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Full text of "Communist threat to the United States through the Caribbean. Hearings before the Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, Eighty-sixth Congress, first session .."

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MAY 26, 1960 

Printed for the use of the Committee on the Judiciary 

43354 WASHINGTON : 1960 


JAMES O. EASTLAND, Mississippi, Chairman 


THOMAS C. HENNINGS, Jr., Missouri ROMAN L. HRUSKA, Nebraska 



SAM J. ERVIN, Jb., North Carolma 
JOHN A. CARROLL, Colorado 
THOMAS J. DODD, Connecticut 
PHILIP A. HART, Michigan 

Subcommittee To Investigate the Administration op the Internal Security 
Act and Other Internal Security Laws 

JAMES O. EASTLAND, Mississippi, Chairman 
THOMAS J. DODD, Connecticut, Vice Chairman 

OLIN D. JOHNSTON, South Carolina ROMAN L. HRUSKA, Nebraska 


SAM J. ERVIN, Je., North Carolina KENNETH B. KEATING, New York 

NORRIS COTTON, New Hampshire 

J. G. SouRWiNE, Counsel 
Benjamin Mandel, Director of Research 



Resolved iy the Interiuil Security Subcommittee of the Senate 
Committee on the Judiciary^ That the testimony of Edward J. White- 
house given in executive session on May 26, 1960, with the consent of 
the witness, be printed and made public. 

James O. Eastland, Chairmxin. 
Thomas J. Dodd, Vice Chairman. 
Olix D. Johnstox. 
John L. McClellan. 
Sam J. Ervin, Jr. 
Roman L. Hruska. 
Everett McKinley Dirksen. 
Kenneth B. Keating. 
NoRRis Cotton. 
Adopted Jime 1, 1960. 



THURSDAY, MAY 26, 1960 
U.S. Senate, 


Administration of the Internal Security Act 

AND Other Internal Security Laws, 

OF the Committee on the Judiciary, 

Washington^ D.C. 
The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 11 :05 a.m., in room 
2300, New Senate Office Building, Senator Norris Cotton, presiding. 
Also present: J. G. Sourwine, chief counsel; Benjamin Mandel, di- 
rector of research ; and Frank "\V. Schroeder, chief investigator. 

Senator Cotton. Do you solemnly swear that the evidence you are 
about to give relative to the cause under inquiry by this committee 
shall be the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth, so help 
you God ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. I do, sir. 


Mr. Sour\\t:ne. Would you give the reporter your full name, please. 

Mr. Whitehouse. My full name is Edward J. Whitehouse. 

Mr, Sourwine. You are a native of Cuba ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. I was born in Cuba. 

Mr. Sourwine. March 14, 1914? 

Mr. Whitehouse. That is correct. 

Mr. Sourwine. You are of British- American descent ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. That is correct. 

Mr. SouRw^iNE. You are the ffreat-great-grandson of J. Henry 
Wliitehouse, the founder of Whitehouse & Co., of New York City ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes, sir. 

Mr. Sourwine. You attended the Gulf Coast Military Academy in 
Mississippi in 1930, 1931, and 1932 ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. That is correct. 

Mr. Sourwine. You lived in Miami Beach for several years, and 
graduated as a pilot of aircraft in 1936 ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. I did. 

Mr. Sourwine. You became a copilot in Cubana Airlines in Havana 

Mr. Whitehouse. Correct. 

Mr. Sourwine. You were promoted to captain in 1945 ? 
Mr. Whitehouse. Yes. 

Mr. Sourwine. You later became master pilot and operated on the 
Havana-New York and Havana-Madrid runs ? 



Mr. Whiteiiouse. That is correct. 

Mr. SouEwiNE. In 1952, you became Director of the Cuban Civil 
Aeronautics Administration ? 
Mr. Whiteiiouse. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. You were responsible for bringing a technical avia- 
tion mission from the U.S. CAA to Cuba? 

Mr. WiiiTEHOusE. I did. 

Mr. SoTJRWiNE. That was a three-man mission lieacled by Mr. Rich- 
ard D. Schall ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. That is correct. 

Mr. Sourwine. You set up training courses for traffic controllers 
and otlier technicians ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. In Oklahoma City ; yes, sir. 

Mr. Sourwine. You had a program for modernizing air navigation 
and traffic control in Cuba ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. It was necessary in those days. 

Mr. Sourwine, You put this into effect ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes, sir. 

Mr. Sourwine. How long did you remain in charge of Cuba's civil 
aeronautics ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Until I resigned on the 5th of February 1959. 

Mr. Sourwine. The 5th of February, 1959 or 1958 ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Well, right after Castro took over. He took 
over the 1st of January 1959. 

Mr. Sourwine. You sought and received a certificate of exonera- 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes; a copy of whicli I have in my files here. 

Mr. Sourwine. This certified that your acts were all correct, that 
your moneys were properly liandled, everything in your department 
was OK? 

Mr. Whiteiiouse. Exactly. 

Mr. Sourwine. You thereupon sought to return to civilian employ- 
ment in Cuba ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. That is wliat I tried to do. 

Mr. Sourwine. You found that difficult? 

Mr. Whitehouse. They denied me the former job back as a master 

Mr. Sourwine. Did they tell you wliy ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Well, they said for the reason that I was pro- 
American, and when I asked for an explanation they referred to my 
dealings with the American Embassy and the mission that I had 
working with me, my friendsliip with Ambassador Smith, and many 
of the air attaclies which were there those days. 

Mr. Sourwine. In other words, under the Castro regime vou found 
that to be friendly to Americans disqualified you to hold responsible 
employment ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. I found that out. 

Mr. Sourwine. And you were forced to flee Cuba as a refugee? 

Mr. Whitehouse. I was forced to leave the country. 

Mr. Sourwine. You left and came to the United States in April 
of 1959? 

