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Full text of "Communist political subversion. Hearings before the Committee on Un-American Activities, House of Representatives, Eighty-fourth Congress, second session .."

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RI [ 














WASHINGTON, D. C, NOVEMBER 12, 13, AND 14, 1956 






Printed for the use of the Committee on Un-American Activities 






Since these hearings are consecutively 
paged they are arranged by page ntmiber 
instead of alphabetically by title. 





WASHINGTON, D. C, NOVEMBER 12, 13, AND 14, 1956 






Printed for the use of the Committee on Un-American Activities 

Prepared and released by the 


United States House of Representatives 

Washington, D. C. 

85333 WASHINGTON : 1957 








WASHINGTON, D. C, NOVEMBER 12, 13, AND 14, 1956 






Printed for the use of the Committee on Un-American Activities 

Prepared and released by the 


United States House of Representatives 

Washington, D. C. 

85333 WASHINGTON : 1957 


United States House of Representatives 
FRANCIS E. WALTER, Pennsylvania, Chairman 


TAMES B. FRAZIER, JR., Tennessee DONALD L. JACKSON, California 


Richard Arens, Director 


[Documents appearing in this Appendix were introduced during the proceedings 

printed in Part 1 of this series] 
Witnesses and exhibit numbers: Testimony Exhibit 

Abner Green: P^se No. page No. 

lA-C 6156 7083 

2 6156 7086 

3 6157 7087 

4 A, B 6158 7088 

5 6159 7089 

6 6159,6421 7091 

VI 6160, 6216, 6260, 6271, 8372 

6288, 6412, 6516, 6561, 

7 A-D 6162 7094 

8 6162 7101 

9 - 6163, 6165, 6169, 6379. 7102 


10 6163 7104 

11 6164 7106 

12 A, B 6164 7107 

13 6165 7110 

14 6165, 6475, 6637, 6970__ 7111 

15 6166,6167,6367 7112 

16 6166 7115 

17 _ 6166,6168,6169,6379-- 7116 

18 6166 7117 

19 6167 7118 

20 6167, 6368, 6478 7119 

21 6169 7120 

22 6170 7121 

23 A-D 6170,6254,6296 7122 

24 6171 7126 

25 6172 7127 

26 - 6172 7127 

27 - 6173,6824 7128 

28A-D 6173 7129 

29A-D 6173 7133 

30 6174 7137 

31 6174 7138 

32A-C 6175 7139 

33 6177 7142 

34 6177,6411 7143 

35A-D 6177, 6737 7144 

III 6181, 6733, 6927 8303 

36A-C 6182,6454,6558 7148 

37 6182 7151 

38A, B 6182 7152 

Mrs. Harriet Barron: 

39A-C 6186 7154 

40 6190 7157 

41 6190, 6478 7157 

42_ - 6191,6479 7158 

43 6191 7161 

44-46 6191,6406 7162 

Albert L. Colloms: 

47A, B 6195 7163 

48 -- -- 6195 7165 

49 6197 7166 

50A-N -- 6199, 6200 7167 

51 - 6201 7179 

52A, B - 6202 7180 

53 6203 7182 

54 6203 7183 

' Index follows Appendix p. 8465, beginning with p. 1. 



Witnesses and exhibit numbers — Continued Testimony Exhibit 

George B. Murphy, Jr.: page No. page No. 

55A, B 6205 7184 

V 6208, 6237, 6370, 6374, 8337 

6388, 6412, 6561, 6592, 

56 6208 7186 

57 6209 7186 

58A-H 6210,6904 7188 

59 ---- 6210 7196 

60- 6211 7198 

61A, B 6212 7199 

62A-D 6214,6311,6347 7201 

63A, B 6215 7205 

64A, B 6215 7207 

Mrs. Dorothy S. Strange: 

65 6222 7209 

66A, B . 6223 7210 

Charles Musil: 

67 6235 7212 

68 6235,6336 7213 

VII 6238,6321 8406 

Irving Novick: 

69 6241 7214 

70A-C 6243 7215 

Carl Marzani: 

71 6249 7218 

72 6250 7219 

73 6250 7220 

74 6251 7221 

75 6251 7222 

76A-G 6252, 6516 7222 

77 6252 7226 

78 6253, 6537 7227 

79A-D 6253 7228 

80A, B 6255 7232 

81A, B 6255 7234 

Frank Ilchuk: 

82A, B 6258 7236 

83A-C 6259 7238 

84 6259 7241 

85A, B 6260 7242 

II_. 6260,6395,6523 8275 

86 6261 7244 

87 6261 7245 

88A-H 6262 7246 

89 6262 7254 

90 6263, 6337 7255 

Miss Frances MacKinnon Damon: 

91A, B 6264 7256 

92A, B 6267 7258 

93A, B 6268 7260 

94 6269 7262 

95 6269 7263 

Russ Nixon: 

96 6276 7264 

97 6276 7265 

98 6276 7265 

99 6277 7266 

106A-C 6277 7267 

lOlA-C 6278 7270 

102A-F 6278, 6665, 6788, 6826, 7273 



Witnesses and exhibit numbers — Continued Testimony Exhibit 

Miss Emma Louise Mally: page No. page No. 

103 --- 6280 7281 

104 6282 7283 

105 6282 7284 

106 6283 7285 

107 6283,6494 7286 

108 6284 7290 

109 6284 7291 

110 6285 7292 

111 6285 7292 

Hugh Mulzac: 

112 6286,6294,6334 7294 

113 6287,6335,6592 7295 

114A, B 6287, 6295, 6423 7296 

115A-F 6287 7298 

116 6288 7304 

117 6288 7305 

118 6289 7306 

119 - 6289 7307 

120A-D 6290,6348 7308 

121 6290 7312 

122 . 6290 7313 

123 6290 7314 

124 6291 7315 

Alec Jones: 

125A, B 6293 7316 

126 -- 6293 7318 

127 6294 7319 

128A, B 6294,6327 7320 

129 6294 7322 

130 6294 7323 

131A-C 6295 7324 

132 6295 7327 

133 6295 7328 

134 6295 7329 

135 6296 7330 

136 6297,6387 7331 

137 6297 7332 

138 6297 7333 

139 6297 7350 

Miss Belle Bailynson: 

140 6299 7351 

141 6299 7352 

142 6299 7353 

143 6300 7354 

144 6300 7355 

145A, B 6300 7356 

146A-D 6300 7358 

147 6301 7362 

148A-D 6302 7364 

149 6302 7368 

Mrs. Mona Schneider Jones: 

150 6305 7369 

151A-C 6305 7370 

152 6305 7373 

153 6305 7373 

154 6306 7374 

Sol Rotenberg: 

155 6309 7376 

156 6310 7377 

157A-C 6310 7378 

158 6311 7381 

159A-D 6313 7382 

160A, B 6315 7386 

161_._ 6315 7388 

162 6315,6373 7389 


Witnesses and exhibit numbers — Continued Testimony Exhibit 

Sol Rotenberg— Continued pa?e ^o. page No. 

163 6315 7390 

164 6316,6373 7391 

165 6316 7392 

166 6318 7393 

167A, B 6320 7394 

168A-D 6324 7396 

Hugo Gellert: 

169A, B 6327,6927 7400 

170A, B 6328 7402 

171 6329 7404 

172 6329 7406 

173 6329 7407 

174 6329 7407 

175 6330 7407 

176A-E 6330 7409 

177 6331 7414 

178 6331 7415 

179 6331 7416 

180 6332 7417 

181 6332 7418 

Constantine Ossip: 

182 6334 7419 

183A, B 6335 7420 

184A-C 6335 7422 

185A-C 6337 7425 

186A-C 6337 7428 

Mrs. Jeanette Stern Turner: 

187 6343 7431 

188 6344 7432 

189 6344 7433 

190 6344 7434 

191 6345 7435 

192A-C 6345 7436 

193 6345 7439 

194 6346 7440 

195A, B 6346 7442 

196 6347 7444 

197A, B 6347 7445 

A. Harry Levitan: 

198A-C 6353 7447 

199 6354 7450 

200 6354 7451 

201 6359 7452 

202 6360 7453 

Mrs. Ruth E. Hillsgrove: 

203 6367 7454 

204 6368 7455 

205 6368 7456 

206 6369,6538 7457 

207 6370 7458 

Mrs. Frances Gabow: 

208 6374 7459 

Mrs. Elsie Zazrivv: 

209 1 6379 7460 

210 6379 7461 

211 6380 7463 

212-222 6384-6386,6388 7464 

223A, B 6387 7481 

224 6387 7483 

225 6388,6624 7484 

226 6389 7485 

227 6390 7486 

M. Y. Steinberg: 

228 6394 7487 

I 6394 8269 


Witnesses and exhibit numbers — Continued Testimony Exhibit 

Miss Evelyn Abelson; page No. page No. 

229 6401 7488 

230A-D 6402 7489 

231. ._-_---- 6403 7493 

232__--^.,_^--- 6404 (retained in com- 
mittee files). 

233 6405 7494 

234 6405 7495 

235 6407 7496 

236 6408 7497 

237 6408 7498 

238 6408 7499 

239 6409 7500 

240 6409,6440 7501 

241 6409,6452 7502 

242 A, B 6410 7503 

243,244 6410 7504 

245 A, B 6410 7506 

246 6411 7508 

Miss Bessie Steinberg: 

247 6415 7518 

248 6416 7519 

249-259 6417-6421 7520 

260 A, B, 261 6419 7540 

Hymen Schlesinger: 

262 A-D 6428 7543 

263 ,^ 6430 7547 

Joseph Rudiak: 

264 6435 7547 

265A, B .- 6436 7549 

266 - 6436 7551 

267 :: 6437 7553 

268 6437 7555 

269 6438 - 7556 

270 6438 7557 

271A, B 6439 7558 

Allan n. McNeil: 

272 6442 7560 

273 6446 (retained in com- 
mittee files). 

274 6447 7561 

275 -- 6447 7562 

276A-D .::: . 6448 7563 

277A-D . 6448 7567 

278 . 6449 7571 

279 6450 7573 

280A-D 6451 7574 

281 6452 7579 

282A, B 6452 7580 

283 6453 7582 

284A-D 6454 7583 

285A-D 6454 7587 

Saul Grossman: 

286A, B 6463 7591 

287-300B 6464-6472 7593 

301 6474 7624 

302A, B 6474,6503 7625 

303 6474 7627 

304 6475 7628 

305 6477 7629 

306 6477 7630 

307A-D 6477 7631 

308A, B . 6480 7635 

309 , 6480, 6519 7637 

310 6481 7638 

311 6481 7639 

312A, B 6482 7640 

313 6482 7642 

314 6483 7644 

315 6483 7645 


Witnesses and exhibit numbers — Continued Testimony Exhibit 

Saul Grossman— Continued pa-e ^o. page No. 

316A-C 6484 7646 

317 6484 7649 

318 6484 7650 

319 6484 7654 

320A-C 6485 7655 

321 6485 7658 

322 6495 7659 

323 - 6496 7662 

324 - 6497 7665 

325 6498 7670 

326, 327A-H 6498 7671 

328 6499 7681 

329 6499 7685 

Mrs. Mignon Peggy Wellman: 

330A, B 6508 7689 

331A, B 6509 7691 

332 6510 7693 

Mrs. Margaret Fishman: 

333 6519 7694 

334 6521 (opp.) 7694 

335 6521 7695 

Charles A. Hill: 

336 6523 7696 

337 6523 7697 

338 6524 7698 

339A-D 6526 7699 

340A, B 6526 7703 

341 6527 7705 

342 6527 7705 

343A-C 6527 7707 

344A, B 6528,6927 7710 

345 6528 7712 

346 6528 7713 

Stanley Nowak: 

347A, B 6533 7714 

348 6533 ' 7716 

349 6534 7718 

350 6534 7719 

351 __ 6534 7720 

352 6535 7721 

353.. ... _ 6535 7722 

354 6535 7723 

355 6536 7724 

356 6536 7725 

357 6537 7726 

358 6537 7727 

359 6539 7727 

360 6539 7728 

361 6541 7729 

362 6541 7730 

Mrs. Tillie Rogers: 

363 6548 7731 

364 6549 (retained in com- 
mittee file). 

365 6550 7739 

366A, B 6550 7740 

Nathan E. Caldwell, Jr.: 

367 6555 7742 

368 6555 7743 

369 6556 7743 

370 6557 7744 

371 6558 7756 

372 6558 (retained in com- 
mittee file). 

373 6560 7757 

374A-C 6562 7758 

375 6563 7766 


Witnesses and exhibit numbers — Continued Testimony Exhibit 

Mrs. Ruth Heit: page No. page No. 

376 6588 7767 

377 6589 7768 

378- 6589 7769 

379 - 6589 7770 

380 6593 7772 

381A, B 6593 7773 

382, 383A, B 6594 7775 

384 6594 7781 

385A, B 6594 7782 

386 6595 7784 

387 6595 7787 

388 6595 7790 

Ernest DeMaio: 

389 6598 7792 

390 6598 7793 

391 6599 7795 

392 6599 7797 

393 6600 7797 

394 6600 7799 

395 6600 7800 

396 6601 7800 

397 6601 7801 

398 6601 7803 

399 6601 7810 

400 6602 7811 

Mrs. Helen Lewis: 

401 6603 7812 

402 6606 7813 

403A, B 6606 7814 

Mrs. Alma Folev: 

404 A, B..; 6608 7816 

405A-C 6609 7818 

406A, B 6609 7821 

407 6610 7823 

408 6611 7824 

409 6611 7826 

410 6611 7826 

411 6611.6616 7827 

Mrs. Alma Erikson: 

412 - 6616 7828 

413 6617 7829 

Clarence A. Hathaway: 

414 6619 (retained in com- 
mittee files). 

415 6619 7830 

416 6620 7831 

417 6620 7832 

418 6622 7833 

John R. Starks: 

419 6622 7835 

420A-C 6622 7836 

421 A, B 6623 7839 

422A, B 6623 7841 

423A, B 6624 7843 

424 6625 7845 

Mrs. Delphine Murphy Smith: 

425A, B 6633 7847 

426 6637,6824 7849 

427 6638 7852 

428-- 6638 7853 

429 6639 7854 

430 6640 7855 

431 6641 7856 

432 6641 7857 


Witnesses and exhibit numbers — Continued Testimony Exhibit 

Carl Brant: page No. page No. 

433-437 6655, 6671, 6682, 6702, 7858 

6810, 6844, 6921. 

438A, B 6656 7861 

439 6657,6922 7863 

440 6657 7864 

441 6658,6923 7865 

442 6659 7866 

John Uhrin: 

443 6662 7867 

444,, 6662 7867 

445 6663 7869 

446 6666 7870 

Charles Gladstone: 

447 6671,6756 7870 

448 6671 7872 

449A, B 6671 7873 

450A, B 6671 7875 

Frank J. Whitley: 

451 6675 7877 

San ford Goldner: 

452A, B, 453A, B, 454 6686,6695 7878 

Mrs. Josephine Yanez Van Leuven: 

455 6700 7885 

456 6700,6786 7890 

457 . 6701 7890 

458 6702 7890 

459 6702 7892 

460 6702 7894 

461 6702 7895 

Harry Carlisle: 

462,463 6706 7896 

464 6707,6921 7898 

465 6707 7899 

466 6707 7900 

467 6708,6755,6811 7901 

468 6709 7902 

469 6709 7902 

470 6709 7902 

471 6709 7903 

David Hyun: 

472 6714 7905 

473 (see footnote on p. 6714). 

474A, B 6714 7906 

475A, B 6715 - 7908 

476A-D 6715--... 7910 

477A, B 6715- 7914 

Mrs. Anita Schneider: 

478 - 6730 7916 

479 6730,6751 7917 

480A, B 6731 7929 

481 6731 7931 

482A-C 6732 7933 

483 6733 7943 

484A,B 6734 7956 

485A, B 6735 7958 

486A, B 6736 7960 

487A, B 6736 7962 

488 6739 7964 

489 - 6740 7966 

490 6740 7968 

491 6740 7969 

492 6740 7970 

493 6741 . 7971 

494 6741 7972 

495 6741 7975 

496 6741 - 7976 

497 6741 _._.-_ 7977 


Witnesses and exhibit numbers — Continued Testimony Exhibit 

Leonard Ludel: page No. page No. 

498A, B 6743 7978 

499 6743 7980 

500 6745 7981 

501 6745 7982 

502 A, B 6745, 6752, 6755, 6760, 7983 


Frank Wilkinson: 

503 6750 7985 

504 6752 7987 

505 6752 7988 

Howard Goddard: 

506A-D 6755 7989 

507A, B 6755 7993 

508 6756 7995 

Morris Goodman: 

509 6759 7996 

510 6760 7997 

511 6760 7999 

Mrs. Rose Chernin Kusnitz: 

512 6765,6824,6826 8001 

513,514 6765,6835 8006 

515 6766,6822,6825 8008 

516 6766 8018 

517A, B 6766,6822 8919 

Jerome Land: 

518 6775 8021 

519 6776 8025 

520 6777 8027 

521 6778 8027 

522 6779 8027 

523 6781 8028 

Miss Esther Shandler: 

524 6786 . 8032 

Miss Marva Bovingdon: 

525 6793 8033 

526A-C 6794,6928 8033 

527A-C -. 6794 8036 

528 6794 8039 

ConejC. Young: 

529 6796 8040 

530 6797 8041 

Mrs. Anne Perpich McTernan: 

531 6803 8041 

532 6804 8042 

533A, B 6804 8043 

534A 6804 8045 

534B, C._.: 6806 8047 

Stephen H. Fritchman: 

VIII 6811,6926 8440 

535A, B 6813 8049 

536 6814 8052 

537 6814 8053 

538 6815 8055 

Mrs. Rose Chernin Kusnitz — Resumed: 

539A-D 6825 8058 

540 6825 8063 

541A, B 6825 8064 

542 6826 8066 

Mrs. Marguerite Robinson: 

543A-E 6833 8071 

544A 6833 (retained in com- 
mittee files). 

544B 6834 8076 

Mrs. Irene Terrazas: 

545A, B 6837 8077 

546 6838 8079 

547 6838 8080 


Witnesses and exhibit numbers — Continued Testimony Exhibit 

Peter Hyun: page No. page No. 

548 6841 8081 

549A-E 6842,6844 8082 

550A-C 6845 8084 

Mrs. Lillian Doran: 

551A-D 6851 8087 

Mrs. Ethel Linn: 

552A, B 6853 8091 

Martin Hall: 

553 6856 8093 

554 6856 8094 

Mrs. Grace Partridge: 

555A, B 6867 8098 

556A, B 6868 8100 

557A, B 6868 8102 

558 6869 8104 

559 6869 8105 

560A, B 6870 8106 

561 6871 8108 

562A-C 6871 8109 

563 6872 8112 

564 6873 8112 

565 6873 8114 

566 '_ 6875 8115 

Louis Goldblatt: 

567 6879 8116 

568 6885 8133 

569-579A, B 6888 8134-8146 

Mrs. Clair Jensen: 

580 6890 8147 

581 6890 8149 

582 6891 8150 

583 6892 8151 

584 6892 8152 

585 6893 8153 

Aubrey Grossman: 

586 6900 8154 

587 6900 8154 

588 6901 8155 

589 6902 8155 

590 6902 8156 

591 6902 8156 

592 6903 8157 

593 6906 8158 

594 6908 8159 

595 6908 8161 

596 6909 8162 

597 6909 8163 

598 6910 8163 

599 6910 8164 

William Heikkila: 

600A, B 6915 8165 

601 6915 8167 

602 6915 8167 

603 6915 8168 

604 6916 8169 

Cleophas Brown: 

605 6922 8174 

606 6922 8178 

607 6923 8179 

608 6923 8180 

609 6923 8181 

Victor Arnautoff : 

610 6927 8182 

611 6928 8182 

612 6928 8183 

613 6929--. 8185 


Witnesses and exhibit numbers — Continued Testimony Exhibit 

Burt Nelson: page No. page No. 

614 6941,7005,7073 8186 

615' 6942 8204 

616 6942 8204 

617 618 6947, 6975, 6982, 6993, 8205 

Mrs. Marion Kinney: 

619 6962 8210 

620 6962 8211 

621 6963 8212 

622 6963 8213 

623A, B 6964 8214 

624 --- 6964 (see footnote) . 

625^630 6965 8216 

Rachmiel Forschmiedt: 

631 6972 (see footnote). 

Walter Belka: 

632 6975, 6993, 6998 8226 

Dirk De Jonge: 

633 6976 8227 

634 6976 8228 

Mrs. Mary Jane Tancioco: 

635, 636 6978, 6980, 7001 8229 

James S. Fantz: 

637 6981 8231 

Miss Myrna Anderson: 

638 6983 8232 

Miss Sarah Hortense Lesser: 

639 6988, 7002 8232 

Robert Cummings: 

640 6999 8232 

Mrs. Valerie Taylor: 

641. 7002 8233 

642 7002 8234 

Clayton VanLydegraf : 

643- - 7006 8236 

644- 7006 8238 

645A 7014 8243 

645B 7014, 7019 8244 

646 7014,7050 8245 

Mrs. Louise Hatten: 

647A, B 7021 8248 

648A-C 7022 8250 

Mrs. Julia Ruuttila: 

649- 7026 8253 

650 7027 8254 

651 7027 8255 

652 7028 8257 

653 7028 8258 

654 7029 8260 

655 7029 8261 

656A, B 7029,7031 8262 

657 7030 8264 

658 7030 8265 

659 7030 8266 

John Daschbach: 

660-- 7046 8267 

661 7048 8268 

IV 6559 8317 

Index follows Appendix p. 8465, beginning with p. 1. 

Public Law 601, 79th Congress 

The legislation under which the House Committee on Un-American 
Activities operates is Public Law 601, 79th Congress (1946), chapter 
753, 2d session, which provides : 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States 
of America in Congress assembled, * * * 


Rule X 


17. Committee on Un-American Activities, to consist of nine members. 

Rule XI 


(q) (1) Committee on Un-American Activities. 

(A) Un-American Activities. 

(2) The Committee on Un-American Activities, as a whole or by subcommit- 
tee, is authorized to make, from time to time, investigations of (i) the extent, 
character, and objects of un-American propaganda activities in the United States, 
(ii) the diffusion within the United States of subversive and un-American propa- 
ganda that is instigated from foreign countries or of a domestic origin and attacks 
the principle of the form of government as guaranteed by our Constitution, and 
(iii) all other questions in relation thereto that would aid Congress in any neces- 
sary remedial legislation. 

The Committee on Un-American Activities shall reiwrt to the House (or to the 
Clerk of the House if the House is not in session) the results of any such investi- 
gation, together with such recommendations as it deems advisable. 

For the purpose of any such investigation, the Committee on Un-American 
Activities, or any subcommittee thereof, is authorized to sit and act at such 
times and places within the United States, whether or not the House is sitting, 
has recessed, or has adjourned, to hold such hearings, to require the attendance 
of such witnesses and the production of such books, papers, and documents, and 
to take such testimony, as it deems necessary. Subpenas may be issued under 
the signature of the chairman of the committee or any subcommittee, or by any 
member designatetl by any such chairman, and may be served by any person 
designated by any such cha-irman or member. 


House Resolution 5, January 5, 1955 
• **♦*** 

Rule X 


1. There shall be elected by the House, at the commencement of each Congress ; 

(q) Committee on Un-American Activities, to consist of nine members. 


Rule XI 


17. Committee on Un-American Activities. 

(a) Un-American Activities. 

(b) The Committee on Un-American Activities, as a whole or by subcommittee, 
is authorized to make, from time to time, investigations of (1) the extent, char- 
acter, and objects of un-American propaganda activities in the United States, 

(2) the diffusion within the United States of subversive and un-American propa- 
ganda that is instigated from foreign countries or of a domestic origin and attacks 
the principle of the form of government as guaranteed by our Constitution, and 

(3) all other questions in relation thereto that would aid Congress in any neces- 
sary remedial legislation. 

The Committee on Un-American Activities shall report to the House (or to the 
Clerk of the House if the House is not in session ) the results of any such investi- 
gation, together with such recommendations as it deems advisable. 

For the purpose of any such investigation, the Committee on Un-American 
Activities, or any subcommittee thereof, is authorized to sit and act at such times 
and places within the United States, whether or not the House is sitting, has 
recessed, or has adjourned, to hold such hearings, to require the attendance of 
such witnesses and the production of such books, papers, and documents, and to 
take such testimony as it deems necessary. Subpenas may be issued under the 
signature of the chairman of the committee or any subcommittee, or by any 
member designated by any such chairman, and may be served by any i)erson 
designated by any such chairman or member. 


Exhibit No. 1A 


£ongrf«{t of tfje Winittit Stated 

22b-A iq.d aens* OfllM Mttildlng, 

p,, jcooutiva Seeretajryi, AsMkrioaa Gflwuitt** for PiotoctJLon 9t 

-' :.: - .::'"^..}'^^. , Greeting: 

Pursuant to lawful autliority, You Are Hereby Commanded to be and appear before the 
Committee on Un-American Activities of the House of Representatives of the United States, or 

a duly appointed subcommittee thereof, on ^^'"^J.^.^7^^!?!^.^. , 19.??.. , f| 

at .™™.-. o'clock, ™.jn., at tiitir Committee Room, 

then and there to testify touching matters of inquiiy committed to said committee, and not to 

depart without leave of said committee. 
:jcecutif» S«creVar7, .'t?: ican GoBBaittea for Proieotioa of FoJXri.|p Bon» 

You Are Hereby CoMMANDEj^to bring with you and produce before said committee, or 

a duly authorized subcwnmittee thereof, the following: 

_...t'nb.:?£"....'....:....::.:V; .; ;''^.%!f...f£..4?f^.^.^?*><l'...*?..]^ 

attMbad <tociMMQtf viiXcn xa mkorn a £ftrt of tMs mbpo«m. 

Hereof Fail Not, as you will answer your default under the pains and penalties in such 
ca^es made and provided. 

To ^^1^^.^"^^ , to serve and retm-n. 

Given under my hand this ^'f^^. day of „ .'?°.*!?.^ , in the 

year of our Lord, 19. 


Chairman — Chairman of Subeommi' 
of the Committee at» Vn-Arnerican 
of Representatives. 

85333 O— 57— pt. 2 2 



Exhibit No. IB 

Attachment to Subpoena Issued OcTOBEHt 22, 1956, to Abner Green, Executive 
Secretary, American Committee for Protection of Foreign Born 

(1) All letters and copies of letters, and all leaflets and documents of every 
nature whatsoever, incoming and outgoing, passing between the American Com- 
mittee for Protection of Foreign Born, its oflBcers and agents, and the New 
England Committee for Protection of Foreign Born, the New York Committee 
for Protection of Foreign Born, the Eastern Pennsylvania (also known as Phila- 
delphia) Committee for Protection of Foreign Born, the Western Pennsylvania 
Committee for Protection of Foreign Born, the Ohio Committee for Protection 
of Foreign Born, the Midwest Committee for Protection of Foreign Born, the 
Michigan Committee for Protection of Foreign Born, the Minnesota Committee 
for Protection of Foreign Born, the Los Angeles Committee for Protection of 
Foreign Born, the Northern California Committee for Protection of Foreign 
Born, Northwest (also known as Washington) Committee for Protection of For- 
eign Born, and the Oregon Committee for Protection of Foreign Born, their 
oflBcers and agents, during the i>eriod January 1, 1953 to October 20, 1956, de- 
signed to revise, repeal and influence the revision or repeal of the (a) Smith 
Act; (b) Internal Security Act; and (c) Immigration and Nationality Act. 

(2) Excerpts from the Minutes of all meetings of the American Committee 
for Protection of Foreign Born during the i>eriod January 1, 1953 to October 20, 
1956, showing all action taken and all consideration given to proposals to revise, 
repeal, and influence the revision or repeal of the (a) Smith Act; (b) Internal 
Security Act; and (c) Immigration and Nationality Act. 

Exhibit No. IC 



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Exhibit No. 2 

[Washington Star, July 28, 1951] 

Judge Jails Fourth of Reds' Bondsmen on Contempt Charge 

By the Associated Press 

New York, July 28. — A fourth Civil Rights Congress bail fund trustee, Abner 
Green, was in jail today for refusing to assist the Government's hunt for a 
quartet of fugitive, top-rung Communists. 

Jailing of Mr. Green on a contempt conviction yesterday was the top develop- 
ment as United States authorities pushed a home-front offensive against domes- 
tic Reds. 

Another action was a motion to force William Z. Foster, the ailing titular 
head of Amei'ican communism, to supply a new $10,000 bail or go to jail. He 
currently is free on Civil Rights Congress' bail, which has been outlawed by a 
Federal judge. 


The 12th secondary Communist, William Schneiderman, failed to get his 
$100,000 bond reduced before a Federal commissioner here. Schneiderman, the 
party's California chairman, reportedly has assumed the national leadership 
with other Red bigwigs in jail or hiding. Unable to put up the bond, he him- 
self remained in jail. 

Altogether there are 34 American Communists under indictment on charges 
of conspiring to teach violent overthrow of the United States Government. 

Eleven more, the party's "first-team" hierarchy, have been convicted on the 
same charge ; but only seven surendered to serve prison terms of three to five 

The other four — Robert Thompson, Gus Hall, Gilbert Green and Henry 
Winston — jumped a total of $80,000 Civil Right Congress supplied bail, starting 
the current legal actions against the Reds' bail "angels." 


Federal Judge Sylvester Ryan opened the hearings, seeking to find out the 
identities of subscribers to the bail fund. He said that such a course might 
provide a clue to the missing Reds. 

But the bail fund's trustees balked, and Judge Ryan sentenced three to jail 
for contempt. He gave Millionaire Leftist Frederick Vanderbilt Field 90 days 
and Mystery Writer Dashiell Hammett and W. Alphaeus Hunton each six 
months. All are appealing. 

Federal Judge John F. X. McGoney (McGohey) meted out Green's six month 
contempt sentence yesterday when Green flatly told him "I will not obey" court 
orders to produce Civil Rights Congress' records before a Federal grand jury. 

Green had been ordered to produce the records as well as those of a related 
group, the American Committee for the Protection of Foreign Born. Both 
outfits are on the United States Attorney General's list of subversive organiza- 

Obviously, prepared for the judge's action, Green's attorney carried into the 
courtroom a prepared notice of appeal from the contempt sentence. 

Judge McGohey scheduled a further hearing for Green Monday and posed 
the threat of a second contempt sentence at that time. 

Three Women Communists Ordered To Post Higher Bail 

San Francisco, July 28. — Three women arrested here in an FBI roundup 
of California Communist leaders remained at liberty this morning, but were 
ordered behind bars by noon unless they raise additional bail. 

Federal Judge Louis E. Goodman yesterday set $50,000 as bail for each of the 
three women and four men arrested here. That lowered the bail for the men, 
who had been held in lieu of $75,000. Two of the women, however, had been 
admitted to $2,500 bail and the third to $7,500. They contended the increased 
amount was "outrageous." 

Judge Goodman gave them until noon to raise it. 

In addition to the seven persons arrested here, five were held in Los Angeles 
and New York. 


The Justice Department officials said they will ask indictments on all 12 
in Los Angeles on charges of plotting to teach and advocate violent overthrow 
of the United States Government. 

In increasing the bail for the three women, Judge Goodman said the charges 
call for "substantial" bail and he could see no reason for the women to have a 
different amount than the men. 

Exhibit No. 3 

[New York Beacon. October 7, 1955] 

(Issued by American Committee for Protection of Foreign Born, 
23 West 26th Street, New York 10, N. Y., MU 4-3458) 

New York Committee Annual Conference Meeting, in Special Session, Votes 
Merger of New York and American Committees 

On September 8, 1955, meeting in a special reconvened session, the Annual 
Conference of the New York Committee for Protection of Foreign Born voted 
unanimously to merge the NYCPFB with the American Committee for Protec- 
tion of Foreign Born. 

The merger was voted to assure that the work in behalf of the rights of 
foreign born residing in New York State would be maintained at the highest 
possible level. 

In August. New York State Attorney Genei'al Jacob J. (K.) Javits initiated 
action in the New York Supreme Court to force the production of the books and 
records of the ACPFB and XYCPFB. A subpena was issued bearing the names of 
Mrs. Anita Block, Hugo Gellert, Capt. Hugh Mulzac, NYCPFB cochairman, along 
with Alex Jones, NYCPFB executive secretary, and Abner Green, ACPFB execu- 
tive secretary. 

The attorney general used as a pretext that the ACPFB and NYCPFB were 
in violation of the State law dealing with charitable and philanthropic organ- 

Only Abner Green was served with the subpena, and he must appear before 
the New York State Supreme Court on October 11 to answer. 

In view of the fact that two organizations were involved, as well as officers 
of both, the Conference delegates felt that by merging the two organizations 
one concentrated defense would be planned instead of two. 

The entire staff of the NYCPFB was amalgamated with that of the ACPFB. 
The campaigns and issues initiated by the NYCPFB are being continued, with 
siiecial emphasis placed upon the challenge of the Walter-McCarran Law Super- 
visory Parole provisions scheduled to be argued before the United States Supreme 
Court on October 19. 

The New York Beacon will continue to service New York State, and the former 
NYCPFB staff will likewise devote its major attention to work in New York 

Calendar of Coming Events 

October 8 : Testimonial Supper honoring Charles Musil. Yugoslav Hall. Res- 
ervations, $2 a person. 

October 18: Delegation to Washington to hear Supervisory Parole argument 
before United States Supreme Court. 

November 21, 22: Open Hearings on Walter-McCarran Law in Wa.shington 
before Immigration Subcommittee. See page 4. 

December 3 : Banquet honoring officers of ACPFB. Yugoslav Hall. Reserva- 
tions, $5 a person. 

December 10: National Conference at Hotel TuUer, Detroit, Mich. 

In honor of 8 years of service to the foreign born, the American Committee 
tenders a testimonial supper honoring Charles Musil, S p. m., Saturday, Octo- 
ber 8, 1955, Yugoslav Hall, 405 West 41st Street, New York City. 


Exhibit No. 4A 

Fight Deportation Month, March 1951 

American Committee for Protection of Foreign Born : Honorary Cochairmen : 
Dr. Thomas Mann, Bishop Arthur W. Moulton ; Cochairmen : Rev. John W. Darr, 
Jr., George B. Murphy, Jr. ; Executive Secretary : Abner Green ; Administrative 
Secretary : Harriet Barron. 

Memorandum on Fight Deportation Month 

March 1951 was designated as "Fight Deportation Month" by the National 
Conference to Defend the Bill .of Rights, which met in New York City, on 
December 2 and 3, 1950. 

Despite decisions by 14 Federal District Court Judges, as well as the ITnited 
States Court of Appeals in San Francisco, that the Attorney General does not 
have the power to arbitrarily hold noncitizens without bail, seven noncitizens 
are in their third month of illegal imprisonment in Detroit, Duluth, Seattle, 
and Los Angeles. The Justice Department continues to use legal tricks to hold 
these seven noncitizens without bail, while appeals are pending in their cases. 

In addition, the Justice Department is holding more than 50 deportation 
hearings in all parts of the country in an illegal star-chamber manner. These 
deportation hearings have no semblance of democratic process and are an insult 
to decent and self-respecting noncitizens. The Justice Department is rushing 
deportation hearings with indecent haste, trying to get speedy orders for the 
deportation of noncitizens so that it can arrest these noncitizens, under the 
McCarran law, and try to hold them for 6 months without bail after the order 
of deportation is entered. 

Under the McCarran law, all noncitizens were ordered to report their current 
address to the Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization — in police-state 
style during the first 10 days of January 1951. This now becomes a yearly 
occurrence, and is one more attempt to make a police-state procedure a perma- 
nent fixture in American life. 

These and other attempts to destroy the democratic rights of foreign-born 
Americans must be widely publicized and fought during the coming year. Fight 
Deportation Month — March 1951 — can serve the important function of guarantee- 
ing maximum mobilization of all forces in the fight against the deportation 
hysteria, to register special protest during that month, and to prepare for a 
continuous campaign for the balance of the year to exjiose and defeat these 
vicious attacks on the democratic and constitutional rights of noncitizens. 

In order to bring to the attention of the American people the seriousness of 
the current deportation hysteria and the danger it presents for all Americans — 
native as well as foreign born — we suggest below several activities during the 
month of March 1951. Those suggestions should not in any way preclude any 
ideas local committees or local communities may have which may be more 
applicable to a community, a national group, or an individual case. 

Exhibit No. 4B 

MAItCH 1-10, 19.51 

1. Local community conferences, or national group conferences, or conferences 
developed on the basis of a specific case should be organized for a thorough dis- 
cussion of McCarran Law deportation, the star-chamber deportation hearings, 
the illegal rearrests and unconstitutional denial of bail, as well as the general 
persecution of foreign-born Americans and its meaning and significance to organ- 
ized labor, the national groups, and all other sections of the American people, 
with special emphasis on its meaning to native-born Americans. 

2. Meetings or parties should be arranged in honor of the families of the 
deportees in preparation for their .ioining with the families of other deportees 
in Wa.shington and present protests on the treatment of members of their families. 
Funds should be raised at these meetings or parties to pay for the expenses of 
the families going to Washington, or for the general fight against deportation. 
The meetings of parties should be widely publicized in the local press. Leaflets 
with photographs of the deportees and their famlies should be distributed. 


MARCH 10-25, 1951 

The campaign around the families going to Washington should continue until 
the time they leave. Local organizations should be contacted for time on the 
agenda of their meetings to take up the whole question of the deportation drive, 
the brutal treatment of the American citizen families in the attempt to separate 
fathers and mothers from children, and husbands from wives, as well as the 
general danger to all Americans in this attack on the foreign born. 

MARCH 26, 1951 

1. A press conference should be held with invitations sent to the local metro- 
politan press, foreign language, labor, church, community, and civic newspapers 
and publications. The families of deportees — especially those going to Wash- 
ington — should be pre.sent to be interviewed by the press as well as a few 
prominent members of the community, national group, or defense committee. 

2. On the day of departure the press should be informed and a delegation 
organized to go to the railroad station and/or airport with the families. 

MARCH 27, 28, 1951 

The families of the deportees will meet in Washington on March 27 and 28 
to protest to the President, Attorney General, Commissioner of Immigration and 
Naturalization. Congre.ssmen and other government officials. A program of 
activity in Washington is now being organized and details will be .sent to you 

MARCH 2 0-3 1, 1951 

The weekend of the return to their homes of the families should he utilized 
for meetings and parties to report on the Washington visit and plans for con- 
tinued activities around the deportation victims. 

Additional plans and suggestions will be sent to you. In the meantime, it 
may be a good idea to meet with the deportees and start canvassing which rela- 
tives of the deportees will be able to join the Washington mobilization. ( See 
special questionnaire enclosed.) 

Please keep us informed on all plans for activities around Fight Deportation 
Month. We feel that if plans for activities are worked out immediately a great 
job can be done throughout the country by pre.senting the issue of deportation 
to American families who are directly affected but that deportations are 
a forerunner to the curtailment of democratic rights and liberties for all. 

Exhibit No. 5 

[The Lamp, January-February 1955, No. 87] 

(Published monthly by the American Committee for Protection of Foreign Born, 
23 W. 26 St., New York 10, N. Y.— $1.00 a year) 

National Conference Elects ACPFB OflBcers 

The National Conference to Defend the Rights of Foreign Born Americans, held 
in New York City on December 11 and 12, was attended by 32:^ participants from 
16 states and the District of Columbia. The Conference elected as officers of 
the ACPFB for the coming year: Honorary Co-Chairmen : Kt. Rev. Arthur W. 
Moulton, Salt Lake City ; Prof. Louise Pettibone Smith, New Haven : Co-Chair- 
men : Rev. Kenneth Ripley Forbes, of Philadelphia : Mr. George B. Murphy, Jr., 
Washington, D. C. (The resolutions and program adopted by the National Con- 
ference serve as the basis of the ACPFB program for 1955 reported on Page 3.) 

Appeal Ten-Year Sentence in Case of" Knut Heikkinen 

Oral argument took place in the U. S. Court of Appeals in Chicago on January 21 
in the case of Knut Heikkinen, 65-year-old editorial writer of "Tyomies- 
Eteenpain," Finnish-American daily newspaper of Superior, Wisconsin. 
Heikkinen was sentenced to ten years' imprisonment for allegedly violating the 


self -deportation provisions of the Walter-McCarran Law. Heikkinen, who has 
been a resident of the U. S. since 1916, was ordered deported to Finland in 1952 
on the ground of past membership in the Communist Party. In 1953, he was 
indicted for "willfully" failing to apply for a passport after having been ordered 
deported. The appeal challenges the contsitutionality of the self-deportation 
provisions of the Walter-McCarran Law. It was argued by M. Michael Essin, 
Milwaukee attorney. Kenneth Enkel, Minneapolis attorney, is associated with 
Mr. Essin in Heikkinen's defense. 

U. S. Supreme Court Accepts Appeal on Walter-McCarran Law Provision 

On January 31, the U. S. Supreme Court accepted the appeal in the case of 14 
noncitizens, all New York City residents, challenging the reasonableness and con- 
stitutionality of the Supervisory Parole conditions of the Walter-McCarran Law. 
No date has been set as yet by the Supreme Court to hear oral argument in the 
appeal from the decision by Court of Appeals Judge Medina, who held that the 
14 had no case since no one was being "harmed." Blanch Freedman and Gloria 
Agrin, New York attorneys, are representing the 14 noncitizens. No decision 
has been made as yet by the Supreme Court on the petition for certiorari filed by 
William Heikkila, 48, of San Francisco, in his deportation case. Heikkila, who 
was born in Finland while his parents were visiting there and was brought into 
this country when three months old, was arrested in deportation proceedings in 
1947 on the basis of former membership in the Communist Party. Lloyd McMur- 
ray, San Francisco attorney, is representing Heikkila. 

ACPFB Tours of Major Centers 

Harriet Barron, administrative secretary, ACPFB, toured the Midwest in 
February in preparation for the National Legislative Conference. Mrs. Barron s 
tour schedule was : Februai-y 4 — Pittsburgh ; February 6 — Cleveland ; February 
7 — Detroit ; February 13 — Minneapolis ; February 15— -Chicago. 

Abner Green, executive secretary, ACPFB, will tour West Coast areas : March 
3 — St. Louis ; March 5 — San Francisco ; March 6 — Sacramento ; March 7 — Oak- 
land ; March 9 — Astoria; March 10 — Portland; March 12 — Seattle; March 13 — 
Aberdeen ; March 14 — Bellingham ; March 15 — Sedro WooUey and Everett ; 
March 16 — Petaluma ; March 17 — Los Angeles ; March 23 — Salt Lake City ; March 
24— Washington, D. C. 

Schedule of Conferences 

Conferences scheduled to develop local programs for repeal of the Walter 
McCarran Law and defense of its victims include: Michigan State — February 
27, in Detroit ; Northern California — March 5, in San Francisco ; Washington 
State — March 12, in Seattle; New York State — March 19, in New York City; 
Southern California — March 19, in Los Angeles ; Midwest — March 20, in Chicago ; 
West Coast Defense Committees — March 20, in Los Angeles; National Legisla- 
tive Conference — March 27, in Washington, D. C. 

Walter-McCarran Law Spells Greater Hardships 

Many cases active during the past few months served to emphasize the harsh- 
ness and cruelty of the Walter-McCarran Law deportation provisions. We list 
only four of these cases as examples. 

On December 31, Robert N. Galvan was deported from San Diego, California, 
to Mexico, leaving behind his wife and five children, all native born citizens. 
Galvan entered the U. S. in 1918 and was- deported on the charge of past mem- 
bership in the Communist Party. 

Meanwhile, the Immigration Service was preparing to deport John Schedel, of 
Galveston, Texas., to West Germany. The German consul in Houston promised 
to issue a passport for Schedel. John Schedel is 70 years old, suffering from 
angina pectoris, high blood pressure, hardening of the arteries and glaucoma. 
Writing to the ACPFB, Schedel says, "I can only walk 100 or less yards at a 
time then I get those terrible pains in my chest. * * *" Schedel's wife, to whom 
he has been married 46 years, would have to stay in the U. S. So would his 
5 children, 12 grandchildren, and 5 great grandchildren. 

In Seattle, Walter Baer was arrested for deportation to Germany. In the 
1930's, the Immigration Service tried to deport Baer, at that time a resident of 


Portland, Oregon, on the ground that in his youth he had committed crimes in- 
volving "moral turpitude." Baer's deportation was prevented by action taken 
at that time by Oregon Senator McNary and Governor Snell. But, 20 years 
later, Walter Baer was arrested for deportation — because he had failed to re- 
port to the Attorney General a change in address when he moved from Portland 
to Seattle as required by the Walter-McCarran Law. 

In January, the Board of Immigration Appeals heard argument in the case of 
Leon Callow, of Niles, Ohio. Callow, father of nine American-born children, 
faces deportation to Greece. His oldest son, Carl, 19, has been a member of the 
U. S. armed forces since September 1954. 

Exhibit No. 6 

[Bulletin, American Committee for Protection of Foreign Born — Special — December 1, 


State Legislatures 

The Walter-McCarran Law is Federal legislation, adopted by the United States 
Congress. There is, therefore, nothing that any State or local legislature can do 
about the provisions of the Law since only Congress can repeal or amend it. 

State and local legislature.s, however, can make important contributions to the 
fight to repeal or amend the Walter-McCarran Law. This can be done by the 
legislature adopting a Memorial to Congress, or perhaps a special Resolution to 
Memorialize Congress. 

It is suggested that you try to carry out the following program : 

( 1 ) Find out the appropriate legislative action that can be taken by State 
and local legislatures in your State. 

(2) Arrange to see as many members of the State and local legislatures 
as possible before the next session to discuss with them introducing appro- 
priate legislation. 

(3) As soon as legislation is introduced, please notify us and send us a 
copy of whatever is introduced. 

(4) Communicate immediately with all contacts, organizations, and indi- 
viduals in the State or community to get communications to members of the 
State or local legislatures supporting adoption of the Memorial to Congress. 

(5) Plan and carry out other suitable activities and campaigns to publicize 
the pending legislation and to get support for its enactment. 

We enclose, as guides, copies of legislation introduced in State and local legis- 
latures in the past. This is intended as a guide to you, and also to help convince 
State or local legislators to take action. Attached are copies of legislation from : 

( 1 ) The Commonwealth of Massachusetts, State Legislature 

( 2 ) City Council of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 

( 3 ) New York State Assembly 

(4) New Jersey State Senate 

(5) Pennsylvania State House of Representatives 


House Resolution No. 317 (Adopted January 1953) 

Resolutions Memorializing Congress to investigate and consider the feasibility 
of amending the Immigration and Nationality Act, commonly known as the 
McCarran-Walter Act. or to repeal the same 

Whereas the Immigration and Nationality Act, Public Law 414, being chapter 
477 of the acts of the 82nd Congress, second session and commonly called the 
McCarran-Walter Act, is unduly restrictive in its effects upon certain ethnological 
minorities ; and 

Whereas such restriction is inimical to the welfare of our country and contrary 
to the high concept of the founders of this nation of freedom, liberty and justice 
for all ; and 

Whereas the terms of this act are such that they have been denounced by 
enlightened leaders of the clergy, the press and those in public life : Therefore 
be it 


Resolved, That the general court of Massachusetts hereby urges the Congress 
of the United States either to amend said Immigration and Nationality Act, so 
as to broaden its scope in order that it might be less exclusive in regard to its 
quota of certain nationalities, or else to repeal the act ; and be it further 

Resolved, That copies of these resolutions be transmitted forthwith by the 
state secretary to the President of the United States, to the presiding office of 
each branch of Congress and to the members thereof from this commonwealth. 


Passed March 18, 1954 

Resolution Memorializing the United States Congress with respect to the modifica- 
tion of the provisions of the National Immigration Act 

Whereas on December 24, 1952, the new Immigration and Nationality Act of 
1952 became effective ; and 

Whereas the plan to codify and consolidate the immigration and naturalization 
laws presented our law-givers with an excellent opportunity to remove from our 
laws pertaining to this important field various features generally felt to be incon- 
sistent with our democratic tradition and to enact a truly modern immigration 
and naturalization law ; and 

Whereas the said 1952 National Immigration Act does make an important 
contribution to human relations within the United States by eliminating all racial 
barriers in naturalization proceedings ; and 

Whereas the new law has unfortunately missed the opportunity to remove dis- 
crimination among would-be emigrants to the United States by asserting, in 
effect, through the quotas established therein, that immigrants from northern 
Europe are more desirable to the United States than immigrants from southern 
and eastern Europe ; and 

Whereas the 1952 National Immigration Act violates the American ideal of 
complete equality of all citizens before the law by providing special tests and 
penalties for naturalized citizens which do not apply to native-born citizens ; and 

Whereas both the Republican and Democratic Parties, in the election cam- 
paign of 1952, felt impelled to call for a revision of the 1952 National Immigra- 
tion Act, since the new enactment has been generally described as a "racist, 
discriminatory and retrogressive measure," and there is every evidence of con- 
certed belief that the law should be rewritten and a law presented to strike an 
"intelligent, unbigoted balance between the immigration welfare of America 
and the prayerful hopes of the unhappy and the oppressed" ; and 

Whereas although it is necessary and proper that our immigration laws con- 
tain provisions to prevent the entry into our country of persons who might 
engage in espionage and other subversive activities, they should not be used as 
a device for erecting an iron curtain around our shores and excluding many 
people who might well contribute greatly to the strengthening of our country : 

Resolved by the Council of the City of Philadelphia, That the Ck)ngress of the 
United States is hereby memorialized to revise the 1952 National Immigration 
Act, and to provide a modern and democratic immigration system. 

Resolved, That a certified copy of this resolution be transmitted to the Presi- 
dent of the United States, to the presiding officers of the United States Senate 
and the House of Representatives, to the two Senators from Pennsylvania, and 
to the members of the House of Representatives from Philadelphia. 


Assembly Resolution No. 11 (Adopted by Assembly, 1953) 

Whereas the people of the United States have always recognized the contribu- 
tion which so many Americans of foreign birth and descent have made in the 
growth, progress and development of the United States of America ; and 

Whereas these peoples have earned the respect and confidence of all Americans 
in their effort to recover from the devastating effects of World War II without 
relying upon self pity ; and 

Whereas the freedom-loving peoples of the world have courageously and with 
determination applied themselves to the rebuilding of their beautiful, friendly 
and industrious nations; and 


Whereas it is increasingly evident that the McCarran-Walter Immigration 
Law, which Congress approved over President Truman's veto, is in several of 
its provisions discriminatory against the freedom-loving people on account of 
their foreign birth or national origin ; and 

Whereas the American principle of equality before the law is violated by 
some provisions of the Act referring to naturalized citizens; and 

Whereas the restrictions enacted in this law against former members of to- 
talitarian organizations, who have been converted to democracy, are detrimental 
to the interests of the people of a free world ; and 

Whereas the Democratic Party in its 1952 campaign platform pledged "Con- 
tinuing revision of our immigration and naturalization laws to do away with 
any unjust and unfair practices against national groups which have contributed 
some of our best citizens. We will eliminate distinctions between native born 
and naturalized citizens. W^e want no 'second-class' citizens in t"Yee America" ; 

Whereas our recently elected President of the United States, Dwight D. Eisen- 
hower gave pledges to the people during the election campaign of 1952 that he 
would favor and support a revision of the discriminatory clauses of the McCar- 
ran-Walter Immigration Act, and revise the present unrational and unjust 
(luota system so as to reestablish before the law equality of all citizens, both 
native and naturalized, and to allow admission of former members of totalitarian 
organizations who have proven convincingly, over a reasonable period of years, 
that they have become valiant fighters for freedom and against all kinds of 
dictatorship; and 

Whereas our immigration laws and regulations are necessarily an integral 
part of the requirements of the foreign i)olicy of the I'nited States, these laws 
should be administered to provide a haven for the downtrodden victims of politi- 
cal, racial, and religious persecution so that our nation will stand out as a beacon 
light of liberty and freedom at the court of World Public Opinion, therefore, be it 

Resolved (if the Senate eoneur), That the Congress of the United States be 
and it is hereby respectfully memorializetl to enact such legislation as to make 
available to the people of such nations as are friendly to the United States, the 
unused wartime immigration quota of such nations ; and be it further 

Resolved (if the Senate eoneur), That copies of this resolution be transmitted 
to the President of the United States, the Secretary of the Senate, and the Clerk 
of the House of Representatives of the United States and to each member of 
Congress of the Unitetl States duly elected from the State of New York. 


Senate Joint Resolution No. 11 (not passed) 

Joint Resolution memorializing the Congress of the United States and the Joint 
Congressional Committee m Immigration and Nationality Policy to rewrite 
the "Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952" 

Whereas the Eighty-second Congress of the United States, in its second session, 
passed on June twenty-sixth, one thousand nine hundred and fifty-two, the 
•'Immigration and Nationality Act" ; and 

Whereas we must guard our legitimate national interests and be faithful to 
<^ur basic ideas of freedom and fairness for all ; and 

Whereas the said Immigration and Nationally Act in fact and in law discrimi- 
nates against persons by reason of this national origin, race and color ; and 

Whereas the said law must be rewritten from beginning to end so that reason- 
able requirements on the character and the number of the people who come to 
share our land and our freedom can be humanely set forth ; now, therefore, be it 

Resolved by the Senate and General Assembly of the State of New Jersey: 

1. The Congress of the Ignited States be, and it hereby is, respectfully me- 
morialized to rewrite the laws relating to immigration, naturalization, and 
nationality as set forth in the "Immigration and Nationality Act" and to enact 
a new law that stall not discriminate against persons by reason of their national 
origin, and that shall contain humane and equitable provisions concerning immi- 
gration and naturalization. 

2. A copy of this resolution be transmitted by the Secretary of State to the 
Clerk of the House of Representatives, the Secretary of the Senate, each member 


on the Joint Congressional Committee on Immigration and Nationality Policy, 
and to each member of Congress duly elected from the State of New Jersey, and 
that the latter are urged to devote themselves to the task of accomplishing the 
purpose of this resolution. 

3. This Joint Resolution shall take effect immediately. 


House of Representatives, Resolution No. 16 (not passed) 

Resolution memorializing Congress to repeal the McCarran-Walter Immigration 
Act. In the House of Representatives, February 17, 1953 

Whereas the McCarran-Walter Immigration bill as enacted by Congress over 
presidential veto contains many inequitable provisions which are of great con- 
cern to fair mined and thinking citizens of this nation, and 

Whereas it is of utmost concern to this nation that a modern immigration 
system be instituted which reflects the desire of the majority of Ajnericans that 
many present residents of other areas of the world be admitted to this country 
on a basis which gives full recognition of the desirability of admitting properly 
qualified persons to this country without imposition of strict quota limitations 
to persons from certain areas, and without limitation in regard to their racial 
or national background ; therefore be it 

Resolved {if the Senate concur). That the General Assembly of the Common- 
wealth of Pennsylvania hereby memorializes the Congress of the United States 
to repeal the provisions of the McCarran-Walter Immigration Act ; and be it 

Resolved, That copies of this resolution be transmitted to the presiding officers 
of each house of the Congress of the United States and to each Senator and Rep- 
resentative from Pennsylvania in the Congress of the United States. 

Referred to the Committee on Rules, February 17. 

Exhibit No. 7A 
[The Lamp, No. 77, March-May 1953, p. 3] 

Harassment of Naturalized Citizens Stepped Up As Cases Mount 

Immediately preceding Attorney General Herbert Brownell's St. Patrick's 
Day threat that 10,000 naturalized citizens would have their citizenship taken 
away in the next few months, naturalized citizens by the hundreds received 
letters to appear at the Immigration and Naturalization Service. Coupled with 
the letters, there was a rash of denaturalization proceedings started. Constan- 
tine Radzi, Louis W^einstock, Isidore Begun, V. J. Jerome, were among those 
against whom proceedings were initiated. In each case, court action is i)end- 
ing. In the case of Salvatore Laurenti of Akron. Ohio, his case will come to 
trial on June 5th. As the Justice Department seeks full implementation of the 
Walter-McCarran Law, it has attempted, as one phase, the complete intimida- 
tion of naturalized citizens through calling them for "interviews." The Amer- 
ican Committee pointed out in its recently issued Fact Sheet on Denaturaliza- 
tion Provisions of the Walter-McCarran Law : "Naturalized citizens have the 
right to refuse to appear in response to such a communication from the Im- 
migration and Naturalization Service, which has no authority over American 

Charles Doyle and Harry Yaris Victims of Double Punishment 

Charles Doyle and Harry Yaris, whose bail had been cancelled were sud- 
denly removed from Ellis Island on April 7 and taken to the West Street 
Federal House of Detention. The transfer took place following the men's re- 
fusal to eat meals in an unclean and airless warehouse. The food incident was 
the culmination of a series of indignities accorded political detainees on Ellis 
Island. When Doyle and Yaris were removed to West Street, eight remaining 
political detainees on the Island refused to eat in the warehouse for two days 
as a protest against the treatment accorded to Doyle and Yaris. A delegation 


headed by Professor Ephraim Cross, Professor Emeritus of the College of 
New York, and Ewart Guinier, Chairman of the Greater New York Negro Labor 
Council, visited Edward J. Shaughnessy. District Director of Immigration and 
Naturalization, to protest the treatment accorded political detainees. A writ 
of habeas corpus was argued in the Federal District Court demanding that, 
if the two are to be continued to be held without bail, they be accorded the 
same treatment as other detainees. On April 29 Judge Edward Dimock dis- 
missed the writ because the treatment accorded Doyle and Yarisi was "not 
suflSciently inhuman" to warrant judicial action. In the meantime, Yaris suf- 
fering from an acute gall bladder condition, was removed to the Prison Ward 
at Bellevue Hospital in New York, while Doyle continues to be held in the 
West Street Federal House of Detention. 

Justice Department Seeks to Extend Denial of Bail 

The Justice Department is consciously trying to create the basis for deny- 
ing bail to all persons arrested in deportation proceedings because of alleged 
political beliefs. To date the following are held without bail : Katherine 
Hyndman, County Jail, Crown, Point, Ind. ; Harry Yaris, Charles A. Doyle, 
Federal Detention Center, New York City ; Giacomo Quattrone, Immigration 
Detention Center, East Bo.ston, Mass. ; Herman Nixon, Goldie Davidoff, Israel 
Blankenstein, Gilberto Ruiz, Ellis Island, New York. In the Carlson case, 
decided by the Sitpreme Court, March 10, 1952, that body ruled that active 
Communists could be held without bail pending determination of deportability. 
However, in the Nixon and Davidoff cases, Nixon is charged with PAST mem- 
bership in the Communist Party and Davidoff with AFFILIATION with the 
Communist Party. These cases become extremely important for here the Justice 
Department's attempt at extension of the Carlson decision is most obvious. 
Coupled with this extension, the Justice Department tries to speed through hear- 
ings and appeals before the Board of Immigration Appeals, to create a situation 
whereby the time a Judge has ruled on the issue of denying bail, a final order 
of deportation will have been handed down mooting the question. For, after a 
final order has been handed down, the Justice Department can try to hold 
the non-citizen for six months thereafter. Such is the calculated intent of the 
Justice Department to lay the basis for complete denial of bail throughout 
deportation proceedings. 

Committee Pi'blications 

The Walter-McCarran Lnir — Police-State Terror for Foreign-Born Americans. 
48 pages. Available May 25th. A detailed analysis of the provisions of the Law 
and their effect on the rights of the American people. Single copy : 25c. 50 for 
$10 ; 100 for $18.50. 

The Walter-McCarran Law. 36 pages. Contains 111 excerpts from statements 
made before the President's Commission on Immigration and Naturalization 
during October 1952. Single copy : 25c. 50 for $10 ; 100 for $20. 

A Fact Sheet on Denaturalization Provisions of the Walter-McCarran Law and 
containing also the rights of foi'eign-born Americans has recently been published. 
The Fact Sheet is available at He a copy. Quantity orders are $3.00 for 100; 
$25.00 for 1,000. 

A lapel tab with the slogan "Repeal Walter-McCarran Law" is now ready. 
These tabs are an excellent means of popularizing the opposition to the Walter- 
McOarran Law. Tabs may be ordered in quantity at 100 for $3.00; 1,000 for 

All the above may be secured from : American Committee for Protection of 
Foreign Born, 23 West 26th Street, New York 10, N. Y. 

National Conference of Defense Commitfees 

A National Conference of Defense Committee will be held in New York City 
on June 12, 13, and 14. The Conference will be devoted to discussing and plan- 
ning next steps in the fight to repeal the Walter-McCarran Law and defend its 

Midwest Tour to Carry Fight for Repeal for Law 

A tour of Midwestern cities will be conducted by Abner Green, executive 
secretary, AOPFB, during June as a part" of the Committee's efforts to advance 


the nationwide campaign for repeal of the Walter-McCarran Law and to estab- 
lish a basis in the Midwest for an effective defense of the ACPFB. Mr. Green's 
tour schedule is : 

June 18 — Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 

June 19 — Minneapolis, Minn. 

June 21 — Ironwood, Michigan. 

June 23 — Mass, Michigan. 

June 24 — Eben Junction, Mich. 

June 25 — Brantwood, Wisconsin. 

June 26 — Duluth, Minnesota. 

June 28 — Hibbing, Minnesota. 

June 30 — Chicago, Illinois. 

July 1-T-Cleveland, Ohio. 

Justice Department Threatens Wife of Los Angeles Deportee 

On March 31, Mrs. Consuelo Espinoza was ordered to appear before the Immi- 
gration Service concerning her status. Mrs. Espinoza, a non-citizen, is the mother 
of eight American-born children and has been active in defense of her husband, 
Elias, U. S. resident for 48 years and World War I veteran, who faces deportation 
to Mexico on political grounds. 

Government Witnesses Held to Have Lied 

On April 20, the Board of Immigration Appeals terminated deportation pro- 
ceedings in the case of Frederico Domingo, Filipino-American of Portland, 
Oregon, on the ground that the witnesses appearing against him could not be 
believed. However, the same government witnesses were believed in the case of 
six other Filipino-Americans last year when the Board of Immigration Appeals 
sustained their deportation. 



Exhibit No. 7B 
The Lamp, No. 80, Nov.- Dec, 1953, p. 4 


On August 3, thirty-two members of the U. S. Congress sponsored the Lehman-Celler Bill providing 
for repeal of the Walter-McCarran Law and proposing a new immigration and naturalization law for the 
country. It was expected that the House and Senate Judiciary Committees would hold public hearings on the 
Lehman-Celler Bill when Congress reconvenes in January 1954. However, oil September 24, "The New 
York Times" reported an agreement existed between Senator McCarran and Republican leaders that Con- 
gress would not consider any amendments to the Walter-McCarran Law in 1954. This Congressional con- 
spiracy aims to table the Lehman-Celler Bill in conunittee without any public hearings or any considera- 
tion of publicly-demanded changes in the Walter-McCarran Law. This conspiracy, directed against the best 
interests of the American people, must be defeated as a first step toward repeal of the Walter-McCarran Law. 

Disclosure of the Congressional conspiracy 
brought immediate nationwide protests as well 
«s intensification of repeal efforts in all parts 
of the country. 

In New York City, on November 11, Senator 
Herbert H. Lehman announced the formation 
of the National Committee for the Revision of 
the Immigration and Citizenship Laws. Senator 
Lehman is serving as unoSicial coordinator of 
the Committee until it is set up on a perma- 
nent basis. 

In Los Angeles, on November 1, a Confer- 
ence on Immigration and Naturalization voted 
to form a permanent citizens committee to 
amend the Walter-McCarran Law. Participants 
included AFL, CIO, Council of Catholic Wo- 
men, Episcopal Diocese, Jewish War Veterans, 
American Association of University Women, 
Lutheran Welfare Service, American-Italian 
Democratic Council, YWCA, Mexican Chamber 
of Commerce. 

In Pittsburgh, on October 21. twenty-five 
Alleghany County organizations established the 
Immigration and Naturalization Study Commit- 
tee to bring to public attention the injustices 
in the Walter-McCarran Law. 

On November 2, the National Committee 
to Repeal the McCarran Acts made public an 
Open Letter to P(esident Eisenhower urging 
him to support the Lehman-Celler Bill. Signers 
of the Open Letter included Emily Green 
Balch. Dr. Edwin T. Dahlberg, Prof. Arthur 
L. Swift, Jr., Prof. James Luther Adams, Prof. 
Kirtley F. Mather, Bishop Edward L. Parsons. 

On October 8, the San Francisco membership 
of the Marine Cooks and Stewards Union went 
on record urging that public hearings be held 
by Congressional committees on the Lehman- 
Celler Bill. 

In New York Gty, on October 15, the West 
Side Committee for Revision of the McCarran- 
Walter Immigration Act held a Public Rally. 
Participants included Congressmen Franklin D. 
Roosevelt, Jr., and Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., 
Canon Darby Wood Betts, Rabbi Ira Eisen- 
stein, and State Senator Julius A. Archibald. 

In New York City, on November 11, Rabbi 
Louis S. Gross, editor of "The Jewish Exam- 
iner," made public a petition for repeal c>f 
the Walter-McCarran Law signed by 20,000 

UE issues Pamphlet 

On OHo Miller Case 

An excellent pamphlet, "Democracy in 
Danger — the Story of the Deportation Case 
Against Otto Miller," has been issued by 
UE District 8, 2r0o Third Avenue, Rock 
Island, Illinois. Miller, 50, resident of St. 
Louis, face deporution to Gerauay oo political 

persons. Signers of the petition included Mon- 
signor John O'Grady, of the National Catholic 
Charities ; Clarence Pickett, of the American 
Friends Service Committee; Walter Van Kirk, 
of the National Council of Churches of Christ 
in America; Irving Engel, of the American 
Jewish Committee. 

On November 18, the 15th National Conven- 
tion of the Congress of Industrial Organiza- 
tions urged that the Walter-McCarran Law be 
repealed. The CIO called for a "new policy on 
immigration and naturalization" and for "equal 
justice for aliens and citizens alike." 

ACPFB Campaign 

A nationwide campaign to support the de- 
mand for public hearfngs on the Lehman-Celler 
Bill was launched by the ACPFB: 

A printed post-card addressed to the Senate 
and House Judiciary Committees to be sent by 
individuals urges public hearings. 

A Petitioii to the Congress of the U. S. calls 
on Congress to hold public hearings on the 
Lehman-Celler Bill when it reconvenes in Jan- 

A special folder on the Walter-McCarran 
Ltv discusses the importwice of the Lehman- 
Celler Bill and the conspiracy against public 

A round-robin Open Letter to Congress, now 
being signed by prominent Americans, calls 
for public hearings for the Lehman-Celler Bill. 

Next steps in the ACPFB campaign will be 
developed by the National Conference for Re- 
peal of the Walter-McCarran Law and De- 
tense of Its Victims, which is to meet in 
Chicago, Illinois, on December 12 and 1). 


1. Write to your Congressmen urging 
they do everything they can to secure put 
lie hearings for the Lehman-Celler Bill 
when Congress reconvenes in January 1954. 
If possible, see your Congressmen is person. 

2. Order a quantity of the special post- 
card for public hearings on the Lehman- 
Celler Bill (100 for $3.00) and i quantity 
of the new folder on the Walter-McCarran 
Law (100 for <2.00). 

3. Send for a copy of the Petition to 
Congress for Public Hearings for the Leh- 
man-Celler Bill and get ligtutures to the 

4. Participate in the National Conference 
for Repeal of the Walter-McCarran Law 
and Defense of Its Victims, to be held in 
Chicago on December 12 and 13. (Write 
to the ACPFB for a copy of the Conference 

Good Enough To Die for This Country 

But Not Good Enough to Live in U.S. 

Two Japanese-Americans, both with war- 
time service in the Office of Strategic Services, 
both of them serving for the U. S. during the 
war in Japan with the U S. Strategic Bombing 
Survey, were arrested during the past mon'h 
for deportation and exile from the U. S.i under 
the Walter-McCarran Law. In Chicago, George 
Hiroshi Nishi, 49, hu.sband of an American 
citizen, and former official of the Japanese 
Gardners Association of Southern California. 
In Los Angeles, Paul Shinsei Kochi, 61, re- 
sident of U. S. for 35 years, member of the 
AFL Building Service Employees Union and 
the Okinawa Relief Committee. 

Mother of 8 Arrested for Deportation 
For Second Time in Eighteen Years 

On October 28, 1935. Frances Perkins, Sec- 
retary of Labor, cancelled deportation proceed- 
ings against Mrs. Stella Petrosky, a young 34- 
year-old mother of 8 children. The cturges 
alleged she was a member of an organization 
advocating the forceful overthrow of the U. S. 
Government. On August 12, 1953, Mrs. Petro- 
sky, now 52, mother of 8 children and 16 
grandchildren, was arrested once again in 
deportation proceedings. This time Walter- 
McCarran Law charges allege she held past 
membership in the Communist Party and 
Young Communist League. Re-arrest of Mrs. 
Petrosky shows the vicious retroactive use to 
which the Justice Department is putting the 
Walter-McCarran Law. Despite the fact the 
Secretary of Labor cancelled deportation pro- 
ceedings against Mrs. Petrosky. the Waller- 
McCarran Law permits rearrest today. 


We wonder whether historians will record 
the fact that Attorney General Brownell prob- 
ably sprained his" wrist on July 21 patting 
himself on the back for his "outstandifig 
achievement" that day in saving the United 
States government from "imminent destruc- 
tion" at the hands of an "alien" force. For, 
on that day, two burly Justice Department 
agents swooped down on Mary Baumert at 
her hotne in Elsinore, Califoftiia, and arrested 
her in deportation proceedings. The record, 
however, relates that Mn. Baumert, once active 
in Jewish women's organizations, is 73 years 
old and has lived in the U. S. for 52 years. 
Mrs. Baumert never threatened the United 
States government, even when much younger 
and more vigorous. But, oo July 21, the 
Walter-McCarran Law rode again with the 
Attorney General astride, supported bf two 
burly Justice Department agents. 


Exhibit No. 7C 

[The Lamp, No. 85, September-October 1954] 

100 Prominent Americans Sponsor National Conference 

One hundred prominent Americans have joined in serving as Sponsors of 
the National Conference to Defend the Rights of Foreign Born Americans, 
which is scheduled to be held at Yugosbiv-American Hall, 40.^) West 41st Street, 
New York City, on Saturday and Sunday, I>^cember 11 and 12, 1954. The 
National Conference, initiated by the ACPFB, will consider plans to promote 
speedy repeal of the Walter-McCarran Law in 1955 and to guarantee adequate 
defense of the 400 deportation and denaturalization cases now pending under 
this law. Conference Calls, and other material, are now available and can be 
obtained by writing to the American Committee for Protection of Foreign Born, 
23 West 26th Street, New York 10, N. Y. 

Justice Department Reverses Itself After Defeat in the Federal Courts 

Until recently, the Justice Department took the position that it could legally 
hold bail posted in deportation cases indefinitely. The ACPFB opposed this 
position, maintained that the law did not authorize the Justice Department 
to hold bail indefinitely but that bail had to be returned if a noncitizen could 
not be deported and was placed on Supervisory Parole. Court action was ini- 
tiated last year challenging the Justice Department's position in the case of 
Charles Rowoldt, of Minneapolis. The U. g. District Court ordered the bail 
returned in the Rowoldt case. The Justice Department appealed and the U. S. 
Court of Appeals in St. Louis sustained the District Court decision. No appeal 
was taken by the Justice Department from the Court of Appeals decision and 
Rowoldt's bond was returned. In districts outside of Minneapolis, the Justice 
Department refused to return bond when applications were made earlier this 
year and steps were taken to initiate additional court actions. Last month, 
however, the Justice Department reversed itself and started return of bond in 
deportation cases in Cleveland, San Francisco, Milwaukee, and New York. 

Scheme to Speed Up Denaturalizations Suffers Defeat in U. S. District 


On September 23, Federal District Court Judge John C. Knox, in New York, 
denied the Justice Department's motion to consolidate ten denaturalization cases 
on the issue of the character of the Communist Party. This move by the Justice 
Department, if successful, would have meant speedy denaturalization and would 
have facilitated the drive to revoke the naturalization of 10,000 naturalized 
American citizens. Judge Knox, in his opinion, stated that such consolidation 
would "be most prejudicial to each defendant" and that "The dates on which 
the (10) defendants are charged with having become members of the Communist 
Party * * * range from 1919 to 1937 * ♦ * cannot be said with any degree of 
certainty that the aims and objectives of the Communist Party over a period of 
years were identical." The 10 cases are: Isidore Begun, Daniel Boano, Louis 
Braverman, V. J. Jerome, James Lustig, Paul Novick, Saul Almazov Pearl, 
Constantine Radzie, Isaac Ronch and Louis Weinstock. 

Committee Officers Tour on the Walter-McCarran Law 

OflBcers of the ACPFB have scheduled tours to promote support for speedy 
repeal of the Walter-McCarran Law in 1955 and increase interest in the National 
Conference to Defend the Rights of Foreign Born Americans. 


The Rev. Kenneth Ripley Forbes, of Philadelphia, Co-Chairman of the ACPFB, 
will tour : Oct. 14— Ann Arbor, Mich. ; Oct. 15— Detroit ; Oct. 18— Minneapolis ; 
Oct. 22— Milwaukee ; Oct. 23— Chicago ; Oct. 25— South Bend; Oct. 26— Cleve- 
land ; Oct. 28— Pittsburgh. 


Abner Green, executive secretary of the ACPFB, will tour: Oct. 11— Pitts- 
burgh ; Oct. 12— Cleveland ; Oct. 13— Detroit ; Oct. 14— Minneapolis ; Oct. 15— 
Tacoma ; Oct. 16— Seattle ; Oct. 17— Aberdeen ; Oct 18— Everett ; Oct. 19— Bell- 


ingham ; Oct. 20— Seattle ; Oct. 21— Portland ; Oct. 22— Astoria, Oregon ; Oct. 23 — 
San Francisco ; Oct. 25 — Sacramento ; Oct. 26 — Petaluma ; Oct. 28 — Chicago ; and 
Nov. 27 — Salt Lake City ; Dec. 1 — Fresno ; Dec. 2 to 7 — Los Angeles. 


Prof. Louise Pettibone Smith, Honorary Co-Chairman of the ACPFB, will tour 
east coast areas during November, visiting Boston, New Haven, Philadelphia, 
Newark, Paterson, Baltimore, and Washington D. C. 

Methodist Federation Commends Work of ACPFB 

The Methodist Federation for Social Action in its 1954 Program adopted at 
its Annual Membership Meeting in Chicago on August 14th, states that, "We 
heartily commend the work of the American Committee for Protection of Foreign 
Born in their defense of the victims of the Walter-McCarran Act." In addition, 
the 1954 Program urged "local chapters to aid in the defense of Walter-McCarran 
Act defendants in their respective conferences and communities." 

Organization Established on Joint Immigration Policy 

On October 2, announcement was made of the organization of the American 
Immigration Conference, to effect cooperation among organizations interested 
in an humanitarian and non-discriminatory immigration policy. Former Com- 
missioner of Immigration and Naturalization Earl G. Harrison, of Philadelphia, 
was named president. Vice-presidents include Edward Corsi, Mrs. Mildred 
McAfee Horton, Dr. George N. Shuster, Walter Bieringer, and Dr. Walter W. Van 

Committee Publishes Pamphlet on Deportations to Mexico 

"The Shame of a Nation," 56-page pamphlet on the Justice Department's treat- 
ment of Mexicans in the United States, was released last month in Los Angeles. 
A copy of the pamphlet can be obtained by sending 25^, in stamps or coin, to 
the Los Angeles Committee for Protection of Foreign Born, 326 West 3rd Street, 
Los Angeles 13, California. 

Editorial Reprint 

"David Hyun, a successful and respected Korean architect who has lived in 
the United States since he was 7, is under order of deportation. It is strongly 
evident that such deportation would mean physical persecution and perhaps 
execution for David Hyun » * • Under such circumstances, deportation would 
appear unthinkable and illegal. "^San Francisco Chronicle, September 7, 1954. 

Exhibit No. 7D 

[The Lamp, No. 92, February- April 1956, p. 4] 

Repeal the Walter-McCarran Law 

(An editorial) 

With the battle for presidential nominations being waged within both the 
Republican and Democratic Parties, it would appear that, as in 1952, the matter 
of Walter-McCarran Law revision or repeal is being saved as an election year 
issue. Prior to his saying yes, I will be a candidate. President Eisenhower sent 
to Congress a special message purporting to ease provisions of the Walter- 
McCarran Law. The Presidential message contained a host of recommendations 
for possible revision of certain of the Law's provisions affecting prospective 
immigrants; unused quotas to be used the following year; quotas based on 1950 
census ; lifting of fingerprinting when reciprocated, etc. However, the President's 
message ignored completely the plight of the more than 14 million foreign-bom 
Americans residing within our borders. 

Deportation, denaturalization, supervisory parole, harassment by Justice De- 
partment agents of both native born and foreign born Americans were issues not 
even mentioned by the President. 

85333 O— 57— pt. 2 3 


The President did see fit to include a reconmiendation which, if enacted, would 
have serious implications. For he urjied that there be a liuiit to the judicial 
review afforded those who fall victim to the Walter-McCarran Law. In what 
may be deemed an effort to make acceptable his proposal to limit the judicial 
review of Walter-McCarran Law victims, the President declared: "some of these 
persons have been found to be criminals of the lowest character, trafficking in 
murder, narcotics, and subversicm." 

The ACPFB holds no brief for criminals of any ilk. It does, however, hold 
that there are enouKh laws on the statute books to deal with criminal offenses, 
and neither denaturalization nor deportation should be the punishment. 

President Eisenhower's proposal would, in effect, limit the time-honored rijiht 
of any person to avail himself fully of legal recourse. If such a proix)sal were 
ever enacted into law it could easily be extended from its original pretext to a 
limiting of judicial review for any individual, be he native born or foreign born. 

There can be no doubt that it was the pressures exerted by individuals and 
organizations which led the President to make his February 8th address. It 
would also appear that the message was carefully designed to make it appear 
that the question of immigration was the only issue in which the wide repeal 
movement is interested. 

One nuist understand that in the event every proposal of the President were 
enacted there would not only remain the inherent racism and discrimination of 
the Walter-McCarran Law but an j'dditional abrogation of the rights of the 
foreign born. 

It is alarming that the highest governmental official proposes to further curb 
the rights of the foreign born at a time when those rights need careful preserva- 
tion and extension. 

The Walter-McCarran Law need not become the 1956 political foohball it was 
in 1952. Almost four years of its existence has shown it for what it is : unwork- 
able, undemocratic, dictatorial, and, in general, against the best interest of the 
American people. Its drastic revisi<m or repeal is long overdue. Protests against 
it mount daily, and such protests are sound in that the Justice Department has 
sought to wield the Law as a club over the heads' of foreign-born Ajnericans 
across the width and breadth of the land. 

The ACPFB urges that all individuals and organizaticms use the remaining 
months of Congress in a concerted effort to seek revision of the Law in this ses- 
sion of Congress. A vehicle for such revision does exist in the fact that Congress- 
man Victor Anfuso (D., N. Y.) is circulating a Discharge Petition to bring his 
Hill, H. R. ."iOl, from the House Judiciary Committee to the Floor for vote. Con- 
gre.ssmen nuist be urged to sign the Discharge I'etiti<m as the first .step toward 
winning a revision of the Law. 

RoifiTsciiKK Cask 

The American Congress has filed a suit in the Washington. D. C, Federal 
District Court to challenge use of ccmfidential information in deportaticm proceed- 
ings. The AJC took the action on i>ehalf of Thomas Otto Robitscher. a Czecho- 
slovak, who came to the United States on a student visa to study medicine. Upon 
completion of his studies, he oversta.ved his visa and the Justice Department 
initiated deportation prcK-eedings against him. Unable to practice medicine in 
Xew York unless naturalized, he had asked for preexamination that would permit 
him to go to Canada and then return under the Czechoslovak quota. I'reexanii- 
nation was denied on the i)asis of information not disclosed to Mr. Robitscher. 
The current suit is undertaken to force the Justice Department to produce the 
"evidence" on which deportation proceedings are based. 

Whose LifkV 

On Wednesday, March 2Sth, viewers of the program "This Is Your Life." wit- 
nessed an effort to glorify the life of one Marion Miller. Clarion Miller. Los 
Angeles housewife and FBI-inspired informer, became a "volunteer" worker in 
the office of the Los Angeles Committee for I'rotection of Foreign Born. She was 
brought to Washington as a Justice Department witness against the ACPFB 
during the i-ecently concluded hearings before the SACB. She testified that upon 
receipt of a Los Angeles Committee Conference invitation, her husband .sent 
the invitation to the P'BI. The FBI prevailed upon her to attend the Conference, 
became involved in the L. A. Committee's work and report periodically to the 


FBI. Upon election as LACPFB recording secretary, Mrs. Miller stole material, 
records, and correspondence from the files and turned it over to the FBI. When 
the community learned of her role as informer she was shunned and bypassed 
and the March 28th program sought to portray her activities as patriotic. The 
LACPFB has asked equal TV time to answer charges made on the program. 

Senator Eastland 
Special to the New York Post 

Washington. March W — Senator Eastland (D. Miss.), bitter foe of more liberal 
immigration laws, today was reported to be the only member of Congress directly 
benefiting by the Refugee Relief Act. 

Administrators of the refugee program reiwrted that he had brought two 
families — Hungarian and Russian-born — to this country for work as share- 
croppers on his Mississippi plantation. 

Eastland consistently has fought attempts to modify the controversial Mc- 
Carran-Walter immigration law on grounds the U. S. would be flooded with 
"criminals and Conmiunists." 

In a Post interview <mly 2 months ago, he said : 

"Figures of P:uroi)ean governments show that there is a great need for more 
than 60().(MX> workers in Europe. Why is it that they cannot stay there and 
work and rebuild the devastated cities of that continent?" 

Exhibit No. 8 

[Daily Worker, New York, Wednesday, July 21, 1954] 

» Walter-McCarran Law an Election Issue 

By Abner Green ( Executive Secretary, American Committee for Protection of 

Foreign Born ) 

With the 8;^rd Congress drawing to a close and due to adjourn next month, it 
becomes clear that the McCarthyite conspiracy to prevent consideration by 
Congress of any changes in the Walter-McCarran Law this year is succeeding. 

The Republican leadership in Congress, and the Administration, bear major 
responsibility for this conspiracy. The Democratic Party leadership, however, 
bears some responsibility for its failure to fight strenuously for repeal or revision 
of the Law, hoping apparently to be able to use this issue to embarrass their 
Republican opponents in the 1954 elections. But this demonstrates a callous 
disregard for the welfare of those suffering as a result of this Law. It would 
weaken the fight for repeal of the I^aw by making it a political football or 
partisan issue. 

The Lehman-Celler Bill, introduced in August 1953, remains the most compre- 
hensive revision of the Law. The fight for public hearings for the Lehman-Celler 
Bill reflects a continuing and growing public opposition to the provisions of the 
Law. As a result of the growth of this opposition, nine Republic members of 
Congress, on April 12th, introduced legislation proposing some revisions of the 
W^alter-McCarran Law. This Ives-Javits Bill, however, is extremely limited in 
its provisions and its introduction appears to be motivated by purely political 

The Republican Party wants to have available a bill to which it can point during 
the 19.~)4 election campaign as indicative of its "opposition" to the Walter- 
McCarran Law, in order to win votes. If the nine Republicans who sponsored 
the Ives-.Tavits Bill wanted to do something about the Walter-McCarran Law. 
they could better have demanded public hearings for the Lehman-Celler Bill or 
have joined even in sponsoring the Bill rather than introduce a coniparativel.v 
meaningless bill that may serve to detract from the general pressures for Congres- 
sicmal consideration of the Lehman-Celler Bill. 

When C(mgress adjourns next month, the Lehman-Celler bill dies automatically. 
A major objective of democratic forces will be to maintain the fight during the 
electi(m campaign and to guarantee intrctductiim of repeal legislation in the 84th 
Congress, when it convenes in .lanuary 19")."). It is therefore essential to maintain 
continued and increased demands for repeal of the Walter-McCarran Law. 


A special area of activity can be utilized eflfectively during this coming period 
by all organizations and individuals that want to i)articipate in the fight to repeal 
the Walter-McCarran Lavv'. All House of Representatives seats are to be filled 
in the November 1954 elections. 

All candidates for Congress should be visited in person by delegations from 
their own District for the purpose of getting a commitment, if possible, that, 
if elected, he will sponsor the Lehman-Celler Bill or appropriate legislation to 
repeal or revise basically the Walter-McCarran Law. 

Once the 83rd Congress adjourns, all efforts in the fight to repeal the Walter- 
McCarran Law must be shifted to fully utilize the 1954 elections. The main 
objective must be to guarantee introduction of repeal legislation of 1955 and to 
register with candidates for Congress the popular demand for repeal of the 
"Walter-McCarran Law. 

Exhibit No. 9 

[The Lamp, No. 59, February-March 1950, p. 2] 

The Deportation Drive 

During the past month, deportation hearings were held in 16 cases in Los 
Angeles, New York City, Seattle, Cleveland, and Detroit. The Commissioner 
ordered two non-citizens deported. The Board of Immigration Appeals heard 
argument in the Callow case. But completely new hearings will have to be 
held in all these cases, as a result of the February 20th Supreme Court de- 
cision, in accordance with the provisions of the Administrative Procedure 
Act. Continued arrests of non-citizens brought the total of deportees to more 
than 140 in 20 states. 


Detroit : On January 18, two non-citizens were arrested. Mrs. Blaga Pop- 
rovska, 46, native of Yugoslavia, entered the U. S. in 1923. Mrs. Popravska i!« 
the wife of an American citizen and mother of four American-born children, 
one of whom served overseas in the U. S. Army and one of whom has served 
in the U. S. Marines for the past 7 years. Antonio Papadimitrou, 60, is a native 
of Greece, entered the U. S. in 1911 and is married to an American-born 

Boston : On January 9, Giacomo Quattrone, 61, native of Italy, resident of 
U. S. for 44 years, and father of 8 American-boi-n children. 

Dallas: On January 30, Jose Estrada, 55, native of Mexico, and resident 
of U. S. for 45 years. He is married to a native-born citizen and the father 
of ten American-born children, three of whom served in armed forces of the 
U. S. during the second World War. 

Crockett Joins Legal Defense in the Case of Claudia Jones 

George W. Crockett, Jr., noted Negro attorney of Detroit, has joined Carol 
King, general counsel of the ACPFB, in serving as co-counsel in the case 
of Claudia Jones. Crockett, one of the defense attorneys in the trial of the 11 
leaders of the Communist Party, is a graduate of the T'niversity of Michigan. 
In 1939, he served in Washington with the Department of Labor and later 
with the President's Committee on Fair Employment Practices. In 1944 he 
founded the CIO Auto Workers Fair Employment Practices Committee and 
served as its executive director for two years. Since 1948, he has served as 
local counsel for the ACPFB in Detroit. Claudia Jones, 35, a native of the 
British West Indies, is secretary of the Women's Committee of the Communist 

The Fight Against Police-State Procedures 

The Justice Department is continuing in its efforts to force non-citizens 
to "voluntarily" agree to report in person regularly, despite clear decisions 
by Federal judges in many sections of the country to the effect that any such 
procedure violates the law. 



On January 23, the Justice Department released Anna Ganley, of Detroit, 
from her afji'eement to report once a week in person. This action was talcen 
hy the Justice Department after court action was initiated and it became clear 
that the Judge was soing to rule against the Justice Department. Meanwhile, 
more than 20 other non-citizens in Detroit are forced to continue to report 
weekly. An appeal to Washington in many of these cases is pending. 


In January, Mrs. Esther Sazer and Victor Armando Davila, of Ix)s Angeles, 
sent the Justice Department a letter to the effect that they would refuse in 
the future to report twice at month as they have been doing in the past. * * * 

Organizational Developments in Fight Against Deportation 

A national conference of representatives of deportee defense committees will 
be held at the Hamilton Hotel, in Chicago, on Saturday afternoon, March 18. 
The conference will consider present problems in the fight against deportation 
and develop organizational campaigns for the coming period. 

The Midwest Committee for Protection of Foreign Born is sponsoring a Mid- 
west Conference, which will be held at the Hamilton Hotel, Chicago, on Sunday 
morning and afternoon, March 19. The Midwest Committee is also holding 
on April 8 a Testimonial Banquet for Pearl M. Hart, Chicago attorney and 
noted fighter for civil rights, on her 60th birthday. 

A Michigan Committee For the Protection of Foreign Born has been estab- 
lished with offices at Room 424, 140 Cadillac Square, Detroit, Michigan. Saul 
Grossman is serving as secretary. The connnittee has scheduled a Michigan 
State Action Conference, which is to be held at the Park Avenue Hotel, in 
Detroit, on April 2nd. 

City-wide councils for protection of foreign born have been established in 
New York, Cleveland, and Philadelphia. The councils meet monthly to discuss 
local and national issues and plan local activity for the defense of the rights 
of foreign-born Americans. 

The Freedom of the Press Committee Against Deportation has issued a special 
folder, "An Attack On Freedom of the Press," which di.scusses the deportation 
cases of five non-citizens associated with foreign-language newspapers. 

The Finnish American Freedom Committee held a Testimonial Banquet on 
January 6 in honor of Knut Heikkinen, who faces deportation because of his 
political opinions, on his 60th birthday. The Committee has also issued a folder 
and petition on Finnish-American deportation cases and held a mass meeting in 
New York City on February 19. 

The Andrulis Defense Committee has held two mass meetings in Chicago 
and one in Detroit during the past month. The Committee has issued a special 
folder on the case of Vincent Andrulis and has scheduled a conference of 
Lithuanian-American organizations in Chicago on March 12. 

The Podolski Defense Committee, of Detroit, has issued a special folder on the 
case of Henry Podolski, Polish-American leader who faces deportation because of 
his political opinions. 

A New York chapter of the American Yugoslav Committee for I'rt)tection of 
Foreign Born was established last month. William Milson was elected Chair- 
man. Other oflScers are: Joseph Brayuha and Agnes Vukcevich, vice chairmen: 
Victor Kobilca, Treasurer ; George Wuchinich, Secretary ; Harry Justiz, counsel. 

Two special defense committees have been established in Minneapolis on local 
cases. The connnittee for Otto Skog has held several meetings and the com- 
mittee for Charles Rowoldt has organized special protest action during the past 

Two conferences of local organizations will be held in New York City — in 
the Bronx on March 15 by the Neighbors Connnittee for Benjamin Saltzman, 
and in Brooklyn on March 23 by the Neighbors Committee for Defense of Peter 
Harisiades and Anna Taffler. 


Exhibit No. 10 

[The Lamp, No. 94. July-August 1956] 

Democrats and Republicans Include Immigration Plank in Platforms 

Both major parties meeting in convention to nominate top standard bearers 
in the 1956 Presidential election included in their Platforms a plank on immi- 
gration. The Denwcratic Party Platform, adopted in Chicago on August 16, 
contains a s{>ecial section "Progressive Immigration Policies." The Platform 
states, "We favor elimination of unnecessary distinction between native-bom 
and naturalizeil citizens. There should be no 'second-class' citizenship in the 
United States." The Platform calls also for revision of the immigration pro- 
cedures and the immigration quota system, and charged mismanagement of the 
Refugee Relief Act of 1953. 

The Republican Platform, adopted in San. Francisco on August 22, called for 
an immigration policy "which is based on equality of treatment, freedom from 
implications of discrinnnations between racial, nationality, and religious groups 
and flexible enough to conform to changing needs and conditions." It supported 
"the President's program submitted to the 84th Congress to carry out needed 
modifications in existing law and to take such further steps as may be necessary 
to carry out our traditional policy." The Platform then praised the Refugee 
Relief Act and pledged supi>ort to its extension. 

While the Democrats at least were specific on matters of citizenship and quota 
revision, neither Party's plank was extensive enough to encompass the mountain 
of Walter-McCarran Law revision sought by hundreds of organizations and indi- 
viduals. In the event that both planks were amalgamated and passed in the 
first days of the 85th Congress, many of the harshest features of the Walter- 
McCarran Law would yet including : yearly registration of noncitizens, 
deportation for "crimes" which were not crimes when committed. Supervisory 

Testimonial Banquet To Be Held for Attorneys Defending Charles Rowoldt 

A Testimonial Banquet honoring Attorneys Joseph Forer and David Rein, of 
Washington, D. C, will be held on October 11 in New York City's Hotel Belmont 
Plaza. Occasion for the Testimonial is their appearance before the United States 
Supreme Court, tentatively scheduled for the following week, to argue the case 
of Charles Rowoldt. On March 26, the high court agreed to take a new look 
at political deportations by granting certiorari to Mr. Rowoldt, Originally briefs 
were to be submitted to the Court on August 20th. but an extension of time has 
been granted, until September 7. The Executive Board of the International 
Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union has gone on record to file an amicus 
curiae brief as has the National Lawyers' Guild. Mr. Rowoldt, 72, a resident 
of Minneopolis, Minn., was arrestetl in deportation proceedings on the Walter- 
McCarran Law charge that at one time, after entry to the United States from his 
native Germany, he had been a member of the Communist Party. Mr. Rowoldt 
has lived in the United States for more than 42 years. An appendix to the main 
brief to the Court will seek to show that persons, like Mr. Rowoldt, who have 
lived their mature years in this country should not be considered "aliens" and 
should likewise not face deportation for any reason. 

Know Your Rights 

Agents of the Justice Department are continuing their campaign of harass- 
ment of foreign-born Americans. Noncitizens and naturalized citizens in large 
numbers are being visited, stopped on the streets, or .sent letters urging them to 
come to offices of the I&NS on an "official" matter. 

It is to be recalled that a recent United States Supreme Court ruling (Minker- 
Falcone) forbids such questioning where naturalized citizens are concerned. 

The ACPFB recommends that any person having problems arising out of 


foreign birth should contact a capable immigration or civil rights attorney, the 
ACPFB, or any of the offices listed below : 

Pittsburgh : 806 Renshaw Building 

Detroit : 920 Charlevoix Bldg. 

Chicago : 431 S. Dearborn— Room 325 

Minneapolis: 302 Lumber Exchange Bldg. 

Seattle : 538 Second and Cherry Bldg. 

San Francisco: 948 Market St.— Room 418 

Los Angeles : 326 West 3rd St.— Room 318 

Peggy Wellman 

The Metropolitan Detroit Branch of the American Civil Liberties Union has 
appealed to Attorney General Herbert Brownell, Jr.. to "suspend or cancel" the 
deportation order against Mrs. Peggy Wellman of Detroit. The request was in 
the form of a letter signed by Ernest Mazey, Executive Board member, on behalf 
of the local group. The letter stated in part : "Mrs. Wellman, a life-long resi- 
dent of this country and mother of two school-age children, has been convicted 
of no crime. The breakup of her family appears to be cruel and inhuman 
punishment for the accident of her birth in Canada and her entry into our 
country while she was still an infant." 

Citizenship Restoration 

The Justice Department has taken its first step to restore the citizenship of 
native-born Japanese who renounced their United States citizenship when in- 
terned in "relocation centers" during World War II. The action came as the 
Justice Department withdrew its opposition to a suit filed by 157 persons to 
regain citizenship. It is expected that more than 1,000 will benefit from the 

Immigration Increases 

It has been reported that more immigrants were admitted to the United States 
during the first six months of 1956 than in any comparable period since 1920. 
An average of 26,500 persons a month were admitted for permanent residence 
according to figures released by the Commissioner of Immigration and 


Exhibit No. 11 




OF MA. ami:ri(a\s 



\n, : -u, ,>UMIM where- .he w..> 

|,j;,illv • I'M 11., jc the igf i>t *. the 

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rnnul.1.1. Hi II, -I, W I liulu- rh^ ^hjiRi ihit 

iHk |>iiHiu spiiiuvi ■, .iiiiii; Ni>;i.i "advo 
.m. Hu ,.<, !!ii,,.> .1 tlu o.^'-rnmcni hv t..i« Jiui 
viokriii 1. ,il'M,.u,K tranud 

Hu irivvl -I KMlin.ind Smith tor dcfxirtlLon 
ii. I.iin.iui. H \\ I, iiilltmiiig hi- iMrncipation in 
ilH- ll.lru,,i : - A Ml,., M^xt>n.^ IS .iniilhrt ti'll Wo" 

,|;UilM ...It .IM ■■ '•■ ,,1 llH- NjIlOMji 

\l.iiil,n„ I ., ! :-. kv,-p the Aip'. 

s.iilin;; ..l;,M.,, :,. . .,. n.i l,.-.ost Germany, >- 

till lula WlthoUi iMil 

Tins i> irii N|Haituid ol j dnvc ■igainsl the 
iiglits ot \V csi fiuliitis. Negroes. wt»men. minori- 
!u■^. l.ibiii iiiJ all Atm-ntjas, Alrcidv I* othtr 
leaders ol unions, poliiicai and oiher ptx>plc*i' orgt«- 
iii/jtums li.m been similjrlv sci/id Attornif 

itinerjl run Cljrk Jiirimintcs more jrrest.s to follo«t 
«hil.' no acnon is taken .igjin« the Ku« KllB 
and other fascist miirdei bunds which plot aflfi 
■ tpcnlv parade to ierr<jri/e the .Xmenean pctjple inf0 
l.l.M.dT taseist slaverv .ind war 

To stop this fascist drive and to prr«ect o4V 
..svn lives .ind rights and liberties, all America** 
imist unite to defend Claudia Jonci and the o«h* 






RICHARD B. MOORE, Chairman / 

r»r-r.-T- »i»;rcs bxctulive bcvreiar\ .\nieritan Com 


Icadini: NsKio Woman i.-ivU Raghu Coognaj 


Atlv HOPE R- STEVENS bxec. VicePres. Congress ol Amcncajj ttomeu 



Protottioa of 



,i(>^ l.eiui.x Avenue, New York 27, X \ isAcraiiieato 2-224<J 


Exhibit No. 12A 
An Attack on Freedom of the Press 

Ever since John Peter Zenger was imprisoned in 1734 because he insisted on 
his right to print the truth as he saw it in his newspaper, the American people 
have fought to maintain the principle of freedom of the press. 

One of the basic principles of a free press is the right of newspaper editors to 
speak their mind and to report the new^ without interference. 

A free press is extremely important to foreign-born Americans since a large 
number of them depend upon the foreign-language press exclusively for infor- 
mation and news. 

Today the freedom of the foreign-language press is under constant attack as 
the result of widespread hysteria and discrimination. Certain members of 
Congress are seeking legislation that would make it necessary for foreign- 
language newspapers to print exact English-language translations in their col- 
umns — a requirement that would make it financially impossible to publish any 
foreign-language newspaper. 

Another basis for attempting to silence a foreign-language newspaper is the 
threat by the Justice Department to deport its editor or one of its editorial 
workers. Five non-citizens associated with foreign-language newspapers have 
been arrested and today face deportation from the United States because of 
their political opinions. 

These deportations are an attempt to intimidate and silence newspaper workers. 
These deportations menace the freedom of the foreign-language press in the 
I'nited States. 

We call on the American people to condemn these deportations as an attack 
on the freedom of the press as well as a threat to the liberties of all Americans, 
native as well as foreign born, citizens as well as non-citizens. 

Exhibit No. 12B 


Vincent Andrulis, of Chicago, editor of Vilnis, Lithuanian-American daily 
newspaper. Mr. Andrulis, 60 years old, has lived in the United States for 39 
years. He is married to an American citizen and is the father of two American- 
born daughters. 

Peter Harisiades, of New York, formerly on the editorial staff of the Greek- 
American Tribune, a weekly newspaper. Mr. Harisiades, 48 years old, came here 
at the age of 13. He is married to an American citizen and the father of two 
American-born children. 

Knut Einar Heikkinen, of New York, is the editor of Eteenpain, Finnish- 
American daily newspaper. Mr. Heikkinen, 60 years old, has lived in this 
country for 34 years and is the father of three daughters. 

Michael Salerno, of New York, is the editor of L'Unita Del Popolo, Italian- 
American weekly newspaper. Mr. Salerno, 47 years old, has lived here for 25 
years. He is married to an American citizen and is the father of a 10-year-old 
American-born son. 

Alexander Bittelman, of New York, is executive secretary of the Morning 
Freiheit Association, which publishes the Morning Freiheit, Yiddish daily 
newspaper. Mr. Bittelman, 60 years old, is a native of Russia and has lived 
in the Ignited States since 1912. 



These five newspaper workers are among the 140 noncitizens in 19 states who 
have been arrested and held for deportation because of their political opinions. 

These noncitizens have lived in this country most of their lives. They have 
raised families here and have contributed — each in their own way — to the wel- 
fare of the American people. They have tried to become American citizens but 
have been prevented from getting their papers because of their progressive or 
labor activities. 

Today these noncitizens face exile from the United States — enforced separation 
from their families and friends. Many of them face deportation to strange 
countries whose language and customs they do not know. Some face death if 
deported to the countries of their birth because of their opposition to the present 
regimes there. 

These deportations threaten to destroy the constitutional rights of 3,000,000 
noncitizens in the United States, and the democratic rights of all Americans, 
citizens as well as noncitizens. These deportations menace the very existence 
of the Bill of Rights of the United States Constitution since they would destroy 
the right to freedom of speech and freedom of belief. 

The 140 noncitizens facing deportation are being defended by the American 
Committee for Protection of Foreign Born, an organization which has carried 
on the fight for the rights of foreign-born Americans for the past 18 years. The 
Freedom of the Press Committee Against Deportations is cooperating with the 
American Committee in its fight to preserve the democratic traditions of the 
American people and to defeat the attempt by the Department of Justice to under- 
mine and destroy the rights and the liberties of the people of this country. 


1. Send a letter to Attorney General J. Howard McGrath, Washington, D. C, 
condemning the current deportation hysteria as an attack on the liberties of the 
American people. 

2. Have your organization go on record in opposition to the Justice Depart- 
ment's deportation drive. ( A draft resolution will be sent on request. ) 

3. Send a letter to the editor of your local community newspaper emphasizing 
the dangers to our democracy created by the deportation hysteria and urging 
editorial opposition to political deportations. 

4. Order a quantity of this folder, "An Attack on Freedom of the Press," for 
special distribution among your friends and associates. (100 for $5.) 

5. Contribute — and get your friends and associates to contribute — to the work 
of the American Committee for Protection of Foreign Born to help make an 
effective fight against the deportation hysteria. 

Freedom of the Press Committee Against Deportations, 23 West 26th Street, 
New York 10, N. Y. : 

( ) Please send additional information on the fight against deportation. 
( ) Send a draft resolution on deportation for my organization. 

Enclosed find $ for : 

$ additional copies of your folder, "An Attack on Freedom of 

the Press." 

$ as a contribution for the work of the American Committee 

for Protection of Foreign Born to help make possible an effective nationwide 
fight against deportation. 



City, Zone. State -— 



The Freedom of the Press Committee Against Deportations was organized in 
January 1950 by a group of editors of foreign language newspapers. 

The Committee was organized because of the seriousness of the Justice De- 
partment's attack on the rights of foreign-born Americans and also because of 
the arrest in deportation proceedings of five non-citizens who are associated 
with foreign-language newspapers. 

We feel that this attempt to deport our colleagues is unwarranted. We know 
that these five men have always fought to improve the living and working condi- 
tions of the American people. 

During the 1930's, they were in the lead in the fight for unemployment insur- 
ance and for social security. 

They were instrumental in bringing the message of trade union organization 
to foreign-born workers in all sections of the country. 

In their editoi-ial work, they have always fought to defend the rights of the 
Negro people ; they have exposed anti-Semitism ; they have always fought anti- 
labor and anti-democratic elements in American life. 

Just as they were in the forefront in the fight against fascism, today their 
newspapers are in the forefront of the fight for peace and for the civil liber.ties 
of the American people. 

The Freedom of the Press Connnittee Against Deportations was organized 
to bring the facts in these cases to the attention of the American people. The 
five newspaper workers discussed in this folder are being defended by the Ameri- 
can Committee for Protection of Foreign Born, which is responsible for the legal 
defense of and many deportation cases. 

We urge your cooperation for our effort to acquaint the American people with 
the facts in these cases — to the end that these deportations will be defeated 
and these non-citizens may become American citizens and remain in this country, 
where they belong, with their families and friends. 

Freedom of the Pres.s Committee Against Deportations : Dr. David Z. Krinkin, 
Chairman, George M. Wastila, Secretary, 2H West 26 Street, New York 10, N. Y. 


Exhibit No. 13 


•IlllllUUinilf WwWl^am 

on bail of the four 

iaibor kisifofs hoiii 

<H1 Wnm MmkI* 

MgUA oA oar aliorM •> at SlUs 
iHMitfciti^i eomp U b«ing 

fmat iMtt la as moaf watics 
hian btm anrattsdi and hiid 
ml&oet baa wi&o«t triol aad 

i«MiAi» SMim »i^ Imte oBi i«a^^ 

OnilAlf miflt CiKiBOB C oBMMmfat fofaoM fram Hitlir. 

JGNHN Willi iliiipCwt Irabcv Mcii'ttafy. OowiHWBBUwt VoBrty. U. & JL 

€fm rnnmk tm C <SaA Xt ft HHeBwy CiowcJl rifanij to wltan 

to Aw JMiaittirtrqtlcn poKqr oi 

'itts Ami JtxEtMiAoQB loibof 

flMnr <nw i b W i ft.f ni|l ll i 1 fai ttdt Icmisw iqAA ob ttM ti flh li of tibo 

fiHiipi MnMi ** Mi ISmmw^mMmi £■■! It ibNuicv 


Thimday. Mai«h 4 - 5 p.111. 

iliii mi AowitHiiMi ftmlMii 

• CMitMM*€Mi^iM»lMtaft€iMltlMifcilHPY«ir 


Exhibit No. 14 

[The Lamp, No. 58, January 1950, p. 2] 

The Deportation Hysteria 

No decision has been made as yet by Federal District Judge Vincent Leibell in 
the case of Peter Harisiades. All briefs in the Harisiades case were filed with 
Judge Liebell at the end of August. Meanwhile, continued arrests of noncitizens 
brought the total arrested to more than 140 in 19 states. 


Permission was won finally last month for Per Eriksson to leave the U. S. vol- 
untarily and return to his home in Sweden. Eriksson, secretary of the Swedish 
Seamen's Union, was stranded here during the war, participated actively in our 
war effort, and for the past two years has been trying to return home. He was pre- 
vented from leaving, however, when the Justice Department initiated deportation 
proceedings against him because of his former membership in the Communist 
Party of Sweden. Eriksson is scheduled to leave the U. S. in February. 


On December 9, the Federal District Court in New York heard argument on an 
order to show cause seeking to secure a review of the deportation order entered in 
the case of Dora Lipshitz. Decision in the case was reserved. Miss Lipshitz, 56, 
spent the first 14 years of her life in Russia, where she was born, then spent two 
days in Germany in order to get a boat for this country, and has lived the last 42 
years in the U. S. Now the Justice Department has ordered her deported to Ger- 
many, where she spent two days of her 56 years. 


The Board of Immigration Appeals sustained orders of deportation in three 
cases : on November 18, in the case of Dora Lipshitz ; on December 6, in the case 
of George Pirinsky, executive secretary of the American Slav Congress, ordered 
deported to Bulgaria ; on December 8, in the case of Morris Taft, of New York, 
70-year-old father of four American-bom daughters, ordered deported to Antwerp, 
where he spent three days of his life in order to embark for the U. S. in 1907, or to 
Lithuania, where he was born. 


The Presiding Inspectors in two cases recommended deportation. On Novem- 
ber 11, in the case of Frank Carlson, of Los Angeles, husband of an American citi- 
zen and father of two American-born children, the Presiding Inspector recom- 
mended deportation to Poland on the ground of membership in the Communist 
Party. On December 16, in the case of Dora Coleman, of Philadelphia, wife of an 
American citizen and mother of three children, the Presiding Inspector recom- 
mended deportation to the Soviet Union on the ground that Mrs. Coleman had 
been a member of the Communist Party in 1938. 


Boston : On December 20 and 21, in the case of Karl A. Latva, of Wendell. New 
Hampshire. Hearings completed. Attorney : Frederick Frank Cohen, of Boston. 

Hartford : On December 21 and 22, in the case of Isaac Abraham, trade union- 
ist, of New Britain, Connecticut. The government tried to prove that the Com- 
munist Political Association, of which Abraham was allegedly a member, was 
identical in character as the Communist Party. Hearings not completed ; to be 
resumed in January. Attorney : Marvin D. Karp. 

New York : On November 17 and 18, in the case of Beatrice Siskind Johnson, 
mother of a 6-year-old American-born daughter. Hearings not completed ; sched- 
uled to be resumed January 3. Attorneys : Carol King and David Freedman. 

Pittsburgh : On November 29, in the case of Mike Puchacz, of Canonsburg, Pa. 
On November 30, in the case of Theresa Horvath, of Fairmont, West Virginia, 
mother of a World War II veteran. Hearings in both cases completed. Attorney : 
M. Y. Steinberg, of Pittsburgh. 


Detroit : On November 21, in the case of Fritz Rust, and on November 30 in the 
cases of Mr. and Mrs. James Barker, of Jackson, Michigan, both of whom face de- 
portation to the Soviet Union. Hearings in all three cases completed. Attorney : 
Ernest Goodman, of Detroit. 

Organizational Devexopments In the Fight on Deportation 

A Freedom of the Press Committee Against Deportation has been organized 
in New York by the editors of nine foreign-language newspapers. The Com- 
mittee will devote itself to interesting editors and journalists in the fight against 
the deportation hysteria. 

A Finnish-American Freedom Committee was organized in November. The 
Committee will campaign among Finnish-Americans nationally and seek to secure 
support for the of Carl Paivio, Knut Heikkinen, and William Heikklla. 
The Committee's first public action was the issuing of a special petition and a 
post card to the Attorney General. Matti Mattson is secretary of the Committee. 

A Los Angeles Committee for Protection of Foreign Born was established on 
November 29th at a citywide conference of organizations. More than 20 non- 
citizens, residents of Los Angeles, face deportation. The Committee's first task 
centers around the fight to prevent arbitrary increases in bail. 

On December 15, an American-Yugoslav Committee for Protection of Foreign 
Born was organized in Pittsburgh, where Committee offices have been established. 
The Committee is composed of 15 well-known Yugoslav-Americans. Officers are 
Matthew Cvetic, President ; Michael Rokich, Vice President ; Mane Susnjar, Treas- 
urer ; Mary Borich, Secretary. The Committee is preparing special literature and 
is planning a nationwide tour of Yugoslav-American communities. 

A Vincent Andrulis Defense Committee has been organized in Chicago to 
mobilize Lithuanian-Americans for the fight against deportation. The Commit- 
tee held its first public protest meeting in Chicago on December 16. 

The Northwest Committee for Protection of Foreign Born held a citywide 
meeting in Seattle on December 20 to hear a report on the National Conference 
Against Deportation Hysteria and plan local activity. Lenus Westman, Com- 
mittee secretary who attended the National Conference, reported to the meeting. 

The (^ommittee for Defense of Four of Oregon's Foreign Born has issued an 
attractive folder on the Portland deportation cases. A copy of the folder can 
be obtained by writing to the Committee secretary, Lawrence Sefton, 4616 S. W. 
Corbett, Portland, Oreg. 

The Detroit Committee for Protection of Foreign Born, organized in November, 
held a very successful picket line before the Immigration and Naturalization 
Service during the Anna Ganley deportation hearings. The Committee is pre- 
paring several local campaigns on the 21 deportation cases pending in Detroit. 

Exhibit No. 15 

[The Lamp, No. 61, June-July 1950, p. 2] 

The Deportation Drive 

During the past month, two Federal courts ordered the Justice Department to 
give noncitizens new deportation hearings. In both cases, the Justice Department 
had taken the position that the proceedings were initiated before the enactment 
of the Administrative Procedure Act and that new hearings in these cases there- 
fore need not be held in accordance with the law. On April 24, the Federal Court 
of Appeals in San Francisco, in the case of Nat Yanish. reversed the Federal 
District Court and ordered that new hearings in the Yanish case must be held 
in accordance with the APA. On June 5, Federal District Judge Black, in Seattle, 
issued a similar order in the case of Julius Blichfeldt. 


New York : New hearings were started on June 21 in the case of Morris Taft. 
70-year-old native of Lithuania and father of four American-born daughters. 
Hearings were scheduled to start on July 11 in the case of Andrew Dmytryshyn, 
Ukrainian-American leader who faces deportation because of his membership in 
the International Workers Order, a fraternal insurance organization. 


Detroit: Hearings were held on the following dates: Mrs. Anna Ganley (May 
16, 17, 18) ; Fred Wagener (June 1) ; Russell Emin (June 20). Hearings are 
scheduled as follows : Tom Pappas (July 6) ; Fritz Rust (July 24). 

Chicago : Hearings will start on September 12 in the case of Vincent Andrulis, 
editor of VILNIS, Lithuanian-American daily newspaper. 

Seattle : Hearings in the case of Boris Sasief were held on June 2 and June 6. 
On June 19, the Justice Department attempted to hold a mass deportation hearing 
in 12 cases but failed to achieve its objective when John Caughlan, attorney for 
all 12, withdrew from the cases on the ground that he could not properly defend 
12 noncitizens simultaneously. Hearings in the 12 cases will be held in the near 

Portland : Hearings are scheduled to begin on July 12 in four cases : Casimiro 
Absolar, Mrs. Lena Halverson, Hamish MacKay, and John Stenson. 

San Francisco : New hearings were started on June 13 in the ease of William 
Heikkila, Finnish-American leader, and were continued until August or Septem- 
ber to take depositions from Maurice Malkin, expert stool pigeon for the govern- 
ment, in New York City. 

Los Angeles : Hearings were started in the following cases : Miriam Stevenson 
(June 1) : David Hyun (June 13) ; Alice Orans (July 17). 

New York : On May 9, Andrew Dmytryshyn, 58, Ukrainian-American leader, 
was arrested and held for deportation on the ground of membership in the Inter- 
n-itional Workers Order. On May 10, Sam Milgrom, executive secretary of the 
International Workers Order, was arrested and held for deportation on the 
gro'iiid of alleged illegal entry. (Milgrom and Dmytryshyn were released on 
$5,000 bail each.) On June 7, Willy Busch, 52, native of Germany who fought 
against fascism in Spain as a member of the International Brigades, was arrested 
and held for deportation because of his political opinions. 

Justice Department Engages in Unfair Hearing Practices 

On February 20, the U. S. Supreme Court ruled that the Justice Department 
was guilty of having held biased and unfair deportation hearings in violation of 
the law for 3 years. During March, the Justice Department decided to comply 
with the law (the Administrative Procedure Act). However, since March, it 
has become clear that the Justice Department has no intention to provide non- 
citizens with fair or unbiased deportation hearings. The hearing examiners 
(supposedly impartial judges) appointed to sit at deportation hearings and to 
rule on the evidence are all individuals who have been working for the Justice 
Department in some capacity for many years. In Seattle, the Justice Department 
has decided to hold 12 deportation hearings simultaneously and to have Paul 
Crouch, one of its favorite stool pigeons, testify simultaneously in all 12 cases. 
In San Francisco, on June 13, the hearing examiner in the case of William 
Heikkila granted the government permission to secure a deposition from Maurice 
Malkin, another expert stool pigeon, in New York City. Mr. Heikkila is sup- 
posed to send his attorney from San Francisco to New York to cross-examine 

We Commend 

John Caughlan, Seattle attorney, I^enus Westman, secretary of the Northwest 
Committee for Protection of Foreign Born, and the 10 deportees in Seattle whose 
militant action defeated the attempt by the Justice Department to hold a mass 
deportation hearing on June 19. By refusing to submit to the Justice Depart- 
ment's demand for a mass hearing, these Seattle residents effectively defended 
not only their own rights but contributed to the defense of the rights of all 
foreign-born Americans. 

Organizational Activities 

The Midwest Committee for Protection of Foreign Born issued a special 
folder on the case of Irwin Franklin, Chicago resident who faces jail for al- 
legedly falsely claiming to be an American citizen. 


The Committee for the Defense of Eulalia Figueiredo, of New Bedford, Mass., 
has issued an attractive leaflet on the case of the Portuguese-American woman 
who faces deportation and separation from her citizen husband. 

On May 9, the Committee for Defense of Henry Podolski, meeting in Detroit, 
voted to reorganize itself into an American-Polish Committee for Protection of 
Foreign Born. Leo Krzycki was elected chairman. 

The Pete Nelson Defense Committee, of Everett, Washington, has issued a 
special 4-page folder on the case of the CIO Woodworker leader who was 
framed by the Justice Department as part of an attempt to deport him to 
Norway, which he left more than 40 years ago. 

On May 5. the American Yugoslav Committee for Protection of Foreign Born 
held its first public meeting in New York City. Frank Borich, who faces de- 
portation, and Abner Green, executive secretary of the ACPFB, were the principal 

The Sam Sweet Defense Committee of UAW-OIO, Local 51, Detroit, has is- 
sued a special Union Defense News discussing the Justice Department's attempt 
to revoke Sweet's citizenship on political grounds. 

On May 14, a conference of organizations in Boston voted to set up a New 
England Committee for Protection of Foreign Born. Lewis Marks was elected 
chairman of the Conwnittee. 

The Local 7 Defense Committee of Seattle has issued a special 4-page folder 
discussing the five Filipino-American members and leaders of the Cannery 
Workers Union who have been arrested and held for deportation. 

ACPFB Sends Greetings On Mother's Day 

A Mothers' Day message to 19 mothers facing deportation was sent on May 
14 by Rev. John W. Darr, Jr., chairman of the Board of Directors of the 

Martin Misir 

On May 22, Martin Misir, of Milwaukee, died at the age of 61. Misir, a native 
of Yugoslavia, entered the United States in 1913. He was the father of 6 Amer- 
ican-born children, 3 of whom were veterans of the Second World War. He was 
arrested and held for deportation on May 20, 1949. 

Exhibit No. 16 



■5 ^* ;-.<£• July 10, (1955) 

23 WMt 26^ St. • N«w York 10, N. Y. • MUrray M 4-3458 


Dr. fr oi MiiM t. >ni^«|r 
Dr. Darariqr tnmtttr 
^rof. Uwfal iarry twrgwHi 
rrW. Ipkralai Om 

Jack D* ConlMk 
Dr. W. & •. DoMt 
AntwMi DtinMni 
Dr. J p u p h taitilii 

Dt. HwHltMa FrMwn 
Dr. J«M)rfi I. runt 

JwM O w di iii 


Abaar OrMn 

9«Mv«l P. Or*«ak«rg 

Dow* Or «tw 

Bhraad OriMt 

Dr. Mpk M. OincHodi 

Dr. UciMit 

Or. 0«U*y C. MwM 

Or. Mh a. KlngrbMry 

A. >.«totfl 
Mn.BliatMtti Mom 

JoMp fc C Na yo i fo 
fraf . Gopar* WcsM 
Wiffiaai L Pattartan 
Dr. Saawal J. Prigat 
EaH RoWawa 

Marrb U. Sdioitpai 
Dr. talaScMck 

Or. Saaual Ichai aiawr 
GabrMla r<«l Sabaika 
MvrW Syia l a ii t a a 
» S. THraar 

Dear Frl«jid: 

SvBTybodj-, tut everybodj- - and especially the diililren - low 
e rolllckinc, fan-loaded Fictiic. And that's just »fhat thia letter 
la about... tlM ■J-aly 10th First Annual Feativcl end Picnic epon- 
sored ty i;ew Yortc' s National Groi;pB. 

For 0".» children, thrro'll be r-ji hour-Ion^ hoeteaaaEQr and «p- 
ecifl pro-am led by Betty Sioxiers, ihei-e'll be rides and £:e'aes 
ajjd movlas too - featnvlng the be=t oi" Chaplin end fecial cartoons. 

A tempting, mout':*-Wciterln<j menu frow Yugoslav barbecued laab 
to a taistj ^Cor-jRE luncheon will merji that neither moo nor dad need 
worry atoiit prepr.ring Sandtya.ii.xisr on July 10th. 

Sound like fun? You hot it will be. And for the whole family! 

It'll be a Picnic with a purpose too. You see. ^rhile July 10th 
will be a day of fun and frolic - rith a Tigld polic; of no speech- 
making - the Kationei Oroups ei^ othov Committees ere pooling all 
talents in an effort to aBoixre that the Jtif York Coamittoe has the 
necessary funds to carry its challen<^ of ^el ter-ii!cCarr«n Law Su- 
pervisor:' Pftrole conditions to the United Spates S\apreme Court. 

Suparviscry Parole is that sec^iOnpf the Waltart-i.'icCarran Law 
which places stringent restrictionis vpon non-eltiaeas whoa the Jvh- 
stice repcrtr»nt cannot deport since tHoy are stateless. Amoqg its 
provisions are t'enialninis trltt^iii a SO-mlle rsdius of Tiaes Square; 
reporting monthly to a Justice Doprrtirent acent; ansiroring quesV 
ions relative to habits anl asacsiatec; disusaoclatii^ oneself from 
the labor and pro^resnive movenent; subraittins to medical or psy- 
chiatric exacinatioa at the will of the Justice Departnent under 
threat of fines or jail, or both. 

So - rain or shine - plan r.yn to be with us at the First 
Annual Festival and Picnic on July 10th. And don' t forget to bring 
the children. Tor them there is absolutelj- no admission fetf. 

