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Dictionary 




■ItKCltY 

LIBRARY 

UNIVERSITY or 
CAIIKMNIA 



Digitized by tine Internet Arcinive 

in 2008 with funding from 

IVIicrosoft Corporation 



littp://www.arcliive.org/details/completebulgariaOOstepricli 



Bwapo^JlflrjiHKieKii PtqHHKi>. 



Complete 

Bulgarian ^ English Dictionary 

(Including a Lexicon of Geographical, Historical, Proper, 

etc. names, a Iiist of the English Irregular Verbs, 

Weights and |\Ieasures, etc.). 

by 

GONSTflNTlNE STEPHANOVE, fl. B., |V[. ft., 

(Lector at the University of Sofia). 



^ 



SOFIA. 
John H. Hickoloff (International Library) Publisher. 

1914. 



Bi)|irapO"flHr|iMeKH PtMHM-b 

(BKAwqafl : /ieKGMKOHi> Ma reorpa(J)HqecKH, HCTopMueeKH, co6- 

GTBeHH H np. HMBHa, Ta6/IHUa Ma aMr/IHdCKHTt 

MenpaBH/iMH r/iaro/iH, Meipo/iorMfl h np.). 

OTT) 

I^OHGTflflTHH'b GTEcj3flH0B'b 

(JICKTOpT. B-b Co4)HflCKHH yHHBepCHTCTl). 



G (}) H H. 

Hs^iaBa HHTepHauHOHa/iHaTa KHM)RapHHua Ha Hb. x. pHKo/ioB-b. 

1914. 



HEPLACIH9 



BcwiKtt npaea aa nprbnenameaHe u3u,rbAo uau omHacmu aanaaentL. 
All Rights Reserved. 



|Ie*iaTHHqa r/iy<uKOBi» — Co^^hh. 






nptaroBop-b. 



noHBara Ha eaHHT> 6T>;irapo-aHrjiHftcKH ptHHHKi* hc ce Hy>K- 
jwe OTT> anojiOFHH: JiHncata ce HyBCTBysame ott> fl'b;irH toahhh 

HaCaMT>. np-feKOMtpHH MiR-IHOTHH KOHTO Tpt6Bailie Aa CC nptOAO- 

jitHfT* npt«iexa 3a cisAasaHeTo Ha noAo6HO HSMepnaiejiHO npo- 
HSBeAewHe. Ha ni>pBo M-fecio, oTCXTCTBHeio Ha cuhht* n-b^ien-b 
MOAepeHi> 6T>jirapo-6T>;irapcKH aioBapb aaTpyflHHBame pa6oTaTa h 
H yABOflBaule. Ott> apyra cTpana, HMKaKT>BT> mo-rofl-fe cepnoaeH-b, Ma- 
sap's H 6e3-b (t)pa3€o;iorHH, 6T>;irapo-aHrAHftCKH p-fequHKi), He np-fefl- 
jiarauie roTOBT> Bene MaxepHaflT., koAto fla noMorne noH-feKiRAt aa 
c-bCTaBHHCTO Ha CAHHTi no-o^eMHCTb TaKT>BT>. KaKTO cb m>p- 
Baia aHZA0'6iAzapcKa nacib, TT»tt h cb HacTOflinaia dhAzapo-au- 
ZAuUcKay padoiaia e 6HJia nHOHcpcKa. HacTOHmH«TT> ipyAi* e n^oAi* 
Ha uiecTroAHuiHH ycn^iHH bt. caho hobo Hepa3pa6oTeHO no;ie. Pt4- 
HHK-bTii e TpoflHo HO-rojitM-b OT-b nipBHii (aHFJiHttCKHH), a caMaia 
paapaboTKa AaJieMe no-o6uiHpHa h ycxB-bpmeHCTByBaHa. fptiuKHT'b 

CiR HeH36t«HH, HO BCHMKO B1>3M0»<H0 6 CTOpCHO 33 Aa CC SaCCrHe H 

H3no;i3Ba MarepHajia, h 4)pa3eo;iorH5iTa Aa ce OTJinnaBa ci> paaHOo6pa- 

3He, Aa C'bA'bp)Ka BCeBT>3MO}KHHT-fe HAHOMH, — CT> CAHa AyMa, T03H 

ptHHUKi) Aa crane Hafl-cbB-bpuieHHMH h Har;ieAeH-b MeAuyM-b sa npa^ 
BHJiHOTO H3yqBaHe Ha aHr;iHflcKHH e3HKTj, h naft-ni/iHaTa KHHra ott> 
T03H poAi Bi. Hauiaia jiHieparypa. 

HaCTOHIUHHT-b ptqHHK-b BT> CAlUHOCTb 6 H eAHHT. Cl>Bp'kMeHeH'b 

6hAzapo-6hAzapcKu prtHHUKb. Me>KAy Apyrnx-fe noAc6peHHfl, lofl cb- 
A^pJKa MHoro AyMH, kohto jinncBai-b bt* Apyrn vickchkohh, nanpn- 
M^pT>, o6HKHOBeHH AyMH Kaxo I d^pBtt, KU0Aa, HazAedeH-b, Hanpez- 
Harnhj noeuuHocmb, pwadapb, crbMeiicmeo, yMaAumeAb, ^AaneAa, 
liutiOAHej HemAuet, HAenyeaM^, HoerbuiKU, nyAb, luariKaf luatmpt, 
meeuiia, mezo6uetih, mpaKOMhf foena u np. a np. 

SaeAHO Cb r;iarojia ce Aasa MunaAomo npuHacmue, 
a iC^mo H ZAazoAHomo c/¥^w,ecm6umeAHo. C-b r;iaro;iHTt on, 
I H II cnpe>KeHHe ce AaBa h cezaiunomo nputacmue cnopeAt 
hobhh npaBOHHCb. 

noHe>Ke H3B-fecTHH AyMH ce nHuiarb no CAHH-b HaiHrn, B-b 
Aurnna, a no Apyn> B-b AMepHKa, cqexeno e sa Heo6xoAHMO Aa ce 



VIII 

naea opHrHHa;iHHH, t. e. aHr;iHflcKHa npaeonHCi. Tttt HanpHMtpi, 
flyMH BsexH OTT* ;iaTHHCKH Kaxo : labour, honour, vigour, colour, 
ardour h ap. ce nHuiart bi> Cieji. lUaxH 6e3T» u, TT>tt : labor^ honor, 
etc. r;iaroflH ct> oKOHqaHwe Ha — / s e, KaKio h TtxHHTt npOHSBO^HH, 
ce nHuiaTT> ci, — ize B-b AMcpHKa, a Hanocjitm>K-b aaMce h bi h1>« 
KOH qacTH Ha caMaia Ahfjihh. HanpHMtpij, advertise craea bt> Amc- 
pHKa advertize, organise— organize, characterise—characterizey 
harmonise— harmonize', organisation — organization, etc. 

r;iaro;iH OKonqaBamH h9 / yaBOHBan, h;ih He yitBOjiBaTT> bt> 
npoHSBOjlHtfrt. 3a npHMtpi, rjiaroji-bt-b travel HMa bt> AHr;iHH fi'bo6- 
me cji-hflHHTt npoH3BOHHH: travelling, traveller^ a bt> AMCpHKa, 
travelings traveler. AHr;iHflcKOTo waggon e wagon b-b AMcpHKa, 
a connexion — connection. 

CnopeflT> onpocTOTBopeHHa npasonHCb Bt AviepHKa cji'feflHHi'b 
AyMH : impressed^ slipped^ whipped, programme, telegramme, 
though, although, through, etc., ce numaT-b TT>fl : imprest, slipt, 
whipt, program, telegram, tho, altho, thru, etc. 

ripH npHroiBflHCTO Ha t03H TpyflT>. cbciaBHTejibTTj e HMa;i-b 
Ha pa3no;io>KeHHe cjituHHit npoH3BeiieHHH : Webster's Unabridged 
Dictionary, Universal Dictionary of the English Language, The 
Century Dictionary, Chamber's, Ogilvie's, and Stormonth's lat- 
est English Dictionaries, Ainsworth's Latin-English Dictionary, 
Clifton's French - English Dictionary, A;ieKcaFwpOBHfl PycKO - Ah- 
r;inftCKH, 6 b;irapcKHT'b p^hhhuh na FepoBa m iJiOBepHya h ontsH 
Ha no-rjiaBHHTt nyMm cshuh. 

Bt> KOHCui, aBTOpT>TT> cqHTa 3a npHHTCH-b jvbnr-b aa 
H3Ka>Ke ny6;iHMH0 CBOHia 6;iaroAapHOCTb kimtj Dr. and Mrs. 
Elmer E. Count, sa nptr.ae)KitaHeTO ott> itx-b Ha Tpeiaia KopcKiypa 
Ha noBeMCTO ott> Ko;iHrt, Kanio h ktjMTj Cbopyraia ch, MapHH lianoBa 
CTe4)aH0Ba, sa >khboto h y4acTHe bt> KoperHpaneTO. 

KOHCTaHTHHl> CTe$aHOBl>. 



CbKPflUlEflHH— flBBHEVlflTIOflS. 



« adjective Hue npHJiarsTe^iHO. 

ace accusative case BHHHTeJieHi> naAew-b. 

€ui adverb Hap^mie. 

<igric agriculture aeMJieatjiHe. 

^g algebra ajire6pa. 

anat anatomy anaTOMHsi. 

« poss possessive adjective npH;iar. npHTe>KaTe;iHO. 

app active past participle mhh. Atftcr. npHuacTHe. 

archit architecture apxHTeKTypa. 

crith arithmetic apHTMeTHKa. 

artil artillery apTH^iepHH. 

ostr astronomy acrpoHOMHii. 

bot botany 6oTaHHKa. 

chem chemistry xhmhh. 

chir surgery XHpyprHa. 

chron chronology xpoHOJiorHs. 

coll collective c-b6HpaTejiHo. 

com commerce rbproBHA. 

comp comparative cpaBHHTe^iHa cxeneHb. 

conj conjunction ci>io3i>. 

dot dative case Aare^eH-b naae>KTi. 

^ifn diminutive yMa;iHTe;ino. 

/. feminine gender cbuuecTEHxeflHO }KeHCKH poAi*- 

ftifn familiar word pasroeopHa p'feHb. 

fig figurative sense nptHncna CMHC-b;ib. 

fortlf fortification 4)opTH4)HKauHH. 

g .-• Greek word rpi>uKa AyMa. 

gcft genitive case poAHTe;ieHi> naAewi.. 

gcogr geography reorpa4)HH. 

g^ol geology reo;iorHfl. 

geom geometry reoMerpHn. 

gram grammar rpaMaTHKa. 

interj interjection MemayHMeTHe. 

irr irregular HenpasHJieH-b- 

Jar jurisprudence... lopHcnpyAeHUHti. 

fn masculine noun CAmecxBHreflHo mamcckh poAi»> 

fi^am,., mammiferous animal MJitKonHraeme hckbotho. 

fnar the navy MopexoACTBo. 

fitath mathematics MareMarHKa. 

fnec mechanics MexauuKa. 

med medicine MCAHUHHa. 

metal metallurgy MexajiyprHH. 

milit military art BoeuHD HSKyciBO. 

^in mineralogy iraHepaflorHH. 



mas music MysHKa. 

m. neuter gender CAiuecTBHreJiHO cptACH-b poAi*- 

nat hist natural history ecTecTseHa HCTopaa. 

mum numeral noun <iHaiHTe;iHo hmc. 

mumis : numismatics HyMHSMaTHKa. 

opt optics OHTHKa. 

pfart) participle. tipHsacTae. 

pharm pbarm anreKapqKO HCKycTBO. 

phys physics (|)H3HKa. 

pi, plural number MHoacecTBeHO hhc^io. 

pop . . . . ^ vulgar or popular word npocroHapoAHa AyMa. 

poss possessive case HpHTeMcaxefleHi* naAeiK-b. 

pp past participle MHuajio npHHjicTHe. 

ppp past participle passive HHHaao crpaAaxejiHO npHiacTHe. 

prep preposition nptAJion>. 

pron pronoun MtcTOHMCHHe. 

pron dem demonstrative pronoun noKaaaxeJiHO MtcroHMeHHe. 

pron pers personal pronoun jihhho MtcTOHMeHHe. 

pron rel relative pronoun oxHQCHxeAHO MtcxoHMenHe. 

sing. singular number eAHHcxscHO hhcao. 

superi. superlative nptBT>3xoAHa cxenenb. 

/ Turkish xypcKa aymb. 

tech technology xexHOJiorna. 

theat the theatre xeaxpT>. 

theol divinity 6orocJiOBHe. 

fyp typography XHnorpa4)HH. 

V... vide BHMCT.. 

va. active verb AtflcxeHxeaeHi. r;iaro;i-b. 

ven bunting ;iobt>. 

veter the veterinary art sexepHHapcxBO. 

V imp impersonal verb 6e3JiH»ieH-b rflaro^n.. 

vn neater verb cptAen-b r;iaro;n>. 

vpr pronominal verb B-bSBpaxeHi* rn&rojn,. 

— osHanaBa noexopeHHe Ha AyMa hjih qacit> ox-b AyMa. 

— reprejents the repetition of a word or part of a word. 



nP0H3H0mEHHE — PHOKDNCIATIOIl. 

a = ee, efl, — • name(HeAM), HMe; lake (;ieAK), esepo; state (cTeAr), maT-b; make 
(MeJiK), npaen; demonstrate (A^MOHCTpeAr), AOKaseaM-b; meditate 

(M^AHTeAr), paSMHUIAHBaM-b. 

a = a, fia, % — cat (KAar, Ktr), KOTKa; class (K;iac, K;itc)i KJiaci; man (Man), 
He;io«-bK-b; stand (ct^ha^, cxoa; and (hha), h; answer (auctp), oxro- 
Bopi}; lambkin (;i%'m6khh)i arbHue; bandag'e (6aHA<'A>K), np-fesp-bSKa. 

a = a, — far ((Jiap), Aajiene; star (crap), SBtaaa; father ((J)aeA'bp), 6ama; bar- 
tender (fidpTCHA'bp). Kp-bHMapb; mark (MapK), 6hA-kyKKi. 

e = H, Hft, ha; — genius (awh'hh AC), rcHHft; scene (c«fiH), cuena; sincere (chh- 
CHX.P), HCKpeH^: precede (npHCH'flA). nptAiuecTByBaMT>; event (hb^ht), 
c^iyiKa; evening (h'bhhht), Benepb; here(xH'Ap), ryKa; ttieme (bhAm), 
TeMa. 

e = e, — red (peA)i lepseH-b; entrance (eHTpT>Hc), axoA-b; energy (^H•bpAiKH)^ 
^HeprHsi;, mender (mchat^p). K-bpnaH-b; ending (cHAHHr;, oKOfwaHae. 

e = H, Hft, H*., — precede (iiphch/Aa), nptAmecTByBaMT>; here (xh'ap), xyKaj 
mere (MH'iRp), camo; sphere (c^Hlmp), c4)epa; scene (chhh), cuena. 

€ = !>,*., — her (x-bp), Hea; energy (&n>pA>KH), eHepruH; service (c-b'pBHc)^ 
cflywda; servant (CT./pB-bHT), c;iyra; serene (c-bpH'flH), flccH-b, 

1 = hA, — machine (MauiH'flH), MaiuHna; marine (MapH'fiB), 4><'iOTa. 

I = H, — pin ''nHH;, K-bp(j)Hua; ill (hji), Co^ieH-b; pit {oht), poBi.. 

o = 00, — old (oo.nA), ctap-b; note (hoot\ aag'Bvi'fewKa; home (xoom), AOM'b. 

o s= 0, — obey (o(5e'fl), c;iyuiaMT>; occasion (oKe'fi[>K'bH), c;iyHafl. 

o =5^ yy* — do (Ayy), npaBfl; move (My/yB), ABHwa; prove (npy'ys), AOKasBaM-b. 

o = A, -b, — other (a.'eA'bp), Apyn>; come (ktim), HAa; love (jn>B), ;iK)6oBh. 

u = K), — pure (niop), MHcr-b; use fioc), yooTpt6;ieHHe; mute (miot), iitM-b. 

M = yyi — rude (pyyA), rpy6T>; rumour fpy 'yM-bp), M-b;iBa: truth (xpyye), HCTHHa. 

u = y, — bush (6yiii), K^nHHa; bull (6y;i), 6HK-b; pull (ny;i), on-bBaM-b; put 
(nyx), lypHMTj. 

y = &, -b, — tub (TT>6), KopHTo; urn (aph), ripne; turn (Tipn), oGp-biuaM-b. 

y = aft, — sky (cKaft). He6e; cry (Kpaft), BHK-b; my (Mafi), Hoft. 

y = H, — lyric (jih'phk), jiHpHKa; hymn (xhm), xhmhi>; myth (Mae), mhtv 
jiereHAa. 

3a saet^i-feaaaHe xyKa e ne bchikhx* rjiacHH nptAT* 6yKBaxa r^ 
o^HKHOBeHO €€ npoH3«acHx-b xAHo iKi« Ha A, tj, Kaxo HaHpHftrtp-b; 

a, — drunkard (Ap-bH^-bpA), nnaHHua; custard (K-b'cxbpA), MJtHHHK-b cb aflua. 

e, — her (xip), hch; Hefin-b; ever (e'8T>p), ntKora; confer (KOH<J)-b/p;, CT>Btma- 
BaMi} ce. 

I, — firm ((})T,pM), (t)HpMa; xbt>pat>; bird (e-bpA), nxKne; girl (r-bp^), Monnqe. 

O, — favour f(J)e'flB-bp), Ao6pHHa; labour (jie'Pi6-bp), xpyA^; captor (Ka'nx-bp), 
jioBeu-b. 

tt, — urn (aph), r-bpne; burn (d-bpH), ropa; turn (xt>ph), oep-bujiaMi. 

y, -!- myrrh (mt>p), mhpo; myrtle (M-b/pxT>;i), MHpxfc;i-b; satyr (ca'x-bp), caxHpjb. 

3a61i;it>KKa. Ba>KHO e Aa ce suae ome h tosh ^axx-b npn HsynBa- 
HCTO Ha esHka, le bt> HsroBapHHexo Ha >iH3roc^o)KHH AyMH, c;ion>T-b B-bpxy Kofl- 
TO naAa yAapcHHexo ce npoHanaca ct> xanaBa feM(})aHXHHHOCxb, Kaxo le ah 
U-fejiaxa AyMa ce KOHueHxpHpa bti nero. r^acHHX'fe wa ocxaHa;iHx-fe c;ioroBe B-b xaK-bB-b 
c^ynaft cxaBax-b xahh, h hccxo rJiyxH. T-bft, nanpHMtp-b, B-b Ayinaxa final, fa^xo 



YAapeHHeTo naAa B-bpxy n7>pBHfl c;iori>, r^iacHara a bi btophh ce HSMtHn Ha m. 
MJiH -b, unn c-bBctM-b CH H3ry6Ba SByK-brb. Tana He AyMara ce^npoHSHicn (4)a/A- 
in>;i) HJiH {(^hRhji). Tosa ao h^kaa'^ ce noHCHHBa h bi> 6'b;irapcKH, B'bAyMH Karo, 
naAHa^i-b, h np., rA^To a-TO ce cjiyma Ha cjia6D i.. 



Heyr/iacHH h TpHr/iacHH— Diphthongs and Triphthongs. 

«I, ay = eft, — rain (peftH), A'bJKAt; main (MeflH), rjiaseHT.; may (Mefi), mora. 

«I = ee, — air (eep), B-baAyx-b; chair (leep), CTO^i-b. 

au, aw, awe, = oo, aa. — cause (koo3), (Kaaa), Kayai; law (jioo), 3aK0Hi>; awe 

(oo), cxpaxonoHHTaHHe. 
ea = Hfl, Hx., — each (wftq), Bc-feKoft; dear (AH«.p) Apar-b; real, peacfflCH-b. 
ea = e, — head ''xca), rflaea; bread, x;i-fe6-b. 
ea = ee, e«., — bear (6eAp) MewKa; pear, Kpyma. 
ea = a, — heart (xaprj, Cbpue; hearth (xape), orHHiue. 
ea = «.,!>, — earth 'x.pe), scmh; early (ap^ih), pano; heard (xt>pa\ lyxi.. 
eau, oa = oo, — bureau iGio'po), 6K)po; boat, ;ioAKa; coat, na;iTo. 
ee = Hft, — see, BHwaaM-b; knee (hhA), Ko^itHo; street, yiHua. 
el = Hii, — receive (phch'Ab), noJiy^aBaM-b; deceit (ahch^jIt), nsMaMa. 
el, ey = eft, — veil, 6y;io; reign (peftH;, uapyBane; grey, cwBb; obey (o6e'ft), 

c^iyuiaM-b. 
•el, ey = aft, — height (xaflr), BHcowHHa; neither (na'AeA-bp-b), hhto, hh eAHHi>. 
eo = Hfl, — people (nH'flm>;i); feoff, apeHAa. 
eo = e, — leopard (jie'n-bpA); Jeopard (Aw^n-bpA). 
eou = h;k., — instantaneous (HH-TanT^HHiKc), MHrnoBeH-b. 
eou = AC, -bc, — advantageous (aABaHT^ftAWbc), np-feHMymecTBen-b. 
eu, ew, leu = lo, — neutral (nto'Tp-b;!). Heyrpa^ieH-b; Europe (lo'p-bn), Espona; 

dew, poca; few, MajiuHwa; Jew, eBpeHHT>; adieu (ajk«3'), ceoroM-b. 
le = Hft, — field, HHBa; thief (enftc})), npaAeu-b; belief (6u;iHft4>)> Btpa. 
le = aft, — tie, spiSKa; lie, Jiewa; pie, Topxa. 

ce, owe = 00, — foe, nenpHaxe^ib; potatoes (noxeftxoc), naxaxn; owe, a-bJUKi. 
oe = yy, — • shoe, o6yBKa. 
oe = *., — does, xoft npasH. 

oi, oy = oft, — coin, Monexa; joint (ajkoAhx), cbcxaBi; boy, momw; joy, paaocxb. 
oo = y, yy, — book (6yK), KHHra; boot (6yyr), o6yBKa; goose (ryyc), rACKa. 
oo = «., — blood, Kp-bBb; flood, noxon-b. 
oo = 00, — door, Bpaxa; floor, noA'b- 

ou = ay, — louse Cnayc), B-biiiKa; house, K*,ma; count, rpac})!.. 
ou — y, — wound (yy'HA), pana; tour, o6HKo;iKa. 
ou = 00, — soul, Ayuia; court. ABop-b; pour. CHnsaM-b. 
ou = *, — rough (p«.(j);, rpy6-b; touch (x*.n), AOKOcBaHe; cousin (K-b'sHn), 

6paxoBqeA'b- <y 

ow = A, — window (yHHAA), nposopeu-b; widow (yHA*), BAOBHua. 
ow = 00, — snow, CH-fer-b, slow, MyACH-b; crow, rapra; bow, Ji&K-b; row, peAi>. 
ow = ay, — cow, KpaBa; bow, noK;ioH'b; row, luyMij. 

ue = lo, — tune (xioh), rJiac-b; tube,xp«.6a; clue, AHpa; value (Ba,nio , cxofinocxb. 
ue = yy, — bluef6 ly/y), cHH-b; true, HCXHHeH-b; acrue faKpy'y), yBCJinnaBaMT. ce. 
ul = yH, — languid (;iaHryHA\ n.\>^x'hJii>\ vanquish (BaHKyHiu), noeiswAaBaM-b, 
ul = e, — biscuit (SHCKex), 6HCKex-b; circuit (c-b'pKex), xom,. 
4il = y'yy — fruit, ((Jjpyxj nJioA'b; bruise (6py'y3), Hax-bpxeno. 
ul = aft, — guide (raftA), nA.xeB0Anxe,iib; guile, ^lynaBCXBo. 



Xffl 

The consonants— GiriiaGHHTt. 

b He ce npoH3HacH nptfli. t, debt (aex), aMn,; h cafefli, m, lamb (jian), arne. 

c = c, nptfl-b e, U y, «e» oe. 

c sa k, — np-feflT), a, o, u, I, r. 

c B= m, — nptflT> ea, la, lo, lous ; — ocean (o'iuih), OKeairb; precious (npe'- 

un>c), cKiRn-b. 

He ce wysa bi ayMH Kaxo scepter (c^rn-bp), cKHirrbpi.; victuals (bh'- 

Tbaa), npoBH3HH. 
g = fl>K, — nptfl-b e, I, B-b ajTMH ox-b 4)paHuy3CKo npoHaxowflCHHe; bt. ocxaHa- 

Ha;iHTt ayMH xo ce npoHsnacq Ha r; get (rex), sHMaM-b. 

He ce wyBa bt. flynH, Ka^o gnaw (ho'o), rflO)K«aMi;slgn (caAn), SHaK-b. 
h =3 MCKO X. hear I'aUp), c/iyuiauv, have ('aB), HMaMi. 

He ce 4yBa bt> ayMHxt Kaxo, heir, HacjituHUKb; honour, wecxb. 
k He ce 4yBa, bi> AyMH Kaxo, know (ooo), snaa; knee (hhA), KO^itno; knife 

(HaftcJ)), HOMCb. 

I He ce qyBa, bt. half, no;ioBHHa; calf, xe^e: could, Mowex-b. 

n He ce 4yBa, B-b hymn, xHMna; damn, nopasflBaM-b. 

p He ce MyBa, bt. psalm (ncaaMi,); empty, npaaem,; Psychology (caAK^fl-bflWH), 

ncHxo^iorHH; corps (Kop), Kopnyci.; receipt, pasoHCKa. 
q BHHarH oxHBa ct. u, h ce npoHSHacn c-b r;iacHaxa kohxc ro c/i-feaBa; quantity 

(Kya'HTHXH), KOJinqecxo; quiet (wyaAex); XHX-bj conquer (Ka/HKi>p), 

noetwaaBaM-b. 
s = c, — house, Kflviua; louse, BiuiKa; safe, fiesonaccH-b. 
8 = 3,— does, xofl npaBH; heads, rjiasH; boxes, caHAT>UH; chasm, (K^a-bMi)^ 

nponacxb. 
s = >K, — vision (BHMfbH^/ aptHHc; usual (KS«y*;i), oeHKHOBen-b. 
s = III, — sure, cHrypeHT>; sugar, aaxapb; nauseous (nooui-bc;, orBpaxHTe^ieHi.. 

He ce c^yiua bi Island, Isle, corps, viscount, 
t He ce HyBa bt> listen, often, hasten, castle, mortgage. 
t = ui nptAi> oKOHHaHHsi, lal, Ian, lent, Ion, lous; station (cx^Aiu-bH), rapa. 
t = H, — nature (Hefl4-bp); fortune ((})6pwyHi, CAfl6a. 
w = no;iy y, bt. ayMH Kaxo how (xay), KaKi; now, cera; cow, KpaBa; wool 

(yyji), Bib.nHa; would (ya), 6Hx-b; William (yfiJiflM). 

He ce HyBa nptfl-b r, wry(pafl), HanyMepen-b; write (paAx), nniua; 
sword (coopfl), ca69; answer, (anx-bp), oxroBop-b. 

npoH3Hacsi ce acnHpnpaHo nptfl-b h Bb AyMH Kaxo; who (xy), koA; 
what (xyox), KaKBo; which (xynw), Koe; whole (xooji), utjio. 

He ce HyBa B-b Kpaa na flyMH ox-b noBene ox-b eflHH-b c;ior-b; willow 

(yH.aA), B-bp6a; widow (yMfl«.), BflOBHua. 
X = Kc» — six (CHKC), uiecxb; prefix (npH4)HKC), nptflcxaBKa; axe (anc), 6paflBa;. 

tax (xaK3), xaKca. 
x = Kui, — noxious (HoKiu-bc), BptflHxe;ieH-b; anxious (aHKUi-bc), sarpHxceH-b. 
X = K3, exist (cksh'cx), c».iuecxByBaM-b; exact (cKsaKx), xonen-b. 
X = 3, — zest (3ecx), peBHOcxb; laxy (ji^Ash), jitHHB-b. 
z = JK, — glazier (rflcAHCbp), cxiKJiapb; azure (eA'wyp^, He6ocfiH-b. 



Cir/iaGHH HH^TOHm h TpH(j)TOHrH — Double and Triple 
Consonants. 

ch = 1, — which CyHH), Koe; church (i-bp^), qepKBa; chapter (lanx-bp), rjiaBa. 
ch = UI, — B-b flyMH ox-b (|}peHCKo npoH3xo>KfleHHe; machine (MaiiiHAH), Maiunna; 
champagne (uiaMneAH), uiaMnancKO. 



XIV 

€h = K, — Bi> AyMB OTi» rp-bi4K0 iipOHaxoiicxenM, archeology (apKRln-bAMCHX 

apxeojioriw. ehsnctcf (KiptKThfO* Xiptuiripv, chasm (wiia-bM) 

iq>oaacTb. 
Ifh ■! r, — ij^hoat (rocT), Aft-b; Ohibcltait (rWejiBfln). rirtSejfHHCKH. 
Srh == (|>, — Uugrh (Jia(t)), cMtxi>; cough (ko<}}), KauiJieHe; foueh (p;K^) rpyfi-b. 
ng s urK, HJiH Ha (})peHCKo n; going (roAHrK), OTHsaHe; llklAg (jidAKHHrK), 

o6nHn.Ht. 
ph = (}), — philosophy (4)HJiica(i)H), 4)HAoco(|)Hfl; physfes (^^HSflKc), (pnsHKa; 

nynph {hju^), HHM({>a. 
ph = B. — Stephen (cthbh), CTe(})aHi>; nephew (h6bk)), BHyKl>. 
sch =s cK, — school (CKyyfl), yiHAttme; schooner (cK^yn-bp), Aaum; sehefne 

(ckhAm), cxeMa. 
acl = III, -^ conscience (RiHuiiHc), c-bBtcTb. 
sh IB III, — shame (uieAM), cpaM-b. shake (uieAK), Tpecene. 
th (mcko) = CTapo-6i>Jir. e h ce npoHSHacn kbto t Cb esHKa Me>KAy 3/R.6HT-b: — 

moth (Mae), M(viem>; tooth (ryye), 3«^67>; think (enHK), mrc;i{i. 
th (TB-bpAO) = BA, H ce Ao6HBa Karo ce npoHSHacn a, c-h esHKa MeacAy 3A6HTt; 

— smooth (cMyyoA), rjiaAi>K-b; mother (M-b'eAT>p), MaAxa; father 

(4)AeA'bp), 6ama; brother (6p-b'eAi>p), 6parb. 
ce6as\ 

aclousN *^® npoH3Hac$!T-b Ha Hn.c. 
tiottsj 



VAapeHHe — flceent. 



KaKTO sa npoHSHOuieHaeTo rbfl h aa yAapeHHCTO bt. aHrjinftcKH esHKi* 
Htua onptAtJieHH npasHJia. C;i%AHHrb BHyuienHfl Morari. Aa noc^iyMcaTi. caMO 
Kato ynATBaHHfl: 

1. M3o6mo yAapeHHCTO naAa B-bpxy KopeaHHA c;ion> na Ayjuaxa. 

2. Eahoc^iohchh AyMH ce npoHsnaCHT^ c-b oco6eHT> eM(})a3HCT. KOraro HMt 
ce npHAasa ocodna Ba»(H0CTb, Apyroaqe rfe ce HsroBapax-b 6-bp3o. Tana s-b nptA- 
^lOMceHHetb, I like him (afl Aifix xhm), as-b o6H<iaM-b Hero, h;ih aai, ro ofiHiaM-b, 
Karo 46 caMo Aynara like ce qyBa bi> uero. 

3. ZlByc;io>kHHrk AyMH Karo o6uxo npasHJio ce aKueHTHpar-b na n-bpsHH 
cflor-b; — husband (xT.'36-bHA), c-bnpyn,; water (y6T-bpT,), BOAa; willow (yH';i«.), 
Bip6a. 

HsKJiioHeHHe npasHT-b AyMH o6pa3yBaHH ott> KopeHi> cb nptAcraeKa, kohto 
B-bt>6me ce aKueHTHpar-b na Kopena; forget (^oprer), 3a6paBflMT>; confer (Kan- 
<})-b'p), c-bBtmaBaM-b ce; kindness (KaflHAHec), 6;!arocTb. 

Towe ABycJiOMCHHrfe Aywn kohto ce ynoTptdHBax-b Kaxo r;iaro;n> h c*.- 
mecTBHTe^iHO h;ih npH^araTCflHO, KaTo rJiaro;iH ce aKueHTHpaxT. na BTOpHa cjion., 
a KaTO cxmecTBHTe^Ho hjih npHJiaraTCJiHO, na m>pBH«; — contrast (KaHxpacT), 
cbnocTaBHMt; contrast TKOHTpacT), KOHxpacTi; contract (KanTpaKT), cr-bpHsaM-b; 
contract (KaHrpaKx), KOHTpaKT-b. 

4. Eahocjiowhh rjiarojiH nocJitABaHH ctj nap-feMHa B-bo6me no^iynaBaT-b yAa- 
petfReTo Bp-bST. Hap'k4H6To H ce npoHsnacnT-b KaTO eAHa AyMa; — come up (K-bMA'n), 
HAa; go out (roiyT), HSJiHsaM-b; be without (6HyHeAayT), Mora des-b. 

5. rioBeqcTo orb TpHCJiowHHTt AyMH ce aKUeHTHpax-b na n-bpBHfl Cflon>; 
syllable (cH';ia6-bJi), cjion.; capable (K^fluae-b;!), cnoco6eH-b. 

HsKJiiOHeHHe npaBarb MHoro AyMH B3eMeHH ott. Apyrn e3HUH, a oco6eHO 
OTb ^peacuft, KOHTO ce aKueHTHparb* cahh he BTopHa, Apyrn na xpeTHa; — 



XV 

masrestic (MaAxc^cTHK), Be;iHKo;i%neH-b; intrinsic (hhtphhchk), npncsmeirb; 
creator (kph6Att>p), c-bsflare^ib; heroic (xhp6hk), repoficKH; introduce (hhtpo- 
AK>'c}, B'bBe>KAaM'b; magazine (MirasH^H), narasHH-b. 

6. MHorocjioMtHH flyMH H3o6mo ce aKueHTHpaT-b sipxy KopeHHHH c;ion.: 
ordinary (6pflHHT>pH), o6HKHOBein>; contemporary (KOHTeMm>p-bpH), CbBptMe- 
HCH-b; answerabie (aH'CT>pT,6-b;i), oTroBopeirb. 

MHOrOCJIOlKHH B-bBeaCHH OTT. ^laXHHCKH, 3 HaA-B8He OTb CTapo-rpT>UKH Mptai. 

(})peHCKH, HMaT-b yAapeHHero Ha nptAnp-feAuocjitAHH» c;iorb; phllosopliy (cpH^ia- 
ca(|)H), (})hjioco4)hh;- geograpliy (A>K>iirpa({)H), reorpa4)HH; catastrophe (Kari- 
crpo^H), KaracTpoc^a; phTsIoioglst ((pHSHa'^OAWHCT), (pHsaoJior-b 

H3K;iioHeHHe npasHT-b aymh ott. ApyrH esHUH, na kohto yAapeHHero ce 
onp-batna ottj OKOHHaHHeTo. 

7. OTB;ieweHH CAmecTBHTCJiHH oKOHHaBaiuH Ha tlon (ui-bH), BHuarn nojiy- 
qaBar-b yAapeHHero na nptAnocjitAHHfl cAorb; ambition (aM6Hiiii>H)t aM6HUHa; 
salvation (caJiB6flun>H), cnaceHHe. 

8. OrBJieieHH cAvuxecrBHrejiHH OKOH<iaBamH Ha ity (Hru), BHHarn ce aKuen- 
THpar-b BT>pxy nptAnptAnocjitAHHa cjion>; ability (adii^iHTH), cnoco6Hocrb; elas- 
ticity (ejiacTH'cHrn), r-bBKocrb; probity (np66HTH>, HsnpaBHocib. 

9. B-b orA'bAHH AyMH, cAor-bT-b B-bpxy Kofiro naAa yAapeHHero ce npoH3- 
HacH CHflHO H HCHO, ocTanaAHrli CJioroBe no/iyiaBarT. iiofly hjih r*.m> rjiaci>; — 
paper (n^iini>pi>), xaprHa; capability (Kena6H'jiHrH), cnoco6HOCTb; husband (xii's- 
6-bHA). Cbnpyr-b. 

10. B-b nptA-noMceHHA AyMara na kosito ce AaBa Hafl-ro;itMa BaiKHocrb ce 
npoHSHacfl cHAHo H flCHO, B-b ym-bp6-b Ha ocranajiHrb AyMH, KOHro ce HsroBapar-b 
6T.p3o; "the dog has bitten him (sah aof xas 6h/th xHM),KyHeTO ro e yxanajio. 

11. B-b nHCMeHHfl esHK-b ue ce ynorpt6flBaTi> yAapenHH. 



a conj but; and; while; hc 6amaTa, — 
MaflKaxa e BHHOBHa, not the father but 
the mother is to blame; — XpHcroc-b My 
P'feqe, and Christ said unto him; cbB^- 

TTjT-b H3CTyflHBa, — HpHM-fep-bT-b B1>0Ay- 

uieBflBa, advice chills (while) example 
inspires 

a excl inter j ah ! eh ! well ! — He, o, no ! 
no, no ! — ! exo ro, ha ! there he comes I 
— mo oT-b TOBa, well, what of that! 

a interog interj eh? what? what did you 
say? KAflt 6-fexTe, a? where were you, 
eh? H BHC HMaxe 04h jia iwe rjieflare, a? 
what, do you still dare to look in my face? 

aa interj aha, well; — , cera BHwaaM-b 
H-femoTo, aah, I see through it now! — , 
caMo TOBa He moikc, no, no, this will 
never do! — BHe jih cxe! well, well, 
is that you! 

a6d / coarse woolen-cloth; sleeveless wo- 
man's garment made of same; — C^n-b 
a made of coarse woolen-cloth. 

a6aA>KM{i m weaver or dealer of coarse 
woolen-cloth; — Wctbo n, — ji-bK-b m 
coarse woolen-cloth-trade. 

a6a}Kyp'b m lamp-shade. 

a^andcb m ebony; —cost, a ebony 
(chair), of ebony. 

a6dT'b m abbot; — riica / abbess; — ckh 
a abbot's, of an abbot; abbatial; — ctao 
n abbey; abbotship, abbacy. 

aeAMKHpaM-b vn to abdicate; — ne n 
abdicating; abdication; — k^i^hh / abdi- 
cation. 

a6e interj my dear fellow, sirah; — mo aa 
TH npaBH, ray dear fellow, 1 can't do 
anything for you. 

a6epduHsi / aberration {opt). 

a6Hua, — qKa / dim a nice little abah; 
v. a6a. 



a6oHdT-b m subscriber; — M^HT-b m sub- 
scription. 

aCoHMpaMCb va to enter (a person) as a 
subscriber; — ce vpr to subscribe, to 
become a subscriber; — ne n entering 
(one) as a subscriber; subscribing; — 
HT. ppp; — m-b pres p. 

a6c^HT-b m absinthe, bitters. 

a6cojiK5TeH-b a absolute; — ho ad — ly 
— TH3i>M-b m absolutism. 

a6cTpdKT-b m abstract; — ho ad — ly; 
— TCHT. a abstract; — uhh / abstraction. 

aficypAt m absurd; absurdness; — ho 
ad absurdly. 

aBaHrdpAi* m van, van-guard {mil). 

aBanndCT-b m outpost, advanced-post. 

asdHCb m advance; bt. — , in advance, 
ahead. 

aBaHTd>K-b m advantage, 

asaHTiopMCT'b m adventurer. 

aeryp-b m augur. 

dBrycTT. m august; ni>pBH — , first of 
August, August first (1st); — T^tiuJH a 
august, most august. 

aBA>KHn V JIOBA>KHII. 

aBjiHra / yellow-hammer (bird). 

aBjiHfl / towel; bathing-robe. 

aBOK^Ti. m v aABOKar-b. 

aBp6pa / aurore. 

aBTCHTH'ieH'b a authentic, genuine. 

aBTo6norpd4)i> m autobiographer; — <})ii- 
qeni., — mcckh a autobiographic, — al; 
— (})HqecKH ad — cally;— (|)hh / autobio- 
graphy. 

aBTorpd(|)-b m autograph; — 4)H{i / auto- 
graphy. 

asTOKpdT'b m autocrat; — thhcckh a 
I autocratic, — al; ad —cally; — uhh / 
I autocracy. 



aBTOMdr-b m automaton; — Tiia-bMT. m 
automatism; — THneH-b, — TuqecKH a 
automatic, — al; — thmhOi — thmcckh 

ad — cally. 

aBTOMoSHjiii m automobile, motor car, 
— jiCHT. a automobile, motor-car, of an 
automobile. 

aBTOH^MHfl / autonomy; — MCH-b a au- 
tonomous, autonomic. 

aBTopHT^T-b m authority; influence. 

dBTopi* m author; — ckh a author's, of an 
author; — ctbo n authorship. 

ar4 mt agah, sir, master. 

ardr-b m agate; — tobt, a. 

ar^HT-b m agent; AHnjiOMaTHMecKH — .di- 
plomatic agent; — ckh a agent's, of an 
agent; —ctbo n agency; — rypa agen- 
cy; branch. 

arndCMa fg holy-water (of baptism . 

arHTHpaiwb vn to agitate; to canvass; 
— ce vpr to be canvassed, worked (po- 
litically); — pane n agitating; — rauHii 
/ canvassing, political tour. 

arjiHKa / primrose (60/). 

arne n lamb; — uikh a lamb (chop), of a 
lamb, lamb's (head); — uiko neneHo, roast- 
lamb; — UT. m lamb (oi God); — na ce 
vpr to lamb, yean, bring forth lambs; 
— HCHC n lambing, yeaning; — nue n 
dim little lamb, lambkin. 

ar6HHsi / agony; — HHMecKH a agonising 
(pain). 

aropHAa / verjuice; sour-grapes. 

arpdpeH-b a agrarian. 

arpecHBeH-b a aggresive; —ho ad — ly. 

arpHKyjirypa / agriculture. 

arpOH6Mi> m agronomist; — mhh / agro- 
nomy. 

dri>Hue v arueHue. 

aAaiHdHT'b m adamant; -tobt, a ada- 
mantine. 

aA^MOB-b a; — Ba HSbJiKa, adam's apple 
{anat). 

n.AAoi'i, mt namesake. 

aABOK^T-b m advocate, lawyer, attorney; 
— CKH a advocate's, attorney's, of an 
advocate, an attorney or a lawyer; — ctbo 
n advocacy, advocateship; bar. 

aABOK^TCTByBaM-b vn to be a lawyer, 
exercise the profession of a lawyer or 
advocate; to philosophise; — ne n 
exercising the profession of an advocate 
or a lawyer. 

aAeHOJiornn / adenology. 

aAeHOTdMHH / adenotomy. 



aA^nri} m adept. 

aA^T-b mt V oCH^afl. 

aAMHHHCTpaTHBCH'b a administrative. 

aAMHHHCTpdTop-b m administrator. 

aAMHHHCTpdi^HH / administration; office- 
rooms. 

aAXHpd;i-b m admiral; — ckh a admi- 
ral's, of an admiral; — t^Hckh a admi- 
nlty; — r^iiCTBo n admiralty, navy-of- 
fice; —CTBO n admiralship. 

aAOHHMecKH a adonic (verse). 

aApecyBaivfb va to address, direct; — ce 
vpr to adress oneself; to be ad- 
dressed; —He n addressing; — ht. ppp. 

aAP^cb m address; direction; — cen-b a 
address, of address. 

aAT* m hell: hades; —ckh a hell, of hell; 
hellish, infernal; diabolical; ad hellishly; 
diabolically. 

aAK>TdHTi> m adjutant, aid-de-camp; re- 
nepaji-b — , at^utant-general; —ckh a 
adjutant, adjutant's, of an adjutant. 

kmvio n agio. 

a366cTT> m azbestos; —tobt, a asbestine. 

d36yKa / alphabet; ABC-Book; — qem. 
a alphabetic, — al; no — nen-b pea-b, 
alphabetically. 

asAHCBaM-b vnt to get gay, restless {of 
a horse). 

dsHiwyT-b m azimuth {astr). 

aadT-b m nitrogen, azote; — Tern, a 
azotic; — TecT-b a azotous, nitrous, nitry. 

aa-b pers pron I; ego, self; — CT>Mb Bor-b 
TBOH, I am thy God; — caiwb, I myself; 
Moexo — , my ego; a-fapwasara, rosa 
CbM-b — , I am the State. 

afl inter] ah, oh; it hurts! 

atiB^p-b v xaliBepi*. 

aflpdH-b mt V MA^TCHHita. 

aKaA^MHti / academy; — mhkt. m acade- 
mician; — MHHecKH a academic (ques- 
tion), academical (council); ad acade- 
mically. 

aKduHH / acacia (tree). 

aKBap^jii) m picture in water-colours; — 
jiHCTb m painter in water-colours. 

aKBdpHJi, — yiwi. m aquarium. 

aKjiHiMaTHsyBaiM-b va to acclimatise; — ce 
vpr to become or get acclimatised; — hc 
n acclimatisation, acclimation; h aKJiH- 
MaTHsai^Hii. 

dKO ad even, though, no matter, still; — 
e T-bfi, let it be so, no matter. 

aKO conj if; though; in case, provided;— 
He AHecb, yxpt; if not to-day, to-raor- 



aKOMOAaUHH 



3 



I row; pa36Hpa ce, — wejiaere, in case 

I you wish it (or are willing), of course; Aa- 

^ Mce — Aa Mowex-b, even if I could; m«.h- 

Ho — H Aa e, hard though it be. 

aKOMOA^UHsi / accomodation. 

aKOMnaHHpaM-b va to accompany {mns)', 
—ce vpr to be accompanied; — He n 
I accompanying; — iweHx-b m accompa- 

niment. 

aKdpA'b m accord, harmony; chord (mas). 

aKpeAHTHpaiH-b va to accredite; to give 
credit; — ce vpr to be accredited; —He 
n accrediting; accreditation. 

aKpHAa / locust (zool). 

aKpo6dTT. m acrobat; — ckh a acrobat's. 

aKpocTHx-b m acrostic. 

aKCH6Ma / axiom (math). 

aKTMBCH-b a active, energetic; operating. 

aKTMB'b m assets {com). 

aKT-b m act; deed; document; commence- 
ment; Kp-bnocTCHT.— , title-deed; 06- 
EHnHTejieHii — , indictment. 

aKTbop-b m actor; — ckh a actor's, of 
an actor; — ctbo n profession of an ac- 
tor; the stage; — piica / actress. 

aKyjia / shark. 

aKyp^ren-b a accurate; — ho ad — ly; 
— HOCTb / accuracy, precision. 

anycTHKa / accoustics; — riiqecKH a 
acoustic. 

anyui^p-b m accoucheur; — Ka / midwife; 
— CTBO n midwifery; obstretics. 

aKi^^HT-b m accent; accentuation; — xy- 
BaMi) va to accent, accentuate. 

aKUHSi. m excise; — aem. a; —ho yn- 
paajieHHe, excise-office. 

^Ki^Hfl / share, stock; action, process; — 
OH^pi. m share-holder, stock-holder; — 
OHepHo ApywecTBo n joint stock com- 
pany. 

ajid conj but; however; v ho. 

ajiaSdcT-bp-b m alabaster; — crpoB'b a. 

ajidpMa / alarm. 

aji6yMeH-b m albumen. 

ajiSyiw-b m album. 

djire6pa / algebra; — pHnecKH a alge- 
braic, — al; ad — cally. 

ajieropHH / allegory; — pHiern., — pH- 
necKH a alle£,oric — al; ad —cally. 

aji^rpo n allegro (mus). 

&jieH-b a, —HO ad purple, light-red, 
ruby-coloured. 

aji^H / alley, passage, walk. 

ajiHrdrop-b m alligator. 

ajiH.niyiiH / hallelujah. 



ajiKdJiH m alkali; — 3HpaMi> va to alka- 
lise, alkalify; —jiAtecKu a alkaline. 

a;iKox6ji-b m alcohol; — JiAqecKH a al- 
coholic, — al; — jiH3-bM-b m alcoholism. 

ajioAHH.neH'b a allodial, allodian. 

ajioii m aloe; — en-b a aloetic. 

ajion^THH / allopathy; — THwecKH a 
allopathic, — al; ad —cally. 

ajin&Ka / alpaca. 

ajiTdp-b m altar, sanctuary; — pen-b a 
altar, of altar. 

ajiTepnaTHBa / alternative. 

ajiTT. m alt; —to ad. 

ajiyivfHHHJi m aluminium. 

in^A / alpha. 

ajixHMMK-b m alchemist; — tecKU a al- 
chemic — al; — XHMHH / alchemy. 

djmen-b a greedy, covetous; —ho ad — 
ly; —HOCTb / avidity, greediness. 

ajiioBHH m alluvium (geol); — djieu-b a 
alluvial. 

aMd conj but; though; — Kofl snae; but 
who knows? — Tifl ahc, is it so though? 

dMa in(erj — ch npocT-b, how ignorant 
you are! 

aiHajirdMa / amalgam; mixture; — mh- 
paivf-b va to amalgamate, to mix. 

aMan^T-b mt pledge; gift. 

aMSdp-b m( storehouse; — jii.K'b m storage. 

aMd^p-b m amber. 

aM6MUHH / ambition; — oaen-b a am- 
bitious. 

aMSpaaypa / embrasure (fort). 

aM6yjiaT6pHfl / ambulatory. 

aMBoH-b m pulpit; tribune. 

aiweTMCT-b m amethyst; — tobt. a ame- 
thystine. 

aimi c but; inter], well ! the idea ! — roBa, 
how about this? 

aiMHH'b ad amen. 

aMHiiCTHH / amnesty. 

aMOHflKii m ammonia; — qen-b a am- 
moniac. 

aMopTHSdi^HH / amortisation. 

aMOJiHTyA'b / amplitude. 

aiMnyTauHH / amputation. 

aiMyHHUHH / ammunition, munition. 

aM(})M6Msi / amphibia. 

aM(})H6paxH{i m amphibrach. 

aivKJiHTedT-bp-b m amphitheatre. 

aHaKpeoHTHHecKH a anacreontic. 

andjiH/^Z annals. 

aHajiM3-b m analysis; — 3MpaM-b va to ana- 
lyse; to parse;— 3MpaHe n analysing; — 
CT-b m analiser; — jiHCTHKa / analytics. 



apeonarb 



anajKirHti / analogy; — riineH-b — qecKH 

a analogical; analogous, similar; — riiq- 
HOt — wecKH ad — cally. 

auaHicb m ananas, pine-apple; — cobi. 
a ananas. 

aHan^CT-b m anapest; — TMnecKH a ana- 
pestic. 

aHApxHH / anarchy; — xhcti> m anar- 
chist; — CTHwecKH a anarchical. 

aHac^H-b m anise (seed). 

aH^TCMa / anathema; — MdcBaiHi. va to 
anathematise. 

aHar^MHsi / anatomy; — SHpaMi. va ana- 
tomise; — siipaHe n dissecting; dissec- 
tion; — MHKCCKH a anatomical; ad ~ly 
— MHK'b m anatomist. 

aHaxpoHHS'bM'b m anachronism. 

aHra>KMpaMi> va to engage; to reserve; 
— ce vpr to be engaged; to be reserv- 
ed; —He n engaging, reserving; — 
M^HTi* m angagement. 

aHr&pHii / forced labour. 

dHrejii m angel; — ckh a angelic, — al; 
—Me n dim little angel; darling angel. 

aHrjiHKdHCKH a anglican (Church). 

aurjiHi^HS'bM'b m anglicism. 

anrjiMHcKH a English; — esHK-b, the En- 
glish language; — CKa 6ojiecTb, rickets; 
— CKa cojib Epsom-salt. 

aHrjiHqiHHH-b n Englishman; — Ka En- 
glishwoman. 

aHrjiOM&HHH / anglomania 

aHrjio(}}MJi'b m Anglophil. 

aHrjiottxiCT. m Anglophobe. 

aHr6pcKa-KOTKa / angora cat. 

aHeBpH3i>M'b m aneurism. 

aHeKA6Ti> m anecdote; — THMecKH a 
anecdotical. 

aHecT^SMii / anaesthesia, anaesthesis. 

aH^MHfl / anemia. 

aHOM^jiHn / anomaly. 

aHOHHM-b m anonymous writer; — mchi* 
a anonimous; —ho ad — ly; — nocTb 
/ — ness, anonymity. 

aHTaroHH3-bM-b m antagonism. 

aHxepHSi / padded waistcoat or jacket 
(with sleeves). 

aHTHflbTT. m antidote. 

aHTMKa / antique; — KdpCTSo / antiqua- 
rianism; — Kdp-b m antiquarian. 

aHTHMdHHfl / antimony. 

aHTHH^na m Antipope. 

auTHndTHfl / antipathy; — THnen-b a un- 
sympathetic; — THMHO ad —cally. 

aHTHcenTHMecKH a anticeptic. 



auTHT^sa / antithesis; — aen-b a anti- 
thetic, — al. 

aHTHxpHCT'b m Antichrist. 

aHTHweH'b a antique, ancient. 

aHTpiKTi* m interact. 

aHTpauMT-b m anthracite. 

aHTponoji6rHii / anthropology; — rii- 
lecKH a anthropological. 

aHTponoM^TpHH / anthropometry. 

aHTponoMop4>HiecKH a anthropomor- 
phous. 

aHTpono4)dr'b m man-eater, cannibal. 

aopHCT-b m aorist (gram). 

adpra / aorta (anat). 

anapdTi> m apparatus. 

anapraiH^HT-b m apartment. 

an^THH / apathy; — TMHen-b a apathetic, 
— al; — TiiqHO ad —cally. 

anejiMpaM-b va to appeal; — ce vpr to 
be appealed; — hc n appealing; appeal. 

aneji^UHH / appeal; — OHem. a of ap- 
peal; — OHCHt cmji-b, Court of Appeal. 

ancTHTT. m appetite. 

anjioAHCM^HT'b m applause. 

anor^H / apogee, 

anoKajiHncHC'b m Apocalypse; — xHMe- 
CKH a apocalyptical. 

anoKpH^)!* m apocryphal book; — (t)H- 
qecKH a apocryphal. 

anojiornsi / apology; — nicn. m apo- 
logist; — FMiecKH a apologetic, — al. 

anonji^KCHH / apoplexy; — THK-b m apo- 
plectic; — THMecKM a apoplectic, — al. 

andCTOJi-b m apostle; — ckh a aposto- 
lic, — al; ad apostolically; — ctbo n 
apostleship. 

anocTpdc})!} m apostrophe (gram). 

anpMJi-b m April (month); —ckh a April, 
of April. 

anr^Ka / pharmacy, apothecary's shop; 
drug store. 

anreKapb m apothecary; — ckh a apo- 
thecary's, apothecary; — ctbo n apothe- 
cary business. 

apdnHH-b m negro; — Ka/ negress; —ckh 
a negro, negro's, of a negro. 

ap6HTpd>K-b m arbitration. 

aprdTHH-b mg servant, workman. 

aproH^BT-b m argonaut. 

apryiH^HT-b m argument; — tAuhh / 
argumentation; — THpaiH-b vn to argue, 
debate. 

ap^HAa J lease, rent, farm; — .airop-b m. 
lessee, tenant, farmer. 

apeondr-b m Areopagus. 



apecBaM-b 



a(})opecBaM-b 



apdcBaMi} va to like, fancy, be pleased 
with; — ce vpr to please, suit; tobh 
MH — Ba, I like this; —He n liking, 
fancying. 

apecTdHTTi m prisoner, person under 
arrest; — ckh a prisoner's, of a prisoner. 

apecryBaMt va to arrest; — ce vpr to 
be arrested; — He n arresting, putting 
under arrest; — ht. ppp arrested. 

ap^CT-b m arrest, apprehention; cxpon.-— , 
close confinement. 

apHCTOKpdr-b m aristocrat; — THMecKH 
a aristocratic, — al; ad — cally; — una / 
aristocracy, nobility. 

apHTM^THKa / arithmetic; — riimecKH a 
arithmetical; ad — ly. 

^pna / aria, tune, air. 

dpKa / arch, bow, arc. 

apiHardH-b mt v no;iap'bKi>. 

dpMen / brine; v nptcoji'b. 

dpMHH army; — m^Hckh a army Tcorps), 
of the army, of the line. 

apoMdr-b m aroma; — tcht., — THwecKH, 
a aromatic, — al. 

apnaA>KHK-b m onion-seed. 

apcen^ji-b m arsenal. 

apc^HHK-b m arsenic, ratsbane. 

apT^pHH / artery; — djien-b a arterial. 

apTHKyjiT. m article, thing. 

apTHJi^pwa / artillery; — phHckh a ar- 
tillery, of artillery; — pHCT-b gunner, 
artilleryman. 

apTMCT-b m artist; — thkcht., — thhcckh 
a artsctic, — al. 

ap4}a / harp; —^AcTh m harp-player. 

apxaHS-bM-b m archaism. 

apxaHMecKH a archaic, — al. 

apxdHreji-b m archaagel; —ckh a arch- 
angelic. 

apxeorpd4)Hfl / archaeography. 

apxeojiop-b m archeologist; — niicH-b, — 
THqecKH a archeological; — rnqecKH ad 
— ly; — PHH / archeology. 

apxHBa / archives, record-office; — sap-b 
m keeper of the records; — BeHT> / ar- 
chive, of archive; ancient. 

apxHAaKOHii m archdeacon; — ctbo n 
archdeaconry. 

apxHeniicKon-b m archbishop; —ckh a 
archbishop's; archi-episcopal; — ctbo n 
archi-episcopate 

apXHep^A m bishop, prelate; — ctbo n 
prelacy, prelatship. 

apxHMaHAPMT-b m archimandrite; —ckh 



a archimandrite, of aa archimandrite; 
—CTBO n office of an archimandrite. 

apxHoeji^r-b m archipelago. 

apxHT^KTT. m architect; — Typa / archi- 
tecture; — TypeHT. a architectural. 

apuiHH-b m yard (Turkish measure). 

ac6cop-b m assessor. 

acHTHdUHti / assignat; bank-note; — ny- 
BaiH-b va to assign, to allot, 

acHCTeHT'b m assistant. 

acK^T-b tn ascetic. 

acMd ft vine. 

acmk ad actually, it is evident; at all 
events; anyhow. 

acouH^UHH / association. 

acT^p-b mt underlining 

dcTMa / asthma. 

acTpojior-b m astrologer; — riiqecKH a 
astrological; — rna / astrology. 

acTpOHOM-b m astronomer; — MiiqecKH a 
astronomic — al; ad —ally; — mhs / 
astronomy. 

actlidjiT-b m asphalt. 

ac-b m ace (of playing-cards). 

ardKa / attack, assault, charge. 

araKyBaiH-b va to attack; — ce vpr to be 
attacked; —He n attacking; attack. 

aTencT-b m atheist; — 3-bM-b m atheism; 
— THMCH-b, — THMecKH fl atheistic, — al. 

aTCHTdT-b m attempt on one's life, attack; 
outrage. 

aTecTdxT. m certificate; —una / attesta- 
tion; testimony. 

aTHMecKH a Attic. 

arjiacb n atlas; — 3eHi> a atlas, of atlas. 

arjidcb m satin (cloth). 

aTJi^TT. m athlete; — xMiecKH a athle- 
tic, -al. 

aTMOc<i)^pa / athmosphere; — piiqenb a 
athmospheric. 

ardM-b m atom; — wns-bM-b m atomism; 
— MCH-b, — MMiecKH a atomic, — al. 

aTTpH6yT'b m attribute. 

aT-b mt stallion. 

ayA^HUHa / audience. 

ayAHT6pHa / auditorium, hall. 

ayKi;MOH^p-b m bidder (at an auction); — 
HHCTi. m auctioneer. 

ayn-b m v MopKOB-b. 

a(})6pa / affair; business; speculation; — 
pHCTT. m speculator. 

ac^HoHii m opium. 

a4)Huia / play-bill, bulletin. 

a^op^cBaiwb va to curse, anatematise; to 



a(})OpH3'bM-b 



6ajiOTHpaM-b 



execrate; — ce vpr to be cursed, ana- 
thematised;— He « anathema; execration. 

a(})opH3'bM'b m aphorism. 

^xKaM-b vn to groan, stone, sigh; — hc n 
groaning, stoning; groan. 

axpoMaTH3'bM-b m achromatism (opt). 

axT. inter] ah! oh! o dear! 

axip-b mt stables; v o6opT.. 

aui;idKi> m rascal, vagabond. 

aueTH;iMH-b m acetyline (chem). 

auiJiaiMd // graft, grafting. 

auiJiaAMCBaM-b vat to graft; — ce vpr to 
be grafted; — hc n grafting; — can-b a 
H ppp grafted. 



p. 



6a interj bah ! 

6d6a / grandmother; old woman; mid- 
wife; fisher (bird); — 6eiuKH a old wo- 
man's (face), haggish, haggard (look); 
ad like an old woman; — 6hht> a grand- 
mother's; — 6Hua / dim little old wo- 
man; dear grandmother; small-stomack 
(anat); h 6a6H4Ka. 

6^6HHa-BOAa / holy water (in which a 

new-born baby is bathed); AyiuHua/ 

thyme (bot); — pHaa / rainbow, iris. 

6^6MHH-rHHAH pi shepherd's purse (bot); 

^,HHpl last days of march; — jiese- 

THHH pi grandmother's yearns, rigma- 
role; 3*.6h pi carob (bot). 

6d6HHO-BHHue n geranium (60/,; Bpe- 

TCHi^e n stone-crop {bot); njiaxHO n 

rainbow. 

6d6HHi>-AeHb m Eighth of January; 

KBacb m houseleek ibot); nonet 

m rainbow; nyeun> m pufiin, puck- 
ball (fungus). 

6d6Hpyca / Indian crooked-toothed sow, 

6aBdqKa / nursery-maid, dry-nurse. 

6a6yBaM'b vn to be a midwife; — hc n 
exercising the profession of a midwife. 

6a6ymKa / pupa, pupe. 

6a6H4acBaMi> vn to shrivel up, shrink, 
wither, become sickly; —He n shrivel- 
ling, sickening; — cajn> ppp 

e^astK-b m great mullein (bot); linger. 

6ara>K-b m baggage, luggage; effects; 
— jKCH-b a baggage (train;. 

G^BH va to delay, retard, keep back; to 
amuse (a child); — ce vpr to tarry, loi- 
ter, lag behind; -Bene n delaying, re- 
tarding; delay; tarrying; h 6aB^>K-b; 



— Bern, a slow, dilatory; — ho ad slow- 
ly, dilatorily, slow; — HOCTb / slowness, 
dilatoriness. 

6arpsi va to dye scarlet, make purple; 
— ce vn to be dyed, become purple; 
— pene n dyeing purple; — peH-b a 
purple; — peniiua / porphyry, purple- 
robe. 

6aA^M-b m almond. 

6aA>Kd ft dormer-window. 

6aA>KeHdK'b m brother-in-law. 

6aAMH / pail, bucket. 

6a6; — Mko — Hho v 6aTe. 

6aejiAMCBaM-b vnt to faint, sink, fall into 
a swoon; — ne n fainting, falling into 
a swoon; faint, swoon. 

6dflKO v Sare. 

6dHHO v Care; — Ba SyjiHHua / wea- 
sel (zool). 

Ganp-b mt hill, hillock; elevation. 

6aflpfiK-b mt flag; — rip-b m llag-bearer, 
standard-bearer. 

6aKaji^Bep-b m bachelor; knight-bachelor 
{mus); — ckh a bachelor's (degree); ba- 
chalaureate (sermon). 

6aKdjiHH-b m grocery-man; — jiikt. nt 
grocery business; — HHua / grocery 
shop; —CKH a grocery (shop). 

CaAaHOCBawT. va to white-wash; — ce 
vpr to be white-washed; — ne n white- 
washing; white-wash. 

SdAana / white-lime, milk of lime; mortar. 

6aKdM-b m log-wood, sandal-wood. 

6aKjia / broad bean. 

SaKJiaai/^ pastry; pie. 

SaKT^pHH / bacteria; — oji6rHH / bacte- 
riology; — ojiorHMCCKH a bacteriologic, 
— al; — oji6r'b m bacteriologist. 

GaKuiMm-b mt v noAap-bKi.. 

6aKbp-b mt copper; v n^jy.-b. 

6ajidAa / ballad. 

Gajiancb m equilibrium, balance; — ch- 
paivfb va to balance; vn to balance 
oneself; to be balanced. 

eaji^CT-b m ballast. 

SajiA'baa / sister-in-law. 

6ajiA'bp^H-b m hemlock {bot). 

SajiK^H-b w^mountain; — ckh a mountain 
(air); mountainous (region); Balkan (Pe- 
ninsula). 

6ajiK6H-b m balcony. 

6ajio n bale; roll. 

GajioHb m balloon. 

6ajiOTMpaM-b va to ballot, choose by bal- 



6ajicaM'b 



CjtHTCJIb 



lot; — ce vn to be elected by ballot; 
— poBKa n balloting, election by ballot. 

SancaM-b m balsam, balm; — MMpaMi> 
va to embalm; — He n embalming; 
— MMpaH-b a embalmed. 

6ajiTHH / axe; — flKa / dim small axe, 
hatchet. 

eajiT. m ball (dance); notice; mark. 

GaMSyK-b m bamboo. 

SiiMH / vervain-mallow {bot). 

6aHajieH-b a banal, common place. 

6aHaH-b m banana; — hobt, a banana 
(tree). 

6aHAa / band. 

6aHA^>K-b m bandage, truss. 

6aHA^pa m v sHaivte. 

6aHAepoji'b m banderole, excise label- 
band; — jiCHT. a banderole, band-lebel. 

6aHflMT'b m bandit. 

6dHeH-b a bathing (suit). 

6dHHua / sweetmeat, pastry; — Mdp-b m 
pastryman; — qdpcTBo n pastry business. 

6aHKa / bank; — K^p-b m banker; — K6p- 
CKH a banker's, ot a banker; — K6p- 
CTBO m banking; — kobt> a bank 
(building), of a bank; banking. 

eaHK^TT. m banquet. 

SaHKHora / bank-note. 

eaHKpyr-b m bankrupt; — riipa.M-b vn to 
become bankrupt, tail in business; — 
THpane n failing in business; — ctbo n 
bankruptcy, failure. 

6dHH / bath; bath-house; bathing resort; 
— M-b va to bathe; —mi. ce to bathe 
oneself; to be bathed. 

66pa / lac, varnish. 

SapaSaHii m drum; — lUHK-b m drummer. 

6apa66Ji m patato, patatocs. 

6apa6oHKa / bramble-finch (bird). 

6apdKa / booth; pavilion; hut, cottage. 

ddpaivfi. va to touch, leel, linger; to han- 
dle; to grope about; — ce vpr to be 
touched, lelt, handled; —He n touching, 
feeling; lingering. 

6ap6apM3-bM-b m barbarism. 

6apAe, — Aywe n small water-jug. 

6ape, dap-b ad at least, only that 

6apH^pa m barrier; fence. 

6apHKdAa / barricade. 

SapHTcSH-b barytone (mas) 

6ApHi\ m barium. 

6apHMKaM-b va to touch, handle, poke, 
meddle with;— He n handling, meddling. 

eapoM^TT.p'b m barometer; — rpHqeCKH 
a barometric, — al. 



SapdHi. m baron; — n^ca / baroness; — 
CKH a baronial; baron's, of a baron; — 
ctbo n baronage. 

SapcyKT. m badger, brock; v nsoBeu'b. 

CapyTT. m gunpowder; — tcht, a; — mifl- 
HHua / gunpowder shop. 

6apx6Ti. m velvet (cloth); — tcht* a vel- 
vet, of velvet. 

6ac^flH-b m basin; reservoir. 

6acMa / calico; — Mcn-b a calico, of calico. 

6^chh / fable; — noniiceu-b m fabulist; 
— HOCJidaeH-b a fabulous. 

6dCTa / frill, ruffle; fringe; na — th, 
frilled, fringed. 

6acTHCBaMi> vn to leave off, cease. 

eacryH-b m cane, walking stick. 

Qicb ni bass; — chctt. m bass-singer; 
— CO ad bass; — coB-b a bass (voict); 
base, low-toned. 

Gar^Ki. mt mire, swamp, pond; — hhh mt 
a beat, none-payer, 

CaTajiHOHii m battalion; — HeHi> a bata- 
lion, of a battalion. 

6a.Ti.n'h at ill-made, worn-out, spoiled by 
neglect or disuse; clumsy; — jiacBaiw-b 
vn to grow clumsy by disusage, be- 
come unfit by neglect. 

6aTap^n / battery; — eHi. a battery, of 
a battery. 

6dTe, — TH> n elder-brother; — tiobt, a 
elder-brother's. 

daxipii m allspice. 

SixTT. mt luck. 

6axMa ft garden; v rpaAHHa. 

6^X1.! interj there! only that! 

SduaiM-b va to dip, stick (into water); v 
uanaiMii. 

6aqH{i / sheepfold. 

Saq-b m toll, custom; — A^pb m customs 
receiver, collector 

6auiKd adt seperately, singly. 

6aiud m father; — lUHHiin / patrimony; 
fatherland; — iuhhckm a father's; father- 
ly, paternally; arf paternally; — miiua m 
dim dear father; — mMHii a father's, of 
father; native(language), mother (tongue). 

6&9 vn to tell fortune; to heal by en- 
chantment; to mutter, talk to oneself; 
— ene n fortune-telling; — awKa / for- 
tortune-teller. 

CaHTT. at stale (bread), old. 

e^HTejib m watch, guard, gardian; — jicht. 
a vigilant watchful, wide-wake; —ho 
ad watchfully; — Hocxb/ watchfu'ness. 



AtHHC 



(SesAtreH-b 



fiA^HHC n watchfulness, vigilance. 

6aji vn to watch over, keep watch, be or 
keep awake, be vigilant; to attend; to 
guard; 6A^Te h Mo^iere ce, watch and 
pray. 

6el inter] sirrah! fellow! 

6erjiHK-b mt tax on sheep and goats. 

6£r-b, 6efl mt beg, bey, sir, lord; — roBi. 
a beg's, of a beg 

6eAp6 n hip, thigh; — peni. a thigh, of 
thigh, hip (joint). 

CeAyMH'b m Bedouin. 

6e30<5}KeH'b n ungodly; wicked, impious; 
exorbitant (price); — ho ad — ly; mer- 
cilessly; — >KHe n ungodliness, im- 
piety; — HHKT> m atheist; — HHHecKH a 
atheistic, impious; ad — ly; mercilessly; 
— HHMecTBo n ungodliness, impiousness. 

6e36oji^3HeHi> a painless; — ho ad 
painlessly; — hoctb / painlessness. 

6e36o^3HeH-b a fearless; —ho ad — ly; 
— HOCTb / — ness. 

6e36pdAi> a beardless, bare-faced. 

6e36pdqHe n celibacy, bachelorship; 
— MCH-b a unmarried, bachelor (life). 

6e36pdeHi> a numberless, countless; 
—ho ad without number. 

6e3B^ApHe n bad weather. 

6e3BKyceHi> a tasteless, savourless, un- 
tasty; — ho ad — ly; — hoctb / —ness; 
insipidity; h 6e38KycHe. 

6e3Bji^}KeH-b a dampless, dry. 

6e3BjidceH'b a hairless. 

6e3Bji^CTeH'b a powerless, impotent; — 
THCrt,— HOCTb / lack of authority, po- 
werlessness; anarchy. 

6e3B6AeH-b a waterless, dry, arid; — ahc 
n lack of water; draught, aridity. 

6e3BptAeHi> a harmless, innoxious; in- 
nocent; — HO ad — ly; —HOCTb / 
harmlessness; innocence. 

6e3BpiMeHeHb a untimely, inopportune; 
— HO ad untimely, inopportunely; — 
HOCTb / untimeliness, unseasonableness. 

6e3B-b3Bp^TeHb a irrevocable, irrepar- 
able; — HO ad — ly. 

6e3Bi>3AyuieHi> a airless. 

6e3B-b3M^3AeHb a gratuitous, gratis free; 
— HO ad gratis, free. 

GesBtpHe n atheism, irreligion, unbelief; 
— penii a incredulous, unbelieving; irre- 
ligious; — peub, — HHK-b m unbeliever; 
impious person, atheist. 

GesB-fecTeH-b a unknown, obscure. 



6e3BtTpeHb a windless, still; — pne n 
calm, stillness. 

Gesr.ndceH'b a voiceless; mute, silent (let- 
ter), dumb; air (gun); —ho ad silently, 
mutely; — HOCTb / want of publicity; 
silence; aphony; h 6e3r;iacHe. 

6e3r6pHe n lack of mountains. 

6e3rpiMOTeHi> a illiterate; ignorant; — 
HO ad unlearnedly; — HOCTb / illiter- 
ateness, illiteracy; ignorance. 

6e3rpaHHMeH-b a boundless, unlimited; — 
HO ad — ly; — HOCTb / —ness. 

6e3rpMBi> a mainless. 

6e3rpH>KeHi> a careless, easy-going, free 
irom care, happy-go-lucky; — ho ad care- 
lessly, easy; mdolently; — HHK-b n a 
happy-go-lucky fellow; — nocTb / care- 
lessness; indolence. 

6e3rp'b6HaMeH'b a invertebrate. 

Gesrp-kuieH-b a sinless, free fro:n sin; — 
HOCTb / sinlessness; innocence. 

eesr-bpACH-b a narrow-breasted, narrow- 
chested 

6e3AapeH-b a ungifted, not talented; dull; 
— HOCTb / lack of talent; dullness; — 
HHR-b m ungifted person, dullard. 

6e3AHMeH'b a smokeless. 

6^3AHa / abyss, precipice, chasm. 

6e3AOKa3aH'b, — siTejien-b a proofless, 
unproved; unconvincing. 

SesAOiweH-b fl homeless, destitute; — hhkt. 
m homeless person; vagabond; — mhc n 
liomelessness; destitution. 

SesAOXOACHb a unproductive, unprofi- 
table. 

6e3AyiueHb a inanimate, soulless; —ho 
ad — ly; without air; — HOCTb /—ness; 
lack of air. 

6e3A'b>KAeHb a rainless; arid; — ahc n 
draught, aridity. 

6e3A'bHeH'b a bottomless. 

6e3AtflcTBeH-b a innactive; unoccupied; 
null and void of a lawy, — bhc n in- 
activity, inaction; inefficaciousness. 

6e3A'feWcTByBaM'b vn to remain idle; to 
ioiter; — He n idleness, indolence. 

6e3A'bJiHe n idleness, inactivity, indo- 
lence: -HHK-b m idler; tramp, rascal, 
miscreant; — hhicctbo n indolence, 
idleness; rascality; — HHiecTByBann. vn 
to idle away one's time, loiter; — ho 
ad idly, inactively. 

6e3A'kTeH-b a childless, having no chi!- 



6e3e3HHeH-b 



6e30TB-feTCTBeH'b 



dren;— Ka, — KMHa/ a childless woman; 
— CTBO n childlessness. 

■6e3e3H4eH-b a having no tongue or lan- 
guage, tongueless. 

6e3>KajiocTeHT> a pitiless; —ho ad — ly; 
— HOCTT. / — ness. 

^esiK^HCTBo n single life, celibacy. 

6e3>KHB6TeHb a inanimate. 

6e3>KH3HeH-b a lifeless, inanimate; — ho 
ad — ly; — HOCTb / —ness, inani- 
mation. 

^e3H<-bJi«ieH'b a without gall, gall-less. 

6e33aBtTeH-b a leaving no testament. 

6e33aK6HeH'b a unlawlul, illegal; impi- 
ous, iniquitous; — ho ad — ly; — hoctb 
/ illegality; lawlesness; — hhc n iniquity; 
impiety; — hhkt, m law-breaker; sinner; 
— HHHa, — HHqecTByBaiwb vn to act 
unlawfully; to be impious. 

6e33aiuMTeH-b a defenceless, unprotected; 
—HO ad — ly; — hoctb / —ness. 

6e3ByqeHT> a soundless; —ho ad — ly; 
— qHC n, — HOCTb / want of sound; dis- 
harmony. 

6e336MeH-b a having no soil, having no 
arable land, landless. 

6e33Jid6eH'b a guileless, innocent; — ho ad 
— ly; — 6He n guilelessness, innocence. 

6e33x,.6i> a toothless. 

6e33H3B-fecTeH'b a unknown; unadvised, 
unware; — ho ad unknowingly, un- 
warily. 

CesHSXofleH-b a dilemmatic, hopeless; 
— HOCTb / dilemma, hopeless state. 

6e3HMeHeH'b a anonymous; —ho ad — ly. 

6e3HHTep6ceHT» a disinterested; uninteres- 
ting; — HO arf — ly; — nocTb /—ness; 
lack of interest. 

Seaiipii m linseed-oil. 

SesHCT^HT. mt market-square, bazaar. 

6e3KBdceHi> a unleavened. 

CesKHM^eH-b a unlettered, uneducated; 
-HHKT. m illiterate. 

6e3KOH64eH-b a infinite, endless; —ho 
ad — ly; — HOCTb / endlessness, in- 
finity. 

6e3KOpHCTeHb a disinterested, unselfish; 
—HO ad — ly; — thc n, — HOCTb / —ness. 

SesKp^enii a v 6e3KOHeMeH'b. 

desKpdK'b a having no feet, footless. 

•CesKpHJi-b a wingless. 

6e3Kp'bBeH'b a bloodless, unemic; — bhc 
n, —HOCTb / anemy, lack of blood. 



6e3K;K.iueHi> a houseless, roofless; — hhki> 
m homeless person. 

6e3jiHCTeH-b a leafless. 

6e3;iHMeH'b a impersonal (verbs, etc); — 
HO ad — ly; — hhc n, — HOCTb / lack 
of personality. 

6e3.iyHeH-b a moonless; — hhc n moon- 
less time. 

6e3.n-fecHe n v 6e3ropHe. 

6e3.ntTeH-b a eternal. 

6e3jiK5AeH-b a unpeopled, desolate; — flwe 
n, —HOCTb / deficiency of population. 

6e3!VfdjiKO ad almost, nearly, closely. 

6e3MeT6>KeH'b a tranquil, peacefull; un- 
disturbed; — HO ad — ly; — HOCTb / 
tranquility. 

eesMMjiocTCH-b a merciless, pitiless; —ho 
ad — ly. 

6e3M63-b>ieH'b a brainless. 

6e3M-bjiBeHi> a speechless, taciturn, silent; 
—HO ad silently; -bhc n silence, ta- 
citurnity. 

6e3MtpeH-b a unmeasured, excessive; — 
HO a^ excessively, to excess; — HOCTb 
/ excess, extremity. 

6e3M'bcTeH'b a untimely, inopportune. 

6e3HaA^>KAeH'b a hopeless; —ho ad — 
ly, past hope; — HOCTb / hopelessness. 

6e3HaKd3aHi> a unpunished; —ho ad 
with impunity; — HOCTb / impunity. 

6e3Hawd.neHi>, — CTBem. a having no 
chief, anarchical; —ho ad anarchi- 
cally; — Jine n anarchy. 

6e3H6r'b a footless. 

6e3H6c'b a noseless. 

6e3HpiBCTBeH-b a immoral, —ho ad 
— ly; HOCTb / immorality. 

GesoSHaeHT. a inoffensive; — ho ad — ly. 

6e366jia4eH'b a cloudless; — ine n — ness. 

eesoepiaeH-b a Shameful, mean; — ho 
ad — ly; — 3He n —ness, impudence, 
shame; roaa e ro.»itMO — 3He, that is 
a mean shame. 

6e3oniceH'b a sale, secure; —ho ad 
— ly; —HOCTb / safely, securely. 

Sesop^^HCCHT. a unarmed; defenceless. 

CesoTBtTeHT. a unable fo give an an- 
swer; speechless, silent; irresponsible; 
—HO ad Without answering, silently; 
—HOCTb / inability to give an answer 
or justify oneself. 

6e30TBiTCTBeHT. a irresponsible; —ho 
ad — biy; — HOCTb / — bility. 



0e3OTroBopeH-b 



10 



(SeacjitAeH'b 



CeaoTroBdpeH'b v CeaoTB-feTeH-b. 

CeaoTp^ACH-b a inconsolable, sad; deso- 
late; —HO ad — ly; — HOCTb / discon- 
solateness, deep affliction. 

(JeaoTq^TeH-b a unaccountable; irrespon- 
sible; — Hoarf— bly; — HOCTb / —bility. 

6e36qHe n shamelessness, shamefaced- 
ness, boldness; — jiHS-b a shameles, 
bold; — jiHBo ad — ly; — ;iHBocTb / v 
6e30MHe. 

6e3n^MeTeHi> a having no memory, 
forgetful; — HOCTb / deficiency of me- 
mory, forgetfulness. 

CeanapHMeHb a moneyless; — hhc n want 
of money. 

CeanMreHb a gratuitous, free; —ho ad 
— ly, free, gratis. 

6eanjidAeHi> a sterile, unfertile; useless; 
—HO ad — ly; — AHe n sterility, infe- 
cundity; barrenness. 

(Jeanji-bTeH-b a incorporeal, bodiless; —ho 
ad — ly; — nocTb / incorporeity. 

CeanorpiuieH-b a sinless, infal'ible; fault- 
less; — HO ad — ly; — nocTb / — ness, 
infallibility (of the Pope). 

6eanoA66eHb a incomparable, unequal- 
led, matchless. 

6e3noK<5si va to disturb, disquiet, trouble, 
inconvenience, bother, annoy; to mo- 
lest, harrass; to bore; He fl-feftre ine 
— M, don't disturb me; Toea ine mhofo 
— H, that worries me a great deal; 
— ce vpr to feel anxious, worry, be vex- 
ed; to be disturbed, troubled; to be 
annoyed; we ce — (ire, don't be dis- 
turbed; don't worry; — ene n disturbing, 
troubling; disturbance, ^rouble, in- 
convenience; anxiety, worry; — enb a 
uneasy, rest ess, nervous; uncormfort- 
able; agitated; turbulent; — Who ad un- 
easy, restlessly, uncomfortably, ner- 
vously; — HcTBHe, — iicTBo n inconve- 
nience, trouble; restlessness, uneasiness, 
unquietness, anxiety; disturbance; tur- 
bulence. 

Geanoji^aeH-b a useles, inutile, unprofit- 
able; — HO a — ly, to no purpose, in 
vain; — HOCTb / uselessness, inutility; 
unprofitableness. 

eean^MomeHb a helpless; unaided; — ho 
ad — ly; — liocTb / — ness. 

CeanopoHeHb a immaculate, innocent, 
faultless; —ho ad — ly; — hoctb / 
—ness, innocence. 



5e3nop^Ai>K-b n disorder, confusion; 
— qen-b disorderly; — qno ad disor- 
derly, in confusion; — qnocTb / disor- 
derliness; disorder. 

Ceanom^Aen-b a merciless, pitiless; —ho 
ad — ly, without pity; — HOCTb / un- 
mercifulness, unsparing ness. 

6eanpHM-fepeH-b a unexampled, unprece- 
dented, unparalleled; —ho ad without 
example. 

6e3npHHUHneH-b a unprincipled, unscrupu- 
lous. 

GeanpHCTpdcTen-b a impartial; disinte- 
rested; —ho rtrf—ly; — THC rt, —HOCTb 
/ —ness, impartiality. 

GeanptAtjieHb a limitless, boundless; 
endless; — nocTb / boundlessness, in- 
finity. 

Seanp-feKocjioBeHb a incontestable, in- 
disputable; submissive; — ho ad — ly; 
— BHe n, — HOCTb / —ness. 

SeanptHHTCTBen-b a unimpeded, unop- 
posed; —HO ad without hindrance; — 
HOCTb / no opposition, no obstacle. 

GeaHMTeHii a having no roads, irregular; 
lawless; — ho ad aimlessly; loosely, 
disorderly; — nocTb/, — ctbo wdisorder- 
liness; lewdness. 

6eapaa66peHb a indiscriminating; —ho 
ad promiscuously. 

SespaajiHqHo ad making no difference, 
all the same, immaterially; xosa e — aa 
Mene, that doesn't make any difference 
to me; — qne n uniformity. 

6eapa3c;KAeH'b a imprudent, unreason- 
able; unthoughtful; — ho ad — ly; — 
HOCTb / imprudence; indiscretion. 

Seap^ACH-b a orderless; — AHe n, — AHua 
/ lack of order; disorder. 

6e3p6AeHb a having no parents or rela- 
tions; without offspring; — Ka / one in 
this world; a childless woman. 

6eap6noTeHb a not murmuring, patient, 
submissive; — ho ad without murmur, 
submissively, with resignation 

Ceap^^K-b a without hands, armless. 

fieacB-fecTeHb a v eeacbanaTejieH-b. 

6e3CMjieH-b a powerless, impotent, weak; 
— HO ad — !y; — .hmc n —ness, impo- 
tence. 

6e3CJidBeHb a tameless, infamous; dis- 
graceful; —HO ad ly. 

SeacJioB^cen-b a speechless, dumb. 

SeacjiiiAeH'b a trackless, leaving no tra- 



GescMHCJieHi. 



6e3HOB'feqeHT> 



ces; —HO ad without leaving any tra- 
ces; irrevocably. 

eeacMHCJiCHT. a senseless, unmeaning; ab- 
surd; thoughtless, inconsiderate; — ho 
ad — ly ; — hoctb / thoughtlessness; fool- 
ishness; — jiHita / absurdity, nonsence, 
foolishness. 

6e3CM-bpTeHi> a immortal, eternal; — 
HOCTb / immortality. 

6e3CHt>KeH'b a snowless. 

6e3c6jieH-b a saltless, unsavory; flat; — 
HO ad without salt; unsavorily; flatly, 
flat; —HOCTb / unsavoriness. 

6e3c6qeH'b a juiceless, sapless; — mhc n, 
—HOCTb / — ness. 

6e3cn6peH-b a incontestable; unquestion- 
able; — HO ad — bly, without any 
question, without any doubt; — hoctb / 
incontestability; indefeasibility. 

descpaMeHi) a shameless, impudent; — 
HO ad — ly; — mhc n, — HOCTb / — 
ness, impudence. 

6e3cp6HeH'b a unlimited in time; — ho ad 
for an unlimited time. 

6e3CTHfleH'b a v 6e3cpaMeHT>. 

6e3CTpicTeH-b a impassionate; —ho ad 
— ly; — HOCTb /, — THe n impassiona- 
bility; apathy. 

6e3CTpduieHi. n fearless, undaunted, in- 
trepid; —HO ad — ly; — HOCTb /, — 
uiHC n —ness, intrepidity. 

6e3C'bBtCTeHi. a unscrupulous, dishonest; 
—HO ad — ly; •«-HOCTb / —ness, dis- 
honesty; — HHK1. m unscrupulous person. 

6e3cT>3HiTejieHT> a unconscions; — ho 
ad —\y; —HOCTb / —ness. 

6e3C'bHeH'b a sleepless, wide-wake; — 
HHC^, — HHua / sleeplessness, insomnia 

Seac-bpA^weHT. a heartless; —ho ad — !y; 
— HOCTF f, — qne n —ness, lack of leeling. 

SeactMeneH-b a seedless. 

GeacfeHeH-b a shadeless, unshaded. 

6e3TajiaHTeH'b a untalanted, ungiited. 

6e3Tp6neTHO ad fearlessly, intrepidly. 

eesTtji^ccH-b a bodiless, incorporeal; — 
HOCTb / incorporeality. 

6e3yKopeH-b, — pMSHCH'b a irreproach- 
able, spotless; —ho ad — ly; — HOCTb 
/ —ness, 

6e3yMeH'b a unwise, imprudent, foolish; 
insane, mad; —ho ad — ly; — mhc, — 
CTBo n imprudence, absurdity, foolish- 
ness; insanity; — CTByeaM-b vn to act 
or talk foolishly; to rave. 



6e3ynptqeH-b v 6e3yKopeH'b. 

6e3ycjidBeH'b a unconditional; — ho ad 
— ly; —HOCTb / uncondilionality; abso- 
luteness. 

6e3ycn'buieH'b a unsuccessful; — ho ad 

— ly; —HOCTb / —ness. 
6e3yT'tuieH'b a disconsolate, inconso'able; 

— HO ad — ly; — HOCTb / disconso- 
lation. 

663^X1. a earless. 

6e3yM^CTeHT. a taking no part, neutral; 
— THC n non-participation, neutra'ity. 

CesxapAKTcpeH-b a characterless, unprin- 
cipled, uscrupulous; — nocTb / want of 
character, unscrupulousness. 

6e3uSipcTBHe n anarchy. 

6e3uB-tTeH'b a flowerless; colourless; 
—HOCTb / lack of flowers or of colours; 
paleness. 

6e3uepeM6HeH'b a unceremonious; — ho 
ad — ly; HOCTb / lack of ceremonies. 

fieaiitjieHT. a aimless; useless; — ho ad 

— ly, to no purpose, in vain; joaa e — 
ho, that is use. ess. 

desutneH-ba precious priceless; — nocTb 
/ priceless thing; a jewel 

6e3MiAeH'b, — H^jieaeH-b a childless, with- 
out offspring; — ahc n childlessness. 

eesMCJioBtqeH-b a inhuman; —ho ad 
— ly; -MHC n, — HOCTb /inhumanity. 

6e3q6cTeH'b a dishonest (person), disho- 
nourable (methods), ignominious; —ho 
ad — ly; — thc n dishonour, ignominy, 
infamy; disgrace; —HocTb/ dishonesty, 
improbity; — th va to dishonour, vio- 
late; to defame. 

6e3H6TeH'b a countless, unumbered, in- 
numerable; — HO ad without count, 
withont number; promiscuously. 

6e3miHeHi> a unmannered, indisciplined, 
indecorous; —ho ad unmanneriy, in- 
decently; — HHe, CTBO n unmanner- 
ly conduct, disorderliness, licentiousness; 
— CTByBaM-b vn to act or behave un- 
mannerly; to riot. 

6e3MHCJieH'b a countless, numberless; 
—HO ad without count, innumerably; 
— HOCTb / innumerableness. 

6e3Mji6H(eH)'b a having no member; 
without joints. 

6e3HOB'bqeHT> a inhuman; — ho ad — ly, 
cruelly; — HOCTb / inhumanity, cruelty. 



6e3qyBCTBeHi> 



12 



6hp« 



fJesHyBCTBeH'b a senseless, insensible, 
unfeeling; —ho ad — ly; — bhc n, 
— HOCTb / — ness, insensibility; apathy. 

<563-b prep without; but, excluding, with- 
exeption; — x;i-k6'b, without bread; 
BCHMKH — CAHHb, all but one; — TOBa, 
without that; save that. 

Celt mt beg, bey, lord. 

Cell inter] great heavens! mercy! eh! oh! 

CeK^Cb m snipe, woodcock. 

6eKRp-b mt bachelor; — ctbo n bache- 
lorship, single-life. 

Ce^ierpHCTHKa / polite-literature, belles- 
letters; — qecKH a of polite literature; 
TpHCT-b m writer of polite literature; 
literary man; person of literary taste. 

C^jiKH adt V MO>Ke 6m. 

CeJiH ft difficulty, mishap, trouble, ill-luck. 

6eHeBp^i|H pi narrow trousers. 

CeHe^iHCb m benefice. 

CensHH'b m benzine. 

ti^HT-b m dam; mole, mound, bank. 

6epil va to pick, gather; to collect, accu- 
mulate; to bear, suifer; — rposAe, to 
pick grapes; Aa My — pe rp-fex-bx-b, he 
should give answer to God for him; 
— Ayuia, to be dying, suffer death's 
agonies; — thoH, to suppurate; — Boft- 
CKa, to muster troops; — cpaivn., to be 
exposed to shame; — ce vpr to be pick- 
ed, gathered; to be collected; — pene 
n picking, gathering, collecting; suppu- 
ration; H 6paHe; — M-b m picker, gathe- 
rer; collector; — peiUT. pres p; — puT6a 
/ harvest; crop. 

6ep6ep(MH)'b m barbar; — HHua / bar- 
bar-shop; — CKH a barbar's, of a bar- 
ber; — CTBO n barbar business; — qe n 
dim little barbar 

6epHJii> m berill (min). 

6epHT6a / crop; harvest. 

CecfeABawcb vn to converse, discourse; 
to lecture; — ne n conversing, discours- 
ing; — Ka / bower, grove, arbour. 

6h subj be, would; jia ne — , lest it be; 
He 6h — jio 3nt, it woulnd't be bad; 
KOH — Aouiejn>, who would come? 

6M6a / turkey; v nytiKa, MHCHpKa. 

6H6;itiorpd(})-b m bibliographer; — 4)Mqe- 
CKH a bibliographic, —a!; — <))hh / bib- 
liography. 

6H6jiHOT^Ka / library; book-case; — Kdpb 
m librarian; — K^pcKH a librarian's, of 
a librarian; — qeHi. a library (book), of 
library, library's. 



6H6.nHfi / Bible; — Ji^en-b, — ji^Uckh a 

Bible (lesson), Bible's (testimony), Bib- 
lical (reference). 

6HBa imp v will do, will answer, is ail- 
right; — HJiH He — fla OTHAa, may or 
may I not go? He — , no; xosa — , that 
will do, is all right; hc — aa npaBHre 
Tb<i, you should'nt do so. 

6HBdK-b m bivouac- — qern. a bivouac, 
of Bivouac. 

6HBdjIHlia / V CbCHTHC. 

CHBaM-b vn to be, become; to happen, 

take place; — bt. HeAoyM-bnue, to be 

puzzled, not to know what to do; — 

HaKasaH-b to be punished; — HSJii- 

rani), to get fooled. 
Ghbojiii m buffalo; — Jidp-b m cowboy; 

— jiapcKH a cowboy's, of a cowboy; — 

jiHua / buffalo cow; — ckh a buffalo, 

bu falo's, of a buffalo. 
6MBuib a former; late; ex (president) 
6HraMMii / bigamy 
Shaoxt. pt V 6«.Aa. 
6MeHe n beating; drubbing; v 6hh. 
6HeHT» ppp V 6hh. 
6Hemi> pres p v 6hh. 
SHK-b m bull; steer; — q^ n dim young 

bull; —KorjiaB-b a stubborn, stiflneck- 

ed, self-wil!ed. 
6MKo56peu-b m bull-fighter; —ctbo n 

bullfighting. 
6MJie, — jiwe n herbs; greens. 
6H;ie(M-b) ad even, too, besides. 
Shji^ti. m ticket; billet, bill; note, card; 

TeaTpajieH-b — , theater-ticket; OTnyc- 

KeHT> — , ticket of leave. 
6MJinpA'b rn billiards; — acht. a billiard 

(table) 
CHjiHdH-b m billion; — HCH-b a billion. 
6HJIK1 / herb; — qHua / dim blade (of 

grass). 
6hjio n summit, peak, top. 
Chjit. pp V 6hh, 6*.Aa. 
fiHiweTajiMS-sM-b m bimetalism. 
SHHdK'bJi'b m opera glass, binode. 
CHHdM-b m binom, binomial (alg). 
6HHTT. m bandage, ligature. 
6Horpa<})i> m biographer: — (fjiiqeH-b, — 

(})HqecKH, a biographical; — (|)HqecKH 

ad biographically; — (J)hh, biography. 
6noa6r-b m biologue; — rHqen-b, — rii- 

qecKH a biologica'; — rnqecKH ad 

biologically; — fmh / biology. 
Siipa / beer; —piinf beer-house, saloon; 

buffet. 



6HpHHK-b 



13 



CjiaroAtrejib 



6HpHHK-b m taxgatherer; —mcckh a tax- 
gatherer's; — HCCTBo n receiver's office; 
collecting or levying of taxes. 

6HC^P'b m pearl; — pcH-b a pearl; pear- 
ly, pearline; — poBHitcH-b a pearl-like. 

6HCKeT-b m bisquit. 

6HCMyTT> m bismuth. 

CMCTT.p'b a clear (sight), limpid (water), 
transparent (glass); — rpHHa, — rpora 
/ — ness, transparence, serenity. 

6MCTpii va to clarify, make clear; -— ce 
vpr +0 be c'arified, made clear; to clear; 
—peHe« clarifying;clarification; clearing. 

6HTBa / V 6HTKa. 

6HTHe n being, existence, state; genesis 

(Bible). 
6HTKa / battle; combat. 
6HTHocTb / life, existence, history. 
6HTonHc4Tejib m chronicler, historian; — 

HHe n chronicle, history. 
eMTT. m existence, life; state, condition. 
6hti. ppp beaten (v 6Ha); —to cupeHe 

skimmilk cheese. 
Chxt. cond V 6*Aa. 

6HX-b pt V 6Hfl. 

6HMa z/a tosaw; — KHAWiittHHua, — khD- 
Ha, — KHiiHHua, — khh / sawmill; — 
KHA>KMH m sawyer, sawer. 

6H«n. m whip, scourge; plague (fig). 

enqyaaM-b va to whip, scourge; — ce 
vpr to be whipped; to be scourged; — 
He n whipping; flagellation. 

6mh va to beat, strike; to fell; to 
drive into; to toll; to flap, clap; to send 
(a telegram); to whip (eggs); to ham- 
mer fmetal); to shake (butter); to shoot 
(birds); to rout (an enemy); vn to throb 
{of pulse), beat; to incline, savour to; 
— ce to beat oneself; +o beat each 
other; to fight (a duel); to beat, strike 
against; to struggle: to be beaten, pu- 
nished; — ene « beating; — emT> pres p; 
— HMT. m beater. 

6jidra-nanpaT'b m sweetwort (bot). 

6jiarAT'b a blessed, happy, fortunate. 

S.narH'fefl vn to have a sweet taste. 

6jiiroarfsweet, sugary; kindly (in speak- 
ing); " good, welfare, weal; o6mo — , 
common welfare. 

ejiaroBHAem. a noble, of good appear- 
ance, becoming, plausible; — HocTb / 
good appearance, seemliness. 

6jiaroBOJi4HHe n good-will, benevolence; 
favour, good pleasure, will; — jiHrejib m 



well-wisher, favourer; — jiHBaivn. vn to 
condenscend, deign; to have one's favour 
or good-will. 

6jiaroB5HeH-b a fragrant, aromatic, sweet- 
smelling; —HHe n iragrance, aroma. 

6jiaroBptMeHeH-b a timely, seasonable; 
— HO ad timely, in good season; — mhc 
n timeliness. 

6jiaroB-b3nHTaH'b a well-bred, well-edu- 
cated, of good manners; — nocTb / 
good breeding. 

^jiaroBtpne n — nocTb / orthoxody. 

6jiaroBtcTHe n good tidings, gospel; — 
TMTejib m evangelist, messenger of good 
tidings; — th, — nyadLWh vn to bring 
sweet tidings, preach the gospel. 

SjidroBeu-b m — Btm^nne n Annun- 
ciation. 

6jiarorjidcHe n euphony. 

SjiaroroB-feen-b a reverent, respectful, ve- 
nerable; — Hho ud — ly; with awe. 

6jiaroroB4ji vn to revere, venerate; — 
ene n revering, venerating; reverence, 
veneration; h 6jiaroroB-feHHe; — em-b 
pres p. 

6j]aroAap^HHe n thanks, grateful acknow 
ledgenient; — Bory, thank God! xosa 
CTana, — neiwy, this wouldn't have been 
done but for him. 

6j]aroA^peHi. a thankful, grateful; — ho 
ad — ly; — HOCTb / —ness, gratitude. 

ejiaroA^pcTBeHi. a thanksgiving (dinner), 
praise (service). 

6jiaroAapH vn to thank, give thanks to, 
to be thankful; — Bory, thank God; 
— pere My aa MeHe, give him my thanks, 
thank him for me; -pere ce le ce h3- 
6aBHXTe, you should feel thankful that 
you were saved. 

ejiaroA^Tb / divine grace, blessing, be- 
nevolence; — TCJieHT. a beneficient; — 
TCHT. a blessed, of blessing, abundant; 
ATiWAi* — AareHTj, showers of blessing. 

SjiaroA^HCTBen-b a prosperous; — ho 
ad — ly; — CTBHe n prosperity, happi- 
ness; — CTByBaM-b vn to thrive, flou- 
rish, to be prosperous; — CTByBane n 
enjoying prosperity; living happy. 

CjiaroAyuien-b a good-natured, good- 
hearted, benignant; — ho ad—\y; — uine 
n, — HOCTb/ good-naturedness, benigni- 
ty; placidity. 

e.naroAtTeJib m benefactor; — Ka / be- 



GjiaroMcejiarejib 



14 



SjiaroyroAJiHB-b 



nefactress; — jien-b a beneficient, bene- 
ficia', charitable; — HOCT-b / chari- 
tableness, beneficence; — CTBysaM-b va 
to do good, favour, load with favours 
or kindness; — nHMe n good deed, 
charity; favour, kindness; benefit 

6;iaro>Keji^Tejib m, — Ka / well-wisher, 
a L '"volent person, a friend; — ctbo n 
bene . ience; — h vn to wish good to 
othe.s, wish (one) well, cherish kind 
feelings towards (one). 

6jiaro3ByqeH'b a melodious, harmonious; 
— HO ad — ly; — mhc n, — HOCTb / 
harmony, euphony. 

6jiaroif3DpdH-b a well -chosen. 

6jiaroH'iBOJiHBaM-b vn to deign, conden- 
send; — Ji^Hue n good-will, consent. 

Cjiarojiinen-b a noble, splendid, magni- 
ficent; —nwe n beauty, magnificence. 

CjiaroMMCJieH'b a well-meaning, well- 
intentioned, of good intentions. 

6jiaroHaA^>KAeH'b a hopeful, of promise, 
promising; — HOCTb/ hopefulness; pro- 
mise. 

6;iaroHaMtpeH-b a well-intentioned; — 
HO ad with a good intention, meaning 
well; —HOCTb / good-intention. 

CjiaroHpdBeH-b a of good morals, well 
behaved, of good breeding; — bhc n 
good morals, morality; good manners. 

6jiaroo6pa3eH-b v SjiaroBHACH-b. 

6.narono>KejiaBaM'b vn to wish well, con- 
gratulate, felicitate; — Bh luacTHeJ wish 
you happiness! — ne a congratulating; 
congratulation; — ji<^HHe n congratula- 
tion, felicitation. 

djiaronojiyneHT. a fortunate, happy, safe; 
— HO ad — -ly, hapilly; npHCTHrnaxMe 
— HO, we arrived safely; — qne n feli- 
city, happinness, good luck. 

CjiaronpHB-tTCTByBaM-b va to welcome; 
— He n welcoming; welcome. 

6jiaronpHjiHqeH-b a of good appearance, 
becoming, decent; — ho ad becoming- 
ly, decently, with propriety; — mhc n 
propriety, decency, decorum. 

fijiarcnpHCToCH-b a decent, proper, be- 
coming; —mho ad ly; — flHOCxb / de- 
cency, propriety; becomingness. 

6jiaronpHaTeH-b a favourable; opportune, 
timely; propitious, auspicious; accepta- 
ble; —HO ad — ly, timely. 

CjiaronpHHTCTByBaMT. va to favour, be 



propitious; —He n favoring, actingu 
auspiciously. 

6jiaropa3cAAeH-b, — AiireJieH'b a judi- 
cious, considerate, thoughtful; — HO ad 
— ly; —HOCTb / judiciousness, thought- 
fulness. 

6jiaropa3c^M<A^BaM-b vn to reason ju- 
diciously, think over wisely. 

6jiaropa3yMeH-b a wise, prudent; reaso- 
nable, considerate; cautions; —ho ad 
— ly; — MHe n, — nocTb/ prudence, good 
common sense. 

6jiaropa3noji6}KeH-b a well-disposed, fa- 
vourably inclined; in good spirits; —>k6- 
HHe n good-will, consent; good-spirits. 

GjiaropofleH-b a noble, high-born, gentle; 
— HO ad nobly; in a dignified manner; 
— AHC n noble birth; Honour (title); — 
CTBo« nobility, noble birth; good-breed- 
ing; dignity. 

6jiaroc^pAHe n kind-hartedness, cordia- 
lity. 

6jiarocKji<5HeH-b a favourable, well-in- 
clined; benevolent; —ho ad — ly; — 
HOCTb/ good-will, benevolence, favour, 
sanction. 

6jiarocJi^BflM'b va to bless, give one's 
blessing; to ask the blessing, hallow 
(bread); to endow, bless with; to praise 
(God); — ce vpr to be blessed; — ue n 
blessing, giving one's blessing; asking 
the blessing; praising; — cjioB^HHe n 
blessing, benediction; — cjiob^ht. a bles- 
sed, blest. 

SjidrocTb / kindness, goodness; mercy. 

GjiarocbpA^ieni. a kindhearted; — 4He n 
kindheartedness. 

6jiaroc-bCTOHHHe n well-being, welfare; 
prosperity. 