Mr. Whitehouse. That is correct. 

Mr. Sourwine. You have been here since ? 


Mr. Whitehouse. I have been here since. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. You live in Miami ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. I live in Miami. 1 am a political refugee. 

Mr. Sourwixe. You addressed a letter to this committee under date 
of May 19 this year ? 

]\Ir.*WHiTEH0USE. I believe that is the date, yes. 

Mr. SouEwiNE. In vrhich you said you had information which you 
thought would be of importance to the security of this country, and 
asked for an opportunity to testify before this committee? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. Is this the letter ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. That is the letter. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Mr, Chairman, I suggest this letter might go in 
the record at this point. 

Senator Cotton. Certainly, it will be so received. 

Mr. Sourwixe. ^lay there also be included in the record at this 
point the letter of recommendation from Col. Howard W. Slaton, 
which was attached to the letter. 

Senator Cottox. That will be received. 

(The documents referred to follow :) 

Miami Beach, May 19, 1960. 
Senator James Eastland, 
Senate Internal Security Subcommittee, 
Washington, B.C. 

Dear Senator Eastland : I am one of the many Cubans who have chosen 
exile because do not approve of the Communist regime that actually destroys 

Father Aguirre, who recently appeared before the subcommittee that you so 
honorably preside, suggested that I should write to you and offer my help and 
cooperation by revealing the Communist activities in Cuba's civil aviation. As 
you know, this is one of the country's most important and vital sectors inte- 
grated by four national air carriers and a Civil Aeronautics Commission, similar 
to the Federal Aviation Agency and CAB of the United States. 

There are several well-known Communists holding key positions in each of 
the Cuban airlines and also in the National Air Federation, where they have 
absolute control. Last but not least, is the Civil Aeronautics Commission who 
also suffers the terrible effects of the Communist hold. The most important 
of the commission's many duties is the air traffic control. Such service is pro- 
vided at the international airports of Camaguey and Havana, both considerefl 
"air traffic highly congested areas." Over 30 operators handle the traffic in the 
area, but "Fidelistas" and Communist personnel have created terror and total 
disorganization in those centers responsible for the safety of the human lives 
in the air. This chaotic situation increased considerably the danger of col- 
lision among the innumerable aircrafts who fly over Cuban territory. Seventy 
percent of the mentioned aircrafts are of American nationality. 

My experience as Cubana Airlines master pilot for 17 years, plus 7 years as 
director of Cuba's civil aviation, have provided me with a good knowledge 
on the aeronautical field and familiarization with everyone connected with it. 

Considering a responsibility and a duty to my country, I am willing to expose 
the enemies of democracy and decent way of life who operate inside Cuba's 
civil aviation. Therefore, I respectfully request the honor of appearing before 
the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee and to have the opportimity to inform 
the honorable Senators about the gravity of this problem. 

Hoping to be useful in the splendid work that the Senate subcommittee is 
accomplishing and to cooperate to the freedom of Cuba, I remain. 
Yours very sincerely, 

(Signed) Capt. Eduardo J. Whitehouse, 
Foryner Director of Cuba's Civil Aeronautics. 

P.S. — Please find enclosed a brief biography and a photostatic copy of a letter 
of recommendation from Col. H. W. Slaton, former air attache in Cuba. 


U.S. Air. Force, 
509th Air Refueling Squadron, 
509th Bombardment Wing, Medium, 
Pease Air Force Base, N.H., May 5, 1960. 

Reply to attention of : Howard W. Slaton/509ARS. 
Subject : Letter of recommendation. 
To Whom It May Concern: 

While serving as the U.S. air attache to Cuba during the period from June 
19.54 to July 1957 I became acquainted with Mr. Eduardo J. Wliitehouse. In 
my contacts with Mr. Whitehouse, which were both official and social, I found 
him to be most cooperative. He was very much interested in improving Cuban- 
American relations and as Director of Cuba's Civil Aeronautics, worked closely 
with me and other U.S. Embassy personnel in modernizing Cuba's civil aviation 
policies and procedures. He was instrumental in obtaining a U.S. Federal 
Aviation Agency mission in order to help organize Cuba's air ti'affic control. 

Mr. Whitehouse is a very intelligent individual with a great amount of drive 
and enthusiasm. I wholeheartedly recommend that he be granted a resident visa 
in this country. I feel that he would be a definite asset to this country. 

Howard W. Slaton, 
Lieutenant Colonel, USAF, Co-mmander. 

Senator Cottox. You said they told you that you could not have 
your pilot license because of your being pro- American. By "they" 
would you care to say who whom you mean specifically ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Certainly ; I refer to people who took charge of 
Cubana Airlines under Castro. One of the men was the man named 

Senator Cotton. These officials of the Cubana Airlines, are they 
officials of the Government? Is the Cubana Airline a privately op- 
erated and owned airline or a Government airline? 

Mr. Whitehouse. It is a privately owned airline. 

Senator Cotton. This person to whom you have just referred, is he 
an official of the airline, or an official of the Government, or both? 

Mr. Whitehouse. He is an official of the Govermnent and airline. 
It is what you call an intervener. When you intervene an enter- 
prise, the Government puts a man there who represents the Govern- 
ment and takes over, practically. 

Senator Cotton. In other words, the Government is actually op- 
erating the airline? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Actually the Government is operating the air- 

Senator Cotton. How long has this been t rue ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. I think early January 1959, 

Senator Cotton. You mean before the Castro regime the airline 
was not supervised by the Government ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. No ; it was private. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. This is true, is it not, of most businesses in Cuba, 
that they have been what the Cubans call intervened — that means the 
Government has taken them over ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. They take them over the way the Government 
took over Cubana Airlines. 

Mr. SoumviNE. They are running and controlling them whether 
they have title or not ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Exactly. 