We'll be looking for you. 

Sinceroly yours, 

Alec Jones 
Executive Secretary 

85333 O — 57 — pt. 2- 



Exhibit No. 17 
The Lamp, No. 72, April- May, 1952, p. 3 

We Commend 

The editors and staff of THE NATION- 
AL GUARDIAN, national weekly, foi their 
l-pa^e supplement of April 9, which was 
lievoted exclusivelv to the deportation hys- 
teria and the fight to defend the democratic 
rights of foreign born Americans. 

Organizational Activities 

The judilz Defense Commiltee hm isiued 
I •pecij! 4-page folder, m English and Yid- 
diih. on the case of Paul juJilz. of New York, 
labor editor of the "Morning Freiheit," who 
faces deportation after having lived m the 
U. S. for 45 yean. 

The United Electrical. Radio and Machine 
Workers of America has issued a 1-page 
folder on the case of James Lustig, a natur- 
alized citizen of the U. S. since 1928. who is 
threatened with revocation of his citizenship 
because of his political opinions and affiliations 

During April, an Ohio Provisional Comvtil- 
fee for Protection of Foreign Bom was estah- 
Ihhed in Clei eland, uith Mr< Blue Zairny 
u-rving ut Acting Secretary. 

Immediately following the March 10 deci- 
sions by the U. S. Supreme Court in the Harisi- 
.ides deoortation case and the Carlson bail 
c.ise emergency meetings and conferences were 
held in New York, Detroit. Chicago, and Los 

A New England Conference for Protection 
of Foreign Born will he held a: 19 High 
Street. Boston. Mass.. on Sunday afternoon. 
M.ii 25, from 1:00 to 5:00 P M. 

Portland Trade Union local 
Establishes Deportee Defense 

Local 8 of the International Longshoremen's 
and Warehousemen s Union, in Portland, Ore- 
gon, has established a special trade union com- 
mittee for the defense of John Fougerouse, a 
native of Tahiti, active member of the Union 
and a leader for many years among West Coast 
maritime workers. 

New York Trade Union Committee 
Planning Special Summer Program 

The New York Trade Union Committee 
for Protection of Foreign Born is preparing 
.a full program for the summer months. D( 
spite the fact that many trade unionists are 
away on vacation and large affairs very diffi- 
cult, the Trade Union Committee is planning 
to lake its program to the union members at 
camps, resorts and vacation spots. Plans are 
being considered for holding a week-end Trade 
Union Conference at one of the summer re- 
sorts in June. 

Carl Paivio 

Carl Paivio, secretary of the Finnish Ameri- 
can Mutual Aid .Society, died on April 21 at the 
age of 58. Mr. Paivio, a resident of the U. S. 
for 39 years, was arrested in deportation pro- 
ceedings during November 1949 and was held 
on Ellis Island three times since The ACPFB 
stated that the manner in which the Immigra- 
tion Service hounded Carl Paivio, despite the 
fact that he was seriously ill, contributed to 
his untimely death. In tribute to the memor>' 
of Carl Paivio, the ACPFB pledged intensified 
efforts in the fight against the deportation 
hysteria and the Justice Department's hound- 
ing of honest and decent non-citizens because 
of their political opinions. 


A Midwest Conference to Defend the Bill of Rights and for the Defense 
of Foreign Born will be held at the UE Hall, 37 S. Ashland Boulevard, Chicago, 
oil Sunday, May 18. Under auspices of the Midwest Committee for Protection 
of Foreign Born, this will be the first such conference since the U. S. Supreme 
Court in three separate rulings sought to nullify all constitutional guarantees 
accorded our foreign born. The Conference is sponsored by such proniient 
midwest trade union leaders as Sven Anderson: Milliard Ellis, UAW-CIO Local 
4.'J3; .John Bernard: Kenneth Born: Ernest DeMaio: Grant Oakes, UE-FE; 
Leon Beverly; Samuel J. Parks; Peter B. Brown, United Packinghouse Work- 
ers; Coleman \. Young, National Negro Labor Council. Other sponsors in- 
clude Dr. Edith Abbot, Rev. J. C. Austin, Rev. Joseph M. Evans, Rabbi George 
Fox, Hon. Robert Morss Lovett, Prof. Robert J. Havighurst. 

Central theme of the Conference will be formulation of a program of 
acliftn geared to alerting the largest possible sections of the Midwest to dangers 
inherent to the liberties of all Americans in recent Supreme (]ourt decisions. 
Primary emphasis will be placed on the case of Martin Young, now in his 
seventh month of incarceration on Ellis Island denied bail, as well as special 
pr<i!)lems of immigrants from Mexico. 



The Immigration and Naturalization Service, in the course of its deporta- 
tion hysteria, is intensifying persecution of non-citizens who face deportation 
for technical violations of the immigration laws. Non-citizens who have sup- 
ported labor and democratic causes are denied any consideration by the Im- 
migration and Naturalization Service . 

JOE WEBER, against whom the Board of Immigration Appeals has re- 
cently sustained an order of deportation, is charged with "illegal entry." Basis 
for the charge is that Weber, trade union organizer for many vears, while en- 
route to a National CIO Convention in San Francisco, made a four-hour visit 
to Mexico. A native of Yugoslavia, Weber has been active in organizing rubber, 
auto, farm equipment and other workers. 

NICHOLAS KALOUDIS , also ordered deported bv the Board of Immigra- 
tion Appeals, is charged with having overstayed his time in this land. General 
Secretary of the Federation of Greek Maritime Unions, he is now held on 
Ellis Island, denied bail pending final disposition of his case. A native of 
Greece, he would face death if deported there for the Greek Government has 
a charge of "high treason" pending against him for activity on behalf of the 

DIAMOND KIMM, also ordered deported, is a native of Korea. He was a 
member of the O.S.S. Field Unit for the invasion of Korea in 1945 and today 
is editor of the "Korean Independence," weekly student newspaper of Los 
Angeles. Kimm, as Kaloudis, is charged with having overstayed his time in 
this country. Behind these flimsy charges can be seen the whole pattern of 
the conscious drive to get rid of any person speaking out against war and for 

MEXICAN-AMERICANS are undoubetdly the most victimized by the Im- 
migration Service for minor infractions. Thousands and thousands of Mexicans 
are rounded up and deported far into the interior of Mexico, with little or no 
regard as to citizenship status. The Immigration Service recently asked Con- 
gress for a special appropriation in order to deport 43,600 Mexicans during 
Mav and June. 



Exhibit No. 18 
The Lamp, No. 73, June- July, 1952, p. 2 



In a letter to the President, Mrs. Benny Saltzman, 
of New York, protested the threatened deportation 
of her husband. Mrs. Saltzman pointed out that 
two song, Isidore and Bernard, fought in the Battle 
of the Bulge during World War Two as members 
of the U. S. armed forces. Isidore was killed while 
Bernard received a Purple Heart for injuries sus- 
tained in battle. Today, their third son. Max, 18 
years old, is expecting to be drafted into the armed 
forces any day. "My husband is a brave loyal 
father," Mrs. Saltzman says, "who has been tor- 
tured by the Justice Department for nearly four 
years. ... I ask you to stop this shameful act." 


In a letter to "'The Detroit Times," written in 
Korea, Pfc. Joseph Ragni condemned the threaten- 
ed deportation of his father, Louis. "I am a marine 
fighting with an infantry battalion in the 1st Marine 
Division in Korea. I have just been informed that 
my father, Louis, is to be deported . . . He has been 
in the United States for more than 25 years and 
has raised three sons, two of whom have fought in 
Korea. Surely I can expect better treatment 
from my country." In an interview with a 
Times reporter. Louis Ragni stated: "If I am 
deported, what can 1 teli the people in Italy of the 
democracy I knew in America?" 


An apphcation for certiorari is being filed in the U. S. Supreme Court 
appealing the decision of the Federal Court of Appeals sustaining the deporta- 
tion to Mexico of Refugio Konian Martinez, Chicago trade union leader, father 
of two children. . . . An appeal has been filed with the Federal Court of Ap- 
peals, in San Francisco, from the decision of Federal District Court Judge Liud- 
berg, of Seattle, ordering the deportation to the Philippine Islands of Ernesto 
Mangaoang, business agent of the Alaska Cannery Workers Union, ILWU, Local 
37. . . . An application for a writ of habeas corpus on May 8 prevented the 
immediate deportation to Finland of Carl Latva, of Wendell, New Hampshire. 
Federal District Court Judge Wyzanski, of Boston, released Latva on bail. 

BOARD OF IMMIGRATION APPEALS: On April 29, sustained deportation 
in the case of Paul Cinat , of Clinton Corners, N. Y. Heard appeals (On May 8) 
in the case of Mrs. Antonia Sentner, of St. Louis; (May 23) Paul Yuditch, N. ¥.; 
.l ulian Krasowsk i. Manasquam, N. J.; Peter Kuslinir , Chicago; James M^ cKay, 
Gary; John Hil ty, Milwaukee; Ramon Tancioco , Portland, Ore.; Dr. John 
Greenbef g, San Antonio; Francis co Coron a, !■ red Fireston e, Bessie Geiser. 
Zdena Hernandez, Rave RuEin . ALrah am Roast. Los Angeles; (June 17) \jsan 
Callow , Niles, Ohio; James Keller , CfiicagoT John Stenson^ West Linn, Oregon; 
Ge orge Luckman . Ponce Torre s, Hazel Wol f, Seattle; Elias Espin oza, R ]ain-li 
Fradki n, J oseph Modotti . J usto S 7"Cruz, E sther Sazer,. Frank Yoehimoto. Los 


On May 15, Jose Estrada, resident of Dallas, Texas, for 45 years, was kid- 
napped by the Justice Department and thrown across the Mexican border before 
all legal avenues challenging his deportation ease had been exhausted. Estrada 
is married to an American citizen and the father of 10 children, one of whom 
received the Purple Heart for injuries sustained in World War II. The kid- 
napping of Estrada robbed the family of a breadwinner, widowed his wife and 
orphaned his children. The family learned of the kidnapping only when they 
arrived to visit him as scheduled When the family protested the kidnapping, 
they were met with abuse and discourtesy by immigration authorities. 


The United States Supreme Court has granted certiorari in the case of 
Harry Chew, Chinese-American seaman, husband of an American citizen, who 
has been denied permission to re-enter the United States, despite the fact he had 
been cleared to sail American ships by the U. S. Coast Guard. Ordered excluded 
on his return from abroad as a seaman on an American ship, he has been held 
on Ellis Island since March 10, 1951, denied bail. Through his attorney, Ira 
Gollobin, he was informed that the basis of the exclusion is "confidential 
information" the disclosure of which would be "prejudicial to public interest." 

Organizational Activities 

Last month, the ACPFB issued a special 
leaflet on the case of Ma;tin Young, who 
has been held on Ellis island foe eight months 
denied bail, and a protest post-card on his 

On May 25, a conference of orguntzMiom 
held in Boston voted to set up a New Enjjlan d 

Committee jar Pr otection ni P/^^g/f^n Rnjrt 

for TFe defense ofnoncitizens in Boston 
and vicinity. 

The Michigan Chapter of the National 
Women's Appeal for the Rights of Foreign 
Born Americans issued an attractive pamphlet 
on the cases of eight women in Detroit and 
vicinity who faces deportation and life-time 
separation from their families. 

Hi/man Kaplan, o f New Haven, Conn., has 
puhlished a public statement, "They Want to 
Tate Away My Citizenship," stating the 
issues in the Justice Depurttnent' s attempt 
to revoke his American citizenship. 

On June 29, the Northerii California Com- 
mittee for Protection of Foreign Born held 
its first Conference in San Francisco. Mrs. 
Grace Partridge, of San Francisco, is nVw 
serving as Executive Secretary of the Com- 
mittee, which is defending William Heikkila. 
Nat Vanish, and others against the threat 
of deportation. 

The Hungarian A mnricM Defense Com- 
miitee has translate'3"~a>!it ~^ubUshtd in 
pamphlet form the ACPFB folder, "The 
Rights of Foreign Born Americans." by 
George W. Crociett, Jr.. of Detroit. 

On June 22, the Los Angeles Committee 
for Protection of Foreign Born held a highly 
successful all-day Festival of Nationalities 
with a varied national group cultural program. 

Plans are proceeding for the establishment 
in New York of a Committee for the Defense 
of Edunia Ramirez, Cuban-born mother of 
two American citizens arrested for deportation 
in Puerto Rico — the first political deportation 
case in the history of Puerto Rica. 

The Michigan Committee for Protection of 
Foreign Born has issued a special lea.^et on 
the appeal to the President by Pfc. Joseph 
Ragni, now in Korea, protesting the dcporta. 
tion to Italy of his father. Louis R.iyn i and 
a 4-page folder, "After 58 Years in America 
— They Took His Citizenship Away," con- 
cerning the denaturalization case of George 

On May 21, representatives of defense com- 
mittees meeting in Minneapolis, voted to 
establish a Provisional ^Minnesota Committee 
for£rj!iutiiuL_si- lu'eigii Born, uJth A^i- 
Atmijoley as secretary. The Committee will 
lefend Peter Warhol. Chjrle< Rouoldt. and 
Harry Roatt. 


Exhibit No. 19 
Report From Washington 

No. 2, July 5, 1955. 
James Glatis, of Boston, the Justice Department's third witness in the case 
of the American Committee for Protection of Foreign Born, took the stand on 
Friday, June 24, and was on the stand June 28 and the morning of June 
29. The fourth witness, John Lautner, took the stand at 2 : 00 P. M. on Wednes- 
day, June 29, and was on the stand June 30 and July 1. Cross-examination 
of Lautner will be resumed on July 6, when he returns to the stand. The 
hearings are scheduled to continue July 6, 7, and 8, then recess until after 
Labor Day. 

* 4c * * 

Note. — "Report from Washington" is a public report. For this reason, It 
will be necessary on occasion for us to make statements without corroboration. 
We regret that this is necessary as a part of the defense of the ACPFB. All 
statements made in this REPORT, countering testimony of Justice Depart- 
ment witnesses, will be supported by testimony and evidence, when the ACPFB 
pre.sents its case before the hearings in Washington, after the Justice Depart- 
ment completes presenting its "case." 

* »< * * 

One year ago, on July 8, 1954, the New York Times stated in an editorial: 

"The of informing is — as Justice Holmes once said of the not unre- 
lated art of wire-tapping — a 'dirty business.' The tattletale of childhood be- 
comes in adult life the gossip, the tipster, the informer, the keyhole peeper, the 
agent. Paid or unpaid, it is a distasteful occupation, and one that does not 
become well a free .society. It Implies accusation without proof, defamation 
without responsibility. . . . The informer smacks of the police state . . ." 

James Glatis testitied that he attended the "founding conference" of the New 
England Committee for Protection of Foreign Born in Boston in April 1950 
and that, while he was attending Communist Party meetings during 1950, the 
members of his CP branch were urged to support the New England Committee. 
Glatis joined the CP at the suggestion of the FBI and attended CP branch 
meetings from April 1949 to October 1950. His testimony was intended by the 
the Justice Department to show Conmiunist Party support of the ACPFB. 

The truth is that the New England Committee teas not established until May 
1952. Glatis manufactured testimony to fit the Justice Department's charges 
against the ACPFB. 

In his direct testimony, John Lautner identified William Zazuliak as a person 
he knew to be a member of the Communist Party in Detroit in 1932 and later 
when he worked for the International Workers Order. It is known, however, 
that William Zazuliak never worked for the IWO. A John Zazuliak did work 
for the IWO. Under cross-examination, Lautner stated finally that the person 
he knew was named Zazuliak and that "Zazuliak" had been a member of the 
CP. It would appear, therefore, that since Lautner knew a Zazuliak in Detroit 
in 1932 as a member of the Communist Party, every person in the United States 
whose name is Zazuliak would therefore be identified by Lautner as a member 
of the CP. 



Exhibit No. 20 
The Lamp, October-November, 1951, p. 3 

Birthday Party 
For Harriet Barron 

A birthday Party will be held on November 
10 at the Fifth Floor Lounge, 13 Astor Place, 
honoring Harriet Barron, Adm. Secy, of the 
ACPFB, on her 50th birthday. 

Nazis May Become Citizens 

Eighteen members of such organizations as 
the Hitler Youth Movement were granted 
citizenship, according to a story carried in the 
Houston (Texas) Post recently. The examiner 
told the federal district judge that the 18 were 
admitted members of that organization, but, 
he pointed out, this did not bar them from 
American citizenship under the 1950 Internal 
Security Act. "None," said he "had ever been 
a Communist or a member of a Communist 
front organization, only Nazi and Fascist." 

Yuditch Defense Committee 

A committee of representatives of rank and 
file members of trade unions has been organ- 
izd for the defense of Paul Yuditch, labor 
editor of the Morning Freiheit. The Commit- 
tee held a Conference on November 8 at the 
Malin Studio in New York. Speakers included 
Paul Novick, editor of the Morning Freiheit, 
Carol King, General Counsel of the ACBPF 
and Joseph Tillman of DPOWA. Two rep- 
sary National Conference. Officers of the Com- 
resentatives were elected to the 20th Anniver- 
mittee Charles Nemeroff, Chairman and 
Charles Stein, Secretary, 

Ida Gottesman Committee 
Holds Art Exhibit 

The Ida Gottesman Defense Committee is 
holding an exhibit of paintings of Mary Brit- 
on, on Sunday af.ternoon, December 1, at 77 
Fifth Avenue, New York. The artist has con- 
tributed paintings which will be auctioned and 
proceeds will go to the defense of Ida Gottes- 


Harry Chew, Chinese-American seaman, has been held in Ellis Island 
since March 29, 1951, separated from his American-citizen wife. Chew who 
arrived in the U.S. as a seaman in 1941, legalized his status on the basis of his 
marriage to an American citizen. An April 6, 1951 he filed a petition for Amer- 
ican citizenship which is still pending. In November, 1950, he shipped as Chief 
Steward on the SS Sir John Franklin and was screened by the Coast Guard. 
On arriving in New York on March 29, 1951, he was held on board the ship 
and excluded from the United States, on the basis of "confidential informa- 
tion" the disclosure of which "would be prejudicial to the public interest."' 
An application for a writ of habeas corpus was denied and the case was urged 
in the U.S. Court of Appeals on November 7. No decision has yet been rendered. 
Carol King and Ira Gollobin represent Mr. Chew. 


Ponce Torres, a member of Local 37, ILWU, was found not guilty by a Fed- 
eral Grand Jury of allegedly claiming citizenship when applying in 1949 for a 
job with the Boeing Plane Company, in Seattle. Ponce Tones is one of the 
members of the Union who has been arrested in deportation proceedings. He 
was represented by Attorneys John Caughlan and C. T. Hatten, of Seattle. 


230 representatives of organizations participated in the California Con- 
ference under the auspices of the California CPFB. The delegates included 
62 trade unions, 45 national groups, 15 from Mexican organizations and the 
balance from general organizations. The resolutions adopted were on (1.) 
the general attack on foreign born (2.) problems of Mexican Americans and 
mass deportations of Mexican nationals (3.) trade unions and protection of 
their foreign-born members and (4. ) repeal of the Smith ard McCarran Laws. 
(4.) Delegates came from the entire West .Coast, from Seattle, Washington, 
to Santa Anna, California. Representatives were elected to participate 4n the 
20th Anniversary National Conference, CPFB. 

Boston to Expand 
Committee V/ork 

Shortly after Thanksgiving, a special meeting 
will be held in Boston to plan activity around 
local cases. Delegates will be elected to attend 
the 2nth Annivrsary Convention. 

Carl Paivio Birthday 
Party December 15 

The Finnish-Amerfcan Freedom Committee 
and the Estonian and Latvian Committees for 
Protection of Foreign Born will celebrate Carl 
Paivio's Birthday on Saturday, December 15. 

The party will be held at the Estonian Hall 
at 125th St. and Lexington Ave., New Yoik 
City Proceeds will go towards Paivio's defense. 

George Zallas, Greek-American of 
Detroit, died last week of multiple scle- 
rosis. Even in his last days he was 
hounded by the Justice Department and 
threatened with deportation. In his 
memory let us intensify the fight against 


The Michigan Committee for the Protection of the Foreign Born held a 
conference at the Ford Local 600 Auditorium in Dearborn, Michigan. Speakers 
included Walter Quillico, Educational Director of llie Ford Local 600 who 
welcomed the delegates and discussed the newly-formed Workers Defense 
Committee of his union. 

Other speakers included Reverend Charles Hill, Attorneys Carol King and 
George Crockett, Harriet Barron, Adm. Secretary of the ACPFB, Ann Shore, 
of CRC, and Saul Grossman, Secretary of the Michigan Committee. The Con- 
ference was chaired by Tom Dombrowski, editor of the Polish-Americiln, GLOS 
LUDOWY. Plans for developing and extending the work of the Michigan 
Committee were, formulated at the conference. ' 

These plans were formulated through discussions in two panels dealing 
with special problems of nationality groups and trade unions. 

All nationality groups will be contacted before*he American Committee's 
20th Anniversary National Conference to be held in Chicago December 8 and 9. 

Special meetings will elect delegates to the National Conference as well as 
redouble efforts to secure support in the Peter Harisiades case. 

A trade union advisory committee was set up to work in conjunction with 
the Michigan Committee to assure that publicity in defense of fofeign-bom 
Americans is regularly included with trade union news. 


Exhibit No. 21 
The Lamp, June-August, 1953, No. 78, p. 2 


Continued arrests in deportation proceedings during recent months 
brought the total non-citizens arrested to date to 290. Three non-citizens, facing 
deportation, left last month: Frank Corona, of Los Angeles, for Mexico; Mrs. 
Edunia Ramirez, of Puerto Rico, for Cuba ; Mrs. Coldie Davidoff, of New York, 
for Canada. 

Twenty cases were argued on appeal during the past month before the 
Board of Immigration Appeals in Washington. The Board sustained deporta- 
tion orders in the cases of: Jack Stachel, at present in the Federal Correctional 
Institution at Danhury serving a 5-year jail sentence under the Smith Act, who 
claims to be an American citizen on the basis of his father's naturalization; 
Charles Doyle, native of Scotland, in whose case an appeal has been filed in the 
Federal District Court in New York; Matt Blaskovich, of Cleveland, facing 
deportation to Yugoslavia; Reuben Ship, Hollywood screen and radio script 
writer, facing deportation to England. 

Deportation hearings were held during the past month in the cases of: 
Felix Kusman, Spanish War veteran, in New York; Leonard Costa, who 
claims to be a native-born American, in Rochester, N. Y.; Alan McNeil, UE 
organizer, who also claims U. S. birth, in Pittsburgh; and John Fougerouse, 
longshore leader of Portland, Oregon, who faces deportation to Tahiti. Wit- 
nesses for John Fougerouse in his deportation hearing included Rev. Thomas 
Tobin, vicar-general of the archdiocese of Portland; Stanley Earl, Portland 
city councilman; and Al Hartung, president of the IWA-CIO. 

Arrests in deportation included the following: (New York) Israel 
Blankenstein, originally ordered deported in 1925, re-arrested only to enable 
the Justice Department to hold him without bail on Ellis Island; Felix 
Kusman, Spanish War veteran, native of Estonia. (Detroit) 72-year-old Themis- 
tokles Parashiades. weiehina 100 pounds, released without bail; on May 20, 
Daniel Kiltchak, 64, just as he was making final arrangements to leave the 
country and return to Poland. (San Francisco^ James Zivias, 60, native of 
Greece, on ground of affiliation with the Communist Party. (Los Angeles) 
Philip Cherner, 50, native of Russia, suffering from pulmonary tuberculosis; 
Herbert Blache, 71, U. S. resident for 44 years, native of England; Elmer 
Merges, 40, native of Hungary, member of AFL Operating Engineers Union, 
Local 63; Max Kramer, 59, member of ILGWU for 24 years: Ruby Madeline 
Hynes, 49, native of Great Britain; Adolphe Larson, 55, native of Sweden, 
member of AFL Iron Workers Union, Local 509; Thomas Salazar Esttada, 
43, farm worker, father of six American-born children, native of Mexico; 
Mrs. Alice Tucker, 59, resident of U. S. for 48 years, member of ILGWU, 
Local 266. ,^_^__^___^___^.^__ 


The Federal Court of Appeals in San Francisco has ruled that Ernesto 
Mangaoang, Business Agent of ILWU, Local 37, in Seattle, arrested for depor- 
tation i.. the Philippine Islands on the ground of former membership in the 
Communist Party, cannot be deported since he never entered the United States 
as an "alien" but came here as a national. 

Prior to 1934, there was no restriction on immigration to the United States 
by Filipinos. The net effect of the Court's ruling is that any Filipino who en- 
tered the United States for permanent residence before May 15, 1934, cannot 
be deported if he has not traveled to a foreign country since that date. 


The victory in the case of Harry Bridges, President of the International 
Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union, ended the 19 year attempt hy 
the government to jail and deport him. Bridges was convicted for "fraud" in 
'secxiring his U. S. citizenship, together with his two witnesses, also leaders of 
the ILWU. The U.S. Supreme Court decision in establishing a three-year 
statute of limitations against attempts to frame naturalized citizens is of 
nation-wide importance. The ILWU should be congratulated on its consistent 
fight to defend its leaders. 

Defense Activities 

Representatives of defense committees in 
seven states met in New York over the week- 
end of June 12th and developed a program 
of action for repeal of the Walter-McOrran 
Law and defense of its victims. The con- 
ference voted to convene the ACPFB national 
conference in Chicago on December 12 and 
13, 1953. 

The Women s Committee to Free Katharine 
Hyndman, of Chicago, has issued an attractive 
folder. Mrs. Hyndman, of Gar^, has been held 
witliout bail since October 7, 1952, in the 
Crown Point County Jail, Indiana, and faces 
deportation to Yugoslavia. 

More than 5,000 persons participated in the 
Festival of Nationalities on June 7th spon- 
sored by the Loy Angeles Committee for Pro- 
tection of Foreign Born. Stanley Nowak, of 
Detroit, was the principal "speaker. 

At special Petition to Congress for Repeal 
of the Walter-McCarran Law is being circu- 
lated among organizations in the state by the 
New Jersey Committee for Protection of 
Foreign Born. 

A special folder on the denaturalization pro- 
visions of the Walter-McCarran Law has been 
published in the Polish language by the Ameri- 
can Polish Committee for Protection of For- 
eign Born, of Detroit . 

The Washington State Committee for Pro- 
tection of Foreign Born and the Local 37 
ILWU Defense Committee held a Victory 
Rally celebrating the victory in the cases of 
Ernie Mangaoang and Harry Bridges on Julv 
19th in Seattle. Rose Chernin, of Los Angeles, 
was the principal speaker. 

Immigration Service Terrorizes 
Chinese-American Community 

On May 1^, the Immigration and Natural- 
ization Service carried out a Palmer Raid 
operation against the Chinese-American com- 
rrunity of Marysville. Cah"fornia. Marvin E. 
Lewis. San Francisco attorney, has reported 
that 30 immigration agents swooped down on 
the community at about midnight. "Thev 
blockaded all the roads in and out of town."" 
Mr. Lewis reports, "and prevented any Ch; 
nese — whether he was a citizen or not — from 
leaving town. Then they herded ever>bo i 
into two clubs and held them incommunicado, 
entered homes, and stopped and questioned all 
Chinese on the streets. The whole thing last 
about five hours, and out of it three Chinese 
were booked for illegal entry." 

Cartoonist for Chicago Sun-Times 
Ordered Deported on Political Charge 

On July 8, Jacob_JujxLJ'ulit7er prize win- 
ning cartoonist tor' the Chicago Sun-Times, 
was ordered deported from the U. S. on the 
charge of past membership in the Communis- 
Party. Mr. Burck. 48, was born in Poland 
and came to this country' in 1914. He denies 
ever having been a member of the Commu- 
nist Party. The deportation order is being 


McCarran Law Provision 
Means Widespread Deportation 

The Justice Department is starting to use 
a Walter-McCarran Law provision that will 
affect thousands of non-citizens. Under the old 
law, non-citizens who entered illegally before 
July 1, 1924, did not face deportation. Under 
Section 241 of the Walter-McCarran Law any 
non-citizen who entered illegally .it any time 
faces deportation. Thousands of non-citizens, 
heretofore secure against deportation, now sud- 
denly are threatened after living here for 40 
and 50 years. 



Exhibit No. 22 

[The Lamp, No. 66, April-May 1951, p. 3] 


Two deportation cases — based on political beliefs and affiliation — are 
being taken to the U. S. Supreme Court by the ACPFB. A decisiop by the 
U. S. Supreme Court in these cases may decide for the first time in the history 
of the United States whether the Justice Department's attempt to deport 
long-time residents of this country is in violation of the Bill of Rights of the 
U. S. Constitution. While the Justice Department ordered Harisiades deported 
for membership in an organization advocating the overthrow of government 
by "force and violence," it found at the same time that Harisiades never 
believed or advocated "force and violence." A decision by the U. S. Supreme 
Court may determine whether the Justice Department can deport more than 
3,400 non-citizens because of their affiliations under the McCarran Law. 

The Harisiades Case 

Peter Harisiades was bom in Greece in 1903 and has lived in the U. S. 
since 1916. He is married to an American citizen and is the father of two 
American-bom children. He faces deportation because of his membership, from 
1925 to 1939, in the Communist Party. A petition for certiorari is to be filed 
with the U. S. Supreme Court in the Harisiades case during May. 

The Coleman Case 

Mrs. Dora Coleman, of Philadelphia, was bom in Russia in 1900 and 
has lived in the U. S. since 1914. She is married to an American citizen and is 
the mother of three American-bom children. She faces deportation for mem- 
bership in the Communist Party in 1936. On March 16, a three-man Federal 
cotirt in the District of Columbia denied an application for an injunction seek- 
ing to restrain the Justice Department from deporting Mrs. Coleman. An 
appeal to the U. S. Supreme Court was filed in the Coleman case during April. 

The Issues 

In both the Harisiades and the Coleman cases, it is the position of the 
defense that the 1918 deportation law, providing for deportation for political 
opinions, is in violation of the Bill of Ri(i;hts since it would deprive non-citizens 
of freedom of speech and freedom of belief. In addition, it is contended that 
Harisiades and Coleman face deportation under an ex-post-facto law since 
the 1940 amendment to the 1918 deportation law (making membership al any 
time in the past a deportable offense) was passed after both Harisiades and 
Coleman were no longer members of the organization which the government 
charges with advocating "force and violence." 

The Harisiades and Coleman case may determine vital civil rights issues 
affecting all Americans. The treatment of son-cilizns — their status and rights 
in this country — has always served as a barometer indicating the health of 
.American democracy. The United States, a country built and made up of 
minorities, cannot long survive as a democracy if its government persecutes 
minorities. The foreign bom would be affected directly by any adverse decision 
in the Harisiades and Cobnan cases. The native bom, however, would suffer 
just as much as a result of any reactionary precedents established in these 
deportation cases by the U. S. Supreme Court. It is the responsibility, therefore, 
of all Americans — native as well as foreign bom — to voice support for the 
rights of non-citizens and to work for a decision by the U. S. Supreme Court 
that will firmly establish freedom of speech and freedom of belief for all 
Americans, non-citizens as well as citizens. 

Eastern Seabord Conference 

An Eastern Seaboard Conference on 
Deportation will be held by the ACPFB 
on Saturday afternoon, May 19, from 
1 :00 to 5:00 P.M , at the Teachers Cen- 
ter. 206 West 15 Street. New York City. 
The Conference will develop a program 
of aaion to launch a nationwide cam- 
paign on the Harisiades and Coleman 
deportation cases now before the U- S. 
Supreme Court. 

Organizational Activities 

The ACPFB issued two folders during the 
past month: ■"1798 — Thomas Jefferson Fought 
the First Deportation Drive in the History of 
the United States*' was devoted to the Wash- 
ington Pilgrimage of the American citizen 
families of deportees; "He Gave His Life . . . 
For What?" is devoted to the deportation case 
of Benjamin Saltzman, whose son died as a 
member of the armed forces of th U. S. 
during World War II 

The Committee for Defeme of Pour of 
Oregon's Foreign Born, of Portland, issued 
J special leaflet addressed to trade unionists in 
the Northwest concerning the recent deporta- 
tion arrests of members of the Alaska Can- 
nery Workers Union, Local 1-C, ILWV. 

The National Womens Appeal for the Rights 
of Foreign Born Americans held a tea on March 
1 7th in New York City to honor the American 
citizen families of New York deportees. The 
NWA also issued two special post<ards, one 
greeting Mrs. Miriam Stevenson, of the Term- 
inal Island Four, and the other a Mothers Day 
card addressed to President Truman protest- 
ing the deportation drive. 

The Northern California Committee for 
Protection of Foreign Born issued a special 
folder, "Your Door Bell Rings . . .," discuss- 
ing the McCarran Law midnight raids of Octo- 
ber 22. 1950. and the deportation cases of 
William Heikiila, Ida Rothstein, Ernest Pox, 
Chris Mensalvas, and Nat Vanish. 

A meeting to protest the deportation hys- 
teria was held in Chicago on March 5 by the 
Moses Resnikoff Defense Committee. Mrs. 
Lillian Carlson and Mrs. Mary Hyun, wives 
of two of the Terminal Island Four, were the 
principal speakers. 

The Northwest Committee for Protection of 
Foreign Born, in Seattle, elected the following 
officers for the coming year: Chairman — Mrs, 
Florence Bean James; Treasurer — Mabel Con- 
rad: Executive Secretary — Dr. H. J. Phillips. _ 

A reception and meeting in honor of Dora 
Lipshitz, who faces deportation after living 
in the US. for more than 45 years, was held 
m New York on March 21 by tjie ILGWU 
Members Committee for Dora Lipshitz. 


These appeals to the United States Supreme Court involve expenditures of tremendous gums of 
money — for filing fees, printing court records, attorneys, etc. It will take more than $25,000 for legal 
and public expenditures. Your cooperation and help are solicited. (1) Send a letter to President 
Truman calling for an end to the Justice Department's deportation drive. (2) Send a letter to Attorney 
General J. Howard McGrath, Washington, D. C, calling for the immediate release on bail of the Terminal 
Island Four. (3) Send your rontribution to help carry these appeals through the Supreme Court. Use 
this coupon. (Your name and address appear on the reverse side.) 

D I have written to President Truman on the deportation drive. 

D I have written to Attorney General McGrath concerning the right to bail. 
■ Enclosed find S as my contribution. 


Exhibit No. 23A 
[N'ew York Beacon, Issued by New York Committee for Protection of Foreign Born] 


The Walter-McCarran Law provides that all noncitizens must report t'^eir 
current address to the Justice Department during the month of January. 

All that is necessary is to go to the nearest Post Office and pick up an "Alien 
Report Card." Fill out the card and leave at the designated spot in any Post 

If you or a friend has a problem in filling the card, bring it to the NYCPFB. 
But remember, the card must be filled in and returned by January 31. Severe 
penalties are imposed for failure to do so. 

Coming Events 

Jan. 15th : Film and talk by Alec Jones on Walter-McCarran Law, 8 p. m., 
Polonia Club, 219 Second Ave., NYC. 

Jan. 16th : Banquet to Honor Hugo Gellert, 3 p. m., Hungarian House, 2141 
Southern Blvd., Bronx. 

Jan. 17th : Rally to repeal Walter-McCarran Law, 7 p. m., at Yugoslav Hall. 
405 West 41st St., NYC. 

Jan. 29th : Asian Festival presented by Comm. to Defend Chungsoon and Choon 
Cha Kwak, 9 p. m., at Yugoslav Hall. 

Repeal in '55 

Mass rally for Walter-McCarran Repeal, 7 p. m., Monday, January 17, 1955, 
Yugoslav Hall, 405 W. 41st St., NYC. Hear Mary Karman. Paul Novick, Charles 
Collins, Carl Marzani, Ira (roUobin — auspices : N. Y. Committee Protection For- 
eign Born. Adm. 50 cents (more on page 3). 

New York Conference To Defend Rights of Foreign Born Set for March 19 

March 19, 1955 has been set as the date for the Second Annual Conference of 
the New York Committee for Protection of Foreign Born. 

Currently there are more than 89 persons being defendefl by the NYCPFB and 
the Conference's main objective will be to develop a campaign to help assure 
that those facing deportation are allowed to remain in the United States and that 
denaturalization proceedings against 15 are dropped. 

From all indications, there will be new attempts in the 84th Congress to scuttle 
repeal legislation. Our Conference must be prepared to thwart such a move. 

Between now and the March 19th Conference it is urged that all organizations 
and individuals take steps to see that Congressmen are visited and requested to 
introduce and supjwrt legislation for repeal or revision. 

The NYCPFB is initiating a poll of both State legislators and Congressmen to 
determine their position. The next edition of the Beacon will carry poll results. 

Are Yoti a Sustainer? 

In view of increased operational costs, the NYCPFB is calling upon all Beacon 
readers to become monthly sustainers. Your regular contributions of $1 or more 
a month can be of great help. ( See page four. ) 

Exhibit No. 23B 

Protests Win Freedom of All Arrested in Political Deportation Proceedings 

In the last edition of the Beacon, we reported that Nick and Mary Karman, 
Clara Oelman and John Billy Zazuliak, had been freed after more than six 
months in jail, denied bail by the Justice Department. 

On November 18, 1954, Frank Ibanez was arrested and denied bail but after a 
month's detention was freed on $2,0(K) bail. On December 2, 1954, Nick Marinos 
was arrested and freed in $1,(MM) bond after one week's detention. Marinos, a 
native of Greece, has lived in the United States since 1920. 

The plight of those denied bail was first exposed in a letter by Pearl Buck, 
printetl in the New York Times 11/16/54. The New York Times followed with 


editorial comment and the printing of other letters until finally on Jan. 4, 1955, 
the New York Times reported that no longer were "detainees" being held in jails 
but rather a dormitory has been constructed on the ninth floor of the Old 
Federal Building at 641 Washington Street, New York City. 

Edward J. Shaughnessy. district director of Immigration and Naturalization, 
has stated that the new dormitory -luarters are "not cells" and refers to them as 
"spacious" and "cheerful". In etlitorial comment 1/5/55, the New York Times 
declared : "Protests against the jailing of aliens detained by the Immigration 
Service pending final disposition of their cases seem at last to have taken effect — 
at least in the New York district. . . . the incarceration by administrative fiat of 
anyone neither charged nor convicted of crime is deeply repugnant to Americans 
and should not have been permitted in the first place. Whether the new 'dormi- 
tories' for men and women, apparently separating husbands and wives are 'ap- 
propriate places' for detainees within the meaning of the law remains to be 
seen . . ." 

The significance of the campaign in behalf of detainees can be seen in that for 
the first time since October, 1951 no person arrested in political deportation is 
in jail denied bail. 

Defense Committees 

Yugoslav Comm. had a welcome home party for Nick and Mary Karman on 
Saturday, December 18th. 

Greek Comm. is issuing a leaflet and collection list on the Nick Marinos case 
for mass distribution. 

Ukrainian Comm. had a welcome home affair for John Billy Zazuliak, Friday, 
December 10th. 

Finnish Comm. ran a successful Banquet Saturday, December 10th. 

Rose Nelson Comm. is preparing a skit on Supervisory Parole and special ma- 
terial for distribution around International Women's Day. 

Sons & Daughters are writing and visiting Congressmen for repeal action. 
(Keep Us Informed Of Your Activities) 

Literature Available 

In the Shadow of Liberty, by Abner Green. Singe copy 25 cents; 50 for $10. 
The Walter-McCarran Law, by Abner Green. Single copy 25 cents ; 50 for $10. 
Fact Sheets on registration provisions & denaturalization provisions. Single 
copy free ; 100 for $3. 

The Schneiderman Case. Single Copy 10 cents. 
The Supreme Court in the Bridges Case. Single Copy 10 cents. 
Folder on Supervisory Parole. Single Copy free ; 100 for $2. 
Strange Trial of Stanley Nowak. Single Copy $1 ; 10 for $7. 

Exhibit No. 23C 
January 17 Meeting To Kick OB Repeal Campaign 

Gen. Joseph M. Swing, Comm. of Immigration and Naturalization, in a report 
to Att. Gen. Herbert Brownell, stated that "considerable achievements were ac- 
complished even while changing procedures to humanize service. . ." 

These so-called achievements were the upswing of deportation and denatural- 
ization proceedings initiated in past years. 

Gen. Swing seeks to ease the minds of the American people by saying that the 
only persons being deported or denaturalized are "criminals" and "subversives". 
However, what Gen. Swing's report failed to mention, as reported in the N. Y. 
Times, 1/3/55 was that despite the alleged "humanizing" of the Immig. & Nat. 
Service, thousands of foreign born are still being hounded and haras.sed. Walter- 
McCarran Law Supervisory Parole conditions are yet in force. And those whom 
Gen. Swing labels "subversive" are in reality the leaders and members of the 
labor movement and those who have been active in the peace and progressive 
movements of this land. 

The January 17th Rally will launch the NY''CPFB's 1955 campaign for out- 
right repeal or drastic revision of the Walter-McCarran Law. No matter how 
"humanized" the I. & N. Service may become at some future date, the first step 
toward "dehumanizing" is repeal of the Law that breeds inhumanity toward the 
foreign born. 


While there will be speakers on hand who have firsthand experience with the 
Law (see page one), the meeting itself will be different than most rallies in that 
it will be a planning and prograniming rally. Material will be given each par- 
ticipant so that immediately following the Rally individual and organizational 
steps can be taken for repeal. So don't miss the January 17th Rally to Repeal the 
Walter-McCarran Law, 7 : 00 p. ra. sharp in Yugoslav Hall, 405 West 41st Street, 
NYC. Adm. 50 cents. 

Dr. Robert J. Oppenheimer Assails Walter-McCarran Law 

In an interview on EJdward R. Murrow's "See It Now" CBS television show 
Jan. 4th, Dr. Robert J. Oppenheimer assailed the Walter-McCarran Law. Al- 
though Dr. Oppenheimer branded the Law as a "wholly fantastic and grotesque 
way to meet the threat of espionage," he also declared that under the Law's reg- 
ulations "perhaps not even" Dr. Albert Einstein could have entered this land. 

The famous physicist declared we were "rightly ashamed by the contempt that 
the Europeans have for us." 

Stanley Nowak Defense Committee Issues 96-Page Book on Denaturalization 

"The Strange Trial of Stanley Nowak" is the oflScial title of a 96-page book on 
the Nowak denaturalization case. But while the book deals with the life and 
work of Stanley Nowak, it is the story of the more than 45 persons today facing 
Walter-McCarran Law revocation of citizenship. 

The book tells dramatically how Nowak as state senator, organizer, lecturer 
and just plain American worked and fought for labor's rights, the rights of the 
Negro people, peace and democracy. It tells how his efforts in these directions 
led to his first denaturalization trial back in 1942. 

The 1942 indictment was dismissed as an "error in judgment." Yet today 
"a decided change has occurred" and Stanley Nowak once again fights to preserve 
his citizenship. 

Written by Konrad Komorowski, the book is a must for all who want to fully 
understand the meaning of Atty. Gen. Herbert Brownell's threat to denaturalize 
10,000 naturalized citizens under provisions of the Walter-McCarran Law. 

Single copies of the "Strange Trial of Stanley Nowak" are available at $1 
each from the NYGPB^. Special rates of 70 cents for 10 or more copies. Use 
the enclosed envelope and order your copy today. 

Exhibit No. 23D 

323 Delegates Attend National Conference To Defend Rights of Foreign 

Born Americans 

323 delegates from 16 states and the District of Columbia attended the 
National Conference to Defend the Rights of Foreign Born Americans in New 
York City, on Dec. 11th and 12th, 1954. 

Under auspices of the American Committee for Protection of Foreign Born, 
the delegates adopted a program of action which is summarized as follows: 

Repeal of the Walter-McCarran Law : Full support to ACPFB Legislative Con- 
ference to be held in Washington, D. C. March 27th. 

Fight Against Frame- Ups: Support to reverse 10-year sentence of Knut 
Heikkinen Finnish editor, for alleged failure to apply for travel documents 
following order of deportation. 

Fight Against Supervisory Parole: Support to the efforts of 14 New York 
noncitizens to challenge this section of the W-M Law. Now before Supreme 

Fight Deportations to Mexico: Support to end Justice Department's mass 
terrorization and deportation of Mexicans. 

Defend the ACPFB : Full support to defense of American Comm. for Protec- 
tion of Foreign Born against Justice Department effort to illegalize the 

Full Conference Proceedings will be mailed to Beacon readers on request. 


Challenge op SupsaivisoRY Parole Moves on to U. S. Supreme Court 

The challenge of Walter-McCarran Law Supervisory Parole conditions has 
moved a step nearer to the U. S. Supreme Court. Justice Felix Frankfurter has 
set Jan. 15 as the date for attorneys to silbmit brief in behalf of 14 New York 
non-citizens making the challenge. 

Involved in these cases is that the Justice Department cannot deport the non- 
citizens since they are stateless and has applied unconstitutional restrictions 
upon them. ( See folder : The Walter-McCarran Law — Strait- Jacket for Amer- 
ican Liberties.) 

The N. Y. C. P. F. B. urges that all Beacon readers make immediate contri- 
butions so that we may continue this challenge. 

Federal Judge Knox Upholds Consolidation of Six Denaturalization Cases 

Federal Judge Knox has upheld the consolidation of the cases of V. J. Jerome, 
Paul Novick, James Lustig, Louis Braverman, Isidore Begun, and Louis Wein- 
stock for the purpose of testing the character of the Communist Party. In an 
earlier ruling, it had been decided in the cases of 10 citizens that one could not 
hold the character of the Communist Party to be the same in 1924 as it was in 
1945. In the earlier action, Danny Boano, S. AlmazofP Pearl, Constantin Radzie 
and Isaac Ronch had been included. No trial date has been set as yet following 
the ruling by Judge Knox, who left it up to the trial judge to consolidate the 
other issues. 

Sustaining Fund 

Due to increased activity, the New York Committee has been forced to seek 
larger quarters. We will be moving to the 2nd floor of 23 West 26th St. about 
Feb. 1. Larger quarters mean higher rent and we are asking Beacon readers to 
join our Sustaining Fund. Use the little yellow card to indicate that you will 
contribute $1.00 or more each month to help defray the cost of our larger quar- 
ters. Also, after the first of February, we'll have an open house and invite you 
to an informal office-warming. 

To all Beacon readers : If you are not on the New York Committee's mailing 
list and would like to receive our material, fill in the Coupon below and use 
the postage free envelope. We will see that you receive our material. 

New York Committee, 23 W. 26 St., NYC : Please place me on your mailing list. 



City Zone State 


Exhibit No. 24 



No . ^iQ Yun'K 

m • • • 

TuENATiox^xj.'Ci'O'B/ON^iibrNEwYoRK 2,0 






Exhibit No. 25 

American Committee fob Protection of Foreign Born, 

New York 10, N. Y., June 26, 1952. 
Lillian Dokan, 

526 West 3d Street, Los Angeles, Calif. 
Dear Lhxian : Your answering my letter was quite all right, as my resorting 
to ttie mail since there is no way of being certain that the information would get 
to you in the near future otherwise. 

The information sent to you is all that can be made available by mail. At 
the same time, there isn't much more except for the manner in which it came 
to us. However, that information would not reveal a great deal since it actually 
has nothing direct to do with the stool pigeon. 

I suggest that you check back, if at all possible, to see whether the stool 
pigeon who testified at the Smith Act trial was at the meetings named. If he 
was, then that was the one who reported. If he wasn't then there is another 
stool pigeon operating who has not testified. 

I have not hesitated writing about this because I loathe stool pigeons and 
will do everything possible to expose them when they operate in any organization 
with which I have contact. I suspect the Justioe Department knows and, if 
they intercept this correspondence, it will be no surprise to them. 
Best regards. 

[S] Abner 

Abner Green, 
Executive Secretary. 

Exhibit No. 26 

American Committee fob Protbxjtion of Foreign Born, 

New York 10, N. Y., January 22, 1951. 
Rose Rosenberg, 

112 West 9th Street, Los Angeles, Califoi'nia. 

Deab Rose : Carol King has read to me your letter requesting some assistance 

in regard to the cases of the four non-citizens before the U. S. Court of Appeals. 

I feel that you should consider seriously the position you are attempting to 

advance in an attempt to rebutt the government's contention that non-citizens 

who are members of the Communist Party can be held without bail. 

The position which you seem to be taking might be regarded as one which 
says that past members of the Communist Party can not be held without bail 
but that present members can be. It should be obvious that this would be an 
extremely dangerous position. The issue of membership in the Communist Party 
is a false one, in so far as the question of a non-citizens right to bail is con- 
cerned. The government has still shown no grounds for holding the four without 
bail, and the question as to their membership in the Communist Party is a false 
issue which the government is now attempting to inject into the cases, since 
that is the only charge against the four. 

If the government sustains this position, then all they would have to do is 
bring all non-citizens into court and establish the basis for holding them without 
bail just the same as they are trying to do in the cases on Terminal Island. 
With best wishes and regards, 
Sincerely yours, 

Abneb Green, 
Executive Secretary. 


HoftO*»ry Cn«i'men 





Exhibit No. 27 


23 WEST 26lh STREET • NEW YORK 10, N. Y. 

D«e«ib«r 1, 1955 

Murray HiU 4-^3457 


(P«rti>l Lift) 

Prel. G. Murray 
Df. OoroHiy Sr««tt«r 
Prof. Em.l. C. Iro.n 

frol. Epfirtim Croat 

Dr. Willitm Wall! 0«>loi< 

Dr. W. E. I. DoloH 

fyU farmar 

Prol. Entf F«iM 

Oftman* J. franca 

Prof. «oy«l W. Franca 

huge Galkr* 

tabbl tobati E. GoWbarg 

Dr. MarctM I. €>otd«*MA 

Dr. Marry Grvnctfatt 

Or. tslpk H. GviMllacli 

Or. Atica Hamilton 

Daifilall Hammatt 

Hvgh Hardyman 

tav. Sidney E. Harria 

William Harriaon 

Williard I. Ma»n. Jr. 

bv. Chariaa A. Hill 

tn. OoMid P Hwlbart 

Prol. EricH Kalilar 

tav. J. Spancar ICMMMrd. Jr. 

Hon. tobtn W. Kanair 

Dr. Jofw A. Kingibttry 

Dr. Paul Uv^etas 

Itay Lav 

Prof. Olivor S. Low) 

Hob. Kobart Morw Lav**t 

Albarl Irfalli 

Prof. Ifieodor Me«c^ 

Prof. Harvay K. MeArthor 

Ra*. Warran H. McKaaiM 

lUv. J. H. Ivlaliili 

tl (av. Wallar MitcMt 

Ho.Stanlay MoftaH 

Prof. &aMMr« Ntcotri 
Dr. Phillip B. Oliv«r 
Aitton Rarfrogiar 
laitha C. Kaynoldt 
Eari Hobinaon 
Prof, floban A. KoHRbawm 
Dr. lUlph Sactlay 
Or. Uila Skim 

R«v. Eniaar J. froutaor 
Or. Willard Upkaut 
Or. Harry f . Ward 
John M. W««tfi«rw«i 
Mra. C. E. %. Wood 
•».. Unl f . Wor%, 
tabbi i. lorr Yomsol 

Dear Rose: 

Could jTOu please aend us a biography of Bishop 
Mlteholl, t^ich I toagine you aiuat hare. 

I discussed with Joe Forer preparations for our 
defense this week (the Justice Departnent rested ita 
"case" on Tuesday) and it is important, frcn the way 
Joe puts it, to have Mitchell down for live testimony 
rather than by deposition. 

Uitckall can testify about the work and activities 
of the LA Cam&ittee since he ia an officer. He could 
discuss your program, conference, meeting, banquet. 

If Mitchell is to testify in person, we would want 
to have copies of all comnnicatioos sent out over hia 
signature, proceedings of conferences be attwoded, a 
resume of meetings at which he spoke. (We would want 
five copies of each pdece.) 

Cne other special thing iiltebell oould do - he can 
be ai&ed how come he is Honorary Chaixvan of an organi- 
sation of which the Director is Roae Chemln. (Ihoy put 
in a copy of your conviction from the Court record as 
evidence on Tuesday.) I am certain that Uitehell would 
make the kind of speech at that point that would be 
necessary in the record. 

Dieae are points in addition to my previous letter. 

See you Detroit. 

Best regards. 


Albsr Gisen 


Exhibit No. 28A 



of the 


mimm tmmmi m m protection of foreion born 

N[w wm Id. Nfw nm 

Table of Con*"-!*? 




Right to Sail 

Deportation Hearings 


Exhibit No. 28B 



An .\i;i,k .>>• Ir, ,,!,,,;; .,t ihc (>rr.>s, ' j. 

,1 '. 

.aw o 

■■ Libtrtv Be Dfi 

J.-:. • 

Pt(cr Harisiaft 


in h,- liomtl^r. ' 

t^n-r^ '" A.r.trua,' J 


l-;.-.< Or[Mrun<nts 

■li'cJ Sljtcs. »h.|. • 
-..; S- i,Mv<n ^l^■.^,!.: 

1 -v 

"The ("jv 

..! D; Ki.l.n,. (hamJrj and 

11. .r. i 

;. !hc 

JuMK, D-i-.n.r.u;:: 

Anil. !■. !'■ ,' 

■ "ncininfi, the 


I) 'J 

(.1 1-^ 


.:"' '■■,\ ' 

1 ) lie vs 'Hh hill ot 

■ , M.I .rt.i.i i,.i'A pr-WMorn 
■ ■. .:n K'ln Amfrum^ ant 


tlidusamls of sif-airuio »tre 
rfition In thf CrvsiJcnr u n- 
..ur Dir.Httm-n. s .k-r-rMtnn 

Th« McCarron Low 

On ScptfmtHT 2;. 19^0, Concrt--» 
pawed !hc M.Cjrran Uw, whiih m 
dutttd many .ian^trrous amendmttits oi 
the liHfnii^ration and narurajuation Uw\ 
The Justice Dcpaitmt-nf jaimcdialely 
atttmpEt ! fi> put the dcfM>rIJti*>n pjn- 
V, <„,-,. ,,f 'h, MrCartan Ijw mt.^ 
(•■ '■ '^. ' -': r^ hold 18 0<m<itir«i5 
*-^ ?.ni;- biastJ and unUir 
•'■ lutiim hcatm.KS. send- 

an 1.. dcpoit 'h<T> 

r -n 

pn^rlc in n.iijfi 
!.-aJit...ns and ll 
rnited (italic 

• ;;:: 

M i f>S.rih I'm Hii.-<n Pr^.i !i,.,nf 

1);.. f '.., . t 'ii- U. Mm K. 

n.rnim; •>„. .1.. r..irl,,ii..n ij«. 

Naturalization Aid Servic* 

. \h: \al^j 

inn Aid 

A< I'lH ir 
,,K ,..f,.i-ir 


*(,! and 

diip. .-r 
u- jide.i 

in tl,, I nil 

On lunf 

an 0|..n I 


ot th. 

>'i, Iv.Mi ,.. Ihjll 151) pin 

AiiKiitans si^ncti an O^x-n loiter to Pr 

linman calling *"r an tnd tn thi- Ju^! 

, nnntnt- i-tl. T-.s tn latditati- ihr d.n,,- 

U i,n; M,I,>, 

. hnlinp l-dward 

I'nl I'lliaiM 

\. ':..., II, ,n IjiVk^ 

Napirme Court 
y .1,; Sunx tAvc 

XiM > .'it nil April !•■ itMTMni; tin- >nn- 
•mn and -iM- «ar snnnn.i Kivrn TharlfS A 


I ; 1 [■i.klJ.I OKtinl f 

. .1-1 .Uld \n>.i.,dx. nn!, 
. ■ n. ;i.,li/,(n ll.!d Hi! 
: ■'.,.>.> lb.' Asininvv (..nntjl 

n ,h.,v . I .1;.., n !i,.ri 
..>:.., . , Ai-;., ..I 

taiill. Aci. 

Exhibit No. 28C 



During 1951, the Amciican Committee 
ProrKtitm of Forngn Botn »ill carry forward 
the Rwnv pha«-s ct wmk tn «hKh tl has Stfn 
(ievoifj sinct :i ivas oisanizci) in ]9M. Thf 
ACPFB will fight to txit-nJ the civil hghis 
t.{ the American people hy defertdinjg the demo- 
critic isd consiiluliiinal rjshis of the fornjin' 
burn. SjMsi.ll fittention will he devtitctf >o <hc- 
pjints iHjilinfd btlci*. based i>n the prugtjm 
adopted bv the \.rrional Conference to Defend 
rbe Bill of RjEhts. which met in New 'loik 
Cuy on Dectmber 2 ind ?. 19'Sn 



ictim iif the d. 1 
'iMuns uf iht 

ijAiK n p' I' 

wbc) e^^iuniti^ iny othe it it- ' 

teii.'! of fht mdeipread atuclt an the demo 
ctaJi< iStJt c'nMitutuin»l righf> i" foreign K n% 
\i f r ^ar's 

ill additiim lu providing legal defenw. the 
A' PFB will >tek in every way possible to 

i.iiiv public support for the defense of the 
democtsric lights of fotcign-born Americans 
Since, IS! our judgment and espeiieme. 
arrenspts to deprive Amcri<aiK» of iher demo- 
cratic rights can be defeated only bv an 
aie0 JMJd sroiised public opinion. This beoirnes 
ei^iubly mxeswry since iittempis t-i depris-e 
':iicn-K'>m Amciicani of thtii demiKcitic 
.'^?s endanger the liberties of native Ivirn as 

Deport ertien 


:.Je campaign aga 

Repeal the deportation provisioni of :; 
1 Mc-C^rtan Ij» 

- fxtctKl all ptucsible aid and assistance to 
:v non^itiiten held tor deportation because 
i>.>liticti opinions, affiliation, asscKiation, or 

..: activities. 

. Repeal .dl priivisioas in the deptirialion 
>.. providing fo! tlie Jt portatioi! of non- 
ii«!s because of p»'litica! opinion>. .iffilu- 
!;s, of association 

'- Citiarantce that .ttT>" oon-citi/en who has 

. d m the I'mlcvl Slates fo? five years or 

t need not (car drpsutation uDcicr any 

, Tsstjiife' bs t-ilablishing a fivc-vtai statute 

Right to Boil 

County Jails 

D<(».<ili^ivi!is practice o 

. IS t.t..inir m-poitation v 

»ii:ic the, ait s.jbiicivd so ail o 

and infiiiiiian c-rvhiisins whu 

iiBty iails tliiougiioui the Unite 

Oeportation Hearings 

LilJ The usif-ui ari.J 

ttedingi aciordc! non-cilucns i.icing dcporsa- 
lion by the Tusttce Department. -Non-citizens 
are enlilled to -..nbiased deportation hearings, 
ui' . ' fo remain tn the United 

sr. r.imilies and friends will 

iv . ompletc consideratittn. 


I Repeal i.he ri-strKlr.e natuiali/a!i..n pr.i- 
v.sions .>f tiie I'J^O .McCjrran Ijv.-, which bar 
thousands of non-cirizens from liecoming 
.American citizens because of their derrxxratic 

h.slK'!s. a^iivihc--, .~r iTK-.T.liership in progressive 
.oi.i labor organixa- 

. ;n the naturali?ation 
lauj tl-iai jeny cjiizeuship t.i applicants solely 
because of race, couniiy of birth, or opinions 


Defeat the attempt to create "second-class ' 
(ifirenship status for naturalizol American 
citizens by assisting in every way pcissible the 
l._'no naturaiued citizens who arc threatened 
ft-ith rtvixation of their citizenship (and then 
dep..rI,itlon) btta'J^e .f their political opioL.tls 
or activities 


igratu>n piovistpns of the 

Repeal the in 
i McCArran f- 

a!l provisions in the immigration 

■-iis. riminate against pistentiai 

oiciV because of their race, country 


!jw with special attention to ,jis 
r^. dtporiatic*n. and naturaluation 

2 Campaign for tlie defeat of .inv Icgisb- 
tion in <j.ingft-ss tliat discnmiiutes against non- 
ciiizens and namniiized American citizens and 
rhaf steks t,. create hvstena against the foreign 

"Fight Deportation" Month 

The National Conference to Defend 

the Bill of Richts designateil the month 
of M.o '- ' 'S: ., Fiyht Dejxirtation' 
Monri. s are being or- 

gan r.-> ' country during 

this '; li protest action 

-r- ttjn.m hysteria. The 
;ul?ntnate with a nation- 
w-ide delegation compostsi of the Am- 
erican citizen families of non<itizens 
threatened with depi.irtation. s^hich will 
visit ^'.■shington on March 2'' and 2.S 
to see the Ptesideni. the Attorney Gen- 
eral. Congressmen, and iMhers. All 



and individuals 



"sJituiR'nal rights 

Naturalisation Aid Service 

Ci'ntinue to po.vide .^JV^^<■ vi.iy advice and 
assistance fo non-citizens and natutaltzev! ciri- 
zens- m person and bv mail — in matters of 
■larutahzatton. depor!.i!ion. (iiizenship. im- 
n^igration. and discrimm-ition 

in Addition . . . 

The ACPFB will publish speci^il nwiraoranda. 
bulletins and pamphlets on issues confronting 
..r directly af fining the foreign born; will 
issue weekly press matcu.d to more than 200 
lorsign l-inCiLiK". 'oJ laKir newspapeis 
..: , . ' \\)\i supply speakers 

. ,.. . . ongs. will lumish 

.jj,;.^i :; : ,,:• mevs throughout thc 

counit}'; will otgamze .meetings, affairs, and 
conference* on local as well as national scale: 
will supply spiclal material to speakers, libia- 
iie-s. educators, -ailumnists ami r.i,lio piogram*. 
The ACPI-li Will Cisntmue t.. c.x.(>eratc in alt 
itforts to defend and extend tlie (kim-cratic inJ. 
constitutional rights of the Ameiican pc(.>p!e 



(..mniiiScf tor i'rvtt.tion o! F.u.ign B.i.i 
drJ-, S-ieet. New York lo. N \' 

e-! tin,i $ ,.- for: 


, ; 

- for copies of "The Deptirtation Dris-c 

vs The Bii! ot •■ 

. .. L. .. ^ . ,. I.. - 1, . 

',,:.'::ic >!'. , ((■■'.■ ■■■^ S.^'i :-■ <i"" i 


.','• 'K ,. 

85333 0—57 — pt. 2- 



Exhibit No. 28D 

I.,. v> ik 

.1 th<r ACPFh ,^ .r,jlt 1 


^ibif Sv p 


vi.lunljiy I'^ntrihu 


IV Diiiini! 


a>ming ycjir. the 

A<.PFB »iii f 

atr jn 

'n-asoJ demands tnf 


xcrnas .1 


Justice Department 


IS 111 iinpl 


the variiHis depxir 


tm pmvtsu 

ns (.'f 

the McOrran Law 


, |-<1 


citiiens have been 

■..! anJ h 

dd t. 

r dep.<rt.iii..n. whiU- 

:i !h 


d with defviinaiuin 

, ..'r,^^ 


V r">^;ce.hngv lu-.. 


kv or 


ucn h.Tn 



ictican fan 


cnl.u(jed iir((ani/j 

Teased acrivitr. 


mil ri^ix.n 


n. and .greater legal 




oi>k to yoi! and i 


i: orsan!7j 

i<..n f 

>r ilie finincial iuj 


cr urgi-ntij- 


-J i.) help catrv . ii 


■i w.irk cfrtxtivt- 

V and help preserve 


liK-rrjcs ( 

t thtr Am?ri> pcciplc- 

American CommiHee lor Protection 
of Foreign Born 

i \XVst 26th Slt«t 
ew York HI. \ ■\- 


IXflfborn St . Ri-on 

( I;: 



St*tem«nt of Incoine and Di»bur»«iT>«nt» 
January I, I9S0, to December 31, 1950 

CASH BALANCE — January I, 1950 ? .' !'>^ 

Ltss Adjustments charged to Loans ReceivahU l ^ i« 

Dcporlct SXkisc 

Annual Canfercnit am! Dic.r.;. r 

1M49 Conlerenic . 


Total OptratiRj; Income 

\C)\ Ol'lRATING INCOME .in-.! I:x.!...nrt-s 

Total Non-Operating Inro.i 
Tojal Income 



Dcponte Defense 
Annual Confercnic and Dinner 

1940 Conference Tour Expense 



SI l,.'!6S,0O 



.■■; D 




Tfkpiu.m .Ui.i li ;:.;:!, pn 


Or^taniz.iiion E\|><iim (I'.iks, PIut,! 

Naturalization Aul Sini'; 

Payroll Taxes 


Rink C harces 

Total Operating Expenses 


■iO 49 

(.s 111 

i"!ii \.>n >.)jKrjiii!i: I 'i^tmrscnicnis 

( ASH HALA\( P.. Daemher "si. 1950 In Bank 
In Petty CasI 

II. r, R:- 
f'^..l Ki 

IABII.ITIES — December ^ I i 

.Hi! In.inv Payable SIS it', ^s 


KMAI I HUM n 11"' 



Exhibit No. 29A 

Activities Organized for 
Repeal Month 

ail «. 

and l^\ 

>J>etui attlVltJt-^ 
mjiiv ■ii^aoizarion-s ate being planned f"i 
MjkIi !<)'••■> a» a part of the- naiiotiwidc i.hsen 
' ;• ..t Rtpeai «-.iir; r .M>Oiran U« Mctilli 
\ >.ns -dttadv (fr>jani;(-il iniltjde 

Canf«r«ncM and D»l»jati»w* 
>tattwiJf a'nfetrnu* are being i'!>:anticti 
duiins Manh in Cleveland. Detrmt. Chicajio. 
and V-trtie- Naliutiai group delegations ro 
\)iashin>:tc.n. D C , are txini: r!annt^! b. 
I krainians, Russians. Finns. F*oles. Hun>;arians. 
Iilhuanians. and Oeth.^U-vaks 

Nofiofiol PilgrinMig* omi Coiif«r«A<« 
.\ .\ariona! PilKntna^je and Confctcnie "t 
th. Families ..! Waltet-McOnan Law Vutims 
will be held at In>pirati<>n House. IS*"' Kalo 
rama Avenue. N «'.. Washington. D C , on 
M.ucb 24lh and :^th The Pilgntnaije »in g.nemment otfitiaN to protect the depot 
tation and denaturalization drive and will set 
< oniitessmcn to urge repeal of the VE'allet 
Mifarran U» 

NohOAat Pstilion 
A nal...nji pclitir-n u* (ht f unstress of the 
I tilted Mates, iitemi! repeal of the Walter 
.MiGtrran La* and proposing a >-pt>int pro- 
giant as the basis for a new immijjEration and 
nati;iali/ation politA'. is being nriijiaicd bv 
the .^CPFB The pttiti.ns will be delivered to 
G.n<tess OR March :^th bv the Nuional Pii- 


age of Familtes of Walter .MrOn 

Natio*Mil Tour 

A n.its-'fi.t! tour js ,i |v,iff i.f the obsei-vame 
..f Rij-.,ll VC.ilterM.Orran Ijw Month wil! 
be ..onducled bv Abn. r (iteen. executive se, 
iMarv. ACPFB The tour s<he.|ule IS Feb :! 
- Gle>ti.ind. Ft-b 2^ TVtroit, Feb :rs.-r.hi 
sago Feb 27 -'S -Minneapolis, March 1-2 
P.nland. Maith V'. -Vatile. March 8 U- 
V.n Franttstf. .March 12 Its-- Los Angelc-i 
Match r-Sair late City. March 18— Kansas 
Cue March 20-:;— Chicago. March :■ :^ . 
Washinglun. D C 

Notional Conference of Attorney! 
To Be Held in New York City 

the .iefensf i>f nnncmzens and .^atur3ll^ed 
liti/eni; will be held by the ACPFB in New 
York Citv on Fcbtuary 21 The .itiomevs will 
consider all aspects of rhe Justice Deparrments 
implementation of the Walter .McOrran Ijw 
ansi the development of legal pmce'-l.ires ti. 
defend the demtKratic rights t.f foreign born 

As We Go to Preu 

The LV &. Supienie Court, bv an 8 to 1 
decision, on February 9 held that the rwc». 
vear imprisonment of Harr? Chew on tllis 
Island bv the lustice Department is illegal 
an.l unconsritvrional Chew, married to an 
Ameiican citizen, left the U. S, as a seaman 
on an vessel. When he refutned, 
he was barred from the country "on confi- 
dential mformatton" and taken to Kllis Is 
land The ACPFB defended ••;he» in his 
two vear fiehr to reiotn his wife and .made 
tsossihle the appeals to the Federal Court of 
Appeals and the U S Supreme Court Ira 
Gollobin and Blanch Freedman sersed as 
counsel for Chew Orl S ^trrn, of New 
Yofk. "ierved on the appeals The importance 
"f the decision in the Chew rase in the 
fmht to defend the rights of the f.ireign 
bom will be discussed in the next issue of 

Published monthly by the American Committei 
rem F»oTi-CTioN of Foreign Born, 2.1 W 26 S«.. 
New York 10. NY • MU 4 .l-IV • |1 00 « yemr 


SjnTial dclivilicfi are being organizpil in all parts of the founlry durins 
the month of Marrh !').'>.? to contrihute to the (jrowinis demand for the repeal 
of the W aher-McCarran Law. i Plans alreatly in proKreiw are reported in Col- 
umn 1.) ,^ll organizulion-i and intlividuale are iir^i'd to participate in this 
repeal campaign by organizing meetings, letter campaigns to Congres«men and 
helping in every s»ay that they can in lliei«; efforts. 


In order to meet the growing need for guidance in the fight to repeal the 
W aller-MrCarran Law and protect the rights of foreign bom American!, the 
-\*!1'I'H lia.* Itiiinched a cMnijiaign for Subscribers to its literature, !^ubscribers 
will not be members of the .■VOPFB but will be entitled for $2.00 yearly to 
receive THK L.\MP which will be changeil in form and content, and other 
materials issued by the -XCil'hB. The primary function of the materials issued 
will be to arm Subscribers with all development* on the repeal front and give 
ideas and suggestions for limited activity on specific issues. 


An two Detroit residents, Nicholas Chomiak and George Chamowala, were 
stripped of their citizenship in Feileral District ('ourt, the Justice Department 
served warning it is prepared to carry out its threat to take away the citiien- 
ship of more than L.'iOU naturalized citizens on political grounds. In past 
weeks, there has been an upsurge of the initiation of denaturalization pro- 
ceeilings including those against : John Steuben, Chicago, editor of "March of 
Labor"; James J. .Vlatles. New York, organizational director of UE; Stanley 
Nowak, Detroit, former Michigan State .Senator: Isidore Begun, New York, 
acquitted Smjih .Act defendant; Victor J. Jerome and I^uis Weinstock, New 
Y'ork, convicted Smith Act defendants; ( ionstantine Railzie, New Y'ork. build- 
ing trade worker; Joe 1~ Mankin. Pittt^burgh. trade unionist anil national group 
leader. In all actions the government charges that the citizen had, prior to 
naturalization, participated in Communist activity. 


Kallierini- Hvndman, Sam Milgrom and Harry Yaris are still being held 
without bail. ^ aris has l>een on Ellis Island since October 24; Mrs. Hvndman 
has been in the County Jail at Crown Point, Indiana since October 7: and Sam 
Milgrom, seriously ill, is at Mt. Sinai Hospital, New York, under "protective 
custody," hounded and harassed by immigration agents. Sixty-four prominent 
Americans have indicated "grave concern" with the treatment accorded Sam 
Milgrom. I^gal action is pending in the cases of Mrs. Hyndman and Harry Yari*. 



Exhibit No. 29B 



The first lest of ihc comslitutionality of the Waller-McCarran Law deporta- 
tion provisions was heard bv the U. S. Supreme Court on Februar>- 4 in the 
.-as.- of % illiom Heikkila. f innish-Ameriran of San Franciftoo. Attoriit->« Joseph 
Forer, of Washington, D. C, and Lloyd McMurray, of San Francisco, repre- 
sented Heikkila in the argument. Heikkila, who was brouj^ht to the U. S. 
when he was two months old 47 years ago -was ordered deported on the 
ground that he was a memh.'r of the Communist Party during the 1<)30V 
Attorneys for Heikkila challenped the constitutionality of the deportation 
provisions on the ground that they were a bill of attainder and in violation of 
tlie First .Amendment to the Constitution, as well as on other grounds. The de- 
cision in ihc Heikkila case will affect tliousands of non-cilizens who have simi- 
larly lived here most of their lives and now face life-time separation from their 
families and friends. 

Deportation for Affiliation 

An appeal to the Federal District (>>urt in Boston on January \'> prcventeil 
the inmieiliate deportation to Italy of (iiacomo yuattrime, b.H-year-old father 
of eight grown children. Quatfrone, who has lived in the U. S. for 46 years, 
was ordered deported on the ground that he made financial contributions to 
the Communist Party and attended public meetings held by the organization. 
The Justice Department contends thai, even though Quattrone was never a 
member of the Communist Party, he was affiliated with the Communist Party 
and 19 therefore subject to deportation. It is expected that the Quattrone 
case may have to be fought to the U. S. Supreme Court. 

Other Developments 

The Board of Immigration Appeals, the highest administrative body in the 
Justice Department, sustained deportation on political grounds of I..eon Callow, 
of IViles, Ohio, steelworker, father of nine Anicrican-bom children; Anna 
Taffler, of Brooklvn. N. Y., mother of two sons, one of whom is a veteran of 
World "War II; and of Peter Warhol, of Minneapolis, lumberworker, father 
of four children, and a veteran of World War II with two years' war-time 
•ervice. . . . Non-citizens arrested in deportation proceedings during the past 
month include Jam.s Makis, of New York, member of the executive board of 
Local 70, Greek Fur Workers Union; George Witkovich, native of Yugoslavia, 
a in« niber of tlic staff of a Slovene newspaper in Chicago, arrested in Pitts- 
burgh while on a visit to his family over the Christnlas holiday; Mrs. Celia 
Greenberg Fox, in l»s .Angeles, mother of two daughters, a leader of the Fnuna 
Lazarus Federation in Southern (California. 


Fulalia Figueiredo, for .^2 years a resident of the U. S., is being held on 
Ellis Island, although ill, facing deportation to Portugal, where recent reports 
indicate the mildest opposers to the Salazar regime are imprisoned in concen- 
tration camps. Frank Borich and Katherine Hyndman both are threatened with 
deportation to Yugoslavia, from which reports leave no doubt as to their fate 
in Tito's prisons. Manuel Diaz, an active fighter against fascism, is being held 
on Fllis Island, facing deportation to Franco Spain, where punishment awaiu 
him for having deserted from Franco and joined the Lovalists during the Civil 
War in Spain. I>eon Callow, of Niles, Ohio, father of nine American bom 
chililren, has had his deportation upheld by the Board of Immigration .Appeals 
and the inirnigralion authorities are rushing his deportation to Greece, where 
he is certain to face physical persecution and possible death. Legal proceedings 
challenging tlieir deportation are pending in the Figueiredo and Diaz cases. 


Plans to present an Annual ('arol King .Award were announced by the 
Af'PFB on Januarv 22, the first anniversary of the death of the prominent 
woman attnmev who devoted her life to the fight for the con.«titutiona' rights of 
foreign-bom Americans. The Award will be presented during Dec^ember to that 

fierson who contributed most in the course of the year to the defense of the 
iberties of non-citizens and naturalized eitiien*. 




i6-pa^c pinipJ!!'.-[ conuin 


i; I 



fniro statctr 

cn!s on the 





n Law madt 

at public htri 

'in.«s h\ 



Itnt s 

sion on In'.m 





raiizarion during Octobe 




publ5she.J bv 

!!w ACPFB 





lew pirnphlet can be obtained 



!n^ ' 

^r, in sa.mpN 

"' "'•'"■ '" 


ACPfP 1 

Organliational Activities 

Tht MiJ»c.-st Committee li>r F'roteciion ol 
iireign B"rn held a public meeting on the 
faSic; .MtCuran Uu <m Um:.iVf iO m Chi 

>(;.> ',■ . !' . n.-len R. Wri«ht. 

ev \i '. Ui'ku^-n. affci 

^p<miorin,g a 



n and 

The Sorthfti, CMjorn-j Cimmmrt for 
Prritection nf Foreign Bon. in San F'jnthca. 
rcK^nuhlr Ur' iht dilen'e oj Villum Heii 
i:U. i< inutif J montUi huUtun and tt.mUi 
ing J tpeiid for reped nj tht XC'ahtr- 
fAcCarran Uu: 

The Ohio Cnmmitti-e tor PiulKti,)n of For- 
eign Born ha^ scheduled a state-wide Q^nfer 
ence to be held in Cleveland on NUrch |v 
Tlir OCPFB has initiated a protevt campaign 
against the threatens! deportation of I.eon 
Callou to Greece 

The Lot Angtrlf Committee *e^r Pr<jtec;ton 
oi Foreinn Born held a highly ^utcei-^ui 
Southern Cthhrnu Conference on Feh'uary i 
Part-ctpjnii included Daniel Marthult, prem- 
menl attorney and Cjlholic layman: Run Six- 
on. of the fE. Cle.'phu, Broun, of the Loi 
Anfelei Senro Labor Council Gilhen Cana 
hi. of ILV'V. Loiat 26 

The Washington State Committee for Pro 
tectinn of Foreign Born is planning a state- 
wide conference in Seattle on h ' The 
WSCPFB IS defending Krnesto Mangaoang, veteran and Filipino-.Arnerican trade union 
leader threatened with dep<ination. whose ap 
peal IS pending before the Federal Court of 
Appeals in San Francisco. 

The current iilue of "March of Lahor' car- 
ries a ipecial 12 -paf;e supplement. "The Story 
ot the \^Year Plot." exposin): the attempt 
/') frame Harry Btjdgei and deport htm from 
the V S hecauie of hn fifhl for better uoriing 
conditions and hii^her UJlfet for l.>n,?lhoremen 
and u-arehowemen. 

A Conference for Repeal of the Waller.\fc 
Carran Aa held in Philadelphia on February 
a was attended by representatives isf more than 
50 or/;ani7atinos and voted to set up a Con- 
tinuations Committee to work for the repeal 
of the ^X-alter-McOrran Law and defend vie 
tims of the law Participants included Dr 
^S^ll!lam H Pearlman. Filindo Masino, Harriet 
Barron, and Harry Levitan 

The Finntih-American Freedom Committee 
has istued an »-pafe folder in the Finnfh lan- 
guage explaining the prormont of the Waller- 
McCarran Ijtw and urging ill repeal 

The Committee for the Freedom of Sam 
Milgrom 1$ conducting a nationwide pn5te«t 
campaign against the ju.stice Department's de- 
nial of bail to Sam Milgrom despite his hospi. 
tahzatinn Milgrom, eieaitive secretatv oi the 
Interrutional XSTorkers Order, was held without 
bail on Ellis Island though seriou.s!y ill at the 
time When fiaally transferred to Mt Smai 
Hospiul. m New York Oty, he is jlill <fcnicd 
bail and is subjected to constant harassment 
b>- immigration officers. 


Exhibit No. 29C 



The overwhelming majorily of the American people have expressed their op{>osition to the racist, 
repressive, <liit<'rimiiialc)ry and police-dtate provisions of the VS alter-Mc<;arran Ijiw of 1952. The American 
( onimittee for Protection of Foreign Bom, as a part of ihe American people, «upport« and aids in every 
way possible the fiphl to repeal the \^ alter-McCarran l-aw. However, until this law is repealed, hundreds of 
Americans and their families will be victimized and terrorized by its provisions. The American Coniniiltee 
is the only afienry that fights for repeal of Ihe law and a( the same time defends those who are threatened 
with dporlalion or revocation of their American citixenship a.<t a result of the police-slate provision* of the 
Waller-McCJirran I^w. 


During 19^\ the American Committf* for 
Prt'tetiion of Foreign Born will carry forward 
the many phases of work to which it hat de 
vorf ^ its<if since 1932, Special attention will 
be dr^oteii to the [Xiints outline-! below, ba^e-i 
on the program adopted by the National Con 
fercnce to Defend the Rights of Foreign Born 
Americans, held in Detroit, Michigan, on De 
oember B and 14. 10",2 


1- Any non-citiien who ins lifed in the 
I'mted States for two years or more, if entry 
was in accordance with law, should be per 
mittcd to become an American citizen by ap 
pearing in Open Court and taking an oath of 
allegiance to the Constitution of the l.'nited 

2 Any non citizei 
I'nited States for (r 
not he thre.irened i 
reason whatsoever 

who has lived in 
r yeart, or more, sho 
ith dep(->nafion for 

* A naturalizeti citizen should not he threat- 
ene<l with cancellation r>f citizenship for anv 
reasr>n wh.itsoever, unless it was obtained by 
clear fraud; and, then, only if denaturalization 
prixeetJings are stalled within five years of 
the granting <^f naturalization. 

4 Immigration should be peimitte.i w.thour 
disi rimination as to country of birth, race, col- 
or, creetl or political belief, with full utili.>j. 
tioo of quotas established on the basis of the 
country's WKral, economic and cultural require- 

^ At no time should a non-nti/rn he dr 
nied the protection of any provision of the FSill 
of Rights, especially seaions dealing with the 
right to bail and freedom of belief, speech, and 

6 The Immigration arid Naturalization Serv 
ice should be transferred out of the justice 
Department and be established as an independ- 
ent agency of the govemment- 


Extend full legal and other aisistance to any 
non citizen or naturalized citizen who becomes 

a victim oi the depiirtation or denaturalization 
provisions of the Waller MiOrran Ijiw, or 
who encounters any other difhrultie^ as a re 
suit of the widespread attack on the .Icmocratic 
and constitutional rights of forei^4>om Aoier- 
icans As an essential pan .it defense, the 
ACPFB will seel to rally public suppon smie, 
in our view, attempts to deprive Americans 
of their detn.Kratic rights CAn be defeated only 
by an alert and arnused public opinion 



nationwide campaign against ttie 
justiie Departments deportation drive, which 
threatens more than ^,iO<} non citizens with 
banishment and life-time separation fnim their 
Ame.-ican f.imilies and frien<ls At the same 
time, extend all possible aid and assistance to 
every non-citizen held for .jeportalion because 
of p«>Iitical opinions, affiliation. assrKiatiiwi, or 
labor activities 


Right to Bail 


attempt to 
unoermme llie American right to bail by fight 
i(i« eacfi attempt to deny bail to a n>n-citizen 
arrested in deportation prucce-.Iings. 

Deportation Hearings 

Fn.) the unfair and biase i sia, chamber pro 
feedings accordeci non citizens fating dep.:!ita 
tion by the Justice Department 


Defeat tf)e attempt to create "second-claji" 
citizenship status fiv natui-tiizcd ArririKan 
citizens by defending in every way pmsiMe 
the \.2CiO ruiun!i2esl otiieas who are ihrcst- 
ened with revcKation of their cirizenship (and 
ttien deportation) bes-ause of their political 
opinions or activities 


.■support all efforts to repeal the Waltet- 
McCarian Law. 

Ciampaign for the enactment of anv iegis 
lation in Congress that facilitatrs the natursii. 
zatK^n of non-cittzetu and for the defeat of 
legislation that seeks to create hysteria against 
foreign horti Amencans. 

Naturoliiotion Aid Service 

Gsntinue to prcivide day-to-day advrce sad 
assrsunce to non citizens J,nd natuiaii.'r! titt 
tens in person and by mail— in nutters of 
naturaiization, deportation, citizenship, immi- 
gration, and disi iiminaton Defeat Ihe lustice 
Dep.irtmeni« efforts to pieveot the natutilia- 
tjon of Don-ciluens because of ihetr association 
with pn.gtessive social and fraternal organiia- 


Develop special programs for the defense 
"f the lights of MeiKjn Aii.eiitaiu and West Aineruaiss Fncnurage the organi/atioo 
of (.lefense committees in ail cntomum.'ics and 

2.3 WVst 26th Street, New York 10, N. Y. 

□ Please keep me informed of efforts to repeal the Walter- 
MrCarran Law. 

□ I would like to subscribe for the literature and other material 
issued by the Committee. Please send me additional information. 

Enclosed find $ as a special contribution to help make 

possible your work during; 1953. 



City, Zone, State 



Exhibit No. 29D 

TJi« ACI'fB i> rurrenllT drfrnd- 
in( marc Uun 25 nalumlitrH Amrr- 
iriin cilirrnn ihmlrniNj with rr>.i. 

Ihaa 275 nim^rili^rnn ihrmlmi-d 
»ilh d<-|H»nalK>ii and life-lime .i-j.a- 
rulxm fr.>m Ihrir Amrriran riliun 
fumilir.. In addition ihr ACI'KH t.- 
• upn I'duralitHial malrrial. Iilfra- 
lurr, |iro>idr> »prrial malrrial 
ih.- pr.-.., and riirri.-« on a mulli- 
ludc of arli>ili<-« In ■nff>rm thr 
Amrriran prttplt- roiirrrninK ihf rr. 
latiomfaip of Ibr rurrrnl allark on 
liir ri(hla of ihr forrinn l»>ni li. 
ihr prrxT^alion of ihr Hill of 
Rikhla and ihr lilx-rlii-. of nil 

Thr »ork of thr U I'KH i. mad. 
IMMotihIr br public >olontar« ron- 
iribulionn. Kunda are nrrdrd or- 
fcniK In hrip drvplop ihr nation' 
widr ft^hl fur the rrp«*al of ibr 
^ altrr-Mrfjirran lji*» and lo p*<H 
vidr adrquatr aHAi«laiire and df- 
frnM- for ihe virliniR of thifi uti- 
Amrriran law, A. ihr allark <m thr 
richu of thr forriKD Uim i» intrn- 
•ifird. Ihr nrrd for fmanrial .upport 

von ftir *our rtmprralion and a^ 
Ai«tanrr. I »r thr f»|lrrial ronpor 
pn»vidrd with this Rr|»ort lo srntj 
>oHr finanrial ronlribulion loda< 
lo hrIp drtral ihr allark un >hr 
rithln of non-ritiM-na and naturaf 
l#.rd ritizrni* and alrrnfftbrn tberrbi 
Ihr Ubrrtirs of all A 

Amsricon CommiHee for Protection 

of Born 

13 WMt l*th Sttaw 

Nnv rorli 10. N. r. SIOJ Euclid Avanua. «oom 


Dal'oK no C».r ..ol. I.,ild!i-g 

Chit. go «)l S D.irbor. Str..l Hm 

-. !3S 

M.nn.apoKi i!0 E«> H.nntpin Artnu 

S..HI. 11* 1., lu.idln. 

Portland 0»»!i BuMdiiq. toofYi 3:3 

Kim Jil 

Loi *».J.!.. );» Wtil IrJ Sl'..l »o 

on. IIJ 

Mo«Or«ry C*i*.'m»n »« R*. Arthur W 


Co-Ch«:rm*i« &«org« R Myrphj, Jr 

Prol, Louiia P«tt!bon« Sm.l 

liactrtira S«tr«t#rf Abn«r Gf«an 

Adffilnlitfaflv* Sacra). ry H.rfia* B.r'd" 

Amu*.^* $«cr«t.ry *i«r jon«i 

N.tur.'li.tion Aid D"»rtor Dorothy St'» 


Truwrar Charlai M»>ll 


Statement of li>come ond Disbunements 
January 1, 1952. to December .11, 1952 

CASH BALANCE, January 1, 1952 

Coiilnhiition.. Iii.lni.liial'. 


I).p„rl.-.- Drfcrw 

(!oiifiT4-iicp>. MiiiincH. .intl .'\ff.iin> 

$ iKo-.,!.:!. 

7,081. W 


Tolal Operalinp Income 



$ 18.71. -..IX) 

Deportee DcfoiiM- 


Ciinfrrcncei., Mrrtinpr' ami .\ff.iir« 



■..or.. 1,1 



Stationery- and Sii[iplii-» 


Teleplionf and 'I'tli-iirams 



. 750.(1(1 

Organizational Kxpcnw 


.Naturalization Aid .'vrvicr 


Payroll Taxos 


Literature . 


.\ot'oimting ~' r» 1. . 

Bank Charges 


$ 1,661 76 

, 47.2.'i3.60 

Total Ojieratinp DislmrjumonU 


Loans Repaid and Exchangee 
Favroll Taxes, differences . . . 

2.tO(,, i2 

Dr A.toa J Carlujn 

K«* Kannath R ^rbas 

Kabb< Robarl Goldburg 

tnl Albart I. Guarard 

Dr Atica HamilfoA 

Urn* Prof. Plai^inQ Jamat, Sr. 

Hoa tabar* W. kanay 

Dr Paul H Lariatai 

Hon Ibbart Mom Loyati 

lav Sidnay Lovatt 

Prof Curtii MacOougail 

Prol Kirllay F Ma'har 

Dr Alaiandar Uaililaioka 

llihop Waltar Mitchall 

Pr«l Philip Morrlioa 

fro) Coaitaa*!«%a Panutula 

•iihop Ed>ard L ParUM 

rrol Vda D Scaddar 

tnihjaUur Stalantton 

Fyad W 5to.a' 

Total Non-Operating Diehuraemenl- 2,i2'*.44 

TOTALDI-Bl RSFMF.NI- S47.084.46 

CASH BALANCE. December .31. iy,-.2 $ 1.810.W 

OUTSTANDING UABtUTlES, December 31, 19S2 

Loans and Kxchangei. $ 2.4')8,'»0 

Taxes Payable h7^.61 

Accounts Payable 6,300.00 

t 9.474.51 


Exhibit No. 30 




Exhibit No. 31 

Exhibit No. 32 A 


ML mil (. Mkit 

loio'iri Ckiiriu 

ciaiti ii«i:iuu 

Ctiitui il tti Utii 

[iitatiii Di^Klli- 

Ucutiil SicrtUr) 

uvou loSEinruii 


uoiit! f. ma 
wiy HcKos B[nin 
IIEV WRUS t. ni 

$uiii[<r iio«u 
Mil loeisoii 
mem siiEUii 

Vici Cliirin 


205 E»Sr 4210 JT., NEW TOII 17, I. T. • HDIUT llll 4 SI4I 


;iay 7 th 
13 43 

Coar fonpressirvRn: 

V.fl aro enoloslnp herewith our apalysis of 

the I'-mrtt 3ill (H. R. 5352)for your attor.tion. 

You will also find er.elor.od a copy of an 
'Z\'. W 'JiTlTJA TO CO;kR;,'CS sirned by mors than 100 pro.-ninor.t 
citizens expressing their views on this bill. 

&,-airst but ■ 
floor of the 

' ron^ly to not orly vote 
. 6352 when it reaches the 

Tho dofpat of bill is irperative for 
tho preservation of our cc ruarantees ar.d o\u: 
democratic heritufjos. 

Very sinieroly. 

GSXGS .Ai;:;;:..:-". ' 

Cbairmar. of t)e 


Tncs . 
UoOT:a 16-47 


Exhibit No. 32B 

The House Corj-.ittee on '-'r.-Ajncricar. A-'i-i'ios has proposed legislation 
to "control subversive activitios". 

-v-c- '. -; ' 1 i. „ r^n,-^^ '^ i ,. ,,., . -o^.,-t-itMtional atte-snt to silence 

.-onote social welfPsre, econoir.ic 

'..e call on you to speak ani -.o vote a.-ainst this bill because it v.-ould 
irr.pose a system, of thought control p.r, opiressive as the *'azi s^.'sten 
in uerr.a.ny. Providing for "ref;istrt ticn' of certain croups and barring 
rr.Qnbers of these orfranizations fro.-i Jcvera-nent oiiient and fro:n 
cbtaininc passports. It would rob A-o-irrin citizens of the right of 
free assembly and association £uari. our Constitution, j.t the 

E(i. o *-;r,R, it '.-o-.'.i rr»'V'^:*-. , by in" :n, the exercise of free 

i'.cr.bprs of u; , y thir; r- , '-6 preven*-- r ' r 

tJ.eir nost e:: ■." to inrr '\Tid wcrki;. -:';".3» 
^>trikos would bocor.e p misiiable "conspiracies". 

Giving the Attorney General power to designate "coTxiunist front" 

orr.anizations, tr/is rroposal of the 'J.n-/„~orican Co.T.ritto9 rlacos in 

tjie l-.ands of Lnistration the pcver to destrc; , ' all, 

pjli'ic'il o: . This ic a final stcr *-o a pol , •■'. 

■-• • •■ . - prac'-ice foscisn* 

r^l^ctions v;ili boco-io idio r.estur- iegisla" nssed. All 

of us would be deprive J on the ele -irht to -■, .. ; or and 
vote for ca.ndidates of O'ur ovn choosinf:. 



Exhibit No. 32C 

Therefore, we call upon you, I!r» Congressman, to defeat this bill and 
any similar ones presented by this Committee. 

Respectfully yours. 

Dr. Harry F. "ard. 
Honorary Chainnan and 

George IJarshall, Chair:nan 
of the Board 
Joined by: 

liPJiia-J^^J^-, liathaa AMsubg^ £%QEi_JSAke?£^ rjara Blit tstala. Rev, Edrard J. 
Bonsall^ Jr^ , JF^f^ Lv:na n R. Bradley? <IpS9iiL Brainljj,,,^i^af»_DoroUi^^a^^ 
Vraf^ Edwin Borry Rur^l^ Pbt-- Ar^htff B. Ca^fXaSfl* iisxiDraiOe Suge ofl P> Connolly. 
&ay. El^rt L^ C^aOYflr, siikbr&.^affl^Cro nbaoK» 0, II, Daut;hert y.J)ean Joiuj^J'arren 
Dajt, Clin Downes,>^Arna ud d'Usjea 'I^ f^ cf « Henry Pratt Eftirohiljl^ HwYRj -ri i^aV, 
Dt«-Ciaxi F^remarr, ^of.^. Franklin Frazier, Wirlimi J . GornS^ /.' . _ :, 
j^lIIiBiE jlrofiger. Dg'T" Alice H"amiltohi Frederick: ^aaii^ohi '-Lnna iTarke ^yyj 
iiyilliain Harris on.- i)p,aaid Herdersp^ CRev« _ yha s . A. HilXt ^has. H. I 'oustont 

lAlf red Jewet t^ C. £. Jphos on^VJ^ ftl. <I^3 e»jA^^i!^i ^f^- l-^. Kaj i^^^ t YaJcis T^ g her 
Ldn ey Kaar irAn,'^ ^f^^^^T ^^ "'^® ^ ,"^Joc kw9iJ_.J^Q4t^ ^ohn 
Ioward"'T!SfS5a»' '»'' i 1 11 am Draper LeW' tV, jlalran Man ner, ,Dr» a^ H. i A-T ^yprin^j 

- 5e_T.>— flL^hn H ov/ard ^^aJ^jiEi^^ a.'n ua 1_D « -^ntn, '".illiajr. 

MioTi gTyg ft; Arthur tll Hejrj ^jtOge Sta nley s;orfat t^> 1-qyer -arodnock, 'Hnx Ferlow", 

\Dr. unaTrTi. l^tlorifTJjr, t. Pierce, ^i^ Eel nhardTti ^tibby Holnan l?eyTiOlda. 

vISOTSlEB3b», ^EaxX fie^iasoir; fiaxoll-J* JSJoaa, 15jJ.^er_Ro3enbTim, JtanetCeTi 
Rubins tii^g, R?^ Iraaaii liaftio SuTaljJt? ftgv. T auY ir.'~ 5cli7ggttBr , Jii^r£6 
Seibel-> Josy phTr'Sel'i'y: Kaurice Su^er, ^oo tt't," tyler, JJsJto ?• Thonpscn, 

s£lo Schoexibau»,^^pr. Lailo^^"innBt^, John Slo&a, Judge "Edward P. Totte'fTj^ 
John J. Stanlay"i Theodore "Ward, platan $. T.arne, Gene V.eltfish, 
Sol Wilson, Leon "'fofsy and Dr. Joseph V.crtis. 

# # *^ # # # # 

Issued by the Civil Rights Congress 
205 Z, 42nd Street 
New York 17, H. Y. 

uopwa 16»47 



Exhibit No. 33 



Exhibit No. 34 

AdT'mistrfltive SecretB^i 




emffiicflo coinmiTTEf for 

PBOIfCIlOO Of fOBflGfl borh 

23 WEST 26th STREET . NEW YORK 10, N. Y. 

• MUrroy Hill 4-3457 





Exhibit No. 35A 



the mtorj of 

Charles A. Do;^le 

The workers hit the bricks. The strike was on! 
Thousands of workers struck to win better working 
conditions at the huge Mellon controlled Carborun- 
dum plant in Niagara Falls, N. Y., in 1948. 

All workers know that, during a strike, you need 
every union organizer you've got. You need every 
union officer and you need them bad. 

The bosses know this too — and so does the Justice 

If there was any doubt in the great Niagara 
frontier that such is the case, that doubt has been 
cleared up. The case of Charles A. Doyle proves it. 

And now, with the Walter-McCarran law in 
effect what happened to Charles Doyle could happen to any good union man of for- 
eign birth. The Walter-McCarran law makes "legal" what the bosses with the help of 
the Justice Department tried to do to Doyle illegally. 

But, turn the page and read the story. The story of a frame-up against a foreign- 
born union leader. 



Exhibit No. 35B 


it coMBtd htBppen ia tBny trade unionist 

Charles A. Doyle was International Vice- 
President of the United Gas, Coke and Chem- 
ical Workers Union, C.I.O., in January 1948 
when over five thousand workers at the Car- 
borundum plant went out on strike. 

Prior to the strike Doyle was heading the 
negotiating committee of the union in bar- 
gaining with the Carborundum management 
who were adamant in their refusal to grant 
any concessions to the workers. 

The strike was approved at a meeting of 
the International Union's Executive Board on 
January 9th at Windsor, Ontario, just across 
the Canadian border. 

Used to company tricks, Doyle knew the 
employers might try to get him if he crossed 
the border, try to keep him away to avoid 
a strike and if there was one, to be better able 
to break it, and impose company will upon 
the workers. 

Doyle crossed the border to his union 
meeting in possession of a Border Crossing 
Card issued to him by the United States Im- 
migration Service which promised reentry 
on his return from the union meeting. 

But the Immigration Service pulled the 
same trick on Doyle in 1948 that the Attorney 
General pulled on Charlie Chaplin in 1952. 
As- soon as Doyle crossed the border into 
Canada, an alert was sent out to all border 
stations to prevent him from returning to 
the United States. 

When Doyle sought to return on January 
12, 1948, the eve of the scheduled strike, he 
was informed by the Immigration officials 

that he was not eligible for reentry to the 
United States. He found that the "pass card" 
he carried was worthless. 

What was the deal behind the scenes.' 

Charles Doyle was born in Scotland, Irish 
by descent. Today he is 48 years old and 
has lived in the United States for ovex 30 

Like millions of others, he came to the 
United States in his youth, sweated for low 
wages in the mines and mills and factories. 
It was tough to make ends meet and so he 
joined the union. He found out that it was 
only through unions that the workers could 
get a better wage, safety devices and a little 
bit of job security. 

He turned to organizing unions and was a 
leader in the big organizing drives in steel 
and auto, drives that developed Niagara 
Falls, N. Y. from a company union town 
into the biggest District of the C.I.O. Chem- 
ical Workers Union. 

That was enough to turn the bosses against 
him. But when he became key man in nego- 
tiating workers' contracts with the employ- 
ers they really went after him. 

That is why on January 12, 1948, Charles 
Doyle couldn't get back into the United 
States despite the fact that he had a re-entry 
permit in his pocket — issued by the United 
States Government. 

For six weeks, Doyle was refused a hear- 
ing regarding his re-entry and finally, con- 
cerned about his family and his duties, he 
re-crossed the bridge "without permission." 



Exhibit No. 35C 

Needless to say the strike had been broken. 

That was round one. The bosses and Jus- 
tice Department had won. But they were 
still out to get Charles Doyle. A maze of 
legal red tape, in and out of jails, on and 
off Ellis Island, harassment and persecution 
was to be Charles Doyle's companion right 
up to the present date. 

In fact, it was only after Doyle, along 
with four other men illegally held on Ellis 
Island, staged a hunger strike that the Jus- 
tice Department released him back in March, 

Doyle was a symbol. He was to be a warn- 
ing to all trade union men and women who 

happened to be foreign born, that, if they 
organized, fought for better conditions, this 
would be their fate. 

The Justice Department initiated deporta- 
tion proceedings against him and is now try- 
ing to send him back to Scotland. 

The charge — a typical Walter-McCarran 
Law charge — is that he was, at one time a 
member of the Communist Party. Despite 
the fact he no longer maintains his post in 
the Union and has left the industry, he's 
still to be persecuted — a lesson to all! 

The charge is the whitewash. Charles 
Doyle faces deportation because he was a 
union man — and a good one! 

The JVatier'^3McCamBn M^atv PiBM^es the JVay 

When the Walter-McCarran Law went 
into effect last December, the bosses were 
gleeful. They figured that now they could 
intimidate the foreign born workers. If they 
fought back the boss could call on the Justice 
Department to help do the same thing to 
their "troublesome" workers as happened 
to Charles Doyle. 

Sure, the provisions of the Walter-McCar- 
ran Law are so broad and sweeping that any 
worker the boss doesn't like can wind up in 
some proceeding or another if he or she is 
foreign born. 

But, it doesn't have to be. The Justice 
Department has tried for years to throw 
Charles Doyle out of the country and hasn't 
succeeded as yet. 

But it is to the degree that you join in 
fighting for his right to remain here with 
his family and fellow workers that any 
foreign born American worker can assure 

that he won't be next. 

Boris Shishkin in speaking on behalf of 
the AFL against the Walter-McCarran Law 
declared: ". . . in many respects it falls 
shamefully short of the essential require- 
ments of sound public policy." 

The late Philip Murray setting forth the 
CIO's position declared in part, ". . . re- 
verse this trend of the past two years and 
establish a new policy on immigration and 
naturalization which will be consistent with 
twentieth century conditions and ideals." 

Repeal of the Walter-McCarran Law is no 
idle slogan. Trade union leaders the country 
over have spoken out against it and hundreds 
of union bodies have passed resolution con- 
demning it. 

Your support today can help repeal it 
tomorrow. Fight for Charles Doyle to remain 
here where he belongs. Demand repeal of 
the Walter-McCarran Law. 



Exhibit No. 35D 




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85333 O — 57— pt. 2- 



Exhibit No. 36A 

Exhibit No. 36B 



In its report on the McCarran-Walter law on January 1, 1953, the Pres- 
ident's Commission on Immigration and Naturalization concluded thus: 

'"The immigration and nationality law embodies policies and principles 
that are unwise and injurious to the nation. It rests upon an attitude of 
hostility and distrust against all aliens. It applies discriminations against 
human beings on account of national origin, race, creed and color. It 
ignores the meeds of the United States in domestic affairs and foreign 
policies. It contains unnecessary and unreasonable restrictions and pen- 
alties against individuals. It is badly drafted, confusing and in some 
respects unworkable. It should be reconsidered and revised from be- 
ginning to end." 

Former Phresident 
Harry S. Truman 
vetoed the Mc- 
Carran - Walter 
bill on June 25, 
1952, in a sharp- 
ly worded mes- 
sage to the House 
of Representat- 
ives. Here are 
a few pertinent excerpts from the 
message, which was disregarded by 
Democrats and Republicans who en- 
acted the bill over Truman's veto: 

Racist Provisions 

"The bill would continue,- pract- 
ically without change, the national 
origins quota system, which was en- 
acted into law in 1924, and put into 
effect in 1929. .The greatest vice 
of the present quota system, how- 
ever, is that it discriminates, de- 
liberately and intentionally, against 
many of the peoples of the world. 
The purpose behind it was to cut 
down and virtually eliminate im- 
migration to this country from south- 
em and easptem Europe. . . 

"People from such countries as 
Greece, Spain, or Latvia were vir- 
tuaUy deprived of any opportunity 

to come here at all, simply because 
Greeks or Spaniards or Latvians 
h;id not come here before 1920 in 
any substantial numbers. 

"The idea behind this discrimi- 
natory policy was, to put it baldly, 
that Americans with English or Irish 
names were better people and better 
citizens than Americans with Ital- 
ian or Greek or Polish names. It 
wa.s thought that people of west 
European origins made better citi- 
zens than Rumanians or Yugoslavs 
or Ukrainians or Baits or Austrians. 

"Such a concept is utterly un- 
worthy of our traditions and our 
ideals. It violates the great political 
doctrine of the Declaration of In- 
dependence that 'all men are creat- 
ed equal.' It denies the humanitarian 
creed inscribed beneath the Statue 
of Liberty proclaiming to all nations: 

'Giva me your tired, your poor. 

Your huddled masses yearning 
to breathe free.' 

"It repudiates our basic religious 
concepts, our belief in the brother- 
hood of man, and in the words of 
Saint Paul that 'there is neither 
Jew nor Greek, there is neither 
bond nor free. . .for ye are all one 
in Christ Jesus.' 

". . .The only consequential change 

in the 1924 quota system which the 
bill would make is to extend a 
small quota to each of the countries 
of Asia. But most of the beneficial 
e.ffects of this gesture are offset 
by other provisions of the bill. 

'The countries of Asia are told 
in one breath that they shall have 
quotas for their nationals, and in 
the next, that the nationals of other 
countries, if their ancestry is as 
much as 50 percent Asian, shall be 
charged to those quotas. . . 

Threat to Liberty 

"I am asked to approve the en- 
actment of highly objectionable pro- 
visions now contained in the Internal 
Security Act of 1950 (also authored 
by Senator McCarran — Ed.) . . .Some 
of these provisions would empower 
the Attorney General to deport any 
alien who has engaged or has had 
a purpose to engage in activities 
'prejudicial to the public interest' 
or 'subversive to the national sec- 

"No standards or definitions are 
provided to guide discretion in the 
exercise of powers so sweeping. To 
punish undefined 'activities' departs 
from traditional American insistence 





Exhibit No. 36C 

on csl.-ihlishod st.'iiiflards of iiu\U. 
'To punish uiifli'lin.'d '|)iiriiuM>' is 
thdiishl (lint rill. 

■ Till sc pr(i\ isiiins -.ivv uorsc than 
the inlarni.u> Alien act (■! ITilK, 
p.-iSM'.l III ;i liiiir ..1 n;ili.)Tial fear 
and (li:-trii-l ol forci-ncis ^hii-li 
gav<' tho rrc'sidcnl |i..u,m m drpori 
any alien doenicd daiiui imu- ;o iIk 
poatv and safi-ly ol ilu- ruitcd 

St.llr. Allrll liMd.Ill^ l^tTf thiir 

oimlil,'. iriLihiriicii nlizrns imich 
dislui-l.fd hy tlia' 'liical lo libcrly 

•SiH-h poufis ail' iiironsisU'ill 
ui;h our flcMiional k idrai^. Ton- 
lernnu pown-- like that upon the 
Attonu\\ Ucnrial is unfair to hiru 
as well as lo our alion residenls. 
Onct' (ully informeil ni such vast 
(lisrrotionary pouors \os:cd in the 
Attorney (ieiU'ial, Americans now 
woulil be lust as alarmed as Ameii 
cans ucre m 1798 over less dl•a^lle 
powers vested in the I'lesident. 

■'Heretofore, for the most part, 
deportation and cxcliisiun haie i r^t 
ed upon fiiuliiius of faels iiiadc upon 
cvidenee. rmlor ih,- bill ih.y »ould 
rest 111 many in-laiice> upon the 
'opinion' or '~.i! islaciion' of im- 
migration or consular employes The 
change from objective lin(lim;s lo 
swbieetive feelinL'^ in iml eoniiial 
ibie vMtli oiii- ^y^leni ot juslice. . ■' 

Advice to Foreigitborn 

If any person purporting to be an 
agent of the U.S. Immigration & 
Naturalization Service, FBI or other 
government agency starts asking 
you questions about yourself or 
others, you have a right to refuse 
to talk or let him into your home. 

If you get a letter or form from 
such agencies, consult a lawyer. 

If you are a naturalized citizen, 
the U.S. Immigration & Natural- 
ization Service has no authority over 
you. If you are not a citizen and 
are arrested, you have a right to 
phone or see your lawyer at once. 

If you need help, consult your un- 
ion or organizations such as the Am- 
erican Committee for Protection of 
the Foreign Born, which provides 
legal defense, or the American Civil 
Liberties Union or Legal Aid Soc- 
iety, which sometimes handle de- 
portation cases. 

AUGUST, 1953 

Liberal Editor 

ronlroiitiiiu Senator McCaria.. , Cidric 
Belfrage, fintish liorn editor ol the 
liberal National (luardian, relused to 
.11(1 liim 111 his attack on freedom of the 
liress in the rniled States, MeCirths's 
aim. accordin.y to is "to crush 
labor and have a supine nation in the 
fascist yoke." K\actiy one day alter he 
refused to aid .MrCarlliy Helfraue ■ w ho h 
l.'i .^ear.- ua- arre-ied and ru-hed to Kills Island for d< 
at ion. National protests al tlie .spreading attack on press 
dom secured Belfrage's release on bail. 

been in th. 


CIO Organizer 

Joe Weber was a pioneer (, I(> organiz 
er in the biy drives of the 30s in the 
(^'hicai;o area. He became a subresional 
(iinci.u- of the CIO Steel Workers Or- 
lu Committee and director ol 
e; , i;,!,-,iiion of the Farm Kqiiipment 
\'. ' ke.-. .\ union man since he was 13, 
W I ber ,i:-,u oi.yanizcd coal miners, 
.iiiio and riiblier ^^orkers. In the U,.S. for 
oi.h'red d.epoited ;o Vu'-:o>lavia in l!)Sl on 
leehiucalitx- lor rei ntiainu; the C.S. after crosslli 
ICO for ,1 lew hours while eiiroute to the ]'A'M^ CIO c 



Leonard Costa, president of 

-Amalgamated (.:lothins ^Vi 
in Kochester. N.V.. is held 

thouirh an Afiierican born c 







.',h c 

si a 

i^sl.^l,s he '.va^ born in Vateslioro. I'a.. soon aftei his paien'^ 
arrived in the IS. Ihc of Allan McNeil, VIr tepicsenl 
ative in Pittsbur,t;h, is .similar. Though born in Minnesota 
McNeil is beins; threatened with deportation to scotKmd 


Exhibit No. 37 


Org, /Citizens L-nergency liefense Conf, 


401 Broadway . Room 604 • New York 13, N. Y. 

COrtlandt 7-4936 

Kew nddreps - 150 Nfissfiu rt.,Rr.on t05, N.Y.C.3-J 

U Al-lX) SALT 

RFV RtOlNAir: H h.<Si 



REV < Ij^RENCE B<.>yiR 



FElif Uia :N HlRk'i W R, 


UH i:\nt\- fORBES 

ns i .'.i-j'HAiis HI tiros 


AilX K'.;-klS' 



Dear Frleri'i: 

A few .'pys f:, n V J 
to cnr:y t.,e core of 

to t;ie 

ner courts. 

fir. nppeel for funds 
■y York Tmlth Act de- 

'.e ftru Euro thflt you will enjoy readlnr the en- 
ciceea, and that when you nave done eo you will 
feel more stronfly tnan ever thp.t the defense of 
these men end wcaen merit your support. 

This pamphlet is r. collection of stPtements 
w,,iCh were maj© by t;.e Jeren->ntB iuFt before sen- 
tencln.,. Each Btate.-nent 1e dliferent a.nci eroeclel- 
l-j indicative of t.acir personality, tecK Tound rnd 
cncracter - with all of the dimity and sincerity 
wriich has eo often impressed us. 

We do hope that the prlntin, of this pemohlet 
will cerve to unite more and more people fl) ainrt 
t.'ie injustice of tae Smith Act and the trcve dsn o" 
of fear and thought control to our count-y. Ti.e 
pemrhlet can be purchased at 35 cents each or i for 
il.Ou from our office. 

I trust you will cooperate in promocim; a vide 
aiBtrloution of this pampnlet and that you will re- 
spond generously to our financial appeal. 

rincorely yourr. 


"1.1 iiord 
Cna Iraian 

; c A V o V 



Exhibit No. 38A 


tf t«v jM!^wu» W MOUuTON 




ftiiiEiiicen coiiiniin{{ foi 
PROHciion Of roRdcn borb 

23 WEST 26*** STREET 

N«W YOWC 10, H. Y. 

MUmiy HM 444Sr 

^tU/ 20, 199^ 

S p o n I 

Hffl<> Bm«f A t*««on 

Mark A Cfiambw-h*. 

D- M#rt:w i Sofrf-"*!. 
t»v L A- e«w 
Or Hftfnr &«■»*«**«♦ 

Mot. flobe'* * 

He- &«o*9« L ^•■'^ 

labbi S. Iwrt Y*mpol 

President Dwlg^t D. ll»»nho««r 
Washington, D. C. 

Dear Mr. President: 

Wtt wish to bring to jour ■p«clal attintian th* ■•rlowi proklMi Ikat 
fac0e a large nuabar of noo-oltli«n« lo tb* Qhl UiA 3^ •&•« oa • r««mlt af 
the Suparrliory Parole prcTlsijsie of the Dblter-NBCerrma L«» of 1952. 

Bon-cltltsns who hare hem ordered deported but «ho oumot k« Aepor- \ 

tad because nc ccuntry vlll accept thea are faced with haTlD|[ to llTe tk* f 

rest cf their Uvea here wider Ordere of Superrlaloo. Moat of th«ae aoir j 

citizens are crer 6!J fvct of age. Soae of thea hare llTed here for 50 M 

/ears or laore. They knew no oountty other than the IkUted Stataa, vkM* X 

they hare apent aoit of their llTee . 4 

Under Crdara of Superrlslon, theae non-oltliana aaat report la p*i^ 
sac to the Juatloe Oepertaent on the aTerage of omce a aoatiii ftre l~fer- 
aatloc under oath a* to their aaaoolatlooa and aotlrltlea; dlsasaoexat* 
froB any peraoi: cr organlxatloo or group that aif^t be regarded as "vak- 
verslre" by the Attorney Oeneral. In addltloo, nco-oltlsaoLS are deaiat. 
the right to travel and oust not leave the city In «hloh X^mj raelAa. 
ji'aJlure to coaply with any of theae conditions is a orlalnal offaaaa pau 
lahable by one year In Jail. 


These conditions create untold hardships and are clearly degradlac ' 

toT the non-oltlzaD. They have nothing to do with U>e deportatioa pro- { 

cess but are surterlapoead apparently on an order of deportation for par* 
poses of harassaant and Intlaldatlon. They rlolate daMooratio staadarla 
and our Aaarioan traditions. ^^Tkh-. i. ,. 

we call upon you to use your office, as President of the OdfiW^' ^ 
States, to secure ellalnatloo by Congress of these Superrlsoiy I^role 

conditions of the Walter- McCarr on Law. ;^ ■; ; 

'":«»« i 


ReapeotfuUy yo 

Bar. aroas W. Ale^ 
Walter AIlModlafl 
Rer. raul 
Har. hstaala 
Rev. WllU) 
Dr. Irala 8. 
ik^. Aalta tloek 

. ' i MD 


""jUL 26 1956^ 


Sf 6»ert. hc^ Jib. 

iNrrrNcrc rr4^« (M sitvfci to tmi Aiii»iCAW^SW#^^^VKaf 

Exhibit No. 38B 


r^rcf. G. Murr'iy Branch 

Dr. A. M. Butlt:- 

R©v. RajSijiad Ca^-lrins 

Dr. A. J. Carls >ii 

Rev. Frank D. Oarsp'oell 

Rs-v. J. S. C--e 

RST . Mark A. Chrj5J:<eriin 

Dr. .'branajn Ci''onb-ich 

Pi'of . Ephralm Cros" 

Ds-. William Vfcllc Dwnton 

Dr. E.^itherine IXxki 

Dr. Robert H. clliis 

Fyk« Farmer, E-^q. 

Prof, imst Feis-. 

ri-uf. G^UAc Fe'-rendo 

•idv . Kenneth isiplsj Forbes 

Hon. Clemens J. fVficce 

FTof . R -jal W. BVaTice 

Hu^- (J«ll6rt 

Mfix G«:,bfc»nBaa 

li. uis 07;ld'blatt 

Rebbi Marcus I. GcldmaE 

Ircf. Albert L. Guerard 

Dr. Ralp'n H. Gasidlach 

ijenn knvj J. Eanck 

Dr . Al 1 c e Hajnl It on 

Dnsiiiell HaEmutt 

Prjf. Lciuise W. Hcoalaj 

Hu*;^ HsrdjtBaa 

.Rev. Sidney jc. Harris 
Wi 1 li aiB Har r i s -jn 
Rf^y . Chester ji . .Hcd^^oii 

Prof. Paanjon Hunt 

Hev. Jonn .Haul Joo«« 

Rev. J, Sparic«r Keanard, Jr. 

Dr. John A. E:in^"bur7 

Prof. Charles ?. Larrow* 

Dr. Paul 3. LsTletes 

Pri.r. C. F. Iltt«13 

Prof. OllTwr S. IxDud 

A^lbert Maltr, 

Prof. Theodor Mauch 

Prof. Harvej K. Nfc Arthur 

Hon . Stanl«7 Maf f att 

Rt. R©T. Ar-thur W. Moiaton 

George JB . Murph/, Jr. 

Scott Jleerlng 

Rev. Clarence ?. R. Relsosi 

Dr. Phillip B. Oliver 

Rev. G«org« L. Paine 

Hs'v , Clartenc© Park«r 

hRrI Robinson 

P^'of. Theodor Ro8©bury 

Aleiandar Snxton 

Prof. Pbllip L. Scheie k 

Prof. Louis© Pettibone Saith 

F. W. Stover 

J\.Kigo Mwax^ p. Totten 

Dr. Harry F. Ward 

I-*rof. Leroj Waterman 

Prof. F. W. WejrmoBtb 

Henry Willcoi 

Rev. Albert J. VlUon 

Rey. Lovd F. Worley 


Exhibit No. 39A 

Aia?rlcan Ccnjoltto© for Protection ol' Forel^i ivirn 
23 Most C6th Stroot, Now York 10, N.Y. 

lixcorpts frou 
Orcnnizntional Report 
- Ilirrlot BEvrron, Adiilnlrtrntlvo Secretary 

Chlcti^ Conforonce of Deportee Dofonso Conmittoes 
Juno 9 and 10, 195 I 

Tho agenda for tho Conforonce will take up ovory aspect that wo could think 
of in tho org\nitationol roalm, and othor or^poots that you nay think of, to carry 
en this 'canmlgn. In this report I slttill d-' ' ^ vi*b <"onas of dofenso or^nlzatlo:: 
and tholr role in the connnr.ity. other;- v.' r their local problems. Wf 

arc hero to gpln from tho colloctivo e:;:.< rt^. .?ly the best suggDEtlcii- t; 

our work In tho bor>t iDrincr possible Ir. our own cijiamittecs, and to attempt to 
omdlcato errors. How can we mobilize tho greatest nunbcr of American people 
In the fight lijiinst deportetlon, because the fi^t n^lnst dopor^ition Is a 
fight for Amc'rican civil rights and libertio:;? This should bo tho th'-W' on 
vhlch wc prccood with tho C oriforcTiCO. 

J';r.t flv< yiP.iT -Jco. in !i.y 19h6, the Justice DcpRrtmont begpn its offensive 

- 'go Peter HrrisiadcsWBs arrested in dcporta 
...... . .V new period had begun. No longer was 

T.ften- the ncL'd to •^'ciiizc Enn.owor, ro^rdloss of national origin or political 
opinion. The dalve for •■• thlri world wr^r had oonnnncsd - wh'.T. -.11 vuief- for 

itv :^\ti'.:K<.x rT' i'.' K'-' "s— wi -^-ct contribution to the fig^t a^inst 
doportatlons . They railiod to the d-fcnse ol ■'.acir ac^nbcrs, set up defense com- 
nittocs, raiscdfunds, Joined the plctet lin; :; ind th- dcle^tions. Unfortunate!/ 
howc-vt r, orJy thfit sogacnt in tiie rc.ti;nal groups who -wo most politically con- 
scious have bc-en urousi-d. V*. .hrive not yet beg-.m to stir all scctlcns of tho na- 
tional groups. Vfc have a ttnd-ncy to stay u ; th : r. t)j.j rrcas in which wo got the 
most sympathy. Only in rare in.-t,ir.cos , ha v. '_rts bcvn ncdo to involve 

other sections of the reitional ( , who ' : -iny intimidated and harasao. 

and who, if properly approached in :::io3t instances would respond. In tho nein the 
natiorifii {jroup defunsc coaaittees have limited themsolvcs to raising funds. Tliis 
is a shcrtC'tanlng and one of the problems which should be discussed very thcrou^- 
ly in this cariferencc . ... 

Vfc know thst the Am>rlcan people as a whole can be made nwaro of the deport- 
tlcn hys-tcria and it-; d-inccrs -wA -"-.h-t they will respond. Fully c third of the 
/aaerican people ai" •< no rat ion and are cognizr.nt of ■ -iil 

origin of -their fcr : luscendants of inmlgmnts , '' *- 

Fronklin D. Roor>cv'..i'.. • 1.. Ua. in.j :;-i.iluence of the national qtoutis in tnis cm 
try ~is.-.ovident everywhere. The fact that our nationnl sponsorship includes Arcrl- 
cans of ill w 1;-^ if 11 fL who arc willing to sponsor our fi/^t of^inst doportatiar 
and ' icatC3 -that we can arouse the Aaericnn people, whose 

res f 1 ; , tc Join in the def;jnsc of foreign bom American.*;. 

