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COLLEGE 
LIBRARY 




^ 7^ 

us Doc 2.791 



Conraiittee on Un-American Activities 
House 
87th Congress 

Table of Contents 
1. Testimony By and Concerning Paul Corbin ^12:*/ 



2. The Communist Party's Cold War Against 
Congressional Investigation of Subversion 



^>3>< 



5. Communist and Trot sky ist Activity Within ^,.»^ 
the Greater Los Angeles Chapter of the 

Fair Play for Cuba Committee 

4-5 • Communist Outlets for the Distribution of $i>f 
Soviet Propaganda in the United States. 
pt.1-2 

6. Communist Youth Activities ^»<^b 

7-8. U.S. Coram\mist Party Assistance to Foreign --jj^.^ 
Commiinist Governments, pt.1-2 < ik^f ^ 

9. Communist Activities in the Peace Movement %^"t^ 



COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 

(Eighth World Youth Festival, Helsinki, Finland, 1962) 



HEARINGS 

BEFORE THE 

COMMITTEE ON UN-AMERICAN ACTIYITIES 
HOUSE OE REPRESENTATIVES 

EIGHTY-SEVENTH CONGRESS 

SECOND SESSION 



APRIL 25 AND 27 AND OCTOBER 4, 1962 



Printed for the use of tlie Cominittee on Un-Amex'ican Activities 
(INCLUDING INDEX) 

For Release December 21, 1962 




MAillfAV r-^LLtSi LI9RAS 
KNIT- 8TATR, «*VfJr)ifVt/^' 



U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 
91256 WASHINGTON : 1962 



COMMITTEE ON UN-AMERICAN ACTIVITIES 

United States House of Representatives 

FRANCIS E. WALTER, Pennsylvania, Chairman 
MORGAN M. MOULDER, Missouri GORDON H. SCHBRER, Ohio 

CLYDE DOYLE, California AUGUST E. JOHANSEN, Michigan 

EDWIN E. WILLIS, Louisiana DONALD C. BRUCE, Indiana 

WILLIAM M. TUCK, Virginia HENRY C. SCHADEBERG, Wisconsin 

Francis J. McNamara, Director 
Frank S. Tavenner, Jr., General Counsel 
Alfred M. Nittlb, Counsel 



CONTENTS 



Page 

Introduction 1781 

Synopsis 1785 

April 25 and 27, 1962, Los Angeles, Calif. 
Testimony of — 

Marco Schneck 1791 

October 4, 1962, Washington, D.C. 
Testimony of — 

Donald Quinlan 1806 

Ann E. Eccles 1821 

AFTERNOON SESSION 

Donald Quinlan and Ann Eccles 1828 

Index i 

in 



Public Law 601, 79th Congress 

The legislation mider which the House Committee on Un-American 
Activities operates is Public Law 601, 79th Congress [1946] ; 60 Stat. 
812, which provides : 

Be it enacted hy the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States 
of America in Congress assembled, * * * 

PART 2— RULES OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 

Rule X 

SEC. 121. STANDING COMMITTEES 
******* 

17. Committee on Un-American Activities, to consist of nine Members. 

Rule XI 

POWERS AND DUTIES OF COMMITTEES 
******" 

(q) (1) Committee on Un-American Activities. 

(A) Un-American activities. 

(2) The Committee on Un-American Activities, as a whole or by subcommit- 
tee, is autliorized to malve from time to time investigations of (i) the extent, 
character, and objects of un-American propaganda activities in the United States, 
(ii) the diffusion within the United States of subversive and un-American propa- 
ganda that is instigated from foreign countries or of a domestic origin and attaclis 
the principle of the form of government as guaranteed by our Constitution, and 
(iii) all other questions in relation thereto that would aid Congress in any neces- 
sary remedial legislation. 

The Committee on Un-American Activities shall report to the House (or to the 
Clerk of the House if the House is not in session) the results of any such investi- 
gation, together with such recommendations as it deems advisable. 

For the purpose of any such investigation, the Committee on Un-American 
Activities, or any subcommittee thereof, is authorized to sit and act at such 
times and places within the United States, whether or not the House is sitting, 
has recessed, or has adjourned, to hold such hearings, to require the attendance 
of such witnesses and the production of such books, papers, and documents, and 
to take such testimony, as it deems necessary. Subpenas may be issued under 
the signature of the chairman of the committee or any subcommittee, or by any 
member designated by any such chairman, and may be served by any person 
designated by any such chairman or member. 

******* 

Rule XII 

LEGISLATIVE OVERSIGHT BY STANDING COMMITTEES 

Sec. 136. To assist the Congress in appraising the administration of the laws 
and in developing such amendments or related legislation as it may deem neces- 
sary, each standing committee of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
shall exercise continuous watchfulness of the execution by the administrative 
agencies concerned of any laws, the subject matter of which is within the jurisdic- 
tion of such committee ; and, for that purpose, shall study all pertinent reports 
and data submitted to the Congress by the agencies in the executive branch of 
the Government. 

V 



RULES ADOPTED BY THE 87TH CONGRESS 
House Resolution 8, January 3, 1961 

Rule X 

STAKDING COMMITTEES 

1. There shall be elected by the House, at the commencement of each Congress, 
******* 

(r) Committee on Un-American Activities, to consist of nine Members. 
***** • 

Rule XI 

PC WEES AXD DUTIES OF COMMITTEES 
******* 

18. Committee on Un-American Activities. 

(a) Un-American activities. 

(b) The Committee on Un-American Activities, as a whole or by subcom- 
mittee, is authorized to make from time to time investigations of ( 1 ) the extent, 
character, and objects of un-American propaganda activities in the United 
States, (2) the diffusion within the United States of subversive and un-American 
propaganda that is instigated from foreign countries or of a domestic origin and 
attacks the principle of the form of government as guaranteed by our Constitu- 
tion, and (3) all other qustions in relation thereto that would aid Congress in 
any necessary remedial legislation. 

The Committee on Un-American Activities shall report to the House (or to the 
Clerk of the House if the House is not in session) the results of any such investi- 
gation, together with such recommendations as it deems advisable. 

For the purpose of any such investigation, the Committee on Un-American 
Activities, or any subcommittee thereof, is authorized to sit and act at such times 
and places within the United States, whether or not the House is sitting, has 
recessed, or has adjourned, to hold such hearings, to require the attendance of 
such witnesses and the production of such books, papers, and documents, and 
to take such testimony, as it deems necessary. Subpenas may be issued under 
the signature of the chairman of the committee or any subcommittee, or by any 
member designated by any such chairman, and may be served by any person 
designated by any such chairman or member. 

******* 

27. To assist the House in appraising the administration of the laws and in 
developing such amendments or related legislation as it may deem necessary, 
each standing committee of the House shall exercise continuous watchfulness 
of the execution by the administrative agencies concerned of any laws, the subject 
matter of which is within the jurisdiction of such committee ; and, for that pur- 
pose, shall study all pertinent reports and data submitted to the House by the 
agencies in the executive branch of the Government. 



COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 
(Eighth World Youth Festival, Helsinki, Finland, 1962) 

INTRODUCTION 

The World Federation of Democratic Youth .(WFDY) and the 
International Union of Students (lUS) are organizations which 
were formed at the end of World War II, under the direction of 
Moscow, for the purpose of capturing the minds of youth around the 
globe. Beginning in Prague, Czechoslovakia, in 1947 and every 2 
years thereafter through 1959, these groups jointly sponsored a 
World Youth Festival. After a first-time lapse of 3 years between 
festivals, the eighth and most recent one was held in Helsinki, Finland, 
during the summer of 1962. 

World Youth Festivals are always ballyhooed by their sponsors as 
democratic forums for airing and advancing the aspirations of young 
people everywhere. In reality, however, every one of them has been 
devised — and used — primarily as a medium for disseminating Com- 
munist propaganda. These festivals have traditionally been the 
scenes of vicious Communist attacks upon the United States. 

Each World Youth Festival is run by an International Prepara- 
tory Committee (IPC), appointed by the WFDY and the lUS. 
Hearings conducted by the Committee on Un-American Activities in 
1960 disclosed that the IPC wliich had ruled over the Seventh World 
Youth Festival in Vienna in 1959 was unquestionably Communist 
dominated. The makeup of the IPC for the 1962 Festival was no 
different, according to the August 6, 1962, edition of Helsinki Youth 
News, which identified and gave the backgi-ounds of the 19 IPC lead- 
ers who "carry the main burden of rumiing this Festival." Most of 
them had Communist and pro-Communist records. The majority 
had been active in the World Federation of Democratic Youth or the 
International Union of Students. Ten were known Communist Party 
members and four others, not identified by the Helsinki Youth News 
as Cormnunists, were from the USSR andPoland. Furthermore, the 
IPC member appointed by the 19 to put its Festival plans into opera- 
tion was a well-known, 87-year-old French Communist, Jean Garcias. 
This same "youth" had also served as operational director of the 
Vienna Festival 3 years earlier. 

The theme chosen for the 1962 Festival was the much-used Com- 
munist propaganda slogan, "Peace and Friendship." Past festival 
themes had reflected Soviet propaganda lines on nuclear weapons, dis- 
armament, the people's "liberation" struggle in Viet Nam, and the 
people's fight against "imperialist" aggression in Korea. 

On October 14 and 15, 1961, 37 people met without fanfare on 
the University of Chicago campus for the purpose of forming a United 
States Festival Committee (USFC) to organize the American delega- 
tion to the Eighth World Youth Festival. A significant outcome of 

1781 



1782 COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 

the Chicago meetings was that most of the USFC leaders selected at 
that time were also to become the leaders of the 480-member U.S. dele- 
gation which eventually went to Finland. Not only were the rank- 
and-file participants in the delegation to be denied an opportunity to 
choose their own leaders, but they were also to be thwarted from 
contributing to the official voice of the American group at the Hel- 
sinki Festival. 

No general announcement was made about the formation of the 
United States Festival Committee until 2 months after the Chicago 
meetings. One of the first newspaper reports about the USFC ap- 
peared in the December 16, 1961, edition of People's World, the Com- 
munist Party's West Coast organ. Thereafter, the activities of the 
USFC were given extensive coverage by Commmiist-influenced 
organs and strong support by Communist sympathizers. 

Many of the USFC leaders had records of affiliation with pro- 
Communist causes. A USFC advertisement in the Communist-line 
National Guardian newspaper of February 5, 1962, however, claimed 
that : 

The initiators of this movement in the United States are a 
former college secretary of the American Friends Service 
Committee; a national councilman of the Student Peace 
Union; a former chairman of SLATE at Berkeley * * *. 

The National Guardian for April 2, 1962, printed a letter from 
three prominent supporters of Communist fronts, urging financial 
contributions to the USFC. The authors of the letter were Willard 
Uphaus, Carlton B. Goodlett, and Victor Rabinowitz. 

On April 24, 1962, The Worker (Communist Party newspaper) an- 
nounced a "Folk and Jazz Concert" to raise funds for the USFC. 
Identified Communist Party member Pete Seeger was listed among 
persons scheduled to perform. 

The Worker of June 12, 1962, reported that "fifty educators, church- 
men and community leaders" had signed a statement encouraging 
American youths to participate in the Eighth World Youth Festival. 
Initiators of the statement were Carlton B. Goodlett and the Rev- 
erend George A. Ackerly. 

Among the 13 people identified by The Worker as part of the group 
which signed the Goodlett-Ackerly statement were an identified mem- 
ber of the Communist Party and a half-dozen others with extensive 
records of Communist-front activity. Coincidentally, or otherwise, 
10 of these 13 people had been among the signers of a full-page ad- 
vertisement calling for the abolition of the Committee on Un-Amer- 
ican Activities which appeared in the Neio York Times on February 
22, 1962. 

The USFC received help in recruiting delegates to Helsinki from 
a number of local Festival committees formed on college campuses 
and in various cities throughout the country. Participants and lead- 
ers in some of these groups were either Communist Party members 
or openly favorable to Communist causes. The head of the San 
Francisco Festival Committee, for instance, was Patrick Hallinan, 
the son of Vincent Hallinan, candidate of the Communist-controlled 
Progressive Party for President of the United States in 1952. Young 
Hallinan was one of 62 persons from the Bay Area who several years 
ago planned to go to Cuba to build a school for Communist dictator 



COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 1783 

Fidel Castro, despite a State Department prohibition against such 
activity. 

Although there is no doubt that the Eighth World Youth Festival 
was a Communist-controlled affair and the leadership of the American 
delegation was pro-Communist, the committee would not conclude this 
introduction to the synopsis and hearing transcripts which follow 
without acknowledging that by no means were all members of the 
American delegation Communists or dupes of the Communists. As 
will be clearly seen on subsequent pages, some exceedingly patriotic 
young people knowingly journeyed to the Communist-dominated Fes- 
tival for the purpose of defending the interests and prestige of the 
United States. The Nation is indebted to the fine young Americans 
who pursued this noble endeavor. 



91256—62- 



C0M3IUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 

(Eighth World Youth Festival, Helsinki, Finland, 1962) 

SYNOPSIS 

In April 1962, the committee held 4 days of executive hearings in 
Los Angeles on "united front" techniques of the Communist Party 
in the Southern California District. One of the subpenaed witnesses 
was Marco Sclineck, who, according to preliminary committee in- 
vestigation, was a member of both the District Committee and the 
Youth Commission of the Southern California District of the Com- 
munist Party. 

Schneck was also chairman of the Los Angeles Festival Committee, 
which had been recruiting pro-Communists for the Eighth World 
Youth Festival in Helsinki, Finland, and at the same time attempting 
to prevent pro- Americans from becoming members of this country's 
delegation. 

Marco Schneck was an uncooperative witness, invoking constitu- 
tional privileges, including the fifth amendment, on nearly every 
question asked him. Nevertheless, pertinent excerpts from the tran- 
script of the committee's interrogation of him are printed in this 
dociunent, beginning on page 1791, to show Schneck's Commimist 
Party background and his part in recruiting youth for the Festival, 
as determined by the committee's investigation. 

Another witness at the Los Angeles hearings was Paul Rosenstein, 
also a member of the Los Angeles Festival Committee, who subse- 
quently became part of the pro-Communist hierarchy of the American 
delegation at Helsinki. Preliminary investigation revealed that this 
witness was a member of the Youth Commission of the Southern 
California District of the Communist Party. 

Rosenstein invoked the fifth amendment when asked about the Los 
Angeles Festival Committee and if he were a member of the Commu- 
nist Party. He declined to answer whether he and Schneck had 
attended the Chicago convention of the United States Festival Com- 
mittee. Rosenstein's testimony is not included in this document be- 
cause it provides little information about the Youth Festival that is 
not contained in the transcript of Schneck's appearance.^ 

On October 4, 1962, the committee held public hearings in Wash- 
ington, D.C., on the Eighth World Youth Festival which had taken 
place in Helsinki, Finland, from July 29 through August 6, 1962. 

Prior to the Festival, the committee had been contacted by about 
10 anti-Communist young people who said they planned to go to Hel- 
sinki with the American delegation and, upon return, would be glad 
to inform the conunittee of the events that occurred in Finland. Two 

1 The testimony of Paul Rosenstein will be released In conjunction with a forthcoming 
report on the Southern California District of the Communist Party. 

1785 



1786 COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 

of these persons became witnesses at the public and executive hearings 
in Washington on October 4. 

The first was Donakl Quinlan, 20-year-old junior at Fordham Uni- 
versity in New York City. A summary of his experiences and obser- 
vations in connection with the Eighth World Youth Festival follows : 

Mr. Quinlan first contacted the United States Festival Committee 
in the spring of 1962, several weeks before the April 15 deadline for 
applications for the trip to Helsinki. Periodically, thereafter, he 
went to the USFC office at 460 Park Avenue South in New York City 
and helped with routine work such as typing, mailing letters, etc. 
In that way he became acquainted with a number of the leaders of 
the USFC, including the chairman and executive director, Michael 
Myerson. 

Myerson was a recent graduate of the University of California. 
Wliile in attendance there, he had been president of SLATE, a leftist 
student political group which became so radical that its accredita- 
tion as a campus organization was voided by the university. Under 
the leadership of Myerson, SLATE participated energetically in the 
Communist-inspired San Francisco riots against this committee in 
May 1960. 

While working at USFC headquarters, Quinlan learned that Myer- 
son, along with Michael Tigar and Richard Prosten, members of the 
board of directors and in charge of the organization's operations on the 
West Coast and in the Middle West, respectively, formed the real 
leadership of the American delegation to Helsinki. In fact, when 
the group arrived in Finland, Myerson referred to himself, Tigar, 
and Prosten as the "troika" of the Festival. Another member of the 
board was Norman Berkowitz, who stayed in the New York office 
most of the time and was in charge of USFC's East Coast operations. 

Like Myerson, Michael Tigar was once chairman of SLATE at 
the University of California. He also was a leader of an attack on 
the university's ROTC program and headed a campus campaign in 
behalf of the Fair Play for Cuba Committee. Tigar has been active 
in student movements to block and abolish acti^dties of the Com- 
mittee on Un-American Activities. 

Behind the "troika" of Myerson, Tigar, and Prosten, Quinlan iden- 
tified USFC's secondary leaders as Norman Berkowitz; Bert Wein- 
stein, assistant executive secretary; Barbara Rabinowitz, public rela- 
tions director; and Paul Rosenstein, who was previously mentioned 
in connection with the Los Angeles hearings. 

Fundraising and processing of applications were two primary 
functions of the USFC office in New York. Mr. Quinlan testified, 
however, that it was impossible to learn, as an observer in the office, 
just how the Festival applications were screened because they were 
treated very secretly by Berkowitz, who even took them home with 
him for safekeeping. 

Nevertheless, Quinlan learned that an application from Donald J. 
Devine was rejected by USFC because he had been active with the 
Young Americans for Freedom, an anti-Communist organization. 

When the American delegation arrived in Helsinki, the Myerson- 
Prosten-Tigar "troika" was recognized as the leadership of the U.S. 
group by the International Preparatory Committee, which ran the 
Eighth World Youth Festival. The '"troika" and the sor-oiulnrv 



COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 1787 

USFC leaders mentioned by Quinlan were about the only Americans 
the IPC would deal with. 

Paul Eosenstein's job at the Festival was seeing that delegates' 
identifications were checked, that they were properly registered, and 
that nonclelegates were kept out of meetings of the American group. 

Quinlan said that the American delegation was poorly organized 
at the Festival, with only the previously mentioned leaders knowing 
what was going on much of the time. The rank-and-file members were 
not consulted about any delegation decisions. They were simply given 
instructions from the leaders, often by means of a loudspeaker. 

When asked by the committee counsel to describe the general orien- 
tation of the Festival, Quinlan suggested that the two words which 
would best describe it were "Hate America." He said that the theme 
of most every seminar and meeting would be along the lines of "Down 
with the imiperialist U.S.," "Down with neocolonialism," or "Down 
with American and Federal colonialism." 

The witness testified that the Festival not only tried to make the 
free world — and particularly the United States — look bad politically, 
but also from a cultural standpoint. Said Quinlan — 

cultural programs were so arranged that the Western coun- 
tries, with their amateur groups, would be in sharp contrast 
to the Communist countries who came with professional 
groups * * * so that the effect was to give the "obvious supe- 
riority" of the Eastern countries in cultural events. 

One of the alleged purposes of the Festival, to promote informal 
person-to-person contacts among delegates from different regions of 
the world, was all but impossible to achieve because of the widely 
scattered locations in which the various groups were housed. Many 
rlelegations lived on ships which could not be boarded by strangers 
without a personal invitation. When interdelegation meetings were 
held, they were so highly organized that there was little time for 
person-to-person contact. 

