife, aged eighty-iive, died 
in Himtingdon, July 3, 1896. 

John Ban-ick, Jr., has been all his life a 
resident of Huntingdon county, and of the 
borough for fifty years. His school days were 
ended by the time he attained his thirteenth 
year; and from the age of twelve to the pres- 
ent he has been engaged in the manufacture 
of bricks. For forty years of that time, Mr. 
Barrick has conducted the business on his o\vn 
account. Though not uninterested in public 
affairs, his political views are liberal. 

John Barrick, Jr., was married in HTint- 
ingdon, June 3, 1S(30, to Sarah J., daughter 
of Adam and Catherine Hoffman, residents 
of Smithfield, Huntingdon county. Two of 
their children, George and Annie, died after 
I'eaching adult age. The living children are: 
Mary (Mrs. Frank Montgomery); Esther 
(Mrs. Henry Ehoades) ; Cecilia (Mrs. Henry 
Jacobs; Bessie; and Mordecai ]M. The 
family attend the Methodist Episcopal church. 

died suddenly at Huntingdon, December 12, 

LOUIS BEXKERT, victualler, Hunting- 
don, Pa., was born in "Wurzburg, Germany, 
July S, 1839. He is a son of George and 
Francisca Benkert, both Germans by birth, 
who died in their native land; Frau Benkert 
in March, 1868, and her husband in Januarv, 

Louis Benkert was educated in the excel- 
lent public schools of Germany. At the age 
of sixteen he became an apprentice to the 
butcher's trade, at which he afterwards worked 
as journeyman in several large cities of Ger- 
many. On Js^'ovember 22, 1868, Mr. Benkert 
emigrated to America, and arrived at Xew 
York December 6 of that year. He spent a 
few months in ISTew York, Pliilad(;]phia and 
Baltimore, and finally became a resident of 
Huntingdon in ]\[ay, 1869. Mr. Benkert 
votes ^nth the Democratic party. 

In Huntingdon, October 22, 1874, Louis 
Benkert was married to Bridget, daughter of 
Frederick and Elizabeth Snyder, of that bor- 
ough. Mr. and ilrs. Benkert hnve three 
children, George V., Louis O. and Mary 
Francisca. ^fr. Benkert and his family attend 
the Roman Catholic church. Mrs. Benkert 

RUDOLPH ^lYERS, M. D., Huntingdon, 
Pa., was born near Lewisto\vn, Mifflin county, 
Pa., August 2, 1840, son of Michael and 
Catherine (Holtzapple) Myers, natives of 
Juniata county, .ilichael Myers was born 
January 8, 1803. When but twenty years 
old, he was united in marriage to Catherine 
Holtzapple, an aunt of Henry Holtzapple, of 
Birmingham. He was a farmer, and in 1842 
removed to Hill valley, Huntingdon county, 
Pa., where he purchased a farm, on which he 
i-esided up to the time of his death. Michael 
Myers had enjoyed few educational advan- 
tages; but native refinement of taste and 
wholesome ambition led him to make up for 
that deficiency by his o'wn exertions, and he 
became well grounded in different branches 
of study, especially in mathematics and in the 
Scriptures. Early in life, he became a Bible 
student, and all through life, the Bible was 
his dearest book. When still a young man, 
he felt that be should look to God for guid- 
ance; in response to this feeling, lie united 
with the Brethren church, and was ever after 
a follower of his Lord and Master. Michael 
]\Iyers and his wife had thirteen children, 
nine boys and four girls, of whom eleven are 
still living. They are: Jeremiah, deceased; 
Clara Belle (^Ivl Ephraim White), of Dud- 
ley, Huntingdon county, deceased; Mary 
(Mrs. Benjamin Rhodes), of McYeytown, 
Pa.; Enoch X., of Huntingdon; Ephraim, 
resides near Shirleysburg, Huntingdon 
county; Reuben, of Shirleysburg; Sarah 
(Mrs. Joseph Allen), of Iowa; David H., em- 
ployed by the Pennsylvania Railroad Com- 
pany, at Harri.sburg, Pa.; Dr. Rudolph; Rev. 
Seth, of Altoona, Pa.; Catlierine, widow of 
William Lukens, residing at Atkinson's ilill, 
Mifflin coimty. Pa.; Dr. John G. Z., a medi- 
cal practitioner at • Osceola ]\Iills, Centre 
county, Pa.; and ^[ichael IL, residing near 
JMarklosburg, Huntingdon coimtv. Michael 
]\[yers died January 20, 1886, at the age of 
eighty-three years. He was laid to rest by 
the side of his wife in the cemeterv in Ger- 
man valley. A remarkable fact in tlie history 
of this patriarch is the number of hi^ (lescend- 
ants, their being thirteen children, eighty-one 


graotk'liildreu, and thirty-five great-graud- 

liudolijli Elvers was but two years old wlieu 
the family removed to Huutiugdoji county. 
lie spent his boyhood days on the farm, and as 
a pupil in the country schools, those of Crom- 
well township. He afterwards studied at Shir- 
leysburg Academy, under the tuition of 
Prof. J. B. Kidder. His academic coiu-se 
ended, he began to read medicine with Robert 
Baird, M. D., of Sliirlrvsliur,-. malrirulatcd 
at Jefferson Medical Cull. -v, I'hila.K-lpliia, in 
1S60, and at the Bellcvuc ..Medical ('.jIIu-c, 
Xew York, in 1862; he was graduated from 
the latter institution March 2, 1863. In the 
following mouth. Dr. Myers began the prac- 
tice of medicine at Three Springs, Hunting- 
don county; he removed in December, 1864, 
to Burlington, Ind.; in 1868, to Keedysville, 
Md.; in 1872, to Grafton, Huntingdon 
county; continued to practice during his resi- 
dence at each of these places. For seventeen 
years, since 1879, he has been continuously 
in practice in Huntingdon. He is a member 
of the Huntingdon County Medical Society, 
and for one year officiated as its president. 
The Doctor's political principles have always 
been Republican. He served for one term 
as a school director. 

Dr. Rudolph Myers was married in Shir- 
leysbui-g, Huntingdon county, September 22, 
1S64, to ]\Iary A., daughter of Amon and 
Wealthy Lovell, born in Trough Creek Val- 
ley, April 19, 1843. Their children are: 
Ethelda Alleyne, born July 5, 1865, died 
September 12, 1865; Ida May, born Septem- 
ber 20,1866, died in infancy; Alice Gertrude 
(Mrs. E. P. Jones), of Gunnison, Col., born 
January 20, 1869; Lena Lovell, a graduate 
nurse, of Jefferson College Hospital, born 
May 14, 1872; and Ernest Roland, a student 
in Buckuell I"rniversity, born September 1, 
1875. The Doctor and his family are con- 
sistent members of the Baptist church. 

0RLA:N^D0 C. SXYDER, engineer of the 
pumping station, Huntingdon, Pa., was born 
in Indiana, Indiana county, Pa., October 28, 
1846. He is a son of John D. and Ann Eliza 
(Shearer) Snyder. His paternal ancestors 
were German, though his father, as well as 
his mother, was a native of this country. 
Three of their children are deceased, two hav- 

ing died early ; the living children are : Mary 
Jane, Mrs. William Greg, of Saltsburg, West- 
moreland county; Ann Eliza, Mrs. John 
Hoti'man, of Ellsworth, Pierce county. Wis., 
deceased; John D., of Braddock, Allegheny 
county. Pa. ; Belmina, widow of James Ganey, 
residing in Indiana, Indiana county ; Elizabeth 
(Mrs. James Smith), of Indiana couuty, Pa.; 
James, residing in Illinois; Lucinda, of Ells- 
worth, Wis.; Orlando C; and William, of 
Pliiladelphia. The mother, Mrs. John D. 
Siivdcr, died in Westmoreland county, in 
iMi.^; three years later, in Jime, 1871, ]Mr. 
Snyder was accidentally killed by a stationary 
engine, in Allegheny City, Pa. 

Up to the age of twenty-five, Orlando C. 
Snyder passed his life in the town of Indiana, 
receiving his education in the public schools 
of that place, and there learning the business 
which has been his vocation throughout life — 
that of a machinist and stationary engineer. 
For two years, the defense of the L^nion called 
him from his business pursuits. He enlisted 
in 1863, in Battery G, First Pennsylvania 
Light Artillery, and served until mustered out 
in'Philadelphia in July, 1865. In 1871 he 
removed from Indiana to Latrobe, Westmore- 
land county, and from that place, two years 
later, to Black Lick, Indiana county, which 
was his home for fourteen years. Since 1887, 
ilr. Snyder has been a resident of Hunting- 
don, and for the past six years has been chief 
engineer of the Huntingdon Water Depart- 
ment. Mr. Snyder's political preferences are 

On July 23, 1866, Orlando C. Snyder was 
married in Indiana, Indiana coimty, to Mary 
M., daughter of John and Deborah (Sebring) 
Caldweil; she was born -June 17, 1849. 
Their children are : Minnie Belle (Mrs. Harry 
Sinclair), born September 26, 1869; John T., 
born December 25, 1874, died Februarv 1, 
1876; Annie D. (Mrs. Floyd Miller), born 
Jime 25, 1875; Cora Agnes, born September 
24, 1877; Frank H., born March 24, 1879; 
and Vaughn C, born September 13, 1886. 
Jlr. Snyder and his family attend the ^iletho- 
dist Episcopal church. 

REV. DAVID J. WALSH, Huntingdon, 
Pa., was born IMay 10, 1867, in Blarney, 
County Cork, Ireland. He is a son of Ed- 
mund and Elizabeth (Murphy) Walsh. All 



the aucestors and relatives of Father "Walsh 
were born in Ireland; there his father and all 
his brothers and sisters still reside. The fam- 
ily included eleven children, of whom nine are 
living. The mother died September 15, 1889, 
at the age of fifty-two. 

The education of Da"\-id J. "Walsh was be- 
gun in the schools of his native town, further 
carried on, for three years and a half, at Saint 
Colman's College, Fermoy, County Cork, and 
completed at the Irish College, Paris, France. 
At the last-named institution, on the feast of 
Corpus Christi, 1892, he was ordained to 
the priesthood. Soon after his ordination, 
Father Walsh sailed for America, and imme- 
diately after his arrival, was appointed assist- 
ant pastor of St. Bridget's church, Pittsbm-g, 
Pa. On the 12th of February, 1896, he took 
charge of his present parish, the Church of 
the Most Holy Trinity, Huntingdon, Pa. 
This chiu'ch, of which Eev. Father Walsh is 
rector, was built in 1828, and is one of the 
oldest in the Juniata Valley. The Keverend 
Father is a faithful pastor, beloved by his 
flock, and highly esteemed by tlie citizens of 

THEODORE H. CREAMER, deceased, was 
a son of Abraham and Maria ilagdalena (Hal- 
ler) Cremer; he was born at York, Pa., March 
16, 1817. The Cremer family — originally 
Kremmer — is traditionally said to be of 
Huguenot origin, and were among the many 
exiles from France in those days of religious 
persecution to wliich America owes so much 
of lier best blood. They were a wealthy fam- 
ily, but more devoted to their faith than to 
their possessions. Adam Kremmer and his 
wife, Elizabeth, emigrated from the province 
of Alsace to America, crossing the sea in the 
merchant ship Philadelphia, and arriving at 
the port of Philadeli^hia, September 10, 1731. 
They settled first in Lancaster county and af- 
terwards in Kreutz Creek Valley, York 
county. Pa., where they spent the remain- 
der of their lives. They are buried in the 
Kreutz Creek Valley churchyard, where a 
tombstone said to be that of Hans Adam 
Kremmer may still be seen. Among original 
lists of passengers now on file in the office of 
the Secretary of the Commonwealth, at Har- 
risburg, according to the act of 1727, Col. 

Pec. Ill, are found the names of Hans Adam 
Kremmer, his wife Elizabeth, and their chil- 
dren, Elizabeth, Eve, Maria, Cliristina, Adam 
and Catherine, and the husband of Catherine 
Kremmer, Hans Martin Shultz. Under the 
same act, all males above the age of sixteen 
were required to take the oath of allegiance, 
and on the list of those who had complied 
with this requirement are found the names 
of Hans Adam Kremmer and Hans Martin 

Brought uj^ in York, Pa., before the estab- 
lishment of common schools, Theodore H. 
Cremer enjoyed the intellectual training af- 
forded by the best private schools of the to\^Ti, 
and by the York County Academy, then under 
the charge of Rev. Stephen Boyer. He then 
read law, first in the oiEce of Robert J. 
Fisher, Esq., York, Pa., in 1837; and after- 
wards, in 1838-39, at Williamsport, Pa., under 
James Armstrong, Esq. In December, 1839, 
~Sh\ Cremer became clerk in the jn-othono- 
tary's ofiice at Huntingdon, Pa., under James 
Steel, Esq., with whom he continued to study 
law until he was admitted, in the fall of 1840, 
to the law school at Carlisle, Pa., where he 
graduated with the class of 1841. On the 3d 
of August, in the same year, he was ad- 
mitted to the York county bar, and on the 
10th of the same month, to that of 
Huntingdon county. From that time until his 
death, October 25, 189S, Theodore H. Cre- 
mer was a resident of Huntingdon. 

In addition to his legal record, Mr. Cremer 
has also a literary history. Thrown even in 
]:)oyhood upon his ovn\ resoTii'ces, he acquired 
the art of printing at the Sherman 'printing 
house, in Philadelphia. In Williamsport he 
was editor of the AY est Branch BcpuUican, of 
that town; he afterwards edited the Hunt- 
ingdon County Repuhlican, published at 
Huntingdon. In 1885 he \\Tote a series of 
sketches, entitled "Huntingdon as it was Fifty 
Years Ago," which were published in the 
Huntingdon Local Neios, and attracted much 
attention. ]Mr. Cremer was twice prothono- 
tary, being elected in 1848 and 1851. In 
1855 he was chief Inu-gess. In 1856 he was 
elected district attorney, without opposition. 
He has also served in the Himtingdon school 

Tlieodnro 11. Cremer was twice married. 
The first marriage, June 15, 1843, was with 
!Marv Jane, dauffhter of Robert and Eliza 



(McFarlaiul) Graham, of Cmnbcrland 
county. Their only chikl of this union was 
George, born June 25, 1845; he married 
Tamzon Massey Franklin, October 10, 1877, 
and now resides in Philadelphia. The second 
wife of Mr. Cremer was Margaretta, daugh- 
ter of Isaac and Jane Borland; they were 
married September 17, 1850. Of their eight 
children, four are livilig : Franklin, of Hunt- 
ingdon; Edgar S., of Saxton, Pa.; Miss Mary 
H., of Huntingdon; and John D., of Wash- 
ington, D. C. Mrs. Theodore H. Cremer was 
born May 25, 1820. She survives her hus- 
band, and resides in Huntingdon. 

and I'^rank W. They attend the Episcopal 

FEAXCTS W. BALDWIN, Huntingdon, 
Pa., M-as born near MitHin, Juniata county, 
Pa., September 29,1867,son of Robert P. and 
Martha (Warner) Baldwin. Robert P. Bald- 
win is a native of Delaware county, Pa., and 
his wife of Juniata county. Their children 
were: James K., who died in Philadelphia, 
June 6, 1896, on his way home from Florida; 
George M., residing at West Chester, Pa. ; and 
Francis W. ]\Irs. Robert P. Baldwin died in 
1872; Mr. Baldwin is living and resides on 
the homestead farm in Delaware county. 

When Frauci* W. llaldwin was a child, his 
parents resided in I 'jiicr-dn. Pa., where he at- 
tended the jjublic -;cli()(_ils until he was eleven 
years old. The family then resided for two 
years at Lemstown Junction, after which 
they removed to the home farm, in Thorn- 
bury township, Delaware county, while Fran- 
cis was still a schoolboy. When his school 
course was completed, he went to West Ches- 
ter and learned tailoring; which trade being- 
acquired, he worked at it for a year in Lewis- 
town, as a journeyman, then for a short time 
in Williamsport, Pa. In 1890, he went into 
business for himself, and in 1891, removed to 
Huntingdon, where he is doing a successful 
business as a merchant tailor. Mr. Baldwin 
is a member of P. O. S. of A., and of the 
Royal Arcanum; has been treasurer of the lat- 
ter organization for three years. 

Francis W. Baldwin was married in Wil- 
liamsport, Pa., February 9, 1889, to Bertha 
Alva, daughter of Jacob and Anna Taylor, 
old and honored residents of West Chester. 
Tlie children of Mr. and Mrs. Baldwin are: 
Edith il., died in infancy; Edna 'Max; Anna; 

TIMOTHY H. AKERS, Huntingdon, 
Pa., was born at the foot of Ray's Hill, in East 
Providence township, Bedford county, Pa., 
October 21, 1837. He is a son of Jesse and 
Rachel (Hixon) Akers, natives of Bedford 
coimty, and of American ancestry. Uriah 
Akers, the father of Jesse Akers, removed 
with his wife from Loudon county, Va., to 
Bedford county; they were among the seven 
members who established Methodism in the 
latter locality, where the first Methodist meet- 
ings were held in 1793, in an old mill. The 
maternal grandmother of Mr. T. H. Akers, 
Leah Hanks, was a sister of the grandmother 
of President Lincoln. His parents had seven 
children; their four daughters died, two in 
early infancy, and two after arriving at 
womanhood. The sons are: Jabez H., of 
Junction City, Ore.; Timothy, of Hunting- 
don; and Jesse R., of Carlisle, Pa. 

Mr. T. H. Akers received his education in 
an old log school house in his native place. 
He was clerk for his father, after leaving 
school, in a store kept by the elder Akers in 
what is now Fulton county. Having held 
this i^osition for fifteen years, he went to 
Everett, Bedt'di-.l (■..imtv' and remained one 
year: then t,, 1 Ndleldnie, wluTe lie was en- 
gaged in the wholesale tnl,a.'eo au.l eigar busi- 
ness until 1878. In this year he removed to 
Huntingdon, and was for two years superin- 
tendent of the tobacco and cigar factory of 
his brother, Jesse R. From 1880 to 1885, he 
was traveling salesman for Artman & Treich- 
ler, 713 Market st., Philadelphia. In 1885, 
ha-s-ing made a contract with the Union Cen- 
tral Life Insurance Co., of Cincinnati, Ohio, 
he resigned his former position as salesman to 
become their general agent for Central Penn- 
sylvania, and has had this agency continuous- 
ly for eleven years. He has been a resident of 
the boi'ough of Htmtingdon since 1878. He 
is a member of Centre Lodge, Xo. 73, I. 0. O. 
E., Centre county, Pa. ; and of P. O. S. of A., 
ISTo. 123, of Himtingdon. ilr. Akers is a di- 
rector in the proposed street railway com- 
pany. He is a sotmd money Democrat. 

Timothy H. Akers was married June 5, 
1802, in Chaneysville, Bedford county, to 
Martha A., daughter of Jacob C. and Ma- 
hala ^Mills, of Bedford countv. Thev have 



four daiigliters: Pliilena B. (Mrs. Oliver C. 
Mordorf), of Trenton, X. J. ; Oneta C. (Mi-s. 
E. C. Wells), of Philadelphia; Jessie K.; and 
Martha T., residing at home. The family are 
all members of the Methodist Episcopal 

THOMAS M. BLACK, D. D. S., Hmit- 
ingdon, Pa., was born Jime 12, 1S3T, at Mc- 
Afevv's Foi't, Huntingdon county, Pa.; he is 
a son of the late William and Ann Mitchell 
Black, both natives of Huntingdon county; 
the former born at Shaver's Creek, April 7, 
1808, the latter at McAlevy's Fort, January 
8, 1809. William Black early learned and 
carried on the trade of carpentry; later in life, 
he was engaged in lumbering and farming. 
The children of Mr. and :\Irs. Black were: 
John, a merchant of Pontiac, HI., died Xo- 
vember 5, 1884; Thomas M.; Elizabeth (Mrs. 
David Walker), of Huntingdon, died _ July 
14, 1877; James T., a prominent physician of 
Huntingdon, died October 5, 1878. The 
father's life of industry and usefulness ended 
June 24, 1852, on his farm near McAlevy's 
Port. The mother also departed, February 
7, 1877, in Huntingdon. Dr. Black is thus 
the only surviving member of his family. 

His early education was received in his na- 
tive town; after leaving school, he learned the 
trade of millwright, which he carried on for 
ten years. In 1872 he began the study of 
dentistry with Dr. J. H. Hazlett, of In- 
diana, Pa.; in the following year he began 
practice for himself in the same town. _ For 
one year Dr. Black practiced in Illinois; in 
1870, he removed to Huntingdon, and has 
been for twenty years an honored citizen and 
a successful worker in that tovra. Dr. Black 
has served the borough of Indiana two teruis 
as school director, and one term as council- 
man. He is a Democrat. Thomas M. Black 
was married at Altoona, January 21, 1881, to 
Catherine E., daughter of Abraham and 
Elizabeth Stevenson, of Petersburg, Hunting- 
don county. One of their three children died 
in infancv. The others are: Koy E.; and 
Wan-en 6. The family attend the Baptist 

OLIVEK L. STEWART, Huntingdon, 
Pa., was born in Oneida township, Hunting- 
don county. Pa., December 8, 1846. He is a 

son of John P. and Lucy A. (Foster) Stewart, 
and is of Irish extraction, both of his grand- 
fathers having been among the early settlers 
of central Pennsylvania, emigrants from the 
mother country. John Stewart, the paternal 
grandfather, took up his residence in Oneida 
township among its first settlers, and passed 
the rest of his life there. The maternal grand- 
father, Mr. Foster, first spent some time in 
Dauphin county, but soon also came to Oneida 
township. His business there was lumbering 
and contracting; he was the contractor for the 
building of the county jail, in Huntingdon. 
John P. Stewart, father of Oliver L., was 
born in Oneida tovraship. He was twice mar- 
ried. His first wife was Miss Green, of what 
is now Miller township. They had eight chil- 
dren, six of whom survive: Miss Vienna; Miss 
Mary Etta; and iliss Alvernon, all residing in 
Huntingdon; Palmer, a prosperous farmer of 
Juniata towmship, Huntingdon county; 
Eveline, widow of Jacob Ecklej, residing in 
Porter township, Huntingdon county; and 
Asbury J., of Pittsburg. The second wife of 
Mr. jI p. Stewart was Miss Foster. One of 
their children died in infancy. The others 
are: Anna M. (Mrs. William H. Linton), of 
Hmitingdon; Oliver L.; John F., of Hunt- 
ingdon; William B., of Muscatine, Iowa; 
Thompson C, a prosperous farmer of Miller 
township, Huntingdon county; Delila (Mrs. 
Jacob Longenecker), of Logan township, 
Huntingdon county; Adeline, of Hunting- 
don; Walter Scott, of Oregon, and Da^-id M., 
merchant, of Hanover, York county. 

In the comfortable farm house of his 
father, amid pleasant surroundings, Oliver 
Stewart lived imtil he reached his nineteenth 
year. In the early part of 1865, he enlisted 
in Company D, Xinety-first Pennsylvania 
Volunteers, and served until the close of the 
war; he was discharged at Philadelphia in 
July, 1865. After returning home he went 
to Pittsburg and took a course at the Iron City 
Commercial College. From the close of his 
studies there until 1871, ^Mr. Stewart taught 
school during the winter terms, and attended 
school in the summer. Since 1871, he has 
been engaged as a traveling salesman. In 
1886 he formed a partnership with J. G. Isen- 
berg in the retail clothing and gentlemen's 
furnishing business; the partnership was dis- 
solved in February, 1893, when Mr. Isen- 
berg purchased ]\Ir. Stewart's interest, and 

^. ^. A^-^^^-'^-r^^ 



four dtiuglitcrs: Fhilena B. (Mrs. Oliver 0. 

:Mur.lorf C of Trenton, X. J.; Oueta C. (iirs. 

> < ■' : • I 'iiiladelphia; Jessie K.; and 

J at home. The family are 

rhe Methodist Episcopal 

•'llOMAS ,M. BLACK, D. D. S., Hunt- 
. : inn. Pa., was boru June 12, 1837, at Mc- 
.\;< \-v's Fort, Hnntingdon county, Pa.; he is 
A -<.^n of the late- William and Ann Mitchell 
l^)la''k, both natives of Huntingdon county; 
rh" former born at Shaver's Creek, April 7, 
1S08, the latter at McAlevy's Port, January 
S, 1809. William Black early learned and 
carried on the trado of carpentry; later in life, 
he was engagc'<l in hirabering and farming. 
The cbiMr"": 'f*' 'Mr. and Mrs. Black were; 
'(f Pontiac, 111., died Xo- 
-lomas M.; Elizabeth (Mrs. 
■ Tluutingdon, died July 
' nuinent phvsician of 
i.ei- 5, 187S. The 
;iid usefulness ended 
i . Avm near McAlevy's 

i , : . ■■ departed, February 

7, 1.^7 r. in iinnuiigdon. Dr. Black is thus 
the only surviving member of his family. 
His early education was received in his na- 
tive town ; after leaving school, he learned the 
trade of millwright, which, he can-ied on for 
ten years. In ] 872 he began the study of 
dentistry with Dr. J. II. Hazlett, of In- 
dinna. Pa.; in the following year he began 
f'.;;ii!<o for himself in the same town. For 
. .!• Pv. Black practiced in Illinois; in 
• i-cmoved to Huntingdon, and has 
! nty years an honored citizen and 
1 worker in that to^vu. Dr. Black 
he borough of Indiana two terms 
i rector, and one term as couucil- 
' .'• Dfinocrat. Thomas M. Black 
January 21, 1881, to 
of Abraliam and 
'.•tersburg, Hunting- 
'•■V three children died 
11 arc: Eoy E.; and 

•iTtpnd the Baptist 

chin- i 


Pa., was borr 
don count-"'. ^ 

aUT, Huntingdon, 
township, Huuting- 

• !• ^, l^-MI, Ho is a 

son of John P. and Lucy A. ; Foster) Stewart, 
and is of Irish extraction, both of his grand- 
fathers having been among the early settlers 
of central Pennsylvania, emigraata from the 
mother country. John Stewart, the paternal 
grandfather, took up his residence in Oneida 
tQwnsliip among its first settlers, and passed 
the rest of his life there. The maternal grand- 
father, Mr. Foster, first spent some time in 
Dauphin county, but soon also came to Oneida 
townsliip. His business there was lumberi-ng 
and conn-K.'tiug; he was the contractor for the 
building -A. the county jail, in Huntingdon. 
John P. Sf' wart, father of Oliver L., was 
bom in Ok* id/i t.)Avnship. He was twice mar- 
ried. His t]>-* \\ife was Miss Green, of what 
is now Milier iiv.iiihip. They had eight chil- 
dren, six of wiii.i 1 -lir.-ive: Miss Vienna; Miss 
Mary Etta; and \' :<w Algernon, all residing in 
Himtingdon; Painicr, a prosperous farmer of 
Juniata township, Hxuitingdon county; 
Eveline, widow of Jacob Eckle'y, residing in 
Porter township, Huntingdon county; and 
Asbury J.,. of Pittsburg. The second wife of 
Mr. J. P! Stewart was Miss Foster. One of 
theu- children died in infancy. The others 
are: Anna M. (Mrs. William H. Linton), of 
Huntingdon; Oliver L. ; John F., of Hunt 
ingdon; William I J., of Muscatine. Iowa: 

Thompson C, a / ■ ' ~ ft" ^Miller 

town-ship, Huntii _ (Mrs. 

Jacob Longeneci-. njhip, 

Himtingdon couiii , ' , .:• ,: !! luting- 
don; Walter Scott, of Oregcn, and David M., 
merchant, of Hanover, York county. 

In the comfortable farm house of his 
father, amid pleasani .■jurroundings, Oliver 
Stewart lived iintP ■ ■'•■ 1 his nineteenth 

year. In the env ■"'. he enlisted 

in Company IX I'ennsylvania 

Volunteers, and s.'i- ■: iin tlie close of the 
war; he was disch;irgf\! at Philadelphia in 
July, 1865. After rout ruing home he went 
to Pittsburg and tuok a course at the Iron City 
Commercial C<^Ile,£:e; From the close of his 
studies there until 1871, Mr. Stewart taught 
school during the \%'inter terms, and attended 
school in the •fmnr.f^T. Siivo 1871, he has 
been enga, Icsman. In 

1886 he f.^ irh J. G. Isen- 

berg in tl" nd gentlemen's 

furnishing busim-.-5r. liie partnership was dis- 
solved in February, 18!<3. when Mr. Isen- 
1— • .--..i'.-.,..! ^!■.. -.^. „•.,...'. ;„t-..-n«t. and 

^^ ^/^^l^U^^-ru^^^ 



Mr. Stewart coiumeuced business on Lis own 
account at his present stand, Sixth and Wash- 
ington streets. He is a member of the Hep- 
tasophs, and of the P. O. S. of A. Mr. Stew- 
art is a Republican; has served two years as 
councilman and one as burgess of Hunting- 
don. He was one of those who assisted in car- 
rying out the plan for raising the funds to 
pave the streets of Huntingdon. 

Oliver L. Stewart was married at Orbisonia, 
Huntingdon county, in December, 1879, to 
Martha M., daughter of Adam and Margaret 
Heffner, of Shirleysburg, Pa. Of their tliree 
children, one died in its infancy; two daugh- 
ters, Maud H. and Mary B.. survive. The 
family attend the Reformed church, of which 
ilrs. Stewart and the elder daughter are mem- 

Franeis M. ; James W. ; Anna M. ; Margaret 
A.; "Walter A.; and George W., jr. Mr. and 
Mrs. Bunn are members of the Baptist church. 

GEORGE W. BUXN, Huntingdon, Pa., 
was born in Rockville, Chester county, Pa., 
March 29, 1849, son of John G. and Ann 
(Higgins) Bunn, natives of Chester county. 
They were respectively of German and of 
Irish descent. They had five children, all of 
whom are living: George W. ; Hannah (Mrs. 
Lewis E. Wiu'tz) ; William H. ; James H. ; and 
Margaret A. (Mrs. James Kennedy). The 
family removed to Huntingdon in 1862, and 
here John G. Bunn spent the remainder of his 
life. His wife survives him, and resides with 
her son, George W. 

Being about fourteen years old at the time 
of the removal, George W. Bunn had nearly 
finished his course of study at school in his na- 
tive place. After its close, he learned cabinet- 
making with his grandfather, Mr. Higgins, 
and has ever since fcilldwrd the same calling. 
lie has been in busim-- t'lr liim^flf since Oc- 
tober 20, 1883. :\[r. limiii <,ines uphol- 
stering and picture framing with cabinetmak- 
ing. His skill and long experience make him 
very successful. In addition to his other en- 
terprises, he is also in the auctioneering and 
commission business. Mr. Bunn is a member 
of Standine Stone Castle, Xo. 176, K. G. E.; 
..f AVashington Camp, Xo. 321, P. O. S. of 
A. ; of Conclave 134, Improved Order of Hep- 
tasophs, and of Ladies' Temple, Xo. 34, K. 
G. E. He adheres to the Democratic party. 

George W. Bunn was married in Hunting- 
don ilarch 3, 1870, to ilartha A., daughter of 
Samuel T. and Annie Moore, of Huntingdon 
couutv. Their eliihlren arc: Samuel H. ; 

Huntingdon, Pa., was born February 15, 
1851, on a farm in Juniata township, Hunt- 
ingdon county. Pa. He is a son of William 
and Eliza (Johnston) Geissinger, springing 
from one of the oldest families of eastern 
Pennsylvania. His grandfather, John Geis- 
singer, was born in Saucon to^vnship, Xorth- 
ampton county. Pa., in 1770. At the age of 
thirteen he served, with his father, John Geis- 
singer, Jr., in the Revolutionary war. In 
1800 he married Hannah Sellers, of the same 
township, of Xorthampton county. She was 
the daughter of Philip Sellers, was born in 
1783, and died in Juniata township, Himt- 
ingdon county, in 1878, at the age of ninety- 
ii\Q years, sis months and eighteen days. Her 
husband died in 1846, at the same place. Wil- 
liam Geissinger, the father of Luther S.j was 
born near Patterson, Juniata county, in 1812. 
With his parents he removed to McConnells- 
town, Huntingdon county, and in 1819, to the 
farm in Juniata townshii^, where he remained 
until his death, in 1889. His widow, Eliza 
Geissinger, who was the daughter of James 
and Hannah (Kennedy) Johnston, still sur- 
vives him. She was born in 1814, near Mc- 

Luther S. Geissinger was educated in the 
public schools of Juniata township, at Rains- 
burg Academy, Bedford county; Millersville 
State Xormal School, Lancaster county, and 
at Mercersburg College, Franklin county. 
January 1, 1872, he entered the law office of 
Messrs. Scott, Brown & Bailey as a student, 
and was admitted to the Huntingdon bar Jan- 
uary 13, 1873. After his admission to prac- 
tice, Mr. Geissinger remained with said firm 
for a period of one year, the senior member 
being at that time a L'nited States Senator, 
and the junior a member of the State Con- 
stitutional Convention. In 1874, Mr. Geis- 
singer opened an office for himself, and has 
continued in active practice ever since in 
Huntingdon, with the exception of the years 
1891-2 and '93, which he spent in Chicago, 
111., returning to his native town in Xovem- 
ber, 1893, and resuming the practice of law. 
In connection with this business, he is some- 
what interested in farming. He was as- 
sociated with and had charge of the practice of 


the late Mr. Sjieer diiriug the last year of that 
gentleman's life. Mr. Geissinger has always 
been recognized as a safe counselor and a stic- 
cessful jaractitioner. Mr. Geissinger is a Re- 
publican, and has figured conspicuously in the 
politics of Huntingdon county for many 
years. He never held an elective office, and 
on but two occasions sought that honor. In 

1875, he was defeated by Judge Orlady for 
the nomination for district attorney, and in 

1876, when nominated for Assembly, was de- 
feated by reason of dissensions in the party. 
In 187G Governor Hartranft appointed him 
notary public, and in January of the same 
year he was elected county solicitor for a term 
of three years. In 1879 he was again ap- 
pointed notary public by Governor Hoyt. For 
many years he has been United States Dis- 
trict Commissioner for the western district of 

On April 29, 1886, Luther Sangree Geis- 
singer was married to Henrietta Clement, only 
daughter of the late Francis B. Wallace, of 
Huntingdon, Pa. They have four children: 
Amelia; "William: Wallace; and Charles Fran- 

T. FRAXKLIX BAYER, Huntingdon, 
Pa., is a native of Franklin county. Pa., born 
in Antrim townsliip, April 1, 1863. His par- 
ents were John K. and Mary E. (Miller) 
Bayer, both natives of Washington county, 
Md., and both deceased. The family is of 
German descent. It was about 1863 that Mr. 
John X. Bayer, who was a miller, removed to 
Franklin coiinty. He was cpiiet and imassum- 
ing in manner, but he was a good man, and a 
useful citizen. The children of Mr. and Mrs. 
J. X. Bayer are: Sarah; Catherine, who died 
at the age of sixteen; John, died when four 
years old; David B., of Bloom Centre, Logan 
county, Ohio; Joseph M., of Baltimore, Md. ; 
Adam M., of Gretna, Logan county, Ohio.; 
Henry, of Gutman, Auglaize county, Ohio; 
ilargarct Jane, residing with her brother, T. 
Franklin; and T. Franklin. 

Until he was seventeen years old, T. F. 
Bayer remained at home, and attended the 
public schools of his native county. His first 
business engagement after leaving scliool was 
as salesman in the grocery store of his brother, 
Joseph M. Bayer, at Hagersto\vn, Md., with 
whom, four years later, he became a partner. 
At the end of two years, T. Franklin pur- 

(diased his brother's interest and conducted the 
business by himself imtil 1890. He then sold 
the establishment to its former proprietor, his 
brother, Joseph M., and removed to Cumber- 
land, Md. There, in partnershij) with D. F. 
Greenawalt, under the firm name of Greena- 
walt & Bayer, he embarked in the wholesale 
notion business, and continued in this connec- 
tion for two yeai's. In 1892 he sold his in- 
terest in this business, returned to Hagers- 
town, and purchased the interest of A. B. 
Barnhart, of the firm of Barnhart A: Sons, 
general merchants. The firm name was now 
changed to Barnhart & Bayer, which partner- 
ship lasted two years. In 1891 Mr. Bayer 
sold his interest to Frank E. Elliott, removed 
to Huntingdon, and engaged in the wholesale 
grocery business, the first enterprise of this 
kind in Huntingdon. His partner was Lloyd 
il. Kepler, and the firm name Bayer & Kep- 
ler. On October 1, 1S95, Mr. Kepler sold his 
interest to John G. Beaver, and the name of 
the firm has since been Bayer & Beaver. Mr. 
Bayer is a member of the Royal Arcanum 
and of the Mystic Circle. His political ■('iews 
are Republican. Mr. Bayer ranks among the 
leading business men of the borough. 

T. Franklin Bayer has been twice married. 
His first wife, to whom he was united at 
Hagerstown, December 4, 1885, was Eliza- 
beth M., daughter of Abraham B. and Han- 
nah M. Barnhai't. They had a son and a 
daughter, Fred. B. and M. Elizabeth. Mrs. 
Bayer died April 14, 1889. Mr. Bayer's sec- 
ond marriage took place at Cumberland, Xo- 
vember 30, 1892, to Mary E., daughter of 
John W. and Isabella Shaffer, of ( "umber- 
land, Md. They have no children. [Mr. and 
ilrs. Bayer are members of the Reformed 

SAMUEL G. RUDY, Huntingdon, Pa., 
was bom at Pine Grove Mills, Centre county, 
Pa., April 9, 1855. He is a son of Henry and 
^Margaret (Gilliland) Rudy, now residents of 
Logan townshiji. During the infancy of 
Samuel G. Rudy, his parents removed to 
Huntingdon county, and he received his ele- 
mentary education in West and Logan town- 
ships. Entering afterwards the Juniata Col- 
lege, he gi'aduated from that institution in 
1882. For fifteen years he taught in the pub- 
lic schools of Huntingdon county, and for one 
year in Mifflin county. Immediately after his 



graduation from Jimiata College, he was 
elected principal of the Alexandria public 
schools, and afterwards successively of those 
of Mount Union and Orbisonia. In 1890 he 
was elected county superintendent of schools, 
and being re-elected in 1893 and in 1896, is 
now serving his third term in that imiaortant 
oflice. He is a member of Mount Union 
Lodge, Xo. 677, 1. O. 0. F., of Mount Union, 
and of "Washington Camp, P. O. S. of A. His 
jjolitical opinions are Republican. 

Samuel G. Rudy was man-ied in Hunting- 
don by Rev. D. K. Freeman, D. D., August 
28, 188-4, to Margaret, daughter of Christian 
and Barbara (Summers) Fouse, residents of 
Penn townshiiJ, now deceased. Mr. and Mrs. 
Rudy have had five children; one, an infant, 
is deceased. Those who survive are: Mary 
Viola; Alviu Walter; Raymond Bruce; and 
Edwin Hayes. IMr. and ilrs. Rudy are mem- 
bers of the Presbvterian church. 

DAVID McCAHAX, Huntingdon, Pa., 
was born in the Licking Creek Valley, about 
six miles from Miffliutown, Juniata county, 
Pa., January 27, 1830. He is a son of John 
and Sarah (Reynolds) ^leCahan. His grand- 
father, Patrick McCahan, came from his na- 
tive country, Ireland, early in life, and settled 
in Juniata county; his wife was of a Quaker 
family. Mr. McCahan's maternal grand- 
father, Stephen Reynolds, was of English an- 
cestry. The rt'iiKitcst iineestor in this coun- 
try was Henry K(yiii>l(ls. a preacher of the 
Society of Friends, wlici eame from Xotting- 
ham, England, at an early period of our 
colonial history; he settled in Cecil county, 
Md. His brother William settled in Xew 
York, and his brother John somewhere in the 
Carolinas. Henry Reynolds' first wife, an 
English lady, having died, he married in 
America a widow, j\[rs. Haines. He had two 
daughters and twelve sons, some of whom 
served in the Continental army during the 
Revolution. It seems probable that Gen. 
John F. Reynolds, of Lancaster, who was 
killed at Gettysburg, was descended from 
some one of these twelve sons. One of them, 
who was named Benjamin, married ^Mary Job. 
They had six sons, as follows: Stephen, mar- 
ried Deborah Sidewell, after her death Eliza- 
beth Ricketts, who also died, and he marrried 
a widow, Elizabeth (Hartman) Kreider; Da- 
vid, married Pollv Purdy, and afterwards 

Mrs. Elizabeth Moore; Isaac, married Polly 
Cole; John, married Annie Knight; Levi, 
married Mrs. Xancy (Wilson) Purdy, and 
Jesse, married Mary Guinna. The eldest son 
of David Reynolds, Dr. John Reynolds, was 
one of the heroes who perished in the mem- 
orable defense of the Alamo, March 6, 1836. 
Stephen Reynolds, eldest son of Benjamin, 
had sixteen chikli'en. Those by his first mar- 
riage were: Polly (ilrs. James Cumraing-s); 
Henry; Benjamin, married Sarah Burdge; and 
Stephen. Those of the second marriage, with 
Elizabeth Ricketts, are: David, married 
Amelia Major, of Lewistown, Pa.; Stephen, 
married Mary Black; Isaac, man-ied first to 
Fanny Guinna, afterwards to Xancy Roth- 
rock; Azzar; Sarah (Mrs. John McCahan); 
and John. The children of the third marriage 
are: Jefferson, married Kate Graybill; Levi, 
married Hannah Vanormer; Deborah (Mrs. 
Thomas Berryman); Eliza (Mrs. Jacob 
Boehl); Jesse, died young; and Susan, died 
young. Both ilr. and Mrs. John McCahan 
were born in Juniata county, where they re- 
sided until 1856. They then removed to 
Huntingdon county, and there spent the re- 
mainder of their days. Mr. McCahan was all 
his life a farmer, and followed this vocation 
both in Juniata and Huntingdon counties. 
They had eight children: Jacob S., a farmer 
and resident of Juniata county, deceased; 
Stephen R., farmer, and later freight con- 
ductor on the Huntingdon and Broad Top 
Railroad, was killed in a collision; Jane A., 
^vife of E. B. McCrum, ex-editor of the Al- 
toona Tribune, died in Altoona; Elizabeth R.. 
wife of Rev. Samuel AV. Sears, died in Blooms- 
bui-g. Pa.; Mary, second wife of E. B. Mc- 
Crum, of Altoona, died in Miiflintown; J. 
Fletcher, died while serving in defense of 
his country, at Vicksburg, Miss.; Deborah, 
wife of George A. Black, of Hrmtingdon, 
died in Altoona; and David, who is the only 
surviving member of his family, his father 
having died March 29, 1859, and his mother 
July 15, 1887. 

Mr. ilcCahan's early associations and edu- 
cation were those of a farmer's boy. But al- 
though his opportunities were limited to such 
as were afforded by a common school, kept in 
an old log house during the \dnter season, yet 
when his course was over, he was found to be 
qualified for an instructor, and taught school 
for one term at Lickine Creek, and one at 



Mifflintown. In the following year he was 
clerk for James Korth, in his store at Mifflin 
Station. Mr. Xorth was then agent for the 
Pennsylvania Kailroad Company, and while 
in his employ Mr. McCahan leai'ned tele- 
graphy. In the spring of 1856 he was ap- 
pointed telegraph operator for the Pennsyl- 
vania Railroad at Paoli, Chester county, Pa. ; 
in 1858 he received the additional appoint- 
ment of agent. He filled this position for nine 
years. In 1867 he became passenger agent 
and operator at Himtingdon, Pa., but since 
1873 his duties have been confined to those of 
passenger agent. He is a faithful and com- 
petent official. Mr. McCahan is a "gold Dem- 

David McCahan was married at the place 
now called ilalvern, in Chester county, Pa., 
October 31, 1861, to Rebecca A., daughter of 
Albert B. and Mary A. Johnson, residents of 
what was then called West Chester Intersec- 
tion, Chester county. Their children are: 
Charles M., supervisor's clerk of the !N"orfolk 
and Western Railroad, at Richlands, Va. ; Al- 
bert J., teller in the First National Bank of 
Huntingdon; John P., a carpenter, of Hunt- 
ingdon; Clara E. and Lily M., both daughters 
residing at home. The family attend the 
Methodist Episcopal and Baptist churches. 

EDWARD S. BROWX, Huntingdon, 
Pa., born in Huntingdon, July 3, 1873, is a 
sou of Philip and Meana Brown. His father 
was the senior partner in the firm of Philip 
Brown & Sons, now Philip Brown's Sons, in 
which Edward S. has an interest, and which is 
among the most substantial and reliable busi- 
ness houses of the borough. 

After finishing his course of studies in the 
common schools of Huntinuddii, E. S. Brown 
learned cabinet makini;' with his father. He 
became a pai-tner in his father's business April 
1, 1889, and has entire charge of the factory. 
Mr. Bro^^Ti is a member of Fire Company No. 
1, and of the City Band. His political views 
are Democratic. 

Edward S. Brown was married in Hunting- 
don, April 23, 1895, to Jennie, daughter of 
Luke Hannum, a resident of Houtz- 
dale, Clearfield country. They have one 
child, Helen ~S[. ^Ir. Brown attends the 
Lutheran church. 

JOIIX ^^r. STARR, Huntingdon, Pa., was 
born in the borough of Himtingdon, January 
IS, 1861. He is a son of Auios and Ellen 
(Hight) Starr, natives of Huntingdon county. 
Amos Starr was for a long time engaged in 
butchering, but some years ago retired from 
business. ^Mr. and Mrs. Amos Starr have 
four children: Ada E. (Mrs. Alexander 
Mills), of Huntingdon; JohnM.; Ella (Mrs. 
Moses Hamer), of Birmingham, Huntingdon 
covmty; and Asahel James, of Huntingdon. 

Excepting only a few years ago, John ^I. 
Starr has passed his whole life in the town of 
Huntingdon. After his course in the public 
schools was finished, he learned the art of bak- 
ing, in which occupation he continued for 
four years; during one of these years he was 
in business for himself. He was then for 
three years a cigar manufacturer. Since 1892 
he has been continuously engaged in the 
grocery business. Mr. Starr is a successful 
and reliable business man, and is in the fore- 
most rank in his line. He is a member of 
Washing-ton Camp, No. 321, P. O. S. of A. 
Mr. Starr is a Republican, and is at present 
representing the Second ward in the borough 

He has been twice married; his first wife, 
whom he married in Harrisburg;, -\vas Miss 
Priscilla J. Weakley, of Carlisle,'" Pa. They 
had no children. On March 17, 1892, John 
M. Starr was again married in Himtingdon 
to Lydia ilay, daughter of Augustus and 
Catherine Letterman. Of this marriage 
there is one child, Eleanor Gertrude. !Mr. 
Starr attends the Baptist church; his wife is 
a member of the Lutheran church. 

MICAIAH R. EVANS, M. D., Hunting- 
don, Pa., was born in what is now Henderson 
township of this county, April 5, 1843, son of 
Abraham and Mary (Corbin) Evans. Both 
jiarents were natives and lifelong residents of 
Huntingdon county, where ilr. Evans was a 
farmer. Only three of their family of nine 
children are now living: Jane Elizabeth (Mrs. 
John Cornelius), of Mount Union, Pa.; Di'. 
Jlicaiah R. ; and Mary Ann (Mrs. George A. 
Clime), of Philadelphia. The father died 
July 31, 1878, and the mother in 1851. 

Dr. Evans s]ient his boyhood on the home- 
stead farm, and was educated in the common 
schools of his township. His school training 



eutled, ]ie devoted himself alternately to 
teaching and to farming, until 1876, inter- 
ru^Jted only by service in behalf of the Union 
during the war of the Rebellion. Three 
times he enlisted; first, in August, 1861, in 
Comi^any C, Forty-ninth Pennsylvania Vol- 
unteers, for tliree years, or during the war; 
served over eight months, and was discharged 
on account of sickness; next in June, 1863, 
in Company A, Pennsylvania Cavalry, serv- 
ing again for over eight months; and once 
more, in September, 186-1:, in Company G, 
Two Hundred and Fifth Pennsylvania Volun- 
teers, in which regiment he served until the 
close of the war, and was mustered out near 
Alexandria, Va., in June, 1865. The claims 
of patriutisiii thus satisliiMl, he returned home, 
ail. I ntli'iiil.Ml scliMol M'vcral -^.■ssi,,iis at Cass- 
villc Seminary aii.l .Miluw.HHl A<-ademy, af- 
terward adding to his labors as teacher, the 
study of medicine. In 1876 he matriculated 
at Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, 
and graduated in the spring of 1878. On 
May 6, 1878, Dr. Evans began practice in 
Oneida township, Huntingdon county, and 
continued three and a half years; then prac- 
ticed with success for eight years in Saxon, 
Bedford county. Pa., and since October 29, 
1889, has been nmnbered among the trusted 
physicians of Huntingdon. The Doctor is a 
member of the Huntingdon County Medical 
Society and of the State Medical Society of 

Tlie Doctor's political convictions are Re- 

Dr. Micaiah R. Evans was married in Phil- 
adelphia, ]\rarch 16, 1876, to Sarah Alice, 
daughter of Henry and Sarah (Garner) Peigh- 
tel, of "Walker township, Huntingdon county. 
They have three children: Ernest Xewton; 
:\rary Bertha; and Lillian May. The family 
are members of the Reformed church, of 
wliich body the Doctor is a deacon. 

Huntingdon, Pa., was liorn in Pcnn township, 
Huntingdon county, Ajiril 14, 1862, son of 
George B. and ^Martlia P. Brumbaugh, who 
now reside in Marklesliurg. ]\[r. Brumbaugh 
has also two brothers, Fi-ank G., of Hunting- 
don, and Irvin G., of Marklesburg. The 
Brumbaugh family are among the oldest and 
most widelv spread connections in the region 
including Pennsvlvania and "Marvland; A re- 

mote ancestor of ilr. M. G. Brumbaugh's, 
Hans Heinrich Brumbaugh, came with his 
family from Germany some time in the first 
half of the eighteenth century, and settled at 
Conococheague, near Hagerstown, Md. ; and 
several branrlies „f the fainilv wen- amnng 
ori-iiial M.lfl.T- in llniilin-.l,.i, and iiei-hl,or- 
ing.'unnlies. Tliey have Ihmmi imted for intel- 
ligence and activity, and have held prominent 
social and church positions. 

Martin G. Brumbaugh attended the com- 
mon schools and Juniata College, graduating 
in 1881; taught country schools in 1877 and 
'78, and after studying in the scientific course 
at Millersville State N"ormal School in '82, 
taught in Ids Alma IMater until 1884. He was 
then elected e..UHty sn | leri Mfen.lent of schools, 
and re-eleeied in l^s7_ ~rr\in-' ~ix Years. In 
lS,s,-, Air. Ih-innliangli t.xik liis degree in the 
scientific course; in 1890, entered Howard 
University as a post-graduate student; after 
a year's study, removed to the University of 
Pennsylvania, taking the degree of .A. M. in 
cursu in '92, and Ph. D. in cursu in '94. In 
1894 he was elected ]n-esi,lent of Juniata Col- 
lege and |iiNif'( ssnr ,,i' iiedauogy in the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, at Philadelphia; both 
of these jjositions he fills at the present time. 
He spent the summer of 1895 in Europe, 
studying the educational systems of Italy, 
France, Germany, Switzerland and England. 
Mr. Brumbaugh has twice been a member of 
the town council of Huntingdon; is a life 
mendier of the Pennsylvania State Teachers' 
Association; a life member of the Pennsyl- 
vania Historical Society; a member of the 
]^ew Vork Schoolmasters' Club ; has been a 
lecturer in teachers' institutes for ten years, 
in Pennsylvania, jSTew Jersey, Delaware, 
Maryland, Ohio, Kentucky and Louisiana; is 
a member of the faculty of the Pennsylvania 
Summer School of Methods and of Martha's 
Vineyard School of Methods, Ocean Citv, 

ilartin Grove Brumbaugh was married in 
1884 to Anna Kouigmacher, of Ephrata, Pa., 
a graduate of Juniata College. Their idul- 
drcn are: Mabel, born in 1887; and Edwin, 
born in 1890. 

D., Huntingdon, Pa., third son of Jacob and 
Rachel (Boyer) Brumbaugh, was born on the 
old Ihnunbaugh homestead in Penn township, 



Huntingdon county, August 9, 1836. Among 
the earliest settlers in Blair and Huntingdon 
counties were the Brumbaugh family. Dr. 
Brumbaugh's great-grandfather, Hans Hein- 
rich Brumbaugh, settled at Conococheague, 
near Hagerstown, ild., about the middle of 
the eighteenth century. His eldest and young- 
est sons, Jacob and George, both bom in Ger- 
many, settled in Morrison's Core, Blair coim- 
ty, but on account of Indian depredations, re- 
turned to ilaryland, until after the Eevolu- 
tionary war. They then went back to Blair 
county, with a sister, afterwards the wife of 
Bishop Conrad Martin, of the Brethren 
church. Several years later Jacob Brum- 
baugh, who was the gi-eat-grandfather of the 
Doctor, bought land in Woodcock valley, 
Huntingdon county, to which he removed, and 
made his home there for the remainder of his 
life. He died in the closing years of the cen- 
tury. His sou, George Brumbaugh, was born 
March 12, 1780. In 1800 he married Maria 
Bowers; their children are: Isaac; Jacob; 
and John. George Brumbaugh died August 
6, 1849; his wife died December 15, 1857. 
He was a bishop in the church of the Brethren, 
and was succeeded in his office by his eldest 
son, Isaac, now deceased; John Brumbaugh 
also is a minister of the gospel. The second 
son, Jacob Brumbaugh, was born on the home- 
stead in Penn township, July 4, 1806. In 
1831 he married Eachel Boyer; their children 
are: Henry, a farmer; George B., a pastor; 
Andrew Boelus, !M. D. ; Abraham W., died 
November 26, 1869; Rebecca (Mrs. R. Ma- 
son); Mary (Mrs. John Foust); Catherine 
(Mrs. John Eodgers); Rachel (Mrs. R. A. 
Zook); Prof. Jacob H., a noted Pennsylvania 
teacher; and David, deceased during his boy- 
hood. Andrew B. Brumbaugh was engaged 
in farm work, and attended the district school 
near his father's residence, but disliking rural 
employments, he spent his early manhood in 
house carpentry and cabinet-making. Dui'ing 
these years of labor, he advanced his education 
by private study, mastering the branches of a 
higlier English education, including the phy- 
sical sciences, aud adding German, Latin and 
Greek. He attained a prominent place as a 
teacher, and in 1854 was a member of the sec- 
ond annual county teachers' institute held in 
his native county; he continued teaching in 
the public and other schools of the county for 
the ensuinc nine vears. He becan the studv 

of medicine in 1862, under Dr. John H. 
Wintrode, of Marklesburg (now deceased), 
and entered the medical department of the 
University of Pennsylvania in 1863, gi-aduat- 
ing with the degree of Doctor of Medicine in 
1866. On April 5 of the same year, he be- 
came a resident of Huntingdon, where he has 
since continued in the successful practice of 
medicine and surgery, and is held in high es- 
teem by the prominent members of the profes- 
sion throughout the country. He is surgeon 
of the Pennsylvania Railroad, and has met 
witli marked success in his work. He is a 
member of the board of United States exam- 
ining surgeons for the Pension Bureau; a 
member of the Huntingdon County Medical 
Society, was one of its organizers in 1872, and 
has been almost continuously its secretary; a 
member of the Pennsylvania State Medical 
Society; of the American Medical Associa- 
tion; of the Xatioual Association of Rail- 
way Sui'geons, and of the American Acad- 
emy of Railway Surgeons. In the midst 
of a very busy life he finds time to keep 
abreast of the rapid progress of the nine- 
teenth century in medical science, and has 
on more than one occasion read papers of 
great interest and practical usefulness be- 
fore the medical societies of Pennsylvania 
aud the Xational Association of Railway 
Surgeons. Dr. Brumbaugh was one of the 
founders of the Juniata College at Hunt- 
ingdon, and has been since its establishment 
lecturer on Hygiene, and secretary of the 
board of trustees; was one of the founders of 
the Home for Orphan and Friendless Chil- 
dren, and has been continuously a member of 
the board of trustees. He is county inspector 
of the State Board of Health, and a member 
of the local board. Dr. Brumbaugh is public- 
spirited, decided in his opinions, carrying out 
his convictions against all obstacles and with- 
out regard to the opinions of others. He is 
fond of literary pursuits, and has accumulated 
a great and valuable store of books, literary 
matter and scientific specimens. He is editor 
of the Jttniata Echo, and a member of the 
Juniata Valley and Pennsylvania Editorial 

Dr. Andrew B. Brumbaugh was married, 
October 11, 1859, to ilaria B., daughter of 
Jacob Frank, Esq., of Huntingdon county. 
Their two children. Gains Marcus Brum- 
bauah, :\1. D., aud :Mrs. Cora A. E. Silver- 



thorn, are living to bless tliat union. Dr. 
Brumbaugh is a member of the Brethren 
(German Baptist) church, and has been secre- 
tary of the congregation in Huntingdon since 
its organization in 1S73. 

JOSEPH P. WKs^GATE, of the Pennsyl- 
vania Railroad car shop yards, was born on 
the line between Cambria and Blair counties. 
Pa., ilarch 30, 1850, and is a son of Franklin 
and Margaret (Bell) Wingate. Franklin Win- 
gate was born September 6, 1822; Margaret 
Bell in the same year, on S'ovember 13. 
Franklin Wingate was a carpenter; but during 
his residence in Cambria county, and after- 
wards in Huntingdon, he kept a hotel. These 
parents had twelve children, as follows : Alex- 
ander B., born March 5, IS-io, married to An- 
nie Altz, December 29, 18(38, killed in a 
•wreck on the Pennsylvania Railroad, March 
12, 1885; Jesse B., born Xovember 20, 1844, 
died from the effects of a wound received in 
the service of the Union, during the Rebellion, 
Xovember 15, 1867; William B., born Au- 
gust 3, 1846, man-ied to Sarah Burley, De- 
cember 30, 1871, accidentally shot at Tyrone, 
Pa., July 4, 1872; Jennie T., born July 9, 
1848, married to Jeremiah Thomas, July 2, 
1868, died August 17, 1869; Joseph'P.; 
Franklin P., born September 5, 1852, died 
August 30, 1882; Rebecca Mary, born Au- 
gust 9, 1854, married to Hugh A. Miller, June 
26, 1872, resides in Harrisburg, Pa.; John 
L., born ISTovember 23, 1857, resides in Brock- 
away^dlle, Jefferson county. Pa., is an engi- 
neer on the Philadeli3hia and Erie Low Grade 
Railroad; James C, born December 28, 1858, 
killed in a train wreck September 5, 1884; 
Annie M., born October 4, 1862; Ada Rus- 
sell, wife of Samuel Altz, born March 25, 
1865, died March 13, 1890; and Wilhelmintv 
Adela, born April 2, 1868, wife of Allie Ha- 
mer, of Reeds^alle, Pa. Franklin Wingate, 
the father of the family, died in Saulsburg, 
Huntingdon county, ^May 1, 1868; his wife 
died in Huntingdon, May 2, 1882. 

Joseph P. Wingate came with his ]iarents 
to Huntingdon county when a child, and from 
that time has always been a resident of the 
county, and, during most of the time, of the 
borough. His education having been obtained 
in the common schools of Saulsburg, he went 
to Tyrone, and, after an apprenticeship at car- 
pentry in that place, removed to Huntingdon, 

and worked for a short time at his newly ac- 
quired trade. Since July 7, 1872, he has been 
an efficient and faithful employee of the Penn- 
sylvania Railroad Company ; as a token of the 
esteem in which he was held by the company, 
he was appointed, in 1894, to his present re- 
sponsible i^osition. Mr. Wingate is an active 
member of Juniata Lodge, No. 117, and of 
Mount Hor Encampment, No. 180, I. O. 0. 
F. ; he is a past noble gi-and of his lodge, and 
past chief patriarch of his chapter. Both he 
and his wife are charter members of Delia 
Lodge, No. 78, Daughters of Rebecca. Mr. 
Wingate is also a member of Standing Stone 
Castle, No. 176, K. G. E., and a past officer. 
All these fraternities are of Huntingdon. In 
politics, he is an independent thinker and 

Joseph P. Wingate was married in Hunt- 
ingdon, January 30, 1873, to Martha A., 
daughter of Philip and Matilda Pheasant, res- 
idents of Trough Creek township, Huntingdon 
county, where Mrs. Wingate was born. They 
have no children. Mr. and Mrs. Wingate are 
consistent members of the Second M. E. 
church, of which Mr. Wingate has been a 
steward for twenty-five years. He is a worthy 
and honored citizen. 

DAVID GROVE, Huntingdon, Pa., was 
born about nine miles from Meadville, Craw- 
ford county. Pa., April 2, 1825. He is a son 
of John and Mary (Rupert) Grove. They re- 
moved, when he was b^it eight years of age, 
to Cumberland county, where they resided be- 
tween Shippensburg and New^'ille; their 
next removal, in 1839, was to Henderson 
township, Huntingdon county; the next, to 
L'nion township, in the same county, to a resi- 
dence near Mill Creek. Here Mr. John Grove 
died; his wife died afterwards, at the home 
of her son in Henderson township. They had 
a family of five children; only one, besides 
David Grove, is now living, Samuel, a retired 
farmer of Brady township, Huntingdon 

David Grove, who was the youngest mem- 
ber of the family, was educated in subscription 
schools in Cumberland and Huntingdon coun- 
ties. Soon after the family settled in Hunt- 
ingdon county, he engaged in boating on the 
canal, in which employment he continued for 
seventeen seasons. He was next engaged in 
mercantile business in Hiintinexlon for five 



years. At the end of that time he purchased 
a farm in Henderson township, and cultivated 
it for thirty-two years. In April, 1895, Mr. 
Grove removed to Huntingdon, and lived at 
leisure until January 8, 1896, when he pur- 
chased the grocery establishment to which he 
is now giving his attention. Mr. Grove has 
also a war record. He enlisted, September 
1, 1SG4, in Company Iv, Two Hundred and 
Second Pennsylvania Volunteers, and served 
throughout the war in the same company and 
regiment ; he was mustered out at Harrisburg, 
August 20, 1865, and retiu-ned to his home in 
Henderson township. He has served that 
toAvnship as register and as assessor. He is a 
staunch Republican. Mr. Grove is a citizen 
of excellent repute, influential and highly re- 

David Grove was married to his present 
wife, Mary Ann, widow of Penu Smith, and 
daughter of Peter and Mary Markle, of Wal- 
ker township. Centre county. Pa., on Pebru- 
ary 13, 1891, in Henderson township. They 
have no children; but by pre-s-ious marriages 
Mr. Grove had thirteen children, six of whom 
are living: Samuel, residing on Mason & 
Dixon's line; "William, of Huntingdon; Mar- 
garet (Mrs. Andrew_ Schilling), of Wichita, 
Ean. ; Edwin Stanton, residing near Xorth 
Enid, 0. T. ; Wellington G., a physician, re- 
siding near Buffalo, iS'^. Y. ; and Mollie (Mrs. 
Miles Enders), of Henderson township. Mr. 
Grove is a member of the Baptist church ; his 
wife adheres to the Lutheran denomination. 

JOHX G. BEAVER, Huntingdon, Pa., is 
a sou of the late Anthony and Sarah (Barrick) 
Beaver, and was born in Marklesburg, Hunt- 
ingdon county, June 25, 185-4. Anthony 
Beaver and his ^vife Avere natives of Wood- 
cock Valley; he was a carpenter, and was one 
of the founders of Marklesburg; he built the 
third house in the village, and resided there 
over forty years. He was an influential citi- 
zen, always zealous in promoting the welfare 
of the community in which he lived. He was 
for many years justice of the peace, and was 
a strong supporter of the free school system. 
One of the children of Mr. and Mrs. Anthony 
Beaver, Albert, died in infancy; the others 
are: Melinda, widow of James Dingle, resid- 
ing at South Forks, Cambria county, Pa. ; Mar- 
garet, widow of Allison Hcff'ner, residing near 

Huntingdon; Martha (Mrs. William Spang), 
of Marklesburg, Huntingdon couuty; Oliver, 
of Fairmont, W. Va.; Laura (Mrs. Jacob 
Stone), of Marklesburg; John G.; and Ben- 
jamin P., of Philadelphia, Pa. The parents 
are both deceased, Mr. Beaver ha^-ing been 
killed in trying to stop a runaway team; Mrs. 
Beaver died in 1876. 

The education of John G. Beaver was begun 
at home, in the common schools of Markles- 
burg, and further carried on at the State Xor- 
mal Schools of Shippensburg and Indiana, Pa. 
He was for some time after a teacher in the 
common schools, in his native township, at 
Huntingdon, and at Millersburg, Northum- 
berland county. Later, ]Mr. Beaver was for 
some time in the retail grocery trade in ]\Iark- 
lesburg, and on October 1, 1895, entered into 
partnershijD with T. Franklin Bayer, firm 
name Bayer & Beaver, in the wholesale branch 
of the business. The firm occupies a leading 
position. Mr. Beaver has served three terms 
on the school board of Marklesburg, besides 
holding some minor oflices. He is a member 
of Atlas Castle, Xo. 322, K. of G. E., Markles- 

John G. Beaver was married at Markles- 
burg, February 20, 1882, to Ada E., daughter 
of Rev. C. H. and jSTancv Reiter. Their chil- 
dren are: Mabel IsT. ; Edwin E.; Annie L. ; 
May; and Ada. JMr. and Mrs. Beaver are 
members of the M. E. chiu-ch. 

RODGERS K. FOSTER, Esq.. Hunting- 
don, Pa., was born in Phillipsburg, Pa., March 
8, 1866. He is a son of the Rev. Milton K. 
Foster, D. D., and Martha Hueston (Rodgers) 
Foster, who now reside in Williamsport, Pa. 
Rev. Dr. Foster is of Scotch-Irish descent, and 
was born in Le^dsben-y, York county, Pa. He 
has been for thirty-five years a clergyman of 
the ]\I. E. church. Mrs. Foster's ancestors 
were English and Irish; her birthplace was 
Philadelphia. Of their five children, two died 
in childhood, and two, besides Mr. S. K. Fos- 
ter, survive, and reside with their parents in 
Williamsport; Mary Lydia and Milton Hugh. 

First a schoolboy in the public schools of 
Altoona, Pa., then for two years a student at 
Bucknell LTniversity, Lewisburg, Pa., and for 
four years at Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pa., 
and a graduate of the latter institution in 
1886— such was, in brief, the scholastic train- 
ing of Rodgers Iv. Foster. He took up the 



study of law under the preceptorship of Hon. 
George B. Orlady, and was admitted to the 
Huntingdon coimtv bar in October, 1SS8. 
Mr. Foster adheres to the Kepublican party. 

Eodgers K. Poster was married in Hunting- 
don January 1, IS'JO, to Alice B., daughter of 
S. B. and Mary Chaney, of Huntingdon. 
They have two childreij : Hugh B. and Don- 
ald E. Mr. and ]\Irs. Foster arc members of 
the M. E. church. 

born in Jersey Shore, Lycoming county. Pa., 
April 19, 1870, and is a son of John and Ma- 
tilda (Geiger) Slonaker. John Slonaker was 
born in Jersey Shore, January 1, 1821; he 
passed his life in the same county, and was a 
lumber dealer. Mrs. John Slonaker was born 
in Millersburg, Dauphin county. Pa., in 1830. 
Their family consisted of nine children; two 
died in childhood, and Martha A., wife of 
Thomas H. Burch, of ISTew York City, died 
November 2, 1892. The remaining children 
are: Josephine, wife of John G. Calvert, of 
Jersey Shore; Willard, residing in Jersey 
Shore ; Menetta ; John, Jr. ; Andrew, a dentist, 
residing at present in Italy; and Edgar M. 
The father of the family died in Jersey Shore, 
May 10, 1892, and his wife in the same year, 
on the 27th of December. 

Edgar M. Slonaker was educated in the 
conmion schools of Jersey Shore, and lived in 
that town until 1892. In that year he grad- 
uated from the Pennsylvania College of Den- 
tal Surgery, Philadelphia, Pa., after two 
^•ears' study at that institution. Since his 
graduation he has practiced dentistry unin- 
terruptedly in Huntingdon. 

Dr. Slonaker is an active member of the 
lodge of I. O. O. F. at Jersey Shore, and of 
P. O. S. of A., Huntingdon. His politics arc 
Eepubliean. Dr. Slonaker is unmarried. 

GEOEGE D. HAEMAX, M.D., physician 
and surgeon, Huntingdon, Pa., was born near 
Belleville, Union township, Mifflin county. 
Pa., ilay 16, 1854, son of Le^vis and ]Mary 
Jane (Gable) Harman. Lewis Harman was 
born in Union township, Mifflin county, Jan- 
uary 2-1, 1826; his parents were Jacob and 
Polly (Wian) Harman, for many years resi- 
dents of that county. Mrs. Lewis Harman 
was born January 30, 1828, daughter of 
George Gable, a resident of Brady township, 

Huntingdon county, and his wife Elizabeth 
(Weaver) Gable, both natives of Lancaster 
county. Mr. Gable died at the age of thirty- 
three. The Doctor's parents spent their lives 
in Union township, Mifflin county, ^Ir. Har- 
man being a farmer. Their children are: 
Melissa E., born December 7, 1850, widow of 
James M. Harman, residing at Belleville, 
Union township; William M., born February 
25, 1852, also residing at Belleville; George 
G.; Jacob Edward, born September 27, 185"6, 
resides at Yira, IMifflin county; Martha J., 
born aSTovember 2, 1858, died February 6, 
1859; Philip M., born September li, 1860, 
resides in LTnion township, near Belleville; 
Martha Catherine, born December -4, 1864, 
resides in Huntingdon; John Le'wis, born 
April 4, 1866, resides at McKeesport, Pa.; 
Mary Jane, born July 14, 1868, wife of 
Frank Haffly, of Union toAvnship ; and Thomas 
I., born May 24, 1870, a resident of Belle- 
ville. The mother, Mrs. Lewis Harman, died 
August 4, 1880; her husband survived her 
for fifteen years, dying at Belleville, Decem- 
ber 23, 1895. 

Dr. George G. Hannan passed his early 
boyhood at the home of his grandmother, Mrs. 
Elizabeth Gable, in Allensville, Mifflin coun- 
ty, but when about twelve years old he re- 
tiu'ued to his father's house. His scholastic 
education was begun in the common schools 
of Allensville, and further carried on at 
Kishacoquillas Seminary, Kishacoquillas, 
]\fifflin county, and at Susquehanna Univer- 
sity, Selin's Grove, Snyder county. Pa. Dur- 
ing his recent years, he taught school for four 
winter terms in Huntingdon and Mifflin coun- 

Dr. Harman be£>-an the studv of medicine 
in the office of M. F. Hudson, M. D., at Belle- 
ville: entei'ed Jefferson Medical College, at 
Pliil;id('l)ihia, in 1878, and graduated March 
13, l.'-'SO. He at once opened an office in Al- 
lensville, where he practised until 1882; from 
that time until the spring of 1887 he prac- 
tised in Eeedsville, Mifflin county, and since 
the latter date, in Huntingdon. He is assist- 
ant siirgeon of the Fifth Eegiment, National 
Guard, and !-; coniui-rcd with the Association 
of Military Siivi;v(,ii-. as well as with the coun- 
ty, state and )Kiti..iKii medical societies. 

The Doctor is an active member of Lewis- 
town Lodge, Xo. 203, Lewistown, Pa.: of 
Standing Stone Chapter, No. 201, Hunting- 



don; of Huntingdon Coniuiandcry, Xo. O.j, 
K. T., and of Standing Stone Conclave. Xo. 
134, I. O. H. He is a Eepubliean, and has 
served the connty as coroner for six years. 
He is a director in the Provident Building 
and Loan Association. He was recently elect- 
ed burgess of Huntingdon. 

Dr. George G. Harnian was marricil :it Afill 
Creek, Huntingdon county, Octolx r i'."'. l--^:.', 
to Eva M., daughter of Amos and I'ili/.alii-tli 
Smucker; Mr. Sraucker was born in Mifflin 
county, and now resides at Ardenheim, Plunt- 
ingdon county ; his wife, a native of "Wurtem- 
berg, Germany, died May 9, 1893. Mrs. Har- 
man's native place was Brady township, Hunt- 
ingdon county, Avliere she was born January 
29, 1858. Dr. and Mrs. Harman have four 
sons: Earle S., born March 20, 1884; Paul, 
born February 7, 1886, died July 1, of the 
same year; Jay L., born August 1-t, 1888; 
and George Blair, born September 24, 1895. 
The Doctor and his wife are active members 
of St. James' Lutheran church, he having 
been in the church council ever since he be- 
came a resident of Huntingdon ; for four years 
he was superintendent of the Sunday-school. 
He is president of the Huntingdon branch, 
Y. M. C. A. 

J. RAXDOLPH SBIPSOX, attorney-at- 
law, Huntingdon, Pa., was born in this bor- 
ough December 13, 1841. He is a son of S. 
and Elizabeth (Ridenour) Simpson. The 
Sim]i.-(Ui family is of Scotch descent. Mr. J. 
E. Siiiip-oirs t;r:iiiilfafli('r settled immediately 
after the Kcvolufion within the present limits 
of Huntingdon borough, and thus is to be re- 
membered as one of the earliest residents here. 
His youngest child, born June 21, 1798, was 
the father of J. Randolph. 

In his early life on the farm, and his educa- 
tion in the boroii-li schools, J. Randolph 
Simpson beloiii;s entirely to Huntingdon. His 
school trainini; tiiiislicd. lie became for a time 
clerk in a store. In August, 1862, he enlisted 
in Company C, One Hundred and Twenty- 
fifth Pennsylvania Volunteers, but being se- 
verely wounded at the battle of Antietam, 
September 17, 1862, he w^as discharged from 
the service. Returning to Huntingdon, he 
taught school for two years. In 1864 he be- 
gan the study of law, his preceptor being Hon. 
A. W. Benedict, and was admitted to the bar 

in 1S66. ;Mr. Simpson has done good service 
to his county as prothonotary, which office he 
filled for four years, and declined a renomina- 
tion. For nine successive years he has been 
a school director. His political convictions 
are Republican. 

J. Randolph Simpson was married in Hunt- 
ingdon to Jennie ]\I., daughter of John and 
Jane Bro\\^l. Of their eight children, three 
died in childhood; those remaining are: 
George E., of Xew York City; Warren B., 
partner in his father's law business; Barton 
L., clerk in Union Xational Bank of Hunt- 
ingdon; Helen M. and Charles R. Mr. Simp- 
son attends the Presbyterian church. 

FRAXCIS 0. BEATER, Huntingdon, 
Pa., was born in AVeinsberg, Germany, Xo- 
vember IS, 1835. He was educated in the 
excellent schools of his native land, and there 
began to learn his trade, that of monumental 
marble working. In 1832 Mr. Beaver emi- 
grated to America, and first resided in York, 
Pa., biit later removed to Frederick City, Md. 
At the latter place he perfected himself in his 
chosen handiwork. In 1861 he went to Em- 
mettsburg, Md., resided there until 1864, and 
then removed to Huntingdon, of which bor- 
ough he has ever since been a resident, carry- 
ing on the business of marble working on his 
own account. Over thirty years of residence, 
with the record of an upright and useful citi- 
zen, have given IMr. Beaver the standing of 
a much respected member of the community. 
He is a member of Juniata Lodge, Xo. 117, 
I. O. 0. F., also of Mount Hor Encampment, 
Xo. 170, of the same order. He has always 
adhered to the Democratic party. 

Francis O. Beaver was married in Hunting- 
don, in December, 1864, to Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of the late Daniel and Catherine Flenner, 
of McConnellstown, Huntingdon comity. 
Three of their five children died in infancy. 
The survivors are: Ida (Mrs. Ard Baker); and 
George D., both residing in Huntingdon. The 
family are members of the ]\Iethodist Epis- 
copal church, but ^Ir. Beaver still holds his 
membership in the Lutheran denomination. 

JOSEPH C. JACKSOX, Huntingdon, 
Huntingdon coiinty. Pa., son of George and 
Fanny A. (Henry) Jackson, was born in Jack- 
son township, Huntingdon county, Xovember 
11, 1847. The township received its name in 



honor of his grandfather, Joseph Jackson. 
Mr. and Mrs. George Jackson were both of 
Scotch- Irish descent, and both born in what 
was called Barree township, the fornaer June 
17, 1S07, the latter November 15, 1823. Both 
were of the families of early settlers of the re- 
gion. Mr. Jackson was a farmer. Their chil- 
dren are: Joseph C,; and Fannie, bom Au- 
gust 9, 1851, died September 6, 1877. By 
a former marriage Mr. Jackson had four chil- 
dren; two now survive: Hugh, of Barree 
township; and William, of Jackson township, 
Huntingdon county. Mrs. Fanny A. Jackson 
died February 16, 1882, and ilr. George 
Jackson July 20, 188-1. 

Joseph C. Jackson, brought up in the com- 
fortable farm house of his father, attended first 
the common schools of Jackson township. He 
afterwards became a student at Washington 
and Jefferson College, and having completed 
his course there, read law with Messrs. Petri- 
kin & Massey, of HuntinndDn. In 1872 he 
was admitted to pnictirc Mf ilio Huntingdon 
county bar: was elci-rcil district attorney in 
1875, and filled the ofiice acceptably for one 
term. For the past three years he has acted 
as clerk for county auditors. In 1897 he was 
appointed borough attorney and deputy coun- 
ty treasurer. He is a Democrat. 

^Ir. Jackson was married in Barree town- 
ship, January 27, 1874, to Fannie C, daugh- 
ter of Joseph and Margaret Forrest, now both 
deceased. Tlicir diililn-n are: Margaretta F., 
Heni-y C., died a-cd -ixtcen years; Catherine; 
Francis M. and ( 'iKii-l.itte. Mr. Jackson and 
his familv attend the Prcsbvterian church. 

intendent of State Reformatory, Huntingdon, 
Huntingdon county. Pa., was born at Blair 
Furnace, Blair coiinty. Pa., May 6, 1847, son 
of George W. and Mary (Burket) Patton. 
George "W. Patton was born in Woodcock val- 
ley, Huntingdon county, September 6, 1817; 
he was a son of John and Rebecca Patton, 
and resided in Huntingdon county until about 
1846. From 1852 to 1876. he was a resident 
of Altoona, Blair county. Pa. He was en- 
gaged in mercantile business. In 1861 he was 
appointed postmaster of Altoona, and re-ap- 
pointed in 1865, serving two terms. He sub- 
sequently received the appointment of asso- 
ciate judge of Blair county, and served one 
term. Mr. Patton took an active part in pub- 

lic affairs in Altoona, serving as chief burgess 
and as school director, and being a member of 
the board of managers of the Altoona Gas 
Company, and a director of the Altoona Iron 
Company. In 1876 he removed to Philadel- 
phia, where he was employed in the freight 
department, Pennsylvania Railroad, until the 
date of his death, March 7, 1882. Mr. Patton 
was prominent in Masonic circles; was also 
active in politics as an adherent of the Re- 
publican party. George W. Patton was first 
married in Sinking Valley, Blair county, June 
10, 1845, to Mary, daughter of Peter and 
Barbara (Xeff) Burkhart, who was born in 
Sinking valley, Xovember 1, 1825. The 
children of this marriage are: Theodore Blair; 
William Augustus, of Philadelphia, born at 
Union Furnace, October 21, 1849; and John 
Howard, of Greensburg, Pa., born at Union 
Furnace, July 29, 1851. Mrs. Mary (Burk- 
hart) Patton died at Altoona, March 28, 1856. 
Mr. Patton's second marriage took place at 
Altoona, December 19, 1861, to Emma J., 
daughter of John and Susan Hawksworth, ot 
that town. The children of this second union 
are: Mary Virginia (Mrs. Harold A. Free- 
man), of Philadelphia, born at Altoona, aSTo- 
vember 3, 1865; and Maggie Murray, born 
at Altoona, July 3, 1870, \lied in Philadel- 
phia, December''l5, 1889. 

Living throiighout his earliest years with his 
parents in Altoona, Theodore Blair Patton re- 
ceived his education in the public schools of 
that borough. His first experience of business 
was as a news agent; the next, as mail carrier 
between the post-office and the railroad trains, 
after which he became clerk in the post-office, 
and, in 1865, postal clerk. He next entered 
the banking house of W. M. Lloyd & Co., of 
Altoona, and was in banking business until 
1873. In that year lie region, .,1, and was em- 
ployed by the Key<toiM' Ijdicl Company to 
act as clerk at Cresscm, I'a.. during the simi- 
mer, and at Altoona in the winter season. In 
1876 he entered the office of the superintend- 
ent of transportation, Pennsylvania Railroad, 
and remained until March, 1877, when he was 
appointed postmaster at Altoona; he was ap- 
pointed for four successive terms, serving con- 
tinuously until May 1, 1891, when he resigned 
to assume his present position. Mr. Patton 
was, previous to his appointment, a member 
of the board of management of the institution ; 
the appointment was conferred soon after the 



Reformatory was opened. For a number of 
terms he served as secretary of the eonncil of 

Theodore l^lair Patton was married in Al- 
toona, [March 9, 1S71, to Susan L., daughter 
of David Karaev, a native of "Williamsport, 
Pa. They have two sons : David Ramey, born 
in Altoona, Xovember 10, 1872; and Frank 
Blair, born in Altoona July 31, 1879. The 
family are members in good standing of the 
Lutheran church. 

liusiness on his own account in Huntingdon, 
and has continued in the same ever since. His 
political views are liberal. 

Jacob H. Black was married in Sunljury, 
December 20. 1S7.', to Emma C, daughter of 
John W. niid Margaret Fryling, of that town. 
Mr. Fryling is di-ceased, but his wife survives 
him. The children of Mr. and Mrs. Black are: 
John T. ; Elsie D. ; Ross E.; Edward F. ; Ra- 
chel; Joel FI. ; and Laura. Mr. and Mrs. Black 
are members of the Methodist Episcopal 

JACOB H. BLACK, Huntingdon, Pa., 
was born in Huntingdon, December 7, 1S48, 
son of William H. and Susan (Hoffman) 
Black. From his ancestors, both paternal and 
maternal, Mr. Black inherits the German 
blood which has imparted to the Pennsylvania 
community some of its best and most enduring 
qualities. The SchAvartz (Black) and Hoff- 
man families both came at an early date to this 
country. George Schwartz, grandfather of J. 
H. Black, came to Huntingdon from Lancaster 
county in 1796, a little more than a century 
ago. He was a cooper, and was already able, 
at the time of his marriage to Catherine Zim- 
merman, in 1804, to purchase the home in 
which the young couple kept house, and in 
which he lived until the time of his death, 
when he was eighty-three years old. He was a 
faithful and influential member of the ^leth- 
odist church. His children were eight in num- 
ber, all sons. The seventh son, William H., 
married Susan, daughter of Dr. Jacob and 
Anna (Funk) Hoffman. Their children are: 
William A., of Cedar Rapids, Iowa; Laura G. 
(Mrs. T. T. Morgan), of Kansas City, Mo.; 
and Jacob H. William H. Black was a car- 
penter; he spent his whole life in Huntingdon, 
and died at the age of twenty-nine. 

Like his father, Jacob H. Black has dwelt 
all his life, excepting only a few years, in the 
same borough. After his education, begun in 
the Huntingdon common schools, had been 
completed at Millersville State Xormal School 
and he had graduated there \v\i\\ the class of 
'69, he taught school in Huntingdon, and was 
for two terms principal of the borough high 
school. In 1876-77, he was superintendent of 
the public schools of Snnbury and North- 
umberland, Pa. During the time intervening 
between his teaching engagements, Mr. Black 
studied the drug business in Lock Haven and 
Sunbury, Pa. In 1SS7 he engaged in that 

L. RICHTER BROWX, Huntingdon. Pa., 
eldest son of Philip and Mina Brown, was born 
in Huntingdon, February 2, 1861. He was 
educated in the common schools of his native 
town. At the age of nine years he began to 
learn cabinet making, which calling he fol- 
lowed until 1895. On April 1, 1889, he be- 
came a partner in the firm of Philip Brown's 
Sons, and on April 1, 1895, also became pro- 
prietor of the Hallman House, Huntingdon, 
Pa. He is a member and P. X. G. of Juniata 
Lodge, Xo. 117, I. O. O. F. ; also a past chief 
patriarch of Mount Hor Encampment, Xo. 
180, Huntingdon. He is secretary of the 
Huntingdon Fire Co. Xo. 1. Mr. Brown is 
a Democrat. 

May 24, 1883, L. Richter Bro-mi was mar- 
ried in Huntingdon to Laura Virginia, daugh- 
ter of Alexander and Maria Grove, of Bed- 
ford county, now residing at Waterside, that 
county. The children of this maiTiage are: 
Alexander Philip, died aged three years; Alice 
Paulina; Adam Paul, died aged six years; and 
Adeline Phvllis. 

HORACE B. DUXX, district attorney, 
Huntingdon, Pa., was born in Huntingdon, 
Januai'y 7, 1858. He is the only son of the 
late DaA'id and Annie (Ferguson) Dunn. 

David Dunn was born in Morris township, 
Huntingdon county, July 4, 1820. His father, 
John Dunn, was a native of Ireland, and 
served valiantly in the United States army in 
the war of 1812. His mother was Catherine, 
daughter of Christian Harnish, one of the pio- 
neers of Canoe valley. He had one brother, 
John Dunn, and one sister, Mary A. Dunn, 
both now deceased. His father d_A-ing when 
he was only eight years of age, and his mother 
being poor, he was early throA^Ti upon his own 
resources. For a few years he taught school in 
different parts of the county, after which he 


was clerk in the store of Major "William Moore 
at Manor Hill. Following this he was for a 
number of years connected with the manage- 
ment of Coleraiu Forges, E,ock Hill Fnrnace 
and Aetna Fnrnace. While at Rock Hill he 
became acquainted Avith Miss Annie Fergu- 
son, youngest daughter of David Ferguson, a 
pioneer settler of Path valley, Franklin 
coimty. She became his wife un the :ir)th day 
of September, XS-i9. They lia.l t\v,> .-liildren: 
Horace B., born January 7, isr,s; ('di-a, born 
August 26, 1859, and died March 31, 1864. 
About 1853, Mr. Dunn removed to Hiinting- 
don, and engaged in the general mercantile 
business at the old Cornpropst stand on the 
Pennsylvania Canal. He had for his partner 
at different times C.cdrue Couch, Abraham 
Harnish and AlcxMinlcr 1!. Cunningham. In 
1862, he associated liimself with Col. J. J. 
Lawrence, Tinder the firm name of Dunn et 
Lawrence, in the business of mining and ship- 
23ing Broad Top coal from their leased mines 
at Broad Top and Fair Play, continuing in this 
business until 1866. He nextplunged into the 
wilderness of Clearfield county, manufactur- 
ing and shipijing staves for the Cuban trade, 
which was his last active business venture. 
The last days of his life were chiefly spent in 
managing his farm in "Walker township. For 
many years he was a ruling elder and Sabbath- 
school superintendent in the Reformed church 
of Huntingdon. He was an "Old Line 
"Whig," and later an ardent Republican. His 
manner was aggressive and social and his char- 
acter above reproach, and when he died on the 
13tli day of January, 1885, in his 65th year, 
the borough of Huntingdon lost one of its best 

Horace B. Dunn attended the public schools 
of Huntingdon and the Huntingdon Academy. 
In 1880 he began the study of law in the office 
of K. Allen Lovell, Esq., and was admitted to 
the Huntingdon county bar December IS, 
1882, since which time he has been actively 
engaged in the practice of his profession. Mr. 
Dunn was chairman of the Republican county 
committee in 1887, '90 and '91, and secretary 
of the committee in 1884, '86 and '89. In 
1889 he was elected a member of the borough 
council of Himtingdon, and was re-elected in 
1892, serving six years. In January, 1894, he 
was appointed county solicitor by the county 
commissioners, and served in this capacity im- 
til January 4, 1897, when he entered upon his 

duties as district attorney of Huntingdon 
county, having been elected to that office on 
the Republican ticket at the preceding No- 
vember election. He is resident attorney for 
the Mercantile Agency of R. G. Dun ct Com- 
pany, and the "Washington National Building 
and Loan Association. 

On May 30, 1888, Horace B. Dunn was 
inarried to Miss Clara A. "Williams, of Port- 
land, Mich. They have two sons: David and 
Robert "W. He has been a member of the Re- 
formed church since the year 1874. 

