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HE importance of placing in 1x>ok form biographical history of rep- 
resentative citizens — both for its immediate worth and for its value 
to coming generations — is admitted by all thinking people; and with- 
in the past decade there has been a growing interest in this commend- 
able means of perpetuating biography and family genealogy. 

That the public is entitled to the privileges afforded by a work of this 
nature needs no assertion at our hands ; for one of our greatest Americans 
has said that the history of any country resolves itself into the biographies 
of its stout, earnest and representative citizens. This medium, then, serves 
more than a single purpose; while it perpetuates biography and family gen- 
ealogy, it records history, much of which would be preserved in no other way. 
In presenting the Commemorative Biographical Record to its patrons, 
the publishers have to acknowledge, with gratitude, the encouragement and 
support their enterprise has received, and the willing assistance rendered in 
enabling them to surmount the many unforeseen obstacles to be met with in 
the production of a work of this character. In nearly every instance the 
material composing the sketches was gathered from those immediately in- 
terested, and then submitted in type-written form for correction and revision. 
The volume, which is one of generous amplitude, is placed in the hands of 
the public with the belief that it will be found a valuable addition to the 
library, as well as an invaluable contribution to the historical literature of the 
State of Wisconsin. 




Acker, Marvin W 585 

Adams, John W 559 

Alirens, Otto E 458 

Alaxon, Edwin 315 

Alaxon, Knut 315 

Alexander, Rev. Walter S 625 

Allen, Charles W 27 

Allen, Nathan 27 

Allen. Nathan R 26 

Andrewson, Christian 163 

Andsion Family 219 

Apple, Hon. Adam 40 

Apple, Charles E 41 

Apple, Harry 41 

Arnold. John 175 

Ashy, William 311 

Bailey, Hon. Alexander 104 

Bailey Family 104 

Bain, Edward 394 

Baker, George R 401 

Baker, John R 421 

Baker, jily ron A 55 

Baker, Robert H 23 

Baldwin, James G 131 

Barnes, Mrs. Clara P 411 

Barrows, Alvin 510 

Barrows, Mrs. Clarissa 511 

BiEsett, Mrs. Adeline F 591 

Bassett, Edgar 625 

Bassett, George 626 

Bassett, Reuben L 581 

Bassett, Volney L 591 

Bayley Family 181 

Bayley. Herbert 181 

Beardsley, Ezra 207 

Becker, Dr. Bernard A 589 

Becker, Peter 606 

Beecher, Gustavns A 180 

Beimer, Henry G 432 

Beimer, Rudolph 432 

Belden, Hon. Ellsworth B 48 

Belden, Hon. Philo 22 

Benson, Mrs. Elizabeth 427 

Benson, Elliott C 426 

Bever, Michael 319 

Bevins, Arthur N 636 

Bierce, Rev. Daniel E 625 

Billings, Edward T 331 


Bird, Walter B 164 

Bishop, Isaac T 323 

Blakey, John S 172 

Blood, Alvin H 597 

Bloss, Ward 539 

Bolton, James 363 

Bones, Benjamin R 317 

Booth, George H 416 

Botsford, Ahira F 551 

Brehm, Bernard 127 

Brook, James 223 

Brower, William B 428 

Brown, Charles C 572 

Brueggenian, Frank H 391 

Bryant, James 5S0 

Buchan, Edwin 166 

Buckmaster, Albert E 168 

Buell Family 576 

Buell, Fred J 5/6 

Buell, Thomas W 576 

Bull, Frank K '27 

Bull, Silas H 557 

Bull. Stephen i 

Bull, Wakely T 396 

Bullamore, Henry L 256 

Burfeind, William F 257 

Burroughs, Eben 596 

Buttles, Elijah T 310 

Buttles, Mrs. Nancy E 310 

Cadwell, Rev. Christopher C 621 

Caley, Henry 613 

Calkins, Orla M 235 

Callaghan, John J 414 

Callender, John 456 

Callender, William J ......456 

Cape, James, Jr 78 

Carswell, Charles N 454 

Case, Henry C 328 

Case. Jackson 1 59 

Case, Hon. Jerome 1 2 

Cavanagh, James 232 

Chandler. James G 31 

Choak, Charles 380 

Christien, Joseph M 299 

Clausen, John 392 

Clemons Family 326 

demons, Ward C 606 

Clergyman, The Pioneer 620 



Collar, Deacon Daniel N 4^9 

Collier, Joshua Z 5'- 

Colville, Rev. George M., D. D 625 

GonnoUy, (Patrick H 67 

Cooper, Archibald 211 

Cooper, Hugh R 212, 322 

Corwin, Rev. Eli, D. D 625 

Cox. Francis 158 

Crabb, Odle L 213 

Crane, John W 307 

Crane, William 546, 553 

Crane, William A 240 

Cunningham, Matthew 223 

Curtis, Cyrus A 409 

Curtis, G. Harry 574 

Curtis, Philo 408 

Curtiss, Hon. Walker M 448 

Cutting, Andrew J 611 

Dabbs, William G 308 

Daniels, Anton 39° 

Daniels. Nicholas 374 

Darbv, Henry C, M. D 412 

Dardis. H. Gene 117 

Davidson, Joseph F 58 

Davies, John P 208 

Davis Family 33t 

Dearsley, John W 53- 

DeVuyst. Abraham 643 

Dexter, Hon. Walter L 116 

Dingee, William W 66 

Dixon, Joseph E 403 

Dow, William C 182- 

Dowse. James C 148 

Drake, William H 3S8 

Dunkirk, John 437 

Dunnebacke, Ferdinand 603 

Dyer, Judge Charles E 459 

Early Settlers of Racine County 461 

Eastman, J. Russell, M. D 588 

Edwards, Hugh R 332 

Emerson Family 152 

Emerson, Thomas J 152 

English, John J 95 

Erskine, IMassena B 273 

Esmond, James 546 

Essmann. Theodore H 451 

Evans, Dr. Christmas E 438 

Evans, Dr. Evan R 598 

Evans, John 371 

Faulkner, George W 604 

Feldshau, Frederick C 375 

Fennell, John 503 

Feuerer, Pious 547 

Findlay. Charles M 373 

Fink, Eugene 540 

Fisher, Frederick 176 

Fisher. William F 178 

Flegel, Albert L 71 

Foltz, Charles G 140 

Folwell. John H 602 

Fonk, John 263 


Foote, Rev. Hiram 622 

Foster, Julian A., Sr 348 

Foxwell, John 102 

Fratt, George N 43 

Fratt, Hon. Nicholas D 278 

Frost, Charles N 352 

Frost Family 352 

Gaines, Harvey B 640 

Garnetz, August W 287 

Gehr, Rev. George F 558 

Gittings, Christopher C 70 

Gittings, John T 612 

Gittins, Elmer E I39 

Gleeson, Bartholomew 382 

Goodland, Walter S 51 

Goold, John F 49 

Gould, Myron A 563 

Graham, Charles L 525 

Graham, Owen P 410 

Gray, James H 123 

Greeley, Horace C 333 

Grenier, George W 288 

Griffiths, Thomas P no 

Gunder.son, Gouty 150 

Gunter, Charles 615 

Gunter, William 615 

Hale F'amily 250 

Hale, George 250 

Hale, Myron H 252 

Hallock, William H 297 

Halter, Henry 198 

Hansen, Thomas 284 

Hansen, Valdemar 521 

Hanson, Dr. William C 541 

Harbridge, Frederick 44 

Harcus, Adam H 347 

Harden, Delbert 354 

Harden, Theodore 353 

Hartnell, Frank G 368 

Hartnell, John 368 

Harvey, William J 129 

Haumersen, Frederick H 62 

Hausner, Christof 528 

Hausner, John W 529 

Haven, Wiltsie S 146 

Hay, John S 413 

Hay. Thomas 155 

Head. Eugene R 372 

Head, George D 96 

Heck, Judge i\Iax W 60 

Hcg, Ole 313 

Hegeman, Louis 590 

Heidbrink, Dr. Jay A 627 

Heidersdorf, Christian 255 

Henningfeld, Louis 542 

Herzog, George H 608 

Hewitt, Benjamin F 169 

Hewitt, Mrs. Louisa M 170 

Higgins. Michael, Jr 136 

Hildebrand, Andrew 79 

Hilker, Adolph 280 

Hilker, Adnlph W 280 

Hilker, William 272 



]Iinchliffe, Tom 316 

Hocking, James N 537 

Hocking. Josiah 525 

Hocking. J\Iiss Prudence M 525, 538 

Hoffman. Martin L 424 

Hogenson, Christopher 420 

Holhster, Homer T 618 

Holloway, Morris W 538 

Holton Family 75 

Hood. William C 247 

Hoyt Family 26g 

Hcyt, Franklin E 269 

Hoyt. William E 268 

Huck. Mathias 113 

Hueffner, Ernst J 22 

Humphrey, Rev. Zephaniah M 623 

Hunter, Adam 2,2"] 

Hunter, Mrs. Charlotte 328 

Hurd, James 405 

Hurn, David 197 

Hutchins. Rev. Charles J 624 

Hyde, Henry H 63 

Jacobs, Rev. Theodore 184 

Jasperson, Orlando A 643 

Johnson, Charles K 203 

Johnson, Charles 286 

Johnson Family 200 

Johnson, Halvor K 242 

Johnson, Henry F 233 

Johnson, John F 204 

Johnson, Joseph C 545 

Johnson, Samuel C 200 

Jones Family 350 

Jones, Richard 262 

Jordan, Henry F 141 

Jorgensen, Dr! Palle P. M 39° 

Kaltenbach, Louis E., D. D. S 119 

Karcher. Adam 436 

Kehlor. John M 64 

Killeen. John A 146 

Kimball, Roger N 637 

Klein, Francis G 265 

Kolander, Frederick W 550 

Kradwell, Gustave V 579 

Krenzke, Charles 587 

Krichbaum. Joseph E 326 

Kruckman, August H 427 

Kupfer, William M 291 

Lane, Capt. Theodore 132 

Lawton. IDavid 236 

Leber. John 5^4 

Lee. Charles H 115 

Leet. George F 253 

Leonard, Harry J 632 

Leonard. Peter F 632 

Lewjs, Arthur W S36 

Lewis. William H 535 

Lichber, George 362 

Lintner, Frank 567 

Litzenberger, Charles 434 

Loescher, Mathias 534 


Lothrop, Jason 156 

Lugg, James 397 

Lund, Jacob C 5S1 

Lytle, Henry 143 

McBeth, Daniel 174 

McBeth, Mrs. Elizabeth A 369 

McBeth, John 369 

McCanna, Charles B 68 

McCarron, George B 633 

McCarron, Jeremiah 634 

i\IcFarland, David E 555 

McMamis, Charles 16; 

McNeil, Charles D 94 

McQuarrie, Frank 507 

Malone, Edward 600 

Alabch, Fredrick 21 r 

IMarlatt. Walter T 566 

Maxwell, Elmer A 160 

Maxwell. Hon. Walter S ito 

Maver. Joseph A 441 

.Meachem, John G., M. D 38 

Meadows, George 357 

Meadows, Hon. William 245 

Mealy, Mrs. Alice M 444 

Mealy, Patrick 444 

Meredith, Charles E 501 

Mever, Rev. Theodore B 192 

Miles, Herbert E 281 

Miller, Frank J 74 

Miller, Joseph T2 

Miller, Joseph F 7=; 

Miller, W. Henry 46 

Moeller, John '. 604 

Mohr, Charles J 513 

Mohr, Jacob 54 

Monaghan, John 388 

Moore Family 506 

Moore, Col. Webster P 504 

Morey, Darius J 124 

Moth. Robert H 393 

Movie. John F 114 

Movie. Dr. Thomas F 616 

Mungen, Matthias 383 

Murdoch. John 439 

Murdoch, William M 440 

Murphy, James 300 

^lurray, James H 295 

Mutter. James 122 

Mutter, James W 599 

Mutter, Robert .■ 87 

JNIyrick Family 320 

Myrick, Mead 320 

Myritp. Mars 213 

Nelson. Hans P 264 

Nelson, Ole 258 

Nelson, Peter B 112 

Newell, Frank F., j\L D 592 

Newell, George E., M. D 561 

Newell, Henry B., M. D 336 

Newman. Hiram 154 

Nichols. Rev. Cyrus 620 



Nickerson, Rev. Charles S., D. D 625 

Nims, F. H 147 

Nisen, Michael 126 

Noble, John 446 

Noll, Louis, Sr 215 

Northrop, Byron B 31 

Northrup, O.sro S 243 

O'Laughlin, John 593 

Orvis, Charles W 520 

Orvis Family 450 

Orvis, Miss Flora B 521 

Oversen, Andrew 547 

Overson, Henry M 227 

Ozanne, Lawrence E 351 

Ozanne, Peter 351 

Paddock, Alva 422 

Palmer. Walter C 216 

Park, Linus H 42 

Parker Families 67, 348 

Parker. Frederick 191 

Patterson, Albert 345 

Peacock, Arthur H 376 

Peacock, George W 338 

Pearce, John P 128 

Peat. Richard 229 

Perkins. Edward D 135 

Petersen, George C 441 

Peterson, Halvor N 292 

Pettit. O^sian M 276 

Pfeiffer, John P 529 

Pfennig, Charles C 569 

Pfister, Fred 149 

Phillips, Charles 594 

Pierce, Alzo B 560 

Pierce, Andrew J 29 

Pierce, Joshua 138 

Pjerce. William 138 

Pioneer Clergyman, The 620 

Pirsch. George R 629 

Pirsch, John B 629 

Pirsch, Nicholas 628 

Powles, Henry G 90 

Pow'les. William 532 

Prasch. Frank J 573 

Puffer, Kneelon C 443 

Pugh, William H 279 

Purvis, William R 271 

Racine County, Early Settlers of 461 

Ramsden, John 139 

Rasch, Gustave C 312 

Rasmussen. Matt A 626 

Reesmann. Henry 178 

Remer. Clarence E 144 

Reynolds. Samuel 106 

Reynolds. William F 631 

Richards. Clarence J 24. 47 

Richards, Griffith 304 

Ripley, Everett W 619 

Ripley, George H., M. D 75 

Ritter. Hiram 159 

Robbins. Herbert E 518 

Roberts, Robert F 544 


Roliinson, Dwight 499 

Riil)inson, Mrs. Frances S 500 

Ri)l)inson, Frederick 34 

Robinson, Hon. Frederick 56 

Robinson, Rev. Henry D., D. D 30 

Robinson, Richard T 39 

Rogers, Zophar 344 

Rooker, Joseph C 502 

Rowntree Family 238 

Rowntree, George W 238 

Rowntree, James C 289 

Runkel, John P 607 

Russell, Andrew J 296 

Russell, James 447 

Russell, Richard 445 

Ryan, Dr. Charles C 394 

Rygh, Carl J 218 

Rygh, ]\Irs. Ellen A 219 

Sage, Miss Emma M 82 

Sage Family 80 

Sage, Sidney A 82 

Sage, Stephen H 80 

Sanders, ^Irs. Eunice 70 

Sanders, Horace T 69 

Schaeffer. Jacob P 343 

Scherf. Anton 399 

Schiefen. Rev. John H 570 

Schlax. John H 433 

Schlax, Peter 402 

Schlegel, Leonard 335 

Schmitt, Peter 457 

Schnederman, Edward H 316 

Schreck. Frederick R 568 

Schroeder, Frederick C 610 

Schweitzer, Charles T 53 

Sears, William 439 

Secor, IMartin M '84 

Scngbusch, Frederick J 565 

Shepbard. Wesley 638 

Shields. George A 634 

Shumway, Walter G 406 

Simmons, Ezra 6 

Simmons, Gilbert M 224 

Simmons, Gilbert M., Library 224 

Simmons, Samuel S SS4 

Simmons, Hon. Zalmon G 6 

Smieding. Judge William, Jr 103 

Smieding. William, Sr 46 

Smith, Arthur D 509 

Smith, Frank F 365 

Smith, Frank J 641 

Smith, Hiram J 134 

Smith, Rufus 364 

Snyder. Clarence 628 

Sorenson, Soren C 642 

Spear. Hugh S 277 

Spencer Family 356 

Spencer. James E 355 

Spiegelhoff. Erwin 614 , 

Spillum. George 82 

Sprague Family 349 

Stanbridge. William 309 

Stanley, William J 635 



Starbuck, Frank W 120 

Stebbins, James M 260 

Steinmetz. Martin 387 

Stevens Family ol 

Stevens, Frank E., M. D 61 

Stevens, John L *» 

Stocker, Bradley H 524 

Stoel, William N 452 

Stone, Dr. George \V., Jr 355 

Stone, Dr. George W., Sr 209 

St. Patrick's Church Society 99 

Sturges, Benjamin 86 

Summers. Joseph W 293 

Swantz, Fred W 4i8 

Swenson, Richard B 53° 

Tate, William R 267 

Thelen, Nicholas C 435 

Thiers, Edward C 34 

Thiers, Louis M 226 

Thronson, Bartholomew C 171 

Tiedemann. Peter 52 

Timme, Henry H 303 

Tilley, Henry 520 

Titus, Alonzo S 552 

Toner, Charles 302 

Topp, Albert J So4 

Torrey. James P 55° 

Trant Family 98 

Trant. Rev. Stephen Dean 98 

Turnock, James H 384- 

Udell, Lathrop A 568 

Upson Family 378 

Upson, Salmon E 378 

Van Alstine, James J 381 

Van Arsdale. William 630 

Veitch, Dr. John H 385 

\'incent, Dow J 039 

Vnorhces, Elias S m 

Vos, Frank H 503 

Vyvyan, Henry 453 

Vyvyan, John 5io 

Wadsworth, John 339 


Walker, Mortimer E 118 

Walker, Robert M Si7 

Wallis, George 455 

Wallmann, George F 121 

Ward, Lorenzo C I94 

Washburn, Charles H 418 

Weber, Adolph 583 

Wells, Frank L 45 

Wendt, Frank 531 

Wentworth, John T 65 

Wentworth, Hon. John T 21 

Werve, Alathias 248 

West, Benjamin 37° 

West, George 330 

West, George A 331 

West, Thomas 234 

Whitcher, Charles H 584 

White, Joshua H 361 

Wicks, Frank B 609 

Wieners. Joseph. Sr 508 

Wigley, David P lOO 

WiUerton, Charles H 359 

Willett, George P 522 

Willev, John R 400 

Willey, Samuel 400 

Williams, Daniel 366 

Williams Family . . . . .' 196 

Williams, Henry 252 

Williams, Henrv C 162 

Williams. John G I95 

Williams, Lewis C 54^ 

Williams, Thomas L 168 

Williamson, Capt. Halvor 217 

Wilmore, William J. 386 

Worthington, Francis E 34i 

Wright, Edwin E 407 

Wustum, Charles A 76 

Wustum Family 76 

Yule, George 36 

Yule, George A 38 

Yule, John T 283 

Zimmermann, Henry E 360 





STEPHEN BULL, one of the pioneer residents and business men of Ra- 
cine, Wis., residing at No. 119 Eleventh street, is a well-known capitalist of 
the city, having large investments in real estate and various business concerns. 
Although now living retired, in spite of his eighty-four years he is a vigorous 
man, of mental strength and activity, and has been a resident of Racine since 
1845. He was born in Scipio, Cayuga Co., N. Y., March 14, 1822, son 
of DeGrove and Amanda M. (Crosijy) Bull, natives of New York. 

DeGrove Bull, the father of Stephen Bull, was a farmer, and came to Wis- 
consin about 1846, locating in Raymond township, Racine county, where he 
spent the remainder of his life engaged in farming. His death occurred in his 
seventy-second year, while his widow survived him until 1880, when she passed 
away, aged eighty-four years. They had eleven children, six of whom are 
still living: Mrs. Sally Fish, deceased, was the wife of Ira Fish; Jeanette, 
widow of Thomas Gage, resides in -Racine ; George is deceased ; Stephen ; 
Clarissa, deceased, was the wife of Robert Dilly; Lydia A. is the widow of J. 
L Case: Daniel is deceased; Caroline is the widow of Lorenzo Waite, of Ra- 
cine; Wakely T. is of Racine; James is deceased: and Charles H., formerly a 
farmer of the town of Mount Pleasant, now lives retired in Rac'nie. 

Stephen Bull started out in life for himself when a boy of ten years, his 
first employment being the driving of a horse in front of a team of oxen which 
were plowing. He worked on the farm until eighteen years of age. and went 
to school during the winter seasons to the old subscription schools, at the time 
that the teachers boarded from house to house. From the farm Mr. Bull went 
to New York City, where he clerked in a grocery store, and in 184^ came to 
Wisconsin, locating in Racine for one year. He then removed to Walworth 
county and settled in Spring Prairie, where he operated a general store and re- 
mained about ten years. In 1857 he returned to Racine and has remained here 
ever since. On locating in Racine he entered the employ of his brother-in-law, 
T. L Case, and so remained until 1863. when the employe became a member of 
the firm. Mr. Case and Mr. Bull continued together until the former's death. 
At that time the firm name was known as J. L Case & Co.. but in 1872 the 
T. L Case Threshing Machine Company was established. Mr. Case being the 
first president. On" his death Mr. Stephen Bull became president, and the 
presidency has passed down to Mr. Frank K. Bull. Mr. Steven Bull's son, who 
is the companv's present president. From the time of Mr. Case's death until 
1897 Air. Stephen Bull was this company's able president,' and it was largely 


through his foresight and good management that the success of the firm lias 
been so marked. Mr. BuU was also president of The ^Nlihvaukee Harvester 
Company for twenty years. 

Stephen Bull has been a stockholder in the Manufacturers National Bank 
since 1872, of which Mr. Case was the first president, being succeeded by Mr. 
M. B. Erskine, who in turn was succeeded by Mr. Bull, who held that office 
-until Jan. i, 1904, when he resigned. 

On June 7, 1849, ^i'"- Bull married Miss Ellen C. Kellogg, of White 
Pigeon, Mich., daughter of A. B. and Rhoda (Lawrence) Kellogg. She died 
March 27, 1880. There were seven children born to this union: One son 
■died when three months old; Ida R., who married H. W. Conger, lives in San 
Francisco. Cal. ; Frank K., president of the J. I. Case Threshing Machine 
Co., married Miss Arabella Jones, of Milwaukee; Jeanette married Richard 
T. Robinson, and they live in Racine: Lillian M. married Frederick Robinson; 
Herbert died at the age of twenty-three years ; and Bessie ]\I. married A. 
Arthur Guilbert. 

Among the heads of the prominent families of Racine, none is more con- 
•spicuous that is Wx. Stephen Bull. The great benefits to the community that 
have come from the institutions and enterprises with which he has been con- 
nected can hardly be estimated. Their influence will continue to be felt as long 
as the city stands, hundreds of families having been sustained and deriving 
benefit therefrom. The name of Mr. Bull will endure, and cannot be effaced 
from the histoiy of the city and county. The fame of such men should be 
written not for a brief moment, but as an everlasting example worthv of emu- 
lation. Notwithstanding his strenuous life, Mr. Bull is noted for his genial 
•disposition and affable manner, and he has hosts of friends in all classes. 

HON. JEROME I. CASE (deceased) was undoubtedly the most re- 
markable of the many strong characters who came to Racine county in pio- 
neer days. In his own line, as a manufacturer, he was foremost among the 
most successful in the world. Yet the influence of his success was not so 
much on manufacturing interests as on agricultural interests, and especially 
on the developing farming lands of Wisconsin. The use of the wonderful 
machines he improved or invented has spread until they are known in almost 
every agricultural region on the earth, but Wisconsin had the first benefit 
of these products of his genius. Thus the limitations of poverty are not 
aUvays prejudicial. In the struggling days of his early manhood he was 
obliged to use the facilities at hand for the fulfillment of his ambitions, and 
he likewise chose the field nearest at hand, in which to introduce his first 
attempts at improved farm machinery. This was one manifestation of a trait 
which always predominated in his character. He never wasted his energies 
looking for something particularlv worthy of his efforts, or rejected imme- 
diate opportunities for those that looked better because their disadvantages 
were less apparent at a distance. He did the work that lav nearest to him, 
Avith the facilities available, and, like many another modest but aspiring spirit, 
found that when ambition and industry go hand in hand the road to success 
■cannot be closed against them. His particular road to success mav well be 
compared with the roads of his adopted State. When he came to Wisconsin 
the pioneers of this section were still making their wav through the dense 
forests bv means of blazed trails, the beginnings of the fine roads which now 


traverse the country. So he started his career in a practicaUy untried field, 
making slow progress at first, with the uncertainty of first steps. But no man 
ever came to realize more fully than he that "nothing succeeds like success." 
His interests broadened with the years until the road was so wide and well 
laid that it afforded room for many besides the man who unconsciously laid 
out a great highway to prosperity for so many of his fellowmen. 

Mr. Case did much for his fellowmen in other ways, though of course 
/he building up of the great J. I. Case Threshing Machine Company may justly 
be considered his most important work, especially from a material standpoint. 
He was essentially a business man, hut the executive ability which was so 
manifest in the management of his own affairs enabled him to give, time 
to other things. As a leading business man of Racine he was naturally con- 
cerned in the advancement of the city, but his interest was not a selfish one. 
He gave of his means and influence to the furtherance of every good cause, 
and as an official gave considerable time and personal attention to the proper 
management of civil affairs at a period when a progressive but wisely con- 
servative leader was much needed. He was the object of appreciative regarn 
among the best element of the citizens of Racine and his business associates 
and employes had the utmost respect for him as a man, inspired by many years 
of congenial association. 

Mr. Case was the product of old New England stock, of English de- 
scent, his first ancestor in America being one of four brothers who came hither 
from England in Colonial days. He himself was a native of New York 
State, born Dec. 11, 1818, in Williamstown, Oswego county, of which county 
his parents, Caleb and Deborah (Jackson) Case, were pioneers, having moved 
thither from Rensselaer county, same State. These hardy people cleared a 
farm from the woods, the sons assisting in the work, which was arduous and 
apparently never-ending. Jerome I., though the youngest son, had his share. 
He received such education as the local schools afforded, but as the country 
was sparsely settled school was held only for a few weeks in the year, and 
the instruction was elementary. Thus he continued, helping at hqme and 
attending school, until he was about sixteen, at which he practically began 
the work to which 'he devoted his life. At that time his father secured the 
right to sell and use a one-horse treadpower threshing machine, a wonderful 
thing in that day, and he turned the management of same over to our sub- 
ject, who must have given evidence of some special abilitv in that line to en- 
title him to such trust. 

As w^as the custom in those times, Mr. Case faithfully gave his services 
to his father until he was of age, after which he began to run a threshing 
machine on his account. However, he was anxious to add to his intel- 
lectual acquirements, and his first savings were devoted to that end. In Jan- 
uary, 1 84. 1, he entered the academy at Mexicoville. N. Y., where he took up 
such studies as he thought would help him most in business life. But with all 
his ambition for and appreciation of book learning it is not to be denied that 
the greater and more valuable part of his knowledge was acquired by his con- 
tact with men in the management of his vast interests. 

At the age of twenty-three, in the spring of 1842. Mr. Case tried a new 
field. He bought six threshing machines, on credit, which was then his only 
capital, and brought them to what was then the Territory of Wisconsin, ar- 


riving at Racine. He sold five of them, and with the remaining machine 
went about the country, doing threshing. With constant usage the machine 
at the end of the second season needed rebuilding, and Mr. Case applied him- 
self to the task with interest. He had no special mechanical training, and his 
tools under ordinary circumstances would have been considered inadequate, 
but he had no time to remedy either lack, and did have definite ideas 
of what he wished to accomplish. Until that time there was no machine that 
would thresh and separate the grain in one operation, but Mr. Case's ex- 
perience convinced him that such a machine was possible. The open or 
"ground hog" threshers, as they were generally know^n, only beat out. the 
grain, which was thrown out together with the straw and chaff, after which 
the tedious work of winnowing had to be done. A thresher that would do 
away with this was the ideal Mr. Case kept before him, and in the winter of 
1843-44, in the kitchen of a farmhouse in Rochester, Racine Co., Wis., he 
made a model, showing his ideas in practical form, which must certainly have 
been gratifying to the ambitious young man. He found himself in possession 
of a thresher which could not be equalled even by the best product . of the 
East. During the summer he demonstrated the practical qualities of the ma- 
chine and improved it, and in the fall (1844) he rented a small shop in 
Racine, as he had planned to build a few machines for sale. 

Modesty was ever one of Mr. Case's most prominent traits, especially in 
estimating his ow^n worth and achievements, and while he knew his invention 
filled a long-felt want he never dreamed of the popularity it was destined to 
win. Even his most optimistic encouragers thought that a half-dozen ma- 
chines, if they were proved successful, would fill the demand in Wisconsin, 
and the further extension of the business does not seem to have entered into 
the original plans. It may be that the business gained much of its solidity 
from this natural grow-th. Mr. Case always exerted himself to keep up with 
the demand, but he never forced it — such a course would have been contrary 
to his nature. He did good work, he turned out a product the people w-anted. 
he managed his own affairs tvell, and did right by his associates and his 
patrons — and success took care of itself. 

In 1847 Mr. Case erected near the site of the present manufactory, a 
three-story brick building 30x90 feet in dimensions. It was more than the 
needs of the business called for at that day, but his public spirit impelled 
him to put up a structure that would reflect credit on the town. But farmers 
in the Western State were beginning to prosper, and the merits of the T- I- Case 
threshers and horsepower machines became known, the demand running ahead 
of the supply. The small plant was enlarged from time to time by the erec- 
tion of new- buildings, each supplied with the most up-to-date machinery of 
the day. and the process of expansion and improvement has never ceased, until 
now the establishment is the largest of the kind in the world. No one could 
have predicted the phenomenal prosperity which attended the undertaking. 
That the modest little shop opened in 1844 would ever develop into a factory 
of such immense proportions would have seemed beyond belief at that day, 
when, for one thing, business enterprises were not conducted on so larsre a 
scale as nowadays. Moreover, Racine was then only a small town, with no 
promise of its present importance as a lake port and manufacturing; center. 
There is no question that many other business concerns of more or less 


magnitude liave been attracted to the place through the influence of the Case 
estabhshment, but it has continued to be the great industry of the place, one- 
sixth of the total population of the city being made up of the employes and 
their families. The annual output is valued at over $2,000,000, and the ]: 
I. Case threshers and plows are shipped to almost every country on the globe. 
The buildings now cover some thirty acres of ground, on the banks of the 
Root river, just inside the lake harbor, with its docks for loading an/1 unload- 
ing vessels. 

With all the changes and all the improvements which have been made 
in the thresliers since their manufacture was started, the basic idea is still 
the same, the problem of a perfect thresher having been solved in the first 
model. But many changes have taken place in the conduct of the business. 
In 1863 Mr. Case admitted to partnership three men who were then in his 
employ, and the mere mention of their names justifies his choice — Steolien 
Bull, the late ;\I. B. Erskine and the late Robert H. Baker. Thev did business 
under the firm name of J. I. Case & Co., and continued together until Mr. 
Baker's death, on Oct. 5, 1885. Meantime, in 1880, the concern had been re- 
organized as the J. I. Case Threshing Machine Company, with a paid-up 
capital of $1,000,000, and Mr. Case was president of the same from the time 
of its organization until his death. 

An important advance in the threshing business was made with the in- 
troduction of the portable steam engine, and later the traction steam eneine, 
which the J. I. Case Threshing ^lachine Company manufactures extensivelv. 

In 1876 a company was organized to manufacture plows at Racine, 
under the style of Case, \\'hitney & Co., with a capital stock of $120,000, 
which was increased to $150,000. Mr. Case was made president, and con- 
tinued as such after the reorganization, two years later, when the concern 
was incorporated as the J. I. Case Plow Company. He was at the head of 
affairs in this company also until his death. Many other enterprises of Racine 
besides these two principal ones received his support and encouraeement. but 
he did not confine his attention to manufacturing interests. In 1871 he was 
one of the incorporators of the Manufacturers' National Bank of Racine, one 
of the soundest financial institutions in the State, of which he was elected 
president, sen'ing in that capacity until his death. The same vear he assisted 
in establishing the First National Bank of Burlin?ton. ^^'is.. which he also 
served as president. He aided in establishing banking houses at ]\lonrovia, 
Cal. : Fargo, N. Dak. ; and Crookston, Minnesota. 

It is no exaggeration to say that Mr. Case did more to make Racine 
a manufacturing city than any other one man, and his fellow-citizens of all 
classes were not unappreciative. He received many honors at their hands. 
In 1856 he was chosen mayor, and so satisfactory was his administration of 
affairs that he was renominated the next year, but declined. Again in 18^8 
he was urged to accept the nomination, and was elected over Hon. Tohn M. 
Cary. Aleantime. in 1856, he was elected to the State Senate, and served two 
years as a member of that body. Originally Mr. Case was an old-time Whig' 
in political sentiment until the rise of the Renublican narty. to whose prin- 
ciples he adhered ever afterward. His first Presidential vote was cast for 
William Henry Harrison. He was an ardent supporter of the Union cause. 

6 comme:\iorative biographical record. 

and when, at the Ijreaking out of the Civil war, Col. William Utley proposed 
lo raise a regiment, JNIr. Case generously offered $i,ooo to the first company 
that would enlist. Throughout the war he was unfailing in his liberality to 
the families of the boys in blue. 

Air. Case's admiration iur fast horses him considerable pmnii- 
nence. He took great pleasure in breeding and training turf stock, and not 
only had elegant barns and track at Racine, but also a third interest in the 
Glenview Stock Farm, near Louisville, Ky. He enjoyed the distinction of 
having the once fastest trotting horse on the globe, the famous "Jay- Eye- 
See." "Hickory Grove Farm," his stock farm situated just south of the city 
of Racine, and adjacent to the city limits, became justly famous. Mr. Case 
bred and owned forty-eight horses that made records ranging from 2:10 to 
2:34. The names and records of a few are here given: "Jay-Eye-See," 
2:10; "Phallas." 2:13^; "Brown" (at four years old in race), 2:1894- 

As has been said, Mr. Case was eminently a business man, but he never 
lost sight of the fact that his success in business was based upon the agri- 
cultural development of the country, and he took a real interest, not prompted 
wholly by prospect of material gains for himself, in the agricultural advance- 
ment of the country, having been identified with both State and county agri- 
cultural societies. He was one of the founders and a life member of the 
Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters. 

With all his hard work, his devotion to business, and his numerous (ither 
interests, Mr. Case lived to be over seventy, passing away Dec. 22, 1891. It 
is enough to say that he was sincerely mourned alike by his family, his busi- 
ness associates, his hundreds of employes, and the entire community for which 
he had done so much, and where he had resided for half a century. 

In 1849 ^^^'- Case was united in marriage with Miss Lydia A. Bull, daugh- 
ter of DeGriive and Amanda (Crosby) Bull. Seven children were born to 
the union, four living to maturity: Henrietta, the wife of Percival ,S- Ful- 
ler, a prominent lawyer at Chicago; Jessie F., the wife of H. M. Wallis, who 
owns a large interest in and has full charge of the J. I. Case Plow Works at 
Racine; Amanda, the wife of J. J. Crooks, of San Francisco, Cal. ; and Jack- 
son I., deceased, who served at one time as mayor of Racine, and is said to 
have been the youngest mayor of a large city in the L'nited States. 

HON. ZALMON GILBERT SIMMONS has a business reputation 
which extends all over the United States among railroad and telegraph men. 
His connection with Kenosha covers a period of over sixty years, and he has 
improved the opportunities his high position and means have given him to 
such good purpose that he is justly regarded as its principal benefactor. He 
has done more than any other one man for the Iniilding up of the city. His 
gifts to various enterprises which have been a matter of pride to Kenosha 
have been liberal and bestowed with hearty good-will. The benefits his ex- 
tensive undertakings in the locality have conferred can hardly be estimated. 

Mr. Simmons was born in the town of Euphrates, Montgomery Co., N. 
Y., Sept. 10, 1828, and conies of old New England stock. His grandparents. 
Rouse and Mary (Potter) Simmons, were early settlers in Montgomery coun- 
ty, N. Y., moving thither from Rhode Island. Ezra Simmons, father of Zal- 


mon G. Sinionms, was born x\pril 3, 1805, in Montgomery county. In acquiring 
an education he had to cope with the usual disadvantages of an undeveloi)ed 
section in that respect, but he was naturally studious and persevering and he 
managed to prepare himself for teaching. He alternated the pursuit of that 
profession with clerking when a young man. Not long after his marriage he 
removed with his wife and young child to Oneida county, N. Y., to a region 
which was then, like his old home in his boyhood, in its primitive state. He 
made a home in the woods, clearing and improving a farm upon which he re- 
mained until 1839, in which year he removed to Rome, the county seat, la 
1843 the family came West, journeying by canal to Buffalo, where they took 
steamer for Southport, as Kenosha was then called. They arrived on the I2tl'i: 
of June, but remained in the village only a short time, Mr. Simmons buying a 
tract of land in Benton township. Lake Co., 111. Again he began the work of 
wresting a farm from the wilderness, this being the third place on which he had 
such experience. He made a remarkable improvement in the place during his 
residence thereon, but in 1851 he entered into partnership with his sons in a 
mercantile business in Kenosha, under the name of Simmons & Sons. After 
four years Ezra Simmons retired from the firm, and he spent the rest of his 
life in retirement, dying July 14, 1878. He was buried in the Kenosha ceme- 

]\Ir. Simmons was married, in Montgomery county, N. Y., to Maria Gil- 
bert, who was born there April 20, 1808, and five children came to this union, 
namely: Zalmon G., Burr, Rouse, and Ezra and Mrs. J. M. Stebbins, twins. 
All married, reared families and settled in Kenosha. Mrs. Simmons survived 
her husliand, making her home until her death with her daughter, IMrs. Steb- 
bins. ]\Ir, and Airs. Simmons first united with the Methodist Church, of which 
they were active members, Mr. Simmons acting as class-leader for many years, 
but in later life their belief was that of the Unitarians. He was originally a 
Democrat in political sentiment, but supported the Republican party from the 
time of its formation. 

Zalmon G. Simmons passed his boyhood in his native State, being fourteen 
years old when the family came West. His early life, both in "York State" 
and in the new West, was typical of the times. He was a sturdy youth and 
able to handle the hard work which fell to his lot on the home farm, and he 
became skilled in the rude athletic feats so popular in that day in rural com- 
munities. Remaining on the farm until he attained his majority, he then went 
to Southport to take a position as clerk in the store of Seth Doan, a pioneer 
merchant of the place. 

Mr. Simmons clerked for Mr. Doan sixteen months, at the end of that time 
purchasing the stock and store and embarking in business on his own account. 
As previously stated, the firm was originally Simmons & Sons. The business 
was well managed, and custom increased steadily until the Simmons establish- 
ment was among the most thriving in the city. The next move our subject 
made showed his strong faith in the future of the State as well as the tire- 
less efforts which he was willing to expend on anything he undertook. After 
two years of mercantile life he sold out to devote himself to the interests of the 
Kenosha, Rockford & Rock Island Railroad Company, taking the presidency. 
The tide in its affairs was then so low that it had neither money nor credit, and 


he was obliged to draw on his own friends and endorse the company's paper 
in order to complete the partially finished road, which had been turned over to 
him entirely. The first train was run through for a meeting of the stockholders 
at Harvard, 111., on the day the first battle of Bull Run was fought. The stock- 
holders were so disheartened that they refused to advance the necessary money 
for equipment, etc., and voted unanimously that Mr. Simmons take the road 
and manage things as he liked. He entered into the work undismayed, al- 
though he was involved to the extent of $80,000. Perhaps the magnitude of the 
task and the hopeless attitude of his associates acted as a spur to his energies, 
and he determined to come out on top. The difficulties he had to contend witti 
can be neither understood nor appreciated by anyone unfamiliar with such a 
situation. It was a task the success of which depended as much upon his will 
power and strength of character as on his financial and executive ability. Many 
a man would have gi\en up in despair. The same indomitable perseverance 
which made this undertaking a success has distinguished the man in the suc- 
cessful conduct of the other vast enterprises in which he has since become in- 
terested, many of which he has piloted from an almost hopelessly involved con- 
dition into assured prosperity. 

Mr. Simmons entered upon a similar experience with the Wisconsin State 
Telegraph Company. In 1856 he had acquired a half interest in the company 
for $500, which would have been considered a sufficient price for the other half 
also, as the line was considered practically worthless. Time proves, however, 
that his judgment was not at fault. He was president of the Telegraph Com- 
pany from the time he became connected with it. and manager until the year 
1 88 1, and the unbounded success of the concern is due directly to his methods 
of business. But at the time he became interested in the project the little line 
from Milwaukee to Madison was not regarded as a wise investment from a 
business standpoint. With his usual gift of far-sightedness ]Mr. Simmons 
recognized the possibilities of the business particularly in the growing North- 
west, in whose great distances a means of rapid communication would be es- 
pecially valuable. There was nothing to prevent the company putting up its 
lines wherever a business opportunity offered, and the rough country was not 
enough to prove a serious drawback to the indomitable men who were back of 
the enterprise. It is enough to say that during the period it was operated bv an 
independent company, from the beginning of Mr. Simmons's connection there- 
with until 1 88 1, it paid a total of nearly one million dollars, also a dividend of 
$1,250,000 in seven per cent bonds, besides the amount of the original outlay. 
In the year 1881 the lines were leased to the Western Union Telegraph Com- 
pany, for ninety-nine years, the Western Union Company taking care of the 
outstanding bonds, $1,180,000, and a semi-annual dividend on $2.^00,000, 
commencing at four per cent and increasing to six per cent. 

All this, however, was in the line of ordinary- business, from which he 
made quite a departure when he undertook the construction of what is pooularly 
known as the "Cog Road" up Pike's Peak. Work was besfun in October, 
1889. and the first train made the ascent June 30. i8gi. The road starts at 
Manitou, Colo., at the base of the Peak, and winds its way up the mountain- 
side at n grade of one foot in four. cn\-ering a distance of nine miles, the sum- 
mit of the peak being reached at an altitude of 14.143 feet — the highest point 


attained by rail in the world. The road-bed is of solid earth or masonry, ex- 
cept where four chasms are spanned by iron bridges. The superstructure con- 
sists of three steel rails, the outer ones on which the train runs laid at standard 
gauge. The one in the center is a compound cog rail, on which the propelling 
wheels of the engine act. All along the route the traveler enjoys a panoramic 
view of magnificent scenery. The road is operated during the summer months 
when a trip to the high altitude is exhilarating and novel. 

Mr. Simmons has always encouraged local enterprises. He has been 
president of the Northwestern Manufacturing Company since he founded the 
same, in 1872. They first manufactured cheese boxes, but before long began 
to make wire mattresses, and with the advantages afforded by modern machin- 
ery they have been able to enlarge the scale and scojie of the business until they 
are now extensively engaged in the manufacture of iron and brass bedsteads 
and cots. The mattress business increased so that the original yearly 
output of fifteen hundred was in time equalled by the daily output. 
This concern gives steady employment to two thousand people. Mr. Simmons 
has been president of the First National Bank of Kenosha, the oldest bank in 
the city, for some thirty-seven years. It was due principally to his influence 
that the Brass Works were located in the city, and he helped to organize the 
Scotford and the Lane Manufacturing Companies. The incalculable benefit 
which all these prosperous concerns have brought to the town is well appreci- 
ated by the citizens, especially as steady and profitable employment is given to 
hundreds of respected and substantial residents. 

Mr. Simmons cast his first vote for John P. Hale, and he has been a Re- 
publican ever since the formation of that party. In spite of the demands of his 
numerous business interests, he has found time for acceptable public services, 
believing it the duty of every patriotic citizen. In 1865 he represented Keno- 
sha county in the State Legislature. He served two terms as mayor of Keno- 
sha, 1884 and 1885, and gave the city an administration remarkable in many 
ways, his wise methods and the practical projects he set on foot conferring last- 
ing benefit on the municipality. His activity in the matter of the city debt won 
him the admiration and appreciation of every public-spirited citizen. The ex- 
penditures for harbor construction and extension of railroad connections, so 
necessary to the continued advancement of the city, had involved the munici- 
pality to" the extent of $1,750,000, including interest, etc., with no prospect of 
relief. When Mr. Simmons took the helm the city was struggling hopelessly 
against this burden, which had already begun. to aiYect business very materially, 
many of the residents moving away. Through his able financiering the entire 
debt was refunded with $200,000 worth of 1-20 bonds at five per cent. His 
services in this line covered altogether a period of about twenty years, during 
which he worked untiringly, without compensation, bearing his own expenses, 
an important item, as he had to do considerable traveling. But the problem 
was one of the kind which has always roused Mr. Simmons's best business 
instincts, and as usual he came out ahead. Many new enterprises were at- 
tracted to the town, and the healthy reaction thus brought about has been one 
of the most potent factors in its prosperity. At the present time there is 
plenty of work, at good pay, for the population of 21,000. However, this is 
only one of the many things which have jjroved his genuine interest in the 


welfare of tlie place. His gifts to churches regardless of denomination, and 
to benevolent objects generally, would amount to considerable, without 
thought of the influence his connection with such enterprises means to those 
interested. The elegant library building, as fine as anything of the kind to be 
found in the State, is another substantial evidence of his generosity. It was 
the result of the action of the city authorities taken upon the receipt of the fol- 
lowing letter : 

Gentlemen : 

In making the following proposition to you and through you to the citizens of 
Kenosha, I beg to acknowledge my grateful consideration and appreciation of the many 
blessings that have come to me and my family during the long time we have lived in 
}-our midst, a period reaching beyond a half century. 


I will construct a building of sufficient size to hold over 30,000 volumes ; material to 
be used stone, steel and hardwood made fireproof. It will be my aim to make it a beauti- 
ful building in every way. and to secure this object no efliort will be spared. The struc- 
ture to be placed as near as may be in the center of the park. 

Second : I will continue and complete the curbing around the park. I will make of 
cement the curbing around the park. I will make of cement and concrete 
all the walks that will be required in the park; will do all the. necessary grading, 
will remove and replace all the trees and add thereto all the trees and shrubbery 
that may be needed to make the park a fit setting for the building, so there will be a 
true harmony throughout. In this building I will place not less than 25,000 of well-selected 
books. The whole when completed I make a free gift to the city of Kenosha on the fol- 
lowing conditions: ist — The Library shall be named Gilbert M. Simmons. '2d — The 
city to accept the same and agree to levy and collect the one mill tax provided by law 
on all taxable property in the city. 3d — The Library to be kept open no less than six 
hours every day. 4th — After paying the necessary expenses of the librarian and help, 
heating and lighting, the remainder (if there be any) of this one mill tax fund to be used 
for the purchase of additional books. 

Most respectfully submitted, 

Z. G. Simmons. 

^Ir. Simmons has always been particularly interested in the welfare of the 
old soldiers, and to show that he believes in honoring their memory, as well 
as in looking after their well being physically, he has presented to the city a 
magnificent monument, which was dedicated May 30, 1900, the occasion being 
a memorable one. The numerous visitors, the carefully and elaborately ar- 
ranged parade, the profuse street decorations in honor of the event, and the 
dedication ceremonies themselves, combined to make the grandest spectacle 
ever witnessed in Kenosha, and one which will live in the memory of all who 
participated. The weather was auspicious, trainload upon trainload of visi- 
tors arrived, and fully thirty thousand people were at the services. At noon 
Fred S. Lovell Post, G. A. R., and the various civic societies formed on Mar- 
ket Square and marched to the North Western Depot to meet the comrades 
from the North and South who were to be present, and then reforming 
marched along West Main street (beautifully decorated with flags and bunt- 
ing and pictures of Lincoln and the famous generals of the Civil war) to 
Grand avenue, and thence east to the harbor, where salutes were fired by the 
L^nited States Gunboats "Michigan" and "Fessenden," and the revenue cutter 
"]\IorriIl,"' which was sent by the government in honor of the occasion. Then 
they proceeded to Central Park, where tlie monument stands, and the crowd 
was called to order by Commander Hale, who had charge of the ceremonies, 
with these words : 


"This is a special and open meeting of the Fred S. LoveU Post, No. 230, 
Department of Wisconsin, Grand Army of the Republic, assembled to-clay 
with their visiting comrades and friends, for the purpose of unveiling and 
dedicating this beautiful monument, erected by our friend and fellow citizen, 
Mr. Z. G. Simmons, in honor of the brave men of Kenosha county, who vic- 
toriously defended the Union on land and sea during the war of the great 
rebellion of 1861-65. The ceremonies will open with the invocation of the 
Divine blessing." 

After the invocation of God's blessing upon the events of the day, the old 
soldiers and the donor of the monument, by Rev. H. S. Roblee, who is a son of 
a veteran, St. George's choir sang "Hail! Hail! Starry Banner," with good 
effect. Attorney Peter Fisher delivered the address of welcome, as follows : 

"It is my pleasant duty, on behalf of the county and city of Kenosha, to 
welcome you, in a formal manner, to our exercises to-day, and one cannot fail 
to feel a pride in welcoming the soldiers and citizens of this land to our beau- 
tiful county and city on such an occasion as this. We now meet in commem- 
oration of the deeds of the brave men who fought on land and water the stern 
battles of the Civil war — in commemoration of their patriotic valor — in com- 
memoration of the noble deeds of the now silent dead — in formal recognition 
of their zeal for their country's welfare — in perpetuation of the grand prin- 
ciple that this Union is one and inseparable — and we most heartily welcome 
you, each and all, to join us in our devotions to the memory of those men and 
the principles for which they fought. 

"As the memory goes back thirty-five or forty years our breasts swell with 
patriotic emotions and our hearts extend the warmest sympathy to the homes 
made desolate by that war, and with loving hearts to cherish the memory of 
the departed soldiers. 

"From 1861 to 1865 Kenosha county and city took a foremost place in 
the ranks of the Federal army and navy, and many a tombstone now marks 
the last resting-place of the men who, then in early life, offered their time and 
their lives that the constitution of the United States might prevail and that the 
homes of their loved ones might be protected, and many a crutch supports the 
tottering limbs of the survivors of that brave band. Hence we love to meet on 
such occasions, so that the lessons of patriotism taught by these men. often 
cemented in blood, may endure for all time. And we welcome to our midst 
and to our assistance the citizens of this country, of whatever city, county or 
State, for our purpose is a common purpose. And thrice welcome to our ranks 
to-day are the men who stood side by side with these departed heroes through 
the long tedious 'march and upon the bullet-ridden and blood-stained battle- 
field, or braved the angry waves on bullet-torn battleships. To you.we extend 
the kindest welcome. 

"Through the kind generosity and patriotism of one of its honored citi- 
zens Kenosha county is to-day able and glad to dedicate to the memory of those 
departed heroes a monument, beautiful and grand, symbolical and symmetrical, 
which is only exceeded in endurance and beauty by the principles for which 
these men fought, and of which it shall ever be constant reminder. 

"We thank this generous giver for his noble deed. We thank these brave 
men for their lessons of patriotism, for their sacrifices, for the protection of our 


homes, for the defense of our country, for the hberation of the b(jndsnien, and 
for the perpetuation of the American Union. And we sincerely welcome you 
to join us in uttering our appreciation of these things. 

"While such exercises awaken a great many sad memories, recall a great 
many disappointments, they are tinged with joy when we contemplate the 
grand and noble deeds of the veterans of the Civil war, and now see our coun- 
try, then on the verge of dissolution, united and happy, knowing neither North 
nor South, East nor West, prosperous and free. We therefore welcome you, 
citizens and soldiers, laymen and veterans, patriots and heroes, most cordially, 
to participate on this beautiful May day in dedicating to the memory of these 
departed warriors that which shall speak to future generations, when you and 
I have passed away, of the heroic acts, of the unsullied patriotism, of the un- 
faltering devotion to country, and of the unexcelled bravery of the soldiers, 
whether on land or sea, of the Civil war." 

At this juncture Miss Elizabeth Clarkson Simmons, granddaughter of 
Air. Z. G. Simmons, was escorted to the base of the monument by Capt. E. G. 
Timme, who lost his arm at Chickamauga. Miss Simmons pulled away the 
flags that veiled the monument, and as she did so the bands played the "Star 
Spangled Banner," and the warships and revenue cutter fired a salute in honor 
of the event. The vast multitude rent the air with cheer after cheer. 

Then Commander Hale introduced Kenosha's benefactor as follows : 

"Comrades and Citizens : It is my great pleasure to introduce to you Mr. 
Z. G. Simmons — the true friend of the citizen-soldier from 1861 to 1865, and 
from 1865 to this Memorial day, 1900 — who will now present formally, this 
beautiful memorial shaft to the citizens of Kenosha county." 

On rising Mr. Simmons was greeted with a hurricane of applause and 
when it ceased he said : 

"Two score years ago this Nation divided on the question of human 
slavery. This was followed by the greatest war of modern times. And now 
looking back on these two score years, judging by results and consequences, 
we may safelv claim it to have been the most important war of all time. 

"When this war commenced Kenosha county bad less than 1700 able- 
bodied men subject to military duty. Before it ended she gave 1,367 of her 
bravest and best to the field. Before this record I am dumb. \\\)rds cannot 
tell of its grandeur and glory. 

"This granite monument standing before us, serene and beautiful, is 
placed here to tell the story of their sublime achievements ; not for to-dav 
alone, but for all time ; not to the people of this land alone, but to all people of 
all lands. 

"With a feeling of profound gratefulness for- the privilege, I turn this 
monument over to the care and keeping of the liberty loving people of Keno- 
sha county, to be their possession forever. 

"Mav the blessed sunshine bathe it until all bloodstains are washed away. 
May God's approval rest upon it now and forever." 

Supervisor Samuel B. Cropley of Pleasant Prairie, who had been dele- 
gated for the dutv bv Mr. H. F. Jordan, chairman of the countv board of 
supervisors, accepted the moiniment on behalf of the people of the county. 
In doing so he said : 


"Mr. Simmons : The duty of accepting from you, in behalf of the citizens 
of Kenosha county, this beautiful testimonial of your gratitude to the men of 
Kenosha county who defended the Union during the war of the Rebellion, has 
fallen upon me, and I assure you that 1 esteem it an honor, indeed, to have the 
privilege of accepting it from one whose patriotism and generosity has made 
possible these exercises. 

"In accepting this, I trust that I may safely pledge the honor of every citi- 
zen of Kenosha county that it shall be protected and cared for and the sur- 
roundings kept in harmony with its beauty. 

"Inscribed on yonder monument are the words, 'In honor of the bra\-e men 
of Kenosha county, who victoriously defended tjie Union on land and sea dur- 
ing the war of the great rebellion — 1861-1865,' an inscription teaching to the 
present and future generations the impressive lesson of gratitude. As one who 
took an humble part in that victorious defense of the Union, it occurs to me 
that this memorial shaft expresses still an(ither message to future generations 
— a lesson of patriotism. 

"Long may it stand where you have placed it — stand in all its beautv, 
sublime yet not silent, but as an object lesson teaching that although those to 
whose memory it has been erected may have sacrificed health and even life 
itself — yet their sacrifices and achievements have not been forgotten ; and may 
it also instill in their minds and hearts that true spirit of patriotism which shall 
cause them to be ever ready to defend their homes and country. The motive 
which actuated you in the erection of this most beautiful monument, as we 
all well know, and as stated in your presentation, is one of profound gratitude 
to those in whose memory jt has been placed there, and your object to tell of 
their sublime achievements. 

"A few words, yet impressive and full of meaning, realizing as you do 
most fully that they' achieved that for which they fought, the preservation of 
our country, that it might live as a nation, and to-day it does live, respected and 
honored by all nations. 

"I am conscious of my inability to fitly express to you the feeling of grati- 
tude which to-day fills the hearts of every patriotic man and woman of Keno- 
sha county, yet I feel that I not only voice the sentiment of the survivors of 
those who sacrificed their lives in that great struggle, but also the sentiment of 
every living soldier and sailor, when I say that they are most profoundlv grate- 
ful to you for what you have previously done for them, and for this your crown- 
ing efTort in the erection of yonder '■2autiful monument to their memory. 

"And now in behalf of those who laid down their lives on battlefields, in 
prison pen or hospital — in behalf of all who have been laid to rest from 1861 
to this Memorial day, 1900— in behalf of the fathers, mothers, widows and 
orphans of those who have passed away, and in behalf of the living soldiers. 
and of each and every citizen of Kenosha county, I most sincerely thank vou. 
May God graciously prolong your life that you may have the satisfaction of the 
completion of this long cherished wish, and when in the lapse of time vou have 
passed to the Great Beyond may your name ever remain fresh in the hearts 
and minds of every one— remain revered and honored as long as yonder 
memorial shaft shall stand where your hands have placed it. 
"Again and again I thank you." 


St. George's choir then sang "Brave Hearts Sleep On." 

The orator of the day, Bishop Samuel Fallows, of Chicago, was then in- 
troduced hy Attorney James Cavanagh. In introducing the speaker Mr. 
Cavanagh said : 

"Decoration Day is the grandest, nohlest and most impressive day in the 
whole calendar of patriotism. It is the day of heroes, not of soldiers. Soldiers 
are men bred to war ; heroes are men of peace. The men of '61-65 were heroes. 
They went to the front not for emolument or the spoils of war, but for love of 
country and home, and to preserve the nation and the flag. The gentleman 
who presented this noble and beautiful shaft as the crowning act of his grati- 
tude to the heroes of the War bf the Rebellion has erected other monuments in 
the hearts of the veterans and has ever been mindful of them. It was a happy 
thought that suggested Bishop Fallows as the speaker on this occasion. He 
is one of the heroes of the Civil war. He knew personally and fought side by 
side with many of the heroes whose memory is held in trust by this beautiful 
shaft. I have the honor and it is my pleasure to introduce to you Bishop Sam- 
uel Fallows, who is known throughout the length and breadth of land as the 
'Fighting parson from Wisconsin.' " 

When Bishop Fallows rose to speak he was met with a warm recejjtion. 
He spoke as follows : 

"Comrades, Fellow Citizens, Ladies and Gentlemen : The sod is scarcely 
green over the graves of many in both hemispheres who listened to Edmund 
Burke on the floor of the British Parliament, as with his broad majestic elo- 
quence he spoke of America as having been within the lifetime of some around 
him 'a little speck scarcely visible in the mass of the national interest ; a small 
seminal principle, rather than a formed body.' 

"During the few short years since these words were uttered this 'little 
speck' has grown to be one of the most populous, civilized nations of the earth. 
Within its borders has been carried on a war compared with which the most 
gigantic military campaigns of the past dwindle into comparative insignificance. 

"Two million, six hundred and eighty-eight thousand names were placed 
on the muster-roll of the armies of the republic; over one million and a half 
on the muster-roll of the Confederacy. 

"I need not stop to recapitulate the causes which led to this struggle. 
"That memorable April day came when the flag of the Republic, never 
before dishonored, was shot down and trailed in the dust — that flag of which 
we have often proudly sung,' 

. "When freedom from he.r mountain height 

Unfurled her standard to the air, 
She tore the azure robe of night 
And set the star of glory there. 

"Then came the unparalleled uprising of the people, the call for 75,000 
men, and the advance of the 'whirlwind of the North,' the darkness and defeat 
of the first Bull Run battle, the deepened determination, the varying fortunes 
of war, the piercing of that long and well defended Confederate line stretch- 
ing from the eastern mountains to the Mississippi, and the capturing of Forts 
Henry and Donelson by L^nconditional Surrender Grant, the battle of Shiloh, 


the gallant fight of the 'Cumberland' and 'Monitor' with the 'Merrimac,' the 
immortal exploits of Farragut and Porter, and the capture of New Orleans; 
answering the song of the nation 'We Are Coming Father Abraham, 300,000 
More,' the battles of Antietam and F"redericksburg, the bloody conflicts of 
Chancellorsville and Gettysburg, the surrender of Vicksburg, the starvation, 
defeat and glorious victory at Chickamauga, the enthusiastic response, 'We Are 
Coming Father Abraham, 300,000 more" ; the placing of the flag on Lookout 
Mountain, the storming of Missionary Ridge and the 'fight above the clouds.' 
The song more earnestly than ever sung 'We Are Coming Father Abraham, 
300,000 More' ; the decisive battles of Atlanta and Nashville, the siege of Rich- 
mond, the 'Grand March to the Sea,' and the final chorus of the nation, 'We 
Are Coming Father Abraham, 600,000 More.' The surrender of Lee and John- 
son, the foul assassination of President Lincoln, the passionate _grief of the 
people, the magnificent review at Washington, the glad thundering of guns 
without the murderous thunderbolts, the rising tide of a redeemed nation's 
rapturous joy, as it swelled from the Atlantic, rolled over the Alleghanieg, on 
over our w^estern prairies, 'God's own Gardens,' up and over the Rocky Moun- 
tains, down the slopes of the Pacific States, till 'like a sea of glory, it spread 
from pole to pole.' And the melting of the vast army into the ranks of civil 
life like mist before the rising sun. 

"Our soldier dead cannot receive their just meed of praise without the 
fullest recognition and the most unqualified admiration of the magnificent 
bravery of the soldier dead; they engaged in strife on the more than two thou- 
sand battlefields of the war. Virtue is measured by the temptation it meets 
and masters ; success is scored according to the difficulties to be surmounted ; 
victory has its values precisely proportionate to the means and men to be over- 
come. In our war West Point met West Point, volunteer vied Avith volunteer. 
The flower of our hearts and homes lay down side by side in the last long sol- 
dier sleep with the flower of the Southland's hearts and homes : sincerity strove 
against sincerity ; conviction confronted conviction ; determination defied deter- 
mination ; purpose was pitted against purpose ; sacrifice was set over against 
sacrifice: prayer against prayer. Not men of alien nations were they: they 
were our own kith and kin. And because they were of our own stock and lin- 
eage, they fought, as men who would not disgrace the American family name. 
That is the reason it took four long years to end the contest. Because of 
this the hands of our Southern brethren set fire to a thousand miles of cotton, 
their very last resource, that every bridge might be burned behind them. To 
'die in the last ditch' was no language of empty braggadocio. It meant the 
grim resolve of stubborp. ingrained Anglo-American valor, which, enlisted 
with our own on the side of right, can, if need arise, whip the world. 

"This noble shaft and this beautiful library building are striking and 
worthy tributes to the transcendent idea that wealth has its irreparable obliga- 
tions to society. He who by genius and industry and honorable dealins: has 
amassed a fortune, viewing his lawful acquisitions aright, truly savs, 'These 
are not my own for sordid and selfish ends. They are for the well-being of 
those dependent upon me. and for that of my fellowmen. I will therefore use 
them to enrich and glorify human lives. I will blend in their use the gift of 
architecture, poetry and eloquence, with the undying sentiments of philan- 


thropy and patriotism. I will unfold new vistas of knowledge to the opening 
and gladdened eyes of youth. I will multiply for them the sources of inspira- 
tion and the upward paths of aspiration.' 

"It is thus my friends that money should be used, not to forge fetters to 
bind and enthrall mankind, but with chains of gold to link heart to heart in 
the reciprocal offices of good-will and glowing gratitude. 

"He whom we all delight to honor to-day, and whose name will be lield in 
increasing regard as the generations come and go, in this spirit has caused this 
splendid monument to spring into being. And in the fullest sympathy with the 
words of James Whitcomb Riley has he erected 

"A monument to the soldiers. 

And what shall you build it of? 
Can you build it of marble, or brass or bronze, 

Outlasting a soldier's love? 
Can you glorify it with legends 

As grand as their blood has writ 
From the inmost shrine of this land of thine 

To the outermost verge of it? 

"A monument for the soldiers- 
Built of a people's love, 

And blazoned and decked and panoplied 
With the hearts ye build it of. 

And see that you build it stately 
In pillar and niche and gate 

And high in pose as the soul of those 
It would commemorate. 

"Your most generous friend and fellow townsman ardently desired to go 
to the front when the war broke out, but considerations of business in which 
the vital interests of many others were concerned interposed an insuperable 
barrier. And yet he always felt a keen disappointment that stern necessity had 
prevented the enrollment of his name among his country's actual defenders. 
But in this case we all have taken gladly 'The will for the deed' : and in the en- 
during form of this graceful memorial shaft has that will found a renewed ex- 
pression of the profound regard he has ever cherished and of the marked prac- 
tical appreciation he has ever felt for the heroes of the Republic. 

"It has been reared as described in the beautiful and felicitous language 
on its base 'In honor of the brave men of Kenosha county, who victoriously 
defended the Union on land and sea during the war of the great rebellion of 

"Not soldiers professionally trained, but men who became soldiers for the 
time of strenuous need, did this country send forth. When the war was over 
the survivors of the gallant Union host resumed their places in society as men. 
Men first and always they were. The function of the soldier was but a tem- 
porary one in their experience. 

"Glorious beyond the power of utterance were the deeds they wrought 
amid the fire and tempest of battle. But they fought not for conquest but for 
harmony, unity and peace. The peace which was to make the Nation one could 
only come by power. Look upon that radiant figure which crowns this un- 
springing column. It is not the representative of the god of war crying 'To 
arms ! To arms !" It is tliat of the Angel of Peace, breathing benediction and 


love. And yet wilhuut the men girded with overcuming strength the iVngel ut 
Peace wouW not have descended from ahove. 

"Other hps will tell in detail the thnllmg story of the loyalty and bravery 
of our Kenosha boys. No more intrepid citizen-soldiers shouldered arms or 
carried sword. The great State that sent them fortli gained added glory 
through their renown. 

"General Sherman said in my hearing and in that of the Thirty-second 
Wisconsin Regiment in the field, 'Had all the regiments behaved as well as the 
Wisconsin troops, there would have been no Bull Run." And it was as much in 
compliment of the men we sent out as well as of the policy of the State in fill- 
ing up her regiments with recruits that he said in his Memoirs, 'We estimated 
a VV'isconsin regiment equal to an ordinary brigade.' It is no disparagement to 
the valiant soldiers from the other States to say that Wisconsin soldiers were, 
second to none in every physical, intellectual, moral and military quality. 
Wherever the white plume of Henry of Navarre was seen there always was 
the fight the hottest. Wherever the dags of Wisconsin regiments were seen in 
battle you might know the thickest of the deadly fray was there. The history 
of the war could be made out from the records of the conflicts in which 
Wisconsin soldiers took part. I cannot do justice to the deeds of our 
Wisconsin dead. Ten thousand fell in battle, on the march, in hospital, in 
prison pens, and through wounds and disease at home. Our noble Governor 
Harvey, going to the front to care for the wounded, found a watery grave in 
the swiftly flowing Tennessee. Colonel Haskell, the embodiment of chivalrous 
courtesy, culture and daring, surrendered his life early and heroically at his 
post of duty. Gen. Cassius Fairchild and General Cutler, after the battle's 
shock was over, lay down to rest, wearied unto death, through the preternatural 
stress and strain of war. Scores of other brave officers fell, whose names and 
deeds are engraven on tablet and monument, and slirined in the undying re- 
membrance of grateful hearts. 

"True to the last were those Wisconsin soldiers. One of them, who went 
from the University in the northern part of our State, with the baptism of learn- 
ing on his brow, fell at the head of his cavalry command, but the last word 
that escaped young Paine's lips, as the sand in the roadside drank his blood, 
was 'Forward.' That motto of Wisconsin must be the watchword of the Na- 
tion. It has the right military ring in its imperative utterance. 

"This Memorial day speaks to us perhaps as never before of common 
duties and responsibilities. It summons the whole nation to bear together the 
'white man's burden.' to meet the red man's claims, to safeguard the brown 
man's rights, and redress the black man's wrongs. She must check with the 
hand of prudence and justice the insatiable greed of rapacious monopolies and 
trusts which exist by the grace and to the disgrace of the long-suf=fering public, 
and which, like the horse" leech with her two daughters, are evermore crying 
'Give ! give !' She must not only shut now and forever the door of the Ameri- 
can congress to polygamy, but sternly prevent its baleful spread. She must 
deal practicallv and in a common-sense manner with intemperance. She must 
preserve the sacredness of marriage, and the integrity of the home, and the 
open school-house for her children. 

"No maudlin sentimentalism must weaken the tenacity of the iron mole- 
cules in the martial blood of our American youth. Millennial conditions do- 

i8 co]mme:\iorative biographical record. 

not as yet prevail. However ardently we may desire and fervently pray for 
peace, we can fulfill our mission as a Christian nation only as we become thor- 
oughly prepared to compel peace when ambitious nations may desire to 'let 
slip the dogs of war." 

"There can be omnipotence in our ringing utterances only as we can make 
these nations hear the reverberations of the best cannon, sighted by the best 
artillerists the world knows of, if occasion should demand such an accom)3ani- 
ment. We have sprung to the front as one of the great world-powers, not by 
any will of our own, for no statesman or soldier dreamed of this three years 

"Let skeptics sneer at us if they choose. I but repeat the thought of devout 
and practical men that the right hand of the God of Nations was on the hands 
of our American heroes when they were lift up to destroy tyranny and make 
wider yet the bounds of freedom in the enlarging of our national domain. 
What we have we must hold and we will hold with the grip of gravitation. We ■ 
will strike swift and steady blows till the last armed foe expires. We are sure 
we are right and we are going ahead. We are going to tax to the utmost the 
learning and ability of our commanding constitutional lawyers, the construc- 
tive genius of our foremost governmental administrators, the knowledge and 
deliberative wisdom of our most impartial and patriotic legislators, in dealing 
Avith the tractable and intractable human material that Providence has forced 
upon us. 

" 'He has sounded forth a trumpet that shall never call retreat.' Vrni mav 
as well try to roll yonder sun backward as to turn the American people from 
the inward path of honor. We are workers together with God in lifting up and 
enlightening the once enslaved people now committed to our care. 

"The Republic is living a grander life today than when Grant grasped 
tlie hand of Lee and said 'Let us have peace.' The years that have sped on 
since then have welded together the North and the South into a compact and 
glorious unity. Beneath the starry flag of the fathers the sires and sons who 
represented contending hosts have been marching victoriously forward to ful- 
fill our manifest destiny. 

"We shall solve the many and complicated problems which are before us 
to-dav even as those who sleep in soldiers' graves solved the problems they 
had to face during the stirring times in which they lived. Because they suc- 
ceeded we have the sure promise of unfailing success, if we shall be faithful 
as were they. It is not only poetry but prose which is embodied in the senti- 
ment of the song 'Columbia, the Gem of the Ocean.' She is indeed the chief 
of the nations of the earth. W^e can gratefully thank the Giver of good gifts 
that there is no consumption in her blood, no paralysis in her limbs, no serious 
impairment of her digestive powers, no signs of heart failure in that central 
organ of her being. 

"Tlie strength of the 'everlasting hills' is in her glorious frame. The 
beauty of her flushing lakes and rivers and seas is in her beaming face. 'The 
sweep continental' of mighty and majestic thought is in her active brain. The 
ardency and freshness of perennial youth are in her leaping pulses. The light 
of liberty is in her eyes of heavenlit blue. The words of conciliation and af- 
fection are on her persuasive lips, and her yearning arms have clasped once 
more all her children to her bounteous bosom in the unbroken embrace of ma- 


ternal, filial and fraternal love. And the children now sing as ne\er before 
could be sung : 

"Columbia, Columbia, to glory arise, 
The Queen of the World and the child of the skies." 

Attorney James Cavanagh then introduced Rev. Father Cleary, of Min- 
neapolis, who said that the erecting of the monument was but a very small part 
of what Mr. Simmons has done for the old soldiers. He said that Mr. Sim- 
mons had always taken a great interest in the upbuilding of Kenosha, and gave 
liberally of his means toward every worthy enterprise. He told how, when he 
commenced the work of building St. James' Church, Mr. Simmons took him 
by the hand one morning and told him he was glad to see that there was one 
man who had faith in the future prosperity of Kenosha — that Kenosha was 
all right — to go ahead with the building of the church, and when in need of 
fvmds to call on him. He also said that Mr. Simmons remarked to him after 
the dedication of the soldiers' monument in the city cemetery several years ago 
which was the gift of Mr. Simmons, that the dead soldiers should have a 
monument, and they would have it if he had to erect it himself. Everyone 
knows when Mr. Simmons said anything had to be done it would be done. In 
concluding his short address he invoked the choicest blessings of Hea\-en on 
Ml'. Simmons. 

The exercises closed with the singing of "America" by the assemblage. 

Rev. Roblee then announced that the old soldiers would be furnished tick- 
ets for their supper at the dining halls of the W. R. C. and the ladies of the 
several churches. 

A nice feature of the day was the singing by the school children. After 
the exercises the Wolcott Post Drum Corps of Milwaukee serenaded Air. Sim- 
mons at his home. During the evening the surviving members of the Twentv- 
sixth Regiment, Wisconsin Volunteers, held a reunion at St. George's Hall. 
It was a happy event. 

The M onumcnt . — The monument is a fluted Corinthian column twentv- 
ejght feet in height, four feet in diameter at the bottom and tapering to three 
feet four inches at the top, and is one solid piece of gray granite. The cap- 
stone is five feet six inches square, and six feet high. On top of this stone is 
a beautiful statue of Victory, eleven feet in height, holding in her hand a 
wreath. On the base is the inscription, "In honor of the brave men of Keno- 
sha county, who victoriously defended the Union on land and sea during the 
war of the great rebellion — 1861-1865." 

The approaches consist of four -steps and eight buttresses. The lower 
course is circular in form and thirty-six feet in diameter. From the approaches 
to the base of the column the monument is octagonal in shape, consisting of 
two bases, eleven feet six inches in diameter, also a die, six feet six inches, and 
a capstone eight feet in diameter. The approaches are similar to the approaches 
to the Victory monument at West Point, N. Y. The monument was designed 
by Mr. D. H. Burnham. who designed the buildings for the ^^"or!d's Fair. The 
statue of Victory was designed by \\' illiam H. Morse, of this city, who erected 
the monument. The work on the monument was all done by the William H. 
Morse Company, at Barre, Vt. The total weight of granite is 180 tons. There 


is not a finei" niunument in the State of Wisconsin. [The ahove report is 
taken from the Kenosha Union of May 31, 1900. J 

No better evidence of the good feehng created by this handsome gift was 
necessary than the make-up of the procession, which inckided, besides veterans 
and sons and grandsons of veterans, representatives of numerous societies of 
every kind. 

This generous act was but the climax of a consistent career of helpfulness 
in behalf of the veteran soldiery and their families, which covers a period from 
the beginning of the Civil war until the present time. It is not too much to 
say that no person in the United States to-day is a warmer friend, or a more 
liberal contributor, to the cause represented by the G. A. R. than Hon. Z. G. 
Simmons, of Kenosha. Abundant evidences of his friendly attitude, and of his 
splendid work, which proves his iaith in the great patriotic fraternity, are scat- 
tered along the past forty years of his life. One of the most touching local 
incidents testifying to his good-will is the annual entertainment which he has 
prepared and given for the last thirty years at his private residence for the 
enjoyment of two hundred veterans of Kenosha, Waukegan, Racine and Mil- 
waukee. Last year the late Commander-in-Chief of the Grand xA.rmy, W. \V. 
Blackmar, was present on this occasion. 

A more striking evidence was presented at the thirty-ninth national en- 
campment of the G. A. R., held at Denver, Colo. While there, in company 
with the regular members of the Kenosha post and with his own granddaugh- 
ter, Mr. Simmons and the lady mentioned were called to the platform and 
heartily applauded. Then and there Mr. Simmons was unanimously and en- 
thusiastically pronounced a comrade of the gray-haired boys in blue, and voted 
formally into the organization — in view of what he had done in the past for 
them and theirs. In reply he delivered a short but telling address ; but he had 
come to the convention provided with something more tangible than words, 
and calculated to give a more enduring pleasure. Before the session was com- 
pleted he had distributed three tons of handsome bronze medals, which had 
been struck ofif at his personal expense. The soldiers attending the Denver 
Encampment received 15,000 of these beautiful mementoes, and, after return- 
ing home, Mr. Simmons had more of the medals made for presentation to the 
members of the Kenosha post who did not attend the convention. 

On April 20, 1850, Mr. Simmons was married, in Kenosha, to iVIiss 
Emma E. Robinson, daughter of Capt. Morris Robinson, a prominent pioneer 
of Benton township. Lake Co., 111. Mrs. Simmons was born in Cleveland, 
Ohio, Oct. 15, 1830, and in 1835 went with her father to Lake county. 111., 
where she grew to womanhood. 

Children as follows were born to Mr. and Mrs. Simmons : Gilbert ^T. 
died in the prime of manhood ; Nelson L. died at the age of three years ; Min- 
nie J. is the wife of Arthur F. Towne, of Chicago ; Emma Belle, Mrs. Lance, 
is a resident of Kenosha ; Ezra J- died at the age of thirteen years; Zalmon G., 
Jr., is the youngest. The mother passed away Oct. 11, 1899. In religious faith 
she was a Unitarian, as is also Mr. Simmons. 

Mr. Simmons has proved in his career that hard work is a blessing and 
not a bane. His success also is evidence of the fact that a man never injures 
his own prospects by generosity to others, and the esteem in which he is held 


by all is the reward of a life-long policy of unselfishness. His name is known 
to every resident of Kenosha county, for he has taken a prominent part in the 
history and development of both city and county throughout the period of his 
long residence here. He has made his way from small beginnings, for when he 
arrived in the then town of Southport he had only $2.50 in cash, and his cap- 
ital when he took the store was but $200, though he had a good name ancP 
credit from which none of his subsequent dealings have detracted. 

HON. JOHN T. WENTWORTH (deceased) was one of the self-made 
men of his day and for years was a prominent citizen of Racine. He was 
born March 30, 1820, in Saratoga County, New York, a son of John and 
Mary (Brown) Wentworth. 

The Wentworth family is of English extraction. About, the middle 
of the seventeenth century, one William Wentworth came from England to 
America and established his home in New Hampshire. Among his distin- 
guished descendants were John Wentworth, who became governor of New 
Hampshire, and another John, of a later generation, who was one of the 
early settlers and liberal patrons of Chicago, Illinois. 

John Wentworth, father of Judge Wentworth, was born in New Hamp- 
shire, and married Mary Brown of Rhode Island. He died in Sarato'ga 
County, N. Y.. when the late Judge Wentworth, the youngest member of his 
family of five children, was but two years of age. 

The late Judge John T. Wentworth was given liberal educational ad- 
vantages and he graduated in the class of 1846 at Union College, Schenec- 
tady, N. Y., one of a brilliant coterie of distinguished men. He then began 
the reading of law with William A. Beach, at Saratoga Springs, and was 
admitted to the Bar in 1850, and began the practice of his profession at this 
point. After two years he went as far west as Chicago, where he engaged in 
practice until 1856, when he removed to Geneva Lake, Walworth Co., Wis., 
where in the following year he was elected district attorney and re-elected 
in 1859. In 1870 he was made clerk of the circuit court, and held the posi- 
tion for five years, and while still officiating as such, was elected circuit judge 
to fill a vacancy of two and a half years. When this period had expired he 
was elected to the office, and he continued to serve until 1884, his circuit in- 
cluding Walworth, Kenosha and Racine counties. In 1877 Judge Went- 
worth had removed to Racine, and his death occurred in the familv home 
in that city. For ten years he served as circuit court commissioner, and for 
an extended period as United States court commissioner. 

Judge Wentworth was married Oct. 4, 1852, in Saratoga county, N. Y., 
to Miss Frances McDonnell, of Saratoga county, and they had children as 
follows : John T., a graduate of Yale and a prominent attorney at Racine : 
Thomas M., who died in April, 1882: Mary; and Jane, who is the wife of 
J. Pinto, consul at Brussels from Cuba. 

Judge Wentworth was a member of the Presbyterian Church, as are the 
other members of his family. His political affiliation was with the Repub- 
lican party. Fraternally he was a Knight Templar Mason, belonging to 
Geneva Lodge, of wdiich he was master: Geneva Chapter, of which he was 
high priest, and Racine Commandery, No. 7. In 1865 he was elected grand 


master of the State, and two years prior to this had been grand senior warden. 
He was also an honored member of the Wisconsin Bar Association. 

HON. PHILO BELDEN. The late Senator Philo Belden, one of the 
earliest pioneers and universally respected citizens of Racine county, Wis., 
was born Oct. 22, 181 5, at Canaan, Litchfield Co., Conn., son of Jonathan 
and Love (Dean) Belden. 

In the spring of 1838 he came to the Territory of Wisconsin, locating 
at Rochester. Racine county. He returned to Indiana in the following year 
and was there married, June 6, 1839, to Mary F. Belden, born Sept. 23, 1818, 
daughter of Henry and Fannie Belden. With his bride Mr. Belden came 
again to Wisconsin and, until his death many years later, he was one of the 
leading men of his community. 

In October, 1839, in company with Martin C. Whitman, Levi Godfrey, 
Obed Hulburd and Hiland Hulburd, Mr. Belden caused to be platted all the 
village property extending on the west side of Fox river, and also all the 
property on the east side south of Main street. In 1840 Mr. Belden built a 
sawmill on the Muskego river, and two years later, with Jeremiah Ford and 
T. E. Green, was interested in the establishment of the town's present water 
power. !Mr. Belden was the builder of the first flouring mill at Rochester, 
of which he was the sole owner until 1846. He was prominent in many of the 
other industries of the place, operating an iron factory and encouraging other 
enterprises new to the region. He brought bricks from the mouth of Root 
river, and built the first brick chimney ever constructed in Rochester. Mr. 
Belden was very public-spirited. When the Fox River Valley railroad was 
first thought of as a possibility, and a company was formed for its construc- 
tion, he was elected president, and contmued as such until unlocked for difli- 
culties arose, over which he had no control, and the scheme was abandoned. 
He lost heavily financially, and was disappointed at the failure of the enter- 
prise which he had encouraged on account of its promised value to this section. 

In his political sympathies he was a Republican and from early man- 
hood had been appointed and elected by his party to responsible ofiices. In 
1852 he was first elected to the State Legislature, was re-elected in 1862 and 
again in 1865. and in 1870 he was elected to the State Senate. In 1884 he 
was appointed by Gov. Rusk to fill the vacancy created by the death of Judge 
Bronson on the County Bench, and in 1885 he was elected for the succeeding 
four years. His service continued until the month of his decease, September, 
1889, he having but a week previously resigned on account of failing healthy 

Judge Belden and wife had four children, viz. : Henry W., of Milwau- 
kee: Edward J., of Stockton, Cal. ; Albert O., of Rochester, Wis.; and Allen 
H., of Rochester. During the Civil war Judge Belden gave support and en- 
couragement to the L^nion cause not only with voice and pen. but saw three 
of his beloved sons enter the army and encouraged them for their patriotism. 
The death of this statesman, jurist and loyal citizen removed from Racine 
county one of its notable men, one whose name is identified with much that 
has made it great. 

ERNST J. HUEFFNER, president of the Manufacturers" National 
Bank, is one of the most prominent citizens and enterprising business men 


of Racine. He was born in Forste, Prussia, Germany, Feb. 15, 1838, son of 
Ernst C. and Julia (Klinkmueller) Hueffner, natives of Germany. The 
grandparents, both paternal and maternal, died in Germany. 

Ernst C. Hueffner always followed the tanning business, operating a 
tannery in his native country, and, on coming to America, in 1848^ located 
a tannery at Racine. He died here in 187 1, aged sixty-three years, while his 
widow survived until 1880, being seventy-one years old at the time of her 
death. Both were members of the Lutheran Church. Mr. Hueffner was one 
of Racine's early aldermen. He and his wife had seven children, two of 
whom still survive: Ernst J. and Bertha A., the latter the widow of August 
Frank, of Milwaukee. 

Ernst J. Hueft'ner was ten years old when brought to America bv his 
parents. His early schooling was obtained in Germany, and he attended the 
public schools in Racine for a time. Here he grew to manhood, helping his 
father in the tannery and later in the leather and shoe finding business, and 
on his father's retirement he became his successor, and has since continued in 
that business. He has been a stockholder in the Manufacturers' National 
Bank since its organization, and in January, 1904, was made president of 
that institution, a position he still holds. 

In 1868 Mr. Hueffner married Miss Martha A. J. Kuehne, daughter of 
Henry and Caroline (Voelz) Kuehne, and nine children have been born to 
this union, seven now living : Julia, who married August C. Frank, of Racine ; 
Ernest C, assistant cashier in the Manufacturers" National Bank, who mar- 
ried Miss Lillian Cook, of New York; Bertha, who married A. J. Horlick; 
Alfred, a clerk for his father in the leather business, as is also Otto ; and 
Frederick and Martin, who are attending the State University, at Madison. 
Mr. Hueffner is a member of the Lutheran Church. Politically he is in- 
dependent, and he served as alderman for several terms, and as mavor in 

ROBERT HALL BAKER (deceased). The death of Robert Hall 
Baker, which occurred at his beautiful home in the city of Racine, Wis., 
removed a man who was noted not only for his business success, but for those 
high ideals of business honor which won for him the esteem of those with 
whom his many important enterprises brought him closely in contact. 

Mr. Baker was born June 27, 1839, at Lake Geneva, Walworth Co., 
Wis., and died Oct. 5, 1882. His parents were Charles M._and Martha L. 
Baker, natives of Larrabee Point. Vt., who were early settlers in Wisconsin. 
Mr. Baker completed the common school course in his own neighborhood and 
then entered Beloit College. In March, 1856. he came to Racine. Wis., and 
for several years was a clerk in a hardware store. In i860 he became general 
bookkeeper and accountant with J. I. Case, and in 1863 purchased a fourth 
interest in the manufacturing business and was one of the incorporators of 
the J. I. Case Threshing Machine Company. Besides his interest in and 
conijection with this great enterprise, Mr. Baker was interested in many 
others in the State of Wisconsin. He was a large stockholder in the Manufac- 
turers' National Bank of Racine; of the First National Bank of Crookston. 
Minn. ; and in the First National Bank of Burlington, Wis. ; a director of the 


Racine Hardware Manufacturing Company; and of the National Iron Co., of 
DePere, Wis. ; and president of the Hampton Coal Mining Company. 

Mr. Baker was always a zealous supporter of the Republican party and 
a defender of its principles. In 1867 he was elected school comniissioner ; 
in 1865 and 1868 was elected an alderman and re-elected to this office in 
1871 ; in the year succeeding he was elected to the Wisconsin State Senate; 
in 1873 ^""^ ^^'^^ ^^^^ Republican candidate for lieutenant-governor; in 1874 
he was chosen mayor of Racine; in 1875 ^"'J '" 1876 he again served in the 
State Senate. During the campaign of Garfield, Mr. Baker was chairman of 
the Republican State Central Committee, a position he held at the time of his 
death, and he was also chairman of the delegation to the National Repub- 
lican Convention that nominated Mr. Garfield. During this campaign he was 
so active that his health became impaired. Subsequently he was ofiiered 
important positions under the Government, but refused all with the exception 
of Government director of the Union Pacific Railroad, which at that time 
was in the beginning of its reconstruction period. This position of respon- 
siljility he held until the end of his life. 

Mr. Baker's superior executive ability, extensive acquaintance, comjjined 
with his prominent position in his State, influenced his appointment in the 
representation of the State of Wisconsin at the Centennial Exposition in 
1876. He was made a sub-committee to supervise and arrange the exhibits 
of agricultural machinery and implements and the care which he gave to this 
commission resulted in the notable display offered. Through his instru- 
mentality Racine was specially represented in the art department of that 
exposition. In 1878 Mr. Baker was sent as Wisconsin's representative to 
the Exposition Universal at Paris. 

On Dec. 20, 1859, Mr. Baker was united in marriage with Miss Emily 
M. Carswell, daughter of John S. Carswell, formerly sheriff of the county. 
To this union were born four sons and one daughter, viz. : George C. ; Edward 
L. ; Robert H. ; Charles H. ; and Mary Louise, who is the wife of Clarence T- 
Richards, a prominent attorney-at-law^ at Racine. 

The funeral of Mr. Baker was a very impressive one and was conducteil 
under the auspices of the Episcopal Church of which he was a consistent 
member, and of the Masonic fraternity in which he was a Knight Templar. 
A few lines may be appropriately quoted from the beautiful sermon of the 
Rev. Dr. Corwin, of Racine, on this occasion, as follows : 

"Of no man in the community cculd it be said that his friendships were 
.so numerous or so wiile-reachins:, including those of every class, creed and 
condition. This arose not from the lack of positivity of manner or of opinion, 
but was the natural outcome of his whole-souled manners, his personrd can- 
dor and quick appreciation of what was worthy or winning in all classes. 
This vast concourse of sincere mourners is a sincere tribute not to wenlth but 
to worth. Of magnetic temperament he made fast friends and made them 
just as readily when he was comparatively noor as when diligence was 
crowned with affluence. His was not a cold and neutral nature. I have often 
noticed the cmickness of his svmpathy when the weak and helpless were 
wrone'ed. and the lieat of his in'ho-n^tion when some meanness wns meditated 
toward those whose worth he highlv esteemed. He had large plans for the 


improvement of the city where he dwelt, which his deatli must delay, if not 
wholly thwart, and was not backward in affording- the Church of Christ 
financial support." 

Appropriate resolutions were adoptetl by the various business and fra- 
ternal bodies with which he had been connected. At a bank meetin.s;' which 
was presided over by President J. I. Case, the late Judge Allen s))oke as 
follows : 

"Few men possessed the rare qualities of a banker equal to Mr. Baker, 
which always led to success. His mind had a powerful intuition as well as 
great powers of analyzing, enabling him at a glance to separate the spurious 
from the genuine, so that he was seldom, if ever, deceived. His long ex- 
perience with business transactions of great magnitude, to the smallest detail 
thereof had so developed his mental powers as a banker and as a business man 
that it may be said of him with truthfulness that he had attained the eminence 
that raised him among the most elevated of business men, and as he went 
up, he took his integrity with him, a quality he never surrendered and which 
has never been questioned. While Mr. Baker was an ambitious man, he loved 
justice more than money. His' word or obligation was never broken but 
faithfully kept and maintained. He religiously believed in the divinitv of a 
man's word and contract, and if not kept and maintained, mankind must 
go back to barbarism. While I speak of him as a banker and business man, 
I may justly add that he was equally so as a gentleman, and none are more 
willing to bear witness of the fact than the Board of Directors of the bank 
as well as its employes. 

"Mr. Baker was a kind man, whether in business or out of it. he was 
ever the same genial gentleman. He was free from mif¥s and resentments 
without a good cause, and never with a revengful spirit. He regarded that 
the fairest action of man was scorning to revenge an injury. By the death of 
Mr. Baker, it is not the bank alone that has met with a loss, but the Nation. 
Mr. Baker, by instinct and education, was a statesman, ranking with the most 
eminent. He had clear and comprehensive views of national affairs, and his 
influence was felt outside the bounds of his native State, where he was so 
favorably known. He took a deep interest in all public affairs for the 
county's good, and to this end it may be said that he was generous with his 
monev and labor to accomplish, at the same time without anv sinister motive. 

"It is true that Mr. Baker has left us to return not, but he has not left 
us comfortless. He left his good character with us, a legacy above all price, 
on which there is not a spot or blemish ; it belongs to his family and the pub- 
lic in common. Indeed the loss of Robert H. Baker reaches far and wide, 
the people mourn it as a calamity, and well may they, for Mr. Baker was a 
benefactor; the world was made better and people have been iDlessed for his 
having lived in it. We all deplore his death. He was entirelv free from 
ostentation, and mingled with his fellow citizens as one of them, apparently 
unconscious of his superiority. But it was in his home, surrounded bv his 
family and friends, if any olace more than another, he excelled. He was a 
kind, affectionate, appreciative husband; equally so as a father, and had a 
fpculty in receiving and entertaining his friends in a Avav that endeared them 
all to him. Indeed, he was a general favorite everywhere and had the love 


and confidence of all who knew him. He was the same courtly gentleman 
to all classes, the poor as well as the rich, and was equally approachable by 
all, and none now speak of him except to praise." 

After the closing of the church service at St. Luke's Church, Racine, 
Rev. Arthur Piper, rector, reciting the impressive service of that church, the 
funeral was taken charge of by the Knight Templar Masons of Racine Com- 
niandery, and the procession was formed on Main street, in the following 
order : Garfield Guards, Light Guards, employes of the J. I. Case Threshing 
Machine Company, Fire Department, Racine Club, Racine Lodge, No. i8, 
A. F. & A. M., Belle City Lodge, No. 92, Racine Commandery No. 7, Knights 
Templar, Wisconsin Commandery, No. i, Consistory No. i, of Milwaukee. 
Then came the heavily draped hearse with its guard of honor, followed by 
the family, the city council and a long line of carriages filled with citizens who 
desired in this way to show respect for one who was so universally mourned. 
The body was consigned to the dust with Masonic rites, Prelate Arthur Piper 
officiating. Had a longer life been vouchsafed to Mr. Baker he might have 
risen still higher in the halls of fame but he could not have achieved more 
entirely a lasting remembrance in the hearts o'f his fellow citizens. 

NATHAN R. ALLEN (deceased) was the first sheriff of Kenosha 
county, the builder of the first frame structure erected in the city, for many 
years the proprietor of an extensive tannery, and stands in the local annals as 
among the earliest and most respected pioneers of Kenosha. His sons, Charles 
W. and Nathan Allen, have continued his business under the firm name of N. 
R. Allen & Sons. 

Nathan R. Allen was born in Granby, Oswego Co., N. Y., Feb. 3, 1812, 
being the son of Zodac and Esther (Blake) Allen. The father, of Scotch- 
Irish ancestry, was a native of Connecticut, bvit migrated to New York and 
located at Granby Center, near Fulton, where he engaged in farming until his 
death, at an advanced age, in the year 1837. His wife, who died while still 
young, bore him a large family. Nathan R. Allen was reared on his father's 
farm, acquired as good an education as the schools of the time afforded, and for 
several winter terms was a teacher himself. In the summer of 1835 he mi- 
grated to the West, settling at Pike's Creek, afterward called Soutliport and 
finally Kenosha. 

When he first settled at what is now the city of Kenosha, Mr. Allen took 
charge of a small store for William Bullen, besides turning his industrious and 
ingenious hand to such various occupations as wood-chopping, lathing and 
building. As stated he erected the first frame structure of the settlement and 
afterward superintended the building of many others. For a number of years 
he was the owner of the largest building in the city, in which were installed all 
of the municipal offices. Upon the organization of Kenosha countv he was 
elected its sheriff and after serving out his term engaged for a time in the 
lumber business. 

In 1856, with Levi Grant as a partner, Mr. Allen opened a small tannery 
on the site of the present large establishment. The business gradually in- 
creased until it became one of the most prominent industries of Kenosha. On 
Feb. 2, i8go. the tannerv was destroyed bv fire, but a new and larger iilant was 



promptly erected and tlie liusiness was continued witli its old-time prosperity. 
In the meantime Mr. Cirant had retired and Mr. Allen's two sons, Charles W. 
and Nathan, had been admitted to the hrm. 

On Oct. 25, 1843, Nathan R. Allen was married to Miss Mary Hale, of 
Paris Hill, N. Y., the American branch of whose family is traced to the seven- 
teenth century, when Richard Hale emigrated from England and settled in 
Connecticut. Samuel Hale, father of Mary (Hale) Allen, a native of New 
York, engaged in farming at Paris Hill, and died at the age of over seventy 
years, his wife, Hannah (Munson) Hale, passing away at about the same age. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Nathan R. Allen were born nine children, of whom the fol- 
lowing four are living: Charles W., Nathan, Julia, and Clara A. (Mrs. 
Charles E. Arnold, of Milwaukee). The father passed away April 15, 1890, 
but his wife is still living, in her eighty-seventh year. Neither were members 
of any church, but were constant attendants of the Congregational services. 
In this connection it should be stated that Mr. Allen assisted in building the 
first sacred edifice ever erected in Kenosha. In early manhood the deceased 
was an Abolitionist, during the Civil war was a Republican, and afterward 
became a Democrat. 

Charles W. Allen, now the senior partner in the firm of N. R. Allen & 
Sons, was born in Kenosha, was educated in its public schools, and in 1870 was 
admitted to partnership with his father under the iirm name of N. R. Allen & 
Son. About ten years later, by the admission of his brother Nathan, the style 
became N. R. Allen & Sons, which it retained after the death of the founder 
of the business in 1890. In the various operations of the industry one thou- 
sand persons are employed, and the products of the establishment are shipped 
to all parts of the world. 

Charles W. Allen was married on April 4, 1878, to Miss Ella F. French, 
daughter of Alvin and Nancy (Stevens) French, the former of whom settled 
some three miles from Kenosha as early as 1835. Mr. and Mrs. Allen are the 
parents of three children, namely: Charles C, who married Miss Susan 
Swandale, of Greenville, S. C, and has one son, Charles W. ; Robert W. ; and 
Gertrude E. The family resides at No. 431 Chicago street. Mr. Allen stands 
high in both the social and business circles of Kenosha. In politics he is a 

Nathan Allen, brother and partner of Charles W., was born in Keno- 
sha, and on Feb. 17, 1892, married Miss Ellen Jebb, of Waukegan, by whom 
he has had three children, Margaret J., Francis J. and Nathan R. 

FRANK KELLOGG BULL, who fills the important position of presi- 
dent of the J. I. Case Threshing Machine Co., Racine, Wis., is by virtue of 
that connection alone one of the city's most prominent and influential citi- 
zens. The concern, being one of the most important of its kind in the world, 
confers untold benefits upon the city in which it is located; and the heads 
are responsible in more than a business sense. His father has been a resident 
of Racine for almost fifty years and a member of the firm for over forty years, 
and Frank K. Bull has been identified with the business since he was nineteen, 
ever since he left school. 

Mr. Bull was born ]\Iay 7, 1857, at Spring Prairie, Walworth Co., Wis., 


son of Stephen and Ellen C. (Kellogg) Bull, who in that year came to Racine 
to make a permanent home here. The family is of New England origin, our 
subject being of "Mayflower'' descent in one line. DeGrove and Amanda M. 
(Crosby) Bull, who were the paternal grandparents of Frank K., were 
the first of this family that came to Wisconsin, and they passed the remainder 
of their lives as farming people in Raymond township, Racine county, both 
living- to advanced age. 

Stephen Bull was born March 14, 1822, in Scipio, Cayuga Co., N. Y., 
and though now past eighty-four is still vigorous in mind and body. How- 
ever, he has retired from active business pursuits. Like many of the most 
successful men of his day he has been self-made, having had few opportun- 
ities in his youth. He received his education in the subscription schools of 
his boyhood, and worked on a farm until he was eighteen, beginning farm 
work when he was only ten. Then he clerked in a grocery store in New York 
City for a time, and in 1845 came to Wisconsin, at that time locating in Ra- 
cine for a year. He next went to Spring Prairie, Walworth county, where 
lie conducted a general store for about ten years, until his return to Racine, 
in 1857, wdien he went to work for his brother-in-law, J. I. Case, with whom 
he entered into partnership in 1863. They continued together until Mr. Case 
died, after which Mr. Bull became president of the firm, then known as the 
J. I. Case Threshing Machine Co. He held the position until 1897, since 
which year his son Frank K. has been the head of that immense concern. 
During all of these years he has been one of the most important figures in the 
business life of Wisconsin. Since 1872 he has been a stockholder in the Man- 
ufacturers' National Bank of Racine, of which Mr. Case was the first pres- 
ident, Mr. M. B. Erskine the second, and Stephen Bull the third. Mr. Bull 
resigned Jan. i, 1904. 

On June 7, 1849, Mr. Bull was married to Miss Ellen C. Kellogg, who 
died March 27, 1880, the mother of seven children, namely: A son who died 
when three months old; Ida R., wife of H. W. Conger, of San Francisco, 
Cal.; Frank K. ; Jeanette, wife of Richard T. Robinson, of Racine; Lillian 
M., married to Frederick Robinson; Herbert, who died wdien twenty-three 
years old; and Bessie M., wife of A. Arthur Guilbert. 

Frank K. Bull was brought to Racine when three months old, and he has 
resided here ever since. He attended the public schools and later for six years 
was a student in Racine College, and then he started to work in the factory. 
He was under the immediate supervision of Mr. R. H. Baker, who entered 
the firm at the same time as his father, and under him worked through the 
clerical and mechanical departments, learning the business from beginning to 
end. In 1881, the year after the organization of the J. I. Case Threshing 
Machine Company, Mr. Bull succeeded Mr. Baker as secretary-treasurer of 
the company, Mr. Baker retiring on account of illness. He continued as such 
for over fifteen years, until 1897, in wdiich year his father retired from tlie 
presidency. Frank K. Bull has since held that position, Mr. Frederick Rob- 
inson being vice-president, Mr. Richard T. Robinson secretarv, and Mr. 
Charles L. Mcintosh treasurer. 

The institution gives employment to from T,6oo to 2,000 employes, and 
the product finds ready sale all over the LTnited States, Canada, Europe and 


South America. The great growth of the business in the last two years is 
clue largely to the inuividual efforts and foresight of Mr. Erank K. Bull. 
Though he commenced his business career with unusual opportunities, he 
nevertheless has been obliged to sustain a difficult role, for the responsibilities 
placed upon him have required great ability, and no amount of prestige would 
have compensated for lack of energy or executive force. His predecessors in 
his present position were men of remarkable strength, and to maintain their 
standards and continue to progress within reason requires a breadth of judg- 
ment and a measure of farsighteil enterprise which few possess. Mr. Bull has 
interested himself in other important concerns, being president of the Belle 
City Manufacturing Company (of which he was one of the incorpor- 
ators), a director of the Mihvaukee Harvesting Company and a director of 
the Manufacturers' National Bank of Racine. Throughout his business 
career his affairs have been conducted with the strictest honesty and fairness, 
and to-day there is none who enjoys the confidence and resi)ect of his fellow 
citizens to a greater extent. 

Mr. Bull was married Sept. 16, 1880, in Milwaukee, to Miss H. Belle 
Jones, a native of that city, daughter of Louis Emery Jones and w'ife (whose 
maiden name was Bliss). To this union two children have been born, 
Stephen and Jeanette. Mr. and Mrs. Bull are members of the Episcopal 
Church, and he was one of the originators, and for some time a member, of 
the surpliced choir at St. Luke's. Politically he is a Republican, and a member 
of the Union League Club of New York, but he is not a politician, though he 
takes an intelligent interest in political questions and party issues. He also 
belongs to the Milwaukee Club, the Chicago Athletic Association and the 
Racine Club. 

Mr. Bull's fine residence is located at No. 1121 Main street, and he has 
a beautiful winter home at Camden, S. C, where he owns the Camden 
Water, Ice & Light Company. 

ANDREW J. PIERCE, president and treasurer of the Pierce Eneine 
Company, of Racine, Wis., has the distinction of having manufactured one 
of the first automobiles in the State of Wisconsin. He was born in Rochester, 
N. Y., Jan. 11, i8s9, son of Andrew T- and Abigail Pierce, natives of New 

Jeremiah Pierce, his grandfather, was a native of Vermont, and ran a line 
of packet boats on the Erie Canal. During the war of 1812 he was an officer, 
and in 1849 he went to California, and was never again heard from. The 
father of our subject was a baker of Canandaigua and later of Rochester, N. 
Y., wfhere he died in 1865, aged thirty-eight years. He married Abigail 
Koonradth, who still survives. The Koonradth familv was of Holland- 
Dutch descent, and was founded in this countrv on Manhattan Island, later 
settling in the Afohawk Valley. The maternal grandfather of Mr. Pierce 
was a native of New York and was a bridge builder by trade, building all of 
the important bridges on the Rome and Watertown Railroad, and many on 
the New York Central. He died at an advanced age. Three children were 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Pierce : George Lester, of Rochester, N. Y. ; Andrew 
J., of Racine; and Alfred of Racine, Wisconsin. 


Andrew J. Pierce, our subject, was reared in Rochester, X. Y.. and 
there attended the public schools. After graduating from the high school 
he began learning the machinist's trade, which he followed as a journeyman 
about eighteen years. In 1887 he came to Racine, and went to work for the 
Racine Hardware Company. In 1893 he started in business on his own ac- 
count in the manufacture of gas and gasoline engines, marine motors, includ- 
ing launches and launch engines ; that same year he also commenced manu- 
facturing automobiles and automobile machinery on a small scale. The busi- 
ness was originally started at the corner of Racine and Sixteenth streets., he 
purchasing his present location, Twenty-Second and Racine streets, in the fall 
of 1898. Here he erected three buildings, and now has ten buildiygs and 
departments, in which an average of 130 men are employed. Nineteen years 
manufacturing gas and gasoline engines, and with more than 8000 Pierce 
motors, aggregating over 50,000 horsei30wer, doing business in all parts of 
the world, bespeak attention for the company's method of building, which 
includes all that is modern and up to the very latest and best practice. Their 
present shop capacity averages 3000 motors a year. They manufacture almost 
every part of their car from the raw material, having their own foundry, 
blacksmith and machine shops, wood and upholstery departments, buying 
only such standard parts as wheels, tires, springs, roller bearings, chains and 
a few forgings. Their product is a strictly high-grade, up-to-date and reliable 

^Ir. Pierce was married ]\Iay 5, 1887, to Miss Katherine ]\Iatthewson, 
daughter of Andrew J. and Rosella (Place) Matthewson, natives of Vermont. 
Mr. Pierce is an -Odd Fellow, having joined that order when twentv-one 
years old. He also belongs to the Royal Arcanum. Politicallv he is inde- 
pendent. He lives at Xo. 1742 College avenue, where he built a fine home 
in 1893. 

REV. HENRY DOUGLAS ROBINSON, D. D.. who has held the 
position of warden of Racine College. Racine, Wis., since 1900, is a native of 
Massachusetts. He is the son of Alexander Douglas Robinson and Clara 
(Boate) Robinson, natives of Ireland. 

Dr. Robinson was nine years old when he came to Racine. He attended 
the public and preparatory schools. He graduated in the Classical course of 
Racine College in 1884, and was then for one year assistant rector of the 
grammar school of that institution. The following year he accepted the posi- 
tion of instructor in mathematics in St. Matthew's Military Academv, San 
Mateo, Cal., where he remained until 1889. In that vear he became rector of 
the grammar school of Racine College, which position he held until 1900, when 
he was made warden. He has held that office ever since. The school now has 
an average attendance of between one hundred and sixty and one hundred and 
seventy pupils. 

Dr. Robinson was married on July 13. 1889. to Miss Florence Bruce, 
daughter of Frederick and Anna Mead Bruce. Dr. and Airs. Robinson are 
members of the Episcopal Church, and he is rector of St. John's Collegiate 


TAJvIES GILBERT CHANDLER, senior member of the well-known 
firm "of Chandler & Park, architects, of Racine, Wis., was born in the town of 
Success, New Hampshire, Aug. 4, 1856, son of Milton Walker and Sarah 
(Grover) Chandler. 

Mr. Chandler's paternal grandfather was of English descent and a native 
of New Hampshire. He carried on farming and lumbering, and died in New 
Hampshire aged sixty-two years. His wife, Betsy (Leary) Chandler, died 
aged ninety-six years. Milton Walker Chandler, our subject's father, was 
born June 26. 1825, followed his father's vocation of lumbering in early man- 
hood, and in 1861 located in Goodhue county, Minn., following farming until 
1888. In that year he moved to Appleton, Minn., where he lived retired 
until his death. Sept. 11. 1896, at the age of seventy-one years; his wife was 
born Nov. 10, 1822, in Bethel, Maine, and died in Appleton, IMinn., Dec. 25. 
1891. They were members of the Congregational Church. They were mar- 
ried Jan. 18, 1853, and had four children : Harry, of Appleton, Minn. ; James 
G., of Racine; Frank R., of Dawson City, Alaska; and Leon A., of Almont, 

James G. Chandler was five years okl when he came to Minnesota with 
his parents, and there grew to manhood on a farm. He attended the district 
schools and high school and learned the carpenter's trade, to which he served 
a three years' apprenticeship; and then served a three years' apprenticeship 
to architecture in Madison, Wis. He located in Racine in 1879 and that city 
has been his home ever since. Here he was married Aug. 19. 1885, to Miss 
Frances Evans, daughter of David R. Evans, and to this union were Ixirn 
four children : Edith. Lucille. Milton and David. Mrs. Chandler is a member 
of the Presbyterian Church; she was born in Cambria, Wis., Jan. 6, i860, of 
Welsh parentage. Her father was born in Denbighshire. Wales, Dec. 23, 
1827; came to America in 1846, and located in Columbia county. Wis.; he 
moved to Racine in 1848. By trade he was a carpenter, but he follpwed a 
mercantile business. He w-ent to California in 1849, returned from there, and 
was married in Racine to Miss Frances Howell Feb. 5, 1859. Mrs. Evans 
was born in Montgomeryshire, Wales, Feb. 2, 1836, and came to America in 
1846, living in Ohio up to the time of her marriage. Mr. and Mrs. Evans had 
four children: Frances (wife of James G. Chandler), Emma J., Howell 
Edwin, and Newton David. Mr. and Mrs. Evans and all their children are 
alive at this writing. 

Mr. Chandler has designed most of the principal buildings in Racine 
since his location there, and at this writing is making a specialty of school 
buildings, having designed many throughout this and neighboring States. 
Politically he is a Republican. His residence, at No. 803 Lake avenue, he 
erected in 1889. He also owns other real estate. 

BYRON BOOTH NORTHROP. The history of any community, like 
the history of a country, is best shown in the record of the lives of its people. 
Among the men of character comprising the better element in the city of 
Racine there are none perhaps whose daily life and conversation are more 
worthy of mention than the respected gentleman whose name heads this brief 


biographical sketch. He may well be called a pioneer of Racine county, hav- 
ing tirst come here in 1842, in the days when Vv'isconsin was still a Territory 
and before a harbor was secured. All but a few years of his business life 
have been spent in Racine, where for over forty-six years he has been promi- 
nent in financial affairs, especially as cashier of the Manufacturers" National 
Bank, which has grown into the largest and strongest financial institution 
in Racine. 

Byron Booth Northrop was born Oct. 2, 1830, in Gahvay, Saratoga Co., 
N. Y., the youngest son of Dr. Booth Northrop. The father was a skillful 
and unusrvally popular physician of the Allopathic school, and so devoted to 
his professional duties that his death, which occurred in Aledina, N. Y., at the 
comparatively early age of forty-nine, was the result of overwork. Byron 
Booth Northrop was quite young when his parents moved to Canandaigua, 
Ontario Co., N. Y., and thence to Medina, and he was only six years old 
when his father died. He received an excellent foundation for his literary 
education at Yates Academy, in Orleans county. In 1842, in his twelfth year, 
he came to Wisconsin to live for a time with his sister, Mrs. Hiland S. Hul- 
burd, at Rochester, Racine county, and for a year or so attended school in 
that village. After that for several years he made his home with his eldest 
brother. Rev. Henry H. Northrop, at Homer, Mich., during- which time he 
was a student at the Wescott Academy, in Homer, Calhoun Co.. Mich. 
Returning to Medina, N. Y., he prepared for college under the instruction of 
Daniel W. Fish, A. M., a scholar and educator of national renown, particu- 
larly as the author of Fish's Arithmetics and the reviser of Robinson's Series 
of Mathematics. In 1847 ^^^- Northrop matriculated at the Universitv of 
Michigan, in Ann Arbor, taking the classical course, and graduated with the 
degree of A. B. in 1855, when Henry P. Tappen. LL. D., was president. In 
1877, under the presidency of James B. Angell, LL. D., the degree of A. M. 
was conferred upon him. Following his graduation he was engaged for a 
few years in work that gave him the opportunity to use the knowledge he 
had been acquiring while gaining needed business experience, being employed 
by the publishing house of A. S. Barnes & Co., of New York, as general agent 
in Michigan and Wisconsin to introduce their publications properly to educa- 
tors and professional men in those States. 

In 1859 he came to Racine, where he has ever since remained. In that 
year he formed a partnership with his second brother, George C. Northrop, 
establishing the bank of B. B. Northrop & Co. This institution continued 
in successful business until March, 1871. Upon the organization of the 
Manufacturers National Bank it was merged in the new institution of which 
Mr. Northrop has ever since been cashier. He has also been for thirtv-five 
years one of the directors of the bank, and its sound financial policy and high 
standing are due in no small degree to liis faithful care and conservative 
though progressive methods. His energies in a business wav have been 
concentrated chiefly upon the affairs of the bank. 

Though without political ambition Mr. Northrop has occupied a number 
of important positions in the public service. He is strictly a business man, 
and perhaps for that very reason has taken a patriotic interest in the proper 


administration of civic affairs. Thus he has taken an active part in the direc- 
tion of pubHc educational matters. ,\t the charter election of 1878 he was 
elected school commissioner from the Second ward, and upon the organization 
of the school board was elected president of the board of education. In 1887 
he again became school commissioner from the Second ward by appointment 
of Mayor D. A. Olin, and was made chairman of the finance committee of the 
school board by President J. B. Quarles. In 1888 he was elected to the 
presidency of the school board, and subsequently re-elected, serving four 
years in that honorable and important position. 