How thi:;a.n :.r.l siuat be doni is another problem which mist i>;cei-W3 our attonticn 
nt this Conference. Only by molilizing nr.tlve Americans to -the great responsi- 
bility which fnces them in defending the rigjits of the forel^ bom will wo reall,',' 
suceed in our fight to protect tho rights of the forel^i bom. 

That is the .ao-^t impertsnt of the defense . rjjii-izatl^; , .- in a 

nei^borhood, cr a loc?>lity, w.hether arouxid en individ-xil er a.'... rm of 

defense orjy.r.l:-^ -trior., m.^eidi^ the r.3tioi-nl ^rr.'.p d>;fense camolttce.^. This can bo 

done IS evidenced ly the Fortlind Conclttce snd in some ItGtencos by the Midwest 


Exhibit No. 39B 

OrefiriiiWitioiml Report - 2 

Ihoro is another Group in this co-rAr/ today, r,r •^- *hc attack L> the war 
nDrjr.rinc fcrcos Is ovpr. grritrr thar. or; tho forc-i.^;-. ^ ;-p. That group Is the 
Wo(~o po^lo. Iho Nbgro pooplo can beconio the groateet alllos in doforuio of the 
for- ipi bom. Tho histoiy uf eiis lav- emont of tho Negro people, of lomchlngs, of 
sr:- ration of famllios, tho suffering and tho sorrow which thoy have oxpertoncod, 
£-..,> them a doopor uraiorstandlng of vhat doportetlon neans than any othor oinorlty. 
TVi'- ncoting hero tcJil^t to honor Iterdlnand Smith indicates clearly that the Regrc 
pc -plo arc a ready ally in this fight. Our dole^tion of women to Washlnfe-ton or ^ 
Mr; '17th, vhich ims composed of el^t Ito^^ro and sovon white woiaen is another exxmi?-. 
of '".bo 3p;!rit of tho Negro people. They ere readj' and willing to fight against 
thn break -up of /jaerlcan hoE»3 and famllief?, r-nd for donocracy and oq^jsllty for 
all. In spite of FBI terror ItogrODf. conporcd thn larrpst rnrt of tho group th^t 
at-i.ondod t.ho hearings in Gary for Kathorlno Ej-ndaan. Vfo could enuacrato many other 
Inscancos whore Nocro-whito unity was achlevctlin tho fiyht for the rif^ts of the 
fci<-ign bom. But a gre^atcr conscious and coriSlstcnt effort must bo nBdo.for this 
vnl'-.y and this is nnothor proposal for discussion at this Confcronco. 

We have ctill to involve tha trade unions, even progressive tmdc/ unions, in 
tho fig^t tigp.inst deportations. £von in progrc'SGivt; unloiis, whore loaders of tho 
unions are facing dopoi'tatlon, wo have not been cLlo to establish dofense Ccaanlttcc 
TliMt; arc ureas whcro only recently interest and ccop<-TBticin have been stimulated - 
such aa the Ford Local in Detroit, where a dclcGsto was scsnt to 'i«fashlngt<jnto par- 
tlcijatc In the woiuon's dclogaticsi; or in St. Louis where "UE District 8 has sot 
up a dcfonso co.nmittoo for Tor.i Scntnor; or in •jo'-.ttlc whore Local 7C ILWU, has 
a defense cornEltt'.>e for its nine loaders and nciib* rr, arrested for deportation; but 
wc still real cooperation in the sonso of litablc. dufcnse comnlttces operating 
all tho tiiBD rfithor than Ju3t for the iauaediat*. uni,r;^.ncics. The labor movonunt 
laust be coiac involved in the fl(]ht cjilnst duj-crl: tians if wc arc to succeed in de- 
feating this attempt by the Justice Dep':rtrx>nt to undermine the trade unions. It is 
our responsibility, and wo have not fully made It so, to brin^ to tiic trade -jnlon 
mo\'ancnt the understanding that deportction is c wca-jon to destroy the trade unions 
It was not Just because Jbrdlnr.nd Smith, former naticr^al secretary of the NMU," and 
Charlef Dqylc, fomur intonjatloncl vice president of the CIO Chcmlail .Workers, 
arc foreign bom, that they wore anxistcd. do aim was to ronove thorn from thorn 
from tho trndo union novemcnt, to isolate them and to destroy the unions Involved. 
It Is obvious that bocauso Local 7C hr.s won too many gains for the Alasto Cannery 
workers th"t nine loaders and □c^mbcrs of the union liavo been arrcc;ted for deporta- 
tion. A confcrr-nco of this typo must discuss ways and means of fimly ostabllshln 
defense committees within the trade unions, not only whwrc thcrc are cases of de- 
portation, "out in every tredo union, because in oveiy trade union thcTx: aro forclf- 
bom rjombcrc who ::ro vulnorcblo and ecsy tartlets of tho Justice DL'partjacnt to dcr- 
troy tho tr^do unions andlsolnto tho progrossivo members. 

There aro important industrial areas whcro there arc no defense committees 
whatever. This is sonDthlng that must bo corrCK^tod. All sorts of problems arc 
croatod, as well as rctBrding the gonerol defense of tho forelgi bom. ... 

Vhilc wo urec tiae forrxiticn of defense cocmlttccs ref.i^iless of whether or 
not thoy ortcblish contact vith th'. /-.acriccn Committee, it is nc\'ertheless a, fart 
that all defense coraaittccs will vork better if coErplot^,' org2rilzatlari,Tl tios will 
be oitc.blishcd mA EiTilntc; in;.d. liiity in tlic fight afpinst daportation can be oo- 
complishod only in coopcmtlon. Uie ACTFD has worta-d to protect the forei^ bom 
for almost 20 yccrs. As a -result of Its work, cerfcain Inaralucblc experiences can 
assist local and national group dafonsc or gini nations. Ihc collective oxpcrlcnco 
of all tho dofenso groups aro dvt liable throu^ the American Cosmaittcc and it is 
lost if conplotc coopeiatlon is not ijalntalned. This dous not prcclucb independent 
activities which will recoiv>j our full support. Financial, as well as orgpniia- 
tional ooopointion should bo ostabliohcd. As defense committees in various locali- 
ties are sot up oortein financial contacts of the national orgpnizatlon revort 


Exhibit No. 39C 

Orgrtrazutionnl Report - 3 ../ 

t'^ir suyvport to tho local Cv-^nnittecs , vjhlch is correct. But an the other hand 
ii :;'ats off tho assistance which wc liave rocoivod for aany years. This nruBt be 
l-:-i in nilnd by tho ccntJittoo., . If tho cocmlttcs are w&rtina pr cpcrljr and 
.:. ng cut to now groiir^s wjilch the r.^/^:orcl off loo could never contact, the prcblon: 
^^ Cliartng th* fir^jiciBl repp<or-Gl"bIl!ty of irrlntaina tiio imtionril offlCo and sup - 
• .ir.^ tiic Guproac Coiurt cases, is no -;.r&'.lon »".t all. Of course, wo in the na- 
t ::/.] office do not sit by and wait for you2- Buijport. Vfc shall always, as wo have 
i . past, continuo our national campei^s iT)achir.{5 into areas where there are 
:. coa.iittcos p.nd to people who are set In their support of tho Amorlcan Conanittee. 
(. -20 of those people hnvo suppoi-ted us for years and do not wish to change. ) Vfe 
h o a staff of six people, who are rend^j' to service tho local cotonlttcoD, to send 
:: u:riul to the attomeyp, and Itoop coimitteos irii'onxd of all dovclopraentE . Wo 
-i"»j sure that you will ".-n^e that wo have given ovoiy possible sorvi«nnd coopora- 
ticTi et ovcr;i- time. Vfc shrll continue to do so. In addition, we have attempted 
tc rcaintaln tho morale of the deportees throughout tho couritiy, Infoimlng then of 
c/ur;.' nspoot of the fight a(j5ir-st doT>ortatian in every part of tho country. 

These arcs only a few of tho or^nitatlonnl aspects which wo propose for dis- 
cussion thro-of^out this Ciinf^ronco, I an sirre tk't cany other areas and nciny 
other Ideas will bo presented horc by tho varlo'is defense coiuialttcoG . In the flgjit 
if^inst de^xirtction and the f^nei"! attoc:; ajpliist tho foreign bom no stone must 
be loft unturned. Bcncticr-iry forcos oru using tho foroion bom ?nd tho Nogro 
people SE the scipcsosts in their drive to\Krd viir '^nd fiscism. Wo, who have 
lcr:mod thr; lessons of Gcmr.n fascisr., he ve a serious respansibility. Wo must 
shout the 'l/iiT-.', in the Exnnor of modem Prul H,voros, to awakon tho American 
people to the perils. The t-Tsk is not easy. Wo aro but a few. llio iron cuctaln 
of L ilencc is cverywhcr' . But wo uust do it - r:nd do it now because the time is 
short. "Kic hour io Lite. If wo fr.ll to orgonizc tho Americcn pooplo in tho 
dofc:iso of the fojx-if^i bom - in tho fi^^t a^'jiinst deportation - wc shall fail to 
full'ill our responsibilities as Amorlcans. In this fight for tho rights of Amorl- 
ci-ns - citizens and non-citizens - wo will boconc - wo nrc- bocoiiing - nary. Your 
efforts arc increasing our nunbcrs. Hiis is our gur.rr.ntoe of safeguarding our 


Exhibit No. 40 
[Dally Worker, New York, Tuesday, October 23, 1951, p. 5] 
Meeting To Aid Foreign Born 

Cleveland, Oct. 22. — Defense of the rights of the foreign born will be the 
theme of a meeting to be held in Cleveland on Sunday, Oct. 28, at 2 p. m. 

Principal speakers will be Harriet Barron, national administrative secretary 
of the American Committee for the Protection of the Foreign Born; and Ann 
Fagan Ginger, Cleveland attorney. Mrs. Barron is stopping in Cleveland on 
her way to the midwest conference of her organization. 

The hysteria against foreign-born American and his reduction to second- 
class citizenship by the McCarran and Smith laws and repeal of these uncon- 
stitutional laws will be chief topics of discussion. 

The meeting will be held at the Ukrainian Labor Temple, 1051 Auburn Ave. 
It is sponsored jointly bv the American Committee for the Protection of the 
Foreign Bor* and the Citizens Committee. 

Exhibit No. 41 
Summary Proceedings 

Conference held October 27, 1951, at Ford Local 600 Auditorium, under auspices 
of Michigan Committee for Protection of Foreign Born and Detroit Chapter, 
National Women's Appeal for the Rights of Foreign Born Americans 

(Present were 76 delegates from various fraternal, civic, labor, and church 
organizations and 37 visitors and observers.) 

The Conference was opened by Saul Grossman, Executive Secretary of the 
Michigan Committee for Protection of Foreign Born, who then introduced the 
Chairman of the Conference, Tom Dombrowski, editor of Glos Ludowy (People's 
Voice), leading Polish-American weekly. 

Walter QuiUico, Educational Director of Ford Local 600, UAW-CIO, brought 
greetings from the Executive Board and General Council of his Local and 
reported on the program of the newly organized Workers Defense Commit- 
tee of the Local. He told the delegates that "The UAW-CIO was built by 
the foreign born and it will defend its members against government perse- 
cution." He further declared that Local 600 would protect the constitutional 
rights of all workers within the Local and would help the workers seek and 
get legal aid, bond, etc. The Workers Defense Committee would also work 
with the Michigan Committee for Protection of Foreign Born on immigration 
and deportation problems. 

Anne Shore, Organizational Director of the Civil Rights Congress of Michigan, 
brought greetings and pledge of support from her organization. 

George W. Crockett, Jr., noted Detroit attorney, reviewed the history of 
the fight for bail and pointed to the victory won locally when the Federal 
Courts agreed to accept bail money from the Civil Rights Bail Fund when the 
Immigration Dept. tried to cancel bail. He called for a struggle by all to 
defend the rights of the American people. 

Rev. Charle.^ A. Hill, pastor of the Hartford Ave. Baptist Church, linked 
the fight of the foreign born with the struggle of the Negro people for equal 
rights. Illustrating the need for constant struggle for our rights to achieve 
victory, he told the following anecdote: Two frogs fell into a pail of milk. 
After struggling for a while to get out, one frog gave up and drowned. The 
other frog continued to struggle until he churned the milk into butter and then 
climbed out of the pail. 

Carol King, outstanding authority on the rights of the foreign born, reviewed 
the provisions of the unconstitutional McCarran Act. Pointing out the dangers 
not only to the foreign born but to all Americans, she stressed the necessity 
of repealing this law. 

Anna Ganley, facing deportation because of her progressive activities and 
beliefs, spoke movingly about the human side of deportation and what It means 


to the families involved. She also reported on the activities of the National 
Women's Appeal and urged all women to join the local chapter. 

Harriet Barron. Administrative Secretary of the American Committee for 
Protection of Foreign Born, reported on the national cases which are now being 
heard by the United States Supreme Court, such as the Hari.siades case and 
the Terminal Island Four bail case. The Harisiades case may be the test 
which will decide whether noncitizens can be deported for past membership in 
the Communist Party. The Terminal Island case, together with the John Zydok 
case, will decide whether the Attorney General can hold noncitizens without 
bail. She urged full support of these cases and for the 20th Anniversary 
Conference of the Committee to be held in Chicago December 8 and 9. 

Exhibit No. 42 
Summary Proceedings 

National Conference of Deportee Defense Committees, June 9 and 10, 1951, 

Chicago, Illinois 

Participants: Abner Green, Harriet Barron (New York) ; Rose Chernin (Los 
Angeles) ; George M. Wastila (Superior, Wis.) ; Alma Foley (Minneapolis) ; Saul 
Grossman, Stanley Nowak (Detroit) ; William Sentner (St. Louis) ; Andrew 
Adaslm and Albert Des Hosiers (Hammond, Ind.) ; Katherine Hyndman and 
James MacKay (Gary, Ind.) ; M. Michael Essin (Milwaukee) ; Alec Jones, 
Lillian Goodman, James Lovett, Morris Backall, Leon Markevitch, Resni- 
koff, Dorothy and Joe Weber, Bernice Franklin, M. Strulewitz, Stella Terlowsky, 
Steve Tsermrgas, Anna Shapiro, Nellie De Schaaf, Joseph Staskus, Ben, 
Frank Millman, Perez Mandel, A. H. Payne, Vincent Andrulis, Gustave Pikal, 
Lester Davis, Joseph Bochardy, Rev. Bishop Toliver, Pearl M. Hart (Chicago). 

SATURDAY, JUNK 9, lit 51 

Morning Session 

Rose Chernin served as Chairman. 

Lillian Goodman greeted the Conference participants on behalf of the Midwest 
Committee for Protection of Foreign Born. 

William Sentner, representing the Tonie Sentner Defense Committee of the 
UE District 8, discussed methods of approaching trade unions to win their 
support for the fight against the deportation drive. 

Harriet Barron, administrative secretary of the ACPFB, presented a report. 
(Excerpts attached.) 

The Conference elected a committee to call on the Hamilton Hotel because of 
its action in not providing accommodations for Ferdinand Smith, despite a reser- 
vation having been made for him. (Statement attached.) 

Afternoon Session 

Alec Jones served as Chairman. 

The following reported on activities of their deportee defense committees ; Rose 
Chernin (Los Angeles Committee for Protection of Foreign Born) ; Saul Gross- 
man (Michigan Committee for Protection of Foreign Born) ; Lillian Goodman 
(Midwest Committee for Protection of Foreign Born) ; Alma Foley (Minneapolis 
Joint Committee against Deportation) ; William Sentner (Tonie Sentner Defense 
Committee of UE District 8) ; Perez Mandel (ResnikofiE Defense Committee) ; 
Stanley Nowak (American Polish Conunittee for Protection of Foreign Born) ; 
Steve Tsermegas (Conunittee for Protection of Greek-Americans) ; George M. 
Wastila (Finnish American Freedom Committee) ; Vincent Andrulis (Lithuan- 
ian American Committee for Protection of Foreign Born) ; Gustav Pikal (Czecho- 
slovak Committee for Protection of Foreign Born). 

Reports were received in writing from the Northwest Committee for Protec- 
tion of Foreign Born, Seattle; Hungarian American Committee for Protection 
of Foreign Born, New York ; Harisiades-Taffler Neighborhood Defense Commit- 
tee, Brooklyn, N. Y. ; American Yugoslav Committee for Protection of Foreign 
Born, Pittsburgh ; Northern California Committee for Protection of Foreign Born, 
San Francisco. 

Harriet Barron reported on the activity of National Women's Appeal for the 
Rights of Foreign Born Americans. 


Abner Green delivered a Committee report on "Attorneys and Defense Commit- 

Evening Session 

A Salute to Ferdinand C. Smith and other deportation victims of the McCarran 
Law was held at the Packinjihouse Workers Hall under the cosponsorship of the 
Chicago Negro Labor Council and the Midwest Committee for Protection of 
Foreign Born. More than 500 people participated in the Salute. Ernest De 
Maio, president of UE District Council 11, served as Chairman. Si>eakers in- 
cluded Lester L>avis, executive secretary of the Illinois Civil Rights Congress ; 
Abner Green : Sam Parks, chairman of the Chicago Negro Labor Council ; Joe 
Weber; and Ferdinand C. Smith. Greetings were read from William Hood, 
secretary of the UAW-CIO, Ford Local 600, Detroit ; Maurice Travis, national 
secretary. International Union of Mine, Mill, and Smelter Workers, Denver; 
Hugh Bryson, president. Marine Cooks and Stewards Association, San Fran- 
cisco ; Sam Burt, president. Furriers Joint Board of New York. 

SUNDAY, JtmE 10, 1951 

Morning Session 

Stanley Nowak served as Chairman. 

Abner Green delivered a report on campaigns and activities. (Copy attached.) 

Following reports were delivered : The Fight for Bail, by Rose Chernin ; The 
Deportation Drive, Harriet Barron; McCarran Law Repeal, Alec Jones; Revoca- 
tion of Citizenship, Saul Grossman; Section 23-c of McCarran Law (Indictments 
for "Failure to Depart"), Lillian GocKlman ; Dumigration (on the case of Harry 
Chew), Abner Green ; Mexican Americans, by Rose Chernin; West Indian Amer- 
icans, Ferdinand C. Smith ; Filipino-Americans, a written report by Dr. H. J. 

Katherine Hyndman reported the significanc-e of Negro-White Unity in the 
Fight Against Deportation. 

Mrs. Bernice Franklin, whose husband, Irwin Franklin, has started to serve a 
IV^-year sentence for allegedly falsely claiming American citizenship, addressed 
the Conference and expressed her appreciation, as well as her husband's appreci- 
ation, for the Committee's tight on behalf of Irwin Franklin. 

Afternoon Session 

Pearl M. Hart served as Chairman. 

Alec Jones reported for the Committee on Campaigns and Activities. The 
principal proposals of the Committee were: (1) Designation of October 21-2S, 
1951, as "Statue of Liberty" Week; (2) A special appeal to the June 30th Peace 
Congress to be held in Chicago; (3) Special appeals for support in the fight 
against deportation to be addressed to the Negro people, to Trade Unions, and to 
the Jewish people; (4) Publication of a pamphlet on the contributions of the 
foreign born to the establishment and development of the organized labor move- 
ment in the United States ; (5) Publication by the ACPFB. of a weekly column in 
the foreign language press. The Committee supported also the proposals that 
had been made in the course of the Conference for the sending of special messages 
to Peter Harisiades, Dora Coleman, the Terminal Island Four, Rep. Adolph J. 
Sabath, Harry Chew, Irwin Franklin, Frank Spector. 

Abner Green made concluding remarks and the conference adjourned at 
4 : 00 P. M. 



Prior to June 8th, the Midwest Committee for Protection of Foreign Born had 
called the Hamilton Hotel and made a reservation for Ferdinand C. Smith for 
June 8 and 9. On June 7, Lillian Goodman, executive secretary of the Midwest 
Committee called the Hamilton Hotel and explained that Mr. Smith had been 
delayed and requested that his reservation be changed to June 9th. She was 
assured that the reservation would be changed. (Abner Green was present when 
the telephone call was made.) 


• On the morning of June 9th, when Ferdinand Smith presented himself at the 
Hamilton Hotel, he was told that there was no reservation for him and that no 
room in the hotel was available for that evening. When this was reported to the 
Conference of Deportee Defense Committees, a delegation of 10 was appointed 
to see the manager of the Hotel. 

The delegation called on the manager of the Hamilton Hotel during the Con- 
ference's lunch recess. The delegation made clear that it regarded the Hotels 
failure to provide accommodations for Ferdinand C. Smith as discrimination 
because he is a Negro. The manager stated that the Hotel has a policy of not 
discriminating and that the change in Mr. Smith's reservation from June 8 to 9 
had not been entered by the clerk who had talked to Mrs. Goodman. The man- 
ager stated that he would be glad to give Mr. Smith a room but that the Hotel 
was filled. 

When Abner Green offered to give up his room so that Mr. Smith could register, 
the manager .stated that Mr. Green had indicated that he was leaving the Hotel 
on Saturday, June 9. Mr. Green did not indicate any date of departure when he 
registered at the hotel on June 6th. The manager, however, produced the regis- 
tration card with the clerk's notation of a June 9 departure. Mr. Green main- 
tains that the June 9 was not entered on the card until after Mr. Smith's arrival 
at the hotel and until after he had offered to give up his room. 

At this point, Harriet Barron offered to give up her room so that Mr. Smith 
could register for Room 1303. The manager had no alternative since Mrs. Barron 
had stated, when registering, that she was not leaving until June 10. The man- 
ager registered Mr. Smith for Room 1303. 

When Mr. Smith appeared at the desk to request his key that evening, he 
was accompanied by a delegation of seven people. The room clerk stated that 
there was no Room 1303 in the Hotel. Mrs. Barron said that she had stayed in 
Room 1303 the previous evening and then pointed out the box clearly marked 
"1303." At this point, the room clerk said that there was no registration for 
Ferdinand Smith and he therefore could not let him have the room. The delega- 
tion protested this obvious discrimination and condemned the clerk's action. 
Since it was midnight, the manager was not available. Mrs. Rose Chernin 
checked out of the hotel immediately stating she would not stay in any hotel that 
discriminated against people because they are Negroes. 

The following day the Conference, on receiving a rejwrt, voted to condemn the 
action of the Hamilton Hotel, to send a special protest, to authorize the Midwest 
Committee for Protection of Foreign Born to organize a special delegation to 
call on the manager the following day, and to notify all organizations and indi- 
viduals in Chicago of the fact that the Hamilton Hotel pursues a policy of dis- 
crimination against Negroes. Special action has been taken already by the 
Midwest Committee and all possible steps are being pursued to expose this 
discriminatocy policy. 

Exhibit No. 43 






E«ecutTve Secretary 

Administretiv* Seervtsry 



Spans or t 

(rarfill Litt) 

flnKRicfln GommiTTEc for 
PBOTECTion Of fORfien uu 

23 WEST 2Mi STIKT • NEW YORK 10, N. Y. • MUrray Mil 4-3457 

Jeanary 8, I955 

Prof. Emily c Browo 
Dr. Alic* Hill Byra« 
ft«v. Rsymond Csfkifli 


««v. Ff«Bk 0. 
Or. A. J. Carlscm 
tev. Mark A. Ch«mb«rli« 
Marcv* I. Christian 
Dr. Abraham Cro^bach 
Pro*. Ephraim Oott 
Ffank Marthall Davit 
Dr. William WeUt Deftton 
Dr. Kafhenn* Dodd 
Dr. W e. 1. Owiora 
Fyka farmar 
Prof EfMt PeiM 
Dr. G«rdo F«rra*ido 
Ciam«n« J, fr«i»c« 
Prof- Roval W. Franca 
Hugo Gallart 

Rabbi i>ob«rt £. Goldbtif« 
Dr. Marcus <■ Goldman 
Rev. L. A. Gro» 
Dr. Harry Gr»ndfMt 
Dr. Ralph H. &«iidl»di 
Dr. Allca Hammea 
Daihiatl Hamffwtt 
Hugh Hardymai) 
Wifliam HarrUofl 
Wiltar^ T. Hazen. Jr. 
lev. 0«rvnc« 0. Herrio+t 
. Chettfff E. Hodfwa 

R«v. J. SfMAcer Kannard, Jf. 
Hon. Robart W. Keony 
Dr. John A. KinQtbury 
Dr. Paul Lay>«ta« 

Prof. On««r S, loitd 
Hon tobart Mon> Lovotf 
Prof Thaodor Mauch 
Ra« Witrran H. McKami* 
R*. Rev W.l'er MUchell 
Hoit, Stanlay MoMalt 
ScoH Naariitg 
Prof Gaiparo Nlcotri 
Dr f%i\y,t> 8. Oliyar 

Mr. J. R. Smith 

Oddfellovs Hall Assn. 
1649 9th Street N W 
Itoshlzigtcn, D, C. 

Dear Nr« Snith: 

In accordance with our arraiWEements of 
January 7th, ve are enclosing herewith a check 
for $10.00 representing deposit for the Miln 
floor hall to be available to ue for a meeting 
on Sunday, M&reh 27th, from 12 Noon until 10:00 

It Is understood that the full rental 
i« $65 ^50, the balance of $59-50 to be paid 
on March 27th. 

We vish to thank you for yo\ir cooperation. 

Ve»y tfnxlj y<i^e, 

^ I .' 

Harriot Barron 
AdBlnlstratiTo Sacratary 

Or I* 


f'o*. WilUem T. Sterr 
P'fil. Bcmhard J, StvrA 
«.v Telmrtfl. V. Saltoa 
f'ol El!». t-«t 
.•u<<»e Ed.erd f. TottM 
**. Efn«»» J. T'o«ln«f 
0- w;il..J UptKiit 
r>.. Herr, f Ward 
►tof f . W. W»,oio»l1l 
•■. Wlianm 

Babbt S, Iwrr Tampof 


Exhibit No. 44 

American Committee fob Protection of Foreign Born, 

New York 10, N. Y., March 31, 195J,. 
Dear Evelyn : I am rearranging my sche<lule so that I can be in Pittsburgh 
on the 18th. I assume that you would want me to come in on the 17th so that 
we can have a day to discuss things before the meeting. 
Let me know. 



Exhibit No. 45 

American Committee for Protection of Foreign Born, 

New York 10, N. Y., April IS, 195J,. 
Dear Evelyn : Steve was here yesterday and he seemed to be of the impression 
that a date had been set for a meeting. Please let me know what the date is 
since I will have to organize my schedule accordingly. 

We also discussed somewhat some of the problems of the Committee. As 
I advised you previously, I do not want to come in only for a meeting, but want 
to have some time when I can sit down with you, and a few others, to help in 
any way we can. 

Please let me hear from you soon. 
Kind regards. 


Exhibit No. 46 

American Committee for Prote(;tion of Foreign Born, 

New York 10, N. Y., June 22, 1954. 
Dear Evp:lyn : Do you know whether a witness named Frank Lowell has been 
used in your area, or whether anyone knows anything about him. He is being 
used in a West Virginia case (Charleston) and they would like any information 
you have. Let me know as .soon as ix)ssible. 

It was nice to have seen you. Hope you found everything under control when 
you got back. 
Best regards. 



Exhibit No. 47A 

Conference lor Legislation 

Qn Ihe J^ational interest 

342 mpoison pve. 

SUITE 1500 

new YORK 17, n y 

February 25, 195^ 

De;^r Reverend riarringion; 

The four of us who have signed this letter would like you 
to join us in setting up a Wat_c^hdog Comnilt_t_ee for L egis lation 
in the National Interest. These times increasingly demand that 
determined citizens must keep Congress under constant pressure 
lest it continue its performance of the immediate and recent 
past. We believe that the time has come again when the Congress 
of the United St&tes ought to stop acting like the boar'd or- ■ 
di5:.§;;,tQX5 Qf.jiC»#..aupe? ^hPi^i.hg;. cqm|)any Of big buslftesff- and"-'- 
sfart to fulfill its function'as' reproSffntatiye of the interests 
of all the people. 

The hysteria pjT .the J?a,at.. few yoars, with its accorapanyir^g 
fearf lil-eWicatlon by too many Americana of their most basic 
and minimum rights" ana privileges, the Invasion cf Plvil liber- 
ties by leglalativo commltteea, and the "give--»w-ay" program have 
destpoy<«r~tfie^'na'turaI relationship which ought to exist between 
Congress and the people. 

Today, too many Americans acceEJLj&sjiormal the fact__^thRt 
members of Cor,gj',(5,g3.. _§irp the .private b•ro1DB^a"*oT^1B3^^'b^T^i,a5."3 ,J^ 
rather^' t?fe4h-yW-8«rwint«.-«r..all^^^ people. We tend' to forec't"" 

how quickly legislators respondVd ih the past to the press^ores 
of a determined citizenry. 

When Congr$j3jg,. j.gnomlniou3ly s-arrendored its own power to 
make war, IflTin fact turned SVer tJur very lives to the Adntn- 
IttrMrtlbn which, through its Secretary of State, admits that 
three times America was brought to the "brink of war". It is 
our belief that there lies latent and smouldering in the pub- 
lic breast large resentments against a Congress which has been 
so accommodating to the least whims of big business while ig- 
noring the best interests of the people. 

We think the time is at hand when Americans will once 
n^tu-n respond to demands in their own public Interest Instead 
f agreolr.g to the 3horing-uj?, . the public.§ts'yir,y, of 
jvery rag, tag, and bobtalled'jfrie'nd, of "the 3tato Deip^rtment. 

(cont 'd next page) 




85333 0— 57— pt. 2- 


Exhibit No. 47B 

We believe » w°^''>if]fg ^MiHr- should keep a sharp eye 

on fnenj-n oongress who are willirig biind^y to vote a#Ay' oui« 

aon&'fTJon old American elOqudnc'o a^nd tough-talking indignation 
wore brought to bear on the theory that "what '3 rood for 
General Motors is good for the country." 

Until we, the Public, speak up, they will continue to give 
away our treasure, our forests, our oil, our ri,;7hts our liber- 
ties, our carnint-s, and gamble with our peace and security. 

For a genuine peace policy, a "Point Four" program for the 
South, expanded aid for health, education and welfare, and for 

R ratwX,,i>A«t|Ai*,.ii^^.l °^ Riniits, it is high tine that the Ameri- 
can people iier lnrt)'-%hlft- "saddle of public responsibility. 

We nra therefore initiating a Conference to be held on 
Saturday, 3l2t, at Llanhattan ■'"er.tcr, to give voice to 
those wh: our indignation and who will carry it forward 
into the arena of actlcn. If you agree with us, won't you 
tecor:c a sponger of the Ccnfoi-cnco by signing ti.c ci. closed 
card and rcturr:ing it to us v.'ithin a week? 


^i^xz Cameron 

Trot, Ephrain Cross 

Dr. W.E.P. E^urois 

Rose Russell 


Exhibit No. 48 





sum 1300 _ J42 HABISON *^t NFW ro« 17 N r 



Anguj Cameron 


Albert I. Collomi 

Rev lee H Ball 

Carleton BeoK B Cherevos 

Prof Shepord B Ciough 

Pfof Eptiromi CfOSS 

Dt W E 6 DuBois 

Arnoud d U%?eou 

Pro) Henry Pron Foitchild 

Stonier Faulkner 

Rev Kenneth Ripley Forbes 

Ira Gollobin 

Dt Rolph H Gundloch 

Dashiei: Hommelt 

Milton H. Fnedmon 

Of Joseph 6 Fursi 

Peter K Howley 

Robert W Justice 

Rockwell Kent 

D' Dcvd B K.n'melman 

Al Kuchler 

flotcnce H Luscomb 

Ci ffotd T McAvoy 

John T, McMorus 

Eve Mcrnnm 

Dr Phihp Morrison 

Woller A O Br.i.n 

Haivey O Connor 


V.ctor Robinowii! 

Anion RcfieqiC' 

Irllion E Reiner 

Bcr-l^n r p.;.. -'!, 

Anthony T- 

"The fol 

or. ."Jt V-riuy , ;• ■_ 
■ieclurod k: 

•;;.-?'7 rontt ■. ' : , ■ 

'T-r-j." ta lA•^'. tr th'j .T,r r ' pro.iiir^ ircues 

', Qf, Ka;; [-. 1 t-'.ii Cef.t-;.'- 
, oheir.'mn of ti'.e Crn 

'-" r,^rr.scTirC 

"rl< Ti-.os cf y'.rc-h Z': rercr",-; tnat 'Ccn- 

• - . '. ■ ' •• i th r. 90 riy 

education, la^cr, nr-i 
problems bofcr« ^r-r- 

Mvil liberties arc 
?hes9 issues w: 

■^.-^r-r;^ ar'i a pre 'r 

■ . !-Pa:th. 
r res<^ Ived 

-,. ,- ;r3Qd in 

1- :'is la 1 179 8 9- 

■ v»jrui-n li' i , o: ." A.i rus Csr.eror. -.vill rep^ ■•' 

r.' 1 ! % *i r r." n 

,- . • . -. r, ■, ■ .. *.,,- , r.o tod 

, al 
,■.-..., . ' ^:.'^x y>'^ , '>■■.'- i ' : ea k 
•, . t";!!^ 'Vint or attiri.ay, ■..'' repj-rt or. **: h« 
1 .^tate ?f 
*ill hear 


rfe ty Harl ficbi r scnj^.'^tTkHsr speaker 

L. r 1 i ^r.-' , .J e c r e ts n,' , 

■ . - ■( ■ bo sesured fror. Albert 
,-. . e. '.'.A- Y ork 17, 



Exhibit No. 49 





Angus Can- 


-Albert L. Colloirs 


Rev. lee H. Bali 


"fgress AEifed tc Qverr.i 

April 1, 1956 


,VJi\iarv B Cherevos 
-Prof Shepord B.CIouql 
-^rof Ephraitr Cross 
•Or. W E 6 DuBois 
.. ArnouH d Usseau 

Prof. Henry Prolt fa:rcK 

.Sioniey Fauikner 
" Rev Kennelh Ripley Forbe 

Iro Gollobin 
■ Or. Raiph H. Cjndloch 

— Dashie; Moirroel! 
-Hilton H. Friedman 

,_ Dr Joseph B Fu'si 

— Pr'c^ K Ho..lty 
■"-Robert VV j.ji!,.<- 

D-. Oav.d B, Kimmelmon 
Al Kuchler r«», 

Florence H. luscomb 
CI ffoid T. McAvov 

— John T. McMcl: 
-Eve V.crriam 

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— Viclor Kcbin„.v.- 
.-Anion RffreguT 
-till, on E Reiner 
Beriho C. Reyno 
-Dr. Bernard R:es 
_Rev. Pohli- Rodi 
.^ Prof. Ti . 
. Rose V i 
Dr, Po. 
Sirron Feci, ■ 
■Dr Frork F S 
Anthony Toney 
• Rev. WoyieWn 
Henry Wi.i<o« 
,Dr. Hyman vVuhi 
3eniom'n M Z''' 

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Exhibit No. 50A 
Conference for Legislation in the National Interest 

April 7, 1956 


Please go to your panels at once so that they can start on time. 

This is a legislative conference. All proposals for adoption must relate to 
what Congress can do about them in the form of legislation. No other proposals 
or resolutions will be entertained. 

The reporter in your panel is an expert in his field. Please give him your 
closest attention. There will be 1% hours of discussion at each panel, a half 
hour of which is allotted to general discussion. The balance of the time is 
to be used for discussion of specific bills, or proposals for bills which you will 
find described in the material enclosed. Decisions to support or reject these bills 
will be made by vote at the panel. While each panel can recommend approval 
of as many bills as desired, it is suggested that only one or tivo bills be specifically 
recommended for sustained catnpaigns. 

In addition, the Organizing Committee of the Conference recommends : 

1. A Continuation Committee to implement the decisions of this Confer- 

2. The issuance of a call for the establishment of Committees of Corre- 
spondence in every Congressional district of the nation. 

3. The nomination by each panel, for approval by the general session, of 
six to ten people as members of the Continuation Committee. 

A detailed organizational plan will be presented at the general session. 
At the conclusion of the panels, you will have one hour for lunch. Please 
return promptly so that we can start the general session on time. 
This envelope contains : 

1. Program of the Conference 

2. Technique for effective writing to Congressmen 

3. List of key Congressional committees. 

4. Key assignments of N. Y. City Congressmen and U. S. Senators. 

5. Bills pending before Congress and proposals for legislation, classified 
by panels. 

This material is of immediate and continuous value to you, your club, your 
union, your community organization. Keep it for reference. 

Exhibit No. SOB 

Conference for Legislation in the National Interest 

Manhattan Center, Saturday, April 7, 1956 

Registration : 9 : 30 to 10 : 30. 

Panels : 11 A. M. to 1 P. M. 

Integration or Segregation : Breaking the Dixiecrat Hold on Congress ; Chair- 
man : Eugene Gordon ; Speaker : Jennings Perry. 



The So\'ereign Citizen : Congress and the Bill of Rights ; Cliairman : Clifford 
T. McAvoy ; Speaker : Victor Rabinowitz. 



The People's Treasure (Our natural and human resources) : Public Service 
vs. Public Plunder ; Chairman : Wm. B. Cherevas ; Speakers : John T. McManus, 
Isador Rubin. 




Survival or Extinction : Congress and the "Brink of War" ; Chairman : Peter 
K. Hawley ; Speaker : Dr. Otto Nathan. 



General Session, 2-5 P. M. ; Chairman : Prof. Ephraim Cross ; Keynote 
Speaker : Angus Cameron. 

Interlude of Topical Songs : Earl Robinson. 

Organizational Recommendations : Albert L. CoUoms. 

Exhibit No. 50C 

Conference for Legislation in the National Interest 

panel: "survival or extinction" 

While the shaping of foreign policy is primarily the responsibility of the 
President, nevertheless Congress can legislate in many areas — the military 
budget, conscription, foreign trade, immigration — which can have a powerful 
effect on foreign policy. 

Pressure on Congress in these areas is an important part of the fight for peace. 

Bills Pending 

S. 3116, H. R. 1)69C: To provide for the promotion and strengthening of inter- 
national relations through cultural and athletic exchanges and participation in 
international fairs and festivals. Introduced by Sen. Humphrey and others; 
referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations. Introduced in the House by 
Rep. Macdonald and others ; referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs. 

Recommendation to the panel : To approve. 

H. R. 10082: Provides $4,800,000,000 in foreign aid, mostly military. Intro- 
duced by Rep. Richards : referred to Committee on Foreign Affairs. 

President Eisenhower recently stated that One Dollar's worth of economic aid 
is worth $5. of military aid. This bill scarcely reflects that viewpoint. 

Recommendation to the panel : To oppose, and to ask Congress that all for- 
eign aid should be in the form of economic assistance and technical assistance, 
without political or economic strings. 

For Repeal 

The Battle Act : In 1951, Congress passed the "Mutual Defense Assistance 
Control Act of 1951" restricting the trade of the U. S. and cooperating foreign 
nations with "any nation or combination of nations threatening the security of 
the U. S., including USSR, and the countries under its domination." This Act, 
never in the national interest, has now become a stumbling-block to the easing 
of international tension through trade. It was passed at the height of the 
Korean War hysteria, and has no place in the post-Geneva world. 

Proposed Legislation 

The Annual Convocation of the Oregon Council of Churches held recently in 
Portland, adopted a resolution on nuclear weapons, here reproduced. We 
propose that the sense of this resolution be adopted by the Congress of the 
U. S. as a Joint Resolution addressed to the President. 

"Whereas : We view with alarm the competition among nations for superiority 
in the development of mass-destruction weapons, and 

Whereas : Nuclear weapons of astronomical strength are being stockpiled and 
occasionally exploded for test purposes, and 

Whereas : We have learned of the deadly effects of radioactive fallout and of 
the danger of radioactive contamination of the earth's atmosphere, and 

Whereas : The great powers agreed at the Summit Conference in Geneva that 
no nation can achieve its purposes by engaging in nuclear warfare, and 

Whereas : The peace of the world rests precariously on a "balance of mutual 
terror", with nations possessing the destructive power to annihilate much of our 

"Be It Therefore Resolved : That the Congress of the U. S. memorialize the 
President to make intensified efforts to reach international agreement on the 
control of nuclear weapons." 

Recommendation to the panel : Write Congressmen to introduce this resolution. 


EJxHiBiT No. 50D 

Conference fob Legislation in the National Interest 

PANEL : "the sovereign citizen" 
Bills Penditifj 


S. 3187 : To repeal Section 9H of the National Labor Relations Act (Taft- 
Hartley Law) relating to non-Communist aflBdavits. Introduced by Senator 
McNamara ; referred to the Committee on Labor. 

H. R. 6543 : To amend section 14b of the National Labor Relations Act 
so as to protect the rights of employees and employers, in industries affect* 
ing commerce, to enter into union-shop agreements. Introducetl by Repre- 
sentative Holtzman ; referred to Committee on Labor. 

Note : This bill would void the so-called State "Right to Work" laws. 
Recommendation to the panel on both of the above : To approve. 

Legislation Needed 
Immigration and Naturalization (see attached sheet) : 

1. Repeal of the Smith Act. (See folder enclosed.) 

2. Repeal of the Immunity Law. The Supreme Court validation of the 
Immunity Law was a blow at one of the basic protections of the Bill of 
Rights, the Fifth Amendment. The Immunity Law opens the door to attack 
upon all other guaranties of the Constitution. Its repeal must be a primary 
objective of everyone concerned with civil liberties. 

Recommendation to the panel : Write your Congressman urging him to intro- 
duce a repealer. 

3. Repeal of the Subversive Activities Control Act of 1950. This Act 
provides for the registration of all organizations found to be "subversive" 
by a Board, and for the registration of all its members. The penalties are 
such that it in effect illegalizes political opposition. Under this Act, the 
Communist Party has been designated as subversive. It is now appealing 
the case before the Supreme Court. 

A score of other organizations have also been so designated and are 
now in the midst of legal battles. 
Recommendation to the panel : Write your Congressman expressing your 
strong opposition. 

4. Repeal of the Communist Control Act of 1954 : This Act penalizes 
organizations and members of organizations deemed to be "Communist dom- 
inated or influenced." This law is so worded that it can easily be applied 
to labor unions. 

Recommendation to the panel : Same as above. 

Exhibit No. 50E 

Conference for Legislation in the National Interest — Bills Before Congress 

panel: "the people's treasure" 

S. 3158 : To amend certain laws relating to the provision of housing and elim- 
ination of slums; to establish a National Mortgage Corp. to assist in the pro- 
vision of housing for families of moderate income, and for other purposes. In- 
troduced by Sen. Lehman and others ; referred to the Committee on Banking 
and Currency, Chairman, Sen. Fulbright. 

The salient feature of this bill is that it provides for 200,000 dwelling units per 
year, as contrasted to 35,000 units proposed by the Administration. It also 
provides for setting aside 10 percent of housing units built, for elderly families. 
Recommendation to panel : To approve. 

S. 3159: Provides for the establishment in the executive branch of the 
Gov't, of a Department of Housing and Urban Affairs. Introduced by Sen. 
Lehman and others ; referred to the Committee on Gov't Operations, Sen. Mc- 
Clellan, Chmn. Recommendation to panel : To approve. 



H. R. 7535 : Authorizing Federal assistance to the States and localities in 
financing an expanded program of school construction to eliminate the national 
shortage of classrooms. Introduced by Rep. Kelley of Pa. ; referred to the Com- 
mittee of the Whole. 

The salient feature of this bill is the appropriation of $400,000,000 per year 
for the next four years for State Aid to education, as compared to less than 
$200,000,000. per year in the Administration bill. 

Recommendation to panel : To approve, with proviso as proposed by Cong. 
Powell, that an antisegregation rider be attached. 

H. R. 8859 : To amend the Public Health Service Act to provide an emergency 
five-year program of grants and scholarships for postgraduate education in the 
field of public health, and for other purposes. Introduced by Rep. Thompson ; 
referred to the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, Chairman, Rep. 

Recommendation to panel : To approve. 

H. R. 9658 : To provide for loans to enable needy and scholastically qualified 
students to continue post-high school education. Introduced by Rep. Perkins, 
referred to the Committee on Education and Labor, Chairman, Rep. Bardea. 

Recommendation to panel : To approve. 

Flood Control 

H. R. 8169 : To authorize construction of flood protection measures, particu- 
larly in areas where severe damage has recently occurred. Introduced by Rep. 
Thompson ; referred to Committee on Public Works, Chrm'n, Rep. Buckley. 

Recommendation to panel : To approve. 

H. R. 8663 : To amend the War Risk Insurance Act so as to provide relief 
for victims of disasters resulting from the forces of nature. Introduced by Rep. 
Celler ; referred to Committee on Interstate Commerce, Ch'mn, Rep. Priest. 

Recommendation to panel: To approve. 

S. 2857 : To provide for Federal procurement of materials and supplies in 
major disaster areas Introduced by Sen. Bush and others ; referred to Com- 
mittee on Banking, Chairman, Sen. Fulbright. 

Recommendation to panel : To approve. 

S. 2859 : To provide rent-free accommodations in certain Federally aided 
housing for needy victims of major disasters. Introduced by Sen. Bush and 
others; referred to the Committee on Banking, chairman. Sen. Fulbright. 

Recommendation to panel : To approve. 


H. R. 7973 and S. 3419 : To provide for the establishment of a Federal Advisory 
Commission on the Arts, and for other purposes. Introduced by Rep. Thomson, 
referred to the Committee on Education and Labor, chairman. Rep. Barden. 
Introduced in Senate by Sen. Lehman, referred to Committee on Education and 
Labor, chairman, Sen. Hill. 

Recommendation to panel : To approve. 

Exhibit No. 50F 

Conference for Legislation in the National Interest — Bills Before Congress 

panel: "the people's treasure" 

Social Security: 

H. R. 7981 : To amend the Social Security Act to provide a direct Federal 
pension of at least $100 per month to all American citizens who have been citizens 
ten years or over, to be prorated according to the cost of living as on January 
3, 1953. Introduced by Rep. Van Zandt referred to Committee on Ways and 
Means, chairman, Rep. Cooper. 

Recommendation to panel : To approve. 

H. R. 7985: To amend the Railroad Retirement Act so as to provide a 20% 
increase in widows' annuities. Introduced by Rep. Van Zandt; referred to 
Committee on Interstate Commerce. 

H. R. 9746: To reduce retirement age under Title II of the Social Security Act 
from 65 to 60 for men and 65 to 55 for women. Introduced by Rep. Dingell. 

H. R. 8582 : To provide coverage under the Federal old-age and survivors insur- 
ance system, as self-employed individuals, for individuals performing agricul- 


tural labor under share-farming arrangements and (in some eases) for the 
owners and tenants of the land on which such labor is performed. Introduced 
by Rep. Dorn. 

H. R. 6979 : To amend the Social Security Act to provide that, for the purpose 
of old-age and survivors insurance benefits, retirement age shall be 60 years. 
Introduced by Rep. Holtzman. 

H. R. 8468 : To amend Section 203 of the Social Security Act to increase the 
amount of out.side earnings permitted with(mt deductions from benefits, and to 
liberalize the provisions under which sucli earnings are charged for purposes of 
such deductions. Introduced by Rep. Hayworth. 

H. R. 8627: To amend Title II of the Social Security Act to provide that 
benefit checks and certain related materials sent through the mails shall not 
bear any markings which would reveal the nature of the recipient's entitlement 
or disentitlement to benefitsi under such title. Introduced by Rep. Flood. 

H. R. 9661 : To amend Title I of the Social Security Act to increase the amounts 
payable thereunder by the Federal Gov't to states having approved plans for 
old-age assistance. Introduced by Rep. Roosevelt. 

H. R. 7225: To amend Title II of the Social Security Act to provide disability 
insurance benefits for certain disabled individuals who have attained age 50, to 
reduce to age 62 the age on the basis of which benefits are payable to certain 
women, to provide for continuation of child's insurance benefits for children 
who are disabled before attaining age 18, to extend coverage. Referred to 
Committee on Finance. 

Recommendation to panel on all the above : To approve. All referred to "Ways 
and Means. 

H. R. 7894 : To amend Title II of the Social Security Act to prevent the pay- 
ment of any benefit thereunder to individuals who have been convicted of es- 
pionage or subversive activities. Introduced by Rep. Fino of the Bronx and 
Rep. Dorn of Brooklyn- 

Recommendation to panel: To oppose. Let Reps. Fino and Dorn hear from 
you ! 

Exhibit No. 50G 

Conference for Legislation in the National Interest — Bills in Congress 

PANEL : "the public TREASURE" 


H. R. 8946 : To establish an effective program to alleviate conditions of ex- 
cessive unemployment in certain economically depressed areas. Introduced by 
Rep. Holtzman (Queens, N. Y.) and others. Referred to Ways & Means Comm. 

Reconmiendation to panel : To approve. 

H. R. 5277 : Provides for $1.25 an hour minimum wage. Introduced by Rep. 
Holtzman ; referred to Committee on Education & Labor. 

Recommendation to panel : To approve. 

H. R. 7903 : To amend the Longshoremen's and Harbor Workers' Compensation 
Act, as amended, to provide increased benefits in case of disabling injuries. 
Introduced by Rep. (Mrs.) Green; referred to Committee on Education and 

II. R. 8830: To amend the Civil Service Retirement Act of 1930, to credit 
for retirement purposes the accumulated and accrued annual leave and unused 
sick leave of persons separated from the service with entitlement to immediate 
or deferred annuity. Introduced by Rep. Cretella ; referred to Committee on 
Post Office and Civil Service, Chairman, Rep. Murray. 

H. R. 9837 : To prohibit discrimination on account of sex in the payment of 
wages by employers having employees engaged in commerce or in the production 
of goods for commerce, and to provide procedures for assisting employees in 
collecting wages lost by reason of any such discrimination. Introduced by Rep. 
(Mrs.) Bolton: referred to Committee on Education & Labor. 

Recommendation to panel on the above bills : To approve. 


H. R. 9001 : To increase from $600 to $1,000 the income tax exemj)tion allowed 
a taxpayer for a dependent, and $1,S00 for a dependent child until said child 
reaches the age of 21 while attending any business school, college, or university. 
Introduced by Rep. Byrd. Referred to Committee on Ways & Means. 

Recommendation t<j panel : To approve. 


Exhibit No. 50H 


April 7, 1956, Manhattan Center 
panel: "the people's treasure — public SERVICE vs. PUBLIC plunder" 


The Meaning of Parity. — In 1933, Congress gave recognition to the parity con- 
cept by declaring that it was the policy of Congress : "to reestablish prices to 
farmers at a level that will give agricultural commodities a purchasing power 
with respect to articles that farmers buy equivalent to the purchasing power of 
agricultural commodities in the base period." For 17 years, up to 1950, the 
parity price of a commodity such as wheat, corn, etc., was computed simply by 
multiplying the average price received for the commodity in a fixed base period 
by the largest index of prices paid. The base period did not change. For about 
one-third of the commodities, the base period used was the 60 months between 
August 1909 and July 1914. For the remaining two-thirds, a post- World War I 
base period (1919-20, or portion thereof) was used. In more recent years. Con- 
gress has tinkered with methods in computing the "parity" price of farm com- 
modities, and a variety of terms have been coined — "new," "old," "Transitional" 
parity. (Anyone interested in a definition of these might write the U. S. Dept. of 
Agriculture, Wash., D. C, and ask for Information Bulletin No. 135.) 

Eisenhower promised to continue Federal price supports at 90 percent of 
Parity — so farmers understood. But shortly after his election, farmers began 
to hear about "flexible" supports. By "flexible" parity, the Administration means 
that instead of guaranteeing the farmers a price not less than 90 percent of 
parity, the level of support could be varied at the discretion of the Sec'y of 
Agriculture or on the basis of some arbitrary formula. The farmers have widely 
denounced this "flexible" maneuver. They point out, what is obviously true, that 
"parity" is a changing thing, that 90 percent of parity varies according to the 
prices paid and received by farmers, and that "flexible parity is actually a double- 

100 percent Parity is now a fighting slogan over many parts of the country. 
By it, farmers mean that they want 100 percent parity price support for all farm 
products groicn by small and family-size farms. This demand is endorsed by the 

Facts on Farmers. — Half of the farm families of the nation had a total money 
income of less than $1,752 in 1954, as compared to an average income of $4,173 for 
all families. ( U. S. Dept. Commerce. ) 

In 1955, per capita income of the farm population from all sources was $860 as 
compared with a nonf arm average of $1,922. ( U. S. Dept. Agric. ) 

"Corporation stockholders received more money from dividends in the second 
half of 1955 than all of the farmers in the country received from farming." ( Rep. 
Lester Johnson of Wisconsin, 3/22/56. ) 

Farm income for the year 1955 fell off more than one billion dollars from 1954. 
For the same period, corporate profits for 1,714 firms rose by 30.6 percent. 

Bills Pending 

H. R. 12 : Of the hundreds of bills on agriculture introduced in both Houses, 
the major one is H. R. 12, which is now in joint conference committee of both 
houses. While this bill is not as bad as the one originally proposed by the Admin- 
istration, it falls short of what the farmers want. 

Recommendation : Write your Congressman in support of the inclusion of a 
100-percent parity provision in this bill. 

S. 3092 : A bill to provide for the distribution of surplus food commodities to 
persons in the U. S. who are eligible for it, by the use of a Food Stamp Plan. 
( Introduced by Sen. Kef auver ; reported to the Committee on Agriculture. ) 

Recommendation to Panel : To approve. 


Exhibit No. 50-1 

Conference for Legislation in the National Interest 

panel: "integration or sexjregation" 

The most important issue now facing the American people is Civil Rights. 
The Supreme Court decision of May 17, 1954 desegregating the schools has 
brought into sharp focus the glaring discrimination against the Negro people. 
The right to vote, personal safety, equality of opportunity in jobs, as well as 
the right to education, are questions that must be squarely answered. Not since 
Reconstruction have the Negro people been so firmly united in the resolve to 
achieve freedom. The overwhelming majority of Americans, regardless of color 
or creed, are in sympathy with these demands. United action can break the 
Dixiecrat resistance and win first-class citizenship for the Negro people. 

Pending Bills 

Hundreds of bills have been introduced in Congress embodying one or another 
aspect of the Civil Rights program. Two of these bills have been reported out 
of a subcommittee of the Judiciary Committee and are now before the fnll 
Committee of the House. They are: H. R. 627, an Omnibus Civil Rights Bill, 
and H. R. 259, an anti-lynching bill — both introduced by Congressman Emanuel 
Celler and others. 

H. R. 627: 1. Establishes a Commission on Civil Rights under the Executive 
branch of the (Government ; 2. Provides for a Special Assistant Attorney General 
to be in charge of a Civil Rights Division of the Dept. of Justice ; 3. Establishes 
a Joint Committee on Civil Rights of seven members of the Senate and seven 
of the House with the responsibility of continuous study of matters relating to 
civil rights, and of holding hearings; 4. Establishes penalties for intimidating or 
injuring any person in the exercise of his Constitutional rights ; 5. Provides for 
civil suit to recover damages; 6. Includes among Federal rights: (a) The right 
to be immune from exactions of fine or deprivation of property without due 
process of law ; ( b ) The right to be immune from punishment for alleged criminal 
offense except after a fair trial; (c) The right to be immune from physical 
violence applied to exact testimony or compel confession; (d) The right to be 
free of illegal restraint of person; (e) The right to protection of i)erson and 
property without discrimination by reason of race, color, religion, or national 
origin ; (f ) The right to vote as protected by Federal law ; 7. Spells out the rights 
of political participation and provides for penalties for those interfering with 
that right ; 8. Prohibits discrimination and segregation in interstate transporta- 

Cong. Roosevelt of California and Brown-son of Indiana are circulating a 
Discharge Petition on this hill. 218 signatures of Congressmen are needed to 
bring the bill out for a vote before the House. The N. Y. Times pointedly said 
on March 22 : "Observers agreed that it would be politically difficult for many 
members to withhold their signatures in this election year." 

Recommendation to the panel : Get After Your Congressman Now to Sign the 
Discharge Petition ! 

H. R. 259 : 1. Outlaws any attempt to commit violence upon any person because 
of his race, color, religion, or national origin ; 2. Any person who wilfully insti- 
gates, incites, organizes, aids, abets, or commits a lynching by any means shall 
be subject to fine and imprisonment of not less than $1,000 and one year, and not 
more than $10,000 and ten years ; 3. Any peace officer who shall have neglected, 
refused, or wilfully failed to make diligent effort to prevent a lynching or to 
protect anybody under his custody shall be subject to $5,000 fine and five years 

Recommendation to the panel : Write to Cong. Emanuel Celler, Chairman 
of the House Judiciary Committee, for public hearings on this bill, and to report 
it out favorably for a vote on the floor of the House. 

Proposed Legislation 

Powell Amendment : Rep. Powell proposes to amend the Kelly Bill on Federal 
Aid to Education when it comes up for a vote in the House, to provide that no 
Federal funds shall be given to States or areas which do not comply with the 
Supreme Court decision on desegregation. He has on several occasions said 
that if Pre.sident Eisenhower would issue a declaration embodying this proposal, 


he would not press for an amendment. The President has repeatedly failed to 
do this. 

Recommendation to the panel : Write to Congressman urging public support 
for this amendment. 

Exhibit No. 50J 

Conference for Legislation in the National Interest 

PANEL : "integration or segregation" 

Excerpts from Speech by Sen. Lehman on Eastland in the U. S. Senate Mar. 2, 1956 

Mr. President, I cannot vote for the pending resolution naming the senior 
Senator from Mississippi to the chairmanship of the Judiciary Committee. I 
must ask that my vote be recorded in the negative. 

The act of electing the Senator from Mississippi chairman of the Judiciary 
Committee is an act of the Senate, under the rules, making him an agent of the 
Senate in carrying out the duties of Chairman of the Committee. That com- 
mittee handles and disposes of more than half the legislation that is submitted 
to the Senate. That committee handles most legislation dealing with civil rights 
and civil liberties. 

Rule 24 of the rules of the Senate plainly calls upon the Senate to elect its 
committee chairmen. The act of approving the designation of a particular person 
as chairman of a particular committee is an act of deliberation and is a conscious 
act of affirmation. 

There is a tradition of seniority. I am informed that it has been breached in 
the past on a number of occasions without destroying the tradition. In the case 
of the Senator from Mississippi, in relation to the chairmanship of the Judiciary 
Committee, I believe that his particular prejudices, views, and activities — to 
which he may be freely entitled as a private individual and as an American 
citizen — completely disqualify him from presiding as chairman of the Judiciary 

I certainly will not cast my vote, regardless of any tradition of the Senate, in 
favor of such a designation. 

The Senator from Mississippi has said on the floor of tlie Senate : "We will 
protect and maintain white supremacy throughout eternity." 

He has said on the floor of the Senate : "The Negro race is an inferior race." 

He has said on the floor of the Senate: "Let me say frankly that in my judg- 
nient the CIO and PAC are Communist organizations." 

He has said on the tloor of the Senate : "New York, for all practical purposes, 
is a Communist State." 

He has said on the floor of the Senate that the Supreme Court has become 
"indoctrinated and brain-washed by left-wing pressure groups." 

But the Senator from Mississippi has not confined him.self to speeches on the 
floor of the Senate and to press statements. He has joined in establishing organi- 
zations, and is a leader of organizations, whose purpose is to nullify pro- 
visions of the Constitution, as interpreted by the Supreme Court. 

He has joined in urging Southern States to declare them.selves in defiance of 
the Supreme Court decision, according to the N. Y. Times, Dec. 14, 19r>."). 

He has associated himself in a leadeiship role with the so-called White Citizens 
Councils whose purpose is to organize defiance to the Constitution of the U. S., 
as interpreted by the Supreme Court, and which have engaged in activities 
which I consider to be wholly un-American and dangerous to American 

I believe that Senator Eastland is a symbol of racism in America. 

I believe that Senator Eastland is a symbol of defiance to the Constitution 
of the U. S. as interpreted by the Supreme Court. 

I believe that Senator Eastland is precluded b.y philosoi)hy, conviction and 
activities from presiding over the Senate Judiciary Committee as chairman in 
an impartial way, and from discharging the agency of the Senate in that regard. 

I shall therefore vote the jtending resolution. 

panel : "integration or segregation" 

Remarks of Sen. Lehman on Pres. Eisenhower's Attitude to the Civil Rights 
Crisis and the Southern "Manifesto" in the U. S. Senate, Mar. 16, 1956 

Only yestei-day President Eisenhower spoke of moderation in this matter of 
civil rights. He warned against what he called extremists. Mr. President, I am 


for moderation. We are all for moderation. But what does moderation in this 
instance mean. And who does he identify as the extremists? 

Does he picture himself as a mediator between two contending factions, the 
rights and merits of whose respective positions he is unable to assess? In this 
situation, is he a neutralist? 

Mr. President, I am frankly not a neutralist here. I am a partisan, a partici- 
pating partisan. I identify myself with anybody and everybody who is suffering 
from discrimination. While they are suffering and are being denied their basic 
rights, I am not without pain, and I do not feel my rights to be secure. The 
extremists are those who deny the rule of law and defy the sanctity of law. I 
cannot stand above the battle, like Pres. Eisenhower, and say with fine impar- 
tiality that both sides must show restraint. 

Those who go about obeying the law in an orderly and practical manner are 
the moderates. Those who defy and resist the law are law violators, and are 
not to be judged in the same scale with those who suffer from the indignities 
of the violators of the law. 

What are the facts? The fact is that two years ago, the Supreme Court by 
unanimous vote, decided that segregation in the public schools was unconstitu- 
tional and specifically repugnant to the Fourteenth Amendment. This week there 
was read into the Congressional Record a Manifesto signed by 19 members of the 
Senate and 77 members of tho House on this subject. That action, that Manifesto 
by these of our colleagues cannot go unchallenged. Oh, I know that the Manifesto 
calls for the use of all "lawful" means to overturn the decision of the Supreme 
Court. But these words are in support of action in some States to defy the 
law and to prevent its enforcement. That is not lawful action. 

What is the substance of the situation? The substance is that a vast number 
of people in the Southern states were and are being denied the equal protection 
of the laws, and were being set apart and treated as pariahs in our society in 
access to nublic facilities supported by general taxes. Who can possibly justify 
the continuation, for one needless moment, of this intolerable discrimination, of 
this oppression? 

Do I hear it said, as it has been said, that this is not discrimination or oppres- 
sion? Who says that? It is not the Negro who says that. It is those who 
practise discrimination and oppression who deny its nature. I scarcely think 
that they are competent witnesses. 

What do our fellow Americans of darker skin say? Today they are crying out 
that it is discrimination, and it is oppression, and they can bear it no longer. 
They are the ones who feel pain and indignity, and they are the ones to say 
what it feels like and what its nature is. 

And their cry for equal justice — and no more than that — for the enforcement 
of the law — and no more than that — is echoed throughout the land by white and 
black, by the heart and conscience of America which knows no distinctions of 
race, creed, or color. I am convinced that the deep devotion of all our people, 
including those in the South, to the ways of democracy will prevail in the end. 

It .should be encouraging to all of us how much compliance there has already 
been with the Supreme Court decision. Of the 17 states and the Dist. of 
Columbia in which segregation was practiced in the public schools on the date 
of the decision in May 1954, five states and the Dist. of Columbia are already 
well along in the integration process ; more than one-fourth of all. Seven states 
are either divided internally as to what to do, or just engaged in watchful wait- 
ing, permitting, in some few cases, some school districts to go ahead and inte- 
grate. Five states are at this time actively resisting the Supeme Court decision — 
less than a fourth of the original total number. So in a .sense, we can see how 
the battle is going. It is only a small minority of the states which seek actively 
to defy the Constitution. 

Exhibit No. 50K 

"Dear Congressman" 

When you write your Representative, show him that you understand that he 
must act in the public interest. He wants to know what you think because it is 
his best gauge of public opinion. A well-considered letter is your most effective 
weapon for good government. 



1. It is introduced in either or both houses and assigned to the appropriate 

2. Public hearings are held by the committee. Let the committee hear from 

3. Executive sessions of the committee may "kill" or "bottle up" the bill 
(fail to report it) ; report it with or without amendments; draft a new bill and 
report that. 

4. If reported, debate may be held followed by a vote of the full house. Let 
your legislator hear from you. 

5. If passed by both houses but with major differences, a "conference com- 
mittee" must reconcile the bills which must then be repassed by both houses. 

6. When finally passed by both houses it is sent to the President who may sign 
or veto it. Let your Executive hear from you. 

7. It may be passed over a veto by a two-thirds vote in each of the two 
houses of the Congress. 


Each bill introduced is referred to the appropriate committee. Final pas- 
sage depends upon who introduced the bill, what groups favor it and how vig- 
orously they support it. 

The majority party of a house controls the majority and chairmanship of 
each committee. A legislative body seldom rejects the findings of its committees. 
A legislator's vote in connnittee is more important than his vote in the full leg- 
islative body. 

If a committee fails to issue a report, the bill can only be brought to the floor 
by a discharge petition. In the House of Representatives, 218 signatures of 
Congressmen are needed to discharge the bill from the committee. 


Address : 

The President, The White House, Washington, D. C. 
Senator John Doe, Senate Office Bldg., Washington, D. C. 
Hon. John Doe, House Office lildg., Washington, D. C. 
Salutation : My dear Mr. President, Dear Senator Doe, Dear Mr. Doe, or Dear 

SOME do's and DON'tS 

1. Avoid postcards — letters show more thought and interest. 

2. Write — do not wire unle.'^s time requires it. 

3. Write legibly — or use a typewriter. 

4. Limit your letter to ove subject. 

5. Give reasons for opinion. Don't scold, issue orders, threaten with your 

6. Be objective. Write on the basis of information, not rumor. 

7. Use letters to praise actions and bills as well as to condemn. 

8. Be original. Write your own letter. 

Note. — For more information about your legislators, send for "They Repre- 
sent You," issued by the League of Women Voters, 461 Fourth Ave., N. Y. C. 

Exhibit N'o. 50L 


Saturday, April 7. Manhattan Center 


C. D. and Conf/rcssnien 

4 — H. J. Latham : Rules Committee. 

5 — A. H. Bosch : Education and Labor Committee. 

6 — L. Holtzman : Armed Services Committee and Government Operations 


7 — J. J. Delaney : Rules Committee. 

8 — V. L. Anfuso : Agriculture Committee. 

9 — E. J. Keogh : Ways and Means Committee. 

10— E. F. Kelly : Foreign Affairs Comm. ; Subcomm. on State Dept. Org. & Fgn 

11 — E. Celler : Judiciary Comm., Chairman ; Subcomm. on Anti-trust ; Joint 
Committee on Immigration and Nationality. 

12 — F. E. Dorn : Merchant Marine & Fisheries Committee. 

13 — A. J. Multer : Banking & Currency Comm. Select Committee to conduct 
study & investigation of the problems of small business. 

14— J. J. Rooney : Approp. Comm. ; Subcomm.'s on Commerce, Foreign Opera- 
tions, and State-Justice-Judiciary. Democratic caucus, Chairman. 

15 — J. H. Ray : Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee. 

16 — A. C Powell : Education and I>abor Committee & Interior and Insular 
Aff. Comm. ; Subcommittees on : Irrigation and Reclamation, Territories and 
Insular Affairs, Mines and Mining. 

17 — F. R. Coudert : Approp. Comm. ; Subcomm's on General Gov't Matters ; 
State-Justice- Judiciary. 

18 — J. G. Donovan : Foreign Aff. Comm. ; Subcomm's on Nat'l Security and 

19 — A. G. Klein: District of Columbia Committee; Subcommittee on Public 
Utilities, Insurance & Banking, Chairman ; Interstate & Foreign Commerce 
Committee ; Subconnuittee on Commerce and Finance, Chairman. 

20 — I. D. Davidson : Judiciary Committee, Merchant Marine and Fisheries 

21 — H. Zelenko : Education and Labor Committee, Merchant Marine and 
Fisheries Committee. 

22~-J. C. Healey : . 

23 — I. Dollinger : Interstate and Foreign Commerce Committee. 

24 — C. A. Buckley : Public Works Committee, Chairman. 

25 — P. A. Fino : Veterans' Affairs Committee, Subcommittee on Compensation. 

Exhibit No. 50M 

Conference fob Legislation in the National Interest 

Saturday, April 7, Manhattan Center 


Committee of Agriculture : Chairman, Allen J. Ellender, La. ; Johnston, S. C. ; 
Holland, Fla. ; Eastland, Miss. ; Clements, Ky. ; Anderson, N. Mex. ; Humphrey, 
Minn. ; Scott, N. C. ; Aiken, Vt. ; Young, N. Dak. ; Thye, Minn. ; Hickenlooper, 
Iowa ; Mundt, S. Dak. ; Williams, Del. ; Schoeppel, Kans. 

Committee on Appropriations : Chairman, Carl Hayden, Ariz. ; Russell, Ga. ; 
Chavez, N. Mex. ; Ellender, La. ; Hill, Ala. ; McClellan, Ark. ; Robertson, Va. ; 
Magnuson, AVash. ; Holland, Fla. ; Stennis, Miss. ; Clements, Ky. ; Johnson, Tex. ; 
Bridges, N. H. ; Saltonstall, Mass. ; Young, N. Dak. ; Knowland, Calif. ; Thye, 
Minn. ; McCarthy, Wis. ; Mundt, S. Dak. ; Smith, Maine ; Dworshak, Idaho ; 
Dirksen, 111. ; Potter, Mich. 

Committee on Finance : Chairman, Harry F. Byrd, Va. ; George, Ga. : Kerr, 
Okla. ; Frear, Del. ; Long, La. ; Smathers, Fla. ; Barkley, Ky. ; Anderson, N. Mex. ; 
Millikin, Colo. ; Martin, Pa. ; Williams, Del. ; Flanders, Vt. ; Malone, Nev. ; 
Carlson, Kans. ; Bennett, Utah. 

Committee on Foreign Relations : Chairman, Walter F. George, Ga. ; Green, 
R. I. ; Fulbright, Ark. ; Sparkman, Ala. ; Humphrey, Minn. ; Mansfield, Mont. ; 
Barkley, Ky.; Wiley, Wis.; Smith, N. J.; Hickenlooi)er, Iowa; Langer, N. Dak.; 
Knowland, Calif. ; Aiken, Vt. ; Capehart, Ind. ; Morse, Oreg. 

Committee on the Judiciary : Chairman, James O. Eastland, Miss. ; Kefauver, 
Tenn. ; Johnston, S. C. ; Hennings, Mo. ; McClellan, Ark. ; Daniel, Tex. ; 
O'Mahoney, Wyo. ; Neely, W. Va. ; Wiley, Wis. ; Langer, N. Dak. ; Jenner, Ind. ; 
Watkins, Utah ; Dirksen, 111. ; Welker, Idaho ; Butler, Md. 

Committee on Labor and Public Welfare : Chairman, Lister Hill, Ala. ; Murray, 
Mont. ; Neely, AV. Va. ; Douglas, 111. ; Lehman, N. Y. ; Kennedy, Mass. ; McNamara, 
Mich. ; Smith, N. J. ; Ives, N. Y. ; Purtell, Conn. ; Goldwater, Ariz. ; Bender, Ohio ; 
AUott, Colo. 


Committee on Rules : Chairman, Theodore V. Green, R. I. ; Hayden, Ariz. ; Hen- 
nings. Mo. ; Gore, Tenn. ; Mansfield, Mont. ; Jenner, Ind. ; Barrett, Wyo. ; 
McCarthy, Wis. ; Curtis, Nebr. 


Irving M. Ives : 

Banking and Currency 

Subcommittee on Banking 

Subcommittee on Securities 

Subcommittee on Housing 

Subcommittee on Small Business 

Labor and Public Welfare 

Subcommittee on Education 

Special Subcommittee To Investigate Employee Funds 

Alexander Hamilton Bicentennial Commission 
Herbert H. Lehman : 

Banking and Currency 

Subcommittee on Securities, Chairman 

Subcommittee on International Finance 

Subcommittee on Housing 

Subconunittee on Small Business 

Labor and Public Welfare 

Subcommittee on Veterans' Affairs, Chairman 

Subcommittee on Health 

Subcommittee on Railroad Retirement 

Special Subcommittee To Investigate Unemployment 

Exhibit No. SON 

Conference for Legislation in the National Interest 

Saturday, April 7, Manhattan Center, N. Y. 

key standing committees of the house, 84TH CONGRESS 

Agriculture : Chairman, Harold D. Cooley, N. C. ; Poage. Tex. ; Grant, Ala. : 
Gathings, Ark. ; McMillan. S. C. : Abernethy, Miss. ; Albert, Okla. ; Abbitt, W. Va. ; 
Polk, Ohio ; Thompson, Tex. : Jones, Mo. ; Watts, Ky. : Hagen, Cal. ; Johnson, 
Wis. ; Anfuso, N. Y. ; Bass, Tenn. ; Knutson, Minn. ; Jennings, Va. ; Mathews. 
Fla. ; Hope, Kan. ; Andresen, Minn. ; Hill, Colo. ; Hoeven, Iowa : Simpson, 111. ; 
Dague, Pa. ; Harvey, Ind. : Lovre, S. D. ; Belcher, Okla. ; Mclntire, Me. ; Williams, 
N. Y. : King. Pa. ; Harrison, Neb. ; Laird, Wis. ; Dixon, Utah. ; Farrington, Ha- 
waii ; Bartlett, Alaska ; Fernos-Isern, Puerto Rico. 

Appropriations : Chairman, Clarence Cannon, Mo. ; Mahon, Tex. ; Sheppard, 
Cal. ; Gary, Va. : Thomas, Tex. ; Kirwan, Ohio ; Norell, Ark. ; Whitten, Miss. ; 
Andrews, Ala. : Rooney, N. Y. ; Fogarty, R. I. ; Sikes, Fla. ; Fernandez, N. M. ; 
Preston, Ga. ; Passman, La. ; Rabaut, Mich. ; Yates, 111. ; Marshall, Minn. ; Riley, 
S. C. ; Sieminski, N. J. ; Evins, Tex. ; Lanham, Ga. ; Deane, N. C. ; Shelley, Cal. ; 
Boland, Mass. ; Magnuson, Wash. ; Natcher, Ky. ; Flood, Pa. ; Denton, Ind. ; 
Murray, 111. ; Taber, N. Y. ; V/igglesworth, Mass« ; Jensen, Iowa ; Andersen, Minn. ; 
Horan, Wash. ; Canfield, N. J. ; Fenton, Pa. ; Phillips, Cal. ; Davis, Wis. ; Scriv- 
ner, Kan. ; Coudert, N. Y. ; Clevenger, Ohio ; Wilson, Ind. James, Pa. ; Ford, 
Mich. ; Miller, Md. ; Vursell, 111. ; Hand. N. J. ; O.stertag, N. Y. ; Bow, Ohio. 

Education & Labor: Chairman, Graham Barden ; Kelley, Pa.; Powell, N. Y. ; 
Bailey, W. Va. ; Perkins, Ky. ; Wier, Minn. ; Elliott, Ala. ; Landrum, Ga. ; Met- 
cali, Mont. ; Bowler, 111. : Chudoff, Pa. ; Green, Ore. ; Roosevelt, Cal. ; Zelenko, 
N. Y. ; McDowell, Del : : Thompson, N. J. ; Udall, Ariz. ; McConnell, Pa. ; Gwinn, 
N. Y. ; Smith, Kan. ; Kearns, Pa. ; Velde, 111. ; Hoffman, Mich. ; Bosch, N. Y. ; 
Holt, Cal. ; Rhodes, Ariz. ; Wainwright, N. Y. ; Freylinghuysen, N. J. ; Coon, 
Ore. ; Fjare, Mont. 

Foreign Affairs : Chairman, James P. Richards ; Gordon, 111. ; Morgan, Pa. ; 
Carnahan, Mo. ; Chatham, N. C. ; Zablocki, Wis. ; Burle.son, Tex. ; Hays, Ark. ; 
Kelly, N. Y. ; Dodd, Conn. ; Hays. Ohio ; Donovan, N. Y. : Jarman, Okla. ; Byrd, 
W. Va. : Selden, Ala.; Pitcher, Ga. ; Williams, N. J.; Chiperfield, 111.; Vorys, 
Ohio ; Bolton, Ohio ; Smith, Wis. ; Merrow, N. H. ; Judd, Minn. ; Fulton, Pa. ; 
Jackson, Cal. ; LeCompte, Iowa ; Radwan, N. Y. ; Morano, Conn. ; Church, 111. ; 
Adair, Ind. ; Prouty, Vermont ; Bentley, Mich. 


Judiciary : Chairman, Emanuel Celler, N. Y. ; Walter, Pa. ; Lane, Mass. ; 
Feighan, Ohio: Chelf, Ky. ; Willis, La.; Frazier, Tenn. ; Ro<lino, N. J.; Jones, 
N. C. ; Forrester, Ga. ; Rogers, Colo. : Donohue, Mass. Brooks, Tex. ; Tuck, Va. ; 
Ashmore, S. C. ; Quigley. Pa. ; Boyle, 111. : Reed, 111. ; Keating, N. Y. ; McCuUoch, 
Ohio; Thompson, Mich. ; Hillings, Cal. ; Crumpacker, Ind. ; Miller, N. Y. ; Taylor, 
N. Y. ; Burdick, N. D. ; Curtis, Mass. ; Robsion, Ky. ; Hyde, Md. ; Poff, Va. ; Scott, 
Pa. ; Irwin D. Davidson, N. Y. 

Rules : Chairman. Howard W. Smith. Va. ; Colmer, Miss. ; Madden, Ind. ; De- 
laney, N. Y. ; Trimble, Ark. ; Thornberry, Tex. ; Boiling, Mo. ; O'Neill, Mass. ; 
Allen, 111. ; Brown, Ohio ; Ellsworth, Ore. ; Latham, N. Y. 

Ways and Means : Chairman, Jere Cooper, Tenn. ; Mills, Ark. ; Gregory, Ky. ; 
Forand, R. I. ; Eberharter, Pa. ; King, Cal. ; O'Brien, 111. ; Boggs, La. ; Keogh, 
N. Y. ; Harrison, Va. ; Karsten, Mo. ; Herlong, Fla. McCarthy, Minn. ; Ikard, Tex. ; 
Reed, N. Y. ; Jenkins, Ohio ; Simpson, Pa. ; Kean, N. J. ; Mason, 111. ; Holmes, 
Wash. ; Byrnes, Wis. ; Sadlak, Conn. ; Baker, Tenn. ; Curtis, Mo. 

Exhibit No. 51 

Conference for Legislation in the National Interest 

Saturday, Apr. 7, Manhattan Center 

panel: "the sovereign citizen" 

Memo on the Walter-McCarran Act 

Public Law 414, commonly referred to as the Walter-McCarran Act. became 
the law of the land on June 27, 1952. 

On the eve of enactment, the French liner "Liberte" docked in New York 
harbor and the crew was not permitted ashore since they had refused to answer 
questions about their political associations and affiliations. The French Cham- 
ber of Deputies was considering a retaliatory resolution of denunciation, till 
mounting pressure forced a relaxation of questions. 

The storm of national and international criticism of the Law since its enact- 
ment has consistently swelled. An idea of the national organizations opposed 
to the Law can be gleaned from the attached folder. 

During the Presidential election campaign in 1952, both Eisenhower and 
Stevenson made a big issue of the Law and pledged to work for its drastic revi- 
sion. After inauguration, President Eisenhower did submit a 10-point program 
which Congress ignored, and on Feb. 8, 1956, in a message to Congress he made 
a major pronouncement purporting to ease the Law. (N. Y. Times, 2-9-56). 
He dealt with immigration at great length and made many proposals: basing 
quotas on 1950 cen.sus ; easing fingerprinting requirements ; preferential status 
to certain individuals ; unused quotas of one year carried to the next, etc. But 
seriously lacking was any revision of the deportation, denaturalization and reg- 
istration provisions of the Law. In short, the only proposal as far as the 14 
million foreign born in this land are concerned, was to limit the judicial review 
of those who fell victim to the Law. 

In effect, what the President proposed was to further curb the rights of the 
foreign-born at a time when those rights need to be safeguarded and extended. 

Today, more than fifty bills are pending in the House and Senate Judiciary 
Committees for revision or repeal of the Walter-McCarran Law. The late Sen. 
Kilgore called public hearings on the Law last November — the first since its 
enactment — but with the ascension of Sen. Eastland to Chairmanship of the 
Senate Judiciary Committee, hopes of Senate action during this session were 
.severely set back. The picture in the House is similar, in that Rep. Walter, 
co-sponsor of the Law, is Chairman of the Immigration and Naturalization 
sub-Committee of the House Judiciary Committee. 

The most positive act in the House to force a bill to the floor was the circula- 
tion of a Discharge Petition by Rep. Anfuso (D. Brooklyn) to bring 
his bill H. R. 501 out of Walter's hands and to the floor for a vote. Signatures 
to the Petition have been slow in coming, but at last reports, the number had 
increased. Rep. Anfuso's bill is similar to the Lehman-Celler bill which died 
in the Slst Congress. 

Actio7i. — The most positive approach at the moment would be a legislative cam- 
paign urging all Congressmen to sign Rep. Anfuso's Discharge Petition to bring 
H. R. 501 to the floor for a vote. 

85333 O— 57 — pt. 2 8 



Exhibit No. 52A 

Will you sign the petition below and return it to 

As long as the Smith Act remains a law in the 
United States our citizens will not be free as they 
once were to speak their beliefs and to associate 
freely. We call upon you to return our government 
to the American principle of respect for the indi- 
vidual and his freedom of speech and association. 
We urge you to repeal the Smith Act. 

Date Address 


. Zone State 

The Emergency Civil Liberties Committee is dis- 
tributing the above petition and this pamphlet as 
a part of our educational program. If you would 
like to help us in this distribution we will welcome 
your contribution. 

The Emergency Civil Liberties Committee 
421 Seventh Avenue, New York 1, N. Y. 

Harvey O'Connor 1 

Elinor Ferry Kirstein 

Chairman i 


Corliss Lamont i 

Clark Foreman. 

Vice Chairman 


Andrew Weinberger 

Leonard B. Boudin 

Treasurer ' 

General Counsel 

rj 1 enclose -.a; 

s ccintribulioii to the work 

of the E.C.L.C. 

1^ Please send me 

additional copies uf 

the pamphlet on 

the Smith Act. 


n 10^ for 1 copy 

n $7 for 100 copies 

□ $1 for 12 copies 

□ $2.S for 500 copies 

^ $4 for .50 copies 

n $40 for 1.000 copies 

.Name . 


Zone State... 








First Printing t^afch 28, I954. 



Exhibit No. 52B 

It was the job of the mformerS^t'o "prove" that the 
words of the defendants — -which did not advocate 
"force and violence" — actually meant something 
other than what they said. 

Chief among the informers was ex-CommunisI 
Louis Budenz, who produced the concept of "the 
Aesopian Language of V. 1. Lenin." Thus the in- 
formers charged that the words of the defendant? 
were "Aesopian language" and had hidden sinister 
meanings. In short, the defendants were prosecuted 
not for what they said, but for what someone said 
they really meant. This truly fabulous line of argu- 
ment reads like a page from the topsy-turvy world 
of "Alice in Wonderland," not the proceedings of 
a court of law in the United States. 

Judge Harold R. Medina instructed the jury that 
it could find the Communists guilty not because of 
what they taught but because of their purpose in 
teaching it, that is, the "intent" to overthrow the 
Government. Later, reviewing Medina's theory, Su- 
preme Court Justice Douglas termed this a danger- 
ous doctrine. He said it means that "the crime then 
depends not on what is taught but on who the 
teacher is. That is to make freedom of speech turn 
not on what is said, but on the intent with which 
it is said. Once we start down that road we enter 
territory dangerous to the liberties of every citi- 

There are many pitfalls in the use of informers' 
testimony. First, the informers themselves appear 
til be unreliable. Their testimony is often self- 
rontradictory. The affair of Harvey Matusow. who 
confessed to a whole series of lies, shows the danger 
(if accepting the word of the FBI's paid informers. 

Matusow. speaking of his part as a witness in tlie 
second Smith Act trial against Communist leaders, 
later revealed: 

'''Pari of my task as a witness was to con- 
vince the jury that when they said one 
thing they meant another. One might say, 
surely the Government'' s case was stronger 
than that. But it wasn't. It depended also 
upon outside forces, such as McCarthy and 
the Cold War atmosphere." 

Again, Matusow confessed : 

"I went on to twist (Communist leader 
Pettis) Perry's remarks about building a 
stronger newspaper, a stronger Commu- 
nist Party, into remarks of violence. Perry 
actually had spoken about ending discrimi- 
nation against the ISegro people, he him- 
self being a ISegro. I turned this into a sin- 
ister plot of the Communists. . . ." 

Second, the prosecution made little or no at- 
tempt to prove that the defendants understood or 
interpreted the Marxist books as advocating "force 

and violence." Many of the books were written un- 
der tyrannical conditions, such as those of CzarisI 
Russia. As the Supreme Court noted earlier, in 
1943. when it reversed the denaturalization of 
Communist official William Schneiderman : 

"Political writings are often over-exaggerated 

polemics bearing the imprint of the period and 

place in which written." 

Third, because the number of books introduced 
as evidence was so great, it would take months 
to read them, years to understand them. It may 
be safely inferred that the jurors decided on the 
nature of Communist theory not by full study of 
the Looks themselves, but either on prejudice or on 
the biased testimony of paid informers. 

The decision of the jury was not suprising in 
the circumstances. Prospective jurors had been 
asked such intimidating questions as "What or- 
ganizations have you belonged to?" and "Has any 
of these organizations ever made any 'expressions' 
of advocacy or of friendliness to Communism in 

At least one juror was virulently anti-Commu- 
nist and openly explained during the course of the 
trial: "These God-damn Coirmiunists! If anyone 
ever mentions Marxism-Leninism to me, I'll knock 
his block off." This was the atmosphere in which a 
verdict of guiltv was handed down. 


In 1951 the Supreme Court upheld the Con- 
stitutional validity of the Smith Act by a vole of 
six-to-two. However, the dissenting opinions of 
Justices Douglas and Black were in strong protest, 
and in the country at large a sharp and question- 
ing protest was voiced. 

The New York Times called the decision "one 
of the most momentous in the recent history of the 
tribunal." it continued: 

"The Court has given the Department of Jus- 
tice a long-awaited green light to go after sus- 
pected groups and individuals. . . . This undo- 
ing oj the Communist Party has been achieved 
only by a violent upheaval in our judicial con- 
cepts. The disenjranchisement oj a political party 
is not an easy price for Americans to pay for any 
sort oj security." (June 10, 1951) 
Justice Black in his dissent declared: 

"I want to emphasize what the crime involved in 


Exhibit No. 53 
[Daily Worker, March 19, 1956] 

Legislative Conference Called by 46 Notables 

A Conference for legislation in the National Interest will be held in Manhattan 
Center, April 7, it was announced yesterday by the sponsoring committee of 46 
distinguished citizens. 

The conference will focus attention on the failure of Congress to act in the 
interest of the people. 

"Too many Americans," the committee declared, "accept as normal the fact 
that members of are the private brokers of big business rather than 
the servants of all the people. We tend to forget how quickly legislators! re- 
sponded in the past to the pressures of a determined citizenry." 

Chairman of the sponsoring committee is Angus Cameron, publisher. The 
secretary is Albert L. CoUoms, attorney. 

In addition to a program of action on specific proposals, the conference is 
expected to set up a Watchdog Committee for Legislation in the National Interest. 

A partial list of sponsors follows : 

Rev. Lee H. Ball ; Carleton Beals, author ; Prof. Shepard B. Clough : Prof. 
Ephraim : Dr. W. E. B. DuBois ; Arnaud D'Usseau, playwright ; Prof. 
Henry Pratt Fairchild ; Simon Federman, businessman ; Rev. Kenneth Ripley 
Forbes; Milton H. Friedman, attorney; Dr. Ralph H. Gundlach, psychotherapist; 
Dr. Joseph B. Furst, psychiatrist ; Dashiell Hammett, author ; I'eter K. Hawley, 
State Chairman, ALP; Robert W. Justice, chairman, Harlem Affairs Committee; 
Rockwell Kent ; Al Kuchler, Northeastern Farmers Union ; Florence H. Luscomb ; 
Clifford T. McAvoy ; John T. McManus, National Guardian ; Eve Merriam, poet ; 
Prof. Philip Morrison, physicist; Harvey O'Connor, writer; Cyril Philip, busi- 
nessman; A'^ictor Rabinowitz, attorney; Anton Refregier, artist; Bertha C. Rey- 
nolds, social worker ; Dr. Bernard F. Riess, psychotherapist ; Rev. Pablo Rodri- 
guez ; Prof. Theodor Rosebury ; Rose V. Russell, Teachers Union ; Dr. Frank J. 
Slater, physician ; Rev. Wayne White ; Henry Willcox, engineer ; Dr. Hyman 
Willinger, psychiatrist ; and Benjamin M. Zelman, attorney. 


Exhibit No. 54 
[Daily Worker, April 6. 1956] 

Wisconsin Lesson 

From an overall viewpoint, the Wisconsin primary results would seem to show 
that Pre.sident Eisenhower's reelection is not as snugly in the bag as the moguls 
of public opinion would have us believe. 

The farm crisis is having profound anti-Republican effects in the midwest 
belt, and this can be decisive in a national election. But, as far as we can judge 
from this distance, it looks as if there was a shift among the Negro people and 
workers in Eisenhower's direction. 

If so, the reasons are not hard to find. In Congress, the Southern Democratic 
bloc is riding high and is shaping its party's actions, or lack of them, on civil 
rights. Except for a scattering of valiant voices among Northern Democratic 
liberals, the dominant tendency in that party is one of appeasement of the racists 
in the name of "party unity." 

President Eisenhower and his administration bear the major responsibility 
for failure to enforce the desegregation law and to press for a civil right® pro- 
gram in Congress. But the capitulation of the Democratic national leadership 
to its Southern racist bloc tends to shield Eisenhower from the political conse- 
quences of his inaction. 

The Wiscon.sin primary results .should make it clear to the Democratic politi- 
cians of the North that they face a substantial loss of their base among workers 
and Negro people if they persist in playing footsie with the racists on this his- 
toric issue. 

Sen. Estes Kefauver seems to be one of the few Democratic politicians aware 
of this, and he has talked in forthright fashion. But neither he nor any other 
Democratic standard-bearer will be able to overcome the weight of Democratic 
l)aralysis on civil rights legislation in Congress. 

The inability or unwillingness of the liberal, pro-labor Congressional Demo- 
cratic elements to battle aggressively as regards other major social measures — 
housing, schools, elimination of provisions for state "right-to-work" lawsi in 
Taft-Hartley, social security expansion — also tends to strengthen Eisenhower's 
political position among workers. 

Above all. Eisenhower's popularity still rests mainly on the issue of peace. 
Here, too, the Democratic leadership in Congress has been startlingly ready to 
provide material for posters showing him holding the dove. 

Congress goes back into session next week, after an Easter recess. Should a 
spirited struggle be waged for civil rights, disarmament, economic aid to un- 
developed lands as against military aid, housing, health, social security expan- 
sion, and labor's rights, Eisenhower's true role as front man for reactionary 
finance capital will be the more clearly exposed and concessions wrested for the 

But this can happen only if the people are in motion. In this connection, the 
conference tomorrow for Legislation in the National Interest at Manhattan Cen- 
ter is significant. It should be well attended. 



Exhibit No. 55A 



Exhibit No. 55B 

Pnoff f ta m 

Saturday. August 31st 
Sunday. September 1st 

REGISTRATION: ContimKHit from «:00 p.m.. Friday, Avqiitt 30tli 
Mireiiqli 12 noon Sunday, September 1st. 

Allemoon 2:30 p.m. Business Session. Election oi Committ*** 

Evening 8:00 p-m. MASS MEETING 

Morning 8:30 ajn. Invocation and Religious Service 
9:30 a.m. On tatorsltip or Demotracy 

How war aiiects liie. liberty and the pursuit 
of happiness in America 

AHemoon 2:30 p.m. Hou lo Keep Amfrita Out of War 

A discussion of our foreign policy 

Evening 8:00 p.m. Discussion and Adoption of Committee Reports 
Monday. September 2nd Morning 9:00 a.m. Stale and Regional Delegation Meetings 

Afternoon 2:30 pjn. Mobilizing America for Pemcc 

llmitM Usfins) 


Wa«b>D9too D C 


I .J. II,' Tka Aaxncom CuatdKn OklakoDxi 


BiasoD Indioao 


H*Tnol(i»burq Ohio 


You Divmiiy Sthool 
idif.i', ]oiiioal ol flalifioui Educaboti 

r.,..4,'i. Milwsukx SlaU T>eck«i • Coll* 


I'frnjfffi. r«d«rattoe ol A/cbilocti Digioo* 


()..,.-.,.» Am.ncoo Consuttx lor D.n 


I J,,,;. Th. Ckicovo Doloadoi 


Union 1h*oIo9tcot Svtmoory 


M*iv)b*r et CooQfv&s 

B. I. Mccarty, 

>,-.'.>«>> /„«•■'«', iBUraohoaol Woodwe 


I J,,,., Vouor Muc 

REV lAMEs w Mcknight. 

Fort Woyeo Indiaoa 


Inlollocluol Trodom 

E. C. d* BRAIE, 

P' WisconsiA Fodotahos ol Toochora 


{^.<o> rornon Uuos Now> ol Moalaim 


Lo< Aaaolo Cohlomo 


Or.- „t ikr s.h.^.l of K,l,gm^. Uu^o.wfT ol Oklnkma 


fa«-<Mli>* \r.'rl0ri LvSfU* ol YoUOg S«ulh«T««n 


H«bt«w Unioa Coltvy*. CiacuiBati 


fjr^.J^-i. Noiiooa) Monlimo Uajo* 


(k.„^.. Noiroool laduslTiot Aaoomblr T W C.A. 


i^.'rt*'-, /'««•>. rr, Uoilod Doctrtcol Rodio aad Maclua* 
Wofhora ol Amanca 



r„..J,n, Aaaociolad Farw WoBan ol tonaoa 


A-.r^Jr-i Co Oparona. School lo, Taochara 


f.r..dr,/. Chn. ion Youlb Council ol M.rik A-atica 


Non».ol A«ociol.o. lo, ,ha Adanca...! .1 Co4« 





Calilomia Stat* Giasq* 


Natioea) Bu«ui*m and Ptol«»«ia«aa Wootvi 


Y W C A 

ophy Dvpoftm*, 


Couaty oad Muatcipal Wark*n «l 


H.„., Iha Soulhaf« Naoa AliMaac 


Alabama Farmers Union 


^•r.a'f.f \..>.ftf.,. Amaiicao Aaaociolioa o! School* ol 
Sonol Work 


^•t .'rf. .>r Sludaal Boofd Coluaahto Uoivaraity 


l>... „l H...... taoaall Colla«a CraaoatiMo N C, 


1 «...».. Dalroil Ciail Righta FadaroUoo 

HOWARD 'lee 


/■.. ..J. -. TranapoM Work,™ U0.00 ol Aroanco 




/'..., J. «r Mma Mill and Smallai Workara Uaioa 


Moiamaol ""*'' *'"'""'°"' "•»•<>" Sludaol Ckna«« 



(,.,.r... \.,.,.«, Soulkai 


Norman Oklokon 


Nagte Toutk Co«9to 

CoolaraAca lo« Huno 



Nrw York Um.ata.lT 


Aitiaricon Naarapopar Guild 


,._.. No 


. Co...... 

rt«i« lii4ii\imoh %l^m»4 J* f«r»)|r ^rtomml c«p«cl««*i. Ikmir »r%m»itm*\»n ar* tM94 fur H»iiti*cmtt»» •mlf. 


Exhibit No. 56 

[Dally Worker, New York, Wednesday, October 9, 1940] 

A. S. U. Calls Rally To Protest to Butler 


Rep. Vito Marcantonio (N. Y., ALP) will address an academic freedom 
rally of Columbia University students tomorrow noon on the University's South 
Field, it was announced by the Columbia chapter of the American Student Union, 
sponsors of the rally. 

The open-air meeting has been called as a protest against President Nicholas 
Murray Butler's recent warning that dissension with the university's official 
policy on the European war would not be allowed on the campus. 

The rally will be the first of its kind since Columbia classes began the semester 
and has been timed to coincide with nationwide peace demonstrations sponsored 
on 110 other campuses by the American Student Union. 

Nine other New York City campuses will be involved in the Thursday noon 
actions, called as part of the national student "Walkout on War." Trade union 
officers and local liberals addressing the meetings along with local campus figures 
are : Rep. Marcantonio and Louis Burnham, Youth chairman. National Negro 
Congress (CCNY Uptown Day) ; Arthur Osman, president, Local 65, United 
Wholesale and Warehouse Employes (CCNY Uptown P]vening) ; Morris Watson, 
international vice president, American Newspaper Guild (CCNY Downtown 
Day) ; Thomas Jones, chairman. New York Youth Congress (CCNY Downtown 
Evening) ; George Murphy, publicity director, National Association for the 
Advancement of Colored People (Hunter College) ; Rev. James Robinson, Youth 
director, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (Brooklyn 
Evening) ; Rabbi Moses Miller, chairman, Jewish People's Committee, and 
Jessica Scott, director, Ashland Place YWCA (Brooklyn Day) ; Abbet Simon, 
legislative representative, American Youth Congress (Queens College). 

More than 100,000 students are expected to participate in all parts of the 
nation. Student Union officers declared. 

Exhibit No. 57 

[Dally Worker, New York, Monday, September 16, 1940] 

Negro Leaders Protest Attacks Against Communist Candidates 

A group of distinguished Negroes, including Paul Robeson, Richard Wright, 
Arthur Huff Fauset, Aaron Douglas, warned today of the danger confronting 
the 12,000,000 Negroes in the United States in the increasing attacks against 
racial, political, religious and other minority groups, and protested against 
interference with the right of a minority Party, the Communist Party, to a 
[ilace on the ballot. 

Defending the electoral rights of the Communist Party, they pointed out, 
does not commit them to support the Communist Party or its candidates. 

"We deem it an ill omen for the entire American people that attacks are in- 
creasing against racial, political, religious and other minority groups," the 
statement read in part. 

"We know that when any minority is deprived of its democratic rights, it is 
particularly a threat to the largest single minority group in the country, the 
twelve million Negro Americans." 

The leading Negroes in various fields of endeavor point out that their people 
especially have been victims of a terror, depriving them of their political rights 
under the 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments to the Constitution, and that, in the 
South today, four million out of the nine million Negroes are disfranchised, 
through poll tax, "white primary" and various other restrictions. 

"In these days of war and heightened reaction, we are wholeheartedly con- 
cerned in defending our democratic institutions and in keeping our country at 
peace. For this reason we are profoundly disturbed over the war hysteria which 
is jeopardizing constitutional liberties. 


"These attacks against the ballot rights of the Communist Party — the largest 
minority Party — are all the more alarming because the Communist Party is 
legal under Federal laws, as well as under the laws of the respective States. It 
represents a point of view, as do other political parties, which the American 
people are entitled to hear and decide for themselves," the statement goes on 
to say. 

Since the Communist Party is the only Party with a Negro as a national 
candidate, it also threatens directly the Negro people and their right to hold 
a public office, they add. 

"We cannot help believing that interference with the lawful election rights 
of the Communist Party," the statement reads, "would be utilized by those who 
would like to prevent all Negroes from holding office, irrespective of party affilia- 

The statement calls upon all Americans "to speak out for free constitutional 
elections in accordance with the democratic traditions of our country," and 
states that "in urging the lawful rights of the Communist Party to the ballot, 
we are raising our voice for the liberation of all Americans regardless of their 
political inclinations." 

The statement was signed by : 

Paul Robeson, internationally famous Negro actor-singer. New York. 

Arthur Huff Fauset, distinguished educator and historian, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Aaron Douglas, noted artist and mural painter, New York. 

Max Yergan, director of the International Committee on African AiTairs, and 
president of National Negro Congress, New York. 

Richard Wright, novelist and author of best-seller "Native Son," New York. 

Doxey Wilkerson, educator. New York. 

Hope R. Stevens, New York attorney and West Indian leader. 

John P. Davis, National Secretary of the National Negro Congress, Washing- 
ton, D. C. 

George B. Murphy, Jr., Director of Publicity of the National Association for 
the Advancement of Colored People, New York. 

Marc Moreland, Ph.D., Journalist, New York. 

Dr. Richard M. Carey, Physician, New York. 

Dr. Ferdinand Forbes, New York. 

Dr. Arnold Donawa, prominent community leader. New York. 

Joseph L. Pierce, Special Representative, North Carolina Insurance Company, 
Washington, D. C. 

Attorney John S. R. Bourne. Chairman, Eastern New England Congress for 
Equal Opportunities, Boston, Mass. 

William Harrison, Executive Secretary, Eastern New England Congress for 
Equal Opportunities, Boston, Mass. 

Dr. J. J. Jones, Physician, New York. 

(The persons who sign this statement do so in their individual capacities. 
The names of their organizations are given solely for the purpose of identifica- 


Exhibit No. 58A 

[Dally Worker, New York, Wednesday, March 5, 1941] 

Text of Statement in Defense of Communist Party 

FMotdng U the fuU sUtiement 
of 4S0 leading figures in America 
urging/ the Prendent and con- 
ffrut to uphold the Constitutional 
tiiffhtt Of the Communist Party of 
the united States: 
*^ the President and Congress of 
the United Stat^: 

••We bring to your attention a 
.matter of vital significance to the 
future of our nation. It is the at- 
titude of our government toward 
the Communist Party. 

"In the recent election the Com- 
munist Party was ruled off the 
ballot, either by executive decision 
or ccurt action, in fifteen states. 
In several of these states many 
persons have been indicted for 
exercising their legal right to sign 
a nominating petition. In some 
cases thte action was preceded by 
intimidating publication of the 
names of petition signers and by 
terroristic pressure of organized 
groups. In West Virginia the 
Communist candidate for govcm:r 
was sentenced to from six to fif- 
teen years imprisonment on the 
charge of misrepresentaticm in 
Mcuring petition signatures, the 
one specific count in the indict- 
m«it being that he had said the 
Communiste wanted to put a Ne- 
gro In the White House. On sim- 
ilar but less fantastic grounds, 
wholesale indictments against 
Communists have been returned 
in Pennsylvania. 


"In Oklah:n|a two young men 
have been sentenced to ten years 
in prison and to 15 ,000 fine under 
a state law which forbids advocacy 
of the violent overthrow of Uie 
government, one without proof of 
anything except membership in 
the Communist Party, the other 
witdiout pro:f of anything except 
poasesslcm ot Communist litera- 
ture. California has passed a 
law forbidding tJie organl)»tl<m 


h? use of that word. Congress 
as passed and the President ha; 
/signed a law which deprives Com- 
munists of the right to work on 
WPA. A law now pending In Con- 
gress wculd deprive Communists 
of the right to work ia defense 

"Such undemocratic legislation 
has been encouraged by recent 
statements from government offi- 
cials in Washington. The real 
issues in Industrial disputes have 
been obscured by reference to 
Communist infiuence. An official 
whose duty in the matter is lim- 
ited to investigation has en- 
croached upon legislative and 
Judicial authority, by ihfcrming 
the nation through the press that 
the Conununlst Party *do« advo- 
**?!* the violent ov^throw Of Ihe 
governmrnf and that while it is 
not his province to say that the 
Party should be outl&wed never- 
theless 'investigation is tanta- 
mount to outlawry .' 

"This ocurse of evaits leads to- 
ward an attempt nationally to 
outlaw the Communist Party, 
either directly or by a general for- 
mula which can be used for that 
purpose by strained judicial In- 
terpret a tion. just as the phrajse 
'force and violence' in state crim- 
inal syndicalism laws has for years 
b*en ated l-i deprive wng* earners 
of the right to organize. 


"We would point out that xy> 
basis in fact base been offered 
for this attempt In support of the 
attitudes and actions that lead up 
to it, or for placing the Commu- 
nist Party in the same category 
with organizations which drilL or 
arm their members. 

"The Communist Party ha« 
been submitting Itself to the 
franchise of the American people 
f:r twenty years. For all that 
time its program and Its activities 



ar« »n op?n record. In the few 
cases in which one of its members 
has been tried fw advocating 
force and violence, the evidence 
ha« not been about anything they 
have done, nor about the Party 
program, but about the writings 
of earlier Communistj:. and in par- 
ticular the implications drawn 
from these by the prosecution. 

"In it« Constitution the Com- 
munist Party declares that it 
'upholds the democratic achieve- 
''**• ments of the American people. It 

LIU b 

ppc«es with all its 

ique. group, circle, 

power any 
faction or 


rty which conspires or acts to 
>vert. undermine, weaken or 

*■ 'hrow any cr all iivstitutions 

'' -"erican democracy whereby 

*"** •*" irity of the American peo- 

that only 

obtained power to de- 
leir own destiny in any 

^.ththeatp condemns and op- 
sp^akmg th^^j^,„ ^^^ ^^^ ^j ^^^_ ,o„^^ and ell other 
tnpiy aroiy^:%^j, column" activity. In 
policy thcv h,n ^^ "DlsciDlinary Pro- 
gdministratjfjj, j^e list of those for 
has student j,^ p^„^jty ^^^„ ^^^^^^j 
arouspri tne ^unimary dismissal from 
to th* isstyj ^ responslMlity. expul- 
'^^^"''5,'^'^ffom the Party and exposure 
^^' u* t^* general public are 'per- 
V^' ,' *ho practice cr advocate 

^ ^rorlsm. sabotage, espionage and 

orce or violence,' 


■■W.-» .submit to x-ou that the 
Amprlcan way of determining the 
l«'eai!tv of any political party is 
It<? program of action and iis 
deeds, not any opinions atwut the 
implicaticns of theoretical writ- 
ing.*. We have plenty of law to 
atop any act.s against our govern- 

No. 58B 

ment «■ any con«irfracii« for auch 
•eta aixl our ofSciuls tuivc «il8- 
cient wiUTngness to use thoee l*ws 
in time. 

"We further submit to you that 
iX any political party, no matter 
how radical Its pnH>osal8, can be 
d^jarred f ro^m app^kl to the fran- 
chise of our pe<9le, tJfcie flrat 8t<^ 
In the path that leads to the 
totalitarian state has been taktti. 
lliat such action is a step to- 
ward the overthrow of the Amer- 
ican system of government la 
clearly shown by the record of the 
nations in Europe which tO:k It. 
In our own nation the attack 
upon the cwistltutionai rights of 
Communists has been followed 1^ 
a general assault upon the rights 
of labor, upon progressive leglsla- . 
tlon. upon academic free<*cm. It 
is clear that If the wave trf re- 
action is to be stopped It must be 

checked when it attacks the meet 
unpopular political party. 

"Consequently we, who are not 
Communists, whose concern goes 
beyond the preservation of their 
constitutional rights to the main- 
tenance of the democratic way of 
life as the road into the future, 
urge you, the President, to exer- 
cise your authority and influence 
to prevent those under you from 
stimulating un-American actions 
against Communlstn by undemo- 
cratic utterances. 

"We AlF/i urge all members of 
Congress to oppose any legisla- 
tion, direct or indirect, that would 
take away from Communists those 
constitutional guarantees which 
must be kept open for all if in the 
future tl^y are to be available for 


Exhibit No. 58C 
List of Signers of Statement Defending the Communist Party 

Following is the complete li4t 
of 450 prryminent Americans who 
|| signed a statement urging the 
President' and Congress to defend 
the rights of the Communist 

Edith Abbott, Chicago, 111. 
Dorothy D. Adams, Bcsion, Ma« 
Dr. T. Addis. Calif, 

Rev. Edwin E. Allcen Jr . Lynn. 

Rev. Edith Aldw, Hutchin.son, 

Rev. Charles S. Aldrich Siippm 
Rock. Pa 

Grace M. Alexander, Buffalo, 
N, Y. 

Gross W. Alexander, Lvndhurst, 
N. J. 

Carol.m E. Allen. Plttsbui-gh, Pa. 

Rev. Paul Johnson Allured, Klnde. 

Rabbi Michael Alper, New York 

Rev. WiUiam C. Anderson, 
Bremen. Ind. \ 

Cornelia N. Andierson A"6f6ft. 

Charles W. Andrews, Au&able 
Perks, N. Y. 

Benjamin Appel, New York City. 

Elmer J. F. Amdt, Webster 
Groves, Mo. 

Harriette Ashbrook, Mitchell, 

Charles Aur-tin, New York City. 

Anne Avei7, Tarrytown, N. Y. 

Edward S. Allen. Ames. Iowa. 

George R. Bacon New York. C>ty 

Franz Boas, New York City. 

Elizabeth Bacon, New York City. 

Charles S, Ba-'n Chlca^, III. 

Rfw Robert W. Bftgnall, Phila- 
delphia, Pa. 

R«v J. Herbert Bainton. Ches- 
hire, Conn. 

Rev. Lee II Ball. Mahopac. N. Y 

Rev. Albert H. Bailer. Wethers- 
field Conn 

Richard Ballin. University, Ala 

Frank C. Bancroft, New York 

Rev. Norman B Barr, Chioego 

Norman Barr, New York Citv. 

Maurice Becker. New York City 

Prof. Irwin R. Beiler. Pa. 

David Bentall. Chicago. III. 

E.'ihcr Bjornberg, Chicago, III. 

Dr. Herman D, Berlow, Orono. 

Joseph Warren Beach, Minnea- 
polis, Minn. 

Rstherlne D. Blake, New York 

Joan Breen, Simmon* College 

Dr Jacques Bronfenbrenner, St 
louLs. Mo. 

Marc Blitrr>tcin. New York City. 

Dr. George Blumer. New Haven. 

Re*-. Lester L. Boobar. Gorham. 

Leon,\rd B. Boudln. New York 

J. Bun Bouwman. Lansing. Mich 

Bayard Boyesen, Winchester, 
N H. 

P!i.<rii;a Boyesen, Winrhester, 
N H 

Piriney Bndman. New York City 

Hugo BrmdntPtter, Swarthmore 

Walter Brwhl. New York City. 
■"'-1 Bri&nam. Caj^tine, Me. 

Edgar e Brightraen. 

Paul F. Brlssenden, Los Arigeles. 

Emily C. Brown, Poughkeepsie. 
N Y. 

Prof. Harold Chapman Brown 
Stanford Univ., Calif. 

Mr. and Mrs. Le-wis Brown. Au- 
?3bk Porfcs. N. Y. 

Lornard Brooks. Cleveland, Ohio. 

QeopRe Bishop, Seattle. Waakh. 

Louis P. Birk. New Ycrk Cily. - 

Mi):on Brotman. New York City. 

.\lbert W. Buck. Chicago, 111. 

Rev. W. Vay Butler. Loe Aiigeles. 

Rev. J. Greorge Bul;o.-, New 
Haven. Conn 

Ruth Buck. Chicago. Ill 
. Jos*ph Cadden. Washington D. C. 

WiiHam Calhoun, Jr., Aus?ble 
Fork.-;. N. Y. 

Harold I Cammer. N. Y, City 

Marv Campbell. Calif. 


Exhibit No. 58D 


Lucy P. Carver, C^icajf, t::. 
Antolnett* Cennon, New York 

U^'^chariBh Chafe*. Jr., Chm- 
bridge. Mass. 

Mark A. ChamberJaln, Gladstone. 

W. G Chanter, Middl«to*-n. Conn. 

Don M. 0^«ee, San Francisco, 

Edwnrd E. Chlpman, Brooklyn, 
N. Y. 

Elbert M. Conov«r. New York j 

Eva M. Carlson, Bas.:n. Mass. 

Ernest Catlcve. New York City. 

Count«e Cullen. New Vork City. 

Allen William* Clark, Danvers, j 

Rev, H. T. Clp.rk, Greeley, Kans 
Prof. George A. Coe, Claremont 


Almond Clough, Erie, Pa. 

Caroline Nstsh Collier, Alabama, 

Rev. Charles G Cole, Havre, Ma5s. 

C. Leslie CoDms, San Pranclflco. 

Dorothy J Collins, San Francisco, 

Rev. Alfred P. Coman. Syracuse, | 
N. Y. 

Jean Conklin, New Yortc 

Efr. Emil G, Conason, Npw York | 

Aaron Copland. New York City. 

Calhoun Cartwrighfc. Toledo, Ohio, 

Rev. Arthur M. Crawford, West 
Springfield Pa, 

Harold E. CTf^'^■, Danielson, Conn. 

Wilto K. Crosby, Glendale. Calil. 

Dale Curran, New York Ci'iy. 

Jerome E. Cook, Si. Louis, Mo. 

Richard T. Cox. New York City. 

Ted Cox. Cleveland, Ohio. 

Edward P. ShejTiey, Philadelphia , 

AiuMi Derone. Baltimore, Md. 

Walter S. Davi: on, New Yortc City, 

Sunley D Dodge, Me, 

Guy Dunjlrst, Neponset, 111. 

Aaron Douglas, Nashville, Tenn. 

James Dombrot\'?>ki, Monteagle, 

Herbert D, David, New York City 

Milton DavidofT. New York City 

Mark A, Dawber. New York City, 

H. W. L. Dana. Cambridge, Mass 
John P. Davis, Washingcon, DC 
Margaret Darin. Turtle Creek, Pa. 
Helen L. Dietrich, Denver. Colo. 
Donald H, Darchester. Windsor, 
T>r. A. Eiscnbud, New York City, 
Dr. Jule Elsenbud, New York City. 
Isidore Entes, New York City. 
Morris Engel. New York City. 
Clinton J. E\ans, Topeka. Kans, 
Henry Pratt Fatrchild, New York 
I City. 

Arthur H. Fauaet*. Phllsdelphia, 
I Pa. 

Joe Folmet. Uriiversity, N. C. 
Kathleen Kent Finney, Mldlebury, 

Frederick V. Field, New York 
I City. 

Prof. H. H. Fisher, Stanford 
University. Calif. 
Joseph H. Fletcher, Cincinnati, 
; Ohio, 

Rev Norman D. Fletcher, Upper 
I MOTUcI.ilr. N. J. 

Myer S, Fliesher, St Louis, Mo, 
LouLse Adams Floyd, Ne^* York 
t C;i\V ''; '^ ■ 

Franklin Folsom. New York City. 
Rev. Harry G. Fcrd, Columbus, 

Bertha Joselyn Foee, New York 
I City. 

John B Foster. Cincinnati, Ohio, 
Eme&t L Fox, N. J. 
Samuel Freedman, New York 
Leah Feder. Si. Louis. Mo 
John K. Findly, Tufts College, 
I Mass. 

John Gabrielson S&n Diego, Calif. 
Anna Gainr"., Denver, Colo. 
Bi-arford Gale, R.-tlem. Ma.s$. 
Leo Aivin Gates, BufTalo. N Y. 
Donr.ld F. Gaylord, San Fran- 
Icj.vo, Calif. 

Robert Gellar, Chicago, III. 
Prof. Paul F. Gemmill, Philadel- 
I i:hia, Pa.. 

Rev George B. Gilbert, Middle- 
i town, Ccnn. 

Charles G. GL-'Clius, Boston, Mass. 
John M. Gandy, ^xrick. Va. 
Hei*n M. Graves. BufTalo, N. Y. 
Richard F. Oroer, EliaRbeth, N. Y 



Exhibit No. 58E 

J. L. OIanvll]«, Dallas, Texas. 

Dr. A. L. GoMn'Rter. New Ycrlt | 

Irwin Goodman, Portland, Ore. 

Robert Oordon. Kenosha, Wlflc. 

V. C. Grant. EarlvUle. low?. 

Dr. Sarah K. Greenberg, Brook- 
lyn. N. Y. 

Aubrey Grossmr.n, San Francisco. | 

Rev. Armand Guerrero. ChlcafO,| 

Ralph H Gundlach, Univ of | 
Washington, Seattle. 

David Oars. New York City 

Rev. Prank A, Hamilton, Chatta- 
noogra, Tenn. 

\ Dr. Norman E. Himes. Hamilton. | 
7^ Y. 

Henry Hart, New York City. 

Oscar B. Ha wee, Florida. 

Aline Davis Hays, New York City. 

Ellsworth Huntingrton, New York | 

Mrs. Thomas Hepburn, Hartford.] 

Howard Daniel, Windsor. Conn. 

Rev. Donald Harrington. Chicago. 

Rev. G. Theodore Hempelman. 
Louisville. Ky. 

W. E. Hocking, Cambridge, Mass. 

Allen Hackett. StAxnford. Conn. 

Alfred Hirsch, Nsw York City. 

Dorothy Handy, San Francisco, 

Ernest R. Hllgard, San Francisco, 

Daahlell Hammett, New York] 

Rev. Allen A. Hei^t, California. 

Dr. Alice Hamilton. Hadlyme, 

Prof. Plorian Reiser, 8torr». | 

Dr. Mary Alice Hoover, Tacoma, 

Rev. P. M. Hammond,, Sunnyslde, 

EllBJbeth Hughes. Houston, Texas. 

Sol Hyman, Philadelphia, Penn. 

Mark Hopkins, Cleveland. Ohio. 

Elizabeth Hullng. New York City. 

Herman J. Hahn, BufTalo. N. Y 

Max L. Hutt, New York City. 

Clarence V. Howell. New York 

WllUam Harrison, Boston, ItaffT 

Fowler V. Harper, Indiana. •"'^ 

Lucius C. Harper, Chicago, XU. 
C. Harper, Ohicago, 111. 

Pearl M. Hart, Chicago. 111. 

Lowe'l B. Hazzard, Qulncy, Mass.; 

Georgia, Harkness E%'anston, 111. 

Charles H. Hoastcn. D. C. 

W. A. Hunton, Danielron, Ck)nn. 

Minna R. Harkavy, New York 

Alfred H. Horowitz, Hartford, 

Abraham J. Isserman. Newark, 
N. J. 

Rev. Paul B. Irwin, Woodburj'. 
N. J. 

Rev. Bklward W, Jackson, New 
Haven Conn. 

Dr. Edgar S. Jackson. Ne^- Haven, 

Dr. Murray Jacobs, New York 

James Fleming, Sowanee, Tenn. 

Alexander Jainc.*, Dublin, N. H. 

Frederick Jame.s. Dublin N. H. 

Henry John'on, Biidgeport, Ct. 

Rev. John Paul Jones, Nashville, 

Lewis W. Jones. Nashville, Tenn. 

Thomas R Jones, New York City. 

Katherine Jones, New York City 

Rev. Richard W. Jungfer, Jr. 
Wood.'tfleld. Ohio. 

Rev. Willard Johnson, Des 
Moines. I. 

Alexander Kshn. Calif. 

Frances Ker.t, Beverly Hills. Calif. 

Rev. J. Clyde Keegan, Windsor, 

CcmmL^sioner Paul J. Ke"n, New 
York City. ... 

Wiiiipm Kerner. N. Y. C. ' '' 

Nocma M. Klrnbal!, Buflalx N. Y. 

Mabel H. King. N Y. C. 

Dr. Joim A Kingebury, ihni'-y, 
N. Y.- 
Stephen L. Kiser, TftJT Ingion, 

Philip Klein, N. Y. , 

Prof. Otto Klineberg N. Y 3. 

Henry C Koch Louisvl. e. Ky. 

Adah Kri^er, Eng!ewood. N. J 


Exhibit No. 58F 


Vl»dl6l»w Kiclwrskl. Detroit. 

Elizabeth McCausland. N. Y. C. 


C. C. McCcmin, Berkley. Cal. 

Ern«st W. Kueblei, Boston, Mass. 

C. F. MacLennan, Cleveland. O. 

Rev. Thomaa P. Krumpe, Mt. 

Maxin# MeKimey, N, Y. C. 

Sterling, 111. 

Carl W. Ma hi. Sleepy Eye, Minn 

Edward Lamb. Toledo O. 

WilliRm M. MMiscff, N. Y, C. 

Margaret Larkin, Long Island 

Edward J. MJlament. N. Y. C. 


Moses M. Mfilkin, Chapel HIU. 

Paul H. Lavltes, New Haven, 

N C. 


Albert Maltt. N. Y C. 

Dr. John C. Laaenby, Milwaukee, 

Roselie Manning, N. Y. C. 


R«v. H. E. Mansfield. AlknvUle. 

Howa«l Lee, Birmingham, Al*. 


Howard W. Ledercr. N. Y. C 
PaAil L. Lehman, St. Loute Mo. 

^ Rev.- Harold P. Marley, Ann Ar- 

bor, Mich. 

Alewuder Lehrman, N. Y. C. 

Carl E. Martin, Troy. N. Y. 

Max Lemer. Mass. 

Mildred V. Martbi, Troy, N. Y. 

Prof. M. Levi. Ann Arbor, Midi. 

Stanley Matthews. Olendale, O. 

Julien Levy. N. Y C. 

Charles A. Marlies. City College. 

' Prof Prans Boas, N. Y. C. 

Ann Melkeljohn, San Prancisco, 

- Theodore Dreiser, Hollywood , 



Janet Mendelson, Newark, N. J. 

D.ThieU Hammett, NYC. 

Samuel D. Mcrmin, Denver. Colo. 

Francis Pisher Kar«. Phlla. Pa. 