The McCaethy Family. 
HEXRY McCarthy, of wli.,m the Mc- 
Carthys of LIuntingdon county are the de- 
scendants, was of Scotch-Irish lineage, and 
came to this country from County Down, Ire- 
land, just before the Revolutionary war. He 
at once enlisted to fight for the liberties of his 
adopted country. He was in many battles, 
and several times narrowly escaped death. 
'Tie frequently .entertained us," says Judge 
C. R. McCarthy, "with thrilling stories of the 
war. At one time, when the colonial forces 
were overpowered and compelled to flee, an 
English officer pursuing called to a comrade 
of McCarthy to halt. Upon looking back, the 
latter saw his comrade fall under the officer's 
sword, and in the next moment, the officer, 
who was mounted, would have been Tipon Mc- 
Carthy, had he not bounded over a ditch which 
the officer's horse refused to cross." He said 
that he saw General "Washington but once dur- 
ing the war. Shortly after the war, Henry ]\Ic- 
Carthy married Miss Margaret McDowell, of 
Franklin county, and to them were born three 
children, a son and two daughters. From 
Franklin county he removed to Huntingdon, 
when that town consisted of only a few log 

"We frecjuently heard him sjieak," says 
Judge McCarthy, "of William Smith, the 
founder of Huntingdon. He said Smith was 
kind and obliging, if one knew how to ap- 
proach him, but was vei'y eccentric, as may be 
seen from the following incident: McCarthy, 
wishing stones to build a chimney, loaded his 
wagon from Smith's land. Smith, arriving at 
this juncture, said, 'Wlio gave thee orders to 
tak' these stanesf 'Xo one,' said ^McCarthy, 
T thought I was doing you a kindness.' 
'Dear mon,' said he, 'you have a queer way of 
showing vour kindness; these are my stanes; 


thi-ow them out, every oue of tbem.' ]\Ie- 
Cartliy obeyed. A few days latei-, however, a 
man named Smiley was found by Smith load- 
ing upon his wagon the same stones which 
McCarthy had been compelled to unload. 
'Who gave thee orders to tak' these stanesT 
he said. 'Xo one,' said Smiley. 'Throw them 
out, every one of them; these are Henry Mc- 
Carthy's stanes.' McCarthy, hearing this, 
hauled away the stones, a]id Smith was en- 
tirely satisfied that he should have them." 

After living in Huntingdon about six or 
eight years, Henry McCarthy removed to 
Mifflin county, near Xewton Hamilton, and 
about twelve years later to West Kishaco- 
quillas valley, Huntingdon county, where 
he spent the remainder of his life, dying 
at the age of eighty-nine years. His vnie, a 
good Christian Avoman, had preceded him to 
the grave by about twelve years. Henry Mc- 
Carthy was a man of unusual intelligence. His 
remarkable store of information and fine sense 
of humor made him welcome in every intel- 
ligent circle. He was a consistent Christian, 
and served for some years as elder in the Pres- 
byterian church. 

John McCarthy, only son of Henry Mc- 
Carthy, married Miss Amelia Roberts, of 
]\Iaryland. They had six children, a daughter 
and five sons. They began their married life 
in Mifflin county, but soon removed to West 
Kishacoquillas valley, where they passed the 
rest of their lives. They were Presbyterians, 
and before buggies or carriages M'ere known in 
that valley, they frequently walked eight miles 
to the nearest Presbyterian church, making a 
walk of sixteen miles. This they did A^-ith less 
complaint than many modern Christians 
would walk one-tenth the distance. Such ex- 
amples of Christian zeal were quite common 
in those days, but denominational prejudices 
seem to have been stronger then than now, as 
may be seen by an instance in the life of John 
McCarthy. The Christian people of West 
Kishacoquillas had organized a Sabbath- 
school, and as the nicinbcrs wvw about equallv 
divided iKtNv,-.-,, tl„. .M,.tl„„li>t and Presby- 
terian dcnciuiiiiatic.iis. it was derided that there 
should be a superintendent from each, who 
should serve on alternate Sabbaths. John Mc- 
Carthy was selected from the Presbyterian, 
and John Given from the Methodists. One 
Sabbath, Mr. ^IcCarthy, in the course of some 
I'cmarks, said that it is our dutv to love God 

and keep His commandments. "True," he said. 
"it is not possible in this life to keep the com- 
mandments perfectly, but it is our duty to do 
so as nearly as possible." At this point, the 
other superintendent interrupted him in a 
very excited manner, saj-ing that he did not 
believe in teaching children any such doctrine, 
as it is not true; that God has enjoined upon 
all to keep His commandments, and that He 
does not require what is impossible; a perfect 
life is ]i(is>ililc, etc. Tlic discission became 
general ami :iiiiiii:itiMl. the n >i,li being that the 
union SaliKaili-i-hnu! was ili-iiii^sed that day, 
not to meet again. 

John McCarthy was a good citizen and a 
devout Christian, and enjoyed the highest es- 
teem of all who knew him. He died in 1849, 
at the age of seventy-three. His wife, an in- 
telligent and jjious woman, of remarkably 
strong character, sur^dved her husband about 
ten years. The sons and daughters mentioned 
above were: Henry L.; John R.; Winchester; 
William A. ; Charles R. ; and Margaret E. The 
four sons first named Avere all teachers in select 
and public schools, and so successful were they 
that they ha^-ing once taught in a place, any of 
them could hold the position as long as he 
might desire. All the members of this family 
are now dead, except ex-Judge C. R. Mc- 
Carthy, now of Philadelphia. Heniw L., John 
R. and Winchester each died in the seventy- 
third year of his age; Margaret E. at the age 
of about sixty-five years, and "\^'illiam A., 
aged about fifty-five. 

Henry L. McCarthy, who married !Mrs. 
Margaret Scott, lived many years in West 
Kishacoquillas valley, and afterwards re- 
moved to Huntingdon, where he died, Febru- 
ary 19, 1879. He served one term as county 
commissioner, and many years as justice of the 
peace, and was well known as a careful and 
competent surveyor. He had not enjoyed the 
advantages of a liberal education, and yet the 
accuracy of his knowledge of literature and of 
a number of the sciences was something re- 
markable. As a Christian, he was consistent 
and faithful, a member of the Presbyterian 
church, in which he served as an elder. As a 
citizen he was patriotic and loyal, as is evi- 
denced by the fact that his three sons and two 
ste])sons were all in the Union army during the 
civil war. His eldest son, Miles McCarthy, 
after having passed safe through almost three 
vears of active service in the armv of the Po- 



tomac, was killed in a skirmish. The second 
son, Dr. A. R. McCarthy, now of Mount 
Union, Pa., was at the front during most of 
the Civil war, seeing much hard service. After 
the war he taught in the public schools, then 
read medicine, and has for a number of years 
practiced his profession successfully at his 
IDresent home. Seely B. McCarthy, the third 
son, who was a postal clerk on the P. R. R. for 
a number of years, is now living in California. 
John Roberts McCarthy, second son of 
John McCarthy, married Eleanor Lane in 
1837. They lived for more than thirty years 
in West Kishacoquillas valley, where they 
reared a family of ten children, seven sous and 
three daughters. Of these children all 
are now living except two: Mary, wlio 
died at the age of three years, and John 
S., who was killed in the battle of An- 
tietam, September 17, 1862, while yet a 
mere youth. He was a young man of ex- 
cellent talent, manly physique, dauntless cour- 
age, and unspotted Christian character. John 
Roberts McCarthy was a teacher in district 
and pri\-:itr sdiouls for more than tbii-ty years. 
Many of lii- piiiiils are still livinir, mid will ro- 
memiicr him as une of the best fraclici'-^ they 
ever knew, being far in advaiic-c "f iiinsf teach- 
ers of that day in scholavsliip ami a'lniinistra- 
tive ability. He excelled cs]jccially as a dis- 
ciplinarian, being able to preserve with ap- 
parent ease the best of disciisline in schools 
that were unmanageable to the average teach- 
er, and such schools were not uncommon in 
those days. He read much, and, having a re- 
tentive memoi'y, he illustrated the saying that 
"Much reading maketh a ±\ill man." To his 
children and pupils he was a good substitute 
for Webster's Unabridged. Though a self- 
made man, he was able to converse intelligent- 
ly upon almost any subject. A life-long Chris- 
tian and member of the Presbyterian church, 
his pure life left its impress upon all who 
knew him. During an intimate acquaintance 
of twenty-five years, the writer never heard 
him utter a harsh sentence or express an ig- 
noble thought. He died on his farm at Atkin- 
son's Mills, Mifilin county, Pa., iSTovember 14, 
ISSl, in the seventy-third year of his age. His 
wife, Eleanor Lane [McCarthy, has now at- 
tained the advanced age of eighty-one yeal's, 
still vigorous in mind and body. The evening 
of her life is like the evening of a beautiful 
June day, all whose hoiu's have scattered sun- 

shine and warmth and fragrant flowers. Thus 
the sunshine of her smile, the warmth of her 
sympathy, and the beautiful flowers qf her 
kindly acts, have cheered many hearts, and 
shall linger as a lovely memory with those who 
have long known her. 

As stated above, eight of the children of 
John R. and Eleanor L. ilcCarthy are still 
living: James W.; Edwin S.; C. Ruf us; also 
Mrs. L. A. Pollock, are now living in Hunt- 
ingdon, Pa. Drs. H. C. McCarthy and Sam- 
uel L. McCarthy live in Altoona, Pa., and Mrs. 
Samuel Ebert at Loysville, Peny county, Pa. 
James W. McCarthy, the eldest son, taught 
fur a number of years. He was afterwards a 
farmer and stock dealer in Mifflin county, and 
is now engaged in the livery business at Hunt- 

Dr. H. C. McCarthy assisted on his father's 
farm, and taught for some years; then he grad- 
uated in medicine from Jefferson Medical Col- 
lege, and has practised his 25i'ofession success- 
fully for about twenty-five years, chiefly at 
Petersburg and Altoona, Pa. At the latter 
pla.M. he has jiracticcd f,,r alM„if seven vears, 
and elljovslheeste.'IH a... 1 e, „, |idei,.-e n,,i ,,i,lv 

..f a eeiistaiitly i;Tuwiiiir iiatn.nai^e, l.ut also of 
his fellow physicians, who recently elected 
him president of the Medical Academy of Al- 
toona and Blair coimty. Dr. McCarthy has 
always possessed the happy faculty of seeing 
the humorous side of everything, and if it be 
true that a good laugh lengthens life, his ir- 
resistible wit has done more in the interest of 
longevity than one physician could be expect- 
ed to accomplish through the channels of ma- 
teria medica. He is prosi>erous, and lives in a 
beautiful home on Eighth avenue, Altoona. 

Dr. S. L. McCarthy began teaching at the 
early age of sixteen, graduated in medicine in 
1870, entered at once upon a lucrative prac- 
tice, and has met with marked success ever 
since. He is not only a jwactitioner of ac- 
knowledged skill and ability, but is well 
known as a successful business man. For the 
jiast tifreon years he has practiced medicine in 
Altoona, where he has accumulated consider- 
able property. He is now president of the 
Blair County Medical Association. Being a 
self-made man, he is a good example of what 
may be accomplished by any young man who 
possesses integrity, pluck and perseverance. 

Edwin Scott, fifth son of John McCarthy, 
received his education at Princeton College, 


taught for some years, being at one time j^rin- 
cipal of tlie Huntingdon schools, and has since 
been engaged chiefly in the insurance business. 

Charles Rufus McCarthy is the senior mem- 
ber of the well-known tirm of C. R. lS: "W. B. 
McCarthy, Huntingdon, Pa. This firm began 
business in 1889, and by tact and enterprise 
have in eight years built up an excellent trade, 
and now have what many pronounce the finest 
furniture and carpet store in central Penusyl- 
vania. "William B., youngest son of John K. 
McCarthy, and junior member of the above- 
named fijm, a gi-aduate of Washington and 
Jetferson College, shortly after graduating he 
engaged in teaching, and was successful as an 
educator, but finding the close confinement 
wearing upon his health, he turned aside from 
teaching in 1888 and entered business, form- 
ing a partnership with his brother, C. Rufus 

The entire family of John R. McCarthy, 
true to the teaching and example of three gen- 
erations, are all staunch Pi-esbyterians, one of 
them now serving as an elder in the Hunting- 
don Presbyterian church. Their ages now 
range from about forty to fifty-five years. 

Mention has now been made of two sons oi 
John McCarthy, Henry L. and John R., and 
of their families. Of the other descendants of 
John McCarthy, none are now living in the 
territory covered by this encyclopedia, and not 
to prolong this sketch beyond reasonable lim- 
its, we can mention the other families but 
very briefly. Winchester McCarthy married 
Caroline Crissman, and lived all his life in 
Huntingdon and ilifflin counties. He was a 
man of broad intelligence, excellent social 
qualities and strong Christian character; was 
for many years an elder in the Presbj'terian 
church, and died April 6, 1885, in the seventy- 
third year of his age, honored and respected 
by all 'who knew him. Four sons survive him, 
two of them druggists and two machinists, all 
living in Pittsburg, Pa. One of them, W. E. 
McCarthy, aged now about forty years, has 
been remarkably successful in business, hav- 
ing in fifteen years built up a very fine drug 
business; he has accumulated considerable 
real estate in Pittsburg, and was recently 
elected president of one of the Pittsburg 

]\Iargaret E. McCarthy never man-ied. Few 
ministers of the Gospel have a better knowl- 
edge of the Scriptures than she had, and few 

could give wiser counsel to inquirers after the 
truth, or those bowed down with sorrow. She 
died in December, 1S7S, aged about sLxty- 
five years. 

AVilliam A. McCarthy was a teacher, and 
died in 1871, aged about fifty-five years. He 
left but one child, a daughter, Esther B., now 
the wife of Dr. Charles Filbert, of Pine Grove, 

Ex-Judge C. R. McCarthy, now of Pliik\- 
delphia, is the only surviving member of tbe 
third generation of the McCarthys of Hunt- 
ingdon county. For more than thirty -five 
years he has been a contributor to the public 
press, under various noms de plume; possibly 
the most familiar being "Graybeard." Some 
of his writings have been printed in book form 
and in pamphlets. One of these, which has 
gained a pretty wide circulation, is entitled 
"Lost Children of the Alleghenies." He has 
written upon a great variety of subjects, and 
is ahvays interesting, but seems most at home 
when defending the cause of temperance, or 
discussing some question of ethics. He served 
one term as associate judge in Huntingdon 
county, and not only succeeded in closing all 
licensed liquor houses in the county, but pre- 
vented the granting of such licenses during his 
term of five years, though opposed by the pres- 
ident judge, whose opinion against Judge Mc- 
Carthy was reversed in the Supreme Court. 
Judge McCarthy is now past three score 
and ten, but is in vigorous health, and still 
uses his voice and pen eifectively in the cause 
of temperance, morals and religion. — W. 
B. M. 

A. ^I., who prepared the foregoing sketch, has 
said but little concerning himself. He was 
born in West Kishacoquillas Valley, May 9, 
1853. He assisted on his father's farm and 
attended the public schools until he was about 
eighteen years of age, when he began teach- 
ing. Later, he prepared for college at the 
Kishacoquillas Acndimy, and izradiiated from 
Washington ami .l<:tlriv,,ii ('..liege, Washing- 
ton, Pa., in l^^Mi; frniii this institution he af- 
terwards recei^•ed the degree of blaster of 
Arts. After graduating he engaged in teach- 
ing, acting in the ca]>acity of principal in sev- 
eral schools, and teaching the higher branches, 
chiefly German, Latin and Greek. He was 
princi]">al of the schools at Indiana, Pa. ; of the 




.-ivc wiser counsel to inqnir'T- Riter the 
•r those bowed down with ^. ^r <•• She 
11 December, 187S, age<i 

:!liam A. McCarthy w i^ ,: 
iitd iu 1871, aged about 
left but one child, a dau^^^ 
thewifeof Dr. (.'harlesFii.Ka.. ...,,, .. ., . 

Ex-Ji!<l!r« < H. McCanbv «rvw nf Pbila- 

■utor tu tiic 
lie plume; pi 

' lla^ 

■:-. and 

lijue uf uiree g'.-ir ii ai'. , ; jit, at home 

sbyteriaiis, one of when iperance, or 

:• ;„ i:„:. Tlu.,,;;,-- .i;-;^-- 11,. ?.-VVot 

vented the gr:, 
ii^rm of firp •■ 

B. il. 

h. eigh 

• Pittsburg 

iiTied. Few 

Iter knowl- 

Liad, and few 

%6uc/nrO S^ a0lSoi^^J^li^ ^C^^. 



-^f^^^-'zrm ^<7^ 



Wood street school, Youngstown, O. ; and of 
Poland Union Seminary, of which President 
McKinley is a graduate. 

In December, 1882, William B. McCarthy 
married Miss Mary A. Kincr, of Atkinson's 
Mills, Pa., who du-.l Sri-tcmlMT IS, 1884, at 
Poland, O., where .Mr. .\li-( artliy had just en- 
tered ujjon the duties nf principal of Poland 
Union Seminary. He continued teaching in 
Ohio for four years. On July 8, 1886, he 
mari-ied Miss Alice Hine, of Youngstown, O., 
a gTaduate of Poland Union Seminary, and 
later a teacher in the same institution, as also 
in Oberlin and in Elyria, 01ii<i: in all uf which 
places she is held in Iimikh-ciI ami i^ratcful re- 
membrance as a capable, thdi'oiij^lily informed 
and conscientious instructor. The children ol 
Mr. and Mrs. ]\rcCarthy are: Helen Mary, 
born at Poland, O., September 6, 1884; Veda 
Thalia, born at Poland, July 20, 188T; John 
Russell, born at Huntingdon, Pa., Xovember 
15, 1880; Alice Hine, born at Huntingdon, 
July ;](). 1891; and William Vernon, born at 
Huntingdon, December 18, 189-3. Mr. Mc- 
Carthy takes a lively interest in educational 
matters, and is serving his second term as 
member of the Huntingdon school board. Ho 
is active also in church work, serving as su- 
perintendent of the Sabbath-school. He is a 
member of the session and of the board of 
trustees of the Himtingdon Presbyterian 
church. Mr. McCarthy was very successful 
as a teacher; but his health suifered from 
the lack of physical exercise incident to that 
employment, he formed a partnership wdth his 
brother, C. Rufus McCarthy, and the firm is 
now conducting a flourishing business. 

ingdon county. Pa., was born in the Kishaco- 
quillas valley, Huntingdon county, January 
28, 18.50. He is a son of John R. and Eleanor 
L. McCarthy. He received his education in 
the common schools, and has been for a large 
part of his life engaged in agricultural pur- 
suits. In 1888, he turned his attention to mer- 
cantile business, and for the past eight years 
he has been a partner with his brother in the 
popular firm of McCarthy Brothers, furniture 
dealers. By reason of the integrity uniformly 
characterizing its transactions, this firm has ad- 
vanced to a position of commanding import- 
ance in the trade. Their cstaldishmcnt is one 
of tlie finest of the kind in central Pennsylva- 

nia, and is a credit to the intelligent enter- 
prise of its managers. The warerooms are ar- 
ranged in the most convenient and attractive 
manner for the storage and display of stock. 
The stock carried by this firm includes furni- 
ture (if vvrvy imaginable character, illustrat- 
ing cvi'vv pha-c ..f prndnction, and varying in 
value fr.ini the plainest article of every-day 
need to the most elaborate and beautiful speci- 
mens produced by the talent of the designer 
and the skill of the artisan. Much of the ware 
here displayed is really unsurpassed for ele- 
gance of design and tasteful composition. The 
McCarthy Brothers have a high reputation for 
liberal and honorable dealing, and are emi- 
nently popular with their host of patrons. 
Their success has been honestly won and is 
well merited. 

Charles Rufus McCarthy was married at 
McConnellstown, Pa., to Elizabeth May, 
daughter of Joseph and Mary A. Isenberg. 
One of their two children died in infancy; the 
survi^■ing son is named John Donald. Mr. 
and [Mrs. McCarthy are members of the Pres- 
byterian church. Mr. McCarthy is an active 
member of Washington Camp, Xo. 321, P. 0. 
S. of A. His political views are those of the 
Republican party. 

SAMUEL L. McCarthy, M. D., Eighth 
avenue and Fourteenth street, Altoona. Blair 
county, Pa., was born in Brady township, 
Huntingdon county. Pa., March 28, 1844, 
and is a son of John R. and Eleanor (Lane) 
McCarthy. He was reared in Brady township, 
Huntingdon county, and attended the com- 
mon schools of his neighborhood, whei'e he laid 
a foundation on which he continued to build 
by his own unaided efforts, until he had ac- 
quired a good English education and a fair 
knowledge of Latin. He began reading medi- 
cine in 1807, in the office of Dr. Geoi-ge W. 
Thompson, then a prominent physician of Mill 
Creek, but now residing at Mount L'nion, 
Huntingdon county. Mr. McCarthy after- 
wards entered Jefferson Medical College, at 
Philadelphia, graduating with the class of 
1870. He began practice the same year in 
Mill Creek, Huntingdon county; he was in 
continuous and successful practice in the same 
county for sixteen years, the greater part of 
which time he spent at j\Ii!] Creek. In 1884 
he removed to Altoona, and for the past thir- 
teen years has been in general practice in that 



city. Dr. McCarthy lias always been a dili- 
gent student, keeping abreast of the progress 
in medical science, and making himself famil- 
iar with all the new discoveries and theories of 
the day. He has been very successful in his 
treatment of patients, losing but few cases, 
and those of the most severe types of disease, 
throughout his experience of nearly thirty 
years^ His success in cases of typhoid fever 
and membraneous croup has been most note- 
worthy. The Doctor is a member of the Penn- 
sylvania State Medical Society, and of the Al- 
tooua Academy of Medicine; he is president 
of the Blair County iledical Society, to which 
honorable position he was elected in January, 

The political jirinciples of Dr. McCarthy 
are Republican, but the exacting duties 
of his profession leave him but little time 
for pursuing other lines of thought or effort, 
and he has so far contented himself with per- 
forming the duties of good citizenship, leaving 
to others the turmoil attending practical poli- 

Dr. Samuel L. McCarthy was married at 
McYeytown, Mifflin county. Pa., June 28, 
1867, to Lettie, daughter of Robert and Lu- 
cinda Way, both natives of Centre county. 
Pa., the latter still li^-ing, and residing in Al- 
toona. Of the three children of Dr. and Mrs. 
McCarthy, one is deceased. The elder of the 
surviving children is Ida Blanche, wife of F. 
M. McCullough, Esq., a prominent lawyer of 
Altoona. Mrs. McCullough is a charming 
singer, and has delighted large audiences by 
her remarkable musical talent, and her rich, 
melodious voice. She is a graduate of the Al- 
toona high school. S. Lloyd, her brother, ap- 
pears also to be endowed with great talents. 
He is a student in high standing in the high 
school at Altoona, and a youth of more than 
ordinary promise. The Doctor and his family 
are valued members of the Presbyterian 
church; he is an active supporter of all its in- 

As has already been intimated. Dr. Mc- 
Carthy ranks among the most successful men 
of central Pennsylvania. Much of that suc- 
cess he ascribes to the zoal, the honorable am- 
bition, sympathetic courage, wise counsel and 
sustaining influence of his devoted wife. 
Through the trials and triumphs of a quarter 
of a century she has stood by his side, and 
alike in joy and in sorrow, has shared his ex- 

periences, comprehended his purposes, and 
demonstrated the jjossibility of that ideal com- 
radeship which rounds out life, and proves the 
truth of the Di-s-ine declaration that "it is not 
good for man to be alone." 

JAMES W. ilcCARTHY, Huntingdon, 
Pa., oldest sou of John R. and Eleanor (Lane) 
McCarthy, was born in the Kishacoquillas 
valley, Huntingdon county. Pa., ^March 20, 
1839. His boyhood and youth were spent un- 
der the paternal roof on the homestead farm, 
his education being obtained in the public 
schools of the Kishacoquillas valley, under 
the tuition of his father, who was a very su- 
perior teacher. After comj^leting his educa- 
tion his time was occupied in agricultural pur- 
suits, combined with dealing in live stock, dur- 
ing the summer, and for six winter terms, dur- 
ing his early life, he taught in the public 
schools of the Kishacoquillas valley. In 1884 
he abandoned farming and stock dealing, and 
removed to Huntingdon, where from that date 
he has been engaged in the livery business. 

James AV. McCarthy has been twice mar- 
ried. His first marriage, which occurred in 
Henrietta, Blair county. Pa., in 1871, was 
with Anna Love, a native of Williamsburg, 
Pa. They had three children, of whom one 
died in infancy. The two surviving ones are: 
Mabel L., and Lilian E. Mrs. Anna Mc- 
Carthy died in 1887. Mr. McCarthy again 
married in June, 1890, to Alma Z. Fleck, who 
was born in Sinking valley, Blair county, 
daughter of Major John and Belinda Fleck. 
Mr. McCarthy is a Republican. The family 
attend the Presbvterian church. 

H. c. McCarthy, m. d., Xo. 8 is 

Eighth avenue, Altoona, Blair coimty. Pa., 
son of John R. and Eleanor (Lane) McCarthy, 
was born in Brady township, Huntingdon 
county. Pa., February 5, 1811. His early 
education was received in the common schools, 
but elevated tastes and a creditable ambition 
incited to apply himself diligently to study, so 
that by his ovra efforts he was intellectually 
prepared for his life-work, tender the pre- 
ceptorship of George "W. Thompson, M. D., 
of ilill Creek, Huntingdon county, he pur- 
sued the course of study required as ]ti-elimi- 
nai-y to entering a medical college. He then 
matriculated at Jefferson iledical College, of 
Philadelphia, received his diploma from that 



institution in 1874, and in the same year be- 
gan his professional career at Saiilsburg, Hunt- 
ingdon county. Affi-r [jracti.-iiii: :i -Ikhi time 
in that town he reiiii'\c'l lo I'tici-iuii-. in liu' 
same county, and was in steady ami stirco-lul 
practice there for fifteen years. In IbS't), he 
removed to Altoona, and has won the confi- 
dence of many families and obtained an ex- 
tensive and profitable practice in that city. 
i)r. ilcCarthy is a member of the Blair Coun- 
ty Medical Society, and ex-president of the 
Altoona Academy of Medicine. He is also a 
member of Logan Lodge, N"o. 490, F. and A. 
M., of Altoona. Ha^'ing been a teacher in the 
connnon schools when he was but seventeen. 
Dr. McCarthy has always felt a natural inter- 
est in the system, and kejDt jaace with its ad- 
vancement. In Petersburg, he Avas for several 
years a zealous and useful member of the 
board of school directors, serving as its secre- 

Dr. H. C. ^r.-Cavthy wa< iiiaiTied in Wayne 
township, ^iiilliu ciMiiitw l'a...lniic 11, IsTit, 
to Myra IL, daughter .if Steplim A. aii.l .Ma- 
tilda (Bell) Hinds. Dr. and Mrs. McCarthy 
have four children : Dora B. ; Frank L. ; Cloyd 
D. and Harry L. The Doctor and part of his 
family are members of the Presbyterian 
church. The Doctor is a man of notable quali- 
ties, being accorded a leading place in both 
social and jirofessional circles. Possessed of a 
sound, clear and vigorous mind, well dis- 
ciplined and polished by a thorough course of 
classical and professional studies; displaj'ing 
great activity, and having a fine bearing and 
courteous manner which make his presence 
always welcome, it is but natural that he 
should stand high in his profession, and exert 
in every sphere a strong and wholesome influ- 

[After the above was in type, Dr. H. C. 
McCarthy died of a paralytic stroke, June 
6, 1897, at his home in Altoona. His death 
was very sudden, and was a ]iainful shock to 
the community in which he lived. — Eds.] 

JOHX K. DICK, undertaker and dealer in 
paints, wall j^aper, etc., was born in Brush 
Valley, Indiana county. Pa., March 14, 1840. 
He is a son of Alexander and Mary (Kelly) 
Dick, natives of Indiana county, where ilr. 
Dick was born in 1812. Mr. Dick's vocation, 
to which he gave all his business life, was farm- 
ing. He has now retired from active pursuits 

and, with his wife, is spending the evening of 
his days in the county w^here they have always 
li^-ed and worked. Their children number 
twelve: Mary A., widow of Andrew Simpson, 
of Indiana comity; Elizabeth, widow of John 
Hood, of Brush Valley township, Indiana 
county; James, a farmer of Buitington town- 
ship, Indiana county; Thomj^son, killed in a 
railroad accident; John K., Albert and Dens- 
more, of Brush Valley; Harriet (Mrs. Joseph 
Alexander), of Center township, Indiana 
county; Sarah (Mrs. Eobert Philips), Blairs- 
ville, Indiana county; Eobert Xelson, died 
aged eight years; Margaret and Annie, resid- 
ing at home. 

John K. Dick was brought up on the farm, 
and received his earliest scholastic training in 
the common schools of his native township, 
afterwards attending the high school in the 
town of Indiana. His education finished, he 
taught school for a few winter terms in the 
same cotmty, deliit:- farm <liuy during tiie sum- 
mer. He wa- Init cii^iiTecii yeai-s old when he 
enlisted in l>-<'i4 in Company (!, Two Hun- 
dred and Sixth, Pennsylvania Volunteers. 
Having served his country well until the war 
was ended, he was mustered out at Camp Key- 
nolds, July 1, 1865, and returned to the In- 
diana cotmty home. After learning house 
painting and paper hanging in Johnstown, 
Pa., Mr. Dick removed in 1871 to Htxnting- 
don, and carried on those branches of btisiness 
there for about nineteen years. In 1890, he 
turned his attention to dealing iu paints and 
wall paj^er, and in 1894, added undertaking as 
a branch of his business. Mr. Dick is a mem- 
ber of George Simpson Post, iSTo. 44, G. A. 
E. He is a Eepublican. 

In Johnstown, on January 4, 1871, John 
K. Dick was married to Susan, daughter of 
John and Lydia Pringle, residents of Johns- 
town, both now deceased. ]\Ir. and Mrs. Dick 
have had six children: Alexander K.; Creola; 
T'liarles; Clarence P.; Pollie; and one infant 
that died. The family attend the Presby- 
terian church. 

ADA:\r EUSSEL LEFFAED, coach and 
Avagon maker, Ilimtingdon Pa., was born in 
Porter township, Huntingdon county, Pa., Oc- 
tober 18, 1848. He was a son of "William 
Smith and Catherine (Eiver) Leifard. "Wil- 
liam S. Leffard was a Philadelphian, born in 
that citv Julv 7, 1797. In earlier life he was 



a shoemaker, but later became a farmer. He 
died in 1874, and his wife in 1884:, both 
at an advanced age. Their children were nine 
in number: Anna ilary, who married James 
Cornelius, of Porter township, Huntingdon 
county, both deceased; Josej^h S., of McVey- 
town,"^ Mifflin county, married to Emma 
Beigie; Kose E. (Mrs. Osbom Laird), of 
Spruce Creek; Anna Elizabeth (Mrs. John S. 
Laird), 'who died in 1889; Enoch I., man-ied 
Caroline "\Vittal<cr, resides in Alexandria, 
Huntiiii:.!"!! .■..luity; John K., of Porter town- 
ship, married ^Margaret Brenneman; William 
S., of "Warren, Warren county. Pa., married 
Alice McClure, of Petersburg, Huntingdon 
county, who died in 1895; Adam Eussel; 
Sarah C. (Mrs. Scott Beigie), of Spruce Creek. 
Three of the sons of this family were soldiers 
in the United States army during the war of 
the Kebellion; one of them, Joseph S. Lef- 
fard, was a cannoneer, having charge of one 
of the guns of Battery D, First Pennsylvania 
Resen-es, Light Artillery, the battery from 
which the first shot was fired in the battle of 
Cedar Creek, Ya. 

Adam Russel Leiiard received his entire 
education in the common schools of Porter 
township, Huntingdon county. He assisted 
his father in his business until he was twenty- 
four years of age, and then learned coach and 
wagon making with Thomas Pickett, of 
Adamsville, Mich., finishing his trade with 
David Mingle, in Huntingdon, Pa. He then 
went into business Avith James S. Baum, of 
Mifflinburg, Union county. They transacted 
business for three years under the firm name 
of Leffard & Baum, then they dissolved part- 
nership, and the business was continued by 
Mr. Leffard at the old stand, the same place as 
at present, at the corner of Eighth and Penn 
streets, Huntingdon, Pa. Mr. Leffard has 
been a councilman for the borough and held 
other town and ward oflices. He is a staunch 

Adam Russel Leffard was married in 1873 
to Martha, daughter of John H. and Eliza- 
beth Hutchinson. Their children are: Wil- 
liam Donald, Alice and Walter Scott, all at 
home. Mr. Leffard was born of Refonned 
stock and reared in that church, which he 
still attends. 

don. Pa., was bom in Lancashire, England. 
His father was a native of the same country, 
and a spinner in the woolen mills. He died in 
Philadelphia in 1889. The parents of Mr. 
Barnes emigTated to America in 18-19. 
Thomas was their eldest child; the others 
were: David, now in Philadelphia, man-ied 
to Miss Hill; Mary Ann, married to Wilbert 
Pickels, of Clearfield, JPa.; William, who 
died in 1890; John, residing in Philadelphia; 
and James, residing in Denver, Col. 

Thomas Barnes was educated in a private 
school of Delaware coimty. Pa. His earliest 
employment in business was farming. In 
186-4 he enlisted for the defense of the country 
against rebellion in Company L, One Hun- 
dred and Xinety-second Pennsylvania Volun- 
teers, and ser\-ed for about nine months. In 
1885, he was engaged as janitor of the Re- 
formatory, and was afterwards promoted to 
his present position. Mr. Barnes is a member 
of the O. U. A. M., and of the G. A. R. He 
is a Republican. 

Thomas Barnes married Elizabeth Haslam, 
of Philadelphia. Their children are: Mary 
Ellen, born in Roxborough, Philadelphia, 
Pa., July 2, 1873, died December 29, 1878; 
Bertha, laoni at Roxborough, March 29, 1879; 
Katie Sailor, born at Roxborough, September 
11, 1888. All the family are members of the 
Methodist church. 

THOMAS BARXES, turnkey at the Penn- 
sylvania Industrial Reformatory, Ilunting- 

JOHX L. BERCrAXTZ, Henderson town- 
ship, Huntingdon county. Pa., was born in the 
borough of Huntingdon December 6, 1852. 
He is a son of Louis and Christina R. (Shultz) 
Bergantz. Louis Bergantz was born near 
Strasburg, Province of Alsace, France, Au- 
gust 15, 1818. At ten years of age he came to 
this country, and for some time lived in Phila- 
delphia. While in his teens he worked on the 
canal, and afterwards drove, first a packet 
boat, and then a stage. During this engage- 
ment he applied himself to learning the trade 
of a blacksmith, in Lewistown, Pa. In the 
same town, Louis Bergantz was married, April 
22, 184:9, to Christina R. Shultz, born in Ju- 
niata county, near Licking Creek, January 13, 
1819. They removed to Huntingdon in 1849, 
where ilr. Bergantz pursued his calling as a 
blacksmith for twelve years. In 1861 he pur- 
chased a farm in Henderson township, and 
there contiued work at his trade while cultivat- 
ing the farm. The children of ilr. and ilrs. 



Bergantz are: George "\V., Ijorii April 24, 
1850; JoseiJh L. ; Martha Elizabeth, born De- 
cember IS, 1855, now the widow of John D. 
McElwain, residing in Henderson township; 
Mary Ann, widow of Matthew E. McCall, 
born March 19, 1858, resides in Henderson 
township; Samuel Lonis, born April 5, 1861, 
died in childhood: ^lis-^ Sarah Ellen, born 
July 25, 1864. :\[r. l;<ri:aiitz died July 9, 
1890; his wife still rc-iilc- in Henderson town- 

]\Ir. J. L. Bergantz was educated in the 
common schools of the town of Huntingdon. 
After leaving school, he varied his occupations 
by doing farm work diiring the summer 
months, while teaching school during the win- 
ter. In 1882 he removed to Union Church, 
to take charge of the post-olRce, to which he 
had been appointed May 22, 1878, and in con- 
nection with which he conducted a general 
store. Mr. Bergantz was postmaster until 
April 2, 1886, when the office was transferred 
to Mrs. Bergantz, he having been appointed 
justice of the peace in the spring of 1885, and 
the law not allowng him to hold both offices. 
He is still magistrate, as well as school teacher 
and farmer. Mr. Bergantz has also served the 
community as county auditor, township clerk, 
and clerk of elections. He is a Democrat. 

Joseph L. Bergantz was married at Man's 
Choice, Bedford county. Pa., October 25, 
1879, to Lettie M., daughter of Andrew and 
Temperance (Hutchinson) Decker, now resi- 
dents of Huntingdon. Their children are: 
Louis A. ; J. Oscar; E. Lloyd; Allan C. ; Mattie 
E. ; LoTiisa E. ; iSTettie F. ; and Mary Margaret. 
Mr. Bergantz attends the Lutheran church, 
with which he united in ls7ri, and iluriug his 
connection with this religious body he has 
served as both deacon and elder. 

HOWAKD HETRICK. Henderson town- 
ship, Huntingdon county. Pa., was born on the 
homestead where he now resides, Augaist 4, 
1826. He is a son of George F. and Catherine 
(Allison) Hetrick, the former a native of Blair 
county and the latter of Huntingdon county. 
George F. Hetrick was a stone mason, \n\t de- 
voted the greater part of his life to farming. 
Two of his children died at an early age. Those 
who STirvive are: Mary ^(Mrs. Andrew J. 
Hewie); George; Xewton; Howard; and Lu- 
cilla. The father died March 19, 1890. l,ut 
the mother is still residing in Huntiugdun. 

The whole life of Howard Hetrick has been 
spent upon the home farm. His school train- 
ing was obtained in the common schools, and 
from boyhood to the present time, his occiipa- 
tion has been the cultivation of the soil. Mr. 
Hetrick's political views are Republican. 

Howard Hetrick was married in Henderson 
township, December 24, 1891, to Lettie, 
daughter of John H. and Lydia A. (Goss) 
Rupert. One of their children died while an 
infant; those living are: Edna May, and Fred- 
erick "W. Mr. Hetrick attends the Lutheran 

township, Huntingdon county. Pa., was born 
in Chambersburg, Franklin county. Pa., March 
6, 1826. He is a son of Henry and Eliza (Har- 
rison) ]\IuudorfF. Henry Mundorff was a 
stone mason, a native of Adams county, who 
resided imtil 1842 near Chambersburg; his 
wife was born in Franklin county. In 1843 
they removed to Blab-, county, near Williams- 
burg, where Mr. Mundorff spent the re- 
mainder of his life. Of their six children, 
William is the eldest. Besides him, the only 
ones now living are: John; and Anna Mary 
(Mrs. J. IL Rodney.) 

William Mundorff was educated in private 
schools in Franklin county. He began life 
as a farmer. In September, 1864, he enlisted 
in Company K, Two Hundred and Second 
Pennsylvania Volunteers, and served until the 
close of the war; he was mustered out at Har- 
risburg in July, 1865. With the exception of 
that year of patriotic service and two years 
jiassed in boating on the canal, all 'isiv. ilun- 
(Idrlf's years of activity were spent in tilling 
the soil. Since 1800 he has been a continuous 
resident of Henderson township, where for 
the past ten years he has enjoyed a life of 
leisure. He is a much respected citizen, held 
in high esteem for his ujjright character and 
honorable dealings. Mr. Mundorff has served 
the township for two terms in the school 
lioard and as supervisor for two terms. He is 
a Prohibitionist. 

William Mundorff was married at ^lor- 
rison's Cove, Blair county. Pa., in December, 
1851, to Christina Sorrick, whose ancestors 
were among the very earliest settlers of Blair 
ciiunty. They have had five children, one 
(HcmI in infancy, and one, Le^-i, was killed 
in an exiihision near Huutini;-don. The sur- 


\'ivors are: Sarah A. (ilrs. "Watson Grove); 
Samuel M., and Joseph E. Mr. Miindorff is 
a member of the Lutheran church, which he 
has sei-^'ed both in the church council and in 
the Sundav-school. 

JAMES B. McCAETXEY, Henderson 
township, Huntingdon county, Pa., was Ijorn 
in Huntingdon, August 28, 1830, son of John 
E. and Temperance (Hight) McCartney. 
John R. McCartney, the oldest living resident 
of Henderson township, was born in Centre 
county, Pa., January 29, 1810, son of John 
and Eosauna (Resides) McCartney, both of 
Irish jjarentage, and born in Ireland. At 
eight years of age, John R. came with his 
parents to Henderson township, was educated 
in its common schools, and afterwards learned 
the art of printing, and worked for about six 
years in a printing office in Huntingdon. The 
rest of his life has been spent on the farm. His 
marriage to Temperance, daughter of James 
and Xancy Hight, took place in Jime, 1833. 
They had thirteen children: Xancy E., de- 
ceased, was born February 8, 1835, married 
Robert Gregory; James B.; Hannah M. (Mrs. 
Calvin Walker), born January 17, 1839; Ca- 
melia E., widow of George Madara, was born 
May 17, 1841; Sarah Ann, widow of W. S. 
Decker, was born July 2-i, 18-13; Mary 
Catherine (Mrs. Allison Abbott), born August 
13, 1845; John Scott, born August 29, 1847; 
Martha A. (Mrs. Joseph Slack), born Septem- 
ber 7, 1849; Asahel II., born January 14, 

1852, deceased; Melissa T., born March 1, 

1853, wife of John S. Slack, both deceased; 
Elora A., born August 5, 1855, deceased; Wil- 
liam T., born June 3, 1858, deceased; and Cy- 
rus G., born April 4, 1862. Mrs. McCartney 
died February 20, 1884. Mr. John E. Mc- 
Cartney is the great-grandfather of ninety- 
four great-grandchildren. His grandfather 
fought in the war of 1812, and his gTcat 
grandfather in the Eevolutionary war. He 
contributed two sons and five sons-in-law for 
the defence of the Union in the late Eebellion. 
He was a Democrat, although his father had 
belonged to the Whig party. He has held 
numerous township offices. He is well known 
throughout the county, and is an honored and 
esteemed citizen. 

At eight years of age, James B. McCart- 
ney's parents removed to Huntingdon coun- 
ty, where he received most of his education in 

the Hendei'son township schools. His prin- 
cipal occupation has been farming. In Au- 
gust, 18G3, he enlisted in the Forty-sixth 
Pennsylvania Militia, and while in that regi- 
ment enlisted at Philadelphia in the Xine- 
teenth Pennsylvania Cavalry, and served 
about two years. During this time he was on 
scout duty. For over a year he was in chai-ge 
of the brigade saddlery shop of the First Bri- 
gade, Sixth Division, Sixteenth Corps, Army 
of the Southwest. He was mustered out at 
Baton Eouge, La., in July, 1865. After his 
discharge, Mr. McCartnev returned to his 
home in Porter township, Huntingdon coun- 
ty. He has spent the gTeater part of his life 
in Henderson township, where he has served 
as constable. His political -^-iews are liberal. 
He is a member of George Simpson Post, Xo. 
44, G. A. E. 

James B. McCartney was married in Hen- 
derson townshii?, January 5, 1857, to Xancy 
E., daughter of Da^-id and Margaret Hare, 
botli deceased. Their familv is as follows: 
Etta J. (Mrs. Gibson Hall),' born April 25, 
1858; Elmer E., born August 31, 1860; Clara 
A. (Mrs. John D. Eutherford), born Xovem- 
ber 30, 1862; Allan H., born June 10, 1866, 
died September 1, 1866; Margaret T. (Mrs. 
Samuel A. Hall), born December 8, 1867; 
May L., born June 23, 1870; Annie L. (Mrs'. 
David Strait), born February 2, 1873; John 
D., born March 19, 1875, died March 11, 
1877; Frank W., boj-n December 31, 1877, 
and James G., born September 30, 1881. The 
family attend the Baptist and Lutheran 

Mrs. McCartney's father, David Hare, was 
born March 4, 1814; his wife, Margaret 
Kemp, who, like her husband, was of German 
descent, was born XoA-ember 28, 1815. Both 
Avere natives of Himtingdon county. They 
were married by Eev. T. E. Thomas, Septem- 
ber 8, 1836. they resided at Mount Gretna 
until 1854. Mr. Hare was a miller, but from 
the year 1846 until his death, was engaged in 
farming. From 1854 iintil 1861, the family 
resided in Henderson toA^mship, and from that 
date until ]Mr. Hare's death, October 20, 1882, 
they were residents of Porter township. INfr. 
Hare served two terms (1873-79) on the 
school board of that township, also one term 
as county commissioner, ilrs. Hare died 
April 25, 1887. Their children are: Xancy 
E., born June 7, 1837; Marv K., born Octo- 



ber 14, 1839; William H., born October 9, 
1842; Lydia A., born April 6, 1845; John K., 
born February 22, 1848, deceased; David H., 
born Xovember 22, 1849; Joseph K., born 
December 12, 1852, and Calvin A., born 
February 19, 1854. 

SAMUEL STEEL, Henderson township, 
Huntingdon county. Pa., is one of the oldest 
residents of the township, having been born 
on the farm upon which he still resides, Au- 
gust 16, 1834. He is a son of John and Eliza- 
beth (Kimberland) Steel, natives of Hunting- 
don county, who were among the earliest set- 
tlers of Henderson township, about 1820. 
Samuel Steel is the only survivor of their fam- 
ily of eight. The others were: Henry, died 
in Brady township in 1S94, aged seventy-one; 
William, died in Johnstown, Pa., May, 1895, 
aged sLxty-seven; Jacob, was accidentally 
killed in a saw-mill at K'ewburg, Pa., aged 
fifty-six; Liidin, was a soldier in the LTnion 
army during the late Rebellion, and died in 
Salisbury prison ; Christina (Mrs. Alfred Will- 
mer), died in Miller township; Mary Jane 
(Mrs. Samuel Downey), diecl in Catherine 
township, Blair county, Pa., and Susan, died 
on the homestead in October, 1861. Mr. John 
Steel was all his life a farmer; he died in 1871, 
and his wife in 1857. The Steel family are 
of German descent. The grainlfathcr ai Sam- 
uel Steel was a soldier of the I^■v.>llltiun. 

Samuel Steel has been all his life a Hender- 
son township farmer. His education was re- 
ceived in the old West school house, which he 
attended for a few years. On September 5, 
1864, although still in the first year of his 
married life, he heard and obeyed the call of 
the Union for defenders. He enlisted in 
Company K, Two Hundred and Second Penn- 
sylvania Volunteers, and served in that regi- 
ment until August, 1865, when he was mus- 
tered out at Harrisburg, Pa. His public ser- 
vices in time of peace have been rendered as 
school director for twelve years, and as super- 
visor for three terms, also as judge of elec- 
tions. He is a Kepubliean. 

The marriage of Samuel Steel with Harriet 
G., daughter of James X. and Mary Kenyon, 
both now deceased, took place in Miller town- 
ship, November 20, 1861. Their children 
are : Alfred G., born August 11,1862; ]\Lary 
Jeannette, died at the age of twelve years; 
Frank Sheridan, born May 22, 1S66, and 

Ue]HrrA I'riM-iUa, b-.m An<;n-t 7, ISGS. The 
family Mttrn.l tlir l.ui li.'nin rhiuvli. 

Alfrcl C. Sn'cl, Mr>x ^cin uf Samuel Steel, 
was born on the homestead farm, August 11, 
1862, educated in the schools of Henderson 
towushij), and learned carpentry. This trade, 
together with farming, has been his life-long 
occupation. His politics are Kepublican. Al- 
fred G. Steel was married at Mill Creek, Brady 
township, February 17, 1890, to Elizabeth J., 
daughter of Joseph and Mary Enders. One 
of their children, Samuel Ellis, died very 
young. The others are: Almira Grace; Beu- 
lah Jeannette, and Thomas Clifford. 

Frank S. Steel, second son of Samuel Steel, 
was born May 22, 1868, and educated in the 
public schools of Henderson township, and the 
high school at McAlveys Fort. He afterwards 
learned carpentry, at which he now works. He 
was married in Heudcrsmi to\viislu|i, ^farch 
25, 1890, to Mary .M., .hni,-hi,T .>t .l.-Mpli and 
Xancy Garner, of that iii\viislii|i. Tlicv have 
two children : Charles P. and Maraaret Helen. 

township, Huntingdon county. Pa., was born 
near Landisburg, Perry county. Pa., Novem- 
ber 23, 1843, son of Daniel and Hannah 
(Shoemaker) Kauffman. Both the jjarents 
were of German descent. The grandparents 
on the paternal side were early settlers of 
Berks county, who afterwards resided in Perry 
county, and still later removed to Mifflin 
county, where they spent the remainder of 
their lives. The Shoemakers, Mr. Kauffman's 
maternal grandparents, settled early in Perry 
county, where their daughter, Mrs. Daniel 
Kauffman, was born. Daniel Kauffman, who 
was a native uf PxtUs (■(Hinfv, was a fariiirr; 
he resided in Vmy. M illlin an.l I Iiini iu,-,l,.n 
counties. His taiiiily cmsistcl ,,f tw<'lvc chil- 
dren: Henry D., born June 22, 1835, died 
August 3, 1884; Mary A., born January 27, 
183^7, died August 3, 1856; Sarah, born De- 
cember 22, 1838, died February 1, 1839; Ben- 
jamin J., born February 11, 1840, resides 
near Marklesville, Perry county; Lucy A. 
(Mrs. John Robinson), born March 8, 1842, 
died June 22, 1884; Daniel J.; John W., born 
November 1, 1845, train dispatcher, P. R. R., 
Huntingdon; Hannah (Mrs. John Dean), born 
March 30, 1848, died July 5, 1881; Magda- 
lena, b(irn .\pril 27, 1850, died in September, 
1850; David ('., born October 3, 1851, killed 


in an accident on the P. R. R., August 15, 
187S; Samuel, born June 2, 1854, died Au- 
gust 27, 1858; and Moses S., born December 
14, 185C, died March 30, 1881. The mother 
died near Mapleton, January 1, 1883, in her 
seventv-first year, and the father at the resi- 
dence of his son, Daniel J., September 13, 
1885, in his seventy-fourth year. 

It was when Daniel J. Kauffman was about 
ten years old that his parents removed from 
Perry county, where his earliest childhood was 
passed, to Mifflin county, where he received 
his education in the public schools. He en- 
tered the service of the P. R. R. Co. as track- 
man in 1860, and continued in the same em- 
ploy until 1884. In August, 1862, Mr. Kauff- 
man enlisted in Company I, One Hundred and 
Twenty-fifth Pennsylvania Volunteers, for 
the nine months' service. In January, 1864, 
he re-enlisted in Company C, Twenty-first 
Pennsylvania Cavalry, and served in that regi- 
ment until the close of the war. Since 1865 
he has been a continuous resident of Hunting- 
don county. Mr. Kauffman is a member of 
Post Xo. 44, G. A. R. His political views are 
liberal. He has served on the school board. 

Daniel H. Kauffman was man-ied in Union 
Jownship, Huntingdon county. Pa., August 
23, 1866, to Mary E., daughter of David and 
Annie Clements. The children of Mr. and 
Mi-s. Kauffman are: Henry L., born February 
26, 1867, accidentally drowned June 22, 
1888; Lucy A., born Jime 29, 1869, died in 
infancy; David D., born June 2, 1870, a 
clergyman in the M. E. church; John S., bom 
September 2, 1883. Mr. and Mrs. Kauffman 
attend the Presbyterian church, and their sons 
the Methodist. 

JOHN" S. WARFEL, Henderson township, 
Huntingdon county, Pa., was born in Shavers 
Creek, Huntingdon county, October 13, 1822. 
He is a son of Emanuel and Sarah (Shade) 
Warfel, both natives of Huntingdon county, 
and both deceased. Their family consisted of 
twelve children, of whom eight are now liv- 
ing: Adam, John S., James, Isaac, Jesse, 
Thomas, Sarah and Selina. 

This township has been the home of John 
S. "Warfel since he was two years old; he is, 
therefore, one of its oldest residents. He was 
educated in the old "West school house, and 
from the close of his school days, he has de- 
voted his attention to farmino-. His intelli- 

gent methods and long experience give him a 
prominent and influential position among 
agriculturists. He has filled all township 
offices with honor. His politics are Republi- 

John S. AVarfel was first man-ied in 1846, 
to Mary Hutchinson. Their children are: 
Ellen (Mrs. Peter Isenberg), George, residing 
in Huntingdon; John E., of Upper Sandusky, 
Ohio; Jesse, of Kansas City, Mo.; "William 
H., of Curwensville, Clearfield county. Pa.; 
Letitia (Mrs. John A. Port), of Huntingdon. 
Mrs. Mary Warfel died in 1868. Mr. Warfel 
was married, in 1869, to Ruth E., daughter 
of J. N"elson and Sarah (Sloan) Ball, of Hunt- 
ingdon, now residing in Kansas City. The 
children of this marriage are : Bertha ; Wini- 
fred (Mrs. Frank P. Simpson), of Hunting- 
don; and James Xelson, residing on the home- 
stead. Mr. Warfel attends the Baptist church, 
of which all the familv are members. 

J. Xelson Ball, father of Mrs. John S. War- 
fel, was born in Lancaster county in Febru- 
ary, 1822. While still a youth, he removed to 
Lewistown with his parents, and resided there 
until he had attained manhood, receiraig his 
education in the public schools and afterwards 
learning carriage-making. He continued 
working at his trade for many yeai-s, but was 
also for many years engaged in the car shops 
of the Pennsylvania Railroad at Altoona and 
Huntingdon. In 1871 he and all the mem- 
bers of his family except Mrs. Warfel re- 
moved to Kansas City, where they have ever 
since resided. Mr. Ball was married in Janu- 
ary, 1846, to Sarah Sloan. Of their ten chil- 
dren, one died in infancy, the survi^•ing mem- 
bers of the family being : Ruth E. (Mrs. War- 
fel); James E.; John G. ; Mary E., widow of 
the late il. M. Harris ; Rebecca J. (Mrs. Jesse 
B. Warfel); Annie D. (Mrs. E. E. Venard); 
Laura E.; Alice M.; Hattie Y. (Mrs. Alfred 

GEORGE W. BALES, Henderson to^ra- 
ship, Huntingdon county, Pa., was born on 
the homestead farm in Henderson to^vnship, 
June 14, 1864, son of Simon P. and Xancy 
(Warfel) Bales. Simon P. Bales was born in 
the Tuscarora Valley, in Perry county. Pa. 
He was a farmer, but catching the "gold fe- 
ver," he went to California in 1850, with 
Frank Hefright, John ^liller and another 
companion named Johnson. The trip occu- 



pied ninety-six days; the locomotive jjower was 
equipped by eight oxen. Mr. Bales resided 
eight years in California, engaged in gold min- 
ing. Ketiirning to llnntingdon county, he 
resided from 185S to 1867 in Henderson 
township; then, until 1872, in the borough 
of Huntingdon. His last removal, made in 
that year, was back to Henderson township. 
Of this to\vnship, Mrs. Bales was a native; she 
was born May 14, 1818. Their children are: 
Ella (Mrs. Franklin T. Fee), of Altoona, Pa.; 
Marion J. (Mrs. George J. Albright), of Phil- 
adelj^hia; George W. ; and John A., of Hunt- 
ingdon. Simon P. Bales was known as a Dem- 
ocrat, decided in his opinions, but not an of- 
fice-seeker. He died June 30, 1895. Mrs. 
Bales is still a resident of her native township. 

Excepting five years spent in Huntingdon, 
George W. Bales has passed his life in the 
same township. He was educated in the com- 
mon schools of the borough of Huntingdon 
and of Henderson township. He has been 
through all his active business life engaged 
in farming; for the past eight years he has 
held in uddiiieii an a-vncv for th,' sale <,f auri- 
cultural iini.l,'n„.|it^. II,. is lihcral in puliiirs. 

Georgv W. Dales was iiiaiTir.l in HcihUt- 
son township, April 24, 1884, to Phoebe M., 
daughter of Caleb C. and Susan Evans, natives 
of this township, but now residents of Peters- 
burg, Pa. The children of Mr. and Mrs. Bales 
are : Marion E. ; Frances J. ; and Virginia E. 
]\Ir. Bales attends the Lutheran church. 

Hill, Huntingdon county. Pa., was born in 
that part of Ban-ee township now included in 
Miller township, March 28, 1839, a son of 
Hezekiah and Elizabeth (Xewman) Crown- 
over. Hezekiah Crownover was born in Hunt- 
ingdon county, educated there, in subscription 
schools, and there learned the business in 
which he was all his life engaged; he was 
a miller. He owned 500 acres, or more, in 
Miller township, upon which he built a flour 
mill at a cost of $4,000, and made other im- 
provements. Mr. Crownover was a Republi- 
can. He was married at Croniwells Mills, 
Huntingdon eoimty, to Elizabeth Newman, of 
English descent. Their children are: Benja- 
min, deceased; Peter, deceased; Sarah, de- 
ceased; Elizabeth, deceased; Andrew, de- 
ceased; John, resides at Bi'oad Top; George, 
farmer, of Armstrong county. Pa.; Charles, 

of Saulsburg, Huntingdon county; Susan, 
widow of Rev. W. H. S. Keys, of Kansas; 
Ferguson, deceased; Hezekiah, merchant, of 
Huntingdon ; Robert A. ; and two that died in 
early infancy. Late in life, Hezekiah Crown- 
over retired from active business, and lived at 
leisure on the honie-iea,!. imiil his death, in 
April, 1861. He \va^ a regular attendant of 
the Methodist Episcopal church, and was 
much esteemed and respected. Mrs. Crown- 
over died at Saulsburg in 1878. 

Robert Crownover attended the common 
schools of his vicinity during the three winter 
months that then constituted a term, and in 
the long intervals worked for his father in 
the mill. At eighteen years of age he left 
home, and first worked in another Huntingdon 
county mill, then at the same business in Illi- 
nois, and after that in Indiana county. Pa. He 
then made a beginning in the hotel business 
in the borough of Indiana, Indiana county, 
where he spent two years. At the end of that 
time he sold out, bought a hotel in Somerset 
county and carried it on for two years. He 
then removed to Pittsburg, and was in the 
same business there for a year. Returning to 
Somerset county, Mr. Crownover managed a 
flour mill for two years, and then removed to 
Manor Hill, Hamtingdon county, where, in 
1875, he engaged in business in partnership 
with his brother Andrew. Eight years later 
Robert Crownover bought out Andrew's in- 
terest, and has ever since conducted the busi- 
ness, meeting with good success. He was ap- 
jiointed postmaster in 1875, afld held the of- 
fice for eleven years. Mr. Crownover has been 
the "architect of his own fortunes." He be- 
gan life without capital, and has made his way 
in the face of difiiculties and discouragements ; 
among the latter was a loss by fire, heavy for 
a man just beginning in life; it took place 
in Somerset county, while Mr. Crownover was 
in Illiudis, and involved a loss of $4,000. 
"With enterprise and business ability as the 
best of his capital, he has brought himself and 
family into the possession of a comfortable 
competence. His politics are Republican. 

Robert Crownover was married in Barree 
township, in 1881, to Clara, daughter of Sam- 
uel ilyton, farmer, of that township. Their 
children are: Lottie H.; Howard A.; and Anna 
B. ilrs. Crowmover was born in Ban-ee town- 
shi]i, S('])tember 9, 1850. The family attend 
the ilethodist Episcopal church. 



WILLIAir EWIXG, ilanor Hill, Iluut- 
ingdon county, Pa., was born in Barree town- 
ship, February 12, 1S2G, son of James and 
Elizabeth (Creswell) Ewing. The Ewing f am- 
ih' is of English origin. The progenitors of 
its American branch were immigrants here 
during colonial times; some of them took an 
active part in the Revolution. Thomas Ewing, 
great-grandfather of "William Ewing, was dur- 
ing that war a resident of "West township, hav- 
ing removed to this vicinity from the south- 
eastern part of the State. His descendants 
are found in diiferent parts of Pennsylvania. 
In the fall of 1782 his daughter Catherine, 
with a Miss McCormick, daughter of a neigh- 
boring farmer, was captured by Indians and 
taken to Montreal. She was restored to her 
family, but it was several months before she 
reached her home. She was afterwards mar- 
ried to Mr. Huston, of Centre county, Pa. 
The sons of Thomas E^ving were: Thomas; 
William; John; James; Alexander; and David. 
The father died in "W^est township, about the 
year 1800. His second son, "William, became 
a large land owner, farmer and stock-raiser in 
that township. He was a Democrat. He 
married iliss Anderson, of Scotch-Irish an- 
cestry. Their children were : James Thomas ; 
"William ; iMary ; ilargaret ; Martha ; and Eliza- 
beth. William Ewing and his wife both died 
in Barree township. He was a member of the 
Presbyterian church. His eldest son, James 
Ewing, father of William Ewing (2) was edu- 
cated in subscription schools, and grew up on 
the farm. He owned 160 acres in Barree 
township, which he partly cleared and im- 
proved, erecting dwelling, barn, etc. He was 
a farmer and stock raiser. James Ewing was 
a Democrat ; he took an active interest in pub- 
lic affairs, and was elected to all township of- 
fices. He was (iiic (if tlidsc who, in 1810, pro- 
moted the cstaMi-liiiicnt of the common school 
system. His witV\ Klizal)eth Creswell, whom 
he married in Barree township, was a daughter 
of Robert Creswell, farmer. The Creswell 
family, like the Ewings, were among the orig- 
inal settlers of this State. They are Scotch- 
Irish by descent, and belong to a class whose 
thrift, shrewd intelligence, laudable ambitions 
and steady perseverance have gone far to give 
character to this substantial and dignified 
Commonwealth. They further resemble the 
Ewings in having spread over various parts of 
the State. The children of Mr. and Mrs. 

James Ewing are: Robert, who died in Ohio; 
AVilliam; Elizabeth (Mrs. James Smith), of 
Wayne county, Ohio; and Mary (Mrs. John 
Oaks), of Huntingdon. Mr. Ewing was a 
Presbyterian. He died on the homestead; his 
wife died later, at the home of her son Wil- 

With no greater opportunities than those 
afforded by the subscription schools and the 
common schools, kept for three winter months, 
in the old-fashioned log school house, William 
E^\'ing, by his own exertions, acquired a good 
education and much practical knowledge. He 
learned farming on the homestead, of which 
he took entire charge after the death of his 
father, and which he has ever since cultivated. 
He works some 125 acres; has planted an 
orchard of tlir^e acres with all varieties of 
fruit. He also o\\-ns three farms containing 
over 500 acres in Livingston coimty. 111., part- 
ly cleared, and 80 acres in Xewton county, 
Mo.; in the latter State he o^^^ls some town 
lots. Mr. E^^'ing has expended $4,000 in tiles, 
and has erected buildings to the same amount. 
He is a dealer in stock, as well as an experi- 
enced breeder. Mr. Ewing's politics are Dem- 
ocratic ; he has been elected to the offices of as- 
sessor, supervisor and tax collector in his town- 
ship, besides serving three terms on the school 
board. He belongs to Grange Xo. 353, P. 
of H. Mr. Ewing has always been a thorough 
and persevering worker, to which fact he owes 
his excellent standing in the business world 
and in the community, his competence and his 
oisportunities for usefulness. 

William E^ving was married in Jackson 
township, in 1852, to Mary A., daughter of 
Abraham Henry, a farmer, of Scotch-Irish 
family. She was bom in West township. 
Their children are: James, farmer, of Illinois; 
Mary; Fannie; Elizabeth (Mrs. John Hen- 
ning), of Altoona, Pa.; Caroline; Idalette 
(Mrs. Robert Johnson), of West township; 
Henrietta; and one pair of twins, who died in 
early infancy; ilargaret, died in childhood; 
and a son, unnamed, died in infancy. Mr. 
Ewing adheres to the Presbvterian church. 

LEVI GEARHART, Manor Hill, Hunt- 
ingdon county. Pa., was born near Philips- 
burg, Clearfield county. Pa., October 30, 
1813, son of David S. "and Eliza (Fullerton) 
Gearhart. Jacob S. Gearhart, his grandfather, 
was born in Germany; he came to this coun- 



try when he was a yoking man, and lii'st re- 
sided in Clearfield coiinty, where he farmed 
400 acres, his own in-o-peny, near Philipsbiirg. 
He also raised stock. His wife was Miss Fle- 
gel, danghter of David Flegel, who was a sol- 
dier in the Revolution. Their children were; 
Susan; John L. ; Da^'id; A^alentine; Eliza; 
Mary; Kachel; Cornelia; Asbury; Jacob; 
Alexander; and two that died in infancy. Mr. 
Gearhart was originally a Whig, and after- 
wards a Reijublican. He was an excellent 
man, a respected citizen, and a good member 
of the United Brethren church. He died 
on the homestead in 1864: ; his wife died 
at the same jjlace in ISTO. David Gear- 
hart, their second son, was well educated, 
both in English and in German. He was 
a farmer and stock raiser, owning and farm- 
ing 140 acres in Boggs township, Clear- 
field county. He was a Republican. His 
wife, Eliza Fullerton, was of English de- 
scent, and was a native of Clearfield county, 
born near the borough of Clearfield. Their 
children are: Levi; George, residing in Cali- 
fornia; Mary, deceased; Margaret, deceased; 
Adeline, deceased; Peter, residing in Clear- 
field county; James, of Clearfield, Pa.; one 
child died in infancy. David Gearhart died on 
the homestead in Clearfield county in 1861. 
He belonged to the Methodist Episcopal 
church ; was a Sunday-school teacher, and al- 
ways interested in the affairs of the church. 
]\Irs. Gearhart was married again, to William 
Reese; both she and Mr. Reese died in 1880. 
Having acquired the rudiments of an Eng- 
lish education in the common schools, Le\'i 
Gearhart supplemented that beginning by 
reading and observation, so that he may be 
called sclf-((liic:it('d. He grew up on the farm, 
and f;iiiiili:ir with agricultural processes, so 
that when his father died he was well prepared 
to take full charge of the homestead, which 
he did for one year. He then engaged as mill 
hand and log cutter in a saw-mill, and some 
time later undertook contracting in timber, at 
which business he spent sixteen years. ]\Ir. 
Gearhart then passed four years in trading in 
Clearfield and Huntingdon counties, after 
which he emltarked in the business of a gen- 
eral merchant at Manor Hill, which he still 
carries on. He was postmaster for two terms, 
under President Cleveland. For twelve years 
he has conducted the Manor Hill House. 
Mr. Gearhart is an enterprising, intelligent 
and honorable business man, and has fairlv 

earned the success that crowns his efl'orts. He 
is a Democrat; was auditor of the township 
for one term. 

Levi Gearhart was married at Osceola Mills, 
Clearfield county, to Jennie, daughter of Hen- 
ry Kephart, a farmer, of German family; she 
is a native of Clearfield county. Their chil- 
dren are: Sylvester C, born February 29, 
1868, educated in common schools of Clear- 
field county, at Houtzdale, Pa., at Mooresville, 
Huntingdon county, and at Stone Valley 
x\-cadeniy; read medicine under Dr. George 
W. L\ipfcr, studied two terms at the College 
of Physicians and Surgeons, Baltimore, Md., 
graduated in the spring of 1895 at Jefferson 
Medical College, Philadelphia, with honors, 
and since August of that year has been in suc- 
cessful practice at Glasgow, Cambria county, 
Pa., is a member of P. 0. S. of A.; Xora 
(Mrs. Merritt Codwell), of Clearfield county; 
and Adeline, at home. Mr. Gearhart is a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
of ifanor Hill, and belongs to its board of 
trustees ; he has been a class leader for twelve 
and a Sunday-school worker for twenty years, 
and has served as superintendent of the Sun- 
dav-school for several years. 

WILLIAM GETTIS, Xeffs Mills, Hunt- 
ingdon county. Pa., was born in Barree town- 
ship, January 20, 1834, a son of Patrick and 
Victoria (ilontgomery) Gettis. Robert Get- 
tis, his grandfather, was a tailor. He was born 
in Ireland, as was also his wife, Elizabeth 
Dougherty, who was of Scotch descent. They 
had several children. Robert Gettis enlisted 
for the war of 1812, and was in some engage- 
ments on Lake Erie ; he never returned home, 
but died in Ohio. Their son, Patrick Gettis, 
received a common school education, and 
learned the trade of carpenter and joiner, 
which was his life-long vocation. He resided 
in West and in Barree townships. Mrs. Pat- 
rick Gettis was born in West township, daugh- 
ter of Alexander and Elizabeth Montgomery. 
Their children are: Catherine, deceased; 
Eliza J., wife of H. A. Sisler, of Iowa; Mar- 
tha, widow of Daniel Baker, of Scottdale, Pa. ; 
Alexander M., farmer, Barree township; Wil- 
liam; Robert, deceased, a soldier in the war of 
the Rebellion; James, also a soldier, wa^ killed 
on the railroad, at Altoona, Pa.; Mary A., 
deceased; Agnes, wife of U. L. Armstrong; 
Ann, wife of Georce W. Bell, of West town- 



shi]); and one tliat died in early childhood. 
Patrick Gettis was a Rei3ublican in his poli- 
tics. He was a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, and was a good and hon- 
orable man, well regarded by those who knew 
him. Both he and his wife died in Barree 
township, Mr. Gettis at the age of ninety-two. 
William Gettis enjoyed but slight educa- 
tional advantages, attendijig school only three 
months of each year, in his early boyhood. At 
nine years of age he went to work on a farm 
for his board and clothing; four years later he 
engaged to do farm work at four dollars per 
month; this engagement continued for five 
years. At about eighteen years of age he be- 
gan cultivating a farm of 175 acres for his 
father; after several years of work on wages, 
Mr. Gettis rented the farm from his father, 
for four years, or up to the time of his father's 
death; a year later he bought the farm, and 
has had it under cultivation ever since. He 
is a stock raiser. He has made some improve- 
ments on the property, and during 1896 built 
a handsome and convenient dwelling. His 
political views are Iiepulilican. Mr. Gettis 
is unmarried. 

JOHN EVERTS, Masseysburg. Hunting- 
don county. Pa., was born in Jackson town- 
ship, September 22, 1832, son of Philip and 
Elizabeth (Rudy) Everts. Nicholas Everts, 
his grandfather, was a resident of Barree town- 
ship, and there Philip Everts, father of John, 
was born. He was all his life occupied in 
farming. His irolitics were Democratic. The 
wife of Philip Everts, Elizabeth Rudy, was 
also a native of Huntingdon county. Their 
children are: Barbara, widow of Harvey Wil- 
son; John, Nicholas, died during that period 
of enlistment in the United States army; 
George, blacksmith, of Altoona, Pa. Mr. 
Everts died in Barree to^vnship in 1837; his 
wife also died on the homestead, November 8, 
1894. They were members of the Methodist 
Episcopal church. 

At the time of his father's death John 
Everts was but five years old. He had, in con- 
sequence, but a slender opportunity for edu- 
cation. As soon as he was able to do farm 
work, he worked for his grandfather for seven 
years ; then he returned to his home, and cul- 
tivated the farm for his mother for twenty- 
two years. After that he was engaged in 
Clearfield countv for throe vears, at the lum- 

ber business; then he rented a farm in Barree 
township for seven years, and continued at 
farm labor and similar employments until he 
removed to Masseysburg in 1868. Since that 
time he has combined farming -with mercantile 
business, meeting with good success, ilr. 
Everts has worked industriously all his life. 
His politics -AW Democratic. He is connected 
witlitbc .\,o,li,t<4uirch. 

John Imcits was married February 24, 
1868, at Manor Hill, to Elizabeth, daughter 
of David and Jane (Bell) Jackson. She was 
born in Jackson township in 1838. Mrs. 
Everts, like her husband, belongs to the Meth- 
odist church. She is much attached to her 
church, and has taken part in the work of the 
Sunday-school. Mrs. Everts is well known and 
highly regarded by her neighbors and ac- 
quaintances. Like the excellent woman of the 
Proverbs, she not only looks to the affairs of 
the household, but is a woman of business, 
giving much attention to the store; she has 
been postmistress for three years. 

Mi-s. Everts' grandfather was Joseph Jack- 
son, and her father, David Jackson, was born 
in Jackson townshi]), which has its name from 
their family. They are of Scotch-Irish ex- 
traction. The children of David and Jane 
(Bell) Jackson are: Alexander, a resident of 
California; William, county treasurer, Shasta 
county, Cal.; Elizabeth (Mrs. Everts), and 
Jane, who died young. David Jackson died 
in his native township in 1839. His wife was 
again married, to James McManigal, of 
Scotch-Irish descent. They had eight chil- 
dren, of whom foTir died very young; the sur- 
vivors are: Josiah, of Clinton county. Pa., 
was a soldier in the United States army, in 
the war of the Rebellion; James, resides in 
the west; Robert, of San Francisco, Cal.; 
George, of Renovo, Pa. 

REUBEN DUFF, Saulsburg, Huntingdon 
county. Pa., was born in Barree township, Sep- 
tember 9, 1822, son of John and Winifred 
(Couch) Duff. John Duff, the elder, grand- 
father of Reuben, was born in Ireland; com- 
ing to this county, he first settled in Philadel- 
phia, and there exercised his calling, which 
was that of a stonecutter. He married iliss 
Zell in Philadelphia, by whom he had two 
children: John, deceased; and Samuel, de- 
ceased. The elder son, John, learned the trade 
of his fatlicr. and worked at it first in Philadel- 



pliia. His father died in that city, and John, 
leaving the city, went to Belleville, Mifflin 
county. Pa., and afterwards removed to Stone 
Valley, Hnntingdon county; there he bought 
a farm and cultivated it for a year, and then 
sold out, and came to Barree township. Here 
he bought a second farm of 1G8 acres, im- 
proved it and continued to give his care and 
attention for the remainder of his active life. 
He was an industrious, hard-working man. 
The marriage of John Dutf and Winifred 
Couch took place in Philadelphia. Their chil- 
dren are: William, deceased; Samuel, de- 
ceased; John, deceased; Andrew, deceased; 
Edward, sujjposed to be still residing in Cuba ; 
Ann, deceased, wife of William Davidson; 
Charles, deceased; James, died young; Mary, 
deceased; Margaret, deceased; James, de- 
ceased; David, deceased; Abbie, deceased 
wife of George Jones, of Ohio; Cornelius, 
deceased; Keuben, and an infant that died, 
not named. Mr. Duff was a Democi'at. He 
died near Saulsburg, Huntingdon county, 
April 2, 1845; his wife died in 1860. 

Ileuben Duff attended a subscription school 
in an old log school house in Jackson town- 
ship. During his youth and early manhood, 
he worked with his father on the farm; at the 
age of twenty-ti\ (• he went to Clarion county, 
Pa., and after working there for a year, left 
that place for Mill Creek, Huntingdon coun- 
ty, where for two years he worked in a dis- 
tillery. In 1852 he bought his present home, 
a farm containing 117 acres, in Barree town- 
ship, which he has greatly improved, and on 
which he has built a commodious dwelling and 
a barn, at a cost of $3,800; here, besides cul- 
tivating his land, he raises stock, dealing ex- 
tensively also in purchased stock, selling not 
only to the farmers, but also shipping to more 
distant markets. Besides the homestead, Mr. 
Duff o^^'ns 70 acres in Jackson township. His 
jjolitical views are Democratic. He has served 
the township as supervisor and as school di- 

Reuben Duff was married at Lewistowu, 
Pa., in 1852, to Ellen, daughter of John Mc- 
Cartney, a lady of Irish descent, and a native 
of Barree township. They have two children : 
Mary, born January -1, 1853, married John 
Koch, a farmer, has eight children, Robert, 
William, Homer, Blanche, Edward, James, 
Oliver and Ellen; Edward, born July 9, 1865, 
farmer and lumberman, married Lydia Whip- 
ple, has four children, Oscar R., James, Helen 

and Edna. ]\Lrs. Reuben Duff died December 
12, 18SS. Mr. Duff is a member of the Meth- 
odist Ei^iscopai church, a good neighbor and 
citizen, and is held in high estimation for his 
excellent qualities and genial manner. 

Himtingdon county, Pa., was born in Barree 
townshij), July 2, 1868, son of Dorsey and 
Margaret (Miller) Silknitter. The Silknitters 
were among the early settlers of the county; 
they are of Scotch ancestry, but their imme- 
diate progenitors were born in Ireland, and 
were therefore "Scotch-Irish." Philip Silk- 
nitter, grandfather of Harry Silknitter, was 
a native of Ireland. He was a farmer and 
stock breeder of Miller and BaiTee townships. 
His son, Dorsey Silknitter, was born at Stone 
Creek, Miller township, in 1824. He was ex- 
tensively engaged in the same occupations; 
owning and having under cultivation 365 
acres in Ban-ee township, raising, buying and 
making shipments of live stock. He carried 
on similar operations also in Miller township. 
In connection with his father, he built a fine 
brick dwelling, and made various other im- 
provements on his property. He was a Re- 
publican. His iirst wife, ^largaret Miller, 
was a daughter of Thimuis Miller, one of the 
family that gave its name to Miller township, 
where Mrs. Silknitter was born. She died in 
BaiTee township in 1873. Her children were: 
Sarah; Addie (Mrs. Michael Clay), of Grape- 
ville. Pa.; Harry; June; Mary; and Maggie. 
Mr. Silkiiitter's second wife was Miss Lucy 
Cracken, of Jackson township. Dorsey Silk- 
nitter died in 1893, on May 1. He was a 
member and trustee of the Methodist Epis- 
copal church. 

Harry Silknitter attended school at Manor 
Hill. He learned the business of a fanner on 
the homestead, worked there with his father 
until the death of the latter, when he took 
charge of the homestead and now cultivates 
160 acres, of which about 30 acres is wood- 
land. He is also interested in stock raising. 
He is a Republican. Mr. Silknitter is a dili- 
gent and faithful worker. 

SILAS W. GIBBOXEY, Saulslmrg, Hunt- 
ingdon county. Pa., was born in Bai-ree town- 
ship, December 5, 1835, son of Joseph and 
Rachel (Yocum) Gibboney. John Gibboney, 
his oTandfather, was of German descent, bu* 



was born in Pennsylvania, lie was a shoe- 
maker, residing in JJerks county, Pa., and re- 
moved witli his family to Barree township, 
Huntingdon county, where he continued to 
follow the same vocation. His first wife was 
Miss Lewis; she was the mother of Joseph and 
graudmother of Silas W. Gibboney. Her 
daughters were Kate and Elizabeth. She died 
in Ban-ee township, and ilr. Gibboney mar- 
ried a second time, and had several children. 
He was an old line Whig, and a member of 
the Baptist church. He died at the home of 
his son Joseph, in Barree to^vnship. Joseph 
Gibboney received a subscription school edu- 
cation, for which he was obliged to walk three 
miles to the school house. By his own efforts, 
he afterwards made up to a great extent for 
his lack of educational advantages. He began 
self-supporting work by hiring his services to 
the farmers of the vicinity, always managing 
to save some part of his moderate wages. He 
also worked at shoemaking with his father, 
and by diligence and economy, was able at 
twenty-three years of age to buy a tract of 
land in Ban-ee township, which he cleared 
himself. Jilaking new purchases year after 
year, he became at last the owner of 200 acres, 
in a good state of improvement, having upon 
it a fine house, a good barn and two orchards 
of Mr. Gibboney's planting. Besides tilling 
his land, he paid much attention to raising 
stock. Joseph Gibboney was married in Bar- 
ree township to Eachel Yocum, bom in Hunt- 
ingdon coimty. Their children are: John, 
deceased; Silas W.; Amanda, widow of John 
Stewart, of Barree township, now residing in 
Xebraska; Oliver, enlisted in Company C, 
Forty-ninth Pennsylvania Volunteers, died 
during his term of service. Mrs. Kachel Gib- 
boney died on the homestead. Mr. Gibboney 
married again, liis second wife being Jane 
^IcCrum, a native of Barree township. 
Both died on the homestead. Mr. Gibboney 
cast his earlier votes for Democratic candi- 
dates, but before the war of the Rebellion 
broke out he had become an ardent Republi- 
can. He was a devoted member of the IMeth- 
odist Episcopal church, faithful in her service, 
and always active in whatever work was to lie 

Silas "W. Gibboney was educated in a public 
school, held in a homely frame house, but 
owed his education largely to his own ambition 
and perseverance. He was also, as a boy, faith- 
ful in his attendance at Sundav-school. His 

business life began, and has always continued, 
on the homestead, of which, since his father's 
death, he has had sole charge. Mr. Gibboney 
cultivates over 145 acres of land. He is very 
fond of horses, and takes a pride in raising 
superior blooded stock. He pays attention 
also to raising cattle, and has introduced into 
the vallej' some excellent breeds of sheep. He 
has by his api^lication to business and his sen- 
sible and upright dealings, well merited the 
success he enjoys. He is much respected in 
the community; has served the township as 
supervisor for two terms, as auditor for three 
terms, and as assessor for three terms. He is 
a Reptiblican. 

The marriage of Silas AV. Gibboney to 
Hannah Mary, daughter of Robert Aston, 
took place at TjTone, Blair county. Pa., May 
2, 1861. Mrs. Gibboney was bora at Stone 
Creek, Barree to^^^lsllip; her father was a 
farmer; he enlisted in the United States 
army, and died during the term of enlistment. 
The children of Mr. and Mrs. Gibboney are: 
Oliver, on the homestead, married to Fannie 
Li^'ing■ston; Ella; ]\laggie, deceased; and Jo- 
sej^h M., deceased. Mrs. Gibboney and 
daughter are members of the Methodist Epis- 
opal church. 

JOSEPH REED McCRUM, Masseysburg, 
Huntingdon cotmty. Pa., was born in Barree 
to-\\Tiship, May 7, 1831, son of Geoi-ge and 
Rebecca (Henry) ;^[cCrum. His grandfather, 
the elder George McCrum, was born in 1776, 
and A^'as of Irish ancestry. He bought a farm 
of 200 acres in Barree township, which he 
cleared and improved, and upon Avhicli he built 
himself a log dwelling house and a barn. His 
wife's family name was McElhaney; their 
children were: Robert; James; John; "Wil- 
liam; George; Martha; Jane; Elizabeth; and 
Margaret. His wife died on the homestead; 
]\Ir. ]\IcCrum married again, but Avithout is- 
sue. Both he and his second wife died in 
Barree township, and their remains are in- 
terred at ]\Ianor Hill. Mr. McCrum was a 
Democrat. George ]\IcCrum (2) was educated 
in the district school. He remained -(dth his 
father on the homestead until he was twenty- 
one, and then learned carpentry, which was 
his vocation nearly all his life. He bought 
the farm of 260 acres, now the property of his 
son Joseph R., partially cleared and improved 
it, and turned his attention to farming and 
raising stock. ^Ir. ^McCrum was an indus- 



trious, persevering worker, a good husband 
and father. His political views were Demo- 
cratic. Georui' ^Ii-rniiii \\as married in Bar- 
ree township in KcKccca, <laii,-hrer of Saimiel 
Henry, a farmer (if that tdwiiship. Their chil- 
dren are: Henry, residing at Huntingdon, 
Pa.; Mary M. (Mrs. William P. Eeed), of 
Clearfield county. Pa.; Catharine A. (Mrs. 
Abraham Snyder), of West townshi^j; Joseph 
Reed; John M., of Stone Creek, Pa. ; Susanna 
J. (Mrs. Henry Wilson), of Oneida township, 
Huntingdon county. Mrs. Rebecca McCrum 
died in Oneida township in 1859. Mr. Mc- 
Crum married again; his second wife was 
Eliza Pagan; they had no children. Mr. 
McCrum died on the homestead in 1877, and 
is interred at Manor Hill. Mrs. Eliza Mc- 
Crum survived her husband, and died some 
time after at the home of his youngest daugh- 
ter, M:"s. Wilson, in Oneida township. They 
were members of the Methodist Episcopal 

Joseph R. JlcCrum received a common 
school education at Saulsburg and ]\Iasseys- 
burg. He resided on the homestead with 
his father until 1860 or '61, when he was 
about thirty years old. He then rented a 
farm owned by Robert Moore, in West town- 
ship; it contained 150 acres, which he culti- 
vated for two years, returning after that to 
the homestead. He has ever since resided 
there, having come into possession of the farm 
upon the death of his father. Mr. McCrum 
has made some fiu-ther improvements upon 
the farm, and is still engaged in cultivating it 
and raising stock. He is a Democrat. He 
takes a wai-m interest in educational matters, 
and fa\-ors the compulsory education law; he 
lias been for twelve years in the school board, 
of which he is treasurer. 

Jiisepli Kecd >rcCrum was married iu 1858, 
in llai-i'ei' tdwiiship, to Susanna, daughter of 
Charles Wuhertou, a farmer of German de- 
scent, residing in Porter township, where Mrs. 
McCrum was born. Their children are: 
Charles G., deceased; Mary (Mrs. Henry 
Sheesley), of West township; John C, of 
Barree township; Mary J. (Mrs. James 
Grossman'), of Jjarree tdwiislii]); Susanna A.; 
Watson; and Tlioiiia-. Mr. Me( 'rum is a mem- 
ber of the Jrethiidist I'^piscdpal church; he 
grew up under the care of the church, in its 
Sunday-school. He has been a diligent 
worker, and has won for himself a place in the 
esteem of his neighbors and acquaintances. 

Huntingdon county. Pa., was born in York 
county. Pa., March 8, 1827, son of Nicholas 
and Margaret (Rudy) Troutwein. His grand- 
father, a German named Troutwein, whose 
first name is not recorded, came to this coun- 
try during the Revolution, very probably 
among the troops auxiliary to the British 
forces, for he was among those captured by 
General Washington at Brandywine. When 
the war was nver, ~Sh\ Trmitweiu became a 
farmer in York county, wlicic lie marrii'd, and 
had five cliildren: Niehdlas, (ieoi-ge, and 
three daughters whose names have not been 
preserved. Mr. Troutwein belonged to the 
Lutheran church. He died in York county. 
His elder son, Nicholas Troutwein, was well 
educated in the German language, but was 
not acquainted with English. He was brought 
up as a farmer, and persevered throughout 
life in that calling. In 1838 he removed from 
York to Huntingdon county, where he bought 
a farm of 206 acres in Barree township. He 
built four dwelling houses, a large barn and 
outhouses, planted an orchard, and made other 
improvements. He was both farmer and stock 
raiser. He was at first an old line Whig, and 
afterwards a Republican; he was a school di- 
rector, and held other township offices, taking ■ 
an interest in the affairs of the community. 
He was deacon and elder in the Lutheran 
church, and was always active in church busi- 
ness. His wife, Margaret Rudy, was born in 
York county, where they were married. 
Their children are: Daniel, of Cimimings- 
ville, Jackson township; Samuel, deceased; 
Solomon; Rebecca, deceased, wife of Alex- 
ander Gettis. Nicholas Troutwein died No- 
vember 22, 1852, on the homestead, and is in- 
terred in the cemetery of Jackson township. 
His wife died in 1882, at the same i^lace. 

Solomon Troutwein received his education 
in York county and in Barree township, Hunt- 
ingdon county, in the days when three months 
in the winter season was thought to be suffi- 
cient time for school instruction and training. 
At the age of twelve he began helping his 
father in the cultivation of his farm, and has 
always remained on the homestead. After the 
death of his father, he took charge of the 
farm, and worked for the sujiport of his mother 
in her declining days. He still lives and la- 
bors in the same ]")lace, tilling the land and 
raising stock; he has made various needed im- 



provements Tipon the property. ^Ir. Troiit- 
wein takes a lively iiitei'est in politics, as a 
member of the Eepublican party. He has 
been school director for fifteen years, and au- 
ditor of the township for twelve years. 

Solomon Trout wein was married in 1861, 
in Barree township, to Mary Fleischer, a lady 
of German descent, born in Jackson town- 
ship. Their children are: Samuel, on the 
homestead; Margaret (Mrs. Harry Orner), of 
Jackson to\\mship; Cora (Mrs. William Or- 
ner), of Jackson township; Annie; Eva; John, 
deceased; "William, deceased; and Ada, de- 
ceased. Mr. Troutwein has been a deacon and 
is elder in the Lutheran church; he has at- 
tended conferences and synods as a represen- 
tative of his congregation; is a worker, as 
teacher and superintendent, in the Sunday- 
school; is a trustee, and a member of the Lu- 
theran church. Mr. Troutwein is highly es- 
teemed for his tipright life, his usefulness, 
and his o-enial and kindly manner. 

JOSEPH B. ^lATEEE, Manor Hill, 
Huntingdon count v. Pa., was bom in Miller 
township, October 9, 1849, son of Joseph and 
Ellen (Corbin) Mateer. William Mateer, his 
grandfather, was a farmer of Barree town- 
ship; he was of Scotch-Irish parentage, but 
was born in Pennsylvania. His son Joseph, 
father of Joseph B. Mateer, was also a fanner, 
in that part of Barree township now included 
in IMiller township, Avhere he rented a farm, 
cultivated it and raised stock. He was Re- 
publican in his political views. He married 
Ellen Corbin, born in West township. Their 
children are: Martha (ilrs. Alexander 
Couch), of IMiller township; James F., de- 
ceased; and Joseph B. Mr. Mateer died in 
Miller township, in 1850. His widow mar- 
ried again, returning to her maiden name; her 
second husband was Malachi Corbin. She 
died in 1882. 