A double standard for pro- Communist and anti- Communist inter- 
ests prevailed at the Festival. Mr. Quinlan provided several examples 
of this. 

When people such as the Hungarian youths now living outside 
Hungary put in an appearance at the Festival, they were not allowed 
to speak, ostensibly because they did not have the approval of the 
Plungarian Government. On the other hand, pro-Communist exiles 
from Spain were permitted to speak and participate in the Festival, 
when quite obviously they were not sanctioned by the Spanish 
Government. 

At one seminar a Canadian delegate made a speech in which he 
took an anti-Soviet position. Chinese Communist delegates were per- 
mitted to make a rebuttal. Later, at the same seminar, an American 
girl attempted to rebut anti-U.S. propaganda, but she was refused 
the floor. 

Back in the United States, before the Festival took place, the 
USFC had said in a published statement : 

The United States Festival Committee intends to use all 
its influence to guarantee the fullest discussion possible and 
to permit the freest expression of point of view. 



1788 COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 

At the Helsinki Festival, however, according to Quinlan, the leader- 
ship of the U.S. delegation made no protest about numerous flagrant 
curtailments of freedom of speech. The leadership only reacted with 
surprise that any American delegates wished to express anti-Soviet 
views. 

The American delegation had a display table which was stocked 
with Communist Party and Communist-front literature published in 
the United States, including New Horizons for Youth^ a publication 
of the U.S. Communist Party's Youth Commission, When anti- 
Communist U.S. pamphlets were put there, they would suddenly 
disappear completely, apparently having been removed by the dele- 
gation leadership. 

Quinlan reported that in the Festival's closing-day parade such 
signs as "No more Hiroshimas" and "Close down military bases on 
foreign soil" were allowed, but one saying, "No more Soviet tests," 
was removed. 

Of the 440 persons Quinlan estimated there were in the American 
delegation, he said about one fifth was anti-Communist, two fifths 
were leftist-pacifist, and the remaining two fifths were Communist or 
pro-Communist. 

The second witness to testify at the committee's public hearings in 
Washington on October 4, 1962, was Miss Ann S. Eccles, 25, an office- 
worker, of Brooklyn, N.Y. 

Miss Eccles corroborated many of the facts supplied by Mr. Quinlan. 
She, too, worked in the USFC office in New York before the Festival. 
Miss Eccles had made several telephone calls to the office to check 
the status of her Festival application when, on one occasion, she was 
asked if she would come into the office and do some work for the 
USFC. It was not until after she had worked in the office four 
different times that Norman Berkowitz finally said that her applica- 
tion was approved. 

Miss Eccles told about an anti-Communist American delegate who 
obtained permission to speak at one of the Eighth World Youth 
Festival seminars, but cut his prepared hour-long remarks down to a 
quarter of that time because the chairman had been limiting all 
speeches to 10 minutes so that each could be followed by a question- 
and-answer period. But when the American finished, there was no 
question-and-answer period. Then a Kussian spoke for an hour and 
15 minutes, followed by a Hungarian who spoke for 35 or 40 minutes 
more. 

During this seminar, the same American delegate (a Mr. Ingels) 
heard a North Korean claim that during the Korean war the American 
soldiers used Korean babies for cannon fodder. Miss Eccles described 
what then occured : 

Mr. Ingels stood up, even though he was shouted down, and 
could not control himself and said, "That is a lie." The rest 
of the Americans who were there immediately acted embar- 
rassed and sliunned him, and the Korean delegate demanded 
an instant apology. He came around with 20 of his people 
and stated that his delegation had been insulted. Mr. Ingels 
finally did apologize for insulting the delegation, but he did 



COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 1789 

not retract the statement that it was a lie. I doubt, though, 
that this was noted — the propaganda impact of the American 
apologizing seemed to be sufficient. 

Miss Eccles also testified about a seminar on cinematography which 
she attended. Wlien a delegate from Senegal was given the floor, he 
said that there was no movie industry in his country, so he used his 
allotted time to attack American "imperialism." Miss Eccles said 
this delegate was heard to give the exact same speech, less his remarks 
about the movie industry, at a different seminar. 

The lady witness agreed with Mr. Quinlan's report that the leader- 
ship of the American delegation made no protest about the undemo- 
cratic procedures which marked the Festival. In contrast, the whole 
Ceylonese delegation and individuals from other groups walked out 
after realizing that they were being used for Communist propaganda 
purposes. 

After the public hearings were completed on October 4, both Mr. 
Quinlan and Miss Eccles gave additional testimony in executive ses- 
sion. All of their testimony in both sessions is published with this 
document. 

From their executive testimony, the following items are 
summarized : 

On the opening-day's parade at the Helsinki Festival, the American 
delegation was supposed to sing "America the Beautiful." Wlien a 
few persons started to sing it, they were drowned out by other Ameri- 
can delegates singing "We Shall Not Be Moved" and "We Ain't Going 
To Study War No More." 

When the Cuban delegation entered the parade shouting, "Cuba si, 
Yankee no," many Americans joined in the shouting of that slogan. 

A Hungarian youth, living in exile and claiming to represent 6,000 
young exiled Hungarians, had been refused recognition as a delegate 
by the Festival and was unable to get the floor at any of the seminars. 
Finally at one seminar, an anti-Communist American delegate got the 
floor for himself after much effort and then immediately turned it 
over to the exiled Hungarian leader. As the Hungarian tried to 
speak, shouts of "Fascist" filled the hall, and he was unable to be 
heard. 

At another seminar at which the United States had been under a 
particularly heavy attack, a pro-Communist American girl was asked 
by a delegate from another countiy what nation she was from, and the 
American replied that she was Cuban. 

On the last day of the Festival, after many of the delegations had 
already departed from Helsinki, the International Preparatory Com- 
mittee permitted a free forum. Why? The Soviet press corps was 
on hand in full force with floodlights, cameras, and microphones to 
record the "democratic" procedures which prevailed at the Eighth 
World Youth Festival. 



C03IMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 
(Eighth World Youth Festival, Helsinki, Finland, 1962) 



[The following testimony taken by the committee in executive ses- 
sion in Los Angeles, Calif., on April 25 and 27, 1962, which pertains 
to the subject of the Eighth World Youth Festival is released and 
printed on pp. 1791-1802 preceding the testimony received in Wash- 
ington, D.C., on October 4, 1962.] 

WEDNESDAY, APRIL 25, 1962 

United States House of Representatives, 

Subcommittee of the 
Committee on Un-American Activities, 

Los Angeles^ Calif. 

executive session ^ 

The subcommittee of the Committee on Un-American Activities 
met, pursuant to recess, at 8 a.m., in Room 519, United States Federal 
Building, Los Angeles, Hon. Clyde Doyle (chairman of the subcom- 
mittee) presiding. 

Subcommittee members: Representatives Clyde Doyle, of Cali- 
fornia ; Edwin E. Willis, of Louisiana ; William M. Tuck, of Virginia ; 
Gordon H. Scherer, of Ohio ; and August E. Johansen, of Michigan. 

Subcommittee members present: Representatives Clyde Doyle, 
William M. Tuck, Gordon H. Scherer, and August E. Johansen. 

Staff members present: Frank S. Tavenner, Jr., director, and 
William A. Wheeler, investigator. 

Mr. D0Y1.E. The subcommittee will come to order. 

« 4: * * * * * 

TESTIMONY OF MAECO SCHNECK, ACCOMPANIED BY COUNSEL, 
CLAUDE V. WORRELL 

Mr. Tavenner. Will you please state your name and spell it, please, 
both your first and last names ? 

Mr. ScHNECK, My name is M-a-r-c-o S-c-h-n-e-c-k. 

Mr. Tavenner. It is noted that the witness is accompanied by 
counsel. 

Would counsel please identify himself for the record? 

Mr. Worrell. My name is Claude Worrell. 

Mr. Schneck. May I ask the Chair a question ? 

I was subpenaed in front of this committee in 1959 and I received 
a telegram postponing me. The day I came, as per telegram, the 

1 Released by the committee and ordered to be printed. 

1791 

91256 — 62 3 



1792 COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 

committee had apparently left, and I think I am entitled to the witness 
fee, being as I came and was never informed that I didn't have to 
show up. 

Mr. Tavenner. Mr. Chairman, I agree with him entirely if that is 
a fact. 

Mr. ScHNECK. I have the subpena with me. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did you get in touch with the committee about 
it? 

Mr. ScHNECK. I went down to the Statler, I believe, a few minutes 
later and tried to call Mr. Walter, but he wasn't in. 

Mr. Tavenner. I suggest the staff take it up with him and try to 
settle the matter. 

Mr. Doyle. Yes, we will do that and we are glad you called it to 
our attention. 

Mr. Tavenner. You appear here pursuant to a subpena served on 
you? 

Mr. Schneck. Yes. 

Mr. Tavenner. Where do you reside, Mr. Schneck ? 

Mr. Schneck. I'd like to question the legislative purpose or per- 
tinence of this hearing. 

Mr. Doyle. Counsel, will you read the statement ? 

Mr. Tavenner. Yes. 

The committee's resolution, adopted January 17, 1962, authorizing 
these hearings, adequately sets forth the subjects and purposes. 

This is in a statement that the chairman of the subcommittee made 
at the opening of these hearings. The resolution controlling the first 
phase of the hearings reads as follows : 

BE IT RESOLVED, that a hearing by the Committee on Un-American 
Activities, or a subcommittee thereof, be held in Los Angles, California, at such 
time as the Chairman may designate relating to the structure, objectives and 
activities of the Communist Party in Southern California for the legislative pur- 
pose of receiving information designed to aid the Committee and Congress in 
determining vphether the Internal Security Act of 1950 should be amended in a 
manner to make unlavpful membership in the Communist Party of the United 
States * * *, 

The chairman of the subcommittee also explained that at the time 
that resolution was passed, on January 17, the staff of this committee 
was assisting him in the preparation of a bill which he introduced on 
January 30 of this year, which is H.K. 9944, which amends the 
Internal Security Act of 1950 — that is, amends the registration pro- 
visions of it — and makes membership in the Communist Party milaw- 
ful, and that bill has been referred to this committee, and these 
hearings relate to that. 

Now, if you will proceed to answer the question, please. 

Mr. Schneck. Wliat was the question ? 

Mr. Tavenner. The question was. Where do you reside ? 

Mr. Schneck. I a going to decline to answer that, first, because 
I think the mandate authorizing this coimnittee is unconstitutional ; 
I think the committee is not following the mandate, as stated, in any 
case ; and, thirdly, I am going to call on all the rights, responsibilities, 
privileges, and amenities granted me by the entire Constitution of the 
United States, and most specifically the first, fourth, and fifth and 
ninth amendments to the Bill of Rights. 

Mr, Doyle. I direct you to answer the question. Witness. You have 
heard the statement of the pertinency, and I believe a congres- 



COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 1793 

sional committee is always entitled to know the identity of a person 
appearing before the committee. 

Identity is always pertinent, and that is one of the purposes of that 
question. I direct you to answer. 

Mr. ScHNECK. I have answered the question as to my name, thereby 
identifying myself. I am here by virtue of subpena which was served 
on me and I am declining to answer that question on the grounds of 
all the privileges 

Mr. ScHERER. Wliat is the question ? 

Mr. Tavenner. His address. 

Mr. ScHNECK. — guaranteed me by the Constitution, and most 
specifically the fii-st, fourth, fifth, and ninth amendments. 

Mr. ScHERER. Witness, do you honestly believe that to answer the 
question as to where you live might lead to criminal prosecution? 

Mr. ScHNECK. Yes, I do. 

Mr. ScHERER. I want to compliment counsel in this case. This is 
the first counsel before us that imderstood the law with reference to 
that question. 

Mr. Tavenner. That is, the first one during these hearings. 

Mr. Schneck, you stated that you are appearing here pursuant to a 
subpena served on you. 

I hand you what purports to be a copy of the subpena. 

Do you recognize that as a copy of the subpena served on you? 

Mr. Schneck. It looks like it. 

Mr. Tavenner. Mr. Chairman, I offer the subpena in evidence and 
ask it be marked Schneck Exhibit No. 1. 

I read the return by the deputy sheriff who served the subpena, 
which is as follows : 

I made service of the within subpena by delivering in person [to] the within- 
named person at his home, 3336 Hamilton Way, Apt. No. 4, Los Angeles, Cali- 
fornia, at 7 :00 o'clock, a.m., on the 12th day of April, 1962. Dated April 12th, 
1962. Peter J. Pitchess, by D. S. Epperson [Deputy]. 

Mr. Doyle. The subpena will be received and so marked. 

(Docmnent marked "Schneck Exhibit No. 1" and retained in com- 
mittee files.) 

Mr. Tavenner. Wliat is your occupation, Mr. Schneck ? 

Mr. Schneck. I decline to answer that on the grounds previously 
stated. 

Mr. Tavenner. Aren't you attending UCLA ? 

Mr. Schneck. Same answer. 

Mr. Tavenner. Aren't you enrolled in the Preventive Medicine 
Department of the University of California at Los Angeles ? 

Mr. Schneck. I decline to answer that on the same grounds pre- 
viously stated. 

Mr. Tavenner. When and where were you born ? 

Mr. Schneck. I decline to answer that question also on the same 
grounds. 

Mr. Doyle. It manifestly could not subject you to criminal prose- 
cution to state when and where you were born. 

Mr. Schneck. The same answer holds. 

Mr. Tavenner. Weren't you born in Santiago, Chile, on October 3, 
1931? 

Mr. Schneck. Would you repeat that, please ? 



1794 COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 

Mr. Taat:nner. Weren't you born in Santiago, Chile, on October 3, 
1931? 

Mr. ScHNECK. Same answer. 

Mr. JoHANSEN. Mr. Chairman, this is not an answer. In other 
words, if he wishes to decline on the same gromids 

Mr. ScHNECK. I decline to answer on the grounds previously stated, 
and again the constitutional guarantees, and most specifically the first, 
fourth, fifth, and ninth amendments. 

Mr. SciiERER. I think we should have a direction for the witness to 
answer when and where he was born, because I cannot possibly see how 
tliat might lead to a criminal prosecution. 

Mr. Doyle. I direct you to answer the question, Witness. 

Mr. ScHNECK. I decline to answer on the grounds pre^^ously stated. 

Mr. ScHERER. Are you a citizen of the United States, sir? 

Mr. ScHNECK. I decline to answer on the grounds previously stated. 

Mr. ScHERER. I ask that you direct the witness to answer the 
question. 

I asked whether he was a citizen of the United States; that cannot 
possibly incriminate him. 

Mr. DoTLE. I direct you to answer the question. Witness. 

Mr. SciiNECK. I decline to answer on the grounds pre^aously stated. 

Mr. Tavenner. Will you ad\dse the committee, please, what your 
formal educational training has been ? 

Mr. ScHNECK. I decline to answer on the grounds pre\nously stated. 

Mr. Tavenner. May I have a direction that the witness answer the 
question ? 

Mr. Doyle. I direct the witness to answer that question. 

Mr. ScHNECK. Decline to answer on the grounds previously stated. 

Mr. ScHERER. Do we have any information. Counsel, as to whether 
this witness is a citizen of the United States ? 

Mr. Taa^nner. No, sir, I do not. 

Mr. Doyle. Have you asked him whether or not he was naturalized ? 

Mr. Tavenner. I have asked him where he was born. 

Mr. Doyle. Witness, what is the name of the community or the 
town in Chile where you were bom ? 

Mr. ScHNECK. I decline to answer on the grounds previously stated. 

Mr. Doyle. I instruct you to answer. It is ridiculous for you to 
undertake to claim the constitutional provision, in our judgment, as 
to where you were bom. 

Mr. ScHNECK. I don't think it's ridiculous and I decline to answer 
on the grounds previously stated. 

Mr. JoHANSEN. Mr. Ohairman, I think that we might pursue the 
question of his entry into the United States. 

Mr. Doyle. That is right. 

Mr. SoHERER. Obviously there must be something wrong. I would 
suggest that counsel for the committee in the investigation make 
inquiry as to whether this man is a citizen of the United States and 
in view of his testimony here today, if it should develop that lie is a 
naturalized citizen, we might consider referring the matter to the 
Justice Department. 

Mr. Tavenner. How long have you lived in California, Mr. 
Schneck? 

Mr. Schneck. I decline to answer on the grounds previously stated. 

Mr. ScHERER. Is this man an exchange student of any kind I 



COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 1795 

Mr. Tavenner. No, sir, I don't think so. Our information is that 
Ms parents live in Los Angeles, which I think would disqualify him 
from being in that categoiy. 

Our investigation does show that he arrived in California in 1944; 
that would also eliminate the matter that you are referring to. 

Mr. JoHANSEN. Does it indicate that his parents are citizens of the 
United States, or natives of the United States ? 

Mr. Tavenner. We do not know. 

Mr. Sclineck, were you not identified with the American Youth for 
Democracy while that organization was in existence^ 

Mr. ScHNECK. Would you explain, please, what you mean by 
"identified"? 

Mr. Tavenner. Yes, were you a member of it ? 

Mr. Schneck. I decline to answer on the grounds previously stated. 

Mr. Tavenner. When the American Youth for Democracy went 
out of existence, were you one of the leading figures in building the 
succeeding organization, known as the Labor Youth League ? 

Mr. Schneck. I decline to answer on the grounds previously stated. 

Mr. Ta\'enner. In 1958, did you not become a member of the 
Youth Commission of the Communist Party in the Southern District 
of California ? 

Mr. Schneck. I decline to answer on the grounds previously stated. 

Mr. Tavenner. At the time this committee endeavored to hear 
you in 1959, the investigation disclosed that you had attended the 
First Convention of the newly formed Southern California District 
of California, which was held on April 13-14, 1957. 

Was that a correct statement, that you did attend such a convention ? 

Mr. JoHANSEN. That was of the Communist Part}^ ? 

Mr. Tavenner. Of the Communist Party, yes. 

Mr. Schneck. I decline to answer on the grounds previously stated. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did you also attend the second session of tlie 
Second Convention of the Coimnunist Party of the Southern District 
of California, which was held in January of 1960 ?. 

Mr. Schneck. I decline to answer on the grounds previously stated. 

Mr. Ta\t:nner. The committee's investigation has disclosed that 
you were elected on January 31, 1960, as one of the 30-member 
District Committee of the Communist Party for the Southern District 
of California, a newly organized group ; is that correct ? 

Mr. Schneck, I decline to answer on the grounds previously stated. 

Mr. Tavenner. Charlene Mitchell, chairman of the Youth Com- 
mission of the Southern California District of the Communist Party, 
delivered a lengthy report on party youth work at the first session of 
the Second Convention of the Southern California District of the 
Communist Party. 

Are you familiar with the contents of her report ? 

Mr. Schneck. I decline to answer on the grounds previously stated. 

Mr. Tavenner. This report, which was approved by the conven- 
tion, stated that the organization of young Communists in Los Angeles 
has taken many forms since the dissolution of the Labor Youtli 
League, but the present organization was a Communist Party youth 
club. 

Now, were you a member of the Los Angeles Communist Partv 
Youth Club? 



1796 COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTrVITIES 

Mr. ScHNECK. I decline to answer on the grounds previously stated. 

Mr. Tavenner. The main task for Communist youth, this report 
states, is to master the party's united- front strategy. 

This is explained as finding "ways and means of establishing more 
extensive personal contacts and friendships, and wider formal and 
informal organized political relationships" with others. United ac- 
tion on certain issues must be sought with left-wing, progressive, 
middle-of-the-road, and even conservative forces, this report states. 

Will you tell the committee, please, what you consider to be the 
purposes of such united-front activities by the Conamunist youth 
groups ? 

Mr. ScHNECK. Are you asking for my opinion ? 