Mr. SouRw^iNE. It is a matter of assuming possession and control ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Exactly. 


Mr. SouRwiNE. The witness, Mr. Chairman, has several instances in 
which he has told us about individual companies. With the chair- 
man's permission, I will pass that at the moment and come back to it 

Your letter speaks of the fact that there are well-known Communists 
holdino; key positions in the Cubana Airlines and also in the National 
Air Federation, and you told us of the danger through Communists 
controlling air navigation facilities in this Caribbean area. Now, in 
your own words, go ahead and expand on that. 

Mr. Whitehouse. Well, I am going to refer to the iinmediate danger 
existing in the air traffic control in Havana, Cuba, and at the Camaguey 
International Airport. 

Air traffic control is performed by air traffic controllers, some of 
whom are believed to be Communists, because of their Communist 
tendencies, and some others because they belong to the Partido So- 
cialista Populaire — that is the Popular Socialist Party 

Mr. SouRWixE. This is the Commmiist Party in Cuba ? 

Mr. AVhitehouse. Communist. Like Luciano Albeo Rodriguez. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. He is the president of the Air Traffic Controllers? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. He was a one-time candidate for the Cuban Social- 
ist Party? 

Mr. Whitehouse. That is right ; and Cerardo Cepero. 

Mr. Sourwine. He is a member of the Popular Socialist Party ? 

Mr. Whii-ehouse. He is a member of the Socialist Party; yes. 

Mr. Sourwine. What is his position with regard to air traffic 
control ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. He is one of the controllers, and of course he 
works closely with this other fellow that I mentioned. 

Mr. Sourwine. AVliere does he work ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. At the air traffic control in Havana. 

Mr. SouRwixE. Havana International Aii-port ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes; and the immediate danger that I learned 
about through my contacts of Cuba, that they overheard, they learned 
that they are planning the creation of an accident. 

Mr. Sourwine. Who is "they" ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. These two fellows. 

Mr. Sourwine. Go ahead. 

Mr. WurrEHOusE. By making a military airplane of the many who 
fly from Guantanamo Bay to Florida — and of course they cross the 
control area of Cuba — collide with any passenger airplane, air car- 
rier, in order to create an accident and make it embarrassing for the 
United States. 

Mr. Sourwine. Before we go further, you made some reference to 
these matters in your letter, which has now been put in the record. 
That is the letter you identified. Do you now swear that the state- 
ments you made in this letter are true ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. In my letter ? 

Mr. Sourwine. Yes; in other words, the letter is also your testi- 
mony under oath ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Everything that is in the letter is true, sir. 

Mr. Sourwine. All right, go ahead. 

43354— 60— pt. 6 2 


Mr, Whitehouse. Technically, it is possible to create an accident 
between two aircraft in the air by simply giving them similar instruc- 
tions of flying, for instance, at the same altitude and weather with 
poor visibility or instrument flying, as we call it. 

Mr. SouRW^NE. Is it possible to do this and give it the appearance 
of a mere error in judgment? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Exactly, because they also plan, the day that 
takes place, if it takes place, to create a malfunction of the tape re- 
corder so there won't be any record of such instructions. And there- 
fore make believe that the American military airplane disobeyed the 
instructions of the air traffic control. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. They would make it api)ear that the accident was 
caused by incompetence or willful disregard of instructions on the 
part of an American pilot. 

Mr. Whitehouse. Negligence; yes, sir. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Go ahead. Did you learn anything as to when this 
accident was planned? Was it for the near future, or the first oppor- 
tunity ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Well, it is hard even to believe that this could 
be true ; but there is a possibility that we cannot afl'ord to overlook, 
and at least we can advise all American traffic to be extra careful. 
That will be one way to avoid any action like that. At the same 
time this came to me through a source which I cannot reveal, but as 
I said before, we cannot overlook not to go a little deeper into it. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. What was hoped to be accomplished by this 
accident ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Well, I believe that anything that could destroy 
the prestige of the United States would be an accomplishment for 

Mr. Sourwine. Did you have a question, Mr. Schroeder ? 

Mr. Schroeder. Would this be done for propaganda purposes, for 
more anti-U.S. propaganda? 

Mr. Whitehouse. I imagine, it is my point of view, that if some- 
thing like this should happen the way they want to make it happen, 
that it would be excellent material to create propaganda with. 

Senator Cotton. Were there any indications that such an inci- 
dent, if it was caused to take place, would be used as an excuse to 
demand the relinquishment by the United States of an airbase or 
military bases in Cuba? 

Mr. Whitehouse. That is a possibility. 

Senator Cotton. Well, you say it is a possibility in your opinion. 
Was it suggested to you from whatever source you get your infor- 
mation that that was one of the purposes? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes. Anything that would hurt the prestige 
of the United States — that is what they are after. 

Senator Cotton. Well, this may not be an important point. 

Mr. Whitehouse. Oh, yes ; I understand. 

Senator Cotton. Did the person or jiersons from whom — and I am 
not, of course, asking you a thing about their identity — did they 
indicate — what did they indicate to you as their understanding of 
the purpose behind such an incident, if it should be caused? 


Mr. WiiiTEHOuSE. Well, the first thing that they indicated was that 
they will make it look like criminal negligence on the part of the 
American aircraft. And, of course, if it so happened to have left the 
Guantanamo base, it will create a problem there also. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. With regard to the source of this information, the 
source is known to yon? 

Mr. Whitehouse. The source is known to me. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. And you consider the source reliable? 

]Mr. Whiteiiouse. It has been reliable man}^ times. 