In the spring of 1877 Mr. Northrop was the Republican candidate for 
mayor of Racine, but failed of an election. In the fall of the same year 
he was sent as a delegate to the State convention of his party held at Madison 
and was given a place on the committee on resolutions. In 1885 he was elected 
an alderman from the Second ward, and during his two years' connection 
with the city council was honored with the chairmanship of the Finance com- 
mittee (Hon. Joseph Miller, the mayor, making the appointments) and also 
acted on the three most important special committees of the council — those 
on Revision of the City Charter, Lake Shore Protection and Water Works. 

Mr. Northrop has witnessed marvelous changes in the city since his first 
arrival here, in 1842. At that time the harbor was not deep enough to permit 
the entrance of large steamers, and he was landed from a small lighter. 
When he came again, in 1859, to embark upon what proved to be a highly, 
successful business career, the city had begun to expand, but all the remarka- 
ble development which has placed this port among the most important on the 
Great Lakes has taken place during his residence here. He has in large meas- 
ure aided in the good work, and is considered one of the most substantial of 
the old-established business men. 

On Jan. 20, 1863, Mr. Northrop was married to Miss Alice Theresa 
Porter, youngest daughter of Allen Porter (now deceased), of Hartford, 
Conn. Three children have been born to this union, Allen Booth Northrop, 
May Northrop (now Mrs. Philip M. Wackerhagen) and George Porter 
Northrop. The sons are conducting the W. A. Porter Furniture Company, 
a business founded by their uncle, William Allen Porter (now deceased). 

Mr. Northrop takes much interest in the Masonic fraternity, having been 
for many years treasurer of Racine Lodge, No. 18, F. & A. M., and in 1905 
was elected treasurer of Racine Commandery, No. 7, Knights Templar. 

He also has the honor of being a member of the Eastern Star ^.nd the 
oldest in membership of Orient Chapter, No. 12, Royal Arch' Masons, 
although there are a few older in years. He has long been an earnest worker 
in the First Presbyterian Church, having joined in 1862, upon confession of 
faith. He is one of the nine elders of that church, and served several vears as 
Sunday-school superintendent. 

Mr. Northrop has lived for the past thirty-three years in the plain sub- 
stantial brick house at what is known as No. 845 Main street, southwest cor- 
ner of Ninth and Main. It has a large lawn in front and a large garden in 
the rear, the lot being 80x240 feet, and the neighbors all agree that Mr. and 
Mrs. Northrop are never so happy as when their grandchildren, Alice Nor- 

34 co:\i:\ie:\iorative biographical record. 

throp Wackerhagen and Edward Northrop Wackerhagen, are having a hoH- 
day frohc or a game of ball on this lawn. 

It seems not inappropriate to add that it is a rare circumstance for the 
same man to occupy the position of cashier in the same bank for the long 
period of thirty-five years. This gives the strongest assurance possible that 
such a man has been faithful in the discharge of his duties, and has secured 
the entire confidence of his associates in business. The Manufacturers' 
National Bank of Racine, of which Mr. Northrop is cashier, has grown from 
a beginning with $100,000 in 1871 until now its resources exceed $2,500,000 
in 1906, and a dividend of 10 per cent, per annum has been paid each year to 
the shareholders upon the capital stock of the bank, which is now a quarter 
of a million dollars. 

FREDERICK ROBINSON. In every community, great or small, there 
are found men who by reason of personal attributes, enterprising spirit and 
natural aliility. ha\-e arisen above their fellows in business, social and public 
life. Racine, Wis., has numerous examples, and one of these is Frederick 
Robinson, vice-president of the J. I. Case Threshing Machine Company. Mr. 
Robinson was born in Kenosha, Wis., Nov. 15, 1862, son of Frederick and 
Ann Maria (Bertholf) Robinson. 

Mr. Robinson was reared in his native town, where he attended the 
public schools, and later Lake Forest Academy. His business, life started in 
the office of the National Vehicle Company, at Racine, as office man, and in 
1887 he went to Denver, where he engaged in the manufacture of architectural 
iron work for several years. In 1896 he returned to Racine and became pur- 
chasing agent for the J- I- Case Threshing Machine Company. In 1897 he 
■was one of the purchasers of the entire stock of the J. I. Case Threshing 
Machine Company. Mr. Frank Bull was made the president ; Mr. Frederick 
Robinson, vice-president: ]\Ir. Richard T. Robinson, secretary, and Mr. 
Charles Mcintosh, treasurer. The J. I. Case Threshing Machine Companv is 
one of the largest threshing machine manufacturing companies in the world, 
and the goods find sale throughout the United States, Canada, Europe and 
South America. 

Mr. Robinson was married in 1887 to Miss Lillian j\l. Bull, daughter of 
Stephen and Ellen C. (Kellogg) Bull, and to this union have been born two 
children : Stephen Bull and Bessie. Mr. Robinson is a man extremely do- 
mestic in his tastes, devoting much of his time to his family and to his home. 
He is a liberal patron of art, having probably the finest collection of oi] paint- 
ings in this part of the State, having selected a number of them with .great 
care in his travels abroad. His home at No. 1012 Main Street also contains 
many interesting curios and valuable bits of art collected in his travels. Mr. 
and Mrs. Robinson are members of the Episcopal Church. ]\Ir. Robinson is 
a trustee of Racine College. Politically he is a Republican, but is too much 
taken up with Inisiness to get into politics. 

EDWARD C. THIERS, secretary and treasurer of N. R. Allen's Sons 
Co., which was incorporated Aug. i, 1905, from N. R. Allen's Sons, with 


whuni he has been associated since 1883, affords another illustration of tlie 
fact that many of Kenosha's most useful citizens are found amon.e;- her native 
sons. The advantages of the place as a convenient manufacturing and ship- 
ping center have attracted outside capital to a degree which has proved of im- 
mense benefit to the city, but the men who have brought their means here to 
multiply have not had to bring talent too. They have found efificient workers 
awaiting their opportunity and ready to grasp it intelligently. 

The Thiers family is of French Huguenot origin, and members thereof 
were settled in New York State in an early day. Mr. Thiers" grandfather was 
born there and passed his life in farming. He and his wife both died in mid- 
dle life. They had a small family, of whom Catherine, Mrs. Van Arsdale, 
died in Kenosha, Wis., and was buried there. 

David Thiers, father of Edward C, was a native of New York State, 
and was reared there on a farm in Orange county. About 1850, when still a 
young man, he came West, first locating in Kenosha for a short time. Then 
he removed to McHenry county, 111., but a few years later returned to Ken- 
osha, where he engaged as clerk for a few years, until he started in business 
for himself as a flour and feed merchant, on the north side of Market Square. 
Some years afterward he removed to Main street, doing business in the John 
Riley building until his death, which occurred in 1875, when he was aged 
fifty-five years. Mr. Thiers was devoted for the most part to liis business 
affairs, but he took interest and pride in the public welfare of his adopted city, 
and he served as school commissioner in the early days. His wife, Louisa K. 
(Capron) Thiers, also a native of New York State, survives him, making her 
home with her daughter in Milwaukee, and though past ninety enjoys good 
health and is quite active for one of her years. Five children were born to 
Mr. and Mrs. Thiers, three sons and two daughters, four of whom survive : 
Herbert M., of Chicago; Emma W., wife of Charles Quarles, of Milwaukee; 
Edward C, of Kenosha; and Louis M., of Kenosha. Both parents united 
with the Congregational Church. 

The Caprons, Mr. Thiers' maternal ancestors, were of English origin, 
and the family in America is descended from Banfield Capron, who came from 
England in the seventeenth century and located in one of the New England 
States. Seth Capron, father of Mrs. Louisa K. (Capron) Thiers, was born 
in Massachusetts, and was a soldier in the Revolutionary war, enlisting at 
Norton. Mass., when he was eighteen years old. He was a small man, and at 
one time served as the cockswain of Gen. Washington's barge. After the 
war he studied medicine, and he was known as Dr. Seth Capron up to the 
close of his long life. He lived at Whitesboro, N. Y., where he enjoyed a 
large practice and died at an advanced age. Dr. Capron married Eunice 
Mann, who was born in 1767. and their family consisted of four sons and one 
daughter. Mrs. Capron reached the age of about eighty-seven years, after 
her husband's death coming to Wisconsin and making her home in Kenosha, 
wliere she passed away. 

Edward C. Thiers was born in Kenosha April 17. 18^6. and received his 
early educational training in its public and high schools, later havins: the ad- 
vantage of three years of study at the Northwestern Lmiversity, at Evanston, 


HI. Returning home after his father's death, he clerked for the tirm of Slos- 
son & O'Brien for a year or two, and then commenced the study of law with 
the firm of J. V. & (J. Quarles. with whom he remained seven years. Mean- 
time, in 1880, he was admitted to the Bar, and he gave his attention whoUy 
to legal practice until the fall of 1883, when he took his present position with 
N. R. Allen's Sons. His long retention in their service is the best testimonial 
of his worth. 

Mr. Thiers was married, May 16, 1885, to Miss Mary Nicoll, whose par- 
ents, John and Helen (Nelson) Nicoll, were born in Scotland. This union has 
been lalessed with one daughter, Helen, who is at present a junior in Vassar 
College. Mrs. Thiers is a member of the Congregational Church, which Mr. 
Thiers also attends, and he belongs to the church society. Fraternally he 
holds membership in Kenosha Lodge, No. 47, F. & A. M. The question of 
public education is considered by him one of the most vital issues which con- 
front municipalities in these modern times, and he shows his interest in his 
service as school commissioner, and president of the board of education ; he 
is also secretary of the board of directors of Gilbert M. Simmons Lijjrary. 
In politics he supports the Republican party, particularly in national issues. 

GEORGE YULE, one of the leading business men of Kenosha, was 
born Aug. 31, 1824, in Rathen, near Fraserburgh, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, 
son of Alexander and Margaret (Leeds) Yule. 

Alexander Yule will be remembered by many of the old residents of 
Kenosha county as one of the early settlers in Somers township, where he 
was a large landowner, and for many years an extensive farmer. Here 
he established a family whose members for over sixty years have been use- 
ful and prominent in the life of the community, diligent in attending to 
their own affairs and active in the promotion and support of worthy public 
enterprises. Several members of the Yule family are now prominent in com- 
mercial circles in Kenosha, connected with the Bain Wagon Company, one 
of the important industrial concerns of the city. The family is of Scotch line- 
age, and Mr. Yule's ancestors came from farming stock of Scotland, where 
his parents lived- and died. 

Alexander Yule was the only one of a small family to come to America. 
He was born in Scotland about 1795 or 1796, and was twice marriejJ, his 
first wife dying in Scotland in the year 1835. By this union he had a 
family of eight children, namely : William, who died in Somers township, 
Kenosha Co., Wis., at the age of seventy-six; James, who died at the age 
of seventy-one, in Millburn, III. ; Alexander, who was a professor in Ireland, 
where he died when a young man ; George, of Kenosha ; Beatrice. Mrs. 
George Smith, of Evanston, 111. ; John T.. of Kenosha, and Cutes and Marv, 
both of whom died in infancy. Mr. Yule's second union, also contracted in 
Scotland, was to Miss Jane Watson, and to this marriage were also born 
eight children, namely : Mary, now the widow of David Heddle, of Somers 
township, Kenosha county; Joseph, of California; Henry, of Seattle. Wash.; 
Anna, of Somers township; Thomas, deceased; Frank, of Somers township; 
Robert, of Chicago, and Edward, of Sergeant Bluff, Iowa. 

U:/J: Bears ^ ^<r 


About 1840 Mr. Yule brought his family to America, coming by way of 
Quebec, and settling in Kenosha county, Wis., near Southport, as Kenosha 
was then known, he bought 257 acres of land in Somers township, which he 
improved and occupied for a number of years. Here he reared his family 
and when the children were grown Mr. Yule sold the property to his sons, 
George and William, while he moved to a small farm in the same section, 
known as "Sunnyside," which was his home until he died, in 1871, aged sev- 
enty-six. His widow lived to be seventy-eight years old, passing away in 
1896. Mr. Yule was a Presbyterian in religious faith. 

George Yule, son of Alexander by his first wife, received all his school- 
ing in his native land, being sixteen years of age when he came to America 
with his father. For three years thereafter he worked on the farm with his 
father, when nineteen entering the employ of Henry Mitchell, a wagonmaker 
of Kenosha, learning the trade and remaining with him until i8s2. After 
the factory passed in that year into the hands of Edward Bain. Mr. Yule 
became superintendent, and occupied that responsible position for thirty years. 
In 1882. when the company was incorporated, Mr. Yule was chosen vice- 
president, continuing to act in that capacity until 1900, since which vear he 
has filled the office of president of the corporation, which bears the title of 
the Bain Wagon Company. \Vhen Mr. Yule was first employed in the 
works everything was done in the place by hand, and his first job was sawing 
out plow-beams. At that time not more than ten or fifteen new wagons a 
year were turned out, together with a small number of plows, the principal 
w'ork being repairing. From that modest beginning the business has grown 
to large proportions, the establishment at present being one of the largest of 
its kind in this section, and about sixteen thousand wagons are manufactured 
annually, employment being given to about four hundred people. The market 
is principally in the West, although the product is known all over the world. 

Personally Mr. Yule deserves all the prosperity he has won. His policy 
has always been that of hard work, and the results in his case justify the 
means. However, he has been fortunate in the possession of good health ; and 
though he has worked one stretch of twenty-five years without a dav's vaca- 
tion he is unusually active for a man past eighty, his appearance being that of 
a man at least fifteen years younger. He has always been content to let his 
work speak for itself, being modest and unassuming in all things. 

On Jan. i, 1848, at Kenosha, was solemnized the marriage of George 
Yule and Miss Catherine Mitchell, who was born in Fifeshire, Scotland, 
daughter of William Mitchell. The family home is at No. ^12 Park avenue. 
Six children were born of this union, namely: Maria, who died in childhood; 
Louise, who married the late \\'i]liam Hall; Ada, who died in childhood; 
George A., mentioned below; William L., connected with the Bain Wagon 
Company, wdio married Miss Esther Elliott, and has one son, George Gordon; 
and Harvey, who died young. Mrs. Catherine Yule is a member of the Bap- 
tist Church, but her husband is not identified with any religious body. Politi- 
cally Mr. Yule was an Abolitionist before the war, when it required men with 
courage to openly advocate such principles, and he was one of six men in 
Kenosha county who were pelted with rotten eggs for voting that ticket. 
Since the w-ar he has been a Republican, and he was the first Republican alder- 


man in Kemjsha to be elected ivum the First ward. However, he has never 
sought pubhc position, giving his services wilhngly to the advancement of the 
general welfare and the encouragement of public utilities, and avoiding the 
limitations of official service. No man in Kenosha realizes more keenly that 
a business man reaps the reward of his activity in furthering the good of his 
community, and while his motives are not selfish he has displayed his good 
judgment as much in this respect as in the direct management of his manu- 
facturing interests. 

Public-spirited in the truest sense of the word, Mr. Yule has been identi- 
fied with the growth of Kenosha from the very early days, and has helped 
financially nearly every important institution in the city. In addition to his 
responsibilities in the Bain Wagon Company he holds the position of vice-presi- 
dent of the First National Bank and also of the North Western Loan & Trust' 
Company. He enjoys a commanding position in both social and business 

George A. Yule, son of George, born in Kenosha June 13, 1838, is 
connected with the Bain Wagon Company in the capacity of superintendent 
and is also president of the Badger Brass Company — the first to manufacture 
the acetylene bicycle and automobile lamps. George A. Yule married Miss 
Harriet Head, daughter of Orson and Mary (Treadwell) Head, and one son 
has been born to their union, William Head Yule. 

JOHN G. MEACHEM, M. D., one of the leading physicians of Racine, 
Wis., resides at No. 745 College avenue. He was born in Genesee countv, N. 
Y., June 10, 1846, son of Dr. John G. and Myraette (Doolittle) Meadiem, 
the former of the County of Somerset, England, and the latter of New York 
State. Our subject had two sisters, both of whom died young. 

Rev. Thomas Meachem, the paternal grandfather of Dr. Meachem, was 
an Episcopal clergyman. He came from the old country with his familv of 
four or five children, and. after locating in New York, was there ordained to 
the ministry. He died at Wethersfield Springs, when about fifty-six years of 
age. and was there buried. His wife, Elizabeth Goldesbrough. was a descend- 
ant of a very fine family and a cousin of Admiral Goldesbrough of the British 
navy, the family has a crest. Mrs. Meachem survi\-ed until her seventieth 
year. They had seven children, one of whom died in England ; the others 
came to .America and grew to maturity, one still living. William, of Racine. 

Reul)en Doolittle, Dr. Meachem's maternal grandfather, moved from 
Washington county, N. Y., and took up land in the Holland Purchase, settling 
at a point which was afterward known as Wethersfield Springs. He came with 
bis two brothers, and opened up a blacksmith shop, clearing their land mean- 
while. Thev later started an ashery and woolen mill, and became wealthv for 
those days. Thither they brought their friends and started a village. Reuben 
Doolittle went West to collect bills from parties who owed him monev, and 
while on a trip to Illinois contracted malarial fever, from which he died in 
Waukegan. There being no burying ground there at that time, he was buried 
in the sand on the beach, but his body was removed a few weeks later to his 
home in Wethersfield Springs, where he was buried. His wife was Sarah 


Rood, of Washington county, N. Y., and she died in Racine aged eighty- 
seven years. They had six children. 

Dr. John G. Meachem, father of our subject, was a physician from young- 
manhood. Coming to America with his parents when a small boy, he grew to 
manhood in eastern central New York, and studied medicine at Geneva, N. 
Y., and at Castleton, \'t. He began practice in Wethersfield Springs, 
Wyoming Co., N. Y., and th.en removed to Linden, Genesee Co., N. Y., and 
later to Warsaw, Wyoming county. Coming to Wisconsin in the fall of 1862, 
he settled at Racine, where he practiced until his death, Feb. i, 1896, when he 
was aged seventy-three years, lacking a few days. His wife still survives, and 
is an Episcopalian, as was her husband. He had a commission in the New 
York State militia, being a surgeon. While in Racine, during the Civil war, 
he was surgeon at Camp Utley, and later became mayor of the city, which 
position he held for three consecutive terms. 

Dr. John G. Meachem lived in New Y'ork State until sixteen years of age, 
and received a common school education there. He attended Warsaw 
Academy, and on accompanying his parents to Wisconsin attended Rush 
Medical College, in Chicago. Graduating therefrom in February, 1865, he 
soon afterward took special courses at Bellevue Hospital, New York City, 
and was graduated there in special lines. He then returned to Racine, where 
he has practiced his profession to the present time. 

On Dec. 20, 1870, Dr. Meachem married Miss Eliza Smith, daughter of 
Eldad and Harriet (L'nderwood) Smith, and two children have been born to 
this union, John G. and Elizabeth. John G. is a physician, being a graduate 
of Racine College and Rush Medical College, Chicago, and of the University 
of the State of New Yoi-k ; he has his headquarters in the office of his father. 
EHzabeth died at the age of six and one-half years. Dr. John G. M_eachem, 
Sr., and his wife are members of the Episcopal Church, of which his father 
was warden for every year during his residence here, most of that time bein_g 
senior warden. The Doctor is a member of the Wisconsin State Medical 
Society, of the Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters and of the American 
Medical Association. Politically he is independent. He has his home and 
also other real estate interests in Racine. 

RICHARD TAYLOR ROBINSON, who has been prominently identi- 
fied with the business interests of Racine, Wis., for a number of years, first 
as a pharmacist, and now as secretary of the J. I. Case Threshing Machine 
Company, was liorn Nov. 22. 1855, in Kenosha, Wis., son of Hon. Frederick 
and Ann Maria (Bertholf) Robinson, natives of Chyrch Stretton, Shrop- 
shire, England. 

He was reared in Kenosha, where he attended the public schools, supple- 
menting this with a literary course at the University of INIichigan to the junior 
year, then taking a pharmaceutical course from which he was graduated with 
the class of 1879. In September, of the same year, he located in Racine, pur- 
chased a stock of drugs, and carried on business for some years, adding to his 
stock until he had one of the best establishments of the kind in the country, 
and also laid the foundation for the most successful drug business in the State, 
now known as tlie Kradwell Drug Company, with which he continued until 


1895. In 1895, when he left the drug business, he became connected with the 
Commercial Savings Bank, as president. In 1897. in company with Frank 
K. Bull, Frederick Robinson and C. L. Mcintosh, Mr. Robinson was one of 
the purchasers of the entire stock of the J. I. Case Threshing "Machine Com- 
pany, of which company he has since been the secretary. 

On Feb. 17, 1884, in Racine, Mr. Robinson married Jeanette Bull, 
daughter of Stephen and Ellen (Kellogg) Bull, and to this union two children 
have been born: Richard T., Jr., and Katharine. Mr. and Mrs. Robinson aje 
communicants of the Episcopal Church. Politically he is independent, and 
has never interested himself largely in party matters. Mr. Robinson is one of 
the prominent business men of Racine, and has always been interested in the 
improvement and development of the city. His steadfast adherence to high 
principles has caused him to be esteemed by all who know him. 

HON. ADAM APPLE, who died at North Cape, Norway township, on 
the 19th of April, 1905, during his noteworthy career of half a century in 
Racine countv was first a pioneer, and finally an opulent farmer; first a pub- 
lic official of the township, who faithfully and ably fulfilled his limited duties, 
in various capacities and covering long periods of service, and finally w-as re- 
warded by being called to both houses of the State Legislature, in which for 
many years he conscientiously and fully met all the requirements of the more 
important legislation and earned an enviable name as one of the leading rep- 
resentatives of the great agricultiu'al interests of southeastern Wisconsin. 

Mr. Apple was born in Rhenish Bavaria, Germany, Nov. 28, 1831, son 
of Adam and Barbara (Beecher) Apple. His parents were also natives of 
Germany, and their four other sons were Jacob, W^illiam. Frederick and Louis, 
three of whom died in the Fatherland, where \A'ilIiam is still living. The father 
was born in Germany in 1800, served in the regular army, and for many years 
was engaged as a stone and brick mason. He died in 1862, firm in the faith of 
the Lutheran Church, of which both he and his wife were members. 

Adam Apple, who after-ward earned such a fair name in ^^'isconsin. lived 
with his parents in Germany lintil he was seventeen years of age, acc|uiring a 
common school education in his native locality. Coming to America he settled 
in Philadelphia, becoming an apprentice to the cabinetmaker's trade. At the 
expiration of his three years" term, instead of applying himself to that vocation 
he shipped for the gold fields of the Pacific coast, reaching his destination bv 
way of the Isthmus of Panama. Three years of mining in southern California 
fortunately so increased his possessions that he returned to Philadelphia with 
the intention of investing his savings in the East : but he was more strongly 
drawn to the great West, so that in 1855, after he had worked at his trade for 
a time, he came to Wisconsin. Locating in Norway township, he purchased 
120 acres of land in Section 26. which he first improved liefore addins' another 
forty to it. Later he bought 180 acres adjoining the first farm on the, 
which he also lirought to a high state of cultivation and imnro\'ement. Mr. 
Apple resided on the old homestead until within two years of his death, when 
he rented his farms to his sons. Charles and Harry, he and his wife moving 
to North Cape, where he passed his bst da vs. 

Mrs. Adam Apple is still a resident of North Cajie. Before her mar- 

xJlJUy^y^^ Zrlj' 


riage, in 1856, she was Dorothy Eckel, and when quite youncr was brought 
by her parents from Germany to America. By her vinion with Mr. Apple she 
became the mother of four sons and four daughters : Ella, wife of Charles 
Blakey, of Estherville, Iowa ; Adam, Jr., who died at the age of twenty-eight 
years; Josephine, wife of D. M. Clump, living in Monmouth, Iowa; Annie, 
unmarried, a teacher of Mitchellville, Iowa; Andrew J., residing in Chicago; 
and Charles E. and Harry and Flora (twins), all of Norway township. As 
to the children of the family it may be stated, more in detail, that Mrs. Blakey 
is the mother of five children, the three living being Leonard, Addie and Doro- 
thy. Josephine has two children, Irene and Ruth. Andrew J. married Ollie 
Mae Groshon, who was born in Chicago, daughter of Hugh and Charlotte 
(Hurley) Groshon, the former a traveling salesman for Carson, Pirie, Scott & 
Co., for fourteen years until his death at the age of forty-eight, the latter sur- 
viving and living with her daughter (besides Mrs. Apple, Mrs. Groshon has 
two sons. Dr. A. D., of Kansas City, Mo. ; and Albert, of Chicago, connected 
with the U. S. Rubber Company). Charles E. has been a member of the school 
board of Norway township for the past four terms and has been secretary of 
the Dover & Norway Mutual Fire Insurance Co. for eleven years, and still 
holds that position ; he married Josephine Plucker, and they have one son, 
Adam, Jr. (III). Harry married Nellie Smith, a native of Dover township, 
and they have one son, Harold John. Flora is single and lives with her mother 
in North Cape, occupying the residence Mr. Apple built shortly before his 

In politics Adam Apple was a life-long Democrat, and it is a remarkable 
testimony to his sterling honesty and sound ability that he should have made 
such progress in a public career while residing in a county which was strongly 
Republican. He entered upon that career as chairman of the town board of 
supervisors, retaining the position for eight years. His abiding interest in pop- 
ular education was shown in that he held the clerkship of the school board for 
about eighteen years. The duties of these positions were performed with such 
impartial ability that he was decisively elected to the lower house of the Wis- 
consin State Legislature in 1882, 1883, 1885 and 1887. His record there was 
enthusiastically endorsed by his selection as a candidate for the State Senate 
and his election, in 1890, by which he overcame a normal Republican majority 
of 1.200. Mr. Apple retained the State senatorship for two successive terms, 
and his earnestness, honesty, impartially and broad common sense as to the 
nature of his duties as a representative of his entire district — not of any section, 
cr clique — won him the commendation of even his political enemies ; and his 
conduct in public life was but a reflex of his private character, which was based 
upon justice and broad humanity. He was a prominent member of the I. O. O. 
F. and the Masonic fraternity, to which latter his three sons also belono-. and 
his funeral, which was one of the largest ever held in Racine countv, was con- 
ducted by the Masons. 

Mrs. Dorothy Apple, widow of Adam Apple, and now sixtv-nine vears of 
age. was born in Germany, daughter of Jacob and Christina (Damm) Eckel. 
In 1844. when she was seven years old, her parents sailed for the United' 
States, and she still vividly remembers that long voyage of seven weeks be- 
fore they approached the shores of New York harbor. The family at once 


located in Waukesha cnunty, Wis., where the father and mother hoth died in 
old age. They had six daughters and one son, the following four still sur- 
viving: Barbara, wife of John Pfluger, of Diamond Blufif, Minn.; Margaret, 
now Mrs. George W' agner, of Waukesha, Wis. ; Lucy, who married John Sour, 
of Fort Atkinson, Wis. ; and Dorothy, Mrs. Adam Apple. 

The two farms of 340 acres which ex-Senator Apple owned at the time 
of his death are now in the possession of Charles and Harry, who, as stated, 
had rented them about two years before their father's decease. Thev are both 
extensive stock raisers, Charles E. being especially a breeder of Shorthorn 
Durham cattle. They are men of industry and perseverance, thoroughly versed 
in their line of l)usiness. possessed of marked business ability, and are destined 
to broaden the family estate and perpetuate the honorable name of their father. 

William Plucker, of Waterford, the father of Mrs. Josephine Apple, the 
wife of Charles E. Apple, married Minnie Alby. The paternal grandfather 
was an early settler of Racine cnunty. where he died many years ago: his 
widow married twice afterward, her third husband being still alive, but she 
is deceased. The maternal grandparents, John and Minnie Alby, are both 

John H. and Elizabeth (Lewis) Smith, parents of Mrs. Nellie Apple, 
wife of Harry Apple, were born in Dover township and England, respectivelv, 
the mother being brought when an infant- to America, by her parents. Their 
family consisted of one son and four daughters: Mary, wife- of George 
WHierry, of Racine: Nellie, Mrs. Apple: Lulu, unmarried, of Dover township: 
and Alice and Boyd, who are living at home. The paternal grandfather. W'il- 
liam Smith, was a native of England, and a very early settler of Dover town- 
ship, dying there when, more than seventy years of age. His wife, Marv, was 
about sixty years of age at the time of her death, and the mother of eight 
daughters and three sons. The maternal grandfather of Mrs. Harry Apple 
was William Lewis, a native of England, and a pioneer of Dover township. 
He died well advanced in years, and his wife (Mary Millard) had passed the 
age of eighty at the time of her death. They were the parents of one daughter 
and four sons, William, Elisha, Philip, Elizabeth and George. 

LINUS H. PARK, of the Avell-known firm of Chandler & Park, archi- 
tects, Racine, Wis., is a native of Illinois, born at Tonica, June 2, 1862, son of 
John and Martha (Ide) Park. 

The great-grandfather, Robert Park, of Ballewater, Ireland, was of 
Scotch or English descent and was a teacher of mathematics. He came to 
Philadelphia in 1786. His wife, Jane Bailey Park, lived to be 108 vears of 
age. To these two were born four children, the second of whom was John 
Park, the grandfather of our subject. He followed the business of tanning 
and the currier's trade in connection with farming in Pennsylvania. His wife 
was Mary Lang, the daughter of James Lang, a Presbyterian minister nf 
Scotch descent, and a relative of John C. Calhoun, of South Carolina. Her 
mother's maiden name was Helm. To them were born nine children, the 
eighth beins: John Park, father of the above mentioned Linus Helm Park. 

John Park was born in 1823 at Marion Center, Pa., and wns renred tn 
the life of a farmer, but afterward learned the carpenter's trade, which he fnl- 


lowed in conjunction with farming. He located in Illinois in 1858, settling" 
in Tonica, where he remained until 1883, in that year going to Wheaton, 
111., where he lived up to the time of his death, which occurred while he was 
visiting his son, Linus H., in Racine, in 1903, when he was aged seventy-nine 
years. His wife Martha (Ide), a native of New York State, had passed away 
ten years previously, in her sixty-eighth year. Her parents, Ebenezer and 
Sarah (Sherman) Ide, lived to an advanced age, and had a large family. Of the 
children of John and Martha Park, Rufus Lang and Linus Helm (twins) are 
the only ones living, the former making his home at Muskegon, Michigan. 

Linus H. Park was reared in the vicinity of Tonica, 111., and remained 
on the farm until twenty years of age. He attended the public schools and the 
high school, and graduated in the classical course at Wheaton College in 1889, 
then taking up architecture, which he has pursued ever since. He went to" 
Chicago, later to Kentucky and Tennessee, and in 1892 came to Racine, work- 
ing with Mr. Chandler for two or three years. He became associated with 
him as a partner in 1896, this connection still continuing. They have erected 
many of the public buildings of Racine and surrounding country, among them 
many public school buildings in Wisconsin and other States. 

Mr. Park was married Aug. 19, 1895, to Miss Maud Whipple, daughter 
of Prof. Elliot Whipple and Samantha (Johnson) Whipple, of Wheaton, III., 
and to this union have been born two children, Martha Whipple and Elliot 
Whipple. The family residence, located at No. 1239 Wisconsin street, Racine, 
was built by Mr. Park in 1899. Mr. and Mrs. Park are members of the First 
Presbyterian Church of Racine, in which he is an elder. Politically he is inde- 
pendent, usually voting the Prohibition ticket. 

GEORGE N. FRATT, a prominent and esteemed citizen of Racine, 
Wis., cashier of the First National Bank of that city, was born in Racine, 
Jan. 3, 1855, son of Hon. Nicholas Diller and Elsie (Duffies) Fratt, the 
former of New York, and the latter of Scotland. Jonathan Fratt, grandfather 
of George N., migrated from New York, and spent the rest of his life in Ra- 
cine, dying there some time in the sixties, well advanced in years. 

Nicholas Diller Fratt came to Racine about 1842, embarking in the mar- 
ket business, in which he continued for some time. In 1855 he removed to a 
farm in Mt. Pleasant township whereon he remained until 1893, <it the end of 
which time he returned to Racine. He was one of the organizers of both the 
Racine County Bank and the First National Bank, the former being merged 
into the First National Bank in 1864. Mr. Fratt was for some time prior its 
president, an office he has held continuously since it became the First National. 
He has a wide knowledge ,of banking and finance, and his foresip"ht and wis- 
dom have been of inestimable value in placing the institution on sound finan- 
cial footing, capable of withstanding any grave and startling fluctuations in 
the money market. For the last ten years Mr. Fratt has lived retired. He 
married Elsie Duffies, who died in 1890, aged about sixty-three years, in the 
faith of the Universaiist Church, to which Mr. Fratt also belonsrs. He was a 
State senator in the early sixties, and has held various minor offices. He was 
president of the State Agricultural Society for many years, and of the Racine 


County Agricultural Society, antl he was also a member of the board of re- 
gents of the State University. 

John Duffies, Mrs. Fratt's father, was a native of Scotland, and on com- 
ing to America first settled in New York State, locating on a farm in the town 
of Dover, Racine Co., Wis., about 1841. There he remained until a short time 
prior to his death, when he moved into the village of Union Grove, where he 
died at an advanced age. He held various offices in the county, and at one 
time was county treasurer. To Nicholas Diller and Elsie Fratt were born the 
following children : Mary, widow of A. J. Webster, of Redlands. Cal. ; Alfred, 
who died aged four years ; Frank, who died aged one year ; Gertrude, who be- 
came the wife of W. S. Mellen, and died in 1888, leaving two children, a 
daughter and a son ; George N. ; Clara, wife of W. T. Griffith, of Racine ; 
Frederick W.. a civil engineer of Oklahoma City, O. T. : and Charles D.. of 
Everett, Washington. 

George N. Fratt was reared in Racine, and attended the public and high 
schools, supplementing the education there received with one year's studv at 
business college. On Feb. i, 1877, he went into the First National Bank as 
messenger boy and assistant bookkeeper, and since June, 1892. he has been 
cashier of the bank. 

On April 20. 1881, Mr. Fratt was married to Miss Elizabeth Daggett, 
daughter of Thomas and Mary (Raymond) Daggett, and to this union have 
been born three daughters : Elsie, Elizabeth and Gertrude. Mr. Fratt and 
his wife are members of the Universalist Church. He belongs to the Knights 
of Pythias, the Modern Woodmen, Royal Arcanum, Royal League and Equit- 
able Fraternal LTnion. Politically he is a Republican. He was president of 
the Racine Business Men's Association ; president of the Southeastern Wis- 
consin Good Roads Association, and vice-president for Wisconsin of the Na- 
tional Good Roads Association; from 1897 to 1899 he was head banker of the 
Modern Woodmen of America; in 1904 and 1905 was president of the Wis- 
consin Bankers' Association ; and has been vice-president of the American 
Bankers' Association for Wisconsin. Believing that the prosperity and pro- 
gress of the community work for the good of every individual there, he has 
always taken an active part in public affairs, and is found among the leaders 
in all plans for improvement. He is at present alderman of the Second ward, 
now serving his second term. As a financier he has inherited from his father 
the wonderful acumen that has contributed so much to the good of the institu- 
tion he represents, and that this is recognized beyond the confines of his own 
institution is best attested by the high offices he has Ixen called upon to fill in 
the various associations with which he has been identified. Mr. Fratt's beau- 
tiful residence, which he built in 1895, '^ located at No. 1720 College avenue. 

FREDERICK HARBRIDGE. president nf the F. Harbridge Companv, 
No. 422 Main street, is one of the leading citizens of Racine. Wis. Mr. Harb- 
ridge's birth occurred in Cheshire. England. June 19. 1837, and he is a son of 
Joseph and Elizabeth (Lightfoot) Harbridge, natives of England. Of the 
family of eleven children born to his parents Mr. Harbridge and Miss Hannah, 
of Kingswnod. Frodsham, England, are the onlv living members. 

Joseph Harbridge was a farmer, and died in England in 1838. aged fifty- 


five years, while his wife survived him many years, and died at the ag:e of 
seventy-seven. They were members of the Episcopal Church. 

!• rederick Harbridge was reared and educated in England, where he 
studied pharmacy. He became a druggist, and in 1864 came to America, 
stopping in Chicago three or four months, w hence he made his way to Racine, 
where he has lived ever since. On locating here he engaged in the drug and 
grocery business, in which he has been very successful. He married Sept. 15, 
1868, Miss Mary Douglas McRitchie, daughter of David and Margaret (Mc- 
Inroy) McRitchie. His wife was born in Dundee, Forfarshire, Scotland, and 
to this union four children have been born : George Frederick, who is in the 
drug and grocery business in Racine; Delamere Forest, M. D., a physician 
of Philadelphia, who married Miss Cora Brown, of that city; Stuart Mc- 
Ritchie, who married Miss Sylvia Rowe, and is in the First National Bank 
of Racine; and Roy Malcolm, in the drug and grocery business in Racine, mar- 
ried to Miss Bertha Louise Spence. 

Religiously ]\Ir. Harbridge is an Episcopalian, while his wife is a Pres- 
byterian. Politically he is a Republican. Mr. Harbridge's fine residence, 
which he built in 1892, is situated at No. mo College avenue. 

FRANK L. WELLS, a manufacturer of spring bed machinery in Ken- 
osha, is one of the wealthy citizens of the place, a position he has attained 
solely by his close attention to business and the exercise of the sound judgment 
which marks all of his operations. He was born May 14, 1865. in Lake county, 
111., where his parents both lived in early life. 

Mr. Wells comes of English ancestry on his father's side, his grandfather. 
John Wells, being born in England. He came from Ohio to Lake county 
in 1839, and died there, well advanced in years. He married Miss Sarah Net- 
tleship, who lived to be ninety years old. They had a large family and were 
well-to-do people. 

William Wells, father of Frank L., was born in Ohio. He moved to Ilfi- 
nois in 1841, settled in Lake county and there married Miss Sophia ^trock, a 
native of the State. She was a daughter of Joseph and Martha (Smalley) 
Strock, the former a native of Germany and a farmer. The parents were early 
settlers in Lake county and there reared their family, which was a small one. 
Mr. Strock lived to a good old age. William and Sophia W'ells had eleven 
children, four sons and seven daughters, of whom eight are living, as follows : 
Frank L. ; Cora, widow of Walter IMelick. of Ravenswood. Chicago; Lucy. 
Mrs. William Winigar; Bertha, wife of Richard Hawkins: Grace, Mrs. Frank 
Goodman; Alonzo; Jessie; and Eva — all of Kenosha except Mrs. Melick. 
William Wells lived .in Illinois until 1881. but since that time he has made his 
home in Kenosha, where he is retired from active life. He and his wife are 
both Baptists in religious faith. 

Frank L. Wells grew up on his father's farm in Lake county and was 
educated in the district schools. His bent toward a mechanical line of work 
early manifested itself and when he was but sixteen years old he left home to 
go to Kenosha and there learn the machinist's trade. He has been ever since 
engaged along that general line of business. In 1893 he commenced manufac- 


turiiig spring bed machinery and from that time to the present has continued 
to conduct the plant himself, usually having about thirty people in his employ. 
Mr. Wells was united in marriage, June 4, 1889, to Miss Emma E. Mes- 
sier, daughter of Mitchell and Mary (Talham) Messier. Their family con- 
sists of four sons and three daughters, Walter, Harold, Francis and Joseph 
(twins), Isabel, Florence and Cora. Mrs. Wells is a Catholic in her faith. Mr. 
Wells is an active politician, always working for the improvement of municipal 
conditions, and is now alderman from the Second ward, elected on the Repub- 
lican ticket. Socially he belongs to Kenosha Lodge, No. 47, F. & A. M.; and 
to the Elks, No. 750. He is a man of wealth, a part of it being invested in real 
estate, in Kenosha, where he owns several houses, which he rents, in addition 
to his own residence at No. 616 Park avenue, built in 1905. Mr. Wells stands 
high in the esteem of his fellow citizens and commands the confidence of his 

WILLIAM HENRY MILLER, a prominent and substantial citizen of 
Racine, Wis., engaged extensively in the real estate, loan and insurance busi- 
ness, is a native of that city, born Nov. 2, 1847, son of Moses and Frances 
(Durand) Miller, the former a native of New Jersey and the latter of Cqn- 

Moses Miller, father of William Henry, came to Wisconsin about 1844, 
and here he carried on wholesale merchandising for some years before the days 
of railroads. He was a man of sterling worth and great influence for good, 
universally loved and respected. He died in Racine in August, 1868, aged 
fifty-three years, while his widow still survives. She is a member of the Pres- 
byterian Church, as was her husband. They had four children, of whom W'ill- 
iam Henry was the eldest. 

WMlliam Henry Miller was reared in Racine, where he attended the ward 
and high schools. In 1864, during the Civil war, with youthful patriotic en- 
thusiasm, he enlisted in Company F, 39th Wis. V. I., which regiment was soon 
ordered South, being in Memphis at the time of Forrest's raid in thait city. Mr. 
Miller is now a valued comrade of Governor Harvey Post, No. 17, G. A. R. 
At the close of his army service he returned to Racine and continued his studies 
for a time. In 1866 he embarked in the insurance, real estate and loan busi- 
ness with his father. In 1872 he engaged in the business on his own account, 
and has continued in the same line to the present time, building up one of the 
most honorable and profitable agencies in this city, his ofiice being now in his 
own building. No. 213 Sixth street. 

On Jan. 13, 1887, Mr. Miller was married to Jenny R. Hoy, only daughter 
of Philo Romayne Hoy, M. D.. an old settler of Racine, a leading physician 
and surgeon and a distinguished naturalist, and to this union have been born 
two children, \\^alton Hoy and Romayne Frances. Mr. Miller and his family 
reside at his beautiful home, situated at No. 900 Main street, which he built in 
1900, and he also owns considerable other business and residence property 
in Racine. 

WILLIAM SMIEDING, Sr., an early settler of Racine, Wis., now liv- 
ing retired, is one of that citv's hiehlv esteemed citizens. He was born No'w 

comme:morat]ve biographical record. 47 

II, 1 83 1, in Westphalia, Germany, son of August and Amelia (Nix) Smied- 
ing, also natives of Germany. The paternal grandfather was a brewer and 
baker of Germany, and owned a small estate. He and his wife both died at an 
advanced age. 

August Smieding also followed brewing and baking. Going to Holland, 
he was there employed as a clerk in a mercantile business. He served as a sol- 
dier under Napoleon I, in 181 5. August Smieding died in 1850, aged about 
fifty-six years, and his wife passed away about six years before. They had 
seven children, five of whom are still living: Henry E., of Racine; William; 
Sophia, wife of William Mayer, of Lubbecke, Westphalia, Germany ; Maria, 
widow of Gustav Retry, of jNIinden, Germany; and Rev. Rudolph, a Lutheran 
minister of Kiel, Germany. 

William Smieding grew to manhood in Germany, and received his edu- 
cation there. When fourteen years old he was apprenticed to a general mer- 
chant for five years, and in 1853 he came to America. Residing in Cincinnati 
until 1855, he then came to Racine, and, with his brother Henry E., engaged 
in the drug business until 1881, when they sold out. Since that time Mr. 
Smieding has lived retired at his home, just adjoining the limits, across from 
the Horlick Food Company's factory, where he owns thirty-five acres of land. 

Mr. Smieding was married in September, 1864, to ]\Iiss Mary Wustum, 
■daugliter of George and Mary Wustum, and to this union were born six chil- 
dren : Henry, a lawyer of Racine; William, Judge of the INIunicipal Court of 
Racine : Herman, bookkeeper for the Horlick Food Company, who married 
Jessie Conroe; George, a physician of Jefferson, Wis.; Frederick, at home; 
and Marie, of Racine. Mr. and Mrs. Smieding are among the oldest settlers 
in Racine, and ha\'e watched the city's population grow from 5.000 to 30,000 

CLARENCE J. RICHARDS, who was for a number of years an eminent 
member of the Racine county Bar, is now living retired at his home, No. 1003 
Lake avenue, Racine. 'Sir. Richards was born in Racine, Wis.. Sept. 18, 1861, 
son of James and Ann (Langdon) Richards, natives of Wales and Ireland 

James Richards, father of Clarence J. Richards, came from Wales to 
America as a boy, and grew to manhood in Racine. Here he died in 1875, 
aged forty-eight years, while his widow survived him until 1882, when she 
passed away, in her forty-third year. James Richards had, in his boyhood; 
been apprenticed to an ironmonger, and later worked in the hardware estab- 
lishments of John Conroe, Edwin Hunt & Sons and Raymond & Jones. He- 
then engaged in general merchandising, which he followed up to the time of 
his death. He and his wife had two children, Mary Elizabeth and Clarence J., 
the former of whom died at the age of six vears. 

Clarence J. Richards was reared in Racine and attended the public schools 
and McMynn's Academy, graduating in 1879. He then studied law in the 
offices of John T. Fish and Quarles & Winslow, and was admitted to the Bar 
in 1882, being twenty-one years of age. He worked for Quarles & Winslow as 
clerk until May, 1882, when the firm of Quarles, Spence & Richards was formed 
and continued until 1886, when Mr. Richards on account of failing health made 


a trip to California, remaining there four years. He then returned to Racine^ 
and since that time has lived retired. He owns a beautiful home at No. 1003 
Lake avenue, and also other residence and business property in the city. 

On Dec. 27, 1883, Mr. Richards married Miss Mary Louise Baker, daugh- 
ter of Robert H. and Emily (Carswell) Baker, and three children were born 
to this union: Juliet Langdon. Margaret Carswell and Robert Baker. Mr. 
and Mrs. Richards are members of St. Luke's Episcopal Church, in which he 
is vestryman. Fraternally he is connected with the [Masons, the Knights of 
Pythias'and the B. P. O. E. In politics he is a stalwart Republican. 

county. W'is., is one of the distinguished men of this section, one who is a 
dominating personality in business, political and professional life. Judge 
Belden was born May 18, 1866, at Rochester, Racine Co., Wis., son of Henry 
W. and Emily F. (Brown) Belden, and grandson of Hon. Philo Belden, de- 
ceased, ex-State Senator and for years County Judge of Racine county. 

Henry W. Belden. the father, was born Nov. 10, 1840, and was reared 
in Racine county. At the opening of the Civil war he enlisted, becoming a 
private in the 24th Wis. Y. I., and climbed, through promotions for gallantry, 
to the rank of captain by the close of the war. After the cessation of hostili- 
ties, he located in Milwaukee and established later a book and stationery store 
in that city, but for some years has lived retired. He married Emily F. 
Brown, a daughter of Ezra Brown (whose wife was a Horton), and they 
had these children: Judge Ellsworth B. ; Gertrude, wife of Byron R. Jones, 
of Racine: Ruby, of ^lilwaukee; Charles E., of Spokane, Wash.; and Rob- 
ert, who died aged twenty-one years. The father of ]\Irs. Emily F. Belden, 
and the grandfather of our subject, was a native of \'erniont and settled in 
Wisconsin in the early forties. 

Judge Ellsworth Burnett Belden was reared in Racine county, and grad- 
uated from the common schools into the Rochester Seminary, where he was 
graduated in 1883, and entered the employ of his grandfather. Judge Belden, 
in the County Court of Racine county. Here he continued until the fall of 
1884, at which time he entered the Law Department of the University of 
W^isconsin, at Madison, where he was graduated with the class of 1886, the 
youngest graduate to whom the school had ever presented a diploma. 

Being still under age and therefore not eligible to practice, according to 
the laws of his State, he entered the office of the Attorney-General for a time, 
and then resumed his former duties in the County Court, shortly afterward en- 
tering upon the practice of his profession. 

Judge Belden has the distinction of being the youngest man ever elected 
to the office of County Judge in the State of Wisconsin. He was elected 
County Judge in April. 1889. Judge Philo Belden resigned the position in 
September, 1889. and the grandson, who had been already elected to succeed 
him, was appointed to fill the vacancy, and he held his first term of court ir, 
the following month, and Jan. i, 1890, he entered upon his own elective term. 
This election was a just recognition of his ability and sterling traits of char- 
acter. This popularity never waned through twelve years of judicial life, dur- 
ing which period he came nearer and nearer to the ideal of his fellow citizens- 


as a jurist, and in 1901 he was elected Circuit Judge, assuming the duties of 
that responsible office in January, 1902. 

Judge Belden is a product of those best forces which have made Wiscon- 
sin what it is today. He is energetic, eager, broad-minded and liberal, one 
of the men who can do large things in a large way. Although the greater part 
of his public life has been spent on the Bench, where his comprehensive knowl- 
edge of law has made him a power, his name is known and his influence felt 
wherever important issues of a public nature are at stake or the welfare of his 
city is concerned. 

Judge Belden was married, June 26, 1900, to Hattie M. Raymond, daugh- 
ter of Hyland and Emily (Foster) Raymond, and to this union two sons have 
been born, viz. : Stanley and John. Judge Belden and wife belong to St. 
Luke's Episcopal Church, at Racine, in which he is a vestryman. Politically 
Judge Belden is a Republican, but has independent ideas and is not identified 
with any clique or faction. Fraternally he belongs to Racine Lodge, No. 18, 
A. F. & A. M. ; Orient Chapter, No. 12, R. A. M. ; and Racine Commandery, 
No. 70. He belongs also to the Knights of Pythias, Lodge No. 32 ; to the B. 
P. O. Elks; to the Royal Arcanum, Council No. 220; Modem Woodmen of 
America, Lakeside Camp, No. 379 ; and to the Chi Psi College Fraternity. He 
is a member of the Racine Business Men's Association, a vestryman of St. 
Luke's Church, a trustee of Racine College and St. Luke's Hospital Associa- 
tion, and president of the Young Men's Christian Association. 

Judge Belden and family have a beautiful home in this city, one of re- 
fined and cultured influences. Mrs. Belden is a charming hostess, being highly 
accomplished as an artist and as a musician. 

JOHN FULLER GOOLD, president of the Fiebrich, Fox, Hilker Shoe 
Company, of Racine, was born in Carlton. Orleans Co., N. Y., Nov. i, 1821, 
son of Horace Octavius and Lorinda (Fuller) Goold. 

Horace O. Goold came of English lineage, descending from one of three 
brothers who crossed the ocean and settled in Connecticut. His father was a 
native of that State, but nothing further is known of him. There were six sons 
in his family. Horace O. Goold became a farmer and spent most of his life in 
Orleans county, N. Y. He belonged to the old Whig party before the war, but 
after the formation of the Republican party cast his vote in its support. He 
was a public spirited citizen, and served efficiently in various town offices. He 
died at Lyndonville, at the age of sixty-five, and his wife survived him but a 
week. Both were members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Mrs. Goold 
was born in Pennsylvania, daughter of Capt. John and Sally Fuller. Capt. 
Fuller took up a large tract of land in Orleans county, N-. Y.. and for the rest 
of his life was engaged in farming. He had five sons, who all settled on farms 
in the same locality, and three daughters. One son of this family lived to be 
over ninety years of age, but all are now deceased. Capt. Fuller gained his 
title by service in the war of 1812. His death was caused by a runaway. The 
children born to Horace O. and Lorinda (Fuller) Goold numbered fourteen, 
of whom only three are now living, viz. : John Fuller, the oldest ; Horace Dar- 
win, of Linden, N. Y. ; and Olin May. of Grand Rapids, Michigan. 

John F. Goold passed his youth in Orleans county, attending first the pub- 


lie schools, and later a select school taught by Prof. Hard, who is thou,a;ht to 
be still living, although over ninety years of age now. At eighteen Mr. Goold 
gave up assisting his father on the farm and began clerking in a store at the 
county seat, Albion. He was next engaged in an establishment which carried 
on a dry goods, drug and tailoring business combined, and he remained w'ith 
this concern several years. In 1844 Mr. Goold went west to Ohio, and spent 
several years in Cleveland. This was followed by a period in a country store 
near Cleveland, and then he went into the mercantile business for himself in 
Ohio City, conducting same for several years, after which he moved to Chi- 
cago, and was in charge of an office there for two or three years. Returning to 
Cleveland from Chicago, he remained there until 1857, the year he settled in 

From Mr. Goold's first location in Wisconsin to the present time he has 
always resided in or near Racine. The first twelve years, from 1857 to 1869, 
he was in Mt. Pleasant township, engaged in farming with his brother-in-law, 
Isaac Taylor. The following six years he spent in Racine, carrying on a hard- 
ware business, and then gave his attention to farming again. He carried on a 
small farm north of the city for three years, and after that invested in farm 
lands in Kansas, spending two summers in that State, putting in crops of 
wheat, but at the end of that time he sold the property and went back to Ra- 
cine. Abandoning agricultural pursuits from this time forth, Mr. Goold ac- 
cepted a position as timekeeper with the Mitchell & Lewis Company, and has 
discharged the duties of that place continuously since that time. In 1898 he 
was one of the organizers of the Kambach, Fiebrich Shoe Company, in which 
lie became a stockholder and w-as chosen president. He still holds that i)nsiti(in 
although the organization has been changed, the corporation now being en- 
titled the Fiebrich, Fox, Hilker Company. 

Mr. Goold's wife bore the maiden name of Sylvia jMartin, and their wed- 
ding took place April 21, 1847. They became the parents of five children : ( i ) 
Adeline, died when seven years old. (2) Alfred Wright is a trimmer in the 
employ of the Mitchell & Lewis Company. He is a fine scholar and a particu- 
larly good penman, and his educational acquirements are the more noteworthy 
as they have been gained in spite of the fact that he is a mute. He is married 
to Miss Ada Rutherford, also a mute, a graduate of the Delavan Mute School. 
(3) Emer Cornelia married Frank L. Mitchell, of the Mitchell & Lewis Com- 
pany, and they have two daughters. Alabel Martin and Olive A. (4) Ida Adelia 
married Charles Clark, who died, leaving her with two sons, Alfred Charles 
and Loren Clark. (5) Harry Martin is an engraver in Indianapolis. Bv his 
wife, Helen (Grayson) Goold, he has had two children, but the only one living 
is a daughter named Sylvia. Mrs. Sylvia M. Goold, who was a daughter of 
Abner and Lucy (Buckingham) Martin, passed away in Racine, in 1883, aged 
fifty-nine years. A member of the Methodist Church, as is her husband also, 
she exemplified in her life all the beauties and virtues of the Christian life, and 
was deeply loved for her admirable character. Mr. Goold is prominent in 
church work, acting as trustee and treasurer for many years, besides holding 
the office of class-leader. Politically he is a Republican, but he has never sought 
official position since he served as town clerk of Mt. Pleasant townshi|i during 


the Civil war. He enjovs the sincere respect of his fellow citizens. Mr. Guold 
resides at No. 917 College avenue. 

WALTER S. GOODLAND, editor and proprietor of the Racine Daily 
Times — a man whose talent and taste for journalism exceed even his marked 
ability in the legal profession — was born in Sharon, Walworth Co., Wis., Dec. 
22, 1862, of good English parentage. 

William Goodland, his grandfather, was a lifelong resident of Taunton, 
Somersetshire, England, where for many years he was engaged in the coal ijusi- 
ness. He died when over four score years old while his wife, Abigail Rebecca, 
attained a still greater age. They were the parents of a large family. 

John Goodland, father of Walter S., was born in Taunton, Somersetshire, 
England, Aug. 10, 1831, and there remained until he was eighteen, in 1849 
coming to America. Five years later he settled in Wisconsin, and this State 
has been his home ever since with the exception of a few years he passed in 
Chicago. He has takn a prominent part in public affairs and is well known 
throughout central Wisconsin. Offices of trust and responsibility in the gift of 
the people have been showered upon him, and he is now serving as judge of the 
Tenth Judicial District of the State, each year adding to his already very high 
reputation as a jurist. He married Caroline M. Clark, who was born in New 
York State, where her father, an Englishman by birth, settled on his coming 
to America; Mr. Clark was a mason contractor in Rochester, that State, but 
later moved to Muskegon. Mich., where he died in advanced age. Mrs. Good- 
land died Oct. 26, 1893, the mother of nine children, as follows : William, de- 
ceased; Abigail, of Appleton, Wis.; Mary, who married J. H. Woehler, of 
Oshkosh, Wis. ; Edward, deceased ; Fayette, deceased ; Walter S. ; Emma, who 
died in childhood; Edith, who married F. D. Bartlett, of Milwaukee; John, 
of Appleton. 

Walter S. Goodland, sixth child and third son in the fam'ily born to his par- 
ents, was but three years of age when his parents removed to Chicago, and 
later accompanied them on their removal to Appleton, Wis., where he com- 
pleted his public school education, graduating from the high school. He also 
spent one year in Lawrence University, at that place. For five years after he left 
the schoolroom as a pupil, he was engaged in teaching. Under his father's guid- 
ance he began the study of law, and was admitted to the Bar by Judge George 
H. Meyers, at Appleton, March 9, 1886. His law studies were interesting, but 
he found journalism so congenial to his tastes, that shortly after his location in 
Wakefield, Wis., in March, 1887, he established the Wakefield Bulletin, which 
he continued to publish for about a year. He then moved to Ironwood, in 
March, 1888, there founding the Ironwood Times, which met with popular 
favor, and he continued in active work connected with its publication until May, 
1895. The preceding November he had, however, resumed his practice of law, 
opening an office in Ironwood. On March 30, 1895, President Cleveland ap- 
pointed him postmaster at Ironwood, and this office he efficiently filled for 
three years. Moving to Oshkosh he lived there but a short time, when he went 
to Beloit. there for one year to publish the Daily News. In March, 1899, Mr. 
Goodland located in Racine, and in partnership with Mr. V. W. Lothrop, pur- 
chased the Racine Dail\ Times. This firm continued until 1902, when Mr. 


Goodland purchased his partner's interest and has since conducted the paper 
alune. in connection he dues a large job prniting business, and the class of 
work turned out will compare favorably with that done by much larger con- 
cerns. Politically the paper is inuepencient, and it has a wide patronage. 

Fraternally Mr. Goodland is a Mason, belonging to Ironwood Lodge, F. 
& A. M., and he is also a member of Racine Lodge, H. P. O. E. In religious 
faith he is a member of the Episcopal Church. Mr. Goodland wields a wide 
influence through the editorial columns of his paper, and this influence is always 
on the side of the public good as he sees it. His honor and integrity of char- 
acter are so well known that his opinions have great weight. 

PETER TIEDEMANN, a prominent business man of Racine, Wis., en- 
gaged in the insurance, real estate and loan business, is serving as notary pub- 
lic and superintendent of the poor. He resides at No. 6i8 High street. He was 
born in Hanover, Germany, near Harburg, Nov. lo, 1839, son of Peter and 
Andeheidt (Suer) Tiedemann, natives of Hanover, Germany. 

Both the paternal and maternal grandfathers of our subject were laboring 
men and natives of Germany, as was also Peter, our subject's father, who died 
in Germany in 1888, aged seventy-nine years. His wife passed away in 1882, 
aged sixty-nine years, in the faith of the Lutheran Church, of which her hus- 
band was also a member. They had a family of six children, three of whom 
are deceased ; the others are Claus, of Atmer de Ziel, Germany ; Peter, of Ra- 
cine; and Anna, the wife of Henry Stooke, of Hanover, Germany. 

Peter Tiedemann attended the common schools of his native country, and 
at the age of thriteen years went on shipboard, making a trip to Brazil. He 
followed the sea until thirty years of age, spending several years on the coast 
of China, and in the East Indies. Mr. Tiedemann has sailed twice around the 
world, and speaks several languages, including Himalayan, Spanish, German, 
Scandinavian and' English. In 1869 he ran away from the passenger ship on 
which he was serving, and was married, coming to America. He landed at 
New York, from where he came directly to Wisconsin. For a time he sailed 
the Lakes, and in 1871 went to Chicago, engaging in the grocery business. 
There he remained about twelve years, after which he came to Racine, locating 
permanently; he put up a double store, and has been conducting a grocery 
store, saloon and hall for eleven years. 

In November, 1869, Mr. Tiedemann married Miss Emma Friederica 
Bauer, born on the Island of Ragan, daughter of Frederick and Friederica 
(Reich) Bauer. Mr. and Mrs. Tiedemann, although not members, attend the 
Lutheran Churcli, and contribute to its support. Fie belongs to Racine Lodge, 
I. O. O. F. ; and is president of the German Maennerverein. Politicallv a Dem- 
ocrat, he was alderman of the Seventh ward for twelve years. He was a can- 
didate for mayor on the Democratic ticket of 1905, and, while Racine is 
strongly Republican, he was beaten by but 300 votes. This honor was forcefl 
on Mr. Tiedemann. he having not been in the convention. In 1905 he was 
elected, by the council, superintendent of the poor, and this position he has since 
held with great credit to himself, and to the entire satisfaction of all concerned. 
He is very highly esteemed in Racine. 


CHARLES THEODORE SCHWEITZER, vice-president of The J. 
Miller Shoe Co., of Racine, Wis., was born March 4, 1S42, in Prussia, Ger- 
many, a son of Thomas and Petroneha Schweitzer. 

The parents of Mr. Schweitzer were both born in Prussia, near Coloo^ne, 
as were their parents who died there. The father was a charcoal manufacturer 
in Germany, dealt also in tan bark and lumber, and made some of the first rail- 
road ties ever put down in constructive work in Prussia. In 1846 he came to 
America and located six miles south of Milwaukee, where be bought a small 
farm on which he lived two yeai's. In 1848 he came to Racine, after which 
he followed various pursuits, dealing considerably in real estate, and remained 
here until his death, May 16, 1889, at the age of eighty-six years and six 
months. His wife died Nov. 20, 1880, aged seventy-two years. Both were 
members of the Catholic Church. Before coming to America he had served 
his three years in the regular army as is required of German young men. 

Charles T. Schweitzer was four years of age when his parents brought 
him to America. Since 1848 his home has been in Racine and he is thus 
entitled to the distinction of being one of the old settlers. He attended the 
parochial schools and lived at home until he reached maturity. Then he 
learned the cooper's trade with his father, continuing with him until 1867, 
when he became a clerk in the shoe factory of Joseph Miller. He remained 
in that capacity until 1872, when Mr. Miller disposed of his retail business 
and engaged exclusively in manufacturing for the wholesale trade. It was 
then that Mr. Schweitzer became associated with him. Ever since the in- 
corporation of The J. Miller Shoe Co., which is one of Racine's large indus- 
tries, he has been vice-president of the concern. 

On May 3, 1864, Mr. Schweitzer was married to Miss Clara Miller, 
daughter of Reiner and Elizabeth (Yunker) Miller. The children born to 
this union, all natives of Racine, are as follows : William J. is engaged in 
the insurance business at Racine ; he married Mary Luxem. Elizabeth M. 
died aged twelve years. John W. is a prominent business man of Racine, 
and president of the Modern Skirt Co. ; he married Ida Anderson, and thev 
have three children, Marion, Clara and Elizabeth. Gertrude married Frank 
Becker and they reside in Racine and have three children, Clara, Josephine, 
and William. Josephine married Charles Salbreiter, of Racine, and thev 
have one child, Clara. George W. is one of the proprietors of the White Star 
Laundry. Frank is head cutter for the Modern Skirt Co. : he married Ella 
Fitzgerald, and they have one child, Gertrude. Frederick W. is also a cut- 
ter with the Modern Skirt Co. Elizabeth died aged six months. Edward 
H. is a pharmacist, as also is Charles G. Clara lives at home. Mr. and Mrs. 
Schweitzer have reared a family in which they are able to take a great deal 
of comfort, the survivors all being well established and thoroughly respected 
members of society. The beautiful family home where peace and plenty 
reign, is situated at No. 1419 Superior street, Racine. Mr. and Mrs. 
Schweitzer are members of the Catholic Church, and he is a liberal sup- 
porter of its many benevolent enternrises. 

The parents of Mrs. Schweitzer were natives of Germany, and they 
came to America in 1847, with five children, locating with the earlv settlers 
at Racine. Mr. Miller owned a small tract which is now in the heart of the 



city, having been turned into city lots years ago. The father of Mrs. Schweitzer 
died in 1S84, aged eighty-three years, and two years later his wife died, aged 
seventy-six years. Both were worthy members of the Catholic Church. He 
had been a soldier in the German army. Of their seven children, the sur- 
vivors are : ]\Iargaret is the widow of William Piel ; Clara is the wife of Mr. 
Schweitzer ; and Rev. \V. G. is a Catholic priest at Waukesha, Wis. Joseph, 
deceased Dec. 29, 1905, was president of The J. Miller Shoe Company, of 
Racine. The paternal grandparents lived and died in Germany. The mater- 
nal grandfather was a miller in Germany and at his death left one son and one 
daughter. He had married a Mrs. Bauer, who had two daughters and one 
son. Much of the early family history has been lost, but a close examination 
would reveal the fact that for generations back may be found honest, upright, 
industrious, Christian people. 

JACOB INIOHR, senior member of the firm of ^lohr-Jones Hardware 
Company, at Racine, Wis., was born Aug. 15, 1850, in one of the Rhenish 
provinces, in Prussia, a son of Frederick and Kathrina (Deitrich) Mohr, 
both of whom were born in Germany. Mr. Mohr is at the head of one of 
the largest establishments of the kind in the county, carrying the most com- 
plete lines of hardware, stoves and woodenware and doing a large portion of 
the general tinsmithing and furnace work. Between twenty-five and fifty 
hands are continuously employed. 

Continuing the personal sketch of Jacob Mohr. it may be said that of the 
eleven children born to Frederick Mohr and his wife six were sons and five 
daughters, the survivors being but two sons, Charles and Jacob, both resi- 
dents of Racine. The father, who was a miller, died in Germany in i860, 
aged sixty-two years; the mother passed away in 1853, aged forty-eight 
years. They were both worthy members of the Lutheran Church. 

Jacob Mohr was but nine years old when he became an orphan, and he 
Avas taken to the home of a maternal uncle, with whom he li\-ed until about 
thirteen years old, in the meantime attending school. He was then appren- 
ticed to the tinner's trade, at which he worked until he was nineteen vears 
old, when he emigrated to America. In 1869 he settled at Racine, where he 
began working in the tin-shop and hardware store of E. R. Cooley, and con- 
tinued thus until the death of the proprietor. In 1877 he commenced busi- 
ness for himself in partnership with William Griffith, the firm name being 
Griffith & Mohr until 1887, when Mr. Mohr bought his partner's intertest and 
continued the business alone for eleven years. He then formed a stock co'.n- 
pany under the name of the Mohr- Jones Hardware Company, of which he is 
president and general manager, J. W. Jones being secretary and treasurer. 

On Dec. 12, 1875, ^'I''- Mohr was united in marriage to ^Nliss Louisa 
Halter, daughter of Louis and Katherine (Gonselman) Halter. Thev have 
three daughters, viz. ; Millie K., Leona and Luelia. IMiss ]\Iillie is a Kinde."- 
garten teacher in the Winslow school, Racine. Leona married B. W. Chad- 
wick, and they reside at Des Moines, Iowa, and have one son. \\'illiam Jacob. 
Luelia is still a student in the high school. Mr. Mohr is a member of the 
Episcopal Church. Fraternally he belongs to Racine Lodge, No. 92. A. F. 


& A. M., and also to the Royal Arcanum ami the Modern Woodmen. Polit- 
ically he has always been a Republican. 

The parents of Mrs. :\Iohr were natives of Alsace-Lorraine, and came to 
America sixty years ago, settling first in the southern portion of the city of 
^Milwaukee. Thence they removed to Caledonia township, Racine county, 
and engaged in farming, although the father was a skilled cabinetmaker. He 
died Christmas Day, 1904. aged eighty-three years, and the mother died at the 
age of fifty-seven. They had nine children, all of whom survive, namely: 
Kate, wife of Charles J. Mohr; Frank, of Mankato, Minn.; Louisa, Mrs. 
Jacob Mohr; Henry, of Mt. Pleasant township; William, of Milwaukee 
County ; August, who is on the home farm ; Albert, also on the homestead ; 
Carrie, wife of John Broschell, of Dexter, Minn.; and Bertha, wife of Henry 
Swartz. of Union Grove, Wisconsin. 

^lYRON A. BAKER, attorney-at-law, in Kenosha, Wis., one of the 
pioneers in the profession in this section and a prominent citizen, was born 
Aug. 26. 1837. at Owasco. Cayuga Co.. N. Y., son of Elisha and Adeline 
(Bailey) Baker, natives of New York. Three of their five children still sur- 
vive, viz. : Myron A., of Kenosha; Frances A., widow of Frank B. Dunning, 
of Englewood. Chicago; and Warren E.. of North Chicago. 

After completing his education, Elisha Baker was employed in a bank 
at Owasco, prior to coming to Wisconsin, in 1839. He settled in Kenosha 
county, purchasing a farm of 160 acres in Paris township, to which he sub- 
sequently added until he had some 318 acres. A portion of this he sold, but 
improved the rest and resided here until his death in June, 1856. He was 
survived by his widow until 1889, her age being seventy-two years. In his 
early years he was a captain in the New York State militia, the organization 
being known as the "Silver Grays." In Paris township he took a prominent 
stand in public affairs, was town clerk and for a number of years was chair- 
man of the town board. Both he and his wife in their earlier religious con- 
nections were in sympathy with the Baptists, but in later years both accepted 
the simple creed of the Unitarians. The paternal grandfather of Mr. Baker 
was a Revolutionary soldier and died in New York. His wife joined her 
children in the West and died there. On 'the maternal side Mr. Baker conies 
also of Revolutionary stock, his grandfather Bailey having served in the 
Patriot army. He married Abigail Price who survived him and came to 
Wisconsin and died in Kenosha county, aged sixty-five years, the mother of 
four children. 

Myron A. Baker was one year did when his parents brought him to 
Kenosha county. He was reared on a farm and was educated in the common 
and high schools of Kenosha, subsequently taking a special course in the 
State University at ]Madison. He then entered upon the reading of law. in 
the meantime devoting his winters to teaching, but the outbreak of the Civil 
war interrupted his studies and turned his thoughts and ambitions into an en- 
tirely different channel. 

Immediately after Fort Sumter was fired ujion Mr. Baker enlisted for ser- 
^■ice in defense of the flag of his country, and has a just claim of being the 
first enlisted man in the State of Wisconsin, an honor which will be preserved 
as a precious heritage by his children. On that historical day, in company 


with Levi Howland, Mr. Bakei' started out on horseback with the object of 
ai'ousing the loyal citizens of the vicinity, and through his individual efforts 
and shining" example, he induced many of his neighbors and schoolmates to 
enter the ranks. On account of a defect in one eye, Mr. Baker experienced no 
little amount of difficulty in getting accepted, but his determination was so 
strong that he even made a trip to a celebrated oculist at Chicago and had an 
artificial eye inserted. In the hurry and excitement of the time he managed to 
pass the surgeon examiner without discovery, and was sworn into the service. 
He still had to pass another examination, and there the disabilitv was dis- 
covered, but on account of his evident patriotism and the courage wdiich he had 
already displayed his case was made an exception and the Government gained 
a zealous defender. 

iVIr. Baker served for three months as a private in Company G., ist Wis. 
\^. I., and received a gunshot wound in the battle of Falling Waters, which 
sent him home. He remained in Wisconsin, prevented from re-entering the 
service and was admitted to the Bar in May, 1862. For the past forty- four 
years he has been a practitioner here, and stands not only as one of the oldest 
but as one of the most eminent members of his profession in Kenosha county. 
Almost since his admission to the Bar he has been Circuit Court Commis- 
sioner, and for twelve years was district attorney. In politics he has always 
been identified with the Republican party. 

Mr. Baker was married July 2, 1868, to Miss Rachel F. Burgess, daugh- 
ter of Daniel C. and Sylvia A. Burgess, and the following children have been 
born to them: (i) Myron E.. who died in 1901, was a member of the fac- 
ulty of the State University at Salem. Oregon ; he married Dora Mavnard, 
and is survived by one daughter, Dorothea. (2) Norman L. is a well known 
attorney-at-law. (3) Robert V.. also a lawyer, now district attornev for 
Kenosha county, married Ada Bright, and they have two sons, Robert V. and 
Ransom B. (4) Leone A. is a talented teacher of piano and violin. (5) 
Adeline R. is the wife of Daniel Goodwnn, of Kenosha. (6) Ethel D. is a 
teacher in the State Normal School at Frostburg, Md. (7) Portia E. is a 
student at Kemper Hall Female Seminary. Both IMr. Baker and wife are 
members of the Unitarian Society of Kenosha. They have a beautiful home 
at No. 459 Durkee avenue, and several of the sons reside with them. 

Mr. Baker was made a Mason in 1859, and belongs to Kenosha Lodge, 
No. 47. A. F. & A. M. ; to Kenosha Chapter, No. 3, R. A. M. ; and to Racine 
Commandery, No. 7, K. T. He is also a member of the Knights of Pythias, 
and the Odd Fellows. 

HON. FREDERICK ROBINSON figured conspicuously in the business 
and public life of Kenosha for a period of over forty-five years. For manv 
years he was engaged in the drug business there, but in later years devoted 
much time to his other interests, being one of the three owners of the Whitaker 
Engine & Machine Company, which interest he sold some little time before his 
death, in 1893, As vice-president of the First National Bank he also gave 
much attention to that institution, holding the position until his death, besides 
being president of the M. H. Pettit Malting Company of Kenoshn. His con- 
nection with public affairs was likewise intimate, and of far-reaching benefit 

If p 


in the State, as well as in his home community. He was a man of many in- 
terests, and fully capable of looking after them. When he came to Kenosha it 
was a straggling village, and his own fortunes were about in the same condi- 
tion. But he improved them by industry and well-directed energy, and in 
the meantime did as much for his adopted home. He developed with the town, 
and, indeed, it might be more properly said, with the State, rising by his own 
efforts from humble circumstances to a position of wealth and influence. His 
high standing was as much the result of his efforts to benefit others as a tribute 
to his personal achievements, and no man of his day was more respected. A 
mere mention of the enterprises and movements with which he was connected 
would serve to illustrate the versatility of the man and the wideness of his in- 

Mr. Robinson was born March 11, 1824, in Church Stretton, Shropshire, 
England, and was the youngest in a family of nine children. His father dying 
when he was only two years old, he was obliged to make his own way in the 
world and accept life's responsibilities at an unusually early age, and undoubt- 
edly his youthful experience in overcoming obstacles in the road to success 
made his later struggles less difficult. He received his education in private 
schools corresponding to the academies in this country, and when about fifteen 
was apprenticed to a druggist, serving five years. His employer having been 
to the United States, young Robinson learned something about the country 
from him, and in 1845, with a companion, he crossed the Atlantic on an old 
sailing vessel which landed him in New York after a passage of forty days. 
In that city he obtained a position as clerk for M. Ward, Close & Co., whole- 
sale druggists. In 1846 he journeyed west to Chicago, where he clerked a 
short time for Sidney Sawyer. Mr. Sawyer, establishing a drug store in 
Kenosha (then known as Southport), sent Mr. Robinson to take charge of it, 
and in 1847 the latter purchased the drug store of Mr. Burnham at Southport. 

Mr. Robinson served his community in many capacities, besides helping 
to build it up commercially. He served several terms as alderman, was a mem- 
ber of the county board of supervisors, was mayor of Kenosha for five years, 
and twice represented his district in the State Legislature, in 1872-73 and 1876- 
"]■], being the first Democrat elected to that incumbency for over twenty years. 
From 1850 to i860 and in 1872 he served as chief engineer of the Kenosha fire 
department. Throughout his ptiblic service he showed himself a public- 
spirited and progressive official, and was liberal with his means as well as his 
influence in supporting worthy movements. He took a particularly active part 
in promoting the excellence of the schools of his city. As a druggist he was 
an enthusiastic supporter of every movement calculated to raise professional 
standards, was a member of the Wisconsin State Board of Pharmacv from its 
organization, and was president of same for some years, and had the honor of 
originating the Pharmacy Act of 1882. He took the leading part in adding 
the Department of Pharmacy to the State University, going before the Board 
of Regents to urge its necessity. Being known as a man of liberal and progres- 
sive ideas his opinion and judgment carried weight whenever expressed. Fra- 
ternally Mr. Robinson was a Knight Templar Mason and a member of the Odd 
Fellows, and he always took great interest in the meetings of the Old Settlers' 
Society of Kenosha County, of which he was at one time the presiding officer. 


Mr. Robinson's death occurred April ii, 1893, when he was sixty-nine years 
old. He was a member of the Episcopal Church, to which his widow also be- 
longs, and served a number of years as vestryman. 

Mr. Robinson was married, in Green Bay, \Vis., Oct. 3, 1852, to Miss 
Ann M. Bertholf, who, with seven children still living, survives him. The chil- 
dren are: Alma E., widow of O. M. Pettit, of Kenosha; Richard T., secretarv 
of the J. I. Case Threshing Machine Company, of Racine; Ida A., Emma E. 
and M. Louise, who are living with their mother at the old home; Frederick, 
vice-president of the J. I. Case Threshing Machine Company of Racine ; and 
Henry B., president of the Merchants & Savings Bank at Kenosha. 

JOSEPH F. DAVIDSON, president of the American Skein & Fonndry 
Co., Twenty-third and Racine streets, Racine, Wis., and vice-presidejit of 
the North American Lead Co., of Fredericktown, Mo., was born Feb. 18, 
1857, in Columbus, Ohio, son of George W. and Barbara (Martin) Davidson, 
natives of Ohio. 

George W. Davidson, Sr., the grandfather of Joseph F. Davidson, was 
a native of Scotland. He came from Edinburgh, and settled in Virginia. 
whence he removed to Columbus, Ohio, where he died aged seventy-six years. 
He was a farmer and a civil engineer, and helped to survey the village of 
Franklinton, which was afterwards named Columbus. His wife, Sarah Ann 
Mann, died aged seventy-six years, leaving a family of ten children, all of 
whom lived to an advanced age. Mr. Davidson was a soldier in the war of 
1 81 2, and was in the employ of the Government as a surveyor. Andrew 
Martin, the maternal grandfatlier of our subject, was born in Germany, made 
his residence in Baden Baden, and was a captain in the German armv. He 
came to America about 1835, and located first in Virginia, later removing to 
Columbus, Ohio, wdiere he was in the employ of a rolling mill companv. He 
and his wife Barbara lived to an advanced age, and at death left four children. 

George W. Davidson, father of Joseph F., had charge of the motor 
power department of the Pennsylvania Railroad, at Columbus, Ohio, and held 
that position for many years. He was commissioned during the Civil war as 
an inspector, to keep up Government repairs to rolling stock. He died in 
Columbus. His wife passed away about 1859. Both were Protestants. They 
had children as follows : John, deceased ; George W.-, of Chicago ; Joseph 
F., of Racine; Charles M., of Columbus, O. : and William C, also of Colum- 
bus, Ohio. 

Joseph F. Davidson was reared in Columbus. Ohio. He attended the 
public schools and then the High school, and then began learning the ma- 
chinist's and coppersmith's trade, afterward learning the boilermaker's busi- 
ness in the shops of the Pennsylvania Railroad Co., at Columbus, and fol- 
lowed that trade as a journeyman for a number of years. About 1879 he 
began making investments in small businesses, and in 1890 engaged in busi- 
ness on his own account, in the manufacture of wagon skeins, and in foundrv 
and machine shop work. In February. 1004. he came to Racine and took 
the presidency of the American Skein & Foundry Co.. whose general offices 
are located at No. 1209-12 13 Chicago Stock Exchange Building. Chicago. 
111. He still retains his interest in the Columbus institution, the two estab- 


lisliments belonging to the same company. In the Racine plant one hundred 
and twenty-five and more men are employed the year round, and are kei^t 
busy filling orders. Mr. Davidson located in Racine June i, 1904, and resides 
at No. 1033 Lake avenue. He is vice-president of the North American Lead 
Company, is interested in the Adding Typewriter Company, and has other 
investments and interests in Columbus, Ohio. 

On Sept. 25, 1879, Mr. Davidson married Miss Louisa J. Peift'er, daugh- 
ter of John and Olive (Pope) Peiffer, and to this union three children have 
been born: William L., Florence E., and Joseph F. J. Of these William L. 
died in infancy. Mr. and Mrs. Davidson are members of the Episcopal 
Church. He is a 32nd degree Scottish Rite ISIason, belonging to York Lodge, 
No. 334, F. & A. M. ; Ohio Chapter, R. A. M. ; Mount Vernon Commandery, 
No. I , K. T. ; and the Scioto Consistory, all of Columbus. He also belongs 
to Aladdin Temple, Ancient Arabic Order, Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, of 

JACKSON I. CASE (deceased) was born Oct. 23, 1865, the only son 
of Jerome I. Case, whose sketch will be found on another page of this work. 

The late Jackson I. Case was given exceptional educational advantages 
and entered manhood well equipped in every way to meet the emergencies 
and to take part in the struggles of life. After completing the public school 
course he attended Racine Academy, later the Michigan Military Academy, 
and still later the Massachusetts Institute of Technology at Boston. In 1883 
he entered into business as bookkeeper for the Fish Brothers Wagon Com- 
pany, and remained in their employ for almost two years. For a number of 
years afterward he served as secretary to his father, who was one of the most 
prominent manufacturers and leading citizens of Racine. 

It was but a just recognition of his sterling character and business in- 
tegrity that in 1891 Mr. Case was offered the nomination for mayor of 
Racine. His political opponent was Adolph Weber, who was up for re- 
election, having previously been elected by a majority of 726 votes. It seemed 
a little hazardous for one who was little more than a boy to make the race 
against a man of Mr. Weber's standing, but the final count showed that he 
was elected by a majority of 286 votes, thus changing the results of the 
previous year by over one thousand votes. He bore the distinction of being 
the youngest man who ever held the position in Racine, and was, at that time, 
said to be the youngest mayor in the United States. He proved capable, and 
little opposition was found during his administration. 

Mr. Case was interested in many important enterprises. He was presi- 
dent and a member of the board of directors of the J. I. Case Plow Works, 
treasurer and director of .the Racine Hotel Company, a director of the ]. I. 
Case Threshing ]\Iachine Company, and also of the Manufacturers' National 
Bank. He was also interested in raising and training turf stock, and owned 
a number of notably fast horses, among these being: "Echora," with a record 
of 2:2314, dam of "Direct," at that time the fastest pacer in the world, with 
a record of 2 :o6. Mr. Case served several terms as secretary of the Wis- 
consin Association of Trotting Horse Breeders, and was also vice-president 
and a member of the executive board of the Northwestern Association of 


Trotting Horse Breeders. In 1889 he served as president of the Wisconsin 
Industrial Association. He was widely and favorably known all over the 

On March 25. 1886, ^Mr. Case was married to Miss Henrietta Roy, and 
four children were born to them: Jerome I., Jr., (named for his grand- 
father ), Roy, Harry and Percival. ]\Ir. Case died Jan. 8. 1903. 

JUDGE MAX W. HECK, Judge of the County Court, Racine county. 
Wis., and a highly esteemed resident of the city of Racine, was born in Chi- 
cago, 111.. June 9, 1869, son of Jacob and \^ictoria (Schlund) Heck, natives of 

The grandfather of our subject was a soldier in the German army, and 
came to America about 1840. His wife died on the trip across the ocean, and 
he survived but a year after, leaving at his death a family of ten children. 

Jacob Heck, the father of the Judge, came to America in 1851, first lo- 
cating at Racine, Wis., where he lived with his bi'other for several years. He 
then went to Chicago, 111., where he learned the machinist's trade, and, return- 
ing to Racine, engaged in a grocery business, in which he continued until his 
death. April 12, 1885, at the age of forty-two years. His widow, Victoria 
(Schlund) Heck, still survives him. Both were Lutherans. Mr. Heck was al- 
derman of the First ward at the time of his death. Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Heck 
had these children : Jacob Philip, of Memphis. Tenn. ; Frank Fidel, of Engle- 
wood, Chicago; Judge Max W., of Racine: Charlotte, wife of Emil Bartz, of 
Chicago ; Victor, of Racine : Miss Minnie, also of Racine : and one that died in 
infancy. Mrs. Heck was a daughter of Anthony Schlund. a native of Ger- 
many, who on coming to the United States, settled in Illinois. In 1855 he re- 
moved to New Jersey, and died at Newark, that State, about 1882, when up- 
wards of eighty years of age. Mr. Schlund had been a soldier in the German 
army. He had eight sons, each one of whom was in the army during the 
Civil war. 

Judge Max W. Heck was brought to Racine when one year old, and here 
attended the public and parochial schools. He later attended the academical 
school, and subsequently supplemented this with a law course at the University 
of Wisconsin from which he was graduated in 1892, being admitted to the 
Bar in June of that year. He at once began practice in Racine, of which city 
he was city attorney from 1898 to iQOi. In 1901 he was elected Judge of the 
County Court, and this office he still fills, being re-elected in 1905. Judge Heck 
was married April 29, 1896. to Miss Luella M. Pritchard. daughter of Hugh 
and ^Margaret (Owen) Pritchard. and to this union one daughter. Margery 
Maxine, has been born. 

Mrs. Heck is a member of the Episcopal Church. Judge Heck is a thirtv- 
second degree Mason, and belongs to Racine Lodge, No. 18, F. & A. M.; 
Orient Chapter, No. 12. R. A. M.; Racine Commanderv. No. 7, K. T. : Wis- 
consin Consistory, Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite Masons : and to Tripoli 
Temole, Nobles of the Mvstic Shrine. He also belongs to the Knights of 
Pythias fraternity, Racine Lodge. No. 7,2. and is past presiding officer of that 
lodsfe. He is a member of Ben Hur and the Imnroved Order of Red Men, 
and of the U^nited Order of Foresters, in which last he has filled all of the 


chairs in the local, Grand and Supreme lodges, including that of Supreme 
Chief Ranger. He also belongs to the Deutscher ^laennerverein of Racine, 
being one of the charter members. Judge Heck is a prominent member of 
the Business Men's Association of Racine. 

FRANK E. STEVENS, M. D. The medical profession, as represented 
in Kenosha county, includes many hne physicians and surgeons, but none 
who are more devoted to their calling or more justly deserve their success, 
than Dr. Frank E. Stevens. He is a native of the county, born in Pleasant 
Prairie township, July ii, 1851, a son of Alanson H. and Mary (Tibbets) 

The Stevens family is of English descent and came to Wisconsin from 
the State of New York, where they had previously been established. The 
great-grandfather of the Doctor was one of those who helped to forge the 
chain put across the Hudson river to keep the British from going up. His son 
Gideon was a farmer in New York and a justice of the peace. He married 
and had a large family, and his seven sons were all long-lived, reaching an 
average age of sixty-eight years. Gideon Stevens died when sixty-five, and 
his wife when eighty-three years old. 

Alanson H. Stevens was born in 1809 and grew up on a farm, but 
learned the tanner's trade. After migrating to Wisconsin in 1842 he turned 
his attention to farming again, and settling in Pleasant Prairie township he 
worked for other farmers awhile and then finally bought 160 acres to operate 
for himself. He lived there for a number of years, but in time sold that place 
and moved into Bristol township, where he bought eighty acres, from which 
the village of Bristol was afterward laid out. The rest of his life was .spent 
there, and he died in 1896. 

Mr. Stevens married Miss Mary Tibbets, also born in New York State, 
though her parents were born in Pennsylvania and died there. They were 
farming people. Mrs. Stevens was one of five children, three sons and two 
daughters. Mr. and Mrs. Stevens lived in Schoharie county, near Gilboa, 
until after their two oldest children were born. To them were born four 
sons and three daughters, but only three are now living, viz. : Martha, widow 
of Philander Buck, of Sheboygan, Wis. ; Sarah E., Mrs. William Gibbs. of 
Stockton, Cal. ; and Dr. Frank E. The parents were both members of the 
Methodist Church and Mr. Stevens was a trustee or steward nearly all his 
life. He was a hard-working man, honest and upright, and was .much re- 
spected among the early settlers with whom he had cast in his lot. His 
brothers were all men of the same character. 

Dr. Frank E. Stevens spent his boyhood on his father's farm and gained 
his early education in the district schools. Afterward he attended the Osh- 
kosh Normal School, and was a member of the first class graduated from that 
institution. Thus prepared, he naturally entered upon the teacher's profes- 
sion, and was so engaged for three years. He then entered the medical de- 
partment of the Northwestern University in Chicago, and was graduated in 
1879. having the honor of being valedictorian of his class. Dr. Stevens be- 
gan practicing in the following year in Union Grove, and in 1884 removed 
to Bristol where he has had his ofifice ever since and has built up a large 


On Jan. i, 1880, Dr. Stevens was married to Aliss Ida N., daughter of 
Benjamin F. and Lucy (Oakes) Murphy. Mrs. Stevens is a sister of N. O. 
Murphy, governor of Arizona for five years, and also of F. M. Murphy, 
president of the S. F. & P. Railroad system in Arizona. Dr. and Mrs. Stevens 
have had four children, as follows: Alice M., who married E. C. Smith, of 
Evansville, Wis., now residing in Prescott, Ariz., and who has two daughters, 
Dorothy Ethel and Frances Stevens; Mary E., now at home, who taught for 
a while at Brass Ball, Wis., and also in the Bristol graded school ; and two 
children who died in infancy. Dr. Stevens and his wife belong to the Metho- 
dist Church and are active in its work, the Doctor having been chairman of 
the board of trustees for a number of years. 

Dr. Stevens keeps himself well posted on current medical thought and is 
in close touch with his brother physicians, for he is a member of the County 
and State Medical Societies and the American Medical Association. Besides 
being examining physician for the old-line companies he holds a similar posi- 
tion in Bristol Camp, Modern Woodmen, in which order he holds member- 
ship; he is also a member of Washburn Lodge, No. 145, F. & A. M. Politi- 
cally Dr. Stevens is a Republican. 

FREDERICK H. HAUMERSEX, a prominent business man of Ra- 
cine, has resided in America for nearly the whole of his active career, but 
his earlier life was spent in his native Germany, where he was born in West- 
phalia, Nov. 21, 1841, son of Adolph and Hannah (Groenemier) Haumersen. 

Adolph Haumersen was born in Germany in 1801, and was one of five or 
six children born to his parents, his father dying in Germany well advanced in 
years. Adolph was a farmer by occupation and never left his native land. 
He married Hannah Groenemier, daughter of Carl Groenemier, of Germanv. 
Her parents lived to a good old age and had several sons and daughters. To 
Adolph Haumersen and his wife were born three sons and three daughters, 
of whom only the following are now living: Henry, of Westphalia, Ger- 
many; Henrietta, wife of Carl W'ellner, of Westphalia, Germany; William F., 
of Ft. Atkinson, Wis.; and Frederick H. The father died in 1869 and the 
mother in 1 870. Both belonged to the Lutheran Church. 

Frederick H. Haumersen was brought up in Germany and was given the 
good education which the public schools there offer to all German youths. 
He learned the brick making business in the Fatherland and followed it there 
for a few years, but in the spring of 1867, immediately after his marriage, he 
sailed for America, and has remained in this country ever since. He first 
located in Milwaukee, but after a brief stay of but two months in that citv, 
he came to Racine, started a brick yard, and has been engaged in the manu- 
facture of bricks there from that time to the present. Altogether he has been 
in the business forty-five years. His present plant employs about sixteen per- 
sons, and manufactures a million and a half bricks annually. Mr. Haumersen 
is thoroughly posted in all the details of his business, is a good financier, and 
is possessed of much executive ability, so that he has been eminently success- 
ful in his operations, and ranks among the prosperous men of Racine. 

On March 10, 1867, in Germany, Frederick H. Haumersen took to him- 
self as his wife. Miss Henrietta He'brock, daughter of Frederick and Fred- 


ericka Hebrock. Nine children ha\e been born to them, five of whom are 
deceased, (i) Frederick is a grocer in Racine, in which business his father 
also has an interest. He married Miss Lydia Kopplin and has two sons, Alvin 
and Wilfred. (2) Ernest died at the age of twenty-five. (3) John is a 
partner of his father in the brick industry. His wife was a Miss Carrie 
Stauss and they have three children, Irene, Henry and Milton. (4) Charles 
is also in partnership with his father in the brick business. He married (first) 
IMiss Julia Wittenweiler, now deceased, by whom he had one son, Charlie. 
He married (second) Miss Anna Remer. To this union also, one son was 
born, Willis. (5) George, a resident of Chicago, is assistant superintendent in 
a wood finishing factory. He married i\Iiss Hattie Stoeller, and has one 
daughter, Edith. (6) William died when five years old. (7) Henry died at 
the age of twenty-four. (8) Nettie died when four and a half years old. 
(9) Mary died wdien three years old. The family home is at No. 1423 North 
Main street, a residence which Mr. Haumersen erected in 1903. He and his 
wife are both members of the German Evangelical Association, and prom- 
inent in the work of that society. Politically Mr. Haumersen is a Republican 
but is little concerned in municipal affairs. 

Mrs. Haumersen's parents were born in Germany and her mother died 
there in 185 1. In the fall of 1867 her father came to America and lived in 
Racine until his death in 1873, when sixty-eight years of age. They had a 
family of six children, of whom only two daughters now remain, Hannah, 
residing in Germany, the widow of Henry \\'isman ; and Henrietta, Mrs. 

HENRY H. HYDE, secretary and manager of the Racine Gaslight 
Company, of Racine, Wis., is an experienced man in his special line, having- 
a thorough understanding of the practical side of the business as well as being 
capable of assisting in the management of large enterprises like the above. 

Mr. Hyde was born Oct. 2, 1865, at Cleveland. O., a son of Gustavus 
A. and Elizabeth R. (Fusselman) Hyde, the former a native of Massa- 
chusetts and the latter of Ohio. Of the five children born to them, four sons 
and one daughter, the survivors are: Florence, wife of Marcus W. 
Levkowicz. of Alameda, Cal. ; Henry H., of Racine, and Eugene A., of Cleve- 

Gustavus A. Hyde was a civil engineer for a number of years, but he 
is now a gas engineer at Cleveland, where he has lived for over a half cen- 
tury. His wife died Sept. 30, 1903. aged seventy-nine years. She was a 
devoted member of the Baptist Church, to which religious' body her husl)and 
also belongs. The father of Gustavus A. Hyde was born in Massachusetts, 
where he lived and died. The maternal grandfather of our subject, Peter P. 
Fusselman, was a native of Ohio, was a carpenter by trade, and died at Fre- 
mont, Ohio, aged seventy-five years. 

Until he was eighteen years old Henry H. Hyde lived at Cleveland, at- 
tending the common and high schools, and then learned the gas business 
with his older brother. Gustavus A.. Jr.. who died at Saginaw. Mich., where 
Henry H. Hyde lived for four years. He then spent two years in charge of 
the gas works at Michigan City. Ind., returning to Cleveland, where he was 
employed for two years with the Cleveland Gaslight and Coke Companv. 
During this time he had charge of the construction of their No. 2 works. He 


then went back to Saginaw to take charge of the East Saginaw Gas Company 
there, and remained until June, 1899, when he came to Racine and took charge 
of the Racine Gashght Company, becoming secretary and general manager. 
Mr. Hyde is a self-made man, his success being the result of his persevering 
energy. In these days of fierce competition, those who advance beyond their 
fellows in any line of endeavor, must possess notable characteristics. 

On Sept. 28, 1892, Mr. Hyde was married to Miss Estelle L. Smith, 
daughter of Thomas A. and Gertrude Smith, and they have two young daugh- 
ters, Dorothy G. and Helen H. Mr. and Mrs. tlyde are members of the 
Episcopal Church. 

JOHN M. KEHLOR, a prominent resident of Kenosha, where he is en- 
gaged in the real estate business and as secretary and treasurer of the Kenosha 
Realty Company (real estate, loans and insurance), is one of the younger busi- 
ness men of the city, but has already made for himself an influential place 
among the substantial citizens of the place. His success is due largely to the 
sterling qualities of mind and character for which he is partly indebted, per- 
haps, to the Scottish ancestry from which he comes. 

The original form of the name in Scotland was MacKehlor. The fam- 
ily has been represented in America only through two generations, as James 
MacKehlor, the grandfather of John M., never left Scotland, but passed his 
life there engaged as a manufacturer of shawls. He died in middle life. His 
wife was Miss Elizabeth Brodie and she became the mother of three sons and 
two daughters. 

John Christie MacKehlor, son of James, was born in Scotland, Jan. 20, 
1839. He came to America in early manhood and settled first at Milwaukee, 
then going to Elkhorn. Wis., where he went into the grain business, but after- 
ward moved to St. Louis. In 1873 he returned to Wisconsin and located in 
Kenosha, where he continued in active financial operations until his death. 
Besides holding the office of president of the M. H. Pettit Malting Company, 
he retained an interest in a flouring mill in St. Louis. Mr. MacKehlor died 
while a comparatively young man, being only forty-six years old at the time 
death claimed him, June i, 1885. His wife, whose maiden name was Isabella 
Remer, was born in New York State in 1844, passing away May 16, 1888. 
Both were Episcopalians. Their seven children were as follows: Bertha, wife 
of L. W. Stebbins, of Chicago; John M., of Kenosha; James Remer, of Chi- 
cago ; Stephen Eugene, of Chicago ; D. Howard, of St. Louis : and two 
daughters, who died in infancy. 

On the Remer side, John M. Kehlor is connected with the Riggs familv, 
of Revolutionary ancestry, and his claim to membership with the Sons of the 
American Revolution rests on his descent from Joseph Riggs, Jr.. of Connec- 
ticut. The following, taken from the Records of the State of Connecticut, 
for January. 1779, Vol. I, p. 173, gives the line of descent. 

(I) Joseph Riggs, Jr., was a lieutenant in the 4th Company, 2d Regi- 
metit, nf Connecticut troops, and fought in the Revolution. He married 
Rachel Chatfield. 

(II) Hannah Riggs married Josiah Whitney. 

dll) Hannah Riggs Whitney married Abram Remer. 

(IV) Stephen Henry Remer was the maternal grandfather of John M. 



Keillor. He was born in New York State ami there married Miss Adeline 
Tibbies. They came to Wisconsin in the forties, settling at Elkhorn, where 
Stephen Remer died in middle life. His wife lived to be seventy. They had 
two children: Isabella, Mrs. Kehlor; and Clarence E., of Kenosha. 

John M. Kehlor was born in Elkhorn, Wis., March 9, 1867, and was six 
years old when his parents moved to St. Louis. Only one year was spent in 
that city, as the family settled in Kenosha in 1873, ^^^d there the boy attended 
the public schools, completing the course ofYered, and graduating from high 
school, after which he entered Racine College. In 1883 he went to St. Louis 
to work in a new flouring-mill which his father had just built there, and he 
remained in that position till the property was sold after his father's death. 
For a short time after that he worked in a grain elevator belonging to his uncle, 
James B. M. Kehlor, of St. Louis, and then went to Memphis, Tenn., to rep- 
resent the firm of Kehlor Brothers, flour manufacturers. From here he again 
returned to St. Louis and went into the grain commission business under the 
style of Kehlor & Samuels. This partnership continued until 1890, when Mr. 
Kehlor withdrew and went into the mining business in Joplin, Mo. He re- 
mained there only two years, and then came north to Kenosha, where, after 
several years on the Chicago Board of Trade, he established himself in the real 
estate and insurance business. He has been very generally successful in his 
operations, and is one of Kenosha's substantial men. 

On Jan. g, 1889, John M. Kehlor was joined in wedlock to Miss Francesca 
Reese Haven, daughter of Julius and Ellen (Spear) Haven, of Chicago, and 
later of Kenosha, the former of whom was a paymaster in the army. To this 
union three children have been torn, James Malcolm, Hugh Spear and Ken- 
neth Haven. Mr. Kehlor and his wife both belong to the Episcopal 
Church. They reside in a beautiful home, just completed, on the lake 
shore, one of the finest in the county. Mr. Kehlor is very prominent in fra- 
ternal circles, being especially active in the Order of Elks, belonging to Keno- 
sha Lodge, No. 750; he w^as exalted ruler two terms, besides being, in 1903, 
the district deputy grand exalted ruler for the State of Wisconsin, and is at 
the present time a member of the Auditing Committee of the Grand Lodge. 
Mr. Kehlor is a thirty-second-degree Mason, and is af^liated with Kenosha 
Lodge, No. 47. F. & A. M.; Racine Commandery, No. 7, Knights Templar; 
and the Mystic Shrine. Politically he is a Republican. 

JOHN T. WENTWORTH, an attorney-at-law of Racine, Wis., is 
well and favorably known to the people of that city. He was born at Sara- 
toga Springs, N. Y., Jan. 13, 1855, son of John T. and Frances (McDonnell) 
Wentworth, natives of New York State. 

John Wentworth, the paternal grandfather of our subject, spent his life 
in Greenfield, N. Y., where he died in middle life. 

Tohn T. Wentworth. son of John and father of our subject, was a law- 
yer o"f Saratoga, N. Y.. and located in Chicago in 1S57. There he practiced 
for several years, and in i860 removed to Lake Geneva, remaining there until 
1869. In this vear Mr. \Ventworth removed to Elkhorn, where he remained 
until 1877, when he located in Racine, and there spent the remainder of his 


life, dying when about seventy-six years of age. He \vas circuit judge for 
nine years, and prior to that had been clerk of the court of Walworth county, 
and had also served as district attorney. He was prominent in Masonic cir- 
cles. He married Frances McDonnell, daughter of Thomas McDonnell, and 
thev had these children; Jnhn T., of Racine; McDonnell, deceased; Mary 
E., of Chicago; and Jane R., the wife of J. Pinto, of Brussels. Belgium. 
Both Mr. and Mrs. XV'entworth were Presbyterians. Thomas McDonnell, 
father of Mrs. Wentworth, was a native of irelantl, of Scotch ancestry, who 
came from Porto Ferry, in the northeast part of Ireland, to America, and first 
landed in New York City, whence he went to Charleston, S. C, later return- 
ing to New York, and settling in Syracuse. He finally located at Saratoga 
Springs, where the remainder of his life was spent, dying there at an ad- 
vanced age. 

John T. Wentworth, our subject, spent his boyhood days at Lake Geneva, 
Wis., attended the public schools there, and was graduated from the high 
school in 1873, later entering Yale College, from which he was graduated in 
1879. He had been admitted to the Bar the year previous, and came to Racine 
in 1880, since which time he has practiced law here. Mr. Wentworth and his 
mother reside at No. 170J College avenue. 

WTLLIAM W. DINGEE, mechanical engineer of the J. I. Case Thresh- 
ing Machine Company, Racine, Wis., is a native of Philadelphia. Pa., born 
Jan. 5, 1 83 1, son of Dr. Obediah and Hannah (Welch) Dingee, also natives 
of Pennsylvania. The Dingees are of Huguenot descent. The grand- 
father of our subject, Jacob Dingee, was a farmer. He and his wife, Eliza- 
beth, both lived to advanced age. 

Dr. Obediah Dingee, who was a physician, practiced all of his active life 
in Pennsylvania. He died in Lancaster count}', that State, in 1849, 'i^ fi's 
fiftieth year, while his wife survived him until 1884, being eighty-four years 
old at the time of her demise. She and her husband were Quakers. They had 
three children : Charles, a rose man of West Grove, Pa. ; Dr. Richartl, who 
is deceased; and William W. 

William W. Dingee was reared in Pennsylvania. He served an appren- 
ticeship in Baltimore to the machinist's trade, and in 1852 established the ma- 
chinist business in York, Pa., which is now carried on by A. B. Farquhar, 
remaining there until 1863, in which year the establishment was burned out. 
Mr. Farquhar was Mr. Dingee's apprentice, and during the last two years of 
Mr. Dingee's stay they were in partnership. In 1863 Mr. Dingee came to Ra- 
cine, ^^'is., and established what was known as the Geiser Threshing Machine 
Company. A few years later he removed to Oshkosh. where he was engaged 
with the Sawyer Manufacturing Company, of which the late Senator Saw- 
yer was president. In 1878 the Case Company bought out the Sawyer Com- 
pany, and Mr. Dingee has been with this company ever since, in Racine. He 
is of an inventive turn of mind, and has taken out perhaps one hundred pat- 
ents. For the past few years he has traveled extensively, visiting prominent 
points in all parts of the United States and Europe in the interests of the 

On Oct. 28, 1855, Mr. Dingee was married to INIiss }>Iartha Parker at 


the home of Rev. Theodore Pa.ker, her uncle, in Boston, Mass. Mrs. Dingee 
was born in Lexington, Mass., June 13, 1831, daughter of Isaac and Martha 
M. (Miller) Parker, and a great-granddaughter of Capt. John Parker, of 
Revolutionary fame. Two children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Dingee : 
Gertrude Parker, a Latin teacher in the Hyde Park high school, Chicago; and 
Theodore, who died aged seven years. Mrs. Dingee is a L'nitarian. 

Politically Mr. Dingee is a Republican, and he was at the convention 
which nominated Fremont for President, since which time he has voted the 
Republican ticket regularly. He owns and occupies a beautiful home at No. 
1 1 24 Main street. Mr. Dingee was an early member of the American Society 
of Mechanical Engineers. 

The founder of the Parker family in America was Thomas Parker, of 
Lynn, Mass., who settled here in 1637. Capt. John Parker, Mrs. Dingee's 
great-grandfather, died at the battle of Bunker Hill, in 1775, having been in 
command of the company of sixty men who went out to meet the British 
force of eight hundred at Lexington. This was the first battle of the Revo- 
lutionary war. His son, John Parker, was a farmer and pump maker. He 
married Hannah Stearns, and they reared a family of eleven children, the 
youngest of whom was the Rev. Theodore Parker, of the 28th Congrega- 
tional Society of Boston, who died in Florence, Italy, in i860, and whose 
grave in the Protestant cemetery there is still visited by many tourists from 
all parts of the world. His birthplace at Lexington is marked by a granite 
monument on the old Parker farm. Isaac Parker, Mrs. Dingee's father, was 
a farmer at Lexington, Mass., carrying on operations on a farm which had 
been in the family since 171 2, and which is now owned by Mrs. Dingee's 
brother, Charles. There Isaac Parker died in 1872, aged seventy-five years, 
his wife surviving him until 1897, when she passed away, lacking a few weeks 
of being ninety-six years old. She and her husband had eight children, five 
sons and three daughters, and of this family. Mrs. Dingee and Charles, who 
was a soldier of the Civil war, being in a Massachusetts regiment, are the 
only living members. 

Mrs. Dingee is a Daughter of the American Revolution ; is an advocate 
of Woman Suffrage, and edited the Wisconsin Citiccn. a Woman SufTragist 
paper, for seven years gratuitously. She and her husband are very highly 
esteemed throughout the city. 

PATRICK H. CONNOLLY, city engineer and a member of the lioard 
of public works, ex-officio, of Racine, \\'is., was torn in Rochester, N. Y., 
April 24. 1863, son of Patrick and Eliza (Beaumont) Connelly, the former a 
native of County Westmeath. Ireland, and the latter of Centerville, Mich. 
The father of Patrick H. was a wagonmaker, emigrating to America many 
years ago and settling in Rochester, N. Y. There he resided until 1864, when 
he removed to Racine, which has since been his home. He at first engaged in 
the setting up of threshing machines in the shops of the J. I. Case Company, 
afterward being employed by Bull & Wooster, at the Bain \Vagon Works 
(Kenosha), and finally at the Fish Brothers' Wagon Works, where he has 
remained for the past forty years. Mrs. Eliza (Beaumont) Connolly died 
Nov. 22, 1878, aged forty years, both she and her husband being attendants 


of the Catholic Church. The following children were born to ]\lr. and Mrs. 
Connolly; William E., of Allegheny, I'a. ; John E.. of Racine; Patrick H. ; 
Frank, of Racine; James, of Allegheny, Pa., and Mary Veronica, of Racine. 

Patrick H. Connolly was but one year old when brought to Racine by 
his parents. There he grew to manhood, and he has made that city his home 
most of his life. He attended the public and high schools, graduating from 
the latter in 1881, and was a student in the civil engineering department of 
the State University, completing his course in 1885. Since that year he has 
been engaged in professional work. Since 1899 he has served as city engineer, 
having previously been village engineer of Riverside for a period of seven 
years. In politics he is independent. 

On May 28, 1891, Patrick H. Connolly married Miss Catherine A. Hass, 
daughter of George A. and Sarah x\. (Houpt) Hass, and to them have been 
born the following: George H., on Aug. 5, 1892; Frances E., Nov. 13, 
1893; Henry, March 20, 1896, and Robert, April 21, 1899. Mr. Connolly 
lives in a pleasant home, at No. 1310 Wisconsin street, where the many friends 
of himself and wife are always welcome. 

CHARLES B. McCANNA was born April 21, 1851, in Jefferson county, 
N. Y., and was reared in his native State on a farm. He attended the dis- 
trict schools and the high scliool, graduating from the latter, after which he 
taught school for five or six winters. His early training however, had been 
along agricultural lines, and he found his business instincts developing best in 
that direction. He engaged in dairying and cheesemaking in Jefferson county, 
also running- a cheese factory there for two years, but he finally decided to try 
his fortunes in the West. In the spring of 1876 he migrated to Wisconsin, and 
after spending two months at Fond du Lac located in Allen's Grove, Walworth 
county, where he purchased a cheese factory in company with T. P. Davis. 
They continued together for two years, after which Mr. McCanna located in 
Rochester, Racine county, where he remained a year, removing thence to 
Springfield, Wis., where he married. He resided there for several years, in 
1887 removing to Burlington, where he has since been established. Here he 
opened a large cheese factory and creamery, also becoming interested in a num- 
ber of the leading factories in the surrounding country. In 1893 he -associated 
himself w'ith R. G. Fraser of Glasgow, Scotland, and the firm name is known 
as INIcCanna & Fraser Company, a corporation which is still in existence, and 
is at the present time running the old business which was organized by C. B. 
McCanna & Co., consisting of some twelve or fifteen creameries in the sur- 
rourding country -which they are operating. They are also purchasing the 
butter from several more independent creameries, marketing their product in 
Philadelphia. Pennsylvania, where the company has its own store at No. 40 
South Water street, and distributes its own butter to the choice trade of that 
city. * 

In 1898 he. in company with R. G. Fraser and others, organized the Wis- 
consin Condensed Milk Company, which concern is still running and doing 
an immense business. They also have a branch office at Pecatonica. III., and 
their output ranges from ten to twelve cars of condensed milk per week. Mr. 
McCanna is president of l)oth con-ipanies. arifl his son. Charier Rov. is secre- 




tary. The two companies employ from 100 to 125 people, and occnpy the 
original and another plant built in 1901-OJ. 

In September, 1879, Mr. McCanna was married to Pauline Cheeseman, 
a native of Racine county, daughter of Edward and Eliza (Johnson) Cheese- 
man, originally of England, who were pioneer settlers in Racine county. One 
son has been born to Mr. and ]Mrs. McCanna, Charles Roy. 

The family belongs to the Catholic Church, and Mr. ]\IcCanna affiliates 
with the Knights of Columbus. He is independent of political connection, pre- 
ferring to support the men and measures he favors most without party bias. 
He is president of the Burlington school board, and vice president of the Bank 
of Burlington. 

Mr. McCanna is an influential citizen of Burlington and one of the most 
prominent business men in this section of Racine, in addition to the interests 
previously mentioned being president of the Burlington Land and Improve- 
ment Association and president and treasurer of the Burlington Brass Works. 
He is a man of ability and acumen, honest and upright in every dealing, and 
though strict in all his transactions is respected and liked where\'er known. 

HORACE T. SANDERS (deceased). The city of Racine had in 
Horace T. Sanders a whole-hearted patriot and a man whose devotion to the 
interests of his State and country probably hastened the end of a noble and 
notable life. He was born at Sheldon, Genesee Co., N. Y.. Mav i, 1820, and 
died Oct. 6, 1865. 

Ichabod and Sallie (Turner) Sanders, his parents, were natives of New 
York and they had three children, all of whom have passed from the scene 
of life. The early records of the family were not preserved, hence it is im- 
possible to trace the source whence came the noble qualities which Horace 
T. Sanders possessed, or to draw a lesson from the early surroundings which 
so evidently shaped his career. 

Mr. Sanders received his collegiate training at Lockport, N. Y. He 
iDecame a member of the legal profession, and in ]\Iay. 1842, settled in 
Racine, Wis., soon afterward being elected district attorney for the county, 
a position he filled for many years under both Territorial and State govern- 
ments. In 1847 he was elected a member of the Constitutional Convention 
and served in that body as chairman of the committee on General Provisions, 
which embraced the consideration and perpetuation of many of the most im- 
portant articles in the new Constitution ; be was one of the signers of the Con- 
stitution, which he drafted. He took a prominent part in the general debates 
and proceedings, and because of his legal training, education and intelligence, 
was able to render very useful and valuable services. He served as a member 
of the Assembly from Racine in 1853 ^"<:1 *°o'^ ^" important i^art in the pro- 
of that body. During the impeachment trial of Judge Levi Hubbell, he was 
chairman of the committee of managers. In 1862 he was appointed colonel 
of the 19th Wisconsin Infantry and was assigned for service to the i8th 
Army Corps. Among other duties to which he was called during the several 
following years were those pertaining to the rank of brigadier-general and 
of provost judge of the city of Norfolk, Va. The fatigues and hardships of 
several campaigns on the field, with consequent exposure, proved too much 


for his physical constitution and his death came as the result. He lived long 
enough, however, to witness the final triumph of the Union cause which was 
so dear to his heart. 