Mr. Tavenner. Yes, sir. 

Mr. ScHNECK. I don't choose to give you my opinion on that. 

Mr. Tavenner. I did not mean to ask you for your opinion. I am 
asking for your knowledge of the purposes. 

Mr. ScHNECK. I decline to answer that question on the grounds 
previously stated. 

Mr. Tavenner. What purpose would such united-front activities 
serve ? Wliat purpose is it sought to serve ? 

Mr. ScHNECK. Is that a question as to my knowledge ? 

Mr. Tavenner. Yes, sir. 

Mr. Schneck. I decline to answer it on the grounds previously 
stated. 

Mr. Tavenner. By "contact with mass organizations of young 
people" and using the "correct united front approach," the party 
youth organizations seek to recruit other young people into support- 
ing Communist causes and eventually into active party membership ; 
is that not true? 

Mr. Schneck. I decline to answer that on the grounds previously 
stated. 

Mr. Tavenner. The chairman of the District Youth Commission, 
that is Charlene Mitchell, found it an encouraging sign that a large 
delegation from southern California attended the Seventh World 
Youth Festival in Vienna in 1959. 

These festivals are sponsored by the Communist-controlled Inter- 
national Union of Students and the World Federation of Democratic 
Youth, are they not? 

Mr. Schneck. If that is a question, I decline to answer on the 
grounds previously stated. 

Mr. Tavenner. Wliat preparations have been made for encourag- 
ing a large delegation to the Eighth World Youth Festival, which will 
be held in Helsinki in the summer of 1962 ? 

Mr. Schneck. I decline to answer that on the grounds previously 
stated. 

Mr. Tavenner. In fact, a meeting was sponsored by the Helsinki 
Organizing Committee for the Eighth World Youth Festival and was 
held in your home at 3336 Hamilton Way, Los Angeles; was it not? 

Mr. Schneck. I decline to answer on the grounds previously stated. 

Mr. Tavenner. The purpose of this Helsinki Organizing Com- 
mittee meeting in your home was to organize a group of Communist 
and pro-Communist students to attend the Festival in Helsinki, was 
it not? 



COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 1797 

Mr. ScHNECK. I decline to answer on the grounds previously stated. 

Mr. Ta-\^nner. The original name of the Helsinki Organizing 
Committee was changed to the Los Angeles Festival Committee, was 
it not? 

Mr. ScHNECK. I decline to answer on the grounds previously stated, 

Mr. Tavenner. And you were made the chairman of this commit- 
tee, were you not? 

Mr. Schneck. I decline to answer on the grounds previously stated. 

Mr. Tavenner. Mr. Chairman, may I offer in evidence as Exhibit 
No. 2 a photostatic copy of a letter bearing date, November 18, 1961, 
bearing the letterhead "Los Angeles Festival Committee, 1283 Ke- 
dondo Blvd., Los Angeles 19, Calif." signed — or purportedly signed 
by Marco Schneck, chairman, Los Angeles Festival Committee. 

May it be introduced in evidence and marked Schneck Exhibit 
No. 2^? 

Mr. DoYEE. It will be so received and so marked. 

Mr. Tavenner. Will the witness please examine the letter and state 
whether or not the signature there is a facsimile of his signature ? 

Mr. Schneck. I decline to answer on the grounds previously stated. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did the witness look at the letter before he an- 
swered my question ? 

Mr. DoTLE. I did not observe him doing so. His counsel 

Mr. Schneck. I saw the letter. 

Mr. DoTEE. — his counsel looked at it, the witness did not. 

Mr. Schneck. I saw it. 

Mr. Tavenner. You saw the letter, but you did not have an oppor- 
tunity to see the signature, did you ? 

Mr. Doyle. I observed him very carefully. He did not look at 
the exhibit. 

Mr. Schneck. To rest your minds, I see it now and I have the same 
answer, 

Mr. JoHANSEN. I think it's in order to mention — I don't know that 
it's in any way improper — but he's been much more assiduous in 
making notes and sort of do-it-yourself stenographer, apparently, than 
he is in viewing exhibits. 

Mr. Tavenner. I think, Mr. Chairman, it is very significant that 
the witness would refuse to answer the question before he had seen 
the signature that was presented to him. 

Now, Mr. Chairman, I would like to read this letter for the infor- 
mation of the committee. 

Schneck Exhibit No. 2 

November 18, 1961. 
Dear friend; 

This is to introduce ourselves to you. We are a newly established service 
organization vrhose purpose is to acquaint young people of the Southern California 
area with the VIII World Youth Festival, to be held in Helsinki, Finland in the 
summer of 1962, and to encourage and assist their participation in it. 

We feel that the problem of ensuring peace cannot be ignored by American 
Young people. The events of the Helsinki Festival will help create a basis for 
international understanding, and be a step toward the reduction of existing 
world tensions. 

We are planning a conference on Sunday, Nov. 19, from 1 :00 to 4 :00 P.M. at 
1251 So. St. Andrews PI. L.A. We are inviting both individuals and repre- 
sentatives of various church youth groups, student organizations, cultural groups, 
etc., to attend (without commitment or obligation of course). Our aim is to 
acquaint young people with the Festival and with our Committee. 



1798 COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 

We hope to be able to present a film of the 1959 (VII) Festival in Vienna, to 
present our plans for the coming months, and to answer questions. 

Enclosed you will find a fact sheet and a self addressed post card for your 
early remittance. 

Hoping to hear from you soon, 

/s/ Marco Schneck 
Marco Schneck 
Chairman, L.A. Festival Comm. 

Mr. Doyle. The date of that letter ? 

Mr. Ta\tenner. November 18, 1961. 

Mr. Doyle, Is there a return address on the letter ? 

Mr. Tavenner. Yes, it's Los Angeles Festival Committee, 1283 
Kedondo Boulevard, Los Angeles 19, California. 

Mr. Schneck, on November 18, 1961, the date of that letter, were 
you a member of the Youth Commission of the Communist Party for 
the Southern District of California ? 

Mr. Schneck, I decline to answer on the grounds previously stated. 

Mr. Tavenner. Mr. Schneck, you and Paul Rosenstein made a trip 
to Chicago to the United States Festival Committee convention, did 
you not ? 

Mr, Schneck, I decline to answer on the grounds previously stated. 

Mr, Tavenner. The United States Festival Committee is the ad- 
ministrative group organized to handle information and policy of the 
group attending the Eighth World Youth Festival, isn't that true ? 

Mr, Schneck, I decline to answer on the grounds previously stated. 

Mr. Tavenner. Does not the plan for recruitment of young people 
to attend this Festival require that each applicant take and file an 
application with the U.S. Festival Committee before he is allowed to 
attend as a delegate to Helsinki, is that right ? 

Mr. Schneck. I decline to answer on the grounds previously stated. 

Mr. Tavenner. And the reason for that requirement is that those 
responsible, in your area, for recruiting young people want to avoid 
any possibility of trouble in the next World Youth Festival by at- 
tendance of young people who are actually pro-American students, 
instead of pro-Communist students ; isn't that true ? 

Mr, Schneck. I decline to answer that on the grounds previously 
given, 

Mr. Tavenner. You are engaging now in a plan to attempt to 
eliminated from attendance at this Festival in Helsinki persons that 
you consider are pro-American students ? 

Mr. Scherer. And to get those that are pro-Communist ? 

Mr. Tavenner. That is right. 

Mr. Schenck. I didn't understand that as a question. 

Mr. Tavenner. Shall I repeat it ? 

Mr. Schneck. Was it a question ? 

Mr. Tavenner. Oh, yes. 

Mr. Schneck. I decline to answer on the grounds previously stated. 

Mr, Scherer, That is the freedom of speech he's talking about. 

Mr. Doyle, It is the declination of freedom of speech. 

Mr. Scherer. They prate so much about freedom of speech and 
charge this committee with depriving people of freedom of speech. 
They are the greatest offenders. 

Mr. Schneck. That's your opinion, not mine. 

Mr. Scherer. Is my opinion wrong? Go ahead. 

Mr. Schneck. Thank you. 



COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 1799 

Mr. Doyle. You volunteered an observation there, Witness. 

Mr. Scherer asked you a dignified question. What is your answer ? 

Mr. ScHNECK. I don't have to give an answer, Mr. Chairman. 

Mr. Doyle. You volunteered an oral observation there to Mr. 
Scherer. 

Mr. Schneck. I volunteer w^hen I please, as I understand it. 

Mr. Doyle. Yes, you can under the U.S. Constitution, thank God. 
You can't under other regulations. 

Mr. Scherer. I just asked him whether what I said was wrong ; is 
it wrong, Witness ? 

Mr. Schneck. Mr. Scherer, that was your opinion, and all I said 
was that that was your opinion. 

Now, I don't choose to enter into a long discussion with you; cer- 
tainly not on your territory. 

Mr. Scherer. I asked you the question whether what I said is not 
correct. 

Mr. Schneck. And I said that I don't intend to enter into discussion 
of this sort with you. 

Mr. Scherer. I ask you to direct the witness to answer the ques- 
tion. 

Mr. Doyle. Yes, you are at liberty to answer the question. I 
instruct you to answer the question. 

Mr. Schneck. Would you repeat the question, please ? 

Mr. Scherer. The question was whether or not you are engaged 
in a plan, right now, to prevent the attendance of pro-American 
students at the next Youth Festival in Helsinki and to fill that 
delegation with pro-Communists, like yourself, or Communists like 
yourself ? 

Now, is anything in that statement I made untrue ? 

Mr. Schneck. Mr. Tavenner asked me the same question; I 
answered it; and your question, I answered the same way, for the 
grounds previously stated. 

Mr. Johansen. Let the record show that, on each occasion of the 
reference by counsel or a member of the committee to pro- American 
students, there has been a very obvious smirk on the witness' face. 
I have observed it very carefully. 

Mr. Doyle. Go ahead, Mr. Tavenner. 

Mr. Tavenner. Mr. Chairman, I offer in evidence and ask that it 
be marked Schneck Exhibit No. 3, a flier, making reference to the 
Youth Festival. 

May it be received in evidence ? 

Mr. Doyle. It will be so received and marked. 

Mr. Tavenner. Will you hand it to the witness for his examina- 
tion, and I want to state for the benefit of the witness, as well as the 
committee, that the note at the bottom was not part of the original 
flier, but was added onto it by the staff of the committee, because it 
represented the names of the owners of the residence referred to in 
the flier. 

Mr. Doyle. And does it name the owners or just the address ? 

Mr. Tavenner. No, the document itself refers to the meeting to 
be held at a certain address. 

The staff has checked this address and found it to be the address of 
the persons named on the document, which the committee has named 
on the document. 

91256—62 4 



1800 COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVmES 

Do you recall sending out that flier ? 

Mr. ScHNECK. I decline to answer on the grounds previously stated. 

Mr. Tavenner. I would like to read this document, please. 

ScHNECK Exhibit No. 3 

Hear a report from our representatives to the National Conference being held 
in Chicago this weekend. The Conference is being called to initiate a National 
Festival Committee to insure U.S. participation. 

Travel agents inform us that time is running short for insuring European pas- 
sage. . . 

For specific information. . . . 

COMB HERE ALL!! THURSDAY, Oct. 19, (this year)— 1961, 8:00 p.m. 
sharp ! ! 

1758 No. Alexandria LA 

labor tearfully donated — For more information call No 40851. 

Now, the "No" notation stands for the Normandy telephone ex- 
change, I am advised. 

The office note placed on the bottom is that the address of 1758 
North Alexandria, LA, is the address of Hugh and Dorothy Forest 
DeLacy. 



FRIDAY, APRIL 27, 1962 

United States House of Representatives, 

Subcommittee of the 
Committee on Un-American Activities, 

Los Angeles^ Calif. 

executive session ^ 
AFTERNOON SESSION 

4e 4: * :ii H: * :): 

Mr. Doyle. May the record show that the subcommittee recon- 
vened at 1 :30 p.m., and that Messrs. Johansen, Tuck, and Doyle are 
present, therefore, a quorum of the subcommittee. 

4: « * « * * * 

Mr. Wheeler. Before we call the next witness, I have a short 
report to make to the committee, if it pleases the counsel. 

Mr. Chairman, I was directed by the Chair to ascertain certain 
information concerning Marco Schneck, who appeared as a witness 
here on Wednesday, and he was directed to reappear this afternoon 
at 2 o'clock. 

Marco Schneck is employed by the UCLA Preventive Medicine 
Department of the University of California in Los Angeles, and I 
was to ascertain if this particular unit at UCLA had a Grovernment 
grant. 

I have talked to the person who is the head of this department and 
I have been advised that they do have a grant from the Government 
and it is from the National Institutes of Health. There is a consid- 
erable grant for equipment, and they are doing research on making or 
developing some type of medical computer. 

1 Released by the committee and ordered to be printed. 



COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 1801 

Now, it is unclassified. There are 20 persons employed under this 
grant. The witness, Marco Schneck, is one of the 20 employed under 
the grant. 

I have been further advised by the department head that the em- 
ployment of Marco Schneck will be terminated May 1. 

Mr. Doyle. Do you have any knowledge as to why Marco Schneck 
will be terminated from his employment on May 1 ? 

Mr. Wheeler. Mr. Schneck has requested a leave of absence start- 
ing May 1, and the department head advised me that there is nothing 
exceptional about Mr. Schneck's work and he will be terminated rather 
than granted leave of absence on that date. 

I might mention that Marco Schneck is the chairman of the Los 
Angeles Festival Committee, which is handling the transportation 
and obtaining the passports for the World Youth Festival in Hel- 
sinki, so we can probably reach the conclusion he has taken the leave 
of absence to go to Helsinki, 

Mr. Sclineck is here. He was directed to return at 2 o'clock today. 

The subcommittee can determine what they wish to do. 

Mr. Doyle. Do you want the record to show anything more than 
we now have ? 

Mr. Tavenner. Off the record. 

(Discussion off the record.) 

Mr. Doyle. The comanittee will come to order. May the record 
show that the Messrs. Tuck and Johansen and Doyle are present, 
therefore, a quorum of the subcommittee. 

Proceed Counsel. 

TESTIMONY OF MARCO SCHNECK— Resumed 

Mr. Tavenner. Mr. Schneck, you were requested by the committee 
to report back this afternoon. 

The committee has made a further investigation regarding your 
employment, and you should be reminded that you are still under oath. 

Mr. Schneck. This is continuing testimony ? 

Mr. Tavenner. Yes. As a result of this investigation, it has been 
learned that you are employed in a department of UCLA known as 
the Preventive Medicine Department; that that department is re- 
ceiving a substantial grant from the Government of the United States 
for work being done; and that you are one of 20 persons who are 
engaged in the work involved as a result of that grant. Is that 
correct ? 

Mr. Schneck. I decline to answer that question on the grounds of 
all the privileges, responsibilities, immunities, and guarantees offered 
by the Constitution of the United States, and most particularly the 
first, fourth, fifth, and ninth amendments. 

Mr. Tavenner. It has also been learned by the committee that you 
have applied for leave of absence beginning May 1, so I want to in- 
quire from you whether you have made application for a passport to 
engage in foreign travel ? 

Mr. Schneck. I decline to answer that question on the grounds 
previously stated. 



1802 COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 

Mr. Tavenner. Do you propose to engage in foreign travel within 
the next 6 months ? ^ 

Mr. ScHNECK. I decline to answer that question on the grounds 
previously stated. 

Mr. JoHANSEN. Mr. Chairman, I ask that the Chair direct the 
witness not to take notes during the testimony. 

Mr. Doyle. That is right, his counsel is doing it. One ought to be 
enough. 

Mr. ScHNECK. Are you directing me not to take notes ? 

Mr. DoYL^E. Yes. 1 think the questions being directed to you 
deserve your fullest attention, and you certainly are not giving it 
when you are sitting there scribbling notes. 

Your counsel is also taking notes and that ought to be sufficient. 
We are entitled to your attention. 

Mr. Tavenner. I have no further questions. 

Mr. Tuck. I have no questions. 

Mr. JoHANSEN. I have no questions. 

Mr. DoTX,E. I have no questions. 

Witness is excused. Thank you, Counsel. 

(Witness excused.) 



1 Mr. Schneck had been issued a passport on December 2, 1959, which was valid until 
the end of 1962. He had, nevertheless, applied for a new passport in 1961, and this appli- 
cation was rejected by the State Department. He did not go to the Eighth World Youth 
Festival in the summer of 1962, although the committee had received information that 
he originally planned to travel to Helsinki as a member of the southern California dele- 
gation. 



COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 
(Eighth World Youth Festival, Helsinki, Finland, 1962) 



THURSDAY, OCTOBER 4, 1962 

United States House of Representatives, 
Committee on Un-American Activities, 

Washington^ D.C. 
public hearings 

The Committee on Un-American Activities met, pursuant to call, 
at 10 a.m., in the Caucus Room, Cannon House Office Building, Wash- 
ington, D.C, Hon. Francis E. Walter (chairman of the committee) 
presiding. 

Committee members present: Representatives Francis E. Walter, 
of Pennsylvania ; William M. Tuck, of Virginia ; August E. Johansen, 
of Michigan; Donald C. Bruce, of Indiana; and Henry C. Schade- 
berg, of Wisconsin. (Appearances as noted.) 

Staff members present : Francis J. McNamara, director ; Frank S. 
Tavenner, Jr., general counsel; and Donald T. Appell, investigator. 

The Chairman. The committee will come to order. 

Every type of person in every land — no matter what their political, 
religious, economic, or social background; their trade or profession; 
their color, age, likes or dislikes — is a subject of Communist interest 
and an object of Communist propaganda. 

There is one group of persons, however, that is — and has always 
been — a very special target of the Communists. This group is the 
youth of the world. Not only does the Communist movement always 
need and want new blood to swell its ranks and to guarantee its con- 
tinued existence and growth, but youth has certain characteristics 
which are particularly valuable to a revolutionary movement and 
others which make it especially vulnerable to Communist blandish- 
ments. 

Youth is idealistic. Communism holds out to it a great ideal — the 
remolding of human nature, the creation of the Communist man, a 
being superior to any which has walked the earth. 

Youth wants a challenge. Communism offers it a great challenge — 
conquest of the entire world. 

Youth is defiant and rebellious of authority. Communism is re- 
bellion. It defies, and aims to destroy, all traditional authority. 

Youth is impatient. Communism promises a quick solution to all 
the world's ills. 

Youth is energetic, eager, daring. Communism can obviously make 
good use of such qualities. 

1803 



1804 COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 

Youth likes the secret, the conspiratorial. Communism is a con- 
spiracy. Not only membership in the party, but much of the party's 
day-to-day operations are secretive and concealed. 

Youth IS often bitter, cynical, disillusioned. Communists are eager 
to make them completely bitter, cynical, and disillusioned as far as 
the present order is concerned. 

Fmally — and this is not to its discredit — youth is not the repository 
of all wisdom. Its knowledge is limited. It has much to learn. It 
can be tricked — and communism is the world's greatest confidence 
game. Never before in history have so many tricksters and swindlers 
been brought together in one group as are now organized in the Com- 
munist movement. 

At its last National Convention, held in New York City in December 
1959, the U.S. Communist Party adopted a resolution on the subject 
of youth which stated : 

To work among youth is to work for the future. The present generation of 
youth * * * is * * * the base of the Party of the future. 

The same resolution told the Communists that they were to give 
"first attention" to infiltrating existing youth organizations and that 
the party's youth work must be "a major area of mass work." The 
resolution claimed : 

The youth membership of our Party is growing faster than that of any other 
section. 

Addressing a meeting of the National Committee of the Communist 
Party in New York City on January 20, 1961, U.S. party leader 
Gus Hall said : 

The [Communist] Party must give much higher priority for the work among 
youth in all fields of endeavor. 