Joseph B. Mateer attended school in West 
township. He was brought up by his uncle, 
Benjamin Corbin, of that township, upon 
wdiose farm he worked until he reached the 
age of eighteen. He then worked as a "hand" 
on farms in IMiller township for some time; 
after this he rented a fann in Oneida town- 
ship, and had it under cultivation for a year; 
then farmed in ^Miller township for two years ; 
then hired his sorviros out by the month in 
Jackson towiishi]) for two years. At the end 

of this time, Mr. Mateer rented his uncle's 
farm in Oneida township ; a year later he came 
to Miller towmship, and rented a farm for 
seven years; then worked a fanii in Jackson 
township for four years; then rented a farm 
in Mifflin county, and worked it for four 
years ; then took one in West township, Hunt- 
ingdon county, and cultivated it for three 
years, ilr. ^lateer then bought the sixty- 
seven acre farm in Barree township on which 
he now resides, engaged in cultivating it and 
raising stock. From boyhood to manhood, 
Mr. Mateer has been accustomed to diligent 
and useful labor; taking pleasure in accom- 
plishing it thoroughly and well, witliout be- 
ing discouraged by the roughness or difficulty 
of the task. He is kindly regarded and much 
respected in the community. His politics are 

Joseph B. Mateer was married in 1870, in 
Barree toA\'nship, to Kate, daughter of John 
L. Walker, farmer, of Jackson township, 
where ilrs. Mateer was born. Their children 
are: Edward, on the homestead; and Herbert, 
ilrs. ilateer is a member of the ilethodist 
Episcopal church. 

Saulsburg, Huntingdon county. Pa., was born 
at Stone Creek, Barree township (now Mil- 
ler), Sei^tember 4, 1841, son of Thomas and 
Susan (Uttley) CroAvnover. The father, 
Thomas, was born at Stone Creek, at which 
place his life was spent. Here he owned and 
operated a tract of upwards of 200 acres of 
land. Many useful and valuable improve- 
ments were made by him on his farm. He 
was married to Miss Susan L'ttley, of Hunt- 
ingdon county. Their family consisted of 
these children: Ellen, deceased; Elliott, de- 
ceased ; Elijah, killed in the army ; Margaret, 
widow of William Uttley, of IMifflin county; 
Brison, deceased; Harrison C. ; Asbury L., 
who farms the homestead; and three others 
who 4ied in infancy. In politics, Mr. Crown- 
over was a Eepublican, and held at various 
times all the township offices. For sixty years 
he was connected with the ilethodist church, 
with which denomination he took an active 
part in church work. His death, and that of 
his wife, occurred on the old homestead. 

Harrison C. Crownover received his educa- 
tion in the public schools of Barree township 
and in the Cassville Hio'h School. Having ac- 
quired a good training, he taught school for 

c^«i..,'r< ^. ^Ji^-^'^'^A 



provf'Uionts ufion the proi-ierty. Mr. iroiit- 

v,'(>in tik''-' •• H'.f'h' i?!t'T--'t •!• poliiics, as a 
, He has 
;s, aixl au- 


^ n, of 

■aisra Or- 

. Eva; John, 

.1 Ada, de- 

leacon and 

he has at- 

a represen- 

worker, as 

"lie Sunday- 

:- ;■. rni--u-, 11!,. 1 :; nieuiber of the Lu- 

•hiireh. Mr. Trontwein is highly es- 

for In's npriglit life, his usefulness, 

an<l kindlv manner. 

'ATEEK, Manor Hill, 
Pa., was bom in Miller 

,.i,, .. i... .;. 1840, son of Joseph and 

ElJen (Corbin) Mateer. William Mateer, his 
grandfather, \ a farmer of Barree town- 
ship; he was of Scotch-Irish parentage, but 
was born in Pennsylvania. His son Joseph, 
father of Joseph E. Mateer, was also a farmer, 
in that part of Barree to^vnship. now included 
in Miller township, where he rented a farm, 
ctdtivated it and raised stock. He was Ee- 
publican in his political ^news. He married 
Ellen rni-l)in-, born in West township. Their 
! ' ' I : Martha (Mrs. Alexander 

liller township; James F., de- 
' -■I'll B. Mr. Mateer died in 
< 1850. His widow inar- 
; to her maiden name; her 
- Malachi Corbin. She 

: attended school in West 
- iirought up by his uncle, 

J'.ii.jaiiiiii ' '>:■'■. \u. oi that township, upon 

vl -' •'': t- I Ii, worked until he reached' tlie 

,1. lie then worked as a "iiand" 

Jillcr towniship for some time; 

rnted a farm in Oneida town- 

siiii.. ;:i"i i;..i i^ ,;i:r!( r u'tivation for a year; 

tln-i; t:tri]i..l ic Mi'i. r •■■n^hip for tM'o years; 

then hiifit l.i- Norvici-,- .mt by the month in 

Jackson town.^hip for two years. At the end 

ot this time, Mr. Mateer rented his uncle's 
fan,, IV r>>ieida township; a ynr l^t.e'* b<» came 
\iiship, and :• ' ^ i'oi- 

I lien workei^ n 

■ 'Our years; i ^a-in 

ill MiiKiu i.-ouuty, ajid woikuO ii i'jr four 
years; then took one in West township, Hunt- 
ingdon county, and cultivated it for three 
years. Mr. Mateer then bought the sixty- 
seven acre farm in Ban'ee township on which 
he now rcsidi-s, engaged in cultivating it and 
raising stock. From boyhood to manhood, 
Mr. Mateer lins been accustomed to diligent 
and useful hibor; taking pleasure in accom- 
plishing it. thoroughl}' and well, %vithout be- 
ii!^ i-i ■.:•; jed by the roughness or difficulty 
! le is kindly regarded and much 
he community. His politics are 

r was married in 1870, in 
i . l^ate, daughter of -.John 

J v. of Jackson township, 

V, 'h r ,.as born. Their children 

arr: homestead; and Herbert, 

(unber of the Methodist 



at Si. 
ler), ^ 
Susai 1 
place I 
opera ti 


ments' w^f- 

who ' 
who ■ 
he \Y, 

his w 1 1 

HHrriBoii C . 
tion in the pu 
and. in the Ca=; 
qtiired a good 

t.R, farmer, 

•' . M-;i« born 

> ahiaiile improve- 
in his fanu. He 
l^ttley, of Hunt- 
'.Uy consisted of 
•ascd; Elliott, de- 
an nv; Margaret, 
"i Mifflin county; 
\ C; Asbury L., 
and three others 
liticSj Mr. Crown- 
d held at various 
-. For sixty years 
Methodist church, 
lie took an active 
- leath, and that of 
• 111 homestead. 
' .".iHivt-r received his eduea- 
,.'>■ achools of Ban"ee township 
v'li. Hitrh School. Having ac- 
tvtuning, he taught school for 

S.^^ ^.. ,^CjL^^. 



se\'eral years in Jackson and Barree town- 
ships. During this period his summers were 
spent in farm work, and at the age of twenty- 
four he rented a farm in Miller township. 
Some time afterwards he purchased a farm of 
125 acres on "Warrior's Uidi^c, wliich he 
operated for six years. Haviiii: ili-]n.~(.'d of his 
property, he moved to Barri.T tnwii-liip, where 
he bought a farm of 100 acres, un which he 
built a fine house costing more than $1,000, 
and made other improvements. In 1865 Mr. 
Crownover married Elizabeth C. Couch, born 
in Barree township in IS-il, daughter of Wil- 
liam and Phebe (Coy) Couch. Mr. Couch 
was of German descent and had a family of six 
children. Mr. and Mrs. Crownover have these 
children: William, t'ariiior. Miller townsliip, 
married Miss J-Mla l-'mich and have one child, 
Carrie; Thomas, farmer; Frank, farming in 
Porter township; Howard, teaching school 
in Barree township; John A., farmer; "Wal- 
ter, farmer; Maggie £. ; and Prederick C, 
deceased. Mr. Crownover is a member of the 
Grange and is deeply interested in matters 
pertaining to the welfare of the organization. 
He is a Kepublican, and has served for ten 
years as school director, and three years as 
township auditor. In 1891 he was elected 
director of the poor by a majority of 800 votes, 
and in 189-1 was re-elected by 1,800 majority, 
which shows that his efforts in behalf of the 
jjublic welfare are appreciated. He is identi- 
tied with the Methodist Episcopal church, tak- 
ing an active interest in all matters pertaining 
to his congregation, in which he is serving as 
Sunday-school .superintendent and as trustee 
and steward. The success which Mr. Crown- 
over has achieved in life is due to his own 

JAMES JOHXSTOX, M. D., was born in 
Barree township, Huntingdon county. Pa., 
February 21, 1SG2, son of Samuel and Ann 
(McCartney) Johnston. James Johnston re- 
ceived his primary education in the public 
schools of West township, and aftenvards at- 
tended the high school in Jackson township 
for five years. He then opened a store in 
Masseysburg, which he conducted for some 
years, careftilly saving liis profits. A fire, 
however, destroyed his stock at one time, by 
which he incurred a heavy loss. He retired 
from business in 1892, and began to read med- 
icine with Dr. G. W. Lupfer. One year later 
he entered the Baltimore Citv College of Phv- 

sicians and Surgeons, where he spent three 
years, graduating with honors in the spring 
of 1896. In politics, the Doctor is a Demo- 
crat, and in church fellowship, worships with 
the Methodist Episcopal church. His success 
in life is dtie to his own efforts, and his popu- 
larity is deserved, because of his worth and 

SA:\IUEL JOHXSTOX, farmer, Masseys- 
biu'g, Pa., was born in W^est township, Hunt- 
ingdon county, Pa., May 5, 1822, son of 
James and Lydia (Grafiius) Johnston. The 
father, James Johnston, was born in Ken- 
tucky and was of Scotch-Irish descent. From 
his native State he moved to Huntingdon and 
settled in I^ll■t(■r tnwiisliip, where he rented 
a farm and ciii^ai;:!!! also in stock raising. He- 
muving from I'urtrr township, he settled for a 
while in W^est township and then in Barree 
township on a farm of 180 acres, on which he 
made many improvements. He married, first, 
l\liss Lydia Graffins, daughter of jSTicholas 
Graffius, a farmer of West to-wnship. To this 
marriage these children were born: Eliza- 
beth (Mrs. Samuel Erwin), deceased; Cath- 
arine (]\rrs. William Hagan); Samuel; Mat- 
thew, deceased; Lydia (ilrs. George Mc- 
Cool), of Stone Creek; and one who died in 
infancy. j\Irs. Johnston died in Barree town- 
slii|). .Mr. Johnston's second wife was Sarah 
.McMalicJU. They had two children: John 
and Alexander, both deceased. In politics, 
ilr. Johnston was a Democrat; in religious 
faith, a Presbyterian. He was a tiseful citi- 
zen, and his death, which occurred on the old 
homestead, was a severe blow to the com- 

Samuel Johnston received his education in 
the puldic schools of Manor Hill and began 
life on the farm, where he remained and as- 
sisted his father until he was thirty years of 
age. At that time he rented a fann of 150 
acres at Manor Eidac wIutc he remained for 
sixteen years. In l^^-'l he ]iiivclia-(d a farm of 
220 acres of land in Barree tewiiship, on which 
he made many improvements. He was mar- 
ried to Miss Ann McCartney, a native of 
-Tackson township, and daughter of John Mc- 
( 'artiiey. They have had seven children: 
(irartins, on the homestead; Blanchard, was 
conductor on the railroad, is deceased; Maiy, 
widow of Henry Gabon ; Bessie, wife of Alli- 
son Schock, of Huntingdon; James, a phy- 
sician; ^fargarct, wife of Thomas Jackson, 



and Emily, deceased. ~M.v. Jolinston is a Dem- 
ocrat, aud served as postmaster of Masseys- 
burg nine years; he lias also been supervisor. 
He is a member of the Presbyterian chiu'ch, 
and being a man of character and worth, is 
justly esteemed by his neighbors. 

DAVID PORTER, farmer, Xeffs Mills, 
Huntingdon count}-, Pa., was born in Logan 
township, July 27, 1853, son of James and 
Catharine (Sheasley) Porter. The father and 
grandfather were both named James. The 
latter grew up on the farm and then formed 
a partnership with his brother, Samuel, en- 
gaging in farming and stock raising. James 
married Miss Catharine Sheasley, a native of 
Daujihin county; for an account of her fam- 
ily see sketch of David Sheasley. Their chil- 
dren are: William, farmer of Franklinville ; 
David; Lizzie; Mary; John, a miller; Annie; 
James; Miller; deorge; Jesse, who resides vAth 
David ; and Edward, at home. For a number 
of years James Porter farmed the old home- 
stead, and died there in 1892. He was a Dem- 
ocrat. He worshipjjed with the Presbyterian 
denomination. His widow still lives on the 

David Porter received his education in the 
public schools of Logan township. His occu- 
pation has always been farming. He re- 
mained at home, assisting his father, until he 
was twenty-eight years of age. He then rent- 
ed a farm of 130 acres in West to^vnship, near 
]\Ioores-\-ille, on which he resided six yeare. In 
1887 he moved to his present place, where he 
has since been continuously engaged in farm- 
ing and stock raising. His marriage to Miss 
Adria Hutchinson, a native of Barree town- 
ship, and daughter of Lewis Hutchinson, oc- 
curred in AVest township in 1881. 

To their union these children have been 
born: LeRoy, Veraon, Esther. ]\[r. Porter's 
political affiliations are with the Democratic 
party. He is connected with the ]\lothodist 
Episcopal church. He has always been an 
industrious and progressive citizen, and justly 
merits the esteem of his neighbors. 

A:\10X HOrCK, Top City, Hunt- 
ingdon county. Pa., was born at Coffee Run, 
Lincoln township, Huntingdon county,. Octo- 
ber 2, 1842. He is the son of Lazarus and 
lanthc fCrnm) Tfouck. Lazarus Houck, 
father of Ainon ilouck, was a native of Tod 

township, the son of Michael and Sarah 
(Clark) Houck, both of German descent. Mr. 
Lazarus Hoiick farmed in Tod and Lincoln 
townships, later he moved to Broad Top City, 
where he died in l.ssl. Mr. Houck was a 
Republican. He was justice of the peace of 
Lincoln township for two terms. Mr. Houck 
was married to lanthe, daughter of Henry 
and Catharine Crum, of Trough Creek. Their 
children are: Maria; Sarah, widow of John 
Seidel, of Broad Top City; Mahala, widow 
of Michael Decker, Williamsport, Pa. ; Simp- 
son H., Broad Top City; Amon; Caroline, 
deceased; Ezekiel, was killed in the anny, 
June 17, 186-1:, near Petersburg; jSTicholas, 
deceased; Abel W., killed in a stone quarry, 
1871; Bryson, deceased; Michael, deceased; 
and Margaret, deceased, ilr. Houck was a 
devout member and a class leader of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal church. Mrs. Houck died in 

Amon Houck passed the first fourteen 
3'ears of his life on the farm, working and at- 
tending the public schools of Lincoln to^vn- 
ship. AVhen he left the farm he worked as 
a laborer in Broad Top City ; spent two years 
as fireman in a steam saw-mill; then learned 
carpentry, and worked at that trade imtil the 
breaking out of the civil war. Mr. Houck en- 
listed, April 4, 1861, at Hollidaysburg, Blair 
county, Pa., in the Eighty-fourth Pennsyl- 
vania Volunteers, Company E, Colonel Si- 
mons, Captain Johnson. He took part in the 
battles of the Wilderness, Spottsylvania Court 
House, Cold Harbor, Petersburg and Charles 
City Cross Roads. In this last engagement, 
which took place August 16, 1864, he was 
severely wounded in the right arm, and on 
the same day was taken to the field hospital, 
where his right arm was amputated at the 
shoulder joint. Mr. Houck was then sent 
to the Satterlee hospital. West Philadelphia, 
where he spent thirteen months; during part 
of this time he attended school in Christian 
street. While in the hospital, he returned to 
Broad To]i City on a furlough to cast his first 
presidential vote, which was for Abraham Lin- 
coln. He was discharged September 2, 1865. 
Returning home a cripple, unfitted for manual 
labor, he became a book agent, and for several 
months he was fairly successful, selling the 
Life of Lincoln and the Life of General 
Grant. In February, 1866, he began business 
in Broad Top City, and in the same year he 
was appointed postmaster of that city, an ofllice 



which he held for a uuniber of years. In IS 71 
Ml'. Houck was elected sheriff of Huntingdon 
county, on the Republican ticket, with a ma- 
jority of seven hundred and hfty, going ahead 
of his ticket. This othce he held for over 
three years, the term being lengtliciH'd by the 
new Constitution, which was nuulc while lie 
was sheriif. During this time he ri'sidcil in 
Huntingdon, discharging the duties of his of- 
iice with credit to himself and satisfaction to 
the public. In March, 1875, Mr. Houck re- 
turned to Broad Top City and for twenty 
years kept a general .store. He met with mod- 
erate success in business and was able to care 
for his aged parents and two sisters. He suf- 
fered severely during the financial panic of 
1893; in the spring of 1896 he retired from 
business. Mr. Houck filled various otfiecs in 
Broad Top City; he was tax collector, school 
director, councilman and b^irgess of the city 
for several terms. In the summer of 1897 
Mr. Houck bought some lots in Shippensburg, 
Pa., built himself a house, and removed to 
that borough, where he went into the retail 
coal business, and is still occupied with the 
same. He is an active and energetic member 
of the Republican party, zealous in all that 
pertains to its interests. He is also a member 
•of I. 0. O. F., No. 579, Broad Top City; of 
the P. 0. S. of A., of the G. A. R., and the 
United States Main Soldiers' League; and of 
the Sons of Temperance. Mr. Houck is a 
genial companion, and is very popular. 

Anion Houck was married in Broad Top 
City, Huntingdon county, October 26, 1871, 
to Annie J., daughter of Evan J. and Ann 
(Llewellyn) Jones, a native of Wales. Mr. 
Jones was a miner at Broad Top City. The 
children of this man-iage are: Gertrude, de- 
ceased; Minnie H. ; May E., deceased; Car- 
rie L. ; A men E. ; Evan Garfield; Maggie B.; 
Naomi P.; Florence; and "William IL, de- 
ceased. Mr. Houck is an earnest, active mem- 
ber of the Methodist Episcopal church. He 
has been a teacher and superintendent of the 
Sunday-school for a number of years, and a 
class leader for over fifteen years; he is a 
tnistee of his congregation. 

JOHN W. LYTLE, Coalmont, Hunting- 
don county. Pa., was born in Loysburg, Bed- 
ford county. Pa., November 15, 18.32. He is 
the son of Benjamin C. and Lydia (Cole) 
Lytle. His grandparents were William and 

Miriam (Carpenter) Lytic. William Lytle's 
son, Nathaniel, was the father of Milton S. 
Lytle, of Huntingdon, Pa. Benjamin Lytle, 
father of John W. Lytle, was born in Centre 
couuty, Pa. He received a fairly good edu- 
cation at Jersey Shore, Pa. Mr. Lytle learned 
tailoring with James Thompson at Birming- 
ham, Huntingdon county, and worked at his 
trade in Hollidaysburg and Martinsburg, 
Blair county, and at Marklesburg, Hunting- 
don county. In 1853 Mr. Lytle abandoned 
his trade, and for six years was an agent for 
obtaining patent rights. He was justice of 
the peace in Hopewell and Lincoln townships 
f(ir Xi'W years. Mr. Lytle was a memlter of 
the Rei)ublican party. He filled the office of 
auditor of Carbon county for one term. Ben- 
jamin Lytle was married at Spruce Creek, to 
Lydia Cole, a native of Pennsylvania. Their 
children are: Emma, deceased, married John 
Stone, who died from the effects of a wound 
received at the battle of Gettysburg, after- 
wards married J. R. Weaver, of Shy Beaver, 
Pa.; John W. ; Miriam; Benjamin, killed in 
the battle of Spottsylvania; Samuel, died 
young; Annie (Mrs. David Weaver), of Shy 
Beaver; James, living in the west; Augustus; 
and Josephine (Mrs. James S. Dieter), of Som- 
erset county, Pa. Mr. Lytle was a member 
of the Baptist church, and was deeply inter- 
ested in church affairs. He was an invalid for 
the last fifteen years of his life. He died in 
Entiiken, Lincoln township, April, 1873. His 
wife died in Coalmont, Deceml)er 2-1, 1882, 
at the home of her son, John W. Lytle. 

John W. Lytle received a limited education 
in the schools of Penn township, and in a 
night school which he attended for some time. 
He began life as a day-laborer, working for 
wages for his father and for the farmers in 
Penn and Hopewell townships. During the 
autumn and winter, when the labors of the 
farm were over, he worked at tailoring. For 
three years Mr. Lytle was employed on the 
Huntingdon and Broad Top Railroad. In 
1852 he spent four months as clerk for Black, 
Chalfont & Co., of Braddocks Field, Pa., and 
in 1S53 entered upon his life work as a teach- 
er. For forty-five years Mr. Lytle was a suc- 
cessful teacher in the schools of Huntingdon 
county. IMany of his pupils, who have at- 
tained to high positions in the county, ascribe 
their success to his faithful and judicious care. 
At Barnettstown he taught classic Latin. He 



enlisted at Coffee Run, Huntingdon county, 
Api'il 21, 18(31, in Company D, Fifth Penn- 
sylvania Volunteers, Colonel McDowell, Capt. 
B. F. Miller, of Huntingdon. Mr. Lytle 
took part in the second battle of Bull liuu, 
the battles of South Mountain and of Antie- 
tam, where he was wounded in the leg and in 
the right side. He was in the hospital from 
September, 1SG2, to February, lb63, when 
he was discharged at Alexandria, Va. Re- 
turning to Hiuitingdon county, he again en- 
gaged in teaching, but his health was brokeii 
by the hardships of army life, and he was 
greatly hindered by sickness. Mr. Lytle was 
deputy burgess of Coalmont, and towm clerk 
for six years. In 1886 he was appointed post- 
master of Coalmont, and served four years. 
He was again apiJointed in September, 1895, 
and still holds that position. Mr. Lytle is 
highly esteemed and very iniiueutial iu Coal- 
mont. He is a member of the K. of ^M. of 
Pennsylvania; G. A. R., of Saxton, Heffuer 
Post, Xo. 166; founder of the K. of A. of 
Coalmont; member of the Knights of Labor, 
of the Sons of Temperance, and of the Junior 
Sons of '76, F. I. or B. of Pa., Brotherhood 
of the LTuiou, and of the order of G. T., and 
of E. L. 

John W. Lytle was married in Tod town- 
ship, January 28, 1864, to Annie E., daughter 
of Frederick Crum, of Tod township. Their 
children are: Horace G., resides with his 
father, John "\V. Lytle; Blanchard C, a me- 
chanic of Pittsburg; Lydia K. (Mrs. James 
Brewer), of South Fork, Pa.; George, a 
miner in Broad Top, and Laura Grace, at 
home. The family, except Mr. and Mrs. John 
Lytle, are members of the ^Methodist Episcopal 
church. John "\V. Lytle and his wife were 
once Baptists, but for many years have at- 
tended no church organization, he himself 
having always been a liberal in principle. He 
believes that religion does not consist in form 
or mode of baptism, but in character and act. 

ANDREW HICKES, Coalmont, Hunt- 
ingdon county. Pa., was born at ISTe-wry, Blair 
county, Pa., "June 22, 1820. He is the son 
of Peter and Eva (Spielman) Hickes. Mr. 
Hickes' father, Peter Hickes, a German by 
descent, was a native of Adams county. While 
he was quite young his father and mother died 
in Adams county. Pa. Peter was taken to 
Petersburg, Huntingdon county, and bound 

to a shoemaker, Mr. Seavers, with whom he 
reuuiined until lie was twenty-one. When 
Mr. Hickes was of age he left Petersburg, and 
settled in Xewry, Blair county. Pa., where he 
remained until his death, working at his trade 
almost all his life. Mr. Hickes was a Whig. 
He was a kind-hearted, upright man, much 
esteemed by his neighbors. He was married 
at Newry, Blair county, to Eva Spielman, of 
that place. Their children are: Andrew, 
Margaret, died in youth; Rebecca (Mrs. Jo- 
seph Harling); Elizabeth (Mi-s. Captain John 
Beaston), of Huntingdon; Susan, widow of 
Michael Bergman, Cambria comity. Pa.; 
Eliza (Mrs. Frederick George), Lilly Station, 
Pa.; and Mary, widow of Frederick Harling. 
Xewi-y, Pa. Mr. and ]\Irs. Peter Hickes died 
in Xewry. 

Andrew Hickes attended a subscription 
school in Blair county for a short time, but 
is almost entirely self-educated. L'ntil he was 
twenty-one he lived with his uncle, Andrew 
Helderbrand, working with him on the farm. 
In 1841 he left the fann and found employ- 
ment on the railroad, working for nine sea- 
sons as carman on the Portage Railroad. Mr. 
Hickes was too enterprising to remain long in 
this position. He removed to Indiana county, 
Pa., cultivated a farm of 196 acres, situated 
in Pine township, and dealt largely in stock. 
He also kept a hotel and was very successful 
financially. LTnfortunately he was obliged to 
pay $3,000 bail for two of his friends whom 
he had supposed to be honest men. This losa 
ruined his business, and he returned to Blair 
county. Two years later ilr. Hickes, not dis- 
couraged by his former failure, began life 
anew in Coalmont, Huntingdon county, as a 
day-laborer, shoveling coal and chopping lum- 
ber. He Avas industrious and thrifty, and in 
three years he had saved money and bought 
pi'operty. For the next twenty-four years ^Ir. 
Hickes worked as bucker and teamster in the 
Broad Top district. He then bought a farm 
in Tod township, and was at the time agent 
for the Huntingdon and Broad Top Railroad. 
Later he was made agent for the laud, and 
also for the Xew York Coal and Iron Com- 
pany, which position he occupied for sixteen 
years. Mr. Hickes was postmaster of Coal- 
mont, receiving his appointment in 1S69. In 
1877 he added the agency of the Adani'* Ex- 
press Company at Coalmont. In 1883 Mr. 
Hickes bought a ceueral store in Coalmont 



and became a successful merchant. He owns 
and operates a coal bank in Coalmout, wliere 
lie employs twenty men. The opening of this 
coal bank cost more than $2,000, but it has 
yielded largely and has well repaid the enter- 
prising owner. Mr. Hickcs has twice l(.sl his 
barn by fire. He had vcrv iiitir iii<iiraii<-c, 
but he has built a large barn, mlmHi leer, tlie 
finest in the valley, on the site of the old barn ; 
he has also erected a handsome dwelling. Mr. 
Hickes is an active member of the Republi- 
can party, and voted for President McKinley. 
He is a member of the I. O. O. F. of Coal- 
niont, and is highly esteemed in the com- 
munity as progressive and enterprising. He 
has been elected to various offices; has been 
schtMil directiir for three terms, tax collector 
for twii and supervisor for three terms. 

Amh'ew Iliekes was married in 1844 at 
Hollidaysburg, Blair county, to Margaret 
Johnson, a native of Blair county. Their 
children are: Thomas A., at home; John A., 
farmer in Hopewell township; Jane E., de- 
ceased; Catherine, storekeeper; and George, 
farmer in Tod t<iwiishi]i. "S\y. ami ]\rrs. Hickes 
are member- ef tlie .Merlii"li-t dmrrli. Mrs. 
Hickes, altheiigh in lier seventy-ninth year, 
is active 'in all good works. Mr. Hickes is a 
genial, kind-hearted gentleman, well liked and 
influential, enjoying in his old age the well- 
earned fruits of his energy and enterprise. 
He has never known sickness and neither he 
nor any of his sous has ever touched liquor 
or used tobacco in any form. 

JACOB HESS, merchant, Coalmont, 
Huntingdon county. Pa., was born March 19, 
183-4, in Penn township, son of Henry and 
Margaret (Wise) Hess. His grandfather, Ja- 
cob Hess, was a native of Germany. He set- 
tled in Penn township, where he purchased 
a farm of 250 acres, and also bought another 
farm in Tod to'wnship. He was married to 
Miss Elizabeth Zimmerman, by whom he had 
one child, Henry. Jacob Hess (1) was an 
old line Whig. His church fellowship was 
with the River Brethren. Henry Hess was 
born in Penn township, and educated in siib- 
scription schools. He was a farmer, both in 
Penn and Tod townships. He was married 
in Penn township to !Miss ]\Iargaret "Wise, of 
Bedford county. Their children were : Eliza- 
beth (]\rrs. Samuel Crum) ; Sarah (Mrs. Adam 
Clarkson), deceased; Jacob; Henry, a farmer 

in Penn to'wnship; Abraham, of Colorado; 
Samiiel, of Colorado; Nancy (Mrs. Thomas 
Simeton), of Iowa, deceased; Joseph, of Dud- 
ley; Adam, deceased; Margaret, deceased; 
William, of Grafton; and John, a brave sol- 
dier in the United States army, killed at An- 
tietam. Mrs. Hess died in Penn township, 
and Mr. Hess married, secondly. Miss Mary 
Keller, by whom he had three children: Jack- 
son, of Penn township, and two who died in 
infancy. !Mr. Hess was a Republican. 

Jacob Hess (2) attended the public schools 
of Tod and Penn townships, and spe'.it his 
early days on the farm in Tod townshiii. For 
seventeen years he cultivated a farm there, 
after which he sold his property and embarked 
in mercantile pursuits in 1880 at Coalmont. 
For the past seventeen years he has met with 
good success in this enterprise, and owns the 
store and dwelling house where he now re- 
sides. Mr. Hess is a staunch Republican, and 
has seiwed as assessor of Carbon to^vnship. An 
enterprising and progressive citizen, an hon- 
est and able man, he is justly respected and 

Jacol) Hess was married in 1854, in Tod 
township, to Elizabeth, daughter of James 
Gilam, a merchant of Huntingdon, Pa. Their 
children are: Esther (Mrs. George Hicks); 
James, of Carbon township; Mary (Mrs. Wil- 
liam Snare), of Illinois. Mr. Hess is superin- 
tendent of the Methodist Ei^iscopal Sunday- 
school, and also steward of the church. 

HEXRY R. SHEARER, book-keeper for 
the Rock Hill Iron and Coal Company, Rob- 
ertsdale, Huntingdon county, was born Sep- 
tember 26, 1828, in Hamilton township, 
Franklin county. Pa., son of Gideon and 
Sarah (Moore) Shearer. His grandfather, 
]\Iichael Shearer, was born in Lancaster coun- 
ty, (if German |iareiiiage. He owned a farm 
of 110 acres in i''ranl<lin county, and his death 
occurred in Chambersburg, where he was liv- 
ing retired. He maiTied Miss Rhodes; their 
children were: iliehael; Lydia; Elizabeth; 
Gideon ; and one daughter who died lumamed. 
Mrs. Shearer died on the farm in Franklin 
county. She and her husband were faithful 
members of the German Reformed church. 
Gideon Shearer was bom in Franklin county, 
and farmed there until he removed to Tell 
township, Huntingdon county, where he cul- 
tivated and iinproved a farm of 150 acres. He 



was married in Franklin county to Sarah, 
daughter of John iloore, land owner, of Irish 
descent. Their children were: Henry K. ; 
and Elizabeth, deceased. Mrs. Shearer died 
in 1SS6 at the home of her son Henry R. 
Gideon Shearer was an old line "Whig. He 
was a Presbyterian. 

Henry R. Shearer was educated in the pub- 
lic schools of Tell township, in one of the 
typical school houses of the early days. Un- 
til the death of his father, Henry remained 
at home and worked on the farm. He then 
removed to Shade Gap, where he ran a line of 
mail coaches for four years from Mt. Union 
to Chambersburg. He next entered mercan- 
tile business at Shade Gap, and continued it 
for eight years. In 1876 he moved to Rob- 
ertsdale and became book-keeper for the Rock 
Hill Iron and Coal Company, and also foi 
Royer A: Co. He has served with credit to 
himself and satisfaction to his employers. Be- 
sides his other pursuits, Mr. Shearer taught 
school for some time, having prepared himself 
at the ]\[ilnw()iH] Academy. He was married 
at Yellnw S|iriiii:-, Pa., in 1858, to Christina 
D., dauiihtcr df .Idlm Kuhn, of Blair county. 
Their children are: Sarah, deceased; S. Jen- 
nie, Martha E., Annie J., William C, de- 
ceased; Harry G., Laura D., book-keeper with 
her father. 

Mr. Shearer is a Republican and has served 
as school director, secretary of the school 
board and judge of the elections. He is an 
elder in the Presbyterian church and has 
served as teacher and superintendent in the 
Sunday-school. He is a member of the build- 
ing committee and is treasurer. He is a worthy 
man, and much respected. 

REV. JOHX PALMER, Dudley, Hunting- 
don coiinty. Pa., was born August 15, 1828, 
in Monmouthshire, England, son of John and 
Ann Palmer. John Palmer was a native of 
England and came to this country in 1849, 
settling in Cumberland, Md. His family con- 
sisted of twelve children, of whom four are 
living: Sarah, widow of Benjamin Spersey, 
of Erostburg, Md.; Rebecca (Mrs. Thomas 
Jenkins), Erostburg, Md. ; Anna, mdow of 
Matthew Powell, Altoona, Pa.; and John. 
Mr. Palmer was a Republican. He was a 
member of the ]\Iethodist Protestant denomi- 
nation. He died in 1S7T, in Somerset couutv. 

Rev. John Palmer was educated in his na- 

tive country, and followed mining until 
twenty-five years of age, when he sailed for 
America and landed seven weeks later in New 
York City. He soon found employment in 
the Broad Top coal mines in Huntingdon 
county. Pa. Many years of his life were spent 
in the Dudley mines, in which he served as 
mine boss and ior three years as superintend- 
ent. He retired from mining in 1891. Early 
in life Mr. Palmer became a local preacher 
in the Primitive Methodist church, and 
preached both in England and South Wales. 
In Baltimore he was ordained deacon, and in 
Sharpsburg, Pa., was made an elder. He has 
preached in Dudley for thirty years. He or- 
ganized the fii*st Sabbath-school at that place, 
and made strenuous and successful efforts to 
secure a church building. For many years 
he has been class leader, and Sunday-school 
superintendent for thirty-five years, and is ever 
ready to render aid to the needy. His tem- 
perance principles are pronounced, and gov- 
ern his conduct absolutely. He has served 
three years as school director, two terms as 
assessor, and one term as burgess of Dudley. 
He is highly esteemed for his worth and 

Rev. .John Palmer was married, first, in Eng- 
land, to Miss Harriet ilatthews, by whom he 
had three children, one of whom, ^Matilda, 
■\vidow of Rev. Mr. Stauffer, of Altoona, sur- 
vives. Mrs. Palmer died in Dudley in 1857. 
He married, secondly. Miss Catharine Stin- 
son, of Huntingdon countv. Their children 
are: Han-iet (Mi-s. C. H. Reed); Lillian (Mrs. 
Samuel Hess), of Johnstown; John W., mar- 
ried Lizzie, daughter of Levi Reed, Novem- 
ber 12, 1895, station agent of Huntingdon 
and Broad Top Railroad, Dudley. 

WILLIA:\I weaver, Shy Beaver P. 0., 
Huntingdon county. Pa., was born in Hope- 
well township, ]\Iarch 23, 1823, son of Henry 
and Rachel (Bryan) Weaver. His grand- 
father, Jacob Weaver, came to America from 
liis native country, Holland, when a young 
man, and first settled in Maryland, in or near 
Hagerstown. In 1791 he came with his wife 
and children, following the trail of the In- 
dian, to Huntingdon county, where he took 
up a tract of land in Hopewell township. This 
land he sold, and afterwards settled on an- 
other farm, containing 500 acres. Hero lie 
made improvements, raised stock and dealt 



in land, meeting witli success in his opera- 
tions. Pie died in Hopewell township. His 
son, Henry Weaver, was born after the re- 
moval to Pennsylvania. He was all his life 
a farmer in Hopewell township, where he 
owned 500 acres, of which he sold two hun- 
dred and cultivated the remainder. He built 
a house and barn, and added other improve- 
ments. He gave some attention to stock rais- 
ing. The children of Mr. and Mrs. Henry 
"Weaver are: Ruth, widow of John Bowser; 
Sarah, wife of Abraham McGahan, of Wil- 
liamsport. Pa.; John B., on the homestead; 
William; Matilda, wife of David Helsel, of 
Blair county. Pa. ; Harriet, wife of L. Crager, 
of Lincoln township; Catherine, wife of John 
Buchanan, of Illinois; Elizabeth, deceased, 
wife of Joseph Edwards; George B., deceas- 
ed; Daniel, of Saxton, Bedford countv, Pa.; 
Martha, .lecoas,..!, wife uf William fvplHTs; 
James, ,l,.,-caM.l.aii<l iU^iirv. . l.v,-:,s...l. ' llcirv 
Wea\.T was a 1 lciiM..-ral ; he t.M.k an active 
part in township business. He was a member 
of the Kefoi-med church. Both parents died 
on the homestead. 

Their second son, William W^eaver, attend- 
ed the common schools of Hopewell to^\^lship, 
and began active life on the farm with his 
father. He resided on the homestead until 
1843, when he bought 100 acres of the home- 
stead farm, and has ever since cultivated that 
land. He also bought -400 acres in Hopewell 
township and in Bedford county, all of which 
is cultivated under his direction. He pays at- 
tention likewise to raising stock. Mr. Weaver 
was for six years in the school board of the 
township, and was super^'isor for four terms. 
He is a Democrat. In 1889 he was a candi- 
date for the office of associate juduc and, al- 
though defeated by the ric|iiililican camlidatc, 
had a very large vote. He is an eutcrju-isiiig 
man. That he did not enlist during the war 
of the Rebellion arose from no lack of patriot- 
ism and of energy, but was because he was re- 
jected on account of disability. 

William Weaver was married in Blair 
county in 1852 to Lydia Smith, a native of 
Pottsville, Pa. Their children are: Isaac, on 
the homestead, married Jennie, daughter of 
Bryson Houck, of Tod to^vnship, and had two 
children, who are deceased; Oliver, on the 
homestead, is married to Margaret Moyers; 
and two children who died in infancy. Mr. 
Weaver is a member of the Lutheran church, 

and a faithful worker in the Sunday-school, 
which he has served as teacher and superin- 
tendent. He has attended all the Sunday- 
school conventions held in the county. Mr. 
W^eaver is a useful and influential member 
of the connnunity, in which he is well liked 
and much respected. 

JOIIX B. WEAVER, Shy Beaver P. 0., 
Huntingdon county. Pa., was born on the 
homestead, in Hopewell township, March 26, 
1817, son of Henry and Rachel (Bryan) Wea- 
ver. A sketch of the older members of the 
family appears in connection 'with that of 
William Weaver, brother of John B. 

John B. Weaver was educated in the com- 
mon school of Hopewell to\vnship, with its log 
walls, unglazed windows and plank benches; 
in spite of which homely surroundings, he ac- 
quired a fairly good education. He has spent 
his entire life on the homestead. His father 
dying when he was but twelve years of age, 
Mr. Weaver, as the eldest son, was obliged 
very early to work for the support of his 
mother and the family, cultivating the 130 
acres on which they had their home. He did 
this with faithful diligence, and showed his 
enterprise by addiiia ini])riiveraents to the 
farm. His life was >ni-h as to win for him 
the confidence of tlic c(niinniiiity in wliich he 
lived. He was in the school board for fifteen 
years, and was at different times elected su- 
pervisor, assessor and tax collector. He is of 
the "free silver" party. 

John B. Weaver was married in Hopewell 
to\vaiship, July 3, 1844, to Rebecca, daughter 
of Lcrmard Weaver, farmer of that township. 
Their children are: Lucy; Leonard W., on 
the homestead; Ida, died March 28, 1897; 
Reuben; Jackson; Erancis; Alfred; Luther; 
John W. ; Isabella; Howard; Susan; all of 
these, except the first two sons, are deceased; 
two infants besides died not named. Mrs. 
Weaver died March 29, 1877. Mr. Weaver 
is a member of the Reformed church. 

JOIIX W. RUSSELL, Shy Beaver P. 0., 
Ilnntingdon county. Pa., was born in Hope- 
well township, April 30, 1844, son of Jacob 
and Catherine (Weaver) Russell. George 
Russell, his grandfather, was a farmer of the 
same township, owmng over 600 acres of 
land, on which he built a dwelling, barns, etc. 
He came to Huntingdon from Berks county in 



1795. He died in Hopewell township. His 
son, Jacob Kiissell, was also a large land own- 
ei- and a farmer, liavinti- r.oO acres of land, 
which he improved and cultivated. He filled 
the offices of tax collcc-t<ir and supervisor of 
Hopewell township. He was a Democrat. Ja- 
cob Eussell married Catherine, daughter of 
Christian Weaver, of Hopewell township. 
They had ten children: Susanna, deceased, 
wife of William Fisher, of Illinois; David, of 
Hopewell to^^aiship; Isaac, on the home- 
stead; Mary (ilrs. Thomas Kirk), of 
Hopewell to'wnship; John W. ; Abraham, of 
Hopewell township; Samuel, of Hopewell 
township; Daniel, of Bedford county. Pa.; 
James, resides with his brother John W. ; and 
Eosanna, deceased, wife of Philip Brum- 
baugh. Mr. Russell died in 1809, and his 
Avife in 1873. He was a member of the Re- 
formed church, a good and respected man. 

John W. Russell obtained his education in 
the schools of Hopewell township and at Mar- 
tinsburg, Blair county, Pa. He taught school 
in HoiDcwell township for twelve terms, hav- 
ing been in charge of one school eleven years. 
He resided on the fai-m with his father until 
he was twenty-one years of age; he was then 
for two years employed as repairman on the 
Huntingdon and Broad Top Railroad, after 
which he began fanning on his own account, 
on the place where he now resides. He owned 
110 acres, and built upon his property a fine 
dwelling, at a cost of over $1,200, and a barn 
costing $1,100, besides making other improve- 
ments. Mr. Russell also has lime pits on the 
farm. He gives some attention to raising 
stock. He is a very active and enterprising 
business man ; owns two other farms, one con- 
taining 149 acres, in Woodberry township, 
Blair county, and one in Bedford county, of 
424 acres. On both of these tracts he has 
built dwellings, barns, etc. Mr. Russell takes 
a very deep interest in education; he was for 
twenty-four years in the school board of the 
toAmship. For three years he was supervisor, 
and he has also been assessor and fax collector. 
He is a Democi-ai. Il<' was clcciid justice. of 
the i^eace in 1^'.'-, ami lias lillcd tlic olHce sat- 
isfactorily, giving evidence of good judgment 
and impartiality. 

Mr. Russell is a member of the Reformed 
church, and a worker in its Sunday-school; 
a man of sterling worth, and hig'hly respected. 

WILLIAM S. EXYEART, justice of the 
peace and tanner, Puttstown, Huntingdon 
county. Pa., was born in Marklesburg, Penn 
townshiiJ, December 19, 1847, son of Jackson 
and Jane (Shirley) Enyeart. William En- 
yeart, grandfather of William S., was a native 
of Huntingdon county, and one of the first 
settlers in Penn township. He owned a farm, 
which he cultivated with diligence and built 
thereon a fine house and barn, besides making 
other necessary imjDrovements. His mar- 
riage occurred in Huntingdon county; he was 
the father of twenty-one children, all de- 
ceased except Margaret, widow of Jefferson 
Simonton, of Marklesburg. . Mr. Enyeart was 
a Democrat. He was a member of the Lu- 
theran church. His son, Jackson Enyeart, 
was born in Penn township in 1820. He was 
a carpenter, contractor ami builder. He built 
the largest part of .Marklolmi-g, and moved 
from that place to Hoiicwdl township, where 
he farmed ten years. At the end of this time 
he purchased a tannery in Puttstown and con- 
ducted it, under the firm name of Enyeart & 
Son, for ten yeai's, when he retired from busi- 
ness. He married iliss Jane Shirley, born in 
Martinsburg, Blair county, Pa., in 1823, 
daughter of William and Elizabeth (Claj^per) 
Shirley. Their children are: William S.; 
Alice (Mrs. Andrew Kagey), of Kansas; 
Frank, salesman; John, clerk; C. Grant, 
chief clerk of the Duquesne steel works, Du- 
quesne. Pa. In 1876 Mr. Enyeart died; his 
wife smwives and resides in Piittsto^vn. He 
was a Republican, and served as school di- 
rector. His worthy character gained the 
hearty esteem of his neighbors. 

William S. received his primary education 
in the public schools of Penn and Hope- 
well, and completed his training in the 
Marklesburg Seminary. His early life was 
spent on a farm in Hopewell township, assist- 
ing his father, after which he was for ten 
years his father's partner in the tanning busi- 
ness. Upon the retirement of the father, his 
brothers entered the business, and the firm be- 
came W. S. Enyeart t^^ Bros. At the end of 
ten years he assumed full control, purchasing 
the shares of his brothers and cond^icting the 
business with splendid success. He also o-nms 
a farm of 247 acres in Hopewell township, 
on which many improvements have been 
made, including the erection of a fine barn. 



The foi'iiier barn was destroyed by fire in 
1885, involving a loss of $2,000, the stock and 
farm implements all being destroyed. 

William S. Enyeart was married in Bedford 
county, in 1ST2, to Jvliss Annie L. Stoler, i)orn 
in "Woodcock valley, Huntingdon county, 
daughter of Daniel and Maria (Flook) Stoler. 
Their children are: Mary; George W.; Daniel 
E. ; Flora C. and Maria S. Mr. Enyeart is 
very much in favor of compulsory education; 
he served as school director for fifteen years. 
He is a staunch Republican, was tax collector 
for the county several terms, and was ck'rtcd 
justice of the peace in 1889 by an overwhelm- 
ing majority. His fitness is shown by the fact 
that his decisions are invariably sustained by 
the higher court. He served as juryman in 
the United States Court at Pittsl)urg on an 
important case recently. A deed for the farm 
owned by Mr. Enyeart in Hopewell township, 
dated May 20, 1794, was from Robert ^lurris 
and wife, one of the signers of the Declara- 
tion of Independence, the_instrument being 
drawn in favor of Andrew Henderson. Mr. 
Enyeart is a member of the German Reformed 
church, and is an enterprising and progressive 

ZACHARY KEATLEY, Franklinville, 
Huntingdon county, Pa., was born at the vil- 
lage of Oak Hall, Centre county. Pa., August 
24, 1858. He was the son of Matthew G. and 
Rebecca (Lud-wig) Keatley. Mr. Keatlcy's 
grandfather was of Irish descent. He taught 
school, and for many years before his death 
was justice of the peace in Centre county. His 
wife was of Scotch descent. Matthew G. 
Keatley, father of Zachary Keatley, was born 
in Centre county Pa., in JSTovember, 1819. 
His childhood was spent in Centre county. 
When he was ten years old his parents died. 
He learned plastering and worked at that trade 
until 1849, when, in company with Mr. Ken- 
del, he started a woolen mill at Houserville, 
Centre county. This partnership continued 
for five years, when Mr. Keatley moved to 
Oak Hall, and rented Irving's woolen mill. 
Here he remained for five years, and then 
moved to Franklinville, and started a woolen 
mill on Sjiruce creek. He was a Republican, 
an acti\'c worker, eager for the success of his 
l)arty. Mr. Keatley was ambitious and en- 
ergetic, thoughtful for others, and ever ready 
to help those in distress. He died April 11, 

1885, and is buried in Franklinville cemetery. 
As a good business man, his loss was felt by 
the entire community. His wife died April 
7, 1887. Their children are: Edmund, em- 
pli )yee of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, 
at Altoona; Zachary, and Ida, wife of George 
B. White, of iSTewport, Perry county, Pa. 
When Zachary was four years old his parents 
moved to Franklin township, Huntingdon 
county. He attended the township schools un- 
til he was ten years old, when he entered his 
father's mill at Franklinville. He was so 
small that he was obliged to stand on a Plat- 
te irm. Working in all departments, he ac- 
quired a thorough knowledge of the business, 
and when his father died in the spring of 1885 
he took entire charge of the mill. In 1887 
his mother died, and he formed a partnership 
with his brother Edmund, which lasted until 
the spring ..f Issn, when tlu'v dosed the mill. 
Mr. K'.ail.v M.f np a ..i.lrr pivss in the build- 
ing, ami it lias lin-u used for tliat purpose ever 
since. In 1891 Mr. Keatley bought the home- 
stead property of 599 acres, with a house and 
barn. In May, 1892, he was appointed post- 
master of Franklinville, a position which he 
still holds. He has served as auditor and tax 
collector, and has been clerk of the townshi]:) 
for many years. In 1896 he was appiiiutcd 
nu'rcantile assessor for the year. 

Zachary Keatley was married in Juniata 
county, February, 1887, to ]^Iiss Hannah J. 
Hoke. Mrs. Keatley is a member of the Pres- 
byterian church; her husband practices the 
teachings of the Golden Rule. Their children 
are: Matthew G.; and Xellie Gertrude. 

GEORGE W. MATTERX. Franklinville, 
Huntingdon county. Pa., was born on the old 
Mattern homestead, ]\larch 15, 1810. He is 
the son of Jacob and Jane (Wareham) Mat- 
tern. George Mattern, grandfather of George 
W. Mattern, was married in Germany to 
Catharine Shook, and came to America about 
1732 or '33. For a short time he rented a farm 
in one of the eastern counties of Pennsylva- 
nia, Imt settled in Maryland, where his family 
lived until 1780. In 1^79 he bought 300 acres 
of wild land in Franklin township, Hunting- 
don (Mnnity, and sent three of his sons to build 
a log cabin, in which they lived for many 
ycai-s. In the next spring the family moved- 
to their ncAv home; their goods were carried 
in wagons, the familv walkine; beside them. 



Wlieu tlie deeds for Mr. ilattern's land were; 
made out at Harrisburg, that city was only 
a small village. The children of this couple 
were: George; Adam; John; Jacob; Elizabeth 
(Mrs. Freeman Curtis); David and Catharine, 
twins, Catharine married Andrew Trubey; 
Andrew; Abraham, who died in his twenty- 
fourth year in 1796; the headstone for his 
grave was carved from a large mountain rock. 
George Mattern was a member of the Lu- 
theran church. He died about 1812, at a ripe 
old age. His wife survived him several years, 
and died aged ninety. In Jime, 1895, their 
descendants, numbering about one thousand, 
held a reunion at Warriors Mark. A second 
meeting was appointed for June 24, 1897. 

Jacob Mattern, father of George W. Mat- 
tern, was born in Maryland. While he was 
quite young his parents moved to Huntingdon 
county; he remained at home with them, and 
helped to clear the land. He married Miss 
Jane Wareham, who died in 1814. He had 
eight children; those deceased are : Catharine 
(Mrs. Samuel Conrad); John W.; David B.; 
Jacob; Mary (Mrs. William Stevens), of In- 
diana county, Pa.; and Elias. The sur^-iving 
children are: George W. and Andrew, resid- 
ing in Huntingdon, Ind. Mr. Mattern's sec- 
ond wife was Elizabeth Markley, who died 
in 1829. Their children are: Elizabeth (Mrs. 
George Shoup), living in Ohio; Henry, died 
in Indiana; Sarah, widow of John B. Thomp- 
son, Altoona, Pa.; Matilda, 'wife of Major 
Alexander Bawb, Martinsburg, Pa., and Wil- 
liam, a Avealthy oil merchant, of Clarion coun- 
ty. Pa. Mr. Mattern's third wife was Cath- 
arine Fetterhoff. They had two children; 
one, Rebecca (Mrs. Samuel Miller), is dead; 
the other, Jeremiah O., resides in Blair coun- 
ty. Pa. He died at the homestead in 1852, 
aged eighty-two. 

George W. Mattern was educated in the 
schools of Franklin to^\iiship. For many 
years he attended the school held in the old 
George Amshutz stone mill; his teachers, 
many of them very severe, used the rod with- 
out stint. He gTew up on the farm and fre- 
quently indulged in hunting and fishing. The 
country abounded in game, deer, raccoons, 
wildcats and smaller animals. He was very 
successful, sometimes killing three deer in one 
day. Wolves were quite numerous, and often 
became so bold as to attack the cattle; at one 
time thev killed a calf iKdnnginc to ^Mr. :Mont- 

gomery, a near neighbor. Mr. Mattern's 
father was heavily in debt, and he, remaining 
on the home farm, helped to clear it of incum- 
brance. He worked the farm for his father 
by the month, from 1835 until his father's 
death, when he bought the homestead. In 
the autumn of 1873 Mr. Mattern retired from 
business and moved to Warriors Mark, where 
he has lived quietly for eighteen or nineteen 
years. ' He is very intelligent, a good talker, 
and has a wonderful memory, recalling many 
things tliat occurred when he was only five 
years old. Mr. !Mattern is a staunch Republi- 
can, always supporting the ticket. He cast 
his first vote in 1830, and has never missed 
an election. He has voted for sixteen presi- 
dents, and has been twenty times a delegate 
to county conventions. He served very ac- 
ceptably as county commissioner in 1857-58- 
59. Of all the comrades with whom he played 
on old Spruce creek, he alone survives. 

George W. Mattern was married in Frank- 
lin township, October, 1840, to Jane, daugh- 
ter of John and Elizabeth (Stewart) McPher- 
ren, of Franklin township. She was a Presby- 
terian, but Mr. Mattern being a Lutheran, af- 
ter her marriage she connected herself with 
that church. Mrs. ilattern was active in 
church work, interested in charities and highly 
esteemed in the community. She died in Au- 
gust, 1872, and is buried in the Lutheran cem- 
etery in Franklin toA\Tiship. Their children 
are: Albert J., merchant at Tyrone, married 
Miss Annie Garner, of Rock Springs, Pa.; 
Amanda, wife of William H. Flanner, of Ty- 
rone; and John S., married Miss Annie Pat- 

John S. Mattern was born May 18, 1849. 
He was educated in the schools of the town- 
ship. Brought up as a farmer's boy, he has 
never changed his occupation. Like his 
father, he is a Republican, and takes an active 
interest in politics. The children of John S. 
and his wife Annie Mattern are: Charlotte; 
George W.; Harriet X.; Samuel P.; J. Al- 
bert; Chester, deceased; Frank IL: and R. 

Huntingdon county. Pa., was born at Hunt- 
ingdon Furnace, April 24, 1861. He is the 
son of David and Susan (Kinch) Zentmyer. 
John Zentmyer, grandfather of Robert Zent- 
myer, was born in Franklin cnunty. Pa., near 



the Soiitli Moiintaius, uot far from Pen Mar, 
about 1S06. In 1S31 he went to Sin-ingfiekl 
Furnace, Blair county, where he remained 
for some time, after whicli he moved to SjDruce 
Creek valley to the farm now OAvned by the 
heirs of Robert L. Henderson. He then rented 
one of the farms of the Huntingdon Furnace 
Comisany, and in 1S6G bought a farm in Por- 
ter township, Huntingdon county, where he 
resided until his death. He was well known 
as Major Zentmyer, having held that rank in 
the State militia. He married Margaret 
Gates, of Blair county, who died about 1889. 
Mr. Zentmyer died in 1S91; he and his wife 
are buried in a small graveyard on the farm. 
Their children are: Isabella, wife of David 
Kinch, of Alt(Mi„a: David; Frank, enlisted in 
Company I, Fifth I'cnn-v l\-aiiia i;t-i i'\cs, was 
wounded at FriMlrrickslnirg, and died in Libby 
Prison; Priscilla, wife of E. C. Kinch, resides 
near Altoona; Porter, secretary and treasurer 
of the Clearfield Manufacturing Company; 
Miles, attorney in Schuyler, Xeb. ; Margaret, 
wife of David C. Stine, Belief onte. Pa. ; John 
AV., insurance solicitor, resides in Blair coun- 
ty; Bciijaniin, on the homestead; and George, 
who died young. 

David Zentmyer was born at Springfield 
Furnace, Blair county. His parents moved 
to a farm near Spruce Creek, in Huntingdon 
county, where he worked with his father, who 
was a jobber in hnnbering. In !May, 18(31, 
he enlisted in Company I, Fifth Pennsylva- 
nia Bescrves. This com]iany. kiidwn as the 
Scott Infantry, was one of the n],\ militia com- 
panies, organized before the war. They were 
mustered into service at Harrisburg and sent 
to the front in July, 1861. He enlisted as 
orderly sergeant, became second, then first 
lieutenant, and on the promotion of Captain 
Dare to colonel of the regiment, commanded 
the company for some time. At the time of 
his death he was adjutant of the regiment, 
with the rank of first lieutenant. He was in 
active service for eighteen months and took 
part in many battles. He was killed in the 
battle of Fredericksbiirg, December 13, 1862, 
and buried on the field. Mr. Zentmyer's 
widow is living in Frankliuville. 

Robert A. Zentmyer was an only child. His 
boyhood was spent on the farm; he attended 
the public school, and when he was eighteen 
entered Juniata College, graduating in the 
teachers' and business course in 18S2. For 

five years he was principal of the public schools 
of Curwensville and New Washington. In 
1887 he became assistant superintendent of 
the Britton Coal and Coke Company of Phila- 
delphia, in West Virginia, which position he 
held for a year and a half. Returning to 
Clearfield county, he located at Madera, and 
for four years was employed in surveying, 
mining engineering, and as a coal contractor. 
In 1893 he went to Huntingdon Furnace, as 
book-keeper and assistant manager of the 
Huntingdon Furnace estate. This position he 
held for a year and then took charge of a grist 
mill belonging to the estate. Two years later. 
May 15, 1896, he was again made assistant 
manager for the estate. Mr. Zentmyer's poli- 
tics are Republican. For thirteen years he 
has been a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, and takes a prominent part in all 
church work. 

SIDXEY A. KEEFER, Birmingham, 
Iluntingdon county. Pa., was born in War- 
rior's Mark township, Huntingtion cdunty, 
December 12, 1867. He is a son of Joseph 
and Rebecca (Chamberlain) Keefer. His 
father, Joseph Keefer, was born in Fulton 
county. Pa., 1829. His parents moved to 
Spruce Creek, where he was educated and 
learned wagon-making, at which he worked 
for some years. ]\Ir. Keefer was a member 
of the Democratic party; he never sought 
office. He married Rebecca Chamlierlain, of 
Warrior's ^lark township, and settled in 
Franklin township. He died in Warrior's 
Mark township in August, 189-1. :\rrs. 
Keefer is still living. Their children are: 
William W., who learned watchmaking, but 
now manufactures mineral water at Lancaster, 
Pa.; Francis, member of P. O. S. of A., and 
merchant in Ironsfield; Marv USlr?. John 
Riley), of Altoona, Pa.; Ella, wife ..f Dr. 
Fickes, of Tyrone; Sidney A.; Warren J., 
and Carl. 

Sidney A. Keefer received his edui-atinn 
in the ])ulilie schools of Eden Valley, Warriors 
Mark township. At the age of fourteen, he 
began to contribute towards the support of 
the family, commencing work at the ore 
banks as a mule driver for seventv-five cents 
a day. Tlis ability was rewarded by an ad- 
vance ti"! one dollar a day. After some years 
!Mr. Keefer turned his attention to contract- 
ina;, to loading cars, etc. He next went to 



work in a stone cinarrv, receiving seventy-five 
cents a clay tor tlic tirst month, eighty for the 
second, and afterwards one doUar and fifteen 
cents a day. At intervals he worked for 
farmers. When bridge No. 7 was being con- 
sti-iTcted, ]\Ir. Keefer was made night-watch- 
man. Just before the bridge was completed, 
in February, 1889, he was apjaointed super- 
intendent of the Keystone limestone quarry, 
which position he still holds. 

^IIC'HAEL H A:\rER, Tyrone. Pa., son of 
Closes and Elizabeth (Householder) Hamer, 
was b(]rn in Walker township, Huntingdon 
cunnty, April 23, 183C>. His paternal grand- 
father was burn in Ti'claiid, where be nuirried, 
and soon at'tir iiiiiMi-irccl t,. Ainciica. He 
settled in ]\lnrklesl.uv-. i'c-iiu tdwiisliip, where 
he farmed during the rest of his life ; he died 
aged about eighty. He was a soldier in the 
war of 1812. He and his wife both died 
in Marklesburg. Their children, all de- 
ceased, were as follows: Collins; Thomas; 
Solomon; Moses; Samuel. Moses Hamer was 
born, it is supposed, in Huntingdon county, 
where he was reared a farmer boy and grew 
U]i on his father's farm. He married, and 
settled in Walker township on a farm, which 
by hard work and industry became his own. 
He was an active worker in the Reformed 
church, in which he held office continually. 
He was favorably known and highly es- 
teemed for his many good qualities. He died 
in Walker township in 1888, at the age of 
eighty-seven; Mrs. Hamer died aged sixty- 
three. Their children are: Thomas, de- 
ceased, was a farmer in Walker township, 
married Elizabeth Grove, who is also de- 
ceased; ilartha (Mrs. James Watson), of 
Walker township; Mary (Isirs. Joseph Isen- 
bevL! ). of ^McConnellstown, Pa.; Michael; 
Pluses, a farmer in ]\rcConnellsto\v-r! ; John, 
a farmer in Walker township: Susan, de- 
ceased: I\Iargaret CMr?. John Peightel). died 
in Walker township; Elizalieth Qlrs. James 
Woods"), of Walker tnwushiii; and Samuel, 
who died in youth. 

]Michael Hamer M-as educated in the ]iublic 
schools of his native place. During vacations, 
he worked on the farm, and when he was 
twenty years old he went to learn the business 
of milling with his uncle. Solomon Hamer, 
at ^fe.Mevys Fort, Huntingdon county. He 
served three years, receiving on an avevaii'e 

.$l.j a month, which sum did not enable 
him to save much. At the end of his appren- 
ticeship, he rented of Colonel Worden a mill 
in Walker township, which he operated for 
five years; he then went to Tipton, Blair 
county, where he rented a mill of William 
Dysert for one year; then to Bald Eagle 
Furnace, Blair county, for four years. Dur- 
ing the four years' milling at the last named 
place, he cleared over $8,000. He then re- 
moved to Huntingdon Furnace for three 
years; then to Huntingdon, where he lived 
a retired life for three years. Thus thor- 
oughly recuperated, he came to TjTone, and 
bought the steam flouring mill, which he ran 
successfully for four years, then sold oiit and 
in 1877 bought what was known as the Logan 
Spring floTiring mill, which name he changed 
to the Minneapolis flour mill; and this prop- 
erty he has owned ever since. Mr. Hamer is 
a staunch Eepublican. During his twenty- 
five years' residence in Tyrone he served as 
councilman for many terms. He removed 
to Warriors ilark township in the spring of 

iKchael Hamer was married in Walker 
township in 1857, to Elizabeth, daiighter of 
John and Elizabeth (Mason) N"orris. Their 
children are: John, married Miss Owens, is 
in the electric light and telephone business; 
and Lydia (Mrs. James Morrow), of Wells- 
ville, X. T. Mr. Hamer is a member of the 
Presbyterian church at Tyrone, of which he 
has been a deacon for a quarter of a century. 
He is hi^'hlv esteemed for his manv virtues. 

DAXIEL GRAZIER, deceased, of War- 
riors Mark, Fluntingdou county. Pa., son of 
Michael and "JFary (Beck) Grazier, was bonr 
March .31, 1820. on the farm on which he re- 
sided all his life. His grandfather, Joseph 
Grazier, was born in (icrraany and came to 
this country in 1787. The circmustances of 
his leaving his native land were as follows: 
Being very fond of hunting he had ever re- 
garded the game laws of his country as un- 
just, and one day while in the mountains, he 
saw a fine deer, which he shot at and killed. 
This fact becoming known, he was to suffer 
banishment, but he resolved to come to 
America instead. The family landed pre- 
sumably at Xew York, and made their way 
to Huntingdon county, settling on a large 
tract of land in Warriors ;Mark township. 



which they at uiu-c pr.HTeded to clear. But 
while this wm'k \\j> iz.iini;' on, sad to relate, 
the father was killed iiy the falling of a tree. 
Some years later, the tract was divided into 
hve farms, each of the five sons settling on a 
farm. Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Grazier are 
buried in the old cemetery in Warriors Mark. 
Their children were: Michael; John, died in 
Warriors Mark township; Peter, deceased; 
Henry, deceased; JS^icholas; and twin girls, 
Christina and Elizabeth, the former married 
to A'incent Stevens, and the latter to Mr. Beck. 
Four of the brothers married four sisters of 
Vincent Stevens. 

Michael Grazier was boni in Germany in 
1783, and was only four years old when his 
parents brought him to America. He settled 
on one of the farms left by his father, and 
afterwards bought the one belonging to his 
brother Nicholas, who went "West, and settled 
on the banks of the Ohio river, where he died. 
j\[rs. Michael Grazier was Miss Mary Beck. 
Her husband was a member of the Lutheran 
chiu-ch and she was a Dunkard. For a long 
time the Dunkards held meetings at their 
home, and she would often prepare a bounti- 
ful dinner for all at the end of the service. 
They had the followina' children: Catharine, 
born December 3, 3snt;, marricil Jacob Xear- 
hoof, deceased, of W'an'iurs Mark township, 
and has been blessed with such health and 
strength that in her ninety-first year she still 
does her own work ; Christina, born October 
20, 1808, married Henry Kreider, both de- 
ceased; Mary, born February 22, 1811, died 
in infancy; Elizabeth, born October 7, 1813, 
mart'ied Andrew Green, both now deceased, 
was the mother of eight children, only one of 
whom she ever saw, having become blind at 
the birth of her first child; Joseph B., de- 
ceased, was born August 17, 1815, was a 
farmer, and married Mary Webb; Xancy, 
born January 17, 1818, married James Bell, 
both deceased; Daniel; Samuel, born Novem- 
ber 17, 1822, farmer in Warriors Mark town- 
ship, married Caroline Madara; Susanna, de- 
ceased, born May 20, 1825, married Caleb 
Guyer, who imw lives in Tyrone; Jeremiah, 
born August :il. 1S2S!, died in Wavriovs 
Mark townslii]), man-icil ( 'atliariiic :\Iillcr, 
who survives liini. .Mr. au<l .Mis, Michael 
Grazier both died on the farm, the father in 

ISSO, and the mother July 27, 1841, aged 
fifty years, six months and twenty-seven days. 
They are buried in the family cemetery. 

Daniel Grazier had few oi^portuuities for 
an education when young, his service being 
needed on the farm, so that if he could go 
to school one day in a week he was fortunate. 
In those days wheat was threshed on the baru 
floor, and rye was threshed with what was 
called a "poverty jiole;" of course such prim- 
itive methods demanded the services of many 
hands. He grew up on the homestead farm. 
Standing at the door of their home in those 
early days he many a time saw four or five 
deer gamboling on the hillside, but he was not 
inclined to hunt. On September 14, 1848, 
he was married in Ferguson township. Centre 
county, to Klizahrth iiider, daughter of 
Michael and Barbara ( Krider) Rider. After 
their marriage they went to housekeeping on 
the old farm, where, the mother having died, 
the youug wife kept house for all. Following 
the death of the father in 1850, the property 
was appraised, Daniel and his brother taking- 
it at the appraisement, and later the former 
bought his brother's interest in the farm, 
which now consists of 120 acres of arable land 
and 180 acres of woodland. He erected his 
jiresent house, and has made other improve- 
ments. Mrs. Grazier died in May, 1883, in 
the sLxty-first year of her age. She was a 
devout Christian, a member of the Methodist 
church at Warriors ]\Iark, always taking the 
greatest interest in church affairs; a member 
who was dearly beloved by all. She is buried 
in the family cemetery in Warriors ilark. 
]\Ir. Grazier was also a member of the Meth- 
odist chmvh, has held the otfice of trustee, 
and was a class leader for many years. Some 
time previous to building a church, the ileth- 
odist congregation held protracted meetings 
in his barn. The children of this family 
Avere: Frances, married Rev. M. C. Piper, 
resides in ^Mercer county. Pa.; Catharine 
(Airs. ( '. W. Keef), of Council Grove, Kas., 
whither they went in 1885; Mary E., wife 
of Rev. J. R. Baker, died in Council Grove, 
Kas.; Jennie B. (ilrs. ilcLellan Geist). re- 
sides on the homestead; and Emma li. (Airs. 
.1. P.. Henderson), nf Warvinrs Mark. ^Ir. 
(ira/.ier was a Denmcrat all his life, but fa- Pn.hibitinu. He died April 27. 1S!I7. 



.lOIlX J-;VKi;. Wan-iurs .Mark, lluntino- 
tkm i-ounty, Pa., s(jn of John and Susan 
(flyers) Eyer, was born in AVan-iors !Mai-k, 
September 26, 1S33. His graudfatlier, 
Christian Eyer, was a native of Lancaster 
ooimty. Pa., where he was for many years a 
miller. He married, and with his family 
came to Huntingdon county, settling in War- 
riors Mark township, where he died in Feb- 
ruary, 1846, at the age of eighty-two, his ^vife 
having preceded him to the grave by a few 
years. They had these children: Jacob, died 
in Centre county. Pa.; Mrs. Mong, died in 
Clarion county. Pa.; Xancy, married Mr. 
Rider, and removed to Iowa, where she died; 
John; Elizabeth (Mrs. John Ellenberger), 
<lied in Spruce Creek, Huntingdon county; 
and Samuel, went West in the sirring of 1859, 
and now resides in Colorado. He is eighty- 
four years old, but hale and hearty. On his 
eighty-second birthday lie was picking huckle- 
berries on the mountain; thus lightly lias time 
dealt with him. 

John Ever was born in Lancaster county, 
and was ten years old when his parents came 
to Warriors Mark, and took up their residence 
on a large tract of land. The country was 
in a very ■«'ild state at the time, and plain 
living was the rule everywhere. Reared on 
the farm, he continued to be a farmer all his 
life. He married Susan Myers in Wan-iors 
^fark, where they both died, Mr. Ever in 
1870, at the age of seventy years, and his 
wife in July. 1883, aged seventy-eight. Mr. 
Ever met his death very suddenly. While 
driving through the streets of T\Tone, his 
horse took fright at a flying piece of paper 
and ran away, throwing him out and killing 
him almost instantly. His body is buried in 
a small cemetery on the old homestead. Their 
children were: Daniel, died March 24, 1897; 
Annie, widow of Henry White, resides in 
Bellefonte, Pa.: John; Jeremiah, who has 
served as supervisor for fifteen years, married, 
first. Jane Grazier and afterwards Frances 
Taylor: David, farmer on the old homestead, 
married Mary A. Dixon; Christian, resides 
on the homestead; Amanda Olrs. Henry 
Jlyers), of Wamors [Nfark township; ilary 
Jane, married Rev. Joseph X. McClay, resides 
in Favette county, Pa. 

John Eyer, Jr.. atteudcl b,,tli the sub^criji- 
tion and the public sclionls. Tr(^ workcil on 
the farm until he was nineteen, then worked 

at carpentering for two or three years, but 
afterwards resumed farming. He was mar- 
ried January 31, 1856, in AVarriors Mark, to 
Eliza Ann Myers, born in Shirley township, 
Huntingdon county, in 1837. She was the 
daughter of Grobel Myers, a Dunkard 
lireacher, and ilagdalena (Weidley) Myers. 
After his marriage Mr. Eyer farmed by the 
month in Tyrone township, Blair county, for 
two years and then returned to Wai'riors 
^Mark on account of the tyranny of the iron- 
masters, for whom he worked in Tyrone town- 
ship. He settled on 80 acres, where after 
clearing the land, he built a house and barn; 
here he resided for nine years, but on account 
of a lack of educational advantages he sold out 
and removed to Tyrone tOAvnship; three years 
later he bought his present place of 120 acres. 
He has made great improvements on his place, 
among them being the erection of a new barn, 
and extensive repairs to the dwelling. !Mrs. 
Ever died Aj^ril 23, 1894. She had been a 
most jjatient, uncomplaining sufferer for many 
years, bearing without a murmur the agonies 
of that terrible disease, cancer, fourteen tu- 
mors being taken from her body. She was 
most highly esteemed by all for her unfailing 
kindness, sociability, and Christian charity. 
She is buried in the Dunkard cemetery at 
Cross Roads. They had these children: 
Lewis M., a grocer at Tyi-one, married Laura 
Woomer; Harry, married to Annie Bible, 
went to the state of Washington, where he 
now resides; Howard, a machinist at Tyrone, 
married Letitia Minnick; Laura, married Dr. 
Markle, of T-STone, and died in the fall of 
1889; Leah A, married Adam Frye, a drug- 
gist of Davis, Stevenson county, 111.; Clara, 
married Calvin Garland, resides in Pittsburg, 
Pa.; Harriet, at home; Edgar C, married 
Edith K. AVertz. of AVarriors !Mark town- 
ship; AA^lbur C, married Mary J. McFar- 
land; Gertrude M.. at home; Ellis G.. 
a pupil at Xormal School in Huntingdon; 
Roxie Belle, died at the age of eighteen ; and 
John Blaine, at home. 

^Ir. Eyer is a staunch Republican. He has 
served as supeiwisor and as school director. 
He is a member of the Dunkard church and 
has been a deacon for fifteen vears. 

:\rTLES BECK. Tyrone. ITuntingdon 
•oiinty. Pa., was born June ?0. 1847. on the 
farm which ho now owns. He is the son of 

iiryriXGDox, mifflix, jfxiata axd perry couxties. 


David and Esther (Funk) Beck. David Beck 
was born in Warriors Mark township in 1802, 
and spent all his life there; he inhei'ited the 
old homestead from his gi-andfather, and lived 
there until his death. He was a Republican, 
and a man of fine qualities, much esteemed. 
During the latter part of his life, he passed 
a gTcat part of his time in hunting. His death 
occurred in 187-4. Mrs. Beck survived her 
husband until August 6, 1882; she was a 
member of the Dunkard church. Their chil- 
dren are: Mahlon, who went to Missouri 
about 1856, and in 1896 sold his property 
there and removed to Bourbon county, Kas. ; 
was twice married, but is now a widower; Li- 
vina (Mrs. Henry Spanogle), of Phillipsburg, 
Pa. ; Martin, farmer in Warriors Mark town- 
ship; Sarah Jane (Mrs. John Krider), of 
Warriors Mark township; Miles; Mary Ellen 
(Mrs. John Ellenberger), of Centre county. 
Pa., and Lloyd. 

ililes Beck enjoyed but little opportunity 
for an education ; the schools were in a primi- 
tive state, goose quill pens and other crude ap- 
pliances being in vogue. Being early set to 
work, even these slender advantages were not 
his for long. Mr. Beck remained at home 
until the spring of 1876, when he paid his 
brother Mahlon a visii in Grundy county, Mo. 
He remained there for six weeks, and then 
went to Hlinois to visit John Bratton, an old 
resident of Warriors Mark township, with 
whom he remained for seven weeks, and then 
obtained work at putting up hay racks in 
barns. He returned to his home in Septem- 
ber, 1876, and has lived there since; only go- 
ing back to Illinois for his bride. 

Miles Beck was married December 20, 

1877, in Lee county, 111., to Nancy Buck, 
daughter of John and Matilda (Xorman) 
Buck. IMrs. Beck was born in Franklin 
Grove, Lee county. 111., January 3, 18.58; Imt 
her parents were both natives of Pennsyha- 
nia. Xlv. and Mrs. Beck began housekeeping 
on a part of the old homestead in Huntingdon 
county, consisting of 100 acres. They have 
Iniilt a substantial and comfortable home, and 
made other improvements since their resi- 
dence there. Mr. Beck is a Republican, and 
takes an active part in politics. Their chil- 
dren are: Gertie May, bom ISTovembcr 11, 

1878, was killed by the kick of a horse, at the 
age of four years; twins, deceased; Le Rov, 
born June 30, 1881; Vinna H., born Julv 10, 

1881; Zula Maud, born September 8, 1885; 
Edith Esther Matilda, born Febiiiarv 15, 
1888; Claire H., bora May 29, 1892. " Mrs. 
Beck is an active memlier of the Dunkard 

MxVRTIN L. BECK, Warriors ilark, 
Huntingdon county, Pa., was born K\>v\\ 24, 
1839, on the old family estate, son of David 
and Esther (Funk) Beck. David Beck was 
a farmer of Warriors ]\[ark township, highly 
esteemed. Martin L. Beck attended the pub- 
lic schools of his native township during the 
winter months, and worked on the home farm 
in the summer. When the war broke out, 
he enlisted in August, 1862, in Company B, 
Thirteenth Pennsylvania Cavalry, at Camp 
j\Ieeting, at One Hundred Springs, Warriors 
Mark township, under Major G. F. McCabe. 
After enlistment, he proceeded with his regi- 
ment to Harrisburg, and thence to Washing- 
ton, where they lay for a short time, awaiting 
equipments. They next proceeded to Ro- 
pers Dam, and soon after took part in the 
battle of the Wildcriii>>, of TTatchei-s Run, 
South Railroad, ncai- I'cicr-lnirt;'. Travillas 
Station, and many skirmislics licsides. When 
Lee entered Pennsylvania, this regiment was 
ordered to Washington, where the men were 
furnished ^vith fresh horses and sent in pursuit 
of that general. Mr. Beck was for a short 
time Tinder Sheridan. He fought in the bat- 
tle of St. Marys. This regiment then joined 
Sherman at Raleigh, N. C; their last fight 
was with Johnston at Durham Station. Mr. 
Beck was mustered out at Raleigh, JST. C, late 
in Xcn-ember, 1865; he was discharged in 
Philadelphia, and resumed the peaceful occu- 
pation of farming with his father. Mr, Beck 
is a Republican ; he takes an interest in all the 
topics of the day. He has served the town- 
ship as auditor for several terms. 

^lartin L. Beck was married January 3, 
1871, to ]\rary E., daughter of Isaac and Ly- 
dia (Kricder) Buck. They settled on land 
owned by bis father, cleared and improved it, 
imd built a fine house. Their children are: 
r.crtha F., wife of Porter vScott; Laura A.; 
('ai'ric I.; (irace S.; Clnrence E.; and 
Zada A. 

J. H. ]\rATTERX, merchant, AVarriors 
^Lark, Huntingdon county, was born March 
19, 184(!, near Franklinville, on a farm now 



o\vuecl by ilr. Tbouipson, son of Jacob S. 
Matteru aud Susau (^Fetterlioof) Matteru. 
His gTandfather, George Mattern, was born 
in Maryland. His father, Jacob S. Mattern, 
was born in Franklin township, Huntingdon 
covmty, October 25, 181 1. grew up on the 
farm and learned carpentry. Before mar- 
riage he was principally engaged in farming, 
but after marriage he was often emi^loyed by 
turnpike companies to lay out pikes. He died 
in 1851 on the farm on which he was born. 
His wife some years later married again to 
Eichard Wills and died in 1890, in Warriors 
Mark, Pa. She was Miss Susan, daughter of 
George and Catharine (Gensimorc) Fetter- 
hoof. Mr. Fetterhoof, her father, who was 
at one time engaged in hauling pig-iron to 
Pittsburg, was attacked by small-pox on one 
of his trips, and died on the way. The chil- 
dren of Mr. and Mrs. Mattern were : Harriet 
(Mrs. Zacharias Lower), of Warriors Mark; 
John F., retired farmer. Warriors Mark; Ad- 
eline (Mrs. W. C. Patterson), of State Col- 
lege; J. H. ; Eliza, deceased wife of C. H. 
York; and Amelia (Mrs. George S. Gray), of 
Centre county. Mr. aud Mrs. Wills had 
three children, all now deceased. 

J. H. Mattern lost his father when only 
five years of age. He had attended the public 
schools a few years when his mother married 
Mr. Wills and removed to Warriors Mark. 
At the age of eleven he began to work on 
John Gensimore's farm for his board and 
clothes, attending school during the winter 
months. After staying here six years he 
farmed near Academia, Tuscarora valley, for 
six months, then went to school at Pine* Grove 
Mills, Centre county, for one year. The 
following year he taught school in Franklin 
township, and in the ensuing summer, a sub- 
scription school at Huntingdon Furnace. The 
next winter he taught in Warriors Mark 
township. At the close of this term, he 
embarked in the mercantile business with 
John I. Patterson at Yellow Springs, Blair 
county. A year later he sold his interest to 
T. C. Waite, and with his bi-other bought out 
the store of Capt. William P. Dale, at State 
College, Centre county. After two years 
they took into partnership their brother-in- 
law, W. C. Patterson, now superintendent of 
State College farms. In the same spring J. 
H. Mattern moved to Warriors Mark \ni\\ 
his family, whore he and his brother bought 

property, leaving their brother-in-law in 
charge at State College. Having bought the 
present site, J. H. ]\Iattern efe Bro. tore down 
the old building, and erected a new one. J. 
H. Slattern tir Bro. having been asso- 
ciated together a number of years, Samuel 
Gray bought the interest of J. F. Mattern 
and continued the business with J. H. Mat- 
tern until 1872. During this time, Mattern 
& Gray bought a store at ^loshannon ilines, 
Clearfield county, but sold out dm-ing the 
panic of 1873. Mr. Gray and J. H. Mattern 
had been together two years, when Mr. Gray 
sold back to J . H. Slattern ; some years after, 
Mr. J. H. Mattern bougl ■■ him out again and 
has continued the businet ; in his own name 
ever since. He has been in mercantile busi- 
ness for thirty years, in Warriors Mark for 
twenty-seven years. In the summer of 1894 
he built his present beautiful residence. 

On March 19, 1868, he married Mary, 
daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth (Keith) 
Waite. They have two children; Hayes W., 
born April 26, 1869, a graduate of State Col- 
lege, now a civil engineer on the Gettysburg 
Battlefield Corps; and Frank K., born in 
January, 1872, a graduate of State College, 
now a mechanical engineer in the draughting 
department with the Pennsylvania Steel Com- 
pany. !Mr. Mattern owns real estate near the 
store, and is a director of the First iSTational 
Bank at Tyrone. He is an ardent follower 
of the Kepublican party, and an active mem- 
ber of the ilethodist church, having been su- 
perintendent of the Sunday-school and class 
leader for the last seventeen years. 

DAjSHEL CHAMBERLAHS^, postmaster, 
AVarriors Mark, Huntingdon county, was 
born March 20, 1842, in" Spruce Creek val- 
ley, Huntingdon county, son of James and 
Susan (Ginter) Chamberlain. The Chamber- 
lains came to America from Holland, but 
were originally of English extraction. Dan- 
iel Chamberlain's great-grandfather, Jacob 
Chamberlain, a native of Bedford county, 
was parted from his parents during the Rev- 
olutionary war. His father was a Tory, while 
Jacob cast his lot with the revolutionists, for 
which he was disinherited by his father. All 
through the war he fought, attaining the rank 
of captain, and receiving a woiind in the hip. 
After the war he married and settled in Bed- 
ford countv, where he erected a crist-mill and 



T. ( 

, istfu of Jacob S. 
.ri.,K,t') Mattern. 
u, was bonv 
S. Mattern, 
' 'iugdon 
11 the 
■\ niar- 
uj farming, 
t uiployed by 
- j^'ikes. He died 
111 on which he was boi'ii. 
ii's kter married again to 
(lied in 1S!K), in Warriors 
■- IMiss Susan, daughter of 
iLariue (Gensimovc) Fetter- 
; '(.'tterhoof, her father, who was 
engaged in liauling pig-irou to 
.'US attacked by sniall-pox on one 
^, ond died on the way. The chil- 
1-. and Mrs. ]\Iattern wei-e: Harriet 
■ ^ iwer), of Wamors Mark; 
liier, Warriors Mark ; Ad- 
Patterson), of State Col- 
!. defeased wife of C. H. 
i Mrs. (George S. Gray), of 
\\x. and Mrs. Wills had 
11, ail now deceased, 
(tern lost his father when only 
•I age. He had attended the public 
ew years when his mother married 
and removed to Warrioi'S Mark. 
of eleven he began to work on 
'move's farm for his board and 
nding scliool during the winter 
vfter staying liere six years he 
-ioademia, Tniscarora valley, for 
lieu went to school at Pine" Grove 
lA county, iox one year. The 
ir he taught school in Franklin 
' I iiiug summer, a sub- 
■ juon Fm'nace. The 
m Warriors Mark 
■ L'lose of this term, he 
mercantile business with 
:'■ \ f'\]o\K Springs, Blair 
■ ' sold his interest to 
- l^rother bought our 
hi P. Dale, at State 
After two years 
i'ip their brother-in- 
i';.i^ . ,.•■ now superintendent of 
at' farm-t. Fn the same spring J. 
II moved to Warriors Mark with 
, where lie and bis brother bouelit 

propeily, leaving their brother-in-law in 
charge at State College. Having bought the 
present site, J. H. Mattern it Bro. tore down 
the old building, and erected a new one. J. 
H. Mattern <fe Bro. having been -asso- 
f'iatod together a nxmiber of years, Sanniel 
Gray bought the interest of J. F. Mattern 
and continued the 'business with J. H. Mat- 
tern until 1872. Dimug this lime, Mattern 
& Gray bought a store at Moshauuon Mines, 
Clearfield county, but sold out during the 
panic of 1873. Mr. Gray and J. H. Mattern 
had been together two years, wdien Mr. Gray 
sold l)ack to J . H. Mattern ; some years after, 
Mr. J. H. Mattern bougl ithim out again and 
has continued -*he businefc ♦ in his own name 
ever since. He has 1 een in mercantile busi- 
ness for thirty years, in Wan'iors Mark for 
twenty-seven years. In the summer of 1894 
he built I)is present lieantiful residence. 

On Mar' " ■-'^ he married Mary, 

daughter ■ i Elizabeth (Keith) 

Wr-.'*!^. ''■ : ■I'h-on; H-ayes W.'. 

nf State Col- 

■ Gettysburg 

IC, born in 

Jamiai.v, ' <■ uf State College, 

now a nieci i in the draughting 


Ml lollower 

active mem- 

■•ling been su- 

Siuiday -school and class 

•venteen years. 

. .\[BERLAIX, postmaster, 
Huntingdon county, was 
- 1-2, in Spruce Creek val- 
'iinty. son of James auci, 
I'l rlain. The Chamber- 
t'rom Holland, but 
ii extraction. Dan- 
grandfather, Jacob 
if Bedford county, 
iits during the Eev- 
' - r.i titer was a Tory, while 
ith tlie revolutionists, for 
iierited by his father. All 
I lie fought, attaining the rank 
of captain, and receiving a wound in the hi]^ 
After the war he married and settled in Bed- 
ford eounty. where he erected a grist-mill and 






continued iiiilliiig until liis death iu 1819, at 
tiie age of sixty-tkree. In his later years he 
was a cripple, because of the wound received 
in the service. His sou, Eli Chamberlain, 
was born in Bedford county, and there was 
engaged in general work. He died in 1813, 
leaving a widow, Susan (Smouse) Chamber- 
lain, who was again married to David Martis, 
by whom she had several children. The chil- 
dren of Mr. and Mrs. Eli Chamberlain were: 
John, who died in Baltimore in 1892; Henry, 
deceased, accidentally shot in Texas; Re- 
becca, deceased; Christiana (Mrs. William 
Ryan), who with her husband settled in Texas 
in 1827, where Mr. Ryan was killed by In- 
dians; and James. Mr. Martis, second hus- 
band of Mrs. Chamberlain, died in Indiana 
county, after which she resided with her son, 
James, until her death at the age of eighty- 

James Chamberlain, son of Eli and Susan 
Chamberlain, was born March 17, ISll, in 
Bedford county, four miles from Bloody Run, 
now Everett. His father died when he was 
but two years old, leaving iive children, who 
were all bound out. He grew up at the home 
of his grandfather, Jacob Chamberlain. When 
he was eight years old his grandfather died, 
and he remained with his grandmother imtil 
he was sixteen, Avhen he started out for him- 
self. He boTmd himself for three years to a 
man named Joseph Gates to work at the 
forge, but left at the end of eighteen months, 
thinking he understood the trade well enough 
to work as a journeyman. He was in the busi- 
ness in Blair county for nineteen years, work- 
ing for the first four years at Eranklin Forge. 
There, in 1831, he married Susan, daughter of 
Conrad Ginter. In 1S43 he moved with his 
family to Warriors Mark, opened a hotel at 
the Warriors ^Mark Exchange, and has re- 
mained there ever since. His children are: 
Harry, at home and aged sixty-three; Eliza- 
beth, widow of Jacob I. Keefer, of Altoona, 
Pa.; Rebecca Jane, widow of Joseph J. 
Keefer, of Warriors Mark township; Daniel; 
Susan (Mrs. Daniel Fetterhoof), of Spruce 
Creek; Catharine (Mrs. William States), re- 
siding in niinois; Margaret (Mrs. George 
Fetterhoof), of Spruce Creek; James and 
John, twins, who died young; Adeline C. 
(]\[rs. Justice Stahn), of Baltimore, Md.; and 
Faimy filrs. David Funk), of Warriors 
ilark. ]\rr. Chamberlain is a firm Democrat; 

he cast his first vote for Andrew Jackson, and 
has cast a vote in every presidential contest 
since that time. He is a member of the 
Lutheran church. 