Mr. Sanders was married March 4, 1848. to Miss Eunice Wentworth, 
daughter of Ebenezer and Catherine (Walrath) Wentworth — a most nappy 
marriage. They became the parents of eight children, one son and seven 
daughters, viz. : Horace Turner, Martha, jeanie, Ella W., Margaret, Sarah 
Fredrika, Catherine and Eunice W. The only son, Horace, died in his 
seventh year. Martha died in her ninth year. Jeanie is unmarried. Ella W. 
married John Edwin Pyatt, and they have one son, Horace Sanders ; they 
reside in Oak Park, Chicago. Margaret and Fredrika died in girlhood. 
Catherine married Rev. W. A. Masker, an Episcopal clergyman. Eunice W. 
married Richard Bernard Hughes and had two daughters, Eunice \V. and 
Dorothea W. 

Mrs. Sanders is a descendant of Elder William Wentworth, of York- 
shire, England, and her parents were natives of New York State and were of 
English and i!)utch descent, the founders of the Wentworth family having 
come to America from England. The father was an architect and house- 
builder, and came to Wisconsin in 1842, settling with his family at Raymond 
Center, where he bought a farm which he subsecjuently sold and in 1862 
moveil to Minnesota. He settled at Northfield. Rice county, and died there 
the following year, aged eighty-three years and eleven months. He was a 
soldier in the war of 1812. The children of Mr. and Mrs. Wentworth were 
ten in number, two sons and eight daughters, Mrs. Sanders being one of the 
survivors. The maternal grandparents of Mrs. Sanders were Jacob H. and 
Margaret (Webb) Walrath, who lived and died in New York. The grand- 
father Walrath was a Revolutionary soldier. 

Col. Sanders belonged to a very important period of time in the history 
of Wfs'consin and his place is with her distinguished sons. In his profession 
he was a man of marked ability. In every circle he was the center. His per- 
sonality was that of a cultivated, affable gentleman, whose friends and ad- 
mirers were legion. His widow, Mrs. Eunice (Wentworth) Sanders, is still 
li\ing in Racine, remarkably active in body and mind for one of lier years. 

CHRISTOPHER C. GITTINGS, of the well-known law firm of Pal- 
mer & Gittings, Racine, Wis., is a prominent member of the Racine Bar. 
He was born in Caledonia, Racine Co., Wis., Oct. 29, 1862, son of William 
and Elizabeth (Gittings) Gittings, natives of Montgomeryshire, Wales. The 
paternal grandfather came from Wales with his son William, and spent the 
remainder of his life on the farm, upon which he died, aged eighty-nine years. 
His children were : William, the father of Christopher C. ; Margaret, Mrs. 
Price, deceased: and Jane, the wife of Ellis Gittings. The maternal grand- 
father of our subject, Thomas Gittings, was a farmer of Wales, where he 

William Gittings, our subject's father, has always been a farmer, but is 
now living retired. He came from Wales in 1840, settling in New York State, 
and lived at Utica and in that vicinity for fifteen years. In 11^55 he came to 
Racine county. Wis., and purchased a farm of 140 acres in Caledonia town- 


ship, which she stiH owns. Several years ago he and his wife moved to Ra- 
cine, where she died in 1903, aged seventy-four years, in the faith of the Con- 
gregational Church, to which Mr. Gittings also belongs. He has held various 
township offices. Mr. and Mrs. William Gittings had children as follows : 
Kate, the wife of John Pugh, of Racine; William G., manager of the Gold 
Medal Camp Furniture Company, of Racine ; Mary, deceased, who was the 
wife of Charles E. Kittinger; Christopher C, of Racine; Miss Elizabeth, of 
Racine; Ward R., of Racine; and John T., an attorney at Union Grove, Wis., 
secretary of the Old Settlers' Society. 

Christopher C. Gittings was reared on his father's farm in Caledonia 
township and attended the district schools, graduating from McMiini's Acad- 
emy in 1881. Some years later he attended Racine College, and during that 
time studied law in the offices of Fuller & Fuller, being admitted to the Bar 
in 1889. The same year he commenced practice in his present office. Henry 
T. Fuller, the senior, died July 12, 1889, and some time later Mr. Gittings, 
Percival S. Fuller (son of Henry T.) and Colin H. Fyffe formed a partner- 
ship and practiced for a time, Mr. Gittings having charge of the Racine 
office, while Mr. Fuller and Mr. Fyi^e ran the Chicago office. This partnership 
continued one year, when Mr. Fuller withdrew his interest in the Racine of- 
fice and confined his practice to Chicago. Mr. Gittings and W^alter C. Palmer 
then formed the partnership which still continues, under the firm name of 
Palmer & Gittings. 

On May 16, 1901, ■Mr. Gittings married Miss Laura A. Jones, daughter of 
Capt. John W. and Jane Jones. Mr. and Mrs. Gittings are members of the 
Park Avenue Congregational Church, of which he is treasurer and deacon. 
Fraternally he is connected with Racine Lodge, No. 18, F. & A. M., and has 
been a member of Lodge No. 32, Knights of Pythias, for many years. Po- 
litically he is a Republican. He has held numerous offices, having been city 
attorney for five years, on the State Central Committee for many years, a 
delegate to several State conventions, is chairman of the Republican County 
Central Committee, treasurer of the Republican State Central Committee, 
and at present postmaster of Racine. Mr. Gittings resides at No. 1303 Main 
street, where he owns a fine home, also being the owner of a nice residence 
property on Asylum avenue, and three acres of ground. He is president of 
the Gold Medal Camp Furniture Company, in which he owns a half-interest, 
and is interested in farm lands in Racine county and South Dakota. 

ALBERT L. FLEGEL. a practical architect and author of several 
works on architecture, who resides at No. 613 Wisconsin street, Racine, was 
bom on Grand Island, New York, Sept. 13, 1864, son of Frederick and Alice 
C. (Neef) Flegel. 

Frederick Flegel was born in Erie, Pa., while his wife was a native 
of Buffalo, N. Y. Their union was blessed with seven children, namely : 
Albert L., of Racine; Harry D., of Racine; Nellie, who married R. W. Lang- 
don, of Pardeeville, Wis. ; Eugene, who lived but three months ; and Chaun- 
cey R., Benjamin, and Frederick, all of Racine. Mr. Flej-el came to Colum- 
bia county. Wis., about 1876, and remained there for ten years, after which 
he went to the northern part of the State for five years, and in 1891 located 


permanently in Racine, w here he still resides. He is a contractor and builder 
by occupation. 

The paternal grandfather of Albert L. Flegel lived to a godd old age, 
and was 'the father of a large family. The maternal grandfather of Mr. 
Flegel was born in Switzerland, was a farmer and speculator in land, and lived 
to the age of seventy-eight, while his wife was ninety-nine years old when 
she died. They had thirteen children. 

Albert L. Flegel lived in Tonawanda, N. Y., until he was eleven years 
old, and attended school there. From that time he has resided almost en- 
tirely in Wisconsin, growing to manhood in Columbia county. He worked at 
carpentry under his father for three and a half years, and then began contract- 
ing. After ten years in that line, he took up architectural work, beginning in 
Chicago, but in 1888 he located in Racine. In addition to the practical side of 
the business, he has also established a mail order office and has orders from all 
sections. Mr. Flegel has written seven books on architecture, along such lines 
as "Flegel's Modern Homes," and is likewise the founder and proprietor of a 
magazine entitled "The Modern Home Builder," which has a good circulation. 
Mr. Flegel's office is located at No. 220 Fifth street. 

The marriage of Mr. Flegel to Miss Sarah A. ]\IcKinley, daughter of 
John and V. V. McKinley, was celebrated in 1889. Both are members of the 
Universalist Church, attending the Good Shepherd's. Mr. Flegel takes no 
active part in politics, but votes the Republican ticket. Sociallv he belongs to 
Racine Lodge, No. 18, F. & A. M. 

JOSEPH DULLER (deceased) accomplished as much as anv one man 
in the industrial and municipal development of Racine, Wis., and stood i^er- 
sonally for all that was honorable, public-spirited and charitable. As a Ger- 
man-American citizen he was an honor to his Fatherland and to his adopted 
country, such as he representing an element in the national life which is at the 
foundation of its greatness. From early youth until his death in his seventy- 
fourth year he was virtually a resident of the city of Racine, and during that 
long period of nearly sixty years he continued steadily to weave his personality 
into the confidence and admiration of the community. His friends and fellow 
citizens not only rewarded him with an unbounded faith in his ability and in- 
tegrity, but with manifestations of their loyalty in such forms as the mayoralty 
and the aldermanship. 

Mr. Miller was born in Niederzer, Rhenish Prussia, Aug. 8, 1832. a son 
of Reiner and Elizabeth (Gramlich) Miller. Until he was fifteen years of age 
he was educated in the thorough manner of the average German boy. On 
Sept. 27, 1847, however, his father decided to leave the old country and search 
for better labor conditions and opportunities for his growing family, in the land 
across the ocean, arriving in New York City the latter part of October on the 
sailing vessel "Shakespeare." On the .-^rd of November he left BufYalo on the 
steamer "Saratoga" and arrived in Milwaukee on the nth of the month. Ac- 
quaintances had already established themselves at Racine, the prosoerous little 
town in the woods of Wisconsin, and thither he traveled with wife and five 
children. There thev located, and both i-iarents lived in the city to an advanced 
age. Their children were: Joseph, of Racine; Margaret, wife of \Mlliam 



Peil, of Milwaukee; Henry J.; Constantine, who met death by drowning- in 
1855, in the Mississippi river; Clara, wife of C. T. Schweitzer, vice-president 
of The J. Miller Company; and Rev. William G., a priest of the Catholic 
Church now stationed at Waukesha, Wisconsin. 

Joseph Miller was a well-grown, fairly educated youth of fifteen years 
when his parents brought him to Racine in November, 1847. In the succeed- 
ing spring he entered into an apprenticeship with McDonald & Roby, shoe- 
makers, afterward working as journeyman and foreman, and in the fall of 
1857, purchased the business of his former employers. In the purchase of the 
original stock he not only used all of his savings, but was obliged to draw upon 
his credit, which even at that early day was considerable. Within a few years 
he had so expanded the business that it rec^uired commodious quarters, and he 
was an acknowledged leader in the boot and shoe trade of the city. Pros- 
perity rewarded his industry, his fair dealing and his ability, and fortune, also, 
was with him until Jan. 5, 1866, when, in a few hours, a disastrous fire swept 
away all his possessions. 

A very short time was given by Mr. Miller to mourn over his misfor- 
tune. He had mastered the shoe business, both in the manufacturing and dis- 
tributing lines, and he soon resumed operations, although on a very small scale. 
In 1870 he admitted one of his former clerks, A. G. Peil, into partnership, and 
they continued together until 1872, when Mr. Miller sold the store to Mr. Peil 
for the purpose of devoting himself solely to the manufacturing business, feel- 
ing confident that he could successfully engage in that specialty by carefully 
pushing- excellent goods at a fair rate of profit. In 1875 he admitted into part- 
nership Charles T. Schweitzer, his former foreman, and Rush S. Adams, once 
his bookkeeper, and in that year the title of J. Miller & Co. was adopted. 

The new company made no phenomenal leap into public favor ; in fact the 
growth was at first slow, but following out the founder's ideas, the superior 
Cjuality and finish of the goods served as their greatest advertisement, and by 
1875 the annual output had increased to $500,000. In the year named with an 
idea of securing better conditions, Mr. Miller and his associates located in 
Dubuque, Iowa, but the removal was no sooner realized by the capitalists of 
Racine than they agreed that he was too valuable a man to permit another city 
to enjoy the benefits his business would bring to it. Hence they offered a build- 
ing and grounds for his factory at the corner of Fourth street and Lake ave- 
nue if he would return and Mr. Miller, seeing in this not only a friendly inter- 
est but a good business proposition, accepted, with the proviso that he should 
later be permitted to purchase the property. This condition was accepted and, 
several years later, carried out by Mr. Miller to the letter. The return to Ra- 
cine was both a tribute to his business and personal valuers a large factor in 
the prosperity and standing of the city, and a change which seemed to favor 
his individual interests, since he had discovered that, as Dubuque was not a 
manufacturing center, it was tlifhcult to secure and retain the skdled labor 
which he required. 

The business continued to be conducted with an ever-increasmg growth, 
at the corner of Lake avenue and Fourth street, until it became necessary to 
erect a larger factorv for its accommodations, at the corner of Third street and 
Lake avenue. In 1882, during the great fire which so nearly destroyed the 


entire business portion of Racine, his plant was again swept away. Emerging 
from the ordeal a heavy loser, but unthsmayed, lie immediately commenced 
the erection of a larger and more modern manufactory, which was a portion of 
the great establishment in which the departments of "The J. Miller Company" 
were conducted at the time of the founder's death. 

At this time ( 1882) the firm of J. IMiller & Co. was incorporated under 
the name of The J. Miller Company, with the following officers and stock- 
holders : Jos. iNIiller, president; C. T. Schweitzer, vice-president: Frank J. 
Miller, treasurer: Henry C. ]Miller. superintendent; and George W. Miller, 
secretary, with Joseph F. Miller, bookkeeper. 

Mr. Miller's life of constant and strenuous labor, the burdens of which 
were undoubtedly increased by the anxieties incident to at least two calamities 
in his business career, at length undermined a naturally vigorous constitution, 
so that for about a year before his death, Dec. 29, 1905, he was a suiTerer from 
heart disease. At the time of his decease The J. Miller Company furnished em- 
ployment to 375 hands, and the money disbursed to them finds its way into the 
various avenues of business carried on in Racine. It is one of the most impor- 
tant industries of Racine and has been developed mainly through the business 
capacity and personal force of the deceased : but fair credit must also be given 
his associates, wdio are men of keen business perceptions and honorable meth- 
ods. Mr. Miller was interested in a number of other successful enterprises as 
president of the Racine Knitting Company, the Turner Stove Company, the 
Belle City Railway Company, and the Racine Nail and Tack Co. ; director of 
the Chicago Rubber Clothing Company, the Racine Hotel Company, and the 
Cappon Bertsch Leather Company, of Holland, Mich. At one time he was also 
president of the Racine Business Men's Association, a director of the Manu- 
facturers' National Bank and a stockholder in the First National. 

In public life Mr. Miller served the city a number of times on its edu- 
cational boards, was an alderman of the Third ward, and in 1888 was mayor 
of the city. It was during his administration of municipal afifairs that the 
water works system was projected. He was one of the greatest promoters of 
public interests and industries in Racine, being particularly prominent in the 
Business Men's Association, an organization effected for the purpose of ad- 
vancing the welfare of the city in every particular. On account of failing 
health he was finally oljliged to withdraw from all active participation in busi- 
ness and live in comparative retirement at his beautiful home. No. iioo Main 
street. Racine, where he passed away, sincerely and universally mourned. 

Mr. Miller was married Oct. 26, 1854, at Racine, to Miss Theresa Bauer, 
who was born in Germany. Dec. 15. 1831. and they have had six children, five 
sons and one daughter, namely: William, deceased; Elizabeth, deceased; 
Frank J. ; Henry C. ; George W.. and Joseph F., all connected with the J. Mil- 
ler Company. 

Frank J. Miller is treasurer of The J. Aliller Company, as well as a direc- 
tor (if the Manufacturers' Bank. He was treasurer of the Belle City Street 
Railway Company, until it was sold to the Milwaukee Company. He has 
serx-ed terms as school commissioner, and has always taken a lively interest 
in educational matters. Formerly he was president of the Business Men'.s 


Association. His marriage took place Aug. 3. 1888, to Miss Minnie B. Whit- 
ford, daughter of C. P. and Ellen (Sommers) Whitford. 

Henry C. Miller is superintendent of the factory of The J. ]\Iiller Com- 
pany. For two terms he served as alderman of the Second ward. He married 
Miss Cozie Clarke, daughter of John J. and Margaret (Harter) Clarke, of 
Waukesha, and they have two children, Clarke and Noel. 

George W^ Miller is secretary of The J. Miller Company. He is also a 
prominent and useful citizen, and has served as school commissioner for three 
terms. He married Josephine Thomas, daughter of Peter and Mary 
(Scheuer) Thomas, of Racine, and they have three children, Joseph, Grover 
and Bernard. 

Joseph F. Miller is bookkeeper for The J. Miller Company. He married 
Miss Catherine Reichert, daughter (.)f Nicholas and Catherine (Becker) 

Both Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Miller were members of the St. Rose Catholic 
Church of Racine, to which the widow is still devoutly attached. The de- 
ceased was not only an earnest and liberal supporter of the church but a warm 
and useful friend to hospital work, and his entire life ofifers a notable example 
of worldly success based on morality and enlightened by charity and benevo- 
lence. His capable sons were so reared that they can handle large affairs with 
marked success, a fact which no doubt was a source of deep pleasure to their 
venerable father during his last days, as was the added realizatiiin that tliey 
were following his example in the higher life. 

GEORGE H. RIPLEY, M. D., a successful physician and surgeon of 
Kenosha, was born in Fond du Lac county, W'is., in the town of Oakfield, 
October 22, i860, son of Charles T. and Lucy A. (Holton) Ripley, both of 
whom were of New England ancestry. 

The paternal grandparents were Allen and Laura Ripley, natives of Ver- 
mont, and they were the parents of two sons and one daughter, all now de- 

On the maternal side Dr. Ripley traces his descent through the Holton 
family to 

(I) W'illiam Holton. born in England in 161 1, who came to America 
in 1634, settling in Massachusetts, and died Aug. 12, 1691. His wife Mary 
died Nov. 16. 1691. 

(II) John Holton. the date of whose birth is not given, died April 16, 
1712. He married Abigail, who was living in 1718. 

(III) William Holton, born in 1679, died Nov. 13, 1755. He married 
Dec. 5, 1706, Abigail Edwards. 

(IV) Samuel Holton, born in 1710, died April 11, 1767. He married 
Joanna Morton, who died Dec. 8, 1796, aged eighty-two. 

(V) Samuel Holton (2). born in 1743. died Jan. 7, 1801. He mar- 
ried May 19, 1770, Sarah Alexander, who died July 28, 183 1, aged eighty- 

(VI) Samuel Holton. born in :VIassachusetts in 1770. died Dec. i, 
1851. He married June 22. 1809, Polly Stratton, who died Sept. 12, i860, 
aged seventy-nine. 

iWl)' Lucy A. Holton, born in Northfield, :\Iass., in 1820, married 


Charles T. Ripley and became the mother of Dr. George H. Ripley. She is 
directly connected with the family from which D. L. Moody descended. 

Charles T. Ripley was born in Bennington, Vt. in 1816. He went West 
to ^^'isconsin in the early days and settled in Fond du Lac, where he worked 
is a daguerreotypist. His death occurred in Oakfield, Oct. 20, i85i, and his 
wife lived till 1887. Both were Congregationalists. Their three sons 
are: Charles S., of Aurora, S. Dak.; Frederick W., of Oakfield; and Dr. 
George H., of Kenosha. 

George H. Ripley grew up on his father's farm and remained there till 
he was of age. His early education was acquired in the district schools, 
while later he attended Lawrence L^niversity, at Appleton, Wis. In 1889 he 
entered Hahnemann Medical College, in Chicago, from which he was gradu- 
ated in 1 89 1. At first he practiced in Chicago, but soon decided upon Kenosha 
as offering a better field, and has ever since been established in that city as a 
physician and surgeon. He has built up a good practice and is enthusiastic in 
his profession. He keeps himself thoroughly up-to-date on all medical 
methods and theories, and is in close touch with others of the medical fra- 
ternity through his membership in the Kenosha County Medical Society, the 
Wisconsin State Homoeopathic Society and the American Institute of HomcE- 
opathy. The Doctor resides at No. 661 Prairie avenue, where he built a home 
in 1901. 

Dr. Ripley was united in marriage, Dec. 8, 1886, to Miss Florence M. 
Fellows, daughter of Henry and Matilda (Stannard) Fellows. Mrs. Ripley 
is a member of the M. E. Church. 

Henry Fellows, father of Mrs. Ripley, was born in St. Lawrence, X. Y., 
son of James and Mary (Marks) Fellows, and married iMatilda Stannard, of 
Cattaraugus, N. Y., daughter of Hiram P. and Dorothea (DeLapp) Stan- 
nard, and granddaughter of Sidney DeLapp, who came to this country w-ith 
LaFayette, and for his services in the Revolution was awarded a grant of land 
in Cattaraugus county, N. Y. Henry Fellows was a farmer. In an early 
day he came from New York State to Wisconsin, settling in Bristol, Kenosha 
county, where he and his wife ended their days. 

CHARLES A. WUSTUM, stockman and prominent citizen of Racine, 
Wis, was born there Nov. 21, 1849, ^ son of Hon. George and }ilaria (Utner) 
Wustum, natives of Bavaria, Germany. 

Sebastian Wustum, the paternal grandfather of Charles A. Wustum, 
was a native of Bavaria, Germany, and was a landlord and butcher there. 
After his wife died he came to America and settled at Racine, where he died 
aged eighty-four years. His only son by his first marriage was George Wus- 
tum, father of Charles A. By a second marriage he had two children, Fred- 
erick and Christian. 

Mr. Wustum's maternal grandfather was a native of Germany, who 
also came to America, and located at Brooklyn, N. Y. Still later he came to 
Wisconsin, and made his home part of the time with his daughter here and 
part with a daughter at Galena, III, where he died aged eighty-eight years. 
His wife died young. They had three children. He was a man of great 


scholarship, spoke a number of languages, and was engaged in teaching for 
many years. 

George W'ustum came to America and settled in New York City, where 
he followed his trade of butcher. There he married and in 1841 he came to 
Racine and engaged in a butchering business, and was established for many 
years, standing in the same relation to the Racine of his time as that occupied 
by the Case Company of to-day. He was considered a public benefactor here, 
as he certainly was a man of importance. He raised the first military com- 
pany in the Territory, and built a military hall on Main street which stood 
for many years. In 1855 he was elected mayor of Racine, was a member of 
the city council for many years, and at one time was elected to the Legisla- 
ture. He received a commission from Gov. William A. Barstow of the Ter- 
ritory as paymaster-general of the militia of the State of Wisconsin, with the 
rank of lieutenant-colonel, on April i, 1854. On May 22, 1852, he was com- 
missioned major of the Separate Battalion of the city of Racine, by Gov. 
Leonard J. Farwell. His first commission was given by Gov. Nelson Dewey, 
of Wisconsin, as captain of a volunteer company of infantry, on Sept. 3, 1850. 
and by the same governor, on Oct. 2, 1851, he was commissioned brigade in- 
spector of the 2nd Brigade of the ist Division of the militia of Wisconsin, 
with the rank of major of cavalry. When real war came upon the country he 
was not backward. In 1862 he raised a company of 102 men for the Civil 
war and was commissioned captain of that company, serving in the war until 
failing health compelled his resignation. He held many offices of trust and 
was continually honored as long as he lived. One of the newspapers of Racine 
in announcing his death, said that he had a "grander and nobler record than 
gold." He died April 14, 1892, aged seventy-seven years. His wife had passed 
away previously, dying Oct. 2^, 1884, aged sixty-seven years. Both were mem- 
bers of the Lutheran Church. They reared four sons and one daughter, viz. : 
John G.. now deceased; Sebastian, of Racine; Mary B., wife of William 
Smieding, of Racine; Charles A., of Racine; and George, Jr., deceased. Mr. 
Wustum belonged to Racine Lodge, No. 18, K F. & A. M., and to Orient 
Chapter, No. 12, R. A. M. Politically he was a Democrat. He w-as a man 
whose efforts in securing pensions for the soldiers made him much beloved 
by them. 

Charles A. ^^'ustum was reared until the age of fifteen years in Racine, 
and he attended the common schools and the Dan Howard Commercial Col- 
lege, and then entered the Chicago University, wdiere he continued three years. 
His first business connection was with his brother Sebastian, and they operated 
a market at the corner of i8th street and W'aljash avenue, in Chicago, until 
Februarv, 1878. Thev then bought the "Home Stake" gold mine, in the Black 
Hills, at Lead, S. Dak., which they sold in the second year to George Hearst 
of San Francisco, father of the 'present Congressman and newspaper pub- 
lisher. On disposing of their mine. Sebastian returned to Chicago and later 
to Racine, but Charles A. did not close out his interest in mining property._ as 
he afterward owned and worked the "Pacacho" gold mine, at Central City. 
S. Dak., which he later sold and then, in 1881. went to Montana and turned 
his attention to lumber and stock interests. Montana was yet a Territory and 
Charles A. Wustum built the first frame house at Bilhngs, which is now the 


■ county-seat of Yellowstone county. He ser\-ed four years as postmaster at 
Billings under President Cleveland and was one of the dominant men of that 
locality. While living at Billings he erected a number of handsome, sub- 
stantial buildings and owned the finest home there, and he was the founder 
of the Montana Lumber Company and chairman of the executive committee 
that was instrumental in the creation of Yellowstone county. He was the 
godfather of the county, giving it its name. He owned a large horse and cat- 
tle ranch of some three thousand acres there, and held his in.terests until 1901, 
when he sold out. His father and younger brother, George, Jr., had died, and 
his father left him a farm in the west end of his estate. Charles A. accepted 
the west end farm, and bought another on the east end, and combined three 
farms comprising 325 acres just at the edge of Racine, on which he has built 
an elegant home. He owns city property in addition to his interests mentioned, 
and he has stock in various enterprises. 

Mr. Wustum was married I'^eb. i, 1879, to Miss Jennie Electa Stewart, 
daughter of Alexander and Martha (Dunlap) Stewart. Mr. and Mrs. Wus- 
tum are members of the Episcopal Church. He belongs to Lodge No. 52, 
B. P. O. E. ; to Racine Lodge. No. 18, A. F. & A. M. ; Orient Chapter, No. 12, 
R. A. M.; Racine Commandery, No. 7, K. T., and is a 32nd degree Scottish 
Rite Mason. He belongs to Milwaukee Valley Consistory, Nobles of the 
Mystic Shrine, and he and his wife are also members of the Eastern Star. 
Politically he is a Democrat. 

The late Alexander Stewart, father of Mrs. Wustum. was born in Scot- 
land, and her mother was a native of Germany. They both came to America, 
married, and resided at several points, first in Illinois, and later at Adel, Iowa, 
where Mrs. Wustum was born. There Mrs. Stewart died Feb. 12, 1861, aged 
forty-seven years. The father lived with his different daughters until his death, 
Nov. 23, 1901. when he was aged eighty-nine years. Mr. and Mrs. Stewart 
had eleven children, seven of whom grew to maturity, and four now sur- 
vive, of which i\Irs. Wustum was the youngest. Mr. Stewart was a 
stockman and large landowner. His father was a native of Glasgow and 
a shipowner in his native land. He came to America and settled in Missouri, 
where he died and was interred, living to the advanced age of ninety-four 
years. He left a large family, a number of them teing now prominent resi- 
dents of the various Western States. The maternal grandfather of Mrs. 
\\'ustum was born in Germany, and also lived until well advanced in years. 
The Wustum family and all its connections are people of prominence and 
standing, representatives of the best American life grafted on to the sturdy 
stock of Germany and Scotland. 

JAMES CAPE, Jr., Chief of the Fire Department of Racine, W^is.. an 
office he has filled since June i, 1900, is a native of New York City, where he 
was born Jan. 3, 1855. son of James and Elizabeth (Jones) Cape, natives of 
Bristol, England, who came to America when young people. 

The paternal grandfather of James Cape, Jr., was a shoemaker by trade 
and lived at Langford, England, where he died in 1849. His widow surviN'ed 
him some fourteen years. Both were members of the Church of England. 
James Cape was a shoemaker liy trade in his native country. He came to 


America in 1854, locating in New York City, where he remained three years. 
He then removed to Racine, Wis., where for the past twenty-three years he has 
engaged in general contracting, having his sons, Charles and Albert, associated 
in business with him, under the tirm name of James Cape & Sons. Mr. and 
Mrs. James Cape had these children: James, Jr. ; Elizabeth, the wife of Clar- 
ence Williams, proprietor of the "Grand Hotel," Oklahoma City, Okla. ; 
Charles, a contractor of Racine; Albert, also a contractor of .Racine; and 
Benjamin, captain of the Hook & Ladder Company, Racine Fire Department. 

James Cape, Jr., was brought to Racine when two years of age, and his 
entire life has been spent here. After attending the public schools he learned 
the shoemaker's trade under his father, and followed that occupation until June 
I, 1900. He has been connected with the Racine Fire Department for twenty- 
eight years, being in the call departinent up to 1900. He first served as truck- 
man, from which he was promoted to captain, this being in 1882. He then 
served as assistant fire marshal for five years, and when Chief Abessor re- 
signed June I, 1900, the Civil Service Commission appointed Mr. Cape fire 
marshal, or chief of the fire department, an office he still retains. The Fire 
Department of Racine consists of six companies, five engine houses and three 
fire steamers. No. 5 Engine House is headquarters. There are thirty men in 
the department, five hose carriages and one hook and ladder truck, and there 
are twelve head of horses. 

Chief Cape was married June 22, 1882. to ^liss Jennie Eagan, of \\'au- 
kesha, daughter of John and Elizabeth (McGuire) Eagan, and ten children 
have been born to this union: Henry J., Elizabeth, Carrie. \\'inifred, James, 
Loretta. Marie. Lulu. Clarence and Charles. Mrs. Cape is a member of the 
Catholic Church, but her husband is not connected with any particular church. 
Politically he is a Democrat. His fine residence is situated at No. 472 Water 
street. Chief Cape is vice-president of the Mechanics' Building Association, 
and is a popular member of the Newhall Club. 

ANDREW HILDEBRAND. superintendent of the Uihlein Brothers' 
stock farm, in Pleasant Prairie township. Kenosha county, was born in Mil- 
waukee. Wis., Dec. 8. 1856. son of Frederick and Sophia (Bergh) Hilde- 

The father of Mr. Hildebrand was born in Hanover. Germany, and the 
mother in Christiania, Norway. They had five children, as follows : George, 
deceased: Christian, of Milwaukee: Frederick; Andrew of Pleasant Prairie 
township ; and Annie, wife of Andrew Osen, of Oconomowoc. Wis. For some 
years Frederick Hildebrand filled the position of bridge-tender in Milwaukee, 
but later embarked in the dairy business in Lake township, which he continued 
for eighteen years. He had come to America in 1844. and had settled immedi- 
ately in Milwaukee. He died aged sixtv-three years, and his wife passed away 
at the same age. They were worthy members of the Lutheran Church. During 
the Civil war, Mr. Hildebrand was drafted into the army, but his son George 
went as a substitute, and was rejected on account of rheumatism. 

Andrew Hildebrand was reared in Milwaukee, and attended the public 
schools of that city, and also took a commercial course in the Spencer Business 
College. For a number of vears he was associated with his brother Frederick 


in a general contracting bnsiness, and almost all his life he has been interested 
in horses. For some fifteen or twenty years he followed farming at intervals, 
owning, with his brother, what was known as the Joe Arnold farm, and he 
still owns a farm of eighty acres in the town of Oconomowoc. Since 1902 he 
has been superintendent of Uihlein Brothers' stock farm, which contains more 
than one thousand acres of land and he has under his care over four hundred 
standard-bred trotting horses. One of these, "Electrification," a black stallion, 
sixteen years old, who had not had harness on for six years, was placed on 
the track by Mr. Hildebrand, and he made a trotting record of 2 :i9>^. Mr. 
Hildebrand" is a very good judge of horseflesh, and he has made a great 
success as a trainer. 

On Nov. 9, 1882, 'Sir. Hildebrand was united in marriage to I\Iiss Annie 
Nelson, daughter of Nels and Harriet (Austin) Nelson, and they have had 
four sons and three daughters : Raymond, Dean, Gordon, Douglass. Irma, 
Bessie and Blanche. Both Bessie and Blanche are deceased, the first dying 
aged ten years, and the latter when a babe of twelve months. 

The parents of Mrs. Hildebrand were natives of Norway, where their 
parents were born. They came to America and were among the very early 
settlers of Waukesha county, Wis., where the father died May 5, 1884, aged 
sixty-three years, and the mother in 1879, aged fifty- four years. They had 
six children, namely : Charles, of Grand Forks, N. Dak. ; Mary, wife of 
Christ Peterson.' of Clarence, Iowa : Annie, wife of Mr. Hildebrand ; Andrew, 
of Milwaukee ; Hattie, wife of Thomas De Baney, of Shermerville, 111. ; and 
Sophia, who died aged nineteen years. Mrs. Hildebrand's paternal grand- 
father was Nels Nelson. ■ ■ 

Politically Mr. Hildebrand is a stanch Republican, and he is serving as 
deputy sheriff tmder Sheriff Vietch. He filled this office under two other 
officials. Sheriffs King and Blair, for four years in Waukesha county. He 
belongs to the order of ]\Iodern Woodmen of America. For a number of 
years he has been a member of the South Baptist Church of Milwaukee. 

STEPHEN HURLBUT SAGE (deceased) had the distinction of being 
the oldest continuous resident of Racine, Wis., and at the time of his death, 
June 28, 1905, resided at No. 938 Superior street, that city. For many years 
he was an insurance agent. He was born in Berkshire county, Mass., near 
Sandisfield, Aug. i, 1818. the son of Joel and Bethia (Hurlbut) Sage, the 
former a native of Connecticut and the latter of Vermont. They had two 
sons, Stephen H. and Sidney A., both deceased. 

Great-grandfather Samuel Sage and his sons were Revolutionary sol- 
diers. The Sage family in America descended from David Sage, a native 
of Wales, born in 1639, one of the first settlers of Middletown, Conn., where 
he located in 1652. 

Enos Sage, the paternal grandfather, was born in Massachusetts, and 
was a farmer by occupation. He spent his entire life at Coldbrook, where 
he died at an advanced age. He was twice married, his first wife, wdiose 
maiden name was Chamberlain, being mother of our subject's father. Enos 
Sage had a family of fifteen children. 

The maternal grandfather of Ste]>hen H. Sage was Samuel Hurlbut, who 





married Jerusha Higgins. He was a native of Vermont, where he died, and 
was also a soldier in the Revolutionary war. His wife survived him a num- 
ber of years, being ninety years of age at her death. 

Joel Sage, the father of Stephen H., was a farmer by occupation, ana 
operated a sawmill during his young manhood. He later became a merchant 
at Sandistield, but failed in business in 183 1. After this misfortune he be- 
gan looking for a location and removed to Hoosick Falls, where he remained 
perhaps a year. In the summer of 1834 he removed West, to Ashtabula county, 
Ohio, where he spent the following winter, and then filled a little leather 
valise and started for Chicago, where an old acquaintance of his, a law-yer 
from his native town, was making his home. While in this law-yer's ofifice 
Capt. Strong of Racine came in and they were introduced, Capt. Strong be- 
ing informed that Mr. Sage was looking for a location. The Captain called 
his attention to Root river, where he had a claim, and offered to let Mr. Sage 
ride his pony down, to look the country over, which offer was gladly accepted. 
No lands were yet surveyed in that district. Mr. Sage looked around for 
a day or two and then rode to Milwaukee, but as he did not like the locality 
(as there was too much water there) he came to Racine, where he took charge 
of the log cabin of Capt. Knapp, and commenced work there. Soon after he 
purchased a claim of 107 acres of land on the present site of Racine, for 
which he gave a barrel of pork and ten dollars in money. He improved the 
land, and continued to reside there, but had to fight for the claim against 
others, a claim committee finally awarding the land to him. There were 
many "floats" located in those days, fraudulent claims under a supposed law, 
and in 1837 Judge Butterfield of Chicago went to Washington, D. C, and 
discovered that these "floats" were fraudulent and the law permitting them 
was declared void. Mr. Sage then gave Judge Butterfield one-quarter of 
his land, the undivided interest. The locality was known as Sagetown, and 
Mr. Sage remained until his death. Up to that time the land ofifice was lo- 
cated at Green Bay, but in 1838 it was removed to Milwaukee and Mr. Joel 
Sage secured permanently a pre-emption claim. He died in 1840, aged fifty- 
eight years. His wife survived him until 1868, and was eighty-two years 
old at the time of her death. Religiously they were Congregationalists. Mr. 
Sage was appointed a Territorial judge by the government and acted as a 
justice of the peace for a number of years, being the first justice in Racine 
county. Kenosha county was at that time attached as a part of Racine 
county. Mr. Sage performed the marriage ceremony of James Kinzie, one 
of the very first settlers of Chicago, who settled there wdien k w-as known as 
Fort Dearborn. 

Stephen H. Sage was reared in Massachusetts until seventeen or eighteen 
years of age, receiving his schooling there. He attended Ballard's Seminary, 
at Bennington, Vt., and in February, 1836, came to Racine, Wis., stopping 
on the way at Perrysburg, Ohio, to get his father's trunk. He hired a man 
to bring him in a lumber wagon, but on the second' day the man backed out 
and Mr. Sage made the journey from near Elyria, Ohio,- to Michigan City, 
Ind., by stage. While there he w-as happily surprised to meet his brother Sid- 
ney, who had come from Hoosick Falls by team. His brother took the 
stage to Chicago, whence the rest came to Racine in a light wagon. Arriving 


at Racine ^Ir. Sage went to work for his father and for a time was his cook, 
his mother not having arrived from Ohio. A hght snow had fallen the night 
before his arrival, and his father introduced him to the log cabin where they 
were to li\"e, and to a bed upon which to sleep, made of slips of bark upon 
which was a bundle of hay, without bed-clothing. Their meals were very plain 
and frugal and they lived in this humble way for several months, until the 
arrival of the father's household goods, when their style of living was greatly 
improved. The following August our subject's mother arrived, which re- 
lieved him of cooking. 

Mr. Sage stayed with his father until twenty-one years old, and then 
went into partnership with another man and purchased a stock of goods. 
But he soon afterward embarked in the insurance business, and while on a 
trip to Walworth county, without his knowledge, was elected city treasurer 
of Racine, which office he held six or seven years. He then went into the 
grain business in partnership with R. M. Norton and L. R. Hurlbut, this 
firm also engaging in buying pork, which line he followed for two years. He 
then went on the street, buying wheat for warehousemen, later engaging in 
the real estate and life insurance business, which he followed for many years. 

On Feb. 28, 1855, Mr. Sage married Miss Helen M. Carpenter, daugh- 
ter of Eleazer and Fannie (Kinney) Carpenter, and two daughters were born 
to this union, Fannie B. and Emma M. Fannie B. married Vincent S. Stone 
(deceased), who was a noted lawyer at Fargo, and they iiad a daughter, who 
died in infancy. Both daughters now reside at home. Mr. and Mrs. Sage, 
like their daughters, were members of the Congregational Church, and Mr. 
Sage was one of the church trustees until his death. Politically he was a Re- 
publican, and served as county superx'isor and city assessor for a number of 
terms. His wife passed away Nov. 20, 1904, at the age of seventy-one years. 

Stephen H. Sage was the oldest continuous resident of Racine at the 
time of his death, having lived there a period of sixty-eight years. He was 
well known throughout the county, was extremely popular, and as he en- 
joyed a well-earned reputation for honesty and integrity, he was universally 
respected. He possessed ability and a keen mind, had a remarkably retentive 
memory, was a fine conversationalist, and all in all was a fascinating enter- 
tainer, retaining these attractive traits of character until the day of his death, 
whereby Racine county lost one of its leading and progressive citizens. 

Sidney A. S-\ge, ]\Ir. Sage's brother, came to Racine at the same time 
as did our subject, and died in 1869. He was in the mercantile business for 
many years, and was a member of the city council. In 1850 he and S. E. 
Hurlbut built a mill, which they operated for a number of years. This 
was before the days of railroads, and because of poor shipping facilities they 
gave this business up. Sidney A. Sage owned considerable real estate. At 
the time of his death he left a wife (his second) and one son and four daugh- 
ters. His first wife was Susan Whitney, of Boston, and his second Harriet 

GEORGE SPILLUM, the pioneer merchant of North Cape, Norway 
township, and still proprietor of one of the leading general merchandise estab- 
lishments in his section of Racine county, is a public-spirited and prominent 


citizen of that region. He \\-as burn in Norway, Feb. 2, 1840, his birthplace 
being Namsos, and his father, Ole J. Spillum, was a native of the same locaHty. 
The latter married Gunhild Anderson, who was also born in Norway, and 
tive children w^ere born to their union, those besides George being: Joha'nn O., 
who is living in Norway on the father's farm ; Mathias, who died in Racine 
county ; Josefa, wife of Ole Ladel, of Lyon County, Minn.; and Ellen Alartha, 
w-ho lives in Norway, the wife of Johann A. Solum. The father died in 1847,' 
when a young man, George being then but seven years of age. He was a 
farmer and a blacksmith by occupation. He was a Lutheran in religion, as 
was also his wife. J\Irs. Ole Spillum afterward became the wife of Ole Ander- 
son, antl died in Norway at the age of seventy-eight, the mother of two chil- 
dren by her second marriage. One of the children is deceased, the other re- 
sides in the old country. 

Jonas Spillum, the paternal grandfather, was a farmer, and died in Nor- 
way, his fatherland, at an old age. His wife also lived beyond the average. 
She was the mother of a small family, all of the children being now deceased. 
The maternal grandfather of George Spillum was Andreas Solum, a Norwegian 
farmer who, with his wife, Gunhild Pedersen, died in the country of his birth; 
the life of each spanned its fourscore years. 

The early life of George Spillum was divided between the fields and for- 
ests of Norway and the schools of his neighborhood. He thus reached the age 
of eighteen — a hardy, intelligent, well-educated and ambitious young man. 
Desiring a broader field for his activities than could be found at home, in 1858 
he embarked for America, reaching Racine, Wis., on the 9th of August of that 
year. Although relatives had preceded him to that city, the day after his ar- 
rival he located at North Cape, and has virtually made that place his home ever 
since. For three years he worked as a farm laborer in the locality, spending his 
winters in the sawmills and lumbering camps of Michigan. On account of sick- 
ness he then engaged as a clerk in a Milwaukee store for a short time, and for 
a year bought and sold cattle. In company with his brother-in-law he then 
rented a large farm In Raymond township, after which he became a permanent 
resident of North Cape, being first employed as a salesman in the store of Knut 

In 1869, after disposing of his interest in the farm enterprise, Mr. Spillum 
began to build his store m North Cape, which, wdien completed in the fall of 
that year, was opened to the public as the first general merchandise establish- 
ment in that place. With the exception of a short period, when his son Oscar 
managed the business, Mr. Spillum has conducted the store ever since. He car- 
ries a varied and complete stock of goods valued at $6,000, and by his good 
judgment of the public wants, his shrewd buying and fair and courteous meth- 
ods of selling, has founded a business which takes rank with the best of its kind 
'n this section of the country. Besides his mercantile establishment he owns 
and conducts a fine farm of 160 acres at W^ind Lake, and he is ranked among 
the wealthy and broad-minded business men of the community. 

George Spillum cast his first Presidential vote for Abraham Lincoln, and 
has since Ijeen such a vigorous and effective supporter of the Republican party 
that his fellow-citizens have evinced their appreciation of his services in no 
uncertain manner. He has served as township commissioner for more than 


twenty years ; was clerk of Norway township for two years, and supervisor and 
postmaster of North Cape for thret years. He is identified fraternally with the 
Modern Woodmen of America, and is in all respects as popular as he is busi- 
ness-like, financially successful and highly honored. 

On May 21, 1870, Mr. Spillum was joined in marriage with Betsy Emen- 
son, a native of Norway and daughter of Aadne Emenson and Hage T. (Tove- 
sen) Emenson. Mrs. Betsy Spillum emigrated to America with her parents 
during her childhood, the family settling in Norway township, where both 
father and mother died. The orphan girl was then adopted by Herman Nelson, 
in whose home she remained until her marriage. Her death occurred in April 
1873, at the age of twenty-three years, and she was the mother of two children, 
Oscar A. and Betsy M. The son secured his education in the public schools of 
North Cape, Rochester Seminary and the Business College of Racine, assisted 
his father in his business, and is now a bookkeeper in a store at Rugby, N. 
Dak.; he married Lillie Isaacs, and has six children, Irving G., Stanley, Earl, 
Gladys, LeRoy and Glen. Betsy M. Spillum, the daughter, died in infancy. 

For his second wife Mr. Spillum married Anna Christina Setterlun. on 
Feb. 26, 1889. His wife is a native of Sweden and a daughter of Gustav and 
Mary (Steppenson) Setterlun. Four children have been born to them, viz.: 
Ellen Magdalene, Gertrude Matilda. Arthur Gerhart and Clara Josephine. Both 
husband and wife are members of the Lutheran Church, and, with their chil- 
dren, form a happy domestic circle. Mr. Spillum is an ideal family man. and 
since he settled in Racine county, forty-eight years ago — especially since the 
commencement of his married life in 1870 — has made few journeys outside its 
limits. The most noteworthy and enjoyable was in 1889. when he spent from 
May to August revisiting his old home in Norway and the scenes of his child- 
hood and youthful days. 

The parents of Mrs. Anna Spillum are natives of Sweden. The father 
is a cabinetmaker, which trade he has followed both in his native land and in 
this country, they having emigrated to the United States in 1869. After living 
in Racine seven years they located in 1876 in Norway township, where Mr. 
Setterlun engaged in various occupations. They now reside in Norway town- 
ship, about two miles north of North Cape. Their five children are as follows : 
Anna, Mrs. George Spillum; Mary, w-ife of Abraham Ebert, of Norway town- 
ship; G. Adolph, a resident of Shaw, Ore.; Frank, a blacksmith at Unior, 
Church, and Sarah (Mrs. Frank Fohr), also of that place. 

MARTIN MATHIAS SECOR. president of the M. M. Secor Trunk 
Company of Racine, Wis., manufacturers of trunks and traveling bags, is one 
of the most highly esteemed residents of that city. He was born twelve Ger- 
man miles from Prague, in the town of Strakonitz, Austria, Feb. 4. 1841, 
son of Mathias and Josephine (Beider) Secor, also natives of Austria. 

Mathias Secor and his w'ife and family came to America in 1851, being 
six weeks and six days on the ocean in a sailing vessel. They located in Ra- 
cine in the latter part of February, having made the journey from New York 
by rail to Buffalo, down the lake to Detroit, bv rail to Chicago, and to Racint; 
by side-wheel steamer. After locating here Mr. Secor purchased a farm of fif- 
teen acres, which he cleared and improved, and later added twenty acres to this. 


the latter land being in Caledonia township. He sold out about 1880 and re- 
moved to Racine, where he remained until his death, in 1886, at the age of 
nearly eighty years. His wife died two years later, aged seventy-six years. 
Both, originally, were Roman Catholics, but he later became a Free Thinker. 
For sixteen years Mathias Secor had been a soldier in the Austrian army, be- 
longing to the Grenadiers, the famous regiment of large men, all picked for 
their ability, bravery and strength. In his native country he was a stone- 
mason, and manufactured old-fashioned bake-ovens, an occupation he followed 
to some extent in this country, having built a number of small ovens in and 
around Caledonia township. Both he and his wife were buried in the public 
cemetery at Racine. They had six children, five of whom are now living: 
Martin M. ; Mary, the widow of Joseph Cole, of near Racine; Theressa, Mrs. 
Dolmento, of Milwaukee; Josie, deceased, who was the wife of George Mut- 
ter, of Racine ; Barbara, Mrs. Kucera, of Chicago ; and Peter, who lives in Ra- 

Martin M. Secor was but ten years of age when he came to America. He 
lived on the farm with his parents until fourteen years old, and then started 
out to work for himself, and, although he ran away from home, he saved his 
money and bought an ox, which he gave to his father. This ox Mr. Secor 
broke, as he did also an ox owned by his father, thus making a good team. He 
started by working in a German family, earning for his labors a wagon and 
steer, which he gave to his father. After working on a farm for two years he 
came to Racine and worked in a grocery store for eight dollars per month, his 
board and washing, and there he continued for one year. In 1857 he went to 
Darien, \\'is., and learned the harnessmaker's trade, which he followed two 
years, at the end of this time returning to Racine, working one winter as a 
journeyman. In the spring of 1861 he went West and remained until fall, 
when he again returned to Racine and opened a shop of his own. He had 
saved up eighty dollars and owned a good kit of tools, borrowing $100, for 
which he paid 10% interest for ten years. In 1862 he also began the manu- 
facture of trunks in his home kitchen, his wife using the part not wanted by 
Mr. Secor for cooking. Mr. Secor first employed two apprentices and one 
"jour," soon after employing others. The kitchen soon became too small, so 
Mr. Secor rented the old Weed's Hall, that being on the site of the present 
City Hall. Mr. Secor continued work in his kitchen and in the hall for two 
years, and then purchased three buildings, known as the Durand buildings, 
which had been used for railroad structures, the Racine Bank being in the 
center building. One was used partly as a hardware store, and partly as a 
wholesale liquor establishment. The center building Mr. Secor sold to his 
father-in-law, and the corner one to his brother-in-law, Frank Bowman. The 
other he kept and later traded for his present beautiful home. During the time 
he occupied this building Mr. Secor purchased several lots on Lake avenue, 
formerly called Chatham street, where he erected a frame building with 40 
free frontage, three stories high. Mr. Secor has since erected several brick 
and frame buildings, with 400 feet frontage, extending to the lake, and all used 
for manufacturing purposes. He also owns another lot of 175 feet frontasre 
by 114 feet depth, upon which he has erected a warehouse three stories high, 
with two elevators. He is the oldest living manufacturer of trunks and travel- 


ing bags in the United States that was in business in 1861, for after forty-six 
years in the business he tinds he is the only one left of all his old associates and 
competitors. 'Mr. Secor owns much other city property besides his plant, 
among which may be mentioned the M. M. Secor block, the only tire-proof 
building in the city, and next to it another fine building; adjoining the last 
named is the New Office building, which is in turn adjoined by the Belle City 
Furniture Company building, which is fitted with prism lights through the 
sidewalk. ]\Ir. Secor being the first to introduce that kind of lighting in Ra- 
cine. In the M. M. Secor block may be found bathrooms for furnishing Turk- 
ish, Russian, Carlsbad and numerous other baths. 

'Sir. Secor was married Feb. 4, 1862, to Miss Fanine Hagek, daughter of 
Frank and Frances Hagek, and nine children were born to this union : Louis- 
ana, who died in early childhood ; Louisa, who married F. ^V. Gromm, now of 
Denver, Colo., and has four sons, Willie Secor, Charlie, Frank and Ralph; 
Emily and Lillie, twins, who died within a few days of each other, when two 
years old: Mattie, who married Frank Posta, of Chicago, and has one son, 
Jerald; Frank, deceased; Frank (2), deceased; Emily (2), who married F. 
W. Perkins, vice-president and superintendent of the Webster Manufacturing 
Company, of Chicago; and Miss Frankie, who is teaching in the public schools. 

Mr. Secor is a Free Thinker in religion. Politically he is independent, 
voting rather for the man than for the party. He was twice elected mayor 
of Racine, first in 1884, and again in 1888, and was nominated three different 
times, but refused to accept the honor. Mr. Secor is one of the prominent citi- 
zens of Racine — wealthy and self-made, and what is better still, has accom- 
plished as much as any one man for the material advancement of the city. His 
beautiful home place covers an entire block, and his great love of flowers is 
shown in his magnificent conservatory and large hothouse, and in the gar- 
dens, fruit trees and water fountain, the last named, an attractive feature of his 
grounds, being in front of his residence. He is also a great lover of birds and 
animals, numbering among his pets a half dozen deer, two bears and several 
parrots. Mr. Secor, in fact, may be said to love all nature, as he is friendly to- 
ward men. The natural result is that he is very popular. He is a fluent con- 

BENJAMIN O. STURGES. The origin of the family name is clouded 
in uncertainty, the first known of it in this country being that it was borne by 
two brothers who settled in Connecticut in the early part of the eighteenth cen- 
tury. Strong Sturges, a native of Connecticut, went from that State to New- 
York City, where he later held the position of Collector of the Port, and in the 
discharge of his duties contracted cholera, being the first victim of that disease 
to die in this country during the epidemic of 1837. 

George W. Sturges, son of Strong, was born in New York in 1808 auft 
ran away to sea when sixteen years of age. After sailing several years on both 
the Atlantic and Pacific he gave it up. and returning to New York entered com- 
mercial life, being connected with one of the banks of that city. He there mar- 
ried Sarah Barnard, and two children were born to them, William, now de- 
ceased, and Annie, widow of John H. Hedley. Mrs. Sturges died in New 
York Citv, and later George W. Sturges removed to Walworth county. Wis., 


where he settled on a farm. He spent his last years in Lake Geneva. Dnring 
the war of the Rebellion Mr. Sturges was State Agent for Wisconsin and 
Minnesota, looking after the soldiers in the hospitals along the Mississippi 
river, transferring them, sending them home, etc. George W. Sturges married 
Miss Ann M. Humphrey, one of the family born to Hiram H. and Ann (Blod- 
gett) Humphrey. Mr. Humphrey was born in Ohio, of an old English family, 
and lived to be eighty-eight years old ; his wife died when eighty-seven. The 
children born to George W. ahd Ann Sturges were seven in number, as fol- 
lows : George H., of Chicago; Sarah B., Mrs. John B. Simmons, of Racine; 
Walter I., of Omaha, Neb.; Charles S., of Arkansas; Arthur E., of Chicago; 
Mary E., Mrs. L. H. Taggart, of Lake Geneva, Wis.; and Benjamin O., of 
Kenosha. George W. Sturges died in 1885, but his widow survived until Jan. 
I, 1897. She was a native of Ohio, born in 1830. 

Benjamin O. Sturges was born in Lake Geneva, Walworth Co., Wis., 
Nov. 27, 1867. and received his earlier education there in the public schools. 
He was graduated from the high school in 1887, and after a few years spent 
in commercial life entered the law school of the Wisconsin State University, 
and was admitted to the Bar in 1898. He has since been practicing his pro- 
fession in Kenosha. In the spring of 1903 he was elected to the office o£ 
justice of the peace and is still discharging the duties of that office in connec- 
tion with his law business. While residing in Lake Geneva he was city clerk 
for two terms, his political affiliations being always with the Republican party. 
Mr. Sturges is a member of Lake Geneva Lodge, No. 96, K. P., and of Keno- 
sha Lodge, No. 750, B. P. O. E. He is unmarried, and resides at No. 211 
Market street. 

ROBERT ]MUTTER, ex-sheriff of Racine county. Wis., who makes his 
residence in the city of Racine, is a native of that county, born in Dover, Dec. 
20, 1873. son of John and Mary (Tait) Mutter, natives of Scotland and New 
York State respectively. 

William Mutter, the paternal grandfather of our subject, was a native of 
Scotland, where he followed farming as an occupation. His son, John, came 
with his parents to America when a child three years old. They first settled in 
Canada, and John came to Wisconsin some time in the sixties,' settling in Ra- 
cine, where he followed milling. A few years later he purchased a farm of 260 
acres in Dover township, which he improved, and upon which the remauider of 
his life was spent. He was killed by a bull in his fifty-ninth year. His wife 
had passed away the January before, aged forty-nine years. They were mem- 
bers of the Presbyterian Church. They had seven children, five of whom are 
now living: Marv, the wife of William Caven. of Escanaba, Mich.; John G.. 
of Burlington. Wis.; James W., of Dover township, on the old homestead; 
Robert, of Racine; and Jennie I., the wife of Edward :Mealy, of Burlington, 

Robert Mutter was raised on his father's farm, and attended the district 
schools. He left home at an early age and went to Burlington, Wis., where he 
worked in a hotel for his brother,' later becoming interested in the business. On 
account of failing health he was compelled to give up active work for some 
time, but in iSge'^became deputy sheriff under Sheriff John C. Wagner for two 


years. He was then appointed under sheriff under Edward A. Rein, holding 
the office two years, and was re-appointed under WiHiam Baumann, Jr. In 
1902 Air. Mutter was elected sheriff", and took up the duties of that office in 
January, 1903. Since his retirement he has operated a hotel and saloon. 

Air. Alutter was married Oct. 3, 1900, to Miss Isabelle Bradshaw, of Bur- 
lington, \\'is., daughter of George Bradshaw, and granddaughter of \Villian-i 
Bradshaw. William Bradshaw was born of Scotch parents, and, on coming to 
America, first settled in \'ermont, from which State he removed to W^isconsin 
at a very early day. He died in Racine county at upwards of seventy years of 
age, leaving a widow, Nancy, and seven children. George Bradshaw came to 
Racine Co., Wis., when a small boy, having been born in Vermont. Here he 
grew to manhood, and followed painting. He died in January. 1901, aged 
fifty-six years, while his widow still survives him. George Bradshaw was a 
soldier in the Civil war, belonging, as a private, to the ist \\'is. V. I. He served 
something like two years, when he was wounded and honorably discharged on 
account of disability. Mrs. Bradshaw was born in County Roscommon, Ire- 
land, daughter of Dominick Feeney. a native of Ireland, who came to this 
country and settled in Racine county, where he lived retired. He had been a 
farmer in Ireland, and had been very successful in his operations. He and his 
wife, whose maiden name had been Nellie Tigh, died at an old age, she being 
killed in Chicago, during the World's Fair. They had twelve children. Mr. 
and Mrs. George Bradshaw were the parents of five children, only two of 
whom are still living : Mrs. Mutter and Miss Carrie. 

Mr. Alutter is a member of Burlington Lodge, No. 28, F. & A. AI. ; Ori- 
ental Chapter. No. 12, Royal Arch Masons; and Racine Commandery. No. 7, 
Knights Templar. He also belongs to Council No. 5, and has a membership 
!in the Eastern Star, as has his wife. Mr. Mutter is a member of the Uni- 
formed Rank of the Knights of Pythias, and is connected with the Benevo- 
lent and Protective Order of Elks No. 252, of Racine. Politically Sheriff Alut- 
ter is a stanch Republican, and takes an active interest in the success of that 
narty in this section. He owns a farm of sixty acres in Yorkville. 

JOHN L. STEVENS, now living retired at No. 366 Prairie avenue. 
Kenosha, enjoys with his sister. Airs. Benjamin T. Hatch, the distinction of 
representing one of the first pioneer families of Kenosha county, and they are 
the oldest continuous residents of Kenosha county. 

Air. Stevens is descended on both sides from Revolutionary A'ermont 
stock. His father's father. Isaac Stevens, was a native of that State, of Engli,-h 
lineage, and was a farmer by occupation. He was a soldier in the Revolution. 
He married four times, and had three sons and two dnughters. 

Daniel Stevens, father of John L., and his wife, Eunice Bnrlow, were 
both horn in Vermont. Her parents were Abner and Eunice (French) Barlow, 
the latter of whom was of French descent, while the former was a Vermont 
fanner and a Revolutionary soldier for seven years, two of them spent n-i a 
prison in Quebec. They went to Kenosha county in the early dnvs of 1835. 
when it was a part of Racine county, but died soon after their arrival. They 
had four sons and four daughters. Daniel Stevens was a farmer who left 
Vermont for New York and from there went on to \\'isconsin in 1835. He 


took up his claim of 640 acres on July 4, 1835, and camped that da)- on Wash- 
ington Island. He was the very first settler there, with only two houses be- 
tween his claim and Chicago. After locating his claim, he went hack East, 
while in the fall his son Orrin, then at Joliet, 111., went up there and built a 
log cabin which was ready for them to occupy together when the father re- 
turned with the family in the winter. Daniel Stevens improved his farm and 
spent the rest of his life there, dying at the age of sixty-eight, in 1856. In the 
war of 1 81 2 he was called out by the government and served in the army for 
a time, but was never in active battle. Mrs. Stevens died two years after her 
husband, aged seventy-two. Both were Wesleyan Methodists. She was in 
every sense a helpmate in their pioneer life, and lived long enough to see some 
of the fruits of their industry and perseverance. Thev had five children, three 
sons and two daughters, of whom only John L. and Eliza, widow of Benjamin 
T. Hatch, are now living. The others were : Orrin ; Almeda, who married 
George Arnold ; and Walter. 

John Levant Stevens was born in Chautauqua county, N. Y., March 3, 
1 81 4, and grew up in that State, on a farm, where he helped to clear up 150 
acres of timberland before he came West. He received only such an education 
as the old-fashioned subscription schools of that day afforded. He went to 
Wisconsin with the rest of the family in 1835, his brother Orrin having gone 
to Illinois five years earlier. John L. had also made a visit to Fort Dearborn in 
1832, but returned to the East almost immediately. 

The country began to fill up very slowly at first, the real migration com- 
mencing in the fall of 1836, while in the following year there was a rtish of 
people looking for locations. The land was rapidly improved and a great deal 
of wheat planted, so much that wdien, in 1841, a million bushels were raised, 
there were no transportation facilities for it. The vessels then were not 
adapted to carrying wheat, but suitable ones were soon provided, the first 
steamer on Lake Michigan to stop there being the "Madison." 

The first claim taken up by John L. Stevens was one of 160 acres in Sec- 
tion 15, in the town of Pleasant Prairie. Later he accumulated 300 acres, all 
of which he improved, although to meet the conditions for taking up a claim a 
man was obliged to break no more than ten acres of ground, in atldition to 
building some kind of a house and residing there a stipulated time. Mr. 
Stevens was always a farmer, but made his home most of the time about a mile 
from his property, where, in 1836, on first coming to Wisconsin, he had es- 
tablished a blacksmith's shop, conducting it for some years. His entire resi- 
dence in Kenosha county covers a period of seventy years. In addition to 
his farm he owns a good home in Kenosha together with other city property, 
and has accumulated a considerable fortune. Mr. Stevens was originally a 
Democrat, casting his first presidential vote for Jackson, but since the organ- 
ization of the Republican party he has steadily adhered to it. 

On April 8. 1840, John L. Stevens married Miss Isabella Derbyshire 
daughter of Christopher and Emily (Stickney) Derbyshire. Six children 
were born to them, Svlmenia, Walter, Orrin. Henry (i), Henrv (2) and 
John Levant, the last alone being now alive. He married Miss Edith Bissell. 
They have no children of their own. but ha\-e an adopted daughter, whom they 


named Isabella. Mrs. Isabella Stevens departed this life Jan. 8, 1886, aged 
seventy-five, a devout believer in the Congregational faith. 

Although Mr. Stevens is past ninety years old, he is quite active and re- 
tains his memory to a remarkable degree. He recalls readily and accurately 
many interesting events of the early days, relating them with great detail, and 
dwells with special pleasure upon the honesty and integrity of the sturdy pio- 
neers. Once when he was ten years old he was left upon the farm to watch 
the crows, but he ran away, going to Westfield, N. Y., to see Gen. LaFayette. 
He saw the noted Frenchman, shook hands with him, and then hastened back 
to his home one mile distant. One incident which he recalls with much en- 
thusiasm is a Fourth of July celebration gotten up by the scattered settlers in 
1836. Although every one came, from a wide extent of territory, they could 
muster only sixty in all. However, they were all good Americans and made 
enthusiastic preparations, in spite of the fact that they were much hampered by 
lack of provisions. Everything possible was done to promote the jollity of the 
occasion and one feature, contributed by Mr. Stevens, was a wagon fashioned 
out of two carts and drawn by twenty-one yoke of oxen. 

Orrin Stevens, eldest brother of John L., went out with his young wife to 
Fort Dearborn in 1830, and lived there until 1835. Their oldest child was born 
during this period. His wife was a Miss Sophia Derbyshire, a sister of Mrs. 
John L. Stevens, and they had four children, namely: William; Emily, wife 
of H. S. Towne; Duane; and Isabella, widow of Frank Leach. Orrin Stevens 
served as a soldier during the Black Hawk war, and later was elected to the 
Wisconsin Legislature, dying before the expiration of his term. 

HENRY G. POWLES (deceased) was one of the prominent residents of 
Union Grove and an honored veteran of the Civil war. Probably no citizen of 
Racine county took a more active part and participated in more of the import- 
ant battles of the Rebellion than he, for from the time of the first call for troops 
until the South laid down its arms he was found at the front valiantly defend- 
ing the Union. Praise may be heaped upon praise, yet the debt of gratitude due 
the brave boys in blue can never be repaid. 

Mr. Powles, who so long fought for this country's preservation, was born 
lin Wales in 1844, and of that land his parents, William G. and Ann (Ed- 
Avards) Powles. were also natives. His paternal grandfather, John Powles, 
also a native of Wales, came to this country in 1843, ^"^^ took up 160 acres 
of Government land in Paris township, Kenosha county. He afterward sold 
that farm and went into the milling and real estate business at Racine, owning 
a gristmill and waterpower there. He died there at the age of eighty-five years, 
while his wife, Mary Edwards, also lived to an advanced age. William G. 
Powles, father of Henry G., was a brick and stone mason, and a stone-cutter. 
With his wife and seven children he sailed from Liverpool, England, for New 
York, arriving at his destination after a voyage of seven weeks, during which 
time the vessel came in contact with a large iceberg. The travelers at once 
continued their way to Kenosha, Wis., and settled upon a farm nine miles west 
of that place, but Mr. Powles was not long permitted to enjoy his new home. 
\\niilc working in the hayfield he received a sunstroke from which he died, 
leaving a widow with seven small children to support. It was an arduous task. 


the care of so many little ones, but her duty was faithfully performed. She 
made her home in Union Grove until her death, which occurred in 1886, and 
the parents now lie side by side in the Union Grove cemetery. Her father, 
James Edwards, was also a native of Wales. He died in his native country, 
as did also his wife, and they left a large family. 

The eldest of the nine children born to William G. and Ann Powles, John, 
is now deceased. Mary A. became the wife of John Bixby (who was accident- 
ally killed), and afterward married Aaron Brick; she resides in Union Grove. 
Sarah married for her first husband Henry Colon, and is now the wife of Irvin 
Connell, a carpenter and joiner of Yorkville township. Elizabeth is the wife of 
George Price, a successful farmer of Kenosha county. William G. is a jus- 
tice of the peace in Union Grove. Henry G. is deceased. Charles resides in 
Evansville, Rock county. James also lives in Evansville, Rock county, and 
Peter died in Wales. 

.V ]K)or boy left fatherless at an early age, Henry G. Powles had to start 
out in life for himself when only ten years old, and to farm work he devoted his 
energies until sixteen years old, when he entered the service of his adopted coun- 
try, on April 18, 1861, as a member of Company F, 2d Wis. V. I., under Capt. 
William Strong and Col. Coon. The company was organized at Racine, and at 
Madison joined the regiment, which was ordered to Washington, D. C, and 
assigned to the Army of the Potomac, then in charge of Gen. McDowell, while 
Gen. Sherman was brigade commander. After a month spent in Camp Peck 
the troops were ordered to be ready for battle. They had previously l)een un- 
der fire at Blackburn's Ford, on the i8th of July, and on Sunday, the 21st, 
took part in the battle of Manassas Junction, the 2d Wisconsin Infantry reach- 
ing the scene of action about sunrise and being in the thickest of the fight until 
the retreat, at four o'clock in the evening. Mr. Powles received a slight gun- 
shot wound in the left knee during the charge of the Black Horse Cavalry, a 
Confederate command, and was kept from duty for two weeks. Next came the 
battle of Cedar Mountain, but the Union troops sustained little loss, as the 
Rebels fired high and the balls flew over them. On the 28th of August, 1862, 
in the terrible battle of Gainesville, the 2d lost heavily, 117 being killed and 
254 wounded in three-quarters of an hour. Its duty with the remainder of the 
brigade was to hold Gen. Jackson's division in check. In this engagement Mr. 
Powles was taken prisoner, but was soon paroled. The following day the 
second battle of Bull Run began, and Mr. Powles received a l)ad wnund 
in the left side. He was leaning up against a low stone wall when a Rebel 
ofticer sprang in front of him, whipped out his revolver and, with an oath, aimed 
for the heart, but the ball struck one of his ribs and glanced into the muscles of 
his stomach, where it remained until his death. 

The army was ordered to follow Gen. Lee, who was then making a raid in 
Maryland, and the engagement at South Mountain, and the bloody battle of 
Antietam, were there fought. It was here tlint the 2d, 6th and "th ^^■isconsin 
regiments were christened the "Iron Brigade" by Gen. George B. McClellan, 
who saw their charge across the flats and up a hill to the enemy's batteries, 
which, with all the supplies, they took by storm. They made their way to the 
place amidst a rain of lead, but as evening was falling the dusk somcwlnt 


mitigated their danger. The batteries captured and the 3d Virginia Regiment 
were part of Gen. Longstreet's army. 

The Union troops now marched back to Alexandria and Behes Plaines and 
the command passed out of the hands of Gen. McClehan to Gen. Burnside. The 
latter planned the battle of Fredericksburg, which occurred Dec. 13, 1862, ana 
was a total loss. Mr. Powles' regiment made the first charge, and captured 
sixty-four Rebels, but victory favored the Confederates that day. Gen. Burn- 
side withdrew his forces and the next engagement into which he led the troops 
was known as the Mud March. The rain came down in torrents. They started 
with the entire artillei^y and supplies, but at the end of the march not more than 
half a dozen cannon had reached Fredericksburg, and many of the boys had 
dropped out of the ranks. About this time Gen. Hooker took charge of the 
Army of the Potomac and Col. Fairchilds, of the 2d Wisconsin, was on his staff. 
He led the troops into the battle of Chancellorsville. May 3. 1863. The result 
was indecisive, but Gen. Lee remarked that if "Fighting Joe" Hooker had been 
allowed to let his 5th Corps still advance on his rear, he (Lee) would have 
been compelled to retreat into Richmond. It was at the battle of Chancellors- 
ville that the brave Gen. Stonewall Jackson was killed by a mistaken volley 
from his own troops. Gen. Hooker retreated to Rappahannock, and for ten _ 
days prevented Lee from crossing the river. It was Lee's object to cross farth- 
er down and make his way through Maryland to Pennsylvania. The Rebels 
cut up railroad iron into pieces about eighteen inches long and used it as shot. 
These made a terrible screech, and it was some time before the Union troops 
found out what it was. At length the scene of battle was changed to the 
North, and the battle of Gettysburg was fought. Mr. Powles' brigade was 
the first to open fire at sunrise on July i. 1863. About three o'clock in the after- 
noon his head was cut open by a piece of shell and for thirty-seven days he 
lay unconscious. For four days he lay on the battlefield without water or 
food, and was then carried to the old tavern and laid upon the porch for dead. 
but a movement in his foot attracted the attention of a nurse, some rude ser- 
vices were rendered him, and he was then sent to a hospital in Harrisburg, 
Pa., where he lay for four months. There Dr. Wood, of Allegheny City, Pa., 
performed an operation, placing a three-inch piece of silver in his skull. A 
piece of his skull had been pressed down upon his brain, which caused his long 
unconsciousness, and when it was removed he at once recovered his senses. 
When he came to he saw sitting near him Thomas Lyons, one of his comrades, 
and Mr. Powles asked, "Tom, is the battle over?" Lyons immediately an- 
swered, "Good God, Hank, the battle has been over a month, and Lee is in 
Richmond, with our troops close at his heels." When he was partially con- 
valescent, Mr. Powles was told he might be discharged, but replied : 'T volun- 
teered to serve through the war and propose to remain until it is over." 

He reioined the regiment at Culpeper Court House, and on veteranizing, 
Feb. 14, 1864. received a thirtv davs' furlough, and returned home. He took 
part in the battle of the Wilderness, from the 5th to the 9th of ]May, one of the 
most both- contested engagements of the war. On the 7th his gun was lym? 
in the fork of a tree, when a Rebel yelled out "surrender." Mr. Powles' reply 
was to fire. He then dropped his emi and ran, and in the race a minie ball rut 
the hair from his head, from the forehead to the apex of his cranium. The 


Rebel, however, was killed. At the battle of Spottsylvania, May 10, 1864, a 
mime ball pierced Mr. Powles" riglit lung, breaking- his shoulder blade in four 
pieces. He was taken to Campbell Hospital in the District of Columbia where 
he was confined until July 10, 1864, when he was granted a sixty days' fur- 
lough to regain his health. ■ He then returned, and after serving three months 
as a nurse in the Campbell Hospital was placed in the 2d Invalid Corps at 
Washington, D. C, as provost guard, where he remained until the war ended. 
He was on duty as sergeant of the guard at Ford's Opera House when Lin- 
coln was assassinated and saw Booth as he jumped on the stage and shouted 
"Sic semper tyraiinis." He witnessed the Grand Review in \\ ashington, and 
on the 15th of July, 1865, a scarred but honored veteran, was discharged from 
the service. 

After his return home Mr. Powles secured a position as fireman on the 
Racine & Mississippi railroad, and after serving in that capacity for a year and 
a half worked in a gas-fitting establishment in Chicago for eight months. About 
this time he was united in marriage, June 17, 1867, with Miss Martha M. 
Whitcher, who was born in Wisconsin Nov. i, 1845. daughter of John Charles 
and Sarah Ann (Holden) Whitcher, natives of England. Two children were 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Powles : Frank Sherman and Charles Alexander. Frank 
S. Powles travels for Swift & Co., the large Chicago packers; he married 
Elizabeth Bolton Hayes, and they have five children. Claron Daniel. Harry 
Denton, Harold Abram, Dorothy Elizabeth and Frances Martha. Charles 
Alexander Powles is a butcher in Antioch, 111.; he married Erma \^anPatton, 
and they have two sons. Laurel Dewey and Frank Dotton. 

The parents of Mrs. Powles were natives of London. England, and were 
there married. On coming to America they were among the early pioneer set- 
tlers of Yorkville township, Racine Co., Wis., the county at that time being 
infested with Indians, and wolves and wild game of all kinds were abundant. 
Mr. Whitcher purchased government land at $1.25 per acre, and here reared 
his family. Mr. and Mrs. Whitcher had two children born to them in their 
native country ; Sarah, who died in England, when two years old ; and Char- 
lotte, who came with her parents to the United States and married Adam Hun- 
ter, now being a resident of Yorkville township. Four children were born to 
Mr. and Mrs. Wliitcher in this country, namely; Elizabeth, deceased; Mar- 
tha M., widow of Henry G. Powles; Thomas James, who resides on the old 
homestead in Yorkville township, and Charles Holden, who lives near Bristol, 
in Kenosha county, and who was sherift' of that county for two years. John 
Charles Whitcher, the father, was a coachman in England, but after coming to 
this country he always followed farming. He lived upon the farm on which 
he settled for forty years or more, after which he and his wife removed to 
LTnion Grove, where she died in 1890, aged eighty-one years. After the death 
of his wife Mr. Whitcher went to live with his daughter. Mrs. Powles. with 
w-hom he died in 1891, aged seventy-nine years. 

Henry G. Powles cast his first Presidential vote for Abraham Lincoln. He 
was one of the organizers of the G. A. R. post of Union Grove, and was an 
ofificer of the day for many years. He had the good-will and esteem of all who 
knew him, his upright life having won him universal confidence. He died at 
his home in the village of LTnion Grove, about eight o'clock on Tuesday morn- 
ing, Oct. II. 1904. and although his death was expected the announcement 


cast a pang of sorrow throughout the village and southern part of the county. 
He had been a great sufferer from the close of the war until his death. Air. 
Powles was quite a genius in the use of the scroll saw, and left many relics of 
his handiwork which will be greatly cherished by his descendants. 

CHARLES D. AIcXEIL, carpenter and builder in Pleasant Prairie town- 
ship, Kenosha county, was born in Jeft'erson county, X. Y., June 3, 1839, son 
of William and Sarah (Lyon) McNeil. 

The parents of Mr. McNeil were natives of New \ ork, but the paternal 
grandfather was bom in Scotland and reared three sons, Benjamin, William 
and James. The children of William and Sarah McNeil were four sons and 
two daughters, namely: Rosalie, wife of Robert Tait, of Racine; Charles D., 
of Pleasant Prairie township; George, also of that township; William, de- 
ceased ; Frank, of Bristol township ; and Addie, who lives with her brother 
Frank. William McNeil, the father, was reared a farmer, and he came from 
New York to Wisconsin in 1845, settling in Pleasant Prairie township where 
he bought eighty acres of land and improved it, and on it he reared his family 
in comfort. He died here in 1870, aged sixty-six years, survived by his wife 
a number of years. They were most worthy people, respected by all who knew 

Charles D. McNeil was six years old when his parents came to Kenoshai 
county, and he grew to manhood on his father's farm in Pleasant Prairie town- 
ship, and was educated in the district schools. He remained at home until his 
majority, and then went to work at the carpenter trade which he has followed 
ever since with the exception of three years, during which he was foreman on 
the old Truesdale farm in Pleasant Prairie township. 

Air. McNeil was married Feb. 22, 1866, to Miss Laverne A. Taylor, 
daughter of Parsons and Mary A. (Higgins) Taylor, and a family of eleven 
children has been born to this union, five sons and six daughters: (i) Alice 
married O. G. Bush, and they live in Marathon county. Wis. ; they have chil- 
dren : Duane, Harold, Raymond, Archie, Laverne and Irene. (2) Delia mar- 
ried William Hollenbeck, and at death left these children : Nettie, Jessie and 
Isabel. (3) George lives at Mount Vernon, Washington, where he is a fisher- 
man. He married Edith Gage. (4) Jessie married Charles Johnson, and they 
live in Racine. Their children are: Harold and Beulah. {5) Chauncy is a 
teamster and lives in Kenosha. He married Gertrude Lewis, and they have two 
children. Earl and Esther Laverne. (6) Mary married Henry Gunderson, of 
Pleasant Prairie township and they have one son. Glen. (7) Lulu married 
Harry Cummings, of Kenosha, and they have one daughter, Evelyn. (8) 
Florence married Harry Bain, and they live in Racine. (9) Jay is employed 
in the powder mill at Pleasant Prairie. He married Lulu Eby anfl they have 
one son, Everett. (10) Frank lives at home as does (11) Raymond. 

Politically Mr. MclNeil is a stanch Republican. In 1864 he enlisted for 
service in the Civil war, in Company C. 39th Wis. \^. I., and served f()ur 
months, returning to his home without injury. 

The paternal grandfather of Mrs. McNeil was a farmer and reared six 
children. Her maternal grandfather was Fitch Higgins, who came to Wis- 
consin from Connecticut, and settled in Pleasant Prairie township, where he 


Avas one of the earliest pioneers. He took up go\-ernnieut land Iwo miles from 
Southport, on which he lived until his death when over ninety years of age. 
He and his first wife, the grandmother of Mrs. McNeil, were the parents of 
one son and four daughters, namely : W-illiam ; Emeline, who married Rollin 
Tuttle; Mary Ann, the mother of Mrs. McNeil; and Eliza, who married 
Hezekiah Richards ; the youngest and the only survivor being Amanda, who 
became the wife of Adrian Foster. The second wife of Mr. Higgins was 
Lucinda Miller and they had tw^o children, viz. : Charles, a resident of Pleas- 
ant Prairie, and Frederick, who lives in Chicago. 

Parsons Taylor, the father of Mrs. McNeil, was born in New York, and 
married Mary A. Higgins, a native of Vermont. They came to Pleasant 
Prairie township with the early pioneers, and saw many hardships incident to 
life here in those days. The father bought eighty acres of land which he later 
sold and bought 200 acres at Pleasant Prairie Station. This he also sold and 
bought a farm near Marengo, 111., later removing to the vicinity of Fort Dodge, 
la., where he died. His widow survived him until the spring of 1903, when 
she was in her seventy-ninth year. They had eight children, namely : Ellen, 
deceased, who was the wife of George Poor; Edgar Taylor, deceased ; Laverne, 
wife of Mr. McNeil; Oscar, of Pleasant Prairie township: Fitch, of Wheaton, 
111. ; Dellazon, deceased ; Ida, wife of James McDonald, of Rockford. 111. ; and 
Evelyn, wdio died aged twelve years. 

JOHN J. ENGLISH, a leading business man of Kenosha, Wis., engaged 
in the hardware line, was born in that city June 8, 1855. He is a son of 
Patrick and Elizabeth (Murray) English, the former a nati\-e of Ireland, the 
latter of Scotland. The paternal grandfather of John J. English, a native of 
Ireland, came to America and settled in Kenosha, where he died at an advanced 
age, as did also his wife. They had a family of fi\-e children of whom Patrick 
was the father of our subject. 

Patrick English, on coming to America, settled in Southport (now Keno- 
sha) Wis., where he carried on a butcher business for many years. He died in 
1883, aged si.xty-three years. At an early date in the history of Kenosha he w^as 
an alderman of the city. His widow^ survived until August, 1903, being in her 
seventy-ninth year at the time of her death. Both were Catholics. They were 
the parents of fourteen children, eleven of whom are still living: William; 
Edward ; Thomas ; Robert ; John ; Charles ; Ann, the widow of William Mc- 
Dermott; Lizzie; ]\Iary, the widow of Michael Burns: Angeline, the wife of 
Harry Kupfer ; and Catherine, the wife of Thomas O'Neil. Mrs. Patrick Eng- 
lish was a daughter of William and Ann (Riley) Murray, natives of Scotland, 
who came to America and for a number of years lived in Kenosha county, 
Avhere they both died. 

John J. English has spent his entire life in Kenosha. After attending the 
public and parochial schools he began clerking in the hardware business, and 
in 1892 formed a partnership with G. V. Redeker. in that business, under the 
firm name of Redeker & English. This firm continued until 1902. when -Mr. 
Fnglish purchased his partner's interest, and he has since continued the business 
alone. On April 24. t888, Mr. Ensrlish and Miss .\nnie Moeller. daughter of 
\\'illiam and ^lary (Reiman) [Nloeller, were united in marriage, and two chil- 


dren have beeif born to this union, Beatrice and Beulah. The family reside at 
Mo. 353 Fark street, where Mr. tinglisli built a pleasant home in 1902. Mr. 
and ivirs. Enghsh are members of st. James Catholic Church, traternally 
Air. English is connected with the Canadian foresters. Politically he is a Dem- 

The grandfather of Mrs. English was a native of Hilldrup, Westphalia, 
Prussia, and on coming to America settled in Kenosha, Wis., where he and his 
wife died at an advanced age. They had a family of nine children, of whom 
William Moeller was the father of Airs. English. He was born in Westphalia, 
and on coming to America settled in Southport (now Kenosha), where he 
followed his trade of brewer. At an early period in the history of Kenosha he 
was marshal of the city. He died in 1886, at the age of fifty-eight years. 

Mr. Moeller married Mary Reiman, who was born at Neunkirchen, 
Kriegsdown, Trier, Prussia, daughter of Bernard Reiman and Lena Barlinger, 
natives of Prussia who came to America and lived in Kenosha county for a 
number of years, both dying here; they were Catholics in religious faith. Will- 
iam and Mary (Reiman) Moeller were the parents of twelve children, the 
mother and eleven children surviving the father. Nine of this family are still 
living : Elizabeth, wife of John Schoetler ; Mary, wife of George Gill ; Rose, 
wife of James Gorman ; Annie, born in Kenosha March 1 1. 1863, wife of John 
J. English ; William, unmarried ; Kate, wife of Edward Dolan ; Caroline, who 
is unmarried; Josephine, wife of Eli Dresden; and John, who is married. 

GEORGE D. HEAD, who was until his death senior member of the iirm 
of Head & Grant, proprietors of the Kenosha Lumber Company, of Kenosha, 
Wis., was born in Paris, Oneida Co., N. Y., June 22, 1830, son of Ralph 
and Eliza (Doolittle) Head, natives of New York. 

Jonathan Head, the grandfather of George D., was probably a native 
of Rhode Island. He was a carpenter by trade, and also followed agricultural 
operations, and was an early settler of New York State. He died in the town 
of Paris, N. Y., being nearly ninety years of age. His wife, Hepsabeth Liv- 
ermore, also attained an advanced, age. 

The maternal grandfather of George D. Head was Uri Doolittle, a native 
of Connecticut. A mason by trade, he was the builder of Hamilton College, 
and he also operated a farm upon which he lived in Paris township, in New 
York. He served in the Revolutionary war, and attained an advanced age, 
as did also his wife. He belonged to the Masonic fraternity. 

Ralph H^ad was a wagonmaker in Paris. N. Y., and there died aged for- 
ty-six years. Two years after his death his wife came West, and, settling in 
Kenosha, lived witii her son George D., until her death at the age of sixty- 
one years. Both she and her husband were Episcopalians. He was a stanch 
Andrew Jackson Democrat and was quite a politician. Of his six children 
but one is now living, Mary E., wife of R. E. Sutherland, of Kenosha. 

George D. Head was reared in Oneida county, N. Y., where he remained 
until sixteen years of age. In 1846 he came to Southport, and lived here 
ever afterward. His schooling was obtained in New York State, and his 
entry in the business world was as a clerk for his uncle, Daniel Head, at An- 
tioch. Lake Co., 111. On locating in Southport he became clerk in the old 


"Runals House" for Head, Campbell & Head. In 1854 he started in business 
for himself in a general store, continuing in that business until 1S60, when 
he was burned out in a fire which destroyed both sides of the street, he being 
located at the corner of Main and Pearl streets. Not having carried any 
insurance, Mr. Head's loss was a total one, but, nothing daunted, he started 
in the lumber business. Soon after this he started pressing hay, and also a 
wagon works with R. E. Sutherland (his brother-in-law), which ventures, 
proving profitable, gave him a new start. Although starting without capital, 
he soon established a reputation for square dealing, and built up a good 
credit and a large business. He continued hay pressing for a few years, in 
connection with wagon making, after which time he devoted his time and 
attention almost exclusively to the lumber business. For the last eleven 
years of his life he was associated with E. L. Grant. 

Mr. Head died May 19, 1906, after a long illness, and was laid to rest 
in the family plot in the city cemetery. The following appeared in a local 
paper the day of the funeral : 

"The death of George D. Head marks the passing of one of the best 
known men in this part of Wisconsin. He w'as a man universally known and 
universally loved and the announcement of his deatii will cause the tear of 
sorrow to fall in many homes in the city. * * * * 

"Few men in Kenosha enjoyed such a personal popularity as George D. 
Head. He was a man without enemies in the broadest sense of the word. 
He took a kindly interest in the affairs of those he chose to call his friends, 
and to these people his death must come as a personal sorrow. Mr. Head was 
distinctly a man of the home, and those who knew- him at his fireside will feel 
his loss most keenly." 

On Nov. I, 1858, Mr. Head married Miss Eliza ]\I. Sexton, daughter of 
Aaron and Maria (Runals) Sexton, and to this union were born eight chil- 
dren: Kittie D., Eugene Ralph, Bertha, Daniel O.. Ida Belle, Frederick S.. 
and two who died in early childhood. Kittie D. married E. S. Wilson, of 
Oshkosh, Wis., and has four children, George H.. Ralph, Morris and Joseph. 
Eugene R. is in the printing and publishing business," continuing the paper 
established in Kenosha (or Southport) — the Telegraph Courier — and also 
operates in real estate; he married Mildred Lewis, and they have three chil- 
dren, Clarence, Bertha and Robert. Bertha, the third child, was drowned 
in Lake Michigan when twenty years of age. Daniel O., who engaged in 
the lumber business with his father, married Lottie A. Chalfant. and they 
have four children, George D., Randolph, Daniel Orin and Beatrice. Ida 
Belle married Frank Pearson, and they reside in Chicago, III. Frederick S. 
is in the employ of a lumber company of Goldfield. Neb. ; he married Ruth 
Hurd. and they have two children, Charles and Elizabeth. 

George D. Head was an Episcopalian, as is also his widow. He was 
a Republican, and closely connected with local political affairs for half a cen- 
tury. In the early days he served as city treasurer of the city, for one term, 
was alderman of the First ward, and later held the same position in the Fourth 
ward. Mr. Head lived at No. 404 Park street from 1854 until his death. 

98 co:m:me^iorative biographical record. 

REV. STEPHEN DEAN TRANT, who is well known throughout 
Wisconsin for the great and good work he has accomplished as a minister of 
the Gospel, is pastor of St. Patrick's Roman Catholic Church of Racine, and 
dean of the Racine District of the Catholic Church. His birth occurred in 
Southport (now Kenosha), Wis., Dec. 26, 1844, and he is a son of William 
and Anastasia (Scannell) Trant, natives of the south of Ireland. 

Thomas Trant, the grandfather of Dean Trant, was born in Ireland, and 
there died. He and his wife, whose maiden name had been Bridget Hussey, 
had one son and two daughters. This son, William, married in Canada, Nov. 
28, 1838, Anastasia Scannell, daughter of William Scannell, a merchant of 
Ireland, where he died. Mrs. Trant's mother was Ellen Kent, who passed 
away in Milwaukee. After marriage, in 1842, Mr. and Mrs. William Trant 
left Canada and came to Wisconsin, locating in Southport, where, until Mrs. 
Trant's death, in 1850, of cholera, they conducted an old-fashioned tavern, 
known as the "Lake House." Mr. and Mrs. Trant had four children, two sons 
and two daughters, namely : Rev. Stephen, William Joseph and Maria, 
twins, and Ellen. The last named died of cholera at the time of the death of 
her mother. William Joseph was a machinist by trade and resided in Mil- 
waukee for nearly fifty years, dying there, a bachelor, March 27, 1905, while 
Maria is the widow of Christopher Garvey, and resides at Prairie du Chien, 
Wis. William Trant continued to reside in Kenosha up to the time of his 
death. May 24, 1854, when about fifty-four years of age. He had been a 
bookkeeper in his native country, and was a man of fine education and excel- 
lent reputation. 

Father Stephen Trant was reared in Kenosha, where he remained, at- 
tending the public schools, until 1856, in which year he went to live with an 
aunt in ^Milwaukee, both his mother and father having died. He attended the 
Christian Brothers' School at old St. Peter's Church and afterward St. Aloy- 
sius' Academy, conducted by the Jesuit Fathers. At the latter institution he 
remained until February. 1861, and then entered St. Francis' Seminary at 
Milwaukee to study for the priesthood, being ordained Dec. 19, 1868. His 
first assignment was to Highland, Wis., where he remained twelve years, 
whence he became pastor of St. Joseph's Church at Fond du Lac, Wis., and 
remained at this charge fi\-e years. On Feb. 10, 1886, Father Trant came to 
Racine, becoming pastor of St. Patrick's Chvirch, where he still remains, be- 
loved by a large congregation. Since taking charge of the pastorate consid- 
erable improvements have been made, but the Father's modesty makes it im- 
possible for the writer to enumerate these. In connection with the Church is 
a graded school, conducted by the Sisters of St. Dominic. This school has 
grown rapidly from a small one organized by two sisters to a school of con- 
siderable size. In the year 1887 Father Trant was made dean of the Racine 

Father Trant's father, William Trant, acquired valuable property in 
Kenosha, and as a man of progressive ideas and public spirit gave liberally to 
the support of those enterprises which he believed would have a beneficial 
effect upon the community. He was zealous in the cause of the Roman Cath- 
olic Church, and donated the site of the house of worship in Kenosha, with the 
one condition that the congregation should erect thereon a brick stnicture. 


This was done, the old St. Mark's church being built, which has been replaced 
by the present St. James" church. William Trant and his wife were highly 
respected and greatly esteemed among the neighbors, who, in their deaths, 
sustained the loss of charitable friends and true Christian people. 

Father Trant's congregation embraces something over two hundred fam- 
ilies, and by all he is esteemed and beloved. Full of charity and thought for 
others, he has hosts of friends throughout the State, while his sound judg- 
ment and sterling character have won for him a place in the front rank of men 
of refinement and education. 

St. Patrick's Church Society. The pioneer settlers of the Roman 
Catholic faith in Racine and Kenosha counties had their spiritual wants at- 
tended to by Rev. Thomas Morrissy, who came to the Territory about 1840. 
There was not then, nor for some years afterward, any Catholic Church in 
these two counties. Upon the arrival of Father Morrissy; wdiich was at 
somewhat irregular periods, it was customary to notify the few Catholics in the 
vicinity to meet at a certain house, where mass and instructions were held, 
and the necessary sacraments dispensed. One of the stations of his very 
extensive circuit w-as at Racine. 

Near the close of 1841 Rev. Martin Kundig came to the Territory from 
Detroit, Mich., and made his headquarters in Milwaukee. He also made 
frequent visits to Racine and Kenosha counties, gathered the faithful to- 
gether, said mass, instructed the people, and baptized the children. In time, 
the number of Catholics increasing in Racine, property was purchased on 
Fifth street, near where the "Commercial Hotel" now stands, and an unpre- 
tentious frame building erected thereon. This was the first Catholic Church 
in Racine, and was called St. Luke's. In less than two years this church was 
found to be too small to accommodate the rapidly increasing number of Cath- 
olic worshippers, and steps were taken to build a larger edifice. A Mr. Riordan 
gave the society a quit claim deed for two lots on the southwest corner of 
Eighth street and Lake avenue, upon what was then the school section. In 
1845 a church building sufficiently large to accommodate the Catholics of all 
nationalities was erected on this site. Services were then discontinued at the 
old St. Luke's Church and the property sold. 

In September, 1846, by the appointment of the Right Rev. John Martin 
Henni. who, two years previously, was made Bishop of Milwaukee, Rev. 
Francis Prendergast w^as sent to Racine as the first resident pastor of the 
church, which was called St. Ignatius. Father Prendergast remained in 
charge only about one year and was succeeded by Rev. P. J. Fander. wlio 
remained two years. In August, 1849, Rev. Charles Shroudenbach- 
took pastoral charge, and remained about three years. In November, 1851. 
Rev. John W. Norris. D. D., was appointed pastor, which position he held 
one year, when he was succeeded by Rev. :Martin Kundig, V. G., in August, 
1852. During his pastorate, which lasted about two years, the German Cath- 
olics saw that they were numerically strong enough to build a church of their 
own and support a priest of their own nationality. Tlie English speaking 
Catholics indemnified their brethren for the money interests they had held in 
St. Ignatius Church when the Germans proceeded to build a church on the 


corner of College avenue and Eighth street. Father Kundig became the pas- 
tor of the new St. Mary's Church and Rev. T. A. Smith succeeded him as 
pastor of the Church of St. Ignatius in June. 1855. Though additions had 
twice been build to St. Ignatius Church, and notwithstanding that the Ger- 
mans now had a church of their own, it was soon apparent that the old church 
was entirely too small to afiford ruum for the English speaking Catholics. In 
canvassing the opinions of the congregation on the subject of a new church, 
it became manifested that by far the greater number of the communicants 
resided on the north side of the river, and as a consequence voted to have the 
new church in question erected on the north side. Under the management 
of Father Smith, property was secured on St. Clair street, and the present 
St. Patrick's Church completed in 1856. The pastors of St. Patrick's Church 
also officiated at St. Ignatius Church, on the south side, every Sunday up to 
May 12, 1862, when services were discontinued. From this time until 1885 
the English speaking Catholics of Racine worshipped at St. Patrick's. At 
this time the necessity of having another English speaking church in the city, 
and located on the south side, became apparent. The result was the building 
of St. Rose's Church, at the corner of Eleventh and Grand avenue. 

In September, 1859, Father Smith was succeeded by Rev. G. H. Bren- 
nan, who remained in charge until Jan. 14, 1861, when he was followed by 
Rev. M. W. Gibson, who, in turn, was succeeded by Rev. George W. 
Matthews, on the 14th of May, 1863. Under the administration of Father 
Matthews, which continued for twenty-three years, more church property was 
secured, a brick parsonage built, a commodious schoolhouse and church hall 
were erected, all church indebtedness paid, and many improvements made. 
Father Matthews died while acting as pastor of the church, Jan. 27, 1886, 
highly esteemed by all classes. 

The present pastor. Rev. Stephen Trant, was appointed to the charge of 
St. Patrick's Church after the death of Father Matthews. St. Patrick's con- 
gregation has an excellent parochial school, a fine pastoral residence, which 
has been considerably remodeled and improved under the present management, 
and a beautiful church property. The temporal or business affairs of the 
society are managed by a committee elected by the congregation, and whose 
duty it is to confer with the pastor on matters of a purely secular nature. The 
affairs of St. Patrick's Church now, as in the past, are conducted without the 
least friction. 

DAVID PAYXTER WIGLEY is one of the most successful, substan- 
tial and enterprising business men of Racine. It is dubious, indeed, whether 
there has ever been, in the history of the business men of Racine, such a re- 
markably successful career as that of Mr. Wigley during the twelve years he 
has been actively engaged in business there. From the position of a poor me- 
chanic during the panic of 1893. he overcame the keen competition of well- 
established business firms in the flour and feed line at that time, which is the 
most difficult obstacle that every man beginning in the business world has to 
contend with, and by steps forward in steady and rapid succession he quickly 
arose to the point where he was and is referred to as one of Racine's proud 
products of substantial financial worth as well as a dealer of high and good 


]\Ir. \\'igley was burn in Rhus Goch, Staylittle, Trefeghvys, Montgoniery- 
shire, North Wales, Nuv. 25, 1856. His boyhoud days were spent in a humble 
farming community, and being dissatisfied witli the prospects of advancement 
and financial betterment there he decided to try his fortune in the United States. 
He came here in the month of March, 1881, and soon secured employment on 
the farm of David Jones, about five miles west of the city, in the town of Mt. 
Pleasant, Racine Co., Wis. Here he remained for one year and during the 
winter months availed himself of a short schooling in district school No. 10. 
The following year he removed to the city and for a period of eleven years was 
engaged in the wood department shops of the J. I. Case Threshing' Machine 

On Aug. 31. 1892, Mr. Wigley was united in marriage with ]Miss Jane 
Jones, of Venedocia, Ohio, and soon after purchased a home at No. 712 Villa 
street. Mrs. Wigley was born at Brynunty, Llanbrynmair, Montgomeryshire, 
North Wales, and with her parents came to this country and settled near Vene- 
docia, Ohio, in the year 1884. Mrs. Wigley was given a warm welcome into 
Racine society. She is a most highly esteemed lady, possessing a charming and 
most amiable disposition, and her ability and energy and co-operation were 
equal factors in the success of her husband in every way. 

During the panic of 1893, as referred to before, Mr. Wigley accepted a 
position as city solicitor and salesman with the Star Mills. During his few 
months' services with this company he grasped the idea of a future livelihood 
and soon he started as a small dealer in the flour and feed business, on his own 
responsibility. Working and hustling at all hours, and by strict attention to 
business, he soon became prominent in his line and by conservative thriftiness 
was able to cope with the competition in the market. • 

In 1895 li^ purchased one of the oldest flour and feed establishments in 
the city, that of Kent & Smith, on College avenue. Here he forged ahead with 
a much more rapid pace, and five years later purchased the old Turner Hall 
site, one of the most valuable real estate sites in the heart of the city. He re- 
modeled the structure at a large expense, transforming the ground floor into 
one of the most modern stores, and improving the hall above, which to-day is 
known as Wigley's Hall — a commodious place of gathering for lodges and var- 
ious societies. 

Mr. Wigley In' this time had built up not only a retail but one of the largest 
wholesale trades in Racine, and it became necessary for him to secure ware- 
rooms near railroad accommodations. He purchased a valuable site at Mead 
and Eighth streets, near the Chicago & Northwestern Railroad Company's 
tracks, where he erected a substantial two-story depositary. Within the past 
very few years his business has increased much more rapidly, and to such an 
extent that he has been obliged to again seek larger and better facilities f(^r the 
care of his trade. In 1905 he purchased, on the river front, at Wisconsin and 
Third streets, the Emerson Mills, which were then owned by the trust, the 
American Linseed Oil Company, a large formidable six-story brick structure, 
with thousands of square feet of floor space. He has completely remodeled the 
interior and equipped the same with the most modern grinding machinery and 
devices for the rapid handling of all cereal products. He is proprietor of the 
only elevator in this part of the State, and is now engaged in not only supply- 
ing all local trade l)Ut in exporting in trainlnad quantities. 


i\Ir. W'igley is not only a successful business man but is equally prominent 
in tbe best social circles of tbe city. Both Mr. and Mrs. Wigley are among the 
leading members of the Welsh Presbyterian Church, and he is also an honorary 
member of the Kymric Club, as well as a member of the Royal League, Modern 
Woodmen, St. David's Society and the Royal Arcanum. 

JOHN FOX WELL (deceased) was one of the early settlers of Racine 
county, with which he was identified for over forty years. He was born in 
Cornwall, England, son of William Foxwell. 

William Foxwell was born in England, and died in that country, where 
he and his father, John Foxwell, were country gentlemen owning good estates. 
William Foxwell was the recipient of a medal from the Royal Society of Eng- 
land for saving the crew of the troop ship "Royal George," which was wrecked 
of¥ the coast of Cornwall when returning from India. He died when about 
&eventy-five years old, and was survived by his wife, Ann (Harris) Foxwell, 
a daughter of John Harris, a farmer, who died in England. After her hus- 
band's death Mrs. Foxwell came to America with her family, although she was 
then sixty-three years of age, and she lived in Yorkville township, Racine Co., 
Wis., until her death, which occurred when she was in her eightieth year. 

John Foxwell came from England to America in 1840, and located in 
Racine county. Wis. He took up land from the government at $1.25 per acre, 
buying what is now known as the Thomas Shephard farm, but in less than a 
year he sold out and moved to Caledonia township, buying a farm there. After 
some fifteen years' residence there he returned in March, 1856, to Yorkville 
township, where he purchased a large farm on which he lived until the day of 
his death. ]Mr. Foxwell was a man of more than ordinary' mental attainments, 
and, having received a liberal education in his native land, became a valuable 
acquisition in this new community. With a musical and artistic temperament, 
and deep religious convictions, he was a power among his neighbors for good, 
and was one of the founders and a lifelong supporter of the church and society 
at Yorkville, his best endeavors being freely given as a lay-preacher, as long as 
he was able to build it up. Politically, before and during the Civil war, Mr. 
Foxwell was an Abolitionist, and when that question was settled espoused the 
cause of the Prohibition party. He was without political ambition, but never 
indifYerent to the welfare of the State. He died at his home March 20. 1882, 
at the age of seventy-five years. 

John Foxwell chose for his wife Miss Lucy P. Briggs, daughter of Ansel 
and Susanna (Alton) Briggs, born in Zanesville. Ohio, Aug. 30, 1820. They 
were married Sept. 13, 1841. and Mrs. Foxwell is still living in their old home. 
They were the parents of twelve children, namely : William, of Lincoln. Neb. : 
Susan j\I., deceased, wife of John F. Movie: Avis, wife of Wells M. Cook, of 
DesMoines, Iowa; Lvdia, wife of Jerome McLaughlin, of Hartford, Mich.; 
Marv Ann, wife of Thomas F. Movie, of Waterford. Wis. ; Philander, de- 
ceased; Tohn. of Wapello, Iowa: Alark. of Manitoba; Geore-^. of Waterford; 
Lucv, wife of George Richards, of Waukesha: and Paul and Elsie, who did not 
outlive infancy. 

Mrs. Lucv P. Foxwell is in the seventh generation from the first of the 
Briggs familv to come to America. There were three brothers who came to 


Massachusetts early in the sixteen hundreds, possibly among the Pilgrims. Her 
paternal grandfather, Zedock Briggs, a native of Massachusetts, and a farmer 
by occupation, bore arms in the Revolution. He married Miss Harriet Pal- 
meter, and both lived to a good old age, her death occurring only six weeks 
prior to his. They had five daughters and seven sons. Their son Ansel, father 
of Mrs. Foxwell, was born in Massachusetts, and grew up and married there, 
but in 1814 went with his wife to Ohio. He settled first on a farm on the 
Muskingum river, but afterward moved to Medina county, and finally, in 1837, 
went to Wisconsin, settling in Caledonia township, Racine county, where he 
remained about thirteen years. Then he again sought a new home further 
west, finally locating in Iowa, in Illyria township, Fayette county, where he 
and his wife died. They were buried in the cemetery at Lima. At the time of 
his death. May 8, 1855, Mr. Briggs was sixty-five years old, and his wife, 
Susanna { Alton) Briggs, died June 10, 1853, 3-g^<i fifty-eight years. They had 
ten sons and two daughters, ten of whom grew to maturity. 

The maternal grandfather of Mrs. Foxwell, Amasa Alton, came to this 
countrv as a Hessian soldier, fought against the Colonists, was wounded, and 
was taken prisoner at the battle of Saratoga. On parole, becoming better ac- 
quainted with the object of the Colonists, he espoused their cause, and renounc- 
ing his allegiance to King and Country became an American citizen. When 
the strife was over he lived and died as a farmer in Massachusetts. He was 
twice married, first to Miss Rachel Blood and second to Miss Philena Rice. By 
the two marriages he became the father of six children, all daughters. 

Mrs. Lucy P. Foxwell made the journey from Ohio to Wisconsin with 
her father's family in 1837, and she well remembers the trip, which was made 
by wagon. A resident of Wisconsin for sixty-nine years, she has seen the coun- 
try develop from a wilderness, and can recall Racine when there were only 
four houses on the east side of Main street. One of the interesting characters in 
this sketch, she still lives at the age of eighty-six, in her own home, and in the 
full possession of all her faculties. Her reminiscences of the early settlement of 
Racine county are highly prized by her children, grandchildren and great- 
grandchildren, by all of whom she is duly honored and loved and whose great 
pleasure it is to gather annually at her home and celebrate her birthday. 

JUDGE WTLLIA:\I SMIEDING, Jr.. Judge of the ^lunicipal Court for 
Racine County. Wis., has held that position since January, 1902. Judge 
Smieding's birth occurred Sept. 9, 1868, in Racine, and he is a son of William 
and Mary ( Wustum) Smieding, the former a native of Prussia, Germany, and 
the latter of Racine, Wisconsin. 

The paternal grandfather of our subject was a native of Germany, where 
he died, as did also his wife. George Wustum, the maternal grandfather of the 
Judge, was a native of Bavaria, Germany, and came to Racine during the early 
settlement of that city. He was a butcher by trade, and conducted a shop in 
the city for some years. He was mayor of Racine for a number of years. Mr. 
Wustum died in Racine, aged seventy years, and his wife, Barbara, also lived 
to a ripe old age. 

William Smieding, the Judge's father, came to America in 1853, settling 
first in Cincinnati, later at St. Louis, and coming to Racine about 18^5. In 
partnership with .-n elder brother, Henry E.. he estnlilished a drug business at 


the corner of Third and Main strets, and there he continued to do business for 
twenty-four or twenty-five years, when the business was sold. Since tliat time 
Mr. Smieding has made his home in Mt. Pleasant township, where he owns a 
small farm. Both he and his wife are Protestants. Mr. and Mrs. William 
Smieding have had these children born to them: Henry G., of Racine; Judge 
William: Miss Marie; Herman, of Racine; George, a physician of Jefferson 
county. Wis. ; and Fred, of Racine. 

William Smieding, Jr., was reared in Racine, where he attended the public 
and high schools, from the latter of which he was graduated in 1887, in which 
year he entered the Wisconsin University, at Madison, graduating therefrom in 
letters in 1891 and from the law department in 1893. He was admitted to the 
Bar in June of the same year, and at once began practice in Racine. In April. 
1901, he was elected Judge of the Municipal Court of Racine and assumed the 
duties of the office Jan. i, 1902, and was re-elected for a second term in April, 
1905. This office he still holds. Judge Smieding belongs to Racine Lodge, 
No. 18, F. & A. M. : to Racine Lodge, No. 32, Knights of Pythias; to the Ete. 
and to the Maccabees. 

HON. ALEXANDER BAILEY, who has been a resident of the village 
of Salem, Wis., for nearly fifty years, is now one of the most prominent and 
influential citizens of that village. He was born in the town of Lorraine, 
Jefferson Co., N. Y., June 26, 1824. son of George and Olive (Kasson) Bai- 
ley, the former a native of Rhode Island and the latter of Montgomery 
county, New York. 

The paternal grandfather, George Bailey, and his wife, Nancy Briggs, 
belonged to prominent stock of Massachusetts, and were of English descent. 
They had a family of seven children. The founders of the Kasson family in 
this country were Adam and Jane (Hall) Kasson. members of the Presbyte- 
rian Church of Voluntown at its incorporation in October, 1723. Their 
son, Robert Kasson. born in 1741. was the grandfather of our subject, and 
married Jennie Gaston. He was a soldier in the French and Revolutionary 
wars, but being opposed to the acceptance of French aid in the latter struggle, 
because they were Roman Catholics, he finally left the service, for which he 
was court-martialed, but afterward reprieved. He was a wheelwright by 
occupation, and made his home in Broadalbin, Fulton Co.. N. Y., where he 
died Sept. 25, 1826, aged eighty-five years. 

George Bailey, the father of Hon. Alexander, spent his life at Lorraine, 
Jefferson Co., N. Y., where he died in May, 1838, aged fifty-four years, nine 
months. He belonged to the Minute Men at Sackett's Harbor, and in the 
battle saw General Gray, commander of the British troops, shot. His wife 
survived him, passin? away in May, 1876, at the age of eighty-seven years. 
They had seven children, as follows : Marvel, who resided in Watertown, 
Jefferson Co., N. Y. ; Clark, who was a farmer of the Empire State; Harvey, 
who died in Adams, where he followed harnessmaking; Jane, wife of Levi 
Lamson. deceased in 18^9; George, who was a farmer of Webster county, 
Nebr. ; Henrv, who resided in Adams, N. Y.. and Alexander. All of these 
children, with the exception of Alexander, are now deceased. 

Alexander Bailev. the vouneest of the familv, attended the district 

Cl^cjl^, X^«?t-<-^<6^ 


scliools until thirteen years of age, and completed his education in Adams 
Seminary. He taught' his first school the winter he was seventeen years of 
age and "followed that profession for two years, when, in 1843, he came to the 
West to try his fortune on its broad prairies. By canal and lake he journeyed 
westward, landing in October, 1843, in Milwaukee, where he left his wife, 
while he started on foot to seek a location. He walked all the way to 
Kenosha county, and purchased 160 acres of land on Section 33, Brighton 
township, paying for it at the Government price of $1.25 per acre. On the 
claim a small frame cabin had been built, 10x10 feet, and for four months 
this was the home of Mr. and Mrs. Bailey. They lived in true pioneer style, 
and experienced many of the privations and hardships incident to life on the 
frontier. For fourteen consecutive winters he engaged in teaching school, 
while in the summer season his energies were devoted to the cultivation and 
improvement of his land, which in course of time yielded him abundant 

In 1856 :\Ir. Bailey removed to what is now the village of Salem, and 
purchased 145 acres of land on Sections 10 and 11, Salem township, putting 
up the first building in the village and renting same out to Schuyler Benson, 
who conducted a store in the building for a number of years. Mr. Bailey con- 
tinued to operate the farm until 1859. He then accepted the position of sta- 
tion agent at Salem, with the Chicago & Northwestern Railroad Company, 
and served as such until 1889, or for thirty long years, a fact which illustrates 
his faithfulness and the trust reposed in him by the company. Much of this 
time he held the office of postmaster, to which he was appointed in i860. No 
other filled the position until the election of Grover Cleveland, in 1884, when, 
on account of his political views, he was superseded by a Democrat. Other 
official positions he has also held, having served as assessor in 1850-51; in 
1858 as superintendent of schools in Salem township; from 1862 to 1869 as 
town treasurer; and in 1870 was elected to the State Legislature, where he 
served with distinction. He was one of the organizers of the Old Settlers' 
Club of Salem township. 

Mr. Bailey is now living retired after many years of faithful labor. 
He has a wide acquaintance throughout his community and is held in high 
esteem for his sterling worth and integrity. His public and private life are 
alike above reproach, and he well deserves representation in this volume. 

On July 16, 1843, just before coming West, Mr. Bailey married Miss 
Betsey L. Haws, daughter of Ebenezer and Lucinda (Potter) Haws, and 
seven children were born to this union, Ellen Jane, Frances A., Eugene. 
George, Lamont and Lillie (twins) and Rosa. Of these, (i) Ellen Jane 
married Andrew Booth, and they live in Trevor, Wis. They have four 
daughters living, Mabel, Carrie. Gertrude and Nina. Mabel married Henry 
Lubeno, and they have three children, Harry, Mildred and Vera. Carrie 
married Ellery Patterson, of Glendive. Mont., and they have three children, 
Myron, Eugene and Helen. Nina married George Swan, and they live in 
Topeka, Kans., and have two children, Donald and Dorothy. (2) Frances 
A. married Jerome Palmatier, who was a soldier in the Civil war and died in 
May, 1874. " They had two children : Myron, who died at the age of twenty- 
six years, married Lovina Riley, and had one child, Lora ; Luanah, who mar- 


ried George Patrick, has two children, Byron and Mihon. (3) Eugene mar- 
ried Avis Smith, and for his second wife Carrie Davison (now deceased), by 
whom he had four children, Bessie (who married Llewellyn Lloyd), Eugenia, 
Alexander and Ivlarjnrie. He married for his third wife, Inastelle Gauch, 
and they have two children, Annie Frances and George. (4) George is 
deceased. He was twice married, his first wife being Elizabeth Oberlander, 
and the second Nellie Bowman. They had one child, Christine, who died in 
infancy. (5) Lament died in infancy. (6) Lillie married Adelbert Corn- 
well, and they live in Bristol, and have four children : Ralph, who married 
Margaret Bishop, and has two children, Marie and Hele:i ; Ina. who married 
Edwin Thom, and has two children, Lillian and Marion, twins ; Clarence, 
and Kenneth. (7) Rosa, the youngest child of Alexander Bailey, married 
Robert Tait and they had one child, Harold, who died at the age of nine 
years. They live in Milwaukee. The mother of the foregoing children was 
called to her final rest Aug. ij. 1891, and her remains were interred in the 
Liberty cemetery, in Salem township. 