Eighty-one of the world's Communist parties met in Moscow in 
November 1960. The purpose of this meeting was to plan the steps 
which, they hope, will lead to the achievement of their goal of world 
conquest. Shortly thereafter, Nikita Khnishchev made a major ad- 
dress in which he summarized and interpreted the principal decisions 
of this gathering. He said : 

The importance of working among the youth was stressed at the meeting. 
* * * the latest revolutionary manifestations in a number of countries show 
that the young people can be a powerful revolutionary force. No political 
party can so attract the youth as the Communists — the most revolutionary of 
all parties, and the youth delight in revolutionary action. 

Testifying before the House Appropriations Subcommittee in Jan- 
uary of this year, FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover warned: 

The intensified drive of the party to attract youth continues unabated. Always 
anxious to spread its venom on college campuses across the Nation, it has 
launched an all-out campaign designed to lure youth into the web of communism. 

To help capture the minds and energies of youth and bend them to 
its purposes, communism uses many devices. Immediately after the 
end of World War II, two international Communist fronts — the 
World Federation of Democratic Youth and the International Union 
of Students — were established for this purpose. Since the time of 
their formation, these organizations have been jointly sponsoring 
"World Youth Festivals for Peace and Friendship" at 2-year inter- 
vals. These festivals have brought thousands of youths from many 
lands together by capitalizing on youth's gregariousness and idealism — 



COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 1805 

and also on their natural revulsion against dying in war when they 
are just beginning to realize how much they have to live for. 

For the most part, these festivals have been held behind the Iron 
Curtain where, by careful arrangement, staging, and control, seasoned 
Commmiist manipulators have been able to use the festivals to sell 
Communist-serving policies to youth leaders from all over the world, 
win their sympathy for the Soviet Union, and inflame them against 
non-Communist nations, particularly the United States. 

The eighth such festival was held in Helsinki, Finland, last sum- 
mer — the second one to be staged outside the Iron Curtain. This 
Festival, like the seventh, which was held in Vienna in the summer 
of 1959, was attended by a U.S. delegation of several hundreds. 
Some members of the delegation were Communists, some anti-Com- 
munists, some neutralists. 

Today, on college campuses and wherever youth gathers, some 
members of this delegation are doing their best to convince the young 
people of this country that the Helsinki Festival was not a Commu- 
nist fraud, but an independent gathering of youth leaders from all 
over the world whose only interest is peace and friendship ; that the 
policies, "lines," and demands laid down at the gathering are the only 
ones which truly serve the cause of world peace and that they, there- 
fore, merit wholehearted support. Other delegation members are 
doing just the opposite. They are trying to get the truth about the 
Festival, its nature, and aims across to their fellow students and 
youth. 

The contest between these two opposing factions in the U.S. dele- 
gation to the Helsinki Festival is not something to be dismissed lightly. 
It is deadly serious. As the statements of Khrushchev, Gus Hall, and 
the U.S. Communist Party which have been quoted indicate, this is 
one of the battles that will help shape the future of this country and 
the world. 

A few years ago a great friend of this country and foe of com- 
munism. Gen. Carlos P. Eomulo, in his book, Crusade in Asia, told 
why this battle is so important. He wrote : 

In Manila, as everywhere else, the [Communists'] attack was launched upon — 
and later by — our bright young men, those to whom we were giving the best 
our country had to offer by way of education and opportunity, and from whom 
we had every reason to expect the best in return. 

******* 

Their [the Communists'] target was the intelligentsia. 

****** * 

Aim for the young, the potential leaders, the cream of our youth ! Aim for 
the good-looking, educated, intelligent, the starry-eyed ! 

This is still Communism's aim today : world youth, and the corruption of 
that youth ! And, wherever possible, the indoctrination of children ! 
******* 

I have seen the Communist * * * net * * * catch up youngsters who are under- 
privileged and have reason to protest, and others who are well provided for 
and have brilliant careers ahead. Many are well intentioned, but before they 
know it, they walk the path to treason. 

The Committee on Un-American Activities is only too familiar, 
through its investigations, research, and hearings, with the personal 
tragedies which have been visited upon American families and the 
harm which has been done to this country when young Americans, 



1806 COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 

similar to those described by General Eomulo, have fallen victim to 
Communist propaganda. 

At this point I would like to insert in the record the text of the 
committee resolution authorizing these hearings. This resolution was 
adopted imanimously at a meeting of the committee on September 26, 
1962. 

(The resolution referred to follows:) 

BE IT RESOLVED, that hearings by the Committee on Un-American Ac- 
tivities, or a duly authorized subcommittee thereof, be held in Washington, D.C., 
or such other place or places as the Chairman may determine, on such date or 
dates as the Chairman may designate, relating to Communist techniques and 
propaganda employed in the organization and conduct of the Eighth World 
Youth Festival, held in Helsinki, July 29 through August 6, 1962, the legislative 
purpose being to add to the Committee's overall knowledge on the subject so 
that Congress may be kept informed and thus prepared to enact remedial 
legislation in the national defense and for internal security, when and if the 
exigencies of the situation require it. 

The Chairman. Mr. Quinlan, will you please raise your right 
hand? 

Do you swear the testimony you are about to give will be the truth, 
the whole truth, and nothing but the truth, so help you God ? 

Mr. QtJiNLAN. Yes, sir. 

The Chairman. Proceed, Mr. Tavenner. 

TESTIMONY OF DONALD aUINLAN 

Mr. Tavenner. Will you state your name, please ? 

Mr. Quinlan. Donald Quinlan. 

Mr. Tavenner. Where do you reside ? 

Mr. Quinlan. I live in Milwaukee, Wis. I attend school at Ford- 
ham University, New York City. 

Mr. Tavenner. What is your age? 

Mr. Quinlan. Twenty. 

Mr. Tavenner. How many years have you been in attendance at 
Fordham University ? 

Mr. Quinlan. This is my third year. 

Mr. Tavenner. Mr. Quinlan, were you a delegate to the Eighth 
World Youth Festival held in Helsinki, Finland, late July and early 
August this year ? 

Mr. Quinlan. Yes, sir. 

Mr. Tavenner. Prior to your attending the Festival, did you make 
known to the Committee on Un-American Activities the fact that you 
planned to attend ? 

Mr. Quinlan. Yes, sir. I contacted the committee and kept them 
informed of my duties. 

Mr. Tavenner. I believe at that time you stated that you would be 
willing to appear before the committee and advise it of any m forma- 
tion you obtained during the course of that Festival. 

Mr. Quinlan. That is correct. 

Mr. Tavenner. Mr. Chairman, I think it would be well to state 
that the committee was surprised, the staff was surprised, to receive 
similar offers from a number of youths scattered over the United 
States. Among them was Mr. Donald J. Devine, of New York; Mr. 
Edward A. Stevens, of New York; Mr. Henry Hirschmann, of New 
York; Miss Joan P. Lawton, of New York; Mr. Oliver K. Davidson, 



COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 1807 

of Ohio; Mr. and INIrs. Donald C. Ing-els, of Minnesota; Duane C. 
Hill, also of Minnesota; and also another Avitness who is here today, 
Miss Ann Eccles, of New York. 

Mr. Quinlan, if, in the conrse of yonr testimony, you find it de- 
sirable to refer to any of yonr associates who were there, why, of 
course, you may do so. 

When did you first make contact with the United States Festival 
Connnittee, Inc. ? 

Mr. Quinlan. I believe it was in March of 19G-2, about 2 or ?> weeks 
prior to the ori<rinal deadline for application for the Festival, which 
Avas orioinally April 15. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did you become acquainted with the leadersliip of 
the United States Festival Committee ? 

Mr. QxTiNLAN, Yes, sir. Through workino- in the office, I had a 
chance to meet and work with a number of the leaders of tlie Festival 
Committee. I also had a chance to meet them later at the Festival. 

Mr. Tavenner. What do you mean, through the course of your work- 
ing in the office I 

Mr. Quinlan. Durino- the preparations for the Helsinki Festival, 
T would periodically <>o down to the office of the United States Festi- 
val Committee and perform various functions that they had, such as 
mailinof, typing out names, and the other routine work that was in- 
volved in preparino- for the Festival. 

The Chair]man. Where was the headquarters located? 

Mr. Quinlan. I believe 460 Park Avenue South, in New York City. 

The Chairman. "\Anio was in charge ? 

Mr. Quinlan. Normally IMr. INIichael Myerson of the United States 
Festival Committee, but he was away from the office for the most i^art. 
It was usually taken care of either by ]Mr. Norman Berkowitz, of New 
York, or Bert Weinstein, of New York City. 

Mr. Tavenner. Will you give us the names of the persons who con- 
stituted the leadership of the United States Festival Committee? 

Mr. Quinlan. Yes, sir. I am taking these names from a sheet sent 
out by the United States Festival Committee that was on the letter- 
head that was printed. These ])eople are listed as follows: The board 
of directors consisted of Michael Tigar, West Coast; Richard Prosten, 
Middle West; Norman Berkowitz, East Coast. 

Mr. Tavenner. You had better spell the names. 

Mr. Quinlan. Michael T-i-g-a-r. Richard Prosten, P-r-o-s-t-e-n. 
Norman Berkowitz, B-e-r-k-o-w-i-t-z. 

The adminstrative board consisted of Michael Myerson, M-y-e-r- 
s-o-n, who was chairman and executive secretary. 

Bert Weinstein, W-e-i-n-s-t-e-i-n, who is assistant executive secre- 
tary. 

Miss Alix Dobkin, D-o-b-k-i-n, program coordinator. 

Barbara Rabinowitz, R-a-b-i-n-o-w-i-t-z, who is public relations di- 
rector. 

Norman Berkowitz, B-e-r-k-o-w-i-t-z, financial director. 

The national advisoiy board, a partial list, consisted of Peter 
Brownstone, graduate student, member of Student-Faculty Court, 
University of Chicago. 

Kenneth Cloke, National Student Association delegate, representa- 
tive-at-large to executive committee, at Berkeley campus of Univer- 
sity of California. 

ni25G— 62 5 



1808 coivmuNiST youth activities 

Ronald Dorfman, chairman of Midwest Student Civil Liberties 
Coordin atino- Committee. 

Leonard Friedman, student body president of University of Chicao-o. 

Joe Johnson, founder, former president of NAACP at Hunter Col- 
lege. 

David Levey, student body vice president of University of Chicago. 

Jim McDonald, entertainer. 

Jeff Madder, community councilman at Antioch College, national 
councilman, Student Peace Union. 

Jeffrey Segal, president, Roosevelt University student body ; NSA 
delegate ; chairman, Student Activities Board. 

Alan Steinberg, former member of executive committee of Student 
Government, CCNY. 

Mitchell Vogel, NSA delegate; chairman. Students for Democratic 
Rights; member, executive committee of Student Government, Roo- 
sevelt University, Chicago. 

INIichael Tigar, Student Government, member executive committee, 
Assoc. Students; former president of SLATE at Berkeley campus of 
University of California ; broadcaster. 

Richard Prosten, NSA coordinator at Roosevelt University. 

Michael IMyerson, former president of SLATE at the Berkeley 
campus of University of California. 

Bert Weinstein, member of two student-faculty committees; for- 
mer chairman of the Student Government Civil Liberties Committee, 
NSA delegate, CCNY. 

Miss Alix Dobkin, student body president of the Tyler School of 
Art, Temple University. 

Barbara Rabinowitz, associate editor, former editor in chief of 
Ohservation Post, CCNY. 

Norman Berkowitz, founder, former chairman of SANE at Hunter 
College. 

Mr. Tavenner. Mr. Quinlan, of the leadership of this group identi- 
fied by you, whom would you consider were the principal leaders? 

Mr. Quinlan. At the Festival itself, Mr. Myerson, in an inter- 
delegation meeting with the Soviet Union, identified the troika of the 
Festival as himself, Michael Tigar, and Richard Prosten. 

In addition, a number of people took an active role in the organiza- 
tion of the Festival Committee. They would include Norman Berk- 
owitz, Bert Weinstein, Barbara Rabinowitz, and Paul Rosenstein. 

(At this point Mr. Johansen left the hearing room.) 

Mr. Tavenner. You have given the organizational identification of 
various persons who were active in this group. Does that appear on 
the letterhead or was that identification made by you? 

Mr. Quinlan. This is identification which appears on the letter- 
head. 

Mr. Tavenner. Now, will you tell the committee, please, describe as 
well as you can, the activities of the leaders that you mentioned, par- 
ticularly the troika that you referred to, prior to the Festival in Hel- 
sinki, and the activities in this country before the Festival was under- 
way? 

Mr. Quinlan. Prior to the Festival itself, I was familiar, of 
course, only with Michael Myerson of New York. However, I heard 
through conversations with others of Mr. Tigar and Mr. Prosten. 



COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 18U9 

The activities which I noticed that they engaged in inckided the 
usnal activities of mailing and so on, receiving applications. In ad- 
dition, Mr. Myerson took tours in which he attempted to recruit 
delegates, and during the course of which he would debate on the 
Festival and defend the Festival. 

In the New York office, the members of the Festival Connuittee 
were active in raising money through personal solicitation, in interest- 
ing people in contributing to the Festival through various programs, 
which included a jazz concert and a meeting with a person from the 
FLN in xllgeria and from Ghana, and at this meeting an attempt w^as 
made to raise funds and to interest people in the Festival. 

Mr. Tavenner. Was there any type of screening done as far as 
you know by this group as to those who would be solicited to attend 
the Festival ? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. I know through friends, and Miss Eccles is a better 
source for this, that a number of people were rejected or refused ac- 
ceptance before the deadline was reached, before the full number 
of delegates was reached, rather. 

Tlie Chairman. Who recommended the people to attend the 
Festival ? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. I have no idea. However, one of the reasons for the 
difficulty in this was that the applications to the Festival Committee 
were not kept in the committee office but, instead, were kept in the 
charge of Norman Berkowitz, and that whatever selection process, if 
there was any, it would be impossible to determine by association 
at the office. We can determine only by the effects on people that 
we loiow. 

I am thinking in particular of Mr. Devine, who was mentioned 
earlier, who applied and was refused acceptance, and even though 
he applied before Miss Eccles did, who later was accepted into the 
delegation. She can give you further details on this. 

(At this point Mr. Schadeberg entered the hearing room.) 

Mr. QuiNLAN. The reason Mr. Devine was refused acceptance in 
the delegation is that he has been prominent in his activities in the 
Young Americans for Freedom and was known as such in New York 
at the time he applied. 

Mr. Tavenner. You stated that the list of those enrolled was 
kept secret by Mr. Berkowitz, who kept it in his own private custody. 

Mr. QuiNLAN. Yes. When I asked him whether or not I had signed 
my application — as a matter of fact, I did not — he had to wait several 
days until he could go home, pick up the application, and bring it 
to the office when I was scheduled to come down. At one time when 
I failed to show up, when I ordinarily would come, he took the appli- 
cation home rather than leave it in the office during the period. 

Mr. Tavenner. Now, the committee, through its investigations, 
knows of a meeting held in Chicago in 1961 which was called the 
founding conference of the United States Festival Committee, that 
is, the Eighth World Youth Festival Committee. Did you attend 
that conference? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. No, sir. 

Mr. Tavenner. The committee in executive session, held in Los 
Angeles in April of this year, had a witness before it by the name of 
Paul Rosenstein, R-o-s-e-n-s-t-e-i-n. That testimony has not yet been 
made public, but in the course of that testimony the committee learned 



1810 COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTI\'ITIES 

that Paul Rosenstein had attended, along with a person by the name 
of Marco Schneck, this conference which was held in Chicago. 

Did you have occasion, after going to Helsinki, to become ac- 
quainted with Paul Rosenstein or Marco Schneck ? 

Mr. QiTiNLAX. I had several occasions to become acquainted with 
Rosenstein. As a matter of fact, we were in the same room in dele- 
gation quarters in Helsinki. 

Mr. Tavenner. Mr. Chairman, I think I should advise that Rosen- 
stein refused to answer any questions relating to his part in the found- 
ing conference of the Festival in Chicago, relying upon the fifth 
amendment as the reason for his refusal to answer. 

Xow, was there an international organization which was known 
as tlie International Preparatory (\)nnnittee? 

Mr. QuiXLAX. Yes, sir. 

Mr. Tavenner. What was the function of that connnittee ? 

]\Ir. QiTixLAX. As far as we can tell, to run the Festival. It took 
charge of meetings, seminars, organization tickets, organizations, 
delegation headquarters, and so on. 

Mr. Tavenner. Do you know whether this International Prepara- 
tory Committee recognized the I^.S. leadership in Helsinki of the 
persons you have identified here ? 

Mr. QuiNLAN, Yes, sir. For all practical purposes, all business 
with the International Preparatory Committee was handled through 
the peo]:)le I mentioned. An instance I have in mind — wlien one of 
the delegates lost her pass, a replacement was obtained only by going 
through the delegation leadership to the International Preparatory 
Committee. 

In other matters, the IPC conferred a number of times with the 
troika, as they have been identified, and certain other members that 
I cited as being the leadership of the U.S. delegation. 

Mr. Tavenner. Who were the three persons who were considered 
as the troika ? 

Mr. QriNLAN. Mr. Myerson, Mr. Prosten, and Mr. Tigar. 

Mr. Tavenner. How was the U.S. group organized after arriving 
in Helsinki ? 

Mr.QuiNLAN. The organization was something that seemed to be 
defective. It revolved around the officers and the people who would 
take charge of various committees. These people would be informed 
and the rest of the delegation was kept in the dark for the most part. 
The organization would run on the order of Mr. Myerson, Mr. Pros- 
ten, and Mr. Tigar uiaking most of tlie decisions, handing them out 
through Mr. Alan Rabinowitz, Mr. Berkowitz, Mr. Weinstein, Mr. 
Rosenstein, and a number of other people. 

Mr. Tavenner. When you mentioned Mr. Rosenstein, is that Mr. 
Paul Rosenstein, the person to Avhom I referred ? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. That is right, sir. 

Mr. Tavenner. What other fmictions did Mr. Rosenstein perform 
as far as you know during the Festival ? 

Mr. QiTiNLAN, I know at one time that he was in charge of arrang- 
ing for peo])le to sit at the desk to check delegates' identification and, 
in addition, to take custody of the list of delegates which was used 
to check for room numbers, whetlier or not these people had paid for 
a night at the Festival headquarters prior to the opening of tlie Fes- 



COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 1811 

tival, and the people who had actually registered for the Festival, so 
that his position was one of keeping a watch on this list and a watch 
on the delegates coming into the school. 

Mr. Tavenner. How were decisions made or arrived at which af- 
fected the entire U.S. group of delegates ? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. I have no idea how they were arrived at. I know 
only they were nonsource, without consulting any members of the 
delegation. 

Mr. Tavenner. They were customarily announced by whom ? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. By Mr. Myerson at meetings, Mr. Tigar on the loud- 
speaker, or other members if they weren't present. 

Mr. Tavenner. The committee would be anxious to learn just how 
this Festival was oriented in its approach to questions of national 
interest. 

Mr. QuiNLAN. The entire Festival ? 

Mr. Tavenner. Yes, the Festival as a whole. 

Mr. QuiNLAN. It can be summed up in a few words. The best two 
would be "Hate America." The orientation of almost every seminar 
and meeting, interdelegation meeting, and so on, would be "Down with 
the imperialist U.S.," "Down with neocolonialism," "Down with 
American and Federal colonialism," occasionally varied by charges 
of "German militarism, aided and abetted by the U.S." 