Daniel Chamberlain was educated in the 
public schools of Warriors Mark, to which 
place his jjarents removed when he was one 
year old. He remained at home until 1861; 
on May 29, 1861, he enlisted for three years 
in Company I, Fifth Pennsylvania Reserve, 
and went to the front. He took part in the 
battles of Mechanicsville, Cold Harlior, 
Charles City Cross Roads, Gettysbui-g, Fred- 
ericksburg, the Wilderness, Spottsylvania, 
and Bethesda Church. He was not engaged 
in the battles of South Mountain and Antie- 
tara on account of sickness. At Harrisburg, 
June 11, 1864, he received his discharge and 
returned home. 

In 1867, Daniel Chamberlain married Miss 
Elizal)eth, daughter of David (iroodman. 
Their children are: W. Henry, employed by 
the American Telephone and Telegraph Com- 
pany, of Illinois; John, a plumber and gas- 
fitter in Altoona; Blanche E. (Mrs. C." C. 
Mong), of Warriors Mark; and Lottie J., at 
home. Ever since his marriage he has re- 
sided in Warriors ifark, doing general work. 
In the fall of 1893 he was appointed post- 
master at Warriors Mark. Like his father, 
he is a Democrat, ardent and true, and is al- 
ways found ready to advance the best interests 
of his party. 

DAVID S. CUN^^ING, Morris township, 
Huntingdon county. Pa., son of Thomas and 
Catharine (Stewart) Cunning, was born 
March 19, 1851, on the farm on which he now 
resides. His gramlfatlior, John Cunning, was 
a native of rcmi-yhania, who is supposed to 
have left tlii- Stare and gone to Ohio soon 
after his marriage to Martha Fergus, a native 
of Scotland. They settled on the Indian Res- 
er-^-ation, and while living there had four 
children: Eliza; Thomas; John; and James. 
After the husband's death in 1814 or 1815, 
j\Irs. Cunning returned to Pennsylvania with 
Thomas, her only living cliild, and spent the 
rest of her life among her brothers and sisters 
in ]\forris to^raship (afterwards Catharine 
to\TOship), Blair county. She lived to an ad- 
vanced age, dying shortly before her 
eightieth milestone was reached. Thomas 
Cunning, father of David, was educated in the 



public schools and was all his life a farmer. 
For several years he lived on rented farms, 
but after his marriage to Catharine Stewart, 
he purchased the homestead farm on which he 
ever afterwards resided. Their children were : 
Martha, who died young; David S.; and 
James, who also died early. The father and 
mother were devout members of the Presby- 
terian church, the father filling worthily the 
office of elder for many years. Honest, frugal 
and industrious, they were highly esteemed 
by a large circle of friends and neighbors. 
The father died in 1894, and is buried at 
Williamsburg, Pa. The mother preceded 
him by thirteen or fourteen years. 

David S. Cunning was educated in the pub- 
Uc schools of his native township, and in those 
of Catharine township, Blair county. At the 
age of thirteen he began working for his 
father on the farm and continued to render 
him service until his marriage to Louisa, a 
daughter of Hugh Dunn, of Blair county. 
Soon after this he took up his residence on 
his uncle's farm in Catharine townshijD, where 
he lived for eight years. At the end of this 
time he moved to the home farm with his 
father, which since the death of the latter he 
now owns. Their children now li^ang are: 
David Stewart; Bertha C-; and Thomas C. 
Mr. Cunning is an ardent Republican, and 
has been school director several terms. 

DANIEL KELLER, Water Street, Hunt- 
ingdon county. Pa., son of Jacob and Sarah 
(Myers) Keller, was born on the farm on 
which he now lives, December 23, 1830. The 
place was originally settled in 1800 by the 
grandfather, Michael Keller, a native of 
Berks county. Pa. There were five brothers 
in the Keller family; and in the course of 
time each left the parent roof to make a home 
for himself; one went to Virginia, two settled 
near York, and the remaining two came to 
Huntingdon county, one of whom was 
Michael. Beginning with only sixty-two 
acres, he, with peculiar thrift and energy, suc- 
ceeded in adding to this tract very materially 
before many years had gone by. He died on 
his farm prior to 1830, his \\4fe surviving him 
some years. Jacob, son of Michael Keller, 
was born in 1800 on his father's farm where 
he grew to manhood. He was educated in the 
common sehools, and early learned earpeutrv. 

He worked at his trade for the gi-eater jjart 
of his life; his skillful workmanship is mani- 
fested by the many substantial and well-built 
houses in the surrounding country. After 
his retirement from business, he built for him- 
self a very comfortable house on the home 
farm, and here, in February, 1876, he died. 
On August IS, 1821, he married Sarah Myers, 
born in Huntingdon county, Pa., in 1799. 
She died in February, 1883. They had five 
children: Mary A. (Mrs. Tobias Foreman), 
deceased; Abraham, Morris township; Eliza- 
beth (Mrs. Levi Stalil), of Tyrone Pa.; 
Daniel; and Catharine (Mrs. John D. Au- 
randt), deceased. 

Daniel Keller was educated in the subscrip- 
tion school in summer and in the public 
schools in winter. Although at times afiected 
by rather indifferent health, his progress on 
the whole was good, and so great was his de- 
sire for knowledge that he attended one term 
after his eighteenth year. He was very fond 
of out-door sports and a good part of liis lei- 
sure time was given to exciting but healthful 
recreation. At the age of thirteen he went to 
learn the blacksmith trade at the iron works 
of Alfred A. Spang, in Morris, now Catharine 
township, Blair county. After serving two 
years as apprentice he became journeyman at 
the iron works of the Martha Furnace, in 
Clarion county, with which company he re- 
mained one year. He then went to Clearfield 
county, where he carried on a blacksmith shop 
for two years, then disposed of it and went 
home for a short time. He next started for 
the West, working at his trade during the 
vdnter and traveling for pleasure during the 
summer. He was gone about a year and 
touched different points in Ohio, Indiana, 
Illinois, ]\Iichigan, Iowa, ilissouri, Kentucky, 
and Virginia. Returning home he remained 
for some months, engaged in various occupa- 
tions. Lie then opened a shop at Yellow 
Springs, Blair county, and continued it for 
five years -with much success. In 1861 he 
settled on the homestead farm, one-third of 
which had been willed to him by his uncles; 
the remaining two-thirds he acquired by pur- 
chase. ]\rr. Keller is unmarried. He is a 
Republican, staunch and true, formerly an 
active worker for the party. He has been 
school director and supervisor for many years. 
He has ever been a credit to his family and a 
useful member of the communitv. 



Hnutiugdon county, Pa., son of Samuel and 
Kebecca (AVood) Sprankle, was bom in Ty- 
rone township, Blair county. Pa., November 
6, 1832. Samuel Sprankle was born in 1800, 
on the old homestead on which George W. now 
resides. He was educated in the common 
.schools and made farming his life work. Af- 
ter his marriage he settled in Blair county, 
remained there for a short time, then rented 
in Porter township, and liually bought a farm 
of 113 acres near Hatfield's Mill, Porter town- 
ship, residing there until his death, which oc- 
cun-ed in the spring of 1870, at the age of 
seventy. His wife survived him for several 
years. Both are interred at Alexandria. They 
were consistent members of the Reformed 
church. Samuel Sprankle was a Republican. 
He was highly esteemed by all who knew him. 
Their children are : Jacob, died in Belief onte. 
Pa., in 1890; Susan (Mrs. Henry Briden- 
baugh), of Martiusburg, Pa.; "William, died 
at Shavers Creek, Huntingdon county, 1893; 
George W. ; Samuel, retired, Tyrone, Pa. ; Pe- 
ter, a bachelor at xVlexandria, Huntingdon 
county; Frances (Mi-s. Harry Xeff), Alex- 
andria; Lavinia (Mrs. Benjamin Briden- 
taugh), deceased ; Ann (Mrs. Andrew Grove), 
of Alexandria; Rachel (Mrs. James Mc- 
Devitt), Los Angeles, Cal., and Charlotte. 

George W. Sprankle was but an infant 
when his parents removed to Porter township, 
Huntingdon county, where he attended school. 
He was not fond of studying, prefen-ing to 
work on the farm. He remained at home until 
lie was twenty-five; he then went to Indiana, 
where he had a tract of land in Allen county, 
purchased by his father for his eldest brother, 
who would not stay on the place; whereupon 
the father gave it to his son George. He was 
taken sick soon after reaching the place and 
was unable to farm the land. He accordingly 
rented it, and farmed his cousin's place part 
of two seasons, after which he returned home. 
During the winter of 1861 he worked in the 
forage shops at Washington, where he fell 
a victim to that terrible disease, smallpox, and 
for eight weeks lay in the city's hospital. At 
the end of this time he went as the driver of 
an ammunition and provision team to York- 
towni and up the Peninsula. He had a com- 
])anion named Morrow, and when a short time 
after yoTing ]\rorrow was taken very sick with 
typhoid fever, ^Mr. Sprankle redeemed the 

IM-omise inade to Morrow's father to look after 
his boy. Leaving his work as a driver, he car- 
ried his young friend back to the hospital in 
Washington, and in order to be near him 
resumed his work in the forage shop in that 
city until the patient was well enough to be 
taken to his home at Alexandria, Pa., which 
duty was voluntarily undertaken and accom- 
plished by his faithful friend. In 1862 ilr. 
Sprankle and his young friend enlisted in 
Company C, One Hundred and Twentj'-fifth 
Pennsylvania Volunteers, and at once went 
to the front. After numerous skirmishes, they 
fought side by side in the bloody battle of An- 
tietam, when ]\Ir. Sprankle was wounded by 
a minie ball in the left foot, which accident 
sent him to the hospital fi ir ciglit months. He 
rejoined his regiment wlicii they went to Har- 
risburg to receive their discharge, on account 
of the expiration of the nine mouths' service. 
Soon after coming home Mr. Sprankle re- 
sumed farming with his father. In the next 
winter, February, 1863, he was married to 
Miss Margaret, daughter of John Davis. For 
one year after his marriage he farmed for his 
father, and then rented a farm for four or five 
years, when, the father dying, he bought the 
old homestead in Porter township. This place 
he fanned for three years, then sold it and 
bought another farm of 80 acres near Alex- 
andria, where he resided for three years, and 
then rented the Piper farm in Porter town- 
ship, as the 80 acres proved too small for 
the growing family. Five years later, in 1887, 
he removed to his present place, where he has 
remained ever since, having sold his 80 acre 
farm near Alexandria in the sj^ring of 1895. 
The children of Mr. and Mrs. George W. 
Sprankle are: Emma Grace (Mrs. Samuel 
Xeff), Porter township; John D., in railroad 
ticket office at East Liberty, Pa. ; Sallie K., at 
home; Florence M., at home; Samuel W., at- 
tends school, and is a teacher, and Wilbur Al- 
len, at home. Mr. Sprankle is a Republican, 
and has served his township as tax collector, 
supervisor and school director for many terms. 
He is a member of the Reformed church at 

SA:\rrEL D. FOCHT. farmer, Alorris 
township, Huntingdon county, was liorn April 
12, 18r)3, on the farm which he now owns, 
son of Adam and Chariotte (Dull) Focht. His 
grandfather, George I'ocht, was born at Clover 



Creek, Blair coimty, in 1780. He was liiglily 
educated, and possessed much ability. He 
once constructed a sub-marine vessel, and in- 
tending to talie out a patent for it, went to 
Washington for that jmrpose; but thinking 
the required fee to be exorbitant, he returned 
home and later allowed the model to be de- 
stroyed. He married Miss Haneline, and re- 
sided on a farm in Clover Creek until his 
death, which occurred at the age of eighty- 
four. His wife jDreceded him, j^assiug away 
at the age of seventy-one. Both are buried in 
Clover Creek cemetery. He was a Lutheran 
and was very active in his church, serving as 
elder and deacon and in other capacities. His 
children are: Adam; Joseph R., D. D., a 
Lutheran minister at Marklesburg, Pa. ; Mary 
(Mrs. Ephraim Taylor), of Himtingdon coun- 
ty, deceased; Jeffeth E., a land agent in 
Brashear, Mo.; ^Margaret, who died young; 
David E., D. D., who took cold while watch- 
ing the movements of the Confederates at 
Gettysburg and died soon after; and Rachel 
(Mrs. ]\[. iL Wallace), of Alexis, 111., de- 

Adam Focht, eldest son of George Focht, 
was born at Clover Creek, April 26, 1810. 
He was well educated in subscription schools, 
and taught for many years. Then he learned 
cooperage and blacksmithing, at which he 
sometimes worked. In ISiO he manied Char- 
lotte, daughter of Joseph Dull, and settled on 
a tract of land in Morris township which was 
owned by his father; here he remained until 
his death on July 32, 1895. His wife, a fine 
woman and loving mother, died of a cancer 
ten years before his death. ^Mr. Focht was a 
prominent man and highly esteemed. Their 
children were: Catharine, died in 1882; Mar- 
garet; Mary (Mrs. T. F. Baring), died in 
Clearfield county; Martin, a farmer in Blair 
county; Samuel D. ; George M., works in the 
stone quan-y at Franklin Forge, Pa. ; and Em- 
ma, who died in 1882. 

Samuel I). Focht was born on the John 
SliaiTer farm of Morris township. He at- 
ti'nik'd school in winter and did farm work 
in summer. He has always lived on the farm 
and has never married. At one time he was 
about to be married when his promised bride 
was removed by death; later he became en- 
gagcil to another estimable young lady, l)Ut 
slic also died before the marriage took place. 
Then he promised his father and mother to 

remain at home until their decease, and ful- 
filled his promise. Since the spring of 1888 ] 
he has owned the farm. Mr. Focht, although j 
reared to Republican principles, is exceeding- | 
ly liberal in political belief, and has never ' 
sought office. He is a member and regular > 
attendant of the Lutheran church and is vei-y [ 
highly esteemed by all because of his many j 
good qualities. He is a member of the Canoe i 
Vallev Grange, and a past noble arand of 
Hart's Log Lodge, Xo. 286, I. O. 0"^ F. i , 

J. A. THOMPSON, teacher and farmer, 
Morris township, Huntingdon county, was 
born June 20, 18-17, in Juniata township, 
Huntingdon county, son of Edward A. and 
Mary (Hershey) Thompson. Edward A. 
Thompson was twice married, and was the 
father of ten children. J. A. Thompson at- 
tended what is known as the Hawns school 
until he was twenty-one years of age. During 
vacations, he assisted his father on the farm. 
The first sujumer after becoming of age he 
worked for his uncle, Abraham Speck, at Mill 
Creek, and, with the money he earned, paid 
for his tuition at the county normal school 
taught by Supt. D. F. Tussey, assisted by S. 
P. ]\IcDevitt. After this he attended for two 
terms the State Xormal School at ilillers- 
ville. Pa. His vocation has ever since been 
the profession of teaching. He has always 
taught in ^Morris township, except one term 
in Porter township and one in Penn town- 
ship. On November 16, 1875, he was mar- 
ried to ^liss Fanny M.. daughter of Peter (de- 
ceased) and Catharine (Horner) Harnish. 
Their children are: Blanche Roberta, died 
when three years of age; Alberta Kate, now 
at home ; and Bruce Harnish, now in his eighth 
year. After marriage, Mr. Thompson rented 
a home for a short time, then rented a farm, 
and has ever since been residing on rented 
farms. He removed to his present place, con- 
sisting of 130 acres, in 1880, and has given 
his attention to teaching in winter and farm- 
ing in summer. He is a Democrat, and has 
served as school director, assessor and super- 
visor. He is a member of the Refonned 
church. Because of his own worth and deep 
interest in public affairs, he is a very iufiu- 
ential man in the communitv. 

DAVID niLEM.\N. farmer. Morris towu- 
liii, Huntingdon county, was born Septem- 



ber 21, 1838, on the farm on which he now 
lives and which has descended to him fri:)m 
his great-grandfather. He is a sou of Wil- 
liam and Barbara (Good) Hilenian. His 
great-grandfather was a native of Germany, 
who settled first in the lower counties of the 
State. For many years he drove a team from 
Harrisburg to Pittsburg. He bought a tract 
of 500 acres in Morris township, on which he 
soon afterwards resided. He died at HoUidays- 
burg. Blair county. Frederick Hilcman, 
grandfather of David Hileman, was a native 
of Pennsylvania, and was brought U]) a far- 
mer. Plis wife was Miss Bridenbaugh, and 
their children were: Mrs. Shaifer, deceaseil, 
of near Williamsburg, Blair county; Wil- 
liam; John, deceased, a farmer in Illinois; 
Mrs. Young, of Hollidaysburg, Pa.; Mrs. 
Sarah Flammond, of Kansas, who died in 
1805 in Hollidaysburg; ]\[rs. ilaria 
Phodes, of Hollidaysburg: and Samuel, a 
farmer in Iowa. After marriage, Frederick 
Hileman lived on the home farm in Morris 
townshii) for many years. Then, selling out 
to his son William, he bought a farm near 
Franktown, Pa., where he lived until the 
spring of 1861; he then sold this farm also 
to W^illiam, and set out to visit two sons living 
in Iowa and Illinois. On the way he was 
taken sick and died in Oliio. His remains 
were buried in the cemetery at Franktown Ijy 
the side of his ^\'\ie, who preceded him to the 
grave. William Hileman, eldest son of Fred- 
erick Hileman, was born on the homestead in 
!^^orris township in 1814, and died in 1880, 
at Brooks Mills, Pa. He married Miss Bar- 
bara Good; their children are: David; Aaron, 
enlisted in the army during the Civil war and 
died in a hospital of lung disease; Milton, a 
miller at Snively's Mill, near Williamsburg, 
Blair county; Anna (Mrs. Samuel Tussey), 
of Blair county; and Harry, resides at Boar- 
ing Springs, Pa. After marriage, he re- 
mained on the homestead until 1861, when he 
bought and removed to his father's farm near 
Frankstown, Pa. Later, he resided in Blair 
county, in "the Loop," but in 1873 he bought 
another farm near Brooks Mills, where he 
died in September, 1881. His wife still lives 
near Hollidaysburg with Mr. Tussey, a son- 
in-law. Mr. Hileman was an active member 
and oih^cer of the Lutheran church. He was 
a staunch Republican, and held many town- 
ship offices. 

David Hileman attended the i^ublic schools 
in Mon-is township, but at an early age began 
farm work, much of which always dejjended 
upon him. In March, 1860, he started west 
on a tour of observation, visiting his uncle 
John in Ogle county. 111., and his uncle Sam- 
uel in Iowa. In October, 1860, he visited in 
Missom'i. Here he was taken sick with typhoid 
fever and was brought home by his father. 
On February 28, 1861, he married in Mon-is 
township ]Miss Maggie, daughter of Joseph and 
Elizabeth Isenberg. Their children are: Ida 
Itrucilla (ilrs. Joseph Harnish), of ]\rorris 
town-hi],:' Delia Irene, at home; Bertha K. 
(.Mrs. Arthur P.(.llcr), ,.f AVilliauisburg, Blair 
county; Elizabeth; Dessa ; Walter Scott; and 
Alton Lloyd. After marriage he lived on his 
father's farm for a year, and then on the 
homestead, his father having bought and re- 
moved to another farm. Here he still resides, 
having brought the farm to a fine state of cul- 
tivation. Mr. Hileman is an ardent Repub- 
lican, and has always taken a prominent part 
in politics, having served as supervisor several 
terms, and as school director since 1860. He 
is a member of the Lutheran church at Shaf- 
fersville, of which he served as deacon and 
trustee many years, and is now an elder. All 
consider him a worthy representative of the 
sturdv line from which he descended. 

agent, L^nion Furnace, Huntingdon county, 
Pa., was born June 21, 1861, in Warriors 
Mark township, Huntingdon county, son of 
Thomas K. and Jane (Fetterhoof) Hender- 
son. His father was born in Spruce Creek 
township, same county, in 1830, on the farm 
on which David P. Henderson now resides. 
He Avas reared on the farm, and for many 
years attended school in an old log house 
known as the Hook school. He man-ied Miss 
Jane Fetterhoof, who still lives. Their children 
are: Milton, who died young; George E.: 
Annie, died when a child; Mary T., now on 
the farm; Xora B., at home; Jane E. (Mrs. 
I. V. Barrick), of Altoona, Pa.; and Alma 
Mary, at home. !Mr. Henderson resides in 
Warriors ilark, Huntingdon county. He is 
a Democrat, and has served his party long and 
faithfully. Fie has filled many township 
otfices, and in 1874 was elected sheriff of 
Huntingdon county, serving three years. He 



is a meiulier of the Methodist cluirch, and has 
filled ottices therein several times. 

George E. Henderson attended the com- 
mon schools of Warriors Mark and Birming- 
ham Seminary, until he was about eighteen 
years old; working during vacations on the 
farm or in the mill. For four months he 
studied at the Iron City Commercial College, 
Pittsbiu-g, Pa. He then traveled for three or 
four years in all pai-ts of the State, selling 
flour and feed for his father. On November 
25, 1SS7, he was appointed freight agent at 
Union F\irnace, Huntingdon county, ,and has 
remained there ever since. 

He was man-ied in Franklin township in 
ISSl, to Ella Bird, daughter of Jesse and 
Mary (McMillan) Fisher. Their children are: 
Thomas K., Jr., Dorothea May and Paul El- 
wood. They began hoi;sekeei3ing at Union 
Furnace, but have since removed to Tyi'one, 
Pa. Mr. Henderson, like his father, is a 
strong upholder of the Democratic party, but 
has never sought office. 

W. F. BECK, M. D., Spruce Creek, Hunt- 
ingdon county. Pa., was born January 18, 
1866, in Loveville, Centre county. Pa., son of 
Isaac and Barbara (Rider) Beck. The family 
is of German origin. Dr. Beck's great-gTand- 
father, who settled in "Warriors Mark town- 
ship, having been the first to come to America. 
Daniel Beck, grandfather of the Doctor, was 
born near Wan-iors IMark township, Hunt- 
ingdon county, where he received his educa- 
tion, and married Elizabeth Kryder, a native 
of that township. They had the following 
children: Joseph, of Fort Scott, Ivas.; John, 
farmer, of Fort Scott; Mrs. Christian Buck, 
died at Unionville, Pa.; Susan (Mrs. Dr. Mc- 
Kee), of Stormstown, Centre county. Pa., is 
deceased; Isaac; Jacob, died in May, 1896; 
and Isaiah, resides on the farm adjoining 
Isaac Beck's near Loveville. Isaac Beck, 
father of Dr. Beck, was born on the old home- 
stead, which descended in the family from his 
grandfather, and where he has passed his life. 
He married in Loveville. His children are: 
Elmer E., superintendent of Huntingdon Ee- 
formatory farm; Mary E., wife of J. L. Cor- 
ley, of Altoona, Pa., mail agent running be- 
tween Xew York and Pittsburg; Dr. W. F.; 
and Daniel J., residing with his father on the 
homestead. Mr. Isaac Beck takes an active 
interest in the ])o]itical affairs of his neiah- 

borhood as an adherent of the Republican 
party. He is also active in the work of his 
church; is a member of the Lutheran denomi- 

After acquiring the rudiments of an Eng- 
lish education in the common schools, "W. F. 
Beck became a pupil at Central Academy, in 
Half Moon valley. After studying there for 
a year, he entered Stone Valley Academy, at 
McAlevys Fort, Huntingdon county. About 
1885, he began a collegiate course at Grove 
City College, Grove City, Pa. His senior 
year in that institution was half over when a 
contagious fever broke out in the college, and 
Mr. Beck was obliged to relinquish the re- 
mainder of the course and return home. This 
was in 1886, and in the fall of the same year, 
he commenced reading medicine with Dr. J. 
M. Smith, of TjTone, Pa. In 1887 he enter- 
ed the University of Vermont, Burlington, 
Vt., and studied there for a year, continuing 
his medical studies with Dr. Smith during the 
vacations. In 1888 ^Ir. Beck matriculated at 
the College of Physicians and Surgeons, Bal- 
timore, Md., and graduated in the following 
spring. For one year he practised as the part- 
ner of Dr. Smith, at TjTone; he then took a 
post-graduate course at Jeft'erson Medical Col- 
lege, Philadelphia, Pa., graduating with the 
class of 1891. Dr. Beck practised at Tyrone 
until the fall of 1S9-1-, when he removed to 
Spruce Creek, succeeding to the practise of 
Dr. James Wasson, deceased. In the same 
year he was appointed railroad physician. The 
Doctor has had considerable experience in a 
variety of work. Brought up on the farm, he 
was a willing and active helper in agricultural 
work during his vacations; later, he taught 
school in the inteiwals of study, in order to 
meet the expenses of his classical and profes- 
sional courses. He is affiiliated with the I. O. 
O. F., and B. and P. Order of Elks, at Ty- 
rone and at Alexandria. His politics are those 
of the Republican party. The Doctor is a 
member of Blair County iledical Society. 

He has attained a high reputation as a lec- 
turer on scientific topics; his lectures before 
educational bodies in various parts of the 
State have been highly praised. The Doctor 
is secretary of the school board of Spruce 
Creek to\\'nship, and county physician. 

Dr. "W. F. Beck was married at Altoona, 
Pa., June 4, 189."), to Sarah, daughter of Col. 
Cornelius and Elizabeth (Craig) Campbell, of 



Westmoreland county. Colonel Campbell is 
an extensive coal operator. Dr. Beck, although 
brought up in the Lutheran communion, is 
now, -with his wife, a member of the Presby- 
terian church. Mrs. Beck, who was a gradu- 
ate at Wilson College, Chambersbiirg, Pa., is 
an active participant in church work. She 
is president of the Women's Foreign Mission- 
ary Society of her Presbytery, and is zealous- 
ly interested in other organizations of the 
same nature. The Doctor and wife have one 
child, a daughter, named Elizabeth Craig, 
born April 3, 1897. 

JAilES CULLEX, Spruce Creek, Hunt- 
ingdon county, Pa., was bom in County West 
Meath, Ireland, July 27, 1819. He received 
his education imder the strict, severe old-time 
schoolmasters, in a "mud school house" in his 
native country, and was set to work on the 
farm early in life. On the same farm, the 
Cullens have lived and labored for two hun- 
dred and fifty years ; it is now in jDossession of 
the brother next in age to Mr. Cullen, who 
is the eldest of the family. His father was 
the agent of the Monks estate ; he and his mf e 
both died in West Meath. Their children 
are: James; Thomas, who is unmarried, and 
farms the homestead; Ann, widow of Ber- 
nard Rooney, Altoona, Pa.; Marcellina, wid- 
ow of John Hornung, of Altoona; Patrick, 
came to this country some time after his 
brother James, married and resided in Al- 
toona, where his wife died, after which he 
sold his property, moved away, and has been 
lost sight of; Mary (Mrs. McKeowu), de- 
ceased, as is her husband also, and Jane 
(Mrs. Clinton), a widow, living in Ireland. 

John Cullen worked faithfully on the 
homestead farm, and acquired a high reputa- 
tion as a ploughman; he was, however, of an 
earnest and inquiring mind, and after the la- 
bors of the day were over, spent much of his 
time in study, attending a night school; in 
this way he obtained most of his education. 
He was in his twenty-second year when he set 
sail from Liverpool for America in the "Re- 
public," a sailing vessel, on board of which 
was a statue of George Washington. After a 
voyage of thirty-five days, he landed in Xew 
York, and soon found himself in Reading, 
Pa., where lie expected to obtain work on the 
railroad. He remained there for seven or 
eight years, working for the Reading R. R. 

Co. as a laborer; dui-ing that time he was cap- 
tain of a watch on a wooden bridge, five miles 
west of Reading. At the end of that time 
Mr. Cullen came to Spruce Creek, to enter the 
employ of the P. R. R. Co. ; the distance from 
McVeytown was then made by stage. He 
commenced work on February 8, and con- 
tinued until September 16, occupied in pre- 
paring ballast and assisting in laying track. 
He was then made assistant foreman for the 
P. R. R. Co., and after holding that position 
for a month, was promoted to be a foreman of 
the sub-division of the road between Tyrone 
and Fostoria. In 185-±, when the mountain 
division was opened, he was ordered to Wil- 
more, and for four months acted as assistant 
supervisor, after which he resumed his for- 
mer position as foreman. For two summers 
before this appointment he had conducted a 
ballast train. He received the appointment 
to his present post, that of supervisor of No. 
8 Division, P. R. R., January 1, 1861. 
He has ever since most faithfully and satis- 
factorily fulfilled the duties of his position; 
has seen many disastrous wrecks, and had 
many interesting experiences. Mr. Cullen is 
a tried and trusted employee, the oldest one in 
the service of the road, in which he will soon 
have numbered forty-six years. When Mr. 
Cullen first came to this country, and lived 
in Reading, he espoused Whig principles ; but 
he has since become a sound Democrat. 

James Cullen was married July 4, 1852, in 
the Catholic church in Sinking Valley, Blair 
county. Pa., by Rev. Father James Bradley, 
to Mary Catherine, daughter of William 
Halen. She was left an orphan when only a 
year old. The children of Mr. and Mrs. Cul- 
len are : Ann ; Mary Catherine ; Jane F. ; Ag- 
nes (Mrs. Emery Worden); James F., civil 
engineer on the Delaware bridge; Bernard A., 
civil engineer, has his office at Mitfiin, Pa.; 
William F., gi-aduate in maisic at L'niversity 
of Boston, and teaches both instrumental and 
vocal music; Thomas A., graduate of Seaton 
Hall, X. J. ; all of the family except the two 
civil engineers reside %vith their father. Mrs. 
Cullen died April 5, 1894, after an illness of 
only one or two days. She was comparatively 
young. Mr. Cullen is a member of St. John's 
R. C. church, Altoona, Pa. 

D.VVTl) :M. miller. Spruce Creek, 
Hunting<hin countv. Pa., was born December 



4, 1S52, at Tyrone I'orge, Blair county. Pa. 
He is a sou of Christopher aud ]\Iary A. 
(Moore) Miller, and grandson of James C. 
Miller, who married twice. With his first 
wife he settled near Bald Eagle Furnace, 
Blair county ; after her death he maii'ied Miss 
Crotzer. Christopher Miller, son of James 
C, was born at Bald Eagle, March 29, 1824. 
Left an orphan at the age of seven, and early 
thrown upon his own resources, his opportuni- 
ties for education were very meager. He and 
his brother, Alexander Miller, were sent out 
to do any sort of work that boys could obtain, 
such as chopping wood, etc. He was married 
in October, 1847, at Tyrone Forge, to Mary 
Ann Moore, and took up his residence at that 
place, where for seven years he was employed 
to drive a six-horse team. He was after this 
employed by the Tyrone Co. on their farms 
until the war of the Rebellion began, when he 
enlisted in Company B, Eighty-eighth Penn- 
sylvania Volunteers, in response to the call 
for men for three years' service. He was in 
the fight at Petersburg and saw much other 
service, until discharged at Philadeli^hia in 
June, 1865. Two years after his return 
home, ]\Ir. Miller bought a farm near Frank- 
linville, Huntingdon county, and resided 
upon it until his death, which occurred in 
1888. His wife still survives. Their chil- 
dren are: William H., deceased; Alexander, 
deceased; Da^dd M. ; Christopher, Jr., farmer; 
and James C. The last two reside on the 

David H. Miller received his elementary 
education at Elk Run, near Tyrone, Pa. He 
was fourteen years of age when the family re- 
moved to the farm in Huntingdon county, 
Avhere he continued attending school, and en- 
joyed the instructions of an excellent teacher. 
His vacations were for the most part spent in 
healthy employment on the farm. At the age 
of seventeen, Mr. Miller began teaching 
school in the rural districts, and taught for six 
consecutive years in the same township. In 
1875 he entered into partnership in a genei'al 
country store, with A. G. Ewing, at Franklin- 
ville, and was also interested in one at Bailey- 
ville, Pa. At the end of two years he sold his 
interest in the business to his partner in order 
to assume a position under the P. R. R. Co. ; 
this was in 1879. He served in the capacity 
of assistant freight agent until October 18, 
1882, when he was a]ipointed passenger and 

freight agent. He is now station agcm 
at Spruce Creek, au official trusted and 
esteemed by the company for his ability and 
efficient discharge of diity. ^Ir. Miller is a 
Republican. In ISs'.i and Is'.il he was elect- 
ed justice of the pca.-c and ^rved a term in 
that office. For the pa^t Tliirtcen years he has 
been a member of the school board, seiwing 
in all its capacities. He is now its president. 
Mr. Miller has many friends, and enjoys gen- 
eral esteem and respect. 

Da^■id H. ^Miller was married in Sjjruce 
Creek, February 22, 1881, to Sarah K., 
daughter of Joseph and Xancy (Keagy) 
Shoenfelt, born near iMartinsburg, Blair 
county, in May, 1856. Their children are: 
Bessie Ray; Iva Pearl; D. Seward; W. Guy; 
Mary Estella; and J. Earl. Mr. Miller takes 
an active part in church work, as a member ol 
the Presbyterian church. 

R. E. HOLMES, il. 1)., Spruce Creek, 
Huntingdon county. Pa., was born May 4, 
1860, on a farm near Jacksonville, Centre 
county. He is a son of James H. and Emily 
(McKibben) Holmes. James II. Holmes was 
born on the old homestead in Centre county, 
Pa., and grew lip to the life and work of a 
farmer; that vocation he followed until a few 
years ago, when he relinquished active busi- 
ness, and remo-^-ed to State College, where he 
and his wife now reside. His politics are 
those of the Republican party. The children 
of Mr. aud IMrs. James H. Holmes are: two 
not named, having died in earlv infancy; Dr. 
R. E. ; Mary (Mrs. Albert Deal), of State Col- 
lege, Pa. ; 01i-\da, deceased, wife of Prof. Wil- 
liam Stewart; Irving, resides at State College; 
John L., of State College; James H., resides 
^^dth his father; Emma; and Mabel. Mr. 
Holmes is a member of the Presbyterian 

Until he had nearly attained his majority, 
Dr. R. E. Holmes continued to attend the 
common schools of his native place, and to 
devote his vacations and other unoccupied 
time to the work of his father's farm. In 
1882, Mdien in his twenty-second year, he en- 
tered Pennsylvania State College, in Centre 
county, above Bellefonte, and spent there 
four years, not quite consecutively. At inter- 
vals he spent one year in teaching school and 
in doing other work. His college course com- 
iilctfd, he became confidential clerk to a com- 



mission merchant of Philadelphia, and re- 
tained the position for five years. Out of his 
earnings in this capacity, young Holmes saved 
enough to pay for his tuition in the medical 
schools. He began the study of the healing 
art with a professor o'f a Philadelphia college 
as his preceptor, and a year later entered the 
Eclectic College of Medicine at Cincinnati, 
Ohio, from which he graduated at the end of 
three years. He remained six months longer 
at the college, with his preceptor, and then 
came to Spruce Creek, where he has ever since 
resided. He has an extensive practive, and is 
socially and personally esteemed. Dr. Holmes 
is a Republican. 

Dr. Ii. E. Holmes was married in Lock 
Haven, Pa., to Annie, daughter of D. K. Mil- 
ler, a merchant of that town. Two years after 
their marriage, she died, leaving one child, 
Kuth. Dr. Holmes was again married, in 
Bloomsburg, Columbia county. Pa., March 
2-i, 1896, to Ada, daughter of Mrs. Mary 
Lucas, a widow lady. Dr. Holmes is a mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian church. 

THOMAS M. BENNER, Spruce Creek, 
Huntingdon county. Pa., was born on a farm 
near Houserville, Centre county. Pa., June 
29, 1836. He is a son of Philip and Isabella 
K. (Edmundson) Benner. His grandfather, 
Philip Benner, Sr., was born in Cliester coun- 
ty, Pa., whence he came with the brothers 
Houser, and settled in the vicinity of Houser- 
ville, Centre county. He embarked in the 
iron business, conveying his produce on pack 
horses to Pittsburg, where he disposed of it. 
He acquired thousands of acres of land, of 
which he bequeathed to his son, Philip, 
1,800 acres, good and arable. Lie was 
commonly called "General" Benner," but 
it is not known how the title came to be 
conferred on him, whether through con- 
nection with the militia or the Continen- 
tal army, or whether it was a mere sou- 
briquet, which seems probable, as he ml- 
hered to the Society of Friends, who are con- 
scientiously opposed to war. His -vnie was 
Ruth Roberts; they left a family of eleven 
children. Philip Benner, Sr., died about 
1816. Philip Benner, Jr., was born, grew U]) 
and married at the Rock Iron Works. With 
a partner named ^liles, he continued the iron 
works throughout his life. He also owned 
two good farms. Mr. and Mrs. Philip Benner 

had four children: William, wounded at the 
battle of Fair Oaks, and conveyed to Philadel- 
phia, where he died; Ruth (Mrs. Hugh Wil- 
son), Scottsville, Pa. ; Thomas M. ; Mary (Mrs. 
Peter Curry), Altoona, Pa. Philip Benner, 
like his father, was a Friend. He died in 1838 
or '39, aged about forty-five. His wife sur- 
vived him many years, dying at Mapleton, 
Pa., in 1892, aged ninety years. 

Left an orphan at the age of two years and 
a half by the death of his father, Thomas M. 
Benner attended school in his native place or 
at Rock Iron Works, only imtil he reached 
the age of thirteen. He then began to drive 
a team at the ore mines at ten or twelve dol- 
lars per month. He was a willing worker and 
an apt learner, so that he became of service in 
almost every department of mine labor. Fin- 
ally, however, preferring a steady occupation, 
Mr. Benner learned blacksmithing, and has 
continued to follow that occupation from 1857 
up to the present time, except during ten 
months of army service in (lefence of the 
Union. He enlisted in 1862 at Huntingdon, 
in Company C, One Hundred and Twenty- 
fifth Pennsylvania Volunteers, proceeded to 
the front, and took part in the battles of An- 
tietam and Chancellorsville. During the re- 
mainder of his term of service he was for the 
most part on picket duty, a dangerous and ex- 
hausting part of the soldier's business. Mr. 
Benner's time of enlistment having expired, 
he was discharged at Harrisbm-g, Pa., May 
18, 1863. He returned to his home and to his 
forge. After his man-iage in 1858, he had re- 
sided for some time at Pennsylvania Furnace, 
then for nine months at Sinking Valley, Blait 
county, Pa., after which he set up his forge at 
Spruce Creek, and has confined in successful 
!>nsiness at the same place ever since. His 
shop and dwelling, a pleasant and convenient 
home, are his own property. !Mr. Benner is a 
Repnldican, and interested in politics, though 
HOT with any desire for office. He believes 
tliat rcliiiiiiu consists in obeying the Golden 

Thomas M. Benner was married at Penn- 
sylvania Furnace, June 10, 1858, to Cather- 
ine, daughter of Abraham Fiester, of Clear- 
field county. Their children, besides two lit- 
tle daughters who died in infancy, are as fol- 
lows: Philip; William; John, deceased; 
Charles; Frank; Samuel, deceased; Thomas; 
Harrv; Annie; Marv; and Emilv. 


HAERY D. KELLER, Spruce Creek, 
Huntingdon county. Pa., was born July 10, 
1867, in Moms township, Huntingdon coun- 
ty, son of Samuel and Susan (Sprankle) Kel- 
ler. His grandfather, John Keller, settled in 
this region when a young man, and died in 
Morris township. Samuel Keller was born ou 
his father's farm in Morris to^vnship, and 
grew up there. He was quiet and reserved in 
his manner, and was a devout Christian gen- 
tleman. He and his wife were both faithful 
members of the Reformed church. Harry D. 
Keller is their only child. Both the parents 
are buried in the cemetery at Keller church. 
Mr. Keller died first, and his wife survived 
him until 1873. 

The son was but two years and eight months 
old when his father died, and with his mother 
he found a home in the house of his grand- 
father, Mr. Sprankle, in Spruce Creek. Harry 
D. Keller was educated in the common schools 
of Water Street and Spruce Creek. On his 
grandfather's farm he became practically ac- 
quainted with the business of tilling the soil. 
At the age of twenty-one, he bought this 
farm, consisting of 107 acres of cleared land, 
and 145 of mountain land. Mr. Keller ranks 
among the enterprising and successful young 
farmers of his neighborhood. In his political 
opinions, he is a staunch Republican. 

Harry D. Keller was married in 1890, on 
August 23, in the town of Huntingdon, to 
Anna Maud, daughter of Henrj^ and Mar- 
garet Shultz. Their children are: Bertha 
Clare; Susan Ramona, died August 12, 189-4; 
and Sarah Louella. Mr. Keller is a member 
of the Reformed congregation at Alexan- 
dria, Pa. 

WARREX B. WRAY, Spruce Creek, 
Huntingdon county. Pa., was born Decem- 
ber 4, 1860, in Franklin township. He is a 
son of William and Jane E. (Lowers) Wray. 
His paternal grandfather came from Ireland 
to this country at the age of eighteen. He 
was a cooper, but here he turned his atten- 
tion to farming. He settled in Huntingdon, 
where he and his wife, whose maiden name 
was Douglas, died. They left children, 
among whom was William B. Wray. Born 
jSTovember 24, 1815, and reared in the south- 
ern part of the county, in the vicinity of 
Tnion Church, William B. Wrav learned the 

trade of blacksmith, and worked at it luitil 
six years after his marriage. He was then 
obliged to abandon it, having lost the sight 
of an eye, which was struck by a piece of hot 
iron flying off the anvil. Mr. Wray now be- 
gan farming, renting the Evert farm for five 
years, then the ^luncy farm, in Warriors 
Mark township, for nine years, and then buy- 
ing a farm, on part of which the city of Al- 
toona is now built. He afterwards again 
rented the farm in Warriors Mark township 
for a year, and thence removed to the Madi- 
son farm, which he cultivated for nineteen 
years. Mr. Wray bought the homestead 
property in 1876, but did not make it his resi- 
dence until the spring of 1879. His wife, 
Miss Lowers, was a native of Alexandria, Pa., 
born April 19, 1818. They had these chil- 
dren: Regina (Mrs. J. Porter Hazlet), Al- 
toona, Pa. ; Jane Ann (Mrs. Samuel E. Stew- 
art), Arch Spi'ings, Blair county, Pa.; Da^^id 
L., formerly a merchant, now in the lumber 
business at Bellwood, Pa. ; Hannah M. (Mrs. 
William H. Wallace), Arch Spring, Blair 
county; Allie M. (Mrs. William R. Moore), 
Morris to\vnship, Huntingdon county; Ada 
K., keeps house for her brother Warren; 
James H., M. D., Winterset, Madison coun- 
ty, la.; William P., merchant, Bellwood, Pa.; 
George H., clerk, Altoona, Pa. ; and Warren 
B. Mrs. Wray died May 19, 1887; her hus- 
band survived her but four years, dying June 
3, 1891. They are interred in the Presbyte- 
rian cemetery at Alexandria. Their memory 
is a rich legacy to their children, for they were 
both devout Christians, members of the Pres- 
byterian denomination. 

Warren B. Wray was brought up on the 
Madden farm, on Eden Hill, now occupied by 
Harvey Richey. He now o%vns the place 
which his father bought on leaving the Mad- 
den farm. His education was obtained in the 
common schools of his native place, which he 
attended during the winter, while doing farm 
work in summer. At the age of twenty, War- 
ren Wray began teaching, and continued in 
that vocation for five years. He then rented 
his father's farm for five years. He had pre- 
viously purchased fifteen acres, which now 
form a part of his present farm. In February, 
1893, he bought the place from his father's 
heirs, and has made it his home ever since, his 
sister. Miss Ada, residing with him. Mr. 
Wrav is a Democrat, but has never sought 



office. He is a member and a deacon of the 
Presbyterian church at Spruce Creek. 

JESSE O. FISHEE. Spruce Creek, Hunt- 
ingdon county, Pa., was born January 15, 
IS 15, in Fishing Creek valley, York county, 
Pa. He is a son of Godfrey and Abigail (Or- 
rin) Fisher. David Fisher, his grandfather, 
emigTated from Germany to this country after 
liis marriage, and was among the earliest set- 
tlers of York county, where he took up a large 
tract of land. This was long before the Revo- 
lutionary war. He died in York county; liis 
wife survived him, and attained the age of 
ninety-nine. She was mart-ied the second 
time to A. Huffstedt. Godfrey Fisher was 
born in York county, about 1789. His home 
was always in that county, where he gi'ew up 
wi.t\\ but few educational opportunities, but 
with a practical knowledge of agriciiltural 
work. The children of Mr. and Mrs. Goilfrey 
Fisher were: Polly, wife of Henry May, both 
deceased; Catherine, wife of John Briuser, 
both deceased; Jesse O. ; George, resides near 
Middletown, Dauphin county, Abraham, set- 
tled below Gettysburg, Pa., and died there; 
and Jackson, of Decatur, HI. Godfrey Fisher 
died in York county in 1824. Mrs. Fisher af- 
terwards went with her son, Jackson, to De- 
catur, 111., where she also died at the age of 

His father's death occurring when Jesse O. 
Fisher was but nine years old, he had only 
limited advantages in the way of education, as 
he was obliged to go to work early in life. He 
however attended the subscription schools for 
some time, but being placed with an uncle of 
his, who was a farmer, to receive his board 
ami clothing for his services, he ran away, 
and went to his cousin, John Steele, for whom 
he worked, receiving for the first two months 
$2.50 per month. In the next summer, his 
wages were advanced to $5 per month. He 
continued working for Mr. Steele for nearly 
three years. He then engaged with Samuel 
Prowl to work during the winters in his grist 
mill, and during the summers on the farm. 
This engagement lasted for two winters, and 
then Mr. Fisher, at eighteen years of age, 
went to learn shoemaking from David Fisher, 
in Fishing Creek valley. After an ap- 
prenticeship of a year and a half, he did jour- 
ney work for one winter with John OiTin at 
Lewisberry, York county. In the spring of 

1S3(J, Mr. Fisher came to Huntingdon coun- 
ty with Martin Miller. He afterwards hired 
out as farm hand, with Benjamin Barre, in 
what is now Blair township, Blair county. He 
worked for :Mr. Barre for a year at $10 per 
month, and managed to save nearly all of his 
wages. During one summer he 'worked on 
the farm of Mark Musselman, and in the win- 
ter went out among fanners with a threshing 

In December, 1837, Jesse O. Fisher was 
man-ied to Mary, daughter of John and Sarah 
(Bird) McMillan. Their wedding journev 
was a trip on hoi-seback to the home of Mr. 
Fisher's mother in Fishing Creek vallev. 
They were three days on tlie way. After" a 
stay of three weeks, gaily spent in visiting and 
receiving the congratulations of friends and 
relatives, Mr. and Mrs. Fisher mounted their 
horses and returned as they had come. Dur- 
ing that vnntev Mr. Fisher was engaged in 
threshing. In the spring the young couple 
went to housekeeping, renting' for the first 
year a small farm belonging to ilichael Wal- 
lace. Their next home was Philip Ilrcidcn- 
baugh's farm, .which they rented f..i- -jx \-c:irs; 
then Colonel Dysart's. When they had .ifcu- 
pied the latter place for five years the Colonel 
died, after which Mr. Fisher farmed four years 
for Miss Annie Dysart,the Colonel's daughter. 
He then bought Mr. Bell's farm of 20o"acres 
in Tyrone township, Blair county. After cul- 
tivating this farm for four years, Mr. Fisher 
was seized with the "western fever," so he sold 
his land, and went to Decatur, 111., to which 
place his mother and brother had removed. 
But after reaching the place and looking 
around, he found he could not be satisfied to 
make his home there, so he returned to Penn- 
sylvania, and bought a farm near Union Fur- 
nace, for which he paid $6,000. This place 
he cultivated for four years, after which he 
sold it for $10,000, and bought his present 
home, on Eden Hill. It now" belongs to his 
sons, John and Samuel. It contains 230 
acres, and is situated in that part of Franklin 
township now included in SiDruce Creek. Mr. 
Fisher fanned this place for thirty years, and 
has been one of the most successful farmers 
in this part of the countv. 

]\Irs. Mary (Mcilillan)' Fisher died in 1SS9, 
and is bui-ied at Arch Spring cemetery, in 
Blair county. Her children are: Sarah,' who 
died at two years of age; George, died when 



n,o an.l a half vears old; Anna Marv (Mrs. for l,e was here l.eforc the Eevolution, and 

Cl'irlr^ i;iin-ov) Denver, Col.; Han-iet (Mrs. enlisted like luanv other ardent, liberty-lov- 

],,lm Sn-vk.r) Garnet,' Kas.; Abbie, first ing boys. He served seven years in the Con- 

ni-n-ri.-l to I uues Law now the mfe of Daniel tinental army under Captain Chnreh. He 

Shultz, of ' Spruce Creek; Ercilla (Mrs. ;vas married in Adams eounty Pa., to Miss 

Thomas Shultz), Selina, Kas.; John, married M^ry Adams, jmUat^ey-e^ ,?'"f^of 

Hannah Gansemore, of Warriors Mark town 

ship, they reside on the homestead; Jesse, 
married Alma Wait, went to Kansas and re- 
sided there for several years, but now reside 
at Spruce Creek; Jennie (Mrs. Jonas Lowder), 
Porter township; Samuel, married Ada Rose- 
berry, farms the homestead; and Ellen (ilrs. 
Elmer Henderson), of Tyrone township, Blair 

On" June 29, 1891, Jesse O. Fisher was 
married again, to Clara Johnson. They have 
one child,""nained Marion. Mrs. Fisher is the 
dauo-hter of Xicodemus and Catherine (Grey) 
Johnson. In August, 1894:, Mr. and Mrs. 
Fisher made a trip to the west, in order to 
visit his children and grandchildren. They 
went first to Selina, Kas.; thence to Denver, 
Col., from which point Mr. Fisher made an 
excursion of 190 miles up the Eockies to Sil- 
vi-r Plume station. During this journey, they 
\isitcd St. Louis, Kansas City, Pueblo and 
( '.ilorado Springs, and on the return trip stop- 
ped off to visit children at Garnet, Kas., and 
friends at Danforth, :Mo. Xotwithstanding 
Mr. Fisher's advanced age, he is a first-class 
traveler; he did not suffer in the least from 
fatigue, but on the contrary, never felt better 
in his life. Invigorated, rather than exhaust- 
ed, by a life of steady and diligent work, in- 
dustry and sobriety have preserved Ih: Fish- 
er's constitution to a robust and enjoyable old 

He is a Eepiiblican, and has taken a very 
prominent part in politics; has seiwed his 
to-miship as supervisor for four terms, and also 
as school director. He is a member of the , i i 

Arch Spring Presbyterian church, of which saxne^eloyed^sp^^^^ 
he was for several years an elder, 

don county, where he died, June 16, 1829. 
Mr. McPherran's maternal grandfather, 
Eobert Stewart, was born in County Down, 
Ireland, June 15, 1754. In 1794, at the age 
of forty, he came to America on the old sail- 
ing vessel, "Faithful," the jjassage occupying 
ten weeks. On the same ship and at the same 
time, his future wife crossed the ocean. She 
was then a young woman of thirty, but they 
were not previously acquainted. Her name 
was Elizabeth Emmet. She was a relative of 
the unfortunate young patriot, Eobert Em- 
met. The long and stormy voyage at length 
ended. After a short courtship, Mr. Stewart 
and Miss Emmet were married in 1794. In 
the follo-ndng spring they took up their abode 
within the present limits of Sprvice Creek 
toAvnship on a tract of G40 acres, which Mr. 
Stewart had bought from the State. Look- 
ing upon those broad acres, covered with the 
primeval forest, watered by mountain brooks 
and springs of pure water, with wild game of 
all kinds in abundance, and streams stocked 
with a great variety of fish, and feeling that 
all this was their own, it seemed to their 
proud hearts a second Garden of Eden, and 
they named it Eden fann. It is now known 
as Eden Hill. Until Mr. Stewart could build 
a cabin, they slept under a large oak. The 
first cabin served as a home until fall, by that 
time he had erected a comfortable log house. 
In it their children were born: Alexander; 
Martha; Elizabeth; and Eobert, who died in 
boyhood. In the same humble but happy 
dwelling Mr. Stewart died in 1837, and his 
wife also, after a life of sixtv vears in the 

JOIIX A. McP.HEREAlST, Spruce Creek, 
Huntingdon county. Pa., was born May 30, 
1830, on the farmwhich he now owns, near 
Spruce Creek. He is a son of John and Eliza- 
beth (Stewart) McPherran. Andrew Mc- 
Pherran, his grandfather, was born in Scot- 
land or Ireland, it is not known which coun- 
try, June Ifi, 1763. He must have emi- 
grated from his native land very eariy in life, 

John McPherran, father of John A., was 
born in Adams county, January 9, 1786, and 
was still very young when his parents re- 
moved to Huntingdon county. The family 
was in A'ery straitened circiimstances, and 
this was at least in part o^^^ng to the elder Mc- 
Pherran's sen-ices to his adopted country. 
After giving seven years and six months of his 
time to the struggle for the liberties of 
America, Andrew JlcPhcrran was paid off, 
with the rest of the armv, in Continental 



money, wliicli proved worthless. The boy- 
hood of John McPherrau was passed in Rays- 
town, Huntingdon county, where he received 
the little scliodl training that fell to his lot. 
lie :ifier\\;ir'ls did much to make up for this 
detieiency, and became, indeed, a self-educated 
man. He was for many years a contractor. 
After his marriage he settled in the woods of 
Franklin township, on a tract of land which he 
had bought from Thomas Houston, then all 
in timber. His farming operations had there- 
fore to be begun ]iy (dearing the soil. By in- 
dustry and >ieaily iierseverance, he succeeded 
in maintaining liis family in some degree of 
comfort, and leaving thriving farms to his 
children. He was married January 9, 1817, 
to Elizabeth, daughter of Robert and Eliza- 
beth (Emmet) Stewart, born in Huntingdon 
county, June 18, 1796. Their children are: 
Robert, who died young; ^Martha, born Sep- 
tember 25, 1818, man'ied to John Ebberts, of 
Spruce Creek; Jane, born April 3, 1820, wife 
of George Mattern, of Spruce Creek valley; 
Mary Ann, deceased, was born Xovember 22, 
1823, and married John Kiner; Elizabeth, 
born July 30, 1825, married David Beck, and 
removed with him to Iowa, where they both 
died; Samuel, born Febnaary 26, 1827, is 
deceased; Rebecca, bom October 14, 1828, re- 
sides with her brother, John ; John A. ; Alex- 
ander S., born June 9, 1832, man-ied Susan 
Condo, and went to Iowa, where his wife died, 
after which he married Miss Crane, and re- 
moved to Hutchison, Kas., where they now 
reside; James M., born in September, 1833, a 
graduate of Jefferson College and an attorney 
of Sterling, Pa., is married to Miss Witherow; 
Robert (2), bom September 2, 1835, married 
Miss Miller, and removed to Iowa, where they 
reside; and (leorgc, born Deceniln'r 28, 1838, 
married iliss Hunter, of Petersbiirg, Pa., 
who died, and he afterward married Miss Les- 
lie, of Philadelphia, where he is now an at- 
torney, ilrs. John ilcPherran died in the 
spring of 1848; her husband survived her un- 
til August 10, 1860, when he died at the age 
of seventy-four. They are interred at Arch 
Spring cemetery. Both were devout mem- 
bers of the Presbyterian church. ]\Ir. ]Mc- 
PheiTan was for many years an elder. 

John A. ilcPherran was educated in the 
common schools of his native place, but being 
obliged to help in the cultivation of the Imme 
farm very early in life, he had but little op- 

portunity for acciuiring an education. He has 
always i-esided on the homestead, having 
taken eutii'e charge of it about 1856. After 
the death of his father, he bought the farm 
from the heirs, and in 1879 erected the stone 
house in which he resides. Mr. McPhen-an 
has always voted the Republican ticket. He 
is not a member of any church, but inclines to 
the Presbyterian. 

EDMU^'D AV. GRAFFIUS, merchant, 
Spruce Creek, was born in Birmingham, 
Huntingdon county. Pa., January 24, ls31, 
son of John and Mary (Whittaker) Grathus. 
Because of their religious belief, three 
brothers named Graifius were driven out of 
Germany, and being without funds, sold 
themselves to pay their passage to America. 
Having landed they separated, two settling 
near the Susquehanna river, the other near the 
Juniata. The sou of the latter, Martin, was 
the grandfather of Edmund W. GralEus. He 
was a tinsmith, and resided in Huntingdon 
county until his death. John Graffius, father 
of Edmund "W., was born in Huntingdon, Pa., 
in 1801, educated in his native place, and 
learned the trade of a tinner. Before his mar- 
riage he was engaged during the summer 
months in managing flat boats on the river. 
After marriage he moved to Birmingham and 
worked at his trade until his death, which 
occiu'red in 1863. His honesty and rectitude 
of character won for him the esteem of his 
neighbors and friends. His wife survived 
him eight years and was buried with her hus- 
band at Birmingham. Both were consistent 
members of the Methodist church. Their 
family consisted of these children: Adolphus 
Martin, died in Tyrone, Pa., in 1890; Ed- 
mund W.; Thomas W., retired, Scottdale, 
Westmoreland county. Pa.; and Annie (Mrs. 
Beyer), of Huntingdon. 

Edmund W. Grathus was educated in the 
puldic schools, and at Birmingham Academy. 
During the summer months he worked for the 
neighboring farmers. At sixteen he began 
to learn saddlery with Samuel Bender, of Wil- 
liamsburg. After working for a time as 
journevman, he was clerk for a year in the 
store of F. M. Bell tt Co., Tyrone, Pa. He 
then purchased a half interest in a general 
store at Spruce Creek; the partnershiii con- 
tinued for two years, and his lirother, T. W. 
C.raflius, then bought the stock. Later he 



secured an interest in his brother's store, and 
they were successfully engaged in the mercan- 
tile business in Tyrone for nine years. Hav- 
ing bought a farm on Eden Hill, Mr. Graffius 
sold his interest in the store, and farmed for 
two years. He then began business at Spruce 
Creek, where he has since been continuously 
engaged. He was married, in 1858, at Eden 
Hill, to Annie, daughter of Hugh and Martha 
Seeds. Their children are: Mary, wife of 
John E. Stewart, Tyrone, Pa. ; Alice, wife of 
Alfred Goodman, of Peoria, 111.; Clara, at 
home ; and John Edgar, deceased. Mr. Graf- 
fius is a Eepublican. He is a member of the 
Methodist church, Spruce Creek, is a trustee, 
and served many years as steward. 

SAMUEL H. IRVIX, McAlevys Fort, 
Huntingdon county, Pa., was born at Hickley 
Furnace, Centre county. Pa., November 26, 
184:1, son of John and Elizabeth (Mothers- 
baugh) Irvin. James Trunin, grandfather of 
Samuel H., was born in Ireland, of Scotch 
parentage; he came to this country when a 
young man, and supported himself and 
family by general labor. He married in Mif- 
flin county ; his children were : Samuel ; Wil- 
liam; James; Joseph; John; Andrew; and 
Eliza. James Irvin adhered to the Democratic 
party. He was a member of the Presbyterian 
church. He died in Centre county. Pa. His 
son, John Irvin, had a limited education, but 
was quick and intelligent, as well as physically 
robust. He was a worker in coal and iron. 
In 1847 he removed from Centre to Hunting- 
don county, where he was engaged in the iron 
works at Monroe Furnace. The company 
failed, owing Mr. Irvin $1,000, in payment of 
which he was obliged to take a farm, valued 
at $1,100; this necessitated the payment of 
$100 in cash. Mr. Irvin built a dwelling and 
a barn, planted an orchard, and maile various 
other improvements upuii Lis piMp-i'ty. He 
cultivated 130 acres lic-iili-; r:ii-iiiu cniilo, and 
other live stock. lie was alsu inaiui-cr of the 
Greenwood furnace, in Huntingdon county. 
Mr. Irvin was a Democrat. His wife was of 
German descent, born in Mifflin county. 
Their children are: Abraham, killed in a 
railroad accident at Barree; John, deceased, 
Avas a private in Company E, Forty-fifth 
Pennsylvania Volunteers, Xinth Army Corps, 
was wounded and lost his leg, died May 18, 
1871; James P., belonged to Company G, 

One Hundred and Forty-eighth Pennsylva- 
nia Volunteers, was three times wounded in 
battle, died in 1893; William Miles, of Wil- 
liamsport. Pa., employed in the railroad 
office, was four years in the army, first in 
Company G, Forty-nintji Pennsylvania Vol- 
unteers, afterwards in Company C, Seventh 
Pennsylvania Volunteers; Samuel H. ; 
David, of Company F, One Hundred and 
I'orty-eighth Pennsylvania Volunteers, was 
wounded in 1864, died in 1874; ]\Iartin L., 
a boy of intelligence and good education, en- 
listed at the age of seventeen in Company F, 
One Hundred and Forty-eighth Pennsylvania 
Volunteers, and was shot in battle; Gerard 
J., a soldier like his brothers, though only 
sixteen, was in the One Hundred and Tenth 
Pennsylvania Volunteers, and was woimded 
in the breast at Petersburg, Va., is now living 
in Virginia; Ellis, in the grocery business at 
Altoona, Pa.; Susanna, deceased, wife of 
Henry Greenawalt, of Huntingdon, Pa.; 
Rebecca J., deceased, wife of Clinton B. 
White; Annie, died at the age of nineteen; 
Mary J., deceased, wife of Frank Strunk; 
Andrew, died in Centre county. Pa.; and 
Jacob, died in Jackson township, aged eleven. 
Few family records present a story of greater 
devotion to the cause of their country; 
scarcely any of so much suffering and sacri- 
fice as was undergone by the seven sons of this 
family, who freely gave their blood, their 
young strength, and some of them life itself, 
for the preservation of the Union. Just after 
the return of peace, the father of this family 
died on the homestead, September 14, 1865. 
He was a member of the Lutheran church, 
and had been active in its service. His wife 
survived him for fifteen years, and died Xo- 
vember 2, 1880, at the house of her son, 
Samuel H., in Huntingdon. She was a kind 
and faithfiil mother, and like her excellent 
husband, was devoted to her church, and regu- 
lar in her attendance upon its services. 

Samuel H. Irvin was educated in the com- 
mon schools of Jackson and Franklin town- 
ships, was interested in his studies, and has by 
his own efforts made up for the slenderness of 
his ach'antages. From the age of ten years, 
he worked on the farm: he was occupied in 
agricultural labor, at home and for neighbor- 
ing farmers, until the war of the Rebellion 
broke out. Then, yielding to his patriotic 
iinjnilses, he enlisted, August 17, 1861, under 



Col. W. H. Irwiu and Cai:)t. John B. Miles, 
in Company C, Forty-ninth Pennsylvania 
Volunteers. From McAlevys Fort, the regi- 
ment went to Harrisburg, Pa., thence to 
Washington, D. C, and thence to Hall's Hill, 
and took part in the battles of Yorktown and 
Williamsburg, Va. On the 5th of May, 1862, 
it was attached to the Sixth Army Corps, un- 
der Brigadier General Hancock; took part in 
the battle of White Oak Church, also called 
White Church, or James' River; was at the 
siege of Kichmond, and in the Seven Days' 
Fight; on the 27th of June, went to Garnet's 
Hill, Va., where an attack and a skirmish took 
place on the 28th, and several men were killed. 
The regiment was also in the fights at Savage 
Station, at AVhite Oak Swamp, and on July 3, 
at ilalvern Hill, where there was hard fight- 
ing. It then lay at Harrison's Landing for 
about four weeks; was in the battle at Antie- 
tam, in September, 1862, and in the fight at 
South Mountain; lay at Hagerstown for one 
month; took part in the battle of Fredericks- 
burg, and of Rappahannock Station, where 
two thousand prisoners were taken; was in a 
small fight at Mine Run, and went from that 
place to Rappahannock Station, there they did 
picket duty. Here Mr. Irvin was made or- 
derly sergeant, in March, 1864. He was in 
the 'battle of the Wilderness, May 4, 1864; 
in the battle of Spottsylvania, May 10, where 
both colonels Avere killed; took part in the 
battle of Cold Harbor; was made second lieu- 
tenant, June 4, 1864; from Cold Harbor they 
went to Petersburg. Mr. Irvin was in all the 
engagements of the army of the Potomac; 
he was in the army four years, and was mus- 
tered out Jidy 26, 1865; he was at the final 
grand review in Washington, D. C, the second 
in which he took part. Although on active 
duty during the entire period of his enlist- 
ment, he received only a few slight wounds. 
He carried the colors for eighteen months. 
Mr. IrAan now returned to the homestead and 
to peaceful labor. He took a contract for 
wood chopping, by which he made $500 dur- 
ing the winter of '65-'66; then coaled for the 
Pennsylvania furnaces at $50 per month for 
two years. In 1878 he was elected sheriff of 
Huntingdon county on the Republican ticket, 
with a majority of 377 over two opponents, 
Know-Xothing and Democratic. He was 
three years in office, and retired from it with 
the pleasant consciousness of having done his 

duty faithfully and efiiciently. In 1881 he 
embarked in the charcoal and lumber busi- 
ness, which he carried on successfully for sev- 
eral years. He bought the homestead in is So, 
and now cultivates over 130 acres in Jackson 
townshii^, besides two farms of 255 and 250 
acres respectively, in Barree toAvmship. He 
has 87 acres of timber land, from which he 
obtains wood for the manufacture of charcoal; 
300 acres near Saulsburg, and a half interest 
in 1,600 acres in Barree and West townships. 
Hard work, good business management and 
well-earned success — such is in brief the rec- 
ord of Mr. Irvin's business life. As has been 
intimated, he is a Republican; he has always 
been interested in politics. He is a member 
of Post Xo. 44, G. A. R., at Huntingdon, Pa.; 
also of the I. O. O. F. 

Samuel H. Irvin was man-ied in Hunting- 
don, April 17, 1867, to Maria, daughter of 
George W. Glazier, of that borough. Their 
children are: George il., in the railroad em- 
l)loy at Altoona, Pa.; Cora M. (Mrs. Willard 
Lamberson), of Iowa; Alfred T., in the 
electric light company's employ at Hunting- 
don; Annie K. (Mrs. John Bigelow), now of 
Barree township; ]\Iargaret B., residing in 
Tennessee; John Edgar, on the homestead; 
ilary Bessie, at home; James H., at home; 
Walter, died young. Mr. Irvin has been a 
deacon, and is an elder in the Presbyterian 
church ; is always deeply interested in church 
affairs, and is a Sunday-school worker. 
Knowing the difiiculties that beset those who 
are working their way in the world, he has 
always been friendly to such as were in need, 
and ha- iiiadr liis own enterprises serve many 
iipldvment to the industrious and 

bv -i 

JOHX C. BARR, :\I. D., McAlevys 
Fort, Huntingdon county. Pa., was born in 
Jackson township, August 4, 1854, son of 
Daniel and ]\[artha (Edmeston) Barr. The 
Barrs are Scotch-Irish liy descent. Samuel 
Barr, the Doctor's grandfather, who was born 
in County Donegal, Ireland, came to America 
with his parents; his father, Robert Barr, is 
luiried on the family homestead. Samuel 
Barr owned and cultivated a farm of 200 
acres. He belonged to the old Whig party. 
At the age of forty, he married Lydia Wills, 
of Jackson township. Their children were: 
Robert; Gabriel; Samuel; James; David; 



Lydia; Jane; Mary; Elizabeth (Mrs. Oburu); 
and Dauiel. Samuel Ban- was a member of 
the United Presbyterian chmx-h; he lived to 
the age of ninety-oue; he and his wife both died 
on the homestead. Ilis son, Daniel Barr, the 
Doctor's father, was educated in the common 
school and subscription schools; he grew up 
on his father's farm, and remained there all 
his life, tilling the land and raising stock. He 
was a home-loving man, but did not on that 
account fail in interest in the affairs of the 
community. He was a Whig, and was active 
in township matters; was esteemed for his 
merits and intelligence. He was a member of 
the United Presbyterian church. His wife, 
ilartha Edmeston, was born in Juniata coun- 
ty. Their children are: Samuel W., died 
young; Joseph, resides on the homestead; 
Lytlia E. (Mrs. John E. McGill), of Jackson 
to\\Tiship; Dr. John C. ; Mary E., died at the 
age of seventeen; Eliza J., died aged thirty- 
four; Sarah K., wife of William Cummins, 
merchant, of McAlevys Fort. Daniel Barr 
died on the homestead in 1865. 

John C. Barr first attended the common 
school of the township ; he continued to do so 
until, at sixteen, he entered the Stone Val- 
ley Academy for a year's study. From the 
age of ten, he was practically familiar with 
farm duties, his vacation times being occupied 
\^dth labor on the homestead. To this he re- 
turned at the end of his academic course, and 
filled with agricultural work the years be- 
tween seventeen and twenty-eight. Then he 
began reading medicine with Dr. J. C. Cum- 
mins, and two years later, matriculated at 
the University of Maryland, in Baltimore. 
After attending one year's lectures, he re- 
turned to his home, and read two years more; 
then back to the medical school, from which 
he graduated in 1889. He then made a short 
stay at home, after which he attended a course 
at the Jefferson Medical College, Philadel- 
phia, and took its diploma in 1890. His prac- 
tise has been in his own neighborhood, and 
extends far beyond ^McAlevys Fort, over a 
considerable part of the valley. He has been 
physician for the poor in three townships, 
Jackson, Barre and ililler. Dr. Barr, from 
the boy helper on the farm, has thus made 
his own way to a position of influence and re- 
sponsibility. He has worked diligently with 
hands and with brain, making his bodily toil 
subserve his intellectual development, and 
supplementing by judicious reading his rather 

slender educational advantages. He takes 
some part in the activities of the township; 
has been judge and clerk of elections, assessor, 
etc. He is a member of Grange ISTo. 951, P. 
of H. The Doctor is a Republican. 

Dr. Barr was married in Jackson township, 
December 28, 1870, to Mary E., daughter of 
John A. and Agnes (Cummins) Wilson, born 
in Barree to^^^lship, November 15, 1855. Her 
father is a farmer in Jackson township. Their 
children are: John W., school teacher; Azile 
C, attending school; May and Jvme, died in 
infancy; Laura A. ; and Roy, died in infancy. 
The Doctor and wife are members of the 
United Presbyterian church, and he is active 
in church business. 

JAMES EWIXG, Ennisville, Huntingdon 
county, Pa., was born near House's tannery. 
Perry county. Pa., March 15, 1845, son of 
Anthony and Mary A. (Johnston) Ewing. 
His grandfather, William Ewing, was born in 
Scotland, came to America when a young 
man, and settled in Perry county, where he 
followed his calling of tailoring all his life. 
William Ewing married a Miss Wesley; their 
children are : Joseph ; Daniel ; William ; Arm- 
strong; James; John; Anthony; Mary; and 
Hannah. Mr. Ewing was an old line Whig. He 
belonged to the Methodist Episcopal church. 
He died in Perry county. Anthony Ewing re- 
ceived a good education. He was a miller and 
carried on that business in Perry county, then 
in Juniata, and lastly at Mount Union, Hunt- 
ingdon coimty. He was a Democrat. Anthony 
Ewing was married in Perry county to Mary 
A., daughter of William Johnston, a weaver 
of German descent. The children of Mr. and 
Mrs. Ewing are: David, died in 1841; James; 
John, of Mount Union; Rachel, deceased, 
wife of Samuel Marshman; Hannah J., de- 
ceased; Mary A. (Mrs. James McKinstry), 
of Huntingdon county; Anthony, deceased; 
and Elizabeth (ilrs. Howard Stump), residing 
near Mill Creek, Pa. ]\Irs. Ewing died at 
Mount Union in September, 1890, and Mr. 
Ewing in October, 1895. They were mem- 
bers of the [Methodist Episcopal church. 

James Ewing received his education in the 
public schools of Juniata county. His calling 
throughout life has been milling. He was 
first engaged with James Van Ormer, near 
MiflSin; afterwards he was in the Spruce 
Creek mills, and with the Isenberg Milling 


Lyilia; Jmjic-; .Mr 

lii^i: ., He 

was M that 

at-r t" tlie 

coi! ledve 

iv ^ "ir liis 

ber of 
. wife, 

; 11 are; ISujuuei \V. 
-sides on tli<? lioiii^ 

uE. McGill), of JarKS,:, 

:a C; Mary E., died at tli' 

F.liza J., died aged thirty 

ife of "Williaiu Cuinmius, 

lui . Mevys Fort. Daniel Barr 

du-l . -, ad in 1805. 

Joiai U. Larr tirst attended the common 
scliool of the township; he continued to do so 
nntil, at sixteen, he entered the Stone Val- 
ley Academy for a year's stiidy. From the 
age of ten, he was practically familiar with 
farm duties, his vacation times heing occupied 
with, labor on the homestead. To this he re- 
turned at the end of his academic com'se, and 
filled with agricultural work the years be- 
tween seventeen and twenty-eight. Then he 
began reading medicine with Dr. J. C. Cum- 
mins, and two years later, matriculated at 
the University of Maryland, in Baltimore. 
After :nt,'jidini;- one year's lectures, he re- 
iii-ne.i 1.. i,;~ li.itiir, ;iii<l read two veal's more; 
;. :•;■ !■ ' ■ M-,-i''':il scliool, from which 
!• then made a short 
lie attended a course 
1 College, Philadel- 
; in 1890. Hisprac 
': neighborhood, ami 
Vlevys Fort, over a 
alley. He has been 
ill three township.?, 
r. Dr. Barr, from 
irm, has thus made 
nl influence and re- 
s]ioi, ked diligently with 

hfin : !dng his bodily toil 

snliserv I t •. :ircni:ii development, and 
sujiplemcntiiig by judicious reading his rather 

i, national advantages. He takes 

ill the activities of the township; 

• n judge and clerk of elections, assessor, 

lie is a member of Grange No. 951, P. 

ti. The Doctor is a Republican. 

1 *r. Barr was married in Jackson township, 

December 28, 1876, to Mary E., daughter of 

John A. and Agnes (Cummins) Wilson, born 

in Barree towTiship, Xovember 15, 1855. Her 

father is a farmer in Jackson to^vnship. Their 

children ai-e : John "\V., school teacher; Azile 

C, attending school; May and June, died in 

infancy; Laura A.; and Roy, died in infancy. 

The Doctor and wife are members of the 

Cnited Presbyterian church, and he is active 

ill .-1 ;'.,•,•)] liusincss. 

>'G, Ennis\dlle, Huntingdon 

om near Hense's tannery, 

. , March 15, 1845, son of 

(Johnston) Ewing. 


:i Ewing, was born in 


rica when a young 


.. i'erry county, where he 


^ of tailoring all his life. 


. .• .Mdmed 1 ^r; ., v,-.„i„^. their 



•J'tSfph; J , Anu- 



-«: -I-hn- .; uiid 


... Wing. He 


• opal church. 


..■'Viy E mug re- 


lie was a miller and 


> Perry coimty, then 

in J 

■ . ... Mount Union, Hunt- 


was a Democrat. Anthony 


1 if! Por»-^- '-Aunty to Mary 


on, a weaver 


11 of Mr. and 


!S41; James; 


lel, deceased. 


Jimah J., de- 

..,..;,- ^fcKinstry), 

.Vnthonj', deceased; 

.lid Stump), residing 

• ii-s. Ewing died at 

11, 1890; and Mr. 


They were mem- 


..^l E[iiseopal church, 
eivcd his education in the 

pul :. 

.. uuiata county. His calling 


me has been milling. He was 

first enpage< 

1 with James Van Oriner, near 

Mifflin : 

afterwards he was in the Spruce 

Creek mills, 

and with, the Isenberg Milling 

vAAAA/Trr-djLi (XA-'y-<A,Ai^ 



Company, of Huntingdon. In 189-i he 
business in Cummins ville, Jackson township. 
'Mr. Ewing is a stockholder in the Isenberg 
Milling Company. He is a Kepublican, and 
a member of the A. O. U. W., of Huntingdon, 
Pa. Mr. Ewing has been a very industrious 
worker all his life, and has well earned his 
present prosperity. He is a genial companion, 
and is much esteemed. When a boy, at Port 
Eoyal, he had the misfortune to cut off the in- 
dex finger of his left hand. 

The marriage of James Ewing to Sarah C. 
Souder took place in Juniata county in 1871. 
Their children were: James E.; and Clark, 
both of whom died young. Mrs. Ewing died 
near Lock Haven, Pa., in September, 1890. 
Mr. Ewing was married again in 1893, to 
Annie, daughter of J. E. Cree, employed at 
the Eef ormatory ; she is a native of Hunting- 
don. Their children are: Xathan B.; and 
James E. Mr. Ewing is a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal church, a Sunday-school 
teacher and superintendent; has been class 
leader for twenty-one years. He takes a deep 
interest in church affairs. 

JAilES BIGELOW, M. D.. McAlevys 
Fort, Huntingdon county, Pa., was born at 
Belleville, Mifflin county. Pa., September 28, 
181:4, son of Eliphaz and Elizabeth (Fife) 
Bigelow. Dr. Israel Bigelow, his grandfather, 
was a native of Vermont, of Scotch descent; 
he settled in Plain City, O., where he prac- 
tised medicine for the remainder of his life. 
He was first married August 22, 1774, to 
Eunice Kathron ; their children were : Israel 
J.; Isaac; Lebbeus L.; Daniel K. ; Eunice; 
Dolly; Eliphaz; and Mary. Mrs. Bigelow 
died at Plain City, in Augiist, 1825. Dr. 
Bigelow married again; his second wife was 
Polly Clippinger; they had one child, Timo- 
thy. By a third union there were two chil- 
dren: Hosea; and Chamberlain. Dr. Israel 
Bigelow died at Plain City, May 28, 1838. 
Eliphaz Bigelow, fifth son of Dr. Israel, read 
medicine with his father and his brother. Af- 
ter practising at Millheim, Centre county. Pa., 
and at Belleville, he came to Jackson town- 
ship in 1854, and continued in practise. He 
owned a farm of 250 acres, besides two other 
farms, one in Barree, the other in Jackson 
to^vnsliip. He had property also in IMifflin 
county. Dr. Eliphaz Bigelow was one of the 
first physicians that resided in the township; 

he is remembered as having a very large prac- 
tice. He was an excellent judge of horses, 
which he bought and sold, besides dealing in 
cattle. He had a particular pi-eference for 
swift horses, and rode a great deal. Eliphaz 
Bigelow was a Democrat; he was a noted 
character, well known to everybody in a large 
extent of country, and cordially esteemed. 
He was three times married; his first wife 
was Elizabeth Stueky, a native of Dauphin 
county. Pa. Their children are: Israel, of 
McAlevys Fort; Dr. John S., deceased; 
Benjamin F.; Eliphaz, died young. Mrs. 
Elizabeth Bigelow died in Mifflin county. 
The Doctor's second wife was Elizabeth Fife, 
a native of Brady township, Huntingdon 
county. Their children are: Mary (Mrs. 
Samuel Johnston), deceased; Lebbeus, de- 
ceased; jSi^ancy (Mrs. Silas Miller), of Kansas; 
Lewis, postmaster at McAlevys Fort; Dr. 
James; and Rebecca, deceased, -wife of Clay 
Hagans, of Jackson township. The mother 
of these children dying in 1846, at Belleville, 
Dr. Bigelow married Leah Weidman, and had 
four children: Jacob W., of Jackson to-rni- 
ship; Dr. Bro-wn A., of Belleville; Barbara, 
died in childhood ; and Francesca (Mrs. John 
Harman), of Barree township. The Doctor 
died in Jackson township in October, 1868; 
his wife is still a resident of McAlevys Fort. 
James Bigelow attended the public schools 
of Belleville, Mifflin county, and of Jackson 
township, Huntingdon county. He worked 
on his father's farm until he reached the age 
of seventeen. He then learned blacksmithing; 
while working at this trade, he enlisted at 
Belleville, in Company C, Forty-fifth Penn- 
sylvania Volunteers, Cols. "Walsh and Curtin, 
and Capt. Bigelow; the latter is now a doctor 
at Stormstown, Centre county. James Bige- 
low was in the battles of Fredericksburg, Va., 
Blue Spring, Tenn., Tennessee Station, the 
Siege of Knoxville and the battle of the Wil- 
derness. In the last-named engagement, he 
was captured and taken to Andersonville, 
May 6, 1864. For seven months he was in 
prison; treated cruelly, and suffering much; 
he lost more than sixty pounds of weigltt 
during his imprisonment. He was discharged 
December 7, 1864, but was on parole up to 
the time of Lee's surrender, after which he 
joined his regiment in camp, but was in no 
more engagements. He was in the grand re- 
view at Washington, and was discharged Jidy 



15, 1865. In 1866, he worked on the farm, 
and began the study of medicine with his 
father; he also spent six months in studying 
with Dr. William Bigelow, at Belleville. In 
the following year, he studied and practised 
with his father in Jackson township, after 
which he attended lectures in the medical de- 
partment of the University of Pennsylvania, 
Philadelphia, where he graduated in 1868. 
lie then returned to his home, where he has 
ever since practised, and has an extensive cir- 
cle of patients. Dr. Bigelow is a member of 
Cummins Post, Xo. 380, G. A. R., of Jackson 
township. He is a Democrat. Having been 
a resident of McAlevys Fort for twenty- 
seven years, he is greatly interested in toA\Ti- 
ship and county affairs. He has built a fine 
dwelling, at a cost of $1,700; owns a farm of 
185 acres, and 85 acres of pasture land, and 
has beeu to some extent interested in raising 
horses and cattle. 

Dr. James Bigelow was married in 1867, 
in Jackson township, to Sarah, daughter of 
John Cummins, farmer, of Jackson township, 
where she was born in October, 1844. Their 
children are: John, farmer, of Barree town- 
ship; Ada Zillah (Mrs. Thomas McCall), of 
Portage, Cambria county. Pa.; Eliphaz, 
farmer; Claudia (Mrs. Clarence A. Jackson), 
Charles "W".; and Frank. Mrs. Bigelow is 
a member of the United Presbyterian church. 

Fort, Huntingdon county, Pa., was born in 
Jackson townshi]!, Xnvfiiibfr 19, 1865, son 
of "Wesley and ('iitlnriiir ( .McAlevy) Miller. 
Joseph Miller, his gi-aud father, was of Ger- 
man descent, and was born in Cumberland 
county. Pa., whence he removed to Jackson 
township, Huntingdon county, took up some 
land, and went to farming and stock raising. 
He also cultivated some land in that part of 
Barree township which is now Miller town- 
ship. He was also to some extent engaged in 
the lumber business, and other interests. He 
was a Democrat. Joseph Miller married in 
Barree to^v^lship; his children ai-e: Dorothy, 
Samuel; John; Henry; Cyrus; and Wesley. 
He died in Miller, then Barree township, in 
1853; his wife in 1863. They belonged to the 
IMcthodist Episco])al chm-ch. He was liked and 
respcefed. His youngest son, Wesley Miller, 
attended the common schools. He began ac- 
tive life on the farm, where he spent the 

greater part of it. He rented several farms 
in Jackson township, and finally bought one, 
containing 400 acres, on which he erected 
buildings and made other improvements. He 
^Iso built a steam saw-mill and manufactured 
lumber, besides gi^^ing some attention to rais- 
ing stock. He was a Democrat, and being in- 
terested in the affairs of the community, was 
elected to office in his township, serving on 
the school board, as supervisor of roads, and 
in some minor positions. He was warmly at- 
tached to his home, was popular with his 
neighbors, and enjoyed general esteem. 
Wesley Miller was married in Jackson town- 
ship; his wife, Catharine McAlevy, was born 
in that township in December, 1837, daughter 
of Samuel and great-granddaughter of Gen- 
eral ^McAlevy, who established the fort from 
which tlie town is unuied. Their children are: 
Alda ]\I. (!Mrs. Samuel Williamson), on the 
homestead; William M. ; and Anna S., who 
died at the age of twenty-three. Wesley Mil- 
ler was a member of the United Presbyterian 
church. He died September 16, 1894. 

William M. ^Miller was educated in the com- 
mon school of his township and at Standing 
Stone Valley Academy, from which he grad- 
uated in 1885. Being an industrious youth, 
he made himself useful on the farm at the 
early age of ten, and continued to do so in 
the vacations throughout his school and aca- 
demic days. After graduation, Mr. Miller 
taught for a year in the township common 
school, and then for five years was assistant 
teacher at the academy, employing his vaca- 
tions now in the study of medicine. He read 
with Dr. Couch, of McAlevys Fort, until the 
fall of 1886, when he matriculated at the Jef- 
ferson Medical College of Philadelphia; he 
graduated in 1889. Dr. Miller was a close 
student, reading medicine during the vaca- 
tions of his medical school; he also "walk- 
ed the hospital" for three months, in Phila- 
delphia, after which he commenced practise 
at McAlevys Fort, where he has ever since 
continued, having had the good fortune not 
always attainable by young practitioners, of 
winning the confidence of his own neighbor- 
hood. He enjoys an extensive practise, and 
has performed with success some imjiortant 
operations. Dr. ]\Hller adheres to the Demo- 
cratic party. 

His marriage tn .\nna S.. daughter of 
James :\la£^ill.' a farmer (if S,'ot,-h-Trish de- 



scent, residiug in Jackson towushiiD, took jjlace 
in December, 1SS9. They have one child, 
James W., born January 12, 189-4. Dr. Mil- 
ler is a member of the United Presbytei'ian 
church, warmly attached to the church, and 
active in her affairs. He teaches in the Sun- 
day-school, and has moi-e than once represent- 
ed his congregation in the Presbytery. 

WILLIAM CRAK;, (hvnnv 1 Furnar.., 

Huntingdon county, Pa., was honi in IJlonni- 
iield, Blair county, Pa., June 15, 1S4S, son 
of John A. and Barbara A. (White) Craig. 
His father and grandfather were natives of 
Virginia; the Craig family is of English ori- 
gin. ]\Ir. Craig's grandfather, also named 
AVilliam, was a wagon-maker and house car- 
penter; he removed from Virginia to Big 
Cove Tannery, Fulton county. Pa., and there 
carried on wagon-making on an extensive 
scale. He was a Democrat. He was marrifd 
in Virginia, and had six children: William; 
John A.; Jackson; Mary; Rachel; and Effie. 
Mr. Craig was a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church. He died in 1876. 
John A. Craig received a common school 
education. He worked iu blast furnaces; 
was cngaiii'd at this labor successively iu 
Fulton, Bhiir, Mifflin and Huntingdon coun- 
ties. JIc was also employed for a part 
of his time as a charcoal burner. His wife, 
Barbara A. Wliite, whom he married in 
Fulton county, was born in that county in 
1819. Mr. Craig is a Democrat. His church 
connection is with the Baptist denomination. 
He is a quiet and iTnassuiiiiui:- gentleman, and 
enjoys the hearty respect and uudd will of 
his acquaintances. He resiiK's with his son 
and only child, William Craig, at (ircenwood 

William Craig (2) attended for a very lim- 
ited time the public school at Mill Creek, 
Huntingdon county. He began business life 
as a laborer for the Logan Iron and Steel 
Company, at Logan, MitHin county, Pa., in 
1808. He was appointed their foreman in 
1873, and in 1893 was promoted to be man- 
ager at Greenwood Funiace, which is his pres- 
ent position. His good judgment and faithful 
performance of duty have left the company 
no cause to regret the appointment. Sobriety 
and industry and intelligent effort at mental 
improvement have marked Mr. Craig's course 
and ensured his prosperity. He has spent 
twenty-five years in the enqiloy of the Logan 

Iron and Steel Company. He is a Democrat; 
is a member of F. and A. M., No. 203, Lewis- 
town, Pa.; of the I. O. O. F., Xo. 97, Lewis- 
town, and of the Encampment, I. O. R. il., 
Xo. 67, Le\vistown. 

William Craig Avas married in MitHin coun- 
ty, in June, 1869, to Ada Deannant, a native 
of Huntingdon ; their children are : Mary M. ; 
]\raud, deceased; John M., employed in the 
store at Greenwood Furnace; and one that died 
in infancy. Mrs. Ada Craig died in 1879. 
Mr. Craig, two years later, married her sister, 
Jennie E. Dearmant. He is a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal church. 