O. L. Merritt, Milwaukee, Wis 

Ro-jfcwell Kent, Ausable Porks 

Henry A. Meyer, Moores Hill, Ind. 

N. Y. 

David A. Mldgley, Albany, N.Y, 

Rev. Ox'en D. Knox. Detroit. 

Clyde R. Miller, N. Y. C. 


Nathftnlel Mills, Jr., Ma». 

Corliss Lament. N. Y C. 

Rev. P. Theodore. Hudson, N. Y. 

Tom Mooney. Calif. 

Dr. Marc Moreland. N, Y. C. 

Fedora G. Lin^r. Pitts Pa 

Rev. Richard Morford, Albany, 

Paul M. Llmb^rt, Springfield, 

N. Y. 


James K. McH-se. Hackensack N. J. 

James H. Link. Long Island City. 

Marco Morow, Topeka, Kan. 

Ricbsrd W. Llppman. M. D., 

Prof. C. H. Mowrer, (Sunbrldge, 

N. Y. C. 


Hilda Locklin. N. Y. C. 

Geo. B. Murphy, Jr. Waeh. D. C. 

Rev. Wilbur E. Longstreth, Mem- 

SklUman E. Myers, Burlington, 

phis, Mo. 


Rev. Donald O. Lothrop. Boston, 

Jack R. McMichael, N. Y. C. 


Rep. Herjry J. McCormack, C(mn. 

Rev. P. Henry Lotz. Winona, 111. 

William McGee, Smta Cruz, Cal. 

Sydney A Luria N. Y, C. 

Elbert P. Moore, Bro:kline, Mass. 

Louie Lozowick. N Y C. 

Robert Newma-M, N. Y. C. 

Harald H. Lund N. Y. C. 

A. J. Nygren, Seattle, W^sh. 

Olive Lynn. N, Holly w:od. Cal. 

Thomaa Neill Turtle Creek, Pa., 

Jac* Lord. 8. F. Calif 

Charlea NeweU. Turtle Creek, Pa. 

Mftridel Le Suer. Minn, Minn. 

Wm. A. Noyes, Urbana. ni. 

Harriet Lowe. N. Y. C. 

Theodore K. Noss. Lafayette, Ind. 

Howard D. McOreth, N. Y. C 

J. H. Ober, YeUow Barings O. 

Dr. W. L. Mah«rey, Jr., Phlla.. 

Harvey O'Connor, Chicago, 111. 


Clifford Odets, N. Y. C. 

Paul Morttz, Topeka, Kan. 

Rev. Einai Oftedahl, Clwwlesrton. 

Clifford T. McAvoy. N. Y. C. 

W Va. 

Rev. P. W. McConnoll, Btentlay- 

Jane B. 01d«i. Phlla, Pa. 

ville. Pa. 

3amuel Ornitz, Los Angeles. Oal. 



Exhibit No. 58G 

C. A. .Orr. Kai^jsae City, Mo. 
Rev. Louis L. Otuayer, Glendlve. 
I r^font. 

Rev. Spencer Bacon, Battle Creek. 
i Mich. 

Rev George H Orser. Painter. Va. 
Rev. Albert W. Palmer, Chicago, 
I 111. 

Bl-shop Edward L. Parsons, San 
Francisco. Cal. 

Rev. Edward L. Peet, New Haven, 
I Conn. 

Irene Pennington, Jersey Ctty, 
iN. J. 

Thomas L, Pern' Jr. Cambridge, 
1 Mass. 

Prof. John P. Peters, New Ha\en, 
1 Conn. 

Paul Peter? N Y C. 
Dr. L. S. Peiers, Albuquerque, 
N M 
Dr. Ch&s. A. Petxoni, N. Y. C. 
Harriet I Pickens, N. Y, C. 
Joseph L. Pierce. Wash, D C. 
Jane Todd Pike, Mass. 
Rev. Henry Pinkham, Newton 
I Centre. Mass. 

Rev. George L. Poor, Coma* 
Harper Poulson. Mich. 
Rev. Bert A, Powell, Kalispeil. 
William Price. Swarthn.oi-e. Pa, 
Rev. Chester W. Quimby, Mifflin 
[burg. Pa., 

Bertha C. Reynolds' N. Y. C. 
Paul A. Richie, Calif. 
Arthur W. Rlchter, Milwauke< , 
I Wis. 

Rev, Harris Franklin Rail. Evan- 
Iston. Ill, 

Prof, Walter Rautenstrauch, N. Y 
Morion L Reich. Ala. 
Dr. H M RKhtei, Chicago, 111 
Rev, Samuel M. Higgle, Castletcn 
Wallingfcrd Rieggerr. N. Y C, 
Rev, Jamr--. H Robinson. N. Y C 
Rev. Henry Lee Robinson. Jr. 
[Richmond. Va. 

Rev. Charles D Rockel. Rogers- 
lord, Pa. 
Edward Rosen. City College. 
Charles San Francisco, 

Paul Robeson N. Y. C. 
Wilmina Rowland, N. Y. C. 
Marie Jreephlne Re«d. Jersey 
City, N. J. 

Olga K. Robinson, Menlo Pk. 
Harry Sacher N Y. C. 
Rev. Loyd I. Worl*^, Stamford, 

Rev. Paul D Wright, Oklahoma 
Ciiy. Okla 
An Young. N. Y, C 
D.". Max Yerga:-., N, Y C 
Rev, T, Dayton Yoder. Spokane. 

James N. Ziegler, South Nor- 
^alk. Conn 
Learo Zugsmith, New York City 
Clifford J. Sagcr New York City 
Rev, Leon D. Sanbornp, Warer- 
•own N Y 

Rev Walter C B Saxman. Hud- 
.■^cn. Mich 
Rev Joseph F Soil, Chicago 111 
FYancls C, Schiator, New York 
Manny Srhor, Cleveland, O. 
T. C. Schnelrla, New York City. 
Eiias M. Schwarzbart, Brooklyn, 
N Y. 

Rev Hayden B. Sears, Los An- 
geles Calif. 
Rev E W Seibert, O. 
Prof. Howard Selsam. Brooklyn. 
N Y. 

Shelby Siiackelford New York 
Prof Malcolm Sharp, C'r.lcago, 111 
John F. Shcpard, Ann Arbor 
Richard Siddon, Newark. N. J. 
I. J. Shubert, New York CUy. 
Herman Shumlin. New York City 
Robert J. Silberstcln, New York 
Helen liarle ScUars. Conn. 
Rev. Edwin M. Slocombe, Lynch- 
burg. Va. 

Albrrt L Smith. Turtle Creek. 
Lorna D. Smith. Glrnda!e. Calif 
Lutiier N. Smith. Dublin. N. H 
Nirky Smith. Yellow Sprlng.t^ O 
Prof Tredwell Smith. New York 

Rev G Franklin Snyder New 
York City. 



Exhibit No. 

Clyde V. SparUng. HamUton. N. Y. 

LucUe Spence, N«w York City. 

Joseph Spenctr, New Yortt City. 

L. EliHabeth l^ffCMrd, New York 

Rev. WUliatra B. Spoflord, New 
York City. 

WiUiam Stelg, N. Y. C 

Bemhard J. Stern. New York 
I City. 

Hope K. Stevem, New York City. 

Rev. Philip H. Steinmetz, Mon- 
trose Pa. 

Rev. M. Stockdale, Clinton. N. Y. 

Edward E. SU-ortg, Brimingham, 

Prof. Dirk J. StruJk, Cambridge, 

Alice Steven*. Beroa College. Ky. 

Rev. E. Lenton Sutclifle, Hillsdale, 

Dr. Saul A. Tennenbbum, New 
York City. 

Channa Tanz, New York City. 

Rev. Eric M. Tasman, So. Orange, 
N. J. 

Harold Taubin, New York City. 

Rev. Jahn H. Taylor, Westwood, 

Katherine Terrell. New York City 

Dr. Robert P. Thomas, Sevlerville, 
I Tenn. 

FredfTick Thompson, San Prsn- 
[ cir>:o, Calif. 

Rev. D. R Throckmorton, Bakers- 
neld. Calif. 

Ro»se TYolana Neu' York Csty. 

Maia Turchin, New York City, 

Dr. Albert Taussig S:. Louis, Mo. 

Nicholas Tomassetti, Conn. 

Prof. Bruce R. Trimble, Kanras 
City. Mo. 

Rev. William Twlddy. Jersey City, 
N. J. 

Prof. Helen Tyler, BronxvUle, 
IN. Y. 

F^squale J. Vecchione, New 


Dr. Harry F. Ward, New York 


Eda Lou Walton. New York City 
Kenneth C. Walker. N. Y. 
Eleanor B. Wa;d, New York City 
L>Tid Ward. Palisade. N. j. 
Prof. Colston E. Wame, Amherst, 


Prof Goodwin Wataon, New Yoit 

Clara Weattoer^^-ax. Long Beach 

Rev. Charlea P. Wellman, Dor- 
chester, Mass. 

Rev. Bruce J Wendt, Columbus, 


Paul Wengut. Idaho PalL. Idaho. 

Rev. Melvin E Wheatley. Jr., 
Lincoln. Del. 

Mai g,'- ret L. Wh?eier, Ambler, Pa 

Henry M. Wienjan, Miami. Fl.'. 

Pro?. Richard G. Wendell, Amos. 

Rev. ElUott White. Rosellc, N. J. 

Mable R, White, Roselle, N. J. 

Rev. Jamea A. Werthley, Iowa 
City, Iowa. 

__ Rev. Dexey A. W Ukgrwon. waah 
mgton. D. C. ~ 

Rev. Claude C. WUllams. Little 
Rock. Ark. 

H. wmiama, New York City. 

France M. wmiamK, Nem' York 

William Carlos Williams, New 

A. L. Wirin, Los Angeles, Oalif. 

Arthur Weiss, Ne^- York City. 

Louis Weisner. New York Cky. 

Maxwell N. Weisman, New York 

Hert>ert Witt, New Yortc City. 

Rev. WajTie White, New York 

Rev. Robert WhlUker, Lo« Gate*, 

Rev. Mary T. Whitney. Jfl Woare, 
N. Y. 

85333 O— 57— pt. 2 9 



Exhibit No. 59 





























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Exhibit No. 59 — continued 

Negro and White, Side by Side, Can Beat War 

"Negro and white, unite and tight." 

That honored — and honorable — slogan took on new meaning last night as 
500 Negro and white people gathered in the Veda room to discuss the Negro 
and the war, and to pledge themselves to tight with every ounce of strength 
and courage against the war. 

"You must go back to your homes," admonished John P. Davis, Executive 
Secretary of the National Negro Congress, "and you must talk to the Negro 
people in terms of their own needs, their own problems in your own communities." 


"Only then can you effectively organize the Negro people to give expression 
to their deep and undying hatred of war — their hatred of this imperialist war, 
this war for profits and power." 

It was upon this note that Chairman (Jeorge B. Murphy, Jr., Administrative 
Secretary of the National Negro Congress, adjourned the meeting. The dele- 
gates and observers left not only with broadened knowledge, but with a pro- 
gram to carry out in their own hometowns. 

Cornerstone of that program, as outlined not only by the panel speakers but 
by almost every rank-and-filer who spoke, is the fight for economic democracy. 

"It's jobs we must have," cried Edith Lively, delegate from the Connecticut 
Federation of Negro Youth Organizations. "Thousands and millions of dollars 
are going into 'defense' production in my hometown — yet Negroes are almost 
completely barred from employment. 


"We realize that Negroes can't get anywhere alone. Black workers and 
white workers must fight together for improved conditions. That's why we 
have relied greatly upon the CIO unions in our area to help us knock down the 
color bar — and we are glad to report that we are, with the unions' help, 

"I was in the last war," said Sam Patterson, IWO delegate, a native of the 
British West Indies. "Negroes fought in the British army against Negroes 
recruited by the German army — to see which imperialist group should maintain 
domination over the Negro people." 

"I came out of the war determined that I'd never fight again — except for 
the liberation of the Negro people. And there can be no freedom for the Negro 
people while the British empire, as it stands today, keeps its grip on colored 

Those sycophantic leaders of the Negro people who will complain of the 
manifestations of the war prograhi, who will denounce discrimination against 
Negroes in the armed forces and in arms industries, and in the same breath 
approve the drive to war as a whole, were castigated by Edward Strong, Secre- 
tary of the Southern Negro Y'outh Congress 

"Certain leaders," said Strong, "say the war would be all right if they'd 
only get Jim Crow out of the army. We must fight vigorously to expose this 

The panel conference adopted several significant resolutions after heated 
discussions of a number of them. 

One denounced anti-Semitism among Negroes as a device creating division 
and, through division, thwarting democracy. Another called for the creation 
of a National Peace Party. 

Still another endorsed the Marcantonio bill to penalize discrimination against 
Negrt>es and any other minority groups in the army and defense industries. 

Several were aimed at corporations, such as Vultee and Glenn L. Martin 
Aircraft and Sperry Gyroscope, whose discrimination against Negroes is flaunted 
at the very time they are enjoying fat i»rofits from government contracts. 



[New Masses, April 1941] 

Exhibit No. 60 

April 1. 1941 

To New Mas».s: To many persons highly placed 
in this country, the Roosevelt administration's 
prosecution of Earl Browder, which resulted in the 
Communist Party secretary's conviction and sentence 
to four years in prison on a passport technicality, 
•may come as a welcome relief. 

These individuals would have us believe that in 
keeping Mr. Browder out of circulation the prin- 
ciples for which this great American and his party 
stand may more easily be kept out of circulation 
too. They are horribly wrong. And curiously enough 
I believe that they understand very well that they 
are wrong, but are unable to do anything by way 
of helping themselves, so mired are they in the 
contradictions of the society in which we in America 

The principles for which Mr. Browder and his 
party — a perfectly legal party — stand are American 
to the core. They are the principles which have 
been nourished by the struggles of the American 
people for freedom, peace, and security since the 
founding of this country. 

Frederick Douglass fought for those principles; 
so did Nat Turner, Denmark Vesey, Harriet Tub- 
man, John Brown, Sojourner Truth, and many 
others. They are the principles for which the Negro 

people and all other oppressed groups in America 
fight today. These principles will live on forever, 
because you simply cannot put the people out of 

The justice for all the ptople for which Mr. 
Browder and his party wage battle, will continue 
til be fought for while he is in jail. I have no doubt 
of that. The fight to get him out of jail is well 
under way even before he gets in. And so I salute 
Mr. Browder for his courage, and for his refusal 
10 defile the great American tradition for a mess 
of gold. 

As a Negro, member of an oppressed people in 
.America, 1 am more convinced than ever that Mr. 
Browder and the common people of our land will 
win out in the end. no matter what the cost. 

Washington, D. C. Georce Murphy. 

Administrative Secretary, 
Sational Negro Congress. 


Exhibit No. 61A 



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Exhibit No. 61B 

Exhibit No. 62A 


Jrree speech, free press, freedom of assembly and of reliRion are 
not self-susUining Though i^uaranteed by the Q)nstitution m 
Its Bill of Rights, in times of stress these rights are always 
threatened In the la.<;t analysis, the guarantee of their perpetu- 
ation IS the peoples devotion to the principles of Thomas 
jeffers<in and the peoples readiness to defend our heriuge 

Americans have always rallied to defend their rights against 
every threat 

V\'hen the Alien and Sedition Acts were passed in the 
179()'s the people, under Jefferson's leadership, rendered those 
laws null arid void 

In the lS60"s the threat came from the slave power, and 
again the people, under Lincoln, rallied to the defense of the 

Americans who hoped that World War I would "make the 
world safe for democracy" were obliged to defend democracy 
at home against the hysteria of the Palmer Raids of the 1920s 

Now, after ai recently winning a war for the Four Freedoms, 
Americans are faced with the need to defend our basic charter 
of freedom which is under unprecedented attack 

New York Cuy JULY 16-17, 1949 


Exhibit No. 62B 


Henrv Hudson Hotel, New York City, July 16-17, 1949 
— CtddiiionaL SpotiAOU, — 

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low 1)\\\ lUntrd Vmitrnii ^-itt \K\ CKVSIIMKS Miuuulwurlli CmiK 

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tni\ "^H 1 A CROSS //ufi|[«M«n Ooi/v /oum*;. 

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?i' \'",'".^'.''vV\'"'"''.^':'m''' WI.EMEVS J FRANIF f.--." K>/(«., 

■TlR J J Bt RNS \ais-rth toUtgt Comm.monrr Rhodtt,UnH -»\I\RSIN kARPMkIN Siudnl /(..n. 

»<»M BIRI «<• . / »rf Aur Or^u/". ^^ ROSfOF FREIVI /-'OIT"""* *■•">. «.oo»/,B ro;(^(r 

■'"""'»•■'" />«Mon VNN KMFVUN /^u ii* /«mi;, <• r Ai/rf 

_W»nER FRISBII Ind-ntp-lt, ^rnur %rmllU II >jfiin(Mfi 

fRIK I ( \IRNS /,../ I .,.(.-i.n W.^t,, —fROF WENDEII H FIRRN //4r,«ri -_I'HII.IP O klFNEY < ,.o,»,i;(^r for . 

Mml,,-,', t nufint-^ lUn,',<,oiir tai Fmtlr'n Pnhfy 

M<F» Rl IHSFNS ( H\IMt.».S frdrrmird _-<(>SI PH GAFR Aulh^, :r Publithri , Sn —• PROI I ( klNI ( o.irriKv o^ f «/./nf^,« 

,,,„,,(, Scu )."* <ir) For* Or — SfKKWIII KFNI 4.f.if 4m.l>/>/or», 

Vtl SSH I N (H\SF.' V./ion.f /«-»•»■ _vvltllAM GM/IER Inll Inmg.horinri, S. V 

<.u,U. (Irrvlm^d -- II .'rAo«i»m^n . ( nio» KMAinjIon — IIIISIIRI kINSM <.,r., ttll,. MonI 
\4'Hm\ I (HIIIIRFSS nfllifhoitd '•! 11 < 

I I,,, /„,f,„.r.., ».ni«. rio — loSEPH k Gl.VIIERMAN Prog,r,t„„ •~4I\RKS ( IWIRIRION Ufhrnfl,,;. 

*^(MN H IIIRISIVVN Ptrud'Ut fatirr,, Panx llhtn l> < 

lh,i>,:. l;meT% I nif.; —MORRIS i.l.f.K HE R 4" 

<<H\HII4 (OH INS J/.rfr/ ^- (/I.* /.". C"" 

Ola^", I «<■■„ S,u l.,.»(il- \IN( IN I (.1 INSkY 4.l.i( ,\Vu- Fo.* f .1, ^ >• > r 

ISIIR S <R\VIFR 4m,„.o.. /^u i./. — lOIIN I GUI \( K I -..f'rf / '"<'.f«'. ««rfi'.l/*N R 1 III R I M Kl N I s >/„(/,. ,».rf » 

' ' H ,, \l..t.„,r »,„trr, In,,,,. I„d„nm ^--1HKR\ l\«RIN(l Wa.,« (.,.,», . 

'' ' " ' , /..; ■ ■ • •■ --J-. -- 


*,^|^«<;jHS I ROM\(ll I I ■; inp:r, —KIN (.010 

^^Jr*BHI >RR»HUI (RONBUH //-- •' — HON M< l.-R HUSON , d. 

I ,„;.. I „n,j, — MINNII GDI HEN Linr4nd I „bu„r H,n„r,p„l„ 


Exhibit No. 62C 
-C - 


— VDRHV II bl \M aui Agr< 
I ctmi 3Sn fiutihurf \««u 

I. Tttck 


"I ( nion lottl %•••> Sn >o»» ClIY 

— WORIW llRini P'rudnl. /ntln 

-XHKRtFJ IIPC^I- Vrr, > or« Cir> 
— REV HIRMW H l,0\f> Arnmetn Mu 

■~MRS\RD IlfVS /■> : I imfih. 



Coop , .4.«fr«<n« 
—TITER I\()\ R*4t« llFiK". \n fork 
fin . .• 5 

— <XlHORD I M<\\0\ I nilrd f.lrtirwt! 

fttiio c- .ViKhir., Ito'tr'l 
— BISHOP FR l\< IS J Mrt UWELL Mrlho 

tlu( ( Aurrh (/fli" 
~~BfRNVRD V Mi(.Rl)\Rl> Slrrtotyptri 

^HVNRtNCt I MlCLKIX foua I obatio 

Aftcullur,! .- Allird ll<>»»fri 
—US McLARLN Isrr .M«u 

LITHIR K M^INAIR. MtustliiMdi 

Ccunr^l 0t Ihe A'll. Sitfnrrt mnd Fro 

York CXV 


'•i^RS S H M \l. k. P-op, 
— ^^ B MAOIl 1ult<n<. S 

H«l*li.lJlon D r 
— PROF F L MVRCLSE, Comrll Iniurrntv 
— HMFS B M\RSHMl, Bmlitnf itnvt 

tmplmtii I nion \ruork 
—9.1\ tLtlOrr J MASON »rd Btplut 

Ctlurch. Tolrdo 

— PROF JOSFPH F MAVER. Inintuir lor 

.\iulfmr Studfi. r«n-fTii/> ot Chicmgo 

— I)R LFO MA^ER .Vr>. lo»» Cil\ 

— +I0R,A(;E MELD\HL. AUomn. C>imrlrUof>, 

w r« 


•V / 
.UIRS JL'LIIS MELT/ER. SpringfuU. Mui 
•••CAM I EL D MEMN ^i;orn^, DraKcr 
— «ALrH MERA« l.trlrr. V H 

ol Wuhmgton 
.WIUJAM H MIU.ER Chu*to. Illmou 
—BERNARD MINTER. C.ntrrmI tmrt B4 

fur V Irtlhrr Hirrtm Inion lortl 140 
—{AMES MONTANA ChMifmon. tXtrotI Im 

^<^ Cuild 

Cnunnl of th* .<'(! Vif^Wff r Froitutont 
*-- |OSEPH MOROENSTERN. ^mfci;m. Com 

m.llrr. Ohio 
—REV H\R\EY K MOL'SLEY Hii/iifijtion 

P«r» .WrlA»<<»t Churtk, Frmidmrr 
(APT HIGH MfWAC \rv For* r.l^ 

— ALERED MVSDERS fdiio.. Th, Ckalla 

moof Timn 

2i.»RlSSELL NINON ( ni(r<* flrrlnrtl RmI<- 

— BERENICE NOAR. \'u York Ci/v 

— OlST AMS OHI.INCER .^l/imo. Tolrdo. 

<fr.r«i, 4/f»ri. \»T. >"•» ^l/^ 
— »RTHl R OSM*N It holftle & li.T<>ioii«' 
W»f**Ti (.'ntOft. I nfl h't 

■»< l-ARENCE PALMER ffri. Cuh iuir 

Itkdtulnmt ( ounrW 
— MIVER PAROONEI >> >>« )"'» Cif, 
-^ISMF-S E P\yjH> t<-f Jftt . /»r ,- 

/.-•//K^ H<>r»<-. /'"«/ » riuUdrlphit 
— *I\RCSRET PENNCXK Fhiltdtlphio 

^SUS PETERStlN CKtirmmn. Fwofttunt 

Fott\, Ortgon 
\IBERT PE/7.ATI Inll. L'nion s< Miiw. 

Mi/l «■ Smrllrr Horlm .Vru' ror» Cilr 
*-ISADOR PICHMAN, .\>» Infitnd Rtponal 

Dtrrclor. fur f Lruhrr M orhm Vnton 

rrrsilw ol tou'4 

•~*l l/ABETH I_A\E PORTER. .V« OtUtm 
«— «F\ C T PRATT. C»iurc(i of God. D»l 

ion, C« 
■^IRMNC POrASH. Hdp fyrn<-ri /oml 

— M KRU PRICE rhilulh. .Ifinn 


yrau/l Clufilmifu 4tln ol the /IrmT *■ 

V«^^ or l»if ( ^A 
-~«F\ J XV REED. Fo'lUnd. Ortgon 
''~*l\ CI RTIS l\ REESE. Drtn Abrmhom 

I infoin Cn^tf*. C hieofo 

— JCJSEPH W RFILIV fdilof. I'oiir ol Frtr 

dr'm. Ph.ltdrtphio 
■'~~IERTH\ C RFVNOLUS S/ou(Alon. Mdu 

— IHOMSS RICHARDS<1N I'mlril ^uklx 

»or»fl Hathinglan D. C 

mm t In I I fmguf lot Frmn & frrtdom. 

Haihtnglon D C 
— HEin ROBINSON Mmr Mill k SmelUr 

irorkm ( htrtgo 
—nV. MILTON ROKFACII Muhigmn ilmu 


I man nu/rirl Counnl So 13 .Vnr Yort 

= H()1LANI) ROBERTS Fdurtlumtl Dirr, 

'or. (a/irnmij ;«l>of ithool 
•RUHARD RYAN .N>u •'» Tspopdphtnl 

-^ARTl R S( HNABEL Fitnul 
•—MRS C H JTHl'DDAROPF. Iniltd OfUr 

V FroltmoHo! Workeri Srdlllr. Wmh. 

KRIHL'R SCHIT7ER r%rr Sror . .<"i»ri 

ron l^bO' P«rlY \>» York 
_^FI)WIN SF AV ER ,«i./Aor \rw York Cltl 
•^^.ILBFRT I SFLARP JR. N Chmllmoogt. 

— -DR MARY I SH VW Progrrurvt FmTI\ 

^ri TER SHIPKX (.mrrol StttyTrrmi. 
I H- 0-. Sn- F«.» 


■"rSAMUEl. Sll LCN Author Srr York Cilv 
— >. ALEX SIROTA fumuurr Korkrri Union 
^)R MAtT>F 5LVF r»ii-«T>ii, of Chirmg" 
^*F&SIE J SMITH frlloiiihip i.( /trrotin/i 

<li»i<. .WiJxwirr 
~— IIR M BREWSTER SMI I M Hon^mrd I'n, 


Fnhlrrhnu IniHlulf 
~~fn SPSRER ^ormi't firr Frri . Sliuirfil 

lounril. Collrgr ol Ihr fi/v of Sn- York 
-mmStt SPIEGEL Allnrr,r^ Cinl I •hertiri ('mrm 

ol WouofAui^rif 

— VRIHL'R J STANLEY «.<t t«-> 

'OHif Counnl of Churrhri, Oregon 

— IS\l>ORF SIARR Drlrml 

I)R l>\NIEL STEINBERG Horned Mrdi 

<•/ •■•hool 
— ^l>RFI>k STERN \r« lor* Cm 
—I H SRt.FJ ST ERN Holel <.• Cluh fmplmeri 

Inion Sn- YorH Cili 
""•IM>N»LO OCDIN \l EWAR I . Author .Vm 

>..'* Lilt 
— J EON STR.M s f.'. Vn , fnr Drturri 

V 0\erf Joint Hotrd 

'•n'Ror niRK j srttiR. M—tiuutit, 

InilitLlr ol Terhnnlof, 
—JOHN SLLBEN Vr T-tmi. HoUl Frtnl 
_ Strvire Employrtl. LordI 144 

~~»>IENRV Slip Alt. Imuh FeopUi frttrnft 
^ Order M.nnnon 

Vin f rant MO 
— ^-AIT M SWEE/Y. tronomul. Hillan.S. H. 

-^OHN lARLAMFLLO. Roffvn r »nun 

I ulluriili (niun 

ItdlS TAYLOR 8o</on 
— VIBFRl IHIENF So Hotlln fttU. Mdu 

rfntt College 

"— PROF RALPH H irRNCR. Okerlin Col 

~~\BRAHAM INGER .< .Vf« lo.» 


Sat't Religion c- / mbor fouridMlon 


JOSEPEI VISJONTI \mtl Rep. Btrbrrt * 

Fetuly Cnlturull I nion 
•<=ERANl WAGNER Furnilure Woekert 

I nion. lortt 140 \ru York Cily 
—BISHOP W J M ALI.S Chirmgo 
'^iK HSRRY F WARD. F'of Emrriliu. 

I nion Theologirol Vmiiurr 
~~"RE\ RAYMOND A WSSFR firii Con 

giegationdt ( hurch. Fojsdena 
~~I1R ALFRED H U ASHBl'RN. Dtmlor 

Child Reutrrh Counnl Ornvtr 
— ■ VRTHl'R C W ATKINS. Huhmpon. D C 
— JSCK M WEATHERWAX. /Irv«it( Foumdm 

lion, loi Angtiti 
( HARLE5 WEDDIE Frogteuive Fmrty.Cotm 

MRS HSRVEY WEEKS. .V-n . Frogrttiv 

Ftrti nviirrn Colortdo 

CoannI Vfu York Cily 
i^MMILI ER WEH MAN. Heod AdutI Idued 

turn Counnl. Moitmrhusetti 
^PROE GENE WEITFISH. Columbio t/ni 

"^TDWARD WE.STON Fholographrr. Cdrmel. 

— ^♦'ROE ROBERT W. WHITE. Hmrvmrd Ft, 

fholagiemt Clinic 
— *Rf>f PALL 1. WHIIELY. trmnkim v 

Manholl College 
•■•-«F\- E S C WTCRS. All fouls Vnildnm 

Churrh. fnHiandpolu 

ilt\ of Oregon 

Initilule ol Teehnt^log^ 
^*H1AVID RHYS Will I VMS fitw I -.iioooii 

' hurih. Roeheiirr V ) 

-—DON M WOLFE. RoekmlU Centre. S Y 
— .AIAR riN WOLESON Arlar. Seu- York Cil% 
-*.< I.EMENT WOOD tteldnion .V V 
_J"ROF THOMAS WOODY Vninerali ol 

— BERN SRI) \OI NG ( nited Fuhlie W or»f. . 

Ilmklond. (.till 
--DR FDWARD L YOl'Nf.. Mui^hutelti 

Cenerol Hoipildl 
— «I IH VOI'NC ft- V'> . I'niled lite 

trirmi Htdio <- Morfiiar H orkm. DigteiH 4 
.._J>URIS IIIEFN vol Ni.BL(X>D. tp«i..j 

field. Mdu 


Exhibit No. 62D 


"~Dr. Peter L, Rabe, Western Reserve Ublverelty, ClevelPirul, Ohio. 

—Prof. Walter Pautenetrauch, Coluntla lAilveralty, Ifev York City. 

— Anton Befreigler, Artlat, Woodatock, Hev Ycark. 

— ^race Rhoada, Women's Internatlcmal League, Morrletown, N. J. 

•"D. W. Rlckeraon, Sloui City, lova. 

"">Bruce Rlsley, Secretajy, Aaerlcan CcAmuUcatlona Aee'n., C.I.O., Local 9 

Marin City, Calif. 
^~Col Ro^iaond Robins, Brooksvllle, Fla. 

— li-. Harry W. Roberta, Virginia State College, Ettrlck, Va. 
'"•Mrs. Eelande Goode Robeson, Enfield, Conn, 
'^•■J/'ernon Hoblnson, Loa Angeles, Calif. 
— 0. John Rogge, »ew York City. 

''^llleanor 5. Rolllna, State College of Washington, Pullinan, Washington 
~— Sanjuol Boeenberg, President, Student Division, National Lawyers Guild, New York City 
—Sol Rotonberg, Philadelphia, Pa. 
-^Dr. Lewis Rowland, President, Assn. of Internee and Medical Students, New York City. 

•"•Jdrs. Evelyn Sanras, National Woaan's Party, Miami, Florida. 

—•William Samuels, Los Angeles, Calif. 

■>»Al Schlackman, Civil Bights Congress, Tucson, Arizona. 

•^Aaron D, Schneider, U.O.P.W .A. -C.I .0. , New York City. 

-~Myra E. Scott, Manhattan, Kansas. 

— I. E. Segal, University of Chicago, Chicago, 111. 

~~^meeto R. S«pulveda, Prea. Puerto Rioan Merchants Association, New York City. 

Ben Shfchn, Artist, Roosevelt, W. J. 

■'.^yictor Shapiro, Los Angeles, Calif. 

"^Blabop David Wlillam Short, National David Spiritual Temple of Christ Church Union, 

Inc., Des Moines, Iowa. 

»>*.Rabbl Joseph Shubow, Brookllne, Maes. 

'^HRabbi Leo Shabow, Temple B'nal Brlth, Somervlllo, Mass. 

""■Agnes Sinedley, Author, Palisades, Mew York. 

— Rev. Aleon J. Smith, Roibury Methodist Church, Stamford, Conn. 

-^Ferdinand aalth, Harlem Trade Union Council, New York City. 

~~Willlam Smith, University of Toledo Teachers Federation, Toledo, Ohio. 

"**Gale Sondergaard, Actreos, Hollywood, Calif. 

-^Rev". JoHn'^D. 3or.g, MeiLorial Church of Brethren, Daiyton, Ohio. 

—^avrence Sperber, Attorney, Los Angeles, Calif. 

"~~Rev. Willlazn J. 3pof?ord, Th e Wltnees , Now York City. 

— -Rev. Wltll^B. S^of.'ord, Jr., Detroit, Mich. 

^'''"""^ Dr. John 5tan<?slow, Waterbury, Ccnn. 

'-'Frod Stelniaeti, Loa Ar.gelee, Calif. 

•-Dr. Bernard J. Strn. Columbia Uhlvereity, New York City. 

-Charlotte Stem, Hotel i Club Employees Union, New York City. 

"HHope R. Otevena, New York City. 

—Paul Strand, New York City. 

— Hlllman E. TalOBneon, President, Student Council, New York Uhlveralty, New York City 

^Eddio Tangor, National Union of Marine Cooka It Stewards, San Francisco, Calif. 

— «aiibl Samuel Telteltaum, Director, B'nai Brlth Hillel Foundation, Northwestern 

University, lU. 

— Alvln Toffler, The Intercollegiate Culture Review, New York University, 

B j,^^ Y^^ (,j^y 

•««.Dr. E. 0. Trimble, Uhlveralty of Kentucky, Lexington, Ky. 
— ftr. Charles J. Turck, President, MacAleater College, St. Paul, Minn. 
— rt)r. T, D. Upahaw, Principal, Booker T. Washington High School, Chattanooga, Tenn. 


Exhibit No. 63A 

[The New York Times, Sunday, July 17, 1949] 

FBI Is Main Target at Rights Session 


Denunciations of the Federal Bureau of Investigation as an instrument in 
the establishment of "fascism, American style," were made by speakers at the 
opening of a 2-day session of a Bill of Rights Conference attended by 700 persons 
yesterday at the Henry Hudson Hotel. 

Although other branches of the Government were brought under attack, the 
FBI emerged as the chief target of the speakers. The conference was called 
by Paul J. Kern, former Municipal Civil Service Commissioner, and was attended 
by teachers, ministers, artists, scientists, and other professional groups. 

O. John Rogge, former Assistant Attorney General and member of the Pro- 
gressive party, praised the FBI as "the best investigative organization in the 
world in the field of crime," but said it had no business in "the world of thought 

Referring to Government employees who have been dismissed as the result 
of loyalty investigations, he said they had had no opportunity to face their 
accusers. In fact, he charged, the Loyalty Board in one case admitted it did 
not even know who the accuser was. 

"We have been encouraged to become a nation of spies and informers," he 
declared. "Our neighbors are being encouraged to go to the FBI with all kinds 
of junk. That is not the America I grew up in." 

The Bureau files introduced into the spy trial of Judith Coplon were de- 
nounced by Jo.seph Forer, member of the constitutional liberties committee of 
the National Lawyers Guild. He said the papers showed that the Bureau 
"collects gossip and encourages snooping." 

The FBI files, he said, refute J. Edgar Hoover's assertion that his organiza- 
tion does not investigate political views. He charged the Bureau with violating 
Federal laws by wiretapping and opening private mail and said it "commits 
many more Federal crimes than it ever detects." 

Bertram A. Washington, chairman of the Federal Employees Defense Com- 
mittee, declared that 90 percent of the loyalty cases in the Post Office Depart- 
ment involved Negroes and Jews. Yet, he said, not a single act or utterance 
of disloyalty has been charged against a postal employe. 

Two defendants in the trial of the Communist leaders, John Gates and City 
Councilman Benjamin J. Davis, Jr., received ovations when they spoke. Mr. 
Gates denounced Fetleral Judge Harold Medina for his "sneering, insulting atti- 
tude." Admitting that some of the defendants had concealed certain facts to 
get employment, he called it "shameful that any Jew, Negro, or Catholic must 
conceal facts to get a job." 

Mr. Davis said charges that the Communists were conspiring to overthrow 
the Government were a smokescreen thrown up by "the men of Wall Street, 
the imperialists who wish to conquer the world, to drown all peoples in blood, 
to suck the world dry for their own profits." 

Farrell Dobbs, national chairman of the Socialist Workers Party, was booed 
down by the audience when he attempted to say the conference "is concerned 
only with the Communist Party and its associates." Last Thursday, President 
Truman referred to the conference as "that gang." 

Mr. Davis and Paul Robeson spoke at a dinner of the conference last night. 
They will speak again at the closing session today, as will Representative Vito 

Exhibit No. 63B 

[The New York Times, Monday, July 18, 1949] 

Rights Group Bars Socialist Pardon 



A resolution calling for restored civil liberties for members of the Socialist 
Workers party, a Trotskyite organization, was decisively rejected yesterday by 
800 delegates to a Bill of Rights Conference at the Henry Hudson Hotel. 


The resolution was the only one of twenty-one prepared by a conference com- 
mittee that was not passed intact. It originally read : "We call upon the Presi- 
dent to grant pardons and restore the civil liberties of the eighteen members 
of the Socialist Workers party convicted under the Smith Act for the advocacy 
of its political program." 

After protests by Paul Robeson, singer and Soviet apologist ; Simon W. Gerson, 
publicity director of the Communist party, and James Durkin, president of the 
United Office and Professional Workers of America, CIO, the session adopted a 
substitute resolution. It read : "We pledge to defend all anti-fascist victims of 
the Smith Act." 


In speaking for denial of civil liberties to the Socialist Workers party, Mr. 
Robeson asked the conference, "Would you give civil rights to the Ku Klux Klan?" 

"No," chorused the delegates. 

"These men are the allies of fascism who want to destroy the new democracies 
of the world," the singer shouted. "Let's not get confused. They are the enemies 
of the working class." 

Speaking in favor of the resolution was Paul J. Kern, former Municipal Civil 
Service Commissioner and acting chairman of the conference. He said that free 
speech should not be denied to any group because of a difference of political 

Prof. Thomas Emerson, of the Yale University School of Law, also defended the 
advocacy of civil rights for the Trotskyite party. He said that a denial of 
political freedom for any party, irrespective of its platform, would constitute "a 
repudiation of the Bill of Rights." 

Farrell Dobbs, national chairman of the Socialist Workers, vigorously attacked 
exclusion of his party from civil rights protests. 

"Either this conference is going to vote to defend the civil rights of everyone 
or prove on the record that so far as the Communist party is concerned you would 
rather wreck a cause than support those with whom you do not agree," Mr. 
Dobbs said. 


After Mr. Robeson's attack, the resolution was defeated with only a scattering 
of opposition from the floor. 

Mr. Robeson, in an address to the conference, reaffirmed in essence his previous 
statement that the Negro people would not take part in "an imperialist war." 

"AVe will fight for peace everywhere and the Negro people will be in the fore- 
front of that struggle, whatever a few phony guys are saying," he asserted. "The 
Negro people will be a powerful weapon, like China, that will pull its weight in 
the fight for freedom in the world." 

Speaking of his loyalty to the United States, Mr. Robeson concluded, "The 
final test is that I am here in America today, fighting for my people, whatever the 
consequences may be, and here I intend to stay." 

Following Mr. Robeson's address, a resolution affirming that "Paul Robeson 
does indeed speak for us in his fight for Negro rights and in his fight for peace" 
was adopted unanimously by the 346 Negro delegates. 


The twenty resolutions adopted unanimously by the two-day conference regis- 
tered opposition to the conspiracy trial of the eleven Communist leaders, the 
Presidential loyalty order, the House Un-American Activities Committee, deporta- 
tion for political belief, lynching, and the Taft-Hartley Act, among others. 

The conference also called for an end to investigations by the Federal Bureau 
of Investigation into political, rather than criminal, activities. The delegates 
also voted for immediate enactment of a full Federal civil rights program. 

At the morning session Representative Vito Marcantonio charged that indict- 
ment of the Communist leaders was "the ill-begotten child of unscrupulous 
politicians who were playing a most dangerous fascist game.'! 

The American Labor party leader told the conference that the eleven Com- 
munists were indicted only because "un.scrupulous backers of Harry Truman, 
in consort with the Attorney General, decided it would be a good vote-getting 
proposition" during the 1948 election campaign. 



Exhibit No. 64A 

y V^s(ational ^J^s^- partisan Committee 
TO KPin TK Htm of tk it mnmimst leaiers 


*Yid»y -a^pteabpr 9, 1948 
■•« York ^i'orld-telvgrMi 


Tour S«pt«»Vr ith li*u« carried «£ •rliclr b> iij- . «r>'i)>iicic "olizAu, 
In whlcb b« uyi, "Hh«n th« kobraoa 'non- Partisan Coanlttre' wtg launobed 
officially thM oth*r day, kr. Errn'a aajcc was omittad." ^Ic •tatcBan la 
not trutf and wp ask ttu>t i t b» oorrrcUd. A copy of th« pr«it r<l«asa 
officially launching th« !*an-?artlaan Conidtt^r la eoclosed. In fact 
1tr« f^ul Krra is oor of the original sponaora of our oovittre. 

ttr. Paul Xprn togrthrr vith kr. ^'^rUa H. Mouaton of kaahin^ton 1>. C. 
and 1^. Kaltar Dodd of Chicago ia at preaant alao actlof aa ap^ciel couoacl 
for threo of the 1£ daltod«nta« on trial In ^oley Square • 

Our praaa ral<-aac of Auguat 26 th clearly out lint a the work of the coeanittra. 
Liaa, diatortiena and red baiting in th' preaa only go to prove to the people U.e 
i&portanee of our wor'ic. It ia oecut-ing incrcaaingly clrar to tl.r iv^rittii 
paoplr that the freedoai of evwryona ia in ^coparJy, unleaa there ia freeduB 
for everyone, includioc the caaouiiiata* 

T»ura truly, 
Vatianal Ion-?artiaan Cgntittee 

iatianal Ion-?a: 

fAw. toatsoM - 


MTHU C4.At(l»CI PAttlt 

Mts. THftuA at lOj'NiCN v/ 

PH.. (LKS Cl'il UlllTlfS COMM 

wASHiN«roH, 0. c 


CO-OlAitMAN S C. *V\jtUCMt ^AtTT 


not loutu nnuom imith .- •"* '®"' 



OHCA60. Ki. 

A^nnoM, Mww 


Exhibit No. 64B 

Nation*! Nof».p*rfi,.„ CommiH,* to M.nd the Right, of the 12 Commum,t Letder. 


W.iUm, O»f.ton 


C''«'>c"> A. B«u 
Ed-s'3 BsHow 
Huqh t-y\on 

Ho»«-i Edwin S«««ti«9 
Edd* T«n9«r 


Be. w " ,~ H^ 8wr«»f«. Jr 
S«mu*l D. M«nin 
Mrs. H«rv*Y W»*b 


Jacob E. Molmat 
Dr. John M. M*rMlk« 


froi. E. Fr»nH.i Fruj«r 

W,!l.,m Gi«i«r 

John H. Martin, 

David Rain 

Ttiar»»« Laa Robinion 

TKom«i G. Samplar 


S)aHon Kannady 


l«rl n MartKall 


Alica S. Balattar 
Solon C. Ml 
Dr Ray A. m,nqto» 
Doro»ky Bus'inall Cola 
ErnMt Da Maio 
Jotaph Edalman 
TKa'aw C. Eh-lich 
JoiapS M Evenj 
At>a Fir«ql«i| 
R«bb. David &raub«ii 
A!fon»o lannaRi 
Michaal Lavfn 

WiiU'd Mott«y 

Grant W. Oalat 
Fatfiar Claranca Partar 
C'. Bo'ij Rubanitam 
Ml. J. RintaJI 
Antonio Rublo, Ph.D. 
Raboi Samual Te.t»!baum 


N L Croaby 

WJIard B. Raniom 


Chat. P. Howard 


D'. J. 

Tha Rav. M.chaal Milian 



Rofcai a An'hcny 

WJI,,m Harr.ion 

Rav, Kannath da P HuqKa. 

Eloraica H. Luteomb 

Ltitha' K. Macnair 

D-. Barta!-.n f-. M.l»a- 

Df. Louiia Pat'«bona S»^.'h 

tr>c A, Starfeuck 


Rav E-na«t W. A-^o- 
Rav. Charlaa A. Hill 


Bart*ia Andarton 
E^n^#^ A. Banaoii 


Dou^lai MacLaod 


Chat KinMy 


Francii J. Baalay 
Abraha'^ Walaako 


Halan F. Alfrad 
Gaorga Charlin 
Dr A. R. Malnicofi 
Richard J. Ryan. Jr. 
Ruth Younq 

NEW YOWC Baniamm 
Prof. Ed.n Ba-'y Bu'gum 
Sam Burt 
Sol. H. Cohn 
Prof. EpHralm Ci>U 
Rav Jo^in W. Darr. Jf 
0', A-fo'd Dcaw* 
Or. W. E- t. Du Bo J 
Jamai H. Duriin 
fr»nk Dutto , 
Howard FiMt 
Sh 'iay Graham 
Ban Gold 
B 2 Gotdbarq 
toa^t Guintar 
Robn''t Gwathmay 
JUta Haqan* 

Lao Jand^aau 
Ph,l,p O. K«»r,ay 

Alfred C. Kv,cM«r 

Andraw La-edu 
Corg. Ma-c»'*c-. 
Dr. Wm. H. Me .H 
Prcf. Pt:',',p Momion 
Cap*. Hu9^ M.iac 
Gac'qa B. Mu'p*-y. Jr 
Cl'flo'd Odatt 

W- ,~ _ 
M,. ,, . 
A t--. f .-;,. 

M^f'.^ Per car 
*-■ ' *.*mr.«' 

'-■-" -'--"- SciW* 
Arr-,^. U^^yt*. 

M»-> V»n Kiaaet 
:-- -s-i Ve'a'di 
v.. ,.,. w,-d 
P :' Ge-9 W«:t<iK 
Joseph W.noqradiiY 


E^- •< Bjo'lman 


Don C. MatcSan 


Prof Hanry Biuwbar^ 
RuMali H. Chase 
Hu9^ 0» Lacy 
ThelT-a C Furry 
Ray G 'gar 

Barra-d V McGroarty 

E I a R Tarcai 

Prof Hanry N W.amaa 

Caiv.n Brook 
A!v n B. Chri.tman 
David Davi 

Dons'd Henda'*"" 
Mrj, C^aiotte K. Krall 
W. f McCaba 
Aieia^a*' Wr^gh* 
G»o-ga S. Wiichlnich 


A ce-t J Hatl'nqton 

M-» Arid'a. W S'mk.nt 


Tr-r^ Ludwiq 

M't Clara M. V,nc»«t 


y ■).-:» Curr 

M-s B:£.ba M R.ddicI 


Cr. B Marriam 
*A i.i am J Pannocl 


r< -. -. VoidaM 


l»o K-:>cli 


Exhibit No. 65 

[Times-Herald, Washington, D. C, Tuesday, August 15, 1944] 

Mrs. Strange Red Publicist 

Mrs. Dorothy S. Strange, Negro feminist and student of racial politics, has 
been named press director of the Communist Political Association of Washington, 
it was announced yesterday. 

A graduate of Miner Teachers College, Mrs. Strange is a member of the Wash- 
ington Council of the National Negro Congress. She was active recently in 
organizing "Oust Bilbo" mass meetings in protests against the Mississippi Sena- 
tor's poll tax stand. 


Exhibit No. 66A 


vr! -( -'Kf AUFH • ; ■! 

. . i- ih<- ifrc 111 ^^ I 1 rn -^ -n - ^- < 

... ■ : fi^« irf Pilmcr Rai.i CJKS. the S^i.'- 
jn : V jn/cni. Hr:nJon. >n.! V^tt^N^ui . J^^^ 
During iho pcti.v! ot hf. wr^i t i.i the ACrFH. 
shf i>i;ticir»l«i in '^ Supicmf (r>uit fi/jht ir 
iht BnJgo. SchociJtinun. and Hins.jJf' 
it_y^ J* irrll « p<-:i«m*M\ h-^n !:inc h-:n1re'- 
r4 (ASfs tnvolvmg immigfitton. lutunlizjooo 
•nJ Jcportiiion. anJ J.ivmns in thruunJ~ ui 
'airt ttirougbout th« c^iinUT The lamiiv an*"' 
(urn* of Ofo! Kitlj! »iil holi a mrcuis .D 
ir>hutf to hri hff an! «rrk on FitvruJn 1 X ai 
Hmrl A«or. Nc» Vo.K f !■; (>:.!T nifni.. :iJ 
m«iin(j5 ait bring vJi*.ii::c.i bv i»:«i group* 
(hroug^M^ut the n>ualn 

Nationwide Tour 
For Abnar Oroen 

<>i Dctftiiht' r4. Aboci Grern. ncvut 
^tttirr of the ACPFB. »»s release-! fn>m i 
Fr-ir^al C i r \ -ni' In<t,tu-inn a- DiiiSu 

Prtrr Hin-,a' 

n. b^- i 1 

Nrm- Vu.k 

Sitnili' f--- • ■ ■ 

ibroiighoui thi 

country' ano Lrrf :. i.. ^* 

iinawvlr -ur 

has been oiganiie>i 


— Gan-. Indiiinj 

Fef 9— Ch.c.go. I!l.noi% 

Feb. 10— M.l«auLcT. Wo 

Feb 1. 

— Oe%el.nJ. Ohio 

Feb lv_Akion. Ohio 

Feb 14— Detioit. Mi>h 

Feb It 

—Pittsburgh. Pa 

Feb 29 Cit^elan '. Ohio 


1 — D«-oit, Miiblgar 


4— Chi.i(«n, llhrvM- 


^ M 1/-, :^ M 


'- Kan..,v ( •• ^' 


8 -Uo An^-.r. 1 .. 


16-San Fiancivc. o: 


l<> — Sacramento, Cal 


20 — Poriand, Ot'f n 


:i Aitona. Ore/:.m 


2: -Seattle. Via>h 


:4— Everett. W«h 


2^— Tacoma. Wxch 


26— Spolune W.i\h 


27— Mioneapolii. Minn 


29— lioo»<«xi, Mih 


»cw Dulut),. M.r.n'- ■■ 

Ralvgie Roman Mar1)n«i 

Sofloutly III in Chicago 

Refugio Rn^Tut^ Marline;, totrt>ei oijjnijrr 
(01 the no Pickinghouv ^Torkeri cuitrtr,' a 
'f-rrbral hrinorrhage duiing Deccrriber The 
lustier Defcartment had noliire^ him of lU in 
'entinn to J^r<xe^'^ imnv iutelv with his depo't 
alioo to Meiico Mr Martinez, a leader of 
the Mniian American community m Chuif:" 
has been defended by the Midwest Commi'-ee 
tor Piwectii^n of Fo:eign Born, which is lalU 
iryf Chicago organizations fo: all pc'ssibl< ai ; 
to Martinet duciog has convaleKmce 


Dec.. lOM-U, 
.N'umber "0 


(,«r<il KiugV courage jikI bnlli.ini. swil 
tiimn itiilrlibly marked in tlie record of lli.' I, 
Slates. Her leadership among alturness ,-(.i.,,,;, .,, 
bom, \\w left a tradition which is an insjiir.iti.i:i to al! 
with her. 

(.arol King ii»<-il her preat knowlcd»:r of '' 
for ^jin but sMth lK.Idne»s jiid irn ^ 
*«nil« of |>.o(i|o. ittifoirl lilt iipJ "IiUl.-."" \, li.. . 
an.-.- II. r Iuk. Iia.^ lefl .,.,,,.:, 
in tlic (li-lil til, ru;, 
arhifs.-moiil.. 111 li-ii.ill ..\ • . ■ : 
»lrugple lo i-nd llir <l>'|>.iri.ili..ii li\ ..i. tu .uoi 1 ! 
\w\ lo ssiii full Moi,,r\ III llic (i;:lil 1,, |,ri -orv 

ilxri.! and will re- 
r.jliN in iIk- I nited 
!i< Id of till' foreign 
111 kill s> and wurkeii 

ill' < oii.'liliilion not 
o- dcli-nsf of thou- 

- oh i. I .irid a>»isl- 


.1 h. r 

n till- 

1 liorD, 


fin J.iiui.irs 2. thr I > -ii|.r. 100 I 
Jui»liri- Dcparlnirnl* .ijipral from flu- d<«i-i •' 
U illiaui (.. Malho*. in the of vj. 
deporlation'.ion of llio Met .irr.ui I .t\- 
( 1 .u -.ri,..n „ic,i1m-,| |,r 
r,!,„-„ ..nliri.! .l,|..,rl..l «li.. <- 
ration HI ^i.i..l f,.iili f..r Inc. I •. .:: 
from iho I ml.-. I -i .!■ - 1 ii. 1 "■ \n.-. 
Born \- d.-f.t,.liu^ -|.. .!■ 1 ii. :1,. 
\npel<>. .illiiriHs. i« rcprtMntini; liiiii 111 iio 
pointed out that thi» it- llio fir-.l lest < li.ill<-npil 
si. ion of llo- \Irl I .is> -iiio.- its (■n.rliii. 

..ri lllr^e 

! .reifni 

. ;t,! , .111 - iti. At.l'FB 
llio coiisliluliouality of a pro- 


IIk r.clit I., |..r n...,..!. l- i - ■ << !• ■ .■•.■• ■ '■'■ ■ ^- - ^t- 

pued bcliir. ihr ! - -uj.i.iu. ' -n' 

bawd on llio Id" lit i..ur o .11-. iii?. Ii- t 

more than 'iv tuontli-. .m.l J..liu /^ i..k. i !i' it "'is 

jail for morr ili.iti fu. no.tiili" l.,ii..v .11. ■ 
and arre'l-i of 1 li lolirr l'''.o. 1 ,ir..l Kiiu. ..I \. 
and John McTim.m. of L<» .\ngil<s r. pr. 

D.-pile lilt fart ihal iht I .>. "^upr.l.i'- 1 
lionrd llie cout<litiilionalils of denial of b.rl 
cecilings .\lloniev General Met. rath rrnis%. 
in the caw of Martin Vounu. who ssa» irr. - 
be<-n held i«ince without bail on l-llis I-I.oi I 
Martin ^ ouii)! is married to .111 Aiii. rn ,111 ' \'ii 
ican-born children. K writ of habe.ip corpu- 
(lourt Juilge Diniock. 

;: /wl„k, 

• M 11.1 l-lind four. 
iiij n rliorari. qiiea- 
■ in iliporiaiion nro- 
II the ntht l<i bail 
: .''1. |0:,1. and has 

r -1.1.111 ..f the I'.*., 

I 1- ill. 1 'lo r .if isMi Anier- 
i-mi--i il hs t.d.r.l District 

Exhibit No. 66B 



During Decenibor. the L. S. Supreme Court heard argument ami took 
under adviscmenl llic .ippcals in the Smith Act deportation cases of Peter Ilaria- 
iade*. of .Nc»« ^ ork. .ind fJur.i Colenun, of Philadelphia. W hile awaiting a de- 
cision h\ the ^^lprenle ("ourt on these cases, testing the constitutionality of 
deport.ilion lor pa*t membership in the l^ommunist Party, the Justice De- 
partment oontiiuied its harassment of non-citizens and brought the total num- 
ber of non-citizens arrested during the current deportation hysteria to more 
than 2IX1 

Board of Immigration Appeals 

On IVn ndnr ;;!. ilu- FJoard of liiiniif;ralioii Appeal* sustained the de- 
portaiuin .'l' Jack and Ada Crewe, of San Viitonio. lexas; on Jaiiuar> I. that 
of \ mci-nl keiiienovich. of Pittsburgh; and. on Januar) 15. that of Frank 
t .irlsoii. of I CI* Viicfl.!.. Vrgiinimt <ui appeal.* in more than 2". c isi>, in wliich 
I Kmc wj* lo \\,t\e appe.ired, has been postponeil lo March a* » rf-ult 
of Mrs Kiii»:'» death Other coumud are now being retained to argue the appeals. 

Commissioner of immigration and Naturalization 

*«ii>iirr of Inunigr.ilion and NaUiralizalion 
ce, and certain death, of I.eon t. allow, sleel 

worker of Nilis. Ohio, father of nine .\inerii ,iii-born children. The (.".allow ease 

IS being appealed to the Board of liiiMiigralioii .\ppeaU. 

Hearing Officers 

Reconniiendaliou* for deportation were fileil by Hearing Officers in the 
followin,: cas<-«: Jame« Keller, of (Chicago ijanuar\ T); Paul (line, of '^aii 
Francisco January ITi; Harry Carlisle, of Los .\ngele» iDecember 26'. 


Slcuhcnvillr. Ohio: On December J7. Peter Shikas. .S5, natiie of Russia, 
father of twn .\nierican-bom childrm. released on J^.i^X) hail. 

San Aran. IXD, Cal.: On January 11, Nalhdn Hiukin. .")-. natue of Russia. 
husband of an American citizen, released on SC.'-iki bail. 

I.os Anp^U>. ( al. On January -J. lienaro (Garcia, lo. of ^^ iluiington. nati\e 
of .\lexico, father of an .\nierican-borii child, nienib<r of .AFL Laborer's I. nion. 
Local 802, bail set at ?2.i>Xi, On Januarv H. Augustina Baltierr.i, to. a resident 
of the L'. S since \'^]3. native of Mexico, bail mM at Si."*"!. 

Puirto Riiu Edunia Raniirez. < ubaii-born wife of Ramon .^Ilrabel, leader 
of the t onimuni't Part\ of Puerto F{ico. was arrrstti during December in de- 
portation proceeding! and released on S2.'""' bail posted b\ the Civil Liberties 
Commiltees of Puerto Rico. 

On Jaiui.irv Jl. lli.- < 
sustained the di fiorlalion I 



New Vo 
sev eral 
offK»> w 
and nat 


Januarv I'', the A Pl. KB opened a Harlem office al i' ^ <^-«l !"ir>th ''tree!. 
rk Cn\ (reared to hanJU the sj.eciai prob)em« of the ^ e»t Indian and 
'peaking communities, the office will b<- •ta:;'-d bv Mr- L'CitolL) 
Naturalization Aid Director of the \P',FB The Harlem office was 
ffficialh wiih a reception honfrin; VIr' *Trjn.-<- and ^ti^ni" i bv 
-onimunitv !• ader« a- wej! as r' presentatne* of civic and fraternal 
ti.iiis in New ^ ork LHirins the fir«t month of its work, the Harlem 
as ".rvKini jn averaEt- 'd 1' peojde a we«-k with their immigration 
uralizatmii problems 


During Januarv, the Justice Department initialed denaturalization pro- 
ceedings against f^orge Tacheff, Bulgarian-.\merican of Detroit, Michigan. 
Tacheff, 66. came lo the U. S. in I9M and was naturalized in 1946 in Detroit. 
His case brings to 13 the number of denaturalization proceedings inJtiatfd by 
the Justice Department in its current attack on the rights of naturalized .'Vmeri- 
can citizens. The only action in these cases occurred when a Federal Court 
hearing was scheduled suddenly last month in the case of Sam Sweet in De- 
troit. Five dav« before the hearings were 'cheduleij lo start, the Justice De- 
partment requested a poslponemenl and the case went over to May. 

D«perlatlen for Affiliation 
PrcMad by Juitic* Department 

On I>ctinSir ."',, ihc Bua '■ ■I Immigiition 
Appeali iii«l.imtJ the rfcfwiialu-in rt An.itf» 
Dn-.yimhyn vn !h< giounJ ihji Dm>iry5hyn. 
by his .Tit-nihttv.htp in j insurance m 
j:.iniul.oa ('h.- Inl.:n.,-,..nji VCiirkerv O.dct) 
»jv sfthiieJ »i!h a vi>-i.iUr.i proscnheJ or- 
ganizatmn (tin C ninriiunivt Party) The 
.^CPFD chirjitcrije.i she Jusinc Dcpartmeniv 
deti«ion as > ciangcrf)us nicntiun oi the de- 
jv.iraii.n drive and an aiicmpi to cvtabliih 
'hi iin AniciKan pitnttpic td guih hy asjoci. 
lion. I he Committee announced that the Jus- 
tice Department s decision would he challenged 
in the Federal courrs since basic issues oi civil 
:it;his ,ue attecsed m she Dmylrvshyn case The 
.'\( PFb vated also (hat. Because et nation- prctesl, the Justice Depirtmcn; was 
f. lied t.i modil'y its oiigiaa! intentions In its 
iicision in the Dmviryshyn case, the Bturd ot 
Iminigiaiion Appeals st.«ej that, 'we exclude 
juni the condusii^ns reached in this case the 
.'i.iinary rank and-lilc memberj of the I>X'0 
who joined merely (or the cheap insuiance ben- 
tiits. and took no part in directing or loimu- 
Uting the policies oi the o.'gaoizatian ' Isidore 
J nglan.ler. New York attornev. is represcnliog 
Dirrvtryih-. n m tht leponation proceedings 

Dora Coleman Honored 

By Philadelphia Groups 

On 'a.-_i:-. ;« .''V..' ielphra ocganiutioos 
!. :n-.: ;n r^^'mj; r.'.b ite •.■^ Mis Dora Coleman. 
«. ■>.>«« depotaiion ca^e is now pending before 
•--.e- 1' 5 S-p.-eme C,'-..:t Mr* CoServan. long 
: r.r .e^r-ier: ot t.'ie L' S. n (r.a.-ncJ lo an 
Ane.-:,a.i c:t:rea is the'ie: of three 
A.—e-rca.i-Sorn .'h;;::er) Speai^e.-s a: t.He tcsti- 
r.r.:i'. r.-icJude.: Rev R Forho md 
f*.i.-;h Frrei.T.;n n.t:;Cffli:iv p:o.T.;nent rmmi- 
.C'i'.ra arr-.-.-oev Tne ::;bure was spons^-red bv 
■-t :.-■ D«enJ D"ri GSeman. ot 

Bonque* Pay» High Tribute 
To Green ond Horiiiodes 

■: pe-^iple gith- 10 honor 
:f ;.Se ACPffi 

Internationol Federation Protests 
Deporttrtion of 34 Women from U. $. 

.feni of Ihc Fe !i 
"f Its action 

inl'.rirr! thr At PfB 

85333 O — 57 — pt. 2 10 





Executive Secretary 


BfflfRicfln cflniniiiTH for 

PRflTfCTlOO Of fORflGO BflRIl 

23 WEST 26th STREET 

NEW YORK 10, N. Y. 

MUrray Hill 4-3457 


(Partial Lilt) 
Rev. Paul J. Allured 

Dr. Dorothy Brewster 
Prof. Emily C. Browr 
Rev. Raymond Calkini 
Rev. Frank D. Campbell 
Dr. A. J. Carljon 
Prol. Rudolf Carrap 
Rev. Marie A. Chamberlin 
Rabbi Franllin Cohn 
Dr. Abratiam Cronbach 
Dr. William Wellj Denton 
Dr. Katherine Dodd 
Dr. W. E. B. DuBoij 
Rev. Kenneth Ripley Forbej 


; J. Fri 

Huqo Gelle 
John T. Goiack 
Rabbi Robert E. Goldburg 
Dr. Marcus I. Goldman 
Rev. L. A. Gross 
Dr. Harry Grundfest 
Prof. Albert Guerard 
Ralph H. Gundlach 

Dr. Alic 


ell Ha 
Hugh Hardyman 
William Harrison 
Rev. Clarence 0. Herriott 
Dr. Preston Holder 
Prof. Mervin Jules 
Prof. Erich Kahler 
Rev. Spencer Kennard, Jr. 
Hon. Robert W. Kenny 
Dr. John A. Kingsbury 
Or. Paul H. Uvietes 
Ray Lev 

Dr. Bernard M. Loome. 
Prof. Oliver S. Loud 
Hon. Robert Morss Lovett 
Prof. Curtis! MacDougall 

Hon. Stanley Moffatt 
Prof. Philip Morrison 
Prof. Gaspare Nicotri 
Wlltard Ransom 
Bertha C. Reynolds 
Earl Robinson 
Prof. Robert A. Rosenba 
Prof. Philip L. Schenk 
Prof. Vide D. Scuddor 
Dr. Laila Skinner 
Prof. William T. Starr 
Prof. Sernhord J. Stern 
Prof. Ellen B. Talbot 
Dr. Alva W. Taylor 
Judge Ed«ard P. Totten 
Dr. Willard Uphaus 
Prof. Leroy Waterman 
Prof. F. W. Weymouth 
Dr. Joyce Wike 
Dr. James D. Wyler 

Dear Friend { 

Every field of American life is affected by the Walter- 
McCarran Law. Despite the fact that the Law was supposedly in- 
tended to place foreiga-born .Americans in a second class status, 
its actual result la to stifle the democratic life of all Ameri- 

Freedom of the Press, a long cherished freedom fought 
for since pre- revolutionary days, is seriously in Jeopardy because 
editors and newspapers workers of foreign birth are being hounded, 
harassed, persecuted and arrested taider Walter- McCarran Law pro- 

Deportation or denaturalization proceedings have been 
initiated agaLinst it newspaper and magazine editors in an attempt 
to destroy these publications, which are vociferously opposed to 
current repressive measures by the Washington administration 
against its opponents . 

Enclosed is An Open Letter to the Attorney General of 
the United States pretesting the threat that Walter-McCarran Law 
proceedings contain for the American concept of Freedom of the 
Press. We urge that you use this Open Letter to secure signatures 
among your friends and associates . 

Because these attacks on these individuals, and many 
others, require vast sums cf money to fight in the courts and 
through public campaigns, we hope that you will also appeal to 
those who sign the Open Letter tc contribute to the fight. 

With many thanks for your cooperation, 

Sincerely yours , 

George B. Murpliy, Jr 


Exhibit No. 68 





V t«» ff 










Co Chairmen 




Eneculivp SerrpUry 




Assi'-tflit Serretary 

\ Pollih 


Financial Secretary 













DORA OZANIAN, Buiqarian 




CHARLES MUSIL. C/echoslcval 






























Exhibit No. 69 

)J? c r I i' ,! >> C 1.^ >n »J; I / / I . 


.iffORD A COCuf-U 

/- o ; 


Lmnt Ad«mic 

IV M»rr, ti«»* l^fnffs 

/laiBrlcan CItH Liberties Onion 
31 Onion Squar* We»t 
Haw York City 

••;'B« !> Co*»»* 

> «^ . tlTMl 


w •> J. McCsanX 

Dear Prlenda: 

Enelosod plaaaa find racelpt for tw»r.t t-' '. ve 
dollars (f2S»00l paywent of yo'ir Jan n'j '■- 
atallm«nt < 

We greatly »j,pr«ol<«t4> your coop'erat Ion arv! 

Slnc«*»lT yotir«, 
/ '/I 


# 1* e re t • r-T 

la: ma 




Exhibit No. 70A 




Monday, February 12, 1940 




Organized anti-democratic forces are threatening the security and freedom 
of human ptersonality and the rights of minority groups here in the United States. 
They are dividing, confusing and weakening those who wish to maintain our 
free democratic institutions. Such forces of oppression and fear, growing stronger 
because of the war in Europe, must not be permitted to overwhelm us. Never 
before have our constitutional liberties been under such concerted attack. At 
this moment we have a sjjecial responsibility as a united people to meet our 
danger and protect our rights. There arc literally thousands of non-f)olitical 
organizations in the City of New York which are vitally concerned with the 
maintenance of the Bill of Rights, with minority and neighborhood relations and 
with anti-democratic legislation. This Conference is for them. 

Robert W. Searle, Chairman 

9:30 A.M. 



Presiding Chairman : Dr. Max Yercan, Director, In- 
ternational Commitee on African Affairs 


2-5 P.M.— PANEL DISCUSSIONS— announcement of 

Panel Chairmen and Speakers on page 2 

Presiding Chairman: Dr. Frank Kingdon, President, 

University of Newark 
Reports of Panel Discussions 
Selection of Continuations Committee 


Dr. John Eluott. Senior leader, Society of 
Ethical Culture 

Congressman John M. Coffee 

Dr. Mary E. Wooluev, President Emeritus of Mt 
Holyoke College 

Professor K . N. Llewellyn, Columbia Law 

Roger N. Baldwin, Director, American Civil Lib- 
erties Union 

Samuel L. M. Barlow, National Emergency Con- 
ference for Democratic Rights 

Other Speakers to be Announced 

Room 508 


2 West 43rd Street, New York City 


Tel PEnnsylvania 6-7948 



Exhibit No. 70B 



1. How to focus our energies the better to 
preserve the rights of the foreign bom. 

2. How the foreign-language and foreign- 
bom groups can unite to preserve and en- 
large democracy for themselves and for 
all Americans. 

3. How to bring before the foreign-bom their 
duties and privileges as Americans. 

4. How to disseminate and coordinate the 
best in both foreign and American cultures 
that both may gain in understanding. 

Chairman of Panel: Dr. Frank Kincdon, President, University of 

Panel Speakers: Dr. Gerald F. Machacek, President, United Cze- 
choslovak American Societies 
Erwin H. Klaus, Editor, The German-American 
YouNCHiLL Kano, Ncw York University 
Edward Corsi, Deputy Commissioner, Department of Public 


Irving Novick, Acting Secretary, American Committee for the 
Protection of the Foreign Bom 

M. Garrica, Int'l Vice-President, Hotel and Restaurant Work- 
ers Union 

Nathaniel Philups, President, National League for American 

Dr. Emil Lenoyel 


1. What Democracy means to Religion. 

2. What Religion means to Democracy. 

3. What are the official attitudes of the Re- 
ligious Bodies toward all phases of Dis- 

4. What is involved in freedom of speech for 
the clergy. 

5. What is the Responsibility of the Church 
in the face of attacks upon Minorities. 

6. What practical methods are available to 
the Church. 

Chairman of Panel: Rev. Lorenzo H. Kino, St. Mark's Methodist 

Panel Speakers: Dr. Emanuel Chapman, Fordham University 
Rev. a. J. MusTE, American Labor Temple 
Rabbi Wiluam F. Rosenblum, Exec. Committee member, 

New York Board of Jewish Ministers 
Rev. John Paul Jones, Union Church of Bay Ridge 
Dr. Theodore F. Savage, President, the Greater New York 

Federation of Churches 
Rabbi David DeSola Pool, Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue 

1. Labor's Civil Rights 

2. Congressional Investigating Committees 

a. Dies Committee — its methodi, procedure 
and objectivei. 

b. The Smith Committee — its methods, pro- 
cedure and objectivei. 

c. The LaFoUette Committee — comparison of 
procedure with that of other Congressional 
investigating committees. 

3. Legislation and the Trade Union Move- 

a. Analysis of the Alien Bills. 

b. Criminal Syndicalism Laws. 

c. The application of the Sherman Anti-trust 

d. The Wages and Hours Law. 


Chairman of Panel: Leo Huberman 

Panel Speakers,: Merle Vincent, General Solicitor, Wages and 
Hours Administration 

Elmer Brown, President, Typographical Union, Local No. 6, 
A. F. of L. 

Nathan Green 

Gardner Jackson, Labor's Non-Partisan League 

Manning Johnson, Business Agent, Cafeteria Employees* 
Union, A. F. of L. 

Other speakers to be announced. 


1. Actual exf>eriences of violations of civil 
liberties in neighborhoods. 

2. Pending Legislation against Civil Liberties. 

3. What the Neighborhoods are accomplish- 

Legislative conferences; citizens' nghts groups; 
neighborhood papers; the financing of neigh- 
borhood groups. 

4. Practical steps to be taken to further or- 
ganization in the neighborhoods. 

Chairman of Panel: Dean Ned H. Dearborn, New York University 
Panel Speakers: Hon. Stani^y M. Isaacs 
Hon. Vrro Marcantonio 
Dr. Leonard Covello, Principal, Benjamin Franklin High 

Thomas E. Stone, Executive Director, New York City Coor- 
dinating Committee for Democratic Action 
Lester Granger, Secretary, Committee on Negro Welfare, 
Welfare Council of New York 



Exhibit No. 70C 

1. Personal Experiences Dealing with: 

a. Minority Discrimination in Our SchooU. 

b. Student Organization and Relationi. 

c. Faculty Organization and Relationi. 

2. Education and Propaganda. 

3. Legislative Threats to Our Educational 

4. What Has Been Done to Counteract Anti- 
democratic Tendencies in the Field of 

5. Practical Steps That Must Be Taken to 
Preserve Academic Freedom. 

Chairman of Panel: Professor Walter Rautenstrauoh, Colum- 
bia Univeruty 

Panel Speakers: Dr. Charles H. Fisher, former president. West- 
em Washington College of Education 
Dr. Be^ijamin Harrow, College of of the City of New York 
Prof. Robert K. Speer, New York University 
Dr. Bella V. Dodd, Legislative Representative, New Yoik 

State Federation of Teachers' Unions 
William A. Hamm, Asst. Superintendent of Schools 
Prof. Doxey R. Wilkerson, Howard University 

This program, containing the names of the speakers, is a supplement to the original Call to the Conference 
issued January 3, 1940. Those organizations which have not as yet signified their intention of sending delegates, 
are urged to do so, by filling out and mailing without delay the Application for Credential printed below. 

Discussion will be limited to domestic problems related to civil rights, minority and neighborhood rela- 
tions and to anti-democratic legislation, with special emphasis up)on these problems in New York City. 

The main purpose of the discussion in each Panel will be to determine the best and most fruitful methods 
of coping with the dangers threatening the civil rights and security of citizens in their neighborhoods and in 
the legislative assemblies of the state and nation, and what program of action can be developed by churches, 
schools, labor unions, settlements, fraternal orders and otiicr organizations to meet these threats. 

No resolutions will be entertained by the chairmen of the panels or of the general meetings. 

Before adjournment of the panel meetings the delegates in each panel will nominate representatives from 
their respective panels for membership on the Continuations Committee, which will be empowered by the Con- 
ference to devise means of continuing the work of the Conference. 

Guest tickets arc available for interested individuals. The charge for these tickets is $1. 


2 West 43rd Street, Room 508, New York City PEnnsylvania 6-7948 

Name of Organization - 

Address - .— 

Number of members - - — 

Our organization will cooperate with the Greater New York Emergency Conference on Inalienable Righti 
through (check participation deiired). 




We shall be represented by the following delegates or observers. {An ortanization maj sitnify immidiaiilj itt disirt t» 
tponsor or partieipalt, and later rigisttr Iht nanus of its deltfates or obstrvtrs.) 

Name of Delegate or Observer - — — — - 

Name of Delegate or Observer _ _ 

Address City _ 

Registration Fee: $1 per delegate or observer, with the exception of youth groups which will be charged $.50 

( Signed ) Name _ 

Each organization is entitled to two delegates or to two observers. 
Contributions for the support of this conference are cordially invited. 


Exhibit No. 71 



tEiml €»ir» ■ ■ f iiiiiii 

» '■ * H> ' ■> ♦ 

508 N fUlMOHf STKfet. A»llNGrON. VHCINI* 
TElfPMONl C. lElf 7261 
C*«t MAI2ANI. Dl«£CTO« 


;..arch 11, 194R 

D.ja.r rriend. 

Why have wc got inflation? Wh>'s to blvr.c-'i V u'v.) t, ..-d 
"If lubor asks for higher -.Vagos, won't prices ^ ■ ^•■-:-'i" what aoc-it "short production" industry talks uo^utv 

:...js.j -r- -. •: - r tr.ii vju.-^ ti-.;.t oiie.vorua .n THE GREAI SY.'iNDLE. 
i' flln., nt fir o.s .vj 'j.-.v, i.~ tn.- oni^ n.oviu -jver i..a-j ti.uu f<;rit\i£ly 
an<ilyzji> our .cc-.o^..,,- fro.:, labor's point of viu//. It .v..^ rrc;jced at t'.M" 
st-rt -f tnu .v^bO rais-j ozuvjaie,ns and it provld-s .^ll l:t.;r;, wnunitipn. 
Aut-^, coul, >,i,ctric u~rliar;c ., s. t, . ■ •, . ,.,/ other indus-riec are 

uS'-d uS ox-J-.pljs in tius c^^cr tj ,.A;'-.''i o:' 'f'.--:- and pr^fitc, 

THE GREAT SWl.vj^T. , uf.lizi:;., t.^j s -j, . (.X'-.t,;..: t -c.-.:: , q j ; 
which ri'idj DHAn.iNE FOa .-07:^. R> ■,'-_'ii.r, ct-m:. :; . i v- -ti n vit;: i;a:-fction. 

It tjiis thu stcry ^ :' . j. . :' ..•, > ~ -• ■■■^ ^!/^< . r ■--■ ;.;-i . t -.., f^tur ; .,7,U,:, :.. i:'^P.. ;. .;. .■.'..■-...■: r .-.. ;My 
.^ _, . J. r jli V) t:. '•■ ,r-t ,r r ;:.;'..:; :. .. r'.-' . ,i.^ .cj* r^ i •' - . ^ • - ■ , . :1 s 

i ,: . i .t;, 1. ui. I I. :Vi : i, tr:' . t •. : ' rlraiRht, a.. I .:. ■ , :• ■ 

tr.o rili:. tuKuS apart all ti.e VM argu-i'e:.ts . V.'iti, fi-eat a: uracy, : *, r^v.s 
to lOi-. - .Sid to y^ur .udi iIiCj - hr.i b;,- C'lsi:.,.-- r": i.. . . :. t:.: :.: 

doliv ,rs ^r.otn- ,• . 

THE GREAT SWIMDIE is n t oru.,' THF arg.^' e t " r a wa»o -ai^e, 
It also illa-Tdn it' s, ^s !/,> i ';;.: c .:, u^, t, - e cicil u e- a -i 
of .vc?«.:s, ric.s .[.d rir-if't;.. .:.,.■ i :j . I'll' _: r r •^ r / . » t 

to a.'ii Sho.v :;. .n/ t -^ s i :' ":■ ; ii'b :!Oi.tiioi f^ 


Edith Marzani 
Distribution Director 

uopv/a 'd7 

V,L W/.;;! TC :iJi THE iP.EAT SWINDLE. SEND liS .'CPIE.:. 



WE MUST HAVE OUR r'l<i:«T b :' 

.IftMli . A.DDRESS 



Exhibit No. 72 


FagC y P«ay W mkmr, W»w York, Mtmimr, Pf«wi>l>w t. IHJ 


To Protest the W alter 'McCmr an Law 
and Free the. Ellis tsland Seven 


iic Ruts Nixon 

ic Ceoi^e B. Murphy, Jr. 
^ Harriet Barron 
ir Ewart Gaini«r 
if Carl Marxani ' 
if Mona Schneider 
if Qandia Jones 


Webster Hall, 119 East 11th Street 

AdmiMiom 50 cenU 

Auafictti American Committtm for FrotmeUmt of ■ 
Foreign Bom 


Exhibit No. 73 


y\ 23 V^ost 26th Stroot, N^V^ork 10; N.Y, 

< !> . Dooanber 30, 1952 


: ^r Friond, 

Stovo Nolson's llfo ia in danger. You can s'.vo him. 

A for./ days ago they looked hir. in "the hole" at notorious Rlmvnox 
J ;irl3or.» No bed, no light, no vfxr-n clothes, no mcdicino; only bread 

ti'-'.d "ater tc pat, and bits of tis.-Juo pu. -r to stuff in his ears so 
' _ ti.h t T infection there won't spread, 

J^d t:. .lay after Christmas v/as Steve Nelson's fiftieth birt'i.^ay; 

By then, ho had r'^ont nearly 170 days In prison, deprived o: 
y ' bail v.'hilo ho apr(i."'«i to the Pennsylvania Supreme Court, 
i^ /" Bo faoes tho lom otl tenoe~20 years— ever meted out for i ^ 
jj ,' orir:fi" of havinj -torcti. ■ Heas, under a law more infanous ovon tl^an 
) . \J the Sr.ith /vot. 

Of tho 8C-odd viot. .8 of '; . Sir,_t . A,ot, only he is denied bail. 

'fVith 20 years of this, 'ovo ill die in prison, 

u Will thoy suoooed? Who oi 'i rtop t!ion7 

' />- YOU oanl That is why wo are telling; you these siokoning facts. Your 
/ I i contribution can r.ake freedom for Stove Nelson possible, and we ask 
Y^-^ \ you, in tho naTie of human decency, liberty, and the saorednoso of a 
man's llfo, to give, 

f ^ . » o 

•' 'i '■■:>ur contributions can mount a oampaij^n to got Uelson out of the 
^. ^- Jileval Blawnox prison. They will finance an international drive for 
-, "^^ '. • i reedo.n. Already protests are mountinf; so rapidly that the war» 
>> , s dOi. c.^ Blawnox is complaining, 'H9 want more than that, V'e want 
/p-T Steve Nolson free,.. free to ha^o doctors heal him. to fight hl« 
' a- r'3al...,free to defend himself against Smith ;.ot chnrces,.,free »t 
. last from the Musmannos, Montgor.eryB, UoCarthys, and :'.oCarran« who 
\ are perseouting him. 

^ 7ou 0. free Steve Nelson. You can protect his life Hake Steve 
.ijT^oj T ^irthday a day of rejoloinc, Give him tne m-^t proo^ous 
blr .liuay cirt of all,,., his freedom. Contribute now aa much u;; you con. 


— "-Carl yirran 

')\ vdpow* (/ 


Exhibit No. 74 





I i! 









Exhibit No. 75 

[Daily Worker, New York, Wednesday, January 21, 1953, p. 7] 

U. S. Writers, Artists Urge Clemency 

The following writers have urged clemency for Ethel and Julius Rosenberg: 

Paul Robeson 
Albert Maltz 
Freda Kirchwey 
Howard Fast 
W. E. B. Du Bois 
Edwin Berry Burgum 
V. J. Jerome 
John T. McManus 
Arthur Garfield Hays 
Dr. Gene Weltfish 
Morris U. Schappes 
Maurice Becker 
Hugh N. Mulzac 
Albert Kahn 
B. Z. Goldberg 
Waldo Frank 
Carl Marzani 
Karen Morley 
Herbert Aptheker 
Arthur Pollock 
Yuri Suhl 
I. F. Stone 

Dorothy Day 
Samuel Sillen 
Frank Kleinholz 
Morris Carnovsky 
Howard da Silva 
Charles White 
Martha Schlamme 
James Aronson 
C^dric Belfrage 
William Reuben 
Hugo Gellert 
Alvah Bessie 
David Burliuli 
Ben Field 
Lucy Brown 
Arnaud d'Usseau 
Michael Gold 
John Howard Lawson 
Peter Blume 
Barnard Rubin 
Jack Levine 
Lester Cole 

Arthur Kahn 
Lou Gilbert 
Herbert Biberman 
Milroy Ingram 
Al Moss 

Edward Strickland 
Herb Tank 
Ossie Davis 
Gale Sondergaard 
Shirley Graham 
Leon Bibb 
Hope Foye 
Lloyd Brown 
Louis Harap 
Nelson Algren 
Millen Brand 
Alexander Saxton 
Da.shiell Hammett 
Rey Lev 
Philip Evergood 
Rockwell Kent 
Robert Gwathemy 

Exhibit No. 76A 

Summary Proceedings, Michigan Conference To Repeal the Walter-McCarran 
Law and Defend the Rights of Foreign-Born Americans 

The Conference was held in the Hotel Tuller, in downtown Detroit, Sunday, 
November 22, 19r»3. Tlie 152 delegates, observers, and visitors, including repre- 
sentatives of trade unions, fraternal groups, and youth organizations, expressed 
great enthusiasm during the Conference proceedings. A highlight of the Con- 
ference was tiie participation of the many Negro delegates who identified the 
attack on the foreign born with that on the Negro people. Delegates expressed 
the need for unity among all sections of the population to achieve the Conference 

The morning session, chaired by Mrs. Margarett Nowak, heard a report on the 
work and accomplishments of the Michigan Committee for Protection of Foreign 
Born by the Executive Secretary, Mr. Saul Grossman. Attorney George Crockett 
gave a comprehensive analysis of some of the current legal problems facing those 
under attack by the Walter-McCarran Law. 

After the lunch recess, the Conference reconvened into two working panels, 
one on the problems of defense, chaired by Conrad Komorowski, English-Polish 
journalist, and the other led by Mrs. Peggy Wellman, of the Michigan Com- 
mittee, on the problems of securing legislation to bring about the repeal of the 
Walter-McCarran Law. The excellent and often heated discussion by the par- 
ticipants in the panels brought forth the program of action enclosed with this 

The closing session was chaired by Thomas X. Dombrowski, editor of Glos 
Ludowy, Polish-American labor weekly. The main speaker of the afternoon was 
Mr. Carl Marzani, author and film producer, who received a standing ovation at 
the end of his fighting speech which hailed the tremendous scope of the anti- 
McCarthy movement. 

"Your fight to repeal the Walter-McCarran Law is an important part of this 
broad movement," said Marzani. "The wheel has turned, the American people 
are on the march, McCarthyism will be defeated." 


Exhibit No. 76B 


The entire program of the Defense panel came out of the discussion of the 
members of panel themselves, based upon their own experiences. The spirit of 
"offense is the best defense" breathed vitality and spirit into the discussion. 

The panel agreed on several simple and basic ideas. 

1. Every national group must have a defense committee. 

2. Every victim must be defended and have his or her own defense com- 
mittee; no matter how small, no matter where, be it in a union, an organiza- 
tion among friends, in a church, in a neighborhood. Meetings must be 
held regularly, even if they consist of only a few people. Leaflets and 
publicity should always be published in the language of the nationality group 
to which the person belongs, as well as in English. 

Such materials must be widely distributed. Experiences related at the 
panel show that the story must be told to everyone in detail. This includes 
not only present shopmates, friends, and acquaintances, but old ones also. 
It also includes figures in the nationality group community, such as doctors, 
lawyers, storekeepers, and so on. 

3. It was agreed that, without sacrificing attention to other cases, the case 
of Stanley Nowak should become the major campaign for concentration. 
Victims should link their cases to Nowak's — and the Nowak campaign will 
be linked to their cases. 

AH nationality group committees will hold meetings on the Nowak case, 
and distribute Nowak material. 

The Nowak case is a concentration because Nowak dramatically symbolizes 
the persecution of the foreign born. Nowak, a worker, labor organizer. 
State Senator for 10 years. Democratic Party leader in the Senate for 2 
years — who has proved his Americanism by deeds while the spotlight of 
publicity glared steadily on his acts and statements for years, is now slated 
for de-naturalization. 

4. The panel stressed strongly the need for the widest exchange of experi- 
ences, for the appearance of victims at affairs of other nationality groups 
and organizations. This exchange of exi)eriences will strengthen everyone. 

5. It was proposed that the Michigan Committee go on the radio. It can 
and must be done. 

6. Emphasis throughout the discussion was on organization. Organiza- 
tion is not only essential for the defense of the individuals, but it is equally 
imperative to strengthen the campaign to secure repeal of the Walter Mc- 
Carran Law. The widest contacts with the people and their organizations 
will be facilitated by the organization of defense committees which func- 
tion regularly. 

This program of action was adopted unanimously by the entire Conference. 

Exhibit No. 76C 


The following proposals were adopted as a guide for the organizations and 
individuals participating. It was stressed that the success of the Conference 
depended on the extent to which these proposals were put into action. 

1. The Michigan Committee to organize a campaign to memoralize Con- 
gress to declare a moratorium on all denaturalization and deportation pro- 
ceedings until legislation such as the Lehman-Celler bill is acted upon. 

Special efforts to be made around the Holiday season to dramatize the 
effects of the Walter-McCarran Law on families. 

2. The Michigan Committee to poll all Congressmen as to their position 
on the Walter-McCarran Law and the Lehman-Cellar Bill, and publicize 
the results. 

Delegations should be organized to local Congressmen. Delegations 
should include men and women affected by the Walter-McCarran Law. 

4. Existing neighborhood organizations such as religious and civic groups, 
should be encouraged to hold Open Forums on the Walter-McCarran Law. 
Congressmen should be incited to attend and state their views. . 

5. The Michigan Committee should prepare and have available at meetings 
and gatherings sample telegrams, letters, postcards, and petitions. 


6. Youth organizations in churches and other organizations should be 
encouraged to carry out independent supporting campaigns. 

7. Special efforts to be made to reach all National Group organizations. 

8. Individuals are urged to write letters to the editors of all papers includ- 
ing the national group press. 

9. Dramatize the Walter-McCarran Law at public meetings, by putting on 
skits based on actual deportation proceedings. 

10. Members of trade unions should raise the question on the floor at 
membership meetings of implementing union resolutions calling for repeal 
of the Water-McCarran Law by urging action on the Lehman-Cellar Bill. 
This can also be raised at F. E. P. C. and P. A. C. meetings. 

Exhibit No. 76D 


Whereas immigration to these United States, under the Walter-McCarran Law, 
is being governed through the application of a discriminatory, racist policy ; 

Whereas eleven million naturalized American citizens find their freedom cur- 
tailed and even their right to continue to be citizens of this country seriously 
threatened by the denaturalization provisions of the Walter-McCarran Law, 
including Michigan's former State Senator Stanley Nowak, one of 20 Michigan 
citizens against whom denaturalization proceedings on political grounds have 
been instituted ; and 

Whereas three million noncitizens find that they are not entitled to freedom 
of speech or belief and that they do not have the protection of the Bill of Bights 
of the United States Constitution ; and more than 325 noncitizens, over sixty 
in Michigan alone, many of whom came to this country as babies, have been 
arrested for deportation under the McCarran Law and after having lived here 
most of their lives, face exile from this country and life-time separation from 
their families and friends ; and 

Whereas in response to the people's demand for repeal of this police-state law, 
eight Senators and 24 Congressmen have jointly introduced the Lehman-Celler 
Bill as a substitute to be considered by Congress in January 1954 ; and 

Whereas the Lehman-Celler Bill makes some valuable and positive contribu- 
tions to the fight against the anti-foreign-born hysteria, including in its provi- 
sions the elimination of racial and national bias and distinctions between native- 
born and naturalized citizens as well as establishing a statute of limitations in 
denaturalization and deportation cases ; and 

Whereas the Lehman-Celler Bill falls short of its announced objectives by 
adopting some provisions of the present Walter-McCarran Law which i)erpetuate 
anti-foreign-born prejudice and hysteria : Therefore be it 

Resolved, That this Conference go on record in support of open hearings on 
the Lehman-Celler Bill as soon as Congress reconvenes in January 1954, at 
which time changes may be proposed to make it "truly a return to our basic 
American traditions" ; and be it 

Further resolved, That copies of this resolution be sent to the Attorney General, 
local Congressmen, and the press. 

Exhibit No. 76E 


Whereas an unprecedented attack on the rights of naturalized American citi- 
zens has been unleashed with the passage of the Walter-McCarran law ; and 

Whereas this law provides for the denaturalization of American citizens, no 
matter how long ago such citizenship was secured, on grounds which are so broad 
and indefinite that any naturalized citizen may be affected ; and 

Whereas newly naturalized citizens are placed on parole for periods ranging 
up to ten years, during which time they are not "first-class" citizens and may 
be deprived of citizenship for exercising their constitutional right to join organ- 
izations of their own choosing ; and 

Whereas this section of the Walter-McCarran Law has already been used to 
attack the citizenship of more than 45 people nationally, including a number 
of trade-unionists like James Lustig and James Matles of the UE ; John Steuben, 
Editor of March of Labor, and former State Senator Stanley Nowak : there- 
fore be it 


Resolved, That this Conference go on record condemning the attempt to deprive 
naturalized citizens of their citizenship ; and be it 

Further resolved, That we call on Congress to adopt a new law which will 
be based on the principle that a naturalized citizen should not be threatened 
with denaturalization for any reason whatsoever, unless it was obtained by 
clear fraud; and then only if denaturalization proceedings are started within 
five years of the granting of naturalizaion ; and be it 

Finally resolved. That copies of this resolution be sent to the Attorney General, 
members' of Congress, and the National Conference to Repeal the Walter 
McCarran Act in Chicago. 


Whereas in response to the people's demand for repeal of the Walter-McCarran 
Law the Lehman-Celler Bill has been introduced as a substitute to be considered 
by Congress in January ; therefore, be it 

Resolved, That this Conference proposes that Congress declare a moratorium 
on all deportation and denaturalization proceedings until Congress acts on the 
proposed new legislation ; and be it further 

Resolved, That this Conference sends copies of this resolution to the SiJeaker 
of the House and the President of the United States Senate, to Members of 
Congress, to the Attorney General, and to the National Conference to Repeal thp 
Walter-McCarran Law. 

Exhibit Xo. 76F 



Whereas the American Committee for Protection of Foreign Born for 21 
years assisted thousands of foreign-born Americans, regardless of race, color, 
creed, religion, descent, political belief, or country of origin ; and 

Whereas the Attorney General seeks to legitimatize the police-state provisions 
of the Walter-McCarran Law by denaturalizing 10,000 American Citizens 12,000 
non-citizens ; and 

Whereas the Attorney General petitioned the Subversive Activities Control 
Board to order the registration of the American Committee as a "communist- 
front" organization ; and 

Whereas the Attorney General fears that, as long as there is an organization 
that defends his intended victims and seeks support of the American people for 
the preservation of civil rights, he will not be able to put into effect his repressive 
program ; and 

Whereas the Attorney General's attack on the American Committee is a con- 
scious attempt to deprive the American people of the right to defend victims of 
oppression and to destroy the right of minorities to be defended in the courts and 
in public when their liberties are under attack ; and 

Whereas the American Committee is conducting a campaign in its own defense 
and is attempting to raise $80,000 as a defense fund : therefore be it 

Resolved, That we condemn this attack on the American Committee, which is 
an attack on "the right to defend" ; and further be it 

Resolved, That we support the fight of the American Committee against the 
Subversive Activities Control Board proceedings, and pledge our wholehearted, 
moral and financial support, and be it finally 

Resolved, That copies of this resolution be sent to the Attorney General and the 
American Committee for Protection of Foreign Born. 


Resolved, That this Conference go on record urging all organizations and indi- 
viduals in Michigan to participate in the National Conference to Repeal the 
Walter-McCarran Law and Defend its Victims, which will be held at Walsh's 
Hall, in Chicago, Illinois, on December 12 and 13, 1953. 


Exhibit No. 76G 


Whereas Saul Grossman, Executive Secretary of the Michigan Clommittee 
for Protection of Foreign Born, has been cited for contempt of Congress ; and 

Whereas Mr. Grossman is now under indictment for the alleged contempt and 
is scheduled to stand trial in Washington, D. C, on December 21, 1953 ; and 

Whereas the citation and indictment were the result of Mr. Grossman's refusal 
to turn over to the witch-hunters the books, records, correspondence, and other 
material of the organization ; therefore be it 

Resolved, That this Conference go on record commending Saul Grossman for 
his action in refusing to produce the above-mentioned material ; and be it further 

Resolved, That we pledge every possible support to the Grossman Defense 
Committee in the fight to render null and void this outrageous action by the 
U. S. Congress and the U. S. Justice Department ; and be it finally 

Resolved, That copies of this resolution be sent to the Grossman Defense Com- 
mittee, the press, trade unions, religious, fraternal, and other organizations. 


Resolved, That copies of the proceedings of this Conference be sent to all 
participants in the Conference, and to trade unions, civic and social organi- 

Resolutions and proceedings unanimously adopted by Conference. 

Exhibit No. 77 

[Daily Worker, New York, Monday, March 8, 1954, p. 6] 

Congressmen Visited Today on McCarran Act 

Washington, March 7. — Over 100 delegates from 15 cities attended the first 
session here yesterday of the Peoples Conference to Repeal the McCarran Act. 
Sponsored by the Civil Rights Congress, the meeting took place at Odd Fellows' 
Hall at 9th and T Sts. Represented were union, civic, and defense organiza- 
tions, the Farmers Union, and political parties. 

Attorney Joseph Forer spoke on legal aspects of the McCarran Act. 

William L. Patterson, CRC executive Secretary, in the keynote address, de- 
clared that the struggle against the McCarran Act "is the struggle against 
McCarthyism and is not a partisan struggle." 

Mrs. Mary Church Terrell urged the delegates to "keep up your splendid fight." 

Other speakers included Alpheus Hunton, executive secretary. Council on 
African Affairs; Carl Marzani; Sam Engler, New York State Labor Youth 
League, and Jack Zucker, of the Philadelphia CRC. 

The delegates will formulate an action program and visit congressmen 

Exhibit No. 78 


iV'afional Comntlttee 

To i»i„ Amnesty ^»'^^*« 


tt7 MADISON AViNUt • lOOM *)1 • NEW YOIK II. M. Y. 

edward k. sabsky 
Carl marzani 

S p o I 

D-. Jacob Autl<iid*f 


T. »„ni 

R»ub«n W. Borou^S 
Johft T. B.m.rd 
Jamti A. Dombrowtli 
D' W E.B. Du Boil 
Prof Hanry Pratt Falrchild 
Howard Fait 


. T. Frai 

Hu9o Gallart 
Marcgi I. Goldman 
Dr. Ralph H. Gundlack 
Robart G»a«l<may 
Ra>. Albarl J. Halllnftoo 
DaiKiall HammaH 
Jud^a Norral K. Harrii 
Ra.. Cbarlat A. Hill 
Dr. W. A. Huoton 
Bariha C. ftayitoldl 
G'aca Hutcklnt 



Johr» Adam$ KtnffburY 

Ra, La< 

Albarl Maltl 

Or. Johft Marutka 

Judqa Stanlay MoflaH 

Prof. Philip Morriion 

Startlay No«ak 

William L Pattanon 

Arthur Pollo<k 

Anton Rafraqiar 

Earl RobTMOn 

Haloii Moorhaad Robinaon 

Waldo Salt 

Alaxandar Sartort 

Arthyr Schutiar 

Jaiiica Smith 

F. W. Stov.r 

Laon Straul 

May 22, 1953 

Dear Friend: 

On June 4 it will be two years since the Supreme Court, in a 6-2 
decision, upheld the constitutionality of the Smith Act. 

In June, 1951, many thoughtful Americans feared the wider impli- 
cations of this decision, ostensibly aimed only at the Communists. 
In June, 1953, these implications are more widely understood. 
They may be summed up in one word: McCarthyism. 

Growing popular resistance to McCarthyism, and the brightening 
prospects for world peace, give ground for hope that a campaign 
to win amnesty for the Smith Act victims can now attain serious 

Amnesty movements have an honorable tradition in our country. 
Presidents Wilson, Harding and Coolidge granted amnesty to the 
political prisoners of World War I -- among whom was Eugene V. 

In connection with the second anniversary of the Supreme Court 
decision in the Eugene Dennis case, our Committee has designated 
June 4 to July 4 "Amnesty Month." As you see from the enclosed 
folder, more than 500 distinguished Americans have already spoken 
out for amnesty. Some acted from simple humanitarian motives, 
others because they believe the amnesty campaign an important 
aspect of the struggle against McCarthyism. Listing of these names 
does not imply association with our Committee -- or agreement 
with the views of the Communist leaders. 

We urge you to participate in the "Amnesty Month" activities. You 
may want to sign and help circulate the enclosed petition. Or you 
may prefer to issue a statement, v/rite the editor of your local 
paper, sponsor a resolution in your organization. 

Please let us know what you do, and write us for more information 
about our work. Your contribution will help finance our campaignl 


^,,^aincereiy, , 

85333 O — 57— pt. 2 11 



Exhibit No. 79A 


Monthly News Letter Devoted To The Americon Tradition Of Amnesty Foi All Political Prisoners 

September-October , 195U 


mccasraj; act pihsbcutiohis 

Ibnstrous offspring of the Salth Act »nd th* Ho- 
C»rrKn Internal Security Aot^tbe Connunlat Control Aot^ 
besides outlsjilog tbe Comunlst Pkrty, opens up possl* 
bllltles for the persecution of indirlduals snd organl* 
z&tione which the suthors of the Aot and the DepsrtmaDt 
of Justice sdalt h&Te not yet been explored* 

While this is being played down at the Bonentythe 
law holds the threat of SHlth Aot type trials for thou- 
sands of people. The widely heralded fkct tfaat no penal- 
ties are inoluded for nenber^ip in the Connunist Party 
is ikaanlngless* Already, Claude Lightfoot, Chicago He- 
gro leader, had been indicted this sunner, under the 
Ssith Aot on the charge of "neiiibership". What tbe new 
law does is to extend the aeaning of "meiobership" ia 
such a way as to include almost anyone the adninistra- 
tion say want to "get". 

Consider, for exanple, only two of the l4 oritei« 
ia it sets up for detemining whether a person is a 
nenberi if he "had indicated byword, action, oonduot, 
writing or in any other way a willingness to carry oat 
in any Manner or to a>^ degree the plane, designs, ob- 
JeotiTee, or purposes of the organisatioit"} or if he 
has "in any other way participated in the actlTitles, 
planning, actions, ohjeotires, or purposes of the or- 
ganise ti on* •«•.. •" 

As for organizations, the power of the SubverslTS 
ActlTitles Control Board is extended to a new category, 
"Coaaamist infiltrated organixatlons". the aaia target, 
and the first against which action is planned, are the 
trade tmlcns* A union whioh is deolared to be"CaagBua- 
Ist infiltrated" will lose the ri^t to engage in col- 
lectire bargaining representation of eiq>loyees before 
the Kational Labor Eelations Board,and thus will be ef- 
fectlTsly destroyed as a union* 

And again the criteria set up are broad enough to 
InTolTe any union i^ioh engages in strike action for 
higher wages and better conditions, not to speak of po- 
litical aotlTlty in supportiixg candidates opposed to an 
adaiinistration in power. Here is one of the rules for 
determining "Comunist Infiltration" i " To what extent, 
if any,the policies of such organltations are, or with- 
in three years hare been, foimulated and carried out 
pursuant to the direotlon or adriee of any Beaber, agent 
or representatlTc" of any group that the Subrersive Ao- 
tlrities Codbrol Board has designated as a "Comunist 
crganixation." And if this devioe diould fall, here is 
anothsri "To what extent, if any, the personnel and re- 


Ragij]& Freuakfeld, first 
of tta* Salth Aot prlsonars 
to oowplvte her ■antenoe, is 
due to t* relaasad on Coto- 
bar Uth. Har hostaod, Fhll still In Atlan- 
ta seprlQK n fira year gaik- 
tanoa. With har ralaasa, the 
two Frankfald ohlldran, so 
long daprlTad of both par- 
ants, will have t;heir nothar 
raturnad to tfaem. 

A weloona hoae Beating 
for Mrs. Frankfold Is being 
plamad by the Hatlooal Cow- 
■ittaa to Win Awnasty for 
the SnlthAot Tletlas. It 
will take plaoa the avanlng 
of Ootobar 20th at the Con- 
Ish Ams Hotel, 23rd Street 
at 8th Avaoua, Iott Tork. 


Claude Llgfatfo«t, axae- 
utlTe secretary of the Co^ 
Bunlst Party In Illinois, and 
well known Hagro leader, was 
arrested In Chisago on June 
26th and Indlotad under the 
Smith Aot on a charge of 
"nsobarshlp" In the CJ>, 

As wa go to press, Mr* 
Ughtfoot Is still In Jail, 
while efforts are baii^ aade 
to hare the $30,000 ball(oiN. 
Iglnally t9),000) raduoed. A 
petition for the reduction 
of ball to a raasonabla sun. 
Initiated by Da&n John B. 
Thoi^saQ, attorney Barl B. 
Dlcfcerson, KaT. Ita.T. Balrd 
and Saw Parks of the United 
Faokinghaasa Union, Is ra- 
qalrlng wlda-spraad support. 
Cont'd, on p. 2 




Iha f Its Saith Aat d«- 
fvndsiits oonriotcd la St. 
I<oula ar« finally out aa 
ball, pandlng appaal. 


Carey MoWilllaM la 
Tho latlon 

"Th* banning of politi- 
cal parties has ooDsistont- 
ly Indioatad that tha foreea 
■OTing tarard tha aollpsa of 
raprasantatiTa goiariBent 
hara entarad a ooa-vay 
straatt Otbar ayiqytoBa haya 
proran bIs leading or Inoon- 
oluclTas this one has seldoa 
ftalled. To ban a political 
party by naae betrays a ba- 
sic distrust of tha electo- 
rate and has usually been 
the prelude to goTernasnt by 

Journal of the United 
Aicklaghouse Workers, CIO 

"In our floir it is not 
a qusstion ot dealing with 
the Comunist problem. It is 
rather a quest lam at whether 
under the guise of fighting 
eooninisBflegisIatian can be 
enacted underaining the Bill 
of Rights and permitting po- 
litically minded hatchet men 
to destroy oar trade unions 
if thay don't conform to the 
wishes of the politicians in 

Albert J. Fitzgerald, Prss. 
Ihilted Bleotrleal and 
Badio Workers in U.K.Iaws 

"We are confid«Dt that 
the Amsrioan people will not 
tolerate the destruction of 
a free labor moreasnt, nor 
the abrogation of the Bill 
of Kigits* Iha need for 
Jobs, for seaarlty,for paaoe, 
for liberty, wlU break 
through tha conAision and 
hysteria.... lAbor has Jmst 
begun to fight 1" 

Cont'd, on p. 3 

Exhibit No. 79B ■ 

•ourocs of auoh orguilcation are* or witiiin three years 
hare been, ueed to further or proBote the objeotlves of 
any soeh CoMiunlat cr sanitation, gorernaent or maw 

While the iftin target at the KOBent are the trade 
unions, the law glres the SACB power orer organizations 
of all kinds. Ihe "liberal" Denoerata in their frantio 
and hysterical rush to pr ore theaselTos eren Hore antl- 
CoBBunist than KiseDhower, Brownell and UoCarthy, aay 
find the law a booaerang. Did not the Eepubllean Pol- 
icy CoBoittee in its statensnt, "The Republican Pursuit 
of Aaerioan Coanunists" , declare that the Deaooratle 
Plarty had loi^ been "infiltrated with CoMiunists'T 

This law will no doubt be fought rigorously both 
in the courts and in the public arena* Already the 
Court of Appeals In Washingtoii,whioh has been consider* 
ing the Coiaunist Party's appeal fr<B the decision of 
the SACB under the McCarran Act, has ordered re-«.rgu- 
B»nt on the cases on October 21, to include not only the 
HoCarran Act, but the new law as well. 


Threatened with an investigation, infonaer Fliul 
Crouch declared! "If ay reputation could be destroyed 
and My credibility deaolished through the current fraas 
up plot, 31' Coaaunist leaders conficted or on trial in 
Saith Act proceedings could get new trials, 20 iMd.gra- 
tlon prooeedings would be re-opened, the registration 
order against the Coamunlst Party would be rcTcrsed and 
sent back, with the cost to the gOTcmaent of aany all- 
lions of dollars." 

One can only conjeoture hwr aany aore cases would 
have to be re-opened if there were a real inrestigatlon 
of Crouch and other discredited inforaers. At any rate 
in one case, that of the SubTcrsive AotiTitles Control 
Board's registration order against the Covnunlst Party, 
an effort Is being aade to hare the SACB receire as ad- 
ditional eridenoe facts about Crouch, Muming Johnson 
and Harrey Hktusosr, iriiioh have been tmcorered since the 

The facts aade public about the contradictory 
testlaony of Paul Crouoh in the Philadeli^la Saith Act 
trial, in the Oppexihelaer case, and in the deportation 
prooeedings against cartoonist Jacob Burck, are presen- 
ted in an aff idarlt by attorney John Abt. Mr. Abt also 
describes the exposure cf Mamiag Johnson in the case 
of Dr. Balph Bunohe, as well as Johnson's adaission at 
the SACB hearings that he had lied under oath,and would 
continue to do so if he considered that ooHaltaents to 
the FBI required it. 

Perhaps the least well known and aoet aaasiag of 
the cases taken up by Mr. Abt Is that of Harrey Matusow 
on whose sole testlaony the SACB findings of"force and 
TlolezMe" depend. 

In an interrlew wilfa the press on July 13« 195U> 
(as reported in the Washiqgton Post and Tiaes'^erald of 



Exhibit No. 79C 

Julj li4.) Bidiop 0. Broal«]r Ozmm atat^di "Bm troth la 
that Mr* Ifktaaov told ■• ha had had a rallglooa axpari- 
•noa and «iLa aaaklag aaoh paraoa about iriiaa ha had fal- 
•Iflad in ordar to apologlta and gat right with tha 
poopla ha had hanwd. Ha told m» ho had Had ooneam- 
lag ninwroua iadiriduala*" 

Matuaoir daniad thla. But on July 30, tha Cmnla- 
aion on Publio Ralatlona of tha Mathodlat Churoh r«- 
laaaad to tha praaa a lattar tram J. Horard MoGrath, 
foraar Unitad Stataa Attomay Oanaral to Charlaa C.Par- 
lln, attornay for tha Blahop. Tha lattar ravaalad that 
MatuaoWflntarTlavad lata in April, 195U by Rusaall Brora 
and Robart LotsH, law aaaoeiatas of Mr* MoGrath, had 
told than too that ha had liad about aany paopla* In a 
■aaorandua dietatad aftar tha intarvlaw, Hr. Brown ata- 
tadi "Ha (Matuaow) a&id in ao aany worda, 'You ahould 
know that I am not to ba truatad undar any cirouaatan- 
oaa« I h*Ta batrayad a^arybody who avar bafriandad m». 
If I glT* you aoaa inforaation whioh ia halpfal, you 
ebaok it 100^ baoauaa I don't eran truat ngraalf*". 

Mr. Abt pointa out in hia affidarit that at laaat 
two of thaaa infonaara "ara now baing tmraatigatad by 
tha Dapartaant of Jnstioa, and that baoauaa thair ehar» 
aotar aa profaaaiooal parjurara haa now baeu eancluaiTa- 
ly aod publicly daaonatratad, tha Attomav Ganaral haa 
oaaaad to aaploy ai^ of thaa aa witoaaaaa* 

lona of tha faota praaantad by Mr. Abt wara da» 
niad in tha answar aubnlttad by the DepartMant of Jua- 


(From an artiola by an Aaarioan corraapondant in tha 
July yi iaaua of tha London Henr Stataaaan and lation) 

"It ia the witchhunt that is the deadly, funda- 
aantal thing in ttia Amerioan political aeone. So long 
aa it cantinua8,and ia aeoapted,McCartiiyiaB will flour* 
ish irraapactiTe of irtiathar MoCarthy'a own wings ara 
clipped.. ...... 

"To understand the real strength of MoCarthy, one 
Boist aeek it in -Hie uaa by Mr* Truaan and his suooessor 
of a pieoe of legialation • the Smith Aet. The oore of 
this law is the core of MoCarthyism alsO}it is the eon* 
eept that the adroeaoy of Marxist political ideas is a 
orimlnal act meriting puniiiiment. ••••.. 

"There ia a legal trap embodied in this law - the 
word 'oonapiraoy* - iriiioh makes it unneeessary for the 
GoTemaooit to proTO tha defendants guilty of any orert 
act. In essence the eriae eharge against them ia their 
thinklqg, thair ideas aad thair mutual agreement to 
spread those ideas. ...In faot these are trials, not for 
crimes ooaiitted, but for an agreement to adTOoate'her- 
etloal' thoughts which, the Goremmmt asserts, may some 
day lead to crime. ..e*.. 

"The expert witnesses used by the Government tra« 
Tel the land like a troupe of performing acrobats. ...•• 
They go from trial to trial, from ooaaittee to ecsmiit- 


A pat It ion against tha 
us* of paid lnft> msrs Inlti- 
atad by 12 outstandloe mm 
and women Is rsoslrlng wlda- 
spraad support. It states 
in partt 

"Man has often exprasssd 
oontenpt and reserTad ss'nra 
ooDdaimatlan for tha paid 

"Tha sta^tus of tha paid 
inforaor has not ohangsd 
with tlaa. Tat today our 
govarmasnt rests what it as- 
serts are efforts to aohlere 
Internal seourlty largely on 
precise ly such purohasabls 

"Already wise Toioes 
have been raised In revul- 
sion and ia warning against 
the use of the paid inform- 
er. AHong thea were 17 na- 
tiooally proadnsBt ■lnls> 
tersJtight Fhlladelphia >in- 
Isters haT* lUcawise ex- 
pressed their oonosm. 

"Beginning to perasat* 
our land are fear and sua pi- 
oion of pastor, nei^bors, 
friends and fkaily, of a 
■an' 8 very tiiou^ts* Suoh an 
ateos]fbere can omly ba dis- 
astrous to til e moral fabrio 
of our oountry. 

"We do not question tha 
right of goTsmaant to de- 
fend the deaooratle prlnoi- 
ples and procedures upon 
whloh this nation is found- 
ed. But if the case of the 
goremmai'k against those it 
would prosecute ia so weak 
that it Bust rely upon tha 
unprLnolpled informers, than 
it has no oase.... 

"W* protest the use of 
paid informers. W* reject 
and resent our gOTemment's 
plaoiqg upon than tha stai^ 
of respectability aad ap> 

Cont'd, on p. 4 



Exhibit No. 79D 

te«. Nor do«s the gorerniBcnt oease to use them in this 
o*p*olty daspite the faot that again and again many of 
thaa hav« been oaught in gross lies in the witness box. 

"A cupaign for asnesty has been laimobed in 
Anerioa* It needs t o be world wide in scope* It is not 
at all a aatter of rescuing Cosiaunists tram prison* Ihe 
CoiBunlst Party oan better afford to have its leaders 
in prison than the United States - or the world - oan 
afford to have UoCarthylsm enthransd." 


The following ezoerpts are froa a letter sent to 
the British aabassador by John Williamson, asking bin 
to intervene to aalce it possible for him and his wife 
and children to depart for Sreat Britaini 

"I am a citisen of Great Britain, born in Glasgow 
in 1903. I have a 79 year old siok Bother living in 

"I was tried in 19it9 charged with "oonspiiaoy...* 
to tea oh and adrooate the orerthrow of the gOTemnent 
by foroe and violence *«*.*. Ibis was a false charge. .*.. 
In effect I am Jailed for my lifetime working class act 

"In February, 1953, I was eligible for parole.HcMr- 
ever, the Dept* of Jastioe**enat only denied me parole, 
but after one of its stibdiTisions had ordered me depor- 
ted, another of its subdivisions indiots and now propo- 
ses to try IBB again under the sane Smith Act* In my 
first trial(19l49)I was sent to Jail upon a ftilse charge 
that my C.P. membership constituted "conspiracy". By a 
sleight of hand change of legal terms, they new shame- 
fully propose to try me f cr "membership is the C*P.'' - 
an obvlouB riolation of the long cherished tenet of 
ooHion law against double Jeopardy - and hope to keep 
me in Jail indefinitely* 

"Mr. Ambassador, I reoogpize that the release of 
all the victims of the Smith Act persecutions is pri- 
■arily a oonoern of the American people. But in my spe- 
cific case, you have a British oltlsen already ordered 
deported and serring a 5 year Jail sentence for the 
■ere adTOoaoy of politioal ideas 1 ideas for which I 
would not be prosecuted in Great Britain.sinoe it would 
be In oonfllet with British law and dcsnooratio prinei- 
Pl« " 

Carl Marianl, Treasorer, 

Hational Committee to Win Anneaty for Smith Act Victims 

667 Madison Avenue, Boom 611, 

Hev York 31, Hew Toxic* 

I enclose $. 

.to help the work of the 

Hational Committee to Win Amnesty for the 
Sblth Act Tictims. 





Dorotfay Forast, on* of 
th« tiv9, wrota ua this sub- 

"Did you rsad th« oias- 
slo of Judg* Htrper's In 
santsaelng ■• - hcnr I inis 
Juct as guilty as th* mta, 
but baoaua* h* Ioths his mo- 
ther so auob h« would only 
santenoa a* to thro* ysars 
laataad of first 

"And f iva alnatas later 
ha dsaled ball ooiq>lstaly, 
knowing full wall that It 
would bav* to b* granted by 
the Appeals Court... 

"This aakes the seventh 
Bonth of "dead time", that Is 
time that doesn't oount on 
his five year eentaooe that 
ay husband is serving. Five 
months of this was during 
the ball figbt bafore th* 
trial, and now two months 
have gone by since our sent- 
enoli^. Ihe saae thing is 
true In a slightly lesser 
aaount for the others...." 


TBI FRI3CnBS..Just pub- 
llsfa*d by Walter Iiowenfels, 
on* of the nine Sal^ Aot 
defendants eonvioted in 
FhlUdelphla, Is th* oontri- 
butlon of a gifted poet to 
the Aianesty caapalgn. The 
prefaoe, a tribute to Lowen- 
fels, was written by the 
great Frenoh poet, Louis Ar- 
agon. Ihe poeas, dedloated 
to the Smith Aot prlsoaers, 
bum with a passion for 
peaoe and freedom not only 
for tbaa, but for all Amsrl- 
oa. Some of the poeas were 
written In Jail and others 
during the harrowing days of 
the long trial, but there is 
no bitterness or despair in 
than. Ihey are aarked by a 
love of people and by confi- 
denoe in the future. They 
should be widely read and 

Ihe Prisoner* osin b* ob- 
tained by sanding ll.OO to 
the Whlttler Press, P.O.Box 
5U05 Kingsessl^ Station, 
Fhila. U5, 1%. 



Exhibit No. 80A 

Page 14 


Letters from Readers 
On Stalin Revaluation 

FOI.LOWISG are some of ilie letters front our readers par 
ticipatmg in the discussion on the revaluation of Statin and other 
iniporiant issues raised by news dispatthes on tlie 20th Congress of 
the Cotnmnnist Party of the Soviet I'nion. Wt invite more letters 
or questiom on the meaning of these prohh^ins for the American 
Left. The more letters the better, but in order that as many points 
of view as possd)le may be expressed, ue ask our readers to keep 
them brief, preferably not more than 200 words. letters should be 
tinned but names will be uithheJd upon request.-The Editors. 

Carl Marzani Savs 

LacI: WMfemocracy 
Curbs Initiative 
Dear Ediloi; 

May I cuiigiatulate you on 
the healthy discussion tak i.g 
place in the Dai!\ ahout current 
Soviet events. It seems to me 
that we nc«'d to keep in mind 
what is irnjwrtanl in tliis discus- 
sion to the American scene. The 
most pressing problem 'In our 
country is how the American left, 
C'ommunist and non-(.'ommtmist 
re-e\aluates its mutual relation- 
ships in the light of present 
trentls. It seems clear to me that 
there Is in our country as in other 
countries a gathering unity of 
all sections of the peoples in de- 
fense of their true national in- 
terests a.s contrasted to the inter- 
ests of General Motors. Stand- 
ard Oil et al. 

I have always taken for grant- 
ed that Marxists in this country 
should l>e very interested, con- 
cerned, stimulated and indeed 
Siided by the development of 
e Soviet Union. I have never 
accepted, nor ii^deed have I ever 
aeen evidence, that the American 
Communist Piirty was, as the 
taying eoes, "run by Moscow." 
What I mve seen, and deplored. 
has been an unreflecting accep- 

tan^^vT St»viet political techni-" 
ques and theoretical formula- 

The effects Iwve been unfor- 
tiuiate in two im|x»rtant, and I 
believe crucial areas. There hai 
bt^en a Breat intolerance toward 
those \vno did not completely 
agree with the party at any given 
time, and often, a substantial 
lack of inner party democracy. 
The first has weakened the fight 
against reactioji. but the second 
in the long rim has been even 
more serious. 

The uneven and sometime very 
low level of iinier party democ- 
racy led to a stifling of initiative 
in action and in thinking. T(M) 
many xMarxists in too many in- 
stances have not studied reality 
ill their field with the saiiu' in- 
dejx'ndence of spirit that Marx 
exlubited ai>d that the best non- 
Manttst scholars exhibit. Ameri- 
CJii Marxists nuist so into the 
concrete reality of Americm life 
to apply and extract anew those 
principles and laws which other 
peoples have extracted from 
luklR reahties. The applica- 
tion of dialectical materialism is 
itself a dialectical appIicUioii, 
NOT a mechanical one and NOT 
one to he learned by rote. 

fn the second place, the sihort- 
Coniings of inner party denioc- 



Exhibit No. SOB 

rjcy have icsiillecf in biiu-ju- 
cr.itie iiitlhixK ol work, 'lliis 
l>"»N()i)," SA\i ..Ir. Foster, "could 
Wfll \>f tjU'll to lltMit," So it 
Could, lor the icstilt of l>uitMU- 
rr.K y is to lose (oucli uitfi t!i«« 
Weal coiidilious of Amcjicau lile. 

Together with the isolation due* 
to |x»rsecution this led to an un- 
dervaluation of the resilience of 
American democracy and the 
strength of tfie American p>eo- 
ple, which, together with t!ie 
strenc;th of jx'oples in otiici cani 
talist countries and with tlie de- 
veloping power of the socialist 
world has succeeded in braking 
the warmongers. 

Finally, the shortcomings in 
inner party democracv made ik)j- 
sible the rise of individual dom- 
ination, such as that of Browder. 
When Browder was exposed 
(quite Justifiedly in my opinion) 
the ifltmbers of the then national 
committee wrote letters blaming 
thenjselves for insufficient vigi- 
lance. But this was not a per- 
sonal psychological question. It 
was an institutional question, re- 
flecting an institutional fault -the 
substantial lack of demcK -racy. 