In addition, not only were the seminars in the various obviously 
political meetings so oriented to throw a bad light on the Western 
countries, particularly the United States, but even such things as 
cultural programs were so arranged that the Western countries, with 
their amateur groups, would be in sharp contrast to the Communist 
countries who came with professional groups, with well-trained peo- 
ple, who in addition were generally given more time on the program, 
so that the effect was to give the "obvious superiority" of the Eastern 
countries in cultural events. 

Mr. Tavenner. Now that brings us to this question : I have before 
me literature which apparently was issued and distributed in this 
country prior to the Festival. I am looking at Fact Sheet No. 2 of 
the United States Festival Committee. I quote this : 

Similarly, on the political level (wliir-h, incidentally is increasingly becoming 
deempha sized as compared with the cultural), exchange takes the form of sem- 
inars on specific problems, larger gatherings on general questions, inter-delega- 
tion meetings in which, for example, the American participants may invite the 
Cuban, French, and Indian delegations to meet in an exchange of ideas. Fin- 
ally, there is the personal exchange. For those who do not care to attend some 
or many of the organized events, they may instead choose to sit and talk the 
day away with newfound friends and acquaintances or have beer Matches as 
their schedules allow. 

Now, that is an indication that this Festival was going to be held 
on a highly democratic level. To what extent were you permitted to 
carry out the views expressed in the document I have just read? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. First of all, the point of view of deemphasis of 
politics would be considered only as far as, if not a deliberate lie. The 
theme of politics, as I pointed out earlier, ran through cultural events, 
seminars, and every possible means of propaganda while at the 
Festival. 

As for personal exchange, this was made extremely difficult due to 
the fact that the delegations were located at points either quite far 
outside the city or on ships in the harbor, onto which the delegates 



1812 COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 

would not be permitted unless they were coming on by personal invita- 
tion or with a delegation, so that person-to-person contacts, particu- 
larly with Communist countries, were very severely limited. 

The interdelegation meetings were generally so highly organized, 
with the exception of an hour or half hour, that person-to-person con- 
tacts were extremely difficult and the greatest part of it would be 
taken up with official speeches made by people appointed by the chair- 
men of the delegations, and this applies, as well, to the American 
delegation. 

So that although there was a chance to meet delegates from other 
countries and carry on a person-to-person discussion, this was a very 
limited aspect of the Festival due to the arrangements there. 

]\Ir. Tavenner. The inference from the data which I have read in- 
dicates that there would be fair opportunity for delegations to have 
equal time on the issues involved; that is, equal time between the pro- 
Communist, the non-Communist, and anti-Communist delegations' 
speakers before the bodies. Did that, in fact, exist or not ? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. Quite to the contrary, there was no question of equal 
tim.e. The greatest question was whether the pro- Western delegations 
would have any representation at all. 

One of the main reasons for this was that the speakers were ar- 
ranged beforehand, often through the delegation chairmen, who were 
sympathetic toward the orientation of the Festival generally to com- 
munism. When people did attempt to present points in favor of the 
United States or its Western allies, they were either not permitted to 
speak or, if they were, generally limited to a few minutes. 

In addition, people such as the free Hungarian youth, who showed 
up in force at the Festival, were refused permission to speak at the 
Festival because they did not have the approval of their govern- 
ment, while at the same time exiles from Spain, who obviously did not 
have the approval of the Spanish Government, were given positions on 
the. program and given full speeches. There was no question of ade- 
quate time given to pro-Western views at any of these seminars. 

Mr. Tavenner. Then would you consider that the programs were 
loaded against the Western World ? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. With the exception of one free forum which was 
held on the last day of the Festival and for which signs were pub- 
lished only in English and for which the Soviet press showed up in 
force, with this one exception, which was a fairly free debate, it was 
almost entirely limited to a repetition of various "Hate America" 
themes, "Down with American imperialism," and that the pro-West- 
ern and anti-Communist speaker was the exception to the rule. 

In addition, when people did speak on this position, they had a 
great deal of interference from the audience, had much of their time 
taken up with handclapping, boos, and other interruptions which 
would break the trend of thought and make it very difficult for them 
to speak. 

Mr. Tavenner. At the opening and the closing ceremonies were 
political slogans displayed by various delegations as part of the 
program ? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. Yes, sir. At both the opening and closing ceremonies 
we noticed a number of political slogans. One of them was "No more 
Hiroshimas." Another one was "Close down all military bases on 
foreign soil." I have a picture of this in the closing-day parade which 



COMMtJNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 



1813 



I took myself of the Dutch delegation carrying this sign in English. 

At the closing-day parade a number of students attempted to carry 
signs "No more Soviet tests." These signs were forcibly removed 
from the parade as told to us by Mr. Hans Litek, an anti-Communist 
delegate from New York who saw, and took a picture of, Mr. Jean 
Garcias, a French Communist, who physically removed these signs 
from the delegates who were carrying them in the parade, so that the 
so-called nonpolitical signs "No more Hiroshimas," "Close down mili- 
tary bases on foreign soil," were allowed, and "No more Soviet tests" 
were not allowed in the parade. 

Mr. Tavenner. May I introduce this photograph as an exhibit and 
we will reproduce it and return the original to you ? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. Yes, sir. 

Mr. Tavenner. May the photograph be marked Quinlan Exhibit 
No. 1? 

(Docmnent marked "Quinlan Exhibit No. 1" follows:) 

Quinlan Exhibit No. 1 




Mr. Tavenner. Were there any bannei^s permitted calling upon the 
Soviets to cease atomic testing ? 

Mr. Quinlan. No, sir. As I stated before, they were removed from 
the parades. 

Mr. Tavenner. And not permitted to be returned ? 



1814 COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 

Mr. QuiNLAN. That is correct. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did that apply also as to any banners relating to 
the Berlin wall ? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. I am not familiar with any banners that were pointed 
out. 

(At this point Mr. Johansen entered the hearing room.) 

Mr. Tavenner. You have spoken of the difficulty of non-Commu- 
nists to adequately express their views at seminai-s. Now, were the 
non- Communists prepared to express their views on issues of that 
kind? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. Yes, sir A number of them had prepared skeleton 
outlines of speeches that they wanted to make at each of the seminars. 
They were not permitted to present these speeches or, if they were, 
it was only by an organized effort on the part of the Americans. 

I am referring to a speech by Mr. Barney Frank made at one of 
the seminars wliich was arranged only by the cooperation of anti- 
Communists who represented a majority of the Americans present at 
the seminar. 

Also, Mr. Donald Ingels, who was mentioned earlier, attempted to 
speak at a seminar on education. He is a teacher, himself. He was 
not permitted to do so. 

Mr. Tavenner. Now, is there a distinction to be made between 
efforts on the part of delegates from the AVestern Powers to make 
speeches and an opportunity by delegates to express opposition to ques- 
tions raised by the pro-Soviet world ? I mean by that, was there the 
same restriction or inability to express views of opposition as to making 
speeches ? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. The best example I can think of the way this was 
brought out was in a seminar when a Canadian delegate spoke in a 
generally anti-Soviet position. After his speech the Chinese Com- 
munists were permitted to give a 2-minute rebuttal. Later in the 
same seminar, when an American girl attempted to give a rebuttal to 
anti- American propaganda, she was refused the floor and was not 
permitted to speak at all. So that the privilege of rebuttal was 
strictly a one-way street in this particular seminar. 

(At this point Mr. Bruce entered the hearing room.) 

Mr. Tavenner. You made reference to Bernard Frank's inability 
to answer certain matters, if I understood you correctly. 

Mr. QuiNLAN. No, this was another American girl who attempted 
to answer. I am not familiar with her identity. Now tliat you men- 
tioned it, Mr. Frank, later in the seminar in which he did speak, 
attempted to get a rebuttal immediately after the Chinese Commu- 
nists, or a short period afterward ; he also was refused this privilege. 

Mr. Tavenner. Was Frank denied the privilege of answering be- 
cause of any loss of control of the forum ? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. At this particular time, no. 

Mr. Tavenner. Were there occasions when control of the forum 
was lost ? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. Very definitely. 

Mr. Tavenner. Tell us the results. Tell us how that worked. 

Mr. QuiNLAN. At one point, in an earlier free forum, there was con- 
siderable disagreement expressed and, in order to give the Communist 
countries a majority again, a call went out to the Soviet and Polish 
delegates and several busloads of delegates arrived at the forum and 



COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 1815 

again brought the majority of the forum into the proper Communist 
bloc. As a result, the forum was quieted down. Later at the free 
forum held on the last day, when a number of anti-Soviet, pro- Ameri- 
can speeches were made, the Soviet delegate threatened to do the same 
thing again. 

(At this point Mr. Tuck entered the hearing room.) 

Mr. Tavenner. So that when matters seemed to get out of control, 
the pro-Soviet Festival leadership made efforts to stack the meet- 
ing, in plain words ? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. Yes, that is correct. 

Mr. Tavenner. Now, in the light of that treatment wliich you have 
described, was any position taken by the leadership of the U.S. dele- 
gation in the way of objection to that curtailment of freedom of 
speech ? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. No, sir. The only reaction that I noticed on the part 
of the American leadership was surprise that Americans wanted to 
express an anti- Soviet view and that they made no attempt to arrange 
for a full expression of the anti- Communist, pro- American view which 
was represented in small part in the delegation. 

Mr. Tavenner. Was any effort made by the recognized leadership 
of the U.S. delegation to obtain extra time at seminars and forums for 
the U.S. delegates? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. No. 

Mr. Tavenner. Mr. Quinlan, during the committee's inquiry into 
the Seventh World Youth Festival held in Vienna, Austria, in 1959, 
the committee learned that the membership of the International Pre- 
paratory Committee for the Seventh World Youth Festival was con- 
trolled by members of the Communist Party from different parts of 
the world. 

Did you learn from any public sources of the Communist affiliation 
of members of the International Preparatory Committee for the 
Eighth World Youth Festival ? 

Mr. Quinlan. Yes, sir. The public source I am referring to is the 
Helsinki Youth News, which was published in three languages during 
the period of the Festival. I might note, from our own experience 
with speeches and other events in the Festival, this paper proved to be 
reliable, in fact, very close to the original wording of the speeches, but 
they gave this rundown of the membership of the Preparatory Com- 
mittee and I will read this to you : 

Behind the well-publicized International Preparatory Committee, roughly a 
score of individuals carry the main burden of running this Festival. Their names 
are listed below. 

These individuals come from a variety of backgrounds. While the majority 
are members of their national Communist Parties, some come from other political 
organizations. Two-thirds are from Europe. The great majority have been 
active in the International Union of Students (lUS), with headquarters in 
Prague; or in the World Federation of Democratic Youth (WFDY), located in 
Budapest. 

Otto Ingemar Andersson — Sweden. A Communist journalist and former mem- 
ber of the editorial board of World Youth, the journal of WFDY, Andersson has 
had prior experience in organizing such events. He is a member of the Permanent 
Commission (PC) of the Helsinki Festival. 

Ritva Arvelo — Finland. Actor who has traveled widely in the Soviet Union 
and Communist China. Arvelo is a member of the PC and one of the prime 
movers of the Finnish Festival Committee. 

Maria Bariona — Italy. A member of the Nenni Socialist Party at the time of 
the Vienna Festival. Bariona violated a party request against official Festival 



1816 COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 

participation by his membership on the Vienna PC. He is again participating 
in that capacity this year. 

Bedrich Baroch — Czechoslovakia. A Communist and representative of the 
Czech Youth Union at the WFDY Secretariat in Budapest, Baroch has been a 
functionary of the Press and Information Department of the WFDY. He is a 
member of the PC of the Eighth Festival. 

Maria Theresa Cabello — Spain. A member of the PC for the Helsinki Festi- 
val, Miss Cobello is a Communist vi'ho has been living in recent years in Budapest 
and working in the WFDY headquarters. 

Jose Bezerra Cavalcante — Brazil, Chairman of the Student Commission for 
the Helsinki Festival, Cavalcante is a representative of the National Union of 
Students of Brazil (UNEB). He has been frequent delegate to lUS functions 
in recent years. 

Vladislav O. Chevchenko (sometimes also spelled Shevshenko) — USSR. 
Long active in Soviet youth affairs, Chevchenko currently is Deputy of Youth 
Organizations (CYO) of the USSR. Previously he had worked for several years 
in the WFDY Secretariat and was active in preparations for the Warsaw, Mos- 
cow and Vienna Festivals. He is again serving on the PC for the Eighth 
Festival. 

Lubomir Kirolov Dramaliev — Bulgaria. A Bulgarian Communist Party 
member and son of Bulgaria's ambassador to East Germany, the 37-year-old 
Dramaliev has been a member of the JUS Secretariat since 1957. 

Christian Echard — France. Long-time member and ofBcial of the Communist 
youth organization of France, Echard became Secretary General of WFDY in 
August 1957. He participated in the Constitutive Assembly which established 
the International Preparatory Committee (IPC) for the Vienna Festival and 
traveled extensively on its behalf. He is a member of the PC. 

Domino Gilberto Elem — Argentina. Representative of the Argentine National 
Union of Students (FUA), Elem is a member of the twelve man liaison com- 
mittee with special emphasis on Latin American participation. 

Jean Gurcias — France. As Secretary General of the Vienna PC, Gareias was 
probably the most important public figure connected with the Seventh Festival. 
He is serving in the same position in Helsinki. A 37-year-old French Commu- 
nist official, he worked at WFDY headquarters for five years prior to being sent 
to Vienna in April 1958 to take charge of preparations for that Festival. 

Ian Gorniclci — Poland. An old hand in the youth movement, Gornicki's con- 
nections date back to 1949 when he was an activist of the "Union of Fighting 
Youth." 

Thomas Michael Jala — Canada. A former official of the Communist Youth of 
Canada, Jala has been active in WFDY and a member of the editorial board of 
its organ, World Youth. He is serving on the PC for the Eighth Festival. 

Victor Kinecki — Poland. Kinecki has been head of the foreign department of 
the Polish WFDY affiliate since 1955 and was involved in the Vienna Festival 
preparations from the out.set. 

Boris Fvanovitch Konovalov — U.S.S.R. Representative of the Student Council 
of the Committee of Youth Organizations of the U.S.S.R. A frequent contributor 
to the World Student News, the magazine of the lUS. 

Giinovidjoje Margono — Indonesia. One of the Vice Presidents of WFDY, Mar- 
gono is serving on the PC for the Helsinki Festival. He is also the leader of the 
Indonesian delegation to the Festival. 

Jiri Pclikav — Czechoslovakia. Currently President of the lUS, Pelikan has 
headed that organization since 1953. His experience in youth affairs dates back 
even further to 1948 when he was President of the Central Union of Czechoslovak 
Students and at the same time was the Communist Party's deputy from Prague 
in the Czech Parliament. 

The Chairman. How old was this youth you just mentioned ? 

Mr. QuTNLAN. I am not familiar with his age. His experience in 
youth affairs as president of the Central Union g:oes back to 1948. I 
presume lie was at least 21 at the time, so this would place him as a 
fairly old youth. Incidentally, several other people have been men- 
tioned who were 37 years old. 

The Chairman. After reading this list of their years of affiliation, 
it would seem to me that probably you and the young lady from the 
United States were the only youths who were there. 

Mr. QuiNLAN. At times we had that feeling. 



COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 1817 

Piero Pieralli — Italy. An official of the Italian Communist Youth Organiza- 
tion, Pieralli was elected President of the World Federation of Democratic 
Youth, In that capacity he has played a prominent role in every phase of the 
preparations for the Helsinki Festival. 

Dr. Djayeng Suros — Indonesia. A leader of the Indonesia Communist youth 
group, Suros has worked in WFDY headquarters since July 1957. He was a 
member of the Vienna PC and is serving in the same capacity for the Helsinki 
Festival. 

This particular list of people in the Preparatory Committee was 
printed twice in the Helsinki Youth News. The quotation which I 
read was from the August 6, 1962, edition. 

Mr. Tavenner. I desire to offer the document in evidence and ask 
that it be marked Quinlan Exhibit No. 2. 

(Document marked "Quinlan Exhibit No. 2" and retained in com- 
mittee files.) 

Mr. Tavenner. Mr. Quinlan, how did the people of Finland, so 
far as you can determine, react to the Festival? How did they re- 
ceive you as a delegate ? 

Mr. Quinlan. As a delegate, the reaction was almost invariably 
hostile. This was exhibited from the opening day of the parade to 
the end of the Festival. It was a known fact in the Festival delega- 
tion ; as a matter of fact, it was announced that delegates should not 
go into the center of town late at night. It was a custom among dele- 
gates who did go into town to take off any Festival buttons, to remove 
any identification with the Festival. In addition, speaking with 
various Finns who recognized me as an anti- Communist, they said 
that the Finnish people, with the exception of the Communists, were 
very much opposed to the Festival and to its presence in Helsinki. 
Some of the ways in which this was shown was the misdirecting of 
various Festival delegates. One time while I was wearing my Fes- 
tival buttons I asked for directions to a post office. I ended up walk- 
ing through the middle of the woods. This was not an isolated ex- 
ample. Several other people were also given the wrong directions. 
These are some of the ways in which the Finns expressed their oppo- 
sition to the Festival and its members. 

Mr. Tavenner. What was the type of coverage given the Festival 
by the Finnish press ? 

Mr. Quinlan. With the exception of the Communist newspaper 
Kansan Uutiset., with the exception of this newspaper, it was com- 
plete silence on the part of the press. Beforehand there was ex- 
pressed opposition on the part of the press, including a survey of the 
Finnish people. During the Festival itself there was almost a com- 
plete blackout — so much so that the International Press Committee 
attempted to buy an advertisement in a number of papers to advertise 
and bring out the schedule of events in the Festival. 

Mr. Tavenner. You mean they could not get coverage of news 
items concerning the Festival in the non-Communist press without 
taking ads to do it? 

Mr. Quinlan. That is right. 

Mr. Tavenner. Now the one paper that you mentioned, did you 
mean to say that that was a Communist newspaper ? 

Mr. Quinlan. Yes, sir. That was the organ of the Finnish Com- 
munist Party. 

Mr. Tavenner. As the Festival progressed, did the delegates re- 
ceive literature of any type prepared for their use ? 



1818 COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 

Mr. QuiNLAN. Yes, sir, they did. In the American delegation a 
literature table was put out on which supposedly anyone could put 
literature that they wanted to distribute to the Festival delegates. 
I have a few examples of the literature that the American delegation 
distributed at the Festival. It included New Horizons for Youih^ 
a number of issues of PYOC (Progressive Youth Organizing Com- 
mittee) Newsletter^ Young Socialist^ and Progressive Labor. Pam- 
phlets of the Citizens Committee for Constitutional Liberties, the Com- 
mittee To Secure Justice for Morton Sobell, and the Committee To 
Aid the Monroe Defendants. In addition, two pamphlets. The Rape 
of the First Amendment and Job Problems of Youth. 

An example of this is an issue of New Horizons for Youth in the 
summer of 1962, which displays a picture series on the slums of New 
York. This was the presentation that New Horizons for Youth 
was giving of America at the Festival. There was an attempt to put 
anti-Communist literature onto the pamphlet table. However, we 
noticed that this literature disappeared in ratios which suggested it 
was being picked up and removed from the table, not by individual 
delegates, but on orders of the troika to keep it from the delegates. 

Mr. Tavenner. Will you let me see those documents for a moment ? 

One of the documents which you mentioned was New Horizons for 
Youth. Mr. Chairman, I think the record should show that the com- 
mittee's investigation shows that this is published by the Youth 
Commission of the Communist Party. 

You mentioned that the efforts made to put non-Communist litera- 
ture on this table appeared not to be successful. Do you know the 
reason for that ? Do you know how the documents disappeared from 
the table? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. I did not see them removed. However, we had sev- 
eral cases in which they disappeared shortly after being placed on 
the table. 