Furnace, Huntingdon county. Pa., was born 
at ililroy, Mifflin county. Pa., December 8, 
ISfiO, .son of William J. and Sarah H. (Law- 
rence) Thompson. William J. Thompson, 
also a native of Milroy, was the son of William 
Thompson, who was born in Mifflin county, 
of a Scotch-Irish family. He was a farmer 
and stock raiser, who owned, improved and 
cultivated 400 acres of land. He was an old 
line Whig. In the Presbyterian church, of 
which he was a consistent member, he occu- 
pied the offices of deacon and elder. He had 
many friends in the community. He married 
Sarah McManigle, a lady of Scotch-Irish de- 
scent; their children were: Sydney; Moses 
R.; Ner; Sarah; Ira; and William J. Mr. 
Thompson died on the homestead, and his wife 
at Lcwistown. William J., their youngest 
son, enjoyed a common school training, and 
also was a student in an academy in Jimiata 
county. Up to the time of his maiTiage he 
worked on his father's farm. Then he en- 
gaged in mercantile business at Milroy, in 
partnershi]3 with one of his brotliers; after 
giving his attention to this business for some 
time, he sold out and became ticket agent for 
the Pennsylvania Railroad Company at Mil- 
roy. Some years later he was promoted to 
the position of baggagemaster. In every posi- 
tion he displayed most estimable qualities, and 
in consequence was regarded by his employers 
and acquaintances with respect and good will. 
Ilis wife, Sarah H. Lawrence, was born in the 
southern part of New Jersey; their children 
are: Kate L. ; and Willard H. William J. 
Thompson died from the effects of a railroad 
accident, in 1877; ^Irs. Thompson died April 
14, 1S94. He was a Re]iublican, and ad- 



hered to the Preslivtcrian churcli, in which 
he was brought up. 

"Willard H. Thompson was educated in the 
public scliools of Mifflin county, Pa. His first 
business engagement was as clerk in the store 
of his imcle; this lasted three yeai-s. At the 
age of eighteen he found employment with the 
Logan Iron and Steel Company, in the capa- 
city of clerk in their store; this position he 
occupied for eleven years; afterwards, for 
three years, he was clerk in a store at Everett, 
Bedford county. Pa. He came next, in De- 
cember, 1893, to Greenwood Furnace, as as- 
sistant manager for the Logan Iron and Steel 
Company; he has since that time continued 
to fulfill the duties of the position with credit 
to himself and to the satisfaction of the com- 
pany. Mr. Thomi^son is a member of the I. 
O. O. F. He is a Eepublican; has been as- 
sessor of Jackson townshii^. He is a good citi- 
zen, well liked and much respected. 

The marriage of Willard H. Thompson to 
Jennie Garrett, a native of Huntingdon coun- 
ty, took place in July, lS9i. 

JEKRY T. McCAETXEY, postmaster of 
Greenwood Furnace, Huntingdon county, Pa., 
was born at Burnliam, Mitfiin county, Pa., 
July 13, 1867, son of John and Mary (Dear- 
mant) McCartney. His grandfather, James 
[McCartney, was of a Scotch-Irish family, but 
was a native of Pennsylvania. He was a 
farmer and stock raiser, of the central part 
of the State. He adhered to the old line Whig 
party, and was a member of the Lutheran 
church. His children were: Mary A.; An- 
thony; Jeremiah; Alfred; John; and one that 
died in early childhood. Both James McCart- 
ney and his wife died at Burnham, Mifflin 
county. John McCartney, their fourth son, 
received a common school education, and en- 
tered upon the same occupations as his 
father's. He also drove a stage between Lew- 
istown, ^lifilin county, and Snyder county, 
in which employment he spent the best part 
of his life. He had charge of the stables of 
the Logan Iron and Steel Company, and also 
carried the mail between Lewistown and 
Burnham. He was a Republican. His wife, 
Mary J. Dearmant, was born in Miller town- 
ship in 1826; their children are: Annie, who 
died young; William, deceased; Jeremiah; 
and a child that died in infancy. John Mc- 
Cartney died at Burnham in 1871. He was 

eteemed for his many good qualities. He w^as 
an industrious and faithful worker, and was 
a member of the L\itheran church. His wife 
survives him, and resides with her son Jerry 
at Greenwood Furnace. 

It is at that place that Jerry McCartney 
has been employed ever since he entered his 
teens, rising from the position of a laborer, at 
fifty cents a day, which he obtained when he 
left school, to that of manager of Store Xo. 2 
of the Logan Iron and Steel Company, which 
responsible post he holds at present. He con- 
tinued in the former position for four years, 
and then at sixteen was emj^loyed to break 
stone at the furnace, his wages being increased 
to twenty dollars per month. *\fter six years 
of steady work, he was assigned to the place 
of clerk in the store, which he filled for three 
years; then, in 1893, he was made manager. 
He has also for several years had charge of 
the post-office. Mr. McCartney enjoys the 
confidence and kind regards of laoth the com- 
pany and its employees. He is a self-educated 
man, and has attained to his present position 
by means of unremitting and honorable atten- 
tion to business. i\Ir. McCartney is a Demo- 
crat. The appreciation of his fellow-citizens 
is manifested in his having been elected school 
director for a three years' term, and district 
assessor f gr a term of two years. He is a mem- 
ber of Lodge Xo. 203, F. and A. M., Lewis- 
town, Pa. 

The man-iage of Jerry ilcCartney to 
Amanda, daughter of Joseph Grifiith, an em- 
ployee at the furnace, took place at Greenwood 
Furnace in J\Iay, 1892. Their children are: 
John M. ; Charles F. ; and Thomas Bailey. 
Mr. McCartney is a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church and was trained in its Sun- 

JOHX A. WILSOX, McAlevys Fort, 
Huntingdon county, Pa., was born in Cam- 
bria county. Pa., January 27, 1820, son of 
Robert and Mary (Anderson) AVilson. The 
Wilson family is of Scotch-Irish origin. 
George Wilson, grandfather of John A., was 
born in Ireland; emigrating from that co\in- 
try, he came to America, and settled near 
Petersburg, Pa. He was a farmer and stock 
raiser. He took part in the Revolutionary 
war, and among the traditions of the family 
are his encounters with Indian marauders, 
near Shavers Creek. He was a Democrat. 
George Wilson was married to Margerie Col- 



well, of Huntingdon county. Their children 
are: David; James; Robert; Rachel; Marga- 
ret; Jane;;uid Marv. Mr. and Mrs. Wilson both 
died on the hDiin-sti-ad, in the comfortable log 
dwelling whii'li lie had built. He also erected 
a barn. Mr. AVilson was a member of the 
United Presbyterian church. Robert, their 
third son, after a few years attend- 
ance at school, turned his attention to 
farming, in which business he continued 
all his life. He was thus engaged suc- 
cessively at Shavers Creek, Huntingdon 
county; in Cambria county. Pa.; again at 
Sliavt'rs Creek; then in CcTitrc cuiiiify. Pa., 
wlicrc he also undertook stock rai<iim, ami 
where he .lied in 1852. Robert Wilson was a 
Democrat. His wife, whom he married in 
Cambria county, was Mary, daughter of An- 
drew Anderson, of that county, and like the 
Wilsons, of Scotch-Irish descent. Their chil- 
dren are: Margaret, deceased, wife of Ennis 
Wilson: Andrew, of Jackson township; Dan- 
id, ,l,vra«Ml; John A.; Geor-v, a vtcraii ^ol- 
diiT, (if .lackson township; Rolici't, (IcccasiMJ; 
Mary J., deceased, wife of David Hendershot, 
who died while serving in the United States 
army. Mrs. Robert Wilson died in Centre 
county in 1835. Mr. Wilson was a Presby- 
terian; he was all his life a steady and diligent 
Worker, faithful to duty, and enjoying the re- 
spect and e-teem due to his solid and conscien- 

Although enjoying only limited edu- 
cational opportunities, attending no institu- 
tion of higher grade than the Huntingdon 
county common schools, John A. Wilson 
succeeded through natural endowments and 
persevering application, in making fair acqui- 
sitions of knowledge. He worked for the 
neighboring farmers for fotir dollars per 
month when only twelve years of age, but 
continued to attend school during the winter. 
In the following year, his Avages rose to seven 
dollars per month; after working for two 
years he had saved the sum of seventy-five dol- 
lars, which he lent to a neighbor. The bor- 
rower failing in business, Mr. Wilson lost the 
greater part of his hard earned money. He 
was employed by different farmers "during 
nineteen years, nine of which he spent with 
John C. Davis and Jacob Hunter, of Hunt- 
ingdon county. After this, with a small sum 
which he had saved, Mr. Wilson bought 150 
acres on Warriors Ridge, where he remained 
four yeai-s, making improvements on the 

place. He then sold that property and 
bought 250 acres in Jackson townshi]i, on 
which he built a barn. There was a dwelling 
on the land, which he improved. After a resi- 
dence of twenty-four years in that place, Mr. 
Wilson sold the faiin, and bought the place 
known as the "James Barr farm," contain- 
ing 130 acres; leaving that property in the 
care of his son, he bought a house at Mc- 
Alevys Fort, and for four years lived at 
leisure. In 1885 he removed to his present 
home, which has since been his continual 
place of residence. A life of honorable and 
unremitting toil lias fairlv entitled Mr. Wil- 


le ease and leis- 
tliey are enjoy- 


John A. Wilson was married in Janiiary, 
185-1:, in Jackson township, to Agnes, daugh- 
ter of Robert and Mary (Sterrett) Cummins, 
both of Scotch-Irish descent. Mr. Cummins 
was a farmer. They were members of the As- 
,~..ciate I'rc^liyterian church. The children of 
.Mr. and Mrs. Wilson are: Mary E., wife of 
John C Ban-, M. D., of McAlevys Fort; 
Robert C, farmer, of Jackson township, mar- 
ried Laura Agnes Barr, and has four children. 
Mr. Wilson has served not only his own and 
his family's interests, but those of the com- 
munity and the church. He is a Rejjublican, 
lias been chosen as supervisor and as audi- 
tor, and has also served on the school board. 
He is a member of the United Presbyterian 
church, and besides contributing $10 annually 
for church purposes, he also subscribed $500 
to the building of the present house of wor- 

DAVID S. CU^Tj^TlXGHAM, Ennisville, 
Huntingdon county. Pa., was born in Barree 
township, Huntingdon county, March 7, 
1828, son of Richard and Sarah (Johnson) 
Cunningham. His grandfather, John Cun- 
ningham, was of Scotch parentage, but was a 
native of this county. He had farmed in 
Mifflin county. Pa., and before he purchased 
his land in Huntingdon, which comprised a 
farm of 300 acres in Miller township, then a 
part of Barree, besides a tract of 800 acres on 
Warriors Ridge. Od these properties he 
made various improvements, and was a farmer 
and stockman on an extensive scale. His wife 
Esther Robinson, was, like himself, of Scotch 
origin. Their children are: Elizabeth; Sarah; 
William, residing in tlie southern part of 



Huntingdon county; Robinson, married Miss 
McCauley, and has a sou, John, a resident of 
Logan township; Xancy; John, residing in 
one of the southern to\\Tiships of the county; 
Richard; and Josiah, married Anna Moore, 
and was formerly a merchant in Huntingdon. 
John Cunningham died on the homestead, in 
BaiTee toA\aiship, and his wife in the same 
place. They were Presbyterians. Mr. Cun- 
ningham adliered to the Democratic party. 

Richard Cunningham devoted his attention 
exclusively to farming and to raising and deal- 
ing in live stock. He farmed for thirty years 
in Ban-ee and Jackson tOAvnships. In the lat- 
ter toA\Tiship he owned and cultivated 200 
acres, on which he erected a dwelling and 
other necessary and convenient buildings. He 
had a high reputation as a judge and breeder 
of horses, as well as of cattle. He belonged to 
the old line "Whig, and later to the Republi- 
can party. 

Richard Cunningham was'married in Ban-ee 
township, to Sarah Johnston, a native of that 
toAvnship. Their children ai-e: David S.; 
Maiy, widow of John Gregory, of "West 
to'wnship; Margaret, widow of Thompson 
Martin, of Iowa; Sarah Jane, "wife of Le-nns 
Kingsbury; Elizabeth, widow of Samuel ISTeff, 
of Porter township ; James, deceased ; Samuel, 
deceased ; Penniuah, deceased ; and three who 
died in infancy. Some time before his death, 
which occurred in 1879, Mr. Cunningham 
relinquished active business. He passed his 
last years in retirement, at Ennis^-ille, where 
his wife also died in 1881. They were mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal church, and 
were valued in the church and the community. 

David S. Cunningham attended the sub- 
scription and public schools of Jackson town- 
sliip. From the time when he was nine years 
old he was employed in the cultivation of the 
home farm, which has been his life work. At 
the time of his marriage he took entire charge 
of the homestead, but he owns niTich more 
land than he received from his father. The 
original tract was 200 acres, but ilr. Cun- 
ningham o^Tis and has xinder cultivation 1,100 
acres. He was formerly ]iart owner of a flour 
mill at Cimiminsville. He has a great deal of 
land in timber. jMost of his farms are rented. 
Mr. Cunningham has built two new barns, 
three new buildings and other structures. He 
is besides interested in raising and dealing in 
stock. His success in business is the just due 

of unflagging industry, and of a progressive 
spirit held in proper check by caution and 
sound judgment. Mr. Cunningham is a Re- 
IJublican. He served one term in the school 
board of his township. 

The man-iage of David S. Cunningham to 
Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Miller, farmer 
of Miller township, Huntingdon county, took 
place in that township in 1865. The children 
of Mr. and Mrs. Cunningham are: Sarah 
(^Irs. Thomas McMalion), of BaiTee toAvn- 
ship; Alice, deceased; Bessie, deceased; John 
M.; David F., at home; and twin children 
wlio died in infancy. The elder son, Johii B. 
Cunningham, was born in August, 1871; he 
attended school in Jackson township, and was 
afterwards a pupil in the Stone "Talley Acad- 
emy. He is a farmer, and cultivates the 
homestead farm. He was married, January 
17, 1894, to Rhoda, daughter of Hugh Jack- 
son, of BaiTce township. She was bom in 
Jackson townshij"). They have a daughter, 
Helen, born in 1895. Mrs. David S. Cun- 
ningham, the faithful companion and helper 
of her husband for many years, died of diph- 
theria 'n\ Januai'y, 18S0. The family are 
connected with the ^lethodist Episcopal 
church; as a child Mr. Cunningham attended 
its seiwices, and was a pupil in its Sunday- 
school, and he has not v.-avered in his attach- 
ment to the church throuo'hout a long life. 

Fort, Huntingdon county. Pa., was born at 
Allenville, Miiflin county. Pa., December 5. 
1829. He is a son of James and Annie (Hor- 
rell) Gibboney. The Gibboney family is of 
"Welsh origin. Alexander Gibboney. grand- 
father of Benjamin A., was a native of Bucks 
county. Pa., born in a part of that county 
which is now included in Berks. He was in 
the Continental army during the Revolution, 
sen-ing in the commissary department. He 
was a manufacturer of woolen goods, and re- 
moved from Bucks county to a place near 
Belleville, then Greenwood, in Mifliin coun- 
ty. Here he started the first woolen factory 
in that part of the county. His home in IMif- 
flin county was a farm of thirty acres, which 
he owned. Alexander Gibboney was a Demo- 
crat of the early type. He was an active and 
enterprising business man. and of high stand- 
ing in the community. His wife was a ^liss 
Garver, of Berks count v, a ladv of (Jennan 



descent. Tliey had six children: Davis; Alex- 
ander; James; Benjamin; Jemima; and Sarai. 
Mr. Gibboney was a member of the Presby- 
terian church. He lived to the age of eighty- 
two. His remains are buried in the Presby- 
terian cemetery at Belleville. His son, James 
Gibboney, attended the subscription schools 
of Mifflin county, but was mainly self-edu- 
cated. He assisted his father in the woolen 
mills, but his chief occuimtion, and the one 
in which he Avas nearly all his life engaged, 
was that of furniture manufacturer. He was 
a Democrat. For one term, beginning Octo- 
ber 28, 1833, he was sheriff of Mifflin county, 
and for two terms, from February, 1839, pro- 
thonotary. James Gibboney was married in 
Mifflin county, to Annie, daughter of Chris- 
topher Horrell; she was bom in that county 
in 1801, and was of English descent. Her 
father was a hotel keeper. Their children 
were: Theodore, deceased; Louisa, deceased, 
wife of John Q. Adams, furnace manager; 
Sarah A., died yoimg; Benjamin A.; Cyn- 
thia, died young; Joseph, deceased; Alex- 
ander, deceased; James, of Company C, 
Forty-fifth Pennsylvania Volunteers, shot at 
Petersburg, Va., in the war of the Rebellion. 
The fathe'r died in Mifflin county, in ISil. 
His wife survived him until 1892, when she 
died at the age of ninety-one. She was an 
excellent woman, and had many friends. Both 
Mr. and Mrs. Gibboney were faithful mem- 
bers of the Prcsliytcrinii i-huvch, and took an 
active part in it- ciitcriiriscs. 

In his early linyliu.Ml. iJenjamin A. Gib- 
boney attended, during the winter sessions of 
three months, one of those primitive log 
school houses so well known to the older resi- 
dents of interior Pennsylvania. His first 
teacher was one George Fisher. His father 
dying when Benjamin was but twelve years 
old, he came under the care of his uncle, 
Alexander Gibboney, and very soon began to 
work in his uncle's woolen mill. He con- 
tinued to do so until 1858, spending in that 
employment over seventeen years. He then 
bought a mill in Jackson township, owned by 
Robert Stewart, one of the first settlers in that 
vicinity. For the mill and G2 acres of land 
Mr. Gibboney paid $-1,000, making a cash 
payment of $1,000, the amount of his savings 
while working in his uncle's mill, and going 
into debt for the remainder. Then began a 
life in the woods, a life of steady and dili- 

gent work, to which the presence of his wife 
and their little child supplied both cheer and 
incentive. All went on well and hopeful un- 
til 1866, when the mill was burned down, in- 
volving a loss of $10,000, no insurance. A 
new beginning must be made, this time with 
a still heavier burden of debt, the amount of 
$6,000. But with prompt and cheerful en- 
ergy affairs were soon moving on again. A 
fine factoiy on a larger scale was built, run by 
water power. Prosperity has crowned Mr. 
Gibboney's endeavors; his factory is in good 
working order, and his business relations are 
profitable. He employs seven hands, and uses 
the latest improvements in machinery. He 
also bought 60 acres of land, in addition to 
his foi'iiicr ]iiircliase; has built a dwelling 
worth •'^l.iino. and made other improvements. 
Mr. (i 11 ilii nicy's l(jng and honorable record 
has given him an en^dable position in the 
community. He has taken a considerable 
part in public affairs, having been school di- 
rector for one term, and tax collector of both 
county and State. He was also elected on his 
l^arty ticket, the Republican, as justice of the 
peace, and held the office for five years. He 
has, however, never gone to law on his own ac- 
count, never having had a case in court, nor 
a suit against man or woman. 

Benjamin A. Gibboney was married in 
Mifflin county, Pa., in 1856, to Martha, daugh- 
ter of Jacob Richwine, a cooper, and of Ger- 
man descent. Mrs. Gibboney was bom in 
ilifflin county in 1836. Their children are: 
Annie, died yoimg; James, who famis the 
homestead, is married to Elizabeth Smith, and 
has six children; William and Ellen, twins, 
of whom the former is employed in his father's 
mill, married Laura Davis, deceased, and has 
thi'ee children, and the latter was man-ied to 
John Weiler, of Jackson toAvnship, and died 
in 1889; Frank, emj^loyed in the mill, mar- 
ried Laura Bickett, has three children ; Benja- 
min, employed in the mill. The family be- 
long to the Presbyterian church. Mr. Gib- 
boney is attached to his church by the associa- 
tions of a lifetime, having been instructed in 
its Sunday-school in his childhood. 

Fort, Huntingdon county, Pa., was bora at 
"Westford, Chittenden county, Ya.. Decem- 
ber 15, 18-tO, son of Josephus and ilehitable 
(Osgood) Whipple. His grandfather, Jona- 


bioghai'iiical encyclopedia 

than Whipijle, was a native of Massachusetts, 
of Irish descent. Josephus Whipple was bom 
in Verinout in 1800, and lived and died in 
the same State. He was a carpenter, con- 
tractor and builder. His wife was the daugh- 
ter of Manasseh Osgood, a farmer, of Scotch- 
Irish extraction. Their children are: Pliny, 
professor of music, died in Vermont; George 
C, broker, of Chicago, 111.; Osgood :il.; Ed- 
ward J., contractor and builder, in jSTebraska; 
Edwin B., carriage builder, in Vermont; Jen- 
nie (Mrs. Moses Lytle), of Nebraska; and one 
that died in infancy. Mrs. Joseph Whipple 
died in Vermont, on the homestead where she 
had passed her life. Her husband also is de- 
ceased. Mr. Whipjole was a Republican. He 
was an honorable man, esteemed and respect- 
ed. Mrs. Whipple was a member of the Con- 
gTegational church. 

In the excellent common schools of Xew 
England, Osgood M. AVhipple received a good 
education. He began business life by learn- 
ing carpentry with his father, and was oc- 
cupied at this handiwork until 1861, when the 
call of the Union for defenders was heard 
throughout the land, and, like thousands of 
other young patriots, young Whipple re- 
sponded to it. He enlisted in September, 
1861, at Burlington, Vt., in Company A, 
First Vermont Cavalry, Colonel Piatt and 
Captain Piatt. He was with his regiment at 
Mount Jackson and Port Republic, and in 
Banks' retreat; was also in the battles of Win- 
chester and of Cedar Creek, and in all the 
engagements imder Kilpatrick before that 
general was ordered to the west. He took part 
in the battles of Gettysburg and of Falling 
Waters; was with Sheridan when he left Win- 
chester on his twenty days' raid; participated 
in the battles of Waynesburg, the Wilderness 
and Petersburg; was in Wilson's raid, and 
was also present at the surrender of Lee's 
army. Mr. Whipple was in the army for 
three years, in active and important services. 
At length, in a skirmish, he was thrown from 
his horse at Madison Court House, Va., and 
disabled, on which account he had leave of ab- 
sence. As a reward of his bi'avery and faith- 
ful sendee, he was promoted, first to be cor- 
poral of his company, and then to the post of 
regimental commissaiy sii-icant. He was in 
the grand review in \\'n-liiiii^i(in, D. C, at the 
close of the war, and rrc'rivod iiis discharge at 
Burlington, Yt., August 9, 1865. 

After this stirring, momentous chapter of 
his life was ended, Mr. Whipple came to 
Pennsylvania as traveling salesman for a 
medical work. In this employment he con- 
tiued for a year, and then returned to Ver- 
mont. A short time after, he went into part- 
nership with Pierson Lytle in the mercantile 
business, at Pine Grove Mills, Centre county. 
Pa. Three years later, the business changed 
hands, the firm selling out; ]Mr. Whipple 
and Mr. Lytle then entered into another part- 
nership, in Jackson to^\^lship, Ilimtingdon 
county, in the lumber business. This connec- 
tion had lasted four years, when Mr. Whipple 
sold his interest to his partner, and went in to 
the hotel business at Boalsburg, Centre coun- 
ty. Pa., where he spent three years, with a fair 
measure of success. He then conducted ho- 
tels successively in Lemont, Centre county, 
for a year and a half, and in Emlenton, Ve- 
nango county, Pa., for a year; he then re- 
turned to Jackson township, Huntingdon 
county, and bought his present property, tim- 
ber land, cleared land and mills. There are 
1,400 acres in all, 600 of which are cleared; 
the rest is in timber, which is manufactured 
into lumber at his mills. This purchase was 
made in 1878. The improvements made in 
the mills, where all kinds of lumber are turned 
out, have cost $1,500. Mr. Whipple formerly 
oAvned a farm in Centre county; this he has 
sold, but still owns lots at State College. He 
is an active, self-made business man, ^vith a 
good stock of enterprise, and very progressive 
in his ideas. From a lad with no resources 
except in himself, he has developed into a man 
of many and successful undertakings, involv- 
ing large sums of money. Mr. Whipple ad- 
heres to the Republican party. He has served 
the towiislii]) as clerk and as judge of elections; 
is also a iiiciiilicr and master of the Grange, 
and of i;.,l,crr Aston Post, ]S^. 600, G. A. R., 
Barree township. He has traveled extensive- 
ly, having visited on trips of business and 
pleasure half of the LTnited States and parts 
of Canada. 

Osgood ]\I. Whipple was married, May 16, 
1866, at Pine Grove, Centre county, to Jane 
P., daughter of Piersol Lytle, a farmer of that 
county. Mrs. Whipple was born at Boals- 
burg,' June 15, 1839. Their only child is 
Lydia ]\I., wife of Edward Duff, lumber man- 
ufacturer; has four chidren: Osgood R., 
Helen, James and Edna. ^Irs. Whipple was 



a devout .if tlic Lutlici-aii church, and 
died December, l^':',. Mr. \Vlii[iple was again 
united in marri;ii;v S.'iireiiiKer 24, 1896, to 
Susan Anspach, widow of tlie late V. B. Hirst, 
and daughter of Jacob and Catherine (Mover) 
Anspach, of Jackson to^vnship, the former de- 
ceased, the latter still surviving at the ad- 
vanced age of eighty-three, and residing in 
Jackson township. Mr. Whipple is now the 
projirietor of The McAlevj-s Fort Hotel, so 
well and favorably known to the traveling 

MORDEGAI DUFF, McAlevys Fort, 
Huntingdon county, Pa., was born iu Barree 
township, December 24, 1834, son of John 
and Barbara (Randolph) Duff. John Duff 
was born near Belleville, Mifflin county, Pa.; 
he was a son of John Duff, and brother of 
Reuben Duff, of Barree townshij). After a 
limited education, he began life on his father's 
farm; he aftei-\vards rented a farm in Barree 
to-\vnship, and he added to his profits by tak- 
ing jobs of work, such as chopping wood, etc. 
Having by labor and economy acquired some 
means, Mr. Duff bought the fanu on which 
his son Mordecai uow resides, and for which 
he paid $5,000 in 1842. A portion of the 
tract, some sixty acres, was in timber; only 
forty acres were cleared. He built two dwell- 
ings and barus, besides a saw-mill, which he 
either conducted himself or rented to others. 
Mr. Duff cleared fifty acres, and planted or- 
chards, besides making other improvements. 
John Duff' was married in Barree township; 
the family of his wife, Barbara Randolph, 
came from Holland; she was born in Dauphin 
county, Pa. Their children are: Jonathan, 
deceased, was a very clever lawyer, of Pontiac, 
111.; Mary, deceased, wife of Strong Camp- 
bell, of Illinois; Winifred (Mrs. Dr. D. 
Stewart), of Iowa City, la.; Mordecai; Ed- 
mund, a physician, died in Jackson townsliip; 
Margaret (Mrs. Robert iloiTell), of Ohio; and 
William, a physician of Hai-risburg, Pa. John 
Duff was a very stout and heavy person, lie 
was a sound Democrat, and was elected to 
various to\\aiship offices, auditor, school direc- 
tor, supervisor, etc. From both parents, the 
family received the most affectionate care; 
they not only worked hard to give their fam- 
ily a comfortable living and a good start in 
life, but afforded them as good an education 
as lay in their power. John Duff lived to the 

age of eighty-seven; he died iu August, 1893, 
and is buried in the Presbyterian church-yard 
in Jackson township. 

His second son, ilordecai Duff, was edu- 
cated in the common schools of Jackson town- 
ship. He never lived anywhere but upon the 
homestead, in the cultivation of which he was 
his father's assistant until the father was past 
the age for active business; he then took en- 
tire charge of the farm. He bought the home- 
stead in 1885, paying $5,000 for it. He has 
been all his life an industrious man, never 
avoiding hard work; by his farming opera- 
tions, and by raising and dealing in stock, he 
has made good profits, and secured a support 
for his family and a provision against his own 
declining years. Mr. Duff' is a Democrat ; he 
M'as for three years auditor of the townsliip. 
Fie belongs to the- G va-nge -^-^n^i is its gate- 
keeper. His worthy character, honorable 
dealings and genial manner have gained for 
him the respect and liking of his acquaint- 

ilordecai Duff was married in Barree town- 
ship, in 1863, to Margaret E., daughter of 
Jacob Smith, of that township. She was born 
in Centre county, and is of German descent. 
Their children are: Winifred (Mrs. John A. 
Weiler), of Jackson township; Wilbert O., 
theological student of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, at Ennisville, Pa.; Thomas J., attend- 
ing school; Edmund E. and Charles C, twins, 
at home; John S.; William R.; Evestell T.; 
and Ewan W. ; the four last named are all de- 
ceased. i\rr. Duff and family attend the 
Methodist church. 

WILLIA^il R. ORXER, ilcAlevys Fort, 
Huntingdon coimty, Pa., was born at Lewis- 
town, Mifflin county. Pa., September 22, 
1840. He is a son of William R. Orner, Sr., 
and ^Matilda (Brown) Orner. William R. Or- 
ner, Sr., was of German descent, and was a 
native of Lancaster, Pa. He was a black- 
smith, and followed that vocation in Hunting- 
don and at Lewistown, where he made his 
home. Besides the smithy, he had a shop for 
the manufacture of stage coaches. He was 
an excellent workman, and successful in busi- 
ness; he invested in real estate, owning several 
houses in Lewistown. His wife, to whom he 
was married in Lewistown, was a daughter of 
Thomas Brow7i, of Mifflin county, and of Irish 
extraction. They had three children: Mar- 



tlaa, deceased, wife of Charles McClenalian, 
of Milroy, Miffliu county; William E. ; aud 
Bella, wife of William Emerick, who is in 
railroad business at Altooua, Pa. William 
K. Orner, Sr., was a Democrat. He was a 
member of the ilethodist Episcopal church. 
He died in Lewistown in 1835. Mrs. Orner 
was married again, to Edward Hutchinson, 
shoemaker, of Himtingdon. Their only child 
is Calvin, who is employed, in railroad business, 
and resides at Harrisburg, Pa., where Mi-s. 
Hutchinson, now over eighty years of age, 
lives with him. Mr. Hutchinson died at Pat- 
terson, Mifflin county, in 1879. 

When Mr. W. R. Orner died his son and 
namesake was but tive years old. The child 
was placed in the care of Henry Kipe, who 
sent him to school. Mr. Kipe was a farmer, 
and William R. lived with him two years, do- 
ing such small tasks as he could upon the farm. 
For the next five years he was with Daniel 
Ebbs, of Centre county; there he began to 
learn blacksmithing, though still so small that 
he could not use the hammer on the anvil 
without standing on a block. He was next 
for one year clerk in the store of his uncle, 
Z. Orner, in Lewistown; then for eighteen 
months learning in the smithy of Samuel Da- 
vis, at Stood's Cross Roads; then again for 
six months in the Lewistown store, and again ■ 
for a short time with his former master. Mr. 
Orner next went to the State College, in Cen- 
tre county, where he remained one summer as 
nurseryman. His next place was at Millhall, 
and the next at Wasliiiii:tMii Furnace, Clinton 
county, Pa., where he riiruiincil for six months. 
He was then for a year at llcckley Furnace, 
Centre county. He then engaged with Mc- 
Coy & Linn, iron workers at Milesburg, Cen- 
tre county; here he worked until the war oi 
the Rebellion broke out. 

Li ]\Iarch, 1861, Mr. Orner enlisted for the 
three months' service, at Bellefonte, Centre 
county. Pa., in Company H, Second Pennsyl- 
vania Volunteers, Colonel Walsh and Capt. 
John Mitchell. He was on guard duty during 
the three months, was discharged at Han-is- 
burg. Pa., and returned to Bellefonte. He 
re-enlisted September 20, 1861, for three 
years, in Comjjany D, Forty-fifth Pennsyl- 
vania Volunteers, Colonel Walsh and Capt. 
Austin Cnrtin. During this time of enlist- 
ment ilr. Orner took part in several skir- 
mishes. He was wounded at Hilton Head, in 

his left arm, a ball passing through the shoul- 
der blade, and was discharged at the hospital 
in Harrisburg, September 23, 1862; he still 
sutlers from the effects of this wound. After 
this Mr. Orner resided for some time at Belle- 
fonte, where he resumed blacksmith work. In 
1874 he took up his residence in Jackson town- 
ship, Huntingdon county, where he purchased 
a farm of 75 acres, which he imjiroved, and 
cultivated it for fifteen years. He then sold 
this farm, and bought the "Flasher" farm, 
in 1890; this farm, too, he has improved, and 
here he is now engaged in farming and rais- 
ing stock. Thrown on the world when scarce- 
ly more than an infant, an orjDhan and without 
resources, Mr. Orner has with diligence and 
courage worked his way to a prosperous condi- 
tion, and holds a jjosition of respectability and 
influence. The usefulness of such workers, 
their achievements and their example, in time 
of peace, are of scarcely less value to the State 
than the patriotic services they render with 
so much of sacrifice and suffering in time of 
Avar. Mr. Orner is commander of D. Cum- 
mins Post, G. A. R., at McAlevys Fort. 
He is also a member of Gi-ange jSTo. 951, 
P. of H. He was auditor of Jackson township 
for one term, and served two terms in the 
school board. He is a Republican. 

William R. Orner was married December 
25, 1862, in Walker township. Centre coimty, 
Pa., to Elizabeth A., daughter of William and 
Mary (Gunsaulus) Cox; her father is of Eng- 
lish descent; her mother bears an old and 
well-known Spanisli lunne. The children ot 
Mr. and ^Irs. Orner arr: Annie ]\L, deceased, 
wife of William Dickson, of Jackson to\vn- 
ship; William R., collier, Jackson township; 
Harry L., in the railroad shops at Altoona, 
Pa.; Lillie E., died young; Martha M. (Mrs. 
David Bigelow); Clara B. (Mrs. Smith Mit- 
chell), of Jackson township; Charles T., at 
present an attendant in Xorristown hospital; 
May ; Ellen E. ; Hannah ; and Margaret. Mr. 
Orner is a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, and has served in the Sunday-school 
as teacher and as superintendent. 

Alevys Fort, Huntingdon county. Pa., was 
born in Essex county, ^N". J., April 14, 1864. 
His parents are George C. and Sarah F. (Van 
Duyno) Freeman. George C. Freeman was 
born August 15, 1825, in Essex county, N. J., 


son of Gershom W. and Eliza jST, (Gilder- 
sleeve) Freeman. The Freeman family is of 
English origin. Gershom W. Freeman was 
a farmer. His son George C. was educated 
partly in the common schools and jiartly at 
select schools. He also became a farmer, "sub- 
sequently engaging in market gardening and 
dairy farming . His home is in Essex county, 
X. J. He Avas married in Morris county, IST. 
J., Xovember 30, 1861, to Sarah F.'Van 
Dnyne, daughter of Martin K. and Julia C. 
(Crane) Van Duyne; her father's family emi- 
grated from Holland, and her mother's from 
England. Their children are: Orvillc, mer- 
chant, of Essex county, N. J.; Horace N.; 
Gyrus G., market gardener, of Xew Jersey; 
William, a merchant, deceased; Herman M., 
civil engineer, Xew Jersey; all graduates of 
the high school at Orange, X. J. ilr. Free- 
man has retired from active busnicss. Ifi- is 
a Republican, and a member of the Gliristian 
Reformed church. 

It was in 1886 that Horace X. Freeman 
graduated from the high scIukiI iiiciitioned 
above, at Orange. He took his thculdgical 
course at Xenia, O., gTaduating in ISS',), 
and adding courses of one year eadi at Prince- 
ton Seminary, Princeton, N. J., and at West- 
minster College, jSTew Wilmington, I'a. In 
July, 1891, Rev. Mr. Freeman came to Mc- 
Alevys Fort, was ordained in the following 
month, and installed pastor of the United 
Presbyterian church of Stone Valley, succeed- 
ing Rev. J. ]\r. Adair. This ha)i|.y rchiliun 
still exists. During Mr. Freeman's ministry 
some repairs have been made in the church 
building. This church has a long and very 
interesting history; its origin is found, nearly 
a century ago, in an Associate Presbyterian 
congregation, organized in Huntingdon bor- 
ough in ISOl. It has ever since continued, 
under the various phases of its existence, to 
maintain the uncompromising orthodoxy and 
sterling virtues of the Scottish ancestry of its 
inend)ersliip; it has been and still is a power 
for great good in the community. As beiits 
the decided utterance of his church on the 
tem]ierance question. Rev. ilr. Freeman is a 

Rev. Horace N. Freeman was niarrieil in 
1893, at Webster's Mills, Fulton county. Pa., 
to Sallie, daughter of Charles and .lane 
(Brady) Taggart, a native of that place. .Mrs. 
Freeman's parents are deceased; her father 

was a farmer, and both parents were of Scotch- 
Irish descent. 

JAMES MAGILL, McAlevys Fort, Hunt- 
ingdon county. Pa., was born in Jackson town- 
ship, then part of Barree township, Xovember 
23, 1822; he is a son of James and Margaret 
(McGiffin) Magill. The elder James Magill 
Avas born in the north of Ireland. Therehe 
passed his boyhood, and at the age of eighteen 
came to America, and resided in Cummings- 
ville, Jackson township. For several years 
he worked among the suiTounding farmers, on 
wages; but as soon as he found" himself in a 
position to own his own farm he bought about 
200 acres, cleared the greater part of it by his 
own labor, and in the course of a few years 
made it a thriA-ing place, on which were two 
dwellings, barns and other necessary build- 
ings, and orchards of his planting. Here he 
devoted himself to tilling the ground and rais- 
ing stock. His wife, like himself, was Irish 
by birth; she came to this country with her 
]iarents. Their children were: Agnes, de- 
ceased, wife of Joseph Hunter; Sarah, de- 
ceased, wife of John McCool; Margaret, de- 
ceased; Rev. William J., deceased; James; 
and Silas, deceased. Mr. Magill was in earlier 
life a Democrat, but afterwards became a Re- 
puljlican. He was elected to various town- 
ship offices. His name is found among the 
early records of the United Presbyterian 
church of Standing Stone valley, of which he 
Avas a member. He died near McAlevys Fort 
in 1868, and Mrs. Magill died on the home- 
stead in 1889. 

The only surviving member of the family, 
therefore, is the younger James Magill. His 
whole life is connected with the homestead 
whose founding is described above, where he 
has been contented to remain, and diligently 
to work his way to prosperity. He cultivates 
some 140 acres, continuing also the business 
of stock raising; besides this property, he has 
sixty acres of ridge land. He has added to 
the improvements made by his father, and has 
a flourishing property and a comfortable home. 
]\lr. ^ilagill's politics ai-e Republican. He has 
served three terms as school director. 

James Magill was man-ied, in 1847, in Jack- 
son township, to Mary H., daughter of Wib 
Ham Porter, farmer, of Jackson township, 
where she was born January 17, 1S2S. The 
family are of Scotch-Irish "orio-in. ^Ir. and 
-Mrs. Maaill have ei-ht children: Maraaret; 



Elizabeth, wife of Rev.D.S.Magill,a minister 
of the United Presbyterian church, in Kansas; 
Annie (Mi-s. Dr. William Miller), of McAlevja 
Fort; William, resides in Iowa; James S., 
on the homestead, is married to Delia White, 
has four children; Anna, deceased; May M., 
deceased; and Joseph, deceased. Mr. Mao-ill 
adheres devotedly to the church of his farth- 
ers, the United Presbyterian. To her he has 
giA-en the services of his whole life; he was a 
deacon, and has for many years been an elder; 
he has not only cared for the welfare of the 
home congTegation, but as a representative in 
the General Assembly, has on several occa- 
sions sat in deliberation on the interests of the 
church at large In wise care for the training 
of the young, he has not neglected the Sun- 
day-school, in which he has been teacher and 
superintendent. The home and the church 
have been Mr. Magill's chosen fields of labor; 
m both his influence is prevalent and whole- 

WILLIAM H. LLIEPER, merchant and 
farmer, McAlevys Fort, was born in Sauls- 
burg, Barree township, Huntingdon county. 
Pa., March 18, 1825, son of John and Mary 
(Borst) Harper. His grandfather, William 
Harper, was a native of Pennsylvania, of 
Scotch-Irish descent, and was at" one time 
sheriff of Mifllin county. J olm Harper, f athci 
of William IL, was born in Mifilin county, 
and was a carjienter and undertaker. His ser- 
vices were demanded in all parts of the valley, 
and he made during his business career no 
less than five hundred coffins, for which he 
received $1 per foot. He also owned a small 
farm in Barree township, and a hotel where 
Saulsburg now is, which he built, and kept un- 
til 1840; it was then burned down; he re- 
built, then sold out, and returned to farming. 
He was married, first, to Miss Mary Borst, 
of Huntingdon county, by whom he had five 
children: Sarah (Mik James Love); Anna 
M. (ifrs. Dr. John Kankin), of Bellefonte, 
Centre coimty, Pa.; Elizabeth (Mrs. George 
Barer); Xancy (Mrs. Andrew Chaney); and 
William IL, now the only survivor of the 
family. Mrs. Harper died in Saulsburg in 
1850. ;Mr. Harjier married, secondly. Miss 
Jane Dickey, a native of Huntingdon county, 
by whom he had two children: Fannie (Mrs. 
McClintock), of Lock Haven, Pa.; and John, 

died young. Mr. Harper was a staunch Demo- 
crat. His church connection was with the 
Dnnkards and the Baptist church. He was 
a good man: he died, generally mourned, in 
Ennisville in 18G7. 

William H. Harper attended the public 
schools of Barree township and the select 
school at ]\Ianor Hill. During his early life 
he assisted his father on the farm, and worked 
for his neighbors, thus earning some money 
which he wisely used to acquire a good edu- 
cation. He then taught four terms in the 
public schools at $18 per month. He Avas af- 
terAvards for one year clerk in a store at Sauls- 
burg and tAvo years at EunisA-ille, and then 
embai-ked in business at McAlevys Fort, 
Avhere he remained tAvo years. The next 
eleven years he Avas in business in Ennisville, 
and in 1865 moA-ed to his present locration, 
Avhere he has carried on business continuously 
ever since. He is the oldest merchant and 
citizen of McAlcA-ys Fort, and has served as 
]30stmaster of the toAvn. His store building 
Avas erected at a cost of $2,200, and is 
26x40 ft. in size. He has remodeled his 
dAvelling house, and made other improve- 
ments. He owns a farm of 37 acres in Jack- 
son toAvnship. He Avas first married in Phila- 
delphia, in 1854, to Mary A., daughter of 
John W. iEyron, a merchant and stock dea- 
ler of Ennisville, Huntingdon county, Pa. 
In 1855, their only child, A. Woods Harper. 
Avas born. He attended the public schools of 
McAlevys Fort, Stone Valley Academy, and 
Wilmington Academy, LaAvrence county. 
Pa. He then spent some years helping his 
father in the store and was later a clerk in 
Harrisburg, and for one year, in Pittsburg. 
In 1889 he took up the business of harness 
making; he also spent some time in the print- 
ing business. He is apt, and generally suc- 
ceeds in anything he undertakes. He is a 
Democrat. JMrs. ilary A. Harper died Sep- 
tember 16, 1884, and Mr. Harper manned, on 
XoA'ember 7, 1886, Mrs. Emma (Burchfield) 
Shelley, Avidow of Samuel Y. Shelley, for- 
merly a merchant of MifflintoAvn, Pa. By her 
former husband ilr. Harper had two children; 
HoAvard, an employee of the P. R. R. Co., 
Altoona, Pa.; and iMamie. ilr. Harper is a 
member of Lodge Xo. 176, 1. O. O. F., and of 
the K. of G. E. He has served as treasurer 
and school director of his district, and is a 
member of the Presbyterian church. 



DAVID ASIITOX, Maddensville, Hunt- 
ington county, Pa., was born March 11, 1836, 
in Smoketown, near Goldsboro, York county. 
Pa. He is the son of Thonuis and Klizabeth 
(Iviester) Ashton. The A-liit,ii family is of 
English origin; thi-ee brothers of the name 
were immigrants here from that country, 
about a century ago. One settled in Lancas- 
ter county, one in Berks county, and a third, 
the great grandfather of David Ashton, in 
York county, Pa. It is supposed that all three 
were farmers. George Ashton, son of the 
third brother, was born in York county, 
where he was a tiller of the ground. He took 
part in the war of IS 12, and was stationed at 
Baltimore, Md. He married Miss Baughman, 
who was of German descent. His death oc- 
curred about 1825; his wife survived him for 
many years. She received from the govern- 
ment a land warrant and a pension, in con- 
sideration of her husband's services in the war. 
Mrs. Ashton died at the home of her daughter, 
at Ennisville, Huntingdon county, about 
1859. Their children were: Pauny (Mrs. 
Peter Drawbaugh), of York county. Pa., Avho 
removed to Huntingdon eo\inty about 1842 
or '43, about 1849, went to Johnson county, 
la., where her husband died in 1S61, and she 
now resides in Butler county; Thomas; Bar- 
bara, married David !Mansberger in York 
county, removed to Huntingdon county in 
1842, where she died about 1858, and her 
husband in 1896, at the age of eighty-two; 
John, married Miss Hoffman, of Bainbridge, 
Lancaster coimty, Pa., emigrated to Iowa 
about 1870, where he died in 1875, his wife 
sur\'iviug him, and residing in Washington 
county, la.; and George, married first a na- 
tive of Lancaster county, and afterwards a na- 
tive of Clinton county. Pa., and now resides 
at Bainbridge, Pa. 

Thomas Ashton was educated in the com- 
mon schools of York county. His marriage to 
Elizabeth Kiester, of York county, took place 
in 1835, and in 1840, Mr. Ashton, his wife, 
and their eldest child, David, went to Hunt- 
ingdon county. There, in connection with 
others, Mr. Ashton bought land, and built 
himself a log house in the woods. Then he 
proceeded to clear and farm his property. Tu 
1848, he sold his portion and interest in the 
land to Jacob E. Bare, and purchased what 
is now known as the Baker farm, on wliic-li 
he resided for the rest of his life. ^Ir. Ashton 

was active in politics; he was originally a 
Democrat, and adhered to that party until 
1860, when he became an advocate for tlie 
abolition of slavery. He held many town- 
ship offices. His children are: David; 
George, married Kate Barndollar, a native of 
Fort Littleton, Pa., at Lanark, 111., and went 
to Boone, la., where he became principal of 
schools, and later, county superintendent, 
went aboiit 1890 to Iowa Park, Tex., and in 
1895 to Lincoln, Xeb., where he is now en- 
gaged in the sale of school supplies; and 
Lydia A., widow of Scott Woollett, of Fort 
Littleton, where she now resides. Mr. and 
Mrs. Thomas Ashton were faithful members 
of the Church of God at Walnut Grove, Hunt- 
ingdon county, for which congregation Mr. 
Ashton built a neat house of worship. His 
death occurred January 6, 1865. Mrs. Ash- 
ton survived him until April 13, 1895, when 
she died at the home of her daughter at Fort 
Littleton, Fulton county. Pa. Her age was 
about seventy-nine, as she was born in 1816. 

When in 1840 Thomas Ashton removed to 
Huntingdon county, their son David Ashton 
was only four years old. He received his edu- 
cation in the common schools of Huntingdon 
county, but his average attendance was only 
from one month to two months and a half 
of each year. The log house in which the 
school was taught was about a mile and a half 
from his home, and he had to walk that dis- 
tance in all kinds of weather, l^aturally, he 
learned more of the art and mystery of farm- 
ing than he did of books. He remained with 
his father, assisting his father in cultivating 
the farm as long as the father lived. After- 
wards, he bought the fann, in 1866, from his 
father's heirs, and has ever since made the 
same place his home. He cultivates 130 
acres of the homestead farm, and 90 acres ad- 
joining it. Mr. Ashton is a staunch Repub- 
lican, advocating the gold standard. He was 
elected justice of the peace in 1876, and sei-ved 
fifteen years; he has also served many years 
on the school board. David Ashton was mar- 
ried, February 14, 1862, to Eliza J., daughter 
of Robert and Soshey (Lane) ]\Iadden. Their 
children are: Horace G., man-ied Miss Cut- 
shall of Huntingdon comity, and in the spring 
(if 1895, went to California, where they now 
reside; Roliort; Lizzie ]\[.; and one child that 
died an infant. Mr. Ashton is highly es- 
teemed as a citizen, and prized as a companion 



ou account of his pleasant 
conversational powers. 

JOSHUA BROWX, Selea, Iluntino-don 
coimty. Pa., was born March 25, 1S25, in 
Spi'ing-field township, Huntingdon county. 
He is a son of Caleb and Sarah (Wagner) 
Brown. His grandfather, also known as 
Joshua Brown, was a native of Lancaster 
county, Pa.; he removed before his marriage 
to Huntiuiidoii (■(luiity, and resided where the 
town of .Ma<l<l('iis\-ille now stands. He mar- 
ried ( 'liarlcitti' Morrison; they remained on 
the homestead during their entire lives. 
Their children were: Hannah, mamed 
Richard Hyte, and they resided in Spring- 
field towaiship, until they went to Ohio, re- 
sided there for some time, then removed 
farther Avest, and both died there; Caleb; 
John, married Annie Wagner, and both died 
in Spring-field township; Rebecca, married 
William Corbin, and resided in Clay town- 
ship, Mr. Corbin dying in Huntingdon, and 
Mrs. Corbin in Fulton county; Richard, mar- 
ried Sarah Troxler, resided in Springfield 
township, where both died; Joshua, went to 
Ohio, where he married, and removed still 
further west, after which, leaving his family, 
he went to California, and remained there 
prospecting for gold for nearly twent^'-five 
years, then returned to his family, and died; 
Charlotte, married Abraham Wagner, re- 
sided in Clay township until his death, and 
she afterwards died with her children in Or- 
bisonia; Sarah, married to George Link, went 
west, made frequent visits to Pennsylvania, 
finally removed to Iowa, where they died; 
Washington, married in southern Iowa, where 
he resides; and Jeremiah, married Xancy 
Madden, went to Iowa, where both died. The 
elder Joshua Brown died about 1834. 

His eldest son, Caleb Brown, was born in 
Springfield township, March 24, 1793. He 
obtained his education in subscription schools, 
learned farming practically in his boyhood, 
and when he was a young man, was employed 
in carrying brick for the bricklayers. He 
carried the first brick for the first building in 
Huntingdon. Before and after his marriage, 
be rented a farm. In 1829, he bought 100 
acres of land, to which he subsequently added 
two hundred more. Part of this land is now 
owned by his son Joshua. Caleb Brown was 
married, June 28, 1817, to Sarah Wagner, 

born in Clay township September 23, 1798. 
Theirs was a thrifty household. There was a 
large family of girls and boys, who were 
taught industry both by example and by pre- 
cept. The father was a hard working man, 
and his children knew that he expected them 
to be early risers and diligent workers, like 
himself, the boys on the farm and the girls at 
the spinning-wheel. They spun and made up 
all the clothing and the bed-linen used in the 
household. Mr. Brown had the first house 
built of round logs in his neighborhood; the 
door\vay was so low that a full grown person 
could not enter it without stooping. ilr. 
Brown adhered to the Republican party. He 
was a militia captain; he was preparing to 
fight the "whiskey boys," when he received 
word that his company was not needed. The 
children of this family are: William, mar- 
ried Catherine Greenland, resided in Cass 
toAvnship, Huntingdon county, where both 
died; Morris, died yoTing; Amelia, married 
William Ilyde, of York county. Pa., they re- 
side in the town of York; Delilah, married 
Jeremiah Xead, a native of Fulton county, 
Pa., who served two years and eleven months 
in the Sixteenth Pennsylvania Cavalry, dur- 
ing the war of the Rebellion, and resided in 
Springfield township until his death, had 
seven children, with one of whom, a daughter, 
in Saltillo, Pa., Mrs. Xead now has her home; 
Joshua; Cyrus, married Mrs. Mary Bucher, 
resides in Orbisonia, Pa.; Miles, married 
Susan Ramsey, resides in Saltillo; Rebecca, 
married John W. Heeter, who died, and she 
is now Mrs. George Godard, of Mapleton, 
Pa.; Caleb, married Missouri Greenland, re- 
sides at Everett, Pa.; ilelissa, married Aus- 
tin Ramsey, i-esides at Saltillo, Pa.; George, 
an adopted child, is now living in Clay town- 
ship. Caleb Brown was a Baptist, of the old 
school. His wife died in 1878; he survived 
her imtil^ 1881. 

Joshua Brown, the younger, enjoyed in ad- 
dition to the old-fashioned subscription school, 
the advantages of a public school education. 
lie was, however, set at work upon the farm 
early in life, and remained at home, employed 
in tilling the soil, until he was twenty-two, at 
which time he began driving a team between 
Fort Littleton and Chambersburg, Pa., haul- 
ing grain and lumber. For seven years he 
continued this business, and then bought hi» 
present jilace, containing l<'i(i acres, and 



turned his attention to farming. He has been 
a successful man, and his many excellent qual- 
ities have won the conlidence and esteem of 
his fellow citizens. Mr. Brown is a Repub- 
lican. He has served his township as school 
director, supervisor and inspector of elections. 
In SiJringfield township, Xovemher 20, 
ls52, Joshua Brown Avas married to 
Elizabeth, daughter of "Richard and Rebecca 
(Wilson) Spicer. Their children are: 
Louisa Ellen (Mrs. Henry Rorer), of Spring- 
field toAvnship; Edward Randolph, a school 
teacher, married Nettie Johns, and resides in 
Orbisonia, Pa.; Scott Marion, M. D., married 
Elizabeth jSTeal, and resides at Concord, 
Franklin county, Pa.; and Idenza Y., (Mrs. 
David Hess"), who, with her husband, resides 
with Mr. Brown. 

J. C. BREWSTER, Meadow Gap, Hunt- 
ingdon county. Pa., was born Septemljer 2-t, 
1834, in Concord, Franklin im unity, Pa., son 
of Henry and Xamy i ( 'aiii[ilicii) Brewster. 
William Brewster, his grandfather, was a na- 
tive and lifelong resident of Fannettsburg, 
Franklin county, where he kept a general 
store. He married iliss Robinson, who was 
of Scotch ancestry. He was himself de- 
scended from the Brewster family who landed 
as pilgrims at Plymouth Rock. William 
Brewster's children were: John, a soldier of 
the war of 1812, fought at the battle of Chip- 
pewa, oAvned a large tannery in Hull valley, 
died at Shirleysburg, Pa.; ilary, married 
Xathaniel Kelly, both deceased; Margaret, 
married S. O. Brown, both deceased; Hem-y; 
Maria, married John Skinner, both deceased; 
William, M. H., for some years editor of the 
Huntingdon Journal, died at jSTewsdlle, Pa.; 
Alexander, died in early manhood, at Fan- 
nettsburg; and James R., real estate agent and 
merchant tailor, died at Xewville, Pa. 

Henry Brewster, father of J. C, was born 
at Fannettsburg in 1798, and educated in tlie 
common schools. He was afflicted with rheu- 
matism when a boy, which lamed him for life. 
In his father's store he received a thorough 
mercantile training. About 1825 or '26, he 
opened a general store in Concord ; and in that 
town he man-ied Miss Campbell, who was a 
native of Perry county. Pa. In 1838, they 
removed %vith their little family to the banks 
of the Wabash River, in Indiana, but remained 
there onlv a vcar, all the faniilv suffering 

from fever and ague; during that year, Mr. 
Brewster kept a store. Returning in 1839 to 
this State, he ojjened a store at Shirleysburg, 
Pa., which he conducted until 1853, and then 
retired from business. In 1S45, ilr. Brews- 
ter represented his district in the legislature 
of Pennsylvania. He was an old line Whig, 
and active in politics. The children of Mr. 
and Mrs. Brewster are: William II., mer- 
chant at Shirleysburg; an infant, wliii li dicil; 
J. C; Henry R., who was bui-ned td ilcatli in 
a building at Shirleysburg; Margaret, died in 
Indiana; John, residing in Huntingdon 
county; A. McGinley, went to Illinois in 
1869, and is now a retired farmer in that 
state; Henry, died young; and Martha, widow 
of David R. Douglas, resides at Shirleysburg. 
Mrs. Nancy Brewster died in 1855. Mr. 
Brewster some time after married !Mrs. With- 
ington, a widow, who died a short time subse- 
quent to their marriage. His third wife was 
E. Elliot, who survived him a few years. 
There were iiu children by either of these last 
two marriages. .Mr. Brewster died in 1880, at 

During the year when his parents resided 
in Indiana, J. C. Brewster, then a child of 
four years, lived with his aunt, Mrs. Skinner, in 
Franklin county, joining them on their return. 
He was educated in the common schools, and 
entered the sophomore class at Jefferson Col- 
lege in 1857. At the end of the term, his 
health failed, and he was not able to return 
to college. He and his brother John then 
united their capital, amounting to about $1,- 
500, and ojjened a general store at Saltillo, 
Pa. Two years later, when war broke out, 
he sold his interest to his brother, and enlisted 
at Huntingdon, in Company G, Fifth Penn- 
sylvania Resen-es, for three years. After be- 
ing sworn in at Harrisburg, June 12,lS6r,Mr. 
Brewster went to the front, and took part in 
the battle of Mechanicsville, where on the first 
day he received a bullet wound in the left 
side. Two days after, at Savage Station, he 
was captured and conveyed to Libby prison, 
where he remained three weeks, and was then 
exchanged and sent to Fort Hamilton, N. Y., 
thence to near Alexandria, Ya., and thence 
to his regiment, which was attached to Gen. 
Pjurnsiilc's command. Mr. Brewster's next 
battle was at Fredericksburg, Ya., after which 
his regiment fell back and went into camp at 
Washington, D. C, where it lay until the fol- 
lowing Mav. He was next in tlie orcat fight 



at Gettysburg, then following up Lee, and 
was directly after traiisfeiTed to the invalid 
corps, in which he remained until his dis- 
charge, June 13, 1864. 

Mr. Brewster then came home, and con- 
ducted his brother's store at McConnells- 
town, Pa., for a year. In 1868, he opened a 
gentlemen's furnishing store, but without suc- 
cess. In the spring of 1869, he oj^ened a gen- 
eral store at Meadow Gap, which he still car- 
ries on, having built up a good trade. In 
1871, he was appointed postmaster at Meadow 
Gap, and has held that position ever since. 
He owns two farms, containing respectively 
150 and 110 acres. Mr. Brewster may be 
classed among self-made men, having by dili- 
gence, fair dealing and business tact made his 
way from small beginnings to a position of 
ease and competence. He is a staunch Re- 
publican, and has served his to^^•nship as 
auditor. He is a member of Colonel Al- 
bright Post, Xo. 483, at Three Springs. 

J. C. Brewster was married at Meadow 
Gap in 1869, to Elizabeth, daughter of Philip 
E. "Weaver. Their children are: Harry L., 
married ]\Iiss Xannie Beers, is engaged in 
his father s business; Xannie; John and Mary, 
twins; and Alice. 

Meadow Gap, Huntingdon county, Pa., was 
born near Shirleysburg, Pa., December 12, 
1831. He is a son of Benedict and Eve (Ow) 
Stevens. His grandfather, Benedict Stevens, 
Sr., was bom near Shirleysburg, Pa., a de- 
scendant of Scotch settlers in America. He 
was a farmer, and for many years justice of 
the peace. He was twice maiTied; the first 
time to Miss Gilbert; their children were: 
David, died near Altoona, Pa.; George, also 
died in Altoona; Benedict; William, resided 
at Rock River, 111., where he died; he had in 
early life resided for many years at Birming- 
ham, Huntingdon county, following the call- 
ing of a plasterer; Asa, went to Ohio after 
marriage with his second wife, and died there ; 
Polly, maiTied Adam Miller, and lived and 
died near the base of Jack's Mountain, in 
Huntingdon county; Rebecca, married Henry 
Laughlin, resided for years at Rockhill Fur- 
nace, then removed to Mill Creek, Pa., where 
they died, leaving a large family. The second 
wife of Benedict Stevens was Mary Prosser; 
their children were: James, resided after his 

man-iage for the greater part of his life at 
Xewton Hamilton, Pa., where he died; 
Daniel, is a retired merchant, residing at Mc- 
Yeytown, Pa.; Giles, was a boatman, lived 
for years at Wilkes-BaiTe, Pa., and died there; 
Henry, went in his youth to Kansas, where he 
married and died, was a fanner; and Nancy, 
also went 1o Kansas, was mamed and died 
there. Benedict Stevens was an influential 
and greatly respected member of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal church, and for many years a 
class-leader. His brother, David Stevens, was 
among the first itinerant preachers in this part 
of the country. Another brother, Giles, lived 
and died in Bedford coimty, Pa. 

Benedict Stevens, Jr., was bom February 
28, 1802, in Shirley township, Huntingdon 
county. He possessed but few books, and en- 
joyed small educational advantages; but he 
had so well improved those which he had, and 
was so well qualified in the more important 
requisite of character, that he was acceptable 
as a teacher. He was sensible, and in all prac- 
tical matters was well trained. His wife, Eve, 
was the daughter of Rev. Herminius Ow, of 
the United Brethren church, a Genuan 
by birth, who had been brought to this 
country in his childhood by his parents. 
For several years Mr. Stevens rented a 
farm, but in 1836, he boiight 159 acres 
in Sj^ringfield township, a part of the old 
Captain Crogan survey. A small log house 
stood on the place; it was one and a half 
stories in height, having one room in each 
story, communicating by means of a ladder. 
In the upper room the whole family slejit. 
After a while, the old log house was re- 
modeled; and in 1841, the circumstances of 
the family continuing to improve, Mr. Ste- 
vens built a frame house, which is still the 
home of his son. Rev. W. H. Stevens. In all 
the labors of the farm, from the preliminary 
clearing off of the brush and timber, ]\Ir. Ste- 
vens was assisted by the faithful and indus- 
trious boys he had reared. He served the 
township for many years as justice of the 
peace. The children of Mr. and Mrs. Stevens 
are: Asa S., was at first a tailor, but was em- 
ployed on the railroad as a boatman, was also 
in lumber and mercantile business, and is 
now retired, married Elizabeth Adams, of 
Duncansville, Pa., who shortly after died at 
AVilkes-Barre. after which he married Sarah 
Parsons, of ilill Creek, Himtingdon county, 
and now resides in Lancaster, Pa.; Hannah 

^,/£^.^«. /^.-l 


I, then t'oilowin^ 
nftpr trniif!tViT*>!l 

c. and con- 
he opened a 

u.ictcd Lib laulii. 
town, Pa., for a } 
gentlemen's fnrnk-.;.:.... , v iil!,.iii iv- 

cess. In tlie spring of isoii, iie 
eral store at Mejidow (iap. whh 
ries on, Ln a go.'<; i'm i ■. m 

1S71, he M ->tmastCT at Meadow 

Gap, and ^ l<o^iti<>n ever since. 

He owns n\u :aiu.;, cjntaininti respectively 
ITtO and 110 aores. ilr. Brewster may be 
(■1;,-, .: .nioTig ?elf-made men, having by dili- 
lealiug and Inisiness tact made bis 
laall beginnings to a position of 
.!!-.• iiii'i <oini>ctence. lie is astaimeh Re- 
publican, and lias sorA'ed his township as 
auditor. He is a member of Colonel Al- 
bright Post, Xo. 483, at Three Springs. 

J. C. ^Brewster was mamed at Meadow 
Gap in 1869, to Elizabeth, daughter of Philip 
E. Weaver. Their children are: Harry L., 
married Miss Xannie Beers, is engaged in 
his father s business; Xannie; John and Mary, 
twins; and xVlice. 

^Meadow Gap, Huntingdon county, Pa., was 
born near Shirleysburg, Pa., December 12, 
1831. He is a son of Benedict and Eve (Ow) 
Stevens. His grandfather, Benedict Stevens, 
Sr., was bom near Shirleysburg, Pa., a de- 
scendant of Scotch settlers in America. He 
was a farmer, and for many years justice of 
the peace. He was twice man-ied; the first 
time to Miss Gilbert; their children were: 
Pa\-id, died near Altoona, Pa.; George, also 
died in Altoona; Benedict; William, resided 
at Rock River, 111., where he died; he had in 
early life resided for many years at Birming- 
ham, Huntiiigdim county, following the call- 
ing of a plasterer; Asa,' went to Ohio after 
murriage with his second wife, and died there; 
Po!'v --Married A I-tv: ^filler, and lived an!l 
ilir. .'i'L'k's Mountain, in 

Hf "oa, married Henry 

Laii; 'vs'at Rockhill Fur- 

nace, tliLii nuiuvi'd 1.0 AiW Creek, Pa., where 
they died, leaving a^ large family. The second 
wife of Benedict Stevens was Mary Prosser; 
their children were: James, resWed after his 

marriage for the greater part of his life at 
Xewt^on Hamilton, Pa., where he died; 
Daniel, is a retired merchant, residing at ^Mc- 
Veytown, Pa.; Giles, was a boatman, lived 
for years at Wilkes-Ban-e, Pa., and died there; 
Henry, went- in his youth to Kansas, where he 
man-ied and died, was a farmer; and Xancy, 
also went to Kansas, was married and died 
there. Benedict Stevens was an influential 
and greatly resjiected member of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal church, and for many years a 
class-leader. His brother, David Stevens, wa.s 
among the first itinerant preachers in this part 
of the country. Another brother, Giles, lived 
and died in Bedford county, Pa. 

' Benedict Stevens, Jr., was bom February 
28, 1802, in Shirley township, Huntingdon 
county. He possessed but few books, and en- 
joyt- - ■•-!' ■ ^"Mtional advantages; but he 
hfl'-i cd those which he had, and 

wa? -led in the more important 

ren 'at he was acceptable 

as ; : -ible, and in all prac- 

ticiv iied. His wife, Eve, 

was Herminius Ow, of 

the . hurch, a German 

by '1 brought to this 

coir • m1 by his parents. 

F<i! Stevens rented a 

fan 'V. lic bought 159 acres 

\i\ nship, a part of the old 

Ca; • -irvey. A small log house 

st"' ■ f ; it was one and a half 

st<ji having one room in each 

stor , -"ing by means of a ladder. 

In the upper room the whole family slept. 
Afrer « wliile, the old log house was re- 
moii ' " '"the circimistances of 

the ; ' improve, Mr. Ste- 

vens , which is still the 

home uf !/■ II. Stevens. In all 

the labors mTthe preliminary 

clearing 0.1 aid timber, Mr. Ste- 

vens was ;' faithful and indus- 

trious boy- til. He served the 

township t as as justice of the 

peace. Tl^ ^Ir. and Mrs. Stevens 

are: Asa ; i a tailor, but was em- 

ployed on ri . . as a boatman, was also 
^n lumber aii mercantile business, and is 

now retircl, tnarried Elizabeth Adams, of 
DuncansNTlh , Pa., who shortly after died at 
Wilkes iii-.rn, after which he married Sarah 
Parson* of Mill Creek, Huntingdon county, 
and now resides in Lancaster, Pa.; Hannah 

[ /?. <S^-c^^ hi, -^. 



J., married Henry Stains, of Altoona, Pa., 
iiiid ilic u wliilf cm a visit at Three Springs, Pa. ; 
David \V., enlisted in 1862 in the Twelfth 
Pennsylvania Reserves, was killed at the bat- 
tle of Spottsylvania C. H., Va., and bnried 
on the iield of battle, leaving a wife and fom- 
children; Samuel Ow, drowned in Aiighwick 
Creek at the age of sixteen; George H., en- 
listed for the war of the Rebellion, but was 
rejected on account of ill health, and died be- 
fore the close of the war; William Henry; 
Catherine G., widow of Xathaniel Covert, at 
Three Springs, Pa.; Rachel B. (Mrs. Daniel 
M. Heck), of Three Springs; Benedict T., 
hardware merchant at Three Spring-s, married 
Mary Heeter, served in the war of the Rebel- 
lion; Rebecca J., married first to Abraham 
Corbin, afterwards to Samuel Weight, and 
now resides in California, whither they re- 
moved in 1SS6; Frank, enlisted in 1862, in 
Company I, Twelfth Pennsylvania Reserves, 
was wounded at Fredericksburg, was tmce 
captured, and spent ten months in prison, 
was promoted to lieutenant; Wesley Lee, en- 
listed in 1861, in the One Hundred and Tenth 
Pennsylvania Volunteers, served in three dif- 
ferent regiments, was eight months in a cav- 
alry regiment, and when discharged, returned 
home and enlisted in the Two Hundred and 
Second Pennsylvania Volunteers, in which he 
served until the close of the war; Belle, mar- 
ried Harrison Heetei", removed in 1895 to 
Long Beach, Col., where they now reside; ar.d 
two that died while infants. Benedict Ste- 
vens, Jr., was from about 1820 imtil his death 
a member of the Methodist chTirch, faithful 
and devout. He was of a liberal, charitable 
disposition. In 1861 or '62, he retired from 
business, and in 1868 removed to Three 
Springs, where he died in 1881. His wife pre- 
ceded him in death by about ten months; she 
was born in 1804, and died at the age of sev- 

William Henry Stevens, at the time of his 
father's removal to Springfield township, was 
two years old. Fntil he attained the age of 
nineteen, his occupations were varied. His 
school education was obtained in ^nnter terms 
of three months each. During the summer 
and fall, he was generally at work on the 
farm, swinging the old-fashioned flail on the 
threshing-floor at the end of every year's har- 
vest. He assisted in clearing the land and 

I^reparing the soil. Of cord wood, he has 
cliop2)ed for the furnaces over 600 cords. He 
taught school for one term, and for one term 
attended Cassville Seminary, the walls of 
which institution he helped to plaster. His 
desire to study theology was very strong. 
Having confided this wish to the presiding 
elder. Rev. Elisha P. Phelps, and told him 
that he would like to prepare by attending 
school, that old sage answered that in the sad- 
dle-bags was the place to get such education 
as he needed. Mr. Stevens began preaching 
in 1854, and entered the Baltimore Confer- 
ence of the Methodist Episcopal church in 
1855. He spent seven years in Bedford coun- 
ty. August 8, 1862, Mr. Stevens was muster- 
ed in as second lieutenant (if Conipanv Jl, One 
Hundred and F,,rty-eiohth Pninsvlvliiiia Vol- 
unteers; after serviui; cme nidiitJi with that 
rank, he was appointed chaplain of the regi- 
ment, which was General Beaver's. Rev. Mr. 
Stevens served until the close of the war, and 
was present, in the front line, at the surrencfer 
of General Lee. Being discharged June 3, 
1865, he returned to his family. In the spring 
of 1864, Mr. Stevens bought a half interest in 
his father's f ann, and purcha.sed the remaining 
half in 1867. This farm is now managed by 
his son, Ambrose Stevens. Rev. Mr. Stevens 
is on the superannuated list of clergvmen of 
the Methodist Episcopal church. His political 
opinions were formerly those of the Whig 
party; he is now a Republican. He was elect- 
ed to the state legislature in 1889, and has the 
honor of having been the only member from 
Huntingdon county who declined to be a can- 
didate for re-election. He has served his town- 
ship for many years as school director and as 

Rev. William Henry Stevens was married 
February 18, 1858, to Margaretta, daughter 
of Andrew and Barbara (Miller) Shefl!ler, who 
was brought up in Franklin county. Pa. Their 
children are: Emory M., minister of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal church, at Bedford Station, 
man-ied to Julia Leader, of Springfield town- 
ship; Watson S., died aged five years; William 
H., house carpenter, living near Chicago, mar- 
ried Elizabeth Handy, of Ohio ; and Ambrose, 
at home, married Ida Hamilton, of Saxton, 
Bedford county, has been a teacher from his 
early youth. ]\li-s. W. H. Stevens died in Feb- 
rnnry, 1895, and is buried at Three Springs. 



She -was a faithful and zealous Christian, a 
good wife and mother, and of a benevolent 
tion; her loss was deeply felt. 

dow Gap, Huntingdon count v, Pa., was 
born September 10, 1859, near Baltimore, 
Md., son of Charles W. and Cassie X. (Kohler) 
Leader. His great-grandfather, George 
Leader, came from Germany with his parents 
while yet a boy. They settled in Lancaster 
county, where he grew to manhood; the fam- 
ily then removed, settling six miles from 
York, York county, Pa. There he bought the 
farm on which he spent the remainder of his 
life. He was a member of the Lutheran 
church. Among his twelve children, all of 
whom attained to mature years, were Joseph; 
George; Rebecca, who reached the age of 
seventy-iive ; Llannah; Elizabeth (Mrs. 
Weiser); Susan; and John, all now deceased. 
George Leader, grandfather of J. K. Leader, 
was born and reared on the farm in York 
county, and received a good education. He 
taught school for some time while still a 
youth. After his marriage with Eva Weiser, 
he hired out to farmers by the day; he was 
afterwards employed as toll-gate keeper. Af- 
ter the death of his father, he took charge of 
the old homestead, a farm of 250 acres of good 
land, and devoted the rest of his life to its cul- 
tivation. George Leader died in 1878, aged 
seventy-five; his wife survived him for six 
years. They were both Lutherans. Their 
children are: Catherine, died when one year 
old; Susan (Mrs. John Seitz), died in York 
county; Sarah Ann, widow of John Stough, 
for one term treasurer of York county; 
Priscilla, of York county; Henry, of Glen 
Rock, Pa., married to Sarah Wambaugh; 
George, of York, Pa., married to Fannie Xew- 
comer; ; Jesse, of Manchester, York county, 
married Miss Bailey; Lizzie (Mrs. "William 
Gladfelter), of Hartley, Pa.; Lydia, widow 
of David Wallet, of Adams county, Pa.; 
Eliza, of York, Pa.; and Annie (Mrs. Wil- 
liam Hartman), of Paradise, Pa. 

Charles Weiser Leader was born May 24, 
1821, in York county. Pa. He received a 
good education, and taught school during the 
winter, working on the fann in the sum- 
mer. At twenty years of age, he learned wag- 
on-making with Manuel Xaee, of York town- 
ship, serving as apprentice for two years. He 
then opened a shop of his own in 

York township, six miles from his home, and 
continued the business there eight years. 
Charles AV. Leader was twice married; first 
to Catharine Flinchbaugh, who lived about 
eight years after their marriage. Their chil- 
dren are: Da\dd F., married to Sarah Bile, in 
Clinton county, Ind., where they reside; 
Amanda (Mrs. William Hartman), deceased; 
Adam F., of Clinton county, Ind., married 
Fina Maish, and after her death, Letha Ar- 
mentrout; Catharine, widow of Emanuel 
Geesey, of York county. After the death of 
his wife, Mr. Leander rented a farm for one 
year. He then married Cassie X., daughter 
of George and ^lary Kohler; she was born 
June 25, 1825, in Hopewell township, Balti- 
more coimty, Md. Her grandfather, Bal- 
thasar Kohler, a farmer, came from Germany 
with his wife and two children and settled in 
Lancaster county, but afterwards removed to 
York county, where he died. Mr. and Mrs. 
Charles Leader rented a farm on the Mary- 
land line for one year; for two years they 
lived in Carroll county, Md., and five years 
in Baltimore county, ^Id., where he farmed 
and ran a saw-mill and a grist-mill. In 1861 
they removed to Springfield township, Hunt- 
ingdon county. Mr. Leader bought 140 acres 
in Springfield to^^Tiship; there was little of 
it cleared at that time. He greatly improved 
it, building a barn and store house; here he 
lived until his death, which occurred July 7, 
1888. Mr. Leader was a Democrat. He was 
a well read man and a fluent talker, and could 
speak the German language. His amiable 
disposition won for him the esteem of his as- 
sociates. He was a member of the Lutheran 
church. Mrs. Leader still survives him. 
Their children are : Anna, wife of William 
Messier, of Clinton county, Ind. ; Julia, wife 
of Emory M. Stevens, D."D., of Bedford Sta- 
tion; Lucy; Jeffei-son Kohler; Ella, de- 
ceased, was the wife of W. AY. Gutshall, of 
Sprimrfield to^^^lship; Jeannette (Airs. George 
W. Hicks), of Orbisonia, Pa. 

Jefferson Kohler Leader received his early 
education in the schools of Springfield town- 
ship, his parents ha^-ing moved to Hunting- 
don county in his second year. He also at- 
tended the Orbisonia Xormal School, and 
Frankfort City Xormal School and graduated 
from the conimercial department of the Wil- 
liamsport Business College in 1885. Prior 
to this he had taught school during four win- 
ter months, and since graduating, has taught 



continuously, save one term. Since the death 
of liis fatlier, Mr. Leader has worked the farm. 
He was formerly a Democrat, but is now a 
Eepublican of the gold standard type ; he has 
never sought political preferment. Though 
not a member of the church, he sincerely be- 
lieves m the teaching of the Golden Itule. He 
is fond of reading, subscribes for the leading 
periodicals, and makes himself ironversant 
with the topics of the day. He has a fine 
physique; weighs 3 85 pounds. He is a mem- 
ber of the I. O. O. F. and P. of H., both of 
Three Springs. 

Jefferson Kohler Leader was married to 
Sarah, daughter of James il. and Martha 
(Anderson) Wible, in Philadelphia, Septem- 
ber 27, 1893. Their children are: Rebecca, 
born October 11, 1894; and Charles Wible 
Leader, bom August 25, 1896. 

HLRAM BEOWJs^ Meadow Gap, Hunt- 
ingdon county, Pa., was born June 8, 1830, 
in Springfield township, Huntingdon county, 
son of John and Annie (Wagner) Bro^\Ti. 
Joshua Brown, his grandfather, was a native 
of Maryland. He removed to Huntingdon 
county, and bought a farm near Maddens- 
ville. Joshua Brown was married to Charlotte 
Morris, and during the Indian depredations 
they took refuge at Fort Littleton, Fulton 
county. Pa. It was a time of continual 
fear; the men even had to stand guard 
when the women went out to milk the 
cows. Mr. Brown and his wife were mem- 
bers of the old school Baptist church. They 
died on the farm, and are buried in the ceme- 
tery attached to the Baptist church in Spring- 
field township. A brother of Joshua Brown's 
resided in Xorth Carolina. 

John Brown, father of Hiram Brown, was 
born in Springfield township in 1796. He 
was educated in subscription schools, but early 
in life began to make his own living. He was 
a young man when he was employed in 
constructing the Chambersburg pike. John 
Brown was a sturdy, athletic young man. an 
acknowledged master in wrestling. The 
young men of his neighborhood, when they 
met for sport, used to cast lots for a wrestling 
match by thro\ving up their hats; the two 
whose hats fell nearest together were forth- 
with pitted against each other, for the amuse- 
ment of the rest. It may be supposed, tliat 
when John Brown chanced to be or:e of these 

haphazard champions his opponents felt chal- 
lenged to display all his muscles and his mettle. 
While still a single man, John Brown worked 
by the day or by the month, for others; but 
not long after his marriage, he bought a farm 
near Brownsville, Springfield township, 
which he gradually cleared, the principal part 
of it by himself, but as his boys grew up, in- 
heriting his strength and capacity for work, 
they did their share in improving the soil of 
the homestead. Their first house was built 
of logs, but was afterwards replaced by a 
larger and more convenient frame dwelling. 
John Brown, in his earlier years, belonged to 
the old line "VVIiig party, but in later times 
was a Republican. He was active in politics; 
was several times elected supervisor, and also 
served many terms as tax collector. The chil- 
dren of Mr. and Mrs. John Brown are: Elias, 
man-ied Susan Wilson, resided first in Clay 
township, Huntingdon county, afterwards re- 
moved to Fulton county, where he still re- 
sides, his wife being deceased; Elihu, who 
served eleven months in the war of the Re- 
bellion, was married to Xancy Ramsey, who 
died at their first home, near Mt. Carmel 
church, and now resides in Fulton county; 
Missouri, married to Richard Trua.x, both died 
near Mapleton, Pa.; Mahala, \\'idow of 
Thomas Wilson, lives in Fulton county; Amy, 
\\'idow of Jacob Cutshall, resides near Dublin 
]Mills; Hiram; Mary Ann (Mrs. J. M. Cut- 
shall), resides in Springfield township; Ever- 
ett, fanner of Springfield township, sers-ed 
three years in the late war; Abel, deceased, 
was also a soldier in the war of the Rebellion; 
Alfred, carpenter, Fulton county, also in the 
war; Lavinia (Mrs. William Grove), of Ful- 
ton county; Amanda (Mrs. James French), 
of Fulton county; and AVorthman, on the 
homestead in Springfield township. The 
mother, Mrs. Annie (Wagner) Brown, died 
on the homestead in 1862, at the age of sixty- 
six; and her husband also died there, in 1890. 
He was a member of the Baptist church. 

Hiram Bro^\^l received his education at the 
iladden school, but did not attend school very 
long. The family was large, and as soon as 
the boys were strong enough to be of service 
on the farm, they had to assist in its labors. 
Hiram's winter studies at school were there- 
fore soon exchanged for the flail and the 
threshing floor. For two or three yeai-s before 
his marriage, he worked at carpentry; ever 



since that time he has been occupied in farm- 
ing. In 1864, leaving his yoimg wife, he en- 
listed in Company K, Two Hundred and Sec- 
ond Pennsylvania Volunteers, enlisting as 
from Bucks county, and joining his regiment 
at Harrisburg, Pa. He was stationed until 
mustered out along the Orange and Alexan- 
dria Railroad, in Virginia, doing guard duty. 
Being mustered out, August 7, 1865, Mr. 
Brown returned home, and continued to live 
on a rented farm until 1867, when he bought 
his present place, of 296 acres, on which he 
has built barns and fences, planted orchards, 
and made other improvements. Mr. Brown 
is a Republican, and very loyal to his party. 
He has been on the school board for the past 
three years. He is a member of Colonel Al- 
bright Post, G. A. R., at Three Springs. 

Hiram Brown was married, February 28, 
1860, at Maplewood, Pa., to Catherine, daugh- 
ter of Joshua, and Eve (Bolinger) Johns; she 
was born August 10, 1838, in Cromwell town- 
ship. Their children are : Clay, married Ne- 
vada Locke, and resides in Springfield town- 
ship; Louise T. (Mrs. Judson Locke), resides 
in Huntingdon county; Jennie B. (Mrs. 
Ephraim Anderson), of Fort Littleton, Pa.; 
and Howard, married Rosena Wible, resides 
with his father. Mr. Bro^vn, although not a 
church member, endeavors to live by the 
Golden Rule. 

HARRISON LOCKE, merchant and as- 
sistant postmaster at Selea, Himtingdoh 
coimty, was born March 11, 1S61, in Spring- 
field to^vnship, son of William and Rosanna 
(Ramsey) Locke. His great-grandfather, 
Jonathan Locke, died in Springfield town- 
ship, where Scale Locke, son of Jonathan, 
was born in 1800. Scale Locke married first 
Miss Sollers, and afterwards Sarah Keister. 
He raised a family of nine children, and died 
in Locke valley, Springfield township, aged 
ninety-two. His son, William Locke, was 
born in Springfield township, August IS, 
1832. He attended subscription schools, was 
brought up on a farm, and has always been a 
farmer. He married Miss Rosanna Ram- 
sey. Their children are: Alfred Shade, who 
first married Agnes Bealman, of Franklin 
county, and after her death man-ied again, 
and now resides in Shade Gap; Mary Ellen 
(Mrs. Daniel Ferrenlierg), born IMay 7, 1855, 

lives in Gibsonburg, O. Xewton, born May 
2, 1857, married Amanda Shore, lives in 
Springfield township; Selea L., born Septem- 
ber 15, 1858, died April 13, 1861; Hamson; 
Amanda A. (Mrs. David Corbin), born Xo- 
vember 11, 1862, lives in Springfield town- 
ship; Rosilla (Mrs. Nicholas Parks), born De- 
cember 14, 1864, resides near Burnt Cabins, 
Pa.; Allen, born January 20, 1867, married 
to Emma Nead, lives in Spring-field township ; 
Clay, born August 12, 1870, married to 
Bertha Thompson, of Springfield to^vnship; 
William Ray, born November 16, 1873, mar- 
ried to Annie Mills, of Shade Gap, Pa.; and 
Albert, bom September 8, 1878, at home. 
After the father's death, William Locke suc- 
ceeded him on the old homestead where he 
still resides. The place consists of about 200 
acres. He is a Republican, but has never 
taken a very prominent part in the affairs of 
his party, although he has served as constable 
and as school director. A member of the 
Church of God in Locke valley, he is es- 
teemed by all. 

Harrison Locke attended the public schools, 
and studied for one term at Milnwood Aca- 
demy, Shade Gap, Pa. He continued at farm 
work until the age of twenty-five, hiring out 
during harvest time in Franklin county, Md., 
and in West Virginia. In the latter State, 
he received $2.25 per day. Always economi- 
cal, he saved what he could. In April, 1886, 
he started in the general mercantile business 
in Selea, Pa., on property owned by his father. 
On May 16, 1886, he was married to S. Ella, 
daughter of William and Patience (Ramsey) 
Gutshall, and began hoTisekeeping at Selea, 
June 2, 1886. Their children are: Carrie 
Belle, born August 20, 1887; and Charies H., 
born Julv 24, 1888. Mr. Locke is a member 
of Camp "512, P. O. S. of A., at Three Springs, 
Pa. He has never been active in politics, but 
is a Republican, and has served as school di- 
rector and as secretary to the school board. 
Although not a member of any church, he 
thoroughly believes in and practises the Gol- 
den Rule. He is much esteemed in the com- 

WILLIAM C. SWAN, Shade Gap, Hunt- 
ingdon county, Pa., was born in Dublin 
township, Huntingdon county, April 2, 1829, 
son of John and Rebecca (Jefferson) Swan. 
His iiTandfather, William Swan, a farmer 



came from Silver Springs, Franklin county, 
and settled in Dublin township, where he and 
his wife, Eleanor (Chestnut) Swan, both died 
at the home of their son John. Their children 
are: Benjamin, who died in Ohio; Joseph, 
died in Ohio; Annie, married Xeasbit Jeffer- 
ies, and moved to Ohio; Peggy, man-ied to 
William Wilson, both died in Dublin town- 
ship; Catharine, married William ^lorrow, 
both died in Dublin township; and Martha, 
married William Stitt, both died in Green- 
briar, Pa. The father, John Swan, was born 
in Dublin township, in 1786. He was taught 
farming and attended the public schools. By 
his industry and economy he was enabled to 
purchase 250 acres of land in Dublin town- 
ship, which he gi-eatly improved and on which 
he erected good substantial buildings. His 
first wife was Miss Hannah Cree of Dublin 
township. They had no children. In 1819, 
John Swan was married to Rebecca Jefferies, 
who died on the homestead in April, 1832. 
Their children are: John J., married Mary 
J. Harper, resides in Dublin to%vnship; 
Eleanor C, born June 24, 1823, died Xovem- 
ber 24:, 1853; Margaret A., born January 
14, 1827, died May 31, 1873; Rebecca J., 
bom April 2, 1832, married John W. Stitt, 
March 6, 1884; he died in 1886. Mr. 
Swan was married the third time, to Mary 
Hackedorn, who also died in Dublin town- 
ship. Mr. Swan was a Democrat. He was a 
devout member of the Presbyterian church. 
His death occurred in 1860. 

AVilliam C. Swan attended the public 
schools of Dublin township, the academy at 
Academia for two terms, and Milnwood Aca- 
demy for three terms; his boyhood was spent 
on his father's farm. May 14, 1856, he began 
business as a merchant at Shade Gap. He is 
a Democrat, and has taken an active part in 
politics; he has served as school director and 
was appointed postmaster during Cleveland's 
first administration and again under his sec- 
ond administration. 

William C. Swan was married near Con- 
cord, Fi-anklin county, Pa., October 1, 1857, 
to Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph and 
Rachel (Kling) Seibert. They went to 
housekeeping in November, 1857. Mrs. 
Swan was married in Concord and resided 
there until her marriage. Their children are: 
Marv E. (Mrs. D. A. Stitt), of Illinois, born 
October 15, 1858; Rachel A. (Mrs. S. X. 

Minnock), of Dublin township, bom Septem- 
ber 3, 1860; Amanda C. (Mrs. John C. Tay- 
lor), of Spring City, Dublin township, born 
February 4, 1862; John A., merchant of 
Dublin township, bom May 16, 1864, mar- 
ried Mary A. Harper; James F., bom March 
21, 1866, died September 1, 1867; Rebecca 
M. (Mrs. Howard E. Montgomery), of Mt. 
Jerrett, McKean county, Pa., born September 
25, 1868; Lizzie H., wife of James P. Cor- 
nelius, of Lorpburg, Bedford coimty, Pa., 
born August 28, 1870; William K., tanner, 
born December 28, 1872; Charlotte R., born 
December 24, 1874; Edith V., bom Novem- 
ber 1, 1877; Grace S., born January 14, 1879. 
William C. Swan is an elder in the Presby- 
terian church. 

Joseph Seibert, the father of Mrs. Swan, 
is supposed to be a native of Franklin county; 
his father came from Germany and settled on 
a farm in Franklin county, where he resided 
until his death. 