SjiaroTBopen-b a beneficial, salutary; fa- 
vourable; —HO ad — ly; — HOCTb / — 
ness, beneficence. 

djiaroT-bpntHHe n patience, forbearance; 
— jiHB-b a forbearing, patient; — jihbo 
ad — ly. 

ejiaroTBopHTeJiCHT. a charitable; bene- 
ficent, — AOM-b, charity-house; —ho 
adv — ly; — HOCTb / charitablenes, cha- 
rity, beneficence; — TCJib m benefactor; 
— TCJiKa / benefactress. 

GjiaroyroACH-b a agreable, well-pleasing; 
— Hoarfagreably, acceptably; — HOCTb; 
—ness, condensation. 

SjiaroyroAJiHB-b a aimiable, officious. 



6jiaroycMOTpeHHe 



15 



6jiyAKaBi> 



complaisant; —bo ad — ly; — Bocxb/ 
— ness, complaisance. 

6jiaroycMOTp6HHe n good judgement, 
discretion. 

<J;iaroycTp6flBaMT>, — HBaivn> va to or- 
ganise, put in good order, arrange; — 
He n organising, arranging well; good 
organisation* — cht. a well organised, 
in good order, well-kept; — ctbo n good 
order, good organisation or arrange- 
ment; plan, 

CjiaroyTpoeeH-b a tender-hearted, com- 
passionate; — 6He n —ness, compassion. 

^jiaroyxdHeH-b a aromatic, fragrant, 
sweet-smelling; —ho ad fragrantly, 
odorously; — hhc n fragrance, aroma. 

CjiaroHecTHB-b a pious, godly, devout; 
—BO ad piously, devoutly; — wicxHe n 
piety, devotion, godliness. 

6jiaroHMHeH-b a orderly, decorous, of 
good manners; — ho ad orderly, deco- 
rously; -HHC n decorum, orderliness. 

6jiaryBaM-b vn to enjoy life, live happy, 
to thrive, prosper; — ne n happiness, 
enjoyment. 

Cjidrii a sweet, sugary; kind amiable, 
gentle ("soul); — ro ad — ly; sweet; n 
welfare, well-being, good; — rocxb / 
sweetness (of taste); kindness, gentle- 
ness (of disposition). 

Cjiaxc^H-b a blessed, happy; blissful, for- 
tunate; — HH cHpoMacHT-fe, blcssed or 
happy are the poor; — ctbo n blessed- 
ness, happiness, blissfulness, beatitude, 
bliss; — CTByBaiw-b vn to enjoy 
happiness, be happy, enjoy felicity; 
— CTByBane n enjoying life, felicity or 
happiness; happiness. 

6jid>Ka vn to eat flesh (on fast days); — 
iKene n eating meat, breaking fasting; 
— JKCH-b a greasy, oily; — jkcht. ^enb, 
a day on which meat may be eaten. 

6jia3^ ad and interj blessed, happy, 
fortunate; — iwy, blessed is he; bless 
his soul ! 

6ji^3hh va to tempt; to tease; — ce vpr 
to be tempted to be teased; — nene n 
tempting, teas'ng, enticing; — HHrejib m 
tempter; teaser; — 3-bHb / temptation, 
enticement. 

Cjiana / tan-cake. 

6jiaHKa / blank (sheet of paper). 

Cjiaro n pond, swamp, marsh; — reHi. 
a poud (lily), marsh (fever), swamp 
(root), marshy, swampy; of a pond; 



— TMCTT> a marshy, swampy; — Tiime 
n marsh land, swamps; — hhkt. m 
marshmarigold (bot)\ swamps. 

6ji6HAa / blend (min). 

6;i6HKa / pebble, marble. 

6;iH>Ka vn to lick; to lap (o/ cats); — ce 
vpr to lick each other {of cattle); to be 
licked; — .MceHe n licking, lapping; — 
Mcen-b, — aan-b ppp. 

6jiH>KeH-b a near, closely-related, kin- 
dred; intimate (friend); neighbouring 
(village); n near-relation, kindred, re- 
lative; neighbour. 

6jiH3HdKi> m twin-brother or sister; — uh 
pi twins (brothers or sisters); —Me n 
dim little twin brother or sister; -ha 
vn to twin, give birth to twins, bring 
forth twins; — nene n twinning, brin- 
ging forth (giving birth to) twins; — 
HHua / a woman that twins. 

6JIH3HH^a / steel (in mending imple- 
ments). 

6;iH3-b a near, closely related; ad near, 
close by; ott. — h fla.iie4-b, from far 
and wide; — 3o ad near, close by; near- 
ly, closely; well-nigh, almost, about; 
close to; — 30 ao TeaTi^pa, near (or close 
to) the theater; — 30CTb, — sora / 
nearness, closeness; proximity. 

SjiHS-bK-b a near, closely-reiated, related, 
intimate; neighbouring; — ko ad near, 
close-by, near-by, close to; e-b — ko 6a- 
fleme, in the near future; — KOCTb / 
nearness, closeness; proximity. 

6jiHkaM-b vn to gush out, spout, jet, well 
up, issue forth, oreak forth; to burst in 
streams; to bubble (in boiling); Kp-bsbxa 
My — uie H3b Hoca, his blood was 
gushing forth from his nose; ptKH-iKara 
— uie, the brook came down in streams; 
—He n gushing, welling up, jetting; 
bubbling; — Baiwb progress t\ — na pres 
subj H pret; — najii. ppp. 

6aoKAjia. f blockade; — KHpaiH-b va to 
blockade; — Kupane n blockading; — 
KHpaH-b ppp. 

6jiOH;iHH'b m blond person; — Ka / dim 
b'onde, a blond girl. 

Cjiokt. m b'ock; slab; —Me n dim a 
small block. 

e.iya^KaB-b a tasteless, luscious, insipid; 
flat; —BO ad — ly, flat; — bhhb, — 
BOCTb / —ness, insipidity; mawkish- 
ness. 



6jiyAJIMB-b 



CoraT'b 



6jiyAJiMB-b a mischievous, blackguard, 
rude; —bo ad — ly; — boctb / mischie- 
vousness. 

CjiyACTByBBM'b vn to fornicate, commit 
adultery, have immoral relations with; 
to live licentiously; —He n leading an 
immoral lite, having immoral relations 
with; fornication. 

6jiyAb/ fornication, lechery; adultery; — 
ACH-b a lewd, dissolute, lecherous; pro- 
digal (son); — AHJiHme n whorehouse; 
— HHK1. n a .ewd person, fornicator; — 
HMua / a lewd woman, fornicatress, 
adulteress; — ctbo n,\ 6nyKb. 

6;iyAOA'feeuT> m v fijiyAHHKT.; — HHHe[« 
adultery; fornication. 

6nyyKJi&9 vn to err, wander, roam, ram- 
ble; to deceive oneself; — hc n er- 
ring, wandering, roaming; — emT> pres p. 

6jiy3a / blouse (garment). 

G.n'bCKaM-b (-Ha) va to push, shove; to 
thrust, slam (a door); to knock, strike 
with force; to hit, bu*t, collide with; to 
crowd in; — ci. piKKara, to push ("a per- 
son) with one's hand; — cm rjiaBara, to 
knock one's head, beat one's head; — 
ce vpr to push one another; to jostle; 
to strike against, run against; HeatHxe 
ce — Ka don't push (each other); — He ti 
pushing, shoving; slamming (a door); 
knocking, striking; push; — HHua /push, 
jam, crowding, jamming, pushing. 

6ji-bCHyBaMi> va to shove, slam (the 
door); — ce vpr to be shoved, slam- 
med; to hit, run against; — naji-b app; 
— Har-b ppp pushed; slammed; a crack- 
ed, a little off. 

6ji-kA(eH)i> a pale, pallid; —ho ad — ly, 
pale; — hoctb / paleness, pallour. 

6ji'bflHdji'i> ppp V fijita. 

eji-feAH-f.ji vn to grow or turn pale; to get 
dim; — chc n growing or turning pale; 
— emt pres p. 

6ji%H-b m dream, vision, reverie; — ny- 
BaiMi. vn to dream, be lost in dream, 
fall into a reverie. 

6jiiAaBi>, — HHKaB-b a palish, rather pale. 

6ji'^KHa V 6.ni-feflHa. 

CjitHBaiH'b vn to bleat; — na siibj h 
perf; v 6x^9. 

6jitH-b m, — HHKa /, —HO 6HJie n hen- 
bane (bot). 

6jitc(Hy)BaM-i> vn to flash, blaze, gleam. 



glisten; — ne/i flashing; flash; — na subj 
H per/;— Haji-b ppp flashed; flashing, a- 
blaze. 

6jitcKaM-b vn to shine, gleam, twinkle, 
glitter, sparkle; — ne n sparkling, twink- 
ling, glittering; — bhh& / glitter, spark- 
ling; brightness; splendour; — K^BHua/ 
lightning; flash. 

6ji-fecKa ce imp v it lightens, it flashes 
{of lightning); it glitters {of light). 

ejitcTH vn to shine, glitter, sparkle, be 
resplendent, gleam; — rene n shining, 
sparkling, glittering; — rem'b pres p. 

6ji'bc('bK)'b m lustle, glare, splendour; — 
qen-b a glaring, glittering, flashy. 

6ji'femyKaM'H vn to sparkle, twinkle {of 
stars), shimmer, glimmer; —He spark- 
ling, twinkling; glimmering; sparkle, 
twinkle, glimmer. 

6ji-bmd V oji-fecTJi. 

6jituiy,nKa v CBtryjiKa. 

Cjitx-b cramp, cramp-iron. j 

6jitH vn to bleat; — ene n bleating; — 
em-b pres p. 

CjiKSeaMii to vomit, throw; — ne n vo- 
miting. 

6jikSao rt dish, platter; — ue n dim small 
dish, saucer. 

6J]lOAOJIH3HH^a vn to conrt favours, flat- 
ter; to live by flattery; — aeui. m fla- 
terer, sponge, parasite; — MecTBO n 
sponging, courting favours, hanging on. 

CjiiocTMTejib m keeper, watch; — .nen-b a 
watchful, vigilant; — HOCTb / vigilance, 
watchfulnes. 

6oa / serpent (and fur). 

6o&3-h mt defile, gorge. 

6061. mt bean, beans; bean-plant; — 6eHT» 
a bean; — Gobhacht. a bean, bean-like; 
— 60BH pacreHHn /?/ leguminous plants; 
rypcKH — , kidney bean. 

6066& m perch (fish). 

6o66HKa / berry; — kobmacht. a berry- 
like, bacciform. 

6o66t5i vn to bellow, roar, murmur; to 
bustle, to bluster; — ne n bellowing, 
murmuring; murmur, bustle. 

ede-bp-b n beaver, castor. 

fiords-b m V Goia-b, 

GordTT. a rich, weathy, well-to-do; 
splendid; —to ad richly; fine, beau- 
tifully; — TiuiT. m rich man, wealthy 
person; — ckh a rich man's; — ctbo n 
riches, wealth. 



6oraTtsi 



IT 



60HCH 



(Sorarifl vn to get, grow, become rich or 
wealthy; to prosper; — eue n getting 
rich, growing wealthy. 

6orHHti / goddess. 

6oro66peui> m theomachist, a wrestler 
with God; — ctbo n theomachy; — CTBy- 
BaM-b vn to wrestle with Qod; to strive 
against God. 

6oro6oH3;iifB'b a God-fearing, godly, 
pious; — BO ad in the fear of Qod, 
piously; — ^3-bHb / fear of God. 

6oroBA'bXHOB^H-b a divinely given, in- 
spired by God. 

GoroBHAeHi* a God-like, divine; like a 
deity. 

66TOB-b V 6o>KH. 

6oroB'feAeui> m theologue. 

6oroA'bp>KdBHe n theocracy. 

6oro3H^HHe n theology. 

6oroH36p^Hi> a God-chosen, chosen of 
God. 

CorojiKS^eui* m lover of God, one who 
loves God; — fiiiB-b God-loving; — Chc 
n love of God. 

GoroMdrep-b / mother of God, Our Lady. 

6oroMdJieui> m — jiKa/ pilgrim, a manor 
woman of prayer; — jihc, —ctbo n 
praying; pilgrimage. 

6oroHeH^BHCTHHK-b tH God-hater; ungod- 
ly person. 

6orooTCTAnHHK'b m, — HHua / apostate. 

6oronpoTHBeH'b a unbelieving, ungodly; 
— HHK-b m a hater of God. 

BoropdAHua / Mother of God, Our Lady, 
the Virgin Mary; — qcHi. a St. Mary's. 

GoropdAHKHO-UBtTe n wild thyme (bot). 

6orocji5B-b m theologian, divine; — bhc 
n theology; — ckh a theologic, — al; ad 
theologically; — CTByBawb vn to theo- 
logise. 

6orocjiy}K^6eH-b a relating to divine 
service; religious; — hhc n divine service, 
religious worship; liturgy. 

6orocnacHM'b a saved by God. 

6oroTB6psi va to deify; to worship; — 
p^HHe n deification. 

6oroy6Heu'b m deicide; — Hctbo n deicide. 

6oroyr<iAeH-b a pleasing to God; —ho 
ad piously; — AHe n obedience to God, 
piety; — hhrt. m a godly person, God- 
pleasing man. 

6oroxBaJi^HHe n praising the Lord, glo- 
rification, thanksgiving. 

6oroxyjieH-b a blasphemous; — hc n 
blaspheming; -HHK-b m blasphemer; 



— CTBO n blasphemy; — CTBysaiM-b vn 
to blaspheme; — CTsyBane n blas- 
pheming. 

6oroHejiOBiK-b m God-man. 
GorotiBji^HHe n manifestation of God; 

Epiphany. 
Bon. m God; XBajia — ry; God be praised! 
BjiaroAapH — ry, I thank God; 3a — ra, 
for God's sake; — oqyBajii>, God forbid! 
— roBc pi gods. 
6oAd va to prick, stick, prickle; to butt; 
to gore; to spur; to goad on; — ce vpr 
to prick oneself; to be pricked; to 
prick each other; — Aene n pricking; 
— Aem-b pres p. — a^u* m prickle, 
prick; point, prong; spur. — a^jkt. m 
sticking pain; colic; — a^jii. m prickle, 
prick, thorn; spine. 

6oAHKaM-b va to botch, bungle, cobble; 
—He n botching, cobbling with a needle. 

6oAiiji-b m thistle; thorn-bush; — Ka / 
prickle, thorn; — jio n goad, prick; — 
le n dim v 6oahjii>. 

65AKa m fork. 

6dAKaM-b va to prick, botch; — hc n 
botching, pricking. 

6oAJiHB-b a pricky, sharp, thorny; goring, 
hooking; — Bem> m one who pricks; 
porcupine; — BOCTb / prickiness; incli- 
nation to butt or gore. 

6oajiok6>kh n pi animals of the por- 
cupine kind. 

6oAJion^pKa / porcupine fish, stickle- 
back. 

fioAt m. point, stick-end; needle; spur. 

66A'i>pcTByBaM'b vn to watch, sit up; to be 
awake, watchful, vigilant; — ne n watch- 
ing, sitting up; vigilance. 

66A'bp'b a vigilant, watchful; brave, bold, 
sound; fresh; — po' ad — ly; — pocTb 
/ vigilance, watchfulness; courage; vig- 
our, healthiness, freshness. 

66eB-b, — eu-b a war (vessel), military, 
fighting (qualities), battle (field), of battle. 

66eHe n fearing; anxiety, worrying. 

66Qu,'b m fighter, warrior; wrestler. 

B6}Ke interj my God! 

e^weMi, ad somewhat, as if. 

6o>K6cTBeHT» a divine, God-like; —ho ad 
divinely; — HOCTb / divine nature, di- 
vinity; — ctb6 n divinity; God, deity; 
God-head. 

Goxc^-Kp^BHqKa / lady bird {zool)\ a 
goody fellow. 

66»H a God's, of God; divine; — rpoC-b 
2 



60AtHK-h 



18 



6oci> 



m the Holy Sepulcher; — >Ka pa6oTa, 
the work of Ood; — jkc AP'bBue n south- 
ern-wood: — CTo uapcTBO n the King- 
dom of Ood. 

6o>KMKi> m Christmas. 

6o>Kypi> m double-blush peony; -^peH-b 
a peony. 

<5o36 / bozah, millet-ale. 

Cdsas-b a greyish. 

6o3&ii vn to suck; — ene n sucking; — 
ilHHK'b m sucker, suckling; fluHHe n 
dim suckling. 

6o3Aor^H'b m heavy sword. 

663Ka / teat, nip; — kh pi breast; na — -, 
sucking. 

663Ha ad God knows what. 

6oA m battle, fights combat; beating; ua 
— , to war; — hh a v Cocht.; — mjihiuc 
n battle-field; — HHua / battery (fortj. 

CoKJiyK-b mt dirt; chaff; dung-hill. 

6ojieAyBaMT> vn to be sick, ill; to suffer 
from; reft e —jit. roAHHH, he has been 
sick for years; — hc n sickness, illn6ss; 
suffering. 

6oji6im> m pain; soreness; ache. 

Goji^stteH-b a painful, sore; sickly; —ho 
ad painfully; — hoctb / pain, sore- 
ness, ache. 

ConCH-b a sick, ill; sickly, unwell. 

66necTb f sickness, illness; desease, ma- 
lady; TeiKKara — , typhoid-fever; — tch-b 
a sickish; —ho ad — ly. 

60JIH imp V it pains, aches, hurts, feels 
sore; rjiasara iwe — , I have a headache; 
Horara Me — , my foot is sore; yxoTO 
Me — , I have a earache. 

6djiKa / pain; desease, malady, fies-b — 
KH, painless, without pains. 

CojiHaB'b a sickly, sickish; — Bocxb / — 
ness; h 6ojiHHKaB-b, ScnHHwdB-b. 

SoJiHHK-b m patient, invalid; — ua / hos- 
pital, infirmary; — qdpb m nurse; — 
qeH-b a hospital, of a hospital. 

6o;iuiHHCTBd n majority, plurality. 

6ojiflpHH-b m boyard, magnate; — ckh a 
boyard's, of a boyard; — ctbo n rank 
of a boyard; aristocracy. 

6ojiflCBaM-b va to vaccinate, inoculate; — 
ce vpr to be vaccinated; —He n vac- 
cinating, inoculating; inoculation. 

66M6a / bomb, shell. 

6oM6apAHp'b m bombardier; — ckh a 
bombardier's, of a bombardier. 

6oM6apAMpaM-b va to bombard; — hc n 
bombarding; — ht» ppp bombarded. 



6oH6dH-b m bonbon; — a^pKa/ candy-box. 

6oH-b m obligation, bond; stock; no- 
mencKH — , money- order. 

6opiB{i vn to deal in, be engaged in, 
occupied with; to pursue; ci> KaKBO 
— BH ToM, what is his occupation? 
—Bene n dealing, doing; occupation; 
— Bcm-b pres p; — BHji-b ppp. 

6op^KC-b m borax. 

6op6d / struggle, strife; contest, combat, 
fight; wrestling match; — aa WHBOT-b, 
struggle for existence; 6HKOBa — , bull- 
fight; — npoTHB-b KopynuHHTa, a fight 
or campaign against corruption. 

66pBaM-b ce opt to be ready or willing 
to wrestle (with one); — ci. Hero, I 
would wrestle with him. 

6opA^h m basement. 

66peHe n v 66pji ce. 

66pecT-b a; — ra KHce.niHHa/ boracicacid. 

Sdpem-b pres p v 6opji ce. 

6op^U-b m wrestler; acrobat; prize-fighter; 
fighter, pioner; — 3a cBo6oAaTa, a 
fighter for liberty. 

6opHKa / pine, pine-tree; — kAmt. m pine- 
tree forest, pine-grove; — KOB-b a pine, 
pine-tree; of pine. 

66pHHa / pilchwood; — hcctt. a rich in 
pitch, pitchy. 

6opH4KaM'b ce vpr to wrestle playfully, 
tussle, tackle; to scramble; — ne n 
wrestling for fun; tussling; scrambling; 
scramble; — HHua / tussle, scramble. 

6opoBHHKa / bilberry, whortleberry. 

65pca / stock-exchange, exchange; — 
coB-b a stock - exchange (prices), of 
stock-exchange. 

66p-h m V Sop^KCb. 

fiop-b m Scotch-fir, pine; — poB-b a pine, 
fir; — pOBa ropa, pine-forest; — ne n 
young pine-tree, pine plant. 

66pa ce vpr to wrestle; to struggle, 
strive, fight; — 3a npHHunnH. to tight 
for principles; — pene n wrestling; 
struggling; struggle, strife; - peu^-b ce 
pres p. 

6ocHJieKb m hyssop, basil (bot). 

66cKa / V 6o3Ka. 

eocxdH-b mt V rpaAHHa. 

fiocb a H ad bare-footed, with bare 
feet; unshod (horse); shallow-minded, ig- 
norant; off; — ceuiKOM-b, — ceuiKdra, 
— CO ad bare-footed, with bare feet; 
superficially; — CHH'bK'b a, — chmko ad 
dim V Cocb; — cora / shallowness, 



6oTaHHKa 



19 



6paToy6Heu-b 



ignorance, superficiality; — caK-b m 

tramp. 
6oT^HHKa / botany; — hmk-b m botanist; 

HHKecKH a botanic, — al; ad — cally; — 

SffpatM'b va to botanise. 
CorpdK'b m BOAeH-b — , water-plantane. 
CoTyiui. m, —uidL. f boot; — uidpb m 

bootmaker; — uidpuHua / boot- shop; 

uidpcKH a boot- makers, of a l)oot-mak- 

er; — uidpcTso n boot-making; — we 

n dim small boot. 
6ox4^ / wrapper (of cloth). 
66uKaM-b va v 6oah> 6oAHKaM'b. 
GdUMaH-b m boatswain. 
6oH ft paint; colour, hue, shade, tint; 

dye; iKCJira — , yellow paint; jiHue cb 

xy6aBa — , a face of fine colour. 
6o«A>KHfi mt painter; dyer; — liHHua / 

dyehouse; — Hckh a dyeing; dyer's, of a 

dyer; — hcTso n dyeing; painting. 
6oflAHCBaM-b va to paint (a door, eic), 

dye (cloth), colour; to white-wash, cal- 
cimine; — ce vpr to be painted, dyed; 

to be white-washed; — hc n painting; 

dyeing, colouring; — cajii. app; — 

caH-b ppp. 
6o{i3jiHBi> a timid, timorous; coy; — bo 

ad — ly; — BOCTb / — ness; - Sa-bHb / 

fear, dread, awe. 

60HpHH'b V 65jIIipHH'b. 

6oa ce vpr to fear, be afraid of, appre- 
hend; — OTT. cMiipTb, to fear death; — 
OT"b xopara, to be afraid of the people; 
He — ttre ce, fear not, be not afraid; 
— CHC rt dread, apprehension; — em-b 
ce pres p fearing. 

6pdBa / lock, pad-lock, jack-lock. 

6pdBO ad bravo! good! fine! 

SpaB-b m head, piece ("of animals); sheep; 
AeceTb — BH roBeAa, ten head of cattle. 

6paA^ /beard, barb; chin, under-chin; 
AiiJira — , long beard; Ceai. — , beard- 
less; K03a — , radicle; — tt,, A^CTb 
a bearded; long-bearded; — Aiiua, ahi- 
Ka /, — Ji6 n dim a nice little beard or 
chin; barbule. 

6paA^BHua / wart; — qcH-b a wart; 
warty; — MKa / dim sma^l wart, tiny 
little wart. 

Cp^ABa / ax, axe; — BHMKa / dim hatchet. 

6paAHCBaM-b vn to let one's beard un- 
shaved, go unshaved; —He n letting 
one's beard unshaved; — ca^-b ppp 
unshaved, with one's beard unshaved. 

6pa3A^ / furrow; groove; trench; reins 



(of government); — Aene n furrowing; 
— Acm-b pres p\ — AHHKa / dim small 
furrow; — ahjii> app; — a" va to 
lurrow; to p'ough through, rip asun- 
der; to groove, make a groove (in metal). 

6paifKo m V 6paTeu'b. 

6paKyBaMi> va to sort out, reject (as un- 
fit); — ce vpr to be rejected as use- 
less; —He n rejecting; rejection* — ht. 
ppp rejected. 

6paHa / harrow. 

6paK-b m marriage, matrimony, hymen. 

6paKopa3B6AeHT> a divorce (laws), of di- 
vorce. 

fipaKOCbierdHHe n marriage, union. 

6pdHe n gathering, picking (of harvest, 
etc\ collecting. 

Sp^Hene n v 6paHfl. 

ep&HeiU'b pres p v fipanii. 

6paHHTeJib / defender, protector. 

6p^HHua / cattle or sheep for slaughter; 
— H^pb m dealer in cattle or sheep for 
slaughter 

6pdHHme n forest-reserve, sprout-land. 

6paH6cBaM-b va to harrow; — ce vpr\o 
be harrowed; — ne n harrowing; — cajii. 
app\ — caH-b ppp. 

6paHTHSi / old-maid, old-woman, wag. 

6pdHii va to defend, protect, shelter, ward 
off; to forbid; — ce vpr to defend, pro- 
tect oneself; to ward off (a blow); — 
Hene n defending (one's country), pro- 
tecting (a friend), sheltering (the help- 
less); forbidding; interdiction; — neui-b 
pres p\ — HHJi-b app. 

6pacji6T-b m bracelet. 

6paTaHeu-b m nephew, brother's son. 

6pdTe voc brother, dear brother. 

6pdTeu-b, — renue, — Ji6, — Ji^Huenrf/Aw 
little brother, nice little brother, dear 
brother. 

Sp^THMfl va to accept as brother; — ce 
vpr to become brothers; to fraternise; 
— Mene n fraternisation; — tmmctbo n 
fraternity, brother hood. 

Gp^TOBMHua / sister-in-law. 

6paTOBq^Ai> rn cousin; — Ka / lady or 
girl-cousin; -we n, — qnua / dim little 
cousin; dear little cousin. 

6paTOBi> a brother's, of brother; xoBa e 
— Ba my K^ma, this is his brother's 
house. 

6paToy6Meu'b, — Hua m fratricide; — 
CTBeH-b a fratricidal (war); — ctbo n 
fratricide. 



6paTyBaM-b 



20 



Gp-bKHysaM-b (-Ha) 



fiparyaaM-b vn to live in brotherhood, 
fraternise; — nen living in brotherhood. 

Spar-b m brother; — roB-b a brother's, of 
brother; — ckh a brotherly, fraternal; ad 
brotherly, fraternally; — ctbo n brother- 
hood, fraternity; — le n dim little 
brother, dear little brother. 

CpAqcH-b a marriage (certificate), matri- 
monial (affair), nuptial (ties). 

6pauiH6pb m flour-man, dealer in flour; 
— HHua / flour-shop; —ckh a flour- 
man's; flour (industry); —ctbo n flour- 
industry. 

6pAuiHo n flour, meal; powder; — h^hi* 
a flour, of flour; floury, covered with 
flour; —Ha va to flour with, besprinkle 
with flour. 

6pe inter/ say! you don't say! — naKOCT- 
HHKO, ah you rascal! 

6p^KHHa / tote-tree {bot). 

6p6KHyBaM-b (-Ha) vn to speak otit, cry 
out (coll). 

6pHr^Aa / brigade; — ACH-b a brigade, of 
a brigade; — fliipT, m brigadier. 

6pHJiAHT-b m brilliant, diamond, jewel; — 
TCH-b a diamond, jewel; with jewels. 

6pHqa V Gp-bcna. 

fipnqb V 6p-bCHa*i-b. 

CpHMKa / half-covered vehicle. 

6piiiua V 6-bpma. 

f»pOA'b m ford. 

6p6ji9 vn to roam abDut, ramble, rove; 
— Aene n roaming, rambling, roving; 
— Aem-b pres p; — ahjii ppp. 

6pofl m count; number; copy (of a pa- 
per); 6631. — , without count, number- 
less; Ha — , to the number, as many as; 
bt, — , cash; ct. ^, counted; — bo n 
count, number; — ^iK-b m count, reck- 
oning; — CMT. ad counted; one by one; 
—CHHua/ rosary; —em. a h ppp count- 
ed, reckoned, included; — eun. pres 
p; —un-h app; —a va to count (one 
by one), reckon, compute; to calculate; 
to number; to think, consider, estimate; 
Tofl ro — H 3a aeJiHKi., he considers 
him a great man; — a ce vpr to be 
counted, reckoned, numbered; to count 
or consider oneself; Tosa ce ne — h, 
that doesn't count; -am. m v 6poH- 

TCJIb. 

6poHTejib m reckoner, calculator; account- 
ant, counter caster {com); — HHi^a / 
arithmetic; abacus. 

<SpoM-b m brome (chem). 



6poH3Hp3M-b va to bronze; — ce vpr to 
be bronzed; — ne n bronzing; -Hi. a 
H ppp bronzed. 

GpOHSi. m bronze; — sos-b a bronze, of 
bronze. 

6poHXHT-b m bronchitis; — djieni. a broa- 
chic, — al. 

6p6Ha / armour, mail, cuirass; — hchi. a 
armour, of armour, armour-clad (ship); 
— HendceH-b a armour-clad; — nencS- 
cenT. m armour-bearer; armour-clad 
ship; armadillo {zool). 

CpduiKa / brooch. 

6pouiHpyBaM-b va to stitch (books); — 
ce vpr to be stitched; — ne n stitch- 
ing; —HI a H ppp stitched, done in 
book form. 

6pouiypa / brochure, pamphlet; — peni 
a brochure, pamphlet (form or size), in 
the form of a brochure. 

GpyjKAa ce v qepaenta ce. 

6py;ia va to beat off, strike off, shake 
down (fruit); — ce vpr to be beaten 
off; — Jiene n beating off, knocking off; 
— jiem-b pres p. 

6pycHHKa / bilberry; — qeni. a bilberry, 
of bilberries. 

6pycHHua/ measles (merf); v 6pycHHKa. 

fipycT. m whetstone. 

6pycH v 6pyjiH. 

6p;^TO ad gross weight {com). 

6pi.6pHB-b a talkative, loquacious; —bo 
ad — ly; — BOCTb / — ness, loquacity; 
— ua / babbler, chatterer, chatter-box. 

6i6pH va vn to babble, chatter, prate, 
prattle; — ce vpr to be babbled; — 
pene n babbling, prattling; babble; — 
peiui. pres p. 

6p-&BHO n beam, joist, girder. 

6pi.Bb / lava; ford, fording place (for 
cattle). 

6p-b»AejiHBi. a rancid, spoiled; rusty. 

6p-b)KAH vn to grow rancid, bitter; — a*- 
HC n growing rancid, bitter; rancid- 
ness; — Aeufi. pres p. 

fip-bsi. a fast (horse), quick (reply), rapid 
(succession), speedy, swift (current), 
prompt (answer); hasty (act), ready 
(wit); V C-bpsT.. 

fipiKHyBaiM-b (-Ha) va to thrust, stick, 
poke, shove in, put in, dip in (water, 
etc); —Ha B-b AX{e6a ch, he thrust his 
hand into his pocket; —Ha ct. np-bCTa> 
he stuck his finger into it; — h^tc ct. 
jiAxcHuara, dip your spoon into it; — 



6p%M6tiprf» 



6yKapa 



He n thrusting, sticking into, dipping; 
— Haji-b ppp. 

6p'bM6api> m drone, bumble-bee; cole- 
opter; —pu pi coleoptera (zool); — le 
n dim little beetle or drone. 

<$p-bM4^ vn to hum, buzz; to ring (of 
ears); — mchc n humming, buzzing; hum, 
buzz; — qeiUT. pres p; —tuno n jew's- 
harp. 

6piHKa / stitch, mesh; link; v Gp-bMHa. 

6pi>H4^ vn to jingle, tinkle, rattle; — 
lenen jingling, rattling; —lem-bpr^.s p. 

Cp'bH'b inter; jingle! tinkle! tink! 

6p-bc(Hy)BaMT. (-Ha) va to brush, give a 
brush; to brush off, away. 

6p-bCKaM-b va to brush, whip, lash, cut; 
to fustigate; — no jihucto, to give a 
cut across the face; —He n brushing, 
lashing, cutting; — K^jiKa / besom, bath- 
broom; — KdMb m wool-beater 

Cpicna va to shave, give a shave; — 
ce vpr to shave oneself; to have a 
shave; to be shaved; — nene n shav- 
ing; shave; — Hemi. pres p; — najii. a 
pp; — naxT. a h ppp shaved. 

tip-bCH^pb m barber; — 'HHii^a / barber- 
shop; — CKH a barber's, of a barber; — 
CTBO n barber's trade; shaving. 

6p-bCH^q-b m razor. 

Cp-bCTT. m green twigs (for feeding cat- 
tle); — TJi va to feed (cattle) with green 
twigs. 

6p-bTBfl V 6-bp6opfi; — B^iK-b m chatter- 
ing, chatter, idle-talk. 

6p-bqKa / wrinkle, furrow (on the face); 
fold, crease. 

6p'buiBaM-b V 6'bpuia. 

6p-bui;ieH-b m ivy; — nenb a ivy, of ivy. 

Gp'bmoji^Bii va vn to babble, prattle, 
prate, chatter; — ce vpr to be bab- 
bled; —Bene n babbling, prattling, chat- 
tering; babble, idle talk; — Beui> m bab- 
bler, chatterer, gossipper; — Bem-b pres p. 

6p-kr'b m shore, coast; beach, strand, bank 
(of a river); MopcKH — sea-shore, sea- 
coast; — roBHTi> a full of rocks, rocky, 
craggy; — roBb a shore, of shore; coast 
(line), of coast; — ^eu-b a shore, coast, 
of shore, of coast; littoral; land (wind); 
— }KBO npaBO n shorage. 

fiptsa/ birch, birch-tree; — sobt, a birch, 
birchen; — sobh pacreHHii pi birch- 
plants; — adK-b m birch-grove. 

(fp'feaeH'b m the month of March. 

6pt3Ha V 6pa3Aa. 



Gp-fecT-b n elm (pedunculate); — rajidirb 
m elm-grove; — reH-b, — tobt. a elm, 
elm-tree; — qe n dim young elm-tree. 

6p1i3'b a having white spots; striped. 

6y6a / silk-worm; — 6eH-b a; — fieno cfc- 
MC n silk-worm seed; — 6Hua / dim a 
little silk- worm. 

6y6a / bugbear, hobgoblin; the Indian. 

6y6dpb m silk-worm breeder; — ckh a 
silk-worm, sericultural; ^tbo n seri- 
culture, silk-worm industry. 

6y6oJi^3ii vn to creep, crawl {pop). 

6y6o;idqKa / bug, insect; ■— Ko^Aeu-b m 
insectivorous animal; — qnua / dim a 
small insect or bug, a tiny little insect. 

6y66HKa / mulberry. 

6yAaji^ mt v rjiynaK-b; — uihhA / stu- 
pidity. 

CyABaMi. V 6yAii. 

^yAeH-b a wake, awake, awaking (state); 
watchful, vigilant, alert; wide-awake; — 
BO ad — ly, on the alert; — HOCTb / 
vigilance, watchfulness. 

6yAH;io n incentive; awakener; abbettor. 

6yAH;iHHK'b m alarm-clock. 

6yAfi va to wake, wake up, awake, wak- 
en, rouse; to stir, move up, call up; — 
ce vpr to wake, awake, wake up (from 
sleep); to be waked up, awaken, roused 
(from sleep); to be inspired, incited; — 
Aene n waking, wakening, awakening; 
— Aeui-b pres p. 

6yeH'b a impulsive, impetuous; passion- 
ate; wild, turbulent, violent, vehement; 
stormy, tempestuous; heavy, tall (grass); 
— Hho ad — ly; — HnocTb /, — Mctbo n 
— ness, violence, turbulence, passion, im- 
petuosity. 

GyflcTByBaM-b vn to rage, storm, act bois- 
terously, behave violently; to rave; — 
He n raging, storming; raving; rage; — 
CTBeHi} a V 6yeH'b. 

6y3a / cheek, side (of face); — 3eH-b a 
cheek (bone); of the cheek; — 3ecT'b a 
having big cheeks, cheeky; — 36« m a 
person with big cheeks; fatty; — Ka, — 
3Huat — 3HqKa / a nice little cheek. 

6y34 / boza, millet-ale. 

6y3aA>KHfi m seller of boza; — ilHHua / 
boza-shop; — Ackh a boza-seller's, of 
a boza-seller. 

6yKa V CyK-b; — kAkt, m beech forest, 
beech grove. 

6yKatt pi fetters, chains. 

6yKdpa / tub, cask. 



SyKBa 



22 



6yxaMi> 



6yKBa / letter (of the alphabet), charac- 
ter); rjiasHa — , capital; — bh pi let- 
ters, type; — BHi^a / dim small letter, 
nice little letter. 

6yKB6;ieHi> a literal (translation); verbal; 
—HO ad — ly, to the. letter; in a literal 
sense; — hocti, / literalness, literality. 

CyKB^pb m primer, first reader, abc-book. 

eyKBO^Ai** — fleuT. m book-worm, grind; 
— CTBO n l)ookishness 

6yKJiyK-b V 6oicnyK-b. 

6yK-b m beech, beech-tree; — kobi. a 
beech, beechen. 

CyK^T-b m bouquet, nosegay. 

63rKOJiHHecKH a bucolic, pastoral (poem). 

6yna/ marriage license; bull (of the Pope). 

Cyjia / red poppy, field poppy (bot). 

6yaa. f Turkish woman. ' 

fiyjirapHHa, — h / three-stringed mando- 
line, tambourine. 

fiyjiryp-b m wheat-meal, gruel; groats 

6yjiHtt<ie n dotterel, morinel (zool). 

6yjiKa / bride; young married woman; 
wife, woman; sister-in-law; — iHua / 
a nice little bride; wifey. 

6yjio n veil, crape; epiplon fnnat)\ cloak, 
pretence {fig); noji'\, —to Ha peJiH- 
rHHTa, under ^he cloak of religion. 

6yjiii f sister-in-law. 

GyMTH V 6yqa. 

6yMi> interj boom! 

fiyna / tumult, revolt, mutiny. 

fiyH^pb mt draw-well; v K^iaAeneu-b. 

6yH^na. f v BH^Hua. 

GyHHKa / henbane, mad- wort {bot). 

5yHHme n dung-hill. 

6yHT6BeH-b a mutinous, rebellious, riot- 
ous; — HUKi. m rebel, mutineer, revol- 
ter; revol^tipnary; — hhuikh a rebell- 
ious; revolutionary (songs); — HHHecTBO 
n rebellion, revolt; sedition {law). 

6yHTyBaM-b va to cause to revolt, rebel, 
rise in revolt; to stir up, excite; — ce 
vpr to rebel, revolt, rise in revolt or 
mutiny; to storm, be stormy {of the sea); 
—He n rebelling, revolting, rising in 
mu+iny; revolt, rebellion. 

CyHTT. m riot, revolt, rebellion, mutiny. 

6ypAKh m beet-root {bot). 

6ypaHiiti / salade made of beens and 
greens. 

6yprHsi V CB-bpAe^-b. 

CypA^H m earthen-hut, mud-hut. 

6ype n keg, cask; barrel; —Hue n flask. 

CypeB'bcTHHK'b m stormy petrel (bird). 



6ypeH-b m weed, weeds; — H^K-b m weed- 
y place; weeds; — Jina-b a bearing 
weeds, weedy. 

GypcHV a stormy, tempestuous (sea, etc), 
rough; impetuous; wild (scene); —ho ad 
— ly; — HocTb / storminess, tempest- 
uousness, turbulence; — H6ceHi> a storm- 
bearing, ill-foreboding. 

CypeH^caaMb vn to grow weedy, be 
covered with grass; — hc n growing 
weedy; — cajii. ppp grown weedy; a 
weedy. 

6yp>Ky^3H)i / bourgeois ;— aem. a bourge- 
ois, of bourgeois. 

6ypHJiKa / churn. 

6ypHJio n wine-keg or cask; — ue n dim 
flask. 

6ypHH V TpA.6a. 

6ypM^ / screw; — m. m screw-driver; — 
iwiiua / dim small screw. 

6ypji / storm, tempest, gale. 

GyraMi. (-na) va to push, shove, thrust, 
give a push; to jostle, knock; to churn 
(milk); — te vpr to push each other 
(in play); to be pushed, shoved (in the 
mud^; to be thrust (out of a door); to 
be churned; — rdjiKa / churn-staff; gun- 
stick; — rijio n churn-staff; plugger; 
pumprod; bolt (in doors^; —He n shoving, 
pushing; jostle, jam; — HHua/ pushing, 
shoving, crowding; jam; -jit. app; — 
H-b ppp; — m-b pres p. 

GyrBaM-b cond v GyraiM'b. 

6yTKaM-b va to push, shove, play with; 
V GyraM-b. 

6yTHyBaM-b v Cyraiw-b. 

6yTypflCBaM-b va to shove, push, cause 
to fall or stumble; to trip; — ce vpr to 
trip, tumble over, fall; —He n causing 
to stumble; stumbling. 

Cyryun. m boot; — luipb m boot-maker. 

Cyr-b m leg, thigh, shank, haunch; — ne 
n dim small leg (of beef, etcj. 

6y4)6T-b m buffet. 

6yx2in-b m horned-owl, cat-owl; dullard 

ifig) 

6yxaM-b vn to howl (like an owl), screech; 
—He n howling, screeching; screech. • 

fiyxaM-b (-Ha) va to pound, beat (clothes); 
to pop, throw with a pop; to shove, 
push; — vn to pop, pomb, fall with a 
pop or clash; — xjlaka / pounder (for 
clothes); — xdflo n pounder; plugger; 
pump-rod; — ne n pounding; plowing 
(through snow); — aawb cond and pres 



6yxTfl 



6l>p30 



hist, V 6yxaMi>. 

6yxTSi vn to pooh-pooh {of an engine); to 
pant; to hum, bellow; — tchc n pooh- 
poohing; humming, bellowing; — xeim. 
pres p. 

CyxT, interj pooh! thud! splash! 

6yua / lump (of sugar;, clod; snow-ball; 
— UH pi salivary glands (anat). 

6yH4 vn to bellow, roar, hum, buzz; xo- 
n-bT'b —qii, the cannon roars; —qeHe n 
roaring, bellowing (of a vulcano); hum- 
ming; roar; hum; — nemt pres p. 

fiyqa (-Ha) va to stick, prick; to string; 
— ce vpr to be stuck; to prick one- 
self; — qene n sticking (with a pin), 
pricking; — qemi. pres p. 

6yqeHHui'b m hemlock {bot) 

6yHKa/ lump (of sugar), pieceJ(of butter), 
ball, roll. 

6yqK«M-i> va to stick, prick, play by 
sticking or pricking (a person); — ce 
vpr to stick each other; — hc n stick- 
ing, pricking; 

6-b6ji{i vn to stammer, stutter, falter; 
— jiene n stammering, stuttering; — 
Jieiui> pres p; — jiio n stutterer, stam- 
merer, 

6-b6Ha vn to swell, raise; to distend, 
bloat; — HCHC n swelling, dilating; bloat- 
ing; —Heucb pres p. 

6-b6peK'b m kidney (anatj; *— MCH-b a 
kidney (desease). 

6-b6pH(Mi>) va vn to babble, prate, prattle, 
chatter, talk nonsense; — ce vpr to 
be babbled; — pene n babbling; babble; 
— peiui* pres p; — piiB-b a babbling, 
talkative; — pui^a / babbler, pratler, 
chatterer; 

6'b>KJieKi> m gad-fly, horse-fly. 

6i>3jiHB-b a timorous, cowardly, chicken- 
hearted; —BO ad — ly; — seifb m cow- 
ard, poltroon, dastard. 

fi-bKaM-b V n'bxaM'b. 

6-iKi>ji-b m wooden vessel (with two 
mouths), water-cask; HtMaM-b hh — , I 
havn't a farthing; — ji6 n dim small 
water-cask; ~jiHua/ wine'cask, wine- 
flask. 

6'bjiBaM'b va to vomit, spew, throw up; 
— Ba or-bHb, he spits fire; — ce vpr 
to be vomited, thrown up, puked — He 
n vomiting, throwing up; spewing; — 
HHua / vomiting; — BirejieH-b a vo- 
mitive, for vomiting; spewing; — Bdfb 
m spittle, spawl; — adqeni* a vomitory; 



of spittle, of spawl. 

6-bJiBaHHua / darnel, tare (bot). 

6-bjirapiH-b m wise guy; — uihh^ / Bul- 
garian ways and manners (pop). 

fi-bJiHysaM-b va vn to talk in dream; to 
dream, imagine; to talk to oneself; 
to talk nonsense, be delirious, to rave; 
ToB — Ba, he is dreaming; — ce vpr 
to be dreamed, imagined; —hc n talk- 
ing in dream; somnambulation; dream- 
ing, fantasy; 

6-bJixi / flea; — xHua / dim a little flea; 
— jtHBi. a infestel with fleas; — jik> 
m one infested with fleas. 

G-bpCdpti va vn to babble, mutter; to 
gossip; Htmo CM — pH, he mutters 
something to himself; — ce vpr to be 
muttered; — pn ce, it is gossipped, a gos- 
sip is afloat; — pene n babbling, mut- 
tering; babble-talk, gossip; bustling 
noise, bustle; — pem-b pres p; — ko n 
babbler, chatterer; gossipper. 

S-bpAO n hill, hillock, knoll. 

6'bpAO n weaver's comb; — A^pb m maker 
of weaver's combs; — ahjio n lathe (of 
a loom I. 

G-bpAbKBH / pi lettuce, lactuca (bot); — 
cajiara oti* — , lettuce-salad. 

6-bp>Ke ad v 6i>p30. 

e-LpaaM-b vn to hasten, hurry on, make 
haste; to hurry, be in a hurry, be pres- 
sed on; to be over-hasty; ne a^Mtc 
—3a, don't hurry, don't be in a hurry; 
-^Hre, hurry up, make haste; — ce 
vpr to be hurried up; —s&ki, m swift 
or quick fellow; runner; over-hasty per- 
son; current (of water); — ne n hur- 
rying; hurry, haste; urgency; — HHua 
/ hurriedness, hastiness; hurry; over- 
haste; — 36fl n current, stream. 

6-bp3euiK6M-b, — Kdra ad quickly, quick, 
hurriedly, in a hurry, hastily. 

6'bp3HH^ / quickness, swiftness, speed, 
haste, speediness, celerity, rapidity, ve- 
locity iphys); dispatch, promptitude; 
readiness; ct. roji-bMa — , with great 
haste; rapidly, swiftly; cb — no nexb 
MHJiH Ha Macb, at a rate or speed of 
five miles an hour. 

6-bp3Hm>K-b a dim rather quick or hast- 
y; V fip-bST.; —kg ad rather quickly 
or hastily; quickly, quick; interj quick ! 

6-bp30 ad quickly, fast; swiftly, rapidly; 
hurriedly, in a hurry; interj quick •' 
quickly! right away! Tofl A^HcTByBa 



6i>pKi 



24 



6tw 



— , he acts hastily; he is too hasty; 
xoflii — » to walk fast; tcke — , to flow 
or run rapidly; xB-bpqa — , to fly 
swiftly; — KOKOume n rail-bird; — 
KpHjn> a swift-winged; — adjii. m v 6T>p- 
seil; — Hor-b a fleet-footed, nimble- 
footed, fast (horse); — T^qeHi. a fast- 
flowing, rapid, fast-running; transient; 
— CTT., — t4 / V C-bpsHHa. 

G'bpS'b V 6pi>3'b. 

6ipKaM-b va to stir (porridge, etc), mix, 
mingle; to shuffle (cards); to mix. tangle; 
to confuse, hinder, impede; to med- 
dle, interfere; — Ka^i-b, to stir, mix in 
clay (for tiles); He fltftTC iwe — Ka 
don't confuse me; rt My — tt. bt. 
pa6oTHTt, they interfere with his 
affairs; — ce vpr to mix, be mixed; to 
be stirred; to be mingled; to be shuf- 
fled; to mix, mingle (in society ; to 
meddle, mix in, interfere, poke one's 
nose (in people's affairs); — KdjiKa/ pot- 
ladle, stirring-ladle; dipper, —He n 
mixing, stirring; mingling; shuffling 
(cards); meddling; — HH^a / — kothh / 
mix-up, tangle; disorder, confusion; 
— K&iKa / stirrer, poker; v C-bJiKajiKa; 
— K&4b m mixer, stirrer, shuffler; med- 
dler. 

<Si>pji6K-b m slops, dirty water. 

fiipna / lip; — HCCTb a with big lips. 

(S-bpHHKaM-b V 6apHHKaM'b. 

6-bpci;iKa / wiper; duster; — aa nepo. 

pen-wiper. 
Citpcaji-b app V fi-bpuia. 

fiipqa va to wrinkle, pucker, knit; — ce 
vpr to wrinkle; to be wrinkled; — qene 
n wrinkling, knitting, puckering; — 
qeiub pres p. 

<S-bpqiiHa / hill, elevation; — Ka / dim 
hillock. 

6-ipuia va to wipe (a pen), rub with 
the hand; to brush (one's hat) — ce 
vpr to be wiped; to wipe one's face 
or hands;— cdjiKa/ wiper; duster, dust- 
rag; — c^q-b m wiper; — uiene n wiping; 
rubbing; — mem-b pres p. 

64xTfi va to beat, pound, give a beat- 
ing; — ce vpr to beat oneself; to be 
pounded; — tchc n beating, pound- 
ing; — reHHua / beating, drubbing, 
pounding; — rem-b pres p. 

e-bqaa/ barrel, tun; — b6, — B^Hue n dim 
small barrel, a nice little barrel; cask, 
keg; — BHua / dim v Ciqae. 



6bqBipb m cooper; — HHi^a / cooper's 
shop; — CKH a cooper's, of a cooper; 
— CTBO n cooper's trade. 

6iraM-b vn *o flee, run, run away; to 
elope; to escape, get way from; — aa 
xcHBora CH, to tlee or run away for 
one's life; — ftre ott. ryKa, flee, get 
away from here; obuht* My — tt., 
his sheep are runnmg away from him; 
TOBa MH — ra h3i. yMa, it escapes 
(from) my mind; — rdBHua / diarrhea; — 
He n f.eeing; flight; — unua / running 
(play), run, flight; — riq-b m runner; 
flyer; racer; — jia / a run-away-girl; — 
ji^U-b m fugitive; deserter; run-away; 
— jiHB-b a running, disposed to run away; 
cursory (glance). 

Cir-bfl-b a cursory (glance), hasty; furtive 
Hook); — Jio ad cursorily, hastily, in 
haste; — JiocTb / cursoriness. 

etr-b a run, running, flight; race, course; 
yAapHM-b Ha — , to start running, tane 
to running; cbcreaaHHe bt, — , racing, 
race; kohckh — , horce-race; — rdMi. 
ud running, at a run; galloping, at a 
gallop (of horsemen); — ctbo n flight, 
hegeira (of Mahommet); desertion (from 
an army). 

6*44 / misfortune, mishap, peril, evil, 
distress, calamity, ill-luck; danger, harm; 
— cjitA* — » misfortune after misfor- 
tune; Tofl Me THKHa Bb ywacHa — , 
he exposed my life to a terrible peril 
or danger. 

6'iji& f accusation, slander, calumny. 

6tAeHe n, — Aemi. pres p v 6-bAa. 

etACHT. a poor, needy, indigent; miser- 
able; destitute; — HHqbK-b a dim poor, 
rather poor; — hhstt. qoB-feK-b, the 
poor man ! — hht* pi the poor (people); 
—HO ad poorly, badly; — HOCTb / po- 
verty, indigence; — hot4, hothji / po- 
verty, misery, destitution, penury, want. 

6tAHHKb m poor-fellow, poor-wretch; 
tramp; — uikh a miserable, wretched; 
tramp-like. 

6tAOH6ceH-b a ill, calamitous, danger- 
ous, disastrous. 

fitACTBHe n calamity, misfortune, ill- 
luck, distress, peril, danger; — cTBem. 
a calamitous, perilous; — cTByBaMi. 
vn to be in distress, to suffer. 

etAfl va to accuse, lay the blame on or 



ff-fexceHeui* 



25 



fi-bjitfl 



against (one); — achc n accusing, blam- 
ing; -T-Aem-b pres p. 

6t)KeH^U-b m refugee, fugitive; — uh pi 
refugees. 

C-feMfeuiKdM-b, — Kdra ad running, at a 
run. 

64jia af V fi-feji-b; — 6opHKa / white- 
pine; — Bi>p6a / common' white-wil- 
low; — MCTJia / odonis {bot); — paaa 
/ brandy {pop); — pH6a / sandre; — 
pyjKa / white-marsh-mallow (bof); — 
CAi.6oTa / Butter-Saturday (of Butter- 
week); — TptBa / shepherd's purse 
(bof). 

CtJidqKa / woman-bleacher; launderess. 

64jiBaM-b cond V 6-bAti. 

C^ABHua / lemmer, lemming (zool); a 
kind of plum. 

CijiCBHua / V 6t;ia pH6a. 

fitjiesHMKaBi. a whitish, greyish, hoary; 
■—BO ad — ly; — BOCTb, — bkhA / whit- 
ishness, whiteness. 

CijieHe n, — jiemi* pres p v 6^n9. 

6t;iHjio n rouge, paint, Spanish- white 
(for the face); place for bleaching cloth, 
bleaching-house. 

6'fe;iHjiH{i / bleaching-house. 

6tjiHHi / whiteness; white (of eggs, 
meat, etc). 

CtjiHcsaiN-b V 6-kna, S-bjioceaM-b. 

6tjiHi^a / white-fish; white poplar (bot . 

6tjiHfl / the white wheat. 

6ijiKa / alburn (bot); weasel (the white); 
V 6-b;iHua. 

6-bjiKOTO n the white (of the eye, the 
egg, etc). 

6tjiMo n cataract (of the eye). 

Cijio ad white; clean; —to n the white- 
(of an egg, etc); --653Ka a/ with 
white teats (of cows); — Spi^* a with 
a white beard; — BHui / the white of 
a. tree, alburn (bot); — sjiicb a white- 
haired; — rjiABi. a white-headed; — 
rpHB-b a white-maned; — rAsKa / wtiite 
tail, fallow linch (zool); —no Ayxo- 
BCHCTBo n secular clergy; — Ai>pBo v 
TpenerjiHHKa; — 3A(.6-b a white-tooth- 
ed; — Koc-b a white-haired; — Kpii;i-b a 
white-winged; — Jiaji^ n white narcis- 
sus; — jiHK-b a fair, of fair complexion, 
light-haired; —ndr-b a white-legged; — 
npicTHua / loam, white-clay; —tA f 



whiteness, white; — rpixKa v 6t;io- 
r^SKa. 

GtjidcBaM-b va to bleach, blanch; to whit- 
en; to paint (one's face;; — ce vpr to 
be bleached; to be painted; to paint 
one's face, apply rouge; —He n bleach- 
ing; painting; — caH-b a h ppp. 

G-fejiTiK-b m the white (of an eggX albu- 
men; — qcHT. a albumiaous; albugtn- 
eous. 

6tjiyra / white-sturgeon. 

6-bjiyAa / white cow, white sheep. 

6-ka-h a white; fair, light (complexioned); 
blank (verse); sea or polar (bear); clear 
(day); — jia ejixa, whitten tree; — jia 
pHOa, herring; — Btr-bp-b m south- 
wind; — jiyK-b m garlic; — MiK>Ki> m 
mush; — neA»Ht» m mug wort (bot); 
— paBHei^i* m milfoil (60/ ; — cMH^'b m 
cudweed (botj; — Tpi>H'b nit eringo (6o0« 

fi-bji-ir-b m mark; sign, indication; dis- 
tinguishing feature; signal; scar (from 
wound); blot, spot; ci. — no nejiOTOi 
with marked or spotted brow, having a 
spot on the brow; noKpHT-b c-b — 3h. 
all scarred, covered with scars; ry- 

SiiM-b — , to mark, set a mark on; to 
rand. 

C'fejrleHe n, —tm'b pres p; v 9-kji-fcfl ce. 

6tjii>Ka va to mark, set a mark on; to 
brand; to note down; to annotate; — ce 
vpr to be marked; to be branded (of 
cattle, etc); — Mcene n marking; — 
xcem-b pres p. 

S-bji-fewHT-b a noted, renowned, celebrat- 
ed, distinguished; — qos^K-b, noted 
man; —to c'b6HTHe» noted event; toA 
e — , he is noted (for); — TOCTb / re- 
nown; celebrity. 

6'feji4}KKa / mark (in studies); note; Ty- 
paM-b ropna — » to give (one) a high 
mark; npau^aM-b ntKOMy — , to send 
a note to one; — uHK-b m note-t)ook, 
memorandum; journal; — MHi^a / dim 
small mark; a little note. 

6'bjTfe3BaM'b V d-feji-bMca. 

0'bji4iiKa n husking-bee, husking-party; 
bleaching-party; bleachery. 

6'bA4fl vn to grow white, turn white; — 
ce vpr to look or appear whitd. glim- 
mer (at a distance); — ene « growing 
white; appearing white; glimmering, 
shining; — eu(i> pres p. 



tftJIfl 



26 



CijiH va to bleach, branch (doth); — ce 
vpr to be bleached; to use rouge or 
paint, paint one's face; — Jieuen bleach- 
ing; painting; — Jiemi> pres p. 

eijia va to peel, pare, skin (fruit, etc), 
shell; husk; to bark; — ce vpr to be 
pared; to peal, pull off, come off (of 
skin); — JieHe n paring, peeling (pota- 
toes), skinning; husking (green corn); 
— jiem-b pres p. 

6iceHe n, — ceiuii pres p; v 6-fecH. 

6'fecnjiKa /, — jio n gallows, gibbet; scaf- 
fold. 

G-fccHtn vn to have the rabies, be seized 
with rabies; to rage, be furious, storm, 
be mad, run mad; —He n going or run- 
ning mad; raging, storming; fury, frensy; 
— eiUT. pres p. 

6-BcoBi> a demon's; diabolical, demoniacal; 
— CKH a V 6%coB-b; — mHHi / mad- 
ness, fury. 

6tcyBaM-b vn to play rough-house, make 
big noise, storm; to go to rut (of wolves, 
etc); —He n playing rough-house; play- 
ing pranks. 

6tc-b m rabies, hydrophobia (med); mad- 
ness, fury, rage; demon (Bible); — cen-b 
a having the rabifes, ra1)id, mad (dog); 
raging, wild, mrious, frantic, mad with 
rage; possessed with the devil; —ho ad 
madly, wildly, furiously, frantically; — 
hot^ / rabies; madness, fury, rage; — 
hothh / madness, fury; — coBHi^a / v 
rjiyxHHi^a. 

6tcji va to hang (a criminal, execute or 
put to death by hanging; — ce vpr to 
be hung; — ce«e n hanging; — ceufb 
pres p. 

fitxT. pt V 6«.Aa. 

fiidAMeT-b m bud jet; — Tipen-b,— Mc^reH-b 
a budget, of budget 

6iojieTHH-b m bulletin; — Ka/ dim ticket, 
slip of paper (for voting). 

6iop6K'b m pudding. 

6idpo n bureau; desk. 

6iopoKp^T-b m bureaucratist; — thmcht., 
— THwecKH a bureaucratic; — THqecKH 
ad — cally; — uhh / bureaucracy. 

6k)ctt. m bust; — tobt, a bust, of bust; 
for the bust. 

6iO(t)6T'b m buffet. 

6^6peK-b m kidney; — qCHi. a kidney 
(desease,, of the kidneys; — KOBHAen-b 



a kidney-shaped. 
GAACH-b a future; — hh Beqepb, Yule, 
Christmas-Eve; — hhhA / v GiUAem- 

HOCTb. 

6^Aeu<'b a future, of the future; coming, 
to come; incoming; —me Bp-bMe* fu- 
ture tense (gram); —me n future; futu- 
rity; B-b — me^ in future, for the future, 
in times to come; — Hocxb / futurity. 

6iR.3'b m, — sa / elder-tree; — sAx-b m 
elder-grove, elder-bush; — sobt. a elder 
(berry). 

OMS-b m turf, sod, sward (of grass); — ' 
3e pi. 



0. 



b^6h va to lure, entice; — ce vpr to be 
lured, decoyed; —Gene n luring, en- 
ticing; — Cemi* pres p. 

BaBHAQHHH / babel, pandemonium. 

Bara6dHT(HH)i> m vagabond, tramp, 
scoundrel; — ;CiCH a vagabond's, of a va- 
gabond, tramp (life); — ctbo n vaga- 
bondage, tramp-life; rascality. 

varoH-b n car; nacaiKepcKH — , passen- 
ger-car or carriage; cnajienb — sleep- 
ing-car; TosapcH-b — , freight or bag- 
gage car; — H^TKa / small car, wag- 
gon, truck. 

B^Aa / water-way, canal, gutter; brook; 
— AHiKa / dim brooklet, streamlet; 
small water-way.' 

b6a« va to irrigate, water; — ce vpr to 
be irrigated, watered; — Aene n irrigat- 
ing; irrigation; — AemT* pres p. 

B^AH va to take out, fetch out. get out; 
to draw out (a revolver), to extract, 
draw off; to subtract (arith ; — saOi. 
to pul out a tooth; — aaKjiioqeHHii* 
to draw out conclusions; — np-bKop-b, 
to nick-name; — ce vpr to be taken, 
drawn out; to be fetched; to be subtract- 
ed; to come off; — Aene n taking out, 
fetching out ("from one's pocket;; draw- 
ing out; pulling out (of teeth; — 
Aemi> pres p. 

B^ene n, — emi* pres p v aaa va. 

BiiKa vn to be important, be of import- 
ance; TOBa He — JKH, that doesn't mat- 
ter, is of no importance. 

Bdxcen-b a important, of importance, se- 
rious, significant, consequential, weigh- 
ty; — B-bnpocbt important question; — 



27 



HO e imp V It is important; — hoctb / 
importance, gravity, seriousness. 

8^38 / vase. 

Bafl inter] Oh! God! — khmt. vn to say 
ah, groan; — Kane n groaning, groans. 

BaK^HTeHi> a vacant. 

BaKdHUHH / vacation — dHeHi> a va- 
cation, of vacation. 

saKca / blacl<iug, shoe-polish. 

B^KceaM-b va to blacken, shine, polish 
(shoes); — ce vpr to be blackened, 
shined; —He n blackening, polishing; 
—cam. ppp H a polished 

BaKy^ti. mt property of a mosque; church 
property. 

saKxi. m V CaxycT.; — , xaH&jiHn / bac- 
chanalia; — xaHajieH-h a bacchanalian; 
— XHMCCKH a bacchic. 

BaKuHHHpaM-b va to vaccinate; — ce 
vpr to be vaccinated; — hc n vaccinat- 
ing; vaccination; — nauHsi / vaccina- 
tion. 

Baji^jK-b m rain-fall. 

B^jieK-b, — jieu-b, — JiHKi> m roller; cyl- 
inder. 

B^jiene n, — jieiu-b pres p v sa^iH. 

BajiH imp V to snow, rain; — CH-bri>« 
it snows, is snowing; — A'biKAi>> it 
rains, is raining; — rpaAi>» it hails, is 
hailhig; — Karo hst. Bezipo. it rains 
or comes down in torrents; — Jiene n 
raining, snowing; pouring; — ^emi. 
pres p. 

BiijiKa / V TonKa. 

sajiMO n roll, ball; bundle; volume (of 
smoke ; wad. 

BajiHd / wave, billow; v B-bJina. 

Bajicb m waltz. 

BijmeCTb a round, circular, rotund 

Bajii. m rampart. 

BajiflBHi^a / tullery; — q^pb m fuller. 

BajiHK-b m roller; v sajieKi.. 

BijiHM-b va to roll, roll up, wallow (in 
mud); to full (cloth ; — AyMHT'b ch, 
to mumble; — ce vpr to roH, wallow; 
to be rolled; to be fulled (of cloth ; to 
be neglected, left in neglect; — ne n 
rolling, wallowing; fulling; balling; — 
m-b pres p. 

BaMnup-b m vampire, evil-spirit; bugbear; 
— CKH a vampie, of a vampire. 

BaMnnpflCBaMb vn to become or turn a 
vampire; — ne n turning vampire. 

B^ncBaM'b va to dye; — ce vpr to be 
dyed, — ne n dyeing; —cam. a h ppp 



dyed;; coloured; — CHJiKa / dye. 

Bancdpb m dyer; — HHua / dye-house; 
—CKH a dyer's, of a dyer; dyeing; — 
CTBo a dyeing. 

BapaKjid(jiH)cBaMi> va to decorate with 
leaf gold; to gild; — ce vpr to be gild- 
ed; — He n gilding; — cam. ppp gild- 
ed; a gild. 

BapiK-b m leaf-gold, mock-gold. 

BapB^p(HH)'b m oarbarian; — pHS-bMi. m 
barbarism; — ckh a barbarous; cruel; ad 
— ly; — CTBO n barbarity; — mwHi / v 
BapBapcTBo. 

B^PAH va watch over, guard; to take care 
of, tend (sheep); to keep, preserve, save 
(one's money); to protect, defend (a- 
gainst an attack); to watch for, lie in 
wait for, lie in ambush; — ce vpr to 
watch over, guard oneself, be on 
the look out; to take heed, be careful, 
mind; to be watched over, guarded; 
— A^re ce, be on the look out! look 
out! —Aim. m keeper, watchman; — 
Aene n watching over, guarding; defend- 
ing, protecting; lying in wait for; — 
Aem-b pres p. 

B^peji'b/n barre', cask; — nen dim small 
barrel, keg. 

BipcHb a boiled; — peiu-b pres p v aapn. 

BapH^HT-b m vaTiunt (math); —Ahhh f 
variation; — HpaiM-b va vn to vary. 

B^pHBO n broth, pottage, cooked food; 
brew. 

BapHA^a / brew. 

BapH-KJi^MKO m niggard, miser. 

BipKa / boat. 

BipKaM-b vn V 6-bp3aM-b. 

Bapoc&H-b m crushed tiles (for scrub- 
biog> 

Bapb m lime; Heraceua — , quick-lime; 
racena — , slacked lime; xHApasjiH- 
qecKa — , hydraulic lime; — .ihbi. a 
limy, calcareous, chalky; —hhhsl/ lime- 
kiln; — poBHT-b a limy, calcareous; 
— poB-b a lime, of lime; — pocBaivn. a 
to white-wash; to plaster; to mix or 
dress with lime; — Miina ./ dim a little 
lime. 

BipH va to boil, cook (food ; to brew 
(beer>; — ce vpr to boil, cook; to be 
l>oiled, cooked; to be brewed; — pene n 
boiling, cooking; brewing; — pern, a h 
ppp boiled, cooked; — pemb pres p. 

Bac^jii. m vassal: — Jiem., — ckh a vas- 
sal (state); — ctbo n vassalage. 



BaCHJIHCK-b 



BacMjiHCK-b m basilisk (zoof). 

Bacb, BH pers pron pi you, to you; toM 
Bh o6H4a, he likes you; GjiaroAapn 
Bm, I thank you; nnra ah Bactt did he 
ask you ? toM Bh ro AaAe, he gave it 
to you. 

BArepnac-b m water-level (astr). 

BaTHK^H-b m Vatican; — ckh a Vatican's, 
of Vatican. 

BiluieHeu'b m, — xa /, — qe n dim one of 
your place or country, one of yours; 
— CKO n your part of the country, your 
place. 

Baun pron m, — uia /, — uie n; — uih pi 
your, yours; — HcxpeHitt yours sin- 
cerely; CT> — uie c-bH3BojieHHe, with 
your consent; — ti. (KOHb) e no-AO- 
6i>p-b, yours is a better one. 

Bifl dry-nurse, nursery-maid; — KSBaMi. 
va to be a dry-nurse, tend children. 

bAh va to sculpture, chisel; — ce vpr to 
be sculptured; — ene n sculpturing; 
chiselling; sculpture; — em^ pres p. 

MLirejibm sculptor; — jien-b a sculptural, 
of sculpture; — ho HSKycTBo n sculp- 
ture. 

BCAHcnaM-bz/a to stick in, drive in, cut 
in, transfix; — ctvpr to stick in, cut in; 
to be stuck or cut in; to sink; — ne n 
sticking in, driving in, cutting in. 

B6iik:4Mi< va to beat, drive, hammer in 
or into; to wedge; — ce vpr to be 
beaten, driven or hammered into; to 
wedge; — ne n beating, hammering, driv- 
ing into. 

BMncAaiNi. v BGaHCAaM-b. 

BB^HCAaM-b va to lead in, into, show in, 
introduce; He —aw Hac* a-b nsKyuie- 
HHCf lead us not into temptation; — 
Bi> BjiaACHHCt to put one in possession 
of; — pe4>opMH, to introduce reforms; 
— ce vpr to be led, introduced; to be 
put in possession (of a property); — ne 
n leading in, into; introducing; putting 
in possession of; — a^hhc n introduct- 
ion (of a bo6k)j Presentation (of the 
Blessed Virgin). 

UTAin(y)BtkM'b ce vpr to eye, look atten- 
tively, sleadfastly (at one), fix one's eyes 
(on one); stare, gaze at, Examine attent- 
ively; —He « eying, looking attent- 
ively into (a jnatter), examining. 

BTaimoMu-h ^ V BrjieAyBBM-b ce. 

BrH%9A4Murb z;a to lodge, plant; — ce 
vpr to. fwst, build one's nest, nestle; to 



be lodged, planted; — ne n lodging, 
placing in. 

BropqAaaMi. ce vpr to become bitter, 
turn bitter; — hc n growing or turn- 
ing bitter. 

BrpancAaM-b va to fence in, into, hem, 
enclose with; to bar; barricade; — ce 
vpr to be fenced in, into, enclosed; to 
barricade oneself; — ne n fencing in, 
enclosing; — a^hi* ppp. 

Brpan^BaM-b ce vpr to become rancid, 
putrid; to get spoiled; — ne n turning 
rancid; putrescence. 

Br-LBBM-b va to bend in, inside, incurve, 
incurvate; to fold in with, put togeth- 
er; to coil around; — ce vpr to bend 
in, inside; to be bent in, incurvated; to 
coil around (of a snake); to be folded in, 
inside; — ne n folding in, inside; bend- 
ing in; — HBTi. ppp. 

Br-bCTflBaM-b va to thicken, make thicker, 
condense, coagulate; — ce vpr to thick- 
en, grow thick; to be condensed, coa> 
gulated; — ne n thickening, condensing 
{milk, etc); —Tim. ppp h a compressed 
(air), condensed (milk). 

BA^BBM-b va to insert (a rope) through, 
hand through; — ce vpr to be inserted 
through, passed through; to give one- 
self up to (anger, dispair); give one's 
mind to, go deep into, plunge into 
Can undertaking); to addict oneself to 
(drinking, etc); to think too much of 
(anvthing); to be given up, indulge one- 
seH in; — ne n inserting, passing through; 
giving up, addicting, committing, 
plunging, thinking too much; — ACH-b 
ppp; — ACHi* ' B-b MHCJiH, sunk in 
thoughts; — ACH-b bi> pa6oTa ch, given 
up to his affairs; BAajrb app. 

BA^AeH-b a projected (inward); — nocTb/ 
projection, projecture. 

BAHraM-b (-na) va to raise up, lift up; to 
pick up, take up; to hoist up, run up 
(a flag); — paikb, to raise, lift up one's 
hand; — BT>3CTaHHe, to raise up an 
insurrection; — ni^Te tosh xaM-bKi. OT-b 
TyKa, take this stone away from here; 
-— ce vpr to rise; to be raised; to be 
hoisted; to raise or lift up oneself 
(in the air), be picked (from the ground); 
to be up, be in revolt — ce aojieKa* 
to rise, get up slowly; u-feHHT-fe ex. ce 
— najiH, the prices have risen, have 
gone up; T-kCiK.ce — hbjih oti. ryKa, 



BAHrHysaM-b 



29 



they have moved away from here; a^a- 
HHero 6HAe — Haro bt. B-bSAyxa, the 

building was thrown up in the air, — hc 
n raising up (of a curtain), lifting up 
(one's hands), hoisting up (a flag), caus- 
ing or raising up (an insurrection): ris- 
ing, getting up (from a seat) — rim. m 
raiser, lifter; — uar-b ppp. 

BAHrriyBaMi. v BAwraM-b. 

BAHuisaM-b va to breathe in, into, in- 
hale, inspire, draw (air); — ce vpr to 
be breathed, inhaled; —He n breahing 
in, inhaling. 

BAJi'bCsaM'b V BA'bJiSaBaM'b. 

BAJi'b6HaTHHa / concavity, hollow, cavity; 
dimple (in the face); — toctb / hollow- 
ness, cavity; — Haxi. a concave, hollow. 

BAOB^Ui. m widower; — Bifida / widow; 
— uiKU a widower's, of a widower; — 
BiiqeH-b, -BHUiKH a widow's, of a widow, 
widow; widowly; — ctbo n widowhood; 
— ByBaM> vn to live a widow, be a 
widower or a widow: —ByBane n living 
the life of a widow. 

BApaMc^BaM-b ce vpr to suit, please; —He 
n suiting, pleasing. 

BAyxsaMi., va to. blow in, bleathe into; 

— He n blowing, breathing in, into. 
BA'bJi6^BaM'i> vu to deepen, make deep; 

to sink — ce vpr to deepen, become 
deeper; to sink lower; to depress; — ne 
n deepening; depressing; sinking; — 
HT> ppp; a concave, hollow. 

BAitJiGoq^Banfb ce vpr to go deeply into, 
sink deeper; to get lost in thought, bury 
oneself, be wrapped up; — ne n 
deepening; sinking; going deeply into; 
plunging into; — hIht. ppp. 

BAitJiS^BaRfb va to hollow, carve out; to 
deepen; — ce vpr to be deepened, 
carved out; — ne n deepening, hollow- 
ing 

BA'bpBHBaM'b va to stiffen, make stiff, 

— ce vpr to become stiff, benumbed; 
to get hardened; to be stupified; — ne 

I n stiffening; becoming stiff, benumbed; 

* — B^H-b a stiffened, benumbed; stiff. 

BA'bpBflCBaM-b, — ce vpr to be benumbed, 

petrified; — nen petrifyng; petrilication 

— caH-b ppp. 
BA'bXBaiM'b va to breathe in, inhale; to 

inspire; — ce vpr to be breathed in; 

to be inspired — ne n breathing in, 

inhaling; inspiring. 
BA'bXHOBHBaM'b VU to inspire, inspirit; 



— ce vpr to be inspired, inspirited; — 
He n inspiring;. — s^HHe n inspi- 
ration — B^H-b a 'nspired. 

BA^BaM-b va to thread; — ce vpr to l)e 
threaded; — ne n threading; — nar-b 
ppp. 

BA'fcjiBaM'b va to cut in, make hollow. 

BA^CHO V BAeCHO. 

BA'feTHH^BaM'b ce vpr to act like a child, 

BCAH^ra ad at once, right away, immedi- 
ately. 

BCAH^JK-b ad once, one time. 

BCAHd ad together. 

BeAPHH^ / serenity, brightness, clearness. 

BeAp6 n pail, bucket; — piiua / slop-pail; 
BajiH Karo hst. — , it rains pouringly. 

B^Ai>pHHKi> m large copper kettle; caul- 
dron. 

BdA'bP'b a serene, clear, bright. 

Bcana / scale, balance; — hh pi scales, 
balance. 

Be3H va to embroider, do fancy sewing; 
— aene n embroidering; — aarn. a 
embroidered; —fn6 n emoroidery. 

BesA'bCAlm-b a omnipresent; ^u^nen, — 
HOCTb/ omnipresence. 

B^Ke v Bene. 

BCJierjiiceH-b a high-toned, declamatory; 
—HO ad with a loud voice. 

BejiHK^H'b m giant; — ckh a gigantic. 

BeAHKAeH-b m Easter; —ckh a Easter, 
of Easter; — Me n easter-giant {bot). 

BejiiiKH-n6cTH m pi Lent. 

BejiHKOAyuieH-b a magnanimous, gener- 
ous; — AyiuHC n magnanimity; — 
Aymno ad magnanimously, generously. 

BejiKKOJiineHi. a magnificent, splendid; 
—HO ad — ly; — nne n magnificence, 
splendour, pomp. 

BejiHKOMx.qeHHK-b m, — i<a / great mar- 
tyr; — qecKH a great martyr's, of a 
great martyr. 

BejiHKondcreH'b a Lent, of Lent. 

BejiiiK-b a great; grand; — loatK-b, a 
great man; AjieKcaHA'bpi> — kh, Alex- 
ander the Great; — kh crapeu-b, grand 
old man; — kh KHnsb, grand-duke; — 
Ka HeA-fejifl, Passion Week. 

BejiHqiH va to praise, magnify, extol, 
glorify; — ce vpr to praise or extol 
oneself, to glory in; — ene n prais- 
ing, extolling, glorifying; exaltation; — 
eiui* pres p. 



BejiHHecTBe|i-b 



BeqepflM-b 



Be/iuqecTBeH'b a majestic, grand, august, 
great, stately; —ho ad majestically, 
grandly, magnificently; — hoctb / 
magniiicence, majesty, grandeur, state- 
liness, augustness; — ctbo n majesty, 
grandeur; majesty (title); HeroBo Uap- 
CKO —CTBO, His Royal Majesty; Bauie 
— CTBO, Your Majesty; — HHe n great- 
ness, grandeur, majesty; — mhcto Bo- 
}KHe, the Greatness ot Qod; ci> bchm- 
KOTO CH — MHe, with all his grandeur. 
BejiMKHHi / size, bigness, magnitude; 
quantity {math); oGHKHOBeHa — , ordi- 
nary size, liie-size; n-bpsa — , first 
magnitude (of stars). 
BejiMdwa m magnate, lord; — ckh a of 
a magnate, magnate's; aristocratic, — 
al; ad lordly, aristocratically; — >Ke- 
ctbo n the dignity of a magnate. 
sejiocHn^Ab m bicycle; —ayicxb m bi- 
cyclist, bicycle-rider. 
b^jih vn to say (pop). 
B^Ha / vein; — Hen-b a venous, vein. 
BeH^pa / Venus. 
BeHepMiecKH a venerial. 
B^Hseji-b m initial; monogram. 
BeHTHjiaropb m ventilator; — uh« /ven- 
tilation. 
B^nbpb m wild-boar. 
8ep6yBaMb va to enlist, recruit; — ce 
vpr to be enlisted, recruited; —He n 
enlisting, recruiting. 
BeprHfi // taxes, tribute. 
BepecMH ft credit; na — , on credit, 
Bepiira / chain; range (of mountains); 
ryptiMb Bb — rn, to chain, put in irons; 
— >KeH-b a chain, of chain; — wKa / 
dim chainlet. 
BepT^nb m den, cavern, hole; KOMap- 

A^khHckh — , a gambling den. 
BepTHK^jieHb a vertical; —ho ad — ly; 

— HOCTb / — ness. 
BecA^Hb ad all day long, throughout the 

whole day; every day. 
B^cejiii a cheerfu', merry, joyful, jovial, 
gay, jolly; — aeHb, happy day; — qo- 
BtK'b, a pleasant or jovial person; — 
jia HoBa ToAHua, Happy New Year ! 
— jio ad — ly, merrily, joUily; gaily; — 
jiocTb / —ness, jollity hilarity; —64 /, 
— jine n rejoicing, joy, merriment; mirth; 
—nviHi. f V BccejiocTb; — jinq-bK-b a 
dim rather of cheerful disposition, jolly, 

gay. 
Bec^jiH va to make merry, amuse, di- 



vert; to reJDke, cheer, gladden; to en- 
liven; BHHOTO —nvi qoB-fcKa, wine 
makes a person merry; — ce vpr to be- 
merry, enjoy ones^ll; to rejoice, cheer; 
— ji6Te ce, be merry, enjoy yourselves; 
— jiene n making foerry, amusing, di- 
verting; rejoicing; enjovnent; — jiAKb 
m jolly fellow, gay tellov. 
BecJio n oar; — Adpb m oar^aiaker. 
BCCH^ V npoA-bTb. 
BecT4;iKa / vestal-virgin. 
Becb pron all, whole; — AeH>. ad the 

whole day long, all day long. 
BeTep^Hi. m veteran; —ckh a ve^t^ran's, 

of a veteran; veteran (forces). 
BerepHH^pb m veterinarian, veterjoary, 
surgeon; — peub, — ckh a veterln^y; 
—CTBO n veterinary; farriery. 
b6to n veto. 
BerpHHa / show-case. 
BcxTdpb m rag-man, rag-gatherer, deal< 
er in rags or second-hand clothes; junk- 
dealer; dawdler; —ckh a second-hand 
(articles); junk-dealer's; — ctbo n deal- 
ing in second-hand articles. 
BexT-b a old; second-hand; — th SastTi*, 
Old Testament; — Ta Apexa, worn-out 
garment; — th ApexH, old-c!othes; Ky- 
nyBa.Mb na — to, to buy second hand; 
— THq-bKb a dim rather old, oldish, fad- 
ed, worn-out; — TOsas-feTenb u Old 
Testament, of the Old Testament; — 
TopHH / second-hand goods, frippery. 
BexT-fcH vn to get worn out, fade; to go to 
decay; — ene n getting worn out, fad- 
ing (of clothes or books); wearing out. 
B^qe ad already; no — , more, some more; 
Hall — , especially; CTHra— , no more, 
that is enough; sptMe e — , it is about 
time; He mora — aa ro Tbpnn, I can 
stand him no longer. 
B^qepb fm evening; eve, even, evening- 
time; BctKa — , every evening; npu — , 
towards evening; ad evenings, during 
evening time; — qipcHb a evening (time), 
of an evening; vesperine; — pHHKa / 
evening entertainment, evening party; — 
q^pHHita/ Evening-Star;— q6pH«/ vesp- 
er (prayer); — q^pti / supper; evening- 
time; TaitnaTa —pa, Lord's Supper. 
Beq^puMi. va vn to take, eat, have one's 
supper; — ce vpr, TptSsa jm. ce — psi, 
one must have one's supper: — ne n 
taking, getting, having or eating one's 
supper. 



31 



Beib V Be«ie. 

BemecTB6 n matter, substance, stuff; es- 
sence; e-fejio — , white niatter. 

sem^CTBeH-b a material, substantial; — 
HO ad — ly; — hoctb / materiality, sub- 
stantiality. 

BeiKb / article; tiling, object; — iuh pi 
things, effects, goods. 

BiKHjiaBflBBM-b vo to make pliable, stiff, 
strong, elastic; — ce vpr to become 
flexible, pliable, elastic. 

BsaHMaM-b V saHMaM-b. 

B3aHMeH-b a mutual, reciprocal; — ho ad 
— ly; — HOCTb / mutuality, reciprocity. 

BsrjieA'b m view, opinion; v BsrjinA'b. 

BSBtpflBBM-b ce vpr to brutalize, become 
brutal; —He n brutalising. 

Bs^MaM'b, BSHMaM'b va to take, receive; 
to take from; to take hold of; — ua 
sacMi., to borrow; — noAi> BHHManHe, 
to take into consideration; — Cea-b no- 
3Bo.neHHe, to take without permission; 
— ce vpr to be taken; to be received 
{of gifts, etc); — ce noAi* BHHMauHe, to 
be taken into consideration; — hc n 
taking, receiving; — He-AaaaHC, deal- 
ing, business; — tkh / bril)e; — T-b ppp. 

B3MpaM-b ce vpr to look on, upon more 
closely, attentively, eagerly; to stare, 
gaze; to be particular, fastidious (about- 
things); —-He n looking on more close- 
ly; inspecting attentively; gazing, star- 
ing; stare; fastidiousness. 

BaHCK^TeJieH'b a particular, exacting; fast- 
idious; —HO ad — ly; — HOCTb / ex- 
igence, severity; fastidiousness. 

Bsopu ad eary in the morning, at the 
break of day; bt. r-bMnn — , in the 
gray of the morning. 

B3op-b m look into, view, glance. 

B3pHB-b m explosion; — bcht. a explosive, 
combustible. 

B3aTHe n booty, capture. 

B3HTKa / bribe, extortion. 

bh pers pron you, to you; Kofl — Kasa, 
who told you; toH jih — ro pflof, did 
he give it to you? 

vnajiyKTh rr,. viaduct. 

BH6pdUHH / vibration. 

BMAeH1> ppp V BH>KAaM-b. 

BMACH-b a conspicuous, eminent; —ho 

ad — ly. 
BHAHM-b a visible; apparent, evident. 
BHApa / otter, grison. 
BHAOH3M-feHHBaM-b va to Vary, change. 



netamorphose; — ce vpr to change, 
vary; — hc n varying; variation; me- 
tamorphosis; — H^HHC n change, vari- 
ation, metamorphosis; phase, phasis 
{astry, manner (of playing); style, touch 
{mus); — H^H-b ppp; — uhmi. a variable; 
— HHMOCTb / variableness. 

BHAT* m look, aspect, appearance, air; 
form; kind, genus, species; sort; ho- 
BtK-b cb 6;iaropoAeH-b — , a man of 
noble appearance; nponsxoA'bT'b na 
— AOBCT-fc, the origin of the species; 
T03H — xopa He MM xapecBar-b, I don't 
like that kind (or sort) of people; — 
AOB-b a race (characteristic), generic 
(changes). 

BHAtjiHH^ / light; day light, day; Aa 
6%Ae "-> let there be light! cJiitHqesa 
— , sunshine, sunlight, the light of the 
sun; Ha — , in the light, at day light. 

BMAtjio n light, day light; day; kero- 
sene; light, lamp; — e imp v it is day 
light, it is clear; — ue n dim dear light; 
little lamp. 

BHA'^Ji'b app. 

BHAtHHe n vision, apparition, specter. 

BHAH V BHlKAaiM-b. 

BH^jiHiia / snow-storn; — qem. a snow- 
storm, of snow-storm. 

BHe pers pr pi you; Kaicb ere Bhc, how- 
are you? 

BHene n, — eui-b pres p v bh« (to weave) 

BHene n, — emi. pres p v bhs (to howl) 

RHiKAaM'b va vn to see; to view; to per- 
ceive; to look; — Cb OMHT-fe CH, to sce; 
with one's own eyes; HMa omh ho ne 
— Aa, though having eyes, yet he can't 
see; toM —a* Ao6pt, he can see 
well, has good sight or vision; — re, 
you see, you know; — ce vpr to be 
seen; to look, seem, appear, be evident 
or apparent; to see oneself; ne ce 
— Aa OTT. Aajieib, it cant be seen 
at a distance; — Aa mh ce, it seems 
to me; — ce acho, it seems very clear, 
is apparent; He ce — me mccto, we 
don't see each other often; — ne n seeing; 
Ao — He, goodbye, so long. 

BH3MTa / visit, call; — tcht. a visiting 
(card). 

BifKaMii va vn to call (aloud), call by 
name; to summon; to cry, shout; — tt. 
Me y AOMa, they want me home, have 
sent for me from home; — sa noMOiUb, 



BHKapHfl 



82 



BHCOKOHpaBCTBeH-k 



to call for help; KaKi> ro — ti>i how do 
they call him, what is his name? — 
He n calHog, call, cry (for help); shout; 
ndse; — HHua / shout, noise, disturb- 
ance; —n-h app; — hi> ppp called; invited; 
summoned; — KAqi> m crier; — komi> ad 
calling, loud, loudly; — koti* m noise, 
racket, shout, row. 

BHKApHll m vicar; — ckh a vicarial; vi- 
car's, of a vicar; — ctbo n vicarship, 
vicariate. 

BHKdHT-b m viscount; — r^ca / viscount- 
ess; —CTBO n viscountship. 

BHKi» m call, crjr, summons; appeal; shout, 
noise; — sa nOMOiUb, call, cry or ap- 
peal for help. 

B^Jia / villa, cottage, summer-house. 

Biijia / pitchfoi-k; — jiHua, — jiyuiKa / 
fork (for the table); — Jinqxa / dim 
small fork; — JiecTb a forked; — Jio- 
oCpaaeHi. a fork-shaped. , 

Biijia / nymph. 

BHjiHifl vn to rage, be furious, rave; — 
ene n raging, raving; — em* pres p. 

BHMe n udder; — cti. a having a big 
udder (of cows). 

BHHii / guilt, blame, fault; npHSHaaaMi. 
— Ta CH, I own my fault, confess my 
guilt; Toff H-hMa — , he is not to blame, 
he is innocent. 

BHHarH ad always, all the time, ever; aa 
— for ever, for good; Bhc ore — Be- 
cejii>» you are always cheerful. 

BHHApb m wine-dealer, wine-seller; —ckh 
a wine- dealer's, of wine-dealer; wine- 
grower; —CTBO n wine-trade, wine busi- 
ness; oenology. 

BHHHTejieH-b a accusative (case, gram). 

BHHo nwine; — C^pi. m v^tage; — HCH-b 
a wine, vinous, vinose; winy; — niieu'b 
m wine-drinker; — ^6e^■b m cup-bear- 
er; — npoHSBOACTBo n vine-growing; 
oenology; — ue n dim little wine; 
precious drop; — qepneuT> m cup- 
t)earer. 

bhhobAti>, — Hdaeu-b a guilty, culpable; 
a3i> He cbM-b — sa TOBa, I am not to 
blame for this; rofl narjiexcAa — , he 
looks guilty; -h^bhhkt. m guilty person; 
causer, author; — HdBHOCTb / guiltiness, 
culpability. 

BKHT-b m screw; — tob* a screw (pro- 
peller); — Too6pi3eH-b a screw-shap- 
ed, spiral; circinal (bot). 

BiipHyBaMi> (-ua) va to raise up, set up. 



run up, — rjiaaa, to carry one's head 
high, be stubborn; — onauiKa, to shoot 
one's tail straight up; — ne « raising, 
setting, holding erect; — hbti. a u ppp 
raised up, erect; cb — hbth yuiH, with 
one's ears erect. 

BHporjiiBi> a stubborn, hard-headed, 
self-willed; — aeui-b m hard-headed per- 
son, stubborn fellow; —bhc n, — u(HHa 
/ stubb(M-ness; self-will. 

BHpi> m pool; whirlpool; mill pond; — 
BOAa ad dripping, soaking wet, drench- 
ed; — qe n dim small pool. 

BHpin VH to thrive, flourish; — ene n 
thriving* flourishing; — eucb pres p. 

Biipa va to raise up, hold erect, run up, 
stand straight or erect; — rjiasa, to 
hold one's head up; to be proud; — 
peue n raising up, holding up straight, 
erect {of tail); ^peucb pres p. 

Biipa va to shut up, form a pool, stop 
the flow of water; — ce vpr to be 
stopped; to collect {of water), form a 
pool; — pene n stopping (the flow of 
water); — pem-b pres p. 

BHCHHa / elevation. 

Biicna V bhca. 

BHcdKO ad high, high up; highly; above, 
much; in height; loud, in a loud voice; 
XB-bpqa — , to fly up high; Tosa 
e MHoro — , that is too high; roaopsi 
— , to speek loud; n-bpyK.9. ce — , to 
be dignified; to put on airs, be proud* 
Toll e — no o6pa30BaH'b or-b abb- 
MaTB, he has a much higher educa- 
tion of the two; neTb MCTpa — » five 
meters high or in height. 

BHcoKo6jiarop6AeH'b a high born; thrice 
noble; most Honourable, Right Honour- 
able (title); — AHe n Honour, Worship, 
Highness; Bame —AHe, Your Honour, 
Right Honourable Sir. 

BHCOKOBp-ix'b, — uien-b a high-peaked. 

BHCOKOMHCnen-b a high-minded; — cjieucb 
a high-thinking; — cJine n high-mind- 



BHCOKOM4peH-b a haughty, arrogant, proud, 
puffed up; —ho ad haughtily; — pHe 
n haughtiness, arrogance; h bhcoko- 

mtpHOCTb /. 

BHcoKOHpaBeH-b a well-bred, polite, 

good-mannered. 
BHCOKOHptecTBeHb a of good morals, 

examplary; 



BHCOKOnOITCH-b 



BHCOKonoHT^H-b fl highly-respccted {title), 
highly-respectable (deed). 

BMcoKonpt.BT>3XOAHTejiCTqo « Excel- 
lence, Excellency {title); Bauie — , Your 
Excellency. 

BHcoKonptocBeiu^HCTBO » Eminence; 
— m^HT. a Most Eminent. 

BHcoKonptno;i66He n Reverence; — 
GeH-b a Right Reverend, Reverend. 

BHCOKopdAeHi* a highborn; well-bred. 

BHCOKdcem a; — ua roAHna / leap 
year. 

BHCOKoyweH'b a highlye ducated, of high 
education^ of great erudition, scholarly. 

BHCoKib a tall; — qoBtKi, tall man; — 
Ko 3AaHHe, high or tall building; — 
pi>CTb, lofty stature; — cth;ii>, lofty, 
grave style; — koto o6iuecTBo, the 
upper class; —Kara Ilopra, the Sub- 
lime Porte, Turkey. 

BHCOT^ / height, altitude; elevation, em- 
inence; dignity; ji-b^vKH ce ua — ra na 
nojio>KeHHeTO CH, to keep to one's dig- 
nity of position, 

BHCOMdfiuiH a supreme (will), august 
(person), imperial (order). 

BHc6qecTBO n Highness {title); Bauie 
UapcKO — , Your Royal Highness. 

BHCoqHHi / height, altitude; elevation, 
eminence; nerb Merpa bi. — , five 
meters high or in height; AbJi^HHa h 
— , longitude and altitude. 

BHc6m>Kb a t//m rather tall, high; — ko ad 
rather high, a little high; a little too 
high. 

BHcyjiKa / icicle. 

BHcuiH a high, superior; upper (class), 
eminent (qualities); — uie o6pa30Ba- 
HHC rz university education. 

BHcA vn to hang, suspend, be hanging, 
suspending (now); to swing, bob, dangle; 
to hang about, loiter; >KHBOT'bT'b my 
— CH Ha Koneifb, his life hangs by a 
thread; — cene n hanging (in the air), 
suspending; swinging; loitering, idling; 
idleness; — cem-b pres p; — ctjib ppp. 

BHTBa / clem.'itis {bot). 

BHT^a-b m hero, knight, knight-errant. 

BHTHH m orator, speaker; — Hckh a ora- 
tor's; oratorical, eloquent; —Actbo n 
oratory, eloquence. 

bht;i6 n screw; nut; — jieu-b a screw 
(propeller); — oGp&seH'b a screw-shap- 
ed; spiral. 

BHTpHdJii* m vitriol. 



BHTT. a plaited; curved, spiral, winding 
(stairs); — Topon. a with curved horns. 

BHXbp-b m whirlwind, whirl; a speedy,, 
fleeting, like a whirlw.nd; — poroH-b m 
steed, swift-foot horse; — pyuiKa / 
whirlwind. 

BHue a vice, under; — aAMMpajii, vice-- 
admiral; — ryGepHaropi. m lieuten' 
ant governor; — KOHcyji'b, vice consuf; 
— Kpajib m viceroy. 

BHuierji^cne n majority, plurality. 

BHuienoM^Har-b a above-mentioned, a- 
bove-stated, afore-said. 

BHuiHa / sour cherry, cherry tree; — 
naC-b m cherrysyrup; — HeBT> a cherry, 
of cherries; — HdBKa / cherry brandy. 

BHuiHH a most high (God), heavenly, 
supreme. 

Biisi va to plait, weave (garlands); to 
♦wist, coil, wind; to build (anest); to 
curve, bend (metal); MOMHTt — r-b 
B-feHUH, the maidens are weaving gar- 
lands; — ce vpr to be plaited, woven; 
to wind round, coil, twist round; to curl, 
twist oneself {of snakes), twine one- 
self; to wriggle; to move in a circle, 
hover {of birds); — e mh ce cB-br-b, to 
be or feel dizzy; opejii* ce — e bhco- 
Ko B-b o6.na[(HTt, an eagle is hovering 
high up in the clouds; — ene n weaving, 
plaiting; — eiub pres p; — tt. a h ppp; 
— HJiHua / V BHejiHua. 

BHH vn to howl {of wolves); to cry, 
wail; — ene n howling; howl {of winds); 
— emi* pres p, 

BKaiMeHHsaM'b va to petrify, lapidify, 
turn into stone; — ce vpr to petrify, 
turn to stone; —He n petrifying, lapid- 
ifying; petrification; petrescence; — 
H^HT. a petrified; stunned; — nfeflOCTb / 
petrifaction. 

BK^psaM-b va to drive in, into; to shove 
in, into; to push in, into; — bt. n^Tti. 
to put on the right track; — ce vpr 
to be driven, shoved, pushed in, into; 
to be got in, into, be gotten in, into; 
—He n driving in, into; shoving in, into; 

BKdqBaMi> va to hook one over another, 
hook together; — ce vpr to t)e hooked; 
—He n hooking. 

BK^ncysaM-b va to catch, seize; to sur- 
prise. 

BKHCBaM-b va to sour, curdle; — ce vpr 
to sour, curdle, spoil {of milk); to gtt 
spoiled, become sour or putrid; — ne n 
3 



BKHCe^flBaM-b 



34 



BJI«J|iI<ieCTBO 



souring, curdling; spoiling (o/ food;', •— 
Haji-bt — HaTi> ppp. 
BKHceji^BaM-b va to sour, make sour or 
sourish; to acidify — ce vpr to be- 
come or turn sour or sourish; to be 
made sour or sourish; —He n making 
or turning sour; acidifying; acidifica- 
tion; — JieH-b ppp. 

BKHCHyBBM-b (-HB) CC Vpr V BKHCBBM-b. 

BKji^flBdM-b va to glue together; — ce 
vpr to be glued together; —He n glu- 
ing together. 

BKJitmBaM-b va to clamp together, join 
or nip (the edges of two metals) — ce 
vpr to clamp together, be clamped to- 
gether; —He n clamping. 

BKjiioq^BaM-b va to include, inclose, count 
in; to insert, put in; — ce vpr to be 
included; to be inserted; — ne n includ- 
ing, inclosing; inclusion, insertion; — 
qcHi. ppp. 

BKJiiOMiiTeJieH-b a inclusive; —ho ad — 
ly, included. 

BKOB^BBM-b va to forge in or together, 
hammer in or together; to nail, fix 
(one's attention); to set in (diamonds); 

— ce vpr to be forged in or to geth- 
er; to be nailed down; to become be- 
numbed (with cold); to be set in; — 
He n forging, welding; nailing down; 
setting in; benumbing; — ht. ppp. 

BKOKaji^BaMi> va to turn or change into 
bone, ossify; to make stiff, benumbed 
(with cold;; — ce vpr to turn to bone, 
become ossified; to benumb, get stiff, 
benumbed; —He n turning to stone; 
ossification; benumbing, turning torpid; 
— ji^Hi. ppp. 

B!<OKajIHCBaM-b V BKOKajISIBaM-b. 

BKon^saM-b va to dig into; — ce vpr to 
dig oneself inlo; — ne n digging into; — 
HBH-b ppp. 

BKdnBaiH-b va to seize, take hold of, grab; 

— ce vpr to seize, cling to, get hold 
of; —He n seizing, catching; — nan-b ppp. 

BK^nqBaM-b va to button in, together; 
to hook in, together; to cramp, nail in 
or together; to bolt, rivet (metals); to 
corner, hem in; — ce vpr to button 
in, together; to hook, be hooked; to be 
bolted, riveted; — ne n clasping, rivet- 
ing, nailing; cornering; — q^m. ppp. 

BKOpasHBaM-b va to harden, make hard; 
to make stiff; — CbpAuero ch, to hard- 
en one's heart; — ce vpr to harden, 



become 1»ard or stiff, grow hard; — ne 
n hardening; — b6h> ppp. 
BKopeH^BaM-b va to root in, inculcate; 

— ce vpr to take root, be rooted in, 
inculcated; to be fixed; — ne n rooting, 
inculcating; fixing (in mind); fixation; 
— H^Hb ppp; —HHTejib m rooter, incul- 
cator. 

BKOTji^CBHM-b vti to become coppered, 
get covered with verdigris; — ne n be- 
coming coppered; — cajtb ppp. 

BKoqeHflBBM-b va to stiffen, make stiff, 
benumbed; — ce vpr to stiffen, grow 
stiff, benumbed; to be benumbed (with 
cold); —He n stiffening, making stiff, 
benumbing; stiffness, numbness; — 
cajiT* ppp stiffened, benumbed; stiff; — 
H^H-b ppp. 

BKp^Titt ad in short, briefly, in a Word» 
in a nut shell. 

BKp-^nBBM'b va to fasten on or together, 
fix firmly on; — ce vpr to be fast- 
ened or tixed on; — ne n fastening on, 
fixing on; — n^nii ppp fastened on, fixed on, 

BKyn-b ad together, jointly, in a pile, 
all in one; — noM'b ad together, in 
one lot. 

BKycBBM-b a to taste; to try; to enjoy; 

— ce vpr to be tasted; — ne n tast- 
ing; — ceHT> ppp. 

BKyceHi a tasty, palatable, savoury; — 
HO eAene, tasty, palatable or dainty 
dish; —HO ad tastily, palatably; —ho 
oSjitqeH-b, dressed tastily or with 
taste. 

BKycb m taste; savour; oSji'feqeH'b cb 
— , dressed with taste or tastily; smt. 
CT. — , to relish, eat with appetite; — 
coB-b a gustatory (nerve). 

Bji^ra / dampness, humidity, moisture; 
— roMtpT. m hydrometer. 

BjidraM-b . z/a to lay in, put in; to deposit, 
invest (money); — ce vpr to be put in, 
invested, deposited; — rijiHiue n store 
room, store house, depot; sheath; matrix; 
—He n laying in, depositing, investing; 
investment, deposition; — rdq-b m depo- 
sitor, investor. 

Bji^AaM-b va to own, possess (property); 

— ce vpr to be owned, possessed; — M- 
jio n title deed; — ne n owning, possess- 
ing; possession; —Ji,9.WV, ppp\ V BJiaA'^H. 

BjiaAHKa / bishop; — mKH a bishop's, of 

a bishop; episcopal. 
BjiaAHqecTBo n dominion, sovereignty, 



BjiaA'bTejiCTByBaM-b 



35 



BjioiuaaaM'b 



sway; — cTByBaM-b vn to dominate, 
rule over, have dominioa over, lord 
over; — CTByaaHe n dominating^ ruling 
or reigning over. 

BJiaA'^TejiCTBysaM'b vn to ru'e, reign 
have dominion over; — ue n ruling, 
reigning; reign. 

BjiaA'^TCJib m owner, possessor; sover- 
eign, ruler; — ckh a owner's, proprietor's, 
of an owner or proprietor; sovereign's, 
of a sovereign; sovereign. 

BjiaA'^si va to own, possess; to rule, gov- 
ern; to control, to have the mastery of; 
TOft -i-e aurjiHiicKH Ao6p-b, he knows 
English well; AnrjiHii — ecatra, England 
rules the world; >KeHa my ro — e, his 
wife controls him or has the better of 
him; — ce vpr to be owned, possessed, 
be in the possession of; to be ruled, 
controlled; to be mastered; — enen own- 
ing, possessing, having the possession 
of; ruling, controlling; — jieui. in own- 
er, possessor, holder; — hhc n posses- 
sion; estate; dominion; BCTAnaaM-b bi> 
— HHc, to take possession of; rypaMi* 
BT. — HHCt to transfer, hand over. 

B;i&»eH-b a damp, humid, moist; clam- 
my (feet); aptMero e —ho, the weath- 
er is damp; — hhh4 / dampness; — 
HOCTb / dampness, moisture, humidity. 

BJI^3HM-b V BJIHSaiH-b. 

BJiaKHd n hair, folicle; fibre, fibril; — 
H^HT. a made of. hair, hair (mattress); 
— H^CTT. a hairy; fibrous, filaceous (bot); 
— K-bHi^^ n dim tiny hair, folicle. 

BjiaKOMHBaM'b ce vpr to grow greedy, 
become avaricious. 

BjidK-b m train; truck; drag, harrow; 
Stpa-b — , f^t or express train; MHna- 
Baiwb c-b — , to harrow (a field). 

BjiacTb / power, authority; qoB-feKi. ct. 
— , a man of authority; uapcKa — , 
royal authority; Hsn-bjiKHTe^ina — , ex- 
ecutive power; AOxajKAaM'b Ha --, to 
come into power; i^hbhjihh — th, civil 
authorities; — THTeJiCKH a ruler's, sov- 
ereign's, of a ruler, of a sovereign; — 
THTCjib m ruler, sovereign, lord; — 
HHK-b m dominator, master; — tojih>- 
6eu'b m a lover of power or authority, 
aspirer to power; — TOJiK56He n love 
of power; — rysaM-b vn to rule, domi- 
nate, reign, govern; — rysaHe n domi- 
nation, rule, reign. 



Bjiacb m hair, fibre; — -cAr-b a hairy (per- 
son), pilose; woolly; — cooGpdseH'b a 
capillary, capillaceous. 