• i . ' ! tg in degree, throughout the 
i.irty organizations. 

I say this with no antagoiusin 
toward an\one. Comnumist lead- 
ers need no defense from ine. 
The devotion, self-sacrifice and 
courage of Foster, Dennis. Davis, 
Curley Flynn and all, speak for 
thenjselvci. They are proud 
records, and thii letter is in no 
way an attack upon them. It is 
an attack on the dcx'triue of in- 
fallibility whether in theory Of 
in politics, whether by one pec- 
son or by « group. This dcK-trine, 
however prettied up. fhoiild be 
fought nitljlessly. Marxism re- 
jects it: the working class has no 
need of it. 

The coming days are lumin- 
ous for humanity. In oiu" own 
country great stirring tasks are 
at hand. The worst thing that 
could liappen to American Marx- 
ists wouM be to pay hp service 
to self-criticisms and let things 
stand as the)' were. 

With warm regards for the 




Exhibit No. 81A 








































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Exhibit No. 83A 

ATE t 

r\-M'(t!;: \!'iMJi'AT|Ws 




Of S 






Inchej. j 






or )n(u 


S^ / 

Oitr ot bir»h 

/ ' 

_ » 




My lait American paMp«r< wat obtained llN>m S-)r.iL 

Exhibit No. 83B 


■vwr* W^TTtftf 

xinXM'Xia. mKircXJC-; 


tium twlc«, Mt forth Imttt In a «uppicti«*nt«l «t>tMn*<it) 

Port of departure '^' • ^ • ■^ J"^" i > ' • « 
Approximate date of departure 
Proposed Icnsth of stay abroad 
Means of transportation 
Countries to be visited 

Purpose of trip 

. e 'or the iVorlc 
th Festival ia 
ir..- 8'Ter,,^:«'Terit« 

a- '-a-ltc !(f tter 

l'l::U-'i st»t<-.« !■.■/., 



bepB naturalized as a < 

ofth, »p,l ,t,„ -t-^^^lha^^ ,,l! «mph 

1 ?ta(<>; taken an ost'i 

' G^il^^ tf^^^ljfih^n or othrr fonnH] dftclara- 
1 of silfTiianco to » forrign state; entfrert or served in th? armtvl fnret-. of •< f r "♦"»««vtT«1 ir pirformed ihp duties of 

any office, pf t or emplovmrnt under the gov«ramerit of a forpiBii i-tat' or p.^t ai i r 'bereft \ot«i ia a political elec- 

tion in a foreign slatr or jjartieipst^l in an eiectitm or plobisM;ite t^ delerni.rje t(i « ■v*r»'ijErtv over foreutn territory; made a 
foiTaal renunciation of nationality iw^forc a diplomatic or coi:i*ular olfir* r <jf toe I n.Ted "ftates la a foreign ^tate; bet^n convicted 
by court martial of df^-rtinj; tlto niilitary or liftval s*;rvice of Ibe I'liiled Stalet m *i m o^ war been cons letcd by court ni&rtiaL 
or by a court of c-nnpett'nt juri?dif<;iin, of committiug aiiy act of trca*)n agtt.*]-* r f i** i j -,* ' ' rvi. to overtllfow, of of 
beaiiiig ATOis agaimt, Ihi; Cuitcd rtatea. 

•Fu^sit^l (1«;'»oJ^mly_ Bwear that I will support nnd dpfond the Toki,' ., ■• a<tain»t alj kdiM^iC ' 

i|aj4|..n)<-..W^Hjat'l will 1«- 
^ij^nA*"' V i*''P<'3e of 

., . * a^ainwt aI3 i 
..M 1 .„„., ,„., ,.,,„;,,ju f n,-^;>ntlK>ut jiiiy 


ilTixwi; that I kn. 
>tatoments i 

swear that I have known the «pphi ■ 

If wtCftM* h«f b*wi ImumkI • pMSpert. (!*« numb«r n luiown un4 
4«te or spfnalnuts d«to el tswM. 


*r lit i vni a ritjzfii of fhe Uoited States; that I reside at the AddroM written below my 
■■ 'o tixecuu^i the alSiavit hereinlxiorp^t forth to be a citUen of the rDit*d. 
I !.^JI are true to the best of isy k:aowledgB aD<ljMUef ; further^ I j^^naly 

l'\ b'U wr "4 j«B 

, % %uu.',a 


£Slit > " »1 


Exhibit No. 83C 

world youth festival 

at prague-july 20 to august 17- 1947 

144 bl e s ■ « et ii ■ e e i ■ ■ " h , < \ ■ ,■ _' . c : ■ j _ ■ 4 9 612 ■ 92 

TOt Passport Division, State Deportowit 
Dear Sirs: 

The ottached possport applieatlon for rrank H. IlchaH 

is one of about 250 being subnitted by Anericon participants in the World Toath 
Festival beinc held in Pr«Gne,CtochoiJovokia froD Joly 20th to Aagust 17th, 1947. 

The FestivaJ, which olll be in the nature of a Youth World's Pair, will 
briti^ tof^ether thousands of young .)eople fron sixty nations to sbore in education" 
ol, cultural, recreutiono]., sports and reconstruction activities. 

ProQ the United States young people ore coning fron various sports.religioaa, 
student tmd ccoDunity groups. In addition there vill go a dronatic troupe per* 
fomirv:: in a prizooinfling Brt>ad«ay pligr, sponsored by such people as Helen Hayes, 
Ingrid Bor(;;nQn, Cornelia Otis Skinner and Levis lUlestcnat a youth Jatz bond 
fron .Tostchcstor County recently discovered by Ifeis Meiirow, the Jats expert} a 
nodcm donee group porf caning on "/aaericona" on the dancei the ulnners of a 
nationwide prose oad poetry contest sponsored by Louis Untcmeyer, Thonas Ucnn 
and othorsj folk singers and square dancers; a basketball teen fron Tale ttoiv- 
ersityi t^ young peoples' art ezhlbltt end displays olid exhibits fron nony oec 
nnnlty, reliclous and culturcl oigani sot ions. 

Tho United States Connittee for the World Touth Festival Is orrPBging 
round-trip transportation for the Anericon pcrticipnnts. 

'Je would ajjpreclate your cooperation in axpcdltinc this possport application. 
'.Then the passport is ready oo would appreciate your sending It to the United 
Sto*-iB Coonltteo for the Worl.d Youth Festival office at X^A Bleecker Street,Hew 
Told: City, so that vie can facilitate norrongeaents on visas. 

fDhnok ycu for giving this your Itxiediate attention. 

Sincerely yours. 


Doris S«nk 
I6/rf Executive Secretary. 

:yArttigrA ii>lntnaU'<.nrif ^rtnu/.tAif) nnd rrrt,nitrHrtit,m . . . y.iit/ti ^iiitf/i l^^ firtirr 


Exhibit No. 84 
[Dally Worker, New York, Wednesday, March 19, 1947, p. 2] 

Joint Conference Formed Against Intervention 

A Joint Conference Against Intervention in Greece and Turkey was formed 
yesterday. Over 50 national, religious, and fraternal organizations were repre- 
sented at the meeting called by the Council of American-Soviet Friendship at 
the Capitol Hotel. 

The Conference discussed plans for a protest meeting, and for a delegation 
to go to Washington to press Congress to reject the Truman plan, before the 
March 31 deadline set by Truman. 

Rev. William Howard Melish, chairman of the Council, acted as temparory 

Alexander Karanikas, representing the American Council for a Democratic 
Greece, was among the speakers. 

Miss Nancy Cox, of the Council, was named temporary secretary of the con- 
tinuations committee, which also includes Rev. John Darr, Jr., United Christian 
Council for Democracy; Beulah Warshall, Congress of American Women; Steve 
Krall, American Slav Congress ; Cynthia Jones, Council of African Affairs ; 
Arthur Kaufmann, American Veterans Committee; James Lustig, United Elec- 
trical Workers, district 4; James Felas, Hellenic-American Vanguards; Milton 
Wolff, Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade ; Frank Uchuck, IWO ; Alex- 
ander Karanikas, American Council for a Democratic Greece ; and Richard Mor- 
ford of the Council of American-Soviet Friendship. 


Exhibit No. 85A 





Wk'jSm Stanley rowai— #fi' 

Vuhlishtd by the American Slav Congress 


Exhibit No. 85B 



Slavic iiiu'riraii 


f^ot togotber 

^ T ui, \\UHli v\ ■»"! I H HI h. 

!^ l,,.il,!i. < In. r.'... I 1.^.- 
1,,,,,1 ,^.,'. \, >s ^..I^^ ,.1,- :u-v i-m:U 
,„- v,..,lh .: ii^>. .1- .in. I .W.- V \\.u 
„.-,„., lur ..!..-. IV ^..nll, l',,M. ! 
,.t i!,.. Hill.! \nu-n. ,.1, -l.ix t ..trji.- 
(,.■!, 1 1,1-1 !.lil -.l\' t'.. inii.,11,- 1.. Ihl- 
... lUlU 

< .." - '■ ' '■■ " ^■■"''' 

,J,,,1II., I- ifl'- ^.'lllll 

v.-k n. i.i"--' ■■ 

.,„„. Jl ........ .h.h- II. li,. '■■■ .!.. 

\,.»> N..!k .iri.i. II h.i- h. I.i 1.... -u. . 
,,— tul ,..iil.T.iM..-. \l til. ...iilir 
etue drill '.n Vp-ii Jo. i'l ni- »■!• li.r J ' ■■ .11! i 
\, liwlii-> I»ui«.i..ii. .1 l,'-.>.iir-hi|. 
rr.iitiiii'.; i>iM-i.Ti ami ,i < iM< M- 

fair- Hun-au. Tli<. t "UiH il h.i- It' .'"M , . , , i , , , , , . 

!,ull.M,n. >ty Hfia. ,r. «h,.l, ,n. "•';■' ■; -Pr-nt th. .„.„,. ,1 .„ I,.,„i ,)„ 1 .> \ 

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• /.-. i...-^•^..l^^. tin- -„„„„., !(,. \„-t,,.|,.. M, III. l...,| |l„,u-..„ 

-r..!!,. ,.ii-...l *12iin ),,r |(„ ,r ,|.|... ., . .,, , ... „, -,..■ 

touth council 

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II. ni \l.,l„„ an.lfrmk lli Imk 

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85333 O— 57— pt. 2 12 



Exhibit No. 86 

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Exhibit No. 87 

NtttotuJ Preiident 

Salional Vice PresiJenls 

National Secretary 



Anhur Birabasoff 
John Dcrkach 
WiUiim Geley 
Stephen Grubiik 
John Hrynchuk 
Georiie Kn»ucli 
Helen Lotoihynsky 

Marv Malko 
Stephen Marthuk 
Anton Melnyk 
James Osochowsky 
Mary Pastushak 
William Sewotk 
Rose Shenk 

Jijseph Sitmplewich 
Nicholas Taniowiky 
Michael Tkjih 
Ixon Tolopko 
Michael Tufchyn 
John Z^/uhak 
John 7.urai...wsky 


I^eon Tolopku Joseph Soykj Dmytro ^X'crbinsky 

Nicholas Turansky John Tfufyn OlRa Ostrowska 

Walter Kow»Jchuk Michael Tkach Nicholas Tarnowsky 

'SfAHQJinqA. and, (jJsikDmsL \ 

to the 2 

First Ukrainian National Folk Festivals ^ 

The Greatest Cultural Event in the Life of Ukrainian Americans % 

from the NATIONAL COMMITTEE of the \ 

Ukrainian American Fraternal Union, IWO ^ 

80 Fifth Avenue, New York 11, N. Y. J 

Second Largest and Only Progressite Ukrainian Fraternal \ 

Organization in the United States \ 


The National Committee of the 1^ 

Ukrainian American League, Inc. ^ 

85 East 4th St., New York 3, N. Y. ^ 

extends Jl 

d ?{eaAtt/^ ^Msdinj^ ami U/jdcomiL \ 

to Participants and Guests at the ^ 



Nall:ri^lPr,t:Jin! Njlmnal Sitreljry ^ 



Exhibit No. 88A 


to a national founding convention 

of a Youth Organization 

to support the program and policies of the New Party of 
Woliace and Taylor * to defend our lives * our liberties • 
our right to happiness 

AMERICAN YOUTH has always sought this future: the guaran- 
tee of work at a decent wage • the full assurance of civil liberties • the security 
of home and family— in a world at peace. • This future seems far away. Only 
fear and uncertainty rise before our eyes: the threat of war • the rising cost of 
living • increasing prejudice and discrimination • the higlier price of education 


Exhibit No. 88B 

• the beginnings of a police state. * This is not the America we want. We have 
not brought this to pass. 

WHO IS AT FAULT? * The Democrats and Republicans run our 
country today. Banding together, they conspire to maintain their positions of 
privilege: by artificially raising prices ' by militarizing American youth • by 
abandoning the United Nations to seek world empire. * This program belongs 
to the top hats and brass hats. It is not our program. Youth never profits from 
war and destruction. 

LOOKING FORWARD. * There is on American tradition: 
every generation must fight for its rights against the greed and blindness of a 
powerful few. * This was the tradition of JefFerson, Lincoln, and Douglass. In 
our time, it is the tradition of FDR, Wallace, and Taylor. * American youth 
rejects a future of war and death. It turns to a future of peace, abundance, 
and security. It turns to the New Party, to the program of Henry Wallace and 
Glen Taylor: 

* for all youth: freedom from war, and the right to vote at 18. 

* for youth in industry: a job at a decent wage ' free and 
democratic trade unions • vocational training • elimination of child labor • 
equal pay for equal work. 

* for youth on the farm: possession free from the burden of debt 


Exhibit No. 88C 

■ farmer control of the farm program • expansion of farmers' cooperatives • 
soil and water conservation. 

* for Negro youth: full protection of civil liberties • freedom 
from Jim-Crow in civilian life and the armed forces • full equality of oppor- 
tunity in the economic and political life of America. 

* for student youth: academic freedom • the opportunity to 
enjoy a free and adequate high school and college education. 

WE ARE young people born after the first World War, who 
have fought and lived through the second World War, and who are deter- 
mined to join with others to prevent world destruction. * We have a right to 
life! * We hove a right to liberty! * We have a right to happiness! 



Exhibit No. 88D 


Delegote Representation 

The following will be accredited os delegates to the 
founding convention: 

From organizationj and groups which support the 
candidacies of Henry Wallace and Glen Taylor: 
1 delegate for the first 50 members, or fraction 
thereof, 1 delegate for eoch additional 100 memi 
bers, or mojor fraction thereof. 

All youth delegates to the founding convention 
of the New Party, to be held in Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania, July 24th ond 25th, 1948. 

All sponsors of this call. 

Any individuol who obtains twenty-five (25) or 

more members for Youth-for-Wallace, or Stu- 
dents for Wallace, before July 25, 1948. 


Orgonizotions supporting the candidacies of Wal- 
lace and Taylor may hove their representatives 
seated at the Convention in the capacity of ob- 

Hotel Accommodations 

Convention Headquarters will be open at the 
Bellevue-Stratford Hotel, Philadelphia, Pa., May 
15, 1948. Information concerning hotel and hous 
ing accommodotions and other arrangements will 
be provided at the Convention office. 


Seymour Linfield, Director 
39 Pork Ave , New York, N. Y. 

, , .. a delegate 

I stioli be , ^^ observer'" Founding Convention of the New Youth Organization. Kindly 

send me the proper credentiol forms and housing request. 



Credentials must be filled m and relumed before Jvly )5/h. 


Exhibit No. 88E 


Exhibit No. 88F 




Exhibit No. 88G 

Exhibit No. 88H 



Exhibit No. 89 

Committee for the Freedom of Sam Milgrom 

799 BUOADWAY • ROOM 336 • NEW YORK 3, N. Y. 

Phone GRamerct 7-8846 

1953 , p <;o ]OlZ Djn 


REV. Charles A. Hill 
Albert E. Kahn 


cvc-w.,™ ]^«jiyo«nD jE^'Tx oyijn 


LOUISE Thompson Patterson 



]'7XJ!<' a<ji«uj »s DjT JIB iXDy-ipyo-n^Dipytpy ,Di<ni^*D oyo 
ID inKt<a-Djyn^ tyn lyn jid t'7jid»d "iyp''TjT'D k px p-ii< lyoyanx 

LeoBacich DBTiyi j I K Di'7^eTKS DJ(»K DTyU ,pn^-Dp'?i<D J "? K J 1 yoXT D ]i7^TX OyT 
NikolaBaraba ny »»N T ^ ■« 30 yDsy*? «T J*K ■?"« , D J y 001 K By n- y » S K1 A » 0' K oyT ^ID 

MlvB^gea *■'"""' .DEKPnyDyiTN TyT ]1K p'?S<D oyT 0210'? p»DyD J yi1 yi 

Samuel Bonia 

feu'smvwson P24 Dyn "t pi<n .pjKip jynyi t-x ny aoi}:> .oi^Ti-j-o lyTna 

Hdcn f ichrenbamn -DJliyi pi J yil DPTy .njN'j'^K D •• "? y C) » 1 K DIKE^E^TKS D'K Ty2J<Dp^ 

RalkcS'ii It2Dyt3!<-ie ]\s y"7KHD N J I X taony-Ty^Tyeyi pi<'.iya t»x tjkdpjx 

Mrs. Pauline Gross — lyi } yo Di.JH ,0 J yo D"i KS y n- y » sN") A » » !< Dis )yD«<"iDP ja*inyaj^{ u^n 

M.kll H'^kmra'' t^ ^ ' *< V^ DJ'DyA iy ."j^-lD'SiC JDKimS K ]*K ]TBiya-1t< D*N taiM*? 

Ben Halper , "o D« t D » 1 N" p tf lyUJIN ,'?Kl3''SDvn »XJ»D DJJND p K 

Jacob ilolmstock " 

M. Lloyd Jenkins 

Mi.5. Grace Joi>«a* y 1 C] * J K pi<'71!{D<nX D»t< Dt< 1> t p ^! t ycON K2- y ♦ XKT i * « K •• T 

K^rorKoiraK:' J"'* ,DJuyi pt ] i 'T p 1 jtp ' T I s t3-pDy'7iyo 1 yT jjB DiMixa t«K 1 y 

Michael Ixigoydal y a* N Dijyn ,DyT DijDWJK .D"p'7*Df pK D^pi***!"! \\Q yi y 53 0!,iDDK ]N 
Morris'lis''^ tp V N )1'»Diya*1N '?(<OK"iyT«H D* K Oyil jyO tN jiJIN^m '1 Bt<p ]•"» 

ProkopLevoniR*iyD'7iJll ^]fl » 1 1 1< ' )1 y » SNIUD I "j » N yo'^ia X t»K D!j!n-D^ ,TJK'7"K O'Vy 

Abt!jiMrLS''in !AjnjyiU!< nywDpKne nyn px ■]»» Dpy'7BDaK i'ytyi lyTxpyo 

Vito Magii 

w°"H']"° y'7KT yp-'DD'n k Tyi o'j^BE'yi uxn oDKBTyTD ycjypTyjK p ■• » 

Maria Moreno I l 

Arpad Fador Nagy y^'jyU ^ i '^^ • Pl >< D y 1 )1B iilp'T'DIKS P t< i J > D'7 f< H D ' 1 X lyT J^X 

Joseph Navarra QyT ]l»nXa IV T*1K tSS'K ptt ,P1^ 1 y n J 1 K lUi'JTXS tX pM 

Liiword L. Nelson ' i'i>^f > 

D. Nicas .DDXWTyi^D DDj;"ii"j^a TyTiTa pD ji-nt 

Sam Nikolauk 

T. Novik 

Casirair Nowacki ^ «S JUyiTX J >£ PiJUyi 0T?»JKi1i< »*X OyU-Dt^tp Typ't^fT "1 yT 

nTh ''^"pTt ''^'"^^ Tx »x ,T"X IS T»t oyTjyn Ty , j yr3i<Ti'7»D ps ajik'-idxi lyn 

AukS P°edon«n : J t< »- y 1 i ■> O - X 1U< 1 y J K C/» I3S^P DIS LlDyD!<TE Ty^N p ' E/ .DJD&iy 

J*'^''" .''ji''*'^ Argyle Mackey, Commissioner of Imiiigration, 'Washington, D.C. 

Ern«tROTi .''"ya T 1 X JTyil D t !<'? y 1 DM 1 x' "? t< t Dt<-|A'7»0 OyO »X jyiJX'?TXS pX 

Samuel Rubinsky yD'-ia X pyufJ^X JD'jyn pX p''7!7J!< T* t tj'J^st 1 " X »X ,DJD"11X 

Ged^wfer 1 ^^ 5-' -"^ ,DjD'TT .fyiy.i p-! -.'P v D""! y cv (<ii D yn p yp A J li y" « :i-eD ym<i B 

Souia Schechrer Dijll , ) T J !^'D yp^B'lJ *T ]BKW JS'jyn IX y'iXTyS)<^<P TyX I" X JIB 

K^athmnefioley DDl(t-lA'7»0 IXD C]OXp DyT p-DlSJ^ UyD'DiJp OyT jay'jAyaiyi •? t? I 

Arvid Taipale OyT n»ix DyD*D!<p D1X ] yA J 1 1 yU ly 2 y"\y"X Dp*0 ,A3 1X'"-|QX3 

KrTlkevich .P''^ .^-^ V» t^J'Sy^ °«?" ^05;^^'^ 

Peter Vukcevich 

FwTeWilh^ A31X-1DX2 DDi;nA'?'»D T yi n 2 -.KQ nOXp T yT »X ,iypjy"'yi "T'D^'? 

Djyoy'yx ]ib Ajis»t:?x2 lyi nxa yspx yp^oo'ii x a^d'-s^"'?-! t'X 


,D nA ,pxj->yDX->D D»0 

IXD^t^Kt .1 

TA'7'«o oyo jyiBxa txb oyD'>oji:p oyn "ixb '?idd 


Exhibit No. 90 

[Dally Worker, New York, Wednesday, August 10, 1940, p. 3] 

IWO Vets To Join Pickets at Foley Square Friday 

Members of the International Workers Order who are veterans will join a 
veterans picket line Friday, Aug. 12, noon to 1 : 15 p. m. at Foley Square to 
protest the jailing of Henry Winston, Gus Hall, and Gil Green. 

The call to all IWO veterans was issued by Dave Greene, Constantine Ossip, 
Frank Ilchuck, Ernie Rymer, and Jerry Trauber, all veterans of World War 
II and leading members of the Order. 

"The people's demands to free Henry Winston from unjust imprisonment, as 
well as Gus Hall and Gil Green, who are also in jail, must be heard by Judge 
Medina," the veterans stated. 

Veterans were urged to wear their decorations and overseas caps. 

The Veterans Mobilization to Free Winston yesterday distributed 10,000 leaflets 
blasting the jailings as an act which "endangers the liberty of every citizen." 
The group urged a large turnout of veterans. 



Exhibit No. 91A 

-';L^i2i'-J:-:rT'r.--jrrj pas(8P«RT APPLICATI 

S,'.^"'''«.l'!JI^'rf,I»!^i,»'.'!ll^.ir^ FORM FOR NATIVE CITIZEN 



n(» tw* Uvn-np SXATAS, 

; 1 lo the Dptjartmcnt nf St»w. »t Waxliinictnn. for s pusgiori. i s. ; ,, . ri^iir >1>«t I wm buio «t 

../^aiP.CviAfc^ TiMt^to-TH of /^a^i^aJa: ,^ ^ec ■ J, /±l$_ 

ri.,.«i,rn!r) •r.|^,'» Kcuol)! ISl.t. of ommtrj ■ l-.l^,' J. 

1 lun dOKiicUed in the failed Sutcs. my permanent midenc* b<-ing m f Z H r/tiaso-i ^ f'-J^X'' 

/Vj?>v >'f>:A....C''y>) .,., f /iTr"V'-,A^ 

{Tuwn or cityj 

! havp resided outaid.' (hr I'niM-d States »a foUoivs O 

(MetenenMel, •ndpaH«d«f r«*ld*ffi««lm«MiifM«icn<ww4rtry> '^ 

L'nq/f-^^oi. ,^„ Jt^, /fi3 ,., JI<^e 193'? J, • 

, from _ 
, fn>m 


._ij? 8- J" . Ja»".,/^,..- „.d li MOW r,wi,i,K«t ateceaicJ 

(TV (oUowlor {Mrlion lo Ihb hloct U) be mi«(t In nu:y by « pcrwl) wthw ;^ 

if'^^'i HoytO-.U*/*^. 


'' ''" r ernitirHti-d to til*' I'Tiitcd Sietee* on or &b«>iit 

;-!)' in the (nitod Suites from 1 8?.fe.. in I 7 HS' 

I i •/ t 





? i'^ 

— I s I 




4__-- aiW^„ A 

ItiiHl iiieTPi»ri nw 

1 was bom At .... 


«--"'«■= i!:^?:n«:;r^'i;y';x:;lh,r.i 

. n.t HIT prcvioir 'y nmrrittl. 
iviL.. prc\ )(jii%iy uiarriwi to . 

tti»n t«k«. Mt lortli tacMlo • »up»(wnnntd<' at«tam*ift) 



. sh.>».ii i>y the (Vrliflcit.' • I N^lur;.;.* 



Exhibit No. 91B 

■port im aUaiUd fram i^ ^ ^'T 4'>1 ^ 

ud i» wtbBittad h w — «» for <wnel&U< 

a5SV . i^PJ^afi 
ton oftxmfMn til olBo* ft 

'fti.3 - ^- 

iliDK on board the 

jifD. r.dt\rh. 

diapoatUgii of pUB[wrt U tt 


I intend to visit the foDowing oountrini for the purpoeoe indicated: 

.A>^£.Ar.ALUA/N.. ,. . 

(NU»M of COUDtrtM u tM TtSWd) 

knd I intend to return to the TJnit*d Statcfi within S^ 


I ro<iuei,t that itiy pa*>s^>ort bo moilod to the following addroBs: 

,N.m... r/fA/vc£-.5 n.:..As.MQiy: ^ 

b» ■Jtnattmt) 

Purt of dupwtun) 


P^on.— A pftiwport trill not b« mmJlod to « 
bot^l acldnu unless Ui» bote) b tb* 
(tpplimat'a plac* of pemuuiam rari- 

»{ Numbw •nd itrset 
I CHy and Mate. 

IWfM i Urn 

H2i HuJIsoy, ^■fvuif' „. 

^ SJ-^ IndiM. 

KyM . 

f^7 - " 

DIcUnsutohInf marks ar faaturat tiASCJt. 

(Not* WI7 mxrkii or 

PlBca of Mrtb 


JecefvjMM 1 ./f / g- 

(Month, (My, lun rourr 

ft I 

Data ef birtti . 

I Bol«mntT fiwear thst tbe stfttementa mode < 
bervto Is a liken«a0 of i 



both siHn of this appHcatkm are trtic and that tfa« phcta^iniph attaffiad 

^^harenot} ''*'" o«'<Jf»liied as a dtiien of a forrign state; taken an oath or made an affirmation or other R)ra>*l declara- 
tion of ailogianoe to a foreign state: entered or served in the arraed forces of a foreign state; accepted or performed the duties of 
any oftti», pfwt or employment msAist the government of a foreijjn state or political subdivision thereof ; voted in a political elec- 
tion in a foreign st^te or partieipated in an election or plebiscite to detennine the sovereignty over foreign territory; made a 
formal renuociation of nationality before a diplomatic or consular officer of the United States in a foreign state; been convicted 
by eourt martial of des^ting the military or naval servioe of tbe United 8tatee In time ^ war; been oonvioted by cotirt m&rtiaL 
or by a court of competent Jurisdiction, oi oommitttug any act of treaaon against, or of attempting by force to overtlirow, or <rf 
bearing arm> acaimi, tbe Ooited States. 


Further, T do solemnly swear that I wDl support and defend tbe Constitution of the United States 
foreign ml domestic; that I will bear tnie faith and allegianca to the same; and that I take thia obligation 
maiitai'^Mt^nfiao, or purpose of evaaioo: So help tdb Qod. dj li 

f ^ IUM29Wb <si,.iiii;r,-.«i«rttoUk> 

.BaiMeribedw^inrpn) io bafiate >"• *•»!• MVil-r.r- "TTT __ d^ of ,: _^ 

aU eDemies, 
\y, without any 



-^ IB 



CbtkufOu, — AgWlti. n«Mll1—t If SliiOiirNf X- 



Bolenmly <««ar that I am a dtlxrai of tbe United States : that T reside at tbe address written below my 

. ; that I kncnr the applicant who executed the affidavit hereinbefare set forUi to be a oftiien of tbe United 

Mates: that the ststementK made in tbe applicant's afBdavIt are true to tbe best of my knowledge and belief; further, I aolemnlj 
•wear that I have known the ap^cant personally for ._*!_ years. - r^ . jCj 



f^,'i, 8«faMrB»l awl nroca to b<<on w this —tUtf! . ? ..V.. ^ ^ du 



Clll>«<liliiililli III ijiiilllMlH, ff Mil liliMil. 11 Halrt 




Exhibit No. 92A 


ttcuwTT : UWCLASSiriED raiORiTV: All POOCH -- -^ '^ '•" '*"" 

800.a61A/>-26S0 /. '^^ F XT'* 


TO : DrpaMTOfnt ,>f S<»t. . 

mm Oslo 491, March ..-V 195U "'* Zt°'o^ '^ ^ '^' 




OF THE Democratic world youth organization, 

CoBBBunist Frih«ten on March 24 published «n Intcrriav 
with Mrs Franc e* DamooLt *" Aaerican cltlten and vic«- 
chalnnan mT the Democrstic World louth Organization, who 
is visiting OsJo to participate in th« peace congress 
March 24-26 arranged by the Norv»egian P«ace Conalttee. 

According to Friheten . Mrs. Daaion made the following 

"All over the world young people are parliicipatlng in - , 
the great fight for peace The DWTO has now 60 Billion mem- 
bers in 74 countries Its major task today is to work for 
peace in cooperation with other democratic oaea organizations 
and all peace loWng people, 

"Following the World Peace Congreas in Paris last year 
and the great festiral and congress in Budapest, the more 
raent has marie ^eat progreas, and youth is becoming more and 
more actlv*- ).n the world-wlae movement the sl« of which to- 
day is closest to the heart of all progressive nninded people 
the struKKip to preserve peace- 

"In th<s capitalist world, the youth peace movement has 
made special ^f ->< « m I'.iiy In that country half s 
million younr. 'is have signed a petition for 

peace' The ' '. youth standB solidiv with ttieir 

older comrades '*r..-> .-tfus* to unIo»d weajxina and ammunition 
from th*" United .Statea The Italian youth is firmly deter- 
mined to trevent a new war. 

"The vouni^ i uopie lu the Lr..\r»;d r.tat«--3 live under very 
difficult conditions today, "^l^f-::- ar" t"'.-<je ir.tillon anam 
ployed you»v, people. The crisis hits t .>: yjung people 

BWienckeiWWPhelpsrrvm 3/28/50 


Exhibit No. 92B 

I FT ? Op, . i,fyi 

V, !,, r^i-j I I y . 

ai ■•. Nf 

85333 O — 57 — pt. 2 13 



Exhibit No. 93A 



MIIOBTt ; 1 




ecpstci) Ik). 2' 8 of J\mc S, 1950 
r sans;.' IT PAL CF iNOLiSH TaSr : 

FHA?<C:^ ijA:;o>: ' " y---';- ?i, i^; . 


reported by 

.'ted herewith is the inrush l> 

-iin, the Soviet radio station, to iiavf : ' -r- :;-3 

■ lleged A^.crican citizivn ar.d Vico Presid' - __- 

■ :<ra t i s c he n J uge nd (World tnion of Cemoc- •; 21, 

the Soviet Sector of Berlin, it may b' . speech 

f the strongest which iias yet been made i. - citizens 
atin^i; ,in the various "peace" rallies in tMc Soviet 5ectcr of Perlin; 

- '■-^ — ^". : - --."^.---* '"•> n\* t'lP ■■-.-Id Youth Reek, I bring you 

1 ' bnndp s der ferckratischen 
~^ ■ :."r;tr;'. "S. '^ar tasks in 
• --ce lies in 
,_ desired Vy 





, out. "if 


- , ^, -; r- ■^^<, the re-armanent of ','iestern 
■ the Soviet Union w!io 
•- nas at the head of ail 
nierenct of the .jcecutivc Co^^mittee 
ggend called upon all youth organi- 
"./ a ■.;■ *r.eir el. ;rt£ against remilitarization. 
roud t-ecause T»e can see today that Geri;ian youth 

.^ ::. is fulfillin,; it with honor, fte greet the &i,^,rei.,-. 

ul peace fighters particularly those in ftest Germany who are sub- 
to the most horrible kind of suppression by the Bonn Government 
^yally carries out the orders of the American iaiperialist oasters. 
X. the battle of the entire uenr^n youth for a unified, democratic 
, Gemai^', and we wish you new success in the hattle for the 

•'.c'-'. Permit me now to greet you as a young ioiierican in be- 
. --efflocratic youtn of ray country and tu say a few words to you. 

rile 2?1 


»f^ com t« DC/R ftit* with ut r«uiur«»am)( tW *<-n#A tmkww, 


Exhibit No. 93B 

lik-^ t... !■■ 

Alo- 3: 

\hc.rirf< 'he Ar.t- - 
:.t3 fi end-officiii 

•:il basis discovni, .^ L,^. 
■ 'ha' the A-T^ericari trio; - 

^', you, 'Ani' ::,nic Hone. i -■ -'r.g- 

■■er'. 7ie vvant rf.tce ana frit-. 

ne close by pa^.^ltig to you orn ' ! nf; 

<ra* is^h'-r, Jj-tno, I w1ch •,•':>■■ new success 

LlJ.'arizat inn of ?i^;.terr. .Jerniany 
I ■:--:: ; ' ' ocratic Republic." 

. itni-iper 

Afiserican Coniiul 'iener&l 


Exhibit No. 94 


Prague, in English to Europe, Aug. 17, 1950, 2030 caU— L 

(Interview with Frances Dffp g;;i. V.S, delegate representating the WFDY 
at the International Union of Students' congress in Prague.) 


iMiss Damon was asked what deoocratic young Americans tiiink of U.S. 
intervention against Korea. 

" 'We liave juany examples which show that the broadest sections of young 
people in^the lJlli1iedjSLliaifia^MxelilKreasiQelx.5JPoken out to condemn 
the Uj5« iar_,QX aggresj3ian_against the Korean people. Just a short 
while ago in Chicago 12 young reTIglous and student leaders Joined 
together to send a message to President Truaaan asking him to drop 
the draft and end intervention in Korea. They declared, "As Christian 
young people we feel very strongly that drafting U.S. boys and sending 
them to die in Korea can only further World War III, not prevent it." 

'"They urged President Truman to settle the dispute Immediately in 
the meeting of the Security Council of the United Nations to which all 
... including the de facto Government of China, the Chinese People's 
Republic, would be invited. Two days later 15 student leaders at the 
University of Michigan, backed by the university student newspaper, 
sent a peace plea " to President Tnunan with a number of proposals in- 
cluding the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Korea, demanding a unified 
Korean Government of Koreans. These actions. Joined with many other 
protests from trade unions, Negro leaders, groups of working youth, 
and progressive organizations, reflect the mounting opposition to the 
adventurist aggressive policy of the ruling circles of the United States. 

'"Contrary to the wishes of Will Street the colonialist war in Korea 
- is not proving very popular among U.S. ycmth. THE UNITED PRESS announced 
the results of a survey showing that nearly 25 percent of those called 
to register for the draft after the beginning of the war in Koi^a did 
not show up. And we know of the statements of the llA war prisoners and 
other U.S. soldiers who surrendered to the Korean People's Army, expos- 
ing the real character of U.S. intervention in Korea, condemning it, 
and protesting against the merciless mass bombings of the peaceful 
Korean people and their homes, universities, schools, and hospitals. 

"'Yes, It is clear that more and more U.S. young people are waking up 
to Wall Street's alne of colonizing Korea, and they show their sympathy 
and solidarity with the peoples of Asia and other parts of the world 
who want nothing but to live in independence and peace.'" 

Exhibit No. 95 



TO : DepartmenT of Sc< 



nHM : .J^CONSUL H.-.i:.!'; jl: 'ar.' 

wwKT: ciTi7.EKs:-i:-. CAi'K ::-" ?"'ANCi:-: da;:.- 

the Decewber 1, 1950, is' ' 
carried r.n s'-ticle under ' 
JVqncis DA.Vr»;, sn A-ner^ca 
at the Soviet-sponsorc-d 

is reputed to b: '^^ ..*.,. •.,.-, 
cratic Youth. 

It is jisBumed liiat tiis aatte 
reported by Legation Vienna. 


Exhibit No. 96 

[Dally People's World, Tuesday, February 10, 1953] 

Five-Point Fight Mapped for Foreign-Born Defense 

(By Charles Glenn) 

Los Angeles, Feb. 9.— A program to end, "once and for all," government harass- 
ment of the foreign born was laid out here Saturday by 292 delegates to the 
Southern California Conference to Defend the Rights of Foreign Born Americans. 

Major points of the campaign were : 

Outright repeal of the Walter-McCarran law. 

End to application of "stool pigeon" Section 23-B of the McCarran Act of 1950. 

End to mass deportation of Mexican workers, citizens and non-citizens alike. 

Separation of the Immigration & Naturalization Service from the Justice Dept. 

End to admission of Nazis into the United States, even while the Walter-Mc- 
Carran Law which permits it is in existence. 

Tone of the conference was set by the Rev. Stephen Fritchman, Unitarian pas- 
tor, who reminded delegates and observers they were participating "in no new 
thing, but in one more phase of the long-term struggles for human freedom, 
struggles which have been won and will continue to be won. 

"In fighting the antistranger complex of a Senator McCarran and a Rep. 
Walter, we are fighting for the tradition which had brought Thomas Jefferson to 
the White House as the people repudiated the Alien and Sedition laws of that 


Cleophus Brown, Los Angeles Negro Labor Council president, called on dele- 
gates to "recognize our responsibility in the struggle for protection of the foreign 
born as a main line of defense to preserve the rights of all the American people. 

"It isn't just the foreign born they're after with the Walter-McCarran Law," 
Brown said. "It is the trade unions they are after as well * * * it is the Negroes 
they are after as well * * ♦ it is the professional people, the teachers and other 
intellectuals and, further, what they are really after is to abolish the rights and 
dignity of every individual American so that human decency and brotherhood may 
become a crime." 

Brown pointed to the need for unity among "15 million Negroes, 14 million for- 
eign born, and 15 million organized trade unionists" in the fight against all re- 
pressive legislation. 


Delegates from Los, Angeles, San Francisco, Seattle, Portland, and Honolulu, 
were told by Gilbert Canales, Warehousemen's Local 26, ILWU, that the problem 
of the mass deportation of Mexican workers was one of the most critical in the 

He noted that 1,183,524 Mexican workers were deported from the U. S. in 1951 
alone, through use of legal, extra-legal and outright illegal methods directed 
mainly at agricultural workers imported by big U. S. farmers. 

Among those deported, he noted, were native-born children. 

"Someone," he said, "once charged that 500 American-born children a day were 
being deported. The immigration Service indignantly denied this — they said 
they were only deporting 25 American born children a day." 

Effects of the Walter-McCarran Law, Canales said, "only make sharper the 
realization of the need to fight it now. 

"It is aimed at intimidating the whole American i)eople, and it's up to the 
whole American people to fight it out of existence." 

Canales' call for unity was taken up by Mrs. Rose Chernin, executive director of 
the Los Angeles Committee for Protection of Foreign Born, conference sponsor. 

"The defense of the 14 million foreign born is not the responsibility of the for- 
eign born alone, and their defense organizations," said Mrs. Chernin. "It is, in 
the first place, the responsibility of the American people." 


Trade unionists Al Thidbodeaux, San Pedro-Wilmington port agent of the 
Marine Cooks & Stewards Union, and Russell Nixon, Washington representative 
of the United Electrical Workers, underscored the role of trade unions in the fight 
against Walter-McCarran and similar legislation. 


Thibcdeaux noted that the Walter-McCarran Act has already had its vicious 
effects among seafaring trade unionists by virtue of its "screening" and "visitors' 
time limit" provisions, which bar many seamen from sailing from, or entering 
U. S. ports. 

MCS, Thibodeaux said, was first of the seafaring unions to take up the fight, 
but others are now joining in because of the implications of disaster to trade 
unions contained in the law's deportation and "screening" provisions. 

Nixon emphasized his belief that concerted action by the people can win repeal 
of the Walter-McCarran Law, the Taft-Hartley Law, the Smith Act, and others. 

He said that in contacting Congressmen in the course of his work as UE's Wash- 
ington representative, he has found "even there, a new and growing sense of con- 
cern and fear about where we are and where we're going." 

He implored conference delegates to act "to tear this dirty page out of this 
country's history book, and you can do it now." 

And that was just what they started to do in their panel sessions — on Labor, 
Mexican Workers, Youth, National Groups and Legal Counsel. 

Atty. Daniel G. Marshall, chairman of the closing session, summed up the con- 
ference with the statement that "defense of the foreign born is a key front in the 
defense of all the American people against repression." 

Exhibit No. 97 

Michigan Committee for Protection of Foreign Born, 
920 Charlevoix Bhlg., Detroit 26, Mich., October 29, 1953. 

[For release] 

Russ Nixon To Keynote Walter-McCarran Conference 

Russ Nixon, Washington legislative director of the United Electrical Workers 
Union, will be the keynote speaker at the Michigan Conference to Repeal the 
Walter-McCarran Law and Defend the Rights of Foreign Born Americans, to be 
held on Sunday, November 22, at the Hotel TuUer, Detroit, Michigan. 

The Conference will devote special attention to the Lehman-Celler Bill, intro- 
duced by eight Senators and twenty-four Congressmen as a substitute for the 
Walter-McCarran Law. 

Before becoming Legislative Director of the United Electrical Workers, Mr. 
Nixon was a Harvard economist and was in charge of de-Nazifying the cartels 
and monopolies with the American Military Government in Germany after World 
War II. 

Trade Unions, fraternal, religious, and civic groups were urged to send dele- 
gates or observers. Individuals are invited to attend as visitors. 

Requests for further information and advance credentials should be sent to 
Michigan Committee for Protection of Foreign Born, 920 Charlevoix Bldg., 
Detroit 26, Michigan, WOl-5196. 

Exhibit No. 98 

[Daily Worker, New York, Tuesday, February 17, 1953, p. 3] 

Bring Plea for Milgrom Bail to Capital Today 

A delegation of prominent Americans will see Commissioner of Immigration 
Argyle Mackey in Washington today (Tuesday) to demand bail for Sam Milgrom, 
fraternal and labor leader held for deportation under the McCarran-Walter Act. 

The delegation will be composed of the Rev. Charles A. Hill, Negro minister 
of Detroit, Rockwell Kent, president of the International Workers Order ; Rubin 
Saltzman, general secretary of the Jewish Peoples Fraternal Order ; Russ Nixon, 
UE leader ; Dr. Marcus Goldman, scientist, and Mrs. Dee Paul, of Lincoln Steffens 
Lodge 500, IWO. 


Exhibit No. 99 



. . Attend Public Hearmg 

oa -Hia »Emi»CELlAH BILL 
SOTDAY, 21, 2j00 F,rt, ,. iS'^ 

nnumn HOfii,, 172 w Aimm ' 

Hi A 1 
/ SISS NIXON, LdgitlstiTe Dlr®otor of United Eleetrioftl Workers ITaioa 
.ABffiH QRESK, ixeoatir© S»or®t«iry, Aasriaan Cowitte© IVoteotioa Foreign Born 

and mimm FsoM cssRCH, CIVIC, cortcgim mi unmkLnx omvT^ 


■their point of riem oa ttje UhaRB-Celler Bill, latrcsduoea la Congress hy JC 
Seaators and Rapreaentatiws Ttieh. is etilX >)ottl«d up ia Coamitte©. 

Samtor Leham, speaking at the Hotel iistor on Jaawry 10, said lE p&rt In re- 
ferring to «4« deportetioa viotlsuj of the Vfe iter-I&CarraK Aoti 

"...tts,® MtsCarrsa Aot is tr«,Ml«t©d into gpedifis ©sads ef hmmn hardship, of 
hiamn trage^iea wfticto WBfront us »v®ry day rnxder oar vary eye-fi- ... brnaklKg up 
hones, destroying Hires, flingisg hvmscn -rtotiiBa aside with the asfaeling deli- 
beratness of a bulldetsr •*. Thasm w* hmaan belies, thess are our orni brothers 
of ifeeteTer mtioml origitj timf mr *« md of *iteit«-TOr faith they raay be.,. It 
ie far from tssoufsh to 'b® «etl»fi®d in our omi mlnd» ftat «»• MoCsrraa-»i Iter 
Aot is a bed law* We iwet, eash of as and all of u«, ooIleotiTsly, essuiw fall 
respoaalbilil^ of proJ«eting •&!$ oorrrietlon ttroughout tte leng'^ and breadth 
of our Jaad«" 

1 full hall will be a d®a»n»tratlon egaisstt the order by Ifflnigration aad 
Katar&liiatloa Sorriee for tfett Brsovioh to surreader htuself for Jail and 
daportatlon Harsh Uthi the jailing »tthout bail of Steve tsenasgasi the de- 

m'UjrsU&a tios of Chitrles futwer. 

Enclosed find tloketa - bring your family and friends* Toa ean pay for tiokets 
at the door. 

AUSriCESj MdTwest Cotaraittee far frot^otioa of Foreign Bora 
U31 SouUi Dearborn Strset, Chicago % lU 


Exhibit No. lOOA 


No. 1 FEBRUARY, 1954 25^ 

marchot ^ 




Exhibit No. lOOB 


Thvre will '«■ I'lcnty nf hot lights 
on legislation in the 2nil Session of 
the 83rd Contie^s which opened last 
month. But most Representatives and 
Senators won't have their minils on 
bills in the hopper. 

For this is election year— and the 
whole House and one-third of the 
Senate have their jobs on the line. 
Most Congressmen, accordingly, will 
keep their eyes and cars open for a 
chance to do something that will help 
them out on that cold Novemlier Pay 
of Reckoning. 

The Congressional session is really 
only the first act in a drama that will 
take all year. There'll be many 
speeches designed, in the Backroom 
Boys' jargon, "for the home folks." 
Some floor fights may even be staged 
to give a build-up to certain members 
on both sides of the aisle who are in 
trouble in their districts. 

The normal election year jitters 
arc intensified this time because po- 
litical strategists of all parties agree 
that this November will mark a turn- 
ing point which can determine the na- 
tion's future for many years to come. 
If lalior grasps this and acts now. 
it ran certainly make a big differenoe 
when the votes are counted. It might 
even influence what happens during 
the .session--as bad as ihc S^frd Con- 
gress is. 

TO GET .i^N IDE.A of what can 
be expected from Congress, take a 
look at its record in r.i5'?. The Re- 
publican S.'ird was not a "do nothing" 
Congress; it was a "do nothing good" 
Congress. It did many bad things. 
and started the whet'ls moving on 
many more. 

Made up overwhelmingly of politi- 
cians who follow the line of the Na- 
tional Association of Manufacturers, 
the Chamber of Commerce and the 
Cadillac Cabinet irt the White House, 

Cimj-'rcss move<l in (luickly to pay off 
thi' -leiial interests that picked up 
llif (ioi' lab in the '.')2 campaign. 
(l:l\h"ii' oil rtscrvos worth over %fA) 
ImIIioii wiTf clrarcd fur private ex- 
ploilatiiin. Stepped up was the process 
of turning' over to wealthy profiteers 
publicly owned power, lands, atomic' 
energy resources and synthetic rub- 
ber |ilants. Speculative holders of old 
reinuliated Cicrman bonds got a hand- 
out that cost the .American people 
alKiut $2 billion. 

Other kinds of payoffs were the 
>\iping out of public housing and re.Tt 
control and the in interest 

Congri'ss also made a flank attack 
on thi- |u<.ple by cutting appropria- 
tion- on lal>or and social legislation. 
Uneniploynient insurance offices, for 
example, are l)eing closed while un- 
employment is rising. Enforcement 
of the minimum wage and hour law 
and child labor regulations was 
crippled by budget cuts, Federal aid 
to education was slashed. 

was found to organize four separate 
McCarthyitc "smearing" committees, 
but none to act on FEPC or other 
proposals affecting minority rights or 
to fulfill campaign pledges on Taft- 
Hartley and tire Walter-McCarran 

.\bove all. Congress voted the money 
and made hot speeches to keep world 
tensions at a maximum and world 
trade (and jobs at home) at a mini- 
mum. The Crusade against Reds in 
the world cost $70 billion a year and 
paralleled the fake McCarthy Cru- 
sade at home. 

This year's continues the 
l'.i5;! session. Everything picks up 
where it was left last August. Here's 
a rundown on the big issues; 

The fat will be in the fire on Taft- 
Hartley and bills to end free choice 
of unions by setting up government 
licensing of labor. Some Republicans, 
anxious to play politics with labor 
in November, favor a few iiiddling 
revisions in T-ll, cspecKilly atfectinK 
.•\FL buihling trades unions. The 
GOP majority, however, doesn't even 
want to make feeble gestures. It wants 
to toughen up anil extend T-H, anil 
to make sure that the N'LRB becomes 
even more blatantly anti-union and 

THE WORST THREAT to all un- 
ions is the drive to give government 
bureaucrats life-and-death control 

over labor under the guise of hunt- 
ing "subversives." This is the But- 
ler Bill, the main objective of the 
NAM and the Chamber of Commerce 
in the field of labor. AEL, CIO and 
the independent unions have expressed 
strong opposition to such legislation. 
Budget and taxes will be big issues 
that involve everyone in .America. 
The government will spend $8 billion 
more than it takes in this year. Chiscl- 
inir cuts en social services won't help 
matters much because, as Treasury 
Secretary Humphrey admitted recent- 
ly, the only real possibility of re- 
ducing the budget lies in military 

It's on the budget, strangely, that 
the question of easing world tensiong 
will be felt first. For instance, those 
who want lower taxes might propose 
that the U.S. stop spending nearly $1 
billion to keep France fighting the Na- 
tionalist* in Viet Nam. 

The budget will determine the total 
tax bill but not who is going to pay it. 
Employers and wealthy persons al- 
ways want to shift the load on t.b« 
backs of ordinary people. So, under 
one name or another, the push is on 
for a national sales tax. Schemes are 
also afoot to revise the laws to in- 
crease millionaires' loopholes. A 
minor but still important chance to 
do some good is the possibility of pass- 
ing a law to let working parents de- 
duct expenses for child care in figur- 
ing income taxes. 

It's quite clear that unemployment 
IS already a serious problem and will 
get worse. What will Congress do 
about it? So far nothing has been 
done although economic storm signals 
are appearing everywhere. 

How about FEPC? Sen. Irving Ives 
(R-.NY) says committee hearings 
will start in January. It is the middle 
of January and no such hearings 

McCarthy attack on Truman mean 
that Democrats and decent Republi- 



Exhibit No. lOOC 


and the company developed into a legal 
battle with most of the bargaining 
taking place in the court room. The 
union supported a taxpayers' suit for 
a court order to the company to re- 
sume service by September 17. It 
backet a petition filed by the 
city asking the State Utilities Com- 
mission to order resumption of ser- 

The legal maneuvers undoubtedly 
placed some pressure on the company. 
Observers feel, however, that they 
created dangers which are still very 
much alive despite the strike victory 
— principally, a proposal for a state 
Little Railway Labor Act which is be- 
fore the legislature. Such a law 
would probably hamstring labor and 
jeopardize the gains of the strike. 

of the most significant on the West 
Coast in recent years. In challenging 
•N'ational City, the union did more 
than take on a huge corporatiop. 
They took on the policy of "soak the 
public, a fare increase now, a wage 
raise later," and won a smashing 
victory. They cristallized a solid 
front cutting across political and 
even economic lines and demonstrated 
that the vast majority of people reject 
the theory that "what's good for Gen- 
eral .Motors is good for the nation." 
Labor showed more than a willing- 
ness to spring to the support of strik- 
ing fellow workers; it showed eager- 
ness. Factional differences were 
brushed aside, jurisdictional claims 
forgotten, political differences junked. 
Labor was ready to fight. The extra- 
ordinary unity of organized labor 
had its effect too in achieving the 
greatest popular support of a strike 
in the Frisco area since the 1934 
Longshore and General Strike. 

The Key strikers demonstrated that 
the weapons of mass action and popu- 
lar support are in labor's arsenal to 
be used when needed. When used, 
they bring victory. ■■■ 
• rflRUAtT, 1tt4 

Ciirtain Raiser for November 

{( nntinued from page 6) 
cans will join Sen. Lehman (D-NY) 
in fighting McCarthyism? Will Sen- 
ate 16, the "immunity" bill already 
passed by the Senate to deprive wit- 
nesses before McCarthyite committees 
of the protection of the Fifth Amend- 
nunt, become law? Will Browneil's 
plan to legalize wiretapping be 

The Republicans promised to do 
something on the anti-foreign born 
Walter-.McCarran Act. Now they 
have made a secret deal to do nothing 
this year. On the other hand, the 
Lehnian-Celler proposed revisions 
could open the door to wiping out this 
anti-demotratic law. 

Congress this year will make deci- 
sions whether or not to take us closer 
to the brink of war. Will the growing 
desire of people everywhere to ease 
world tensions find expression on 
Capitol Hill? 

THESE ARE burning bread-and- 
hulter, life-and-death issues. As the 
weeks pass, the fact that what Con- 
>;iess does means a lot to working 
people will become more and more 
clear. Nothing will change the 83rd 
Congress into a progressive body 
eagerly serving the people's interests. 
But it can be halted in its most out- 
rageous schemes, and some positive 
steps can be squeezed from politicians 
who have to face the voters. 

How? By mobilizing a fight on each 
of the issues. By letters, wires and 
visits to Congressmen and Senators. 
By grabbing every chance to join 

with other labor and community 
);roups in united actions. 

The fight on the issues now be- 
fore Congress is the best possible 
preparation for November. People 
who are aroused over Congress and 
taxes, or Congress and labor, or Con- 
gress and farm prices will be aroused 
about the election. 

sin and New Jersey, where the GOP 
took a licking, demonstrate what's 
in the wind. The Congress of 1956 
can be a profound improvement. 

It's important to check at once and 
see what must be done to give the 
people a chance to elect pro-labor can- 
didates. In some states, primaries are 
held very early in the year. In Illi- 
nois, for example, nominating peti- 
tions have to be filed between Janu- 
ary 18 and 25. A primary campaign 
may be necessary to .'.void having the 
choice on Nov. 2 limited to a "no- 
good" Republican and a "no-good" 
Democrat, or to assure Negro repre- 
sentation and the election of labor 

In every area, unions must make 
sure their members are registered lo 
vote. Political action committees need 
to begin functioning. .Alliances have 
to be made. 

These necessary steps can bring re- 
sults which will surprise the cynics 
and confound the reactionary poli- 
ticians. If labor acts in time a bloc 
of pro-labor, anti-Mc<'arthy Congress- 
men can be elected in November. ■■■ 

AFL .Sm Rttontr 


Exhibit No. lOlA 


El<«<fl Em« >1i« S«rMl, N«w y«f«i ft, N.y. PLau 1-1**0 



WASHIMjTON - The accusation was made today before the House Judiciary 
Committee that a "sneak blitz" is being attempted by the Adminiatration "to 
pass legislation - under the guise of fighting subversion - which will open 
the way for wholesede attacks and even liquidation of organizations which 
oppose Administration policies in this election year." 

The statement was'made by Russ Nixoa, Legislative Representative of 
the United Electrical, Radio and tfechine V/orkers of America (UE), representing 
300,000 workers in the electrical, radio, machine and farm equlpnent industry, 
appearing at the opening of hearings in opposition to legislative proposals 
of Attorney General Herbert Brownell known as the Brownell-Reed bills. 
(H.J. Rea. 527 and H.J. Res. 528) 

"An attempt is beinj made," Mr. Nixon told the Committee, "to use 
the Congress of the United States as a 'rubber stamp* to give the Administration 
life and death control over all organizations ani trade anions," 


Exhibit No. lOlB 

"The Brownell proposals, introduced by Congressiaan Reed (R. , 111.) 
and Senator Fergiison (R., Mich.) are the most far-reaching, anti -democratic 
proposals ever seriously advanced in the United States Congress and can only 
be described as the enabling legislation for an Anericem-tj-pe fascism," 1-lr, 
Nixon stated. "The entire labor movement has repeatedly gone on record 
opposed to this type of legislation." 

Stating that there is every indication that labor and liberal forces 
will achieve outstanding victories in the 1954- Congressional elections, Mr. 
Nixon expressed the opinion that "the Brownell-Reed bills are being frantically- 
rushed thro'Jgh the Congress, without even benefit of adequate hearings or 
testimony fron Mr, Brownell hinself , because the Administration believes it 
needs a weapon to terrorize any opposition to its policies - especially opposi- 
tion from labor sources." 

»• "It is ImpoGsible," Mr. Nixon stated, "to overstate the danger to the economic 

security and welfare of the country that these Brownell proposals present... No one 
can honer.tly expect that measures sponsored by the U.S. Chamber of Con:nerce, the 
National Association of Manufacturers, the General Electric Co., the American Mining 
Congress, Westinghouse, Allis-Chalmers, will be mildly administered against unions... 
Mr. Nixon also charged, and quoted editorials from the Wall Street Journal , the 
l ouirville (Ky.) Coigior -Journal and the St. Louis Post Dispatch , that the Brownell 
proposals "could endanger the very existence of any organization with an independent 
policy including churches, PTA's, newspapers, radio stations, as well as unions." 

Pointing to the role of trade unions in the fight to raise the living standards 
of the people, Mr. Nixon stated that "only free trade unions controlled exclusively 
by their members... have the strength and effectiveness required to protect the 
economic welfare and democracy of the country," 

"The security of our nation requires full preservation of the civil rights of 
the people," Mr. Nixon said. 


Exhibit No. lOlC 

Disagreeing with the idea that the Brownell proposals actuaUy seek to root out 
subversion, Hr, Nixon stated that " the real purpose of the Brownell bills is... to give 
reactionary corpor ate enplovers a weapon to smash unions, to blacklist workers, to 
outlaw in this cou ntry any form of political expression that does not meet with the 
approval of organi zed Big Business and its representatives in Government. " 

"One can search the records of all the investigating iommittees , " the union 
official stated, "all the government reports, all the testimony of anti-labor com- 
panies, all the results of all the forces hungry for evidence to support their tales 
of espionage and sabotage and yet the fact remains i there heia not been a single 
verifie d instance of union-connected sabotage or espionage in any industrial estab-; 
lishment in America within our recent history ." 

hfr. Nixon charged that "the Brownell-Reed type of legislation cannot stand 'the 
light of day' and plana, therefore, are being laid to rush the laeasure through the 
last days of the 83rd Congress without adequate hearings, without any testimony from 
the Administration as to why the bills are needed or, in the case of the Senate, with- 
out any hearings whatsoever." 

"This 'sneak blitz' can be stopped," Mr, Nixon stated. "The entire labor move- 
ment has repeatedly opposed this type of legislation. We believe that the proposals, 
advanced by Mr. Brownell raise questions so fundamental to the continued existence of 
the United States as a free nation, so far-reaching in their effects upon the future 
lives and welfare of all Americans, as to reouire the gravest and most deliberate 
scrutiny and consideration of the broadest public discussion." 


Exhibit No. 102 A 

6th Annual Conference 

To Repeal the Walter-McCarran Law and Defend Its Victims, Danish Audi- 
torium, April 7th, 1956 

Summary Proceedings 


Opening session : Page 

Opening Kemaiks by David Hyiin and George Lee 1 

Speech by Rt. Rev. Walter Mitchell 1 

Greetings by Rose Spector, Grace Partridge 3 

Speech by Abner Green 3 

Introduction of Guests 6 

Rose Chernin: "Report of LACPFB for 1955-1956" (Highlights) 6 

General session at 1 p. m. : 

Remarks by Rev. Stephen H. Fritchman S 

Remarks by Dr. W. E. B. DuBois 8 

Josephine Yanez : "Report of LACPFB on Deportations" (Highlights) _ S 

Remarks on Supervisory-Parole by H. Carlisle 10 

Introduction of Guests 10 

Keynote Speech "Report from the Nation's Capital" — Russ Nixon 10 

Panel sessions from 2 to 4 p. m. (see below) 

Final se.ssion at 4 p. m. : 

Report from Legal Panel, Esther Shandler 11 

Treasurer's Report, by Joseph Klein 11 

Report from Credentials Committee. Fania Bernstein 11 

Nominations Committee Report, by Harry Carlisle 11 

Trade Union Panel Report: Rito Valencia 12 

Nationalities Panel Report: John Uhrin 12 

Mexican Panel Report: Maria Cruz 13 

Community & Legislative Panel Report: Dorothy Marshall 14 

Appendices : 

Legislative Program of Action 

Summary of Resolutions ; — 

Remarks on Denaturalization, by Peter Chaunt 

Note. — Delegates and Observers are urged to make reports to their organiza- 
tions and seek endorsement of the general Resolutions and Program of Action 
of the Conference; and solicit orders for Rei>eal Campaign materials and the 
pamphlet "Citizens Without Rights" for distribution to the members (a petition 
and posters and leaflets are being prepared). Also, please take up the matter 
of a donation for our 1956 Fund Drive. Address further inquiries and requests 
to: L. A. Committee for Protection of Foreign Born, 326 W. 3rd St., Rm 318 
L. A. 13. 

Exhibit No. 102B 

Russ Nixon: 

The principle on which the Committee operates is the same as that of trade 
unionists — if we're to have trouble let's have it together. Nehru was fond of 
quoting Gandhi's precept "Don't be afraid !" Today McCarthyism is no longer 
riding high, as it was a short time ago. Now we must tackle in earnest getting 
rid of the Walter-McCarran Law, which has reversed the old saying "Nothing 
human is alien to me," to read : "Nothing foreign is human to me." The rising 
tide of struggle, especially among the Negro people, is a fine sign. When Jim 
Crow goes the Walter-McCarran Law goes. 

The Law was passed over Truman's veto, but the vote was close. We would 
have won if not for votes of the Southern bourbons in Congres.s — 83 Southerners 
voted for it, when 18 votes would have defeated it. Only 3 votes were needed in 
the Senate, but Southerners voted 20 to 2 to override the veto. Thus Jim Crow 
and oppression of the foreign born go together. 15 million Negroes must be 
free. 15 million foreign born must also win equal rights. 

The temper of labor is beginning to change, too. There was unity for many 
months in the recent strike of the UE, together with Carey's union. In Phila- 
delphia recently 71 AFL and OIO unions were represented at a union rally. 


The big labor federations are officially on record for Repeal — but action is not 
being pushed, despite the fact that the Law is a union busting device. J. Matles 
of the UE is an example of use of the Law to chop off a militant union head. 
This is evident too in the South, whei'e right-winu labor leaders are attacked 
for their foreign birth — even men like Murray, Rieve, Potovsky, Dubinsky, Pad- 
way, as well as II. Bridges. 

Five million Mexican-Americans are constantly attacked for anti-labor pur- 
poses, to breed fear and create conditions of semi-bondage — and even bloodhounds 
are used on the border. 

It is not enough to ask for revision of the racist quota system, and hap[)ily 
many eyes are being opened to the need for an all-out attack to win all-out 
repeal — the price has been upped to a complete overhaul. 

The S4th Congress is lagging in every area — labor, civil rights, repeal. But 
the months ahead are crucial. Can we repeal the Law in lOHG? Maybe not. 
But we must work day and night as though we can — and must! We must get 
Ea.stland demoted — out of the way. Rep. Celler in a letter stated that he believes 
the ice is breaking; that even Walter concedes the need for certain changes in 
the Law. 

We must reach every Congressman and say to them — "Say it Now" — stop the 
double-talk— sign the Discharge Petition on the ANFUSO Bill before the ad- 
journment for election. We must make the candidates shape up to this great 

California is crucial in the forthcoming elections, and in the political conven- 
tions. Recall the verse popular in 1798 because of passage of the Alien and 
Sedition I^aws : 

"Strong in your memories impress this fact. 
Elect not him who passed this Act !" 

It is time to stop licking our wounds and start licking our enemies ! 

Exhibit No. 102C 

Abner Green (Speech) 

I am indeed very happy for this opportunity to participate with you in the 
Sixth Annual Conference of the Los Angeles Committee for the Protection of 
Foreign Born. The hearings regarding the American Connnittee conducted by 
the Subversive Activities Control Board were concluded on March 2Sth in 
Washington. They occupied four days a week in Washington over an extended 
period of time, including some six weeks of time in which I was testifying for 
the American Committee. 

This Conference has extremely vital and important responsibilities to which 
it must give its urgent consideration. This past period was a very dangerous 
period in the life of the American people, but this period is now changing. One 
illustration is that last Monday the Supreme Court in the Nclsoti Case threw 
out the state sedition laws in 42 states. These sedition laws were a remnant 
of hysteria following the tirst world war, when most of the state .sedition laws 
were enacted * * * i am confident, knowing the possibilities that exist, that 
we need not wait that long to throw out the legislation bred of hysteria from the 
second world war period. 

The major goal and major responsibility is the repeal or basic i-evision of the 
Walter-McCarran Law, which must be replaced with a sane, humane, democratic 
immigration and denaturalization law. 

Hut u'c have the overwhelming responsibility of guaranteeing, until sueh time 
as this lair is ehanged or repealed, that the rights of the foreign born antl the 
rietims of this lair are adequately protected . 

We know that in 1948 the Justice Department was speaking of deporting some 
300 people for political opinions: in IO.jO the figure was upped to 1.000: in lltr.8 
Attorney General Brownell made a public address in which he stated that 12,000 
non-citizens were to be deported on political grounds. 

In 1956 the Commission of Immigration and Denaturalization Department in 
testifying before the House Appropriations Connnittee reported that on July 1, 
1955 the Justice Department's Immigration Service had a pending case list of 
14,700 subversive cases. 


In other words it is now increased from 12.000 to 15,000 — all people who face 
the threat of possible deportation because of political affiliation or ideas— and 
it may eventually come down to the point where even all people who have progres- 
sive inclinations or even think like human beings might be regarded as "sub- 
versive" and thus deportable. 

We must emphasize the important responsibility of vigorously fighting the 
deportation drive in a period such as today, when the Service seeks to hold on 
to the Walter-McCarran Law to strengthen it in its efforts. 

The determination of the people and people's organizations, generally speak- 
ing, has increased in its opposition to the deportation provisions of the Walter- 
McCarran Law. 

In the past many organizations opposed to the Walter-McCarran Law were con- 
cerned only with the quota provisions. In this period we begin to see a marked 
change in their attitude. More and more they begin to speak, as they should, 
against the deportation and against the denaturalization provisions of the Law. 
There is now opposition to practicall.v every single section of the Law. 

For example, Mr. William Maslow, General Counsel of the American Jewish 
Congress, has an article in the Columbia Law Review for March, 1956 dealing 
with the deportation laws, which contains proposals for reforms and concludes 
with 20 points that he feels are essential in the change of the deportation section 
of the law : he includes a proposal that any person who entered the United 
States legally should not be deported at all. which would tend to end perhaps 
90 percent of present deportation cases. 

Simultaneously with this changed public atmosphere the American Committee 
is sponsoring and has sponsored for the past year a campaign, a research project 
and a legal project around a simple proposition : the American Committee says 
that the Supreme Court of the Ignited States in its various decisions on deporta- 
tion law has made some very basic and serious errors in legal judgment. 

We feel that the deportation laws are unconstitutional. We support this posi- 
tion vs'ith many legal arguments and many political and sociological arguments. 
( See data on deportations. Journal for 1956 L. A. C. P. F. B.) 

We feel that the Supreme Court in a new period, a period with a changed 
Supreme Court, with Justice Earl Warren as Chief Justice, and other new 
members, this Supreme Court should take a new look at the deportation laws 
based on the Constitution and history of the United States. We have been 
preparing for six months special documents for that purpose. 

Only ten days ago on March 26th the Supreme Court took the first step in that 
direction in granting certiorari in the case of Charles Rowoldt of Minneapolis. 

In the petition for certiorari, point two raised the question as to whether 
the Supreme Court has not made a mistake in the Galvan case, and the Supreme 
Court has agreed to take this appeal and go into the question as to whether 
its interpretation of the deportation laws were correct in the Hnriniadcs (1952) 
and Galvan (1954) decisions. 

This work is vei-y important in the of the rights of noncitizens. In 
the hearing before the Supreme Court we are given a second opportunity to 
test whether the deportation of noncitizeiis for political oinnioiis is in keeping 
with the constitutional framework of our country. 

Another important aspect is in the treatment of those noncitizens who have 
been ordered deported but have no country to which the.v can be sent. 

There are now 47 noncitizens here in Southern California who are free under 
supervisory parole conditions. The.v are forced to report to the Inunigration 
and Naturalization Service once a month. Tliey are ordered to give informa- 
tion as to their activities, instructed that they must be disassociated from all 
lal)or and progressive movements, and tliey caiuiot go beyond tbe limits of Los 
Angeles County without permission. 

The American Connnittee is testing this aspect of the Law in the Federal 
District C<mrt in New York and there are more test cases in other areas to 
challenge these supervisor.v parole i)rovisions in the I.,aw. 

To refuse to observe dictates of the supervisory parole is a criminal 
(( punishable by 1 year jail .sentences and $1.0(K) fines for each violation. 

In Chicago last October George Vitkovich and James Keller were indicted 
for refusing to an.swer certain (juestions in their examination under Supervisory 
Parole; one of the questions was, "Where does your wife work?" and James 
Keller in refusing to answer this cpiestion stated that the last time he told 
them where his wife worked she was fired within three days, and therefore 
he was refusing to answer this question. For this refusal he was indicted * * * 

S53.S."^ O— 57— pt. 2 14 


We are supporting Keller and Vitkovich in their continued fight against these 
provisions in the supervisory parole. 

(Note. — Deportees who are questioned by immigration officials during regular 
reporting interviews have the right to avail themselves of their constitutional 
privileges, including the Fifth Amendment to the Bill of Rights, and if necessary 
the right to counsel.) 

This conference also has before it the problem of the defense of the rights 
of naturalized citizens * * * It must guarantee that Rose Chernin remains and 
can continue her splendid work here in Los Angeles. [Applause.] Others also 
in this category are: Peter Chaunt, Mr. and Mrs. Wacher, Mr. and Mrs. Dia- 
mond, James E. Toback. Eulogio de la Cruz. These denaturalization cases are 
equally important with that of Rose Chernin. 

I want to make one point as a native-born citizen engaged in the fight to defend 
the right of naturalized citizens : those native-born citizens who feel they are 
secure in this deportation and denaturalization drive are fooling themselves. 
This is an attack upon the right of people to be citizens of this country in ex- 
actly the same way that deportation charges during the past decade is an attack 
against the right of noncitizens to live in the United States. 

When it reaches the point where the administrative assistant to Franklin 
Delano Roosevelt loses his citizenship under the Walter-McCarran law because 
he stayed out of the country for more than five years, then there are few people 
who can feel secure in their citizenship. 

On March 20th the Department of Justice issued a statement in Chicago and 
Washington concerning the case of Tokyo Rose. Tokyo Rose w^as born in the 
United States, and now she is undergoing hearings and faces political deporta- 
tion. She was convicted of treason. After serving her jail sentence and being 
released she was no longer a citizen. The Walter-McCarran Act says that a non- 
citizen can be deported to any country that will accept her. 

This is an attack not just against the foreign born, but it is against citizenship. 
In fact, the Justice Department said on March 20th, that 345 American citizens. 
native-horn and naturalized, have been deported or excluded from the United 
States as draft dodgers since the end of world war two. The rights of all per- 
sons — native-born as well as naturalized — to their American citizenship is under 

A final point, the defense of the American Committee ♦ * *. After having sat 
through all the Washington, D. C, hearings, I know that on the basis of the 
record the Subversive Activities Control Board has absolutely no ground to find 
against the American Committee. 

But neither the Justice Department nor, I am afraid, the S. A. C. B. are in any 
way concerned with the truth about the American Committee— their .sole per- 
spective is to make it impossible to defend the foreign born. The reliance of the 
American Committee is not on the record it made before the SACB, but its reli- 
ance is upon you people here, and the people throughout the country to protest, 
to fight, to guarantee that the American Committee will continue to exist. * * * 

This is indeed an important year in the life of the American Committee * * *. 
This year we have taken a rather long step for ourselves — for the first time in the 
history of our organization we are going beyond the Rocky Mountains — the 24th 
Annual Conference of the American Committee will be held in Los Angeles next 

I am happy to be here today. No doubt the Ix)s Angeles Committee will con- 
tinue to grow and contribute as effectively as it has in the past to the defense of 
all foreign-born Americans regardless of nationality, especially defense of the 
rights of Mexican-Americans in the Southwest. 

Exhibit No. 102D 

Problems of ]\Ir.xicAN-AMERiCAiNs. and Mass Deportations of Mexican 


Esther Shandlek, attorney, member of the Legal Panel of the Los Angeles 
Committee for Protection of Foreign Born, chaired the session. She opened 
with a short resume of mimeographed nuiterial prepared for the Conference 
on this question, stated that its vast scope could hardly be adequately discussed 
in the two hours alloted. 

ZocHi (Virginia) Ruiz read an ANMA report on importation and deportation 
of Mexican agricultural workers, and the problems involved. 


Maubicio Tereazas, Resional Director of ANMA, read the report of the 
ANMA Welfare Comuiittee. He then reported on the Vasquez deportation case 
and how for the first time a Mexican victim of this attaclt was freed on bail, 
through the cooperation of the Los Angeles t'ommittee for Protection of Foreign 
Born. He stressed the fact that in opening up this tremendous area of struggle 
by striving to include people of Mexican descent and their organizations we must 
understand that the leaders of the struggle must be Mexican — that involved 
here is the question of the Mexican people expressing themselevs in their own 
language, issuing literature in their own language, and developing their own 
leadership. An example as to the possibilities of this work is the recently 
organized Santa Ana Defense Committee. The most important section of the 
people in this part of the country is the Mexican-American community, embrac- 
ing 450,000 in the Los Angeles area alone. Mexican history and tradition are 
full of struggle. The Mexican people are militant today, as witness the march 
of 4,000 Mexican miners for 900 miles to protest their conditions; also the Mine, 
Mill, and Smelter Workers Union in New Mexico, where they have been on strike 
for a whole year and where women manned the picket line when the men were 
ordered to stay away. At one time the entire population was jailed — the 
authorities having to rent hotels to supplement the jail. We must find the 
correct way to work, or the Mexican people will st^y away and we will talk 
to ourselves. 


Delegates from Los Angeles, San Diego, San Jose, Santa Ana, and other areas 
concerned most vitally with these problems took part in a lively discussion. It 
was pointed out that at the heart of the problem is the fact that agricultural 
workers who should be getting a minimum of One Dollar an hour are pitted 
against contract labor at lower rates imported from Mexico. A suggestion that 
the Mexican government stop migration of labor from Mexico was opposed as 
being incorrect. Others pointed out that organization of these workers is the 
real problem, that this is the viewpoint of labor leaders like Toledano, who said 
that they should be organized and their language and culture be preserved, and 
that organized labor in Mexico would then be able to take care of their end of 
the problem. A delegate stressed the complexity of the problem of organizing 
cultural workers, citing four categories: (1) "Wetbacks", here illegally; (2) 
Nationals here under contract; (3) Mexicans here legally for many years; and 
(4) Mexican-American citizens. An official of ANMA spoke of his trip through 
Missouri, Kansas, and Oklahoma to survey conditions among Mexican workers, 
and said that they can be organized only if a campaign is conducted on the level 
of their understanding. Another delegate related how he had been confirmed 
in his devotion to the underdog by struggles in the mining fields during depression 
days. He dealt with the deliberate importation of "illegals" as a basis for reduc- 
tion of wage standards and overall discrimination the Mexican people 
as a whole. Leaders are coming up among the Mexican people, but as yet there 
are not enough to go around in the vast and complex tasks ahead. In organizing 
Mexican workers, should we confine ourselves to existing unions or go out among 
the Mexican masses? Alfredo Montoya pointed out that certain issues must be 
kept clearly in mind in regard to these problems. We must correctly estimate 
who is the oppressor. Unions and other organizations certainly should protest 
to the Mexican government because it lends itself to this condition, but the cor- 
porations of the U. S. are the main source of oppression and exploitation. The 
divided categories of Mexican people must be overcome by unity — that no matter 
how people came into this country from Mexico they have a right to life, liberty 
and the pursuit of happiness, and as such should be organized into unions and 
protected from discrimination and deportation. Much work remains to be done, 
much further discussion must take place. Clandio La Nussa, Filipino, saw a 
parallel between the Mexican and the Filipino people in the United States. 
Spoke of the irony of Filipino workers being treated as "aliens" starting with 
the so-called "independence" of the Philippine Islands. Offered to work with 
a committee on Mexican-American problem. Art Takei, of the Independent 
Progressive Party, said we must not lose sight of our common enemy who is doing 
everything possible to divide all people into segments hostile to one another. 
He cited the present trend stemming from the Japanese peace treaty. The big 
farmers are using the government in Washington : they know the Mexican 
workers are beginning to organize and fight back, so they are proposing to con- 
tract for cheap labor from Japan. Proposed that the Conference go on record 
against this move. Stated that Japanese small farmers are forced by competi- 


tion with big farmers into competing by hiring Mexican and Filipino workers at 
substandard wages and conditions. He felt that they could be swung onto side 
of workers. Would be willing to serve on a subcommittee to help solve some 
of these problems, urged full support by progressives and voiced support of Negro 
Labor Council program as parallel to what we are trying to achieve with regard 
to the Mexican people. 

1. To set up a subcommittee to specialize in deportation attacks on Mexican 
people, compo.sed of ANMA and LACFPFB members, headed by a full-time 
Mexican organizer. (Several delegates volunteered to work with this commit- 
tee — Rose Watklns of Orange County IPl' pledged financial support and urged 
others to do likewise, and asked for Alexican speaker to report on this Conference 
to meeting in Mexican community in Bellflower.) 

2. To launch a national campaign around some outstanding Mexican under 
deportation proceedings. 

3. Reconunendation that a pamphlet on subject of the Panel discussion be 
published in Spanish and English. 

4. Recommended that the General Session go on record against importation of 
Japanese nationals for agrijgultural exploitation. 

5. That Art Takei serve with above subcommittee to gain cooperation of 
Japanese small farmers on these problems. 

All proposals, except No. 4 (wliich was referred to the subcommittee for further 
study and clarification) were adopted at the General Session. 

Exhibit No. 102E 

Rose Chcrnin, executive director of the L. A. Committee of Protection of 
Foreign Born, then read her "Report for 1955-1956" of which highlights follow 
(it is available in full on request) : 

"Greetings from tlie Staff, to the delegates and observers, officers, and spon- 
sors, and the deportees and denaturalees whose courageous fight to maintain their 
constitutional rights is also a fight for a democratic America for all. 

"Since the relaxation of the Cold War following Geneva, new struggles have 
been launched under more favorable conditions, in a rising si)irit that holds 
much promise. 

"We are gathered in Conference to heighten the campaign to Repeal the Walter- 
McCarran Law while strengthening the Defense of its Victims. Tliis presidential 
election year offers us great opportunitites to stimulate new activities and enlist 
new forces in the fight. 

"During the past fiscal year we have won some victories, in administrative 
hearings and in courts. For the period in question, not a single person defended 
by us has been deported. Many of our dozens of active cases are approacliing a 
similar critical stage in federal court and administrative actions. We must 
speed the tempo of Repeal activities if we are to prevent the lifetime exiling 
of a number of victims this year. 

"The recent 4 to 4 tie vote by the U. S. Supreme Court in the Ddiid Hiiun appeal 
for due process of law indicates uncertainty among the voting justices, and in that 
sense is a moral victory. However, in effect it is a defeat, since the tie vote 
upholds the bad decision of the lower court, and once again renders David Hyun 
deportable. Of course, other action — every possible action — will be taken to 
prevent his deportation to South Korea." 

[Editor's Noti:. — A petition to the Supreme Court for rehearing has been 
filed on David Hyun's behalf; on grounds that Mr. Justice Clark, who had 
disqualified himself (hence the tie vote), should withdraw his self-disqualification 
and vote so as to provide a clear-cut ^lecision that would require the writing of 
majority and minority opinions. The petition also a.sks that the final decision 
be made contingent upon the Rowoldt case, an appeal against political deporta- 
tion recently certified by the Court for review. (See Abver Grecu'.s remarks 

"Other cases reaching a critical stage are those of John Juhn, Diamond Kimm, 
Paul Kochi, and Edo Mita. 

"The Inunigration ami Naturalization Service has succeeded in adjusting the 
process of mass deportation of Mexican nationals so tliat its worst effects are 
concealed from public view. Mass detention is now carried out in the Chula 
Vista camp south of San Diego, and other places to the border. Aspects 


of this will be discussed in the panel on Mexican-American affairs. There is 
still a severe impact on the Mexican-American community. Two weeks ago Jose 
Castelum, who has lived here since he was ten years old, and has U. S. born wife 
and children, was arrested for deportation for jwlitical reasons. Pedro Benitez, 
resident here for decailes, must surrender on Monday for expulsion to Mexico, 
as we have exhauisted all possible le.ual recourse. The fljiht for the rights of 
Mexican-Americans is a crucial part of our program, requiring the special atten- 
tion of trade unions and community organizations. In this respect, we welcome 
the community action on a broad scale now carried on by Allianza and by the 
Community Service Organization. 

"Contrasting with the constant pressure by the Justice Department for 
political deportation of progressives, is the recent local court decision with regard 
to the notorious Artukovich, freeing him of the need for bail and denying the 
Jugoslav government's request for extradition of this man to stand trial for 
having signed death warrants for 200,000 Jews and other minority peoples dur- 
ing the Nazi occupation of Jugoslavia. 

"Also, a self-confessed assassin of a Soviet diplomat in Poland was admitted 
to the U. S. for permanent residence. 

"Such is the racist and reactionary natii,re of our immigration policy, codified 
in the AValter-JIcCarran Law. 

♦ ****♦• 

"F'oreign-born citizens find their rights as citizens under attack ; they are 
reduced t<^ second-class citizenship. Even native-born citizens are being de- 
prived of their rights, especially Mexican-Americans. The Xegro people have 
long been denied citizenship rights. Now the Alabama state legislature threatens 
expul.sion — deportation — of Negro residents. We receive daily accounts of 
continuing harrassment of foreign-born citizens by Immigration Service officials. 

"We intend carrying on a nationwide campaign against second-class citizen- 
ship, locally popularizing the defense of nine victims undergoing court action 
to denaturalize them. For this purpose we have printed the pamphlet 'Citizens 
Without Kight.s" by Harry Carlisle for mass circulation (in your kits) and we 
urge most strongly that all delegates and observers request their organizations 
and groups to order quantities of these for distribution to the membership. 
In the Journal for 19r>6 (also in your kits) is an article on *^his question by 
Peter Chaunt, and biographical stories about the Los Angeles denaturalees. 

"The Law is highly complicated. For that reason, we find that we must con- 
tinuously explain its provisions and workings. This we have done in literally 
dozens of popular and detailed analyses, in brochures and leaflets, special ar- 
ticles and petitions. These have been widely distributed. Such data may be 
u.sed without or with credit to us by organizations who so desire. We will also 
provide speakers on the Repeal Campaign. 

"Recently we focussed public attention on certain dangers in the President's 
proposals for changing the Law. Not only are these proposals (now before Con- 
gress) confined in the main to limited modification of the immigrant admissions 
program, but ask for additional 'discretionary" powers for the Attorney (ieneral 
with regard to admissions, deportations, and susi^ension of action in cases, which 
in effect would eliminate the present recourse to federal court for emergency 
action and review of evidence in deportation cases. 

"The appointment of the Dixiecrat Senator Eastland as chairman of the Sen- 
ate Judiciary Committee is a .severe blow to the campaign for Repeal, as this 
"notorious racist is a staunch supporter of the Walter-McCarran Law (as is, 
of course. Rep. Walter of the House Judiciary Committee). The fight for first- 
class citizenship for Negro people thus coincides with the fight against the 
Walter-McCarran Law. 

"The center of the present Repeal movement is the petition to discharge the 
House 'Anfuso' Bill, which in all important respects parallels the 'Lehman' Sen- 
ate Bill to Repeal the Walter-McCarran Law. Every congressman must be 
placed on public record as signatory to the 'Anfuso' discharge petition. 

"The Repeal movement has made big strides since the days of the President's 
Commission in 11);")2. Many outstanding national figures appeared before the 
Kilgore public hearings on the Law to state their vigorous oppo.sition on many 
grounds. Locally, the Democratic Party on a county, then on a state level, went 


on record for repeal ; and the spokesman for its nationalities commission na- 
tionally, Gov. Williams of Michigan, is publicly in favor of outright repeal. The 
AFL-CIO merger convention placed itself on record for Repeal. The NAACP and 
dozens of religious and civic groups resolutely oppose the Law. Presidential 
candidates are all on record against the Law to one degi*ee or another. Kefauver 
has the best actual record, since he voted against original passage of the Law, 
and is now committed to Repeal. Stevenson also favors Repeal. 

* * * m * » m 

"We will work with all forces devoted to Repeal or Revision of the Law, in 
mutually agreeable ways. Our resources are ready to serve any group action 
without strings. 

"We rely on the people. Therefore our basic px'ogram for the fiscal year ahead 
includes public campaigning for Repeal in the broadest iwssible way, in the 
mainstream of the presidential elections. We will issue a continuous stream 
of literature adapted to the changing circumstances. We hoiie that your or- 
ganizations will fully participate. 

"As Executive Director, I salute all those who collectively made our 1955-1956 
activities possible : the staff, Josephine Yanez, Harry Carlisle, Miriam Herenian, 
the Deportees Committee and its chairman Rose Si)ector, the Ways and Means 
Committee under Fania Bernstein's chairmanship, the Area committees, and the 
Finance Committee with Joe Klein and Max Hittelman in particular ; also the 
Conference Planning Committee under the chairmanship of David Hyun. May 
the Panel Sessions be fruitful." 

Standing Conference Committees were elected, and the Session was adjourned, 
to reassemble after lunch. 

General Session : 1 P. M. 

Bill Oliver of the Songmakers led audience participation singing of two songs 
specially prepared for the Conference. During the singing Rev. Fritchman 
accompanied Dr. Du Bois into the auditorium amid loud applause. 

Rev. Stephen H. Fritchman, remarked, as Chairman : 

Speaks not only as officer of the L. A. Committee for Protection of Foreign 
Born for several years, but as a native-born American who feels a deep debt to 
foreign-born Americans, past and present, and to this committee, for their con- 
tributions to the total American community. Praises Committee because its 
time and talent and money have changed the lives of hundreds of human beings 
* * * families are together, fathers are working, children know the meaning of 
parental love, because this Connnittee has known no limits to the performance of 
its tasks. 

It has also taught native-born Americans the lessons of equality of people re- 
gardless of place of birth, the need to fight for our civil rights * * * to fight 
against those who despise equality, who are captive to hate and fear of people 
who are different. There are childhood myths which die hard with selfish or 
ignorant men and women. 

As a native-born American, he is grateful not only to Altgeld. Carl Schurz. and 
Tom Paine, but to Rose Chernin. David Hyun, Edo Mita. and others who by their 
courage help to make this a country for lovers of freedom. Every living Ameri- 
can must learn the lessons this teaches ns. 

With regard to the glorification of an informer into a heroic American house- 
wife, as with the recent TV programs presenting Marion Miller, stool-pigeon, he 
expressed concern about the morals of the young children who viewed such pro- 
grams, making perfidy seem honorable. He hoped all have reacted by protesting 
such programs, to the station. 

Dr. W. E. B. Dn Boifi then made brief remarks : 

There are three things in American history of the greatest importance: the 
extermination of the American Indian, the enslavement of the Negro people, and 
the injustice done to the foreign-born. Every epoch has produced severe dis- 
criminatory features against different national groups which have sought haven 
on our shores, so this injustice is no recent development. 


The Indian has disappeared alonir with his culture which is among the finest. 
The American Nesro has become an enormous problem, and the foreign-born is 
a continuing problem. Some Americans want to forget such unpleasa'nt problems. 
Our job is to see that they do not forget them but continue to face them. 

Harrii Carlisle took over the chairmanship of the session when Rev. Fritchman 
expressed his I'egrets at being unable to stay. He presented Joficphine Yanez, 
active staff worker of the Committee, for a report on Deportations, highlights 
of which follow : 

Josephine Yanez report : 

There are 12") grounds for deportaticm in the Walter-McCarran Law, which, 
with the blessing of the U. S. Supreme Court, place the non-citizen at the 
mercy of the Justice Department. Defense of the rights of non-citizens is a very 
real matter. Since World War two ended, almost 2 million non-citizens have 
been deported from the U. S. The vast majority were sent to Mexico cattle- 
fashion, after being rounded up in mass raids and summarily ordered expelled 

Exhibit No. 102F 


Final Session, 4 P. M. to 6 P. M. ; Chairman, Robert W. Kenny, Esq. 

The Chairman paid tribute to the Committee, to Rose Chernin and Abner 
Green. Today's repression is greater in scope and effect than even the Palmer 
Raids. But for the Committees they represent, the American public would have 
remained unaware of the attack on the foreign born through deportation and 

Esther Shandler reported on the status of cases defended by Legal Panel : 20 
facing imminent deportation, nearly 50 on lifetime supervisory-parole. 8 de- 
naturalization cases to be fought through the courts. In the past period heavy 
expense has mounted for court action. * * * The David Hyun case was not lost 
in spite of 4 to 4 decision upholding lower court, and further action will be taken. 
Every effort will be made to keep all deportees here, and to retain the citizenship 
of those whose naturalization is under attack. 

Treasurer J. Klein reported that about $36,000 was raised in 19.55, as against 
the $50,000 budget planned. We began 1956 with a deficit that had to be made-up 
through loans. Now we are in the midst of an intense fund drive to raise a 
minimum of $50,000 for the 1956 Budget. Last year we spent little more than 
$4,000 for educational work, whereas we should have spent many more thou- 
sands on radio, TV, and literature. Goal for fund drive as of the Conference 
was $7,500.00, with another $10,000 to be delivered by May 20th at a brunch, 
and the balance of $12,500 to be raised by the time of the June 17th Festival of 
Nationalities (making $30,000 for the first six months; the rest to be raised by 
the Dinner and other Fall activities) . All were urged to participate. 

The Credentials Committee chairman, Fania Bernstein, reported 310 delegates 
and observers registered, from defense committees, trade unions, cultural clubs, 
community and civic organizations, nationality groups, fraternal and church 
bodies. Attendance at the four main panels was fairly evenly divided. 

The Nominations Committee chairman Harry Carlisle reported out the same 
slate for honorary chairman and cochairman (Rt. Rev. Walter Mitchell; and 
Judge Stanley Moffatt, Mrs. Dorothy N. Marshall, Hugh McBeth, Sr., Rev. 
Stephen H. Fritchman, Rev. Charles H. Davis) and added the name of Robert 
W. Kenny E.sq. They were elected by acclaim. Rose Chernin was acclaimed 
Executive Director, empowered to appoint staff workers. Treasurer J. Klein 
was reelected. 

Exhibit No. 103 

Committee to Defend Choon Cha and Chungsoon Kwak, 
J/,7 West 111th t<trcct. Suite S5, New York 25, N. Y., October 11, 7.9-7.7. 
Dear Friend : We have important news, and we must urge that you who have 
cooperatefl with us so fully in the past, act once again, and immediately. 

As you may remember, Chung Soon and Choon Cha Kwak in 1954 filed suit 
against Attorney General Brownell in order to restrain the Department of Jus- 


tice from deixirtinj; them to South Korea where they stand in grave danger of 
persecution and death. 

Recently, the Department of Justice informed our lawyers that if the Kwaks 
were willing to withdraw their suit the Immigration Department would give them 
a further hearing. This procedure includes a stipulation that should the Immi- 
gration Department's findings again be unfavorable, reasonable time will be 
allowed for the suit to be reopened. 

However, there are indications that this may be a move by the Immigration 
Service to strengthen its own position so that it can the more easily carry out its 
intention of deporting the Kwaks to South Korea. The situation is. accordingly, 
crucial. It is of the utmost importance that we do not relax our efforts. We 
must see to it that Attorney General Brownell knows that those who have fought 
for the Kwaks in the past, and many other Americans, are still vitally concerned 
to assure the safety of this courageous couple. In the past it was your support 
that helloed prevent the Kwaks' threatened deportation. Now we are asking you 
to write again to Attorney General Brownell about the Kwak case. The enclosed 
letter gives all the pertinent facts. You can either sign and mail it, <»r — and this 
would be much better, of course — write your own personal letter on the basis of 
the facts provided. 

Will you not also speak to your friends and ask them to write? And will you 
please let us know what you have done? Your continued support is vital. 

Louise Mally, Secretary. 

I have written to Attorney General Brownell [ ]. 

I have signed your form letter and sent it to Attorney General Brownell [ ]. 


Exhibit No. 104 


Arts, Sciences and Professions 



• • • 

Labor's cause is our cause. 
May Day is one of the proudest holidays America knows. 

Like ThanlcsgivinR. May Day was bom in America. The first May Day was 
held in Chitago in 18SG — and in the years since. May Day has become a part of 
the best .Americjin tradition. 

For those who practice in our fields in the arts, tlie sciences, and the profev 
sions. May Day has an added siKnificance this year. Never before has tlie tide of 
reaction in Amenca nm so strong; never before was the threat of fascism, of the 
e:itinciion of all ci^il liberties so p'eat. 

If fa.soism should triumph in .America, we would pay the fullest price. We in 
particular can live and v^ork only as free men. Therefore, we join with labor in the 
great Mpy Day demonstration for peace, security and freedom. We add our 
strength to tfie strength of the masses of people who cherish democracy. 


0«ir section of the parade assembles at 'Wth Street, between Eighth and Ninth 
Avenues at three o'clock on .May 1st. 


whether you be physician, dentist, lawyer, artist, writer, musician, teacher, clergy- 
man, actor, dancer, acxx>untanl — or just a plain citizen who wants to march by 
his fellow man, your place is with us. 


Eve Merriam 

1>. .Marc .Moreland 

Zero .Vioslel 

Saniiirl A Neiiburgrr 

Edna Ocko 

Arthur Poll<K-k 

Anton Rpfregier 

Philip Ri-isman 

Paul Robeson 

Ht-mian Rf>s<>nf«'Jd 

l^^m RotJiier 

Barnarcf Riihin 

Matthew SlK erToan 

\'j()la ifri.lhers .Shore 

Jerome .Sn% der 

Mt*ses So\er 

J.«.ph Srxneer 

Re^ U illiam B Sivifford. Jr. 

V\ illuim L Slandard 

Harrv .Sternfxrd 

Wllluin M Sweets 

Abrah:im Inner 

Loui.s rnternie\er 

Hilda Vaw^hi. 

Rev I> Harrv F Ward 

Theo<iore Ward 

Mkx Weber 

Irving Wexler 

Charles White 

Nathan Witt 



B.dph Abwang 

Maxwell C.rdon 

MauriiT Becker 

James C;ow 

\V alter Bernstein 

Shule> Grabaui 

Mare Bhtwtein 

Harrv Graniik 

KnmnurlH Blmk 

Wdliam Cropper 

RHliardO Boker 
JtMiephB Brod^v 

Chaim Cross 

R(.l)ert Cwathn.ey 

Harold I CJ.n)ni« 

L'ta Hagen 

HoUrt Carse 

Minna Harkavy 

\elli_s.- Child 

Nat Hikeft 

Edward ChiKlorov 

I.ibl>> llohnan 

Jeronie Chmiorov 

Langston Hughe* 

Rh. a f hodoruv 

Charles Hun,tK>ldl 

B.rt Clark 

Charles Irving 

PeBKv f lark 

.Abraham J Issernian 

Merv in Jules 

E.irm-sl Oiehlow 

C>i>rge Keane 

Rev J.,hnW Darr Jr. 

Donna Keith 

Or LeonDaMdoB 


Arnand dl s«.au King 

S..san d l«eau 



Millard Uinp, II 

H..w.,rd Fast 

S. I.<*v Landau 

S"l 1. Firstenlxre 

Daniel I.apidus 

l.ou.s Fle.s, !„-r 

Or Fxlward l.asker 

UanilM Fr.^ 

Ma-xim Eeiber 

.Milt.mH KtK.lman 

Rav Lev 

■ .iniiseFileli 



Rev David \ I.iiotish 


l>o.iive Mallev 


Rev Jack R MiMuhael 

Rev. U ilium H MelMh 


Exhibit No. 105 

Noted Writers Aid Don West'i 

Fight Against Georgia Bigot* 

By John Hudson Jones 

Now's the time to defend Don 
West, the poet who stuck his sharp 
pen Into the side of Southern bigots. 
Author of Clods of SontlMn Esrtli, 
he Is being sued by a OeorgiA muk, 
Charlie Lewallen, for using the 
same nsise In a poem on Kentucky 
miners entitled "Harlan Coal Dig- 
ger. 1934." In fact a whole cam« 
palgn of vilification U being 
whipped up against this people's 
poet The Ubel suit Is plainly 
trump«i up, and smells of the cur- 
rent assault being made on Amer- 
tcaa culture and artists. 

Here In the North and Bast, wtaere 
Howard Fast and others are being 
attacked by the Hearst press and its 
literary vivi-section program. Con- 
temporary Writers actively cam- 
paigned against this "pull-out- 
your - gun - when - you - hear - the - 
word-culture" movement. Now the 
organization of anti-fascist writers 
are rallying for West , with the 
"Committee to Defend Don West" 

Eve Merrlam. brilliant winner of 
the Tale Poetry Award Is the com- 
mittee's executive secret*ry. Tetter- 
day, she announced that the fol- 
lowing people had enlisted with the 
committee to defend Don West; 
William Rose Benet, poet, editor, 
and critic; Arthur Miller, author 
of An My Sons and Focas; Gene- 
vieve T^iggard. poet; Umfrtoo 
Hughes, Negro people's poet; Ed- 
win Berry Bur?um, critic and pro- 
fessor of English Literature, New 
Tork university; Jeremiah C. la- 
gersoll, editor of Sabtte; Aaiod 
Kramer, poet; Louise MaJly, Jeffer- 
son Scho(^ instructor; State Sena- 
tor Kenneth SberbeU; Swart 
Quinier, United Public Workers 
leader; Henrietta Buckznaster, nov- 
elist; Millard Lampetl, radio writer; 
Amaud D'Usseau and James Oow, 
co-authors of Deep of tiio Koota. 

A Baptist minister. West was for- 
merly superintendent of a school at 
Tula, Oa., and Is now on the faculty 
of Oglethorpe University. The M»- 
con (Oeorgia) News described the 
suit against him as "ooiteelved tm 
hatred by .a few disgrutled elc- 
■laats la Merth Georgia ... a eosi- 

tbmatimt of attaeka Huide vpon 
Mm wkBe ht Unghi real «SMoe- 
nej fai the Tttla sdMoi." 

And aoTtndy who's been down 
South know that the sU(^it«t dem- 
ecratie Mea or words brines out the 
Ku Klux Klan bosses. But West 
wont toe fkweed. They're trying to 
strangle him with a )e«al bull whip 

They cant stand It when he 
writes, "Our people, the real south- 
«Ti niass majority of whites, are the 
ones the Necroes were taught to 
caU 'poor white trash.' And we In 
turn were tosght the hateful word 
'niC»er.' Nice Uttle trick loot it? 
Hitler used It toa And It's stUl 
belag used today, by the whites 
from the Mg houaes, who engtiieer 

lynchlngs and asake It seem the re- 
sponsibility is fbe white workers." 
And these little lines sends the 
white folks In the big house l&te 

Amd <M«m«r«aH«Aa/«r«lfMM 
Omt •/ tU» /mttonr t«-» — 
I mmta to MM my pa^fU ii»4 
To l*«w t*«r miM^r i""* • • • 
Now you can see wtoy Don West 
must be defencied. He's fightlnc the 
Talmadge and Klan forces right on 
the spot to Georgia. Were a long 
way off but fascism can travel faA. 
Send your cimtributions (as Uttle 
or much as you wish) to Miss Sre 
I Mcrriam, Contemporary Writers, 
Hotel Afitert, 85 University Place, 
I New Tork, H. T. 



Exhibit No. 106 

I _ Dafly VcrkCT. Nrw York. TBc»d«T. Mjy 25. 194t page H 

^Culture Against War-makertt* 

Mafese!«-Main*.lr6am Deiuou«itration 

Against Mundl Bill, Manhattan Center, June 3 

y4 MASS DEMONSTRATION of writers and artists ajrainst the Mundt Bi!! ajid the war- 
makers, will take phce on Thursday, June 8, 8 p.m.. at Manhattan Center in New 
York. Among those participating are Paul Robeson, Howard Fast, Shirley Graham- 
David AJman, Philip Eve rgood. ■'. '■ !! . 

Arnaud dlJsseau, Theodore Ward i 
Joseph Gaer, Chu Tong. He: ben j 
Aptheker and John Stuart Thei 
meetmg. organized under the slo- 
gan •Culture Against the War- 
makers," Is being called by the 
magazine Masses & Maln.nream. 

Samuel Slllen, the m«gatine> 
editor, calls attention to the mean- 
ing of the present struggle In the 
June issue of Mav-es & Main*ire«m 
In his editorial he calls on all In- 
tellectuals of all political \ie\\s u, 
speak out against the spreading 
danger of fascism: "For silence to- 
day Is the real treason of the in- 
tellectual. Failure to fight now, at 
this terribly late hour, is renegarv 
to culture and democracy The 
battle against the Mundl Bill if 
the battle to save Anicrlca from 

PAIX ROBESON will addresf 
the meeting and sing. Waldeen.i 
the American dancer who founded ; 
the Mexican National School and' 
Ballet, will perform with her group ' 
Her dance compositions are bflsed 
en two poems by the great Chilpim' 
poet, Pablo Neruda, who at this 
moment Is being hunted by ihf' 
reactionary government of Chile J 
Lucy Brown, the concert piani,-;!.' 
will play several pieces by modern 
American composers who have 
Joined in support of the meeting. 
• * • 

Include: Louis Adamlr. Lewi.-! Allen. 
Nathan Ausubel, Milton Averv, 
Philip Bard, Tyiomas Bell. Ahsh' 
Bessie. Milton Blau, Marc Blitz.'^tein. 
Philip Bonosky, B. A. Botkln. Rich- 
ard O. Boyer, Millen Brand, I,loyd L. 
Brown, Henrietta Buckmaster, 
Carlos CuLsan, Norman Cazden. 

". . . hey, Joe, give this guy a script, I can see he 
ainH a cotnmunLst/' 

Nicolas Cikovskj-, Jack Conroy, Paul 
Draper, Vincent Ferrlni, Ben Field, 
Frederick V. Field, Sidney Pinkel-, 
.stein, Joseph Foster, Antonio Fras- 1 
coni. J. B. Furit, Lawrence Gellert, 
Barbara Giles, William Gropper, 
Chaim Gross, Robert GwaLhmey, 
Dashlell Hammett, Hananlah Har- 
ari, Mark Harris, Helen West Hel- 
ler, Joseph Hirsch, Charles Hum-; 
boWt. V. J. Jerome, Albert E. Kahn,' 
Eugene Karlln. Charles Keller,, 
Rockwell Kent, Aaron Kramer, Al- 
fred Kreymborg, Herb Kruckman.' 
John Howard Lawson, Louis Ler- 

man, Maxim Ueber, Saul Lishin^ky, 
E3eanor Mabry, E. Louise Mally, Eve 
Merriiirn, Shaemuii OShetl, M\ra 
Page, Anton Refregier. Edwin Rolfe, 
Alexander Saxton, l.sidor Schneider. 
Howard Selsani, Joseph SolmEn, 
Moses Soyer, Paul Strand, Ann* 
Louise Strong, Ira Wallech. PYedl 

Tickets are available at book.shops 
or through the ofTices of Ma.'-'-es 
& Mainstream, 8C2 Ercadvi.Ty. New 
York 3, N Y General Admission 
$.60: Reserved Section »1 20. " 


Exhibit No. 107 
Discussion Outline for the Fight Against the Mundt-Nixon Bill 

Issued by : National Educational Dept., Communist Party 


Comrade Eugene Dennis, general secretary of the Party, rightly characterized 
the sudden passage of the Mundt-Nixon Bill in the Senate Judiciary Conmiittee 
by a 12 to 1 vote as an attempt to engineer a "Pearl Harbor on the Rill of Rights", 
a snealv attack before the people can organize a defense. This method is typical 
of the fascist-minded reactionaries like Mundt, Nixon, and Ferguson. They know 
that if time is allowed for the people to be clear about the real nature of the Bill, 
and organize their forces, it cannot and will not pass. Because of these blitz 
tactics, the most urgent attention must be paid to the issue. It must be the No. 1 
issue for all Communists, all progressives, all labor organizations. Only quick, 
decisive, militant, unsparing efforts can defeat this police state measure which 
represents a grave peril to labor and the people. 


The Mundt-Nixon Bill is a fascist measure. It is a hundred times worse than 
the Taft-Hartley Bill. It is a thought-control bill. Senator Langer said. "This 
bill, if enacted, would constitute the greatest threat to our American civil liberties 
since the Alien Sedition Law of 1796." This is stating it mildly. The Bill would 
outlaw the Communist Party and other organizations. If the Mundt Bill becomes 
law, the Bill of Rights would be dead and buried. 


Wm. Z. Foster, as Chairman of the Party has stated during the last fight against 
this bill that if it were passed, the Communist Party would never comply with 
this Bill because it is illegal and unconstitutional. This remains the Party's 
position. Foster gave three reasons why the Party would not comply. These 
were : 

1. Would not perjure itself by admitting any resemblance to the Hitler- 
like caricature of its nature and purposes set forth in the bill. 

2. Would not become an accomplice in proposed murder of Bill of Rights. 

3. Would not expose its members to persecution and blacklisting in em- 


S. 2311 is entitled "The Subversive Activities Control Act of 1950. Section 2 
makes a "legislative tinding" that there is a "Woi'ld-wide rev(tlutionary political 
movement" whose nature and purposes are described according to Hitler's 
Mein Kampf caricature. 

Note that this section of the bill is so fantastic that it states as "fact" charges 
the prosecution did not even dare to make in the Foley Square framenp. 

On the basis of this Big Lie, the bill would make certain requirements of (a) 
" organization," and (b) "Communist-front organizations." 

Everybody knows there is only otic "Conimunist-political organization" in the 
United States — and that is 77k? Communist Party. 

Section 7 Wiould require the Communist Party, within 30 days after enactment, 
to register with the Attorney General — giving past and present names and 
addresses of all its meml)ers, the sources of its furtds and record of expenditures. 

Section 8 would subject individual Communist Party members to fines and 
imprisonment if they did not individuaJhj rcf/istcr in the event that their names 
were omitted from this list. Section 5 and 6 would prohibit Communists from 
holding government jobs, running for public office, .securing or using a pass- 
I)ort, etc. 

Section 11 would require the Communist Party to stamp all iiS mail and publi- 
cations with what amounts to a "poison" label. 

"Communist-front organizations" would be subject to similar, though slightly 
modified restrictions. Any organization, trade imion, i)eace group, fraternal 
society, etc., whose program or polic.v coincides in any way with those of the 
Communist Part.v would be required to register — alth(»ugh not to give the names 


and addresses of its individual members. If its officers refused to comply, 
menhhcrship in such oryanizdtion irould become illegal, and individuals who 
failed to resign promptly would also be subject to fine and imprisonment. 

Section 13 places power in a 3-man, president-appointed Board the power to 
determine which organizations shall be known as "Communist-political organi- 
zations," and wJiich as "Communist-front organizations." 

Standards for making this determination include: "the extent to which its 
l)olicies effectuate the policies of a foreign government" — (read peace) "the 
extent to which its policies do not deviate from those of such foreign govern- 
ment or of the Communist-political organization" — (read peace, equal rights, 
other asi>ects of CP immediate program) "the extent to which it fails to disclose 
its membership and its meetings are secret", etc., etc. 



1. The fake description of the nature of the Communist movement and the 
other provisions of this bill would give power to a politically appointed board, 
according to Senator Langer, to "outlaw associations of citizens whose views 
are considered by it to lie dangerous. Under these vague powers, trade unions 
and other organizations which may seek to alter the status quo or oppose this 
or that government ixdicy by lawful means — ^would be branded as traitorous 
agents of foreign governments or movements." .... 

2. Senator Kilgore in a letter to Chairman Pat McCarran of the Senate Judi- 
ciary Comnnttee said that the Mundt Bill was fundamentally a sedition bill and 
that "such bills w(»uld enslave labor and sliould be called Slave Bills." 

3. Here it must be itoirited out tlmt labor unions partieularl\j piof/ressive-led 
unions are more vulnerable to attack todaii than in W^S. This is so because 
of expulsions from the C. I. O. and similar red-baiting attacks in the A. F. of L. 
By referring to Murray's statements, progressive unions that have been ex- 
pelled "for following the CP line" could be called Comnmnist front organi- 
zations and be ordered to register. 



1. From the outset Mundt has tried to create the impression that the bill is 
not intended to outlaw the Communists. It would only make the Communists 
"operate in the open." This is a huge fake as was proven in the Daily Worker 
eflitorial on March 7, 1950. Said the Editorial : 

"Lets follow the Senator's logic as he tries to put over this measure. This 
bill provides for 10 years in jail and a $10,000 fine for i^ersons who seek to 
establish a totalitarian dictatorship under the domination of any foreign 
government, foreign organization or individual. Mundt's bill then specifically 
states that the Communist movement seeks to carry out the above aims. 

"Then the bill provides for the registration of the C. P. and every C. P. 
member and every organization which the House un-Americans choose to call 
a 'Communist front.' 

"Come out into the open and admit you are a criminal who should spend 10 
years in jail — that is what the bill says in so many words." 

2. Mundt says that he only wants to make Communists register as do Re- 
publicans and Democrats. This is fakery too. Democrats and Republicans 
are not obliged to register. Registration of Democrats or Republicans is volun- 
tary. No citizen is obliged to register his political affiliation under present 
laws. But if tliis goes through it will not be long before everyone will be 
obliged to register first his political aflSliation, next his religious faith. 

On the question of working openly, it must be said that the Communists do 
work openly. Whenever they keep their membership private, it is because 
every organization has a right to keep their membership private. Labor unions 
do not make their lists public and regard efforts to do so as threatening a 
black list. In fact the C. I. < ). pointed out in 1940 : 

"The provision in the bill that resistance to efforts to obtain membership 
lists is a hallmark of a 'Connnunist political organization' is particularly objec- 
tionable to labor organizations which have learned through long experience 
that the submission of such lists is the first step to a black list through which 
an organization may be completely destroyed. 


3. Under present conditions it is diflScult to make one's political aflBliation 
known. If Mundt is really interested in having Communists function fully 
publicly then he should accept the challenge of the DW Editorial, March 9th, 
1950, which called on him "to introduce a bill immediately declaring it to be a 
crime for any employer — public or private — to discriminate against any employee 
because of Communist aflBliation and setting up machinery to make the prohibition 



The Mundt Bill is another long and decisive step in the process of fascization 
of the country. Wall Street imperialism is driving toward fascism as part of its 
drive to war. The war drive has been stepped up and in consequence the attacks 
on civil liberties have become ever sharper. 

« • * 

1. Wall Street imperialism wants the Mundt Bill to stop the growing 
peace movement which has been spurred forward by the announcement to 
produce the H-Bomb and is finding strong expression in demand for nego- 
tiations with the Soviet Union and for the ending of the cold war. 

2. The Mundt Bill is also the answer of reaction to the miners' victory and 
to the growing strike movement which is taking place despite and often 
against the policies and wishes of the labor bureaucrats. 

3. The Mundt Bill is the attempt of reaction to crush the movement of the 
Negro people for civil rights. 

4. The Mundt Bill is a sign of the fears of Wall Street of the growing 
economic crisis in the country. 

5. Responsible are hot only the Republicans like Mundt, Nixon, and Fergu- 
son, but also the Democrats. The vote in the Judiciary Committee included 
Truman Democrats like Frank Graham, Kilgore, and others. They received 
the green light to support the bill from the Truman Administration in the 
speeches of Attorney General McGrath who called upon the Supreme Court 
to reverse the Schneiderman decision and from Truman's press conference 
of March in which he took full credit for launching the anti-Communist drive. 


To defeat the Mundt Bill, it is essential to take up another national issue of 
civil rights — the fight of the Negro people for civil liberties. The fight against the 
Mundt Bill is intimately tied in with the fight for an FEPC now. They are in 
reality two sides of the same fight against the repression of the people and for 
the maintenance an extension of civil rights. The FEPC issue is being sabotaged 
by the same forces that are pushing through the Mundt Bill. The fight for FEPC 
must be renewed. Now is the time for pressing for the widest mobilization around 
the issue for FEPC now — no Mundt Bill. 


The fight against the bill is already underway. The National Committee to 
defeat the Mundt-Nixon bill is in action again. OflBces have been opened at 930 
"F" St., N. W., Room 514, Washington, D. C. The immediate attack on the bill 
from all quarters shows that it is possible to achieve the widest front against 
the bill. This is also imperative since it must be expected that the Hearst- 
sponsored American Legion conference will go into action in behalf of the bill. A 
wide, unprecedented lineup can be achieved if (a) the issues are made clear 
and if the demagogic arguments are effectively answered especially that it is 
only aimed at the Communists ; that it is merely to get them "to work in the 
open" ; that it has been modified to meet objections regarding constitutionality, 
etc. It should not be taken for granted that the bill is known. It should be 
quoted and sections should be explained carefully, precisely, in line with argu- 
ments given in D. W. 

2. Effort must be made to link this bill with the fight for peace. That is cen- 
tral. The Mundt Bill is aimed to silence the peace forces. This must be ex- 
plained clearly to the people. Reaction wants war. The Bill would bring war 
nearer. It should also be linked with relief, rent control, wage increases, etc. 
In each organization it should be shown how the Mundt Bill would stifle the 
fight for the needs and demands of these organizations. 


3. Effort should be made to reach all organizations, particularly from below, 
reaching the branches of local organizations and individuals icithont regard to 
political opinion or differences on other questions. It is important to involve all 
kinds of people and make them active and leaders in this fight. 

4. Effort must be made to reach social-democratic workers, members, and 
branches of the Liberal Party, ADA, and similar organizations under reformist 

5. Everyone should be lined up — city and town councils, city councilmen, alder- 
men, state legislators, etc. 

In order to line up these forces consideration should be given to Open Letters 
to public oflScials such as Mayors, City Council, etc., asking them to take a stand. 
It is also advisable to address open letters to such organizations as ADA and 
other so-called liberal bodies where they fail to act. 


But to win, the unions and particularly the progressive unions must step 
forward into leadership in this fight on a scale like and even far greater than the 
Taft-Hartley fight. 

1. Local unions must be lined up. Shops must be rallied, noonday meetings 
should be held addressed by union representatives, shop stewards, etc. Shop 
gate meetings should be held. 

2. Resolutions, telegrams, petitions, and other forms of protest should be 
adopted for FEPC now and no Mundt bill. 

3. Delegations should be sent by shops to senators and other representatives, 
etc. These should be the first steps leading quickly to conferences in which 
unions play a decisive role, to big rallies, demonstrations, parades, and for other 
protest actions. 

It should be clear that in this fight only the widest participation of the people 
can win. 

4. In neighborhoods, various means must be considered to interest and arouse 
the people. In addition to those already indicated, such measures should be con- 
sidered, radio broadcasts, meetings around chain stores with loud speakers, 
baby carriage parades, Saturday leaflet distribution, meetings, parades, etc., in 
big shopping streets, transportation points, etc., house-to-house canvassing, letters 
to editors and chain letters and similar broad grassroots methods. 


1. Discuss the issue — clarify all members — get the widest mobilization and 
make it central for the next period. See that it is taken up and line of action 
worked out for each club and individual. Every member must be involved. The 
greatest initiative should be given to club functionaries. Every encouragement 
and praise should be given to clubs and individuals for results achieved in rally- 
ing people. Functionaries should remember this is a People's fight and the rank 
and file nmst he aroused and organized, including CP memhers. 

2. Combat two dangers — underestimation of the dangerous character of the 
bill or of the danger of passage of the bill — and the other danger — fatalism that 
it can't be defeated. 

3. On the basis of this fight, raise the financial quotas and push forward the 
drive for the Press. 


1. Follow Daily Worker and Worker for news, editorials, etc. 

2. See Public Affairs Committee bulletin for practical directives of the Party 
in the fight. 

3. The National Committee to Defeat the Mundt Bill— 930 F St., N. W., Km. 
514, Washington, D. C, for material for mass distribution, speakers, etc. 

4. On the connection of Mundt Bill, FEPC and the fight for peace and democ- 
racy see pamphlet bv Joe Clark on H-Bomb ; also pamphlet by Bob Hall on 



Exhibit No. 108 

J^tigt 4 IWIr Worker, New York. MomAaj, Oftobw IS, 194» 

|34 Notables 
Sign Appeal 
iFor JAFRC 11 

Thirty-four prominent American] 
I writers and artists joined In an ap- 
peal to President Truman, Chief I 
Justice Fred M. Vinson and Attor- 
ney Ck-neral Tom Clark In behalf 
of 11 executive board members of 
the Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee 
Committee. The U board memt>ers 
have been convicted of contempt 
[of the House. Un-American Com- 
mittee for refusal to yield boolts 
and records of the organization to| 
I the congressional group. 

Charging that they were forced I 
Ito "conclude that the defendants 
jare being lmprls<Mied because their 
Ipolitical views Include opposition to 
IFranco Spain," the writers and 
[artists urged the high governmentj 
[officials to "use their high officel 
[to reverse this willful negation of j 
1 constitutional freedom.' 

The appeal was made public on 
[the eve of an expected ruling by 
the Supreme Court which will deter- 
mine whether the defendants serve 
prison terms of three to six months | 
I or have their case reheard. 

"By condemning the executive] 
[board cf this committee to Jail," tlie 
open letter declared, "all three | 
branches of cur Federal govern- 
ment have in eflect laid thcmselvesl 
open to the charge of imposing po- 
litical imprisonment In the United | 
I States." 

Signers Included: poets, John La- 
iTouche. Marianne Moore. Jean| 
Starr Untermeyer and Louis Un- 
termeyer; novelists, Thomas BeJl, 
JKay Boyle, Millen Brand. Robertl 
Carse, Shirley Graham nnd Jayj 
William?; pr.mtrr?, Guy Pene du-f 
Bols, B. A. Botkin and Bnardman| 

Others included Arthur Garfieldl 
I Hays; Robert Morss Lovett; Prof.j 
Dorothy Brewster; Agnes Smed-j 
ley; Frederick Law Olmsted; Her- 
man Cherry; Herzl Emanuel; Flor-I 
ence Kent; Richard Crane; Jame.":| 
L. Tuck; Louise Mally; John Hall 
Wheelock; Ricard Brooks; Maurice J 
Sterne; Anthony Toney; Edna| 
Amadon; Eve Merriam; A. S. Mezc 
rifk; George Mayberry; Solita So-| 
lane Wilkinson, and Maxine Wood. 

Exhibit No. 109 


Bookfair Invitption 

Dear Editor: '-O'**^^-^-^ 

In the midst of oook buining 
and censorship of books: in the 
wake of the violence of Peekskill 
and the condemnation of an idea 
Implicit in the trial at Foley 
Square, It Is well that there are 
those who remember the dignity 
of the printed word, the nobility, 
of thought, and the, delimits of 
literature. ivf %./<*■> / 7 

In order to TOn6r books and 
the writers of books, the Writing 
and Publishing Division of the 
National CauncU of the Ai-t*. 
Sciences and Tfbfesslons. Inc. is 
Tjrrat!!tr"tO?ett^1^""ft tarf e group 
of writers, along with the books 
they have written, at a Christmas 
Bookfair, Sunday, December 4th 
at the ACA Galieries. 63 East 57th 
St. from two in the afternoon 
untU 10 p.m. 

May we of the Bookfair Com- 
mittee take this opportunity most 
cordially to invite the readers of| 
The Compass to be our guests on 
this occasion (there Is no admis-, 
sion charge*; to drink a glass of 
sheny with us, to meet, and wish 
aU success to many of our favorite 
and mo st distinguished WTlters. to| 
leaf throush the pages of their 
books, and perhaps buy and have 
autographed some of the volumes 
that we vill have assembled. 

Among the writers who will also 
be our guests will be CUfford (Mets, 
Stefan Heym. HowardFast, Slilr« 
lev 155r alum. Pierre Viui Paassen, 
^fu^ei Rukeyser. O. John Rogge, 
i;x)Uis UnLdoneier. B. A. Botkin. 
4m-^WQLfert^JfiliP Howard Law- 
^{L and many other outstandiitg 
novelists, poets and prose writers. 