HEXRY C. ZEIGLER, Shade Gap, Hunt- 
ingdon county. Pa., was bom December 29, 
1847, in Dublin township, Huntingdon 
county, son of Isaac Ziegler and Harriet 
(Hooper) Zeigler. The family name is Ger- 
man; the paternal grandparents of Mr. Zeig- 
ler came to America from the fatherland, and 
are both buried near Fort Littleton, Fulton 
county. Pa. Isaac Zeigler was born in Ful- 
ton coanty about 1797; he died at Dry Run, 
Pa., in 1859, aged sixty-two, of typhoid 
fever; his wife survived him imtil about 1869. 
Their children are: Mary A. (Mrs. Jacob 
Miller), Burnt Cabins, Pa.; Elizabeth (Mrs. 
George Foreman), Shade Gap; Ellen (ilrs. 
Brice Ramsey), Mount Union, Pa.; Thomas, 
farmer, Franklin coimty. Pa.; Jacob, farmer 
at Concord, Pa., was a soldier in the war of 
the Rebellion, and was wounded in the left 
side by a ball which passed through his body, 
and is still lodged under his right shoulder 
blade; Brice, was also in the war, and after- 
wards carried on the flour and feed business 
near Pittsburg, where he was drowned, be- 
ing seized ^\^th cramp while bathing; Henry 
C: and James, carpenter. Mount Union, Pa. 
ilrs. Zeigler died about 1S69. 

When Henry C. Zeigler was five or six 
yeare old, his parents removed to Dry Run. 
Here he attended the public schools until he 
was about twelve. He was very young when 



Lis father died, and lie was obliged to go out 
aud woi'k as farm hand. He was tlms em- 
ployed until iu his seventeenth year, he ran 
away from home aud enlisted. His mother 
followed him as far as Mount Union, but 
could not overtake him. It was the boom of 
the cannon at Gettysburg, while the youth 
was still at Dry Run, that had fired him with 
patriotic zeal, and he now gladly enrolled his 
name for the six mouths' service, in Company 
H, Twenty-first Pennsylvania Cavalry, and 
was mustered in at Harrisburg; it was in the 
summer of 1863. Mr. Zeigler proceeded 
with his regiment to the frout, but they were 
soon detailed for seiwice in the coal regions of 
Pennsylvania, to quell the "Molly Maguires," 
and to capture deserters. "While in the dis- 
charge of his duty, on a march to Han-isburg, 
Pa., Mr. Zeigler's horse slipped and fell on 
the ice, and he, falling under the horse, was 
sti'uck by the saddle and severely ruptured. 
Being mustered out at Chambersburg, Pa., 
he went home, and learned the trade of tin- 
smithing, at Dry Run, where he remained, 
engaged in that occupation, until ISTO. He 
then opened a tin and stove store at Shade 
Gap, and has ever since continued the busi- 
ness. He has made his way in the world un- 
assisted, and has not only achieved success in 
business, but has won resjject and confidence, 
and been useful iu the community. Mr. 
Zeigler has served as school director, coun- 
cilman, and chief burgess, and is now in his 
twenty-fourth year as justice of the peace. 
For some years he was jiostmaster. He is of 
the Republican party. 

Henry C. Zeigler was married in Shade 
Gaj), in 1873, to Amanda, daughter of Price 
Blair. Their children are: Chalmers B. ; 
"William Franklin; and Blanche Ruth. Mr. 
Zeigler is a memVier of the Presbyterian 

REV. X. A. McDOXALD, D. D., Shade 
Gap, Huntingdon coimty. Pa., son of Charles 
and Mary (Foreman) McDonald, was born in 
Faimett township, Franklin county. Pa., 
January 30, 1830. His grandfather, Charles 
McDonald, a Scotchman by birth, came to 
America and settled in Franklin county, 
where he married !Miss Gracey, and where 
both died. Their son, also named Charles, 
was born in Franklin county and was raised 
on a farm. He followed farmina- all his life. 

His wife was Mary Foreman. They had two 
children: Hadassah, widow of Mr. Shearer; 
and Rev. X. A. Both Mr. and Mrs. McDon- 
ald died in Dublin townshijD. 

Rev. X. A. McDonald received his early 
education in the public schools of his native 
township, attending the same until he was 
ten years old when his parents removed to 
Dublin township, Huntingdon county, in the 
neighborhood of Shade Gap. Here his pri- 
mary education was finished and a preparatory 
college course completed at Shade Gap Aca- 
demy. In 1851 he entered the sophomore 
class at Jefferson College, Cannonsburg, 
"Washington county. Pa., graduating in 1857. 
He commenced the study of theology at the 
W^estern Theological Seminary in Allegheny 
City, Pa., finishing the coui*se in the spring of 
1860. Immediately after this, he was or- 
dained at Hollidaysburg, Blair county, and on 
June 5, 1860, he sailed from Xew York to 
Siani, around the Cape of Good Hope, having 
been chosen to go as a missionary to that dis- 
tant land. So slowly did they travel in those 
times that the trip required over eighty days. 
He remained in Siam for over twenty-five 
years, during which time he returned in the 
spring of 1870 on a furlough of one year. 
The journey back to Siam by steam vessel 
via San Francisco, the time being thus 
shortened to forty-five days. The mission- 
ary's duties in Siam were very many. He 
taught in the mission school; he was mission 
treasurer; for over twenty years he had charge 
of the mission jjress, and after two years' study 
of the language he preached in the native 
tongue. Mr. McDonald translated much of 
the Scrij^tures into Siamese; he had charge 
of the United States Legation for over five 
years and often served as interpreter for that 
body. In 1887, Rev. McDonald returned 
from the foreign field once more, this time to 
stay. In the spring of 1860, just previous to 
sailing, he was married to Miss Eliza Dick- 
son, daughter of Stewart Dickson. Though 
born in America, 3ilrs. McDonald was of 
Irish descent and had spent some time in Ire- 
land. She accompanied her husband to his 
field of labor and was ever a valued helper in 
his work. She taught in the schools of Siam 
and did other mission work of noble character. 
She died in Mount Union, Huntingdon 
county, where they resided for a little more 
than four years before coming to Dublin town- 



ship. Here the family now live, the fathei 
owning K30 acres of farming land, on which 
he has built a large snhstantial dwelling. 

Rev. and Mi's. McDonald had the follow- 
ing children : Harriet ; Mary, widow of Wm. 
H. McFarland, who died in Siam of cholera, 
resides with her father; Charles, who died of 
cholera in 1S73 and is bnried in Siam; Jennie, 
deceased, was the wife of W. H. Hanison, 
of Mount Union, Pa.; Francis Charles, a 
graduate of Princeton College, class of '96. 
Rev. McDonald is in sympathy with the Re- 
publican party. He is respected by all, a man 
whom it is a jirivilege to call friend. 

Huntingdon county, Pa., was born Xovember 
30, 1856, near the town of Dry Run, Frank- 
lin county. Pa., son of Peter C. and Sarah A. 
(Devinney) Bealman. The name licaluuui 
is of German derivation, and it is tlnniolif rhar 
the grandfather of David !M. was the tiist of 
the family to emigTate to America. If not, 
then he was born in Strasburg, Franklin 
county, of which place he was a resident. He 
mai-ried Margaret Coons, of Dry Run, and 
aftenvards removed to that jslace, where they 
both died. Their son, Peter C. Bealman, was 
boi-n in Dry Run, in 1S32, and grew up in or 
near that town; the business of his life has 
been farming, and on his farm he still resides. 
In 1863, in the stin-ing days of w^ar, he en- 
listed in Company K, Eighty-second Penn- 
sylvania Volunteers, and served until the close 
of the war. His children are: Elizabeth 
(]\rrs. Sylvester Pyles), Rockhill, Hunting- 
don countv; David M.; Agues (Mrs. A. S. 
Locke), died in Shade Gap'm 1893; Martha 
A. (Mrs. Edward Ilockeuberry), Spring Run, 
Franklin county; and two or three infants 
that died. The mother died in 1892. 

Until about eighteen years of age, David 
M. Bealman attended the common schools. 
He became practically acquainted vnXh. agri- 
cultural business, by helping in the work of 
his father's farm during his vacations. He re- 
mained at home, working for his father, until 
1879, the year of his maiTiage, when he was 
twenty-three years old. He then resided four 
years in Fannettsburg, Franklin county, en- 
gaged in driving stage and carrying the mail 
between the town and Concord. From 1883 
to 1890, Mr. Bealman resided at Dry Run, 
and was employed by the month on farms, ex- 

cept that during three years of that time he 
worked as a miner in the Shade valley moun- 
tain mines, for the Rock Hill Iron and Coal 
Co. In 1S90, he became station and express 
agent for the Shade Gap branch of the East 
Broad Top R. R., and has since held that pos- 
ition, i^roving himself a worthy and reliable 
official. j\Ir. Bealman is a decided Republi- 
can, and does much for the success of his 
party. He is a charter member of the P. 0. 
S. of A. in Shade Gap, instituted in 1890, of 
which lodge he has always been secretary. 

David M. Bealman was married in 1879, 
at Dry Run, to Harriet N., daughter of Ben- 
jamin and Mary (Goshorn) Stitt, a native of 
Huntingdon county. They have had these 
children: Cora A., deceased; Dennie C; 
John Orange, deceased; Sarah, died in in- 
fancy; and Clay, deceased. Mr. Bealman is 
a memljer of the Presbvterian church. 

SAMUEL G. MILLER, Shade Gap, Hunt- 
ingdon county, Pa., was born April 5, 1861, 
near Fort Littleton, Fulton county. Pa., son 
of Jacob W. and Mary Ann (Zeigler) Miller. 
The father and grandfather of Jacob X\. Mil- 
ler came from Ireland, and settled in the vi- 
cinity of Burnt Cabins, Fulton county, and 
he is a native and resident of that place. His 
occupation was that of a post and rail fence 
maker. His political views are Democratic. 
The children of Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Jililler 
are: Walter S., postmaster at Shirleysburg, 
Huntingdon county; Mary (Mrs. Isaac Trim- 
mer), Cumberland, Pa.; Commodore, was 
killed by the kick of a horse at fourteen years 
of age; Samuel G.; Ellen (Mrs. John Porter), 
of Virginia; Kate (Mrs. Robert Webb), of 
Tennessee; David, bookkeeper, at Athens, 
Ga. ; and Isabelle. 

Some twenty-five years ago, Samuel G. ilil- 
ler was a sturdy boy, attending the rural 
school of his native township during the win- 
ter terms, thinking little of the two and a 
half miles which he must traverse on foot, in 
cold and stormy weather, as well as on calmer 
days, to reach the school house. In the 
warmer seasons, he was helping about the 
farm as a willing and industrious boy can do, 
but with a wishful thought now and then for 
the forge over yonder, with its niddy fire and 
ringing iron. At last, when he had entered 
his nineteenth year, his wish was realized, and 
in October, 1879, he went to his uncle, Jacob 



Zeigler, at Dry Run, Pa., to learn the useful 
and vigorous handicraft of the blacksmith. 
For two years and a half he was his uncle's 
apprentice; then he was employed in Shirley 
township, for six months, by Thomas Landis. 
It was in 1883 that he came to Shade Gap, 
and began business for himself upon a capital 
of twenty dollars. He rented the same smithy 
in which he still carries on the business, and 
continued to rent it for four years, working 
diligently and practising economy; at the end 
of that time, he was able to buy the shop with 
the ground upon which it stood, and two lots 
besides, paying $500 cash, and the remainder 
of the purchase money, $400, soon after. 
Here he has built up a large and profitable 
business, and by the sweat of his brow has 
not only earned his bread, but provided com- 
fort and a respectable position for his family. 
Mr. Miller is a Democrat, and actively in- 
terested in politics, but has never been will- 
ing to accept office. He is affiliated with the 
P. O. S. of A. 

In 1884, shortly after his independent start 
in business, Samuel G. Miller was manned in 
Shade Gap to Charlotte Montague, a native 
of Dublin township. Their children are: 
Beulah ; Olive ; Edna ; and Ruth. 

A. A. MINICK, Shade Gap, Huntingdon 
county. Pa., son of John and Maria (Kuhn) 
Minick, was born February 28, 1853, in the 
old stone mansion on the tannery property 
in Dublin township, Huntingdon county. 
The great-gxandfather on both sides came 
from Germany and settled in Lancaster 
county, Pa. The paternal grandfather, Peter 
Minick, was bom and reared in Lancaster 
county, where he grew to manhood. He fol- 
lowed farming and tailoring all his life. He 
emigrated to Cumberland county where he 
worked at his trade for a while and thence 
went, to Carlisle. He died in Orrstown, 
Franklin county. Pa., at the age of eighty- 
six. His wife was Miss Mary Cun-ans, of 
Irish descent. Slie died in Carlisle some years 
before her husband's death, at the age of 
thirty-six. The father, John Minick, was born 
in Carlisle, Pa., where he grew up and worked 
on the farm. At the age of fourteen he 
learned shoemaking. He attended school only 
three months, and there was taught in Ger- 
man. When he was sixteen, he went to Frank- 
lin county and leanied tanning, working at 

this trade for a number of years. He married 
at the age of twenty-four. In 1849 he bought 
the tanning plant of John M. Blair, in 
Dublin township, paying for it $3,000. The 
tannery tract consisted of 20 acres of farm- 
ing land and 600 acres of mountain land. An 
old stone mansion stood on the place, which 
was greatly improved after the purchase. 
Although John Minick had so few educa- 
tional advantages, yet later in life, by close 
study and persistent effort he acquired more 
than ordinary attainments. He became an 
expert accountant, and as a book-keeper had 
few superiors. He adhered to the Republi- 
can party. His children are: Lizzie (Mrs. 
D. R. P. Xeely), of Washington, D. C. ; Peter, 
aged nineteen, who was killed by a bullet in 
front of Petersburg; John M., wounded while 
marching, was conveyed to hospital where he 
died; he was aged eighteen and weighed 180 
pounds; Ellen H., married Rev. William H. 
Zimmerman, a Methodist preacher, resides at 
Lawrence, Kas.; Susan, married to Scott 
Lysinger, register and recorder, Bedford 
county. Pa.; A. A.; Cambridge G., bark su- 
perintendent for the Elk Tannery Company 
at Ridgeway, Elk county. Pa.; and S. New- 
ton, farmer, residing on the old homestead. 
The father was a very benevolent man, and 
his purse was open to all the worthy poor. He 
was a faithful member of the Methodist 
church, an active worker in all matters per- 
taining to cluirch work. For many years he 
was class-leader, and superintendent of the 
Sunday-school. Mrs. John Minick died in 
1880, at the age of sixty-two; Mr. Minick in 
1893, aged seventy-six years. 

Mr. A. A. Minick was educated in the pub- 
lic schools and at ]\Iilnwood Academy, in 
Shade Gap. In early manhood he worked in 
his father's tannery, but its doors closing for 
two years, he turned his attention to other mat- 
ters for that length of time. For eight months 
he was engaged in mercantile business at 
Shade Gap as clerk, after which he entered 
upon a course at a business college in Lock 
Haven, Pa., graduating therefrom in 1886. 
The next year he went to Westminister, Md., 
and engaged as assistant superintendent of 
the Sehlosser tannery at that place. Here he 
remained for thirteen months, and then re- 
turned home and started Tip the tannery of 
his father, which he has continued to operate 
up to the present time. He has been very 



successful, increasing tlie business very ma- 
terially and making extensive improvements. 
The plant has an output of one hundred and 
fifty heavy hides per week. His principal 
market is in ISTew York City. He is a Repub- 
lican, and has served his township in many 
capacities. In 1876, he married Miss Sadie 
McGowan, daughter of William McGowan, 
hotel-keeper of Shade Gap. Their children 
are: John M.; Ira C; Lillian L.; S. La Rue; 
all at home, a happy unbroken circle. 

JOHN C. TAYLOR, Shade Gap, Hunting- 
don county. Pa., was born April 24, 1853, 
near Fostoria, Blair county. Pa., son of John 
and Ann Eliza (Appleby) Taylor. His 
grandfather, IMatthew Taylor, was a farmer, 
a native and for juany years a resident of 
Chester county. Pa. With his wife and 
family, he removed to Dublin township, 
Huntingdon county, where he settled on the 
farm now owned by Frank Jones. His wife's 
maiden name was Anderson. Their children 
were: John; Elizabeth, married Silas Drake, 
both deceased; Nancy, married Squire Gaver, 
both deceased; Matthew, of Hot Springs, 
Ark. ; George, late Judge Taylor, of Hunting- 
gon county; and Isaac, of Mount LTnion, Pa. 
The grandfather died on the homestead, and 
his wife within a mile of it, at the home of 
her daughter. 

Their eldest son, John Taylor, was born in 
1808, in Chester county. Pa., and was a boy 
when his parents removed to Huntingdon 
county. He was brought up to the business 
of farming, but afterwards learned the black- 
smith's trade, which vocation he followed first 
in Huntingdon county, and later in Iowa. 
He was twice married; first, in Dublin town- 
ship, to Mary Ellen Likely, by whom he had 
one daughter, Amanda. Amanda Taylor was 
married to Johnson Graham, and resided at 
Spring-field, Ohio; he enlisted in the Union 
army during the war of the Rebellion, and 
died during the war. She was again married 
to Mr. Reeves, who had been in the Confed- 
erate army, and they now reside in Hot 
Springs, Ark. Ann Eliza Appleby was the 
second wife of Mr. Taylor; they were mar- 
ried and removed to the neighborhood of 
Fostoria, Blair county. Pa., where Mr. Tay- 
lor was engaged in the lumber business. In 
1856, John Tavlor removed with his wife 

and family to Ottumwa, Iowa, and carried on 
the same business; he died there in 1865. In 
the same year Mrs. Taylor returned with her 
children to Huntingdon county, and resided 
near the borough of Huntingdon until 1870, 
when she removed to Shade Gap, in the spring. 
Some years later Mrs. Taylor removed to 
Mount Union, where she resided until her 
death; after the first two years of her stay 
there, she made her home with her daughter 
for the remainder of her life. The children of 
this family are: Matthew, died an infant, in 
Blair county; Mary E., married Dr. A. R. 
McCarthy, of Mount Union ; John C. ; George 
A., died in Ottumwa, la.; William H., also 
died in low-a; and Isaac Newton, an em- 
ployee of the P. R. R. at Mt. Union. Mrs. 
Taylor's death occurred in April, 1891. 

John C. Taylor was educated in the common 
schools of Huntingdon county. His oppor- 
tunities for acquiring an education were very 
slender; the most of his school training he 
owes to Milnwood Academy, Shade Gap, 
which he attended for two years. His mother 
kept a dairy, and he had to assist her by driv- 
ing a milk wagon, when he was only twelve 
years of age. During the summer of 1870, 
he worked on a farm, and in the spring of the 
following year, went to work in his uncle's 
saw-mill, at Osceola, Clearfield county. Pa. 
He continued there until 1875, when he re- 
tui-ned home. About this time, he taught 
school during the winter and worked for his 
uncle between the terms. He taught at 
Shade Gap and elsewhere in Dublin and 
Cromwell townships for five terms. The oc- 
casion of his coming home in 1875 was a con- 
flagration in Osceola, by which he was thrown 
out of employment. In the summer of 1876, 
he was employed in a saw-mill near Tyrone, 
Blair county, owned by his uncle, Isaac Tay- 
lor. In the spring of 1877, he went to Rob- 
ertsdale, and taught a two months' term of 
school, and then entered the store of Le\vis 
Rover as clerk, in which position he remained 
for four years, ilr. Taylor then went into 
the lumber business with his uncle, Isaac Tay- 
lor, four miles above Tyrone, and continued 
there for four years. He then entered into 
])artnersliip with the Rovers, father and son, at 
Shade Gap, under the firm name of Royers & 
Taylor, in the general mercantile business. 
They erected a large store room, and have 
carried on a thrivine- trade ever since. He is 



a Eepublican, and has held the office of school 
director for one term. 

John C. Taylor was married at Shade Gap, 
April 2, 1SS9, to Amanda C, daughter of 
William C. and Elizabeth (Seibert) Swan. 
The children of this man'iage are: Warren 
S.; Isaac C; John S. Mr. Taylor is a mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian church, and is on its 
board of trustees. 

Huntingdon county, Pa., was born on the 
Homestead in Dublin township, March 29, 
1817. He is the son of John and Mary 
Moreland) Appleby. Mr. Appleby's grand- 
father, John Appleby, was a native of Ire- 
land. After marriage, Mr. Ajipleby, his wife 
and two brothers, William and Alexander, 
emigrated to America. The brothers settled 
in Georgia, while John remained in Pennsyl- 
vania, making his home near Shippensburg, 
Pa. After a short time he removed to Hunt- 
ingdon county, but returned to Shij^pensburg 
for two years. He finally settled in Dublin 
township, Huntingdon county, on the place 
now owned by Thomas Eoddy. Mr. Appleby 
bought the farm of 300 acres, and lived there 
until his death. There also he received fre- 
quent visits from his brothei-s; the long jour- 
ney between their homes being made on horse- 
back. Mrs. Appleby died on the home farm. 
Their children were: Margaret, wife of Mr. 
Stitt, both died at Huntingdon; Jane (Mrs. 
Gilbert Kennedy), died in Huntingdon 
county; Xaney (Mrs. George McGee), died in 
Beaver county. Pa.; Martha, (Mrs. Adam 
McGee), of Franklin county. Pa., deceased; 
John; and Alexander, married Mrs. McGee, 
both died in Preble county, Ohio. John B. 
Appleby, a grandson of one of John Apple- 
by's brothers, was living in Maryland at the 
time of the war of the Eebellion. He enlisted 
in the Union anny, served all through the 
war, and was several times promoted. He re- 
sides at Centralia, 111. 

John Appleby, father of Alexander Ap- 
pleby, was born in Dublin township in 1776. 
The son of a farmer, he settled on part of the 
homestead, which he farmed until his death. 
!Mr. Apjileby was very active and much in- 
terested in all the affairs of his township, and 
merited the respect and esteem of his neigh- 
bors. He filled many township offices satis- 
factorily. ]\Ir. Appleby was an old line 

Whig. His wife M'as Miss Mary Moreland, a 
native of Belfast, Ireland. Their children 
are: Margaret; Thomas, died at the age of 
twenty; William, mari-ied Elizabeth Spear, 
died in Dublin to-miship, aged eighty; John, 
married Priscilla Montague, both died in 
Dublin township; Alexander; Eliza (Mrs. 
John Gay lor), resided in Huntingdon county, 
later removed to Iowa, and returning after 
her husband's death, died at Mount Union, 
Pa.; Margaret Ellen, Shade Gap; Mary Jane 
(Mrs. Henry Likely), settled in Orbisonia, re- 
moved to Dublin township, where she died, 
and Mr. Likely resides in Illinois; and Rosa- 
mond, died in youth. Mr. Appleby and his 
wife were members of the Pi-esbyterian 
church, of which ]\Ir. Appleby was an elder. 
John AjDpleby died October 1, 1S51, his wife 
died at the homestead in 1877, aged eighty- 

Alexander Appleby received his education 
in the subscription schools of his native town- 
ship. The opi^ortunities afforded by these 
schools were limited, and the teachers ineffi- 
cient. While yet a mere lad, Alexander Ap- 
pleby was set to work on the farm where he 
remained, assisting his father until lS-t2, when 
he rented his present home, a farm then 
owned by his father. After renting it for 
several years, he bought 100 acres, and at his 
father's death, he received the remaining 108 
acres. Industrious and thrifty, Mr. Appleby 
not only improved his farm, adding to it by 
the purchase of -±0 acres, but also bought a 
property in Shade Gap. Mr. Appleby is a 
staunch Republican, eager for the success of 
the party. He is highly esteemed and influ- 
ential in his township. He has won the re- 
spect and confidence of the community, where 
he has been retained on the school board for 
nine consecutive years. He has also sensed 
his township in various other capacities. 

Alexander Appleby was married in Dublin 
township, Xovember 10, 1812, to Ann Eliza, 
daughter of David and Elizabeth (Wilson) 
Jeffries. Their children are: John McGinley, 
a farmer in Dublin township, married Anna 
Blair; Elizabeth, Mrs. George Doran, Burnt 
Cabins, Fulton county; David, M. D., mar- 
ried Martha Colliers, Tyi-one, Pa. ; Mary Jane, 
Mrs. William Thompson, Barree, Hunting- 
don county; Lavinia. Mrs. George Elliot, 
ifount Union, Pa.; and Rosamond, at home. 
]\Irs. Appleby was an earnest Christian, a 



memVier of the Preslivtvi'ian cliiu'eli; she died 
June 5, 1889. ]\Ir.' Ap|.lcl.v is an elder in 
the Presbyterian chuvi-h at Sliado Gap, Pa. 

JOILX A. CASTOR, Shade (!ap. Hunt- 
ingdon county, Pa., son of Andrew and Eliza- 
beth (Miller) Castor, was born in Wayne 
township, Mifflin county. Pa. His great- 
grandfather, Philip Castor, was born in Ger- 
many and came to America before the Revo- 
lutionary war, settling in the vicinity of Phil- 
adelphia, Pa. He fought under Washington 
and was captain of a company of Continental 
soldiers. He enjoyed the distinction of taking 
dinner with Washington at the inn in Phila- 
delphia called the "Crooked Billet." At the 
close of the war he took a tomahawk right to 
a tract of land in Mifflin county at the foot of 
Jack's Mountain. He had one son, Henry, 
and four daughters. At the death of Philip 
Castor, his son succeeded to the faiin, de- 
votedly caring for the mother until her death. 
This son, Henry Castor, had three daughters 
and one son, Andrew. Henry died on the 
homestead in Mifflin county, about 184(3 or 
1848, at the age of sixty-three. He had mar- 
ried his second wife, by whom he had one son, 
Porter Castor, now owner of the old home- 
stead. The daughters are : Katy (Mrs. Henry 
Johnson), livect in ilifflin until 1S48, and 
then removed to Muskingum county, Ohio, 
where they both died; Rebecca (Mrs. James 
McCormick), resides near Lewistown, Pa., 
where the husband died; iSTancy (Mrs. Job 
Wallace), resided near Lewistown, Pa., but 
has lately moved away. 

Andrew Castor, eldest son of Henry Cas- 
tor, was born on the old homestead in Wayne 
to^vnship, N^ovember 7, 1819, and there his 
youth was spent. His wife, Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Henry Miller, w\as born ISTovember 7, 
1821. He received a good education, aud at 
the death of his father took the farm and 
worked it until a few years prior to his death, 
when he sold it, and retired to near Atkin- 
son's Mills, Jlifflin county, and died there Jan- 
uary 15, 1858. His widow afterwards mar- 
ried Thomas Phillips, and Aveut to live in 
Selins Grove, Snyder county. Pa., where they 
both died, the mother's death occurring ^May 
8, 1880. The children of Mr. and Mrs. Cas- 
tor were: John A.; Sarah Ann, born July 
23, 1845, died single; Jane S., born Febru- 
ary 6, 1847, married David Flood, and died 

in Dublin township, in June, 1893; Martha 
E., bom March 27, 1848, died December 23, 
1849; James K., born November 6, 1849, 
married and settled at Selins Grove, Pa., and 
is now a widower living in Nebraska; Wil- 
liam G., born July 28, 1851, was killed on 
the railroad, he was married; George W., born 
June 8, 1854, died through a surgical opera- 
tion performed at Harrisburg; Susanna H., 
born May 28, 1857, died January 14, 1867. 
Mr. and Mrs. Henry Castor were both devout 
members of the United Brethren church. Mr. 
Castor was an old line Whig. 

John A. Castor was born on the old home- 
stead in Waj'ne township. It was in an old 
two-storied log house of two rooms that he 
first saw the light. He received liis education 
in the common schools, to which he was sent 
regularly. He was only thirteen years of age 
when his father died, leaving him the eldest 
of seven children, after which, desiring to help 
rather than to be helped, he hired out each 
summer as a farm hand. For the first five 
years he worked for Adam Sunderland, re- 
ceiving as wages $4 per month, which sum he 
always gave to his mother for the support of 
the family. He lived at home with his mother 
until his nian-iage, which occurred in Urbana, 
Ohio, October 9, 1872, to Ella V. Johnson, 
a native of Philadelphia, Pa., w-ho had re- 
moved with her parents to Ohio, where the ac- 
quaintance begun in Pennsylvania resulted 
in the marriage at Urbana. Mr. Castor and 
his wife then took up their residence in Al- 
toona. Pa., where he had been working as car- 
penter in the machine shops. They later re- 
moved to Urbana, Ohio, where, for five or six 
years, he worked in the locomotive and car 
shops. Fie then went to Kansas and took up 
a claim of 160 acres of land, which tract he 
greatly improved, remaining thereon until 
1891. His wife died in 1890, and in the fol- 
lowing year he sold his farm aud returning 
to Pennsylvania, opened a store, and served 
as postmaster for four years at McXeal, Pa. 
On April 6, 1892, at McXeal, he married Miss 
Jennie Goshorn, daughter of Robert Goshorn, 
one of the early settlers of Huntingdon coun- 
ty. In tlie fall of 1895 he took up his resi- 
(iciici' (111 his present place of 260 acres in 
Dublin tuwnship; his step-son carries on the 
farm. During the war, ^[r. Castor enlisted, 
in Wayne townshi]i, in Company F, Forty- 
sixth Pennsvlvania Volunteers, for three 



months; he served his time, came home, and 
in July re-enlisted for one hundred days. Af- 
ter ser\'ing four months he received an hon- 
orable discharge and he returned home. He 
is a Republican. During his residence in Kan- 
sas he was justice of the peace for four years, 
and secretary of the school board, during 
which time the free schools were inaugurated. 
A wide and intelligent reader, interested in 
the welfare of the nation, he follows closely 
the questions of the day. He has considerable 
ability as an orator, and many are the audi- 
ences that have been inspired to greater pa- 
triotism by his eloquent addresses on Mem- 
orial and Independence Days. 

Mr. Castor has no children. He is a mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian church, holding the 
office of deacon for some years while residing 
in Altoona, Pa. 

A. DORRIS STITT, Shade Gap, Hunt- 
ingdon county. Pa., son of James N. and Isa- 
bella (Campbell) Stitt, was born in Dublin 
township, Huntingdon coimty, March 16, 
18;}5. The grandfather, Archibald Stitt, was 
born in Dublin, Ireland, where he married 
Miss Xewell, and soon after, mth his wife and 
two small children, Mollie and John, sailed 
for -Vmerica. On the passage they suffered 
shipwreck, provisions ran short, and all were 
on the verge of starvation. During these dis- 
tresses their little ones both died and were 
buried at sea. Arriving in America, Mr. Stitt 
went to Pennsylvania and settled on a tract 
of land in Dublin township, Huntingdon coun- 
ty, which place he farmed until his death. At 
the time of settlement, the land was part of 
Tell toA\niship, but some of the people not be- 
ing congenial, he petitioned and had his farm 
struck out of Tell and added to Dublin town- 
ship. He bought his tirst calf at Alexandria, 
Huntingdon county. His first house was built 
of round logs. In building it, he was assisted 
by many of his neighbors, some of whom came 
as far as Burnt Cabins, and all worked with 
such a will that the structure was completed 
in one day. The grain raised on the farm was 
taken to Baltimore, Md., the wheat being dis- 
posed of at fifty cents a bushel; and the 
money realized on the crops was used in pay- 
ing for the farm. Both Mr. and Mrs. Stitt 
died in T^uldin township. They had the fol- 
lowing- children: James X.; Archibald, who 

died leaving a family of two children; John 
^V'., lived on a farm in Franklin county, where 
he died; he had married, first, Miss Blair, 
then Miss Cree, later Miss Harris, and finally 
Miss Swan; Benjamin E., married Miss Gos- 
horn, succeeded to the old homestead in Dub- 
lin township, and died there; Mollie, married 
James Harper, and both died in Dublin town- 
ship; Xancy, married William Harper, both 
died in Dublin township; Jane, married Wil- 
liam Hudson, both died in Dublin township. 

James X. Stitt was born on the old home- 
stead in Dublin township, Huntingdon coun- 
ty-, and there all his da^-^ were spent. When 
a young man he learned carpentry and worked 
at that trade up to the time of his death. Af- 
ter his marriage to Isabella Campbell, a native 
of Huntingdon county, they took up their res- 
idence on part of the old homestead and there 
lived for many years. They afterwards made 
their home with their son, A. Dorris Stitt, at 
whose home both died, the father March 16, 
1853, at the age of fifty-five years; the mother 
in 1857. They had these children: Eliza J., 
widow of David S. Peterson; A. Dorris; M. 
Campbell, farmer in Dublin township; Blair, 
a farmer who went to Mansfield, Ohio, and 
nuuTied there; Rhoda (Mrs. Jacob Flasher), 
of Shelby, Ohio; William J., a farmer in 
Dublin township, married Miss Ann Corbin; 
Isabella (Mrs. Edward ]\IcKettrick), of Wil- 
son, Kas. ; Margaret, deceased, wife of Wil- 
liam Clymans. Mr. Stitt was a Republican 
and a member of the Presbyterian church. 

A. Dorris Stitt attended the public schools, 
but was always more fond of work than of 
study. From boyhood his life has been char- 
acterized by energy and industry. As soon as 
he was old enough he undertook farming the 
home place while his father worked at his 
trade, and after the death of the latter he con- 
tinued to manage it for his mother. Both 
parents being dead, A. DoitIs took the fanu at 
the appraisement, and has cultivated it ever 
since. In 1860, he was married to Miss 
Amanda Wilson, daughter of George and 
Mary Ann (Elliott) Wilson. Their children 
are: James W., married Annie Swan, resides 
in Franklin county; U. Grant, farmer in 
Franklin county; Riley B., at home; Cora 
C, at home; William D., at home. Mr. Stitt 
is a Republican, and has filled the office of 
school director and supervisor. He is a mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian church at Shade Gap, 



and has served as trustee for 

number of 

Huntingdon county, Pa., was bom in Dublin 
township. May 11, 1840. He is the son of 
Benjamin E. and Mary (Goshom) Stitt. Mr. 
Stitt's fathei", Benjamin E. Stitt, was the son 
of a farmer, and spent his life in the cultiva- 
tion of the soil. The educational advantages 
of that time were very limited. Although the 
distance to the school house was three miles, 
Benjamin walked the six miles daily. The 
school house itself was a very rough affair. 
Great cracks were worn in the floor, and im- 
der the floor was a space into which the dogs 
belonging to the children crept. !Now and 
then a dog's tail would appear through a 
crack; a loud yelj) and a cloud of dust would 
prove that some urchin had been too strongly 
tempted. As long as his father lived, Mr. Ben- 
jamin Stitt lived on the home farm, and when, 
after his father's death, the farm was divided 
between himself and his brother James X., 
he moved into the old house in which he re- 
sided at the time of his death. Mr. Benjamin 
Stitt was married in Dublin township to Mary 
Goshorn. Their children are: William H., 
died of scarlet fever, aged two; Benjamin F. ; 
A. Hamilton, died young; Elizabeth, died in 
youth; Margaret, deceased; Harriet (Mrs. 
David Bealman), Shade Gap, Pa.; John B., 
farmer, Dublin township; ]\IcGuiness, died 
young; McGuiness (2), fanner in Kansas; 
Scott, died in youth; David; Emma (Mrs. 
Skinner), Spring Run, Pa.; and three who 
died in infancy. Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin 
Stitt are members of the Presbyterian church. 
Mrs. Stitt survived her husband several years; 
both are buried in the cemetery at Pine Grove 

Benjamin F. Stitt received his education 
in the public schools of his native township, 
patiently trudging two miles and a half 
throiigh the mud and snow of unbroken coun- 
try roads. While quite young, he was put to 
work on the farm, and was his father's assist- 
ant until he was twenty-four years of age. 
In 1864, Mr. Stitt went to Ontario, Richland 
county, Ohio, where he obtained a position 
as clerk in a store ; two years later he was ap- 
pointed collector for a steel company in Van 
Wert, Ohio. In 1868, Mr. Stitt returned to 
Huntingdon county to attend to the settle- 

ment of his father's estate, intrinliiii: ro return 
to Ohio in a short time. Owin- to 'listiirhance 
in financial circles, Mr. Stitt derided to re- 
main in Pennsylvania, and bought a farm be- 
longing to his father's estate. He still resides 
on this place, and, being an intelligent and 
progressive farmer, has made many improve- 
ments which have gTeatly increased the value 
of his property. In 1863, Mr. Stitt enlisted 
in Company E, Fifty-third Battalion, as sec- 
ond sergeant. He was mustered in for six 
months, but was discharged at the end of fifty- 
six days. Mr. Stitt is a staunch Republican, 
active and zealoiis in politics. He is honored 
and esteemed for his many social qualities. 
Feeling the want of educational advantages, 
he is interested in providing better schools for 
his township. He has also served as supervisor 
for several terms. 

Benjamin F. Stitt was married December 
30, 1864, to Matilda, daughter of William 
and Jennie (Harris) Junk, who was born in 
Juniata coimty, Pa., Kovember 4, 1837. The 
city of Hai-risburg, Pa., was named in honor 
of some of Mrs. Junk's ancestors. Their chil- 
di'en are: Margaret Blanche, at home, taught 
school for some years; William E., at home; 
Victoria Anna, a student at several musical 
colleges, now a teacher of music in Altoona, 
Pa.; Angela Cora Allen, died aged twelve; 
Maud E. ; Grace Carrie ; and Frank Chalmers. 
Mr. Stitt and all his family are members of the 
Presbyterian church, and take an active part 
in the work of their congregation; his daugh- 
ter Maud is the choir-leadet. 

chant, Shade (iap, Huntingdon county. Pa., 
was born April 8, 184!), in ^Yaterloo, Juniata 
county, son of Ezra and Catharine (Wetzel) 
Montgomery. His father, a native of Frank- 
lin county, after marriage in Lancaster City, 
Pa., with Catharine Wetzel, now deceased, re- 
moved to Jiniiata county, and still lives in 
Waterloo, looking after his farm near by from 
time to time. He had eight children, most 
of whom are still living. 

Samuel C. Montgomery lived in Waterloo 
until he was twenty-four years of age. He 
received a good education in the public schools 
of his native town. When but ten or twelve 
years old, his father, a manufacturer of fan- 
ning mills, put him at the bench to do wood- 
work. In Waterloo in 1873, at the age of 



tweuty-four, he married Mary Ann, daughter 
of Robert and Catharine (Hench) Eobison, 
both of Perry county. The children of this 
union are : Robert ; Albert ; Jessie ; Chalmers ; 
and Xaomi, all at home. After marriage he 
began housekeeping in Harrisonville, Fulton 
county, Pa., following his trade for three 
years; in 1875 he removed to Connellys 
Mills, engaging in mercantile business. Two 
years after, he disposed of his stock, and in 
1877 removed to Shade Gap, bought store 
buildings from Blair & Robinson, repaired 
them, and put in a stock of general 
merchandise. Since then he has built up a 
large trade. He is a solid Republican of the 
gold standard type and has served as school 
director and borough councilman. A member 
of the Presbyterian church, he is highly hon- 
ored by all in the community because of his 
sterling worth and integrity. 

many years. He had very many friends; his 
death was not only a sore bereavement to his 
family, but also a loss to the communitv. 

DAVID S. PETERSOA^, deceased, a far- 
mer and carpenter of Shade Gap, Huntingdon 
county, Pa., was born in 1827, son of Robert 
and Elizabeth (Hollingsworth) Peterson. His 
father, a native of Dublin township, died 
about 1876 in the same township, aged eighty- 
four years. David S. Peterson was educated 
in the schools of Dublin township. He learned 
carpentry, which he followed all his life, be- 
sides farming. In February, 1856, he mar- 
ried Eliza J., daughter of James and Isabella 
(Campbell) Stitt, born July 16, 1833, in Dub- 
lin township. They settled on the place which 
Mrs. Peterson still owns, and on which their 
children were born and reared. They are: 
Tirzah B. (Mrs. Byers), of Xeelyton, Hunt- 
ingdon county; J. Campbell, a farmer in 
Dublin township, married to Miss Clymans; 
James Xewell, a merchant in Monticello, 
Iowa; Rhoda J., at home; W. Ellis, married 
to Estella Ammerman, is a merchant at Mun- 
son, Clearfield county; Lizzie F. (Mrs. John 
Byers), of Cumberland county; S. Dorris, 
married Miss Montague, has an interest in 
a store at jSTeelyton, Huntingdon county; 
Maggie L.; Annie' E.; John W.^S.; Cora V.; 
and Calvin D. Hays; all at home. 

ilr. Peterson bought 160 acres, which he 
greatly improved. His death occurred in 
1881. He was an active member of the Pres- 
byterian church. A Republican in political 
views, he took a very active part in all town- 
slii]i affairs; he served as school director for 

GEORGE S. APPLEBY, merchant and 
farmer of Decorum, Huntingdon county. Pa., 
was born June 17, 1853, son of John and 
Priscilla (Montague) Appleby. His father 
died when he was three years old. He attend- 
ed public school during the winter months 
until he was twenty years of age. In his 
twenty-third and twenty-fourth years, he 
taught school in Wayne township, Mifflin 
county. In that township, in 1884, he mar- 
ried Mary F., daughter of Jacob and Amanda 
(Morgan) Casner. His children are: Eugene 
H. ; Eva Fay ; and "Wayne Casner. He resided 
in "Wayne township two years, engaged in 
lumbering, after which he returned to Dublin 
township, Huntingdon county, and opened a 
general store at Decorum. He was soon after 
appointed postmaster, and still holds that of- 
fice. He owns and cultivates a small farm 
in Dublin township. Mr. Appleby is a staunch 
Republican, and has served as auditor of his 
township. He is a member of the Presby- 
terian church at Burnt Cabins, Fulton coun- 
ty. His uprightness and perseverance have 
won for him confidence and esteem. 

M. C. STITT, a farmer in Dublin town- 
ship. Shade Gap, Huntingdon county, was 
born JSTovember 24, 1836, son of James and 
Isabella (Campbell) Stitt. His gTandfather, 
Archibald Stitt, was one of the first settlers 
of Dublin township. He was a native of Dub- 
lin, Ireland, where he married and soon after 
with his wife and infant child emigTated to 
the LTnited States. On the voyage they met 
with severe winds and finally encountered a 
fierce storm and were ship-wrecked. All on 
board were on the verge of starvation, ilr. 
Stitt often used to say that the sweetest bite 
he ever had was when nearly starving, he 
found a cracker in a crevice of the ship's hold 
and with this and a bone made soup which 
served to appease his hunger for a while. The 
little child died on the voyage. Coming to 
Dublin township, Huntingdon county, they 
first settled on a farm now owned by Samuel 
"Woodney, and a few years later on the Man- 
sion farm, where IMr. Archibald Stitt died in 
1850. His wife survived him many years. 
Their children were: Archibald, Jr. ; James; 



John; Alolly (Mrs. James Harper); Nancy 
(Mrs. William Harper); Benjamin; and Jane 
(Mrs. William Hudson). The second son, 
James Stitt, was born in Dublin township. 
He was reared on the farm, and learned car- 
pentry, which was his princij^al occupation. 
Having inherited j^art of the homestead, after 
marriage he settled upon it, still working at 
his trade. He married Isabella, daughter of 
Mark Campbell. Their children are: Eliza 
(Mrs. David Peterson); Don-is; M. C; Rhoda 
Ellen (Mrs. Jacob Flasher); Ann, who died 
young; Blair, farmer, of Ohio, died in 1895; 
William J. ; Belle (ilrs. Edward ilcKittrick) ; 
and Margaret (Mrs. William Clymans), de- 
ceased. The children of Mr. and Mrs. David 
Peterson are : Jesse C. ; James Newall ; Rhoda 
Ellen; William Ellis; Smiley Dorris; Lizzie 
(Mrs. John Byers); Margaret; Annie; John; 
Cora; and Hayes. James Stitt and his wife 
lived for many years on their farm ; both died 
on the homestead and are buried in Shade 
Gap. They were members of the Presby- 
terian church. Mr. Stitt was an old line 

M. C. Stitt was born in Dublin township 
and educated in the public schools. He was 
brought up a farmer boy, but when twenty 
years old he started to learn carpentry, but 
two years later returned to farming. On No- 
vember 15, 1859, he married Jane Ann, 
daughter of William and Jane (Carson) 
Flemming. Their children are: Lizzie B.; 
Blair H., a farmer, married to Mary J. Swan; 
Minnie J. (Mrs. J. M. Peterson); Minerva M., 
has been a teacher; William F., a school 
teacher; and Eva K. Mr. and Mrs. Stitt 
at first rented the farm of 240 acres which 
they now own. It then had a house partly 
constructed of logs, but he has since built a 
large and comfortable hoiise of modern de- 
sign. Mr. Stitt is an ardent supporter of the 
Republican party, and in his own township has 
served as school director, supervisor and as- 
sessor. He and his wife are members of the 
Presbyterian church, of which he is an elder. 

ROBERT McNEAL, Shirleysburg, Hunt- 
ingdon county. Pa., son of James and Mary 
(Glenn) McNeal, was born July 21, 1833, on 
the farm which he owns and on which he 
lives. His great-grandfather was born in 
County DoNvn, Ireland, and came to America 
some time after his marriage, reaching these 

shores about 1772. Although poor in finan- 
cial resources, he was rich in the possession 
of five boys and four girls. He made his home 
on the ridge in Dublin township, Cumberland 
county, now Tell township, Huntingdon coun- 
ty, taking up over 200 acres of land. He was 
of Scotch-Irish extraction, and a member of 
the Presbyterian church, a devout Christian. 
He died about 1838; his wife, who was Miss 
Mary Cruikshank, suiwiving him a number 
of years and dying at a very advanced age. 
They had these children: Robert; James; 
Joshua ; Archie ; Alec, went to Bucyrus, Ohio, 
about 1S36, and died there; Molly (Mrs. Jef- 
fries) ; Peggy (Mrs. Lauther) ; Prudence (Mrs. 
William Irving); and Mrs. Stunkard. The 
first four brothers lived on adjoining farms 
near Three Springs, Pa., where they all died. 
Robert McNeal (1), eldest of this family, was 
born in County Down, Ireland, about 1770, 
and was a lad of twelve when his parents came 
to this country. He was reared on his father's 
farm in Tell township, and after his marriage 
to Miss Katy Campbell, of Path Valley, he 
settled on Clear Ridge, near Three Springs. 
He with his three brothers took up their abode 
in the woods, and cleared a good farm. He 
died in this neighborhood in 1859, his wife 
having preceded him to the grave. Their 
children were: James; Alec; Archie; John; 
Ellen (Mrs. Campbell); Jane (Mrs. John Bo- 
lingerl. Three Springs; and Eliza (Mrs. John 
A. Black), Fulton county, Pa.; all now de- 

James McNeal, father of Robert JMcNeal 
(2), was born in Tell township, March 23, 
1808. He was brought up by his gTandfather 
and received a common school education. 
Soon after his marriage to ilary Glenn, he 
settled on a farm of 111 acres in Tell town- 
ship, inherited by his wife from her father, 
Hugh Glenn, a native of Ireland, who had 
come here before the Revolutionary war and 
fought all through it. Mr. McNeal improved 
the faiTU by the erection of new buildings and 
by making other changes required on a first- 
class place. He was a member of the Pres- 
byterian church at Shade Ga]i and was elected 
eider, but did not seiwe. He died in Tell 
township; his wife survived him several 
years, dying in 1890, aged eighty-one. Their 
children are: Robert; Mary M. (Mrs. har- 
per); Martha S. CMrB. Thomas Appleby), de- 
ceased; Catherine C. (Mrs. Thomas Appleby), 



of Mount Union, Pa.; and John A. A., died 
in 1851, at the age of eleven. 

Robert McXeal attended the public schools, 
and when he was old enough, worked at home 
on the farm until his man'iage to iliss Susan, 
daughter of James and Margaret Ford, No- 
vember 11, 1856. After this he removed to 
"William McKnight's farm, which he rented 
for three years, and then rented a faiin near 
Burnt Cabins. In 1861, he sold out and re- 
moved to Shade Gap, and was here about six 
months, when he bought the old Wilson farm 
in Dublin township. Here he remained until 
the fall of 1863, when he enlisted at Hunt- 
ingdon, Pa., in Company G, One Hundred 
and Forty-third Pennsylvania Volunteers, 
Col. E. L. Dana; joined the regiment at Cul- 
peper, Va., and with it procee<led to the 
fi'ont, their first operation being in Meade's 
retreat to Centreville Heights. They were 
brought up in line at Thoroughfare Gap to 
support Ivilpatrick's cavalry, and afterwards 
went into camp at Culpeper and remained 
imtil May, 1864. Then they moved on and 
later took part in the battle of the Wilderness. 
Mr. McNeal was wounded in the first day's 
fight, May 5, the ball passing clear through 
the right forearm. He was sent to the field 
hospital, remaining there two days, when he 
was ordered to Fredericksburg, then to Bell 
Plains Landing; thence by steamboat to 
Washington, where he remained for two 
weeks, and thence to Wilmington, Del., where 
he lay in contract hosjjital. While here food 
was so scarce that the boys determined to 
write to Governor Curtin about it. They did 
so, and the Governor sent his wife and other 
ladies do^\^l to investigate. It happened that 
when the visitors appeared the men were eat- 
ing some soup, which Mrs. Curtin asked to be 
allowed to taste, ilr. iMcXeal remonstrated, 
urging that he had only one spoon; but the 
lady insisttil. nml liming tasted the food threw 
it away in di-un-t. -:iving it was totally unfit 
to be eaten. Cunseqiicntly the wounded Penn- 
sylvania soldiers were soon after removed to 
the Haddington hospital, Philadelphia. On 
the 3d of March, 1865, Mr. McXeal with oth- 
ers was taken to Washington and assigned to 
the Second Battalion of invalids. He was hon- 
orably .liscJKiv-cd ilay 31, 1865. 

lictiiniiiiLi Ih'hic he resumed farming on the 
Wils..,n farm until 1873, when he sold it to 
George Mills. In 1872 he bought the old 

home farm of 181 acres, erecting thereon a 
new house. In 1891, he retired from active 
work, selling the farm to his son-in-law in 
18U2, but four years later he bought it back. 
Mr. McXeal is a Presbyterian, and has been 
for years an elder in the church. He has filled 
many townshij) offices, also the office of county 
commissioner from 1887 to 1890. They have 
one child: Margaret E. Glenn, who married 
Samuel Goshoni, a farmer. 

HEX'RY L. BOOK, Shade Valley, Hunt- 
ingdon county. Pa., son of Samuel and Anna 
(Coder) Book, was born in Hull Valley, Crom- 
well township, December 27, 1846. His pa- 
ternal great-grandfather, whose first name is 
unknown, came from Gei-many and settled in 
Lancaster county. Pa., where he lived until 
his death. The grandfather, John Book, was 
born in Lancaster county, where he married, 
and soon afterwards came to Juniata county 
and settled near Oakland Mills. Here he 
bought a farm, which he continued to cultivate 
up to the time of his death. His wife also died 
on the farm. Their children are : John, mar- 
ried Miss Holtzapple, and resided on a farm 
near Mexico, Juniata county, where he died; 
Samuel; David, died young; Henry, married 
Miss Mitchell and lived near Lewistown, Pa. ; 
Abraham, married and lived near Oakland 
Mills, deceased; Daniel, married Miss Price, 
lived and died near Orbisonia, Pa. ; Catharine, 
who married Lewis Evans, the former dying 
in Huntingdon county, the latter in Fulton 
county; Martha, who is unmarried and lives 
on part of the old homestead near Oakland 
Mills. Besides these there were two children 
who died in infancy, names unknown. Samuel 
Book was born on the old homestead near 
Oakland Mills, June 1 4, 1808. He attended 
both German and English schools and received 
a fair education. His youth was spent at 
home, and while still young he learned coojj- 
erage, which occupation he followed for sev- 
eral years, and then turned his attention to 
farming. After his marriage he resided near 
Lewistown, iliffliu county, where he worked 
at his trade. He later removed to Hill Val- 
ley, near Orbisonia, where he bought a tract 
of farm land, which, after cultivating it for 
a few years, he sold, and bought 150 acres in 
Tell township. To this he added 150 acres 
more, and with true progressiveness began the 
erection of two cood barns and several out- 



6' ' ^ 


'a.; and Johw A, A., d'n 

uiuvt-d to Shade ' ■ ■• "it biN 

months, when In "n farm 

in i ) Mn, t..W! : .1 until 

i Hunt- 
■ 1'. ;^:ij.! \ oiunteers, 
(. . rVie regiment at Cul- 

].. ,t proceeded ^to the 

tvf: u being in Meade's 

10 i ■' eights. They were 

Lr, , , , Lhoroughfare Gap to 

si;:i[iort. Kiipatnck's c-avahy, and afterwards 
n . nt into camp at Cnlpeper and remained 
nr.ti! ifay, 1S64. Then they moved on and 
later took part in the battle of the Wilderness. 
Mr. McXeal was wounded in the first day's 
light. May 5, the ball passing clear through 
Oie right forearm. He was sent to the field 
)!<i-;p;i;ii. r.-uiaiiiiiiij- ^Jioro two davs, when he 
w.i Isbnrg, then to Bd 

PK by steamboat i 

WtiM 1 !:•_:! ai. ',:;<-!( i lu remained for two 
weeks, and thence to "Wilmington, Del., where 
he lay in contract hospital. "While here food 
was so scarce tliat the boys determined to 
\v:ite to Governor Cnrtin about it. They did 
r:,), .nvl flic ('wVfriK.r s(-nt his ^vife and other 
Ini' 'c. It happened that 

\vj • . d the men were eat- 

in- - a .vjrs. Curtin asked to be 

all' Mr. ilcXeal remonstrated, 

iivj ' .",nly one spoon; but the 

1 :i. I . raated the food threw 

ii 'a; it was totally unfit 

: ly the wounded Pemi- 
-le noon after removed to 
'spital. Philadelphia. On 
■" ^^r. ^McXeal with oth- 
uton and assigned r. 
vnlids. He was hoi' 

firming on tl.- 

1 he sold it i 

l>ought the old 

of 181 acres, erecting thereon ; 
[n 1891, he retired from acti\ 
,g the farm to his son-in-law i. 
'»ur years later he bought it back 
' '> a Presbyterian, and has bet . 

1 in the church. He has fiUeJ 
nees, also the office of count \ 

■ '11 1SS7 to 1800. They hav« 

^ act E. (jllenn, who married 

1, a farmer. 

HENRY L. BOOK, Shade Valley, Hunr 
ingdon county. Pa., son of Samuel and Ann;'. 
(Coder) Book, was born in Hnll Valley, Crom- 
well township, December 27, 1846. His pa 
temal great-gran<lfather, whose first name i>: 
\mknov\u, came from Germany and settled iu 
Lanf" "--r '•onnty, Pa., where he lived unlil 
hi^ ■ arand father, John Book, was 

bo; • county, where he marrieii, 

au'i ids came to Juniata coimty 

ail' Oakland Mills. Here lu' 

bo.' ieh he continued to cultivate 

uj) ' lis death. His wife also died 

on ir children are: John, mar- 

ried '\Ac. and resided on a farm 

ne;i: 'unty, where he died; 

Saii .img; Henry, married 

^I near Lewistown,"Pa.; 

lived near Oakland 
married Miss Price, 
-unia, Pa. ; Catharine, 
Y'- "s, the former dying 

ill ^'"? latter in Fitlton 

CO- iriod and live^ 

on near Oakland 

M)i ■ e two children 

who ..ii-ii Hi ml'ancA, uam^^s unknown. Samuel 
Book was born on the old homestead near 
Oflii ■ . \(.!u ; ,,. !i 1808. He attended 
boi ' ! schools and received 

a . outh was spent at 

honu- .-iwinK - ■ Mung he learned coop- 
erage, wliich occ)i|,;tiiu)i he followed for sev- 
eral ■■ ii^. iin.l !'■ • lirned his attention to 
fan riiage he resided near 

L.> . ly, where he worketl 

'•■moved to Hill Val- 
:e he bought a tract 
rpr cultivating it for 
i bought 150 acres in 
he added 150 acrc- 
■jressiveness began tin; 
i iLcUuu >/. ;.u, -i.uJ barns and several oul- 


Jl£S:^^^^^^z^^n/^ 6^iy^^tnr3-tx^£^.^^ 



buildings. He was an industrious farmer, 
ami very ener^•etie, and for many yeai-s prior 
to liis (leatli couid do as large a day's work 
as any young man. He many times labored 
all day on the farm and at niglit worked at 
his trade. Even his Avife would sometimes 
take a hand at the fann work. During one 
winter he threshed with a flail over 600 bush- 
els of grain. When he iirst began, wages 
were very low, his compensation for a day's 
Avork being often not more than twenty-five 
cents. ]\rany of the boys refused to work for 
this, but he used to say that when night came 
he was by that twenty-five cents and his board 
ahead of the other boys. Mrs. Samuel Book 
died in 188S, and her husband in 1887; both 
are buried in Brook graveyard, in Tell town- 
ship. They were devout Christians, members 
of the German Baptist church, of which he 
was a deacon for many years. He was a Ke- 
publican. Their children are as follows: Ed- 
mund D., a famaer near Blain, Perry county, 
whose first wife was iliss Goshoni, his second, 
Elizabeth Long; Isaac, farmer in Juniata 
county, married Mary Shearer; John, died 
in the service during the late war, at Mary- 
land Heights; Elizabeth (Mrs. James Sei- 
bert), "Williamsport, Pa.; Samuel, who mar- 
ried Mary Widner; Catharine (Mrs. Jacob 
Long), "Wormleysburg, Pa.; Henry L.; Mary 
A. (Mrs. Wilson Eow), Hagerstown, Md.; Da- 
vid, farmer of Blain, Perry county, married 
Sarah Dobbs. 

Henry L. Book attended the public schools 
until he was old enough to work the farm for 
his father, with whom he remained until af- 
ter his marriage in 1870, to Miss Salinda, 
daughter of John and Barbara (Harnish) Sil- 
verthorn. For a short time after this he re- 
mained at home and then for two years work- 
ed for iloses Burge, of Tell township. Dur- 
ing the next two years, he rented a farm of 
Mrs. Samuel ilcMarts. At the end of this 
time he again took up his residence on the 
homestead and farmed for his father for ten 
years. Then, in partnership with J. M. Blair, 
he opened a general store at Blairs Mills, 
which they conducted for two years. He 
then sold out and opened a general store at 
Eichvale, but after five years he disposed of 
it and since then has resided on the homestead, 
part of which was bequeathed to him by his 
father. Mr. Book is a Republican, and has 
filled worthily many township offices. He 

and his wife are meml^ers of tlie Presbyterian 
church at Waterloo, Pa.; he is ruling elder 
of the same. He is a close student, a lover of 
books and good literature. They have no chil- 

W. B. KLIXG, jSTossville, Huntingdon 
coimty. Pa., son of Jacob and Nancy J. (Clay- 
ton) Kling, was born in Tell township, Hunt- 
ingdon county, October 9, 1847. Jacob Kling 
was born in Perry county. Pa., in 1825, 
and in 1832 went to Huntingdon county to 
li^-e with his grandmother. He married in 
Tell township, and after his marriage settled 
on a farm which he purchased and on which 
he still lives. He is a strong adherent of the 
cause of Democracy. They had a family of 
nine children, seven of whom are still living. 
Several years ago Mrs. Jacob Kling died. 
The family are members of the Methodist 

W. B. Kling spent his youth in Tell town- 
ship, attending school, and until his twenty- 
first year he stayed at home and worked on the 
farm. In 1870, his twenty-third year, he en- 
listed in the regular army at Carlisle for a 
term of five years. Having been assigned to 
Company M, Fourth Cavalry, he joined his 
regiment at Fort Concho, Tex., and spent 
one year and three months at San Antonio, 
Tex. In May, 1872, he was in active en- 
gagements with Indians in the Santa Rosa 
mountains in Mexico. He was then with Gen- 
eral Mackenzie on the scout into Mexico in 
which the treaty between the United States 
and that country wa^ broken, by an armed 
party luivin- irn-:<, ,1 the l.oiitnlary line. This 
was in .May. \^~i'l\ ir nearly caused war be- 
tween the two countries. JMr. Kling was pro- 
moted to corporal in 1874, and was discharged 
at Fort Concho, Tex., April 7, 1875. Re- 
turning home, he taught school for three 
years. In 1878 he built a store room in Noss- 
ville, but it soon proved too small for his in- 
creasing business, in consequence of which 
he tore it down and began in his present place. 
He has a full line of general merchandise and 
a constantly growing trade. True to his fath- 
er's example and precept, Mr. Kling is a 
staimch supporter of the Democratic party. 
He has read extensively on the much agitated 
issue between monometallism and bimetallism. 
He filled the ofiice of auditor for the township 
so satisfactorily that he was re-elected for a 



second three years' term. Excepting one term 
of four Years, he has been postmaster contin- 
uously since 1S77. 

ilr. Kling is happily endowed with versatile 
talents, and has many sources of enjoyment. 
His "bump of construction" makes him skil- 
ful in repairing watches, clocks, organs, sew- 
ing machines, in short, almost anything that 
can need repairing. As a hunter, he has 
scarcely his equal in the valley. He is very 
proficient in music, a ready "sight-reader," and 
a performer on the cornet, violin, guitar, man- 
dolin, organ, flute and fife; he has utilized 
this talent by teaching vocal music, and by 
giving his services for ten years in the Sunday- 
school choir. ]\Ir. Ivling is also fond of trav- 
eling; he has visited nearly all the principal 
cities of the United States, besides several 
Mexican cities. He was present at the dedi- 
cation of the monumental tomb of General 
Grant, April 27, 1897. 

"William B. Kling was married in 1876 to 
Bella, daughter of Thomas Gardner. Three 
of their children died in infancy; those sur- 
viving are: Esley, in the store with his father; 
Olive, at home; Violet; Eosetta; and Elmira. 
The family attend the ilethodist church. 

JOHX M. BLAIR, Blairs Mills, Hunting- 
don county. Pa., son of John H. and Mary 
(McConnell) Blair, was born at the above men- 
tioned place October 10, 1850. His grand- 
father, John Blair, was a native of Shade Gap, 
Huntingdon county, and married Miss Jane 
Cree. They had a family of six children, four 
boys and two girls. John H. Blair, father of 
John M., was born near Shade Gap, February 
2, 1819. and came to Tell township in 1847. 
He received a common school education, and 
married after coming to Tell to\vnsliip. He 
and his brother, A. C. Blair, formed a mercan- 
tile partnership, which they continued for sev- 
eral vears. John H. Blair now lives a retired 
life 'at Blairs Mills. His wife died in 1874. 
He married again, his second wife being Lucy 
ISToble, now also deceased. Their children are : 
John M.: Dr. G. A., of Gerard. Kan.; Alinda; 
and Haretta. John IL Blair has been identi- 
fied with the Republican party all his life. 

John M. Blair enjoyed educational advan- 
tages superior to those offered by the public 
schools. Besides attending the common 
schools in Tell township, he studied at Tus- 
carora Academy, Academia, Pa., and at Spring 

Bun Academy. "When he was twelve years 
old he entered his father's store, and after 
reaching his majority became a partner, con- 
tinuing until 1892, when he established a new 
store, putting in a full line of new goods. To 
his habit of honest and fair dealing, may be 
attributed the success of his undertakings. Li 
the recent j^ast, he erected a large hotel at 
Blairs Mills, and also several dwelling houses. 
He has an interest in the Tuscarora Valley 
Railroad, which ran as far as Blairs Mills in 
October, 1895. Mr. Blair is a staunch Re- 
publican, has been school dii-ector for nine 
years, and has held the office of postmaster 
since its establishment in 1883. On April 15, 
1873, he was married to Miss Xannie, daugh- 
ter of John and Barbara (Harnish) Silver- 
thorn, who was born in Shade Valley, her par- 
ents having come hither from Lancaster coun- 
ty. Pa. They had thi-ee children: Holmes, 
died in infancy; Alda May, died at the age 
of nineteen. Mr. and Mrs. Blair are mem- 
bers of the Presbyterian church; Mr. Blair 
is an elder. He was chosen the first president 
of the Christian Endeavor Society of the Pres- 
bvterian church near Blairs Mills. 

^IRS. MARY C. McCOOL, Huntingdon, 
Pa., wife of William McCool, was born in 
Smithfield township, Huntingdon county, Pa., 
February S, 1849 She is a daughter of 
Michael and ]\Iary (Beiland) Eley. Michael 
Eley was a farmer, and a native of Mifflin 
county. Their children are : Amos, who died 
in infancy; Elizabeth, residing in McKees- 
port. Pa.; William J., of Hmitingdon, Pa.; 
Mary (Mrs. jMcCooI) ; Louama E. (Mrs. Chi-is- 
tian Buck), died in 1890, in Tyrone, Pa.; 
Sarah A. (Mrs. James Cassidv), of Hunting- 
don; Matilda C. (:Mrs. R. M. Blatt), of Oneida 
to-miship; Xancy C, died in 1886; Emma 
R. (Mrs. Griffith Keiper), of Huntingdon 
county; Rhoda, died in her twenty-second 
year; Juniata F. (ilrs. Wallace Long), of 
Oneida township, residing on the old home 
farm. The daughters of this marriage, ^^-ith 
creditable diligence and filial affection, aided 
their parents by "living out" among the neigh- 
boring farmers' families. The father, iMichael 
Eley, died in 1889; but Mrs. Eley still sur- 
vives, is in her seventy-foiirth year, and re- 
sides in Oneida to^^Tiship. 

Mary C. Eley was educated in the common 
schools. She was fii-st married in 186S, to 

II^XTI^'aDOx. mifflix. juxiata axd perry couxtifs. 


Elijah Coiigiieuonr, who is deceased. Their 
children were: Anna; Marv E.; Alice G.; 
and Rnssel. Her second marriage was to Ja- 
cob 11. Ke23hart, by whom she has three chil- 
dren: Manrice B. ; Elsie Y.; and ]\Iiles M. 

After iJr. Kephart's death, his widow wa^ 
again married, to William C. McCool. To 
this nnion no children have been born. Mrs. 
McCool is a memlier of the Fnited Brethren 
church, in which coniniunion she has brought 
up all her children. 

Jacob R. Kephart was born and reared in 
Clearlield county, Pa., where he resided most 
of his life, excepting tive years in Maryhuid, 
and eight years in Huntingdon county. His 
iirst wife was Eachel Kephart, by whom he 
had these children: Ann (Mrs. Samuel Tur- 
ner); Charlotte (Mrs. Hiram Kephart); 
Amanda (Mrs. Thomas Kephart); Joseph, 
married to Clarissa Davis; Belle (Mrs. Austin 
Davis); Jonathan, married to Xettie Green. 
^Vll uf these children reside in Cleai-field coun- 
ty. Mr. Kephart's first wife died in 1S72, 
and in 1876 he was married to Mrs. Mary C. 
Coughenour, by whom he had three children 
who have been mentioned in the notice of 
Mrs. Mary C. McCool. Jacob R. Kephart 
was a rciircsciitative farmer and also carried 
on the liuiilicr business for a number of years. 
His father. l)a\-iii Kephart, was one of the 
first settlers in (Jlcarfield countv. 

Eluutingdon county, was boru in "Womelsdorf, 
Berks county, Pa. He is the son of Peter 
"Womelsdorf. His grandfather, Daniel Wom- 
elsdorf (1), was a commissary in General 
Washington's army, and sacrificed almost all 
his property in the struggle for freedom; he 
was a gallant soldier and has a noble record. 
The father of Daniel Womelsdorf, Peter 
Womelsdorf, born in 1788, was a turner and 
chair-maker. On his mother's side, he was a 
descendant of Conrad Weiser. His children 
are: Isaac, died at the age of sixty-five, buried 
in Womelsdorf, Berks county; ilary (ilrs. 
Coolbaugh); William, died young; Daniel; 
Susan, died in Berks county; Sarah, rcsi<lfs in 
Tamaqua, Schuylkill county. Pa.; Kate (Mrs. 
Boas), of Tamaqua, Pa.; Rebecca (Mrs. Dan- 
iel Siegfried); and John, deceased. 

Daniel Womelsdorf was educated in the 
common schools. He learned tailoring, but 
abandoned his trade, and taught school for 

some years. In 1(^GU, he was elected register 
and recorder of Huntingdon countv, which 
office he held for six years. Since 1860 he 
has de^•(lted his attention to truck gardening. 
Mr. Womelsdorf is a steadfast member of the 
Republican party. 

Daniel Womelsdorf was marriol in Hunt- 
ingdon county, February 16, ls46, to Han- 
nah Housekeeper, a native of Chester county. 
Pa. Their only child is John Howard; in 
the flood of 1889 he was imprisoned for fif- 
teen hours in the second story of his house, 
and was rescued by a boatman. .Mr. Daniel 
Womelsdorf is a member of the Methodist 
(diurch in Huntino'don. 

JOHX McCAHAX, Huntingdon, Hunt- 
ingdon county, Pa., was born on the homestead 
in Sraithfield township, son of Thomas S. and 
Rachel (Higgins) ]\IcCahan. Thomas S. Mc- 
Cahan, a farmer of Huntingdon county, died 
December 15, 186S. His wife, who was born 
in Williamsburg, Blair county, Pa., died in 
1852. Their children are: John; Mary (Mrs. 
W. H. Smith), of Duncannon, Pa.; and Ra- 
chel, who died in infancy. In 1858, Thomas 
S. ]\IcCahan married Sarah L. Cameron, of 
Iluiitiiiuchm county. Their children ai'e: Jen- 
nie; Ibiii-v, uf Kirksville, Mo.; and Minnie. 

John AlcCahan attended the public schools 
of Walker township, and of Huntingdon, Pa., 
but was unable to remain long at school. He 
first found employment as brakeman on the 
coal trains of the Huntingdon and Broad Top 
Railroad. He was afterwards baggage mas- 
ter, and for eighteen months served as en- 
gineer on the same road; no accident occurred 
while he had the engine in charge. Notwith- 
standing his success as engineer, he gave up 
his position and turned his attention to dairy 
farming, in which business he is still en- 
gaged, ilr. ilcCahan is a staunch Republi- 
can. He belongs to the ilasonic order. Mount 
Moriah Lodge, Xo. 300, Huntingdon, Pa. 

John McCahan was married in 1870, to 
lAfaria W., daughter of the late John A. Xash, 
editor of the Huntingdon Journal. Mr. Mc- 
( 'ahan was elected justice of the peace, but 
did not seiwe. He was treasurer and is now 
assessor of Smithfield township. 

AXDREW GRFBB. :\rcConnellstown, 
Huntingdon county. Pa., was born in Spring- 
field township, Huntingdon county, February 



16, 1822. Samuel GriiLb, father of Andrew, 
was born in Huntingdon county, 179-, his par- 
ents being among the first settlers of the coun- 
ty. In his early years lie began farming, in 
which occupation he passed the rest of his life. 
He was a Democrat of the old school, firm in 
his convictions, fearless in the discharge of 
duty. He married Hannah Boyer, who was 
also a native of Huntingdon county. Of their 
six children, three died young. Those remain- 
ing are: Andrew; Abraham; and Sarah (Mrs. 
Valentine B. Gilbauch). The father and 
mother both died in the township in which 
they were bom, and where they were well 
known and highly respected for their many 
good qualities. They were members of the 
Lutheran church, taking an active part in its 
work, and their descendants have not departed 
from the faith. 

Andrew Grubb never received the benefit 
of the public schools. He attended a subscrip- 
tion school during the winter months, and in 
the summer worked on the homestead. He 
grew up as a farmer's boy, and spent his entire 
life as a farmer and stock-raiser, making many 
improvements on his farm. He is a man of ex- 
cellent character and manly habits, which have 
gained for him universal respect and confi- 
dence. He is a Democrat. During the latter 
part of his life he has met with several painful 
accidents which have to a certain degree af- 
fected his health. A serious fall sustained 
several years ago, which resulted in a broken 
leg, has unfortunately made it necessary for 
him to use crutches. 

On June 6, ISGl, at Marklesburg, Andrew 
Grubb married Ellen, daughter of Alexander 
and Jane (Non-is) McCall, of Scotch-Irish de- 
scent. They had two children: Harry, residing 
on the homestead ; and Thomas, died ]\Iarch 
26, 189". Mr. Grubb is a member of the 
Lutheran church. 

Harry (h-iibb, -un nf Andrew Grubb, was 
born inValk.T mwHship, :\Iarch 3, 1867. He 
attended tlic pnlilic schools of McConnells- 
town and worked on the homestead farm from 
early boyhood. He has since gone into the 
manufacturing business; he has a ]5ortable 
saw-mill with which he saws lumber; he also 
does threshing, etc. In Huntingdon, October 
31, 1894, he married Elinor, daiighter of 
Lukens and Clara fMcCarthy) Pollock, who 
reside in Huntingdon. They have one child, 
Carl Edcar, 1)orn August 22, 1895. 

ISAAC KUETZ, McConnellstown, Himt- 
ingdon county. Pa., was bom in Germany 
Valley, Huntingdon county, October 28, 
1823. His father, Jacob Kurtz, of German 
descent, was born in Chester county, Pa., 
1783, the ancestor of this well known family 
having emigrated to America before the 
stormy days of the Eevolution. Jacob Kurtz 
spent the greater part of his life in Hunting- 
don county, where he was engaged in farm- 
ing and other pursuits. He married Xancy 
Hess, born in Lancaster county, and of Ger- 
man descent. They had ele%'en children, all 
of whom died except a son, Isaac, and a daugh- 
ter, Fannie, widow of James Lee, of "Wood- 
bury, Pa. Jacob Kurtz was a staunch old line 
"\\liig. He died in Walker township, as 
did also his wife. They were members of the 
]\rennonite church. 

Isaac Kurtz received his education in the 
public schools, taking advantage of the op- 
portunities of the short winter term, and at 
other times working on the farm. His life 
was spent in agricultural pursuits. He was of 
the Republican party. 

At Martinsburg, Blair county, April 22, 
1817, he married Isabella (lahagen. Their 
children were: David, born February 1, 1818, 
resides in Germany Valley; Mary E., born 
September 19, 1849, widow of Samuel Lei- 
bensperger; Xancy J., born April 15, 1852, 
is the wife of Lewis Hood, of Penn township ; 
Wilson "W., born September 29, 1854, resides 
in Huutingdon; Margaret A., born January 
22, I860, married David Fink, of "Walker 
tdwnsliip. is deceased. On June 22, 1874, 
ilrs. Isabella Kurtz, died. Two years later, 
December 14, 1876, Mr. Kurtz married 
again ; his second wife was Hannah, daughter 
of Christian and Christina (Menser) Burger. 
To this marriage there was no issue. The 
Kurtz family belong to the Keformed church; 
they are well and favorably known, and much 

L. I. BIGELOW, :\L D.. McConnells- 
town, Huntinadon count v, Pa., was boru 
at "Washington Mills, la.,' March 30, 1869. 
Xorthboro,"Mass., December 15, 1839, and 
was a son of Dr. L. Loomis Bigelow, a 
well kno\\m physician of that town and State. 
He received his early education in his native 
State, and liaving previously read medicine 



uiuler his father, he entered Jefferson Medical 
College, Philadelijhia, from which institiition 
he was graduated with honor. After his grad- 
uation he removed to "Westmoreland county, 
Pa., where he jDractised for a short time, but 
shortly after he A\'ent to Iowa, making his 
home at Washington Mills, where he built up 
a very extensive j^ractise. Nine years after 
he came east again and resided at Belleville, 
Mifflin county, Pa., where he followed the 
profession for seven years. He died Septem- 
ber 15, 1882, leaving a wife, several children, 
and many friends to mouru his loss. He was 
a man of the highest honor, strictest integrity, 
whom to know was to admire and revere. He 
was. a Democrat of the old school and a mem- 
ber of the I. O. 0. F. At Belleville he mar- 
ried Eva E., daughter of Jesse W. Hortman, 
a blacksmith of that place. Their children 
are: L. I.; Jesse H., artist in Belleville; 
Eliphaz Custer, an artist; Mary C; Julia; 
Frederick; and Katie, who died young. ^Irs. 
Bigelow resides in Belleville with her family. 
L. I. Bigelow attended the Belleville 
schools, graduating in 1S85, after which he 
taught school for one term. Desiring to study 
a profession, he read medicine with his uncle. 
Dr. Bro-^vn A. Bigelow, from whose office he 
entered the College of Physicians and Sur- 
geons, Baltimore, Md. From this celebrated 
institution he was graduated in the spring of 
1891, after which he attended a course of lec- 
tures at Jetfcr^on M(Mli,-;i] Cillrov. Philadel- 
phia. Thus si,|,.ihli,llv r,|iu|.|HMl tor Ills work, 
he took up his rcsiclcncr in ..Mc< '(Hiiicllstown. 
Dr. Orlady having died six months pre\'ious. 
Dr. Bigelow succeeded him, and has built up 
a A'ery extensive practise, second to none in 
the county. During his five years' residence 
in McConnellstown he has performed success- 
fully many difficult operations. He makes a 
specialty of plastic operations, grafting on 
even toes and fingers with marked success. 
Although the Doctor is yet a young man, his 
eA'ident ability, together with his kindness and 
courtesy, have easily won for him an enviable 
place in the minds and hearts of the many per- 
sons with whom he comes in contact. He is 
a worthy son of a worthy sire. For four gen- 
erations there has been a doctor in the family, 
each one of whom has made a name for himself 
in the profession. Dr. Bigelow is a uicnibiT 
of the Knights of the Golden Eagle N<'. "'O^, 

]\rcConuellstown. He votes the Democratic 

town, Huntingdon county. Pa., was born at 
ilcConnellstown, 3Iay o', 1860. He is the 
son of Martin B. and Mary D. (Xeff) Orlady. 
Martin Orlady, the elder, was a native of 
Pennsylvania and a farmer. Martin Orlady, 
M. D., father of Lambert ^L Orlady, was born 
in Huntingdon county in 1820. He attended 
the schools of his native county and at ]i[ead- 
ville. Pa., and taught in the countv. After- 
wards he attciHlcd and onichiaTcl fvum Jeffer- 
son y\r,\\ru\ Collrn,.. 1 'I , i hi. 1, •! ] .1 i in. aiid later 
graduati'd in ^^l■gl■l■y fi-mn the .Mnlical Uni- 
versity of Xew York. He returned to McCon- 
nellstown m 1850 and began a practise which, 
continued for forty yeai-s and was extended 
through the valley. Fie also served as school 
director and took an active i^art in polities, 
first as a Democrat, afterwards becoming a 

ilartin Orlady was married to Mary D. 
Xetf, daughter of Andrew Xeff, a farmer of 
Porter township. She was born November 
26, 1826. Their children are: Henry, de- 
ceased; Elizabeth, wife of A. R. Robb, a 
farmer of Walker township; Laiu-a, deceased; 
Alice, deceased vdie of Alexander K. Long, 
of Huntingdon ; Lambert ]\I. ; and Benjamin, 
dry-goods merchant in North Dakota. !Mr. 
Orlailv (lied in ^McConnellstown, January 8, 

Land)ert ^I. Orlady derived his education 
from the district school, normal school and 
Juniata College and the State Normal School 
at Lock Haven, Pa. At the age of nineteen 
years he began to teach school in Juniata town- 
ship; he has taught in McConnellstown for 
fifteen years, and has chosen this important 
and useful profession as his life's work. His 
kind and cheerful manner especially fit him 
for his work and win for him the esteem of 
his associates. ]Mr. Orladv is a Republican, 
andaK. ofC.E. 

Ai;i;.\nA^r (iRUBB. ircConucllstowu, 
Huntingdon county. Pa., was born May 15, 
IMS, in Hopewell township, son of Samuel 
and Hannah (Bover) Grubb. He is a brother 
of .\ndn-w ( ivul.'b. of Walker township. Mr. 
(Inibi.V bovliood was siirnt on his father's 



farm, working with bis father in summer, and 
attending subseriiJtion school during the three 
winter months in a log school house with win- 
dows of oiled paper. At the age of twenty, 
lie began to learu carpentry and after three 
years became a journeyman, filling that posi- 
tion for two years. -Then he began business 
for himself in the valley, building many farm 
houses and barns, besides several houses in 
McConnellstown. He was also for several 
years a millwright, working in different parts 
of the county. He removed to j\IcConnells- 
town in 1842, and built his home, a $2,000 
brick dwelling, and the workshop in which he 
still carries on the business. Abraham Grubb 
was married in 1S4T in "Walker township, to 
Rachel, daughter of John Given, a farmer of 
"Walker townshii^. She was born in Hunting- 
don county in 1826. Their children are: 
James, who died at the age of ten years ; Eliza- 
beth, ■n-ife of Eoss Houck, of McConnells- 
town; Junetia; Andrew B. 

Andrew B. Grubb was born iu McConnells- 
town, February 13, 1855. He attended the 
township school and Dickinson Seminary, at 
Williams]3ort, Pa. Under his father's in- 
structions, he became a skilful carpenter, 
joiner and millwi-ight, and has been in the 
undertaking business with him in McCon- 
nellstowTi for nearly twenty-five years; they 
have been very successful. Andrew B. Grubb 
was married in Walker township in May, 
1ST7, to Samantha B. Yocum, born in Juniata 
township in 1853, and died January 22, 1892. 
They had no children. 

Abraham Grubb is a Democrat, and was 
several times elected as auditor on the ticket 
of that party. His son served as assessor one 
term and for three years as school director; 
he is also a Iv. of G. E. Mr. Grubb, Sr., was 
an I. O. O. E., one of the first in this county 
to join that society. Abraham Grubb is a de- 
voted and consistent member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, which he serves as treasurer 
and steward. His long life of abstinence from 
tobacco and alcoholic drinks speaks iu the 
cause of temperance more eloquently than 
words. He and his son are both teachers in 
the Sunday-school. 

Walker township, and a son of Benjamin Hetf- 
ner, also of Walker township. The family 
is of German descent. Eor generations they 
have been farmers, and progressive ones, Ben- 
jamin Heflner cultivating with much success 
nearly two hundred acres of land. Among 
other improvements he built a fine large brick 
house at a cost of $3,000 and a new barn. He 
married Eliza Linkenteller, a native of Wil- 
liamsburg. Their children are: Samuel; 
John; Joseph; Allison, deceased; James; "Wil- 
liam; Franklin; Mai-shall; and Jennie. The 
mother is deceased. Mr. Heffner's second wife 
was Eliza Stales, widow of John Simpson. 
Their children are: Annie, "w-idow of G. A. 
Stewart; Ellie and Mary. The father died 
in 1894 after a long and useful life. In the 
church of his choice, the German Reformed, 
he held the office of deacon, and later that of 
elder. He was a Republican. His widow 
died in February, 1895. 

William Heffner attended the township 
schools in his early boyhood, but the greater 
l^art of his life has been spent in diligent labor 
on the home farm which he now so successfully 
operates, making a specialty of raising fine 
stock. In 1878 he married Martha Grove, 
who was born in Huntingdon county. Their 
children are: Ellie; Pearl; and Maud, de- 
ceased. In March, 1888, the mother died. 
Like his father, William Heft'uer is a Republi- 
can; in his chttrch relations he is equally 
loyal, being now a deacon of the German Re- 
formed congregation. He is an honest, hard- 
working man, worthy of and enjoying the re- 
spect of all who know him. 

WIELIAM HEFFXER, W^alker town- 
ship, Huntingdon county. Pa., was born in 
TValker township, Xovember 17, 1852. He 
is a arandson of Jnhn Heffner, a farmer of 

JOSEPH ISEXBERG, McConnellstown, 
Huntingdon cotmty. Pa., was born in Fox 
Run, now Blair, then Huntingdon coimty, 
March 28, 1825. He is a son of Henry and 
Elizabeth (Caricher) Isenberg. The Isen- 
bergs, five brothers, came to this country about 
1775, and were soon actively engaged in the 
Revolutionary war, one of the brothers being 
a chaplain in the Continental army. Enoch 
Isenberg, grandfather of Joseph Isenberg, 
was born in Maryland. He was a farmer, car- 
rying his produce to market in Baltimore; he 
also manufactured plows, and made the first 
plow with wooden mould board. In 1805 he 
came to Pennsylvania and bought a fai-m near 
Alexandria. This farm he cleared and im- 
proved, building a distillery. His political 



views were Democratic. Enocli Iseuberg 
married Dorothy Ann Snioiise. They had 
eleven children: George; Henry; Daniel; 
Joseph; Abraham; Samuel; Enoch; Cathar- 
ine; Susan; Ann; and Mary. He was a mem- 
ber of the Keformed church. He died on the 
homestead farm, aged eighty-two. His wife 
died at the age of eighty-four. Henry, father 
of Joseph Iseuberg, came mth his parents 
from Frederick county, Md., to Pennsylvania 
and grew up on their farm near Alexandria. 
For twelve years he was a blacksmith. He 
then became a farmer, first renting near Alex- 
andria, then for three years in Fox Run Hol- 
low, then returned to Harts Log valley, near 
Alexandria, where he lived three years. He 
next moved to Barree, near Alexandria, re- 
maining there three years ; then took the farm 
of Judge Kerr, in Walker township, near 
Huntingdon, which he held for thirteen years. 
ilr. Iseuberg then bought a farm of 300 acres 
iu Juniata township. Here he resided until 
he retired and made his home ■\\dth his daugh- 
ter, Mrs. Yocum. He was a member of the 
Democratic party. Henry Iseuberg married 
Elizabeth Caricher, who was born iu York 
county, Pa. Several of their children are 
dead: Benjamin; Samuel; Henry, avIio died 
at the home of Joseph Isenberg; Eve; Alfred; 
and Dauiel. Those liviug are: Joseph; and 
Dorothy Ann (Mrs. J. W. Yocum), of Juniata 
to'^vnshii). Mr. Isenberg was an influential 
member of the German Reformed church in 
McConnellstown. He died iu ISC!). His wife 
died in 1850. 

Joseph Iseuberg attended the subscription 
school at Ban-ee, taught by John Xeesbitt, for 
one term; he then attended for a short time 
a school in Porter township. His father hav- 
ing moved to "Walker townshij^, he next went 
to a school in McConnellstown, taught by 
Hugh Campbell. Afterwards he spent three 
months under Peter C. Swope and three 
months uiiclt-r .Fdhn Tussey. Public schools 
being r~f:ilili-li(d about that time, he attended 
the scliudl iic:ir Huntingdon, kept in a small 
house with slabs as seats and rough boards as 
desks. Here he studied for three terms, after 
which he worked on the farm until he was 
twenty-one. He learned carpentry in Mc- 
Connellstown and became a contractor, build- 
ing many farm houses and bams. In 1850 
he erected a fine dwelling house in McCon- 
nellstown, where he still resides. Mr. Isen- 

berg is a member of the Democratic party. 
He has served acceptably for fifteen years as 
justice of the peace, has been school director, 
supervisor of roads aud tax collector for fif- 
teen years. He is now nearly blind. 

Joseph Isenberg was married April 29, 
1852, to Mary, daughter of Moses Harner, of 
Walker township, ilrs. Mary Isenberg died 
February :.'(), \^:,:',. \lv was married a second 
time. If linuMN 4, l^M), to Aiai-v A., daughter 
of Joseph ami i^irhei (.Macl/..>iO Xoms. Mr. 
Norris, a farmer of Scotch descent, had four 
children: Allison, living iu Indiana; Mary 
(Mrs. Josejah Isenberg); Jackson, of Warren 
county. Pa.; and Washington, living in In- 
diana, ilr. and Mrs. Isenberg had four chil- 
dren: Lizzie Mary (^Mrs. Charles J^. Mc- 
Carthy), of Huntingdon; Warren D., a law- 
yer, now residing at St. Louis, Mo.; Joseph 
N'., contractor, of Altoona; and James M., 
was a student at Ursinus College, CoUegeville, 
]\Iontgomery county, and is a minister of the 
Reformed church at Durham, Bucks county. 
Pa. Mr. Isenberg takes a deep interest in 
church aft'airs, and has been deacon and su- 
perintendent of the Sunday-school for more 
than twenty years and an elder for twenty-five 

WILLIAil SPECK, Huntingdon. Hunt- 
ingdon county. Pa., was bom in Walker town- 
ship, July 6, 1830. He was the son of Martin 
and Catharine (Heffner) Speck. Martin 
Speck, father of William, was born in 1779, 
at York, York county, Pa. He was of German 
descent, a son of ilichael Speck, farmer and 
Weaver. He was one of a family of eight chil- 
dren. His parents moved from York county 
to Huntingdon coTinty, where they settled 
near Mill Creek on a farm which his father 
cultivated until his death. Martin attended 
a subscri]")tion school and could read both Ger- 
man and English. He grew up on the farm 
aud worked for his father. When he was 
twenty he bought a farm in Walker town- 
ship, near McConnellstown. He worked hard, 
clearing a large tract of land, on which he 
built a house and barn. At the time of his 
death he owned 500 acres of land. Martin 
Speck married Catharine, daughter of Valen- 
tine Heffner, a farmer of Walker township. 
She was born in Hagerstown, jMd., in 1788, 
and died in January, 1872. They had twelve 
children, eight of whom are dead: ]\Iichael; 



Peter; Mary, wife of Jacob Lininger; David; 
and four infants. The surviving children are : 
Abraham, a farmer near Mill Creek; John, 
residing at Knoxville, 111. ; Adam, residing at 
Saxton, Pa.; and William. Mr. Speck was 
■ well known and highly esteemed. He held 
all the offices of his township, and was the 
first school director of Huntingdon county. 
He was a member of the Lutheran church. His 
politics were Democratic. 