Hon. Mr. Bailey, although in his eighty-second year, reads and writes 
without glasses. He stands erect and walks rapidly, and with a firm step. 
He carries with him an inexhaustible fund of humor, is a good conversation- 
alist, and possesses a remarkable memory. He is one of the oldest settlers in 
Kenosha county. 

SAMUEL REYNOLDS, who has been a resident of Kenosha for sixty- 
two years, is one of the most highly respected citizens of that place. He ie- 
sides at No. 473 Durkee avenue. He was born in Llanidloes, Montgomery- 
shire, Wales, March 22, 1834, son of Owen and Margaret (Owens) Reynolds, 
natives of Wales. His grandparents on toth the maternal and paternal sides 
were natives of Wales, where their lives were spent and where they died. John 
and Ann Reynolds, the paternal grandparents, were natives of Wales, and both 
died there in old age. Their family consisted of three sons and three daughters, 
all of whom came to America and died here. John Reynolds was an under- 
taker by calling. 

Owen Reynolds was a blacksmith. He came to America with his family 
in 1842, locating near L^tica, N. Y., where he followed his trade of blacksmith 
until 1844, when he and part of his family came west to Kenosha county. Wis., 
the rest coming in 1845. They settled five miles west of Southport. now Ken- 
osha, Mr. Reynolds buying a farm in Pleasant Prairie township where he fol- 
lowed farming and blacksmithing. He served his fellow-citizens in various 
minor offices. He died in Pleasant Prairie township in 1861. aged sixty-one 
years. Owen Reynolds married Margaret Owens, daughter of John Owens, 
an Episcopalian minister, who died in Wales about 1839. He was twice mar- 
ried, and Margaret was the eldest of the children born to his first union. Mrs. 
Reynolds passed away in 1857, at the age of about fifty-seven. She was an in- 
telligent and well-educated woman, and both she and her husband were Meth- 
odists, and very devout Christians. Mr. Reynolds was a Sunday-school super- 
intendent for about fifteen years in his native country. ^Ir. and IMrs. Rey- 
nolds had ten children, two of whom died in Wales. The other eight, four 
sons and four daughters, grew to maturity, and came to the LTnited States, 
all becoming well settled in life. Samuel is now the onlv survivor. 


Samuel Reynolds was but eight years old when he came to America, and 
from the age of ten years has called Southport or Kenosha his home. When 
twelve years of age he commenced work with his brother John, at blacksmith- 
ing, working with him four years, and then for two years lived in the country, 
working on the farm in the summer seasons, while he attended the schools dur- 
ing the winters. When eighteen years of age he left Kenosha county and went 
to De Pere, Wis., remaining there nine months in the employ of Jackson & 
Bone, blacksmiths. Mr. Reynolds then went to Pensaukee, Wis., and helped 
iron a vessel there, the "Fannie Gardner." He left there on that vessel in 
October, 1853. and came to Kenosha, entering the employ of Edward Bain, 
with whom he has ever since been employed. 

Mr. Reynolds was married Jan. 31, 1856, to Miss Jennie Tymeson, daugh- 
ter of John Tymeson, and to this union was born one son, Chester J., who is 
buyer for the Studebakers in South Bend, Ind. ; he married Lizzie Bradford, of 
Bennin.gton. Vt.. and has two sons, Bradford and Chester. Mrs. Jennie Rey- 
nolds died in 1871, aged about thirty-three years, in the faith of the Congre- 
gational Church. On Feb. i, 1875, Mr. Reynolds married Kate Bissell. daugh- 
ter of Leonard and Emily Bissell, and one daughter was born to this union, 
Julia Camilla. Mrs. Reynolds is an Episcopalian, while her husband has been 
connected with the Methodist or Congregational churches. He was a leader 
in Congregational and Methodist church choirs for thirty years, and was a 
Sunday-school superintendent for many years. Politically he is a Republican, 
and he ser\'ed as alderman of the First ward for two years. Mr. Reynolds 
has lived long and been permitted to see many changes in Kenosha, doing his 
share to advance the interests of the city during his long residence here. He is 
very well known and highly respected. 

Mrs. Ann (Reynolds) Lane, one of the daughters of Owen and ^Mar^aret 
(Owens) Reynolds, was born July 11, 1825, in Montgomeryshire, Wales, 
where she lived until the age of seventeen years, in 1842 accompanying her par- 
ents to America. They crossed the ocean in the old sailing vessel "Sheridan," 
Capt. Depester, the voyage consuming six weeks. Coming west with the fam- 
ily she was married in 1845 ^ James Brooks Lane, who was born in Jeffer- 
son county, N. Y., Feb. 14. 1823, son of Abraham and Selecta (Bennett) 
Lane, and died the day before Thanksgiving Day, 1889. Ten children were 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Lane, namely : Owen Henry, Margaret Selecta. James 
Franklin, Allsup Brooks (deceased), Ferris Leonard, Edwin Myron, Anna 
Maria, Hollis Whitney (deceased), Charles Ozro and Jane Elizabeth. Of these 
Owen Henry, Margaret Selecta and Anna Maria died in infancy. 

When Mrs. Ann (Reynolds) Lane departed this life, on April 6. 1906. at 
the age of eighty-one years, she had been a resident of Kenosha county for 
sixty-one years, a long time in which to watch the growth and development of a 
country. She saw the wilderness converted into fertile fields and a great city 
grow upon the spot where once roamed the wild creatures of the forest. 

Mrs. Jane (Reynolds) Selway. another daughter of Owen and Margaret 
(Owens) Reynolds, died July 7, 1890. She was a sincere Christian woman, 
greatly beloved by all who knew her. and nt the time of her death the follow- 
ing memoir appeared in the Montana "Christian Advocate" of Jnlv tCi. 1800. 

"Mrs. Tane fReynolds) Selway was born in Wales. Aug. 18. 1839. and 
died at .\lhion, Mich.. July 7, 1890. She was brought to America at the age 


of three years by her parents, who settled in Wisconsin, Xov. 25, 1858. She 
was married to John R. Selway. who with seven children mourn the loss of 
a faithful wife and devoted mother. Mr. and Mrs. Selway came to Montana 
in 1866, and settled in Beaver Head Valley, near the present site of Dillon. 
A year ago she went to Albion, Mich., where three of her children were to 
attend school. Her disease was cancer of the stomach. Her husband, who was 
with her at the time of her death, brought her remains to Dillon for interment. 
Funeral services were held in the M. E. Church of which she was an active 
member for a number of years. The church was beautifully decorated with 
flowers placed there by members of the church societies to which she belonged, 
Rev. G. D. King, of Twin Bridges, Rev. Pritchard (Baptist), of Dillon, and 
the pastor assisting him in the services. Hers was an unusually varied and ac- 
tive life, potent in its results and influence for good. 'She being dead yet speak- 
eth.' In her last letter she wrote : T did want to see Montana before I go, but 
it is all right.' "Tis Him that strengtheneth me. I am perfectly surprised to 
find that death is so completely robbed of all stings when I am so unworthy. 
No plea but the blood of Jesus — I will close, still waiting and trusting.' 

"Thanks be to God who giveth us the \'ictorv through our Lord J(;sus 

Richard A. Reynolds was one of the sons of Owen and Margaret 
(Owens) Reynolds. He went to Montana, where he died in January, 1904. 
The following sketch of his life, taken from "Progressive Men of Montana," 
appeared in the Dillon Montana Tribune of Jan. 29, 1904. 

"One of the sterling pioneers and progressive stock growers of Montana 
is Richard A. Reynolds, whose identification with the great Northewst had its 
inception in the days when the war of the Rebellion was in progress. During 
that memorable period he rendered valiant service as a soldier in this section of 
the LInion, whither his regiment came to assist in quelling the insubordination 
of the Indians, and lived up to the full tension of pioneer life. He has con- 
tributed his quota toward the development of ISIontana. has ever been loyal to 
her best interests, and enjoys the consideration and confidence of the citizens 
of Beaverhead county, his fine home ranch property being located two miles 
south of the attractive little city of Dillon, his post office address. Though of 
foreign birth Mr. Reynolds has practically passed his entire life in the L'nited 
States, his parents having become residents the year of his birth, which occur- 
red in Montgomeryshire, Wales, May 13, 1842, the youngest of ten children 
born to Owen and Margaret (Owens) Reynolds, representatives of stanch old 
Welsh lineage. On arriving in America in 1842 they located in Utica, N. Y.. 
where the father engaged at his trade of blacksmith for a period of two years. 
In 1844 he removed with his family to Kenosha. Wis., settling in Pleasant 
Prairie township, Kenosha county, where he purchased a farm and devoten 
his attention to agricultural pursuits until his death in 1859. his wife having 
passed away two years previously. 

"Richard A. Reynolds, the immediate subject of this re\iew. early began to 
contribute his labor toward the cultivation of the farm, l)Ut securing that edu- 
cational discipline afforded in the public schools, which he attended during the 
M'inter months. He was but fifteen years of age at the time of his mother's 
death, and soon afterward assumed the personal responsibilities of life, leaving 


home and securing work un farms in that locahty. In 1859 he found employ- 
ment in the great himber woods of Wisconsin, and was thus engaged when the 
integrity of the Union was menaced by armed rebeUion. In 1861 he vohtn- 
teered for service in the Union army, but was rejected and continued to work 
in the lumbering districts until 1863, when the Indian uprisings in the North- 
west resulted in a call for volunteers to suppress the same. Mr. Reynolds ac- 
cordingly enlisted in the 30th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry, becoming a 
member of Company I, the entire regiment being made up of lumber- 
men. Their familiarity with Indian character and methods made them par- 
ticularly efficient soldiers for service against the Indians and the regiment was 
assigned to the command of Gen. Sully and came to Montana, the Sioux, 
Blackfeet and Assinniboines being quite troublesome. The regiment remained 
in service until the close of the war of the Rebellion, being mustered out in 
Louisville, Ky., in 1865, having participated in many fierce conflicts with the 
red men. 

"After his discharge Mr. Reynolds returned to northwestern Wisconsin, 
where he remained until May, 1866, when he secured a wagon and four yoke 
of oxen and, as a member of a party of twelve, again set forth for Montana. 
Leaving Wisconsin on May 26, 1866, they arrived in the Indian countrv and 
joined a freighting outfit, with which they continued the journey. In the Black 
Hills the company was corralled by Indians, and while the latter were making 
ready to engage in battle with the emigrants Mr. Reynolds recognized the chief 
as one who had been accorded government protection, through the interposi- 
tion of his old regiment, the Thirtieth Wisconsin. He motioned to the chief 
to come out for a talk, and after a short conference he returned to his band and 
soon withdrew them without molesting the emigrants, not wishing to be re- 
ported to the government authorities. After presenting the Indians tobacco, 
a token of friendship, the train moved on. While en route they passed many 
points showing unmistakable evidences that the Indians had killerl members 
of preceding trains and burned their wagons. After crossing the Big Horn 
river the party were again corralled by Indians, but after exchanging a few 
shots they were again permitted to continue their journey, making the trip hy 
way of Lander's Cutof¥. 

"Mr. Reynolds arrived in what is now Beaverhead county on Nov. 10, 
1866, and took up a tract of land on Blacktail Deer Creek, the nucleus of his 
present fine ranch property. He here turned his attention to agriculture but 
his success for the first three years was of a decidedly negative quality, his crops 
proving a failure each successive year. In 1866 he paid from four to six cents 
a pound in gold dust for seed, but the entire crop was destroyed by grasshop- 
pers. In 1868 he gave up his farming operations and engaged in mining until 
the spring of the following year. Early that spring he and John Bishop went 
to Oregon and brought through to Montana 1,400 head of range sheep for 
breeding purposes, the first band of stock sheep introduced into Montana for 
woolgrowing purposes. From that time Mr. Reynolds has been prominently 
connected with the sheep industry and has prospered along this line. ^Ir. Rey- 
nolds now controls 2,780 acres of fine grazing land in Beaverhead county, and 
in addition to the sheep industry he gives much attention to the raising of high 
grade draft and driving horses and shorthorn cattle. His ranch is equipped 
with the best modern improvements, including a commodious and attracti\-e 


residence. He is knuwn as up.e (jf the suLsUintial an.l enterprising stoci^nicn 
of the State, and his course has been such as tu wni the conhdence and estee.ii 
of the community in which lie has made his home since tlie early pioneer days — 
more than a third of a century. 

"His pohtical support is given to the Republican party, but he has never 
sought nor desired the honors or emoluments of public office other than serv- 
ing as county commissioner and local offices though his interest in all that per- 
tains to the welfare of the county and State is definite and unflagging. 

"In 1871 was solemnized the marriage of Mr. Reynolds to Mrs. Jennie 
Johnson, a sister of Philip H. Poindexter, one of the leading farmers and stock- 
raisers of Beaverhead county. Mrs. Reynolds' death occurred in 1884, and on 
Jan. 26, 1887, our subject consummated a second marriage, being then united 
to Miss Delia Thompson, who was born in Wisconsin." 

THOMAS P. GRIFFITHS, a prominent business man of Union Grove, 
was born in England, near Kington, Herefordshire, Jan. 2^. 1852, son of John 
and Harriet (Price) Griffiths. 

The paternal grandfather, William Griffiths, was a native of Radnorshire, 
Wales, and was a stonemason by trade. He married Aliss Mary Ann Evans, 
had four sons and two daughters, and lived to the age of seventy-six. The 
mother's father was John Price, born in Shropshire, England. He was at one 
time an innkeeper. He lived to middle life and left a family of twelve children. 

John Griffiths was born in Radnorshire, Wales, about 1828. He married 
Miss Harriet Price, an English girl, and spent most of his active life in Eng- 
land. For many years he worked as a stonemason near Kington, and later 
became a contractor. At present he resides near Leominster, in Herefordshire. 
He and his wife both belonged to the Congregational Church. Mrs. Griffiths, 
wdio passed from this world in i8go, aged sixty-one, was the mother of nine 
children, namely : Fannie Jane, wife of Isaiah Watkins, of Nurton Court, 
England ; Thomas P. ; Mary, unmarried, of Ravenswood. 111. ; James, of King- 
ton, England; Jesse, of Hereford, England: Minnie, Mrs. Lewis, of Caermar- 
thenshire. Wales; Matilda H., widow of Thomas Chandler, of Kington; and 
one daughter and one son that died. 

Thomas P. Griffiths lived in England until he was ten years old, and then 
spent the next twenty years just across the border in Radnorshire, Wales. He 
learned the trade of a stonemason from his father, and followed it there until 
1882. when he left the old world for America. He stopped first at Cleveland, 
Ohio, until the following spring, and then went farther west to Wisconsin, 
where he settled in Union Grove. A\'hile he has worked three seasons at Ra- 
cine, as a stone-cutter, his home has always been in the former town. He has 
been steadily engaged in business as a maker of marble, granite and stone 
monuments, rnd has been very successful financially, as he is an expert in his 
line. Mr. Griiifiths has a good reputation as a citizen, and has served as one of 
the village trustees of L^nion Grove. His views are those of the Prohibition 
party. Socially he belongs to I'uritv Lodge, No. 39. I. O. O. F., to the M. W. 
A., and is also a Master Mason. 

On Oct. 2. 1873, Mr. Griffiths was united in marriage to Miss Fannie 
Bound, and thev have beconie the parents of five chiUlren. namely ; Thomas 


Wilfred, who married ^Nliss Barbara Bosnia, and is in his father's employ; 
Elizaljeth Mary, who died in infancy; Bernard J., who is employed by his 
father; Ernest Cecil; and Ethel Mary. The family are all members of the 
Congregational Church, and Mr. Griffiths is a clerk of the Church. He has 
l)een a member of the choir for sixteen years, and his son Thomas and his wife 
are also members of the choir. 

Mrs. Fannie B. Griffiths is a daughter of John and Martha (Edwards) 
Bound, the former of whom was born in Radnorshire and the latter in Here- 
fordshire. The father was a carpenter and builder, and died in 1869, aged 
fifty-six years. The mother passed away in 1872. aged sixty. They had four 
children: Mrs. Griffiths; Mrs. Thomas Davis, of Union Grove; John, of 
Llandrindod Wells; and Thomas, of Liverpool. Mrs. Griffiths' maternal 
grandfather was Evan Edwards, of England. He was a carpenter and builder 
as was also one of his sons, and he lived to be about eighty years old. 

ELIAS S. \"OORHEES, a prominent business man of Burlington, Wis., 
is senior member of the iirni of Voorhees & Fiske, who conduct a sorghum 
works, planing-mill, sawmill, etc. He was born Jan. 13, 1840, in New Bruns- 
wick, N. J., son of Garrett L. and Harriet Ann (VanArsdale) Voorhees, na- 
tives of New Jersey. The mother died when Elias w'as but eighteen months 
old, and the father going to California a year or two later Mr. Voorhees has 
never seen him since. Mr. Voorhees had two sisters : Lucretia Ann, w^idow of 
John Sillsacks, of New Brunswick, N. J., and Jane, who died at the age of 
fourteen years. 

Elias S. Voorhees, after the death of his mother, lived with his grand- 
mother Martin, for four or five years, and grew to manhood at Elizabeth, N. 
J., where he received a limited education. When seventeen years of age he 
began learning the carpenter's trade, and has followed carpentering and build- 
ing ever since. He came to Burlington in 1863, and since that time has made 
his home here, building most of the fine residences of Burlington. For the past 
thirty years he has been in the sorghum mill business, and for twenty-five years 
has operated a planing-mill in connection with his carpentering and building. 
For twenty-three years he and F. H. Nims were associated together. Mr. 
Ninis lived here nearly sixty years, coming here with his father when he was 
ten years old, and died here in January, 1905. The partnership had been dis- 
solved ten years prior to this, after which Mr. Voorhees ran the business alone 
until 1 901, when he became associated with George ^\^ Fiske, under the firm 
style of Voorhees & Fiske. 

On Oct. 23, 1862, Mr. Voorhees married Miss Mary A. Faittoute, daugh- 
ter of James and Henrietta (Crane) Faittoute, and two children have been 
born to this union : Clarence and Jessie May. Clarence is weighmaster in a 
coal mine, in Keota, Mo. Jessie May married Morrel D. Cadwell, and they 
live in Toledo, Ohio, and have two children, Morrel and Lenore. Mr. and 
Mrs. Voorhees are members of the Episcopal Church. Fraternally he is con- 
nected with Burlington Lodge, No. 11, I. O. O. F. In his political sympathies 
he is a Proliibitionist. He was superx'isor, and served on the board of alder- 
men for seven years. 

James and Henrietta Faittoute, Mrs. Voorhees' parents, were natives of 


New Jersey. They had two children : Alary Adelaide and James Edward, 
both now residents of Burlington. x\Ir. and Airs, haittoute came to Burling- 
ton with the Voorhees family in 1863, and here spent the balance of their lives. 
The mother died here in Jfebruary, 1903, aged eighty-nine years, while the 
father survived until April, 1904, and was ninety-three years old at the time 
of his death. By trade he was a brick and stone mason. He was the son of 
Edward Faittoute, a native of Union, N. J., who died there aged se\'enty-five 
years. His wife, Abigail Faittoute, was born during iier parents" hurried flight 
from the English during the Revolutionary war, they being in a sleigh going 
from Union to the mountains. The maternal grandfather of Jilrs. \'oorhees, 
Thomas Crane, was a native of New Jersey. He was a carpenter by trade, and 
followed his occupation at Elizabeth, N. J., where he died well ad\anced in 
years. He served as a soldier in the war of 181 2. 

PETER BERING NELSON, mayor of Racine, Wis., is a prominent at- 
torney as well as a leading citizen, and has been identified with the interests 
of Racine since reaching his maturity. He was born in Schleswig, Germany, 
April 16, 1869, the only child of Hans P. and Christina (Jorgensen) Nelson, 
natives of Denmark. Hans P. Nelson was a carpenter in his young manhood. 
Coming to the United States in 1870, he located first in Union Grove. Racine 
Co., Wis., whence he removed in 1878 to Racine. He was elected county treas- 
urer in 1902, an office he still holds, and also served for a time as alderman of 
the Fifth ward. 

Peter Bering Nelson has been a resident of Racine since the time he was 
one year old. He attended the public schools, and graduated from the high 
school in 1887. He then entered the law school of the University at Madison, 
from which he was duly graduated, and was admitted to the Bar in 1890, at 
once beginning the practice of his profession in Racine, where he has continued 
to the present time. In 1892 he was appointed Danish vice-consul for Wis- 
consin, was elected district attorney in 1894 and re-elected in 1896, and in 
1903 was elected mayor, still filling that highest municipal office. In 1905 he 
was elected president of the Wisconsin League of Municipalities. Politically 
he is a Repul:)Iican. 

On Aug. 26, 1 89 1, Mr. Nelson married Miss Rose O. Johnson, of Ra- 
cine, daughter of Ole P. and Lena (Carlson) Johnson, of Denmark, and to this 
union has been born one daughter, Constance R. Mr. and Mrs. Nelson are 
members of the Danish Lutheran Church. Thev reside in their beautiful home 
at No. 1822 Washington avenue, which Mr. Nelson built in 1894. He belongs 
to Racine Lodge, No. 92, F. & A. M., to the Dania Society, the Knights of 
Pythias, the B. P. O. E., and the Danish Brotherhood. 

Mr. Nelson is president of the Racine Refrigerator & Fixture Company, 
vice-president of the Racine Shoe Manufacturing Company, director of the 
Racine Commercial & Savings Bank and the Racine Malleable & Wrought 
Iron Company, and is identified with other business interests of the city. He 
has made rapid strides as a public man, and is recognized as one of the prom- 
inent and able lawyers of the city, the style of the firm with which he is asso- 
ciated being Cooper. Simmons, Nelson & Walker, who occupy one of the finest 
suites of law offices in the city and have a large practice. Mr. Cooper, of the 


firm, is the present Congressman representing this district, while ]\Iessrs. 
Simmons and Walker are prominent lawyers of Racine. Mayor Nelson has 
a large acquaintance and a host of warm friends, as his large and rapidly 
increasing business, and the fact of his being elected mayor, attest. 

MATHIAS HUCK. While Kenosha has many old settlers still resi- 
dent there wdiose arrival antedates that of ^Nlathias Huck by several years, 
at least, his is the distinction of being established continuously in business 
longer than any other merchant in the city, as the boot and shoe store which 
he is still conducting was opened in 1858. Mr. Huck"s time of residence, 
however, dates back some years earlier, and he has witnessed the whole de- 
velopment of Kenosha, from a little village to its present flourishing estate. 

The parents of Mr. Huck were natives of Alsace-Lorraine, near Stras- 
burg, of German descent. Mathias Huck, the father, was a farmer and black- 
smith there. His father, by occupation a blacksmith, lived to be very old, as 
did his wife also. They had five sons and four daughters. Mathias the elder 
was twice married, his wife being Miss Barbara Geyer, who died in 1839, 
leaving six children. Two daughters died, and the four sons wdio still survive, 
are: Philip, of Alsace; Mathias (2); Xavier, of Racine; and Anthony, of 
Alsace. The second wife was Miss Catherine Zimmerman, who became the 
mother of five sons and one daughter, none of whom came to America. The 
father passed away at his old home in Alsace, when eighty-three years of age. 

The maternal grandparents of ]Mathias Huck (2) were Xavier and Bar- 
bara ( Smith) Geyer. farming people of Alsace, where the former died, an old 
man. They had two sons- and two daughters of their own, and also brought 
up their grandson Mathias, whose mother died when he was eight years old. 

Born March 4. 1831, Mathias Huck remained in his native Alsace with 
the Geyers until he was eighteen, attending the public school, where he learned 
both French and German. He gave the most attention, however, to the latter, 
as was natural with his German parentage. The country then was under the 
French government as it had been for 200 years, but it has now passed to Ger- 
many. In 1849 the youth came to America, and located first in Buffalo and 
then in Batavia, N. Y. He learned shoemaking before he left Alsace, having 
begun when he was only twelve years old, and this was his occupation in Amer- 
ica also, except for a brief period spent on a farm. In 1852 he went by canal to 
Pittsburg, Pa., where he stayed one month working at his trade, and then for a 
like period he was in Zanesville, Ohio, whence by way of the lakes he went 
to Kenosha, and for six years after his arrival worked at his trade. At the end 
of that time, in 1858, he opened his own boot and shoe store, and has con- 
ductefl it ever since. He has always had a large patronage, and has accumu- 
lated a large property, being one of the well-to-do men of Kenosha. 

On May 11, 1854, Mr. Huck was married to Miss Mary Anna Tetard, 
daughter of George Tetard. There were nine children born to this union, 
viz.: (i) Josephine, who married W'illiam Hammond, lives in Canon City. 
Colo., and has three children. Albert, Paul and Katie; (2) George J., employed 
by the Simmons ^lanufacturing Company, married Miss Maggie Berry and 
has four children, Eugene, Mabel. A'iola and Alvina; (3) Mathias P. lives in 
San Francisco, Cal. ; (4) Oscar P.. a manufacturer of show-cases in Ouincy. 
111., married Miss Edith Bierga and has five children, Richard antl Paul 


(twins), Margaret, Marsellis and Ralph; (5) Frances married M. P. Schmitz, 
a clothing merchant of Kenosha, to whom she has borne two sons, Arthur and 
Earl; (6) Albert married Julia Harrington and has two children, Ethel and 
Clarence; (7) Eugene married Miss Maggie Smith; (8) Ida is Mrs. Charles 
Johnson, of Kenosha; and (9) Laura is Mrs. Walter Johnson. Mrs. Mary A. 
Huck passed away Jan. 7, 1899, aged sixty-one, a Catholic, as is also her hus- 
band. She was born in New Jersey, but her parents were natives of Alsace- 
Lorraine. They were among the first settlers in Kenosha, where the father fol- 
lowed his trade of cabinetmaking. There were six children, of whom tliose 
now living are: George; Elizabeth, Mrs. John Piel; and Josephine, Mrs. 
Anthony Piel. 

Mathias Huck has usually been identified with the Democratic party, but 
in local issues he generallv votes for the Ijest man. He has been somewhat 
prominent in municipal politics and was alderman from the 2d ward, which 
since the readjustment of the city has lieen the 7th ward. He was also a mem- 
ber of the school board. In church affairs he is actively interested still, and was 
formerly president of St. George's Society, and for ten years a trustee of the 
church. He resides in his old home at No. 377 Orange street, which he built 
in 1856, and in which all his children were born. 

JOHN F. MOYLE was for many years widely known through Racine 
county as an architect and builder, but since 1897 he has given almost his en- 
tire attention to the Yorkville and Mount Pleasant Farmers Mutual Insurance 
Company, of which he is secretary. He is of Cornish descent on both sides, was 
himself born in Cornwall, England, June 23, 1841, and is the son of Thomas 
and Susan fFoxwell) Movie. 

For several generations the male members of the INIovle family have Ijeen 
veterinary surgeons, having given ten to that profession. The paternal grand- 
father, John Moyle, followed that occupation all his life in Cornwall. He died 
there when seventy years of age. the father of a large familv, of whom 

Thomas Moyle, father of John F., adopted his father's profession. He 
emigrated from his native land to America, landing at Southport (now Keno- 
sha), Wis., whither he had come by way of the Great Lakes, in May, 1842. 
Proceeding to Yorkville township, he settled there and bought three acres of 
land where the village of Yorkville now stands, and put up the first frame house 
in that section of the country. Later he bought more land, until he owned 200 
acres in Yorkville and Raymond townships. His children were all brought up 
to a thorough knowledge of farming, and really carried on the work of the 
place, though the father supervised everything while giving his main attention 
to his profession. In those early days a physician was rarely found on the fron- 
tier, and for some time Mr. Moyle acted also as a family doctor. He was pub- 
lic-spirited and a man of good education, so that he naturally became one of the 
leading and influential men of the region, and was often called upon to admin- 
ister the estates of deceased friends. He also held various public offices, such 
as assessor, clerk and treasurer, doing much to promote the best interests of 
the township. He died on the old homestead Nov. 23, 1868. when fifty-six 
years old. His wife was Susan Fnxwell, who survived him until Jan. 10. 1876. 
when she passed away aged sixty-nine years. Butli were Methodists in their 


religious belief, and charter members of the church at Vorkville, of which Mr. 
Moyle was for years a lay-preacher. They were the parents of four children, 
namely: John F. ; Mary, deceased wife of Thomas Price, of Chicago; William, 
a Methodist minister of the Wisconsin Conference; and Thomas F., a veteri- 
nary surgeon of Waterford, Wisconsin. 

Mrs. Susan (Foxwell) Moyle, wife of Thomas Moyle, was the daughter 
of William and Ann (Harris) Foxwell. The father, a native of Cornwall, was 
a great student and a country gentleman, the owner of quite an estate. He 
died at about the age of si.xty, and his widow came to America, where she died 
in her eightieth year, in the home of her son-in-law, Thomas Moyle. 

John F. Moyle, whose sixty-five years have been passed entirely in Ynrk- 
ville save the earliest period in his childhood, is one of the oldest continuous 
residents af Racine county. He was educated in the district schools and also 
studied music, having much natural talent in that line. For a number of years 
he taught singing schools, and has always been fond of music in any form. 
Until he was nineteen he worked on his father's farm, and then decided to be- 
come a carpenter and builder. He followed that trade with unusual success 
for thirty-seven years, but for the last nine practically his whole attention has 
been er rossed by his duties in township offices, and as secretary of the York- 
ville & Mount Pleasant Farmers Mutual Insurance Company, of which Mr. 
Moyle has made an efficient secretary. 

Mr. Moyle early in his career adopted the principles of the Prohibition 
party. He has always been rather active in local affairs, as he is both inter- 
ested in political issues and an.xious to further the welfare of the section in 
which he lives. Both his ability and integrity of purpose are appreciated by his 
fellowmen, and lie has held various offices of trust and responsibility in his 

On June 23, 1864, Mr. Moyle was married to Susan M. Foxwell, daughter 
of John and Lucy P. Foxwell and to them were born ten children, two of whom 
died in their infancy, and two before they had reached maturity. Of the re- 
maining six, three have been successful school teachers and well known in edu- 
cational circles, and the oldest son, Walter, proprietor of the Wisconsin Nur- 
series, is well known throughout the State as a prominent horticulturist. Mrs. 
Moyle died on April 13, 1904, in the sixty-first year of her age. 

CHARLES HENRY LEE, a prominent member of the Racine County 
Bar, and engaged in business as a dealer in investment securities in the city of 
Racine, is a native of that city, born Aug. 22, 1847. He is the only living child 
of his parents, Alanson Henry and Permelia ( Gaylord ) Lee, the former a na- 
tive of Connecticut and the latter of New York. 

Brewster Lee. the grandfather, was a native of Connecticut, and was de- 
scended, it is said, from a family of Lees, who settled in New Hampshire m 
1670. Brewster Lee died aged eighty years. He was a farmer in young man- 
hood, and served in the Connecticut State Militia. He and his wife, whose 
maiden name was Downer, had five children. 

Alanson Henry Lee was reared in Connecticut, where he remained until 
perhaps twenty years of age. He then removed to New York, whence he came, 
in 1840 to Racine, Wis., being the pioneer general merchant when the country 

ii6 comme:\iorative biographical record. 

trade reached over a radius of fifty or sixty miles, and when there was no pier 
or harbor at that place. He died m 1861, aged fifty-one years. His first wife 
passed away in 1853, aged thirty-six. She was a Methodist, and Wr. Lee at- 
tended the same church. He married about 1856 his first wife's sister, Sarah 
M. Gaylord, an Episcopalian by faith. 

Charles Henry Lee was reared in Racine, where he attended the public 
and high schools. After graduating from the latter he engaged in clerical 
work, studied law in Racine, and then entered the Albany Law School, Albany, 
N. v.. being admitted to the Bar in 1869. He became managing clerk for Ful- 
ler & Dwyer, the leading law firm of Racine, remaining with them two years, 
at the end of which time he formed a partnership with John T. Fish, the firm 
laeing known as Fish & Lee, which connection continued until abovit 1878. Mr. 
Lee then engaged with J. I. Case & Co., afterward incorporated as the J. I. 
Case Threshing Machine Company, being with this firm until 1897, part of the 
time as treasurer and all of the time as attorney. In 1897 he went to Europe 
in the interests of this company, visiting Belgium, Austria, Hungary, Rou- 
mania and Russia, where the company had previously established trade. Since 
returning from this trip IMr. Lee has lived retired, but still looks after trust- 

Mr. Lee was married, Aug. 25, 1881, to Miss Emily A. Kelley, daughter 
of James H. and Emily C. Kelley. Mrs. Lee is a member of the Presbyterian 
Church, which her husband also attends. Politically he is a Democrat, but dur- 
ing the elections of 1896 and 1900 he cast hjs vote for President McKinley. 
In 1873-74 Mr. Lee was district attorney of Racine county, and at present is 
United States referee in bankruptcy for the counties of Racine, Kenosha and 
Walworth. Mr. Lee's fine residence is situated at No. 1202 Main street. He 
is treasurer of the Taylor Orphan Asylum, a position he has held, as well as 
being a member of the board, for twenty-one years. He has been president of 
the Racine Public Library since its organization in 1896. He is also president 
of the Chicago Rubber Clothing' Company, and was for some years a director 
in the Manufacturers National Bank of Racine. 

HON. WALTER L. DEXTER, formerly sheriff of Kenosha county. 
Wis., is a highly esteemed citizen and extensive farmer of Pleasant Prairie 
township, residing in Section 34, and has 2093/2 acres of well improved land. 
He was born on this farm Dec. 19, 1842, a son of John Jackson and Sarah 
(Love joy) Dexter. 

The paternal grandfather. John Dexter, was Ixirn in Connecticut and 
moved from there to Herkimer county, N. Y., then to Chautauqua county, 
same State, and from tliere in 1837 to Wisconsin, where he took up thirteen 
tracts of land of eighty acres each. He died in January, 1862, in the house in 
Pleasant Prairie township where Walter L. Dexter now lives, aged eighty 
years. He married Sophia Winsor, who lived to be ninety years old. He 
took part in the war of 1812, and his father Samuel Dexter, who was born in 
Connecticut in 1758, was a Revolutionary soldier in the 4th Connecticut Regi- 
ment under Col. John Durkin. Samuel Dexter was a farmer for many years 
in Herkimer county, N. Y. He married Candace Winsor, and died in 1831, 
aged seventy-three years. 


John JacksDii Dexter was born in 1816 in Chautauqua county, X. \'., and 
his wife was a native of Fredonia, N. Y. Her father, Abijah Lovejoy, was 
born in Vermont, and was one of the earhest pioneers of Lake county, 111. 
He reared four sons and three daughters. John J. Dexter owned a mill prop- 
erty in JamCyStown, N. Y., and the village of Dexterville, near there, was 
named in his honor. He came to \Visconsin in 1837 and with his father was an 
early settler in Pleasant Prairie township. He died here Jan. i, 1845, ^t the 
early age of twenty-nine years. Walter L. was his only child. His wife sur- 
vived until 1877, after his death marrying J. C. Dowse, by whom she had one 
son, Byron C. Dowse, a well-known citizen. 

Walter L. Dexter has passed all his life on his present farm with the ex- 
ception of the two years during which he served as sherifif of Kenosha county. 
His education was obtained in the district schools and at Kenosha. At the 
death of his grandfather, he received 673^ acres of his present property, and 
his father left him 211 acres, of which the grandfather, as guardian, sold 131 
acres. Later the son bought eighty acres more of the estate. This is all well- 
tilled, valuable land, being a fine property. Although public responsibilities 
have claimed a share of Mr. Dexter's attention, his main interest has always 
been in the line of agriculture. The fine improvements on his property add 
to its value as well as to its attractiveness. 

Mr. Dexter was married June 15, i860, to Catherine Johnson, daughter 
of Charles and Bridget (Skivinton) Johnson, and they had six children: Will- 
iam Henry. Charles Jackson, Jennie S., Mary L., Walter S. and Flora B. 
The eldest son who is in the butter and cream business in Chicago, was mar- 
ried to Marianna Whyte Sept. 26, 1894, and they have three sons: Howard 
William, born July 26, 1895; Walter Earl, born Feb. 20, 1898, and Robert 
Whyte, born April 29. 1902. Charles J. lives at home, as do also Jennie S., 
Walter S., and Flora B. Mary L. married E. C. Dewey, of Kenosha, and they 
have two' children, Perdita Irene and Persis Vivian. The beloved mother of 
this family died Oct. 2, 1899, aged fifty-seven years. She was a devoted 

Mr. Dexter is an active and influential meml^er of the Democratic party 
and in the fall of 1882 he was elected sheriff of Kenosha county, servhig one 
term. Prior to this, in 1877, he was elected to the Wisconsin State Assembly, 
and served with credit. He has filled many of the local offices, serving through 
several terms as chairman of the board of supervisors, and for three years was 
town treasurer. In all these public positions Mr. Dexter has borne himself 
well, giving his attention to his duties with a fidelity not always displayed. He 
is a much esteemed citizen, and is a popular member of Kenosha Lodge. No. 
47, A. F. & A. M., and of the Modern Woodmen of America. 

The parents of the late Mrs. Dexter were born in Ireland and came to 
America in 1847, coming to Kenosha county and settling in Pleasant Prairie 
township. The father died in 1888, when about eighty years of age; the mother 
died in 1892. The family consisted of three sons and four daughters, all of 
whom have passed away. 

H. GENE DARDIS. a prominent and influential business man of Bur- 
lington, Wis., is president of the Home Lumber Company. Mr. Dardis was 


born Jan. i. 1855, in Kenosha, Wis., and he is a son of James and Anna 
(Powderly) Dardis, natives of Dubhn, Ireland. 

James M. Dardis. the paternal grandfather, a linen weaver, died in Ire- 
land, aged about ninety years. He had seven daughters and one son. Hugh 
Powderly, our subject's maternal grandfather, was also a native of Ireland, 
where he died, ha\-ing reached the remarkable age of one hundred years. His 
wife, Ann (Leonard) Powderly, bore him three daughters and four sons. 

James Dardis was a horse jockey in his native country. He came to Amer- 
ica in 1853, locating in New York, and in the following year settled in Keno- 
.sha. Wis. In 1855 he purchased a farm in the town of Dover, Racine county, 
where he remained until 1866, in which year he moved back to Kenosha coun- 
ty, settling in the town of Brighton, following farming in that township for 
twenty-three years. From there he removed to near Delavan, and there spent 
a numiier of years. His death occurred while he was living with his daughter, 
Mrs. Thayer, at Corliss, in January, 1905, aged eighty-four years. His wife 
passed away in January, 1882, aged about fifty-eight years. Ten children 
were born to Mr. and Mrs. Dardis : Maria, wife of J. O. Esmond, of Union 
Grove; Anna, wife of Isaac Bowers of Delavan, Wis.; Eugene and James, 
twins, the latter of whom resides at Corliss ; Susie, wife of George Thayer, of 
Corliss; Henry, who died Dec. 14, 1895; William, of Clinton Junction, W^is. ; 
Miss Ella, of Janesville; Lydia, the wife of J. E. Hennessey of Janesville; and 
Ben L.. of Rockford, Illinois. 

H. Gene Dardis was reared in Racine and Kenosha counties, and, with the 
exception of ten years spent in Antioch, 111., has spent his whole life in those 
counties. He attended the district schools, and when sixteen years of age 
started to learn the carpenter and wheelwright's trades, which he continued 
to follow for the next sixteen years. He then became manager of the Wilbur 
Lumber Company, at Antioch, 111., and was with this company six years, at 
the end of which time they sold out. Mr. Dardis then located in Burlington, 
\V\s., and managed a yard there for five years, at the end of which time he 
embarked in a business of his own, establishing the Home Lumber Company, 
of which he is president, and his son, Donald W., is treasurer. 

On Feb. 14, 1879, Mr. Dardis married Miss Anna Smith, daughter of 
William and Marv (Welch) Smith, and four children were born to this union; 
Donald W.. Elsie C, Mary L., and Howard, the last named dying in infancy. 
The family home on Chandlers boulevard, was erected by Mr. Dardis in 189S. 
Mr. and Mrs. Dardis are members of the Plymouth Congregational Church, 
of which he is a trustee. He belongs to Burlington Lodge, No. 128, F. & A. 
M.. and to the Odd Fellows fraternity. Politically he is a Republican, and 
while at Antioch served as school clerk and on the building committee which 
erected a new school house there. He was also a member of the school board 
of Burlington, and a member of the committee which erected the Burlington 
high school building. 

MORTIMER EUGENE W^\LKER, of Racine, Wis., a member of the 
well-known law firm of Simmons, Nelson & W^alker, was torn in the town of 
Mt. Pleasant, Racine Co., Wis., June 25. T872. son of Robert TM. and Minerva 
(Secor) Walker, natives of Vermont and New York, respectively. 


Nelson A. Walker, the grandfather of Mortimer Eugene, was a native 
of Vermont, and was an early settler of Racine county, having made the jour- 
ney from his native State on foot. He at one time owned a farm on the pres- 
ent site of Racine, which was known as "Sagetown," and there he lived for 
many years. Two or three years prior to his death he went to Chicago, where 
he died at an advanced age. His wife, Lucinda (Taggart) Walker, died aged 
about sixty-five years, leaving four children. 

Robert M. Walker came to Wisconsin with his parents when a child, and 
grew to manhood in the vicinity of Racine, remaining at home until after his 
marriage. Since that time he has followed farming on his own account, own- 
ing an excellent farm of 120 acres, three-quarters of a mile west of the city 
limits. Mr. Walker served in the Civil war. being a private of Company K, 
8th Wis. V. I., known as the "Old Abe" regiment. After the war he resumed 
farming, and held various township offices. He married Minerva Secor, 
daughter of Gurdon Secor, a native of New York. Gurdon Secor"s mother was 
of Holland-Dutch and his father of French descent. Gurdon Secor was a 
merchant in the East and came West at an early day. settling in Mt. Pleasant 
township, where he improved a farm and reared his family of eight children. 
He and his wife, Jane Stuart, lived to an advanced age. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Robert M. Walker were born children as follows: Nelson A., of I\It. Pleasant 
township; Mortimer E., and Mabel E. 

Mortimer E. Walker has spent his entire life in Racine. He was brought 
up on his father's farm, and received his education in the district, private and 
Racine College grammar schools. He then entered the law department of the 
University of Wisconsin, at Madison, graduating in 1895, and was admitted 
to the Bar in the same year. He began practice in Racine, entering the offices 
of Cooper & Nelson, and later becoming a partner of the firm of Cooper, Sim- 
mons, Nelson & Walker, one of the leading law firms of Racine. 

Mr. Walker was married July 24, 1900, to Miss Florence Bull, daughter 
of Wakely T. and Caroline (Curtis) Bull, and to this union a daughter, Jane 
Stuart, has been born. Mrs. Walker is a member of the Episcopal Church. 

Fraternally ^Ir. Walker is connected with Racine Lodge. No. 18, F. & 
A. M., and No. 252. B. P. O. Elks, Racine. Politically he is a Republican, and 
was elected city attorney in 1902, an office he held four terms. ^Ir. Walker's 
residence is situated at No. 1228 Main street. 

LOUIS EDWARD KALTENBACH, D. D. S., is the son of the late 
Celestine Kaltenbach. of Grant county. Wis., who was a pioneer resident and a 
descendant of the distinguished Von Kaltenbach family of Baden-Baden. 

The father of the subject of our sketch settled in 1833 in Potosi, Wis., 
where he engaged in the general merchandise business. He was appointed 
postmaster under the ^'an Buren administration and served continuously until 
the time of his death, with the exception of ten years. He was, when he passed 
away, the oldest postmaster in time of service in the history of the L'nited 
States. He was closely identified with the early history of that section of coun- 
try in which he lived, his oldest daughter being the first white child born in 
Grant county. Dr. Kaltenbach's mother was educated in England and was a 
near relative of Anton Seidl, the famous musical director of New York. 


Dr. Kaltenhach is well educated, being a graduate of tlie luwa State Uni- 
versity. He applied himself earnestly and assiduously to the acquisition of the 
knowledge necessary to tit himself for his career as a practitioner, and shortly 
after his advent into the professional ranks became generally recognized as a 
leading dentist, which position he has easily maintained throughout his active 
career. In 1891 he opened an office in Kenosha, where his large acquaintance 
and professional skill soon won for him a large and lucrative practice. He is a 
man of studious habits, of great mechanical ability, broad culture and superior 
manipulative skill, all of which combine to make him a practitioner of pre- 
eminent ability. 

On July 2, 1901, he married !\Iiss Burnet Golden, daughter of Mrs. Car- 
rie Golden. ]\Irs. Kaltenbach's parents came originally from Virginia and are 
closely related to the Paynes and Swansons of that State. They moved to Mis- 
souri shortly after the Civil war. 

The Doctor is a member of the State Dental Society, of the Knights of 
Columbus, and of the B. P. O. E. He owns a fine residence at Xo. 617 Prairie 

FRANK WASHBURX STARBUCK, editor of the Jonnial and presi- 
dent of The Journal Printing Company, was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, Nov. 
8, 1845. His father, Calvin \\'. Starbuck. was a prominent newspaper man in 
that city and was the o\\;ner of the Cincinnati Times, which exercised consid- 
erable influence during the Civil war. 

Coming to Racine in search of health, in the year 1873. Frank W. Star- 
buck became interested in the Journal, at that time edited and owned by Col. 
\\''. L. Utley and his son Hamilton, and on the ist of January, 1874, purchased 
a half interest of the Colonel. A year later he bought the other half from Ham- 
ilton Utley, who remained with the Journal for quite a period, or until gold 
was discovered in the Black Hills, when Mr. Utley with a number of associ- 
ates left for the northern fields. After the departure of Hamilton Utley Mr. 
Starbuck assumed the editorial pen and has wielded it ever since, with but an 
interregnum of a few months in the year 1895. 

In 1875 Mr. Starbuck was united in marriage to ]\Iiss Mattie Raxmrmd. 
daughter of Seneca Raymond and a native of Racine. He has four living chil- 
dren, viz. : Helen, Marguerite, Genevieve and Frank. Helen, the eldest, is a 
daughter by his former marriage, to Miss Carrie Golden, of Cincinnati. 

The Journal has continuously been Republican in politics, but has ever 
retained the right to discuss public matters of interest in national. State or mu- 
nicipal affairs, from an unprejudiced standpoint. The paper has been very 
successful and influential under Mr. Starbuck's direction, and has kept pace 
with the growth of the city, from the first installment of steam power, in 1874, 
to the present time. 

The Daily Journal made its first appearance on Jan. 3, 1881, a modest 
four-page, si.x-column paper — its headquarters being above the Manufacturers 
National Bank. The Daily was a success from the start, and a demand for 
more room soon made necessary a removal to old Belle City Hall : again, in 
1891, the present building at No. 328 Main street was purchased, and refitted 
for a modern newspaper printing plant. 



In 1894 the daily was made an eight-page paper, and, with the installa- 
tion of a perfecting press, linotype machines and other additions to the ecjuip- 
ment, with continuous expansion of the editorial department (including a leased 
wire and Associated Press reports), the Journal to-day enjoys the distinction of 
being one of the best edited and printed papers in Wisconsin. Arrangements 
are now being made for the installation of a new double-deck press, capable of 
printing 20,000 eight-page or 10,000 sixteen-page papers per hour. In the 
mechanical departments of the office the periods of lay service are notable, a 
number having been employed from ten to fifteen years. The job department 
of the Journal has an equipment modern in every respect. 

In 1886 the Journal was incorporated, its present officials being: E. W. 
Starbuck, president; William Horlick, vice-president; Frank R. Starbuck, 
secretary, and E. A. Tostevin, treasurer. Its five directors are the four named, 
with the addition of David Griswold, the city editor. It is proper to say here 
that the treasurer, Mr. Tostevin, has been connected with the Journal continu- 
ously since 1887, and Mr. Grisw'old, since December, 1880. Eor the past six 
years Frank R. Starbuck has most efficiently served as its managing editor. 

GEORGE F. WALLMANN, a prominent business man of Waterford, 
Wis., was born in that village Dec. 2, i860, son of Frederick C. and Dorothea 
M. (Koehnke) Wallmann, natives of Germany, from the Province of Meck- 

Frederick C. Wallmann received his education in his native country, and 
there learned cabinetmaking. He came to America in August, 1854, and located 
at once in Waterford, Racine Co., Wis., where he was one of the first mer- 
chants, and where he followed his trade at the same time, doing carpentering 
and undertaking, and manufacturing furniture. He also traveled considerably, 
selling his goods on the road. But he gave this up because the conduct of his 
business requireil his constant personal supervision, for he had twelve men eui- 
ployed. Thus he continued until January, 1884, at which time he removed to 
Clinton Junction, being in business at the latter place for two years. He then 
removed to Mukwonago, where he now lives retired. When Mr. Wallmann 
arrived in Waterford he had a cash capital of thirty-four cents, so that he 
could hardly be accused of having been favored by fortune in his early life. 
He and his w-ife were originally Lutherans, but now adhere to the Methodist 
faith, Mr. Wallmann being the prime factor in establishing the German Meth- 
odist Church in Wtiterford. He is a member of Masonic Lodge Xo. 96, of 

•Mr. and Mrs. Frederick C. W^allmann were married in Milwaukee, .\pril 
5, 1857, having made the trip to that then villege in an ox-cart, the journey 
taking several days to accomplish. Mr. and Mrs. Wallmann had four chil- 
dren : Augusta A., who died when two years old: George F. ; Dora E., the 
widow of N. Lotz, of Mukw'onago, Wis. ; and Karl J., of Milwaukee. 

George F. Wallmann attended the public schools of Waterford, and when 
fourteen years of age entered his father's store. On Jan. i, 1884, he became 
his father's successor in the business, and he has continued therein to the pres- 
ent time, having been eminently successful. He carries on undertaking, and 
has a large stock of up-to-date house furnishings, stoves and furnaces, and his 


reputation for business honest)- and integrity has won him many customers. 
He has been intelligent as well as industrious in the prosecution of liis work, and 
has spared no pains to fit himself for the up-to-date conduct of his business. 
In September, 1884. he graduated from Prof. Clark's School of Embalming, 
being the first graduated embalmer in Racine county, and this incident is typi- 
cal of the man in all he attempts. For four and a half years he carried on a 
furniture and undertaking business at IMukwonago, but sold it on Jan. i, 1906. 
On Sept. II, 1883, Mr. Wallmann married Miss Caroline J- Trost, daugh- 
ter of John and Marie (Weidniann) Trost, and two daughters have been b<:)rn 
to this union : Esther Augusta, who married John F. Steinke, and Cora Irene, 
who is attending the high school. ;\Ir. and ]\Irs. Wallmann are members of the 
English M. E. Church. Fraternally he is connected with Rochester Lodge, 
No. 18, I. O. O. F., and W'aterford Camp. Xo. 3112, Modern Woodmen of 
America. Politically he is independent. 

Erdnian Trost, Mrs. Wallmann's grandfather, was born in 1801 in Noss- 
endorf, bei Gremmen, Germany. He married Dorathea Segerd, who was born 
in 1809 in Langfeld, bei Gremmen. and they had four children, Mary, Gustuf, 
Fredrick and John, the last named being now the only one of the family liv- 
ing. John Trost married Marie Weidniann, daughter of John and Sophia 
(Glove) Weidniann, both natives of Clabno, bei Gremmen, Germany, who had 
four children, John, Gustif, ^larie (^Irs. Trost) and Karl. Mr. and Mrs. 
Trost had children as follows: Herman W'., born in Kessgin Feb. 24, 1864, 
who now lives in W^aterford; Caroline J., born in Grischow Alay 26, 1866, 
now Mrs. W'allmann; William C, born in Grischow January 4, 1869. a mer- 
chant and undertaker of Mukwonago, Wis.; Karl L., born in Randow Jan. 
7. 1872, now of Milwaukee; and A. Henry, born Jan. 12. 1874, in East Troy, 
Wis., at present a stenographer in Chicago. 

JAMES MUTTER, a member of the board of public works of Racine, 
Wis., is one of the esteemed residents of that city. He was born in the County 
of Huntingdon, Canada, in what is now the town of Franklin (formerly James- 
town), Nov. 21, 1841, son of William andMary (Denham) Mutter, natives 
of Perthshire, Scotland. 

William Mutter died in 1870. aged si.xty-seven years, while his wife sur- 
vived until 1905, being then near her i02d birthday. We quote from an arti- 
cle which appeared Oct. 3, 1904, in the Racine Daily Journal, in regard to this 
remarkable old lady : 

"Mrs. Mutter, mother of James T^Iutter, of the board of public works, and 
widow of the late William Mutter, to-day celebrated her loist birthday, at her 
home. 1 410 Libertv street, in a very quiet manner, .\lthough having reached 
that remarkable age, Mrs. Mutter probablv has few equals in the State, or for 
that matter in the L'nited States. 

"She was born in Scotland, Oct. 3, 1803. In the year 1837 she removed 
to Huntingdon County, Canada, where her husband cleared away timber and 
cultivated a farm, making a success of it and is said to have been the first white 
man who ever made farming pay in that section. It was in the year 1866 that 
she and her husband came to Racine county and took up their residence in the 
town of Yorkville. where the husband died some years ago. There were nine 


children, of whom five are living. Mrs. Mutter has always been a great Bible 
student, and it is said that her equal does not live in Wisconsin for quotations 
from that Holy Book. As a Methodist recently said, 'She knows more about 
the Bible than'any minister living." She can tell about incidents of eighty or 
ninety years ago, and tells interesting stories about the battle of Waterloo. 

"Her eyesight has been failing of late years and her hearing is impaired 
but her memory and other faculties are unimpaired. There are no indications 
of childishness, and she goes to and from the table and can converse intelli- 
gentlv upon most subjects. She is tlie grandmother of Sheriff Robert Mutter." 
On Jan. 23, 1905, a few months after the above was written, the venerable 
lady died. The five children of William and Mary Mutter now living are : 
Annie, wife of D. W. Davis, of Chateaugay, N. Y. ; Margaret, the wife of Wil- 
liam Stuart, of Yorkville, Racine Co., Wis. ; Mary, the wife of W. H. Lang- 
ley, of Franksville, Racine county; James; and Agnes, the wife of Thomas 
Graham, of Decorah, Iowa. Mr. and Mrs. Mutter were both Presbyterians. 
He was a soldier in Canada during the French Rebellion, and served three 
years, but did no fighting. 

James Mutter grew to manhood in Canada, where he was reared on his 
father's farm. He attended the district schools, and lived at home with his 
parents until past fourteen years of age, when he started to work, finding em- 
ployment at various occupations until he was of age. In 1863 he located in 
Racine and ran stationary engines for a number of years, having acquired a 
knowledge of that business while on the lakes in Canada. He then for a time 
ran a planing-mill in Racine, which he sold out to go to California in 1870, 
there doing carpenter work. The same fall he returned to Racine and pur- 
chased a farm in Yorkville, which he worked for five years. He then returned 
to Racine and worked for the Winship Manufacturing Company for three 
years, after which he went into business on his own account, manufacturing 
tanks and selling windwills, pumps, etc., in partnership with J. H. Hodges, as 
a member of the firm of Hodges & Mutter. This partnership continued for 
three years, at the end of which time Mr. ISIutter sold his interest to Mr. 
Hodges and went to work for the Fish Brothers Wagon Company, being in 
their employ ten or eleven years. In 1892 he was appointed a member of the 
board of public works and served four years. He then did general contract- 
ing for a period of six years, and in 1902 was again appointed a member of the 
board, an office he still holds. 

On Nov. 3, 1864, Mr. Mutter married Miss Elizabeth Tostevin,. daughter 
of Matthew Tostevin. Mrs. Mutter is a member of the Episcopal Church. 
Fraternally Mr. Mutter is connected with Racine Lodge, No. 18, F. & A. M. 
Politically he is a stanch Republican. He owns a good home at No. 1410 Lib- 
erty street, which he built in 1881. 

JAMES H. GR.\Y. a hardware dealer of Bristol, Kenosha county, is one 
of the old settlers, as he has li\'ed in the conntv since he was three years old. 
He was born at Gilboa, Schoharie Co., N. Y.. May 2. 1845, ^ s^" "'*' ^^ iHiam 
and Catherine (Gray) Gray. 

\A^illiam Gray was a native of Irelanrl and his wife of Scotland. After 
coming to America he lived for some time in New York State, but in 1848 took 


his family West to Wisconsin and located in Paris township, Kenosha county, 
where he hought eighty acres. Pie added an equal amount thereto and culti- 
vated the whole farm, making his permanent residence thereon. He and his 
wife both died on the homestead, he in November, 1883, aged sixty-five, and 
she in 1887, aged seventy-five. In religious belief he was an Episcopalian, and 
h:s wife was a Presbyterian. They had three sons and one daughter, Susan 
Gray ( of Bristol) and James H. being the only ones living. 

James H. Gray grew up on his father's farm and received his education 
in the district schools. He remained at home until during the Civil war, when 
he enlisted. Jan. i, 1864, in Company E, ist W. V. I., and served till the end of 
the war. in June, 1865. He was in the battles of Resaca, Kenesaw Mountain and 
Dallas, and also took part in numerous skirmishes. After the struggle was 
over he went home and began farming again. He bought an interest in his 
father's place, but later rented it to the latter and spent four years in North 
Dakota, where he ran a livery "stable at Lisbon, the county seat of Ransom 
county. After his father died Mr. Gray returned to Wisconsin, bought out the 
other heirs of the old homestead, which he conducted himself till 1894, when he 
rented it. Five years later he sold that place, but he still owned farm property, 
as he has 160 acres near Grand Rapids, W'is. When Mr. Gray left his old 
home in 1894 he established himself in the village of Bristol as a hardware 
dealer and is still engaged in the successful management of that business. 

I\Ir. Gray was married in October, 1896, to the widow of iiis brother Alex- 
ander, whose maiden name was Maria Nelson. By her first marriage Mrs. 
Gray had four children, Herbert C, Elsie M., Blanche C. and Lois, while by 
her second union there have been three, Edith, Allen and Vernon. Mrs. Gray 
is a member of the Methodist Church. Her husband is a Mason, belonging 
to Washburn Lodge, No. 145, F. & A. M. Politically he is a Republican. Mr. 
Gray is a good business man and a good citizen, standing high in the esteem 
of his fellows. 

DARIUS J. MOREY, of the firm of D. J. Morey & Sons, real estate, 
loans and insurance, at Racine, Wis., stands very high in the business world of 
that city. He is a native of New York, born in St. LawTence county, at Mor- 
ristown. March 3, 1843, son of John T. and Catherine (Styles) Morey. 

The paternal grandfather of Mr. Morey, for whom he is named, was Dar- 
ius J. Morey, a native of Vermont. He was a carpenter and builder, and also, 
a designer or architect. In 1846 he came to Wisconsin, and he died at Racine 
in 1 85 1, at the age of seventy-four years. He was a soldier in the war of 1812. 
He married Marian Fowler, a relative of Dr. Fowler, the great phrenologist, 
and she died aged fifty-four years, the mother of five daughters and two sons. 
Tracing the family farther back, we find that two brothers of the name of 
Morey came from England in 1626 and settled in Massachusetts, where the 
spelling of the name became different in the two branches, one orthography 
being Mowry and the other Morey. 

The maternal grandfather of Mr. Morey, John Styles, was born in Eng- 
land, was a sergeant in the British army, and fought at Waterloo. After com- 
ing to America he continued to be a military man and served his adopted coun- 
try with distinction in the war of 181 2. Coming to Morristown, N. Y., by 


way of Montreal, Canada, he died in Morristown. at the unusal age of 105 
years. By trade he was a shoemaker. He married Catherine McDonald, who 
lived to the age of ninety-eight years, her death resulting from an accident. 
They had ten children. 

John T. Morey, father of Darius J., was a native of New York, married 
there and reared four sons and two daughters, the two survivors of this fam- 
ily being John T. and Darius J., both of Racine. By trade John T. Morey was a 
carpenter and house-builder. He came to Wisconsin in the spring of 1846, 
lantling first at Milwaukee, but soon came to Racine, where he followed his 
trade for some years and then went to Southport, where he lived for a time, 
returning subsequently to Racine. From there he removed to the Indian Land 
in Waupaca county, with the intention of engaging in farming, in the hope 
that such occupation would restore him to health, but the hopes of his family 
were not realized, and he died in December, 1856. His wife survived him un- 
til August, 1862, dying aged thirty-eight years. Both were Methodists in re- 

Darius J. Morey was three years old when he came to Wisconsin with his 
parents and he lived at Racine until 1851, when he accompanied them on their 
removal north. His school advantages were limited, as his opportunities in the 
northern part of the State were few on account of unsettled conditions and the 
sickness of his father. He was fourteen years old before he had much chance 
to attend even the winter sessions, and the summers were given over to hard 
work on the farm. His father was a man of deep religious feelings and was 
careful to instruct his children in the Bible. 

In 1861 Darius J. Morey returned to Racine and took one winter's in- 
stniction in the high school, having previously, through earnest efforts and 
self-denial, secured a certificate to teach. He was still prevented, however, 
from entering into the life he desired, as immediate necessities made him con- 
tinue at the carpenter's bench and on the farm. The death of his mother threw 
the whole burden of the support of the family on him, and for several years 
his responsibilities were heavy. 

On Aug. 22, 1863, Mr. Morey enlisted in the Union army, becoming a 
pri\ate in Company C, ist Wisconsin Heavy Artillery, in which he served with 
fidelity until the close of the war, participating in many of its most serious 
battles, including Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge. After ,his hon- 
oralile discharge he returned to Racine, and in order to fit himself for a com- 
mercial career attended a business college and became an accountant, follow- 
ing this line for a space of twenty-three years, almost all of the time with the 
Fish Brothers Wagon Company. He then bought an interest in the concern, 
but lost his investment through a decision of the Supreme court. He then be- 
came a salesman for the Racine Wagon & Carriage 'Company, and still later 
for the Fish Brothers Wagon Company, and a second time bought an interest 
in the business, which was operated under new management. 

Mr. Morey was elected a justice of the peace, having previously, with his 
other studies, gained a fair knowledge of law, and he served in that office for 
four years, in the meantime perfecting himself in real estate, loan, investment 
and insurance law. At the close of his term he engaged in the business men- 
tioned. In 1900 he associated his son Wallace S. with him, and in 1903 he ad- 


mitted his other son, F. Arthur, to partnership, the firm style being now D. J. 
Morey & Sons. They handle a large share of that kind of business in Racine, 
and throughout the State, Mr. Morey and his sons being thorough, wide- 
awake, practical men of business. 

On Dec. 17, 1868, Mr. Morey was married to Miss Viola S. Packard, 
daughter of Roswell and Susan (Bird) Packard, and they have three children, 
viz. : F. Arthur, Edith V. and Wallace S. The daughter is a popular Kinder- 
garten teacher. The eldest son married Alice E. Stephens, and they have two 
children, Marjorie J. and Donald J. Our subject and his wife are valued mem- 
bers of the First Congregational Church of Racine, of which he is a trustee. 
For six years he served as a member of the Racine board of education, and for 
one year was its president. 

Mr. Morey is a member of Gov. Harvey Post, G. A. R. For many years 
he has been connected with the Masonic fraternity, and has served in a numljer 
of the higher branches of the order in otftcial positions. His membership is 
with Belle City Lodge, No. 92, A. F. & A. M. ; Orient Chapter, No. 12, R. A. 
M. ; and Racine Commandery, K. T., No. 7. He was master of the blue lodge 
five years, high priest of the chapter three years, prelate of the commandery two 
years and generalissimo one year. Politically he is identified with the Repub- 
hcan party. 

Mr. Morey enjoys the solid comforts of a substantial home located at No. 
943 Superior street, Racine, which place he erected in 1883. He is liberal and 
loves his friends, but is strong in his likes and dislikes. He is very temperate, 
using neither tobacco nor strong drink. In a marked degree Mr. Morey is 
one of the self-made men of our day. Considering the conditions, obstacles, 
and disadvantages under which he has faced the battle of life — the poverty and 
privations he and his father's family endured during his childhood and early 
manhood — with the most meagre facilities for acquiring an education, bur- 
dened with the cares and responsibilities of maintaining the family left by the 
death of his father and mother — he is entitled to great credit for his courage 
and faithfulness, and for his burning desire to make the most of his meager 

MICHAEL NISEN, a successful manufacturer of LTnion Grove, is a 
native of Wisconsin, but of German ancestry in both paternal and maternal 
lines. He was born in Paris township, Kenosha county. Aug. 2, 1853, son of 
Herbert and Catherine (Daubin) Nisen, both natives of Germany. 

Herbert Nisen was left an orphan in early boyhood, and as he came to 
America before he was grown, all trace of the family is lost. He was a shoe- 
maker by trade, and after coming to America, in 1845, settled in Southport, 
now Kenosha. Wis., where he followed his trade for some years and then en- 
gaged in business until he moved to Brighton township, in 1864. There he was 
occupied in farming, owning 160 acres of land. He married Miss Catherine 
Daubin. and to them were born four children, viz. : William ; Margaret, de- 
ceased wife of Michael Daubin ; Michael ; and Herbert, of Racine. The father 
died in 1875. but the mother lived till Nov. 9. 1900. when she passed away, 
aged seventy-seven years. Both were members of the Catholic Church. 

The maternal grandfather of Michael Nisen was Tohn Daubin, who came 


from Germany to America aljout 1846 and settled in Southport with his son 
Michael. In the old country he had charge of a vineyard and made wine. He 
Hved to an advanced age, and was survived by his two sons and two daughters. 

Michael Nisen was reared in Kenosha from the age of three months until 
he was nearly eleven, and attended the public schools there. After the family 
moved to Brighton he continued in school till he was seventeen, ami then 
learned the blacksmith's trade, following it for twenty-two years. In 1893 he 
gave this up and entered upon his present business, the manufacture of drain 
tile. He has been prosperous, enlarging his plant until he now turns out three- 
quarters of a million tiles a year. 

Mr. Nisen's marriage took place Oct. 13, 1881, when he was united to 
Miss Sarah Barrows, daughter of Alvin and Esther (Bunce) Barrows. To them 
three children have been born. Earl M., Roy H. and Leo F. Mrs. Nisen is a 
member of the Congregational Church. Both Mr. and Mrs. Michael Nisen are 
interested in fraternal matters, and she belongs to the Royal Neighbors, while 
he is a member of the Modern Woodmen of America. Politically he is inde- 
pendent. They own a beautiful home, erected in 1894, on which Mr. Nisen 
himself did the work and proved himself thereby a skilled carpenter as well as 
efficient business man. 

The parents of Mrs. Nisen, Alvin and Esther Barrows, were both born in 
New York State. Of their eleven children, seven are now living, namely : 
Emma, wife of Samuel Bohanan, of Kenosha; Ella, Mrs. James Motley, of 
Union Grove; Eva, Mrs. Alfred Sumpter, of Dover township; Elmer, of York- 
ville township; Jennie, Mrs. Chester Hulett, of Yorkville township; Sarah, 
Mrs. Nisen ; and Alvin, of Kenosha. Mr. Barrows was a carpenter in early 
life, but later took to farming. He came to Wisconsin while quite young, grew 
up there in Mt. Pleasant township, and after his marriage moved to a farm in 
Yorkville township. In 1865 he left this place for another farm in the village 
of Union Grove and there reared his family. He was twice married. Mrs. 
Esther Barrows died at the age of forty-two, and some time after he took for 
his second wife a widow, Mrs. Clara (Moe) Conner, who survives him and 
resides in Union Grove. 

The paternal grandfather, Lapreliett Barrows, was also twice married 
and was the father of a large family, all by his first wife, Mary Jackson. For 
his second wife he married her sister, Eliza Jackson. He was an early settler 
in Kenosha county, and owned three farms in Somers township. He lived to a 
good old age. Mrs. Nisen's maternal grandfather was Abraham Bunce, a na- 
tive of Pennsylvania, of German descent. He came West in the early days, 
and settled on a farm near Union Grove, where he died when about eighty- 
seven years old. He and his wife had three daughters and one son. 

BERNARD BREHM, of the firm of B. Brehm & Sons, horse dealers of 
Burlington, Wis., and proprietors of the largest sales stables in Racine county, 
is also engaged in the draying and coal and w-ood business. He was born in 
Baden, Germany, May 9, 1845, son of Frank and Agnes (Ehenberg) Brehm, 
natives of Germany. 

The paternal grandfather of Bernard Brehm, Jacob Brehm, a wea\er. 
died in Germany, as did also his wife. On the maternal side, the grandfather 


was Christian Ehenberg, who was a baker and farmer. He died in Germany 
aged eighty-five years, while his wife, France Sauer, died aged seventy-five 
years. Erank Brehm was a weaver in his native country, and came to America 
in 1854. He followed various occupations, and died at the liome of his son, 
Bernard, in 1893, aged eighty-three years, his wife having passed away eight 
years previously, aged seventy-two. Both were members of the Catholic 
Church. Air. and Mrs. Frank Brehm had three children : Jacob, of Burling- 
ton; Anna, the wife of M. Beffel, of Racine; and Bernard, of Burlington. 

Bernard Brehm was but nine years old when he came to America with his 
parents. He received his first schooling in Germany and attended the public 
and parochial schools of Burlington. When thirteen years of age. he began 
shoemaking. working at that occupation about ten years, when, on account of 
failing health, he was obliged to give it up. In 1S68 he engaged in the draying 
business, in which he has continued ever since, and at the same time began buy- 
ing and selling horses. 

On Jan. 21, 1868, Mr. Brehm married Miss Margaret Griebel, daughter 
of Frank N. and Theresa (Bauman) Griebel, and to this union have been born 
twelve children, namely : Anna^ married Anton Zwiebel of Burlington, and 
has seven children — Rosella, Herbert. Arthur, Albert, Loraine, Elmer and 
Verona ; William F., who is in partnership with his father, married Emma 
Johnson, and they have four children — George. Frederick. Florence and Helen; 
Albert, who is also in partnership with his father, married Catherine Lehr- 
mann, and has one child. Herald: Emma; Theresa; Joseph; Frank; Laura; 
Lewis: Eda, was drowned aged seven years; and two died in infancy. 

Air. and Mrs. Brehm and family are members of the Catholic Church. 
He belongs to the St. Eustacius Society and was one of the original members, 
holding several offices in the same, as have also his sons, William F. and Albert. 
He also belongs to the Sacred Heart Society, which he joined Isefore his 
marriage, and to the Teutonic Society. Politically he is an independent Demo- 
crat, but cast his vote twice for AIcKinley, and also for Roosevelt. He and his 
sons are agents of the Standard Oil Company, Mr. Brehm having served as 
such for the past twenty years. He is a stockholder and vice president of the 
Burlington Blanket Company, and has many other business interests in the city. 

JOHN P. PEARCE (deceased) was for twenty-five years curator of 
Racine College, and its stanch and invaluable supporter and advocate when its 
future was insecure, as well as during its later period of prosperity. He was 
born in Hounslow, County of Middlesex, England, Nov. 19, 1846, son of John 
Pearce, also a native of that country. The father learned the manufacture of 
gunpowder in all its branches, and after emigrating to America acted for sev- 
eral years as superintendent of the Hazzard Powder Company, at Canton, 
Conn., having some interest in the company. There, in 1858. he was killed 
by an explosion, his wife having died three years before. They were the par- 
ents of four children (all deceased), and were memliers of the Episcopal 

John P. Pearce was but an infant when his parents Iirought him to Amer- 
ica, and after his father's death be located at Enfield, Conn., where he attenclefl 
the public schools, and later the Suffield Literary Institute. He was then a 



pupil at tlie W'esleyan Academy, spent a year in Eastman's Business College, 
and pursued the regular course at the Cheshire Military School, preparing for 
Trinity College at Hartford, Conn. After leaving the military school he 
learned the duties of the different junction and station agents of the then 
Hartford, Providence & Fishkill (now the New York & New England) rail- 
road. He became chief clerk and afterward was promoted to the position of 
paymaster of the entire system, which he held until he became secretary and 
treasurer of the St. Paul (Minn.) Lumber Company. He relinquished that 
position in 1875, ^""J- selling out his interests, joined' with certain New York 
and Maine parties, and through the counsel of Benjamin Butler gained the 
right of sluicing logs over the Holyoke dam, to their great manufacturing plant 
at Hartford, where they supplied spruce lumber for wholesale dealers. A few 
years later Mr. Pearce severed his connection with the firm, and in 1880 located 
in Racine. Wis., becoming curator of Racine College, an office which he filled 
until his resignation shortly before his death, on Oct. 3, 1905. 

Mr. Pearce had resigned his position because of needed rest, as he had 
not enjoyed a vacation for many years, and was considering the feasibility of 
entering again into business. At the time of his death his wife was in Ta- 
coma. Wash., visiting her sister, and Mr. Pearce was stopping at the "Hotel 
Racine." He was found dead, and partly dressed, on the floor of his room, 
on the morning of the date named, valvular heart disease being pronounced the 
cause of his death. 

As stated, Mr. Pearce had been curator of Racine College since 1880; he 
was also secretary of its board of trustees for five years, and altogether the 
value of his labors in behalf of the institution cannot be overestimated. He 
lived to be of material assistance in bringing the college through several crit- 
ical periods to such a substantial condition that it had an attendance of about 
170 pupils, with large, finely equipped buildings. Personally he owned valu- 
able mining interests in the Black Hills, British Columbia (Lardeau Valley) 
and San Juan, and was president of the Dunton Gold JMining Syndicate which 
had been organized with a capital of $100,000. He also owned considerable 
business and residence property in Racine. 

In 1874 John P. Pearce married Miss Elizabeth Hart Ely, daughter of 
Alfred and Mary (Bull) Ely, the former a native of Connecticut and the latter 
of Massachusetts. Mr. and Mrs. Pearce were the parents of one daughter, 
Elizabeth Brewster, the wife of First Lieutenant Edwin Bruce Flovd, now re- 
siding in Dixon, Illinois. 

Notwithstanding his energy, pertinacity and executive ability ]Mr. Pearce 
was a quiet man, of pleasing and naturally retiring manners. He was a strong 
member and active worker in the Episcopal Church, ideal in his domestic re- 
lations and absolutely honorable in all his dealings. His death was a heavy 
blow both to the college and the city. 

WILLIAM J. HARVEY, president of the Harvey Spring Company, No. 
1700 Phillips avenue, Racine, Wis., is one of that city's progressive and enter- 
prising business men. Mr. Harvey's birth occurred June 11, 1846, in Leeds, 
Yorkshire, England, son of Thomas and Jane (Payne) Harvey, the former a 
native of Guernsey, and the latter of Jersey. 

I30 com:\iemorative biographical record. 

John Harvey, the paternal grandfather of our subject, was a native of 
England, having been born in Cornwah, where he hved until a few years after 
his marriage, when he removed to Guernsey, where he died at the age of 
forty-five years. His wife, Elizabeth (Guille) Harvey, lived to the remarkable 
age of ninety-nine years, five months; she came of a family whose memt)ers 
were noted for their longevity, one daughter reaching the extreme age of one 
hundred and eleven years, dying April 4, 1903, while another passed away at 
the age of ninety years, and still another was eighty-nine at the time of her 
death. The maternal grandfather was Francis Payne, a native of Jersey. A 
justice of the peace, he .was known as Judge Payne, and he died in Jersey at an 
old age. He and his wife, who was a Miss Journeaux were the parents of 
thirteen children. 

Thomas Harvey was a merchant of Leeds, and came to the United States 
in 1849, locating in Racine, where he engaged in the planing-mill business for 
some years. Some years prior to his death he retired from active work, and 
lived so until his death in 1876, in his seventy-third year, his wife having passed 
away in i860 aged fifty-one years. Both were members of the Church of Eng- 
land. He was a member of the Guernsey militia. Mr. and Mrs. Harvey had 
four children: Elizabeth, deceased, who was the wife of James Bennett, of 
Portland, Ore.: Thomas F., deceased: Edward G., of Reiniblic, ^^'ash. : and 
William J., of Racine. 

William J. Harvey was but three years old when brought to America by 
his parents, who made the trip on the sailing vessel "The New World," the 
trip taking six weeks to accomplish. Mr. Harvey has been a resident of Ra- 
cine Co., Wis., ever since. He grew to manhood in the village of Thompson- 
ville, where he attended the public schools, and later Racine College. He 
started out in life on his own account by keeping a general store at Thompson- 
ville, where he remained in business twelve years. The next twelve years were 
spent in farming, and he then started to manufacture bolster springs for 
wagons, which business has since developed into the manufacture of all kinds 
of high-grade vehicle springs. A large factory is situated at No. 1700 Phillips 
avenue, where forty persons are employed, and the business, which was started 
by Mr. Harvey doing all the work himself, is constantly increasing. 

In 1 87 1 Mr. Harvey and Miss Catherine Schickel were united in mar- 
riage, she being the daughter of Joseph Schickel, and to this union have been 
born eight children : Jane, who died aged about three years : William, who 
has an interest in his father's business and is secretary and treasurer, and who 
married Jane Briggs; Richard, a lawyer of Racine; Edward, superintendent 
of the spring manufactory; Miss Harriet, a teacher; Elizabeth; Harold: and 
Ruth. William, Richard, Edward, Harriet and Elizabeth are graduates of the 
Lfniversity of Wisconsin. 

Mr. and Mrs. Harvey are members of the First M. E. Church of Racine; 
politically he is a Republican. He has been a member of the board of educa- 
tion for twelve years, and while in the country was clerk of the school board. 
He is a director of the First National Bank. ^Ir. Harvey makes his home at 
No. 1806 Washington avenue, where he has built a fine home, and he also owns 
other property in Racine. 

A few facts concerning Mrs. Margaret Ann Neve, the aunt of our sub- 
ject, will no doubt be of general interest to the public and to her descendants 


and relatives in particnlar. She was born in Guernsey Island, England, May 
18, 1792, and died on Saturday, April 4, 1903, lacking only forty-three days 
of being one hundred and eleven years old. She had enjoyed the remarkable 
experience of living in three centuries. When Mrs. Neve was born Turner 
had not begun to paint, nor Walter Scott to write. Since then what generations 
of poets, painters, musicians, statesmen, scientists have been born and died! 
With the advent of science the world has altered. Steam and electricity have 
spread a network over the earth and knit its uttermost parts together.' Mrs. 
Neve's father and motlier were married at the early age of nineteen years, on 
Dec. 20, 1790. They resided at LePollet, Guernsey, where Margaret Ann 
their eldest daughter was born and passed the morning of her life. Her father 
died Dec. 4, 1820, and she continued to reside with her widowed mother until 
Jan. 18, 1823, when she was married at the Town Church by the Rev. F. D. 
Durand, from Rouge Huis, to Mr. John Neve, of Tenterden, County Kent. 
After a quarter of a century of married life, Mrs. Neve, in 1849, became a 
widow, and returned to Rouge Huis to reside with her mother and sister. 

JAMES G. BALDWIN, who died March 13, 1906, was a resident of 
Racine for fifty-seven years, and was well known there. He was born May 26. 
1830, in the town of North East, fifteen miles from Erie, Pa., a son ©f Mark 
and Sophronia (Waugh) Baldwin. 

Mr. Baldwin's paternal grandfather died before James G. Baldwin was 
born, and nothing is now known of his history. He had three sons, two of 
whom were seafaring men who commanded vessels sailing between Liverpool, 
London, Glasgow and New York. The third son, Mark Baldwin, a native of 
Connecticut, spent most of his active business life in North East, Pa., where 
he conducted a mercantile concern. He held the office of county' judge there 
for thirty years, and also served as justice of the peace. Late in life he moved 
to White Plains, N. Y., where he died in 1856, at the age of sixty years. He 
married Miss Sophronia Waugh, who was also born in Connecticut, in the year 
1800. Her father was a life-long farmer there, but during the Revolution left 
his home to fight for the Colonies, being with Gen. Washington all through the 
war. He was the father of four daughters and one son, all now deceased. 
Mrs. Baldwin passed her last years in Racine and died there in 1900, being 
interred in the cemetery of that city. Both she and her husband were Presby- 
terians in their religious faith, and were active workers in the Church, Mr. 
Baldwin serving as deacon for many years. To Mark and Sophronia Baldwin 
were born five sons and two daughters, of whom James G. was the last sur- 

James G. Baldwin spent his boyhood in Erie county, Pa., living most of 
the time in the town of North East, where he attended the public schools. 
From there he was sent to college in Covington, Ky., and then began to make 
his own way in the world. He tried various occupations before .going West in 
1847. He located in Racine and remained there to the close of his life, a per- 
iod of fifty-nine years. After two or three years spent in other work lie took 
a position on the Racine, Mississippi & Western LTnion Railroad, now the St. 
Paul line. Beginning as switchman, he worked up to the place of station 
agent, and held that office for a long time, with intervals when he was ordered 


out as a special conductor. Aljout 1867 he left the railroad, and took a place 
as shipping clerk in the J. I. Case Plow Works, remaining in that capacity 
with the company until he retired from active work. 

On Sept. 22, 1853, occurred the marriage of James G. Baldwin and ISIiss 
Sarah E. Gidney, daughter of Isaac and Sarah (Purdy) Gidney. Four chil- 
dren were bom to them, Sarah, James, Cora and Carrie, the last two being 
twins. None are now Cora married William C. Dow, of Racine, to 
whom she bore one son, DeWilton B. Mrs. Sarah E. Baldwin resides in Ra- 
cine. Her parents were natives of Orange county, N. Y. She was one of a 
family of seven children, of whom the following are living besides herself : 
Mary, widow of Richard Downing, of Yonkers, X. Y. ; Jacob Gidney, of Xew- 
burgh, N. Y. ; Fannie, Mrs. Robert Snyder, of St. Andrew, Orange Co., N. Y. ; 
Lovina, widow of Abraham Snyder, of St. Andrew ; and Phoebe, Mrs. ^Miller, 
of Orange county. New York. 

James G. Baldwin had always been a patriotic and public-spirited citizen, 
and served as justice of the peace for one term. For many years a strong Re- 
publican, he was of late independent, voting for the best man in every case. 
He was a member of no church, but attended the Presbyterian, to which his 
wife belongs. Throughout his long residence in Racine he gained for himself 
a secure place in the respect and esteem of the community. 

CAPT. THEODORE LANE, a retired lake captain, now makes his resi- 
dence in Racine. Wis., living at 1239 North Michigan street. Captain Lane is 
the third earliest settler of this city now living, and was born in Dearlxirn- 
ville, Mich., Sept. 3, 1835, son of Samuel and Julia Ann (Piatt) Lane, natives 
of New York State. 

Hankinson Lane, the grandfather of our subject, was also a native of New 
York State, of Mohawk-Dutch descent. He followed farming and inn-keep- 
ing, and at one time was a slave owner, but freed his slaves before his death. 
He had a family of eighteen children, twelve boys and six girls. 

Samuel Lane was a shoemaker by trade, and went to Michigan in 1833. 
where he pre-empted 400 acres of land near Dearbornville, upon which he lived 
two years. He left this land at this time on account of the climate not agree- 
ing with his health, and driving around Lake Michigan, came to Racine, Wis., 
where he lived until 1862, when he returned to Michigan, settling in South 
Haven, where his son Samuel was located. There he died in 1865, aged sixty- 
seven years, his wife having passed away in 1850, aged thirty-nine years. She 
was an ardent Methodist, while he was inclined to the Universalist faith. Mrs. 
Lane's father was a native of Connecticut, of Scotch descent, and was a shoe- 
maker by trade. From his nati\e State he removed to New York, where he 
died at an advanced age. Samuel Lane carried the stakes at the time DeWitt 
Clinton surveyed the Erie Canal. Of his ten children but two are now living : 
Capt. Theodore; and Samuel, of Lake Harbor, Michigan. 

Captain Theodore Lane was only nine months old when his parents 
brought him to Racine, and there are only two other persons now living in the 
city who were earlier residents there than he, they being Stephen Sage and I\Irs. 
Hulett. When a boy he attended the schools and helped his father at shoe- 
making. He began sailing the lakes when fourteen years old, and. with the 


exception of the time lie spent in the army, followed the lakes continually until 
1894. His first trip was made in 1849, o''^ f^^ schooner "Pilot," from Mani- 
towoc to Racine, Captain William Hoag being his captain. He continued sail- 
ing' until 1855, and in August of that year was given command of the schooner 
"Pacific," owned by Thomas Richmond. The vessel carried 5,500 bushels of 
grain, and Captain Lane was the youngest captain to have taken a load of 
grain from Chicago to Buffalo, being less than twenty years old at the time. 
At the outbreak of the Civil war he enlisted in Company A, 22d Wis. V. 1., 
Col. Utley, and served from August. 1862, until May, 1864, when he was 
seriouslv wounded, at the battle of Resaca, losing his left eye. He has the 
bullet, which was taken out in nine pieces. A comrade, Frank Underbill, 
picked up the Captain's eye, and threw it at a Confederate soldier. Capt. Lane 
was mustered out in 1864, being honorably discharged at Jefferson Barracks, 
Mo. Among the important battles in which Captain Lane participated were: 
Lookout Mountain, Chickamauga, Stone River and Buzzard's Roost. He 
served under Generals Hooker and Butterfield, the latter being his division 
commander. The last person to whom he spoke before he was wounded was 
Colonel John Coburn, who was commanding the brigade at the time, whose 
home is now in Indianapolis, and wdio afterward was brevetted brigadier gen- 
eral. During one engagement he was captured and suffered confinement in 
Libby Prison. After returning from the war. Captain Lane took up sailing, 
and continued, as before stated, until 1894. 

Captain Lane was married Jan. 9, 1854, to Miss Caroline ]\Ielissa Blish. 
daughter of Harvey and Phoebe (Worden) Blish, and six children have been 
born to this union : One daughter who died in infancy ; Ella Celia, who married 
Charles Colviji, has three children, Theodore, Bryon. and Leafy, and lives in 
Wonewoc, Wis. ; Edwin Curtis, a resident of Racine, who was at one time a 
vessel captain, but is now teaming, and who married Sarah Roberts, by whom 
he has had six children, Edwin. Harry Oliver, Sadie, Franklin, Ella and Clar- 
ence : Theodore ^larcus, foreman of the Stowell Manufacturing Company, of 
South Milwaukee, who married Ella Lonsford, and has two children, Caroline 
Margaret and Vernon ; Samuel Oliver, deceased, who married Geneva Rosen- 
baum, and had one daughter, Celia Eliza; and Julia, who died aged nine 

Mrs. Lane was born in St. Lawrence Co., N. Y., Jan. 16, 1837. and mar- 
ried the Captain when not quite seventeen years of age. She and her hus- 
band have lived together for over fifty years, and they are among Racine's most 
highly esteemed citizens. Mrs. Lane's father, Harvey Blish, was born in Ver- 
mont, and his wife in St. Lawrence Co., N. Y. They had a family of ten chil- 
dren, and of these Harvey, of Racine, and Mrs. Lane are the only ones living. 
In young manhood Harvey Blish worked in a paper mill, but after his marriage 
went to farming. He came to Wisconsin in 1842, and located in Racine, later 
removing to Wonewoc, Juneau county, where he died in 1861, aged over sixty- 
three years. His wife survived him until 1896, when she died at the ripe old 
age of ninety-four. In their religious faith they were Presbyterians. Airs. 
Lane's grandfather was a soldier of the War of 1812. 

Captain and Mrs. Lane are Methodists. Politically the Captain is a Re- 
publican, and he cast his first presidential vote for John C. Fremont, and the 


next for Abraham Lincoln, since which time he has voted the Repubhcan ticket. 
He belongs to Governor Harvey Post, Xo. 17, G. A. R., and his reminiscences 
of army days are interesting and instructive. 

HIRAM JOSEPH SMITH, postmaster of Racine. Wis., and one of that 
city's successful business men, is engaged extensively in the jewelry and music 
business. He was born Feb. 6, 1846, in Boonville, X. Y., son of Paxson and 
Mabel (Peacock) Smith, natives of Pennsylvania and Xew York respectively. 

Jonas Smith, the paternal grandfather of our subject, was a native of 
Pennsylvania, and was of Quaker stock. He was a blacksmith by trade, and 
came West to Sheboygan county. Wis., in 1846, where he followed farming. 
His wife. Deborah ( Smith) Smith, lived to an advanced age. and at her death 
left a large family of children. The maternal grandfather of Hiram J. Smith, 
Joseph Peacock, was a native of England, and settled at Lowville. X\ Y.. about 
1800. He was a farmer by occupation and died in middle life, leaving thirteen 

Paxson Smith was engaged in the manufacture of woolen goods in Low- 
ville. and came west in 1848. locating in Sheboygan county. Wis., where he 
followed fanning. From there he remo\ed to Fond du Lac, where he again 
engaged in the woolen business, and continued therein until 1861. In October 
of that year he enlisted in Company A, i8th Wis. Y. I., and died June 18. 1862, 
at Corinth. Miss., of disease contracted during service. He participated in all 
of the battles of his regiment up to that time, including Shiloh. At the time 
of his death Mr. Smith was fort3'-seven years old. His widow survived him 
until February. 1899, being seventy-nine years old at the time of her death. 
Both she and her husband were Quakers. They had these children : William 
Edgar, who died at Xorway. ^lich. ; Hiram J. : Abi, the wife of E. D. Coxe, 
of Chicago; Albert Eugene, of ^Milwaukee; Judson H.. of Minneapolis. Minn. ; 
and Charles Henry, who died at Sterling. 111., aged twenty-one years. 

Hiram Joseph Smith was but a boy when his parents moved to Fond du 
Lac. where he was reared and where he attended the public schools. He learned 
the printer's trade which he followed for three years, worked on the Fond du 
Lac CoiiimonzLcaltli for two years, and then on the Milwaukee Sentinel for 
nearly a year. In May. 1864. he enlisted in Company I. 39th Wis. V. L, and 
served the term of his enlistment, being discharged in September. 1864. His 
regiment was one of those that resisted Forrest's raid on ■Memphis. Tenn. After 
his discharge he again engaged in work on the Fond du Lac Conunonwcalih, 
until March. 1865. when he came to Racine as as employe of the American 
Express Company, remaining with that company until 1872. when, with John 
Elkins. he engaged in the jewelni- and music business, in which he still con- 

On Dec. 28. 1870. Mr. Smith married Miss Xancy Maria Elkins. daughter 
of John and Maria (Putnam) Elkins. early settlers of Wisconsin, who located 
in Kenosha in 1842 or 1843. Mrs. Smith died Feb. 2. 1901. in the faith of the 
Episcopal Church. On Oct. 6. 1904. Mr. Smith married (second) Flora 
Buchan Packard, daughter of Edwin and Mary (Rennie) Buchan, of Union 
Grove, Wis. Mr. Smith belongs to Racine Lodge. Xo. 18. A. F. &- A. M.. and 
Racine Lodge, X'o. 32. Knights of Pythias; he also belongs to Governor Har- 


vey Post Xo. 17, G. A. R. He has been treasurer of the Business ]\Ien's Asso- 
ciation since its organization, and is a member of the Heyer Whist Club. Mr. 
Smith has a number of business interests and is a director of the Commercial 

Politically. Mr. Smith is a Republican, and served as postmaster under 
President Harrison, and was again appointed by President Roosevelt. In the 
Racine postofhce there are twenty-four carriers and twenty-six clerks. Mr. 
Smith has been a member of the school board for some time, and has been its 
president. His residence is located at No. 610 Main street. Mr. Smith was 
at one time a member of the Republican State Central Committee and has been 
a delegate to a number of State and Congressional Conventions. He has been 
prominent in Grand Army circles since the war, and a delegate to State and 
National Encampments. He was Senior Vice Commander of the Department 
of Wisconsin, and a member of the Executive Committee of the National Coun- 
cil of Administration of the Grand Army of the Republic. 

Mr. Smith has been greatly interested in the improvement of Racine, and 
was one of the principal promoters of the building of the hotel "Racine," of 
which he is one of the owners. He has always been active in promoting busi- 
ness, educational and religious interests in his home city, and is justly con- 
sidered one of Wisconsin's representative men. 

EDWARD DE^^■ITT PERKINS, a prominent man of Burlington, was 
born in that city Feb. 5, 1853. son of Pliny yi. and Ellen A. (Conkey) Perkins. 

Ephraim Perkins, the paternal grandfather, was born July 5, 1773. at 
Becket, Mass., and Lucy (Merrick) Perkins, his wife, was born at Windham, 
Mass., April 6, 1774. Their children were: Origin, born Feb. 25, 1801 ; 
Edwin, born April 6. 1803: Lucy, born at Mansfield, Mass., May 3. 1805; 
Mary, born at Trenton. Oneida Co., N. Y.. Sept. 27. 1806; Emily, born at 
Trenton, Sept. 7, 1808: Ephraim, born at Trenton, May 5, 1810: and Pliny 
M. (father of our subject), born at Trenton, Jan. 21, 18 12. Ephraim Per- 
kins, the father of this family, came to Burlington, Wis., in 1840, and pur- 
chased government land, upon which he engaged in farming and milling, there 
.spending the remainder of his life. He died in Burlington in 1851, aged 
seventy-eight years. His wife survived him six months, and was seventy- 
seven years old at the time of her death. The Perkins family dates its history 
in this' country back to the days of the Pilgrim Fathers, in the seventeenth cen- 
tury, and the coat of arms is still in the family. 

Pliny M. Perkins was one of the first settlers of Burlington, where he 
owned considerable property — twelve hundred acres or more. He also owned, 
at one time, the flour and woolen mills here, and here he died April 21, 1881. 
aged sixty-nine years. His wife passed away in Colorado Springs, when 
seventy-three years old. He was a Unitarian, while she was a member of the 
Congregational Church. Mr. Perkins was president of the first bank of Burl- 
ington, called the State Bank of Burlington, and was really the founder of 
the town. He came here first in 1837. made his claim here in 1838. and in 1839 
built a dam across the White river, using the power there for running his 
mills. He first built an oil-mill and then a saw-mill, from which came the lum- 
ber to erect his residence. While the sawmill was in course of construction he 


also erected a tlnur and grist mill, the first Iniilt in Racine county, and the first 
cargo of flour shipped from Wisconsin was sent from Southport (now Keno- 
sha) to Buffalo. 

Pliny ^[. Perkins married Ellen A. Conkey, like himself a native of 
Oneida county, X. Y.. and they had a family of ten children, namely: Emily 
Hollister, wife of Andrew Lawton, of Colorado Springs, Colo. ; James Pliny, 
deceased; Edward DeWitt; Origin Lucius, deceased; Mary Chaplin, deceased, 
who was married to Fred. Wells ; Elmer Ellsworth, deceased ; Frank Augus- 
tus, of Colorado Springs, Colo. ; Lucius Conkey, also of Colorado Springs, 
Colo. : and Orin Ephraim and Charles Townsend, both deceased. 

Lucius McConkey, the maternal grandfather of Edward D. Perkins, was 
born in Sudbury. \'t., March 17, 1795. He was an early settler in Burlington, 
Wis., and died here in 1866. aged seventy-one years. His wife, Phoebe Town- 
send, who was born in Herford, W'ashington Co., N. Y., Aug. 26, 1799, was 
married to him Dec. 19, 1819. The "Mc" was left off the name by grand- 
father McConkey, since which time the line has been known as Conkey. He was 
a soldier in the war of 1812. While in the East he followed farming, but on 
coming West spent the rest of his life retired. He and his wife had six chil- 
dren : James, of Minneapolis, Minn. ; Elizabeth, wife of Ephraim Perkins, 
of Sheldon, Iowa : DeW' itt. of ]\Iinneapolis ; Ellen A., deceased, mother of our 
subject; Clara L., wife of J. L. W^ebb. of Burlington; and Miss Martha, of 

Edward DeWitt Perkins attended the public schools and later Beloit 
College, spending two years at the latter institution, after which he went to 
Ripon College, fmm which he was sent home when taken sick with typhoid 
fever, an attack which lasted four months. After his recovery Mr. Perkins 
w'orked for his father in the mills for ten years, and then went out on the road 
as a commercial traveler, continuing at that twelve years. Since that time he 
has had his home in Burlington, looking after his property interests. He owns 
a farm of forty-three acres at the edge of the town, other farm land, and a fine 
home in Burlington. However, he spends most of his time in the Colorado 
gold fields, looking after his mining interests. 

On March 5, 1875, Air. Perkins married Miss Caroline M. Benson, the 
estimable daughter of Elliott C. and Elizabeth (Baggs) Benson, who are fully 
mentioned elsewhere. Four children have been born to this union, Lucile, 
Edna, Bessie and Mary. Lucile married Edwin Caldwell, of Burlington ; Edna 
married John McCarthy, of Burlington, and they have one daughter, Kathryn ; 
Miss Bessie is a graduate of the high school, class of 1905; and Miss Mary is 
attending high school. Mrs. Perkins is a member of the Congregational 
Church, where Mr. Perkins also attends. Politically he is a Republican. 

MICHAEL HIGGINS, Jr., a manufacturer of wagon and carriage 
springs and axles, and largely interested in other important industries of Ra- 
cine, is a prominent, progressive and public-spirited resident who has advanced 
to the front by sheer force of personal determination and ability. He was born 
in Oswego, X. Y., June 28. 1855, son of Michael and Bridget (Malone) Hig- 
gins, natives of Ireland, the former of Cork and the latter of County Limerick. 
The paternal great-grandfather, Patrick Higgins, remained in his native land. 

f r 

(^nojif (jV/^j^cMyi //^ 

C0M]\IE:\I0RATI\'E biographical record. 137 

but the grandfather — also named Patrick — emigrated to America in 1S40 
and settled at Little Falls, Herkimer Co., N. Y. Two years later he was killed 
by being struck by the falling branch of a tree. His wife, formerly Nancy 
Condon, survived him until 1866, when she died at an advanced age, the 
mother of the following children : James ; Patrick ; Joanna, who married 
Michael Lannan ; Michael ; Mary, who died in infancy ; and Elizabeth, wife of 
Martin Geany, who resides in Ireland. 

Michael Higgins, the father, was born in Young Grove, County Cork, 
Ireland, in February, 1834, and was brought to America by his parents when 
six years of age. Fie remained with the family at Little Falls, N. Y., for about 
two years, and resided in the State of New York for a period of twenty-one 
years. In 1856 he located in Chicago, but he returned to the East in 1857 
and about six years later became a resident of Canada, where he remained for 
thirteen years. Afterward he removed to Missouri, and engaged in farming 
until 1889. that year marking the date of his settlement in Racine. 

Michael Higgins, Sr., married Bridget Malone, who died Dec. 7, 1897, 
aged sixty-three years. She was a davighter of Cornelius and Nancy (Cliffe) 
Malone, who emigrated to America many years ago, settling near Kingston, 
Ontario, wdiere Mr. Malone died at an advanced age. His wife lived to be 
upward of ninety years old. Mrs. Higgins was a member of the Catholic 
Church, to which her husband also belongs. They had these children : Michael, 
Jr. ; Mary, the wife of Judge Daniel Murphy, of Mexico, Mo. ; John, of Manila, 
Philippine Islands, in the United States government employ; Elizabeth, the 
wife of Timothy Connolly, of Racine; and Agnes, deceased, who was the wife 
of James Welsh. 

Michael Higgins, Jr., was five or six years old when his parents removed 
to Gananoque, Canada, near Kingston, and at that place he grew to manhood, 
attending the common schools there. For several years he was employed on 
the steamers running on the St. Lawrence river and the Great Lakes, and then 
was employed at a spring factory in Gananoque. From there he removed to 
Kalamazoo. Mich., where for five years he was employed in spring factories, 
and then went to Bridgeport, Conn., where he followed the same occupation 
for four years. In 1885 he came to Racine and engaged in spring manufactur- 
ing on his own account, in a small way. His business has grown so that he 
now employs 150 men, and the factory is 320x180 feet in dimensions. Mr. 
Higgins is vice-president of the Commercial Savings Bank; vice-president of 
the Racine Malleable & Wrought Iron Company, which employs between four 
hundred and five hundred men; president of the Racine General Manufacturing 
Company, jobbers, and a director of the Racine Shoe Company. 

Mr. Higgins was married Jan. 5. 1879, in Kalamazoo, Mich., to Miss 
Mary Fitzgibbon. daughter of David and Catherine (Sullivan) Fitzgibbon. 
natives of Ireland, the former of Limerick and the latter of County Cork. 
David Fitzgibbon was a railroad man. and. on coming to America, met, in 
Buffalo, N. Y., Miss Sullivan, and there they were married. For some time 
they were located at various points in Michigan, and lived for some time in 
Kalamazoo. He died in 1895, aged seventy-six years, and his wife in March. 
1904, in her eightv-second year. They had three children : David, of Grand 
Rapids, Mich. ; John ; and l^Iary, Mrs. Higgins. 


Six children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. ^^lichael Higgiiis, Jr., 
namely: James, George, Agnes, Joseph, Frank, and Leo (who died Nov. 24, 
1904). Of this family, James is superintendent of his father's plant; George 
is employed in the axle plant. Mr. and Mrs. Higgins are members of the Cath- 
olic Church, belonging to the St. Rose congregation. He is fraternally con- 
nected with the Knights of Columbus, the Elks, the Catholic Order of For- 
esters and the Royal League. Mr. Higgins has been very prominent in political 
matters. He was the Democratic alderman from the Sixth ward in 1889, 
serving two years; in 1899 was elected mayor, and was re-elected in 1901, 
serving altogether four years; and was president of the park board in 1905-05. 
Mr. Higgins's home, at No. 1900 Washington avenue, was erected by him in 
1893. His father resides at No. 1229 Eleventh street. 

JOSHUA PIERCE (deceased), who for many years was one of the 
most highly esteemed citizens of Mt. Pleasant township, Racine Co., Wis., was 
born in Steuben county, N. Y., Sept. 15, 1814, son of Seth and Anna 
(Cushion) Pierce, natives of Massachusetts. He had two brothers and two 
sisters: Nathaniel, William, Alice and Anna. Seth Pierce removed into New 
York State and settled in Steuben county at an early date, and there died well 
advanced in years. He was land agent for the Government, and sold nearly 
all the land around Woodhull and at Painted Post. 

Joshua Pierce came to Racine, Wis., in 1840, and purchased 160 acres 
of land, after which he returned to New York, where he was married, again 
coming to Racine county in 1841. The land was purchased for him by Daniel 
Slosson. who made the trip to Milwaukee, paying $200 for the tract. This 
land Mr. Pierce improved, added eighty acres thereto, and in 1860-1861 built 
thereon a large and beautiful home, which is still in a good state of preserva- 
tion. Later he sold some of the land, at the time of his death owning but 184 
acres. He was married April 15, 1841, to Miss Catherine Hadden, whose 
mother, a Bedoe, was three times married; first to Mr. Hadden. second to Mr. 
Sarles and third to Mr. Lonsberry. By Mr. Hadden she had two sons and 
three daughters, viz.: Catherine (Mrs. Pierce), Elizabeth, Abigal, Gilbert 
and John. By Mr. Sarles there was one daughter. Mary Ann. Eight child- 
ren were born to the union of Joshua and Catherine (Hadden) Pierce, namely : 
Elizabeth, the wife of Josiah Coyell, of Branchport, N. Y. ; Phoebe, who died 
Sept. 29, 1890, aged about forty-four years; Anna, the wife of Charles Selden, 
of Aurora, 111.; Joshua, who died aged about thirty-three years; William, who 
lives on the old home place; Fannie, the wife of Aaron Wood, of Galesburg. 
111. ; Lafayette, of Bethany, near Linculn, Xeb. ; and Rose, the wife of Robert 
Briggs, of Monroe, Michigan. 

Joshua Pierce was a thrifty farmer, and had one of the finest residences 
and farms in Racine county. At an early day he helped to lay out nearly all of 
the roads in Mt. Pleasant township and was road commissioner for many years. 
He died on the farm on which he had settled Dec. 20. 1904, aged ninety years, 
three months, five days. His wife passed away Feb. 27, 1884, in her sixty- 
fourth year. She was a member of the Old Settlers" Society and of the Pres- 
byterian Church at the time of her death, though she was formerly connected 
with the Congregational Church, and was a good Christian wnmaji. whose 


exemplary life was well worthy of emulation. She had been a resident of the 
county for forty-three years, and saw the unsettled wild lands of Wisconsin 
developed to civilized conditions. Mr. Rierce was also a member of the old 
Settlers' Society, and at the time of his death had been a resident of the county 
for sixty-four years. He was one of the best known men among the pio- 
neers and early settlers of the county. Politically he was a Republican, and 
held various minor offices, but he would not permit politics to disturb his busi- 
ness. He w^as of a retiring disposition and not disposed to push himself for- 
ward, was honorable and upright in all of his dealings, and was highly re- 
garded for his integrity of character. 

At his death Mr. Pierce left a family of six children. The son William 
owns eighty acres of the old home farm and the residence, and has the settling 
of the estate. The children have all been well provided for, their father having 
thoughtfully and w isely made his arrangements before his death for the settling 
of the estate in a satisfactory manner. 

ELMER E. GITTINS, senior member of the firm of Gittins & Burgess, 
attorneys-at-law of Racine, Wis., is a native of Racine county, where he was 
born Aug. 31, 1869, son of Ellis . and Jane (Gittins) Gittins, natives of 

Ellis Gittins came to America some time in the early forties, locating in 
Utica, N. v., where he engaged in farming for some years and then came 
to Racine county, purchasing a farm of 140 acres in Caledonia township, 
where the remainder of his life was spent. He died aged sixty-three years, 
while his widow still survives him and resides in Racine. She is a Methodist 
in religious faith, to which church Mr. Gittins also belonged. They had 
these children : Nellie, the wife of Richard Williams, of Chicago ; John and 
Miss Sarah, of Racine; William, of Chicago, and Ellis J. and Elmer E., of 

Elmer E. Gittins was reared on his father's farm in Caledonia township, 
and first attended the district schools, and graduated from the Racine High 
school in 1889. He then entered the University of Wisconsin, at Madison, 
graduating in 1895, after which he entered the law school of the university, 
from which he was graduated in 1897, being aflmitted to the Bar the same 
year. He began practice in Racine, where he has since continued. In 1898 
Mr. Gittins formed a partnership with Mr. E. R. Burgess, the firm being 
known as Gittins & Burgess. In 1902 Mr. Gittins was elected district attor- 
ney, the duties of which office lie took up in January, 1903. Politically Mr. 
Gittins is a Republican. Fraternally he l)elongs to Lodge No. 18, F. & A. 
M.. and is also a member of the Kymric Club and the Racine Business ]\Ien's 
Club. Mr. Gittins resides at No. 1405 College avenue, with his mother. 

JOHN RAMSDEN is one of the old-established fanners of Brighton 
township. Kenosha county, where he is held in high esteem by his fellows, 
among whom he has lived and worked for so many vears. He was born in 
Yorkshire. England, about sixty miles from Liverpool, May 19, 1834, a son 
of Simeon and Abigail Ramsden. The Ramsdens are an old Yorkshire 
faniilv and there the grandfather, Jonathan, and his wife both died, when 


advanced in years, the former reaching the age of eighty-three. Their family 
consisted of two sons and two daughters. The maternal grandfather also 
Hved in Yorkshire, but beyond the fact that he died in his nati\e land nothing 
is now known of his history. 

Simeon Ramsden was born in Yorkshire in 1795. He was a hand weaver 
in England, but after coming to America followed various callings, eventually 
settling down to farming. He arrived in Racine May 25, 1842, and two years 
later bought property in Dover township — forty acres of government land. 
He brought up his family there, but later in life sold that place and bought 
eighty acres in Brighton township. After three years he sold the second 
farm also, and moving into Union Grove bought a lot on which he built a 
home and lived for many years. At the time of his death, March 20, 1876, he 
was at the home of his son John, in Brighton township. Mr. Ramsden was 
within twenty days of his eighty-first birthday when his demise occurred. 

Simeon Ramsden w-as twice married. His first wife was Mary Fernley, 
by wdiom he had a son Jonathan, now living in the village of Trempealeau, 
Wis., over eighty-three years of age. For his second wife he married Mrs. 
Abigail Smith, a widow with one daughter, Elizabeth. This daughter came 
to America from England and died in Racine; she was the wife of William 
Drinkwater. To the union of Simeon and Abigail Ramsden came four chil- 
dren, of whom tW'O are now living, John and Ella, Mrs. L. A. Brush, residing 
near Albany, Oregon. The parents w-ere Methodists in their religions belief. 

John Ramsden was eight years old w-hen he came with his father and 
mother to America, and he grew ta manhood in Racine and Kenosha counties. 
He was early accustomed to farm work, and for a while w'orked out by the 
month, but later took up carpentering, and in time had a gang of seven or 
eight men under him. He liought the farm where he now lives Dec. 17, 1870, 
and moved on to it in 1872. It consists of 160 acres and has been finely 

On Oct. II. 186.S, Mr. Ramsden married Miss Frances Mary Murdock, 
daughter of Archibald and Frances (McKlasky) Murdock. They have two 
children, Edward S. and Sarah M., both at home. Both parents belong to 
the Union Grove Congregational Church. Politically Mr. Ramsden is a life- 
long Republican and for twenty-nine vears was treasurer of the joint school 
district No. 9, resigning in fa\-or of his son, who now holds the office. 

CHARLES G. FOLTZ, one of the most substantial citizens and success- 
ful business men of Burlington, is a member of the firm of C. G. Foltz & Son, 
dealers in dry goods, clothing, carpets, etc. He was born in West Winfield, 
Herkimer Co., N. Y.. Sept. 9, 1837. son of Rev. Benjamin and Jane (Har- 
wood) Foltz, natives of New- York, and is of German descent on his father's 
side and American on his mother's. 

Re\'. Benjamin Foltz came West in 1849. ^^^l settled in Emerald Grove, 
Rock Co., Wis., for a time, later removing to Allen's Grove, Walworth county, 
and from there to Burlington, Racine county, in 1854. In 1858 he removed to 
Rockford, 111., where he died Sept. i.S. 1886. aged seventy-two years. His 
first wife, the mother of Charles G. Foltz, died Oct. 9. 1851. aged about thirty- 
eight years, and he married (second) Louise J. Judson. wdio still survives him. 



and makes her home in Ruckford, 111. His chiklren Ijv his first marriage were: 
Charles G. ; Benjamin H., deceased; William \V., retired, of Chicago. Ilk; 
Miss Asenath E., of Chicago, 111. ; Miss Mary S., of Rockford, 111. ; and Harriet 
T., deceased, who married Orlando Maklem. To the second marriage were 
born : Judson J., in the real estate and mining business in Tacoma, Wash. : 
Edward E., a shoe merchant at Delavan, Wis. ; Irving E., formerly teller of 
the People's Bank, at Rockford, Ilk, now retired; and Louise L., Airs. Lester 
Halstead, of Rockford, Illinois. 

Charles G. Foltz was reared in New York State. He was one of the early 
settlers of Racine county, and is the oldest surviving dry goods merchant in 
the county, having carried on the merchandise business in Burlington since 
November, 1857. On Nov. 6, 1861, he married Miss Mary A. Chandler, 
daughter of Joshua and Louise (Durgin) Chandler, and three children were 
born to this union: Charles Oliver, Alice B. and Ernest H. (i) Charles Oliver 
Foltz, who resides in Chicago, is interested in copper mines in Arizona. He 
married Miss Mary Reedy, and they had three children, Alice, Helen and Cath- 
erine. The wife and two eldest children lost their lives in the Iroquois Theatre 
holocaust. (2) Alice B. Foltz married Dr. George Y. Wilson, a dentist, and 
they live in Colorado Springs, Colo. (3) Ernest H. Foltz married Miss Kath- 
erine Ransom. He was reared in Burlington, where he has spent his entire 
life, graduated from the high school in 1888, and then became associated with 
his father as clerk in the dry goods and clothing business, which he continued 
until 189^, when he became associated as a partner, the firm name becoming 
C. G. Foftz & Son. 

The business now conducted by C. G. Foltz & Son was established in 1857 
and is one of the leading industrial establishments of Burlington. It is the 
oldest business house there, and the straightforward way in which the father 
and son do business has won the confidence of the public. They occupy a com- 
modious two-story and basement building on Chestnut street, 39x100 feet in 
dimensions ; the building is lighted throughout by electricity, is heated bv steam, 
and provided with all modern conveniences. 

Mr. and Mrs. Charles G. Foltz and family are members of the Congrega- 
tional Church, of which Mr. Foltz is a charter member and deacon, and at 
present the oldest living member. He has also been church clerk for more than 
forty years. For many years he gave efficient service on the school board, as 
trustee, and during the building of the high school edifice served as treasurer. 

HENRY F. JORDAN, who is engaged in the real-estate and insurance 
business in Kenosha, has been a resident of that city since 1896, previous to 
which he was engaged in farming in the town of Somers, this county. Practi- 
cally all his life has been passed in Kenosha county, as he was only in his sixth 
year when brought hither by his parents, and he not only ranks among the 
oldest, but also among the most intelligent and progressive, citizens of this 

Mr. Jordan is a native of England, born Sept. 7, 1836, in Rochdale, Lan- 
cashire. His grandparents, Henry and Ann (Potts) Jordan, were both na- 
tives of England and passed their entire lives in that country. He died in mid- 
dle life, from injuries received while trying to stop a runaw^ay horse, and she 


lived til be over eighty-seven years old. Henry Jordan was an excise officer 
in the employ of the British government. 