Mr. TA\rENNER. Now is there anything else you desire to state which 
you think would be of interest and of help to the committee? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. I would like to state that the Americans who at- 
tended the Helsinki Youth Festival were not a representative group, 
by any means, of political opinion in the United States. The anti- 
Communist group was very much outnumbered. 

To give an example of the impression that these people made on the 
Festival as a whole, there was one incident which occurred when a 
stink bomb was thrown into the Swiss anti-Festival exhibit. One of 
the Swiss was heard to remark, "You would think the entire American 
delegation walked through here in their bare feet." 

All during the Festival the Americans were laughed at, because 
they were largely of the beatnik type. 

The Chairman. Was that true only of the American delegation? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. With the possible exception of the Communists, that 
would be true only of the Americans. As a rule, the delegates were 
fairly well dressed and the Americans showed a striking contrast to the 
rest of the delegates in the Festival. 

The Chairman. Do you know who paid the expenses of the 
delegates ? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. I am not aware of any means of payment. However, 
there is some question as to one girl, who was conversing with Joan 
Lawton, I believe, and the question came up as to how she came to the 



COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 1819 

Festival, and it appeared that the girl had saved money from a New 
York State scholarship to pay her way to the Festival. This was the 
same girl who expressed her desire to live in Cuba because she didn't 
like the conditions in the United States, 

Mr. Bruce. From what scholarship ? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. New York State. I believe Miss Eccles has a further 
explanation of this. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did you have an opportunity to tour the Soviet 
Union after the Festival ? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. Yes, sir, I did. Leaving a day late we toured from 
Leningrad to Moscow and exited through Czechoslovakia. 

Mr. Tavenner. I am not certain whether I gave you a full oppor- 
tunity to express any other point that you desired to raise. 

Mr. QuiNLAN. Yes, sir. 

Mr. Tavenner. Were you given freedom in travel ? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. In travel, no. However, once we were in the cities 
we were generally allowed to move about. However, both of the 
hotels we stayed at were quite removed from the city so that it involved 
considerable difficulty for any Americans who wanted to travel on 
their own. Also it meant an additional expense due to the fact that 
the meals were at the hotel and the Americans M'ould have to buy their 
own meals in the Soviet restaurants. As a result, travel was somewhat 
limited. It was further limited by frequent meetings which were 
called, often accomplishing nothing. This was especially irritating in 
Moscow when the visas for exiting from the Soviet Union were not 
made available to the delegates until the day that the people left who 
exited through Poland and the day before departure to the people who 
exited through Czechoslovakia. These meetings were called at various 
times throughout the day and everyone had to attend. This, of course, 
curtailed any travel through the cities that would require any time. 
Although we were given technical freedom of travel, it was greatly 
restricted by the problems of location, of expense for our meals, and 
of meetings. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did you have an opportunity to meet with and 
discuss matters with citizens of the Soviet Union ? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. We had one or two occasions in which we had dis- 
cussions with people in the Soviet Union but, by and large, it was ex- 
tremely difficult due to language difficulties and the problem of just 
meeting them. The people that we did meet as part of the tour were 
members of the Komsomol, the Young Communist League, and did 
not give a representative feeling of the Soviet Union, at least as I 
believe the Soviet people would be. 

Mr. Tavenner. Do you have any impressions of the Soviet Union 
you would like to discuss ? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. Perhaps not my own impressions, but the impres- 
sions of the delegates who went there from the Festival would be more 
interesting. When we crossed the Finnish border, a round of cheering 
went through the train that we were now in the motherland of the 
Socialists, so to speak. But during the course of our tour through the 
Soviet Union quite a number of the delegates became disillusioned with 
the Soviet Union, with the backwardness of the country, with the 
poverty, the inefficiency of the bureaucratic measures there, and the 
Soviet Union in general. Others, however, refused to see anything 
but the good that was present in the Soviet Union and would close 



1820 COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 

their eyes to anything that would reflect poorly on the Soviets, such 
as the nets to catch the falling bricks which one person insisted did not 
exist and yet I have a picture of them, taken with my camera from 
the bus which was made available to us. 

I would also like to add that throughout the Soviet Union the Festi- 
val participants were given special treatment. In particular, we no- 
ticed that wherever we went there were a number of banners "Welcome 
to the delegates to the Eighth Youth Festival." A reception was 
given to us at Vyborg, a border town of the Soviet Union. De- 
spite the fact that we were a day late coming in from the Festival, the 
reception was held in the town. During our period of stay in the 
Soviet Union, we had meetings with the Young Communist League, 
arranged for us by the people in charge of the tour. The meetings 
could be characterized as little more than indoctrination. 

The meeting held in Leningrad was not as bad as the one held in 
Moscow. In Moscow the program lasted for an hour and a half or 
2 hours, and except for one or two speakers who spoke in English the 
entire program was in Russian or a language foreign to English. 
The American delegates, wlio were the guests, had to sit through hours 
of speeches, not knowing what was being said and having no one but 
themselves to speak to. My overall impression was that we were being 
put on parade for the Young Communist League. 

Mr. Tavenner. Do you know how many delegates there were to the 
Festival from the United States ? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. Approximately 440. 

Mr. Tavenner. Do you have a list of the names of the delegates 
from the United States ? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. Yes, sir. I happen to have a copy of a list which I 
believe I referred to earlier as a list of all participants, their room 
numbers, their bed numbers, and whether or not they paid for an extra 
night's stay in Helsinki. This was the only list which was available 
to the Festival participants. 

Mr. Tavenner. Would you permit the staff of the committee to make 
use of that ? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. Pardon me. I said to the Festival participants — I 
meant to the Festival leadership. 

Mr. Tavenner. We will return it to you. 

I have no further questions, Mr. Chairman. 

The Chairman. Are there any questions from members of the 
committee ? 

Mr. Schadeberg. I have two questions I would like to ask. Was 
there any indication that any delegates from the United States ques- 
tioned the self-appointed authority for those in command to speak 
for them ? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. To my knowledge there wasn't any. 

Mr. Schadeberg. They were accepted ? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. It would be impossible to work with the Interna- 
tional Preparatory Committee, which was in charge of such things 
as tickets for seminars, and so on. So an obstacle was set up to do any- 
thing but comply with the leadership. 

Mr. Schadeberg. I noticed one of the pamphlets, TTie Rape of the 
First ATnendment. 

Mr. QuiNLAN. Yes, sir. 

Mr. Schadeberg. Was that on the literature table at the Festival ? 



COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 1821 

Mr. QuiNixAN. Yes, sir. 

Mr. ScHADEBERG. On what basis do you think that would be of any 
interest to the rest of the delegates from other countries ? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. This was on the literature table for the American 
group. It was made available to Americans. 

Mr. ScHADEBERG. Was there literature from other countries on the 
American section or table ? 

Mr. QrriNLAN. No, there was none. 

Mr. JoHANSEN. I have one question. 

You said there were some 400 American delegates ? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. Yes, sir. 

Mr. JoHANSEN. I have had to be in and out of this hearing, and 
you may have covered this point, but have you any idea as to what pro- 
portion of that total number was unsympathetic to the Communist 
philosophy or program ? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. My own estimate, which several people who attended 
the Festival have agreed with, is that approximately one fifth was 
anti-Communist ; perhaps another two fifths a leftist, pacifist group ; 
and the other two fifths being very much in sympathy with the line 
of anti- Americanism which was given out at the Festival. 

Mr. JoHANSEN. Were there a considerable number of older "young" 
people among the American group ? 

Mr. Qtjinlan. There were a number of people who brought their 
children along who were considerably older. However, the Ameri- 
cans in general were the younger type, under 25, under 30, in contrast 
with the other delegations which contained people that I believe would 
be 45 or 50 years old. 

Mr. Johansen. Possibly you have testified to this; if you have, 
don't repeat it, but what knowledge do you have as to the methods of 
recruiting these 400-some delegates from the United States ? 

Wliat procedures were used within the United States ? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. One of the methods of recruiting was recruiting tours 
made by Mr. Myerson. He would speak at several campuses, giving 
information on the Festival or, as in the case of the University of "Wis- 
consin, debating about the Festival. Other methods would be in ad- 
vertisements or free publicity given to various parties. I am thinking 
now of the National Guardian^ which gave publicity to it. 

The Chairman. Thank you very much. 

You have made a fine contribution in bringing to the people an 
awakening that there is such a thing, a real menace, as this inter- 
national conspiracy. We are indebted to you. Thank you very much. 

Mr. Tavenner. Miss Eccles, will you come forward, please. 

The Chairman. Will you raise your right hand, please. Do you 
swear the testimony you are about to give will be the truth, the whole 
truth, and nothing but the truth, so help you God ? 

Miss Eccles. I do. 

TESTIMONY OF ANN S. ECCLES 

Mr. Tavenner. What is your name, please ? 
Miss Eccles. My name is Ann Eccles. 
Mr. Tavenner. Where do you live. Miss Eccles ? 
Miss Eccles. At 590 East 21st Street, Brooklyn. 
Mr. Tavenner. Do you mind stating your age ? 



1822 COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 

Miss EccLES. Twenty-five. 

Mr. Tavennes. Will you tell the committee briefly what your edu- 
cational background is ? 

Miss EccLES. I have had a high school education and 1 year of 
business school. 

Mr. Tavenner, Are you now employed ? 

Miss EccEES. Yes. I am employed, I am in business. 

Mr. Tavenner. Miss Eccles, prior to your attending the Eighth 
World Youth Festival, did you make known to this committee your 
intention to attend and your willingness to come before the committee 
and make a report of your observations ? 

Miss Eccles. Yes, I did. 

]\Ir. Tavenner. Wliat procedures did you follow in order to be 
accepted as a delegate to the Eighth World Youth Festival ? 

Miss Eccles. T sent an application blank in with the check for $00. 
I was told that too many people had applied and that I was one of the 
overflow, that the committee would have to send to Helsinki, to the 
IPC, to see if more delegates could attend the Festival. I called 
directly to the office to find out if I would be allowed to go. On one 
of these occasions I was asked to come up and work for the com- 
mittee. I did. I did some typing. I also called people and solicited 
funds. Only after I had worked for the committee about four times, 
was I finally told I could go to the Festival. 

Mr. Tavenner. Now while you worked in the headquarters of the 
United States Festival Committee office in New York, did you have 
occasion to observe the method that was used in screening or whether 
applicants were screened before being accepted as delegates ? 

Miss Eccles. From what I could see, they were screened. I had 
some personal experience where two of my friends — one sent his 
application in a week earlier, that was Mr. Donald Devine, he was not 
accepted. Another friend, Tom O'Connor, also of New York, sent 
his application in the same day I did. He was also refused. After I 
had done all this work for the committee, Mr. Berkowitz finally 
pulled my application out of a pile that he was working on and said 
I could go. That was the screening. Evidently it was done by him. 

Mr. Tavenner. Now after you arrived at the Festival in Helsinki, 
to what extent did the leadership of the United States Festival Com- 
mittee maintain contact with the delegates ? 

Miss Eccles. They published a memorandum on the first day of the 
Festival. It was a list of instructions to the delegates. The rest of 
the contact was either at the desk, in the form of checking your identi- 
fication, or amiouncements made through loud speakers. 

Mr. Tavenner. From what we have already heard, numerous deci- 
sions were required to be made as to what seminars the delegates 
would attend and what meetings. Who made those decisions ? 

Miss Eccles. The American Festival committee people, Mr. Tigar, 
Mr. Prosten. 

Mr. Tavenner. The delegates themselves did not make the decision 
but the same leadership, about which we have heard a great deal, made 
the decisions ? 

Miss Eccles. These people said that they were not officially allowed 
to make a decision for us but they did. 

Mr. Tavenner. I would like to have your own impressions of what 
you consider to have been the orientation of the Festival, as a whole. 



COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 1823 

in its seminars and its lectures with reference to matters that would 
affect the United States. 

Miss EccLES. It was definitely anti- American. The theme of every 
seminar was "Hate America." As Mr. Quinlan said, the cultural 
activities were all against America, pictures of tlie Hiroshima bomb- 
ing, the puppet shows that were given were against America. There 
was a farce on religion, things of this nature. 

The Chairman. In other words, the entire Festival apparently had 
as its purpose the discrediting of the United States and what the 
United States stands for, to all of the young people who were there, 
Americans and others. 

Miss EccLES. It was my belief that this was the purpose of the 
Festival. When I say ''Hate America," America was the prime 
target. Also in line were Great Britain, Canada, Holland, and the 
Western countries. 

Mr. JoHANSEN. Wliat specifically were the areas of attack on 
America? Wliat was it aside from Hiroshima and from religion? 
Were there other matters relating to capitalism, imperialism, or our 
foreign policy ? 

Miss EccLES. Capitalism, American imperialism, the exploitation of 
the colored people in the country. The poverty in the South especially 
was brought out. But mostly it was American imperialism. That 
covered a wide range. 

Mr. Bruce. ]\Iight I ask here. Was there very much emphasis on this 
question of coexistence ? 

Miss EccLES. Yes, but the Americans were the ones blocking peace- 
ful desires while the Russians — I heard more than one speech — Rus- 
sians were only for peaceful purposes — to assure future world peace. 

Mr. Bruce. There was a constant stress of the Soviet viewpoint of 
the need for coexistence ? 

Miss EccLES. Yes, but the blame was put on us, they stressed coexist- 
ence from their side only. 

Mr. Bruce. Coexistence with the United States surrendering? 

MissEccLES. Yes. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did you attend a seminar on the subject of de- 
mocratization ? 

Miss EccLES. No, I did not. But a Mr. Ingels, who was part of 
the anti-Communist group, did. He told me about his experience at 
this seminar. First of all, the chairman of the seminar limited the 
speeches of the delegates to 10 minutes to allow for a question-and- 
answer period after each speech. Mr. Ingels had prepared a speech 
which would take about an hour. He reluctantly gave up his time 
and spoke for 15 minutes. Then a Russian got up and spoke for an 
hour and 15 minutes, without being interrupted by the chairman. A 
Hungarian spoke for about 35 or 40 minutes. There was no question- 
and-answer period. Also, during the seminar, Mr. Ingels heard a 
speech by a North Korean who, among other things, stated that dur- 
ing the Korean war the American soldiers used Korean babies as 
cannon fodder. 

Incidentally, this sort of thing went on all the time ; the insults we 
heard about America were unbelievable. Mr. Ingels stood up, even 
though he was shouted down, and could not control himself and said, 
"That is a lie." The rest of the Americans who were there immediately 
acted embarrassed and shunned him, and the Korean delegate de- 



1824 COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 

manded an instant apology. He came around with 20 of his people and 
stated that his delegation had been insulted. Mr. Ingels finally did 
apologize for insulting the delegation, but he did not retract the state- 
ment that it was a lie. I doubt, though, that this was noted — the 
propaganda impact of the American apologizing seemed to be 
sufficient. 

Mr. Tavenner. Let me see if I can get a clearer picture. Before 
that seminar met was there any understanding as to the division of 
time ? 

Miss EccLES. Yes. Eules were laid down by the chairman of the 
seminar, who stated that the speeches would be limited to 10 minutes 
so as to allow for a question-and-answer period after the speech. 

Mr. Tavenner. But the way in which the meeting was handled, the 
delegates from the pro-Soviet countries took all the time by the long 
speeches, an hour and something in the one case and 35 or 40 minute.« 
in the case of another ? 

Miss EccLES. Yes, sir. 

Mr. Tavenner. Was there any time left for questions and answers 
at all? 

Miss EccLES. No, there were no questions. They were not allowed 
to ask questions. The chairman said the time had run out. This 
happened at many seminars we attended. 

Mr. Tavenner. We have observed from literature put out in this 
country prior to the Festival in the form of a fact sheet questionnaire 
on post-Festival tours the following : 

The United States Festival Committee intends to use all its influence to guar- 
antee the fullest discussion possible and to permit the freest expression of 
point of view. However, we view the "exchange of ideas" in much the same 
way as put forth by Alexander Meiklejohn. That is to say, while all points 
of view enrich discussion, they must be relevant to the subject at hand. It is 
decidedly not relevant nor appropriate to raise questions of nationalization of 
industry, armed aggression, or capital punishment, for example, at a meeting of 
theatre techniques. 

In the light of that statement, I would like to know to what extent 
you feel that the spirit of that statement was carried out. What was 
your experience? 

Miss EccLES. I did attend a forum on cinematography and I heard 
a delegate from Senegal get up and start his speech on the movie in- 
dustry, stating that there is no movie industry in Senegal, and then 
launch an attack against American imperialism. This was ruled as 
acceptable from the chair. It was pertinent as far as he was concerned. 

Incidentally, the delegate from Senegal was later heard at another 
forum to give the same speech without the opening sentence about the 
movie industry. 

Mr. Tavenner. Was there any effort made by the head of the U.S. 
delegation to bring the seminar to account for the violation of this 
rule which they had advertised ? 

Miss EccLES. None that I was aware of. 

(At this point Mr. Schadeberg left the hearing room.) 

Mr. Tavenner. What freedom did the delegates from the United 
States have in obtaining recognition from the chair at the forums? 

Miss EccLES. On the whole we were not allowed to speal^. By "we," 
I mean the anti-Communist portion of the American delegation. We 
were either refused recognition because there was no time or because 
we had not submitted the proper paper to the rostrum. Many times 



COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 1825 

I know Mr. Ingels submitted papers to speak the day before. He was 
always refused. I know, too, that the right to speak at these meetings 
was granted by the heads of the delegations. In other words, they 
were riding herd on who spoke. If you were known to have a proper 
Communist viewpoint you could speak ; if you were an anti- Commu- 
nist you could not. They would find some way not to let you speak 
at all either from the floor in reviewing someone's point, or from the 
rostrum on a particular topic. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did you have experience at any other forum or 
seminar meetings, other than the one dealing with the subject of 
cinematography, which would indicate this was a set plan ? 

Miss EccLES. Yes. I went to a peace forum where we heard 2i/^ 
days of anti-American speeches. Finally, we heard a delegate from 
Great Britain stand up and state that he wanted his 10 minutes to 
review the attacks on America and Great Britain. We were only 
able to get him to the rostrum because there were a lot of English- 
speaking people there who yelled, "Let him speak." 

While he was speaking, he mentioned that he had submitted a peti- 
tion to speak at least one day before other members of the delegation 
who had definite "leftist" views had submitted theirs. They were 
approved as speakers, and he was not. 

(At this pomt Mr. Bruce left the hearing room.) 

Mr. Tavenner. Then you would say there was a concerted effort to 
prevent anti-Communists from expressing opposition to pro-Commu- 
nist views at the Festival ? 

Miss Eccles. Definitely. I did attend another seminar or forum 
on the problems of women. The theme of the seminar w^as the same, 
anti- American, except they were women speakers. Finally an Amer- 
ican girl got up and spoke about her life in the United States as a 
student and a young workingwoman. She was told that she was not 
pertinent to the topic, that they did not want her to put on her own 
personal history, and she was made to publicly apologize in front of 
the rest of the meeting. 

Mr. Tavenner. Was there any criticism on the part of delegates to 
the Festival in the nature of charges that a delegate was not properly 
representing his own country ? 

Miss Eccles. Yes, there were many. The University Federation of 
Student Societies, which is a national Mexican student organization, 
refused publicly to have anything to do with the Festival. The official 
of the Mexican Festival delegation claimed their wholehearted support 
nevertheless. The Colombian delegation was the same. The Colom- 
bian Government did not recognize the Colombian delegation. The 
delegation from Panama had three men — two live in Cuba, one lives 
in Eussia. The Ghanans were really Nigerian. This was quoted in 
the Helsinki Youth News. There were many fraudulent delegates at 
the Festival. 