William Speck attended a subscription 
school in McConnellstowu, where he acquired 
a fair education, which enabled him to teach 
in different townships of the county. He gxew 
up on hia father's farm. When he was thirty- 
four he went to Ashland, Ohio, where he farm- 
ed for one year. Eeturning he bought a farm 
in Harts Log valley, which he cleai-ed and 
cultivated for one year, and then sold it. On 
February 20, 1868, he bought 214 acres of 
land, owned by Judge Kerr. The first build- 
ings were of logs. Mr. Speck lived in the log 
house five years, during which time he built 
a fine brick house at about $3,000, and a 
brick barn costing $2,000. He planted an 
orchard and made many improvements. Here 
he raised good farm stock, and earned on a 
dairy, ilr. Speck is well known and appre- 
ciated by his neighbors, having been tax col- 
lector, supervisor and assessor of his township. 
He is a firm Democrat. j\Ir. Speck is an ac- 
tive member of the Lutheran church, and has 
served as deacon, trustee and elder. 

In the autumn of 1856 William Speck mar- 
ried Jane, daughter of Rudolph Brenneman, 
a farmer of Harts Log valley. Their children 
are: Horatio J., general foreman on the Pan- 
Handle Railroad, residing at Dennison, O. ; 
Ada (Mrs. F. O. Peicht), whose husband is a 
lumber merchant of Charleston, W. Va.; 
Charles, a traveling agent; George McC, M. 
D., of Saxton, Pa., a graduate of Jefferson 
Medical College; Laura B., graduate of State 
ISTormal School at IMillersville, teaching in 
Brooklyn, N. Y. ; Daniel B., living on the 
homestead farm; and Annie C. 

ROBERT G. LIXCOLjS", McConnells- 
town, Hiuitingdon county, Pa., was born in 
Walker township, September 12, 1847. He 
is a son of William S. and Mary (Gibbon) Lin- 
coln. Abel Lincoln, his grandfather, a native 
of Massachusetts, was a sea cajjtain. He mar- 

ried Miss Blodgett, whose father, a wealthy 
Englishman, had settled in Washington dur- 
ing the Revolution. Mr. Blodgett owned 
large tracts of land and seventy-eight shares 
in the Xorth American Assurance Company. 
Their children were : William S. ; Thomas B. ; 
John G.; and Julia M. (Mrs. Robert Wil- 
liams), of Hollidaysburg, Pa. Mr. Lincoln 
died of fever in Xew Orleans; his widow 
married William Smith. By this marriage she 
had nine children, all deceased. William S. 
Lincoln, father of Robert Lincoln, was born 
in Huntingdon, February, 1811. He received 
an excellent education in the schools of jSTew 
Jersey and of Philadelphia, and was, for a 
number of years, a printer in that city. In 
1830 he bought a fai-m in Walker township 
and raised stock. He erected a house and 
barn valued at $6,000, and made many im- 
provements. Mr. Lincoln belonged to the 
Democratic party; he was active in county 
affairs and served as school director. William 
S. Lincoln was married at Kew Florence, Pa., 
to Mary, daughter of Robert Gibbon, asso- 
ciate judge of Westmoreland county. Their 
children are: John G., of McConnellstowu; 
Maggie T. (Mrs. Judge AVatson), Hunting- 
don; Robert G. ; Julia A., widow of Harry 
Bartley, of Philadelphia; William D., resid- 
ing in the county; Hattie B., wife of Andrew 
McNeil, a merchant of Patton; Ellen M.; and 
Harry; the last two died yoxmg. Mr. Lincoln 
was a member of the Episcopal church. He 
died September 30, 1SS4. His widow resides 
with her son-in-law. Judge Watson. 

Robert G. Lincoln attended the public 
schools of Walker and worked on his father's 
farm. When he was nearly seventeen, he en- 
listed at Hollidaysburg, Pa., September 3, 
1864, in the First Pennsylvania Light Artil- 
lery, Battery D, Captain Monk; went to Car- 
lisle and thence to Washington. He was with 
Sheridan's army in all its engagements, tak- 
ing part in the battle of Fisher's Hill and the 
two battles of Cedar Creek. At the time that 
all the guns were lost he was sick, although 
not out of camp; he still suffers from the ef- 
fects of army life. He was mustered out at 
Harper's Ferry, June 28, 1865. Returning 
home, he worked on the farm until he was 
twenty-five, when he went to Pittsburg and 
opened a grocery store; after remaining for 
several months, he sold his store, returned to 



Walker, and boiiglit 200 acres of laud. Here 
lie built a house aud a large barn. He made 
many improvements, aud established a dairy 
of twelve head of cattle. Mr. Lincoln's poli- 
tics are Democratic ; he is public-spirited, and 
interests himself iu the affairs of the town- 

l\obert Lincoln was nuu-ricd in ]\IcCon- 
nellstowu, "Walker township, September 26, 
1872, to Martha, daughter of William Camp- 
bell, school teacher and merchant of McCou- 
nellstown. Mrs. Lincoln was bom in Walker 
township and was of Scotch descent. Their 
children are: William S., living on the home- 
stead farm; Mary; Alice C; Bessie C; and 
Robert; one child died in infancy. Mr. Lin- 
coln is an active and zealous member of the 
Methodist Episcopal church. 

nellstown, Huntingdon county, Pa., was born 
in McConnellstown, February 5, 1837, sou of 
David and Lydia (Megahan) Householder. 
His great-grandfather, Adam Householder, 
was a native of Maryland, and of Scotch par- 
entage; his son John was born in Maryland, 
was a farmer and took part in the war of 1812 
under Capt. Isaac Vandevander. He married 
Mrs. White of Huntingdon county. They 
had three children: David; Michael; Bar- 
bara. Mr. Householder was a Democrat. He 
died in McConnellstown in 185-4. David 
Householder received an education iu the 
public schools and learned carpentry. In 
1855 he met Avith an accident which left him 
a cripple for life. He was married in ]\IcCon- 
nellstown to Lydia, daughter of Jacob ]\Ie- 
gahan, who came from Ireland and settled in 
Lancaster, where she was born. They had 
two children: John F., and Jacob. The 
latter was born in 1846, and killed in a rail- 
road accident March 3, 1869. Mr. and Mrs. 
David Householder were members of the 
Methodist Episcopal chiirch. He was a Demo- 
crat. He died September 15, 1869. Her 
death occurred January 16. 1876. 

John F. Householder attended the puldic 
schools of the township, and there gained a 
fair education. From 1850 to 1851 he 
worked as a farm laborer. He then learned 
carpentry and was employed in this occupa- 
tion two years. He went west for a time, and 
after his return learned the trade of ))lastorer 

and has made it his princiiial eni])l(iyment 
ever since. He , worked in lliuiringdon as 
contractor. August 5, ls(ii', .\Ir. House- 
holder enlisted at McConnellstown in Com- 
pany F, One Hundred and Twenty-fifth 
Pennsylvania Yoluuteers, Col. J. Higgins, 
Capt. W. H. Simpson. He spent nine months 
in service, participating in the Maryland 
cami^aign, and going all through Virginia. 

He was discharged at Harrisburg, May 18, 
1S63. Joining the recruiting service in Hunt- 
ingdon, he remained in that service until the 
close of the war. Mr. Householder is an act- 
ive politician of the Democratic persuasion. 
He was school director for six years, and on 
January 15, 1896, received his appointment 
as postmaster of Mc(}onnellstown. 

John F. Householder was married at Rock- 
dale Foundry, Blair county. May 12, 1859, 
to Samantha, daughter of James Weaver, 
wagon-maker of Blair county. Their chil- 
dren are: William B., plasterer; Mai-y, wife 
of Samuel Hoover, of Philadelphia; John O., 
plasterer; James C, plasterer; David Y., 
plasterer; George M., plasterer; Chalmer B., 
plasterer; Irma E.; Lydia A.; Frederick R.; 
Hattie M. Mr. Householder and family are 
members of the Methodist Episcopal church. 

JAMES C. WATSOX, McConnellstown, 
Huntingdon county, Pa., was born in 
AValker township, July 24, 1823. He is a son 
of Samuel and Ophelia (Coleman) Watson. 
William Watson, his grandfather, was born in 
Ireland. When a young man he came to the 
United States and settled in Huntingdon coim- 
ty, where he Avas a coal miner and tar manu- 
facturer. He married in Huntingdon county 
and had several children. Mr. Watson's pol- 
itics are Democratic; he died at Shavers 
Creek. Samuel Watson, father of James 
Watson, was born at Shavers Creek, Hunt- 
ingdon county. Pa., February 1796. He was 
educated in a subscription school and was 
fairly well-read. In winter he thrashed grain 
for farmers, using the time-honored flail, in 
summer he worked as a farm laborer. He af- 
terwards took charge of a distillery im- .Tdni 
Patton, farmer and sheriff of the county. Mr. 
Wilson belonged to the Democratic party. 
He was married at Shavers Creek, to Ophelia 
Colcuiau. wlio was liovn in Shavers Creek, 
irniitiiiu.lun ,M,nnrv in ITn:;. Their liviii<: 



eliildren are: James C; and Willsou B., 
judge at lliintiiiiidon. Tliose dead are: 
Maria (Mrs. Joseph Heaton); Xancy (Mrs. 
Valentine Fink); Simj^son; Mary Jane (Mrs. 
John Yocum; Samnel; and John. Mr. Wat- 
son belonged to the United Brethren church. 
He died in AValker to^\mship, September 2, 
1S57. His wife died Sunday, March 23, 1852, 
near Huntingdon, aged fifty-eight years, five 
months and seven days. 

James C. Watson spent his school days in 
a log scliool house, with slab seats, rough 
pine benches and windows of oiled paper. He 
worked on his father's farm until he was 
tAventy-live, when he rented the home farm of 
133 acres, and raised fruit. lu a few years 
he bought the farm, improved it, and lived 
there- until 1894, when he retired, moved to 
McConnellstown, and bought a handsome 
dwelling for $1,000. He enlisted at McCon- 
uellsto-wn, February 29, 1865, in Company 
K, Seventy-eighth Pennsylvania Volunteers, 
Colonel Bonafion, Capt. John Brewster. He 
served for three months doing guard duty, 
was in the hospital from fever and was hon- 
orably discharged in June, 1865. He is a 
member of George Simpson Post, Xo. -t-i, 
G. A. K., of Huntingdon. Mr. Watson be- 
longs to the Democratic party. He is inter- 
ested in the affairs of his toAvnship. He has 
been a member of the school board twenty 
years, and supervisor of roads for eight years. 

James C. Watson was married in Walker, 
township, January 6, 1852, to Martha, daugh- 
ter of Moses and Elizabeth (Householder) Ha- 
mer. Mr. Hamer was a fanner of Walker 
towushij), where ilrs. Watson was bom, Au- 
gust 7, 1828. Their children are: Mary E., 
born 1856, wife of John B. Shenefelt, a far- 
mer of Juniata township, had six children; 
Lizzie, born 185-9; Jennie, born September 
16, 1862, deceased; and Amanda, born Sep- 
tember 1, 1866, school teacher. Mr. Watson 
is a member of the German Reformed church, 
and is greatly interested in church affaire. 

town, Huntingdon county, Pa., was born at 
McConnellstown, December 23, 1833, son of 
Patrick and Elizabeth (Hohn) Lang. Pat- 
rick Lang was born in Pennsylvania and was 
of Scotch descent. He -n-as a tanner, but as he 
owned about 100 acres of land in Hunting- 

don county, he also farmed and raised stock 
extensively. He built the first stone dwell- 
ing house, when the town was in its infancy, 
and was the first and only tanner in the town. 
He was an old line Whig, and a member of 
the Presbyterian church. He was married in 
McConnellstown, to Elizabeti Hohn, a Penn- 
sylvanian. Their children are: George, 
harness-maker of Johnsto-mi, Pa.; Washing- 
ton; AVilliam, of Altoona; James, McCon- 
nellstown; Franklin, a veteran, deceased; 
Silas Lang, who died in the west; Rosanna 
(Mrs. Simon Ake), of Williamsburg, Pa., de- 
ceased; John, deceased. Patrick Lang died in 
McConnellstown in 1873, and his -wife in 

Washington Lang attended the subscrii:*- 
tion school of Mr. White, which was taught 
during the winter months in a little log school 
house with plank benches at the Branch. At 
the early age of eleven years, he began farm 
work with his father and remained with him 
in this occupation until his father's death. He 
then farmed for his mother imtil 1843. Then 
he went to Illinois and broke 120 acres of 
prairie land for John Fisher. He also worked 
at carpentry. After one year he returned to 
McConnellsto-wn and took up the business of 
butchering, in which he was engaged for 
thirty years, besides farming. He built lime 
kilns in McConnellstown in 1875, and man- 
ufactured lime. He has a fine limestone 
quan-y and a good farm of 240 acres, on 
which he has built a $2,000 residence, and a 
barn, and made other improvements. As a 
stock raiser, Mr. Lang has also been success- 
ful. Mr. Lang is a Republican. He has 
served as judge of elections and assessor. He 
is a K. of G. E. He has been a most indus- 
trious citizen and well deserves his success. 

Washington Lang was married at Altoona 
in 1859, to Martha, daughter of John and 
Jane (Horre) Snyder. She was born in Mc- 
ConnellstoAvn in 1828. John Snyder was a 
shoemaker, of German and English descent. 
The children of Mr. and Mrs. Lang are: 
Annie (Mrs. A. Lloyd), of Huntingdon; 
Joseph H., of the Pennsylvania Reformatory; 
Harry, implement manufacturer, married 
Mary Martin; Green, lime manufacturer, mar- 
ried Mary Ward, two children; Stewart, 
farmer at McConnellstown, Pa., aged twen- 
ty-two; Xaomi (Mrs. John Ward); Whitmer, 



butcher; iLaggie (Mrs. Tlios. Heti'uer), has 
one child, Ralj^h; Galbraith, at home; Allen, 
deceased. Mrs. W. Lang died April, 18S1. 
Mr. Lang is a member of the German Re- 
formed church, in which he has been an elder 
for eight years. He formerly taught in the 

TOBIAS HARXISH, M. D., deceased, 
Alexandria, Huntingdon county, Pa., was 
born March 6, 1820, in Morris township, 
Huntingdon county. He is a son of Samuel 
and Susan (Keller) Harnish. The Doctor's 
paternal great-grandfather was a S^\'iss by 
birth, and came to America from his na- 
tive country some time before the Revolu- 
tion, settling either in Lancaster or York 
county, Pa., wdiere he died. It is supposed 
that he was already married when he emi- 
grated, and that he was accompanied by his 
wiie and family. His son, Christian Harnish, 
however, was born in this country, and grew 
up in the place in which the family iirst set- 
tled, remo\'ing about 1790 to Huntingdon 
county, and taking up his residence in ]\Iorris 
to^raship, on the farm still in possession of 
his descendants. The country was at that 
time little better than a wilderness, and was 
still infested by hostile savages. At the time 
of his rerao'S'al to Huntingdon county. Chris- 
tian Harnish had a rather numerous family; 
but not many years after, nearly all his chil- 
dren died of ty]3hoid fever. One of the sur- 
vivors was his son Samuel, father of Dr. Har- 
nish, who was in early boyhood when tlie 
family removed to Huntingdon county. He 
grew up on the homestead, learned the busi- 
ness of agriculture jn-actically, and continued 
always in the same vocation. The children of 
Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Harnish are: Chris- 
tian, residing in Delaware; Dorothy Edith 
(Mrs. Robert Tussey); Catherine Ann (Mrs. 
Col. John Huyett), of Porter township; John, 
deceased: Abraliaiii, dc<-iascd: Susan, wife of 
Rev. Saiiiii.l lu'id, li..i!i dcrra-cd; Samuel, 
on the ul,l liuiM.-tcad in Mnvri- township; Dr. 
Tobias; Elizabeth (Mrs. Jacob F. Steiner), 
Clearfield countv. Pa.; Lvdia (Mrs. Samuel 
H. Keller), Wilkinsburg, Pa.; Peter K., re- 
siding on the home farm, ^lorris townshi]); 
Mary M. (lilrs. Col. Burket), Sinking Val- 
lev, Huntingdon county; and Rachel 'M. 
(ilrs. Albert Ilcihiian), Frnnk^town, Blair 

county. Pa. Samuel Harnish died in the 
prime of manhood, at the age of tifty-one, 
leaving this large family to the care of his 
wife. Xobly did she take the double burden 
of paternal and maternal care upon her shoul- 
ders; managing the patrimony of her chil- 
dren so as not only to clear it of financial en- 
cumbrances, but to increase it; educating 
them, and giving to such as were still of ten- 
der age the needed home training; and being 
well seconded in her eft'orts by their industry 
and good sense, she left, when in her turn she 
passed from earth at the venerable age of 
eighty-five, a comfortable property and many 
worthy representatives of the family. 

After receiving such training as could be 
aft'orded by the common schools of his own 
neighborhood, Tobias Harnish became a stu- 
dent of "old Marshall," as her alumni are 
fond to call their Alma Mater, in the pleas- 
ant mountain town of Mercersburg, Pa., an 
institution whose chairs professorial were oc- 
cupied by some of the most noble and subtle 
intellects of their own or any day. Here he 
graduated with the class of '-19, after which 
he went to Mississippi and taught in private 
families and seminaries for three years. 
About 1852, he began the study of medicine 
under the preceptorship of Jacob M. Gem- 
mill, ]\I. D., of Alexandria, Huntingdon 
county, with whom he read for two years. 
He then attended lectures at Jefferson Med- 
ical College, at that time unrivalled by any 
other medical school in Philadelphia. Dr. 
Harnish received his diploma in 1856; for 
the first year, he i^ractised at Martinsburg, 
Pa., then for five years at "Water Street. Pa., 
and for the rest of his life resided in Alexan- 
dria, canwing on a successful jiractise until the 
year 1893. In former years the Doctor was 
greatly interested in politics, and somewhat 
active in public affairs, having served the bor- 
ough of Alexandria as councilman and as 
school director. From 185(), he was an ad- 
herent of the Democratic party; he cast his 
first Democratic vote for James Buchanan. 

Dr. Tobias Harnish was first married at "Wa- 
ter Street, April 27, 1857, to Augusta ^M., 
daughter of Anthony Stewart, whose wife 
had been ]\Iiss Mytinger. !ilrs. Harnish died 
at the same place in 18C2, leaving one child, 
r.o-c Stewart. On :\rarch r,. IsC.",, Dr. Har- 
ni-^h married Lotiria A., -lau-litcr ni Alcxan- 



der aud Sarah ( Lytle) Stitt. Tlicir children 
are: Charles A., ]\I. I)., j)ractisiiig- in Alex- 
andria; Lettie; Walter K., graduate of Frank- 
lin and Marshall College, Lancaster, Pa., 
class of '96, now pursuing a theological course 
at Princeton University; Sarah L.; Annie 
B.; Mary, died August 6, 1877, in her third 
year. The eldest son. Dr. Charles A. Har- 
nish, was born March 13, 1866, in Alexan- 
dria, Pa. He attended the common schools 
until he reached the age of foiirteen, and was 
then for two years clerk in the car shops at 
Altoona, Pa. For the ensuing three years, 
he was a student at F. and M. College, then 
taught a private school at Alexandria for one 
year, and then matriculated in the medical 
department of the University of Pennsylva- 
nia, from which he was graduated in ISKl. 
After two years, dm-ing which he assisted his 
father. Dr. C. A. Harnish, in 1S93, succeeded 
to the practise relinquished by the elder phy- 
sician. He is active and zealous in his pro- 
fession. He has served on the board of health ; 
is a member and ex-president of the Hunting- 
don County Medical Society, and also a mem- 
ber of the state and national organizations of 
practitioners. Dr. Charles A. Harnish is a 
member of the Eeformed church at Alexan- 
dria, as was his father also, and as were those 
of earlier generations, the Harnish family 
having been among the constituent members 
of that charge at its foundation. Dr. Tobias 
Harnish died March 21, 1897. 

Huntingdon county. Pa., was born October 
15, 1841, in Porter township, Huntingdon 
county, son of John and Caroline (Bucher) 
Hatfield. The Hatfield family came origin- 
ally from England; they settled in the east- 
ern part of Pennsylvania. The birthplace of 
Mr. C. P. Hatfield's grandfather, Samuel 
Hatfield, was ^Montgomery county. Pa.; dur- 
ing the greater part of his life, he resided in 
Chester county, where he at one time con- 
ducted a paper mill. He also had a rolling 
mill in that county, besides one in Hunting- 
don county; his iron manufacturing inter- 
ests in this county were extensive, and for 
some years he resided in Porter township, 
giving them his personal supervision. In 
1842, he returned to Chester county, where 
he cai'ried on other manufacturing operations. 
His last removal was to Philadelphia; there 

he spent the remainder of his life. He was 
first married to Miss Schrack, by whom he 
had six children; she died in Chester county. 
^Ir. Hatfield was again manied, in Philadel- 
phia, to Miss Foulke. There were no children 
of this marriage. 

Caroline (Bucher) Hatfield was a daughter 
of Conrad Bucher. a well-known resident of 
xUexandria, who died in 1852. His father. 
Rev. John Conrad Bucher, was a chaplain in 
the Continental army during the Revolution, 
and a pastor of the German Reformed chiirch 
in Lebanon and adjoining counties. Mrs. 
Hatfield's maternal grandfather, Lewis My- 
tinger, a native of Maryland, w^as also in that 
army, holding the office of lieutenant in 
Van Heer's cavalry, which was organized at 
the outbreak of the war, and acted as a body 
guard to General Washington. Lieutenant 
ilytinger died in Philadelphia of yellow 
fever, during the prevalence of that terrific 
disease in 1793. 

John Hatfield was born in Chester county, 
and acquired his education there and in Phil- 
adelphia. He came to Huntingdon county 
to assist his father in carrying on his iron 
works, was married to Miss Bucher in Alex- 
andria, and died at his residence in Porter 
township, near the iron works. Mrs. Hatfield 
survived him many years, dying in 1884, at 
the age of seventy. 

Their only child, Charles P. Hatfield, at- 
tended the common schools of Alexandria un- 
til he reached the age of seventeen; he then 
became a student at Tuscarora Academy, in 
Juniata county, and in 1859, entered F. and 
M. College, Lancaster, Pa., where he con- 
tinued his studies imtil 1862. He tben re- 
turned home, on account of the war, and be- 
came a clerk in the Juniata Iron Works, 
owned by his grandfather. One year later, 
he became partner in a general store, with J. 
H. Kennedy, and continued in that business 
for several years. During that time, he was 
for seven years jjostmaster, receiving his ap- 
pointment first during President Grant's ad- 
ministration. Mr. Hatfield owns a farm of 
239 acres in Porter to'wnship. He is a Re- 
publican, and actively interested in politics; 
has served as school director for more than 
twenty years. 

Charles P. Hatfield was married December 
14, 1869, at Alexandria, to Ellen, daughter 
of George Cryder, of Delawcre, 0. Their 
children are all deceased: Walter, who died 



in infancy; Caroline; and Rebecca, wlio died 
May 11, "1896. Mr. Hatfield is an elder in 
the Presbyterian cluireb. 

WILLIAM S. VAIiXEK, Alexandria, 
LIuntingdon county, Pa., sou of George and 
Hannah (Deviuuey) Varuer, was born on a 
farm in Fayette township, Juniata county, Pa., 
December 3, 1840. His gTcat-gTandfather, 
Stuffel Varner, was born in the province of 
Hesse Cassel, Germany. He came to Amer- 
ica with the Hessian troops employed by the 
British during the Revolution; but the love 
of liberty natural to every true German must 
soon have made him feel himself on the wrong 
side in fighting against the American pa- 
triots, for at Valley Forge he deserted from 
the British army, and fought imder Washing- 
ton during the remaining years of the strug- 
gle. When the war was ended, he settled in 
Schuylkill county. Pa., where he lived to see 
his one hundred and third year. His son, 
John Varner, born in Schuylkill county, grew 
up there and married Miss Bailey. He took 
up a tract of land in Schuylkill county, but 
abandoned it and moved to Juniata county: 
where he rented a home, but died soon after; 
nor did his wife survive him vei-y long. 
Their children are: John, resident of Juni- 
ata county; George; Daniel, passed his boy- 
hood in Juniata county, learned the jewelry 
business, went to Ohio, and afterwards to 
Missouri, where he died; Catherine, married 
and removed to a distance, has not been heard 
from for a long time; and David, passed his 
youth in Juniata county, went west, and has 
not been heard fi'om for twenty-five years. 

George Varner was born near Pottsville, 
Schuylkill county in 1816. He was still a 
boy when his parents removed to Juniata 
county. He received a limited education, 
married in Juniata county, and has ever since 
resided there; he is now living on a farm in 
Lack township, but has relinquished active em- 
ployment. The children of Mr. and Mrs. 
George Varner are: William S.; Rebecca 
(Mrs. Daniel Lobb), Harrisburg, Pa.; Annie 
(ilrs. Lemuel McKinley), McCoysville, Pa.; 
Edward, farmer, near !Mansfield, O. ; Barbara ; 
David, resides in Alexandria; Jennie (Mrs. 
Harvey Gray), Juniata county. j\Irs. George 
Varner died in 1876, at the age of fifty-eight. 
William S. Varner attended school during 
the winter terms of three months each, until 

he was fourteen, when he was employed as 
farm hand on his father's place. He was thus 
occupied until the spring of 1862, when he 
enlisted in Company F, Sixteenth Pennsyl- 
vania Cavalry, for three years, and soon after 
enlistment, was assigned to the army of the 
Potomac. This regiment was in active ser- 
vice until the close of the war. ]\Ir. Varner 
took part in thirty-six regular engagements 
and one hundred and forty skirmishes. He 
was discharged at Lynchburg, Va., July 1, 
1865. During all this gallant and perilous 
service, Mr. Varner was wounded four times, 
but none severely. He received three bullet 
wounds and a sabre cut on the lip, which 
knocked out some teeth. Returning home at 
the close of the war, Mr. Varner served an 
apprenticeshiiJ of two years and a half with 
John Burns, millwright, of Lack township, 
Juniata county. For two years after; he 
worked as journeyman for J. F. Ellsworth, of 
Williamsburg, Blair county, and Sanford 
Burley, of Tyrone, Pa. At the end of this 
time, he went into business for huuself in 
Alexandria. His engagements call him to all 
parts of Pennsylvania, and into parts of Xew 
York and ]\Iarvland. His own wages as a be- 
ginner, after the war, were $2.50 per week 
and board; he pays his employees $2.50 per 
day, they boarding themselves. Mr. Varner 
is a Republican. He has never been an otfice 
seeker; is now serving his fia'st term as school 

In Alexandria, March 2, 1866, William S. 
Varner was married to Elizabeth, daughter of 
Da^'id and Johanna Albright, a native and 
resident of Alexandria. Their children are: 
George, born December 14, 1866, in Alex- 
andria; Annie D., born Xovember -4, 1869, 
is a graduate of Cleveland Homoeopathic 
Medical College, and is entering upon an en- 
gagement in a women's and children's hos- 
pital in Philadelphia; Grace S., born Febru- 
ary 2.3, 1873; Edward Arnold, born October 
1, 1877, died December 1, 1877; Ida Mary, 
born September 24, 1878; and Xellie Fran- 
ces, born December 24, 1889. Mrs. Eliza- 
beth Varner died September 13, 1891. IMr. 
Varner was married again, October 12, 1893, 
to Mary, daughter of John and Elizabeth Ar- 
nold, a native of Porter township. They had 
one child, Edith ilargaretta, born February 
19, 1895. ilr. Varner is a member and of- 
fice-bearer of the Presbvterian church. 


B. 11. HATFIELD, Alexandria, Huutiug- 
dou county, Pa., was born in Porter township, 
September 16, 1860. His grandfather, Sam- 
uel Hattield, Avas born in 1TS6 in Montgomery 
county, Pa. At an early age he went to Phila- 
delphia and was there engaged in mercantile 
pursuits for a number of years. In 1S36, 
with his sons Samuel and Benjamin K., he 
went to Huntingdon county, where he estab- 
lished his sons in the manufacture of the fa- 
mous "Juniata charcoal iron," under the firm 
name of S. & B. E. Hatfield. Samuel Hat- 
field, Sr., died in 1872, aged eighty-six years. 
His son Samuel was born in 1818; engaged 
in the iron business in 1838 and retired from 
it in 1875. In 1892, with his wife and daugh- 
ter Annie Elizabeth, he removed from his 
farm and iron works property to Alexandria, 
Avhere he lived to the time of his decease, Xo- 
vem-ljer 16, 189-1, at the age of seventy- 
six years. Samuel Hatfield was one of those 
quiet, unassuming men whose real value 
to the community is likely to be underesti- 
mated. While taking no conspicuous part in 
political affairs, he was a staunch Kepubli- 
cau. had the interests of his neighbors and 
of the community in which he lived ever 
at heart, and did all in his power to promote 
their welfare. He was an elder in the Pres- 
byterian church for a number of years. He 
married Eliza, daughter of Andrew and Eliza- 
beth (Grove) Xeff, having a family of five 
children, as follows: John X., of Alexandria, 
engaged in the manufacture and sale of fire 
clay, at Petersburg, Pa. ; Samuel M., of Ma- 
pleton. Pa., manufacturer and shipper of 
glass sand; Annie Elizabeth, of Alexandria; 
Mary (Mrs. W. S. Stryker), Porter township; 
and Benjamin R. ; the latter attended AVil- 
liamsport Dickinson Seminary in 1880 and 
1881, afterwards taking a course at the Iron 
City Business College, Pittsburg, Pa. He 
then returned home, and took charge of his 
father's business interests, mill and farm, still 
remaining- in the same occiipation. He was 
married in February, 1893, to Julia, daughter 
of Hon. P. M. Lytic, Huntingdon, Pa. 

L.Mlil). Alexandria, Huntingdon cdunty, 
l':i.. soil (if "William Laird, was born on the 
IhiiiKsrcad in Porter township, where he still 
resides. :\rarch 28, 1826. Jacob Laird, his 
grandfather, was among the pioneer settlers 

of that township, and the farm has de- 
scended in the family since his time. 
Judge Laird's maternal grandfather, John 
Alexander, was also among the early 
settlers, having come from Ireland with his 
wife, Martha (Osboru) Laird. They settled 
in Porter townshijJ, where he was engaged in 
tilling the soil. Here he passed his life, died, 
and is interred in the cemetery at Alexandria. 
The Lairds are of Scotch-Irish stock. Wil- 
liam Laird, son of Jacob, was born on the 
homestead, March 14, 1779. His father dy- 
ing during William's early youth, the boy 
was brought ujj by his maternal uncle, 
Samuel Isop, and educated in the common 
schools of Porter townshi2D. The Isop fam- 
ily resided on the Laird place, to which Wil- 
liam Laird fell heir at his uncle's death, on 
condition that he would provide for his aunt, 
Mrs. Isop, so long as she should live. This 
he did to the best of his ability, and continued 
throughout his life to reside on the home- 
stead. He was married to Miss Alexander in 
Porter township. Their children are: 
Robert Alexander; Margaret, deceased; Os- 
born, was a furniture dealer and undertaker 
at Spruce Creek, where he died; John Stew- 
art, farmer, died at Fostoria, Blair coiinty. 
Pa. ; Mary C. (Mrs. Edward Warren), Shreve- 
port. La.; Sarah A., widow of William Moore, 
Altoona, Pa.; Milton, of Parkersburg, W. 
Va., was a member of Company I, Fifth 
Pennsylvania Reserves ; and Calvin, for many 
years a school teacher, afterwards a teacher 
of music and music-dealer in Tyrone, Pa., 
where he died in 1871. Mrs. William Laii'd 
died on the homestead in 1847, aged forty- 
seven years, and her husband in 1852, at the 
age of seventy-three. 

Robert A. Laird attended the public schools 
during the winter months, cultivating the 
home farm during the summer, and continued 
to do so until he was eighteen or nineteen 
years of age. His whole life has been spent 
on the homestead, which he has most carefully 
cultivated and improved. He purchased the 
place from the heirs of his father; it then 
contained 90 acres, to which Judge Laird 
has since added 180 acres, besides erecting 
farm buildings, planting orchards, etc. His 
public services have been many and varied. 
He has served his township as judge and in- 
spector of elections; has been supervisor, 
school director, assessor, auditor and town- 



ship clerk, and has held these offices for many 
jears. From 1S58 to 1871, he was tax col- 
lector, the office being then held by ajspoint- 
ment. He has also served as U. S. ganger 
and storekeeper, principally at Huntingdon, 
Pa. In jSTovember, 1895, he was elected to 
the office of associate judge for five years. 
Judge Laird's political opinions are strongly 

Robert Alexander Laird was married in 
Porter township, December 23, 1852, to 
Elizabeth, daughter of Isaac Martin, de- 
ceased, of that township. Their children ai-e: 
William M., was in mercantile business in 
Petersburg, married Clara Hinds, died in 
February, 1894; Calvin, married to Jennie 
Stauffer, of McConnellstown, Pa.; Mary E. ; 
Emma, teacher; Howard, educated at Juniata 
College, school teacher, married Clara, daiigh- 
ter of Samuel Smith; Alfred, at Homestead; 
Edward W., traveling salesman for Harris- 
burg Produce and Provision Co., manied Ella 
Giles, of Petersburg; and Alice Bertlia, at 

ROBERT CUXXiNGHAM, deceased, of 
Alexandria, Huntingdon county. Pa., was 
born September 10, 1809, in Porter town- 
ship, Huntingdon county. His parents were 
Jeremiah and Elinore (Bowers) Cunning- 
ham. Jeremiah Cunningham, a native of 
Ireland, came to America in his youth, settled 
in Porter township, and was married there. 
His first wife was Miss Spencer; their chil- 
dren were: Xancy (Mrs. George Wilson), 
Alexandria, Pa.; and David, married Minnie 
Foster. Miss 1h>\\(i-s lucanie the second wife 
of Mr. Cunniiii;h:iiii: their children are as fol- 
lows: ]\Iary (Mrs. John Robb); Robert; 
Margaret (Mrs. William Robb); Hugh, mar- 
ried Mary Tussey. Jeremiah Cunningham 
died on the homestead in Porter tnWHsliip. 

Robert Cunningham received his iMlnca- 
tion in subscription schools. He learnc<l the 
business of agriculture practically on the 
home farm, and devoted his life to that Ikhi- 
orable and most useful pursuit. He was mar- 
ried in Alexandria, January 2.3, 1842, to 

■ Sarah, daughter of James and Deborah 
(Scott) Maguire. For some years after their 
marriage, Mr. and Mrs. Cunningham re- 
sided on the farm now ownied by George 
Sprankle; they then removed to the place 

■ where Mrs. Cunningham still lives. ilr. 

Cunningham was a Democrat, but while de- 
cided in his own oiiinions, was liberal towards 
those of others. He took an active interest in 
the affairs of the community, and his services 
were sought and appreciated by his fellow 
citizens. He served in various offices, among 
which was that of school director, which he 
held for many terms. He was a Presbyterian, 
adhering firmly and intelligently to the West- 
minster Confession, and loyally serving his 
church in her enterprises. He was kuoAvn as 
a man of sterling integrity, of kind disposi- 
tion and genial manner. His death occurred 
December 10, 1884; he is interred in Alex- 

Mrs. Sarah (Maguire) Cunningham was 
born January 29, 1820, on her father's farm 
in Porter township. Her father, James 
Maguire, who was of Scotch parentage, came 
to this country from Ireland when he was 
twelve years old, on the same vessel with the 
father of Robert Cunningham. He was at- 
tacked by smallpox on the voyage, and had 
the disease in so serious a form as to be 
blinded ; but happily he recovei'ed before leav- 
ing the vessel. He settled on a farm in Por- 
ter township, and there died, October 9, 1838. 
He also was a member of the Presbyterian 
communion. His daughter, Sarah, Avas in 
her early girlhood at the time of his death. 
The widowed mother and her young family 
removed to Alexandria, where Sarah attended 
the subscription and the public schools. She 
resided at home until her marriage. 

The children of Mr. and ilrs. Robert Cun- 
ningham are: Jennie (Mrs. Morrow Tus- 
sey), Arch Springs, Blair county. Pa., has two 
sons and two daughters; Louise, at home; Wil- 
liam Rnss. fanner, ^'ellow Springs, Blair 
eoiinty, married l^ninia Knode, and has four 
sons; Howard and John Scott, twins, the 
fornier residing in Porter township, married 
Fannie iletz, and has two children, and the 
l;itfer at home; Annie (Mrs. John Lowder), 
Aloi-ris township, Huntingdoii county; Rob- 
ert, (if La Moure, X. D., was formerly in 
mereantile business, and is now a bank officer; 
and Fanny D., resides at home. 

WILLI A:\1 .\. WIIITTAKER, Hunting- 
don, Huntingdcin cciunty. Pa., was bom July 
12, 1826, in the old stockhouse in which his 
fatlier resided for many years. It was one 
of those built for security dtiring the days of 



ludian depredations, and -was very strongly 
constructed. Its doors were of two-iuch plank. 
After the cessation of those early disturbances, 
the port-holes were filled up with plaster, 
and the house was for a long time used 
as a dwelling. Mr. Whittaker's grandfather, 
John Whittaker, is supposed to have been a 
native of Chester county. Pa., where he was 
an extensive distiller. He carried on the 
same business in Htmtingdon county, and 
was at one time the owner of six distilleries. 
He was also proprietor of two or three "keel 
boats," which he iised in sending supplies to 
the numerous stores along the banks of 
the Juniata river. He owned a number of 
houses in Huntingdon, and erected the sev- 
enth one that was built in that borough; he 
also kept a general store. John Whittaker 
married Miss Shockey, and after his marriage 
made his home in Himtingdon; his residence 
was on the site of the present P. E. E. station. 
Mr. and Mrs. John Whittaker had several 
sons and daughters; their descendants reside 
in various parts of the county. Both died at 
their home in Huntingdon. 

Their son Thomas Whittaker, born in 
Walker township in 1800, was married at the 
age of twenty-two to Margaret Alexander. 
They resided at Whittaker's Mills until 1847, 
when Mr. Whittaker bought another farm in 
Porter township, the one on which his son, 
William A., now resides. Mrs. Thomas 
Whittaker died in 1844. Their children are: 
John, born in 1824, took an active interest in 
public affairs, and held several township of- 
fices, was greatly esteemed and respected, and 
was for many years an elder in the Presbyte- 
rian church; William A.; Thomas, married 
to Lydia Steele; Eliza; Charles, ranchman in 
Kansas, where he has 640 acres of land; and 
Margaret (]\Irs. Porter B. Zentmyer), of 
Clearfield, Clearfield county, Pa. Mrs. Mar- 
garet Whittaker dying in 1844, Mr. Whit- 
taker married her sister, Catherine Alexan- 
der; their only child is Mary, who resides vidth 
Mr. C. A. Whittaker. Thomas Whittaker 
was active in township business, being a pub- 
lic-spirited man. He was a lifedoiii:- iiicnilicr 
of the Presbyterian church. He died in l>i'.7. 

After an attendance of two or three tei-ms 
at the public schools, William A. Whittaker 
became a pupil at the Huntingdon Academy, 
and there completed his education. During 
one term, he was under the tuition of Samuel 

Calvin, afterwards a member of Congress. 
Mr. Whittaker never learned a trade, but had 
considerable natural mechanical talent and in- 
genuity; by experimenting with his father's 
tools, he became expert at carpentry, and is 
never at a loss if making or mending is to be 
done. In 1859, William A. Whittaker and 
his brother John Whittaker bought the home 
farm. He, William A., has always been 
engaged in farming, except during iowr years, 
1851-1854, when he was employed as con- 
tractor of the Pennsylvania E. E. and Broad 
Top E. E. His farm contains 300 acres. He 
has twice suffered seriously from the kick of 
a horse; about 188G, when he was kicked 
above the right ankle, causing a fracture of 
the ankle bone, and again in April, 1896, 
when a bone in his left knee was broken. Mr. 
Whittaker is a strong Eepublican, and has 
held various township offices. 

In 1872, William A. ^Tiittaker married 
Caroline, daughter of Col. John and Anna C. 
(Harnish) Huyett, and widow of Eeuben 
Oaks. Mrs. Whittaker"s daughter by her first 
husband, Mary Oaks, is married to G. A. 
Beckley, a druggist, of Altooua, Pa. The 
children of Mr. and Mrs. Whittaker are: 
Frederick; Wilbur; Mabel, who died young; 
and Ealph. Mr. Whittaker has been for eight 
vears an elder in the Presbvterian church. 

JAMES BLACK, deceased, formerly of 
Alexandria, Huntingdon county. Pa., was 
born in Porter township, Huntingdon county, 
Kovember 19, 1820, son of Eobert and Molly 
(Hayes) Black. Eobert Black, a native of 
Ireland, came to America with his parents in 
early youth, and grew up and married in this 
county. He was a general laborer. His 
children were: John; Eobert; Molly; James; 
Jane; Eebecca; and Daniel; all are deceased 
except the eldest of the family, John, who re- 
sides in Canoe valley. The father died in 
Porter township. 

James Black was educated in subscription 
schools, and grew up sharing the experiences 
of work and pleasure which fall to the lot of 
a farmer's boy. In his case, there was un- 
doubtedly plenty of wholesome work; his 
parents being in straitened circumstances, 
James was obliged not only to labor at home, 
but to seek employment among the farmers 
of the vicinity, in order to lay up enough to 
buv a farm of his own. This, bv industrv 



Indian depredations, an?! wn- 

constructed. Its door? v -i-ii 

After the ce^sati'" 

the port-holes v 

and the house ^^ 

as a dwelling. >: 

John Whittaker. 

native of Cl- 
an exten.-r 

same bn^i^ 

was at onc 

He was al-i i 

hoars." \'-. - 

tIk :-.!c.^ of 

t'!' . ; .ilier of 

'• ■ ...j.i I r('cii'<! riit- sev- 

iu that borougii; he 

'■ rv. John Whittaker 

)■; av. and after his marriage 

111^ 'luntingdon; his residence 

vva he present P. K. R. station. 

-Ml- \m Whittaker had several 

soil- i rs; their descendants reside 

in var'ir.s parrs of the county. Both died at 
their home in Huntingdon. 

Their son Thomas Whittaker, born in 
Walker township in 1800, was married at the 
age of twentv-two to [Margaret Alexander. 
They resided at "\\Tiittaker's ]^Iills until 1847, 
when Mr. Whittaker bought another farm in 
Porter township, the one on which his son, 
William A., now resides. Mrs. Thomas 
Wliittaker died in 1844. Their children are: 
John, bom in 1824, took an active interest in 
public affairs, and held several township of- 
fices, was greatly esteemed and respected, and 
was for many years an elder in the Presbyte- 
rian church; William A.; Thomas, married 
to Lydia Steele; Eliza; Charles, ranchman in 
Kansas, r^bero he has 640 acres of land; and 
Margar. 1 ^ .Mrs. Porter B. Zentmyer), of 
Ckartii) i. <_'lrarfield county, Pa. Mrs. Mar- 
garet AV lilt raker dying in "1844, Mr. AVhit- 
taker marrii'i! ]ier sister, Catherine Alexan- 
der: rhfi: . .' 'mill i< Mary, who resides vn\[\ 

'' Thomas Whittaker 

iisiness, being a pub- 

- a life-long member 

h. He died in 1SG7. 

•r two or three terms 

at. the ;■■.■. .li,. <rh. V-, William A. AATiittaker 

became h pupil at the Huntingdon Academy, 

and there cdnipleted liis education. Pnring 

one term, lie was under the tuition of Samuel 

* in, afterwards a member of Cougres-. 
Whittaker never learned a trade, but haii 
^iderable natural mechanical talent and in- 
iiity; by experimenting with his father's 
,v)ols, he became expert at carpentry, and i= 
never at a loss if making or mending is to U 
done. In 1859, William A. Whittaker &v.^\ 
his brother John Whittaker bought the hou,' 
farm. He, William A., has, always bee. 
engaged in farming, e.xcept during four year- 
18ol-1854, when he was employed as con- 
tractor of the Pennsylvania R. R. and Broal 
Top R. R. His farm contains 300 acres. He 
has twice suffered seriously from the kick of 
a horse; about 1S86, when he was kicked 
above the right ankle, causing a fracture of 
the ankle bone, and again in April, 1896, 
when a bone in his left knee was broken. jMr. 
Whittaker is a strong Republican, and ha- 
held various township offices. 

In 1872, William A. "Whittaker marrie.l 
Caroline, daughter of Col. John and Anna ('.. 
(Harnish^ Huyett, and widow of Reuben 
Oaks. ills. AVhittaker's daughter by her first 
husband, Miry Oaks, is manied to G. A. 
Beckley, a druggist, of Altoona, Pa. The 
children of Mr. and Mrs. Whittaker are: 
Frederick; Willuir; Mabel, who died young; 
and Ralph. Mr. Whittaker has been for eigln 
years an elder in ilie Presbyterian church. 

JAMES BLACK, deceased, formerly o; 
Alexandria. Huntingdon county, Pa., wa 
bom in Porter township, Huntingdon county. 
November 19, 1820, son of Robei't and Molly 
(Hayes) Black. Robert Black, a native <it 
Ireland, came to America with his parents ii; 
early youth, and gi-ew up and married in this 
county. He was a general laborer. His 
children were: John; Robert; Molly; James; 
Jane; Rebecca; and Daniel; all are decease'" 
except the eldest of the family, John, who it- 
sides in Canoe valley. The father died in 
Porter towi\slup. 

James Black was educated in subscription 
schools, and grew up sharing the experiences 
of work and pleasure which fall to the lot of 
a fanner's boy. In his case, there was uii 
doubt edly plenty of wholesome work; hi< 
]>arents being in straitened circumstance>. 
James was obliged not only to labor at home. 
but to seek employment among the farmer- 
of the vicinity, in order to lay up enough !'• 
luiy a farm of his own. This, by industry 

/^ /^i/^ly-l^ (t^T^ 

.;*t'-7'^^^ /<;i^ y^^'T/T-^ 



and thrift, he succeeded in doing. James 
Biack was married in Porter towushij:), Jan- 
uary 12, 1S43, to Ann Eliza, daughter of 
John and Mary (McDevitt) Laird; she was 
born in Porter township, January 8, 1824. 
They resided for many years after their mar- 
riage in the same house in which Mrs. Black 
was born, and which Mr. Black rented. They 
oi-ciiiiicd ditTi.-rent farms until 1861, when 
]\Ir. lihirk iiun-hased a tract of 128 acres, hav- 
ing as iiiiiirovements only a very inferior log 
dwelling and barn. Mr. Black built a com- 
fortable farm house, good barns and fences, 
and planted orchards, besides introducing 
other facilities. He never sought any public 
office, although he was decided in his political 
views, which were Republican, and a man 
whose character had won the esteem and re- 
spect of the community. His children are: 
Williaiii. taniici- and teacher, married to Miss 
Allen, and has rive ehil-lren: Blancliard A., 
Florence, ]\label, < George and Guy; Caroline, 
resides at Tyrone, Pa.; Albert A., D. D., of 
Bolesburg Centre, married to Miss Rupley; 
Daniel, gardener at the Huntingdon Eefonn- 
atory, resides in Huntingdon, has two sons, 
Howard, and Fred; Howard, died of con- 
sumption in Colorado, whither he had gone 
for his health, leaving a widow and child, 
Esther; Henry H., farmer, of Walker town- 
ship, married to Miss Steel, has one child, 
Benjamin P.; Frank L., farmer, of Porter 
township, married to Miss Isenberg; Mary; 
Wallace; Annie W. ; and Alice M. James 
Black was a member of the Reformed church. 
He died August 22, 1890, and is buried at 
Alexandria. Since his death, Jlrs. Black has 
resided on the old home farm. 

FRAXK L. BLACK, farmer, Alexandria, 
Huntingdon county. Pa., sou of James and 
Anna (Laird) Black, was born in Porter town- 
ship, February 10, 1860. He was educated 
in the comnion sclidols of his native place, and 
has since al\\a\s li'wcn his attention to fann- 
ing, to wliich [niisnit he was trained from 
early boyhood. He is a Republican, but has 
never desired political preferment, find- 
ing it best to devote his whole atten- 
tion to his farming interests. Since his 
marriage, he has resided on his present 
farm, of 300 acres, on which he has built a 
convenient dwelling and a good barn, besides 
making extensive improvements in the way 

of constructing fences, setting out orchards, 

Frank L. Black was nmrried at Yellow 
Springs, Blair county. Pa., November 10, 
1892, to Elizabeth, daughter of Enoch and 
Kate (Shatter) Isenberg. Their children are: 
Freda A.; Ethel May; and an infant not 
named at this writing. Mr. Black is a mem- 
ber of the Reformed church at Huntingdon, 
Pa. He enjoys the confidence and esteem of 
his neighbors and acquaintances. 

Huntingdon county. Pa., was born in Porter 
township, Huntingdon county, February 19, 
1827, son of Peter and Fanny (Breiden- 
baugli) Sprankle. His grandfather, George 
Sprankle, was a native of York county. Pa. 
He was married in York county. Pa., to Miss 
Xull, and became a resident of Morris town- 
ship, where he passed his life in farming, and 
where he died. His wife survived him many 
years, arriving at^the rare distinction of being 
a centenarian; she too died in Morris town- 
ship. Their sons were: George; Peter; 
Jacob and ]\riehael. Mr. Sprankle's maternal 
grandfather, Michael Bridenbaugh, was a 
German by birth; upon his emigration to this 
country, he first settled in Lebanon county, 
Pa., where he married Miss Whitmer. Some 
time after, they removed to Huntingdon 
county, and resided first on a fann near 
Petersburg, and afterwards in Sinking val- 
ley. After the death of her husliand Mrs. 
Bridenbaugh resided for a number of years on 
the farm, and for five years had a home in the 
house of her son-in-law, Peter Sprankle; 
there, at the age of eighty-seven, she too 
passed away, and was inteiTed, according to 
her wish, in the quiet little graveyard on the 
fann near Petersburg, beside her husband. 

Peter Sprankle, father of George Sprankle, 
was born in October, 1795, in York comity, 
Pa. He grew up on his father's farm in Ca- 
noe valley, Morris township, assisted from an 
eai'ly age in farm Avork, and obtained a com- 
mon school education. He married Miss 
Fannie Bridenbaugh; their children aiv: 
Susan, widow of James Allen, of Porter town- 
ship; Mary Ann (Mrs. Matthew Martin), de- 
ceased, her husband died in Huntingdon; 
John, married in Indiana, and resides there; 
George; INfichael, fanner near Petersburg, 
married to Elizabeth Piper; Peter, on the 



old homestead in Porter t(l\\■I)^lli]), luarried to 
Barbara "Winters. The family resicknl for 
twelve years in Porter township, between 
Barree and Alexandria, and later purchased 
the "Foot farm," in Porter to^\^lship. In 
1851, Mrs. Peter Bridenbaiigh died of cancer, 
which appeared first in the form of a wart on 
the back of her hand. The disease making 
rapid and threatening i^rogress, her arm was 
amputated above the elbow, bvit too late. It 
had taken such hold of her system that in 
two years it re-appeared in the shoulder, and 
caused her death. Her husband died in 1873. 
They were devout and excellent people, faith- 
ful to their family, their church, and the 
community. ]\Ir. Sprankle was of a retiring 
disposition, and took no active part in public 
affairs. They rest as to their bodies side by 
side in the cemetery at Sliaffi rsville. 

Their son, George Siuaiiklc. l.cture be was 
seven years of age, attciHlcil sclidol in the old 
log building on the banks of the canal near 
Alexandria. His parents then removed to the 
Loop farm, and he finished his studies in the 
"Loop" school-house. His eldest brother then 
gave his whole time to the farm; but George 
attended school during the winter, and as- 
sisted in the farm work during vacations. 
His advantages were certainly slender, but by 
his fondness for good reading, and his alert 
and thoughtful interest in current events, Mr. 
Sprankle has largely made up for the lack of 
literary culture in early life. He has a large 
library, cnusistiug of well selected books, and 
subscribes for all the leading periodicals of 
the county. 

George Sprankle was married in 1855, 
when he was twenty-eight years old, to 
Emily Beatty, a native of Porter township. 
He then rented his aunt's farm in Morris 
township, in the cultivation of Avhich he was 
very successful. After his aunt's death, he 
liouiilit tlic farm of her heirs. Six years later. 
]\lr. Sprankle sold that farm to Joseph Isen- 
berg, and removed to the McMurtrie farm, 
150 acres, in Franklin township; this farm 
also he bought, but two years after sold it to 
John I. Adams, and removed to his present 
home in Porter township, the 119-acre farm 
which formerly belonged to Robert Cunning- 
ham. Since that purchase, Mr. Sprankle has 
added forty acres to the place, besides a grist- 
mill. At first, two other persons were part- 
ners with him in the mill proiiorty, l)Ut be 

finally bought out their interests, and became 
the sole owner. He built a convenient barn, 
of modern style, in 1876. His present home 
was erected in 1868. Mr. Sj^rankle belongs 
to the Republican party. He is a member of 
the Reformed chiirch of Alexandria; having 
no children, his kindness of heart seeks and 
finds expression in helping those who are in 
need of svnn)atliv and aid. 

Huntingdon county, Pa., was born in Alex- 
andria, ix\\y 27, 1847, sou of Mr. and Mrs. 
John Isenberg. John Isenberg, who was a 
native of Huntingdon county, passed his early- 
youth in Porter township, where he received 
a common school education. He became a 
blacksmith. He married at the age of thirty- 
two, and for some time after resided and fol- 
lowed his vocation in Williamsburg, Pa. 
From that place he removed to Alexandria, 
the home of his later years. His wife's maiden 
name was Shedge. They had the following- 
children: Sarah Ann, who died young; 
Ephraim, residing at Sandy Ridge, in the Al- 
legheny mountains. Pa.; Mary Elizabeth 
(Mrs. John Shainer), Bellwood, Blair coun- 
ty. Pa. ; Xancy Jane (Mrs. James Bryan), of 
Butler county. Pa.; Susanna, died in infancy; 
John W., laborer, Birmingham, Blair county. 
Pa.; George S., foreman of the Bald Eagle 
shops, Tyrone, Pa. ; Samuel Gesler, engineer, 
of Butler county; and Amos K., cari^enter, 
Altoona, Pa. John Isenberg's life, covering 
the greater jiart of a century (1807-1885), 
was one of indTistry and faithfulness. He was 
a diligent worker, shirking un lianl.tasks. For 
fifty veal's he was a member of tlie-«iIethodist 
Episcopal church, devout and active ; his wife 
was of the same communion, and was also of 
the number of those whose death leaves a 
deeply regretted vacancy in tlie congregation. 
She died at the age of seventy-five. 

After attending the common schools of Alex- 
andria until he was fcnu-teen, Mr. Isenberg 
was employed in the ii'on works of the ilessrs. 
Hatfield, in Porter township. He removed to 
that locality in 1865, and later to Barree 
Forge, where he worked during the war. At 
the latter place Mr. Isenberg learned the busi- 
ness of a blacksmith, serving an a])prenticeship 
of three years with Josejih ^[cCarty. Thi* 
time having cxjured, he worked as journey- 
man for five vears in the same townshiii, and 



tlieu returned to liis former emiiloyer, Mr. 
Hatiielfl, as foreman; this position lie occu- 
pied for six years. In tlie spring of 1879 he 
settled where lie now resides, renting for six 
years, and then ]un'cliasiiig a dwelling and a 
small tract of laud. Until 1892 Mr. Isenberg 
gave his whole attention to his trade; in that 
year he assimied charge of the grist-mill of 
George Sprankle, wln(di he superintends in 
addiriun to the \v<irk of his smithy. In coii- 
iiwrion with the latter, lie has established a 
coach making and repairing shop. From his 
youth, ilr. Isenberg has supported the Ee- 
publican party. He is at present justice of 
the peace, having been elected in 18i)(). 

Mennasseh Isenberg was married, Jiily 25, 
1867, to Mary C. Larkins, of Barree town- 
ship. Their children are: Rhoda May (Mrs. 
Charles Crowell), Altoona, Pa.; Rebecca Mc- 
Elroy (!i[rs. Irwin Leaper), Petersburg, Pa.; 
Eleanora, died in 1S!)2; Anna, died an in- 
fant; John li. ; Blanche (Mrs. Jesse Isen- 
berg), Alexandria; Charles Walter; and 
George William. Mr. Isenberg has been for 
twenty-seven years a member of the ilethodist 
Episcopal clnu'ch; has served on the board of 
stewards, and is now president of the board of 
trustees of the congregation at Alexandria. He 
has been for two years and a half sujierintend- 
ent of the Sunday-school. ]\Ir. Isenberg's ex- 
periences have been varied, but always in the 
line of honorable and useful toil. During his 
earlier engagement with Mr. Hatfield, he 
drove on the tow-path of the canal, visiting in 
this way different parts of Pennsylvania and 
Maryland. The best of his experience is that 
he has always cared for the welfare of others. 
When a boy his earnings assisted in the suj)- 
port of his father's family. For this reason, 
he married without other dependence than his 
vigor and industry; liy diligence and u])- 
rightness he has won respect, and jilaeed his 
family in a condition of conit'ort. 

COLLINS HAirOR, JR.. formerly of Por- 
ter townshi]), near Alexandria, was hoi-ii De- 
cember 24, 1837; his parents were Collins 
-and Margaret (Beatty) Hanior. Collins 11a- 
mor, Sr., was also a native of Huntingdon 
county, born February 25, 179-1-. lie was 
of German descent, and had excellent eoni- 
mand of the language of the fatherland. He 
married Margaret Beatty, who was Irish by 
birth, and for sixteen vears after nmrriaac 

they resided upon a farm in Harts Log val- 
ley. At the end of that time Mr. Hamor 
bought the present homestead of the family, 
a tract of 256 acres, which he cultivated until 
his death, March 11, 1862. His wife survived 
him until November 5, 1877. Their chil- 
dren were: Susanna, born May lb, 1S21, 
died at the age of eighteen; Eliza, born De- 
eendier 2-4, 1823, died August IS, 1860; 
Jane, born December 17, 1825, married John 
Disert, of Porter township, resides in Alex- 
andria; jSTancy, born jMarch 16, 1827, ivsides 
at Tyrone, Pa.; Solomon, born Febrnary s, 
1829, served in Company B, One Hundred 
and Third Pennsylvania Volunteers, during 
the war of the Rebellion, now resides in Por- 
ter township; William, born Februarv 13, 
1831, died August 25, 1866; Ellen, born Jan- 
uary 16, 1833, married Capt. D. Ross Miller, 
who also ser^■ed in the late war, and now re- 
sides in Tyrone; Margaret, born December 
25, 1831, died June 29, 184-2; Collins, Jr.; 
Samuel, born Mav l(i. ls:V.i, died .lulv 15, 
1812; .Margaret an.l Samuel died of s'eariet 

Collins Ilanior, .Ir., had a good common 
school eilueation, was trained from boyhood 
in the business of cultivating the soil, and de- 
voted his attention to farming throughout his 
life, i-esiding upon and cultivating the home- 
stead from the time of his marriage. He took 
no active part in public affairs, and when 
oleeted to the office of tax collector, declined 
the hmior. lie was a person of quiet tastes, 
and ]>reterre(l to eonfine his attention to his 
family and business interests. He was, how- 
ever, highly esteemed in the community, and 
especially in the Presbyterian church, of 
which he was a faithful and devout memlier. 

Collins Hamor, Jr., was married February 
25, 1868, to Almira (Jibbonev, daughter of 
Davi.l and Afarv .Vnn (Foster) AVahlsmith. 
Tlieir eliildren are: Ida C; ^lar-aret M.; 
William A.: and Ralph Collins. The family 
reside upon the homestead. The death of 
the father occurred February 23, 1895, while 
he was still in the prime of manhood, at the 
age of fifty-seven. His remains are interred 
in the cemetery at Alexandria. 

Almira (!. (Waldsmith) Hamor was born 
. I line 12, 1S44, in Barree township, Hunt- 
ingd(m county. Her family removed to West 
township when she was ten years old: tliere 
.she grow up, and lived with her parents until 



she was married. Her father, David Wald- 
smith,was a native of Juniata county, Pa., and 
a farmer. He came to Huntingdon county be- 
fore his marriage, and resided in Barree town- 
ship ; at the time of his death, which occurred 
in ilarch, 1890, he was a resident of Oneida 
to'miship. Mrs. "Waklsmith died in 1878. 
Both held their membership in the Methodist 
Episcopal church, although Mr. Waklsmith's 
family and early training were Presbyterian. 

DAYID A. XEFF, Alexandria, Hunting- 
don county, Pa., was born in Porter township, 
Htmtingdon coimty, April 15, 1836, son of 
Daniel and Mary Magdalene (Huyett) Neff. 
He is a grandson of JohnjSTeffjWhowas a native 
of Lancaster county, Pa., married there, and 
early in his married life removed to Hunting- 
don county, and resided near Petersburg for 
the remainder of his life. His son Daniel, 
father of David A. Xeff, was born in West 
to^^^lship, Huntingdon county, January 19, 
1793. He received his education in the old- 
fashioned subscription schools. He was mar- 
ried in 1819, and after his marriage took up 
his residence on the farm, where all the rest 
of his life was passed, and where his son David 
now resides. It is known as the Rock Vein 
farm. Mr. and Mrs. Daniel Xeif had the fol- 
lowing children: Ann Eliza, deceased, was 
bom February 6, 1821, and married Abraham 
Harnish, of Morris township; Henry, born 
March 16, 1822, has retired from business, 
and lives at JSTeffs Mills; Susan, born October 
20, 1823, resides with her brother, Da^^d A.; 
Fanny, born July 9, 1825, died June 8, 1871; 
John Huyett, born October 9, 1827, was a 
farmer in "West township, died December 23, 
1895; Daniel Jacob, born January 3, 1831, 
is an attorney at Altoona, Pa., solicitor for 
Pennsylvania Railroad Company; William, 
born October IS, 1833, is a farmer; and Da- 
vid A. Daniel Xeff was greatly respected in 
the community ; he was known as a quiet and 
unassuming man, strictly attentive to his vo- 
cation; but those very qualities, coupled with 
his benevolent disposition, won for him the 
greater consideration. He was frequently 
called upon to serve as supervisor of roads. 
He was careful in the fulfilment of his relig- 
ious duties, as a member of the Mennonite 
church. He was beloved not only by his fam- 
ily but by a large circle of friends and neigh- 
bors. Mrs. Daniel Xeff died in 1842; her 

husband on October 17, 1865, upon the home- 
stead. Both are interred in the Xetf ceme- 
tery, in Logan townsliij). 

Their sou David A. Xeff attended the com- 
mon schools until he had nearly attained his 
majority. He also studied for two terms at 
Mooresville Academy. During the vacations 
he assisted in the labors of the home farm, 
and after his education was finished, remained 
on the farm. After the death of his father 
he farmed the homestead for a niimber of 
years, and has been ever since in possession 
of ninety acres of it. He continued to give his 
attention to farming until 1890, when he 
rented the farm to his brother. Mr. Xeff is 
a Keijublican, and very staunch and true to his 
party. He was for a short time in the school 
board of the township. He is a member of the 
Reformed church at Alexandria, and has for 
some years borne the otiice of elder. 

DAXIEL G. XEFF, Alexandria, Hunting- 
don county, Pa., was born in Porter town- 
ship, Fluutingdon county, August 1-t, 1828. 
He is a son of Andrew and Elizabeth (Grove) 
Xeff. Andrew Xeff' was a native of Lancas- 
ter county, Pa., born in 17S7-. He had the 
advantage of a good education, and was a 
farmer. His father, John Xeff, removed at 
an early date to Huntingdon county, and here, 
in Woodcock valley, Andrew married; his 
wife was a daugliter of Jacob and Magdalene 
Grove. They resided on the banks of the 
Juniata, where Andrew Xeff built a home on 
a tract of 200 acres. He also had, with his 
brothers, an interest in the Ridge Land. Mr. 
Xeff was warmly interested in the welfare of 
the community, and was always ready to pro- 
pose or second plans for improvement; his 
intelligence and good judgment gave him an 
influential position in the township. He was 
a faithful member of the Mennonite clim-ch. 
Andrew Xeff died on the homestead about 
1831; his wife survived him for thirty or 
thirty-five years; both are interred in the Xeff 
graveyard at Petersburg, Pa. Their children 
are: Benjamin, died on the homestead in 
1894; Andrew G., died in Porter township, in 
1894; Eliza (Mrs. Samuel Hatfield), of Por- 
ter township; Jacob, farmer, on the home- 
stead; Mary (^Irs. Martin Orlady), McCon- 
nellsto%ra, Pa.; Daniel G.; John, died 
young; David, deceased; and Harry, in the 
hotel business at Alexandria. 



Daniel G. Xeff attended first the private, 
or subscrijDtion schools, and afterwards the 
common schools, studying during the winter 
months, and helping in the work of the farm 
during the summer. He also enjoyed a fair 
degree of musical training, instrumental and 
vocal; he had the good fortune to live in 
the days of the old-fashioneil country singing- 
school, the decline c.f wliicli i^ nmcli to be re- 
gretted, as nothiiiu luis yet l.ciii divised to take 
its place. Mr.Xctl' iMnight what is supposed to 
be the first cabinet organ introduced into this 
part of the country; it is of Mason & Hamlin 
make. The father of Daniel G. Xeff having 
died while most of the family were in early 
youth — Daniel, the sixth child, Avas still a 
small boy — the affairs of the family were con- 
ducted by the mother and eldest In-other. Ben- 
jamin. Daniel remained at home until he was 
about twenty-four, when he married, and 
went to live on a part of the homestead, in- 
cluding 130 acres. He removed to his new 
home his small share of household belong- 
ings, conveying them in a two-wheeled cart, 
with which he forded the river. Among his 
treasures was a little four-octave melodeon, 
with which his mother and family were very 
sorry to part. Mr. Xeff at once began dili- 
gently to improve his home, to build a com- 
fortable dwelling, erect good barns, outhouses 
and fences, plant orchards, etc. He has been 
very successful in all his undertakings. Be- 
sides his home farm, he had one containing 
97 acres, on which he built a house and barn, 
and afterwards sold the place to his son, An- 
drew C. jSTeff. In 1895, he purchased the 
Blue Spring farm, containing 252 acres, and 
lying in Porter township, partly on the banks 
of the Juniata and partly on Warrioi"s Ridge. 
He also owns an interest in the Kidge land, 
and a house and lot in Alexandria. 

In 1852, Daniel G. IN'eff was married to 
Susan, daughter of John and Margaret 
(Mong) Xeff, a native of Lancaster county. 
Pa. Their children are : Andrew C, married 
,Miss Stauffer, resides in Porter township; 
Clara; Elmer E., studying medicine in Phila- 
delphia; Benjamin; and "Walter, cultivating 
the Blue Spring farm, above descriljed. On 
Wednesday afternoon, September 30, 1891, 
the mother of the family was suddenly taken 
away, by disease of the heart. She was an 
excellent Christian woman, active in church 
enterprises and in charitable movements. She 

was an earnest advocate of the temperance 
cause, a member of the "\V. C. T. V. 

Mr. Neff has always been a staunch Ee- 
publican. He takes a number of the leading 
papers of the country, and, watching the pro- 
gress of current events, forms his opinions ac- 
cordingly. He is an active member of the 
Reformed church at Alexandria, where his 
wife also held her membership. He has been 
for many years an office-bearer, first deacon 
and afterwards elder. "When younger, he was 
engao-ed in Sunday-school work. 

JACOB XEFF, Alexandria, Hunting- 
don county, Pa., was born October 12, 1820, 
in the homestead in Porter township in which 
he now resides, and is a sou of Andrew and 
Elizabeth (Grove) Xeff. His grandfather, 
John Xeff, who, as mentioned elsewhere in 
these records, was a native and in his earlier 
life a resident of Lancaster county. Pa., came 
to Huntingdon county after his marriage, and 
resided on the place now occupied by William 
Stryker, near Petersburg. He acquired uuieh 
land, which is now held by his numerous de- 

Helping as a boy can on the farm, during 
the summer, and studying during the winter, 
first in the subscrijjtiou schools, and later in 
the public schools, Jacob Xeff i:)assed his boy- 
hood and early manhood on the homestead. 
About 1845 he bought a farm of 24-0 acres 
on Shavers creek, which he cultivated for 
twenty years. Five years after the purchase 
he married Susan, daughter of Jacob and 
Elizabeth (Baer) Frank, of Lancaster county. 
Pa. He had begun on the farm with but 
$400, and the brick house which he built for 
the reception of his young wife, together with 
his many other improvements, cost him $7,- 
000. Of course, those were days of much 
hard work and sometimes, perhaps, of no little 
anxiety ; yet Mr. Xeff looks back to that period 
as the happiest of his life. In 1865 he sold 
the farm of John Arnold, and removed to 
the family homestead, where he has ever since 
resided. He has given his entire attention to 
farming; has made extensive improvements 
on the old place, in the way of setting out 
orchards, building fences and adding various 
facilities. At the same time, he has not re- 
t'ii-<d to do the sei'vices required of him as a 
citizen; has served as school director for two 



terms, aiul fur (Uie term as supervisor, llis 
political views are decidedly Republicau. 

The children of Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Neff 
are: Samuel, married Miss Sprankle, resides 
with his father; Frank, also residing at home. 
Mr. XefF is serving as trustee of the Eeformed 
church at Alexandria, of which he and Mrs. 
Xetf are both active members. 

Huntingdon county. Pa., son of Daniel G. 
and Susan (Xeff) Xeff, was born in Porter 
township, Huntingdon county, August 20, 
185-i. The tirst school he attended was held 
in -what is called the "old aqueduct school- 
house." With his recollections of that school 
are associated the memories of some very se- 
vere teachers. After leaving it, he went for 
several terms to a school at Alexandria. In 
the intervals of attendance at school, he as- 
sisted in the work on the home farm. Mr. 
Xeff bought his j^resent farm and resided up- 
on it for two years before his marriage. He 
erected a good substantial dwelling and barns. 
The farm contains about 100 acres. Mr. Xeff 
is a Republican. He has never sought any 
public office. He is a member of the Reform- 
ed chiu'ch at Alexandria, and an active pro- 
moter of the work of the congregation and 
church at large. Mr. Xefl" has always been 
a diligent and faithful worker, in whatever 
line his duty required. 

Andrew C. Xeff was married in 1S80 to 
Laura, daughter of Samuel and Annie Stouf- 
fer, of McConnellstown, Pa. They had the 
following children: Jennie, deceased; Por- 
ter S., deceased; Ethel; and Elizabeth. Mrs. 
Xeff died in July, 1894; her remains are in- 
ten-ed in the Xeff cemetery, near Xeffs Mills. 
Mr. Xeff was married again at his home Jan- 
uary 13, 1897, to Grace Stouffer, a sister of 
his former wife. 

The Xeff Family. 
This family, now so numerous in various 
parts of Pennsylvania, and in some localities 
in the west, originated in Switzerland, where 
there are very many of the name, especially 
in Canton Zurich. There they belong, as 
their descendants in America take pleasure in 
pointing out, to the most substantial and per- 
manent class, the great middle class, whose 
lot in life is "neither i^overty nor riches," but 
useful activity, with consequent prosperity, 

moderate audjitions, and cnntentment. They 
are said to be among the most prosperous and 
best educated artisans of Europe, so progres- 
sive and advanced as to have made their native 
canton one of the earliest seats of the cotton 
manufacture on that continent; the i^roduet 
of their looms is still in demand in every mar- 
ket. That traits of heroism and intellectual 
aspirations are latent under this comfortable 
burgher-iike aspect, is clearly jJroved by in- 
cidents of family history which are handed 
down from one generation to another, and re- 
hearsed with affectionate and sympathetic 
pride. The Xeffs in America are able to trace 
their genealogy back to the earlier half of 
the sixteenth century. They had their share 
in the struggles for liberty so liravely carried 
'on by the little mountain countiy of Switzer- 
land against the almost overwhelming power 
of Austria ; that struggle so celebrated in song 
and story, which, e^'en more than the ]3eeuliar 
grandeur and loveliness of the country, en- 
dears her to American hearts. Their earliest 
known ancestor, Adam Xeff, with his good 
sword, rescued the standard of Zurich from 
the hands of the invaders, at the battle of 
Cappel, October 11, 1531. He was then a 
young man of about thirty years of age. The 
descendants of the name in Europe still cele- 
brate the anniversaries of the battle — the 
same in which the great reformer Z-n-ingli lost 
his life — and of the heroic deed of their an- 
cestor with family gatherings, festivals, and 
eloquent addresses. In the next century, Bar- 
liara Xeff, martyred for her devotion to the 
Reformed faith, lent new lustre to the name. 
In later times, Felix Xeff, the "pastor of the 
high Alps," is fondly remembered for his 
short life of Christian zeal and fidelity to his 
flock, scattered over (he Alpine heights, and 
for his self-denying missionary labors in 
spreading the gospel among the destitute and 
ignorant dwellers in remote hamlets. A cele- 
brated publisher of Stuttgart, Germany, is 
Paul Xeff, one of the same frcundschaftj and 
the family boasts at least one distinguished 
ai'tist, in the person of Timoleon Carl von 
Xeff, painter of the picture of St. Isaac of 
Dalmatia in the cathedral at St. Petersburg, 
who died in Russia in 1879. 

Representatives of three generations of the 
Xeff family came to this country about 1717: 
Francis Xeff; his sons Francis Xeft", Jr., Henry 
and Daniel ; and the sons of Daniel Xeff, also 



named Henry and Daniel. They settled near 
Little Conestoga creek, in Lancaster county. 
Hans Heinrich, or John Henry jSTeff, brother 
of Francis Xeff, the first regularly educated 
physician in Lancaster county, aj^pears to 
have settled here somewhat earlier. He 
was widely known throughout the county, and 
spoken of with affectionate, but respectful, 
familiarity as the "old doctor." The descend- 
ants of Franz, or Francis, Xeff, are spread 
throughout Lancaster and Huntingdon coun- 
ties, Ohio, Virginia and other parts of the 
United States; and the family has been allied 
by marriage with a great many of the most 
substantial and intelligent families in the 
country. The early settlers of the name were 
generally ^Mcnnoiiites. nv mcnilx'rs of the Ke- 
foriiicd cliurc-li; the furiiici- prr-^nasion seems 
to have predoniiuated aiiiung tlicin. Governor 
Gordon, of Pennsylvania, says of them 
(Colonial Records, vol. 3, p. 29C), that they 
"came into the province under a itarticidav 
agreement with the late Honourable Proprie- 
tor, "William Penn at London." under whom 
they took up lands, and that they ''have gen- 
erally so good a character for honesty and 
industry as deserves the esteem of this gov- 
ernment, and a mark of regard for them." 

Many years after the settlement by Francis 
N^eff and his family, Kudolph and Jacob came 
from the Swiss canton, and became residents 
of Frankford, near Philadelphia. They also 
have many descendants in this country, and 
of both branches of the family representatives 
have not been wanting who have won for 
themselves most honorable social positions, 
and merited the gratitude of the states in 
which they have resided for their public ser- 
vices. A descendant of the Frankford branch 
of the family, Miss Elizabeth Clifford Xeff, 
has commemorated her ancestry in a large 
and interesting work, the "History of the Xeff 

GUSTAV ALT:\rAX, Alexandria, Hunt- 
ingdon county, Pa., was l:)orn at Dessau, on 
the Elbe river, in central Prussia, July 11, 
18.39. His parents were "Wilhelm and Ida 
(Fritsche) Altraan. Wilhelm Altman was 
born September 28, 1819; he was a goldsmith 
and jeweler, and served in the German army. 
His first wife, who was Ida Fritsche, died in 
1858. Their children are: Franz, deceased; 
Gustav; "William, a merchant of Rochester. 

X. Y.; Carl, engineer on a railroad of Bre- 
men, Gennany; j\[atilda (Mrs. Buzzard), of 
Staten Island; Otto, died in Huntingdon, 
Pa. ; Eniil, died in Xew York ; and Ida, died 
in Germany. The father married again, and 
was living with his second wife at the time 
of his death, which occurred in his native 
place, July 17, 1875. 

Gustav Altman attended school in his na- 
tive town of Dessau until he attained to his 
fifteenth year; he then left school, intending, 
however, to continue going during the win- 
ters, while he went to sea in the summer. He 
accordingly went to Bremen to seek a berth 
on a sailing vessel, but without siiccess, and he 
was advised to_go to Xew York. Upon this 
advice he acted, his parents furnishing him 
with money for the voyage. "Without any 
companion the boy set out to seek his fortune 
beyond the sea. The passage from Bremen 
to Xew York occupied fifty-two days; the 
sailing vessel was at one time becalmed in mid- 
ocean, and at others, she encountered very 
rough weather. At length, the young emi- 
grant landed at Xew York, and proceeded at 
once to the home of an uncle, who was a far- 
mer in Xew Jersey, and with whom he re- 
mained for a year and a half, working as farm 
hand, at $4 a month. At the end of that 
time, the uncle having exchanged his farm 
for some property in Xew York, young Alt- 
man accompanied him to that State, and soon 
found work there in a machine shop, where 
he continued for a year. He and some asso- 
ciates then determined to go on a whaling 
voyage, and set out at once for Xew Bedford, 
going by boat as far as Xewport, and making 
the rest of the journey by rail. Arrived at 
Xew Bedford, the young adventurer met with 
some old salts, who privately advised him to 
give up his project, and be content to remain 
a "land lubber." Their arguments prevailed, 
and Gustav Altman and his companions de- 
cided to return to Xew York. But they had 
spent all their capital in going to Xew Bed- 
ford; so they walked as far as Xewport, and 
there Avent on board a boat bound for Xew 
York harbor. ^Yhen the fai-e of the passen- 
gers was collected, the young men said that 
they had no money, but would willingly 
work their passage. They were told that there 
were enough of such men on board ; the cap- 
tain therefore compelled them to leave their 
coats with him, until thev should be able to re- 



deem tliem by the payment of a dollar. lu the 
pocket of Mr. Altman's coat was a book which 
he had brought from his home in Germany 
and which he prized very highly, as it contain- 
ed his diary, the portraits of his father and 
mother, and other mementoes of the family. 
He begged the captain earnestly to allow hi'm 
to retain this i^recions wallet, but received 
only a hard-hearted refusal, given, it would 
seem, solely for the purpose of causing pain 
to the poor, lonely boy, as the pocket-book 
could have been of no great value to any one 
else. When he reached JS^ew York the boy 
was too proud to ask his uncle for the dollar 
with which to buy his coat; so he went di- 
rectly to Honesdale, Pa., where he was em- 
ployed at the coal mines by the Pennsylvania 
Railroad. As soon as he had earned some forty 
or fifty dollars, which was, of course, not for 
a^number of weeks, he went on foot to Kew 
York, sought the steamboat captain and re- 
deemed his coat; but, sad to say, the precious 
book and its contents were lost, and the un- 
sympathizing captain, not having troubled 
himself at all about the article, could give the 
young man no idea how to find it. 

Young Altman then went to see his uncle, 
bade him good bye, and set out to look for 
work. He was employed at threshing for a 
few days at Lemstown, Pa., after which he 
came on foot to Porter township, and solicited 
and obtained work from the farmers. For a 
year he worked for Samuel Xeff, and the fol- 
lowing winter for William Stryker, for board 
and schooling; and was afterwards with him 
until 1859, on good wages. Mr. Stryker 
wished him to remain another year, offering 
increased wages, but Mr. Altman declined the 
offer, as he had an opportunity to learn the 
business of a miller. When Mr. Stryker re- 
monstrated with him on giving up $13 per 
month to receive only $4, the young man re- 
plied that he hoped to make it up after a 
while. For the advantage of knowing a reg- 
ular business, he had the good judgment to 
relinquish a present gain. He at once went 
to work in the mills of Benjamin L. ISTeff; 
during the first year his wages were $50; dur- 
ing his second, $75; in the third year, Mr. 
K"eff rented the mill on shares to ilr. Altman 
and Mark Bodley. They had conducted the 
mill for a year when the war of the Rebellion 
broke out. Gustav Altman then enlisted at 
Petersburg, Pa., in Company H, Fifteenth 

Pennsylvania Volunteers, Capt. Joseph John- 
son, for three months. The company proceed- 
ed first to Han-isburg, Pa., then to Carlisle. 
Pa., and then to Lancaster, Pa.; the regiment 
was assigned to Xegley's brigade, and was un- 
der General Pattisou. They were ordered to 
Martinsburg, Ya., were in a fight at Falling 
Waters, then overtook the rebels under John- 
son's command at Bunker Hill; from that 
point the Confederate troops fell back to Win- 
chester, and the Union force went to Harper's 
Ferry. The "rebs" had been there before 
them, and "destroyed about everything in 
sight." At Harper's Ferry, the time of the 
Fifteenth expired, and they were ordered to 
Carlisle, where they were paid off and dis- 

Mr. Altman resumed the charge of the mill, 
and continued in the same until the following- 
spring, when he went to Ohio, and worked in 
a mill at Massillon. After a few months, be- 
coming dissatisfied, he went to Cincinnati, but 
could not find work there ; and learning that 
the United States Government was paying 
teamsters $.30 per month, he enlisted in that 
cajjacity, and proceeded on transports from 
Paducah, Ky., to Huntsville, Ala., being as- 
signed to the Twelfth Indiana Artillery, to 
take charge of their ammunition wagons at 
the latter point. At Huntsville Mr. Altman 
was attacked by camp fever, but was only 
kept from attending to his duties for a week. 
He was next ordered to Xash^•ille, Tenn., 
where he became so ill that he was carried by 
three men to the hospital; during this attack 
he was many times at the point of death. On 
account of disability, he was discharged, and 
returned home. Xashville was at this time 
suiToiTuded by southern troops, but disabled 
soldiers were allowed free passage out of the 
city, under a flag of truce. Reaching the 
rebel lines, they showed their passes at head- 
quarters, and were obliged to hand over for 
inspection all letters and other papers which 
they carried. Among these were many let- 
ters from comrades in Xashville to friends in 
the north ; these were allowed to pass through 
imless they contained matter relative to the 
state of military affairs. At Owensboro, on 
the Ohio, they boarded transports for Louis- 
ville, Ky., where !Mr. Altman remained for a 
week to recuperate. 

Returning to Petersburg, Pa., be in a short 
time went to work at Xeffs [Mills, and after- 



wards at Andrew Iletfner's mills, in McC'on- 
nellstown, at a time when raids of southern 
troops were daily looked for in Pennsylvania, 
and the people were alert and in arms for the 
defence of their homes. Companies were or- 
ganized, called Home Guards, for this pur- 
pose. Mrs. Heffner not wishing her husband 
to join one of these companies, Mr. Altman 
begged his employer to give him his gun and 
let him go in his stead, which ilr. Heffner 
did. The company of which the gallant 
young miller was one, set out to inter- 
cept the expected raiders. Their plan was 
to station men at certain points on the look- 
out for them, with bundles of straw, to be 
fired when the hostile body shoiild approach, 
as a signal to the rest of the company. 
By some accident, a sentinel set fire to the 
straw, and the Home Guards started bravely 
in the direction of the light, passing through 
McConnellstown on their way, and throwing 
the good people of the place into a sad panic. 
In the town and along the country roads 
many were hiding themselves, their horses 
and their valuables; but the alarm soon sub- 
sided, and all settled down again in their 
homes. A day or two later, ]\rr. Altman joined 
Captain Thomas" coiiipaiiv. in the Furtv-sixth 
State Militia: thcv wnv ..nlcivd t.. I'hihi.K.l- 
phia, to quell sdiiic distuvliaiiccs, <-ainpcil there 
for several weeks, were then discharged and 
returned home. 

But Mr. Altman's martial services were not 
yet ended. He must have inherited the blood 
of the ancient German warriors; he was cer- 
tainly full of their spirit, for he could not stay 
quietly by the mill while there was war in 
the land. For one winter he worked at "Wal- 
lace's mill, at Union Furnace; but on Feb- 
ruary 29, 1864, he once more enlisted, this 
time for three years, in Company C, Captain 
Lawson, of the Seventy-seventh Pennsylvania 
Volunteers, and was away to the front again, 
and all through the Atlanta campaign with 
Sherman. But just before that long march, 
a very interesting episode occurred. ]Mr. Gus- 
tav Altman went back to Petersburg and was 
married. ISTo leave of absence was to be ob- 
tained, so the bridegroom-elect slipped away 
from his regiment, taking byways to Harris- 
burg in order to escape the vigilance of pick- 
ets, walking all the way there, and going from 
that place to Petersburg, where he was mar- 
ried to ^Margaret Guisler. daughter of [Michael 
and Posanna Guisler. For a week he remain- 

ed with his Ijride, and then rejoined his regi- 
ment, which had by this time moved to Pitts- 
Inn-g. While stationed at Pittsburg, he paid 
one more stolen visit to his bride, and then 
returned to Pittsburg to find that his regi- 
ment had left for the front. Many others 
were in the same j^light as himself, and they 
all set oif to overtake the regiment, which they 
did not do until they reached Xashville. At 
Tunnell Hill, Ga., they had the first encoun- 
ter with the Confederates, beginning May 7, 
and not ending \mtil the morning of May 
13. Then followed the fights at Resaca and 
Kingston; then on the 23d, at Xew Hope 
Church, Gustav Altman was in the hottest of 
the battle; then came the engagements at 
Ivennesaw Mountain, and at Smyrna, where 
there was hard fighting; besides these, there 
was nuieh skirmishing along the Chattahoo- 
chee river. On the 20th and 21st of August, 
they were engaged at Peach Tree Creek; on 
the 25th, they were employed in destro_^ang 
the Montgomery railroad, and directly after, 
the Macon road. At Lovejoy, the regiment 
was engaged on September 2, 3 and 4, and on 
the evening of the 5th Mr. Altman was 
wounded at the battle of Franklin, being 
struck on the left arm by a bursting shell. He 
was obliged after the battle to go to the hos- 
pital, where he received his discharge, June 
13, 1S(35; it was the Cumberland hospital, 
at Xashville, Tenn. 

Home once more, at Petersburg, ^Ir. Alt- 
man did any work that offered itself for a 
while, until there was an opening for him at 
his own trade. In 1S6S he became head mil- 
ler in a mill at Petersburg. Pa., where he re- 
mained for eight years. He then rented a 
mill in Alexandria, of James H. Dysert, and 
afterwards became a partner with ilr. Dysert 
in the milling business. This connection con- 
tinued until 1888, when Mr. Altman and Wil- 
liam jM. Phillips bought the mill property, 
and have conducted it ever since. !Mr. Alt- 
man built a brick dwelling at Pctei-sburg, 
which he has since sold; he owns other prop- 
erty in that borough. The firm owns land and 
other real estate besides the mill. ilr. Alt- 
man is a Republican, and active in political 

Three of the children of ^h: and .Mrs. Alt- 
man are deceased; the surviving are: Ida 
(ilrs. Frank Fouse), Alexandria. Pa.; Bertha 
(:\rrs. George Lloyd), of Porter townshij); and 
(Tusta^•. .Mr. .\ltman was aireadv a Tuember 



of the Lutlieraii elinrcli ljef(-ire lie left the 
fatherland, and he and his familv still attend 
that ehuivh. 

WILLIAM 11. AVILSOX, Barree Forge, 
Huntingdon county. Pa., was born June 12. 
1846, in "Wheatfield township, Perry county, 
Pa., son of Isaac and Cilliuda (Gladden) Wil- 
son. Frederick K. Wilson, his grandfather, 
Avas by descent Scotch, but by birth a Vir- 
ginian, a native of the far-famed Shenandoah 
valley, where he was a planter, and owned 
many slaves. His son, Isaac Wilson, was born 
in Sharpsburg, Md., where his youth was 
passed. For many years he was an iron 
moulder; he was employed by the original 
Duncannon Iron Company in that capacity, 
and during the time of his engagement with 
them, he bought the farm in Wheatfield 
township, Perry county, to which he after- 
wards removed, and where he died about 
1849. The children of Mr. and Mrs. Isaac 
Wilson are : Robert, who served in the Ninth 
Pennsylvania Cavalry, and died of fever in 
a hospital at Springfield, Tenn., where he is 
buried; Moses G., married, employed by the 
Pennsylvania Railroad at Cove Station, Pa.; 
Harriet B. (Mrs. William Keyser), Logans- 
port, Ind.; William H.; Joseph W., at home 
with his mother; Jennie, deceased, wife of 
M. J. Moore; George D., married, and resides 
in Duncannon, Pa. Mr. Isaac Wilson be- 
longed to the Whig party. He was a devoted 
member of the Methodist church. His wife, 
Mrs. Cillinda Wilson, was a daughter of Joshua 
and Mary (Clark) Gladden, and was born Jan- 
uary 1, 1818, near Halifax, in Dauphin coun- 
ty. Pa. Her paternal grandfather was one of 
the earliest settlers of Clarks valley, Dauphin 
county. Mrs Wilson came with her parents to 
Perrj^ county in 1835, and was married to 
Isaac Wilson in 1837. She was a consistent 
member of the Methodist Episcopal church for 
over sixty years. She was always ready with 
the hand of charity and woi'ds of consolation 
for those who were sick or in distress. She 
died at Duncannon, Pa., February 25, 1897, 
at the venerable age of seventy-nine years, 
one month and twenty-four days; her death 
is mourned not only by her family, but by all 
who appreciated her true Christian character. 