Bjidqa va to drag, draw, train, trail; to 
tow (a boat); to card (wool); -^ ce vpr 
to drag oneself, be dragged; to be 
carded Xof wool); to loiter, drag along, 
lag behind; — qene n dragging; card- 
ing (of wool); — qdp-b m wool-carder; — 
qernKdM-b ad dragging, laggingly, slug- 
gishly; — qem-b pres p; — qHjiKa/ har- 
row, drag. 

BjieAeH^BaM-b va to ice, tura to ice, 
freeze, make Jce-cold; to make stiff, 
benumbed; , — ce vpr to turn to ice, 
freeze, congeal; to be frozen; to become 
stiff with cold, be benumbed; — ue n 
turning to ice, freezing; stiffening, be- 
numbing; — H^H-b ppp frozen; stiff, be- 
numbed. 

BjiHGaaM-b V BjnoGaaM-b. 

BjiHaaM-b va to pour in, into; to empty; — 
ce vpr to flow in, into, empty into (o/ 
a river); — ue n flowing, emptying; 
discharge. 

BjiHsaiH-b z/n to enter, enter in. Into; to get 
in, into; to come in, into, walk in, into; 
— BT, pa3roBop>, to enter into con- 
versation; He MM — aa s-b rjiaaara, it 
doesn't come into my head; nexb — aa 
ABa n&TH B-b AeccTb, five goes in ten 
twice; BjitsH^re, Bjitare, come in, 
walk in! — ne n entering, getting in, 
coming in, walking in; entry, access, 
admission. 

BJiHTaiM-b vn to fly in, fly together. 

BjiH^n va to influence, have an influence 
over (one); — ce vpr to be influenced, 
be a subject to influences; to be affect- 
ed; Tofl ce — e OTT. weua ch, his wife 
has a controlling influence over him; — 
enen influencing, exerting an influence; 
affecting; — hhc n influence; — xejieH-b 
a influential. 

Bjior-b m deposit, pledge; stake, share. 

BjibMceH-b ppp V BjiaraM-b; a deposited, 
on deposit. 

BjioHCHTejib m depositor, investor. 

BJldlKHHUa / V HOKHHUa. 

BjiorndsaM-b va to make or render worse; 
to deteriorate; — ce vpr to grow, be- 
come or turn worse; to deteriorate; to 
get, feel worse; HeroBOTO nojioweHHe 
ce — aa, his Sjtate or condition is get- 
ting worse; —He n making or grow- 



BMtCTflM-b 



Ing worse; deteriorating; deterioration; 
— m^Hii ppp. 

Bjilxsa m wise man. magi; astrologer; 
wag (pop). 

BJiiso ad on the left, to the left, at the 
left, towards the left. 

BJiisBBM-b (-Ha) V BjiHsaM-b; — 3i> sing, 
^TC pi come in, walk in I — 3i>jii>, — 
hAjii. ppp. 

BJitKd va to drag, draw along, to trail, 
train; Toaa — qe CM-bprb noAHp-b 
ce6e CH, that thing brings death after 
it; — ce vpr to drag, draw along, trail, 
train; to drag oneself, be dragged; to 
lag behind, loiter; — hcctb a shabby, 
sluggish, slothful. 

BJltjI-b app V BJIHBaMl>. 
BiltHl ppp V BJIHBaMl>. 

BJi-fen6pBaMi> va to thrust (one's hand) 
in, shove in, push in, into; — omh, to 
fix one's eyes upon (a person); — eAHa 
iffejiysKa, to give a kiss, give a 
smack; — ce vpr to be thrust, shoved 
in; to push oneself in; — He« thrusting, 
shoving; thrust, shove. 

Bji^H^BaM'b ce vpr to get lazy, grow 
lazy. 

BA^nBaMi., — nniM-b va to glue in, on or 
together; to paste, stick together; — ce 
vpr to be glued, pasted, stuck in, on or 
together; — hc n gluing, pasting, sitck- 
ing in, on or together; — neHit ppp. 

B^rfeTI* ppp V BJIHBaM'b. 

Bjitqi V B^itKa. 

Bji-bi^HHe n inclination, love for, attrac- 
tion; TOJf HMa — K-hn-b MysHKara, he 

has an inclination towards music. 

BJitieiuKdM'b ad dragging, trailingly; lag- 
gingly. 

BJi^qyra n creeper; — rn, pi reptiles (zool). 

BjiidSBaM'b va to cause to fall in love 
with (a person), — ce vpr to fall in love 
with a person, be enamoured of, be 
fascinated with; — ce ai>ji6oko, to be 
deeply in love with (a person); —He n 
causing or falling in love with; — eem. 
ppp H a in love with, enamoured, love- 
struck, love-sick. 

Bjiio6qHB'b a easily falling in love with, 
amorous; — boctb / amorousness. 

BAfdABaM-b V BwejiOB^qaBaM-b. 

BjnoT^BaiM-b va to make peppery; to in- 
flame; — ce vpr to become peppery; 
to become inflamed. 



BM^MBaM-b V npHMaMSaiN'b. 

BMepHCBaiMb ce vpr to stink, become put- 
rid; to get spoiled (of fish), have a 
bad •smell; — ne n becoming putrid, 
spoiling, stinking; — cajia ce pH6ar 
stinking fish; — can-b ppp. 

BM^reH-b ppp V BMHTam-b. 

BMHri ad in a wink, in the twinkling of 
an eye, in a trice. 

BMHTaMb va to sweep in or together. 

BMOT^BaiM-b va to wind in, into, entwine, 
roll in, into (a ball); — ce vpr to wind 
in. into, be wound, entwined; to coil 
round {of snakes)'. — hc n winding in, 
into; —Tarn. ppp. 

BMiKBaM-b (na) va to drag, draw, pull 
in, into; to insert, interpolate; — B-b ne- 
macTHe, to drag or involve In misfor- 
tune; — AyMa, to insert a word (in- 
a line); — ce vpr to drag oneself into; 
draw near, steal into; to be dragged 
into; to be inserted; — ne n dragging 
into; inserting; insertion; — hbtt. ppp. 

BHtH^BaMi. va to change, replace; to 
impute, ascribe; to reckon, consider; — 
ce vpr to be changed, replaced; to be 
imputed, ascribed, attributed; to be 
reckoned, considered; — ne n changing, 
replacing; imputing, ascribing; reckon- 
ing; — H^HHe n imputation; counting 
as, rating; — H^Hb ppp. 

BMicBaiwb va to mix in, into, put ia 
together; to mingle; to involve, impli- 
cate; — HtKoro BT, yCHttcTBO, to 
implicate one in a murder; — ce vpr to 
mix in, into, be mixed in, into; to be 
implicated, involved; to mix in, med- 
dle, interfere (with people's affairs); — 
He « mixing in, into; involving, med- 
dling, interiering; interfetence, interpo- 
sition; — cen-b ppp. 

BMicTO ad in place of, instead, instead 
of, m lieu of; TOft OTHBa BottHHK'b 
— Gpara ch, he goes a soldier in 
place of his brother; — ^a 6«.Ae 6fla- 
roAapeni*, rofl neroAyBa, instead of 
being grateful he is murmuring. 

BM4cTJiM'b va to place, put in; to insert; 
to contain, hold; — ce vpr to be placed, 
put in; to go'^ in; to be contained; 
nerb ce — th s-b Aecerb ^Ba nx.- 
TH, five is contained twice in ten; 
BcnqKo He Mo>Ke aa. ce — th bi* ko- 
pa6a, there is not room for every thing 



BM-bmarejiCTBo 



37 



aboard the ship; —hc n placing, put- 
ting in, getting in; inserting, insertion; 
— TCHT. ppp placed in, gotten in; insert- 
ed; fixed; — thjihiuc n receptacle, de- 
pository. 

BM^uidreJiCTBO n interference, meddling. 

BMAApeHi> a looking wise, thoughtful. 

BH^CHM'b va to bring in, into; carry, bear 
in. Into, get in, into; to deposit; to 
enter, insert; TpyAOJiio6HBHHT'b — ca, 
the industrious person brings in; — 
B-bnpocb 3a pasHCKsaHe, to bring in 
a question for discussion; — bt. Tecj)- 
TCpHTt, to enter in the journals; — 
ce vpr to be carried, brought, twrne, 
taken in, into; to be entered; to be 
paid, deposited; — lie n bringing, car- 
rying, bearing, taking in, into; entering; 
paying (by installments); BHeceu'b ppp. 

K&tnkao ad in the beginning, at the 
outset, at first; — 6t Bori), in the be- 
ginning was God; — to ua roAHHara, 
at the beginning of the year; — e Bce 
Ttfl, it is always so at first. 

BHes^neu-b a sudden, unexpected; —ho 
ad — ly, unawares; — hoctb / sudden- 
ness, unexpectedness. 

BHeca V BHaCHM-b. 

BHHKBaM-b (-Ha) vti to 866 through, get 
into (a fact , penetrate, comprehend; — 
B-b TaflHara, to penetrate into the 
secret (of); — ce vpr to be seen through, 
penetrated; Tp-feGsa Aa ce — ne aiiJioo- 
KO B-b HCTHHara, one must get deeper 
into the truth; — ne n seeing through, 
getting into, penetrating, comprehend- 
ing; penetration; — nar-b ppp. 

flBHMdBaM-b vn to pay attention to, mind, 
heed, listen to, hear; to be careful, look- 
out; — B-b ypouHT-fe CH, to pay at- 
tention to one's studies; — Htc bi. ro- 
BopHTe^n, pay attention, listen to the 
speaker; — flrct be careful! lookout! — 
He n paying attention, listening; look- 
ing out; mradingi — hhc n attention; 
heed, care; ct. — hhc, carefully, atten- 
tively; — HHCi attention! 

BHHM^rejieH-b a attentive; careful; thought- 
ful, considerate; — ho — ly; with care, 
softly; — HOCTb / attentiveness. atten- 
tion; mindfulness, regard, consideration. 

BUHCaRfb V BHaCHMl.. 
BH6CfllM-b V BHaC$IMl>. 

BHyK-b m nephew; — Ka/ niece; — qe n dim 
young nephew; — qKa/ dim young niece. 



BHyuidaaM-b va to suggest, hint, inti 
mate; to instil, inspire; TOfl My — 
uiHA-b Ta3H MHCMib, he was who 
suggested this idea to him; — CTpaxi>, 
to inspire awe or fear; — ce vpr to be 
suggested; to be inspired; — ne n sug- 
gesting; inspiring; — ui^HHe n sugges- 
tion, hint, intimation; insinuation; — 
ui^Hi. ppp; — uiHji-b app. 

BHyuiHTCjib m suggester, inspirer, instil- 
lator; — ;ieH-b a suggestive; imposing, 
impressive, attractive (personality); — 
HO ad in an imposing manner, impres 
sively; — HOCTb / impressiveness, im- 
pression. 

BO prep; — aptMe oho, in the times of 
old; — rjiaat, at the head of. 

BOAa / water; caera — , holy water; ikh- 
Btfl cb xjit<S-b H — , to live upon bread 
and water; nALTyaaM-b no — , to go 
by water; oti> THxa — Aa ce 6ohuii>, 
one should avoid the still waters; — 
ACH-b a water, of water; liquid; watery; 
abundant in water; marshy; hydraulic 
(press); — Aenb n^OAbt watery fruit; — aa 
HTHua, water-fowl; —ho ;iajie, water- 
lily; — AHi^a / dim a little water, a 
drop of water; — ahuh pi v Eoroaa- 
jieHHc; — HecTb, — A^a-b a watery; 
liquid; — ^a^hkb / dropsy. 

BOA^ib m guide, interpreter; leader. 

BdAsaM-b- cond v boar. 

BdAene n v boah* 

BOAeHHua m mill, flour mill; gizzard (in 
birds'; napua — , steam mill; p«.iiHa 
— , quern; B-feTpena — , wind mill; — 
qen-b a mill (stone), of a mill. 

BOAeuHMdpb m miller; —Ka/ miller's wife, 
woman miller; — ckh a miller's, of a 
miller; — ctbo n flour mill business, 
miller's trade. 

BdAen-b a v aoAa. 

BdACHb ppp; — ACiUb pres p v BOAa> 

BOAHJio n halter, rein; draught bar (of a 
carriage); front (of a stocking). 

BOAHTejib m leader; spokesman; conduct- 
or, guide; — Ka / woman leader; con- 
ductress; —CKH a leader's, of a leader; 
—CTBO n leadership; lead. 

BOAHua / dim a little water, a drop of 
water; —uyi pi v BorosBjienHe. 

BOAHQ'b m headman, leader; bellwether. 

BdAHa-ejiA/ alder, alder tree; — -smh^ / 
water snake; — -Ji^ma / duck-weed 
ipot); — -KOK6uiKa / water hen, dab 



BOAHHK'b 



BOflCKa 



chick; —ho KOKduiqe n rail-bird. 

BOAHAicb m rack (for hanging water ket- 
tles); cui^bbard; water basin. 

BOAHHua / V BOAHa 3mhh; watery or 
mellow fruit. 

B^AHOCTb / wateriness, abundance in 
water. 

BOAo6od3'bHb / rabies, hydrophobia. 

BOAOBiwfeCTiijiHiiie / reservoir, cistern. 

BOAOBdA'b m water canal, water pipe. 

BOAOsipTt m whljHpool, vortex. 

BOAO^i* m cistern, reservoir. 

BOAOHSM'fem^HHe ft displacement (of 
water). 

BOAOJiis'b m diver. 

BOAOJiiit m water spout, conduct pipe. 

BOAOJi-feq^CeH-b a hydropathic; —H^HHe n 
hydropathy. 

BOAOMipi* m water gauge, water meter. 

BOAOHcSceHT. a aquiterous; — u* m wa- 
ter carrier, waterman. 

BOAoniicaHe n hydrography; — cAreAb m 
hydrographer. 

BOAOOTBdAeH-b a draining (pipe). 

BOAon^A'b fn water fall; cascade, falls; 
cataract; HnarapcKH — , Niagara Falls, 

BOAonAei]ii> m water drinker. 

BOAondfl m water trough, water tank. 

BOAonpoB6AeH'b a water-conducting, con- 
duit (pipe), water (main). 

BOAonpoBdAi> ffi aqueduct, canaf. 

BOAopasA'^A'b m watershed. 

BOAopiCACK'b m sea weed, hydrophyte 
(bot). 

BOAop6A'b m hydrogen (chem); — ACH-b 
hydrogen, of hydrogen. 

BOAopis-b m cut water. 

BOAOCB^T'b m consecration of water. 

BOAOcK^K-b m water fall, cascade, cata- 
ract. 

BOAOcnycK'b m flood gate, sluice. 

BOAOxpaHHjiHme n reservoir. 

BOAOui^icHe V BOAOJitHene. 

b5ah va to lead, conduct, guide; to keep 
(books,; to manage (an aliair); to have 
for a wife; — a^tc na yqHJiHme, to 
take a boy to school; — xopo, to lead 
a dance; — neroBa cecrpa, to have his 
sister for wife; — ce vpr to be led; to 
be easily led, be docile, submissive; to 
be kept {of books,; to go together, be 
chums; roBCAOTO ce -—ah sa porara^ 
qoBtKi> 3a e3HKa, one leads an animal 



by a halter and man by his tongue; sa 
BCHHKO TOBa My €6 —AH cMtTKa, he 

is held responsible for this all; roll 
ce —AH, he is easily led, influenced; 
— Aene n leading, conducting, taking to 
<theater, eic/, keeping (books); manag- 
ing; — Aemi* pres p; — ahjii. app. 

BoeBbAB V BoiiBOAa. 

BoeHaq^jiHHK'b m chief, commander; gen- 
eral, field marshal; -r-uiKHa command- 
er's, of a commander; — qecTBO n com- 
mand, commandery. 

Boenaq^jiCTByBaM-b vn to command, lead 
(an army); —He n commanding, lead- 
ing an army. 

BoeHCen)!. a military, war, martial, army; 
m military man, army man, officer; — 
CA.A'b, court-martial; — xcHBOTb, mil- 
itary life, sold-er's life; — 3aKOH-bt 
martial-law; — MHHHCT'bp'bt war mi- 
nister, minister of war, secretary of war; 
— HJitHHHK'b m war prisoner; —ho mh- 
HHcrepcTBO War Ministry, War Office; 
—HO noJiOH<eHHe, martial law; — na 
CTO^Ka, war like figure; — na HayKa» 
military science; — na CAyxc6a, militar- 
y service; — HOjiioCHBi. a war like, 
military; — HOCJijMc^iub, — xc^rejib 
tn one serving in the army, army man; 
— uiHHd / military life or service. 

BOWA'b tn leader, chief, captain, chieftain. 

b53h va to carry, truck, cart (material, 
etc); to drive, give a drive; — ce vpr 
to be trucked, carted; to be driven; to 
drive, take a drive; — sese n trucking, 
carting; driving, drive; -semi, pres p, 
— 3HT6a / transporting, carting, wheel- 
ing; —a-b m car load. 

Bott m cry, groan; howl. 

BoiiBbAa / voivode, chief, captain, chief- 
tain; — CKH a voivode's, of a voivode; 
— CTBO n voivodship, captaincy; — Ay- 
BaM-b vn to be a voivode of, to cap- 
tain (a band). 

BoflH^/ war; MeH<Ayoco6Ha — , civil war. 

BofiHHK'b m soldier, private; — hhiukh a 
soldier's, of a soldier. 

BditHCTBeni. a warlike, martial, military, 
— HO ad martially; inimicaUy; — HOCTb 
/ military or martial spirit, martialism. 

BofiH-b m warrior, soldier, fighter; — ckh 
a warrior's, of a warrior; military; — 
hhctbo n army, forces, troops. 

BoiicK^ / army; — CKda-b a army; of 
an army. 



BiiycKaMi* 



BOK^jieH-b a vocal; — JiHsduHii / vocal- 
isation; — jiHsyBaM'b va to vocalise. 

BOJi^, — jicHue, — fl^u-b, —^^ n dim bul- 
lock, a nice little bullock. 

BdjieHi* a free, voluntary spontaneous; 

— HeBOJieui, whether willing or not; 

— np'feBOA'bt free translation', — h3- 
6opi>« free choice; — ho ABH}KeHHe> 
voluntary action; ^hhki> m libertine, 
happy-go-lucky; —ho ad willingly, of 
one's own accord; — nocTb / freedom, 
liberty, licentiousness, licence 

BOJiHOHa^Men-b a hired (workmen, etc), 

mercenary (troops), special (teachers). 

Bo;iOB^pi> m drover, ox-herd, neat herd; 

— Ka / woman drover; — ckh a drov- 
er's, of a drover. 

BOJiT-b m volt iphys). 

BOJi-b m ox; — jioBi,, — ji6bckh> —ckh 
a ox's, of an ox, ox (hide ; — qe n dim 
bullock; goose {fig). 

BOJiH / will; cBoooAHa — , free will; 
B-bpuia no — ra ch, to do a thing ac- 
cording to one's whims; — ra Bomchsi, 
the will of God; — TBon, as you will, 
as you like; HapoAHa — , the will of 
the people; no — , at will, freely. 

BOHtn vn to stink, have a bad smell, 
smell bad; — ene n stinking; stink; 
— emi. pres p. 

BOHH / stink, stench; vn to stink, smell 
bad; — nemHua/ stinking woman, stink- 
er; stinkard (animal;; — hciut. pres p. 

Bdniji-b m wail, cry, lamentation. 

BdcbK-b m wax, bee's-wax; — qeHHi^a, 
— lUeuHqa, / wax cloth, cerecloth; — 
RCH-b a wax (candle), waxen, of wax, 
cereous (matter); — la va to wax, rub 
with wax; — mnna / honey comb. 

BOK$BaM-b vn to war, make war, carry 
on war. wage war; —He n warring, car- 
rying on war, waging war, campaign- 
ing; — m-b pres p\ a belligerent (states), 
warring, fighting, 

Bn^AaM-b (-Ha) vn to fall in, into; to fall, 
fall in with, coincide, go together; to 
sink, be sunk; ocbra rp'bCBa Aa — 
He BT. nyra, the axle must fall into the 
groove; ct. — najiH ohh, with sunken 
eyes; —He n falling in, into; sinking; 
— AHHd / hollow, cavity oqna —jtyi- 
na, eye-socket, orbit; — HariiHa / hol- 
lowness, hollow, cavity. 

Bn^psaMii va to fix one's eyes on (some 



object), stare at, gaze at; to feast one's 
eyes on (one); cb ohh — penH kt.m- 
TO seiMSTa, with one's eyes looking 
fixedly towards the ground.. 

BneqariiTejieH-b a impressive; striking, 
fascinating; — nocTb / impressiveness, 
impressibility. 

BneqaTji^BaiM-b va to imprint, impress, fix 
(in the mind); to engrave; — ce vpr to 
imprint itself, be imprinted, impressed; 
—He n imprinting, impressing; impres- 
sion; — ji^HHe n impression. 

BnHBaM-b va suck in, draw in by suck- 
ing, hold by suction; to absorb; to stick 
in, into; to fix (one's eyes on one); — 
ce vpr to be sucked or drawn in, into; 
to cling to, get stuck to; to be fixed; 
to give oneself to drinking; toH ce e 
SHH^ii*, he has given himself to drink- 
ing; — He n sucking or drawing in, into; 
sticking to, clinging to; fixing; — en-b, 
— TT. ppp\ a fixed (look, etc). 

BOHCBaiM-b va to inscribe, write in, in- 
sert; to enter, register (in a book); — 
ce vpr to be inscribed; to be entered; 
—He n inscribing; enrolling (one's 
name); entering ^in a book); — can-b ppp. 

Bnji^Ten-b ppp v Bn.nHTaM-b. 

BojiHTaM-b va to plait, twist in, into; to 
knit in, into; to twine, interweave; to 
implicate, mix in, entangle (in an 
affair); to hem, corner (an enemy); — 
ce vpr to be plaited, knitted in, into; to 
be twisted in, into; to twist oneself in, 
into, get in between; to cling; to be 
mixed in, into, be entangled, implicat- 
ed; —He n plaiting in. into (o/ hair), 
knitting in, into {of stockings); twisting 
in. into; interweaving; entangling; en- 
tanglement. 

Bnp^rHyBjM-b (-na) v snp^raM'b. 

Bnp^ACH'b ppp V BOpHAaM'b. 

onpHAaM-b z/a to spin in, into or togeth- 
er; to twine, twist in, into; — ce vpr 
to be spun in, into; to be twined togeth- 
er; —He n spinning in, into; twining 
together. 

BHp-feraM'b (-Ha) va to yoke (oxen), put, 
harness Chorses); — ce vpr to be yoked, 
harnessed, put; to harness oneself; to 
get at; -ne/i yoking, putting, harness- 
ing; — r^TCJieH-b a broken in, yoke (an- 
imal), of, burden; — naxi. ppp. 

BnycKaM-bt — maiwb (-na) va to let down, 
drop; to let in, admit; — ce vpr to be 



Bn-bJIHO 



BpeAflBaMi. 



let down, dropped; to embark, engage, 
plunge (into an undertaking ; — ce bt. 
noApoSHOCTH, to go too Hiuch into 
details; —He n letting down, dropping; 
engaging, embarking into, going into; 
— HaT-b ppp. 

BnijiHO ad lully, in full; completely. 

BnipBeu-b V Hsn'bpBO. 

Bn-ixaiMi. va to shove, stick in, into; to 
insert; — ce vpr to be shoved, stuck 
in, into; to shove, push oneself in, into; 
to get in tight; — eaMi. va pres hist 
and cond,, — hc n shoving, sticking in, 
into; cramming; — Har-b ppp. 

Bpd vn to boil; to ferment; to bubble; 
Bpene n boiling; Bpeuii> pres p. 

Bpa66ui> m, — q6 n cock sparrow, spar- 
row; — q6Hi<e n dim young sparrow, 
a nice little sparrow. 

Bpi6Ka, — 6Hua / hen sparrow. 

BparyBaMi> vn to be at enmity, bear ill- 
will, be hostile to; —He n bearing ill- 
will, detesting, warring against. 

Bpari> m enemy, toe; adversary; no 
— ra, to the devil! — roB6, — 3h pi, 
— iKecKH a enemy's, foe's, of an enemy, 
of a foe; inimical, hostile. 

Bpa>KA^ / enmity, animosity, hatred, ran- 
cour; hostility. 

Bpa>KA^6eH-b a inimical, unfriendly, hos- 
tile; —HO ad — ly; — hoctb / hostility, 
animosity, ill-will, hatred. 

BpaxcAyBaMCb va to wish one evil, be at 
enmity, bear ill-will towards (a person), 
hate; — He n hostility, animosity, ill- 
will. 

BpaayMHTeJieH'b a intelligible; sensible; 
— HOCTb / intelligibility; comprehensi- 
bility. 

BpaayM^BaiM'b va to make to understand, 
explain; to bring to one's senses, bring 
to reason, sober up, advise; — ce vpr 
to be brought to reason; to come to 
reason, sober up, come to one's senses; 
—He n bringiag to reason, sobering 
up; — M^H-b ppp. 

BpandcBaM-b va blacken (the hair, etc); 
—He n blackening; — can-b ppp. 

Bpani* m raven, carrion crow; a dark, 
ruan-black; — na / crow (bird); bung- 
hole; — HeHi>, — HH a crow, of a crow; 
— HCUT. m cock crow; — hhctI} a crow- 
coloured; ruan-black (horse); — HHi^a / 
hen crow. 

spiCTBaMb vn, — ce vpr to grow in, 



into, together; — hc n growing in, into 
or together; —Har-hppp grown in, into. 

spar^ / door; gate; — riiua, — TAqKa, 
/ dim small door; a nice little door; — 
HHua / gate, yard-gate; — riiuie n a 
big door; — ua dim pi little doors, 
nice little doors. 

Bpar^pb m door keeper, porter; janitor 
(o/ a building); — ckh a door keeper's, i 
porter's, of a porter j 

Bparosp-isKa / necktie; cravat, scarf. 

Bpar-b m neck; collar; c^ynaaMi. ch 
— ra, to break one's neck; t* bchm- 
KH BHCHTa na moh — , they all depend 
on me; — ren-b a neck, of the neck; 
collar (bone); — HHK-b m collar; — H^Kb 
m neck- bone, collar bone; collous neck. 

BpaqyaaM-b vn to practise magic or 
witchcraft; to tell fortune; — ne n prac- 
tising sorcery, magic or witchcraft; tell- 
ing fortune; witchcraft, sorcery. 

spaq-b m magician, sorcerer, wizzard, con- 
jurer; physician; — Ka / sorceress, 
witch; — qdBHHKb m magic book; peo- 
ple's medical adviser 

Bp^maM-b V Bp-buiaiMb; — ui^re^jien-b a 
rotatory, gyral. 

Bpejii f harm, injury; damage; detriment; 
HtMa — , there is no harm, no harm is 
done; — ^eu-b a harmful, injurious, per- 
nicious, noxious, detrimental; — ho ad 
— ly, hurtfuUy; — ho e imp v it is 
harmful, injurious; — HOCTb / — ness; 
harm, injury. 

Bpe^HTejib n injurer, causer of harm or 
injury, hurter; — jieni. a injurious, 
harmful, hurtful; — ho ad — ly; bad; 
— HO e imp V it is injurious, bad; — 
HOCTb / —ness, perniciousnesSj nox- 
iousness 

Bpen.'b, — jioM-b ad everywhere, ill over, 
throughout; — c«. r-bll pafioTHTt, 
things are thus everywhere. 

BpeAi) ad in order, in good order; BCHq- 
Ko e — , everything is in good order. 

speAH va to harm, injure, hurt; CB'feT- 
jiHHara —ah na okoto, the light 
hurts the eyes; T-fe mm mhofo — tt. bt. 
paSorara, they hinder me a great deal 
in my work; ne — ah, it doesn't mat- 
ter, no matter; — ce vpr to be hurt, 
injured, harmed; — Aene n harming, 
hurting, injuring; — Aeuib pres p. 

BpeAHBaiM-b va line, file, arrange; to put 
in order; to give one his turn; to make 



speKa 



41 



Bp-b,ni> 



a decent man (of one); — ce vpr to 
get in line, line up; to take one's turn; 
to become a decent man; —He n lin- 
ing up, putting in line; getting in line; 
taking or giving one's turn; — a6hi. 
ppp; a in good order; well off; well 
placed; — Rvin-b app. 
epcKi subj V spHKaM-b; to promise; He 
Mora Bh ce — , I can't promise you; 
— K-bJiT. app. 

Bpene n v spa. 

Bper^HO n v Bptreno. 

speiud vn V BptcKaM-b. 

BpHBaiM-b va to bury, dig in, throw in; 
— ce vpr to bury oneself in, be bur- 
ied in, dug in; — ne burying in, dig- 
ging in; —nan. ppp. 

spHHBaM'b va to shovel up, into, pile up 
by shovelling; — ce vpr to be shovel- 
led up, piled up by shovelling; —He n 
piling up by shovelling; — nar-b ppp. 

BpHqaMi* va to promise, make a pro- 
mise; — ce vpr to promise, vow, make a 
vow, engage one's word; — ce ^a ne 
nyuia, to promise not to smoke any- 
more or to give up smoking; — ne n 
promising, vowing (to be true to each- 
other); BptqeHi. ppp. 

BpoAen-b a inborn, innate, inherent (quali- 
ties); — HOCTb n innateness, second 
nature 

spoAHBaM'b va to inculcate, ingraft, in- 
stil; — ce vpr to be inculcated, instil- 
led; to instil itself; — ne n inculcating; 
inculcation. 

Bp-b6HHua / Palm Sunday. 

Bp-bBb / string, twine, cord; — wiiua / 
dim a piece of string. 

Bp-b3BaM-b V B-bpseaMi.. 

Bp-bsi. ad v B-bpxy. 

BpiiCTb / age; v BtapacTb; — hhkt. m a 
person of the same age. 

BpiT(Hy)BaM'b (-Ha) va to turn, turn 
quick, turn at once; — ce vpr to turn 
quick, turn at once; to ba turned 
quick, at once; to start; — ce aa 6t- 
raM-b, to taxe to one's heels; — ne n 
turning quick; starting, making a start; 
— jiiiBT. a nervous, flighty, restless; — 
nar-b ppp\ — hh / clown, buffoon. 

BpbxJiHTaM-b (-Ha) vn to fly on, upon, 
fall upon, swoop, rush upon (an enemy). 

Bp-bxi} m lop, summit {of a mountain); 
pinnacle, climax {of glory), crown {of the 
head); seitfaMi. — , to take the lead, get 



the better of (one); a.o — xa, to the 
top, to the brim (of a bottle, etc); — 
jiecTb a peaked, pointed; — hh a top, 
upper (coat), over; — hhh^ / additional 
tax; —He n, — qeu-b m dim top, the 
top; nice little top or summit. 

Bpiii^-b inter/ twit; — KaiMi* vn to step or 
move by shorts, twitter, twitch, start; 
—Kane n twitching, starting, twitter- 
ing; twitch. 

Bp-bHBa / big clay jug; vat. 

Bp-buiHHK'b m iron cover, iron lid (used 
in baking bread). 

Bp-bmHHi / twig, twigs. 

Bp'^uiaM'b va turn back; to return, give 
or bring back again; to turn away, re- 
fuse; to recover, restore, retrieve, set up 
again; to turn off (a crank), shut off; 
— oSpaTHO, to give back; — orro- 
Bopi, to send an answer b4ck, answer 
back; — cTOKa naaaAi** to send goods 
back, refuse; — ch BciUHTt, to recover 
one's effects; — ce vpr lo turn back, 
return, come back, come back again; to 
be turned back, returned, given back; 
to be turned away, refused; — ce ott. 
nx.Tb, to come back from a journey; 
—He B turning back; returning, giving 
or bringing back; coming back or a- 
gain; return (from a journey); refusal 
(of goods, etc); ntma uaAexcAa aa — 
He, there is no hope of coming back 
again. 

Bpisa / noise, murmur, bustle; racket; 
mo e rasH — , what is all this noise 
about? He BAHrafire — , don't raise any 
noise, make no noise. 

Bp'baa va vn v roBopsi. 

Bp-bA^ V BpeAa. 

sp-^AeH-b a V BpeAen-b. 

Bp4AeH-b a able, capable; — HOCTb / abi- 
lity, capability, fitness. 

Bp-bAfl V BpeAH> 

Bp^^BaM-b va to cut in, into; to engrave, 
sink; to fit; — ce vpr to cut in, into, 
be cut in, into (wood); to be engrav- 
ed On metal); to cut one's way in, into, 
cut through; — ne n cutting into; engrav- 
ing, sinking; — Ka / cut, notch; groove; 
— san-b ppp fit in, set in; cut (glass). 

BpiKaiMi) V Bp-bmd. 

BptJi-b a boiling (water), scalding hot, 
boiling hot; expert, inured; roll e — b-b 



pp-bMe 



BcenpomeuHe 



Ta3H pa6oTa« he has had an expe- 
rience in this thing. 
BpiMe n time; season; weather; tense 
(gram); ntMaM-b — , I have no time, 
have no leisure; B-b crapo — • in the 
olden times^ in the days of old, In an- 
cient times; np-bKapaxi* xyfiaso — , I 
had a good time; towho na—, in good 
time, just on time; —to e jiouio, the 
weather is bad, disagreeable; a>iKjio- 
BHTO — , rainy weather; — nara c*. 
jiouiH, the times are bad or hard; ro- 
AMHara HMa qerupH — na, there are 
four seasons in the year; bi* reqeHHe 
Ha —TO, in the course oi time; — e 
Be«ie, it is about time, it is high time; 
ceraiuHO — , Present tense (gram); — 
Hue n dim little time, a nice little time. 

BpiMe(He)H-b a temporal (power), tem- 
porary transitory, provisional (govern- 
ment); —HO ad — ly, — rily; for the 
time being; — nocTb / transitoriness. 

BpicKaM-b (-Ha) vn to cry, cry out, 
scream (of babies), bawl; to squeal, 
whine; to screech; — ne n crying, scream- 
ing, shrieking, squealing; — cbK-b m 
cry, scream, shriek, squeal; noise, swash. 

sptcKJiHB-b a shrill (voice); whining 'child), 
shrewish (woman); —bo ad -ly, with 
a.^hrill; — BocTb / shrillness; shrewish- 
ness. 

BptTCH^pb m spindle maker; — ckh a 
spindle-maker's; — ctbo n spindle mak- 
ing. 

eptT^HO n spindle; axle, pivot; — bh- 
ACH-b a spindle-shaped; — u,e n dim 
small spindle. 

sptTHiue m sack; bag; sack (measure); 
sack cloth; oeji-feqeni. B-b — , clothed in 
sack cloth; — nue n dim small sack. 

Bp-feUti V BptCKaiHb. 

BpH V Bpa. 

BpMHBaMb va to hand, hand over, put in 
one's hand; to intrust (money), com- 
mit; to deliver; Hciwy — qHXb hhcmo- 
To, I gave, handed or delivered the let- 
ter to him; — ce vpr to be handed, de- 
livered; to be intrusted; — ne n handing, 
delivering; intrusting; deliverance; — 
qcHT. ppp; — qHTejib m presenter, de- 
liver (of a writ). 

BcaAen-b ppp v BcaxcAaiM-b. 

BcaAHHKb m rider, horseman. 

BcaA^BSM'b v BcawAaM-b. 



Bc4iKAaM-b va to implant, plant in; to 
lodge; to imprint, impress (in the me- 
mory); — ce vpr to be planted, im- 
planted; to iiDpress itself (in one's mind); 
—He n planting in, implanting, impres- 
sing; — AeHb ppp. 
Bce ad all; always, ever; Toaa e — eAHO 
33 Hacb, that is all the same to us; 
Tofl — ce CMte, he is always lauph- 
ing; — c«. eAHaKBH, all are alike or 
the same. 
Bcefijidr-b, — FH a most kind, most good,. 

most gracious. 
Bce6jia}K^H'b a most blessed, mrst happy. 
BceBHAeub m all-seer; — Aemb a all- 
seeing, omniscient. 
BceBHuiHH a supreme (God). 
BceBbSMd^eHb a all-possible fmeans). 
BceB^Aeub m Omniscient; — Aeu^-b, — 
Ayutb a omniscient, all-knowing; — a*- 
HHe n omniscience. 
BcerA^ ad always, ever, in all times; aa 
— , for ever; — uienb a perpetual, ever- 
lasting. 
BceAH^BCH-b a daily; —ho ad daily, ev- 
ery day. 
BceAi>p>KHTe.nb m Almighty; h sceA^p- 

xceit-b. 
Bcesna^ui-b a all-knowing. 
BceHasicTeH-b a well-known, known by 

all, world known. 
Bceji^na / universe, world; —ckh a uni- 
versal, oecumenical (council). 
BceJi^BaM-b va instil, inspire (fear, etc), 
create; — ce vpr to be instilled, in- 
spired; — He n instilling, inspiring; — 
ji^Hi> ppp. 
BceiMHjiocTHB-b fl most gracious. 
BceMHpeH-b a universal, world-wide, world's 

(fair); —ho ad universally. 
BceMorAiub a almighty, omnipotent, all- 
powerful; — mecTBO n omnipotence. 
BcenapdAeHb a people's, public, general. 
BceHenopdqeHb a most innocent, most 

pure. 
BcendmeH-b a all-night (watch); —Ha 

CJiy>K6a/ vespers. 
Bceo64Mam-b a all-comprehensive. 
BcedSuib a common, universal, general; 
— ma HCTopHH, general history; — mo 
rjiaconoAaHHe, universal suffrage; — 
mo BbscraHHe, general insurrection, 
BcenoK<SpeH-b a most humble. 
Bcenpout^HHe n amnesty. 



BCtKOfl 



BcecB^Ti* a most holy. 

BcecaiTCKH a world's, universal, world- 
wide (fanie); — CKO uahoAceHHe, world's 
fair or exposition. 

Bcec^^eirb a all-powerful, omnipotent. 

BcecjikBen-b a most glorious. 

BcexB^;ieH'i> a all-glorious, most laudable. 

Bceutji^GeH-b a all-healing; —ho Jit- 
KapcTBO, universal panacea. 

BceutpHTejiCH'b V Bceuejie6eHi>. 

facen^CHO ad hourly, every hour, 9II the 
time. 

Bce^AeH-b a omnivorous (animal). 

Bcei^ijio ad wholly, entirely; xofl e — 
ap-bAaACHi* Ha paSoTara ch, he has 
given himseli up entirely to his work. 

BCH a pron pi all; v bch<ikh. 

BCHHua a pron pi all, every one {of 
persons). 

BCHqajH-b va to cut in, into (wood, etc), 
to notch; to sink, engrave (on metal); 
•— ce vpr to be cut in. into; to be sunk, 
engraved; —He n cutting in, into; Bct- 
Kbjtb app; BctqeH-b ppp. 

BcnqKH a pron all, all of them; whole, 
entire; — cm ryKa, all are here or are 
present;— Ka acMii ce pa^Bat the whole 
earth is rejoicing; — ko e bt. Ao6i>p-b 
pe^'bt all is in good order; —kg mo 
jiiiUH He e 3iiaTO, all that glitters is 
not gold. 

BCJiaAssaM'b ce v BCAaMCAMi. ce; — A^Hb 
ppp. 

BCJia>KAaM-b va to sweeten; — ce vpr 
to be tasty, palatable; to be relished; to 
please; AOMamnHHT'b mchboti* mh ce 
— ;ia, I am getting fond of domestic 
life; eACHCTO iwy ce — fla, he relishes 
his food; iKHBOT'bT-b MH ce — Aa, life 
appears to me sweeter and sweeter; 
—He n sweetening. 

BCJiymaaM'b ce vpr to listen attentively, 
be attentive, make efforts to hear (a 
conversation); to eavesdrop, play the 
spy; —He n listening; spying. 

BcjitiiCTBHe prep in consequence, con- 
sequently, as a result of, pursuant to; 
— Ha TOBE HHe MoweM-b Aa saKJiio- 
imwh, from that we may infer. 

BCMyKBaMi. va to suck in, up, draw in; 
to absorb, imbibe; — ce vpr to be 
sucked in, into or up, drawn in, into; 
to be absorbed {of moisture), be im- 
bibed; —Hen sucking in or up, drawing 



in; absorbing; — K^TejieHi a absorptive 
suction (tube). 

BCM-bpAnBaMi> ce vn to begin to stink, 
become spoiled or putrid; — A'bAft ce 
pH6a, spoiled fish. 

BcnoM^raM-b va to help in, give one's 
support towards, aid, succour; — <it 
vpr to be helped, aided; to be suc- 
coured; —He n helping, aiding; suc- 
couring. 

BcnbMHHM'b va to remind, bring to one's 
memory, recall; •— re ch» you recall, 
remember. 

Bcp^Ai^ prop amidst, amid, among, in 
the midst of, in the middle; — cpeAa- 
ra, right in the middle; — Houib, in 
the middle of the night; — nac-b, in 
our midst. 

BCT6BflMi> va to piece up; to set in, put 
in, insert; — ce vpr to be pieced up; to 
be set in, interpolated; — ne n piecing; 
inserting, interpolating; -Bern. ppp. 

BcrapHH^ ad in the olden times, in times 
of old 

BCT^nflM-b vn to step in, into, enter; 

— B-b BjiaAtHHe, to take possession 
(of a property); — A;n.>KHOCTb, to en- 
ter upori one's duties, assume office; 
Ha B-bspacTb, to come of age; — 
GpaK-b, to be married; —He n stepping 
in, into, entering, assuming (olfice);. en- 
trance; introduction; accession; — niiTe- 
jieu-b a introductive, inaugural (speech), 
of inauguration. 

Bcye ad in vain; ne BseMaflre HMero 
BoxcHe Ha — , do not take the name 
of God in vain. 

BcyKBaiH-b (-*ia) ira to spin in, into, in- 
twist, inter-twist. 

BciaaMi. va to sow in (discord,; to in- 
spire (fear ; — ce vpr to be sowed; to 
be inspired; — ne n sowing in, inspir- 
ing; — en-b, — XT. ppp. 

Bc^KaKi., — qecKH ad in any manner, in 
any way, in every way; hhc ce ohh- 
TaxMe — Aa ro pa3y6tAHM'b; we 
did all we could to dissuade him. 

BctKaK-bB-b a of every kind, of all sorts 
or kinds. 

BctKoff a pron everyone, anyone, every- 
body, every, each; — rjieAa aa ce6e 
CH» everybody looks out for himself; 

— KoitTOt whosoever, he that; roil 
o6Hqa — KHro, he likes everybody; 



BC-feK-bA^ 



BT-bKasaM-b 



Bor-b ABBa — KHMy cnopeAi* chjihtI;, 

God gives everyone according to his 
strength; — Kottro 6h ce onHxajib, 
anyone who would try; h BctKH. 

BCtKb^rb app V BCHMaMb. 

sc'BKAiLA'b cid everywhere, in every place; 
all over, throughout; n«.TbT-b e — pa- 
BCHb, the road is level throughout or 
even everywhere; — K;K.AtTO, wher- 
ever. 

BcbqeHb ppp V BCHqaMb. 

BT^KaiNb V BTOIBBMb. 

BTaffno ad in secret, secretly; alone, 
in private. 

BT^CBaiM-b va to finish, get ready, get 
through; vn to get through; to be ripe 
{of fruit), be raised {of doughy, to be 
done, to be all played out; —He n fin 
ishing, getting ready or through; — 
— c4jib ppp; a ready; ripe; all right; 
don€ for, 

BT^KBaM-b (-Ha) va to push, stick, drive 
in, into; to tuck in, up {of bed clothes); 
to insert; — ce vpr to be stuck or 
shoved in,' into; — ne n sticking, shov- 
ing in, into; — nar-b ppp. 

BTHA^BBMb ce vpr io feign ignorance, look 
stupid; —He n feigning ignorance, look- 
ing stupid; — ji^Hb a ppp dazed, stu- 
pid, stunned. 

BTiiqaM-b ce vpr to flow in, into; empty, 
discharge itself {of a river); to fall in; 
—He n flowing; emptying, discharging 
into. 

BTnan^BaM'b va to impress, fix, imprint 
(in one's mind); — ce vpr to impress, 
Imprint, fix itself; to be impressed. 
Imprinted; — hh/io My ce e sb yiwa, 
he has got an idea; — ne n impressing, 
fixing, imprinting; — ni^Hb ppp; a lixed 
(idea>, settled (notion;. 

BTOpaw^BaMb va to open (one's eyes 
wide), fix (one's eyes upon a person); 
— ce vpr to open one's eyes, stare 
at, gaze at; — ne n staring, gazing at; 
— H6Hb a staring, fixed (look); — qe- 
HOCTb / staring look, stare. 

BT6pH num a second; 3a — n;K.Tb, for 
the second time; AaejiKcaH/lbp-h — , 
Alexander the Second (II;; KynysaMb 
He —pa p;K.Ka, to buy second-hand. 

BTdpuHK-b m Tuesday; — qenb a Tues- 
day (morning). 

BT6po ad secondly, in the second place; 
second; na — M-fecrOi in the second place. 



BTopo6piqeHb a deuterogamist, of a 
second marriage; — HHKb m deuteroga- 
mist; — qne n deuterogamy. 

BToporoAHiueHb a second year^ In his 
second year. 

BTopo3aK6HHe n Deuteronomy (Bible). 

BTopoKji^ccHb a second class, in the 
second class; —HHKb m a pupil of the 
second class or form. 

BTopecT^neHb a secondary (importance); 
second rate, inferior; — HocTb / secon- 
dariness. 

BTopb a second; v btoph. 

BTdpii vn to marry a second time; to 
give birth to a second child; — pene n 
repeating. 

BTdqaaMb (-qa) va to wind, spin In, 
into, twine in (a ball); — ce vpr to be 
wound, spun, twined (into a ball); — 
He n twining, spinning; — qem* ppp. 

BTp^nqsaiMb (-qa) va to trap In; — ce 
to be trapped, get trapped; —He n trap- 
ping; — qcHb ppp. 

BTpenq^BaMb va to fix one's eyes upon, 
stare, gaze; — ce vpr to stare at, look 
Jixedly; — nen fixing one's eyes upon; to 
stare; — q^H-b a staring, fixed (look); — 
qeno ad staringly, with a stare; fix- 
edly. 

BTp^csa, BTpuca imp v to have the 
fever, be in a fever, be feverish; — Me, 
I am having the fever, feel feverish; I 
am having the chills; — He n fever, fe- 
ver attack. 

BTpHBaMb va to rub in, into, work la 
into; to saw in, into, cut in, into (wood); 
— ce vpr to be rubbed in. into; to be 
sawed or cut into; —He n rubbing in, 
into; sawing in, into; — enb, — Tb ppp. 

BTp-Lcsa ce imp v to sicken, be sick of, 
have the nausea; — mh ce orb nero, 
he gives me the nausea; — ne n nau- 
sea; disgust. 

BTp-bmaMb v BTopaq^BaMb h sa^HsaMb. 

BTyp(Hy)BaMb ce vpr to throw oneself, 
leap, spring, rush, dash towards; to 
stumble upon, fall upon; to grope; — ce 
;ia6'feraMb, to rush forward, takejto one's 
heels; — naxa ce cpeiuy nenpHMTeJiH* 
they rushed against the enemy; — ne n 
rushing, dashing into; stumbling. 

BTbK^BaMb va to weave in, into, inter- 
weave; — ce vpr to be woven into, 
interwoven; — ne n weaving in, into; 
— Hb ppp. 



45 



B-bBOHMSaM'b 



BTiKaM-b V BTHKBaM-b. 

BTinKBaM-b (-na) va to beat in, into, 
tread or trample on; — ce vpr to be 
treaded, trampled, beaten in; —He n 
treading in; beating in. 

■yflKO» — «io, — Ka m uncle (on the moth- 
er's side); —Ha / aunt; — HH4Ka / 
dim dear little aunt; -we n dim dear 
little uncle; — hobt. a aunt's; — iobi 
a uncle's, of uncle. 

Byaa / marriage licence. 

ByjirHH / bag, pouch. 

ByjiHHa /, — Ka / dim wafer. 

BXOA'b m entrance, passage, entry; ad- 
mission; HiiMa — OTi. rasH crpaHa, 
there is no entrance on this side; — 
eAHHi) jieB-b, admission one franc (to 
the theater); — acht, a entrance (door), 
admission (ticket), of admission; — na 
KHHra, book of entry. 

Bx62KAaM-b V BjiH^aM-b; — Acmi. pres p; 
a entering (book), of entry. 

ButJiHBaM-b ce vpr to grow over with 
grass, be turned into a meadow. 

BuinBasfb va to split, make a split, cut 
in; to fix (one's eyes on, upon a per- 
son), stare at; — ce vpr to be cut in, 
split; — nem. ppp. 

BuineHHBaiM'b va to stun, benumb; — ce 
vpr to grow numb, become torpid, be 
stunned, benumbed; — ne n stunning, 
benumbing; numbness, torpor; — h^ht. 
ppp stunned, numb, benumbed; torpid. 

Bqe;iOB%q4BaM'b (-qa) va to make a de- 
cent man of; to educate, civilise, hu- 
manise; — ce vpr to become a decent 
man; — ne n making or becoming a 
man; — q6HT> ppp. 

Bq^HKBaM-b va to catch, pick up, seize, 
grasp; — ce vpr to catch, pick up, 
seize, hook on, cling to; — He n catch- 
ing, picking up, seizing; clinging, hook- 
ing on; — KUHT. ppp. 

BM^pa ad yesterday; — sapanb, yester- 
day morning; ott. — , from yesterday, 
siftce yesterday; — uien-b a yesterday's, 
of yesterday; bt. — hoto cbCpanHei in 
yesterday's meeting. 

BqucjiflBasfb va to number, count in, in- 
clude; — ce vpr to be numbered, 
counted in, included; — ne n number- 
ing, counting in; — jieni. ppp. 

BqoB'bqiiBaM'b v BqejioBtqaBaM'b. 

aqyABaM-b ce vpr to stare, wonder, look 
attentively. 



BuiHBaM'b va to sew in, on or together; 
to stitch in, into; — ce vpr to be sew- 
ed in, into, together; to be stitched; 
—He n sewing in, into; stitching; — 
CHT., — TT. ppp; — Ka / piece sewed 
in; tacing; lace. 

Bi> prep in, into; at, to; within; jkhb^s 
— H3o6H;iHe, to live in plenty; bjih-> 
aaiw-b — qepKBara, to enter into the 
church; — kt,co Bptiwe, in a short 
time, shortly; OTHBa — napH>K'bi he 
goes to Paris; — neT'bK'by on Friday; — 
BctKojl cjiyqafl, at all events; — nerb 
Aena aptMe, within five days 

B-bB^iKAaM-b (-A^) va to lead in, into, 
take into, show in, usher in; to intro- 
duce; to install (in oftice); — bt, aa- 
jiara, to lead (one) into the hall; — sa- 
6jiy>KAeHHet to lead into error, put on; 
the wrong track (pop); h ne — ah nacT*. 
B-b H3KyuieHHei and lead us not into 
temptation; — pe(}>opMH, to introduce 
reforms; — bt> BjiaAtHwe, to put (one) in* 
possession of, give over (property); — B-b. 
Hsn-bJiHeHHe, to enforce [a law); — ce 
vpr to be lead in, into, to; to be usher- 
ed in; to be introduced; to get into use;, 
—He n leading in, into; ushering io^ 
into; introducing; introduction (ot re- 
forms); — A^HHe n preface, introduc- 
tion (of a book); presentation; Presen- 
tation (of the Blessed Virgin); — Aen-b^ 
ppp; — Beji-b app. 

B-bBHpaM-b va to stick in, into, shove in, 
into; — B-b pAi.Ka, to thrust into one's 
hand; — ce vpr to shove in, into, squeeze 
oneself into, elbow one's way into (a 
crowd); to meddle, interfere with, stick 
one's nose into other people's business; 
—He n sticking in, into, shoving in, 
into, squeezing into; -pent ppp. 

B-bBJieK^ sabj V s-bBJinqaMb. 

B-bBjiMqaM-b va to drag in, into, draw 
in, into, get in, into; — bt. 6-feAa, to 
drag into misfortune; — ce vpr to be 
dragged in, into; to drag oneself in, 
into; —He n dragging in, into, getting 
in, into; involving; — Bji-feqem* ppp. 

B-bBdxcAaM-b V B-bBe^AaMT.. 

B-bBOH^BaM-b (-HH) vu to give a bad 
smell, cause to stink; —ce vpr to begin 
to stink, smell bad, become putrid, get 
spoiled (of fish); —He n stinking; be- 
coming putrid; — aa ce pH6a, stinking 
fish. 



B'bBpeji'b 



Bi>3ftpi>iiiaM'b 



irbBft^jiii app\ •opcH'b ppp\ V B-bBHpaM'b. 
B-bBpime e^d during, while; — Ha sa- 

KycKa, during breakfast time, while 

having (one's Ipireakfast. 

B-bSpa SUbJ V B^BHpSM'b. 

BT>BT, prep into, Iq;, v bt>. 

B-bsiKH ad forever, eternally; — h — , 

forever and ever 
B-i^a vaio breed, rear, raise, grow, keep; 

— nTHUHt to rear, breed fowls; — 
pacreHHa, to grow, cultivate plants; 

— B-buiKH, to breed lice, get lousy; — 
ce vpr to be reared, raised, bred; to be 
grown, cultivated; —Hen rearing, breed- 
ing; growing; cultivation; -"A'tm.'bpresp. 

B-b>KAeji6HHe n wish, desire; lust. 

B'b36paHdBaMi> (-Hfl) va to forbid, pro- 
hibit, interdict; to hinder, restrain, pre- 
vent; —He n forbidding, prohibiting, in- 
terdicting; — na/, — HdHHC n interdic- 
tion, forbiddance; hindrance, restraint; 
— H^H-b ppp; — HHTCJib m interdicter, 
forbidder, prohibitor; — HilrcjieHb a pro- 
hibitive, restrictive; preventative. 

Bi>36yAHTeAb m exciter, inspirer, inciter; 
abettor; — Jiem. a exciting, stimulat- 
ing; sensational; provoking; —ho ad — 
ly; — HOCTb / excitability, incitability; 
provocativeness. 

sbsSyxcAaM-b (-««) va to excite, rouse, 
kindle (a passion); to stimulate; to pro- 
voke; to inspire; — c-bpeBHOBaHH6« to 
encourage, enkindle, awaken a spirit of 
rivalry; — ancTHT-bi to excite, stimu- 
late appetite; — HHrepecTb, to rouse 
interest; HCAliftTe Me — Aa, don't rouse, 
excite me; do not provoke me; — ce 
vpr to be excited, roused; to be pro- 
voked; to get excited, feel excited; to 
excite oneself; raft ce JiecHO — ;ta, he 
^ets easily excited; —He n exciting, 
rousing, inciting, awakening; stimulat- 
ing, provoking; excitation; — A^nne n 
excitation; excitement; stimulation; pro- 
vocation; — ACH-b ppp; —AH Jib app. 

rB-b36yHT3^BaM'b va. rouse, stir up, rouse 
to mutiny, cause to rebel; — ce vpr to 
get roused, rise in mutiny, rebel; — ne 
n rousing, stirring up; rising in mutiny; 
revolt; — ht. ppp. 

.B-b3B<kpaM-b va to boil up (repeatedly); 
to rel)oil; to brew (beer); — ce vpr to 
boil up, get boiled up; to be brewed; 
to effervesce; — ne n boiling; brewing; 



effervescence; — p6H-b ppp-, -^pAxi app. 
B-bSB^HCAaM-b va to lead up; to elevate; 

— ce vpr to be lead up; — ae n lead' 
ing up; — ACHT. ppp; — jn> app. 

Bi>3BejiR<i6B9M'b va to magnify, praise^ 
extol, raise; — ce vpr to be magni* 
fied, exalted; to exalt, extol, magnify 
oneself; —He n magnifying, glorifying 
(the name of God>, extolling; exaltation, 
praise, glorification; — h^hi. ppp; — 
HHjn. app. 

B-bSBec^jiHM-b v pa3BecejiHBaM>. 

B'bSBHBaM'b va to turn round (a corner); 

— ce vpr to turn round, to be turned 
round; —He n turning round; — cht,, 
— T-b ppp; — jii. app. 

B-b3BHpaM'b vn to get aboiling> boil up; 
to effervesce; — ne n boiling up; effer- 
vescing; effervescence; — ptjib ppp. 

B-bSBHC^BaM-by — OI^BSM'b VO tO lift, lift 

up, raise up; to magnify, extol, exalt, 
praise; — ce vpr to be lifted, raised 
up; to be magnified, extolled; to lift 
oneself up; to magnify, extoll oneself; 
—He n lifting up; magnifying, extolling, 
praising; — c^H-b, — lu^H-b ppp; — CHji-b, 
— niHjTb app. 

BitSBHui^H-b a elevated, lofty; dignified, 
noble; — nne n exaltation; elevation, 
eminence, height;— HO ad loftily, in a- 
dignified manner; — Hocxb / elevation, 
eminence. 

B-bSBp^T-b m return, reversion. 

B-bSBpdreH-b a returning; reflexive (pro- 
nouns or verbs, gram); recurrent (fever). 

B-bSBpaTMM'b a revertible; retrievable; — 
MOCTb / — bility, — ness. 

B'b3BpduiaM'b V B1>3BpbU(aMl>. 

B'b3Bp'bmaMb (-B'bpna) va to return, 
give back, hand back, bring or carry 
back; to restore, recover, to place back, 
reinstate; to recall; to retrieve; — jiio- 
6oBbTa CH, to win bick one's affection 
or love; — bt. HCHBor-bt to restore to 
life again; — ch HMOra, to get back, 
restore one's property; — na nbpBOTO 
MtcTO, to reinstate, set up, return 
to one's former position; — ce vpr 
to return, come back, get back; to 
come again, recur; to be returned, giv- 
en back, brought or carried back; to 
be reinstated; to be restored; — ne n 
returning, giving or bringing back; re- 
stitution; restoration; recovery; reversion; 
— BbpnaJib app; — Bbpnarb ppp. 



B-bsrjiaBHe 



47 



B'b3A'bXBaM% 



•qASB-bpna v B-baep-bmaMT.; — HaTT> ppp. 

«U3B-bcTHBaM'b, — lu^BaM-b va to an- 
nounce; — ce vpr to be announced; — 
He n announcing; — THxejib m an- 
nouncer, messenger; — ui^hhc n an- 
nouncement. 

Bi>3rjidBHe n head of bed, bolster, pillow; 
— HHua / pillow, cushion; —HHqKa / 
dim small pillow, fancy pillow; pad. 

Bi>3ro;i-kMflBaM'b (-mm) va to puff up, 
spoil by flattery; — ce vpr to be puffed 
up, put on airs, look big, puff up; 
—He n making or becoming proud, 
puffing up; — Mnq-bKi. a dim rather big, 
a little too big; — M-feji-b ce a puffed 
up, proud. 

B-b3r6;iiiMi> va to lay bare, pull up (one's 
dress\ expose (one's body). 

B-bsr^iacfiM-b, — c^BaiM-b va to proclaim, 
sound, pronounce (in a loud voice); — 
ce vpr to be proclaimed, sounded; — 
He n proclaiming, sounding. 

8i>3r6HiiM'b va to drive up; to start (in 
chasing); —He n driving up; starting; 
— HeHT. ppp. 

B'b3A^BaM-b va to render, give; to reward, 
recompense; to requite; — 6jiaroAape- 
HHS, to praise (God), return thanks to 
(God); rocnoAb Aa Bh — Ae aa Toaa, 
God reward you for this! — 3flo 3a 
3J10, to return evil for evil; — ce vpr 
to be rendered, given, returned; to be 
recompensed; — hc n rendering, return- 
ing, giving; recompensing; —neH-bppp; 
— HHHe n reward, recompense; requit- 
al; — HTejib m rewarder, remunerator; 
requiter. 

Bi>3AHraM-b (-Ha) va to lift up, raise, set 
up; to erect, build; to magnify, extol; 
to elevate; — naMeTHHKb, to set up, 
build, erect a monument; — H-bKoro 
AC He6eca, to praise, extol (one) to 
the skies; — ce vpr to raise oneself up, 
be raised up, lifted up; to rise, rise up; 
to praise, extol oneself; to boast; to be 
erected, built; to3h uoB'bK'b ce 6'bp>Ke 
— Ha, that man rose up in the world 
in a short time; — hc n lifting up, rais- 
ing; erecting; elevating; praising, ex- 
tolling; rising; erection; exaltation; — 
Hafl-b app; —Han, ppp. 

BbSAHuiaM'b va to breathe deep, sigh, 
give out a sigh; to long after, yearn 
for; 3auio —re, what do you sigh for? 
— Ka n sigh, heave; — ne n sighing 



B-b3AyxoMip-b m aerometer; — pHe n 
aerometry. 

B-bSAyxoHarp-BB&TeAeH-b a air-heating. 

B'b3AyxoH6ceH'b a aeriferous. 

B'b3Ayxoo6pd3eH'bi — BHAen-b a aeri- 
form. 

B-b3AyxonaaB^Te;ib m aeronaut; — jien-b 
a aeronautic, aerostatic, air-flying (ma- 
chine^; — Bane n air-flying, aerosta- 
tion; aeronautics (science of). 

B-bSAyxonpoBdAeH-b a air- conducting 
(tube); — Ha Tp;R.6a, air-tube, 

B'b3AyxoqHCTHTejieH'b a air-purifying. 

B'b3Ayx-bm air; atmosphere; ether; Dreeze; 
pall (of the chalice); na qncTb — , 
in the open air, out of doors; ropt bt, 
— xa, up in the air; He6eceH-b — , 
heavenly ether; A*ttcTBHeTO na — i the 
action of the atmosphere; jiomi* — » 
bad air; bad atmosphere; roBopH na 
— , to talk through one's hat; BseinaMb — , 
to breath in, inhale; to take the air (out 
of doors); rpaAH KyjiH bt. — xa, to 
biiild castles in the air. 

B-b3AyuieH'b a aerial,- airy, pneumatic, 
— al, air, of air; — Kopa6-b, air-ship; —ho 
najitrane a atmospheric pressure; — 
na MauiHHa, pneumatic engine; —ho 
nBjieuHe, atmospheric phenomenon; — 
hh nojiera, aerial fields; — nanyuiKa, 
air gun. 

B-b3Ai>Jir'b, — rnq-bKb a dim rather long, 
a little too long; oblong, elongated. 

B-b3Ai>P>KaM-b va to hold back, restrain, 
check; to prevent, hinder; — Are ch 
esHKa, ho'd your tongue (in check); — 
ce vpr to restrain, bridle, check, con- 
tain oneself; to be restrained, checked; 
to abstain, forbear; He Mora Aa ce — 
Aa He HHH, I can't help drinking; — 
Are ce ao Karo ere MJiaAH« be ab- 
stinent while still young; xoit HHKora 
He MOJKe Aa ce — iKa Bb rntBa ch, 
he can never contain himself when an- 
gered; he can never bridle his anger; 
—He n restraining, checking (one's 
tongue); abstaining, lorbearing (from an- 
ger); abitinence, temperance; — JKiHHC 
n abstinence, temperance, continence; 
moderation; — Hb ppp. 

B'bSA'bp^KaH'b a temperate, moderate, ab- 
stinent; sober; —ho ad —ly; — Hocxb/ 
moderateness, soberness, sobriety; v 

B'b3A1>P>KaHHe. 

B-b3A'bXBaM-b (-Ha) vn to sigh, give out 



B-baxcejiT'b 



48 



BitaHarpaxcAasaM-b 



a sigh, heave; to breathe, take a breath, 
rest a minute; — hc n sighing, giving 
out a sigh, heaving. 

B-bsJK^JiT-b a yellowish, rather yellow, 
somewhat yellow. 

B-bssBdHHc n call, appeal; summons; invo- 
cation; proclamation. 

B-&33HB'b m appeal (j'urj; — sea-b a ap- 
pellative, oi appeal. 

B-bsp-BHHe n view, conception, opinion. 

Bi>3KiqBaMi> va to raise up, talie up to, 
set up (on a throne;; — ce vpr to climb 
up (a mountain), ascend (a throne); to 
scale (a wall); —ue n climbing up, as- 
cending; ascent; — qeu-b ppp; — quji-b 
app. 

B-bSKHceJi-b a sourish, a little sour. 

B'bSKdcayBaM-b vn to taste sourish; —He 
n tasting or turning sourish; — eaji-b 
ppp tasting sourish; soured. 

B-bSKjiHii^BaiM-b vn to exult, rejoice, 
shout, cry for joy; —He n exulting, re- 
joicing; exultation, joy; — hhci n joy, 
exultation, rejoicing. 

B-bSKJiHudrejieH-b a exulting; joyous, of 
joy, of exclamation, exclamatory; — 
3HSiKh, exclamatory point, exclamation 
point; — BHKose, shouts of rejoicing. 

Bi>3Kp6c(Hy)BaM'b (-Ha) vn to rise from 
the dead, be resuscitated; to be stiff 
with cold; (fig); — ne n rising up, resus- 
citation; resurrection; — naji-b ppp. 

B-bSKpec^BaM-b va to raise up Irom the 
dead, resuscitate; XpHCTOCb — ce, Christ 
is risen! — hc n raising up from the 
dead, resuscitating; — c^HHe n resur- 
rection (of Christ); Easter; — cHJib app; 
— CHTejib m resuscitator, deliverer from 
the dead; Saviour. 

BbSKpioflMb va to fasten on, upon, fix 
on, upon; to give a little support, prop 
up a little. 

BbSK-bCb, — CHqbKb a rather short, a 
little too short. 

BbsjidraMb vaio lay on, upon, put upon; 
to entrust; to bestow; to charge; to 
confer; — rojitMH HaAe)KAH, to lay 
upon (put in) great hope, have a great 
hope in; — mhchsi, to entrust, charge 
with a mission; — p^ut, to impose, 
lay hands, consecrate (a bishop, etc); 
— ce vpr to be laid on, upon, put on 
upon; to be entrusted, charged (with a 
mission); to be imposed, conferred; — 



He n laying on, upon; entrusting, charg- 
ing; conferring; — jidwen-b ppp; — jio* 
HCHji-h app. 

B-b3jid3tiMb vn to ascend, climb up (a 
mouaiain), go up; — ne n ascending, 
climbing up; ascent, rise; — ;it3bj|-b ppp. 

Bi,3neT'b m flying up, ascent, rise. 

B'b3jieTABaMb vn to fly up, soar up; — 
He n flying up, soaring up; rise {of a 
balloon); — T-fejib ppp. 

BlSAHCflMb V B-b3;iio6BaMb. 

B-bSjiHsaMb V Bb3;ia3nM'b. 
B'b3ji6}Ka V BbSjiaraMb; — Hceni* ppp\. 
— JKHjib app. 

Bb3Jl1i3BaMb V B-I>3JIH3aMb. 

B-b3JiK56BaMi> va to become fond of, take 
a liking to, become attached to; to fall 
in love with; Borb tojikobb — 6h cb*- 
ra, God so loved the world; — ne n 
becoming fond of or attached to; lov- 
ing; attachment; — Cen-b ppp; — Jiem. 
a oeloved, dear; . m lover. 

BbSM^sAHe n recompense, reward, requi- 
tal, retaliation. 

B-bSMbxceHb a possible; able; rich; cb 
BCHqKH — HH cpeACTBa, with all means 
possible; toH e — na tobb, he is 
apt to do this; —ho ad possibly, per- 
haps; TOBa e —HO, that is possible, 
feasible or practicable; — ho jih e, is it 
possible, can it be possible? — HOCTb / 
possibility, feasibility, practicability; nt- 
MaM-b —HOCTb aa AoflAB, I can't pos- 
sibly come; no — hocth no-CKopo, as 
soon as possible. 

BbSMyTHTeJieH-b a revolting, shocking, 
disgusting; —ho ad — ly, in a shock- 
ing manner; Toaa e —ho, it is shock- 
ing, is disgusting; — HOCTb / disgust- 
fulness. 

BbSMyui^BaiMb va to disgust, shock, per- 
turb; Tosa — aa BCHHua hh, that shocks 
us all; Tofl He ce — aa orb hhu(o, he 
is not shocked at anything; — ce vpr 
to rebel against, be shocked, disgusted; 
to be indignant with; asb ce — orb 
ce6e ch, I am disgusted with myself; 
-"en disgusting, shocking; — ut^HHe n 
disgust, indignation; 3a name — meHae, 
to our disgust or indignation. 

BbSHarpawMsaMb (-ah) va to reward, 
remunerate, recompense; to compensate; 
to make up; to indemnify; — aa xpa6- 
pocTb, to reward for an act of bravery; 
— sa pa6oTa, to remunerate, pay for 



B'bsnojiaysaM'k 



work done; roil TptCaa ja 6iR.Ae — 
ACH-b 3a 3ary6aTa na ep-feMe, he 

should be compensated for time lost; rasH 
pa6oTa He — ea, that business doesn't 
pay; — ' ce vpr to be rewarded, remu- 
nerated, recompensed, compensated; to 
be indemnified; to reward oneself; toH 
He ce —Ba Ao6pt, he is not well re- 
munerated, is not paid well; — ne n re- 
warding, recompensing, remunerating, 
compensating; —He, a^hmc n reward, 
recompense, remuneration; compensa- 
tion, indemnity; — A^Hb ppp; — mm> 
app; — AHTBJieH'b a remunerative, pay- 
ing, productive (labour). 

^3HaK-b ad upon one's back, backward; 
jiCMceiu-b — , lying supine or on one's 
back. 

B-bSHaM-fepHBaiM-b va to intend, plan, get 
an intention, conceive a design; — Aa 
saMHHa 3a napH>Ki>, I plan to start 
for Paris; KaKso —re fla npasHre, 
what do you intend to do? —He n 
intention, plan, design. 

B'b3HacflM-b va to raise, raise up, lift up; 
carry up (into the clouds); to praise, 
exalt, extol, laud (a person,; to offer up 
(a prayer); — ce vpr to be praised, 
extolled; to praise, extol, exalt oneself; 
to mount, rise, ascend; — ce ro hc- 
6eca, to praise oneself up to the skies; 
—He n raising up, carrying up, lifting 
up; offering up (a prayer); exalting, 
praising; elevation; exaltation, praise; 
— c^hhc n Ascension (of Christ); — h6- 
ccht. ppp; —H^CbJi-h app. 

B-b3HeroAyBaM-b vn to be dissatisfied 
with, be indignant, murmur against; — 
n indignation, dissatisfaction. 

Bi>3HeHaBH)K;(!aM'b va to hate, detest 
loathe, feel hatred for. 

B'bSHMKsaM'b (-na) vn to arise, spring 
up, break out, start up; HCAopasyiwe- 
HHC —Ha Me>KAy nact, a misunder- 
standing arose between us; —He n rising 
up, arising, springing up; — najit ppp. 

B1>3HHCaM-b V B-b3HaCHMl>. 
BlSHdCHM-b V B-bSHaCHM-b. 

Bi>3o6HOBHTejib OT renovator, renewer; 
restorer; reviver: reformer; — Jiem. a 
renovating, renewing, restoring; resto- 
ration (period), of restoration; —ho 
cpcACTBO, restorative. 

B'b3o6HOBflBaM-b vo to reuovatc, re- 
new, restore; — crapHTt OTHOuieHHH, 



to recommence the old relations; — - 
aSoHaMCHT-b, to renew a subscription; 

— KvKUta, to renovate a house; — cra- 
pHHH, to restore ruins; — softHa, to re- 
commence a war, renew hostilities; — 
ce vpr to be renovated, renewed, restored; 
—He n renovating, renewing, restor- 
ing; — B^HHC n renewing, renewal; 
renovation; restoration; revival; — b^ht. 
ppp; — BHji-b app. 

B'bsnajiHM'b a inflammable, combustible, 
ignitible, — MOCTb / combustibility, in- 
flammability; — TCjiCHT. a inflammatory, 
inflaming. 

B-bsndjiaiH-b va to inflame; to enkindle, 
fire up; — ce vpr to be, get or become 
inflamed {of blood, etc); to be enkindled, 
fired up; — hc n inflaming; — ji^hhc n 
inflammation (of the blood); — jicht. ppp. 

B-b3nMpaM-b va to stop, detain, hold back, 
keep back; to hinder, prevent, restrain; 
He Atflre me —pa, don't hinder me; 
don't detain me; — ce vpr to be held 
back, checked, stopped; to be prevent- 
ed, restrained; to check, restrain oneself; 
—He n stopping, detaining, checking, 
hindering; check, restrainment, hinder- 
ance; — nptnii ppp. 

B-bSHHT^BaM-b va to bring up, educate; 

— ce, vpr to be brought up, educated, 
bred; — ne n bringing up, educating; 
— HHe n education, bringing up, breed- 
ing; MCJIOB-feKT. Cb A06pO —HHe, fl 

person of good breeding; KoatKb 6631. 
— HHe, a person of no breeding; — 
HHe na A'^uara, the education of child- 
ren; — HHTaHMK-b m pupil (of a school, 
etc), graduate or alumnus (of a university), 
— HHTaHT. ppp; a educated, of good 
breeding, well brought up. 

B-bSHHT^Tejib m educator, bringer up; 
tutor, pedagogue; — Ka / (woman) edu- 
cator; tutoress; governess; — Jiem. a 
educational, of education; pedagogical. 

B-banjiaiMeHnBaiMi, va to inflame, en- 
kindle, fire up, set a blaze; to incense, 
stir up; — ce vpr to be inflamed, get 
or become inflamed; to catch fire, blaze 
up; —He n inflaming, enkindling, set- 
ting fire to; — H^H-b ppp. 

B'b3njiaMeHHeM-b a inflammable, combus- 
tible; — MocT-b / — ness, inflammability, 
combustibility. 

B-b3n6ji3yBaM'b va to give (one) an op- 
portunity, give (one) a chance; — ce 
4 



BbsnoMHHaBaM-b 



50 



B-bSpaCTb 



vpr to profit, avail oneself (of an op- 
portunity); —He n availing, making use 
of, taking advantage of; — ht. ppp\ — 
H-b OTT. cjiyiaa, availing oneself of the 
opportunity, taking advantage of the 
opportunity. 

Bi>3noMHHdBaMi> va to commemorate; 
to celebrate; to remember, think of; to 
recollect, bring to one's mind; — ce 
vpr io be commemorated; to be brought 
to mind, recollected, remembered; — 
He n commemorating, remembering, re- 
collecting; — HHe n remembrance, com- 
memoration; — TeJiem* a commemo- 
rative, commemoration (ceremonies), 
commemorating; — ndxejii. m comme- 
morator, celebrator; recollector. 

B-bsnpdBflM-b va to raise up, make to 
stand, rest, turn up, prop up, put up; 
— ce vpr rise, stand up, stand erect; 
to be raised up, put straight up; — ce 
Ha saAHHT-fe KpaKa, to get on one's 
hind feet {of a bear, etc); —Hen raising 
up, putting up straight; standing up, 
rising, standing erect; erection; — seH-b 
ppp; — BHjn> app. 

B-bsnpH^MaM-b va to receive, take in; to 
learn easily; — or-b Kynejia, to receive, 
stand the god-father or god-mother 
(at the baptismal font); Tofl fi-bpjKe — 
Ma HOBH HACH, he quickly adopts new 
ideas; — ce vpr to be received, taken 
in, adopted; —jit. app; — tt. ppp; a 
established, recognised, in use. 

B-banpneMmiB-b a impressionable; — BOCTb 
/ impressibility, receptivity. 

B-banpoMSB^jKAaM-b, — BOJKAaM-b (-BeAfl) 
va to reproduce; — ce vpr to be re- 
produced; — He n reproducing; repro- 
duction; — Aen-b ppp; — b^jit. app; — 
AHMii a reproducible; — AHTCJien-b a 
reproductive; — AHxejiHOCTb n repro- 
ductibility, reproductiveness. 

B-bsnpoTHBHBaM-b ce vpr to oppose, re- 
sist, object, be against, rise against; ne 
Atttre ce — Bai don't resist or show any 
resistance; a3T> My ce — bhxt., I ob- 
jected to him, stood in his way; — ne 
n opposing, resisting; objecting; — ne, 
— ji^HHe n resistance, opposition; ob- 
jection; Tt He ce — BHjiH Ha roaa, they 
showed no opposition in this; they did 
not object to this. 

B'b3nptT(HyB)aM-b va to turn up, tuck 
up (one's sleeves); to turn down (the 



page); — ne n tucking in or up; — 
Har-b ppp; ct. — th p;R.KaBH, with 
sleeves tucked up. 

B-bsnpliui^BaM-b va to prohibit, forbid, 
interdict; — ne n prohibiting, forbidding; 
—He, — m^HHe n prohibition, interdic- 
tion; — THTeJieHT. a prohibitive, prohibi- 
tory. 

B-bsntBaM-b to sing of; to praise, extol, 
glorify, celebrate in song; — hoabhsh- 
T* na eAHHii repofl, to sing of the 
exploits of a hero; — Bora, to praise 
the Lord; — ao neSeca, to extol to the 
skies; — ce vpr to be sung of, praised, 
extolled; gHTKara npn UlnnKa ce — 
sa OT-b BasoB-b, the battle of Shipka 
is sung of by Vazoff; — ne n singing 
of, praising or celebrating in song or 
poetry; extolling; glorifying; glorifica- 
tion; — Ji-b app; — eH-b, — tt. ppp; — 
Bdrejien-b a praise, of praise; — B^reJib 
m singer, praiser. 

B-bsp^ABaM-b va to gladden, delight, re- 
joice, give joy; raan HOBHHa Me — sa, 
that news gave me joy, filled me with joy, 
delighted me; — ce vpr to be glad, re- 
joice, be filled with joy, be delighted; 
Ayuiara mh ce — sa, my soul rejoiced; 
—He n rejoicing; — ht. ppp. 

B-bspaHcdsaMii V B'bspasnBaM'b. 

B'bsp^^KAaM-b va to regenerate; — ce vpr 
to be born again, be regenerated; to re- 
vive; —He n regeneration, revival; re- 
naissance. 

B-bspaiK^HHe n objection; refutation, re- 
partee (in debate); answer (law); 6e3-b 
— , without any objection; not a word! 
aa-b HtMaM-b HHKaKBO — nne npo- 
THB-b TOBa, I have no objection to this 
thing. , 

B'b3paanBaM'b va to object, oppose, an- 
swer back, refute; toH — 3m na ryfi, 
he objected or raised an objection to 
this; He mh — Mre, don't stop or hin- 
der me (in speaking); — ce vpr to be 
objected; ne ixejiasi Aa mh ce — sa, I 
dont wish to be objected to; not a word 
of objection! — ne n objecting; objec- 
tion; — 3HTe;ib m objector, refuter, op- 
poser. 

B-b3pacTb m age; na — , of age, grown 
(person); na KaKaa — e rofl, what is 
his age, of what age is he? roll e na 
— nHTattre nero, he is of age or old 
enough, ask him; — xen-b a of age, old 



B-b3pHB1> 



5f 



B-bjiHapb 



enough, mature, grown up; toH e — 
TCH-b, he is of age, old enough; —ho 
MOMqe, grown up boy; — hhkt. m a 
person of the same age. 

B-bSpHB'b V BSpHB-b. 

BiispoA^Baiwh va v B-bspaMCAaiH-b; — 
A^H-b a born anew, regenerated, re- 
formed; — AHTCJib m regenerator, re- 
storer, reviver. 

B-bspycT. a rather fair, of fair complexion, 
light-haired. 

B-bscHB'b a grayish, rather gray. 

B-bscMHBaM-b vn to shine forth, shine 
bright, be resplendent; —He n shining 
forth. 

B-bscji^HHM-b va to rest on, upon; — ce 
vpr to rest or lean on, upon; to rely on, 
upon. 

BiiSCTdsaM-b (-na) vn to rise, rise in re- 
volt, mutiny or insurrection; to rebel, re- 
volt; — npoTHBT. THpaHHTt, to risc up 
against the tyrants; MaKCAOHUHTt — 
HajiH, the Macedonians have risen up, 
are in revolt; hhc — mc npoTHB-b rasH 
M-fepKa, we are against such a measure; 
— He n rising, rising in revolt, mutiny 
or insurrection; rebelling, revolting; re- 
volt; — HHe n uprising, revolt, rebellion, 
insurrection; — naji-b ppp. 

B-b3CTaHOBHBaM-b va to reinstate, rees- 
tablish, restore, rehabilitate (one's rights); 
— pcAT*. to establish order; — ce vpr 
to be established, reestablished, rein- 
stated (in office), restored (to its former 
position); —He n establishing, reestab- 
lishing, restoring, reinstating; —He, — 
ji^HHe n reestablishment, restoration; 
rehabilitation; — b^ht. ppp. 

BT.3TerdpKa/ propping stick (in packing). 

B'b3T6>K'bK'b a rather heavy, a little too 
heavy. 

B'b3T6pr'b m enthusiasm, ecstasy, rap- 
ture; naAaM-b B-b — , to fall into ecsta- 
sy; — wen-b a enthusiastic, ecstatic, 
rapturous. 

B'b3Tpt6-b m wardrobe (in a village 
house). 

B'b3T'bp»<ecTByBaM'b vn to triumph over; 
—He n triumphing; triumph. 

B-b3XBajiH(Ba)M'b va to praise, glorify, 
extol; to commend; — ce vpr to be 
praised, lauded; to praise oneself; — ne 
n praising, lauding; praise, commenda- 
tion; — Bdjieni. ppp. 

B-bsxHTHTCJiCH'b a delightful, charming. 



rapturous, ravishing; —ho ad — ly, with 
admiration, with delight. 
B-bsxHiu^BaiM-b (-Tsi) va to enrapture, 
elate, enravish, charm, captivate, delight; 

— ce vpr to be delighted, elated (over 
success); to rejoice, delight, admire; — 
ce OT-b BauiHT-fe 6jiaropoAHH hoabh- 
3Hi I admire your noble exploits; — 
ce OT-b TtxHHTt ycn-fexHt I am de- 
lighted in their successess; —He n 
delighting, elating, enrapturing; — ne, 
— m^HHe n ecstasy, rapture, delight, 
admiration; — T^H-b ppp; —that. app. 

B'b3x6>KAaM-b vn to go up, climb up, 
ascend; — hc n ascending; ascent; — 
Aeiu-b a ascending; —xoji-h m ascent. 

B'b3qdKBaM-b va to wait for, look for. 

B'b3qyABaM-b ce vpr to wonder at, be 
awondering. 

B-b3ctAaM-b va to sit on, upon; to mount 
up, get on (a horse); — ce vpr to be 
sat on, upon; —He n sitting on, upon 
(a throne); — najii. na np-fecTO.na, sit- 
ting on the throne; — naji-b na KOHb, 
riding on horse-back. 

B-bs-b prep on, upon, over; at, towards, 
against; nnuia — njiHwa, to write on 
the envelop; HaxB-bpjidM-b ce — hc- 
npHHTejiM, to fall upon, dash against 
the enemy; — ocHOBa na ryii, on 
this account, for this reason; — ocHOBa 
na 3aKOHa, according to the law; le- 
gally. 

B-bMCTHHa ad in truth, indeed, verily, 
truly. 

B-bjiK-b m wolf, he-wolf; MOpcKM — , sea- 
wolf, bass; roBopHM-b 3a — Ka, a toR 
npH nacb, we are speaking of the devil 
and there he is! — Ko^AHna/ wolf's bite; 
qeuiKH, — HH a wolf (trap), wolf's 
(skin), wolfish (nature), canine (appe- 
tite), of a wolf; — «ia >KHJia / base- 
trefoil {bot); — qe n dim young wolf; 

— qHua / she -wolf. 

BliJIMd V BajlMO. 

B'b.nna / wool; fleece; — nen-b a woollen, 
of wool, in wool, wool (work); — hcctb 
a woolly, fleecy. 

B-bjiH^ / wave, billow; — HiicTb a wavy, 
waved, wave-like; watered, tabby; — 
HOJidM-b m breakwater; — HooepdseH-b, 
wave-like, undulatory. 

B-b.nH^pb m wool-stapler; — ckh a wool- 
stapler's, of a wool-stapler; woollen; — 
CTBO n wool-trade. 



B-bjiHyBaMi* 



B-bp6a 



Bi>JiHyBaM'b va to agitate, roughen (the 
sea); to excite, move, touch (with emo- 
tion); — ce vpr to be agitated, be 
rough; to be excited; rofl ce JiecHO — 
sat he gets easily excited; —He n agi- 
tating; —He, — H^HHe n agitation; com- 
motion; — HT. ppp. 

B-bjixBa / magian, wise-man. 

B-bjiui^eeH-b a magic, — al; enchanting, 
fascinating; fairy (land); —ho ad mag- 
ically, like a magic; — HOCTb / magic 
power or influence; fascination. 

Bi>jiui^6HHK-b m magician; fascinator, 
enchanter; — qeCKH a magician's, of a 
magician; magic; ad magically; — qe- 
CTBO n magic; necromancy, witchery; 
magic power or influence. 

B-^HKa ad out, outside, away; v B-bH-i>. 

B'bH(Ka)meH'b a outside; outward; exter- 
nal, exterior; foreign; — HSrjieflT., out- 
side appearance; — TtproBHS, foreign 
trade; — na qacTb, external part; —ho 
ad from the outside, externally; — 
HOCTb / outside appearance, appear- 
ance, exterior. 

B-bB-b ad out, outside; away; HSJiHsaM-b 
— , to go out; — Ha OTBopeHO, out 
of doors, in the open air; — or-b scb- 
Ka uiera, no joking; — OT-b rpaAa, 
outside of the city; ott. ysaweHHC, 
out of respect; — OT'b Tosa, besides, 
in addition, moreover; — th, out with 
you! away! 

BiioCpaiK^BaM-b (-3«) CH vpr to imagine, 
fancy, think, picture oneself; —sere 
CH qe ere y AOMa ch, imagine your- 
self (that you are) at your home; bhc 
He MoiKeTe Aa ch — 3HTe» you can't 
imagine; ne e r-bfl KaKTO ch — re, it 
is not as you think; — ne n imagining, 
fancying; — ne, — jk^hhc n imagina- 
tion; fancy, dream; — a^Hi ppp\ — 
SHJi-b app 

B-bo6pa3HM'b a imaginable, conceivable; 
TOBa e — MO, that is conceivable, — 
iMocTb / imaginativeness. 

B'boGpasHTejieH'b a imaginative, of ima- 
gination; —HOCTb / power of imagin- 
ation, imaginative faculty. 

B-bo6m^ ad in general, generally, usual- 
ly, as a rule; upon the whole; at all; 
— HHe CMe SApaBH, in general we 
enjoy good health; KaK-b ctc — , how 
are you generally? bhc — ne Tp-bSsa 
Aa B-bpiuHTe TOBa, you shouldn't do 



this as a rule; — t* ca aobojihh, on 
the whole they are content. 

B-bOAyuieBABaM-b va to animate, inspire, 
encourage, cheer up, rouse up; to revive; 
cbB-bTi* oxjiaAHBa, npniviipb — Ba, 
advice chills, example inspires; — ce vpr 
to be animated, inspired, encouraged; 
to take courage, cheer up; to delight, be 
delighted; — ce ott. ycntxHT-fe My, I 
am delighted in his successes; —He n 
animating, encouraging, inspiring; — ne, 
— fl^HHC n animation, inspiration; — 
B^H-b ppp H a animated; — BHTejien-b a 
animating, inspiring, rousing (speech). 

Bi>op£>KdBaM-b va to arm; to equip, fit; 
— HacejieHHeTO, to arm the people 
or population; — KopaGi, to fit out a 
ship; — ce vpr to arm oneself, put on 
one's arms; to take up arms, set against 
(an enemy); to be armed, equipped, fit- 
ted; —He n arming, equipping, fitting; 
—He, >K^HHe n arming; armament, 
equipment; — jk^ht. a h ppp armed. 

B-boiiem'b, — hSiut. a crying (need), cla- 
mant. 

B'bojiOT^BaM'b, — nrntUiABiLWh va to 
incarnate; — ce vpr to become in- 
carnate; — He n incarnating; — ne, ui6- 
HHe n incarnation; incarnification; 
Assumption; — t^ht. ppp incarnated; a 
incarnate. 

B-bopeKH prep in spite of, in despite; 
though, although; notwithstanding; — 
MOHTa BOJiH, in spite of (or against) my 
will; — Moero )KeJiaHHe Aa My no- 
Morna, Toit e BnnarH HenpnanaTe- 
Jien-b K-bM-b Mene, notwithstanding my 
wish to help him he is always ungrate- 
ful to me. 

B-bopocb m question; interrogation, en- 
quiry; questionable or uncertain thing; 
Ba>KeH-b — , an important question; H3- 
TOMHHHT'b — , the Eastern Question; 
aaAasaM-b — , to ask, propose a quest- 
ion; TOBa e — , that is a question, is 
questionable; — cen-b a in question, of 
question; — HHdT'b np-feAMeTi., the mat- 
ter in question; — CHTejiem. a quest- 
ion (mark), interrogatory, interogative 
(sentence), of interrogaton; — CHTejiHO 
ad interrogatively. 

B'bp6a / wilTow-tree, osier; — kt. m wil- 
low-grove; — 6HHa / vervain {bot); osier- 
switch; — Ciiua / dim young willow 
a nice little willow; — HHua / Palm- 



B-bpBa 



53 



BipXHH 



Sunday; — CdBHHK-b m willow-herb 
(bof); —6581. a willow, of willow, osier 
(basket), withy; palm, (twig or branch). 

B-bpaa / string (of fish, • etc); — bh pi 
strings; shreds; —nAn,a. f dim string. 

B'bpB^Hc-b m going, gait, pace; motion; 
— ua pa6oTa> the course of an af- 
fair; daBeHii — , slow gait or pace; 
CHjieH-b — , forced march. 

BiipBOJiMua / long row, line, file; flight 
(of birds). 

Bl>pBb V Bp-bB-b. 

B'bpB'feBaivf'b cond v s-bpssi. 

BipBH vn to go, walk; to move; to pro- 
ceed; to get along, fare; — neui-b, to 
walk on foot; — 6-bpMte, to go, walk 
or move fast; — HanptAt-HaaaA-bt 
to walk to and fro, go up and down; 
paCoTara iwy — bh Aoep-fe, his busi- 
ness goes well; Toii ce totbh aa — 
bh 3a CoayH-b, he is getting ready to 
leave or start for Salonica; MaiuHHara 
— BH Ao6pt, the engine or machine runs 
well; — Beui-b pres p; — B-feji-b ppp. 

Bipra / knob, cone, strobile (bot); bump, 
wen; A'bpBOTO e caiwo — rn, the wood 
is full of knots, is knotted all over. 

B-bprojieui. m pimple, boil. 

B-bp3BaM-b (-3si) va to tie, bind; to do 
up, pack; to fasten; — CHonoBe, to 
bind, make up in sheaves; — naKer-b, 
to tie up, do up a package; — aa p«,- 
uert, to tie by the hands; — aKO, to 
tie or bind tight; — ce vpr to be tied, 
bound; to tie or bind oneself; to make 
oneself dependant upon (a person); — 
He « tying, binding; doing up (a pack- 
age); — m> n binder, tier; — 3djiKa / 
band, bandage; stripe, tie; — sam. ppp 
tied, bound; in chains (o/ a prisoner); — 
aeji-b m v B-bseJii*; — acHHua / string, 
bundle, bunch; — 3hh / binding, bind- 
ing work. 

B-bpadni. m bundle; hank; parcel; —^e 
n dim, small bundle, parcel. 

B'bpKOJi^K'b m w2re-wolf, maa-wolf. 

B-bpjiMHa / plank; clothes-bar. 

BT.pjiyaaiwb vn to rage, ravage, be rag- 
ing {of an epidemic), infest; paaSoH- 
HHUH — T-b no OHtaH crpaHHt robbers 
infest or harass those countries; xo- 
jiepara — Ba B-b Pycwa, the plague is 
raging in Russia; — hs n raging; rava- 
ging, infesting, harassing. 

B-bpji-b a cruel (winter), fierce, dire (enemy). 



B-bpna V Bp-biuaM-b; — naji-b app; — 
Har-b ppp. 

B-bpT^JK-b m turning round, rotation; twirl; 
whirl, gyration; boao— , whirlpool. 

B-bpreue n, — reimb pres p; v B-bprii. 

BipTCHHua / turning round. 

B-bpr^HO n V Bp-fereHO. 

B-bpTejii>KKa / (spin) top. 

B-bpreiuKdM-b, — K^ra ad turning, whirl- 
ing, by turning round, in a rotatory 
manner. 

B-bpTH-K;K.uia / good economist, good 
housekeeper. 

BiipTHndni. m camomile (bat). 

B-bpTJIHB-b V Bp-bTJIHB-b. 
B-bpTHa V B-bpTH. 
B1>pTHH m Bp-bTHtl. 

B-bprorji^B-b a bardheaded, stiffnecked, 
self-willed; — bhc n — ness, self-will; 
dizziness, vertigo; — ctbo n hardhead- 
edness, stubbornness. 

B-bprorjiaBHMHHa / turn-worm (zool). 

B-bproKiK^mHHK-b m saver, economist. 

B-bprojiHH m gang, heapful, crowd (of 
children, etc). 

B-bpTtBaM'b cond v B-bprn. 

B-bpriji-b app V B-bpTH. 

B-bpri^KKa / top, peg-top (on a door); 
roller, turn-wheel; top; bobbin. 

B-hpTfl va to turn, turn about, turn a- 
round; to revolve; to while, twirl; to 
gyrate; to twist; — K^iua, to run a 
house; to be a good economist; Tofl — 
TH 6aiua iwy no BOJinra ch, he 
runs his father according to his will; 
ToH — TH Ao6pa TiiproBHii, he does a 
good business; — ce vpr to turn, turn 
about, turn round; to revolve; to twirl, 
whirl; to be turned; to roll; to twist 
around, be twisted; aeiWHra ce — th, the 
earth turns round (the sun), is revolv- 
ing; — TH my ce catT-b, he is giddy 
(from turning round); ne ce — th jiccho 
AOM-b, it is not an easy thing to run a 
house or a home; mo ce — THTe oko- 
jio MH, what are you crowding round 
me for? Bcnqno ce — th okoao na- 
paTa, all things depend on money; 
MHoro ce — T-fexT. Ao KaTO Bh Haiwfe- 
pa, I went many roundabout ways be- 
fore finding you; — tchc n turning, 
round; rotating; rotation; twirl, gyration; 
— Tem-b pres p\ — T-feji-b app. 

Bi>pXHH V Sp-bXHH. 



B'bpXHHHa 



54 



B-bKOSeH-b 



B'bpXHHHd / V Bp-bXHRHa. 

Bi>px6BeH-b a supreme (power), sover- 
eign (rights); •— cxiji-b. Supreme Court; 
— HOCTb / supremacy, sovereignty. 

Bi>pxoMi> ad on, on top; to the top; 
above, upwards. 

B-bpxy ad on, upon; over; at; of, about; 
above; rypjuw-b — Macara, to place on 
the table; SHBaMii saeri) — paCoTara 
CH» to be busy at one's work; nnuia 

— H3KycTBOTO, to Write on art; nHuia 

— njiHKa, to write upon the envelop; 
Tt ce HaxBiipjiHxa — Hero, they 
rushed at him; KaKBO me Kaxcere — 
TOBa, what are you going to say to 
that? HHe roBopHM-b — u1>HHT-k Ha 
nptAMeTHT'fe, we are discussing the 
prices of the articles; Kopae-bT-b ojiy- 
Ba — BOAara, the ship sails upon the 
water; xB-bpjiere UB-fera — Hero, throw 
flowers at him; — bchmko xyft xoH me 
orroBapn, he shall be responsible for 
all of this; rofl roBopH — eBOJiiouM- 
Hxa, he talks on, about or of the theory 
of evolution; onMpaiM'b ce — Macara, 
to lean on or against the table; xy- 
pfliu-b noKpHBKa — Macaxa, to put a 
tablecloth over the table, put a table- 
cloth on. 

B-bpx-b m top, summit, peak (of a moun- 
tain); point (of a needle), end, nib (of a 
pen), vortex (geom); pinnacle, height, 
zenith, climax (of glory); the upper part 
(of anything); ad v B-bpxy; —Me n, — 
HeuT. n dim top; end. 

B-bpiua va to do, perform; hhiuo ne — , 
I don't do anything, I do nothing; mo 
— uiHxe, what are you doing? xofl hh- 
mo He MH — uiH, he is of no use to 
me; — ce vpr to be done; hhiuo hc ce — 
UIH, nothing is being done; HesHanxi. 
mo Jin ce — UIH, they don't know what 
is to be done; — uiene n doing: — 
uieu-b ppp; — uiem-b pres p; — uihjiii 
app. 

B-bpuid va to thrash, beat (wheat, etc]; 
— ce vpr to be thrashed; — lu^iKa / 
thrashing machine; — lueue n thrash- 
ing; — luejiT. app; — uicht. ppp; — 
uiem'h. pres p; — uiwxSa / thrashing 
time. 

B-bpiua / weel, bow- net (for fishing). 

Bi>piu(a)BaMb cond v a-bpiua, npa«si. 

Bbpuie n cut twigs or branches. 

Bbpmeu-b m dim top, end; v Bpbxi.. 



B-bpuiHjio n thrashing-floor, corn-floor. 
B-LpuiHua / cut twigs or branches. 

B'ixp'fe V BAXp-fe. 
B-bX-bKl. V B/RX-bKl.. 
B-bXOp-b V BX.XOp'b. 

B-buapHBaiH-b va crown, make king, raise 
to the throne; to restore (peace, etc); 
— ce vpr to ascend the throne, be 
enthroned, crowned, be made king; — 
He n crowning, coronation; ascension 
to the throne; restoration (of peace, etc); 
— p^HT. ppp; — pMji-b app. 

B'bqejiOB'feqdBaM-b va to incarnate; to 
make a man of (a person); — ce vpr 
to become incarnate; to become a man; 
— He n incarnation; — h^ht* a h ppp 
incarnate; become a (decent) man. 

BbiuKa m louse; — Kae-b, — jiMB-b a lousy, 
buggy; — KHHO 6Hjie n prickwood {bot); 
—an / lousy woman; — jik) m lousy 
fellow; — Ji6 «, — MHua / dim small, 
louse, a tiny little louse; — qnme n an 
enormous louse. 

B-buiHCBaM-b va to grow lousy, become 
lousy; —He n growing lousy; —can-b ppp. 

B-bHiKAaM-b va to eat in, into; to cor- 
rode; to fret (as moths); — ce vpr to 
be eaten in, into; to corrode, be cor- 
roded; to be fretted; — ue n eating in 
into; corroding, corrosion; — Aeub ppp 

B-bflKHaBBM-b V yflKqaBaiui,. 

B-feiia / water nymph; witch, hag. 

BtAOMOcxb / list, roll; report. 

B-feflOMcxBO n department, province, ad- 
ministration. 

B-feAPHHi / V BeApHua. 

B-feA^HHe n science, knowledge; jurisdic- 
tion. 

B-feeue n, — emi" pres p; v B-fca. 

B-fe^Aa/ eyebrow; uHcaHH —ah, arched 
brows; HaSp-bMRBaiM-b ch — AHxt, to 
knit one's eyebrows, to frown; — A<ic- 
BaM-b va to blacken or dye (one's eye- 
brows). 

B-fe>KJiHB'b a polite, civil, affable; —bo ad 
— ly; — Bocxb / — ness, civility. 

BtflsaMb cond v B-fen. 

BtHKa / twig, branch; palm or osier 
branch. 

B-fettuyBaM'b (-Ha) v B-fea. 

B-bKdBeH-b a eternal, perpetual, sempiter- 
nal; — Hocxb / eternal state, sempiter- 
nity. 



B-bKOBHT'b 



55 



B-feCH 



StKOBHT-b a V BtKOBeHl.. 
BtKOBtqeH-b V B-feKOBeH-b. 

B-bKyBaM'b vn to live long, endure for 
ever; —He n living or enduring for 
ever, living long. 

B-tKT. m century, age; cerauiHHaTT. — , 
present century or age; B-b — kh b*- 
KOB-b, for ever and ever, ott. — na 
— , from age to age; cjiaBara my H-fe- 
iwa — Ka, his glory is eternal. 

B-bH^U-b m wreath, garland; chaplet; 
crown; the gum (of mouth); nojiarawb 
— , to lay a wreath or a garland; — Ha 
cjiasa, a crown of glory; — uHT-fe me 
fiojiHT-b, my gums are sore; — le n dim 
garland, chaplet. 

BtHueSdJi-b m pains in the gums (of the 
mouth). 

B-feHueH6ceH-b a crown-bearing, crowned; 
— ceu-b m crown-bearer, crowned head 

B'bHH^BaM'b va to marry, unite in mar- 
riage, perform the marriage ceremony; 
to crown (a king); — re vpr to be 
married; to marry; to be crowned; to 
crown oneself; — He « marrying; crown- 
ing; — HHC n marriage ceremony, mar- 
riage; coronation; — jien-b a wedding 
(ring, etc), marriage (ceremony), nuptial; 
— qiijio n wedding ceremony, nuptial 
blessing; married Ufe, wedlock; — Ji^b 
app; — H-b a h ppp married, wedded; 
crowned. 

Btpa / faith; belief, religion; denom- 
ination; confidence; credit; npaBocjias- 
Hara B-bpa, Orthodox faith; mcjiob^- 
K-bT-b e HaKjioaeH-b aa HMa B-fepa bt. 
6«.;ieiu'b JKHBOT-b, man is inclined to 
cherish a belief in a future existence; 
qoB-bK-b Cea-b — , a man with no re- 
ligion; a man of little faith; na — , on 
credit; hhkoA My ne xsama — , no 
body believes him or gives him credit; 
HMaflre — bt. ce6e cm, be of good 
faith, have confidence in yourselves; toH 
Htma — bt, ce6e ch, he has no confi- 
dence in himself; — pHua / dim dear 
faith. 

BtpBaiM-b va to believe, have faith in; to 
trust, give credit to (one); — bt. Bora 
Orua, I believe in God the Father; — 
Bh, I believe you; ne ro —fixe, don't 
believe him or trust him, ne Me — 
Ba 3a CTOTHHKa, he wouldn't trust 
me for a centime; — ce vpr to be be- 



lieved, be given credit to; to3h wcjio- 
B-bKi. He ce — Ba ott. HHKoro, no 

body believes (or gives credit to) that 
man; —jit. app; — nen believing, trust- 
ing, giving credit to; — ht, ppp; — m-b 
pres p. 

Btpen-b a true, faithful, trustworthy, 
loyal; exact, accurate, correct; — npn- 
HTCJib, true friend; —ho Kyue. faithful 
dog; — Apyrapb, trustworthy compan- 
ion; —Ha cM-feTKa / correct account; 
—Ha MtpKa, just measure; — h3tom- 
HHKb, good authority; — CJiyra, faith- 
ful or good servant; — noAaHMK-b, 
loyal, faithful subject; — hht* n pi the 
faithful; — ho ad faithfully, truly; ac- 
curately, correctly; just, right so; cer- 
tainly, surely, sure, indeed; ne e —ho, 
it is not true; —ho, correctly! exactly! 
certainly! sure! — Hocxb / fidelity, 
faithfulness, loyalty; correctness, exact- 
ness, precision; certitude {math). 

B-fepHondAan-b, -nnqecKH a faithful, loyal 
(feeling); — hhrt. m loyal subject; — 
CTBo n loyalty, allegiance, fealty. 

BtpoH3noBiAaH(H)e n creed, religion, 
confession of faith; npasocjiaBHO — , 
Orthodox religion or faith; — acht. a 
religious, of religion, of faith; — ACH-b 
Biinpocb, a question of faith or relig- 
ion. 

B-bpojidMen-b a perfidious, treacherous, 
false, traitorous; — ho ad — ly, in a 
treacherous manner; — nocrb/ perfidy, 
treachery; — mcht. m perfidious person. 

BtpojiOMCTByBaM-b z/a to act perfidiously 
or treacherously; to play the traitor; 
—He n acting perfidiously. 

B'bpooTCT/K^nHHK'b m, — ua / apostate, 
renegade; sectarian; — qecKH a apostate, 
recreant; of an apostate, of a renegade; 
apostate-like, renegade-like; — qecTBO 
n apostasy. 

B-feponoAoSeHT. a likely, probable. 

B-fepoT-bpnMM-b a tolerant; — Mocxb / tol- 
eration 

B-fepoyq^HHC n religious doctrine. 

BtpoHTeHi> a probable, likely; —ho ad 
probably, likely, probable enough; — 
HOCTb / probability; no BctKa — 
HOCTb, in all probability. 

B'bpyeaM'b v B-fepBaMii. 

Btcene n, — cemt pres p Bbca. 

B-fecH pi balance, scales; Balance {astr). 



B-bcH;io 



56 



BJHTJitpOa-h 



BtcHJion scaffold, gallows; pillory, gibbet. 

BtCTHHK^pb m journalist, newspaper man; 
gazetteer, news-man; — ckh a journal- 
ist's, of a journalist; newspaper (story); 
— CTBo n journalism. 

BicTHHKi> m newspaper, paper, journal, 
gazette; —ie n dim small paper; a 
nice little paper; sheet (derog). 