Mr. Tavenner. That indicates that the delegations themselves were 
rigged ? 

Miss Eccles. Yes, they were. 

Mr. Tavenner. What was the situation with regard to the Hun- 
garian delegation ? 

Miss Eccles. The Hungarian delegation — I speak now of one Hun- 
garian who I saw on the floor of the seminar. He was a representa- 
tive of 6,000 Hungarian students studying in free Europe. He had 



1826 COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 

written to the Festival asking for credentials. He was refused. The 
International Preparatory Committee did not recognize him as an 
official member even though he claimed the support of that many peo- 
ple. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did they state any reason for refusing to recognize 
him as a delegate ? 

Miss EccLES. No, they did not. They said he was a Fascist. They 
said that about everybody who didn't agree with them. 

Mr. Tavenner. Were exiles from Spain and Hungary received as 
delegates ? 

Miss Eccles. Well, the exiles — I was at a seminar where the exile 
from Spain was allowed to speak even though there was some ques- 
tion whether or not he was an authentic delegate. He was allowed 
to speak at a seminar. 

Incidentally, no pictures were allowed to be taken of this man by 
any members of the press. That seemed a one-way street. The Hun- 
garian representing free Hungary was not recognized while the Span- 
ish Communist was, even though he was not living in Spain. 

Mr. Tavenner. Do you agree that Myerson, Tigar, and Berkowitz 
were the three main leaders of the U.S. delegation ? 

Miss EccLES. Yes. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did they make any protest in behalf of the U.S. 
delegation for the treatment that the United States received in these 
various semmars? 

Miss Eccles. No, to my knowledge, they did not. 

Mr. Johansen. Did they at any time defend the anti-Commu- 
nist members of the American delegation when they were under 
fire? 

Miss Eccles. No, they did not, not at all. 

Mr. Tavenner. We heard from Mr. Quinlan of the instance in 
which literature was placed at the disposal of members of the U.S. 
delegation. Did you observe that literature ? 

Miss Eccles. Yes, I did. There were literature tables in the Amer- 
ican delegation headquarters. The anti-Communist literature which 
was placed on the table was always removed. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did you observe any effort on the part of members 
of other delegations to place literature in the hands of the members 
of the U.S. delegation ? 

Miss Eccles. Each delegation had its own literature. I have some 
samples here of German, Arabian, and French magazines that were 
published for the Festival. This is an Arabian one. It has a story 
by Linus Pauling in it. This one is also Arabian. It shows a cartoon 
of President Kemiedy, one side of his suit is a soldier's miiform, the 
other side is his presidential business uniform. This is the cinematog- 
raphy book that was put out. It depicts the birth of the Cuban 
cinema; and then the New York school, picturing a colored Bowery 
bum lying on the street as depicting typical American cinematogra- 
phy. The rest are just about the same. 

Mr. Tavenner. What use was made of that type of literature? 

Miss Eccles. To the other delegates who did not know very much 
about the United States, this attempted to show them part of our life 
here, and it was a seamy life. 

The Chairman. Is this a Commimist publication that contained the 
contribution of Linus Paulina ? 



COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 1827 

Miss EccLES. This magazine was published in three different lan- 
guages. I believe it was one of the official organs of the Festival. 
However, I have only the Arabian book here. I recognize Mr. 
Pauling. 

Mr. Tavenner. Has it been translated ? 

MissEccLES. No, it has not been. 

Mr. Tavenner, What form of protest, if any, was utilized by mem- 
bers of other delegations, delegations other than the one from the 
United States, to the general treatment that delegates from the 
Western World received at the Festival ? 

]\Iiss EccLES. Several of them walked out. 

Mr. Tavenner. Several? 

Miss EccLES. Several delegations walked out saying that they 
realized they had been used just for propaganda purposes. The 
Ceylonese left on August 4, A Nigerian student got up and stated 
that the seminars were not free, that they had no free exchange of 
ideas. Also talking to the delegates you met in the street — I spoke 
to an Indian delegate who said that any intelligent man knew that 
the seminars were rigged. I spoke to some East Berliners who said 
the same thing. They were terribly disappointed in the way the 
Festival was carried out, that it was not a free exchange of ideas 
at all. 

The Chairman. Mr. Tavemier, do you have many more questions? 

Mr. Tavenner. No, sir. 

The Chairman. We have a roll call that we have to answer. 

Mr. Tavenner. If I may ask one more question, I believe we can 
excuse her. 

The Chairman. Go ahead. 

Mr. Tavenner. You probably heard me ask the question of Mr. 
Quinlan regarding a person by the name of Paul Rosenstein. 

Miss EccLEs. Yes. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did you become acquainted with him in Helsinki ? 

]\Iiss EccLES. I did. He was there, he was in charge of the admission 
desk on many occasions. He also seemed to work very closely with 
Tigar, Berkowitz, and Prosten. 

Mr. TA^^NNER. Mr. Chairman, the members of the staff would like 
to confer further with the witnesses, but I do not think it will be neces- 
sary to call the committee back. 

Tlie Chairman. Yes, I must apologize. The bells indicate that 
there is an automatic rollcall, and we have to go. But I want to thank 
you very much. I hope that the testimony you and the preceding 
witness gave will be examined not only by other students but by mem- 
bers of faculties who are so prone to be critical when somebody makes 
an attempt to expose efforts being made to destroy this Republic. 
The American Association of University Professors at nearly every 
annual convention they hold adopt a resolution criticizing some uni- 
versity for discharging a person who ought not to be teaching in the 
school. It seems to me that this is the group which ought to be 
educated to the fact that the Communist drive is centered in youth 
movements all over the world. 

I thank you very much for your contribution. 

Mr. Ta\^nner. I want to thank you, too. 

("V\niereupon, at 11 :50 a.m., Thursday, October 4, 1962, the com- 
mittee was recessed, to reconvene at 2 p.m. the same day.) 



1828 COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 

AFTERNOON SESSION, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 4, 1%2 
EXECUTIVE SESSION ^ STAFF INTERROGATION 

TESTIMONY OF DONALD QUINLAN AND ANN S. ECCLES— Resumed 

Mr. Tavenner. Miss Eccles and Mr. Quinlan, the chairman has 
authorized the staff to continue with the interrogation. 

During the course of your testimonjr this morning, Mr. Quinlan, 
you briefly touched upon the parade which opened the Eighth World 
Youth Festival. Did the American delegation carry any political 
slogans as they marched in this parade ? 

Mr. Quinlan. I know of no political slogans that were carried. 
However, I might add that the songs which were appointed by the 
United States Festival Committee representatives during the parade 
included many pacifist type songs such as "We Ain't Going To Study 
War No More," "We Shall Not Be Moved." It was originally men- 
tioned that we would sing "America the Beautiful." However, when 
this came during the parade and someone attempted to start it, it was 
drowned out. Well, first, the Communist members of the committee 
did not sing it. Secondly, it was then drowned out by another song 
which I believe was "We Shall Not Be Moved" at the time. So that, 
although there were no political slogans that were carried, there were 
political songs sung. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did the American delegation moving into the parade 
support by slogans and other expressions the political advocacies of 
the Communist countries ? 

Mr. Quinlan. Yes, they did — during the parade especially. As 
the Cuban delegation entered, the Americans joined the chant "Cuba 
si, Yankee no." At another point in the parade, they were very 
prominent in cheering the Communist countries as they entered. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did the American delegates wear a button or in- 
signia which was peculiar to the American delegation? 

Miss Eccles. An official American insignia was a little round gold 
pin. It was a cross between a dove of peace and the American eagle. 
These were the lapel pins worn by the Americans. 

Mr. Ta\^nner. Wliat does a dove of peace and the American eagle 
look like when put together ? 

Miss Eccles. A "peagle." 

Mr. Tavenner. "\Vhat type of delegate buttons was borne by other 
delegations ? 

Mr. Quinlan. There were a number of interesting buttons. The 
Cuban delegation had a button that carried a peace dove with a sub- 
machine gun in its claws. The button read, "Patria O Muerte Yencere- 
mos," We shall overcome. Other buttons were the Lenin pin of the 
Soviet Union, the Brandenberg Gate pin of the East German regime, 
the pin of Lenin as a baby distributed by the Soviet Union delegates. 

Mr. Tavenner. Not for the purpose of interrupting you, Mr. Quin- 
lan, but under the authority previously given by the chairman, I shall 
ask that the photographic reproduction of the Cuban delegation but- 
ton be made a part of the record. 

1 Released by the committee and ordered to be printed. 



COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 



1829 



Mr. Quintan. This picture was published in the Helsinki Youth 
News of July 31, 1962. In addition, the American delegates also passed 
out buttons reading "Peace or Piece," "Work for Peace," or "Wait for 
War," and a button from the California group sold by the California 
group carrying a peace dove and "Eighth World Youth Festival " 

(Document marked "Quinlan Exhibit No. 3" follows:) 

QuiNLAN Exhibit No. 3 




tk€ ffffkial pin tmrn 
mifi's, symbols af pee 



'r?t (p^ the Cuban i'-kffuti* 



1830 COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 

Mr. Tavenner. In your testimony this morning, Miss Eccles, refer- 
ence was made to the fact that a Hungarian youth, living in exile in 
Europe and representing some 6,000 exiled youths of Hungary, at- 
tempted to get the floor, but permission was not given to him either 
to take the floor or to admit him to the Festival as a delegate. Was he, 
through the eiTorts of any of the American delegates, able to obtain 
the floor at any forum or seminar ? 

Miss EccT.ES. Yes. At the Free Tribune meeting an anti-Commu- 
nist American delegate, Mr. Oliver Davidson, managed to shout and 
receive the floor, whereupon he immediately turned the floor over to 
the Hungarian. As the Hungarian started to speak, cries of "Fascist" 
rang through tlie hall. He denied being a Fascist. He was not 
allowed to continue because he was not an officially recognized dele- 
gate. 

Mr. Ta\^xner. Reference has been made to a Puerto Rican that 
obtained the floor for the purpose of attacking views which were 
favorable to Puerto Rico and its relationship to the United States. 
Was it at this same forum, where the Hungarian Avas denied free 
speech, that this Puerto Rican was given the floor to attack a friendly 
Western position ? 

Miss EccLES. Yes. While I was not at this forum, I know it hap- 
pened from reports by other American delegates and from a story 
which appeared in the HelsinM Youth News of August 3. Plis attack 
went like this : 

"How can there be free choice when Puerto Rico is occupied by the CIA and 
the FBI and professors and students are being tortured and imprisoned?" 

After some North Americans laughed at this allegation, the Puerto 
Rican launched a bitter attack : 

"You stupid fascists may laugh. But Cuba and all Latin America will come 
to our help and demolish your Strategic Air Command bases. You can all laugh 
with your Kennedy and his lackey Mimoz Marin because we will soon bury you 
all. You can laugh because I don't give any of you more than 20 years of life. 
Cuba and Latin America will come to our defense and take care of you." 

Mr. Ta\t:nner. Under the previous authority the issue of Helsinki 
Youth News of August 3, 1962, will be marked as an exhibit and made 
a part of this record. 

(Document marked "Eccles Exhibit No. 1" and retained in com- 
mittee files.) 

Mr. Taa'exner. Miss Eccles, this morning you were talking about 
and discussing the type of anti-American, antifree-world propaganda 
that was being printed and distributed by either Communist-controlled 
countries or by Communist youth from delegations of the West. Have 
you compiled a breakdown of the publications'? 

Miss Eccles. Yes. I have a suitcase full of Communist literature 
collected at the Eighth World Youth Festival. This collection con- 
tains only a small portion of the total Communist propaganda dis- 
tributed at the Festival. In English, booklets, pamphlets, and news- 
papers from East Germany, 11; U.S.S.R., 8; Cuba, 3; England, 3; 
Rumania, 2; Czechoslovakia, 2. Also from Hungary, Albania, Yugo- 
slavia, Egypt, Jordan, and Japan. Also in English, numerous official 
Festival publications, and material printed by the International Union 
of Students. The lUS publications inclucled reports of congresses 
and conferences in Cuba, Rmnania, Tunisia, Iraq, Czechoslovakia, 
and Indonesia ; pamphlets about Korea, Germany, Japan, Martinique, 



COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 1831 

Algeria, and Africa ; five pamphlets on peace activities and general 
information ; magazines, World Student Neios, Young Film and lUS 
News Service. We have several issues of each. 

In addition to material in English, hundreds of Communist pub- 
lications in many languages were distributed at the Festival. This 
collection contains a few examples only, in German, French, Spanish, 
and Arabic. 

This publication which I hold is an East German magazine. As 
you can see its heading is "Cuba si, Yankee no." 

Mr. Ta\t:nner. Is this publication to which you referred in English 
or in German ? 

INIiss EccLES. This is in German. 

Mr. Tavenner. INIiss Eccles, I am wondering if you would go 
through the literature that you have and make a listing of the titles of 
the publications and where each is published and forward it to the 
committee so that we might make it a part of this record. 

Miss Eccles. Yes. 

Mr, TA^^2NNER. Thank you. 

Miss Eccles. This is a magazine, a Spanish magazine. It shows 
pictures of the American soldiers in Asia. The last one I would like 
to read. This is a Neios Service^ special edition No. 12-13. This 
was put out by the lUS people and it was a statement of the Inter- 
national Student Solidarity Meeting on West Irian. I would like to 
just read a portion of one resolution that was passed relating to 
Puerto Rico. This is taken from the report of the executive com- 
mittee of the International Union of Students meeting in Djakarta 
from ]May 18 to 23 : 

considering 

— that since July 25th, 1898, the Puerto Rican nation has been subjected to 
illegal military occupation by the US imperialists who established in this 
Spanish-speaking country an all-English educational system with the pur- 
pose of eliminating the mother tongue and imposing the conqueror's lan- 
guage upon the Puerto Rican population ; 

— that in addition the US imperialists engaged in an all-out campaign of 
Americanisation of the Puerto Rican people, forcing the students to pledge 
daily allegiance to the flag and the constitution of the United States while 
ruthlessly persecuting and imprisoning any Puerto Rican who sang the 
Puerto Rican National Anthem or displayed the national flag ; 

— that in 1917, in order to impose obligatory military service and draft in the 
US army thousads [sic] of Puerto Ricans, the US imperialists, who 
were already at war, imposed US citizenship upon the Puerto Rican people 
by unilateral law of the US Congress * * *. 

Wliile on the subject of Puerto Rico, I would like to point out two 
things : First of all, whenever an American did gain the floor to make 
a speech at the seminars, the program chairman immediately put a 
Puerto Rican up after him who apologized to the membership for his 
fellow American's speech and then bitterly denounced the military 
beast in Puerto Rico and said that the Puerto Ricans would never 
again fight in another war for the United States or said that Puerto 
Ricans were being expropriated from Puerto Rico to New York. 

Mr, Ta\'exner, Mr. Quinlan, was your observation with respect to 
the Puerto Rican delegate's attack on the United States in accord with 
Miss Eccles ? 

Mr, QuTNLAisr, Yes. As a matter of fact, I heard what she just 
said almost word for word at two different seminars. It appeared 



1832 COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 

that this one speech had been prepared and was repeated whenever 
this particular Puerto Rican delegate appeared at the seminars. 

Mr. Tavenner. Was the Puerto Rican delegate ever identified ? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. No. 

Mr. Tavenner. Do you know in fact that he is from Puerto Rico ? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. No, I don't. 

Mr. Tavenner. As has been testified in the case of the Latin Amer- 
ican delegates who were not residents of Latin America, is it possible 
that the Puerto Rican might not have been a Puerto Rican at all but 
used by the Communists to represent a Puerto Rican view ? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. That is quite possible that he was put in as a false 
delegate. 

Mr. Tavenner. Mr. Quinlan, was any physical retaliation taken 
against anti-Communists or non-Communists who were attempting to 
influence the delegations — attempting to bring democracy to their 
attention ? 

Mr. Qtjinlan. Yes, the incident that was corroborated several times 
was that of a Swiss student, who was taking part in the Swiss exhibit 
on the positive side of democracy in Switzerland, who, when passing 
out invitations for delegates to attend this exhibit, was taken by three 
members of the Finnish Festival guards and taken off into a room, 
phj^sically dragged off into this room ; and when people outside became 
curious and asked why this had been done, they were satisfied with 
the reply, "Fascist." 

Mr. Tavenner. Were there any other incidents brought to your at- 
tention during the Festival similar to the treatment given to the Swiss 
delegate? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. Yes. I believe that there was a Finnish anti-Com- 
munist who was taken and dragged behind a car. However, he es- 
caped when the rope broke after he had been dragged for a short time 
and managed to survive. 

Mr. Tavf.nner. Present at the Festival, Mr. Quinlan, were many 
delegations from: behind the Iron Curtain. Did there come to youir 
attention either successful or frustrated attempts at defection from 
these delegations? 

Mr. QuTNLAN. Yes, there were reports that at least 6 and possibly 
as many as 40 East Germans had defected to the West by going to 
Stockholm and seeking political asylum in the West German Embassy 
in Stockholm. Li addition, there is a question about what happened 
to a certain East German ship which did not appear in Helsinki ; it 
was cariying half of the East German delegation. 

Mr. Taa^nner. Were any attempted defections from the East Ger- 
man delegations discovered and frustrated? 

Mr. Qtjinlan. Yes. There were reports that one East German 
attempted to escape. However, when she was about to enter transpor- 
tation to Sweden, she was discovered by the East German guards and 
physically removed from the car and taken back to the East German 
ship. 

Mr. Tavenner. Miss Eccles, this morning you talked about the 
withdrawal of delegations in protest against the pro-Soviet theme 
of the Festival. You mentioned the Ceylonese delegation. Did the 
Ceylonese delegation issue a formal statement as to its reasons for 
withdrawal ? 



COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 1833 

Miss EccLES. Yes. They withdrew on August 4. They issued this 
statement : 

"Under protest we withdraw our delegates from Festival as only the Commu- 
nist leadership has been recognised." 

^ ^ m * * * * 

"The Communists appeared as the spokesmen of Ceylon, and in many contexts 
they attacked and slandered their own government" * * *. 

Mr. Tavenner. During the committee's investigation, it was re- 
ported that a Nigerian d^egate who had been educated at the Patrice 
Lmnumba University in Moscow had obtained the floor and made an 
attack upon the pro-Communist theme of the Festival. Are you fa- 
miliar with his attack upon the Festival ? 

Miss EccLES. Yes. His remarks were quoted in the Helsinki Youth 
News of August 3. Mr. Okonkwo Theophilus spoke out against the 
one-sidedness that dominated the Eighth World Youth Festival. 
This is what he said : 

"The youth of the world cannot take sides. There must be free expression of 
all points of view if these youths are to play a constructive role in solving the 
great problems of peace and national independence" * * *. 

This delegate named Okonkwo Them^hilus had tried to speak at 
the Colloquium on Peace and National Independence but was refused 
the floor. Wlien he had arisen and asked to speak to the audience 
and give a prepared speech, he was gaveled down by the chairman. 
He then gave a press conference and gave his speech to the press con- 
ference. He denomiced Festival speakers who insisted on attacking 
the West on South Africa, Suez, and Angola and did not say a word 
about Soviet imperialism in Hungary or the murderous record of 
Stalin. 

Mr. Tavenner. Mr. Quinlan, you were asked by Congressman Jo- 
hansen this morning as to the political makeup of the American dele- 
gates. I think that you described one fifth as anti- Communist, two 
fifths as non-Communist middle-of-the-roaders, and two fifths as 
being Communists and pro-Communists. 