Thomas Jordan, the only child of Henry and Ann ( Potts) Jordan, was 
born and reared in England. He became a first-class cabinetmaker, and had 
an establishment in Rochdale for some time before coming to America, in 
1842. Continuing westward, he arrived in Southpoit (as Kenosha was then 
known). Wis., May 29th of that year, and purchasing a farm of ninety acres in 
what was then the town of Pike, Racine county (now the town of Somers, 
Kenosha county), made his home thereon for over thirty years. In 1879 he 
moved into Kenosha, where he passed the rest of his days in retirement, dying 
there in Mav. 1893. in his eighty-third year. Mr. Jordan was an active man 
and awake to the needs of the community in which he had settled, and he served 
faithfully in positions of public trust, acting as supervisor of the town of 
Somers. and for twenty-five years as school district treasurer. 

Thomas Jordan married Mary Schofield, like himself a native of Eng- 
land, and a daughter of John Schofield, who was born in England and passed 
all his life there, dying at the age of forty-six years. Mr. Schofield was a busy 
man, owning a mill, and also acting as excise officer and surveyor. His wife's 
maiden name w'as Whitehead, and they became the parents of one son and four 
daughters, all now deceased. Mrs. Jordan did not long survive her husband, 
dying in November, 1893, in her eighty-fourth year, as the result of a fall she 
sustained while visiting the \\'orld's Fair, in Chicago. Mr. and Mrs. Jordan 
were Methodists in religious belief. They had seven children, five sons and two 
daughters, namely : Henry F., of Kenosha : Ann J., wife of Edward Cheetham, 
of Chicago; Miss Maria J.; John S., of Seattle, Wash.; Thomas W., of Sioux 
City, Iowa; George P., who now owns and resides upon the old homestead 
farm in the town of Somers ; and Frank L., who was drowned at Racine in 
1872, in his twenty-first year. 

Henry F. Jordan was in his sixth vear when he came with his parents to 
America. He distinctly remembers landing at Southport. as there was no har- 
bor there at the time, and the passengers were transferred from the vessel to 
a lighter, from which they walked to shore on a plank bridge. Southport then 
contained only ten or fifteen houses, and gave little promise of becoming the 
important lake port it now is. Mr. Jordan grew to manhood in the town of 
Somers, which was then the town of Pike, Racine county, the county being sub- 
sequently divided and Kenosha (formerly Southport) becoming the seat of 
Kenosha county. He received his education in the old-fashioned subscription 
schools and the district schools in vogue in his boyhood, and was thoroughly 
trained to agricultural work under the tuition of his father, remaining at home 
until he reached maturity. \\'hen ready to commence farming on his own 
account he purchased a place of 106 acres adjoining his father's farm, and sub- 
sequently added forty acres thereto. He lived on this farm, carrying on agri- 
cultural pursuits very successfully, until the year 1896, when he rented it and 
moved into Kenosha, taking up his residence in the beautiful home which he 
had built that year, at Xo. 425 Fremont avenue, and which he still owns and 
occupies. Mr. Jordan has been in the real-estate and insurance business for 
about thirty years all told, having taken it up long- before he gave up agricul- 
ture, and since locating in Kenosha he has devoted all his time to that line. 

The excellent judgment and executive ability which Mr. Jordan displayed 


in the management uf his own affairs, and his unquestionetl puljhc spirit, made 
liim tlie choice of his fellow citizens for various offices, the duties of which 
he has discharged with the fidelity for which lie is noted. He was treasurer of 
the town of Somers for one year, was district clerk and district treasurer of the 
town for a number of years, and has given seven years' service as super\isor, 
part of the time in the town of Somers and the rest in the Third ward of Keno- 
sha. He has been chairman of the county board of supervisors for the past 
three years. Mr. Jordan has been as much of a success in public aft'airs as in 
his personal undertakings, and he is regarded as a useful citizen in both com- 
munities with which he has been identified. He is a Republican in politics. 
Fraternally he is a member of Kenosha Lodge, No. 47, A. F. & A. M. 

Mr. Jordan was united in marriage, May 29, 1869, to Miss Lavinia Golds- 
worthy, daughter of Stephen S. and Lavinia (Eustis) Goldsworthy, and they 
have had one daughter, Edith E., who lives with her parents. Mrs. Jordan's 
parents were natives of England, born in Cornwall, and coming to America 
settled on a farm in the town of Paris, Kenosha county, where they lived until 
about 1889. They then moved into L'nion Grove to spend their declining years, 
Mr. Goldsworthy dying there at the age of seventy-seven, and Mrs. Golds- 
worthy , who survived him three years, at the age of seventy-six. Their fam- 
ily consisted of four sons and two daughters, of whom John E. died some years 
ago. The others all survive, namely : Lavinia, Mrs. Jordan : Stephen, of Sev- 
ery, Kans. ; William, of Monroe, Wis.; Hilary, of Laiion Grove: and Henry, 
who lives in Racine. 

HEXRY LYTLE, of the firm of Henry Lytle & Sons, dealers in hard- 
ware, agricultural implements, hard and soft coal, flour and feed, at Somers 
Station, Somers township, Kenosha Co., Wis., was born June 5, 1S44, at 
Spring Prairie, Walworth Co., Wis., son of Adams and Maria (Carswell) 

The paternal grandfather of Henry Lytle, was Andrew Lytle, who was 
l:orn in Ireland and came to America in youth, settling first in Pennsylvania, 
hut later moving to New York. He came West with the early pioneers into 
Yorkville township, Racine county, and died at Ives Grove at the age of 
ninety-two years. He was a Revolutionary soldier, but turned his sword into 
a pruning hook and became a farmer. His wife 1)ore the name of Eliza and 
they both lived to old age, rearing a large family of children. 

Adams Lytle, the father of Henry, was born Dec. 10. 1792, in New 
York, where his wife was born April 19, 1802. They were married Nov. 21, 
1822, and they had ten children, as follows: Jane, deceased, wife of W. P. 
Goff, died in Kansas: John went to California in 1850, but has been lost 
sight nf by the family: Margaret. deceased, was the wife of 
Daniel Bull, brother of Stephen Bull, of Racine: Mary, widow of Daniel 
Clark, is a resident of New York: Eliza died in infancy: Andrew is in Eldo- 
rado, Kan. : Nathaniel died at Somers Station : Lydia is the widow of David 
Secnr. of near Waterford, Racine county: Adams. Jr.. who was a soldier in 
the Civil war. a member of Company H. 22nd Wis. \'. I., died in the service; 
and Henry. 

Adams Lytle came to Wisconsin in 1838 and always followed farming. 
With his wife he settled in Spring Prairie township, \\'alworth county, but a 


few years later moved to Racine county, where he bought a farm of eighty 
acres in Yorkville township. Prior to his decease he moved to 2\It. Pleasant 
township and died there in i860, aged sixty-eight years. His widow sur- 
vived until 1888, dying aged eighty-six years. She was a consistent member 
of the Presbyterian church. Adams Lytle was a survivor of the Mexican 
war and he was a man of prominence in Yorkville township, of which he 
was treasurer at one time. 

Henry Lytle was reared a farmer boy and obtained his education in the 
district schools. When seventeen years old he went to Racine and worked 
in the butcher shop of Daniel Bull until Aug. 11, 1862, when he enlisted in 
Company H, 22nd Wis. V. I. He was mustered out as a corporal, his pro- 
motions being the reward of personal bravery. He served with fidelity 
until the close of the war, suffering from but one wound which he received 
at Dallas Woods, although he participated in the following battles and cam- 
paigns : Resaca : Peach Tree Creek ; Dallas Woods ; Golgotha ; New Hope 
Church ; Kenesaw Mountain ; all the Atlanta campaign, which included the 
siege and taking of Atlanta ; then on to Washington, where his regiment 
made a good showing at the grand review which was witnessed by thousands 
of admiring citizens. 

After the war Mr. Lytle returned home and farmed in Mt. Pleasant 
township until 1886, and then moved into Somers township, where he con- 
tinued to farm for the next five years. In 1891 he quit the farm and bought 
out the general business of Allen Williams at Somers Station, which he still 
conducts, having associated with him in the business, his sons, George H. 
and Adams L., both capable young business men. 

On Tan. 10, 1867, Mr. Lytle was united in marriage with Miss Amanda 
Ann McHuron, daughter of David L. and Catherine McHuron, early settlers 
in Paris township, and afterward residents of Mt. Pleasant township. Racine 
county. The father died there aged eighty-two years, but the mother still 
survives. Mr. and Mrs. Lytle have had eight children, four sons and four 
daughters, the first-born dying in infancy, the others being: George H.. of 
Green Bay. Wis., where he is superintendent of the electric light plant, mar- 
ried Annie Johnson and they have two children, Berenice and George W. 
Catherine married John Haigh. and they live in Somers township, and have 
two daughters, Mildred L. and Edith. Edith A. died at the age of nineteen 
years. William N. is of Gallatin county, Mont. Clarence A., Adams L., 
and Mary J. live at home. 

Mrs. Lytle is a Baptist in religious belief, but as there is no Baptist 
Church at this place, she and her husband attend and liberally contribute to 
the support of the Presbyterian Church. Politically he is a Republican and 
he has been elected by his party as town treasurer both of Yorkville and 
]Mount Pleasant townships in times past. He belongs to Harvey Post. G. A. 
R., at Racine, and is prominent in the Order of Woodmen of America. He 
fills the office of president of the Woodmen Hall Association, and for sev- 
eral years was consul of the camp. 

CLARENCE E. REMER. The malting industry is one that of late 
years has assumed large proportions and has meant wealth for numbers of 
men. One of those who have been conspicuously successful in the business is 


C0MME:.I0RATIVE biographical record. 145 

Clarence E. Reiner, president and treasurer of the AI. H. Pettit ^Malting Com- 
pany, of Kenosha. He is a native of New York State, born in Cayuga county 
Jan. 26, 1850, son of Stephen Henry and Adehne (Tibbies) Remer. 

The Remer family is of French descent, and was founded in America in 
an early day, the first ancestor in this country coming from the river Rhine. 
Mr. Remer's grandfather, Abram Remer, was a native of Carlisle, Pa., born 
June 7, 1783, and was a shoe manufacturer. He served as a musician in the 
war of 1812. He died March 6, 1866. He married Hannah Riggs Whitney, 
who was a native of Derby, Conn., born June 20, 1785, niece of Stephen Whit- 
ney, of New York. Mr. and Mrs. Remer both lived to a good old age. They 
had a large family, four sons and five daughters. 

Stephen Henry Remer, father of Clarence E., was born in Connecticut in 
1817. He was engaged in business as a grocer most of his life, and after 1854 
was located in Elkhorn, Wis., where he was living at the time of his death, 
Dec. 16, i860. He married Miss Adeline Tibbies, who was born in New York 
in 1826, daughter of Solomon and Malinda (Bennedict) Tibbies. Mr. Tibbies 
died in Montezuma, N. Y., in 1840, and the mother afterward settled in Janes- 
ville. Wis., where she died Sept. 4, 1867, aged sixty-nine years; she was the 
mother of a large family. Only two children were born to Stephen H. Remer 
and his wife, viz.: Isabella (deceased wife of John C. M. Kehlor) and Clar- 
ence E. Mrs. Remer survived her husband till 1893, dying in Kenosha. Both 
belonged to the Episcopal Church. 

Clarence E. Remer was brought up in Elkhorn, residing there from 1854 
till 1880. He received his education in the public schools of that town and 
then went to work for Mr. John C. M. Kehlor, in the grain business. In 1871 
he bought Mr. Kehlor out and conducted affairs himself until 1880. He then 
rented his elevator and went to Chicago, with the purpose of looking up a 
wholesale flour business, but about that time a flattering offer was made him 
by M. H. Pettit & Company and he went to Kenosha to take a position with 
that firm. Five years later the concern was reorganized as a stock company, 
under the style of the M. H. Pettit Malting Company, and Mr. Remer was 
made secretary and treasurer. He discharged the duties of that position with 
great efficiency till Sept. 15. 1902, when he was elected president and treasurer, 
and is still filling those combined offices. The company employs about twenty- 
five persons and ships its products to the EaSt, West and South, doing a speci- 
allv large business in Mexico. The malt is favorably known all through those 
sections, having a good reputation for its quality, and some half million bush- 
els are sold per annum. 

On April 25, 1883, Mv. Remer was united in matrimony to Miss Jessie 
E. Large, of Kenosha, and they make their home at No. 463 South Congress 
street. Thev are both members of the Episcopal Church. Mr. Remer is a 
member of the Societv of the Sons of the American Revolution by virtue of 
his descent from Lieut. Joseph Riggs, of the Connecticut troops. He is a 
thirtv-second-degree Mason, and a charter member of Kenosha Lodge, No. 
750. B. P. O. Elks. On political issues Mr. Remer is a stanch Republican. He 
is aman of honorable standing and influence in the circles in which he moves, 
his integrity and reliability being unquestioned. 

146 co:mmemorative biographical record. 

lOHX A. KILLEEX, editor and proprietor of the Kenosha Union, 
Avas born in Quebec, Canada, Jan. 22, 1845. He is a son of Thomas and 
jMary (Ball) Killeen. who emigrated to Canada in the thirties. At the age 
•of fifteen years the subject of this sketch entered the office of the Picton (On- 
tario) Times, where he remained for six years. The next four years were 
spent in the government printing service, between Quebec and Ottawa. In 
1869 he came to the United States, locating in New York City, where he re- 
mained until 1875, ■when he came to Kenosha and purchased the Kenosha 
Union, which had been established in 1866 by I. W. Webster and George 
Hutchinson. Since purchased by Mr. Killeen the size of the sheet has been 
twice enlarged, and in 1877 he put in a fine steam press, the first in Kenosha. 

I\Ir. Killeen was married in Ottawa, Canada, April 6, 1869, to Aliss 
Sarah Cullen, native of that country. 

WILTSIE STEWART HAVEN is one of the wealthy farmers ot 
Brighton township, Kenosha county, where he has resided for over twenty 
years. The earlier part of his life was passed in Oswego county, N. Y., 
where he was born Nov. 2. 1856, a son of Myron and Caroline (W'iltsie) 

The branch of the Haven family to which Wiltsie S. Haven belongs 
was founded in America by Richard Haven, an Englishman by birth, who 
settled in Connecticut some time in the seventeenth century. Mr. Haven's 
grandfather, Zenas, was born in Connecticut, but moved to Oswego county, 
N. Y., and there died at the age of sixty. He married Amanda Lewis, who 
reached the unusual age of ninety-two years, and they had three sons and two 

Myron Haven was born after his father settled in New York and became 
in his turn a farmer in Oswego county, although he had earlier learned the 
trade of a cooper. He and his wife still live at their old home there, the for- 
mer now over seventy-five years of age. He has been quite a prominent man 
locally and has held various town offices, while religiously he is a Baptist, 
like his wife. They had children as follows : \'ictor. now of Granada. 
Colo.; Coley, of Chicago; Wiltsie S. ; and Elma. Airs. W. H. Polland, of 
Oswego Falls Station, New York. 

The maternal grandparents of W'iltsie S. Haven were Martin and Phal- 
lic (Coley) W'iltsie. The former was born near Sclienectady, and was a 
farmer by occupation. He and his wife had a large family and lived to a 
good old age. 

W'iltsie S. Haven lived on a farm in Oswego county till he was eleven 
years old, but after that was in Fulton, N. Y., where he attended the public 
•schools. After finishing his studies he learned the cooper's trade and worked 
at it for some years, after which he tried boating on the Erie canal. He 
spent several years thus and next took up farming, at first in the East, but 
after 1883 in Wisconsin, where he settled on the farm in Section 14, Brighton 
township, on which he still lives. It is a fine tract of 200 acres, which in 1890 
became Mr. Haven's own property, inherited from an aunt, Mrs. Ann W. 
Evans. Mrs. Evans was a daughter of Martin W'iltsie and the widow of 
John W. Evans. She had come to Wisconsin from New York in 1844. and 


settled on the farm which was her himie fur the rest of her Hfe. Eor many 
years she was the postmistress for Brighton, having the office in her home. 
Besides his farming interests Mr. Haven is a business man, and for five years 
was connected with the Brighton Mutual Fire Insurance Company, one year 
as its treasurer and for the rest of the time as president. 

Mr. Haven was united in marriage, Oct. 20, 1880, to Cora, daughter of 
James and Nancy (Brownell) Baker, but their married life was brief, as Mrs. 
Haven died Aug. 12, 1882, aged twenty-one. She left one son, Louis, now a 
resident of Syracuse, N. Y. On Dec. 31, 1884, occurred Mr. Haven's second 
union, when Miss Maria Harry became his wife. To them have been born 
three sons, John, Ross and Stewart. Mr. Haven and his wife both mem- 
bers of the Eastern Star Lodge in Union Grove, while he belongs also 
to the M. W. A. ; the R. A. M., Kenosha Chapter No. 3, and Union Grove 
Lodge No. 288, F. and A. M. Politically a Democrat, he is. active in local 
afifairs, was chairman of the town board one term, and is now serving his 
tenth year as clerk of school district No. 3. 

Mrs. Maria (Harry) Haven, daughter of James and Susan (Staff) 
Harry, is of English descent on both sides. Her paternal grandparents were 
James and Tomizene Harry, the former born in England. z\fter he came to 
America he lived for about three years in Southport (nowr Kenosha) and 
then moved into Brighton township, where he spent the rest of his life on a 
farm, dying at the age of sixty. His wife lived to be eighty-nine. She bore 
him three children, while by a previous marriage, to Thomas Dale, she had had 
two. The maternal grandparents, William Staff and his wife, were also very 
long-lived. They had two sons and two daughters. William Staff, who was 
a toll-gate keeper, was born in Lincolnshire and died there. 

James Harry, father of Mrs. Haven, was born in Cornwall in 1834. He 
came to Southport with a colony when he was a boy of some ten or eleven 
years, and as he grew older became a sailor on the lakes, following that call- 
ing for thirty-five years. He died in June, 1904, and his wife in 1872, aged 
forty. They were members of the Methodist Church. 

F. H. NIMS (deceased) was born near Erie, Pa., Aug. 29, 1829. In 
1833 his parents removed to Michigan, and in the autumn of the same year 
went to Chicago, where only a few log cabins marked the site of the present 
populous city. They afterward removed to Kenosha, W'is., where the father 
purchased a claim of eighty acres, between the city and the Northwestern 
depot, afterward selling it for a span of horses. 

On Jan. 10, 1837, the Nims family located on the present site of Bur- 
lington, Wis., on the east side of the Fox river. The ground was covered 
with two feet of snow, and the only house in the locality was a log cabin, 
12x14, with a mud and stick chimney and a shock roof, and as the latter did 
not completely cover the building an Indian blanket was thrown over the 
aperture. The floor was of dirt, except a small portion which had been cov- 
ered w'ith shocks. Mr. Nims's father passed away in 1882. at the advanced 
age of ninety-eight years, and his mother in 1878. aged seventy-five. 

F. H. Nims experienced all the hardships and privations of pioneer life. 
His education was necessarily limited, but he was ambitious to learn, and be- 


came a teacher at fourteen years of age. Shortly afterward he went to 
Waterford, and worked in the woolen mdls there for a few months, return- 
ing to Burlington at the end of this time to work in tne woolen mills here. 
He remained m the mills until twenty-four years old, and then spent one year 
in New York, as a contractor in a woolen mill, and at the age of twenty-five 
years began to learn the trade of carpenter and joiner, which he followed con- 
tinuously until a few years before his deatli. He was associated m business 
with E. S. Voorhees for twenty-three years. 

On Oct. 6, 1855, Mr. Nims was united in marriage with Miss Mary 
Meadows, and to this union four children were born, three of whom are still 
living, viz.: Eugene L., of Chicago; Mrs. George K. Dean, of Milwaukee; 
and Mrs. F. H. McAdow, of Chicago. Mrs. Nims died in 1876, and on 
March 28, 1878, Mr. Nims married (second) Mrs. Julia L. (Spoor) Thomp- 
son, who died Sept. 4, 1891. 

Mr. Nims served as one of the delegates to Madison, and aided in the 
organization of the Republican party in Wisconsin. He was a deacon of 
Plymouth Congregational Church in Burlington, having been a charter mem- 
ber when the society was founded, in 1858, and always one of its faithful 
members. For sixty-seven years Mr. Nims was identified with the progress 
and growth of Burlington. He had the confidence and respect of all who 
knew him, and was a good citizen in every way. He died on Tuesday, Jan. 
10, 1905. at the home of his daughter, Mrs. George K. Dean, No. 3210 Chest- 
nut street. Milwaukee, with whom he had made his home the last year of his 
life. The remains were brought to Burlington and buried in the town ceme- 

JAMES C. DOWSE, who is ne.xt to the oldest settler in Kenosha 
county. Wis., now living, and a highly respected resident of Section 34, 
Pleasant Prairie township, was born in Lincolnshire, England, Oct. 26, 1815. 
His parents were James and Martha (Pinder) Dowse. 

The parents of Mr. Dowse, like their ancestors, were natives of England. 
They had five sons and one daughter, all of whom have passed away with the 
exception of our veneral^le subject. His father was a butcher and cattle 
dealer, and owned a small farm in Lincolnshire, where he died aged seventy 
years. His wife passed away at about the same age. 

James C. Dowse was reared in England, where he lived until twenty- 
two years of age, and then emigrated to America. He arrived in New York 
in 1837, and walked all the distance to Wisconsin. He became acquainted 
with rivermen and worked on a flat-boat on the Mississippi river and also 
on a canal near Yazoo, but in 1838 he went back to England and was present 
at the great spectacle of the coronation of the late beloved Queen Victoria. 
In the same year he returned to America with his brother John, and came 
again to Wisconsin. They bouglit a farm of 240 acres, in Pleasant Prairie 
township, of which James C. Dowse owns 180 acres at present, upon wdiich 
he resides. His brother John died soon after settling in Kenosha county. 
Our venerable subject has lived here for the past sixty-eight years and. with 
one exception, is the oldest continuous resident of Kenosha county. 

Mr. Dowse was married (first) at Gurnee, 111., to Miss Abigail Lovejoy, 


and they had diree sons and one daughter: WiUiam C, of Pleasant Prairie 
township; James E., who died in the Union army during the Civil war; 
Ernest P. of Chicago; and Mary, who died in early childhood. William C. 
married Mary Ann Oliver, and they had ten children, those living being: 
James C, Abigail (wife of William Dowse), Alice, Clara and Daisy. Ern- 
est P. married Julia Lovejoy and their surviving children are Byron C, 
Ralph, Clarence and Paul. 

Mr. Dowse was married (second) in 1848, to Mrs. Sarah Dexter, 
widow of Jackson Dexter, and a sister of his first wife. There was one son 
born to this union, Byron C. Mrs. Dowse died Dec. 23. 1877, aged about 
sixty-one years. She was a consistent member of the Baptist Church. Mr. 
Dowse is a member of the Episcopal Church. His parents and his grand- 
parents, John and Alice (Doubleday) Dowse, all belonged to the Church of 
England. In his political sentiment Mr. Dowse is a Republican, and he has 
served a number of terms as township supervisor. 

Byron C. Dowse was born and reared on his father's farm, and 
he is the oldest continuous resident of Pleasant Prairie township who has 
lived where he was born, his birth having taken place Jan. 16, 1849. He 
was educated in the district schools and grew up to be a practical farmer. 
After his father retired he took possession of the home place and has another 
farm of eighty acres in the township, the total aggregate being 260 acres. 
It is all valuable land, and under Mr. Dowse's capable management is one 
of the most productive properties in the county. 

Byron C. Dowse was married March 11, 1873, to Miss IsaWla B. 
Stewart, daughter of John and Jeannette (Ogston) Stewart, and six chil- 
dren were born to them: Ernest R., John C, Carlton A., Walter S., Milton 
and Richard. The only one yet married was Ernest R., who died at the age 
of twenty-six years, leaving a widow, formerly Miss Sarah Lovejoy. 

The parents of Mrs. Byron C. Dowse were born in Scotland. They 
came to America in 1842 and settled in Benton township, Lake Co.. 111., 
where the father followed farming during his active life, and died on his 
property when over eighty years old. His wife had died some years previ- 
ously. They were highly respected residents of the community in which they 

Like his aged father, Mr. Dowse is identified with the Republican party, 
and he has served in township offices, having been on numerous occasions 
elected supervisor and served as chairman of the board. Both he and his 
father have seen wonderful changes in this section of fair Wisconsin during 
their residence here, and both have done their full share in the educational 
and material development of this part of Kenosha county. 

FRED PFISTER, chief of police of Racine, Wis., is one of the most 
popular and respected citizens of that city, where he has resided since 1889. 
He was born in the sister State of Illinois, in the city of Chicago. April 27, 
1861, one of the most memorable years in our country's history. His parents, 
Philip and Emma E. Pfister, were born in Germany, and both came to Amer- 
ica in \outh and were reared to maturity in Chicago, where they were mar- 
ried. I'or some years the father kept a boarding-house in Chicago. He died 


in 1865, when his son I'"red was small, and Airs. Pfister subseqnently mar- 
ried (second) Herman Rudolph. They continued to live in Chicago for 
some years and then removed to Germany, accompanied by one child, Emma. 
Since that time our subject has lost trace of his mother and sister. 

Until he was fourteen years old Fred Pfister li\ed in Chicago, obtain- 
ing an excellent education in the public schools. In 1875 he came to Wis- 
consin and went to work on a farm in Paris township, Kenosha county, mak- 
ing arrangements by which he could work by the month and also attend 
school during the winter seasons. On the farm he learned to make butter 
and cheese, and later he followed that business for three years, and for a num- 
ber of years he worked Avith a threshing machine through the fall. In 1889 
Mr. Pfister came to Racine and entered into the employ of the J. I. Case 
Threshing Machine Company, remaining there two years and then accepting 
a position with the Badger Electric Light Company, when they were putting 
the new line in Racine. Later he worked as a steam-fitter for a New York 
firm and assisted in putting in some of the largest plants in the city. 

In 1892 Mr. Pfister was appointed a special policeman, served a year, 
and was then admitted to the regular force. Then he resumed work as a 
steamfitter until 1895, when he was appointed deputy sheriff under Sheriff' 
Pugh, serving also under Sheriff' Wagner. He then to<3k the civil service 
examination and w-as again appointed on the police force. When the Span- 
ish-American war broke out he enlisted, entering Company F, ist Wis. V. I., 
and accompanied his regiment to Florida, where the 7th Army Corps was 
stationed at that time. There the ist Regiment was held ready for em- 
barkation but their services were not required, peace having been declared 
before they were called on to prove their gallantry. 

After his return to Racine, Mr. Pfister was engaged in the manufacture 
of soda waer until 1900, when he was appointed chief of police, succeeding to 
the position over twenty-eight competitors. Politically Chief Pfister is a 
Republican, but in his official life he knows no party distinction. He is a 
prominent member of the Knights of Pythias, of the Uniform Rank, and his 
Comrades in the order, in recognition of the personal esteem which they hold 
for him and also for the confidence they repose in his fidelity as an official, 
have presented him a beautiful gold badge embossed with the coat of 
arms of the State of Wisconsin, which he is proud to wear. He belongs also 
to the Masons, being a member of Lodge No. 18. Racine, A. F. & A. M. ; 
has membership in Lodge No. 252, B. P. O. Elks; is a member of the 
Deutschen Maennerverein of Racine and of the Bancroft Spanish-American 
Post of Volunteers of Racine. He belongs to the International Association of 
Chiefs of Police, a notable organization. 

Chief Pfister has l^een a resident of Kenosha and Racine counties for 
the past thirty years and is well known over their whole extent. He stands 
very high in public esteem, both as a man and as an official. 

GOUTY GUNDERSOX, at the time of his death. March 16, 190.^. 
had been a continuous resident of Racine county for sixty-three years, and 
was one of the most prosperous farmers and esteemed citizens of Norway 
township, owning a fine homestead of 220 acres, in Section 29. He was a na- 

C0MME:^I0RATIVE biographical record. 151 

tive of Xorway. where he was born May 17, 1833, a son of Gmuler Goute- 
son and Carohne (Knutson) Gouteson. Their three children who reached 
maturity were: Gouty; Swain, who Hves in Mihvaukee; and Margaret, who 
is the wife of Christian Benzene, of Norway township. 

The father, who was a farmer, came to America in 1837, settled for a 
short time in Illinois, and in 1842 purchased about two hundred acres in 
Norway township, Racine county, where he passed the remainder of his life. 
He improved the land, erected buildings, and fashioned the entire tract into 
a comfortable homestead, upon which he reared his children in the old-fash- 
ioned ways of industry, economy and general thrift. At one time he was 
assessor of Norway township. He died at the age of seventy-four years, Iiis 
wife passing away some eight years before. 

Gouty Gunderson was four years of age when his parents brought him 
to America, and nine years old when the family settled in Racine county. 
From tliat time until his death, at the age of nearly seventy-two years, Nor- 
way township was his home. As a farmer's boy he lived at home until he 
had reached early manhood, wdien his father presented him ninety acres of 
good land as a basis for an independent livelihood. He not only cultivated 
this with profitable results, but added to it, until he had accumulated and im- 
proved 220 acres, making him one of the most extensive and prosperous land- 
owners in the township. 

On May 26, 1855, Mr. Gunderson married :\Iiss Betsy ^^lathias, daugh- 
ter of Mathias Knutson and Ellen (Oleson) Knutson. Nine children were 
born to this union. Carrie. Ellen, Martin, Mary Ann. Helena. Edmund, ^Mag- 
gie. Oscar and Linnie. Carrie, who is unmarried, lives at home. Ellen is 
the wife of Bartholomew Thronson, of Racine, and the mother of Edjia and 
Clarence. Mary Ann married .\lbert Larson, and both are deceased. Hel- 
ena, the wife of Edward Rolfson, lives near Astoria. S. Dak., and their six 
children are Irene. Mollie, Lulu, Roy, Myrtle and Chester. Edmund, un- 
married, is a farmer in Norway township, and his sister Maggie is his house- 
keeper; the latter is the widow of Johnnie Johnson, and has one child. Hazel. 
Oscar and Linnie remain on the family homestead. 

The death of Gouty Gunderson occurred March 16. 1905, so that he was 
within two months of being seventy-two years of age. His widow, who sur- 
vives, was born in Norway Oct. 2. 1835. came to America about 1846. and 
was married in Norway township in 1855. She is a Lutheran, as was her 
husband, and proved a faithful helpmate to her prosperous domestic partner. 
Mr. Gunderson was not only successful financially, but served as supervisor 
and treasurer of the town of Norway, and was honored with other marks 
of public confidence and esteem. 

^Irs. Gunderson's parents were alsi^ nati\-es of Norway, in 1846 coming 
to America with their children, and :\Ir. Knutson's father and mother, and 
settling in Norway township. There Mr. Knutson located on a farm of 120 
acres, upon which he passed the balance of his life, dying about 1885. His 
wife survived until jSIay 29. 1904. or until she had nearly reached the ven- 
erable age of ninetv-three years. They were the pareuts of six children, as 
follows:" Betsy, wife of Gouty Gunderson; Kate. IMrs. Hans Elderson, of 
Norway township : Maggie, deceased, wdio was the wife of Jacob Anderson ; 


Kiiut Mathias, deceased ; Annie, who married Reuljen Wait, and who resides 
near W'oonsocket, S. Dak., and John, deceased. 

The paternal grandfather of Mrs. Gunderson was Knut Bendick, who 
in 1846 came to America with his wife, Maggie, settHng in Norway town- 
ship: there he died, his wife passing her last days in Portage county, Wis., 
and dying at the age of eighty years. She was the mother of three children. 
Ole Oleson. the maternal grandfather, and his wife Betsy, died in Norway, 
and they were the parents of three children. 

THOMAS JEFFERSON EMERSON, one of Racine's highly esteemed 
retired citizens, who makes his home at No. 842 Main street, has been a resi- 
dent of this city for many years, during which time he has championed every 
movement designed to promote the general welfare, has supported every enter- 
prise for the public good, and has materially aided in the advancement of all 
social, educational and moral interests. He was born in Booth Bay, 
Maine, Feb. 20, 1815. son of William and Rhoda (Brown) Emerson, the 
former a native of Salem, Mass., and the latter of Booth Bay, Maine. 

The founder of the family in this country was Thoams Emerson of Ips- 
wich, Mass., who came to this country from England in 1636. The Emer- 
sons in America of this branch were scholars, and many of them noted for 
their learning. 

Edward Emerson, the grandfather of Thomas Jefferson Emerson, was 
a native of Massachusetts and a brother of the grandfather of Ralph Waldo' 
Emerson. Another brother, Joseph, was a minister, and one of the early grad- 
uates of Harvard University. Edward Emerson was a Revolutionary sol- 
dier and colonel of a regiment which he helped to raise. After the Revolu- 
tion he removed to Maine, where he accumulated considerable property, and 
at his death left several good farms to his children. He died when upwards of 
sixty years of age, and was buried in Booth Bay, Maine. His wife, whose 
maiden name was Thompson, was of Scotch descent, and lived to be upwards 
of ninety years of age. 

\\'illiam Emerson was an elder in the Baptist Church, and was twice elect- 
ed to the Legislature of Maine. At one time he was proposed as a candidate 
for the United States Senate. In his later years he removed to Newcastle, 
Maine, where he died in 1850, aged seventy-three years. His wife survived 
him one year, and was seventy-five years old at the time of her demise. The 
boys of this family took to the sea, making many long voyages, and Samuel 
traveled to the West Indies, and was afterwards a soldier in the war of 1812. 
Of the ten children of Mr. and Mrs. Emerson, our subject is the only living 
child. The maternal grandfather of our subject, John Brown, was a sea- 
captain, who married in the West Indies, and died in middle life. 

Thomas Jefiferson Emerson was reared in Booth Bay, Maine, and re- 
mained on the farm until eighteen or nineteen years of age. He then starteid 
to learn the carpenter's trade and architecture. Longing for a 1:)etter educa- 
tion, as soon as he had served his apprenticeship, he attended a seminary for 
two years, and then entered Bowdoin College. One year later he took up the 
study of law with John S. Abbott, of Puritan stock, and regarded as one of the 
foremost lawyers of Maine, and was admitted to the Bar under Superior Judge 


\\'estnn in 1840. He then gratified a desire to visit the West. He subsequently 
went to Chicago, 111., whence he traveled down the Mississippi, and met 
Stephen A. Douglas and a Mr. Parker near Peoria, but did not find an agree- 
able place to locate. Douglas advised to him to go to Springfield, but as 
business was still unsettled from the panic of 1837. things did not suit Mr. 
Emerson there, and he was consequently advised to locate in Wisconsin. He 
visited ^Mineral Point, but a lawyer by the name of Dunn advised him to go 
to a place called Snake Hollow. This Mr. Emerson did, and there opened an 
office. The village was soon afterward organized, and the name changed to 
Potosi by Mr. Emerson. He was elected president of the village board, and 
was largely instrumental in starting various business enterprises in the town. 
There he remained three years, and during his residence there was married. 
His wife, however, did not like the village, and Mr. Emerson consequentlv vis- 
ited Milwaukee and Racine, finally concluding to locate in the latter place. Here 
he was cordially received by a lawyer named Marshal Strong, to whom Mr. 
Emerson had letters. His first client in Racine was a man from the East.' 
whom he met at the hotel at which he was stopping. After opening his office 
Mr. Emerson was elected a justice of the peace. He practiced law for twelve 
years, becoming very successful. 

By this time Mr. Emerson had accumulated $30,000, and he purchased 
7,000 acres of land, just above Green Bay, before it had been surveved. For 
this land Mr. Emerson paid $2.50 per acre, and he later sold it at enough of 
an advance to cover its cost and the amount of the taxes and improvements. On 
account of this purchase Mr. Emerson had discontinued the practice of law, 
and was appointed Internal Revenue Collector, a position he held four years, 
this being during Lincoln's administration. He later erected an oil mill and 
built up a large business. Since that time ;\Ir. Emerson has lived retired and 
looked after his property interests here. 

On May 20, 1843, Mr. Emerson married Miss Eliza Woodman, daughter 
of Joshua and Sallie (Smith) Woodman, and to this union have been born 
these children: (i) Helen Edith died aged twenty-six. (2) William T.. born 
July 23. 1848, died Aug. 29, 1897. He had grown to manhood in Racme, had 
attended the public schools and had finished the freshman year at the Racine 
College in 1867, at which time he entered the sophomore class of the Univer- 
sity of Michigan, taking the literary and scientific course, from which he was 
graduated in 1870. Having shown great proficiency in engineering, he was 
selected by the Government to assist in the coast survey of the Great Lakes, 
and such was his success, that the department made strong efiforts to retain hi's 
services. He declined, however, to remain in the Government's employ, but 
determined to follow a professioon, and consequently, in 1871, took up the 
study of law and was admitted to the Bar in 1873. The active practice of law 
not proving quite to his taste, he was persuaded by his father to assist him in 
the management of the Emerson Linseed Oil Company. This position he con- 
tinued to hold until his death. As a man of unquestionable probity and sound 
judgment, he ranked high, and success in those enterprises to which he gave 
his thought and personal attention seemed assured from the start. (3) Charles 
\\ ., lives at home, and during the life of his father's oil business was made 


treasurer, a position he held for twenty-five years. He married INIiss Lucy 

The founder of the Woodman family in America came from England in 
1632, settling in New Hampshire. Mrs. Emerson's grandfather, on the pa- 
ternal side, was Joshua Woodman, native of New Hampshire, and a large 
farmer of that State. During the Revolution he was captain of a company 
which he had raised. He married Lois Woodman, and died aged about eighty 
years. Joshua Woodman, the father of Mrs. Emerson, was also a farmer of 
New Hampshire, and he and his wife had these children: Daniel S., a physi-, 
cian ; Joshua, a merchant ; Dana, a farmer and business man ; Sarah and 
Lois, both deceased; Susan, also deceased (Mrs. Nath. Hart) ; and Mrs. Emer- 
son. Mrs. Emerson was born- Eeb. 14, 1810, and is now past her ninety-fifth 
year. Although having attained this great age Mrs. Emerson attends to her 
needlework and other household duties as one many years younger. She is a 
lady of brilliant attainments, is highly educated and is a Latin, Greek, Italian, 
French and Spanish scholar. She is a graduate of the New Hampton Semi- 
nary, and at one time conducted a seminary at Parson Field, where she had 
classes in Spanish, Italian and French. 

Mrs. Emerson is a Daughter of the American Revolution. Mr. Emerson 
has always been a constant attendant of the Presbyterian Church and was a 
trustee for forty years. He is a man of estimable character and pleasing per- 
sonalitv, and has many friends thniughout the county. 

HIRAM NEWMAN, a very highly esteemed citizen of Mt. Pleasant 
township, Racine county, is now engaged in cultivating the soil in Section 12. 
He was born in Greene county, N. Y., near Coxsackie, Sept. 9, 1831, son of 
Shubel and Affa (Losie) Newman, natives of that county, and is the only 
one living of their three children. 

The Newmans were originally of Connecticut stock. The paternal 
grandfather of our subject, Aaron Newman, was a native of Greene county, 
N. Y., and lived in the village of Greenville, where he followed farming, and 
died at an advanced age. His wife, whose maiden name was Thorn, bore) 
him a large family. 

On the maternal side our subject is a grandson of Hiram Losie, also a 
farmer of Greene county. N. Y. He died in middle age, while his wife, who 
bore the maiden name of Affa Deo, and was of French descent, lived some 
years after. They also had a large family. 

Shubel Newman followed farming in New York State nearlv all of his 
life. He came West and located in Chicago, living with a daughter there 
initil his death, in 1876, wdien sixty-eight years of age: his first wife passed 
away in 1840, when thirty years old. Both were Baptists. His second wife 
was Ann Losie, sister of his first, and of the three children born to the second 
union only one is now living, Fidelia, the wife of Wallice Jennings, who 
makes her residence in Brooklyn, New York. 

Hiram Newman was reared in Greene county on his father's farm, and 
attended the district schools and Green's Academy. He then taught school 
for six or seven years, spending four years thus in Nev.- York, one year in 
Ohio, and three terms in Wisconsin. He came to the latter State in iS^v 


settling in the western part of Alt. Pleasant township, taught school for two 
winters, and then went to farming, purchasing a tract of forty acres, upon 
which he operated for six years. This land he then sold and purchased 160 
acres, the farm upon which he now resides, having continued to live on this 
place for about forty-five years. It is located about four miles from the post 
office and is one of the fine farms of the township, being well improved with 
substantial, modern farm buildings, and well supplied with modern ma- 

In March, 1857, ^^^'- Newman married Miss Elizabeth Gordon, daugh- 
ter of Roswell and Katie (Stuart) Gordon, and three children were born to 
this union: Ella married Robert E. Jones, and now resides in Milwaukee; 
Miss Emma, who lives at home, has followed teaching for several years ; 
Herbert, who is now deceased, married Mary Perkins, a teacher, of Bur- 
lington, Wis. ; Herbert Newman also taught for some years. Mrs. Elizabeth 
(Gordon) Newman died in 1863, aged thirty-six years. She was a Baptist. 
Mr. Newman was married (second) in January, 1864, to Miss Hattie 
Ouackenbush, daughter of Frederick and Nancy (Dorn) Quackenbush, the 
former of whom came from New York State while Wisconsin was a terri- 
tory and Southport (now Kenosha) a small village. There were no rail- 
roads, the trip being made by canal and the Great Lakes, and the Ouacken- 
bushes settled in Kenosha county. Both Mr. and Mrs. QuackenbusJi died 
when comparatively young, he when fifty-one and she when forty-three. 
leaving four small children. Hattie, who was the oldest daughter, taught 
school for a number of years before her marriage to Mr. Newman. One 
daughter was born to this marriage, Marie, who married Rev. Clyde Magee, 
a Congregational minister, and lives at Clinton Junction. She is a graduate 
of Racine High School and also of the Northwestern School of Oratory, 
and Rev. Mr. Magee is a graduate of Ann Arbor University and of Chicago 

Mr. and Mrs. Newman are members of the Baptist Church, in whicli 
he is serving as deacon. Politically he is a Republican, and for two years 
was chairman of the town of Mt. Pleasant, also serving a number of years as 
supervisor. In the early days he served the town as superintendent. 

THOMAS HAY, a prominent contractor and builder of Racine. Wis., 
residing at No. 13 14 Thurston avenue, was born in Raymond township. Ra- 
cine county. May 3. 1864. son of John and Hannah Bottomley Brown 
Hay. natives of England. 

Andrew Hay. the paternal grandfather, was a native of Alnwick. 
Northumberland, England, where he died. The maternal grandfather was 
Edwin Bottomley, a native of Yorkshire, England, who came from that 
country to America in 1842, and settled in the town of Rochester. Racine 
Co., Wis., engaging in farming. He died there Nov. 17. 1850. aged forty- 
one years. His wife was Martha (Jessup) Bottomley. and they had a fam- 
ily of .seven children, as follows: Thomas. Cecelia. Ruth, Selina, Arminal, 
Mary and Hannah. 

John Hay. father of Thomas, came to America in 1843, when a ynung 
man. and settled in the town of RaynKmd. where he purchased a farm of 163 


acres, which he improved. His children were all born and reared there. He 
died Aug. 31. 1870. on tliis farm, aged forty-six years and five months, 
while his wife passed away Oct. 4. 1893. aged sixty-five years. Both were 
originally Bible Christians, and later Alethodists. Of their ten children, six 
are now living : Martha, the wife of William Gooder, of Pleasant Green, 
Kans. : Jane, the wife of George Ball, of Yorkville township; Margaret, the 
wife of Mark Foxwell, of Racine; Thomas, our subject; Henry D., of York- 
ville township ; and Alfred E., of St. Ignace, Mich. Of the others, Andrew 
died May i. 1894, and Edwin in October, 1899. The mother of this family 
was twice married, her first husband, Mr. Brown, dying of typhoid fever 
shortly after their marriage. 

Thomas Hay was reared on his father's farm in Raymond township, 
and lived at home until seventeen years of age, when he went to learn the 
carpenter's trade, which he has followed ever since. For the past fourteen 
years he has done contracting and building, and has been very successful in 
his chosen work. He came to Racine in 1887. and here he has since resided. 
On Dec. 25, 1889, Mr. Hay was married to Miss Edith G. Skewes, daughter 
of Hannibal and Eliza (Phillips) Skewes, and four children have been born 
to this union : Warren Skewes, Harrold Phillips, Cyril Bottomley and 
Thomas Tamblyn. Mr. and Mrs. Hay are members of the First M. E. 
Church, of which he is a steward. Politically he is a Republican. 

The parents of Mrs. Hay were natives of England, and, on coming to 
America at an early day, settled in Yorkville, Racine Co.. \\'is., where Mr. 
Skewes engaged in farming and school teaching. He still lives in that town- 
ship, while his wife died in 1903, aged sixty-three years. He was town chair- 
man for many years. Both he and his wife joined the Methodist Church, 
and he was a local preacher. They had two daughters and three sons : 
Edith G.. the wife of our subject, Edward, Manly T., Clinton H. and Lil- 
lian A. 

JASON LOTHROP, a real estate dealer of Kenosha, who has been a res- 
ident of the locality for over sixty years, is probably the oldest man in busi- 
ness in the city, for although he is over eighty-six years of age he is still active 
in the real estate line and often does surveving. He was born in Newport, 
Herkimer Co., N. Y.. Jan. 13, 1820, son of Jason and Susan (Judkins) 

Jason Lothrop, the elder, was the son of John Lothrop, a Vermont farmer, 
who moved to Massachusetts, where the son was born in 1794. His mother 
was a native of Wales. Mr. and Mrs. John Lothrop had a family of nine sons 
and four daughters. Jason Lothrop taught school in New Hampshire in his 
young manhood, but afterward became a Baptist preacher, and followed that 
vocation until a few years before his death, when his health failed. He married 
Miss Susan Judkins. born in Danbury, N. H., daughter of Obediah Judkins, 
also of New Hampshire, who was a descendant in the seventh generation from 
John Rogers, the English martyr. Susan Judkins was one of three children, 
two daughters and one son. To the union of Jason and Susan J. Lothrop were 
born three children: Jason; Susan H.. Mrs. Burr, of Kenosha; and Lucien, 

S^U>^-?n^ ^^pt^Piyi^ 


In 1835 Jason Lothrop, Sr., who had heen residing in New York State 
for some years, jomed the stream of pioneers pouring westward, and reaching 
Wisconsin settled on the present location of Kenosha, Aug. 15, 1835. He was 
accompanied by all of his family, except the elder son. At that date there were 
but three log huts in the vicinity, known then as Pike River. Mr. Lothrop 
staked off a claim and built a cabin where the foundry now stands, but after 
a year there he moved onto a farm a little less than a mile distant. After some 
time he left this location too, and took a farm lying along the Illinois line. His 
last years were spent in the town of Kenosha, where he died in 1870, his wire 
following him to the grave two years later. Mr. Lothrop at one time filled the 
office of county surveyor. 

Jason Lothrop, son of Jason, spent most of his boyhood in Oswego, N. Y., 
where he went to the public schools until lie was twelve years old, and after- 
ward he attended a night school. In the latter he obtained his first knowledge of 
surveying. When his father went West he remained behind until 1843, m 
that year joining the family in Kenosha, or Southport, as it was then called, 
where he did contracting. He was concerned in many of the early enterprises 
in that region, built the first side-wheel dredge on the Wisconsin river, as w'ell 
as the first crane dredge on Lake Michigan, and surveyed the first lots in 
Muskegon, Mich. Surveying was one of his chief occupations for many years, 
and one which he has never entirely given up. Another work of which he had 
charge was the building of a lock in the Fox river, at Fort Winnebago, and 
to his other interests he added the management for a number of years of a 
furniture store in Kenosha. Throughout his life he has displayed a tireless 
energy, honesty in business matters, careful foresight, and resourcefulness of 
mind, which have made him one of the most honored and respected citizens of 
Kenosha, and have also enabled him to acquire a competence which more than 
secures his comfort in his old age. 

In 1842 occurred the union of Jason Lothrop and Miss Jane Burnside. 
Their married life covered a period of forty-three years, Mrs. Lothrop dying 
in 1885. She was an Episcopalian in religious belief. The issue of this mar- 
riage was three sons and three daughters, namely : Donna Maria, James- 
Eustace, Jason, Jr., Ida, Charles S. and Susie. The eldest son, James Eustace 
Lothrop, took up his father's business of building dredges, and was for a long 
time employed by the government. He died Jan. 30, 1891. leaving a wife, 
wliose maiden name was Martha Cora Patterson, and three children : Maud, 
who married George Duvall, a general merchant of Kewaunee. Wis., and has 
two children, Gladys and Clarence; Frank, traveling passenger agent for the 
Southern Pacific Railroad Company, with residence at Los Angeles. Cal. : and 
Lotta C. who married James Millar, prominent in the real estate, insurance 
and loan business, and has two children, Marjorie and David. Mrs. Martha 
Cora Lothrop resides with her daughter, Mrs. Millar. Jason Lothrop, Jr., 
was for many years a sub-marine blaster, and was killed while at work 
through the carelessness of a helper; he married Miss Ada Parsons. Charles 
S. Lothrop is a conductor on the St. Paul railroad, and holds the office of 
vice-president in the Conductors' and Engineers' Association; he married a 
Mrs. Mills. Susie was a teacher in the public schools of Kenosha in 1877 
and 1878. and died Sept. 19, 1878, one month before completing her nine- 


teenth year. 'Sir. Luthrui) has recently arranged tu have a pipe organ placed in 
Henry AI. Simmons Memorial Church of Kenosha as a memorial of this 
daughter. The other two children died in infancy. 

Mr. Lothrop's political ideas have been subject to de\elopment. In liis 
early days he was a Whig; afterward he was a Free Soiler, but since the or- 
ganization of the Republican party he has adhered to its principles. Early in 
the forties he was made county surveyor, and with the exception of two 
terms filled that ofifice continuously up to a few years ago. Mr. Lothrop has 
seen Kenosha develop almost from its very beginning, and has always had 
great faith in its future. He is considered one of the best authorities living 
on the early history of Kenosha county, for his accurate memory still remains 
unimpaired. An instance of his natural power in this line is the fact that 
while Mr. Lothrop was but six years old when he began the study of Hebrew 
and Greek, and never continued those branches in his maturer years, he has 
still a considerable vocabulary in toth languages. He is still an active, ener- 
getic man in spite of his years. He has four great-grandchildren. 

Mrs. Susan H. (Lothrop) Burr, a sister of Jason Lothrop, is an older 
pioneer even than her brother in point of residence, for she preceded him to 
Kenosha county by eight years, being about eleven years of age when her 
father moved there in 1835. Seven years later she returned to Oswego, N. 
Y., her old home, where she remained until after her marriage, Sept. 20, i860, 
to David B. Burr. They settled in Oneida county, X. Y., where Mr. Burr 
died seven years afterward, leaving three children, namely : Edwin B. and 
William G., who have a large plumbing establishment in Kenosha ; and Rob- 
ert H., a dealer in commutation railroad tickets, now residing in Pasadena, 
Cal. The last named married Miss Eva Thomas, and has four children, 
Florence, Jessie. Frank and Irene. After the death of her husband Mrs. Burr 
remained in the East for some time, in 1886 returning permanently to Ke- 

Mrs. Burr wields a facile pen, and a few years ago prepared a paper 
which she read before the Ladies' Society of the Baptist Church of Kenosha, 
on reminiscences of pioneer life in Kenosha county, which proved her rare 
ability as a writer. She recently celebrated her eightieth birthday, but is still 
cjuite vigorous for one of her age, although she had the misfortune to have 
one of her arms dislocated some time ago, and has lost the use of it as it was 
never properly set. But her mind is clear, her memory good, and she is a 
woman of fine conversational powers, being a great reader and possessing an 
unusually large vocabulary. Her recollections of the trials and hardships of 
the pioneer days of the county would make an interesting chapter, portray- 
ing as well the joys and pleasures and strong friendships of those early times, 
while she has a charm of manner in relating these things that captivates the 

FRANCIS COX. Among the prominent and influential citizens of Ra- 
cine county, Wis., may be mentioned Francis Cox, who is carrying on agri- 
cultural operations in Section 15, Dover township. His birth occurred in 
Dover township. May 11, 1846, and he is a son of Francis and Rose (Xolan) 


Cox, natives of Ireland, the former of County Fermanagh, and the latter of 
County Tyrone. 

Francis Cox"s paternal grandfather was also a native of Ireland, where 
he died at an advanced age. His wife was Margaret Higgins. The maternal 
grandfather died in his native country, Ireland, in his youth. He and his wife 
had five children, all of whom are now deceased. 

Francis Cox, the father of our subject, was a farmer in his native coun- 
try, and on coming to America first settled in New Jersey, whence he re- 
moved in 1841 to Wisconsin, locating in Dover township, where he pur- 
chased a farm of eighty acres, and added to this tract from time to time until 
he at length owned 360 acres. The homestead was situated in Section 15, 
and here Mr. Cox lived until his death, in May, 1865, aged fifty-six years. 
His widow survived him until May, 1874, passing away when sixty-three 
years old. Both were members of the Catholic Church. They had six children : 
James, deceased: Ellen, the wife of Philip McManus, of Dover township; 
John H., of Dover township; Margaret, deceased, who was the wife of 
Charles McManus, of Dover township; Ann Jane, of Racine; and Francis. 

Francis Cox received his education in the district schools of Dover town- 
ship, where he has passed his whole life. After his fathers death he operated 
the home farm, and now owns the original homestead, consisting- of 160 
acres, having divided 160 acres between his sons James Stephen and Francis 
W. In 1868 Mr. Cox married Miss Julia McManus, daughter of Hugh and 
Ann (Welch) McManus, and ten children were born to this union: James 
Stephen, Francis W., Hugh, Philip John, Charles Thomas, Mary Ann, X^elia 
Jane, Catherine Ellen, Peter Edward and Eugene Oswald. James Stephen 
married Mary L. Gorman, and they have two children, Verna Marv, and 
Leta Catherine. Francis W. married Margaret E. Quirk; Hugh was killed 
by the cars in 1902, when twenty-eight years old. Philip John was in the 
laundry business in Chicago for some time, and also followed school teach- 
ing. Charles Thomas, a telegraph operator at Zenda, Walworth Co., Wis., 
married Florence Earl. Mary Ann is at home. Celia Jane died aged eight 
years. Catherine Ellen and Peter Edward are at home. Eugene Oswald 
died when aljout four years of age. 

Mrs. Cox died June i, 1897, aged forty-eight years. She was a faith- 
ful member of the Catholic Church, to which Mr. Cox also adheres. Po- 
litically he is a Democrat, and he was township chairman several years, town- 
ship assessor four years, and clerk for some time. He is president of the 
Dover and Norway Mutual Fire Insurance Company. 

HIRAM RITTER, one of the substantial business men and representa- 
tive citizens of Racine, Wis., carries on an extensive merchant tailoring busi- 
ness at No. 322 Main street. He was born in Nodtfelden, Germany, Ivlay 22, 
1833. son of Dietrich and Katherine (Fricke) Ritter, natives of Germany. 

Dietrich Ritter was a tailor and and musician, and his death occurred in 
Germany in 1846, when he was aged fifty-two years. He was a soldier in 
the regular army. He and his wife were of the Lutheran faith. Thev had 
three sons and three daughters, and of these children those who are living 


are: William, of r^linnesota ; Katrina, wife of John Miller, of Minnesota; 
and Hiram. 

Hiram Ritter resided in Germany until his nineteenth year. There he 
attended the schools and when twelve years old began to learn the tailoring 
trade. In 1852 he came to America, settling in Galveston, Texas, where he 
remained for nearly a year, then coming to Racine, Wis., where he has lived 
ever since, and where he has been very successful in business. In 1863 he 
opened a shop, in partnership with John Peil and Charles Schmeiser, the firm 
name being Ritter, Peil & Schmeiser, and as such it continued until 1874, 
when Messrs. Ritter and Schmeiser bought out Mr. Peil's interest, and con- 
tinued together until 1888, in which year Mr. Ritter bought out Mr. 
Schmeiser. He continued the business alone until 1894, when he admitted 
his son. Jerome, as a partner, and the firm has since been Ritter & Son. 

In 1864 Mr. Ritter married Miss Fredricka Wilhelmsen, daughter of 
Conrad and Charlotte (Schrager) Wilhelmsen, of An Hargen, Hanover. 
Four children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Ritter, as follows : Matilda, at 
home ; William, deceased, who married Callie Cable, and had one child, 
Florence; Louise, a stenographer of Chicago, and Jerome, with his father in 
the tailoring business, and married to Amelia Keiser. Mr. and Mrs. Ritter 
and their family are members of the Lutheran Church. Mr. Ritter belonged 
to the Wisconsin State militia in the early days, and was a musician under 
Captain Wustum. Politically he is a Republican. In 1862 he enlisted in the 
Civil war, but was rejected because he was not considered strong enough 
to undergo the hardships of the service. Mr. Ritter resides in his residence 
at No. 1 1 1 5 Grand avenue. 

ELMER ALEXANDER MAXWELL, a prominent farmer of Somers 
township, Kenosha county, Wis., residing on a large estate located in Sections 
33 and 34, was born June 6. 1865. in that township, the only child of Hon. 
\\' alter S. and Anna A. (Robinson) Maxwell. 

Alexander Maxwell, father of W'alter S. Maxwell, was born Jan. 24, 
1809. in Washington county, N. Y., a son of Walter Maxwell, who was born 
in Scotland and was a very early pioneer in Washington county. He mar- 
ried Jean Alexander, a native of Glasgow, Scotland, who accompanied her 
father, Robert Alexander, to New York when she was but ten years old. There 
Alexander Maxwell was born and lived, after his marriage purchasing the 
interest of the other heirs and succeeding to the ownership of the homestead. 
There were six sons and four daughters in the family of Alexander 
Maxwell. Walter S. being the third child. Five of the sons were 
stanch Republicans. Robert A. being the only one to embrace the doctrines of 
the Democratic party. He resides at Batavia. N. Y.. and in 1895 was elected 
fourth assistant postmaster-general. 

Hon. Walter S. Maxwell was born Sept. 12. 1836, in Washington 
county. N. Y., and ahvays followed agricultural life. His boyhood was spent 
on his father's farm, and his education was liberal for his time, including a 
period of attendance at the State Normal School, after which he engaged for 
a time in teaching. He came to Wisconsin unmarried, in 1850. and worked 
for several years by the month, providently saving his wages until he was able 

^ /M^ --^^ 

(5. ?f. AC^-^L^u.^^ 


to buy land, to which he added until he owned 310 acres in Somers township, 
Kenosha county. He died at Superior, Wis., Aug. 17, 1S95, when past 
fifty-eight years of age. He was a consistent maiiber of the Congregational 
Church. Dvu'ing the many years which Mr. Maxwell passed in Kenosha 
county he gained the respect and esteem of a large number of his fellow- 
citizens. After coming to this state besides farming, he devoted himself to 
operating a stone cjuarry for some years, at Superior, Wis., owned by the 
Arcadian Stone Company, of which he was manager as well as treasurer. 
He became a very prominent factor in political life, and at various times filled 
offices of great responsibility. In i860 he cast his first vote for President for 
Abraham Lincoln and continued to affiliate with the Republican party until 
his decease. For ten consecutive years he served as supervisor of the town 
board of Somers township, was elected its chairman one year, and for one 
year was chairman of the county board. In 1877 he was elected to the State 
Legislature, and so completely did he perform the duties of that office that 
in 1 88 1 he was re-elected, and again w-as honored in 1883. Durnig this period 
he served as chairman of the Educational Committee and was a member of 
many other important committees. In 1884 Mr. Maxwell was elected to the 
State Senate, where he served for four years with credit to himself and to his 
district, earning the commendation of his contemporaries of his own and the 
opposite party on account of the honesty of his public actions. In every emer- 
gency of both public and private life his friends and his fellow-citizens knew 
just where to find him, and the attachments both of a public and a personal 
nature were many and close. 

Mr. Maxwell was thrice married, first to Anna A. Robinson, of Easton, 
Washington Co., N. Y., who died in 1874. She was a member of the Con- 
gregational Church. Mr. Maxw-ell's second marriage was to Anna A. Green- 
baum, a native -of Connecticut, who lived but two years afterward; his third 
wife was Cornelia McLean, of W^ashington county, New York. 

Elmer Alexander Maxwell has spent his life mainly on the home farm 
in Section 34, Somers township. His education was secured in the district 
schools, in the Kenosha high school and also in a commercial college at Osh- 
kosh. He was married Nov. 22, 1893, to Miss Fannie Caborn, daughter of 
Richard and Mary (Carter) Caborn, and they have had five children, viz.: 
Elsie, Walter, Levergne, Jean, and one that died in infancy. 

Richard Caborn, father of Mrs. Maxwell, was born in England, and came 
to America with his father when a boy of twelve years, growing to manhood 
in Racine county, where he married. He was a soldier during the Civil war 
and died at the Soldiers' Home in Milwaukee. His wife died in 1892, aged 
fifty-six years. They had four sons and two daughters, namely : William. 
of Colorado ; Martha Ann, wife of Frank Pounder, of Delavan. Wis. : Le- 
vergne, of Ipswich, S. Dak.; Charles, of the above place; Fannie, wife of 
Mr. Maxw^ell, and Roy, of Assiniboia, Canada. John Caborn. the paternal 
grandfather of Mrs. Maxwell, was one of the earliest settlers in Racine 
county and died in Mt. Pleasant township in old age. He was twice married. 
Her maternal grandfather was Mason Carter, a native of New York, a farmer 
by occupation. He came to W^isconsin in its early days of settlement and died 


at Darien, Wis., when over eighty years of age. He married Ehza AlcLean, 
\viio also H\'Cil to advanced age. 

Pohtically Mr. Maxwell is a Repnl)lic;in, hnt he has not been willing to 
accept political honors, choosing rather to gi\e his attention to the further de- 
velopment of his fine farm, one of the best in the township. He is, howexer, 
a good citizen, and is always to be counted on to forward progressive niove- 
inents looking to the general welfare of the neighborhood. Fraternally he 
belongs to the order of Modern \\'oodmen of America. Mrs. Maxwell is a 
member of the Baptist Church, to which Air. Maxwell liberally contributes. 

HENRY C. \VILLL\MS, who was born in Yorkville township, Racine 
•county, Sept. i, 1848, is one of the pioneers of the region and has perhaps a 
wider personal acquaintance throughout that section than any other one man, 
"while his genial disposition has won him everywhere a popularity most flat- 
tering. His public spirit has added to this and made his position yet more 
assured, for his fellow-citizens have been quick to perceive and realize how 
many enterprises looking toward the general prosperity have been promoted 
by Mr. Williams, the several public positions he has filled having all been 
used as opportunities to further the improx'ement and development of the 

Air. Williams is the son of John and Elizalieth (Ivy) Williams, and on 
toth sides is of English descent. The paternal grandfather, Henry Williams, 
a farmer, died in the old country, when advanced in years. The maternal 
grandfather lived on a farm in Cornwall, where he raised his family, and 
where he died in old age : the maiden name of his wife was Burrall. Several 
of their sons were seafaring men, and two of their grandsons were officers 
in the British navy. 

John ^^"illiams was a farmer and stock raiser and came to Wisconsin in 
1842. He settled first in Southport, now Kenosha, but about 1842 moved 
into Yorkville township, Racine county, where he took up eighty acres of 
Government land, adding to it until he owned 295 acres. He brought up his 
family there and made it his home until his death, in 1878, at the age of 
.seventy-three years. His wife died in 1873, aged sixty-three. Both were 
members of the Episcopal Church. Four children composed their family. 
viz.: Elizabeth, deceased wife of Thomas Jones; Thomas I., of Chicago; 
Eliza, who died at the age of twentv-two vears; and Henrv C. of Union 

Henry C. ^^'illiams was raised in Yorkville township, on his father's 
farm, now his own property, and was educated in the district schools. He 
also has another farm in Yorkville township, at present owning 205 acres. 
He lived on the old place till 1884, when he built on the second farm a hand- 
some residence and other buildings, and now has one of the finest improved 
farms in the township. In 1894 he rented his farm, moved into the village 
of Union Grove and establi.shed his present mercantile business. He had 
been employed in the same line for other people in his younger days and bad 
thus acquired an experience which was of much help in his later venture, and 
which laid the foundation for his success. He does a large business in agri- 
cultural implements and seeds. 


Mr. Williams, who is a strong Democrat, has been actively connected 
with politics since early manhood, his first office being that of justice of the 
peace, for whicii he was chosen at the age of twenty-two. He served as 
supervisor of the town of Yorkville for eleven years and has been a village 
trustee for Union Grove for five years. He was one of the county board 
of supervisors for three years and tor the past eight years has held the oftice 
of jury commissioner, a record that abundantly testifies to the confidence in 
him felt by his fellow townsmen. He has also been prominently identified 
w ith many of the business enterprises of the town in which he resides, being 
a stockholder in the State Bank of Union Grove, in the Union Grove Land 
and Improvement Company and in the Union Grove and North Cape Tele- 
phone Company. Mr. Williams has in the truest sense grown up with the 
country and has both aided in its development and shared in the attendant 
prosperity. He is an active member of the Old Settlers' Society. 

Mr. Williams has been twice married. His first union, which occurred 
Nov. 28, 1 87 1, was to Miss Adelia M. Lawrence, daughter of Juda Al. and 
Janet (Thompson) Lawrence. Six children were born to that union, \iz. : 
Janet Elizabeth, a milliner in Union Grove; Rock Oscar, who died when four 
years old ; Maud Alma, a school teacher at Ives Grove ; and three that died 
in infancy. Mrs. Adelia M. Williams died in 1888, aged thirty-eight years. 
She was a member of the Methodist Church. Her parents were natives of 
New York State, the father born of English parents and the mother of Scotch. 
They had twelve children. Her paternal grandfather was named Joseph 

Mr. Williams' second marriage took place June 12, 1895, to Mrs. Naomi 
F. Phillips, widow of James Phillips, and daughter of Oscar J. Stilhvell and 
Hester Ann (Werner) Stilhvell. The Stillwells were natives of New York 
State, who were very early settlers in Wisconsin, and now live in Sparta, \\'is. 
He was a soldier in the Civil war. Mrs. Williams is a member of the 'SI. E. 
Church, but her husband is not identified with any denomination. 

CHRISTIAN ANDREWSON, postmaster at North Cape. Wis., and 
one of the enterprising merchants of Norway township, Racine county, is a 
native of Norway, born near Gjovik Aug. 2, 1858, son of Andrew Johansen 
and Tonetta Christianson. natives of that country. The father was a shoe- 
maker of near Gjovik, where he still resides, as does the mother. They are 
members of the Lutheran Church, and the parents of the following chiklren: 
John, of Forest City, Iowa ; Carrie, the w'idow of Olans Andreson, of Chris- 
tiania. Norway; Christian, of North Cape, Wis., Olianna, wife of Jacob 
Sveum, of Norway; Augnetta, wife of Lars Norby, of Gjovik, Norway; 
and Adolph, of North Cape, Wisconsin. 

Christian Andrewson lived in Norway until twenty-two years of age 
and there received a common school education. At the age of sixteen years 
he began learning the shoemaker's trade, which he followed until 1895. He 
came to America in 1880. and settled at North Cape, where he began work- 
ing at his trade, but in 189.S he established the general merchandise business 
in North Cape which he still continues. For some years lie also sold boots 
and shoes in connection with manufacturing them, and likewise did an 


extensive carriage business. Ele has been postmaster at North Cape for 
seven years. 

On Sept. 12, 1885, Mr. Andrewson married Miss Bessie Anderson, 
daughter of Anders Johnson, a native of Sweden, and his wife Carrie. Eour 
chikh-en were born to this union : Clara, who died at the age of fourteen 
years, ten months ; Alfred ; Amanda Christina, and Bessie Amelia. Mr. and 
Mrs. Andrewson are members of the Norwegian Lutheran Church, and he 
has been church trustee for the past nine years, and is superintendent of the 
Sunday School. He belongs to the Modern Woodmen of America, and the 
L'nited Order of Foresters. Politically he is a Repulilican. 

WALTER B. BIRD, of Dover tov.-nship. Racine Co.. Wis., whose fine 
farms are located in Sections 2 and 13, was born on his present homestead 
Dec. 18, 1856, son of William and Catherine (Brice) Bird, the former of 
whom was licjrn near Montreal, Canada, and the latter in Glasgow. Scotland. 

James Bird, the grandfather of Walter B., was a native of Scotland. 
He and his wife had two sons and three daughters. On the maternal side !Mr. 
Bird's grandfather, John Brice, was a native of Scotland, where he died. 
After his death Mrs. Brice came to America and settled in Dover township, 
w'here, after a residence of over fifty years, she died, aged ninety-nine years 
and nine months. She and her husband had four children, and Mr. Brice 
had two children by a former marriage. 

Both W^illiam Bird and his wife were early settlers in Dover township, 
and Mr. Bird on arriving here worked several years at carpentering and 
farming. In 1852 he went to California, via the Isthmus, and abouti854, 
returning to Dover township, purchased 120 acres of land, to which he added 
160 acres near Beaumont, where he made his home. He died there Jan. 14, 
1905, aged eighty-two years. His wife had passed away Feb. 3, 1900, aged 
eighty years, in the faith of the old Scotch Presbyterian Church. Mr. Bird was 
drafted in the Civil war, but managed to get a substitute. Two children were 
born to them, Walter B. and William J. The latter, born July 6, 1859. died 
at Fisher's Landing, Minn., aged twenty-three years. 

Walter B. Bird grew to manhood on the farm which his father settled 
in Section 2, Dover township. He attended the district school and remained 
at home until April, 1903, when he removed to his farm in Section 13, which 
contains 200 acres. Here he remained until April 13, 1906, when he returned 
to his old homestead, and at the present time is operating both farms, which 
comprise 480 acres, all under cultivation. He raises and also deals in cat- 
tle, at present having about ninety head of fine-bred beef cattle. 

On April 15, 1903, Mr. Bird married Miss Margaret Ann McCourt 
daughter of James and Margaret Ann (Whalen) McCourt, and one son 
has been born to this union, James William. Mrs. Bird is a member of the 
Catholic Church. Fraternally he is connected with the ^Masons, and politi- 
cally he is a Republican. 

James McCourt, father of Mrs. Bird, was liorn in Canada, and his wife, 
Margaret Ann Whalen, in Long Island, N. Y., whence her parents in an 
early day came to Racine county, and engaged in farming in Dover township. 
There they lived on Section 28, with three of their children. Mr. and Mrs. 


McCourt had a family of eight suns and th.ree daughters: Margaret Ann, 
Mrs. Bird; Frank; Mary Susannah Ahce, wife of John Morrow; James Ar- 
thur; Gilbert McCauley, deceased; John Michael; William Albert; Edward 
Eugene; Catherine Elizabeth; Charles Leonard; and George Rupert. James 
McCourt, the father, has served as town assessor and town treasurer. Mrs. 
Bird's paternal grandfather, Frank McCourt, came from Canada to Wis- 
consin among the pioneers, and died soon afterward in middle life. His wife 
w-as Susannah McCauley, and they had seven children. 

Patrick Whalen, Mrs. Bird's maternal grandfather, was a native of Ire- 
land. He came to America and lived in the East a number of years, but 
about 1855, with his wife Bridget (Hickey) and four children, came to Wis- 
consin and settled in Dover township. He purchased a farm and died there, 
aged about eighty years. 

CHARLES McMANUS. an honored and well-known retired farmer of 
Dover township, Racine Co., Wis., followed the pursuits of an agricultur- 
ist from boyhood until 1905. He is now the possessor of a line 120-acre 
tract situated on Section 13, Dover township. Mr. McManus was born near 
Montreal, Canada, Dec. 16. 1833, son of Flugh and Ann (Welch) McManus, 
natives of Ireland, the former of County Cavan and the latter from Kil- 

Charles McManus, grandfather of Charles, was a native of County 
Cavan, where he died in middle life. He and his wife lived to advanced age. 
They had three sons and three daughters. Two of the sons, James and Philip, 
died in Albany, New York. 

The maternal grandfather of our subject was Kerron Welch, a native 
of County Kilkenny, Ireland, who died in his native country. He followed 
farming all of his life. His wife was a Miss Fogarty. and she also died in 
Ireland. They had a large family, of whom one daughter and several sons 
came to America. Some settled in Chicago, several in Missouri, and one 
son located in Dover township, Racine Co., Wis., when the State was a Ter- 
ritory, and when Dover township was known as Yorkville township, taking 
up Government land. He married Ellen Dolan, and both lived to a good old 
age; they had no children. He was formerly married in Canada, and had two 
children by that marriage, both of whom died. 

Hugh McManus, the father of Charles, was a miller by occupation. He 
was among the pioneers of Dover township, taking up Government land to 
which he added until he was the owner of 400 acres. The old homestead 
was situated on the southeast corner of Section 14, and there he resided until 
his death, in 1885, at the age of eighty-two years. His wife had passed away 
in 1878, aged about sixty-seven years. Both were members of the Catholic 
Church. Mr. McManus held various public offices when Wisconsin was still 
a Territorv. Mr. and Mrs. Hugh McManus had children as follows : 
Charles; Philip, of Dover township; James, deceased; John, of Dover town- 
ship; Mary A., deceased, who was the wife of Thomas Power; Catherine, 
deceased, who was the wife of John Cox ; and Julia, deceased, who was tlie 
wife of Frank Cox. 

Charles McManus was but ten years old when he came with his parents 


from Oswego, N. Y., to Wisconsin, and he has lived in Dover township evei 
snice, with the exception of three years spent in St. Louis county. He is one 
of the very oldest settlers of Dover township, where he attended the district 
schools, and remained at home until reaching manhood. His father gave him 
a start in life, and he began farming on an eighty-acre tract in Section 13, to 
which he has since added forty more acres. In February, 1867, Mr. Mc- 
Manus married Miss Margaret Cox, daughter of Francis and Rose (Nolan; 
Cox. and eleven children were born to this union, five of whom are now 
living: Hugh F., who died when about fifteen years old; Mary A., who lives 
at home; Catherine, who died in infancy; Margaret, who also died young; 
Rose, who lives at home; Charlotte, who married Henry BefTel, and lives in 
Milwaukee; Julia, who died in early childhood; Charles and Frank, operat- 
ing the homestead ; and John and Edmund, deceased. Mrs. Margaret Mc- 
Manus died May 28, 1902, aged sixty years. She was a member ni the 
Catholic Church, to which faith Mr. McManus also adheres. Politically he 
is a Democrat, and served as town clerk and school clerk for several terms. 
Francis Cox, father of Mrs. McManus, was bom in County Fermanagh, 
Ireland, in 1809, and coming to America settled first in New Jersey. In 
1836 he was married, in New York, to Rose Nolan, of I'ermanagh, 
and they came in 1842 to Wisconsin, landing in Milwaukee in May of that 
year. They took up eighty acres of Government land in Dover township, 
and remained in Milwaukee until September, when the family located at the 
new home. From time to time more land was added to the farm until it com- 
prised 360 acres. Mr. and Mrs. Cox had six children : James, Ellen. John, 
Margaret, Ann Jane and Francis. Of these, James married, Feb. 13, 1S62, 
in Dover township, Bridget Lavin, daughter of Martin Lavin, of Dover, and 
they had eight children. Ellen married Philip McManus. Margaret married 
Charles McManus. Ann Jane resides in Racine. John married in Water- 
ford, in November, 1864, Catherine McManus, and had four chililren. 
Francis married, Nov. 15, 1869, Julia McManus, of Dover township, and has 
se\-en children. All are members of the Catholic Church. 

EDWIN BUCHAN, a highly esteemed resident and large land-owner 
row residing in Union Grove, Racine Co., Wis., owns a 240-acre tract of 
land in Section 14, Dover township, where he was born Dec. 16, 1844. sou 
of Edward and Jane ( Tillie ) Buchan, the former of whom was born in Ball- 
inridge. Scotland, in 1812. 

Edward Buchan, his paternal grandfather, was a native of Scotland, 
and a farmer by occupation. His wife's maiden name was Brown, and they 
had a good-sized family of children, one of whom, Andrew, was a soldier. 

The maternal grandfather was also a native of Scotland, born in Edin- 
burgh. He and his wife came to America just before the war of 1812, and 
settled in Rochester, N. Y., where their daughter Jane was born. While the 
daughter was still a baby they went back to the old country, and there lived 
the residue of their lives. 

Edward and Jane (Tillie) Buchan were married May 15, 1834. bv the 
Rev. Thomas Adams Peebles, and came immediately to the United States. 
Thev lived at Rochester for some time, :Mr. Buchan carrying on milling. 


and in 1839 they came to Chicago, 111., by way of the Great Lakes. They 
lived for some tune at Joliet, HI., whence in 1840 they came to Racine county 
by ox-team, and settling in Dover township purchased eighty acres of Gov- 
ernment land at $1.25 per acre. This land Mr. Buchan improved and added 
120 acres more to it, and here he lived the remainder of his life, dying on the 
old home farm Oct. 10, 1856, aged forty-four years. His widow survived until 
February, 1898, when she passed away in her eighty-sixth year. Mr. and- 
Mrs. Buchan had children as follows : Andrew ; William, deceased ; Oliver, 
of South Chicago ; Mary Jane, wife of George Bremner, of Milwaukee, Wis. ; 
Edwin; Dr. Alfred L., who died in February, 1905; Caroline, widow ot 
Henry W. Wright, of Merrill, Wis.; Dr. Samuel C, of Racine: Thomar* 
George, of Union Grove, Wis. ; and two children who died in infanc}'. Ed- 
ward Buchan and his wife are buried in the Dover and Yorkville cemetery. 
They were members of the Presbyterian Church in which he was an elder. 
Mr. Buchan was a justice of the peace for many years. 

Edwin Buchan spent his entire time on the farm which his father owned 
until Nov. 8, 1905, when he retired and moved to Union Grove. He was 
educated in the district schools, and has spent his life in farming. He added 
to the home farm, and then sold part of it, and now owns the old home and 
240 acres of finely improved land. On Nov. 18, 1869, he married Miss 
Mary S. Rennie, daughter of Alexander and Mary (Campbell) Rennie, and 
five children were born to this union: Frajik E.. Flora D., Jennie F., Mary 
C. and Tillie May. ( i ) Frank E. married Carrie I. Hoyt, of Rochester town- 
ship. (2) Flora D. married Dr. Judson C. Packard, a dentist of Racine, and 
after his death she married (second) Hiram J. Smith, the present postmaster 
of Racine, and a prominent business man of that city. (3) Jennie F. died 
when two and one-half years old. (4) Mary C. who died July 11, 1896. in 
her twentieth year, was bom Sept. 18. 1876. She was a fine musician, per- 
forming with equal skill upon the violin or piano. She was a loving and 
dutiful daughter, of a very happy and cheerful disposition, and her death was 
greatly mourned. (5) Tillie INIay married James Howe Kelley, of Racine, 
Nov. g, 1899. 

Air. and Mrs. Edwin Buchan are members of the Presbyterian Church, 
of Dover township, in which he has served as elder for some years. Frater- 
nally he is connected with Corinthian Lodge, F. & A. M., and is also a mem- 
ber of George B. Lincoln Post, G. A. R., of LInion Grove, being quartermas- 
ter of the post. Politicallv he is a Republican, and he has been a member 
of the board of supervisors for three years and clerk and treasurer of the 
school board for many years. Mr. Buchan enlisted in Company G, i ^T,d HI. 
V. I., and served until the close of the war, being discharged Sept. 18, 1865. 

The grandparents of Mrs. Buchan were all natives of Scotland, as were 
her father and mother, who were born in Ayrshire. 

Mr. and Mrs. Rennie came to America and located in Yorkville tow!i- 
ship, Racine county, among the early settlers, anrl engaged in farming, own- 
ing about four hundred acres. There Mr. Rennie died aged about seventy- 
five years, while the mother passed away in 1874. They had eight children: 
John, deceased; Miss Martha, of Union Grove: Robert, who was n soldier 
in the Civil war and died at Chattanooga ; Alexander, of LTnion Grove : Mary 

i68 cg:m^iemorative biographical record. 

S., the wife of Edwin Buchan; Erank, wlio died in St. Louis; Hugh, who was 
a salesman for Eield & Leiter of Chicago foi" fourteen 3-ears, and is now a 
merchant in the Indian Territory ; and Thomas James, of Union Grove. 

ALBERT E. BUCKMASTER. The legal profession in Kenosha is 
peculiarly fortunate in being represented by able and upright men. Among 
those who deserve especial mention is Albert E. Buckmaster, whose fine record 
adds lustre to his profession, while his public spirit and progress make him a 
most useful citizen. He was born in Fayette. Lafayette county, this State, 
Sept. 6, 1863, son of Benjamin E. and Alsada (Cook) Buckmaster. The 
family name originated in Scotland, where it was found on a castle as early 
as 1314. 

Albert E. Buckmaster grew to manhood on the farm in Lafayette coun- 
ty. He attended the district schools, and later the Darlington high school, 
from which he was graduated in 1881. For four or five years he engaged in 
teaching and then entered the State University at Madison, graduating in the 
class of 1889, in the English Classical course. He then accepted the principal- 
ship of the schools of West Salem, and remained in that position three years. 
Long before this he had determined to enter the legal profession, and when 
he left West Salem it was to enter itpon his professional studies in the Univer- 
sity of Wisconsin. He attained high rank in his law class work, and was the 
first president of the Columbian Law Society. He was admitted to the Bar 
in 1894, and at once opened his office in Kenosha, where he has since been 
actively engaged in practice. It was not long before he demonstrated his 
ability in his chosen calling, and he won the regard of the older practitioners 
by his conscientious work. For five terms he ser\-ed most acceptably as 
district attorney. In niatters outside of his profession, too, he has taken an 
active part, and is found at the front in all movements for the public good. 
He has been a member of the Soldiers' Relief Commission for several vears, 
and is a member of the board of directors of the Y. M. C. A. He is also a 
member of the directorate of the Masonic Temple, and treasiu"er of the 

On Dec. 22, 1891. Mr. Buckmaster was united in marriage with Miss 
Nellie Stalker, daughter of Dr. H. J. and Ellen M. (iNIacNeill) Stalker, of 
Mauston, Wis. Three sons have come to this union: Ben, Dean and Bruce. 
Mr. and INIrs. Buckmaster are members of the Congregational Church. 

Fraternally he belongs to Kenosha Lodge, No. 47. F. & A. ^I.. and R. 
A. M. Chapter No. 3. Politically he is a Republican. The family liome is 
at Xn. 463 Exchange street. 

THOMAS LLOYD WILLIAMS, a prominent Welsh resident of Ra- 
cine. Wis., now living retired, was for many years connected with the political 
and business interests of this city. He was born in Dyffryn, Merionethshire, 
North Wales, in December, 1830, son of Capt. Evan and Catherine (Lloyd") 

Cadwallader Williams, the grandfather of Thomas L.. was a farmer. 
He was a native of Wales, and lived to an advanced age; his wife's name was 
Barbara. His grandmother on his maternal side attained her eightv-cighth 


year, while his g-reat-grandmother attained the great age of ninety-nine years. 
Cadwallader Wilhams was the son of VVihiam Ap Robert and the grandson of 
Robert Evans. Evan Wilhams, father of Thomas L., was a sea captain, and 
his sons and a brother were of the same occupation. He made a number of 
trips to America, but retained his home in Wales, where he died in 1849, aged 
fifty-eight years. His wife passed away in 1838, at the age of thirty-nine. 
They were Welsh Presbyterians. 

Thomas Lloyd Williams is the only living member of his father's family 
of seven children. He remained in Wales until his nineteenth year and re- 
ceived a common school education there, after which he was apprenticed to 
learn the draper's trade, which he followed at Carnarvon and Liverpool. 
Emigrating to America in 1850, he located in Racine and engaged in general 
merchandising for twenty years, after which he worked in the woolen mills 
for about twelve years. He then served as city assessor for three years, and 
as supervisor in the Second ward for four years, since which time he has 
lived retired. 

In 1868 Mr. Williams married Mrs. Catherine Owen, of Wales, daugh- 
ter of John and Jane (Williams) Lloyd, the former being a carpenter and 
farmer who settled in Racine in 1842. To this union one daughter, Barbara, 
has been born. Mr. and Mrs. Williams are members of the Welsh Presby- 
terian Church. Politically he is a Republican. Since his residence in Racine 
Mr. Williams has made three trips to Wales, to visit his old home, where he 
has many relatives. Mr. Williams is by long residence and business career 
regarded as a prominent and representative man of Racine. He- is a gentle- 
man of high character, genial and aiTable, and is a recognized leader among 
the Welsh people of the city. He wields a trenchant pen and does consider- 
able writing for the Drych, a Welsh paper published in Utica, N. Y. As to 
his connection with the Welsh Presbyterian Church, it may be stated, more 
in detail, that he has served it as a Sunday-school teacher for the past fifty 
years, has been secretary and trustee of the church for many years, and one 
of its most active workers. Striking proofs that he has the entire confidence 
of the community are the facts that he has settled as many estates as any man 
in the county, and that he is so frequently called upon for personal advice in 
the settlement of complications of every nature. His absolute integrity, his 
impartiality, liis patience and good judgmetn, and his active mind and body, 
have all conspired to give him this enviable standing, besides marking him 
as one of the most popular men in Racine county. 

BENJA:MIN FRANKLIN HEWITT (deceased), for many years a 
prominent farmer of Section 4, Rochester township, Racine county, was born 
in Vermont, Aug. 22, 1833. son of Mrs. Hannah (Freelove) Hewitt. His 
father left home when a young man, and came West prospecting for a home. 
leaving his wife and son in the East. He was never heard of afterward, and 
it is supposed that he was killed bv the Indians. His w-idow married (sec- 
ond) Josiah Hill, and they came West about 1844, settling in Racine county. 
There were four children to the second union : Evander, of Rochester ; 
Phoebe, the wife of George Marsh, of Eugene City, Ore. : Helen, deceased. 


who was the wife of Henry Loveland; and Annie, the wife of Letour Love- 
land, of Kansas. 

Mr. Freelove, the maternal grandfather of Benjamin F. Hewitt, came 
West among the early settlers of Racine connty, lived in Rochester township, 
and there died at an old age. He followed farming all of his life. Mr. Free- 
love's first wife was Sibelia (Hart) Freelove, who died in Rochester town- 
ship, and they had three children, two of whom died young; the other, Har- 
• ley, now lives at Oconomowoc, Wis. Mr. Freelove's second wife was a Mrs. 

Benjamin Franklin Hewitt left Vermont when a small child, and for a 
time lived in Pennsylvania, first at Titusville and then at Alleghenyville, 
receiving his early schooling at the latter place. When about nineteen years 
of age he came to Wisconsin, and lived in the village of Rochester for many 
years, after which he spent five years on his father-in-law's farm. He then 
purchased ii6 acres of land in Section 4, Rochester township, to which he 
later added twenty acres, and here he continued until his death, having made 
his farm one of the finest in the township. 

On Jan. i, 1861, Mr. Hewitt married Miss Louisa Maria Gates, daugh- 
ter of William and Mirandy (FowJer) Gates, and six children were born 
to this union : Nellie, who married Joseph Cheesman. of Burlington town- 
ship; William, who died single in 1903, aged thirty-two years; Frank, who 
married Jessemine Potter, now deceased, and has one son, Harrison Potter; 
Louisa, who died when fourteen years of age, Abbie, who married Benjamin 
Franklin Schaub, and lives west of Honey Creek, with one daughter, Louisa 
Viola : and Celinda, who married Roy Vaughan and lives with Mrs. Hewitt. 

Mrs. Hewitt was born in the village of Rochester, Feb. 15, 1844. Her 
parents, natives of Vermont, came West to Illinois among the early pioneers, 
and settled at Plainfield, where William Gates worked at millwrighting. In 
about 1840 the family came to Racine county, and settled in the village of 
Rochester. Mr. Gates was born in Ryegate, Vt., in 181 5, of Scotch parent- 
age. When he was nineteen years of age his father died, leaving a family of 
four boys and four girls, of whom William was the eldest. Early in life he was 
bound out to the carpenter's trade, and his natural capacity and tireless energy 
soon brought him to the front as a carpenter and millwright, and he was en- 
abled to help his widowed mother, and to educate and rear his younger 
l>rothers and sisters. In 1838 he started West, and found employment at 
Plainfield, 111., boarding in the familv of Deacon Benjamin Fowler, formerly 
of Woodbury, Vt. On Jan. i, 1840. he married Miranda, the third daugh- 
ter of the Deacon, and in the fore part of February the young couple left 
Plainfield with an ox-team, reaching Rochester on the fifteenth of the month. 
They occupied the old log tavern located where West Water street now runs, 
and in 1842 Mr. Gates erected the brick block east of Albrecht's shop. The 
same year he built the "Barry Hotel" for Jacob Myers, and soon afterwards 
bought a part interest in the sawmill located on ^luskego Creek. In 1848 he 
purchased the farm upon wdiich he died. About 1850 Mr. Gates joined 
Friendship Lodge, No. 18. I. O. O. F., and held nearly every ofiice in the 
lodge. He had been treasurer of his school district for many years, and was 
one of the trustees and soliciting agents for the Farmers' Insurance Company 


for sixteen years. He was also assessor for his town for thirty-one years, 
and was again elected a few days before his death. Nearly every year his 
election was unanimous. He built many flouring mills throughout the State, 
and twice built the mill at Burlington. He also constructed the first separa- 
tor ever made in the Northwest, it being built in the house located where the 
Grace Church now stands, for J. I. Case, who operated it for several years. 
Mr. William Gates died in April, 1892, aged seventy-seven years, his widow 
surviving until Jan. 8, 1904, when she passed away, being past eighty-one 
years at the time of her demise. They were the parents of two children : 
John, who died when fourteen years of age: and Mrs. Benjamin Franklin 

The maternal grandfather of Airs. Hewitt was Benjamin Fowler, a na- 
tive of Vermont, and one of the first settlers of Rochester township, Racine 
county. His wife, Nora Hayes, was also a native of Vermont, and they- 
had a family of sixteen children, thirteen of whom grew to maturity, and four 
of whom are still living : William, of Dakota ; Benjamin, of Honey Creek, 
Wis.; Laura A., widow of Henry Ashley, a soldier of the Civil war; ahd 
Abigail, wife of William Campbell, of Houghton, Mich. Grandfather Fow- 
ler was a soldier of the war of 1812. 

BARTHOLOMEW C. THRONSON, whose business is located at Nos. 
309. 311 and 313 Main street, Racine, Wis., is engaged at the furniture and 
undertaking business, his being the oldest established firm of the kind in tlie 
city. Its capable proprietor commenced his career as an undertaker in 1875, 
and is a practical business man as well as one scientifically trained in his pro- 
fession, being a graduate of various schools of embalming (Cincinnati, 
1883. etc.). 

Mr. Thronson was born in Porsgrund, Norway, July 3, i860, son of 
Charles and Kersten Thronson, also natives of that country. Charles Thron- 
son was a sailor and captain of an ocean vessel for many years. He located 
in Racine, W^is., about 1867, and engaged in the painter's trade until two 
years before his death, which occurred Feb. 20. 1904, when he was aged 
eighty-two years. His widow still survives him, being eighty-one years old. 
Mrs. Thronson is a Methodist, as was also her husband. They had seven 
children, five of whom are now living : Louis, of Burlington. Iowa ; Chris- 
tian and Bartholomew C, of Racine; Dietrich, of Dixon, III; and Caroline, 
wife of C. Johnson, of Racine. 

Bartholomew C. Thronson was but seven years old when he was brought 
by his parents to Racine, where he grew to manhood, receiving his education 
in its public schools. He then began clerking in a furniture store, continuing 
at this occupation for eighteen or nineteen years. Later he established a busi- 
ness of his own, the company being known as the Hansen-Thronson Furni- 
ture Co., of which Mr. Thronson was president and manager until 1903, 
when he purchased his partner's interest. jNIr. Thronson does a large retail 
business, supplying complete outfits of household furnishing goods, and occu- 
pying four floors and basement. 

r^Ir. Thronson was married Sept. 29. 1881, to Miss Ellen Gunderson, 
who is the daughter of Goutv and Betsy Gunderson, and to this union were 


born four children: Edna J., Clarence J., Florence and Arthur, the last two 
dying- in early childhood. Mr. Thronson is a 32d degree Mason, Consistory 
of JMihvaukee, and belongs to Racine Lodge, No. i8, A. F. & A. M., Racine 
Commandery, No. 7, and Tripoli Temple; Racine Lodge, No. 32, Knights of 
Pythias : the Racine Lodge of Odd Fellows ; the Fraternal Aid Association of 
Racine; and the Royal League. Politically he is a Republican. Mr. Thron- 
son's beautiful home, situated at No. 1428 College avenue, was erected by 
him in 1892. 

Mr. Thronson is one of Racine's wide-awake, enterprising and public- 
spirited citizens. He carries a large stock of up-to-date goods, and his store 
room is one of the handsomest in the city. His large and ever-increasing 
business attests both to his personal popularity, and to the popularity of his 
trading emporium. Mr. Thronson has been a resident of Racine for thirty- 
eight years, and he is one of the best known business men of the city. 

JOHN STOTT BLAKEY, of Union Grove. Racine county, is one who 
by the exercise of the various talents with which he has been gifted by na- 
ture has achieved a position of unusual prominence not only in his immediate 
locality, but through the surrounding counties. He is most versatile in his 
powers and is known equally well as a business man, public ofificial and ora- 
tor, while for many years he has also found much time for church work, and 
for activity along fraternal lines. Wisconsin proudly claims him as one of 
her sons, for he was born in Racine county, within a mile and a half of his 
present residence in Union Grove, Sept. 2^. 1846, son of Thomas and Mary 
(Stott) Blakey. 

John and ]\Iary Blakey, the paternal grandparents, were 1x)th of Eng- 
land. John Blakey was a butcher by trade and lived to a good old age in 
his native land. He had three sons and five daughters. On the maternal 
side the grandparents were also English. John Stott was interested in woolen 
mills. He lived to 1)e ninetv, and his wife was nearly as old when she died. 
They reared a large family. 

Thomas Blakey, father of John S., was. like his wife. ^Mary. a native 
of Lancashire. A shoemaker by trade, he supported himself in that way for a 
number of years. He came to America in 1844, spent one year in Lowell, 
Mass.. and then moved West to Southport. now Kenosha, Wis., remaining 
there only a short time. From there he went to Yorkville, Racine county, 
and after working for a long time as a shoemaker, finally bought eighty acres 
of land, and engaged in farming. Later he added eighty acres more. He 
and his wife were Methodists, and Mr. Blakey acted as a local preacher. Mrs. 
Blakey died Jan. 28. 1878. aged sixty-two. and after this loss Mr. Blakey 
went to Leadville. Colo., where a son was living. There he was married again, 
to ^Irs. Rebecca J. Hussey. and they moved to Spirit Lake, Iowa, where he 
passed away May 18, 1887, aged seventy years. His widow returned to 
Leadville. His children, all by the first marriage, were : Emma, deceased 
wife of Eugene Rice; Harriet, widow of John Smith, and now living in 
Dover. Racine county; John S.. of Union Grove; Austin, who is engaged in 
silver mining in Leadville, Colo. : Jane, wife of S. G. Goldsworthy, of York- 



ville; Darius, of Spirit Lake, Iowa; Alvin, a real estate dealer in Cliicago; 
and Charles, a retired farmer in Estherville, Iowa. 

John S. Blakey has always lived in Racine county. Brought up on his 
father's farm, he acquired his education in the district schools, after which 
he went to Milwaukee and completed the course offiered in Spencer's Com- 
mercial College. At the age of seventeen he went to Rochester to learn the 
milling business, and has been largely engaged in it ever since, although he 
has also dealt extensively in grain, wool and live stock. He started in busi- 
ness for himself at Union Grove in 1875, but afterward went back to Roch- 
ester, and was in the milling business there for two years, the firm being Rus- 
sell & Blakey. He then returned to Union Grove and has been in business 
there ever since. In 1899 he and Mr. Charles Carpenter, of Racine, estab- 
lished a private bank in Union Grove, wdiich two years later they sold out to 
O. P. Graham. In 1903 the State Legislature passed a law forbidding any 
private banks in Wisconsin, so the business was re-organized with Mr. John 
S. Blakey as president and Mr. O. P. Graham as cashier. It has since been 
known as the State Bank of Union Grove, organized with a capital stock of 
$10,000. Mr. Blakey has always been recognized as a man of good business 

Mr. Blakey has found time for participation in many matters entirely 
outside of his own personal business. When only thirty years of age he was 
made an honorary member of the Old Settlers' Society, of Racine county, 
and from 1876 to 1902 he served as its vice-president. Since the latter year 
he has been president, and fills the position with great efficiency. On the or- 
ganization of the village of Union Grove, in 1892, he was elected president 
of the board, and has been regularly re-elected for the fourteen succeeding 
years. In church work he has also been prominent, and for twenty years was 
clerk of the Congregational Church, to which he belongs. For a like term 
of years he was superintendent of the Sunday-school, but finally resigned. 
Lodge work has likewise claimed considerable of his attention, as he is a mem- 
ber of Purity Lodge, No. 39, I. O. O. F. ; of Grove Camp, No. 370. Modern 
Woodmen of America, and of the Rebekahs of Racine, to which his wife 
also belongs. 

While a strong Republican ]\Ir. Blakey claims he is no politician, but his 
friends have worked hard to thrust a political career upon him. Always 
ready to do his part as a good citizen, Mr. Blakey had. previous to becoming 
president of the village board, served as a member of the school board, and 
as town clerk. When McKinley was a candidate for the presidency of the 
United States Mr. Blakey took the stump and made a number of speeches in 
both Racine and Kenosha counties. He received many encomiums from the 
press throughout both connties for his clear, logical reasoning, and was recog- 
nized as an orator of no mean ability, being greeted with large audiences 
wherever he spoke. He was at one time a strong candidate for nomination for 
the State Senate, but he expressed to his friends the feeling that he was not 
entitled to the office and said that he did not want it. However, they insisted 
on his allowing his name to be used as a candidate and balloted a number of 
times, but he was persistent in saying that he did not desire the honor, and 
finally withdrew his name as a candidate before the nominating convention. 


He was chosen a delegate to the ^^'isconsin State Com-ention in 1904. In 
local affairs he shows a keen interest and is solicitous for g-ood government, 
and of the welfare of the community in which he resides. Mr. Blakey is a 
man of progressive ideas, public-spirited and enterprising, and is one of the 
best known men in Racine county. 

On May 13, 1876, Mr. Blakey married 3iliss Mary Belle Brush, daughter 
of Charles and Permila (Alcott) Brush. They had one son, Halbert Brush, 
who was graduated from the Union Grove high school, and afterward from 
Chicago University and the Rush Medical College, and who is now practicing 
his profession in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Dr. Blakey is quite a musician, is 
a 'fine pianist, and composed the music for the University Comic Opera pre- 
sented under the auspices of the "Black Friars" of the University of Chicago, 
which was rendered in Mandell Hall, Chicago, in May, 1904. He comes 
naturally by his talent, as Mrs. Blakey is also gifted musically. She possesses 
a clear, sweet, soprano voice, and has taken vocal training under Madame 
Barnette, of Chicago, and in the Luening Conservatory of Music hi Milwau- 
kee, and has sung in a number of cities. She has also sung in the choir of 
the Congregational Church of Union Grove for many years and has done 
considerable singing in political campaigns and in concerts, in all of which 
she has given excellent evidence of her training as a vocalist, and has won 
the highest praise from both the public and the press. Both she and her hus- 
band well merit the high regard in which the_\' are held by their many friends 
and acquaintances. 

Mrs. Blakey"s parents. Charles and Permila (Alcott) Brush, were na- 
tives of Lorain county, Ohio. Of their three sons and two daughters, three 
are now living, namely: Leonard .\., of Portland, Ore.; Mary B., ]Mrs. 
Blakey: and Charles B., living on the old homestead in Lorain county, a mile 
and a half from Elyria, Ohio. Two of the sons, Leonard A. and Eldon, 
were soldiers in the Civil war. The latter died in Los Angeles, Cal., in 1904. 
Charles Brush was a farmer and stock raiser. He died of typhoid fever in 
1858, aged forty-two years, and his wife died a year later of the measles, 
aged thirty-six years. Both were Methodists in religious belief. The pa- 
ternal grandparents of Mrs. Blakey were Benjamin and Elizabeth Brush : he 
died well advanced in years, and she died at the age of eighty-seven ; they 
were the parents of a large family. The paternal great-grandfather of Mrs. 
Blakey was from Connecticut, and took part in the Revolutionary war. 

DANIEL McBETH, a farmer, who is meeting with success in the pur- 
suit of his chosen calling in Section 17, Yorkville township. Racine county, is 
one of the old settlers of the region, and a man whose integrity of life and 
noble character have made him widely respected and held in affectionate re- 
gard. He has lived in Wisconsin since he was seven years old, but was born 
in Wyoming county, N. Y., between Buffalo and Rochester, July 21, 1838, 
son of Alexander and Elizabeth (Morris) McBeth. He comes of Scotch and 
Irish ancestry. The paternal grandfather was the first of the McBeth family 
to leave Scotland. He and his wife, who was Christie Smith, settled in the 
State of New York, reared a large family, and both lived to advanced old 


Alexander iNlcBeth was burn in rcrthshire, Scotland, in 17S7, anil came 
to America with his parents when a child. He became a carpenter by trade, 
and while living in Xew York was engaged in work on the Erie canal at 
Lockport. In 184S he joined the pioneers who were seeking to better their 
fortunes in Wisconsin, and located first in Walworth county, near Delavan, 
but after three years removed to Racine county. He bought 120 acres in 
Yorkville township, and made his home there until his death, June 16, i860, 
when he was over seventy years of age. He took an active interest in the 
growth and development of the country and served in a number of township 
offices. He married Miss Elizabeth Morris, who was born in County Tyrone, 
Ireland, about 1807, daughter of John and Elizabeth (McLaughlin) Morris, 
of County Tyrone, and whose other children consisted of two sons and one 
daughter. Mrs. McBeth died April 6, 1887. They were the parents of four 
sons and three daughters, but only two are still living, Daniel and Susan, the 
latter for many years a successful teacher in Racine county. Mr. and Mrs. 
McBeth were both members of the Presbyterian Church, and the former 
officiated as a deacon in it. 

Daniel McBeth attended school at first in New York, and later in Ijoth 
Walworth county and Yorkville township. Growing up on his father's farm 
from the age of seven, when the family moved to Wisconsin, he has lived 
on the homestead ever since, as after his father's death he bought out the 
other heirs. The place at present, however, includes only eighty acres. He 
has been a life-long farmer there, and has Ijeen quite successful. A resident 
of Racine county for fifty-eight years, he has seen the country develop from 
a wilderness, and he is well known throughout the county. For twelve years 
he served as township assessor, elected on the Republican ticket. Although 
not a church member Mr. McBeth attends the Presbyterian Church, and lias 
lived according to the strictest principles of integrity and uprightness, so that 
he has won the universal esteem of the many who know him. Intelligent as 
he is tlirifty, he stands as a noble example in the community. He and his sis- 
ter. Miss Susan, live together at the old homestead, and they are counted 
among the worthy citizens of Racine county, whose lives ha-ve been a bless- 
ing to those with whom they have come in contact. 

JOHN ARNOLD, superintendent of the Racine Woolen Mills, is one 
of the most prominent and influential men of that city. He was born July 
19, 1865, in the North of Ireland, son of Robert and Elizabeth (Lindsay) 
Arnold, natives of Scotland. 

Robert Arnold, the paternal grandfather of John Arnold, was a native 
of Scotland, where he died in middle life, his death occurring in the mines. 
His wife. Margaret (Gray) Arnold, lived to be nearly ninety years of age, 
and they had three sons and one daughter. On the maternal side, our sub- 
ject's grandfather was John Lindsay, also a native of Scotland, who died in 
middle life. His wife was Letitia (Gray) Lindsay, and she lived to be nine- 
ty-two years old, being active up to the dav nf her death. Mr. and ]\Irs. 
Lindsay had one son and one daughter. 

Robert .Arnold, father of John, was a miner near Paislev, Scotland, and 
afterward mo\-ed to Newtownards, County Down, in the North of Ireland, 

176 comme:morative biographical record. 

where he and his wife still reside, he now living retired. They had twelve 
children, eight of whom are now living : Robert, of County Down ; John, our 
subject; James, of Belfast, Ireland; Alexander, of Glasgow, Scotland; Isaac, 
of Winnipeg, Canada; Joseph, of Racine; William, also of Racine; and ]\Iiss 
Minnie, of Newtownards, County Down, Ireland. 

John Arnold was reared and educated in Glasgow, Scotland, and is a grad- 
uate of the Textile School of Guilds, London. Immediately after graduation 
he entered the woolen mills, serving an apprenticeship of five years. Later he 
became manager of R. W. Miller & Co.'s mills, and was, after several years, 
engaged in Glasgow by the George W'. Ennis Mfg. Co., of Philadelphia, as 
manager of their interests there. After a short period he went to Saleni, 
Va., to take the superintendency of the Holstein Woolen Mills, resigning this 
to become superintendent of the Racine Woolen Mills, in 1901, and this posi- 
tion he has held ever since. 

On July 4, 1900, Mr. Arnold married Miss Margaret Stuart Jones, 
daughter of George and Elizabeth (Gregger) Jones. Mr. and Mrs. Arnold 
are members of the Presbyterian Church. He is a past master Mason, being 
past master of the Lodge at Newtownards, Ireland, and is also a Royal Arch 
Mason. He belongs to Racine Lodge, No. 252, B. P. O. E. Politically he is 
a Republican. 

George Jones, Mrs. Arnold's father, was a native of North Carolina, and 
his wife of Virginia. They had four children : Margaret, Mrs. Arnold ; 
Minnie, the wife of Henry Jones of W^ytheville, Va. ; John and Joseph, of the 
same place. George Jones has always been a farmer, and now resides in 
Wytheville. His wife died in 1880, aged thirty-one years, in the faith of the 
Lutheran Church ; he is a Methodist. Mrs. Arnold's paternal grandfather 
was also named George Jones. He was a native of Eastern Virginia, and 
removing to North Carolina, located near Mountairy, Surry county. He 
later returned to Wytheville, Va., and there died aged eighty-two years. His 
wife was Sarah Poor Jones, and she also lived to be eighty-two years old, and 
bore her husband seven children. The maternal grandfather of Mrs. Arnold, 
William Gregger, born near Wytheville. Va., is still living, at the age of 
eighty-four years. Mrs. Gregger, his wife, who was Mary Hoback before 
marriag'e, died aged seventy-six years. She had been formerly married 
to Levi Kincer, by whom she had one child, and bv her union with Mr. Greg- 
ger she had five children. 

FREDERICK FISHER. The family to which Frederick Fisher, re- 
tired farmer of Kenosha, belongs, is of German descent, but has been repre- 
sented in the LTnited States for nearly sixty years, there being three genera- 
tions now living in the city of Kenosha. Frederick Fisher was born in Prus- 
sia, Germany, Sept. 20, 1823, son of Rudolph and Katherine (Hulsker) 
Fischer, both natives of that same country. 

Rudolph Fischer lived near Lenan, am Techlenbourg. was a carpenter 
by trade, and died while still a young man. He and his wife had two daugh- 
ters and a son, viz. : Katherine, deceased ; Frederick ; and Sophia, who mar- 
ried a Mendolph, came to America and settled in Illinois. After ^Ir. 

n yoCLc^^c.^.^^ Q^ a/^ yC^t^yjlit^ 


Fischer's death his widuw married Edward Hunsze and had two sons, Ed- 
ward and Rudolph, both now deceased. 

Frederick tisher was left an orphan when very young and was brought 
up by an uncle, of the same name as himself, who lived near Dissen, Hanover. 
He attended the public schools when it was possible, but had few opportuni- 
ties for receiving an education. When fourteen he began to work out on a farm 
and continued to do so till he was twenty-four years old. In that year, 1847, 
he applied to the government officer for a leave of absence to come to the 
United States. It was given for six months only, but Mr. Fisher accepted it, 
thinking that he would jje beyond any need for such a document by that time. 
He took passage on a sailing vessel and after six weeks landed in New York, 
in NovemJjer, his entire property amounting to two Prussian dollars (a dol- 
lar and a quarter in our money). He proceeded to Buffalo and secured work 
in the timber regions, where he received his board and six dollars a month. 

Regardless of his want of means and with full faith in the future Mr. 
Fisher was united in marriage, on the nth of the following January, to Miss 
Mary Francesca Schneider, daughter of Frederick Schneider, a native of 
Hanover, Germany. They were married in Eden, Erie Co., N. Y., and soon 
went to Wisconsin, landing at Southport, July 4, 1848, with four dollars on 
which to start their new life. On the day after his arrival Mr. Fisher secured 
work from a farmer named Cady and remained with him two months. At 
the end of that time he rented a piece of land in the town of Somers and he 
and his wife began keeping house in a log cabin. They were industrious and 
frugal, and enough money was saved to purchase a tract of twelve acres, on 
which Mr. Fisher built himself a log house. When his first little place was 
entirely paid for, he bought five acres more, and later twenty-three more. He 
then had a good farm of forty acres, with a frame house on it, where he lived 
for many years and brought up his family. In 1883 he traded his farm and 
moving into Kenosha has resided there ever since. His present home was 
built in 1 89 1, and he owns two other good houses adjoining it. 

Mrs. Mary F. Fisher shared her husband's life for only a few years, 
passing away Aug. 20, 1853 aged thirty-two years. She was a member of 
the Lutheran Church. She left three children, namely: William F., of 
Kenosha; Mary, deceased wife of Fred Stemm ; and Louisa, who married 
Matthias Pitz, of Kenosha, and has three children, Rosalie, Frederick and 
Anthony. On Oct. 19, 1853, Mr. Fisher married a second time, his bride 
being Miss Eva Barbara Englehardt, daughter of George and Margaret 
(Schneider) Englehardt. She was born in Germany, Aug. 25, 1825, and lost 
her mother when only eight or nine years old. The father died a few years 
after she came to x-Xmerica, which was the same year as her marriage, 1853. 
Both ^Ir. and Mrs. Fisher are Lutherans. Their married life has covered a 
period of fifty-two years, and they celebrated their Golden Wedding in 1903. 

Frederick Fisher cast his first Presidential vote for John C. Fremont, 
and ever since has usually voted the Republican ticket. With a true Ger- 
man's love of his fatherland, he is also a strong believer in the ideas and in- 
stitutions of his adopted country, and is a man thoroughly well informed on 
political questions. Although he and his wife are well advanced in years, 
being respectively eighty-two and eighty, both are still strong and well-pre- 
served, alike in bodv and mind. 


\\'iLLiAM E. Fisher was born in Somers township, Kenosha county, 
Dec. 1. 1848, a son of Erederick Fisher by his first marriage. He grew up 
on the farm and attended the district schools till he was seventeen. .\t that 
age he left home and became a clerk in a general store in Racine, where he 
stayed two years. The next eleven years he spent in Kenosha, in the em- 
ploy of Seth Doane. and then went to Chicago, for a year, where he worked 
for Marshall Field & Company. On returning to Kenosha, in 1879, he went 
into business with others under the firm name of Fisher. Lentz & Company, 
dealing in dry goods and groceries, but after three years in partnership they 
dissolved the firm and Mr. Fisher assumed entire control of the dry goods 
portion, which he has conducted ever since. He is one of the leading mer- 
chants of the city in his line, employs twenty clerks, and has made a great 
success of the work. From the very beginning he has had a constantly in- 
creasing trade, which indicates the popularity of his establishment. En- 
tirely self-made, he is a wide-awake, enterprising business man. with a record 
of which he may well be proud. 

Mr. Fisher was united in matrimony, Oct. 21, 1873, to Miss Rosalie 
Muntzenberger, daughter of Conrad and Elizabeth (Rahke) Muntzenberger. 
Two sons have been born to them, as follows : William C, who is interested 
in a sheep ranch in Wyoming: and Arthur F., employed in his father's store. 
Mrs. Fisher is a member of the Episcopal Church. The family reside at No. 
364 Market street, property owned by Mr. Fisher. He is a Republican in 
his political views, but not active in party work. Socially he belongs to Ke- 
nosha Lodge, No. 47, F. & A. M., to the Royal Arcanum and the Elks. 

The Muntzenberger family, to which Mrs. Fisher belongs, is also of 
German descent. Her father, Conrad Muntzenberger. was born in Mainz in 
1812. He was a brewer, and after coming to America in 1841 was engaged 
in that line in Cincinnati first, but in 1847 went to Kenosha and ran a brew- 
ery there for a number of years. He was a man who took an interest in pub- 
lic aff^airs and served on the Kenosha school board. Before leaving Ger- 
many he had served his required time in the army and had been sent to Al- 
giers. He married Miss Elizabeth Rahke, who was born in \\'orms, and a 
family of six sons and three daughters was born to them. The only ones now 
living are: Adolph, of Chicago: Pauline. Mrs. Pierre Funck, of Chicago; 
and Rosalie, Mr. Fisher. Mr. Muntzenberger died in 1899 in Kenosha, 
where his widow is still living. 