B-bcTOB6ti m orderly (soldier). 

B^CTb / news, tidings, message; Ao6pa 
— , good news or tidings. 

B-kcT^BaiH-b ce vpr to appear, make one- 
self known; to keep others posted about 
oneself; — Battre ce, drop a line from 
time to time. 

B^cb m weight; — ch pi scales, balance. 

Bica va to hang, hang up, suspend; — 
ce vpr to hang, hang up, hang on; to 
be suspended'.; — cene n hanging, sus- 
pending; suspension; — cemi. pres p. 

BtTBa / twig, branch; — sent a twig, of 
twigs, of branches; — eecTb a twiggy, 
ramose, branchy. 

B-ferp^H vn to be exposed to the wind, 
be aired; to evaporate; — ene n airing; 
evaporating; ■— em-b pres p. 

BtTiipHHiaB-b a windy, flighty, light-head- 
ed, giddy (person); — bo ad — ly; — BOCTb 
/flightiness, light-headedness, giddiness. 

B-^T-bp-b m wind; air; rheumatism; 6-fejib 
— , south wind; npoTHseHi. — , con- 
trary wind; CHJieHi> — , drift wind; qep- 
Bern. — , wild fire, erysipelas (med); 
roBopa Ha —pa, to talk nonsense, 
talk at random; BCHHKO e— , all things 
are nonsense; every thing is in vain; 
XBiipjiHMi. Ha —pa, to throw away, 
waste away; — pen-b a wind (mill), 
windy; volatile; — p^ui. m dim breeze, 
light wind; — pMjio n fan; sail — pund 
/ coolness, breeziness, Ireshness; — po- 
BHT-b a windy (weather); — pyuiKa / 
whirlwind. 

B'bxHa vn to wither, fade, fall away (of 
flowers); to droop, waste away (trom- 
disappointment); — Heae n withering, 
fading, falling away; — neui-b pres p. 

BiiqeH-b a eternal, everlasting; immortal; 
— >KHBOT-b, eternal life, life eternal — 
—HO jiBHM<eHHe, perpetual motion; — 
HO HsrHaHHe, banishment for life; — 
saTBop-b, imprisonment for life, life 
imprisonment; aa — hh BptMena, for 



all times, for ever and ever; — hhh^ 
/ eternity, endlessness of time; — ho- 
ndMereHi. a ever memorable; —ho ad 
eternally, perpetually, for ever; — nocTb 
/ eternity. 

B-biUHua, — mepHua / witch, wag. 

Btm-b a well-posted, well-informed, skilled, 
expert; toH e MHoro — no TtsH 
paGoTH, he is well informed on these 
matters; — mnna / skill, def+ness, dex- 
terity; experience; —mo ad skilfully, 
deftly, dexterously; with skill, with dex- 
terity. 

Bt.mb v Beiub. 

b4h va to winnow, separate by fanning; 
to scatter, disperse; vn to blow (of 
wind); to wave, flap over {of a flag); 
CH-fer-b — e, snow is blowing on or fal- 
ling; it snows; — ce vpr to be win- 
nowed; to fly, wave up (in the air); to 
roam about; to be afloat (of rumour); — 
^jiHua / V BHejiHi^a; —wjiKHf winnow- 
er; winnowing machine; — hjio n win- 
nowing fan; scuttle; — jib app; — am> m 
— vMKaf winnower; — ene n winnowing; 
blowing (of snow, wind etc); waving; 
scattering about; — ene Ha strepa, 
talking nonsense or at random; — ent 
PPP't —em-b pres p. 

BH^KAaiH-b va to eat in, into; to corrode 
(metal); — ce vpr to be eaten in, into; 
to eat in, into; to be corroded; — ne n 
eating in, into; corrosion; —ni, app — 
aeu-b ppp. 

BA.6eji'b m draw-well, well; v Kjia^e- 
neu-b. 

B«.rap6u-b m cleg, botfly. 

B;(vrjidpb, — Jien^pb, — jiHuidpb m char- 
coal-burner, wood-burner; coal-dealer, 
coal-man; —ckh coal-man's, of a coal- 
man; — HHua / charcoal-kiln; colliery; 
— CTBo n charcoal-trade, coal business. 

BAfJieKHCJieHT. a carbonic (acid); — na 
cojib/ carbonate; — Jiord/ carbonic acid. 

B;K.rjieHHB-b a carbonic (acid); carbo- 
nated 

B«.rjieH-b m piece of coal or charcoal; 
carbon, graphite; diamond; ikhbi, — , 
live coal; Hepem. Karo — , coal-black; 
— HeH-b a coal, charcoal; carbonic, car- 
bonaceous; —Me n dim a small piece 
of coal or charcoal. 

BAirjiepdA'b m carbon; — .^en-b a carbo- 
naceous; — ;tHCT'b a carburetted; — 
;tHCTO cbe^iHHeHHe n carburet. 



BA(.r;iHiua 



57 



raaoMer-bp-b 



B;R.rjiHiiia pi coals, coal, charcoal; em- 
bers; KHMeHH — , coal, anthracite; Atp- 
BeHM — , charcoal; oCropeuH KaueHH 
— , coke; chthh — , coal dust; slack; 
npasH Ha — , to turn or reduce to 
charcoal; — mdpi> m v BiRrjienapb. 

BA;iHua / hook; fish-hook; — HKa / dim 
a small hook, a nice little hook. 

B;R.}Kdpb m rope-maker, roper, cord-mak- 
er; — HHua / rope-yard, rope-walk, 
ropery; — ckh a rope-maker's, of a rope- 
maker; — CTBO n rope-making, ropery 
trade. 

BA»ce n rope; cord, cord-line; nanpa- 
BCH-b OT-b — , made of rope; nrpaq-b 
Ha — , rope-dancer; — >K^Hue n dim 
small piece of rope, a nice rope. 

B;R.3eJii> m knot, joint, node {boty, knob; 
tie, tangle; bundle, parcel; ropAHeBHHT'b 
— , the Gordian Knot; na — jih, knotted, 
full of knots, full of joints 'of wood); — 
qe n dim a tiny knot or joint; ganglion 
(physiol). 

SASjioBdT'b a knotted, knotty, knaggy, 
nodose; — toctb / knottiness; nodosity 
(med). 

Bx.K-k inter/; nn — hh r^K-b, not a word! 

BMcene n, — ceiui> pres p v b;r.cii ce. 

B^c6HHi;a / caterpillar; palmer-worm; — 
HKa f dim small caterpillar. 

B^cH pi whiskers (of a cat), mustachios; 
curls, ringlet (of hair); lace, strings. 

BACH va to knit, wrinkle (one's brows), 
contract; — ce vpr to frown, scowl, 
knit one's brows; to look angry, severe 
or ugly; — cene n knitting, puckering 
(the brows); frowning, scowling; frown, 
scowl; — ceui'b pres p 

B^TQp-b m groove, chime (of a cask), 
notch. 

B;KTp-b ad in, into, within, inside; in the 
interior; inwardly, inwards; BjinaaM-b 
— , to go in, get inside; Bfleare — , come 
in! 6aiua my ch e — , his father is in, 
is at home; — B-b Jtsa qaca, within 
two hours; — bt, KA.uxaTa, inside the 
house; — bt. cTpaHara, in the interior 
of the country; h BHAvrpt. 

B;K.Tp-buieH'b a inside (building), inner 
(apartment), interior (region), internal 
(trade), intestine (war); intrinsic (value); 
secret (conviction); iwHHHCT'bp'b na — 
HHT-t pa6oTH, Minister of the Interior, 
I Secretary of the Home Department (in 

f England; — ho jitKapcTBo, internal 



medicine; —ho ad inwardly, internally; 
■— HOCTb / inside, interior part, inland; 
intrinsicalness; subjectivity;.— hocth pi 
intestines, insides, viscus (anat). 
BiRxaB-b a odorous, odoriferous; — socTb 
/ — ness, aroma, scent. 



rdSep-b m yolk-elm, hornbeam, witch-e'ni 
(tree); — pos-b a yolk-elm (wood), horn- 
beam (forest), of hornbeam; — p^K-b m 
hornbeam forest or grove. 

raB^3(HH)'b m cavass, gentleman-at-arms. 

raB^HKa / wooden bowl. 

rdBpa / play, laughing-stock, mop; mean 
fellow; — pene n playing with, trifling 
with; — pem-b pres p; — piijio n v raB- 
pa; — pa ce vpr to play with, make a 
laughing stock of, treat shamefully. 

rdra / v qosKa. 

rdra / eider (duck). 

raA^JiHiue n oracle; the abode of a for- 
tune teller. 

raAdrejib m, — Ka / diviner; fortune-tell- 
er; — .nern. a divinatory (power); —ckh 
a diviner's, of a diviner; fortune-teller's; 
divinatory. 

raMfi va vn to divine, tell fortune; — 
ene n divining; fortune-telling; — emi* 
pres p. 

r^Aen-b a loathsome, disgusting, nause- 
ous; — HO ad — ly; — HOCTb / —ness, 
nausea; disgust; h raAKOCTb. 

raAH ce imp v to excite nausea, make 
(one) sick; — mh ce, to have the nausea, 
be sick of; to be disgusted with, to 
loathe (a person). 

r^AKaiM-b vn to stutter, mutter, roll one's 
words in talking. 

ra^yjiKa v r*.iiyjiKa. 

ra;n> m vermine; nasty fellow — Awna / 
creeping thing, vermine; — AWHKa / dim 
creeping thing; creature, thing. 

rdAH va to scold, reproach; to provoke, 
tease. 

ras^jia / gazelle, gazel {zool). 

rdsene n, — sem-b pres p v rasa. 

raa^xa / gazette, newspaper, paper. 

rasHJiT. app v rasH. 

raaoBHAeH-b a gasiform. 

ra30M6TT.p-b, — Mtp-b m gasometer, gas- 
meter. 



ra3onpoBOAi> 



58 



raaonpOBdA'b m gas-conduit; — aCHT. a 
gas-conducting (pipe), gas-delivery. 

raai. m gas (chent); — sobt. a gas (light); 
gaseous (matter); — aosa (})a6pHKa, 
gas works. 

rasT. m gauze (stuff). 

rasb / kerosene, petroleum; — sesi., — 
acH-b a kerosene (lamp). 

rdSH z/a to step, tread or walk on, upon; 
to beat, press or trample under foot; 
to ford (a river), wade; He —36x6 rpt- 
Bara, don't step on the grass, keep off 
the grass! rt — aax-b saKOHHT'bt they 
transgress the laws; Tp%6Ba jia — mt. 
pfeKara, we have to ford the river; — ce 
vpr to be treaded, walked, stepped on, 
upon; to be forded; — aene n stepping 
or trampling under foot; fording (a river); 
— 3eHT> ppp; — aemt pres p. 

r^flAa / bag-pipe; — ^Mua / dim a nice 
little bag-pipe. 

raHA^pb / bag-piper; h rafiAapA>KHH; — 
AYHHua / pipe-stem, reed. 

raflji6 nt v rpH>Ka. 

raJtr^H-b mt black-lace, string; — hcht. a 
trimmed with black-lace; — qe n dim; 
— HflBaM-b va to trim with black-lace. 

rattraHA^KHM m black-lace maker; — ckh 
a black-lace maker's; — jiiK-b m, — 
flcTBO n black-lace trade. 

rajiauT^pHH / jewelry, fancy goods; — 
CHT. a fancy goods (shop). 

ra.naHT6H-b m gallant; well-dressed man. 

r^ji6H pi humouring, overindulgence, 
fondling; .utre HayqeHo Ha — , spoilt 
child. 

rajiBaHH3M-b m galvanism; — qecKH a 
galvanic; ■— awpaiM-b va to galvanise (-ize) 
— 3duHH / galvanisation; — Hon;iacTH- 
Ka / electrometallurgy. 

rijiene n, — jiem-b pres p v rajiH. 

rdjieHi> a favourite, pet, dear; spoilt; 
MOCTO —HO jiiiTe, my favourite child; 
— HO AliTe, spoiled child; — hhki> m, 
— HHua / pet, favourite; —ho n pet, 
favourite, dear. 

raji^pHH / gallery; — en-b a gallery (tick- 
ets), of gallery. 

raji^ra / mill-cake, cake. 

rajiHM^THH / galimathias. 

r&nHU.a. v rapra. 

rdjiHUHa-biH'b m gallicism. 

rajidTKa / cart, dumper. 

ra.ndn-b m gallop; ad on gallop, galloping. 

rajidwb m galoshe, overshoe. 



rajiyn-b v rapaan-b. 

r&na va to pet, caress, fondle; to soothe; 
to affect delicacy in, spoil (a child); 
6ama my ro MHoro — jih, his father 
pets or fondles him too much; — Ht- 
Koro no 6yaaTa, to caress one on 
the cheeck; — ce vpr to be petted, 
fondled, caressed; to play, dally, fawn> 
caress; to wag his tail {of dogs); — 
jiene n petting, caressing; — JieHT> a h 
ppp; — flcmi. pres p. 

riiwa / gamut, scale (mus). 

r&HTjivia / ganglion; — dnen-b a ganglion- 
ic, ganglionary. 

ranrp^na / gangrene. 

raHrpeHHCBaAfb vn to gangrene, become 
gangrened; — ne n setting of gangrene; 
— cajii. ppp. 

raparduiKa v cspaKa. 

rapaHTMpaM'b va to guarantee; to war- 
rant; to vouchsafe; — ce vpr to be 
guaranteed; to be warranted; to guar- 
antee or protect oneself (against loss); 
—He n guaranteeing, warrantying; giv- 
ing bail; — ht. ppp; — p^Hx-b m gua- 
rantee; surety, bail, security; CTaeaMi* 
— pdHT-b H-feKoiwy, to go bail for, be 
surety for (one); to warrant, guarantee; 
— piHUHH / guaranty, warranty; surety, 
bond, bail; AasaM-b — pdnuHsi, to gua- 
rantee, give bail for. 

r^psaHi. m raven (bird); qepenb Karo 
— , coal-black; — qe n dim young raven. 

rdpra / crow, carrion-crow; nippers; — 
A>k6 n dim young crow; kid (pop). 

rap^a-b mt v ajio6a. 

rapAepoSi. m ward -robe, toilet-room, 
cloak room. 

rapMdH.^'b m long-primer (typ). 

rapHMaoH-b m garrison; —Hem. a gar- 
rison, of garrison. 

rapHMpaMi. va to garnish, trim, adorn, 
dress; — ce vpr to be garnished; — ne 
n garnishing; — ht. ppp; — rypa / 
trimmings, garnishment, dressing. 

r^cene n, — cemt pres p; v rac«. 

rdcen-b a slaked, slacked (lime, etc). 

racTpHqecKH a gastric (juice). 

rdcna, — h^h vn to go out (of a candle 
or fire); to be extinguished; to die; — 
nene n going out; extinguishment. 

racHJiHHK-b m, — Jio n extinguisher (rod). 

racMTejib m extinguisher; lamp-extinguish- 
er; one who slakes lime; — Jieni. a 
extinguishing, fit for extinguishing. 



racTpoJiorHH 



59 



repofi 



racrpoJidrHH / gastrology. 

racTpoHdiwb m gastronomist; — mmmcckh 
a gastronomic; — mhh / gastronomy. 

ricH va to put out (a lamp or fire), quench 
(thirst), slack, slake (lime); to extin- 
guish, blow out (a candle); — ce vpr 
to be put out, extinguished, quenched, 
slacked; to go out; to die away; He ce 
— CH xyfl mo He — He, true light cannot 
be extinguished; truth crushed to earth 
shall rise again; — cene n putting out, 
extinguishing; quenching (thirst), slack- 
ing (lime); blowing out (a lamp); — 
cem-b pres p\ — chjit. ppp. 

rar^HKa / conundrum; puzzle, riddle, 
enigma; sa^iasaM-b — , to ask or pro- 
pose a conundrum. 

r^TKaM-b va vn to wallow, roll one's 
words (in talking), stutter; —He n roll- 
ing (one's words); stuttering. 

rdqe c as if, as though; it seems. 

rau^M pi underdrawers, tights, trousers; 
Oriental breeches; — mdn. a dressed in 
(tight) trousers; feather-footed (birds); — 
KHK-b m churl, clown, lout. 

reap^t^euT, m soldier in the guards, 
guardsman. 

redpAHH / guard, the guards; ntxoTHH- 
CKa — , Foot-Guards; KasajiepcKa — , 
Horse-Guards; jie^6i> — , life-guard; — 
;i^ticKH a of the guards, in the guards. 

rB&uflyi-Y, va to squeeze in, into, press in, 
into; to tread, trample; — HtKoro bt. 
Kajibxa, to wallow one in the mud. 

rsdna v ;ii.Bqa. 

rebsiieti m nail; tack, tacket; (})a6pHKa 
3a — H, nail-works, nailery; — it n dim 
small nail, tack, tacket. 

rji-k ad where, in what place; — cbiwh 
aa-b, where am I? —to, wherever, no 
matter where, anywhere; rypHere n-fe- 
uiara — to h Aa 6mjio, put the things 
in any place; aa-b cbMi* HecTHTT> — to 
H Aa e, I am happy no matter where. 

reBriipi> m^ solid structure, massive struct- 
ure; — peH-b a solid, massive. 

reB^q-b m earthen bowl or basin ffor 
washing), earthen pan (for baking); bake; 
— jie n dim small earthen bowl. 

reBp^K-b mt cracknel; a crispy, fresh; — 
qiia / cracknel-seller 

r6ra / shepherd's crook. 

reMii» ft v Kopa6-b. 

reneajidr-b m genealogist; — niqecKH a 
genealogical; — fhh / genealogy. 



renesHC-b m genesis. 

renep^ji-b m general; — ryeepnaxopb, 
governor-general; — jieflTenaHTi., lieute- 
nant-general; — MaHopix major-gen- 
eral; H'b.neH'b — , general-in-chief; — 
jiHCHMycb m generalissimo; — jiHT^T-b 
m corps of general officers; — jien-b a 
general; — jiem. KOHcyji-b, consul-gen- 
eral; — jien-b u^aS-b n general staff 
(of an army); — ckh a general's, of a 
general; ad like a general; — ctbo n 
generalship. 

renep^uun / generation. 

reneTHqecKH a genetic. 

reHH^jien-b a genial; —ho ad — ly; — 
HocTb / geniality. 

r^HHJf m genius; spirit; talent; seJiMK-b 
— , great genius; qoBtKi) cb — , a man 
of genius, a talent. 

reor^HHfi / geogeny; — HiiqecKH a geo- 
genic, — al. 

reorndaHH / geognosy. 

reorp^({)b m geographer; — (})MqecKH a 
geographic, — al; ad geographically; — 
(tiHH / geography. 

reoA^3HH / geodesy; — shctt. m geode- 
sist; — aiiqecKH a geodesic, — al. 

reojidr-b m geologist; — riiqecKH a geo- 
logical; ad — ly; — rnti / geology. 

reoM^xpHH/ geometry; HflOCKa —, plane 
geometry; cojiwAHa — , solid geometry; 
AecKpHOTHBHa — , descriptive geometry; 
anajiHTHqecKa — , analytic geometry; 
— p^flCHT. a geometral; — piiqecKH a 
geometric, — al; ad — cally; — Ttp-b m 
geometrician. 

reoueHTpHqeHi}, — qecKH a geocentric, 
— al. 

repiiHHfl m geranium (bof). 

repaHJiHB-b v rpaHHs-b. 

repiHi> mt v KJia^eHeu-b. 

repG-b m coat of arms, arms, escutcheon; 
stamp; —Gobi, a stamped (paper), stamp 
(duty). 

repr^BjieHqe n veronica, speedwell {hot). 

repr^Bqe n narcissus (the white). 

repr^BT. m embroidering frame; embroi- 
dery. 

reprMHa / dahlia {bot). 

reprfloB-b-ACHb m St. George's Day. 

repMn-b mt necklace; chain; — qe n dim 
(a nice) little necklace. 

repoii m hero; — iihh / heroine; — ckh a 
heroic, — al; ad heroically; — ctbo n 
heroism; h repoHS-bivn.; — MqecKH a 



60 



rjiasHJiKa 



heroic (poem). 
FH pron them; moMX-u — na cJiyrara, 

I gave them to the servant; koM — 
HcKa, who wants them? 

repMauHS'bM'b m Germanism. 

rH6eji-b m destruction, ruin, perdition; — 
Jieu-b a ruinous, destructive, disastrous, 
tatal; ~ho a ~ly. 

rM6Ha V THHa. 

rH66Hi, m gibbon {zool). 

rMB^q-b m earthen bowl or basin (for 
washing), baking pan; bake, 

rHr^HT-b m giant; — ckh a gigantic, gi- 
gantean. 

TMAH inter] ah you! 

THAHti mt a valiant, doughty man. 

riiSAa / a woman given too much to 
her toilet, coquette, flirt, minx; — a6 n 
dude, dandy, Deau. 

rH3AaBi> a pretty, good-looking, nice 
looking, beautiful; — Beui> m a good- 
looking man or nice looking man; — bhh^ 
/ prettiness, good looks; — BHua / nice- 
looking woman, pretty woman, beauty; 
— BHM'bK'b a dim rather pretty or good- 
looking. 

rHSAMJio n dress, attire, toilet, finery. 

rHSAOCHfi/ a shining beauty, a rare beauty. 

THSAH va to dress, array, bedeck, spruce, 
set off; — ce vpr to dress, adorn, trim 
oneself; toB ce iwHoro — ;tH, he is 
given too much to his toilet; — acHe n 
Dedecking, dressing, setting off; — Aemt 
pres p. 

rMSHH ft moire, watered silk; — eH-b n 
tabby, moire (stulf). 

THjiaa / case (of a rocket), empty cart- 
ridge. 

THjioTHHa / guillotine. 

rHM>KHjio n a swarm (of insects). 

rHMHasMd / gymnasium, gymnasia; — 
3HcTb m gymnasia student; — djieHi> a 
gymnasia (course), of a gymnasia. 

rMMHacTMKa / gymnastics; -— ritqecKH a 
gymnastic (exercises). 

THHa vn to perish, die, be undone, lost; 
to be occupied too much with, waste 
one's time on; — H^iK-b m, — Hcne n 
loss, perdition, ruin; waste of time, too 
much attention or care; — nem-b pres p. 

THHeKOJidr-b m gynecoiogist; — riiqecKH 
a gynecological; — rna / gynecology. 

THH^fl / guinea (21 shillings). 

rHoji-b mt pool, puddle. 

rffoH'b mt sole (of a shoe); sole leather. 



runcb m gypsum; — coB-b a gypsym, of 
gypsum, gypseous, plaster (kiln) 

THpA^HAa f garland 

rjiafi-b m groove, grooving, flute, cut. 

rjiaB^ m head; chapter (oi a book); head, 
chief, headman; principal (at interest); 
knob, ball, bulb; top (of pins, nails); 
source (of a river); head, piece (of ani- 
mals); A'bp>KaBeH'b — , chief oi state; 
6amaTa e — Ha cbMeHcTBOTO, the 
father is the head of a family; n-bpBa 

— Ha BHTHe, the first chapter of Gen- 
esis: nptsT. — , head over heels; ae- 
6ejia — , thick head, dullard; Jiy^a — , 
reckless fellow, young blood, madcap; 
qoB-feKb cb — , a man of brains or of 
judgment; nexb — bh roBCAa, five head 
of cattle; ott. nexH ao — . from head 
to foot, from top to toe; BAHrann. — , 
to rebel, revolt, rise against; — ra My 
e B-b TopSaxa, his life is at stake; 
B-bpuia H-bmo na cboh — , to do a 
thing on one's own responsibility; 6Ha 
CH — ra, to knock one's head; to work 
or toil hard; sHpn — , to be haughty, 
act haughtily;, to be insubordinate; ra 
My e saB-bprtjia — ra, she has got 
her hold upon him; rtwH mh na — -ra; 
it weighs on my mind; — Biiua, — 
— BiiqKa / dim small head, a nice little 
head; — BHiue n ?n awfully big head. 

rjiaBar^pb m chief, leader, captain; ring- 
leader; — CTBo n leadership, captaincy. 

rjiaB&qb m bull-head, mud-fish. 

radLB^yn-h m betrothal, betrothment, 
espousals. 

r,n^BeH-b a chief, capital, principal, main, 
primary, prime; head, cephalic (vein); 

— rpaA'bt chief or principal town; — 
CTaHifHH, central station, main station; 
—Ha TOMKa, principal point; — yqH- 
Tejib> head master; — peAaKTopb, ed- 
itor in chief; — aoktopt., chief-phy- 
sician; —Ha 6yKBa, capital letter; — 
yjiHua, main street; .— npHHUun-b, 
leading or fundamental principle; — na 
6HTKa, pitched, great or decisive bat- 
tle; — na noAnopa, chief or main 
support; —HO ad chiefly, principally, 
mainly, especially, particularly, in par- 
ticular, 

rjiaBdHi} ppp v rjiaBH. 

rji^secTb a big headed, large headed; 

bulbous (plants), capitate. 
wiaBMjiKa / v rjiaBOKii. 



61 



rjiacysaM-b 



rjiasHua / hub (of a wheel), nave; thick- 
head (pop). 

rAasHCTHua / tadpole. 

rji^BHHua / capital (at interest). 

rjiasHMK-b m v or^aBHHK'b. 

rjiaBH^ / burning log; fire-brand, brand, 
fire-stick; wheat- rot, blight, mildew; 
darnel (Jbot); — hhbt, a blighted, smutty 
(wheat); — Hiina / gith, darnel, tare. 

rjiaBoSdjiii m headache; — jihc n head- 
ache; trouble, bother, nuisance; rojit- 
Mo — JIHC, a great nuisance. 

rjiaBOB-bpTCHe n vertigo, dizziness, gid- 
diness. 

r;iaBoji6MeHi> a head-breaking, reckless. 

rjiaBooSpdaeH'b a cephaloid {bot). 

rjiaBOHoru pi cephalopods {mollusc). 

rjiaBopta-b m cutthroat. 

rjiaB5m> m bull-head; aphua (fish). 

r;iaBflBaMi> va to affiance, betrothe, pro- 
mise in marriage; — ce vpr to be af- 
fianced, betrothed, engaged; — hc n 
affiancing, betrothing; espousals, be- 
trothment; -— b^ht. ppp. 

rjiaBflCBaM'b vn to head, form itself into 
a head {of cabbage); to suffer of over- 
growth of the head; — ne n heading; 
overgrowth of the head; — cajii. ppp. 

rjiardJi-b m verb; — jicht. a verbal (noun); 
— jiene n talking; — jiiiB-b a talkative; 
— jiHua / the old Slavic alphabet. 

rjidjiene n, — Aemt pres p v rnama. 

rjiaAH^TOp'b m gladiator; — ckh a gladia- 
torial; gladiator's, of a gladiator. 

rjiaAHJio n whet-stone; scythe-stone; 
hone (for razors); —mt\h m polishing 
stone, rub-stone; hone. 

rjiaAHJi-b app v rjiaAn. 

rjiaAHHua f corn-marigold {bot) 

rjiaAHtii vn to be, feel or get hungry; 
— ene n getting or becoming hungry; 
— em-b pres p. 

rJiaAysaMi. va to hunger, be hungry, 
starve, bear hunger; to hunger after, 
yearn for; — aa xjite-b, to starve for 
bread; — aa HCTHHara, to hunger 
after (yearn for) truth; — hc n hunger- 
ing; hunger; starving, starvation; yearn- 
ing for. 

rjiaAi* m hunger, famine, starvation; yiwH- 
paiM-b OTT> — , to die of hunger, to starve, 
die for bread; rojitM-b — , great famine; 
— ;;eHT. a hungry; hungered, famished; 
yearning, wishing for, looking for; — 



ACHT. sa HayKa, yearning for educa- 
tion; —jifiH-b e 3a 6ofl, he wants or is 
looking for a drubbing; — na ro^HHa, 
a year of famine; poor year; — HiiKi> 
m a hungry person; tramp; an avaric- 
ious man; — HHm>Ki> a dim a little 
hungry; —ho ad hungry; —ho mh 
e imp V, I am hungry, feel hungry; 
— AOTHH / hunger; hungry people; — 
AOpHH / hunger, starvation. 

rji&A'bK'b a smooth, polished, even, pla- 
in; sleek; slippery; — n;K.Tb, smooth, 
even, level road; —kg anufi, smooth 
face; — ko Mope, smooth, level sea; 
— KOAyMCH-b a smooth-tongued, fluent; 
— KO ad smoothly; sleekly, sleek; flu- 
ently, flowingly; OTHBaMi* — ko, to go 
or run smoothly; roBopn — ko, to speak 
fluently; — koctb / smoothness; even- 
ness; polish; fluency, easiness. 

FJidAH va to smooth, make smooth, pol- 
ish; to plane, planish; to press, iron 
(clothes); to glaze; to caress, stroke, 
soothe; to sharpen, strop (a razor) — 
ce vpr to be smoothed, polished; to 
be planed {of wood, etc); to be ironed, 
pressed; to be stroked, caressed; — flene 
n smoothing, polishing; planing; press- 
ing (clothesj; stroking, caressing (a dog, 
etc); stropping (a razor); — Aemt pres p. 

rji^MaB-b a stupid, dull; — bo ad — ly; 
— BocTb, — lUHHa / stupidity, dullness- 

rjidcene n, — ceunT. pres p v r.iiacfl. 

rjidceH'b a vocal, phonetic; vowel (let- 
ter); m member of a town council; 
—HO ad vocally, orally; loudly; — 
HOCTb / publicity. 

rjiacoBHTT. a sonorous, resonant; musi- 
cal (voice); —to ad — ly; — TOCTb / 
sonorousness; vociferousness. 

r;iaconoMBaM-b vn to vote; —He n 
voting. 

rjiaconoAaB^rejib m voter; — Bdrejiem. 
a voting (system). 

rjiacrypeuT. / sorrel {bot). 

rjiacyBBM-b va to vote, put to the vote; 
to appropriate; — ce vpr to be voted, 
put to the vote; to be appropriated; — 
3a HtKoro, to vote for (give one's vote 
to) a person; — 3a caho nptAJiojKe- 
HHe, to cast one's vote in favour of a 
bill; T03H B-bnpocb rptCBa Aa ce — 
Ba, that question should be put to the 
vote; —He n voting, putting to the vote; 
vote; — HT. ppp. 



rjHWi> 



62 



rjiynaBii 



r;iac-b m voice; tone, tune; sound; air; 
vote, poll; AcOeJiT. — , low, deep voice; 

— HapoACHi* — Eo>KH, the voice of 
the people is the voice of God; CHJiCH'b 
— , strong, loud voice; cb sHcoK'b — , 
with a loud voice, loudly, aloud; nHn- 
HOTO HMa xy6aB-b — , the piano pos- 
sesses a fine tone; cjibakh— cose, sweet 
voices, pleasant sounds; AaaaM-b cboh 

— 3a H-bKoro, to vote for, cast one's 
vote in favour of one; — c6ui» m dim a 
nice little voice or sound; — comt. ad 
with a loud voice, aloud, loudly; — coai* 
a voice (culture), of the voice, vocal, 
phonetic. 

rjiacfl va to voice, sound, publish (an 
opinion); to speak, read {of a state- 
ment); to prepare, arrange; to tune (an 
instrument); —-ch ce imp v, it is being 
rumoured, reported. 

rjiauiar^ti m public crier. 

rji^AaM-b va vn to look, see; \a look at, 
upon; to behold; to look after, take 
care of, tend, watch over; to appear; 

— B-b seMHTa, to look at the ground; 
He mora ^a — noAo6HH cueuH, I cant 
bear looking at such scenes; — flre bt. 
©qHT-fe My, look in his eyes, look at 
him, pay attention to him; — Are a*- 
uara, look after the children; — flre 
BCMMKo Aa e BT, peAiir see that every- 
thing is in good order; aa-b — 6aiua 
CH, I take care of my father; AtTCTO 
— Aa» the child is looking, has his eyes 
open; — Aatt impers^Q, vide; interj look! 
look out! — ce vpr to be looked, seen, 
looked at, upon; to be taken care of; 
to seem, appear; to look, see oneself 
(in the glass); roil ce — Aa yMopen-b, 
he looks tired; — He n looking, seeing; 
looking after; sight; — ht. ppp; — Ai- 
TCJib m spectator, onlooker; —jijknKiL f 
fortune-teller, witch; — aAit* m fortune- 
teller; onlooker, spectator; watch. 

rjicAT* m eyesight; appearance; view; — 
Ha TOKKa, point of view; na — , in ap- 
pearance; — A^UT. m pupil, zenith (of the 
eye); — Ka / sight, spectacle, scene; — 
AOKp;R.rb m horizon. 

rji^aen-b m ankle, ankle bone. 

Tji^sii va to spoil (children), play, dally; 

— ce vpr to grin, make faces at; — 
aene n spoiling; grinning; — scht. ppp; 
a spoilt (child); — aem-b pres p. 

Tjierd n chisel. 



rjieMdcBaMi. va to glaze, ice with var- 
nish; — ce vpr to be glazed; —He n 
glazing; — cam. an ppp glazed; h rjiexc- 

AOCBaM-b. 

rjieqi. m glaze, glazing; ice varnish; 
enamel (of the teeth) 

rjiH6-b m mire, mud, puddle. 

rjinrdn-b m wild-boar. 

rJiHHa/ clay, argil; rp-bnqapcKa — , pot- 
ter's clay; — hcht. a clay (pipe), of clay; 
earthen (pot); argillite; — wecTba clayey, 
clayish, argillaceous; — HHume n clay- 
trough. 

rjiHHHfl m alumen; — hos^mi* m alum- 
earth. 

rjiHCTT. m worm, belly-worm; reKHHTa 
— , tape- worm; — xaB-b a wormy; — 
TCBo ($H;ie, worm-grass, semen- contra; 
— TordHCH-b a vermifuge, helminthic; 
— TOBHACH'b a worm-like. 

rjiHCTHCBaMit vn to be infested with 
worms fespeclally belly-worms); — ne n 
getting wormy, getting infested with 
belly-worms; — cajii> ppp. 

rjiHuepHH-b m glycerine (chem); — uoB'b 
a glycerine. 

r.n66a / fine, money-penalty, mulct; dam- 
age; — Senii a of fine; — Shmt* a 
liable to be fined; punishable. 

rjidSycb m globe; sphere; — cem. a globe, 
globe's, of the globe. 

rjio6flBaM-b va to fine, impose a fine on, 
mulct; r- ce vpr to be fined; to fine 
oneself; —He n fining, mulcting; — 
G^H-b ppp. 

rjior-b m hawthorn, bloody dogwood; — 
ras-b a thorny, knotty; — riiHKa / 
hawthorn berry. 

rjidwAaiM-b va to gnaw, pick (a bone); to 
eat in; vn to be sticking up, be hard; to 
bother; AiiCKaTa — Aa, the board is too 
hard to sit on; H'femo mh — Aa na 
cbpAUCTO, I am ill at ease; — ne n 
gnawing, picking. 

rjiOMdTT. m V uiyMi,. 

rjiyHCb m knot, knag; — jimbi. a knotty, 
knaggy, nodose. 

rjiyMa / joke, fun; — Mene n joking, pok- 
ing fun at, playing with; — iweut'b pres 
p; — MCiJCb m joker; mocker; — jihbt. a 
joking, jesting, funny, facetious; — 
jiifBO ad — ly; — mh ce vpr to joke, 
jest, make fun of; to mock, deride, rid- 
icule. 

r^iynas-b a foolish; stupid, silly; crazy; 



rjiynasHq-bK-b 



63 



rntBH 



He 6mjih TOJiKOBa — , don't be so 
foolish or stupid; —bo ad — ly, ab- 
surdly; — BHHd, — lUHH^/ — ness, stupid- 
ity, lumpishaess. 

TjiynaBHm.K'b a dim a little foolish or 
stupid; — KO ad rather stupidly. 

rflyniKT,, — n6u"b m fool, stupid fellow, 
blockhead, numskul, jay; — nkwecTBO/i, 
V rjiynaBiUHH^; — qo m v rjiyneui.; 
— n^uiKM a foolish, like a fool; ad fool- 
ishly, like a fool. 

rjiynocTb / folly, foolishness, stupidness, 
stupidity, nonsense, absurdity; Tosa e 
Utjia — , that is a real nonsense; to e 
— jifl. ce MHCJiH TT>fl, it is foolish or 
absurd to think that way; ne roBopere 
— TH, don't be talking foolishness or 
nonsense; KaKBa — , what a folly ! how 
foolish! 

rJiyntH vn to grow foolish, stupid or 
dull; — ene n growing stupid or fool- 
ish. 

rjiyxdpb m black-cock, heath-cock. 

rjiyxT. a deaf; mute (letter), dead (sound); 
blind (alley); desolate, deserted, dismal 
(place); toH ce npasH Ha — , he feigns 
deafness; — jih .ere, are you deaf? 
MHoro ~xo e ryKa, it is very dis- 
mal here; — KHq-bKi. a dim a little deaf, 
rather deaf; — xoh%mi> a deaf and dumb, 
deaf-mute; yqHJiHiue aa — xontMH, 
school for the deaf and dumb; — xocTb, 
— xoTd/ deafness; dismalness; — xothh 
/ deafness; dismalness, gloom. 

rjiyxyBaiWT. vn to feign deafness, pretend 
not to hear; to connive at. 

rjiyuid va to deafen, choke, deaden. 

rjiyiucH^u-b m vetch (pot). 

rJiyiu^uT. m v nji-bx-b. 

rjiyuiMjio n dandelion {bot). 

rjiyuiHHd / thicket, dull place. 

rJiyiuKo n deaf person. 

rJiyuiHita / earwig. 

TJiiTBaMi. (-Ha) va to swallow; — ce 
vpr to be swallowed; — ne n swallow 
ing; swallow; — Ka / swallow; mouth 
ful, gulp, draught; bt, eana — Ka, at a 
gulp or a single draught; —Han. ppp 
— Huufl. f dim v rjn»TKa. 

rjiixna vn to grow deaf, dull or dumb 
to become dismal, deserted, dreary, 
gloomy {of a place); — nene n growing 
dull or silent; becoming dreary. 

rjibq-b m, — Ka / noise, bustle, commo- 



tion, tumult, uproar; — jihbt. a noisy; 
scolding. 

rji-bedK-b V JiT.Ji6oKi.. 

FM^qKaM-b V MaqKaiM-b. 

FMypflM-b ce vpr to dive, plunge (into 
the water); — ne n diving, plunging; 
plunge, dive. 

rHCTT. m oppression; — th va to oppress; 
— rene n pressing, compressing; op- 
pression; — remi. pres p. 

THHa.a. f nit; — .naB-b a nitty, lousy. 

FHHJia V rjiHHa. 

FHHJi'b a rotten (apple); decayed, putrid, 
carious; — jiAkt. m rotten trunk; — 
jiocTb / rottenness; putridity, cariosity; 
— jiyuia / soft or rotten fruit. 

rHHa vn to rot, grow putrid; to decay; 
— ene n rotting; putrescence, putre- 
faction; — euiT. pres p. 

PHOlt m pus, putrid matter; manure; — 
ene n gathering up pus, suppurating; 
suppuration, purulence; manuring (a 
field); — eniiua / abcess, ulcer, boil; — 
eHT. a pus, putrid (matter), purulent 
(wound); — eT^qern, a suppurating, 
running, blear, purulent; — emi. pres p; 
— Hute n dunghill; — JiHB-b a purulent, 
running, blear, suppurating; — a vn to 
run, gather up pus or matter, suppu- 
rate; to form itself to a head (of a boil); 
va to manure (a field). 

FHOHCBaH-b vn to suppurate, become pu- 
rulent or suppurated; —He n suppu- 
ration, purulence; — caji-b a purulent, 
running, suppurating. 

rnycen-b v rnx.ceH'b. 

rniBen-b a angry, hot, hasty (words), 
wrathful, incensed, irritated; —ho ad 
angrily. 

rH-bBJiHBi. a easily angered, irritable, 
irascible; —bo a irritably, angrily, wralh- 
fully; — JiocTb / irascibility, irascible- 
ness. 

rntB-b m anger, ire, rage, passion, wrath; 
H3;iHBaM'b CH — TT>, to vent one's anger, 
to pour out the vials of one's wrath 
(upon a person); nptAHSBBKBaitn. — , 
to enrage or exasperate (one); — me e 
imp V I am angry, feel angry; I am 
displeased with. 

rHtBfl va to anger, make angry, vex, 
irritate, incense; to enrage; — ce vpr 
to be angry, grow or become angry, 
fall into a rage; to get irritated, pro- 



THtSAO 



64 



voked; — seHe n getting or making 
angry; angering, pro voicing; - seufb 
pres p. 

rHtsAO n nest; covey, nestling, eyry, 
aery (of an eagle); — achc n nestling, 
huddling; — a^huc, —146, — ahi^^ n dim 
a nice little nest; —ah va to nestle; 
— AH ce vn to nestle; to be nestled. 

rH^cen-b a abominable, loathsome, dis- 
gusting, sickening; filthy; base; profane 
(language); dirty (towel, etcy, —ho ad 
abominably; filthily; — hoctb / abom- 
inableness, abomination; aversion; nau- 
sea; — cord, — coTHfl / abominable- 
ness, abomination; abominable fellow, 
wretch. 

rHincyeaM-b ce v thach ce. 

rH«.cb / abomination; abominable or des- 
picable fellow, mean, dirty fellow; — iwe 
e imp V to abominate, abhor, hold in 
abomination, loathe; to have the nausea, 
be made sick; — Me e Aa ro rjieAaM-b, 
I abhor him, he makes me sick to 
look at him; — Me e Aa ohh ct ne- 
roBara wauia, it gives me the nausea 
to drink with his glass; — jihbi> a dirty, 
unclean (person); nauseous; squeamish; 
— jiK) m a dirty person; a squeamish or 
fastidious person; — hmki. m a dirty 
fellow; an abominable person; stinker. 

THi^CH va to dirty, befoul; — ce vpr to 
abominate, abhor, loathe; to be dis- 
gusted with, have aversion, detest (a 
person); to have the nausea, be sick 
of; — ce OTT, Toea, I loathe it, it 
disgusts me, it makes me sick; — ce 
OTi* TasH xpaua, this food gives me 
the nausea; — cene n dirtying, befoul- 
ing, spoiling; — ceim> pres p. 

ro pron him; AOseAere ro ryna, bring 
him here; He ro cMyiuasafiTe, don't 
disturb him. 

roBeAapyBaM-b vn to be herdsman; — ne 
n cattle-grazing, herdsman occupation. 

roBeA^pb m neat-herd, drover, herdsman, 
cow- herd, cattle- driver; simpleton, block- 
head (fig) — pHHa/ herdsman's fee; — 
HHK'b'/n cow-house, cattle-run; — ckh 
a cattle-driver's, herdsman, cow-boy's; 
of a herdsman; boorish, uncouth, rough 
(manners,; arf like a herdsman; roughly, 
boorishly; — ctbo n cattle-grazing,' 
cattle-feeding; — ne n dim a young 
herdsman, cow-boy. 

roB^AO n cattle; beast, animal, neat; — Aa 



3a Kjiane,. slaughter animals; porarM 
— Aa, horned cattle; He cTasaH — ao^ 
don't be a fool! — ue n dim a nice- 
animal, beastie; — b^ikai* a cattle, of 
cattle, for cattle; — b^jkah nasapbt 
cattle-fair. 

roBop.nHB'b a talkative, loquacious, chatty; 
— BOCTb / — ness, loquacity. 

roBopHM-b a spoken (language), verna- 
cular; speaking (terms); ua — cshki., 
in the language spoken; in plain lan- 
guage. 

rdBop-bm speech, language, dialect, idiom,, 
jargon; accent; ManeAOHCKH — , iV\a< 
cedonian dialect; KOKHe^cKH — , Cock- 
ney dialect or jargon; CBo6oAeH-b — , 
fluent speech, good accent; — peni. a 
dialect, language, of language or dialect; 
spoken (language). 

roB6pH va vn to speak; to talk, say> 
tell; to converse; — bhcoko, to speak 
loud; KaKBo — aa-b, what am I speak- 
ing, talking or saying? — mhofo esH- 
UH, to speak or know many languages; 
— Ha nocoKH, to speak at random; — 
p^re HCTHuara, speak the truth; T-b 
CH— T-b, they are talking to each other, 
are conversing with each other; — mho- 
ro, to talk too much, be loquacious; — 
ce vpr to be spoken, said, told; roit 
He ^ejiae Aa My ce — pH, he doesn't 
like to be talked to; — pn ce imp v 
they say, people say, it is rumoured; 
— pH ce 3a BOflna, they are talking of 
war; roBa ce ne — pn, one should'nt 
say this; — pene n speaking, talking, 
saying; elocution; — H-b a spoken, oral, 
vernacular (language); — ptuyb pres p; 
n the person speaking or talking. 

roB-feji vn to fast, prepare for the sacra- 
ment; — ene n fasting, preparation for 
the sacrament; — emi. pres p; — s'feji-b 
ppp. 

roA^JKi. m betrothal, betrothment, en- 
gagement; — iKCHt a engagement (ring), 
of betrothal or betrothment; — hhkt. m, 
— HHua / match-maker, sponsor. 

roAenHKi. m betrothed, fiance; — ua / 
betrothed, fiancee; — hhuikh a of be- 
trothed, of betrothment; engagement 
(ring); — necTCBo n life of the be- 
trothed, betrothment. 

roA^Hi* a betrothed, affianced, engaged. 

rdAen-b a lit, suitable, appropriate; toM 
e — 3a rasH pa6oTa, he is fit fcr 



roAHHa 



rojitMit 



that business; aa hhiuo hc e — , he 
is good for nothing; BptMCTO e —ho 
aa pasxoAKa, the weather is good for 
a walk; —HOCTb / fitness, suitableness. 

roAHHa / year; BHCOKOCHa — , leap year; 
rjiaAHa — , year of famine; HOBa — , 
New Year; qecTMra Bh HoBa ToAHHa, 
Happy New Year to you I sa — , a year, 
per annum; CAHawb bt. — xa, once a 
year; HAeiuara — , next year, the com- 
ing year; cbiwi. Ha AsaAeceTb — hh, 
I am twenty years old; na crapn — hh, 
in one's old age; bt, uBtryiUH — hh, in 
the prime of life; — h^ki. m, — nine 
n dim yearling, one year old. 

roAHHyBaM-b vn to spend the year; to 
live long; — ne n spending the year; 
living long. 

roAHHacBaM-b vn to finish one's first 
year, become a year old, 

roAHuien-b a yearly, annual (revenue), 
year, of a year; — hhki> n yearbook, 
annual; — HHna / anniversary; annual 
issue or edition; annual revenue; — ho 
ad yearly, annually, per year or an- 
num. 

roA^ ad; luo H.nH KaKBo — , whatever; 
mo — e Aajiit TocnoAb, whatever 
God has given; KaKBa — KiR.uiHua, 
any little house, no matter what a little 
house it is; KaK-bs-b — qos^Ki., any 
man. 

roAflBaiwb va to betroth, affiance, engage; 
— ce vpr to be engaged, affianced, 
betrothed; —He n betrothing, affiancing; 
betrothal, engagement, betrothment; — 
Ka / engagement, betrothment; — a^hi. 



ppp v roAen-b. 
r6ei 



iene «, — emi. pres p v roH. 
rdeni a fatted, fattened; fat. 
ro36a v rocrSa. 
rojidK-b m v rojiraK-b. 
rojiAyHT> m ring-dove (zool). 
TonHui. f barren land; ridge, cliff. 
rbjinq-bKi. a dim v rojii.. 
rojiHuidpie n unfledged bird, young one 

(of birds). 
rojiHH / sauce-alone (bot). 
r6no ad nakedly, naked, nudely; only, 

but. 
rojior^H-b m a penny (coin}, two cents. 
rojiorji^B-b a bare-headed. 
rojiorp«.A'i> a bare-chested, bare-breasted. 
rojiocjibseHi. a verbal, founded on mere 

words; blustering, swaggering, boast- 



ful; —HO ad verbally; superficially^ 
blusteringly; — HOCTb/ verbalism, super- 
ficiality, blustering; — aeui. m a mere 
talker, blusterer, braggart. 

rojiocfeMenCen)!. a gymnospermous; — 
HH pacreHHH pi gymnospermous plants. 

roflOTi / nakedness, nudity (of body); 
barrenness; poverty, destitution; h ro- 

JIOTlifl. 

rojioui^TT. a unfeathered, plumeless, un- 
fledged (bird); — ui4pqe n dim v ro- 
jiHuiapwe. 

rojiouiHH m bare-neck, long-necked person. 

rojiT^K-b m a very poor fellow, beggar; 
poor devil, tramp. 

rojiyxqe n dim fledgeling, young bird, 
pout. 

rojiyui-b m v rjiasaq-b. 

rojn> a bare, naked, nude; undressed; 
poor, destitute; — qoB-feKi., nude person; 
poor or destitute person; — Jio T-kao, 
naked body; — jia rjiasa, bare head; 
bald-head; — ;ia HCTHua, naked truth; 
— jia ca6H, naked sword, unsheathed 
sword; — jih KpaKa, bare feet; ci. — 
jm KpaKa, bare-footed. 

roji-kiH^Hi. m presumptuous person;— m4h- 
CTBO n megalomania, presumption. 

rojitM^U-b m magnate, grandee, great 
lord; — KHHa / a woman of quality, 
big lady; — ckh a lord's, grandee's, of 
a magnate; aristocratic. 

rojitiMMji-b m V HHyapH. 

rojitiwHHd / bigness, size; magnitude; 
quantity (math); bulk, bulkiness; cal- 
iber, bore; o6HKHOBeHHa — , ordinary 
size. 

rojitMCTBd n magnateship, lordship; aris- 
tocracy; superiority; haughtiness, 

rojiliMiuHH^ / presumption, arrogance, 
haughtiness 

rojitM-b a large, big, large-sized, big- 
sized; great; old, mature, grown up 
(person); too big or too large; — mo- 
BtK-b, a big or large man (0/ body); 
great man; to3h cauA'bK'b e — aa ra- 
3H craji, this box is too large for this 
room; MOMqero e seqe —mo, the 
boy has grown up; — cM-fex-b, great 
laughter; —ma SyKsa, capital letter; 
— MO H MajiKO, everybody, great and 
small; ct. — rpyA-b, with great dif- 
ficulty, with great efforts; —Ma pa- 
6oTa, big business, large transaction; 
5 



rOJltMl-ctlKO 



ropHHKi> 



ittterj it is too bad! o6ymaTa mh c«. 
— MH, my shoes are too big or large 
for me; — mhhtt. iwy CHUb, his older or 
elder son; —mo BUHMaHHe, great atten- 
tion; —ma M-bceMHHa, full moon; iitp- 
JKa ce Ha —mo, to act presumptuously, 
assume airs, grow or get proud. 

roji-feM-b-cfeqKO m v tiHyapH. 

roJitMtfl va to magnify, extol; — ce 
vpr to grow or get proud, give oneself 
airs, pride oneself upon; to boast; — ene 
n vaunting, vaunt, boasting. 

r6;iii V orojisaMi.. 

roHA^Jia / gondola; — jin^p-b m gondolier. 

roHii m V roHCHe. 

r6Hji va to chase, pursue, run after, fol- 
low after; to drive on; to persecute; — bc- 
jiHKa utjib, to have a great aim in view; 
— HtKoro cb BCHqKa cHjia, to pursue 
one with all one's might; — B-briipa, 
to chase the wind, waste one's time or 
efforts; sjia cmjiGsL Me — hm, evil 
fate is pursuing me; — ce vpr to be 
chased, pursued; to be persecuted; to 
persecute each other; to run (of animals)], 
— HCHC n chasing, pursuing; persecut- 
ing; chase, pursuit; persecution; — hc- 
HCTO Ha espeHTt, the persecution of 
the Jews; — neuHua / tag (game); 
— nem-b pres p; — neHi. ppp; — Hiiji-b 
app; — HMM-b a; — HHMara utjib, the 
aim in view; — HHreJib m pursuer, per- 
secutor. 

ropd / forest, woods; — phctt. a woody, 
abounding in forests, mountainous; — 
pHua, — pHMKa / dim grove, a nice 
little torest; — ckh a forest, wood, mount- 
ain; — CKH CTpa>Kapb, forester, ranger. 

ropAejiHseu-b m a proud or haughty man; 
H ropAejiHBKo. 

ropAejiHBHM'bK-b a dim rather proud or 
vain. 

ropAejiHB'b a proud, haughty; arrogant, 
overbearing, presumptuous; bchhkh 
MpaasiT-b — BHTt, everybody hates 
proud or haughty people; — bo ad 
proudly, proud, arrogantly, haughtily; 
— BocTb /pride, haughtiness, arrogance, 
presumption. 

ropAHes-b a gordian (knot). 

ropA-b a proud; manly, dignified; stately; 
superb, splendid; presumptuous, haugh- 
ty; —jio ad proudly, in a dignified 
manner; haughtily; — ^ocTb / pride; 



dignity; haughtiness; rod e Hauiara 
— AOCTb, he is our pride; — AOCTbra e 
nopoK-b, pride is a vice. 

ropAtH ce vn to be proud, take pride 
in, pride oneself in, to vaunt, boast; — 
CT. oreiecTBOTO ch, I am proud of my 
country; — ene n pride; haughtiness; 
— em-b ce pres p. 

rdpene n, — p^Hi* ppp, — peiu-b pres p 
V ropa. 

rdpeH-b a upper, high, higher; superior; 
top; — eraMci., upper story; — ua u*- 
Ha, high price; — na Apexa, upper coat, 
overcoat; —Ha qacTb, upper part. 

r6peu-b m forester; mountaineer. 

r6peu-b m hop, hops {pot). 

rdpeu^-b, — pniui, pres p v ropH. 

rop^m-b a hot, warm, sultry; burning, 
glowing, parching; ardent, fervent; tor- 
rid (zone) —ma BOAa, hot water; — 
lUO Bp-bMe, hot weather; — lua Kp-bBb, 
warm blood, heated blood; MHoro mh 
e —mo, I feel very hot; —mo cbpA- 
ue, warm heart; —mo JKCiaHHe, 
ardent wish, burning desire; Ka(|)eTO e 
MHoro —mo, the coffee is very hot, 
is too hot; — npHB-bpsanHK-b, a fer- 
vent adherent; —mo e, it is hot; it is 
too hot; — mHH& / heat, sultriness; — 
HHKT> m month of Ju'y; — hhuh pi 
15th-20th of July. 

ropemw va to heat, heat up; — ce vpr 
to heat, grow hot; to grow warm (with 
rage), grow angry, fly into a passion. 

rdpHBo n fuel, fire-wood. 

rdpHe « woods, forests; forestry. 

ropMJia / gorilla. 

ropHjiHme n burning-pile, stake. 

ropHCTb a woody, mountainous (region). 

ropHTe;ieH-b a fuel, used for fuel; inflam- 
mable, combustible; — MaTepHaji-b, 
fuel. 

ropiiua n dim v ropa. 

ropKH a poor, unhappy; — ar-b qoB-feK-b, 
poor man! — aa-b, ah poor me ! woe is me! 
— Kdna m a poor man or woman; — 
KO ad bitterly; inter] alas! woe! — ko 
My, woe is him! poor fellow! 

ropjiHB-b a inflammable, combustible. 

rdpHH a upper, superior; former; above 
said, above mentioned; — HHJi'b, Upper 
Nile; esepo Fopne, Lake Superior; — 
an. naparpa(^-b, the above said para- 
graph; v ropen-b. 

ropHMK-b m boot-leg. 



ropHH;io 



67 



rOCTHJIHHUa 



ropuHjio n furnace, kiln, forge; — Jient a 

smelting-furnace, of furnace. 
ropHHH^ / ridge, hill, elevation; v ep-bx- 

HHHa. 

r6pHHua / upper room, top room. 
ropHiime / upper part, upper end (of a 

waggon ; v ropHHKi>. 
ropHOCT^fl m ermine (zool). 
ropHflKi> m north wind; v oaK. 
ropHHHeu'b V ropeu'b. 
r6poBi> a forest, mountain. 

roposiACTBO V JI^COB-bACTBO. 

ropojidMHHK'b m bad subject, rascal. 

ropcnoM-b m wind-fallen wood. 

ropouBtre n cowslip (bot). 

ropouB-fer-b m lychnis (bot). 

rdpcKH a wood, forest; of woods or for- 
ests; mountain; — crpajKapb, forester, 
wood-ward; — cko CTynaHCTBO, for- 
estry; — cKa CTpana, mountainous 
country, woody place. 

ropraH-b/n larynx, throat, gullet; —hcht. 
a of larynx, laryngeal, guttural (letter). 

ropyni. m v Jiiii6-h. 

ropyxa / garden-cress (bot). 

ropii vn to taste bitter, have a bitter 
taste; —461^. pres p; — mh imp v it 
tastes bitter, it has a bitter taste. 

ropqHB-b a bitter; — .jitK-b, bitter med- 
icine; — KopcH-b , gentian {bot, ; —bo B-b3- 
noMHHaHHe, bitter or painful remem- 
brance; — Ba HCTMHa, sad truth, hard 
truth; — Ba si6-bjiKa, colocynth {bot); 
— HCBHHi, —HHBHHAf bittcmess, bitter 
taste, acrimony; — Ka/ bitterwort (60^;; 
bitters; — bo ad bitterly; — BOCTb / 
bitterness; affliction {fig); — Jio n bitter- 
ness, bitter stuff; sad experience, trial; 
— ua / mustard 

rdpiiK-b a poor, unfortunate, unhappy. 

rdp-fe ad up; above, on high, aloft; on the 
top, at the top; previously; — Taiwb, 
up there, up yonder; — na He6eTO, up 
in heaven, in heavens above; na — , up 
wards; — 40Jiy, somewhere between, 
about; oti, — , from on high; — cnoMt- 
HaTHHT-b, the above mentioned; — 
ptqeHHSTT., the above said. 

ropa va to burn; to brand; vn to burn; 
to smart; — ce vpr to be burned; hhc 
— PHMT. KaivieHH BAirjiHuia, we burn 
or use coal; c'bpA4eTO mh — pH ott> 
jiio6oBb, my heart burns or is burning 
with love; — ^a bh bhah, I long to 



see you; KiRmara — pH, the house is 
on fire; OMHrt mh — tt>, my eyes smart 
or are smarting; — pene n burning; — 
peufb pres p; — p'bji'b ppp. 

rocnoAapyBaiM-b vn to be a master, man- 
age a household; to dominate, rule 
over, reign; to live at ease; — mc n dom- 
inating, ruling over; easy life. 

rocnoaapb m master (of a house), host, 
proprietor; lord, sovereign; — na roc- 
noAapHT-b, Lord of Lords; — pio iwofl, 
my lord; — Ka / mistress, lady (of the 
house); — ckh a master's, of the master; 
sovereign's, of a sovereign; lordly, aristo- 
cratic; ad lord-hke, aristocratically; — 
ctbo n dominion, state, realm; rule, 
power, weal. 

rocnoflHHT. m mister (Mr.); sir; gentle- 
man; — HaaHT. HBaHOB-b, Mr. Ivan 
Ivanoff; mo HCKare —He, what do you 
wish Mr.? what do you want sir? hc 
—He, no sir; AparH —He, dear sir, — ; 
— fla H r->KH, ladies and gentlemen ! — 
nowa / Mistress {Mrs.); lady, madam; 
— wa HaaHoea, Mrs. Ivanova; Apara 
— >KO, dear Madam! th AtNcTsysa 
Karo — JKa, she acts like a lady; — 
n6>KHua / Miss; Madam. 

rocndACTBo n dominion, rule, sway, weal, 
power; predomination, a .cendancy, prev- 
alence; Honour {title). 

rocnoACTByaaM-b vn to dominate, rule, 
lord, reign over; to dominate over; to 
predominate; to prevail; to be prev- 
alent, be in vogue; — ue n dominating, 
ruling; domineering; predominating. 

TocnoAb m God, Lord; —ah BoM<e moH, 
O Lord my God; — Aes-b, — Aen-b a 
God's, Lord's (day), of God, of the Lord; 
— Hara MOJiHTBa, Lord's Prayer; — ckh 
a God's, Lord's (day); lordly; ad pro- 
perly, decently. 

r6cT6a / mess, dish, food. 

rocTCJifdSeu'b m a hospitable person; — 
Ghc n hospitality; — Ka / a hospitable 
woman. 

rocTCJiraSHB-b a hospitable, entertaining; 
—BO ad hospitably. 

rdcTCHe n v roiuaBane. 

rocTeHHHT. m guest, host, visitor; — Ka/ 
lady-guest, lady-visitor; v rocTb. 

rdCTCHT. ppp; a guest (room). 

rocTHJiHHua / restaurant, eating-house; 
coffee-room; — leHT. a restaurant, of a 
restaurant; h ^ocTHHHH^a. 



rOCTHJIl* 



rpa6fl 



rocTH;i-b app v romasaM-b. 

rocTHJiHHq^pb m restaurant-keeper; inn- 
keeper; — CKH a restaurant- keeper's, inn- 
keeper's; restaurant (furniture); — ctbo 
n restaurant business. 

rocTOJUoCHB-b V rocTejiio6MBi>. 

rocTonpH^MCH-b a reception; hospitable 
—Ha (crati), reception-room, drawing 
room; — mcui m hotel- keeper, inn-keep 
er, landlord; receiver of guests; a hos 
pitable person; — kb / landlady; a hos 
pitable woman; — jihsi* a hospitable 
—CTBO n hospitality. 

rocryBaMT. vn to be a guest, stay with, 
be on a visit; —Hen visiting, staying on 
a visit. 

rocT-b m guest, host, visitor; — th, — tc 
pi guests; company; OTHBaiwb na —re, 
to go visiting; c-biwi, na —re, to be on 
a visit, stay on a visit; HMaM-b —re, 
to have company; —re Ha Mafl, tea- 
party; npneMaiM-b —re, to receive vis- 
itors or company; He ch OTHBaMe na 
— -re, we don't visit each other; we are 
not on good terms; —Ha craa, recep- 
tion-room, guest's room, drawing room. 

rocT^saiM'b V roiuaaaM'b. 

roTBdpb, — Bd<ib m cook; — Ka / wom- 
an cook, lady-cook; — HHi;a / kitchen, 
cook-room; — BdpcKH a cook's, of a 
cook; cook (book), cooking (utensils); — 
B^pcTBo n cooking, culinary art, cook- 
ery. 

r6TB{i va to prepare, make ready, get 
ready; to cook, prepare, get (a meal) 
ready; — cBna cm sa ynHJiHute, I am 
preparing my son for school; — 06'kA'b, 
to cook or prepare a dinner, get dinner 
ready; — ce vpr to be prepared, gotten 
or made ready; to be cooked; to pre- 
pare oneself, get ready (for an examin- 
ation); flouio iwy ce — bh, something 
disagreable or bad is in store for him; 
—Bene n preparing, making ready; cook- 
ing (a meal); getting ready (for a journey); 
preparation; cooking: food; — bchI) a h 
ppp cooked; boiled; ready; — semi. 
pres p\ — BH^i-b app. 

roTHiecKH a Gothic; — uipH(})T-b, black- 
letter; — Ka apxHTCKTypa, pointed 
architecture. 

roTdB-b a ready, finished, done; ready- 
made; ready, willing; Apexurt c«. — 
BH, the clothes are ready, finished; — 
bh ApexH, ready-made clothes; aai. 



c-bM-b — , I am ready, am willing, am 
prepared lor (an emergency); — b^hi. m 
ready-reckoner, sluggard, drone, para- 
site; —BO ad readily, ready; all-right; 
m/^r/ ready 1 all right! — nocxb n readi- 
ness, preparedness; willingness. 
romdaaMi. va to treat, entertain, feast; 

— ce vpr to be treated, entertained; to 
treat oneself, have a good treat; — ne 
n treating, entertaining, entertainment; 
feast; h romasKa /, rouienHe n\ — 
B^q-b m tr eater, entertainer, host; roc- 
TCH-b ppp. 

rda va to fatten, stall (0/ animal, etc); 

— ce vpr to be fattened (of pigs, etc); 
to get or grow fat, become corpulent, 
fat or stout; to fatten; — ene n fatten- 
ing; — eH-b ppp fattened; a fat; — eui-b 
pres p; — hjit. app. 

rp&6a V rpe6jio. 

rpd6aM-b V rpa6fl; — 6^q-b m grabber, 
snatcher; abductor. 

rpa6^>K-b m pillage, loot, plunder, rap- 
ine, robbery, spoil; — iKeH-b a of pil- 
lage, of loot, of rapine; — Kdxa, — k5mi> 
ad by grabbing, snatching; predatorily. 

rpaSHTeJib m grabber, robber, pillager, 
plunderer; abductor (of a person , kid- 
napper; — jieH-b a predatory, preda- 
ceous; —ho a predatorily; — ckh a like 
a robber; predatory (instinct); extor- 
tionary (methods); ad predatorily; — 
CTBO n pillage, rapine, plunder; extor- 
tion; — CTByaaiw-b vn to live by plund- 
er; to rob, pillage, plunder. 

rpa6nAB'b a rapacious, ravenous, pre- 
datory; — Ba HTHua, a bird of prey; — 
BO iKHBOTHo, a beast of prey; carni- 
vorous animal; — bo njierwe, predatory 
tribe; — bo a rapaciously, ravenously; 
predatorily; — BocTb a rapacity, raven- 
ousness, predacious habit or instinct. 

rpd6(Hy)BaM'b (-na) va grab, snatch at 
once, wrestle from, pu!I away quick; 
to abduct, kidnap (a person); — ce vpr 
to be grabbed, snatched; to be car- 
ried away; to be abducted, kidnapped; 
pa36oftHHL(H ro — HajiH, robbers have 
abducted him; — nax-b ch manKara h 
CH OTHAOXii, I grabbed my hat and 
went my way; — nax-b ce a.a. Straiwb, 
I took to my heels; — ne n grabbing, 
snatching; abducting; abduction (of a 
person); — nan-b app; — naT-b ppp. 

rp&6a va to rob, sack, pillage, plunder 



rpasHpaMi. 



69 



rpaHHua 



(a city); to|||rifle, ransack (a house); to 
grab, snatch; to prey on; to prowl; to ex- 
tort; — ce vpr to be robbed, sacked, 
plundered; to be rifled, ransacked; to be 
grabbed; — Cene n robbing; grabbing; 
— Gemi. pres p; — Smjit, app. 

rpaBHpaMi> va to engrave, sink, carve out; 
— ce vpr to be engraved; — He n en- 
graving; — Bfldpii m engraver; — BKSpa 
/ engraving, plate; — hi. ppp h a en- 
graved. 

rpaBHT^UHH / gravitation. 

rpaA^UHti / gradation. 

Tpa.a,€iK-b m fence, railing; enclosure; 
partition; building, make, construction. 

rpd^eHe n, — n^uxb pres p v rpaAfi. 

rpaA^ifb m dim small town; a nice little 
town. 

rp^ziHBo n building materials; construction. 

rpaAMJi'b app v rpa^ti. 

rpa^HHa / garden, orchard; park; — Ka /, 
— qe n dim a small garden, a little gard- 
en; rpaACKa — , city park; — ckh a 
garden, ot a garden. 

rpaAHH^pb m gardener; — ckh a garden- 
er's, of a gardener; — ctbo n gardening; 
horticulture. 

rpa.!lo6HTHHHa / damage caused by hail. 

rpaAOHaqdjiHHK'b m city magistrate, sher- 
iff, police-prefect, chief of police; — 
qecKH a police-prefect's, of chief of 
police; —-ctbo n the office of a sher- 
iff or a chief of police; police -prefecture; 
city-court. 

rpdayc-b m degree (of a thermometer); 
— ceHT> a of a degree. 

rpa;i-b m city, town; municipality; rjia- 
BeHT> — , capital, principal or chief 
town; npoBHHi^HajieH'b — , country 
town; — .n6uT> m, — h€ n dim a small 
town; a nice little town; a paltry town; 
—CKH a city (population), town (hall), 
of a city or town; municipal (govern- 
ment). 

rpaAT. m hail; — ;iyuiKa / hail, hail- 
storm; BajiH — , it hails, is hailing. 

rp^AH va to build, erect, construct; to 
fence; — ch K«.iua, to build oneself a 
house; — KyjiH na BT.3j,yxa, to build 
castles in the air; — cBOMTt saKjiK)- 
MeHHH, to form or draw one's con- 
clusions; — ce vpr to be built, erected; 
to be building, be in the process of 
construction; — ^ene n building, erect- 
ing; erection, construction; — iten-b ppp; 



— Aemi. pres p. 

rpdxcAaHHHi* m citizen, inhabitant of a 
city or town; freeman; — ckh a citizen's, 
of a citizen; civil (court), civic (virtue); 
— CKH ApexH, citizen's clothes; ad like 
a citizen, as a citizen should (do); — 
qe rt dim city boy. 

Tpi.M.a.?McrBo n citizenship, municipality; 
citizens; u%jioto — , the entire body 
of citizens, all citizens; — MHCTBeH-b a 
•civil, civic; — A^HCTseHocTb / civic 
virtue, civil state. 

rpa}KAi> m sty, stall, cow-house. 

rpail m melody, air. 

rp^KaiM-b (-Ha) v rpaqa. 

rpaM^Aa / pile, heap; row; stone-hedge; 
— KaiHeHH, a heap of stones; sarpaAen-b 
CT> — , surrounded with a stone hedge; 
TypflM-b Ha — , to pile up in a row; — 
Aen-b a colossal, enormous, immense 
(success); — AnqKa / dim small pile, 
heap or row; — HOCTb/ colossality, enor- 
mousness, immenseness, immensity. 

rpaiM^THKa / grammar; — thkt. /n gram- 
marian; — THqecKH a grammatic, — al; 
ad grammatically; — THqecKH pa36opi>, 
parsing. 

rp^Mora / edict, decree, charter; diploma, 
patent (of nobility). 

rpdMoren-b a literate, one that can read 
and write; — ho a well written; — 
HOCTb / literacy. 

rpaiviyAa / lump (of sugar), cake, chunk. 

rpaM-b m gramme, gram. 

rpandra / bomb, granade, shell; — tchi* 
a bomb (explosion), ot a bomb or shell. 

rpandr-b m garnet (min). 

rpaHAHOsen-b a grand; — ho ad — ly, 
grand; — HOCTb / grandiosity; grandeur. 

rpaHHB-b a rancid, fetid, putrid, spoilt. 

rpaHHS-b a orange (colour), 

rpaHHT'b m granite, granit; — ren-b a 
granite, of granite, granitic. 

rpdHHua / frontier, border, boundary; 
limit; OTHsaM-b saAi) — , to go abroad; 
MHHaBaM-b — ra, to pass the frontier 
(line); to go to extremes; npauiaM-b 
aaAT. — , to send (a criminal) out of 
state; H3jiH3aMi> H3-b — ra na 6jia- 
ronpHJiHqHCTO, to pass the limits of 
propriety; — nHT-fe Ha E-bjirapnti, the 
boundaries of Bulgaria; — qen-b a front- 
ier, boundary (line), border (soldier), 
bordering; of frontier, of boundary. 

rpauMua / v aaSt*. 



rpauHqa 



70 



rpHMca 



rpsHiiqa vn to border on; to limit; to be 
bounded by; — hchc n bordering, touch- 
ing; demarcation; — Mem* pres p. 

rp^HKa / branch, bough, twig; v KJiOH-b; 
— qe n dim, a small branch, twig. 

rpaHb m, — Ka / roll, packet; skein. 

rpanJi vn to taste or smell rancid or 
putrid. 

rpan^cBaMi. vn to grow or become ran- 
cid; —He n growing or becoming rancid; 
— cajiT. ppp H a rancid, putrid. 

rpllna / pock-hole, pock-mark; rash; 

— BT. a rough (surface), rugged, uneven, 
pricky; coarse (voice); —bo a — ly; 
— BHni,- BocTb/ roughness, coarseness, 
prickiness, ruggedness. 

Tpi^a. i column (of a register); — (]}eHi> 
a divided in columns. 

rpatttHTi. m graphite; — ren-b a graphite, 
of graphite. 

rpa(t)iiqecKH a graphic, — al; ad graphi- 
cally. 

rpacp-b m count, earl; — (pHHti / count- 
ess; — CKH a of a count, of an earl; — 
CTBo n earldom; county; — qe n dim 
young count. 

rp^4>ii va to draw lines, to rule. 

rpaxd.n'b m vetch (bot); h rpax6pi>. 

rpaxi) m pea, peas; 3-bpHO — , a pea; siM'b 
— , to eat peas; — xoBHACH-b a pisiform; 
— xoBHHa ' "ea stalk; — xobt. a pe? 
(soup), made of peas. 

rpauHcSseH-b a graceful; —ho a — ly; 
— HOCTb / — ness, grace; h rp^uHsi. 

rpai^Myjiii m v rp-buiwyjii.. 

rpdMa vn to croak, caw, crow; — qene n 
croaking (of a frog), cawing (of crows), 
crowing; croak, caw, crow; - Heuii*' 

rpaui^U-b m dim a pea; a little peas. 

rpe6^ va to scrape (a dish), rake (hay); 
to dip up (water); to paddle, row (a boat); 

— napH, to scrape, rake, take in money; 
KOHbTi. — 6e, the horse is running fast 
gallop; — ce vpr to be scraped, raked; 
to be dipped; — ne n scraping, raking; 
rowing, paddling, oaring, pul ing (a 
boat); dipping (water); — jike, — qKa / 
scraper; —n-b app; — ht. m scraper; 
raker; rower, oarsman, paddler; dipper, 
ladle (spoon); - saM-b cond v rpe6a; 
— C^u-b m rower oarsman; — 6em-b 
pres p; —a6 n rake; oar, paddle. 

rpe6eH^pb m comb-maker; — ckh a 
comb-maker's; — ctbo n comb-making, 
comb-cutting. 



rp^fienCeu)!* m comb; comb (of a cock), 
crest (of a roof), crest or summit (of a 
mountain); heckle, hemp-comb, card 
(for carding wool, etc); — necTb a hav- 
ing a big crest, crested; comblike; pect- 
inated; — HOBHAen-b a crestlike, pect- 
inate, pectinal; — qe n dim small comb; 
a nice little comb. 

rp^6Ha V rpe6a. 

rpeM / beam, rafter, girder, joist, balk; 
corbel; bar; rypflRfb — jiHT-fe na e^HO 
SAaHHe, to set up the wood-work of a 
building; np-bKara — (na Kopafii.), cross- 
beam; >Ke;i'l>3Ha — , iron girder; —w- 
ua, — AHMKa / dim small beam or bar; 
chevron. 

rpesAtfl m bung, stop-cock, tap, crane, 
spigot. 

rpenaAHp'b m grenadier; —ckh a grena- 
dier's, of a grenadier; of the grenadiers. 

rpH6T> m casting-net, fishing-net. 

rpMsa / mane (of a horse); — aecTb a 
having a mane, with mane, long-maned; 
— BHua / dim small mane; a nice little 
mane. 

rpMRHa/ bracelet (ornament); ring, collar; 
rim, felloe (of wheels); — HH4Ka / dim 
small bracelet or ring; a nice little 
bracelet. 

rpHB-b a gray-blue, grayish; diapered, 
spotted; — BOdKi> a gray-eyed. 

rpHBHK-b m ring-dove. 

rpM>Ka / care, anxiety; responsibility; 
trouble, worry; BscMaiH'b — , to take 
care, attend to, bestow care upon; to 
take steps, be prepared for; MajiKO iwe 
e — , I don't care, I don't mind, that 
gives me but little concern; H^MaM-b 
HHKaKBa — , I have no care whatever; 

— ce vpr to care, be anxious, solicitous, 
feel anxious over; to take care, look 
after, watch over; to trouble oneself; to 
attend; to provide for; — ce 3a ce6e ch, 
to take care of oneself, shift for oneself; 

— ce 3a poAHTeJiMT-fe ch, to take 
care of one's parents; ne a.-kHTe ce — 
>KH, don't you care, don't worry about; 
Toft Aa ce — >KH 3a xoaa, that is his 
look out; He — w^re ce aa rosa, don't 
worry about that; don't trouble yourself 
about that; — >KeTe ce Aofipt aa He- 
ro, take good care of him; — >KeHe n 
caring, caring for; worrying; worry, 
care, solicitude, anxiety; — ^Keni, a 



rpHXCJIHBI. 



71 



rpy6^ji 



anxious, worried, sad; — JKcm* ce pres 
p; — Atua'b ce a w ppp. 

rpH>KJiHB'b a careful, painstaking, atten- 
tive; anxious, solicitous; officious; thought- 
ful; —BO ad — ly; — BocTb / — ness, 
solicitude, care, attention, conscientious- 
ness. 

rpHJKOBeHTj a anxious, downcast, wor- 
ried, care-worn, sad; — ho ud anxiously, 
sadly; — hoctb / care, anxiety, worri- 
ness, worry; sadness. 

rpH>K-b m a sleeveless woman's garment. 

rpH3^ va vn to gnaw, nibble, bite, pick; 
to champ; to corrode; to sting, rankle, 
torment; — KOK-bJi-b, to gnaw or pick 
a bone; — 3Av6h ntKOMy, to look 
threateningly at one, bear ill-will, have 
a grudge against one; cbBtcTbra ro 
—36, his conscience torments him; ko- 
HbT-b — 36 ysflara, the horse is champ- 
ing the bit; — ce vpr to be gnawed, 
nibbled, picked; to bite each other; — 
BaiHii cond v rpH3a; — 3d4b m gnawer; 
rodent; wood-beetle (insect); — 3dqH pi 
rodents (zool); — na v rpnsa; — 3eHe 
n gnawing, nibbling, biting, picking (a 
bone); tormenting; — sene na cbB-feCTb- 
xa, remorse; —semi, pres p. 

rpHMaca / grimace. 

rpMHAa / log, joist; —ah pi timber. 

rpMni> m grippe, influenza. 

rpHuiKa / long robe (worn by peasant 
girls . 

rpo6dpb m grave-digger; sexton; — kh 
a grave-digger's; — ctbo n grave-dig- 
ging. 

rpo6T> m grave; tomb, sepulchre; 5o)kh 
— , Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem; Konaa 
H-bKOMy — , to prepare a trap for one; 
BtpeH-b ;io — , ever true, true till death; 
6jiM30 AO —6a, near the grave, at 
death's door; — fiem. a grave, of grave; 
sepulchial; —Ha THuinHa, deadly si- 
lence; — 6Huie n, — SHuia pi grave- 
yard, cemetery; — nnua / sepulchre, 
tomb, shrine; sarcophagus; — 6o-ko- 
ndq-b m grave-digger; — 6o-KpaA6u"b 
m grave-robber. 

rp63a / disgust, nausea; — mm H^e, I 
feel sick, have the nausea. 

rpo3A^pb m seller or pedlar of grapes; — 
Ka a woman-pedlar of grapes; — ckh a 
of pedlar of grapes; —ctbo n pedling 
or selling of grapes; grape-growing. 

rp63Ae n grapes; 6'b.no — , white grapes; 



cyxo — , raisins; — MycKaT-b, mus- 
catel; cfeiwe OT-b — , grape-stone; ot- 
MOBo — , goosberry; KyqeuiKO — , black- 
morel (bot,; KyKyBHUHHO — , harmel 
(bot); — HHua / preserved grapes; — 
Ao66p-b m vintage; — AOBHua / grape- 
brandy. 

rpo3;t'b m bunch (of grapes), cluster; — 
a.iie, — A^Hue n dim a small bunch 
(of grapes); — aobt, a grape (brandy), 
of grapes. 

rp63eH'b a ug!y, ugly-looking, homely; 
deformed; dreadful (look); — qoB'feK'b, 
ugly or homely man; mean person; roaa 
e — , that is terrible ! — HHua / v ox- 
THKa; — HHM'bK-b fl dim quite homely, 
rather homely; — sori/ ugliness, home- 
liness; — THH / ugliness; terrible sight. 

rposniifl vn to grow or become ugly or 
homely; — ene n growing ugly or 
homely; — emi* pres p. 

rpo3H va to make ugly or homely; to 
disfigure, mar, spoil (the effect); vn to 
look bad on, look unbecoming; — ce 
vpr to be made ugly or homely; to be 
disfigured or spoiled; — 3eHe n making 
ugly or homely; disiiguring, spoiling; — 
3em'b pres p. 

rpoM-b V rp-bMt; — K-b a thundering, roar- 
ing, loud; high-sounding, bombastic; — 
KT. rjiac-b, thundering, sonorous voice; 
— Ka ptqb, high-sounding speech; — 
Ko ad loud, loudly, sonorously; with a 
loud voice; like a thunder; — KOCTb / 
loudness, sonorousness; roar. 

rpdxBaMi> (-na) vn to break down, be- 
come decrepit, weak or very old; —He 
n becoming decrepit; decrepitude; — 
H^vTb a decrepit, very old, failing. 

rpouii. m piaster; — h6 n dim piaster 
(coin); — uia, — uiose pi. 

rpySdK-b V rpySWan-b. 

rpy6iidH-b m ruffian, ribald; —ckh a like 
a ruffian; rough, rude; ad roughly, ru- 
dely, churlishly; —ctbo n churlishness, 
roughness, impertinence. 

rpy6T. a rough rsurf"ace\ rude, harsh, 
coarse, churlish, uncivil (person); rough, 
coarse (cloth), gross (manners), uncouth 
(appearance); — 60 ad — ly; roBopa 
—60, to speak harshly or rudely (to 
one); — 6ocTb / roughness; unmannerli- 
ness, impoliteness. 

rpy64fl vn to grow rough, coarse, rude 



rpySsi 



72 



rptxonaAeHHe 



— ene n growing rough, coarse. 

rpy6ti va to treat harshly or roughly; to 
offend, affront; — '6eHe n ill-treatment. 

rpy^a, — Ka / dim v 6yua. 

rpyAJiHB-b a cloddy, lumpy. 

rpyKaM-b (-na) vn to grunt; — hc n grunt- 
ing; grunt; — Haji-b ppp grunted; grunt- 
ing. 

rpyna / group; crowd; period (math); — 
xopa, a crowd of people; ua — nn, in 
groups. In crowds; HsSpana — , select 
group. 

rpynupaM-b va to group; to amass; — 
ce vpr to be grouped; —He n group- 
ing; assorting; —hi. ppp; — pdsKa / 
grouping; assortment. 

rpyxaMfct/ato pound, thrash (wheat, etc); 
— ce vpr to be pounded, thrashed; — 
He n thrashing, pounding. 

rpyxHysaMT, v rpyxBaiw-b. 

rpyxTH vn to grunt (of pigs); — rene n 
grunting, grunt. 

rpyx-b m grain (of salt). 

rpyiKa / chunk, piece, lump. 

rp-i>6jiio m, — Jia /crook-back, hump-back 
(in derision). 

rp-bSHflK-b m spine, back-bone (anat); 
courage (fig); — ie n dim a small 
spine; — qeHT> a spine, of spine; dorsal; 
vertebral (column), vertebrated (animal); 
— qHH WHBOTHH, vertebrated animals, 
vertebrae; — qern. M03T>K'b, spinal mar- 
row; — MCHT. KOK-bji-b, spine, back-bone. 

rp-b6-b m back, back-bone, spine; back, 
back-side (of a thing); hkt. — , strong 
or powerful back; Hocn ua — , to carry 
on one's back or shoulders; ot'b kiiMIi 
— 6a, from or towards the back; oGp-b- 
maM-b —f to turn one's back; to aftront 
or slight (a person). 

rp-bSAaB-b a scraggy, rough, coarse; —bo 
ad — ly; — BHHi / — ness, scragginess. 

rp-bK;iflH'b m larynx, throat, gullet. 

rp'bMBaM'b (-Ha) vavn v r-bpiwa; — h^ti* 
ppp thunder-struck 

rp-bMjiMB-b a thundering, sonorous ^voice), 
ringing; resounding, thunderous; loud, 
noisy; —bo ad — ly, in a loud voice; 
— BOCTb / sonorousness; loudness, vo- 
ciferousness 

rp-bMHyBaiH-b (-na) va to thunder, thun- 
der out; to fire, discharge, shoot (a gun); 
vn to thunder, thunder out (of a can- 
non); — ce vpr to be thundered; to be 
fired, discharged; — ue n thundering; 



firing, discharging; thunder; discharge, * 
shot (of a gun;; —uikTt> ppp; Karo — 
nar-b, as it thunder-struck or stunned. 

rp'bMOB^pjKeu'b m thunderer, god of 
thunder. 

rpiiMorjidcen-b a thunderous, thundering, 
roaring, sonorous (voice), loud, loud- 
voiced; — HO ad thunderously, sonor- 
ously; with a loud voice; — chc n thun- 
der, sonorousness; loudness. 

rp-bM0A6.n-b m trumpet-tongued person, 
thunderer. 

rp-biMOHbceHi. a thunder-bearing, thun- 
derous. 

rp-biHooTBbA'b m lightning conductor or 
rod. 

rp-bMOT^BHua / thunder and lightning; — 
y^apCHt OTT> — , thunder-struck; — 
qcH-b a thunder (clap); thunderous (voice). 

rp'bMorp'bH'b m rest-harrow (bof). 

rp'bM'b m thunder; roar, din, peal; clap; 
y^apen-b or-b — , thunder-struck; — ott. 
nyuiKa, rifle-shot; — ott. annoAHC- 
MCHTH, a thunder of applause; — ott. 
TiR.naHH, peal of drums; — Mbx-b m 
clang, din, peal (of thunder). 

rp-bHUH pi pots, vases; earthen-ware; v 
r-bpnexa. 

rpiiHq^pb m potter; — HHua / pottery; 
— CKH a potter's, of a potter; pottery 
(oven); ceramic (art); — ctbo n pottery, 
trade of a potter; ceramic art; — qe n 
dim a young potter. ■ 

rpicTHHua / tow (of hemp). I 

rp-bCT-b m V rp-biUT.. 

rp-bCTH va to strip (hemp); — ce vpr to 
be stripped; —rene n stripping. 

rp-bUMyji-b V rp-bKjiMH-b. 

rp-bqb V r-bpqb. 

rp-bui-b m handful; maniple. 

rpiKiuaM-b V np'krpiK.uiaiM'b. 

rpiene n, — em^b pres p v rp-feii. 

rp-bsA^lt m pigot, crane; faucet. 

rpiitKa / soothing heat, pleasant tem- 
perature. 

rpifl(Hy)BaM'b (-na) vn to shine on, upon 
(of the sun); M-feceqHHara etuie — 
Hajia, the moon was shining. 

rp-fexoBCHT., — BHTT. o siuful (world); — 
HOCTb / sinfulness, peccability. 

rpixoMi. ad by mistake, erroneously. 

rptxonaA^HHe n falling into sin, sin- 
ning, sin. 



rp-fexora 



78 



ryiwa 



Tp-fexoTi / sin, wrong; — e ott. Bora, 

it is a sin before God; — e ^a BT.p- 
uiHTC TOBa« it is wrong (it is a shame) 
to do this thing. 

Tplixi. tn sin; trespass, transgression; 
wrong, injustice; HenpocTHivn. — , un- 
pardonable sin; — e ^a roBopHTe T-bH, 
it is a sin to talk thus; rofl Htiwa hh 
— HH cpaiMi., he fears neither God nor 
man; npassi — , to sin, commit a sin. 

rptui^ vn to sin, commit a sin, trespass, 
transgress; to err, be mistaken, commit 
a fault; — npoTHB-b Bora, to sin against 

God; — npOTHB-b BOWHHTt SaKOHH, 

to transgress the laws of God; bhc — 
UHxe TyKa, you are mistaken here, 
you err here; — uiene n sinning, tres- 
passing, transgressing; erring; transgres- 
sion; — lueiu-b pres p; — uiHji-b ppp. 

TpiuieH-b a sinful; iniquitous, wicked; 
guilty; — cBtTT., sinlul world; —Ha 
AyiMa, sinful or wicked word; bchhkh 
c*. — HH, all are sinful, or guilty of 
sin; — HO ad sinfully; —ho e imp v it 
is a sin, is sinful or wicked. 

rptuiKa / mistake, fault, error, oversight; 
neMarna — , printer's mistake, typo- 
graphical error; npasti — , to make a 
mistake, to err; sne HMare — , you are 
mistaken, are in the wrong; 6t3-b — 
KM, without any mistakes or errors; — 
HHua / dim small error, a tiny little 
mistake. 

rpiuiHHK-b m, — ua / sinner, transgressor, 
trespasser; damned soul; — qe n dim a 
little sinner; — qecKH a sinner's, of a 
sinner; ad like a sinner. 

rp-feji va to heat, warm, make warm, 
make hot; to chafe; to bask (in the 
sun); vn to shine on, upon {of the sun); 
— BOAa, to heat up water; c;n>HneTO 
— e, the sun shines or is shining; — ce 
vpr to be heated, warmed; to warm 
oneselt; to bask oneself (in the sun); 
— nq-b m heater; — ene n heating; warm- 
ing; basking; shining (of the moon); — 
CHT. ppp; — em-b pres p; rptjit ppp. 

rpHAeut-b — ;iym'b a coming (generation), 
future. 

rpA.;ib / breast; bosom; — acht. a breast 
(collar), pectoral, thoracic (vein), chest 
(disease), of the chest; — ACHb Koui-b, 
the chest; — ACCTb a big-chested, large- 
breasted, broad-chested; —ah pl breasts; 



chest, bosom; neck and shoulders; 
cb uiHpoKH —AH, broad-chested or 
big- chested, broad-shouldered; ot6h- 
BaiH-b ott. —AH, to wean (a child); 
npHTHCKaiM-b Ao — AHT'fe CH, to press 
to one's breast; raa bt. — aht* ch, to 
cherish in one's bosom. 

ry6a / leaf of dough; rind, crust. 

ry6eHe n, — 6euii> pres p v ryfiji. 

rydno n guano. 

ry66pKa / pack-needle, large needle. 

ry6epHdTopb m governor; — ckh a gov- 
ernor's, of a governor; gubernatorial; 
— CTBo n governorship. 

ryS^pHHH / province, district. 

ryCep-b m v KHJiHM-b. 

ry6H-AeHb m wasting of time, time- 
wasted. 

ry6HAliJiHHK-b m idler, lazy fellow. 

ry6H;iHme m scaffold. 

ryfiHTejib m destroyer; waster (of time), 
loser (of a game); — JiCH-b a wasting, 
wastful, pernicious. 

ry6$i va to lose (a thing), waste (one's 
time); — ch yiwa, to lose one's mind 
or wits; — CH Bp-feMCTO, to waste one's 
time away; roll MHoro — 6h c-b TOBa, 
he loses a great deal by this; — ce 
vpr to be lost, be wasted; to lose one- 
self (in a crowd), get lost;; — ceBi. 
MHCJiH, to get lost in one's thoughts; 
— 6eHe n losing; wasting; — 6em"b 
ores p; — Chat. app. 

ryrjia / fur-hat; capoch, capouch, cowl; 
-nuna f dim smal fur hat or ca- 
pouch. 

rysepH^HTKa / governess. 

ryryKaiMT. vn to coo; —He n cooing; coo. 

ryryTKa / turtle dove. 

ryntAaMT, v TypsiMi.. 

ryacHi. a guilty, suspicious; — ho ad 
guiltily, suspiciously; — HOCTb / guilt- 
ines suspiciousnes. 

ryKaM-b (-na) v ryryKaiwb. 

ryjiduib m bull head (fish). 

ryjieuiT. m tadpole (zool). 

ryAJKyK-b m shor ttail; chunky fellow, 
dwarf. 

ryjiMM / v ro.nH{i. 

ryjiaa vn to carouse, revel, feast, enjoy 
oneself; — ene n revelling, feasting, de- 
bauchment; —emb pres p; —jiM m re- 
very, carouse; debauchment. 
ryiwa / rubber; eraser —Mem. a rubber 
(gloves), of rubber, of caoutchouc. 



ryMHjiaKi> 



74 



rbpAecTb 



ryMHJi&K-b m gum-lac, gum-lacca. 
ryMHJiicTHKa / gum elastic, caoutchouc. 
ryMHO n thrashing-floor; h ryMHHiue. 
ryp66TT> mt v crpaHCTBO. 

rypryjiHKaM'b vn to coo {of pigeons), 
chirp; — hc n cooing; chirping; —ua, 
BHita, — pHua / turtle-dove; — qKa 
/ dim young turtle- dove, a nice little 
turtle-dove. 

rypr3^TKa /v rypry;iHua; — qnua / dim v 
rypryjiMMKa. 

rypeA'b m rheum, gum, dried mucus. 

rypenif B-b a blear-eyed, blear, gummy; — 
Ko m blear-eyed person. 

rypeflacBaiMT. vn to become blear or 
blear-eyed; to be covered with hard- 
ened mucus; —He n becoming blear; 
blearedness; — cajn^ ppp h a blear, blear- 
eyed. 

rypKaM-b (-na) va to dip, plunge in, into 
(water); — ce vpr to dip, plunge, sink; 
—He n plunging, dipping; — Han* ppp. 

t-^CJia / dulcimer; — jidpb m dulcimer 
player; fiddler. 

ryuaiMT. vn to coo {of pigeons); to grunt 
(of pigs); —He n cooing; grunting; 
grunt. 

ryuia / gullet, crop (of birds); wen, goiter; 
double-chin; neck; xyGaea ryuia, a fi.ie 
neck; cb n-bjina — , with lull throat, 
gullet or with large crop {of birds); xsa- 
mani* 3a — , to seize by the throat; 
cnycKaMi> n-femo a-b — , to put some- 
thing in one's throat, take a bite; lOBtK-b 
Cb — uiH, a goitrous or wenny person; 
— secT-bf — BT. a wenny, goitrous, wen- 
nish; — bcut. m goitrous person; heron 
(bird); — Ka, — uiHua / small throat, a 
fine little neck (of women); twining-reed; 
skein; — Jiio m v ryuiaeeui.; — uicctl 
a having a double-chin; h ryuias'b. 

ryuia (-na) va to huddle, nestle; — ce 
vpr to huddle, nestle, lie snug {of birds); 
— uiene n huddling, nestling; lying 
snug; — HaTT> ppp; a snug. 

ryuiepb m lizard; inflammation of the 
tongue (in cattle); — Me n dim small lizard; 
a pretty little lizard. 

r-bBKas-b a pliant, elastic, flexible, sup- 
ple; virgate (bot); tractable; —bo ad 
pliantly, elastically, flexibly; — BOCTb / 
pliancy, flexibility, suppleness. 

r-b^jejit v riRiieji-b. 

F'bjiraM'b va to swallow, swallow down; 
to devour; — ce vpr te be swallowed; 



—He n swallowing; swallow; 

V rji'bTKa; — natT. v rn'bTHar'b. 

r-bjiqd va to scold, reprimand, lecture (a 
person); vn to talk, make noise; to mut- 
ter; — ce vpr to be scolded, to be 
muttered; — «ih ce imp v it is talked 
about, it is rumoured, there is a rumour. 
— qene n scolding, reprimanding ; talk- 
ing, making noise; — lemi. pres p.; 

r-bJi-b-r-bjiT. interf bubble-bubble! 

r'b;iiK.6^P'b m pigeon-fancier ; — nHK-b m 
dove-cote, dove-house, pigeon house; 
— CKH a pegeon-fancier's. 

r'bJi^6-b m pigeon, dove; AHB-b —, wood- 
pigeon; — Mofl, my dove ! — 6Hua / 
female pigeon, hen pigeon; dove, dar- 
ling; — 6oB-b a pigeon, of pigeon; dove's; 
— He n dim young pigeon; darling. 

r'bM>Ka vn to swarm, teem with; yjiH- 
UHT-b — T-b Cb xopa, the streets are 
thronged with peope; — wene n teem- 
ing, swarming; —JKcm-b presp; — >khjio 
n swarm (of bees), throng (of people). 

r-buaz/a to fold (paper), double up, gath- 
er up; to wrinkle; — ce vpr to be 
folded; to fold oneself; — Hene n fold- 
ing; —H^ia.-\, pres p\ — Ka / fold, crease 
(in a garment); gather, wrinkle (of 
the brow). 

r-bpdaB-b a bowed down, bent down 
(with age), stooping; stoop-shoulderd, 
crook-backed, hump-backed, hunch- 
backed; — aHq-KKT. ad dim alitte bowed 
down, stooping; —bo ad bowed down, 
bent down, stoopingly; — BOCTb / 
gibbosity, gibbousness. 

rbpedr-b a humped, hump-backed, hunch- 
backed (person); e;iHO — xa KaiMHJia, 
one-humped camel. 

r-bpSecTTi a v r-bpSaBi.. 

npe-b m back; v rp-bS-b; — 6dqb m whip, 
lash; — 66JIKO m hump-back, crook- 
back, hunchback; —66, — C^Hue n, 
— e^uT. m dim a nice little back, dear 
little back; — eeuiKdiwb ad backwards, 
with the back first, with the back; 
— 6Hua / hump, hunch; protuberance. 

r-bpea ce vn bend, bow, stoop, hunch; 
to bend oneself down; — 6eHe n bend- 
ing down, stooping; cringing. 

r-bprojiiiua / v rypryxKa. 

r-bprdpH vn to gurgle, bubble, cluck {of 
the stomach); — pene n gurgling, bub- 
bling; gurgle; cluck; — pemT> pres p. 

^'bp;^ecTfa a big-chested, broad-breasted. 



r-bpHJiani* 



75 



r;RpAa 



rbpRJi^Hi* m larynx, throat; gullet. 

^fcpJIH^e n caster-giant (60^). 

r&p;iHi;a / v rypryxKa. 

ripjio n throat, gullet; neck (of a bottle); 
AHxarejiHO— , throat pipe; 6ojiHMe— t 
I have a sore throat; rojitiwo -^j big- 
eater; cHjiHo — , a powerful voice; — 
jieH-h a throat (disease), of the throat; 
guttural (letter), jugular, laryngean; — 
jiecT-b a having a big throat; strong- 
voiced, sonorous; bawling (person); — 
JiHua / croup (in pigs). 

rbpiM^Wb m thunder, thundering; gun- 
-shot; clap; TonoBCH-b — , cannon shot. 

r'bpM^BHua / thunder, volley, rain of 
shots. 

rbpMH ce imp v it thunders, it is thun- 
dering; some one is firing a gun. 

rbpMJIUB-b V rp-hMJIHS-b. 

rbpMorjidceH'b a thundering, thunderous, 
sonorous (voice); rp-bMorjiaccHi.; — ho 
ad thunderously, with a thunder. 
rbpMH va to fire, discharge (a gun); vn 
to thunder, roar, bellow; to shout, make 
noise; r-fe — iwfexa nocTOHHHO cpemy 
HenpHHTeJiti, they kept on firing against 
the enemy; cTHra ere — M-feiiH, stop 
making noise; cnaBara My — mh Ha 
BC-feKA.;it, his glory is ringing every- 
where; — ce vpr to thunder; — iwene n 
thundering (of cannons), firing (of guns); 
shouting, shout; roar; bellowing; — 
— Mem-b pres p\ — iw-tji-b app. 

r-bpH^ n earthen-pot, jar, mug; pipkin; 
ToH e BT. Bc-^Ko — H MepoziHfl. he 
is poking his nose everywhere; — H^Hue 
n dim small pot; vase; a pretty little pot. 

r&pqas-b a lean, lank, scraggy, skinny, 
— BHH^, — BocTb / leanness, lankness; 
emaciation. 

np^aB-bfl vn to grow thin, lank; to ema- 
ciate, pine away; — ene n growing thin 
or lank; emaciating; emaciation; — 
euxT. pres p. 

r-bpn-b m twitch, twitching, contraction; 
spasm; — Ma va to shrivel, contract 
(the nerves); to coil; — la ce vpr to 
shrivel, shrink (from fear); to twitch, 
contract, have the spasms; to be con- 
tracted; — nene n shrivelling; twitching; 
spasms; — qem'b pres p. 

rboji-b mt v 6jiaTO. 

rbOH-b mt V sole; sole-leather, thick 
leather. 

ridSpe mt v rop-b. 



noBesHeH-b a dark-red (colour). 
noBeuAHH ft a Hindoo gypsy woman;: 

a street walker. 
nojiii mt V po3a, TpeHAa(})Hji-b; — 
jiOBHua / rose-brandy; — jiobo Macjio^. 
attar or otto of roses. 
rioMpyK-b mt v mhto. 
rioM'b mt copper pitcher. 
rioHAejiHK'b mt v naAHHua. 
nopyjiTHH ft V uiyiM-b, sptBa 
rHBOJiHn V jiaBOjma. 
rnypHH-b mt giaour. 

rA6a/ mushroom, fungus; spunge, sponge;. 
yrpoBHa — , toad-stool; eptaoBa — , 
tinder, touch-wood; noKpHT-b cb — 6h, 
filthy; — 6aBT. a fungous; filthy; — Sem.,. 
— SoB-b a mushroom (saladj, of mush- 
rooms; spungy, spungious (matter); — 
CecTT, a spungy, spungious, spungiform; 
6Hua, 6H«iKa / dim a small mush- 
room; small spunge: — 6oBiijieH"b a 
spungiform. 
riRfiHCBaiHT. vn to be or get covered with 
fungus, grow mouldy; to grow filthy; 
—He n moulding; mould; growing filthy; 
— caji-b a H ppp covered with fungus,, 
grown mou'dy; (grown) filthy. 
r«.rflHBM v r;K.rHa. 
r^rjiHiue n v n>M>KHJio. 
rArua vn to stutter, stammer; — hchc n 
stuttering, stammering; stutter; — Hem-K 
pres p; — jiw m stutterer, stammerer. 
FAirJiHB-b a stuttering, stammering; —bo 
ad — ly; — BOCTb/ stutter, stuttering. 
r;Rrpii va vn to prattle, tattle, chatter, 
prate; — pene n prattling, babbling; 
prattle, babble; —pem-b pres p; — pHua 
/, — peuT. m chatterer, prattler. 
r«.;iejiHMKaM-b va to tickle, titillate; — 
HeroBOTO mecjiaBHC, to tickle his 
vanity; — ce vpr to be tickled; — ne n 
tickling, titillating; tickle, titillation. 
r;K.fleji-b m tickle, tickling, titillation; mho- 

ro me e — , I feel very ticklish. 
rAflyjiKa / fiddle; — Jiapb m fiddler. 
r;^>KBa / till-tug, rope-ring, band (made 

of rope or withes. 
rAsep-b m butt-end, dull end; bottom. 
rAia-b m anus (anat) rump, buttocks; 
behind, ass (pop,, — a^Hue n dim; — 
seuiKOM-b ad backwards; — HHKb m 
rectum. 
r«.K-b inter/ hush! not a word! 
r;Rpfla / breast; —m pi breasts, breast; 
bosom; v rp^AH. 



76 



AasaMi. 



rxic^HHua / palmer-worm; caterpillar; — 
^eHl> a palmer, caterpillar. 

TJkcKR f goose, female goose; — c^K-b, — 
cdK-b m gander, male goose; — 'Cilpb n 
goose-tender, goose-herd; — c4, — h6 n 
dim gosling; — uih a goose (skin), of a 
goose; — HHua / dim a nice little goose. 

TACT-b a thick, dense (forest); bushy; — 
B-b3Ayx-b, dense air; —to mji^ko, thick 
or rich milk; — >Ta Koca, thick hair; — 
TH BCiKAH, bushy eyebrows; — tAkt., 
— Ta^^K-b m thicket, jungle, bushes; — 
tmhA / thickness; — TH>ii>Kb n dim 
rather thick, somewhat thick; — thmko 
ad dim a little thick; —to pdcTeiuiif 
growing thickly or closely; —to ad 
thickly, thick; densely, closely; — tot6 
/ thickness, density (of air), denseness. 

r«.CT4ii vn to grow thick or dense; — 
eae n growing thick or dense, thicken- 
ing; — eiui* pres p. 

rAcTfl va to thicken, make thick; to con- 
dense; — reue n thickening; — Teucb 
pres p. 

TATaM-b va to turn over, overturn, upset 
(a waggon); — ce vpr to be turned 
over, upset, overturned; to turn over, 
overturn; —He n turning over, over- 
turning, upsetting; — narb ppp. 

r^iuH a goose (flesh), of a goose. 



Aa ad yes; — , pa36Hpa ce, yes, of course; 

— h;ih He, yes or no; — r-HC, yes sir; 

— r-jKo, yes madam. 

Aa conj if; that; whether; lest; — ctm-b 
Ao(Sp-b, 6HX'b Aouiejib, if I were well, 
I would come; — jih — ne, whether 
or no; — ne 6h, lest; — ne th e jio- 
ino, are you sick? — aoHac mo me, 
come what may; — My ce He na- 
r^eAam-b, so pretty as not to be able 
to keep one's eyes off from him (or it); 

— HJiH HCKa aoHac, let him come. 
Aa prep to {with infinitives and subjunct- 
ives); KaiKere My — aoHac, tell him 
to come; — JKHB-bn hjih — He >kh- 
8*11, to live or not to live; no-Ao6p-fe 

— He AOxa^Aam-b, I'd better not come; 

— iKHBte KpajibTi, long live the king? 
no-Ao6p-b dtiue — ne cbM-b xchbi, 



it would have been better for me to be 
dead. 