We sincerely hope that the 
readers of The Compass will join 
with us in honoring those who, 
In ft difficult time and a difficult 
profession, have never forgotten 
the responsibility of the writer .to 
his audience and to the progressive 
futme of mankind, 

the Bookfair Commltt 

85333 O — 57— pt. 2 15 


Exhibit No. 110 

[From Dally Worker, June 8, 1949, p. 4] 

Jailings Spur Rights Parley 

The Civil Rights Congress of New York announced that imprisonment of three 
Communist leaders has resulted in scores of prominent individuals adding their 
names and support over the past weekend to the call for a Conference on Civil 
and Human Rights, Saturday, June 25, in City Center Casino. 

The original call to the conference was issued by the CRC and Paul Robeson, 
O. John Rogge, Clifford Odets, Prof. Henry Pratt Fairchild, and Dashill [sic] 

Among the additional sponsors of the conference announced by CRC are : 

Dr. Herbert Aptheker, historian and editor of Masses and Mainstream ; Milton 
Avery, musician ; Elmer Bendiner, journalist ; Isidore Blumberg, exec. sec. of 
New York Tenants Councils ; Joseph Brainin, of the American Committee of 
Jewish Writers ; Josephine Brooks, writer ; Richard Brooks, writer ; Harold 
Cammer, attorney ; Robert Carse, writer ; Jerome Chodorov, playwright ; 

Robert Cronbach, artist ; Julius Fast, writer ; Stanley Faulkner, attorney ; Ben 
Field, novelist ; Vincent Glinsky, artist ; Max Goberman, conductor ; Chaim Gross, 
sculptor ; Hananish Harari, artist ; and E. Y. Harburg, song lyricist : 

Zoltan Hecht, musician ; Prof. William G. Hook ; Louise Jeffers, Negro trade 
unionist ; Robert Joyce, journalist ; Philip O. Keeney, librarian ; Ruth Lechlitner ; 
Elizabeth McCausland, writer; Cameron McKenzie; Vito Magli, Garibaldi So- 
ciety — IWO ; E. Louise Malley, writer; Dr. Philip Morrison, scientist; Oscar 
Pettiford, musician ; Wallingf ord Riegger, artist ; Lee Sabinson, Broadway pro- 
ducer ; Prof. Margaret Schlauch, Dr. T. C. Schneirla, educator ; Henry Sheppard, 
Negro trade unionist ; Samuel Sillen, editor of Masses and Mainstream ; Jassica 
Smith, editor of Soviet Russia today ; Dr. Randolph Smith, educator ; and Wil- 
liam L. Standard, attorney ; 

Sid Weiss, musician ; Isobel Carleton Wilde, writer ; Jay Williams, writer ; 
Maxine Wood, playwright ; Edwin Seaver, literary editor ; Jay Gorney ; and Dr. 
John A. Kingsbury. 

Exhibit No, 111 

[Daily Worker, New York, Wednesday, October 22, 1952] 

Says UN Visits Show Cease-Fire Possible Now 

"Our discussions with United Nations delegations lead us to believe more than 
ever that a cease-fire in Korea is possible now," said Thomas Richardson, na- 
tional co-director of the American Peace Crusade, yesterday. 

Moreover, the delegation of Americans visiting UN delegations challenged the 
State Department to join with Peace Crusade canvassers and leam the real 
"peace sentiment of the American men and women on the Korean war." 

The delegation visited representatives of the Indian, U. S. and Soviet delega- 
tions to the UN. Richardson said that representatives of the three countries 
were presented with a statement appealing for "leading forces within the UN to 
undertake special and extraordinary measures, utilizing all possible channels, 
diplomatic and otherwise, within the UN, to bring an end to the killing and 
slaughter in Korea through an immediate cease-fire." 


The group pointed out to Frederick Rope, representing the U. S. delegation, 
that a nation-wide peace referendum, which the American Peace Crusade is 
conducting, showed 90 percent favor an immediate cease-fire with remaining 
issues to be negotiated later. They said a Gallup Poll and other polls also had 
shown that the majority of the American people were opposed to continuing the 
Korean war. 

Rope defended the State Department's position of continuing the war until 
there could be a "settlement with honor." He ignored the evidence of the 
Gallup poll, he challenged the scientific validity of the APC referendum. Rich- 
ardson then challenged the State Department to join with APG pollers in going 
into any neighborhood to find out the sentiment. 


Valerian Zorin, Soviet delegate to the UN, reaffirmed the position taken Satur- 
day by Andrei Vishinsky in support of the Polish resolution on Korea, Zorin 
brought out that the press, in reporting Vishinsky's speech, neglected to quote 
from the portion of his address referring to new peace proposals presented by 
North Korean and Chinese representatives at Panmunjom on the very day the 
U. S. broke off negotiations. These proposals included participation of the Red 
Cross in repatriation of prisoners. 

He said that any question of cease-fire should be discussed by the nations 
directly involved in the Korean war, pointing out that the Soviet Union was not 
a belligerent. He cited a request made to the President of the UN Assembly 
today by the government of North Korea for an opportunity to discuss the war 
before the UN. 


A spokesman for the Indian delegation, said India was "watching and wait- 
ing," and pledged that if the parties involved in the Korean war so requested, 
India would stand ready to offer its good offices to help bring about peace. 

Those in the APC delegation included : 

Nora Stanton Barney, women's leader and granddaughter of Elizabeth Cady 
Stanton, fighter for women's rights; Richardson ; Rabbi Abraham J. Bick, United 
Committee of Jewish Societies and Landsmanshaf t Federations ; Dr. Clementina 
J. Paolone, chairman of the American Women for Peace ; James Gary, business 
manager of Local 1227 of the United Electrical Workers ; Halois Moorehead 
Robinson, executive secretary AWP ; Louise Malley, writer ; George Kleininan, 
representing Ben Gold, president of the Fur and Leather Workers Union ; Agnes 
Vukcevich, AWP ; and Elsa Wilcox, executive secretary of the Connecticut Peace 



Exhibit No. 112 
The Lamp, No. 82, March-April, 1954, p. 2 

THi owMsmMimi4" ptivi 


'irorpt Va«tU>ff ot' 
■ .iiuhk!, Iit'lrtnii, l^er 

, U eWr, of 

■ itcaH by tine < S. *»«?!* m* (jiort i» iljc caur nf Krrrf i^inB' 

h<w»' lifporlaUfJii ?■■ sli-" Pbsiiiijjisjr !xiand( i* chjilfim*"! on 

• f ntcreJ tht' I "^ ss a "n.<t-on'!i." iwiriR aHf giiirn f to thr 

rjimrX br »i<r jirtrto! ps .!• aiicn for Jiaviiif; rsimniitteii two 

bdrdrf the Sjprcme Tjoart. A j>i*SiU(ks for <yrti«r«ri wa* !:h.l jis U>< 
t.'Hirt on Apni 1 in the <:a«t of *fiftcf»m<> (^sltroni-, of B'»'..e' is !,a- 
Pctroei I^io*, r,rpek ^raman, »>*• ,-»<». 'Sfti « sLn h'- U><f Ifd- 1* !Hsl:ir« 

>.s ol Mafthrw Bnuvicli was j'>-t v« jr,-«i In au sprMsai (u th ffiWa"' 
"otir! affrr B»o¥trh I, a'} fo.vus ■ s-t >«(<• cwiiuly ffst (ifjj "-< i-u 

1 jafii fn'ar>! app^n'* m \Uf h *' 

of n. 

in ( <>• Vngfl**. 

iM"ii hi- iritijES vrre he) ! so ' 
ir i«, (if 5'rjtyir Wel!m«n. in IVtroit Aiaon^; thow arreated werr Mom* 
\i!Sf!, orjsantscr for the Forripw Union, iii Ns>w York. Jose Non«>g«. of Vi!-. 
tii.njrSi^n. dSifnrnia, a momixMr of 11 UX, l^H-al 26, Mrs Borlha Mjclieboo, » 
iiirrjrr garment worker, in Lo* Aa^eiw; Mr*. Soni* Greantpowa, ?1, wriwasly 
!*!, !!3 f-os \Df:e!*«. 

n s. sypRiME cotiiT 9mt%m to ruli 


The Sapn'mf Omrt relutad ta rwW ntt whie^dbejr « r«»si«l«M. uoe-cittsMJ} 

wha goee !■:■ ■' '■'* AmwrfcMj po«®«iB»io8 may h« Ea,ri««l, from r««urniBf 

to the esH-' C<mrt adion was ini^atea by Locai 37 II-WU, who«« 

laotT tha.ii '■:!'» tr«»e5 eaelj year duaiig she mtsmtet lo the eanasery 

■ >ti ,\'»«k:'t. and who may ha escttnW U{Hm their retara antWr "Waker- 

! aw pro* ijiiaiM. Tho majority (ieekiOB rJaimed that an mjury had 

tb7<eat>BB«i and had not otxurttd. Jusii«e Bluck in hu dinweni dated. 

"Vil dtr !'>5-! alifti ••amoTy works*™ acltiaily bars i)«'i»n siibtcrtfd to the weari- 

tmae routine of immifiratioii p«t>fficKture m tltoti^ %lif\ had never lir«l here.' 

Tuf provision «f «!ir U alter-McCsiTSB I^iw whicb wa» appealmi u the mme 

•ifft, iiinger, h^ been ia-dened exeludnd from the U. S 

a viwit te ilHwaii in 19S3. 

N««r ir«i4 CcMWiiK** 

oi i-c>T*.|pi Horn. <>tfc»:i 
H,i^ti Mutuc, riuirn 

Wf>»hing»«jn OelegoHofi 

*i 1 A').' f*sjois. Who »Ufc«J fUrly rb«i t^wf 
)«si( * Dvpt*ttaeat had no taimtion of (r- 
l£A4in# UK Taemue||45 buKhtfz itotn ticttn;;oo 
Tb# N«* Y-wic G)a*minec u oo« pfef*aTing 

ftit mrrrix of the Ru»»,in ' '• '■ . i:r 

WiX >' ' ■ ■ ■• ■ 

•rVr Ri-af Y"+ ' 

SOARO Of iMMiaiAm>N M»P§AiS 


■ tht. Mari-'fi SI, the W«l«er-II<C»:«TtB Law d#|»i»rtatiwn ewie» <r' " ■*■■'■• 

Tterme^m, a{ New York, and Stw* Tw-rwega*, of diicftga, werf- ' ' 
tlie Board of Im-wijjfratioo Aopoalg. BoSli feave Ixten l««hl witii. 
fojwer ma Effi* folarad sisee rebrrasry Sft, ll>54. aad! tiie iaitpr in !)-i.- twiii 
County Jail, Qiieagn, dace D«w«8feer I©, 1^3. Wfck and Stew Ti»erHM»|r!t», 
Batlww of Greece and I<mf;*tiin«! stwisfeBU of &c VS., (»tm phpAta\ jmrmat' 
tioft, and |M*M«lbte death, VI deported lo CJre««i, whejr memhein of ibeSr famiH 
have alresdr been vietiina of vhm {ire^ gmnft^lMiiat. In addMon to li>e TworiBe- 
gas brothers, in th« reoeot perjod, a sanibsr oC dlh«r Gi*dt ■Americans iiate 
befto arreiRnd in deportaitioii precetidiafis @*Miig a total of more thnn 30 
who f»cK MfMiration from ttgrntie* aed frfeiu^ and! p«ir«ieciltian tn Greece, 
if deported. 

0irf«n»« Cases 

Ttw .\TCPFB hej appoilrti TO *r I 
tiici Ctran m Wishiiutsoa (fx- — 
'Oia 4ad Chaagsoou Kw«fc ir, 
v«i tfc*tf stepwOffioB to S<v.;/ 
th« facf iril^-il p<TT<rutti>n ! 
York Oi(?n0*itfff« b dcfcndtnjg *^ i 
f^^fl^ 4$(^rt«ti4>n 3tvj 10 rwtuftlti 
facing re«>€ation o^ Hwif rrti«en«h;| 
W»twr-l*Ca«r»n Lr» 


Exhibit No. 113 








13. IS53 



Yiigosiav-American HaH 
405 W. 41st Street 




New York, H Y. 

'.e . )-:'i CosBittii fii PfStistisd «( fsrsii? gtri • 

23 Wsst im Slfi«i 

! . Niw ferk !« 

. d. t. • 

MiJrrij Hiif 4-3455 

Dear Friend. 

Conference to Doi 
be haid on March 
403 Seat 41;;l "t,! 

-•■et . 

•: find s CnJ 
the Rig/it3 
1955 at the 
. Hew 'inrx 0: 

Li and Progrn.) 
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York ?'<■ 

selves tr.reaT.' 

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the Waiter-McC 

'arran i*ti« 


of the AmericEii people and 



Wfe call 

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A I 

-y. March 



Confererico iinaq^uei. TiUa Banquet will honor the C 
MoCarran La« vlotlas. Tables will be deslgnatedi by 
the particular per'!'-"-. '-^ muxina •Jour reservation, v 
a plaoo on the Adv. .. and Reservalioii 

indicate at wniun ;u woul'i llice Ic 

apeoiai dramatla v. >,^u.,w. . „„., i„- beijjg prepared :' , 
Banquet. We urge that Sndividuais and orgaalzatl;-. 
aervatioc.T as quisxiy as p3ssitJ«. 

The expense In calling auch a Conference an 

out Ita prograa Is considerable. We urge thai orgs;, 
individuals plaisBtng to atttjod the Coof arenas aad '■ 
with-thess as gbuerous eoctribations as possible to ; 
these oo3t3 and aiake possible our oaatlisued work. 

those «ho «ill be unable to . 

(:■: ,j,et to the enclosed eiiV' 

oo;,.-" ■ ., ■„ advsace oontribations, l* .: 
wiii be reud al th® B.anquft. 

Looking forirard to your participation 
liberetloaa to bring about a dsaocratic lamiKi/. t. .i 
naturalisation policy, we are 

Siacerely yours, 

/ rot. f^phfn-ifn L. i 
CapL JL,L " ■ 

Coaferer.oe Cv- 


Exhibit No. 114A 



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Exhibit No. 115A 

Whom We Call 

Foreign-born Americans were instrumental in building this 
mighty nation. Today, in the mines, the fields, the railroad 
gangs, the mills, the factories, the plants, the arts, the sciences 
and professions; the skills and talents of the foreign born 
still play a large part in keeping the wheels of this nation's 
progress spinning. 

In New York State, there are almost three million foreign- 
born Americans— sixteen percent of the total population. 

Yet there are those who have always sought to persecute 
and exploit the foreign born— despite the fact that they them- 
selves are descendants of foreign born Americans. 

It is such attitudes toward the foreign born which led to 
the passage of the Walter-McCarran Law two and one-half 
years ago. And it is because of such attitudes that today we 
find 53 New York State residents faced with Walter-McCarran 
Law deportation and 12 threatened with loss of their Amer- 
ican citizenship as the first step toward deportation. 

As cruel and harsh as the Walter-McCarran Law may be 
to an individual, its effects upon homes and families are im- 

Children are torn from parents. Homes and families are 
scattered as one or both parents are incarcerated pending dis- 
position of proceedings against them. These parents, mothers 
—grandparents— are not newcomers to this land. In many in- 
stances, they have lived here more than half a century— work- 
ing and contributing to the best of their ability to make of 
this land a proud land for their children to inherit. 

Today, as reward for their efforts, 11 million naturalized 
citizens are threatened with revocation of citizenship. The 
reward for three million non-citizens is police state supervi- 
sion. They are forced to carry on their persons at all times 
an "Alien Registration Card", forced to report their current 
address yearly to the Attorney General and in the event they 
move, notify him within 10 days. Many are forced to live 
under Walter-McCarran Law Supervisory Parole conditions. 

Failure to comply means jail or fines or deportation. 

The Immigration and Naturalization Service is responsible 
for administering to the foreign born. However, it is part 
of the Justice Department. As a result, we now find the 
adoption of FBI and police-state tactics in dealing with the 
foreign born. 

But an end to the persecution and harassment of this 
nation's 14 million foreign born Americans has become a 
persistent demand. For it has become widely recognized that 



Exhibit No. 115B 

there can be no undermining of the rights of the foreign born 
without undermining the Bill of Rights and the liberties of 
all Americans— native born as well as foreign born. 

From*alI corners of the nation, religious, civic, fraternal, 
trade union, scientific and cultural organizations have called 
for repeal or drastic revision of the Walter-McCarran Law 
and for the adoption of an immigration and naturalization 
policy in keeping with our democratic traditions. 

Therefore, as our contribution to this movement in defense 
of democratic rights in the United States, we join in spon- 
soring this Call issued by the New York Committee for 
Protection of Foreign Born, for a New York Conference to 
Defend the Rights of Foreign Bom Americans which will 
be held in New York City on March 19, 1955. 

It will be the sole purpose of this Conference to discu^c 
and develop a program of action geared to speedy repeal ol^ 
the Walter-McCarran Law and ensure that not one resident 
of New York State who falls victim to the Law is left without 
adequate defense. 

To this New York Conference, we invite all organizations 
and individuals who wish to join with us to formulate such 
a program so urgently needed to maintain the democratic 
liberties of the American people by defending the rights of 
the foreign born and repealing the Walter-McCarran Law. 

Conference Co-Chairmen 



(partial list) 

Dr. Edward K. Barsky 
Dr. A. I. Beacher 
Maurice Becker 
Dr. Vincent Bellafiore 
Jane Benedict 
Mrs. Anita Block 
Dr. Prancine B. Bradley 
James L. Brewer 
Dr. Dorothy Brewster 
Prof. Edwin Berry Burgum 
Thelma M. Dale 
Jack DeConinck 
Dr. W. E. B. DuBois 
Arnaud D'Usseau 
Dr. Lewis A. Eldridge, Jr. 
Howard Fast 
Dr. Henrietta Friedman 
Vickl Garvin 
Hugo Getlert 
June Gordon 
•Harry Gottlieb 
Samuel P. Greenberg 
Dave Greene 
Ellwood Griest 
Dr. Ralph H. Gundlach 
Robert Gwathmey 
Dashiell Hammett 
Rev. Chester E. Hodgson 

Dr. W. A. Hunton 

Leo T. Hurwlti 

Grace Hutchins 

Albert E. Kahn 

Rockwell Kent 

Dr. John A. Kingsbury 

Mrs. Edith Kushner 

Robert Kushner 

Ray Lev 

A. B. Magi! 

Mrs. Elizabeth Moos 

Rev. Richard Morford 

Joseph C. Navarra 

Prof. Gaspare Nicotri 

Dr. Clementina J. Paolont 

William Patterson 

Earl Robinson 

Anna Rochester 

Maud Russell 

Dr. Bela Schick 

Montgomery Schuyler 

Bill Shneyer 

Yelia PessI Sobotka 

Leon Straus 

R05e Taibi 

Jeanette Turner 


vlilt Wolf 


Exhibit No. 115C 



More than 340 non-citizens in 22 states have been arrested 
for deportation on the basis of political affiliation or 
opinions. During 1953 and 1954, one and a half million 
Mexicans were thrown back into Mexico, having been 
arrested without warrant, denied hearings and legal counsel. 


Denaturalization proceedings have been initiated against 
60 naturalized American citizens on the flimsy Walter- 
McCarran Law charges that at the time of naturalization 
they concealed a material fact. This despite the fact that 
many have been United States citizens for more than 25 


Knut Heikkinen, of Superior, Wisconsin, has been found 
guilty of the "crime" of not applying for a passport when 
ordered deported, and, at the age of 64, has been sentenced 

serve 10 years in jail. 

Supervisory Parole 

Non-citizens whom the Justice Department cannot deport, 
since no country will accept them as deportees, are placed 
on Walter-McCarran Law Supervisory Parole. Their habits, 
associates, reading material and friends become subject to 
Justice Department approval. Fourteen non-citizens in New 
York are challenging this police-state surveillance before 
the United States Supreme Court. 


Exhibit No. 115D 

Call and Program 

Hew York Conference 
to Defend 
the Rights of 
Foreign Born Americans 


New York Committee 

for Protection of Foreign Born 


Suite 202, 23 West 26th Street, New York 10, N. Y. All Con- 
ference sessions will be held at Yugoslav- American Hall, 405 
West 41st Street, N. Y. C. 


Starts at 9:00 A.M., Saturday, March 19, 1955, at Yugoslav- 
American Hall. Registration Fee: $1.00 for each delegate, 
visitor or observer. Registration Fee may be paid in advance 
or when registering at the Conference. 


Organizations are invited to send as many delegates as desired. 
Individuals are invited to attend as visitors. 


Your organization can help meet the great financial expense 
involved in organizing this important New York Conference 
and continuing its work by making a substantial contribution. 
Contributions may be sent with the Advance Credential and 
Reservation Blank or may be brought to the Conference. 

Send all communications to: 

New York Committee for Protection of Foreign Born 
23 W. 26th Street, New York 10, N. Y. 
Telephone: MUrray Hill 4-3458 


Exhibit No. 115E 

Saturday, March 19, 1955 

From 9:00 A.M. to 5:00 P.M. 

Yugoslav-American Hall 

405 West 41st Street 

New York N. Y. 


Saturday, March 19, 1955 

9:00 A.M.-10:00 A.M.-Registration 
10:00 A.M.- 1:00 P.M.-Morning Session 
1:00 P.M.- Lunch 

Saturday, March 19, 1955 

2:00 P.M.- 5:30 P.M.-Afternoon Session 

Saturday, March 19, 1955 

6:30 P.M.-10:00 P.M.-Banquet honoring the 
65 Walter-McCarran victims. 

(If you would like to be seated at the table of any 
specific Walter-McCarran Law victim, please indicate 
the name on the Advance Credential and Reservation 



Exhibit No. 115F 



Cedric Belfrage 
Alexander Bit+elman 
Israel Blankenstein 
Frank Borich 
Robert DIckhoff 
Andrew Dmytryshyn 
Harry Egger 
Frank Fleer 
Bet+y Gannett 
Bessie Geiser 
Clara Gelman 
Samson Glassover 
Harry Goldstein 
Ida Gottesman 
Mike Grubisich 
Frank Ibanez 
Claudia Jones 
Mary Karman 
Nick Karman 
Myer Klig 
Felix Kusman 
Choon Cha Kwak 
Chungsoon Kwak 
Sigmund Loiko 
Milan Malesevich 
Nick Marines 
Sam Milgrom 
Ignat? Mizher 
Steve Myrsiades 
Rose Nelson 
Herman Nixon 
Michael Nukk 
Steve Plese 
Irving Potash 
johan Roldugin 
Beniamin Saltzman 
William Sanders 
Jack Schneider 
Louis Seligson 
Joseph Siminoff 
Boris Sklar 
Jack Stachel 
James Startzeff 
Anna Taffler 
Morris Taft 
John Williamson 
Martin Young 
Paul Yuditz 
John Zazuliak 
William Zazuliak 
Paul Cinat 
Francesco Costa 
Leonard Costa 





Bnt of 

of Birth 

in U.S. 






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British West Indies 




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r, N. Y. 


United States 




r, N. Y. 



Isidore Begun 
Louis Braverman 
Daniel Boano 
Sophie Gerson 
V. J. Jerome 
James Lustig 
Paul Novick 
Sol Almazov Pearl 
Constantine Radzie 
Isaac Ronch 
Louis Weinstock 



in U.S. 


Years a 

Resident of 



New York City 


New York City 


New York City 


New York City 


New York City 


New York City 


New York City 


New York City 


New York City 


New York City 


New York City 


Exhibit No. 116 



The Congress of the United States 

The Walter-McCarran Law has been condemned by oil sections of the American people and organizations rep- 
resenting labor, church, civic, educational, fraternal and cultural organizations. President Eisenhower has called 
this law "racist and discriminator/' and former President Truman vetoed it. Opposition to it is widespread and 
mounts daily. 

The Walter-McCarran Law is being used by the Justice Deportment to persecute thousands of non-citizens ond 
naturalized American citizens. The Low imposes police-state conditions of living on 14 million foreign-born Amer- 
icans and establishes un-American and un-democrotic second-class citizenship. If is a threat to the Bill of Rights 
and thereby is a threat to the rights of all. 

Therefore, we the undersigned, respectfully call upon the Congress of the United States to repeal the Wolter- 
McCarron Low and adopt immigration ond naturalization legislation bosed on the following democratic principles: 

I. Any noiwitiien who Iiai lived in th« Uniled SlalM for two y«ari or moro, if ontry wot in occordonca 

with low, b« pormilod lo bocomo on Amoricon cilixon without rod topo or doloy. 
J. Any non-«iliion who Soi livod in Iho Unitwd Stotoi for fivo yoori or moro should not bo throotonod 

with doportotion for ony reoion wholsoovar. 

3. A noturolizod citijon ihould not bo throotonod with concollotion of citizenihip for ony rooton whoN 
toovor, unlosi it wot obtoinod by fraud. 

4. Immigration ihould be permitted without diicriminotion at lo country of binh, race, color, creed, or 
politicol belief, with full utilizotion of established quotat. 


Please return fhis pelHion fo: 

The New York Committee for Protection of Foreign Born 

23 W. 26th St., New York 10, N. Y., MU 4-3457 


Exhibit No. 117 

* » 


Ofiitgd Negio and Allied Veterans ot America, Inc. Nalional h 

Tf;.- '. ^ r\ y -..i-, Hi-:* Alll*-'. Veterans of Anjerica 
'.-1 proi^d tc anrioircr i^e sponsorship of Its fl-.-'i 
cjl'-^a'. "veiit In wasn' n 'i Dn , to cake place at tne 
Vermon. i'."nj> K,a: I'st Chur-h, Vermont Averue a* F 
Street, ^■^•- '■..- f . ;; , Thursday, O;rober 16, i.9^ f at 6 : ?0 
p,ra., vr.'-r. jNAVA ore-jents 'J.f distinguished Ame^l-Qi 
ArtlPt. ^^L\! Roh-isor. in a Dene'^it cor.rert Mr. 
^-.>fSon wlli '-- ' • : 'n ;,,e ^•-f.-rt ^y tri--; . ?ra) r;t 

.'"WT...- hfipt'"* :. -. - . -.■;- r, jnder th^ d ; ■ ■- : I or c' 

5?^'', *l 

n, $2,nr. -- Balconv 
■r-j-n : ^"- '^ ' t ' cket 

t ]■■•■.>■: ^ 

.^. -i; " '01 ' ■ . . ' ticket 

pl'..y ; - . - . -'1 , 

Al". :':.= ■- ., -.Jo,., pcs'al njr^s shall be 

■na.-'.e oavabi^ ^ i ■. : - •. ■-!:" -l^' ^- ' - er-ans 

'j>: f':T,fri :«'•'•■ - ■ '--, , H W. , 

Wasr ..-• ••-..:, , rii ormat-o:. phc.".e 

DE- • ■ ^ : -' . ■ -:,..-' r ; ifP Of lc:Z'j P.OOP. 

and "- '' ' (T. 


Exhibit No. 118 

[Daily Worker, Monday, Au^st 23, 1948, p. 3] 

Arrestsof "12" Assailed by 395 Negro Leaders 

President Truman and Attorney General Clark were condemned this week 
by 395 Negro citizens for jeopardizing the rights of minority groups by the recent 
"hysteria-breeding arrests of national leaders of the Communist Party." 

The statement, endorsed by citizens in 37 States, will be published this week 
in a number of Negro weekly newspapers under the caption "The First Line of 
Defense." Defend Minorities. 

The project is sponsored by Dr. W. E. B. DuBois, Roscoe C. Dunjee, publisher 
of the Black Dispatch, Oklahoma City, attorney Cliarles P. Howard, Des Moines, 
la., and Paul Robeson. 

"We raise here no defense of the principles of the Communist Party," the 
statement declares, "Our concern is to defend the 'right' of political and other 
minorities, especially the Negro people, to fight for the kind of society they con- 
sider democratic and just. 

"We agree fully with . . . Henry A. Wallace; "Defense of the civil rights 
of Communists is the first line in the defense of the liberties of a democratic 
people.' " 

Two Negroes are among the 12 Communist leaders indicted for "conspiracy" 
in reconstituting the Communist Party. They are Councilman Benjamin J. 
Davis and Henry Winston, administrative secretary of the Communist Party. 

Sponsor Paul Robeson pointed out that the Civil Rights Congress, 205 B. 42 
St., is conducting the legal defense. He expressed the "hope that liberty-loving 
Americans everywhere will rally to the support of CRC in this case which involves 
the freedom of us all." 


The 395 Negro leaders compared the arrests to those of the Nazi Gestapo, and 
declared their obvious purpose to be "to frighten people away from the Wallace 
Movement and progressive people's organizations generally, and to strengthen 
the current drive to war." 

The President and Attorney General are calletl upon "to give more than lip- 
service to civil rights" by taking effective steps "to defend the lives and liberties 
of the Negro people in the South" ; to "repeal the poll tax, establish a national 
FEPC and outlaw lynching, and to "abolish discrimination in Federal employ- 
ment and segregation in the armed forces." 

Endorsers of the statement include : 

Bishop R. R. Wright Jr. (A. M. E.), Wilberforce, Ohio; Bishop C. C. AUeyne 
(A. M. E. Z.), Philadelphia, Pa. ; Bishop Reverdy C. Ransom (A. M. E.), Wilber- 
force, Ohio, Bishop J. H. Clayborn (A. M. E.), Little Rock, Ark. 

Business executives : Augustine A. Austin, Antillian Holding Co., New York ; 
Jake J. Simmons Jr., Simmons Royalty Co. (oil investments), Muskogee, Okla., 
attorney Willard B. Ransom, assistant manager Mme. C. J. Walker Mfg. Co., 

Progressive Party congressional candidates : Ada B. Jackson, Brooklyn, Mag- 
istrate Joseph H. Rainey, Philadelphia, Dr. John E. T. Camper, Baltimore, Dr. 
Ulysses Campbell, Newark, and senatorial candidate Larkin Marshall, Macon, Ga. 

Trade union leaders: Moranda Smith, FTA-CIO, Winston-Salem, N. C. ; Cole- 
man Young, Wayne County CIO, Detroit, Hilliard Ellis, UAW-CIO, Cicero, 111., 
Charles Collins, AFL Hotel Employees New York, Thomas Richardson, UPW- 
CIO, Washington, and Raymond Tillman, ILAW, New Orleans. 

Artists: Canada Lee, Shirley Graham, Allan R. Freelon and Charles Enoch 

Educators: Dr. Oliver C. Cox and Charles G. Gomillion, Tuskegee Institute, 
Ala., Rudolph Moses, Dillard University, New Orleans, Dr. Helen A. Bryant, 
Wayne University, Detroit, Dean Edward K. Weaver, Texas College, Tyler, Tex! 

Mildora Payne, Denver, Alma V. John, New York, Mary Church Tertell, Wash- 
ington, Mrs. Andrew W. Simkins, Columbia, S. C. Fred Nicklewhite. Manchester, 
Vt., Capt. Hugh Mulzac, and publisher Henry Graham. Newark. 



Exhibit No. 119 


s a. 

5 •• Sfi 


^5. l--»i I Si 

■= ,^ '' » 

r 2S 

- " - S £ - 

* « 2 

Ei'=t:Cg; .a 

2 c 

5 -^ 

; .fl r n = 


3 J5 A 

S " 

X^ic^cTlt '"3S5--.J!-2J( 

?5H33 0^57— lit. 2 


Exhibit No. 120A 


T»mpo'o'i' Ad'i'^** 

331 taxi /O-h S 

N.w Yo'k JIM' 

^c^Bt :;i, 1949 

Dev Con^rer.soan: 

Close to 900 Arericans cf pt-uidln^ throuf^cut our ccuntrj' have 
Joined in sifT.inf: the enclosed etatenent RXfr':?«ping orpof.ltlon to 
President TTuffl.-m'c anns profinua and larinf: thn.t ymi vote rM^^lnst 
U3 rar,?,!/:©. Knclor.ed you will find a copy of the atatecent tncethor 
with, '■he lint of those -.vhose n-vnes h.-ive been roi-eived by un to date. 

We -«ali:'.c that the H-une of •■.orr '■■- ^nt ^^'vps ha- filreftiy 'i'ted 
upon the -u-n. -.^^r^. -iiU-r. K- ov^r. -.-r,- •ill be another cri^r- 
tunity for y-i > ox: r..^ y -a- : ; • 1 -, r •>.. 'r^islaticn «hM 
the refort fror U^c jMnt ;..uBf'- - ' - 'f'-r-v-e conr^ittee comes 
before you. At th-.t tir^e, we h ■ ^^ w,iir..t the arrs 


It ni.-iy b-^ cf Intere-t t^ ynu that tho stuter.ent was l^.itl,^ted 
jointly by nine lo-vrs In Aaericor. life, actin./: thro-ir^i the Cc'ntlnua- 
tlons CoF-nittee r i' thr y nforence 'r^n Ffureful AUerr.ntlveR to tr.e 
Atlantic Tact. '?^c 'ore r.ls3 3nl ly Croone B^ch, Hon. Ch-ilrotui 
of the Woman's Intornation-il League for Tonc.d and Freedom; Dr. 
Abr'») Cronb-'.-h , cf the Hebrew Union CcUcre, Cinoinnati, Ohio; 
P.ev. 'Jr. Vark r.ivbor, Home Misriona Cc:m,^i\ of %'orth America, U.Y.J 
Frof. Kr^r-lt 77:;/, ■'nlvorBlty of 'yicnr.c: acv. K. Firley Finher, i"reneral;-, Afr;''.:. 'v- »:,- • i ■■ t Iriitcri-l :--.n C^virch, ""ir.hinfiton, D.C.; 
The Rev.'ircf. ;il:< r: :■. Lvicccc)-, Yale '■^vinlt.y .>hool , New f'avcn, 
Conn.; Dr. Albert /. I ^Inor, ;;cdcr ttor ConprogatSonal - 
Christlfin Churches, Cilifornlu; Kev. Frunl^lin Ohecder, Beard of Educa- 
tion ind Publications, Svanrellcal and Reforned Oiurch, ITslladelrhla, 
Pa., and Rev. John B. ih;on.' r,on , 2' em of !J3'-kefellor Memorial Qiapel, 
University cf Oiicigo, 

Cn behalf of the Continuations Ccnnlttee of the Conference on 
Peaceful Alternatives to the Atlantic Fact, I rur tr insmi tting the 
letter and the list of alffners, hoj In^ th it you will be rcnpongive 
to this petition for peace. 

Sincerely yours, 

Miss Jule T. Bouchard 
Tor the Committee 


Exhibit No. 120B 


Aa citizens who' arc deeply concerned vlth the wplfsre and froedoB of Aaerlci 
nnd the poece of the world, we urge you to reject the proposal to send arms to 
EuLTope. Nothing could be nore trnglc for world peace at thla time than sending 
theoe arms, Nothing will more surely divide the world Into two warring caapa. 

We belleTw that pe^ce la poeelble: that war between the United States and the 
Soviet Union U not Inevitable; that through conferences and dlBCusalona, as at the 
recent Four Power Parla Conference, dtfferencea between our country and the 3ovlet 
Union cnn find a Juat "nd honorable solution. Ir, rejecting the Idea that war la In- 
evitable ind In reiterating our firm conviction that the United States and the 
Soviet Union can settle their differences through peaceful means, ve are confident 
th«t wfi echo the hopes of the voet majority of the American people. 

It la precisely becauae we believe In the poselbUlty of peace that w» are 
nlarmed it the propoaal to send arms to Europe. Id the few daya that have elapsed 
Blnce President Truman eov.t his re-juest to Congress for an arms program for fcurope, 
n dsngeroua atmosphere of panic and hyaterla seema to have been deliberately created. 
The theory la being spread t^at the arms appropriation must be passed so that we may 
muater adequate military forces against the Soviet Union. An arms program 9uch as 
this will load to an armamenta race which soon will take ue Into war. Fer.ce has never 
been preserved by arms -- only destroyed. 

A huge and costly program for the arming of western Europe, underwritten by 
American money and arms, will add an intolerable burden to the economy of our country 
and the nations of Europe Just at the time when we can laist afford It. 

The Aaerloan people cannot afford more arms when their own Incomes are declining 
pnd money Is being denied needed social services and welfares; when the taxes that pay 
for the cold war are already biting deeply Into the average American's Income. 

It Is unthinkable that when the needs of the world are for economic jurvivol , 
for food, clothing, shelter, that this money should be spent on arms. To force upon 
the nations of western Europe the ata^gerlng burden of an armaments race threatens 
them with an Impossible burden at the very time when tl.ey are concerned with the pre- 
vention of economic cataatrophe. 

There Is a road t o pe ace that Is not paved w ith arms. From every side there Is 
con vine lng~evldence that continued negotiation to settle outstanding dlfferencee be- 
tween tnet and West, will prove more nnd more fruitful. The recent special report of 
the American Friends Service Corjnlttee has pointed tiie way, as has every major re- 
ligious pronouncemsnt these last few months. It lies througl- reliance on the U.K. 
for mediation and corclllatlon, through wor> Ing for peace rather than preparing for 
war, through Increasing trade with Fussle and Eastern Europe. 

The Un it ed Sta tes must ta ke that road to peace . 

But the arms program and the alarmist war BtB»sphero now being developed to 
Justify this program will nullify any efforts to breai down the barriers between Fast 
and West through continued peaceful Degotletlons. 

We urge upon you that you oast your vote against the arms program and thu.s trene- 
late Into action the peaceful desires of the American people Instead of following the 
lead of those wbo would further divide the world thro i^^. an emamsnts race. 

OOWK 16/117 


Exhibit No. 120C 

Albort .. r, .hr, ;,'.ithT, 'r" r, /j-rr !.■! .-". .ollcir, . :., ' 'iodootmr (! ut hnrin), I'tiS'i 

rnul > Kllr^l;, Lrf.l . ., fti.nrry '^crkor- i'rS r-..n , i if ;.. r -i i. 

..Ifrod Kurhlxr, : d ■..!•-. t i^rcii : : ■ .ts "r.Kn, Cf,d-r.»» lirr 

?rp.!.jU !i.e'.:, Cr,"ort vlolir.: ■ .'Ity 

Vs. rrrlnio I.artoro, /.as't, .:l«i Wi Llfo, : » ' VtW Tity 

ituv. .•■>hr Hcv;l:.r- 1 Ifithrq, !rl- ,r.;ii ;. r"ti, 'Ir'-ATyn 

:iov. i.'.'rr.jt L"-irtcr., :'!.dloof. Av... .'nrtltt •-hvjroh, .Jtr-.rjf 

;,l-i-.l -.r. '.A.lorri.r., Toanh«r8 Ir.lor,, Ur.Uo'l Tubl Ic "..'or: r«-CI . , St.; l.rk >:U;. 

K.I.. iwtl> I.osll.1, -istor, -.ho , I'mt r> rk City 

■j-i» Jc'.r Lo3«i.-..-, i-o i'.rli'.irrt 

Knv, Albli! lir-irro:., ! llfrin Lut.-or^r. Churoh, !.«•» York City 

•(cv, JqYt '. '.:-.^., first .ot.'MaiEt th'ireh, Bi.ff:.l-> 

Rov, fro.,1.:: r . -iir, Fimt i rr^iir • orlri, Churol., Tioldwlr. 

hciv, ^ r, 1-/ (•iforl . .rk I r^ityt orl-.n '•hir«h, Unf Vurk "It; 

jiT,, >,• ■- tTi'', :U<ffibor T -or^rjtB, t uit ^ork City 

rr. ■ r, .T/ ^ork City 

i,,v. .'. ;i . : ■..ard :oU«h, Churfh nf thu (civ Trlr.lty, !<ro.>kl,vn 

Sv.,: :'irr!.r, ritor, .' m: Vi.rk City 

.'Vs. riltitirth !':co, Ccr.Gro»« of .jMria-r. '.Tosv-r, Cr ot on-.-T,-ifud»^T. 

11! il n- :;.-rr)«, . r. , ThoJ-trle-a /.f.ont , !:ow Yi rk City 

Fffv, ' -^/'.rd 7. »oi, "othtdUt Chureh, fivlrrort 

roftalr. iluf.h '-uls.J, J-ii-.lo> 

Fliroroi. "'urroj', Tdltor, 7hu iiogro Hondbsck , '<r.r \ork vlty 

Hirry ; .sh, F.■c^ >rkt,rii,1c(-i No, 42, Ho- Yrrk City 

lav, I, KoUrn, 2%-ir.f,jl Icil Covorw.t Churoh, Ntr/ Iio<>.ollo 

Rot. J. r. ^olnpn, Luthorin, .''shor.jotr.dy 

Ej». J(EOfh !:ivv,i-, jtornrlllo 

ror.rli"! ' c.;-, .ritir .iid Leoturor, '.Iwrf York City 

'71rlfrod 'i-rrux., irUod ' fflco luid iTcfotilonal VorVurf, loo-J ir>, .r i r, -!t> 

.!-ijv, Tnrr r*-^ K. Cc,Jcr,, Trlr.lty- ..othcllst Chureh, ;rv»l-!ort Cohuro t.l;- li.istTj 

..ct'ri tier, ;ohor,oot:-dy 
,»rthu.' «ri.j , >.■ 'OS .lo *■ '?ar.houio ".'crkjrj 'jrlon-'-tc 1 6;', IriJ..., ./t.;if rt , '. rV 

Gior ' . : «, :.r- York City 
!'ojiir : r' Ir^o: , rusldor.t Contumor-fnrrjr ! IIL Coo' cr'it W.-^ ir.f., '. u<' i'-rl. Clt^ 

i.i ; :. . ". -'y-:rj^.«, Unttod Turnlturo or'.jrr-C! , 'J- V ^r^ -ity 
I'lov. ■ . :ni-ry, .'^ooond POft Ut Churot., T'cokrUlo v.n.tjr 

4Ub')r» ; . I." ' ' , Irrt'l. Inlor. of '•Irio, ".111 ,'. -roster ■.^r!,,.ra- J I . , li . ri Ity 
frof.- oil. : j11;;3, ijTorlor.n t.»t'r, jf Gclortlfle wi jrs, ^a( ivrk Cit; 
Rot. bo r -, , 1 i: ., )othodift -hur«h, rU,rj:.fro 

R'-T. J^> lot, -t^ilohjB .'jjBorU Iroibjtorlur. ihupcl., ::^f/ York City 
l!OT, .'. Lf-r/ r, fr ,1, , rirrt "h tint CKuroh, Glon IM§ 
'>«, :ol'r iPf"! 'r-cklyn, : J«r York 
iArtln r(»ip.r, ."O'., Attorr.ny-ut-Lr-w, Nws Vr rk City 
Hot. Fr-rk .'vy .'oil, Krtt othiMUt Churoh, Jo^x«tc»m 
Rov. ca.d rn, J?j^..a L, nhliso»tilth, :<it:i«Uit, !.•? York City 
Eldor 2, ', KoLorti, frooklyr 

Rot, FniU; T, i.o.-ors, lOllyrctx) rtrftljt Chureh, ^jsltyrlllo 
0, John Ropro, Eaq., ittornoy-tt-law, j\. Y^ri. City 
Llr. .■;f-nt. ..o-.i Y rl; City 

Rot, I»-r >., .'raaoll, :;oth"dl.-t Churnh, y^hrllli 
r«JT, >jva-\ro i'css;, i^lrtt : ct'.'diit Chureh, Coront. 
lira, Sldr.oy r. ."-rli, Flusl.ln,- 

Fr«r, S. S^.-ir.sfolJ Ci rQurt , 'olunbln 'nlTorilty, Ew^urtl irdlor , • rr: V rr -"Sty 
I'rc. li.thljon :, Soyro, FaU7./«:,li of i-rpoi.clli-.ll oi , GrutK yiirk 
Fiov. .-.rthbr M, SPt.r.r,y«r , Zl.-n i.Vxrolif;.l Luti.ertm .hur-h, Map-vr. ."Mile 
ko-rcr. C-troJd.jT, rltod Cfflfio i I rrro« orV, «•» -OK, ..o.i Vvr: >;ty 
Kit, •■'•■It.r /., ."ol.nlt'.n, /j-liiiftt»i .loforrod Chureh, 1 ouri'i-Jt «lo 
roT. J ->r »',:■"«.'. r.;, .--liter .-jlrane {ronr,r.)c:>t lonnUChrlrtif.n'xr, - , ■-; 
F-d-^ir ., r.v r, (c - rir. I Club, T-Jw' TltV City 
Rov, ;'..'- , ' '-■■ " lllt.ti, Ciriirol^i *atti«t Chureh, Rroc'ayri 

Dlt ; •'•'.••, 1. ■• ;; 1- K- ' nr ' . 'orktrs Unlf-n-Loc-J S&-lildoi,cnd r.t , Trcc'-lvr. 
■.rs. E- ■ -T- 1:. i, =, ';<r.- Y -rk City 

Rov, I-.sii. ::. ."ir.iri, first '..thcdist Ch^^roh, p«a-t lyron 
J-..-.i,s ". .■JiT'.l, ' o.. Y-. rl: City 
•'is.' Ai-t.M ,:r.:ll'Ty, .VJtl.rr, Nn lork City 
.7ov, r-;!..! ", "rii'.h, :othcdlst Churoh, Klflt^' 
Rlv» I. 3ti!T;'-l, First JiTthodSrt Churoti, i l->tt.'.; -.rr.h 
Rov. for--'Sn ~. 3-.f'doi burg, iloyt, Cor.grjfiti >r.- J .' r.-h, St:.t r Tsl r I 
nov, Fr'-f, ;.« !.ur L. Si/lft, Jr., Vnlon Thu'^lcrio:: .". , .; .ry , Ic. Yr i ' tity 
P.OT, John R. rtiylor, St. John's Luthercn Chi.reh, l^mr'- 


lCrr.arli--,tlor.3, frtf, an, Hated for the : ury- os j f Id :t!riputlor. or,!;.) 


Exhibit No. 120D 

Vrs, Jcarotto S, Turner, ZS^c. Soc';., ... '. . -Ity Cor.ouir,crs -cur.Ci., Lf^r-c lel'-nd 

i'rs« Elsio H» ^.T-dalo, Now Vom City 

5r, Vexy Van Kloee'.;, Ir.dustrl^l Scf'ologlar, No-..- Ycr'- City 

HiUn Vaughx, iotross, IJui/ i ric City 

Rot, Lculs S. '■ngror, LuU.orcj-., Qucor.s Villt^o 

Fredl '.V- sh ir,gt on , JJ'troae, Itr.i Vcrk City 

.Rev, Vlrocr.t T. ".'fctBcn, I othodlst Churoh, DcUiicrt 

''r.xWob6r, jlrtlst, Crgat ;:®ok 

Frank V;o41, rT"si'*.ort, Lccsl S46, Prothijrhsci ef;j-l, rov.- Vor!: ilty 

Kftrry './clr.bcrg, Chappaquo 

Frof, Gonci Tflltfish, Coluabic "r.lT.relty, Her.-' Yor!: City 

iieT, EJr.or Rcod ".Voit , Clifton i-xr^ .'(cthodlst Chtri-t. . tvPter.lfvlUo 

Efv, Eliot .Tiit'-, rrotodtnnt Ei'lacop--l , :«j York '-^.y 

.".CT, ,;&; no '"hitcj ' oet^host.jr ; othodlst Ch-j-e'.;, :<!■./ York City 

Ksv, DaVid RV.-s .. illiaiM, First .r.itariur tJhureh, f.oe\.or-%^T 

Aloxr^r.^<!r 'r-j\'', --.D., N»J York CltJ 

Kartir. Vo' :' - , :.-tor, Mom York City 

Cloi'-'i.t 'C-u, :.c*icol of Croctlvc ''rltlng, DcXortoc 

Hci, Ernaato Zuiio, Soelota : lulonarlo lol V^rd .JMrlca, J^ooklyr. 

Edwin rjir!u-cn, Aihorlllo 

Rffv, Thoiais C, Fryan, f roibjtor Van Church, /Inotcn E: 1 n 

Prcf, C, H. KMilin, Atlar.tla ChrlotlMi Colloe-, lloor 

?.<r», J. V. ?".llor, RcflVy Icuntoin 

Pov, Pob'irt I-, .StanKtr, "othodlit Churoh, Chorictto 

kov, E, L, Tl.;>ni», Lothodlit, Raleigh 

KOiTH DiJ'.OT.'. 

EaT, Hubert N, ~ukc8, Fodorotod Church, Grund Forl"» 

ChoBtor !., Grtihan, Fornort Union, Jmoatawi 

Pov, Ir.y Harris, Chureh of thj Brothron, :inot 

Dc% C, "aio'An, ViUoy City 

Prof-'jr /. Kunk, 'Voiloy Collogo, OrerxJ Fork* 


Rot, ;:. :;. nor, or. Board of Vjnelons, SranfuUcal Unitad Brothroo Cl.uroh, Doytcr. 

Rcrr, C. "li Uaa Plttok, First :'otn^lat ChJrfh, Vrirluttci 

Rnbfci Stonloy k. firaT, Rookdilc '^^Iv, Cincinnati 

RoTT, Ea-'ln !^ Brotfr., ■.'oeloy ioth-^ist Chur«h, Hirioc 

Rot, Harold K, Oc.rr, i^thMUt ChLreh, La'-afood 

Rusioll ", Chuao, E»<j,, Attomoy-at-La.<, ClcrolaiW 

Chij-lo« J, Ci&r!:, Tolodo 

Hon, Hugh OoLaoy^ Forffsr lleabor of Cof»gr«»e, Clcrrolond 

Rot, Oriatt K. Dojcorjl, Flytf-uth Conf rofot iontl Churoh, Colujabui 

Kotharino Dcdl, r.,D., Children* Hcspltxl, Roioaroh Pound%tlon, 'JnlTir»lty of 

Clr.olrx-.t i, Clnolnmitl 
Rot, Paul J, Fcil.-.o, Flrtt Congrugatlonal Chupoh, i.Tor Lftko 
Rot. Hugh R. Fouico, :tethodl»t Churoh, ?ol norrlllo 
Ray Olngorj .iritor, Cloraland 
Joeoph K, OUittomir. , linyten 
!1r«. Prank Cootsoh, Fa»t CloT'-lard 

Rov, F, Trvfo Jacob*, '"lltcTi -to. Brongol leal 4 Hofor»od Churoh, Columbut 
Rot, Carl J, Uxndos , Congrof atiorAl Chureh, Shandon 
Rabbi Bonjnsdn lApldui, Dcytor, 

Wn. H, l«ooh, i/iltor, Churoh itanaeoBunt , CleToiand 
ij-e. Harry C. Lor.f, Liircr. Counoil for Ptooo /jotior, Akron 
Prof, OlSvjr S. Loud, Artioch CoUofc, icllow Crrlrgs 
Borrjord r-^roorty, Starootryparj I'nion, Ci crToiaril 
Rot, "llford H, !'j:Liln, Norwood Chrlttlan. Church, Tcrvood 
Rot, Harry S, .•abio, Oberlin 

Rov, Korjy K, .jirbly, '.%, Zlon "athodiet Church, Olr inrvitl 
Pot, Tfllllaa! B, :iathow«, Tht, I'r.ltod Church, Conr.eoiit 
Rot, Tom Bonnirtt S'auror, )'arlo»out Cosrvu nity Chureh, Cl.ielnr^tl 
frof, Paul 1, Milor, Hlrao Col logo, Klr-rjn 
Rot, "r llllrjr. A, Mli«r, United Prosbj t fcriar,, 'irur-fstMrj 

-OTVor-'itior.a, ote, are Uatod for th'O furrca^ cf H ,r:t If l:it Ion only) 


Exhibit No. 121 

PtfW 1 Daily Wofkrr. New Yerii, Monday. July S. 1^5» 




CapJ. Hugh Mulzac, WorW War II Negro skipper of the Booker 
T. WashingJon. will join with Paul Robeson, world peaee leader, at 
Harlem's first 'Hands Off Korea" rally since the Korean tonflkt, 
tonight (Monday). Called for 8 p.m.. at 125 Street ainl Lenox 
Avenue, the rally is sponsored hy the Courw-il on Afritan Affairs, 
the Provisionaf Harlem Committee for Peace arwl freedom, ihe 
ffarlem Trade Union Council and the Committee lor a Demo- 
cratic Far Eastern Policy. 

Joining Robeson and Mulzac will be former Councilman Ben- 
jamin J. Davis, chairman of the Harlem Communist Party, the Rev. 
Cilbert .Sherman, of the Salem AME (Jhurch; Ferdinand C. Smith, 
and Halois Moofchead, both of the Harlem Tratle I'nion Councii. 

Tremendous response has already developed for the meeting 
since a communitywide leaflet distribution over the weekend. The 
slogans of the rally are "Korea for the Korean People." "Africa f*>r 
the Africans," "Freedom for the Negro People," ar»d "Prevent World 
War HI." 


Exhibit No. 122 



80 Eaif I I Straet 

Room 608 

New York 3, N. Y. 

Tel.: ORegon 4-4767 

Fsbruairy 9, 195^ 

-•HO! i:^«'LV BEJIRV miGI M 
'..R Oi F B rX WHS 

Daar rrlsadi 

Ua nra ancloslag a reprint of an appeal whloh appaared 
In the NATTOHAL GUARDIAN lasuea of January 25 and February 1. 
Thle appeal correatly atatea that Tou oan help rererae 
Saith Act conviotloaa. " 

Tee - Tqu oan help reverae the Salth Act conTlotiaoa of 
Elliaboth Gurley Plynn and her 12 oo-defendanta by contribu- 
ting to the fuod we are ralaing to flaance the bag* eest of 
oarrylng the oaaa to the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeala and, 
If aeoeaaarf, to the U.S. Supreae Court. 

Read this appeal carefully. It la designed to conTlnce 
you br facta that repeal of the Saltb Act can be won In the 
courts. Stare Nelaon'e appeal victory In the Pennaylranla 
Suprana Court Is abxmdant eTldenoo that a detamlned fight 
in the courta can be auccaaaful. 

Tour own freadoa of apeeeh and political opinion are at 
stake in this case. 

Note carefully the basis of the Citiiens F,»Brgenoy 
Defense Gonferenoe appeal. "Support of this case requires 
DO position on the political prograa of the dafeodaats. 
It requires only a defease of their Constitutional rlghta." 

I an certain that when you have acquainted youraalf with 
these facta you will see clearly the necessity of ■aklog aa 
generous a caotrlbutioa aa possible. 

Sincerelj- yours, 

C^fford T. MoATgfjr 



Exhibit No. 123 

[Dally Worker, New York, Monday, March 19, 1956] 

Map Court Fight on Coast Guard Screening 

By Herbert Signer 

East Coast seamen screened out on the maritime industry will start legal 
action next week to compel the Coast Guard to drop its screening procedures, 
which have been declared unconstitutional by the Ninth Circuit Court of Ap- 
peals in San Francisco. 

The action, to be backed by a mass campaign, was made known at a rally 
Friday night sponsored by the Seamen's Defense Committee with the coop- 
eration of the Emergency Civil Liberties Committee. 

Capt. Hugh Mulzac, former skipper of the famed World War II Liberty 
ship, Booker T. Washington, and the first Negro sea master in the U. S. 
merchant marine, is chairman of the committee and will be one of those who 
will initiate the court action in Washington. 

Despite the storm which hit New York hard Friday, about 100 screened 
maritime workers, and some wives and friends, turned up at Adelphi Hall, 
74 Fifth Ave., to launch this fight. 

The court victory on the West C<iast, the first major setback to the whole 
federal witchhunt, came as the climax of an action started in 1951 by 10 
.screened maritime workers. Since the ruling last October, screening on the 
West Coast has stopped, but it continues on the East Coast and everywhere 

Speakers at the rally were Dr. J. Raymond Walsh, economist and former 
CIO leader; Capt. Mulzac; Victor Rabinowitz, counsel for the Seamen's De- 
fense Committee, and a rank and file .seaman. 

Dr. Annette Rubinstein, was chairman. 

The rank and file seamen predicted the fight to put an end to screening 
would win strong support from the members of the National Maritime Union 
and other waterfront unions because it is now generally recognized that the 
shipowners have been able "to do a job on conditions" of unscreened seamen. 

"Let's not think this screening was directed only at the left-wingers in the 
NMU," he told the rally. "The shipowners knew what they were doing. They 
used this screening to get rid of any seaman who fought for wages and con- 
ditions — and everyone knows it." 

Capt. Mulzac, who had sailed the seas from 1907 until he was screened in 
1951, cited some of his experiences of struggle for equal rights in the mer- 
chant marine. "The sea has been my destiny, and the .screening denied me 
that destiny," said the skipper of the interracial crew, including 18 nation- 
alities, which he insisted should man the Booker T. Washington when the 
government in 1942 finally bowed to the mass demand for Negro sea captains. 
Later, four other Negroes were given ships to command during World War II. 
None are sailing today. 

The government, its whole screening program upset, has not yet decided 
whether it will appeal the ruling to the U. S. Supreme Court, or" whether it 
will change its setup to try to get around the Circuit Court decision. A total 
of 1,886 maritime workers, including many war heroes and founders of the 
maritime unions, have been victimized since 1950, when the screening started 
during the Korean War crackdown on civil liberties. 

Exhibit No. 124 


\\fw Vnrk .loiirnal AmPTican 

Sat.SepI 8,1951—3 

ISkipper Barred 
iBy Coast Guard 


Huch Mulzar, a merchant ma-| 
liine captain whose wartime ca- 
Ireer was widely pubhcized by the] 
Icommunist party and its pubh- 
Ications. has been refused finthcrl 
Imantime duties by the Coast! 
IGuard. it was learned today. 
Declared a "bad security r'sk' 
by the (oast Guard. Muliar. a 
Nefro. mav have his master'^ li- 
cense revoked after a hearing 
scheduled next month in VVash- 

During World War II. Mulzar 
jwa.s skipper of the S. S. Bookerl 
T. Wa.shington which made 22 1 
J trips in the trans-Atlantic run. 
iThe ship has been re-commis- 
jsioned but when it sailed f oi' 
Hampton Roads week, a new| 
Icaptam was aboard 

|sn-MPinj FOR FDR. 

In 1944. Mulzac took a leave 
of absence from his convoy duty 
id campaign for the lat^ Presi- 
dent Roosevelt and served on 
the Political Action Committee 
of Sidney Hillman alonj with 
Ferdinand C. Smith. The latter 
recently was deported as a Com- 

The Communist party has or- 
jeanized a 'citizens' committee'' 
to defend the beached Negro skip- 
per and will hold a reception in 
Mulzacs honor at the Harriet 
|Tiibman center, 290 Lenox ave., 
tonight. The Dailv Worker .said 
the reception will announce plans 
to -save Mulzac from persecution 
I by the Coast Guard." 

The Coast Guard, which ha« 
been rooting: out subversives in 
the merchant marine for the 
past two years, would not com- 
ment other than to affirm that 
Mulzac would no longer be al- 
lowed to hold maritime posts j 
under Coast Guard jurisdiction 



Exhibit No. 125A 



ir eaten* the right^^ 

The infamous McCarran-W alter immigration latv threatens tne rigt 
of non-citizens and naturalized citizens and ultimately of all of ua 

riiW l.ivvs in the hiMorv ot ilu\ >iHir.!iv h.i\f .irnd\ril 
such broad nppositK'ii Ironi t!; 'lie 

community than the ucw McCa;.. . ;i'ii 

law. From every corner of the n.uioii an.i .ihri.-ul ,is well 
there has been a svvclhng crescendo .isking, urging, demand 
ing ihis l.iw with Its r.icist, restrictive provisions lie 
stricken Irom the statute biK>ks. In tact, so widespread was 
the protest, th,it this law became a primary issue during one 
svcek of the |?residential campign and candidates of both 
parties were ohhged to promise "changes" in it to do ass jv 
with IIS grosslv discnniiii.iinrv provisions 

President Truman's commission to mvrsiigate \\\e 
held hearings in manv p.iris of the counirv. Lverv con- 
ceivable organi/.ition added its soice to the avalanche of op- 
position. In (;hifag<-, some 2.; Jewish organizations were 
represented b\ the n.'H,! .i';.irne\, .Ma\ Swiren, who de- 
livered a powerful (iciniiKMiion ..! ihc l.iw on their behalf. 
.•\nd at the same hcuiiii;. is ,u heahngs in manv 
cities, Frotcst.ini .mil f,uii(.!i. niinissri^ ii.incd the chorus. 
Typical of the latter was the siatemciii liv ['aihcr Rasmmui 
T. Hosier, editoi of the Indima Cathohc RrrorJ. calling ihc 
act "an infamous law, it is a disgr.icc- ,1 cnnifinptihie law." 
No woniler that even Senator Richard N'lvn was obliged 
to say that he adv«3tcd "changes" in the law even thi>ugh 
he had votai to override Truman's veto of it. 

But now that ihc shounng is ipjicied, actions from I'resi- 
dcni-elcct Duight F,isrn!i..ucr .uu] \ k c I' .elect 
Richard Ni.xon will speik more arlkulatcK ii;in .ampaign 
phrases. The Negro jK-oplc, the Jewish poiplc, miiionts 
groups, the 14 inillion foreign Ikhii .uuI inillmns .ibrnai! 
want to know sshethcr Kiscnliosver was making cinipaign 
hay while the issue was hot— -or uheiher he husmess 
Cossibly never before has a presideni had such ,1 dccisne 
mandate fr(»m the jyoplc as in die case of ihis law. 

Some I'rovifions of the Late 

When the .McCarran-Walier law goes m'o eiTci ,.11 
I)eceml5er"24, M million foreign Iwrn rcsideius nf this >.,im 
irv suspect and liable to dcport.ition .n deii.uurali- 
/ation as the first .step toward their dcporl.itu.n. Neser he 
tore has one man, in this case the attorney, been 

.M.KC JO.MvS ,s asstkiaie secretary ot the .Xmerican Comimi 
lee tor Protection of Forri^'n Horn 

Dl(.i:mbhr, 1952 

By Alec Jones 

gi^eii such broad power over the life and limb of the for 
cigii liorn as by this law. The act leaves to the attorney's discretion the decision as to who is fit to become 

i,:i,'e:i. remain a citizen or be deponed. 

Hire are vime oi the provisions of this lavs-, jome of 
iliciij c.iiiied over trom previous laws. Non-iiti2u;ns. 14 
vears ami oier. arc forced to carry on their per.sons alien 
registtaiion c.irds under penalty of jail and fines, or both. 
.Ml non<itizcns who have not been finger-printed under 
provisions of the Alien Registration Act of ii^o must lub- 
init themselves to tinger printing. All non-citi7ens must re 
gistcf duiing the month of Januai7 with the attorney gen- 
eral on forms provided by him. In the event of changing 
an address, within ten days that change mast be notified by 
non-citi?ens with the attorney general just as if they were 
common criminals whose whereabouts mu« be known 
d.iily lest thc\' betray the public interest. A central organ 
i/aiu.n IS to be set up where the names of all n()n<itizent 
■lie to lie hied and the attorney general is to be notified 
whenever a mm-citizen is iMued a «>cial security card. 

Any non-ciii/en engaged in adivitv which the attorney 
giiieral. virtually at his own discretion, brands not in the 
best public interest, can be deported. Whereas previously 
.1 |>ersoi! would be allowed voluntanlv to leave the United 
Stales fni a counirv of his choice, now the attorney general 
iniisi decide uheiher it is in the best public intcrcit to de- 
poii .1 person to his countrv of origin or to allow him 
voliintar)U to depart to a counirv of his choice. 

Dartfipr to Naturalised Citiaetu 

While under the McCarran-Walttr law the three-million 
non<itizens in our country are thuj placed in a distinct 
class with virtuallv no right which the attorney general is 
Ivnind to respect, the status ,,f eleven million ntiuraJize,/ 
(iri/ens is now dangerously leopardi/ed. Here are vime of 
the ,!;saliili!,es wiih which the law burdens the naturalized 
citizen. He can lose dti/enship, as the first step toward de- 
portation, for refusing to testify before a congressional com- 
minee wuhm ten vears jfier gaining cin/enship Conceal 
mem ot ., •material fur' ,,r ihV time of becoming a citi/en 
IS alv. gruund lor rec^aiion of citi/enship. This is a vague, 
catch all provision that ^ives the attorney general practically 
unlimited powers over naturalized citizens. 

'I he case of Charles Tuteur most clearlv .Iramatizes 

Exhibit No. 125B 


what nijy happen lo naturahzed citizens. Mr. Tuteur was 
>;nppcd ol citizciiihip by the nazis in his native Gcrmaiiy 
in 193S anJ torccd to flee, leaving his aged mother LKhiiKi. 

I'his li)!iowcd a search ot his hoinc by the nazis during 
which ihcy IouikI three bcfoks which had been branded 
rc-rhotcn. Ihc Uh.U ^^cr: >'.7.v<> i^^ M -v »i.'--;! \urse, 
M'"C(in Knoiii No Tcji'. :i\ I.. l.iirc-;i:i.,: ;; m ; I .'.cUititr', 
by H. C;. Wells. 

TtxI.iv, ("harles 'liitiur faces lo^s ol his United ^ 
lisi/enship because at the time of ap[>lication for naiii; . 
tion he did not th.u he re.u! three piihlicuiims whivli 
the Dep.irttncnt of Iiislite h,n since declared icr'ottr. The 
publications, accordr-,.! ;.> ilic r^ charges. •'., \.,r 
SUs.«-!.rhcNeu \\-:l 1 \- . ,M.\\\\^ Peoples l\.. I: 
l?cc;iiise ho had failed to st.ite thar he read these |vi;iiua 
tinns, Mr. Tiiteur is .icciised of havinc concealed a "maie- 
riai fact" even though thi\ " i'.icr" did not iKVi.ine 
"materia!" until ve.irs ki'er. 

The process leadini; in .Irti irm .I'l/.iunri h.t» .lirc.idv Ik- 
liun in a numt>er nl i,i-ts. I.ijiies Lustig, international 
repre.ventative for ihc I'li^ud I'oclrical, Radio and M.ichine 
Workers, had denarurahzation proccecfi^ips inilia'.cd 
against him on similar srrounds, as well as Isaac .\. RoikIi, 
popular Yiddish writer, and John Steuben, editor of A/.j'./i 
oj Ijihor. A number of those j.ailed or indicted under ihc 
.Smith act arc lacing sitnilarlv threatened with dcn.itui.ii:,',! 
tion. It is quite obvious that the law is being used as another 
blackjack against [X)!iiical dissenters. 

.Wore "Deportation Delirium" 

The "deportation delirium" already prevailing for scvcr.d 
years will be accelerated under the new law. Up to now, 
more than 275 non-citizens have been arrested in dcporta 
tion proceedings fur [whtical beliefs once held or currentlv 
held, political beliefs the aiiorncv gcncial doesn't like. If 
these 275, among them tr.ade union, communuv, civic and 
traterna! leaders, today face deportation for holding ideas 
disliked by an attorney general, what is to prevent the ideas, 
organizations or assixiates of any non-citizen from being 
branded "subversive" at any future date and the person de- 
[jorted or denaturalized' No doubt the Justice Department 
has every intention of using this infamous law to the fullest 
to intimidate, harass and render silent .\mcrica's second 
largest minority, the foreign born. 

In the few months since the law passed — and before it be- 
came effective — thousands of naturalized citizens have been 
visited on their jobs, at home, or otherwise contacted by 
the Imigration and Naturalization Service on the pretext 
of either adjusting citizenship status or gaining informa- 
tion relative to status. This is purely an attempt to intimi- 
date naturalized citizens. For this service knows full well 
that once a person has become a citizen, it has absolutely 
no further jurisdiction over hirn. 

Citizens receiving such letters or being so contacted have 
l)cen advised to refuse to make any statements or sign any 

il(.cuiiitms based on su.h uijucsi.s. Onb too oficn it is not 
the ijuisiioned citizen .ibout whom information is sought 
[11;! ,',;.i:cr a friend, relative or co-worker. .\ statement ^n 
piacc one 111 the [losiiion, howc^cl unioiiscioiis. ci, iiuoming 
an informer. 

A by-pioiiuct i.f the law been iii inicusiiicd eiloit by 
die,,.- IXparlmeiit to denv bad 10 or to c.'mccl bail 
.'I iii:;!( u : of u(.i\ v.ii.'cns up for deportation. 1 lu'SC who 
■ deny bad to iiers<ii,s arrested in 
lor al!e'.:ej politn:ai beliefs, are 
liinlcr a (F-.ig;c ,le:;i^:-;, l.r. uheii ;!ir r:;;lii :■■ :),,:i been 
abolished for non-i u..-, ;;^. ;i;c ^^ ,_,.■ ^,:^ ^h;. :i I'luiiiv set 

I nity to Repeal the Late 

''• .*. . jhtrc nuisl Ix- a 

■11 ' us H) 1 W!>!esptead 

forces [ji.u opj'ose iht law. I'crliaps ihe l::st u. mpieheiisivc 
.n'empt to evaluate the jvist-clection situ.'.irii wuii regard 

10 die l.nv w!!! Ise the \ ■■ ' ' I), uiid the 

Rij;h;s.: r-,,;,,:;n Horn \ ;,eid m I>c- 

'.!<'■.< nn Dc.fiuiitr n -iir' ' '• ' ■ i ihe .luspices 

I.! ihe .\mtiKan Comniiitoc ior I'liiictiuii oi Foreign Born. 
lliis ccMiicience can serve a-: a veiiicle for the consolidation 
..f ninuiitin.; proies! acainsr ihe law. It wii! .ilso lake steps 
to ensure that persons Msiimi/cd by the iaw .irr protected. 

Dm all organizations in one. way or another can do their 
share toward removing this law. One imjxiriant step in this 
direeiion was an .\meriean Jewish Congress |r>inr meeting 
fi! the extculive and aciniiiiisiiaiivc sotnmuiees ,in \o\,iti- 
licr :. M this mcrnng IVesuicnt Dr. hrnci Goldsiein pro- 
[>oscd four neccssarv rev.sions of the law: "elimination t>f 
the national origins epnaa system, reform of the dcfxirtaiion 
system tei permit expulsion only of persons nhose entry was 
obnined by fraudulent or illegal means, elimination of all 
elisiinctions between native born and naturalized citizens 
.ind guarantees that all persons subieci to the immigration 
laus will get an opp<:>rtunity for fair hearing and review" 
(W/i Yurl^ Times, October to). 

Despite <lilferences of view, maximum unity in the hght 
airainst the law should be the objective of all organizations 
arraved against it. 

Ellis Island as Concentration Camp 

T^HE campign of the Justice Department to violate 
•■■ the elcmcniary right to bail pending appeal is being 
intensiflt-d under the stimulus of the McCarran-Walter 
hu-. On NoM-r.ilier 17, the hail ot eijjhi mm citi/!cris 
«,!S cancelled and they arc now detained at Ellis Island. 
The eight are Milgrom, Paul Yuditch, Jack Schnei- 
der, .Andrew Drnytryshin. Frank Bench, Michael Nukk, 
[oseph Simonif? and Harry Yaris. 
Protests should go to the Justice Department. 


Jewish Life 



?age 8 

Exhibit No. 126 
DaiW ▼orkrr, New Yori. Mon<<«T. Wehrumrj 1%, I^Sf 

Demand Bail lor Sam Mllgrom 

Repeal the Racist Walter McCarran Act 

The rase of Sam Wilgrom, E\ 
eculive Secretary of ijie Inler 
national Worken Order, Is a 
vi*id expression of the Walter- 
MrCarran Art in operation. 
Milgrom i« fallou"*ly denied 
hail de>pile hi« serious Illness 
and the fart that he i« preseiit- 
\r hospitalized. This ia an art 
of political prosecution for 
MiUrom's leadership in the 
interests of lahor and the peo- 
ple for the past .^0 years. 

Come to the 

Tuesday, Feb. 24-8 P.M. 

CENTRAL PLAZA, 1 11 2d Ave. (nr. 7fh St) 

Speakers: AlWrt E. Kalin, Famous Author and Lj*' 
lurer; Ruhin Saltznian, (;*n. Secy., Jewish People* 
Fraternal Order; Alec Jones, Asst. Nat. ^^T' 
(.onitn. for ProteclJon of Foreign Born 

AitMpirrtt Committer for th« Freedom of Sam Mugrotn 

Exhibit No. 127 



CONFEIENCE HEADQUHIEIIS: Suiti 101 2} West 2 6tli Str 

February 27. 1954 
Yuioslav-American Home 
405 W. 41st Street 
New York, H. Y. 

* Un \t, N. r. • MUrny Nil! 4-34SI 

Jacuary 21, 1954 

Co Cll<>.r<x«n 



«iec JONES 

Dear Frl end : 



0' W t a Cv«o.i 

'«o* Roto 

Vtcki Gofvin '■'*r*. '- v<. 

Jwno Gordon 

Mofry GoHliob 
» AbAOf Croofl »• * ; y 

Da»<j Gfonn 

Dt talpK H Gundloch '^ /'f>'^ 

to^rt Gwathmoy 

IUt ChoMor E Modsion 

Loo r Hurwifl 
' Albofl E Kahx 

Sidnorr Lotffmon 

•or U- - »/-''V^ ? '-'->. 

Ro¥. RicKord Mo'^ord ^■•' * 

Jeaoph C. Novorro 

Ctwflo* Nomoroff 

Albort PotioH 

>Vt!liQm L Ponorton.. 

Ro«o Ruuoll /-**'' 
' loon STrowu * 

Aroowd Uuoou - 

Honry W'.Ico 

M.lfon WoH 


Vte enclose a C3II for the Nev Yoik Conference tc 
Repeal tJie Waltor-McCarrnn Law and Defend Its Vlctias . 

The Walter -McC err an .'>aw has been crltlclrod general- 
ly for havinc underaitnei tie presti^-e -f the United States 
abroBxi. ilere at t .si: it has wreaked fear and Intlmldatl an In 
cumnunlties where fjreltjj b.rn reside. 

Tc date, nt-re than }0. persons have been arrested In 
deprtatlon prcceedings and a^re than 1*5 in denaturalization 
pr ceedings f r alle^jed political beliefs under Waltar-ffcCarran 
Law pr visions. In New Y^rk State, there are more than 50 
'.... P«rs.ns wh-, have fallen victim t.. this Law aivl the Attomery 
'" Genernl has publicly stated that nationally there are to be 
lv,OOC denaturclizatijns and 12,000 de?crtatl:)ns under the Law. 

-■' >^> /!"-■•' 

!.i^f •--■• ^•i' Thirty-two members of Confess, reco^izlng the broad 
anta/jonlsm cf the •"morican people to the Walter-McCarran Law, 
have introduced the Leliaan-Celler Bill as a W>ilter-NfcCwran Law 
repealer. However, 1 Centres sional pact ha.s been revealed 
which plins tc ktU In Ccranittee the Lehman- Ce 11 er Bill and all 
let^iKlati::n seeklz-^ t.i m.-ydify or repeal the Walter-McCarran Law. 

The purpose cf the New York Conference will be to 
seek methods tc win public hearing jn the Lehaan-Celler Bill 
r //»s the first step t ward repealinc the Walter-.McCarran Law and 
I ^ at the same tine assure that all persons faced with proceedings 
" - be assured adequate defense. 

Wb urge that ycu make plans to attend the Conference 
and secure participation from jr^janizatictis with which you are 
affiliated. Ma w: uld also like to call y:iur special attention 
t, the C .nf erence Bajriquet which is tc be held at 7:00 P.M., Sat- 
urday', February- 27, 195^, at the Yucoslav-American Hall. 

For your convenience in aaklnG Banquet reservations, 
there is a section of the Cell devoted to Advance Recistrati on. 

Locklna forward to seeing you at the Conference and 
Bftnquet, we are 

Sincerely yours, 

•-■//■ ...^ Q..— 

Prof. Ephralm Cross 

ftui/i2e3 0^..^^>.-~rr' ^ f i^*-~o^^j>~' 

i-V^ Er. Clwnentina Paolone 


Exhibit No. 128A 


23 WMt 2Mt St. • Htm Yw« K), K Y. • Mttnay H<l 4 3451 




D*. O w lfc | li m tfw 

Or. W. i. t. »tlll 

0*. J«M0^ ImMa 

0>. inn* >. htnt 

Hvry OaMMlT' 

Pr W. A. NotMm 

Or. (Mki«T C J« 

A. t.Ma«il 

Ma frvio 


HXS' 19, I^SS 

SMir 7rl«adt 

tfo waat 10 &«Bk f©u,f«r (feltei^as;,-^* .S-Sif Aj^ SMM in 
imttam of %b« Ar<«tices CG^tt®« fgr Frotec%4«i of ForvLga Sonu 

As «« All kaow, our neirk r«all^ be^as itXTZl tlie aeetioe. 
fh«t la «by M ar« jwi^ini $M.« out «s you I»am. fe ask your 
iMlp la ihTM wajrci 

1. nil tHs p«titiea •mlo«i& la order th&i adai- 
tloaol foade asy W aocot^d to astlat tba istor- 
caa C«n8itt««. 

2. nil oat ttui little yellow ca-rt anA Weoste a 
«7S7AIB^ of the Ie« Toik e«scdttM. Tow $1 

eacb atonth i>ill halp m»ma.m th»t osr woiic goee 

3. aemsalMr the date - Jl^Y 1-0 - that' s the date 
of 9vr firet AswukI Festival aai. Flenf:* 'Sha 
tturo««»e^ telle y&x wben sad «^«a. ^t let ue 
kao« If rou or jnoar orgaalsatloa ess use sore 
ttirowas^fl or leaflets to hmlp p^llcise thm 
plealc. Aleo order tickets to eell la jrour 
•hop, cltis or gre^. 

Uee the poatege-frae retura eiwelop® to awod 'back ycur 
filled petitions, StJS'llL&I HSB card or to order pie&ie tickets, 
leafleta or throvasra^'St 

Tharicinc jrou a«ala for you partlelpatloa la tHa E&LU and 
lOfdclBC foritmrd to bearing froa you, I em 

Slaeerely jreia's. 


Aleo Jonas ] 
Bxaeatifa S«er«taT7 

Exhibit No. 128B 


POi i»tOTieTION 

23 Wmi 2^ S», • Hsw Verl 10, 




;,>artia» Itof} 


% 5SPot«rt the ^astlee Departawat ' s attae^ to deetroj the 

ite«rios» CoM8it*»« for Brot«otioB csf for@l@Ei tons as ««n attscic on 
itn lilssrtles of the forei^ bom satjd ttoe ri^ts of all Assericejia . 
Ito support tk# profrsB of th« Aaerican C<SKBitt®e for repeal of ths 
Ssltwr-MeGarrra Las.' Mb emmm&.- the Aawrlsaaa C<amltte« for Its . 
23 year* of work la defwjse of tb« Stll of Sl#>t« m»d, ^rtioularljf, 
1-to* mrrmcA worlr to ftsf^ti sKsr® thae 35© ttai-«it,is%rss tbr«at«n«d 
irith deportation snd 70 iasericaii icitixeia thr«at«iuKvitli revocation 
of their clt^awashlp ots political ^ovaida. Ijb vi«* of its outataM- 
Isg work, w® 8<»trttete to the 4Bf«»»« of tlap AK»rican Coaaaittee 
for lyot^ctic^ of Fo^aigrs Bern. 




«............,..........?,,. . 


k. .,...„., ., 


6.. , 





Coll9ct®d ly..... ..TOTAL $' 

f'tmk #«« 

H««s« rrfeora to 





Exhibit No. 129 



The Story Behind fhe Story 

Read the 5tor\' to the rigbt. It is an account of 
vhv 14 nofKitizcns are diallengiag the Siipa:- 
Yisory Parole conditions of the Walter-McCairan 

What the clipping does not tell is that non- 
citizens forced to live up to the letter of the Law 
can be forced to become stooi-pigeons against 
friends, relatives, shop-mates and associates. 

Read the underlificd paragraph, lliat is the 
key. Yes, tiie 14 non-citizens do consider the con- 
ditions of Supervisor) Parole an infrin^mcrit on 
their constitutional guarantees. Where is their 
right to free speech; frecdocn of asscnabiy; free- 
dom of association.!* What ri^ts do tiiey have if 
an agent of the justice Department can query 
them relative to habits, associations, force them 
to report regularly and di.8clo»c thck lubits.'* 
f Those are POLIOE-STATC regulations whkh 
have no place on the statute books of a land which 
considers itself a democracy. The 14 are challeng- 
ing these provisions in thek own behail and in 
befialf of the thousands of otiiet non-citizens who 
might later be placed on Supervisory Paroia. 

Nb aiL^^ ' "^. Jen. ai » ** *•«• »». r... 


Five thousand dollars is needed immediateiy »f thss case is 
to be actually heard bv the highest Court of the land. The New 
York Committee for Protection of Foreign Bom calls upon you 
to make this possible. Hcip preserve our dcmtKratic rights Help 
defend the Rights of the foragn born iujd remember: 

Polic«-Sfaf« tonditktm tknaimn tha f%fcf» mf'afi Amm-kam, 
aativ born a» w»H as tonign bora. 

Support thi* choNmngm a^ofntt tim WoHm'MtCmmm low. 

Hepoal thn Waftar-McCarran low. 

WW Yo« c<cm»fmt k>* 
nottaiOH Of KjtfiGN KjiiN 

(3 f^*Bim iui*p -WW iniixfmni «j your ca 
M^eCmrwi Um and ramfMiifn iw f»jp*«l . 


Exhibit No. 130 

U fOR 


FOR PROTECTION i^«\^ K B fc B #^ ^ * 

OF FOREIGN BORN ^/f^mM 23 West 26th St. . New York 10, NY.- MUrray Hill 4-3458 


^"^ 'uy.Gy) BY 10 :'0'j_ciTiz::::s 

Polic&» state Supervisory Ihrole provisions of the V/alter-:loCarran Lavf recaived 
another court challeni;e today as Federal District Judee Ryan signed an order tarapora- 
rily restrainlr-G the Justice Departi.ient fron ordering 10 non-citizens to report to 
Ellis Island or be interrocatod relative to their activities, it \vas announced today 
by the Mev; York Coi.mittee for Protection Ox Foreiyi Bom. 

nie 10 involved in the action and temporarily released froii having to report 
at Ellis Island vraekly or answer questions as to associations and activities are: 
Prank Borioh, Bessie Ceiser, Ida Gottestian, ?eli:: Imsnan, Rose "Ilelson, liichael l-fulck, 
Benjamin Saltzinan, Joseph Siainoff , Anna Taffier, and i'-artin Young. All vrere 
represented by attorneys Blanch Treedjnan and Gloria Agrin. 

Judge Ryans' action follo\7ed by one -./eo;; a similar challeneo initiated in the 
case of Boris Sklar t^io itoa a temporary release from all Supervisory Parole 

Alec Jones, Hew York Co.'nidttee for Protection of Foreign Born executive 
secretary, heralded the action and declared: 

"Perhaps one of the most inhuman and vicious aspects of the V/alter-lIcCarran 
Lavf is that section iJAposinc; Supervisory Parole on non-citizens. 

"Here we find in cold, hard, legal laiiguace that uon-citizons tiiom the 
Justice Dei-artment cannot deport since they are stateless, are to be forced to 
becorao stool-piceons and inforniers or else be sent to jail. 

"But this section provides also that non-citizens v*io stendfastly refuse to 
Give information as to friends, rolativos and associates can actually be forced to 
submit to Eiedical and psychiatric examination at the behest of the Justice Department. 

"In many eases persons were unable to ;:et or keep ei.iployuent because the 
Justice Department insisted on vieekly rsiiorts to Ellis Island during worldng hours. 

To date 14 non-citizens liave chc;llenged Supervisory Parole conditions. There 
remain over 20 persons in Nev; York arrested in l.'alter-UoCarran law deportation pofo- 
ceedings for alleged political beliefs who still are subject to Parole conditions. 

Mr. Jones declared that the New York Caaiittee for Protection of Foreign Bom 

resards Supervisory Parole conditions as undemocratic and in flagrant violation of 

the Constitution and is prepared to chellenge this section of the Ualter-UcCaiTan Lai; 

up to the United States Supreme Court if necessary. 



8o33.-? O— 57— pt. 2 17 


Exhibit No. 131A 

No 5 MAY 1952 25 


1952 25c mg 


Exhibit No. 131B 


JOSEPH CHILDS, vice president of the 
of the CIO Un;t:d Rubber Workers, 
ind Qeniatnin C. Sigal, lUECIO gen- 
eral counsel, v.-ere appointed by Presi- 
dent Truman as labor m^^nbers of the 
W^ge Slabiliiation Board. They suc- 
ceed John Livingston of the UAWCIO 
and Joseph A. Beirne of the CIO Com- 
munications Workers. . . 

JACOB S. POTOFSKY, president of the 
CIO AmalgKnated Clotning Workers, 
resigned as a director of the New York 
City Center in protest against the sched- 
uled appearance in Franco Spain of 
the New York City Ballet company. . . 

DR. FRED D. MOTT, nitdical director 
of the hospital projects of the United 
Mine Workers Welfare Fund, announced 
that sites have been purchased for 
nearly all the 10 new hospitals planned 
by the Fund. . . 

PATRICIA BUTLER, of the New York 
World-Telegram & Sun, was Queen of 
the annual Page One Ball of the New 
York Newspaper Guild (CIO). 

STANLEY W. EARL, who made head- 
lines across the country when he re- 
signed from the Economic Cooperation 
Administration after sharp differences 
over policies in Korea, where he was 
a labor adviser, is a candidate for 
City Council in Portland, Ore. . . . 

VINCENT HALLINAN, Progressive Par- 
ty candidate for President, and presi- 
dent of the MARCH OF LABOR cor- 
poration, began to serve a six-month 
prison sentence, arising out of con- 
tempt-of-court charges during the trial 
of Harry Bridset. . . 

SAM PARKS, leader of the Chicago Ne- 
gro Labor Council, was in an automo- 
bile accident. Fortunately, he suffered 
no severe injuries. . - 

PAUL BOATIN, Ed Locke, Nelson Da- 
vis, Dave Moor* and John Gallo, the 
five building officers in UAW's Ford 
Lotal too who were removed by Walter 
Rauther, have returned to their iebs 
in the buildings where they worked for 
many yctrt. . . 

National Cu 


r^v ALKC .lON'KS 

ONE WEEK in October. inSO. the pn 
vacy of 48 American homes «a.>- mvatlod 
In many of Ihcm. the pro dawn quicl via.s 
ruilely shattered by piercing and in 
histcnt flimrbell rinijing bclvvcen the 
hours of midnight and 4 am. 

.Men and women stumbled sleepily 
to their front doors They were greeted 
by flashing badges and the curt slate 
ment. "You're under arrest' " 

In scenes reminiscent of the m 
l^.mous I'almer Raids after World War 
1 these 48 people were rounded up un- 
der provisions of the McCarran .\ct, 
uhich had become law (over a Presi 
dential veto) one month before 

Who were these men and women 
and what had they done, that they had 
to be subjected to midnight raids 
smacking of Nazi Gestapo tactics. 

All of them had one thing in com- 
mon They were born in a country oth- 


VI Ihan the I'nited .Stales. They came 
here at an early age and had not suc- 
ceeded, despite all their efforLs. in 
achieving American citizenship. 

They had something else in common 
.Ml. in one way or annther, had taken 
part in group efforts to make this a 
liptter country to live in 

Many of them had inc.l lu improve 
conditions by organi/in:^ the unnrgan 
ued. leading consumer protest.s and bth 
nus and hunger marches, and fighting 
,Jim trow and anti Semitism 

But the chief contribution of the 
great majority of them was long and 
arduous years of work to build the 
strength of the trade union movement. 

Grandmothers, grandtatners. work- 
ers and trade union leaders, their 
•crime" was holding to their principles. 

Many who were dragged off to lo- 
cal jails during the McCarran raids os- 
m'arch of labor 


Exhibit No. 13 IC 

Union Building Is Their 'Crime' 

I. rwil.h l.ii Ih.u l)clli't~. ucii- 
;ii'iiially Ihmiii; iHTMvnilnl fur piiNl <ii 
|iH-.rnI Irailr iinioii ;irltvily Incluilril 
.inxint: lhi>M' niTr^li-it :in<l held Imm 
ri»;hl ilavs i<> MN miiiilhs uithnul hull 
pt'iulinu (li'piMlJlion proceedings wore: 
Myer Khu and .laek Schneider, of 
\e» Viirk. leaclers of the Infl Kiir & 
Ix-alher Workers Inion. Krnesto Man 
>;.iiiani; ami rhrrs Mi'nsalvos. business 
a»:enl and piesideni of Local 37. Alas 
ka Tannery Workers I'nion, Il.Wr, Ker 
dinand Sniilh. former national serre 
lary of ihe National Maritime f'nion. 
»ho «as later to seek refujie abroad 
to continue his uork on b<half of the 
Worlil Koderatioii of IVade I'ninns: An 
tonia .Sontncr. wife of t'K orcani/er 
Kill Senlner. arrested and held as host 
a:;e for her husband, a niililani union 
leader. Peter Warhol. < 1(1 Woodwork 
crs. known throu!;h<«il Minnesota for 
his sincerity, honesty and militancy m 
or^anuini; the unor;:aiii/ed and so 

the list runs. 

The Flimsiest Charges 

Many had hccn harassctl. arre-.tei!. 
l-i.iii«hl up loi- deportation heaiums 
o\er a lony period .\nd how flimsy the 
charts can be. when thry really i;.. 
alier a union man. is shown in the car 
fit .loc WebiM 

MClicr today faces deportation i" 
^'u^osla\ la .-X union man since he was 
i;t he organized Harlan County 
miners. New .lersey auto workers, .Akron 
luhbcr workers. In I!>3S». the CIO as 
ML'ned .IcM- to Chicago, and there he 
iilaved a leadinK role in ori;ani/ini; steel 
kers and farm oriuipment wnrkeis 

What's Ihe charge aiiainst him' II 
oi-al entry' On the way 'o a national 
(III cimvenlion in San Francisco. .loe 
sp<-nt four hours in Mexico, Uecausp of 
this hairline technicality .loe Webei, 
who came here at the aije of nine and 
has de\olrd his life to the cause of lh<- 
■•orkini; [loople, faces dep<irtation. Be 
hind the technicalily is union hiistin;! 
fieparlment of .liislice stylo 

With Ihe Mr( arran law as its spe- 
r:ally lubricated vehicle, Ihe .lust ice He- 
parfiient was issuinc warning of a new 
anti labor cimmick llavine tried every; else red hailini;. frameups. stool 
p.ceons. yonns to split and weaken the 
procrossivp section of the trade union 

ALEC JONES, forn^erly i labor 
newspaperman in the Midwest, is 
Assistant Secretary of the Ameri- 
can Committee for Protection of 
the Foreign Born. 

movemeiil. it i» cnoiiniiinK lo do the 
bosses work with Ibis new Kii'mn"!* 
jail lor indefinite periods pendini.: de 
piutation pinccedinHs, 

Throuijb this drive a(;aiii>l ;i.;iw;ii 
/,en trade iinionrsts, the aim i- to i>i" 
ceed frimi deportinn nun citizens for 
their alleged political b<'lief.s lo Ihe de 
naturalization and depoi i.iIh.ii of nac 
uralizcd citizens, and tin n 'o i !i, ,i ; c.mi 
ma of all worki'rs 

The Justice Dt'partmenl lias already 
declared lis intent lo arrest and de 
port :t,4lHJ noncitizcns under provisions 
of the McCarran l.n^. .md M cl,n.i!0ial 
ize 1,.">0() persons ,i- !hr iii-l irj' lo 
w.ird their deport, ilioii 

Denaturalization proceedings have 
already l)cen started ayainsl some I.i 
citizens amoni! them .lames I.usliK, CK 
oi;;anizir and chairman of the union's 
Dislrici 4 rhe charges against hiin al 
lei;c ih.H he falsely denied ever havinn 
her,') ,1 iiic-ubei of the Commiinisl p.irly 
v. hill he- applied for naliirali/:iiion p^i 
pels This harassnicnl (d I.usIil; is p;irl 
ol Ihe whole onslaiii;hl ayain-t Ihe 1 i; 
inounled by the I'n Am.ricii CmnMi 
lee .m.l CIO raiders, mih tin i.i.'i.i 
Dep.Hiiiu'nt rumun;; inii'i Iciinw 

rhr lo.uled pres>ripl,..ii :,,,,., hni;:' 


I.ilion lor thi' naliiialized (iii/eii, anri 
uiUhbiitUs and eoiiienlr.inoii camps 
(likewise under the McCarran law i for 
.American born workers 

Attempt to Bust Local 

To see the ullim.ile purpose he 
himl Ihe present drive a.siinsi loiei-n 
liorfl workers, one neiul only loi.k al 
wh,il Ihe .luslice Deparlmriil has Iriid 
lo do I., Cannery Woikei. C.iai :)7 of 
Ihe Ion l,on;;shoicini'ns f^ W.i: ehoii e 
mens union Wilhm two yrai v ihe ,lii~ 
IKC Department has arrested its presi 
dent and bu.sincss agent, jailed other 
members and officers illegally for 
months, interfered with contract ne- 
Kotiations. and harassed hundreds of 
members lryin« to brilie them to l>e 

Today, nine leaders and members 
of this local face deportation lo Ihe 
Philippines because they refu.scd to 
capitulate .\nd back W it all is the 
itch of the cannery bosses to bust I.o 
r:il .f? and gel back to the days of '33. 
when hours were 12 or more a day. 
wai;es S30 a month or less, and a union 
birini; hall was unheard of 

Rut they didn't succeed in busting 
l.ical 37 The membership hasn't bud 

1 » s } 

we>l an inch Tlu'yve been inlouned of 
their riKhls. are standin;,: up loi thi'in 
and rejectinK this union bust ini,; 
Department of Ju.stice style 

This clear cut collusion between the 
Ijosses and the .luslice Deparlmeiil is 
epitomized by the treaimenl aiiorded 
Mexican .Americans Hecenlly Ihe Imuu 
j;ralion and Naturalization Service re 
ipiesled a special Congressional a|>pro 
pnalion to deport 43,t>(K) Mexican 
AiiuTicans in May and June 

IHiMMj: harwst lime in the South 
w(~i. ,1 jiiiid border is maintained be- 
tween .Mexico and the I' S to provide 
labor at sub-union rales for bii;' farm 
o[)crators When they have served this 
purpose, these workers are rounded up 
by the thousands and deported far into 
the inlpnor of .Mexico— regardless of 
family lies or citizenship status 

Many Unions Under Fire 

V.I')] ,aicl women unionists cjuahl 
up in I lie 1.1! lUiiiK draynel come Ironi 
,\K1„ cin an.) independent unions- - 
from locals of Packini;, Kur & Leather. 
I,.in-wi.M. n-; Auto. Woodworkers. Of 
I lirinical. .Maritime. Steel, 

I Shoe, reamstcrs. Mine- 

M :.,n. Machinists, ILGWU 

,1' unions. 

: this, too lew unions 
h,n!' rci(i;:in/r.l Ihe attack on their for- 
eiiin born niemfiers as an attack on the 
iinum Itself, and loo few have oraan- 
izcd to ward off Ihis blow, 

Ihe brunt of defense work has 
tieen borne by the .American Committee 
for Protection of KnreisnBorn in New 
York, with coopcratinK offices in Cleve- 
land, Detroit. Chicaun, .Seattle. San 
I'l.incisco and Los .\nt,'eU's 

Anioni; Ihe first union- lo set up 
,1 r'.mMiilicc !o defend the riuhts of 
t 'M : n l-.i; ;i members was Ford Local 
lioii ,,i II,, CAW CIO -before Walter 
Kemher moved in to take over Ihe I.o- 
cal, MineMill, Fur & Leather. TE and 
other unions are moving forward in 
this field With trade union conferences 
planneil for early sprint! in Chicago. 
Cleveland, Detroit and the West 'oast, 
the hall has Ix-gun to roll 

Climaxini; such meeliniis around 
the natum will be a trade union con- 
ference in New York City on June 7, 
It wdl deal not only with Ihe threat to 
non citizen unionists but also wih the 
threat to the unions themselves, 

RumblinKs of far fluns protest are 
being heard, and there is a yrowin^ de- 
termination in union ranks that Ihe 
McCarran and Smith ads. twin weapons 
of union repression, must be repealed 



Exhibit No. 132 
February 20, 1953, p. 5 



Lauds su(>pleiiieRt 

Th« American Ct^&Buttee for 
Pi«tectien of Foreign Bom 
wi^es to congratulate The 
Daily Peof^'a World for the 
spk>n<lid broadmde it publiidied 
baling with the WaJter-McCar- 
rajn Law. There can be do 
doubt tbat it will be an elec- 
tive f»ece of HteratioY in tiie 
campaign for this law's r^}^L 

The American Committee 
would appreciate ytmr forward- 
ing us 100 copies of tiie broa^ 
side in order that we may send 
them to, our ^x>p»^ting ^te- 
fense comraitt^s throughout 
the nati<m, urging them to pur- 
chase copies directly from you. 
Alec JeMs, M. Y. 



Exhibit No. 133 

P«ll,» ▼orVfr. Nfw York, TTiuntliT, TrkruarT 2S, l')';4 

Page 5 

Conference Saturday Will Map 
Fight on Walter-McCarran Law 


W hen the New York Conference 
to Hcp»-;il the Waller-McCarranl 
l-iw and Delerui lis Victims c«)n-| 
\futi at Vugosbv American Hall,! 
thi^ SatiiriJav. it will have as its| 
outlook support of the denvaiKis 
for piihhc hearings on the Leh- 
MKin Oiler Bill as a first step to 
ward \\'jlter-McCarran IJw fe-j 
peal and defense of the 60 Wal-j 
lerNWanun Law victims 
New York State. 

Ihe nee<l for the New Yoik] 
TonJcrence and its program imh 
l)e seen in the Jnstic-e Departments 
rontmiied use of the \Valter-Mc-, 
f'arrau to intimidate and rob| 
tlie foreign-born of their rights. 

On Feb. 9, the Jastice Depart-, 
menl inslitnteil Walfer-McCarranl 
1-iw denaturalization proceedmgsl 
against Sol .Mmazov Pearl, author,! 
writer ana staff member of flief 
lewish dailv ".Morning Freilieit." 
Ainiazov. as he is known through- 
out the I'liiled States and a good- 
portion of the workl, thus be-, 
cinie the Ktth denaturalizationl 
\i<tim in .New York State and the! 
fifth a<.sociale of the ".NJomingj 
Freiheit" to face threat of dcna-l 
turah/ation or ileportation. 

Support for the I^ehman-rellerj 
Bill gro«s as the demand for puh 
he hearings on it echo. Thus Bill i 
if en.icle<l would not onlv profertj 
the citi/en-.hip of • naturalized citi- 
zens hut decree anv person 
entering this nation before a 14tli 
l.irthd.iv could not be <leportc(! 
f he h;is hvetl in the I'liitctl, s 

The Justice Dep.ulmcht is („]]; 

|aw.ire of the public senlmie;,! !.; 

[iiiing action on the ( ^ll(: 

I Hill. \i-t tixlav, it persists in har 

lapsing noiicilveiis ami ii.iturli/ctl 
citizens and fl,e lamilies «ik!| 

I friends of I lie foicipi horn. 

F(«ir lion nli/fiis-all who h.ivpj 

|reside<i jn this c.mntry over 2o( 
Ivears- languish in piisons deniedl 
I their basic right to bail simply be 
I cause the Ju.stice Department 

<lei Kcd they are to be deporte<l 
JNKk Tserroegas has been held on 
JEIIi» Island »incc Feb. 3. iiul 

broliK-r Steve, is kxlged in Cxikf 
fCoimtv jail m f:hicugo, Illinois 
land has b."en heW there since 
I Dec. 9. )933. Both Nick and Steve | 
JTsennegas are well known aati- 
I fascists. 

Also held on Ellis Iskimi, denietil 
I bail, is Boris Skar, a member ofl 
I the e<litohal staff of "Russky-Gol- 
|os Russian dailv tiesvspaper. 

ISklar has been held sinc« Sent 
'"1, 1953- 

In the East Boston Denfentionl 
I Center, Ciacomo Quattrone fightsl 
I his deportation to his native Ifalvf 
[after 48 years in the United States. 
Nil and in nee<l of medical atten- 
tion, he has been held witliou! 
[bail for 14 months. 

Uliile these mav be consider* tiL 

glaring example* of tlie 

Jcharacter of the Walter-.McCairan 

■ Law, they are but four. A virtual 

■ house arrest" haj been decreed 
I for all jion-<:itiiens whom th« 

J.<nd \ilio are 'free" on Ualter- 
■McCarran Law superyisorv pa- 
ll role. "^ 

0\er 325 non-citizens have a I- 

; ready been arrested in deporfa- 

jtion proceedings because of alleg- 

ed political beliefs. Thev are all 

i>er5ons whose lives have been 

spent <iuietly and determinedlv 

! participating in the buildmg of thit 

; country's .labor and 

j A ft w years ago, these verv in- 

|divKiuals svere being praised and 

llaudcil for thetr contributions to 

Ithe uar effort and their records 

lof sei\ice in the armed forces. 

I Today, thev face banishment to 

Ixtrange lands where thev have no 

I lies or friends. 

The New York Conference calls 
lupon aU New York State residents 
I concerned with protecting thfl 
Ifuiidament tenets of this land 
Iwhich are embodied in the Bill of 
I Rights to participate in the delib- 
|eration$ Saturday. 

The Conference proi)er will 
htart with registration at 9.(X) 
la.m. and at TOO p.m. there will 
|t>e a Banquet to close the Confer- 
leme. Registration for the Conier- 
Icncf is $1,00 and Bamjuet res<r- 
I \. it ions mav be had at $3.50 each. 

f 'T further information regaid- 
"iR the Conference or Banquet 
\ations, write New York Con- 
l'i>'.cc. Suite 101. 23 West 26 
Stn< f. New York 10. NY. or tele- 
i'l«'"^ MU 4-3458. 


Exhibit No. 134 



By Alec Jones 

/^N December lo, two days before the convening in 
^■^ Chicago of the National Conference to Rei'>e.!! the 
McCarran-Walter Law and to [defend lis Victims, agents 
of the justice Department staged a raid on tli.u ^i-.\'s ( ricrk 
Cultural Center and arrested Steve Tserrrn 
tation proceedings and held him without ba, . 
raid was preceded by blasts jgamst the ^wiilcrciiLL- :ii tlu 
Hearst press. It was an obMuus aitcin[it t.i stumiLuc fear 
and hysteria m order to discourage partuipatinn in the n.i 
tiona! contcrcncc, which was held utnitr ju^jn^rs I'l 'h 
American Committee for Protection of Foreign Born. 

This organization has for 21 years h\cd up to its title 
and hence has been in the advaiKc guaiJ of resistance to 
the attempt to limit and even destroy the Bill of Right' 
through the opening wedge of an assault on the foreign 
born. It is not therefore surprising that the attempt at inti 
midation against this staunch organization failed. Rather, 
It pointed up the vtry dangers against whiclf the conference 
had been called and galvanized the determination of 321 
representatives from 15 states to redouble their efforts to- 
ward repeal of the racist McCarran-Walter law and to 
further the campaign for public hearings on the Lehman- 
Celler bill as a first step towards that end. 

The delegates demanded in resolution form that the at- 
torney general "stay all proceedings now pending or 10 be 
initiated under the McCarran-Walter law" until Congress 
has had the opportunity to consider the Lehman-CcUcr bill 
providing for its repeal. 

Enthusiasm of the delegates was reflected in the rousing, 
standing ovation with which American Committee otTicers 
for 1954 were elected: Rt. Rev. .Arthur \V. Moulton, Prof. 
Louise Pettibone Smith, honorary ccxhairmen; Rev. Ken- 
neth Ripley Forbes, George B. Murphy, Jr., co<hairmen; 
.A.bner Green, executive secretary; Charles .Musil, ircisurcr. 

The determination and scope of the gathering was seen 
m deliberations of five panels: labor, women, legal prob- 
lems, deportation of Mexican-.\mericans and national 
group. The reports from these panels to the conference 
pro[icr reflected a unanimity of perspective to assure repeal 
of the McC^jirran-Wakcr law and that not one pcf-nn vk 
timized by it would be without adcqu.itc defense. 

Deeply concerned with the Justice Department effort 
to force the American 0)mroittec to register as a "Cfjm- 
munist-front" organization with the Subversive .Xvtivities 
Ointrol Board, the delegates resolved: 

• to defend to the limit the right of the .\merican Com- 
mittee to carry on its work. 

• designate March i()^ as Defend ACPFB Month. 

• to raise $5,000 by April i, 1954 for the defense of the 

.\mcri-.jn Cumiiiittct .md lt>r its work in defense of for- 

bail to those 

ist vlistrtmina- 

ition and 

S (iii 



^r":i-h: ,, ,si.„,,,, ^.1 ,.,>>.; .,1.1 ...-u .■tii.ifc ui^ ouUcrence re- 
..(: ^ the utterly inhuman trcjirnent accorded Mcxican- 
\:i- K .ip,s m the Si.iithviest. Four hundred and eighty 
thousand MexKan-.\mencans were deported in the first six 
months oi 11,5 ^. In the conference city of Chicago, immi 
gration olhcials boast of 21x1 to 400 deportations weekly. 

Willie the conference joined with all organizations seek- 
ing to win pubhc hearings on the l^hman-Celler bill, it 
also adopted several proposals for amendments to the bill. 

.Adopting a six-pomt program of action, the delegates 
voted to: 

1. Make the deportation cases of David Hyun, Koreao- 
born architect and Giacomo Quattrone, charged with "afii 
liaiKii with the Communist Party." two ma|or cases with 
lull national participation. 

2. To give special attention to the denaturalization pro- 
ceedings pending against Stanley Nowak, former Michigan 
state senator; John Steuben, editor of March of Labor; Paul 
Novick, editor o! the Morning h'rnhnt. Rose Chernin, ex 
ecutive secretary of the Los .Angeles Committee for Protec 
tion of Foreign Born. 

3. To \sin freedom on bail for Steve Tsermengas held 
in t;hicago; FeLix Rusman, Boris Sklar and Herman 
Nixon, who are ay held on F.llis Island. 

4. 'lo win public supjK.ri for the test of the McCarran- 
Walter law sujKrvisory parole conditions being waged by 
.•Mexandcr Bittclman, Claudia Jones and'Betty Gannett. 

5. To wage an active campaign for public hearings on 
the Lehman-Cellcr bill. 

6. To defend the .American Committee, which the Jus- 
tice Departmeil! seeks ro destroy through Subversive 
/KciHities Conitjl liu.ird (,s.\CB) registration. 

The conference highlight was the bancjuet attended bv 
more than 4>-k) [arsons. Inchi.lri] in a rather impressive ar 
ray of speakers were Prof. Rolicrt Morss I^vett, Prof. .An- 
ton J. Carlson, Rev. Jose[>h Evans, all of Chicago; I. F. 
Stonc-Washmgton, D. C; Don Mains, Uli District 8, 
Illinois; Prof. Rphraim Cross. New York City; Rev Mark 
Chamberlin, Portland, Oregon; Prof. Louise Pettibone 
Smith, Hartford, Conn. George B. Miirphv. Ir., New York 
City, was banquet chairman. 


Jewish Lifk 

Exhibit No. 135 

O'Connor to 
Chicago Feb. 26 

CHICAGO. Feb. 13.-Harvey| 
CCiMinor, autltor and former piib-j 
Ikity director of the CIO Oil 
Workers International Union, will I 
adress a public rally Feb. 26 at I 
2:*iO p.m. to protect Justice De-j 
partment's efforts to imprison] 
James Keller under the supervJsoryj 
parole pr(ivisioi)<i of the Walter-I 
McC'arrau it was armounced] 
by the Kelkr Defense Committeel 
The meeting will be held at Cur-j 
tis Hall, 410 South Michigan. 

Keller, 54, was iiKli<^-ted last No-I 
veinl>er for ri'tusiiig to give immi-[ 
grdlion oflk'ials iiames of friends! 
•ikI trade union asosciates iu 19.S3. 
He was r»rdered deported inl 
Marth. 19SV on |>olitit-al charges.! 
btit was placet! under jwrole su-l 
pervi.sion six luonlhs later whenl 
tlie govenunent c-oukl .not find a| 
coimtry to accept him. 

I'. S. Dislriit Judge Michael L. 
Igoe will hear argument Thursdayl 
by Miss Pearl Hart, attorney fori 
Keller, on m(»tions to dismiss tliel 
indictment. | 

The Rev. Wdliam T. Baird. of I 
Chicago, and Alec Jones, education) 
director of the Aoifiican Commit-I 
tee for Profecti;u!tf (»| foreign Bomj 
ill New York, will also speak. 

For tickets cfHitact the Kellerj 
Defense ( oounitlee, .Suite 325. 
4-31 St. Doaihorn St., Chicago, WE 
9 3.552 *" 


Exhibit No. 136 





Exhibit No. 137 

R*PmI Hw Wttter-McQimin L|w 

^^ndiy, March *&, 19^6 

6 H. Hamiln Av»nu® 
Chiat9<s», lii. 

DvfMid th« Rights td Foreign Born AfiMrksfw 

MIOWttT COAWITTEB fOK W>OT8CTK>W Of fOW8>< »W BOKW «, 41} $. e«A«BO«N. CMICA&O S , ILL. WKaSTEft ».3.5ii 


P P G F A K 

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lOiO? - 12»50 P.^', 

12tiO - 1.50 P.M. 

1«J3 - 5iOO p.n. 



Bleottoa of C<>nr»r»in»® Co!Baitt®««« 

Credantials, Raaolutiens, NoiEi as tl ocs 

tsports* ft-. Aieo Joass, Educstioml Mrdotcr 
-*■'' ■•-"•■•->■•■»■'• •'"oMjittee for Prct«otlon 

■ rn 

^___ __ t. Acting Storotsrjr, fftd- 

'«9i8 £ "SofialTE** for Pyoteotioa of Fo-rslgn 

Generftl Dleeusuioa en Issues of Confereace 

!•»• .>»>1 of i«fclt®r-Z10C8rr«n Law 

3ai«rvl«ory If^rolo 
r-->r --*■<? tl on 

■f Aaerioan Commltt«« 

■■■■'■•• Cesfflitt®»t 



6r->:) - IC^tm r 

s ■ ■ ■';, B A S q 8 T 

Fsftturet , Work of th® 

-Ussor Robart ?f>rs8 
t-i torimr Co-Chelrms.n of 
u^«ist C<i«i«l tt«Mi» for Protection 
of Foreign Soni 


Exhibit No. 138 

The Rev. Kenneth Ripley Forbes 


Prop. Louise Pettibone Smith 

cordially invite you to a 



Joseph Forer, Esq. and David Rein, Esq. 

of Washington, D.C. 

Thursday Evening 
October 11, 1956 
6:00 P.M. 

Modeme Room 

Hotel Belmont Plaza Reservations: 

Lexington Avenue at 49th Street Six Dollars a Plate 

New York City R.S.V.P. 

On March 26, 1956, The United States Supreme Court agreed to take 
a new look at political deportations when it granted certiorari in the 
case of Charles Rowoldt, a resident of Minneapolis, Minnesota. 

During the week of October 15, 1956, Mr. Forer and Mr. Rein are 
scheduled to appear before the Supreme Court to argue the case. 

Mr. Rowoldt, 72, is a native of Germany and has lived in the United 
States for more than 40 years. He was arrested in Walter-McCarran 
Law deportation proceedings on the grounds that he had been a mem- 
ber of the Communist Party for a few months in 1936. 

The decision in the Kowoldt case will affect all Americans. For victory 
in the Rowoldt cum- will help restore frt'odom of speech and association 
• »f foreign-born Americans and will strengrthen thereby the civil liber- 
ties of native-born Americans. 


American Committee for Protection of Foreign Bom 
23 West 26th Street, New York 10, N. Y. MU 4-3457 


EJxHiBiT No. 138 — Continued 

Subject: Reception and testimonial dinner honoring Josepli Forer and David 
Rein, sponsored by American Committee for the Protection of the Foreign 
Born, held at Belmont Plaza Hotel, Thursday, October 11, 1956 

1. Following a reception from 6 to 7 p. m. held in the Crystal Room, a testi- 
monial dinner honoring Joseph Forer and David Rein, attorneys, was held in 
the Moderne Room of the Belmont Plaza Hotel, 50 St. and Lexington Ave., New 
York City, sponsored by the American Committee for the Protection of the 
Foreign Born, 23 West 26 St., New York City. Arrangements for the dinner 
had been made by Alec Jones, Campaign & Educational Director of this organ- 
ization. Approximately 212 persons attended ; there were eleven people seated 
on the dais, among whom were Corliss Lamont, Louis Pettibone Smith, Osmond 
K. Frankel, Rev. Kenneth Forbes, Nadyne Brewer, Alec Jones, Joseph Forer, 
wife Mrs. Joseph Forer, Mr. and Mrs. David Rein. 

2. Banquet program for the dinner is as follows : 

(1) Abner Green to introduce artists and National Anthem. 

(2) Abner Green to introduce Father Forbes for invocation. 

(3) Abner Green to introduce Prof. Smith as Chairlady. 

(4) Alec Jones — remarks. 

(5) Osmond K. Fraenkel — remarks. 

(6) Nadyne Brewer and Lucy Brown — musical rendition. 

(7) Corliss Lamont — remarks. 

(8) Rev. Forbes — remarks and collection. 

(9) Nadyne Brewer and Lucy Brown — musical rendition. 

(10) Presentation to and remarks by David Rein. 

(11) Presentation to and remarks by Joseph Forer. 

(12) Adjourn. 

(Notes:) Introduction along the way of the families of Forer and Rein. 
Introduction of Harriet Barron, administrative secretary ; Grace Johnson, 
staff member, Helen Morgan, staff member. 

3. The National Anthem was sung by Nadyne Brewer, with piano accompani- 
ment by Lucy Brown. Abner Green stated "It gives me great pleasure to intro- 
duce as the Chairman for this evening, a woman who has for the last several 
years devoted a great deal of time to foreign born Americans and was active 
in the fight for the repeal of the Walter-McCarran Law. She has served as 
Cochairman of the American Committee for the Protection of the Foreign Born, 
Prof. Louise Pettibone Smith." 

4. Prof. Smith stated "It is a great pleasure for me to be chosen to welcome 
you all here tonight in the name of the American Committee for the Protection 
of the Foreign Born. For more than twenty years the American Committee 
for the Protection of the Foreign Born has worked to give aid to all foreign born 
who asked it, regardless of race, religion or political belief. The last years for 
a great many of us have not been easy times. I came across a description which 
seems to me to describe the last years, and I want to share it with you. . . . 
sinister forces within the nation tried to make conformity serve their own 
purposes. Through the efficient manipulation of mass communications here, 
they penetrated the factories, offices, schools, homes and even the nurseries. 
They intimidated a minority. . . we have been through a period where the 
minority has been intimidated but we have people who have had the courage 
to fight for the rights of the minority groups of all kinds and it is to honor one 
section of such people that we have come together tonight. The work of the 
American Committee for the Protection of the Foreign Born would not be done 
if there had been no men of responsibility in the legal profession. I am not 
going to take time to say what later speakers will say much more fully and much 
better. I introduce, therefore, as the next speaker, Alec Jones, Campaign and 
Educational Director of the American Committee for the Protection of the 
Foreign Born." 

5. Alec Jones stated, "Thank you. Professor Smith — ^good evening, friends, 
I too, on behalf of the American Committee for the Protection of the Foreign 
Born, am happy to welcome you to this tribute in honor of Joseph Forer and 
I>avid Rein. Many years ago I learned that it is not necessarily the trouble that 
one gets into that lawyers get one out of. In certain instances it is tlie trouble 
foisted uix)n them that one calls lawyers for. On next Thursday, October 18th, 
Joe Forer and Dave Rein will stand before the United States Supreme Court. 
At that time they will be arguing to set aright a grave injustice — an injustice 
peri)etrated against a man named Charles Rowoldt. To many of us in this 


audience, the name of Charles Rowoldt may or may not mean much. But I 
would like to tell you about this man and let you judge for yourselves. Charles 
Rowoldt was born in Germany 73 years ago. He and his wife left Germany 
in 1914 when he was 30 years of age because of the growing militarism in his 
native homeland. They came to the United States because they thought that 
this was a land in which it was most likely that they would find the freedom 
and democracy they did not have there. Upon arrival, Charles Rowoldt started 
to attend night school to learn the language and prepare to become a citizen 
of these United States, but as so often is the case, plans sometimes go awry. 
Shortly after the birth of his son, his wife became ill and died In 1918 and 
Charles had to take care of his son. At that time Charles Rowoldt was living 
in Chicago and the only jobs to be had were in the factories. However, taking 
one of these jobs would have meant placing his son in an institution and this he 
did not want to do. The solution for him was to seek work on farms where a 
kindly farmer's wife could keep watch on young Walter while the father 
toiled in the fields. Both father and son seemed to thrive on the farms ; Walter 
was growing into a fine sturdy lad, and then when he was 12 years old, he 
was stricken with acute appendicitis and died in his father's arms befor.e a 
doctor could arrive. Needless to say, securing citizenship slipped from Charles 
Rowoldt's consciousness after the second tragedy in these United States. 
In 1933, after being told by his boss that business was so bad he would have 
to find a new job, a fellow unemployed friend told him about an organization 
called the Unemployment Council. He went to this Council and was helped to 
get on relief. He became interested in their program of unemployment in- 
surance and social security. Later in 1935 he joined the Communist Party and 
remained a member of the Communist Party for six months — and today, 21 
years after that six months' membership in tlie Communist Party and 42 years 
after coming to the United States, Charles Rowoldt faces deportation back to 
his native Germany. This man's life has been spent here. It is here that 
he suffered his greatest tragedies and it is here that whatever happiness he 
experienced happened. But since he is not a citizen according to the Depart- 
ment of Justice, he is an alien and being an alien he is subject to the deporta- 
tion provisions incorporated in the Walter-McCarran Law which state that 
'any alien who was at any time of entry to the United States, a member of the 
Communist Party, that person is subject to deportation.' But really, how 
alien is Charles Rowoldt : despite the fact that he is not a citizen of the United 
States, can he really be considered an alien and stranger, and therefore despite 
his time here can he simply be arrested for deportation at the whims and 
fancies of the Attorney General? This is in essence the case that Joseph 
Forer and David Rein will be arguing before the Supreme Court next Thursday. 
Hut the significance of the case is deeper than just Charles Rowoldt. Today 
in this country there are more than 350 persons who are facing Walter-Mc- 
Carran Law deportation proceedings. Their story is practically the same 
as Charles Rowoldt. In each instance examination will show that the in- 
dividuals involved came or were brought to the United States at a fairly early 
age. It is so that their sole crime, and crime is in quotes, was that at one 
time for whatever reason, they joined the Communist Party, and now, years 
later, they face expulsion from the United States. But what kind of a law 
is it that will so brazenly uproot men and women and in what atmosphere was 
it possible for such a law to become the law of this land with its splendid 
heritage and tradition of justice and fair play. Well, in times of international 
tension and domestic political unrest there is traditionally the seeking of a 
.scapegoat and at the same time there are always those who, using the unrest 
and tension, seek to place them.selves into positions of leadership and label 
all who dissent from their program as disloyal. Following the cessation of 
hostilities at the close of World War II, this Nation entered into a period of 
such uni'est and confusion. With the emergence of two world powers, the 
United States and the Soviet Union, a fraction of the population immediately 
began to cry that there could be no coexistence between the nations and war 
was imminent. With that began the process of determination on which side 
one stood. There was no middle ground and the determination was not made 
by the individual in question but rather by investigating committees, self- 
appointed patriots, the F. B. I. and the Dept. of Justice. For the foreign born 
of this Nation, the last ten years have been dreadful. Where the Alien Registra- 
tion Act of 1940 had already decreed that all noncitizens of the United States 
should be fingerprinted, the Internal Security Act of 1950 added additional 
restrictions, and then in 1952 came the Walter-McCarran Law which virtually 


stripped the foreign born citizen as well as the noncitizen of practically all 
rifrhts. In truth, during the past 10 years it was not the foreign born alone who 
felt the blade of the axe against the cornerpost of civil rights. The native 
born as well as the foreign born were caught in the dragnet and soon we saw 
our Nation shrouded in hysteria; doctors, teachers, unionists, artists, clergy- 
men, writers, actors, scientists and yes, even lawyers, were called upon to 
bare their souls, confess their sins, despite the fact that no sin had been com- 
mitted. Indeed, to coin a phrase, the past 10 years were times in which men's 
souls were on trial in more than one sense. It is always the case — those who 
seek to rule by fear forget one thing — they forget people. The American peo- 
ple are a wonderful people as a whole. They have a sense of right and they 
hold with our heritage and tradition and despite the confusion that reigned 
for a while, the spirit of fighting back began to emerge. Today we begin to see 
clearly the emergence of a new feeling, a feeling which, if successfully emerged, 
will wash away the stains of the past 10 years of idiocy on the political and 
civil rights front. On this coming December 8th and 9th the American Com- 
mittee for the Protection of Foreign Born will hold their 24th annual national 
conference in Los Angeles, Calif. Previously, one of the main problems facing 
the delegates to our conferences was the question of actual defense for those 
facing deportation who were languishing in prison. Today not one person is 
in jail. At our national conference on December 8th and 9th we will be able 
to report victories in every area of our work — deportation, denaturalization, 
and supervisory parole. We can report that almost a score of deportation 
proceedings on political grounds have been dropped by the Board of Immigra- 
tion Appeals already in the Federal Courts. We can report that several de- 
naturalization cases have been won, including the most recent — that of Rose 
Chernin, Executive Secretary of the Los Angeles Committee for the Protection 
of the Foreign Born. We can report that supei'visory parole, that provision of 
tlie Walter-McCarran Law which seeks to force virtual house arrest on non- 
citizens ordered deported — we can report that supervisory parole has been 
whittled away at, and if the decision by the three-judge court in the case of 
Antonio-Sentner handed down a few days ago stands, supervisory parole will 
be rendered virtually ineffective. I by no means mean to imply that the fight 
for the defense of the rights of foreign born is over or even one-half over. 
There are still more than 350 persons facing deportation ; there are still more 
than 50 persons facing revocation of their citizenship, and it is true that some 
11 persons have already lost citizenship under the Walter-McCarran Law pro- 
visions. It is also true that a man by the name of Luke Hegeman (phonetic) 
faces 10 years in jail because he did not readily make plans to divorce himself 
from these United States, and it is likewise true that the American Committee 
itself is under attack, and we can also say that within the same framework 
that noncitizens on supervisory parole are subjected to the indecencies of having 
to report to the Justice Dept. periodically. But what I do say is this — the 
horizon is clearing; within the clearing of this horizon I feel that we here 
this evening can go forward in our work, and be continually fighting, not only 
for the protection of the foreign born but in general for the tight for civil liberties 
for all the American people. I know that one might say — what have these 
victories in the defense of the rights of foreign born have to do with Americans 
in general and the general civil rights picture? First, I must say that the 
fight for civil liberty has been an integrated fight. We cannot say i>ersecution 
of one group of individuals is all right so long as it is not directed against another. 
This is especially true in relationship to the foreign born, for it has been 
historically proven that when the drive against civil rights is begun, first to be 
attacked are the foreign born and then the native born. The basis in the past 
10 years of depression can be traced to the so-called Alien Registration Act 
of 1940 but one must rememiier that today we no longer speak of the Alien 
Registration Act of 1940 — we call it the 1940 Smith Act under which the leaders 
of the Socialist Workers Party were first imprisoned and now under which 
primarily it is the leaders of the Communist Party who are being tried and 
jailed. But when the law was passed, it was purportedly only to govern the 
movement of so-called enemy aliens. But even more than that, recognizing 
the wonders of the overall civil liberties fight, I want to say that gains taking 
place in other areas certainly assist in our field. Each single small victory 
adds to the swell and enough such will change the entire atmosphere. As we 
in the American Committee for the Protection of the Foreign Born have been 
fighting to restore the Bill of Rights to foreign-born Americans, so in every 
walk of life have individuals and organizations been battling in different 


areas — loyalty cases, dishonorable discharge cases involving servicemen — these 
and so many others can be cited as all contributing to the eifforts to return our 
Nation to sanity and dignity. Here in New York City, it might be said we 
have had more than our share of strife, but it must also be said that, as we 
battled, so was there assistance. The American Civil Liberties Union, the 
Emergency Civil Liberties Committee, have done magnificent work and side 
by .side with the work of organizations during * * * the work of a fine 
grouping of men and women who have made the legal profession their life's 
work. We are fortunate this evening to have with us several such men and 
women who have joined to pay tribute to their fellow colleagues, Joe Forer and 
Dave Rein. Among those present this evening in the grouping of lawyers 
happen to be John Abt, Leonard Boudin, Harold Cammer, Julius Cohen, Albert 
Collins, Joseph Diamong, Frank Donner, Blanche Friedman, David Friedman, 
Ira Golubin, Abraham Isserman, Bernard Jaffe, Mary Kaufman, Samuel 
Koenigsberg, Rhoda Laks, Victor Rabinowitz, Henry Rubin, Simon Schachter, 
Dave Scribner, Ralph Shapiro, William Standard, Morton Stavis, Abraham 
Unger and Nate Witt. [Applause.] And I think it is only fitting, friends, that 
we give them a good round of applause while they stand. [Applause.] Friends, 
as we salute our lawyer friends here with us tonight, we must bear in mind 
that throughout our land there are other men and women lawyers also in the 
finest tradition, wielding their talents to assure the restoration of the rights 
of the foreign born and assure the preservation of the liberties of the American 
people as a whole. I think that as we go about our daily work of seeking to pre- 
serve the Bill of Rights for all we know, so by our side stands our attorneys 
and we of the American Committee for the Protection of the Foreign Born 
vote a special vote of thanks to the many attorneys who throughout the years 
have stuck by us. For without their knowledge, guidance, and devotion, our 
cause may well have been set back. There is no possible way to measure the 
work of our attorneys in dollars and cents. There is no way to truly assess 
the role they have played in our work. We pay tribute to our lawyers this 
evening. It is with deep sorrow and regret that Carol King, our late general 
counsel is not participating. But the work and spirit of Carol King is being 
kept alive by those who join us tonight and it is with the utmost confidence 
that the American Committee for the Protection of Foreign Born continues 
its work, knowing that when the chips are really down our advocates and 
attorneys will be there, and there is only one more thing I can say to them, 
and that is — thank you, counsellors, we are proud and pleased to be associated 
with you." 