William H. Wilson attended the common 
schools of his native township and of Dun- 
cannon until he was fourteen veai-s old. He 

enlisted during the Rebellion in Company A, 
Twelfth Pennsylvania Cavalry, as a bugler, 
but the regiment having its full complement 
of buglers, he was furnished Avith full cavalry 
equipment, much to his satisfaction, as he pre- 
ferred active service to idleness. He was still 
no more than a boy, and enlisted in opposition 
to his mother's directly expressed wish, I'un- 
ning away from home and going to Harris- 
burg, when he failed to find a recruiting of- 
ficer near at hand. During his term of enlist- 
ment, which was six months, he took part in 
the second battle of Fredericksbui'g and the 
first at AVinchester, Ya. He was also acci- 
dentally engaged in the battle of Gettysburg. 
His command lying at that time at Pine 
Grove, Pa., he was detailed as dispatch bearer, 
and sent to Gettysburg. By the time he was 
within the L'nion lines, the fight had begun, 
and he could not return. He fell in with the 
Fifth West Virginia Cavalry, and, being 
slightly acquainted with them, he went 
through one day of the great battle with them. 
On the evening of the same day he returned 
to his command at Pine Grove. At the ex- 
piration of the six months Mr. Wilson re-en- 
listed in Company A, an independent regiment 
formed by Captain Sanno, who when the 
war broke out was a drill master at Carlisle, 
Pa. The young cavalryman was continually 
on duty, scouting and skirmishing through 
Virginia, West Virginia and Xorth Carolina. 
He was in Virginia when the news was re- 
ceived of the burning of Chambersburg, Pa. 
His command was ordered to intercept the 
rebel leader, McCausland, who fired that 
town; they accordingly went at a breakneck 
pace to Chambersburg, reaching the place 
without a single halt. Their approach put 
the Confederate troops to flight. They found 
the people in great terror and consternation. 
The day — July 30 — was very hot, and its sul- 
triness was greatly aggravated by the heat 
from the bvirning buildings; after the hard 
and exhausting ride, it was almost unendur- 
able. But the gallant regiment soon set out 
again in pursuit of the raiders, whom they 
overtook at Hancock, Md., and di-ove them 
from their position; following them up, they 
gave them a severe drubbing at Roniney, W. 

After receiving his discharge at the close 
of the «ar, [Mr. Wilson went home, and in a 
short time entered the employ of the Dun- 



cannon Iron Company, as apprentice to the 
trade of nailer. After serving an apprentice- 
ship of three years, he remained with the com- 
pany two years longer as jonrneyman, and 
then worked at his trade in Pittsburg, Pa., for 
one year, in Bellaire, Ohio, for eighteen 
months, and at Wheeling, "W. Va., for eigh- 
teen months. Eeturning to Duncannon, he 
worked for his former employers until the 
spring of 1S71, and was then for two years 
at Scranton, Pa., in the employ of the Hill- 
side Coal Company. During this time, he 
was for three months attached to the engineer 
corps, and for the remainder of the time acted 
as superintendent of the Forest City collieries. 
He assisted in laying ont the town of Forest 
City, in erecting the first twelve lionses built 
there, and in developing mines. 

In the spring of 1873, Mr. AVilson went to 
Des Moines, la., and was engaged nntil 1S76 
with the Great "We.steru Stock and Pro- 
duce Company. He then came back to Penn- 
sj'lvania, and was offered his former ]3osition 
as foreman for the coal company, but declined 
the offer, and once more entered the emjiloy 
(if the Duncannon Iron Company as nailer. 
In this position he remained until 1SS9, when 
he ln'caiiic freight agent for the Pennsylvania 
Railr.>ii<l ('diiipany at Duncannon. In Octo- 
ber, 1S!)1, he entered upon his present jxisition 
as passenger, express and freight agent for the 
same company at Barree. His diligence and 
faithfulness in the discharge of his official 
duties are well known to the company, and 
have won for him esteem and confidence. One 
of Mr. Wilson's best known characteristics is 
his untiring industry. He is a staunch Re- 
publican, decided in his opinions on all im- 
portant jjrinciples, but liberal as to minor 
matters. At Duncannon, he served tor three 
years in the borough council. 

JOHN C. ARNOLD, Barree, Huntingdon 
county. Pa., was born September 24, 1S25, 
in the kingdom of "Wurtemberg, Germany, 
He is the son of George and Barbara (Walter) 
Arnold. His grandfather, George Arnold, 
was a native of Wurtemberg. Both ser\-eil 
the required term of six years in the (icrnian 
army, and both jiassed their lives in tlieir na- 
tive country. George -Vrnold was a farmer; 
he died in Wurtemberg about ls7-'); his 
wife had passed away long before, in is id. 
Their children are: John C. ; Marv, wlio <li(il 

d Pel 


in Germany; 

John C. Arnold was a jinpi! in the connnon 
schools of his native land from the age of six 
until he was fourteen years old, when he be- 
gan to support himself as a farm hand, on very 
small wages; they did not amount to more 
than twenty dollars a year. During part of 
the time he lived with his parents. At the 
age of twenty-one he entered the German 
army, and served his six years, during Avliieh 
time the Revolution of 1S4S took place; he 
was on duty, stationed at Baden. In the year 
1852, after his discharge from the army, ilr. 
Arnold left Gemiany for Liverpool, and there 
took passage in a sailing vessel for America. 
After a voyage of eleven weeks of very rough 
Meather, he landed in jS'ew York. When his 
jiassage money was paid, ^[v. Arnold had just 
twenty dollars left. He came at once from 
Xew York to Alexandria, Pa., where Mr. 
Arnold had a friend, John Kimler, who was 
a laborer. On the second or third day after 
reaching Alexandria, the enterprising young- 
immigrant succeeded in obtaining employ- 
ment by the month on a farm in the vicinity. 
On February 22, 1853, John C. Arnold was 
married to Elizabeth Weible; the young- 
couple went to housekeeping on a place be- 
tween Alexandria and Barree Forge, where 
they had rented the dwelling. Here they re- 
sided for four years, ^Mr. Arnold still Avorking 
for various farmers. At the end of a two 
years' engagement with Henry Swope, he re- 
moved to John Swope's farm, in Porter town- 
ship, where they resided for ten years. They 
then went to Alexandria, and were there for 
one year, while ^Ir. Arnold was working- in 
a stone quarry, at $1.18 per day. At the end 
of that year, in the fall, he bought the place 
on which they now live, containing 137 acres; 
he has since erected fine farm buildings. The 
ilwelling was built by Jacob Xeft' in 1852, and 
carrying brick for its construction was one 
of the jobs performed by ^Ir. Arnold during 
that first year in the new country. Mr. Ar- 
n<il(1 voted twice for President Lincoln, but, 
his vote having been challenged on one occa- 
sion, he has not cast a vote since that time, 
nor ever concerned himself about political 
matters. The children of ^Ir. and ilrs. Ar- 
nold are: Mary (Mrs. AV. S. Varner), Ale.x- 
anilria. Pa.; Rosa; Caroline, deceased, wife 
of F. H. Medaugh, Xashville, Tenn.; Ilarrv; 



Elizabeth; Fanny (Mrs. S. L. Work), Akrou, 
Ohio; Charles, died yoiiug; John, in the 
Inmber business at St. Helens, Mich. ; Lewis 
Philiii, also lumberman at St. Helens; and 
Rebecca S. Mr. and ]\Irs. Arnold are mem- 
bers of the Lutlieran church at Petersburg;, 

HEXKY DAVIS, SR., Barree, Himting- 
don county, Pa., was born in Rohrerstown, 
a little village one mile and a half from Lan- 
caster, in Lancaster county. Pa., March 17, 
IS 14. He is a son of Lewis and Catherine 
Davis. LeAvis Davis was a native of Wales. 
He came to this country alone, when a 
young man, his brothers and sisters all re- 
maining in the old country. He at first made 
his living by general labor, but was afterwards 
enqjloyed for many years in a distillery in 
Hempfield township, Lancaster county. He 
married in Shavertown, Pa., and had four 
children, but his wife died while they were 
still very young. After his son Henry 
had married, he came to Huntingdon county, 
and made his home with Henry for the rest 
of his life. He died December 3, 1861, aged 
seventy-five. The children of Mr. and Mrs. 
LeAvis Davis are : Catherine, married and died 
in Lancaster county; Samuel, died at Shavers 
Creek in 1889, in his eighty-second year; 
Mary, married David Kinch, who died at 
Huntingdon Furnace, and she died at Frank- 
linville. Pa. ; and Henry. 

Henry Davis spent his boyhood days in the 
neighborhood of his native place. He re- 
ceived his education in subscription schools, 
but was a school boy only until he was four- 
teen years old. At that age he was employed 
in a store, where he remained for eighteen 
months, and then hired himself out as farm 
hand. In 1835, he made arrangements for 
learning the blacksmith's trade from his 
brother"in-law, David Kinch, to whom he 
served an apprenticeship of three years, work- 
ing afterwards for two or three years as a 
journeyman. He and his brother Samuel, 
who was also a blacksmith, then opened a 
shop in Sinking valley, Blair coiinty. They 
continued the business there for one year, and 
then removed to the vicinity of Shavers 
Creek, Huntingdon county, where they had 
their shop for nearly forty years. Mr. Davis 
has Ijeen a farmer as well as a mechanic. 
From the spring of 1837, a few months after 

his man-iage, until 1889, he resided near 
Shavers Creek, where he OAvned and cultivat- 
ed a farm. He sold this farm just after re- 
moving to the place on which he now resides, 
and which belongs to his son. Dr. Miles L. 
Davis. Mr. Davis has now retired from ac- 
tive business. He is a Republican, warmly 
attached to his party. At Shavers Creek, 
he Avas for many years postmaster. He served 
one term as county commissioner, and helped 
to build the court house at Huntingdon. He 
has seiwed as overseer of the poor, Avas justice 
of the peace for many years, and for a long 
time collector of the county tax. 

Henry Davis Avas married in Porter toAvn- 
ship, December 29, 1836, to Catherine, 
daughter of Henry Walheater. Their chil- 
dren are: Samuel T., M. D., of Lancaster, 
Pa., born March 6, 1838, mari-ied October 
2, 1866, to Elizabeth Fenstermacher; Wil- 
liam, blacksmith, of ShaA-ers Creek, born 
April 19, 1840, married October 2, 1860, to 
Mary E. Forster; Henry, farmer, of Sha- 
A-ers Creek, born April 5, 1842, married Oc- 
tober 4, 1864, to Mary A. Wilson; Miles L., 
M. D., of Lancastei', Pa., born February 6, 
1845, married March 16, 1871, to Leona E. 
Wilson; Mary C. (Mrs. Stewart Livingston), 
of Altoona, Pa., born April 6, 1848, married 
September 24, 1871; and John W., druggist, 
of Burlington, jST. J., born October 2, 1858, 
maiTied October 3, 1882, to Margaret Gun- 
daker. Four sons of this family seiwed in the 
Union army during the war of the Rebellion. 
TAA'ice the father Avent to the front; once to 
bring home his eldest son, aa-1io Avas Avounded 
at the battle of Resaca; and afterwards to 
Harper's Ferry, to look for his son William, 
AA'hom he supposed to have been killed ; to his 
gi'eat relief and joy, he found that the man 
AA'hose life had been taken was another of the 
same name. IMr. DaA'is is a member of the 
Presbyterian church at Alexandria. His 
record is most enviable. During sixty years 
of married life, no unkind AA'ord has ever 
passed betAveen this A'enerable man and his 
AA-ife. Their long life, useful and full of true 
dignity, has Avon for them the affectionate 
respect of all Avho knoAV them. 

JONAS S. LOWDER, Barree, Huntingdon 
county. Pa., AA-as born September 21, 1843, 
near Milroy, ]\Iiftlin county, ten miles east 
of LcAvistoAvn, Pa., son of Joel and Catherine 



(Stein) Lowder. Joel Lowder was a native of 
Centre county, Pa., a son of Michael Lowder, 
born in 1819. He went to Mitfliu county, 
Pa., when a, young man. After his marriage 
at Bellefoute, he returned to MiiHin county, 
and resided there until 1846. He then re- 
moved back to Centre county mth his wife 
and family. About nine years later, they re- 
moved again, to Franklin township, Hunt- 
ingdon county, near Pennsylvania Furnace. 
During all these years, they had lived on rent- 
ed farms, but finally they settled in Morris 
township, Huntingdon county, where Mr. 
Lowder bought a farm of 154 acres, from B. 
F._ Wallace, on which he resided for many 
years. He at last sold all of the place to 
his son John, except twelve acres which he 
reserved for quarrying. He owns another 
farm in Ferguson township, Centre county. 
Some years ago, Joel Lowder relinquislied 
business, and is leading a life of well-earned 
leisure on bis place in Morris township. Mr. 
Lowder is a Democrat; he has never sought 
any public office. Mrs. Lowder died in 1881, 
and is interred at Arch Springs, Blair county. 
Pa. She, as well as her husband, was a mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian church. She was 
very faithful and devoted, and was deeply in- 
terested in church work, especially in Foreign 
^Missions. She had many friends, and was 
highly esteemed among her acquaintances. 
The children of ]\Ir. and ]Mrs. Lowder are: 
Jonas. S.; John, farmer, at Union Furnace, 
Huntingdon county; Daniel B., farmer, Oak 
Hall, Centre county. Pa.; Sarah (Mrs. John 
A. Crawford), Arch Spi'ings, Blair county, 
Pa.; Mary, (Mrs. Dr. Eothrock), Reecls- 
ville, Miffiin county, Pa.; George W., book- 
keeper for P. R. E. in Pittsburg, Pa. ; Lydia 
(!Mrs. George W. Bridenbaugh), Tyrone 
township, Blair county; and David S., clerk 
in the wholesale dry goods house of Hughes 
& Llacke, Pittsburg, Pa. Joel Lowder holds 
his membership in the Presbyterian church at 
Arch Springs, Blair county. 

Jonas S. Lowder was a pupil in the common 
schools of his native place until he was about 
fifteen years old. His oj^portunities for an 
education were but slender; being the eldest 
of the family, and his parents in straitened 
circumstances, it was his duty to assist them 
in their efforts to gain a livelihood for the fam- 
ily. So, leaving school early, he worked with 
his father on the farm until he was twenty- 

one. He was then for three years engaged in 
the quarries of Mr. A. G. Morris, after which 
he again worked for his father until the spring 
of 1876. That year, the Centennial Exposi- 
tion year, he passed in Philadelphia. He was 
first engaged as one of the health ofticers at 
the Grand Exposition Hotel, which con- 
tained 1,325 rooms. This engagement lasted 
eight months, after which he was obliged to 
spend several months in Jefferson College 
Hospital, where he had undergone a surgical 
operation. "Wlien discharged from the hospi- 
tal, Mr. Lowder went home, and after a short 
stay, came to H^mtingdon county and bought 
the place on which he now resides; it then 
contained 81 acres, but he has since added 
considerable tracts of land to the original jDur- 
chase. He owns several tenant houses at the 
village of Barree Forge. 

Jonas S. Sowder was married, December 
6, 1877, to Jennie, daughter of Jesse and 
Mary (McMillan) Fisher. They immediately 
went to housekeeping on the farm which Mr. 
Lowder had purchased, and have resided there 
ever since. Mr. and Mrs. Lowder are members 
of the Presbj'terian church. In politics he is 
independent, forming his opinions and 
ing his vote according to his best judgment. 

HEXRY G. XEFF, Alexandria, Hunting- 
don county. Pa., was born in Porter town- 
ship, Huntingdon county, March 11, 1833, 
son of Andrew and Elizabeth (Grove) Xeff. 
Andrew Xeff, farmer, was born August 20, 
1787, in Huntingdon coimty; he died Janu- 
ary, 1833, from the effects of a fall from his 
horse. Mrs. Xeff' survived him thirty-six 
yeai-s; she was born June 13, 1796, and died 
at the age of seventy. Their children are: 
Benjamin, born September 14, 1816, died 
aged seventy-seven years; Andrew, born 
September 13, 1818, died aged seventy-six 
years; Jacob, born October 12, 1820, resides 
on the old homestead in Porter township; 
Elizabeth, born September 27, 1822, lives in 
Alexandria, wife of Samuel Hatfield, iron- 
master; John Grove, born Xevember 24, 
1824, died March 10, 1833; Mary, born Xo- 
vember 13, 1826, lives in McConnellstown, 
widow of Dr. Martin Orlady; Daniel G., born 
August 24, 1S2S, resides in Porter township; 
David, born October 20, 1830, deceased; 
Henry G. 

Henry G. Xeff attended the public schools 



of Porter township, and studied at Franklin 
and Marshall College, for one term, being- 
prevented from taking a full course. For one 
year he taught school, and for two years was 
clerk for an iron ore company. He then 
bought a farm which he cultivated for many 
years; during this time he was justice of the 
peace for six years, and seiwed as school di- 
rector. In 1892, he came to Alexandria, 
where he is now justice of the peace. Mr. 
Xeff is a Republican ; he was a candidate f or 
the office of county treasurer in 1890, 1892 
and 1896. 

Henry G. Xeff was married in Porter town- 
ship, January 27, 18G0, to Mary F. Spraukle. 
Their children are: Howard L., who went to 
Omaha, Xeb., in 1882, and is in the livery 
business; George, bookkeeper for a firm in 
Steelton, Pa.; Anna Grace (Mrs. ^X. B. :^Iil- 
ler), of Groton, S. D. ; Mary F., died in in- 
fancy; Charlotte S., at home; Henry G., 
traveling salesman at Xew Orleans, La. ; John 
Scott; Samuel Reid; the last two are twins, 
and live at home. Mr. Xcff is a member of the 
Reformed church, in which he has held ofKee 
for manv vears. 

SA^tlUEL XEFF, deceased, formerly of 
Alexandria, Huntingdon county. Pa., was 
born Jiily 18, 1826, in "West (now Logan) 
township. He was a son of John and Marga- 
ret (Mong) Xeff, his father having been the 
eldest son of that John Xeff, of Lancaster 
county, else^^'here mentioned as among the 
early settlers of Huntingdon county. Samuel 
Xeft' was educated in the common schools, and 
from early youth gave his attention to farm- 
ing. La 1852, he purchased the farm upon 
which the remainder of his life was spent; it 
was fonnerly known as the Israel Crider farm. 
His political views were Republican. Samuel 
Xeil was married, February 23, 1858, to 
Elizabeth A., daughter of Richard and Sarah 
(Johnson) Cunningham. They had the fol- 
lowing children : John R., born Xovember 25, 
1858; Milton C, born April 27, 1862; Allie 
:May, born May 11, 1863., died March 9, 1864; 
Minnie 0., born February 8, 1865, was a stu- 
dent at Dickinson Seminary, Williamsport, 
Pa., when her health failed and she was ob- 
liged to gi^'e up her studies and retaina to her 
home, where she has ever since been confined ; 
and ^fiirv Elizabeth, lumi April 21, 1S67, 
died Dccomber 2r,. isOs. Sannicl Xcft' died 

Xiivemt)er 11, 1S75; his remains are interred 
in the Xetf burying ground near Petei-sburg. 
He was a member of the ilethodist Episcopal 
church at Alexandria, a sincere and devout 
Christian gentleman. His loss was mourned 
l)v his familv and manv friends. John Rich- 
ard Xeff died March 6^ 1897. 

Mrs. Elizabeth A. (Cunningham) Xeff was 
liorn December 10, 1839, in Jackson to-^^-n- 
shiiJ, Huntingdon county, where she lived un- 
til, at the age of eighteen, she was married. 
Her life since has been passed upon the farm, 
amid the many duties and interests that make 
up the life of the wife and the mother of a 
family. Her father, Richard Cunningham, 
was born in Jackson township, where his 
father, ^^'ho came to this county from the Tus- 
carora valley, had settled. Richard Cunning- 
ham was a farmer. He died in Ennisville, 
Jackson township, where he had lived, about 
1880. His wife survived him several years. 
Their children are: David S., resides on the 
old homestead in Jackson township, was mar- 
ried to Miss Miller, who is deceased; Mary 
0. (Mrs. John Gregory), of AVest township; 
Jlargaretta (Mrs. Thompson Martin), of Sioux 
City, la.; Sarah J., married first to George 
W. Pattison, who died, and she afterwards 
married Lewis Kingsbury, and resides in 
"Washineton, "Washinaton countv, Ivas. ; and 
Elizabeth A. (Mrs. Xeff). 

of Porter township, was born on his present 
farm, ]!)ecember 28, 1851, son of Peter and 
Jane (Xewell) Stryker. The Sti-yker family 
are descended from two brothei-s who came 
over from Holland more tlian two hundred 
antl fifty years ago and settled in Xew York. 
One was Peter, from whom William S. is de- 
scended, the other was John, who settled in 
Xew Jersey. Peter located in Long Island, 
where his descendants may still be found. 
The Strykers were actively patriotic in Revo- 
lutionary times. One of the family, Gen. 
William S. Stryker, was Adjutant General of 
Xew Jersey during the Civil war. John Stry- 
ker, grandfather of William S., was born, 
reared, and married in Xew Jersey. His wife 
M^as Elizabeth Thompson, of Xew Jersey^ and 
of their children, the following ten grew to 
maturity: Thompson; Peter; Samuel; 
ilary (Mrs. Adam Lefford), of McVeyto^vn, 
^lifflin county; Caroline (^Irs. Lewis Light- 
ncr). of Illinni^; .loseph; William; AmeHa; 



Mary, widow of Judge Perry, of Kolla, Mo.; 
and Mahlon; all the sons but William, of Lo- 
gan township, are deceased. Some time after 
iiiarriage, with two blind horses and all their 
inopii-fy in au old wagon, John Stryker and 
hi- w'lii' moved to Huntingdon county, where 
they lived at Shavers Creek. Before his 
death, he was owner of five farms, one of 
which he gave to each of his sons, except 
Joseph, Avho took his share in education, prac- 
tised law in "Washington, D. C, and was for 
six years consul in Pernambuco, Brazil. For 
some years before his decease, John Stryker 
lived in Logan township. 

Peter Stryker, father of William S., was 
born at Shavers Creek, West township, in 
1S20, and died !Mai'ch 9, 1858. He grew up 
on the farm, attending school in the winter. 
He married Miss Jane Newell, and about 1841 
bought a farm in Porter township, from the 
heirs of his father, John Stryker. He was a 
very active citizen, a member and elder 
in the Presbyterian church and his loss was 
felt by all in the community. He contracted 
a cold while working and died one week 
after. His wife survived him twenty-eight 
years, departing this life March 7, 1886. 
Both are buried in the cemetery at Alexan- 
dria. Their children are: Mary, died when 
three years old; John, deceased; Alice, died 
immarried in Harrisburg, aged forty-two; 
William Shaw; Lizzie, who died when six- 
teen; William; ]\I.argaret; and Lydia (Mrs. 
John Huyett). 

William Shaw Stryker attemled the ram- 
mon schools of Porter township and of Alex- 
andria, and was for one term a student at 
Millersville State Normal School. When he 
was six and a half years old, his father died. 
On January 19, 1882, he was married in Por- 
ter township, to Mary, daughter of Samuel 
Hatfield. Their children are: Mabel E.; 
Annie N.; Ella H.; Eliza Neff; and Mary 
Janet. About 1880, he purchased his present 
property, consisting of 242 acres. On Octo- 
ber 12,^1892, he lost by fire his bam, 1,000 
bushels of wheat, 30 tons of hay, and much 
other property, but rebuilt in the following- 
spring. For fifteen years he has served as 
elder in the Presbyterian church. He is a 
Republican, has been school director, and is 
now serving his third term as supervisor. 

WILLIA:*! XEFF, farmer, of Porter town- 
lip, Huntinii'don countv, was liorn Octolier 

18, 1833, sou of Daniel and Mary (Huyett) 
Xeff. His grandfather, John Xeff, was born 
in Lancaster county. After marriage he re- 
sided in Huntingdon county, near Petersburg, 
where he farmed until his death in 1819. He 
was an earnest and devout member of the 
Mennonite church. Daniel Neff, son of John 
Neff, was born in Logan townshii^, Hunting- 
don county, in 1793. He attended the sub- 
scription schools only three months in his life, 
but in spite of this he secured a good education 
by close a])pHc:iti<.ii to books. About 1819 
he bought ilic li,.i,i(-ti'ad and farmed it until 
he died, in Octdhci', ls(i5. His wife died in 
1842. Daniel jSTetf was a faithful member of 
the Mennonite church, and his wife of the 
Pieformed cliurch; they are buried in the 
Neff cemetery. Their children are: Ann 
Eliza, deceased, married to Abraham Har- 
nish; Henry, residing at Neffs Mills, Hunt- 
ingdon county; Susan; Fanny, deceased; 
John H., now deceased, who resided at 
Shavers Creek; Daniel J., a lawyer in Al- 
toona; -William; and David A., a farmer in 
Porter township. 

William Xeff was educated in the common 
schools and remained on the farm until mar- 
riage. On xVugust 7, 18G2, he enlisted at Al- 
exandria in Company F, One Hundred and 
Twenty-fifth Pennsylvania Yolunteei-s, Cap- 
tain Simpson; proceeded to Washington, and 
was stationed at Arlington Heights. After 
the l)attle of Antietam, the regiment was sta- 
tioned for a time at Maryland Heights, then 
]iroceeded to Fairfax Station. Mr. X^'eff's 
first engagement was at Chaneellorsville; af- 
ter this battle he was discharged in Washing- 
ton, D. C, in May, 1863. Going home he 
resumed work on the farm. In Adams coun- 
ty, December 28, 1865, he was married to 
ilargaret Cordelia, daughter of "William How- 
ard. Their children are: Charles Daniel, 
graduated at Franklin and Marshall College, 
Lancaster, Pa., then took a course of music in 
Boston, and is now teaching music at Albany, 
Mo.; William Mason, graduated in 1894 at 
ilillersville State Normal School, and is now 
]ireparing for the profession of teaching at 
Franklin and Marshall College; Mary H. ; 
Amelia C; John Frederick; Paul Howard; 
and Joseph Huyett, all at home. After mar- 
riage Mr. Xeff built a house on the old home- 
stead and has resided there ever since. His 
farm contains 90 acres, but in addition to his 
own, he cultivates his brother's farm. He is 



a Eepublican ; he has served as school director 
for many years. He is an elder and active 
Avorker in the Reformed church at Alexandria, 
and possesses the confidence and esteem of 
every one in the coranumitv. 

of Porter township, Huntingdon county, is a 
son of John and Anna C. (Haruish) Huyett. 
His great-gi-andfather, Louis Huyet (so the 
name was originally spelled), was born in 
France, where it is supposed he grew to man- 
hood. On account of religious persecution, 
he emigrated to Germany, and thence to 
America. First he settled in Washington 
coimty, ]Md., where he farmed and accumu- 
lated a considerable amount of land ; he died 
in that county. John Huyett, son of Louis, 
succeeded to liis property, and grew to man- 
hood on the home farm in Maryland. In 
1795, at the age of eighteen, he came to Harts 
Log valley, Huntingdon county, to take pos- 
session of the land, then comparatively a 
wilderness, which liis father had purchased 
for him directly from "William and Thomas 
Penn. Clearing portions of his extensive es- 
tate, he built a log cabin where "Stone Hall" 
now stands, and close by a large and beautiful 
spring, which still pours forth in abundance 
its cool, sweet water. About the year 1797, 
Ih: Huyett married Elizabeth Cirove, who 
with her brother, Jacob Grove, had lately 
come from Lancaster county, and to the cabin 
by the spring he took his bride of seventeen 
summers. Their home, though humble, 
soon became a favorite resort for young and 
old. From IMaryland, especially, many 
young cavaliers and maidens came in parties 
on horseback up through what was called the 
"backwoods of Pennsylvania," ostensibly for 
sport and to visit friends in Huntingdon coun- 
ty, but really to look up homes for themselves 
upon which to settle after they should be 
wedded. The Huyett home was the objective 
point for most of these happy travellers, and 
tradition says that the cabin was so large that 
it was never completely filled. 

In 1812 "Stone Hall" was built, and in it 
]\Ir. and JMrs. Huyett lived until they passed 
aAvay, he in 1833 and she in 1845. Within its 
great kitchen, spacious halls, and delightful 
shades, these children grew up: Mary, wife 
of Daniel Xeflt, of Porter township, both de- 
ceased; Daniel, never married, died in Ohio; 

Jacob, married Catharine Piper, both deceas- 
ed; William, who married Miss Grove, went 
to ilissouri, where both died; John, father of 
Winfield Scott; Susan, widow of John Xetf, 
residing at Williamsburg, Pa.; Catharine, 
widow of William Patton, of Washington, D. 
C, two of whose daughters, Mrs. Carrie Ham- 
mel and ]\Irs. Dr. Richard, are employed in 
the Pension Bureau at Washington; Joseph, 
married to Harriet Adams, for many years 
superintendent of the Insane Asylum at Rock 
Island City, 111., also a surgeon in the late 

Col. John Huyett gained possession of 
"Stone Hall" and its lands after his father's 
death, and, with the exception of three years, 
1851 to 1853, spent at Xeffs Mills, passed all 
his days at "Stone Hall." His scholastic 
training Avas only that of the public schools; 
but, thanks to the habit of reading, and a good 
memory, he obtained such an education as fit- 
ted him for any position. Except during his 
residence at Xeffs ]\Iills, Avhen the farm was 
leased, he ahvays gave it personal attention. 
During the years spent in West toAvnship, he 
Avas engaged in constructing a railroad. He 
also had an interest in certain steam saAv-mills, 
on the RaystoAvn branch of the Juniata river, 
and at Fostoria (the first steam saAA'-mills in 
the county), Avhich supplied in large quanti- 
ties timber for constructing canals and rail- 
roads. These enterprises were not always a 
financial success; sometimes the contractors 
were heavy losers. His last venture was in 
the construction of the West Pa. R. R., now 
a diA-ision of the P. R. R. The firm of Huyett 
& Seeds, one of the heaviest contractors, be- 
came insolvent. The contractors lost heaA^ly, 
the Colonel himself losing over $80,000. Ai- 
ter this he returned to the farm ; he was very 
progressive, and about 1847 was the first to 
introduce gTain reapers into his part of the 
State. The Colonel Avas a Whig, and joined 
the Republican party at its organization. He 
lias filled most of the township offices, and 
at one time Avas a candidate for the loAver 
house of the State legislature. On ilarch 
25, 1834, he married Anna C, daughter of 
Samuel and Susanna (Keller) Harnish. Their 
children were: (1) Samuel LeAvis, born No- 
vember 12, 1836, who, 1849 to 1851, attended 
school at Williamsport, and who served as 
book-keeper for Huyett & Seeds, 1853 to 
185(5. In 1861 he (>ntered the army as cap- 

X. H'. 


/.v* U'l^ t--*--' 



■ wed as schi> 

for niH.n . 

s an elder i 

■hurehat A 

ionee and < 



■i I't.nor Ti.wn.slup, Hiintingdon connlj), 

Anna C. (Harnish) Huji 
' tatlier, Louis Huj'et (so i 

<u;iiii)ally spelled), was bom '. 
H here it is supposed he gi-ew to ma 
On account of religious persecutioj, 
ill- <'niig!-ated to Germany, and thence to 
America. Fii-st he settled in Washington 
county, Md., where he farmed and accumu- 
lated a considerahle amount of land; he died 
in that county. John Huyett, son of Louis, 
succeeded to his property, and grew to man- 
hood on the home fanu in Maryland. In 
1795, at the age of eighteen, he came to Harts 
Log valley, Huntingdon county, to take pos- 
session of the land, then comparatively a 
wilderness, which liis father had purchased 
for him directly from William and Thomas 
Penn. Clearing portions of his extensive es- 
tate, he built a log cabin where ''Stone Hall" 
now stands, and close by a large and l^eautifvd 
spring, which still pours forth in abundance 
its cool, sweet water. About the year 1797, 
Air. Huyett married Elizabeth Grove, who 
with her brother, Jacob Grove, had lately 
come from Lancaster county, and to the cabin 
by the spring he took his bride of seventeen 
summers. Their home, though humble, 
soon became a faA'orite resort for young and 
o\i. From ALiryland, especially, many 
yony2- rrivaliers and maidens came in^parties 
'>i '■ -' ■•ack up through what was called the 

"'''T- "Is of Pennsylvania," ostensibly for 

sport and f,. visit friends in Huntingdon coun- 
t\', but really to look up homes for themselves 
upon wliieh to settle after they should be 
^' ' ■^•'o<\. The Hiiyett home was the objective 
i I -i' most of these happy travellers, and 
1 ' •! ?ays that the cabin was so large that 

ir '.. v'cr completely filled. 

! H 2 "Stone Hall" was built, and in it 
Mr. ai..i Xfrs. Huyett lived imtil rhev passed 
away, he iii 1833 and she in 1845. Witliin its 
great kitciieu. spacious halls, and delightful 
shades, these .-hildren grew up: MarvV wife 
of Daniel Xeff, of Porter township, both de- 
rpMCf.,1- Paniel, never married, died in Ohio: 

Li tried Catharine Piper, both deceas- 
• Lini. who married Miss Grove, went 

iri, where both died; John, father of 
Scott; Susan, widow of John NefF, 
ir Williamsburg, Pa.; Catharine, 

' William Fatten, of Washington, D. 

t w liose daughters, Mrs. Carrie Ham- 
Mrs. Dr. Kichard, are employed in 

: (U Bureau at Washington; Joseph, 
u Harriet Adams, for many years 
I dent of the Insane Asylum at Rock 
V, III, also a surgeon in the late 

Huyett gained possession of 

1 ill its lands after his father's 

; tlip exception of three years, 

M nr at Neffs Mills, passed all 

■1 me Hall." His scholastic 

tliat of the public schools; 

'I habit of reading, and a good 

: 'i''(l such an education as fit- 

.!)ii. Except during his 

''.:U. when the farm was 

I- it personal attention. 

! in West toAvnship, he 

ictiug a railroad. He 

in'tain steam saw-mills, 

of the Juniata river, 

t <team saw-mills in 

alsu i.,. . 
on the i. 
and at i 

the coaii 1' -e quanti- 

ties timb and rail- 

roads. ! • :ilways a 

financial . ■ contractors 

were he;^^ ■ ' nturo was in 

the eonstru. , I'.i. U. R., now 

a division of t.ti. 'i rm of Huyett 

& Seeds, one < oiitractors, be- 

came insolvent rs lost heavily, 

the ( '..ionel hii. • $80,000. Al- 

ter this he returi. i; he was'very 

progressive, and vras the fii-st to 

introduce grain 'iis part of the 

State. The Col ,, aig, and joined 

the Rcjiuhlican pariy w irs organization. He 
has fillrd most of thi> towns^p offices, and 
at one time was a ■ ^.ndidate for -the lower 
house i.t the Stat' 'cirislature. On March 
25, T^^"' bo ituim' ! Anna C, daughter of 
S;ii - . Uer") Harnish. Their 

Cii. luel Lewis, born Xo- 

v<::_ , ■ >49 to 1851, attended 

s('hi>..i nr Wiiliaiii^iiort, and who served n 
bouk keeper for Huyett & Seeds, 1853 * 
■" " ■ ''n 1861 he entered the army as cap- 

.;i/a.^H,^£^ ^^ 

nx.. Ho. 




tain of Company D, Que Hundred and Tenth 
Keginient, Pennsylvania Volunteers, but re- 
signed in December, 1862. During tlie last 
four years of the war he served consecutively 
as captain of Companies Y and A, of the Nine- 
teenth Pennsylvania Cavalry. During these 
four years, "Toby," a fine black horse from his 
father's stables was his inseparable companion. 
This noble animal carried him throiigh many 
a hot skirmish, and after traveling over much 
of Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi, Ala- 
bama, Louisiana and Texas, now lies in one of 
the lower bayous of the Mississippi river. 
After the war, the Captain, with four com- 
panies of the regiment, was retained in gov- 
ernment service in Texas. Retiu-ning home 
in the latter part of 1866, he married Miss 
Vanetta L. Russell and has one child, Paul 
Burton. For twenty-one years he was in the 
service of the P. E. R. Company, running 
their store at Altoona. He is now in the em- 
ploy of the Phoenix Oil Company, of Cleve- 
land, traveling most of the time through the 
south; (-2) Caroline, born March IT.'lS-SS, 
first married to Reuben Oaks, whose children 
were Mary A. and AVilliam, deceased, an<I 
now the wife of William A. Whittaker, of 
Porter township, whose children are: Fred- 
erick O.; "Wilbur Huyett; Mabel Clare, de- 
ceased; and Ralph R.; (3) William H., born 
February 14, 1839, and died seven days later; 
(i) Elizabeth H., born December 30, 1840, 
Avho is the wife of Rev. A. C. George, a min- 
ister of the Reformed church, now of Childs- 
ville, Bedford county, and the mother of one 
child, Anna Bessie; (.5) Susan, born October 
22, 1844, wife of Dr. J. A. Rohrer, of Al- 
toona, Pa., whose children ai'e: Frank A., de- 
ceased ; Fannie H. ; Carrie ilaude ; Harry, de- 
ceased; May; Ralph; and Anna B. ; (6) 
Mary, born ^STovember 28, 1845, died Decem- 
ber 11 of the same year; (7) Frances IST., 
born August 5, 1847, married to Benjamin 
Beck, of Chewsville, Washington county, Md., 
whose children are: Can-ie H. ; Maude, de- 
ceased ; Alice M. ; and Annie E. ; (8) Win- 
field Scott; (9) Alice il., wife of Jacob C. 
Xeff, of Porter township, and mother of 
Blanche H. ; Mabel H. ; Fanny R. ; Guy M. ; 
and Maude B. ; flO) John S., born February 
2, 1857, married to Lydia M. Stryker, and 
living on a farm in I'orter township; (ll) 
Wilham R., born April 3, 1864, and died at 
Alexandria, Pa. 

Winfield Scott Huyett was educated in the 
common schools of Porter township, and was 
a student at Mercersburg College in 1868 and 
1869. After completing his studies he be- 
gan farming at home, and at his father's death, 
which occurred March 12, 1882, obtained 
possession of "Stone Hall." He married, De- 
cember 24, 1872, Miss Laura E. Neff. Their 
children are: Charles A., born October 11, 
1874, taught three terms, then prepared at 
Mercersburg Academy, and entered Franklin 
and Marshall College in September, 1896, to 
study for the ministry; Harry A., who died 
when foiu' years old; Mary, born July 31, 
1878, now at home; Anna, born April 11, 
1884; Xorman, born October 4, 1886; and 
Ella, born Xuvciiibcr 16, 1S02. Mr. and 
Mrs. Huyett bii:\iii linnM'kcciiiiio- on the old 
homestead, where they lived two years; then 
they resided eight or nine years on a farm 
owned by his father above the homestead ; at 
the end of that time he purchased the home- 
stead from his mother and has cultivated it 
ever since. The farm now consists of about 
145 acres. Mr. Huyett is an ardent Republi- 
can and takes an active part in politics. He 
has seiwed on the school board for more than 
twelve years, also as assessor, judge of elec- 
tions, supervisor — in fact, he has filled every 
ofiice in the gift of the people of that town- 
township. He is a member of the Reformed 
churcli at Alexandria, of which he has been a 
trustee for several years. He is one of the 
most influential and useful citizens of the 

CHARLES A. :\IcCAULEY, il. D.. Pe- 
tersburg, Huntingdon county. Pa., was born 
near IMechanicsburg, Cumberland coimty, Pa., 
March 9, 1855, and is a son of Rev. Daniel 
and Hannah (Van Brandt) McCauley. The 
McCauley family is of Scottish origin. The 
great-grandparents of Dr. McCauley came to 
America when his grandfather, Daniel Mc- 
Cauley, was a boy; they settled in Virginia. 
There Daniel McCauley became an exten- 
sive land owner. He married, and had five 
children. His son, Daniel McCauley, Jr., 
grew up on his father's estate, received a lib- 
eral education, studied theology, and became 
one of the first clergymen of the Alethodist 
Episcopal church in that section of the coun- 
try. Rev. .Mr. ]McCauley was highly endowed 
as to botli talent and culture; his learning. 



bis oratorical powers, aud above all, bis 
sterling wortli and devotion to principle, 
made bini a noted man, not only in bis 
own denomination, but beyond its limits. 
He favored tbe Kepublicau party, and was 
strongly anti-slavery in sentiment. lie was 
married in Virginia to Hannab Van Brandt, 
wbo on tbe paternal side was descended 
from an old and well-known iSI'ew Yoi'k 
family, and on tbe maternal side was a 
relative of tbe poet Scbiller. Tbeir cbildren 
are: Catberine (Mrs. T. J. Wrigbt), of Colum- 
bia, Pa.; Dr. Cbarles A.; Henry C, a pro- 
fessor in Harrisburg; Daniel E., bookkeeper 
at Steelton Iron Works; Franklin E., book- 
keeper, of Reading; and two tbat died in in- 
fancy. After officiating for a number of 
years in different pulpits in Cumberland 
county, Pa., and in Xew Jersey, Eev. Daniel 
McCauley was compelled by an affection of 
tbe tbroat to give up preacbing, and all active 
professional work, and devoted tbe remainder 
of bis life to literary labor in Lancaster county, 
Pa., wbere be died in 1S85. 

Ha^'ing been educated in private, public 
and bigb sebools of Columbia, Pa., Cbarles A. 
McCauley bad so well improved bis opportuni- 
ties tbat be was accepted as a teacber wbile 
still in bis early teens. At tbe age of fourteen 
be bad already selected bis profession, and be- 
gan reading medicine wbile teacbing school. 
Tbis course continued until be entered tbe 
medical department of tbe University of 
Pennsylvania. During tbe long University 
vacations, be assisted in bospitals, tbns dbtain- 
ing a tborougb practical kno\vbili:i- "t' hi- pro- 
fessional duties. He graduatc(l with honors 
in tbe spring of 1887. Dr. McCauley tben 
came to Petersburg, Huntingdon county, and 
began practise, succeeding Dr. S. Davis. Tbe 
practise of Dr. McCauley is second to none in 
tbe county, extending as it does tbrougbout 
tlic vallcv, and including manv ]iaticnfs in tbe 
bunnmh' of lluutingdnu. 'Ihr l»urtnr has 
liuilt fur himself tbe finest brick (Iwclliug in 
Petersburg. He is well known and much re- 
spected in the community, taking an active 
part in public affairs, especially in educational 
matters. He is a Republican. He holds 
membership in the Huntingdon County 
ifcilical Rucirty, and in the ISTational and 
Stiitc iii(dii-al >'Miitir's, and is also a member 
of the William Pepper Medical Society of the 
University of Pennsylvania. 

Dr. Cbarles A. McCaulev was married in 

Columbia, Pa., February 22, 1877, to Sarah, 
daughter of Levi Heidler; she was born in 
Lancaster county. Pa., and is of German de- 
scent. Their children are: Greta W., a pupil 
in tbe high school at Petersburg; Guy Z. 
and Ethel, twins; and Clare M. Dr. Mc- 
Cauley is connected with the Reformed 

JOIIX T. DOPP, Petersburg, Himting- 
don coTtnty, Pa., was born in Petersburg, Feb- 
ruary 2, 1835. He is a son of Jacob and 
Sarah E. (Dowlar) Dopp. The birthplace of 
his grandfather, John Dopp, was near the city 
of Strasburg, in Alsace, then part of Germany. 
In his boyhood, John Dojjp emigrated to 
America, and as be had no money to pay his 
jiassage, his services were sold for one year, to 
discharge the debt. He had crossed tbe 
ocean in a sailing vessel, and landed at Balti- 
more, from which place be was brought to 
Huntingdon. After his year's service to tbe 
master who bad bought him in Huntingdon 
was over, he undertook driving a team be- 
tween Pittsburg and Philadelphia, Baltimore 
and Washington, at which be spent several 
years. He tben returned to Huntingdon 
county, and turned bis attention to farming, 
in Avbicb occupation be spent tbe remainder of 
bis life. Mr. Dopp was a thrifty and hard 
working man. lie belonged to the Demo- 
cratic party. He married Miss Swisher, born 
at Iledgeville, Va. She was very fond of 
reading; was a Presbyterian, while Mr. Dopp 
was of the Catholic church. Their children 
were: John; Jacob; Henry; George; Sallie; 
Rachel; Mary; Xancy; and Joseph. John 
Dopp died in Himtingdon, Pa; Mrs. Dopp 
died near Davenport, la., at the age of ninety- 
four. Two years before her death, her sight 
was renewed. Jacob, second son of Mr. and 
]\lrs. John Dopp, was fairly well educated in 
subscription schools. He learned tbe black- 
smith's trade in Indiana county, and set up a 
smithy at Petersburg, which became his life- 
long home. He was a good and useful citi- 
zen, taking an active part in borough affairs; 
he was for some time burgess of Petersburg, 
and fulfilled his duties so as to give general 
satisfaction. He was married in 1834; bis 
wife was born near Huntingdon. Tbeir chil- 
dren are: John T.; Bella, wife of Capt. 
Jose])b Johnson, of Petereburg, both de- 
ceased; Ilenrv, deceased; Caroline, deceased; 



and Mary (Mrs. C. Jurgen), deceased. Jacob 
Diipp was one of the constituent members of 
the Methodist Episcopal church, was a faith- 
ful and exemplary member, and active in the 
scr\-ice of the church, of which he was a trus- 
tee. He was also a Sunday-school teacher, 
lie was lirst a Dcnmcrat, Init later in life a 
liepublican. Ik- died at Petersburg, October 

After laying an excellent foundation for 
his education in the common schools of Peters- 
l)urg, John T. Dopp attended the ai-ademy at 
Shirleysburg for one term; he also enjiiyed 
the instructions of Rev. Mr. Curren, in Peters- 
burg. ]\[r. Dopp taught school in Hunting- 
don county for five terms. In 18(31, he be- 
came clerk for Hunter efe Swoope, owners at 
that time of the Juniata Forge and the Pe- 
tersburg Flouring Mill. In 1863, he enlisted 
at Petersburg in Company B, of an "Emer- 
gency" regiment, and served imtil the regi- 
ment was disbanded. In October, 1864, he 
was employed at Petersburg station, P. R. R., 
as clerk under Mr. Hunter, then station agent 
for the company. On April 1, 1875, Mr. 
Dopp succeeded Mr. Hunter as agent, and in 
the same year, he received the agency for the 
Adams Express Company; he has ever since 
continued to fulfill the duties of both posi- 
tions with promptness and efficiency. Mr. 
Dopp is a Republican, and is devoted to the 
spread of reforms. He takes a lively interest 
in educational matters; has been for some 
tin;e a member of the school board, and is 
heartily in favor of compulsory education. 
He was a borough councilman for several 
years, and has been for a number of years chief 
burgess. During his term of office, the bor- 
ough lias impro^■ed, not merely as to size, pop- 
ulation and appearance, but in the more im- 
portant particulars of sobriety and order, Mr. 
Dopp and other patriotic citizens having suc- 
ceeded in banishing liquor saloons; this was 
done some sixteen years ago. In this move- 
ment, Mv. Dopp has the credit of being one of 
the factors. He is a member of the school 

John T. Dopp was married in Huntingdon 
in 1863, to Sarah E. ]\rayer; she had been as- 
sistant in ilr. Hall's select school, and after- 
wards taught in the common schools of the 
Ijorough of Huntingdon. Their only child is 
Grace G., wife of (leorge W. Xetf, residing 
at Steelton. j\[rs. Dopp died in 18(i7. In 

1871, at ThomiJsontown, Juniata county. Pa., 
Mr. Dopp married Josephine C. Sieber, 
widow of Joseph Funk. Mr. and ilrs. Dopp 
have two children: Edith; and Bradford B., 
who was drowned in Shafi'ers creek June 6, 
1878. Mr. Dopp is a member and an office 
bearer in the Methodist Episcopal church, be- 
ing a trustee and a member of the building 
conmiittee. He has long been connected with 
the Sunday-school, and was for many years its 

burg, Huntingdon county. Pa., was born at 
Waterloo, Juniata county. Pa., October 5, 
18,59. He is a son of "William and Sarah 
(Short) Campbell. His paternal grandfather 
was Samuel Campbell, who was of a Scotch 
family, but born in Ireland. With his par- 
ents and his two brothers, Charles and James, 
he left Ireland in 1820 for Xew Brunswick, 
Canada. There the family resided for about 
eleven years at St. John, Samuel Campbell 
wlio was a house painter, working at his trade. 
He continued in the same business in Phila- 
delphia and in Juniata, to which place the 
family successively removed. In Juniata 
county, Mr. Campbell was also for some time 
engaged in hotel keeping. He was a Demo- 
crat. He had a notable talent for music, 
learning readily to play any kind of instru- 
ment. Samuel Campbell was married in 
Xew Brunswick to Xancy Junk; their chil- 
dren were: John; James; Washington; Wil- 
liam; ]\Iargaret and Mary. Mr. Campbell was a 
member of the Presbyterian church. He died 
at Waterloo, Pa., in 1841. His son William 
Campbell received but a limited amount of 
school training, but with true Scorch pi-rse- 
verance and intellectual ambition, lie Ixrame 
a self-educated man. He had Scufch rliritt, 
too; lief ore he was twenty years of age, he 
had already laid up $1,000, from work in the 
windmill business and in an agency for patent 
rights, by which he made considerable money. 
He studied dentistry, and practised that pro- 
fession for twenty-eight years; he is now a 
silversmith, residing at Shade Gap, Pa. He 
is a Democrat. William Campbell married 
ifiss Waters, of Waterloo, Pa.; they had 
three children: Anna; Bruce; and an infant, 
not named ; all are deceased, llie mother of 
these children dvinc: at Waterlo,,. :\rr. Camp- 
bell married Sarah' Short, a native of that 



town, aud a daughter of "William Short, a 
farmer. Their children are: Charles; Dora, 
wife of Eev. "William Stephens, M. E. clergy- 
man at JSTew Bloomfield, Perry county, Pa.; 
Bella, trained nurse, at E. K. hospital, Sayre, 
Bradford county. Pa.; Albert and Julia, 
twins; the former is a carpenter; Edna, de- 
ceased; and Mabel. Mr. Campbell has filled 
different township offices; he is a school di- 
rector, and chief burgess of Shade Gap. He 
is a member of the Presbyterian church. 

Charles Campbell attended the common 
school at Shade Gap, and completed his liter- 
ary training at the academy of the same place. 
For four terms, one in Juniata and three in 
Huntingdon county, he taught school. He 
began reading medicine under the preceptor- 
ship of Dr. Jones, of Shade Gap, Pa., studied 
at the College of Physicians and Surgeons, 
Baltimore, Md., and graduated at the end of a 
tlu'ee years' course, in 1SS2. He then prac- 
ticed one year at Saltillo, Huntingdon county, 
and two years at Eobertsdale, where he had 
a good practice for the Coal Co. He then 
practiced two years at Dalton, Ga., but the 
climate not being favorable for him, he came 
north, and in 18S9, took up his residence at 
Petersburg, succeeding Dr. H. C. McCarthy. 
He compounds and dispenses his own medi- 
cine. Dr. Campbell is a member of the State 
Medical Society, of Pennsylvania, and of the 
American Medical Association. He is a Dem- 
ocrat. He has a delightful home, a dwelling 
which he has remodeled, which is fully heated 
by steam and is well supplied with other con- 

Dr. Charles Campbell was married Septem- 
ber 27, 1883, at McCoysville, Juniata county. 
Pa., to Mary E., daughter of Eev. John Mc- 
Gill, minister of the United Presbyterian 
church at ilcCoysville, Mrs. Campbell's na- 
tive place. Their children are: Edna, at 
school; Guy; aud Eaymond. Dr. Campbell 
is an active member of the Presbyterian 
church; takes a deep interest in church w\\\- 
sie, and in quite a variety of piano and other 
instiiimental music. 

HEXEY EUDY, Petersburg, Huntingdon 
county. Pa., was born in Barree township. 
Huntingdon county, July 10, 1825, son of 
George and Isabella (Ewing) Eudy. His pa- 
ternal gTeat-grandfather was German liy 
birth; the grandfather, George Eudy the 

elder, was born in York county. Pa. He 
was a farmer, first in his native county, after- 
ward in Barree township, Huntingdon county, 
where he purchased 200 acres of land, 
all in timber. With the help of 
his family, he cleared it all, and built 
ujjon his farm a stone dwelling and a 
barn. He tilled the land and raised stock. 
George Eudy, Sr., took part in the Eevolu- 
tiou, being for seven years in the Continental 
army. He married in York county. His 
children were: Jacob; John; Jonas; Henry; 
George; Samuel; Elizabeth; Catherine; Bar- 
bara; Mary; and Margaret. George Eudy, 
Sr., belonged to the old "Wliig party. He was 
a member of the Lutheran church. He died 
in Barree township in 1833. His fifth son, I 

George Eudy, Jr., after receiving a rather i 

limited education in subscription schools, I 

learned the trade of a blacksmith with his I 

brother, Jacob Eudy. He carried on this busi- i 

ness all his life, besides farming fifty acres in | 

Barree township, raising stock, etc. Like his I 

father, he adhered to the Whig party, and [ 

held his membership in the Lutheran church. | 

His wife, Isabella Ewing, was a daughter of 
John Ewing, a soldier under General Wash- 
ington in the Eevolutiou. Their children are : 
Mary A., deceased, wife of Dewalt Slipy; 
Elizabeth, died young; Henry; John, served 
in the war of the Eebellion, .and died several 
years after the close of the war in Ohio ; Bar- 
bara, wife of Samuel K. W^harton, blacksmith, 
of Petersburg, Pa. ; Martha (Mrs. Alexander 
Slipy), deceased; George, deceased; Eliza- 
beth; Isabella (Mrs. David Bracker), of In- 
diana; and Sarah (Mrs. James Xeil), of 
Huntingdon, Pa. George Eudy died in Bar- 
ree township in 1842. His wife died in 1845. 
Mr. Eudy was a noted hunter; many a -deer 
and bear fell by his unerring aim; many a 
wild turkey of his shooting — to say nothing of 
smaller game — helped to furnish the family 
larder. Henry Eudy's maternal grandmother 
was the !Miss Elizabeth ^McCormick, whom the 
Indians captured in 1782, during the last days 
of the Eevohition, after hostilities had ceased. 
Her father's residence, near which she was 
taken, was in the Aacinity of the present site 
of Xeffs !Mills. It was three years before ^Ir. 
ilcCormick succeeded in finding his daughter, 
and bringing lier home. 

Henry Eudy attended subscription and 
]iublic schools in Barree township. He was 
brought uj) on a farm, and learned the black- 



smith trade from his father. He carried on 
that business first in Barree toAvnshiiD, until he 
was twenty-four years old; then successively 
in Blair county for one year, in Centre county 
for seven years; near Xetfs Mills, in Hunt- 
ingdon county, for one year; at Monroe Fur- 
nace for one year; at Masseysburg, Barree 
township, for seven years, and at Shavers 
Creek bridge, West township, for three years. 
Mr. Rudy came to his present place of resi- 
dence in Logan township, in 1S6S; built a 
shop and dwelling at a cost of over $2,500, 
Avith a barn and other imi:)rovements, costing 
$600 additional. He does wood work besides 
the labor of the forge, and is successful in 
both branches of his business. Mr. Kudy has 
well merited his present prosperity, having 
begun as a poor boy, obliged after the death 
of his father to contribute to the maintenance 
of the family, besides supporting himself. 
He has faithfully performed his duty, and 
won success by his energy and his sensible and 
honorable management. He has been justice 
of the peace for twenty years, elected on the 
Republican ticket, and was tax collector for 
twelve years. 

Henry Rudy was married in Barree town- 
ship in 1843, to Margaret J., daughter of 
Matthew Gilliland, a stone mason of that 
township, of Scotch-Irish descent. Mrs. Rudy 
was born in Barree township in 1827. Their 
children are: Rebecca; Isabella (Mrs. Sam- 
uel Steel), of Huntingdon, Pa.; William, 
deceased; George, deceased; Samuel, county 
superintendent of common schools ; Matthew, 
lumber merchant; Margaret, died young; 
Ida C. ; Elizabeth, died young; Annie M. 
(Mrs. James Weir), of Tyrone, Pa.; an in- 
fant, not named. ^Mr. Rudy is a member of 
the Presbyterian church. 

Huntingdon county. Pa., was born in Saxony, 
Germany, in January, 18-11. His parents 
were Hieronymus and Catherine (Harvey) 
Deal, natives of Saxony, where the father was 
a farmer. In 1843, he embarked with his 
family on a sailing vessel, bound for Balti- 
more, Md., where they arrived after a voyage 
of seven weeks. From Baltimore, Hierony- 
mus Deal came to Huntingdon, arriving on a 
tug boat; he took up his residence at Peters- 
burg, where, having nothing to depend upon, 
no resources for the maintenance of his family 

but his own labor, he rented an old house, and 
made his living for one winter by chopping 
wood and laboring on the forges of the iron 
works. Having by careful economy saved 
some money, Mr. Deal rented the Xon'is farm 
in Walker township, cultivated it for two 
years, then cultivated the Hance farm at 
[McConnellstown for nine years, then the 
Creswell farm, near Petersburg, for three 
years. He now purchased fifty-five acres 
near ilcConnellstown, and settling down on 
his hard cariiod land, passed the remaimler of 
his life ill ciiliiv aiiug it and keeping a hotel 
in Mc( '.'inii'lUiown. His children are: 
Christopher; Stephen, residing with his elder 
brother; Catharine, wife of John Bardo, both 
deceased ; and Maria. Mr. Deal was a Demo- 
crat, but of liberal views as to iDolitics. He 
belonged to the Lutheran church, a man of 
sturdy industry and perseverance, honest and 
upright in his dealings. He died in May, 
1887; his wife survived him for three years, 
dying at the house of her son Christopher in 
April, 1890. 

After a few terms in the common school, 
Christopher Deal began at nine years of age to 
work as a farm laborer, both for his father 
and for neighboring farmers. He also seiwed 
as team driver ; by these occupations he main- 
tained himself until 1868, when he removed 
to a farm which he had rented in Porter town- 
ship, near Barree. There he spent twenty- 
one years, farming and raising stock. He 
purchased his present place, 115 acres, in Lo- 
gan township, in ISSl, which property he has 
improved, and cultivated it for the past six- 
teen years. The course of well-directed and 
successful effort just descrilied suffered a short 
interruption in 1862, when Mr. Deal enlisted 
in Huntingdon in Company A, One Hundred 
and Forty-third Pennsylvania A'olunteers, 
Captain Campbell; he was in the battle of 
Cul]ieper Coui-t House, Va., but was princi- 
jially on guard duty, durini; his three months' 
term of service. Having at the end of that 
time received an honoralde discharge, Mr. 
Deal returned to his home and continued in 
his vocation. He owns besides his homestead 
a farm now cultivated by his son-in-law, 
which lie bouglit from John Frazer for $5,- 
600. ]\[r. Deal has been a diligent worker, 
and has met with much success. His opera- 
tions in live stock have been generally pros- 
]ierous; he has eleven acres of pasture land, 


on wliirli may be seen superior breeds uf 
cattle, and lie buys and "Sells with care and 
good judgmeut. In politics, Mr. Deal's senti- 
ments are liberal. 

Cliristopher Deal was first married in Ty- 
rone, Pa., in October, 1867, to Barbara, 
daughter of ]\Iartin Geisler, a native of Ger- 
many, in railroad employ. Mrs. Deal was 
born in Porter townshi^^. The children of 
this nian'iage are: Elizabeth (Mrs. George 
Pheasant); Annie, died young; Clara (Mrs. 
Henry Gross), of Porter township; and 
Emma (Mrs. Christian Knsler), of Logan 
township. Mrs. Barbara Deal died in 1877. 
Mr. Deal was again married, to Sophia 'N., 
daughter of Harman and Elizabeth (McDon- 
ald)" Gross; she was born March 6, 1838, at 
Shavers Creek, Huntingdon county. Her 
father was a native of Germany, a farmer and 
miller; ]Mrs. Gross was of Scotch-Irish de- 
scent. The children of the second marriage 
are: George B., on the homestead; xVlice; 
Abbie; Ellie; Florence; Kate; Maggie; 
Christopher H., who died young; and Olive 
^NT. Mr. Deal and wife are members of the 
Lutheran church. 

GEORGE P. AVAlvEFIELD, Petersburg, 
Huntingdon county. Pa., A\'as born in Crom- 
well township, Huntingdon county, October 
16, 1826, son of Eli and Elizabeth (Way) 
Wakefield. George ■\Yako1lr'ld. father of Eli, 
and grandfather of Geori:c \\ \\':ikcfield, was 
a Pennsylvanian by birth, dcscrnded from an 
English family, and was a farmer in ilifflin 
county, Pa. He was of the old Whig party. 
He was married near Philadelphia to Miss 
Passmore, one of a family mdely spread and 
much respected in that part of the State. 
Their children are: John; xiugustus; Re- 
becca; Eli; and George. Mr. and Mrs. 
George Wakefield both died in Mifflin county. 
Eli Wakefield received a common school edu- 
cation, and became a farmer and raiser of 
stock. In 1822 he removed to Cromwell 
to'wnship, Huntingdon countv, where he tilled 
his farm of 300 acres, and operated exten- 
sively in stock. Selling out in 1840, Eli 
Wakefield removed again, to Brady townshi]i, 
to a farm of 20 acres, -which he improved, 
and on which he resided and carried on the 
business of his vocation for the remainder 
of his life. Originally a Whig, he became 
later in life a Republican. His wife. Eliza- 

lieth Way, was of Welsh descent, a native of 
Centre county, Pa. Their children are: Mar- 
tha (Mrs. John Rupert); Jane, widow of Sam- 
uel Metz, of Brady township; George P.; Ca- 
leb, of PhiladeliDhia, Pa.; Ann (Mrs. James 
Iluey) ; Mary (Mrs. Abraham Myers) ; Robert 
M., of Shirley township; John Bennett, de- 
ceased; Rcbc<-ca. dcicased.wife of John Good- 
man, of lii'aily iowii-liip. Eli Waketielfl was 
an excellent man. and was greatly respected. 
He belonged to the Society of Eriends. He 
and his good wife both died on the homestead 
in Brady township. 

After finishing his education in the com- 
mon schools of Brady township, George P. 
Wakefield, who was the eldest son of this fam- 
ily, resided with and assisted his father on the 
homestead until he was twenty-six. Then, 
being newly married, he made a home for him- 
self and his wife by renting a farm in Brady 
townshiji, which he culti^'ated for two years. 
He then rented another farm in Mifflin coun- 
ty, which he occupied and cultivated for two 
years; then another, of 140 acres, in Logan 
township, Iliuitingdon coiiuty, upon which he 
remained for thirteen years. Mr. Wakefield 
then bought his present farm of 75 acres. This 
he improved by remodeling the dwelling, 
b\ulding barns and adding other convenien- 
ces. Here he has since been engaged in agri- 
culture and stock breeding. He owns besides 
194 acres of lancl near his home farm, and 
some 38 acres in timber. He has enjoyed a 
good measure of success in his undertakings. 
That he possesses the confidence and respect 
of his neighbors is evidenced by the number 
of offices to which he has been elected. Mr. 
Wakefield is a Democrat, and takes a lively 
interest in public affairs. He has been a 
school director for six years; assessor for four 
years; being the first assessor elected in his 
townshiji for a term of three years; supervisor 
for one year; tax collector and auditor. 

George P. Wakefield was married Decem- 
ber 18, 1851, in Brady township, to Frances, 
daughter of John ^letz, M'. D., of that town- 
ship, an old and well-kno^vn physician, in ex- 
tensive practise. The children of !Mr. and 
!Mrs. Wakefield are: May F. (Mrs. Joseph F. 
Creswell), her husband a merchant of Petei-s- 
burg; George iC, farmer; Keyser M., farmer; 
Hiester C, farmer; Samuel H., on the farm; 
John, deceased; Harry ^1., deceased, and one 
that died in infancv. ]\Ir. Wakefield is a mem- 



ber of the Lutheran church, active and use- 
ful. He has been deacon, and is now in the 
eldershij). He also has been a teacher iu the 

WILLIAil L. ARilSFRONG, Peters- 
burg, H\nitingdon county, Pa., was born in 
Logan, tlien a joart of West township, June 
11, 1850, son of Thomas and Jane (Robi- 
son) Armstrong. William Anustrong, grand- 
father of William L., was of Scotch-Irish de- 
scent, bul was also a native of West township. 
He was a farmer and stockraiser, owning and 
cultivating 113 acres of land. He married in 
the same township, and had several children. 
William Armstrong was a Democrat, and a 
member of the Presbyterian church. He died 
near the homestead. His son, Thomas Arm- 
strong, was educated in the common schools, 
and grew up as his father's assistant on the 
home farm. He continued working the same 
farm imtil 1870, when he sold out and went 
to Wisconsin, where he bought a farm and 
spent the remainder of his life. Thomas Arm- 
strong was a man of good judgment, and was 
respected for his many excellent qualities. He 
was a Democrat. He married Jane, daxighter 
of John Robison, who was of Scotch-Irish 
descent, a laboring man. The children of this 
marriage are: William L.; Haseltine (Mrs. 
Samuel Roseberry), of Sinking valley; 
Thomas E., residing in Wisconsin; David; 
Benjamin; Asher P.; Rachel P.; and Solima, 
who died in infancy. 

William L. Armstrong attended the com- 
mon schools at Shavers Creek during the win- 
ter sessions, and worked on the farm with his 
father in summer. He was ambitious, and by 
his own efforts, gave himself an education 
much beyond his opportunities. He made 
himself acceptable as a teacher, and taught 
school for several terms. At the end of that 
time Mr. Armstrong bought a farm of 140 
acres, which he cultivated for five years. Then 
he sold that farm and bought 265 acres, 
known as the Davis farm, upon' which he made 
improvements, adding various conveniences. 
Here he has since devoted his attention to 
farming and raising stock. Mr. Armstrong's 
present' prosperity is well merited, being the 
otitcome of his own thrift, perseverance and 
good business qualities. He l)cgan life with- 
out a duUar. :ind has diliiivntlv work-,! Ids 
wav to a .•.uiifortablc an.l rcspcrtcd iM.sitiun. 

He is a Democrat; takes an interest in pul)lic 
affairs generally, and has served his township 
as assessor and supervisor of roads. 

William L. Armstrong was first married in 
1878, in West township, to Margaret R., 
daughter of George Wilson, farmer, of West 
township. Their children were: Jennie B., 
and one that died in infancy; Mrs. Margaret 
Armstrong dying on the homestead in 1SS8, 
Mr. Armstrong married Agnes E., daughter 
of Patrick Gettis, farmer, of Barree township, 
a lady of Scotch-Irish ancestry. [Mr. Arm- 
strong is a faithful and active member of the 
Presbyterian church, teaching in the Sunday- 
school, and serving his congregation as elder, 
lie has lieen for several year's in the eldership, 
and (luring that time has enjoyed opportuni- 
ties for serving the interests of the church at 
large, as a delegate to jaresbyteries and synod. 

SAMUEL PORTER, Petersburg, Hunt- 
ingdon county, Pa., was bom in Logan to'wn- 
ship, at that time included in West township, 
March 24, 1830. He is a son of James and 
Susan (Borst) Porter. William Porter, his 
grandfather, was born in Pennsylvania, of 
Irish and Scotch parentage. In 1765 he 
bought the farm originally owned by William 
Maclay, whose deed for the land was signed 
by William Penn. It was a tract of 220 acres, 
which Mr. Porter cleared, and on which he 
built a log house and barn, and resided there 
until his def\th. He belonged to the Demo- 
cratic party. William Porter married in Lo- 
gan township, and had seven children: Jo- 
seph; John; William; James; Rebecca; ISTan- 
cy, and one whose name has not been preserv- 
ed. His eldest son, Joseph, and probably also 
the second, John, took part in the war of 1812. 
Both grandparents died on the homestead. 
They were Presbyterians. James Porter, their 
son, and his father's helper on the farm, 
was a pupil in the old log schoohhouse nearby, 
where he learned thoroughly and well the 
foundation branches of education, reading and 
writing. After acquiring a good knowledge 
of farming processes on the homestead, he un- 
dertook the cultivation of 50 acres on his own 
account. He had besides 30 acres of timber 
land, on which he builc a house and a barn. 
In 1843 he sold out these properties and 
bought the homestead of 220 acres, the place 
fin wliich he was born, and on which his son 
Samuel now resides. Ilcre he erected farm 



bmldings anil made other improvements, and 
devoted the remained of his life to farming 
and raising stock in that place. James Por- 
ter adhered to the Democratic party. He was 
actively interested in township business. He 
strongly advocated the introduction of the 
free school system, and did everything in his 
power to promote the cause of education. Mr. 
Porter was a man of large figure, strong and 
an efficient worker. He had many friends in 
the township. He was married in "West town- 
ship to Susan, daughter of Bernhart Borst, a 
German by birth, who settled in West town- 
ship, in the latter part of the eighteenth cen- 
tury. The children of this mari'iage are: 
Mary, deceased, vnie of A'7illiam Stewart, of 
Logan township; William Y., deceased, re- 
sided in Illinois; Jacob, carpenter and farmer, 
deceased; Sarah, deceased, wife of Jesse 
Henry, carpenter; Susanna, second wife, and 
now widow of Jesse Henrj- ; James, deceased; 
George, deceased; Jane, deceased, wife of 
Daniel Longenecker, and Samuel. Mrs. Por- 
ter died on the homestead in May, 1859, and 
her husband in February, 1862. Mr. Porter 
was an elder in the Presbyterian church, al- 
ways interested in church matters, and ready 
for any service in his power. 

Samuel Porter attended the Johnson school, 
the first public school established in Logan 
township. He attended_during the winter 
sessions, and learned farming by diligent prac- 
tise during the summer. For any deficiency 
in his opportunities for education, he has very 
largely made up by his o^vn study and read- 
ing. He has given his life to the all-important 
work of tilling the gronnd. At twenty-two 
years of age, he rented a farm of 50 acres, to 
which he removed from the homestead, and 
which he cultivated for eight years. Then, 
after s]iending two more yeai-s on the home- 
stead, 3Ir. Porter, in coimection Yni\\ his 
brother James, bought a farm of 131 acres, 
which they improved and cultivated it for 
fourteen years. During this time, James Por- 
ter died, and Samuel Porter relinquished the 
farm to his brother's children. He now 
bought tlie homestead which had been in the 
Porter family for 131 years, built upon it a 
pleasant and convenient dwelling, costing 
about $1,200, and otherunse improved the 
place. J\rr. Porter has given especial atten- 
tion to the breedinff of superior blooded 
horses and cattle. His jiolitics are Demo- 

cratic. He has been assessor, supervisor and 
judge of election for Logan township. For 
three years he was a m-Iiui.I director. He is a 
friend of the couipiil-Mi-y iMlucation law. 

Samuel Porter was Mi.n-ried in September, 
1862, in West township, to Peninnah M., 
daughter of Robert and Hannah (Spencer) 
Armstrong. Mrs. Porter ^vas born in West 
township, October 19, 1835; her father is a 
farmer, and both parents are of Irish descent. 
The only child of Mr. and Mrs. Porter is Wil- 
liam M., born September 15, 1863. He was 
educated in the common schools and at the 
State College, Centre county. Pa., from which 
he graduated in civil engineering. In 1888 
he assisted in laying out the railroad on Pike's 
Peak. He is now in Colorado. Samuel Por- 
ter is a member of the Presbyterian church, 
and is on its board of trustees. He is a man 
of influence, and is genial and companionable. 

JOXATHAX ^VALL, deceased, Peters- 
burg, Huntingdon county. Pa., was born 
on the homestead in Logan to^vnship, July 
28, 1828, son of John and'Catherine (Stover) 
Wall. The Wall family is of English de- 
scent; John Wall, Sr., grandfather of Jona- 
than Wall, was a farmer near York, Pa. He 
brought his family and three horses to Logan 
to-\vnship, Huntingdon county, where he 
l)ought a farm of 240 acres, and afterwards 
another tract of some 260 acres, so that he 
o\Mied 500 acres or more, of which he cleared 
a large portion. He was an active man, full 
of energy, and capable of taking all kinds of 
business in hand. He built a log house for his 
family, and a barn. Later, he erected dwell- 
ings of frame and of stone. He was a farmer, 
distiller and cooper and was fairly successful. 
Mr. Wall belonged to the old line Wliig 
party. He was married in the town of York, 
and had the following children: John; Jacob; 
Isaac; Arthur; Joseph; Eli: Elizabeth; Polly; 
Sarah ; and Rebecca. Mr. Wall was a member 
of the Methodist Episcopal church. He and 
his A^-ife both died in Logan, then West to^vn- 
ship. Their eldest son was John Wall, who 
was bom in York county. Pa. He received a 
common school education and learned farming 
on the homestead. His own farm, which he 
cultivated until in the coui-se of years he re- 
tired from business, was a tract of 108 acres, 
im]iroved by himself. He built a dwelling and 
barn, and added other conveniences. On his 



retirement, lie removed to Birmingham, 
where both he and his vife died. ilrs. John 
AVall, whose mniden name was Catherine 
Stover, was born in A\'est township, in the 
part now included in Logan township. Their 
children are: Jonathan, deceased; Samuel, de- 
ceased; Maria; Catherine (ilrs. Wiliam Scho- 
field), of Birmingham, Pa.; Mary (Mrs. 
Crane); Rebecca, deceased, wife of David 
Garner, and two that died in early childhood. 
Mr. Wall first adhered to the Whig and after- 
ward to the Republican party. He was a 
member of the Presbyterian church. Both 
he and his wife died in Bu-niingham. 

The eldest son of their family, Jonathan 
Wall, Jr., attended the common school, and 
grew up on his father's homestead, where he 
always resided. After his father's removal to 
Birmingham, he took entire charge of the 
farm, and cultivated it up to a short time be- 
fore his death. He imT)roved the land and 
raised good stock. He \\as at one time super- 
visor of roads for the township. He was a 
Republican. Mr. Wall served his country in 
war as well as in peace. In March, 1S65, he 
was drafted into the TJ. S. army, and as- 
signed to Company K, Eighty-eighth Penn- 
sylvania Volunteers. He was kept on guard 
duty during most of the three months that he 
was in the service. He was also in a company 
of the State Militia that was quartered at 
Chambersburg, Pa., and in Maryland. Re- 
ceiving at the end of his time an honorable 
discharge, he returned to his family and the 
labors of his farm. Mr. AVall was a kindly 
and companionable man, could enjoy a hearty 
laugh, looked on the bright side of life gener- 
ally, and liked to see those around him cheer- 
ful. He died February 11, 1897, after a very 
brief illness. 

Jonathan Wall was married in 1S5G, in his 
native township, to Lavinia Shuck, born in 
West township. Their children are: John 
M., farmer, of Logan township; Mary (Mrs. 
Le^\'is Sanks), of Huntingdon, Pa.; Samuel, 
residing on the homestead; and three that 
died in infancy. Mr. Wall attended the Pres- 
bvtcrian church. 

JA:MES dickey, Petersburg, Hunting- 
don cdunty. Pa., was born at Shavers Creek, 
Huntingdon countv, March 20, 1837, son of 
William and Rachel (Selfridge) Dickey. His 
paternal gi-andfather, whose name he bears. 

was a native of this county, of Scotch-Irish de- 
scent, and a farmer and stock raiser of West 
township. The elder James Dickey was an 
industrious worker, but a kindly and social 
man, liked and respected by his acquaintances. 
His political opinions were Democratic. He 
Avas a member of the Presbyterian church. 
He married Miss Christy, of Jackson to^^m- 
ship: their children are: William; James; 
John; Margaret; Jane; Susan; and Eliza- 
beth, ilr. Dickey died in Barree, and ]\Ii-s. 
Dickey in "West township. William Dickey 
was their eldest son, born in Barree township 
in 1812. He received in subscription and pub- 
lic schools an education which was very good 
for that early time. He was a farmer, work- 
ing for different persons until he rented a 
farm, and engaged in tilling the land and 
raising stock on his own accoiTnt. His politi- 
cal views were Democratic. William Dickey 
was twice married. His first wife, Rachel 
Selfridge, was born in West township. 
Their children were: James; Susan (Mrs. 
James Harleman), of Clinton county. Pa.; 
Sarah E. (Mrs. John Brown), of Green 
county, Wis.; and two that died in infancy. 
Mrs. Rachel Dickey died in Barree township. 
Mr. Dickey's second marriage was with Mary, 
widow of James Carmon, of Logan township; 
their only child is Mary (Mrs. Robert Mc- 
Cann). William Dickey was a member of- 
the Methodi-t l'']ii-r,i]ial church, and was 
faithful to hi- ilutics in tiie church and in the 
community; he was well and widely known, 
and as widely respected. In middle age, he 
fell into ill health; he died in Lock Haven, 
Pa., while on a visit. 

The eldest of the family, James Dickey, 
grew up as his father's assistant in the work 
of the farm. He was educated in the public 
schools. At the age of fourteen, he undertook 
to learn shoe-making, and devoted foiirteen 
months to that trade; but at the end of that 
time, he gave it up, and resumed work with 
his father, which he continued Tintil he 
reached the age of twenty-six. He then 
rented a farm in West to-\\Taship and cultivated 
it for three years; then removed, first to 
Centre county. Pa., and spent three years on 
a farm; then to Buffalo coiinty. Wis., bought 
120 acres of land, and spent two years there; 
then returned to Jackson, now ]\riller, town- 
ship, rented a farm and lived upon it eleven 
vears; then Ixnialit a --mall farm in T.oo-an 


townshiiD, and stayed there one year. At the 
end of this time Mr. Dickey sold this hist 
farm, and the one in AVi>c-(iii>iii, and pur- 
chased another farm in ].n;^aii tuwu-hip, con- 
taining 137 acres; in 18^4 he inipi-oved the 
place, and has ever since made it his home. 
Beginning life without resources, Mr. Dickey 
has acquired a comi^etence, and attained to a 
high standing in the community by his o^vn 
diligence, sound judgment and upright con- 
duct. He is regarded with confidence by those 
who know him; he has been elected to serve 
as sui^ervisor for two terms, and in the school 
board for three years. He is a Democrat. 
Mr. Dickey belongs to the Grange, P. of H., 
of Petersburg, Pa. He was drafted for the 
army during the war of the Rebellion, but 
rejected on account of ill health. 

Javiii's Di.-kcy \va^ married in Jackson 
township. .Iaiinar\' l".i, l^i'il, to Pebecca, 
daught.r ni .Martiii and APary (Gable) Or- 
lady, born at AVarriors ]\Iark. Mrs. Dickey 
is the sister of Dr. Orlady, and aiint of Judge 
Orlady, of Huntingdon. The children of 
Mr. and Mrs. Dickey are : Catherine ?^. (Mrs. 
J. J. Borst), of "West township; and Mary E. 
(Mrs. Keyser ]\I. Wakefield). Mr. Dickey is 
a member of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
as are also his wife and daughters. 

burg, Huntingdon county. Pa., was born in 
Jackson township, Huntingdon county, June 
9, 1849, son of James S. and Mary (Miller) 
Oaks. He belongs to the third generation 
born in America ; his great-grandfather, John 
Oaks, came from Ireland, where his family, 
who were of Scotch origin, had settled. He 
came to this country, and chose a spot near 
Shavers Creek, Huntingdon county, as his 
residence, some time before the Revolution. 
He was already married, and brought his wife 
and family with him. He cleared a tract of 
land which he had taken up in Barree town- 
ship, liut removed later to Jackson township, 
where he built himself a house, and where he 
lived for the i-est of his life. His son, the 
younger John Oaks, was also a farmer of 
Jackson town.ship, cultivating over 500 acres 
of land and raising stock. In his early 
manhood he was a AAHiig, biit afterwards be- 
came a Republican. He took a wann interest 
in the affairs of the township, and in the pro- 
motion of order and good living; he was a 

decided advocate of tcmpei'ance. He was a 
consistent member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church. He mari-ied Jane Stewart, a native 
of Standing Stone valley, of Scotch-Irish de- 
scent. Their children are: AVilliam A., de- 
ceased, was the father of ex-Sheriff Oaks, of 
Huntingdon county; James S. ; and Sarah S., 
wife of Rev. W. R. Mills, a Methodist Epis- 
copal clergyman, both deceased. Mr. and 
ilrs. Oaks both died on the homestead in 
Jackson township. 

Jairics S. Oaks was well educated in sub- 
scription and in public schools; whatever de- 
ficiencies there may have been in the advan- 
tages offered by the schools were largely made 
up by his own desire for knowledge and de- 
light in reading. His youth and early man- 
hood were passed on the homestead. At the 
age of twenty-one, Mr. Oaks began business 
for himself on a farm belonging to his father, 
where he remained until 1875. In that year, 
he removed to Petersburg, and lived there for 
several years. He bought his farm in Logan 
township in 1873; it contained 118 acres. 
j\rr. Oaks was a Republican. He was well 
known and highly respected in his own and 
the other townships of the county. He held 
at various times all the township offices, his 
judgment and his integrity being past ques- 
tion. He was esteemed as a school director; 
he took a wide interest in educational matters. 
Mr. Oaks was remarkable as one whose spirit 
and energy enabled him to overcome many 
difficulties, among which was the great draw- 
back of ill health. He was married in 
Standing Stone valley, December 31, 18i5, 
to ilary Miller, born in that valley June 6, 
1820. Her father was Da\fid Miller, farmer 
of Standing Stone valley. Their surviving 
children are: John H., farmer, of Jackson 
township, married to Emma A. Smith, has six 
children: David McK. ; "William A., on the 
homestead; Mary Y., at home; and Elizabeth 
■W., at home. Mr. Oaks died June 29, 1883; 
his wife still surAdves him. 

David McKendi'ee Oaks attended the pub- 
lic schools of Jackson township during the 
winter sessions of five months, finishing his 
school studies with a term at an academy in 
Mifflin county. He began at an early age to 
work on the farm, and has continued in that 
business all his life. He has superintended 
the cultivation of the homestead since 1883, 
has made improvements, and given attention 


to raising good stock. Mr. Oaks is a Repub- 
lican. He is well regarded in the township, 
and has served as assessor and as tax collector. 
He is a nieniher of the Metliodist Episcopal 

burg, Huntingdon county, Pa., was born at 
Shavers Creek, March IS, 1S57, son of Henry 
and Maria (Yocom) Lougenecker. His 
grandfather, also named Henry Longenecker, 
was a farmer and blacksmith who came to 
Shavers Creek from his native coimty, Dau- 
jihin. He i^assed the remainder of his life in 
Logau toAvnship, where both he and his wife 
died. Henry Lougenecker, Jr., was born at 
Shavers Creek. He has been all his life a 
laboring man; he now resides at Cottage, 
Huntingdon county. His wife, Maria Yo- 
com, was also a native of Shavers Creek, 
where she died in 1888. Their children are: 
Jacob, farmer, of Logau township; Samuel 
D. ; "William, deceased; Xancy, deceased, 
wife of Frank Archey; Miles, of Logan town- 
ship; David, lawyer, of Jackson townsliiii; 
anil IMartlia. ]\lr. Longenecker is a Demo- 
crat. He is a member of the Presbyterian 

Oulv the advantages of the common school 
fell to the lilt of Samuel D. Longenecker, 
which, however, he has well supplemented by 
observation and reading, earning the name of 
being "self-educated." At sixteen years of 
age he was a farm laborer, receiving twelve 
dollars per month ; after working in this way 
for five years, Mr. Lougenecker learned the 
business of a blacksmith, and followed that 
vocation for two years; he then conducted a 
saw-mill for P. H. Shurz for one year, and 
afterward worked for John Bulick in the lum- 
ber business, for three years; then for ex- 
Sheriff Irviu for five years. During his en- 
gagement at the saw-mill ^he had the misfor- 
tune to lose a finger in running the machinery. 
After leaving Mr. Irvin, Mr. Lougenecker 
was for three years foreman of the planing 
and shiugle mill of D. Gring- & Co., after 
which, iu 1895, he went into business for 
himself. Purchasing an engine and a thresh- 
ing outfit, he began the manufacture of lum- 
bei- of all kinds, and attends to threshing. Be- 
ing a diligent business man, honorable and 
trustworthy, as well as ]iopular among bis 
neighbors for his genial manners, ^Ir. Longe- 

necker is succeeding well. His polities are 

Samuel D. Longenecker was married iu Lo- 
gan township, in lSS-1, to Elmira, daughter of 
The Unas Yarnall, deceased; he was a farmer 
of Centre county, Pa., where Mrs. Louge- 
necker was born. The children of this mar- 
riage are: Blanche M., born August 7, 1SS7; 
and Marian V., born February 14, 1802. ^Mr. 
Longenecker is a memlier of the Presliyterian 

DAVID BAKKICK, IVtcr.lnn-g, llnnt- 
iugdon county. Pa., was lioru near Xt'\v\-iilc, 
Cumberland county, i';i., Xovcmlicr i:», 1m)1(. 
son of Henry and Alai-y (Xaylor) Ilarrii-k. 
The Barrick family originated in Holland; 
they settled as immigrants in Maryland, long 
enough ago to be classed among the ''good old 
stock'' of that State; they always held a re- 
sponsible position in the community. Henry 
Barrick is supposed to have been born in 
]\rarvland, lint grew up and was educated in 
Huntingdon county. He learned the black- 
smitirs trade in Woodcock valley, near Hunt- 
ingdon, and followed that calling iu Hunting- 
don and afterwards iu Cimiberland county, 
where he married, and resided for several 
years. Then he kept a store for some time in 
Concord, Franklin county, Pa. ; this was dur- 
ing the war of 1812, in which he was for a 
time engaged as a soldier. He next had a store 
and a tan-yard at Xewton Hamilton, Pa. In 
18-'U, ilr. Barrick removed to another part of 
the valley, bought and improved a farm, aud 
tliore passe<l the rest of his life. He married 
Mary (Xaylor) Wcigcl, a widow, of York, 
Pa.;' die I'lad four children by her first mar- 
riage. The children of Henry Barrick are: 
David; "William, a farmer, deceased; Mary A., 
deceased, wife of John Keil; John, farmer, 
resides at Licking, 0.; Elizabeth, deceased, 
wife of John Busier, ilr. Barrick was a mem- 
ber of the Methodist Episcopal chin-ch. His 
politics were Democratic. Both he and ^Irs. 
Barrick died iu Mifflin county. Pa. 

Recalling his boyhood days, David Barrick 
describes the school-house where he was edu- 
cated as a log building with a greased paper 
as a substitute for glass in the windows; the 
only school books a spelling book aud an 
arithmetic — no reader. The sessions were 
limited to the winter niontlis, and. it beint;- a 
••snh.,.nption .rhool." each pupil paid the 



teacher two (li:)llais jicr quarter tVir his in- 
structions. "When a half-grown bov, David 
Barrick assisted his father in the tannery by 
gTinding bark. He also worked for him on 
the farm, and continued to do so up to the age 
of tweuty-two. Then Mr. Barrick began busi- 
ness in a tanyard of his own, at liollidaysburg, 
Blair county. He was succeeding well, and 
had a i^laiit which, with its contents, was val- 
ued at more than $2,000. This was entirely 
swept away by the flood of Jime IS, 1S3S. 
But this loss was as nothing to the far gTeater 
and sadder loss of his wife and their two little 
children, who were carried away with the 
property, and drowned. j\Ir. Barrick sold out 
his interest and what remained of his prop- 
erty, and removing to Shavers Creek Manor, 
Huntingdon county, where he kept a store for 
four years with fair success. But his health 
suffering from confinement to the store, he 
sold it, and bought a farm of 500 acres in 
West township, on which he resided for 
twenty-five years, building two fine dwell- 
ings and making many other improvements. 
He farmed extensively there, raising the 
largest crops in the valley. In 1872, Mr. 
Barrick sold his farm, bought a handsome 
brick dwelling and two lots in Petersburg 
for $4,000; he has ever since resided there, 
enjoying well earned leisure and repose,. 
He is energetic and progressive, interested in 
the improvement and general welfare of the 
community, especially in educational affairs; 
he has been in the school board, besides hold- 
ing other oifices; he was a candidate for the 
State legislature