AaaaAiKHa mt v Hcreui*. 

A^aaM-b va to give; to bestow, present, 
grant, confer; to yield, produce; to set; 
— ypouH, to give lessons; — CM'feTKa, 
to give an account; — Aa paafiepe, to 
make (one) understand; — aanoB-bAb, 
to order; — ch eajKHOCTb, to give one- 
self airs; — npaso ntKOMy, to give 
one credit; to approve; — CjiaroAape- 
HH«, to return thanks; — ch rpyA** 
to take trouble, trouble oneself, take 
pains, make efforts; — nosBOJicHHe, to 
give or grant a permission; — noAa- 
piK-b, to make a present; — Ha B-bpa, 
to give on credit; — npHMtp-b, to set 
an example; aa-b me — orrOBop-b, I 
shall be responsible for, shall give an 
answer for; — crenenb, to confer a 
degree (on a person); k^kbo bh — Ba 
Kx.maTa, what does the house bring 
you? — KjiCTBa, to take an oath, be 
sworn; ne — Aa mh ce B-bspaauBa, I 
don't allow one to answer me back; I don't 
wish to be interrupted in debate;; — 
xoAii Ha pa6oTa, to set an affair go- 
ing; — CH >KHBOTa 33 OTCieCTBOTO, 

to give or stake one's life for one's 
country; — 3a qHpaK-b, to apprentice; 
Bon. Aa —AC BctKowiy cnopeAi> >Ke- 
jiaHHeTO, Ood grant (to) each one accord- 
ing to his wishes; — cnna ch B-b yqH- 
jinme, to place one's son in school; — 
qecTHa AyMa, to give one's word, pledge 
one's word; — n-bJiHOMomno, to em- 
power {law); — Ha 3aeM'b, to lend 
(money); — BHHMaHHe, to pay atten- 
tion, give heed; AaHre mh qauia BOAa, 
give me a glass of water; — ce vpr 
to be given; to give oneself; to give in, 
surrender; to suffer or allow oneself; — 
ce noAi. HaeM-b, to be let {of a house), 
be for rent; Aaflre ch KypaiKi., take cour- 
age; — Ba ce noAi. naeiH-b craa, room 
to let; He ce — Ba JiecHO, he is not eas- 
ily caught or to be taken in; — Ba My 
ce B-b3Mo>KHOCTb, he is given or of- 
fered an opportunity; HMKaKii ne My 
ce — Ba, he does not feel like giving, 
he is too stingy; — ne n giving; offer- 
ing, granting; 3HMaHe — ne, business; 

H-feMaMli HHKaKBO 3HMaHe — He Cb 

Hero, I have nothing to do with him; 
—He noAi. HaeMT., letting, renting; — 



AaBCHe 



77 



AapOBHTb 



HHti / taxes, tribute, taxes; —Bin'hm 
giver; — HHHi / tax, taxation, tribute. 

jiiaene n, — Beu<i> pres p, — eiiJi-b app 
V AaBH. 

AaBHti ft suit, action, law -process. 

;idBHauieH'b a old, ancient, of old, remote 
(times). 

Aaeji^HHe n pressure, strong influence. 

jl&BHO ad long ago, long since; — HOCTb 
/ remoteness, antiquity; limitation; pre- 
scription (/«/•). 

H&BH va to strangle, choke; to drown; — 
ce vpr to be strangled, choked; to be 
drowned; to strangle, choke or drown 
oneself; to play rough-house {of child- 
ren); — Bene « strangling (with a rope), 
choking or stifling (with smoke), drown- 
ing (in water); — BemT> pres p. 

A^AeH-b a H ppp given; bt. — hhh Cfly- 
Hatl, in the given case, in the present 
instance; —ho my e Aa e poSi., it is 
his lot to be a slave. 

A^AHa dim v AaBaM-b. 

A^WAHe n tax, impost, taxes; taxation; 
tallage, tillage; v Aan-bK-b. 

AarepoTHn-b m daguereotype (phys). 

A^>Ke ad even; — aKO, even if, even 
though. 

AasH-M^T-bpt m dasymeter {phys . 
\ Aaflj — TC pi imper v AasaMii. 
* A^THJi-b m dactyl; — jiHsecKH a dac- 
tylic. 

AajidK-b m spleen, milt; — h^bt., — mhbt, 
a spleenish, affected with spleen; — 
qcHT. a spleen, of the spleen; splenetic, 
hypochondriac. 

Aaji^KO flrffar, far off, faraway, distantly; 
much, by far; too far; toM e — ott. 
Mene, he is far from me; apTj^tc ce 
— , keep at a distance; ot-b — , from 
afar, at a distance; kojiko — , how far? 
He MHoro — , not very far; Kypmy- 
M-bT-b OTHAe — , the bullet went far 
or too far; toH e — no-AOCToeH-b or-b 
6paTa CH, he is by far a better man 
than his brother. 

Aa;ieKorji^AeH-b a far-sighted, perspica- 
cious; — HO a — ly; — hoctb / — ness, 
perspicacity; presbytia; — rji^A'b m 
opera-glass. 

Aaji^Ki}, —Me ad v AajieKO. 

Aaji^ien-b a far-distant, far, remote, dis- 
tant; — poAHHHa, a distant relation; 
— n«.Tb, long journey; — hhhA, — 



HOCTb / farness, remoteness; distance; 
antiquity. 

Aaji^q-bKii a dim far-distant, remote; v 
AajieMeHi. 

AajiH conj whether, if; — nnn ne, whether 
or no; cbiMHHBaM-b ce — me cnojiyqa, 
I doubt if I succeed; — Aa AoflAa, shall I 
come; — re yAapsi, shall I strike you? 
AajiH? shall I? 

Aaji-b app V AaBaM-b. 

A^Ma / lady, dame; — ckh a lady's, wo- 
man's. 

AaMaA)K^H-b mt large bottle; jug. 

AaMasji-bK-b mt home-breed. 

Aaiwajiyn. m native plough 

AaiMacKHHa /; ca6si — , damask sword» 
damaskin. 

AaMrd // V 6'kji'bn>. 

AaMji^ ft V npHnaA-bK-b. 

AaiH-b V AaBaiHii. 

Aanraji^K-b m a clumsy fellow, a doltish 
person, blockhead. 

A^HHa / datum; — hh pi data. 

Aano conj o that, would that; — Aa 6-fex'b 
yMptji-b, would that I were dead; ca- 
MO — nocM-feere, I wish you did only 
venture (to do it); — Aa crana an- 
rejib, I wish I were an angel; — Aa 
ce cpemneM-b naK-b, I hope we may 
meet again! 

AaHTHCTT. m dentist. 

A^H-bKb m tax, taxes, duty, rate, impost; 
noseMjien-b — , land tax, ground tax; 
Kocaen-b — , excise; — antpxy aana- 
THC, poll-tax, income-tax; o6;iaraM-b ci» 
— , to tax, impose a tax on; — ko- 
njiar^U-b m tax-payer; — qem. a tax- 
ation (system), of taxation; rate (book). 

AaHb / V AaHiiKi*. 

A^pa / tare {com); — h aaryCa, tare and 
tret. 

AapdKii mt carding comb, curry-comb, 
carding machine; — qiiH m carder; — qiill- 
CTBO n carding; — qa va to card, comb 
(wool), curry. 

A^p6a / gift, talent; ro^i-biua — , great 
talent or gift; qoetKi. Seai, — , a per- 
son with no talent, ungiited man; v 
Aap-b; — 6Hita, — CnqKa / dim a little 
talent; a particle of talent. 

Aap^Huen donation; endowment; present, 
gift. 

AapHTCJib m donor, giver. 

Aapividnii m large sieve. 

AapoBHTit a gifted, talented, endowed 



AapoHOCHua 



78 



ABH>KHM'b 



with talent; — TOCTb / talent, capabi- 
lity, endowment. 

napoHdcHua / ciborium. 
jiapysEMi. va to give, present with, make 
a present of; to donate, endow; to grant, 
confer; — HtKOMy >KHBOTai to pardon 
one's life; aKo Bor-b mh — »a xcHBOT'b, 
if God grants me life; — ce vpr to be 
presented with, be given a present, be 
granted, bestowed; to make oneself a 
present of; — hc n giving, making a 
present of; donating, endowing; — bAhhc 
n donation, gift; talent, ability, genius; 
—HI. ppp. 

jiapmiHi> m v Kanejia. 

Aapii m gift, present; gift, talent, capa- 
bility, genius; — cjiobo, gilt of speech; 
BoiKH — , God's gift, divine gift; — p6- 
BeHi. a intended as a gift; — poM-b ad 
ireely, gratis, gratuitously; for nothing; 
— CTseHT. a given, gratuitous; donation, 
of a donation; — 4e n dim a Httle gift; 
a nice little gift. 

AapHsaiM-b vu v AapysaMi*. 

McKaji-b mt v yHHTejib; — jiysaM-b v 
yqHTeJiCTBysaM-b; — qe n dim v yiH- 
xejme. 

fldra / date (time). 

A^TCJieH-b a dative (case). 

AaTMpaM-b vd to date; — ce vpr to be 
dated; — ae n dating; — ht. ppp h a 
dated (letter), having a date. 

Aa(})Hna / laurel, bay-tree; — HOB-b a 
laurel (branch), of laurel. 

A^(})HH (jii>>KOBHa) / mezereon, spurge 
laurel {bot). 

AanuHe n giving, gift; donation. 

ABa nam m two; — MOstKa, two men; 
vflB-fe; — no — , two by two, in twos; 
BciiKH — ACHa, every two days; bi — 
AHH, within two days. 

jlBaAeceTOroAHuieH-b a twenty-year, of 
twenty years; — HHHa / twentieth an- 
niversary. 

^BaAeceTOM;i^}KHe n icosandria {bot). 

aBaAeceTOCT-feHeH-b a icosahedral; — 
HHK-b m icosahedron. 

jXBaAeceTOmr'bJieH'b a icosagonal. 

AB^AeceTb num twenty; — Jiesa, twenty 
francs: — th a twentieth; — Tuna, 
— THiwa, twenty, about twenty persons; 
ABrycTi. — TH, August the twentieth. 

^Ba>K/ii> ad twice, two times; — no — , 
two times two. 

ABaivia, — MHHa num two, two persons; 



H — ra, both of them. 

ABaHaAeceTHHa num about twelve per- 
sons. 

ABaHaAec^THHK-b m duodenum {anat). 

ABaHaAeceroroAHuieH-b a twelve-year, of 
twelve years, twelve years (old). 

ABaHaAeceTOM;K.}KHe n dodecandria (60/). 

ABaHaAeceTOCT-bHHHK-b m dodecahedron. 

ABaHaAeceTo;K^r-bJiHHK'b m dodecagon 
igeom). 

ABaH^AeceT-b num twelve; — th a twelfth; 
HHyapH— TH, January the twelfth (12th); 
— TH no peA'b, twelfth in order; — Ta 
qacTb, twelfth part, one twelfth. 

ABepi> m V BpaTa; — pn pi. 

ABHr^Te^b m mover, propeller, impeller, 
motor; promoter; incentive (power); abo- 
CH-b BHHTOB-b — , twin-screw propeller; 
rjiaaen-b — , prime-mover (in an un- 
dertaking); — jiCH-b a motive (power), 
moving, propelling. 

ABHMca va to move, put or set in mo- 
tion; to keep on moving or in motion; 
to stir, agitate, arouse; ne AtflTC ro 
— >KH, don't move it, don't stir it; — 
>K^Te ro nocTOHHO, keep it mov- 
ing; — ce vpr to move, stir, be in mo- 
tion; to be moved, stirred; MaiuHHara 
ce—)KH6aBHO,the engine moves slowly; 
— ce iweiKAy BHcoKaTa Kjiacat to move 
in high society; toH hc ce — >kh jiecHO, 
he is hard to move, he moves with dif- 
ficulty; KyqcTO CH — >KH onauiKaTa, 
the dog is moving or wagging its tail; 
Tott ce CABaiw-b — >kh bt* JierjioTO, he 
can hardly move or stir in his bed; — 
wene n moving; stirring; motion; — 
MceHi. ppp; — Htemi. pres p\ — jkhjit. 
app. 

ABHW^HHe n motion, movement, movmg; 
move, stir; agitation; rotation, rotatory 
motion; gesture; exercise; traffic; na- 
poAHO — , national movement; o6paT- 
HO — , retrograde motion; —na Kp-bBb- 
Ta, circulation; paBHOM-bpHO — , uni- 
form motion; ycKopHTejiHO — , acceler- 
atory motion; npaBH rojitiwo — , to 
make a great stir; TypaM-b B-b — , to 
set in motion, set agoing; Tofl He na- 
npaBH HHKaKBO — , he made no move 
or stir whatever, he did not move at 
all; Tofl roBopH cb —a, he speaks 
with gestures. 
ABH>KHMi> a movable; —mo iiMymecTBO, 
movable estate, chattels; — mocTb / 



ABHxcym-b 



Aefie.iHHa 



movableness, mobility; movables, mo- 
vable property. 

ABHMCyiU'b V ABHiKeUCb. 

ABoeCpdqeHT. a bigamous; — mhc n bi- 
gamy. 

ABoerjiiLB-b a AByrjias-b. 

ABoerH'fe3AeHi> a bilocular, two-celled. 

ABoeA<)MeH-b a diclinous. 

ABoesHqen-b a .double-tongued; — mhc n 
duplicity {fig). 

jtBoejiHK-b, — qeni* a double-faced; de- 
ceitful; — qne n — ness, duplicity; — 
jiHqHO ad in a double-dealing manner, 
deceitfully. 

jlB6eHe n, — emT» pres p v aboh. 

ABdeH-b a double, doubled, two-fold, duple, 
duplicate; twin; geminous {bot); binary 
(number); — flua u-feBb, double-barrel 
{gun); — ttHa spara, folding-door; — Hhh 
nposopuH, double-windows; — bhh- 
TOBT. ABHrareJib, twin screw propeller; 
— flna JiHqHOCTb, double ego or per- 
sonality; — JiHO ad doubly; double; twice 
as much. 

ABoepor'b a two-horned, double-horned. 

ABoep;R.Ki> a two-handed, bimanous. 

ABoecjioweH-b, — -cpHqeH-b a dissyllable. 

ABoerdHHe n colon {gram). 

ABOH a V ABoeH-b. 

ABOHua num. two persons, two. 

AB6HKa / couple, match; deuce ^in cards); 
two; Tfe c«. np^KpacHa — , they are 
a fine couple; HMaM-b — no reorpa- 
<|JHH, I have two in geography. 

ABbltHH a V ABoeH-b. 

ABoflcTBeH-b a double, dual; — Hocxb / 
duality, doubleness; duplicity (of cha- 
racter). 

ABop^U-b m court, palace; dim a small 
yard; — uoB-b a court (official;, palace, 
of court, of palace; palatial (manners). 

ABOpii ni yard, courtyard, court; k*.- 
luara HMa xyeaa-b — , the house has 
a beautiful yard; uapcKH — , king's 
court or palace; — pen-b, — poB-b a yard, 
of yard; — puu^e « a big yard; court- 
yard; —HO M-fecTO, yard room; — ckh 
a court, palace, palatial, of court, of 
palace. 

ABopHHHHi> m nobleman, gentleman, noble; 
— Ka / noblewoman, lady; —ckh a 
noble's, of a noble; noble (extraction), of 
nobility; ad like a noble; — ctbo n no- 
bility, aristocracy. 
ABOyMH ce vpr to hesitate, be undecided, 



waver, oscillate; to scruple, make scruple; 
to flinch back; He Atttre ce — mh toji- 
KOBa, don't hesitate so much; you have 
been wavering long enough; — MeHe» — 
M^HHC, — MHC « hesitation, wavering, 
indecision; — MeuiT> pres p 

ABoyrpbdeHi} a marsupial; — hh xchbot- 
HH, marsupials, Marsupialia. 

Ofiok va to double; to divide in two, make 
in two; — ce vpr to double, be 
doubled; to divide, be divided in two; to 
hesitate, waver; — ene n doubling; di- 
viding in two; — emi. pres p. 

ABO^K-b a double, twofold, duplicate, two- 
ply (collars); ambiguous (meaning); — 
KO ad doubly, twofold, two-ply; — Kocxb 
/ doubleness; duplicity. 

ABy66fl m duel. 

ABySpdrcTBo n diadelphia {bof). 

ABy6pdqeH-b a bigamous, twice-married; 
—HKe n bigamy. 

AByrji^B-b a double-headed, two-headed. 

AByrnisAeH'b a v ABoerH'fesAeH'b. 

AByAH^aeu-b a of two days, two days old. 

AByerdxceHb a two-storied, of two sto- 
r(e)ys. 

AByiK^HCTBo n bigamy; dygeny {bot). 

AB03;K.6b n, — ecH-b a double-toothed, 
having two teeth; — 6ei<'b a diodon 
(fish). 

AByKOHHTeHi. a cloven -footed; bisulcous. 

AByKp^K-b a two-legged, bipedal. 

AByKpdreH'b a two-fold, double; repeated, 
reiterated; —ho a twice; doubly. 

AByKpHJieH-b a two-winged, dipteral. 

AByjiHK-b a V ABoejiHK-b. 

AByMtceqen-b a two months old, of two 
months; two month. 

ABy^iHCTeH-b a two-leaved, diphyllous, 
dipetalous. 

AByM;K.>KHe n diandria {bot). 

AByHdn. a v AsyKpaK-b. 

ABycMHCJiCHb a ambiguous, uncertain; — 
HO ad ambiguously, with a double 
meaning; —smtn, — Hocxb/ambiguous- 
ness, double meaning, equivocalness. 

ABycpHqeH^^ v ABoecpHqem.. 

ABycT-b.ineHb a double-pillared, in two 
j columns. 

j AeSejidKb m boor, ruffian, rude person; 
— mKH a boorish, rough, uncivil; — mn- 
I na / rudeness, ruffianiasm. 

Ae6ejiHHd / thickness; corpulency; fat, 
fatness. 



At6eAAui, 



80 



AeKjiaMHpaM-b 



fle<Jeji4HT> , m, — na / fatty. 

AByctMeAtAeH-b a dicotyledlnous (botj. 

AByTHqHHKOBi> o diandrian (bot). 

AByuBircH-b a two-coloured. 

ABynepyneH-b a two shelled, double-shel- 
led, bicarpous. 

AByMJi^HeH-b a binoniial.(/na//{), blarticul- 
ate (zool). 

ABt num. fun two; — ikchh, two wo- 
men; — Atua, two boys; v abh; — 
no — , two by two, in twos; BctKH — 
ceAMHUH, every two weeks; HsGepere 
CH CAHO OT-b — T-fe, choose one of the 
two; H — Tt, both of them; — roAH- 
uieHi* a two year old, of two years, two 
year. 

AB^CTt, — ra nam two hundred. 

AC interj xaflAe — , come on! crura — , 

that is enough; ac, come on! try 

to dare! 

Ae6^;io ad thick; too thick, big or large; 
uanpaBHX-b ro — , I made it too big, 
too thick; mhofo e — , it is too thick 
or big. 

Ae6ejior.iidB-b a hard-headed, dull -headed; 
—Beu-b m blockhead, dullard, thick- 
headed person. 

Ae<SejiOK6}K-b a thick-skinned, pachyder- 
matous; —MM >KHBOTHH fl pachyder- 
mata. 

Ae6eAOK6p'b a pachycarpous, thick-shel- 
led. 

Aefi^Jiii a thick, big, wide; stout, cor- 
pulent, fat; — njiacTii, thick layer; — 
qoB^Kii, corpulent or stout man; — jio 
Meco, fat meat; — jia ji-bMO, a gross 
lie; — jia CTtaa, thick wall — rjiacb 
a low, bass voice; — jioto Mepso, 
great gut. 

AeCe^iia vn to get or grow fat or cor- 
pulent, put on flesh, become stout; — 
CHC n getting or growing fat, stout or 
corpulent; — eiui* pres p; — JiaiK-b m 
fatty; boor, rustic, ruffian. 

a66(h){| va vn to watch, be on the 
watch, waylay, spy, espy, lie in wait 
for, lie in ambush; — ce vpr to be 
watched, waylaid, spied, followed; — 
Hene n waylaying, lying in ambush, 
lying in wait; ambush; — HeiuKdM-b, 
— HemKdra ad stealthily, slyly; by 
stealth, lying in wait; unexpectedly; 
— Hemi. pres p. 

AeBajiio^uHH / reduction of value. 



AeBecHJi-bm golden saxifrage,scabwort(fto/)- 

AeBeTAec6Tb«u/re ninety; —th a ninetieth. 

AeaeTHdAeceTb nam nineteen; — th <r 
nineteenth. 

A^BerCTOTHH-b nam nine hundred; —Hit 
a nine hundredth. 

ACBCTb num. nine; — no — , nine timea 
nine; rofl e na — roAHHH, he is nine 
years old; — rdK-b m a^babe born in hia 
ninth month; nine yea*r old boy; — th 
a ninth; — 'Th anpHJi-b, ninth (9 th) of 
April; — th no peA'b, ninth in order; — 
— Trina / ninth part; pi nine persons; 
ninth day's obit (after death); — Tiiua / 
nine (cipher,; nine (in cards); — Muna 
num V AeseTHHa. 

A^Bepb m brother-in-law husland's brother) 

ACBHS-b m motto. 

Aerenep^UHfl / degeneration. , 

AerpaA^UHfl / degradation. ,: .' 

ACAyKTHBeH-b a deductive; — ho ad—ly, 
— AyKUHH / deduction. 

AOKypeHT. a on or upon duty, attending, 
waiting; aa-b cbAfb — , I am on duty; 
—pa vn to be on duty; — ctbo n at- 
tendance of the day; being on duty. 

AeaepTHpaiH-b va vn to desert, forsake, 
abandon; —He n desertion. 

ACsepTbdp'b m deserter; — ckh a deser- 
ter's; ad like a deserter: —ctbo n de- 
sertion. 

Ae3HH(})eKUHpaMb va to disinfect; — hc 
n disinfecting; — He n, — 4)6kuhh / 
disinfection; — ht. ppp. 

AH3opraHH3MpaM-b va to disorganise; — 
ce vpr to be or become disorganised; 
—He n disorganising; — sAuhh / disor- 
ganisation; — ht. ppp. 

AeH3-bM-b m deism. 

AeiicT-b m deist; — TiiqecKH a deistic, — aL 

A^Ka V FAt, KAA*. 

AeKarp^M-b m decagram (me). 

AeK^Aa / decade. 

AeKaA^HTb m decadent. 

AeK^H-b m dean; ^ckh a dean's (office); 
—CTBO n deanship. 

AeK^MBpH m December; — mHckh a Decem- 
ber, of December; n-bpsH — , december 
the first (1st). 

AeKjiaM^Topb m declaimer; —ckh a de- 
claimer's, declamatory; — ctbo n declam- 
atory art or skill. 

AeKjiaMiipaM-b va vn to declaim; — ce 
vpr to be declaimed; —He n declaiming; 
— H-b ppp; — M^i^HH / declamation. 



iieKJiapai^HH 



81 



Aepa 



AeK^iapduHH / declaration. 

ACKOJiT^ ad in a low dress. ' - 

AeKopaTopii /n decorator; — ckh a de- 
corator's. 

ACKopaTHBeH-b a decorative. 

AeKop^UMH / decoration. 

AeKopupaM-b va to decorate; — ce vpr 
to be decorated; — ne n decorating, dec- 
oration; — HT. ppp. 

ACKp^Ti. m decree. 

AeKcrpHH'b m dextrine (chem). 

;teKi. m deck. 

jlijiBa. f big earthen jar or pot. 

;ieJier6T'b m delegate; —uhh/ delegation. 

AejierupaM-b va to delegate; — ce vpr 
to be delegated; — hc n delegatirig; — 
HT. ppp. 

AejiHKdreH'b a delicate; —ho ad — !y; 
— HOCTb / delicacy, delicateness. 

AejiHfl mt valiant, hero. 

A^Jira / delta (of a river); — TOBHAeH'b 
a in the form of a delta. 

;ieji<})HH'b m dolphin (fish,. 

ACJinHKa / valerian {bot). 

AeMar6ri> m demagogue; rHqecKH a 
demagogic, — al; ad like a demagogue, 
demagogically; — fhji / demagogy. 

AeMapK^UHH / demarcation. 

AeMacKHpaMi. va to unmask {mil)\ — 
He n unmasking. 

AeMo6HjiH3HpaM'b va to demobilise (-ize); 

— ce vpr to be demobilised; — ne n, — 
3^UHfl / demobilising, demobilisation; 
— HT. ppp. 

AeiMOKp^T-b m democrat; — THqen-b, — 
THMecKM a democratic, — al; — thhcckh 
ad democratically; — uhh /democracy. 

AeMOHcrpaTHBeH'b a demonstrative; — 
HO ad — ly; — crpauHH / demonstra- 
tion. 

AeMOHCTpaTHpaMii va to demonstrate; 

— He « demonstrating; demonstration. 
A^MOHT» m demon; —ckh, — HiiiecKH a 

demon-like, demoniac, — al; ad de- 
moniacally, demon-like. 
AeMopajiHayBaM-b va to demoralise (-ize); 

— ce vpr to be demoralised; -ne « de- 
moralising; —He n, — 36uHH / demor- 
alisation; — H-b ppp H a demoralised. 

AenrySa /, — 6eHe, — Sne n, — 6Hua / 
time wasted, waste of time, loss of 
time; — eeui* m idler, an indolent 
fellow. 

AeHApojidrHti / dendrology. 

AeHApoJiHT-b m dendrolite. 



ACH^M-b ad in day time, during the day; 
on day light; — neivi-b h HOuieM-b, day 
and night. 

A^HeH-b a day, of day. 

A^HKa ft bale, counterpoise, counterweight 
(of a horse's load); npaBsi na — kh, to 
bale, pack into bales. 

A^HHHua / morning-star. 

AeHOHdiuae n a day and night together, 
the 24 hours of the day; bt, — , in 
twenty-four hours; — men-b a of 24 
hours; diurnal; —ho ad every 24 hours; 
diurnally (astr). 

AeniUMK-b m orderly, officer's servant. 

AeHb m day; xyCas-b — t a fine day; 
paSoreHii — , work-day; npasHHHeH'b 
— , holiday; npHCATCTBen-b — , work- 
day, law-day; crpauiHH — , judge- 
ment day; ott. -^ na — , from day to 
day; na Ci-fejii. — , on broad day light; 
nptai* utJii* — , the whole day long; 
HAauiaM-b na — , to pay by the day; 
HCHO Karo — , clear as day; poJKAeu'b 
— , birthday; nojiyqaBaMi* nerb jiesa 
Ha — , to receive five francs a day, or 
per day; nerpoBi. — , St. Peter's day. 

Aeni, — HH v AeneM-b. 

AenapraM^HTT. m department. 

Aen^uia / despatch. 

Aeno n depot, store-house; station. 

Aeno3HpaMi> va to deposit; — ce vpr 
to be deposited; —pane n depositing, 
deposition; — H-b ppp. 

Aen63HT-b m deposit; — ropi. m depos- 
itor. 

AcnojinpHS^UMsi / depolarisation (-zation). 

Aenp^CMH / depression (meteor). 

Aenyr^T-b m deputy, delegate, represent- 
ative; —CKH a deputy's, of a deputy; 
for deputies or representatives; — uhh / 
deputation, delegation. 

Aepa va to tear, rend (one's garments), 
rip (a seam;, wear (one's shoes), tear, 
lacerate, scratch {of cats), flay, skin (an 
animal); to beat, cudgel {fig)\ to fleece 
(a person); — ch r-bpjiOTosa hhuio, to 
talk so much for nothing; — ce vpr to 
be torn, rent, ripped; to tear, rip, wear 
(of shoes); to be flayed, skinned; to 
come oii(ofskin); to struggle, work hard; 
— paq-b m tearer, ripper; flayer, skin- 
ner; — pene n tearing, rending, ripping; 
flaying, skinning (an animal); — pemt 
pres p\ Apaji-b app; Apan-b ppp. 
6 



MpntUTh 



AHBqo 



AcpB^HT'b mt defile. 

Aepi mt gorge, canyon, ravine. 

Aepii-rAsHua / jay (bird). 

AcpT-b mt V rpHMca. 

A^ceH-b V Atceu-b. 

AeceT4Ki> m ten paras (coin). 

Aec^TH a tenth; aBrycrb — , August the 
tenth (10th); — ra qacTb, tenth part; 
Ha — Toro, on the tenth inst(ant). 

AeceTHHa nam about ten people or pieces. 

AeccTHua / ten (cipher); ten (in cards); 
— qeH-b a decimal (fraction); —qua 
cHcreMa, decimal system. 

Aec^TKa / ten (of cards); one tenth (part). 

Aec^THHK-b m corporal (in an army); tith- 
ing-man. 

Aec^TO ad in the tenth place. 

AeceTOAH^seH-b a ten days old, of ten 
days duration. 

AecerdpeHT. a ten-fold. 

ACcerdpKa / v AeceTHua. 

AecexocTpyHeHT. a of ten strings. 

AeceTo;K.ri>jieHi> a decagonal, decangu- 
lar; — HMK-b m decagon. 

ACc^T-bKi. m tenth, tithe, tenth part. 

A^cetb nam ten; — no — , ten times 
ten; bt> — Aena, within ten days. 

ACCHHua / right-hand, right-arm; — q^pb 
m right-handed person. 

ACcnbTi) m despot; — THS-bMT. m despo- 
tism, — THqcH-b, — TiiqecKH a despo- 
tic, — al; — THqecKH ad despotically. 

A^rejib m wood-pecker (om). 

A^rejiHua / clover, trefoil (bot). 

Ae^JeKTHBCHT. a defective. 

Ae4>HJi^ n defile, gorge. 

Ae<t>HJiHpaM-b va to defile, arrange, file 
off (troops . 

Ae(}>HHHUHsi / definition. 

AC^HUHT-b m deficit. 

AeueMBHp-b m decemvir. 

AeuHjiHT'bp-b m decilitre. 

AeuHM^T'bp-b m decimeter. 

A>K^6a adt to boot, gratis, free. 

A>K6BKaM'b va vn to yelp; — ae n yelp- 
ing; yelp. 

AHcajidTHH-b m hangman, executioner. 

A>KaM-b mt glass, pane.. 

AMcaHA^P'b mt v crpaxcapi. 

AiKdcBaMi. va to pull, snatch; — ce vpr 
to pull oneself back, to get away; to 
be snatched, pulled off, grabt)ed; — 
He n pulling, snatching; — nar-b ppp\ 
a cracked, excentric. 

AHceG-b m pocket; — Geu-b a pocket (dic- 



tionary). 

A^K^sBe nt small coffee pot. 

AiKCJi^n-b mt dealer in sheep. 

A>kh6ph f pi t skins (of pressed grapes). 

A^KyAw^ nt V HHrMeM. 

AMcyKa /, — na / v ycrna, G-bpna. 

A>KypKaM-b va, — ce vpr to start, set in 
motion; to jolt, to stir, beat; — ne n 
starting, setting in motion; jolting; — 
Hari* ppp. 

AH, AHfl interj gee! go! get up! 

AHarndaa / diagnosis. 

AHarOHdji-b m diagonal; — Jieu-b a diag- 
onal. 

AHaA^Ma / diadem. 

ABBJi^KTi. m dialect, ^THKa /dialectics; 
— THqcH-b, — TiiqecKH a dialectic — al; 
— THqecKH ad — cally; — THK-b m dia- 
lectician. 

AHajidrb m dialogue; — rnqeHT. a dia- 
logistic, — al; — riiqecKH ad dialogistic- 
cally. 

AHaM^HT-b m diamond; — ren-b a dia- 
mond; diamantine. 

AHaM^T^bp-b m diameter; — poB-b a dia- 
metral, —metrical; •— piiqecKH a dia- 
metral, diametrical; ad diametrally, 
diametrically. 

AHanaadH-b m diapason; pitch. 

AH^pHH / diarrhea. 

AHa4>pdrMa / diaphragm, midriff. 

AHBa-6o« / black-alder; bird-cherry tree 

— KOKouiKa / v <|)a3aH-b; kg 

npHBa / galeopsis galeobdolon (red) 
laminium purpureum {boty, — -Kpacra 

BHua / horse cucumber {bof); iwex 

jia / oroom, heath {bot); THKBa / 

white bryony {bot); aroAa / wild 

tansy. 

AHB^K-b m savage, bushman; — h6 m 
blockhead, fool; — uikh a savage, feroc- 
ious; rough, rude; ad — ly. 

AHBCH-b a strange, astonishing, myster- 
ious; — HO ad — ly. 

AHB^pcHfl / diversion {mil). 

AHBcqb / game; wild animals. 

AHBHHa / v AHBeqb. 

AHBHq-bK-b a dim rather wild, hot-headed. 

AHBOTHfl / wildness; stupidity, foolhard- 
iness. 

AHBHSHdHi. m division (of cavalry); — bh- 
3Ha / division (of an army); — HCH-b a 
division, of division. 

AHBHA^HT-b m dividend. 

AHBqo m simpleton, blockhead, fool. 



AHBI. 



AHCTHJIHpaM-b 



jlHB-b a wild, savage; untamed; —bo jkh- 
BOTHo, wild animal, untamed animal; 
qoB-feKii, wildman, savage, bushman; 
—BO ad wildly savagely; stupidly; 

riojiT. m dog-rose (bot); — MaKi> m 

corn-poppy; nenuu-h m wormwood 

{bot)\ nerejib m v rjiyxap-b. 

AHBtti vn to grow savage, wild; to be 
furious; to grow stupid. 

;iHBH ce vpr to wonder at, be astonished, 
amazed. 

AHraiM-b va v SAHraM-b, 

AHA^KTHKa / didactics; — TiiqecKH a di- 
dactic, — al; ad didactically. 

AH^ra / diet; — THqeu-b a dietary, die- 
tetic, — al. 

AMKT^Top'b m dictator; — ckh a dicta- 
tor's, dictatorial, dictator^; ad like a 
dictator, dictatorially; — rypa /, — ctbo 
n dictatorship, 

AHKrysaM-b va to dictate; — ce to be 
dictacted; —He n dictating, dictation; 
— T<SBKa / dictation; — ht. ppp. 

AHji^Ma / dilemma. 

ACJiCTdHT-b m amateur, dilettante; — th- 
3-bwb m, —CTBO n dilettantism. 

AHMHTpoBqe n China aster (bot). 

AHM-b m smoke; fume; soot; — Men-b a 
smoke; smoky, smoked; — jiMB-b a smok- 
ing, smoky, luming, fumiterous. 

AHMn vn to smoke; to fume; to reek; — 
MH, it is smoking; — iweHC n smoking, 
fuming, reeking; — Memi. pres p. 

AHHdMHKa /dynamics; — MiiqeH-b, — qec- 
KH a dynamic, — al; — MMqecKH ad dy- 
namically; — MHfl / dynam, unit of 
work; — MOM^T-bp-b m dynamometer. 

AHH^pb m denarius (coin). 

AHH^CTHH / dynasty; — THqecKH a dy- 
nastic. 

AHMH / watermelon; h jiio6eHHua. 

AHop^iwa / diorama. 

AHnjiOMa / diploma; — THqeHT>, — qecKH 
a diplomatic, — al; — xiiqecKH ad dip- 
lomatically; — MiTT. m diplomat; — iwi- 
UHH / diplomacy. 

AHnjin va to fold; to double; — ce vpr 
to fold; to be folded; — Jiene n folding; 
— JieiUT. pres p; —no n fold; plait, 
wrinkle, crease, gather. 

AHH-b adt very, quite. 

AHp^KTop-b m director; principal; manag- 
er; — pdr-b m directorship; — pHH / 
directory; — ctbo n directorship; —ckh 
a director's, of a director; — uhsi / di- 



rection, administration. 

AHp^iCb mt prop, stay support; pillar; 
joist. 

AHpcH-b a back, hind; — HHua /, — hhki> 
m back, behind. 

AHpen-b ppp VAHpH. 

AHpHJK^pb m conductor (mus). 

AHpHTCAb m seeker, claimer. 

AHpH / track, trace, step trail; foot-step, 
foot-print; sign, mark, vestige; no — 
ra, in the foot-steps; no — Ta My, in 
his foot-steps; xonn no — ra, to track, 
trace, follow the track of, scent out; 
HtMa HHKaKBH — pH, there are no 
traces whatever of, not the least sign 
of; OTKjioHaBaM-b ott. — ra, to throw 
off the track or scent, to mislead. 

AHpa va to seek, look for, look out, look 
out for, look after, look around for, 
search; to ask (for one); to go in quest; 

— Spara ch, I am lookingformy broth- 
er, seeking my brother; Kofl ro — pH, 
who is wanting him; — pn npnqHHa Aa 
MH HanaKOCTH, he seeks to injure me, is 
trying to find cause for injuring me; 
mo — re, what are you looking for? 
Tofl CH — pH npaBara, he claims, wants 
his rights; nne — pHMi> eAHH-b cjiyra, 
we want a servant; — ce vpr to be 
sought, looked for, out, after or around; 
to be wanted; cjiyra ce — pn, a 
servant is wanted; — pene n seeking, 
looking for, searching; wanting; search, 
quest; — peni. ppp; — peuti* pres p; — 
pHJiT. app. 

AHcdrb m saddle-bag; — rn pi. 

AHceHT^pHH / dysentery. 

AHceprdnHti / dissertation. 

AHCK^HT-b m soprano, first-treble; — tobt> 
soprano (voice), treble. 

AHCKbHT'b m discount. 

AMCKOC-b m tray, paten; offering; — sa 
GtAHHT-b, offering for the poor. 

AHCKpeAHTiipaM-b va to discredit; — ce 
vpr to be discredited; to discredit, com- 
promise oneself; — ne n discrediting; 
— H-b a H ppp discredited. 

AHCK-b m disk, face-plate. 

AHCAOKduHH / dislocation. 

AHCOHdHCb m dissonance (mus). 

AHcn^ncHH / dyspepsia, dyspeption. 

AHcnosiinHfl / disposition (mil). 

AHCTdHUHfl / distance. 

AHCTHJiHpaM'b va to distil; to brew (beer); 

— ce vpr to be distilled; to be brewed; 



AHCUHIIJIHHa 



84 



Ao5aBi>qeH'b 



—He n distilling; distillation; — hi> a 
H ppp; — jiiTop-b m distiller; — jiiuHtl 
/ distillation, distillery. 

AHCi^HnjiHH^i / discipline; — pcHi. a dis- 
ciplinary, disciplinarian. 

AHCUHnJiHHHpaM'b va to discipline; —ce 
vpr to be disciplined; to discipline 
oneself; — ne n disciplining; — hi. a h 
ppp disciplined. 

AhthpAmCi. m dithyramb; — -<$MmecKH a 
dithyrambic (poem). 

AHx6 / V AHxaHHe. 

AHXaMl* V AHUiaM-b. 

AHX^jio n. — ue rt dim air-tul)e, air-vessel, 
blow-hole. 

AHx^HHc n creature, being, living thing, 
soul; HtMauie HHKaKBo — , there was 
not a living being; bc^ko — , every 
living creature. 

AHxirejieH-b a respiratory (organs), breath- 
ing (tube), wind (pipe). 

AHXHa v AHUiaM-b. 

AHUiaM-b va to breathe, inhale ''pure air); 
vn to breathe, inhale, take or draw 
breath, to respire; — 6-bpiKe, to breathe 
fast; — TpyAHO* to breathe hard, with 
difficulty; to gasp (of a dying person); 
nptcraBaM-b Aa — , to cease breath- 
ing, stop breathing; — flre cbo6oaho, 
breathe freely, with ease; TptCaa Aa ce 
— uia cb Hoca, one should breathe 
through his nose; — hc n breathing, 
inhaling; respiration; — ht. ppp. 

AJia6i> v a.ji-b6-b. 

AJiaHb / palm (of hand); — necTb a hav- 
ing a big palm, broad-handed; — 
HOBHAen-b a palmate, palmated, digi- 
tate (bot); — HOH6rH pi web-footed 
birds; — qnua / dim a small palm; a 
nice little palm. 

A^'b^Hfl / mallet, chaising-hammer (for 
beating down of roads). 

A;i'b6-b m groove, hole, cavity; mortise; 
—6m m cullis, mortise, groove; swal- 
low-tail (in carpentry); — qMHKa / dim 
smale hole, cavity; dimple (of the 
cheek). 

AJn»n> a long; v AT>Ji'i«r'b; — hcctt. a 
longish, elongated, oblong; — ikhh^ / 

V A1>JI>KHHa. 

AJi'brb m V AtJin.. 

AJi'tiKCHT. a duty-l)ound, under obligation, 
owing, due, indebted, obliged; BC-feKoti 
e — Aa noMara ApyrHiwy, every one 
should or ought to help others; HecT.MT. 



— HHKOMy, I don't owe anything to 
anybody; BctKM Mye — , heowesevery- 
l>ody; — e AC ryiua, he is heavily in 
debts; He cbMi. — Aa my OTroBopa, I 
am not obliged to answer him; ane ere 
— HH Aa CTopHTC ryfl, you ought to 
do this; you shall do this! 

AJi'bMtHHK-b m, — ua / debtor; indebted 
person. 

AJiiM<HOCTb / duty, obligation; position, 
oflice, charge; function, work; Mopafl- 
Ha — , moral duty or obligation; —my 
ce najiara, he is duty-bound, is under 
obligation; BHcOKa — , high office, im- 
portant position; Hsn'bJiH^BaM'b — ra 
CM, to fulfill one's duty, do one's duty, 
do one's work; Bcrx.ntiM'b B-b — , to 
enter upon an office; non'bjiBaM-b — , 
to fill a situation or occupy a position; 
KaKBa — HSO'bJiHJiBa to, what is its 
function? — ren-b a official (person), func- 
tional, of a function, ministerial. 

AJi'bWHtfl vn to go into debts, be involved 
in debt, incur debts, run into debts; — 
ene n running into debts, getting in- 
volved in debts. 

AA-bxc-b m length; na — , lenght-wise; na 

— H Ha lUHpi., far and wide. 
AH^BCH-b a day, daily; diurnal; — rpyAi** 

day labo(u)r; — BtcTHHR-b, daily paper; 
— UHK-b m journal, dairy, day-book; — 
HO ad daily, every day. 

AHecb ad to-day, this day; now-a-days, 
now; AC — , up until to-day; OTh — 
Harax'bK'b, from this day on; h ahcc- 
Ka; — uien-b a of to-day, to-day's (work); 
present, modern (times). 

AC prep to, up to, till, until, so far, as 
far as; near, close by, by; — cera, up 
to now, till to day; — xyKa, to here, 
up to here, as far as here; — CTapocTb, 
up to an old age; ceAHcre — MeHe» 
sit by me, near me, close to me; ao 
KAiA'fe* how far? — kojiko, about how 
much (of quantity), about how many 
(of units); Btpen-b — Kpafl, faithful or 
true to the end; — wMBOTt, for life; 

— KOJiKOTO ce MOMce, as far as pos- 
sible. 

AC V Aoxa>KAajii>; —me sptMe, a time 
will come. 

Ao6|iB-bKi> m, — Ka / addition; supple- 
ment, complement; h Ao6aBfl^HHe. 

AoSdB-bqeH-b a additional; supplementary. 



jlo6aBiiM-b 



AoSpoxce^iarejib 



complementary; —ho a additionally, in 
addition; to boot. 

Ao6<lBfiM-b va to add, supplement, com- 
plete, make up, put to; — ouie CAua 
AyiMa, to add or say one word more; 
— ce vpr to be added, completed; to 
be made up; to be filled up; — ne n 
adding, completing; addition; making up 
(of a sum); — BeHi. ppp; a added, ad- 
ditional; — bh;ii> app. 

jlo^HBHwb va to obtain, get, receive, ac- 
quire, gain, procure, earn; to beget, be 
delivered (of a child); — rojitMa noji- 
3a, to get, receive a great benefit, be 
greatly benefited; — SHauHe, to ac- 
quire, gain knowledge; — cnasHO hmc, 
to earn, win a g orious name; — iwac- 
.10 OTT. MJi-bKo, to obtain, extract 
butter from milk; Mcena iwy — jia mm.>k- 
Ko, his wife has been delivered of 
a boy; — ce vpr to be obtained, got- 
ten, gained, acquired; to be procured; to 
be extracted; to be born; xjitCT.T-b ce 
M^qHO — Ba, bread is hard to earn; 
—He n obtaining getting, earning, gain- 
ing, acquiring; begetting, giving birth 
to; acquirement, acquisition; extraction 
{of essences, etc); — bAit. m obtainer; 
gainer, winner; — 6MBKa /, — Chbi. m 
gain, advantage, profit, benefit; — 6HeHT>, 
— Shtt, ppp; — 6Hji-b app 

jlo6HpaM-b va to finish gathering or 
collecting, to gather or collect all; — ce 
vpr to be collected or gathered; to reach, 
get at, come at, attain; — ce ;i6 Ka- 
cara, to reach, get at the treasury or 
money-safe; — ce a.o (})aKTHT'k, to get 
at the facts; — ne n finishing gathering 
(a crop); getting at, reaching: — fSHp-b 
m collecting, gathering, culling; rpo3- 
jiero — 6hpi> HiiMa, the grape-crop is 
too rich or plentiful; — 6p^,n-b app; 
— Gp^H-b ppp. 

jio6htt,ki, m cattle, neat; beast; poran. 
— , horned cattle; eA'bP'b — , black 
cattle; — 3a Kjiane, slaughter-animals; 
— Shmc n dim a small animal, a nice 
little animal; — qeHT> a cattle, of cattle, 
for cattle. 

.il66jiecTb / valo(u)r, bravery, courage, 
virtue; — reai. a valiant, valorous, stal- 
wart, brave; —ho ad — ly. 

;io6;iH>KdBaM-b va to approach, draw or 
bring near; to approximate; vn to ap- 
proach, near, come near (a person ; — 



ce vpr to approach, come near, draw 
near; to be approached, neared; — ce 
AO HCTHHara, to approach, come near 
the truth; ne A'^Hre ce — Ba ao Mene, 
don't come near me; — ne n approach- 
ing, drawing or coming near; — jk^hhc 
n approximation; — xc^n-b ppp;— >KH.m. 
app- 

Ao6,nH3BaM-b va to finish licking. 

Ao6o36BaM-b va to finish sucking, suck- 
all (of calves). 

Ao6ojiiBaM-b imp v to stop hurting, ach- 
ing or paining. 

Ao6osiAHCBaM-b va to finish painting (a 
door), colo(u)ring; to give the last touches; 
— ce z/pr to be painted; — iC/i painting. 

Ao6pHHd / goodness, kindness, favo(u)r; 
HMaJfre — ra, have the goodness, be 
so good; npaBH — , to do a kindness, 
do good (to some one); to do a favour; 
6jiarOAapfi Bh 3a — ra, I thank you 
for your kindness or goodness. 

Ao6pHHe n winter-cherry {bot). 

A66pHq-bK-b a dim pretty nice or good; 
— KO ad pretty nicely, pretty well. 

Ao6p6 n good; weal; interest, profit, ben- 
efit; o6uio — , commoi good, public 
weal; npaBsi — , to do good (to a per- 
son); TOBa He e na — , that does not 
augur good; — 3a 3flO, good, for evil; 
—To H 3flOTo, good and evil; ci. — , 
amicably, in a friendly manner; —to 
ce cKopo 3a6paBsi, the good men do is 
soon forgotten; ad good, well; interf 
good! line! 

Ao6poB6jieH-b a voluntary, spontaneous, 
willing, free (gifts); — ho a voluntarily, 
willingly, of one's own accord; — hoctb 
/ voluntariness, willingness, spontaneity. 

Ao6poBdjieu-b m volunteer, voluntary; — 
MecKH a volunteer (regiment), of the 
volunteers. 

AoSpOAyuiCHi. a good-natured, kind-heart- 
ed, naive; — ho ad — ly; — uiwe n 
— ness, good nature, largeness of soul. 

AoepoAliTejib m virtue; — jien-b m virtu- 
ous, chaste (woman); beneficent, char- 
itable; —HO ad — ly; — HOCTb / virtu- 
ousness, chastity; charity, beneficence. 

AoSpoMceJiirejib m well-wisher, sympa- 
thiser (-thizer), friend; — jiem. a well- 
wishing, benevolent, sympathising; — 
HO ad benevolently; — HOCTb /, — ctbo 
n good wish, sympathy, benevolence. 



AoGpoKaqecTBCHi* 



86 



AOBAaqaM-b 



Ao6poK^4ecTBeH-b a of good quality, fine, 
pure; — HOCTb / good or line quality, 
purity. 

Ao6poHpdBeH-b a good-tempered, good- 
natured; good mannered. 

Ao6ponji5AeH-b a bearing good fruit, fruit- 
ful, productive. 

Ao6poc'bB-kCTeH'b a conscientious, scru- 
pulous, faithful, honest; —ho ad — ly; 
—HOCTb / - ness, scruples. 

AoGpoc-bpA^ien-b a kind-hearted, good- 
natured, cordial, hearty; —ho a kind- 
heartedly, cordially; — mhc n —ness, 
cordiality, warmth of heart. 

Ao6poT^ / goodness, kindness, good-na- 
ture; quality; worth; — xa my H^Ma 
Kpaft, his kindness has no bounds; 3 Jio- 
ynoTp-feSflBaM-b cb — iwy, to abuse his 
kindness; — ra na rasH MauiHua, the ad- 
vantages, value or worth of this machine. 

Ao6po-yTpo interj Good Morning! — r-ne, 
Good Morning Sir! — r->KO, Good Morn- 
ing Madam! 

Aofipoq^CTCHi. a fortunate, lucky, pros- 
perous; — THHi /, — THe n good for- 
tune, good-luck, happiness. 

AoeponsaM-b va to finish counting, get 
through counting; — ce vprio be through 
with being counted; —He n finishing 
counting. 

Ao6pyBaM-b vn to thrive, be prosperous, 
enjoy life, live happy; —He n thriving, 
prospering, living happy; prosperity. 

Ao6p'bCBaM'b va to finish shaving, get 
through with shaving (a person); — ce 
vpr to finish shaving (oneself). 

Ao6pt ad good, well; fine; — cbM-b, I 
am well; — e Aa ciwe ryKa, it is good 
to be here; oTMsa na — , it goes well; 
Hrpaa- , to play well; interj well, very 
well! all right! ct. — mt,, amicably, in 
a friendly manner. 

Ao6pi-Aoiu^jii> sing, —nil pi welcome! 
BHe ere — jih Me>KAy naci., you are 
welcome here among us. 

Aofi-bpi* a good; kind; fine; — qostK-b, 
a good man; — pd sptMe, good or fine 
weather; — p6 AtJio, good deed; — p6 
c-bpAue, good or kind heart; — cjiy- 
qafl, good or fine opportunity; mhofo 
— , very good (in one's studies); bt. — 
p6 Bp-feMC, in good time or season, op- 
portunely; HHe CMC BT. — pii OTHO- 

uieHHfl, we are on good terms; — achb, 



Good Morning! hb — nacb, good luck 
to you! TOBB e — p6, that is good, is 
all right; — p6 ad good, well; v Ao6po. 

Ao6tjiBaM-b va to finish paring (potatoes, 
etc), peeling, stripping off (the bark), 
husking; — ce vpr to peel, strip off 
entirely; to be pared, peeled, husked; 
—He n peeling, paring, stripping off (the 
bark or skin) entirely. 

AoeijiflMi. va to finish whitening or 
bleaching. 

AOB^KCBBMli V HaBBKCBaMli. 

AOB^ncaaMi. va to finish dyeing, get 
through dyeing; — ce vpr to be dyed. 

AOBd;iiiM-b va to roll up, roll up to; — 
ce vpr to be rolled up to; to roll up 
to; —He n rolling up to. 

AOBdpflitfb va to boil up enough, boil well, 
finish boiling or brewing; — ce vpr to 
be boiled well; — ne n boiling up, 
getting through boiling. 

AOB^AeuHK-b m step-son; — ua / step- 
daughter; — qe n dim step-son or 
daughter, step-child. 

AOB^AeHi> a brought over, adopted; — 
Gpax-b, step-brother; — nacecrpa, step- 
sister; — HH Atua, step-children. 

AOB^iKAaiwb va to lead, lead up to, bring 
to, bring in; to turn out; to reduce; — 
AOXT. ro c-b MCHe, I brought him with me; 
— AO rpo6a, to bring (one) down 
to the grave; — ao orqanHHe, to drive 
(one) to distraction; toH ro e — B6jn> 
AO TOBB nojio>KeHHe, he has brought 
him to that pass or condition^ — ao 
CHpoMauiHti, to reduce to poverty; — 
ce vpr to be lead, lead up to, be 
brought; — ne n leading up to, bringing 
up; — AeHi> ppp; — B^-b app. 

AOB^SBBM-b va to finish embroidering; — 
He n linishing embroidering 

AOB^qepa ad to-night, this evening. 

AOBeq^pflM-b vn to finish one's supper, 
get through with one's supper; ocxa- 
Bere ro ab ch — pn, let him finish his 
supper. 

AOBH>KAaM-b vn to see clear, get sight of. 

AOBHpaM-b vn to boil, get boiled or 
cooked enough; va to boil well or e- 
nough; h^mb — BHpa, hard to cook, too 
tough to cook; — ne n boiling, cooking. 

AOBjidqaM-b, — BjiHqaM-b va to drag or 
trail up to, draw up. to (the spot); — ce 
vpr to be dragged or trailed up to; to 



AOBOlKAaM-b 



87 



AorAt 



drag oneself up to; —He n dragging, 
trailing; — BfltK-bjii. app; — BjitneHi. 

PPP- 

AOB6}K;iaM-b V AOBe>K;iaM-b. 

a6boai> rn proof, argument, evidence. 

AOB6jieHi> a content, contented, pleased 
with, satisfied; aa-b r-bivn. — ott. He- 
ro, I am satisfied with him; aa-bCbun. 
— OTT. pesyjiTara, I am satisfied or 
pleased with the result; aauio He ere 
— , why arn't you content or satisfied? 
Toft e — CT, MajiKO, he is content with 
little; OTT> HHiuo ne e — , nothing can 
please him; — ho arf enough, sufficiently, 
plenty; will do; TOBa my e —ho, that 
is enough for him; xosa e — ho, 
that is enough, sufficient, plenty; that 
will do; —ho ere mm tobophjih, you 
have talked to me long enough; xpa- 
nara e — ho xpaHHrejina, the food is 
sufficiently nourishing; — CTBHe, — ctbo 
n ease, contentment; abundance. 

AOBdjiCTByBaw-b va to content, satisfy, 
please; — ce vpr to be pleased, please 
oneself, enjoy oneself. 

AOBpn V AOBHpaM-b; — Bp-fejn> ppp. 

AOBtpaBaiM-b va to finish tying, oinding 
or doing up;— ce z/pr to be tied, bound, 
done up (in packages); —He n finishing 
tying, binding. 

AOB4^pa ad up to yesterday, until yes- 
terday; — uiCHT. a of yesterday. 

AOB-bpiuBaiH-b va to finish, get through 
with, complete, accomplish, end; to do 
way with; — HayKHxt ch, to finish 
one's course of study; bhhoto me ro 
— uiH, the wine will finish or kill him; 
ome He e — uien-b, it is not finished 
yet; — ce vpr to be finished, be 
gotten through, completed; to be out 
(o/ books; to be done way wkh, killed; 
noprpera ce — bh, the picture is on 
the way of being finished; KHHrHT-fe ce 
c«. — lUHJiH, the books are all out, or 
out of print; —He n finishing, complet- 
ing; finish, completion; — uieH-b ppp; — 
uiHJii> app. 

AOBtBaiH-b va to finish winnowing; to 
bring around {fig); — ce vpr to be 
winnowed; to come around, show up; 
—He n finishing winnowing. 
AOBtKa ad for ever, eternally. 
AOB-fepen-b a confidential, trusted, trusty, 
confided; — ho flH^e, a confidential or 



trusty person; — p^HHe n trust, faith, 
confidence; — hoctb / confidence, re- 
liance; — pHC n trust, faith, credit, reli- 
ance; HtiMaMi* — pne bt. nero, I can't 
trust him, can't rely on him, nave no 
faith in him; HMaiM-b — , to trust, have 
faith (in one); na — pne, on credit; CJit- 
no — pHe, implicit faith; HsryfiBaMT. 
— pne, to lose one's confidence (in one). 
AOB-fepHTe;ib m confider, truster; war- 
ranter; constituent; — jieHi* a confiden- 
tial; —HO ad — ly, with confidence. 
AOBtpqHB'b a credulous, easily lead to 
believe, trusting; —bo a credulously; 
— BocTb/ credulousness, credulity; trust- 
ing or confiding character. 
AOBtpnBaM-b va to trust, confide; — H-feKO- 
MyratiHHTt ch, to confide one's secrets 
to one; — ce vpr to confide, trust in 
or to, rely on, repose one's trust in;Tofl 
He ce .necHO — Ba, he does not easily 
commit himself; ne Mora Aa My ce — 
pH, I cant trust him; —He n trusting, 
confiding, relying; trust, reliance, confi- 
dence; -pern, ppp; — piijiT. app. 
Aord>KAaM-b vn to conjecture, surmise, 
guess, make out, smell (a rat); — ne n 
conjecturing, guessing; — Aem. ppp. 
AordA'b'ieH'b a conjectural; — Hoarf— ly. 
AordAKa / conjecture, guess, supposition. 
AOraAJiHBT. a sagacious, perspicacious, 
penetrative; —bo ad — ly; — boctb / 
— ness, perspicacity, sagacity. 
Aor^H-b m falcon, hawk. 
AordpaM-b va to burn to the end; vn to 
burn to the end, be at the point of 
burning out, be going out; cB-feiUbra — 
pa, the candle is burning out; — ne n 
burning out, going out 
AOricsM-b va to extinguish completely; 
turn (a lamp) down entirely; to slake 
the rest (of lime). 
AorA* ad while, as long as, whilst, as far 
as; how far? — cbMi. >KHB-b, while I 
live, as long as I live, all my life; — 
noqaKare, while waiting; —to mojkc- 
re Aa cxHrHere, as tar as you can 
reach; — OTHBare, how far do you go? 
AOPA* conj till, until, before, unless; ne 
npaBcre hhuio — hc ce B-bpna, don't 
do anything before or until I come back; 

— He e K-bCHO, before it is too late; 

— aajitae cji-bHuexo, till the sun sets 
or comes down. 



AorjioiKAaM-b 



AOA'bsaM'b 



Aorji<3>KAaM-b va to finish gnawing or 
picking (a bone). 

Aor;i-bTBaMi> va to swallow up at anoth- 
er try. 

AdrME / dogma, tenet, doctrine; — th- 
3-bM-b m dogmatism; — MdxHKa / dog- 
matics; — THK-b m dogmatist; — th- 
MecKH a dogmatic, — al; ad dogmat- 
ically. 

AorHrisaMi. vn to rot completely or thor- 
oughly; to become mellow {of fruit); — 
He n rotting thoroughly. 

Aornyc^Ba imp v; —me, it makes me 
sick, I feel like vomiting, it gives me 
the nausea 

AorHts^sa imp v; — iwe, it makes me 
angry, I feel angry, it irritates me, I 
get provoked. 

AoroB^ptiM-b va to negotiate, talk over, 
treat; to stipulate; — B-bpxy CAna pa- 
6oTa Cb H-feKoro, to talk over, confer or 
negotiate over a matter with a person; — 
sa MHp-b, to negotiate for peace; —He 
n negotiating, treating, stipulating; ne- 
gotiation; — B6peH-b ppp. 

AdroBop'b m treaty; convention; contract, 
pact, compact, agreement; BepJiHHCKH 
— , Berlin Treaty; nncMeH-b — , writ- 
ten or verbal aggreement; ycreH-b — , 
oral agreement; CBaA6eH-b — , marriage- 
contract; TtproBCKH — , commercial 
treaty or agreement; CboepasHO ct. — 
pa, in contormity with the agreement; 
CKjiioqBaMi> — , to conclude a treaty, 
enter into a contract; HapyuiaBaiM-b — , 
to violate a treaty or agreement; — 
pcHT. a treaty (rights), ot a treaty, of 
an agreement; contracting (parties', 
agreed; stipulated (conditions); — hh 
yc;iOBHii, terms of an agreement or 
treaty. 

AoroBtBaMB vn to finish one's fasting or 
fast; to keep the fast throughout. 

AoronHHa ad next year, a year from now. 

Aordp-b ad to the top, to the brim; up; 
Han-bjiBaM-b — , to fill to the top, to 
the brim (of a bottle) 

AoropHsaM-b V Aorap$iM-b. 

Aorp^6aMi> va seize, catch, clutch, grasp, 
take hold of; — caho ai>Pbo, to seize 
a piece of wood or cudgel; — Ghxi. ro 
3a p;R.KaTa, I caught, seized or got 
hold of his hand; Toil — 6h bch>iko, 
he has grabbed up ail, he has got it 



all; — ce vpr to be seized, caught, 
clutched, grasped, grabbed; — ne n 
grabbing, grasping, seizing, taking hold 
of; — ecHT. ppp; —6Hn-h app. 

Aorp^MCAaM-b va to finish fencing; to 
finish building (a house); —He n finish- 
ing building or fencing. 

Aorp£6tiM'b, — rpH6aM-b va to rake all, 
rake up clean; to finish up raking or 
scraping; to row up, paddle up to (with 
a boat); — ce vpr to be raked or 
scraped; to reach, get hold of. 

AorpaMaA>KHii mt v crojiap-b. 

AorpH3BaM-b va to finish gnawing or 
picking (a bone). 

Aorpo3-kBa imp v; — mm, I feel sick, feel 
like fainting; — mh xcHBOTa, I am sick 
of my life, tired of living; n-bmo mh — 
H-fe, I felt like fainting, felt sick. 

Aor-bBaMii va to finish folding, fold all; 

— ce vpr to be folded; —He n folding 
all, finishing folding; — Hari. ppp all 
folded. 

A<5Aa V AofiAa. 

AOA^BaMii va to add, make up, pay up; 
me— ASM-b ouie abs jieBa, I shall give 
or add two francs more; — ce vpr to 
be added, made up; — ne n adding, 
making up; — acht. ppp given in addi- 
tion, made up; — Ka / addition, addi- 
tional sum, after-paying, balance. 

AOAMpaM-b va to finish tearing, ripping, 
rending; to wear out (shoes or clothes); 

— ce vpr to be torn, rent, ripped; to 
wear out, be worn out; — He n tearing; 
wearing; o6yiuaTa — ne hjih A^AHpi* 
H-bMaTii, the shoes will last forever; — 
Apan-b ppp. 

AOAH^Cb ad up to to-day, till to-day, 

until to-day, to this day. 
AOAOB^iepa ad up to this evening, till 

to-night. 
AOAP'^MBa ce imp v; — mh ce, I am 

sleepy, feel sleepy, getting drowsy, feeling 

drowsy; roft ch xy6aBo —Ma, he had 

a fine nap. 
AOA'bBKBaM-b va to finish chewing, chew 

all; —He n finishing, chewing; — Kan-b 

ppp all chewed. 
ADA* v AOrA*. 
AOA^Ka V AorA*. 
AOA^BaM-b vn to bother, hinder, impede, 

trouble, tire, bore; TOii mh mhofo — 



AOAtJIBaM-b 



Aoflna 



Ba Bi. pa6oTa mh, he is a great hin- 
-drance to my work, he hinders me a 
great deal in my work; — HtKOMy,to 
be a bother, a hindrance or trouble to 
one; to annoy a person; — Ba ce, it is 
wearisome or tiresome; — a mh ce 
Beqe Aa ro cjiyuiaMi., I am tired or 
sick of hearing him or listening to him; 
— He n hindering, troubling; tiring; — Ka 
/ a bore, nuisance, a tiresome person. 

AOA^JisaMi. va to finish hewing. 

AOA'^JiHM-b va to finish dividing, divide 
completely. 

j^OA'bTO ad while, as long as, as far as; 
conj till, until, before, unless; v AorA'fe. 

ndene n, — emi, pres p v aoh. 

Jto^ui, — HKT. m teat, nip, pap; — hht. 
m milker. 

JlOM^aji-feBa imp v; — ce vpr; — mh, — 
MH ce, I feel homesick; — mh aa He- 
ro, I feel sorry for him; mhofo mh e 
— Jitiio 3a npHHTejiH ch, I miss my 
friend very much. 

AOJKHBtBaM'b vn to live long enough, 
live to see, live till; — XMe ^a bhahmi. 
uapcTBOTO, we lived to see the king- 
dom; He me — cmt. jujo onosa sptMe, we 
shall not live flong enough) to see those 
times; Kott suae a^jih lue — eMi> ao 
yrpt, no one can tell whether we may 
live till to-morrow. 

AO>KHHaM-b, — >K-bHBaMi> vo to finish 
reaping, get through reaping; — ce vpr 
to be reaped; —He n finishing reaping; 
— wbHari. ppp. 

Jl03BojiHBaM-b va to allow, permit, grant; to 
authorise (-ize); to admit; koh bh — .ih Aa 
BipuiHTe T-fesH pa6oTH, who gave you 
the permission or who authorised you 
to do these things? — ce vpr to be 
allowed, permitted; Toaa ne ce — aa 
OT'baaKOHa, the law doesn't allow this, 
it is against the law; — ne n. permiting, 
allowing, granting; — ji^nne n permis- 
sion, permittance; authorisation; author- 
ity; — Ji^HT. ppp; — jiHTejieH-b a per- 
mission, of permission, admission (ticket); 
permissive. 

AOs^MaM-b, — sHMaM-b va to get, draw 
the remaining part or the rest (of a 
sum); ome HMaM-b Aa — , I have more 
yet to draw from, there is more of it 
yet coming to me; — ce vpr to be 



gotten, drawn from; — ne n getting or 
drawing from. 

A03H^BaMi> vn to find out, get into the 
facts of (an affair), discover, obtain in- 
formation; — He n finding out; — hhc n 
inquiry into or about, information, cog- 
nizance, knowledge. 

A0366BaM'b va to eat all, finish eating 
the oats {of a horse). 

AoaptaaM-b vn to ripen full, get ripe; — 
He n ripening well, getting thoroughly 
ripe; —jit. ppp; a thoroughly ripe, fully 
ripened. 

AOHrpasaM-b va to finish playing, play 
out, play to the end; —He n playing 
out, playing to the end. 

AditAa V AoxawAaM'b; — a^ mh na ym-b, 
it came to my mind; — a^tc cera, come 
now; rasH HOBHHa mh — Ae Ao6pt na 
cbpAUero, this was a welcome news to 
me; Hafl-nocji'b toM — a6 na ce6e ch, 
he came to (recovered) his senses finally; 
Aano He — Ae, I wish he wouldn't come. 

AOH36poflBaM-b va to finish counting, 
count all; — ce vpr to be counted; — 
He n finishing, getting through count- 
ing. 

AOHsroBdpflM-b, — roB6p{iM-b va to speak 
out fully, pronounce the last word or 
syllable. 

AOHsrpdjKAaM-b V Aorpa>KAaM"b. 

AOH3rpH3BaM-b V AorpH3BaM-b. 

AOH3Kd3BaM-b va to tell or speak out all 
one has to say (on a question); — ce vpr 
to say or tell all out, explain oneself 
fully; HeKa ce — Hca, let me finish 
speaking or what I have to say; v ao- 
H3roBapflM-b; — ne n saying all out; 
finishing speaking; explaining (oneself) 
fully; — SBHT. ppp. 

AOH3pHqaM-b V AOHsroBaptiM-b. 

AOH3n;idmaM-b va to pay the rest (of a 
sum), pay all, pay out, pay up. 

AOH3peKa V AOH3pH<iaMl>. 

AOH3CJiy>KBaM-b va to finish up one's 
term of service, serve out one's time; to 
serve to the end {of an apprentice); — 
He« finishing up one's term of service, 
serving out one's time; — >KeH-b ppp; 
— >KH.n. ppp. 

A6iiKa, — HjiKa, — H^Ka / nurse, wet- 
nurse; milk-maid; teat nip. 

AoHna a; — na Kpaaa, milch-cow, milky 
cow, good milker. 



AOHCKa 



90 



AOKora 



AohckA, ~-m€ ce imp v; — mh ce aa 
CH OTHAa, I had a wish for going home; 
— My ce Aa ch nontci he had a mind 
or a desire for singing; he felt Uke singing; 
lUO My ce — , what did he want? 

AOHCTopHMecKH o prchistoric (times). 

AOKas^rejiCTBo n proof, evidence, tes- 
timony, argument; demonstration; chjiho 
— , strong evidence or prool; Hea-bs- 
MOiKHO — , reduction ad absurdium; 
CJiaCo — , poor evidence; H-bMa hh- 
KaKBo — , there is no evidence what- 
ever; — 3a o6HMb, a sign, token or 
testimony of love; AasaM-b — , to give 
proof or evidence; to adduce proof, de- 
monstrate; np-feAcraBjiM'b — , to tend 
an averment in law; sa — na ryfl e 
<})aKT-bT'b, in support of this is the fact. 

AOK^sBaMii va to prove, show, give a 
proof; to demonstrate; to argue; to est- 
ablish, make good (a claim); — hcth- 
Hara, ^laKra, to prove the truth, the 
tact; — eAHa reopeMa, to demonstrate 
a proposition; rt Tp-k6Ba ^a — Miaxi. 
CBonra HesHBHocTb, they have to prove 
their innocence; — ce vpr to be proved, 
to be demonstrated; mavMHO Moxce na 
ce — >Ke, it is hard to prove; ocrasa 
aa ce —Hie, it remains to be proved; 
Koero Tp-bSsauie aa ce — Me, which 
had to be demonstrated (Q. R. D.) (of a 
proposition); — ne n proving; demon- 
strating; — 3dHHe n V AOKaaarejicTBo; 
— Kd3aHi> ppp;—3yeMi,a demostrabie. 

AOKas^reJib m demostrator; arguer; — 
jien-b a demonstrative, evincive, conclu- 
sive (proof); — HO ad — ly. 

AOKdpBaM-b va to bring, drive up, drive 
to; to cause, occasion; to make up to; 
to fit, adjust; — roBeaa ott. nojiero, 
to bring or drive up cattle from the 
field; — croKa, to bring goods; — no 
BOAa. to bring by water or by floating; 
Tofl Me —pa Ao TOBa cbcroHHHe, he 
brought me or reduced me to this state, 
or to such a pass; — Are ro HaMtcro, 
bring it or adjust it aright; — bt, oko- 
BH, to bring chained or in chains; — 
ce vpr to be brought; to be driven; to 
put on airs, look important or wise; to 
pretend; — ne n bringing; driving; — 
paji-b app\ — H-b ppp. 

AOKar^pBaM-b ce vpr to climb, climb up 
to the top (of a tree). 

AOKard, — k^ti. ad while, as long as, so 



long as; conj until, before, unless, till;. 

HHIUO He MO>KeM-b CTOpH — He AOfl- 

AC TOfl, we can't do anything before 
he comes; oCfleqere ce — smt., dress 
yourself while I finish eating; H-feMa as 
My nniua - ne mh orroBopH, I shan't 
write to him before I get an answer 
from him; v aofa*. 

AOKdq(B)aM-b va to reach, touch, get hold 
of; to offend, hurt, wrong, insult; Maji- 
Ko ro — MMX-b, I touched him slightly,. 
I grazed him; toH ro e chjiho AOKa- 
MHJi-b, he has greatly offended him; — 
ce vpr to be reached, touched, gotten 
hold of; to be offended; to get offended, 
take offence at, feel hurt, insulted; rpo3- 
Aero e mhopo bhcoko aa Aa ce — ih, 
the grapes are too high to be reached; 
TOit ce JiecHO — qa, he is easily of- 
fended, takes offence easily; he ^is- 
touchy; — ne n reaching, touching, get- 
ting hold (of a thing); offending, insult- 
ing; — q^HHe n offence, insult; — qem. 
ppp; a offended, wronged, insulted; aa-b- 
My cbM-b — qenb, I am angry with 
him, I feel offended by him; — Ka / v 
AOKaqeHHe. 

AOKaqHTCJiCH-b a offensive, insulting, abu- 
sive (language); —ho ad — ly, in an 
abusive manner. 

AOKaqjiHB-b a easily offended, sensitive, 
touchy, irritable, peevish; —bo ad 
touchily, peevishly; — Bocxb / suscep- 
tibility, touchiness, irritableness, irrita- 
bility; peevishness. 

AOKa^Aii rn report; account, statement, 
presentment; AaBaMi* — , to report,, 
make a report; — qHKi. m presenter of 
a report; secretary. 

AOKji^ABaMi) va to report, present, make 
a report; to announce; — ce vpr to 
be reported; to be announced; — ne n- 
reporting, presenting a report; presen- 
tation of a report; announce; — ht> ppp. 

AOKJiib ad V AQ^A*, AOKaro. 

AOKOB^BaM-b va to finish forging (met- 
als); to finish hammering, shoeing (a 
horse). 

AOKord ad how long? until when? —to 
ad as long as, so long as, until, till; He 
CH OTHBaHTe — TO He AoitAe Tofl, don't 
go away before he comes; — to toH e 
npH Mene, aa-b Htua Aa ro ocTassr 
rjiaAen-b, as long as he stays with me he 
shall not want; v aofa^to. 



AOKo;iBaM-b 



91 



AOKdjisaM-b va to kill well, finish killing 
(an animal). 

AOk6;iko ad how much, how many, about 
how much; how far, to what extent; caMO 
031. 3HaH — e aacjiy^KHJi'b roll, I only 
know how deserving he is; —to ad as 
far as, as much as; — to mh nosBOJin- 
BaT-b cHjiHTt, as much as I can, the 
best I can, my utmost; —to SHan, toH 
e 6"fe;ieH'b, as far as I know he is a 
poor fellow. 

AOKOJitHHHK-b m small, leg (of a stock- 
ing). 

AOKOn^BaM'b va to finish digging. 

AOKonsaM-b va to seize, clutch, get hold 
of; camo a.z. ro — nairn., it I could only 
seize or clutch him! — ce vpr to seize, 
get hold of; to cling, clasp, grab hold 
of; —He n seizing, grabbing, clutching; 
clutch, hold; — nani. ppp. 

AOK6c(Hy)BaM'b va to touch (a person); 
to affect (one's interests); — ce vpr to 
be touched; to concern, affect; He ce 
— Ba AO Bacb, it doesn't concern you; 
— naji-b app; — naTi. ppp. 

AOKocHBaMi. va to finish mowing, get 
through mowing; — ce vpr to be 
mowed; —He n finishing mowing; — 
ceHT. ppp all mowed. 

AOKp^fl, —a ad to the end, till the end, 
to the finish; throughout; thoroughly, 
wholly, fully; OTKpatt — , from end to 
end, from beginning to end; B-fepen-b — , 
faithful or true to the end; nscjiyuiati- 
TC me — , hear me out, to the end; 
n^TbT-b e rjia^tK-b — , the road is 
smooth throughout. 

AOKpHBtBa imp v\ — mh, I feel vexed, 
provoked, offended; iwHoro iwy e — jit. 
MCHBOTa, life has become a great burden 
to him, he is tired of living. 

AOKp6iiBaM-b, — ^Baiw-b va to finish cutting 
(cloth for garments ; to finish shaping; 
to finish one's plan 

AOKTopyBaM-b vn to be a doctor, prac- 
tise medicine; — ne / practising medi- 
cine. 

AtiKTop-b m doctor; physician; — no iwe- 
AHUHHara, doctor of medicine, physi- 
cian, medical doctor; — no npasoro, 
doctor of law; — no cj)HJioco(J)HJiTa, 
doctor of philosophy (Ph. D); — no Be- 
TcpHHapcTBOTO, veterinary doctor; — 
p^jieni. a doctoral (degree); — ckh a 



doctor's (degree), of a doctor, doctoral; 
— CTBo n doctorship, doctorate (degree). 

AOKTpMHa / doctrine; — h^pctbo n doc- 
trinarianism; — n^p-b m doctrinaire. 

AOKyM^HT-b/n document; deed, tittle-deed; 
— Ti;ieH-b a documental. 

AOKynBaMi. va to buy more, buy in 
addition. 

AOK-b m dock (for ships). 

AOKAVA"^ ad to where, where to, to what 
place; how far; to what extent; — oth- 
Bare, how far do you go? —to ad as 
far as; —to >Ke;iaeTe, as far as you 
like; — to h Aa 6hjio> no matter how 
far. 

AOK;K.CBaM-b '&a to finish tearing (a 
paper), wearing (a coat), plucking (a 
flower), breaking (a string); — ce vpr 
to be torn, worn out, plucked, broken 
completely; — ne / finishing tearing, 
wearing, breaking, plucking; — can-b 
ppp; — cana Apexa, a worn-out garment. 

AOJidBflM-b va to seize, catch, get hold 
of; to catch all, fish all; — ahpht^ Ha 
HtKoro, to get on the track of some 
one; — SByKa, to catch the sound; — 
ce vpr to seize, catch, grasp, clutch, 
get hold of; caiMO ac Mora Aa ce — 
jioBH Ao napHT-fe My, only that I could 
get hold of his money! —He n seizing, 
catching, getting hold of; — JidBCH-b ppp. 

AOJi^raMi. va to report, make a report, 
lay before; to expound; — ce vpr to 
be reported, laid before; — ne n report- 
ing, laying before; — jidweu-b ppp re- 
ported. 

Ao;ii3BaMi> vn to crawl up to, creep up 
to; to sneak into; — ne n crawling or 
creeping up to. 

AOjiaHH ad up to last year, until last 
year 

AOJi^ni. mt wardrobe, cloth-press, cup- 
board; closet, larder; coal-pan (lor roast- 
ing coffee). 

AOJieHT. a low, under, lower; inferior, 
cheap; mean; — njiacri., under-layer; 
— CTajK-b, lower floor, ground-floor; — na 
Apexa, under-garment; — HO-ntMCKH 
AHajieKT-b, low German dialect; — naTa 
KaMapa, the Low*!- House (of Com- 
mons); — HaTa Kjiaca, the low class (of 
people); -naTa nacTb, the lower part; 
— na HHCTanuHH, first instance {law); 
—HO KaqecTBO, inferior quality; —ho 



AOJiiBaM-b 



92 



AOMOBJiaAHKa 



npoH3xo>KAeHHe, low birth; — lostK-b, 
mean, base person. 
AOAHsaM-b va to add more by pouring, 
pour a little more, pour full, fill up; — 
ce vpr to be filled up (to the top); — 
He n filling up, pouring full; h ao- 

JIHBKa. 

AojiHHa /valley, vale, dale; — Jieiti. m d^ 
V Aojii>; — HeHi> a valley, of a valley, 
bottom (land); — HecTT> a full of val- 
leys; — Ka / dim small valley; a nice 
little valley. 

Ao;iHTaM-b vn to fly up to, reach by 
flying, arrive by flying, come flying; 
—He reaching, arriving or coming by 
flying, coming flying; coming with a dash; 
— jiertJi-b ppp come flying. 

.a6;ihh a low, lower; south, southern; v 
AOJieu-b; —H&. f low place, lowness, low 
situation, declivity; — ute n low land, 
low country; v AOAHwa; — HHK-b m 
southwind; Southener; — mt.kt. a dim. 
rather inferior, cheap, pretty mean. 

AOJioui^aa imp v; — mh, I am feeling sick, 
I am not feeling well, I am sick; h*- 
mo My —at, he felt sick. 

Jldfly ad down below; down-stairs; u-fe- 
HHTt CA. — , the prices are low; c^es- 
re — •, come down, come down stairs; 
— ji'bMccuHT'fe, down with the Liars! 
H3;io>KeHi> a explained or stated below; 
—no;inHcaH-b a under signed; — noAnn- 
caHHTt, we the under-signed; — npw- 
BeAeHi> a cited or inserted below; — 
p-feqeHi., — cnoMenaT'b a mentioned 
below, spoken of below; — ut ad dim 
a little below; — jit v AOJiy. 

AOJii> m ravine; defile, hollow-way; — 
q^ n dim small ravine; glen, defile. 

AOJitraMi. v o6jil5rafl'b. 

AOJiioTnBa impv; — mh, it tastes peppery, 
it burns. 

AOM^ ad at home, home; in, within, in- 
side, in the house; ntMa ro — , he is 
not at home or in; y — , at home; — 
;iH CH e Tott, is he (at) home? 6;K.AeTe 
Karo y — ch, be at home, feel as if at 
home. 

AOM^3BaMi> vn to finish greasing, butter- 
ing (bread), rubbing with, painting (a 
door), white-washing (a wall); — ce vpr 
to be greased; to be white-washed; — 
He n greasing, rubbing with; white- 
washing; — sani} ppp. 

AOMaKHH-b m master of the house, land- 



lord, host, proprietor, owner; house- 
keeper, manager; husband; —-xy^ hh 
npne paAymno, the host received us 
very cordially; xofl e ;io6T.p"b — , he 
is a good husband or housekeeper; 
Ka, — HH / lady of the house, mistress, 
of the house, hostess; house-wife, house- 
keeper; Ao6pa — HH a good house wife, 
or housekeeper; — ckh a household, 
of a household; economical; ad econom- 
ically, thriftily; — CTBO n household; 
housekeeping domestic economy, man- 
agement. 

AOM^Ta / tomato; cyna or-b — th, to- 
mato soup; cocb OT-b — TH, catchup. 

AOMdoien-b a home, of home, house, do- 
mestic (animal), home made (articles), 
native; local (trade); iujusehold, family 
(physician), private (education); — hh 
pa6oTH, home, domestic or family ar- 
fairs; — x;it6-b, home-made bread; — 
HO HJiSTHO, home-spun, home-made 
cloth; — HH/7/home folks, inmates, fam- 
ily; — m^pb m stayer at home, a 
lover of the home, a family man; — 
HOCTb / domesticity. 

AOMHBaM-b va to finish washing (dishes), 
scrubbing (the floor), cleaning; — ce 
vpr to get through washing oneself, 
finish washing oneself; — sa ce, wash- 
ing is being finished; —He n finishing 
or getting through washing; —em., — 
Tb ppp all washed. 

AOMMJiaMi. va to finish grinding; — ce 
vpr to be ground; — ne n finishing 
grinding; — M.^tHb ppp all ground. 

AOMHJiiBaM-b vn to be missed; MHoro mh 
— re, I miss you very much; — aa mh 
aa AOMa, I get homesick; qecxo mh 
aa aa Hero, I miss him, think of him 
very often; — ne n missing; — jitjib ppp. 

a5mhho n domino (game of cards). 

AOMHTaMb va to finish sweeping, get 
through sweeping; — ce vpr to be all 
swept; —He n finishing sweeping; — 
M^ren-b ppv all swept. 

AOMdaeub a home, of the home, house- 
hold (gods), house (devil); domiciliary 
(spirit); economical; — bhtt. a thrifty, 
economical; having a home; — anna / 
native home, native country; — HHKb 
m housekeeper, econom, economist; — 
HOCTb / domesticity, family spirit. 

AOMOBjiaAHKa m head or master of the 
house. 



AOMOBjiaAtjieui. 



93 



AOopaBaM-b 



AOMOBjiaAtjieui> m proprietor, owner, 
landlord. 

AOMdrsaM-i. ce vpr to struggle, scramble 
for, make attemt at; canto AaMora jifl. 
ce — Ha Ao Kacara, only that I could 
reach or clutch the money-safe! 

AOMOcrpoHTejib a house-builder, archi- 
tect; house-manager, house-steward; — 
CTBO n house-building; good manage- 
ment, demestic economy. 

AOMOT^BaM-b va to finish reeling, wind- 
ing; — ce vpr to be all reeled, wound; 
—He n finishing reeling or winding; — 
Tarn, ppp all reeled or wound. 

AOMOw^AHe n household, family. 

AOMyuiBaMi. va to finish sticking or 
thrusting in. 

AOMyaaMi. vn to keep house, run a 
house, be house-keeping; to live; — ne 
n keeping or running a house; house- 
keeping; living, dwelling. 

AOM-b m home; household, family, dom- 
icile; HOB-kKi> 6e3-b — , a homeless 
person, a man without any home; cna- 
CHTejieH-b — , a house of refuge; necTb- 
ra na eAHH-b — , family hono(u)r; uap- 
CKH — , royal family or house; cb ut- 
jiHti CM—, with one's whole family; — — , 
NHjiii — , home, home, sweet home! — 
Mik. ad home, at home; v AOMa. 

AOM-&K(Hy)BaM'b (-Ha) va to drag up 
to, trail or draw up to; sauio ro — 
Haxre ryKa, why did you drag or bring 
him here? — ce vpr to drag oneself 
up to; to be dragged up to; to steal up 
to, to draw near; (J-bpiKe ce — naxi. ao 
Hero, I quickly dragged myself (or 
stole) up to him; —He n dragging, trail- 
ing; stealing, drawing near; — nax-b ppp. 

AOM-^pBaM-b va to finish measuring; — 
He n finishing measuring. 

AOMtcflM-b va to finish kneading (bread), 
mixing; — ce vpr to be well kneaded 
or all kneaded; — ne n finishing knead- 
ing; — CCHT. ppp. 

AOMAMHABa imp z/; — mh I am tired of, 
sick of; I miss, feel homesick; — mh 
3a Hero, I miss him; — My aa AOMa, 
he is homesick; — ntjio mh e Beqe Aa 
paCora, I am tired or sick of working 
any longer; ne xp-feSBa Aa My — ko- 
raro My ce Kapar-b, he shouldn't feel 
offended when scolded. 

AOHa6HpaM-b (-6epa) va to gather, pick. 



collect a little or a few. 

A6HaA6a / globe-flower. 

AOH^ctiM-b (-neca) va to bring, fetch; to 
inform against, report; — nec^re mh 
wauia BOAa, bring me a glass of water; 
HCMora Aa —neca xcejitaoro, the 
iron bar is too heavy for me to carry; 
mo na. My —neca sa oCtAiit what 
shall I bring him for dinner? rofl e 
koAto —en THJi pa6oTH, he is the: 
man that tells on of these affairs; — ce. 
vpr to be brought; to be carried; to be- 
reported; — ne n bringing, fetching; 
carrying; informing, information. 

AOHAypMi // jieAeno. 

AoneAtJiH ad by this week, by the end. 
of this week, before next week; naji- 
TOTO BH me 6AAe fotobo — Bp-feMef. 
your coat will be ready by next week. 

Aoneca v AonacsiM-b; — Hec^nne n ia- 
formation, report; accusation, slander;. 
— H^ceHHK-b V AOBeAeHHK-b; — n^cen-b 
ppp; — neccHo My 6H.no, if has been, 
reported to him. 

AOHH3BaM-b va to finish stringing. 

AOHHcaaM-b V AOHaciiMi>. 

AOHdcb/n information; accusation; —hhk\>- 
m informer; slanderer. 

AOHocaM-b va to wear out, wear out com- 
pletely {of clothes, etc,)\ to finish, have 
done using, be through wearing; — 
CAHa Apexa ao Kpafl, to completely 
wear out a garment, to use a garment- 
till it is worn out; — ce vpr to be 
worn out, get worn out; rasH luanKa 
He MO>Ke Aa ce — ch, this hat has no 
wearing out, will last for good; — ne 
n wearing out (completely), finishing 
using; — cem. ppp; — cArejib m inform- 
er; slanderer; — ui^nne v AoneceuHe. 

AontrA* ad to a certain distance or place 
to a certain degree or extent; a little; 
noxoAexe — , walk a little, to a cer- 
tain distance; — roii e npaB-b, he is 
right to a certain degree; h AOHtHAt. 

AOH^Kora ad for a certain time, for a 
time or while. 

AOo6HpaM-b v Ao6HpaM-b. 

A006p'bCBaM'b V A06p'bCBaM'b. 

AOOA^Bt ad up to a little while ago. 

AOop^BaM-b va to finish or get through 
ploughing, be through with ploughing; 
— ce vpr to be ploughed entirely; — 
He finishing ploughing; — ht. ppp. 



AonaAatrb 



94 



AODp-bCK(B)aM-|> 



AoaAjiiua-h (-hh) vn to come, come about, 
arrive, light upon, meet with, hit; KaK-b 
— RaxTC TyKa, how did you happen 
to come here? — aoao^ph xopa, to 
come across, meet with good people; 
caMO Aa MH ce —He eAH-biia>; only 
that it come to my way oncel only to 
get hold of it oncel tob — na bi> px.- 
u-brt Ha HenpHHTejiHT'fe My, he fell 
into the hands of his enemy; — hc n 
coming across, meeting with, chancing 
to meet, lighting upon; — Haji-b ppp; — 
Hajio My, it has come his way, he has 
been lucky. 

Aoneq^TBaM-b va to finish printing, print 
all; — ce vpr to be all printed; — ne 
n finishing printing, printing all; — 
ran-b ppp. 

AonHBaM-b va to finish up, drink up, drink 
out one's glass; CAaaM-b ch fitxi.— 
nujrb bhhoto, I had scarcely finished 
up my glass of wine. 

AonHJiisaM-b (-ji-fesi) va to scatter, squan- 
der all (of one's money). 

AonHjiHM-b va to finish filing. 

AonHn(B)aM-b va to touch, reach, seize, 
take hold of; — nax-b ro Hafl-nocJi-b, I 
got hold of him at last; — ce vpr to be 
reached, touched, gotten hold of; He 
MOAcc Aace — nnna, it can't be reached, 
or gotten hold of; — ne n reaching, 
touching, getting hold of; —nam. ppp. 

AOnHpaMi. va to touch; to rest on, upon; 
vn to adjoin, border; ne ce — paflre ao 
Meue; don't touch me, don't come near 
me; TOfl ch — np-fe rjiasara ao cr-k- 
nara, he let his head rest on the wall; 

— ce vpr to be touched; to touch 
oneself; asi. ce caMo — nptx-b ao 
Hero, I just touched him; —ne/i touch- 
ing; resting; bordering, adjoining; touch; 
cb CAHO —He, with one touch; — 
nptn-b ppp touched, touching, lean- 
ing against, on or upon. 

AontipaM-b va to finish washing (clothes); 

— ce vpr to be washed; —He n finisli- 
ing washing; — npan-b ppp. 

AonHp^rejieH-b a contiguous, touching; 

—Ha JiHHHii, tangent. 
AOHHCBaM'b va to linish writing, to get 

through writing; — ce vpr to be written; 

— He n finishing writing; — cam. ppp. 
A^HHCKa / article, letter, correspondence; 

— HHK-b m corespondent. 
AonHTsaM-b ce vpr to ask one's advice. 



go for advice, consult (a doctor); to re- 
fer oneself to; — ao ntKofl aABOKar-b, 
to ask, consult or se^ a lawyer; — ne n 
consulting, asking for an advice; refer- 
ence. 

AonHqaiMi. va to bake well, bake enough; 
to bake the rest, the remainder; to let 
it bake well or sufficiently; — ce vpr 
to be baked well: — hc n baking well, 
sufficiently; — n^qem. ppp well baked, 
baked enough. 

AonJi^aaM-b vn to sail up to (of a ship), 
swim up to (o/ a ma«), reach by sailing 
or swimming; — ne n sailing or swim- 
ming up to; Tofl CKopo — jrb ao 6pt- 
ra, he soon swam up to the shore. 

Aonji^AH-b ad up till noon, till noon; by 
noon. 

Aonji^KHysaMi. va to linish rincing, 
rince out. 

Aonji^KBa imp v; — mh ce, I feel like 
crying. 

AonndiuaMi. (-TH) va to pay up, pay the 
rest or remainder (of a sum), pay up 
all; — ce vpr to be paid all; Tp-feSsa 
Aa My ce — th ome TOJiKOsa, he 
must be paid as much more; — ue n 
paying up, paying up all; — ra/ differ- 
ence, balance; — rem. ppp; — niji-bapp. 

AonjiHTaM-b va to finish knitting (a stock- 
ing), braiding or plaiting (the hair, 
etc), weaving; — ce vpr to be knitted, 
braided; — ne n finishing knitting, braid- 
ing; — nji^rem. ppp. 

AonjiysaMi. v AonjiasaM-b. 

AonjiisMM-b va to finish weeding; — ce 
vpr to get entirely weeded; — ne n 
finishing weeding; — Bern, ppp entirely 
weeded. 

AondcJit ad until a latter time. 

Aonpa V AonnpaMi. 

AonpdBHM-b va to finish building, build 
up; to finish repairing, fixing, straight- 
ening; to put to, add, join; — ce vpr 
to be entirely built up, constructed; to 
be added to; — ne n finishing building, 
constructing; repairing, adding to; fixing; 
-Bern. ppp. 

Aonp^u^aM-b (-th) va to send; — ce vpr 
to be sent; — ne n sending; — rem. ppp. 

AonpHAaM-i> va to finish spinning; — ce 
vpr to be spun; — ne n finishing spin- 
ning; — np-bACHT. ppp. 

Aonp-bCK(B)aMi. va to finish sprinkling, 
watering. 



Aonp-fcAH 



95 



AOCKOPO 



jlonptAH ad heretofore, up till now, ere 
now. 

jlonycKaiM'b va to admit, allow, grant; to 
permit, let; — bt, reariipa, to admit 
into the theater; He My — aa npasH 
ryft, I do not allow him to do this; jin 
—Ha qe ere npas-b, suppose I admit 
or grant that you are right; rt ne — 
Ti* HHKoro Bi> KAiuJiaTa CH, they let 
nobody into their house; — ce vpr to 
be admitted, allowed, granted, permit- 
ted; to be let; — ne n admitting, letting 
in, into; allowing; granting; admission, 
access; — Hax-b ppp; — THM-b a admis- 
sible, allowable; possible; h Aonyu(aMi>. 

jton'bJiSHBaM'b vn to creep or crawl up 
to; —He n creeping or crawling up to; 
— fl-b ppp. 

Aon-hnH^Hue n complement, supplement; 
object {gram)', addition; bt. — na nnc- 
MOTO CH, referring to my letter, in ad- 
dition to what I have already said in 
my letter. 

Aon'b;iHHTe;ieH'b a additional, supplement- 
ary, complementary; extra; — hh h3- 
6opH, by-elections. 

jlon'bJiHHM'b va to complete, make up, 
fill up; to balance; to supply; -Hire 
uiHuieTO flo B-bpxa, fill the bottle 
to the brim; — ce vpr to be filled up. 
made up, completed; — ne n filling up, 
completing; — nen-b ppp. 

^lon-bpiKBaM-b va to fry the last, finish 
frying, fry up all; — ce vpr to get 
fried, be fried; — ne n finishing frying; 
— JKCHT. ppp. 

JtonisaM-b va to finish the song, the 
music, sing to the end; — ch vpr to 
finish one's song; — ne n finishing sing- 
ing, singing to the end. 

A<3nA.TH ad next time, at other time. 

AopaMaA>KHH mt v crojiapb; — ajkhHctbo 
n V CTojiapcTBO. 

AopdcTBaM-b vn to grow up, grow full, 
to mature; — ne n growing up, growing 
full, maturing. 

AopAt ad while; till, until, before, unless; 
qyKafl wejitsoro — e ropemo, strike 
the iron while red hot; H-feMa jia. ch 
OTH^a — MH He oe-bmaere rasH khh- 
ra, I will not go away before you prom- 
ise to give me this book. 

A^peAa ad v aoh&th. 

Aopii ad even; — ao, even to, up to, as 



far as; — aKO, even though, even if. 

AopeHA(ScBaM-b va to finish planing (a 
board), get through planing; — ce vpr 
to be planed; —He n finishing planing. 

^lopiiecTT. a fallow-bay, bay (horse). 

AopHcyaaM-b va to finish drawing or 
painting (a picture); — ce vpr to be 
finished (painting), be painted or drawn; 
—He n finishing drawing or painting. 

AopHqecKH a Doric. 

AopiasaM-b va to finish cutting; — ce 
vpr io be all cut; —He n finishing cut- 
ting, cutting all. 

AOC^Aa / vexation, bother, annoyance, 
trouble, bore, nuisance; — Aen-b, — ah- 
rejien-b a vexing, vexatious, annoying, 
tedious, troublous, boring; —ho, — ah- 
rejiHO ad tiresomely. 

AOc^xcAaMi. va to vex, annoy, weary, 
provoke, bore, plague; toH mh mhopo 
— Aa, he bores me a great deal; ne 
A'^flre My — Aa, don't annoy him; — 
Aa MH x<HBOTa, I am weary of my 
life, am sick of living; —He n annoy- 
ing, vexing, boring; annoyance, vexa- 
tion; bore. 

AOcaM6 ad right to, right by, immediately 
to; H AocaMott. 

AOCBH}KAa ce vpr, — a*^ mh ce Aa My 
AaMT. KOHH CH, I regretted giving him 
my horse; nHKaKi* ne mh ce — A'b, I 
didn't not regret it at all. 

Aocerd a heretofore, hitherto, till now, 
until now, ere now, up till now, before 
now, up to this time; — uieni. a former, 
past. 

AOceKd v AocHiaM-b. 

AOCHHBaM-b va to add, pour more, fill 
up, make up by pouring; — n^re ome 
MajiKO, pour a little more; — ce vpr 
to be added by pouring, filled up; — ne 
n adding by pouring, pouring more, fill- 
ing up by pouring; -hi. ppp- 

AOCHTOCTb ad to over-fill, to one's heart's 
content, to satiety, to one's fill. 

AOCH<iaM-b va to finish cutting. 

AOCK^qaM-b vn to come, reach, arrive by 
galloping or jumping; to reach by mak- 
ing another jump; to come to pass. 

AOCK6po ad a while ago, until recent- 
ly, this minute; roft — e-feuie ci. 
nacb, he was with us not a long time 
ago; — uieH-b a of recent date, recent 
(arrival). 



AOCKy6BaMi> 



AOCToen-b 



AocKy6BaM'b va to finish plucking, pull- 
ing or picking. 

AOCJiyiKBaMi* va to finish one's term of 
service, serve one's time; TptCsa jja 
ce — xcH, one must finish one's term of 
service; —He n serving out (one's time); 
— xceH-b ppp; — >KeHO sp-bMe, time 
served. 

AocMaAtsa imp v\ panara mh — , my 
wound is beginning to smart. 

AocMyKBaM-b va to suck out all, or the 
rest, to finish sucking; — ce vpr to be 
finished by sucking, be all sucked; —He 
H sucking out all. 

AOCH^mn ad up till last night, till last 
evening. 

AOcdjiHMi., — ji^BaiM-b va to finish salt- 
ing; to put enough salt in; — ce vpr 
to be salted; —He n finishing salting; 
putting enough salt in; — jicht. ppp. 

AocndsaMi*, — cnHsaM-b va to finish one's 
sleep, sleep to the end, sleep out; He 
Moroxi. AS ch — nH, I couldn't finish 
my sleep; — ne n finishing one's 
sleep, sleeping to the end; toH He cm 
e — naji-b, he didn't get his full sleep. 

AocpaMtea, — cp^Msa imp v; —Me Aa 
MyHCKaMi) noaeqenapHjIam ashamed 
to ask him for more money; — Me 
OTT. Hero, I am ashamed of him; hh- 
KaKi> ro He — , he has no shame what- 
ever. 

AocpyTBaM-b va to pull down, demolish 
completely or entirely; — ce vpr to 
come down comletely, fall into utter ruin; 
—He n pulling down or demolishing 
completely; — tchi. ppp all pulled down, 
entirely demolished. 

AOcp-feAi* ad to the middle, up to the 
centre. 

Aocra nd enough, sufficiently, adequate- 
ly; considerably; tobb e — , that is 
enough, that is plenty; — CMe ctohjih 
TyKa, we have stayt d here long enough. 

AOCTdBHM'b va to supply, furnish; to get, 
obtain, procure; to afford, give, present; 
— HtKOMy napn; to furnish, supply 
or provide one with money; — CTOKa, 
to supply (ofle) with goods; TOsa My — 
Bii rojitMO yAOBOJicTBHe, that gives 
him a great pleasure, affords him 
a great amusement; — ce vpr to 
be supplied, furnished, provided; to 
be procured, obtained; to supply or 



furnish oneself with; B-bscraKHHUHT-fr 
ch — bhjih MHoro opMMCHe> the revo-^ 
lutionists have supplied themselves with' 
a large quantity of arms; toJI ch e — 
BHJi-b AOBojiHO AiipBa, he has supplied 
or provided himselt with plenty of 
wood; — He n supplying, furnishingr 
providing; giving, affording; delivery; 
supply; — BeH-b ppp; — Ka / supply; 
shipment (of goods); delivery; — qHKi> 
m supplier; furnisher. 

AOCTdTT.KT> m abundance, sufficiency. 

AOCTiTi>4eHi> a abundant, sufficient; —ho 
ad — ly, enough, considerably; roBa e — 
HO> that is sufficient, plenty, enough; 
that will do; — HOCTb/ sufficiency, a- 
bundance. 

AOCTHraM-b (-na) va to reach, get to, 
touch, overtake; to attain, realise (-ize); to 
obtain, get, acquire; ^iHCHuara ne Mor> 
jia Aa —He rpo3AeTO, the fox couldn't 
reach the grapes; — ct. p«.KaTa ch, 
to reach, touch with one's hand; — 
ApyiKHHara ch, to reach or overtake 
one's company; — crapa B-bspacTb, to 
reach, attain, arrive at an old age; — ch 
neTHT-fe, to reach one's heels; — u-fejibra 
CH, to realise one's aim or purpose; ut- 
Hara na M-fecoTO — na ao MaKCHMy- 
Ma, the price of meat reached Its max- 
imum; sapaAH Hero epar-b My — na 
AC TOBa cbCTOflHHe, It was on his ac- 
count that his brother came to this 
pass; AOFAt- HaxTC, how far have you 
reached er gone up? — ce vpr to be 
reached, touched; to be attained, real- 
ised; to come or get to; raBana ne 
MoiKe Aa ce — ne, the ceiling can't be 
reached, is too high to be reached; — 
He n reaching, arriving (at a place), 
getting to, coming up to; overtaking 
(a person); attaining; — nar-b ppp; — 
HCHMi. a attainable, obtainable, within 
reach. 

AOCTOBtpen-b a authentic, undoubted, 
creditable; — HOCTb / authenticity, cred- 
itability. 

AocTOsafi-fejitiKHTejieH'b a remarkable; 
memorable (event), worthy of notice. 

AOCTdCH-b a worthy, deserving, quali- 
fied; — 3a noxBaAa, worthy of praise; 
— 3a uapb, worthy to be a king; — 
Who ad worthily, deservedly; — hhctbo 
n merit, worthiness, worth, desert, hon- 



AOCTOJitneH-b 



97 



AorerjisiM-b 



our, dignity; ct. — hhctbo, worthily, 
with dignity; deservedly; MOB-feK-b Cea-b 
HHKaKBO — HHCTBO, a man of no worth 
or dignity whatever. 

AOCTOJi'feneH'b a respectable, estimable; 
dignified; magnificent; —ho ad in a 
respectable or dignified manner, with 
dignity, with propriety. 

itocTon6MeTeHT> a memorable; — ho ad 
— bly; — HOCTb / — ness. 

jtocTonoiT^HT. a respectable, honourable, 
estimable; — MOB-feKi., an honourable 
man; — hh r-ue, respectable sir! —ho 
ad respectably; good-mannerly. 

;iocTpxB4;ieH'b a praiseworthy; —ho ad 
praiseworthily. 

AOCTonsaM'b vn to stay through, remain 
to the end; to stand to the end; to 
keep (one's promise); Tpt6Bauie Aa — 
HM-b AO Kpati Ha ci>6paHHeTO, we 
ought to have remained until the 
meeting was over; toM peAKo ch — 
Ba Ha AyiMara, he seldom lieeps his 
word. 

AocTOHHHe n possession, property, for- 
tune, right, privilege; inheritance; 06- 
mo — , common possession or privilege; 
universal inheritance. 

AocTpauidsa imp v; — Me» I am rather 
afraid or scared, I dare not; — ui6 ro Aa 
AoflACf he was afraid to come, dared 
not to come, did not dare to come. 

AOCTpHrBaM-b (->Ka) va to finish cutting, 
finish trimming (one's hair); to finish 
shearing or fleecing 'sheep, etc). 

AOcrpyrBaiM-b va to finish turning (on a 
lathe), get through turning; — ce vpr 
to get turned; — ne n finishing turning; 
— ran-b ppp. 

AOCT«.m> m access, admission, approach; 
Toii H%Ma — B-b ABopeua, he has no 
access to the court; — nem. a easy of 
access, accessible, open, approachable; 
—HOCTb / accessibility, accessibleness. 

AocyKBaM-b va to finish twisting; — ce 
vpr to be or get all twisted; — ne n 
finishing twisting; — Kam. ppp- 

AOcyTpt ad until to-morrow, till morning. 