Mr. Souewine. Do you have conelrad ^ in Cuba ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes. I remember when I took office in 1952, a 
year after I received pamphlets containing instructions and procedures 
for the civil population, for the civil radio stations, and what to do 
in case of alarm. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Was this tied in with the U.S. conelrad system ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. It is. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Does the Cuban Civilian Aeronautics Administra- 
tion have in its files cletails and information and procedures of the 
U.S. conelrad system ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes; they have the complete set that I did not 
have the opportunity to take with me. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. And what has happened to those documents, the 
instructions and details of our conelrad system, since you left, if you 
know ? 

a\Ir. Whitehouse. Well, to the best of my loiowledge they are still 
there. They have it, those who are in my former position there. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Do you mean that these documents and this infor- 
mation have passed into the possession of Communist personnel? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Exactly ; yes. It is very possible, 

Mr. SouRwiXE. Do you know Osvaldo Dorticos ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. I clon't know him personally, but by reference. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. He is the President of the Republic of Cuba ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. Is he a Communist ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Well, he was a Communist politician in Cien- 
fuegos and he was Juan Marinello's private secretary. Juan Mari- 
nello is considered one of the top figures of communism in Latin 

]Mr. SouRwixE. Wliat is Marinello's position ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Marinello's position in Cuba now — he is in Ha- 
vana now, and he has appeared in several TV programs, and is again 
writing articles in different magazines. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Does he have a job in the GoveiTiment ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Not that I know of. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Does Raul Castro have influence in civil aviation in 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes; he has been seen quite often in the com- 
mission and also in Cubana Airlines, and he is very close to the areo- 
nautical field there. 

Mr. SouRwixE. Is Raul Castro a Communist ? 

1 A nationwide U.S. radio warning and information system to be utilized in case of 
attack or threat of attack. 


Mr. Whitehouse. I have not seen his card, but everything points 
out that he is. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Is lie frenerally regarded in Cuba as a Communist ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. To all Cubans he is a Communist. 

Mr. Sourwine. That is, the Cubans consider him a Communist ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes, sir. 

Mr. Sourwine. Do you know Victor Pina ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Victor Pina used to work under my orders in 
the commission. 

Mr, Sourwine. What was his position ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. His position was he took care of the ICA man- 
uals — that is International Civil Aviation. 

Mr. Sourwine. Is he a member of the Communist Party ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. He has always been suspected of being one, but 
he did his job ; and he was a very quiet kind of a person, and not being 
a politician myself I never carried any antagonism for him. 

Mr. Sourwine. Is he a member of the Commision Aeronautica? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Well, now he is a commissioner, and he is an 
army captain, and, according to what people say, he is one of the 
top Communist figures. 

Mr. Sourwine. From whom does he take his orders, if you know ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. He takes his orders directly from Raul Castro — 
and I think from Raul Castro directly. 

Mr. Sourwine. Does he have any dealings with Ernesto Guevara — 
"Che" Guevara? 

Mr. Whitehouse. I heard he also takes orders from Ernesto "Che" 

Mr. Sourwine. Do you known an engineer named Monzon ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. I do not know him. This man I have not even 
seen, but according to information passed to me he is one of Pina's 
men, who supervise the commission. He is an engineer. 

Mr. Sourwine. He is a Communist? 

Mr. Whitehouse. He is believed to be one. 

Mr. Sourwine. Do you Imow Claudio Medina? 

Mr. Whitehouse. I know him slightly. 

Mr. Sourwine. Is he connected with the Commision Aeronautica? 

Mr. Whitehouse. He is one of the members of the commission. 

Mr. Sourwine. Is he a Communist ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. To the best of my knowledge, and I did some 
checking on him with Orlando Pedra, who used to be head of the 
chief of police in Cuba, and in his files he is described as a Com- 
munist, and he used to repi*esent — he was in the bus syndicate in the 
city of Havana. 

Mr. Sourwine. Was he a Communist delegate in the city bus 
administration ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. That is exactly what he was. 

Mr. Sourwine. Now, you mentioned Luciano Rodriguez and 
Cerardo Cepero. 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes; those are the ones I mentioned before. 

Mr. Sourwine. They are the two involved in the plot to cause an 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes; and those are the tAvo who are creating a 
state of terror in the air traffic control — among the air traffic con- 
trollers, most of whom are very, very good boys. 


Mr. SouRWiNE. How did these two gain their power ? Is it through 
the union or because of their position with the Government, or just 

Mr. Whitehouse. Because of their position with the Government, 
because they are among the few that never wanted to go to the Okla- 
homa training center of the CAA for their schohirships. That meant 
9 months training. Nearly every traffic controller was very pleased 
to receive such training and to obtain such a certiticate. Now these 
two never wanted to go. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. You say it is because of their position with the 
Government. Do they have official positions with the Government, or 
is it merely a matter of Government backing for what they do 'i 

Mr. Whitehouse. I think they have backing. I do not know if 
they have a position with the Government. But I know they have 
backing, because they have absolute control — it is a minority who 
controls a majority. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Do you know Francisco Albear ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes, Francisco Albear used to be the supervisor 
of the air traffic control. 

Mr. Sourwine. "Wliat is his present position ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. I think his present position is the same as it used 
to be. 

Mr. Sourwine. Is he a Communist ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. I could not say that he is. He is strongly linked 
with these other people. But I could not say that he is a Conmiunist. 
Maybe he is a sympathizer. 

Mr. Sourwine. You gave us his name, along with several others — 
Lanza, Castillo, C. Martinez, as having recently joined the Communist 
Party. Is this on the basis of reports that have come to you ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes, reports that come to me. But you see, I say 
also here, not confirmed. 

Mr. Sourwine. Not confirmed ? 

Mr. AVhitehouse. Not confirmed. 

Mv. Sourwine. You have these reports from sources believed to you 
to be reliable? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes. 

Mr. SouRAViNE. Do you know Alberto Guerra ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes, sir. Alberto Guerra — this is a little amaz- 
ing. He is a man with a familv of about four or five kids, all ages, 
arid a wife and a sister, and he was practically hungry when he was 
recommended to me as a watcliman. For that purpose, I gave him 
quarters, two rooms, right next to the building where I kept the 
electronic equipment. He did his job. 