The paternal grandparents of Mrs. Fisher were Conrad and Rosalie 
(Schad) Muntzenberger, the former of whom died in Germanv in old age. 
Their three sons and one daughter are all deceased. The maternal grand- 
father was George Rahke, a son of George Sigmund Rahke. Although a tailor 
by trade, he for a time served in the army in France. In 1839 he came to 
the L'nited States and established a tailoring concern in Cincinnati, where he 
died when sixty-three years old. He married Miss Anna Weaver, daughter 
of Jacob Weaver, and the wife died some years before her husband, aged 
forty-six. Six children were born to them, but only two are still living, 
namely, Elizabeth, Mrs. ^Muntzenberger, and Pauliiia. Mrs. Jacob Henpel, of 

HENRY REESMANN, a highly respected and well-to-do farmer 
whose valuable property is located in Sections 14 and 13, Rochester town- 


ship, is a native uf the Province of Westphaha, Germany, where he was born 
Aug. 12, 1828. He is the son of Joseph and Mary (Funemin) Reesmann, 
who were both natives of that country and the parents of six children, three 
sons and three daughters, of whom besides Henry, the first-born, there are 
surviving: Gertrude, the wife of Anton Biederfeldt; Frank, a resident of 
Burlington, Wis. ; and Anna, now Mrs. Henry Hornemin, of Seneca, Kansas. 
Joseph Reesmann, the father, was a farmer of Germany, where his wife 
was also born. In 1857, with their five children, they emigrated to America, 
settling first in Dover township, Racine Co., Wis., where they lived with their- 
sons Henry and Frank. The latter sold his property interests to Theodore 
and removed to California, the father residing with the two sons who re- 
mained in Wisconsin for the remainder of his life. He died about 1877. aged 
eighty-three years, his wife preceding him in 1869, at the age of seventy. 
Both were members of the Catholic Church. The paternal grandparents re- 
mained in Germany, where they died at an advanced age, the parents of three 
sons and two daughters. The maternal grandparents were of yeoman stock. 
were long-lived, died in Germany, and, as far as is known, had three daugh- 
ters and one son. 

Henry Reesmann received a healthful training upon his father's farm 
in Germany, and a fair education in the schools of Bork. He decided to in\'es- 
tigate the advantages of America at first hand, so in 1856 he took a flying 
trip to the New World, and was so well pleased with what he saw that Jie 
returned to Germany the following year, and was accompanied to America 
the second time by his father and mother and four more of their children^ 
The family reached Racine July 4, 1857, and a few days later he and his 
brother Frank bought a farm of 200 acres in Dover township. There they 
resided for eight years, and when Frank removed to California Henry and his 
brother Theodore rented a farm in Burlington township, near Brown's Lake, 
operating the two properties jointly. Henry lived upon the latter tract for 
five years, when the two brothers purchased 184 acres by government survey. 
located in Rochester township, and this farm has been the homestead of 
Henry Reesmann for the past thirty-seven years. 

On May 11, 1857, Mr. Reesmann married Mary Anna Huser, daughter 
of Bernhard and Elizabeth ( Wittenbrink) Huser. Five sons and five daugh- 
ters were born to this union, of whom four survive — Anna, Henry, Bernhard 
and Charles. Anna married August Kleinvehn, and with her husband lives 
in Norway township, the mother of one son and five daughters — John. Mary. 
Clara. Josephine, Emma and Rosa. Henry, who married Mamie Hetterman. 
is a farmer of Burlington township, and is the father of Celia. Leo. Arthur 
and Florence. Bernhard is an agriculturist in Rochester township; his wife 
was formerly Miss Rosa Schwering. and they are the parents of three chil- 
dren — Frances. Herbert and Edward. Charles is unmarried and lives at 
home. Mr. and Mrs. Reesmann and family are members of the Catholic 
Church. Like many of his countrymen Mr. Reesmann first served as a sol- 
dier in the regular army, joined the rebellion of 1848, and when he became a 
citizen of the Lhiited States entered the political ranks of the Democracy. 

The parents of Mrs. Reesmann were born in Germanv, and her father, a 
farmer, died in the Fatherland, at the early age of thirty-nine years, her 


mother surviving liini until she was sixty-six years old. They were the par- 
ents of two sons and seven daughters, of whom Mrs. Reesmann (born in No- 
vember, 1832), WiUiam and Henry (who both live in Germany) are the 
only survivors. Both her paternal and maternal grandfathers died in Ger- 
many, the name of the latter being Bernhard Wittenbrink, and his vocation 
that of a farmer. Mr. Wittenbrink died at an advanced age, while his wife 
passed away in middle life, the mother of two daughters and one son. 

GUSTAVUS A. BEECHER, one of the representative farmers of Do- 
ver township, Racine Co., Wis., having a fine farm of 334 acres in Section 
36, was born in Germany, near the Rhine, Nov. 27, 1845. His parents, John 
C. and Rebecca (Lenz) Beecher, were both natives of Germany, and the pa- 
ternal grandfather died in that country ; he was a farmer. The grandmother 
came with her son John C. to America, and died in Brighton township, 
Kenosha Co., Wis., aged seventy-six years. The maternal grandfather of 
our subject, who was also a farmer, served in the army in his native country. 
He and his wife had a family of six children. 

John C. Beecher, the father of Gustavus A., was the only child of his 
parents. He was a forester in Germany, and a soldier for seven years. In 
1846 he came to America, and located in Brighton township, Kenosha Co., 
Wis., where he purchased 120 acres of land, which he improved and upon 
which he lived for fifteen years. He then removed to Kansasville, where he 
was station agent and postmaster for twenty-five years. He then took a trip 
to Germany, remaining one year, and returning home in 1883. He died aged 
seventy-three years, while his wife passed away in 1887, being eighty-two 
years old at the time of her death. Both were Lutherans. They had six chil- 
dren, three of whom are now living : Emily, the wife of Julius Gregorius, of 
Sterling, 111. ; Mary, the widow of Charles Seirich, of Racine; and Gustavus A. 

Gustavus A. Beecher was something over a year old when brought to 
America by his father. He was reared in Brighton township and in Kansas- 
ville, attending the district schools, and remained at home tintil twenty-two 
years of age, at which time he was married. His father had purchased forty 
acres of land in Dover tow'nship in Gustavus' name, when he was sixteen 
years old, and on this he started after marriage. He afterward sold this tract 
and purchased 177 acres on the west side of Eagle Lake, where he !ive<l 
twenty-two years. Mr. Beecher then purchased liis present place of 334 
acres, and here he has since resided. 

On Jan. i, 1867, Mr. Gustavus Beecher married Miss Mary Ann Sump- 
ter. daughter of John and Mary Ann (Cheeseman) Sumpter, and to this 
union eleven children have been born : Edwin, Rose, Laura, Belle, George, 
Stella, Frank, Roy, Ray, Byrl and Ross. Stella married Leslie Johnson, ot 
Springfield, and has three sons, Lyle, Harold and Ernest : Edwin lives at 
home: Rose married Fred Blackburn, of Dover township, and has two chil- 
dren, Grace and Gertrude: Laura married Edward Stephens, and they live 
in Eagle Grove, Iowa, and have four children, Edna, George, Ethel and Ray- 
mond : Belle married Silas B. Fish, and they live in Walworth county, and 

have three children, Florence, John and : George, Frank, Roy, Ray 

and Miss Byrl are at home; Ross is a barber in Racine. Mr. and Mrs. 


Beecher attend the Union Gro\e Cungregational Church. Political!}' he is a 
Republican, and for eighteen years he served as clerk of District No. 6. 

John Sumpter, the paternal grandfather of Mrs. Beecher, died in Eng- 
land, as did his wife, Sarah, and also Mrs. Beecher's maternal grandparents, 
John and Betsey Cheseman. Mrs. Beecher's parents were natives of England, 
and came to America in 1850, settling in Dover township, Racine county, 
where Mr. Sumpter carried on farming. He died in the fall of 1904, aged 
eighty-six years, his wife passing away in 1899, in Alabama, aged seventy- 
seven years. They had a family of twelve children, six of whom are now 
living: Mary Ann, wife of our subject; John, of near Riceville, Iowa; Fan- 
nie, wife of John Murgatroyd, of Wood county, Wis. ; George, of Citronelle, 
Ala.; Alexander, of Union Grove, Wis., and Alfred, of Union Grove. 

HERBERT O. BAYLEY, a leading agriculturist of Waterford town- 
ship, Racine county, owning land in Sections 8 and 9, was born in Windsor, 
Vt., Aug. 14, 1840, son of Aretas and Mary L. (Leavens) Bayley, natives of 
the Green Mountain State. 

The Bayley family has been in America from Colonial times, John Bayley, 
Jr., and his father, John, coming from England in 1635 and settling in New- 
bury, Mass. The latter was a weaver by trade, and was one of the first of 
this name to emigrate to America, coming from Chippenham, about seventy 
miles due west from London. John Bayley, Jr., married Eleanor Emery. 
Their son. Rev. James Bayley, married Mary Carr. Their son, James Bay- 
ley, was born in the village of Salem (now Danvers), Mass., and married 
Elizabeth Ruggles, daughter of Capt. Samuel Ruggles, of Roxbury. They 
had a son, Samuel Bayley, who was born Feb. i, 1705, at Roxbury, Mass.. 
and married Anna Richardson. 

Joshua Bayley, son of Samuel and Anna (Richardson) Bayley, was the 
great-grandfather of Herbert O. Bayley. He was born March 17, 1735, in 
Roxbury. Mass., and was twice married, first to Mercy Davis, second to Mrs. 
Sylvia Annis. He had seventeen children, and over a hundred grandchildren, 
several of whom died young. 

James Bayley, grandfather of Herliert O. Bayley, was the tenth child of 
Joshua Bailey, was born in Marlboro, Mass., and removed to Vermont when 
quite young. He was a farmer by occupation. Coming to Wisconsin in 1850, 
he settled at Sheboygan Falls, where he died in the fall of 1861, at the age 
of eighty-two years. His wife. Hannah (Chapin). died the following spring, 
when seventy-seven years old. They had seven children, five of whom lived 
to maturity: Calvin, who died when nearly ninety-four years of age; Aretas. 
who died when past ninety-two years ; Royal, who was past ninety years of 
age at his death; Huldah. who was the wife of Darius Leavens, and who 
died in Colorado aged about eighty-three years; and Miss Sarah, who is still 
living at the age of eighty-two years. There were seventeen grandchildren, 
twelve of whom are now living. 

Aretas Bayley, father of Herbert O., came to \\''isconsin in 1842, and pur- 
chased 160 acres of land in Waterford township, Racine county, to which he 
later added forty acres, improving all. He married Mary L. Leavens, daugh- 
ter of Charles Leavens, a native of Vermont, and a farmer by occupation, who 
lived in West Windsor, Vt.. and died in the town of Reading at an advanced 


age. His wife, Polly (Wardner) Leavens, died aged about sixty-seven years 
in Reading. They had four children, three of whom grew to maturity, viz. : 
Paulina, who was the wife of John Adams; Mary L., the mother of Mr. 
Bayley; and Charles. Aretas tJayley died Dec. 30, 1903, aged ninety-two 
years, his wife passing away Sept. 30, 1867, when fifty-six years of age. 
They were Universalisls in religion. Mr. and Mrs. Bayley had two children: 
Paulina, the widow of Durlin B. Selleck; and Herbert O., our subject. 

Herbert O. Bayley has lived in Waterford township since he was two 
years old, attended the district schools, and lived at home until he reached 
maturity. His first purchase of land was a tract of 105 acres in the township, 
and he now owns a farm of 310 acres, his father's old homestead being in- 
cluded in this property. Politically Mr. Bayley is a Republican, but he takes 
little or no interest in local matters beyond that which any good citizen feels. 

On Dec. 20, 1863. Mr. Bayley married Miss Emma Putnam, daughter of 
Prucius and Emeline (Hazleton) Putnam, and one son was born to this union, 
Emery H. ; he married Katherine Covell, by whom he has two children, 
Emery Covell and Anna Paulina, and they live in Lake City, Minn., where 
he is a practicing physician. Mrs. Emma Bayley tlied Dec. 5, 1865, aged 
twenty-one years. 

On Jan. 11, 1877, Mr. Bayley married (second) Miss Edna V. Miller, 
daughter of Philetus and Amanda (Barber) Miller, and one child has been 
born to this union, Aretas O., who is attending the Burlington high school. 

Mrs. Edna \'. Bayley's paternal grandfather, Jonathan Miller, was a 
native of Massachusetts, and died aged fifty-two years. He married Permelia 
Lee. whose father, John Lee, came from England l>efore the Revolution and 
settled in Blandford. Mass., where Mrs. Miller was born. She sur\-ived her 
husband, dying when eighty-four years of age. They had a family of ten 
children, two of whom survive: Charles, of Walworth county, W'is., and 
Melissa, the wife of a Mr. Barton, of Califorqia. On the maternal side, Mrs. 
Bayley is descended from John Barber, a native of New York State, who 
died when quite young. His wife bore him five children, all of whom are 
now deceased. 

Philteus Miller, father of Mrs. Herbert O. Bayley. was a farmer at West 
Walworth, N. Y., where he made his permanent home. He held several town 
of^ces, being chairman of the board of supervisors of West Walworth for 
twelve years. He died May 25, 1885, aged seventy-four years, and his wife 
died Nov. 24, 1870, aged fifty-seven. They were members of the Baptist 
Church. They were the parents of eight children : Helen, who married 
Horace Lee; Caroline, Mrs. Joel White; Adeline, who married (first) 
Charles Foote, and (second) George Rood; Charles, who served nearlv three 
years in the Civil war, when he died of sickness, and is buried at Arlington 
Heights; Annette, widow of Sanford Gould, living near Pittsburg, Pa.; 
Amanda, who died in infancy: George, and Edna V., Mrs. Bayley. Mrs. 
Baylev and Mrs. Gould are the onlv survivors. 

WILLIAM C. DOW. In these days of specialization and keenest com- 
petition, it is rather an unusual spectacle to see a man. successfully engaged 
in one line of business for manv vears. suddenlv forsake that occupation for 

C0MME:M0RATIVE biographical record. 183 

ail entirely different enterprise, and to achieve success in the new \enture 
argues both adaptabihty and power. This assumption holds good in the case 
of William C. Dow, now proprietor of a livery and boarding stable in Racine, 
but formerly a machinist. Mr. Dow is a native of Wisconsin, born in White- 
water, Sept. 3, i860, son of Thomas Jefferson and Ruth (Burgess) Dow. 

The paternal grandfather, Thomas Jefferson Dow, Sr., was an early 
settler in Illinois, near Tampico and Prophetstown, and died in the latter town 
well advanced in years. He married Miss Susan Gray, of a Massachusetts 
family which dates back to 1700. They reared a large family. 

Thomas Jefferson Dow, Jr., was a native of the State of New York, as 
was also his wife, Ruth (Burgess) Dow. He was but a small boy, however, 
when his father moved to Tampico, and he remained there until he was about 
seventeen years of age. He then went to Whitewater, Wis., remaining there 
until 1849, when he started overland to California, with one of the wagon 
trains that made the journey to the gold fields. After about two years at the 
coast, Mr. Day embarked on a vessel bound for Nicaragua, and returned by 
way of New Orleans and the Mississippi to his home in \Vhitewater. After 
his return he married a Miss Pratt, but she lived only six weeks after their 
marriage. Mr. Dow continued to live at Whitewater until 1862. and he car- 
ried on blacksmithing and wagonmaking in a shop which he had built him- 
self. From Whitewater he went to Kenosha for two years, and then moved 
to Racine, and there died in 1887 of apoplexy, at the age of fifty-seven years. 

In 1857 Mr. Dow married (second) Miss Ruth B. Burgess. She sur- 
vived her husband and died in November, 1893. Four children were born 
to them, namely : Carrie, deceased wife of William LeRay, of Racine ; 
William C, of Racine; Albert W.. of Bridgeport, Conn.; and Walter L., of 
Racine. Mrs. Dow was born in the Mohawk Valley, N. Y., but when she 
was only a year old her parents came west to Southport, now? Kenosha, mak- 
ing the trip with an ox team. Her father started a sawmill there, but died 
not long after his arrival, when only in middle life. He left a large family. 
His widow, who was his second wife, had herself been previously married, 
and was a Mrs. Allen when Mr. Burgess married her. She survived himi 
many years, dying at the age of eighty-seven. 

William C. Dow was four years old when his parents settled in Racine, 
and it has been his home ever since. He attended the public schools, taking 
a complete course and was graduated from the Racine high school in 1879. 
After finishing his studies he learned the trade of a machinist, and going 
into the J. I. Case Plow Works became foreman. For twenty-four years he 
was thus employed, but at the end of that period he decided to drop that occu- 
pation, and to go into business for himself as proprietor of a livery stable. 
The change became an accomplished fact in the spring of 1904. and Mr. Dow 
has since been the proprietor of a livery and lioarding stable located at No. 
701 Wisconsin street, conducting a first-class establishment and doing a flour- 
ishing business. 

Mr. Dow has been twice married. By his first marriage, June 20. 1883. 
he was united to Miss Cora E. Baldwin, daughter of James G. and Sarah 
(Gidnev) Baldwin. Mrs. Do\v died in April. 1894, at the age of thirty-two 
years, leaving one son named De Wilton. She w-as a member of the Presby- 


terian Church. On July 29, 1896, Air. Dow was married to Aliss Emma 
Grenier, daughter of Achille and Ellen (Bloom) Grenier, by whom he has 
had two children, namely: William Clayton, born June 25, 1899; and 
Ernestine Lucile, born March 8, 1901. The family home is at No. 624 Cen- 
ter street, where Mr. Dow built the residence in 1891. Politically he is an 
adherent of the Republican party. 

RE\'. THEODORE JACOBS, pastor of the Church of the Immaculate 
Conception, Burlington, Wis., was l3orn in the town of Somers, Kenosha Co., 
Wis., July 14. 1848. son of Matthias and Mary Eva (Meyer) Jacobs, natives 
of Prussia, Germany, who lived in Pelm. near Treves. 

Hubert Jacobs, paternal grandfather of Father Jacobs, was born in 
France, of German parentage. He was a tanner and miller, and followed these 
occupations near Pelm. Hubert Jacobs married Josephine Roller, who was 
born in Germany, and seven children were born to this union, one of this fam- 
ily, Alatthias Jacobs, being the father of our subject. 

Matthias Jacobs was a tanner by occupation, having learned that trade 
in his native country, and on coming to America, in 1846, he followed that 
work in Chicago for ten dollars per month. In the spring of 1847 he came to 
Racine and worked in a tannery, receiving fifteen dollars per month, and in 
the same year purchased a farm of forty acres in Somers township. In that 
year Mr. Jacobs married. He took his wife to the farm on the old plank road, 
and there settled down to agricultural operations. He added forty-eight 
acres to his original farm, which he sold in 1855 to go to Kenosha, where he 
conducted a tavern for several years on Market street. This he sold to pur- 
chase a number of lots on the north side, and he spent the last years of his 
life dealing in real estate. He died June 15, 1889. aged seventy-one years, 
while his wife survived until July 14, 1895, passing away in her seventieth 
year. Both were faithful, devout members of the Catholic Church. 

Theodore Meyer, the father of Mrs. Jacobs, came to America in 1843 
and settling in Kenosha county, W'^is., purchased land on the plank road in 
Somers township, Hving there a number of years. He then removed to Ke- 
nosha where he spent his last years, passing away at the age of eighty-two ; 
his wife died aged sixty-eight years. For ten years Theodore r^Ieyer was a 
soldier in the Napoleonic wars, and during his travels with the armies leaned 
to speak Italian, French and Spanish, although in young manhood he could 
only speak the tongue of his native country. 

Mr. and Mrs. Matthias Jacobs had eleven children : Rev. Theodore ; 
Susan, the wife of Frank Sandt. of Kenosha: Dr. John M., of Chicago; Lena, 
the wife of Casper Wagner of Chicago ; Peter, of Kenosha ; Joseph, a travel 
ing man; ]Mary. the wife of Jacob Turnes, an attorney of Chicago; Martin, 
of Julian. Cal. ; Elizabeth, the wife of Henry Slacks, of Kenosha; and two 
who died in infancy. 

Rev. Theodore Jacobs was seven or eight years oUl when his parents 
left the farm and moved into Kenosha. There he grew to manhood. He 
followed farming for a time, and then turned his attention to railroading, on 
the section, after which he took a position as bookkeeper with Jacob Gottfred- 
son, who was at that time the leading merchant of Kenosha. Father Jacobs 

4^ ,i,</gr«»v.. 

C0-MME:\IC)RAT1\'E biographical record. 185 

had attended the pubhc and parochial schools, and when a little more than 
twenty-one years old entered St. Francis Seminary, at Milwaukee, to study 
for the priesthood. This was in 1870, and he was ordained in 1878, his first 
pastoral charge being at Paris, Kenosha county. There he remained two 
years, being then transferred to Sinsinawa Mound, Grant county, where he 
built a new church, remaining there from 1880 until 1890. Father Jacobs 
came to Burlington May 6, 1890, and became the pastor of the Church of 
the Immaculate Conception, being the successor of the Rev. Father M. Wis- 
bauer, who was the first resident priest here, and who had been the pastor 
here for forty-three consecutive years. When Father Jacobs took charge the 
congregation comprised 175 families. Under his ministry it has grown to 
over four hundred families. He has purchased grounds, erected a new church 
edifice, and changed the old church into a school, with a large hall above, at 
a cost altogether of over $70,000. The school, a free one, has over three hun- 
dred pupils, and its five teachers are Notre Dame Sisters. 

Father Jacobs is vice-president of the Bank of Burlington, for in addition 
to being a priest of marked ability he is regarded as a good financier, a state- 
ment which the condition of his church afl:'airs will verify. 

A History of St. Mary's Congregation and Church of Burlington, Wis., 
by Father Jacobs, follows : 

In a memoir edited more than 225 years ago by Pere Marquette, a Cath- 
olic priest, the name Milwaukee is mentioned for the first time. 

In October, 1674, Father Marquette sailed down the western shore of 
Lake Michigan. Two years later a Father AUouez labored in the present 
regions of Milwaukee. In a record of Father Marquette we find mention of 
an Indian tribe near the mouth of the Milloike river. Solomon Juneau, a 
Catholic, was the first white settler of xMilwaukee. 

In the year 1837 divine services were oft'ered in the house of Solomon 
Juneau by Father Bondenil, from Green Bay. In autumn of the same 
year Father Kelley came from Detroit, Mich., and two lots were presented by 
Solomon Juneau, on the site of which a small frame church (St. Peter's 
Church), which became the first cathedral of Milwaukee, was erected. 

About the same time Father McLaughlin and Father Morrissy came over 
from Detroit. Some years later, in 1842, Rev. Martin Kundig arrived in 

Burlington is forty-four miles southwest of Milwaukee, situated on the 
Fo.x river, in the western part of Racine county, twenty-seven miles from Ra- 
cine. Divine services were held for the first time in Burlington by Father 
Morrissy, in the house of Mr. Nims, a Protestant, who had a hotel on the east 
side of the Fox river at that time. John James Krome, a Catholic, and 
Rosine, his wife, a Protestant, w-ere the first Catholic family (if it may be 
called thus). Meanwhile Catholics settled more and more in and about Mil- 

One of the first Catholic settlements was Burlington, W^is. Anton and 
Margaret Xoblet, who landed in New York in 1832, came to Milwaukee in 
October. 1838. and the following February moved to Spring Prairie. Wal- 
worth Co., Wis., near Burlington. They were, therefore, one of the first 
families here. 


Two years later (1841) the following families came to Burlington: 
Joseph and Anna Maria Host (the latter still living;. Sebastian and Margaret 
Amend, Joseph and Catherine Wackerman and Leonard and Catherine 
Schmit. In 1842 John H. and Johanna Dahlman, Xic and Magdelen Mueller, 
Joseph and Barbara Teigler, Christopher (Catholic) and Teresa (Protestant) 
Winkler, Henry and Christina Kerkmann, Patrick and Bridget 0"Neil, 
Michael and Helen Cunningham, Timothy and Margaret Foley, Christopher 
and Maria Haman and Anton Bohner came. 

The first child that was baptized in Milwaukee in 1840 was Anton Nob- 
let from Spring Prairie. The first child from Burlington to be baptized was 
Jacob Host. He was born in August, 1842, w-as brought to Milwaukee in 
October the same year and baptized by Rev. Kundig, who had shortly arrived 

On this occasion it was communicated to Rev. Father Kundig that a 
number of Catholic families living in Burlington recjuested him to pay them a 
visit. "But how get there?" was the reply. No money, no vehicle and 
an unknown way. On receiving the promise that they would call for him if 
he consented to come, he complied with their wish. Consequently Mr. John 
Dahlman, who owned a span of horses, went to Milwaukee in Novemlier for 
Father Kundig and brought him to Burlington. Divine services were then 
held in a carpenter shop, the joiner's bench serving as altar table. This was 
on the very place where the Misses Miller and Voelker have their millinery 
establishment at present. The result of the collection taken up at that occa- 
sion was sixty dollars. It was disposed of by purchasing a horse for Father 
Kundig, who promised the people to visit Burlington once a month after this. 
All were well pleased with the success of their enterprise. 

Later on they assembled at Bohner's Lake, in the home of Mr. Bohner, 
and here it was that the first resolution was made to build a Catholic church 
in Burlington. The principal house of assembly for divine services was that 
of Mr. Leonard Schmit. High mass was usually celebrated. Anna Maria 
Host, Margaret Amend and Jacob Westrich were the first singers. 

During the week before Christmas, Father Kundig made his first visit 
to Spring Prairie, where he ofifered the Holy Sacrifice in the house of Mr. 
Louis Kern. On the same day seven children were baptized. Divine ser- 
vices were held in this place three times only, and after that they were held 
in Burlington. 

In the year 1843 the following families arrived in Burlington: John and 
Anna O'Neil, John and Catherine Wagner, David and Jane Powdelly, Ber- 
nard and Agnes Hess, Richard and Eleonora Naegel, Philip and Barbara 
Prasch, Anton and Margaret Koch, Henry and Barbara Beck, Patrick and 
Helen Callahan, Lewis and Teresa Kern, Martin and Elizabeth Eisenbart, 
Mathew and Maria Klingele and Francis Meinhardt. In 1844 William and 
Helen McCarthy, Peter and Mary Cunningham, Michael and Margaret Cun- 
ningham, Henry and Elizabeth Fuestmann, Elizabeth Kresken (widow), 
Herman and Maria Catherine Rombeck, Catherine Klunkefuss (widow), 
Carl Klunkefuss, .\loysius and Elizabeth Boschert, Bernard and Josephine 
Buschmann, John and Barbara Prasch, Jacob and Maria Anna Prasch, Law- 
rence and Elizabeth Gies, Adolph James and Maria Anna Plate, Mathias and 


Anna Maria Leber, Louis and Christine Tlieule, Anton and Catherine Grass, 
Joseph and Barbara Grass. Thus the number of Cathohcs increased con- 

Erection of the First Catholic Church. — In the same year (1844) 
they commenced the construction of the new church. In autumn of the same 
year stones were hauled and the foundation was begun. The majority of 
the families had brought little or nothing with them. Money was very scarce 
and in consequence of this the building rose very, very slowly. After many 
hardships and toils the roof at last covered the church and the interior was 
so far completed that the divine mysteries could be commemorated. 

Only after three years, in 1847, the church was dedicated. In December 
of 1845 Rev. Francis H. Kendeler came to Burlington as temporary pastor, 
to whom we owe the record of the families of the first years. During his 
absence of a few months the Rev. Fathers Schraudenbach, Kundig and Heiss 
administered to his flock. 

On the 9th day of October. 1847, Rev. Michael Wisbauer came as re- 
siding pastor of St. Sebastian's congregation, which name the new church 
was to bear. A month after the arrival of Rev. Father Wisbauer, on the 8th of 
November, the Rt. Rev. Bishop Henni came to Burlington for the first time, ac- 
companied by the Rev. Fathers Kundig and Heiss. The following day. on 
Nov. 9th, the new church was dedicated to the service of God, and placed un- 
der the special protection of St. Sebastian. After this, eighty persons re- 
ceived the Sacrament of Confirmation. The hearts of all present were filled 
with joy when they saw the day to which they had so long looked forward, 
and which was now realized before their happy eyes. All their sacrifices 
were fuHv rewarded. 

Rev. Father Wisbauer began with courage and energy to pursue the 
work of his new field of labor. He visited his scattered flock, admonishing 
and encouraging them to remain faithful to their holy Faith. The congrega- 
tion prospered and grew very rapidly under his care, so much so that after 
some years the church proved to be too small and the necessity of a new church 
became more and more pressing. 

The Second Church. — In the year 1854 it was resolved to build a 
larger church, for which the foundation was begun in autumn of trie same 
year. The plan was designed by Mr. Schulte, of Milwaukee. The structure 
was to be 45 x 1 10 feet, and it was to have a stately steeple. 

In the following year, 1855, on the 9th of September, the Rt. Rev. Bishop 
Henni administered the Sacrament of Confirmation in St. Sebastian's Church. 
After the sacred functions were over the cornerstone of the new church was 
laid, which was to bear the name of the Immaculate Conception. 

What a project! With only one dollar in their treasury stones were 
quarried, lime was burned and, the first supply being exhausted, want of 
money compelled tliem to suspend their work for some time, until after five 
full years the work was completed. 

On the 8th of December, the feast of the Immaculate Conception (1859), 
the new church was solemnly dedicated by the Rt. Rev. Bishop Henni. On 
the following day, December 9th, the Bishop confirmed and a new bell was 
blessed. At this celebration the illustrious Dr. Salzman delivered the sermon. 


The following clergy were present : Thomas Schmith. Thomas Kernan, 
Martin Weiss, Sebastian Sonner, Jacob Stehle and Michael Beitter. The 
above mentioned priests have all gone to their eternal home. 

The masonry was managed by Joseph Wackerman and John Rueter, 
the carpenter work by Henry Bnrhaus and Henry Rueter, and the rafters and 
steeple were built by John Kemptner, who was greatly interested in the entire 

St. ^Mary's Church was for a time one of the most beautiful churches of 
Wisconsin and certainly the honor and ornament of the congregation. The 
church being w-ell provided for, there remained but one wish of Father Wis- 
bauer to be fulfilled and this was the school. Secular teachers had been trusted 
with the education of the youth at different times, but in i860 three school 
Sisters from the Notre Dame convent in Milwaukee took charge of St. Mary's 
School and have continued their work to the present day. 

From that time forward the progress of the congregation was still 
greater. Every year witnessed new improvements, a parsonage was built, 
etc. To be brief, renovations were made, both the exterior as well as the in- 
terior of the church being em]3ellished. 

Father Wisbauer was universally venerated as a father. This proved 
itself in a most touching manner on the occasion of his Silver Jubilee as pas- 
tor, in 1872. Still more at the celebration of his Golden Jubilee as priest, 
in August, 1884. when the sincere love and reverence of his people was mani- 
fested so strikingly. It was a jubilee in the fullest sense of the word, un- 
marred nor disturbed by any discord. To his great delight he could celebrate 
the first of the above named events with his most devoted friend. Dr. Salz- 
man. who had brought with him all the students of the seminary to solemnize 
the joyful occasion. All eyes were filled with tears of joy when Dr. Salz- 
man addressed his venerable colleague, reminding him of bygone days, and 
of their own beautiful home beyond the mighty waters, which they had left 
to follow a higher calling to save souls and gain them for heaven. When 
in 1884 this village was thronged with people to celebrate the Golden Jubilee 
of their venerable pastor, they beheld him in the midst of high dignitaries of 
the church — three bishops, his friends, who had come to honor him with their 
presence. How must his noble heart have expanded with joy and gratitude! 
And with a just pride the congregation looked up at their beloved pastor, who 
was so singularly iionored. Thus the life of this noble and benevolent priest 
passed cjuietly and peacefully among his cherished flock, to whom he was ever 
a faithful and true shepherd. On the 20th day of December, 1889, he followed 
the call of his divine Master, who summoned him to rest in a far brighter 
world, and his remains were interred three days later, in the churchyard. His 
name will ever be sacred as that of a good shepherd, a faithful priest accord- 
ing to the heart of God, and as one of the most deserving pioneers of the 
Church of Wisconsin. 

For some time after this the Capuchin Fathers took charge of the congre- 
gation, for, the Rt. Rev. Archbishop Heiss being sick at the hospital in La- 
crosse, no successor was appointed. After a few months the Archbishop died, 
and expressed himself to I3ishop Flasch that it was his wish that the Rev. 


Father Jacubs, of Sinsinawa Mound, should be the pastor of St. Mary's 
Church, BurHngton. 

After the aeath of the archbishop, Rev. Father Zeininger was appointed 
administrator of the Archdiocese. Shortly after this the administrator re- 
quested Father Jacobs to accept the parish at Burlington. The latter, how- 
ever, was not inclined to comply with his wish, having just completed a new 
church and parsonage at Sinsmawa Mound. Upon a second request he con- 
sented, and came to Burlington May 6, 1890. 

The congregation was large, but there was much indeed to be wished for. 
An old empty parsonage, a church by far too small in comparison to the num- 
ber of parishioners, and a few old school buildings which would not accommo- 
date all the children, was what he found. Father Jacobs considered the matter, 
summoned the whole congregation, and laid the necessities of the congrega- 
tion before them. His proposals met with opposition. He made a second at- 
tempt and succeeded. He therefore bought the beautiful corner lot from the 
Sisters for $500, which he presented to the congregation on condition that they 
would build a new church and parsonage on the grounds. The ofier was will- 
ingly accepted, whereupon they resolved to go to work at once. Father Jacobs 
was unanimously elected as secretary and treasurer. Messrs. Schnetzky & 
Liebert, of Milwaukee, designed the plan, and already in the month of August 
the foundation was laid. The dimensions of the new church were to be 61 x 
136 feet, with a tower 186 feet high. In the course of the follow'ing winter all 
material for the building was procured and in the spring work was begun with 
full energy. Father Jacobs superintended the building himself and took up the 
subscriptions personally. 

The work proceeded very rapidly during the summer months, so that the 
church and parsonage were completed that very autumn. Mr. Joseph Schunk 
attended to the carpenter work, Albert Kroening to the masonry, Rueter & 
Zarneke built the foundation. Zwiebel & Co. put in the heating apparatus. 
Messrs. Joseph and Frank Rueter built the parsonage. Notwithstanding that 
the stones for the foundation, the sand, etc., were furnished gratis, by which 
$10,000 was saved, the expenditures for building still amounted to over $40,- 

On December loth the new church was solemnly dedicated by Rt. Rev. 
Archbishop Katzer. Rev. Father Miller, of Waukesha, delivered the English 
and Rev. Father Kuemper of Sherrill's Mound, Iowa, the German sermon. 
More than twenty priests w'ere present at this solemnity. Every last place in 
the church was taken, testifying that 1,200 persons attended the services. This 
was evidently a very joyous day, not only for the whole parish but for the 
whole city and its surroundings. The magnificent edifice, so rapidly completed, 
evidently demanded arduous labor on the part of Father Jacobs and the trus- 
tees of the congregation. The decoration of the interior of the church was the 
next object which involved the whole interest of the Reverend Pastor. First 
of all, pews, chandeliers and statues, etc., were procured. Numerous very 
beautiful gifts were donated by individual members. 

In the year 1892 Father Jacobs made a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, dur- 
ing which time Rev. Father Schinner administered in his place. During his 
absence Rev. Philip Klein, a child of the congregation, celebrated his first holy 


mass on the ist of August. During the foUuwing j-ear a second son of the 
congregation, Joseph bchenimer, was ordained. '1 lie latter, however, had he- 
longed to the congregation until his ninth year only. On his return, Eather 
Jacohs presented the church the beautiful stations of the cross which he had 
bought m Munich for the sum of $1,150. 

Until now the church alone was the sole center of all the noble endeavors. 
Now his attention was directed toward the school. He resolved to sell the two 
old school buildings and the grounds and to change the old church into a 
school. The buildmg was thoroughly renovated, the roof was renewed, the 
steeple taken down, and other necessary alterations were made. The whole 
building was divided into two stories. On the first floor are five large spacious 
schoolrooms ; the whole second story contains a hall, a stage and sceneries, and 
is well supplied with fine, comfortable seats. The dimensions of the hall are 
45x110 feet. The building is heated by steam. The congregation therefore 
possesses a school and hall not very often surpassed. Three sisters and a 
secular teacher were employed in the school, which had an attendance of 240 
children at the time. The total expenses for the school and hall were $6,300. 

One thing still remained to be done that the work might be called complete, 
the frescoing of the church. Eather Jacobs himself took the responsibility of 
having the church painted in hand, and immediately gave his subscription of 
$300 for the purpose. The balance was to be covered by other voluntary con- 
tributions. The famous artist, A. Liebig, of Milwaukee, w'as entrusted with 
the work, which was promptly begun July i, 1895. The altars were also 
renovated, new carpets were laid, and the electric lights put in, generously do- 
nated by Mr. Leonard Smith. After seven months the work was executed in 
every detail, adding $3,500 further to the cost of the church. Thanks to the 
untiring zeal and noble influence of Eather Jacobs, the cash was on hand before 
the work was completed. 

It remains to be mentioned that the parish honored the memory of the 
first beloved pastor. Rev. Eather Wisbauer, by erecting a chapel over his re- 
mains in the churchyard in 1892. This was also richly frescoed at the expense 
of Mrs. J. Kemptner, whose deceased husband had made the plans for the 
chapel, "willing hands contributed $1,000, which w-as the sum required to 
cover the cost of the memorial chapel. 

On Jan. i, 1896, the total debt of the congregation was $7,600. Erom this 
time on improvements were made gradually and new things added to the in- 
terior of the church, among others a handsome altar rail donated by Eather 
Jacobs, costing $1,475. 

On Jan. i. 1901, the standing of St. Mary's Congregation was: No debts 
whatever. Cash on hand in treasury, $3,019.35. Cash on hand belonging to 
Schoiil Eund, $6,797.15. 

In 1904 an organ was placed in the church at a cost of $3,050. provided 
for by a public subscription : it was made by B. Schaefer, of Schleisingerville, 
Wis.' They have recently placed in the main altar, donated by Rev. Eather 
Jacobs and his cousin. Miss Christine Roller, the former paying $3,000 and the 
"latter $500. 

May St. Mary's Congregation continue to flourish, and may God's bless- 
ing be with all its members, is the sincere wnsh of its pastor. 

April 20. 1906. T. Jacobs, Burlington. Wisconsin. 


FREDERICK O. PARKER, of the Parker Brothers Transfer, Ke- 
nosha, Wis., is one of that city's substantial and representative business men. 
He was born in Kenosha, Wis., June 30, 1856, son of Oscar and Rachel 
(Gardinier) Parker, natives of New York State, the former of Buffalo, and 
the latter of Little Falls. Herkimer county. 

The father of our subject was a graduate of the University of Michigan 
at Ann Arbor, and after leaving school went to Cold Water, Mich., remain- 
ing at his father's hotel there for some years. In 1854 he came to Kenosha, 
where he located permanently, and followed contracting until his death in 
1895, in the faith of the ^lethodist Church, to which his wife also belonged. 
For some years Oscar Parker was a justice of the peace in Michigan. He 
and his wife had seven children, four of whom are now living; Mattie. the 
wife of Richard Drum of Kenosha; Frances, the wife of H. W. Sammons of 
Spring-field, 111. ; and Frederick O. and Charles P., of Kenosha. 

Frederick O. Parker was reared in Kenosha, and this has always been 
his home. He attended the public schools and learned the bricklayer's trade, 
after which he followed the lakes for some years, and also did contract work. 
For about twenty years he has been engaged in the contract business, and has 
been operating, in company with his brother Charles P., a bus, cab and car- 
riage and baggage transfer business. He is well known by traveling men all 
over the Laiited States. 

On Sept. 22, 1876, Mr. Parker married Miss Flora E. Miller, daughter 
of Capt. Charles Chauncey and Julia (Eastman) Miller, and to this union 
have been born eight children, four sons and four daughters, as follows : 
Harry Fredric is in the butcher business and operates two meat markets in 
Kenosha ; he married Frances Beinnemann. Julia died aged about two years. 
Bessie died aged about four years. Alan died when not quite three vears of 
age. Nettie married F. C. Mulligan, and lives at home. Alice married 
Charles Schulin. Edward and Alan are in school. Mr. and ^Irs. Parker are 
IMethodists. Politically he is a Republican. Mr. Parker's residence is sit- 
uated at No. 271 Lake avenue. 

Mrs. Parker's father was a native of Erie county. Pa., and her mother 
of Cattaraugus county, N. Y. They had eight children, three of whom are 
now living: Mrs. Parker, of Kenosha; Frank T., of Chicago; and Esther, 
wife of Dr. Leonard Lower, of Chicago. Capt. Charles Chauncey Miller 
was a farmer in early life. For many years he was a lake captain, and for the 
past twelve years has lived in Chicago, where he is now a night watchman for 
a large factorv. His wife died in 1873. in her thirty-sixth year, in the faith 
of the r^Iethodist Church, to which he also belongs. 

The paternal grandfather of Mrs. Parker was Thomas D. Miller, a na- 
tive of Pennsvlvania, who was one of the early settlers of Southport, Wis., 
coming here in 18^3. He farmed in Pleasant Prairie township for some 
years, and died in Kenosha in his eightieth year, while his wife, Phoebe Mer- 
shon, died in middle life. Thomas D. Miller was a soldier in the war of 1812. 
Mrs. Parker's maternal grandfather was John H. Eastman, a native of New 
York State and a bricklayer. He was an earlv settler of Kenosha, and there 
died aged seventy years, while his wife. Almira Larabee, passed away aged 
about seventv-five. 


REV. THEODORE B. MEYER, pastor of St. Mary's Roman Catholic 
Church, Racine, has had his present charge since October, 1896, and is counted 
one of the most effective rehgious workers in the city. His interest in the wel- 
fare of Racine and its environs is but natural, since he is a native of Racine 
county and a member of one of its pioneer families. 

The Meyer family is of German extraction. Father ^leyer's paternal 
grandfather was a native of Kaltenborn, Germany, and was engaged as a small 
farmer and miner. His death was the result of an accident in a mine. His 
wife's maiden name was Jungmann, and they had a large family. 

Peter Meyer, father of Rev. Theodore B. Meyer, was born in the Rhine 
Province, Prussia, near the city of Treves. There he was reared and there he 
received a good education. W'hen a young man he came to America, in May, 
1845, making his first location in Racine, Wis., and soon afterward found 
work on a farm at Milton Junction, Rock Co., Wis. In 1847 he returned to the 
Fatherland, coming to America again in the spring of 1848, when he was ac- 
companied by his sisters Mary and r^Iagdalene. In 1850 he settled down in the 
w-estern part of Caledonia township, Racine county, where he engaged in farm- 
ing, having a tract of eighty acres, and he subsequently carried on a general 
store also. He w'as one of the first to start the movement which resulted in the 
founding of the St. Louis Roman Catholic Church at Caledonia, in 1850. he 
and his wife being charter members, and ahvays active in the work of the 
Church. Mr. Meyer donated an acre of ground from his farm for the church 
edifice. He was also prominent in public affairs, being a man of unusual intel- 
ligence, and served as town clerk, town treasurer and supervisor. Appreciat- 
ing the advantages of education, he studied English after settling in this coun- 
try, at Milton, Wis., at the farm where he worked, and taught one of the 
first schools in Madison, and one term near the city. 

Mr. Meyer married Angeline Epper. who was also born in the Rhine 
Province, at Mersch. Kreis Bittburg, near Trier, daughter of Jacob and Susan 
(Huss) Epper. Jacob Epper came to America in 1848. settling in Paris. Ken- 
osha Co.. Wis., where he engaged in farming, and where he became well 
known. His old homestead there is still standing. His death resulted from 
freezing. His wife reached the advanced age of ninety-two years. They had 
a large family, of whom the oldest son was a soldier in the Prussian army, and 
reputed to have been the strongest man in that army. Peter and Angeline 
(Epper) Meyer became the parents of thirteen children of whom twelve grew 
to maturity and still survive ; ten are married and nine have families. One 
daughter. Sister Mary Jerome, now teaching school, at Fowler, Mich., has 
been a member in the Dominican convent at Racine for twenty-five years. Two 
of the sons, John and Peter, are residents of Milwaukee, the former being a 
teacher and organist of St. Francis Church, in that city, and the latter engaged 
in business as a merchant, on Warren avenue. The mother died Aug. 2, 1884, 
at the age of fifty-four years, and the father has for the past eighteen years 
made his home principally with his son. Father Meyer. He is now (1905) 
eighty-one years old. 

Theodore B. Meyer was born Felx 13. 1833, in Caledonia, Racine county, 
and was reared there. The first Catholic school there was opened in 1856. and 
he attended that school from 1838 to 1863. In the fall of 1868 he entered St. 

Of'^ 0^^. (G>. Jli 



Francis Seminary, .Milwaukee, and was there ordained to the priesthood June 
24, 1877, by Archbishop Henni. His first appointment was at Oshkosh, \vis., 
where he served as assistant to Father Reindl, at the Vincent de Paul Church] 
from July, 1877, to December of that year. His next charge was at Granville', 
Milwaukee county, where he was pastor of St. Catharines and St. Michael s 
from Dec. 23, 1877, ""til December, 1880. That month Archbishop Henni 
sent him. to Wilson, Sheboygan Co., Wis., to take charge of the two churches 
of St. George and St. Rose, and there he remained until September, 1887. 
During this time he not only proved himself a good spiritual adxiser, but also 
did much for the material good of his charges. In the year 1884 he had the 
interior of both churches beautifully decorated, and also made repairs on the 
schoolhouses of both parishes. In 1886 he erected a fine parish house in Wil- 
son for St. George's. 

On Sept. 16, 1887, Father Meyer began his work as pastor of St, Mary's, 
in Saukville, Ozaukee Co., Wis., and there he labored fruitfully until October, 
1896. He found the parish struggling under a debt of $4,000, which under 
his efficient management was soon liquidated. In 1891 the interior of the 
beautiful church was remodeled in fitting style, and ornamented w-ith elaborate 
frescoing, supplementing improvements made in 1889, when new pews and 
stairs to the choir loft were put in. In 1896 the school building was enlarged, 
but with all this expenditure the parish was practically free from debt, Father 
Meyer himself having collected not less than $8,000. During his nine years' 
stay in Saukville, he visited the entire parish at least five times. 

Transferred to Racine by Most Rev. Archbishop F. X. Katzer, Father 
Meyer arrived here in the second week of November, 1896. St. Mary's was 
then in much the same condition he had found existing at his former charge, 
and he has had ample opportunity for the exercise of his executive ability in 
the administration of its affairs. The church debt was $7,500, interest in the 
various societies was at a low ebb, the school and parish house were in need of 
repairs, and conditions generally were disheartening. But Father Meyer was 
hopeful and ever enthusiastic, and the cordial welcome given him by the entire 
parish encouraged him to take hold of the work with vigor. First he reorgan- 
ized the old societies and founded new ones. On Jan. 6, 1897, he changed the 
Woman's Sodality to a Christian Mothers' Association, under the direction of 
the church, the reception of members on that day was 137, while now there are 
194 active members. In May, 1897, he founded the Sodality of the Immaculate 
Conception, which now has a membership of 172. On St. Aloysius Day, -.Sgy, 
the St. Aloysuis Society, which now has ninety members, was organized. The 
St. Bonifacius School Society, which now has 150 memliers, was also put upon 
a solid basis. During July, 1898, under the auspices of the different societies, 
a successful fair was held to raise monev for the discharge of the debt. The 
profits were $2,460, this lessening the debt considerably. 

In 1900, through the influence of Father Meyer, the parish house, which 
is located at No. 800 Wisconsin street, was renovated at an expense of $1,800. 
A story was added over the kitchen, and the whole house was equipped with 
hot water heat and all modern improvements. As the schoolhouse was in verv 
bad condition it was resolved at a meeting held in June, 1901, to build an addi- 
tion to the building and also to repair the old school. The resolution was 



passed unaninuiusly, and the new building was commenced at once according 
to plans made by D. R. Da\is. The contractors were Louis Tharinger, car- 
penter, and John Siepler, mason, both of whom fulfilled their obligations to the 
utmost satisfaction of all concerned. The cost of putting up the new struc- 
ture and completely equipping the old one with modern improvements amounted 
to $6,200, and the work was finished by the beginning of November. The 
dedication, by Rev. J. A. Birkhauser, assisted by various priests of the city, 
took place on Thanksgiving Day, and that evening an entertainment and sup- 
per were given in the building, which netted a profit of $180. The church 
is located at the corner of Eighth street and College a\-enue, and the school 
adjoins it on the south. All the buildings of the parish are now complete and 
in good condition, and although the current expenses are heavy the congrega- 
tion can look forward to a future of great prosperity and contentment. The 
church now has a membership of about two hundred families, and i/O pupils 
are enrolled in the school. 

On July 2, 1902, Rev. Theodore B. ]\Ieyer celebrated the silver jubilee of 
his entrance into the priesthood. He had no intention originally of specially 
observing the day, but at the solicitation of his friends he decided to hold ap- 
propriate services, and the occasion resolved itself into one of great festivity. 
Over seventy priests were present at the ceremony, among them the vicars 
general of Milwaukee and La Crosse. The spirit displayed by his own par- 
ishioners is worthy of special notice. Young and old vied in honoring their 
spiritual guide and wishing him future joy, and the various societies, all of 
which owe their present flourishing condition to his untiring labors, took ad- 
vantage of the opportunity to show their appreciation and affectionate esteem, 
for one wIki has given his best effort in their behalf. Thanksgiving Day of 
1902 (Nov. 27th) was the fiftieth anniversary of the founding of St. Mary's 
congregation, and under the auspices of Father Meyer, on that day. was cele- 
brated the golden jubilee of the event. The services were impressive and large- 
ly attended. Archbishop Katzer being among the distinguished dignitaries who 
lent their presence to the religious festival. 

LORENZO C. WARD, an influential farmer citizen of \\'aterford 
township. Racine county, was born in Gaines township. Orleans Co.. N. Y.. 
Feb. 18, 1834. son of Noah C. and Betsey (Rowley) Ward, natives of 

Orlando Ward, paternal grandfather of Lorenzo C. Ward, was burn in 
Vermont, and followed farming in the town of Poultney. Rutland countv. 
He and his wife, Phoebe (Wood) Ward, removed to Orleans countv, N. Y., 
and later into Niagara county, where both died when past middle life. They 
had a large family. 

Phineas Rowley, the maternal grandfather of Lorenzo C. Ward, was 
also a native of \'ermont. and removed to New York State, locating in Or- 
leans county, where he followed farming until his death, at an advanced age. 
He married Jane Anderson, and they had a family of six or seven children. 

Noah C. and Betsey (Rowley) Ward removed to New York State and 
settled in Orleans county, and also lived for some time in Niagara county. N. 
\. They had two children, Lorenzo C, and Margaret Jane, the latter now 


the widuw of Albert Bachus, an<l living in the town of Gaines, Orleans Co., 
X. Y. Xoah C. Ward always engaged in farming, and also operated a tan- 
nery for a short time after his marriage. He traded a horse for his first fifty 
acres of land in Niagara county, N. Y., where he owned at one time from 150 
to 180 acres. He died in Niagara county, ten years after his wife passedi 
away. They were old-school Presbyterians. 

Lorenzo C. Ward was reared in Niagara county, X. Y., on his father's 
farm. His first schooling was obtained in the old-fashioned subscription 
schools held in log cabins, with slabs for seats, and he later supplemented this 
with a course at the Wilson Collegiate Institute. Mr. Ward taught school 
for a number of years, and in 1861 came to Wisconsin and settled in Water- 
ford township, Racine county, where he taught for two winter terms, selling- 
apple trees in the summer season. From this latter occupation he was nick- 
named by his old friends "Appletree W^ard," this name being given him by 
an old German who wanted to pay him a bill and could not remember his first 
name. Mr. Ward's first purchase of land in Waterford township consisted of 
twenty acres. He has bought and sold at different times, and now owns 140 
acres, well improved, at the village of Caldwell. 

On Jan. 6, 1863, Mr. Ward married Miss Ellen G. W'ard, daughter of 
Lorenzo and Harriet (Caldwell) Ward, her father being an uncle to our sub- 
ject; her mother was the daughter of Joseph Caldwell, and one of the first set- 
tlers of W^aterford township, and it was after her family that the village of 
Caldwell was named. 

Lorenzo and Harriet Ward were natives of Vermont, and were among 
the first settlers of W^aterford township, Racine county. They had two 
daughters and one son: Ellen G.. Mrs. Lorenzo C. Ward; Emma, also de- 
ceased, who was the wife of Fred Simons ; and Francis. 

Seven children were born to 'Sir. and Mrs. Lorenzo C. Ward, as fol- 
lows: Leon C, Elmer G., Jay R., Adnah F., Glen R., Don R., and Melva H. 
Leon C, who is deceased, married Mary Davis, and they had one daughter, 
Leona. Elmer G., who is in the employ of Godfrey & Sons, of Milwaukee, 
married Elizabeth Perry, and they have two children. Mildred and Albert. 
Jay R. works for the same firm ; he and his wife, Ida, have one son, Gerald. 
Adnah F. died at Albuquerque, N. M., in 1895. Glen R., who works his 
father's land, married Daisy King. Don R. is attending business college at 
Oshkosh. ^Telva H. is studying music in New York State. 

Mrs. Ellen G. Ward, the wife of Lorenzo C. Ward, died Feb. 2, 1896. 
She was a memlier of the Methodist Church, in whose doctrines Mr. \\'ard 
also believes, although he is not especially connected with any church. Po- 
litically he is a Republican, but he does not take any active part in local mat- 
ters outside of the interest shown by any good citizen. During the Civil war; 
Mr. Ward went to enlist, Init was rejected on account of rheumatism. He is 
one of the good citizens of Waterford township, and is highly esteemed by all 
who know him. 

JOHN GRIFFITH WILLIA:\IS, junior member of the well-known 
firm of Schweitzer & \Villiams, proprietors of the White Star Laundrv. Ra- 
cine, Wis., is an energetic and enterprising business man. He is a native of 


Racine, born July 16, i860, son of John T. and Ann (Williams) Williams, 
natives of Wales, who were the parents of five children, three ot whom are 
now living : Emma, who died when only two months old ; John G. ; Winnie, 
the wife of John A. Klema, of Waukegan, 111. ; Joseph D., shipping clerk of 
the J. I. Case Plow Works, of Racine, and Griffith, who died at the age of 
six years. 

The paternal great-grandfather of John G. Williams was Thomas 
Williams, his wife's name being Margaret. Their son, John, the grandfather 
of John G., married Mary Roberts (Rhosfarch), and their children were: 
John T., Thomas, Morgan, Lewis, Robert, Mary, Elizabeth and Jane. 

John T. Williams (Caeceinach) was a carpenter by trade. He came to 
America about 1850, first settling in Syracuse, N. Y., and later located in 
Racine, where he married, and continued to follow his trade until his death. 
He was born April 11, 181 1, and his death occurred in February, 1892. Mrs. 
Williams survived him, her death occurring in January, 1894, in her sixty- 
fifth year. Both were members of the Welsh Congregational Church, Mr. 
Williams being one of the first members of the Racine congregation, of which 
he was a deacon for some time. 

Griffith Williams, of Machynlleth, John Griffith Williams's maternal 
grandfather, was born in Wales, and was a first cousin of Hugh Williams, a 
lawyer of Machynlleth, Montgomeryshire, and one of his daughters married 
Ricliard Cobden, the great English Reformer and member of Parliament. 
Griffith Williams became a substantial farmer. He came to America about 
1850, and located on a farm near Cambria, whence he removed to Osage, 
Iowa. He married three times, his first wife, Gwen, dying on the ocean voy- 
age coming to this country. She was the mother of all his children, viz. : 
Mary, Ann, Owen, Ellin, Susan, Margaret, Jane, Elizabeth, and an in- 
fant that died in New York. One son, Owen Williams, went to California, 
where he accumulated considerable property, and where he died in April, 

The great-grandfather of John G. Williams on the maternal side was 
Owen Williams, of Brongadair, near Port Madoc, Wales. 

Tracing the genealogy of John G. Williams more systematically, it has 
been found that in his native country he is closely related to the Kendricks, 
of Glyn Hall, near Harlech, North Wales. The heiress of Glyn Hall married 
an Ormsby-Gore, of Porkington, Salop, there1:)y uniting the two estates. This 
family is now represented by the third Baron Harlech. 

John Griffith Williams was reared in Racine, where he attended the 
Franklin public school. He learned the machinist's trade, beginning when 
about eighteen years of age at the works of the Racine Hardware Manufac- 
turing Company, and followed his trade until 1887, in February of which 
year he embarked in the laundry business, forming a partnership with A. F. 
Buse and establishing the Parisian Laundry. This partnership continued un- 
til 1890. when three laundries were consolidated — the Parisian Steam, the 
Hagman Steam and the W'hite Star — the business of the three being con- 
ducted under the firm name of the White Star Laundry Compnnv. Mr. Buse 
sold his interest to the company, and later Mr. George ^^^ Schweitzer was 
associated in the business, since when operations have been carried nn under 


the name of the W'liite Star Laundry, with Mr. Geurge W. Schweitzer and 
Mr. John Griffith Wilhanis as proprietors. 

On April 10, 1894, Mr. WiUiams married Aliss Luhi .M. \\'icl<ham, 
daughter ot Wesley \V. and Alice (Genung) Wickham, and there is one sun 
by this union, John Wesley Williams. Mrs. Williams is a member of tlie 
Episcopal Church. Mr. Williams is a member of Racine Lodge, No. 32, 
Knights of Pythias, and is also connected with the Old Settlers' Society, an 
incorporated society owning its own grounds at Union Grove, located about 
the center of Racine county. Mr. Williams resides at No. 11 24 Wisconsin 
street, where he owns a fine, modern home. 

Wesley W. Wickham, Mrs. Williams's father, was Ijorn in Middletown, 
Orange Co., N. Y., and her mother, Alice Adelia (Genung) Wickham, near 
LaHarpe, Hancock Co., 111., in the village of Terre Haute. There were four 
children born to them, three of whom are living: Ophelia Maud, now the 
wife of Luther Grant Kucker, of Englewood, Chicago, 111. ; Lulu Marion, 
Mrs. Williams; and Alice May, wife of Francis H. Merchant, of Waukegan. 
Mr. Wickham came to Chicago when fourteen years of age and in 1859-60 
made a trip overland to the Rocky Mountains in company with about thirty 
men, to establish a quartz mill above Denver. Two years later he returned 
to Chicago and entered the employ of the United States Express Company, as 
messenger, and in 1875 ^'^'as given an office at St. Paul, Minn. A short time 
later he was transferred to Waukegan, where he remained as agent until 1895. 
when he was again transferred, this time to a Chicago agency, where he has 
since remained. He has been in the employ of that company for forty-three 
years continuously. He was reared a Methodist and INIrs. \\'ickham an Epis- 

Horace Wickham, the paternal grandfather of Mrs. \Villiams, was a na- 
tive of New York, of English descent, and was a harness and trunk manufac- 
turer by occupation. He was greatly interested in church work. He married 
Matilda Blacker McCann, of County Armagh, Ireland, and they had seven 
children, two sons and five daughters. He died at the age of forty-two years, 
and his wife in her sixty-sixth year. His father was Barnabas Wickham, who 
came from England and settled in Orange county. N. Y. Mrs. Matilda Blacker 
(McCann) Wickham was the daughter of Henry and Matilda (Blacker) 
McCann. The Blacker family belongs to the royal family of Blacks of 
Blacker Castle, Ireland. 

The maternal grandfather of Mrs. Williams was Samuel Freemam 
Genung, proliably a native of Indiana, of French descent. The name was 
originally spelled "geNung." His wife was Cynthia Ann Burns, a native of 
Missouri, autl they had ten children, seven sons and three daughters. Mr. 
Genung was a carpenter and contractor. He died in 1886, aged sixty-one 
years, while his wife survived him and passed her seventy-first vear. Cynthia 
Ann Burns first married a Mr. Kirkendall. a wealthy plantation owner of 
Louisiana, who was killed in his cotton-mill a year after his marriage, leaving 
a young widow of eighteen years. Soon afterward she came north to Illinois. 
where she made the acf|uaintance of her future husband. 

DAVID HURN. one of the best known citizens of Union Grove, Racine 
Co., Wis., where he has followed farming for a number of years, is now 


living retired. He was born in Cambridgeshire, England, Dec. 25, 1835, son 
of Jonn and Alary (W arner) Hurn, natives of England. 

His grandparents on both tne paternal and maternal sides died in Eng- 
land, grandfather Warner being a loreman of a large estate in that country. 
Of his family, which consisted of one son and six uaughters, the son was a 
soldier for nnieteen years. 

John Hurn, the father of David, was a farmer, following that occupa- 
tion for hfty years. He was three times married, having one child by his 
first wife, five by his second wife, and eigliteen by his third wife, who was the 
mother of David Hurn. He died aged eighty-eight years, while his last wife 
died about 1862, aged fifty-two years. 

David Hurn was reared in England, where he received but a limited 
education. On coming to America, in 1867, he worked out by the month for 
his uncle, Abram Asplin, in Yorkville township, Racine Co., Wis., and for 
several other farmers. He then rented farms for a number of years, until he 
had accumulated enough to purchase a tract of 100 acres adjoining Union 
Grove on the west, and forty-four acres in the village. This he improved, and 
sold it in 1896. He then purchased a farm of eighty acres in Somers town- 
ship, Kenosha county, which he also improved. Air. Hurn also owns a pretty 
home in Union Grove, and several lots. 

In 1863 Mr. Hurn married Miss Mary Ann Perkins, daughter of John 
Perkins, and to this union there were born three sons and three daughters, 
all of whom died in infancy with the exception of the oldest son, Walter, who 
lives in Kenosha ; he married Hattie Bohannan, and has one daughter. Mrs. 
Mary Ann Perkins died in March, 1885. In 1890 Mr. Hurn married (sec- 
ond) Miss Mary Alice Dixon, daughter of James and Mary Dixon, and one 
son has been born to this marriage, Mark. 

Mr. Hurn is a member of the Methodist Church, having joined that de- 
nomination over thirty years ago. Politically he is a Republican, and he was 
road commissioner for six years. He has been a resident of Yorkville town- 
ship for thirty-eight years, and during all that time his actions have been such 
as to win for him the confidence and esteem of those with whom he has come 
in contact. He is a man of quiet disposition, but sturdy character, and is 
strong and rugged for one of his years. His wife belongs to one of the early 
settled families of Racine county, has lived nearly all of her life here, and is 
justly entitled to worthy mention for the part she has played in the develop- 
ment of the country, sharing, with her husband, the respect and high esteem 
of neighbors and friends. 

HEXRY HALTER, a well-known agriculturist of Racine county. Wis., 
at present engaged in the cultivation of his farm on Section 31, Mt. Pleasant 
township, was born in Oak Creek township, Milwaukee county, Oct. 13. 1855, 
son of Louis and Mary (Kunselmann) Halter, natives of Alsace-Lorraine. 

Louis Halter, the' paternal grandfatlier, was a native of Germany. He 
came to America in 1837, and to Wisconsin two years later, locating in the 
town of Lake, Milwaukee county, where he engaged in farming. There he 
died in middle life. His first wife passed away in Germany about 1825, after 
which Mr. Halter married twice. He was one of the earliest pioneers of Oak 


Creek township, and owned several farms, which he afterward ga\e to his 

Frank Kunsehiiann, the maternal grandfather uf Henrv Halter, came to 
America from Germany, and settled in Oak Creek township. Milwaukee coun- 
ty, where he followed gardening. He died there in middle life, while his wife, 
who was Catherine Kilber before marriage, lived to be eighty-fnur vears old. 
The mother of our subject was their only child. 

Louis Halter, the father of Henry, was a cabinetmaker in Germany. 
Coming to America when about fifteen years old, he lived two years in Al- 
bany. N. Y., and came West to Milwaukee at an early day, 1839, living in 
Oak Creek township. Milwaukee county, for about twenty years. He then 
removed to Caledonia, Racine county, and there lived about forty-two years, 
dying at the home of his son Henry% Dec. 26, 1904, aged eighty-four years, 
eleven months, sixteen days. Mr. Halter was noted for his generosity and 
helpfulness. He made it his business to see to the w^elfare of strangers, and 
even the Indians came to him for advice. He was bright, active and strong 
to the last. When he first settled in Oak Creek township he was obliged to 
w^ade the streams to reach Milwaukee, but later he was active himself in 
building good roads and laying out the country generally. His wife died in 
1888, aged fifty-eight years. Both were members of the Catholic Church. 
Their children were: Catherine, the wife of Charles J. Mohr. of Racine; 
Frank, of Mankato, Minn.; Louisa, who died in infancy; Louisa (2). wife 
of Jacob Mohr, of Racine; Henry, of Mt. Pleasant, Racine county; William, 
of Painsville, Wis. ; August, of Caledonia township. Racine county : Alljert. 
of the same township; Carrie, of Austin, Minn., wife of John Broschel ; and 
Bertha, the wife of Henry Swantz, of Brighton township, Kenosha county. 

Henry Halter was reared in Milwaukee county on his father's farm, and 
attended the district schools. He lived at home until nineteen years old and 
then began learning the tinner's trade, which he followed for three years. He 
then went to California and retnained one year, at the end of which time he 
returned to Wisconsin, settling in Caledonia township. Racine county. There 
he resided until April, 1904, in which year he purchased a finely improved 
farm in Mt. Pleasant township, about four miles from the courthouse in 

On June 22. 1881, ]\Ir. Halter married Miss Emma Swantz. daughter 
of W'illiam and ^latilda (Friday) Swantz, and one daughter was born to 
this union, Emma, who married Robert W^est, of Mt. Pleasant township. Mrs. 
Emma Halter died in 1882, aged twenty-two years, and ^Ir. Halter married 
(second) in May. 1891. Miss Fredericka Scheckler. daughter of John G. and 
Mary (Birch) Scheckler. Two children have been born to this marriage, 
Etna and Frank. 

Politically Mr. Halter is a Republican, and was roadmaster for twenty- 
two years and a member of the school board for thirteen years : liis father was 
a member of that board for twenty-five years. 

Mrs. Fredericka Halter's parents were natives of Germany, and came to 
America about 1849, settling f^rst in Chicago. They then removed to Two 
Rivers, near Manitowoc, Wis., residing there a short time, after which they 
removed to Racine county, spending two or three years in Mt. Pleasant 
township. They then removed to Somers township, where they reared their 


family, Mr. Scheckler owning a iio-acre farm there. He is now seventy- 
nine years of age. His \vife passed away in 1894, aged seventy years, her 
death occurring on her birthday. Both were brought up German Lutherans. 
He served durmg the last year of the Civil war as a soldier. They had these 
children : John ; Fred, of Los Angeles, Cal. ; Mary, the wife of Richard 
Kirchner, of Kenosha county; Fredericka, Mrs. Halter, of Mt. Pleasant, 
Racine Co.: William, of Caledonia township; August, of Racine: and 
Charles, of Somers township, Kenosha county. 

SAMUEL CURTIS JOHNSON, of the firm of S. C. Johnson & Son, 
manufacturers of parquetry floors and floor finishers, Racine. Wis., was born 
Dec. 24, 1833, at Elyria, Ohio, a son of Phineas Miller and Orra Ann (Col- 
lins) Johnson. 

The Johnson family is of English stock and was founded in the Connecti- 
cut Valley in 1626 by Henry Johnson, whose descendants lived on one farm 
for 180 years. 

John Johnson, who died Sept. 30, 1659, married (first) Margery, who 
died June 9, 1653, and married (second) Grace Fawer, widow of Barnabas 
Fawer, a prominent man of Roxbury, Mass., who came to this country in 

Isaac Jiihnson, son of Jr}hn, married Jan. 20, 1637, Elizabeth Porter. He 
was killed in the battle with the Narragansett Indians, Dec. 19, 1675. 

Isaac Johnson, son of Isaac, married Dec. 26, 1669, Mary Harris, and 
died in 1720. He was one of the original proprietors of Middletown. 

Isaac Johnson, son of Isaac, was born Dec. 19, 1670, and married Mar- 
garet Miller. He lived at Middletown. 

Henry Johnson, son of Isaac, married Abigail Hubbard, and they had 
three children. Samuel, David and Ashel. 

Samuel Johnson, son of Henry, was born in 1740, and died in 1795. He 
married Anna Hopkins, who was born in 1745. and died in February, 181 6. 
They had seven children, viz.: Samuel, born Nov. 10, 1765, died in 1796; 
Phineas, born Feb. 26, 1768, married Hannah Miller; Anna, born Jan. 31, 
1772, married Ashel Kelsey; Simeon, born Feb. 17, 1770, married Lucretia 
Ramsey (his family have resided at Albany for years) : Henry, born Dec. 14, 
1776, married Betsey Spooner: Abigail, born Jan. 14, 1783, married \\'\\\- 
iam W'ebster; and Bethuel. born Sept. 26, 17 — , went to sea and never re- 

Phineas Johnson had five children, namely : Sophia married Samuel 
Brooks: Hannah married Hezekiah Brooks: Julia married Edmund West: 
Cornelia married (first) Ira Kimball and (second) Dudley Griswold : Irene 
married (first) a Strong and (second) Nyman Bruce. 

Of the family to which the father of our subject belonged : William 
Johnson married Alma Otis; Lucretia died Aug. 23. 1823, aged eighteen: 
Isaac married (first) Cornelia INIussey and (second) Mary Hnll: Delia mar- 
ried Horatio Gates: and Phineas Miller married Orra Ann Collins. 

Henrv Johnson removed from Middletown to Berlin, where Samuel John- 
son and Phineas were both born. In 1819 the Johnsons removed to Ohio, and 
it took them six weeks to make the trip. 


Phineas Miller Johnson, the father of our subject, was born in Berkshire, 
]\Iass., and the wife and mother was born Dec. 3, 181 1, on an Ohio farm, she 
benig a daughter of Daniel Collins, who died at Berkshire, N. Y., June 27, 
1820. By trade he was a cooper. His children were : Bristol Lisk, born May 
2b, 1809, who died July 7, 1814; Orra Ann, Mrs. Johnson; and George Bristol 
Lisk. born Dec. 19, 181 5. Phineas M. and Orra Ann (Collins) Johnson had 
thirteen children, eight sons and five daughters, the four still surviving being : 
Samuel C. of Racine; William H., of Alpena, Mich.; George B., of Chicago; 
and Anna M., wife of F. G. Ensign, of Oak Park, Illinois. 

Phineas Miller Johnson was in the iron business at Elyria, Ohio, for some 
time, and moved from there in a prairie schooner to Niles, Mich., in 1835, and 
to Chicago in 1836, there conducting a hardware store on Randolph street for 
some time. From there he moved to Kishwaukee. 111., eight miles south of 
Rockford, being the pioneer settler there, but in the fall of 1842 he removed to 
Elkhorn, Wis., and the following year to Grafton, Wis., which place was then 
known as Milwaukee Falls. There he owned a mill and engaged in lumbering. 
In 1849 I'ls went to California, by way of Panama, prospecting for gold, and 
returned two years later, coming through Mexico on horseback. After his 
return to Wisconsin, he was engaged as a right-of-way agent for the Milwau- 
kee & La Crosse Railroad Company, and was located at Grafton. In 1863 he 
came to Kenosha and located his family there, but he went to northern Mich- 
ig'an to inspect pine timber land, in the employ of lumber syndicates who hired 
him to point out the best parts from which to obtain good timber. He after- 
ward went to Florida, in the same line of work, and died there of fever in 1868, 
■aged sixty-nine years. His wife survived until 1885, when she died at the age 
of seventy-four years. She had been a patient invalid for about thirty years. 
Mr. Johnson's religious connection was with the M. E. Church, but Mrs. 
Johnson was a Congregationalist. At one time he was a memlier nf the W^is- 
consin Legislature. 

Mr. Johnson, through his grandmother, is a descendant of the Coe family 
which came to America from Sufifolkshire. England. The earliest notice of 
the family is found in Fox's "Book of Martyrs." which states that Roger Coe, 
of Milford, Suffolkshire. was burned by Queen Mary, in September, 1555, at 
Texford, in that shire. Little is known respecting the family until the removal 
of Robert Coe to this country and he is accounted as belonging to the first 
generation here. He was born in Sufifolkshire in 1596 and with his wife Anna, 
born in 1591, and their three sons, he sailed from Ipswich in company with 
seventy-nine others, in the good ship "Francis," John Cutting, master, April 
10, 1634. They reached Boston in the following June, only six years from the 
date of the first settlement in the Massachusetts Colony. 

Robert Coe settled with his faniilv at Watertown and was made a freeman 
there Sept. 3, 1634. He later removed to Pyquang (Wethersfield). He had 
three sons, John, Robert and Benjamin, all of whom liecame prominent men. 
Of these Robert and his wife, Hannah, had one child, John, who married 
Mary Hawley and had ten children. Benjamin, born in 1629. married Abi- 
gail Carmen and spent the latter part of his life in Jamaica. His grandson. 
Benjamin, born in 1702, removed to Newark. N. T-. and died in 1787. He had 
two sons, one of whom was killed in the Revolutionary war. The other, Ben- 


jamin, was born in 173O, and died in 1818. leaving two sons, .\aron and Laven. 
■J'lie former lived at Westfield. X. J., anil the latter, born April 26. 1772, in 
Newark. They have numerous descendants in New Jersey. 

Samuel Curtis Johnson lived with his father during the years of pioneer- 
ing, and his earliest recollection is of coming to the West through the woods 
and the crossing of the Maumee river, where they went into too deep water, 
and had to stop, unpack and diy out their clothing. Another vivid memory is 
of the dog "Towser" tusseling with the wild boars in Michigan. He very 
easily recalls old Fort Dearborn, Chicago, and can remember the appearance 
of the military guard there. The family lived in a house on Randolph street 
not far from the court house. He can tell of the old stage coaches and the mil- 
itary cry as the guard passed in the night, "Three o'clock and all is well." There 
is little doubt that residents of the Windy City, in some parts, would feel 
more secure in these modern days did the guard hourly assure them that "all 
is well." When Mr. Johnson and the family were_ moving to Kishwaukee the 
father would go on ahead and pick out the road through the prairie and sound 
the depths of the various water courses to see if the household wagon could 
safely cross. 

Mr. Johnson obtained his early education in the old log schoolhouses to 
be founrl wherever a pioneer settlement was made, attending mainly at Graf- 
ton, \\'is., where his seat was a split log or puncheon. Later he had better ad- 
vantages in the common school at Oberlin, Ohio. His first real venture from 
home was to become office boy at Milwaukee in the service of the old ]Mil- 
waukee & La Crosse Railroad Company. It was his duty there to drum up 
such men as Moses Kneeland, James K. Kneeland. E. H. Goodrich. Byron 
Kilbourn, for board meetings. His business education was secured in that 
company under Levi Burnell. 

In 1858 Mr. Johnson was called to Kenosha to act as secretary and treas- 
urer of the Kenosha & Rockford and Rock Island Railroad Company (this road 
then being in course of construction), until it was sold out to the Chicago & 
Northwestern Railroad Company, a period of several years. At a later date 
he was in the employ of the Northwestern Telegraph Company, until it was 
absorbed by the Western Union, some years later. In 1887, being out of em- 
ployment and not caring to work longer on a salary, he came to Racine and 
made a contract with the Racine Hardware Company, to manufacture for him 
inlaid ornamental hardwood flooring, the same article he is now manufactur- 
ing for himself. At a later date his son, Herbert F. Johnson, who had been 
with him all the time, was admitted to partnership. This is now an import- 
ant industrA' of Racine, the business having been developed successfully on the 
lines inaugurated by Mr. Johnson's business capacity. 

^Ir. Johnson was married in October, 1861, to Miss Carrie Fisk. daughter 
of Sereno and Lucinda B. FisK, of Kenosha. They have two children, a son 
and a daughter, viz. : Herbert F. and Jessie. The former married Miss Helen 
Converse, and thev have two children. Hibbard and Henrietta. Jessie is now 
the wife of F. P. Lyman, of Kansas City, Tvlo.. and they ha\-e three children, 
Julia. Helen and Fredric. 

Mr. and I\Irs. Johnson are members of the M. E. Church. Their pleasant 


home is at Xo. 1737 \\ iscoiisin street. They are among the most highly 
esteemed residents of Racine. 

CHARLES K. JOHNSON, a wealthy farmer and leading citizen of 
Norway township, Racine county, with .valuable agricultural property in Sec- 
tions 29 and 30, was born in that township March 18, 1850. He is one of 
nine children born to Knut and Bergetta Johnson, natives of Norway, of 
whonr the following five grew to maturity and are still living : John, of 
Jackson county, Minn.; Halvor K.. of Waterford township; Ole, of King 
county. Wash. ; Anna, wife of August W. Garnetz, of Waterford township, 
and Charles K. 

Knut Johnson, the father, was a shoemaker in Norway, and serverl fi\'e 
years in the regular army of his fatherland. Having saved a little money he 
came to America in 1842, located in Norway township, Racine Co., Wis., 
and built a house and barn on the fractional forty acres which he had pur- 
chased for a home. Later he bought another forty acres, in Waterford town- 
ship, making the latter his homestead, but working both farms. After living 
there for many years he went to reside with his daughter, Mrs. Garnetz, and 
died at her home in 1879, aged eighty-three years. His wife died in the fol- 
lowing year, at the age of eighty-two. Both were lifelong and earnest Luth- 
erans. Knut Johnson, in fact, assisted in the erection of the first Norwegian 
Church built in the State of Wisconsin, and both he and his wife were mem- 
bers of the first Norwegian Lutheran congregation organized within its 

The paternal grandfather, John Johnson, was a farmer in Norway and 
died in his native country, when well advanced in years; his wife also lived 
to an old age. and they were the parents of a large family. The maternal 
grandfather, Halvor Oleson, was also a Norwegian-born farmer, and died 
there at a good old age. He was twice married, his second wife bearing him 
several children, among them Bergetta, the mother of our subject. 

Charles K. Johnson remained upon the family homestead until he was 
eighteen years of age, assisting his father in farming, attending the district 
schools and learning the carpenter's trade. He was engaged in the latter vo- 
cation for a number of years after leaving home, purchasing then a farm of 
160 acres in Jackson county, Minn. He traded the Minnesota property for 
a farm of seventy acres in '\Vaterford township, upon which he lived for five 
years. After selling this he purchased the farm of 140 acres in Norway 
township, which he still owns, and which has been his homestead for the past 
twenty-three years. It is situated three miles from Waterford village, and 
is so finely improved and so advantageously located that it is a very attractive 
and \aluable property. He also is the owner of twelve acres in Section 20. 
On Jan. 2, 1875, Charles K. Johnson was united in marriage to Live, 
daughter of Halvor and Margaret (Oleson) Nelson, and the three children 
born to them are Harvey C, Margaret and Carl Edmund. Mr. and Mrs. 
Johnson are members of the Lutheran Church. Politically Mr. Johnson is 
a stanch Republican, and he has been honored by being chosen for consider- 
able public service, having been supervisor one term and school director for 
a number of terms. 


The parents of Mrs. Johnson were natives of Norway, came to America 
in 1^43 and located immediately in Norway township. Mr. Nelson became 
the owner of two farms, and died on the old homestead, in 1893, at the age 
of seventy-five years. He was married three times, his second wife bearmg 
him six children, as follows: Nels, Ole, Halvor, Live (Airs. Charles K. 
Johnson), Albert and John. Mrs. Johnson's paternal grandfather, Nels Nel- 
son, a native of Norway, emigrated to America at an early day, and died in 
\'ernon township, Waukesha Co., Wis., after he had lived a few days beyond 
ninety-nine years. His wife. Tone Nelson, was about seventy-seven at the 
time of her death. They had four sons and two daughters, all of whom 
reached maturity and themselves raised large families. Ole Oleson, the ma- 
ternal grandfather of Mrs'. Live Johnson, died in his native Norway, far ad- 
vanced in years, and the father of two sons and two daughters. Three of 
the children came to America, Helga, Annie and Margaret ; Annie married 
Ole Evenson, of Vernon township, \\'aukesha Co., Wisconsin. 

JOHN F. JOHNSON is president and manager of the Johnson & Field 
Manufacturing Company, of Racine, of which large and flourishing industry 
he has had the full manag'ement and direction since its inception, in 1876. 
During the thirty years which have since elapsed the efforts of the manage- 
ment ha\e been centered in the manufacture and improvement of grain and 
seed cleaners and separators which should embody the essential points ot 
durability, large capacity and thorough work. This aim has been so com- 
pletely accomplished that not only has the manufactory developed into one of 
the great industries of Racine, but the so-called Racine fanning mills, turned 
out by the Johnson & Field IManufacturing Company, are used by farmers 
and grain and seed men, from Maine to California and from Alaska to the 
Gulf of Mexico, as well as in Mexico, Central and South America, the grain- 
producing countries of Eurpoe, Asia ]\Iinor. India, Morocco, South Africa 
and Australasia. The larger portion of the company's sales is in the grain- 
growing sections of the L'nited States, some of the mills sold in the southern 
States and in some of the foreign countries being fitted for cleaning rice and 
coffee. By means of a variety of attachments — sieves, screens and graders — 
the mills are adapted to cleaning wheat, barley, oats, corn, rye, peas, beans 
and flax, as well as timothy, clover and all kinds of grass seeds ; separating 
oats from wheat and wild from domestic oats ; cleaning onions : removing 
dirt, foreign substances, weeds, etc.. from the merchantable grains and grass 
seeds, and. in general, thoroughly cleaning the material for marketing and 

The specialties manufactured by the Johnson & Field Company are farm 
and warehouse fanning mills, dustless grain and seed cleaners and separators, 
land rollers, chaffing machines and broadcast seeders, all of which are known 
practically the world over. They were awarded the gold medal at the Omaha 
Exposition of 1898: highest award at the World's Columbian Exposition, 
1803: the gold medal at the New Orleans Cotton Exposition, and a high 
award at the recent Paris Exposition. 

In 1876 Mr. Johnson started this manufactory in an old small two-story 
frame building, on Sixteenth and Junction streets, being associated in the 


enterprise w ith Mr. Field, who acted as president of the company. Air. Juhn- 
son had the responsibihty of the office work, acting as secretary and treasurer 
of the company, and having full management 'of the same. The building 
was rented and the business started in debt, with a manufacturing force of 
three hands. There was no material expansion until 1880, when Mr. Johnson 
began to act as outside salesman and general promoter. At that time the 
plant consisted of a small frame building, 40x80 feet. As Mr. Johnson's 
acquaintance on the road was large and his business ability unquestioned, 
even at that early day, the effect of his work was soon manifest in an increase 
of sales and in additions and improvements to the manufactory and its output. 
The plant gradually expanded until it now covers about three acres of ground, 
and employment is given to some forty people, its annual output being from 
3,500 to 5.000 mills annually. The business was incorporated as the John- 
son & Field Manufacturing Company July i, 1898, it being formerly kiiowrt 
as the Johnson, Field Company. From the time the business was first started, 
in 1876. after it was incorporated in 1880, and until 1905, Mr. Johnson held 
the position of secretary-treasurer and general manager, Mr. Field acting as 
president until Mr. Johnson bought his interest, in 1899. From that time 
Mr. Johnson practically had the entire responsibilities of the business until 
1905, when he associated with him Mr. James Wellman, a young man who 
assumed the duties he himself had formerly discharged, becoming secretary 
and treasurer. The same year Mr. Johnson was elected president of the 
Johnson & Field Manufacturing Company, as it is still known. .\ few per- 
sonal facts regarding the head of the business are now given below. 

John F. Johnson was born in Palmyra, Jeft'erson Co., Wis., May 2, 1845, 
son of Lars Johnson Lee and Bertha (Takla) Johnson Lee. natives of Voss, 
near Bergen. Norway. His paternal grandfather was John Lee. a native of 
Norway, and a farmer by occupation, who died in his native country well 
advanced in years. He and his wife, Sigvor Lee, had two sons and three 
daughters. On the maternal side John F. Johnson is a grandson of Lars 
Kindem Takla. a farmer of Norway, who attained advanced age. He and 
his wife Ingeborg Talka had two daughters and two sons. 

The father, Lars Johnson Lee. was a farmer in his native country, and 
he continued that occupation after emigrating to America and locating in 
Palmyra, Jefferson county. There he spent two or three years, after which 
he moved to LaGrange. Walworth county. In i860 he settled in Leeds, Co- 
lumbia county, and there spent the remainder of his life, dying at the age of 
sixty-four years. His widow still survives and has attained the age of eighty- 
five years. She is a Lutheran, as was her husband. He was prominent politi- 
cally and held various township ofifices, among them being that of treasurer 
of A\ alworth county. He always took a great interest in school matters, and 
erected the first log school house in Walworth county. He was a well edu- 
cated man and a great mathematician. He and his wife had five children, 
four of whom now survive : John F., of Racine : Sarah, the widow of Knut 
Erickson. of Madison, Wis. ; Lizzie, the wife of Joseph Lee, of Leeds. Wis. ; 
and Lewis, of DeForest. Wisconsin. 

John F. Johnson was reared in LaGrange. Walworth county, and there 
remained until fifteen years of age. He was reared on the farm, and attended 


the district schools, also going to the high school at Madison. He graduated 
troni the Eastman Business L<jllege, in i^hicago, and then for a time engaged 
in newspaper soliciting. He clerked in a clothmg and men's furnishing goods 
house tor a time, and then hecame clerk and later assistant to the chief 
engineer of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway Company, being 
stationed at Madison. He removed to Racine when the railroad purchased 
the Western Union Line, being in the offices here for a year and a half. He 
then went into the manufacturing business with his father-in-law, A. P. 
Dickey, continuing with him for five years, at the conclusion of which periou 
he established the manufactory with which he has since been identified as the 
leading figure. 

On Dec. 26, 1870, John F. Johnson married Miss Sarah Arabelle Dickey, 
born in Racine June i, 1850, the eldest daughter of Albert P. and Sarah 
(Balicock) Dickey. Her father, the Racine pioneer in the manufacture of 
fanning mills, was descended from Scotch and Irish ancestors, but is a native 
of Londonderry, N. H., where he was born May 24, 1817. When three years 
of age he accompanied his parents to Livingston county, N. Y., and after the 
limited education and usual training on a farm, in 1834 he became a salesman 
for his brothers, who were engaged in the fanning mill business. Later he 
was admitted into partnership with his brother. Oilman Dickey, and for twelve 
years they conducted at Price Hill, N. Y., a successful manufactory of mills. 
For six years while a resident of that place he was colonel of the 164th Regi- 
ment, National Guard. In 1844 he sold his interests and opened a shop in 
Chicago, but, on account of sickness, in the following year removed to Racine, 
where he embarked in the same line of manufacture. His establishment, which 
was the first of its kind in Racine and one of the pioneer factories in the 
western State, became one of the most prominent industries of the Belle City, 
his products taking medals at the international expositions, and meeting with 
a wide sale in the United States. After his death, Oct. 23, 1880, his widow 
and second wife (nee Lucy A. Patterson), in connection with E. H. Pease, 
continued the business for five years, wdien Mr. Pease withdrew and the firm 
became the A. P. Dickey Manufacturing Company, the management being 
in the hands of her son-in-law and George H. Dickey. Albert Prescott 
^Dickey w-as first married at Alba. Genesee Co., N. Y., Nov. 19. 1840, to Miss 
Sarah A. Babcock, a native of that county, by whom he had five children. 
She died Sept. 11, 1854, and he was married (second) Feb. 24, 1856. to Miss 
Lucy A. Patterson, by whom he had tliree children, and who passed away 
Nov. 10, 1890. 

Mr. and Mrs. John F. Johnson are both meniliers of the Presbyterian 
Church, and highly esteemed throughout the city. For more than thirty 
years they have resided in their pleasant residence at No. 1025 Lake avenue, 
which Mr. Johnson erected in 1875. 

Politically Mr. Johnson has always been a Repulilican, public-spirited and 
alive to the best interests of the communitv, although he has never aspired 
to political office. He is identified with the I. O. O. F., K. of P. and T. P. A. 
of A. Of the last named he was director of the National T. P. A. of America 
for two years, and for several years its vice-president. 


EZRA BEARDSLEY, well known as a prominent agriculturist of 
Waterford township, Racine county, is carrying on operations on Section 17. 
He was born in Caledonia township, Racine county, April i, 1839, son of 
Elam and Naomi (McMillan) Beardsley, natives respectively of Delaware 
and Ohio. Elam Beardsley came to Racine county and settled in Cale- 
donia township in 1834, the Indians still being there at this time. He took 
up government land, a tract of 160 acres, and this he improved. After a stay 
of eight years he sold out, and purchased a farm of 200 acres in Waterford 
township, where his children were raised, and where he died in June, 1877, 
aged seventy-two years. His first wife, the mother of our subject, died April 
I, 1839, in the faith of the Congregational Church, which he also attended. 
Their children were : Martin, deceased ; Nancy, who is the widow of Eliza 
Buttles, who lives in Waterford township; and Ezra. Mr. Beardsley held 
various township offices, and was assessor and supervisor. He married for 
his second wife, Elizabeth Simonton, and two children were Ix^rn to this 
union: Marcellus, deceased; and Frances, the wife of John Kelley, of 

The paternal grandfather of our subject was Ezra Beardsley, a native 
of Delaware county, N. Y., and when a young man a school teacher. He 
afterward became a farmer, and came to Wisconsin among the pioneers, 
dving in Waterford township, when about sixty-five years of age. 

Ezra Beardsley, the subject of this sketch, has lived in Waterford town- 
ship since he was five years old, a period of sixty-two years. He received 
his education in the district schools, and lived at home until reaching matur- 
ity. He then commenced working out by the month, at which he continued 
for several years, and he then purchased a part of the old homestead, on 
which he still lives, owning 220 acres of finely improved land. Mr. Beards- 
ley was married Dec. 27, 1867, to Miss Elizabeth Fox, daughter of James 
and Mary (Ofield) Fox, and eight children were born to this union: Del- 
bert George, Mary Gertrude, Hattie Irene, Lizzie Frances, Elam James, 
Olive Nancy, Grace Victoria and Althea Leone. Delbert George is a farmer 
in Nodaway Co., Mo., near Parnell. He married May Jeleff, and they have 
six children, Nellie, Esther. Elam. George, Ida and Blanche. Mary Ger- 
trude married James Greeley, of Waterford township, and they have three 
children. Medora, Mildred and Ezra. Hattie Irene married Walter Clark, 
of Adams, Walworth county, and they have two children, Doris and Sidney. 
Lizzie Frances married Frank Behling, of Waterford township, and they 
ha\-e four children: Emery, Oscar, Frances and Elsa; and the other four 
children of our subject are at home. Politically Mr. Beardsley is a Repub- 

The parents of Mrs. Beardsley were natives of England. Her mother 
had been previously married, her first husband being William Rush, by whom 
she had four children : Charlotte, wlio married George Foat, and lives in 
Grand Meadow, 'Slum. : John, of Spring Brook, Ore. ; Wihiam, of Rochester, 
Wis., and George, deceased. \\'illiam Rush, the father of these children, 
died in Canada, whither they had emigrated. His \vidow afterward married 
James Fox. of near Hamilton. Canada, and they came to \^'isconsin among 
the early pioneers of Waterford township. They had these children : Fran- 


ces, born in Canada, who became the wife of Martin FHnt, and now resides 
at Lake Beniidji, Minn.; EHzabeth Ann, Mrs. Beardsley, who was born in 
Canada, and who has spent fifty-nine years in Waterford township; and 
Harriet the widow^ of Solon Cook, residing in Florida. 

The paternal grandfather of Mrs. Beardsley was William Fox, a native 
of England, where he died in middle life. He had one son, William, the 
father of Mrs. Beardsley. Mr. Fox died, and his widow married a Air. 
Hewitt, by whom she had two children: Hannah, who married a Mr. Conk- 
lin; and Frances, who married a Mr. Ward. Mr. Hew'itt died, and his 
widow married for her third husband, Richard Burns, and they ha\e one 
daughter, Jane, who married Theodore Gibson. 

JOHN P. DAVIES. president of the Racine Alalleable & Wrought Iron 
Company, is one of the jxipular, enterprising and public-spirited men of the 
city of Racine. His birtli occurred Jan. 31, 1853, in Racine, but his parents, 
William and Ann (Pugh) Davies, were natives of Wales. 

William Davies was a locomotive engineer in his native country, and 
on coming to America located in Racine, Wis., where he followed stationary 
engineering for several years in the lumber mills. He then entered the em- 
ploy of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad Company, in the shops 
at Racine, and there continued until his death, which occurred in 1872. He 
married Ann Pugh, who survived him until April 2, 1901, passing away aged 
seventy-one years. She was a member of the Welsh Congregational Church. 
Mr. and Mrs. Davies had six children born to them, of whom three are now 
living, namely: John P.. of Racine; Elizabeth, the wife of T. M. Jones, of 
Racine; and Grace, the wife of W. H. Rothermel, of Chicago. 

John P. Davies was reared in Racine, and attended the public and high 
schools. He began learning telegraphy when about sixteen years of age in 
the Western Union Telegraph office at Racine, and the first office of which he 
had charge was in that city. He then worked one year in Chicago and six 
months in Oshkosh, at the end of that time entering the employ of the Chi- 
cago & Northwestern Railroad Companv. for which he was the operator and 
ticket clerk at the Racine depot for several years. He then purchased an in- 
terest in the Jansen Manufacturing Company, and became one of the or- 
ganizers, secretary and treasurer of the company, which was later reorganized, 
the name being changed to the Racine Malleable & W'rought Iron Company ; 
as such it has continued since. Mr. Davies was secretary and treasurer of the 
company for a few years, and then was elected president and general man- 
ager, which offices he still retains. About 325 people are employed in the 
plant, where all kinds of saddlery hardware and special castings are manu- 
factured. The establishment was destroyed by fire Julv 13. i8q8, at which 
time it was located on Milwaukee avenue and West street. In this conflagra- 
tion Mr. Davies personally lost $75,000 in about thirty minutes. The com- 
pany chose a new location. Twenty-first and Clark streets, known as Lake- 
side, and at once rebuilt the works. In the new plant there are six large 
buildings and several smaller ones, liuilt of brick, on modern plans. Mr. 
Davies is also president of the Reliance Iron & Engine Comjiany. which is 

dit^c^^ Qy c>Cja^(^-c^ 


C0MME:\I0RATIVE biographical record. 209 

one of the new industries of Racine, for the manufacture of gas and gasohne 
engines and castings of all kinds. 

Fraternally Mr. Davies is a thirty-second degree Mason, belonging to 
Racine Lodge, No. 18, F. & A. M. ; Orient Chapter No. 12, R. A. M. ; Raciue 
Commandery, No. 7, K. T., of which he is a past commander, and Tripoli 
Temple, Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. Politically he is a Republican, and 
served as police commissioner one term, and as a member of the board of 
education for the same length of time. 

On May 12, 1884, Mr. Davies married Miss Cora A. Crane, daughter 
of Mri>. Jennie (Burch) Crane, and she died eleven months after marriage, 
of typhoid fever. Mr. Davies married (second) Sept. 17, 1889, Miss Lillie 
E. Case, daughter of DeWayne and Eliza (Greenhow) Case, and to this 
union have been born four children : John P., Jr., Anna E., and Frank Case 
and Clinton William, twins. The family resides at No. 744 College avenue. 
Mr. Davies is genial and affable and possesses a kind heart. Domestic in his 
tastes and habits, he love? his home, and it is there he may be found after a 
busy day at his ofifice. Notwithstanding his heavy loss of a few years ago 
Mr. Davies is far from discouraged, and hopes for better fortune in the fu- 
ture. He is rapidly recovering from his financial embarrassment, the busi- 
ness growing in dimensions every day, and the Ra'cine Malleable & Wrought 
Iron Company promises to laecome one of the leading industries of the State. 
Not only is the company itself benefited by its success, but also its employes 
and the city of Racine, and Mr. Davies, as its able president and general man- 
ager, to whom much of the company's success is due, is admittedly a puljlic 

GEORGE WASHINGTON STONE, Sr.. a retired blacksmith of 
Burlington, Wis., and an honored veteran of the Civil war, has been a resi- 
dent of Burlington ever since 1871. He was born March 7, 1821, in Car- 
roll Co., Md., son of John and Eva (Nagel) Stone, natives of Maryland. 

The paternal grandfather of our subject was of German descent and was 
undoubtedly a soldier in the Hessian army which came to America to parti- 
cipate in the Revolutionary war. The maternal grandfather was also a Ger- 
man, but both grandparents died so long ago that all record of them has 
been lost. 

John Stone was a mason and a farmer, and also followed school teach- 
ing and blacksmithing. He died in Maryland, aged about sixty-seven years, 
while his wife survived him some years, passing away when between the ages 
of seventy and eighty years. She belonged to the Dutch Reformed Church. 
John Stone was a soldier in the war of 181 2. was a man of note, had con- 
siderable correspondence with prominent men, and taught several languages. 
He and his wife had thirteen children, live sons and eight daughters, all of 
whom grew to maturity, and lived to an advanced age. 

George W. Stone, Sr., left home when twelve years of age to make ln"s 
own way in the world. He worked on a farm for a few years, and at the 
age of sixteen years began learning the blacksmith's trade, which he fol- 
lowed for fifty years. He learned the trade on the Virginia line, in Wash- 
ington Co., Pa. He left Virginia New Year's morning, 1842, and went to 

210 comme:\iorative biographical record. 

Lockport, N. Y., remaining there until 1846, when he came to Wisconsin. 
He settled in East Troy in 1850, and resided there nineteen years, whence he 
went to Waterford, Racine county, and in 1871 came to Burlington, having 
made this city his headquarters ever since, with the exception of one year 
spent in LaCrosse county. Mr. Stone enlisted in Company A, First Heavy 
Artillery, during the Civil war, and served a little over five months, being in 
the defences at Washington, but his age made the work too heavy for him. 
After the war he returned to Wisconsin. 

On Aug. 25, 1841, Mr. Stone married Miss ]\Iary Lestina Flanders, 
■daughter of John L. and Martha (Tibbets) Flanders, and the record of their 
■children, besides one daughter who died in infancy, is as follows : ( i ) 
Matilda married James Calder, and they live in Seattle. Wash. They have 
four children, ]Minnie, William, Xellie and Lestina: (2) Lafayette, de- 
ceased, married Hattie Chapman, daughter of one of Waterford's prominent 
lawyers, and they had two children, one of whom, Lura, is now living. 
Mrsi Hattie Stone married again, her second husband being a Mr. Turn- 
baugh, and they live in Mt. Carroll, 111. ; one son, Joseph, has been born to 
them. (3) Emma married Henry Boss, and they live in Seattle, Wash. 
They have three children, Eugene, Carrie and Earl. (4) Clara, widow of 
Dwight Rooker, lives in Sparta, Wis., and has four children, Lemoine. 
Mamie, Alice and Joseph. (5) Alice married James Boss, a cousin of 
Henry Boss, and they live in Seattle. Wash. (6) George died when three 
or four years okl. (7) George W. (2) learned the blacksmithing trade, 
and later became a veterinary surgeon. He lives in Burlington, where he 
married Margaret ]McKenzie. They have two children, Charles and Grace. 
(8) Martha married Laverne Stiles, now deceased, by whom she had two 
children, Frances and Burnett: she married (second) Dr. J. F. Roe. a meat 
inspector in Milwaukee, and they have two children. Fremont and Bonita, 
{g) Elihu B. married .Vnna \'line, and has two sons, Lafayette, a professor 
of music:, and George. (10) Frank is a veterinary surgeon and lives in 
Burlington. He married (first) Bertha Schale, by whom he had three chil- 
dren. Charles. ]\Iarie and Florence: he married (second) Mrs. Mary Nor- 
ton. (II) Bertha Lillian married Peter Sechrist. by whom she had one 
son. Percival : she married (second) Melvin Sanford, and lives in Pasadena, 

Mrs. Mary Lestina Stone died Xo\-. 17, 1894, aged seventv-four vears. 
She was a member of the Methodist Church to which Mr. Stone belonged a 
number of years ago. For a number of years he has been attending the Con- 
gregational Church in Burlington, because there was no Methodist Cliurcli 
here. Politically he is independent. He was originally a Democrat, cast 
his first Presidential \ote for Clay and Frelinghuysen. the ^^'hig candidates, 
then voted for the Republican candidates until 1S84. and then voted for the 
Prohibitionists. ^Ir. Stone never consented to hold political office. He is a 
member of Luther Crane Post, No. 201, G. A. R. 

At one time 'Mr. Stone took up the study of veterinary medicine, being 
a correspondent of Dr. George H. Dodd, D. V. S.. and was the first man to 
advocate the principle of a flat shoe for horses. He is the oldest surviving 
veterinary in the State of Wisconsin, having followed that profession for 
over fiftv vears. 


FREDRICK AIALSCH, for nearly a quarter of a century an enter- 
prising and progressive business man of Racine, Wis., whose meat market 
was situated at No. 1300 North Wisconsin street, was born in Baden, Ger- 
many, Oct. 26, 1850, son of August and Rosa (Dotterer) Malsch, also na- 
tives of the Fatherland. 

August Malsch was a butcher by trade, and on coming to America, in 
1855, located in Racine, where he engaged in business from 1858 until 1873. 
From the latter year until his death, in 1881, he lived retired. Mrs. Malsch 
died in 1853. in the faith of the Lutheran Church, to which Mr. Malsch also 
adhered. Of their three children Fredrick is the only one alive. 

Fredrick Malsch was but five years old when he located with his parents 
in Racine, and that city has been his home continuously. He attended the 
public and commercial schools, and when a boy learned the butcher's trade of 
his father. On the death of the latter Mr. Malsch succeeded him to the busi- 
ness, which was located at No. 1300 North Wisconsin street. The new pro- 
prietor continued to carry a full line of plain and fancy meats, and the excel- 
lence of his goods and the straightforward methods he invariably used in his 
business won and retained the confidence of the public, thereby giving Mr. 
Malsch a large and ever-increasing trade. He continued to prosper until, 
on account of failing health, he retired from active business in June, 1905. 

On July 15. 1873, Mr. Malsch married Miss Marion Griswold, daugh- 
ter of Nelson and Jane (Wilson) Griswold, and to this union has been born 
one daughter, Rose E.' Mr. and Mrs. Malsch are members of the Episcopal 
Church. He is identified with Racine Lodge No. 8, I. O. O. F., and p()liti- 
cally is a Repubiicaii. 

Mr. Malsch comes from intelligent German ancestry, and was long one 
of t' e successful business men of Racine. He has been a resident of that 
city for half a century, and has witnessed its progress and development from 
a small village to its present status as one of the leading manufacturing cities 
of Wisconsin. He is one of the old settlers, although comparatively a young 
man, and highly regarded for his integrity, possessing many of the sterling 
traits of his father, who was universally esteemed by the citizens and early 
residents of the community. Mr. Malsch owns a fine home, and having done 
his share in the upbuilding of the interests of the city, is n(iw reaping the 
benefits of his years of industry and good business management. 

ARCHIBALD COOPER (deceased), for many years one of the 
prominent farmers of Racine county, Wis., carried on agricultural opera- 
tions in Waterford township. He was born May 10. 1810. at Palatine, 
Montgomery Co., N. Y.. son of Samuel and Esther (Reed) Cooper, natives 
of Ireland. 

Samuel Cooper, the father of Archibald, on coming to America settled 
in Montgomery county, N. Y.. and afterwards came to Wisconsin among the 
early settlers of Racine county. He located in Waterford township, where 
he died, when just past middle life. His wife also passed away here. They 
had seven children : James S., Andrew, Archibald, Samuel, John, Rachel 
and Margery. 

Archibald Cooper was reared in Montgomery county, N. Y., there re- 
ceiving his earlv education. He came to Wisconsin in September, 1836, and 


purchased 160 acres of land in W'aterford township, to whicli he afterward 
added forty acres, and later another like amount, owning 240 acres at the 
time of his death. On locating on this land Mr. Cooper first built a log cabin, 
which was afterwards replaced by a large and handsome frame house, and he 
added barns, outbuildings and other miprovements. He was a thorough, 
practical farmer, and his farm was one of the finest and best kept in the town- 

In 1839 ^Ir. Cooper was married, in Honey Creek, Walworth Co., Wis., 
to Miss Sally Ann \\ hitman, daughter of Seely and Anna Whitman. ]\Irs. 
Cooper died some three years later, leaving one daughter, Ellen AL, now of 
Rochester, Racine Co., Wis. In March, 1846, Mr. Cooper married Miss 
Emily Palmer, daughter of Elias and Anna (Bemis) Palmer, and three chil- 
dren were born to this union, Hugh Reed, Fred and John. Hugh Reed mar- 
ried Adelaide M. Orvis, and they live in Waterford village ; Fred is now liv- 
ing retired in Waterford, Wis., and John, who is now a prosperous farmer 
in Rock county, Wis., married Anna Duthie, and has three children, Mary 
Emily, Judd and Burr. 

Archibald Cooper died Dec. 2, 1885, aged seventy-five years, six months. 
The ten last years of his life he was afflicted with blindness, but bore the loss 
of his sight with wonderful cheerfulness, and appeared to enjoy life to its 
fullest extent. He was a robust, hearty man, very fond of a joke or good 
story, and no place in the section was better known for its genial hospitality 
than was his home. He was one of the most prominent Masons of his lo- 
cality, having filled most of the offices of Temple Lodge, A. F. & A. M., and 
retired as past master; was also a Royal Arch Mason, belonged to Racine 
Chapter, and a member of the Knights Templar, Racine Commandery. He 
■was a most active and consistent worker in Masonry, and the large attend- 
ance at his funeral evidenced the high esteem and brotherly love felt for him. 
In his death the community lost a valued and respected citizen and one of its 
early pioneers, to whom the present generation is deeply indebted for helping 
to hew the way to civilization. He did much for his town, county and State, 
and to his family and relatives his place can never be filled. Mr. Cooper's 
memory will long be cherished by his old associates and friends. 

Mrs. Archibald Cooper's father was a native of Connecticut, and her 
mother of Massachusetts, and they were the parents of seven children : Al- 
bert, deceased ; Phoebe, deceased, who was the wife of Daniel White ; Oliver, 
deceased ; Anna C, deceased w-ife of Madison C. Babcock ; W'illiam, de- 
ceased; Garner C, who now lives at Albion, Erie Co., Pa., and Emily, the 
widow of our subject. 

Elias Palmer, being a patriotic citizen, served in the war of 1812. Later 
he was a manufacturer of potash and pearlash and also followed farming in 
Chenango county, N. Y. He lived to be nearly one htindred years old, and 
his wife, Anna (Bemis) Palmer, lived to be ninety-three years of age. 

Mrs. Emily Cooper was born in the town of Columbus, Chenango Co., 
N. Y., June 11. 1824. In 1845 she came to Wisconsin, where she has made 
her home ever since. She and her husband began their married life in a 
small log cabin, and underwent the usual experiences and hardships of pio- 
neer life. jMrs. Cooper is now eighty-two years old, and is very well pre- 

C0MA1E:^I0RAT1YE biographical record. 213 

served for one of her age. Her memory and eyesight are still excellent, and 
her C(>n\'ersation is both interesting and pleasing. She resides on the Cooper 
farm, which is situated two miles west of the village of Waterford, and which 
was one of the first settled in the township. 

MARS MYRUP, city editor of the Daily Times, of Racine, Wis., has 
held that position since 1898, and is a newspaper man of many years" ex- 
perience. He was born in Denmark, near the city of Thisted, Aug. 23. 1849, 
son of Peter C. and Elsie (Ramsgaard) Myrup, natives of Denmark. The 
paternal grandfather was a fisherman and died in Denmark, while the ma- 
ternal grandfather, Christian Madse Ramsgaard, was a farmer of that coun- 
try, where he died when over eighty years of age. His wife survived him for 
some time, and died aged ninety-four years. 

Peter C. and Elsie Myrup had fourteen children, only three of wlnjm 
are now living: Mars, our subject; Andrea, the wife of James Jensen, of 
Racine, and Lauritz, of Copenhagen. Peter C. Myrup was a fisherman in 
his youth, but later, getting an opportunity to study, became a schoolmaster, 
and was elected to the congress of his native country, serving in the Lower 
House four years. He then returned to school teaching, which vocation he 
followed for many years, and was finally retired on a pension. He died in 
1902, aged eighty-five years. Peter C. Myrup was four times married, his 
wife Elsie, the mother of our subject, dying in 1855. 

Jvlars Myrup lived in Denmark until 1869, and studied in the seminary 
of Ranum. On coming to America he located in Racine, and followed farm- 
ing for a time, meanwhile learning the American language. He then took 
up decorating and sign painting, which he followed until 1876, when he be- 
gan issuing a Danish weekly paper, the Folkcts A-vis. in which he is still in- 
terested. In the fall of 1891 he started in as a reporter for the Racine Daily 
Times, and in 1898 became its city editor, a position he still retains. 

On Nov. 8, 1877, Mr. Myrup married Miss Bertha Emelie Berthelsen, 
daughter of P. Christian and Jensine Berthelsen, and to this union have been 
born sevai children: Agnes. Alfred. Emmett, Richard, Bert, Chris and 
\'ictor. Politically Mr. Myrup is a Republican. Until recently he was a 
member of the Public Library Board of Racine. He was on of the first 
members of the Dania Society, a social and benevolent organization of which 
he was president for two terms, and he was also the founder of the Dania 
Male Chorrs, and a director of same for many years. 

ODLE LOUIS CRABB. a well known carpenter of Union Grove, was 
born in Stamford, Fairfield Co., Conn., April Jj. 1833. and is descended 
from Revolutionary ancestry. 

Mr. Crabb's paternal grandfather came to Connecticut from England 
before the Revolution and took up arms for the Colonies. He married a 
Miss Spellam, by whom he had seven sons and one daughter, and both li\-ed 
to advanced old age. The maternal grandfather also died in Connecticut, 
but any further knowledge of his history or family is lost. 

The parents of Mr. Crabb were Richard and Jane W. (Boughton) Crabb. 
Tiiey had six sons and two daughters, of whom Odle L. was the youngest, 


anil he is the only one living. The father was a carpenter by trade. He vol- 
unteered as a private in the war of 1812. His death occurred in Connecticut 
in 1849, '*t the age of sixty years, after the demise of his wife. 

Oclle Lewis Crabb grew up in Connecticut and received his education 
there. He learned the blacksmith's trade and followed it about twenty-five 
years, and then took up carpentering, which has been his occupation ever 
since. He came West about 1855, locating in Rochester, Racine Co., Wis., 
and worked foV Richard Ely a short time, offer which he went to Raymond 
township and bought a farm of forty acres. This purchase he made in part- 
nership with his brother Noah, and they also worked other land. He lived 
there till 1862, and then moved to Waterford, Wis., where he lived for three 
years, returning to Raymond, where he remained until April, 1870. Since 
that time he has made his home in Union Grove, where he has been somewhat 
prominent in village afifairs. Politically a Republican, he has been much in- 
terested in questions of public moment and has Ijeen a member of the town 
board. He also served as supervisor of the village of L'nion Grove for six 
years and in 1904 was elected village treasurer. Sociallv he belongs to 
Union Grove Lodge. No. 288, F. & A. M. 

Mr. Crabb was united in the bonds of matrimony June 28, 1857, to Miss 
Emma Louisa Mills, daughter of Charles K. and Elizabeth (Roberts) Mills. 
There have been two children born to this union, Loretta J. and Charles L. 
The former married Ardene A. Conner, who died in 1903, and makes her 
home in LTnion Grove. Charles L. is a member of the board of public works 
in Racine ; he married Miss Nettie L. Stratton, and has two children. Emma 
Loretta and Ethel May. Mr. and Mrs. Crabb are members of the M. E. 
Church, in which he serves as trustee. 

Mrs. Emma L. (Mills) Crabb, wife of our subject, was Ijorn in Bridge- 
port, Conn., April 27, 1842. but left there when si.x years old for Poughkeep- 
sie, where she grew to womanhood. She came to Wisconsin in 1856. with 
her uncle, James Jackson, and settled in Raymond township, whither her 
mother had preceded her. She was married there to Mr. Crabb. Her par- 
ents were natives of England, who came to America when they were small, 
and grew up in Bridgeport, Conn., where they married. They had three 
children, one of whom, Charles W. Mills, lives in Racine. The father, 
Charles K. Mills, died in Bridgeport. Conn.. May 22, 1847, aged thirty-four 
vears. His wife lived until 1880, when she died at the age of sixty-six years. 
He was an Episcopalian, while Mrs. Mills was a Methodist. The paternal 
grandfather of Mrs. Crabb, Charles Mills, was a native of England, and died 
Feb. 3, 1829. His wife, Sophia, lived to a good old age. They had thirteen 
children. The maternal grandfather was Jonathan Roberts, born Sept. 27, 
1777, a native of England and a weaver by trade. \Vith his wife. Ann Rob- 
erts, he came to America and settled at Poughkeepsie, N. Y.. where he died 
Aug. 21. 1849, fisred seventy-one years and ele\en months. He was the 
father of eight children, two sons and six daughters. 