AOcymdBaM-b va to finish drying, dry 
thoroughly or completely, dry well; — 
ce vpr to dry well, thoroughly; — ne 
n drying well, thoroughly; finishing 
drying. 

AOcyuiKa ad every bit, to the last par- 
ticle. 



Aocym'b ad wholly, entirely, altogether. 
Aoci>6dpiiMi> v AocpyTBaMii. 

AOCbAHpaM-b v AOAHpaM1>. 

Aocip6aM-b va to finish sipping, sip all,, 
the rest; — ce vpr to be all sipped; 
— He n sipping all; — ht. ppp. 

AOCbpdnsa imp v\ — me A^naHbra, I have 
an itching in my palm, the palm of my 
hand, itches. 

Aoc-bxBaiH'b (-Ha) vn to dry well, com- 
pletely, thoroughly; to get dry? — ne n 
drying well, getting well dried. 

AoctBaMi. va to finish sowing or winnow- 
ing: — ce vpr to be all sowed (0/ a 
field); — ne n finishing sowing; —em., 
— T-b^ ppp. 

AoctAtBaiH-b vn to stay out, stay till 
the end; to serve one's time; — ao Be- 
HepbTa, to remain till the evening; — 
y HtKofl rocnoAapb, to finish one's 
time in the employment of a master; 
— Ba ce imp v to be tiresome; — ne n 
staying to the end. 

A^CtKa V AOCHHaM-b. 

AoctTJiHB-b a perspicacious, quick to see, 
sagacious, discerning; —bo ad saga- 
ciously; — BocTb / sagacity, perspica- 
city, sagaciousness, perspicaciousness, 
discernment. 

AOcimaiM-b ce vpr to perceive, surmise, 
see or get into a thing, to guess, make 
out; to recollect; to be thoughtful, do 
the right thing; toH HHKora ne me 
ce — th, he will never think of it; he 
will never get into it or make it out; 
K.«.CHO ce — th, he thought of it too 
late; — nen guessing, surmising; discern- 
ment, thoughtfulness. 

AOCHraiM-b V Aoctraivf-b. 

AOCflAt ad till now, hitherto, up to here. 

AOTaKaivfb vu to finish tapping, pouring 
out (wine); to rack off the remain- 
der. 

AOTiiMT. ad so far, to such a degree or 
extent; up to that place, there; ott» 
TyK-b AO — , from here to there; a 
stone's throw; — Bene naxajien-b, he 
is so bold! H AOTaiw-fe. 

AOT^rjiHiwb va to drag, trail or draw up 
to (a place); to finish weighing, weigh 
all; — ce vpr to be dragged, drawn up 
to; to be all weighed; — ne n dragging 
up to, pulling up to; weighing; — jieni 
ppp; H AOT6rjiiOBaM-b (-jia). 

7 



AOTer(Hy)BaM'b 



AoyqBaM-b 



AOT^r(Hy)BaM'b (-Ha) vn to weigh heav- 
ily, leel heavy; to weary, tire, make 
sick, to bore; to be weary, tired, sick; — 
sa My Ha paiMOTO, it feels heavy on 
his shoulder; xt my MHoro — r-b ci. 
CBOHTt Atua, their children are a 
great bother to him; mhofo iwy — sa 
xcMBora, he is weary or tired of his life; 
— Ha mh seie Aa ro cjiyuiaM-b, I am 
tired, ^weary or sick of listening to him; 
— Ba ce Ha qoB-feKa Aa siAe see c«.- 
moTO CAene, man gets tired of eating 
the same thing all the time; — ne n 
weighing heavily; wearying, tiring; vex- 
ation; Tofl MH e MHoro — Haji-b,Iam 
tired of him; he bores me a great deal. 

AOTHqaMi> va, — ce vpr to come running, 
run up to, to hasten; — ce na noMOiub, 
to hasten to one's help, run to the as- 
sistance (of a person;; rofl — Md ao 
AOKTopa, he ran up to the doctor, went 
for the doctor; — ne n running up to, 
hastening; —jit. ppp. 

AOTK^BaMli V AOT'bKasaM'b. 

AOTJi^cKBaMi> va to push or shove up to 
the end; — ce vpr to be pushed up 
to the end; — ne n pushing up to the 
end; finish pushing; — Kan-b ppp. 

AOTordsa ud till then, until then, during 
that time; KaKBo Aa npasH — , what 
shall I do till then, till that time? — hh- 
Kx.A'fe Aa He xoAHxe, you shouldn't 
go anywhere during that time; — raeHT> 
a of that time or period. 

AOTdJiKOBa ad so much, to such a degree, 
to such an extent; — Aajieq-b, so far, 
as far. 

AOTdnjiiOBaMi> (-jih) va to warm up well, 
heat sufficiently. 

AOTon»BaMi> va to melt all, finish 
melting; to thaw all; — ce vpr to be 
all melted; to be all thawed {of snow, 
etc); —He n melting all, finishing melt- 
ing or thawing; — nem. ppp. 

AOT6HBaMi> (-qa) va to finish sharpen- 
ing (a knife), honing (a razor); to tap 
all (wine); — ce vpr to be sharpen- 
ed or honed sufficiently; to be all tap- 
ped; —He n finishing turning, sharp- 
ening, honing, tapping; — qen-b ppp. 

AOTpktiBaM-b vn to endure, stand to the 
end; to last out, hold out, bear up to 
the last; to wear out [of shoes, etc); — 
re AO yrpt, hold out until to-mor- 
row, be patient till to-morrow; ue 



6HXMe Mor;iH Aa — eMe 6e3-b BOAa» 

we could'nt possibly hold out or 
stand without water; eABaM-b ce — fljii* 
Aa He roBopH, he barely restrained 
himself from talking. 

AOTp6nBaM-b va to kill or destroy thor- 
oughly. 

AorpHBaM-b va to finish rubbing or mas- 
saging (a person); to finish sawing 
(wood;; — ce vpr to be rubbed, be fin- 
ished rubbing; to be all sawed; —ne 
n finishing rubbing; finishing sawing; 
en-b, — T-b ppp. 

AOTp6uiBaM-b va to finish breaking, break 
entirely; — ce vpr to be entirely brok- 
en; to break entirely; — ne n break- 
ing entirely, finishing breaking; — 
uien-b ppp completely broken. 

AOTpi6BaM-b vn to be needed; bh« uie 
MH —re, I shall have need of you; — 
Ba jiH MH H^iuo, whenever I need 
anything; in case I need or want any- 
thing; — B^jio My, what need has he 
of it! 

AOTpiGnM-b va to finish picking (rice, etc). 

AOT-bK^BaM-b va to finish weaving; — ce 
vpr to be all woven; — ne n finish- 
ing weaving; — qen-b ppp. 

AOTiKMABaM-b va to make up, even up, 
make right; to replace; to settle; — ce 
vpr to be made up, made right; — 
eAHa cyMa, to even up a sum; nne 
ce — MHXMe c-b Hero, we settled up 
our account with him; — ne n making 
up (for a deficiency), evening up, settling 
up (of an acount); replacing; — M^H-b 
ppp made up, evened up {of a sum). 

AOT-bMHHBa imp v; — mh, my eyes get 
dim, I get dizzy. 

AOT-bOKBaM-b va to finish trampling upon; 
to finish beating (a road) down; to 
stuff up well {of a pillow); — ce vpr 
to be trampled upon or down; to be 
beaten down; to be stuffed up to the 
lop; —He n trampling upon; finishing 
beating down; stuffing up; — Kanb ppp. 

AOT'bpn'feBaM'b V AOTpaHBaub. 

AOT-bTpyBaM-b V AOBAaqaM-b. 

AOTiipq^BaM-b (-qa) v AOTHqaM-b. 

AOT«.AtBa ad up to here, as far as here. 

Aoyrp-fe ad till morning, till to-morrow. 

AOyqsaM-b (-qa) va to finish teaching (a 
person); vn to finish learning (a les- 



AOBTaCBaM-b 



AOUIHBaMl> 



son); —He n finishing teaching or learn- 
ing; mastering (a trade). 

AOBTdCSaM'b V AOB'bpUIBMM'b. 
AOX^MCAaiM-b V AOXOlKAaM'b. 

AOxdpMBaM-b va to spend all; to sell all; 
— ce vpr to be all spent; to be all 
sold; — He n spending all; — qen-b ppp 
all spent. 

j^oxBdiuaM'b (-ua) va to reach, grasp, 
touch. 

A^xoAi* tn income, revenue; receipts, tak- 
ings; rent; return; mhctt. — , net pro- 
fit; roAHmem. — , yearly income; atp- 
McaBHH —AH. state revenues; aojkh- 
BoreHT. — , Jile-rent; iKHsiiti Ha — Aa 
CM, to live on one's income; — acht. a 
profitable, productive, lucrative, paying; 
— Aeui> m dim a little income or rent; 
— HOCTb / profitableness, productivity. 

AOx6xcAaM-b va to come; to come to, 
come at; to get at, get to, to arrive; to 
reach, attain; to arise, proceed from; 
to come about, fall out, happen; — 
Ha ce6e ch, to come to oneself, recov- 
er; ToU — Aa pano ua pa6oTa, he 
comes to his work early; — Aa mh 
Ha yiMi}, it comes to my mind or me- 
mory, I recollect; — neuib, to come on 
foot; He — AaflTe6jiH3o AOMene, don't 
come near me, keep away from me; pa- 
CoTara — Aa APyronHe, things come 
out differently; — Aa mh ao hoh- 
ca, it reaches up to my waist; caMO 
HeKa aoHac TyKa, just let him show 
his face here! same ere AouiJiii xyKa, 
why have you come here? what are 
you doing here? ne Mowe Aa ce a<5H- 
Ae AC H-bKoe saKJiioqeHHe, they can't 
come to (or arrive at any) conclusion; 
[ — He n coming; arriving, arrival; — 

ui^ji-b ppp; V AoHAa. 

AOxp^HsaM-b va to finish feeding; — ce 
vpr to finish eating; — ne n finishing 
feeding or eating. 

AOUKHO V K1>CHO. 

jtouiBTtBavcb on to come to blossoming 

or blooming. 

AOu-biKAaM-b (-ah) va to strain or drain the 

, remainder; to rack off all; — ce vpr 

\ to be drained to the last drop; — ne n 

straining all, the last drop. 

Aoq^KeaM-b va to live and see, wait and 

see; — KaxMe Aa bhahmii h B-bSAyui- 

UHH Kopa6-b, we lived to see the air- 



ship too; uio — Kax-b Aa bhahi what I 

have lived to see! what I must witness! 
uio ce e — Ka;io, h u^o HMa ouie Aa 
ce — Ka, what one has already seen, 
and what yet is to be witnessed! — 
He n living out, living till, living to 
see; — Kam. ppp. 

Aoi^cb ad a little later on, within a 
short time from now, after a while. 

AOi^nKBaM-b va to finish picking (cotton); 
to seize, get hold of, clutch; — ce vpr 
to be all picked; to clutch, cling to; — 
He n picking (cotton); clutching, cling- 
ing to; — KajiT. app; — Kan-b ppp. 

AOiepHflBa imp v; — mh, my eyes get 
dim, I feel dizzy, I am dizzy; I lose 
patience. 

Aoq^PHiOBaM-b va to finish blacking. 

AOMepT^BaM'b va to finish tracing or 
sketching. 

AOHHCTBaM-b (-th) vu to finish cleaning; 
He MOMte Aa ce — th, it is too hard 
work to clean; — ne n cleaning; — 
TeHT. ppp, 

AomiTaM-b va to finish reading, read 
through, read to the end; ao fa* —h^- 
TOXMe, how far have we gone read- 
ing? — ce vpr to be read through, 
be finished; rasH KHHra ne ce — ra, this 
book is too long to read; — ne n finish- 
ing reading, reading to the end; — 
H^Ji-b app; — uixeH'b ppp. 

AoqyBaM'b va vn to hear distinctly, make 
out a sound; xofl He — aa, he can't hear 
well; He — lyx-b, I did not hear it dis- 
tinctly, did not catch the sound; — ce 
vpr to be heard (distinctly); — He n 
hearing, making out (a sound); — qyjii. 
("■PP', — T-b ppp heard, caught by the ear. 

AOMyKBaM-b va to finish striking (a nail), 
nail down or up well; to finish thresh- 
ing (wheat, etc). 

AO^y^BaM-b va to finish breaking, break 
the rest or remaining part; — ce vpr 
to break entirely or completely; to be 
all broken up; — ne n finishing break- 
ing, breaking the remaining part; — 
nen-b ppp; — nHJi-b app. 

AOuidpsaM'b z/fl finish variegating, colo(u)r- 
ing or staining. 

AOui^Ji'b ppp; V AOxa>KAaM'b; Ao6p-fe — 
AH pi welcome! 

AomHBaM'b va to finish sewing; — ce 
vpr to be sewed up; — ne n sewing up, 
finishing sewing; —em., — tt. ppp. 



AomaBHM-b 



100 



Ape6Ht<i 



AomdBHM-b va to finish pulling, pluck- 
ing (a fowl), picking; h AoiuHnBaiM-b. 
Aoui^ imp v; — jih mh ce as ch no- 

cna, whenever I feel sleepy, in case I 
get drowsy; — m-bno My ce sHHue, he 
would like a little wine. 

a6 lue imp v\ — sp^Met a time will 
come. 

AoeA^Ba imp v; — me, I get angry, feel 
angry, provoked, get mad. 

AO^M^ABMi., — H>KAaMi> va to finish eat- 
ing; ~ CH aaji-bra, to finish one's 
mouthful. 

A<5a va to nurse, suckle (a baby), milk 
(a cow); — ce vpr to be milked, get 
milked; — ene n milking (a cow), nurs- 
ing, suckling (an infant); —em. ppp\ 
— n4Ka / wet-nurse, nurse. 

AP^rH a dear; — npHHTejiio, dear friend ! 

AP^rHM-bK-b a dim very dear, very pre- 
cious, darling; — ko n dear; p-feMH —kg, 
guess and you can have it! 

Aparo ad glad; — mh e Aa bh bhah, I 
am glad to see you; — My e ci. 
Mene, he is very happy with me; — 
MH e Aa ro rjicAaMi., I can't look at 
him enough or too much, I love to 
look at him; — mh e Aa Bh KaMca, I 
am pleased or happy to tell you. 

AparoBdjieH'b a willing, ready, sponta- 
neous; —HO a with one's own accord; 
willingly, readily, gladly. 

AparoM^H-b m dragoman, interpreter, guide. 

ApdrocTb / joy, pleasure, happiness. 

AparouiHCeni) a precious (stone), dear 
(friend); — HOCTb / preciousness; jewel- 
ry, jewels. 

AparysaMi. vn to live in amity (with 
a person). 

Aparyn-b m dragoon {mil). 

Aparb a dear (friend); -rnr-He, dear sir! 
— fh Moit, my dear; — rn poAHrejiH, 
my dear parents! 

Ap^>KecTb / pleasure, joy, gladness. 

AP^SHfi va to vex, tease, provoke, plague, ir- 
ritate, tantalise (-ize); — ce vprio be vexed, 
teased, tantalised, provoked; to get pro- 
voked, angry; to worry, feel worried, 
worry oneself, vex oneself; ne ro — 
HiTCi don't tease or provoke him; He 
A'feflTe ce — HH, don't worry, don't 
worry yourself, don't mind; — Bene n 
teasing, vexing, worrying, tantalising; 
vexation, irritation, annoyance, tanta- 
lisation; — ueun. pres p. 



ApasHHTejieH-b a vexatious, teasing, pro- 
voking; —HO ad — ly, in a provoliing 
manner. 

Ap^Ka / Christ's thorn {bot). 

ApaKdH-b m dragon; draco [zool)', — HOB-b 
a dragon's, dragon (tree); draconian (law). 

Ap^Ma / drama, play. 

ApaMaTHMCH-b, — CKH a dramatic, — al; 
—HO, — TH4ecKH, od dramatically. 

ApaMarypr-b m dramatist, dramaturgist; 
— FHH / dramaturgy. 

ApaMi. mt a four-hundredth part of a Turk- 
ish oke. 

Apaji-b ppp V Aepa. 

Apan-b / tear, rip. 

AP^CBaM-b (-Ha) V ApacKaM-b. 

AP^CKa / scratch, scratching, graze; jot, 
jotting, scribble; etching. 

AP^CKaM-b va to, scratch (of a cat), tear, 
lacerate; to scribble, jot, scrawl (in writ- 
ing); ce vpr to scratch each other; to 
scratch oneself; to be scratched; to be 
scribbled; ne Tpt6Ba Aa ce — Ka no 
MHHOBert, one shouldn't scratch the 
forms or scribble upon the forms; —He 
n scratching, clawing; scribbling, scrawl- 
ing; — HHua / scratching; scribbling; 
scribble; — Kiq-b m scribbler, scrawler; 
bad writer; — Kornna /, —nyni^ m 
V ApacKa; — qHua / dim a tiny little 
scratch. 

Apac-b inter] scratch ! 

AP^XMa / drachm. 

AP^iKaB-b a dusk, dusky; — BocTb, — 
BHH^ / duskiness. 

AP^iua V ApacKaM-b. 

AP^6eH-b a small, tiny; dwarfish, unde- 
veloped; insignificant; — HOB-feK-b, lit- 
tle or small man; — hh Atua, small 
children; — na r'-bproBHa, retail trade; 
—Ha pa6oTa, small or insignificant 
affair; na — ho, on a small scale; at 
retail, by retail, in retail; — hh napH, 
small change; — edni. m pygmy, dwarf, 
small thing; — Cojimh / small things, 
trinkets, odds and ends; — Cyci.K'b m 
nick-nack, trinkets; small change; rem- 
nants; KiiJiuaMii na — ho, to mince 
(meat), cut into small pieces. 

ApeSnaB-b o rather small; dwarfish; small, 
fastidious (person); — BOCTb / small- 
nes, littleness; insignificance; — hh- 
M-bK-b ad dim rather small; a tiny little, 
a bit ^of thing). 

Ape6Htfl vn to grow small, dwarfish; to 



apeC-b 



Apyn, 



be outshone, outdazzled; — ene n grow- 
ing small; — emi. pres p. 

Ape6'b m; combings (of hemp, etc); cow- 
hair, wadding; trash; residue; — 6hbt> a 
made of cheap wool or combings. 

AP^BCH-b a ancient, old, antique; —Ha 
HCTopHH, ancient history; — nocTb / 
antiquity. 

AP^3raB-b a hoarse (voice); dusk, dusky; 
—BO a hoarsely; — bhh^, — boctb / 
hoarseness; dusk, twilight. 

.ZipeMJIHB-b a V ApiMJIHB-b. 

AP^xa / garment; ropna — , upper-gar- 
ment; AOJiHa — , under-garment; — xh 
pi . clothes; raiment, habit, vestment, 
dress, apparel; Kan. — xh, a suit of 
clothes. 

Apexdpb m clothier, clothes-man; — hh- 
ua / clothiery, clothing-shop; — ckh a 
clothier's, of a clothier; clothing (shop); 
— CTBo n clothing business; clothiery. 

ApeuiKa, — MHita / dim a small garment, 
a nice or pretty little garment. 

Apnna / old garment, ragged dress; rag; 
oCjitqeH-b Bb — HH, ciad in raggs, rag- 
ged; — Bb a ragged, tattered; —bo ad 
raggedly, in rags, in tatters; — BocTb 
/ raggedness; — n^Jib m rag, tatter; 
clout; — Jia / a ragged woman; — jiio 
m a ragged fellow, ragamuffin. 

ApHnaBHq-bKb a dim rather ragged; — ko 
ad rather raggedly. 

APHCbKb m, — KdBHi;a / diarrhea, loose- 
ness of the bowels; Kp'bsenb — , bloody 
flux, dysentery; — jikbt. a suffering 
from diarrhea; —ma vn to have 
diarrhea, suffer from diarrhea, be loose. 

Ap66eHe n v Apo6ti. 

ap66eHb m slice, piece, morsel; — qe 
n dim a small slice, a bit. 

;ipo6-b m lung; qepHH — , liver; 6-fejiH 
— , lung, lungs; — 6eHb a lung (di- 
sease;, of the lungs. 

.spo6b / fraction, decimal; AecernqHa — , 
decimal fraction {mathy, npocra — , 
simple fraction; nepnoAHqecKa — , 
circular decimal; — 6eHb a fractional; 
— 6HHa, — 6HHKa / dim a grain of 
shot, shot. 

Ap66fl va to cut into small pieces, ren- 
der or make into pieces or bits; — no- 
napa H-bKOMy, to put one into a mess; 
— ce vpr to be cut into small pieces; 
to crumble, crumb; — Sene n cutting 
into pieces or bits; mincing; — Gem. 



ppp cut into pieces; a cut, broken, 
minced (meat). 

AposAi* m blackbird, thrush. 

Apdnna / bustard {orn). 

ApyraAt ad elsewhere, somewhere else, 
in another place; hactc — , go else- 
where; HHKifvA'fe — , nowhere else; Bcb- 
K;R.A'fe — , everywhere else. 

ApyrapyBaiH-b vn to associate, keep com- 
pany with, go with, chum; —He n as- 
sociating, keeping company with, chum- 
ming. 

Apyrdpb m comrade, companion; asso- 
ciate, mate, partner; colleague; accom- 
plice (in crime); bcccit. — , jolly fellow 
or companion; GjiHS-bKb — , bosom or 
intimate companion; mhjih — pio, my 
dear comrade! na opAi.}KHe—pH, com- 
rades to arms! crapn— pn, old chums; 
—CKH a comrade-like, friendly, intimate, 
familiar; ad comrade-like, as a comrade, 
in good fellowship, intimately; — 
CTBO n comradeship; company, society; 
friendship. 

ApyrH a V Apyr-b. 

ApyroBptMCKH a of other times, of for- 
mer times. 

Apyrosipne n, — pen-b a, — peui. m 
V HHOBtpne, etc. 

Apyroa^MCHb a, — Meifb m, — Ka / v 
HHOseiMCHb, etc 

ApyrosH^qeiu'b, — qymb a having a 
different meaning, of a different mean- 
ing. 

ApyroM-b ad at other times, in former 
times, before, formerly; next time. 

Apyroaqe v nnaqe. 

Apyr-b a other, another, else; different; 
next; — n«.Tb, another time, H-bKoit 

— qoBtKb, some other man, another 
person; eAHH-b CJi-feAb — , one after 
another; Hiwa jih HtKofl — , is there 
another? is there some one else? is there 
any one else? hhkoA — , no other, no- 
body else, no one else; none; BcbKofl 

— ACHb, every other day; jiK)6eTe ce 
eAHHb — , love one another or each 
other; hhiuo — ro, nothing else; xoBa e 
— ro, that is another matter; KaKBO — ro 
JKCiaexe, what else do you wish? to- 
Ba e cbBCbMb — ra paSora, that is 
a different thing altogether; MewAy 
— ph paSoTH, among other things; — 
fh ACHb, the day after tomorrow, Ha 



Apynta 



102 



AP'bHKaM-b 



— rH ACHb, on the next day; nptai. 
— rara ceAMHua, (during) next week. 

npymA vn to associate, go with, keep 
company with; to chum (oy boys); He 
— JK^TC cb Hero, don't associate with 
him, keep away from him; — JKcne n 
associating, keeping company with; as- 
sociation; — JKCm-b presp; — iKH^T. ppp. 

Apy>K6a / comradeship, companionship, 
friendship; fellowship; society. 

Apy^e voc V Apyrapb; mhjih —acc, 
dear comrade! — ckh a v APyrapcKH. 

Apy^eJiid6He n sociability, affability, com- 
radeship; — Chbt. a sociable, companion- 
able, affable; — 6hbo ad — biy. 

Apy^ecTBo n society, association, com- 
pany; fellowship, comradeship; erHqecKO 
— , ethical society; xpHCTHancKO — , 
Christian association; mhhho — , min- 
ing company or association; aKUHo- 
Hepuo — , stock association; 6jiaro- 
TBopHxejiHO — , benevolent society; 
BT, —TO Ha HenecTHBHT'b, in the socie- 
ty of the wicked; — crseH-b a society 
(rooms), of society, of association or 
company, society's (influence), com- 
pany's; companionable (instincts), gre- 
garious (animals). 

Apy>KHHa / company, battalion (mil); 
party, band; BbpHa — , trusted compa- 
ny; loyal comrades; Ao6poBo;i>iecKa —, 
volunteer battalion or band; B-bSAtp- 
:>KaTe.nHa ~, temperance society; — 
HCH-b a battalion, of a battalion; — ckh 
adv in battalions, in companies. 

ApyxcKa / female companion, mate, com- 
panion, friend; — miua / dim a small 
companion, a dear little companion. 

ApyiM-b m road; — MMUie n highway, 
public road; — HHK-b m traveller, jour- 
ney-man. 

ApycaM-b va vn to shake, jolt, jog, rock; 
to dance; to dandle (a baby); Kojiara 
MHoro — ca, the waggon shakes a 
great deal; He — caMre, don't shake or 
jolt; — ce vpr to be shaken, jolted, 
jogged; to shake, jolt; to be rocked, 
dandled {of a baby); to dance; sAaHHe- 
TO ce — ca, the building shakes, is shak- 
ing; rjiasara My ce — ca, his head 
shakes, is trembling or shaking; —He 
n shaking, joltmg, jogging; shake, jolt, 
jog; dandle; dance. 

ApycjiHBi. a shaky, jolting, rickety (wag- 
gon); —BO a shakily, joltingly, in a 



rickety manner; — BocTb / shakiness. 

Apycna v ApycatM-b. 

Apyc-bK-b m jolt, jog, jolting, jogging, 
bumping; h — K^sHua, — hA /. 

Ap'bBHHK-b m wood-shed, wood-yard; block 
(of wood); blockhead {fig). 

AP'bBOJi^s-b m creeper {orn). 

AP'bBU^ n dim a small piece of wood; 
— ud pi dim wood, a few pieces of 
wood. 

AP'brjiMB'b a decrepit, worn-out haggard, 
lean, weak, lanky; h AP'brjincajrb; — 
Ati f a haggard woman, a battered jade; 
—jiAiwh m a haggard fellow, mis- 
erable hack, a battered jade; — bhh^ / 
weakness, haggardness, decrepitude. 

AP'brna va to hackle, card (hemp); — 
ce vpr to be hackled, carded; — hchc 
n hackling; — hciut. pres p. 

AP'biKKa / handle (of a thing); hilt, haft; 
ear, fret (of guitar); knob (ot door); ne- 
po— , pen-holder; xBanere 3a — ra, 
take hold of by the handle; — MHua / 
dim small handle, a pretty little handle. 

AP'b3(Hy)BaM'b vn to dare, venture, make 
bold; — Aa bh nnuia, I take the li- 
berty of writing to you; ae lue Aa 
—He Bene Aa JioAjie ryKa, he will not 
dare to come here any more; ne — na- 
JiH, if they only took a mind to it! — 
He n venturing, making bold; venture; 
presumption. 

AP'bSKO ad boldly, daringly, audaciously; 
insolently, impertinently. 

jip-bHa.Aph m breaker oi wool, wool-beater, 
— HHua / wool-beating mill; —ckh a 
wool-beater's, of a wool-breaker. 

ApiiHRdjiKa / rattle, round-bell, coral, 
clapper-rattle; toy, trinket; rattle-box 
(f^S)> M AP'bHKajio, AP'bHKyjiKa; — 
ue «, — HHua / dim a small rattle, a pret- 
ty little rattle; a nice trinket; a jingling- 
bell. 

AP'bHKaM-b va to ring, beat upon (a met- 
al); to toll; vn to ring, jingle, clank, 
tinkle, rattle; to thrum, play (on a man- 
dolin, etc); to chatter, prattle {fig); — 
SB-bHei^a aa yqHjiHuie, to ring the bell 
for school; — KaMdanara aa qepKsa, 
to ring or toll (the bell) for church; 
38'bHeu'bT'b — Ka, the bell rings, is 
ringing; A>Ko6oBeT-k My — x-b ct. na- 
PH, he is full of money; ca6jiHT^ — tt., 
the swords are clashing; ne — flxe, 
don't be rattling or making noise; don't 



ApiiMqa 



103 



AynKa 



talk nonsense IsB-buqeTara HaeAHaKo- 
jia ce qyxa, Aa — tt., the jingling-bells 
of a carriage were heard tingling; — ce 
vpr to be rung; ntiuo ce — Ka, there 
is a rattling or tingling; —He n ring- 
ing (of a bell); jingiing, tingling (of jingle- 
bells), clanking, clashing (of swords), 
rattling (o/ noise); thrumming (on a 
guitar;; chattering, blabbing; ring, jingle, 
clank, clash; nonsense. 

Api>Hqd ' AP'bHKaM'b. 

AP'fcHT. ir. 'erj tingle! tinkle! ding! 

AP'bnaMi: ^ A'bpnaM'b; — Har-b a stretched, 
strung ight, tight; a little olf (his 
mind), ( racked {pop). 

AP'bCTS va to hackle, card, strip (hemp); 
to calk; — ce vpr to be hackled, card- 
ed; to be calked; — tchc n hackling; 
calking; — remt pres p; — tcht. ppp. 

AP'bTT. a old, grown up (pop); worn-out, 
— KOHb, an old or decrepit horse. 

Apiiwa vn to drowse, slumber, snooze, 
doze, lie dormant; toH — iwe, he is 
snoozing, dosing, is drowsing; HCKa a* 
—He Ma,iiKO, let him take a little nap, 
have a short siesta; hca*!* —m&, don't 
sleep, wake up! crnra ere — majiH, 
you have slumbered long enough! you 
have been lying dormant (in ignorance) 
long enough; rofl —me HaAT* paSora- 
xa cH, he is nodding over his work; He 
e Bp-bMe Aa ce —Me, this is not a time 
to be slumbering or lying dormant; 
—Me MH ce, I feel sleepy, drowsy, I am 
sleepy, drowsy; — mchc n slumbering, 
drowsing, snoozing, dozing; lying dor- 
mant; slumber, snooze; dose; — Hiiua / 
slumbering, slumber, drowsiness, dozi- 
ness, sleepiness; — Ka / short sleep, 
nap, slumber, siesta; — Jia / a sleepy 
woman; — jiio m a sleepy fellow. 

Api^MjiHB'b a sleepy, drowsy, somnolent; 
— ea aTMOc(})epa, drowsy or dull at- 
mosphere; —BO a sleepily, drowsily; 
BocTb/ sleepiness, drowsiness, doziness, 
somnolence. 

AptH-b m cornel-tree, dog-wood; — H^K-b 
m cornel-grove; — Ka / cornei-cherry; 
— ttdBHua / a cornel or dog-wood stick 
or cudgel; — hobtj a cornel, cornel-tree, 
dog-wood; — Me n dim a young cornel- 
tree; — wHua / dim cornel-cherry. 

Aptxa, etc v Apexa, etc. 

AP«.rb m slick, pole, perch. 

AyB^K-b m veil (worn by newly married 



peasant women). 

Ayadp-b mt v CTtna. 

AyrdH-b m vulture. 

AyAyJieuT. m v maMyjii,. 

Ay^ji-b m duel. 

AyejiHpaiM-b va to duel, fight (one) in a 
single combat; — ce vpr to duel; — ne 
n duelling. 

AycTT. m duet. 

AysHHa / dozen; npoAaaaM-b Ha — , to 
sell by the dozen. 

AyK^T-b m ducat. 

AyKHH-b mt shop, store, magazine. 

Ayji^n-b mt V AOJiani.. 

Ayiwa/ word; necTua — , word of hono(u)r; 
6,nara — , a kind word; cb eAua — , 
in a word, in short, briefly; HsnycKaM-b 
— , to drop, let fall a word; hhto — 
noseqe, not a word more! HCKaM-b — 
ra, to get permission to speak (pari); 
OTKasBaiu-b — , to refuse one permis- 
sion to speak; nptaeMCAaM-b — no — , 
to translate word for word or literally; 
B-b HCTHHcKa cMHCbJib Ha — xa, in the 
true sense or meaning of the word; ne 
ycTOHBaMi. CH Ha — ra, to break one's 
word; qecxHa mh — , upon my word 
of hono(u)r! qoa-feK-b na- racH, a man 
of his word; xoaa ca caiwo — MH,that 
is mere words! — MHTi 5o»<mh, the 
words of God; ynoBaaaM-b ce na — ra 
Bh, I rely on your word; ne cjiyuia 
OTT. — , he will listen to no reason; — 
MHua, — MHMKa / dim, a little word; 
a single word. 

AyiHaM-b vn vn to speak, say, talk; mo 
— Ma Toii, what does he say? koH — 
Ma, who is talking or speaking? who 
is making noise? aai. My — , I am 
telling him; He — flre, don't be talk- 
ing; you don't say ! —Ma ce, it is being 
talked, it is rumo(u)red; — ne n speak- 
ing, talking; rofl ne cjiyuia ott. — hc, 
he does not listen to reason or advice; 
T-fe My Ao6p'k — jiH, o6aqe rofl He th 
nocjiyuiaji-b, they did their part in coun- 
selling him, but he showed them a 
deaf ear. 

AyMKaM-b va to beat, drum, produce a 
dull or deep sound; vn to give out a 
dull or deep sound; — ne n beating or 
drumming; thrumming; thrum. 

AynKa/hole; opening, cavity, gap, breach; 
pore (in bread); den, lurking place; 
Cb — KH, full of holes; Konaa 



flynia 



104 



— Ka, to dig a hole; HMSM-b — s'b 3a- 
6a CH, I have a hole or cavity in my- 
tooth; 3anyiuBaMi> — , to stop a hole or 
a gap; to pay a debt; — ^ecT'b a full 
of holes; perlorated; porous; — qnua / 
dim a small hole, a tiny little hole. 

Aynqa va to perforate, bore, make a hole 
in; — ce vpr to be perforated, bored; 
— He n perlorating, bor.ng; perforation; 
— qeH-b ppp; — qemi> pres p. 

AynjiHK^T-b m duplicate, copy. 

Aypjia ce vpr to make a long face, look 
sour. 

Ayx^jio n bellows; mouthpiece (of a bag- 
pipe;; — ue n dim little bellows. 

AyxaM-b vn to blow; BtT-bp-bTT. — xa 
CHjiHO, there is a strong wind, the wind 
blows, is blowing hard; va to blow 
(glass); — xa imp v it blows, is blow- 
ing; — ce vpr to be blown; — He n 
blowing. 

AyxHysaM-b ( Ha) v AyxaMT>. 

AyxdaeucTBo n clergy; priesthood; S-fejio 
— , secular clergy; qepno — , regular 
clergy. 

Ayx6BeH-b a spiritual, religious, ecclesi- 
astical; clerical; pious, devout; — MHpi>, 
spiritual world; — na ceiMHHapHH, the- 
ological seminary; —ho sBaHHe, holy 
orders; — qoB-bK-b, religious or pious 
person; — na hctophm, ecclesiastical 
history; — ho ad spiritually; piously; 
mentally; — HOCTb, / spirituality; piety, 
religious spirit. 

AyxoBHT-b a witty, humo(u)rous; —road 
wittily; — toctb / wittiness, wit, wit- 
ticism; humo'u)r. 

Ayx6BHHK-b m confessor; — qecKH a con- 
fessor's, of a confessor. 

AyxoB-b a ghost, spirit (world), of a ghost 
or spirit; spiritual; — achb, Whitmonday. 

AyxoMCT-bp-b m wind-gage. 

AyxocjidBHe n v AyiuecjioBHC. 

AyxT> m spirit, ghost; genius; temper; ao- 
6-bp-b — , good spirit; 3-bJi-b — , evil 
spirit; Cb. — , Holy Ghost or Spirit; — 
TT. na Moflcen, the spirit or ghost of 
Moses; qoB-feKi. ct. AoeTip-b — , a man 
of good disposition; He my o6HqaM-b 
— xa, I don't like his disposition; np-fe- 
AaaaiM-b Bory — , to give up the ghost; 
cnoKoifcTBHe na — xa, tranquility of 
the mind; HapoAeHi. — , national spirit; 
— x-bTT. na BtKa, the spirit of the age; 
— XOMT. ornaAHaji'b, depressed, dis- 



couraged, downcast; —xomi. 6oA'i>pi>» in 
high spirits, bouyant; — xobct* na re- 
poHTt, the spirits of the heroes. 

Ayiua va to smell, scent {of a dog); to 
choke, stifle, suffocate; — ce vpr to 
be choked, suffocated, stifled; to choke 
or suffocate oneself; — uiene n smel- 
ling, scenting; choking, stifling, suf- 
focating; oppressing {fig); — meHT> a 
close (air); potted (beef, etc); — uiemi* 
pres p; — uiH.n. ppp. 

Ayuii / soul; breadth; heart, spirit, mind; 
6naropOAHa — , a noble soul; — ra mh 
OMCHAa aa Te6e, my soul yearns, is 
yearning for you; ct. BCHqKara ch — , 
with all my heart; MHpi> na — ra iwy, 
may his soul rest in peace! qoB'feKi> cb 
MepsKa — , a man ot mean disposition; 
6epa — , to be dying, suffer death's 
agonies; Htivfauie wHsa — , there wasn't 
a single living creature there; nexb — 
uiH, five souls or people; — uiht* na 
yiMp-fejiHT-fe, the souls or the spirits of 
the dead; — iu6 moji, o my soul! soul 
of mine! —kg, — uiHi;e, my heart! my 
soul! sweetheart! darling! 

Ayui^BCH-b a soul (struggle), of the soul; 
mental (agonies); spiritual (food); psychic 
(phenomenon); bosom, intimate (friendj; 
sincere, cordial (reception); —ho 6o- 
jieHii, heart-sick, melancholy; — na 60- 
jiecTb, heart sickness; — hh h3;ih«hh{i, 
outpourings of the soul. 

AyuierySeu-b m soul-destroyer, homicide; 
— Shc n homicide, blood-guiltiness. 

Ayuiec;i6BHe v ncHXoaorHH. 

Ayui6n> m mattress. 

AyuiecnacHxejib m saviour of the soul, 
redeemer; — jien-b a soul-saving; — c6- 
hhc n soul-saving, salvation. 

a.yuiey6ueu,-h, — Hua m v AyuieryGeiti.. 

AyuiMi;a, — uiMqKa / dim a little soul; 
MHjia — , a dear little soul; HHCKa — , 
a mean little soul; — ue, ray heart! 
darling! sweetheart! 

Ayiuene n v Ayuia. 

AyuiCH-b, — nviBi> a close, stifling, suf- 
focating (atmosphere); mhofo e —ho 
TyKa, it is very close here. 

AyuiM^HHH-b mt V HenpHflrejib. 

AyuiHHK-b m crater; ventilator. 

AyuiHMua V saAyuiHHi^a. 

A'bBKa / chewing gum, mastic; mouthful; 
— qHua / dim a little chewing gum; a 
little bit. 



A-bBKaMI* 



105 



A'bJin. 



A^BKaM-b (-la) va vn to chew; to mas- 
ticate; — ce vpr to be chewed; — hc, 
— MCHC n chewing; — KdrejieHi. a mas- 
ticatory; — ^eI^^> pres p. 

AiApa V ji-bpAopM. 

AiiiKAeJiMB-b, — AOBHTt a rainy, wet. 

A'b^KAOBeH'b a rain (water), of rain, rainy 
(weather), pluvial, pluvious. 

A'b>KA<iBHHK-b m salamander; — qe n dim 
a little , salamander. 

Ai>MCAOMtpi> TO rain-gauge, pluviameter. 

J\^>■M.Ti^' m rain; — Hs-b o6jiaK-b, shower; 
npojiHBeH-b —, torrent, a violent shower 
of rain; — or-b KypuiyMH, a shower 
of bullets; thx-b poceH-b — , drizzling 
rain; — H^e HS-b p;R.KaBH, it rains in 
torrents, it pours down hard; cJi-feAT* — 
KaqyjiKa, there are many ways after it 
is too late; MOKi.p'b or-b — ce He 6oh, 
the drenched has no fear of getting 
wet; he is no novice in it; — Ha 6jiaro- 
*€JiOBeHMe, shower of blessing; BajiH 
— , it rains, is raining; — A^u-b m dim 
a little rain; a nice little rain; —ah imp 
V it rains, is raining. 

Al>>KAHB'b a v A'b>KAe.JiHB-b. 

AijiSaM-b V A'bJiSaH. 

Ai>'n6^H va to chisel, hollow, mortise; to 
carve; to engrave; to dig out; — ce 
vpr to be chiselled, hollowed, mortised; 
— ene n chiselling, hollowing, mortis- 
ing; — em-bpr^^p;-— 64;io n chisel, pledg- 
et; — SAq-b m chisel, borer; mallet, chas- 
ing-hammer; — S^H m mortise, groove; 
joint, seam, rabbet; suture (anat); — 
66u'b m narrow chisel. 

M.-bn6HHA / depth, deep, bottom; profund- 
ity; V A'b-nSo'iHHa; — Shhk^ / dim a 
small hole, cavity; dimple. 

A'bJif>6KOMHCJieH'b a profound, of profound 
thought; — HOCTb / profound think- 
ing, profundity of thought 

A'bJi66K'b a deep; profou.ad; — KJiaAe- 
Hei;-b, deep well; — MHCJiwreJib, deep 
thinker, profound thinker; — Ka cxa- 
pocTb, extreme old age;— Ka B-b3AHui- 
Ka, deep heaved sigh, heavy sigh; — Ka 
paua, deep wound; — ko ad deeply, 
deep; profoundly; — ko TpornaT-b, 
deeply touched or affected; AHuiaiwi. — 
ko, to breathe deep; to breathe heavily. 

ji-hn6oHH»i f depth; deep; abyss; gorge; 
bottom; lowness, profundity; penetra- 
tion; — ra Ha iwopero, the depth of the 
sea; sea bottom; ott> — ra na cbpAue- 



TO CH, from the depth or bottom of one's 
heart; ii3!vi'bpBaMi> — ra, to measure 
the depth, take soundings (of the sea); 
ncTb Merpa — , five meters in depth. 

A'bJiTHq-bK'b a, — Ko ad dim rather long, 
a little too long. 

AiJiro ad long; too long; — MHCJitx-b 
3a Bacb, I thought of you long, for a 
long time; — np-feAH, long before; ryfl 

. e — , that is long, too long; Ta3H Apc- 
xa me rpae — , this garment will wear 
or last long; WMB-fea — , to live long; 
roBopti na- , to talk or speak at 
length, lengthily, in detail. 

A'bJiroSp^A'b a long-bearded. 

AT»JiroBiT-b a, —TO ad rather long, long- 
ish, oblong, elongated. 

A'bJiroBpiMe(He)Hi> a of long duration, 
long-continued, of long time; — ho ad 
long, long time; — Hocxb / long dura- 
tion, permanence. 

A'bJiroBtieH'b a long-lived, longevous; — 
HO a lo:ig, of long-duration. 

Aii^irorpHB-b a long-maned. 

A'bJiroA^HCTBeH'b a long-lived; — CTBHen 
long life; longevity; — CTByBaiw-b vn 
to live long. 

A'bJiroKbc'b a long-haired. 

A'bJiroKpdKi> a long-legged. 

AtJiroAHK-b a having a long face, of 
elongated face. 

A'bJiroJi'feTeH'b a longevai, longevous. 

A'bJiroHdib a long-nosed. 

A'bJiron^P'b a long-feathered. 

A'bJiropiR.K'b a long-handed, long-armed. 

A'bJirocpd'ieH'b a for a long term. 

A'bJiroTT>pnt;iHB'b a long-suffering; — bo 
a with great forbearance, with great 
patience. , 

A'bJiroT-bpntHHe n long suffering, for- 
bearance. 

A'bJiroyxT. a long-eared. 

A'bJirouiHH m long-neck, long-necked per- 
son. 

A'b.'i('b)r'b a long; lengthy, protracted; ABa 
iwerpa — , two meters long; 3a — ne- 
pHOAt, for a long period; for a long 
term, at a long date {of a bill); — ra 
cecHH, long or protracted session; — 
ro M-bJiiaHHe, long silence; — ro ci- 
qHHeHHe, long or lengthy essay. 

A'bJir-b m debt; duty, obligation; A'bpM<a- 
BCHT. — , national debt, state debt;CBe- 
menii — , sacred duty; MopajieH'b — , 



106 



Ai>pM<a 



moral duty or obligation; nor-bHaji-b bt, 
—rose, deep in debt; — mh ce najia- 
ra, I a 01 duty-bound, am under obligation 
to; npaBfl — , to contract a debt, go 
into debt; npocTH hh — B^r-b, forgive 
us our debts; Hsn-bjiHHX-b ch — ra, I 
have done my duty, I did my duty; no- 
ramaBaae Ha A'tpwaBeH-b— , liquida- 
tion or sinking of national debt. 

A'bJi^K^ va vn to owe; to be in debt; to 
be indebted, be under obligation; rofl 
MH ->>Kii AB-b XHJiHAH jiCBa, he owes 
me two thousands levs; Tofl —xch 
BcfeKOMy, he owes every body; — ■ Bh 
CAHO hhcmo, I owe you a letter; — 
Aa Bh OTroBopa, I beg to answer you; 
MHoro Bh — sa AoGpHnara, I am 
greatly indebted or obliged to you for 
your kindness or favo(u)r; hhiuo mh hc 
— iKHTe, you don't owe me anything, 
you owe me nothing; — ce vpr to be 
owed; to be due; Tosa ce — xch na 
Bacbt that is due to you; — >Kd;i-b app 
— xcene n owing; — xcen-b a v AJn»- 
jKCH-b; — >Keiui> pres p. 

A-bJiiKHHi/ length; longitude (astr); Asa- 
AeccTb Merpa bt, — , twenty meters 
in length (or long); na — , lengthwise; 
U-bjiara —, the whole length. 

A1>AM<H-kfI V AJI'b>KHtfI. 

A'^nep'b m trunk, stump, caudex (of 
a tree). 

A-bHO n bottom; Geai. — , without a bot- 
tom, bottomless; cb aboHho — , double- 
bottomed; — na 6ype, heading (of a 
cask); MopcKO — i sea-bottom; noTT>- 
saM-b na —to, to sink to the bottom, 
founder (o/ a ship); ott. —to na ctpA- 
UCTO ch, frwai the bottom of my heart; 
H3nHBaMi> AG —TO, to drink all up, 
drink to the dregs; si. ai>hi> seMii Aa 
OTHAe, naKi. uie ro naM^pn, I shall 
find him no matter if he went to the 
'other side of the globe; —n^va to put 
a bottom on (a barrel, etc). 

jl-bpaApl wood, firewood; VAi>pBo;eAHa 
KOjia — , a waggon-load of wood; cena 
— , to cut or gather wood. 

A-bpB^pb/n wood-cutter, woodman; wood- 
monger, wood -seller; h A'bpB^pHH'b; — 
CKH a wood-cutter's, woodman's; of a 
wood-cutter; — ckh cKJiaAi*, wood-yard, 
wood-hole; — ctbo n wood-business; 
wood-cutting. 



A'i^pBCHHi^a / bed-bug; n-bAeni. cb — 
i;h, buggy, full of bugs. 

A'bpBCH'b a wooden, of wood, made of 
wood; — Marepnaji-b, timber; — CKAa.xht. 
wood-yard, wood-hole; timber-yard; — 
KioMiop'b, charcoal; — rocnoAb, beat- 
ing, thrashing (pop); — ua pa6oTar 
wood-work; — ho Macjio, olive oil. 

A'bpBec^ pi trees; v AitpBo; n-bJiHO ci. 
— , full of trees, covered with trees. 

A'bpBecHud / pith, core, heart (of wood). 

AipBecTi) a woody, ligneous. 

Ai>Pb6 n wood (fuel), tree; cyxo — , a 
dry piece of wood; qep-femoBO — y 
cherry-tree; qaMOBo — , pine wood 
(fuel), pine-tree; HanpaBeHi* ott. — ^ 
made of wood; qecTHO — , the Cross; 
— to 3a noaHaBane Ha AoCpoTO h 
3JIOTO, the tree of the knowledge of 
good and evil; naAtjiHR OT-b — , wood- 
work; rpasiopa na — , wood-cut; — 
BHACHi* a ligniform, dendroid; — b-La- 
CTBO n arboriculture; — ryfiKa / wood- 
worm; — ji^KT. m odds and ends of 
wood, pile of wood or timber; — t6- 
qeuT. m borer; wood -worm; — ^Aeui. m 
lignivorous creature. 

AiipBOAtJieu-b m carpenter, joiner, cab- 
inet-maker; — CKH a carpenter's (shop), 
joiner's (trade), cabinet-maker's; car- 
pentry, ot carpentry; — .jiHe, —ctbo 
n carpentry, cabinet-making business; 
wood-work, timber- work. 

A'bpsopiseu'b m wood-carver; — ckh a 
wood-carver's, wood-carving (tools,; — 
ctbo n wood-carving. 

H-bpa,6p9 va to babble, chatter, speak 
(nonsense); vn to babble, prattle, prate, 
chatter, speak nonsense; — ce vpr to 
be babbled, prattled; — pene n bab- 
bling, prattling, chattering; babble-talk; 
— pem-b pres p; — A<3pKO m prattler, 
babbler. 

A'bpHcd va to hold; to keep, retain; to 
support, maintain; to detain, keep back, 
constrain; to contain, include; to keep, 
run (an establishment); — B-b p;R^Ka, to 
hold in one's hand; — OTroBopeH-b, to 
hold responsible for; — AyMaTa ch, to 
keep one's word or promise; — tocthji- 
HHua, to keep or run a restaurant; — 
H3nHT-b, to take one's examinations, 
pass one's examinations; — kokouikh, 
to keep or rear poultry; — jicki^ha, to 



A'bpxcaBa 



107 



A'bpT'fell 



deliver a lecture; — ci>6paHHe, to hold 
a meeting, have a meeting; — aa ce6e 
CH, to keep, reserve lor oneself; — hc- 
roBara CTpana, to side with him, be 
on his side; — s-b raflHa, to keep se- 
cret; Toea He — ikh, that doesn't hold; 

— pea.-b, to maintain order; — a-b peAi>> 
to keep in order; aamo iwe — wHTe, 
what are you holding me for? why do 
you detain me?— ch rjiasara bhcoko, 
to carry one's head high; Ap-bjKTe ro, 
hold him! HenpHtiTejibT-b ne 6h mo- 
n>jn> Aa — >kh A'bJiro, the enemy could 
not hold out longer; ue — >kh noBene 
OT-b neTb OKH, it doesn't hold more 
than five okes; — ce vpr to be held; 
to be retained; to be kept; to hold, hold 
oneself, maintain or keep oneself; to 
hold out, stand firm; to bear (of ice); to 
keep on (one's feet); to be kept, reared; 
to behave, conduct oneself; — ce qHCTO, 
to keep oneself clean; — ce he KpaKara 
CH, to keep on one's feet; t* ce — tt. 
3a pj&.n'bT-k, they hold each other by 
their hands; sa roBa me My ce — >kh 
CMtTKa, he shall give an account for 
this, he shall be held responsible for this; 
Toll ce — iKH Ao6p-fe, he behaves well; 
— iK^re ce npaBH, keep erect, stand 
upright; HecH njiauiaAa ce — T-bKpa- 
BH, it doesnt pay to keep cows; — ce 
roTOB-b, to hold oneself in readiness; 

— ce Ha jitBo, to keep to the left; 
napHT'fe ce — tt. Bb Kacara, the money 
is kept in the sale; ne — iK^re ce aa 
Meuet don't lean on me; — ce bh- 
COKO, to be dignified; to be proud; 
— mAji-b app; — jKanii ppp; — Mcene n 
holding; keeping; deportment, carriage; 
delivery (of speeches, etc); — jKeim, 
pres p. 

AiipiK^Ba / state, country; KOHCTHry- 
UMOHHa — , constitutional state; cbo- 
6oAHa — , free state or country; cb- 
eAHHeHH — BH, united states; — BCH-b a 
state, of state; national; — Benb rjiaBa, 
chief of state; — bcht. MAv»-b, states- 
man; Ha — HH pasHOCKH, at the ex- 
pense of the state; — BCH-b A'bJir'b, na- 
tional debt; — hhki. m statesman, pub- 
lic man; — HHqecKH a statesman-like 
(qualities), of a statesman; ad like a 
statesman. 

A'bpsKo ad V ApiiaKo. 

A'bp>K^HKa / mistress, concubine, kept 



mistress. 

A'bp^JIHB'b V HSAliPM^JIMB-b. 

AiiP^K^jio n handle (of an axe, etc); — 
Ka / handle, haft. 

A'bpadsi vn to dare, be courageous, be up 
and doing, keep on; — flxe, be of good 
courage! — ene n daring; working fear- 
lessly, keeping on doing; — em-b pres p; 

H m,p3ZLWb. 

AitpsHOB^H-b a daring, courageous, fear- 
less; — HO ad — ly; — HHe n courage,, 
fearlessness, daring. 

A'bpsHyBaM'b (-Ha) v APi>3HyBaM'b. 

A'bpaocTb / daring, courage, boldness, 
audacity; insolence, impertinence; h- 
MaiH-b — ra, I have the courage, make 
bold, take the liberty; rofltivia — , great 
courage, great audacity; xofl H-bMa — 
ra, he has not the courage; — rem. a 
courageous, daring, venturesome, fear- 
less; audacious, bold; insolent; — Tern. 
MoptiK-b, daring, courageous sailor; —ho 
noBeAeuHe, bold conduct; — esHK-b, 
bold or insolent language; —ho ad dar- 
ingly, courageously; boldly 

A'bps-bK-b a bold, audacious, temerarious; 
— Ko ad — ly; — KocTb/ — ness, temer- 
ity, insolence, impertinence. 

A'bpjifi va hackle (hemp); — ce vpr to 
be hackled; to quarrel, wrangle, brawl; 
— jiene n hackling (hemp); wrangling^ 
quarrelling; wrangle. 

A'bpiHOH'b m sieve (for grain). 

AipnaM-b va to pull, pluck; to tug; to 
administer (a blow), swallow (a glass, 
pop); TOfl My — na Kocara, he is pull- 
ing him by the hair; — nixa ro na- 
saAi*, they pulled him back; — nax'b 
ro HST. p«.KaTa My, I pulled it off or 
snatched it away from his hand; AP'»»n- 
H^re caMO eAH-bwi, pull just once, 
give just one pull; AP'bnn^xMe ch no- 
Ma.)iKO, we had a little drink; — ce vpr 
to be pulled; to pull oneself; to start, 
give a start (from fear); to scratch, be 
scratching oneself; AP'bnna ce naaaA'b, 
he pulled himself back; he gave a start; 
—He n pulling; plucking; scratching 
^oneself). 

A'bpT(aB)'b a old, decrepit, worn-out; — 
raK-b, — JiflK-b, — T-fetJi-b m old fellow, 
old duffer; — reuiKH a old man's, of an 
old man, senile; — riiua / old woman, 
hag. 

A'bpx'fefl vn to grow old, decrepit, weak; 



A'bCKa 



108 



AtlicTByBaM-b 



— ene n growing old or decrepit; — eun> 
pres p. 

jli>CKa / board, plank; qepna — , black- 
boara; Ha — KHTt, on the floor (of a 
room); e^Hara — My KJiana, he is a 
little off (pop); — mcht. a made of boards, 
deal, wooden (house), of wood; — miua 
/ a piece of board; shingle; noKpHT-b 
cb — qHUHt wainscotted. 

Jl-bxaiMb va to breathe; to give a whiff; 
— Hire My bt> ycrara, breathe into his 
mouth, give him a whiff; — hc n breath- 
ing; breath; v AHUiaMi>; — x4;io n v 
AHxa;io. 

Abx-b m breath; flavo(u)r, smell; breeze; 
noeMaM-b — xa ch, to take, gather or re- 
cover one's breath; HMa xy6aB-b — , it 
has a fine fiavofu)r; HMa — na bhho, it 
smells of wine; 6e3T> — , odo(u)rless. 

Jl-biuepH / daughter; AoeeAena — , step- 
daughter; — mepKHH-b a daughter's, of a 
daughter; — phhckh a daughter-like; ad 
like a daughter; —ma / v A'bmepii; — 
me voc my daughter! 

A* ad V FA*, kaaIi. 

Atsa / virgin; Virgo (astr); nptcaera — 
MapHfl, the Holy Virgin. 

AtsaMb va to put, place, lay (pop); vn 
to go, to do; K;KAt ce —re, where 
have you been? KX.At aa ce — ua, 
where shall I go! what shall I do? 

A'feBeph m brides-man; — pos-b, — ckh a 
brides-man's, of a brides-man; — py- 
saMb vn to be a brides-man. 

AtBHi^a/ virgin, maiden, girl; nptcBera 
— , Holy Virgin; yqHjiHme aa — i^h, 
school for girls, girl's school; — mcckh a 
virgin (days), girl's, for girls, maiden 
(face); — hcckh nancHOHb, giri's board- 
ing-school. 

AtabftKa / maiden, lass, girl, wench; op- 
.neaHCKara ■— , the Maid of Orleans; 
— KMHb a maiden, of a maiden, maid- 
en's; —He n, — qHi4"a / dim a little 
maiden; a pretty little maiden. 

AtBCTBO n maidenhood, girlhood, vir- 
ginity; Bb cBoeTO — , in her maiden- 
hood or girlhood (days); — CTBCHb a 
virgin; — CTBena ropa, virgin forest, 
primival forest; — HOCTb / virginity, 
virgin-state; girlhood, maidenhood {of 
women); — CTBysaM-b vn to live as 
virgin. 



AtAO n old man; grandfather; — Bo- 
iKHKi., Santa-Claus; — TocnoAb, dear 
Lord; Tofl mh e — , he is my grand- 
father; Tofl e BCMe — , he has become 
an old man; — none, holy father {of 
a priest); — ToMa, Old iVlr. Thomas; 
— A* m. grandfather; npt — Aa, great- 
grandfather; forefather, ancestor; — 
AeflKO, — ACHue n dim dear grand- 
father; —AH pi forefathers, ancestors; 
— AOBHHa / inheritance from a grand- 
father; —BO BHHue n lamiutn purpu- 
reum 160/); — bt. a grandfather's, of a 
grandfather; — Bb a.K.S'b m fox-glove 
{bot) 

AtenpHq^CTHe n gerund, verbal noun 
{gram). 

AtecnocdSeH-b a able, capable, compe- 
tent; —HOCTb / competence. 

Ateub m doer, agent, autho(u)r, worker; 
HapoACHb — , a worker for the people; 
national pioneer, rjiaBHHHTb — , the 
principal promoter or actor. 

AtfivAta; TA*; ne — , don't; — poA'bT'b 
MH, where is my fatherland? 

AtttHOCTb / activity; energy, expedition. 

A^ticTBHe n action, act; effect; operation; 
rypHMb Bb — , to put in motion, set 
agoing iof a machine]; to enforce (laws), 
apply in practice; nbpaoTO — , first 
act of a drama); oSparno — , retro- 
active eftect; BoeHHH— Ht military oper- 
ations; — CTBeneHb a v AtHcTBHTe- 
jien-b. 

A^ftcTBHTejieH-b a actual, active, effica- 
cious, effective, real; valid; in force; — 
uie(}ib, actual leader (of a party); — 
qjieHb, active or effective member (of a 
society): — aajiorb, active voice {gram); 
—Ha cjiy>K6a, actual service; — H»*bofl- 
CKa, standing army; — na npHHHHa, 
real cause; tosh saKOH-b e — , that law 
is valid, in force or binding; — ho a 
really, actually, in deed, in fact, in 
reality; really! indeed! — hoctb/ real- 
ity; validity; authenticity; bt, — nocTb, 
in reality; in force >of laws, etc), 

AtflcTByaaMb vn to act; to work, run, 
operate; to effect; to influence; to work 
on; — 6jiaropa3yMHO, to act wisely; 
.ntKapcTBOTO — aa Ao6pt, the medi- 
cine acts well (on a person); toH ne 
— Ba Ao6pt, he doesn't do well; — 
nptAb BjiacTbTa, to make efforts be- 



AtKa 



atre 



fore the authorities; Jioiuo — ea Biipxy 
MjiaAeiKHT-b, it has a bad effect upon 
the youth; cera e Bp-bivie a.a. ce — ea, 
now is the time to act or be at work; 
—He n acting, worlcing; doing; making 
efforts; action; — wt. a acting (secret- 
ary), active (army), valid, in force {of 
laws); — uiH jiHita, dramatis personae, 
actors; — uih saKOHH, the laws in 
force. 

A*Ka V r^t; — uicH-b V rAtuieHi>. 

A^jiaiM-b va to hew or cut (stone, etc); 
— ce vpr to be cut or hewn; to be 
easy, to cut; —we n cutting, hewing, 
rough-hewing (stones); — ht. a cut, 
hewn, square (blocks of stone); — jiim. 
m cutter, hewer; KaMCHO — jiiMi>, stone- 
cutter. 

A^jiea / division (of property), dividing, 
parting; apportionment; sharing; dis- 
memberment; H HiJliiK-b. 

ajinsa. V Aejisa. 

A^jiCHe n dividing, division, parting; allot- 
ting; division (math); h a'^ji^hhc; — 
^tjieiUT. pres p v a'^jir. 

AtflMViT. a divisible; —mo n dividend 
(math); — iwocTb / divisibleness, divis- 
ibility. 

A'fejiHTejib m divisor (math); — jieHT> a 
dividing, for dividing. 

AliJiKaiM-b va vn to whittle, play with a 
knife; —He n whittling; — kothhe / 
shaving, chip. 

A'bJiMd n cut, slice; cotyledon (bot). 

A^AHa V A^JiKaiM-b; — naTii a a little off, 
half-cracked {pop). 

A'b.'iHHK'b m week-day, work- day, work- 
ing-day: — npa3HHKi> H-feiwa aa Hero, 
both week-days and holidays are the 
same to him; — MCH-ba; bt. — hmh ahm, 
on week-days. 

A'^JkS n act, deed; affair, business, trans- 
action; action, process, suit ^law); cause; 
6jiaropoAHO — , noble act or deed; 
Ao6po, Jioiuo — , good, evil deed; Be- 
flHKO — , a glorious deed or exploit; 
glorious cause; xoaa e neroBO — , that 
is his work, his doing; na — , by deed, 
in practice; bt. caiwoxo — , in the very 
act; rpaM<AaHCKO — , civil suit; yrjiaB- 
HO — , criminal suit; 3aBeJKAaivn> — , 
to bring a suit, bring an action against 
a person); o6uio — , common cause; 



MaKeAOHCKO — , Macedonian Cause; ;iio- 
60BHO — , love affair; Ao6pH — ;ia, good 
deeds, good works; MHHHcrepcTBO na 
B-bHuiHHTt — Jia, iVlinistry tor ("or of) 
Foreign Affairs; HCKaMe — jia a neAy- 
MH, we want deeds and not words. 

A'fe.nonpOHSBOAHTejib m secretary; — b6a- 
CTBO n expedition of affairs. 

A'^Jib m share, portion, part, !ot; piece; 
section; cotyledon {bot); dividend; mob 
— , my share, part, portion; paBeui. — y 
equal share, part; roft H-feivia — ryna, 
he does not come in for a share here^ 
he has no hand in this (affair); npaBa 
Ha — JioBe, to make into lots, divide 
into parts; npoAasaM-b na — ;iOBe, to 
sell in lots. 

AtJiH va to divide; to part; to distribute; 
to portion off; — Ha ab*, to divide in 
two, make into two; — paajiHKara, to 
divide (or split) the difference; — CAHa 
HMnepHA, to divide or dismember an 
empire; — xpana, to dish out food; — 
ce vpr io be divided; to be separated; 
to part; Aecerb ce — jih na ab*, ten 
is divisible by two; E-bJirapna ce — 
JIH Ha ABanaAeceTb OKpiKra, Bulgaria 
is divided into twelve districts; ne 
A^flxe ce —JIH OT-b nacb* don't go 
away from us; ne Tptesa Aa ce — 
jiHM-b eAHH-b OT-b Apyn>, we should 
not part from each other; — aeue n divid- 
ing; separating; division {math); h a*- 
jienne; — Jiem. ppp; — jiemi> pres p; 
— jiMJiii app. 

A'^ceH'b a right, right-hand side); — na 
p;K.Ka, right hand, right arm; —nnn,a.f 
right hand (of God); na — ho ad on 
the right, to the right, on the right 
hand, towards the right; — HHiapb m 
right-handed person. 

A^T^ n child, infant; m«.>kko — , male 
child, boy; ateHCKo — , female child, 
girl; saKOHHo, wesaKOHHo — , legit- 
imate, illegitimate or natural child; — 
T^Hue n dim a little child; a nice little 
child; — TMHCKH a childish (play), child- 
like (faith); — thhctbo n childhood, in- 
fancy; OTT. — THHCTBO, from childhood 
or infancy; bt> Moexo — thhctbo, in or 
during my childhood (days); HAtTCTBo; 
— thhh ce vpr io be (or act) as a child; 
He AtHTe ce —thhh, don't be a child, 
don't act childishly or like a child; — 



AtreAHHa 



m 



eBO^IIOUHfl 



THiue m a great big child, an over- 
grown child; —CKH a chiid's (play), 
children's (room); childish, infantine; 
nursery (tales); of a child, of children; 
—CKa crati, nursery; —»,& pi children; 
boys; — iiiua pi dim little children; 
dear little children; — qypjiiira pi a 
crowd of children or boys. 

AtrejiHHa / clover (bot). 

fl-feTO V rfl-bro. 

AtTopdAeHi. a genital, generative; — 
MJieu'b, genital organ; — hh lacTH, privy 
parts. 

AtTopowA^HHe n child-birth. 

ji-bToy6HeuT., — 6Hitua m infanticide, 
child-murderer; — ShHctbo n child-mur- 
der, infanticide. 

.mta vn to do, act; He Atfl, He A^ttTe, 
do not (don't); ne AtMre xoah Auecb, 
don't go to-day; — eue n doing, acting; 
— iiwMe n act, action, deed; — ^Hm pi 
acts <oi the Aposttes). 

A'fe^Tejib m worker, promoter, pioneer; — 
jien-ba active, energetic; busy; diligent; 
—HO ad — ly, busily; — hoctb / activ- 
, ity; energy, expedition. 

jlH>KflHi> mt shop; wine-shop; — a>khh m 
shop-keeper; — qe n dim a small shop. 

AK>Jir£p(HH)-b m carpenter, mason; —ckh 
a carpenter's, mason's, of a carpenter; 
carpentry (work); — jiikt. m, — ctbo n 
carpentry, masonry; — pysaM-b vn to 
be carpenter or mason, work as car- 
penter; —He n a young carpenter, a 
little carpenter. 

AiOJiK5M-b mt surface measure (of 919 sq. 
meters). 

AkSjisi / quince; quince-tree; cjiaAKO OT-b 
— jiH, quince-jam. 

AiOui^Ki. m mattress, cjiaMen-b — , pal- 
liasse, straw-mattress; — «ie n dim small 
mattress. 

AiouieM^ nt V noAix 

AnsojiMT-b a devilish, cunning, full of the 
devil; foxy; —to ad cunningly, slyly; — 
TOCTb / devilishness, cunning, slyness. 

AflBOjiysaM-b vn to play the devil, play 
the knave, cheat, practise foul play (in 
games); — ne n playing the devil, the 
knave, cheating; foul play, tricks. 
AHBOji-b m devil; Demon, Satan; a foxy 
fellow; BinjioreH-b — , devil incarnate; 
— qoB-feK-b, a cunning fellow, a trick- 
ster; npaiuaMi> no — ;ia, to send to the 



devil; -AHua/ a cunning woman; small 
cormorant {qrn); — jihh, — iuhh^ / dev- 
ilry, diabolicalness, cunning; foul play, 
trick; —ckh a devil's, of a de^l; diabol- 
ical, satanical (power), devilish (tricks), 
cunning; ad like a devil, cunningly; — 
qe n small or little devil, devilkin. 

AHKOH-b m deacon; — HHua / deaconess; — 
CKH a deacon's, of a deacon, diaconical 
(office); — ctbo n deaconship, deaconry. 

AAi.6i> m oak, oak-tree; KaMcneH-b — « 
live oak; TBtpA-b Karo — , firm or hard 
as an oak; — 6dK-b m oak-grove, oak- 
forest; — 6eu'b m, — He n dim young 
oak-tree, small oak, oakling; — 6oB-b a 
oak (grove), oaken (bucket); of oak, 
made of oak; — 6oBHua / oak-wood; a 
stick, a cudgel (for drubbing); — pdea/ 
oak-grove, oak-woods; woods, thicket. 

AAi.rd / arc, arch, bow; bend, curve; bind, 
tie (mus); stave (of a barrel); rainbow; 
ejiHnraqHa — , elliptical arch; e-b bhai* 
Ha — , arch-wise, in a bow, in a curve; 
— Ha KpjK.r-b, an arc of a circle; ne- 
6ecHaTa — , the rainbow; onncBaM-b 
— , to describe a circle; CBHsam-b bt. 
— , to bend in a bow. 

A^roBHAeHii, — o6pd3eH-b a arched, 
fornicated, bow-shaped; —ho ad in 
a bow, arch-wise, bow-shaped. 

AiR.X'b V AliXl*. 



E. 



e conj and, now, but; — mo ott» xyfl, 
and what of that? but what of that? 

e inter; there, how, here; eh; — nocJit» 
what then? now then! mo Hiaa ott. 
TOBa, e, what of that, eh? 

e aaxil v third pers is; Kott — rann., 
who is there? Tosa — T-bH, that is so. 

eB^Hrejine n evangel, gospel, — ott. 
JlyKa, the Gospel of Luke, St. Luke's 
Gospel; — jiHCTb m evangelist; — ckh 
a evangelical (church); ad evangel- 
ically. 

eBanrejiHSMpaMi. va to evangelise (-ize); 
— ce vpr to be evangelised; —He n 
evangelising, evangelisation; — ht. ppp. 

eBAHOM^T-bpi. m eudiometer. 

esnyx-b m eunuch; —ckh a eunuch's, of 
a eunuch. 

eBOJiKSra / evolute (geom). 

eBOJiiduHfl / evolution; —duen-h a evolu- 



CBpeHHI* 



111 



eAHOBp-feMeueH'b 



tional, evolutionary. 

esp^HH-b m Hebrew, Jew, Israelite; — JlKa 
/ Jewess, Hebrew woman; — ckh a 
Hebrew, Jewish; — mHH&f Jewish ways 
or spirit; Judaism; the Jews. 

^BTHH-b a cheap; —ho ad cheaply, cheap, 
reasonably, at a reasonable price; mho- 
ro —HO, very cheap; npoAasaMi. —ho, 
to sell cheap or at low prices; — hhji / 
cheapness; low prices; — H-feji vn to be- 
come cheap, come down in price, sell 
at low price. 

esxapHCTHH / Eucharist, Lord's Supper; 
— THqecKH a eucharistic, — al. 

erHjja,/ aegis. 

erHpa / Hegira. 

eroHS-biM'b m egoism, egotism; — HCTb m 
egoist, egotist, selfish person; — hcth- 
lecKH a egotistic, — al; ad egotistically. 

erp^K-b m sheep-fold, sheep-cot, pen. 

ery.nH / eel (zool). 

eA^m> m eater, big eater, gulper. 

e^BdCAfb) ad scarcely, hardly, barely, with 
difficulty; — jih e B-bSMOWHO, it is 
hardly possible, I don't think; — mora 
fla xoAsi, I am scarcely able to walk; 
— ce cnacHxi. ott. yAaBane, I barely 
saved myself from drowning, had a 
narrow escape from drowning; — ce 

OTI^pBax-b OTT> T03H lOB^K-b, I gOt 

rid of this man with great difficulty; — 
npoAyiHa H na^na M-bpr-bB-b, he no 
sooner uttered a word than he fell down 
dead; — ce CT-bpnti ^a ne BHKa, he 
could scarcely keep from calling out; — 
JiH, hardly! 

E;^^!!!!. m Eden, paradise; —ckh a of 
Eden, paradise, paradisean; — cKa rpa- 
AHHa, the garden of Eden. 

^Aene n eating, meal; food; xy6aBo — , 
good meal; good food; Ao6po aa — , 
good for eating or food; bt. BptMe na 
— , during meal times; nptAH — , be- 
fore meals. 

£AeiUi> pres p v hmt.. 

ejiH ad; — koH ch, such and such a person, 
a certain person; — kavA'^-ch, in such 
and such place, in some place; — KaK-b- 
CH, in such and such a manner; — koji- 
Ko-CH, so much or so many. 

€AHKTT> m edict, decree. 

eAHH^Aecexb nam eleven; — th a elev- 
enth (part);— THMaprt, March eleventh 
(11th), eleventh of March. 

eAHHMMeH'b a one, only, single (instance), 



sole; no —ho ad one by one, singly; 
— HOCTb / singleness, unicity. 

ea.HHHUfl. / unit, one; — uh h ACcerHUH, 
units and tens; HMaiMi. — no reorpa- 
(|)Hfl, I have a unit or one in Geo- 
graphy. 

eAHHiKi. m, — qe n dim one, only one; 
the only son or daughter, 

eAHH^HHe n union, unification; consoli- 
dation, amalgamation. 

eAHHOAyuieH-b a unanimous; —ho ud — 
ly; - uiHe n unanimity. 

eAHHopdACH-b a only, only-begotten (son). 

eAHHCTBCH-b a only, single, sole, singular; 

— CJiyqaff, an only or single instance; 

— cHH-b, only son; — no poAa CH, 
unique in its kind; —ho hhcho, sin- 
gular number (gram); -ho ad solely ,only, 
uniquely; — ifocTb / oneness unicity, 
soleness, uniqueness. 

eAHH-b m, — h4/,— h6 n nam one, a, an; only; 

— OTi. ABaMara, one of the two men; bh- 
A'fex'b — MOBtK-b, ^ena, a^tc, I saw 
a man, a woman, a boy; — no — , one 
by one; — cHH-b na poAHrejiHT'fe cm, 
the only son of his parents; — Bon>, 
one God; jifoSere — Apyrnro, love 
one another or each other; hh — , not 
one; none; ci. — yAapi., with one blow; 
ry — Hdro ry Apyroro, now the one, 
now the other; B-b — MHri*, in an in- 
stant, in a trice; ome — na AyMa, 
one word more; — ho na Apyro, one 
with another, on the average, on an 
average; eAH-biK-b no —ho BptMe, once 
upon a time; Bce mh e — h6, it is all 
the same to me. 

6akh a biting, corrosive, caustic; — Kocxb 

/ causticity, corrosiveness, mordacity. 
enHi f nam v cahhI}. 

eAHdWb V CAH'bMC'b. 

CAH^K-bB-b a the same, like, similar, iden- 
tical; —BO a the same, alike; identi- 
cally; — BHH^, — BocTb / sameness, 
identity. 

eAHHi-bK-b a dim v eAHHCTBenb. 

CAHO n nam v eAHH-b. 

eAHo66>KHe n monotheism; — hhki> m 
monotheist. 

eAHoSdpeuT. m duellist, monomachist; -e- 
CTBO n duel, monomachy * 

eAHo6pdTCTBo n monadelphia. 

eAHoSpiqeHT. a monogamous; raonoga- 
mian (plants); — hhc n monogamy. 

eAHOBpiMeH(eH)-b a simultaneous, con- 



eAHOBtpCH-b 



112 



temporaneous; monpchronic, synchronic; 
— HO a simultaneously, all at once, to- 
gether, at the same time; — lueH-b, — 
CKH a old-time, of former times, old, of 
the past, ancient, antique. 

CAHOBtpeH-b a of the same belief or re- 
ligion; — i;-b tn co-religionist, fellow- 
believer; — pne n identity of belief or 
religion. 

eAHorjids-b a one-headed. 

eAHorji^ceH-b a unisonous, unisonant; 
unanimous; —ho ad — ly, with one 
voice, with one accord; — one n unison; 
unanimity. 

eAHOroAMUieH-b a one-year old, of one 
year. 

eAHor-bpGa KaMHJia / dromedary. 

eAHOAH^BCHii a of one day, one day; 
ephemereal. 

eAHOAbMCTBo n monoecia {bof). 

CAHO-Apyro ad this and that; odds and 
ends. 

eAHOAyuien-b v eAHHOAyuieni.. 

eAHoeT^Hceu-b a one-storied (building), of 
one story, monocotyle {bot). 

eAHO>K^HCTBo n monogamy; — hcut. m 
monogamist. 

eAHOSByqen-b a unisonant, unisonous; — 
MHC n unison, harmony. 

CAHoa^Meu-b m compatriot. 

eAH03H^Heiui> a synonymous; h caho* 
SHaqenii. 

eAH03«.6T. a monodon. 

eAHOHMeH(eH)-b a univocal, homonymous. 

eAHOKOHMTeH-b a soliped, solipedous; 
single- footed. 

eAHOKpdKi> a single-footed, one-legged, 
one-footed; monodactylous. 

eAHORpdreH-b a one-time; solitary (action), 
single; —ho a once; all at once, all to- 
gether. 

CAHOK'bpBeH-b a consanguineous; — bhc n 
consanguinity. 

eAHOJiHcreHT. a monophyllous. 

eAHOjiMqeHi> a unipersonal. 

CAHOji'feTeH'b v CAHoroAHuieH'b. 

eAHOMMCJiHe n agreement, concord, har- 
mony, unison. 

eAHOMtceneH-b a a month's (notice), of 
one mtnth; for one month 

CAHOMiK.weH'b a monandrian (bot); — >KHe 
n monandria. 

eAHOo6pa3eH-b a uniform, monotonous; 
— HO ad — ly; — awe «, — hoctb/ uni- 



formity, monotony. 

CAHOdK-b a one-eyed (one), monoculous, 
monocular. 

eAHonjiiMeH(eH)'b a of the same race, 
kindred. 

eAHop6r-b a monocerous, unicorn {bot). 

CAHopdACH-b a homogeneous, homogeneal; 
— HocTb / homogeneity, unigeniture. 

CAHopAK-b a one-handed, single-handed, 
one-armed. 

eAHOC^;ieu-b m co-villager. 

eAHocjibmcH'b, — cpH«ieHT> a monosyl- 
labic, — al. 

eAH0CT^6;ieH'b a one-stemmed, monopetal- 
ous, gompetalous. 

eAHOcrp^Hen-b a unilateral, one-sided. 

eAHOCTpanqMB-b a one-sided, peculiar, 
exclusive; —bo ad one-sidedly; — Bocxb 
/ one-sidedness. 

eAHOCTpyHCH-b a one- stringed (instru- 
ment), monochord. 

eAHOctMeH(eH)T. a raonospermous; — h6- 
AtJieHT. a monocotyledonous. 

eAHOc«.m(eH)'b a consubstantial; — Hocxb 
/ consubstantiality. 

eAHoycTCH-b a monostomatous. 

eAHoyTp66eHi. a uterine, of the sam? 
mother. 

eAHoyxT. a one-eared. 

eAHOUBtxeHT. a uniflorous {bot); mono- 
chromatic. 

CAHOHepyneH-b a one-shelled, of one shell. 

CAHoqji^HeH-b a uniarticulate, of one mem- 
ber {of periods), monomial {alg). 

eAHO;K.r'bjieHi> a one-angled. 

CAHiiK-b ad once, one time; — caho 
BpliMC, once upon a time; caMO — , 
only once, just once. 

eAP^ii vn to grow big, become bigger, 
grow up big; — ene n growing up big. 

^A-bpi* a large-sized, big, full-grown; — 
AoeHT-bK-b, neat, black-cattle; — ho- 
B-feKT., big or large man; — ntcbKi., 
coarse sand, gravel; — po ad in large 
pieces, large, big; ptwia — po, to cut 
large or big, in large pieces; na — po, 
at wholesale {com); — pHHd, — pocxb / 
bigness, largeness, large size. 

ixacevpr to bristle up, raise one's brist- 
les (of porcupine); to wrinkle or pucker 
one's brow, look severe or stern; to 
strut about in anger or defiance; — 
>KeHe n bristling up; looking severe. 



UKCBa-rnaBHqKa 



113 



^MCBa-rjiaBHqKa / yellow-edge (bot). 

^xccBHHa / hedgehog's hide. 

OKCBp^MeHeH-b a continual; — ho ad — 
ly, all the time. 

CMcerdAeH-b, — AHuien'b a yearly, annual; 
— HO a yearly, every year, annually. 

exceAH^BCH'b a daily, every day; diurnal, 
quotidian; — BtcTHHK'b, daily paper; 
—HO a daily, every day; dlurnally. 

e^eMHHyreH'b a every minute, every 
minute's (delay); —ho ad every minute. 

exccM'feceKeH'b a monthly; —ho a month- 
ly, every month. 

exceneA^JieH-b a weekly; —ho ad weekly, 
every week. 

^wene n v eM<a ce. 

eHceq^ceHi. a hourly; —ho ad hourly, 
every hour. 

eiK-b m hedgehog, porcupine; MopcKH — , 
echinus; Kocara My cT-bpqu Karo na 
eiK-b, his hair is bristling up hedge- 
hog lashion. 

i3ji9 va to drive, ride (a horse); vn to 
ride, go on horseback; — ce vpr to 
be ridden; tosh KOHb ce —ah, that 
horse is broken for riding, is good for 
riding; —Aiibm rider, horseman, troop- 
er; H esA^Ui*; — flcne « riding; ride; 
horsemanship; — AeuiK6M-b ad riding, 
on horseback, mounted; — ACucb pres p 
riding; mounted. 

^sepo n lake; pond; —pern, a lake, pond 
(lily); —ne n dim small lake. 

esHKOB-lAeu-b m linguist, philologist; — 
A^HHe, — SH^HHe n philology, linguis- 
tics. 

esHK-b m tongue, language; clapper, ham- 
mer (of a bell); spring bolt; idiom, dia- 
lect; speech; diction, style; BHrjinflcKH 
— , English language or tongue; xy- 
fiaBi — , good diction or style, fine 
language; S'bji'b — , evil tongue; Tofi 
roBopH (})peHCKH — , he speaks or 
knows French; roll ne roBopn — Ka 
AoGpt, he speaks the language brok- 
enly; xcHB-b — , living language; M-bp- 
xaB-b — , dead language; MOAepnH — 
UH, modem languages; luo My e aa 
cbpAuero, TOBa My e h na — Ka, his 
heart speaks through his mouth; 60- 
jiH Me —KB, my tongue hurts me or 
pains me; — Koa-b a language, of a 
language, lingual; — qe n dim small 



tongue; languet (org), mouth-piece (of 
wind instruments), tab; epiglottis (anat);. 
— qcHT. a of tongue, lingual (letters); — 
qecTb a big-tongued, having a big 
tongue. 

esHMHRK-b m gentile, heathen, pagan; — 
qecKH a heathen, pagan (gods); — qe- 
CTBo n heathenism, paganism. 

esorepHqecKH a esoteric, — al. 

efl inter/ heyl say! hollah! nay; — raM-b, 
hey there! say! '— noaeqe OT-b xyfl, 
nay, more than that; — qoB%qe, my 
dear fellow! — BoAce, O God! My 
God! 

efl ad here; ever; just; — ro ryKa, here 
he is, there he is; — cera, this very 
minute; — HanptAi* ever forward I — 
T-bfl, just this way. 

ettu^ V flflue. 

^KBaM-b V eqa. 

eKBdTop-bm equator; — pH^Jieni. a equa- 
torial; equinoctial; — ckh a equator's, 
equatorial. 

eK3a;iTdi^HJi / exaltation; — THpani* a 
exalted. 

CKS^Men-b m examination, examen; — 
H^Top-b m examiner, examinator; — 
HdaaMi. va to examine, 

^Ksapxi. m exarch; — xdflcKH a exarch's, 
of an exarch; of exarchate; — ApxHH / 
exarchate. 

eKser^THKa / exegesis; — r^qecKH a exe- 
getical. 

eKseKyuHsi / execution. 

eKs^MB / eszema (med). 

CKseMnJidp-b m copy, duplicate; speci- 
men. 

eKsoTepiiqecKH a exoteric, — al. 

eKSOTHqecKH a exotic. 

eKHH^xc-b m personel, crew, company (of 
a ship); equipment, acoutrement; gear. 

eKji^KTHin> m eclectic; — rriiqecKH a ec- 
lectic. 

CKJidra / eclogue. 

^KHB V eqa. 

eKOHOMHCBBM-b va to economise (-mize), 
save, spare; — ce 7>pr to be economised; 
to be saved; — ne n economising; saving, 
sparing; — cbht. ppp h a economised. 

eKOH^M-b m steward; — MHCTb m econo- 
mist; economical person; — MiiqecKH a 
economic (question), economical, frugal, 
saving; ad economically; — h6mh9 f 
economy; thrift, saving; nojiHTHqecKa 
— HOMKfl, Political Economy. 



114 



eMOpHOJiorHfl 



^KOT-b m echo, reverberation; roar, bellow- 
ing, noise, bustle. 

eKcnaHcrisHOCTb / expansiveness. 

cKcneAHpaMb va to send, ship, expedite; 
— ce vpr to be sent; —He n sending, 
shipping; — ropb m sender; — topckh 
a sender's, shipper's, expeditor's, of an 
expeditor; — uhh / expedition. 

eKcnepHM^HT'b m experiment, test, exper- 
imentation; — iTdjieHT. a experimental 
(Psychology); positive; — rajiHO ad ex- 
perimentally 

CKcnepTHsa / valuation, examination 
(law). 

cKcn^PTi* m expert. 

eKcnAoaTHpaMi> va to exploit, work out 
(a mine, etc); to sweat, swindle (a per- 
son); — ce vpr to be exploited, worked 
out; —He n exploiting, working, cul- 
tivating (lands, etc); exploitatioa; sweat- 
ing, defrauding; — xdrop-b m exploiter; 
speculator; sweater, sharper; — Tdrop- 
CKR a exploiter's, of an exploiter; sweat- 
ing (system), exhorbitant (prices); ad 
like an exploiter; — t^uhh / exploita- 
tion; fraud. 

eKcndHeHT-b m exponent (math). 

eKcn6pTi> m export; exportation; — Ten-b 
a export (duty). 

eKCT^3-b m ecstasy. 

eKcrp^KT-b m extract, essence (of roses), 

eKucHTp^K-b m ah eccentric person; — 
TpHweH-b, — qecKH a eccentric, odd, 
queer; — qecKH a eccentrically; — rpiiH- 
HOCTb / eccentricity. 

CK-b m echo, reverberation; roar, bellow. 

eAi imper come, come in, enter; — aa me 
BHAHTe, come to see me; — TCBcnqKH, 
come all (of you); — , —re, come in! 

ejiA / fir-tree, spruce, red-fir. 

ejiacTHqeH-b a elastic, — al, pliant, flex- 
ible; —HO ad — ly; — nocTb / elastic- 
ity. 

ijiiia / buck-wheat. 

ejie^HA'bpi* m oleander (bof). 

^jie conj v caMo; ad v eAsaM-b. 

eJieB^Topi} m elevator, lift. 

e.ner^HTeH'b a elegant; —ho ad — ly; — 
HOCTb / elegance. 

eji^rnii / elegy; — riiqecKH a elegiac, — al. 

eji^il m holy oil, ointment, chrism, unc- 
tion; noMasaaiN'b cb — , to annoint; 
— onoMas^HHe n chrism, unction; — 
ocBeui^HHe n extreme or last unction. 

cnexTpHsyBaiM-b va to electrify, electrise 



(-trize); — ce t»/?r to be electrified, elec- 
trised; —He n electrifying; electrisation, 
electrification; — sdrop-b m electriser; 
— a^UHii / electrisation, electrification. 

ejieKTpiiqecTBo n electricity; — ckh a 
electric, — al; —ckh toki*, electric cur- 
rent; —CKH yAapb, electric shock; — 
ckh jiaM6H, electric lamps. 

ejieKxpo-ABHr^rejib m electro-motor; — 
-AHH^MHKa / electro-dynamics; — me- 
T-bp-b m electrometer; — -pTpHMare- 
jieHb,— -nojioiKHTeJieH'b a electro-neg- 
ative, — positive; — -cKom. m electro- 
scope; craTHKa / electro-statics; — 

-Tcp^nHH / electro-therapeutics; — 
-THo-b m electro-type; — -xhmhh / 
electro-chemistry. 

CAeKTpdA'b rn electrode. 

ejieKTpoAHS'b m electrolysis; — riiqecKH 
n electrolitic. 

ejieKTpoMarneTHS'bM'b m electromagnet- 
ism; — MarHHTeH'b a electromagnetic. 

e.neKTpoT^XHHK'b m electric engineer; — 
Ka / electro-technics. 

eji^K-b m, — qe n dim vest, waist-coat; 
jacket. 

CJieMeHT^panb a elementary; — HOCTb/ 
elementariness, elementarity. 

ejieM^HT-b m element; -Tern, a ele- 
mental. 

eji^Hb m deer; hart, stag; mx.}kkh — , 
buck; HcencKH — , doe; ctaepeu-b — , 
reindeer; aMepHKaucKH — . moose; — 
HOBT. a deer (ilesh), buck (skin), hart's 
(horn), cervine; — qe n young deer. 

eji^uiKa / minnow (zool). 

e^inKCHpi. m elixir. 

^^HHHS-bM'b m Hellenism; — jihhckh a 
Hellenic, Hellenian; — HHCTb m Hel- 
lenist. 

^jiHHca m ellipse, ellipsis (geom); — co- 
HA'b m ellipsoid; — rnqecKH a elliptic, 
— al; ad elliptically. 

e;iM^3'b m diamond; jewel; — aem. a dia- 
mond (watch), of diamond; — 3h pi dia- 
monds; jewels (of a watch). 

eji6B-b a lir, fir-tree, spruce, of spruce. 

ejixd / alder, alder-tree; — xAkt, m alder 
grove, alder forest; — x^bt. a alder, 
aldern, of alder. 

ewAHji-b m enamel; —juipaM-b fa to enamel. 

eMaHUHndi^Hii / emancipation. 

eMfiji^Ma / emblem, symbol; — riiqecKH 
a emblematic, — al. 

eM6pHOJi6rHH / embryology; — rnqecKH a 



eiMHrpHpaM-b 



115 



eCKSAP* 



embryologic, — al; — 6H-b m embryo, 
embryon. 

eMHrpHpaiH-b vn to emigrate; — ne n 
emigrating; emigration. 

eMHrp^HT-b m emigrant; — ckh a emig- 
rant's, of an emigrant; emigrant (ship); 
— UHH / emigration. 

«MjiHK-b mt real-estate; real-estate tax. 

emduHH / emotion. 

«MnHpHK-b m empiric; — pH3-bMi> m empir- 
icism; — pHMccKH a empiric, — al; ad 
empirically. 

^MHa ce vpr to vouch, guarantee, answer 
for (a person). 

eHACMifqecKH a endemic, — al. 

eudprHfl / energy; — riiqeHT., — qecKH a 
energetic, — al; — rnqno, — qecKH ud 
energetically, actively. 

eHHq^pb m Janissary; —ckh a Janis- 
sary's. 

eH6pHfl / parish; — piittcKH a parish 
(church), parochial; — nui-b m parish 
priest, vicar. 

CHTOMOJidrb m entomologist; — rnqecKH 
a entomological; ad entomologically; — 
THa / entomology. 

eHTycH^S'bM-b m enthusiasm; — THqecKH 
a enthusiastic, — al; ad enthusiastical- 
ly; — dcTb m enthusiast. 

eH4)H^ nt v eM(|)He. 

eHUHKjion^AHH / encyclopedia; —mcth 
m encyclopedist; — AHqecKH a encyclo- 
pedic (dictionary), encyclopedical. 

^HiOBqe n bed-straw {bot). 

endpxHti / diocese, bishopric; — Ajichi. a 
diocean. 

ennrp^Ma / epigram; — MeHii a of epig- 
ram, epigram; — THqecKH a epigram- 
matic, — al. 

enHrp6<])HH / epigraphy. 

enHA^MHa / epidemic, epidemic disease; 
— MHqecKH a epidemic (disease), epi- 
demical. 

enHA^piMa / epidermis, scarfskin; — Mii- 
qecKH a epidermic, — al, epidermal. 

enHadAi* m episod; — acht., — ahicckh 
a episodic, — al. 

enH3o6TH{i / epizooty. 

enHKyp^eu'b m epicure; — p^flcKH a epi- 
curean; — pHs-bAfb m epicurism. 

^nHK-b m epic poet; — nifqecKH a epic 
(poem). 

«nHji6nTHKi> m an epileptic; — >CHa / 
epilepsy; — TiiqecKH a epileptic (fit), 
epileptical. 



enHji6n> m epilogue. 

enHCKon-b m bishop; jiohaohckh — , 
Bishop of London; — nHH / bishopric, 
episcopate; —ckh a episcopal; epis- 
copalian (churcfh); — ctbo n episco- 
pacy. 

enHTd4)'b m epitaph. 

enRT^AHfl m epithelium {anat). 

enHT^T-b m epithet; surname. 

enHTHMHii / penance. 

enHTpaxHji-b m stole (of a priest). 

enHTpon'b m church-warden; sexton; — 
CKH a church-warden's; — ctbo n church- 
wardenship. 

eniiqeH-b, —ckh a epic (poem, etc). 

enoji^T'b m epaulet. 

enon^H / epopee, epic poem, epos. 

endxa / epoch, era, period; — x^jieH-b a 
epoch-making (event). 

6pa / era, epoch, period. 

epr^H-b m bachelor; — a'^AO, old bachelor; 
H epreHHH-b; —ckh a bachelor's, of a 
bachelor; — HyBaiNi* vn to remain or 
stay bachelor; —ctbo n bachelorship, 
bachelorhood; — qe n dim young bache- 
lor; little bachelor. 

£pe n kid; v ape. 

^pe6Hua m partridge; — qem. a par- 
tridge, of a partridge; — qe n dim young 
partridge. 

6pec-b m heresy; — thkt. m heretic; — 
THqecKH a heretical; — TuqecTBO n 
heresy, inclination to heresy. 

^pnna v apHHa. 

^pHua V npHua. 

epoTiiqecKH a erotic; ad erotkally. 

epneTOJi6rHfl / erpetology. 

epyAHUHH / erudition. 

epL(xepu6n>m archduke; — rHaa/ arch- 
duchess; —CKH a archduch's, of an arch- 
duke; — «TBo n archdukedom. 

6pqa ce vprXo strut about, puff up, look 
important. 

ep'b-roji'feM'b m the letter (t.) of the Bul- 
garian alphabet; — -Maji-bK-b m the 
letter (b) of same. 

6ceHb / autumn, fall; Ha — , in the au- 
tumn, towards autumn; -Hen-b, -c^hckh 
a autumnal; — H^cb ad last autumn; 
— c^HHua / late pear; — nyBaMi* vn to 
pass or spend the autumn. 

ec^HUHs / essence, extract, otto (of roses). 

ecK^Apa / squadron (naui); — pdn-b m 
squadron (mil); — pdueH-b a squadron, 
of a squadron. 



ecKHMOcCeiOi* 



116 



ecKHMdc(eit)i> m Eskimo. 

ecK6pT-b m escort, train, retinue. 

ecHA({)i> mt craft, guild; trade- corpora- 
tion; guildry; — ckh a guild (asso- 
ciation), of a guild; 'trade (union); — 
CTBO n guildry. 

eCTCJiHB'b,— jiAti* a of good appetite; — 
qoB-bK-b, a man of good appetite, big 
eater. 

ecT6cTBeHi> a natural, of nature, innate; 
physical (science); crude; unaffected, 
free; — Kjnoq'bt key of C Major; —Ha 
HCTopHfl, natural history; roBa e — 
HO, that is natural; — hhki> m natural- 
ist, natural philosopher, —ho ad na- 
turally, of course; unaffectedly; ro- 
Bopfl — ho> to speak naturally or un- 
affectedly; — ho, naturally! of course! 
— HOCTb / naturalness, naturality; art- 
lessuess. 

ecrecTBd n nature; disposition, tempera- 
ment; no — , by nature, naturally; bi. 
—TO Ha Htmara, in the nature of 
things; BTopo — , second nature; ra- 
KT>Bo MH e —TO, such is my nature, 
temperament or disposition; — b'^a^- 
HHe, — 3H&HHe n natural science, nat- 
ural philosophy; — BtAeui., — hsoh- 

T^TCJIb m V eCTeCTBCHHK'b. 

ecT^THKi. m esthete; — wa / esthetics; 
— TifqecKH a esthetic, — al; ad estheti- 
cally. 

^CTHe n food, meal, cooking; dish, course; 
CoraTO — , fine food, excellent dish; 
06-bAa ce cbCToeme oti* rpn — Ta, 
the dinner consisted of three courses; 
nocTHO — , vegetable food, vegetable 
diet (in fasting). 

CTaxc^pKa / standi what-not, dresser. 

eT<i}Ki> m story, flat, floor, flight; ni>pBH 
— , first story, first floor; AOJiHHHT'b — , 
bottom or ground floor; TpH —ho 3Aa- 
HHC, three-storied building. 

CT^n-b m stage, station, stopping place. 

CT^pb m ether; — piiqecKH a ethereal; — 
PH3&UHH / etherification. 

^THKa / ethics; morals; — THqem., — th- 
qecKH a ethical, moral; ad ethically. 

CTHK^Ti m tag, label; ticket. 

CTHK^Ti* m, — una/ etiquet(te), good man- 
ners; cnopeAi> — UHtiTa, according to 
etiquette; — tchi. a of etiquette; cere- 
monious, a lover of etiquette. 

CTHMOJidr-b m etymologist; — rHqecKx a 
etymologic, — al; ad etymologically; — 



THH / etymology. 

eTHOJi6rHfl / etiology. 

eTHp-b V erepb. 

eTHorp^<|)'b m ethnographer; — (})HHecKH 
a ethnographic, — al; ad ethnographl- 
cally; — (})hsi / ethnography. 

eTHOJi6r'b m ethnologist; — riiqecKH a 
ethnologic, — al; ad ethnologically; — 
phji / ethnology. 

6to ad here! there! behold! — ro, here 
he is! there he is! behold he is com- 
ing! — hh, here we are! — hhc KaKi* 
npaBHM-b, that is the way we do; — 
AeHbT-b, now is the day, behold the 
day! 

CT-Lpaa / sister-in-law (wife of the hus- 
band's brother); — bkhi. m brother-in- 
law; a sister-in-law's. 

CTidA'b m study; sketch. 

ettiCKTHBi. m effective, real; bi> - , in specie 
{banking). 

e4>eKTHBeH'b a effective, efficacious, tell- 
ing (results), effectual; —ho a — ly; — 
HOCTb a effectiveness, efficacy. 

e<t)^KT-b m effect; rojitim. -*■, great ef- 
fect, grand effect; Ceai. — , without 
any effect, effectless; npoH3Be»AaM'b 
cjiaC-b — , to produce a poor effect or 
impression; — Ten-b a of effect, produc- 
ing effect. 

e<}>eM6peH'b a ephemeral. 

e4)eMepHAH pi ephemerides {astr). 

e4)Hp-b V eTcp-b. 

eq>6pi> m ephor; — pHfl/ corporation (of 
a university). 

e4>P^MTop'b m corporal; —ckh a corpo- 
ral's; — CTBO n corporalship. 

exHAHa / viper, adder; — acht. a viper- 
ous, viperine; malicious, spiteful (person); 
—HOCTb / malice, spiteful ness, spite. 

6ko n echo'; — ti. m echo, reverberation; 
roar, bellow; bustle, noise. 

CK-b V CKO. 

exT* vn to echo, resound, re-echo; to ring, 
peal, din, quake, bellow; cJiaaaTa My — 
TH no utjiHH CBtT-b, Ws reuown rings 
throughout the whole world; ropaTa — 
TH, the forest is rumbling; — tchc h 
echoing, sounding, ringing, pealing (0/ 
drums), rutablfng, bellowing; — t6iki. m 
rumbling, peal, din, quake, bellow; — 
Teui-b pres p; h tH&. 

exo V eKO. 

tx-h inter/ ah! oh! alas! heigh-ho I — 6pa- 
Tfl mhjih, O brothers of mine! — Aa 



eqcMMKi. 



117 



^Kap-b 



ce He BHAH, confouad it ! 
eqeMHK-b m barley; — qe n dim sty (in 

the eye); — qen-b a barley (bread), of 

barley; h eqiwHK'b, eiM^Hi*. 
ema4)6T-b m scaffold; gallows. 



7K. 



iK&6a/ frog; angina, ranula, quinsy (med), 
lampas (vet); qepna — , toad; KocTena 
— , tortoise, turtle; — 6ipb m frog- 
catcher; —6eHi. a frog's (legs), of a frog; 
quinsy; — GeuiKH, — SeuiKdra, — 6eiu- 
KdM-b ad like a frog; squatting; — 6HHa 
/ frog-spawn; — 6HHeK-b / cotton-weed 
{bof); — Chht. a v >Ka6eH-b; — CHMKa, 
— 6Hua /, — Ji6, — m6 n dim a little 
frog; tadpole; — eiime n an awfully big 
frog or toad; — Ka / v MH^a; — 6y- 
HeK-b V >Ka6HHeK-b. 

>Kd6pH pi V xpHJlt. 
>KdBKaM-b V A>KaBKaM-b. 

)KdAeHi> V MceAen-b. 

MCaAHtSI V MCeAHttl. 

:M<aAyBaMi> v wcAyBaM'b. 

utAiKjiA f thirst; thirstiness; yearning, 
desire; — sa c^iasa, thirst for renown 
or glory; — napH, thirst, greediness, 
cupidity after money; qyacTByBaiM-b — , 
to be thirsty, get thirsty; yracaMi, — , 
to quench one's thirst. 

yK&n6a f request, complaint, grievance; 
petition; grief, lamentation; pity; com- 
passion; ornpaBflM'b — , to make a 
request; nptACTaBSM'b — , to prefer or 
lodge a complaint (against a person); — 
ra My e rojitiwa, his grief or sorrow 
is past endurance; H-feMa HHKaKsa — 
y Hero aa Apyrnrt, he has no pity 
tor others. 

>KdjiBaM-b ce vn to complain, make a 
complaint, lodge a complaint (against a 
person); —He n complaining, complaint. 

wdjiene n mourning, lamenting; lamen- 
tation; pity; — Ji^ftKH, — Jiemt pres p 
V manev. 

ni&neH-b a sad, sorrowful, plaintive, mourn- 
ful, doleful; pitiful, piteous; — bbki, 
doleful cry; —Ha ntcenb, plaintive 
song; — HH AyMH, sad words; mournful 
numbers; —ho ad sadly, sad, nta 
—HO, to sing sadly, plaintively; rjie- 
AaM-b —ho, to look sad, melancholy; 



—HO e imp V it is sad, it is too bad; 
— HO mh e, I am sorry; —ho mh e aa 
AOMa» I am home-sick; —ho my e sa 
npHHTejiH CH, he is sorry for his friend; 
he pities his friend; he misses his friend; 
Aa He TH e —ho nocji'k> you shouldn't 
feel sorry for it afterwards! —no inter] 
it is too bad! it is a pity! 

HcajiHHK'b m wretched fellow, poor guy. 

MajidBeH'b a sad, anxious; yearning for, 
desirous of; —ho ad sadly, dolefully. 

>KajioBHT-b a sad, plaintive; v iKajiocreH-b; 
—TO ad — ly, sad. 

>K^;iocTb / pity, compassion, mercy; aa 
— , unhappily, unfortunately; ott. — , 
through pity; — tcht. a sad, piteous, 
pitiful (cries), woeful, rueful, lamen- 
table; compassionate, touching; wretched 
(state); — thbt. a compassionate, tender- 
hearted; —HO ad — ly; sad. 

>K^ji-bK-b a sad, piteous; poor, wretched; 
— cnoMeHi., sad recollection; — Ko 
CbCTOHHHe, piteous or wretched condi- 
tion (of affairs); — kh ocraHKH, poor 
remnants; — ko e imp v it is too bad, 
it is a pity. 

wajib / pity, compassion; — mh e aa 
Hero, I pity him, am sorry for him; — 
MH e aa AOMa, I am home-sick; mho- 
ro My e — aa Apyrapn ch, he misses 
his companion very much. 

Hca^iiti vn to mourn, lament, grieve; to 
wear black; nero — tt* sB-fep-b h npH- 
poAa, both nature and beast mourn for 
him; — aa npntiTejiH ch, to mourn, wear 
black for one's friend; — ene n mourning, 
lamenting, wearing black; — euit pres 
p; — ilKa/ mourning, black-cloth, mourn- 
ing-dress. 

iK&na va to pity, have mercy on; to 
spare; ne ro — , I don't pity him; ne 
CH — JiH >KHBOTa, he thinks little of 
his life, he will do all for others: — 
jiene n pitying, having mercy on; — 
jieui-b pres p. 

>KaM66H-b m haq}. 

McaHA^pMii m gendarme; — MepifflcKH a 
gendarme, of the gendarmery; — m6- 
pHH / gendarmery; v cTpa>Kapb. 

Hcap^Ba / ambers, live-coals; coal-pan, 
broiler; — bh va to broil (meat, etc/, 
—Bene n broi'ing; toasting. 