Mr. Sourwine. The electronic equipment for what ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. For air traffic communications. 

Mr. Sourwine. Go ahead. You said he did his job. 

Mr. Whitehouse. He did his job. 

Senator Cotton. You mean as a watchman? 

Mr. Whitehouse. As a watchman, yes. But right after January 1, 
1959, he was — let's say — he was mentioned to me as being a top man in 
the Communist Party in Cuba. 

Mr. Sourwine. This infomiation came to you from the source you 
believe to be reliable? 


Mr. Whitehouse. Very reliable. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. Very reliable? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Do you know Mario Torres Menier ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. He used to be a very good friend of mine. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. What is his position ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. His position — he is one of the commissioners. 

Mr. Sourwine. Of the Commision Aeronautica ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes. And I am sorry to say that, under pres- 
sure, because I cannot think of any other reason — he is an old man — 
under pressure of these people, lie is doing whatever they tell him to 

Mr. SouRWiNE. You mean he is under the influence of Victor Pina ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. I think he is under the influence of Victor Pina, 
and I think maybe he and his family have been threatened. 

Mr. SouRWiNB. Does he have any association with Gen, Alberto 

Mr. Whitehouse. He is a very good friend of Alberto Bayo. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. Alberto Bayo is a well-known Communist, is he 

Mr. Whitehouse. To the best of my knowledge, yes. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. A basic instructor on guerrilla tactics and so forth. 

Mr. Whitehouse. Exactly. He fought in the Spanish war. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. It has been reported that Alberto Bayo is the real 
author of the guerrilla handbook which is now being distributed in 
hundreds of thousands in Cuba under the name of "Che" Guevara. 
Do you know whether this is so ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. I strongly believe that it is so. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Do you know Alvarez Tabio ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. I know him, yes. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Who is he? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Alvarez Tabio is an airline pilot from an airline 
called Espresso Aerea of Cuba. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Is he a Communist ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. He is suspected to be a Communist, and his 
father, I believe, was a very high-ranking figure in the Communist 
Socialist Party. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Is Tabio a commissioner? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Pie is one of 1 he commissioners. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. How many commissioners are there on the conmiis- 
sion ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Four commissioners. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. Who ai-e the commissioners at the present time ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. At the present time — well, Alvarez Tabio, Torres 
Menier, Mario Haedo. No, there are only three commissioners. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. Three commissioners? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes. They have increased 

Mr. SouRWiNE. Menier and Tabio. 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes, they have increased the number of commis- 
sioners with Pina. I know Pina is one of them. I don't recall any- 
body else. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Did you give us a list of airline pilots who had been 
reported to you to be Communists ? 


Mr. Whitehouse. Yes, sir. 

Mr. SouKwiNE. Captain Armada ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Captain Armada is the actual delegate in Q 

Mr. Sourwine. Delegate of whom? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Delegate is like when you intervene a company. 
There is a name for it. 

Mr. Sourwine. He is a Government official ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Govermnent official. 

Mr. Sourwine. What the Kussians would call a commissar ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes. 

Mr. Sourwine. Do you know Armada's first name? 

Mr. Whitehouse. I do not. 

Mr. Sourwine. Capt. Mario Cabrera ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. I don't know him personally either, but he is very 
attached to this Armada. 

Mr. Sourwine. He is reported to you as a Communist ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. He is suspected to be one. 

Mr. Sourwine. Capt. Eoberto Cendoya ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes, I have very different reports in regard to 
Cendoya, that he is, from different sources. 

Mr. Sourwine. You mean the same report from different sources ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes. 

Mr. Sourwine. Sources believed by you to be reliable ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes. Also Chavez, whom I don't know. 

Mr. Sourwine. Captain Chavez ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes. 

Mr. Sourwine. A pilot? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes. 

Mr. Sourwine. Do you know his first name? 

Mr. Whitehouse. I do not. 

Mr. Sourwine. Do you know Capt. Rafael Trujillo ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. I know him personally. Again, I have different 
sources of information regardmg the suspicion of he being a Com- 

Mr. Sourwine. That is, sources which confirm each other ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes. 

Mr. Sourwine. Do you know if he is any relation to the head of 
the Dominican Republic ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. No ; none whatsoever. We used to kid him for 
that. He has the same name. 

Mr. Sourwine. Mario Llaneras. 

Mr. Whitehouse. I know him. 

Mr. Sourwine. Has he been reported to you as a Communist? 

Mr. Whitehouse. He has been reported to me as one. 

Mr. Sourwine. You have no personal information as to whether 
this is true ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. No. 

Mr. Sourwine. Is that true with regard to all these, that you have 
no personal information, reports that come to you from sources you 
believe are reliable ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. That I believe true; yes. 

Mr. Sourwine. Roberto Verdaguer ? 


Mr. Whitehouse. Yes ; these two are brothers exiled in Miami. 

Mr. SouKwiNE. Roberto and Guillermo? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes; both. They were in Miami exiled when 
Batista was in office. Now they are army captains. They are captains 
for the military air forces. They are also reported to be suspected of 

Mr. Sourwine. Do you know a pilot named Semidey ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. I don't know his first name, but he is also linked 
with this other group. 

Mr. Sourwine. Does that conclude the list of the airline pilots who 
have been reported to you as Communists? 

Mr. Whitehouse. No; because I have to mention the pilots of 
Cubana Airlines. 

Mr. Sourwine. In other words, the pilots you have mentioned so far 
are pilots for Aerovias Q ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes, sir. 

Mr. Sourwine. Now, the Cubana Airlines pilots reported to you as 
Communists. Is one of them Cesar Alarcon ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes. 

Mr. Sourwine. Is he a pilot or copilot? 