How effective were these two fifths that you placed in the non- 
Communist, middle-of-the-road category when it came to standing 
up and speaking out as American citizens ? 

Mr. Quinlan. This includes not only members of that middle-of- 
the-road group, but some of the people whose opinions are anti- 
Communist as well. We found that their position was one of apology 
rather than defending the United States, saying that they were sorry 
for what had happened rather than explaining that the condition is 
not the serious tiling that it has been mistaken for. 

Several times we received comments from a number of these people, 
when we did attempt to make a point on behalf of the United States, 
that we were obstructionists and we were gaining enemies because we 
were presenting too strong a pro- American view. 

On the other hand, they did not take initiative in attacking the Com- 
munist weakness. Their position seemed to be one of ignoring these as 
an important source of speaking, and instead they concentrated on 
apologizing for the United States. We found that this position was 
very ineffective and that it made a very unfavorable impression on the 
rest of the noncommitted delegates. 



1834 COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 

Mr. Tavenner. Would you say that the anti-Coinmunists were well 
enough informed on the evils of communism, or was their refusal to 
speak up something that resulted from ignorance of what communism 
is and how democracy is a far better system of government? 

Mr, QuiNLAN. Unfortmiately that is true. In many of the cases 
these people would best be classed as Socialists or people who advo- 
cated a change in the form of capitalism in the United States. How- 
ever, I might mention that this is not a universal case of ignorance, 
I believe that those who volunteered to help the House conunittee and 
the other delegates falling in the anti- Communist one fifth demon- 
strated their knowledge and their ability to combat communism and to 
take the offensive and to push back the Communists on their own weak 
points and to assert the positive aspects of the United States rather 
than to apologize. 

Mr. Tavennek. Would you say that the well-organized plans of 
the Communists for the seminars and forums were disrupted by just 
the small handful of informed anti-Conmiimists? 

Mr. Quinlan. Yes. An example I can think of is Mr. Oliver David- 
son. In the course of one seminar, which lasted for 3 days, he first 
attempted to give the Hungarian the floor. Secondly, when the Span- 
ish exile spoke he protested the right of the Spanish exile to speak on 
the grounds that he was in a similar position as the Hungarian exile, 
namely, that neither of them had the approval of their government. 
And it was actions such as these, action by an American girl who at- 
tempted to take the microphone for a rebuttal, that did succeed in 
disrupting the pattern of organization of the seminars and to point 
out how these were controlled by the Coinmunist management of the 
Festival. 

Mr. Tavennek. Mr. Quinlan, in your testimony this morning you 
talked about, as did Miss Eccles, the success which the Communist 
countries had in their cultural presentations through the professional 
type entertainment they presented, as compared to the amateurish 
cultural presentation put on by the U.S. delegation. 

Did the delegates discuss this? And what was their position in 
this matter ? 

Mr. Quinlan. They discussed this at a news conference held toward 
the end of the Festival. When the question was put as to whether 
they wanted government support, they said, "Yes, so that we could 
bring over better entertainers and people who would better represent 
the culture of the United States." However, in a following question, 
when they were asked if they would take along with government sup- 
port the representation of pro-American views, they immediately 
backed down and they stated they wanted only support and they did 
not want to represent a pro- American viewpoint. 

On this question of cultural presentations, I might note that there 
was a highly skilled chorus from Yale University, the Yale Russian 
Chorus, who offered themselves to the Festival Committee to sing on 
behalf of the American cultural presentations. They were refused 
permission to do so on the grounds that the United States Festival 
Committee could not pay for their entrance into the Festival. This is 
in spite of the fact that most members of the chorus were delegates to 
the Festival and the United States Festival Committee would not have 
had to spend any money to have them perform because the entire 
chorus was in Helsinki at the time. 



COMMUNIST YOUTH ACTIVITIES 1835 

Mr. Tavenner- "\^nien you refer to "they" making statements at 
the press conference, to whom are you referring? 

Mr. QuiNLAN. Again to the troika, Mr. Myerson, Mr. Prosten, and 
Tigar. 

Mr. Tavenner. Miss Eccles and Mr. Quinlan, what type of cultural 
presentation did the American delegation produce in Helsinki ? 

Miss Eccles. There was a four-man jazz group headed by Perry 
Eobinson and Archie Shepp, who played very progressive jazz. One 
of the ]:>ieces they played was an ode to Jomo Kiniata, which was w-rit- 
ten by Perry Eobinson. 

Mr. Quinlan. There was another piece played as a tribute to Pa- 
trice Lumumba, which was a composition which lasted for 35 or 40 
minutes. 

JNIiss Eccles. We also had a chorus that was supposed to be com- 
posed of the delegates themselves. On the first day of the Festival, 
we were up against the Bulgarian mixed chorus whicli had won 
awards singing all over Europe. 

Mr. Quinlan. We also had our contributions of rock and roll at 
the Festival. We had a number of folk singers, including Jerry Sil- 
verman and Jim McDonald. 

Mr. Tavenner. ^Vliat type presentations did the folk singers, Sil- 
verman and others, present for the entertainment of the delegates? 

]\Ir. Quinlan. In general they can be characterized as anti-Amer- 
ican. Such songs as "We Ain't Going To Study War No INIore," "We 
Shall Overcome," and various sit-in movement songs. And they sang 
Negro spirituals as well. 

Mr. TA^^:NNER. Were there any adult Americans not delegates to 
the Youth Festival, who either participated in forum or seminar dis- 
cussions or who presented themselves as speakers to the American del- 
egation ? 

Mr. Quinlan. Yes, at the seminar on the roll of students in newly 
independent and colonial countries, Professor Holland Roberts and 
Gen, Hugh B. Hester both spoke, although they were not delegates 
from the United States. 

Mr. Ta\tenner. During the course of the Festival, did the Interna- 
tional Preparatory Committee permit any seminars or foiTims which 
would leave the impression that there was free discussion and free 
debate on the issues before the Festival ? 

Mr. Quinlan. Yes, on the last day a Free Tribune meeting was 
scheduled at the International Student Club. However, all signs an- 
nouncing the Free Tribune were printed in English. At the Tribune 
the Soviet press corps arrived beforehand, setting up cameras, micro- 
phones, and banks of lights to photograph the delegates speaking at 
this free forum. At this particular session, a large number of the anti- 
Communist delegates to tlie Festival showed up. The conduct of the 
forum was such as to lead us to believe that this was a setup, a forum 
that was established in order to give us a chance to express our views 
without doing too much harm to tlie Festival, since it did come on the 
last day, after many delegates liad left Helsinki. At tliis forum a large 
number of anti-Communists did speak and, incidentally, a large num- 
ber of pro-Communist delegates also spoke- This would be the only 
example of real free speech that we could find in the Helsinki Festival. 

Miss Eccles. There is one other thing I happened to think of. At 
the seminar on Saturday morning, an American girl denied the fact 



1836 coMMUisnsT youth activities 

that she was an American. Of course, America had been up against 
attack all morning. She never said anything, but she was an Ameri- 
can. The people next to her said, "What delegation are you from?" 
She said, "I am Cuban." I said, "No, you are not, you are an Ameri- 
can." 

She acknowledged shamefacedly, she had to admit it. She was 
sorry that she was. 

Mr. Tavenner. Miss Eccles and Mr. Quinlan, this morning you were 
questioned about whether or not the troika, Myerson, Tigar, and Pros- 
ten, ever protested against the rigging of the forums and seminars. 
Did any of these three, or the three collectively as a troika, ever 
protest the attacks which were being made upon the Government of 
the United States? 

Miss Eccles. To the best of my knowledge, they were in almost com- 
plete agreement with the attacks made upon the United States. They 
never once defended any of the points made by these speakers. 

Mr. Tavenner. From your conversations with these men, either be- 
fore you went to Helsinki when you were working in the offices or in 
Helsinki, did you get an opportunity to determine whether they Glared 
the views expressed by the speakers in their attacks upon the United 
States? 

Miss Eccles. I had just one opportunity to question Dick Prosten. 
Dick Prosten and I were talking about the airline strike. We didn't 
know whether we would be able to get over and back. He said it was 
a sorry state of affairs in America — Kennedy will call an 80-day cool- 
ing-off period and people are not allowed to strike any more and the 
Government is in a terrible situation. That is as far as I got with him. 

Mr. Tavenner. Did you ever have a discussion with Norman 
Berkowitz ? 

Miss Eccles. Yes, He asked me why I was going to the Festival. 
I told him because I believe in peace. I asked him why he was going, 
and he said, "Because I have to. And I feel it is very important and I 
gave up a good paying job to do this work for the Festival and after 
my work is done I can relax and go home and get a good job again and 
raise a family." 

Mr. Ta\t:nner. Can you add anything to Miss Eccles' testimony ? 

Mr. Quinlan. On the conversations ? 

Mr. Tavenner. Yes. 

Mr. Quinlan. Yes. After the Soviet delegation meeting, I com- 
plained to Mr. Al Rabinowitz about the way that the Americans were 
being used to make Sonnet propaganda. His reply was, "What did 
you expect when you came to this Festival ?" 

(Wliereupon, at 2 :25 p.m., Thursday, October 4, 1962, the hearings 
were concluded.) 



INDEX 



INDIVIDUAL8 

A Paee 

Ackerly, George A 1782 

Andersson, Otto Ingemar 1815 

Arvelo, Ritva 1815 

B 

Bariona, Maria 1815 

Baroch, Bedrich 1816 

Berkowitz, Norman 1786, 1788, 1807-1810, 1822, 1826, 1827, 1836 

Brownstone, Peter 1807 

C 

Cabello, Maria Theresa 1816 

Castro, Fidel 1783 

Cavalcante, Jose Bezerra 1816 

Chevchenko, Vladislav G. (See Shevchenko, Vladislav G.) 

Cloke, Kenneth 1807 

D 

Davidson, Oliver R 1806,1830,1834 

DeLacy, Dorothy Rose Forest (Mrs. Hugh DeLacy) (formerly Mrs. James 

Frederick Forest; nee Baskin) 1800 

DeLacy, Hugh 1800 

Devine, Donald J 1786, 1806, 1809, 1822 

Dobkin, Alix 1807, 1808 

Dorfman, Ronald 1808 

Dramaliev, Lubomir Kirolov 1816 

E 

Eccles, Ann S 17S8, 

1789, 1807, 1809, 1819, 1821-1827 ( testimony ), 1828-1836 (testimony) 

Echard, Christian 1816 

Elem, Domino Gilberto 1816 

Epperson, D. S 1793 

F 

Forest, Dorothy Rose. (See DeLacy, Dorothy Rose Forest.) 

Frank, Bernard (Barney) 1814 

Friedman, Leonard 1808 

G 

Garcias, Jean 1781, 1813, 1816 

Goodlett, Carlton B 1782 

Gornicki, Ian 1816 

H 

Hall, Gus (alias f or Arva Halberg) 1804, 1805 

Hallinan, Patrick 1782 

Hallinan, Vincent 1782 

Hester, Hugh B 1835 

Hill, Duane C 1807 

Hirschmann, Henry 1806 

Hoover, J. Edgar (John Edgar) 1804 

1 



ii INDEX 

I 

Page 

Ingels, Bonita J. (Mrs. Donald C. Ingels) 1807 

Ingels, Donald C 1788, 1807, 1814, 1823-1825 

J 

Jala, Thomas Michael 1816 

Johnson, Joe 1808 

K 

Kennedy (John F.) 1826,1830 

Khrushchev, Nikita Sergeevlch 1804, 1805 

Kinecki, Victor 1816 

Konovalov, Boris Ivanovitch 1816 

L 

Lawton, Joan P 1806, 1818 

Levey, David 1808 

Litek, Hans 1813 

Lumumba, Patrice 1835 

M 

Mackler, Jeff 1808 

Margono, Gunovidjoje 1816 

Marin, Munoz 1830 

McDonald, Jim 1808, 1835 

Meiklejohn, Alexander 1824 

Mitchell, Charlene (Mrs. William Mitchell; nee Alexander) 1795,1796 

Myerson, Michael 1786, 1807-1811, 1821, 1826, 1835, 1836 

O 
O'Connor, Tom 1822 

P 

Pauling, Linus (Carl) 1826,1827 

PeUkan, Jiri 1816 

Pieralli, Piero 1817 

Pitchess Peter J _ 1793 

Prosten,' Richard ZZ_ZI 1786, 1807, 1808, 1810, 1822, 1827, 1835, 1836 

Q 

Quinlan, Donald 1786-1789, 

1806-1821 (testimony), 1823, 1826, 1827, 1828-1836 (testimony) 

R 
Rabinowitz, Alan (Al) 1810, 1836 

Rabinowitz, Barbara (Bobbi) (Mrs. Alan Rabinowitz) 1786,1807,1808 

Rabinowitz, Victor 1782 

Roberts, Holland DeWitte 1835 

Robinson, Perry 1835 

Romulo, Carlos (P.) 1805,1806 

Rosenstein, Paul 1785-1787, 1798, 1808-1810, 1827 

S 

Schneck, Marco (also known as Monty) 1785,1791-1802 (testimony), 1810 

Seeger, Peter (Pete) 1782 

Segal, Jeffrey 1808 

Shepp, Archie 1835 

Shevchenko, Vladislav G. (Chevchenko) 1816 

Silverman, Jerry 1835 

Steinberg, Alan 1808 

Stevens, Edward A 1806 

Suros, Djayeng 1817 



INDEX iii 

"p Page 

Theophilus, Okoukwo 1833 

Tigar, Michael 17S6, 1807, 1808, 1810, 1811, 1822, 1826, 1827, 1835, 1836 

U 
Uphaus, Willard 1782 

V 
Vogel, Mitchell 1808 

W 

Weinstein, Bert 1786, 1807, 1808, 1810 

Worrell, Claude V 1791 

Organizations 

A 

American Association of University Professors 1S27 

American Friends Service Committee. {See entry under Religious Society 
of Friends. ) 

American Youth for Democracy 1795 

Antioch College (Yellow Springs, Ohio) 1808 

Argentine National Union of Students (FUA) 1816 

B 

Brazil National Union of Students (UNEB) 1816 

C 

Central Union of Czechoslovak Students 1816 

Citizens Committee for Constitutional Liberties 1818 

City College of the City of New York (CCNY) 1808 

Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy (SANE), Hunter College chapter 

(New York, N.Y.) 1808 

Committee of Youth Organizations of the U.S.S.R. (CYO) 1816 

Committee To Aid the Monroe Defendants 1818 

Committee To Secure Justice for Morton Sobell. {See National Com- 
mittee To Secure Justice for Morton Sobell in the Rosenberg Case.) 

Communist Party of Finland 1817 

Communist Party of the United States of America : 
National Structure: 

National Committee 1804 

National Commissions : 

Youth Commission 181S 

National Conventions and Conferences : 

Seventeenth Convention, December 10-13, 1959, New York City__ 1804 
Districts : 

Southern California District 1795 

District Committee 1785, 1795 

Youth Commission 1785, 1795, 1796, 1798 

District Conventions and Conferences: 

First Convention, April 13-14, 1957, Los Angeles, Calif— 1795 
Second Convention, November 20-22, 1959, and January 

29-31, 1960, Los Angeles, Calif 1795 

Los Angeles : 

Youth Club 1795 

Czech Youth Union {See Czechoslovak Union of Youth) (CSM) 

Czechoslovak Union of Youth (CSM) 1816 

F 

Fair Play for Cuba Committee 1786 

Finnish Communist Party. (See Communist Party of Finland.) 

H 
Hunter College (New York, N.Y.) 1808 



iv INDEX 

I Page 

International Union of Students (lUS) (see also World Youth 

Festivals) 1781, 1796, 1804, 1815, 1810, 1830, 1831 

Italian Socialist Party 1815 

K 

Komsomol. {See Young Communist League, Soviet Union.) 

L 

Labor Youth League 1795 

Los Angeles Festival Committee. (See entry under World Youth Festi- 
vals, Eighth World Youth Festival. ) 

M 
Mid-West Student Civil Liberties Coordinating Committee (MSCLCC)— 1808 

N 

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) : 

Hunter College chapter 1808 

National Committee To Secure Justice for Morton Sobell in the Rosen- 
berg Case 1818 

National Student Association. {See United States National Student 
Association.) 

National Union of Students of Brazil. {See Brazil National Union of 
Students.) 

Nenni Socialist Party. {See Italian Socialist Party. ) 



Patrice Lumumba University (Moscow) 1833 

Progressive Party 1782 

R 

Religious Society of Friends : 

American Friends Service Committee 1782 

Roosevelt University (Chicago, 111.) 1808 

S 

San Francisco Festival Committee. {See entry under World Youth Festi- 
vals, Eighth World Youth Festival.) 

SLATE 1782, 1786, 1808 

Student Peace Union 1782,1808 

Students for Democratic Rights 1808 

T 

Temple University (Philadelphia, Pa.) : 

Tyler School of Art 1808 

U 
Union of Fighting Youth (Poland) 1816 

United States Festival Committee, Inc. {See entry under World Youth 
Festivals, Eighth Youth Festival, July 29-August 5, 1962, Helsinki, Fin- 
land.) 

United States National Student Association 1807, 1808 

University Federation of Student Societies (Mexico) 1825 

University of California : 

Berkeley, Calif 1807, 1808 

Los Angeles (UCLA) 1786,1801 

Preventive Medicine Department 1793, 1800, 1801 

University of Chicago (Chicago, 111.) 1781,1807,1808 

W 

World Federation of Democratic Youth (WFDY), (see also World Youth 

Festivals) 1781, 1796, 1804, 1815-1817 



INDEX T 

World Festival of Youth and Students for Peace and Friendship. (See 

World Youth Festivals.) 
World Youth Festivals : I'aee 

Fifth Youth Festival, July 1955, Warsaw, Poland 1816 

Sixth Youth Festival, July 28-August 11, 1957, Moscow, Russia 1816 

Seventh Youth Festival, July 26-August 4, 1959, Vienna, Austria 1796, 

1815, 1816 

International Preparatory Committee (IPC) 1781,1816 

Permanent Commission (PC) 1816,1817 

Eighth Youth Festival, July 29-August 6, 1962, Helsinki, Finland- 1781-1837 

Finnish Festival Committee 1815 

International Preparatory Committee (IPC) 1781,1786 

1789, 1810, 1815, 1817, 1826, 1835 

International Press Committee 1817 

Permanent Commission (PC) 1815,1816 

United States Festival Committee, Inc 1781, 1782 

1785-1787, 1798, 1807, 1809, 1811, 1822, 1824, 1828, 1834 

Los Angeles Festival Committee 1785, 1797, 1798, 1801 

San Francisco Festival Committee 1782 

See also International Union of Students, World Federation of Demo- 
cratic Youth. 

Y 

Yale University (New Haven, Conn.) : 

Russian Chorus 1834 

Young Americans for Freedom (YAF) 1786,1809 

Yoimg Communist League, Soviet Union (Komsomol) 1819,1820 

Publications 


Crusade in Asia (Romulo) 1805 

H 
Helsinki Youth News 1781, 1815, 1817, 1829 

J 

Job Problems of Youth (pamphlets) 1818 

K 

Kansan Uutiset (newspaper of Communist Party of Finland) 1817 

N' 

New Horizons for Youth 1818 

News Service (International Union of Students publication) 1831 

O 
Observation Post 1808 

P 

Progressive Labor 1818 

PYOC (Progressive Youth Organizing Committee) Newsletter 1818 

R 

Rape of the First Amendment, The (pamphlet) 1818 

W 

We Ain't Going To Study War No More (song) 1789, 1828, 1835 

We Shall Not Be Moved (song) 1789,1828 

World Student News 1816, 1831 

World Youth (journal) 1815, 1816 

Y 

Young Film 1831 

Young Socialist 1818 



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