6. Chairman Smith then announced : "You have heard a report from an 
officer of the committee in New York City. Next we are to have the pleasure 
of hearing a lawyer, a noted constitutional lawyer, a consistent defender of 
democratic rights, and a leader in the American Civil Liberties Union, Mr. 
Osmond Fraenkel." 

7. Osmond Fraenkel stated : "I have been a lawyer a long time and I don't 
remember having heard so many nice things said about lawyers as I have 
heard tonight. They are certainly justified by the lawyers who have repre- 
sented this organization — I mean Carol King — I worked with her a long time 
in the International Juridical Association and I have known Joe and Dave not 
so long but for (juite some time, and I worked with them in the Lawyers Guild 
and the nice things said are certainly justified by these three. It is also nice 
to hear that things have improved. I am generally an optimist about a long 
term but a pessimist about a short terra, and as I was saying to Mrs. Forer, 
I am usually a pessimist about cases and she said 'Oh, that's the trouble' — 
'you've got to be an optimist about cases.' I told her then I'm not disappointed 
so much when I lose them ; she said 'but Joe doesn't them.' Well I hope 
that prophecy is right because the case that he is going to argue is an awful 
tough one. On its merits it's perfectly plain. Unfortunately the law and 
merits do not always go hand in hand and the Supreme Court, as you probably 
too well know, has laid down some very mean rules about aliens and the rights 
of communists, to order them deported for any reason which at the moment 
Congress may think suitable. And we of course are hoping that the court will 
have the sanity and courage to withdraw from some of those earlier pronounce- 
ments and lay down a civilized rule in this case. And in the notion that Con- 
gress can make deportable something which was not deportable at the time 
it happened, and in the notion that something unrelated wholly to the present 
welfare of the country, such as membership in any organization in the long 


time past, can be grounds for deportation, the court should recognize as the 
only grounds for deportation that which presumably is something which affects 
the present. Is this individual a fit person to remain here — this should be 
judged by certain standards of fitness and not dependent upon things that hap- 
pened long ago. And so, therefore, our concern is and our hope for more court 
talents of persuasive powers v^'hich will instill that measure of courage into 
the court. I said I didn't come to make a speech only I was asked to come 
and say a few words. So I want to close with just one closing remark and 
that is we lawyers can only do a small job. We get up on our feet or we write 
briefs. Unless we can get a public opinion to support us in our views, we 
cannot be too confident that judges are going to listen ; as Mr. Dewey said a 
long time ago — the Supreme Court feels the election returns and judges are 
sensitive to changes in the climate of opinion. So it is that organizations such 
as this and other organizations which have been active in this country in the 
years past, which must continue actively and vigorously to try to influence public 
opinion and in that way make even the judges realize that the ideas for which 
these organizations stand are the traditional ideas of American freedom. That 
is something which this organization has done and is continuing to do, and I 
hope will keep on doing until the glorious time should ever come when there 
would be no need in the field of the alien to be concerned about the question." 

8. Chairman Smith stated "Thank you, Mr. Fraenkel. Our next speaker needs 
no introduction to you who have been interested, as I am very sure this whole 
audience is, in the progress of civil rights and in the progress of attempts to 
defend the weak. Next speaker is ray fellow Cochairman of the American Com- 
mittee for Protection of the Foreign Born, Father Kenneth Ripley Forbes." 

9. The Rev. Forbes (Episcopalian minister) declared : "It is commonly supposed 
that when somebody wishes to hear hot air, when someone wishes to hear very 
closely argued academic matters, it is not uncommon that they turn to the clergy 
for just that necessary evil. In this case, however, they turned to this par- 
ticular parson to do one thing that you would like to have done very much and 
come down to brass tacks and put it on the line. In other words, they wish to 
hand this guy the job of a collection speech, which he is not going to make but 
he is, I hope, by this suggestion to some or all of the people here, something of 
what their privileges are in this particular instance. You know, the foreign 
born are being depleted because largely of our immigration laws, and their num- 
bers are depleted and their resources are even more depleted, and they cannot 
wholly protect themselves even when they have lawyers like Joe Forer and Dave 
Rein, Mr. Fraenkel and all the rest of the noble crowd. We have got to have 
enough money to put the resources of a larger group such as is represented here 
tonight. Now, I have been present at a good many feed fests and talk fests of 
the American Committee for Protection of the Foreign Born, and I have come 
to know several hundred, at least, by sight, of the nationality groups' numbers. 
As I look around here, I ought to know about 25 of them. So I know that there 
must be a lot of people on the outskirts of the work of the American Committee 
that are here tonight, and I appeal to you to help us give resources adequate for 
the job. Now, all these lawyers who stood up and were counted and were properly 
honored, they might even in ever.v case give their services, not have any fee. They 
are officers and they might do it and frequently they do do it, but the courts 
are not sensitive as that and there are huge expenses in every one of these 
cases, especially as they are pushed from the Immigration Service to the Federal 
courts and appeal to the higher Federal courts, and sometimes to the Supreme 
Court, as Forer and Rein are going to appear before next week. And so I know 
that some groups here have brought money or assurances of money — pledges of 
money — and I hope that those who have not brought it will feel it a privilege 
now to help the American Committee do its job. So I am going to begin by asking 
any individual or groups or representatives if they have $500 or more to put ou 
the line. If they have, somebody ought to pick it up. I see some i)eople are 
roaming thru the audience ready to do that. Who wants to give $500 or more? 
When you pick it up, just let's know who it is and how much it is. Any group? 
Here's a total of $800 from Washington, D. C, and Lord knows how many good 
people. Now don't wait for this to be announced but hop right up and say 
I'll give you another $500, or if you haven't got the price, we'll take something 
less— but if you can, $500 is the mark. Who will add $500 to that— who will 
give a pledge of $500? We'll come down— who's ready with $250? You know, 
that's just chicken feed in going to trial, paying court costs, to say nothing of 
legitimate lawyers' fees. Well, if you haven't got $250 handy or a pledge for 
it without going into bankruptcy, come further down and make it $100. Stand 


up and let's see who has it. Who found $100? What group of people found $100? 
Here's eight people at a table — see how very little per head that is. What table 
here is ready to pitch in and come up with $100 between them. No $100 tables? 
Well, here comes a contribution from Norman Course of $50 — that's one individ- 
ual. Another $50 contribution from Bennie and Sadie Saltzman, Bronx, N. Y. 
How about some more $50? What table will bring $50 — that means $5 or $6 
apiece. Here's $60 from the Ukrainian group, people who are among the foreign 
born and consequently in danger like the rest of us. Another $50 comes from 
Joe Forer's brother, he doesn't say what his name is, but it's a good family. 
Here's $50 from William L. Standard. Another $50 from Martin Young, one 
of the sufferers of the Walter-McCarran Act who somewhere has found $50. 
$75 from Rose Nelson Defense Committee. Table 14 gives $150. $25 from 
John Abt. The Hungarian Committee $131. The Lithuanian group $50. You 
see, when people know somebody is gunning for them unjustly and outrageously, 
they dig plenty and deep. A. A. Heller $25 ; $25 from the Russian-American group. 
Another $25 from Armenian Progressive League; $30 from Alma Foley 
(phonetic) of Minneapolis ; $25 from a group of Sea Gate friends ; two anonymous 
$25, you needn't be ashamed of it. From a friend by the name of Louise Petti- 
bone Smith, $25. 'A lot of people say I'm a hard worker and work hard so you 
needn't expect me to give, but Professor Smith does both.' $35 from Table 13. 
We don't want to keep this money racket going much longer — $10 annoymous. 
Otto Nathan, another guy who has suffered but he gives money too. Table 21, $12 ; 
Table 3 with $20. When we go on with the program, it will not prevent any 
table or individual from slipping a little money which will eventually get up here. 
Emma Lazarus, Paterson, N. J., $7 ; Rose Tarazona $10; Alvin Toffler $12. Abner 
Green says the money has amounted up to $1,200. You can sweeten it up some 
more before you go home; that's all, thank you very much." 

10. Chairman Smith, taking over, announced : "Rev. Joseph H. Jernigan, of 
Washington, D. C, $6. If the ushers will pass the baskets, anybody with some- 
thing small can drop it in. The Committee can thank you all that the work that 
the lawyers are doing can go on a little longer. Father Forbes has to leave 
because he has to get a train to Philadelphia ; we thank him for his efforts. 
Again I introduce a speaker who really needs no introduction to an audience such 
as this— educator, author, lecturerer who has for years been associated with 
cases involving the preservation of civil and human rights, closely associated 
with the Emergency Civil Liberties Committee. He also initiated the Bill of 
Rights Fund to assist in civil rights cases. It is a particular pleasure to me 
because when I first left my nice academic ivory tower and went with a good 
deal of shivers to a convention on Civil Rights in New York City, Mr. Corliss 
Lamont was one of the speakers at that meeting." 

11. Corliss Lamont stated : "Miss Smith, Mr. Rein, Mr. Forer, ladies, and 
gentlemen, I am particularly glad to be at this meeting tonight because it satisfies 
me in so many ways. First, I am very happy to be at a dinner honoring Forer 
and Rein, that great Washington firm without which many an American defend- 
ent in a civil liberties case could hardly have survived or escaped jail. As you 
know, there's an intricate system in Washington, D. C, which makes it very 
diflScult for out-of-town lawyers to come down there and argue a case and learn 
the ropes and know the ropes, and if it were not for a couple of guys like Dave 
Rein and Joe Forer, we would be lost down there. I know so many cases which 
have depended on two lawyers. Well, of course, I am appreciative of what 
the lawyers in this room in general are doing ; in fact, I never saw so many 
lawyers together before in all my life, and I feel somewhat abashed in speaking 
to such a knowing audience. Even though there are many in this room, there 
are not many in the country as a while relatively speaking, who would stand up 
today against the witchhunt and take these unpopular cases and risk their own 
necks in fighting through a case right up to the Supreme Court. But there are 
no cases that Forer and Rein have not dared to take and we can depend upon 
them in the future, as in the past, to carry on this battle. And secondly, I am 
glad to be speaking on a platform where we have this organization, the American 
Committee for Protection of the Foreign Born, as the guest for all of us tonight. 
This committee has waged a struggle for a long time for the civil liberties of 
immigrants to the United States, and I am particularly glad to be with them, 
because they have been honored in so many ways by the Government of the 
United States. This was one of the first organizations to be on the Attorney 
General's subversive list, and I do not say that is a sure path to virtue and honor, 
but, under the circumstances, we who know realize that the reason for this 
organization being put on the list was precisely because it was doing such fine 

85333 O— 57— pt. 2 18 


work in the field of civil liberties, protecting the rights of foreign-born Americans 
Then of course we are working with them, too, in the fight against being cited 
as a 'communist front bv the Subversive Activities CVmtrol Board. And there 
again thev were one of the first organizations cited by the Attorney General to go 
before the SACR and undergo this ordeal. Particularly I am glad to be here 
because it is an event and dinner and an organization and people who are asso- 
ciated with this big struggle to maintain the rights of foreign-born Americans. 
I go way back in mv first knowledge of this subject, very fortunately, and to my 
family." I had an iinde whose name was John Palmer Dewitt (phonetic), who 
way back in 11)22. when I was a student at Harvard College, presented me with 
a copy of his book, Americans By Choice, and this was a book on immigrants 
coming to the United States, and what they contributed to the life and achieve- 
ment of this country, and I have never forgotten what my uncle said in that 
book, and this cause has been close to my heart ever since. Mr. Dewitt died a 
few years ago at the age of about 85, but I want to mention his name particularly 
tonight, because he was one of the first liberal Americans who really got into 
this subject and did a fine job in treating of the foreign born and immigrants in 
general. Now. as Mr. Jones has said, the struggle for the rights of the immigrants 
in the United States ties in with these other civil liberties struggles that we are 
going through all the time. His example of how a section of the Smith Act was 
smuggled into the Alien Registration Act was, of course, very good, indeed, and 
now we know that the Smith Act just last week in Washington has been under- 
going a battle on the part of several able lawyers in this room, and we have 
hoped that in some of these cases there will be a reconsideration by the Supreme 
Court of its former position in declaring the Smith Act constitutional. It was 
only today that we read in the newspapers that the Nelson case, together with 
four of the Pennsylvania cases, had been remanded for a new trial, due to the 
doubtful credibility of this witness and professional informer McVeigh. Well, 
what is extraordinary is that the Department of Justice itself finally came forth 
to question the credibility of one of its star performers and informers ; and what 
the Department of Ju.stice should do, it seems to me in all honor and justice, is 
to bring under a microscope of intensity that will reveal every true thing ; bring 
under that microscope all these professional informers that they have been using 
in these trials which have been so often frameups of innocent people. 

"That Smith Act business, again I want to say. is based on a misconception of 
constitutional law and freedom of expression. The whole standard of the clear 
and present danger should be thrown out and we should have a more definite 
standard if we are going to treat of revolutionary expressions; if we are going 
to make some curb of expressions of violent overthrow and other such things. 
We must substitute for the clear and present danger standard, which is so vague 
and which forces the judges to become experts on practically every subject in 
the world ; we must substitute the good old standard of direct incitement to 
violent or .some other overt criminal act. Here we will draw the line ; when a 
man advocates assas.sination or advocates a riot that may lead to bloodshed and 
violence, there we will say that the goveriunent has a right to step in. But 
that's the standard of incitement and not this new standard which unfortu- 
nately the great Justice Holmes originated — that of the clear and present 
danger. The struggle to maintain these rights of the foreign born ties in with 
all the other struggles around the many malicious and evil antifreed-ni laws we 
have in this country. There are at least eight Federal laws/ whic'i should be 
gotten rid of, beginning with the Walter-McCarran Law itself; we just read 
down the list — the Internal Security Act. the Communist Control Act, the Taft- 
Hartley Act, the Welker Act. the Expatriation Act. the Immunity Act, and the 
Smith Act which we have already mentioned. In all of these cases, coming back 
to that business of McVeigh, if I pronounce his name correctly, we are faced with 
this informer racket ; the same racket which Harvey Matusow started to break 
down when he wrote his book about how he had framed up many innocent people 
in trials throughout the United States. And what does the Department of Justice 
do when one of the i>erjui'ers confesses that he has committed perjury in sending 
innocent Americans to jail? Instead of investigating right down the line, to 
what extent that informer's testimony in this trial and that trial was malicious 
and lying and perjurious, the Department of Justice says 'Why, we'll get that 
guy, he is breaking down our system.' So they go after Matusow and they go 
after Mrs. Natvig who was another one who recanted, and finally they're able 
to frame them up on some charge, and these people who finally try to tell at 
least a part of the truth, find themselves in jail. Now there's one man who is 
respon.sible ultimately for what is going on today in this sort of trial that use 


these informers, who is responsible for the prosecution and persecution under 
these unconstitutional acts, and that's Attorney General Brownell. There's a 
member of President Eisenhower's cabinet who really takes the authority in 
these matters and if he said no to some of this terrible conduct on the part of 
his own department, it would not go on. President Eisenhower is running today 
as a scared man against the Democratic ticket, but I can tell him. and I can tell 
the Republicans^ — if there are any in this ro(un, which I doubt — I can give the 
Republican Party and Eisenhower some advice right here, which I'm afraid won't 
take and probably never will hear about, namely that if Eisenhower would 
publicly announce that he was going to get rid of Attorney General Brownell — 
if and when he was electetl President, he would win a million votes right then 
and there. p]isenhower is trying to get liberal votes— that's what he needs — 
those old independent Democrats who came over to him in the 1952 election. 
Well, why doesn't he make some gesture about civil liberties, the civil liberties 
which have fallen to the lowest estate in the history of America during his 
administration. And if he wanted to win another million votes, when he an- 
nounced that he was dropping Brownell, he would also announce that he was 
appointing as Attorney General another fellow general, namely Telford Taylor — 
somebody like that, and I dare say that the Republicans would go far if they 
adopted the tactics that I am suggesting merely as a political strategy. Again, 
this battle for the foreign-born ties in with the struggle for Negro rights in 
America. In a very broad sense, the trouble with the Walter-McCarran Bill and 
those other unjust acts which affect tl:e immigrant to the United States, {Ire 
ba.sed on a deep national and racial prejudice which I am afraid extends not 
only among Senators and Congressmen but among nmny millions of our fellow 
Americans. And I do not believe for a minute that the Negro will ever be free 
in America until the foreign b')rn are free as well. In this sense, as in many 
other .senses, civil liberties are individual and as you march forward, on one 
front, it affects all the other fronts and the battle as a general war on behalf 
of freedom. When I look at that Negro problem today, I am not nearly as opti- 
nustic as some of my friends. When I see what is going on in the south in regard 
to upholding the Supreme Court decision on desegration of public schools, I 
cannot feel that we are anywhere near a solution, and then I look at the deep 
prejudice against the Negro race which extends to every State of the north as 
well as of the south, I say that this is a lonji, long struggle which will last during 
the lives of any one of us here in this room tonight. 

"Turning again to another sector of our battle for civil liberties, there is the 
Congre.s.sional inquisition and the attempt of various Congressional Investigat- 
ing Committees to do away with the rights of individuals and organizations who 
are merely expressing their freedom of opinion in this country. We have seen 
some amelioration of the situation in the last three years. McCarthy has taken 
a back .seat, though if the Republicans win the Senate he might become active 
again as Chairman of the Permanent Senate Subcommittee on Investigations, 
and we have seen some victories in this field which, while they have not touched 
the Amendment, yet are very important in the implications they have for 
Congressional investigations. I myself, as you know, was involved in a slight 
skirmish of this kind with Senator McCarthy. My case was tied up with at 
least one other person in this room because the Department of Justice did not 
appeal the case, which was won in the courts of New York. The.v can't appeal 
because time has run out in which to tile for appeal. Mr. Unger and I and Mr. 
Shadowitz congratulate the Department of Justice in having the wisdom to drop 
the case. Many people have given me a great deal of praise which I don't 
deserve. I think that we go back to Aristotle for the correct view of ethical 
life, that is, instead of merely doing what .seems to give us the most pleasure and 
which might lead us to become professional tennis players, instead of seeking 
our own pleasures, we .seek things which are useful to the community and 
which are according to reason and We find that we are getting 
the greatest pleasure of all in these activities. During the battle with the 
McCarthy Couunittee. I had the time of my life: there was very little about it 
that I didn't enjoy. I didn't choose it: Senator McCarthy chose me, and it 
seemed to me worthwhile and useful to fight, and the same is true of other 
bouts that I have on in the field of civil liberties. If the individual .suffers 
too much, if he goes to jail too long, if his economic status is affected 
so he and his family are starving, he is no longer going to take too much 
pleasure in the battle. That is happening to nmny Americans in our time, and 
yet the psychology and, I think, the effort still holds good, that for those in 


the community who have public spirit and long to do as much as those activi- 
ties which seem important for which they are fit, and they have almost surely, 
they will get a reward in terms of personal happiness as well as contributing to 
the cause of freedom and of their own country's advancement. Well, there are 
a couple of other sectors here on civil liberties that I would like to mention. 
One is the First Amendment in respect to the separation of church and state. 
As the reactionaries advance on one front, they also advance on another front, 
and so it is no accident that in the last few years there have been increasing 
encroachments on the constitutional separation of church and state. In 1954, 
for instance, you had the words 'Under God' added to the pledge of allegiance 
to the flag. In the same year three-cent and eight-cent stamps began to appear 
with the motto 'In God We Trust' imprinted on them, a motto formerly con- 
fined to coins. In 1955 Congress voted that all United States paper money should 
bear this same motto ; and in 1956, mind you. Congress voted to substitute for 
your old national motto, 'E Pluribus Unnm,' the same motto, 'In God We Trust.' 
Now, this is quite an evolution here, and what it means is that we are adopting 
officially a religion of theism for the American people and the American nation. 
This is'what is happening to us civil libertarians. I know that you will agree 
with me that we will be fighting to the end to permit any religious group in 
this country, no matter how wacky they may be, even if they stand up on a 
street corner and scare people to death by saying the world is going to come to 
an end on October 24th, even if they say that or anything else, we defend the 
right of every religion to educate and propagandize as it will, but we say every 
religion, including our own religion, must stop at the threshold of making itself 
official in the United States of America — must stop at the threshold of infiltrating 
the public schools of this country and try to put across its own creed. And it 
was only last week when we had another example when the Board of Education 
passed a new spiritual and moral creed for public-school teachers in this State. 
This was very good in many ways, and yet the attempts throughout there to 
smuggle in theism is very clear. And, of course, many groups objected to it, 
but it went through all the same. Now, finally, in this general review of tying 
up civil liberties in this country with the fight that we are concentrating on 
here tonight is the question of censorship of movies, television, and literature. 
We who have been in this struggle over the past decade have naturally, I think, 
concentrated more or less on the political aspects of this battle, because here 
were the things that were hitting us most in the face. Those state laws, those 
federal laws, those municipal ordinances, and so we have not emphasized perhaps 
as much as we should the danger in the censorship which has always existed in 
the United States of literary and other cultural parts, but it has come home to 
smack us in the face when at the Smith trial one of the main pieces of evidence 
against the defendants was that they had read and to a certain extent taught 
from the works of Stalin, Lenin, and Engels. That just shows how censorship 
in one field, say, a light novel on sexual relations, how that can come over into 
another field, the field of politics, and cause havoc. There is a book recently 
published by Paul Blanchard, whose name you know, called 'The Right to Read,' 
who sums this up very well indeed and shows what the dangers are even in the 
so-called federal obscenity statute which is supposed to prevent obscene litera- 
ture from being distributed in the United States ; and in that connection there 
has been a recent opinion by Jerome Frank in the Roth case to which I refer your 
attention because he has a brilliant opinion there, showing that the federal 
obscenity statute really is unconstitutional. He calls that statute exquisitely 
vague and he examines it very carefully. He tells us that really what the 
statute is against is arousing the readers' sexual thoughts, desires, or impulses ; 
and Judge Frank, being a wise man, says, in effect: 'Well, my heavens, how 
far are we going to push this matter?— if we outlaw all sexual thoughts, let's 
say the human race will pretty soon disappear.' There it is, in black and white, 
in a federal judge's opinion, and he states 'this statute, as the courts construe it, 
appears to provide criminal punishment for inducing no more than thoughts, 
feelings, and desires.' Well, here is a clear violation of the First Amendment. 
No overt act. And it reminds me of the story of the chaplain at Yale, who was 
crossing the campus and saw one of the students coming toward him. and he 
stopped him and rather pompously said, 'Young man, are you troubled by evil 
thoughts?' and the student sort of reared back and was very much surprised 
and said, 'Why, no. sir: I rather enjoy it.' Well, this is an important matter. 
Judge Fi-ank says that the Supreme Court really has not passed directly on the 
Obscenity Act, although it has sort of indirectly woven it into its judiciaropinion, 


and we do not know if we can ever upset that particular position of the Supreme 
Court, but certainly it's worth trying. Well, finally, I might mention, too, that 
the field of art has come under this same ban, this same crusade against free- 
dom. Here I will only mention that one of my favorite educational institutions, 
the New School for Social Research, had painted for it by Morosco a mural way 
back in 1930, and Morosco, one of the great Mexican painters, put in there the 
social struggles throughout the world — the Chinese Revolution led by Sun Yat 
Sen ; the Mexican Revolution with its stirrings and strivings ; the Indian Revo- 
lution with Ghandi as the great leader ; and then the fourth panel had to be the 
Russian Revolution, and, unfortunately, he put in the figures of Lenin and Stalin. 
Well, this was not considered bad at the time because we did not have a cold 
war at the moment — we had other things going on — but it was only about five 
years ago that the New School came under pressure because of this mural on 
the Russian Revolution, and, as many of you know, the New School finally sur- 
rendered to the criticisms of people who wandered through the building, and even 
some of its own students, and they covered up the Morosco mural of the Russian 
Revolution with a white cheesecloth. You could go down there and lift it up a 
little and peek, but that was not considered good form. Well, what do you 
know ? In the fall of 1956 the cheesecloth was taken off. So Mr. Jones is right. 
The situation is getting better, and we should have a certain amount of optimism, 
but we have to have a lot of Osmond Fraenkel's pessimism, too, although I know 
it is not pessimism in the long run, but it got to be an awful long run here before 
we get freedom under the Bill of Rights for all the American people. And, indeed, 
we can say that this struggle will go on for many, many decades, and I see in 
the room tonight the charming and beautiful daughter, age 16, of one of the 
guests we are honoring at this high table, and I say to her that when she reaches 
the year 2000, which I hope to reach myself, but I'm not entirely sure about it, 
that she will still be able to fight for civil liberties as her father did, because 
there will be problems then as there are problems now in the field of freedom 
of expression. Well, I want to bow off in favor of the guests of honor at this 
point ; I will only say that these two lawyers here tonight that we are honoring, 
and this committee under whose auspices we are meeting, they have participated 
courageously and ably in this great cause of civil liberties. We salute them 
for their past labors and triumphs, and we look forward to the many more vic- 
tories on their part in the future." 

12. Chairman Smith announced : "We are most grateful to Mr. Lamont for 
showing us so clearly how all forms of liberty are intertwined. We can now 
take a long breath and then listen with the greatest of pleasure to Nadyne 
Brewer and Lucy Brown, her accompanist." Four songs were played and sung 
by the entertainers. 

13. Chairman Smith continued : "That was delightful. The lawyers in whose 
honor this dinner is held have come not alone and any of us who have watched 
family life know that it is not just the man of the family who does his work but 
that a share in that work is done by various others close to him, and I want 
now to ask the family of Mr. Forer to rise and greet the audience and accept 
their greetings. Mrs. Forer, Jane Forer, Mrs. Hilda Roberts, the brothers Dr. 
Robert Forer, Mr. Morris Forer. I think one of our speakers said that he had not 
heard too many words in favor of lawyers but I want to quote a quotation on 
lawyers, written in 1835 that begins this way. It is from De Touteville's (?) 
analysis of democracy in the United States of America. 'The threat entrusted 
to members of the legal profession and the influence which these individuals 
exercise in the government is the most powerful existing security against the 
excesses of democracy. Men .who have made a special study of the laws derive 
from this occupation certain habits of order and taste for formalities and a kind 
of instinctive regard for the regular connection of ideas which naturally render 
them very hostile to unreflected passions of the multitudes.' The first of the 
men whom we honor tonight is a graduate of the Pennsylvania Law School, has 
worked in the Treasury Department, for the National Labor Relations Board, 
the O. P. A. and for various other Government agencies. He went into private 
practice in 1946. Amongst the cases which he has lately handled is the case of 
the Communist Party before the Subversive Activities Control Board, the 
Heikkila Deportation case in the Supreme Court, Black v. Cutter in the Supreme 
Court, and he was counsel for the American Committee for Protection of the 
Foreign Born in the proceedings before the Subversive Activities Control Board. 
I feel that I know Mr. Forer particularly well since he had to steer me through 
that particular ordeal. The Committee wishes to give Mr. Foi'er a very small 
concept of appreciation and thank him for the work he has done." 


14. Joseph Forer stated : "Thank you Louise and thank you, all my friends. 
Before I came here tonight, I thought that on principle, I was opposed to 
testimonial dinners, but really I have enjoyed this one and I am lieginning 
to think they're all tine. It is a fact, as Louise said in her introduction, that 
ten years ago, just ten years ago, Dave Rein and I left the government and 
went into private practice together in Washington. Two or three weeks later 
the cold war broke out. This was not a case of cause and effect, it just hap- 
pened. But the cold war brought with it a ten year wave not yet over, of 
repressive measures against American civil liberties such as this country 
had never seen before and that had an effect on the practice that Dave and 
I started out on. We started out to become prosperous corporation lawyers. 
Somehow that got frustrated and we became unprosperous civil liberties law- 
yers. This was really my second disappointment in choosing a career. Pro- 
fessor Lamont might be interested to know that my real ambition was to be- 
come a professional tennis player and I gave that up, not out of any sense of 
obligation to society but I just couldn't hit the ball vsell enough and keep it 
within the court, and though I still play tennis, it will never be as a profe.s^ 
sional player, I'm sorry to say. During these ten years we did, Dave and I 
got involved as counsel in a substantial number of cases growing out of this 
attack on the Bill of Rights. By and large I have enjoyed it a great deal. I 
can't say the same for our clients. I'm afraid that virtually all of them, even 
those whose cases we won — ungrateful wretches — found it to be harrowing 
experience. They v/eren't always as philosophical as Profes.sor Lamont. But 
by and large they came out pretty good. As a matter of fact, as I look around 
me, it seems to me that the audience here tonight falls roughly into three groups ; 
one of course is lawyers ; the other are clients ; and the third, considering 
that there are a lot of unfamiliar faces here, makes me think that Dave Rein 
has a big family. The whole mob Professor Smith will get around to intro- 
duce in time, I assure you. I think it is a fact that the worst of the storm 
that we ran through in these ten years is over, and that conditions are im- 
proving. That's a good thing, even from my own selfish view. I'm getting 
to the point where much as I enjoy fighting for civil liberties, I am beginning 
to wish that I could represent some iiopular client. I don't mean by this that 
I intend to abandon my present clients. I just mean that I expect the time 
soon to come when my present clients will become more popular. In fact they 
may get so popular that they may stop being clients and that's the consumma- 
tion that we are hopeful of. But this improvement in the situation of civil 
liberties, I think it is a real one ; there is, as Dr. Lamont said, a long way to go 
and it is true that there is obviously some very profound clauses for this which 
are too profound for me to go into. I'm sure there are several people in the 
room that would be glad to explain it to anyone who will listen to them, if 
there is anybody who is willing to listen. But leaving aside such major ex- 
planations as changes in international relations, what is officially called the 
relaxation of tension and the fact that the American i)eople have shown enough 
good sense to really fight off the unparallelled barrage of i)ropaganda which 
served to convince them that the only way to retain their freedom is to sac- 
rifice their freedom ; leaving these profound clauses aside, I think that one 
of the facts has been the fight back which has been made on a case by case basis in 
cases growing out of the repressive measures. This fight back has resulted 
in some victories, really a much more substantial number than most of the 
people realize, but even where there were defeats, the very fight itself slowed 
down the progress of repression and it gave heart to other people to join in 
the fight. And I think it is a fact that this fight primarily * * * all those 
who were the victims of the cases, the people on the left, and they were joined 
by a small and ever growing, I think, number of other persons who, though 
not sharing in their political views, had understanding enough to realize what 
was at stake; that what was at stake were not merely the liberties of the 
people on the far left but American liberties altogether, and these i>eople had 
the courage to try to do something about it. And to me it is a source of deep 
pride and gratification that some of the most eminent of these people who 
came to the defense of the per.sons under attack are on the dais tonight. I 
mean Professor Smith, Osmond Fraenkel, Dr. Lamont, and before he left. 
Father Forbes. I think it is a fact that whatever the shortcomings of the 
American left, and I gather that they are now to be enthusiastically acknowl- 
edged to be considerable, it has made a real contribution to American society 
in recent years, in that in fighting for its own right to exist, in fighting for 
its own right to speak, it has heli)ed to preserve the right to speak, the right 


to think, the right to assemble, for all Americans. I think that is a real con- 
tribution. In the field of the foreign born, this fight has been about as acute 
as in any other field, perhaps even more so. I do not think people, most 
people, realize just what the situation has been in that field. In the first 
place, the foreign born have been treated just as shamefully or more shame- 
fully than any other comparable group, leaving aside the negro people. In the 
second place, there have been more civil liberties cases, actual cases of people 
that have been directly affected by civil liberties cases in this field than in 
any other single field, and I wouldn't be surprised if in all fields put together. 
In the third place, those fights in the field of the foreign born have involved 
all of the basic principles which arose in the civil liberties field altogether. 
The First Amendment, because the fight has been largely against deportations 
and denaturalizations for the exercise of rights of speech, of expression and 
political assembly ; substituting due process because the foreign born have had 
to fight arbitrary and discriminatory governmental action based on no valid 
classification basis and no valid governmental purpose. In the fight against 
racism, because unfortunately the principles of our Immigration Laws, both 
statute and decisional, derive from a racist basis ; they derive from the time 
when the first case, the first deportation statutes, leaving out the Alien Se- 
dition Laws, were enacted because of the prejudices against the Chinese im- 
migrant. As a matter of fact, the first expulsion case, the first general ex- 
pulsion case in the Supreme Court was of such an obviously racist character 
that it led to Mr. Justice . . . dissenting, to qxiestion out loud whether the 
disciples of Confuscious would not be warranted in asking why America sent 
missionaries to China instead of keeping them at home. The fight back in this, 
field has also involved the fight against informants. I think there has been 
more perjury committed in deportation and denaturalization immigration cases 
by government witnesses than in all other cases put together, and that is a 
considerable number. I consider myself an expert in this field ; sometimes 
it seems to me I have heard more i>erjurers than almost any living person, 
with the exception of John Abt who has heard just as many and maybe a few 
more. It has involved the fight for the right to bail before conviction. As a 
matter of fact some noble victories were won along that line by the American 
Committee for Protection of the Foreign Born. Basically it has involved the 
right to decent treatment for people who are human beings against repressive 
measures, against being exiled from the land in which they have sunk their 
roots. It has involved the fight for humanity against inhumanity, which has 
sought to disrupt families and to destroy lives. It is a fact that this fight back 
with regard to the foreign born has been magnificently organized and led by 
the American Committee for Protection of the Foreign Born. For its reward, 
the American Committee has been cited as a subversive organization and an 
attempt is being made to destroy it before the Subversive Activities Control 
Board proceedings in which I had the honor to represent the Committee. 
This of course is culpable nonsense on the face of it. While I'm there, I might 
tell Dr. Lamont that if he wants to meet a Republican in this audience, I could 
introduce him to a person who was sitting next to him — Prof. Louise Pettibone 
Smith, who I know as a registered Republican because I made her testify to 
that under oath in the Subversive Activities Control Board hearing. And 
what is more, she has been a registered Republican all her adult life. It has 
been very satisfying to work with the American Committee for Protection of 
the Foreign Born. As a matter of fact, the American Committee started Dave 
and me off in this field. The very first civil liberties case that we ever handled 
came into our office from the American Committee. That was a whopper. 
Turned out to be a man that needed a separate legal department for his cases. 
It involved Gerhart Eisler, who for our sins had to be foreign born. Anyway, 
we took that case all the way up to the Supreme Court too and then I sub- 
mooted. Yes, for the benefit of the few laymen in the audience, I should ex- 
plain that 'mooted' means that it made the whole thing purposeless, which he 
managed to do. But it has been a great satisfaction to work with the American 
Committee for Protection of the Foreign Born. In the next few days we will 
be presenting to the Supreme Court the case of Charles Rowoldt ; we will be 
doing that for the American Committee for Protection of the Foreign Born. 
What we are asking the Supreme Court to do in that case is to recognize, for the 
first time and contrary to their prior decisions, that the deportation powers 
like other powers of government are really controlled by the Bill of Rights and 
that the First Amendment applies to deportation powers. Bill of Attainder 
clause applies to the deportation powers, all of which seems very simple be- 


cause the Constitution makes no exception, but the courts have made that ex- 
ception. Maybe we'll lose; we hope we will win; maybe we'll win on some 
less fundamental point than the major point in the case which was whether 
the Constitution controls the deportation power. But win, lose or draw, I 
know that the American Committee is going to continue to wage a good fight 
for the protection of the rights of the Foreign Born and thereby for the pro- 
tection of all. As a matter of fact, the Department of Justice is so determined 
on persecuting the foreign born and it is so alarmed by the depletion in their 
number, to which Father Forbes referred, that it is doing its best to make native 
born citizens for.eign born, l)y denaturalizing native born Americans, and by such 
actions — as just a year or two ago when they tried to deport a fuUblooded 
Iroquois Indian. The Department of Justice said he really did not belong in 
this country. He won his case ; the courts pointed out that he had been here 
first. Well, I have talked longer than I had expected — possibly a little more 
solemnly than I exijected. I can only conclude by saying to you once again — 
I thank you very, very much." 

15. Chairman Smith taking over, stated: "Thank you Mr. Forer, in whose 
debt we are and shall remain. Before I come to the last of the evening's program, 
I have an introduction and an anouncement. In the first place you have met. you 
have heard Alec Jones from the Committee office and Abner Green opened this 
meeting, but I would like also to present to any of you who do not know her, 
and to re-present to those of you who do, Harriet Barron, Administrative Sec- 
retary. And a few members of the staff that also worked to make this and 
all the other things which the Committee must do for success, Grace Johnson 
and Helen Morgan. And I have been asked to announce that "To Vito Mar- 
cantonio, I vote my" is on sale in the lobby at the close of this dinner. 
We now come to hear the other guest of honor — the first to his family — Mrs. 
David Rein, his wife ; Mrs. Bertha Rein, his mother ; Mrs. Michael Besso, his 
sister. And now Mr. Rein, we have you to thank also for the work that Forer 
& Rein have done for this Committee. Mr. Rein is a graduate of Columbia 
University and Law School, a member of the New York City Charter Revision 
Commission, the Puerto Rican Reconstruction Administration, the National 
Labor Relations Board, O. P. A. and U. S. Marine Corps. He also went into 
private practice in 1946. He was counsel for Gerbart Eisler in the Supreme 
Court, the National Council for Soviet-American Friendship before the Sub- 
versive Activities Control Board, the case of Dr. Gundlach (?), the Ben Gold 
case, the case of William Heikkila. For all you've done for civil rights, and 
for us, thank you." 

16. David Rein stated : "It seems Joe and myself, before we came here, since this 
was only going to be one dinner with one price being paid — that the guests 
should be entitled to, rather subjected to, only one speech. We decided, there- 
fore, to let Joe, the si>eechmaker in the firm, make the speech which he has done. 
Abner, however, insisted that since he was giving out two guests, that both of 
us had to stand up on our feet and say sometliing. I'm glad, however, that Joe 
did come first. We did have a bargain that neither one of us would talk about 
the other, at least disparagingly, and although I trust Joe implicitly, I'm glad 
he came first .so I could know he kept his part of the bargain. So I'll keep mine — 
except I must tell you one story. You might think his family and his brothers 
came up from Trenton to see Joe because he was being honored tonight, but 
in fact I learned from one of his brothers that they were really curious to see 
just to see his partner, to see how anybody could have put up "with him all of 
these years. I have wanted to take this occasion for a few personal remarks ; I 
want to make to pay tribute to the person who is the guiding spirit of the Ameri- 
can Committee for so many years, and by that I mean of course Carol King, 
whom you have all heard referred to tonight. Carol King. I think certainly 
for myself, and I think probably I can speak for Joe, also is responsible as much 
as anybody, for the career of Forer & Rein, a career of iniquity which was started 
with the Eisler and which led to— I don't say its final culmination— but 
at least to the banquet here tonight. And perhaps, although Carol had tre- 
mendous ability and a number of abilities in terms of her legal skill, her ability 
and analysis. I think, the greatest ability that she had and the one I remember and 
cherish the most, is her inspirational ability and her ability to get us young 
lawyers like myself to be involved in civil liberties cases. I think, as a matter 
of fact, that our movement today and the forces of civil liberties could use a 
successor to Carol King to play the kind of role to young lawyers that Carol 
King did. It has always been significant to me that Carol, who was interested 
in civil liberties for everybody, made a decision early in her life to devote the 


major part of her energies to the role of the foreign born. For that reason she 
became counsel to this organization and devoted herself to it. Now, I discussed 
that with her on a number of occasions and she explained to me the reasons 
that she had for devoting herself to that line of work, and she saw the prob- 
lem as being based upon two basic principles which were really the basic princi- 
ples upon which the committee has worked and is continuing its work under the 
sterling leadership of the present Chairman, of course, Abner Green its Execu- 
tive Secretary. And that is the important point to bring out — that the foreign 
born are not really in face aliens. You note that when we discuss the judicial 
cases, the courts and what the Department of Justice says, they're always talk- 
ing about taking action against aliens. The American Committee, however, is 
not the American Committee for the Protection of Aliens, but the American 
Committee for Protection of the Foreign Born, and in that lies the real sig- 
nificance — the real significance of the difference of approach to the problem, 
which is the reason why the American Committee comes out right and the De- 
partment of Justice comes out wrong with respect to this. It was not so long 
ago, I think Dr. Lament commented about the work written by his uncle, that 
we recognized the contribution made to our society by the foreign born. Jt 
was the foreign born who really built the country, did all the backbreaking and 
menial jobs in the building of the railroads, in the building of our basic 
industry. It was also the foreign born who contributed all of us to this audience, 
to this country — we are all children of foreign born ; we are all children of 
immigrants. It was the foreign born who came here and they didn't come here 
just to sojourn briefiy and go home. They came here to build their lives and to 
help build America. They may technically, some of them may technically not 
be citizens and we consider, as a matter of fact that the number I think in the 
last census is as much as three million — for one reason or another they may not 
be citizens. Some, as Mr. Jones has told you like Charles Rowoldt, some had 
personal problems come up ; others never understood or appreciated the prob- 
lem because of the fact that i>erhaps they did not have proper education, not 
enough was made of it when they came here, to teach them of the need to become 
citizens, but they did become Americans in every real sense. They led their 
lives here and they became as much a part of America as those Avho were 
born here. The Department of Justice takes the point of view despite all of 
this tradition and despite all this history, that these foreign born are merely 
strangers who just happened to pass through this country and it is on that 
that we have had to take issue with them. The second basic principle on which 
the Committee is based, and the one I think the one that Carol King was made 
to devote her work to it, is that repressive measures against the foreign born 
has always had precedence in repressive measures against the rest of our 
society and against the citizens throughout the country. The example has 
already been given, the fact that the notorious Smith Act, which is the first 
l>eacetime sedition act we have ever had, I should probably say the second 
peacetime sedition act — the first was the iniquitous Alien, the American Alien 
& Sedition Acts, to show again the combination back in 1798 in the days of the 
opposition to Jefferson. As I said, Mr. Jones has already pointed out that the 
Smith Act was offered an an amendment to the Alien Registration Act of 1940. 
The Smith Act, which says nothing about aliens and nothing about the foreign 
born, was passed by Congress which was supposedly considering legislation 
against aliens without any consideration of really what it meant of what it 
implied. But we should also bear in mind that the first measure taken against 
any group of our society involving what has since become the widespread in- 
iquitous doctrine of guilt by association, was taken in legislation against the 
foreign born and that was in the Deportation Statutes of 1920. It was in those 
statutes that for the first time in American law the principle was established 
that action could be taken against individuals solely because of their membership 
in an organization, without regard to any conduct on their part of any kind 
or character. Once that doctrine had been accepted in the alien field, it was 
spread — it was spread in the Smith Act — subsequently spread in the Loyalty 
Order, and it is now spready today — today in every Vk^alking field of American 
life — this doctrine of guilt by association. Surprisingly enough, the legal argu- 
ments which the government uses in connection with this usually goes as 
follows : You first attempt to bring in these innovations and doctrines to destroy 
constitutional rights in the field of aliens and when they're opposed in court the 
Department of Justice takes the position that aliens are different from other 
people and they are really not subject to the constitution, not entitled to the 
constitution and therefore let's apply this particular principle to aliens. Once 



the principle is applied, they back in there and say, well this principle ought to 
be applied to citizens, because look, you applied it to aliens recently and by 
the logic — the simple logic that if it was reasonable to apply it there, it is 
reasonable to apply it here, and therefore anywhere so that we find quite con- 
sistently the government can get away with invasion of constitutional rights in 
the field of alien law and attempts to carry through that principle in other fields. 
These are the principles which are at issue again in the Rowoldt case and these 
are the principles we are going to attempt to convince the Supreme Court of 
next week. There has been some discussion here about being optimistic and 
pessimistic in the short run or in the long run. I think, realistically, I think 
as Osmond Fraenkel informed Mrs. Forer, that the firm of Forer & Rein never 
loses any case; those cases that we lost were always forgotten about — it was 
always somebody else's fault of course but they're very few in number. But 
at any rate, we must keep our fingers crossed as to the possibility of success 
in this case because it has only been two short years ago that the same principle 
was decided against us by the Supreme Court. We are confident, however, that 
these principles will apply ultimately, and by ultimately I mean in the not too 
far distant future and that the work of the American Committee in protecting 
the rights of the foreign born and thru them the constitutional rights of all 
of us will be vindicated. I want to thank you personally for the honor that you 
have tendered me here and say that I am very grateful." 

17. Chairman Smith concluded "Thank you and good night," at which this 
testimonial dinner came to a close at 11 : 12 P. M. 

Following is is a list of the persons attending this dinner, and the tables at 
which they were seated : 

Table No. 1 

Morris Forer 
Mrs. Morris Forer 
Dr. Robert Forer 
Mrs. Robert Forer 
Mrs. Hilda Roberts 
Mrs. June Gallup 

Talle No. 2 

Frieda Malbin 
Felix Ridge 
Florence Blendes 
David Vier 
Tamara Tkach 

Table No. 3 

Mrs. Ellas Besso 
Bernard Jaffe 
Grace Hutchins 
Anna Rochester 
Martin Young 
Mrs. Martin Young 
Mrs. Edith Be.sso 
Mrs. Bertha Rein 
Michael Besso 

Table No. Jf 

Dr. Otto Nathan 
Rhoda Laks 
Leonard Bouden 
Mrs. Leonard Bouden 
Mrs. Victor Rabinowitz 
Jane Forer 

John Abt 
Mrs. John Abt 
Blanche Freedman 
David Freedman 
Mrs. M. Goldman 
Marcus Goldman 
Mr. Samols 
Mrs. Samols 

Table No. 5 

Mrs. Kenneth R. Forbes 
Frank Doune 
Henry Collins 
Angus Keeney 
Mary Jane Keeney 

Tabic No. 6 

Abraham Unger 
Mrs. Joseph Diamond 
Mrs. Harold Caramer 
Harold Cammer 
Nathan Witt 
Ralph Shapiro 
Rose Russell 
Abraham Lederman 
Henry Rubin 
Mrs. Henry Rubin 

Table No. 7 

Herman Rosenfeld 
Ed. J. Malament 
Julius Cohen 
Albert CoUoms 
William L. Standard 
Russ Nixon 
Abram Flaxer 

Tabic No. 8 

Leon Strauss 

Ira GoUobin 

Esther GoUobin 

A. A. Heller 

Louise Malley 

Ida Pruitt 

Dr. Dorothy Brewster 

Table No. 9 

Hilda Kasik 
H. Katzen 
Arthur Kasik 
M. A. Abernathy 
Mrs. Junius Ocales 
J. Wallach 

Table No. 11 

Rose Tarazona 
S. Rosen 
Benny Saltzman 
Mrs. Benny Saltzman 
Grete Blodow 
Edna Maher 
Armenian Progressive 

David Scribner 

Table No. IS 

Mrs. Jean Hirschon 
Jean Hirschon 
Florence Tabor 



Tabic No. 13 — Continued 

Mrs. Morton Stavis 
Mary Gandall 
Simon Schachter 
Mrs. Simon Schachter 
Samuel Koenigsberg 
Morton Stavis 

Table No. 14 

Richard Morford 

Nathan G. Silvermas- 

Mrs. Nathan G. Silver- 

William L. UUman 

Joseph Belser 

Arthur Stein 

Mrs. Arthur Stein 

Gertrude Evans 

Table No. 15 

Dunylnyshn (?) 

Table No. 16 

E. L. Peum 
Jennie Brownstein 
Rose Nelson 
Jenny Schiller 
Crown Heights E. L. 
Mrs. Clara Shavelson 
Molly Berger 
Seagate E. L. 

Table No. 17 

Rose Katz 
Simon Feldman 
Mrs. Simon Feldman 
Dora Davies 
Clara Gelman 
Dora Van Duren 
Pauline Royce 
Yetta Sobol 

Table No. 18 

Muriel Symington 
Irving Taffler 
Jeanne Malmond 
Bessie Geiser 
S. Merkins 
Becky Friedman 
O. Marrian 

Table No. 20 

Mary Egger 
Harry Egger 

Table No. 21 

Charles Mueller 
Mrs. Charles Mueller 
Miss W. Plummer 
Lil Kurtz 
Leo Hartman 
Mrs. S. Kaskens 
S. Kaskens 
Richard Lasuly 

Table No. 22 

Dorothy Rose Blumberg 

Table No. 23 

Mrs. Forsyth 
E. Tompkins 
John Marsalka 

Table No. 2^ 

M. Simon 
Else Bimba 
J. Weiss 
Mrs. Sasna 

Table No. 25 

Anna Rajewicz 
Helen Oberkirch 
Rose Golomb 
Pearl Ger 
Evelyn Abelson 
Grace Johnson 
Helen Morgan 
Mona Jones 

Table No. 26 

E. Roth 

6. Berkowitz 




E. Dattler 

H. Markovpitz 

R. Weinstock 

A. Zevin 

John Litz 


Exhibit No. 139 


flfiiffiiCBo cflUKnuHf for 


of LOUISE PEniiONESMiiM |L>^ 23 WEST 26rt, STREET • NEW YORK 10, N. Y. . MUrroy Hill4-34S7 


HA««lET 8*««0N 


J«2jr ;^, 1956 

I E~.i, G e. ch 

Prof l(5,«l > 
P«v Slec^ti 

Hotel Salmont Pltfa 

S«ar Ur. Iiplaat 

Pl*aM find, •noloaad oar ehe<A: la tb« oBotmt of $100.00 
aa th* rtqxwttod Aspoalt for oar toatlaoalal dinner eehedaled 
for fhxraia^, Ootober 11, 1966. 

ChaBldBc Tim for yoor cooperation and that of Mr. ?ezklaa, 






Exhibit No. 140 
The Lamp, No. 65, February- March, 1951, p. 2 

im D^OttTATK^ EHtlVl 

Addilmnal arrejsJ*, as well as renew<^ activity oa oW cane*, i>rou«;)il the 
tot«l riuasbcr of noa-<'iiiien» now (m^a^ SlcVjima L«w (i«f»arUtiMi proc*c<!- 
injKs lo more lli^n 175 in Z3 sutes, llse iiia«t efrioim LiBme<iiai« M>|>«rt of ibf 

<ii:porUl!on c!^i^e, however, cootioue* U) be li>c Justice Departsaent'e attsck 
nn ihr American riglit lo bail. wbicJi i« «li»cua»ed in » special report. 

<^ Cas«s 

L M year, th« justice Department wrote ta m&ny iKffit-citueiM in aii past* 
ai like country w!jo bad i»een urtieresl dcpocied during S,'>20 or 1930, but w!j«»e 
lirportation couy aot Jxe effected Btw; tiiey were imjI citiaeti* of any counlxy. 
Tiie justice Department wTote to tiie«e noo-<-iji»eo» to threaten ikem that, ua- 
le«a they literaUy "(ieported tfaemielvca,'' they would face a ten-year prison 
•enteticc, an provided by tise McQsrran l-jiw. .4ft«r tfaeae letter* were sent, thf, 
joittice DepartrocaS started to put into effect (me other pruviaioo of tbe Mc- 
Carran Law an<l tried to place theae non-citiaen* oc "parole." Under parole 
»KreemeBt, non-citiieo» wimid have to report regriiarly in person, aabinit to 
ii«ychiatric examination, aad give iaformatioB aa lo aauocialea aod activities. 
f^gal acliijn ia l>eiBg taken in all caae* to defeat any atte;mpt to deprive Bon- 
ciliaeoa of their democratic rights. 

D«l»ortotie»n HAortn^s 

McCarrao l^w defwrtation hearing are in progreae at the preaen! time 
in aii parti of the country. About 35 hearica have beeai compkted and are 
awailuij; a decJsioti by the Coramisaioner of Inunijiralioii and Naturaliaation. 
Another 40 hearing* are scheduled and will be completed m the sear fature. 

On Jajsuary 10 and !1, deportation hearings were held in Saa Frauciaco 
in the case of I)r, ^ niBhn"_.?il>ffl"'^'"'' <*f Sacraraeato, who faces deportation to 
Ijidia aoieh because of hia paat raemberahip in a fraternal insuraiice organiza- 
tion, the intemationa! Workers Ortler. Tbe hearing officer took the ca«e under 
atlv!«cro«at und ha« as yet made no recommeadation. 


f^ew York. On January 2, Pan! Cin at, of Clinton Corotr*, HungaritiD- 
Aiaericaa, father of three American-bffra children, reicaacd on $2/>00 baiL 

On February 20, gaal Vuditch, 63, native of Rsifsja, father of two American- 
born thildrec, lalioF editorof the Jewish Daily Freibeit, held without bail 

Detroit: On December 28, Motuca itryn a, 50, native of Poiaad, mother 
of 7 AKserican-bom children, two m •whoii'tcrwtd in tlte U. S. Arsny Auris^ 
World ^'m H, reicaised on $2,000 bail 

Portland, Oregon: Four member* of the Alaaka Caaaery Workexi Unitm, 
Ix>ca! 7-C, ILUX- — Ramon Taucioco, Pete__CdbomaT, ComjlancJo Cargado, 

Soae Rayfflun<!o^ -were~aFreit*<r faying j juiuary aiuTbeld for 3ej>ortai5Sj~lo" 
fieTramppjne'Ialaada. The fotir were reicaacd en $1,000 bail eccii. 

Son Francuro: On January 9, I da Rothat eia, 54, native of Ruasia, t<mid»it 
of tbe U. S. for 44 years, was arrSiSed and released on 15,000 baiiL Mni. 
Rothslein, secretary of the SF Ciril Right* Congress, riaima to be an Ajnericats 
rinren on the ba«i» of her conimoa-Iaw marrisge to an AHicricsn ciliaen. 

Lo3 Angelei: On January 18, Raye Rubia, 50, who waa brought into thia 
rounlry when she wax less than lwV~m5HtK5r'old, wa» arreated and held for 
deportalioa lo Lithuania. She was rele^aed on S-i.(jOO bail. Mrs. Rubin, a 
rcaidetil of Torr.iaee, i» married to an Auieriean cisixen and i« former 
preaidenl t4 tbe Women'* At«iliary of the National Maritime Union. 

Orgemisatkmeif Aetiviticc 

tj(e.'»fui« i»3<-0 M thf ACPr>- U>: ' '■•'. 
mf'.a4c% The Drpn-ij'i.ip Dr.. v, 'I -.r i' 
■J Righa, ' by A.biirr Often a '4 [«.■? i .'■ 
phlrt D«<Jij PiraJicl. i9.'0 1 I'-! ■ 1 -- :.if 
mji Uk rilnwr R»i<)« wiih i!k cusrcm acporU- 
ti'.ti hyttTfn; 'Umin Buwai^ Dtijurtr-CT' i.* 
justice S«rlc," a Uiidci dticasszofi itw c-^v'^ of 
Iprnjcrs tnti membrrs of th? Alulu Cinnery 
VCwken Unioo. Ijxil ■'-C. ILWf. vut.nrn 
of the dejxirtiiioo hyiwiu, 

J/«(W dtpQtut itfemi .-nmm.'i/tr; tn: 
htm o'ltnizrd in thr ImericJt mi 
BhUh Amiu:ut mmmtiniuii. .Sou hrtaf 
GTgAnnea are commitltfii in the lulijit- 
Aaetrr.,, ^mJ »»»....,.--!»....' .- ,,■„■■ 1 
Comiftniet r"f F' ' ■ 
hiinf oif <»/.:.■« 
Do., iip<k,n ,. 

Tori *r ^'-"nh.n C ■ -e I I.I) '., /, ; , c " ' 
•h^ has br<H It msmbft jj^ 40 ytar: 

Tin Midwrtf OMnmitrre for I^roreafrri ,4 
Foteign Bora has i<»ut,i a spevui f;i; trr, w: < 
Dtpin jiniei Kelirr. rfuiciit oi 'h? I S ! r 
*■? rears and acti-vf *ra4<r unjnni^l U;- ■ ' \-,- ^ 

TiM _^iMitiu-m y-/;:,:' ■■' - — - ' •■ 
f'/ji.iUu.iLjiLti: , 

hmit'l- i::iJ - 
'.•jd, >»;.;»:..• (, - :' 

A Oi mmitt^ y > D< ; -■^, 

leader of'Ihe tirecl^rncii;.iri ~^ 

5f«>n5or5.hjp of (ji« Los AnjBcJri '■ 
Prntwltivn of Forfig;l B-^r'-" 

A i>:Uir. "V H BtT 
Kiutd 4» iht (M<. "..,;,» 

Fw/'a *Md Mario Ac. 

•irthdoy GrMttlngs 

Tbe ACPFB •»...!« t.i riTtr,A r,,;;, 
»jp to ttw (O'i'i- 
aiaxui the !''0 
tioR fK>m eheu '- 

FA, 2 --HUl.-! 

Feb. 4 ~Vm.-:'-P' 
F<* 7 —;».-!. < 

Fr+) 11 

Feb, M 
Feb. n 


K ]Va!iooa!_J?5%>men'» Aj_ipea!_for the JfU^&_of l"orei|ji 8.1ttS...Affllcrilil8»« 
wa« or^aniieJTa! a reception !r)~ScwYort X\Xv nnTatiuary 27. Honorary Co- 
(Chairmen are ^'ns. < harlot?! Ba«e. of i^oe kn^K-if*: I>r. Dttrothv Brewrter, of 
New York; and !V»f louiw Peliiboat- Smith, of Uoatnn. I'ta Hagen and Ada 
B. Jackson are < jy-Chairmen; .Hid Belle BaiHiasoa i« national neeretary. Tbe 
Niilionai \^ omens .Vppe.ii will »eck to inform the .American people of threat 
of deportation to the welfare of American famiiiea and will pay apecial atten- 
tion to tbe raaca of .^0 women who face depnrtatiora. 

— ^; 

ai"?*— Jlomot Itna 



Exhibit No. 141 
Dailv Worker, January 19, 1951, p. 8 

|Wo¥erRipfs lead J 
iPlea for Foreign Born I 

Mrs. Charlotta Bass, editor of the California Eagle, Los 
AngelesTlSSEfewster. of New York, and Prof. . . Louise^ 
P ^ttibone Sm ith, of NVelTesley, will serve as honorary chair^ 

men, and \[\-\ H-y^ and M rs. Ada 
, B. lackson will serve as co-chair- 
men ot the newly formed National 
Women's Appeal for the Rights of 
Foreign Born Americans, it was 
announced today by Belle Mailyn - 
son, national secretary of the »r- 
ganization. The National Wom- 
en's Appeal is planning to launch 
a nation-wide campaign in de- 
fense of the 28 wooien facing de- 

"These women are among the 
more than 160 Americans of for- 
eign birth who face forcible sepa- 
ration from their homes and fam- 
ilies through deportation procee-d- 
ings launched by the Justice De- 
ipartment," Miss Bailynson de- 
jclared. "At least 50(> more women 
! are included among the 3,400 addi- 
tional foreign-born Americans the 
Justice Department has .slated for 
expulsion in the current dejwrta- 
tion drive." 

Miss Bailynson pointed out that 
the 28 wtimen singled out as the 
first victims have been legal re,s- 
idents of tJie United States for 30 
to 45 years. "They have roots that 
go deep in American society. Most 
of them are married, to American 
citizens and have long-established ^ 
homes here. They are mothers of 
37 American-born children. Four; 
are mothers of veterans who served ' 
in the United States armed fences 
during World V\'ar II. Five are 
grand rriothers." 

Each of 28 women, Bailyn- 
son said, has long records of serv- 
ice in public welfare, in their 
communities, many of them being 
leaders of trade unions, fratemal, 
coasumer and other group.s. 

"The. threat to the families of 
these women is an immediate one," 
Miss Ba»Iyj>.son warned. "Each has 

been served with a warrant of ar-. 
rest. Six are among the 48 nou- s 
citizens seized by the Jtistice De-> 
partment during October, 1950 
and imprisoned without bail.' 
Miriam Stevenson, one of the 
group, a former trade union leader 
ia li>s Angeles, is still in deten- 
tion sejmrated from her husband 
and son. 

"We have organized the Na- 
tional Women's Appeal and are 
calling on women throughout the 
nation to support our campaign to 
protect the right: of the 28 women 
and others whose homes are en- 
dangered by the current deporta- 
tion hysteria." 

A reception to honor the six 
New York women victims will be 
held on Saturday afternoon, Jan. 
27, at Adelphi Hall. 74 Fifth Ave.. 
New York City. The six to he 
honored are Betty Gannett, Ida 
Oottesman, Claudia Jones, Dora 
Lipshitz, Rose Nelson and Aanna 

Additional information regard- 
ing the National Women's Appeal 
may l)e obtained by writing to Miss 
Belle Bailynson . Secretary, 23 W, 
■2?rSC77ew?ork 10, N. Y. 


Exhibit No. 142 






























; ^1 -^ 


Exhibit No. 143 
[Dally Worker, May 18, 1951, p. 3] 

Women Visit Capital, Assail McCarran Drive 

Washington, May 17. — A delegation of 20 women from seven states today 
appealed to President Truman, Attorney General McGrath and Commissioner of 
Immigration A. R. Mackey to call a halt to the McCarran deportation proceedings 
which they charged threatened to "destroy the homes of 170 law-abiding citizens." 

The group presented to David K. Niles, executive assistant to the President, 
an open letter signed by 55 prominent American women. 

It views "the action of the Department of Justice in applying provisions of the 
McCarran law to unjustly deport 170 law-abiding noncitizens from the United 
States" with grave concern. "It is disturbing to thinly," stated the Open Letter, 
"what effect the persecution of these noncitizens will have on the civil rights of 
every resident of the United States, citizen and noncitizen alike, since these de- 
portations are based on the unconstitutional proposition of denying noncitizens 
freedom of speech and belief. Denial of these freedoms to the foreign-born 
would strike at the freedom of all Americans." 

Included among the women who signed the letter were : Anita Alverez, Bella 
S. Abzug, Dr. Dorothy Brewster, Sarah Cleghorn, Jeanne Cole, Bishop M. L. 
Deborah, Susan d'Usseau, Muriel Draper, Sara Bard Field, Dr. Georgia Hark- 
ness, Grace Hutchins. 

Also, Pearl Laws, Ray Lev, Prof. Mildred J. Ludwig, Katherine A. Van 
Orden, Prof. Bertha H. Putnam, Rose S. Rosenberg, Prof. Louise Pettibone Smith, 
Mrs. Dalton Trumbo, Dr. Gene Weltflsh and Esther Allen Caw. 

Mrs. Halois Moorehead, of New York, headed the women's delegation. The 
group stopped briefly at the White House while the Rev. Mother Lena Stokes 
offered a prayer for the foreign-born men and women who are being persecuted 
under the McCarran Law. 

The women came here under the auspices of the National Women's Appeal for 
the Rights of the Foreign-born. They marched in a body to the hearing chambers 
of the Immigration Board of Appeals. There they heard attorneys Carol King 
and Isidore Englander argue the appeal on the deportation order against Rose 
Nelson Lightcap, first McCarran Law deportation case to be appealed before the 
three-member Immigration Appeals body. 

Alan Brown, Detroit lawyer and Mrs. King also denounced the deportation 
order against John Zydok, Detroit worker, as unconstitutional. 


Harry Raymond, Daily Worker reporter and husband of Rose Nelson, pleaded 
with the board to overrule the order for his wife's deportation. He charged the 
order was aimed at breaking up his home. 

"My wife is as good an American as anyone in this room," Raymond told the 

He pointed out that through her marriage to him she became part of an Amer- 
ican family with a proud record of service to American democracy. 

"William Floyd, an ancestor on my father's side, signed the Declaration of 
Independence," he said. "My grandfather, Jacob Lightcap, a Union soldier in 
the Civil War, was wounded at Fredericksburg. I served at the front in World 
War I, and my brother served as a colonel in World War II. 

"And I am proud to say that my wife had added to this record. She has 
always stood for and fought for the best principles of democracy. I appeal to 
this board to reject this deportation order which threatens to destroy my home 
and break up my family." 

Rose Nelson, formerly vice-president of the women's division of the Jewish 
People's Fraternal Order, came to the U. S. with her parents in 1903 from the 
Ukraine to escape persecution of the Jewish people. She has been an active 
leader in the consumers' and women's movements for many years. 

The women's delegation pointed out that among the noncitizens threatened 
with deportation are 28 women, the majority of wliom are married to American 
citizens. Some, the delegation said, are grandmothers of American-born children ; 
some are mothers of veterans of World War II. 

Divided into three groups, the women's delegation not only visited the Presi- 
dent's aide and the Immigration Commissioner, but also members of Congress. 
The groups were led by Mrs. Mollie Berger, Mrs. Edith Roberts and Mrs. Lena 



Exhibit No. 144 
The Lamp, October-November, 1951, p. 2 


The Nainmai '%onwii'» Appeal for the Hi^U of Foreign Bum Ajiieriauai 

h,a« inilirfied a rampaipj hfouihI the cjw» of i>or« (^ieiiian, PhiiadelphU mctlier 
of thcfv chMrtn. This csne will be atrgatd before tke VS. Supnftae Cstoft 
•Juriiig ibt; w«-k t>f N'tivemher 26. Mrs. Cokxttan was brott^t to tlie U^. wfeeo 
«hc was 14 rrars old, in 19!4, unci ban lived bere continuoaniy aiiMX tbat time. 
-hf wiH bf rcprpwiited by David Rpiii, 'R'aehinjcton Bltoriiey. A special fobier 
II! the iise of Dora ("oletnan i« in preparation. Copies may b« obtained by 
< i>mniuFuf.iUon« with ibe National Woroen'« Ap|)««l, 23 WeM 26 Street, New 
> ..rk Ki, N. Y 


uf ordprc-d <lep«rted 20 to 30 yearn ago, and witose deportation* 
i.ilrd. arc Ix-infi pr«»»iired into ail kindn of parole arraiiKPBieut*. 

, i ,,,. .^t vi.-ioim provijiorw of tbe Mc<"arTan Law is tlic drniiiid thai non- 
inis (>r>i<"rfi' <1< (luricf! report pcritwiically to ibr Immisralioii >tT.i(:e niib- 
!n.g !o '■. . . mi-<li( ji asiii psypbiatric fxamination at the expftw of the I'.S.; 
ill pile inforiiialion under oath as to his nationality, rirt:um»lance#, babita. 
liaiions. and ;ictn itifs. and such other information whether or not re!a!ed 
If fori|;<)ini! a* the Attorney (ienera! mar deem fit and proper; and i4i 
imfoim t" H'lrh reasiJijabie written re«trirtion« on his condurl or ac-tivitie* 
re pris, ri!>ed h\ tin- Aitomey (General in bin ra.«e." 

The >iTii<i- !ia« bf-eu demanding of non-eitixen* in ihid retPtcury that 
tw^enrr "fponsors" to whom to reperrt, peri<;Mbfa!!> . Kailiiip (o prodiiee 
i.«i>ris four non-<iliic!./i were ordered in l-o* Angrlen to nporl la indi- 
ai« dppoiiil.d !iv the >erv loe. On*- of the iudividuab ri<)iip"li>d the reporl- 
;,. in doiM- 111 hini -II the Ameniaii LcfT'on Hail \lii-rnev Aii!»rey Finn. 
1.- Aiittcle-. apphtd for an injunction. The court ord-red that Ftnemmen! 
linti-d <iton«ori; were ilh-gal, Tlie government i» appealing the cane. 




The ca»<- of Frank Speetor. who wa« indicted under the .McCanraa law 
f.iduire lo deport hini«elf, w«« argued before Federal Judge Uilliam <'. 
[ >.- Vsit! !f «. The Judge ruled par! of the indictment constitutional, 
d part, penalixinj! aliens for wiifully failinj: "to 

! ra*e! or other documents nere«*ary to departure," 

"inee! the easenti.d reqnirejneot* of due proces* 

iliii .\!i«-niija( ii iif the ( .<m«utution." Tlie Government is appeaSirag 


f.irined 'St orker' 
AV),.(,i() and h. 


!■.!.;(. iiiMi! 4,..; i ,.>()()era(ive I'nion 

>, ■.r.lwr iett. .:■.■.! n commtmiratiot-! 

Amvrtca Sp«aki 

The Sistetuth Vt Omventkw iillc<) i-.-r 
"l-O end to iVporliiioni' tnrf haini^mi m <,i 
forei^-feora becauie of fn«f politic*! Wl ii',, 
in a motution ixi Civil Ritbif In a >rj«ier 
reiolutioo the Convrnii^i, fojuntuK-d ''>•■ n 
ma m dejjortatino fwixecdmf; 
OMtioiSsr, joe "WdXT and Mr. 

The Mrtbo.^ 



id thr 

protcttit.n uf :;-• 

an.' :hc 



iv, Gcr,: 

•h.',- !■< 

■ill ':,e ' 

Cifian .Act Thc« 

take piare ivrauic th^ .^, 

dii« fK't leai^ni;/' the Kj.^v. 
to think as tbtrf fiinsr anj U-U • 

airthday Cr»*(in0i:. 

The .AmrriCirt T. - 

nf the \!.r|-!i 

85333 O— 57— pt. 2- 


Exhibit No. 145A 

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Exhibit No. 146A 




From Eulolia Figueiredo 

From Katherine Hyndmon 

*x. *^ 

Ellis Island 
New York, N. Y. 
Dear Friend: 

Did you ever see New York on 
a clear night, from Ellis Island? 
It is beautiful, like a fairy tale. 

People here look out to New 
York longingly, so near, yet so far, 
and so hard to get to. 

It is hard for these people to 
understand my arrest and detention 
on Ellis Island and threatened de- 
portation to Portugal. They have 

Lake County Jail 
Crown Point, Indiana 

Dear Friend: 

I was told the disturbing news 
that Federal Judge Luther M. Swy- 
gert denied my plea for bail pend- 
ing completion of deportation pro- 
ceedings in my case. 

It is now almost 5 months since 
I was re-arrested. And, unless the 
appellate court overrules Judge Swy- 



Exhibit No. 146B 

From Eulalia Figueiredo 

been told that it is the right and 
privilege of one who hves in the 
U.S.'A. to think as she pleases. I 
have committed no crime. My labors 
ha\e always been with my fellow 
workers to make a happier life for 
all of us. Yet I am being punished, 
and threatened with banishment 
from this, my country and people. 

In my case, mockery is made of 
the U.S.A. tradition of asylum for 
the oppressed. If I am returned to 
Portugal, I face persecution with 
possible internment in a concentra- 
tion camp and death. The censor- 
ship is so tight that one cannot 
even get news of what is happening 
in that land run by a fascist dictator. 

I am encouraged by the many 
letters I have received; by the fight 
of the National Women's Appeal; 
and by the stand of the 400 organ- 
izations. Catholic, Protestant, Jew- 
ish, co-operatives and labor unions, 
who testified before the President's 
Commission on Immigration asking 
for repeal or amendment of the 
Walter-McCarran Law. 

I have been in this country since 
I was 10 years old and have lived 
here for over 32 years. I have no 
other home. What I am — this 
country has made me. The court 
fight to test the right of the Im- 
migration Department to deport has 
significance far beyond me. It will 
test the right of Congress to make 
laws which nullify the Bill of 
Rights. It deserves the support of 
all who cherish freedom and liberty. 

The denial of bail to me and 
others is also a violation of a funda- 
mental right. I urge you to write to 
the Attorney General protesting the 
denial of bail in deportation cases. 
The right of bail should be restored 
to all. 

Sincerely yours, 
Eulalia Figueiredo 

From Katherine Hyndmon 

gert's decision, I may have to spend 
months — perhaps years — in the 
county jail while deportation pro- 
ceedings go from one department 
of Immigration and Naturalization 
Service to another. 

The irony of the situation is that 
I have committed no crime, nor 
have I been accused of any crime. 
The only piece of evidence intro- 
duced against me at the habeas 
corpus hearings was that I had been 
arrested in the Spring of 1950 for 
distributing a leaflet which read 
"Stop the War in Korea!" 

However, Judge William J Mur- 
ray threw this charge out of Crim- 
inal Court at Crown Point on No- 
vember 17th, ruling that Americans 
do have the right to petition the 
government for withdrawal of 
troops from Korea. He declared in 
his decision: "To rule against any 
group in such a manner would be 
treacling on dangerous ground ..." 

To those who say they abhor what 
is happening to me, but refuse to 
speak up for fear of their own per- 
sonal security, I say your security 
is a figment of your imagination, 
for you have no security. As long 
as non-citizens can be held in jail 
for no cause, then no one is secure. 
There will be security and freedom 
from fear only when the rights of 
all to political dissent is assured. 

As one who knows what it means 
to spend 24 hours a day behind 
prison bars, I urge you to write At- 
torney General Herbert Brownell, 
Jr., Department of Justice, Wash- 
ington, D. C, protesting the denial 
of bail in deportation cases. De- 
mand he restore the right to bail to 

Sincerely yours, 
Katherine Hyndman 


Exhibit No. 146C 

Help Repeal the modern ''Alien and Sedition" Law — the 
Walter-McCarran Act. Halt the Persecution of Foreign-Born. 
Safeguard and maintain the American home and family. 
Contribute to the defense of Katherine Hyndman and Eulalia 

Name Address Contribution 












Please return together with all contributions to: 

National W^omen's Appeal for the Rights of Foreign Born Americans 
160 Fifth Avenue Netv York 10, N. Y. 


Exhibit No. 146D 

Join the millions who have expressed opposition to the 
Walter-McCarran Law, under which Eulalia FigueiredOr 
Katherine Hyndman and hundreds of others are threatened 
with deportation and denaturalization. 

7. Wire, write to the Attorney General urging him to cancel 
the deportation proceedings against Eulalia Figueiredo 
and Katherine Hyndman. 

2. Wire, write to the Attorney General urging him to restore 
the right to bail to non-citizens arrested in deportation 

3. Wire, write or call upon your Congressman urging him to 
support the repeal of the Walter-McCarran Law. 

4. Appeal to all organizations of which you are a member 
to act on the cases of Mrs. Eulalia Figueiredo and Katherine 
Hyndman and support the repeal of the Walter-McCarran 

National Women's Appeal for the Rights of Foreign Born Americans 
160 Fifth Avenue, New York 10, N. Y. 

□ Please send me additional copies of this folder on 

the cases of Eulalia Figueiredo and Katherine Hyndman. 

□ Enclosed find $ as a contribution for the defense of 

Eulalia Figueiredo and Katherine Hyndman. 



City, Zone, State 


Exhibit No. 147 
[Daily Worker, May 12, 1953, p. 5] 

A Better World 

(By Elizabeth Gurley Flynn) 

We Greet Our Immigrant Mothers 

A letter came to me for all of you to read. It made me think of our mother, 
Annie Gurley, who came to this country in 1876, an Irish immigrant girl of 17. 
Mama was a staunch believer in the freedom of Ireland when she came here. She 
gloried in her Fenian ancestors, who were imprisoned, refugees, and some of 
them hanged for their country's sake. Here she became a suffragette, a supporter 
of trade unions, voted the Socialist ticket from 1920 on, and was proud of my 
activities in the Conmiunist Party, which she approved of my joining in 1937. 
She had children and grandchildren. I would not dare to tell all this of our 
dear mother except that she is dead— lest under the McCarran Act she would be 
placed on Ellis Island and deported to Ireland. It does happen here as the 
following letter shows : 

"Dear Elizabeth: Last Sunday was Mothers' Day. Young and old paid 
tribute to mothers for their devotion and desire for their children to grow up in 
a world of peace and security, for their role in maintaining the family and the 
home. Yet, in spite of the recognition of the role and importance of mothers and 
the pious talk of the sanctity of the home, there are today many mothers who 
are threatened with being torn from their children and homes because of accident 
of birth in another country. Most of these mothers and grandmothers have spent 
the greater part of their lives in this land and raised their families. Some of 
their children have served in the armed forces, yet today these motliers live under 
the shadow of deportation. 

"The Justice Department, under the provisions of the Walter-McCarran Law 
is now threatening many thousands more citizens and noncitizens with this cruel 
separation from their loved ones. 

"But, I want to tell you of a real Mothers' Day Olel)ration that will take place 
Thursday at Manhattan Plaza, in New York City. This celebration, sponsored by 
National Women's Appeal has selected a special group of women to honor. They 
are the mothers who face deportation under the infamous Walter-McCarran Law. 
We have selected as 'Mother of the Year' a woman whom we feel best epitomizes 
the beauty of a courageous working class mother. She is Marie Kratochvil, great- 
grandmother from Chicago, who is coming here to be our guest of honor. 

"Marie came to our shores back in 1906 as a very young mother with her 
husband and baby daughter. Later there were four more daughters. She 
helped support them as a domestic worker and as a mangle operator, often work- 
ing 16 hours a day. She raised a fine family and they rewarded her care by grow- 
ing into fine American women. 

"One was a WAC in World War II, another is a grandmother. Today, at the 
age of 71, Marie is threatened with exile. This kind-faced, generous-hearted 
great-grandmother is known and loved by thousands who know her for her many 
helpful deeds and her work to better the life of the people around her. 

"We are proud of our choice of Marie Kratochvil as 'Mother of the Year' and 
we want you and your readers to meet her, for to know her is to love her. 

"She will bring with her a personal message from Katherine Hyndman whom 
she will visit in jail prior to her trip here. I want to take this opportunity to 
thank you for your fine column in which you brought forward the facts concern- 
ing Katherine's imprisonment since Oct. 7, 19r)2, in Crown Point Countv Jail 

"Another feature of this Mothers' Day celebration will be the special tribute 
to be paid to a Gold Star mother, Mrs. Sadie Saltzman, by her son Bernard. 
He is the young man who stood beside his twin brother when he was killed in 
the Battle of the Bulge in World War II, and is himself the holder of the Purple 
Heart and five Battle Stars. His father, an honest worker who was active in 
the Painters Union when gangsters were trying to gain control, has now been 
ordered deported. 


"Other outstanding women who will appear on the program will include your 
co-defendant, Claudia Jones, herself a 'double jeopardy' victim of both the Smith 
and Walter-McCarran Acts. Karen Morley, the famous actress, known for her 
courageous stand before the witch-hunt committees and for her devotion to the 
cause of peace, will do a dramatic reading of three beautiful poems. 

"There will be songs and refreshments. Presiding over the celebration will be 
Halois Moorehead Robinson, noted leader in the trade union and peace move- 
ments. There will be other features which we are keeping as a surprise but 
will add up to a wonderful evening which I am sure you and your readers will 
enjoy. We look forward to seeing you there. 
"Sincerely yours. 

"Miriam Doyle, 
"Executive Secretary, National Wonicns Appeal." 

The National Women's Appeal (For the Rights of Foreign Born Americans) has 
its office at 160 Fifth 'Ave. It is a committee of devoted women who have con- 
cerned themselves with the case of 43 women, threatened with deportation, 
of whom Marie Kratochvil is one. 

Born in Czechoslovakia 71 years ago, as Mrs. Doyle's letter points out, she has 
been in this country nearly HO years. The charge against her, under the Mc- 
Carran Law, is that she belonged to an allegedly subversive organization 20 
years ago. The bail of $3,000 was raised among her many indignant friends in the 
city of Chicago. 

She is today one of over 3,400 Americans held for deportation in various parts 
of our land, for the crime of not being liorn here. They are threatened with 
concentration camps, denial of the right to bail, star chamber proceedings, 
intimidation, mass arrests. American naturalized citizens are threatened with 
cancellation of citizenship — as in a score of cases around the country today. 

I will feel honored to be present Thursday night at Manhattan Plaza, 66 East 
Fourth St., to greet and honor all women who are defendants under the Mc- 
Carran Act, personified by ]Mrs. Kratochvil and Mrs. Salzman, and to honor 
all our millions of foreign born immigrant mothers, who heli)ed build America. 


Exhibit No. 148A 


"unite for our 
common interests 


• • • 

>f >f >fCALL 

FOR '" 




JUNE 10 and 11 ^^^^ ' 



>f >f >f 


Exhibit No. 1486 



To All Trade Unionists, Negro and White 


A grave crisis confronts the Negro worker. 

Unemployment spreads over the country. The em- 
ployers, true to form, are applying the old rule of "last 
hired, first fired." 

The Negro people are ten percent of the U. S. popu- 
lation, but they are 25 to 40 percent of the unemployed. 
In Chicago it is estimated that 70 percent of the unem- 
ployed are Negroes; in Detroit, 65 percent. 

In re<lassifying workers, the employers are forcing 
Negro workers back into the unskilled, menial, most 
expendable, lowest paid jobs. 

In some industries, notably railroad transportation, 
the employers arc trying to oust them altogether. 
Thtre is no section of the Negro Workers that is hit 
harder than the Negro workers, many of 
whom are being dri%tn out of all typt's of jobs in the industry, some of which they even held 
during slavery. 

Negro women workers, especially, are being driven 
back into the kitchens as domestic servants. Negro 
vouth, including college-trained men and women, 
are turned away empty-handed from industry after 

Negro jobless workers, disabled and old people, suf- 
fer deplorably. The government, appropriating billions 
fi)r war, begrudges even a pittance to relieve them. 

The aim of the reactionary employers is to divivie 
the Negro people from within and to prevent the 
growing unity of Negro and white workers. The poli- 
ticians in Washington give lip-service to the passage 
of civil rights legislation. They cynically l^jtray such 
legislation every day — the most outstanding double- 
cross being the recent scuttling of the Powell FKPC 
bill. They betray their campaign promises to repeal 
the Taft-Hartley slave law. 

lynchings, jailings, life and death conviaions by 
rigged juries, police brutality, kluxer violence are 
everywhere increasing — in the North as well as in 
the South. 

The ghettoes are being walled up, and despite Su- 
preme Court decisions with their loopholes, Negro 
families are kept in congested, disease-ridden, fire- 
h.i/ard tenement slums by restrictive covenant and 
mob violence. 

In the last fifteen years, with the influx of a million 
and a half Negro workers into the trade unions, many 
gains were achieved in the struggle for full citizen- 
ship. These gains are now in danger of being wipied 
out. This is the most critical period jnr u<. unce 

Brothers and Sisters: 

Vi'e have the power to change these conditions. We 

must and can stop and defeat this peril. Negro trade 
unionists, unemployment notwithstanding, are still 
over a millioo strong. 

What we need for success is unity and organization. 
We believe that the Negro workers are the indis- 
pensable backbone of the struggle of the Negro people 
to defend their liberties from lynch destruction. We 
believe that the one thing the enemies of the Negro 
and white workers fear most is the unity of Negro and 
white workers. We believe that the collaboration of 
Negro people with the progressive forces of labor is 
the key to the defense of labor and the Negro people. 

^' E CAN save our unions from destruction by the 
TafiHartleys and injunction judges. 

WK CAN win representation for Negro workers in 
all levels of leadership of our unions. 

WE CAN demand and win adequate unemployment 
insurance and social security for our jobless and 

WK C.\N demand and win federal and state FIT 
legislation with enforcement p<iwers. 

WF Can demand and win the right of Negro 
workers to jobs, to be promoted in accorilancc with 
their skills, to the seniority which has long been 
denied them. 

WF CAN break down the lily-white shops and de- 
partments and put an end to the employers effort to 
oust them from industries where they have long been 

WE CAN demand and win decent unsegregated 
housing, the right to unsegregated education, the right 
to police protection and fair trials, to all the demo- 
cratic liberties. 

Only under conditions of peace, and expanding 
democracy can we achieve these worthy aims. 

Brothers and Sisters: 

We know the power of trade unions and we still 
ha\e that power. 

ir> not only have the power, but we hate the duty 
and opportunity to fight for our demands, and to help 
the Segro people overcome the grave dangers con- 
fronting them. 

In their present diificulties, the Negro people look 
to organized lalwr and especially to the Negro trade 
unions for leadership. WF MIST MUFT THIS RF- 
SPONSIBILITY. As an organized group »c can rally 
to the support of the Negro people the powerful labor 
movement, the communities, the churches, lodges, so- 
cial and civic clubs. Together, democratically, we shall 
work out a program of aaion. 



Exhibit No. 148C 

We, the Harlem Trade Union Council, the South Side Negro Labor Council, 
and the undersigned Negro and white trade unionists, urge you to join uj in 
carrying out this historic responsibility. 

l/rge your union to send delegates to Chicago, June 10 and II, where we will 
consider the ways to unite our forces, to fight for our rights and our very lives. 
We urjte local, district and international officers as well as full participation of 
rank and hie delegates from the mines, factories, ships and ofTices. 

For your convenience, we enclose a registration form. Fill in the names of 
your delegates, and with JI.OO registration fee for each delegate, send immedi- 
ately to the Harlem Trade Union (xjuncil, 2 Kast 125th Street, New York 35, N. Y. 


(Panlal LliMng) 


Cwoft Oulnlcr. Cholrmon Coylon, CoChai,man 

JoMph Cohn, CaCfio.Vman 

P«orl Lows, Tr»otur*r 

Thomoi R. Sulllvoo. »«rofrfiio Utr^'arf 

Ftrdlnond C. Smith, Ittcutlvt Stcrmtaiy 


Wllliom D Smilh. C>.oifmon 
Octavlo Howkini, Vic* ChoiVmon 
John Birnord. Vic» Cholrmon 
Eliloh«lh Wotan, Dttording S«r<lor^ 
Oil. long, financial, 
B«rnord HInlon. PuWicrfx DiVectoi- 


H.rliord EMh 





• k. f„ 

ChicoBo. Ill, 

ImoI 600, UAW. Detroit, Mithigon 

Cotl Slellolo, Pr.i.X.nt 

Pot Ric«, Vr<..P>ni 

Ihomos W Thompico. Poll Pr.i. 

Im Romooo, Poll Vit« Pf«i. 


Pool Bootin. Pfi>iiJ.« 
Fred T«if«ll. Vi,, Pr.ifdtnl 
John Gollo, Utta-tlmg S»tf«lory 
N.ll G Hoi.,, financial S.c.lar, 
HoroW RobiMl.on, C.n.roi Counc 
JomM Wilion. Tfull.. 
John Burk, 0„l Comffl<tf«.man 
Tilui CotMlM D..'. Comml"..mon 

E Ho 


0..I, Comm.l 


Fr.d Sornti Dill. Commill.., 
Bill Johnion. frndmnl 
N.lion V.c. 
Joienh Sridal. F.nonc.ol S«c', 
Jo. E, Mil,ud. R.tordinj 5« 
Baldwin Morrli. Co Di>.ctof. 

• .(f.o'ior. loMorqu., T/uit.. 
Sh.Kon Tonp.. C.n.rol Coui 
l.iov r-rton. C.n.rol Count 
Jon.., Wotti, G.n.rol Counci, 
l.o Aiodourlon, Oil* Ccmml! 
WWIiom Bonton. it , Dist Car 
Roh.rl Botll., 3rd, Dill Comrr. 


Byrdiong, Oi. 
Fronklin. Di, 

nnt I Orn.n., Dill Co-nmill 
• l.y Houl. Dili Commil.,,, 
old Johnion. Oiti CommiH.. 

laroy Ktawtord, Dili Corr 
Emory McDonold, Dill Co 

L. Porki, Dill, Commill..moo 
Jam.. Trent, D.ll, Ci>n.m/ll..mon 
John Tyion. Dill, CommilK.mon 

An Sp».d, Pr.iid.nt 
M.lvIn Mcdiich, Dili. 


Jo. Hogon. 

Oa«« Mo 

. Fr,:idtnl 
al S< 

|. Smilh, f„ 
Simion. Sorgoin.f 
!iiia. Trul'.. 
Milch.ll. Dill C 


Bill Joikion, T'l/il. 
Stotty Cock.r, Dill 
Sob Polm.r, D.ll C 
Jotk Poole. Pr.iid. 


Cl..ii><)nd, PAC Co 

John O.r. Prtudtn) 
Don Wod.. f.nDno'oi S« 
ugh, Ti-uil.e 


oho. Dii 


Woll.r Guillieo, Pr.i.deni 


Arthi. Acciocco. Pr.i; 
Art MtPhool. Vic 
fori And.fion. Oill Commilli 
Fronk St.p.nch.nko, Oii» C 
Willi. Woihinglon, Dili, Co,t Millif. S.rg.onI ol A 


Chfii Alitor. Chi.l Sl.word 


K.nnon Bort, Chi.> Sitwotd 


Jome, Wolk.r, Nan! 

G.roid Boyd, fdu, 
lOCAl 708 

Fr.d Will, 0-11, 

tOCAl 285 

on Oir.rlo/- o' Un I 

Do»i!, Chl.f Sl.word 


M, Cohn, Pr.i,, local 587, Pap.rhoi,9»rt. 

Phiiad.lphlo, Pq. 
Ed«ofd Drill, S.c-.lory, total 387, Bro. 

Poinl.r! ond D.coralori, Phila 
Rudolph Gill.ipl., R.cording 5ec-y, fi.ilding 

lobor Union, Notwoik, Conn. 
Soul KfMi, Suiin.u Ag.n), Polnl.rj lo<ol 

184, N.w Moy.n, Conn. 
Jom.i B Mar.holl, local 68, Building 

S.rvlc. Infl, Newark, N, J, 
Oicor Sturm, V,c. AFl C.ntrol 

Trod., ond labor Council, Siounlon, III. 
H.nry Thomoi,, Hod Corri.r. ft 

Common tobor.ri, tocol 74, Woih., 0. C. 


Joioph P S.lly, P..,;a,nl Am,-l:an Co.»- 
mutio^i.jr.1 All n , C!0, tvfw rciflc, N, Y. 

Bell^Boiliniga, ArliriirV, 0.-.c'o>, locol 
^35, UFUMWA. N.w York. N. ! 

Jock Burch, P,, 


•.», i 

M.ii "i ; > 

9 !:! 


Ff UE: 

Duvid Oo.i, 8 

"-■■ ■"' 

: loc 


. local 



ol 475, 
id ! t , 

U ! - V ,'. A ' 

I •'. 

i t 

S.H r.,:, ,,, 

A >> 

Sul:-. H 


, local 

'2l\ ;,;f»,v,< 

-A 1 


r,:,.l N 


fdilh Mom~..r 


. Ic 

.'Ol 430, 


N.w York N 


ftonk Mingo, 1 





1 101, 



U E 


JO, 1 


Rob.rt Hey Prt 


.'. I 

ocol 14! 


F E 4 U E . 



. Ill 

Ro'eigh Youngblood, 


toi 258. 


Br.dg.port, Ci 


H.nry Rhin«. 1 

rl ,' 





O.cor Ruck.r 

I.lf / 


i/it... 1 







B.n Shoh.n. UERMWA, 




Normon Sirii'h, 1 


107, UtRM 



d.lphia. Pa. 

Al Sr.rn. Afjl, locol 



A N 

Y C. 

lor.nio Thome. 


. Pri 





& ue ' 






U. Coin Cho„ 

i:fBMWA. O'Ong. N J 
Ho--:',. Word F.oancio) S.c , locol 106, 
UERMWA Ff 4 U E ■', Ch.taqr,, IM 

EdwQ-d Woihinglsr, ?,„,,.'.„. l,.(oi 12:7. 

UERMWA New York, N Y 
td-n.-< W.I.- V,,. !.,„,,/.„, locri! 735, 


R„be.l t,,.,,. ,.,, O'-jo-.j.r, lo«,| }J. 
FIA. S,3i.m N C 


Exhibit No. 148D 


CiMriM Collini. Vic»^r«i;<<.<if. local 6, Nsl^ 

fc Club EmployMi. Afl. Kr» YDrk, N. T. 
Oxxg* Done*. TrvafM, local tO, FTA. 

Common, N. J. 
Edward I. FItlnr, Proi.. local 471, Unltod 

Caf*l*rla & iMtauranl Wkri., Woih . D. C. 
VolnKi HopUnl. OrgoniLr. local 3}, FTA. 

Winiloe. SoUm, N. C. 
OII»r PoliMf. iul A«f. local 471. Unllod 

Cal>t»ria ond R»fautai>l WVri . WoiK.. 
Josaphine Pollute. Adm. Commiff**. local 

I8«, FTA, Philadalphio, Po. 
Iron* lt»id, fji«cvtfv* Boord A4«mb*r, locol 

15. FTA. ChoflMton. S C. 
N«IU» S>on«. Ci»c. ad Mtmbtr. Hold k 

*<I«ouronl Wofk»rt. AH. Minnoopolil, Min. 
W.ndoM throw.r. Cooki Union, AFl. N If C. 
Jotln Tiio, C.n.rol FTA. Philo- 
Srl.«l.r WUKomi, locol 386, tmptoy.« 

ond ftort.ndiri Union AFL. Ncwofk. N. I. 
Mori. Winiton, Int'l Orgsrifr. locol 10, 

FTA, Wln.ton Sol.m, N. C 


Som Burt, Monogsr, Joint Board. Fwr Orouori 

& Dy.ri, N. T. C. 
Ban Gold, IntI Prtiidtnf, Inl'l Fur and 

leafh.r WorV.rv N. Y, C. 
lyndon Honry. Monog«r. Local 88, Furrlvrv 

Joint Board, N Y. C 
Clifford T, Johnion, Inf) (!.p , Infl Fur and 

l«olh.r Work.f., Chitoso. Ill 
Bob Jonai, Sxratory. locol 196. Fur and 

l<-olh«r Workari. Philodalphio. Po 
Irymfl Potarh, Furrleri Joint Council. NYC 
Starling Rochottar, fjtacuttva ioard, Loeol 

30, Ini I Fur ond laattiar Worltari, Phllo- 

dalphio, Po 
Laon Slroui»i»a Sac'y, Furrlari Joint 

Boord NYC 

Barnard Minlar, Mmmhtr, G»n E>ac Board, 
United fumilura Workari, N Y. C 

Ala. Slrolo, Mamb.r, Can fji.t. Board, 
Unit.d Furnlru^a Work.ri, NYC 

Fronk Wagner. Bui.nm Agenl. locol 140. 
United Furniture Workari, N Y, C. 


l.idoie Kohn, Sec y T,eoi . Local 1. Je»alry 

Worker,. AFl. NYC. 
Andrew laredu Pr.„rfenl. locol 1. Jewall> 

Workeri, Afl, N Y, C 


H,«jK Br,. on. Nor ' P,-e.!deni Noll Union o( 

Marine Cooki 8, S'ewotdi S F , CoW 
C E. Johdnson, Port Agent Noll Union o( 

Morine Cooki ond Stewordi NYC 
Joe Johnion. Port Arjent, Nat1 Union Morine 

Cooki ond Stewo'di, Wiln-ington. Cold 
tnvmett McGui-e. Cho.rmon NMU Ronl ond 

File. NYC 
Joe.ei Molloy T-eoiure'. NMU, Ronk and 

File. NYC 
Chorlie Nicholoi Por< Agent, NofI Union 

Morine Cooki & Stewordi. Sao'tla Woih 
tddie Tongen No'! Secy. Notionol Union 

Morine Cooki & Slewo-di Son Frontiuo 

Ange! Torrei Sety. NMU. Ronk ond File, 



Hugii Chamey So/etf Cotnmrtteemon Local 
51, U, M W , Wheeling, W Vo 

Merman Clott. Ini'; Rep . local 755, MMSW. 
Clevaland, OKio 

lofrmand Oonnit. E>«c. Soard Maw b a#. loasl 
71S, AMASW. HuduMi. OMs 

ChariM DtdiburY, Pr«i.. local 620, MMSW, 
T)wmo*ton, Conn. 

layiKind M. Dood, Vic»-Prwid«il, local 4IJ, 
MMSW, Toriinglan. Conn. 

lowranc* Folrrar. PrM., Local 73S, MMSW. 
Hudion, OKio 

i«hn Flaldi, Kacording Sac'ir, local T7ii. 
Unllad Mine Workari, Martini Farry, Ohio 

William Jackton, Infl Up.. iMMSW, Chi- 
cago, III. 

F. «. llndMy. Vica^ra... local 7765, Unllad 
Mine Workan, Bridgaport, Ohio 

Mauric* Tra>U, Sac'x Traai , MMSW, Chi- 
cago, III. 

Fronk Winiray, locol 785, MMSW, Son- 
duiky. Ohio 


Anna Baranholi, Inil Rap , UOPWA, Clara- 
land, Ohio 

Jomai Durkin, Intl Pre.., UOPWA. N. Y. C. 

Victoria Ccrvln, Not'/ lagii. Oir UOPWA 
N. Y. C. 

Lloyd Herbert, /nf/ »,p, UOPWA. Phila- 
delphia. Pa. 

Arlaan L Kallay, Prai.. local 87, UOPWA, 
Clayatond, Ohio 

Helen Mangold, Prai., Local 19. UOPWA. 
N. Y. C. 

Winifred Normon, Sec'y Traai , Craatac N. 
Y locol, UOPWA, N Y. C. 

Aaron 0. Schneider, Vr'ca-Prai , UOPWA, 
N Y. C. 


Som Curry, Prelider.1, locol 347, United 

PocklnghouHi Workeri, Chicago, III. 
John le»li, Preiident. locol 28, United Pack- 

inghouie Workeri, Chlcogo. III. 
Horold Nielten. Oilt Oirecfor Oiil I, Unllad 

Pockinghouia Workan, Chlcogo, III 
Jock Sou'her, Prei.denI locol 25. United 

Pockinghouia Workeri. Chicogo. III. 
Olgo Zenchuk, Secy Treoi . locol 69. United 

Pockinghouia Workan, Delrott, Mich, 


fliott Godoff. Vice Prelidenl. local 444, Ho^ 
pitol. Uniled Public Workeri, NYC. 

Normon lofidon Cholrmon Horlem Com- 
mittee TeocKeri Union locol 555 United 
Public Workeri, N. Y C, 

Thontoi Rifhordion, Int I VitePrei , Uniled 
Public WoiUn. Woihinglon D C, 

Roie Ruueil tegiilotnie Director. Teochen 
Union, locol 555 NYC 

Albert 5p,.e», Orgonijer. locol 444, Ho.- 
pitol Workeri, United Public Workan. 
N Y C. 


I Boker, Pieiident, Locol 660. Infl Bro, 

Firemen ond Oder., Afl, Chicogo, III. 
Solon C Bell. Prelident. Dining Cor ond 

Ro.iiood Food Workeri Union, Chicogo, III. 
Doniel Beniomin. Noll Vice Pre, , Eoitern 

Region Dining Cor ond Railroad Food 

Workeri Union. N Y. C 
Delmon Burrii. Sec'y-Treoi . N. Y. Central 

Orgoniiing Committee, Roilroad Food 

Workeri Union. NYC 
Robert Berberich. Vice-Preiident, lodge 191, 

Brotherhood ol Railroad Trainmen, Mll- 

Fronk Boyd. Brotherhood ol Sleeping Car 

Poctan, Si. Paul. Ml**. 
(. t. Carta*, local ChalraMn, Ueol 640, 

Inll tro. Flraman and OiUfi. AFl, CM- 

cago. ID. 
Clsybam T. Dlllord. Ch•»a|^•aka and OM* 

toilway Employaaa. Huntington. W. Va. 
Jordan J. JaffarMn. frms., Colorad Trainman 

of Amarlco. Kingrrilla, Taxai 
W. H. Lockhan, Rap.. Dining Cor and Rail- 
road Food Worker., N. Y C. 

It. E. NIcholion. Sac'y-rraai , N. Y Oit- 

Irlcl. OInIng Car Railroad Food Workan. 

N. Y. C. 
Frad Raynoldl, Chrm . N. Y C. Org Coni., 

Dining Cor and Roilrood Food Worker. 
A A Toylor, PreudanI, local 30, Int'l Auoc. 

Roitway Employaai, Vickiburg, Mill. 


Edward lynoni. Dal, CIO Council, Local 3. 

United Rubber Worken, Akron. Ohio 
Frad Eovei. Onlrict Rep, Local 2, United 

Rubber Worken, Akron, Ohio 
Barnord Jonai. District Htp., local 7. United 

Rubber Worken. Akron, Ohio 
Oane Barlla, Sac'y-Traai., Joint Council 

United Shoe Workan, CIO, Chicogo, III 
I. Roianbarg, Mgr, Joint Council No 13, 

United Shoe Worken, N, Y C 


Jomei Boker, Committeeman, local 1190, 

Uniled Steel Worken, Stubenyllla. Ohio 
Choilai Buller, Locol 1331, United Sleel 

Worker., Youngitown, Ohio 
Albert Driicoll, locol 1331, Uniled Steel 

Worken, Youngilown, Ohio 
Major f.lch. Shop Sleword, locol 65, Uniled 

Sleel Workeri. CIO. Chicogo, III 
Joe Foiter. locol 1331, United Steal Workeri, 

Youngilown, Ohio 
Dorid Joeobt. locol 3163. Unllad Steal 

Workeri, Youngitown. Ohio 
CKorlie Rodrl.fle, locol 1416. Uniled Steal 

Workeri, Compbell, Ohio 
J, B. Rlcliord.on. Zone Grieronce Commd 

leemon. locol 1376. Uniled Sleel Workeri. 

Pittlburgh, Po. 


Albert Brown. Sulrnetl Agent locol 811, 
Retoil Clerki AFl. Philodelphio, Po 

Eilello freen,an. Boord. Retail Cierki, 
Afl, Philadelphia, Po. 

Do»e li,.ng>lon, Prem/enf, lotol 45 Whole- 

Altolt T,ier Burneli Mgr, lo.ol 121 Chemi 
col Woikrri NYC 


N,no tvoni. Prei.denI, Don>ei-.t Worken, 

N, Y, C. 
Morion Gilllemon, Ronk ond File Trao.porl 

Worker., Philodelphio Po 
Hymon Gordon, Preiident locol 107. Popar 

bog ond Sulphite Worken Aft, N. Y C 
Joire Hughei, Ronk ond File, local IS. 

IIGW Philadelphia, Po 
leon Kuhl. Sulineil Agent, locol 107. Poper- 

bog ond Sulphite Worken. N. Y C 
Rubin Morcui. Sulinen Monoger. local 107, 

Poperbog and Suiphi'e Worken, NYC 
Joieph A Roil S.ryTreoi, locol 641. 

Horkin-ilhi Afl. Cle.elond Ohio 
Sol Weliimon. Prelidenl lotol 364. Cleoneri. 

Dyen ond laundry Worker. New Ho.en. 





2 East 125th Street. New York 35, N, Y. 2-0880 

Issued by 


4859 South Wabaih Avenut?, Chicago, III. 
KEnwood 8-2700 

(■fipg,slro'ion 9 30 A.M., June TO, Conference Heot^Q uorfers, 4859 Soofh Wobash A»enue, Cfiicoao, //I.J 



Exhibit No. 149 

Daiill\y \W(oirlk(eir 

RreaM'M •• wcootf elut maurt Oct. u. 1947. at the DMtoOm at N*« TarK. a. T. ondrr tn< ^r^ «t Uarcn a, 11(7* 

I Vol. XXVII, No. 211 

New York, Monday, October 23, 1950 


Ainericaa Women for P«ice wiB aawk the fiMi umiveiaty of 
the Unitwl Nations Ttwadty. with apAgrimage <A 1.000 «fmnen to 
Flushing MeadoiOT. They will be joined by nme Broox wranen can- ' 
dkla(es on the Aaaerican Lab(»r Party tkjcet 

In a call to ^ womoa of the nation, American Women for 
Peace declared, "^e American women bdieve % peacrftd sc^tkai 
of world prt^leiBS v. possaito tf the UnM Notions mm widHa &e 
fimaeworle of its orig^ 1^&id{des." '^ * 

Such pr<»nlnent women as Dr. duudbtte Havi^cini Ifeotra, prai- 
ident of the Palmer Memcffial Institute of Nor& Cazriint: Vi(^ 
Brothen; Shore, writer and Acting Executive SeoeJta^ of Anwricsn 
Women for Peace, and M». Stuut Trotter, owner of ll» Bmton , 
Qmmicle. leadfaig Negro newspaper, wfli lead groups t& women j 
who will visit leading United Nations representatives. 

The nine candidates who will }tm tiie pawtaage are Mary 
Kaofman. candidate for City Court Ju^ioe; Naa Didcnun, for State 
Senate. 28th S.D.; Annette Reichbach, fw AsMmbly JUt AJO.; Aoita ' 
Friedfainder. for Assembly, 2nd AD.; 1^M FWffini, fer Af^dkly, i 
3nl AD.; Marian Gonzalez, for Assend^y^jA A.EI4 Coaiuefe Mar- 1 
cial. for Assembly, 5th AJD.; Belie ftidyasaa, iat AsM^, SakJ 
AJ).; and EleaoCT l^utee, for AaemMy, 7th j|% 

Exhibit No. 150 


Hvorings by President'* CommiHion 
On Walter-McCarron Law Provisions 

0>inmi»«iiir «n Immig.aiion and NiJ-riiiu 
tMin thr> »crc opposed to itw ratiji, iix.i/r.itu 
;ory. inn- <ltrti<x;itic p.-'yv;>K>f« 'it the '**;•« 
McCirrin tj». »hich beci.mci rfi«t.vt Dc- 
cmbi: .M C/wcr 2'(S,' rt.ii«i"u(. cumr.jni!) 
ctvtc, naijoiui gruup, t.'atic union and o^hcr 
icpiticntaliva iashed 'JUt al the la» *hj(h 
crtatCT a Krttning piocns fur all cni-nni! ihc 
L'nittd Slater aj »tll as settini! JivrimiaaMn 
quotas i'aviitinx A"^ " N,..,n ,,.,.-,■•,., »^J, 
permitting bi.' 
pr^^mitjcnr A.t - 
i*hi(;h »i^ p' 

ugh <->n the -I 
,n Uw, the AfJ f r 
• H.n »i:r, -n^ Natiimal Guarrfun l^ pr-ri' 
ing a special tuurpage supplement which aili 
appnr in December An intormitive piece. 
the supplemeoi wii! deal not unl* »ith what 
has been said about (he law bu! stress 1I5 
nuror provisions with exptanalions 

Chortot Chaplin's Right to Return 
May Be Decided by Case of H. Chew 

Thr lustKe Depaitmenr mjinlains j' »ili 
bar Charlie Chaplin Item letntciing the Unit 
ed States because "i undisclosed infonnation 
relative to his as«xiatii;n skith mganirations 
branded subserx>e The case i.f the screen 
sur parallels that nl Harry Chew, a Chinese 
seaman, who has been held on F.llis Island 
since Apiil ivM Chew double screened bs' 
the Coast Guard, before sailing in November 
1950. IS marrieti to an American citiren and 
had been a resident o( the United States (or 
mote than \'> years having been legally ad- 
mitted for permanent reMdetKe Despite clear- 
ance by the screening process, when his ship 
disked in Sew Yoit on April 18. Wil. he 
was removed and taken to Ellis Island As in 
the Chaplin case, the justice Depanment has 
not made ktviwn charges against Chew, as 
sertmg the information is ci^nlidentul 
Chew s c»se is now before the L' S Suprenie 
Court, awaiting decision 

Son* and Oaughlen Organize 
To Asm** in Parents' Defense 

Daughters of the 
Against Dep«>rtatior 
"' 'he g"">r IS to 

ort-ign Bom in the fight 
, ha* been formed Purpose 
t^^Isl !r> -Irfen-line parents 

Professional Stoolpigeon 
In Highly Paid Roeket 

the p 

■'If; $1 

partment for his tesninonv m one case, that 
of Stese Nelv.n. in Pittsburgh In the Groi 
berg hearings. Crouch was being paid $2^ 
dav. plus expenses 


111.- N.,ti"iij| I ..iir.-r.-i 

to l».-f.M'l III'- H,-hi 

"f I-. 

i^t. B'.rn \<,.. 

II. 11. I" I..- Ii.-I.l in D.-lroil -'11 H'.'Ii.Ih r 1 
II.;. "I. ih.' ft .ill.-r.\l,( .,rr..n 1 ., .. ,1 ,!- U,,, ,n 
irom M.-xi.-.iri. N.-i;r.i, Iri'). 01,0.11. r.-l-o.,,- ,1, ! t 
ilr.-.i'is r.--rv'.| tun. I'l -( in "(.1....1I i. ,11 t.. ll 
ii.imi' r 111 v.liH h ll ill. . !- llo ir I'-irlo -r"U|. 

.n.l U. ssil! h',1'1 fulili' 
z -.-M'.ri R..i,r...-iit..lis.. 
I. rioii ,,rt;alil/.ll."li- has. 

n.-s. Uss ,,r,.l .li„ii.- th' 


f'flir H.iri-i.i'l' -. ssli,,-. .1. |i..rt.ili"ii .,1-.- v. ,1. f..ii)iht for mor»- tlun »ix 
\ean>. left fur I'liljio! 'iti Nns. iiiti. r ll Airoiii|iaiis iii); liini vscri- lii» American- 
citizen vsife anil Ivs" Viiuro .111 horn 1 liil.lrin. Irene. 15. ami <»t-<iree. eighl. 
Kelcaiw-.l on ( Icloh. r I Iron. KHi- I-Liii'l. «li.r.- h.- hail three tiinr* been helil 
for long I'. noil- of lini.. Harisiil' - ss 1- Sf-'-n thirls ilas.< in which to make 
.preparation- to li.isc th' I iiit..| -lit.- I hrealenrd vsilli <le|iorlatirin ami 
puMiblr death in (,r..r.-. Mari-ia.l' - ssj- ^rranle.l j«s!uni bs th.- I'oli-h L'osem- 


On Ortulier H. afl.'r llir' at. luiii; to talst- into iu.-to<ls the Terminal Islam! 
Kour of l.o« Aug. I.- Davi.l Hsiin. Frank < arUon, Harrs Carlisle. Miriam 

Sle\>n.-«)n in vsh..*. a*.- th.- I * ■•iipreiii. Court on March 10, 19j2. ruled 
bail coulil be .leiii. il iioiii ili/. 11- in .1. (...n ition priKeeilingii, the Justice De- 
partment »U(l.lenls i-ranl.'l h.n! ..I -'..noii . .0 li for all four. < »n October 22. 
.Martin > oung ssa> relea-.-d fr'Hii Kill- l-l iiol on parole without bail after 
basing U-en hell -iii" ihiolMr _'.. I'.i In '.ih.r .ill.-. hoHcser. indicatioiu 
of an intensified .Irise ..ri the rmlil l.i h.iil -I. s.lo(..'l 

(harl.Mon. H . s( ( a I it U r IT. J'~ Dunn- hail .,f S»,IHHI ssa- can- 
celled and h.. ssj- lak.ii ha.k int.. .u-lo.js, h. 1.1 isilhoiil hail I In n.ioU-r VK 
after Ke.i« ral Iti-lri.l < oiirl Jii.Il:. i!. 11 \l.,..n ha.l at. .1 that he vsould 
onl.r Ihima- r. l.-a-.-. the Jli-!l.e !)e|.artlii.llt r.-s.r-.-.l ll«lf all.l arceptefl 
jJ.iHMi f,,r Ihima. hall III the ile|,ortation ipriM.e.ling. 

t.urs lnduin.1 (In O, toU r i, hail ss a- .aiii.lle.l 111 ifi.- . a-e of Kalhenne 
Hsn.linan. sslio b.i'l h..-ii fr,'- .111 -vl.iNKi hail -in..- Jaiiiiars ",, IVfi On \osem- 
Ur I I, I-.. I. ral lli-iri. I I ..i.rt In.!;;.- -s«s«.tI -ii-Iaiii.-.l ih. .l.-nial .,( hail in 
\Ir». Ilvn'ln...n. ..,-.-, ju.l:;. -»s s ^.-rl- .l.-.i-ion .- I" in.; ,,i.|".il.'l Mr- lisnd- 
man. ni.aiis.liil. . 1- l» ini: li. I.I .<! llo- ' .amis Cnl. ' r..«n I'.. ml. In. liana 

\.i, \.,rk(t!\ ( In II. )..U r -'I. hail in ill. . .1-. - ..I . ijlii non. >ii/. n- s. a* 
.an.illeil aii'l Ih.s ss.r.- lak.-ii to th-- \h > -imn W <n^ ..n HI.- Man, I (-rank 
Hor.ih, \n.lrrvs Driis Irs-lis n. I'ai.l J... hi/, -am \|,l-roni. \li. ha.l N.ikk. Jack J..- ill. -irninoff. Uarrs Virl- Hn N.,s.Mih.r 11. l-.-.leral Ih-triet 
Court Juilge M.l.oh.s argnni.iil an. I .leci-ion on petition* for 
writs of haUa- 1 orpii- in ih.- 1 a-e. of I'aiil J 11. 111/. Mich.iel Nukk. Jack -chnei- 
der. and Joseph "■imiin.ff On Oit.ibrr J'l. th. Inimieration .Vrsice relea.««<i 
Dmstrsuhsn on parole rather than face court action 


Exhibit No. 151 A. 

Help Us Fight For Our Future 

1. WritG *^^ Attorney General, Department of Justice, Washington, O.C. Ask him to UM 

his power to stop the deportation of parents of American youth. 

2. OrdSr ° quantity of this folder for distribution among your friends and organizations. 

Folders may be had at $5 00 for 100. Special rates for quantities of 500. 

3. M3K6 ° contribution to help the Sons and Daughters reach thousands and thousands of 

people with our story. Use the petition below to aid your collections. 


Collected by Addr 

P/ease relum ihn petition, together with all conlnbutiom to the 

Sons & Doughters of the Foreign Born in the Fighi AgoinsI Deportations 

23 West 26th Street New York 10, N Y. 

We Are The 

Sons and Daughters 

of the foreign born--- 

Exhibit No. 151B 


85333 O— 57— pt. 2- 



Exhibit No. 151C 


Are we the Sons and Daughters of the 
Foreign Born to be orphaned through 
the deportation of our parents? Our 
parents ore not criminals. They haven't 
been accused of theft or graft or cor- 
rupting government officials or accept- 
ing bribes. 


Do our parents face deportation to- 
day? They hove taught us to love our 
homeland. They hove taught us to think 
and respect democracy. They have 
tought us to be ready to defend our 
homeland but that a world at peace 
is really our only hope. 


is it that the freedoms we have been 
taught to fight for —freedom of speech, 
freedom of thought, freedom of as- 
sociation — why is it that these free- 
doms don't belong to our parents whose 
only "crime" has been exercising and 
fighting for the extension of those 


Must we face o future of broken 
families and shattered homes just be- 
cause the Attorney General disapproves 
of our parents' friends, ideas or as- 
sociates? But, our parents don't have 
to be deported if you will . . . 



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Exhibit No. 152 
[ Mimeographed ] 

Sons and Daughters of the Foreign Born in the Fight Against Deportation 

23 West 26th Street, Ne^\^ York 10, N. Y., MU 4-3458 

Secretary : Mona Schneider 
Treasurer : Evelyn Barnett 
Executive Committee : 
Frances Borich 
Nancy Borich 
Wm. Egger 
Victor Klig 
Bernard Saltzman 
Seymour Taffler 
Dear Friend : We are announcing a birth — the birth of a nevv^ organization : 
the Sons and Daughters of the Foreign Born in the Fight Against Deportation. 
We have a program — a reason for existing, but before we tell you about that we 
first want you to participate in the Youth Panel of the National Conference to 
defend the rights of foreign born Americans. The Conference will be held at 
the Jewish Cultural Center, 2705 Joy Road, Detroit, Michigan, on Saturday and 
Sunday, December 13 and 14. 

The Youth Panel will be held at 3 : 00 p. m., Saturday afternoon. 
Now, we'd like to tell you about us. Two and a half months ago a group of 
children of New York, noncitizens, facing deportation, got together to discuss 
how we could best aid in our parents" defense. 

We organized to ward off efforts of the Justice Department to deport our 
parents. We organized a fight for a speedy repeal of the Walter-McCarran law. 
Our program is a short but vital one which is geared toward youth, 

1. We intend to serve as a center for information against the Smith and 
Walter-McCarran Acts and in .so doing to mobilize large sections of young 
people for their repeal. 

2. We will help build and work closely with a youth council composed of 
representatives of youth organizations. 

3. We will organize children whose parents are now under attack by the 
Justice Department into a moving force in defense of their parents with the 
goal of ending the deportation hysteria once and for all. 

We are sure that all who are working toward guaranteeing our democratic 
heritage will be interested in .sending a youth representative or delegation to the 
Y'outh Panel and we are looking forward to meeting you there. 

MoNA Schneider, Secretary. 

Exhibit No. 153 

[Daily Worlcer, Thursday, December 11, 1952, p. 3] 

They Come— 1,000 of Them— To Back Those Who Built Our Country 

By Milton Howard 

"If you want to know who they have put Jack Schneider on Ellis Island 
in order to deport him, just remember that it was Jack and his friends in the 
furriers union who kicked out the kind of gangsters and racketeers who now 
make life miserable for the men on New York's docks." 

George Kleinman, speaking for the Furriers Union went on : 

"The fur industry used to be like the docks are today, like the headlines you 
read about the rackets and mobs. But Jack Schneider wouldn't stand for that. 
He fought for American liberties, for a clean imion, for honesty. He bears scars 
of that fight. He helped build America, not tear it down. Is that why they 
want to deport him?" 