Mr. Whitehouse. He is a copilot. And he is very close to Raul Cas- 
tro, and Victor Pina. As a matter of fact, he took the trip with Victor 
Pina to — they say they went to Yugoslavia to buy the — arrange for the 
purchase of the MIG's of the Cuban Air Force. 

Mr. Sourwine. This is a new subject. Let's pursue it. We will 
come back in a moment. You tell us Cuba has arranged for the pur- 
chase of MIG's, fast aircraft ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes ; it is a pursuit airplane. 

Mr. Sourwine. Is that a jet aircraft ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Jet. 

Mr. Sourwine. Made in Czechoslovakia ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. I don't know where they are made. 

Mr. Sourwine. Or made in Russia ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. I think they are made in Russia. 

Mr. Sourwine. But the purchase was arranged through Czecho- 
slovakia ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yugoslavia. 

Mr. Sourwine. And Victor Pina and Cesar Alarcon went to Yugo- 
slavia to arrange this purchase ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes; and then stayed abroad for more than a 

Mr. Sourwine. How many of these aircraft were bought; do you 
know ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. I was given an amount of 16. 

Mr. Sourwine. Have any of them been delivered ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. But I have no way of confirming it. 

Mr. Sourwine. Have any of them been delivered ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Recently friends of mine who have come from 
Cuba told me they have seen the crates, boxes containing the airplanes, 
at the San Antonio base. 

Mr. Sourwine. Do you know if any of them have been assembled ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. No. 

Mr. Sourwine. Have any of them been seen flying ? 


Mr. Whitehouse. No ; because this information — I received this in- 
formation a month ago, so between then and now, I do not know what 
has happened. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. Are there any pilots in Cuba who can pilot MIG's? 

Mr. Whitehouse. I do not think there are Cuban pilots that can 
pilot MIG's. But Chinese pilots have been seen in Cuba, in San 
Antonio base. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. Are there in Cuba mechanics who could assemble 

Mr. Whitehouse. Also technicians, foreign technicians. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. Foreign ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes. 

ISIr. SouRwiNE. Chinese? 

Mr, Whitehouse. About the technicians, they did not say if they 
were Chinese or Russian. 

Mr. SouRw^ixE. Chinese or Russian technicians. Now, 16 does not 
seem to us in this country like a large number of planes. Is this an 
important number in view of the size and composition of the Cuban 
Air Force ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Well, the Cuban Air Force right now, they do 
not have but two or three C-Furies. Tliat is a fast aircraft for pur- 
suit purposes. 

Mr. Sourwine. Is the MIG a much better airplane than anything 
in the Caribbean at the present time ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. I think so. They cannot compare to the Amer- 
ican jet pursuit planes, but they are supposed to be veiy good. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. The MIG is an aircraft, which was used in the war 
in the Pacifiic? 

Mr. Whitehouse. No ; it was used in the war of Korea. 

INIr. SouRwixE. It was used in the Korean war. It is a relatively 
modern aircraft ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes ; it has been modernized. 

Mr. SoFRwiNE. A pursuit and attack aircraft? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes. 

Mr. Sourwine. Do you know J. Triana ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes ; I know him very well. 

Mr. SouRwixE. What is his position ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. His position now — he is copilot in Cubana Air- 
lines, and now he heads — he is the president of the Air Pilots Asso- 

^Ir. SouRwixE. Of Cuba ? 

INIr. WiiiTEHorsE. In Cuba. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. And has he been reported to you as a Communist ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. He is reported to me as being a Communist. 
And of course he has a big influence in the aeronautical field, due to 
his relations with Raul Castro and Victor Pina. 

Mr. SouRwixE. T\niat are his relations with Raul Castro? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Very close relations. 

Mr. SoFRwixE. How about F. Tuya? 

INIr. Whitehouse. He fits in the same place as Triana. 

Mr. SouRwiXE. T\'Tiat do you mean by that ? 


Mr. WiiiTEHOusE. That he is also suspected as being a member of 
the Communist Party. He is also very linked with Victor Pina and 
Eaiil Castro. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. Is he also active in tlie Cuban Pilots' Association? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes ; I think he is a secretary or vice president, 
I believe. I am not sure. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Do you know Antonio Sanson ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes. 

Mr. Sourwixe. What is his position? 

Mr. Whitehouse. His position, it is copilot in Ciibana Airlines, 
and captain in the Cuban military air forces. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Do you know a copilot named Nobregas? 

Mr. Whitehouse. I do. 

Mr, SouRwiNE. Do you know his first name? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Leslie. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. How do you spell it? 

Mr. Whitehouse. L-e-s-1-i-e. 

Mr. Soi^RwiNE. What is his position ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. His position is copilot of Cubana Airlines, and 
actual vice president of the same company. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Does he in any sense represent the Government in 
that com]iany ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes, he was one of the commissars. 

Mr. Sourwine. Delegates, you call them? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Delegates, yes, 

Mr. Sourwine. When it was intervened? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes. 

Mr. Sourwine. Is he a Communist? 

Mr. Whitehouse. I could not — I am not sure if he is or not, but I 
have been informed that he has joined. 

Mr. Sourwine. By a source Avhich you believe reliable ? 

Ml". Whitehouse. The same source as the others. 

Mr. Sourwine. Do you know Tito Hermida? 

Mr. Whitehouse. I do. 

Mr. Sourwine. What is his position ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. He is president of the Cubana Airlines. 

Mr. Souravine. President ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. President. 

Mr. Sourwine. Is he also a pilot? 

Mv. AVhitehouse. No, he is not a pilot, 

Mr. Soitrwine. Has he been reported to you as a Communist ? 

Mv. Whitehouse. He has. 

IMr. Sourwine. Do you know Alonso Hidalgo? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Alonso Hidalgo used to be a representative of the 
Government and all the airline companies, and used to be vice consul 
of Cuba in Miami. 