>Kap-b m embers, live-coals, burning coals; 
heat, glow; ardo(u)r, passion; burning fit; 



118 



spell; BaAii — Hs-b neqKa, to take the 
embers .put ^f a stove; newa ua — , to 
roast on live-coals or live embers; bt, 
—pa ua ;iK)6oBbTa, in the great pas- 
sion of love; B-b —pa na rpecKara, in 
the burning fit or height of fever; — 
p-bitb a burning (fire), hot, sultry (weath- 
er), ardent (patriot); — ko ad hotly; 
ardently. 

MCdTSa V iKCTBa. 

x(Apt6^ n colt, foal; — 6^Hue n dim a 
little colt; a nice little colt; — C^ut. m 
stallion; — 6Hua / filly. 

}KApi)6ii vn, — ce vpr to foal; — ^6eHe 
n foaling; — 5eiiii> pres p. 

>K^ra / heat, hotness; sultry weather, hot 
weather; rojitiMa — , terrible heat; Jitx- 
na — , summer heat; bt* rasH — ra, in 
this hot or sultry weather; CcnbHqeBa 
— , burning heat of the sun. 

xcer^ va to burn; to scold; to brand; to 
cauterise (-ize) (a wound); — ct» ropemo 
M<ejit3o, to apply a red-hot piece of iron 
(to one), burn with red-hot metal; bo- 
Aara — iK^, the water is hot-boiling, is 
too hot; cJibHuero — >k^, the sun is 
burning hot; vn to smart, sting; pa- 
Hara Me — }k6, my wound is smart- 
ing; — ce vpr to be burned; to burn 
oneself; — >KeHe n burning; cauterising, 
searing; cauterisation (of a wound); — 
Hceui'b pres p. 

xc^rjia / yoke-stick, side-stick (of a yoke), 
rod. 

xcerjid n v >K6ra. 

jK^rHyBaiM-b (-na) va to burn, stick or 
poke (with a hot piece of metal, etc); 
Toll ro —Ha no piKKara, he scorched 
his hand; rasH Ay Ma ro — na a^ji- 
iSoKo, that word stuug him deeply; — 
ce vpr to bum oneself; to be scorched; 
—He n scorching, burning, pricking, 
sticking; — nan. ppp. 

2Kerb m v »;^ra. 

xc^ACH-b a thirsty; thirsting; — cbM-b, I 
am thirsty; I am dry; — aa snaHHe, 
thirsting for or after knowledge; — ho 
ad thirstily; —ho mm e, I am thirsty, 
feel thirsty ; —HOCTb /thifstiness; avidity 
(for riches), greediness; h JKaAen-b. 

xceAyBaMi. vn to thirst for, thirst after; 
to yearn, burn for, be burning with a 
desire for; — 3a npasAara, to thirst 
after righteousness; — yneHHe, to thirst 



after, yearn for, education; — ne n thirst- 
ing; yearning. 

xteAniti vn to be thirsty, get thirsty (for 
water;; to thirst after (learning, etc)^ 
yearn for (a thing); — ene n thirstying, 
getting thirsty; yearning, longing for; 
— em-b pres p. 

iKiVKii va v >Ker^. 

XC^lKHHUa V BapHHua. 

>Ke>KqHHd / V iKera. 

>K6>K-bK'b a hot, red-hot, burning, sultry 
(weather); v ropemi*. 

xc^s'bji'b m staff, scepter; mace; wand (of 
a conjurer); 3.naTeHi> — , golden scepter 
or rod; — jioraA^HHe n rhabdomancy; 
— jiOHdceui* m scepter-bearer, crosier- 
bearer, mace-bearer. 

JKejideM-b a desirable, desired, to be de- 
sired; Tosa e — MO, that is to be de- 
sired; — MOCTb / desirability, desirable- 
ness. 

M<eji^eHe n, — emi. pres p v ^ejian. 

^eji^HHe n wish, desire; will, ambition; 
KaKBo Bh e —TO, what is your wish? 
what do you wish? Bonb Aa Bh abac 
cnopeAi> —TO Bh, Qod grant you what 
you desire; cnopeAT» —to My, accord- 
mg to his wish or will; the way he 
desires or wants it; Tofl HMa — Aa 
crane HH^Kenepb, he wishes to be- 
come (has the ambition of becoming) 
engineer. 

yueaiLH-h a desired, desirable, welcome, 
expected, wished for; cnopeAi* — 
njian-b, according to the plan desired; 
He cbMb — TaM-b, I am not welcome 
there, am not wanted there. 

>KeJi^Tejib m wisher; AoCpo- , well- 
wisher; 3JIO— , evil-wisher; -—MWb a 
desirable, desired; welcome; to be de- 
sired; optative (mood); T-feaH ntma ne 
CiK. — HH, these things are not desirable; 
— HO e imp V it is desirable, it is to 
be desired; ne e —ho, it is not de- 
sirable; —HOCTb / desirability, desirable- 
ness. 

iKeJiaTMH-b m gelatine; — hcht. a gela- 
tine, ot gelatine, gelatinous. 

>Kejidti va vn to wish; to desire, long, 
yearn for; — My AoCpoTO, I wish him 
good; — Bh ycntx-b, I wish you suc- 
cess; mo —re, what do you wish? what 
is your wish? roaa — , that is what I 
wish, that is my wish; Chx* — Ji-b Aa 



119 



I 



sHan, I should like to know; bhiuo ne 
— e, he does not wish anything, he 
wants nothing; ne th — npH MCH-b, I 
don't want them near me; — Aa bham 
fipara ch, I wish to see my brother; I 
long to see my brother (in his absence); 
He —re nu MajiKO cyna, won't you 
care for a little soup? — ce vpr to be 
wished; to be desired; to be desirable; 
to be expected; Tosa ne ce — e, that 
is not to be desired, is not desirable; 
— ene n wishing, desiring; wish, desire; 
— emi* pres p; — jiaji-b app; — ht. ppp. 

Hc^jiBa, — Ka / V KocTCHypKa. 

iKejiT^K-b m cistus (bot). 

menTeHHUA / jaundice, icterus; horse- 
saffron, bastard-saffron (bot); — qasi. a 
having the jaundice, icteric, — al. 

iK^JiTHi-bK-b a dim somewhat yellow, 
rather yellow; rather pale, pallid. 

mejiTHao n,—THH& f yellowness; yellow- 
ness, yellow matter or stuff; yellow 
colo(u)r. — H^Ki. m yellow matter; yel- 
lowness; 

wejireHHK'bB'b a yellowish, rather yellow, 
sallow; —BO ad yellowish; — BOCTb / 
yellowishness. 

wejiTHua / gold piece, gold coin; Turkish 
lira. 

>k4jito ad yellow; n yellowness. 

»eJITOBdT1> V ^eJITCHHK'bB'b. 

«eJiTyra / yellow- weed, rag- wort (boi). 

weJirypKa / yellow-hammer (orn). 

iKeflT-b a yellow (colo(u)r); pale (face), pal- 
lid; sallow; — uB-feT-b, yellow colour, 
yellow tint; —to jiHue, pale face; roll 
ce BHHCAa MHoro — • he looks very 
pale. 

McejiT'bK-b m yolk (of egg), yelk. 

^e^T^H vn to grow, tur» or become 
yellow; to grow or become pale {of 
people); — ce vpr to look or appear 
yellow (at a distance); H-feiuo mh ce 
— e xefl xaiw-b, I see something yellow 
way yonder; — ene n growing or turn- 
ing yellow or pale; looking or appear- 
ing yellow. 

Htenra va to dye, colo(u)r, paint yellow; 
— ce vpr to be dyed, coloured or paint- 
ed yellow. 

^eji-fes^pb m ironmonger; hardware man; 
iron-worker; mechanic; — piin / pi old 
iron; hardware; — hhue / forgehammer, 
foundry, iron works; hardware shop; 
— CKH a ironmonger's; steel (ware). 



iron (works), hardware (shop); — ckh 
CTOKH. hardware goods; — ctbo n iron 
trade, hardware business; mechanics. 

jKeji-bseH-b a iron, of iron; steel; — n«.Tb, 
railway, railroad; — HHCrpyMeHT-b, 
iron or steel instrument or tool; —Ha 
pyiia, iron-ore, iron-dust, bog-earth; — 
MOCTb, iron bridge; — ua p^Ka, — 
c-bpAue, a hand or heart of steel; —Ha 
T-bproBHH, iron-trade, steel-business; — 
HH onH.nKH, iron filings; — hh H3At- 
jiHH, iron-work, steel-work. 

^eA^SHMqe n vervain, peristerion (bof). 

McejiisHHua/ railroad, railway; G-bjirap- 
CKH — UH, Bulgarian railways; OMxy- 
BaMi. c-b — , to travel by rail. 

>Ke.ni'fe3HH>idpb m railway-man, railroad 
employee; mechanic; —ckh a railway- 
man's, railroad employee's, of railway- 
men; —ctbo n railway employment, 
railroad service. 

>KeJi'fe30 n iron; iron instrument or tool; 
OTT» — , of iron, of steel; iron, steel; 
cypaBO — , pig-iron; 6hto — , ham- 
mered iron; CTapo — , old iron, scrap- 
iron; — Ha njiOMH, plate-iron; — na 
npA.Te> bar-iron; — h Kp-bBb, blood 
and iron; mcko — , soft iron; sApaBe 
OTT> — , iron constitution; — aecTb a 
containing iron, ferruginous, irony; — ue 
n dim a small piece of iron. 

}Keji^3(H)on^TeH'b a railroad, railway, of 
railway, of railroad; — paanncbt rail- 
road time-table; — BJiaK-b, railroad train; 
— na jiHHHti, railroad track or line; — 
na Mp-b>Ka, railway-net; — na KOMna- 
HHH, railway company; — Ha AHpeK- 
UHH, railroad office, railway directory. 

>K^.n;K.A'bK-b m v CTOiwax-b. 

>K^;i{iB-b a thin, lanky, scraggy. 

M^JiAiAii m accorn. 

w^na va v xcbna. 

iK^na va to marry (one's son); — ce vpr 
to marry, be married to; — hh ce Aor- 
A* CH MJiaA'b, marry while young; 
CHHi. My ce — HH, his son is being 
married; TotI ne uie ce — hh, he will 
not marry; — nene n marrying; mar- 
riage; — Hea-b, — HCTb a married (man 
or woman). 

iKend / wife, spouse; woman; xy6aBa 
— , a fine wife or spouse; a beautful 
woman; 3HMaM-b sa — , to take for a 



MCHHOfia. 



120 



xcersapb 



wife, marry; ^aBaM-b aa — , to give in 
marriage; weaeua — , married woman; 
— My ro BOAH aa Hoca, his wife has 
got the best of him; — HHH-b a wife's, 
of the wife; — H^Hi^e n, — HHi^a, — 
HiiqKa / dim a little wife; a nice little 
wife; a little woman, a small woman; 
a nice little woman; — HHtue n an 
awfully big woman; —ho voc woman! 
my wife!— HopHH/>/a crowd of women. 

xceHH A6a / marriage, matrimony, mar- 
ried life; wedlock; — 6eH'b a marriage, 
of marriage, matrimonial, wedding; h 
xceuHjiKa. 

HceHK^pb m given to women, lewd per- 
son; — CTBO n love for women, lewd- 
ness. 

weHOJiHK-b a having a woman's or lady's 
face, effeminate (face). 

weHOJiK$6eu-b m a lover of women; — 
GHB-b a a lover of women, given to 
women; — Sne n love for women. 

»eHOMiR.}KHe n gynandria (bot). 

3KeHonoA66eH-b a woman-like, womanly, 
womanish, effeminate (face). 

3K£hckh a woman's, of a woman, wo- 
men's, lady's; feminine, female; wo- 
manly, womanish, effeminate; — rpyA'fc. 
woman's labo{u)r; — rjiacbi woman's or 
lady's voice, female voice (soprano); — 
poa.-b, feminine gender {gram); female 
sex; — Ka 6oAecTb, female disease, 
venereal disease; — kg ApywecTBo. 
woman's or women's society; — ko jih- 
ue, woman's face; effeminate face (of 
men); — kg ABH>KeHHe, woman's move- 
ment, women's cause; —km Ao6po- 
AtreJiH, womanly virtues; — koto n 
the female (of animals or birds). 

JK^HCTBeH-b a womanly (characteristics), 
womanish, effeminate (person); — HOCTb 
/ womanliness, femineity; womanish- 
ness, effeminacy. 

x<^Hii V Ateua. 

x<epdBa V JKapaBa. 

^ep^B-b m crane. 

xc^pKa m wind-mill (not common). 

»^pTBa/ sacrifice, offering; victim, prey; 
rojitma — , a great sacrifice; gmhcth- 
Te.nHa — , sin-offering; omh;iocthbh- 
Te.nHa — , peace offering; propitiatory 
victim; HSKynHxeJiHa — , victim of 
expiation; naAaiM-b — , to fall a victim 
or a prey; npHHacflM-b — , to sacrifice, 
offer as a sacrifice; — aa AoCpoTO na 



HapoAa, a martyr for the good of the 
people; HenpHHreJibT-b AaAe mhofg — 
BH, the enemy suffered a great loss; 
— HHK-b m alter (of offering), small al- 
ter; — BCH-b a of sacrifice, of offering; 
of victim; sacrificial. 

xcepTBonpHHOui^HHe n offering, sacri- 
fice; oblation; — CHrejib /n offerer (of 
sacrifice); sacrificer. 

xclgpTByBaM-b va to sacrifice, offer as a 
sacrifice; to offer up, give; — CHHa ch, 
to sacrifice one's son; — ceCe ch aa 
OTeHecTBOTO, to sacrifice or give one's 
life for one's country; — cBOHTt hh- 
TepecH, to give up one's interests; 
6aiua My — Ba bchhko aa nero, his 
father gives up every thing for him, 
does his utmost for him; — ce vpr to 
sacrifice oneself, offer up oneself as a 
sacrifice; to immolate oneself; to be 
sacrificed, offered as a sacrifice; to be 
given; totobt. cbMi* Aa ce — aa oxe- 
qecTBOTo CH , I am ready to give my 
life for my country; MHoro mbjiko ce 
— Ba aa 6-bAHHTtf very little is being 
given for the poor; — ne n sacrificing; 
— H-b ppp; — B^rejib m sacrificer, of- 
ferer, giver. 

>KecTOKOc-bpA^ieHi> a cruel, hard-heart- 
ed, pitiless; —ho a — !y; — hhc n 
cruelty, hard-hartedness. 

>KecTOKGxap^KTepeH-b a of cruel char- 
acter, severe, harsh; — HOCTb / cruel 
disposition, harshness, severity. 

AcecTdK-b a cruel, severe, hard-harted, 
stern, austere, merciless, pitiless; — 
uapb, cruel king; — rjucb, harsh voice; 
— nenpHHTejib, cruel, merciless foe; — 
Ka cAA6a, cruel or hard fate; — Ka 
Heo6xoAHMGCTb, dire necessity; — ko 
JiHue, stern, austere or brazen face; — 
KO ad — ly; naKaasaM-b — kg, to punish 
severely, cruelly; AOKaqaMi. —kg, to 
insult grievously; AyxaMi. —kg, to 
blow violently of wind, etc); — KOCTb 
/ cruelty, severity, harshness, hardness, 
roughness, austerity. 

>KecTT> m gesture; action, move, stroke 
(of diplomacy). 

Mc^TBa / harvest, crop, reaping; eorara 
— , rich harvest; bt. BptMe na — , in 
harvest-times, during harvest-time; — 
BCHT. a harvest, of harvest, reaping. 

iKCTBlpb m reaper, harvester; — Ka / 
harvest-woman; reaping-machine; — ckh 



121 



»HB'fe;iHiiie 



a harvester's, reaper's; harvest, reaping 
(machine); — ctbo n harvesting, reaping. 

SKHB^K-b m mercury, quicksilver; — hcht. 
a mercury, of quicksilver. 

xfABa-TptBi / geranium, stork's bill (fto/). 

xcHBeHHua/ scrofula; — qeHi a iscorfulous 

xcHBHH^ / creature, being, living thing; 
vivacity, liveliness; HtMauie xcHBa — , 
there wasn't a single living being; hhc- 
Ka — , mean creature; ci> roji^Ma — , 
very lively, with great liveliness or 
alertness; — brhk^/ d/m a little being, 
little living thing. 

}Ki)BHm>K-b a dim pretty lively, viva- 
cious; — KO ad livelily, vivaciously. 

)KH BO ad lively, livelily, vivaciously, brisk- 
ly, quick; n living thing, living being; 
nHnafire — , be lively, be quick about 
it; BCHqKO e — SApaBO, every thing 
is well; HtMame hhiuo — , there wasn't 
a single living thing there. 

xcoBOBji-faK-b m ripple-grass, plantain {bot). 

^KHBOOHCb m painting; fine arts; BOAHa 
— , water-colo(u)r painting; 6jia}KHa — , 
painting in oil; neflsa^KHa — , landscape- 
painting; — ceHT. a picturesque (scenery), 
pictorial, vivid; — ceu'b m painter (in 
oil), picture-drawer; — ho ad picturesqe- 
ly, pictorially, vividly; — hoctb / 
picturesqueness, vivid description; —ctbo 
n painting, fine arts. 

>KHBop6iieH-b a viviparous. 

^HBOCTb / vivacity, liveliness, spiritful- 
ness, sprightfulness, animation; activity; 
— xeHT. a lively, vivacious, spirited, full 
of life. 

^KHBOTBdpeH'b a life-giving, vivifying, 
life-restoring, animating. 

SKHBOTMHa / animal, cattle; creature, liv- 
ing thing; — Ka / dim a little animal; 
animalcule, little creature, a living thing; 
— CKH a animal; bestial, beastly; ad 
bestially, beastlily; —ctbo n beastli- 
ness, bestiality. 

}khb6tho n animal, brute, beast; living 
creature; AOMauiHO — , domestic ani- 
mal; AByHoro — , biped; <ieTBepoHoro 
— , quadruped; CBMptno — , fierce ani- 
mal, brute, wild-beast; HtMO — , dumb 
beast; — pacTeHHe n zoophyte; —hoctb 
/ animality. 

xcHBOTOA^BCH-b fl life-giviug, life-restoring, 
vivific; — BeuT> m life-giver, life-restorer. 

}KHBOTO,nK56He n love of life, fondness 
of life. 



HCHBoTonHcdrejib m biographer; — Jien-k 
a biographical; — hhc n biography. 

MCHBOTonHCb m biography; — ceH-b a 
biographic, — al; —ceui. m biographer. 

JKHBOTOTpeneTyiu-b a alive, living; pal- 
pitant. 

xcHBdT'b m life; cjiaBen-b — , glorious 
life; 6AAemi> — . future life; ao — , 
for life, eternally; oc;K.AeHi> ao —, 
sentenced for life; naqHH'b Ha — , way 
of life; — HjiH CM-bpTb, life or death; 
BseT-b H3T. — Ta, taken from life; Bse- 
MaM-b CM — Ta, to take one's life, com- 
mit suicide; — B-feqeH-b, eternal life, 
life everlasting; HHKora bt. hjih npts-b 
— Ta, never in one's life or existence; 
npt3-b utjiHHT-b MH — , in all my life, 
in my life-time; CKAin-b — , precious 
life (of a person); expensive living; Aa- 
Baiwb — •, to give life, restore to life; 
— TCHT. a life, of life; animal (kingdom); 
friendly, sociable; — tcut. m dear life, 
sweet little life. 

}KHByBaM-b vn to live friendly or amicably 
together; hhc ch —me, we are friends, 
live on friendly terms; — m-b a living, 
residing, resident of; —mi. bt, Co(|)Hii, 
a resident of Sofia, residing in Sofia. 

iKHB-b a live, living, alive; lively, viva- 
cious; — BAir.neH-b, live coal; — e3HKi>, 
living tongue or language, modern lan- 
guage; — Ba Ayuia, living soul; 6aiua 
My e ome — , his father is still living; 
— jiH e SpaT-b Bh, is your brother still 
living? HHJieTO e ouie — bo, the bird 
is alive yet; — njier-b, quickset-hedge, 
quick-fence; — Ba BOAa, running water; 
— BaTa BOAa, the water of life, the 
living water; — hjih M-bpraB-b, alive 
or dead; — bo AHxanHe, living being, 
living thing; —bo iweco, live flesh, the 
quick; — e TOfl — e TaiMi. Ha Baji- 
Kaua, he lives yet, he lives yet, up 
yonder in the Balkan (mountains); — 
BHT-fe H M-bpTBHT-b, the quick and the 

dead; yiMptji-b, half-dead; — h 

3ApaB-b, well and safe; —bo Afexe, 
lively, vivacious child; — paGoTHHKb, 
active, energetic worker; npw — Bt, in 
life, while yet living. 

^KHBtene n living; naqMHi. Ha — , way 
of life, mode of living; — eiui. pres p 

V }KHBt.fl. 
MCHBijIHIUe V MKHJIHIUe. 



IKHB'bjIHHirb 



122 



xcHB'BjiHMK'b m nursery pond. 
JKHBtii vn to live, exist; to be alive; to 
continue one's existence, to subsist; to 
dwell, inhabit, abide; — caMo Ha 
x;i'fe6-b, to live on bread alone; — - oti* 
p^Ka Bi ycra, to live from hand to 
mou^i, from day to day; — ci> atpa, 
to live in hope of; — qpisi* B-bpa, to 
live by hope; Toft — e caiwb, he lives, 
is living alone, by himself; ome jih — e 
MaNKa My, is his mother still living? 
r;tt —ere, where do you live (lodge, 
room)? HHe — eme saeAHO, we live 
together; we room together; to*I — e 
BT. npoBHHUHfiTa, he lives in the coun- 
try; 40 KaTO — , while I live, am 
living; as long as I live; ^a — e ua- 
p-bT-b, long live the king! — ewe n 
living, existing; dwelling; life; — emi* 
pres p; a living, a resident of. 
JKHr6cBaM-b va to mark, brand, stigma- 
tise (-tize) (a criminal); -- ce vpr to be 
branded;— He branding; brand; — ht. ppp. 
MHAKOCTb / fluid, liquid; v xeqHOCTb. 
iKHAi* m giant, colossus. 
»H>K-b interj it burns! it's hot! 
WHSHeA^Beu-b V iKHBOTOAaBeu'b. 
)KH3HeH-b a vital; — nocTb / vitality. 
)KH3HeonHCdTejib m biographer; — jient 
a biographic, — al; — hhc n biography. 
M<H3Hep6AOCTb/animation, buoyance, spir- 
itedness; — cTeni. a joyous, buoyant, 
spirited; —ho ad — ly. 
}KH3Hecnocd6eH'b a viable, capable of 
living, full of vitality; — HOCTb/ viabil- 
ity, vital energy. 
WHJia / vein; nerve [bof); seam, vein 
igeol); fibre; streak, grain (in wood); 
sinew, tendon. 
jKHjiaBeii-b m v minB&Ba'kKi,. 
xcHJiaBi. a tough, sinewy, elastic, mus- 
culous; stringy, fibrous; veiny, venons; 
tenacious, viscous, sticky (matter); — 
HOBtK-b, tough, sinewy person; — bh- 
Hd, — BocTb / toughness, stringiness; 
etasticity; muscularity; tenacity — jien-b 
a vein, of vein, venal; — jiecxb a 
veiny, veinous, fibrous; tough, elastic. 
)KHA^TKa / vest, wast-coat; 4BtTHa — , 
fancy vest or waist-coat; — qHua / dim 
a little vest. 
x<HjiHuie n abode, dwelling, residence, 

lodging, domicile, home. 
xcHJiKa/ fibre, string; vein, nerve; — qnua 
/ a tiny fibre, pendicle. 



JKHJio n sting; — Jiene n stinging; sting; 
— jiCH-b a of sting; — .neufb pres p; -~ 
JIH va vn to sting, prick, bite. 

»HjiOBJi^Ki>, — BjitK-b m plantain {bot)\. 
— BjiaqHH pacreHHsi p/ plantain plants, 

xcHpli4>-b m giraffe {zool). 

WHp-b m fat, suet; — pen-b a fat, greasy, 
of fat. 

>KHT6pb m wheat-dealer, dealer inwheat» 
corn-merchant, grain-merchant, corn- 
chandler; — CKH a wheat-dealer's, corn- 
chandler's, of a corn-merchant, — ctbo 
n wheat business, corn-trade. 

^HT^licKH a life's (vicissitudes), of life, 
earthly (cares), worldly (vanity), humaa 
(experience). 

>KHTe;ib m, — Ka / inhabitant; resident, 
citizen; Co())HflcKH — , a resident of 
Sofia, a Sofia man or woman; ropcKH 
— , a highlander; Co<})hh HMa HaAT> 
CTO xHJieAH —JIH, Sofia has more than 
one hundred thousands inhabitants; r-^a 
Co(l)H<tcKH —JIH, citizens of Sofia! -^ 
ctbo n residence, abode, habitalion,. 
home, place of residence. 

wHTHe n life, brography. 

iKHTO n barley, wheat; bread corn, cora 
grain; T-bproBeub na — , dealer ia 
wheat, corn -merchant; TbprosHii cb — , 
wheat business, corn-trade; — ren-b a 
barley (bread), wheat (biscuit), of barley 
or wheat, corn (trade); — uhki* m, — hh- 
ua /, — xpaHHJiHiue n granary, corn- 
house, corn-loft, bin, barn; — npoAa- 
Beu-b m grain or corn -merchant, corn- 
chandler, dealer in wheat; — npOH3- 
BOAHTejib m wheat or corn-grower; — 
^Aeu-b m corn-worm {zool). 
>KHua/ wire; chord, string; ligament {anat)\. 
thread (silk); Tejierpa4)Ha —^ telegraph 
wire; 6e3T> — , with no wire, wireless; 
— Ha HHflHO, piano wire; — ucht. a 
wire; 6e3T. — ucH-b, wireless (telegraphy). 

>KJI-bH^TKa / V )KJIl>TypKa. 

iKJi-bHb m bile, gall; ranco(u)r, choler, spite 
(f^g)\ — Ka / gall, bile (anat); me my 
ce nyKHe — Kara otI) 3jio6a, his heart 
will burst of spite; HSJiHsaM-b —Kara ch, 
to vent one's spleen; — qen-b a gall 
(duct), of gall, of bile, gall (sickness), 
biliary, bilious (disease); spiteful (per- 
son), bitter, scathing (criticism); —ho 
a biliously; venomously, spitefully; — 
HOCTb / gallness, biliousness; spiteful- 
ness. 



}KJlt6l> 



123 



3a6aB;isiBaM-b 



}KJi-b6i> m wine-press, wine-vault, trough; 
flute, gule (of a column), cavity, channel; 
spout, water-shoot, gutter (of candles); 
— 6hh^ / cavity, socket (of a tooth); 
cell (of a honey-comb); — Shhk^ / a 
small cavity or hole; dimple. 

)K;it3^ / gland; npocTaTHqccKara — , 
the prostatic gland; —sen-b a glandular; 
— 3HCT1. a full of glands, glandulous. 

iKM« vn to half close the eyes; to blink. 

>KHHBo n harviest, crop. 

»Ha v >Ki>Ha. 

>Kpe66 V }Kape6e. 

>Kp^6He n lot; xB-bpjiaiM-b — , to draw 
lots, cast lots; —to e XB-bpjieno, the 
die is cast; ptiuaBaMi. qp-bs-b — , to 
decide by lot. 

^peu-b m pagan priest, sacrificer, sacri- 
ficator; — qecKH a priestly, of a sacri- 
ficator; — qecTBo n priesthood. 

>KPHua / priestess. 

>Ky6ypKaM'b va to gargle, rinse one's 
mouth by gargle; vn to bubble, spout 
(of a spring), gush; — ce vpr to be 
gargled; —He n gargling; bubbling; gargle, 
bubble. 

M<y(r);i^H-b m shin-bone {anat). 

>KyKa V ycTHa. 

>KyjiBaMi>, —Ha v >khjih. 

MtyjiH va to rub; to scour, scrub (the 
floor); to grate, rasp; — ce vpr to be 
rubbed; to rub oneself (against); Kyp- 
uiyMa ro caiHO — Haji-b, the bullet had 
just grazed him; —He « rubbing, scour- 
ing; grazing. 

>KyM6pKH V np-b}KKH. 

ucyMH vn to half close one's eyes; to 
blink; to twinkle; — MCHe n blinking, 
winking; twinkling; — MHuiKdra, — 
mimiik4mv ^24 blinking; bii^idlyi 

»yHa / V ycTHa, — necTb a big-lipped, 
with big lips 

>KyneJii> m sulphur, brimstone; or-bHb h 
— , fire and brimstone. 

)KypHajiHCT'b m journalist; — thhcckh a 
journalistic; — s-bMi. m journalism. 

>KypHdji-b m journal; day-book; — jicht. 
a journal, of journal. 

jKypyjib m narcissus (bot). 

>Kypq^ vn to chirp {of crickets)-, to purl, 
buzz; — qene n chirping; purling, buz- 
zing; — qeiub pres p. 

>KbJIT'b V >KejIT"b. 
Wb^IT-bKI* V IKe.nT'bK'b. 

iK-bHa va to reap, harvest, get in the 



harvest; to gather in, crop, cut down ; KaK- 
BOTO nocbe qos-feK-b rosa h me Aa 
—He, whatsoever a man soweth, the 
same he shall also reap; — ce vpr to 
be reaped, harvested; to be easy to 
reap; — nene n reaping, harvesting; 
— Hem-b pres p. 



sa prep for, about, of, concerning, In re- 
gards to; as, in order that; by, at; af- 
ter; to; — BHHarn, for ever; — jio- 
6poTO Ha BCHqKH, for the good of all; 
3Ai6-b — 3A6-b, tooth for tooth; sa 
oGtAb, for dinner; — cera, for the 
present; — }Ka;iocTb, nemacTHe, un 
happily, unfortunately; — npoAanb, 
for sale; roBopHM-b — Hero, we are 
talking of, about or concerning him; — 
Bora, for God's sake, in the name of 
Qod! cjiyJKa — npHM'fep'b, to serve as 
an example (to others); — a.9. ce ne 
noBTapa btoph n«.Tb, in order that 
it may not happen again; HCKa MMKa 
— cnojiyKa, hard work precedes suc- 
cess; xBamaM-b — p^Ka, to take (one) 
by the hand; nHti — same 3ApaBe, I 
drink to your health! here is to your 
health! — K^A'b OTHBare, where are 
you going (tO;? p;KKa — piUKa. hand 
to hand; Toti ce OMenn — 6paTOB- 
qeAKa ch, he was married to his cousin, 
married his cousin; — CM-bxb, for fun; 
craBaMb sa — , to become a laughing- 
stock; noKaHBSMb — oS-fe^b, to invite 
to dinner; — h npoTHBb, for and against, 
pro and con; — KaKBO e BcnqKO 
ryfl, what is all this about? T-b cal 
BCHqKH — Hero, they are for him, they 
all stand by him. 

sadxKaMb vn to begin groaning, burst 
forth groaning. 

3a6^Ba / amusement, entertainment, di- 
version. 

3a6aBdqb m entertainer, amuser, an en- 
tertaining person; — HHua / kinder- 
garten. 

3a6dBeHb ppp v 3a6aBsiM-b. 

3a6aBHTejieH'b a entertaining, interesting; 
— HO ad — ly. 

3a6aBji^HHe v saCaaa. 

saCaBjiHsaM'b va to entertain, amuse, 
divert; — ce vpr to be amused, enter- 



3a6aBflM-b 



124 



aaSpaBCH-b 



taioed, diverted; to amuse, divert one- 
self; to busy oneself with, pass the time 
with; —He n entertaining, amusing, di- 
verting; V 3a6aBa; — hhkt. m enter- 
tainer; amuser, joker. 
3a6<iBiiM-b va to delay, prolong, retard; 
to detain, keep back, stop, hold over; 
MHoro — BHXTC oTroBopa CH, you 
didn't answer me in due time, you de- 
layed my answer too long; — ce vpr 
to delay, stay too long, linger, tarry; to 
be delayed, retarded; H*Ma ;»a ce — 
BH MHOro, I shall not be (away) long, 
shall not be long in coming; cTOKara 
me ce — bh i^-bji-b Mtceui>, the goods 
will be delayed a whole month; — ne 
n delaying; delay; — bch* ppp. 
3a6&}KAaM-b v saGo^KAaM-b. 
aafiaTaqdBaM-b v 3aA'»»Ji6a8aMT>. 
aaGB^HHe v saGpaBHHe 
aa^HBaM-b va to beat in, into, drive in, 
into, drive down, hammer in, into; to 
nail; to thrust, stick (a knife) in, into; 
— KOJiUH, to drive in stakes; rofl — 
6h xaMara ch bt. cbpAUero My, he 
stuck his dagger into his heart; — ce 
vpr to be driven in, down, hammered 
in, into; to be stuck; to stick, get stuck, 
fixed; Kypuiym-bT-b aa — 6h bt, crt- 
Hara, the bullet got stuck into the 
wall; —He n beating or driving in, into; 
sticking; —em., — 6hti. ppp. 
aafiHK^jiKa / round-about way of talk- 
ing, circumlocution, shifts; Ceai. — kh, 
plainly, in blunt language, point blank; 
cb — KH, with cixcumlocutioii, in a 
round-about way. 
aaSKKdjitiMi. va to get around, go or 
come round; take a turn; speak in a 
round-about way, evade (a question), 
overlook, pass by; — ce vpr to be got- 
ten around, get surrounded: — ne n 
going or coming round, getting around; 
evasion (of the law); roundabout way 
of talking, circumlocution; — KdJiCHi. 
ppp; — KdAKa / visit, round, tour (a- 
round the world); v aaoCHKajiHMT.. 
aaSifpaM-b va to drive on, forward (o/ 
cattle, etc), drive all or together; to 
rake, scour, take all; vn to gather, be 
clogged (0/ a machine); to gather pus, 
suppurate {of wound); paaCoHHHiJiHT'b 
— 6pajiH BCHqKHTt roBeAa K-bM-b ro- 
para, the highway- men drove all the 
cattle to the mountain; — ce vpr 



to be driven on, forward; —He n driv- 
ing on, forward; clogging; suppura- 
tion; — Cp^HT. ppp, 
aaCjiaroBpiiweH-b. a timely, opportune. 
saejiecT^BaiH-b, — m* vnXo begin to shine 

or glitter. 
3a6;iy}KA^BaM'b va to lead astray, mislead, 
deceive, delude; to mix; — ce vpr to 
err, stray, go astray, run astray; to 
make a mistake, be deluded; -re ce, 
you deceive yourself, you labo(u)r under 
a delusion, you are mistaken; — ne n 
leading astray, deluding; erring; — a6- 
HHe n error, mistake, delusion; — a^hi. 
a mistaken, laboCu)ring under a delu- 
sion, mislead, confounded (fool); stray, 
lost (sheep); — A^rejib m misleader, de- 
ceiver, leader astray. 
3a6jiK$BaM-b va vn to begin or com- 
mence vomiting or throwing up. 
3a6oraT^BaM-b vn to get or be getting 
rich; to enrich oneself; toH e-bpMce — 
Ba, he is getting rich fast; —He n get- 
ting rich; enrichment; He3aKOHHO — ne, 
unlawful enrichment or augmentation 
of wealth; — T-fejii. a grown rich, be- 
come rich; flourishing, prosperous (mer- 
chant). 
3a66>KAa;i-b va to stick in, drive in, 
shove in; to spit, put on the spit; — cb 
Kap<{)Hua, to fix or fasten (a thing) 
with a pin; rypuHTl; — xa Ati^ara Ha 
CBOHTt 6aifoHeTH, the Turks used to 
stick children on their bayonets; — 
A^TC ro na CT-bHara, stick it or fas- 
ten it on the wall; — -ce vpr to be 
stuck; to stick, get stuck; to cling, cleave; 
to sink; — ce na pAJKem., to be 
put on the spit; —He n sticking in, 
into or on, — acht. ppp stuck, fastened; 
—66n'b ppp 

3a6o3dBaM'b vn to begin or commence to 
suck; V aauHUBaiwb. 

3a6ojiiBaM-b vn to fall sick, get sick, 
fall ill, be taken ill; — ott. nneBMO- 
HHa, to be taken ill with pneumonia; 
—Hen falling sick, getting sick; sickness, 
illness; — jitJii. ppp fallen ill, taken ill 
(of fever, etc). 

3a6op^B5iM'b V 3a6paBflM'b. 

3a6opqdBaMi> v saA'bJiJKHJiBaM-b. 

safipdea / oblivion; neglect. 

aaSpdecHT. a forgotten, neglected, fore- 
lorn; — HOCTb / forgetfulness, oblivion 



3a6paBjiHBi> 



125 



saCtjisaM-b 



3a6paBjiiiBi> / forgetful; —bo ad — ly; — 
BOCTb / forgetfulness. 

saSpdBHM-b va vn to forget; to omit, 
neglect, leave out; — bhxt. Aa Bh Ka- 
>Ka. I forgot to tell you; mo — bhxtc, 
what did you forget? —bhxtc jih nt- 
mo, did you forget anything? Tofll 
jiecHo — Ba, he forgets easily; hc — 
fixe, don't forget; — ce vpr to be 
forgotten; to forget oneself; —He n for- 
getting; forgetfulness, oblivion; — bcht. 
ppp. 

saCpaAHBaM-b, — op6}KAaMi> va to cover 
(one's head or face) over or up; to tie, 
fillet, band, wrap (a handkerchief round 
the neck); — ce vpr to be covered over 
or up; to cover up one's head or face 
{of Turkish women); to cover one's head 
(with a handkerchief, etc); —He n cov- 
ering up, wrapping up, baading; — 
A^Hi) ppp with one's face or head co- 
vered up or wrapped up; — 6pdAKa / 
head-piece, head-band, fillet (of peasant 
women); bandage, tie; h aaCp^AHHua/, 
saSpdAnHKi. m. 

3a6pd3A<iM-b va to begin furrowing. 

saCpaHflBaAfb va to interdict, prohibit, 
forbid; to debar, exclude; to defend; — 
Bh Aa roBopHTe noBene, I forbid you 
to talk any more; — tt. iwy Aa xoah 
neui-b. he is not allowed to walk; koH 
MOMce Aa MH — HH Aa npaati rylt, 
who can stop me from doing this? — 
ce vpr to be prohibited, forbidden, in- 
terdicted; — Ba My ce Aa nne BOAai 
he is forbidden to drink water; — my 
ce Aa npaKTHKyaa aABOKarcTBo, he 
is interdicted or enjoined from practis- 
ing law; — Ba ce BHOca ua eAtp'b 
AoSHT'bK'b, the importation of neat is 
forbidden; — sa ce Aa ce nyuiH, smok- 
ing is forbidden, or not • allowed; no 
smoking! — ne n prohibiting, forbid- 
ding, interdicting;prohibition, interdiction; 
hinderance; h 3a6p^Ha, 3a6paH6HHe; 
— HeH-b a forbidden (fruit), prohibited, 
interdicted; — ho e imp v it is pro- 
hibited, forbidden, interdicted; it is nOt 
allowed or permitted; — HHTejib, pro- 
hibiter, forbidder; "— HHTCJieH-b a pro- 
hibitive, forbidding, interdictory. 

3a6pHHqBaM-b va to tie together, band, 
bind, tie into a knot. 

3a6p-bHqBaM-b vn to begin or commence 
buzzing or humming. 



3a6yj»iM'b va to veil, cover (one's face) 
up or over — ce vpr to veil oneself; 
to be veiled; —He n veiling, covering 
up; — JieHT. ppp H a veiled; ct. — jieuo 
jiHue, veiled. 

3a6yH-b m peasant under-garment; — qe n 
dim jacket. 

3a6yTaH'b a complicated, entangled (af- 
fair); lonely, isolated (street); slow, dull» 
stupid (person). 

3a($yqdBaM'b vn to begin or commence 
to bellow, roar, resound; TonoseTt — 
q6xa, the cannons commenced roaring; 
—He n roaring, bellowing. 

saGyqsaM'b va to stick or drive in into; 
to thrust in, cut in, set in; to strand; — 
KOJiitH, to drive in stakes; — bi. Kajib- 
ra, to stick, knock in the mud; — ce 
vpr to get stuck, be stuck; to strand, 
be stranded {of a ship); ■ nrjiara ce e 
— qiijia B-b np-bcra mh, the needle has 
got stuck in my finger; —He n sticking; 
— qeHi> ppp stuck; fastened; stranded 
{of a ship). 

saS-bepaiM-b vn to commence babbling,, 
begin prattling, start chattering, open 
up one's mouth, KaKBO ere — 6pemi 
raKtiBa, don't make so much noise! 

3a6-bpKBaM'b va to mix, mix up; to stir 
up, round; to implicate; to confuse; — 
Kama, to make a mess, stir in flour 
and water (for chickens); to make a mess 
of an affair; roll — Ba h Mene bi> ra- 
3H pa6oTa, he mixes me too in that 
affair; — Ch oiRTti, to lose one's way; 

— ce vpr to be mixed, mixed or stirred 
up; to be implicated; to be entan- 
gled, complicated; — ne n mixing, stir- 
ring; implicating; implication; compli- 
cation, entanglement; — ht. a h ppp, 
mixed up; implicated; complicated, made 
a ,mess of; entangled. 

3a6trBaM-b vn to run away, run off, take 
flight, flee away, abscond; th e — aa- 
jia cb Hero, she has eloped with him; 
—He n running or fleeing away, get- 
ting away; eloping, elopement (of lovers); 
— naji-b ppp; a stray (animal). 

3aGtjiBaM'b va to commence bleaching 
(cloth), skin (fruit, ^fc); to season (food); 

— ce vpr to be seasoned; — ne n bleach- 
ing; skinning; seasoning; — Jia / fat (in 
food); seasoning, condiment; — jien-b a 
seasoned, rich (food). 



saMjitiKBam-b 



196 



3aBex(AaMi> 



saOtjiiiKBaM'b, — ^isBaM-b va to mark, 
note, mark down, note down; to notice, 
observe, see, perceive; to remark, make 
a remark, point out, suggest, to admon- 
ish, reprove; — s-b KHHrara, to note 
down in the book; roil He Me — 3at 
he did not notice me; —iKiTe, take 
due note, mark you, notice, take notice, 
see, observe; toA My — >kh, he called 
his attention, pointed out to him; he 
admonished him; — ce vpr to be marked, 
noted, noted down; to be noticed, 
seen, observed; to be remarked; He ce 
— sa, it is not noticeable, it is not seen; 
—He n noting, marking; noting down 
(in a book^; noticing, observing; point- 
ing out, remarking; notice; remark; 
warning, admonition; — >KeH-b, — aan-b 
ppp noted, noted down; noticed, seen; 
pointed out; — sajii* app. 

saG-fejitiKHMi* a noticeable, perceivable 
observable, perceptible; —mo ad — bly. 

3i6-kji!ft}KiiTejieH'b a remarkable, note- 
worthy, famous, noted, renowned, cele- 
brated; — rpaAi>, famous, celebrated 
city; — {{laKTi*, remarkable, noteworthy 
fact; —Ha 6i>p3HHa, remarkable, strik- 
ing celerity; —ho arf remarkably, strik- 
ingly, in a remarkable manner, singu- 
larly; — HOCTb / remarkableness, ce- 
lebrity {of a person); famous place, site, 
object. 

3a6%jii}KKa / remark; note, notice; an- 
notation; hint, suggestion; admonition, 
warning; sropa — , second note; second 
notice; second warning; npasfi — n-b- 
KOMy, to call one's attention; npaasi — , 
to remark, make a remark. 

3a6irHyBaM-b (-Hi) v saStraaM-b. 

saBajiHBa imp v it is beginning to rain, 
it commences to rain. 

3aB^aM-b va to roll up, roll over; wal- 
low up (in the mud); to throw down, 
knock down (in wrestling); to make (a 
fire); — ce vpr to roll up, wallow up; 
to be thrown down; —He n rolling up 
or over; throwing down; — Jien-b ppp. 

aaadpaaM-b va v 3aBapaM'b. 

3aB«ipAHM'b va to guard, protect, defend; 
to preserve; to keep or maintain in 
one's possession; — eARO npHcraHH- 
me, to fortify or protect a port; roil 
He Moxci Aa —AH HMora na 6aiua 
CH, be could not keep long his farther's 



property; — ce vpr to be guarded, 
protected, defended; to guard or pro- 
tect oneself, to shelter oneself, find shel- 
ter; to be preserved; — ne n guarding, 
defending, protecting; preserving; de- 
fence, protection (of a city); — Aem. 
ppp H a guarded protected, provided 
with defence, fortified; sheltered (against 
winds, etc). 

3aBipeHi> ppp soldered {of utensils, etc). 

sasipen-b a found; open, flagrant (of- 
fence); — Gpari*, step- brother ; — cHHi, 
step-son; — na cecrpa, step-sister; — 
HMKi* m, — HHua / step-child. 

aaBap^saM-b va to solder, weld, fasten 
by forging; — ce vpr to be soldered; 
— He n soldering; — peni* ppp soldered. 

3aBipaM-b va to find, nab, surprise, 
take unawares; to discover; — piixi. rn 
na o6-bAi>« I found them eating their 
dinner; — phah ra B-b caMoro Atjio, 
they were caught in the very act; — 
ce vpr to be found; to be nabbed, sur- 
prised; —He n finding, surprising, nab- 
bing; — peni* ppp found, nabbed, sur- 
prised (in the act). 

aaaeA^HHe n institution, establishment; 
usage; 6jiaroTBopHTe;iHO— • charitable 
institution; CorocjioBCKO — » theolog- 
ical seminary; — sa rjiyxo-ntMH, 
school for the deaf and dumb. 

saseAH-biK-b ad once for all times. 

saaeAp^sa ce vpr it is clearing up, it is 
brightening up (of the weather). 

3aB^>KAaM-b va to lead, conduct, take or 
bring to; to escort; to carry, convey; to 
keep (books); to manage, run, direct; to 
bring an action against one; to begin, 
take the lead; to found, establish; to 
take to a bull {of cowsy, — npnaTejib 
y AOMa, to take or bring a friend home; 
HestcTara Chac — Aena bt, qepKaa, 
the bride was conducted to church; toH 
— Aa KHHrHT-fe Ha ({)HpMaTa, he is the 
one who keeps the books of the firm; 
Tofi — B^Ae Atjio npoTHB-b KOMna- 
HHMTa, he brought an action against 
the company; Tott — b^ac xopoTO, he 
led the dance, took the lead of the dance; 
— ce vpr to be lead, conducted, escort- 
ed, brought; to be kept; — ne n lead- 
ing, conducting; bringing; keeping; ad- 
ministering, managing; management; — 
AeHT> ppp lead; escorted; brought; a es- 
tablished (custom). 



aasesBaM-b 



127 



3aB^3BaM-b va to commence embroider- 
ing; to knit in or on. 

aaaa^MaM'b, — ssHMaM-b va to occupy, 
take up (room); to take possession of, 
lay hold of, seize; to engage (a place); 
nHsiHOTO —Ma MHoro M-bcTO» the piano 
occupies, takes up too much space or 
room; HenpHHTejiii —3^ rpa^a, the 
enemy took possesson of the town, 
became master of the city; — ce vpr 
to be occupied; to be seized, taken pos- 
session of; —He n occupying, taking 
up; seizing, taking possession of; occu- 
pation, seizure (of a town); —aiT-hppp 
occupied, taken; occupied, busy, too 
much occupied (with work). 

saBMBaMi. va to wrap up, do up (a pack- 
age), cover up, veil (one's face), roll 
up (a cigar); to wind up, turn around, 
twist, bend; to twine; to gather up; to 
curl; vn to turn, bend one's way; — 
A'^Te, to wrap up, swathe or swaddle 
a child; — flxe mh tosh nptAMer-b, 
wrap up, do up this thing for me; ne 
Atttre MH — aa p^Kara, don't twist 
my hand; toH — bh K-bM-b Apyrara 
yjiRUa, he turned or bent his way to- 
wards the other street; — ch Kpan na 
H'feKVR.A'b, to abscond; — ce vpr to be 
wrapped up; to be covered; to wrap or 
cover oneself up; to roll up, turn up, 
to turn around, bend around; to twine, 
coil, twist, gather up, frizz; to head (of 
cabbage, etc), to turn into cocoons (of 
the silk worm); — aa My ce cBtr-h, he 
is getting dizzy; — ne n wrapping, 
covering up; turning up, winding up, 
twisting; heading (of cabbages, etc); 
envelopment (of the silk worm); — eni. , 
— TT. ppp. 

saBHBKa / bed-cover, blanket, quilt; cover, 
covering, wrapper; case; envelop; — kh 
pi bed-clothes. 

aaBHAen-b a enviable (position), well to 
do (man). 

saBHAAHB'b a envious, jealous, begrudg- 
ing; —BO ad — ly, with envy, spiteful- 
ly; — BOCTb / enviousness, jealousy. 

saBHA'feJi'bBa ce imp v it is growing light, 
it dawns, it is day light, the day begins 
to break. 

aaBHiKAaMib va to envy; to be jealous 
of, grudge, begrudge; — Bh na ycnt- 
xHTt, I envy your successes; — Bh ua 



CHJiara, I envy your strength; rt Bh 
— TT>, they envy you, are envious of 
you; He A'tflre mh — Aa, don't envy me; 
He Tpt6Ba Aa ce — Aa na Apyrnrt, 

one shouldn't envy others, people 
shouldn't be jealous of others; —He n 
envying; envy, jealousy, grudge. 

saBHKBaM-b vn to begin calling (some- 
body), commence crying (for help), start 
yelhng. 

saBHHarH ad for ever, for a!I times, for 
good; eAH-bxc-b — , once for all times. 

saBHpaM-b (-apji) va to shove or thrust 
in, into, get in, into, force in, into, squeeze 
in, into; — H%Koro bi> rtCHO, to 
get one into a hole; — ce vpr to shove 
oneself in, into, squeeze oneself in, into; 
—He H shoving or thrusting in, into, 
squeezing in, into; — sp^H-b ppp shoved 
or squeezed in, into (a hole, etc); — 
spH KyKa, / a meddlesome fellow. 

aaBHpaM-b vn to begin to boil, commence 
boiling; to commence fermentlog; —He 
n boiling; fermenting; — Bp%ai> ppp 
aboiling, boiling. 

aaBHCHMb a dependent; subordinate; ^ 
vassal (province); ne ^ejiaa Aa 6mjK^ 
— , I don't wish to depend on anybody; 
— MOCTb / dependency, subordinacy, 
subordination. 

saBHCTJiiiB-b a envious, jealous of, be- 
grudging, spiteful; —BO ad — ly, with 
envy; — BOCTb / — ness, envy, grudge; 
— BHCTHHK-b m envious person, envler, 
grudger. 

s^BHCTb / envy; jealousy, grudge, spite; 
uie ce n^KHc or-b — , he will burst 
with envy or jealousy; rjieAaM-b cb — , 
to look with envy, enviously, grudgingly. 

aasiicfl vn to depend on, upon, be depend- 
ent; to owe allegiance to; to be subject 
to; -Tit OTi. Hero aa nptxpaHara ch, 
they depend on him for their livelihood; 
— CH OT'boScTOHTejiCTsaTa, it depends 
on the circumstances; xoaa — ch ott> 
Bacb, that depends on you, it is for 
you to decide this, this lies in your 
hands; — ceue n depending; dependence; 
— cem"b pres p depending, depend- 
ent on, subject to (circumstances, etc); 
a subordinate (person). 

saBHTjiiOBaM'b va to screw on, screw up, 
screw fast; — ce vpr to be screwed 
up; —He n screwing up; — jien* ppp 
screwed up. 



saBjiaAHiBftirb 



128 



saB-bpasaMi* 



aaajiaAiiiiBaM'b va to ordain or conse- 
crate bishop, invest with the dignity of 
a bishop; — ce vpr to be ordained 
bishop; — ne n ordination, consecration 
(of a bishop). 

saBjia^itBaM'b va to occupy, take pos- 
session of fa city, etc), seize, lay hold 
of; to capture, conquer; to captivate 
(one's heart); HenpHMTejiHT* — xa crpa- 
Kara, the enemies occupied or captured 
the country; roil cKopo — AtJit cbpii- 
uara Ha bch^khi he soon captivated 
or fascinated the hearts of all; — ce 
vpr to be taken possession of, occu- 
pied; to be captured; to be captivated; 
—He n occupying, taking possession of; 
conquering, capturing; occupation, cap- 
ture, conquest; — fltTeab m seizer, oc- 
cupier; capturer, conquerer; —Bjiia,9H-b 
ppp. 

aasji^qaM'b, — BjiHqaMi* (-sjieKa) va to 
drag or draw along, carry away, draw, trail 
or bear away, draw in; to entice away; 
to harrow (a field); pa36oflHHUHT-fe ro 
— Koxa c-b ceCe CH, the robbers dragged 
or carried him away with them; 
Toft — Bjidqa AyMHT-b CH, he drawls his 
words; — ce vpr to drag oneself along; 
to be dragged, borne or carried away 
or along; to be drawn in, into (a river, 
etc); to be harrowed; — ne n dragging, 
trailing away or along; bearing or car- 
rying away; harrowing; — Bji-feqeHi ppp 
dragged along, away; carried away; 
drown in, into; harrowed. 

saBoeB^BaM-b va to conquer, subdue, sub- 
jugate; — ce vpr to be conquered; — 
HC H conquering; conquest; — bAht. ppp 
conquered. 

saBoesdrejib m conqueror; Bn^ixejiM-b 
— Tb, William the Conqueror; — jieHi) 
a of occupation, of conquest; — na ap- 
MHH, army of occupation. 

saBiiiKxaM'b V saBexcAaM'b. 

saBdaBanfb va to begin carting, truck- 
ing, conveying. 

a^Bofl m turn, bend, curve, corner (of a 
street); loop. 

aaBOH^BaiMi* vn to begin to stink or 
smell bad or putrid. 

aaBOKSaaM-b vn to commence carrying on 
war. 

sAapara ad in vain, to no purpose; inter/ 
the deuce I the devil 1 



saapaK^jiKa / circumlocution, round- 
about way; quib (of laws); knick-knacks. 

3aBp'&3BaM-b V aaB'bpSBBM'b. 

saaplsKa / tie, string; file; bunch, bundle; 
ovary (bot). 

saBp-biuaM-b va to turn round, around; to 
turn back or on the other side; — ce 
vpr to return, come back, come back 
again; to turn up, turn round, about; to 
turn back; to be turned up, round, about, 
back; soitHHUHTt ce — tt. ott. 6oh, 
the soldiers are returning home from 
war; toft cee— naa-b ott. crpaHCTBO, 
he has come back from abroad; — ue n 
turning; returning; return, coming back; 
— B'bpuaT'b ppp. 

saBp-bTBaM-b V saBiipraMi*. 

a^Bpa V aaanpaM-b, sM-bKBaM-b. 

saacerMt — Bc^Kora ad for ever, for 
all times. 

aaBTHqaMi. ce v npHTHqaMi* ce. 

saBq&cb ad right away, directly, immedi- 
ately, at once. 

adaqepa ad the day before (yesterday), 
the other day; —mem. ad of the day 
before, the other day's (affair). 

aaB-ixcABM-b va to commence breeding, 
rearing; to breed, rear (animalsX raise 
(chickens), cultivate (plants); to prop- 
agate; — 6y6H, to start rearing silk- 
worms; — ce vpr to be reared, bred, 
raised, propagated; to be cultivated; to 
infest; mhuikh c*. ce —jihah bt. kai- 
mara, mice have infested the house; 
—He n rearing, breeding, propagating; 
cultivating; propagation; — Aa / breed, 
race, stock, increase (of cattle, etc); 
brood, hatch (of fowls); — acht. ppp 
bred, reared, propagated. 

saa-bpa^aaM-b vn to begin to go along, 
move along in numbers; u-fejii. cb^ti. 
e — B-bji* Aa ro qye, every body is 
going along to hear him. 

saBipaaaM-b va to tie, bind, do up, knot, 
knit; to fasten; to bear (fruit), begin (a 
battle, engage (into conversation); — 
B-b TOOKa, to make or tie into a ball 
or bundle; — aaxme A'bJi'brb paaroaop'b, 
we entered or engaged into a lengthy 
conversation; — ce vpr to be tied, 
bound, knotted, knitted; to be linked; 
to be set fast, fastened; to cling; to be 
entangled; toH ce e — aajii. o Hero, 
he has tied himself to Hinf, has become 



saB-bpHaA-b 



129 



aarapHM-b 



dependent on him; —He n tying, knot- 
ting, Icnitting; bearing (fruitj; engaging 
(in conversation); — aan-b m dwarf- 
ish plant; knot, knob, joint; — aam. 
ppp tied, fastened tight; knotted, made 
into a knot; ct. — aaHt esHKi., tongue- 
tied, stuttering. 

saB'&pHaji'b ppp V aasp-bmaiH-b. 

sas'&pTaM'b va to turn up, turn round, 
around, about; to twist round; to turn 
away or round, veer (a ship); to screw 
up; — KOJia, to turn a wag(g)on around, 
put a wag(g)on about; — t^tc Kpaua, 
turn the crank round; — HtKOMy yMa, 
to change one's mind, exert an influence 
upon one; — ce vpr to be turned round, 
around; to turn rouad, around, about; 
to veer (of a ship); — ce na nexHT'b ch, 
to turn about on one's heels; — na my 
ce cBtTT., he gets dizzy (from turning 
around); —He n turning round, around, 
about; turn; npn scbKO —He, at every 
revolution; — rem. ppp turned around; 
— Ttjii. app. 

3aB-bpiu(B)aM'b va to finish, complete, 
bring to an end, terminate, close; to top 
off; ouie MajiKO Bp%Me My rp-bSBa 
Aa — uiH CBoero np'bAnpHHTHe, he 
needs a little more time before bringiag 
his undertaking to a completion; — oopa- 
sosaHHero ch, to complete one's edu- 
cation; — pafiorara ch, to finish one's 
work; — ce vpr to be finished, com- 
pleted, brought to an end; to be termi- 
nated; to be rounded up {of a machine); 
to be topped off (of a hay -stack); — ne 
n finishing up, completing, terminating; 
rounding up; finish, completion, termi- 
nation; close, issue; topping off; — uiem. 
ppp V. a finished, completed; rounded 
up; topped off; — iuhjit. app. 

saB^BaiM-b va to blow up, cover up (with 
snow, etc); vn to begin or commence 
blowing; — ce vpr to be bio wed up, 
coverd up; to lag behind, be heedless, 
pay no attention (to one's work); — ne 
n blowing up, covering up; inattention, 
heedlessness; —em. ppp blowed up; 
a a little off, half-cracked {pop). 

saB^flBaiM'b va to begin blowing {of wind, 
snow, etc). 

saB^HBaM-b V sas^XBaMb. 

saBtpAaaM-b va to attest, legalise (-lize) (a 



diploma, etc), countersign, validate; to 
accredit; to credit {com); to verify; — 
ce vpr to be legalised; to be verified, 
attested, validated; to be countersigned; 
to be credited; — ne n attesting, legal- 
ising; countersigning; validating; ac- 
crediting; attestation, legalisation; veri- 
fication; countersign; — penb ppp veri- 
fied, attested, legalised; countersigned; 
credited; verified; — Ka / contersign, 
counter-signature; legalisation; attesta- 
tion; — pHTCJib m certifier legaliser; 
notary. 

saBtca / curtain, large curtain; theater 
curtain; screen; veil. 

sAB-bTi* m shelter, cover (from the wind); 
Ha — , under shelter. 

saairb m covenant, testament; hobh — , 
New Testament; Crapn — , Old Testa- 
ment; — TCHT. a of testament; sacred, 
secret {object). 

saB^xaaM-b vn to begin to wither, fade; 
—He n withering, fading; uBtrero e 
— najio, the flower is withering, is 
fading away. 

saBtmSsaMb va to bequeath (a thing to 
a person), make a bequest of, leave by 
will; to make one's will; — ce vpr to 
be bequeathed; — ne n bequeathing; — 
HHe n testament, will; bequest; order. 

saB-biudrejib m bequeather, testator; — 
jien-b a testamentary, testamental; — 
Ka / testatrix. 

saainHb a h ppp v saBtaaMb. 

sar&ABa ce imp v; — mh ce, it makes me 
sick, it gives me the nausea. 

sarAAKa/ hint, suggestion; riddle, enigma. 

sarAA'bieH'b a enigmatic, — al, myster- 
ious; problematic; —ho a enigmatically. 

sarisaaMb vn to step in, into, stick (in 
the mire), stall; to go deep into (an af- 
fair), get stuck into; Toft e ant- 3Hjn> 
B-b rasH pa6oTa, he has gone too far 
in that affair; — ne n stepping in, into, 
sticking in, into, falling upon. 

aar^jiiiM'b va to uncover (one's clothes), 
bare, strip or lay bare; — ce vpr to 
bare or uncover oneself, expose (one's 
legs, etc); — He n uncovering, stripping 
bare, exposing; — rdjiem. ppp unco- 
vered, bare, half-nude. 

aarapHSt / hard wheat. 

aar^psiMb vn to bum, be burnt up {of 



3aracBaMi> 



130 



sarH-fesAiiMi* 



food in cooking); — ne n burning; — 
pi;ii> ppp burnt up (food), scorched; 
mepHuie Ha — p^jio, it smells of 
burning. 

aar^CBaiwb (-ua) va to smother (a fire); 
to turn (a lamp) down or off a little; 
to slake, quench (one's thirst); — c6Te 
jiaMCara, turn the lamp down a little; 
ortHbT-b e — HajiT., the fire is nearly 
gone out; — ce vpr to be smothered, 
be let burning slowly; to be turned down 
or off a little; —He n turning (a lamp), 
down or off, extinguishing (a fire;, 
quenching (one's thirst); — cem. ppp 
turned down, extinguished, put out; 
quenched. 

aar^TsaM-b (-na) va to hint, suggest men- 
tion (a fact), allude to; cbmo My —uax-b 
sa rasH pa6oTa, I only gave him a 
hint about this business; — h^tc My h 
TOBa, hint that also to him; — na mh 
aa Toaa, ho saGpasHxi. ^a BHKaMca, 
he mentioned this to me but I forgot 
to tell you of it; — ce vprio be hint- 
ed, suggested, mentioned, intimated; — 
He n hinting, suggesting; mention, hint, 
suggestion, allusion; —nar-b ppp hinted, 
suggested; mentioned, alluded to. 

sar^uiaaM'b va to corner, hem in, sur- 
round. 

aarBoaAHM-b va to nail up, spike; — ce 
vpr to be nailed up, spiked; — ne n 
nailing up; — achi* ppp nailed up, nailed 
down, spiked. 

aarjii.ad where to? whither? 

aar^jinsaM-b va to entangle, mix up; to 
clog; — ce vpr to be entangled, mixed 
up; to get clogged; — hc « entangling, 
mixing up (of twine, etc); — nen-b ppp. 

aarHHaaMi. vn to perish, die, be done 
for; Toit — na npH oiHnqeHCKaTa 
6HTKa, he perished at the battle of 
Shipka; —he MjiaAt-aejieH-b, he died 
in his prime; noMOiub -— nax-b, help, 
I am done for ! — ne n perishing; per- 
dition, destruction; —Htui-b ppp perished, 
lost, undone, ruined. 

aarji^BeHi} a riveted, clinched, spiked. 

aarjidBHe n title (of a book); heading, 
head-line (of an article), head; subject, 
title-page; — ecHt a title (page), head 
(piece), of title, of heading. 

aarjidiKAaM'b va to smooth, smooth up, 
over, make smooth; to level, make level; 
to rivet, clench, spike; — a^tc ro Maji- 



Ko, smooth it over a little; — AHXMe 
paGorara, we smoothed over, settled, 
adjusted the affair; — ce vpr to 
be smoothed, smoothed up or over; to 
be clenched, spiked (of a bolt); — ne n 
smoothing up or over; adjusting, even- 
ing up, settling up {of a question); — 
ACHT, ppp. 

aarjiCABaM-b — rji^aysaM-b va to fix 
one's eyes on (an object), look steadily 
at a thing), stare at; to see distinctly, 
make out, catch sight of; — ce vpr to 
look steadily on or upon; to stare at, 
gape; rofl ce e — fla;n> bt. KaprHua- 
ra, he has fallen into contemplating 
the picture; crnra ere ce — Ba;iH, 
don't be staring (at things) any more! 
you have been gazing long enough 1 
don't be gaping! — ne n looking stead- 
ily on, upon; staring; catching sight of 
(a thing). 

aarjiyui^aaM-b va to deafen, deaden, 
drown (a sound); to stifle (one's con- 
science); — ce vpr to be deafened, dead- 
ened, drowned; rjiacbTi. My ce — 
mH OT-b TonoBHHT-fe r-hfMeHiH, his 
voice was deafened or drowned by the 
roar of the cannons; — ne n deafening; 
— uieH-b ppp deafened, drowned; stu- 
pefied; — lUMxejieH-b a deafening (shout, 
noise, etc), deadening; stifling. 

3arji'bx(Hy)BaM'b vn to be choked, deaf- 
ened, stifled (of a sound); to cease, 
become still; to wither (of flowers, etc); 
to become desolate, dismal; KiKiJuaTa 
HM-b e — Hajia, their house is desolate or 
deserted; — na^iit ppp deafened, choked; 
stifled; a isolated, dismal, deserted. 

adrua v aarHqaMi.; — h^tc ce, run! 
make a run (after)! 

aarHHsaM-b vn to rot, begin rotting, be- 
come rotten, putrid; to become mellow 
(of pears, etc) — ne n rotting, getting 
rotten; — Hiijii. ppp commenced to rot; 
rotten; become mellow (of fruit). 

3arH6<tBaMi>, — ^BaM-b» — ^caaMi) vn to 
suppurate, gather pus, fester; to form 
into a head (of a boil); — ne n sup- 
purating, festering, suppuration; gangrene; 
— ^HT. ppp suppurated; gangrenedf. 

aarniaAHM-b va to enchase, set, lodge, 
stick in, into; — ce vpr to be enchased, 
lodged, set in; to nestle; to settle (in 
a place); KypuiyMi.T'b ce — ahjit* bt. 
KOK-bJia, the bullet had lodged itself in 



saroBapiiM-b 



131 



sarpHiKBaMit 



the bone; — ue n enchasing, lodging, 
setting; — ;ieH'b ppp enchased, lodged 
in, set, nestled. 

aaroB^pflM-b va to plot, conspire, be 
plotting against (a person); — ce 
vpr to plot, conspire, league together 
(against); — hc n plotting, conspiring; 
conspiration; — sopeHi. ppp. 

3^roBop-b m plot, conspiracy; npassi —, 
to plot, conspire against; — hhki> m 
conspirator, plotter, conspirer. 

saroBdptiM'b va vn to commence talking 
or speaking; -wcTHHaTa pano hjih kaic- 
Ho me — pH, truth will ever come to 
light; caMo HCKa toH — pu no toa 
Bi>npoci>, only let him open his mouth 
on that question! a'^tcto — phao, the 
boy has commenced to talk, has reco- 
vered his speech. 

saroBisaM-b vn to eat flesh, feast (on 
the evt of fasting); — hc n feasting 
(before fasting); — B-fesHH — B-feHKii pi 
last days before feasting; — B-feji-b ppp 
commenced fasting. 

3ar6jiBaM-b va to uncover, bare, lay 
naked, expose (one's legs, etc); — ce vpr 
to uncover, bare, lay bare or expose 
one's body; — hc n uncovering, baring, 
laying bare, exposing; — jicH-b ppp un- 
covered, with one's body laid bare or 
exposed; half-naked or exposed. 

saroa-bM^BaM-b vn to grow or become 
bigger or larger; to become proud. 

3ar6HBaM-b va to start up running, urge 
forward, rush forward, drive on; to 
pursue; — hc n starting up running, 
driving up, on or forward; pursuing; — 
HCH-b ppp. 

sardpBaM'b v aarapnMi*. 

sarop/cfeBaM'b ce v s-baropAtBaM-b ce. 

3ar6pHe « highland; — peui. mhighland- 
er, mountaineer; — ckh a highland, of 
highland. 

aaropi^saiMb vn to taste bitter; — mh 
imp V it tastes bitter to me. 

aaropisaiH-b vn to burn, be burnt {of 
food); to be scorched; — hc n burning; 
scorching; — p-feji-b ppp burnt (food); 
scorched; a blear (eyes). 

sarpdSsaM'b va to grab, seize, take by 
force, take away; to appropriate, usurp; 
to rob, plunder; rofl ro — 6h sa p;K.- 
Kara, he grabbed or seized him by the 



hand; — SHjib MyescnqKHSi HMOT'b,he 

has robbed him of his entire property; 
— ce vpr to be grabbed, taken away; 
to be robbed; to be usurped; — hc n 
grabbing; taking away; robbing, plunder- 
ing; plunder, usurpation; — oeHb ppp 
grabbed; taken away; appropriated, 
usurped. 

3arpd6qBaM'b v Brpa6qBaM'b. 

aarp^Aa / enclosure, fence; boarded par- 
tition. 

3arpdAeH-b ppp fenced, surrounded with 
a fence; surrounded, encircled, hemmed 
in, cornered; MtcroTO e — ho ct. ct*- 
HH, the place or lot is walled or 
surrounded with walls, enclosed with 
walls; HenpHflTe;ibT'b Chac — OT'b 
BcfeK^At, the enemy was surrounded 
or cornered on all sides. 

3arpd>KAaM-b va to enclose, fence, enclose 
or surround with a fence or wall; to 
bar, barricade, shut in, shut up, corner 
(an enemy); to stop up, block up (one's 
entrance or way); — HHBara ch, to 
fence, or enclose one's field with a 
fence; T-fe — Awxa HenpHHTejiH, they 
shut up, cornered, surrounded the en- 
emy; roll MH — AH HAwTH, he blocked 
my way; — ce vpr to be fenced, enclosed 
with a fence; to be sui rounded, shut 
up, cornered; to be blocked up; to fence, 
block or barricade oneself (against an 
attack); — hc n fencing, enclosing with 
a fence or a wall; surrounding, corner- 
ing, hemming in; blocking up, barri- 
cading; — ACHT. ppp; — AHJii} app. 

3arpaHiiqeHi> a beyond the frontiers or 
borders, foreign (travel). 

aarp^qsaMb va to begin to croak, caw; to 
commence croaking, cawing; rapsaHH- 
T-fe c«. — qe^H, the ravens have com- 
menced cawing, are cawing. 

aarp£6BaM-b, — rpH6aMi> va to scoop 
up, lade, scoop out; to ladle, dip, draw 
(water); to rake up, rake together; to 
begin paddling (with oars); to seize, 
snatch; — 6^x6 mh MajiKO BOAa, draw 
me a little water; — ce vpr to be 
scooped up, ladled, drawn; —He n scoop- 
ing, ladling (soup, etc), dipping, draw- 
ing (water); — rp^6aH-b ppp. 

aarpiiwBaM-b va to cause anxiety, fill 
with apprehension; — ce vpr to be 
anxious, be filled with anxiety or ap- 
prehension; to worry or fret over; to 



sarpHXceHib 



182 



saAaBsm-b 



take care of, be mindful of, attend to; 
Toi Me — aa, be fills me with anxiety 
(about his future, etc); same CTe ce 
TOJiKosa — iKHjiH 3a Hero, what are 
you* worrying about him so much for? 
TOfl e MHoro — >KeHb, he is worried a 
gre^t deal, he thinks a good deal (about 
a thing); he is filled with a great anxiety 
or apprehension; — ue n care, solicitude, 
anxiety; worry; apprehension. 

aarpHMccH-b a anxious, solicitous, uneasy, 
worried, troubled; sad, melancholy; bhc 
■arjiexcAare MHoro — , you look very* 
sad or worried; MHoro cbM-b — aa 
6AAeuieTO ch, I am a great deal wor- 
ried about my future; —ho n anxious- 
ly, solicitously; sadly, sad; — HOCTb / 
anxiety, care^ solicitude, worry, uneasi- 
ness; sadness. 

sarpriasaM-b va to nibble, begin biting; 
to nip or bite off; to make a hole by 
biting; — aan-b ppp nibbled. 

3arpo3^BaM-b va to make ugly or uglier, 
to mar, spoil, make look worse; — ce 
vpr to be made uglier, be made to look 
worse; —He n making uglier, marring, 
spoiling, making worse. 

3arpy6ABaMb vn to harden, become 
rough, coarse; to become churlish, boor- 
ish; —He n hardening, growing rough, 
coarse; ^Stjib ppp h a hardened, grown 
rough, coarse; coarse, blunted (senses), 
gross (minded), rude (person). 

sarpyxTiiBaM-b vn to begin to grunt, com- 
mence igrunting (of pigs). 

aarp-iiuBM-b (-rtpua) va to wrap up, 
muffle, cover (oneself) up; to shut (a 
book) up; to clasp, flap (a coat) over; — 
ce vpr to be wrapped, muffled, covered 
up; — H^re ce, wrap or muffle yourself 
up; — He n wrapping, muffling, shutting 
up (a book); — ripnarb ppp muffled, 
wrapped, covered up; shut up. 

sarp^BBMb va to heat, warm up (food, 
etc); — ce vpr to warm, warm oneself, 
be warmed, get warm; to be warmed, 
heated; —He n warming, heating; — 
ea-b, — T-b ppp warmed up, heated up, 

sarpiiABaM-b va to cover up (one's chest), 
wrap or muffle up; — ce vpr to cover 
one's chest, wrap oneself up. 

aAryCa / loss; ci. — , at a loss; with loss 
or under pain of; npoAaaaM-b cb — , 
to sell at a loss; — na aptMe, loss 
of time; noHHcaM'b — » to suffer loss, 



meet with a loss; neiajiGH m 3ary6H» 

gains (or profits) and losses. 

saryGBBM'b va to lose (money, etc); to 
mislay (a thing); — ch naiTa, to lose 
one's way, go astray, err; — 6hxt> ch 
o<iHJiaTa, I lost my eyeglasses; — ce 
vpr to lose oneself, be lost; KUHrara 
MH ce e — 6HAa, I have lost my book 
I have mislaid my book; ne Atitre ce 
— Gaa OTi. Hacb, don't go away from 
us; —He n losing; — 6eH-b ppp lost; 
mislaid; undone; a lost (sheep , stray 
(animal). 

saryKBaM-b vn to commence cooing, 
begin to coo; r'bjiJR.GHT'b c;k. — KaJiH, 
the pigeons are cooing. 

aar'bHBaM'b va to turn up, turn over or 
down; to wrap (oneself) up; to press 
on, corner (an enemy); — ce vpr to be 
turned up or over; to wrap or cover 
oneself; to be pressed; — ne n turning 
(a nail) up or over, bending; wrapping; 
— nari* ppp turned or twisted up or 
round; rolled up, wrapped up;hardpressed. 

aarbjiq^BBM-b vn to commence talking, 
gossiping, murmuring; rt ca ce — qe- 
JIH, they are busily engaged chatting. 

sar-bpHflsaM-b vn to commence thunder- 
ing; to begin or start firing (guns); 
TonoBeT% — 'M-bxa, the cannons began 
thundering or roaring; —Mt ce,it thun- 
dered, it is thundering; rt — M-fexa 
cpemy HenpHHrejia, they commenced 
firing at the enemy; uio ere — 
MtjiH raKHsa, what are you making all 
this noise for? 

sar-bpuiaMi* v 3arpi>tiiaM'b; — H^re ce, 
wrap up, muffle yourself up, cover 
yourself up. 

aar^KBaMi* v sanjiHraM-b, aaeKBaMi*. 

3a Aa conj in order that, that; — He, lest. 

aaA^BBM-b va to give; — Bbnpocb, to 
propose, advance a question, state a 
question; — pafiora, to give work, set 
one a task; — aAose, to worry, vex, 
irritate, give trouble; — ce vpr to be 
given; to show up, appear (at a 
distance); T-bMCH-b oSjiaKb ce — aa, a 
dark cloud is showing itself; — ne n 
giving (a lesson), setting (a task), propos- 
ing (a question); — acht. ppp given, 
set, proposed, advanced; — Ka/ problem. 

aaA^BflM-b va to choke, smother, stifle, 
suffocate; KamjiHuara Me — sa, my 
cough is choking me; — ce vpr to be 



saAajTb 



133 



3aAOBOAHrejieHi> 



choked, suffocated, stifled; ome MajiKO 
mtxi) Aa ce — ba cb eAHHi* KOK-bvii*, 

I came pretty nearly choking myself 
with a bone; —He n choking, suffocat* 
ing, smothering, stifling; suffocation; 
— BeHi> ppp choked, suffocated; chok- 
ing. 

saAftJii* cipp V sBAaBaM-b. 

saA^ia / problem {math); task; purpose, 
aim; m onra — t, my aim is, my pur- 
pose is. 

saA^T-bK-b m earnest, earnest-money, 
God's penny. 

3aArp66eH-b a after the grave, after death, 
future; — iKHBOT'b, life beyond the 
grave; — cBtr-b, the world to come. 

3aAe6e;iflBaM'b vn to grow fat, put on 
flesh, become stout, fleshy; to harden, 
become callous (of Ihe skin etc); —He n 
fatness; callousness. 

a^AeH-b a back, hind, rear; — KpaKi*, 
hind leg; — na craa, backroom; — 
({)jiaHr-b, rear (of an army); — aa mh- 
cbjii*, secret thought, bad intention; — 
HO qncjio, post-date, back-date. 

3aA>K^BKBaM'b vn to begin yelping; Ky- 
qero — Ka, the dog commenced to yelp 
or yelping. 

3aAHraMi> va to take or carry away, bear 
off, away; — naxa my bchiko mo HMa- 
uie, they took away everything he 
had; — ce vpr to be taken, carried 
or borne away, off, along; — ne n tak- 
ing, carrying away, off; — nar-b ppp 
taken or carried away or off; abducted. 

saAHMflsaMb va to besmoke, to cover 
with smoke, fill- with smoke; — MHJi-b 
e utjiara Kinma, he has filled the 
whole house with smoke; — ce vpr 
to be besmoked, covered or filled with 
s^raoke, be besmoked; to give forth smoke, 
to puff; — MHJiocee, it is full of smoke; 
—He n besmoking, filling with smoke; 
— AHMCH'b ppp filled with smoke, smo- 
ky; smoking; full of smoke. 

saAHpaM-b va to commence tearing, rend- 
ing, ripping; to commence scratching; 
to tease, fret, provoke (a person); ne Attt- 
xe ro —pa, don't bother him, don't 
provoke or tease him; — ce vpr to be 
torn, rent; to tease, provoke, pick a 
quarrel with; roll ce mhofo —pa he 
is a very quarrelsome fellow; — ne n 
provoking, teasing, fretting; provocation, 
aggression. 



saAHpjiHB-b a provoking, quarrelsome; 
— BocTb / quarrelsome spirit, aggres- 
siveness. 

aaAHpaM-b va to commence looking for 
(a thing), searching; to begin chasing, 
pursuing. 

saAHmBaMi) va to commence breathing, 
j begin to breathe; — ce vpr to breathe 
quick, be out of breath, be short of 
breath, lose one's breath; to pant. 

aaAKyjiHcen-b a secret, hidden; — na ■■- 
rpHra, green-room intrigue. 

saAJi-biKiBaM-b v saA'bJiiKaBaM-b. 

saAJi'b^H^BaM'b vn to get into debt, run 
into debt, contract or incur debts; rofl 
e — H-bji-b AO ryuia, he is heavily in 
debt, he has gone deeply into debt; — H* 
n getting or running into debt; in- 
debtedness. 

3aAMHH6BaM'b va to outstrip, leave be- 
hind, outgo; to surpass, outdo, excel, 
outshine; nocjitAHHtiT-b KOHb— naApy- 
THT-b, the last horse outstriped the rest; 
roll — Ba BCH^KH Bi> KJiaca ch, he is 
the head-boy of his class, he excels ail 
of his classmen; — a-b TH>iaHe» to out- 
run; — B-b esAeae, to outride; — bi* 
Kpacora, to outshine in beauty, excel 
in beauty; — ce vpr to be outstripped, 
left behind, outdone; to be excelled, 
surpassed; — ne n outstripping, leav- 
ing behind, outdoing; surpassing, excel- 
ling; — TT. ppp outstripped, outdone; 
excelled, surpassed; beaten (in a race, 
in beauty, etc). 

aaAMdpcKH a transmarine. 

saAUHKi* m bottom, rump; behind; — i^a 
/ back-part, stern, breech; rear. 

3aAHHmK5M'b, — K&ra ad backwards, 
with the back first. 

3aAo6pyBaMb vn to prosper, enjoy pros- 
perity, live happy. 

3aAo6p»BaM-b V cAo6pflBaMb. 

saAOBdjieu'b a content, contented, satis- 
fied, pleased, well-pleased; — Hovbtck, 
contented man; — ott. K^mara ch, 
pleased with his house; — ott. ce6e 
ch, satisfied with himself; — hhsti* bh- 
Harn HMa hsoChjiho, the contented 
man has always enough; HMa npHqana 
Aa 6iR.Ae — , he has cause to be satis- 
fied; — cTBHe, — CTBO «: contentment, 
contentedness, satisfaction. 

saAOBOJiHTeJien-b a satisfactory, suffi- 
cient; —HO a satisfactorily, good enough*. 



3aAOBo;iiiBaMi> 



134 



saAixntfaBaMi. 



TOBa e —HO, that is satisfactory; that 
will do. 

3aAOBOJi^BaMi> va to satisfy, gratify, 
appease, allay, satiate; to please; hhiuo 
He MONte Aa ro —jim, nothing pleases 
him, he is not satisfied with anything, 
he is hard to please; — crpacTHrt ch, 
to gratify one's passions; — JKajKaara 
CH, to allay, satiate one's thirst; xofl 
ce — Ba CT. ryfl, he is contented with 
this; he is pleased with this; Tosa He 
Me — Ba, that doesn't please or satisfy 
me; — ce vpr to be satisfied, gratified, 
appeased, allayed; to be pleased; to 
be content, contented; to satisfy oneself; 
to please oneself; — sa ce cb MajiKo, 
he is content, satisfied or pleased with 
little; —He n satisfying, pleasing; gra- 
tifying, appeasing; satiating; satisfaction, 
gratification; satiety. 

saAOMMBaM-b va to marry; — ce vpr to 
be married, get married, start a home; 
Tofl ce e — a6mhjii>, he has got married; 
— He « marrying; marriage; — A6MeHT> 
a married. 

3aA6qeH-b a, —ho ad by default (law); 
— HO p-bnieHHe, judgment by default. 

aaAOHsaM-b va to begin milking (a cow, 
etc); to give to suck; —He n giving 
(a calf, etc) to suck. 

aaAP^CKBaM-b va to scratch off, cross; 
to cancel, erase, blot out; — ce vpr to 
be scratched off, crossed off, blot out; ^ 
He n scratching off; — ht> ppp scratched; 
covered with scratches; marred. 

a^Apyra / working-gang, mess, company. 

3aAP3^}KeH-b a united, joint, combined, 
mutual; harmonious (singing); gregaiious; 
compact; — xpyAi*. joint labo(u;r; mu- 
tual effort; —ho a jointly, together, 
in common; in concord, friendly; pa6o- 
THM-b —ho, we work together in com- 
mon, jointly; WHBteMi> —ho, we live 
together; we live in Iriendship or con- 
cord; — HOCTb / united efforts, mutua- 
lity; amity, good understanding. 

saAPycBaMi., — KaM-b va vn to begin to 
shake, jog, jolt (a waggon, etc); to be- 
gin dandling (a child); — ce vpr to be- 
gin to shake, jolt, jog; to shiver, shake 
all over; to commence, take to dancing; 
—He n shaking, jolting; — can-b ppp. 

aaAP'iHKsaM'b va vn to begin to ring 
(a bell), clink, clank, clash (a sword), 
clap, clatter; to commence thrumming. 



tinkling; KaKBo ere — KajiH raKHaa, 

what are you making all this noise for? 

aaAP'bCTHM'b va to clog, stop, block up, 
entangle; — ce vpr to clog, get clogged 
{of a machine) —He n clogging; — cren-b 
ppp clogged. 

aaApiiHsaM-b vn to begin to drowse, 
slumber, doze, nod over (one's work, 
etc), Tofl e — Maji-b, he is slumbering, 
has fallen asleep; — Majio mh ce e, 1 
feel sleepy; — ne n slumbering, falling 
asleep (on duty); slumber; drowsiness. 

saAyMsaM-b va to engage (a person) in 
conversation, make (one) talk. 

aaAyxBaMit va to commence blowing; — 
Ba no majiKO, there is a slight wind. 

s^Ayxi* m close-air, suffocating heat; 
short breath, asthma (med). 

aaAyuieaM-b va to choke, smother, suffocate 
stille; — ce vpr to be choked, smoth- 
ered, suffocated; to be oppressed, have 
an oppressed feeling; to choke, smother, 
suffocate oneself; acTmara Me — aa, the 
asthma is choking me; AtTero 6HAe — 
uieuo noAi* AP'bxHT%, the child was 
smothered in his clothes; —He n chok- 
ing, smothering, suffocating; suffocation; 
— uien-b ppp; suffocated; a close (air), hot, 
suffocating, sultry (weather); potted (beef, 
etc); musty (room); mhofo e — uicho 
TyKa, it is very close here; — uiHre- 
jieH-b a choking, stifling, suffocating 
(atmosphere). 

saAyui^Beu-b a hearty, cordial. 

aaAyuijiHB'b a close, suffocating; musty, 
fusty; — Bocrb / closeness, suffocating 
heat; musty smell, mustiness. 

aaAyuiHHua / mass for the dead; All 
Soul's Day. 

aaAi* prep back, behind, back of; — 
KA.maTa, back of the house, behind 
the house; — rpanHua. beyond the 
frontier; abroad; toH ce Kpne — we- 
ne, he is hiding behind me. 

aaAb^ABa imp v it rains, is raining a 
little, there is a little rain. 

aaAi>Ji6^BaM-b va to commence to deepen 
by hewing; to commence to eat in, 
gnaw; to deepen, make deeper, to sink, 
sink deeper, stick into; Kyqero e utjib 
ACHb — jio Bparara, the dog has been 
biting at the door the whole day long; 
Tt — xa jioAKara bt. n-fecbKa, they 
stuck the boat in the sand; — ce vpr 
to sink, sink down, get sunk; to stick, 



3za>n6oHah^M-h 



135 



siAteaM-b 



get stuck (in the inud, etc); —no ce e 
MHoro Ai>-n6oKO, it has suak too deep; 
gone too far In; —He n sinkiag, sticking; 
— HT. ppp sunk, stuck; v aaA-bJiOo- 
qasaM-b. 

3«A'bJi<}oqdBaM-b va to put in deep, sink 
deep or deeper; to stick deep into; — 
ce vpr to go deep or deeper, sink deep, 
stick, get stuck into; to give oneself 
up to, bury oneself; — ce bt> mhcjih, 
to bury oneself, be absorbed in thought, 
give oneself up to meditation; —He n 
sinking deep; going deep; losing (oneself 
in thought); — q^m. ppp sunk deep, 
stuck d&epiof a ship), wrapped up, given 
up to (meditation). 

3aA'bJi>K^BaM'b va to bind by an obliga- 
tion or duty, oblige, engage, obligate, 
put under obligation; to favo(u)r, do a 
favo(u)r, accommodate; to ask, request; 
MHOro me —re, I am greatly indebted 
to you; MHoro we iwe — jkhtc, you 
will oblige me very much; toM Me — aa 
Aa MHHa H3-b Co(})Hfl, he asks me to 
pass via Sofia; — ce vpr to promise, 
pledge one's word, put oneself under 
obligation, bind oneself (by oath); — ce 
Aa aanjiaxfl, I promise to pay; Bwe He 
ce —re, you are not obliged, you are 
under no obligation; rofl ce e — jkhjit. 
Aa cTopH Tosa, he has promised to 
do this; —He n binding by an obliga- 
tion or duty, obliging, putting under an 
obligation; — ^^H-b ppp duty-bound, 
obliged, under obligation. 

aaA'b'fliK^HHe n obligation, obligement, 
duty, promise, pledge; favo(u)r; debt; en- 
gagement; OHCMeno — , written promise; 
nassi cboht% -a, to keep one's engage- 
ments; HtiMaM-b HHKaKBH — H, 1 am 
under obligation to no one; I owe no- 
body; tipaBa H — H, rights and duties; 
Hsn-bjiHHBaM-b cBOHT-b — si« to fulfil 
one's duties. 

saA'bJi^K^H'b a obliged, under obligation, 
duty-bound; requested, asked; mhofo 
Bh cT.M'b — , I am very much obliged 
to you; — Cbiwb a* Bh hbs, I am 
obliged to tell you, requested to let you 
know of. 

saA'bJi^HTefleH'b a obligatory, compulsory; 
binding; — aaoHCb, promissory note; 
—Ha cjiy}K6a, obligatory service; —ho 
ad obligatorily; — HOCTb / binding force 
or power; obligation, compulsion; —ho 



o6pa30BaHHe, compulsory education. 

aaAi-JiwHABaMT. v 3aAJi'b>KHiiBaM'b. 

saA'bHBaM'bz/a to put a bottom to (a barrel, 
etc), head (a cask); to stop or calk (a 
hole); — ce vpr to be fitted with a 
bottom; to be stopped, calked; — ne n 
putting a bottom; calking, stopping (a 
hole); — Hen-b ppp. 

3aA'^p>KaM-b va to retain; to hold up, 
back, keep back; to detain, keep back 
from, stop, stay; to hinder, prevent, 
check; to withhold; to keep close to; 
to support, maintain; to keep in cus- 
tody, arrest; — kohb, to stop, keep a 
horse in check; — HenpHaTejm, to 
hold the enemy in check, keep off the 
enemy; — bt. p;«.KaTa ch, to retain 
in one's hand; — HtKoro y AOMa ch, to 
detain one home; Aa ne Bh — , am I 
detaining you? I hope I am not hinder- 
ing you; — A''i'>»>KHHK'b, to secure a 
debtor; toH 6HAe — ht., he was de- 
tained; he was held in custody; — ce 
vpr to be retained; to be held up, 
back, kept back; to be detained, stopped; 
to hold up, retain one's hold, keep from 
falling; to support, maintain oneself; to 
keep or hold oneself close to; to stick, 
adhere, cling to; to be arrested, kept 
in custody; eAsaM-b ce — wax-b Aa He 
naAHa, I came pretty nearly falling 
down; napara ce M;R.qHO — Hca, money 
is hard to keep; ne Mowe Aa ce — 
)KH Ha eAHO M-fecTO, he cant stay or 
remain long in one place; —He n 
retaining; holding up or back, keeping 
back; detaining, stopping, staying; check- 
ing, preventing; clinging; keeping in 
custody; supporting, maintaining; re- 
tention; detention; — ht. ppp retained; 
kept back, held up or back, detained, 
stopped; held in custody. 

3aA'bXBaM'b ce vpr to be out of breath, 
feel short of breath, breathe fast, pant; 
BHiKxe ro KaK-b ce e — xajn», look at 
him panting; — ne n panting, short- 
ness of breath. 

33irn.t ad where, where to,? whither? 
to what place? — oTHBare, where are 
you going to? where are you bound 
for ? —TO h Aa e, to any place, no 
matter where tJ. 

3aAiBaM-b va to tease, provoke, vex, an- 
noy, trouble, pick a quarrel with; ne 



saAtayBaM-b 



13S 



ro — Baftre, don't bother him, don't 
annoy or disturb him; — ce vpr to be 
bothered, troubled, disturbed; MHOro ce 
— Ba, he is a troublesome fellow; — ae 
n bothering, annoying, disturbing; an- 
noyance, trouble; —Ka / bother, an- 
noyance, trouble; v aaAtHyBaiM-b. 

aaA^HyBaM-b va, — ce vpr to strap (a 
child, etc) on one's back; — ne n strap- 
ping on the back; — Harbppp strapped 
on the back. 

aaA^Ka v sarAt. 

saA'^To conj because, for, for the reason 
that; HaKasaH-b 6Hni» — saicbCHt^i-b, 
he had t)een punished for being late, 
because he had come late; — h Aa 6h- 
;io ad no matter where to, to any 
place whatever; any where. 

saA^iaaM-b va to ordain, consecrate 
deacon; — ce vpr to be ordained 
deacon. 

3<leAHO ad together, in company; at 
once; rt xoAflrb --, they go together, 
they keep company together. 

saeAuimi. ad for once. 

sa^MsaMi* ce vpr to bristle up, raise 
one's bristles; to look severe, look 
askance. 

3a6K(Hy)BaM-b vn to stutter, stammer, 
be tongue-tied; — hc n stuttering, stam- 
mering; stutter; — a^q-b m stutterer, 
stammerer. 

saeKJiHB-b a stuttering, stammering; — 
BO a — ly; — BocTb / impediment of 
speech, stuttering, 

s^eicb m rabbit, hare, lepus; mjk.>kkh — , 
jack-rabbit; iKencKH — , hare; — euiKH 
■— ilHH a hare (foot), hare's, rabbit's, of 
a hare or rabbit, leporine; — flq^/i dim 
leveret, parr. 

3a6MaM-b va to take, take up, occupy (a 
place); to borrow, lend (money, etc)\ 
— exT. CH MtcTOTO, I took my seat or 
place; — ^xi. my cto Jieaa, I lent him 
a hundred franks; —€x-b th ott. Hero, 
1 borrowed them of him; saifM^Te mh, 
lend me, loan me; — ce vpr to be ta- 
ken, occupied; to be borrowed; to be 
lent, loaned; — hc n taking, occupying 
(a position); borrowing; lending, loan- 
ing; — iTb ppp taken, occupied (seat); 
borrowed (sum), loaned (book); a busy 
(person), engaged, occupied; MHoro 
ci>M-b — CTT., I am very bu^y, very 



much occupied. 

saeMOA^Beu'b m creditor; lender, debtee. 

aa^MCTByBaiMi. va to borrow; to plagi- 
arise (-rize); — ne n borrowing; plagiaris- 
ing; plagiarism. 

s^eM-b m loan; advance-money, borrow- 
ing; A'bpJKaseH-b — , state-loan; ab- 
BBM-b Ha — -, to lend, loan (money, etc); 
BseMaiH-b na — , to bofrow; — Men-b a 
loan (bank), of loan; borrowed (sum). 

aaiT-b ppp occupied, taken; a busy, enga- 
ged; V aaeiMaM-b. 

aaexT^BaM-b vn to commence to echo, 
resound, reverberate; ropara e — rtjia, 
the forest is resounding; — ne n resound- 
ing; reverberation. 

sa^UBaAfb va to swing, give a swing; — 
ce vpr to swing, vacillate; to swing 
one's body (in wallcing); —He n swing- 
ing; vacillation. 

3a>KeAHdBaMi> vn to get thirsty, be thirsty, 
feel thirsty; to thirst after, for (water, 
etc); — H-feji-b e ab bhah Gpara ch, he 
is dying to see his brother; — ntjiH 
CMe 3a HayKB, we are thirsting for 
knowledge or education; —He n thirst- 
ing after or for. 

saMC^HBaiM-b (-Ha) va to commence mar- 
rying (one's sons, etc); — ce vpr to 
commence marrying, getting married; 
xopara ex. ce — hhjih, people are get- 
ting married. 

3a}KHB4BaM'b vn to commence or begin 
to live (a new life ; — B-fejii. ppp. 

aaiKyjiflM-b va to rub against, bruise; to 
graze; — ce vpr to be rubbed against; 
to rub oneself against, bruise oneself; 
to be grazed (by a bullet, etc/, — Jiem. 
ppp rubbed against; bruised, grazed, 

saiKyiMtBaM'b vn to commence winking, 
blinking, twinkling. 

3a)K'bHBaM-b va to commence harvesting, 
reaping, cropping; — ce vpr to be har- 
vested; — He n harvesting, reaping; — 
HatT. ppp. 

3a3ByqBaM-b vn to commence sounding; 
KypmyMHT-b 6txa — qe;iH, the bullets 
were whizzing around. 

3a3B-bH^BaM-b vn to commence ringing; 
HH ce imp V there is a ringing, some 
one rang the beel(at the door). 

3a3B'bHTHBaM-b vn to commence to ring, 
tinkle, clank; ca6;iHTt — T*xa, the 
swords began to clash. 



sasApaBaBaM-b 



137 



saKapaaRfb 



aasApaBHBaMi. vn to heal up, close, cicatrise 
(•trize) {of a wound); paaaTa e — B'fejia, 
the wound is healed up; — hc n heal- 
ing up, closing, skinning over; cicatri- 
sation(-zation); — Btjii> ppp healed up; 
V sasApaBflM-b. 

aasAp^BsiM'b va to strengthen, consoli- 
date, make sure; — ce vpr io be strength- 
ened, consolidated; —He « strengthen- 
ing, consolidating; — bchi. ppp strength- 
ened, consolidated; v sasApaBHBaM-b. 

saaejieH^BaM-b va to become or turn 
green; jinsaAHTt c;R.—HtjiH, the mea- 
dows have turned green, are looking 
green. 

sasHHCAaM-b (-3HAa) va to immure, wall in; 
— ce vpr to be immured; —He n im- 
muring; — Aan-b ppp immured. 

aasHMflsa imp v it is getting winter; it 
is getting cold; — mh, I am getting 
cold, I feel cold. 

aasffpaM-b ce vpr to stare at, look fix- 
edly at (a thing). 

aasopaaa ce imp v it grows light, it 
dawns, it is daylight, it is morning; — 
pHJio ce e> it is already broad day- 
light; —He n day-break, break of day, 
dawn, morning twilight. 

3a3y6pHM-b vn to commence studying 
hard, begin grinding {fig)- 

saa-feaaM-b, — sinBaMb vn to commence 
opening one's mouth, yawning, gaping; 
BCHMKH 6-kxa — naAH B-b Hero, all of 
them were gaping at him or staring at 
him. 

3a3A6BaM-b V Ha3AL6BaMb. 

3a3;R.6Hua / lanipas, fistula (in the gums 
of a horse); lock-jaw {med). 

sanrpdaaM-b vn to commence playing (a 
game), begin to dance; — ce vpr to 
give oneself to playing, play long; to 
be dancing. 

aaHABaM-b vn to commence coming, be- 
gin to come; to go down, set {of the 
sun); CJi-bHuero aaHjii, the sun went 
down, is set; OTAaaHa ex. aaHmjiH, 
HO FH H-bMa, they are long coming, 
but are not here yet; v saxo^KAaMi. 

saHMaMb (sdflMa) va to lend; to borrow; 
aaHM^re mh, lend me; 3aflMdx-b orb 
Hero 3a Aa Bh njiar^, I borrowed 
of him in order to pay you; — ce 
vpr to be lent, loaned; to be borrowed; 
—He n lending, loaning (to a person); 
borrowing (of a person); — Mdib m 



lender; v aaeMBMb. 

saHHaT^aaMb ce vpr to show stubbor- 
ness, self-will or obstinacy, make up one's 
mind to resist or fight it out; h abb- 
Mara ex. ce — tIijih, both of them are 
equally stubborn or obstinate; — thah 
ce CM. Aa He AOxoxcAan, they have 
vowed not to come. 

aaRHTepecyaaMb va to interest; to draw 
one's attention to; — ce vpr to interest 
oneself, take interest (in one); to be 
interested, have one's curiosity excited; 
MHoro ex. ce — aajiH aa aero, they 
are taking a great interest in him; hhc 
CMe — BaHH B-b Ta3H pa6oTa, we have 
an interest in that affair; — ne n in- 
teresting; interest; — ht. ppp interested; 
having an interest in. 

3aHCKaMb vn to beg, ask, solicit, mani- 
fest a desire (for a thing); — Kajib e 
HOBH ApexH, he has been begging for 
a new suit of clothes. 

3aflqdpb m rabbit-hunter (man or dog). 

aaflq^, — q^Hue n dim leveret, parr. 

adflqH a v 3aemKH. 

3aKaA^BaMb vn to commence smoking; 
va to besmoke, blacken with smoke; to 
besmut; CTanra ce e — ahab, the room 
is filled with smoke. 

3aKd3BaMb va vn to commence telling 
(a story, etc). 

aaK^jiMM-b V aaKOJiBaM-b. 

3aK6;iHMb va to temper (metals); — ce 
vpr to be tempered; to inure oneself, 
get inured; — ne n tempering; — aen-b 
ppp tempered; inured, tried, used (to 
hardships). 

saK^HBaM'b va to beg, ask, entreat (re- 
peatedly). 

saK^HBaMb ce vpr to threaten, menace, 
intimidate; — ea My ce ro yCne, he is 
threatening to kill him, he vows to 
kill him or murder him; — ne n, — Kaaa 
/ threat, menace, intimidation. 

3aKaHHTeaeH'b a threatening, menacing 
(language); —ho ad — ly, with threats. 

3aKipBaM-b va to drive in, into, lead, 
drive (cattle, etc) away, off; to bring, 
convey, carry, take to; — Bb orpa- 
Aa, to drive (cattle, etc) into an en- 
closure; — Ha nania, to take to pas- 
ture; 6HAe — pan-b Bb yqacrbxa, he 
was lead, brought or taken to the po- 
lice station; — pafire cTOKara a-b Ma- 
raanna, carry the goods to the store; — 



3aKapB«Mi> 



188 



saKJieBaM-b 



ce vpr to be driven, in, into; to be 
brought, lead to; to be conveyed; — ne 
n driving, in, into; carrying, bringing, 
conveying; —hi. ppp driven, in, Into; 
carried, brought; taken to. 
saKApaaM-b va to commence scolding (a 

Kerson); — ce vpr to commence scold- 
ig; to begin quarrelling (with each 
other); utjii> Aeub ce cjk — pajiH, they 
have been quarrelling the whole day 
long. 

saicaqAjiKa / peg, clothes-peg, cloak-pin; 
hook, clasp; Typuere ro Ha — ra, hang 
it up on the peg. 

saKdqaM-b va to hang, hang up; to sus- 
pend; to hook, hitch, catch, fasten on; 
to touch, graze; to sound (a person), feel 
of; to vex, bother, pick a quarrel with 
(one); — q^re ch najiTOTo, hang up 
your coat (on the peg); — qn ro na nH- 
poHa, hook it on the nail; iwHoro ro 
— qa, he vexes him or bothers him a 
great deal; hc Atfire ro — qa, don't 
bother him, don't tease him; Kypuiy- 
Mar-b ro caMo — qHA-b, the bullet just 
grazed him; — ce vpr to be hung; to 
be hooked; to hang, suspend oneself; to 
provoke, irritate, pick a quarrel with (a 
person); APexara My ce — qn sa nn- 
poHa, his coat caught on a nail; rofi 
ce MHoro — qa, he is a very quarrel- 
some fellow; — He n hanging; suspend- 
ing (a lamp); hooking, catching; vex- 
ing, provoking; — qen-b ppp hung up, 
suspended; hanging; grazed or touched 
(slightly). 

saK^qKa / hook, crook, peg; tag; hitch, 
dispute, disagreement; matter; pi pegs 
(of a rack), clothes-pegs; ntMaiM-b hh- 
KaKBa — , I have nothing in common 
with (one), I have nothing to do with 
(one); HMaM-b MajiKa — cb Hero, I have 
a small matter to settle with him. 

saKaqjiHB'b a quarrelsome, provoking, 
snappish; —so ad — ly, saucily; — 
BOCTb/ quarrelsomeness, provoking dis- 
position, petulance, sauciness. 

saK^mjiHM-b, — jiioBaM-b vnio commence 
coughing, fall into a coughing fit; ot- 
ABBHa e —jitflb, he has been cough- 
ing for a long time. 

saxB^KaM-b vn to begin quacking or croak- 
ing; KOKomKHT-b ce 6txa — Ka;iH, the 
hens were cackling. 

saKB^caM-b va to leaven (a little); to tint. 



affect, touch; vn to commence curd- 
ling (o/OT///E);—ce vpr to be leavened; 
~He n leavening, putting a little yeast 
In; affecting; — ceu-b ppp leavened (a 
little); affected (with new ideas, etc). 

saKHKOTHBaiM-b cc vpr to commence gig- 
gling. 

saKHnHBaM-b vn to commence to boil 
over, to lerment; — He n boiling over; 
fermenting, fermentation; aoAara e — 
n-fajia, the water is boiling over. 

saKHCBaiMi. va to soak for a while, put 
in soak; vn to sour, be leavened {of 
dough); to remain long in one place 
(fig), KOHom.Tb e OTAasHa — navn., 
the hemp has been soaking a long 
while. 

saKHccAdBaiw-b va to make a little sour, 
make sourish; — ce vpr to be made 
sourish; to become or turn a little sour; 
—He n making or turning sourish; sour- 
ish taste; — jiem. ppp. 

adKHCb m protoxide (chem). 

saKHTsaM-b, — KiiqaaM-b va to stick a 
flower on one*s head, adorn with 
flowers; — ce vpr to stick a flower in 
one's hair or button hole; to adorn 
oneself with flowers; OTAasHa ce ex 
— qHJiH, they have now for a longtime 
been decking themselves with flowers; 
— He n sticldng a flower, adorning with 
flowers; — Tenb, — -qeHb ppp. 

saKAdaaMb v saKOABaMb. 