In the thirty-five years that Mr. Crabb has lived in LTnion Grove he has 
won a firm place in the esteem of those about him. He can look back unon a 
long life, well spent, and has seen the historv of his country unroll itself for 
nearly three-quarters of a century. He is fa]l of interesting reminiscences. 


and renienibers clearly the o\d flint-lock ninsket which his grandfather car- 
ried in the Rexuhition and wjiich in his own Ijuyhood it was his chief delight 
to fire off. 

LOUIS NOLL, Sr., of the well-known firm of Louis Noll Company, 
dealers in general merchandise, drugs, medicines, real estate, loans, etc., of 
Waterford, Wis., is a native of Baden, Germany, born in Sulzfeld, the seat of 
Eppingen, May 31, 1834, son of Frederick and Catharina (Ege) Noll, na- 
tives of that country, yis grandfather, wdio died in Germany in middle life, in 
1807, was a shoemaker by trade. His wife, who bore him three children, at- 
tained the remarkable age of ninety-three years. Caspar Ege, Mr. • Noll's 
maternal grandfather, was a farmer by occupation, and lived to an advanced 
age, as did his wife, Catherine. They left a large familv. 

Frederick Noll, the father of Louis Noll, w^as the only son of his parents. 
Reared to the pursuits of a farmer, he followed that occupation in his native 
country, and on coming to America, in 1853, settled on a farm of forty acres 
in Waterford township, which he continued to cultivate until 1881, when he 
died at the age of eighty-six years. His first wife passed away in 1846, when 
forty-three years of age, in the faith of the Lutheran Church, to which he 
also belonged. Mr. Noll married for his second wife a Mrs. L^belie. He 
was very prominent in public affairs in his native country, and held various 
positions of honor and trust. The children of Frederick and Catharina 
(Ege) Noll were twelve in number, but four of whom, however, still sur- 
vive: Louis E., of Waterford; Charles, of Waterford; Jacob, of Sturgeon 
Bay, Wis., and William, of Milwaukee. 

Louis E. Noll received his education in his native country and there re- 
sided until eighteen years of age. In Germany he had been a shepherd, and 
on coming to America, in 1852, went to work on a farm six miles north of 
Milwaukee, at Good Hope, receiving as remuneration only four dollars per 
month, though he had to work eighteen hours a day. There he remained for 
six months, and he then removed to Waterford, where he learned the cooper's 
trade, at which he worked for about twelve years. During most of this time 
Mr. Noll operated a shop of his own. and also conducted a hotel, where he 
boarded the men who were in his employ. Mr. Noll was drafted into ser- 
vice during the Civil war, but was fortunate enough to secure a substitute. 
In 1865 he opened a general store in Waterford, on a small scale, and here 
he has continued ever since, his business having grown to remarkable pro- 
portions. On account of his strict integrity Mr. Noll has become very popu- 
lar and prominent in business circles, and he has the confidence of those with 
whom he has to deal. In addition to his mercantile interests Mr. Noll owns 
about eight hundred acres of excellent farming lands in Waterford, Roches- 
ter, Dover and Norway townships. He has done more teaming tlnn any 
other man in Wisconsin. In the strictest sense of the word he is a self-made 
man. deserving all he has gained, both in the way of means and prestige. 

On Nov." IS, 1857, Mr. Noll married Miss Elizabeth Raab, and five 
children were born to this union: Charles, who married Louisa Johnson, 
and has two children, .Alfred and Cora; and Louis L., Tuliana. Oswald and 
Elizabeth, all unmarried. All the children are associated with their father in 


his various business interests. ]Mrs. Xoll died Jan. 3, 1904. aged sixty-nine 
years, six months, in the faith of the Lutheran Church, to w hich her husband 
and children also adhere. Politically Mr. Noll is a Democrat. 

WALTER CURTIS PALMER, attorney-at-law. at Racine, Wis., a 
member of the well-known law linn of Palmer & Gittings, was born at Water- 
ford, Racine Co., W'is., Oct. 8, 1858, son of Nelson H. and Sarah N. (Curtis) 
Palmer, both born in the State of New York. Their children were seven in 
number, two sons and five daughters, as follows: Charles N.. of Clyde, 111.; 
Walter C. ; Minnie, wife of Dr. James F. ?sIalone, of West Allis. Wis. ; Nel- 
lie B., widow of Chauncy Lahatchka, of Racine; Satie K.. wife of Samuel E. 
Chapman of Payette, Idaho ; Miss Mattie. of Racine : and ]Miss Lelia also of 

]\Ir. Palmer's paternal grandfather was a native of New York, and he 
came to the West in pioneer days, devoted his life to agriculture, and died at 
Waterford. far advanced in years. He had two sons and two daughters. The 
maternal grandfather was \\'illiam Curtis, a native of Massachusetts, who 
moved to Oswego, N. Y., and was a contractor there. He married Betsey 
Galpin and they came West to visit, and during this time he died in Wisconsm. 
The widow finally decided to make Racine county her home, and lived at Wa- 
terford until the advanced age of ninety years. Air. Curtis built the early Kings- 
ford Starch Factory, the beginning of a millionaire enterprise, and constructed 
many buildings for public and private enterprises, as long as he lived at Os- 
wego. His sons worked with him and all were men of substance. 

Nelson H. Palmer worked in a woolen mill for a time in New York, and 
in 1838 came to Waterford. Wis., where he worked for a short time as a car- 
penter, and then carried on a milling business, subsequentlv becoming a mer- 
chant. He died in November. 1899, aged eighty-one years. His widow still 
survives and resides at Racine. At various times he was elected to offices of 
responsibility, and at all times he was a man respected and esteemed. He was 
a member of the Congregational Church. 

AValter C. Palmer was reared at W'aterford. where he attended the public 
schools. Later he \vas a student in Rochester Seminary, and then entered the 
University of Wisconsin at Madison, where he was graduated in law in 1881. 
and was admitted to the Bar in the same year. His law reading and study 
had been under the supervision of Jvistice John B. Winslow. who is now one 
of the Associate Judges of the Wisconsin Supreme Court. After completing 
his law course ]\Ir. Palmer returned to his home, assisted his father in his mer- 
cantile business, and also began the practice of his profession. In the fall of 
1886 he was elected county clerk, a position of responsibility he held for four 
years. Air. Palmer entered into partnership. Jan. i. 1891. with C. C. Git- 
tings. under the firm name of Palmer & Gittings. and this association has con- 
tinued until the present. The firm is one held in very high regard at Racine, 
having ably handled a large part of the important litigation coming before the 
courts here for some vears. 

On Alarch 12. 1889. Mr. Palmer was united in marriage with Miss Abi- 
gail H. Williams, who was born in New York, daughter of John and Eleanor 
(Jones) Williams, natives of Wales. Mr. and Mrs. Williams came to Wis- 

fe/Zen (^-r^u..^.^ 


consin some thirty years ago and settled at Racine, where Mr. Wilhanis worked 
as a carpenter for several years, when he died. His wife survived him for a 
number of years and died at the home of her daughter. Besides Mrs. Palmer, 
they had a son, William R. Williams, now a resident of Portland, Oregon. 

In addition to attending to a large and increasing practice, Mr. Palmer 
has many other interests of an important character. He is president of the 
White Buck Hardware Co., a well-known business corporation. He was one 
of the original incorporators of the Racine Building & Loan Association, and 
has been its secretary since April, 1895. It is an enterprise wdiich has a souna 
financial standing. He is a stockholder in the Racine Shoe Company, and also 
in the Citizens Telephone Company. He owns a considerable amount of valu- 
able property, including his handsome home at No. 1426 College avenue, and 
a tract of seven acres of land, upon which is a substantial residence, within the 
limits of the city. He is also interested in several lead and zinc mines in south- 
western Wisconsin, being a director in the Trio Mining Company, of Linden, 

Mrs. Palmer is a member of the Episcopal Church. In political sentiment 
Mr. Palmer is a Republican, and is an active worker in the ranks of the party. 
He has numerous fraternal connections, joining the Masons as a member of 
Waterford Lodge, but now being affiliated w'ith Belle City Lodge No. 92, A. F. 
& A. M. He belongs to Racine Lodge, No. 32, Knights of Pythias ; is a char- 
ter member at Racine of the Modern Woodmen of America, Lakeside Camp 
No. 379 ; and is also connected with the Royal Arcanum, Racine Lodge No. 
220. He has an honorary membership in the Racine Club, and has a national 
reputation as a whist player. For many years he has been president of the 
Horlick Whist Club, which in 1904 won the championship of the United 
States at New York City. As will be inferred from the foregoing facts he 
secures a lead in wdiatever field he ventures and is recognized as one of the 
financial forces of Racine, as well as among its most prominent and popular 
professional gentlemen. 

CAPT. HALVOR WILLIAMSON, a wholesale and retail dealer in 
hardwood lumber, has been a resident of Racine for over thirty years, and is 
one of that city's most enterprising and progressive business men. He was 
born in Kragero, Norway. June 17. 1846. son of William Halvorson and 
Helen Johnson, natives of Norway. The paternal grandfather. Halvor Tur- 
geson, was a native of Norway, where both he and his wife, Anna Turgeson, 
died. The maternal grandfather, one Hendrickson. was also a native of 
Norway, was a sea captain, and died w^ell advanced in years. His wife was 
Ranguill Hendrickson. 

William Halvorson. our subject's father, was a ship carpenter and a 
shipbuilding master for eighteen years ; in his native country he drafted and 
built ships. He came to America about 1871. settling in Racine with his son 
Halvor. and dying at the home of his son John, in 1883. in his sixty-fourth 
^•ear. His wife passed away in Norway in 1852. Both were Lutherans. 
They had two sons and two daughters, both the daughters dying in early 
^vomanhood. The sons were Halvor, our subject, and John, who died in Ra- 
cine in 1902. 


Olaris Johnson, Capt. Williamson's uncle, was a well educated man, held 
various offices in his native country, and although he sailed to a number of 
foreign ports never needed an interpreter, as he spoke a number of languages. 

Capt. Halvor Williamson was reared in Norway, where he received his 
schooling. He came to America in 1861, and sailed on vessels to different 
countries until 1867, being also captain of vessels on Lake Michigan. He 
then went to California, being on the coast for a while, after which he pur- 
chased a hay press and pressed hay for some time in that State. In 1868 he 
removed to Alaska, and he was the ninth white man to locate in that country, 
E. R. Henning being the first. He remained in Alaska six vears, being first 
engaged on the coast in a trading schooner, and later becoming agent for the 
Alaska Commercial Company, operating several stores for them. In 1874 
he returned to the United States and located in Racine, becoming a captain 
on Lake Michigan, and continuing as such until 1888, when he left the Lake 
and established his present lumber business. He furnishes lumber for large 
contracts and supplies many large factories, running two vessels of his own, 
and employing on an average from thirty to thirty-five men. His offices are 
located at the north end of Mead street bridge. He is a stockholder in the 
Citizens" Telephone Company, and owns some fine propertv besides, including 
his lumber yards on Root river. 

Capt. Williamson was married in December, 1875, to ]iliss Eliza Marie 
Johnson, daughter of Peter and Mary Johnson, and to this union were born 
five children : One that died in infancy ; Helen, who married Lorris Jacob- 
sen, and lives at Wakonda, S. Dak. ; Alorris and Henrv, in the empiov of 
their father; and Myra Ethel, at school. Mrs. Williamson, the mother of 
these children, died in 1895, "i the faith of the Methodist Church. On Dec. 
22. 1896, Capt. Williamson married for his second wife Miss Marie Thress- 
ing, daughter of Ole and Oleanna Thressing. Capt. Williamson and his wife 
are Lutherans. The Captain owns a beautiful home at No. 944 Main street. 
Fraternally he is connected with Racine Lodge, No. 92. F. & A. M., and the 
Royal Arcanum. Politically he is a Republican. 

CARL J. RYGH, a prosperous and enterprising agriculturist and rep- 
resentative citizen of Section 36. Norwav township, was born in that town- 
ship March 26. 1866, son of Samuel S. and Hellena (Skarie) Rygh. The 
parents were natives of Norway, and the paternal grandfather was Swein 
Rygh, who, after the death of his wife in Norway, came to America. He 
was a farmer in this country, and died aged eightv-one vears. 

Samuel S. Rvgh, father of Carl J., came to America when a voung man, 
and, settling in Norway townshiD. purchased 100 acres of land which he im- 
proved and still owns, and to which he has added 120 acres, now having 220 
acres in Norway township. He also owned at one time fortv-nine acres at 
W^ind Lake, Racine county, which he sold some years ago. He and his wife 
are members of the Lutheran Church. Politically he is a RpDublic^n. and he 
was for a number of vears sunervisor and town treasurer. Mr. Rveh married 
Hellena Sknrie. dauehter of Hans Julson Bleeen. and thev h^d the following 
named children: Hans S. : Carl J-: ^larv Ann. wife of Andrew G. Oleson : 


Martha A., wife of Harvey E. Britton ; Henrietta, wife of Herman Erickson ; 
Samuel E., and Frederick W. 

Hans Julson Blegen ( father of Mrs. Hellena Rygh) was a son of Jul 
and Martha Blegen. who lived on a farm in Norway. They had three sons 
and one daughter, of whom, the daughter married and had two daughters. 
One son married and left two sons and two daughters. Hans 
Julson Blegen married Mary Skarie, and touk the name Skarie from 
the homestead of his father-in-law in Norway, where he lived after his mar- 
riage. Coming to America he settled at North Cape, Wis., and there engaged 
in farming until his death, in his sixty-ninth year. He and his wife had six 
children who lived to maturity, Jul, Paul, Even, Hellena, ]\Iary and Hans Ble- 
gen Skarie. Mary Skarie, wife of Hans Julson Blegen Skarie, was the 
daughter of Paul and Hellena Skarie. Their ancestors were from Toten, in 
Norway. They were engaged in farming in Halland, Norway. They had 
four daughters, Mary, Martha, Ragnild and Anna Skarie, of whom Anna 
married Hans Lauvbrotten and came to America, settling on a farm in 
Winneshiek county, Iowa. They died there, and left five daughters and one 

Carl J. Rygh was reared in Norway township on his father's farm, and 
attended the district schools. He lived at home until grown to manhood, and 
then went to Milwaukee and worked as a carpenter for the Chicago, Mil- 
waukee & St. Paul Railway Company, later becoming a member of the police 
force for fourteen months. He then became assistant superintendent of the 
Racine County Insane Asylum, where he continued for five "years, at the end 
of that time settling on his father-in-law's farm at North Cape, where he has 
resided ever since. Mr. Rygh farms 200 acres of fine land, and deals exten- 
sively in fine cattle. He has been successful in his business, and he and his 
wife are highly esteemed throughout the community. 

On March 7, 1894, Mr. Rygh married Miss Ellen .\ndsion. daughter 
of Peter M. and Sophia (Spillum) Andsion, and one daughter has been born 
to this union. Maggie A. Mr. and Mrs. Rygh are members of the Lutheran 
Church. Politically he is a Republican, anfl lie was town treasurer for one 

The first of the Andsion family of whom we have record was Paul And- 
sion. of Tommeraas, in Fyraas, Sweden. In 1731. after his crops had failed 
for thirteen consecutive years, he and his wife with their twelve children 
walked across the mountains to a place called Gr^nd Aune. a few miles dis- 
tant from the Andsion farm, where they settled. Peter Paulson Andsion, son 
of this Paul, was the great-grandfather of Mrs. Rygh. He and his wife lived 
on the Andsion farm, and were industrious farming people. His first wife 
died, and he married again, and by the two marriaees he had the following 
children : Ole Peterson. Paul, Lars. Lorns. Peter. Ellen and Panilla. 

Ole Peterson Andsion. grandfather of Mrs. Rvgh, was born in Norway, 
where he passed all his life. He married Beret, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. 
Morten Paulson Andsion, and took up farming on the adjoining farm. Thev 
had two daughters. Merit and Rebecca. ]\Ierit Andsion married Peter Liin 
Spillum, and they had one son, Ole, who married Karen Steendal and had 


ten chililren; they lived un the farm called Liin, at Spillum, near Namsos, 
Norway, and there died. Rebecca Andsion married Carl E. Savig and re- 
moved to a small farm called Gaasnesset; they had one daughter, Ellen B., 
who married Tobias Gaasnesset, and they lived on her father's place, and had 
one son. Carl. Ole P. Andsion's wife Beret died, and he then married her 
niece, Ingeborg Bergen, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Staal Bergen. To this 
union were born five children, viz. : Beirut, Gullianna, Sophia. Peter Meier 
and Ovidia. Of these, ( i ) Bernt Andsion and his wife, Paulina, had two 
sons, Ole and Jorgen. Ole came to America and walked from Portland, 
Maine, to North Cape. Later on he married a widow, Mrs. Olson, in Mil- 
waukee, and subsequently moved to Omaha, Neb. (2) Gullianna Andsion 
married Andreas Hals, and lived on the farm called Hals. They had one 
daughter, Josephine, who married Andrew Nelson, son of Nels Katmoen. 
They had one son, Norman, wdio lives on the old home at Hals. (3) So- 
phia' Andsion married Joel Aune, and they had six children, Alex, Martin, 
Justena, Johan P., Elise J. and Carl R. Alex Aune came to America and 

worked first as photographer. Then he married Ann and settled on 

a farm near Baldwin, St. Croix Co., Wis. He died leaving four children. 
Carl R. Aune married Indianna Alte, and coming to America settled on a 
farm near Baldwin, St. Croix Co., Wis. To them six sons were born, four 
of whom are living. One son, Hans Aune, is county superintendent of St. 
Croix county. Wis. (4) Peter ]Meier Andsion was the father of Mrs. Rygh. 
(5) Ovidia Andsion married Jacob Hals, and they spent their lives on a farm 
in Norwav. They had seven children. Johan, Laurits, Olise, Gusta, Anne, 
Sophie ("who married Carl Olson and lives at Denver, Colo.) and Ole. 

Peter Andsion, son of Peter Paulson Andsion, married a daughter of 
Mr. and ]Mrs. Flak, and to them were born two children, Lorns Peter and 
Margrethe. Lorns married Julianna, daughter of Halvor and Ellen Berge 
Geisness, and to them were born five children, Peter Albert, Helnier C, Ed- 
ward J.. Charles E., and Julia. They came to America and settled on al 
farm in St. Croix county. Wis., near Baldwin. In 1880 Helmer C. married 
Julia Andsion. daughter of Peter M. and Anne Sophia Andsion. They kept 
a hotel at Baldwin, Wis. On Sept. 3, 1885, he was drowned in Battle Lake, 

Panilla Andsion, daughter of Peter Paulson Andsion. married Mr. Hol- 
stad. and their son Ditlov. with wife and children, came to America and set- 
tled in Goodhue county. Minnesota. 

Peter Meier Andsion. father of Mrs. Rygh. was a native of Norway, and 
there married, on May 25. 184=;. Anne Sophia Spillum. daughter of Elling 
H. and Maren (Katmoen) Spillum. 

The first of the Katmoen family of whom we have record w-as Ole Kat- 
moen. of Overhalden. in Norwav. He had one sister and one brother. Chris- 
toi)her. Ole married Chersti Tetli. and they had twelve children, seven of 
whom grew up. Nels. Karen. Johan. Anne. Maren, Hellena and Swein Kat- 
moen. who later took the name Rygh. Of these, (i) Nels Katmoen. the old- 
est, and his wife Siri. lived at the old home. They had five children, of whom 
one son, Andrew, married Josephine Hals, daughter of Andreas and Gul- 


lianna (Andsion) Hals, and lived un her parents' farm. They had one son, 
Norman, and both died in Norway. Another son, Swain Nelson Katmoen, 
married and came to America, and was editor of a large Norwegian paper 
in Chicago, called Skaiidi)iaz'cii. (2) Karen Katmoen married, and later 
on both she and her husband died in Norway. (3) Johan Katmoen married 
a widow, Margret Vernbuen, with two children, and to this union three chil- 
dren were born. They died on their farm. (4) Anne Katmoen married Mr. 
Galgauften, and lived on the farm. They had two children. One daughter, 
Olea, married Andreas Valskraa, after he returned from America. (5) Ma- 
ren Katmoen, after working three years with her brother for thirty-six pounds 
of barley a year (for money had lost its \-alue), married Elling H. Spillum, 
and they first settled on his father's farm. Their children who lived were 
Ole, Hendrick, Anne Sophia and Michael. (6) Hellena Katmoen became en- 
gaged to a widower, Mr. Melus, and after a fourteen years' engagement she 
died while preparing for the wedding. (7) Swein Katmoen Rygh and his 

first wife, Anne , had two chiklren, Lovisa and Ole. She died, and later 

he married a widow, also named Anne. She died without a family. He then 
married Karen Veglo, and they had two children, Samuel S. Rygh (father of 
Carl J. Rygh) and Tilla. Tilla married Joakim Melen, and had a small farm. 
Their family consisted of two sons and one daughter. They all reside in 
Norway except the youngest son, George J. Melen, who came to .\merica 
and resides at or near North Cape. 

Elling H. and Maren (Katmoen) Spillum came with three sons from 
their native Norway to America in 1846, and settled near North Cape, in 
Raymond township, Racine Co., Wis., where Mr. Spillum purchased eighty 
acres of land. He also purchased eighty acres in Norw-ay township, com- 
prised in the late home of "his daughter and son-in-law, Mr. and Mrs. And- 
sion. paying $1,000 for both farms, including the crops thereon. In 1849 l^^ 
purchased eighty acres in Section 25, town of Norw-ay. He died in 1850, at 
the age of sixty-one years, on his farm, and his w'ife died in 1864, when sev- 
enty-six and a half years old. They had five children, four of whom grew 
up and came to Racine county. Mr. Spillum was a well known man in his 
native country, and held offices there. 

The first of the Spillum family of whom we have record is Elling Spil- 
lum. He and his w'ife Beret lived at the farm called Spillum, across the bay 
from the village of Namsos. They had one son, who was drowned while out 
fishing. They also had two daughters, Ellen and Maren. Elling died when 
a little past forty years old but his wife lived to a ripe old age. Ellen later 
on married Hendrik Hoy, and lived on the homestead. They had one son, 
Elling H. Spillum (grandfather of Mrs. Ellen A. Rygh), and two daughters, 
Ellen and Anne. Elling H. Spillum married Maren Katmoen and lived on 
the homestead. They had four children, Ole, Hendrik. Anne Sophia and 
Michael Spillum. In 1852 the oldest son, (i) Ole. married Betsy Adland, 
daughter of Mons and Ellen Adland, and settled on his father's farm. They 
had four daughters and one son. but only three daughters grew u]"), Martha, 
Magdalena and Anna Spillum. Of these. Martha married Paul Gunderson 
Aakvig, a grandson of Lendsmand Paul .\nflsion, from Vigten. Norway. 


They run a farm and he is machine agent at Porter, Yellow Meditine Co., 
.Minn. They have three sons and one daughter. Magdalena married Jerry- 
Fries and lives at Toronto, S. Dak., He runs a bank. They have two sons 
and a daughter. Anna Spillum married Christ Ebert. They run a store at 
Tacoma, Wash. In 1868 Betsy (Adland) Spillum died, and Ole married Anne 
Olson Klat. To this union were born four children, three living at present, 
Henry, Bertha and Ole. (2) Hendrik Spillum, second son of Elling H. and 
Maren Spillum, married Lucy Anderson, also a native of Norway. He was 
blind, but worked as a carpenter, cabinetmaker and wagonmaker. They died 
without a family. (3) Michael Spillum, the youngest, married Lovisa Rygh 
and lived on eighty acres in Section 25, Norway township. He was also 
blind. They had four children, Edward, Andrew, ]Matheus and Sanna C, 
wife of B. J. Bendickson. (4) Anne Sophia (Spillum) Andsion was the 
mother of Mrs. Ellen A. Rygh. She led an industrious Christian life. 

Maren Spillum, the other daughter of Elling Spillum, married Jonas 
Spillum the same day her sister Ellen was married and each received one- 
half of their father's farm. Their children were Rachel, Beret, Ingeborg and 
Ole. Ole married Gunnil Solum, and settled on the homestead. They had 
three children, Johan Andreas, Tilla and George Spillum, who came to 
America and has run a store at North Cape for over thirty years. 

All the relatives mentioned in this biography are Lutherans and nearly 
all are Republicans. Ellen, daughter of Ellen and Hendrik Hoy Spillum, 
married Halvor Berge Geisness. They were engaged in farming. They had 
four children, Andrew, Hendrik, Carl and Julianna, who married Lorns Pe- 
terson Flak, and they became the parents of Helmer C. Peterson, who mar- 
ried Julia Andsion May 20, 1880. The Geisness family resided near Bald- 
win, St. Croix Co., Wisconsin. 

Mr. and Mrs. Peter M. Andsion remained in Norway until 1849. and 
on coming to this country settled in Raymond township, Racine county, about 
a half mile south of North Cape, with Mrs. Andsion's parents. There they 
remained five years, and then came to their present farm in Norway' town- 
ship, the one Elling H. Spillum had purchased some years before. Mrs. Spil- 
lum stayed among her children and died at the home of her daughter. Mrs. 
Andsion. Mr. Andsion was a blacksmith by trade and followed that calling 
for many years, together with his farming. He became prominent in public 
afifairs and in religious work, holding church offices and various township 
offices, among them that of chairman of the town of Norway for several 
terms. Mr. Andsion died Jan 23, 1904, at the age of eighty-one, just eleven 
days after the death of his wife, who was seventy-nine and a half years old. 
They were memters of the Lutheran Church, and in politics Mr. Andsion was 
a Republican. They had four children: Edward J., who died in 1850: Mar- 
garetta. who married James Frederickson and died in 1890. leaving three chil- 
dren : Julia, widow of Helmer C. Peterson, of Baldwin, Wis., who was 
drowned at Battle Lake. Minn., Sept. 3, 1885; and Ellen A.. Mrs. Rygh. 

MATTHEW CUNNINGHAM, one of Burlington's substantial busi- 
ness men, who is engaged in dealing in clothing, drv goods, shoes, etc.. was 

co:\i:memorative biographical record. 223 

born in County Longford, Ireland, May 19, 1841, son of Patrick and Ann 
(Donlon) Cunningham, also natives of the Emerald Isle. Daniel Cunning- 
ham, the grandfather, died in Ireland, aged about fifty years. He was a 
farmer. He and his wife, Ann Eagan, had a good sized family. On the ma- 
ternal side, grandfather Dunlon li\ed to a good old age, as did also his wife, 
Mary Shanley. 

Patrick Cunningham came to America in 1847, and located four miles 
east of Burlington, wliere he purchased a farm of eighty acres, to which he 
added, from time to time, until it contained 240 acres. There he died in 1877, 
aged seventy-two years, while his wife survived him until 1888, being' sev- 
enty-eight years old at the time of her death. Mr. Cunningham held the 
office of town supervisor for some years. Eight children were born to Pat- 
rick and Ann Cunningham, three of whom are still living : Matthew, of Bur- 
lington; Maria, the wife of Michael Gleason, of Dover, Wis., and Annie, wife 
of Robert O'Neill, of Burlington. 

Matthew Cunningham was a little over five years old when he came to 
America with his parents, and he was reared on his father's farm. He at- 
tended the district schools and lived at home until he reached maturity, after 
which he began clerking in a clothing' store in Milwaukee, where he remained 
seven years. In 1870 he went to Chicago, and in 1880 located in Burlington, 
forming a partnership with Leonard Smith and buying out his father-in-law, 
the firm being Smith & Cunningham. Tliis firm continued until 1891, when 
Mr. Cunningham bought Mr. Smith's interest, and he has continued alone 
ever since. On Feb. 4, 1880, Mr. Cunningham married Miss Annie Smith, 
daughter of Valentine and Genevieve Smith. Ten children were born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Cunningham, four sons and six daughters : Clara, Mary, Nancy, 
Laura, Katie, Julia, Alfred, Leonard, Joseph and Raymond. Politically Mr. 
Cunningham is a Democrat, and he served as a member of the city council for 
three years. He is one of the substantial merchants of Burlington, where he 
has conducted his present business for ovev twenty-five years. He is honored 
and respected for his straightforward business methods, not only by his pat- 
rons but by the citizens in general. 

Mrs. Cunningham's parents were natives of Germany, and came to 
America about 1850, locating in New York City for a short time. They then 
came West to Burlington, where Mr. Smith died in July, 1899. His widow 
still survives. Of their children, three are still surviving: Leonard, Mrs. 
Cunningham and Louisa. 

JAMES BROOK, a well-to-do farmer of Brighton township, Kenosha 
county, is, like so many residents of that section, of English descent, and was 
himself born in England, although his life since boyhood has been spent in 

James Brook was named after his paternal grandfather, who died in 
his native England when about ninety years old. He married Miss Sallie 
Fairbanks, who lived to nearly the same age. and they had a family of six 
sons and four daughters. They were farming people. 

William Brook, son of the above, was a weaver and manufacturer of 
alpaca. He came to Wisconsin in 1847, landing at Southport. now Kenosha, 


and \-erv soon settleil in Brighton township, where he bought eighty acres of 
land, lie addetl to this till he owned 290 acres, all of which he improved 
from its wild state, and lived there till his death, at the age of fifty-five. He 
married Miss Mary Taylor, and she survived him until 1886, passing away 
when seventy-three years old. She was a daughter of William and Betsey 
(Wilson) Taylor, natives of England, and farming people, who died in Eng- 
land aged eighty and seventy years respectively. Their family consisted of 
two sons and four daughters. Mrs. Brook and her husband both belonged to 
the Church of England. Of the five sons and four daughters born to them 
si.x are still living, viz. : James ; William, of Brighton township ; Sarah. 
widow of Henry Martin, of Brighton township; Hannah Mary, Harriet Ann 
and Amelia, all residing in that same township. One son, Edward, of Com- 
pany H, 1st Wis. V. C, died while a prisoner at Andersonville. 

James Brook was born in Yorkshire, England, Jan. 17, 1838, and was 
a boy of nine years when his father brought the family to America. Most of 
his education was acquired in the Wisconsin district schools, and after finish- 
ing his studies he devoted himself to farming. He remained at home until he 
was forty-one years old, taking part of the charge of his father's place. At 
last he began for himself on a farm of eighty acres which his father gave him 
and he has added to this till he is the owner of 300 acres, located in Section 
29. He has made many extensive improvements on his farm and has one 
of the best in the region, being one of the representative men of his township. 

The marriage of James Brook to Miss Charity Gulick occurred April 10, 
1879, and their union has been blessed with four children, namely: William 
Henry, a lawyer in Ontario, Oregon ; James Walter ; Lulu Bell ; and Lucy 
Loretta. Mr. Brook in his religious views is an Episcopalian, and his wife a 
Presbyterian. Politically he is a Republican. 

GILBERT M. SIMMONS (deceased) and Gilbert M. Simmons Li- 
brary. The lamented son of Hon. Z. G. Simmons, who passed quietly away 
in his native city of Kenosha, on the afternoon of the 15th of January, 1890. 
was a thoroughly educated gentleman, an active and broad-minded business 
man, intensely devoted to the public welfare of Kenosha, and in his death the 
city lost one of its most popular and sincerely mourned residents. It was univer- 
sally recognized that a warm, pure, strong character had been taken from the 
community, and the grief was the more widespread and deep in that the de- 
ceased was only in his thirty-eighth year, having scarcely readied the prime 
of his best endeavors. 

Gilbert M. Simmons was born in Kenosha, Wis., July 2, 1852, the son of 
Hon. Zalmon G. and Emma E. Simmons. In 1875 he graduated from the 
Northwestern University, Evanston, and in the following year formed a mer- 
cantile partnership at Kenosha with Charles C. Brown, under the firm name of 
Simmons & Brown. At college he was an athlete, a member of the boat crew, 
a good student, and popular with both students and professors. He carried his 
energetic and attractive qualities into business life, and as he was thorough, 
honest and a natural executive, he was soon conceded to be the most popular 
of Kenosha's citizens, and one in whom the public had unqualified confidence. 
In 1 888 he became cashier of the First National Bank, and at the time of his 
death was also a director in several local corporations. 


On March 30, 1877, Mr. Simmons was united in marriage, at Evanston, 
111., to Miss Juliet Clarkson, and to this union were born three children, Eliza- 
beth, Clarkson and Margaret. Of the children, Elizabeth only survives,' Clark- 
son having died at the age of eight years, and Margaret at twenty months. The 
widow resides at Kenosha. In politics the deceased was a stalwart Republican, 
and, as in all other fields into which he entered, an active and influential worker. 

The library erected to his memory by his devoted father stands in Cen- 
tral Park, Kenosha, and is an imposing and beautiful tribute of paternal af- 
fection. Its style is pure, simple and Grecian classic, the building being of 
stone, with a stately dome and colonnaded entrance, and was completed in July,. 
1900, at a cost of $200,000 — the building and decorations on the grounds. Its 
dimensions on the ground are 175x72 feet. The interior is of marble. Besides 
bearing the expense of the erection of the building Mr. Simmons contributed 
$20,000 for the purchase of books, the library containing about 17,000 volumes 
with a considerable sum still unexpended. 

This memorial to a beloved son and munificent donation to Kenosha stands 
in the center of the beautiful grounds, comprising four acres, located in the 
heart of. the city and formerly known as the Village Commons. They are 
bounded on the west by Chicago street, north by Park Place, east by Park ave- 
nue, and south by Deming street. The artistic and imposing Soldiers Monu- 
ment presented by Mr. Simmons to the Civil war patriots of Kenosha county 
is also on the library site, facing Park Place. 

Gilbert M. Simmons Library is the splendid culmination of a movement 
in favor of a public institution of this character which had been in progress 
for several years. To condense from the first annual report of the president, 
William W. Strong, in 1895 a number of citizens, feeling that a public librarj' 
was not only a desirable institution for the city of Kenosha, but was indeed a 
necessity, for the further advancement of the mental and moral welfare of the 
community, held a meeting in the parlor of the "Hotel Grant," in the evening 
of November 14. At an adjourned meeting held Jan. 6. 1896, the committee 
previously appointed to perfect an organization reported a plan by which tlie 
proposed library should be supported by a system of annual dues, the payment 
of which constituted membership in the Kenosha Library Association. Messrs. 
Zalmon G. Simmons, George Yule, James Cavanagh, William W. Strong, 
George W. Johnston, Joseph Bendt, John O'Donnell, E. C. Thiers and Emory 
L. Grant were chosen directors, and later Mr. Simmons was elected president. 
Mr. Yule, vice-president, Mr. Johnson, secretary, and Mr. Bendt, treas- 
urer. Mr. Simmons found it impossible to accept and Mr. Strong was elected 
president in his place. In December, 1898, Mr. Johnston removed from the city 
and Mr. Thiers was chosen secretary. A room for the library was secured 
from Mr. Simmons, and many citizens contributed books, as well as the Uni- 
tarian Society, which presented its collection of 800 volumes. Not a few also 
made liberal donations in money, among others Messrs. George Yule and Ed- 
ward Bain, who each gave $1,500. Soon after the organization Mrs. Clara 
P. Barnes was selected as librarian, and she still holds that position. 

To quote from the report of President Strong : 

"The work of the Kenosha Public Library continued in its modest way. 
attracting to its notice the teachers in the schools and members of the various 
library societies of the citv, until in i8gg its friends were surprised and de- 
lighted 1)V the announcement made bv Mr. Zalmon G. Simmons of his munifi- 


cent offering to tlie city of Kenosha. Soon after this announcement was made 
the directors of the Kenosha Pubhc Library held a meeting and passed the 
foHowing resokitions : 

"Whereas : There has appeared in the public press a proposition made by Honorable Z. G. 
Simmons, in which he offers to erect in the Central Park of this city, a library building and to 
place the park in condition to make a beautiful setting for the building; to install in the building a 
carefully selected library of 25,000 volumes; and when the same is completed, to present it to the 
city of Kenosha on condition that it is to be called "Gilbert M. Simmons Library;" therefore, be it 

"AVi-o/jrrf, That the Board of Directors of the Kenosha Public Library hereby offers to the 
reading public its hearty congratulations upon being the recipient of this most generous ofier of 
Mr. Simmons. 

"A\'so/Tcd, That the Board of Directors hereby requests the Common Council of the City 
of Kenosha to accept without hesitation this munificent offer. 

"A'fxo/i'fd, That when the proposed liorary is completed, that the Kenosha Public Library 
Association be called together for the purpose of offering its collection of books to Gilbert M. Sim- 
mons Library. 

"On March ig. 1900. Mayor James Gorman, in a message to the Common 
Council of the City of Kenosha, named the following as members of the 
Board of Directors of Gilbert M. Simmons Library, viz. : Zalmon G. Sim- 
mons, George Yule, James Cavanagh, William W. Strong, Joseph Behdt, John 
O'Donnell, Charles C. Brown, Edward C. Thiers, Emory L. Grant and Prof. 
Elvin C. Wiswall. Shortly after a meeting was held at the office of Mr. Sim- 
mons and bv ballot officers were chosen as follows : William W. Strong, pres- 
ident; George Yule, vice-president; Edward C. Thiers, secretary; and Joseph 
Bendt, treasurer. 

"About July ist, 1900, Mr. Simmons announced that the library was ready 
to receive the books of the old association (numbering nearly 5,000) and the 
books and other property were taken to the magnificent building and placed on 
the shelves. On July 19th the first book was taken out, and since that time 
until now the book lovers of Kenosha have constantly availed themselves 
of the opportunity to feast their minds upon the productions of the world's 
greatest thinkers." 

LOUIS MILTON THIERS, at one time a photographer of Kenosha, 
residing at No. 426 Park avenue, was born in that city July 8, 1858, son of 
David and Louisa K. (Capron) Tliiers. 

The Thiers family is^ of French origin. The first ancestor in America 
was a noted Huguenot who fled from the south of France during the persecu- 
tion following the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, in 1685. He fled first to 
Frankfort-on-the-]Main and then to America. Its representatives in \Yisconsin 
came from the State of New York, where Mr. Thiers' grandfather, George 
Thiers, was born June 26. 1781. His grandmother was Mary Bodine Thiers. 

David Thiers was born July 28, 1820. In his early manhood he was 
employed for some years in looking after the interests of his brother-in-law. 
Horace Capron, in Maryland, and then in 1850, soon after his marriage, he 
moved to Kenosha. He remained there only a brief period, however, and 
until 1854 was engaged in farming and stock raising on a large farm whicli 
he conducted near Alden, McHenry Co., 111. At the end of that time he re- 
turned to Kenosha, went into the flour and feed business for a number of 
years and later ran a grocery store. He died in March, 1875, leaving a wife 


ami fijur children. One daughter, Ella, died in infancy, the Withers heing: 
Herbert M., of Chicago; Emma \V., wife of Charles Ouarles, of Milwaukee; 
Edward C, of Kenosha; and Louis Milton, of Kenosha. Mr. Thiers and his 
wife were both Congregationalists. He was a school commissioner for some 

Mrs. Thiers, whose maiden name was Louisa K. Capron, is still living, 
and makes her home with her daughter in Milwaukee. She was a grand- 
daughter of Elisha and Abigail (Makepeace) Capron and a daughter of Dr. 
Seth Capron, a physician, of English descent, and a native of Massachusetts 
and a Revolutionary soldier. He married Miss Eunice Mann, a first cousin 
of Horace Mann, and they had five children. One of the sons, Horace, was a 
general in the Rebellion and became commissioner of agriculture under 
Grant's administration. He was afterward employed by the Japanese gov- 
ernment to go over there and introduce manufactures and American methods. 
Dr. Seth Capron passed away when upward of seventy years old. At one 
period in his life, besides practicing his profession, he erected the first cotton 
mills built in New- York State and the foundation of the present York Mills. 
His wife lived to the age of eighty-six and died in Kenosha. 

Louis Milton Thiers grew to maniiood in Kenosha and received his edu- 
cation in the public schools of the city, completing the high school course. He 
attended the University of Michigan, at Ann Arbor, for a short time, but 
soon took up instead the study of photography in Kenosha. After a year's 
work there he went to Chicago and for five years worked in the studio of Max 
Platz, one of the leading photographers there. An interval of a year followed 
during which he was in the office of N. R. Allen's Sons' tannery, and then 
began his connection with the Scotford Manufacturing Company, manufac- 
turers of brass novelties. Mr. Thiers was secretary and treasurer of the 
company till 1891, in which year; because of ill health, he was obliged to re- 
sign. A year's travel in Europe restored his strength, and on his return he 
became bookkeeper for the Kenosha Novelty Company for a while. In i8g6 
he turned his attention again to photography and, as junior member of the 
firm of Hollister & Thiers, opened a studio in Kenosha. This association 
with Mr. E. H. Hollister continued for six years, but in 1902 Mr. Thiers sold 
out his interest and has ever since been engaged in looking after some landed 
interests in Kenosha county and in Minnesota. 

Tune n;, 1888, witnessed the union of Louis M. Thiers to Miss Marv 
Elizabeth Lamb Stanbridge, daughter of William Stanbridge. No children 
have been born to this union, but they have an adopted daughter, Natalie 
Elizabeth. Mrs. Thiers' mother was Miss Mary Anna Lamb, only daughter 
of John and Anne Mary (Wilcox) Lamb. Mr. Lamb, a large landowner 
and real estate dealer, was one of the early settlers of Kenosha county, com- 
ing thither from Kington, Herefordshire, England. He lived to be eighty-six 
years old. Anne M. (Wilcox) was Mr. Lamb's second wnfe. the first being 
Miss Elizabeth Stephens, whom he married in England. ■ Of the three chil- 
dren born to that first union, two, William and Elizabeth, lived and dierl in 

HENRY M. 0\"ERSOX. who is carrving on agricultiu'al operations 
on his fine piece of land in Section i, Dover township, is a native of Racine 


count V, biirn in Norway township July 24, 1859. His parents, Frank and 
Betsey (Peterson) Overson, were natives of Norway. The grandfather diea 
in Norway township in middle life, and his wife, Isabel, lived to be upward 
of seventy years of age. They had five children. On the maternal side, our 
subject's grandfather was Ole Peterson, a native of Norway, who died in 
that country in middle life, meeting his death by drowning while following 
his occupation, fishing. His wife was Angeline Peterson. 

Frank Overson, the father of our subject, came to America in 1840 and, 
with his parents, settled in Norway township. He took up Government land 
on growing to manhood, and at one time owned 445 acres. There he lived 
until 1904, when he divided his farm among his children, now making his 
home with his son-in-law and daughter, Mr. and Mrs. Edward Pierce, in Do- 
ver township. His wife died in 1880, aged forty-two years, eleven months. 
■Mr. Overson is a Lutheran, to which faith his wife also adhered. They had 
ten children : Henry M. ; Inga Maria, the widow of James Nelson, living in 
Racine; Angeline, the wife of Grant Nelson, of Racine; Isabel, the wife of 
Edward Pierce, of Dover township ; Thomas Overson, who is on the old 
homestead in Norway township; Ellen Josephine, of Racine; Ole Edmund, of 
Dover township ; James, a lawyer of Kokomo, Ind. ; Frank Ezra, of Racine, 
ex-manager of the Racine County Insane Asylum: and John B.. of Norway 

Henry ]\I. Overson was reared on his father's farm in Norway t(^wnship, 
and attended the district schools. He has always followed farming with the 
exception of two years spent in Milwaukee and one year in Burlington. \\'hen 
he left home he had but fourteen dollars in his pocket, but he owned a team 
of horses, with which he did teaming for one year. He then rented a farm 
for one year, at the end of which time he purchased his present 120-acre tract 
of land, to which he has added from time to time, his property now compris- 
ing 280 acres. 

On June 14, 1893, Mr. Overson married Miss Caroline D. Stalbaum, 
daughter of Frederick and Catherine (Snider) Stalbaum, and five children 
have been born to this union: Frank Leslie, Stanley Frederick, Paul Harold, 
\\'esley John and Violet Grace. Mr. and Mrs. Overson are members of the 
Christian Science Church. Politically he is a Republican. 

John Stalbaum, the paternal grandfather of Mrs. Overson. was a native 
of Mecklenliurg. Germany, and married Katherine Nuremburg. They came 
to America, being among the early settlers of Norway township, and engaged 
in farming. Here both died, leaving five children. On the maternal side, 
Mrs. Overson's grandfather was Conrad Snider, who on coming to America 
settled in New York, whence he came West at an early day. He and his wife. 
Magdalena (Raab) Snider, lived to advanced age. They had l:)ut one child, 
the mother of Mrs. Overson. 

Mrs. Overson's father was a native of Mecklenburg. Germany, and com- 
ing to America lived in New York for a time. After marriage he and his 
wife came to Racine county, being among the early settlers of Norway town- 
ship, where they still reside, Mr. Stalbaum owning about five hundred acres 
of land. Thev had five children, as follows: Elizabeth, who is at home; 


Caroline D.. wife of ]\Ir. Overson; In-cclerick, deceased: Sarah Julia (Nellie) ; 
and Louis, at home. 

RICHARD PEAT, a skilled patternmaker employed in the plant of the 
y. I. Case Threshing 2^Iachine Company, Racine, Wis., has been a resident 
of that city for over thirty years. Mr. Peat was born May 22, 1849, i" Mont- 
gomeryshire. North Wales, son of Richard and Ann (Peat) Peat, natives of 
that country. 

The paternal grandfather of our subject was also named Richard Peat, 
and he and his wife Elizabeth had a good-sized family. The maternal grand- 
father, Robert Peat, a native of Wales, was a tailor by trade, and he died 
aged about eighty-twq years. His wife, Margaret, also lived to an advanced 
age, and she and her husband were the parents of a large family. 

Richard Peat (2), son of Richard, and father of our subject, was a 
weaver by trade, and died in Wales atout 1863, aged fifty-two years, 
his wife passing away about six months later. They were members of the 
Congregational Church. Richard and Ann ( Peat) Peat had these children : 
Robert, of Lima, Ohio: Elizabeth, wife of L R. Tudor, of Van Wert, Ohio: 
Richard, of Racine: William, of Gomer, Ohio: and Edward, M. D., deceased. 

Richard Peat, the third in direct line to bear the name, lived in his native 
shire until seventeen years of age, and attended the common schools. He then 
came to America and lived at Gomer. Ohio, for four years, and at the age of 
nineteen years began learning the carpenter's trade. From Gomer he removed 
to Delphos, and thence to Columbus, Ohio, and from the latter place went to 
Chicago, 111. About 1874 ]\Ir. Peat located in Racine, and went to work in 
the St. Paul railroad shops, remaining seven and one-half years. He then 
entered the employ of the J. I. Case Threshing Machine Company, and after 
fourteen years with that company he engaged with the Racine ^Malleable Iron 
Company, where he continued for nine years. At the end of this time he 
returned to the J. I. Case Threshing Machine Company, and there he has 
since remained, being employed as a patternmaker, making patterns for all 
kinds of new machinery. 

Mr. Peat was married Jan. 6, 1876. to Miss Margaret Pugh. daughter 
of James and Jeannette (Hughes) Pugh, and to this union have been born 
two children : Annie, who married Albert Fink, of Milwaukee ; and James, 
cashier in the Internal Revenue Office, Milwaukee, who was formerly em- 
ployed in the Manufacturers Bank of Racine. Mr. and Mrs. Peat are mem- 
bers of the Presbyterian Church, in which he is a "-'eacon. Fraternally Mr. 
Peat is connected with the Modern Woodmen of America. Politicallv he is 
a Republican. His fine home at No. 842 Park avenue, was built by him in 

We quote the following sketch of Miss Annie Peat (now ^Irs. Albert 
Fink) from the Cambrian, a Welsh monthlv magazine: 

"It is with pleasure that we present with this issue a sketch of one of the 
most popular lady musicians in the L^nited States, and one who is known to 
thousands of Eisteddfodwyr all over this vast continent. Her ability is so 
well known, and has been so favorably commented on by some of the noted 
critics of the musical world, that any further reference on our part to her 


sterling qualities as a musician, as well as her ability to perform on her chosen 
instruments — the piano and organ — wouia be superfluous. We refer to Aliss - 
Annie Peat, of Racine, Wisconsin. 

■'.Miss Peat was born in Racine, Oct. i8, 1876. She is the daughter or 
Richard and Alargaret Peat. Mr. Peat is a native of Llanbrynmair, North 
Wales, while the mother of the subject of our sketch, was born in Racine, 
being a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. James Pugh, who gained prominence owing 
to being the first Welsh couple ever married in that thriving town on Lake 
Michigan. Miss Peat's talent for music is hereditary, as her father is a well- 
known musician, and acknowledged to be one of the most successful conduc- 
tors in the locality in which they reside. She commenced the study of the 
piano, for which she showed much aptitude, when but a mere child, her sub- 
sequent teachers being Frederick Nelson and Miss Merrick, of Chicago, and 
Charles W. Dodge, of Milwaukee, who is noted for his excellent qualities as 
an instructor. By faithful study and practice she made such rapid progress 
as to exceed the most earnest expectations of her many admirers, who 
watched her with strong feelings of hopefulness for future success. Since the 
commencement of her career she has studied music and piano playing with 
such etlect that she has developed into a substantial concert player, and her 
methods of technique and of musical interpretation have enabled her to give 
some highly satisfactory renderings of the works of the great masters. Her 
playing is characterized with poetic and sympathetic qualities of expression 
sustained power and brilliancy. She has given numerous recitals throughout 
the West with much success, and received very flattering encomiums from 
the press. 

"Possibly it is an organist that Miss Peat is best known. After a three 
years' course of study with Harrison M. Wild, director of the Apollo Club, 
of Chicago, as w-ell as organist of Grace Episcopal Church, of the same city, 
supplemented bv another course under that noted performer and instructor, 
Herr Wilhelm Middleschulte, organist of St. James' Episcopal Church, Chi- 
cago, and Theodore Thomas' Orchestra, it is hardly to be wondered at that 
the critics rave over her playing. One of the leading organists of this coun- 
trv. on hearing Miss Peat's interpretation of Guilmant's 'Marche Religieuse' 
at a recent concert, remarked : 'She will some day reach the pinnacle of fame, 
and be classified with the leading organists of the w-orld.' Such commenda- 
tion from one so able to judge fully repays a person for a whole life of study. 
At the Eisteddfod held at Cincinnati, O., Jan. i, 1900. where Miss Peat was 
engaged in rendering several selections on the grand pipe organ in Music 
Hall, she won unstinted praise. Professor Homan, mucisal critic of the Cin- 
cinnati Commercial Tribune, referred publicly to her rendering of Bach's 
Tocatto and Fugue in D minor, as follows : 'Her reading was given with the 
genuine Bach spirit, clean-cut phrasing and finely accentuated periods. She 
has a facile command of facile registration, and her pedaling is excellent.' 
Miss Peat has given a large number of organ recitals. Her first occurred at 
Racine. April 2. 1894. when but seventeen years of age. Since that time she 
has appeared, among other places, in Van Wert. O.. where at the ]\Iay Fes- 
tival in 1897 she played the accompaniments of Handel's 'Judas Maccabeus' 
on the organ ; a recital at Pabst Theatre, Milwaukee, at the Ben Davies Con- 


cert, under the auspices of the Ariun Musical Club; and at the recent Eistedd- 
fod ni Lmcumati, U., ni each place wmnnig the highest praise ut lier auaitors 
and critics. 

"Miss Peat is an ardent Eisteddfodist, having officiated in many festi- 
vals as an accompanist. In this role her services are in great demand, as she 
is a superb reader and in complete sympathy with the singer, points which are 
necessary in an ideal accompanist. For several years she officiated as an ac- 
companist of the Orpheus Llub of Racine, under the directorship of Profes- 
sor Daniel Protheroe, Mus. Bac, of Milwaukee, to the utmost satisfaction of 
all, and has also accompanied such artists as Mrs. G. Clarke Wilson, Chi- 
cago ; Frederick Carberry, H. Evan Williams, Albert Fink, and others, with 
gratifying success. Miss Peat's experience as a competitor in Eisteddfodau, 
while not a very lengthy one, proved of great benefit to her. She first com- 
peted at Central Music Hall, Chicago, Jan. i, 1890, where she was awarded 
first prize. In all her subsequent competitions she was eminently successful. 

"At present Miss Peat presides at the organ in the First Presbyterian 
Church, Racine, a position she has held continuously for the past seven years 
[now thirteen years]. She also devotes a large portion of her time to teach- 
ing, having under her instruction at the present time, a large class of stu- 
dents, who, it is hoped, will appreciate their opportunity of having for an in- 
structor one so ciualified in every respect for the imparting of knowledge to 
those fortunate enough to be placed under her careful tuition. Racine people 
are naturally proud of their talented townswoman, and well they might be. 
Miss Peat was born and raised in Racine, was graduated from the local high 
school, and is at present one of the leaders in musical circles in that com- 

"The Caiuhnau congratulates Miss Peat, and is pleased with the oppor- 
tunity of presenting a cut of her genial features in its columns, hoping that 
her past successes will be as a trifle in comparison with what the future has 
in store for her. — lorwerth ap Rhys." 

Mrs. Fink was appointed by the State of Wisconsin to preside at the 
mammoth organ on Wisconsin Day at the Pan-American Exposition. The 
Buffalo (N. Y.) Sunday Nczvs. July 28, 1901. said: "Miss Annie Peat, an 
accomplished organist of Racine. Wis., played a selection on the organ. Miss 
Peat's playing proved a very delightful feature of the programme and she 
showed herself to be an artist of rare accomplishment and ability." On the 
same date the Milwaukee Sunday Scntind reported : "Miss Peat gave a 
magnificent rendition of Bach's Tocatto and Fugue in D minor, and 
showed her unquestionable mastery of the great instrument by the exquisite 
interpretation of Guilmant's first Sonata. Her playing was most enthusias- 
tically received." 

Mrs. Fink is the only woman organist to give a recital on the great organ 
in the Tabernacle at Salt Lake City. Under date of Aug. 23, 1902, the Salt 
Lake Telegram says : Mrs. Annie Peat Fink, who is visiting in Salt Lake, 
conducted the organ recital at the Tabernacle yesterday afternoon and stir- 
prised her audience by a masterful performance. She possesses individuality 
in her style, combined with splendid understanding of the registration and 
technique worthy of any artist." 


JAAIES CAVANAGH. Among the leading; lawyers of Kenosha none 
js better known or stands higher in his profession than James Cavanagh, who 
by his own ability and untiring industry has pushed his way steadily upward 
to his present assured position. He was born in Kenosha Jan. 23. 18^3, of 
Irish parentage and descent. Nothing of his paternal grandfather is now 
known except that he died in Ireland. 

James Cavanagh, Sr.. was born in County Roscommon, Ireland. He 
married JMiss Catherine Cox, daughter of a farmer and drover in ^^'estmeath, 
Ireland, who bought and sold cattle. Three children were born to James and 
Catherine Cavanagh : James, Jr., and Mary and Elizabeth, who both died in 
early childhood. In Ireland the father was engaged principahy in farming, 
but after he came to America in 1842 he worked at landscape gardening, and 
spent several years at that employment in Kenosha. He tlien purchased eightv- 
six acres of land in Bristol township, and gave his entire attention to culti- 
vating it for the rest of his life. His death occurred there in November. 1861, 
when he was about sixty years of age. His wife, who was born in 1828, sur- 
vived him until 1893. They were members of the Catholic Church. 

James Cavanagh. Jr., grew up on the farm, meeting the usual experiences 
of a farmer's son. After exhausting the opportunities for studying at the dis- 
trict schools he went to the Oshkosh Normal School to prepare himself for 
teaching. For six years — partly before and partly after his graduation from 
that institution — he taught, but still operated the farm, which his father's 
death had left to his management, during the summer vacations. For some 
time Mr. Cavanagh read law by himself, and in that way covered much of the 
necessary ground, but in July, 1876, he entered the law office of J. V. and C. 
Ouarles. at Kenosha, and began his formal preparation for admission to the 
Wisconsin Bar. He passed the required examinations in November of the 
same year, and in the following March entered upon the active practice of his 
profession. He went first to Stevens Point, Wis., but after one year there re- 
turned to Kenosha and has been permanently established there ever since. Be- 
sides being the attorney for several large corporations, Mr. Cavanagli has 
various business interests of his own, and is president of the Kenosha Gas 81 
Electric Company, director of the Northwestern Loan and Trust Company, 
and president of the Kenosha Home Telephone Company. His political views 
have led him into the ranks of the Republicans, and for four years he held the 
position of district attorney. He was also superintendent o'f the city schools 
for a period of eight years. 

On April 25, 1877, Mr. Cavanagh was married to Miss Nellie Pratt Park- 
inson, daughter of Reuben and Chloe ( Pratt) Parkinson, of Oshkosh. To this 
union three children have been born, namely: Walter James, for three years 
a student in the L^niversity of Chicago, at oresent in the employ of the Simmons 
Manufacturing Company at Kenosha: Richard P., attending the State LTni- 
versitv at Madison: and James, who lived but two and one half years. The 
family resides at No. 370 Prairie avenue, which property ]\Ir. Cavanagh owns 
in addition to the old home farm in Bristol township. Mrs. Cavanagh is an 
Episcopalian, but her husband adheres to the faith of his fathers. 


HENRY F. JOHXSOX. One of the fine farms of Racine county is 
that owned by Henry F. Johnson, in Section 12, Norway township. Mr. 
Johnson was born on this farm March 5, i860, son of Ole and Juha (Beck- 
jord) Johnson, natives of Norway. 

Mr. Johnson attended the district schools of iiis nati\'e locahty, and there 
grew to manhood. At his father's death he inherited a share of the old home- 
stead, and later purchased a sister's interest, now owning a finely improved 
tract of 160 acres. The father gave each of the other sons a farm. Not only 
is Mr. Johnson well known as an enterprising and practical agriculturist, but 
as a town and county official as well. He is influential in the ranks of the Re- 
publican party, and for twelve years he served as supervisor, being chairman 
of the board for seven years. He was elected school treasurer July 5, 1885, 
and so efficiently performed the duties appertaining to that office that he has 
been re-elected continuously, term after term, to the present time. He was a 
delegate to the State convention on Gov. LaFollette's first nomination, and 
has been to many county conventions as well. He is now one of the trustees 
of the Racine County Asylum for the Chronic Insane. Mr. Johnson served 
for many years as a director of the Dover and Norway Township Farmers' 
Insurance Company. He and his wife are members of the Lutheran Church, 
He is fraternally connected with the United Order of Foresters. 

On Oct. 5, 1887, Mr. Johnson married Miss Carolina A. Nelson, daugh- 
ter of Nels H. and Betsy (Sanderson) Nelson, and four children were born 
to this union: Orville Newton, Benjamin Julian, Nelson Harold and Clar- 
ence Hulbert. 

Mrs. Johnson's parents were natives of Norway and early settlers of 
Raymond township, Racine county, where Mr. Nelson owned a tract of 156 
acres, another of seventy-three, and one of sixty acres in Norway township. 
He improved the first farm, and there continued to reside until his death, 
Feb. 2, 1899, at the age of sixty-four years, ten months, sixteen days. His 
widow still survives and lives at the old home place. She was bom Oct. 21, 
1840. She is a member of the Lutheran Church, to which Mr. Nelson also 
belonged. They were the parents of the following children : Carolina A., 
wife of Henry F. Johnson; Herman A., of Rolfe, Iowa; Ellen S., the widow 
of Syver Goli, of Perry, Dane Co., Wis.; Emma, unmarried, who is at home; 
Anna Matilda, wife of Gustave A. Dawson, of Rolfe, Iowa; Bertha Jose- 
phine, wife of Percy Dawson, of Raymond township; Nellie Louise, wife of 
John B. Overson. of Norway township ; Adolph N., who is on the old home- 
stead, and Alfred S., at home. 

The paternal grandfather of Mrs. Carolina A. Johnson was Hermo Nel- 
son, a native of Norway, and one of the early settlers of Raymond township, 
where he followed farming until his death, at the age of eighty-five years. He 
and his wife, Karie (Tufte) Nelson, who was seventy years old at the time of 
her death, were the parents of four children : Sarah, who was the wife of 
Rev. Filing Eilson ; Betsy, who was the wife of O. B. Dahle; Nels H. ; and 
Julia, widow of Thomas Adland. 

Mrs. Nelson's maternal grandfather was Andrew Sanderson, an early 
settler of Dane county. Wis., where he died at an advanced age. He and his 
wife, Agatha, had a large family, seven of whom are now living, as follows : 


Betsy, Mrs. Nelson; Sander, of Dane county, Wis.; Turina, wife of Xels 
eleven, of South Dakota; Caroline, unmarried, of South Dakota; Carl, of 
Perry, Dane county ; Olaus, of South Dakota ; and Adolph, of South Dakota. 

THOMAS WEST, an influential and prosperous agriculturist of Sec- 
tion lo, Raymond township, Racine Co., Wis., is a native of Ontario county, 
Ontario, Canada, born Dec. 29, 1826. His parents, Thomas and Hannah 
Rebecca (Phillips) West, were natives of ^^lassachusetts and Pennsylvania, 

Thomas West, the paternal grandfather, was born in ^Massachusetts, of 
English descent, his father having been the founder of this branch of the 
family in America, whither he was sent as a missionary. He lived not far 
from Montpelier, and was in the dairy and milk business there. He later 
went to Canada, spending the better portion of his life in West Gwillimbury, 
Ontario, Canada, and thence moving to Wisconsin spent the latter part of 
his life in Franklin township, Milwaukee county. He w-as buried in Raymond 
township, Racine county. He and his wife, Mary (Davis) West, had ten 
children: Julian, Deborah, Thomas, Benjamin, Eliza, George, Quincy. Al- 
fred, Derrick and David. 

On the maternal side. Mr. West is the grandson of William Phillips, a 
native of Pennsylvania, of Quaker stock, and a farmer by occupation. He 
and his wife died in Canada. They were the parents of four children. Owen, 
Mary, Hannah Rebecca and Gideon. 

Thomas West, the father of our suliject, was always a farmer. When 
quite a young man he went to Canada, whence he came to Milwaukee, landing 
there Oct. 25, 1848, and at once removed with his family to Raymond town- 
ship, where he purchased 740 acres, to which he later added more. This he 
improved. He died in Iowa when almost eighty years of age, and his wife 
died in February, 1876, aged seventy. Mr. West was a member of the Wis- 
consin State Assembly in the early days. He and his wife were the parents 
of eleven children : Thomas, William and Timothy, deceased ; George, of 
Raymond Center, Wis. ; Gideon and David, deceased ; Owen, of Raymond 
township; Derrick, deceased: Stephen and Benjamin of Raymond township; 
and Rebecca H., who died when twenty years of age. 

Thomas West, whose name introduces this sketch, was reared in Can- 
ada, and there received a common-school education. At the age of twenty- 
two years he came to the United States, and has been a resident of Raymond 
township since 1848. He lived at home until 1850, and then began farming 
for himself on eighty acres of land, to which he added fifty-three acres, 
which he continued to cultivate until 1894, when he sold the eighty acres. 
now conducting operations on the fifty-three acres in Section 10, Raymond 

On June 16, 1850. Mr. West married Aliss Charlotte Ferris, daughter of 
William and Mary (Callahan) Ferris, and children as follows were torn to 
this union : Rebecca, George. Myron, Mary, Eliza, Thomas, Elmer, Char- 
lotte, Myra and Cora. Rebecca married John McAdams, and they live in 
Racine; they have four children. Ethel. Charles, Daisy and Olive Ernestine. 
George and Thomas died in early childhood. Mary married Rev. Ephraim 


Corey, and thev live in Bellaire, Mich. ; they have children — Evangeline, 
Ralph, John, Morris, Dotty and Mabel. Eliza married Sherman Brice, and 
lives on the old home place of her father. Charlotte married Walter G. 
Shumway, of Raymond township, and they have two children. Linus and 
Charlotte. ]Myra married Fred Hermas, of Racine, and they have three chil- 
dren, Elmer Ross, Charlotte Theresa and Cora Almira. Cora marrieil El- 
bert Shumway, of Raymond township. 

Mr. and Mrs. West are Methodists in religious belief, but are not iden- 
tified with any church at present, as there is no church of that faith located 
near their home. Politically he is a Republican, and has served as town treas- 
urer for one term, one or two terms on the board of supervisors, and two- or 
three times as assessor. He held the office of justice of the peace for many 

Mrs. West's parents were natives of Ireland, her father of County An- 
irim, and her mother of County Cavan, and both went to Canada when quite 
voung. and were there married. They located in the United States in 1849, 
settling in Raymond township. Racine county, one-half mile west of Ray- 
mond Centre, and there engaged in farming. Mr. Ferris died in 1898, aged 
over ninety-eight years, and his wife in 1886. when about seventy years old. 
They had a family of eight children : Charlotte. JNIrs. West : George, de- 
ceased; Caroline, wife of Newton Alexander, of Milwaukee; Alfred, of 
northern IMichigan; Anna, deceased, who was first the wife of Matthew Lee, 
and afterward of Benjamin Dory; Elizabeth, widow of Darius Parsons, and 
now living in Delevan, Wis.; William, deceased; and Susan, wife of John 
Hav. of North Cape. Wis. Mr. William Ferris, the father of these chil- 
dren, was a soldier in the rebellion of 1837 in Canada. 

ORLA M. CALKINS, a retired business man of Kenosha, has been a 
resident of the city for more than forty-five years and has witnessed its de- 
velopment from a small village to its present proportions. His own for- 
tunes have grown with those of the city, so that he ranks among its substan- 
tial citizens. He resides at No. 504 Durkee avenue. 

Mr. Calkins is descended on both sides of the house from Connecticut 
stock. His paternal grandfather, Luther Calkins, was a native of that State, 
and was of Welsh lineage. He was a farmer and died in early manhood, 
leaving a wife, Cynthia (Wood) Calkins, who lived to be over eighty, and a 
family of nine children. On the maternal side the grandfather was Peleg 
Davis, who moved from his native State to Washington county. N. Y.. and 
later to Oswego county, where he died when seventy-six years old. His wife. 
Hearty (Crandall) Davis, died while still a voung woman, leaving se\'en chil- 

Stephen W. Calkins, father of Orla M., was born in Connecticut in 1810. 
and spent his earlier life in farming. He moved to Washington county. N. 
Y.. in an early day, and thence to Oswego, where he died in 1852. He con- 
ducted a grocery in that city. He married Miss Eliza Davis, who lived but 
a vear after her husband, passine away when forty-one years old. Both were 
Weslevan Methodists. Their children were five in number, namelv : Luther 
E., of Oswego county, N. Y. ; Orla M. ; Jtiliette V.. deceased wife of A. G. 


Courtney; Ellen A., wife of William Croniack, of Ruuseville, Pa.; and Me- 
dora E.. who married the late William Ball, of Mexico, Oswego Co New 

Orla ]M. Calkins was born in Oswego county, N. Y., July 20, 1836. 
He remained there until i860, receiving his education in the public schools, 
and assisting his father on the farm and in his grocery store. When twenty- 
four years old he came west and settled permanently in Kenosha. For the 
first eight years he continued in the grocery line, as clerk, and then traveled 
for Sprague, Warner & Co., of Chicago, during a period of ten years. In 
1878 he again went into the grocery business in Kenosha, and continued it 
until he retired, in 1891. Mr. Calkins had amassed a large property, and is 
the owner of more than a dozen store buildings in Kenosha. His handsome 
residence, built by United States Senator Charles Durkee, was purchased 
over thirty-five years ago by Mrs. Calkins and has been occupied ever since as 
the familv residence. 

Mr. Calkins was married Feb. 13, 1868, to IMiss Avis Myers, daughter 
of Harmon and Margaret (Mulford) Myers, of Bennington, Vt., but Mrs. 
Calkins lived only eleven months after her marriage. On June i, 1874, Mr. 
Calkins became the husband of Miss Elizabeth M. O'Neill, daughter of 
Charles and Mary Elizabeth (Douglas) O'Neill. One son was born to this 
union, but died in infancy. Mr. and Mrs. Calkins are both members of St. 
Matthew's Episcopal Church, of Kenosha, where he was confirmed thirty- 
five years ago, and his wife fifteen years earlier, although Bishop Kemper 
ofticiated at the rite in both cases. Mr. Calkins is now senior warden of the 
church. Over forty years ago he became a Mason, and belongs to Kenosha 
Lodge, No. 47, F. & A. M. He is also a member of Kenosha Chapter, No. 
3, R. A. M. Politically he has been a Republican from the day when he cast 
his first vote for Abraham Lincoln, and he has been an active worker in the 
party ranks. For one term he was alderman from the Second ward, and 
served as w-ater commissioner for six years. Mr. Calkins commands the re- 
spect of the entire community, and represents the best type of an American 

DAVID LAWTON, a dealer in flour, feed, seeds and building material, 
vi^hose place of business is located at No. 219 Fifth street, Racine. Wis., is one 
of the prominent and enterprising mercliants of that city. His birth occurred 
in Leigh. Lancashire, England, Nov. 26, 18^;. and his parents. John and 
Margaret (Allen) Lawton, were also natives of England. Joseph Lawton, the 
p-randfather. was a farmer in England, where he died aged about eighty-one 
years. He married Margaret Lawton, and thev reared a large familv. 

John Lawton followed farming in his native country, and coming to the 
United States in 1842 located at Sylvania, nine miles from Racine, in Racine 
county, \\'is., on land purchased from the .sovernment. on which he lived manv 
vears. For a few years prior to his death he resided in Racine, where he died 
in 1890, aged eighty-one years. His wife had passed away two years prior, 
aged seventy-seven vears. Both were Episcopalians. Mr. Lawton held sev- 
eral offices of trust in his native country, and filled a number of township of- 
fices in Racine county. He and his wife had eleven children, of whom are 

"cK/z^C^ '^<C^:Z^Jrti;^ 


still living: Joseph, of Grand Crossing, Chicago; David, of Racine; f. Allen, 
of San Diego, Cal. ; Thomas J., of Rockford, 111. ; Albert S., of Pittsburg, Pa., 
and Louisa A., of Racine. 

David Lawton was seven years old when brought to Wisconsin by his 
parents, and he grew to manhood on the farm and obtained his education in the 
common schools. This bare statement of facts, however, conveys little idea of 
the peculiar conditions which prevailed in this region during his boyhood, or 
of the disadvantages under which the residents of Wisconsin worked in those 
days. When he came here with his parents Wisconsin was a Territory, only 
recently surveyed, and the country was absolutely new so far as civilizing in- 
fluences were concerned. The Indians left the country about a year after the 
Lawtons arrived. The land for the most part still belonged to the Government 
subject to entry at $1.25 an acre, and was in its primitive condition. Prairie 
fires ran over the country at frec^uent intervals, threatening to undo the work 
the settlers had accomplished by such toijsome means. Horses were almost 
unknown, oxen being used for teaming and farm work, and it was no un- 
usual experience to be obliged to drive twenty-five miles to. mill with an ox- 
team, and watch a windmill for days, counting the hours the sails revolved. 
When, owing to bad weather or impassable roads, a trip to mill had to be 
postponed, the corn was ground in a coffee-mill. Money was scarce, in fact 
almost unobtainable, business being done principally by trading. The posses- 
sion of more than one suit of clothes was out of the question. $12.50 a month 
for farm hands was considered high wages, and fifty cents was a very good 
day's pay for labor. Few people of the present day realize the hardships that 
were endured as a part of the every-day life of the early settlers, and there 
are few still living who have themselves experienced those hardships as Mr. 
Lawton has, and who like him have watched the progress of this region from 
the occupancy of the Indians through the wonderful period of transformation 
which has brought about present conditions. 

On reaching manhood Mr. Lawton engaged in farming on his own ac- 
count in the neighborhood in which he was reared, and was also quite active 
in public affairs, serving as treasurer and justice of the peace in his township. 
He came to Racine in April, 1865. since which time he has made his home here. 
He first engaged in a provision business and then bought out a flour and feed 
establishment, later adding implements to his stock, and building material. Mr. 
Lawton has remained in that business continuously to the present time, with 
the exception of two or three years. For twelve years he also carried on the 
manufacture of agricultural implements, organizing and establishing the Belle 
City Manufacturing Company. He erected and owns the building in which 
he is now situated. 

Mr. Lawton was married, Nov. 13. 1856, to Miss Deborah Yates, of 
England, daughter of James and Elizabeth (Conway) Yates, and to this union 
were born three children, Kate L.. Mary E. and Fanny L. Kate L. married 
A. M. Forrester, and they live in Washington, D. C. They have two children. 
Abraham C. and David L. Mary E. married James E. Keelyn. and they live 
at Evanston, 111. ; they have one' child, James L. Fanny L. married F. L. 
Botsford, who died in December, 1903. 

Mr. and Mrs. Lawton are members of the Episcopal Church, in which he 

238 co:\ime:^iorati\'e BiOGRArnicAL record. 

was \estryman and treasurer for many years, and was also church clerk; he 
was a delegate to the State Council many times. Fraternally he belongs to the 
Odd Fellows, the Royal Arcanum, the Knights of Honor, the Elks, St. 
George's Society, and the Episcopal Men's Club. Since coming to Racine he 
base served as a member of the school board for eight years and a member of 
the committee on schools in the council for four years. Mr. Lawton lives at 
No. 1 136 Main street, where he purchased the residence in 1873. 

GEORGE W. ROWNTREE, one of the prominent and esteemed cit- 
izens of Dover township, Racine Co., Wis., who resides on his farm in Section 
7, was born in that township Jan. 15, 1852, one of the two sons of Christopher 
and Jane (Sollitt) Rowntree, both natives of Yorkshire, England. James C, 
the other son, lives in Rochester township, Racine county. 

Christopher Rowntree was a farmer all his life. In 1848 he came to 
America, and landed in New York on July 4th, but did not remain there to 
assist in the demonstration of national independence, coming directly to the 
West. Traveling by way of the Erie canal and the Great Lakes, he reached 
]\lilwaukee. and, with his father, traveled over much of Wisconsin in order 
to find land on which they could feel satisfied to make a permanent home. 
Finally in August, of that year, they selected Dover township, and in the 
following year he bought a farm of eighty acres. This he improved, and he 
continued to add to it until he had 520 acres. He reared his children here, 
and he died in this home on Aug. 28, 1898, at the age of eighty-one years. 
His widow still survives, at the age of eighty-five years, making her home 
with her children. j\lr. Rowntree was a member of the Episcopal Church — 
the church of his fathers — to which his widow belongs. Christopher Rown- 
tree was an important man in his locality, and he held various town oiTlces, 
being a supervisor for years and holding other positions of responsibility. 
With P. G. Cheves he organized the first township insurance company in 
Dover and Norway townships. 

The paternal grandfather of our suljject. also named Christopher Rown- 
tree, was born in Yorkshire. England, and came to America in 1848 with 
his wife and eleven children. These were : Christopher, William, John, 
Charles. Cecilia, Alice Jane (wife of Henry Peacock), Sarah. Elizabeth, 
Annie, Susan and Jessie. He died in Dover township within two months 
after landing at New York, at the age of sixty-two years, the long travel 
over the State with his son in the endeavor to select a desirable location for a 
home, probably exhausting his vital powers. His widow, Susan (Ramshaw) 
Rowntree, survived him until 1855, dying aged sixty-five years. His father 
was also named Christopher Rowntree. 

On the maternal side the grandfather of Mr. Rowntree was James Sol- 
litt, who was born in Yorkshire. England, where he died aged forty-eight 
years. ' He was a marble cutter and a builder. His wife survived him for 
ten years, and also died in England. His sons who came to this country 
were : John. James, \\"illiam and Thomas, and the daughters were : Jane 
and Annie. Of the sons, John Sollitt, was a noted architect and builder, and 
he constructed many of the large business houses in early Chicago. Thomas 
Sollitt was a large builder and contractor of that city, until his retirement a 


few years ago. He was the builder of both the old and the new "Palmer 
House," and was chief builder for Potter Palmer as long as he was in busi- 
ness. His three sons succeeded him. 

We are permitted to make use of a few items from a sketch of John 
SoUitt which was written by himself, and they are interesting as pertaining 
to the family and to the upbuilding of one of the great cities of the country. 
They read as follows : 

"I was born Nov. 19, 1813, of Huguenot ancestry, in Stillington, ten 
miles from York, Yorkshire, England. In my youth I was sent to live with 
my grandfather, John Cass, who was a carpenter and taught me his trade. 
I sailed for America in May, 1834." 

Mr. Sollitt settled for a year in Haniiltnn, Canada, and in 1838 went to 
Chicago, where he afterward became a partner with Ezra Peck and Peter 
L. Updike, the firm becoming the principal builders in Chicago. He goes 
on to say : 

"One of our jobs was the woodwork on the old 'Tremont Hotel.' Peck 
died in 1846 and Updike in 1849. I was left alone. I made lots of money 
as a contractor, one of the buildings I erected being the old courthouse with- 
out wings. I then retired and lived on a farm in Will county. When the 
Eastern Illinois was built through there I paid the company $1,000 to locate 
the depot. They named it Sollitt and there is quite a village there now. 
In iSsi the county and city decided to build a new courthouse. The plans 
were drawn by John M. Van Osdel, Peter Page had the contract for the 
masonry, and I had all the other contracts. The amount of my contracts was 
$33,000, and the plans were so well made that my extras did not exceed fifty 

"This building was finishetl in 1854, was sulisequently enlarged by the 
addition of wings, and was destroyed in the great fire of 1871." John Sollitt 
died in 1895, aged eighty-one years. William Sollitt, a brother of John, was 
also a contractor, and was interested in the construction of the 'Tremont 
House,' and the courthouse. He was the first builder to introduce hardwood 
finish in Chicago. He died in March. 1900, at his residence. No. 1257 Wash- 
ington boulevard, Chicago, at the age of seventy-six years. He had followed 
the building business for nearly twenty-five years. For four generations his 
ancestors had been connected with the building trade, his father having been 
a master mechanic on the reconstruction of the York Cathedral, as well as 
having had charge of the workmen who repaired historic Westminster. 

George W. Rowntree, the immediate subject of this sketch, has lived all 
his days on the farm on which his father settled in Dover township and which 
he now owns. He secured 240 acres of the original farm and has since 
bought 100 acres, and all of this large body of land is well impro\ed. He 
recentlv erected a new home, with all modern improvements. 

Mr. Rowntree was educated in the district schools and Rochester Semi- 
narv. He is a man of prominence in his neighborhood, one whose influence 
is felt in all important movements as a friend to education and progress. He 
is nresident of the Burlington. Rochester & Kansasville Telephone Company. 
^''hich now also takes in Honev Creek. Waterford. Beaumont, Vienna and 
Dover, and the line is still extendinsr. He is also a director of the Dover and 


Norway Farmers' Mutual Eire Insurance Company, and is interested in al- 
most e\erything m the neighbornoou ox a puonc-spinteu cnaracter. 

Air. Kowntree was married June 12, 1878, 10 Miss Clara L. Leadley, 
daughter of James and Annie (^SoUitt) i^eauiey, ot Chicago. To this union 
there are tour children, viz. : Charles Christopher, who married Mae Pat- 
rick, and resides on the old homestead; Edward EeaiUey; George William, 
Jr. ; and Jennie Irene. 

Air. Rowntree's parents were natives of Yorkshire, England. They came 
to America on their wedding trip m 1849, and located in Chicago, where Mr. 
Leadley engaged in carpenter work ana building for many years and now 
lives retired, uividing his time among his children. He was born in April, 
1826. The mother of Mrs. Rowntree died Aug. 28, 1897, aged sixty-nine 
years. She was a devoted member of the Second Baptist Church in Chicago. 
They had six daughters and one son : Mary, wife of P. J. Cooley, of Chi- 
cago ; Annie, wife of Thomas S. Wallin, of Chicago ; Emma, wife of J. B. 
Edwards, of Phoenix, Ariz.; Clara L., wife of George W. Rowntree; Ed- 
ward J., of Chicago ; Laura, widow of Frank Brown, of Irving Park, Chicago, 
and Grace, deceased, formerly wife of Gilbert Balleck, of Dover township. 

George Leadley, the paternal grandfather of Mrs. Rowntree, died in 
Yorkshire, England, aged fifty-eight years. Her maternal grandfather was 
also Mr. Rowntree's grandfather, James SoUitt. 

In politics Mr. Rowntree is a Republican, and he ser\'ed as town chair- 
man one term and was school clerk for nine years, a position his father held 
for thirty-three years. Mrs. Rowntree is a member of the Congregational 
Church, which he also attends. He is a member of Temple Lodge, No. 96, 
A. F. & A. M., of Waterford. 

WILLIAM AUGUSTUS CRANE, who after a life devoted to farming 
is now living in a comfortable home at No. 1654 College avenue, Racine, is 
a public-spirited and patriotic citizen, who has proved his worth in right living 
in private life, in honorable business dealings, in the conscientious performance 
of duty in public ofifice, and in loyal service as a soldier in the nation's hour 
of need. Mr. Crane was born in Mt. Pleasant township, Racine county, Sept. 
II, 1844, son of Augustus Bainbridge and Lovina (Baldwin) Crane. 

The Crane family was planted in America in the seventeenth century, the 
emigrant ancestor settling in New Jersey, where the grandfather of William 
A. Crane was born. He was a merchant in New York City, and died from an 
accident in his young manhood. His wife, whose maiden name was Joy, 
preceded him to the "unknown and silent shore." The only child of this mar- 
riage was Augustus Bainbridge. 

Augustus Bainbridge Crane was born in the State of New York, and 
left the East in 1839 to find a home and fortune in the West. Coming to Wis- 
consin he settled in Racine, where his first employment was as a clerk in a 
store just across the street from where now stands the city hall. After several 
years, by strict economy, he was enabled to buy a farm of 160 acres in Mt. 
Pleasant township, and there he still resides. He afterwards sold ofif eighty 
acres of land. Ever since his location here he has taken a keen interest in 
public affairs, always looking to the best interests of his town and countv. He 

W.ji^ -^^t-^^^^ 


has served acceptably as town assessor and as a member of the board of super- 
visors for several terms. He married Lovina Baldwin, who was born in New 
York State, and whose father, a carpenter, came to Racine county in the spring 
of 1840, settling at "The Rapids" in Mt. Pleasant township, where he followed 
his trade, and where he died soon after, as did also his wife. Of their large 
family Mrs. Crane is the only survivor. To Mr. and Mrs. Crane have been 
born four children, three sons and one daughter, namely : William Augustus, 
of Racine; James Henry, of Mt. Pleasant township; Miss Sarah Lovina, on 
the old homestead; and George Stephen, who was drowned when eight years 
of age. 

William Augustus Crane was reared in Mt. Pleasant township, which was 
his home for fifty-one years. His early training was along agricultural lines, 
and in his manhood he continued to follow farming. His education was ac- 
quired in the district and select schools, but he remained at home assisting in 
the work of the homestead until he was married, when he rented his father's 
farm, continuing to reside there for seven years longer. His father-in-law 
then gave his daughter forty acres, and Mr. Crane and his wife moved thereon, 
improving it, and in time adding to it, making their home there until 1896. 
By subsequent purchases they had in all 120 acres, but a part of this has been 
sold, and they now have eighty acres of well cultivated and highly productive 
land, all well improved with good buildings. For the past four and one-half 
years they have made their home in Racine, in 1902 building their present 
modern home on College avenue. 

Mr. Crane's work as a farmer was interrupted only by his enlistment for 
service in the Civil war. On Feb. 10, 1865, he became a member of Company 
G, 43d Wis. V. L. and served until the close of the war, when he was honor- 
ably discharged. He has been actively interested in public affairs, and is thor- 
oughly posted on the events of the day. In politics he is a stanch advocate of 
the principles of the Republican party, and has been supervisor and town treas- 
urer. Fraternally he belongs to Governor Harvey Post, No. 17, G. A. R., in 
which he has held the ofifices of junior vice-commander and commander, filling 
the latter office in 1904. In his reHgious faith he is a Baptist, as is also his 
wife, and both take an active part in the various good works of that denomi- 

On Nov. II. 1867, Mr. Crane was united in marriage with Miss Laura 
Theressa Lathrop, who was born in Mt. Pleasant township. Sept. 28, 1845, 
daughter of Austin Harmon and Louisa (King) Lathrop. Six children have 
blessed this union, three sons and three daughters, as follows: Louise Lovina, 
who married Mark Wadsworth, of Racine; George Austin, salesman for the 
Knox Automobile in Chicago; Geneve and Charles Augustus, both at home; 
Herbert Wilbur, of Chicago, who first married Mildred Ellerson (now de- 
ceased) and had two children, twins, William Vernon and James Victor 
(when these twins were born they had three great-grandfathers, two great- 
grandmothers, two grandfathers and one grandmother)-, and he married 
(second) Sept. 28, 1905. Josephine Wolf; and Lucy Lucinda. who died Mav 
3, 1893, aged nine years and six months. 

Hubbell Lathrop. grandfather of Mrs. Crane, was a native of Vermont, 
where he was engaged in farming. He died at the age of fifty-nine years, and 


his wife, Laura, died aged fifty-six years. They had two daugiiters and five 

Austin Harmon Lathrop, father of Mrs. Crane, was born in V^ermont in 
1809. and his wife, Louisa King, was born in Canada in 1815. They came to 
Wisconsin in 1841 and settled in Mt. Pleasant township, where they became 
very prosperous, becoming in time the owners of several farms. He died in 
September, 1901, aged ninety-two years, and his wife in 1891, aged seventy- 
six years. They were the parents of six children, four sons and two daugh- 
ters : Lucas Bradley, of Racine ; William Rufus, who died while a soldier in 
the Union army, at the time of the battle of the Wilderness ; Louisa, who died 
at the age of twenty-one years; Austin H., Jr., of Vermilion, S. Dak.; Laura 
Theressa, wife of William x\ugustus Crane, of Racine; and Edmund K., of 
Denver, Colo. Mrs. Louisa (King) Lathrop was a daughter of Edmund 
King, who died at a comparatively early age. as did also his wife, Lucy. They 
had three daughters and four sons. 

The three sons of Mr. and Mrs. William A. Crane have never used 
tobacco or liquor in any form, and their temperance principles may have been 
inherited as well as instilled by precept, for the father of Mrs. Crane denied 
himself these so-called luxuries through life, and her husband has strictly 
avoided their use, except for medicial purposes. Besides leaving to posterity 
this heritage of temperance, Mr. and Mrs. Crane are also striking examples 
as a well-preserved, active couple, whose lives of industry and progress have 
kept them young in thought and capable of sympathizing with the rising gen- 
erations, and assisting them from the fund of their experience and information. 

HALVOR K. JOHNSON, one of the well-to-do farmer citizens of Sec- 
tion I, Waterford township, Racine Co., Wis., is a native of Norway, born 
March 17, 1840, son of Knut and Betsy (Halverson) Johnson. His grand- 
father died in Norway, when well advanced in years. He followed farming as 
an occupation. He and his wife. Ann. had a good-sized family. 

Knut Johnson, father of Halvor K., followed farming in his native 
country, and also carried on shoemaking. He came to America in 1842, 
and settled in Norway township, Racine Co., ^^'is.. on a small farm, a few 
years later removing to Waterford township and purchasing thirty-three 
acres, to which he added from time to time until he owned 100 acres. He 
died in Waterford township when past his eightieth year, his wife, who sur- 
vived him for a short time, also living to be more than eighty years of age. 
His father was also a native of Norway, where he passed awav; he was a 
farmer. Mv. and Mrs. Knut Johnson were Lutherans. They had a family 
of eight children, five of whom are now living: John K., of Alfa, Minn.; 
Halvor K. ; Ole, of near Seattle, Wash. ; Anna, the wife of August Garnetz, 
of Waterford; and Charles K., of Norway township. 

Halvor K. Johnson was not quite two years of age when brought to 
this ctmntry by his parents. He grew to manhood on the farm in \\'aterford 
township, and attended the district school, living at home until he reached his 
majoritv. when he purchased the old homestead. He now owns about 140 
acres, finely improved, most of which work Mr. Johnson has done himself. 
In 1870 he married Miss Cornelia Peterson, daughter of Nels and Lieve 


Peterson, and six children were born to this union: John, who died when 
about thirty years of age, married Maggie Gunderson, and had one daugliter, 
Hazel ; Louise, who married Charles Noll, of Waterford, had two children, 
Alfred and Cora; Anna, who married Herbert Waltzien, of Waterford town- 
ship, has one son, Roy; Betsy, living at home, keeps house for her father; 
Hilda married Albert Malchime, and they live in Norway township, and have 
one son, John Albert; Alfred is attending school. Mrs. Cornelia Johnson 
died in 1891, aged forty-one years, in the faith of the Lutheran Church, to 
which her husband also belongs. 

Halvor K. Johnson is politically a Republican, and was a member of 
the town board for several terms, also serving as school director for several 

OSRO S. NORTHRUP, a highly esteemed citizen of Union Grove, 
has been a resident of Racine county since 1846, and has worthily done his 
part in the development of the country from its wild state in the pioneer days 
to its present condition of prosperity, with its flourishing towns and well- 
cultivated fields. His native State was New York, where he was born Oct. 
31, 1834, to Amzy and Ann Barbara (Tinkham) Northrup. 

Stephen Northrup, grandfather of Osro S., was born in April, 1758, in 
Massachusetts, and was a tailor by trade. He moved to New York State 
and settled in Madison county, where he died Sept. 24, 1841, when over 
eighty years of age. He was in the war of 181 2. He married Rodah North- 
rup, who lived to old age, dying Aug. 23, 1842. They had five sons and five 
daughters. The maternal grandfather, Elias Tinkham, was a native of New 
York State, and a farmer. He was twice married, his first wife being the 
grandmother of Mr. Northrup. There were four children of the first union, 
while by the second marriage there were three. 

Amzy Northrup was born in Nassau. N. Y.. Jan. 15. 1796, but was reared 
in Chenango county. He was a carpenter and joiner by trade, and also owned 
a farm and worked on it a part of the time. He married Miss Ann Barbara 
Tinkham, wdio was born in Chenango county, N. Y., Feb. 4, 1804, and they 
became the parents of four children. The eldest was Polly M., who became 
the wife of Barzilla Cadwell, a retired farmer of Crystal Lake, 111. ; she died 
Dec. 7, 1 89 1. Nathan, a farmer, died at the age of forty-five years and was 
buried in Union Grove cemetery. Harvey W., who was a farmer and after- 
ward followed the carpenter's trade, enlisted in September, 1862, in the Civil 
war. as a member of Company A. 22d Wis. V. I., and died of disease con- 
tracted in the service, April i, 1863. Osro S. is the only one of his father's 
children now living. 

On June i, 1846, Amzy Northrup. accompanied by his family, started for 
the far West to try his fortune on its broad prairies. Traveling by way of 
the Erie canal and the Great Lakes, on the steamer "Oregon," they at length 
reached Racine, and the father, who owned a team and wagon, at once drove 
on to his daughter's home in Yorkville township, a shanty 12x16, in which ten 
persons found accommodations till Mr. Northrup could provide a home. He 
purchased eighty acres of prairie and timber land, a mile east of the present 


site of Union Grove, and soon built a house thereon, 16x24 feet. The coun- 
try around was all wild and unimproved, wolves were often seen in the neigh- 
borhood, and frequently Indians visited the settlement. The old Indian trail 
from Chicago to Milwaukee crossed the farm right under one corner of the 
house. Mr. Northrup lived there until within five or six years of his death, 
when he came into the village of Union Grove and made his home with his 
son, Osro S. He died Aug. 11, 1886, aged ninety years, six months and 
twenty-seven days. His wife died in 1862, aged about fifty-six years. They 
were originally Presbyterians but after coming to Wisconsin joined the Con- 
gregational Church, in which both were active workers. At his death Amzy 
Northrup left behind him the memory of an upright life, and a record of 
duty faithfully performed. 

Osro S. Northrup, the subject proper of this sketch, was eleven years old 
when he came to Racine county with his parents. He grew to manhood on 
his father's farm east of Union Grove, and he now owns the old homestead. 
He bought a little land adjoining it, so that now he has 139 acres. After liv- 
ing there until 1883 he rented the farm out, moved to the village of Union 
Grove, and built a fine home, with grounds covering five acres. He is one of 
the well-to-do men of the place. Always interested in questions of the public 
Aveal, Mr. Northrup has done his part as a citizen and served his towm in va- 
rious capacities. During his residence on the farm he was a member of the 
board of supervisors for the township for nine or ten years, and in 1903 
and 1904 was chosen assessor of Union Grove. He always casts his vote 
for the Republican ticket. Both he and his wife are members of the Con- 
gregational Church. 

Mr. Northrup has been twice married. His first union took place in 1857 
when he married Miss Harriet Gnldsworthy, who was born in 1832, the 
daughter of Richard and Jone ( Bennett ) Goldsworthy. There were two 
children born to that union : Anna Luella, Mrs. Elmer Barrows, who lives 
on the old home farm and has five children living, Herbert, Osro, Harvey. 
Harriet and Albert ; and Emma, who died aged six months. Mrs. Harriet 
Northrup died in 1882, and on Sept. 10, 1884, Mr. Northrup married Mrs. 
Susannah A. Adams, daughter of Joel and Love Prudence (Mellor) Adams, 
and widow of Ransom Adams, of Delaware county, Ohio. 

Mrs. Susannah A. (Adams) Northrup is descended in the paternal line 
from Revolutionary stock and comes from the same family to which the two 
presidents of that name belonged. The great-grandfather, Joel Adams, was 
a soldier in the war of Independence. His son Joel, born in New York State. 
served during the war of 181 2. Three times married, he had four children 
by the first wife, none by the second, and ten by the third, who was Miss 
Lovica Tupper. and came of an aristocratic family. She was the grand- 
mother of Mrs. Northrup. During the last thirty-five years of her life Mrs. 
Lovica Adams was Ijlind. 

Joel Adams (3) was a native of White Hall, N. Y.. born Oct. 18, 1803, 
and when a boy moved to Ohio with his parents. There he grew to man- 
hood, and became a carpenter and later a farmer, owning a place twenty 
miles from Marietta, in ^Vashingto^ county, which he bought before his mar- 
riage and which continued to be his home till he died. His demise occurred 


in November, 1866, at the age of sixty-three j-ears. ;\Ir. Adams married 
June 17, it'34, Miss i-ove Rrudence Aiellur, who was born April 25, 1816, 
and diea i'^ug. 2, 1848. They had two sons and three daughters, of whom two 
are now hving, Mrs. Susannah A. Northup and Demas Adams. The latter 
now hves at West Saginaw, IMich. He was a soldier in the Civil war for lour 
years, entering as a private and coming out a second lieutenant. He was m 
Libby Prison three days, and in Andersonville a number of months. 

The maternal grandfather of Mrs. Susannah A. Northrup was Samuel 
Mellor, who was born in England, Sept. 14, 1778. He came to America and 
settled on a farm in Waterford township, Washington Co., Ohio, where he mar- 
ried Miss Nancy Jordan, born April 6, 1790. She died Jan. 30, 1861, in 
Warren township, Washington Co., Ohio, and was buried in Waterford town- 
ship. Her husband had passed away eleven years earlier, Sept. 14, 1850. They 
had two sons and five daughters. 

Mrs. Northrup, being a woman of great energy and determination, re- 
solved after the death of her first husband. Ransom Adams, to fit herself for 
business life, that she might earn her own support. In 1868 she graduated 
from a commercial college and has since filled positions of trust in St. Louis, 
Chicago and Kansas City. In the two former places she was assistant corres- 
pondent in a large business establishment. In 1868 she entered Oberlin Col- 
lege, where she remained for two years, and in 1870 went to Lexington, Ky., 
to accept a position as teacher in the American Missionary Association Nor- 
mal School, for two years. Without children of her own she took to her 
home and heart her sister's little daughter, Susie Blanche Tucker, when she 
was only eighteen months old, and reared her to womanhood. Nobly and 
faithfully has she discharged the duty of a parent, and the niece rewarded her 
efforts by becoming all that could be desired. At the age of thirteen years 
she was graduated from the common schools, receiving her diploma, and at 
the age of sixteen secured a teacher's certificate. She has received instruc- 
tions in both instrumental and vocal music and is quite proficient in both. She 
is now the wife of Howard C. Lawton. A sister of Mrs. Lavvton for some 
years also found a home with her aunt. 

Osro S. Northrup has been a resident of Racine county since 1845, and 
is one of the representative men of the ciiunty. By reason of their long resi- 
dence, both he and his estimable wife are well known throughout the county. 
They are among the highly esteemed citizens of the village of Lhiion Grove, 
where for so many years they have been known and loved for their good 
works. They are cultured in their tastes and have a good home library. One 
of their most cherished books is a large family Bible, which formerly belonged 
to Mr. Northup's paternal grandfather, purchased by the latter for seventeen 
bushels of wheat. It was probably printed in the sixteenth century. 

HON. WILLIA:\I MEAD0\\'S. secretary-treasurer and manager of 
the Burlington Brick & Tile Company. Burlington, Wis., is one of that city's 
most prominent residents, and is largely identified with its business and social 
interests. He was born in Bolton. Lancashire, England. Julv 6. 183,^, son of 
George and Elizabeth (Greenwood) Meadows, both aho natives of England. 
The grandparents on both the paternal and maternal sides died in England, of 


which counlrv they were natives. Both uf the grandfathers were cotton man- 
ufacturers, an occupation which was also followed by the father of our sub- 
ject in his native country. 

George Meadows came to America in 1841, first locating at Oaksville, 
Otsego Co., N. Y., from which place he removed to Burlington, N. Y., in the 
same county, and later to Rome, New York. In 1850 he came West and set- 
tled one mile east of Burlington, Wis., engaging in farming. He had a farm 
of 120 acres, which he sold to the railroad company in 1855, in order to pur- 
chase a farm two and one-half miles west of Burlington in the town of Lyons, 
Wahvorth county, comprising 285 acres. Until six or eight years prior to his 
death Mr. Meadows continued on this farm, and then located in Burlington, 
where the remainder of his life was spent. He died in 1885, aged eighty years, 
while his wife survived him two years, being eighty-two years old at the time 
of her death. Both were Methodists in religious faith. They had these chil- 
dren : Sarah. Airs. Thomas Bastoe, of Pittsfield, Mass. ; Ellen, the wife of 
Joseph W'impenney, of Burlington; Ann, the wife of Charles Norton, who 
lives in Albert Lea, Minn.; Mary, wife of F. H. Nims, of Burlington; Will- 
iam, of Burlington; Elizabeth, the wife of H. I. Hawks, of Burlington; John, 
of Lyons township, Walworth county ; and George, of Burlington. 

William Meadows was in his ninth year when he came to America with 
his parents, and he received his early schooling in England and New York 
State. He was reared on the farm, and lived at home until grown, attending 
a private seminary, kept by Dr. Lewis in Burlington. LTntil 1901 Mr. 
Meadows engaged in farming, owning 133 acres in Lyons township. In 1865 
he commenced buying wool, and has kept up that occupation continuously to 
the present time. While living in Lyons tow-nship he bought more wool than 
any other one person has done before or afterw-ard, often taking in 40,000 to 
50,000 pounds in a single day. In 1878 he bought an interest in the Bur- 
lington Brick & Tile Co., and became secretary-treasurer and manager of the 
company, offices which he still holds. The largest output of this company is 
farm and drain tile, and it is the largest in this line in the Northwest, it being 
not uticommon to ship from 150 to 200 cars in a season, beside furnishing the 
home trade. The company also manufactures about 1,000,000 brick per 

On Dec. 26, 1839, Mr. Meadows married Miss Ann Armstrong, daugh- 
ter of John and Jane (Ash) Armstrong, and to this union were born three 
children : George C, a banker of Ipswich, Edmund Co., S. Dak., married 
Miss Meda Luck, of Janesville. Wis., and they have three children, Ada, Earl 
and Beth. William J. lives in Elgin, 111., and is in the Milkine Food btisiness. 
He married Miss Lily Openshaw, and they have three children, Robert, How- 
ard and Alice. Elizabeth J. married R. F. Hetherington, and has one son, 
Lester M. 

Mr. Meadows is not identified with any particular church, but attends 
with his wife, who has been a member of the Methodist faith since her six- 
teenth vear. She has three older sisters, residents of Milwaukee, who have 
been members of that church as long as she has. She is no\^' over seventy 
years old. Fraternallv Mr. Meadows is connected with Burlington Lodge. 
No. 28. F. & A. M. ; Geneva Chapter, R. A. M. ; Racine Commandery ; and 


the Valley of Milwaukee Consistory ; and is a 32nd degree, Scottish Rite 
Mason. Politically he is a Republican, and cast his first vote for John C. Fre- 
mont, and has voted for every Repullican Presidential candidate since then. 
He was treasurer of the school board of the tow-n of Lyons for a number of 
years, and chairman of the town for four years ; a member of the Wisconsin 
State Assembly in 1881 ; was elected alternate delegate to the National Con- 
vention that nominated James G. Blaine for President, and has been delegate 
to county, Congressional and State conventions. His last office was that of 
alderman of the Second ward in Burlington, organizing the city government. 
Since that time he has refused all offers of public preferment. 

While in Walworth county Mr. Meadows was an earnest and active 
worker in the County Agricultural Society, in which he filled every office. He 
is a man of wide interests and sympathies, benevolent and charitable in the 
extreme, and liberal in all such causes, and his kindness of heart is well known 
in individual cases, for he never turns away a worthy person in need. His 
wife is equally well-know'n for her charities and generosity. She has always 
been an untiring and efficient church worker and though her age now prevents 
her from doing as much as in previous years her advice is frequently sought 
and always valued. 

WILLIAM C. HOOD, a prominent business man and highly esteemed 
citizen (>t Racine, Wis., is superintendent of the Thomas Kane & Co. works 
at that place. Mr. Hood's birth occurred April 21, i860, and he is a son of 
Samuel and Alice (Coy) Hood, natives of England. 

Thomas Hood, the grandfather of our subject, was a native of Penn- 
sylvania, and was a carpenter by trade. He came to Wisconsin, and spent 
the remainder of his life on a farm in Caledonia township, dying in his eighty- 
ninth year, while his wife attained the age of ninety-one years. One of their 
sons, Walter, lost his life in the Civil war. 

In his young manhood Samuel Hood followed farming. He came to 
Racine county in the early thirties, and was reared to manhood in Caledonia 
township. Disposing of his farm interests and locating in Racine, he en- 
gaged in the lumber business and during the Civil war was in the employ of 
the Government at Nashville. After the war he engaged in the manufac- 
ture of fanning mills up to 1886, since which time he has lived retired. In re- 
ligious faith he is a Baptist, while his wife is a member of the Methodist 
Church. For many years Mr. Hood was a school commissioner. He and 
his wife had thirteen children, eight of whom are still living: Hattie, the 
wife of Melvin Secor of Caledonia township; Ida, widow of Samuel Clark of 
Milwaukee: William C. ; Walter. John, Miss Sadie. Miss Edna and Miss Bes- 
sie, all of Racine. 

William C. Hood has spent his entire life in Racine. His education was 
obtained in the public and high schools, and he began his business life as a 
clerk for Mr. A. Fixen, after having taught school for one winter term. Two 
years later he entered the employ of the Racine Hardware Mfg. Company, 
which is now known as the Thomas Kane Company, with which concern he ' 
has been identified ever since. In 1894 he was made superintendent, a posi- 
tion he still retains. The company employs about 250 persons, and manufac- 


tures school furniture, opera chairs, raih-oatl settees and ni: y niiscehaneous 
articles. Mr. Hood is also prominent]}' identihetl with the '^He Citv Skirt 

On Aug. I, 1891, ]\Ir. Hood married 2\Iiss Cora G. Gallie, _ daughter of 
John and Martha (Tinker) Galliene, and to this union have b ^n born four 
children : Stanley William, James Coy, Vincent and Martha \Hce. Mr. 
Hood is a member of the Baptist Church, while his wife is an Ejscopalian. 
Politically he is a Republican. Mr. Hood and his family reside at\o. 1708 
College Ave., where he owns one of the finest homes in Racine and ...-"les 
this property has other real estate interests in Racine. 

W. C. Hood was one of the organizers of the Racine Light Guards, 
which was mustered into the State service May 4, 1881, and was known as 
Co. F, Wis. X. G. He served as private and sergeant to July 19, 1883, when 
he was elected Second Lieutenant. On Jan. 7, 1884, he was appointed First 
Lieutenant, serving as such until Dec. 27, 1887, when he was commissionerl 
Captain. Owing to the increase of business cares he was compelled to resign 
in the suiunier of 1889. 

J\L\THLA.S WERVE has for over a quarter of a century been superin- 
tendent of the immense tannery of the N. R. Allen's Sons Companv. of Keno- 
sha, Wis., in which city he has resided for fifty-two years — a period covering 
all but the first stages of its development. His birth occurred near Trier. Ger- 
many, Dec. 4, 1844, and his parents, Servatious and Catherine (Bauer) \\'erve, 
were also natives of that country, where the grandparents passed all their days. 

Servatious Werve was born in 1784, and served in Napoleon Bonaparte's 
army. He married twice, and of the six children by the first wife two are now 
living, viz.: Joseph, of Kenosha; and Catherine, of Germany. Mathias was 
one of the five children by the second wife, whose maiden name was Catherine 
Bauer, and who was one of a small family born to John and Margaretta Bauer ; 
he died aged sixty, while Mrs. Bauer reached the remarkable age of 105 years. 
The five children of Servatious and Catherine (Bauer) Werve were as fol- 
lows: Mathias: Theodore, of Somers township, Kenosha Co., \\"is. : Peter, 
of Mansfield, Ohio ; John, who died aged thirty-two years : and Eva. who died 
when twenty-two months old. Servatious Werve was a millwright in Ger- 
many, but after coming to America, in 1852, he settled in Kenosha and gave 
his attention to carpenter work. He died in '1857, aged seventy-three years, 
and his wife lived until 1889, dying at the age of seventy-five. Both were 

Mathias Werve was eight years old wlien he came with his parents tn Ke- 
nosha, and has made his home there ever since. He was sent to the public 
schools for a while, but while still a small boy he was obliged to leave school 
and go to work, and. beginning in a tannery, he has followed that business 
ever since. In 1872 he was employed by the Japanese government to go to 
Japan for a couple of vears, and when that contract was ended returned to 
Kenosha and entered upon his long connection with the firm of the X. R. 
Allen's Sons. In 1880 he was given the position of superintendent, in which 
he has ever since been retained. The tannery is the largest in the world, em- 
ploying over twelve hundred hands, and its goods are sent to all parts of the 

^-^/l Ou£^^^^ Ji/2yiyC.^C^ 

C0MME:^I0RATIVE biographical record. 249 

globe. Mr. Werve"s reputation in his chosen Hne is best substantiated by his 
call to a foreign land and the remarkable length of time he has continued to 
hold so responsible a position as the one he occupies. The establishment with 
which he has been connected, being second to none, is always in the van of 
progress, constantly turning out new and original products and investigating 
along the most up-to-date lines. It is necessary that the superintendent should 
not only be a practical tanner, with a thorough mechanical knowledge of his 
business, but also a man of executive ability and shrewd judgment, with suffi- 
cient enterprise to maintain the standing of his factory. 

The life partner chosen by Mr. Werve was Miss Catherine Bohrn, 
daughter of John and Margaret (Straught) Bohrn, and their union took place 
Sept. 19, 1866. Five children have been born to them, as follows: Anna, 
married Adolph John Reinhardt, a wholesale and retail jewelry merchant of 
Lincoln, 111., and has one child, Lois; Emma married Calvin Stewart, an at- 
torney of Kenosha, and has one son, Donald Werve ; Mary lived only twenty- 
two months ; Charles, formerly a law student, is now employed in the tan- 
nery; Grace married William Marlow, principal of a school, and lives in Min- 
neapolis. Mr. Werve and his wife are members of the Catholic Church. Their 
residence is in the Third ward, at No. 208 Deming street. Mr. Werve be- 
longs to several fraternal organizations, the K. of P., the B. P. O. E., the Mod- 
ern Woodmen and the Royal Arcanum. Politically he is a Democrat, and for 
one term served as school commissioner. He is an American to the backbone, 
and extremely patriotic, apropos of which an experience he had in Japan is 
worth relating. The hotel at which he was staying was conducted by two 
Englishmen, who owned a high flag pole, out on the jetty, from which Mr. 
Werve noticed the English flag flying on various occasions. It occurred to 
him that he would like to see the American flag waving there on the nation's 
birthday, so he hired the flag pole for the 4th of July, without, however, giving 
anv hint of his designs. When the owners of the flag pole saw the "stars 
and stripes" hoisted they, and also others, threatened both Mr. Werve and his 
flag, but he positively refused to lower it and declared he would shoot the 
first person that interfered. He was not molested, but he was compelled to 
guard the flag all of that day, which he did with an old Spencer rifle loaded 
with seven cartridges. 

yivs. Werve's parents came from Germany in 1854, settling in Kenosha 
countv, where John Bohrn was engaged in farming, living in the town of 
Salem. Five of his children are living, viz.: Annie, Mrs. Charles Mehern; 
Catherine, Mrs. Werve ; Margaret, unmarried ; Leonard ; and John. 

John Bohrn, father of Mrs. Werve, was born in Alsace, in April. 1808, 
and he died Jan. 31, 1882. His wife, Margaret Straught, was born in May, 
1820, and died April 16, 1899. They came from Germany in 1854, settling in 
Kenosha county. Wis., where Mr. Bohrn engaged in farming, living in the 
town of Salem. Five of their children are yet living: Annie, Mrs. Charles 
Mehern; Catherine, Mrs. Werve; Margaret, unmarried; Leonard; and John. 
Those deceased were : Mary, who married John Kupp ; and Emily, who mar- 
ried N. F. W. Krantz. They were faithful members of the Catholic Church. 
John Bohrn, in his youth, studied for the priesthood, but failing health com- 
pelled him to relinquish bis cherished amliition. He was instructor to ninety 
pupils in the college he attended, when obliged to give up. 


John Bohrn was a son of John and Helena Bohrn, of Alsace, the former 
of whom was a soldier in the army of Napoleon. He was a farmer by occu- 
pation and died in Germany. Mrs. Margaret (^Straught) Bohrn was a daugh- 
ter of John and Margaret Straught. of Wheilsecker, Germany, where Mr. 
Straught owned and operated a gristmill. He served some time in the Ger- 
man army. 

GEORGE HALE. No family has been better known in New Englantl 
from early Colonial days till the present than the Hales. The descendants 
are scattered all over the country now, but ever retain a justifiable pride in 
the early ancestors of their race, while themselves adding to the worthy 
achievements of the family. In Kenosha, Wis., two branches are represented 
by George Hale and his children. 

George Hale traces his descent from Sir Matthew Hale, of England, 
through the line of his great-grandfather, Thomas, who was born in Massa- 
chusetts. His son, Obed, was born in Enfield, Conn., and became a farmer. 
Twice married, his first wife was Miss Mindwell Hale, daughter of Samuel 
Hale, of Massachusetts. Samuel Hale was a soldier in ■ the Revolution, 
served in the relief of Lexington, was afterward in Capt. Simon's Company, 
Wadsworth's Brigade, with the rank of corporal, was on duty in New York 
City, and took part in the battle of White Plains. Olied and Mindwell Hale 
had a family of five sons and five daughters, all now deceased. The mother 
died at the age of fifty-seven, and ^Ir. Hale married again, his second wife 
being Mrs. Stocking, of Ohio. 

Obed P. Hale, son of Obed, was born in Enfield, Conn., in 1809. At 
the age of seventeen he moved to Ohio, where he engaged in farming until 
1842, and then went to Wisconsin. He settled in Kenosha county, in the 
town of Paris, and lived there on a farm until 1870, in which year he moved 
to Kenosha, where he resided for the rest of his life. He was a prominent 
man locally, served as justice of the peace for about twenty-five years, besides 
filling other minor offices, and in 185 1 was a member of the State Assembly. 
He died in 1892. He married Miss Laura B. King, in Ohio, and they had 
two sons and two daughters, of whom the only ones living are Delina D., the 
wife of C. A. Dewey, of Kenosha, and George. Mrs. Laura B. (King) Hale 
was a daughter of Jabez and Hannah King, and was the first white child born 
in Chardon, Ohio. Her father was a native of Massachusetts. 

George Hale was born in Chardon, Geauga Co., Ohio. May 19, 1840, 
and was but two years old when his parents brought him to Kenosha county. 
He was sent to the district school, and remained at home on the farm until 
the Civil war broke out. Enlisting in the Union army, he became a private 
in Company H, 33d Wis. V. I., was appointed an orderly sergeant in 1862, 
was commissioned second lieutenant in April of the following year, and in 
September, 1863. was made first lieutenant. He served in all a little over 
three years, and was at the battles of Cold Water and Jackson: at the siege 
of Vicksburg; in the Red River campaign, under Banks; in Sherman's Mer- 
dian campaign, and in rtiany engagements. After the ]\Ir. Hale went 
back to Wisconsin, and enga.ged in farming on property which he had bought 


(luring the war. His first purcliase. consistiiig of eighty acres in Paris town- 
ship, he sold a few years afterward and hought another tract of 132 acres, 
where he remained, giving it his personal attention until 1870. He then 
rtnted his farm and going into Kenoslia opened the grocery business with 
which his name has ever since been connected. 