Mr. Sourwine. Is he a Communist? 

Mr. Whitehouse. It has been reported that he is a top figure in 
the Communist Party of Cuba. 

Mr. Sourwine. Do you know Gustavo Mas? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Gustavo ]\Ias, yes, I know him. 

Mr. Sourwine. What is his position? 


Mr. "Whitehouse. Gustavo Mas is the secretary general of the Na- 
tional Air Federation of Cuba. He composed the syndicate. 

Mr. SouRAViXE. What do you mean by the syndicate^^ 

Mr. Whitehouse. Well, everybody who works in Cuba's aeronautics 
has to be a member of the syndicate. 

Mr. SouRwixE. This is difierent from the pilots' association ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Oh yes, it is different. 

Mr. SoFRwixE. Well, what is the syndicate — a voluntary organ- 
ization, or a government organization ^ 

Mr. Whitehouse. It is an organization to which you have to belong 
in order to be able to work. He is under the ('TC of Cuba. 

Mr. SouRwiXE. When A^'ictor Pina and Cesar Alarcon went to 
Yugoslavia, do you know if they proceeded from there to Moscow? 

Mr. Whitehouse. I was informed by very reliable sources that they 
went to Moscow for quite some time. 

Mr. Sourwix'e. Do you know Jose Menendez ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Jose Menendez — no, I don't know him. 

IVIr. Sourwixe. Do you know who he is ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. I believe he works at the post office in Key West. 
And I had reports that he meets every flight, every Q Airlines flight, 
in which any of these aforementioned pilots come, and they sort of 
get together and make exchanges — maybe exchange letters or informa- 
tion. I could not swear to it, because I just — it is information that I 
have received. But I thought it was a good thing to mention. 

Mr. Sourwixe. Xow you mentioned CTC. Is that the Cuban Fed- 
eration of Labor ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. That's right. 

Mr. SouRA\T[XE. That is Communist controlled? 

Mr. AVhitehouse. It is Communist controlled. 

Mr. Sourwixe. Now, is the CTC the Federation — I mean is CTC 
the syndicate, or is the syndicate a part of the CTC, or are they two 
different things ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. The syndicate is part of the CTC. 

Mr. Sourwixe. Mr. Whitehouse, have you now told us all that you 
know about Communists or persons reported to you to be Communists 
in civil aeronautics in Cuba ? 

Mr, Whitehouse. I believe I covered everyone I know. 

Mr. Sourwixe. Now, do you have any personal knowledge respect- 
ing the procedure which is followed when a business firm is intervened 
or taken over by the Government in Cuba? 

]SIr. Whitehouse. Yes, I do. 

Mr. Sourwixe. Tell us about that. 

Mr. Whiitehouse. Well, they are taken — they are all taken in a 
similar way. They simply go there and ask for the keys, bank account, 
combination to the safe, and tell the owner to leave, with no explana- 
tion whatsoever. 

Mr. Sourwixe. Do you know of one particular instance in which 
this was done ? 

Air. Whitehouse. Certainly — although the former owners of this 
business which was intervened recently are still in Cuba, and their 
lives — their safety could be jeopardized if this was known in Cuba. 


Mr. SouRWiNE. I am simply trying to make the point that in the 
instance you are now going to tell us about, you are speaking from 
personal knowledge. 

Mr. Whitehouse. From personal knowledge. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. I will not ask you to name the firm, but tliis was a 
substantial manufacturing concern ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes. 

Mr. SouR^VINE. Now what happened in this instance? Was there 
any advance warning that it was to be intervened or taken over? 

Mr. Wiii'jT.HOusE. No. Everything was normal. They simply went 
there one morning and asked the owner to turn over everything, and 
when he asked for a receipt, they w^ould not give it to him. They 
told him to leave, that the Government was taking over. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Did they ask him for his keys ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. They asked him for his keys, and he was forced 
to reveal the combination of the safe. And he is not allowed to go 
into his office any more. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. The Government did not take title— they did not 
ask liim to sign anything ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Nothing. 

Mr. Sour WINE. They just forcibly put him out ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Exactly, 

Mr. SouRWiNE. Who is running that establishment now — some 
subordinate of the original owner, or has the GoveiTunent put a man 
in to iim it ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes, it w^as in the papers, and it is run by a ser- 
geant of the revolutionary army whose name I do not recall. 

Mr. Sourwine. Did he have any training in this particular busi- 
ness ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. It does not seem that way, that a simple sergeant 
could be capable of nmning a business that takes the knowledge of a 
lifetime to do. 

Mr. Sourwine. You have expressed to us in conference an opinion 
as to the objective or one of the objectives in this process of interven- 
ing. Do you care to express that opinion here, why it is being done, 
w^hat the objective is ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Well, it is simply by going back to a little his- 
tory. Communism does not grow in countries where they have wel- 
fare and they have no poverty. So the first thing that they try to do 
is to create that kind of poverty and desperation between the people 
who work. They do that by purposely wrecking all the business. 

Mr. Sourwine. Are you saying that the present Government of 
Cuba, that is the Castro government, is deliberately trying to wreck 
the economy of Cuba ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. I am convinced of it. And a good example of 
it — and I am talking about something that I really know, it is right 
in my line — it is the Cuban airlines. Eight now, the way they man- 
age that enterprise, they are losing about five times as much as they 
used to lose before, due to bad management. By bad management I 
mean that they do not even obtain the necessary parts for the air- 
planes. For instance, they take two of the big Britannias, which are 
worth $4 million and $5 million each, and they use them for spare 



parts. This is Imown as aeronautical cannibalism. They take parts 
from an airplane in order to keep one in the air. Well, this is terrible, 
when an airline does something like that. It shows what kind of 
management they have. 