The more than 1,000 men and women who packed Webster Hall Tuesday night 
shook the old walls of that building with their 

The meeting came together in answer to the call of the American Committee 
for the Protection of the Foreign Born. They came to get seven men off Ellis 
Island held there since October 24 for no reason other than that they all lived 
and acted as excellent Americans, striving to improve life in America, their 


adopted home. They came to challenge the McCarran-Walter law which goes 
into effect December 24. 

They heard David (Jreen of the IWO tell of IWO leader Sam Milgrom's cheerful hi.s faith in the people; they also heard that Milgrom's heart condition 
is so bad that the authorities have had to let him get a special diet. But they 
won't let him off the island. 

They rose to give an ovation to Claudia Jones, Negro woman leader, herself 
facing jail under a Smith Act frameup. She showed how this new law will cut 
the immigration of West Indians from 10,0()0 to 100 a year because of racism. 
They heard her cite the heroism of Elizabeth (inrley Flynn who preferred prison 
for "contempt" rather than betray fellow-Americans as an informer. When 
Russ Nixon of United Electrical Workers showed how the government police go 
after union leaders with this deportation frameup, how they try to get at a 
unionman like William Sentner of UE in St. Louis by arresting his wife, the 
garment workers, machinists, furriers and others in that intense crowd knew 
just what he meant. They knew it from their own lives in the shops and unions. 

They knew it, too, when Ewart Guinier of the National Negro Labor Council 
described how the cops can pick up any "foreign looking" man for persecution, 
how they can now seize Negroes in the South or any place demand "identifica- 
tion" to prove they are not "illegal West Indians." 

These 1,000 men and women were in a fighting mood. They showed their pride 
as young Mona Schneider, the fur leader's 19-year-old daughter, stood straight 
and strong and said "Maybe the Department of Justice forgot about us children 
of the deportees, but we aren't going to let them forget us. We are going to fight 
for our dads, our families and our country." 

These older folks heard with obvious pleasure the youth chorus — Negro and 
white — sing a Bach choral with new fighting words, and Negro spirituals singing 
of hope and battle. They resolved not to be pushed around by the immigration 
police looking for stoolies or victims. 

As proposed by Harriet Baron of the American Committee, they voted their de- 
termination to fight back, to challenge the McCarran law's enforcement and to 
get it off the books. In response to an appeal by Carl Marzani, they dug down 
and gave $760 right then and there for this fight. They demanded freedom for 
the Rosenbergs. 

As George Muphy of the American Committee and chairman said they were 
showing the Un-Americans spitting on the Constitution and America's heritage 
who the real Americans are these days. It was a grand meeting that will be 
followed by others like it, by the Detroit conference this weekend. The McCar- 
rans will not steal America from its people so easily, these people firmly said. 

Exhibit No. 154 
[Daily Worker, March 26, 1953, p. 3] 

Children of McCarran Law Victims Visit Congressmen 
( By Harry Raymond) 

Washington, March 25. — Congressmen, the Immigration and Naturalization 
Service, and the White House were told today how the Walter-McCarran Act is 
threatening to break up more than 300 American families. 

The story was told here by some 30 sons, daughters, wives, and husbands of 
the victims. 

THE victims 

The group came here, under auspices of the American Committee for Protec- 
tion of Foreign Born, in what they called a "pilgrimage of families of victims of 
the Walter-McCarran Law." 

"I surely do not know what we will do if father is taken away from us and 
deported to Yugoslavia," said pretty, black-haired Adele Warhol. 14-year-old 
daughter of Peter Warhol. 

Adele, eldest of the four Warhol children, came from Minneapolis. She pleaded 
her father's case before two Minnesota Congressmen, Rep. Eugene McCarthy and 
Rep. Roy Wier. 


"They both said they would take father's case up with the Justice Depart- 
ment," Adele stated. "And Congressman Wier said he remembers father when 
he was business agent in the AFL Upholsters Union. But I don't think much 
will be done until the law is repealed." 


"I am the mother of eight children," said Mrs. Conseulo Espinoza, who joined 
the pilgrimage from Orange, Cal. Her husband. Elias Espinoza, 59, was arrested 
on a Walter-McCarran deportation warrant while working for a California fruit- 
grower packing oranges. He has been ordered deported to Mexico. The reac- 
tionary Associated Farmers, Mrs. Espinoza said, are behind the move. 

Espinoza has been a resident of the United States 48 years. 

"I talked with the secretaries of several Congressmen," said Mrs. Espinoza. 
"They tell me the Congressmen are sympathetic. But they say they don't see 
what they can do. I told them to repeal the Walter-McCarran Law." 

Carl Callow, of Niles, Ohio, 20-year-old son and eldest of nine children of 
Leon Callow, told how his father is threatened with exile to Greece and possible 
death. Carl is working in a steel mill now to support the family. "What will 
the family do if father is deported and I am drafted?" he asked. 

Carl visited the offices of Senators Taft and Bricker. 

"I talked to their secretaries," he said. "They remembered an earlier visit I 
made on behalf of my father. But nothing came out of that visit. Both Taft's 
and Bricker's offices promised this time to take father's case up with the Justice 

Also on the pilgrimage was Ralph Hyndman, Gary, Ind., steelworker, whose 
wife. Katherine. has been held without bail in the Crown Point, Ind.. jail since 
October 7. The government has refused to release Mrs. Hyndman on bail. 

Hyndman. former president of Local 1011, I'nited Steelworkers, has been 
making the rounds of the Indiana and Illinois Congressmen. He said they all 
seem to be afraid to act. 

"But my neighbors at home and the men in the mill are w<mdei*ful," Hyndman 
said. "They are doing everything they can to help us." 


Others there were Mrs. Gertrude Yaris, wife of Harry Yaris, war veteran, held 
cm Ellis Island without bail ; Mrs. Sonia Schneider and her daughter, Mona, wife 
and daughter of Jack Schneider, assistant manager. Furriers Joint Council of 
New York ; Mrs. Bessie Klig, wife of Meyer Klig, vice president of the Fur and 
Leather Workers Union. 

Also Patty Ganley, 14-year-old daughter of Anna Ganley, Detroit, another 
deportation victim ; Mary McAdoo, of Detroit, granddaughter of Mrs. Mary 
Gosman ; Mrs. Olga Kruchay, wife of William Kriichay. Allen Park, Mich. ; Mrs. 
Margaret Nukk, nK)ther of two children, wife of Michael Nukk ; and Mrs. Rose 
Weinstock, wife of Louis Weinstock. 

Joining the pilgrimage was Ephraim Cross, professor emeritus of Romance 
Languages of OCNY, to discuss the deportation cases with the immigration com- 

Later, another group delivered a letter to President Eisenhower calling for a 
new policy that would not discriminate against a noncitizen because of iM)litical 
belief, birth, race, color, or creed. 



Exhibit No. 155 


Exhibit No. 156 






CiMtt l«cHir«r« will incliMi«: l>r. Hayim Fiii«m«ii, Chair* 
man, PliiU. Council of Am«ric«n )«wi«ii Confrata: S«l 

RoUnbcrg. S*c>. of |«witk Poof»loi fraternal Ordor 
I. W. O.; Abraham Olkan. fhila. Manager Morning 

Wodnatday. 9:00-10:30 P. M. (6 wook*) 

This course wiM include a short historical survey. 
the question o< Palestine today and tomorrow the 
forces and problems involved m anti Semitism. 
unity in the Jewish Community and the American 
scene a program for the future 


Exhibit No. 157A 

-x^ tribute to 
/jew 15 It Ljoutn 




American Youth for Democracy 

Dinner ol the 

Philadelphia, V a. 


Exhibit No. 157B 




^n on AorA 


■ K'^r.- Chagall 

Nt.ltcn ^•.. ■ 

S.-'r-.und Menkes 

loe Louis 

Marc Bhtistem 

- Max Weber 

George B Murphy, Ir 

Howard De S.lva 

Louis McCabe 

Dr W E Du Be-.? 

Dr 6. Mrs Stuart Mudd -r- 

.Lucy Brown 

■chr. Howard Law son 

Orestes Stepriary:' 

E '.Var-:..r.:7ton Rhodes 

Nicholas Chase 

Arna Pen-^.ypacker 

Harry Dubifi 

Helen Phillips 

Rev Jackson 

So! Rotenberg — 

I Aspiz 

>VSaul Waidbaum "^ 

Dr, M H Samitz 

Frances V/hite -~ 

. Rockwell Kent 

Rabbi Louis Wolsey 

Arthur Hufi Fousetf 

Francis Bosworth 

■ Elizabeth Frazier 

Donald Henderson 

Ike Friedman — ' 

, Een)amin Anton — 

Alex Freund 

A D Caesar 

Allan Freelon • — - 

Zz:. Zr:7ros3er 

Phil Ban 

jarnes Price ~~ 

Joseph Golden 

Rev E Luther Cunningham 

Nathan Fleisher 

Jules Abercouph . 

Alice F, Liveright 

"Kirs Viola Allen 

Dr Daniel Longaker 

lack Callahan 

G Nelli 

Mrs Helen Dukett 

Dr W L Mahcmey, 

ir Dave Davis ■ — 

Sri;rley Graham 

H K Diskant 

F.ev Tr.omas Logon 


Exhibit No. 157C 

rr oar am 

T r 

1 b u t e to 

• LFO.'.-AF.n rc' •::-:■ :n' . 


Ccmpcser. Fiar;st 



?'7\V' ■' '^r '• ' ' '.' 

.;:.e. J-:.- 

N'e •• Vc-k G 

-•■- ■••■■- -G 


N!-L^CN V. Yr;:;r 

Art: St 

pp HrF».'Ar; kaeat 


O t 

' c r s ;: p p e a ' 1 r: g 
PAT 3 A :^ LAND 


Exhibit No. 158 


Pace S T>.il. WnrVfr. Nrw YorV. FrM«T. TVr.-n.Ur II, 1<>S 1 

Babtist Cleric Urges Prayer 
for Vfcfims of the Smith Act 


iin;<-d at a Bill of Hicht-, r.iVv 
th,- PliiLulclplua r ■ 

,..|.i (,NH l<-,..l<l.s >. 

tion \}e\i- 

aiii! |H)lice >(jte nili- in \V,i<.l>ini;- 

t .-; .i;i.! (iirnslmiL' Win-; '• 
(. >. ! .'..,■ ■'■,' ;..i^.ir.i !„• veto ,1 ■' ; 
lusl p.i.^c I ■■i;!lj\\ in< the ( ' 'ii: 
iiiuiust PailN . 

Allwrt kali!). Mrs. Mm Mal- 
i.iril .iM(! JiiiuN !)ii!-,eii wt'rel 
iHi'iiii; l';c siy,.kfrs at the rally. 
Slw.l,^,,r. oi till- Bill of RiuhtsI 
lcli-l>ration iiitliidrti: 

Hails Bluiiieiilfld. chief, Division! 
of Pianiiiii)( and .Analysis. Philadel-) 
piiia Planning (ommission, Mau- 
rite ('■ihcn. hiisiiiess aijent. 
Bti.therliiXKl of Painters. AFL; n 
i \y. Dernckvin. Dr. Arthur Hud I 


. 20. -Prayers for \ictiins of tlie .Smith .\ct repression were 
in Rrvnolds Hall liere by Rev. J. Henry Patten, secretary of 

.;< V- ( Hiierence. l\c\. P.ittni x. .^^ among church, union 

t 1 iset. etl Ilea tor; Pev. K. i< 
I "fbes. national oxetutive chair - 
!' Episcoiwl I^aijue for Social 
Action, Pc\. i: Gil)l)^. John L 
Holton. eveiiilne director, Penn- 
vaiiu Civil Rights Congresi, 
Louis F. M(.<'al>e. Joseph Mc- 
LauKiilin, business agent. United 
Shoe Workers. CIO, Rev. Patten; 
Anna M W Penia [wcker, Helen 
I - P}iillii>s. ass.xijte professor, 
I niversili of Pennsslvania; James 
Price, president. United Electrical 
Union, josfph W. Reillv. editor, 
Freedom PuMications; So! Roten- 
f)erg, e.iecutive director. Jewish 
Peoples Fraternal Order; Mn. 
Mari{are(ta Timms, Past Daughter 
Ruler of Elks, Rev. A. C. Wiitaker. 
Also on the program were Betty 
I Jianders. Laura Dunran, Ernie 
I iefwnnan and Oshome Smith, of 
People's .Artists. 



Exhibit No. 159A 


a iMw ijai . 'y^u&* 

iill^H* f^: Jflafoful Altcrr.a'lTee 


vreDt!?SDAY, E;c-MB3< 14, 1949 

iTg;-:, cij-nt^rs, writers, rivie >ind labor I'adTs from 46 
•■■ - - '. t'-.i, l:.-ijiinr "^ Irotostant Eishope «nd 2 Nobnl Frlto 
- ^ Ctatonent 5»nt tr> Pros Went Truman ur,-ir^ thnt tho 
. '• ' . IS l-« instructed "to propos* ar. apreeiwct 
.1 ' ?•: De usfd OS ar. of Ir.tT rational warfare, 
•rur. of fenfral jisarrAir.ant" . Thp Stater.Tt v/hich hag b«en 
^sl-i'iit Trucan, furtfjcr callod for a r.(w xe'ting of the Fif Four 

■:■ ." -•:• r»:---r.; •r'ny by the Ccsnittfle for Foaoeful Alter- 

\3 r '•lij'.i r'.s I'Tiicrs, educators arid scientists. 

-: '■- — , )(.: - -: i:;, - -.n .,,i-> ' W.-llsslay, Mass., 

: ; .:. -;: : .:..:. r ! >.:.:. :.;■ '.i: LV'-ri^i • n" lirbsl Llt«ra- 
•i^'-, -•■. K.>". .vizard L. Parsons r:' S'lv F'^riaco, 

v;.,-. Walls, Chiraro, lU-lr. \y , k.V.'-. lion 
.--.-; ,■ ■•!! of t h<> "'orld Council of Ciiur'"'r.°s j Rpv. 

'.--'.•'.■ ^ ' ■ . ; I ■ sKdena, 

• . ■ - s war tir.e 

. , ■ .--v-' .- -■■ -I J ..• ■ . ^ _ ;. .• , WiUiars Col- 

He. W 
Wo - 

': • I'r.-.U. .. j-.>"-i', : M .ft ;»lf ■ ia , I'a., 

^''orn^'i Chur?:., 
■.'.;,-. ■'"--"r ; oderator 

•'..": F: ■• .-.ity cf i-hicafi^ 

- •' . -■ - -.St Cor.- 

Dr - HBii^'" »• Lue'^>,jc, i«ia Univeisi.i*»:ii /in* ty S .ioel, 
r. I. Pine, 8ar. Pranci^eo, Calif., Confrogntion Er»nu-fti 

• . , - ; ■ ' ■ i li . . : orris on, 

'' ' '. ^ ■ . . ■ ■ . ■-,-'- .'.■'.: w'r'rj-. '. Tn'">nF«on, 
:• ■.>r;»n3rial ~'m^-,, V.ii varsity of Chioajo, Illinois. 

"'.o ' <'llcve that tha tso- • ..:-:• • ■ ■ *. ijr. cf artia- 

r^Tta en; the achievaaer.t .f * . • 1. ■ . r * ■ ; 'he 

^f the "r.;t"!4 Katlor.s that they will not us" atoEic en«rcy for ••ar purfosos." 



Exhibit No. 159B 

",!" .oiinvp", the ntnter^r.t ■■■ont on, "thut, at tho saiM tirj, it . :■ :'-<:-•■ 'i ' 

rflCPas ,ry fcr th« Pip Four r.atioriS to ror.for mcr") ccreorri:. "1 f .-ob- 

Ip-s — »•'- -ir<- In an ;. tnoai h'-re 'f purp osefulr.esc arl soVri' t., -:■ ; re- 

d»". 5'.:'-<'S5 cf *?.. ir 'Uc-'jscici.." 

A~cr, rrcr;ir.:r.t rirwrs of • K' -•.■:,:.» oro Cd<>ll S^^r '•. - '-.:■:■ '' •:■ 

Fulitzur!-:- '-r ; i .T' ; :,;■ '.r, i -r-.r :;-:•■•:.-;.•-■ vri r ' ■; '-'rr. 

Hwtrd T . i ■ I .,'. ~\ .■'., 'I '.'■:•, y r ■ r i :■:.:,'- ^ ■"'■-' ■ ' ' ^ '■ 

Alora:; i'-r ; 'Ikl'v-^ir, California, educator t.rd •:ri*'r, f-.rr/ r I •• ■ ' ;'y 

of ''ic. ■ ■ ■■- ■ ; FishT ■■' " ■ . ■ ■■ - rr s , S< ;, -::■,. '""■"■■ , ' ' 

!. ir.nofi! ciis ; :;,r . Ar*ur 

Harlor; , 


Earl .".■■: , - •-,. J :..r . I-iiifh iirysoii. Sir Fra; "isco, C&iif. 

rrorli-r^ :. : ,; ■ \ ;, .;.^.; i Fudr lrh I. -pfr^o cf San 

"- : 1' , lif.; F:-r. "^^ G. l; : ., -;i>.-MX c: i versity, ;-■ w -.— '• ; :-. 

Sc^-r' "--is. ':.-ra York, >' ■. ;- ': : : . ; -. . Z rt ^: r.- . , . ■ '^'bur 

F'.rk, •.-., ::- :;i,r- ;; -k- A'-t-A"- -: ■■ : .; ■ :5- ' ; ■• -in. 

": - - '■ xt ^1 'ho Staterur.t onti* Id "T-'iri ' - .-.■ .-■.',•;- 

pe'-.r .- -hj list ;f sirnors (irrar.foi f of r'^rhi." iV.. i . • :■ 

u op--'Q /l 9 


Exhibit No. 159C 

A-«-<-( WlU<, /(/ 

, /yv^- 

Hcv, V. ::. .r :' ; ■; , Tr r :-;;;: r. ' „^'.'r, Afrl.-ar. '.;,-t;;^'^.lst Zriscpr tI T.-jirch, 

";■/, ,;. r. -T •, :- . '.",, Ir r ■ ' r', , .'j-Y.: I'i cciorftr;- ?r.r tipt ' 

''rro>:'r;,- .U - , "t :;-.-il r '■ .'.-* , '"-' r.^-r. rr.A ?;'oforr.lf r.n, Icr ^ir.jolas 

ncv. -,r"po u. .U r-.nrtor, 7^ ■• ... ' ^.Ift 3vJ-du Scdlm.dn 

!;is5 ;if.lcr. ;lfi- , ■ .; ".tl-r.E I--'.l, iltador.i 

rrcfi Jcsoi-h 3n^ 

Kr, Jcshxa L, T'. , 1- .'rhl; rf P.ccor.cillntlrr. , Sj". riOf^r 

Mrs. lath Ir.ccre.'^li I:..'. , ., :." . .; ^f ">r. r; ','':'. rvr, r.:^. 7-^.r.r 

!&tthc'.v rari.cB, ."xir. Fr-,:. -- .'.rt A ■! .■; 

Hclcr. llrjr. ;fx 3cr.rislc,'' , : :.■; I .-i. f r r Tcacc '.■ Frocdoni, Lrs AnROlos- 

"tr.r.irlas Jpc, r.ur;iciar., r-.r. ;-'iar."irc<^ 

Hoi. ilchari :;, Bins';?., "'. - '.>:,*h' llr.t n-.\u-'-h, Orc^r-y 

Kr, riA :>K, Hrjry R-aV' r.--.n, :• -. fi-. 1 ■; ' 

Rov, I .'ilXcr. Jiro/r., Jl; 'I'Tial thijrch, Pan 'Bcrn-idln" 

I!r. K'ii>i rr:-c>--r., TrcsH .'.', "Xd Sto-Jard? T'nlpn, CI?, T'n T'-t.cIfOi* 

Bov. Hart roll X. 3ucIaior, 3.i; :... r _ ,- Ivj-rh, Yroka 

("rcTnl'za.tlnEai eti^, llstiyl for th .■ nirp"so if Idontlflcation ooly.) -cTcr- 


Exhibit No. 159D 

Slnsere ft Statecent "Icward the Atomic Era cf Feace" ;.r^vj ^115 

Scv. ?, A. r&rklt.s, Mlllvale Methodist Oivirch, rittstur^. 

rr. St.-u-.lry K. "arr.iill, Trlncltal Emer. Gcrr.antcwn ?rlende Schc-l, rhiladelrhio 

Bev. 'kr-.T. Totoat, Le^lsburp 

?.ev. rwi-i-.t ~, 7-^r^:^., .^,^, , Irco, Central Ferx. Cfmcd rf United Lutheran avjrch 

Kclene C-irley ?.ea, Fcncr.' s Ir.t'l. Leacue frr feacc t Freedoa, Jevm 

Cc3e;h ~. r.elllyi Editrr Yflce cf Tree doc , rhlladclrhla 

Sri rjcter.n.-r;;, Zlec. 2iroctcr, Fhlladelfhla Cp'^.cII, Jewish Feoplos Fraternal ''rder 

Alfred J-iatterjocd EollcloMa Scclety -)f Friends, Gercantcwr. 

J. Henry ccattergo';d, Heli^irus ."cclety rf Friends, Villancva 

Jcfcrh 1, .Ichatz, Fresldont, Local 2, trrrA, n-.lladelphia 

Trcf.}h ~, "chlcsser, Slizatethtr^n Crllege, Church rf the Brethren 

i:itcheil i^ .-chai'fer, Inlted 3toel Wrrkerg '•f Jtacrica, Sethlehec 

Kev, ?. I, Tcott, r.D. , Lrwcr Morlfn Baptist fhurch,, Bryr. !-:awr 

?.ev. ■». ;•;. "eybclt Valley F.othcilBt Qiurch, City 

~\ev. TTillian 3. Sjcffcrd, ih.R Titnesa (Erlscc-Fal weekly) , Tunkhar.n'-ck 

liov, LaTirer.ce A. 'tahl, the Methcilst Ch'jrch, Sew Erl^.tcn Frc:-c-rick i:. Star,-., Z.2,, writer, riuEsersrillo 

Kev. Artl'.'^' A, .Inar.srn, :.«thcdl3t riiurch, Lxindy's Lar.e 

Errf. lylrT -hocje^n, Alle^eny OrlletTC, lleadville 

J"hn ^isa, Fresident, 1-cod, Tctaccr , «rrifJ.tiire & Allied ficrkcrs Tnipn, rhlli. 

KeT. '.'.. H, 7elt-y, 2.1., Svar.^ellcal "nlted Breth.rer., K^d Ll!"n 

?a-ji L, '.".itoly, "cclety -^f Friends, Lanoas'or 

Iliss ALlejra Tcod-^crth, Fhe ."^--Ifley "chocl, Bryn "iawr 

rr, thc-0.5 "crdy, '."r.ivcrsity rf Fennsylvanla, FhiiadalFhla 

'.'ss. Arxa F. I'arr.all, llc-'oer, Y.r.C.A, > Friends Mcslcn Frard Fhiladol-hla Trly.;:te. 

3ev, Carl F, Bare, llewrrrt 

Fr, C, Lenr.DTt Carlscr., Firect-r cf Sducaticn, Friscojal Flocese '>f F., 

?,ev. -tt" F, O.-iTchill, ".icrth ^cifr^ate Fartlct Ti-arch 

Hev, Frederick A. FJ-ckran, i:pt;:cdl-t, Fr^vidor.:c 

Hev. Albert u". Hallinf^tcn, L-.thoran Ch.iir^h, F. Greenwich 

Rev. Clarence K. Kcrncr, F.F. , "ra-e ^.'ii-fh, Fr^-ridoncs 

I'Js. Er.ily Fr'bir.s'r., Fjlsr^ial a.urc.:, Ja-estcv:n 

Eev. Wllliac F, l?allarG, Haven Mathidift '>:--a-ch 

Hev, A. ?., Hf"ard, I'.eti-.odlst C!-.ur^h , ."Surter 

!;rs. Andre" ~. "lEsklns, li.A.A.C.r,, C:l-ii."la 

s: :r:; fak: fa Fa'-l F. Favis, First ifithcdlst Ch-jT-h, Fi",-:^ Falls 

Hev. Har.'e:" Fandcr, ■:ethoiist Cr.urrir. , F-alsJe Ktr^ter. A, FanTiist, Fhe !!et'r'>dl?t Ch':;rc!-, ."firils 

Hev. Ifcrr^x". J. Fenpas, Hanlln F.cforned T.vjch 

Kcv, J. Fi"^ Far'br-a:, Zdi:^r, "'.la ti' r, -il B aytist Voice , Kashville 

F.ev, Fr, -{iel F. Foilir.rer, "ecrctor;', In-arttont ^f Cello/;" '<• '.'niv. r ■ '. ' ' " ".'■• 

Life, rrard i-f 3iucaticn, Fh.c :>Vr.oliat 5-.-irch, "asJ.vllle 
Fiev. Karcld€r,vr, Fiitrr, ".Vr- tlvn ," 2d. cf Zd-icatifn, Fhc K.-r : 

Ef.v. :->A;ari "F. illla, Frard rf Fvar.rclis=, The Methodist O-.-irch, Nashville 
Kev, .>>-j-. F, Fcrg'.-;5',n, F.F. , Fclr.'nt ;:ethcdlst Church, Nashville 
Hev, Fcnoli Hc-^oll, ?..c '.'.cfr.riiet, Ch-^ch, Lafayette 
Hev, I. F. :. ijaac, Jr., Fajtlst Ten-.rnranre "nlcn Enard, Uashville 
JaKscr. J-r.^r., Fresider.t, iJati^nal > cf McthcUnt "f-uth 
Hrv, :-;.-,r.-.-.- :-:. Frvey, "gee r.claticr.s Felt., Air.-rlcar. ;:ln?i-r.ary AsEcciatirrMl'ar 
Hev. ~., A. 'vcr., I-res., Fcm. Faitlct ilis'l-r.ary i Educa'.l-nal C-cnver.tirr., ">■-- 
Helvh T. F.ll'-;-, Arcrican Bartist 7r.^-;clrglcal Scr.lnary, Nashville 
Hov, Alva TT, Faylcr, Fcuthorn "rnferoncc Sducatinnal F\ir;i, Farhvillc 
Krs. lara 1.. Vir.cer.t, Frcjlc's Institute cf Arjlled HeliFi-n, ::haf.a-r'.-a 
r.ev, Cornelius H. 71 tt. The liethc'dlst Church, V.orrhls 

('r^ar.lzationn arc listed frr j'iricso cf flcatlcn -nly.) --— - 



Exhibit No. 160A 



■ -D ■- A 

S ■" re 3 

° £ s ~ M i = S W= 2 £ 5 E §■-« 1 i'-^ ° w 1 " . 

; 6 -■ 

2 o 5 

e1 > = 

"2 ^ i; X c y £ 

' » - fc - c 

, S o „ - ^ £ 
I 2 ^ £ 

^ z o 


p " " 

5 -£ -^ 



_ ^ 

"2 o 

J j: t; < _ _- - 
. — ^ ■-> "I V ^ ^ 1. 
' X ^ Ji '■- = g ^ 


-cS2 = Cc2f3 ■^°- 

« ^ 

- 4 

-J ^ £ 

£ L' * ' 

£•1 OS 6 

= •? £ 



t ° S 

85333 O— 57— pt. 2 21 


Exhibit No. 161 

ran* 4 Prily WoA«r. H*m V«A. TrJAi?, f«»t 1>, !»«» jBi^^^^H 

PA//// ffa/Zx Scores Jailing 
Of rAree; P/otests Nlount 

FHII.ADKI.PHIA, ]uw 9. - The };irgt>st dcmon- 
str.ilioii luTf siiH-e thr start of the trial of the 'IS' hnmj^it 
tlif fight til Iree thf jailed Comimmiit leaders to thousands 
<>l riiii.ult Iphiiifis III the central city shopping area Wednes- 
»!.i\ tMiiiiii; SjH'cial (Nilice details directed traffic aro\ind 
(.iniinK mh\ iither dfpartineiit stores as thovisaiids of shop- 
•ptTs 1h,.(! Market Street to watch 750 pickets in front of 
tlie l-(tl<ial Hiiikimg •ihoiititig "jimcrow must go. Free the 
< (-:iim'.iTiL>.l 12, nw-y Kiphi (or 
ff.Hf .im! •.iniil:!r sliig;im. 

^ [.■iHUjvei,l»T triiik <rms«! ll 
iltt'ipittji .irr.i, '{)**■ ilfmon^tral 
vjs . Iimjun! witli ttie iainesl ir 
ir.i' I 't\ vUf^t m+'efirig HfWi h< 

S(iei.k(i^ imlmW Heiir> Beils 

«v< larlv. l).>r,.thv Peiirsoii, 
<iii,.\r "(xifian. ('4ijnniilt«: Bijril jfiikms, Vegni yrarti 
f'^nnrd }i*^rf (or mtircitT. K<i 
S:ti'n)i- Cpiiinniriist farU 
.Kjiniw.i. Sol RotenlwjR, 
lAf vrtrrtan. Jewish IVopk 
) !..UtiwI Order. larrics F'a*qiwn 

• f tl,f CIO Fur aiwi Uiiti 
WtirLer"; ohaircil iKr clenwMistra 
t'OM wKk ii v,^s orjraiiizwi by 
cnr rtem-v .i.nmirltM- of traiie 
iiM^inNt.v. tiVR, fratfrruil, aiKJ 
<o,..,r,„..,U' l.-adfr., 

11* ( ofumuiiist Party fw.. „. 
loiiirfTii l(ut to iti kiwulrttgr 
1 t''V pio(.-5l ((Irgrtin.' w«e snit 
I' iimr Friday. 

liiry M tlw Prvgreuivc Party li«rt 
r!-\>.ilf-<l iliar ^rogr^^sivf Party 
I ■iilis 1.1 r»' wrn rt^poiisitik for 
1^.- vr,(!i:,g of ariKitioial hiiri<ir«3 

• I pi(.|«i wires. He dlso sakl 
( J\ rrM'mlxrship meftin^ 
■Iu.Mlrt\ oiglil ,,| tin Piojjressi 
I.irlv ir. \Vf.M I>t,.U.I«-lphu, organ 
i/itic l*lim,! tlrt- i-ai«]Kkov of I.j! 
\.:u \.m,n tor ( ,(y ( m„Kil. de 
rn Mhtnl the fri*rnt-up. 

I^arlf-rs of the JEWISH PEO 
cl..r«l that thfir Uvul litard of 
dirwlors had uirnl ,M.iima a.,i! 
PrrsKlftil Inimari drtttandmp the 
slop tlif frartK' lip pr«T»il,ngs 

All tlw^f activilirs Mf-re «li«l 
iilcd to lif flimjufd nighl will 
a djowr M hf Stfphrn Crur. 
Holrl. Thf (Imner <omriiitlt< 
}.tad«l hv Molhi-r EIL, Re,.v, 
floor aiir,oiin<ol (hat huiMlrwK of 
<■' <i rlaiif< wrre iitiug r< cfivcd. 






Exhibit No. 163 

— rss 


Exhibit No. 164 




Exhibit No. 165 


Exhibit No. 166 

Proposed Program of Action— Conference To Repeal Walter-McCarran 
Immigration Law, Sunday, February 8, 1953 

We, the delegates to the Conference of organizations and individuals, assem- 
bled here in Philadelphia, this Sunday afternoon February 8, 1953, to discuss the 
Walter-McCarran Immigration Act of 1952, after receiving thorough reports on 
the nature of this Law, and after careful deliberations on its purposes and its 
effect on the American people, adopt the following program of action : 

A. Resolved that : 

1. This Conference accept the formulation of the President's Commission on 
Immigration and Naturalization, appointed specifically to make recommenda- 
tions on the Walter-McCarran Law, wherein they referred to the Law as ''an 
arrogant, brazen instrument of discrimination based on race, creed, color and 
national origin," and pledge to support the President's Commission conclusion 
that the Law "should be reconsidered and revised from beginning to end." 

2. This Conference pledges its full support to the repeal Bill introduced by 
Congressman Wm. A. Barrett of Philadelphia, H. R. 220 ; and pledges to take 
all the necessary steps to insure its passage in Congress. 

3. This Conference further pledges to take all necessary steps to replace the 
Walter-McCarran Law with an Immigration and Naturalization policy which 
carries forward America's traditional, humanitarian, and democratic approach 
to the foreign born and those desirous of entering this country. 

4. This Conference further pledges its support and aid to all victims of the 
Walter-McCarran Law, including the carrying on of a campaign for the release 
of those detained without bail by order of the Attorney General ; and stopping 
the agents of the Attorney General and the Director of the Immigration Service 
from browbeating, harassing, and intimidating non citizens and foreign born 
American citizens through improper questioning. 

B. This conference adopts the following additional points of action : 

1. Organize delegations to visit Congressmen to obtain commitments and their 
support for Conference Resolutions adopted above. 

2. Obtain signatures on petitions which should be presented to every Phila. 
Congressman. No less than 5,000 for each Congressional District. 

3. Get thousands of postcards and letters sent to our Senators & Congressmen. 

4. Organize large delegation to go to Washington to visit Senators & Congress- 

5. Develop neighborhood campaigns around Action Program, which includes 
the visiting of Ministers & Rabbis, round robin letters, local meetings, etc. 

6. Set up a Continuations Committee, today, which shall carry forward the 
program of action ; be flexible in its operation and make up so that all organi- 
zations can be represented ; issue informational material & plan further actions. 



Exhibit No. 167A 






" cTt rs I fo r S^a nclion s " 
November 8, 1956 

Mr. Richard Arens, Director 
Committee on Un-American Activities 
House of Representatives 
Washington, D, C, 

Dear Sir: 

On October 28, 1955, a testimonial affair in honor of Attorney A. Harry 

Levitan was held at the BROADWOOD HOTEL. The affair was con- 
tracted hi,' Mr. So! Rotenbere, reoresenting the Philadelphia Life Insurance 
Co. at 115 North Broad Street, Philadelphia. 

Since we have been advised bv the Federal Bureau of Investigation con- 
cerninc this eentleman, we notified them at the time this affair was 
contracted for. We also notified the Pennsylvania .State ''^olice. Since 
that date we have had other affairs which have been contracted for by the 
same orpani 7,ation and the same party, and as stated procedure calls 
for, we again contacted the Federal Bureau of Investigation and State 

If-we can be of any further assistance please do not hesitate to call upon us. 

Very truly yours, 


William Adler 



Exhibit No. 167B 




'.Jirsl for 'f'tiri(h(>ns 

January 9, 1957 

House of Reoresentatives 

Comnnttee on Un-American Activities 

Washington, D. C. 

Att: Richard Arens, Staff Director 


I have previously written you advising you that a testimonial affair in 
honor of attorney A. Farry Levitan was held at the BROADV,COD HOTEL 
on October ^8, 1955, and that the affair was contracted by Mr. Sol 

Rotenbera, representing 'Philadelphia L.ife Insurance Company at 115 
\'orth Broad Street, "^hilade'.phia. 

An examination of the contract with this hotel, dated August 16, 1"S5, 
and the letter addressed to Mr. Rotenberg by this hotel, dated 16, 
1955, which letter related to that contract, shows that the contracting 
oarty for the testimonial affair which I have been describing was the 
Philadelphia Committee for Defense of the Foreign Born. 

In no way, therefore, was the Philadelphia Life Insurance Corripanv a 

oarty to that affair or to the contract with this hotel relating to that affair. 

_yo.ur3very truivi 

William Adler 


^ O 


Exhibit No. 168A 





Exhibit No. 168B 


• • • 


DEFEND LABOR'S right to organize and bargain collectively. . . . 
Repeal the Taft-Hartley Law: stop prosecutions under this Act. . . . 
Stop Court injunctions which hamper labor's right to strike and picket. 
. . . Defeat the new Brownell proposed bills to destroy the trade unions. 

"What is harmful to labor is harmful 
to the nation." — A. LINCOLN. 

DEFEND THE RIGHT OF FREE SPEECH, Press and Association. . . . 
Repeal the Smith Act which subverts the First Amendment. . . . Make 
Philadelphia the graveyard of Smith Act prosecutions. . . . Repeal the 
McCarron Internal Security Act with its concentration camps provisions. 
. . . Repeal the McCarran-Walter Immigration Act. . . . Pass the Lehman- 
Celler Bill. Free all those prosecuted under these repressive laws. 

Defeat all newly introduced police state bills, pending in Congress, 
which legalize wire-tapping, deprive Americans of their citizenship 
because of their political beliefs which would outlaw the Communist 
Party and "communist activities". 

TO END JIM CROW JUSTICE . . . Free Mrs. Rosalie Ingram who 
faces life imprisonment for defending her honor against an attack by 
a white neighbor. . . . Stop the mass arrests of Negro youth in Pennsyl- 
vania. . . . Defend Negro leaders from discrimination and prosecutions 
because of their fight for Negro rights and the rights of all the people. 


Exhibit No. 168C 

I— To Defend the Bill of Rights 
For Labor's Right to Organize 
To End Jim Crow Justice 

At the request of the Civil Rights Congress 
we ask you to join with us in a . . . 

Peoples Conference Against 
McCarthyite Legislation 
and For Civil Rights 

SATURDAY, JUNE 19, 1954 

13th and Chestnut Streets 

The tide is turning against McCarthyism. Millions of Americans are 
calling for an end to the hysteric, fear, political terror and character 
assassination that has been the shameful trademark of McCarthyism. 
They are calling for action to bring our country back on the road to 
sanity and decency. The defeat of McCarthyism will be achieved by the 
organized unity of the people. Only united action of all people, regardless 
of political affiliation, race or creed can return our country to the tradition 
of freedom and democrocy that has been America's heritage. 

The heart of McCarthyite repression are the laws under which people 
are being prosecuted and civil liberties destroyed. 

We call for continuous organized resistance to McCarthyite legislation 
and repression. 


Benjamin D. Anton, Esq. 
Mr. Hans Blumenfeld 
Mr. Samuel Cannady 
Mrs. Sadie Dobisch 
Rev. Kenneth Ripley Forbes 
Miss Elizabeth Frazier 
Miss Mazie Freeman 
Miss Harriet Gulgnon 

Mr. John L. Holton 
Mr. Robert Logan 
Mrs. Lillian Narlns 
Mr. Sol Rotenberg 
Mr. Joseph Stemple 
Mrs. Margaretta Timms 
Mr. Eric Winston 


Exhibit No. 168D 

CONFERENCE AGENDA ... on June 19 at Adelphia Hotel 
REGISTRATION . . . 10:00 A. M. to 11:00 A. M. 
OPENING SESSION ... 11:30 A. M. to 12:30 P. M. 

Two Workshops: 

a. The effecf of McCarthyite Repression on Labor: 1:30 
to 4:00 P. M. 

b. The effect of McCarthyite Repression on the Community 
1:30 to 4:00 P. M. 



Rev. William Howard Melish 

Address opening session of Conference 

Martha Sciilamme • William L. Patterson 


(tear off and return) 

312 Hardt Building, Broad & Columbia Avenue, Philo. 22, Pa. 



Address City. 

Organization or Union 

Delegate Observer 

Delegates Fee: $2.50 (includes admission to rally) 
Admission to Roily $1.30 tax incl. 

Issued by: 

Peoples Conference Against McCarthyite Legislation and for Civil Rights 

312 Hardt Building, Broad & Columbia Ave., Phila. 22, Pa. Phone: STevenson 7-4090c 


Exhibit No. 169A 


^•o. Hfvrley Kllgcre, Chnlrnan and Hon. tmanusl Celler, Chairaeji 

Senate Judiclf.r/ Conanlttee House Judiciary Comnlttee 

Vte.«hin<;ton, D. C. Washington, T. C. 

Mo are fure that you art a\<are of the aroused ipubllc aentlT^ent 
whioh exlsta in the country today In oppr;£itlcn to the jrcvislor-B of 
the Walter-McCarran law. i.ver since its enactment in 1S^2, over Presi- 
dent TTUJsan'B veto, there he.s botr. widespread opinion that this Law Is 
racict, discrininatcr/ end ii±u3Pr; and that it must be repealed or 
drastically amnded if ve nr>i inaintain basic deniocretic principles. 

h-. his C-tntt of the UniXi t^ssa^jo this year, lYesident Elsonhower 
declared that "certain la-jvisions of the low... should be corrected in 
this sereijn of Congress." 

Since the ccn-^ning of the S'+th Ccii|?ress a number of bills have 
been intrjd'jced proposing nuasrouB changes In the Wblter-I-fcCarrrui law. 

Vfe believe that the .'j.icric"ji people should have an orpc^rtunlty to 
express thejnselves on these bills thr vU£^ public hearings. 

Vfe urge, therefore, that , public hearings be held iia -»: i ateiy 

on all bills pending before the in relatlm to the Inaclgritl m 

and nf.tjr-illzati-Ti l^ws of the United States. 

■"t. Pev. Dor.ald B. /Idrlch, Princeton,!;. J. Dr. Anton J. Carlson, Chicago 

."^ev. Pasquale ■Itcrlt, tliani, Fl_rld'i Lr. Pudoiph Carnap, Ic-s T.geles, Cillf. 

Br. Vict,.r ,Taaut\,ff, S r. Irancisco Pov . Mark ;■ . Chaaberlln, ^esh/.a, Oregor. 

-;ov. WlUlnc T. Baird, ChlcR^^; frof. fie re nee CDnverse, W^llesley, ^Ass 

r". Irvin ?.. Seller, ;'»fidville, Pr. . - ?ev . Dr. Henry Hitt Crane, Detroit 

Mrs. /nita Blocl., Kew Xca-x, N. Y. Rev. Wllllaic C. Cravner , Alei-ir.d9r Clt;', 

Prof. G. MuJTay Bi-anch, Atlanta, Ga. It. Abrabac'Crocibach, C^nc^nnati ' ^'' 

?altl Stanley F. Erav, Cincinr.atl, Cbio Prof. £;iiraiB Cross, New York, N.Y. 

a-. rk.rothy Brewster, New Ycr::, N. T. Kr. Frank M. Dsvis, Honolulu, Hawaii 

Pi-of. P. W. Brld^aaE, Cacbridqo, Mass. Ur. Wiliiaa Well* D«iton, Tucaoc, Arit 

n-of. Lttlly C. Brovn, Boughkeopeie, I.Y. - Prof. W. ►tershon DePclster, Fulton, Mc. 

Mrs. Valeda J. Bryant, P»lo Alto, Calif. yt . J>1b» Tkrmtr , Hashvllle, Tenr 

a-. Alice Hill Byrne, Palo Alto, Calif. Pev. W. Artluir Fauj, VllllaaBpc;rt , Jte. 

Pev. Ra/«on, CalklM, Cmlbri6.^ , )teM. P»^. l^lse, RuztoB, HA. ^ ; 

Exhibit No. 169B 


. ''. H. Fl'iher, 3eattle, Wash. 

■ . Z. iydAtfi Fox, Chicag'.-, 111. 

(V. Ktinnoth Pipley Forbes, rtolladelphia 

..1. Clenens J. Prar.ce, Providence,? .1 . 

- f. Poyal W. France, Kev Yjrk, N.Y. 
.T. Eulo Gellcrt, Hev York, K.Y. 
Inlihi. "o^ert i.. Gcldburg, HtindenjCunn. 
Dr. y.^Tc^^■^, J. QcHsiFji, Alt xBTiis i. c , Va. 
?J-oi'. WllliaaC. Greens CeiuoridjB, Kiase. 
P5-of . Albert Ciuerard, Star^'ord, Cnlif . 
Vr. ralpb v.. Omdlach, Ne« Y-rk, N.Y. 
rt-. Deahlell, Kator.ah, I. .Y. 
Itr . Hu^ ilarliTTAn, Icpan^, Calif. 
Per. Sidney h. Hjris, Viocdiurn, Oregon 
hfr. Willif'-n ilrj-rlson, Boston, :. ss. 
'?rDf. Pobert J. EavlgTiurst, "clce,... 
pev . JVanr..!; C. Haves, P;ttor., I!£l..e 
Mr. Wllliird T. Hezen,^,-.n C;ve,.'!E3n 
Fev. Clarence D. Eorrlott, Ber-'-cle/jC JLif 
Kev. Charlcn /. Eill, Detroit, Mich. 
Pev. Chester i.. EM^^n, Ozor.e r'ir.;,r;.Y. 
V.eT. Dor.'/id ?. H-u-lburt,, Kalno 
Dr. Louis C. F.ari.laskl, Winter U ver,Fla. 
Dr. John ". . ■'J.r.^lMTj , ohady , N.Y. 
iTcf. Pail Kirkpatrlck, StGi.l^rd,C'illf . 
I-Uas R6/ :^v. New Ycr.t, N.Y. 
Prcl'. C. F. Uttell, LlsbfT, I,w« 
Prof. Oliver i^. Loud, leilrv Springs, Chlo 
Hen. Pobert Korsi Lovett, Chicsjjt 
!tr. Mber*. M It?., Itexicc 
lYo'.' . The d ,.• K uch, Wellesley, 1*66. 
Pr f. Harvey K.-Mr/^rthur , EartforA^ C .i'.n . 
Pev. Warren :. .'IcKenna, i.ppir.g,- ^.il. 

J-jAgB 3tani«y Moffatt, Los ji^les, 
Bishop Arthur W. Moulton,3alt LakeCit;- 
Mr.Oeo. B. Murphy, Jr ., Washington, D.C. 
Vr . M^ry W. News(jn, Love 11, Ind . 
Prof. Gas pari Nlcotrl, Nev Y-rk, N.Y. 
Q". Itllllp B. Oliver, Providence, P. I . 
Pev. Geo. L. Paine, ChanbrllgB, Mass. 
5?t. Rev. Edvard L. Parsons, San Frwicls 
Rev. Idvard L.Feet, Sacramento, Calif. 
Mr. Wlllard B. Pansom, Indianapolis 
Miss Bertiia C. Beyn. Ids, Stoughton,M^"it 
Prof. Rcbert ." . Posenbaum.Mlddlej 
Dr. Ralph Saci.ley, Chicago. 
Mr. AleiBiider Saxton, Sausall Jo, Calif 
Rev. Randall B. Scott , Temple City,Cal. 
Pr-jT .Malf.rd C. Sibley, St. Paul, Minn. 
Dr. lAlla Sklrjier, Chicago, 111 
Prof. Louise Pettibone Sitltb ,3 vtford 
Prof. Wllllta T. Starr, i,vanstcc,Ill. 
Dean J:,hn E. Th.'iapeon, Chicago 
r<ev. Frenst J. Troutner, Redding, Cal. 
Dr. 'riillard Uphaus , Nev Eaven, Conn. 
Dr. Harry F. War, Palsiade, N. J. 
ft-::. Lero.-' Waternan, Ann /"xbor, Hich. M.WBatherwajt , Los ■r.^le«,Cal. 
t!r. George H. Whoraa, Mason City, Iowa 
Pev. Albert J. Vflls-.n, Walla Walla, Wash. 
i?ud.^ JaiDBS H. W. lfe,Vlnebur(5, Calif, 
rfof .Polland iiBerson Wulfe , Cleveland 
"ev. Lqyd F. Worley, H irtford, Cann. 
irrs. C.i.i;.Wccd, Los (iat.,s, C lif. 
rev. J-unas D. Wirier, Mt . Verncn, Cihio 
rsWJ^r Burr Yampi,!, Chicigi-. 



Exhibit No. 170A 




IF NAMES •ell • aewtiMipor, tli« 
Sunday Worker AoviA readbi wail- 
lions slmost oT^iiii^t ... for here 
i» one ttf the mo«t oolorful umjt of 
editors, writers and artists ever 
gathered together by one publica- 
tion . . . everyone an ace in his 
field . . . rqjutatioas that guarantee 
popularity, ability and distinction. 

BRING THESE talents to bear 
on the problem of making a news- 
papAf . . . one that makes issues 
and correctly interprets events . . . 
providing the many features ex* 
pected by workers and the prop'es* 
sive middle dass . . . and yon ar« 
pretty sure to have a newspaper ap- 
pealing to die entire family! Th«$m 
are the men m%d women who wili^ 
make this pmper! 


G A. Hathaway 
Joseph North James Allen 


£<lwi]i Seaver 

Sports Edward Newhouse 

Women's Page Ann Rivington 

Rotogravure Ted Jones 

Movie* Joseph CK>llomb 

Theatre Michael Blankfwt 

Books Edwin Seaver 

Art Redfidd 

Photographer Elisabeth Roaa 


Exhibit No. 170B 


Bob Brown 
Louis Budenc 
BiU Cunninghani 
Ben Davit 
Sender Garlin 
Si Ger«on 
A, B. Magil 


Beth McHenry 
Harry Kennit 
Tlionuii McSorley 
Loren Miller 
Bruce Minton 
Blaine Owen 
Harold P ro c e c 

Myra Page 
Midiael Qaixui 
Carl Reere 
John L. Spivak 
Valter Wflaon 
Marguerite Young 

Phil Bard 


Huge Gellert 



Nathan A»eh 
Albert Bein 
Earl Browder 
Margaret Bourke- White 
Fielding Burke 
Kenneth Burke 
Er«kine Caldwell 
Harold Clurman 
Merle Colby 
Jack Conroy 
Malcolm Cowley 
Bill Dunne 
R. Palme Dutt 
Ilya Ehrenbourg 
James Farrell 
Kenneth Fearing 
Ben Field 
James W. Ford 
Robert Forsythe 
Win; in 7. Foster 
Waldo Frank 

Harrf Cannes 
Michael Cold 
Maxim Corky 
Albert Halper 
Alfred Hayes 
Cranville Hicks 
Josephine Herbst 
Langstone Hughes 
Matthew Josephson 
Arthur Kallet 
Valentine Kataer 
Alfred Kreymborg 
Corliss Lament 
John Howard Lawson 
Louis Losowick 
Craoe Lumpkin 
Andre Malreaux 
Heinrich Mann 
Albert Malts 
Robert W. Minor 
Harvey O'Connor 

Clifford OdeU 
•M. J. Olgin 
Paul Peters 
Boris Pilnyak 
David Ramsey 
Edwin Rolfe 
William Rollins, Jr. 
Remain Rolland 
Ceorge Sklar 
Anna Louise Strong 
Jack Stacfael 
John Stradiey 
Meridel Le Setter 
Isidor Schneider 
Lincoln Steffens 
Consuelo Tanaga 
Ernst Toller 
Mary Heaton Vorse 
Harold Ward 
Ella Winter 
Clara Weatherwax 
Leane Zugsmith 

H5833 O— 57 — pt. 2- 




Exhibit No. 171 
[Daily Worker, April 28, 1938. p. 4] 

Leading Artists, Educators Support Soviet Trial Verdict 

Nearly 150 prominent American artists, writers, composers, editors, movie 
actors, college professors, and Broadway figures yesterday issued a statement 
in support of the verdicts of the recent Moscow trials of the Trotzkyite-Buck- 
harinite traitors. 

The list includes : Arthur Arent, author of One-Third of the Nation ; J. R. 
Brown, University of Kansas ; Edwin Berry Burgum, president, College Teachers' 
Union ; Morris Carnovsky, leading player in "Golden Boy" ; Robert Coates, author 
and art critic of New Yorker ; Harold Clurman, dramatic director ; Merle Colby, 
editor, Massachusetts Guide Book; Jack Conroy, novelist; Malcolm Cowley, 
writer and an editor of New Republic, and others. 

Entitled "A Statement by American Progressives on the Moscow Trials," the 
announcement declares that the signatories consider the trials "have by sheer 
weight of evidence established a clear presumption of the guilt of the defendants." 

Bracketing the fight against fascism in the United States with the necessity 
for protecting the American progressive and labor movement against Trotzkyite 
undermining, the signers of the statement conclude : 

"The measures taken by the Soviet Union to preserve and extend its gains 
and its strength therefore fin<l their echoes here, where we are staking the future 
of the American people on the preservation of progressive democracy and the 
unification of our efforts to prevent the fascists from strangling the rights of the 
I)eople. American liberals nmst not permit their outlook on these questions to 
be confused, nor allow their recognition of tlie place of the Soviet Union in the 
international fight of democracy against fascism to be destroyed. We call upon 
them to support the efforts of the Soviet Union to free itself from insidious 
internal dangers, principal menace to peace and democrac.v." 

The signatories to statement of American Progressives on Moscow trials 
follows : 

Arthur Arent 
Nelson Algren 
Beril Becker 
Thomas B. Bennett 
Arnold Blanch 
Marc Blitzstein 
Roman Bohnen 
Millen Brand 
Phoebe Brand 
Dorothy Brewster 
J. R. Brown 
Edwin Berry Burgum 
Alan Campbell 
Morris Carnovsky 
Vera Caspary 
Si-ean Chen 
Haakon M. Chevalier 
Ch'ao-ting Chi 
Harold Clurman 
Robert Coates 
Merle Colby 
Jack Conroy 
Curt Conway 
Ted Couday 
Malcolm Cowley 
Bruce Crawford 
Kyle Crichton 
Robert M. Cronbach 
Lester Cole 
H. W. L. Dana 
Jerome Davis 
Stuart Davis 
Paul de Kruif 

Muriel Draper 
Robert W. Dunn 
Dr. Garland Ethel 
Phil Evergood 
Guy Endore 
Louis Ferstadt 
Frederik V. Field 
Elizabeth G. Flynn 
Jules Garfield 
Hugo Gellert 
Robert Gessner 
Harry Gottlieb 
Bmmett Gowan 
B. D. N Grebanier 
Richard Greenleaf 
Dashiell Hammett 
Abraham Harriton 
Henry Hart 
Lillian Hellman 
Granville Hicks 
Langston Hughes 
Rolph Humphries 
Lee Hurvitz 
Burton C. James 
Florence D. James 
Joe Jones 
V. D. Kasakovich 
Adelaide Klein 
H. S. Kraft 
John Howard Lawson 
Corliss Lamont 
Catherine Lawrence 
Melvin Levy 

Jay Leyda 
Philip Loeb 
Louis Losowick 
William C. MacLeod 
Albert Maltz 
V. J. McGill 
Selden O. Menefee 
Alfred Morang 
Elizabeth Olds 
John O'Malley 
A. L. Ottenheimer 
Samuel Ornitz 
Raymond Otis 
Dorothy Parker 
Paul Peters 
John Hyde Preston 
Rebecca E. Pitts 
Samuel Putnam 
Charles Recht 
Wallingford Riegger 
Lynn Riggs 
Holland D. Roberts 
Anna Rochester 
Harold J. Rome 
Henry Roth 
Paul Romaine 
Margaret Schlanch 
Morris U. Schappes 
Edwin Seaver 
George Seldes 
Howard Selsam 
Irwin Shaw 
Dr. Henry E. Sigerist 


George Sklar Bernhard J. Stern Ethel Turner 

Harry Schlochower Housely Stevens, Jr. Keene Wallis 

Bernard Smith Philip Stevenson Max Weber 

F. Tredwell Smith Maxwell S. Stewart George T. Willisou 

Jessica Smith Paul Strand Frances Winwar 

Hester Sondergaard John Stuart Martin Wolf son 

Raphael Soyer Genevieve Taggard Richard Wright 

Lionel Stander Nahum Tschabasov Victor A. Yakhontoff 



Exhibit No. 172 

p -- m PaBy WoAtar^ New Y«»rfc, TMrnj^ Wyrember 1. IHl 

° fHfi9fh Anniversary Celebrofion " 

of the 

first progressive labor newspaper in the 

United States, the 


Himgariaii Daily loumal 

On the Program 

HUGO CELLERT, Master of CeremonieB 


«nd others 

Sunday Afternoon at 2 O*eloeh 

Noveml>er 4, 1931 


253 W. 73 Street 

Entire Program in English 

llunfirian Daily Joamal, 130 H. 16 Street; the Worker's Book 
Shop, 35 E. 13 Street; the Jeffer«.on School, 575 Sixth Avenue. 



Exhibit No. 173 
[Dally Worker, New York, Friday, May 16, 1952, p. 3] 

49 Notables Sponsor Amnesty Parley 

A call to organizations and individuals concerned over democratic liberties to 
participate in a National Conference to Win Amnesty for Smith Act Victims was 
issued yesterday by 49 prominent Americans who have joined in serving as 
sponsors. The conference will be held June 14, 1 to 5 p. ra., at the St. Nicholas 
Arena, 69 W. 66 St. 

Their call points out that in the year since the U. S. Supreme Court upheld the 
conviction of the 11 leaders of the Communist Party, indicted under the thought- 
control provision of the Smith Act, "many Americans have come to believe that 
their punishment is unwarranted ; many that these men did not have a fair trial ; 
still others that the law they were accused of violating is itself antidemocratic 
and un-American." 

The call concludes : "We believe that amnesty is the only practical way to 
redress this great wrong." 

Sponsors are : 

Dr. Jacob Auslander, Dr. Edward K. Barsky, Elmer Benson, John T. Bernard, 
Herbert Biberman, Prof. G. Murray Branch, Prof. Dorothy Brewster, Dr. Anton J. 
Carlson, Sarah Cleghorn, Muriel Draper, Dr. W. E. B. DuBois, Howard Fast, 
Clemens J. France, Prof. Royal W. France, John T. Gojack, Hugo Gellert, Abner 
Green, Dr. Ralph Gundlach, Robert Gwathmey, Rev. A. J. Hallin^tdn, Dashiell 
Hammett, Dr. Alphaeus W. Hunton, Grace Hutchins, Rev. Dr. John Paul Jones, 
Albert Maltz, Vito Marcantonio, Prof. John Mar.salka, Carl Marzani, John T. 
McManus, Halois Moorhead, Scott Nearing, Father Clarence Parker, William L. 
Patterson, Anton Refregier, Bertha C. Reynolds, Paul Robeson, Waldo Salt. 
Alexander Saxton, Arthur Schutzer, C. LeBron Simmons, Thomas L. Slater, 
Jessica Smith, Prof. Louise Pettibone Smith, Gale Sondergard, Maurice Sugar, 
Dr. Harry F. Ward, Prof. Gene Weltfish, Rev. Eliot White, Susan Woodruff. 

Exhibit No. 174 
[Dally People's World, Monday, July 21, 1952] 

Notables Protest Mrs. Yates Jailing 

Washington, July 20 — The release of Mrs. Oleta O'Connor Yates, jailed for 
her refusal to become a government informer during her trial in Los Angeles 
under a Smith Act indictment, was urged upon Atty. Gen. James P. McGranery 
last week by writers, artists and labor officials. 

Headed by Author Howard Fast, the delegation reminded McGranery, in a 
statement, of his pledge to abolish "witch-hunts" by the Justice Department. 
They maintained that he could make good on his pledge by ordering government 
attorneys to refrain from using their "inform or go to jail" technique and 
releasing Mrs. Yates. 

Declaring that "this is the technique of inquisitors," the delegation asked 
McGranery whether this was the way he intended to "restore the faith of the 
American people in the government of the United States?" 

With Fast on the delegation were Hugo Gellert, noted New York artist: 
Ralph Powe, New York attorney; Benjamin Paskoff, education director of the 
Fur Workers Council in New York; Dr. Marcus Goldman, Washington, D. C, 
geologist, and several other union leaders from Baltimore and Philadelphia. 
The delegation was arraigned by the Citizens Emergency Defense Conference. 

Exhibit No. 175 

[Daily Peoples World. April 29, 1953, p. 7] 

U. S. Cultural Leaders Greet Chile Conference 

New York. — Dr. W. E. B. Du Bois, Howard Fast, Charles White, Michael Gold, 
and more than 30 other United States writers, artists, actors, and other cultural 
workers have sent greetings to the Continental Congress of Culture now being 


held in Santiago, Cln\e. Tlie message endorses the ohjeotives of tlie congress, 
which seeks to further the preservation of culture and to stiuuilate cultural 
exchange. It declares that "there is no problem in painting, in biology, in 
psychology, in scK-iology that will not yield ultimately to study, discussion or 
scientific test — or that need he settled by dictate, inquisition, or force of arms. 


The message and the list of signers follow : 

We. the undersigne<l North American writers, scientists, artists, and profes- 
sionals, heartily endorse the objectives of the Continental Congress of Culture. 
We do so out ()f our belief in a fundamental truth expressed in the call to this 
congress, namely, that: "The anxieties and anguish of universal conscience, as 
well as the problems affecting the American Continent, are urging men of good 
faith to join their effort for a life together based on understanding and trust." 

The peoples of the world need many things : bread, shelter, medical care, educa- 
tion, and the peaceful c<mstruction that alone can guarantee human advancement. 
They need also mutual understanding, a knowledge of one another's cultures, 
traditions, problems, and aspirations. 

We, who work in the arts, sciences, and intellectual professions, know that no 
problems exist in our fields that cannot be met. dealt with, and advanced by 
friendly discussion carried on with nnitual respect. There is no problem in 
painting, in biology, in psychology, in sociology that will not yield ultimately to 
study, discussion, or scientific test — or that need be settled by dictate, inquisition, 
or force of arms. Indeed, the latter means are always the instruments of those 
who stand both for cultural reaction and for the retardation of .scientific thought. 

As North Americans we are particularly conscious of our need to understand 
better the culture and life of Latin America * * * What of the rich history of 
the nations of Latin America? Of its poets and liberators, its social struggles 
and needs and aspirations, its literature, philosdphy, and scientific contribution 
to world advancement? Of these, not (mly are the schoolboys of North America 
largely ignorant — but so are most intellectuals. Imperialism feeds on ignorance 
and indifference. 


W^e say this in honesty and in humility. We say it further out of an earnest 
desire to breach this appalling and unnecessary separation. If there are any 
who might i)i'ofit from this congress and from future congresses like it, it is 

Unfortunately, we who need cultural exchange the most of all are now the 
least able to enjoy it. At this time in the history of our nation, our own govern- 
ment does not look with favor upon the free exchange of ideas. Many cultural 
workers have been prevented from attending international such as 
yours by the goveriunent's refusal to grant them passiwtrts because they dis- 
agreed or were charged with present or past association with persons or organi- 
zations that disagreed with the United States government's foreign policy. 

For this reason many who would wish deeply to be present at the Continental 
Congress will not be present in person. Most certainly, however, we will be 
present in spirit, in intellectual collaboration, in our approval of your aims. 
With hearty greetings, 

Herbert Aptheker, Phillip Konosky, Phoebe Brand, Lloyd L. Brown, 
Harry Davenport. W. E. B. Du Bois, Laura Duncan, Howard Fast, 
Sidney Finkelstein, Hugo Gellert, Barbara Giles, Michael Gold, 
Lloyd Gough. Shirley Graham, Yvonne Gregory, Robert Gwath- 
ney, Milton Howard, Charles Hund)oldt, V. J. Jerome, Millard 
Lampell. John Howard Lawson, A. B. Magil, Albert Maltz, Arnold 
Manoff, Martha Millet, Karen Morley, Sam Moore, Steve Nelson, 
Joseph North. Earl Robinson, Waldo Salt, Samuel Sillen, Jessica 
Smith, Alexander Trachtenberg, Dalton Trumbo, Charles White, 
Henry Wright. 



Exhibit No. 176A 
Masses and Mainstream, January 1955, pp. 27-31 

Salute to Hugo Gellcrt 


'T^HF Afjtjei in 1914 was famous 
-■• for its pioneering art. John 
Sloan, Robert Henri, George Bel- 
lows, and other now historic figures 
of the "ashcan school" of the new 
American realism, appeared regu- 
larly in the pages of the Masses be- 
side such fighters for social justice as 
Maurice Becker, Fred Ellis, Robert 
Minor and William Cropper. 

If .Afdjuf drawings often seemed 
ugly to an eye conditioned by the 
genteel magazine art of the period, 
there was also the paradox of Hugo 
Gellert. His drawings seemed out of 
another world. They were serene 
country idylls from some lost and 
forgotten Golden Age; beautiful lit- 
tle white goats and their kids resting 
gracefully under the trees; or lovely 
young girls in Greek robes who 
danced by a river to the piping of 
dark young shepherds wiuie the sky 
shed happiness on all the world. 

What was such archaic, naive in- 
nocence doing in a journal of the 
class war and the great industrial 
smog and injustice.-* I asked myself 
this question, and I know other bit- 
ter young unemployed workers like 
myself did so frequently. The time 
seemed too tragic with its war and 
unemployment for such serenity. 

Today one understands better that 
old-fashioned bc-auty has a place in 
a journal of working class struggle. 
The crazy millionaires with their 
fascism and H-Bomb are threaten- 
ing to destroy all of man's truth and 
beauty. And the bourgois artists 
seem to have abandoned the human 
race. They paint only meaningless 
docxlles and drips of nothingness, 
squares and aibes empty as their 
own withered hearts. 

"The bourgeois artists find hu- 
manity superfluous," says Hugo Gel- 
lert, a painter of the human hope. 
"They are preparing, it .seems, for 
the abolition of man by the H- 
bomb. But the workers are old- 
fashioned and still cherish life. The 
heritage of human culture now be- 
longs to them. They will know how 
to defend it from btnirgeois nihilism 
and death." 

Hugo says such things in a gentle 
voice. His wistful eyes !(K>k at you 
tenderly, his smile softens the rug- 
gedness of his red Attila musrache. 
He gives at first an impression of 
frailty. His optimism seems like that 
of a sunny child. Don't be fooled by 
such surfaces. 

The man is really a rough Hun- 
garian fighting cock. His gentleness 



Exhibit No. 176B 


Maatea & MeAnatream 

is real, but under it remains the tire- 
less organizer and battler for human 
rights. Any optimism that can flour- 
ish after a fony-year struggle against 
the fascist persecutions and mass 
slanders of our land is no hour lily. 
It is the real thing. 

There is a strong sculptural char- 
acter in much of Hugo's art. It 
comes from his life-long adoration 
of Michaelangelo. Hugo tries to 
paint men not as lortured bourgeois 
pigmies, but men like gods, prole- 
tarian gods of the earth. The peasant 
nature of much of his work comes 
out of a genuine life. It is not syn- 

TTUGO was born in Hungary, and 
•*"■■ spent many summers of boy- 
hood among the peasants. He rode 
horses, played in the fields with the 
white goats, and heard the pipe of 
shepherds and the gypsy fiddles. He 
watched the sturdy peasant mother 
suckle her babe in a corner of the 
wheatfield. In the cottages he saw 
how the peasants covered every bit 
of furniture, every smock and table- 
cloth and towel, with rich and color- 
ful folk design. It affected his own 

Hugo was brought to America as 
a young boy. His father, a lively 
tailor who whistled and sang like a 
blackbird all day at his work, made 
the great migration to save his five 
sons from military service. 

The people for a century had be- 
lieved that militarism was European 
and feudal, while democracy and 
peace could only be found in Amer- 

ica, the new world. Today we are 
becoming the old world, and Hun- 
gary is new. 

Hugo has wandered over America, 
has picked cotton and driven mules 
in the Imperial Valley, traversed the 
cities and farms of the West, and 
Mexico, and the Eastern industrial 
cities. He has worked in a Pittsburgh 
steel mill, and been in strikes and 
demonstrations; and also watched 
baseball games and prize fights, and 
loved Walt Whitman and Mark 
Twain. But his spiritual roots were 
struck in the Hungary of his child- 

By the age of ten he already had 
many verses of his beloved Petofi by 
heart. Petofi is the national poet, the 
romantic Byron, Shelley and Walt 
Whitman of the Hungarian bour- 
geois revolution of 1848. He died in 
battle before he was thirty. Petofi 
understood the suflFering and great- 
ness of his people, and considered 
them the true nation. He brought 
the speech of the people into liter- 

Another great influence was Vic- 
tor Hugo's Les Miserables, that mod- 
ern Bible which aflfeaed my own 
childhood. I believe it to be the 
novel of widest humanitarian in- 
fluence in our time. 

npHE Gellerts settled in a tene- 
■■" ment in the Hungarian sector of 
Yorkville, just south of the Ger- 
mans. There was a Hungarian 
Workers' Home nearby which be- 
came young Gellert's university. He 
painted their May Day posters. 

Exhibit No. 176C 




worked on scenery for the amatexir 
theatre, drew cartoons and peasant 
decorations for the Hungarian daily 
paper, Elore. All of his forty years 
in the working class movement, as 
long as I can remember, Hugo has 
lived and worked in brotherhood 
with the Hungarian-Americans. 

It is a warm and intimate rela- 
tionship; he is a genuine voice of 
his people. No American artist that 
I know has such close relations with 
a mass of workers. Many of Hugo's 
paintings have been admired and 
bought by his friends, those rank- 
and-file Hungarian plumbers, elec- 
trical workers, tailors, carpenters, 
house painters and sheet metal 

"I have always felt useful," says 
Gellert. "I have never felt alone. So 
many artists in our country have 
been crippled by their isolation from 
the people. I have never suffered 
from that unnecessary sickness." 

Hungary's people were the first to 
be betrayed to modern fascism. Her- 
bert Hoover and Wall Street were 
the evil midwives of the crime. In 
1928 the Horthy racketeers and 
anti-Semites were hunting another 
big loan in Wall Street. To disguise 
their blood-stained snout with some 
human mask, their American pub- 
lic relations counsel suggested a 
clever plot. The fascists presented to 
New York City a statue of Kossuth, 
the democratic liberator of Hungary. 
A hundred "pilgrims" were sent 
over for the ceremonies, all covered 
with badges and testimonials that 
asserted they were 14-karat demo- 

crats from way back, grateful little 
cousins of Abraham Lincoln and 
General Motors. 

Nothing helped. Hugo Gellert 
was around. The Hungarian anti- 
fascists of New York met the "pil- 
grim" boat with a long picket line. 
I was there in the dark night by the 
lonely piers. A news photographer's 
flash powder exploded and blew 
off his fingers. It sounded like a 
bomb in the night, and the cops 
went crazy with fear and hysteria. 
They started clubbing us. It was a 
wild party. I admired Hugo Gellert 
and other captains as they re-formed 
the broken ranks and started us to 
marching agjin. 

A week later, Hugo flew in a 
hired plane above the ceremony at 
the Kossuth statue on Riverside 
Drive. He flung anti-fascist leaflets 
down on the "pilgrims," on Mayor 
Jimmy Walker and the other thieves 
there. The pilot was a former war 
ace with no politics. He buzzed the 
ceremonies three or four times to 
show his solidarity, but only man- 
aged to set Jimmy Walker and the 
fascists running in fright. It was 
quite a scandal and filled the papers. 
Hugo still likes to boast modestly 
about that happy day. 

Hugo always had a flair for public 
art. He earned good wages when he 
VMS (uily sixteen on his first art job 
in a lithograph house. Then he left 
commercial art to study at the Na- 
tional Academy of Design. He won 
several important prizes there, in- 
cluding a trip to Paris. 

He could easily have made a ca- 


Exhibit No. 176D 

30 I MaM»e» A Main*tr«am 

reer, become a fashionable portrait 
painter or wealthy illustrator for the 
sophisticated New Yorker, also for 
big New York papers like the 
Times, the World, the Tribune. 
Commissioned to do a big mural in 
Rockefeller City, he covered a wall 
with heroic steel workers and Negro 
machinists, with farmers and scien- 
tists and mothers whose sturdy babcs 
reached for the stars. Rockefeller 
junior himself inspected the mural. 
It shocked the great man of money, 
until a diplomatic aide explained to 
him it was only "symbolic" and 
meant to represent the Battle of the 
Moon and the Sun! 

Hugo always fought the business 
world for the right to own his own 
soul. He likes to boast about his bat- 
tles against the bourgeois editors and 
against his own livelihood. Commer- 
cial success never corrupted him in 
a country where most intellectuals 
have sold their souls to the business 

"npO KEEP from being frustrated, 
■■• one must constantly fight this 
environment," Hugo says cheerfully. 
He had given his heart as a youth 
to the people's cause. Hugo was per- 
haps the first to paint labor murals 
in this country. It was a massive 
work that covered the walls of the 
Worker's Cafeteria in Union Square, 
later torn down when the building 
was taken over by Klein's cheap de- 
partment store. Hugo's powerful 
mural for the seamen's union still 
fills the walls of the NMU building 
in New York, despite today's reac- 

tionary leadership. 

Hugo has been a great organizer, 
a sparkplug in the organization of 
American artists during the depres- 
sion, one of the leading actives in 
forming the Congress of American 
Artists Against War and Fascism in 
1936 — that grand united front of 
the sort that stops fascism. He re- 
vived the Masses with me in 1926, 
after it had suspended for some 

Hugo is an organizer who never 
became bureaucratic. He had breadth 
and insight, and an artist's sensi- 
tivity to the great realities. No true 
artist can become a routineer. 
Nothing can discourage or frighten 
Hugo. He is an ever-green optimist 
who can never grow old. 

In 1950 he went with his wife 
Livia, also an artist, to visit her Aus- 
tralian family. He lived there for 
several years and loved the vigorous 
labor commonwealth. He painted 
murals for the seamen's union and 
for a government project, then 
worked his way home on a freighter, 
this man nearing sixty who did not 
flinch from cleaning toilers or scrub- 
bing decks, while in leisure hours 
painting portraits of the crew or 
painting murals in the seamen's 
mess room. He will till he dies 
keep his brushes dean and his heart 
pure. This is not a fragile liberal 
reed that cracks in the first un- 
friendly wind. 


IS brother Ernest was one of 
the finest young men I ever 

Exhibit No. 176E 




knew. Ernest wanted to be a musi- 
cian, he composed the piece he 
played on his vioiin at graduation 
exercises from CCNY. Then the 
imperialist war of 1914 interrupted 
our lives. Ernest became an active 
member of the anti-conscription 
movement, then a conscientious ob- 
jector. He was brutally treated at 
one of the camps near New York. 
Thugs called top sergeants hazed and 
tortured him for weeks. They kept 
him standing in his underwear in 
freezing weather in the yard. He 
froze nights in an unheated cell 
without blankets or clothes. Hugo 
and I visited him one week-end. He 
told us about the college boy of- 
ficers with Saturday Evening Post 
minds who tried to convert him to 
beautiful capitalism and free enter- 
prise. When they were psychiatrists, 
they also tried to have him admit he 
was crazy. But the young Socialist 
martyr was saner than all the gen- 
erals and politicos of the crazy war 
for profit. And they shipped his 
body home the following Wednes- 
day with a brief note saying he had 
stolen a rifle and killed himself. It 
was a rotten lie, but the American 
Civil Liberties Union and other lib- 
eral agencies could not manage to 
uncover all its threads. 

Another brother, Lawrence, de- 
veloped TB and after an operation 
bummed through the South. He col- 
lected some of the first Negro work 
songs and songs of protest. We 

printed them in the Masses, an early 
contribution of great value to Negro 

I have been Hugo's friend and 
fellow-struggler these forty years. I 
knew his family, and he knew my 
little peasant mother from Hun- 
gary, and my brother George, the 
^ood carpenter and teacher who 
died. I have been bitten by his dogs 
and admired his gardens. I am fond 
of this shrewd who is al- 
ways busy painting a picture, or- 
ganizing a picket line, or carpenter- 
ing a house. 

This month in several American 
cities there will be banquets to cele- 
brate his forty years of cheerful 
battle. I am glad to write this brief 
portrait for the occasion. There can 
be no progress without people to 
make it. Fascism cannot be fought 
without people. Socialism will never 
come* without brave people. So in 
celebrating Hugo, we are celebrat- 
ing people and confounding the in- 
formers, the opportunists and grave- 
yard intellectuals who say no people 
are left in America. 

Viva la musica! Hurrah for pro- 
gress and the people! Ixt art and 
brotherhood flourish like a Hungar- 
ian vineyard! Let the earth be cov- 
ered with justice and peace! Three 
rousing cheers for Hugo Gellert, 
who never stopped believing in 
America and Hungary, in friendship, 
battle, and the human race! 


Exhibit No. 177 

THF. WORKER, SI !VI»4Y. APRII 12. 19%% 

Page 3 


":p[ac[, democracy. 


I ,,^*"P'> (;ellert\ dtj" ii>^ fyr the cu\er o( the ^tw.^osk Maf 
"ay padiphLt ivsmpH in 50,1)00 i.tpifs by tlic ProvJMonal Majr 
Da/ Coujiiiitti-e. 

Exhibit No. 178 


IGeUert Teaekeg 

Hugo Gellert will teach "Draw- 
ling iod Cariooaiag" at the jetfer-l 
isaa School of Social Sckncc in \ite\ 
|faB term, ti>e school has announced. 
The course is designed to teach I 
[the expiessioQ of ideas oii pohtkatl 
[questions, in form suitaUe for shopj 
[papen and mimeograph sheets. 
Other art workshop courses m-l 
ie ■pamting and Drawmg," \%ntb | 
[Ed Strickland and Iferbett Kruck- 
[oan; and begtnnisg arnl advanced { 
I "Scidptoie," with Aaxoi) Goodd- 

There are also courses in "CuiUr 
•Pbying and S«ng I^.eadmg.'' wilhl 
Rettly Sanders and George Le\-ine; 
"i "Leather Ciaft," with RokI>^ 
BcW; and in "Jeweirv Making," the] 
I &:acber to be aiuiounced. 

Murals by Hugo Gellert decor- 
late the walls of Center Theatre 
iin Rockefeller Center and (lie Na- 
Itional Maritkne Unioo Hall. Other 

works are exhibited at the Mttsciio) 
[of Modern Art, PfiiTaJelpfiia \fu- 
Iseum of Fine Arts and many other 
[{Jaces. His lithograph of Paul 
JHoheson. exhibited at the 1^40 
[Worlds Fair, was ktor,coutributed[ 
[to the Birmingham Public Library. 
During the 1930s, Gellert woo| 
l&me for several iHnsLraled books, 
[notaUy "Maras CapitaMn Litho-j 

graphs^" Xooprade GnBiwr," and 
I Aesop Said So." He was a am-l 
Jtributor to the "OW Masses,* a] 
[foooder and art editor of "New 
|Ma«»ei,'* editor of "Liberator." and] 
I is now coQtr&nitmg editor of "Mass- 
jes & Makistieain." He has worked 
[on the staffs of the New York Sun- 
day World, The Times, The Tiib-| 
ime aod The Ktw Yorker. 

Page 7 


Exhibit No. 179 


Exhibit No. 180 
[The Worker, Sunday. April 26, 1953, p. 11] 

Hugo Gellert : Artist "in the Liberation War of Humanity" 

Hugo Gellert came out of the tailor's home at the age of 14 when he got 
his working-papers to find a job at a lathe. He had decided to study mechanical 
drawing at night school but when he heard the youngster in the line before 
him register for "free-hand drawing" he suddenly made a decision that changed 
his life. The working-class boy who had planned to spend his years at a drawing 
board designing machines became an artist designing the future of man. All 
humanity became the model for his free-hand drawing. 

He got down on paper and on stone the grandeur of the class that works the 
machines he once planned to draw. You saw it in his pages of the Old Masses, 
the Liberator, the New Masses, you saw it in his four book.s, like Marx' "Capital 
in Lithographs," where he tried to capture the innermost truths of our life. 
With a grand and defiant hand he put those truths on walls in his murals at 
Rockefeller Center that hang to this day depicting a worker's child reaching 
for the stars. 

The modesty of this man who speaks in a voice so low that you must often 
lean forward to hear his words conceals a flaming imagination that can soar 
to the skies. The artist who searches for truth everywhere is frank with his 
own life. He did not always see his art as a sword for justice: "I was not 
immune in my earlier years from the prevalent concept that it can't be art if 
it deals with the strife and troubles of our day." He did not see then as he 
sees now and he has seen for many decades that the "cartoon which can reach 
and move thousands, millions, can be art. I learned that art need not be 
expressed in oils and in paintings alone : it can live on the pages of newspapers 
that are fighting mankind's fight." He came to that conclusion in his early years 
and his life has fortified it. He held it all during the years that he drew for the 
Socialist Call, for Pulitzer's World, for the New Yorker magazine. 

So he agreeti with John Reed when they founded the Liberator, and with 
Robert Minor who edited that magazine after 1920 ; so he agreed with Mike Gold 
in 1926 when they began the New Masses. And he stands with the trade unionists 
who march on that grand day of hope. May Day, on the streets of a thousand 



Exhibit No. 181 

Exhibit No. 182 


2^^ Delegates Organize Fight to 
Repeal Walter-McCarran Act 

A conCerenc* of 248 delegates,: work for establishment of neigh-iits terrible persecutory actions 
representing 17 national groups, ; borhood committees to this kwj wreaked on the foreign born by 
trade unions and women's organ- 1 and pressure Congress for its re-, the Immigration and Xattirali/a- 
i/ations la.<;t Saturday formed a i peal. , tion Department as well as the FBI 

New York Committee for the Pro- i The conference also empower-, and other agencies, through ar- 
tecHon of the Foreign Bom. Capt.'ed the nealy constituted Com- rests, detention on Ellis Island, 
Hugh Khilzac was elected chair- ! mittee for Protection of Foreign j denial of bail, denaturalization 
man of the committee. Alec Jones j Bom to send a delegate to the! proceedings; a passport svstem 
executive secretary and Constan- two-day conference on the Mc- (identification papers needed bv 
tin Ossip treasurer. | Carran I-aw wiiich opens in Wash- j "aliens"); "supervisory parole-^a 

The conference, held in Yugo-;ington Sunday. I special type of victimization bv 

slav-American Hall, placed on the! The Committee on Organiza- the Justice Department of fho^e 
new organization the main task of|tion presente<l the following pro-| non-citizens who, after Wing heUl 
fi'.'hting for the repeal of the'posals: To establish in New York for deportaHori cannot be de- 
W'alfer-McCarran immigration lawjCity a state-wide Committee for! ported and are held iimler virtual 
and other measures u.scd to perse-jthe Protection of Foreign Born, conditions of jail, and finatlv de- 
cute naturalized citizens and the the purpose of this organization' portation itself, which i-suallv re- 
foieigii bom. ; is to protect the principles of de-''"!'' in the breakup of families 

.Attornev Ira Gollobin, who ad- mocracv and hospitality to alll^nt^ other tragic consequences, 
dressed the conference, pointe.1 ; people ' regardless of belief, na-i From the Puts disclosed bv 
out that the WaIter-.\lc€ Law,t,onal origin or c</)r; that this or-' Alec Jones in his re(X>rt. there are 
gives everv immigration official a; ganj^alion sliall be an ii.drpend- todav "525 foreign-born Americ;.i.s 
free hand to interfere m the life of j.„t, nonpartisan nrg.un/al ion;' throughout our countrv who ;i.e 
individual persons, as reganls ar-i ,},at ,-( shall hold auiiual ttiiiier- cwfroj.ted with ,!c|wtatiou. Of 
rest, the granting or denial of bail, | ^^^^^ t!,,, „„mher «) reside in Vr\v \,'\. 

and snpetviiorv parole. ' Ti,„p „_.,, , t^..^.),;,,^ moment -State, the majoritv heimr ]-« ■!.. reiwts and discus- „,,p„ Bernard Sallzinan. the von There are over 50 natur.-h/r,! < ti- 
^■,)i, m which victims of the „f b^„|.,„,j,, j^^,,^^^^^ ,^,,^ ^_f ,,^^ ^p^, „.j,„,p pj,i5,p,„i,j|, ,,,^ ,,„,„,, 
\\aterM(-( arian Law particip- fj,,( ^-^f-,^^ „f ,1,^ ^^^^ erected i Department seeks to rrxoU 
.nled._ resolutions were passed to. ,he conference in the n.une of the Touching ou the at...<l on the 
the N\alter-Mc(.arran|-So„5 „,„, ,j_,„^,„p„ „, ,j,^ j.^ 

( ondemn 

Ijw as a fascist law to terrorize 

eign Born.' 

*■"'" e<litor and the three sl.:fF mc 
of the "Nforning Frcln it " 

and hound foreignbonv decry the^ T,,e ,,„„,,, Saltzman called 

racist concepts of the N\alter-Mf' „,^„ ,|^^ ticwK fouudc.l \. Y slre^setl the mcist and ;.;iti Sci.niic 

Carian Law; broaden the cam- Committee to help Mrc-ijthru the character of this Nurembrrg 1 aw 

paign for the rej^eal of the Liw; or«anizali<.n of the diildrf n of the 
support the I^hman-Celler bill \Valter-\U<"ana!i law vi- tiin« 
fwilh resenatioiisV demand open The sons and (la.ishlers l.p said 
hearings for the Lehman-Celler are prepared to h, Ip iu ihe dff. use 
bill; empower officers elected at of their parents; thev have p!<<!v;ccl 

\'Iii(h aims to destroy the pro'rves- 
•.'. p press, ]>articiilarl\' tiie iimi- 
Entlisli rrogressive press. 

In addition to the et!it(>rs and 

.,..., ....j,.^.,<ii .«.»vv,„ v.-^.v., oi oi ineir parents; lliev ria\e pl(<!v;cch , r ,, .... ,- i , •• 

the ct>nlerence to petition Mavor ,„ carry on cuKuial am) e.hua- T"" "^ the Monyng Ire.heit, 
Wagner, the City Council and the tiorial work on the i..nt,,l..,t...>,s of '^*^ "'''"" "^ V" f" '"Y"'? "^Y" 
State legislature to state their op-' the foreign l.rru in Aiucu.m. C",^' T '""'^^ "'"'''t t''"^^ 

position to the Walter-McCarran 



Coles' (Rassian languaeeV "Cieek 
i .American Tribune." "\'us I'lm ' 

The conference brought to its ' ^^'??"'\", ''''*.l>' paP*-'" 'l' 
1 iJaily News, as well as C euric 
the "National t^iiar- 
Steuben of "March 

The delegates were urge^ ,0^'**^'^'"" ' ''•"^"■" "»^'*'"*^'^^- Balfrage of' tl 
popularize the tme nature of the i"K of »J" serious danger that the ,1ian" and Jobn 
bw in their communitie* and to WalterMcCarran Law contains; i-i of Labor." 

853:^8 O— 57— pt. 2- 



Exhibit No. 183A 



Exhibit No. 183B 



i Edn Grand 


• Morns Brosman 

Abe Ross 

Alfred Messina 

1 Art Howard 

'Philip Davis 


Harry Entine 

D. Lewis 

Morton H. Marcus 

S. Gussow 

Morton H. Marcus 

M. Newlon 

Ida Lang 

S Kulko 

Philip Rivkin 

i Bi.-b Fasiiield 

Roberto Linden 

B. Albert 

Ida Lanq 

! S. Hey don 

Tiliie Liiikofi 

Y. Lotker 

Albert Baumel 

■ Pae Avidors 

•Betty Manoif 

P. Kossoff 

Cam Shnlman 

i A!<?x Kolkin 

Adam Osos 

i. Schnieder 

I.':idor May 

1 Frf>d Cohen 

Steve Brooks 

E. Lotker 

lennie Baron 

Louis Coop« 

Tama Golmitr. 

S. Tliomas 

Ben Lincoln 

; irerit" Masoi! 

. Isidore Mit'er 

C. Allero 

Al:>e Brotman 

1 Anno Beri'?,!!! 

■ Horry Liebernjaii 

M. Gold 

Ida Rothstein 

Ethel Orciiin 

■ Newton Hustead 

Mike Ponkra.<:hcw 

Isidore Basqay 

Esther Melier 

!,A1 Wesley 

R Vainbory 

David Ginsburq 

: Dorothy V/oiSuiari 

tJock Mason 

Ben Schneider 

Nathan Shankmon 

1 Wilhain Blocn> 

-Philip Mann 

G. Kat:-. 

Nathan Oxhorn 

: Sara Chernov 

' Kalia Gerson 

D. Bavatz 

Sam Gorin 

1 Feioei Lermaji 

, Steve Cohnan 


Eqrem Martunik 

! D. Rornand 

1 Leon Fleet 

G. Guide 

John Pamkc 

\ I Goldsmith 

. Robert Gordcr, 

F Robins 

G. Eqerson 

1 N. 

• icck Pine 

1 Lynn 

Thomas Sveiter 

M. Strassriian 

^ Bernard Aptekar 

A. Auerhach 

S Schnabe! 

! I.. Sinqer 

• M. Palefsky \ 

F, P. 

''". Antoniuk 

: H- Goodman 

, D, Arenson 

Teddy Schwartz 

D. Cyvenko 

1 G'X^-inian 

» L, Rut>ens!ein 

Ivan Bezich 

Henry Konalenko 

A. EiH" 

• P. Hertzher-! 

Ubordu Zoslbodvi 

A. Beiber 

'. Mar.-h-.v 

- Lrcr. P-ir-.s 

Anna Skelin 

Sophie Tarosuk 

i G. r-.r.c 

S. Rathc]! 

! Karloto 

Elizabeth Henkel 

1 '. Perchansh':'.' 

^"^ Ziitimetman 

M. Tomasin 

1 ouis Fenlon 

I , Brodsky 

''.'. '.warn Ginsberg 

L. Rakushech , 

)oe Hal! 

P. Ro;hs!.^;r; 

•- ■. .-;'-! B-s!ik -wif2 

G. Furula 

George O'Connell 

■■ 3or;!i-i '.' ■ 

■ ' ■ !sky 

ii lohnson 

Paulina Sussman 

R,-«' ' '■ : ,■ ■ . 

A. Slaion David 

Hose Fishman 

' hGwr.-..,;) 

Mary Farmer 


i • Ben Shaw 

A. Cha;:i;n 

William Chernot! 

Rhoda Sands 

Mihcn Brooks 

'.- i, ,. 

Alex Smoley 


. !, Gottlieb 

Sophie Moiinich 


■ Schapnaw 

Nettie Selionchik 


i •■ Paulm- ^''-^^ ■ 

■ ., M-ji_<ji 

A. Mironchik 


\ Savov 

' . b txihen 

A Anqur 

I Mcndrilio 

\ A 3- 

ixb Shapiro 

M. Tiiipko 

V Napoli 

: '- r 

Mr, and Mrs. B. 

D. Pnqcdich 

Ir.-mq Dai;z 

' ' X 

• Kestenbaiim 

William Kozlow 

Esther Sitjle 

"- ' ' 

B. Kaniinsky 


Fern eZmachs : 

i , I- La 

ChaTle3~M. ^ 

,' Sharnray 

Fannie Grub: f\' 

1 S H^" 

-Israel RuBinste;;, 

.'. Cycyniowski 

Ray Karp 

! ' M-, , 

. !oK-?fh Steiiihai! 

y. Ivanof! 

H. Isaacson 

'.'"h'jrl'js M. Stron^!!ist 

Michael Kolinsky 

Stella Bk;orr, 


'■■-■\:-:.v r-- La ."abo! 

Ivan Rc-o-danco 

Ctto Arlund 

Naike B^bids 

John Bf iq 

Cahi:--!n Sacks 



' ■:-. ^ : -nvich 

Annette Kar. ■ 

: 'If:. 

:• : - , h'ik 

Scphiv on-i 
khn T..orr;i: 

; \\.y 

■ G::; 


,'-.'•-■>: ',: 

:,-hary Gisfiiki!. 

U'lno & L:. 
S.jnd A Ku,. . : 


Oiini Kuartmen 

D. Kr::,k::; 

f.^ary & T. N. Vu •• .-'. 

I - ' • . ■ ! 

■ E:;.::. :.^ Pi-!::..: 

;- >•-: ;• 

Huqo Helsic;. 

i: .=- L- -v.keTJ 

/Sealrice Sedan.- 

■ ; ■ ■■ 

Anni Ruchoi',1 





Exhibit No. 184A 

THE ^ 




Exhibit No. 184B 

The Convention Dele$$ate.^ 

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Exhibit No. 185A 


to a 




MAYDAY 1949 

1:00 P.M.. 

34th St. and 8th Ave., N.Y.C 



Exhibit No. 185B 













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Exhibit No. 185C 


(Partial List) 

MORRIS ANGEL, Organizer. Local M, Fur and 

Leather Workers, CIO 
ADELE ADAMS, President, Harlem Tenant and Con- 
sumers Council 
HENRY BEKMAN, President, Local 3, Bakery and 

Confectionery Workers, AFL 
JOHN BILLY, N. Y. Sec'y-, Ukrainian-American 

Fraternal Society, IWO 
RISSEL BONOFF, Vice-President, Local 18, United 

Office and Professional Workers, CIO 
HELEN BLODY, Consumer Director, Bronx Council 

on Rents and Housing 
MURRAY BROWN, Manager, Local 110, Fur and 

Leather Workers, CIO 
SAM BURT, Manager, Joint Board, Fur Dressers and 

Dyers, CIO 
ISIDORE LE CASCIO, Shop Chairman, Blltrite Metal, 

Local 140. United Furniture Workers, CIO 
HUGO CILIBERTI. Shop Chairman, Langerman Shoe 

Co., Local 54, United Shoe Workers, CIO 
JESUS COLON, Exec. Sec'y-, Cervantes Fraternal 

Society, IWO 
FILENO DE NOVELLIS, Sec'y.-Treas., Joint Council, 

United Shoe Workers of America, CIO 
FRANK DUTTO, President, Local I. Bakery and Con- 
fectionery Workers, AFL 
JOHN DIMELIS, Manager, Local 70, Greek Fur 

Workers, CIO 
HY DENERSTEIN, Administrator, Local lA, United 

Office and Professional Workers, CIO 
ROSALIE FREDERSON, Shop Chairman, Central Coal 

Co., Local 16, United Office and Professional 

Workers, CIO 
MORRIS GAYNOR, President, Local 905, Brotherhood 

of -fainters. Decorators, and Paperhangers, AFL 
JAMES GARY. Business Manager, Local 1227, United 

Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers, CIO 
SEN GOLD, International President, Fur and Leather 

Workers, CIO 
BOB GREEN, Shop Chairman, Clay Adams Co., 

Local 16, United Office and Professional Workers, 

HYMAN GORDON. President, Local 107. Paper Bag 

.and Novelty Workers. AFL 

shIrley graham 

JACK GOLDMAN, Executive Secretary, Manhattan 

District, Jewish Peoples Fraternal Order, IWO 
LAURA HALL, Chairman, Bedford-Stuyesant Consumer 

and Tenants Council, Brooklyn 
ISIDORE HEIMOWITZ, Shop Chairman, Aristocrat 

Bedding, Local 140, United Furniture Workers, CIO 
ADA B. JACKSON, Oiairman. Schools Council Bed- 

ford-Stuyvesant-Willlamsburg, Brooklyn 
HARRY JAFFE, Manager, Local 12, Fur and Leather 

Workers, CIO 
HERBERT KURZER, Manager, Local 125, Fur and 

Leather Workers, CIO 
ALBERT KAHN, President, Jewish Peoples Fraternal 

Order, IWO 
ROCKWELL KENT, President, International Workers 

STEVE KRAVATH, Chairman, La Marquise Footwear, 

Local 54, United Shoe Workers, CIO 
KENNETH LESLIE, "The Protestant" 
ESTELLE LEVINE, Shop Chairman, A. A. Knopf Co., 

Local 18, United Office and Professional Vi/orkers, 

WILLIAM LAWRENCE. Exec. Sec'y., New York Civil 

Rights Congress 
NAT LITWACK, President, Local 88, Fur and Leather 

Workers, CIO 
VITO MAGLI, National Exec. Sec'y., Garibaldi- 
American Fraternal Society, IWO 

JOHN D. MASSO, Business Agent, Glass Bevelers 
Local 528, AFL. 

ARMANDO MAZZARINI. Exec. Sec'y-. Brooklyn Con- 
sumer and Tenants Council 

MICKY MEDINZ, Shop Chairman, Viking Press, Local 
18, United Office and Professional Workers, CIO 

LEE MARAN, Chairman, Ocean Front Tenants League, 

GEORGE MURPHY, Director of Negro Affairs, Pro- 
gressie Party 

ARMANDO NORELLI, President, Local 85, Fur and 
Leather Workers, CIO 

WINIFRED NORMAN, Organizer, Local 16 United 
Office and Professional Workers, CIO 

KING McLINDON, Shop Chairman, Mittman Co., 
Local 140, United Furniture Workers, CIO 

JACK OSTROWER, Organizer, Local 80, Fur and 
Leather Workers, CIO 

CONSTANTINE OSSIP, N. Y. Sec'y., American- 
Russian Fraternal Society, IWO 

WILLIAM L. PATTERSON, Exec. Sec'y., National Civil 
Rights Congress 

MAX PERLOW, Sec'y.-Treas., United Furniture Work- 
ers of America, CIO 

SAM PEVZNEk, Exec. Sec'y., Bronx District, Jewish 
Peoples Fraternal Order, IWO 

IRVING POTASH, Manager, Joint Council, Fur and 
Leather Workers Union, CIO 

GEORGE PIRINSKY, President, American-Slav Con- 


SOL REINSTEIN, Business Agent, Local 54, United 

Shoe Workers, CIO 
ALEX RAKOSI, Exec. Sec'y., Hungarian Brotherhood, 

HYMAN RICHMAN, Manager, Local 105, Fur and 

Leather Workers, CIO 
ISIDORE ROSENBERG. Manager, Joint Council, 

United Shoe Workers, CIO 
LEO SANDERS, Business Agent, Local 65, United 

Shoe Workers, CIO 
SOL SALZ, Director of Organization. Bronx Council 

on Rent and Housing 
ANTHONY SCIMECA, Co-ordinator, Local 54, United 

Shoe Workers, CIO 
BENNY SCHER. Organizer, Local I. Jewelry Work- 
ers, AFL 
HENRY SCHLANGER, Organizer, Local 18, United 

Office and Professional Workers, CIO 
BERNARD SEGAL, Executive Director, Local 19, United 

Office and Professional Workers. CIO 
HERMAN SINGERMAN. Shop Chairman, Young 

People's Records Co., Local 50, United Office and 

Professional Workers, CIO 
ALEX SIROTA, Manager, Local 140, United Furniture 

Workers, CIO 
AL STEARN. Business Manager, Local 430, United 

Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers, CIO 
LEON STRAUS, Executive Secretary, Furriers Joint 

Board, CIO 
DOROTHY TATE, Member Executive Board. Local 19, 

United Office and Professional Workers, CIO 
ALCOn L. TYLER. Business Manager, Local 121, 

Gas, Coke & Chemical Workers, CIO 
JERRY TRAUBER, Exec. Sec'y., Kings County Jewish 

People's Fraternal Order, IWO 
SOL VAIL, N. Y. Exec. Sec'y., International Workers 

MAH VINCENT, President, Local 150, Fur and 

Leather Workers Union, CIO 
FRANK WEDL, President, Local 848, Brotherhood of 

Painters, Decorators and Paperhangers. AFL 
YOLANDA WILKERSON, Sec'y.-Treas., Local 19, 

United Office and Professional Workers, CIO 
JOSEPH WINOGRADSKY, Manager, Local 115, Fur 

and Leather Workers Union, CIO 

Organizations listed for identificalion purposes only 

Provisional United Labor and People's Committee for May Day 
13 astor place, room 902, new york 3, n. y. phone: gr. 3-7493 



Exhibit No. 186A 


to a 





MAY DAY 1951 

1:00 P.M. 

53 West 66th Street, N. Y. C. 


Exhibit No. 186B 



Exhibit No. I86C 


(ParUal List) 

MORRIS J. ANCKL. Oroniior. Loc. 64. Fur Jt. 

Mt'RRAY BROWN. Furrien. Jt. Council. .M»n»««T. 

L.H-. lie 

ELRANOR RARTKK. Bronx Council on Rnit »nd 

LEO BOCICH. Secy. Union of Yubo«1«v Am»ri- 
c»i,. of New York 

JOE BUCKHOLZ. Ex«c. S«'y. Labor Youth 

LOUIS BURNHAM. Editor. "Frewjom" 

VINCENT CASTIOLIONE. President. Lo<r 80. Fur 

Jt Hil. 
BARNEY COOPER. Memher of Loe. ». Infl 

Lxiie* Garment Woricem Union 
Z. DEAR. Editor. Hunirarian Daily Journal 

CHARLES DKMKTRE. Prealdent. Creek-American 

r'riirrea»ive Leacue 
JOHN DKMKLIS. Manager. Greek Fur Worker. 

Union. I.<w 70 

IRV DVORIN. Port Acent. Marine Cooka and 


JOHN ELMORE. Brtwkirn Tenant Welfare and 
C"n«umer» Council 

NINA EVANS. Pr»id«nt, Domeatic Workera 


JAKE FRANCIS. Bualnaas Arent. Lor. 140. United 
^ Furniture Worker. Union. CIO 

SOLOMON FREEOMAN. Oriranlxer. Loe. iftO. Fur 
• Jt. Bd. 

MORRIS CAYNOR, Former Preaident. D. C. f». 

Brotherhood of Palntera. A. F. of L. 
JACK GOLDMAN. BM'y. N. Y. ConntT. Jewiah 

People'! FraUmal Order 
FANNIE COLOS. Member of Loe. Z2. In'l Ladtas 

Garment Workera Union 
BYMAN CORDON. Prasldcnt. Paper Baa aad 

Novelty Worker. Union. A. F. of L. 
ARNOLD GR08SFIEL0. Secy.. Kins. County. 

Jewish People'. Fraternal Order 
LYNDON HENRY. OrganlMr. Loe. M. Fur Jt. Bd 
MICHAEL HUDYMA. Manaser, Loe 8S. Far 

Jt. Hd. 

ALPHAEOU3 HUNTON. Rjec. Director. Council 
on African Affair. 

■ Ident, Ukrainian 
Manairer. Imc. \H 

, Furrier. 



Jt. Council 


HERBERT KURZER. Manager. l.oc. 125. Furriera 
Jt Council 

WILLI A.M KAUFMAN. Rank and File Comm 

Anialit.mated Clolhine Worker. Union 
CAROL KING. Attorney 

PEARL LAWS, ^:ducation Dept,, Furrier. Ji 


People'. Artist. 
WILLIAM LRVNER. American Jewish Labor 


JOHN MASSO. I,ocaI S2R. Claw Bevelera. AFofL 

DAVE MILLER. Sec'y, Ijat. 101. Furrier. Jt. 



MURPHY. Buslnes. 



ARMAND NORELLI. President. I.k>c. 8S. Pur Jt. 

JACK OSTROWER. Orsanlaer. Loe. RO. Fur 

Jt. Bd. 
C. OSSIP. Kna.lan-American Society 
FRANK PRINCIPATI. Pre* . Loe 88. Fur JL Bd 
WILLIAM L. PATTERSON, Nat'l Elxee. Secy. 

Civil Kivhts CooKreas 

IRVING POTASH. Manager. Jt Council. Fut 

Worker. Union 
SAM PEVZNER. Bronx County Secy. Jewi.h 

Teople'. Fraternal Order 
GEORGE PIRIN.SKY. Exec. Sec'y, Amerlcan-Sla. 

HYMAN RICHMAN. Manager. Loe lOB. Furrier. 


M. RACKOCHY. Secy Ukr.lnlan-Amcrtcsn I.ea«ne 

W. RIBAK. Sec'y. Ukrainian Fraternal Union 

NAT ROSS. N. Y Exec Sec'y. Civil Ri«hu Con- 

BENNY 8HEH. Local I. Jewelry Worker,. AFofL 

JOSEPH 8CHONAKK. Concord Social Club 

ALEX 8IROTA. Manaicer. Loe. 140. United Furr.i- 

ture Worker.. CIO. 
FERDINAND C. SMITH. Sec'y. Harlem 

Trade Union Council 

Comm.. Amalgamated Clotbinc Worker. 
LEON STRAUS. Furrier. Jt Bd 

THOMAS R. SULLIVAN. R«»rd!B» Sac'y Har- 

lem Trade Union Concil 
EVELYN TAYLOR. Harlem Tenant. Council 
IDA THAL. Sec'y. Local IIB Furrier. Jt Council 
SOL TI3HLER. Pr«-.ldent Ixx-al 140, United Fur- 

niture Worker. Union. C.I O. 
MORT VINCENT. Prwiident. Ix>c l&O. Fur Jt Bd. 
PETER VUKCKVICH. PresiJent Union of Yu«i>. 

tif Ne 


•Sing Out' 



Paper and Novelty Workers. A F of L. 

ERWIN WAGNER. President. Loe. 64. Fur Jt Bd 
PETER WAI.DMAN. .Sec'y. I»c 4M. Brotherhood 
of Painter.. A F of U 

ROOSEVELT WARD. Jr.. Admiatatraiiv, Sec, 

I,«U.r Yi.uth Ix-aifue 

FRANK WKDI,. President I>oe. 84X. Brotherhood 
, of rainier.. A F of L 

v/LOriS WEINSTtXK. Former Bee'y-Trraaurer 
PsinleTi D C J». A V at L. 

ABE WEISBERG. Member. Ixk- «. Int'l Ladiea' 
CHrment Worker. Union. A. F. of L 

.MEYER WEISS. Member, I,oc 22. Ladl«i Garment 

Worker. Union 

WILLIAM YOCHIM. Treasurer. U^ 904 Urothe- 
hcxl of Painters. A F of L 

Jl'1,1! .H ZUPAN. Se«-'y. Loe 906. Brotherhood of 

I'.ini.'s. A. F. of L. 

(Orcanlution. listed for identification purposes onlyl 

Provisional I'nited Ubor and Peopi.fs Committee for Mav Day 
Hold Unpwell, 12.3 W. 4i»h St., N. Y. Tel. Jl'dson 2-.5()67 


Exhibit No. 187 


Nov. 30,1952 

Mr. Thos Mc Suillan 
Room 512 General Post Ox'^fice bllg. 
New York.N I. 

Dear Sir: 

A3 I Inlormed you, I re-let thH my pa33port#l63730 has 
been lost. This letter Is to notify you to thla etiect. 


Jeanette 5 . Turner 


Exhibit No. 188 


Protest Bill 
[Against Women 

League Officials Go to 

(> a p i t a I to See 

Rep. O'Connor 

Representing the Women's Di- 
vision of the American League 
Against War and Fascism, Anna 
Center Schneiderman, of the Na- 
tional Executive Board, and Jean- 
ette Stern Turner, Executive Secrp- 
tary of the Women's Committ/^e, 
City Divi.-;ion. I'ft yesterday fnr 
Washington, D. C. to confer wi'h 
1 Congressman James J. 0"Coi.i>or. 
Chairman of the Rules Committpp, 
reparding the Cellar Bill H. R. 34flR 

The bill Is. an amendment io Ser- 
tion 213A of the National Economy 
Bill which has come under continu- 
ous Are since Its passage, as » 
repressive and discriminatory meas- 
ure against women. 

Prior to their departure, Mrt. 
Schneiderman stated: "A« repre- 
sentatives of more than a millir.n 

women who are active or afflliate'* 
members of the American League 
Against War and Fascism, we feel 
that Section 213A of the Economy 
Act is a grossly repressive measure. 
one that smacks of the laws that 
have been passed under fascist dic- 
tatorships in countries lUte Ger- 
many. Italy and Austria, whirn 
have dlsmkised women In govern- 
ment positions and barred them 
from participation In publir 

I affairs. 

•This form of discrimination 

I against women is not only reaction- 
ary but lowers the pollU-a!, eco- 
nomic and social status of women 
A law of this nature on nation.-' 
statute bolts seUs the precedent for 
states to pass .>;imi!ar dL<^crim;ri- 
tory laws. A good many sta!r^ 
have already done .10 DLscrimmi- 
tion of this natuie is contrary --> 
our American ideals and trari- 

I tlons 

'While we support the CcUer Bi ' 
H. R. 3408. we feel u is only a sto 

I in the right direction since It dors 
not remove the principle of ri.'- 
crimmation. It would, howev', 
alleviate the great dL^tress ocn- 
sioned b\ the dismissals Incurr' '. 
through Section 213A. We ■•' 
continue to fight for Its complfe 



Exhibit No. 189 
Daily Worker, New York, Tuesday, January 21, 1941 

fro«p of Ni^ional Maritinoe Unton leaders and m«mfeet«* wfvtm at tf- 
fio«a of APM, 381 Foorth Ave. yei^rday. Left to rtftit are Mr«. Harw- 
ard McKenxie, Klanm Pinska, Dale 3ow^ and JeaBeite Twmer. Back 
row, Mr& IL Hedie^ Stone, Mrs. Eetta' Carran and Fr^erlck Field 
of tlMs APM. 



Exhibit No. 190 


omen C.P. Leadeify 
Honor Mother BloOi 

Veteran Labor Leader Telb of Trip to tke Sovi* 
Union — Praises Democratic $ua:«8s 
of Land in Recent Elections 

A group of women leaders paid 
I tribute to Mother Ella Reeve Bloor, 
who recantjy returned from the 
Soviet Union, at a limcheon yester- 
day, at the New Hankow Restau- 

Principal among the speakers was 
[Margaret Cowl, chairman of the 
Womi^s Commission of the Com- 
mimist Party, which sponsored the 
dinner, who presented the chair- 
lady of (h* dtty iiftef paying a 
glowing tribute to the "grand Sghter 
and grea^ c^nnradc," calling Mother 
Blosr "the symbol of progresaive 

(womanhood of Am^ica." 

Rebecca Grecht, chalrlady, wel- 

[corned the enthu^astic audience and 
called Mothd* Bloor one of the most 
active fighters against reaction and 

'"cesspool" Trotskyism. 


She continued by saying that 
I Mother Bloor for more than 50 
years has been and atill is con- 
sidered the epitome of an »^nt 
ftghter in tl^ foreground (rf tkw 
struitgle of American labor. Up- 
holding the AmMPican Revolutitm 
land its demorf-atJ-; tradition, the 
veteran l«bor letudm wiU to tM 

'beacon of progn»sivlsm for our| 
young {rioneers, she concluded. 

Mother Bloor. when introduced I 
received an overwhelming ovation, | 
which ended with the Intematioaal. 

During the course q| h^ remarks. I 
she vividly impi tuiid upon the| 
audi^ice the "democraUc sueceas" 
of the Soviet Union. Recalling the I 
eight-lK>ur demonstration In Red! 
Square after the announcement of j 
the election reltims, she enthustM-[ 
ticaily told of t)w abe<dute happiae«s| 
of the citlsens. 

.A^coig the prominent guests who] 
welccHtned iiother Bloor were Fikul| 
Crosble, Jeanetle Turner, Iaabtite| 
Walker Soule. (H»ee Campbefl. 
Charlotte Todea. Orace Rutehlns. 
Charles Knnniwin, Aims Damon. 
J»sie Taft, Uyne TtMn^soo, R(^e| 
Walls. Helen Hc4a»n, Benita Wil- 
liams, Audley Moore ai^ Roee^Nel-l 

Exhibit No. 191 


O 3 











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e ^ 





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1 1 

i !l 


i -s 


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3 1 

3 '1 

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85333 O— 57 — pt. 2- 


Exhibit No. 192A 

Our Nation is in 
Gravest Peril... 

This Ik not intended to be alarmUt. 

But, we would be remiss in our duty If we did not sound 
the wornlng of the grove threot to the bill of Rights 
and the Constitution of the United States contained in 
the proposed legislation of the House Committee on 
Un-American Activities, titled "Subversive Activity 
Control Act of 1948". 

This proposed legislation would destroy the rights of 
oil Americans, would suppress all opposition ond 
criticism of present or future govemmentol policies, 
would smash free trade unions. 

We, therefore, call upon all Hberty-lovlng Amerteans. 
regardless of political creed, to foin in a determlnod 
effort to protect our most precious heritage, the Con- 
stitution of the United States, by defeating this sub- 
versive legislation. 



A Call to an Action 
Conference for Freedom 

Saturday . May 8fh^i9^S 
Cenfra^ Needle Trades H,5. 
225 W. 24 St.. N, Y, C. 



Exhibit No. 192B 



Exhibit No. 192C 


Parfial Lisf of Sponsors 

For Democratic Rights 


w. E. B. Dubois 






To O^feat The Pending Leglsleflon Of The 
House Commiffee On Un'Amerlean Acfivlfles 

Nam« Addr«« City 

Name Addrott City 

Name Addrest City 

Name Addratt City 

Name Addreii City 


(Nam* of Organtiaflen) 

Address of Organitation 

Number of members 

Are above members delegates? or observers? 

REGISTRATION FEE $1.00. Please enclose reglitratlon fee as we are not 
permitted to collect fees in a public school building. 

Mail to: 
LEN GOLDSMITH, Execyf/ve Secrefary 

Committee For Democratic Rights 
23 W. 26 St., New York 10, N. Y. 

Phone: MU. 4-S76I 


Exhibit No. 193 



ong ress 






•rit\slllA^T T) IMF CNUfll Virl'lN^. 

Naikinai Oih<hi> 

1)H t.lM *1 1H1>H. f''<Jl~'. 
Ml Bir! DRAI'IS, V: 

? East 2 ^ ^ 
N ¥ % York 
V hone G K j rr, e r i. y 

February 25, I9U5 


Dr. CiiAKi.'jni- Hawkins Hr< 


ANNA Ci;ntib S< lINFIni 1 

llANi I'.l VI IKS Tl 

MRS. Zl.AiKo Uaiokomi 
. 7.K1 VtA < BSANlvr 
PROP I>>ROrnV l>)lf,iAS 

Naomi riNKii vrris 
IcNi; Gosnos 


Makv Van Kihk 


(.i:Rim i>K; 
Rosr Ri vvi i I 

I A^l; Sll PHI NmjS 
( HABIOni "-PiBN 

(I,;..;; IDIIH I.: 
No. Sltl:>n~B\r 
PrMi/vn~ Makv 

■;/. i)A/M l> 

Jear friend: 

In a y<>ar irh^n <"orEatlor. of nllltary alliances and 
skyrocketing tud^ots for war ars the order of the day, 

liilZHNATIONAL 1IC.»x.i'S DAY, V.arch g, ase'-xes a ne»- signi- 
ficance. For on this day, woir^n tr.e >ror*cl ovpr will 
dedicate theaselves to the task of fl^rhtin^ at;ain!it the 
outbreak of another war and for the friendshlr. and unity 
of all the people as indlsronsatle In the atoa boKt age. 

The O0N5EISS OF AiCRICA.'; TTCSN has planned national 0:- 
servance of IKTERIi&TIOI.'AL vrCi,2:,>S DAY, through rrass if^et- 
Ings, parades, and radio broadcasts, in practically every 
cajor city In the Unitod States. This yesr we are urging 

woaen all over the country to sp^ak out for reace to 

call upon President Truman to undertake direct negotiations 
with freaier Stalin for the r'-solutlon of all US-'JSSR dif- 
ferences. The cold war nay lead to a shooting, boablng 
war. I'Ogotiatlons can lead to a lasting peace. 

Wo invite the women of your organization to take stiller 
action by writing letters and sending wires to ?rpFldo-t 
Truman. Won't you add yo'^ strer.f:th to ours '■y obsTviir- 


/le^u. £ /^^^ 

Stella ?. Allen 
Executive Secretary 


Exhibit Xo. 1{»4 
[Dally Worker, February 28, 1949, p. 1] 

Chief Justice of Utah Rips Trial of "12" 


Chief Justice James H. Wolfe, of Utah, yesterday denounced the govern- 
ment's prosecution of the national Coniinunist leaders "for mere advocacy of 
their political views." In a joint statement with a group of distinsruished lib- 
erals, released to the press yesterday, Judge Wolfe declared political change may 
become impossible if the goveniment persists in pressing such actions. 

The test of the basic constitutional guarantees is "the defense of persons who 
disagree," the statement said. Terming the indictment "a most shocking exer- 
cise of state iMiwer," the signers called upon the Attorney (ieneral "to suspend 
these political prosecutions." 

Besides Justice Wolfe, signers include Paul J. Kern, former president of New 
York City's Municipal Civil Service Commission ; Arthur Garfield Hays, out- 
standing civil liberties attorney; Earl Dickerson, leading Negro member of the 
Illinois bar ; Charles H. Houston, former dean of Howard Law School ; and more 
than a hundred other representatives of professions, arts, sciences, and the 
labor movement. 

Leaders of the group have formed the Committee for Free Political Advocacy, 
with Mr. Kern in charge, at 11 West 42nd Street, and have named Miss Sydney 
Ilowen provisi<mal seci'etary. 


Text of the statement and the names of .signers follows: "Free speech, free 
press, free as.^embly, and free petition, as guaranteed by the Rill of Rights of 
the United States Constitution, have no meaning if they apply only to political 
friends. The test of these guarantees is their application to political antag- 
onists in times of controversy, and to the of persons who disagree. 

"This is the interpretation of free si>eecli applied by Voltaire, Jefferson, and 
Lincoln, and embodied in our Rill of Rights as the most .sacred political guaran- 
tee of free democracy. 

"In this light, the present indictment in New York City, by the Federal Gov- 
ernment, of twelve communist leaders for political advocacy of a domestically 
unpopular doctrine is a most shiKking exercise of .state power. The indictments 
in these cases allege no overt act whatever, except 'teaching and advocating" the 
principles of '". Tlie indictments allege no "dear and present 
danger' to . . . and ". . . We maintain, therefore, that since this statute . . .does 
not make the distinction between advocacy and incitement, it violates the First 
Amendment. * * *" 

The undersigned, therefore, urge that you join us in an appeal to the Attorney 
General to susp nd these political prosecutions. It is our view that the Attorney 
General should reserve his energies for cases where his activities may preserve, 
rather than destroy, the political liberty which comprises our most priceless 
political possession. Certainly, in view of its sweeping terms, a test case of the 
constitutionality of the Smith Act should be brought before it is used to outlaw 
a political party. 

Dr. Thomas Addis, Stanford University Medical School : Bishop Cameron 
C. Alleyne, A. M. E. Church, Philadelphia; Dr. Bernard Baum. State University 
of Iowa ; Dr. Robert O. Blood, Jr.. William Penn College ; Richard O. Boyer, 
author ; Dr. Lyman R. Bradley. New York University ; Prof. Theodore Brameld, 
New York I^niversity ; Hugh Bryson, president. National Union of Marine Cooks 
and Stewards. CIO. 

Also, Prof. Edwin Berry Burgum, New York University ; David Burliuk, 
Bradenton Beach, Fla. ; Rabbi Jonah E. Caplan, Congregation Beth-El, New 
York ; Morris Carnovsky, Hollywood, Calif. ; George Cermak. Chicago. 111. 

Serge Chermayeff, Director, Chicago Institute of Design ; Rev. Dr. J. Ray- 
mond Cope, First Unitarian Church, Berkeley, Calif. ; Howard Da Silva, Holly- 
wood, Calif. ; Prof. John. J. DeBoer, University of Illinois ; Anthony De No- 
vellis, Secretary-Treasurer, United Shoe Workers of America, District Council 13. 

Albert Deutsch, Columnist, Post-Home News ; Dr. W. E. B. DuBois, Director, 
Council on African Affairs. 


Guy Endore, Los Angeles, Calif. : Philip Evergood, author ; Prof. Henry Pratt 
Fairchild. New York University ; Howard F^ast, Author ; Abram Flaxer, Presi- 
dent, United Public Workers (CIO). 

Rev. Stephen H. Fritchman, First Unitarian Church, Los Angeles, Calif. : 
Leo Gallagher, Los Angeles, Calif. : Ben Gold, President, Fur and Leather 
Workers Union, CIO; Shirley Graham, author: Bishop Sherman L. Greene, 
A. M. E. Church, Birmirmham, Ala. ; Ewart Guinier, secretaiy-treasurer. United 
Public Workers, CIO ; Robert Gwathmey, artist. 

Dr. Alice Hamilton, medical scientist, Hadlyme, Conn. : Donald Henderson, 
president. Food. Tobacco, Agricultural & Allied Workers : Prof. William Ernest 
Hocking (Emeritus), Harvard University; Charles H. Houston, Washington, 
D. C. ; Ada B. Jackson, Brooklj'n, N. Y. ; Crockett Johnson^ cartoonist, South 
Norvvalk, Conn. ; Mervin Jules, professor. Smith College. 

Albert K. Kahn, author, Joseph F. Kehoe, secretary-treasurer, American Com- 
munications Association ; Rockwell Kent, Ausable Forks, N. Y. ; Alfred Kreym- 
borg. New York: Corliss Laiiiont, New York; Millard Lampell, author; Jacques 
Leredu, president. Jewelry Workers Union. Local 1, AFL; Kenneth I^slie. editor, 
The Protestant. 

Prof. Oliver S. Loud, Antioch College ; James McLeish, president, Dist. 4. 
United Electrical & Radio Workers, CIO ; Carey McWilliams, Los Angeles, 
Calif.: Prof. Curtis I). MacDougall. Northwestern University: Albert Maltz, 
writer, Hollywood, Calif. : Prof. F. O. Matthiessen, Harvard University. 

Prof. Philip Morrison, Cornell University: Willard Motley, author. Knock on 
Any Door ; Scott Nearing. New York. 

Hans Nelson, president. Paving Cutters Union ; Clifford Odets, playwright. 

Prof. Linus Pauling, California Institute of Technology ; Anton Refregier. 
artist, Woodstock, N. Y. ; Howard Bay, New York ; Anne Revere, Hollywood, 
Calif. ; Isidore Rosenberg. Manager, United Shoe Workers of America, Joint 
Council No. 13: Rose V. Russell, legislative representative. Teachers Union Local 
r>5,'^ ; Anthony Scimeca, coordinator. Local r)4. United Shoe Workers; Stefan 
Schnabel, Hollywood, Calif. : Vida D. Scudder, professor Emeritus, Wellesley 
College ; Joseph P. Seely, president, American Communications Associatoin, CIO ; 
Rev. G. F. Sextcm, Philadelphia, Penn. 

John Sloan, New York ; Agnes Smetlley,