Mr. Hale was united in marriage May 11, 1862, to Miss Ellen M. 
Leonard, daughter of Carlton Stone and Keziah H. (Dewey) Leonard. Six 
children have blessed this union : Alice B. married Hugh Haven, and bore 
him one child, a son, mother and son dying at the same time in Chicago, of 
diphtheria. Samuel is in the life insurance business in Omaha, Neb. Myron 
H. is one of the proprietors of the "Eichelman Hotel," in Kenosha. George 
LeRoy is in business with his father ; he married Miss Olive May Greene, of 
Waukau, Wis., and they have one son. George Dudley. John P. died at the 
age of six or seven years. Marion Bell lives at home. Mrs. Hale is a mem- 
ber of the Episcopal Church, but her husband is a Unitarian. They reside at 
No. 601 Park avenue, where Mr. Hale owns his home. 

Mr. Hale is a member of the Sons of the American Revolution, and as 
an old soldier has been deeply interested in the G. A. R., and called the first 
meeting to organize the post in Kenosha, known as Fred S. Lovell Post, No. 
230, Department of Wisconsin. He was chosen its first commander and has 
always been prominent in its management. Politically he is a Republican, 
and an active worker in the party ranks. In an early day he was chairman 
of the board of supervisors of the town of Paris, and for one term was a 
member of the county board. In 1890 he was first appointed deputy collector 
of the court and served for four years, until there was a change of adminis- 
tration. In August, 1901, he was again appointed to the place, and is now 
filling that position. 

Mrs. Ellen M. Hale is also descended from Revolutionary ancestry. Her 
great-great-grandfather on the mother's side was Zelaediah Dewey, of Ver- 
mont, a captain in the American army. He lived close to the Massachusetts 
line and so enlisted, April 24, 1775, at Tillingham, in the latter State. He 
was a first lieutenant in Capt. Whiting's Company, Col. Jonathan Brewer's 
Regiment. One of the battles of the war in which he is known to haye par- 
ticipated was that of Ticonderoga. He was elected to represent Poultney, 
Vt.. at the convention of that State to adopt the Declaration of Independ- 
ence. Capt. Dewey came from a particularly patriotic section, every man in 
his town enlisting except one. who was sick. The women, too, caught the 
fever and Capt. Dewey's wife organized a company of women and children, 
was made its captain, and led them to a little town near by, where disloyalty 
to the cause of the Colonies was suspected, and demanded to know whether 
there w-ere any Tories there. The women were all armed with muskets and 
made a great demonstration, rattling the ramrods in their guns, but it is 
thought the weapons were not loaded. 

Capt. Zebediah Dewev had a son, Zebediah (2). and he in turn had a 
son named John M., a native of Vermont and a farmer by occunation. He 
moved west to Kenosha county and died there when he was well alone^ in 
years. By his wife, Lucinda Cook, he had four sons and one daughter. 


Keziah H., mother of Airs. Hale, who married Carlton Stone Leonard, who 
died in 1S5O. Mr. Leonard, like his wife, was born in Vermont. He was a 
railroad contractor and worked both in the East and the West. His w'ife 
went West in the early days and made her home in Kenosha county with her 
parents, and she died in that county when about seventy-eight years old. 

AivROX Henry Hale was born in Paris township Sept. zj, 1868, and 
from the age of two years has lived in Kenosha. He attended the public 
schools until he was fourteen, when he became a clerk in the grocery of Hale 
& Bronson, continuing thus until 1893, when he was taken in as a partner 
with his father in the grocery business. He remained in the firm until March, 
1902, when he became associated with Mr. Henry L. Eichelman as propri- 
etors of the "Eichelman Hotel," the leading one of Kenosha. Mr. Hale mar- 
ried, April 6, 1893, Miss Juliana M. Eichelman, daughter of Bernhardt Eich- 
elman. and to their union has been born one daughter, Alice. Mr. Hale be- 
longs to the Sons of the American Revolution, and to the Order of Elks, being 
the treasurer of the Kenosha Lodge of the latter organization. Politically he 
is a Republican. 

Bernhardt Eichelman, Mrs. Hale's father, was born in Wittenberg, Ger- 
many, Aug. 24, 1833. and came to America when twenty years of age. For 
a few years he lived in New York City, then going to Rochester, where he 
remained for quite a long time, and from there to ]\Iarshall, Mich., wdiere 
Mrs. Hale was born. His next place of residence was Chicago, where he 
had just settled in business when he was burned out by the great fire of 1871. 
Instead of trying to begin anew there he went to Kenosha that same year, 
and opened the tailoring establishment which he continued to conduct until 
1893, when he turned it over to his sons, Henry L. and Louis M. Thereafter 
he lived retired until his death, June 24. 1904. 

Mr. Eichelman married Julianna Alary Alerkel, who was born in Berlin 
of "high German" stock, and who spoke the German language in its purest 
form. Her mother was Julia ( Alarlow ) Alerkel. Mrs. Eichelman 
died Oct. 9, 1898, aged si.xty-se\en years. She was the mother of six 
children, namely: Bernhardt, of Kenosha; Henry Louis, of that city; Louis 
Ivl., of the same place; William Frederick, of Chicago; Juliana M.. Airs. 
Hale; and Bertha Johanna, of Kenosha. The parents were both Lutherans 
originally, but in Rochester united with the Congregational Church, and re- 
mained in that denomination ever afterward. Air. Eichelman was a Repub- 
lican in his politics, and socially was a prominent member of the Odd Fel- 
lows. Royal Arch Alasons and Knights of Pythias, while during his residence 
in Rochester he belonged to the Turner Society there. Air. Eichelman gave 
to the city of Kenosha a site for a park which fronts Lake Alichigan,: and 
which bears his name. 

HEXRA' \\'ILLIAAIS. former mavnr of the city of Kenosha. Wis., and 
one of the pioneers of this part of the State, entered into rest July 15. 1004. 
after a long and useful life. Bv birth he was an Ensflishmnn. born in Lin- 
colnshire Dec. 24, T82d. son of John and Martha fEspin) Williams. 

In 1836 John Williams brought his family to the New- World, and in 
June of the following year they reached Southport, being one of the first fam- 



ilies to locate in the little village. Shortly afterward they moved to Pleasant 
Prairie, and the land they purchased there is now the well-known Williams 

Shortly hefore his death it was said of Henry Williams that he had been 
a resident of Kenosha county longer than any other living man. He grew to 
manhood here and purchased his father's farm, making it his home until his 
removal to Kenosha in 1866. after which time he had his home on Prairie ave- 
nue. In 1874 he began the manufacture of croquet sets, and while his factory 
was a small one it was also a busy one, and it is said that it made and sold 
more croquet sets than any other in this part of the country. This business 
was always under the owner's personal supervision, and it was uniformly suc- 

Air Williams was always interested in public afYairs, and he kept in close 
touch with the political life of the city. In 1876 he was elected alderman from 
the old Third ward, and was re-elected eleven consecutive years, a high tes- 
timonial for his efficient and faithful service. At the close of his last term as 
alderman he was elected to the office of mayor, and for six years — three terms 
— gave to the city an honest and progressive administration, that did much 
for the substantial development of Kenosha. W'hen he retired from office he 
had the unbounded confidence and respect of all men. He was a man easy to 
approach, and, rich or poor, no man sought his counsel and aid unrewarded. 
Death relieved him of severe suffering, and the whole city mourned the loss 
of a good citizen. The remains were laid aw'ay in the city cemetery. 

On Oct. 29, 1850, Mr. W^illiams w-as united in marriage with Miss Jane 
Roddle, who died Oct. 30, 1903. Three sons and five daughters came to 
brighten their home, and of these there are living: John E., of Kenosha; 
Harry S., of Chicago; Eva, Mrs. H. P. Woodworth, of Kenosha; Frances, 
Mrs. Henry L. Bullamore, of Kenosha ; and Effie, Mrs. William H. Carr, of 
Minneapolis, Minnesota. 

GEORGE F. LEET. Among the community oi old settlers who havf 
done so much for the development and progress of Somers township, Ken- 
osha county, and who are especially attached to this locality as their place of 
birth, is George Foster Leet, who resides on Section 10, where he was born 
Feb. 15. 1838, son of Charles and Sarah B. (Wiard) Leet, natives of Con- 
necticut, who were married in New York, and who became the parents 
of three children, viz.: Mathew W., of St. Louis, Mo.; George F. ; and Miss 
Sarah H., of Racine, W^isconsin. 

The paternal grandfather of Mr. Leet was a farmer in Chautauqua 
county, N. Y., and was the father of three sons, Charles. Warren and JNIartin. 
The maternal grandparents were Mathew and Sallie Wiard, who had four 
daughters whom they reared in New York, viz. ; Sarah B., mother of our sub- 
ject; Elmira, formerly wife of W^illiam Bly; Mrs. Dale and Mrs. Maxwell. 

After the close of the war of 1812, in which he took part. Charles Leet 
kept a hotel at Delhi, N. Y., for some years, but in 1837 he came to Wiscon- 
sin and took up Government land in what was then Pike township, but now 
is Somers township, two farms of 160 acres each, in Sections 10 and 11. He 
improved them both, and lived there until his death, which occurred Feb. 11, 


1874. His wife survived him. and died Oct. 23, 1877, aged seventy-seven 
years. In religiuus faith they were EpiscupaHans. in adciitiun tu the chil- 
dren of his second marriage, above noted, by a prior marriage Mr. Leet had 
these children: Joseph, Jane R., Robert, Clark, Mary and Charles, all of 
whom are deceased. For a number of years he was postmaster here at a point 
known as Aurora, and for some years he served also as a justice of the peace. 
George F. Leet grew up on the pioneer farm and obtained his education 
in the schools of his neig'hborhood. When he reached his majority he went 
to W'aukegan where he engaged in clerking for one year for Loveday & 
Dodge, grocers, and then entered the army, enlisting in Company C, 2nd 
Illinois Light Artillery, in which he served almost two years, being mustered 
out in 1865. His battery was stationed at Fort Donelson, and he was de- 
tailed mainly on scout duty. After the war he returned home and bought his 
father's farm, which now contains 198 acres. This he has greatly improx'ed 
and it stands today as one of the most valuable in the county, well tilled and 
most presentable in every way. 

In i860 Mr. Leet made a trip to California overland, where he engaged 
in mining for a year, when he returned, deciding that Kenosha county offered 
every chance to a young man who was willing to take advantage of it. His 
war experience followed. 

On May 14, 1868, Mr. Leet was united in marriage with Miss Jessie 
Ann Smith, daughter of William and Janet (Park) Smith, and five children 
were born to this union, namely; Leverett Clark, Fred W., Edward H.. 
Nellie J. and George P. Leverett C. was drowned aged two years and four , 
months: Fred W. resides at home, unmarried; Edward H.. a machinist by 
trade. ]i\-ing in Milwaukee, married Lulu C. Rhodes; Nellie J. is a stenog- 
rapher ; and George P. also resides at' home. Mr. and Mrs. Leet are members 
of the Presbyterian Church. Fraternally he belongs to the Modem Wood- 
men of America. Politically he is a Republican, and he has served two terms 
as a member of the town board, and for about eight terms was on the school 
board, and he served also as town treasurer for one term. 

The paternal grandfather of ?ilrs. Leet was a native of Scotland, where 
he died; he was a farmer by occupation. His children numbered seven in all. 
Her maternal grandparents were William and Janet Park, and they died in 
Scotland, parents of six children. The parents of Mrs. Leet were natives of 
Aberdeenshire, Scotland, and came to America in 1841, locating in Somers 
township, where the father bought 1 10 acres of land, which was a part of the 
Charles Leet farm. The father died there in 1891, aged ninety years and 
over, and his wife died in January, 1887, aged ninety-one years. They were 
stanch Presbyterians. They had six children, four of wliom grew to ma- 
turity; W^illiam P. Smith; George H. ; Jane M., wife of Hugh Gorton, of 
Racine: and Jessie A., wife of George F. Leet. 

Mr. Leet is one of the older residents of this section in ])oint of con- 
tinuous residence, having spent sixty-seven years on the farm on whicli he 
was born. He is a man highly esteemed for the integrity of his character, 
and his uprisfhtness in all his business and social relations. His estimable 
wife justly shares in this high estimation and they are recognized as repre- 

com:\iemorative biographical record. 255 

sentative people of this locality. Such families are deserving of honorable 
record in a work of tlie nature of the present one and in it then- memory and 
features should be preserved. The day will come when those who made easy 
the path tor their descendants through the pioneer wildernesses will have 
passed trom otf the earth, but ingratitude is not so ingrained upon their de- 
scendants that the time will ever come when to recall their noble lives and 
meritorious deeds will not give satisfaction. In a like manner Mr. Leet be- 
longs to a fast fading body of brave and noble men, that great army of pa- 
triots of 1861-5, whose courage and endurance will furnish themes for song 
and story for generations to come. 

CHRISTIAN HEIDERSDORF (deceased) was one of the excellent 
farmers and upright citizens of Somers township, Kenosha Co., Wis., where 
he had accumulated a large property through his own exertions. He was 
born in Prussia, Germany, Jan. 13, 181 3, son of Conrad and Minnie 
(Griese) Heidersdorf, both of whom died in Germany. They had two sons 
and two daughters, the one survivor being Lizetta, widow of Jacob Barnes, 
of Paris township, Kenosha county. 

Christian Heidersdorf received a good common school education in his 
youth, but as his father died when he was still small he was obliged to begin 
work at an early period in his life. He worked for several years in the mines in 
Germany, and later became a mine superintendent. After serving out his 
time in the regular army, according to the laws of his land, in 1851 he came 
to America and settled with his brother William at St. Louis. When the 
cholera broke out there they left Missouri and came to Wisconsin, settling 
in Somers township, Kenosha county. There he and his brother bought sixty- 
seven acres of land, the same on which Mrs. Heidersdorf still lives, and here 
they built a small frame house. Later Mr. Heidersdorf added fifty acres to 
his first land, and later bought ninety acres in Paris township, and ten acres 
of woodland. William never married but lived on this land until his death, 
and in this home our subject died two years later, in 1878. He was a man 
much respected by all who knew him, kind in his family and helpful to his 
neighbors. Politically he w^as a Republican. He was a member of the Luth- 
eran Church. 

On Feb. 14, 1857, on the farm on which bis widow now resides, Mr. 
Heidersdorf was united in marriage with Miss Margaret Meier, who was 
born in Hessen-Homburg, Germany, Dec. 29, 1835, daughter of Peter and 
Margaret (Rohr) Meier, the former of whom died in 1842, when his daugh- 
ter Margaret was seven years old. Mrs. Heidersdorf was reared in Germany, 
and came to America with her mother, two brothers and a sister when 
eighteen years old, and they settled in Paris township, where the mother died 
aged eighty-nine years. Her grandfather, Jacob Meier, was a farmer in 
Germany, and both he and wife died there, the parents of five sons and one 
daughter. Mrs. Margaret (Rohr) Meier was a daughter of Anton and Eliza- 
b.eth Rohr. farming people who lived to be about seventy-five years old. 

To the marriaee of Mr. and ]\Irs. Heidersdorf were born five sons and 
five daughters: William: Christian: Frank and Fannie, twins: Margaret; 


Ilattie and Atklic. twins; Minnie; Henry; and John. William, a merchant 
at Chapin, Paris township, married Alice Murray, and they have two children, 
Edna and Harold ; Christian, a farmer in Yorkville township, Racine couniy, 
married Caroline Biehn, and they have three children, Frances, Ethlyn and 
Alvin ; Frank, unmarried, carries on a threshing machine business ; Fannie 
married Henry Biehn, of Paris township, and they have two children, Camilla 
and Howard ; Margaret is the widow of William Coughlin of Paris township, 
and has two children. Frances and Stanley ; Hattie married Frank Holmes. 
of Yorkville township, and they have two sons, Ross and Roy ; Addie married 
Myron Gould, a blacksmith of Somers township, and they have three chil- 
dren, Jay, Max and Gladys. The others live at home with the mother in the 
old homestead in Somers township. They are members of the Lutheran 

HENRY L. BULLAMORE, of No. 571 Prairie avenue. Kenosha, is one 
of the old residents of Kenosha county, and was born in Paris township, that 
county, Feb. 13. 1855. 

The Bullamore family originated in England, where both the paternal 
grandparents died, when quite young, leaving a number of children. James 
Bullamore. father of Henry L., was born in Lincolnshire in 1809. A lifelong 
farmer, he came to America in 1835 and spent seven years in LUica, N. Y.. 
after which he moved to Wisconsin in 1842 and spent the next six or seven 
years in Pleasant Prairie township. From there he went to Paris township, 
buying first a tract of no acres, and adding to it until he owned 900 acres. 
He spent the rest of his life there, and some years before his death, in 1886. 
divided his property among his children. James Bullamore married Miss 
Mary Ann Roddle, born in Lincolnshire in 1813. She died in 1890, the mother 
of five sons and two daughters. Those of the family who survive are : Ellen, 
widow of Newcomb Waldo, of Bristol township ; Maria, Mrs. Moses John- 
son, of the same township; Charles A., of Cass county. N. Dak.; and Henry 
L. The parents were both professors of the Methodist faith. 

Mrs. Mary A. (Roddle) Bullamore was descended from Stephen Roddle. 
an Englishman, who was the overseer of a big farm in England. In 1838 
he crossed the Atlantic, settled in Utica, N. Y., until 1843, and then went W^est 
to W'isconsin. After a few years in Pleasant Prairie township he moved to 
McGatt's Corners, in Racine county, from which place he again moved to 
Sparta, Wis., where he died well advanced in years. His wife, Ann Roddle, 
bore him a large family, and lived to the age of eighty-eight. 

Henry L. Bullamore grew up on his father's farm and received the usual 
training for life which a pioneer farmer's son of that day and place was given. 
He attended the district schools, and then became a farmer himself. He was 
the youngest of the family, and as the others had left home the management of 
his father's property fell to him for some years. Later he bought 177 acres of 
land of his own, adjoining the homestead, and now has a tract of over four 
hundred acres in all, of which 230 acres represent the old Bullamore home- 
stead. He lived on his farm until 1898, but in that year gave up active farm- 
ing and rented his place. Moving into Kenosha, he built a home there, and 
went into the real estate, loan and insurance business, which he has since been 

, X ^.c^^^^-^^---^ 


pursuing with much success. He is one of Kenosha's substantial citizens, and 
a man whose opinion carries weight. 

Mr. BuUamore has been twice married. His first wife was Miss Addie 
Lieber, daughter of James Lieber, to whom he was united June 6, 1882, and 
who died the 14th ot the foUowing May. His second union occurred June ij, 
1893, when Miss Frances Wilhams became his wife. She was a daughter of 
Henry and Jane WiUiams. Two children have been born to this union, Marian 
A. and William Henry. Mr. Bullamore belongs to the Congregational Church 
and politically he is a Republican. 

* WILLIAM F. BURFEIND, a prominent business citizen of Racine 
and one of the well-known architects of that city, was born Dec. 4, 1872, in 
Elpaso, 111., a son of Barthold and Louisa (Weinrich) Burfeind. 

The parents of Mr. Burfeind were natives of Germany, the father com- 
ing from Hanover and the mother from Waldeck. They had nine children 
born to them, two sons and seven daughters, namely : Freida, wife of Fred- 
erick D. Stuenkel, of Chicago; Frances, wife of J. Henry Meyer, of Chicago 
Ridge, 111.; Anna, unmarried; William F., of Racine; Virginia E. and Rosina 
M., twins, the former wife of Edmund Kinney, of Alliance, Ohio; Lydia, 
deceased; Clara, unmarried; and Raymond H., of Chicago. 

The paternal grandfather of Mr. Burfeind came from Germany to Am- 
erica with his family and settled in Missouri, where he and wife died. The 
maternal grandfather was Christian Weinrich, who came to America in 1851 
and settled in Ohio, removing from there to Adams county, 111., where he car- 
ried on farming and blacksmithing. Later he removed to Elpaso, 111., and 
still later to Rochelle, where he died aged eighty-four years. His wife died 
at Elpaso aged sixty-seven years. 

The father of Mr. Burfeind was a minister in the German Evangelical 
Lutheran Church for forty-one years. He was nine years old when his 
parents brought him to America. His first pastorate w-as at East St. Louis, 
111., his next one at Camp Point and later he w-as stationed at Elpaso, Rich- 
ton and Lemont. At the latter place he resigned and moved to Chicago, 
where he did missionary work in and around that city. His useful Christian 
life closed there Dec. 17, 1903, at the age of sixty-two years. His widow 
survives and lives in Chicago. 

William F. Burfeind was five years old when his parents left Elpaso and 
his father took charge of the church at Richton. There he went to school un- 
til fourteen, attending the German parochial school at first, but later the com- 
mon schools, and he was also instructed at home, his father wishing him to 
have every advantage. When but fourteen he decided upon his life career, 
entering then upon the study of his present profession, which he has contin- 
ued to follow until the present, with the exception of but two years. His 
work has met with the approval of the public to a satisfactory degree and 
there are many examples of it in Racine. 

Mr. Burfeind was married Nov. 12, i8gg, to ]Miss Helen Marion Kiss- 
ling, daughter of Robert and Selmeta (Lang) Kissling. and they have one 


daughter, Evelyn Helen. They are members of St. John's Lutheran Church. 
Politically he is a Democrat. 

The'father of Mrs. Burfeind was a native of Switzerland and her mother 
of Germany. They were married at Monte Video, Argentine Republic, and 
they came to America in 1887, settling in Chicago where they still reside. 
They had six children, viz. •: Selmeta, wife of Fred Sparfeld : Helen Marion, 
Mrs. Burfeind; Robert; Ernest; Theodore; and Godfrey. 

OLE NELSON, former proprietor of the "Fox River Hotel," Water- 
ford, Wis., illustrates in a striking manner what may be accomplished in 
America by the sturdy independent race which he is proud to claim as ances- 
tral stock. In the rugged pioneer work of the Northwest, which has wrested 
her virgin fields and primeval forests from the \vilderness and transformed 
them into habitable communities, the sons of Norway have borne a manly 
and a generous part. Historically brave, they have not only cheerfully 
shouldered their full burden of hardships for the sake of their families and 
to win personal independence, but have been earnest pioneers in the planting 
of Protestantism in the great States of the Northwest. With this latter work 
the father of Ole Nelson is historically identified. 

Ole Nelson was born in the northwest corner of Waterford township, 
Racine county, Sept. 4, 1843, the son of Halver and Isabelle Nelson, both 
natives of Norway. The year prior to his birth his parents had emigrated 
from the Fatherland and settled in that locality upon eighty acres of land, 
which the father had purchased at government price. He added to the orig- 
inal tract whenever possible, until he owned 220 acres in Waterford, Norway 
and Muskego (Waukesha county) townships, and 100 acres in the township 
of Vernon, Waukesha county. But although he became a large land owner 
he remained until his death upon the farm which he first purchased. His 
heart clung to the old homestead to the last. His journey to his new home 
•of 1842 was by way of Milwaukee, through an unopened country whose best 
routes were marked by blazed trees. Arriving at his destination in Waterford 
township. Halver Nelson built a log house for the shelter of his young wife 
and himself, and there, in September of the following year, was born their 
only child, Ole. The mother died Oct. 15, 1843, the month after his birth, 
at the age of twenty-five years. The father lived to be seventy-eight years 
old, the log house was replaced by a substantial frame residence, and the poor 
struggling farmer became a thrifty and honored agriculturist. 

Halver Nelson and his wife were both earnest members of the Nor- 
^vegian Lutheran Church, and the former has the distinction of having built 
the first house of worship for that denomination in the United States. It was 
a tw-o-story structure of hewn logs, the first minister to hold services in it 
being Rev. Mr. Clauson. In the spring of 1905 the building was taken down 
and transported to St. Paul. ]\Iinn., being there rebuilt as a historical me- 
mento — the first Norwegian Lutheran Church in America. Both Halver 
Nelson and his wife were charter members of the congregation which wor- 
shipped in it, prior to their arrival the adherents of their faith meeting for 
religious services in a log barn. 


Halver Nelson married fur his second wife Margaret Nelson, who died 
in 1862, aged forty years. They were the parents of five sons and one daugh- 
ter, as mentioned below, the first three of whom are deceased : Nels ; Halver ; 
Margaret, who was the wife of Charles Johnson ; Ole, of Norway township ; 
Albert and John, of Waterford, the former residing on the old homestead. 
Anna, the third wife, died Dec. 20, 1891, at the age of eighty years and thir- 
teen days, and the husband himself followed Sept. 29, 1894, being seventy- 
eight years old at the time of his death. 

Nels Nelson, the paternal grandfather of Ole, a native of Norway, emi- 
grated to America in 1842 and settled first in Waterford township, but later 
located in Vernon township, Waukesha county, where he lived and died with 
his son. Kittle Nelson, having reached the remarkable age of over one hun- 
dred years. His wife, Trena Nelson, lived to be more than eighty years of 
age. The children born to them were Ole, Halver, Kittle, Margaret and Trena. 
Nels Nelson was a hardy laborer, and before coming to the United States 
(in 181 7) had served in the Norwegian army. 

Ole Nelson was reared on his father's farm in Waterford township, his 
schooling Ijeing limited to two or three winter terms in the old-fashioned log 
schoolhouse of his neighborhood. Until he was twenty-two years of age he 
lived at home, being trained not only to husbandry but to the carpenter's 
trade. He was engaged at the latter vocation for a numljer of years, and then 
followed agriculture for a time, but on account of a sunstroke was forced to 
abandon out-of-door work. In the spring of 1880 he erected a hotel building 
in the village of Waterford, and prospered in his enterprise until the summer 
of 1898. On the ist of July of that year his hotel was destroyed by fire; but 
the frame building which was burned was immediately replaced by a hand- 
some brick structure, heated by steam and supplied with other modern 
conveniences not before enjoyed. So that what seemed at first like a calamity 
now appears to have been a blessing in disguise ; for the rebuilt and greatly 
improved "Fox River Hotel" is now generally acknowledged to be one of the 
best village hostelries in the State of Wisconsin and would unblushingly 
stand comparison with many metropolitan establishments of the kind. Mr. 
Nelson sold the place March 20, 1906, to Joseph Wieners and John Nelson. 

On June 14, 1873. O'^ Nelson was married to Miss Clara, daughter of 
John and Helen (Christianson) Nelson, and the four daughters born to their 
union were Nora, Hilda, Josephine and Lulu. Nora married John Francis, 
a clothing merchant of Janesville, Wis., and they have two children. Nelson 
and Sylva Ruth Frances. Josephine is now Mrs. William Anderson, her 
husband being the proprietor of a meat market and a grocery in Chicago. 
Hilda and Lulu live at home, and assist their parents in the management and 
operation of the hotel. Mr. and Mrs. Nelson are firm in the Lutheran faith 
of their forefathers, and politically the former is a Republican. 

The parents of Mrs. Nelson, who were also natives of Norway, emigrated] 
to America when they were young, married in Racine county and settled on a 
farm in Clayton township, Winnebago Co.. Wis. He was the owner of a 
good homestead of t6o acres, and finally died in the village of Waterford, in 
the fall of 1895, at the age of seventy-one years. His wife had passed away in 


1888, aged sixty-five years. They were nieinbers of the Lutheran Churcli, 
and the parents of Nels Nelson, George and Clara (_Mrs. Ole Xelsonj. Xels 
lives in Marshfield, \Vis., and George m Sioux City, Iowa. 

Reviewing the continually progressive career of Ole A'elson, it is evi- 
dent that he is one of the most widely known and generally respected citi- 
zens of Waterford township, and of those who were born in it, he is perhaps 
the oldest continuous resident. From childhood he was inured to the priva- 
tiiins and hardships of a pioneer life, and was therefore firmly grounded in 
the principles of industry and economy. When a boy he never thought of 
wearing shoes from the time snow left until it came again, e.xcept on special 
occasions, which were rare. His sleeping apartment in the log cabin was un- 
der the roof, and it was -quite necessary for him to sleep with his head cov- 
ered during the cold weather in order to keep his face from freezing, as the 
roof over him was so open that he could lie in his bed and count the stars. 
Very early he was put to work in the fields and well remembers when the 
plowing was done by oxen, and when in cultivating corn it was necessary for 
one person to lead the animal and another to hold the plow. He also recalls 
the picture of the ox muzzled with a willow basket, both as a means of pro- 
tecting the grain and of controlling the beast — usually so docile, but pos- 
sessed of a wild, appetite for corn. As Ole grew to manhood he became an 
expert in cutting his wheat and oats with a cradle, and his hay with a scythe. 
Further, from long and arduous experience, he became most skillful in cut- 
ting cordwood, splitting rails, and digging and burning stumps, and he now 
recalls with much regret how much fine timber was wasted by the old settlers 
in biu-ning the material in order to clear their lands for farming purposes. 
Despite these years of wearing labor he can revert to many happy days in 
the rude log cabin, living there in the old-fashioned way; and, a$ stated, his 
rough pioneer experience taught him invaluable lessons of perseverance and 

Mr. Nelson feels that the foregoing experiences well prepared him fur his 
untried career as a hotel proprietor. When he started his enterprise in Wat- 
erford the business was absolutely new to him; but he had already seen the 
importance of persistent industry and economy, and simply applied what he 
had learned, as to the successful management of a pioneer family, to the 
larger business in hand. Both commercial travelers and permanent patrons 
know how well he has succeeded, and he has the satisfaction of realizing that 
by his wisely directed labors he has accumulated a competency for his old age. 
and has raised an industrious and intelligent family. His success in life, how- 
e\-er. is not due entirely to his own efforts, for his good wife and daughters 
are justly entitled to their share of praise; for they have all worked together 
in harmony for the common welfare, and form, as a whole, a noteworthy 
illustration of the industrious, thrifty, intelligent and eminently useful fan-uly, 
in whose veins runs the vigorous blood of the pioneer and who are trained 
to his honest and God-fearing ways. 

JAMES T\I. STEBBINS, who died in Kenosha Feb. 8, 1006, repre- 
sented one of the earliest pioneer families of Kenosha county. He was of 


Revolutionary ancestry in both paternal and maternal lines, coming from 
Massachusetts and Xew York stock, and was born on the ^lohawk ri\er, in 
New York State, Nov. 6. 1829, son of Rev, Salmon and Ruth (Hopkins) 

The paternal grandfather was born in either Massachusetts or New 
Hampshire, of English ancestry, and spent his whole life in the East, where 
he and his wife reared a large family and lived to advanced age. He served 
ill the Revolutionary war. as did also Mr. Stebbins' maternal grandfather, 
Stephen Hopkins. The latter was born in the State of New York, and lived 
to be very old. 

Rev. Salmon Stebbins was born in Massachusetts about 1794, and his 
w^ife, Ruth Hopkins, was born in New York. Of their two sons and five 
daughters, the following three are now living : Emily, Mrs. Amos S. Water- 
man, of W'aukegan. 111. ; Jane, Mrs. William H. Sadler, of Bloomington, 
Neb. ; and Charlotte, Mrs. Charles H. Douglas, of Bloomington, Neb. The 
father was a ^lethodist minister and was actively engaged in preaching from 
his twentieth year until a twelvemonth before his death. He was sent by the 
New York Conference as a missionary to Wisconsin, and began his work 
there as an itinerant preacher in 1835, building his first log cabin in the fall 
of that year. It was the oldest in Kenosha, then known by the Indian name of 
Pike river, and stood on the present site of Simmons Hall, the people congre- 
gating there a few years later from miles around to listen to his services. 

After Mr. Stebbins' first year as a missionary he went back to New York 
on an Indian pony, making his way around the lakes. In the spring of 1837 
he returned by boat with his family, while another minister who was also 
going to Wisconsin, by name Jonathan Hodges, rode the pony back. Mr. 
Stel>bins was very fond of this pony, of which he took possession again when 
he returned to Wisconsin, riding him for years on his preaching tours through 
W'isconsin and Illinois, and keeping him till the horse finally died. Mr. Steb- 
bins continued to preach until 1881, when he was obliged to gi\e up his work 
because of inflammatory rheumatism. He djed the following year, aged 
eighty-eight, and was buried in the family lot of his son, James M,, beside the 
remains of his first wife, who had died in 1871, aged about seventy. A hand- 
some monument now stands there in their memory. Mr. Stebbins was sur- 
vived by his second wife, who was a Mrs. Pike. 

James M. Stebbins wa's eight years old wdien he came to Kenosha county 
and grew up there on a farm. He attended the subscription schools first and 
later the Waukegan Academy, from which he was graduated in 1850. After 
leaving school he became a clerk in Waukegan for his brother-in-law, Francis 
H. Porter, but after a year there he took a similar position in Kenosha with 
Fisk & Metcalf, leaving them later to enter the employ of Simmons & Son, the 
members of the firm being Ezra and Z. G. Simmons. In November, i860, 
Mr. Stebbins was elected sheriff, and served two terms, and the following six 
years he was under-sheriff. For eleven years, from 1871 to 1881, both in- 
clusive, he was justice of the peace, after which he turned his attention to real 
estate, and was in that business for many years. He also formed a partner- 
ship with T. M. Ackerman in a tannery, and when the latter wished to retire 
Mr. Stebbins bought his interest and continued alone until 1893 or 1894. 


I-'runi that time until 1902, while still regarding" Kenosha as his home, he 
engaged in real estate dealing ni Chicago, where he owned considerable prop- 
erty, at the time of his death. He resided in a handsome home at No. 564 
Park avenue, Kenosha. Mr. Stebbins stood as a fine example of the upright, 
honest business man, and he was held in deservedly high esteem. 

James M. Stebbins married Feb. 19, 1857, Miss Esther H. Simmons, 
daughter of Ezra and ]\Iaria (Gilbert) Simmons, and eight children were 
torn to them, namely: (i) Maria married Frank F. Loomis, of Evanston, 
111., to whom she has borne six children, John, Joseph G., Esther M., Sarah 
Josephine, Frank F., Jr., and Emily. (2) Zalmon G., of Chicago, married 
Miss Lena Miller, and has two daughters, Esther and Margaret. (3) Ben- 
jamin F. Butler is a resident of Kenosha. (4) Emma E. is the wife of J. 
Keck Wheeler, of Kenosha, and the mother of one child, Elizabeth Stebbins. 
(5) Ruth Hopkins married Richmond P. McKinnon, of Chicago, and has one 
son, Benjamin Paul. (6) Elizabeth Biddlecorn is well known as a musician 
being- one of the finest pianists in Wisconsin. (7) Belle Louise married Doug- 
las K. Newell, of Kenosha, and has one son, Douglas K. Newell, Jr. (8) 
James S. died when five years old. The father of this family was a LTnitarian 
in his religious belief. Socially he was a thirty-second degree Scottish Rite 
Mason, belonging to Kenosha Lodge, No. 47, F. & A. M. ; Kenosha Chapter, 
No. 3, R. A. M. ; and Racine Commandery. He was also a member of the Odd 
Fellows. He was first made a Mason by his father in May, 1850. Politically 
he was always a strong Republican. He was one of the oldest settlers in 
Kenosha, where he resided in all some sixty-seven years. 

Mrs. Esther H. Stebbins is descended from Rouse Simmons, a farmer, 
born in Connecticut. He moved to New York State, and died there in old age. 
Mrs. Stebbins" grandmother, Mary Potter, was his first wife, and died quue 
young, leaving three sons and two daughters. By a second marriage there 
were two children. The maternal grandparents were Zalmon and Esther 
(Hendricks) Gilbert, the former a New York farmer and a colonel in the 
State militia. Mrs. Stebbins is named for this grandmother, who lived to 
be well along in years, and was the mother of eleven children. After her 
death Mr. Gilbert, then quite old, married again. 

RICHARD JONES (deceased), a very highly esteemed citizen of 
Racine, who retired from business a few years prior to his death, was born 
in Radnorshire, parish of Bettewesdessert, South Wales, April 25, 1830, son 
of James and Betsy (Bluck) Jones, the former a native of England and the 
latter of Wales. 

The paternal grandfather of the deceased was James Jones, a native of 
Wales, and a millwright by occupation. He died in Wales, well advanced 
in years, his wife having passed away in middle life. Of their family of seven 
sons, James was the youngest. Two of the sons of James, the grandfather, 
were in the battle of Waterloo, Ijeing members of the King's Dragoons. 
Richard Jones' maternal grandfather was born in England, and is supposed 
to have been of French descent. He died in England in middle life, as did 
also his wife. James Jones, the father, was a miller and millwright and died 
in Wales in 1855, aged seventy-six years, his wife having passed away in 


185-'. They were members of the Church of England. He was a prominent 
man in his community, and was relief officer for the poor. Of his family of 
nine children, but one is- now living, John, the eldest son. 

Richard Jones and his wife came to America in 1854, leaving Wales on 
his birthday and arriving in New York on hers, having been on the ocean for 
forty days. Mr. Jones had received his education in his native country, and 
after assisting his father in the mill for two years learned the carpenter's trade, 
which he followed a number of years. On coming to America Mr. and Mrs. 
Jones located in Wisconsin, and settled twelve miles west of Kenosha, in the 
town of Paris, where he purchased a farm, to which he added, at one time 
having 115 acres. During the Civil war he was postmaster at Paris Corners. 
He lived there until 1875, when he purchased an interest in a general store in 
Union Grove, and lived there until about 1889, when he purchased a general 
store in partnership with his son-in-law, John Dixon. A year later he sold 
out and bought the property upon which he was residing at the time of his 
death, No. 1502 Washington avenue, and where he carried on merchandising 
until his retirement from business in 1901. 

On April 12, 1854, Mr. Jones married ]Miss Martha Ingraham. daughter 
of Richard and Catherine (Davis) Ingraham, and to this union 
were born five children : Sarah Ann, who married Orlando Orcutt, de- 
ceased, now lives in Racine, and has one child, Lucile Orlando ; Martha Jane 
married John Dixon, of Racine, and has two children, Guy and Bessie ; Hattie 
married Richard R. Birdsall, a contractor of Racine, and has four children, 
William R., Athiline. Nettie and Richard; John J., who is in the hardware 
business at Union Grove, married Nellie Bossman, and they have two chil- 
dren, Richard Wallace and Dortha ; and Ida May is a milliner of Milwaukee. 

Mr. Jones w-as a memlaer of the Baptist Church, with which Mrs. Jones 
also unites. They celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of their wedding April 
12, 1904, but the husband did not survive another year, for on Sunday morn- 
ing, March 5, 1905, he passed away while in attendance at divine services. 

JOHN FONK, a substantial and representative farmer-citizen of Keno- 
sha county. Wis., owns and operates 191 /4 acres of land in Section 14, and 
another tract of eighty acres in Section 25, in Paris township. He was born 
in Vochern, Saarburg, Rhine Prussia, Germany, Dec. 27, 1839, son of Philip 
and INIargaret ( Sievenlx)rn ) Fonk, natives of Germany. Nicholas Fonk, his 
grandfather, was a mason by trade. He was married twice, and died in Ger- 
many when past middle life. 

Philip Fonk was a mason and stone cutter by trade, and helped build the 
city hall in Paris, France. He married Margaret Sievenborn, daughter of 
John Sievenborn, a native of Germany, who was a weaver by trade, and lived 
to be nearly seventy years of age. After the death of his first wife he married 
twice, having a daughter by each of his marriages; Margaret, the mother of 
John Fonk. was the child of the first marriage. In 1846 Philip Fonk came to 
America with his wife and three children, and settled in the town of Paris. 
Kenosh-1 Co.. Wis., purchasing twenty acres of Government land. This he 
later sold, and purchased eierhty acres, wdiich is known as the old homestead. 
Pie kept adding to this tract from time to time until he finally had 410 acres. 

264 com:\iemorative biographical record. 

and upon this farm he resided until two years prior to his death, wliich occur- 
red at the home of his daughter, Mary, Oct. 29, 1888, when he was aged 
seventy-two years. His wife had passed away ^Vpril 2, 1887, also aged sev- 
enty-two years. Both were members of the Catholic Church. Mr. Fonk 
served as clerk of the school district for some time. In his native country he 
had been a volunteer soldier in the army. To Mr. and Mrs. Philip Fonk were 
born seven children: John; Mary, wife of Nicholas Spartz, of Paris town- 
ship; Matthew, Philip and Nicholas, of Paris township; Michael of Somers 
township ; and Peter, deceased. 

John Fonk was only in his seventh year when he came to America with 
his parents, and until eighteen years of age he remained on his father's farm 
in Paris township. His father then gave him a horse and a third interest in 
a wagon, and he and F. G. Meyers and Henry Middlecamp started to Pike's 
Peak in 1859. On reaching Fort Kearney the other two turned back and re- 
turned home, but Mr. Fonk, with Peter Hinderholtz and John Smith, went on 
to California. Mr. Fonk worked on a farm for a while, and then rode a 
broncho as a cowboy for three and one-half years. The next two and one-half 
years he spent at farm work, and then he and Andrew and Philip Ports 
started farming together on their own hook, in Butte county, on the Feather 
river, between Oroville and Marysville, Cal. The second year their crops 
were washed out, and they left the farm. Mr. Fonk left there for San Jose, 
Santa Clara county, and there worked out by the month. In the fall of 1867 
he returned to Wisconsin, and six months later was married, about the same 
time purchasing his present home farm of ninety-three and one-half acres, to 
which he afterward added ninetj'-eight acres adjoining. He also owns a 
farm of eighty acres in Section 25, and all of his land is finely improved. 

On June 23, 1868, Mr. Fonk married Miss Mary Seivert, daughter of 
Peter and Mary (Waggoner) Seivert, and six children were born to this 
union: Francis, Rose M., George N., Lillian L., William P., and John N. ; 
the last named died aged seventeen years. All the rest of the children are at 
home with the exception of Francis and Rose M. (Mrs. Robert Nugent). Mrs. 
Fonk died in 1887. aged about forty years, in the faith of the Catlnolic Church, 
to whicli Mr. Fonk also belongs. 

Politically Mr. Fonk is a stanch Democrat. He was district clerk and 
school director for many years, but in spite of the protest of friends and 
acquaintances resigned these positions, feeling that he had done his duty to- 
Avard his township. Since that time he has steadily refused to hold office of 
any kind. He is highlv esteemed in the townshio, where he has witnessed 
wonderful development and has taken an honorable ]iart in the growtli and 

HANS P. NELSON, the well-known, popular countv treasurer of Ra- 
cine countv. is a highlv esteemed citizen of the city of Raacine. He was born 
in Denmark (now Schleswig. Germanv) Julv 20, i8i.6, son of Andrew and 
Mnrin (Schmidt) Nelson, natives of thnt country. Of their family but two 
nre now living: Henrietta H. (wife of Tver Nissen) and Hans P., both of 

Andrew Nelson was a farmer and located in America permanently in 

^ {/} Jy^c^^^^^ 


1885, although he had hvcd in this country two years previously. He settled 
on a farm near Britt. Iowa, upon which he died in 1888, aged seventy-two 
vears. His first wife had passed away in i860, aged about fifty years. Both 
were Lutherans. After the death of his first wife, Mr. Nelson married a sec- 
ond time, and to this union one daughter, Maria, was born ; she is now mar- 
ried and lives in Germany. Mr. Nelson had been a soldier in the Danish army. 

Hans P. Nelson was reared in Denmark, and there received his educa- 
tion. He began working for himself wdien a small boy, and learned the car- 
penter's trade, which he followed until 1892. He came to America in 1870 and 
located in Union Grove, Racine Co., Wis., where he remained six months, en- 
gaged in carpentering. One week after locating in Union Grove Mr. Nel- 
son's wife, whom he had married in Germany, died, leaving him one child, a 
son, at that time one year old. After leaving Union Grove, Mr. Nelson lo- 
cated in Chicago, where he spent a little over a year, returning to Union Grove 
at the end of that time. In 1875 he came to Racine, and here has made his 
residence ever since. In 1892 he started a small cigar store on State street, 
also engaging in a real estate and insurance business in which he still con- 
tinues, and in which he has been very successful. 

In 1868 Mr. Nelson married ^liss Christina, daughter of Peter and Mary 
Jorgensen, who was born in Denmark (now Schleswig, Germany), and died 
in April, 1870, aged twenty-three years, leaving one son, Peter B., who mar- 
ried Rose Johnson and has one daughter, Constance R. Peter B. Nelson is 
now mayor of Racine. On Jan. 26, 1872, Hans P. Nelson married for his 
second wife, Helen M. Schmidt, who was born in Gram, Schleswig, May 20. 
1848, daughter of Jorgen P. and Anna M. (Schack) Schmidt, also natives of 

In the fall of 1902 Mr. Nelson was elected county treasurer, and he is 
now serving in that office; he has also served as alderman of the Fifth ward. 
Politically he is a Republican. He and his wife are members of the Danish 
Lutheran Church. He belongs to Racine Lodge. No. 8, I.O. O. F.. and to the 
Dania Society. He has for many years been prominent in society work and 
founded the order of LTnited Danish Societies of America, Sept. 20, 1882. Two 
years later, in connection with the last named society, Mr. Nelson was one of 
the fotmders of the United Danish Societies of America, an assessment insur- 
ance society, w hich furnishes cheap insurance to its members. 

FRANCIS G. KLEIN, of the F. G. Klein Company, of Burlinotnn, Wis., 
manufacturers of German birch beer, ginger ale, cream soda, and all kinds 
of soda water, is one of the most energetic and progressive business men of 
that place. He was born in St. Johann, Alsace, France (now Germany). 
March 5. 1833. son of Francis and Mary Ann (Wagner) Klein, natives of 
Alsace. The paternal grandfather, a cooper by trade, and the maternal grand- 
father, a wheelwright, both passed away in Alsace. 

Francis Klein, the father, came to America in 1840. locating first at 
Pottsville, Pa., where he follow^ed his trade of shoemaking. In 1856 he came 
West, and locating in Racine engaged in working at his trade until 1865, 
when he came to Burlington. Here he died Jan. 25, 1884, aged eighty-one 
years: his wife passed away in her seventy-second year. May 29, 1879. Both 


were members of the Catholic Church. He served in the regular army in 
France for fourteen years, Alsace at that time being under French rule. Mr. 
and Mrs. Klein had six children born to them, four of whom are still living : 
Francis G., of Burlington ; John I., of Racine, Wis. ; Elizabeth, wife of Frank 
Schneider, of Racine; and Peter B., of Chicago. Mary, now deceased, was 
married twice, first to Frank Vogt, and after his death to John Montag. 

Francis G. Klein lived in his native country until seven years old and then 
coming to America with his parents grew to manhood in Pottsville, Pa., there 
remaining until 1856. He attended free school there two winters. After 
coming West he lived with his parents at Racine, and in 1865 came with them 
to Burlington, where he has ever since made his home. While in Racine he 
was foreman in the blacksmith shop of the J. I. Case Threshing Machine 
Works, having learned the trade in Pennsylvania. Fifty-five years ago, at 
Palo Alto, Schuylkill Co., Pa., he made the first cow-fender ever put on a 
passenger locomotive, for the Philadelphia & Reading Railway Company ; the 
plan for same was made by an Irishman named John Carr. 

After locating in Burlington Mr. Klein and his uncle opened a foundry, 
which they operated in connection with a machine shop for some years, when 
the partnership was dissolved. Mr. Klein then became connected with Frank 
McCnmber in the manufacture of plows and agricultural implements, and 
they remained together for a number of years, under the firm name of Mc- 
Cumber & Klein. During this time Mr. Klein constructed a mechanical mas- 
terpiece — what is known as a side hill plow. A German named Joseph Garicht, 
then residing in Racine, came to Burlington to explain the principles of the 
machine to Mr. Klein, who without any other guide and no model of any 
kind, to govern his work, completed a plow which Mr. Garicht claimed ex- 
celled any one here he had ever worked with. McCumber & Klein later asso- 
ciated with them Charles Leber, and Mr. McCumber later withdrawing from 
the firm, the firm name became Klein & Leber. This partnership was dissolved 
after several years, and Mr. Klein spent some time selling agricultural imple- 
ments on his own account. He then formed a partnership with J. H. Bower, 
who was operating a bottling works at Burlington, the firm trading under the 
name of J. H. Bower & Co. and continuing as such until Nov. 11, 1889, when 
Mr. Klein's son purchased Mr. Bower's interest. Since that time the style 
has been the F. G. Klein Company. Mr. Klein is president. Otto A. Klein, 
secretary, and F. X. Klein, treasurer. They occupy two buildings, L-shaped 
50x30 feet each, and two stories in height, situated on the corner of Pine and 
Mill streets. The buildings are steam-heated and equipped with the latest 
improvements, and the works is said to be the best in the State of Wisconsin. 
From eight to sixteen people are employed, and the product finds a ready sale 
all over this section of the country. 

Mr. Klein was married Feb. 4, 1862. to Miss Mary Ann Prasch, daughter 
of Philip and Barbara (Cleaver) Prasch, and to this union were born three 
sons and seven daughters, as follows : Celia Barbara, Mary Ann. Adelheit 
Josephine. Frank X., Philip J., Louisa Christina, Eleanora, Otto, Emma and 
T,v(iia. Celia Barbara married John G. Rose, who is the proprietor of a 
bakery in Burlington. Adelheit Josephine married Joseph Amend, and they 


reside at Milwaukee. Frank X. married Mamie Reuschlein. Philip is a 
Catholic priest in the Sacred Heart Congregation of St. Erancis, :Mil\vaukee. 

Mr. and Mrs. Klein are members of the Catholic Church in Burhngton. 
He belongs to the St. Eustachius and Sacred Heart Societies. While living 
in Racine Mr. Klein was drafted for the Civil war, being the first man drafted 
from Racine county, but owing to the severe sickness of his wife he was 
obliged to hire a substitute. Politically he is a Democrat, but in local affairs 
votes independently. He has been on the town board several times, and on 
the village board of trustees, and at present is supervisor from the Third 
ward in Burlington. He owns a fine tract of 146 acres in Walworth county, 
and lives at No. 728 McHenry street, Burlington. 

Mrs. Klein's parents were natives of Bavaria, and were early settlers of 
Racine county. They had two children, Mrs. Klein, and a son who died in 
infancy. Mrs. Klein's father died on his farm, which was located two miles 
south of Burlington, aged fifty-two years. Her mother passed away a number 
of years later, in her eightieth year. They were members of the Catholic 
Church. ■• 

WILLIAM R. TATE, city assessor of Racine, Wis., who resides at No. 
935 Grand avenue, is engaged in the sign painting business. He was born 
March 23, 1840, in Cleveland, Ohio, son of John C. and Sarah (Edge) Tate, 
natives of Carlisle, England. The grandfather was a stonemason contractor, 
and erected many bridges and viaducts in his day. He died when a young 
man, in 1819, he and his wife dying of cholera within a week. 

John C. Tate, the father of William R.. was a painter by trade, and, on 
coming to America, located in Cleveland, Ohio, where he was married to 
Sarah Edge, daughter of Samuel Edge, who died in Cleveland, Ohio, when 
aged over eighty years. He was a native of England, and followed farming. 
He and his wife, Emma, had a large family of children, all of whom are now 
deceased. Mr. Tate came to Wisconsin, first settling in Milwaukee, where 
he followed his trade for a number of years after which he went to farming, 
eighteen miles from Milwaukee and four miles west of Menomonee Falls, 
where in 1845 ^^ ^^^ purchased a farm of eighty acres for $100. This tract 
he improved, and he died there Aug. 16, 1888, aged seventy-five years, his 
widow surviving seven years, and being eighty-two years old at the time of 
her death. Both were Episcopalians. They had the following named chil- 
dren : William R., of Racine; Samuel E., of Milwaukee; George C. of Chi- 
cago; Rev. Colin C, an Episcopalian minister, who died March 3, 1904; and 
John Frank, also deceased. 

William R. Tate was but four years old when he came with his parents 
to Wisconsin, and he resided in Milwaukee until ten years old. Until he 
was fifteen years of age he attended school and worked on the farm, and then 
began to learn house, sign and wagon painting. He worked for four or five 
years in the car shops at Milwaukee, and came to Racine July 5, 1861, becom- 
ing foreman in the old Racine & Alississippi Railroad paint shops, in charge 
of the locomotive and passenger shops. There he remained twelve vears, 
and in 1873 entered the employ of the Mitchell & Lewis Comnany. being fore- 
man of their heavy and light work departments. With this firm lie remained 


six vears. leaving their employ in 1880 and starting in business on his own 
account, conducting one of the largest paint and oil houses in the city for 
nineteen years. Since then Mr. Tate has served as assessor in the summer 
season, and during the rest of the year does sign painting. 

^ir. Tate was married Nov. i, 1865, to Miss Mary A. Wright, daughter 
of Thomas W. and Angeline (Knowles) Wright, and two children were 
born to this union, Alice and Arthur. Alice, who was the wife of Walter A. 
Driver, died in 1899, leaving two children, Laura Marie and William Tate. 
Arthur is a paperhanger and painter. 

Mr. Tate is a member of St. Luke's Episcopal Church, while his wife is 
a Christian Scientist. He was made a Mason in 1865, and is a Master Mason, 
belonging to Racine Lodge, No. 18, F. & A. M., of which he has been master 
three times. This lodge numbers 250 members. Mrs. Tate and Mrs. Charles 
Washburn were the principal organizers of Racine Chapter, No. 45, Order 
of the Eastern Star, and Mrs. Tate was matron of the chapter the first two 
years : this chapter now has over 280 members. Politically Mr. Tate is a Re- 
publican, and besides having held the office of assessor for five years he has 
been alderman four years and school commissioner for a like period. 

Mrs. Tate's paternal grandfather was a native of England, while her ma- 
ternal grandfather, Ansel Knowles, was a native of New York and a Revo- 
lutionary soldier. He lived to be seventy-nine years old (dying at Lake Ge- 
neva), while his wife, Elizabeth Bostwick, died aged eighty-two years. They 
had a family of thirteen children. Mrs. Tate's father, Thomas W. Wright, 
was born in England, and her mother, Angeline Knowles, in Cayuga county, 
N. Y. Of their nine children, four are now living: Lydia, the wife of Mil- 
ton Kyes. of Hale, Mich.; Mary A., wife of William R. Tate; Isabel, the 
wife of Rudolph Weidaner, of Everett, Wash.; and Charles T., of Portland, 
Oregon. Thomas W. W'right was a wagonmaker. Coming from New York 
to Wisconsin with his wife and one child, he settled for a time in Lake Geneva, 
where Mrs. Tate was born. In the fall of 1843 he came to Racine with his 
family and settled on a little island in Root river, known as Kinzie Island, es- 
tablishing the first wagon factory in Racine, on Fourth and Chatham streets 
(now Lake avenue). There he manufactured wagons until 1849. He also 
built a brick bank building on the corner of Main and Fourth streets, now oc- 
cupied by the Fair store, in which William L. Ullmann's bank was located for 
some time. ]\Ir. Wright went to California overland in 1851, and engaged 
in the Ijutchering business in Sacramento. He returned to Racine in 1853, 
with a heavy belt of gold, and three months later returned to California by 
boat and again engaged in the butcher business. While there he was killed 
by a m-in named O'Mere, who escaped and was never caught, but on his death- 
bed sixteen vears later confessed the deed. Mrs. Wright died May 3. 1882, 
ao-ed sixty-five vears, the night of the big fire in Racine. ]\Ir. and Mrs. 
W^right were Episcopalians. 

WILLIAM E. HOYT. a highly esteemed citizen and nractical. well-to- 
do fnrmer of Section 9, Rochester township. Racine Co.. Wis., is a native of 
th-'t township, born Jan. 15. 1851. son of Hon. Franklin E. and Eunice D. 
(Emerson) Hoyt, natives of A^ermont. 




William S. Hoyt, the father of Franklin E. Hoyt, was a native of Ver- 
mont, and spent his boyhood days in the Green Mountain State, where he 
learned the trade of a carpenter and joiner. He married Miss Lucia R. Rus- 
sell, a native of Vermont. In 1837 he prospected in Wisconsin, and located 
a claim of 400 acres of wild land, after which he returned to his home in the 
East. Again in 1841 he came with his family to this State, and they began 
their domestic life in the West in a small frame house 14x20 feet. The near- 
est market at that time was Racine, and very wild and unsettled was the coun- 
try. Farming was carried on with very crude instruments as compared with 
the improved machinery of to-day, and when the harvests were gathered and 
taken to market, the prices obtained for the grains were often very low. ]Many 
experiences, such as make frontier life a difficult and wearisome one. were 
Ixirne by the family. In politics Mr. Hoyt was a stanch Democrat, supporting 
every candidate of the party from Andrew Jackson to Grover Cleveland; he 
held the office of supervisor and other local positions, yet cared little for public 
life, being content to devote his energies to his business. He died }ilarch 4, 
1887, at the age of nearly eighty-seven years, and was interred in the Roches- 
ter cemetery by the side of his wife, who had passed away Sept. 15. 1853. 
Their son, Franklin E., was the second in their family of four children. Of 
these Emeline, who died in February, 1903, was the wife of Nathaniel Moul- 
ton, a stone and brick mason, now deceased ; Fidelia M. is the wife of N. M. 
Simonds, a merchant doing business in Chicago and St. Louis ; Helen ^I. mar- 
ried Dr. A. B. Hill, and died in Rochester, Wis., in January, 1864. 

Franklin E. Hoyt was born March 16, 1824, in the town of Cabot, near 
Montpelier, Vt. His early education, acquired in the common schools, was 
supplemented by a course in the Cabot high school. By subsequent reading 
and study he became a gentleman of superior intelligence, and kept himself 
well informed on all the questions of the day. At the early age of fourteen 
years he began life for himself as an apprentice to the stone and brick mason's 
trade, his first wages being six dollars per month. Not long after attaining his 
majority he married Miss Eunice D. Emerson, a native of Vermont, their 
wedding being celebrated Dec. 30, 1847, and to theni were born two children : 
William E.. our subject; and Kittie, the wife of William Dalton, of Rochester 

Franklin E. Hoyt was one of the leading and influential citizens of Ra- 
cine county. When the countrv needed troops to aid in putting down the Re- 
bellion, as he was physically unable to go, he sent a man in his stead. He has 
always been identified with the Democratic party, his first vote being cast for 
Franklin Pierce, and in the positions he was called upon to fill he proved a 
valued and faithful officer. No man in the county, with one exception, ever 
served so long on the board of supervisors, and while connected therewith, 
his efforts for the public good gave to the county some institutions of which 
she may well be proud. During the first year of his service as a county super- 
visor there were two or three insane people in the jail, and Mr. Hoyt offered 
a resolution recommending the building of a suitable asylum for the insane. 
His idea was carried out, he being made a member of the building committee, 
and the insane asylum of Racine county became the first refuge of the kind in 
the State. He was also chairman of the committee on the luiilding and fur- 


nishing of the courthouse, and was a member of the committee which erected 
a home for the county sheriff. The work which he did for the county can 
hardly be estimated. His township, Rochester, has the finest roads in the 
State, and Mr. Hoyt was actively interested in the construction and repair of 
these for twelve years. Near his home ran the old plank road, which was once 
the principal highway between Janesville and Milwaukee. In 1859 and i860 
Mr. Hoyt represented his district in the State Legislature, and there formed 
many warm friendships among the most prominent men of the State. His 
official career was ever such as to win him the respect of even his political 
enemies, and in all instances he endeavored and did act for the best interests of 
the people in general. 

In 1850 Mr. Hoyt became a member of Friendship Lodge, Xo. 18, I. O. 
O. F.. of Rochester, filled all of the various offices, and for eighteen years was 
a member of the Grand Lodge. On the evening succeeding President Lin- 
coln's assassination he was initiated into the mysteries of Masonry, and he 
held membership with the Blue Lodge of Waterford and the Chapter of Lake 
Geneva. Both Mr. and Mrs. Hoyt were people of benevolence, freely aiding 
charities and ever ready to extend a helping hand to the poor and needy. They 
had a beautiful and commodious home in Rochester township, where hospi- 
tality reigned, and where the many friends of the family delighted to gather. 
The residence is situated in the midst of lovely grounds, beautifully improved, 
and the estate comprises 500 acres of highly improved land, which yields a 
golden tribute to the care and cultivation of the owner. The public and private 
life of Mr. Hoyt were alike above reproach. He had the confidence and esteem 
of all with whom he came in contact, and in all circles was regarded as an up- 
right and honorable man. He died March 8, 1893. 

William E. Hoyt was reared in Rochester township, on the farm, receiv- 
ing his education in the district schools and at Rocliester academy. After a 
term at the Jefferson Liberal Institute, he entered the employ of the Historical 
Atlas Company, and later returned to farming on the old home place, where 
he has since remained. In 1886 Mr. Hoyt was elected town clerk on the 
Democratic ticket, over a very strong opponent, and for the three succeeding 
years was again unanimously chosen for that ofifice, receiving every vote in the 
township. This not only indicates the efficiency with which he discharged his 
duties, but also attests to his great popularity among his fellow-townsmen. In 
the spring of 1891 Mr. Hoyt was unanimously elected chairman of the town 
board of supervisors, which position his father had vacated, and he discharged 
the duties of that office in a very satisfactory manner. Mr. Hoyt belongs to 
Temjile Lodge, No. 96, F. & A. M., and to the Modern Woodmen of America. 

On Dec. 12. 1872, Mr. Hoyt married Miss Irene Jackson, daughter of 
Joseph and Emily (Grant) Jackson, and three children were born to this 
union: Carrie, who married Frank Buchan, lives in Dover- township; May 
married F. R. Patterson, and they li\'e at Minneapolis, Minn.: and E. William 
lives at home. 

The- father of Mrs. Hoyt was born in England, and her mother in New 
York. They came to Racine county at an early day, and he followed shoe- 
making and general merchandising in Rochester for some years, dying there 
in 1902, aged seventy-eight years. His widow still survives. She is the 



mother of four children: Irene, the wife of Mr. Hoyt; Ella, the wife of 
Byron Hewitt, of Rockford, 111.; J. Ellsworth, of Rochester; and Fidelia, the 
wife of Elmer Haseltine, of Minneapolis, Minnesota. 

Mrs. William E. Hoyt's paternal grandfather, John Jackson, was a na- 
tive of England, and came to America with his family, settling at Poughkeep- 
sie, N. Y., about 1830. About 1845 ^^^ located in Rochester, Wis., and there 
died in middle life, his widow, Ann (Cocroft) Jackson, living to be over 
eighty years of age. They had a family of eight children, of whom three are 
deceased, the survivors being : George, of Cambridge, Conn. ; Abram, of Chi- 
cago; Richard, of Fairmount, Minn.; Ann, the widow of L. A. Codman, of 
Rochester„ Wis., and Emeline, wife of John Wyatt, of Iowa. 

Mrs. Eunice D. (Emerson) Hoyt, mother of William E. Hoyt, was born 
at Rochester. Vt., Feb. 24, 1825, and died at the old home where she and her 
husband settled in pioneer days, on Thursday evening, Nov. 2t,, 1905, after 
about a year's illness from general debility. Her father, Gen. Stillman Emer- 
son, formerly a director of the Vermont State militia, was a typical member of 
the celebrated Emerson family. Her mother's maiden name was Maria Griffin. 
Mrs. Hoyt was the third of six children, the second of whom, Mrs. Morris, 
survives her and is now living in Iowa ; she formerly resided at Franksville. 
Mrs. Hoyt removed with her parents to Adrian, Mich., in 1838, and two years 
later to Racine, and at the latter place, on Dec. 30, 1847, was united in mar- 
riage with Franklin E. Hoyt. As one of the early settlers her whole life was 
closely associated with the growth and development of the community. Dur- 
ing these many years she always exerted a wholesome influence for good, 
and her entire life was unselfishly spent in making happy and being helpful 
to those about her. Some years ago, when the Universalist Society had a place 
of worship in Rochester, she and her husband were active in its support. Her 
funeral, held Sunday, Nov. 26, 1905, from her late residence, was one of the 
largest ever attended in Rochester, and was a testimony of the esteem and re- 
spect in which she was held. 

WILLIAM ROBERT PURVIS, an influential farmer of Waterford 
township, Racine county, is engaged in cultivating his tract of fine land on 
Section 17. He was born in Vernon township, Waukesha county, March 6. 
1859, son of William and Mary (Fulton) Purvis, natives of Scotland. 

William Purvis, the paternal grandfather of our subject, was a native 
of Scotland, where he died in middle life, a farmer. He and his wife had a 
large family, all of whom are now deceased. 

Robert Fulton, the maternal grandfather of William Robert Purvis, was 
a native of Scotland, from which country he came to America, settling in 
Vernon township, Waukesha county, where he engaged in farming until his 
death, at an old ag'e. His wife, who bore him a large familv. died in middle 

William Purvis, father of William Robert, was a farmer in his native 
country, and on locating in America purchased a farm in Vernon townshio. 
Waukesha county, being one of tlie early settlers of that section. There he 
spent the remainder of his life, dying in 1891, aged sixty-seven years, his 
wife having passed away two weeks previously, aged sixty-nine years. 


both in Uie failh of the rresbylei ian Church. They had six children: I\liss 
Belle, oi the inuiistnal Sclioui lor Boys in Waukesha, a teacher; Christie, 
wiie oi Charles Clark, of \\ aterlord township; Alary, wife of iVioses R. iVic- 
I'arland, of Genesee, Waukesha county; William Robert; and Sarah and 
Jane (twins), the former the deceased wile ol Clement \ an \ alin, and the 
latter the wite of Andrew i^oat, of California. 

W illiam Robert Rurvis was reared on the farm in \'ernon township and 
attentled the district schools, living at home until his eighteenth year. He 
then worked out for seven years on farms, then renting a farm for one year, 
after wdiich he purchased his present farm, which consists of 200 acres, and 
here he has continued to live to the present time, having made his farm one 
of the finest cultivated ones in the county. 

On Jan. i, 1884, Mr. William R. Rurvis married Miss Euphemia Gree- 
ley, daughter of Warren and Catherine (Muckey) Greeley. Mr. and Mrs. 
Purvis are members of the Methodist Church, he being a steward and trustee 
thereof, and superintendent of the Sunday school for twelve years. In his 
political sympathies Mr. Purvis is a Prohibitionist. Warren Greeley was a 
native of Vermont and his wife of New York. They were early settlers of 
Racine county, where Mr. Greeley was an honored and influential citizen for 
almost half a century. The family is extensively mentioned in the sketch of 
Horace C. Greeley, of Waterford. 

Mr. William R. Purvis has done much toward developing his locality, 
and his farm is one of the finest to be. found in the county. Fitted with all 
modern machinery, carefully managed and personally superintended by Mr. 
Purvis, it has been very productive, and yearly yields its owner fine crops. 

WILLIAM HILKER, of Racine, one of the men who have done much to 
bring the brick industry to the place of importance which it now occupies 
among the various industrial enterprises of that city, is of German descent, 
and was born in W'estphalia, Germany, July 17, 1843. 

Mr. Hilker's father, a farmer by occupation, died before the son was born. 
His mother. Henriette Hilker, brought up her family of four sons in Germany, 
but when they were all grown accompanied them to America, crossing the At- 
lantic in the fall of 1867. They settled in Racine, where the mother died Oct. 
27, 1889, when in her eighty-eighth year. She and her husband belonged to 
the German Reformed Church, but after coming to America Mrs. Hilker united 
with the Evangelical Association. Only two of her sons are now living, 
Henry (of ^Milwaukee) and William. 

\Villiam Hilker lived in Germany until he was twenty-four years of age. 
and received a good public-school education. He learned brickmaking, and 
after coming to Racine, in 1867, he worked by the day for a wdiile, but in 1872, 
in company with his brother Adolph, F. H. Haumersen and two others, he 
started a brickyard at Cedar Bend, Racine. The venture was a profitable one. 
and the plant has been much increased in capacity. William Hilker still con- 
ducts the business. He and his brother bought out the other interests and were 
in partnership until the death of Adolph Hilker, in 1900, after which the lat- 
ter's widow continued to hold her husband's interest, but left the active man- 
agement in William Hilker's hands. Air. Hilker is also connected with two 



otlier yards, one situated at the foot of North Main street and the other at 
Wind Point, tln-ee miles from Racine. In the two places about sixty men are 
employed in the manufacture of the cream-colored, pressed and common brick. 

Mr. Hilker was married, in November, 1867, to ]\Iiss Jtlinnie Hebrock, by 
whom he had three children: (i) William F., the eldest, is a manufacturer 
of overalls and shirts, and his father is a partner in the enterprise. He married 
Miss Ida Schwendener, and has four children, Tusnelda, Harry, Roy and 
Carlton. (2) Mary married Eugene Erny, and has four children, Eugene, 
Jeannette, Florence and William. (3) Anna died when a little more than four 
years old. The mother of these children died in 1873, when thirty-seven years 
old. She was a member of the Evangelical Association. 

■ On Sept. 9, 1873, Mr. Hilker was united in marriage to his second wife, 
whose maiden name was Miss Julia Kehnan, and whose parents, John and 
Mary (Hummel) Kehnan, were both natives of Germany. Her father was 
a farmer, and he and his wife settled about ten miles from Mihvaukee, where 
Mrs. Hilker was born. Her parents remained fourteen years in that locality, 
of which they were among the first settlers, when Mr. Kehnan sold his property 
and removed to Barden, Wis., where he continued to reside as a farmer. Both 
he and his wife were esteemed members of the Lutheran Church, the husband 
being prominent in the community and a highly respected citizen. 

By his second marriage William Hilker became the father of eleven chil- 
dren, namely : Minnie, who married John Wichers. and has four children, 

Junior, Alice, Jerome and ; Frederick, for some time a bookkeeper in his 

father's office, who married Miss Hannah Koch, and has one child, Mildred ; 
Lydia, who married Oscar Wicker ; Clara ; Bertha, deceased in her fourth year ; 
Charlie, who died before he was three years old; Benjamin; Alfred; Nettie; 
Walter ; and one who died in infancy. 

Before leaving Germany Mr. Hilker served in the regular army there 
and was in active service in the Prussian war of 1866. As an American citi- 
zen Mr. Hilker long supported the Republican party, but has changed in recent 
years to the Prohibition party, believing that the principles upheld by that 
party tend to promote the country's best welfare. Mrs. Hilker is a member 
of the Baptist Church, but her husband belongs to the Church of Christ. He 
is a man of true Christian character, who believes in honoring the Lord above 
men. His uprightness of action and integrity of purpose are recognized by all 
who know him, and he commands the highest respect. He and his wife have 
lived for many years in a handsome brick house which he owns, at No, 1430 
West Sixth street, and he is recognized as a noteworthy representative of the 
sturdy German-American who, while he has earned worldly-success by manly 
self-reliance, is at the same time an earnest and positive Christian. 

MASSENA B. ERSKINE was one of that group of men who. by their 
extensive commercial operations, were n-tainly instrumental in bringing Ra- 
cine from the obscurity of a country town to the position of an important 
manufacturing center and shipping point. As superintendent and vice-presi- 
dent of the world-renowned J. I. Case Threshing Machine Company, he was 
intimatelv identified with the prosperity of that concern, and thus with the 
prosperity of the city in which it was located. But he did not content him- 


self with being an indirect factor in the welfare of the place. He exerted a 
wholesome influence in its affairs almost from the time of his settlement there, 
an influence which, in many respects, will go on for years to come. As a man 
among men with whom he had to prove his individual worth he made a mark 
and was called self-made. Undoubtedly he was, in a financial sense, but if he 
had no capital to start with he had what is less easily obtained, an honored 
name and a character which came to him untarnished through generations of 
ancestors whose pride was in the mental and moral strength typical of the 
sons of Scotland and the early settlers of New England. It was his pride to 
maintain that name and character in undiminished honor in every relation of 

The Erskine family was foundetl in America by the traditional "three 
brothers," who came from Scotland early in the seventeenth century and made 
a settlement in Massachusetts. John Erskine, the grandfather of Massena B. 
Erskine, was a native of Winchester, Cheshire Co., N. H., which is not far 
north of the Massachusetts line, and thence migrated to Oswego county, N. 
Y. He was a pioneer in that region, and there spent the remainder of his long 
life, attaining the ripe old age of ninety-two years. 

Walter Erskine, son of John, was also born in Winchester, X. H., and 
married ^largaret Bowen, a native of Richmond, in the same county. She 
was a daughter of Zephaniah Bowen, who was born Oct. lo, 1776, in Rich- 
mond, whither his father, Thomas Bowen, moved from Rhode Island in 1767. 
Mr. Erskine died leaving his wife with one son and two daughters. 

!\Iassena B. Erskine was born Dec. 19, 1819, in Royalston, Worcester 
Co., ^lass., and passed his early life in his native State. It differed from that 
of the average New England youth in that he had few advantages for educa- 
tion, for though he was only a boy when his father died he was the main sup- 
port of the family. At the age of fifteen he was apprenticed by his mother to 
learn the shoemaker's trade, but business became so dull that he was thrown 
out of employment before the end of his term, and he never went back to 
that line of work. His next experience was as apprentice to a carpenter and 
builder of Westford, Mass., and he completed his apprenticeship and worked 
at the trade in that place until 1847, when in partnership with another man he 
took up the business of manufacturing wood-working machinery. This was 
not to be for long, however. Mr. Erskine was one of the first to succumb to 
the gold fever, being one of the "argonauts of '49" who made the trip by sail- 
ing vessel from Boston to San Francisco, around the Horn. He secured work 
in a shipyard, where steamboats were built and refitted for use on the Sacra- 
mento and San Joaquin rivers, and soon became superintendent. In the fall 
of 1850 he returned to Massachusetts, intending to take his family \.o Cali- 
fornia for permanent residence, this plan being frustrated by circumstances 
upon which he had not counted. Thus it was that in 1852 he came to Racine, 
wliere he had his home for over forty years, until his death. 

}*Ir. Erskine's connection with the Case works began shortlv after his 
arrival in Racine, and before long he was placed in charge of the mechanical 
dqxartment. When, in 1863, the firm of J. I. Case & Co. was formed, Mr. 
Erskine was one of the three men represented by the "Co.", the others being 
Robert H. Baker and Stephen Bull. The mere fact of his long-continued 
association in business with three such men as Mr. Case, Mr. Baker and Mr. 


Bull would be enough to stamp him as possessed of remarkable strength and 
talents of the highest order. The concern was reorganized in 1880 as the J. I. 
Case Threshing Machine Company. For many years, throughout the period 
of its phenomenal growth, Mr. Erskine filled die position of superintendent 
of the establishment, and at a meeting of the directors held Jan. 14, 1892, was 
elected vice-president of the company, holding that office until his death. 
These responsibilities showed the caliber and resource of the man. His 
duties as suijerintendent enlarged constantly, but none too rapidly for his pro- 
gressive spirit, which set the pace rather than kept it. The factory became 
the most extensive of the kind throughout the world, and Mr. Erskine did his 
full share in the work of upbuilding. Extreme executive ability w'as the 
special recjuisite of the successful incumbent of the superintendency in such a 
large institution, and he was never found wanting. Reliable in the disposi- 
tion of ordinary routine work, he was always resourceful and could be de- 
pended upon in an emergency. He was always ecjual to his share of the bur- 
den. There is no doubt that his early training in self-help had its effect all 
through his life in that he had a habit of doing what was to be done without 
thought of assistance from others. He was never afraid of hard work, and 
in spite of the fact that he was a fine manager there was hard work for him to 
do. During his incumbency as superintendent the working force grew from 
twenty-five hands to about a thousand, and the value of the product from 
$75,000 to alx)ut $2,000,000. 

Mr. Erskine, besides his connection with the Case company, was inter- 
ested in a number of business enterprises of this section of the State, and by 
wise investments and good judgment he became a wealthy man. In 1885 he 
became connected with the Racine Wagon & Carriage Company, of which he 
served as president ; he was one of the incorporators of the Manufacturers 
National Bank of Racine in 1872, and was interested in that institution as a 
director and stockholder until his death, being elected president Jan. 13, 1892; 
he was president of the First National Bank of Fargo, N. Dak., and a director 
of the First National Bank of Burlington, Wis., from its organization (it was 
afterward reorganized as a State bank, Mr. Erskine becoming vice-president). 
Mr. Erskine was identified with the administration of municipal affairs 
and wdth enterprises calculated to prove beneficial to the general public, giving 
of both time and means to the furtherance of worthy projects. That he took 
time for official service is an evidence of public spirit and real interest not 
often found in men of his class. He cared enough about the way public duties 
should be discharged to serve as school commissioner and member of the 
board of supervisors, and for four terms — 1869, 1870, 1871 and 1880 — filled 
the mayor's chair, being more frequently honored in that respect than any 
other citizen of Racine. His charities were comprehensive and he gave with 
a liberal hand, though unostentatiously. He served five years as treasurer 
and member of the board of directors of the Taylor Orphan Asylum. In the 
support of objects of public pride he was ever among the foremost. He 
headed the subscription list for the soldiers' monument which stands in Monu- 
ment Sc|uare with a contribution of $1,000, and when, at the end of the time 
specified, it was found that $1,500 was lacking, he was one of three generous 
citizens (the other two being W. T. Lewis and Dr. T- G. ]\Ieacham, Sr.) 


A\ho made good the requireil aniuvint. This tribute to the menKjry of the old 
soldiers is highly prized by them and by the citizens of Racine generally, and 
nothing could have touched the people more than his liberality in a cause so 
dear to them. During the Civil war Mr. Erskine aided the Union liberally in 
raising and equipping troops, and his eldest son died while in the service. He 
was a stanch Republican after the formation of the party, and originally sup- 
ported the Whig principles. 

Mr. Erskine was married, in Westford, Mass., April 7, 1841, to Miss 
Susan Perry, a native of Natick, Mass., and one of the ten children of William 
and Hannah Perry. Both her parents were lineal descendants of Henry Le- 
land, the founder of his family in America, who came to this country in the 
year 1652. Five children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Erskine: Susan E. is 
deceased; Freeman W. enlisted May 14, 1864, in Company F, 39th Wis. V. 
I., and died in Memphis, Tenn., July 8, 1864, of typhoid and malarial fever; 
Charles E. is a- prominent business man of Racine; Emma is the wife of W. 
H. Crosby, of Racine; Flora A. is the wife of Herbert E. Miles, president of 
the Racine-Sattley Company. The Erskine home, at No. 1042 I^Iain street, 
Racine, is a magnificent residence. Mr. Erskine died there in May, 1904, 
Mrs. Erskine in June, 1902. She was a Presbyterian in religious connection. 

OSSIAN MARSH PETTIT, ex-mayor of Kenosha, whose active and 
useful life was brought to an abrupt close Feb. 22, 1906, was one of those pub- 
lic-spirited, progressive citizens whose loss is distinctly felt in the community. 
He was a Kenosha county "boy, born and bred, and he gave his entire life to 
the county. He was a son of the late Hon. Milton H. Pettit and Caroline 
(Marsh) Pettit, and was born in the town of Somers on June 28, 1854. 
When lie was ten months old his parents moved to Kenosha, where he re- 
ceived his early education in the public schools. While still a youth he spent 
several years in Madison, as a page in the State Senate, of which his father 
was a member. After several years as page Mr. Pettit entered the University 
of Wisconsin. At the end of his third year, owing to his father's death, he 
was obliged to give up his education and return to Kenosha to take charge 
of the business interests of the M. H. Pettit Malting Company. In 1885 Mr. 
Pettit became the vice-president of the company, and he held this position for 
many years. His business took him to every State in tiie Union and to Old 

On Oct. 25, 1877, in Kenosha, Mr. Pettit was united in marriage to Miss 
Alma Elizabeth Robinson, daughter of the late Frederick Robinson. Mrs. 
Pettit and three sons. Milton H., Frederick R. and Bertholf M., survive. 

The official career of Mr. Pettit was one of lasting impression upon the 
public life of the city. In politics he was a stanch Republican, and although 
Kenosha had been Democratic for years he had no difficulty in being elected 
mayor for four terms. His administration was marked by rapid municipal 

Fraternally Mr. Pettit was a thirty-second-degree Mason, a member of 
Kenosha Lodge, F. & A. M., Kenosha Chapter, R. A. M., Racine Command- 
ery. Knights Templar. Wisconsin Consistory, A. A. S. R., and Tripoli Tem- 
ple. A. A. O. N. :M. S. ; he also belonged to the B. P. O. Elks and Modern 
Woodmen of America. 


HUGH SMYTEI SPEAR was in his day one of the notaljle men of 
Kenosha, and though he passed away twenty years ago, in 1886, he is re- 
memhered by many who enjoyed social or business relations with him. His 
high character, acti\e intellect and sincere friendliness of disposition were 
consistent with a personal make-up of unusual attractiveness, winning him 
esteem and admiration wherever he went. Mr. Spear was a typical Irish gen- 
tleman, well educated, and with pleasing manners and a quick wit which made 
him a social acquisition in every community where he lived. He was born 
about 1813 in Baillieborough, County Cavan, Ireland, and there passed his 
boyhood and early youth. When about fourteen years old, being an orphan, 
he was sent to America by his eldest brother, and in this country he first re- 
sided with a Mr. Tobin. at Canandaigua, N. Y. He was married in 1835 at 
Buffalo to Asenath MacBride, a Scotchwoman, and there they resided 
for some years, moving West in about 1850. Settling in the city of Chicago, 
111., Mr. Spear first ran a restaurant on Lake street, under the old "Tremont 
House," and afterward purchased the ground at Nos. 83-85 State street, 
where he opened what was known as the Washington Coffee House. It is an 
interesting fact that this property, for which he paid but $7,000 is now in the 
heart of the retail district in Chicago, and a most valuable bit of real estate, 
being in the center of the State street side of the site of the present retail 
store of Marsliall Field & Co. It is still owned, however, by Mr. Spear's 
heirs, his grandchildren. 

•Mr. Spear continued in business in Chicago until about 1859, when he 
removed to Kenosha, Wis., which place was ever afterward his home. He 
lived retired from active business from the time of his settlement there, and 
managed his interests to such good purpose that he was possessed of consid- 
erable means at the time of his death, although he lost in the Chicago fire 
everything he owned with the exception of his land. 

Mr.' Spear was a man of ability and of fine social attainments, possessing 
the quick intellect and keen wit peculiar to his nationality, and the winning 
manners of one who was a gentleman at heart as well as by training. His 
wife shared his popularity and reputation for general hospitality, and her fine 
dinners were proverbial. Mr. Spear was a man of fine appearance, erect in 
bearing, genial to all he met, and exceedingly entertaining in conversation. He 
was noted for his public spirit, his willingness to aid all worthy projects — 
whether intended to promote the general welfare or private charities. He and 
his wife were members of St. Matthew's Episcopal Church, Kenosha. 

Mr. Spear died in 1886. surviving his wife, who was born in 1807. and 
died in 1874. They had but one child, Ellen Jane, who was born in 1837. 
Ellen Spear received a thorough education, and was a graduate of a seminary 
in New Haven, Conn., having acquired manv accomplishments. In 1859 she 
became the wife of Julius Demmond Haven, of Buffalo. N. Y., and they be- 
came the parents of seven children, only two of whom survive, namely : Fran- 
cesca R., Mrs. John M. Kehlor, of Kenosha: and Hugh Spear Haven, of Chi- 
cago. The deceased were as follows: Ellen E., a graduate of Kemper Hall, 
Kenosha, died when a yotmg ladv: Dot Morris, born in 1871, died in 1888: 
Julius Demmond, Jr., born in 1873, died in 1890; Henry S., born in 1875, 
died in 1876: Josephine N., born in 1880. died the same vear. 

The Haven family has been identified with Kenosha since the marriage 


ef Julius Demnidiul Haven to Ellen Jane Spear, th<jugli Mr. Haven spent the 
greater part uf his lime in St. Paul, where he had his headquarters as chief 
clerk of the Department of the Northwest, U. S. A. He was in the real estate 
business until after the Civil war, when he became connected with the War 
Department as chief clerk under Col. Reese, of Ohio. He continued in the 
service of the department until his death, which occurred in 1880, in Jackson- 
ville, Fla., whither he had gone on a visit from Kenosha; lie was born in 1835. 
Mrs. Haven did not long survive him, passing away in f884. The deceased 
members of the Spear and Haven families are all buried in the same lot m the 
Kenosha cemetery, and a handsome monument marks the place. 

HON. NICHOLAS DILLER PRATT, of Racine, has been practically 
retired for the past ten years, though he still retains the presidency of the First 
National Bank of that city. In his active years he was prominent in pulilic af- 
fairs as well as in. business circles, and in the formative period of Wisconsin 
was interested in many enterprises which have helped to place his State fore- 
most among the most progressive in the L'nion. Pie has lived here since the 
early forties. 

Mr. Pratt was born Jan. 25, 1825, in the town of Watervliet, Albany Co., 
N. Y.. and his parents, Jacob and Catherine (Miller) Pratt, were also natives 
of that State. Their family consisted of seven children, two sons and five 
daughters, six of whom still survive, viz. : Eliza, deceased : Catherine, widow 
of John Ayers, of Racine: Nicholas Diller, of Racine; Prancis, of Sacramento, 
Cal. ; Gertrude, a widow ; Sarah, Mrs. Merrill, a widow, of Chicago ; and Julia, 
wife of Enoch Strother, of Virginia City, Nev. Jacob Pratt migrated from 
New York to Wisconsin and spent the rest of his life in Racine, dying there 
some time in the sixties, at an advanced age. 

The paternal grandparents of Nicholas Diller Pratt were farming people. 
Their family consisted of three sons and three daughters. Nicholas Aliller, the 
maternal grandfather, was a native of New York State and a farmer by oc- 
cupation : he had several sons and daughters. 

About 1842 Nicholas Diller Pratt came to Racine, where he carried on a 
market until 1855. He then moved to a farm in Mt. Pleasant township, re- 
maining there until 1893 and finally returning to Racine. He was one of the 
organizers of the Racine County Bank and was President of same during its 
later years. In 1864 it was organized as the Pirst National Bank ctf which he 
has ever since been president, a fact which speaks highly for the opinion his 
associates hold of his integrity and business ability. Mr. Pratt has served in 
numerous local positions of trust, and in the early sixties was State senator. 
His interest and activity extended to manv enterprises calculated to bring bene- 
fit to future generations as well as immediate good, and he served many years 
as president of the State Agricultural Society, and of the Racine County Agri- 
cultural Society, and was a member of the Board of Regents of the State Uni- 
versity. He retired about ten years ago from all business activity except the 
presidency of the bank. 

Mr. Pratt married Miss Elsie Duffes. a native of Scotland, daughter of 
John and Elsie Duffes. also natives of that country, who came to America and 
first settled in New York, migrating thence to Racine county about 18 11. 
Mr. Duffes located on a farm in the town of Dover, remaining there until a 

• C0MME:\[0RATIVE biographical record. 279 

short time prior to his death, when he moved into the village of Union Grove. 
There he passed away at an advanced age. He was quite a prominent man in 
the county, and held various offices, at one time serving as county treasurer. 

Eight children were born to the union of Nicholas Diller and Elsie 
(Duffes) Fratt, five sons and three daughters, as follows: Mary, now the 
widow of A. J. Webster, of Redlands, Cal. ; Alfred, who died aged four years; 
Frank, who died when one year old ; Gertrude, deceased, who was the wife of 
W. S. Mellen; George N., of Racine, cashier of the First National Bank; 
Clara, wife of W. T. Griffith, of Racine; Frederick \V., of Oklahoma City; 
and Charles D., of Everett. Wash. The mother of this family died in j\Iay, 
1890, at the age of about sixty-three years. She was a member of the Uni- 
versalist Church, to which Air. Fratt also belongs. 

On Feb. 23, 1893, Mr. Fratt married Miss Eva Jeardeau, daughter of 
Paul and Sarah (Nettle) Jeardeau. Paul Jeardeau was a native of France, 
but came early to this country, growing to manhood in \'incennes, Ind. From 
Indiana he moved to Wisconsin, first locating in Platteville, where he married, 
and thence moving to Dodgeville, where he enlisted at the breaking out of 
the Civil war in Company C, 31st Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry; he became 
first lieutenant, and remained in the service throughout the conflict. After the 
war. however, he returned to Platteville, which has ever since been his home. 
He learned the blacksmith's trade in early life, and followed it until the war. 

On Nov. 17, 1844, Mr. Jeardeau was united in marriage with Sarah Net- 
tle, a native of Liverpool, England, daughter of Stephen Nettle, also a native 
of England, who came to America and died soon afterward, in 
Pennsylvania. The married life of Mr. and Mrs. Jeardeau has extended 
over the remarkable period of sixty-one years. They became the parents of 
thirteen children, seven sons and six daughters, eight of whom still survive: 
Margie Elizabeth, widow of T. J. Colburn, of National City. Cal. : Eva, wife 
of Nicholas D. Fratt ; Louis G., of Rockland, Cal. ; Stephen Nettle, of Clover- 
dale, Cal.; Catherine Irene, wife of George Hall, of Ottumwa, Iowa: Miss 
Lucy, of Platteville, Wis. : Paul, of North Dakota ; and Miss Helen Neeley, 
who is at home with her parents in Platteville. 

WILLIAM H. PUGH, a highly esteemed resident of Racine. Wis., is 
extensively engaged in business in that city, where he was born June 2, 1854, 
son of James and Jeannette (Hughes) Pugh, natives of Wales. The parents 
of our subject had twelve children, eight of whom grew to maturity, and are 
still living: Eleanor, wife of John R. Jones, of Racine; Captain John, of 
Racine: Jeannette, wife of L. E. Williams, of Racine: Margaret, wife of 
Richard Peat, of Racine: William H. : James, of Brooklyn, N. Y, ; and Arthur 
and George, of Racine. 

Arthur Pugh, the grandfather of our subject, was a native of Wales, 
who came to America and settled in Racine, Wis., at a very early day, dying 
there in i860, aged seventy years. His son. James, was but eighteen years 
old wlien he came to America, and engaged in the lumber business. In 18.SO 
he went to California, and spent a year or two in gold mining at Marvsville. 
after which he returned to Racine, purchased a vessel, and followed shipping. 
His vessel was wrecked in a storm, and Mr. Pugh gave up shipping, engag- 
ing for some time in teaming. In 1859 he started to Pike's Peak overland, but 

28o co.m:\ie:\iorative biographical record. 

abaiuloned the irip and returned home, farming until 1861. In this ye:ir he 
again located in Racine and re-engaged in teaming, following this occupation 
for some years. He died May 31, 1892, aged about seventy years, while his 
wife passed away about two years later, aged jt,. They were members of 
the Welsh Presbyterian Church. 

William H. Pugh has resided in Racine all of his life. He obtained his 
education in the public grammar and high schools, completing his literary 
training in April, 1873. In the following July he commenced work in a gro- 
cery and then entered the employ of 'I. M. Hill & Co., working in the coal 
office. On Jan. 23, 1880 Mr. Pugh bought out Mr. Hill's interest in the busi- 
ness, and conducted it, in partnership with J. L. \\'heat, under the firm name 
of Wheat & Pugh. until 1887. Since that year :\Ir. Pugh has conducted the 
business on his own account. Altogether, he has been in the business for 
thirty-one years. ]Mr. Pugh brings his coal by way of the Great Lakes, from 
Pennsylvania, and owns a vessel, which he uses in wood and lumber shipping, 
employing in all about forty persons. Mr. Pugh was married June 17, 1886, 
to Miss Charlotte Jones, daughter of John A. and Avrina (Jones) Jones, 
and to this union were born four children : William Harold. Avrina Jean- 
nette. Bertha Margaret, and one who died in infancy. 

Mrs. Pugh is a Presbyterian. Fraternally Mr. Pugh belongs to the 
Royal Arcanum, the Royal League and the Modern Woodmen. Politically 
he is a Republican, and for one term he was alderman of the Third ward. 
He owns a beautiful home at No. 827 Main street. Mr. Pugh was connected 
officially with the Racine Malleable and Wrought Iron Works for twelve 
years, and later with the Dickey Manufacturing Company, but has now sold 
his interests in these concerns. Mr. Pugh is one of the prominent wealthy 
and influential men of Racine, and has attained his present position through 
his own industry and good management, as he started life emptyhanded. He 
is very public spirited, and takes a lively interest in the welfare of his native 

ADOLPH W'. HILKER, a prominent brick manufacturer of Racine, 
is a native-born American but a descendant of German parentage, and 
possesses many of those sterling qualities which have made the German race 
what it is to-day, and which render those who have emigrated to the Ameri- 
can Commonwealth one of the most substantial elements of its prosperity. 
Mr. Hilker was born in Racine Dec. 25. 1867. son of Adolph and Caroline 
(Broeker) Hilker. Frederick Hilker, the paternal grandfather, lived only to 
middle age, dying in his native country. His wife, Henriette, lived to be 
eighty-one years old, and passed the final period of her life in Racine, where 
she died Oct. 2y, 1889, in her eighty-eighth vear. There were four sons in 
the family. 

Adolph Hilker was employed in various brick manufactories. He re- 
mained in Germany until after his marriage, and in September. 1867, emi- 
grated from the Fatherland and located in Racine. Without money, but mas- 
ter of his trade, he continued there in his old-time occupation, and finally saved 
a sufficient fund to establish a brick manufactory of his own. In 1872, in as- 
sociation with his brother William, and several others, he started a brickyard 




at Cedar Bend, Wis., which, with his own manufactory at Racine, proved a 
fortunate business venture. At the time of his death, May 22, 1900, Adolph 
Hilker left a good competency, and a straightforward, irreproachable reputa- 

Mr. Hilker married Miss Caroline Broeker, also of German birth, daugh- 
ter of Frederick and Minnie (Brand) Broeker, the former of whom died in 
Germany when over fifty years of age. Mrs. Hilker had one sister and one 
brother. To her and Mr. Hilker were born eight children, all of whom are 
living, namely: Adolph W. ; H. August; Henry; Pauline; Gustav; Emily, 
wife of Dr. P. Brown; Edward; and John T. The parents were both members 
of the Evangelical Association, and very devout Christians. Mr. Hilker held 
various church offices. He was a man of unusually upright life, and was 
highly esteemed as a citizen. 

Adolph W. Hilker grew up in Racine and there received his education, 
attending first the public schools and then taking a course in a business college. 
His schooling completed he went into his father's brickyard, and became 
thoroughly familiar with the details of the business, working with him until 
the elder Mr. Hilker died. He was thus prepared for entering upon a simi- 
lar enterprise, as one of the firm of Hilker Bros. Brick Manufacturing Com- 
pany, a corporation which was founded in 1893. William Hilker. Sr., is presi- 
dent, Adolph W. secretary and treasurer, and H. August vice-president. The 
company employs about seventy-five men, and has an annual output of over six 
million bricks, the varieties embraced being cream-colored, pressed and com- 
mon. Mr. Hilker was president for two years of the Brick Manufacturers As- 
sociation of Wisconsin. He is connected with the Fiebrich, Fox, Hilker Shoe 
Company, manufacturers of gentlemen's shoes. Both the concerns with which 
Mr. Hilker has been identified have been very prosperous, and he is a man of 
consideralile wealth. Politically he is a strong Republican, but has not been 
particularly active in local affairs, although he served one term as township 

On Nov. 7, 1895, Mr. Hilker was united in marriage with Miss Emilie 
Buscher, daughter of Carl and Bertha ( Wickesberg) Butcher, and they are the 
parents of one daughter. Luella D. Both he and his wi^-" are prominent mem- 
bers of the Evangelical Church, and ^Nlr. Hilker is superintendent of the Sun- 
day-school. The family residence, which is at No. 19 14 North Main street, 
was erected by Mr. Hilker in 1905, and is commodious, convenient and strictly 
modern in construction and appliances. 

HERBERT E. MILES, president of the Racine-Sattley Manufacturing 
Company, of Racine, Wis., is one of the dominating men in the business world 
of that prosperous city, and the great organization of which he is the head and 
front stands ouf prominently in the great industries of the State. 

Mr. Miles was bom at Waupaca. Wis., Nov. 21, i860, a son of Henry and 
Harriet (Roberts) Miles, the former of whom was born in New Hampshire, 
of old New England ancestry, and the latter in Shropshire, England, of Eng- 
lish-Welsh parentage. The two children of their marriage were Herbert E. 
and his brother. Rev. Henry R. Miles, of Brattleboro, Vermont. 

The paternal grandfather of Mr. Miles was Humphrey Miles, a native of 
Vermont. He was a lay preacher in the Methodist Church. He was twice 


married, aiul died at tlie age of seventy years, at Mason City, Iowa. The ma- 
ternal grandfather, Robert R. Roberts, was born at Llangollen, Wales, and 
about 1840 came to Racine, Wis., where he entered into the employ of Lee & 
Dixon, in the mercantile line. Later he removed to Waupaca, Wis., where he 
entered into business for himself, becoming the principal figure in the various 
activities of the town. He married Elizabeth Jones, born at "The Moat," at 
Newtown, Shropshire, England. The father of Robert R. Roberts was John 
Roberts, also of Llangollen. 

In tracing the Miles ancestry it is seen that for several hundred years the 
family has been one of prominence and stability in New England. The founder 
was John Miles, a native of old England. It has kindrerl among many other 
distinguished families of the United States, particularly of New England. 
The grandmother three generations back was an Adams, a close relative ot 
John Adams, who in 1796 was elected President of the United States. 

Henry Miles, father of Herbert Edwin Miles, was a banker, merchant 
and manufacturer at Waupaca, Wis., and was closely ide.itified with all the 
leading interests of that place. His death in 1866, at the early age of forty- 
three years, was the result of an accident. He is survived by his widow, who 
resides at Chicago, 111. She is a member of the M. E. Church, as was her hus- 

Herbert Edwin ]\Iiles completed the high school course at Waupaca in 
1876, and then entered Lawrence L'niversity, at Appleton. Wis., where he was 
graduated in 1882. subsequently taking up postgraduate work at Harvard. In 
1884 he turned his attention to business and came to Racine, having declined 
a tempting offer of a college presidency. Here he accepted the position of treas- 
urer with the Racine Wagon & Carriage Company, and continued with that 
company until 1894. in the meantime efficiently filling the various positions of 
responsibility. In 1894. upon the death of his father-in-law. Massena B. 
Erskine. he was made president of the company, a position for which he is 
eminently qualified and which he has filled ever since. 

In 1903 the company was merged into the Racine-Sattley Company, of 
Springfield, 111., the combination producing one of the three largest manufac- 
turing companies of its kind in the world. The products of this company go 
to every civilized part of the globe, these being a full line of wagons and 
vehicles of all kinds and descriptions, plows, harrows and agricultural imple- 
ments. Their three factories are located at Racine, Wis., and at Springfield. 
111., and they have branch hoitses in all important distributing localities. They 
give employment to large bodies of labor, from nine hundred to one thousand 
workmen being employed at the Racine works, and tlie Springfield works hav- 
ing few less. The business now amounts to something like five million dollars 
a year and. comparatively speaking, it is only in its infancy. 

While the duties incident to his position as president of this vast corpora- 
tion are of an absorbing character, Mr. Miles is a man of method and has 
found time to give his attention to a number of other concerns in which he is 
financially or otherwise interested. He is president of the National Bank at 
Waupaca ; is connected with the W^aupaca Electric Light & Railway Com- 
pany : is the main owner of the Racine-Sattley Company, and is one of the di- 
recting board of a number of smaller industries. ^Ir. ^liles is the controlling 


spirit in several national trade organizations related to his line of business. He 
has thoroughly demonstrated the value of the educated man in business. 

On Sept. 27, 1887, Mr. Miles was married to Miss Flora A. Erskine, 
daughter of Massena B. and Susan (Perry) Erskine. They have one son, 
Philip Erskine, born March 4, 1899. They have a beautiful modern home on 
Washington avenue, Racine, which is frequently the scene of pleasant social 
functions. Mr. and Mrs. Miles attend the Presbyterian Church. Politically 
he is a Republican. 

In closing this short sketch of a prominent citizen mention should be made 
of Mr. Miles's public spirit. He has always taken a deep interest in civic mat- 
ters and time and again has evinced a much more than passing interest in the 
public schools. It remained for him to not only suggest but to make possible 
the introduction of manual training into the Racine schools. At his request 
permission was also given' him to decorate and adorn with suitable pictures the 
rooms and hallways of the different schools, and that the children might take 
a personal interest in the preservation of these works of art he proposed to 
pay for one-half of the decorations in the buildings, provided the pupils would 
pay one-fourth and the city the other fourth. This generous proposition was 
met more than half way and the effect on the pupils is marked, all feeling a 
personal proprietorship in their surroundings. 

JOHN T. YULE is a member of a family at present well represented in 
Kenosha and Kenosha county, not only with respect to numbers but also in 
creditable citizens. It was founded here by his father, Alexander Yule, whose 
history will be found elsewhere. Several of the name, including our subject, 
have Jjeen especially well known in their connection with the Bain Wagon 

John T. Yule was born in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, Jan. 31, 1831, and 
was nine years of age when he made the voyage to America, a trip which he 
still remembers vividly, for the family came in a small schooner, the "Mary", 
which was six weeks on the trip. When they finally reached Southport there 
was no harbor, and the passengers were carried ashore in the sailors' arms. 
John T. Yule remained on the farm until he was nineteen years of age. assist- 
ing his father. He put together and operated the first reaper ever set up in 
Kenosha county, an old-fashioned McCormick machine. In 1850 he followed 
his brother George to Southport and worked at wagonmaking with him a 
year and a half, after which he went to Chicago and spent some time there 
learning carriagemaking. In 185 1 he returned to Kenosha and entered the 
employ of Mitchell & Quarles, which firm sold out to Bain & Towsley. Mr. 
Towsley. retiring, left Mr. Bain in sole charge, and he continued the business 
until his death. With the exception of about six years John T. Yule was con- 
nected with the establishment from 185 1 until July, 1905, when he retired 
from active work. He was superintendent of construction. Two years he 
spent at Pike's Peak, and the next four he was employed in the wagon shop 
of Peter Wood. 

John T. Yule stands high in the esteem of his fellow-citizens, and well 
deserves their confidence and esteem, for he has done good service for the citv. 
For sixteen years he has been a member of the school board, acting as presi- 


dent seven years of that time, and for fourteen years was an alderman in tlie 
city council. He has always been a Republican, and cast his first vote for 
Fremont and Dayton, hoisting the first flag raised for them in Kenosha. 
Fraternally he is a Mason, belonging to the Blue Lodge and Chapter. 

On Dec. 23, 1851, Mr. Yule married Miss Lucy Tapling, daughter of 
Robert and Hannah Tapling; she died in 1864, leaving one son, Edwin, now 
deceased. In 1866 Mr. Yule married Miss Fannie Heald, daughter of Nathan 
and Fannie Heald, and she died three years later, the mother of one child, 
who lived but a year. Mr. Yule's third union occurred March 10, 1870, and 
was to Miss Hattie V. Reed, daughter of Asa and Rebecca (Fuller) Reed. 
To this union six children have come, three sons and three daughters : ( i ) 
Herbert died aged four months and eighteen days. (2) Lucy married W. 
H. Moses, of Denver, Colo., and they have two children, Helen and John. 
(3) Belle is the widow of the late Elbert W. Phillips. (4) La Maud is at 
present a teacher in the high school at Black River Falls, Wis. She was grad- 
uated from the Kenosha high school, the State Normal at Milwaukee (in 
which city she taught for two years) and the State University at Madison. 
(5) Leroy, who married Miss Mabel Mclntyre. is a machinist in the Jeffreys 
Automobile Works. (6) Orman Nelson has been employed under his father, 
but is now attending the Northwestern Military Academy, at Highland Park, 
111., where he is one of the popular students. Besides attaining the military 
rank of captain he is prominent in most of the school activities, being editor 
of the school paper, "The Target." the president of his class, captain of the 
football team, and president of the Y. M. C. A. Mr. and Mrs. Yule are Con- 
gregationalists in their religious belief. 

Mrs. Hattie V. Yule is descended in the paternal line from New York 
ancestors, of English lineage. Her grandparents,, Squire and Rebecca Reed, 
were natives of New York State, and he was a farmer. Of his large family, 
his son, Asa Reed, born in New York, moved to Ohio and thence to Illinois, 
going still later to Spring Lake, Mich., where he died in 1879. His occupa- 
tion was ship carpentry. He married Miss Rebecca Fuller, of Ohio, who 
died in 1855, the mother of three sons and seven daughters, of whom five arc 
living, namely ; Josephine, !Mrs. Anthony J. Simmons : Rebecca, widow or a 
Mr. Jnnes: Julia, who married the late O. W. ^lessenger; Hattie V.: and 
\\'illiam. ]\Irs. Yule's maternal grandparents were Perley and Rebecca Ful- 
ler, the former a native of Ohio, of English descent, and the father of a large 
family. The wife died in Morris, 111., in 1855. 

THOMAS HANSEN, a resident of Kenosha for many years, is a native 
of Denmark, l)ut has spent his adult life whollv in America. He was born in 
Selbjorg, Nov. 23. 1853, son of Hans and Mette Maria ( Skands) Hansen, 
both pIso natives of Denmark. 

The forefathers of Mr. Hansen all lived in Denmark, his father being 
the first to emip-rate to America. Hans Hansen was a son of Hans Anderson, 
will) flied in 18^0, aged sixty-five years. He was a farmer all his life. He 
marrie<l Anna Maria Anderson, who died in 1871, at the aee of ninety-five 
years, the mother of thirteen children, of whom Hans was the youngest. 

Hans Hansen was born in Denmark and followed the occupation of a 



fisherman. He came to America in 1S73, and frum that time till his death, 
March 21, 1896, at the age of seventy-nine years, he was a resident of 
Kenosha. His wife, whose maiden name was Mette Maria Skands, was born 
at Hjerting, Denmark, Jan. 3, 181 7. She was a woman of many noble traits 
of character, a dex'out Christian and one of the first members of the Danish 
Lutheran Church in Kenosha, her husband belonging to the same denomina- 
tion. Mrs. Hansen was always very active in church work, particularly in her 
younger days, and when she died, Aug. 23, 1904, she left a vacancy in the 
church hard to fill. Her death resulted from a general breakdown caused 
by old age. To Hans Hansen and his wife were born seven sons and two 
daughters, viz. : Christian, a sailor, who was drowned near Kenosha many 
years ago; John, deceased, formerly a member of the firm of Bendt & Hansen; 
Tonnes, deceased, who was the general superintendent of the Lhiited States 
Steamship Company of Copenhagen; Mads C, a grocery merchant in Racine, 
now deceased; Caroline, of Marcpiette, Neb.: Maria, wife of Nels H. Ander- 
son, of Marquette, Neb.; Thomas, of Kenosha: Dr. Andrew Skands, of Cedar 
Falls, Iowa; and Thue Paulsen. 

Mr. Hansen's grandparents in the maternal line were Tonnes and Karen 
(Jansen) Skands, who were born in Denmark. Tonnes Skands was accident- 
ally killed in 1820 at the early age of thirty-two, while unloading a vessel, and 
his wife died in 1836, aged fifty-three years. They were the parents of four 

Thomas Hansen left Denmark in 1871, when between seventeen and 
eighteen years of age. He had been given a fairly good education there, 
although he had commenced to work out a part of the time when he was quite 
small, and when fourteen was apprenticed to learn the carpenter's trade. After 
he came to America he continued to follow that industry until 1880, but since 
that year he has been engaged in business for himself in Kenosha. He began 
with the furniture and undertaking lines combined, but in 1892 sold out the 
furniture branch of his establishment, now carrying on only the undertaking 
part of the business. In the quarter of a century since he embarked in the 
enterprise he has built up a large business. He attended the first school of 
embalming held in this country, and in January, 1883, graduated from the 
Cincinnati School of Embalming. 

Mr. Hansen married, June 10, 1880, Miss Elizabeth Kreuscher, and 
they have become the parents of six children, viz. : Eugene, who died in 
infancy: Elmer;- Mark; Edith; Alwin: and Ralph, who lived only one year. 
The family residence, owned by Mr. Hansen, is at No. 354 Main street, while 
he has his place of business adjoining, at No. 163 South street. 

Thomas Hansen afiiliates with the Republican party and has filled various 
offices, for he is popular personally and commands the confidence of his fel- 
low-citizens. He was county treasurer for two terms, Jan. i, 1895, to Jan. i, 
1899, being elected by a majority of 1,228 votes, the largest ever polled by 
any candidate for that office. Later he was deputy treasurer for two terms. 
Religiously he is a member of the Episcopal Church. Mr. Hansen is perhaps 
quite as widely known by his fraternal as.sociations as from his political 
record, for he is connected with a number of the largest organizations. He 
has been an Odd Fellow since he was twenty-one years old, and is a Freema- 


son, belonging to Kenosha Lodge, No. 47. ¥. & A. AI. ; Ken'jsha Chapter, No. 
3, R. A. M., and Racine Commander}-, No. 7, K. T. He is also a member of 
the Knights of Pythias, Modern Woodmen, Royal Arcanum, A. O. U. \V., 
Equitable Fraternal Union, Yeomen of America, the Danish Brotherhood, 
and the Dania Society. 

Mrs. Elizabeth K. Hansen is descended from the Kreuscher family of 
Rhenish Prussia. Her great-grandfather was John Kreuscher, who married 
Marguerita Schwenk. His son, Jacob, was born in Prussia, and died there, 
reaching the age of seventy-six, and surviving his wife by four years. Her 
maiden name was Anna Maria Hehn, and they became the parents of ten 
children, seven of whom grew to maturity. 

Jacob Kreuscher (2), father of Mrs. Hansen, was born in Prussia in 
1832. A lifelong farmer, he came to America in 1857, landing in New York 
Dec. 1st. He went at once to Kenosha and bought eighty acres in Paris 
township, onto which he moved March i, 1858, and which is still his home. 
He has since purchased more land, having at one time owned 220 acres. Mr. 
Kreuscher served in the regular army in Germany, and after settling in Wis- 
consin was drafted at the first call from President Lincoln, but furnished a 
substitute. He married Miss Mary Kreuscher, daughter of Philip Kreuscher, 
whose wife's maiden name was Altes ; they were German farming people, and 
lived to be well past middle age. They were the parents of five children. Mrs. 
Mary K. Kreuscher bore her husband three children : Elizabeth, Mrs. Han- 
sen, Jacob, Jr., of Paris township, and George, of the same section. The 
mother of this family, who was born in Prussia, passed away in 1889, at the 
age of fifty-seven years. She and her husband were both Lutherans. 

CHARLES OLIVER JOHNSON, an extensive farmer of Racine coun- 
ty, cultivating 280 acres of land in Norway township, resides on Section 14, 
in that township, of which he is a native, born March 4, 1857. 

John Landsverk, the paternal grandfather of our subject, was a native 
of Norway, where he died. He was a farmer by occupation, and was twice 
married, his first wife being the grandmother of our subject. Ole Johnson, 
father of Charles O., was born Feb. 2, 1808, at Tudolf, Norway, was there 
reared and educated, and came to .America in 1838. Locating in Chicago, he 
there spent four years, in 1842 coming to Wisconsin and settling on 160 
acres in Norway township, where he cleared several farms, the old homestead 
being the farm now owned by his son Henry F. Ole Johnson died on the farm 
now owned by his son Charles, in Norway township, July 17, 1902, aged 
ninety-four years, five months, fifteen days. He had been a soldier in the 
regular army in Norway. In Chicago Mr. Johnson married Julia Beckjord, 
daughter of Halvor Beckjord, a farmer of Norway, who died there at an ad- 
vanced age, while his wife, at the time of her death, was nearly one hundred 
years old. M-rs. Johnson died April 15, 1881, aged sixty-three years, seven 
months, in the faith of the Lutheran. Church, to which her husband also ad- 
hered. They were the parents of eleven children, six of whom are now living: 
John, of Ogema, Price Co.. Wis. : Peter, of Agee, Nebr. ; Caroline Julia, un- 
married, of Norway township; Charles O. ; Henrv F. : and Sarah E., of Nor- 

c^e^^^ 6^<.^<>^ 


terested. He is a member of Belle City Lodge, No. gj, F. & A. M. ; of Orient 
Chapter, No. 12, R. A. ]\I. ; of Racine Commandery, No. 7, K. T., of which 
he is past commander; and of the Royal Arcanum. In politics he has always 
voted the Republican ticket. Mr. Grenier resides in a comfortable home at 
No. 1 5 10 Ninth street, which he erected in the fall of 1882. 

George \V. Grenier has been twice married. His first wife was Miss 
Annie Eliza Bettridge, by whom he had one son, Achille B. This son is a 
druggist in Des Moines, Iowa, and is married to Miss Hattie Schmidt. Mrs. 
Annie E. Grenier was born March 3, 1855, daughter of Abraham and Eliza 
(Dearsley) Bettridge, and died July 12, 1897. 

Abraham Bettridge, with whom Mr. Grenier first went into business, was 
born in London, England, July 14, 1819, son of John and Ann (Phillipson) 
Bettridge. The family emigrated to America in 1832, and settled in Toronto, 
Canada, the father becoming one of the prominent merchants of that city. 
Abraham Bettridge remained in Toronto till he was twenty years old, and 
then came to Racine, but did not