Mr. SouRwiNE. Have you heard Fidel Castro define democracy? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes, I was amazed to hear in his speech of May 
1 his definition of true democracy was that a comitry like Cuba who 
could afford to give every citizen, including children and old people 
and women, a rifle to defend themselves against foreign aggression. I 
guess he meant the United States. And he dared this country to try 
and do the same, by placing a rifle in the hands of every southern 
Negro in this countiy. 

Mr. SouRWiNE. Mr. Chairman, I have no other questions to ask at 
this time. I think if we should eventually go to a public session, there 
might be other questions to be asked. For the purpose of this ex- 
ecutive session, I believe we have covered the ground. 

Senator Cotton. Thank you. I wish to ask one question. In your 
capacity, you were acquainted, and until quite recently acquainted, 
with most of the pilots and copilots of the Cuban airlines? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes. I am. 

Senator Cotton. And you know what sort of people they are ? 

Mr. AVhitehouse. Of course. 

Senator Cotton. In your opinion, what percentage of them would 
you— I realize this is just a guess — but what percentage of them would 
you estimate are today actually in sympathy with the Conmiunists ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. I would say, a veiy close figure would be about 
15 or 20 percent of them. 

Senator Cotton. 15 or 20 percent ? 

]\Ir. Whitehouse. Yes. And I may add that none of these Com- 
munist sympathizers are those who are capable pilots, but those who 
never really amounted to veiy much. 

Senator Cotton. Thev are in a sense the lunatic fringe ? 

Mr. Whitehouse. Yes. Those pilots who never did study, never 
bettered themselves. 

Senator Cotton. Thank you. We will recess the hearing subject 

to call of the Chair. 

( Wliereupon, at 12 :05 p.m., the hearing was recessed, subject to call 
of the Chair.) 


Note. — The Senate Internal Security Subcommittee attaches no significance 
to the mere fact of the appearance of the name of an individual or an organi- 
zation in this index. 

■^ Page 

Aeronautical cannibalism . 323 

Aerovias Q 317, 318, 321 

Aguirre, Father 309 

Air Pilots Association, Cuba 319 

Air Traffic Controllers 311 

Alarcon, Cesar 318, 321 

Albear, Francisco 315 

American Embassy 308 

Armada, Captain 317 

Bayo, Gen. Alberto 316 

Britannias 322 

CAA 315 

Cabrera, Capt. Mario 317 

Camaguey International Airport 311 

Castillo 315 

Castro, Fidel 308, 310, 323 

Mav 1 speech 323 

Castro, Raul 313, 314, 318-320 

C-Furies 319 

Cendova, Capt. Roberto 317 

Cepero, Cerardo 311, 314 

Chavez, Captain 317 

Chinese pilots 319 

Cienfuegos 313 

Commision Aeronautica 314, 316 

Communist Party of Cuba 311, 315, 320 

Communist Socialist Party 316 

conelrad (U.S. system) 313 

Cotton, Senator Norris 307 

Cuban Air Force 318, 319 

Cuban Civil Aeronautics Administration 308, 313 

Cuban Socialist Party 311 

Cubana Airlines 307, 310, 313, 318-323 

CTC— Cuban Federation of Labor 321 

Cuban Pilots Association 320 

Czechoslovakia 318 


Dorticos, Osvaldo (President, Republic of Cuba) 313 

Espresso Aerea of Cuba 316 


Foreign technicians 319 



Guerra, Alberto 315 

Guevara, P^rnesto "Che" 314, 316 

Guantanamo base 313 

Guantanamo Bay 311 

Gulf Coast Military Academy 307 


Haedo, Mario 316 

Havana International Airport 311 

Hermida, Tito 310, 320 

Hidalgo, Alonso 320 


International Civil Aviation 314 

Key West 321 

Korea , 31!J 


Lanza 315 

Letter to Senator Eastland from Capt. Eduardo J. Whiteliouse 309 

Letter of recommendation from Howard W. Slaton, lieutenant colonel, 

USAF, commander 31C 

Llaneras, Mario 317 


Mandel, Benjamin 307 

Marinello, Juan 31S 

Martinez, C 31." 

Mas, Gustavo 320, 321 

Medina, Claudio 314 

Menendez, Jose 321 

Menier, Mario Torres 316 

Miami 309, 318, 320 

MIG's 318,319 

Mississippi 307 

Monzon 314 

Moscow 321 

National Air Federation of Cuba 309, 311, 321 

Nobregas, Leslie 320 

Oklahoma 308,315 


Partido Socialista Populaire (Popular Socialist Party) 311 

Pedro, Orlando 314 

Pina, Victor 314, 316, 318-321 

Post office. Key West 321 

President of Republic of Cuba 313 


Q Airlines. ( See Aerovias Q. ) 


Rodriguez, Luciano Albeo 311, 314 

Russia 318 


San Antonio base 318, 319 

Sanson, Antonio 320 

Schall, Richard P— — ^_^___.. 308 



Schroeder, Frank W 307,312 

Semidey 318 

Slaton, Col. Howard W 309 

Smith, Ambassador 308 

Sourwine, J. G 307 


Tabio, Alvarez 316 

Triana, J 319 

Trujillo, Capt. Rafael 317 

Tuya, F 319 


Verdaguer, Guillermo 318 

Verdaguer, Roberto 317, 318 


Wliitehouse, Edward J. (testimony of) 307-323 

Born in Cuba, March 14, 1914 307 

Attended Gulf Coast Military Academy in Mississippi, 1930-32 307 

Copilot in Cubana Airlines in Havana, 1942 307 

Director, Cuban Civil Aeronautics Administi-ation, 1952 308 

Resigned from Cuba's civil aeronautics 308 

Forced to flee Cuba as refugee 308 

Whitehouse & Co. (New York City) 307 

Whitehouse, J. Henry 307 

Yugoslavia 318,321