3aKaiH-h ppp killed, slayed; a killed (ani- 
mals). 

saKA^HflM-b ce vpr to commence bowing 
(in worship). 

saKji^THM-b va to commence shaking or 
tipping ftrees, etc); to make move; to 
rock, swing to and fro; — ce vpr to 
commence moving; to move; to swing 
(in walking); —He n shaking, tipping 
(of a ship), vacillating; — rent ppp. 

saKji^BaM-b va to put under oath, take 
one's oath, administer an oath to one; 
to conjure, adjure, exorcise; to entreat; 
— ce vpr to be put under oath; to 
swear, vow, take an oath; — ce bt. 
qeCTbxa cm, upon my hono(u)r; — kji^xt. 
ce Aa He oha, I swore off drinking; 
Toft ce e — Kjie;!!* Aacn oTM-bCTH, he 
has vowed vengeance; —He n ad- 
ministering an oath (to a person), put- 
ting (soldiers etc) under oath; conjuring; 
swearing; vowing; — KJieri. ppp; a 



saKJieflBaM-b 



139 



saKonaBaM-b 



cursed, dire (enemy). 

saKJi^flsaM-b va to glue up, paste up; — 
ce vpr to be glued or pasted up; to 
get glued up; — ne n gluing, pasting. 

3aKJi6ii(BaM'b va to lock in, rivet, clencb, 
cramp; — ce vpr to clench, rivet; to 
be clenched, riveted; — ne n clench- 
ing, riveting; locking in; — iueHi> ppp 
clenched; locked in. 

saKAHMaMi. vn to commence nodding 
(one's head J, swing or throw (one's body 
in walking . 

3aKjiHHaMi> V saKjiesaM-b. 

aaKjiHH^rejib m conjuror, exorcist; — 
JICHT. a conjuring. 

aaKjiHHBaMb va to wedge tight, wedge 
in, fasten with a wedge; to key, drive 
up the quoins {typ); — ce vpr to be 
wedged tight; to be fastened with a 
wedge; — hc n wedging; — HeHi> ppp 
wedged, wedged tight. 

saKJidKBaiwb vn to commence boiling, 
bubble up (in boiling). 

3aKJi5n-b v HaKJion'b. 

3aKji6nHM-b va to shut, close (one's eyes); 
to cover up or over; vn to bubble; — ce 
vpr to be shut, closed; to be covered up. 

saKjiioid'JiKa / latch, snick; slip-bolt. 

saKjuoH^BaM-b va to conclude; to con- 
tain, comprise, include; to deduce, infer; 
— ce vpr to be deduced, inferred, con- 
cluded; to be contained, comprised, in- 
cluded; —He n concluding, inferring; 
containing, comprising, including; con- 
clusion, inference, deduction. 

saKJiKSqaaM-b va to lock (a door, etc), 
lock up, shut up (a prisoner, etc); to 
fold, clasp (one's hands, etc); — M^re 
Bparara, lock up the door; — qnxa ro 
B-b CTaHTa, they locked or shut him up 
in the room; — ce vpr to be locked; 
Bparara He Mowe Aa ce — qn, the 
door doesn't lock, can't be locked; — 
qHji-b ce e B-b K«.maTa, he has locked 
or shut himself up in his house; — ne 
n locking; shutting; — qen-b ppp locked, 
locked up, shut up. 

saKAioq^HHe n conclusion; deduction, in- 
ference; close ("of a period); bt. — , in 
conclusion, finally; Baas — , to form or 
draw a conclusion. 

saKJuoqiiTejieH-b a final, definitive, con- 
clusive. 

saKHHXCBaM-b va to paper up, cover up 
with paper. 



saKOB^aaM-b va to nail, nail (a box) up,, 
nail on (a tag, etc); to knock in, drive 
in; to spike; to rivet; — B^re ro na 
CTtnara, nail it up on the wall; — ce 
vpr to be nailed, nailed up; to rivet 
itself, get stuck or clenched; — hc n 
nailing; riveting; —ht. ppp nailed, nailed 
up; riveted; boxed up. 

39.K6nBAWb (-Jifl) va to kill, slay; — ce 
vpr to be killed, slayed; to kill oneself; 
—He n killing, slaying, slaughtering; 
— KjidH-b a H ppp killed. 

3aKoji^cHHi;a / linchpin, pin. 

sdHo^i-b m Adam's apple {anat;. 

3aK6HeH'b a lawful, legal, legitimate; — 
6paK-b, lawful marriage; — Hacji'feA- 
HHK-b, right heir; —ho npaBO, legal 
right; —ho a fere, legitimate child; na 
—HO ocHoaaHHe, legally, on legal 
grounds; roaa ne e —no, that is not 
lawful; it is not right or just; —ho ad 
lawfully, legally, according to the law; 
— HocTb n legality, lawfulness; legiti- 
mateness. 

SaKdHHHK'b V SaKOHOB-bAeUb. 

3aKOHOB'feA^HHe n jurisprudence, science 
of law, law; — B-feAeit* m jurist, lawyer, 
one versed in the law. 

aaKOHOA^rejib m law-giver, law-maker, 
legislator; — JiCHb a legislative (assem- 
bly); — CTBo n legislation; legislature. 

saKOHonapyuiMTejib m law-breaker; — ' 
jieHT. a law-breaking, illegal; — ui^HHe 
n violation of the law, transgression. 

saKOHonptcTiKnHHK-b V aaKOHonapy- 

UlHTejIb. 

saKOHonpo^KT-b m bill, draught of a bill. 

saKOHonojio^K^HHe n legislation; legis- 
lature. 

SBKOHoyqiiTejib m teacher of religion. 

saKdHi* m law; statute, commandment; 
act; — BoiKH, divine law; God's com- 
mandment; the Bible; ecrecTBeH'b — , 
natural law; nature's law; rpaMCAau- 
CKH — , civil law; Beuii) no — na, versed 
in law; cnopeA* — Ha, according to the 
law, legally; HapyuiasaM-b — na, to 
break or violate the law; OTM-feHiiBaM-b 
— , to repeal a law; HaCtrsaM-b — na, 
to elude the law; npoTHS-b —Ha, con- 
trary to the law; illegally; — aa ewH- 
rpauHHTa, emmigration act. 

saKon^BaiHi. va to dig into, inter, bury; 
to begin digging, commence digging; 
— napH B-b aeiMfiTa, to hide money in 



saKonqaBaM'h 



140 



saKpflKBHII-W 



the ground; 6ama My 6Ha.t —hi* sqe- 

pa, his father was interred or buried 
yesterday; — ce vpr to be dug into, 
Interred, buried; to bury oneself; to 
burrow, intrench oneself; to abscond 
(fig)—Hc n digging into, interring, bury- 
ing; interment, burial; hiding (money, 
etc); — K6naHi> ppp dug into, interred, 
buried; hid. 

saKonq^BaM-b va to button (one's coat); 
to fasten, rivet, clasp; — ce vpr to 
button up oneself; to be buttoned; to be 
riveted, clasped, clenched; — q^flre ch 
najiTOTo, button up your coat; ne 
MOAct Aa ce — qae, it doesn't button, 
it can't be buttoned; —He n buttoning; 
fastening, clasping, clenching; — q^HT. 
ppp buttoned, buttoned up. 

aaKopasiaaM-b va to harden, stiffen, be- 
come hardened, become stiff, callous; to 
grow obdurate; —He n hardening, be- 
coming hardened; obdurateness, ob- 
duracy; inveteracy. 

saKopaatji-b a hardened, obdurate, stif- 
fened, deep-rooted (evil), inveterate 
(drunkard), callous (neck); — Jiocrt / 
stiffness, obduracy, callousness; invete- 
rateness (of habits, etc). 

saKopcHiji-b a deep-rooted, inveterate 
(habit); — jioctb / inveterateness, in- 
veteracy. 

3aKopeHflBaMi> vn to take root, get deep- 
rooted; to harden, grow inveterate; — 
He n taking root; growing inveterate; 
inveteracy. 

3aKopK6pBaM'b vn to commence rumb- 
ling (of the bowels). 

saKocdBaiM'b va to commence mowing; 

— ce vpr to have mowing commenced; 
—He n commencing mowing. 

saKpdqaM-b vn to commence striding, 
stepping, walking with long strides. 

saKp^qaiM-b vn to commence to croak (of 
frogs), quack, cluck, cackle, chuckle (of 
hens, etc). 

aaKpiiBaM-b va to cover, cover up (one's 
face), shut, shut (the light) out, hide, 
conceal; to close (a meeting, etc); Ua- 
pbT-b — KpH HapoAHOTO C-b6paHHe, 
the King closed the National Assembly; 

— ce vpr to be covered; to be closed; 
to be concealed; to hide or conceal one- 
self; to go down (of the sun); to be 
cancelled, abolished (of an office); — 



He n covering, hiding, concealing; clos- 
ing (o/ a session); abolishment; h aaKpH- 
THC n; —twht — TT» ppp covered, hid- 
den, concealed; closed; abolished (of an 
office, etc); npH — th spara, at or 
with closed doors. 

aaKpHBfiBaifb va to bend, curve, turn, 
bow, crook, distort; vn to bend one's 
way, turn (around a corner); — ce vpr 
to bend up, turn; to be bent, curved, 
turned; to bend oneself; — ne n bend- 
ing (metals, etc), turning, curving, bow- 
ing; twisting; — sen-b ppp h a bent, 
curved, turned; twisted. 

aaKpHJia / protection, safeguard; aegis; 
noAi> Bmkh — , under Qod's protection; 
— OTi> B-bTpoaeTt, shelter against the 
winds. 

saKpHJiHHicb m protector, defender, shel- 
terer; patron; — ua / protectress; patro- 
ness; — qecKH a protective, protecting; 
— qecTBO n protection; patronage. 

3aKpHjisiM-b va to protect, shelter, guard, 
defend; to patronise (-ize), promote (the 
arts, etc), support; — ce vpr to be protected 
(against danger); to be patronised, pro- 
moted; to protect oneself; — ne n pro- 
tecting, sheltering; patronising; protect- 
ion; patronage; — jieni* ppp protected, 
sheltered; patronised. 

saKp-bHKa / patch, piece; caMp — kh, all 
patched, covered with patches; — qai^a 
/ dim a small patch, a tiny little patch. 

saKptnaaM-b va to fasten, fix, attach, 
stick, set to; to prop, strengthen, steady; 
to establish, put (on one's feet); — ce 
vpr to be fastened, attached, stuck, set 
to; to be steadied, strengthened, balanced: 
to be consolidated; to get fastened, 
fasten oneself, stick, cling to; toA ce e 
Ao6p-b —nam* s-b paGoTara CHt he is 
doing very well in his business; HOBa- 
ra napTHH craua npnqHHa Aa ce — 
HH A'bp:>KaBaTa, the new party was 
responsible for the consolidation of the 
state; — ne n fastening, attaching, fix- 
ing, sticking or setting to; propping, 
strengthening, consolidating; consolida- 
tion; — nen-b ppp fastened, fixed; stea- 
died, strengthened, propped; consoli- 
dated. 

saKp^KBaM-b va to commence croaking 
(of a frog), quacking, clucking, chuck- 
ling, cackling (like a hen); to com- 



8aKpiK.rjiflM-h 



141 



mence chattering (fig); xcatfHT'fc cjk. — 
KajiH, the frogs are croaking. 

3aKp«.r;iaM'b va to round, make round; 
to make up (a sum); — ce vpr to be 
rounded, be made round, get round; — 
He « rounding; — Jieu-b ppp rounded, 
made round. 

3aKynBaM-b va to buy up, buy in, buy 
all; — ce vpr to be bought up, bought 
in; —He n bying up; — nem. ppp all 
bought, bought up; — Ka / purchase, 
deal; — HHK-b m buyer, purchaser. 

3aK]^CBaM-b va vn to breakfast, have or 
eat one's breakfast; to lunch, take a 
bite; m,o — uaxre raan aapanb, what 
did you have for breakfast this morn- 
ing? — naxre jih, have you breakfasted, 
did you eat your breakfast? ou^e ne 
CMC — uajiH, we haven't breakfasted yet; 
Tp'tfisa pane Aa ce — sa, one should 
breakfast or take his breakfast early; 
—He n breakfasting; lunching, taking a 
bite; — naji-b ppp breakfasted, taken or 
eaten one's breakfast. 

saKycKa / breakfast; lunch, luncheon; 
bite; mess; aa — , for breakfast; na — , 
to or for breakfast; during breakfast 
time; xy6aBH — kh, fine lunches. 

saKyi^BaMi* vn to begin to limp; to limp 
a little. 

a^K-bjiHHBaiM'b V aaKjiesaiN-b; — Kijinar-b 
ppp taken the oath, administered the 
oath, sworn. 

aaK-ipMaMi. va to feed, give bran (to 
cattle); to give (calves) to suck. 

3aK-bpnBaMi> va to patch, patch up (a 
coat, etc)', to mend (a coat, shoes, etc); 
to do up, dupe (fig); rptfiBa ^a ch 
— nfl oSymara, I have to have my 
shoes mended or repaired; — ce vpr 
to be patched up, pieced; to be mended; 
to mend one's clothes; — ne n patch- 
ing up, piecing; mending; darning (stock- 
ings); —nem. ppp patched up; mended. 

aaK-bCH^HMe n delay; retardment, tardi- 
ness, lateness; mark for tardiness or 
for coming late; roAtMO — , long delay, 
retardment (of a train); ab% —a, two 
marks for tardiness. 

aaK-bCHABaM-b vn to come late, be late, 
be or come too late; MHoro ere — hIj- 
;iH, you are too late! aauto — utxre 
TOJiKOBa, why did you come so late? 
me — HteM-b, we shall be late; ne Atfl- 
Te — Ba» don't be or come late; — ne, 



coming late or too late; delay, re- 
tardment; — HtjiT. ppp late, too late, 
come too late; delayed; due (bill). 

3A;ia / hall, drawing-room, saloon. 

san^BSM-b va to seize, take hold of, catch; 
to capture (a prisoner); to take up, en- 
gage in; Totl 6 HAe— Ji6BeHi> bi. caMOTO 
AtJio, he was caught in the very act; 
BCHqKH 6flAH — JiOBCHH, all of them have 
been caught or captured; — ce vpr to 
be seized, caught, captured; to seize, 
take hold of, grasp, catch; to hold one 
self to, cling, stick to; to engage (in 
business); ToH cee— Ji6BHA'bcepH03HO 
sa paGora, he has commenced work- 
ing (has applied himself) in earnest; — 
jioBHAH ce eAHH-b 3a Apyri** they had 
taken hold of each other, holding 
each other; —He n seizing, catching; 
capturing; taking up, engaging; capture, 
seizure; — jidseHi. ppp seized, caught, 
captured; — ji6bhjii> app. 

aajidraiwb va to pledge, pawn (one's 
watch, etc), put in pledge or in pawn, 
mortgage (one's property); to give as se- 
curity; to bet, stake; — ce vpr to be 
pledged, pawned, mortgaged; to be given 
as security; to bend over, stoop, receive 
on the back; to pledge oneself; — ne h 
pledging, pawning, mortgaging; giving 
as security; staking, betting; — rdq-i. 
m pledger, pawner, mortgager; bettor, 
staker, wager; — ;i6>KeHi> ppp h a v 3a- 
AOMceu-b. 

3a;i43iiM'b vn to commence crawling or 
creeping. 

sajiittBaM-b vn to commence barking {of 
a dog); — He n barking, yelping. 

sajieAflBaM-b va to ice, freeze; — ce vpr to 
freeze, turn into ice, congeal, be covered 
with ice; — ne n icing, freezing, turn- 
ing into ice; — A^n-b ppp iced, covered 
with ice, frozen, congealed. 

sajiexc^BaM-b vn, — ce vpr to lie down 
long; to be sick or lie in bed long, be 
bedrid or bedridden. 

saji^jieKBaM-b vn to commence to groan, 
say ah or oh. 

sajier^aaM-b vn to fly up, fly away; to 
commence flying; HMa i^ia'b qaci> Kaitb 
e — TtjiT., he has been flying now for 
an hour. 

3aAii6BaM-b V 3ajiH>6BaM-b. 

3aAiiBaM-b va to draw (water); to spill, 
pour over, upon; to wet, sprinkle (streets); 



142 



saji'fea'b 



to flood, inundate, deluge; to draw 
in (wine, etc); — ce vpr to be drawn; 
to be wetted, watered, sprinkled; to be 
poured over, upon; to be deluged, inun- 
dated, flooded; — h« n drawing, dip- 
ping (water, etc); watering, wetting, 
pouring over or upon; quenching (fire, 
etc); —JitCH-b, — ji-bTT> ppp drawn; 
poured over or upon; deluged flooded, 
inundated (with water, etc). 
3ijiHB-b m gulf, bay. 
sajiifSBaM-b vn to slide, slip, be slippery; 
to commence licking; — hc n sliding, 
slipping; slipperiness; — sani. a rubbed 
off, worn out; defaced (coin) 
aaAHH^BaMi) vn to commence shedding 
or casting one's hair (of cattle, etc), 
begin moulting; to grow lean. 
sajiHceaM-b va to make tioise, raise noise, 
shout; to amuse, divert, draw one's 
attention; — ce vpr to be distracted, 
confused, taken up (with business, etc); 
to be unable to catch one's breath (of 
children); to be giddy; —He n noising, 
making noise, shouting; minding, divert- 
ing (children, etc); — cau-b ppp dis- 
tracted, confused (with affairs); giddy; 
— HMK* m noisy person. 
sajiHCTflM-b ce vpr to bud, put forth, be 

covered with foliage. 
s&JiHCb m noise, racket, confusion, shout. 
sajiHTaM-b vn to fall back, stagger, reel, 
totter, waver; —He n staggering, reel- 
ing. 
3a;iHqaMi>, — HdBaMi> va to cross out, 
scratch out, cancel, strike out, erase, 
brush off (the blackboard, etc); vn to 
show out, strike the eye (at a distance); 
— q^xe xyfl, brush this off, erase this, 
strike out this (passage of a book, etc/, 
— ce vpr to be brushed off, erased, 
blotted out, scratched out; to scratch 
one's name off (a list); —He n brush- 
ing off, erasing, striking out, crossing 
out (a word, etc); — neHi. ppp brushed 
or rubbed off, erased; blotted out; crossed 
or scratched out. 
sajidBCHi) ppp seized, caught; arrested, 

captured; v sajiaBflMi.. 
3aji6Bfl v aajiasHM'b. 
3aji6ri> m pledge, pawn; security; hos- 
tage; wager, stake; voice {gram); ^a- 
BaMi> BT. — , to pledge, give as secu- 
rity; AtttcTBHTejien-b — , active voice; 
ToA 6HAe saA'bpHcaH'b Karo — , he 



was retained as hostage (by an en- 
emy). 

3aji6iKBaM-b, — xca v sajiaram*. 

3ajid>KeH'b ppp H a pledged, pawned 
watch); mortgaged (property); loan (bank) 
staked (sumj: given as security for. 

3aji6}KHHK'b m hostage, surety; the per- 
son who gives away the bride; pawn- 
er, mortgager; staker, bettor. 

3aji5cTaM-b va to lx)lt, bar in; to jam. 

3ajiouiaBiBa imp v; — mh, I feel sick, I 
am ill, I am getting sick. 

aaan-b m volley, round, discharge; CM-bp> 
TOHOccH-b — , deadly volley; AaBaM-b 
— , to discbarge a volley. 

s^jiyAO ad in vain, to no purpose, for 
nothing. 

3a;iyAiBaMi> vn to begin raving; to turn 
or grow mad, become furious; to grow 
restless {of a horsey, to get gay, be- 
come playful; KaKBHcre raKHBa— jih, 
what are you making all this racket 
for? don't be so noisy! 

aajiynBaM-b v 3axjiynBaM-b. 

sajiyraM-b vn to beat about, grope, err, 
roam, wander about 

laji-brsaM-b va to amuse, entertain, di- 
virt; to entice; vn to commence telling 
lies or fibs; — jk^tc Atuara na cAHa 
crpana, take away the children and 
amuse them; — ce vpr to be amused, 
entertained; to amuse oneself, trifle one's 
time away; — ae n amusing, diverting 
(children); -riJiKa/ toy, trinket, bauble; 
diversion, amusement; -hi. ppp. 

3&n-bKb m mouthful, bite; na cAHH-b — , 
at one bite; — xa-fe6'b, a piece of bread, 
a bit of bread; —He n dim small mouth- 
ful, a bit; —ufipl; HsaA-brbm {-ai/ipl). 

sajiiraM-b vn, — ce vpr to take pains, 
apply oneself, tiy hard, exert oneself; 
— raflre na paooTara ch, look after 
your work, pay attention to your work, 
be diligent; — hc n striving, exerting, 
paying attention; exertion, care, atten- 
tion. 

saji-feraM-b vn to go to bed, be getting 
ready to lie down or go to bed. 

aaatsBaMi. vn to go down, set {of the 
sun); cJi'bHi^ero 6* — Jio, the sun had 
gone down; —He n setting {of the 
sun), sunset, sundown; — 3i>jn> ppp. 

ain-ts-b m sunset, sundown; npn — cai>H- 



3a;i'feji'b 



143 



3aMHHaBaf(-b 



ue, at sunset. 

sajiiji'b app, — fltHT. ppp V aajiHBaMi.. 

sa/iinsaM'b va to glue up, paste up 
(paper), solder (metal); to stick on, stick 
on together, put together; — nJitCHH- 
ua, to give a slap; — utJiyBKa, to 
give a kiss; — ce vpr to be glued or 
pasted up; to be soldered; to stick, get 
stuck to; to cling, adhere; to be sticky, 
clayey; — ne n gluing, pasting; solder- 
ing; sticking, fastening (together); — 
neHi ppp glued up; soldered; stuck 
to, fastened together, grown in to- 
gether. 

sajitcHBaMCb va to afforest, plant with 
trees, turn into forest; — ce vpr to be 
afforested, planted with trees, turned 
into forest; — hc n afforestation; — ceHT> 
ppp afforested. 

saji'bT'b ppp V sajiHBaM-b. 

sajitTtBaM-b V aajiCTJiBaMT., 

sajitii V sajiHsaM-b. 

3ajiK56BaMi> va to fall in love with, be 
infatuated with (a person); to grow 
fond of, take a liking, have a liking for; 
TO« TyraKCHn— CHfl-b, he at once fell 
in love with her; niHoro ca. ro — 6h- 
jiH, they have taken a great liking to 
him; — ce vpr to fall in love with; to 
fall in love with each other; to be- 
come dear to (one); OTAasHa c«. ce — 
6hjih, they have been courting each 
other for a long while; —He n falling 
in love, growing fond of, taking a 
liking to; — ecHi. ppp (fallen) in love 
with, infatuated; very fond of. 

3a.niOAHBaMi> va to begin to rock, swing, 
lull (a child to sleep), shake (a tree); 
to gi'' e a swing to; — ce vpr to com- 
mence rocking, swinging, tipping {of a 
ship); to be rocked, swung; to swing 
oneself; — ue n rocking, swinging, shak- 
ing; — jiKSaCH'b ppp swung, given a 
swing; shaken. 

3ajiK>TiBaM-b vn to be tasting peppery, 
hot or caustic; MHoro mh — T-fe, it 
burned me, it tastes very peppery to 
me; — hc n peppery taste, pepperiness. 

aajiidrnKBaMi. va to begin to rock, swing; 

— ce vpr to commence rocking, swing- 
ing; rjiasaTa MH ce— Kaa, I feel dizzy; 

— He n rocking, swinging; swing. 
3ajiK5mBaM-b va, — ce vpr to peel back. 



turn back or over (of skin or bark); — 
njiecHHua, to give a slap on the face; 
—He n peeling back, turning over; — 
men-b ppp. 
aaiH^sBaM-b va to rub over, plaster up (a 
wall), cement, lute, putty; to besmear, 
bedaub; to connive, wink at, white- wash 
(an affair); — ce vpr to be plastered 
up; to be besmeared, bedaubed; to be 
hushed up; — ne n plastering, closing, 
stopping (a hole); bedaubing, besmear- 
ing, blotting; white-washing; — aan-b ppp 
plastered; besmeared; white-washed. 
3aM^itBaM'b, — lOBaM-b va to dizzy, make 
dizzy or giddy; to stupefy, stun (with 
a blow); to din, flurry; to delay, hinder, 
retard; — ce vpr to be dizzied, made 
dizzy, stupefied, stunned; to delay, loiter, 
lag behind; — mh ce cB-br-b, I feel 
dizzy, I am dizzy; rjiasara My ce — 
Ba, his head has got the swim, is dizzy; 
—He n dizzying, making dizzy; stun- 
ning; stupefaction, dizziness; delay — 
HHT. ppp dizzy, stunned, stupefied; 
delayed. 
3aMdxBaM'b va to begin to swing (one's 
arms, etc), flap (one's wings), wave, beck- 
on (with the hand), give signal (with 
a flag etc); to lift up, raise up (one's 
hand (as if to strike); — ce vpr to be 
swung, flapped, waved; to be lifted up; 
—He n swinging; lifting up (one's hand 
against); — uarb ppp. 
3^Max-b m swing, blow, stroke; nojiHTH- 
qecKH — , a political stroke; cb eAHHi> 
— , with one blow. 
saM^HH-b a dizzy, giddy, stupefied; —ho 
ad dizzily; — HOCTb / dizziness, giddi- 
ness, stupefaction, insensibility. 
saMd^K-b m lily (bof). 
3aMepA>KejinBa ce vpr to glimmer; to 
seem, appear; — mh ce, I see it glim- 
mering (at a distance) or swimming be 
fore my eyes; — Ji*e ce h HsieaHet it 
will show up and vanish again as soon. 
3aMeqT^BaM-b vn to begin to dream, fancy, 
build castles in the air; to give oneself 
up to thinking or meditation; to yearn 
for. 
saMHraM-b vn to begin to blink, wink, 

glimmer {of a lamp). 
3aMHHdBaM'b, — MHHyBaMT. va to go, de- 
part, start (for London, etc); to pass, 
pass through, away; to get over, go 
over, cross; to pass by; hhc fh —hex- 



aaMHpaMi> 



144 



8aiipi»3BaM-b 



Me, we passed them by; rpcH'bT'b — 
■a sa UapHrpaAi>, the train is bound 
for Constantinople or starts for Con- 
stantinople; — MiiHa my, he recovered, 
he is well again; — H^re h ro seMere, 
call and take him; — ce vpr to be passed, 
crossed, gotten over or across; — hc n 
going, departing; departure; going over 
or across, passing, crossing; passing by; 
outstripping; — MiiHaTi* ppp passed, 
crossed; passed by. 

sanapaMi* vn to faint, swoon, sink. 

3aMHpAcBaMi> VH to begin to smell; to 
smell, stink; — -saMMHaBMHO, it smells 
of wine; it has a vinous odo(u)r; — cajii* 
e ifbjiaTa Kjnuia, he has stunk up the 
whole house; —He » smelling; stinking. 

saiiHcaM-b V saMtcsaM-b. 

saiidcjieH'b a thoughtful, pensive, buried 
in thought, serious; —ho ad thought- 
fully, pensively; — HOCTb / thoughtful- 
ness, pensiveness; sadness. 

aaiiAcJMM'b, — jiiOBaMi* va to design, de- 
vise, conceive, plan, purpose, meditate, 
plot, foment; — jnoaar-b Aa ro y6HsiT'b, 
they are plotting against his life, are 
designing upon his life; — Jiomo a*- 
jio, ■ to meditate a bad action; — ce 
vpr to grow pensive, become serious 
or thoughtful; to be devised, conceived, 
planned; MHoro ere ce — ^h;ih, you look 
very pensive, you are lost in thought; 
—He n devising, conceiving, de- 
signing, planning, plotting; design, plot, 
plan; meditation, thoughtfulness. 

a^MHCbJi'b m conception, design; plot; 
purpose, project; BHCoKa — , high con- 
ception; HMa — npOTHB-b XCHBOTa My, 
they are plotting against his life. 

aaMiraM-b va to sweep up (a room), 
sweep along or away; to brush along; 
vn to blow up, drift; — ce vpr to be 
swept up, along, away; to be covered 
or blocked up; to take oneself off; drag 
oneself along; — ne n sweeping up; 
sweeping along, away; — M^TeHT> ppp 
swept up; swept away (by the waves, 
etc); blocked up (with snow, etc). 

3aMKi> m glue. 

saMjiiKBaM-b (-Ha) vn to cease talking 
or speaking, stop talking; to hush up, 
be hushed, be silent; to abate, cease 
{of a storm, etc); — ne n hushing up, 
ceasing, dving away {of a sound). 

saM^raaMi (-na) vn, — ce vpr to get up 



on one's feet again, recover, recuperate, 
pick up, grow stronger; — ne n pick- 
ing up, getting stronger; recuperation. 

aaMdwen-b a well-to-do. opulent, wealthy, 
rich; — HOCTb / opulence, opulency, 
affluence. 

saMdnaaM-b (-jia) va to ask, beg, en- 
treat, request; to petition; to commence 
begging, entreating; Sue ro — Ji^xe, 
you ask him (to do a thing, etc); — 
Bh r-ne, I ask you, beg of you, dear 
sir; — ce vpr to be asked, begged, 
requested, entreated, besought; to com- 
mence praying (to God), beseeching, en- 
treating (a person); — jiAaare ce r-ne, 
you are requested, dear sir; Karo ce 
— m6jih. He cnnpa, there is no stop- 
ping when he once gets up to pray; — 
He H begging, asking, entreating, re- 
questing; request; •—MdacH'bppp asked, 
begged; requested (to keep silence, 
etc). 

3aMop£BaMi> va to tire, tire out, fatigue, 
exhaust, weary; — ce vpr to be tired, 
g;et tired; JiecHOce —Ba, he gets easily 
tired out; — He« tiring; exhaustion; — 
Mop^H-b ppp tired, exhausted, fatigued. 

saMOT^BaMi* va to wind up, twine 
(thread, etc); to entangle, complicate, 
mix up; rofl e 3Jit — raHi. bt. rasH pa- 
6oTa, he is badly entangled in that 
affair; — ce vpr to be woundup, twined; 
to be entangled, entangle oneself; 
—He n winding up, twining; entangling; 
entanglement; — Mdranb ppp wound 
up; entangled; complicated (affair), 

aaMp^ V saMHpaMb. 

saMpasAsaM-b va to freeze, ice, congeal; 
to chill, estrange (friends); — hc n freez- 
ing; chilling, estiangement (of friends). 

3aMpi3flM'b va to commence hating (a 
person). 

saMpaq^aaMi. va to darken, obscure, 
cloud; — ce vpr to be darkened, ob- 
scured; — aa ce imp v it is getting 
dark, it is getting dusk; —He n darken- 
ing, obscuring; — i^Hb ppp darkened, 
obscured; cloudy (weather). 

3aMpl3BaMi> (-Ha) vn to freeze, freeze up 
or over, turn into ice, be frozen, congeal; 
Aynaa-b e — Haji-b,the Danube is frozen; 
— Hajii. CbM-b OTb cryA-b, I am dead 
cold, I am freezing with cold; — ne n 
freezing; congelation; ToiKa na — ne, 
freezing-point; — najii. ppp frozen; con- 



3aMpi>3{IBaM-b 



145 



saMtcBaM-b 



gealed, benumbed (with cold), stiff. 

saivip'bSHBaM-b V saMpasHBaM-b. 

saMp-bKBaMi. vn to be overtaken with 
darkness, surprised by nightfall; to come 
'ate in the evening; — Haxme bi. no- 
jieTo, night overtook us in the plain or 
outdoors; MHoro ere — najiH, you are 
coming very late; — ne n being overtak- 
en with darkness or nightfall; coming 
late in the evening; — naji-b ppp overtaken 
with nightfall, come late in the even- 
ing, benighted. 

3aMp-b4KBaMi> va to blot out, smear, 
besmear, deface; — ce vpr to be blot- 
ted but; —He n blotting out; — Kau-b 
ppp blotted out; illegible (writing). 

3aMp4>KBaM-b va to cover with a net; 
to blot out, deface, brush off; — ce vpr 
to be covered with a net; to be 
blotted out; — th mh ce omht*, my 
eyes get dull or dim —He n blotting; — 
}KeHi> ppp covered with a net; blotted 
out, defaced; dull (eyes), 

saMyq^BaiM-b vn to begin to bellow {of 
cattle). 

3aMi>rjiflBaM-b z'a to wrap in a fog, to dim, 
cloud, obscure; — ce z/pr to be obscured 
by a fog, wrapped up in a fog, be 
clouded or foggy; — Ba ce imp v it is 
getting cloudy, dim or foggy; — ne n 
covering or wrapping by a fog, obscur- 
ing, dimming; — ;i6hi> ppp clouded, 
obscured; cloudy, foggy, dim, obscure. 

saMiKBaiMi. (-Ha) va to drag along, down, 
away, carry along, away, off, take along, 
away; to steal; to commence dragging 
along, carrying along or away; — naxa 
CTOKara bt. ropara, they dragged the 
goods away into the forest; BCCACH-b 
CA — HaaH AiiPBa, ihey have been car- 
rying wood all day long; — ce vpr to 
be dragged or carried along, away, off; 
to drag oneself along, draw near; h rofl 
ce e — Haji-b TaMT.,he too has dragged 
himself there; —He n dragging or car- 
rying along, away, off; — Hari. ppp 
dragged or carried along, away, off. 

3&Mi>K-b m castle. 

saM'bJiq^BaM'b va to silence, hush up 
(an affair); to pass over, overlook; rfe — 
MajiH paCoTara, they had hushed up 
the affair; 3amo ce ctz Ttfl — qiJiH, 
what are you so quiet for? toH ch 
— mAjit., he did not say a word, passed 



it over without saying anything; — ce 
vpr to be silenced, hushed up; to cease 
talking, become silent, hush up; —He 
n silencing (a person;, hushing up; — 
q^HT. ppp silenced; hushed up; con- 
nived at. 

saM-ipABaiM-b vn to begin moving, stir- 
ring, wriggling, twisting. 

3aMi;iBaM-b va to commence grinding 
(flour, etc). 

3aMiHa / exchange, substitute, equivalent; 
replacement; bt. — , in exchange for, 
in lieu of, in return for, instead of. 

3aMtHHHKl> V SaMtCTHHK-b. 

saHtH^BaM'b va to replace, substitute; a3i> 
ro — HHXT>, I replaced him, took his 
place; — ce vpr to be replaced, sub- 
stituted; HaKasaHHero ci>3aTBop'b ce 
— HH cb rjioGa, the punishment with 
imprisonment was commuted into a 
fine; — ne n replacing, substituting; re- 
placement, substitution; exchange; — 
Heni. ppp replaced, substituted; ex- 
changed. 

saMtpBaiH-b va to throw at, hurl at, aim 
at; to hit, make a target of; to pelt 
with; to commence measuring; roBO- 
PHTejibT-b 6Hae — peHT> ct. nliua, the 
speaker was pelted with eggs; Kora me 
noqHeTe aa 3aMtpMTe, when will you 
begin measuring? — ce vpr to be 
thrown at, aimed at, pelted with; to be 
measured; — ne n throwing at; — Mt- 
peni) ppp hit, struck; pelted. 

saiHtpKaM'b vn to begin to twinkle, glim- 
mer, lurk. 

3aMicTHHK'b m substitute; proxy, repre- 
sentative; V HaMfecTHHK'b; — qecKH a 
of a substitute, substitutive (rights). 

saMicTitM-b va to replace, substitute; to 
make up, make good; xoW iwe — th, he 
takes my place, he replaces me; — ce 
vpr to be replaced, substituted, be filled; 
Toti m;k.mho Mo>Ke na. ce — th, it will 
be hard work to fill his place; —He 
n replacing, substituting, filling (a po- 
sition); replacement, substitution; — 
TCHT. ppp replaced, substituted; — th- 
re^b V saMtcTRHKi. 

saMfecb m V 3aM-fccKa. 

saM^CBaMb va to mix, mingle; to knead 
in, put in paste (of dough), mould (clay); 
10 



saMtraMi. 



146 



to mix up, involve, entangle, implicate; 
H ToA e — ccHii B-b rasH a(|)epa, 
he too is mixed up in that afiair; — 
ce vpr to be mixed, mingled; to be 
kneaded; to be involved; to mix in or 
up, meddle, interfere; — ne n mixing; 
kneading; involving; — ccht. ppp mixed 
in or up; kneaded (of bread/, involved, 
implicated (in a crime, etc); — Ka / 
mixture; kneading. 

saMtraiM'b va to latch (a door); to be 
tongue-tied; to commence tossing up (in 
the air), throwing up; — H^re Bparara, 
latch the door; — ce vpr to be latched; 
to commence jumping, dancing; to swing 
one's body (in walking); —Hen latching; 
— HaTT. ppp latched. 

saM'feiuaM'b V saM-fecBaM-b. 

saMiutaM-b v saM'fecTsiM-b. 

aaMATBaM-b va to muddle, muddy (water, 
etc), make foul; to trouble, disturb; to 
commence sitting on eggs {of hens); hc- 
;i'feflTe — Ba BOAara, don't be mud- 
dling or muddying the water; — ce 
vpr to be muddled, muddied; ro get 
muddy; to get dizzy {of the head); — 
He n muddling, muddying, making foul; 
mixing, muddling (one's brains); — tcht. 
ppp muddled, muddy, foul (water), 
troubled, turbid. 

3aMiK.4BaM-b va to begin to torture, tor- 
ment, oppress, agonise (-nize); c-bstcTb- 
xa ro e — qnjia, he is being stung with 
remorse; — ce vpr to make efforts, try 
hard; to be seized with pains (in child- 
birth,; to suffer the agonies of death; 
OTAasna ce e — ^HJi-b Bi>pxy TasH 
sa^aqa, he has been a long time work- 
ing hard on that problem; -^He n 
torturing, tormenting; — mcht. ppp. 

saHanptA'b ad from now on, from now 
hence, in the future; hence; 6AiAeTe 
no-BHHMaTe;iHH — , be more careful in 
the future. 

3aHap6>KAaM-b va to begin arranging, 
lining, putting in a row. 

aandcHM'b t/a to carry, take to, bear away, 
deliver (a letter, etc); to flatter (a per- 
son); — Hec^re iwy KHHrara, take his 
book to him; — coxa ro bt. Apyrara 
craiit they took him, carried or bore 
him, into the other room; — ce vpr to 
be taken, carried, borne; to be deliv- 



ered; to be carried away (in thought), 
fall agaping, look stupid; — ne n taking 
to, carrying, bearing away, conveying; 
delivery (ot goods); — H^ceHi. ppp car- 
ried, taken to; delivered; gone deep in 
thoughts; agaping, stupid. 

saHanTiHsi m artisan, tradesman, handi- 
craft; — ficKH a trade (union), of trade, 
industrial (school); — Hctbo n artisan's 
trade or business, handicraft. 

saHaflT-b mt trade, occupation, handi- 
craft; profession; no — T'bproBou'b, a 
merchant by occupation or trade; Ka- 
K-bBi. My e — ra, what is his occupation 
or trade? — T-bTt e CoraTCTBO, trade is 
wealth. 

saHA^H-b mt dungeon. 

saHeM^pBaMi. va to neglect; — Kocara 
CH, to neglect the care of one's hair, 
let one's hair grow; — ce vpr to be 
neglected; to neglect oneself; —He n 
neglecting, abandoning; neglect; — 
pern, ppp neglected, left in disuse; a- 
bandoned. 

sanec^ v saHHcaMi.; — n^cen-b ppp. 

3aHM3BaMi> va to begin stringing (beads, 
etc). 

saHHM^BaM-b va to occupy, engage, enter- 
tain, busy, keep busy, hold the atten- 
tion of; to occupy, fill (a position); — 
M^liTe Atnara sa MajiKo, entertain 
(attend to) the children for a while; 

TOft — Ba BHCOKa A-t'blKHOCTb, he fills 

a high position; — ce vpr to occupy, 
employ, busy oneself; rofl ce iwHoro 
— Ba, he studies a great deal, he stu- 
dies too much; He Atflre ce — Ba cb 
Hero, don't talk about him, don't busy 
yourself with him; — ne n studying; 
study; entertaining, busying, occupying. 

saHHM^HHe n occupation; study-hours; 
B-b BptMe Ha — , during study-hours; 
TO e np-bKpacHO — , it is an excellent 
occupation. 

saHHM^TejieH-b a entertaining, interest- 
ing, fascinating; study (room}; —ho ad 
entertainingly; — nocTb / entertaining 
power, interest. 

saHHcaM-b v sanacsiM-b. 

saHiiqaM'b va to glance over, give a 
look at. 

sanoB^U-b m laburnum, gold-rain (bot). 

sdHocb m pin (for keeping a yoke on 
the draught-bar). 

saHdcHMi. va to carry; to begin to car- 



sau'feM-bBaM'b 



147 



sanajisaMi* 



ry; to commence wearing or using; to 
cause to drift, fill up, cover up with 
sand; to fool, pump out (a person); utjii> 
JtCHb e — CHJi-b AtTCTo, he has been 
carrying the child all day long; — chxi. 
CH oGymara, I have commenced wear- 
ing my shoes; — ce vpr to be carried; 
to be worn, used; to gape, look stupid; 
— He n commencing using or wearing; 
carrying; drifting; — ceHi. ppp worn a 
little, used a little. 

saHtMiBaMi. vn to grow dumb, be struck 
dumb. 

saHHTHe n trade, occupation, business, 
profession; employment; KaKBO My e 
—TO, what is his business; no — yqH- 
xejib, a teacher by profession. 

aaHHT-b aoccupied, busy, engaged; MHoro 
CbM-b — , I am very busy; MHoro Ct 
— , He He Mowa flja. Bh orroBopH, he 
was too busy to be able to answer your 
letter. 

3ao6HKdjiKa/ V saCuKajiKa. 

saoSMK^jiaMi. va to go around, come 
around; to surround, encircle, enclose, 
envelop, hem in; to talk in a roundabout 
way; to evade 'a. question); — ji^re H3i. 
MepKBara, come around the church; 
TasH n;R.TeKa mhofo — Jia, that path 
winds around a great deal; —Jiiixa ne- 
npHHTeJiH, they surrounded the enemy; 
MHoro — Jiare, you talk in a round- 
about way; MHOro — jiarii Kx.maTa My, 
they frequent his house a great deal; — 
ce vpr to be surrounded, encircled, 
enclosed; to surround oneself; to be 
frequented; — ce ct. npHarejiH, to sur- 
round oneself with friends; — ne n going 
or coming around; surrounding, encir- 
cling; roundabout way; evasion (of the 
law); — K6;ieHi> ppp surrounded, encir- 
cled; enclosed; — K6jiKa / round, tour. 

3ao(5jiaq^Bace imp v it is getting cloudy. 

3ao6.ndqBaM-b va to commence to dress 
(a person); — ce vpr to begin dressing 
oneself, putting on one's clothes. 

saopdBaM-b va vn to commence plough- 
ing; to drive or stick into (the ground, 
etc). 

sadcrpaM-b va to sharpen, whet a little, 
make pointed; to make (a pen); — ce 
vpr to be sharpened a little, be made 
pointed; — ne n sharpening a little; — 
peu-b ppp sharpened; made pointed; h 



3aOCTpiOBaM-b. 

3adxKaMi> vn to commence groaning, 
crying, saying oh or ah. 

san^AaM-b vn to begin to fail, decline, 
grow poor; to deteriorate, decay, break 
down; to3h rpaA-b — Aa, that city is 
on the decline; — ne n failing, declia- 
ing; decline; decaying, decay; — aaA-k 
ppp H a grown poor, ruined, broken 
down (merchant), dilapidated (city). 

3^naA'b m west, Occident; sunset; na — , 
in the west; kimt. — , towards the 
west, westwards; ott. — ki>mi> hc- 
TOK-b, from west to east; — ach* a 
west (side), western (hemisphere), wes- 
terly (wind). 

3an^3BaM-b va to preserve, save; to 
conserve; to reserve; to protect, shield, 
defend; to hold, keep, retain; — njio- 
Aoae, to preserve fruit; — oti* 3jio, 
to protect from evi'; — bi. yMa, to 
retain, keep in one's memory; Aa Bh 
— 3H Borb, God protect or preserve 
you! — o6paAH, to observe, follow, 
keep up customs; — ce vpr to be pre- 
served; to preserve onesell; to be con- 
served; to be reserved; to be protected; 
to be kept, retained; rtsH Ba3H c;k. 
ce Ao6pt — 3HAH, these vases have 
been well preserved; —He n preserving; 
saving, keeping; retaining; protecting; 
preservation (of health, etc)', conserva- 
tion; maintenance (of order, etc), reser- 
vation (of forests, etc); — aen-b a u 
ppp preserved; conserved; reserved (seat;, 
saved; protected; retained, kept (in 
memory); — 3HTeJieH'b a protecting, 
protective; preserving; conservative. 

3anilABaM'b (-Jia) va to fire, set fire to, 
kindle, light; to enflame, enkindle; — 
orbHb, to make a fire, kindle fire — 
jiaM6a, to light a lamp; — unrapa, to 
light a cigarette; — K;R.ma, to fire up, 
set fire to a house, set a house on fire; 
— ce vpr to take or catch fire; to be 
fired up, be set fire to, be set on fire; 
to kindle, fire, get inflamed; KA(.maTa 
ce e — JiHjia, the house is on fire, is 
burning; — ne n firing, setting on fire, 
setting fire to; kindling, inflaming; 
lighting; — jien-b ppp fired, set on fire, 
set tire to; kindled, inflamed, lighted 
(lamp); — jihmi> a inflammable, com- 
bustible, ignitable; — jiHTejieHi* a for 
burning; for lighting (purposes), com- 



sanaMeTHBaM-b 



148 



3anHCBaMi> 



bustible (materials); kindling, burning; | 
— jiHTCjiT. m kindler, lighter; Incendia- | 
ry, fire-bug; — nijiKa / match, burn- j 
ing match. 

sanaMeTABaMi. va to fix, impress, im- 
print upon one's memory; — ce vprXo \ 
be fixed, imprinted in one's memory; to | 
fix or imprint itself on one's memory; 
— He n fixing or imprinting in ones 
memory; learning by heart. 

aan&pBaM'b va to soak, steep, steam; to 
scald; to oversweat; — ce vpr to be 
soaked, steeped {of a cask, etc); to over- 
sweat oneself, be perspiring; —He n 
soaking, steeping; oversweating; — pcHi. 
ppp soaked, steeped; perspiring. 

3anapT^Ki> m unhatched egg; undevel- 
oped or stinted creature; dwarf. 

aan^cBaiH-b va to gird on or up, girdle, 
belt, girt (a sabre); to put on, stick (a 
pistol) into one's belt; — ce vpr to 
be girded, girt, put on; — ne n girding 
on, putting on; — can-b ppp girded on, 
stuck into one's belt {of a revolver). 

aandcaaMi. vn, — ce vpr to commence 
grazing, feeding, pasturing; OTAasHa 
c*. — JiH, they have been grazing for 
a long time. 

ainacb m reserved troops, reserves; pro- 
visions, supply, reserve; bt. — , in store; 
on the reserve list, in the reserves;— 
ccHT. a of the, reserves, reserve (an army 
of); relay (horses); dead (pulley). 

sanix'b m ado(u)r, smell. 

saneKa v 3anH*iaMi>. 

aan^K-b m constipation, costiveness. 

san^jiTBaMi., — r^MaaM-b vn to stutter, 
stammer, speak with a burr. 

aan^pa va to commence washing (clothes); 
v sannpaMi). 

aan^paaM-b va to spread (one's wings), 
stretch, spead open (one's legs); — ce 
vpr to bristle up one's feathers; to strut 
along. 

aanerdfl / comma (gram); roiKa ct. — , 
semicolon. 

saneTjiflBaM-b va to buckle, clasp, hook 
and eve (a coat). 

saneTHHBaM-b va to blur, blot, blacken; 
— ce vpr to be blurred, blotted; —He 
n blurring, blotting; — h6hi> ppp blurred, 
blotted. 

aincT-b a latched (door), barred; difficult 
(affair). 

aanen^TBaiM-b va to imprint, impress, fix. 



inculcate (in one's memory); to seal up, 
affix a seal; to box up; to commence 
printing; — hhcmo, to seal up a letter; 
to affix a seal to a letter; — bi> yiia, 
to imprint i.i one's memory; — ce vpr 
to be sealed, to be fixed or imprinted 
(in one's memory); to fix or imprint 
itself; — thjio My ce bi> rflasara, he 
has got it into his head; — ne n seal- 
ing (a letter), fixing, imprinting; — Tani. 
ppp sealed up; imprinted, fixed, en- 
graved. 

san^qeH-b a constipated (stomach), co- 
agulated, hardened, clotty, cloddy. 

aanHBaM-b ce vpr to commence drinking, 
begin to drink, give oneself to drinking; 
Toft ce e — OHflT., he has given him- 
self up to drinking. 

aannjiBaiM-b va to file off a little; — ce 
^vpr to be filed off, rubbed off a little; 
'to bo hatched {of chickens); —He n 
filing out a little; — jien-b ppp filed off. 

aaniiHaM-b va to latch (a door), lock, 
bar; vn to catch, hitch, work hard, get 
stuck; to stutter, stammer; v aan-bsaM-b. 

aanHpaMi. va to stop, detain; to hold 
up, pull in (a horse); to arrest, shut up; 
to hold back, take out (a sum;; vn to 
catch, hitch, work hard, get stuck; He 
ro — pattre, don't stop him, don't detain 
him; H-feK^At —pa, it sticks some- 
where, there is a hitch somewhere; — 
np^TC ro, stop him! toH mh —pa 
nerb Jieaa, he keeps back five francs 
out of my account; — ce vpr to be 
stopped; to stop; to be held up, arrest- 
ed; u^e ce — npa e-b Co(|)Hii, I shall 
stop in Sofia; ne ce — paflre, don't 
stop; —He n stopping; stop; — nptni. 
ppp stopped; — p4nKa / brake, stop- 
per; — niipKa / brake, chain-brake, 
shoe (on wheels); stop. 

aanifcsaM-b va to write down, write in, 
inscribe, to note down; to enter (in a 
journal); to enrol, register, matriculate 
(a student;; -ui^re ro HaMOn cM'bTKa, 
charge it on my account; —mere to- 
3H <{)aKT'b, write or note down that 
fact; BCHMKHT-b cryAeHTH Chaoxb — 
HHcaHH, all of the students were ma- 
triculated; — ce vpr to be written or 
noted down, inscribed, be put in writ- 
ing; to enrol or register one's name, 
matriculate oneself ;to be enrolled, matric- 
ulated; to be held back; to give one- 



t» 



self up to writing; —He n writing or 
noting down; enrolling, matriculating; 
enrolment, matriculation; holding or 
keeping back (a sum, etc), charging; 
— bAmt. m registrar, accountant, scriber; 
—caH-b ppp written down; enrolled, 
registered, matriculated; enlisted. 

sAnHCKa / note, billet; — kh p/ memoirs, 
records; — qni^a / dim a small note, 
billet. 

3dnHCHHKi> m note-book, memorandum- 
book, copy-book. 

sinHCB m bill or letter of exchange; 
npoAaBarejiCH-b — , a bill of sale; no- 
mei^CKH — , money-order; — • na aano- 
BtAb, promissory note. 
, sanHTBaM-b va to ask, question, inter- 
i rogate; to inquire, put a question to, 

! make an inquiry, interpellate (in par- 

liament); — ce vpr to be asked, be ques- 
tioned, interrogated, inquired; to be inter- 
pellated; to question oneself; — He n 
questioning, interrogating; interpellating; 
interpellation; — Bdqv m questioner, in- 
quirer; interpolator; — raH-b ppp asked, 
questioned; interpellated. 

saniiqaM'b va to begin to bake (bread, 
etc); to expose (to the sun, etc); to 
coagulate, congeal (blood, etc); to con- 
stipate (the bowels); to dry up, harden 
by drying; — ce vpr to be constipat- 
ed; to clot, clod (o/ the blood); to dry 
up, harden; to bask oneself; — ne n 
constipation (of the bowels); coagula- 
tion; — n^K-bji-b app; — n^iCHi. ppp 
constipated; coagulated. 

sanHiUMBaM-b vn to begin to cry, scream, 
shriek; to cry out, burst forth crying; 
Ati^ara 6%xa — lu-fejiH, the children 
were crying. 

aanHJiii ppp v sanHsaMi.; — ce e, he has 
given himself up to drinking. 

aanifsi v sanHBaM-b. 

sanJidsaMi* vn to commence swimming 
{of an animal), sailing (of a ship). 

aanjiaAHflBaM-b vn to rest, cool off (of 
sheep); to rest, stop working (at noon); 
— sa ce imp v it is getting towards 
noon; — He n resting, cooling off. 

sanji^KBaM-b (-la) vn to begin to cry, 
commence crying or weeping, burst 
forth crying; Karo ro BHAtxa — xa, 
they burst forth crying the moment 
they saw him; aaiuo ere — KajiH xa- 
KHsa, what is all this crying for? 



3anjiaKBaMi> (-na) z'a to rinse a little;— ce 
vpr to be rinsed; —He n rinsing; — 
HaTT. ppp rinsed. 

aanjidra / pay, salary; reward; abcb- 
na — , wages, day's pay; roAHmna 
— , year's pay, salary; xoaa ny e — 
ra aa AoCpHHHTt My, that is the 
reward he gets for his favo(u)rs; — ra 
na rp-fex-bT'b e CMi>pTb, the wages of 
sin is death. 

3an.nAuiBaMi> va to threaten, intimidate, 
frighten; — tt. ph ct. CM-bpr-b, they 
threaten to kill them; camo rn — in^- 
re MajiKo, just scare them a little; — 
ce vpr to be threatened, intimidated, 
scared, frightened; — ne n threatening, 
intimidating; frightening; threat, intim- 
idation; — uieH-b ppp threatened; 
scared; — uihtcjicht. a threatening 
(letter); impending (doom). 

sanjidtuaM-b (-rti) va to pay, pay up, off, 
repay, acquit; to recompence, reward; — 
THX-b My, I paid him up; TptGaa Aa 
My — THMi} 3a rpyAa, we should repay 
him for his services; — H3u-bjio, to 
pay in full; — paauocKHrt, to defray 
the expenses; — ce vpr to be paid, 
repaid, paid off; — ne n paying; — n^a- 
T^H-b ppp paid, paid off; defrayed. 

sanji^CKBaMi. va to begin to clap (hands), 
flap (one's wings), slap; to splash; to 
beat, strike; to throw or stick (in the 
mud, etc), to bedaub, blot; — Kaxa Cb 
p«i;-bT^, they commenced to clap their 
hands (to applaud); — ce vpr to be 
clapped, flapped, slapped; to be thrown 
or stuck; to be bedaubed, besmeared, 
blotted; — ne n clapping, flapping; 
sticking in, into; bedaubing, blotting; 
— Kan-b ppp sullied (picture), bedaubed, 
besmeared; rolled or stuck (in the mud, 
etc). 

sanjiicBaM-b va to throw aside, lay aside, 
mislay (a book); — ce vpr to lounge, 
roll down; to wallow (in the mud); to 
be thrown or laid aside; to stare, gape; 
— Harii / thrown in any old way; star- 
ing, gaping; foolish, stupid; — nji^cb m 
gaper, lounger. 

3anji£TeH-b ppp knitted (of a stocking), 
plaited (of hair); entangled; a difficult, 
complicated (problem); — HOCTb / tangle, 
entanglement, intricacy, complication (of 
a question). 

3An;ieT-b m wattling; plaiting, braiding. 



sanjiHTaMi. 



150 



sanop-b 



plait, tress. 

3an;iHTaM-b va to plait, braid, tress, do 
up (one's hair, etc); to commence knit- 
ting (stockings, etc); to interlace, inter- 
twist; to entangle (yarn;; to involve (in 
a difficulty, etc)); — ce vpr to be plait- 
ed; to be knitted; to be entangled; — 
He n plaiting; knitting; entangling; en- 
tanglement, complicaiion. 

aamnAruMi, vn to stammer, stutter; — 
He n stuttering, stammering. 

sanjiOA^saM'b va to commence propagat- 
ing, to propagate, multiply, raise, increase, 
start a breed; — ce vpr to be propa- 
gated, raised, multiplied; — ne n start- 
ing a breed, propagating; propagation; 
— A^H-b ppp propagated. 

sanjiysaM-b vn to begin to swim; to begin 
to sail (of a ship). 

aanjiKSBaMi. va vn to commence spit- 
ting; to spit at (a person); — ce vpr 
to be spat at; toH 6HAe — tt>, he was 
spat at; — ne n spitting at. 

sanjiioiuJiBaM'b va to crackle (a whip); 
vn to crackle, crack; — ne n crackling, 
cracking. 

sdnna v sanHuaiH'b; — Hari. ppp. 

sanoBtABaMi. va to command, order, 
bid, enjoin; to dictate; B-bpuiere KaK- 
TO Bh — , do as I tell you to; KaKTO 
— Aare, as you wish; mo — re, what 
is your wish or pleasure? Toft mh 
crporo — aa, he gave me strict orders; 
— ^Aafire, help yourself (to a dish, etc,; 
come in! what did you say? — ho e, it 
is ordered, order is given, it is decreed; 
— ce vpr to be commanded, ordered, 
bidden; to be dictated; to be under the 
jurisdiction of; — Aa,no iwy ce e Aa ue 
iiAe njioAoee, he is forbidden to eat 
fruit; — H« n ordering, dictating, bid- 
ding; order, dictation. 

3anoBtAHHK-b m dictator; — qecKH a 
dictatorial, domineering (spirit); ad 
dictatorially. 

s^noB-bAb / command, mandate, order, 
commandment; precept; no uapcKa— , 
by king's order, by order of the king; 
BHCoqafluia — , superior authority, im- 
perial decree; no ina — , by whose 
orders? crpora — , strict command or 
orders; HSAaBaMi. — , to issue an order; 
AeceTbTt —AH, the ten commandments, 
the decalogue; ynaaer-b MOHTt — , keep 



my commandments. 

3an6eH-b ppp soldered; v sanottBaM-b. 

3ano3HdBavi'b va to acquaint, make ac- 
qainted with; to introduce; Aa Bh —a 
c-b Gpara mh, let me introduce you 
(allow me to introduce you) to my 
brother; Ao6pt — uar-b, well acquaint- 
ed, well-posted on, familiar (with a ques- 
tion);— ce vpr to be acquainted, informed, 
familiar ; to acquaint oneself ; to 
make acquaintance; — h^xi. ce cb bchi- 
kh, I got acquainted with every body; 
—He n acquainting, informing; intro- 
ducing (friends); making or cultivating 
acquaintance; — h^ti* ppp acquainted; 
introduced; a familiar with, posted on 
(a subject). 

sanosH^HCTBo n acquaintance; famili- 
arity, knowledge; sjinaaM-b bt. — , to 
get acquainted with, become familiar 
with. 

sandflBaiH-b va to solder, weld (metals); 
— ce vpr to be soldered; — ne n sol- 
dering; — en-b ppp; — n6fiKa/ soldering, 
place soldered. 

3an6flBaM-b va to commence watering 
(cattle, etc). 

3an6MHfOBaM-b va vn to remember, re- 
tain in one's memory, have a strong 
memory; ne iwora Aa — na Toaa, I can't 
commit this, fix this in my memory, 
can't learn this (lesson) by heart; — 
HHxre JiH mo p-feqe rott, did you 
remember what he said? jiecHo — 
Ba, he remembers things easily; — ce 
vpr to be remembered, retained in 
one's memory, committed to memory, 
learned by heart; M;K.qHO ce — aa, it 
is hard to remember; it is difficult to 
commit to memory; — ne n remember- 
ing; committing to memory, learning 
by heart;— HeH-bpp/? remembered; com- 
mitted to memory; within the memory. 

3an6nBaM-b va to ordain (priest), ordain 
to the priesthood; — ce vpr to be 
ordained; — ne n ordaining, ordination, 
imposition of hands; — nem. ppp or- 
dained. 

3an6pKa / bar, rail, cross-bar; bolt, 
clinched end of a bolt; transom (artil). 

3andp'b m attachment, sequestration, dis- 
training, arrest {of property), interdic- 
tion; constipation (of the bowels): dam, 
sluice, lock; noAi. — , interdicted, 
attached, suspended; Ha^araM-b— , to put 



sanocTHM'b 



151 



sanpeTflBaMi. 



an arrest (on a property); crpaAaM-b oti> 

— , to suffer of constipation. 

3an5cTiiMi> va to commence fasting; — 
THAI, ppp commenced fasting. 

sandTBaM-b va to cause to sweat or 
perspire; — ce vpr to sweat, perspire; 
— He n sweating; perspiration; — t^h-b 
ppp sweating, perspiring, dripping with 
sweat. 

aandnsaM'b (-na) va vn to begin, com- 
mence, start, set about, set on; — naxa 
paGoTara, ttiey commenced to work; 
OTT> Koro Aa —Ha, with whom shall I 
begin first? — nax-b ^a qeraKHHrara, 
I have commenced reading 'the book; 
Bhc — h^tc, you begin, start, com- 
mence; CABaiM-b G-fex-b — Ha;ii>. I had 
barely begun, commenced; — ce vpr 
to be begun, commenced, started; cko- 
po me ce — ne SAaHHero, the erec- 
tion of the building will soon commence; 
—He n commencing, beginning, start- 
ing (a business); inception; undertaking, 
enterprise; — nar-b ppp commenced, 
begun. 

sano^saM'b v sanoflsaiM-b. 

sdnpa V sanHpaM-b. 

aaopdetiM-b va to commence work on 
some thing, begin making, start doing; 
— 3AaHHe, to commence building a 
structure; OTAasHa e — eeH-b, they have 
been a long while building it; utjii. 
AeHT. ere ro — bhjih, you have been 
doing it (been at it) the whole day long. 

sanp^SHflM'b vn to fill, take (room), oc- 
cupy (space); — ne n filling, taking, oc- 
cupying; — HeHT> ppp lilled, taken, oc- 
cupied. 

sanp^uiBaM-b va to powder, besprinkle 
with powder, cover with dust; to com- 
mence hoeing; — ne n powdering, cover- 
ing with dust; — mem. ppp besprinkled 
with powder or dust; dusty. 

3an pdmaMi. z/a to begin to send; to send, 
sling, fling or hurl away; — ce vpr to 
be flung, slung, sent away {of an arrowy, 
— He n sending or slinging away; — 
TCHb ppp sent or slung away. 

sanpMAaiM-b va to begin to spin, com- 
mence spinning; to spin into; — ce 
vpr to be spun; to begin spinning, spin 
long; —He n spinning; — nptAem. p/jp 
spun into. 

3anpHK^3BaM-b va vn, — ce vpr to 
commence talking.engage (one) in conver- 



sation, get into talking; rt c*. ce — 
aajiH. they are busily engaged in con- 
versation. 

sanpHaiiqaM-b vn to begin looking like; 
to look like, appear like, resemble; 
Toft MH — q^Ba na 6paTa mh, he looks 
a little like my brother, resembles my 
brother a little; — hc n looking like, 
resembling (a little); — q^ji-b e na cra- 
peui., he is looking like an old man. 

sanpHMqaaMi. (-qa) va to catch, ensnare, 
corner; to nab, trap (an enemy); — ce 
vpr to be ensnared, trapped; — hc n 
catching, ensnaring, cornering; — qeHT> 
ppp caught, esnared, trapped, hemmed. 

3anpHm<iM-b va to blister, raise blisters; 
to block, close, shut up; — ce vpr to 
blister, be blistered; to be blocked up, 
closed; — meni. ppp blistered (hands, 
etc); blocked, dammed {water). 

sanpiraM-b va to begin to yoke (oxen), 
harness (horses), put to; — ne n yok- 
ing, harnessing. 

sanpiji-b app, — nptn-b ppp v sanHpann.. 

sanp-bTBaiH-b (-na) z/a to turnup or back 
{of sleeves, etc); to bury, inter, put in; 
— ce vpr to be turned up or back; to 
turn up or back; to get ready, start (work- 
ing); to be buried; — ne n turning up 
or back; burying; — raHi. ppp turned 
up or back; buried; with the sleeves 
turned up. 

sanp-bTHTeJib m prohibitor; abolitionist; 
— jieHT» a prohibitive, prohibitory, in- 
terdictive, interdictory; —ho n prohi- 
bition, interdiction, arrest (of property). 

sanpeTHBaiH-b, — m^Baiwb va to forbid; 
to prohibit, ii.terdict, enjoin; — Bh 
Aa MH roBopHTe noseqe,! forbid you 
to speak to me any longer; hhkoH hc 
MOH^e mh — th, no one can stop me 
(from); — t6ho e, it is forbidden, inter- 
dicted; nymeneTO e — Teno, smoking 
is forbidden, no smoking; — ce vpr to 
be forbidden, prohibited, interdicted, 
enjoined; — sa Bh ce noAT" CM-bpTHO 
HaKasaHHe, you are forbidden under 
penalty of death; — Ba My ce Aa HAe 
njiOAOBe, he is forbidden to eat fruit; 
—He n forbidding, prohibiting, inter- 
dicting, enjoining (& person trom); v 
sanptmeHHe; — nptx^H-b ppp h a 
forbidden (tree, etc), prohibited, inter- 
dicted, enjoined. 



sanp-fcHsaM-b 



152 



sapaiKAaM'b 



sanptisaM-b va to bar up, stop, block 
up, obstruct, shut, close up; He — Bafire 
yjiHuara, don't block up the street; — 
ce vpr to be barred, stopped, obstruct- 
ed, blocked up; —He n barring up, block- 
ing up, obstructing; —qeH-bppp barred, 
blocked, stopped up, obstructed. 

sanycT^BaM-b vn to become desolate, 
barren, deserted; —He n becoming de- 
solate; depopulation; desolation; — rtji-b 
ppp desolated; a desolate, deserted, 
desert, waste; — rtjiocTb/ desolateness, 
gloominess, gloom. 

aanyui^jiKa / stopper; cork, bung; plug, 
stopple; uiHuiero H-feMa— , the bottle is 
without a stopper or cork. 

sanyuiBaMii va to stop up, cork, bung, 
plug up, close up; to stuff up, choke 
up; to obstruct; to fill (a canal); — uih- 
uie, to cork a bottle; — H-faKOMy ye- 
rara, to close up or shut up one's 
mouth; — ui^re ch yuiHrt, stop up 
your ears; — ce vpr to be stopped, plugged 
corked, closed up; to be obstructed; 
KBHajiiTb ce e — lUMji-b, the canal is 
stopped up; — ne n stopping up, shut- 
ting up; corking, closing up, choking; 
obstructing; obstruction; — uieni. ppp 
stopped up, corked {of a bottle); ob- 
structed {of a street)^ filled, closed up 
{of a ditch). 

sanyuisaM-b va vn to commence to 
smoke; to begin smoking or fuming; to 
light up (a cigar, etc); — ce vpr to 
smoke, fume, be smoky; — He n smok- 
ing; lighting up (a cigar); — uieH-b a 
smoky; suffocating; close (room). 

3an'i>(H)BaMi> va to hitch, hook, catch, 
latch (a door), cock 'a gun); vn to hitch, 
catch, work hard, move by jerks; to 
stutter, falter; KOJieJiOTO — aa", the 
wheel catches, doesn't work; roft — sa 
Koraro roBopH, he stammers; — ce 
vpr to be caught, latched, barred {of 
a door,; to bar or block oneself (in a 
room, etc); to stammer, stutter; —He n 
-catching, barring, latching; hitching, 
working hard; stuttering; -Hart ppp 
latched {of a door); hitched, stuck; — 
n-bHKa / hitch, catch, pinch. 

san-bprdK-b v sanapraK-b. j 

aanbXTJaaM'b vn to get out of breath, 
become short of breath; to breathe hard, 
quickly; to pant, puff; — He n getting 
out of breath; panting, puffing; — rbjii. 



ppp out of breath, short of breath, 
panting; puffing. 

aan-buiKBaiM-b vn to begin to groan, com- 
mence groaning; to grunt. 

san'feBaM'b va vn to begin to sing, com- 
mence singing; to burst into singing, 
strike up a tune; — n-kflre mh sa cra- 
pHT-fc repoH, sing to me of the old 
heroes; — ntiiTe hh H-feKoti ntceub, 
give us a song, sing us a song or a 
tune; BHKna h — nt, he raised his 
voice and commenced to sing; —He n 
intonatioit; rofl — ntJi-b orb paAOcxb, 
he had burst into singing for joy. 

sania-b m intonation. 

san^HBaM-b va to froth, spume, lather; 
— ce vpr to begin to foam, troth; — 
He n foaming, frothing; — hchi*, — 
HHJi-b ce, foaming, frothing, covered 
with froth or foam, spuming. 

aan^TBaiM-b ce vpr to set about, seiout, 
start for, be bound for; 3a KA^.^'b ere 
ce — TH.nH, whither are you going? 
where are you bound for? — thjit. ce, 
set about. 

3apa v sapn. 

3apa66TBaM-b va vn to commence work- 
ing, begin work, start working; — ce 
vpr to give oneself up to work; HMa mt- 
ceuT> KaK-b e -thjit., there is a month 
since he has been working; cera ce e 
Beqe -thjit., now he has begun work- 
ing in earnest. 

3ap^BHH)BaMT> VQ to level, make level 
or even, level up, fill up (a ditch); — 
ce vpr to be levelled up, made even; 
to be filled {of a canal); — ne n level- 
ling; — neHT. ppp levelled. 

Sap^BHMT. V 3apHBaMT>. 

sap^ABaMT. va to gladden, cheer, delight; 
Ta3H B-bcTb Me — aa, this news glad- 
dened me, cheered me up, gave me 
joy, made me rejoice; — ce vpr to 
rejoice, be glad, be delighted; t* ce — 
aaxa KaTO me BHA'bxa, they were very 
pleased to see me; — ne n cheering, 
gladdening; — BanT. ppp glad, filled 
with joy, happy, pleased. 

sapaAT., —AH conf for the sake of, be- 
cause of, on account of, for; — uero, 
on his account, for his sake; — XpHcra, 
for Chirst's sake; — neroBOTO Miwe, for 
his name's sake. 

3ap^>KAaMT> va vn to begin bearing (fruit. 



aapasa 



153 



sapouias-bBaM-b 



eic); to be about to give birth; to beget, 
give birth, bring forth, bear; Koraro 
— jia, when she was confined (to bed), 
when she was giving birth (to a child); 

— ce vpr to be born; to be produced. 
aap^sa / contagion, contagious disease, 

infection, epidemic; pest. 

3apa3iiTejieHi> a contagious (disease), in- 
fectious, pestilent, pestilential; —ho ad 
contagiously; — hoctb/ contagiousness, 
infectiousness; — tcjib m infecter, trans- 
mitter of disease. 

aapasK^seaM-b va vn to commence to 
relate, tell, narrate, recount. 

aapaa^aaM-b va to infect, taint, attack; 

— ce vpr to be infected, catch (a dis- 
ease); BCHqKH ex. — 3eHH OTl. (SjiaTHa 
TpecKa, all of them are victims of ma- 
laria; —He n infecting; infection; — pa- 
3^HT. ppp infected; suffering from, vic- 
tim of. 

adpaHb / morning; yrpt — , to-morrow 
morning; Bqepa — , yesterday morning; 
BctKa — , every morning; ua — ra, in 
the morning. 

aap^CTBaM-b (-na) vn, — ce vpr to heal, 
close, be skinned over, cicatrised (-trized) 
{of a wound); panara e — najia, the 
wound has closed up, skinned over; — 
He n cicatrisation; — nari. ppp healed 
up, skinned over. 

aapeBjlBaM'b vn to begin to cry (like a 
child), roar (like a lion), roar, bellow; 
A^uara 6txa — jih, the children were 
crying. 

aap^WAaiMi va to range, put in a row, 
tile; to alternate; — ce vpr to be put 
in a row, filed, ranged; to take turns, 
alternate; — ne n filing, ranging; alter- 
nating; alternation; — p^^a / row, file, 
line; — p^ACH-bppp ranged, filed; alter- 
nated. 

sap^KBaM-b (-Ka) v aapHqaM-b; — p6- 
qeHT. ppp. 

3iipeKi> m vow, solemn promise. 

aapaaBarqiifl mt green-grocer; — Hckh a 
green-grocer's, of a green-grocer; vege- 
table; — HHHi^a / vegetabe shop, green- 
grocer's shop. 

3ap3aBdT'b V sejieHqyKi.. 

3ap3ajiHa / apricot. 

aapHBaM-b va to inter, dig in, bury; to 
hide (money, etc) in the ground; — ce 
vpr to be dug in, interred, buried; to 
be hid in the ground; to bury oneself 



in, burrow; — hc « interring, digging 
in, burying; hiding; — cht., — tt. ppp 
interred, buried; levelled, filled (of a 
ditch). 

sapHA^BaM-b z/n to begin to lament, wail, 
commence wailing, lamenting; T-fe 6-bxa 
—AH 3a cBOHT-b n3ry6eHH, they were 
lamenting their lost ones. 

sapHHBaM-b va to begin to shovel; to 
shovel up, dig in, cover up; to over- 
whelm with; — ce vpr to l)e shovelled, 
raked up; to be dtg in, bury oneself 
in, burrow; — ce cb pa6oTa, to be 
overwhelmed with work;— He« shovel- 
ling, raking; burying in; overwhelm- 
ing; — HBT-b ppp dug in, buried; 
overwhelmed (with business^; filled (of 
a canal). 

3apHqaM'b ce vpr to swear off, vow; to 
promise, pledge one's word, take avow, 
bind oneself by an oath; — p^Koxi. ce 
Aa He nHH, I swore off drinking; — 
p^KiJiiice eAaro y6He,he has vowed 
to murder him; — ne n swearing off, 
vowing, taking a vow; — p^qen-b ppp 
sworn off, taken a vow, pledged. 

sapd^BaiH-b va to take prisoner, make 
captive, capture; to enslave, reduce to 
bondage; BcnqKH 6txa — Cchh, all of 
them were taken prisoners; — ce vpr 
to be taken prisoner, be made captive 
or a slave; to be enslaved; to plod, toil, 
work like a slave; — fiHX-b ce sa Hero, 
I have become a slave on his account; 
—He n capturing, enslaving; enslave- 
ment, capture; subjection; — (SenHK-b m 
captive, slave, prisoner; — Cen-b ppp 
taken prisoner, made captive; enslaved; 
oppressed, down-trodden (people). 

3apo6yBaMi> vn to begin working as a 
slave; to commence working or toiling 
hard. 

sapdBHM-b V sapHBaMi); — bchi. ppp. 

3ap6AHui-b m germ, ovum, embryo, em- 
bryon (anat), corcul (bof). 

sapoAH V 3apa>KAaM-b. 

3ap6HBaMi> va to begin to pick ''grain, 
etc), crumble; to commence shedding 
(tears, etc); — ce vpr to drop, crum- 
ble; to be shed; -ne n picking (grain, 
etc), crumbling; shedding, letting fall. 

3apocflBa imp v it drizzles, a drizzling 
rain is falling, it is sprinkling lightly. 

3apouiaB'bBaM-b vn to grow shaggy. 



aapyMCHflBaM-b 



154 



SaCHHflBaM-b 



3apyMeH/iBaMi> v saqepsHsaM-b. 

aapiceaM-b va to commence sprinkling, 
begin to sprinkle; — ea imp v it is 
drizzling {of rain, etc); — ce zipr to be 
besprinkled; —He n sprinkling; — ceHi. 
ppp besprinkled. 

aap-feasaM-b va to begin to cut (bread, 
etc); to cut in, into; to notch; to abandon, 
forsake, bolt, rat (a party, etc); — ce 
vpr to be cut; to be cut in, notched; 
to be abandoned; — hc n cutting; cut- 
ting in, notching; abandoning; — 3aHT> 
ppp cut in, notched; left (pop/, — Ka / 
notch, cut, scratch. 

sipiuiBaiM-b va to commence combing; 
— ce vpr to begin to comb oneself; 
i^-feji-b qacT. ce e — iunjn>, he has been 
combing himself now for an hour. 

3ap4 / ray, beam; CJii.HqeBa — , sun- 
t)eam; yxpcHHa — , dawn. 

3apA6BaMi> va to border, hem Oinen, 
etc); to notch, cut in (wood, etc); — ce 
vpr to be bordered, hemmed; —He n 
bordering, hemming; — Cen-b ppp with 
a border, having a hem, hemmed. 

3ap;R.K^, — p*MKa ad by the hand; Bse- 
MaM-b — , to take by the hand; p«.Ka 
— Ka, hand-to-hand. 

3ap;flqBaM'b va to bespeak, order; to re- 
quest, instruct, charge, commission; — 
qax-b CH Kaxi. apexn, I ordered me a 
suit of clothes; — qa mh ^a Bh npt- 
AaM-b THBa nHCMO, he requested or 
commissioned me to deliver this letter 
to you; — ce vpr to be ordered; — ne 
nordering, bespeaking; requesting charg- 
ing; — qaHT> ppp ordered 

3acdiiia / ambush, ambuscade, lying-in- 
wait; H3T> — , from an ambush, Irom 
behind; SHsaMt. bt, — , to lie in-wait 
for (a person). 

3aci>KAaM-b (-as) vn to plant, set; — ce 
vpr to be planted; — ne n planting 
(trees, etc); — aen-b ppp planted. 

3acBaTHBaM-b va to betroth, form a re- 
lationship through marriage. 

3acBHA'fiTeJiCTByBaM-b va to certify, tes- 
tify, bear witness, attest; to authenti- 
cate (a signature); to present (one's res 
pects); HHe, n.'>nynoji,nvic\nnT'k, —me, 
we, the undersigned, do testify, certify 
or bear witness; — ce vpr to be certi- 
fied, testified, attested; — ne n certify- 
ing, testifying; certification, authenti- 



cation; — HT» ppp certified, attested. 

sacBHpBaM-b vn to commence whistling, 
piping; to begin playing (on the piano, 
etc). 

3acBHpKBaM-b vn to whistle (from time 
to time). 

aacer^ ad for the present, for the time 
being. 

saceMBBM-b vn to sit, be in session, hold 
sittings; cera — tt., they are in session 
now; —He n sitting, holding session or 
sittings; — a^hhc n session, sitting; Ha 
—HHe, in session. 

aaceA^rejib m assessor; c^Ae6eHi> — , 
juryman. 

3aceAflBaM-b ce vpr to stay long, remain 
or stick long in one place; ne mojkc 
OA ce —AH ua eAHO MtcTO, he can 
never remain in one place long. 

aac^jiBBM-b va to people, colonise (-nize), 
settle; — ce vpr to settle, take abode, 
be domiciled; oxAaBHa c«. ce — jihah 
xyKa, it is a long time since they have 
settled here; —He n peopling, colonis- 
ing, settling; colonisation; — jieHOCXb / 
populousness; — JiHiue n settlement, col- 
ony; — JieuHKb m settler, colonist, new- 
comer; — jieHT» ppp H a peopled (city), 
inhabited, colonised; settled. 

3acHjiBaM-b va to give a start, accele- 
rate, quicken (the motion of;; to strength- 
en, promote (a business, etc); — ce 
vpr to make a start, hasten, rush, make 
a dash towards; to pick up, recover, 
grow strong; to be accelerated, quick- 
ened {of motion, etc); to be promoted; 
to be reinforced, strengthened {of an 
army, etc); — Ji6xe ce, take a long start 
(in running), exert yourself; nauiaxa 
apMHH ce Gt — cHJiHJia npoxHBb ue- 
npHHxe;ifl, our army was rushing to- 
wards the enemy; —He n gi/ing a 
start, accelerating, quickening; strength- 
ening, encouraging, promoting; promo- 
tion (of commerce, etc). 

aacuneH-b ppp h a quickened, accelerated 
(movementj; rushing, running at great 
speed; strengthened; — chjicho ad at a 
great speed, with acceleration, with 
force; — Hocxb / acceleration, impetus, 
force 

sacHHHBaM-b va to blue, dye or make 
b'ue; — ce vpr to be blued or dyed 
blue; to look blue, turn blue (in a cry- 
ing fit). 



sacHnsaM-b 



155 



SaCMHBHM'b 



sacHnsaM'b va to strew, besprinkle; to 
cover over, level, fill up (a canal, etcy, 
to pour out, dip, ladle (soup, etc); to 
heap up, overwhelm; — ce vpr to be 
strewed; to be lilled up; — hc n strew- 
ing; filling up; — nan-b ppp strewed; 
filled up, levelled. 

siCHnii m a filled up place, alluvial de- 
posit; firing-pan (of a cannon). 

3acHpBaMi> va to curdle, curd; — ce 
vpr to curdle, curd; to be curdled; to 
clot {of bloody, —Hen curdling; — peHi> 
ppp curdled. 

3acHpOMauiHBaM-b vn to grow poor; rt 
CM MHoro — ui^jiH, they have grown 
very poor. 

aacHTiiM-b, — maM-b va to satiate; to sat- 
isfy; — ce vpr to be satiated, sated, 
glutted; to take one's lill, glut over, 
glut oneself with; toH hc mokc Aa 
ce — CHTH, he can't eat enough, noth- 
ing can appease his hunger; — tchi. 
ppp satiated, sated; satisfied; saturated 
(chemy, —man en satiating; satiety; sat- 
urating; saturation. 

sacHMaM-b va to cut in, into, make a cut; 
to notch; vn to stutter; to commence 
to cut; — ce vpr to be cut in, into; to 
be notched; to hitch, overreach, cut {of 
horsesy, —He n cutting, in, into; hitch- 
ing, overreaching {of horses); — cfeweHi. 
ppp cut in, into; notched. 

sacKdqaMb vn to begin to jump, hop, 
dance (for joy). 

sacKHTaM-b vn to begin to wander, roam, 
stroll about; to give oneself to roaming; 
Utjia roAHHace e — Taji-b,he has been 
wandering now for a whole year. 

sacKpHnTHBaM-b v sacK-bpuBaM-b. 

3acK;KnBaM-b (-na) vn to grow dear, be- 
come dear, rise in price. 

sacjiaAHBaM'b va to sweeten, make sweet- 
er, edulcorate; — ce vpr io be sweetened; 
to delight in, please oneself; — ne n 
sweetening; — a^ht. ppp | sweetened; 
H 3ac.na>KAaM-b. 

sacJiaHaMii va to screen, shide, cover 
up; to shield, protect; — ce vpr to be 
screened, shut, covered up, shaded; to 
screen, hide oneself, take refuge; — 
CJiOHHx-b ce noA'b caho a'i»Pbo, 1 took 
refuge under a tree; — hc n screening, 
shading, covering; protecting; protection, 
refuge; — cjiohcht. ppp screened; pro- 
tected. 



3ac;i6Hi> m screen, shade, cover, shelter; 
refuge, protection; noA'b —Ha na to- 
noBCT'b, under cover of the guns; y 
Hero noTi>pcHX-b — , I sought shelter 
with him, 

sacjiyra / desert, merit; service, favo(u >r; 
no — , according to merit; 3a — , lor 
merit or service; qp'bs-b — , by merit, 
by service; — cnp-feMO oreiecTBOTO, 
service rendered to the country; Toaa 
e Monra — , that is my desert or re- 
ward, that is what I get by it. 

3acjiyryBaM'b vn to begm to serve, com- 
mence to work as a servant, be in the 
service of; OTAasna cbM-b My — saji-b, 
I have been in his service now for a 
long time. 

sacjiyMCBaiM-b, — >K^BaM-b va to merit, 
deserve, be worthy of, earn; toH — sa 
noxBajiHTt, he deserves to be praised, 
is worthy of the praises; He — Ba xosa 
M-fecTO, he is not worthy, does not de- 
serve, that place or position; ne —Mb 
TOBa OTT* Bac-b> I don't deserve this 
from you; ne ch — Ba xpyAa, it isn't 
worth while, it isn't worth trying; xofl 
e — iKHJii. Ha oreMecrBOTOcH, he has 
done service to his country; — un> pres 
p deserving, meriting; — >KM.ii-b a n ppp 
deserved, merited, earned; deserving, 
meriting, worthy of. 

3acAy>KeHi> a merited (punishment), due 
(rewardj, deserved, very worthy; — ho o 
deservedly, deservingly, worthily, fitly; 
— HOCTb / desert, merit 

3acA-kn£H-b a blind; dazzled; deluded, in- 
fatuated, fascinated; ignorant; —ho ad 
blindly; — HOCTb / blindness. 

sacjitmireJieH-b a blinding, dazzling; — 
HO ad dazzlingly; — HOCTb / dazzling 
effect, dazzle 

3acji'kn^BaM-b va to blind, dazzle; to in- 
fatuate; 3JiaTOTO — Ba OKOTO, gold 
dazzles the eye; — ce vpr to be blinded, 
dazzled (by the light); to be infatuated 
(with love;; — ne n blinding, dazzling; 
infatuating; infatuation; — h^ht. ppp 
blinded, dazzled; infatuated; — nea-b OTi. 
uiacTHero en, dazzled by his good 
fortune. 

3acMHBaM-b va to causeto smile, make fone) 
smile or laugh, excite laughter, mirth; 
— ce vpr to smile; — ciw-feitTC My ce, 
give him a smile; — ce noA'b My craKi., 
to^laugh in one's sleeve; CMASara mm 



SaCMOJIIIM-b 



156 



sacTpacTSBaM-b 



ce — CM-t, fortune smiled on me; — 
CMtAi> ce Jko yuiH, all-smiling; — hc/i 
causing to smile, making one (to) smile; 
smiling; — Ka / v ycMHBKa. 

3acM6jiiiM-b va to pitch, tarr; — ce vpr 
to be pitched, tarred; —He n pitching, 
tarring; — jiCH-b ppp pitched, tarred. 

sacMyKsaM-b va vn to commence suck- 
ing, begin to draw in; —He n sucking, 
suction. 

aacM-bpA^BaiMi. vn to begin to smell or 
stink. 

sacM-bpKBaM-b va to commence to draw 
in through the nose, take in (snuff); vn 
to begin to snort, snore (in sleep). 

sacMtBaM-b v sacMHsaM'b. 

aacM-feH-b a smiling (face), radiant, joyous, 
pleasant; —ho ad — ly; — HOCTb / smil- 
ing face, expression of joy. 

sacHOBiBaM-b va vn to begin warping, 
weaving; to coil (a rope); to move to 
and tro, roam about. 

aacdJiBBM-b (-Jiti) va to salt, salt a little; 

— ce vpr to be salted, made salty; to 
take a little salt; — ne n salting a little; 
— flCH-b ppp salted. 

sacndBaitfb, — cnHBam-b va to fall asleep, 
go to sleep; — hc n falling asleep, going 
to sleep; —cniiXh. ppp fallen asleep, 
gone to sleep. 

3acn^jii> a sleepy, asleep; slow, sluggish; 

- Jio ad sleepily; sluggishly, stupidly; 
— jiocTb / sleepiness; sluggishness. 

3acpdMBaM-b va to shame, abash, make 
ashamed, put to shame; to confuse, con- 
found, humble; TOfl ro — mh nptAi} 
BCHqKK, he put him down in the pres- 
ence of all; Bne hh — MMxre Cb Ba- 
uiero noBCAeHHe, you made us blush, 
covered us with shame, by your behav- 
iour; — ce vpr to be ashamed, feel 
abashed; to get confused; — m^re ce, 
arn't you ashamed! — ne n shaming, 
putting to shame; feeling ashamed, get- 
ting abashed, confused; — mchi* ppp 
ashamed, abashed, put to shame; con- 
fused. 

3acT^BaM-b vn to pose, take one's stand, 
assume a position; to lag behind, halt, 
linger, straggle; rt — naxa na KOjit- 
hh, they stood or fell on their knees; 
Tofle MHoro — Haji-b BvypouHxt ch, 
he \i kit very much behind his stud- 
ies; Tt -naxa ^a ro qaKarb, tfiey 



lagged or remained behind to wait for 
him; — ne n posing; lagging, lingering, 
remaining behind; — Ha;ii> ppp stand- 
ing, posing; lagging behind, straggling 
(soldier, etc), lingering, back (in one's 
studies). 

sacT^BaM'b va to force, constrain, compel, 
oblige; — BHXb ro Aa Kaxce HCTHuara, 
I made or compelled him to tell the 
truth; — ce vpr to be forced, com- 
pelled, constrained, obliged; — ne n forc- 
ing, obliging, compelling, constraining; 
coercion; —Bern, ppp compelled, o- 
bliged (to do a thing). 

aacTaptaaM-b vn to get or grow old; to 
become stale (o/ bread); — p'lji'b a grown 
or become old; become stale, stale 
(bread ; inveterate. 

aacrer^jiKa / clasp, hook, hasp; brace. 

aacT^rna v aacT-feraM-b. 

aacTHBaM-b v aacTHMBaMi*. 

aacTHraM'b (-na) va to overtake, catch 
up, reach, come up with, join (a person); 
— naxMe th no n^THf we overtook 
them on the way; Tofl —Ha KJiaca ch, 
he caught up with his class; cKopo uie Bh 
— na, I will soon join you; — ce vpr 
to be overtaken, caught up, reached; — 
He n overtaking, catching up; — Hari. 
ppp overtaken. 

aacTHJiaiMii va to spread over, strew, lay 
on, cover; to make a ceiling over; — 
ce vpr to be spread over, strewed, laid 
on, covered; —He n spreading, strew- 
ing, laying over; — Ka / bedding (for 
cattle, etc); covering; flooring; — ctjiAht. 
ppp spread over, laid on. 

aacTHHBaM'b vn to cool, congeal; to catch 
a little cold; ueKa -^ne MajiKO, let it 
cool off a little. 

3acT6it m stand-still, rest, dead-set; stag- 
nation; AOKapaaM-b a-b — , to bring to 
a stand-still; npHiMHttBaM-b — , to damp- 
trade {com); counajieH-b — , social stag- 
nancy or stagnation. 

aacTOflBaMi. ce vpr to stop, stay or re- 
main long in one place; to settle in one 
place; HHKaAt neMowe Aa ce — li, he 
can never remain in one place long; — 
si;i-b ce e B-b Co(})Ha, he has settled in 
Sofia lor good; — ^na hjih — ^;ia ce 
BOAa, stagnant water. 

aacrpacT^aaM-b ce vn to grow fond of, 
become fascinated by. 



aacTpauiasaMi. 



157 



3actA'^Hy)BaM-b 



sacTpauiiBaM-b va to threaten, frighten, 
intimidate; — ce vpr to be- threatened; 
—He n threatening; intimidation; — 
m^Hi* ppp threatened. 

sacTpauiHTejieH-b a threatening; —ho ad 
— ly; — HOCTb / fear, dread, threat. 

sacTpHrBaM-b (->Ka) va to begin to cut 
(one's hair), to shear (sheep, etc/, — ce 
vpr to be cut, trimmed {of hair); to be 
sheared (quarter). 

3acTp61iBaM-b, — ^saM-b va to begin build- 
ing; to build up, erect, construct, raise 
up (a structure); to settle; — ce vpr io 
be built up, be covered with buildings; 
— He « building up; settling; — 6ht. a h 
ppp built up; covered with buildings; 
settled. 

sacTpiABaftfb (-jia) va to shoot, execute 
by shooting; — ce vpr to shoot one- 
self; to be shot (dead); — ne n shoot- 
ing; execution by shooting; — ;ieHi> ppp 
shot (dead), shot down, killed with a 
bullet. 

sacTyA^BBM'b va to cool off a little, chill; 
— ce vpr to be cooled, chilled; to cool 
off; to get or catch cold; — Ba ce imp 
V it is getting chilly, it is growing cold; 
— A^H-b ppp cooled off, chilled. 

sacT&prBaM-b (-Ma) va to begin to scrape, 
scour; to begin to plane, make even 
with a plane, turn Con a lathe); vn to 
grate, work hard {of a wheel). 

sacriraM-b va to tighten up, tie up or 
together, bind close, draw close, straiten; 
to pack up, cord; to lace; to brace; — 
BKHTi*, to screw up tighter; — b«.- 
aejiT., to tighten up a knot; — ce vpr 
to be tightened up, be drawn together, 
be tied up; to get in tight, get stuck 
(in a hole); — ne n tightening up, draw- 
ing close or together, tying up; — cr^r- 
Har-b ppp tightened up, drawn up tight; 
stuck tight; braced up, buckled up (of 
a beam, etc). 

3acT^nHHKi> m intercessor, interceder, 
mediator, protector; — HnqecTBO n in- 
tercession. 

sacTAnaaMi. va to lay down, place or 
lay before, present (a question for set- 
tlement, etc); vn to begin to stride; — 
ce vpr to intercede in behalf (of a 
person), take the side of, take one's 
part, defend; roll ce —oh sa MeHe, he 
interested himself in my behalf, he 



helped me out; — ne n laying down, 
presenting; interceding; presentment (o/ 
a matter); intercession; — nen'b ppp 
laid down or before; interceded; pro- 
tected; pleaded for. 

sac^KBaM-b (-qa) va to twist, spin, turn 
up, twirl; to tuck up, turn up or back 
(one's sleeves); — ce vpr to be twist- 
ed, spun, twirled; to twist, spin, twirl; 
to twist oneself; — hc n twisting (a 
thread, etc), spinning; twirling (a ball 
etc); tucking; — qeH-b ppp twisted; 
turned up, tucked. 

sacyKBaM-b vn to commence sucking {of 
a babe, etc); AOcra apfeiwe OTb Karo 
AtTCTO e — Kajio, the child has been 
sucking now for quite a while. 

sacyMT^RaMi. vn to begin to smell, snuff, 
snuff about, sniff. 

sicyxa / dryness, aridity, draught. 

sacyui^BaM-b va to begin to dry, dry up; 
— ce vpr to begin to dry, dry up; to 
be dried up; — ne n drying up; — uieni* 
a partly dreid. 

sacbHysaM-b va vn to comniencedream- 
ing; OT-b AtTHMCTBo e — Ba;n. My- 
3HKa, he has been dreaming of music 
since a child. 

aacipCaaMi. va to begin to sup, sip. 

aac-bpSAsa imp v it is beginning to itch; 
—Me, I have an itching. 

3ac'bx(Hy)BaM-b (-Ha) vn to dry up, with- 
er, fade away; to get dry, feel dry> 
get thirsty (for water, etc); —hc n dry- 
ing up; — HajiT. ppp drying up, wither- 
ing; partly dried. 

aactaaM-b va to begin to sow; to sow, 
sow up; — ce vpr to be sown; — ne n 
sowing; — en-b, — tt. ppp sown. 

3aciB'b m sowing; sowing-time; — Ka pi 
sowing-time; bread-making ceremony 
(the last evening before a wedding). 

aactraiH-b va to touch, concern; Toaa 
He — ra Bacb, that doesn't concern you; 
—He n touching, affecting (one's in- 
terest, etc); — HajiT. app; —Han. ppp 
touched, concerned. 

aacbA^aaM-b v aaceAaaaMi.. 

3aciA(HyB)a.M-b (-na) vn, — ce vpr to 
stay, stop or remain long in a place; 
to get stranded, stuck; to founder (o/ a 
ship); to go down, set {of the sunj; to 
settle, sink down {of earth', etc); va to 



sacltKBaM-b 



158 



38TJI%nflBaM1> 



sit on, upon or over (a thing;; to have 
a choking feeling in the throat, get 
choked; nail-nocjit roil ce — naji-b Ha 
pafSora, he has settled down to work, 
tinally; Kopa6'bT-b — ua 6jih30 ao Bap- 
Ha, the ship ran aground near Varna; — 
He n stopping, staying long in a place, 
settling; getting stranded, running a- 
ground; setting (of the sun); — uaji-b, — 
HaTi> ppp settled; stranded; sat on, 
upon; set (of the sun). 
sactKBaM-b V sacHqaM-b. 
aecbH^BaM-b va to screen, shade, shadow, 
overshadow; — ce vpr to be screened, 
shaded, shadowed;— He n shading, screen- 
ing; — H^H-b ppp screened, shaded. 
aactqen-b ppp v sacHqaM-b. 
saciiqKa / cutting in, scissure, crack (in 

a horse's foot). 
aacA^cKBaM'b vn to commence hissing. 
saT^HBaMi. va to hush up, keep in se- 
cret, hide, secrete; — ce vpr to hide 
or conceal oneself; to be hushed up. 
hidden, concealed; to lie hid or con- 
cealed; — HC n hushing up (matters), 
concealing; concealment; — in-b ppp 
hushed up. 
aaranBaM-b vn to begin to leak. 
saTB^pflMb va to shut, shut up, close; 
— p6Te Bparara, shut the door; Bcnq- 
KHT-b MarasHHH 6HAOxa — peHH, all 
shops were closed or shut up; — ce vpr 
to be shut up, closed; to shut oneself 
up (in a room, etc); aparara ce M^q- 
HQ — pa* the door shuts hard; —He n 
shutting, closing; — radpcH-b ppp shut, 
closed; a shut up, solitary (life); low, 
stupid. 
aaTBdpHHK-bm prisoner; recluse, solitary; 
— >qecKH a prisoner's, of a prisoner; pris- 
on (life), solitary; — qecTBO n prison 
life; seclusion. 
a^TBop-b m prison; jail, gaol; aiqeH-b 
— , life- imprisonment; Ti>MHHqeHi> — , 
close -confinenent; xypann. bt. — , to 
put in prison, imprison, cast in prison; 
— pern, a prison, of prison. 
aaxB'bpAiji'b a hardened, grown stiff or 
callous, indurated, scirrhous; — Jiocxb/ 
hardness, stiffness, callousness; indura- 
tion; scirrhum (med). 
saxB'bpAflBaM'b va to harden, make hard, 
indurate; to establish, make firm, strength- 
en (one's position, etc); — ce vpr to 



be hardened, be made hard, indurate; 
to harden, grow hard; to become ob- 
durate; —He n hardening; strengthen- 
ing; establishment, consolidation (of a 
state, etc); — a6ht. ppp. 
aarer^jiKa / brace, press; clasp, hasp. 
saT^rjisiM-b va to pull, draw; to tow (a 
l>oat), drag; to commence to draw, pull, 
drag; to commence to weigh (things); 
BOJioBeT-b — jiHxa Kojiara, the oxen 
pulled the wagon along; — ce vpr to 
be pulled, drawn; to be weighed; to 
weigh otieself. 
sar^KBaM-b vn to commence to flow, run 

(of water, etc). 
aaT^KBaM-b, — riiqaM-b va to run down, 
corner, hem (an enemy, etc); — ce vpr 
to be run down, cornered;' — He « cor- 
nering, blocking; — r^qem. ppp cornered, 
hemmed, blocked up. 
3aTHK(Hy)BaM-b (-na) va to stop up, cork 
(a bottle); to shove or push into; to 
clog, choke up; — H^re ch ymnrt, 
stop up your ears; — ce vpr to be 
stopped up, corked; sanyuiajiKara ce e — 
HBJia Bi. uiHmero, the cork has got 
stuck in the bottle; — ne n stopping up, 
corking; obstructing; — KdjiKa/ stopper, 
cork, bung; plug; — Hari. ppp stopped 
up; stuck. 
saTHpiiM'b va to drive along, away, off. 
aaTHCKBaM-b va to press, squeeze into; 
to jam, nip, pinch (one's finger); — ce 
vpr to be pressed or squeezed into (a 
hole, etc); to be jammed, nipped, pinched; 
—He n pressing or squeezing into; jam- 
ming, pinching, nipping; —Han. ppp 
squeezed into, stuck; pinched. 
saTHqaMi. vn to begin to run, start run- 
ning, make a run, run for, hasten; va to 
nab; to corner, hem, surround (an en- 
emy, etc); — ce vpr to begin to run, 
commence running, make a run; to be 
cornered, hemmed: xofl AoH^e — qajn. 
ce, he came running; — ne « running, 
run, dash; cornering, nabbing, hemming 
(an enemy); — r^qeni. ppp nabbed, cor- 
nered, hemmed. 
3&TKa V aanymajiKa. 
aaTK^BaiM-b v saT-bKaaaM'b. 
saTJidcKBaMi. va to commence to push, 
jostle, shove; — ce vpr to be pushed, 
jostled; to jostle, storm (of the waves, 
etc ; —He n pushing, jostling; drifting. 
aaTA-bn^aaM-b v BTAinflBaifb. 



sarjiaMsaM-b 



159 



aarpyAHflBaM-b 



saTJiiHsaM-b va to dam (a river, etc); — 
ce vpr to be dammed; — hc n dam- 
ming; — qeH-b ppp dammed. 
aatJiiCTHBaivn. vn to grow fat, obese, 
stout, —He n fattening; fatness, obes- 
ity; — Ttjii. ppp grown fat, obese. 
saTJiieaM-b (-a) vn to begin to smoul- 
der, glow. 
saTMtHHe n eclipse {astr). 
aaTOB^ ad for this reason, on this account; 
that is why; — CMC AomjiH, that is the 
reason of our coming, that is why we 
have come; — jih e bchhko ryfl, why, 
is that the reason for all. this? 
aardiijisiM-b, — jnoBaiw-b vd to warm up, 
heat up, make warm or hot; — ce vpr 
to be warmed or heated; to warm one- 
self, get warm; xy6aBO ce — ji^tc, 
warm yourself well; —He « warming, 
heating; — njien-b ppp warmed up. 
saronRBaM'b va to begin to melt, smelt, 
found, fuse (metals, etc); to begin to 
dip, soak (in water, etc); — nire ch no- 
ne CAH-biKT., try it, just try it {of food, 
etc); — ce vpr to melt {of metals), 
thaw {of snow); to be dipped; CHtr-bTi. 
ce e— nHji-bithe snow has begun melt- 
ing; —He n melting; dipping; — nem. 
ppp commenced melting; dipped. 
saroq^BaM-b va to banish, exile; — ce 
vpr to be banished, exiled; to banish 
oneself; — ue n banishing, exiling; ban- 
ishment, exile; -Hem. ppp banished, 
exiled. 
aaTdqaaiw-b va to sharpen a little, whet, 
give an edge; — ce vpr to be sharp- 
ened a little, be given an edge; —He n 
sharpening, whetting, giving an edge 
to (a knile, etc); — qcm. ppp sharpened, 
honed {of a razor). 
aaroq^tiHe n exile, banishment; npa- 

uiaMi* na — , to banish, exile. 
aardqeuHKi. m exile. 
aarpdKBaM-b va to begin to strike, beat, 
clatter {of rain), clapper, click {of a clock), 
thrum (with the fingers). 
sarpen^pBaM-b vn to begin to tremble, 
shake, shiver (with cold, etc); to throb, 
palpitate {of the heart); — ott, crpax-b, 
to tremble, shake with fear; — ne n 
trembling; — n^pen-b, — piiji-b ppp shak- 
ing, trembling, shivering (with co.'d, etc). 
saTpeHTHBaM'b vn to begin to twinkle {of 
slars), glimmer {of light), glitter; to pal- 



pitate, throb {of the heart); cbPAnexo 
MH 6h — Ttjio OT-b paAOCTb, my heart 
would have begun to beat with joy. 
sarp^CBaM-b ce vpr to shake, quake {of 
a building, etc); to shake, shiver (witn 
cold, etc), to tremble, be trembling (with 
fear, etc); —no ro er he has got the 
chills or the fever again; u-fejiara seMB 
ce 6% — ;ia, the whole earth was shak- 
ing; — cbJi-b ce e OTT. cMtx-b, he is 
shaking. all over with laughter. 
sarpemsiBaM-b va to shove, jam into; vn 
to begin to crackle, crack, crash, roar, 
thunder; to speak loud, cry out aloud; 
Htuio — uit, a crash or crackle was 
heard. 
sarpiiBaM-b va to commence rubbing, 
begin to rub; to begin to saw (wood, 
etC); to rub off, brush off, blot out; to 
do away with, kill; utjrb qacb cai ro 
— rpMJiH, they have been rubbing him 
for a whole hour; HeyCosAaBHsrb My 
CHH-b ro— rpH, his unbridled son killed 
him or sent him to the grave; — ce 
vpr to be rubbed; to be sawed; to be 
done way with, killed; to destroy one- 
self; — enii, — Tb ppp done away with, 
killed. 
3aTp6nBaM-b vn to begin to knock (at a 
door), rattle, make noise; to commence 
to dance, hop; — naji-b ppp. 
sarpyAH^HHe n difficulty, embarrassment, 
perplexity; hindrance, bother, trouble; 
4)HHaHUHajiHO — , financial embarrass- 
ment or difficulty; rypuM-b B-b — , to 
cause embarrassment, cause trouble (to 
one); H3BHHHBaflTe aa —to Koero Bh 
npHqHHHBaM'b, excuse me for the 
trouble I am causing you. 
aarpyAHMTejieHT. a difficult, embarrass- 
ing (circumstances), perplexing; —ho 
ad with difficulty; — HOCTb / perplexed- 
ness, embarrassment, difficulty. 
aaTpyAHHBawb va to make or render 
difficult, embarrass, perplex; to obstruct, 
hinder, impede; vn to become pregnant 
{of women); roll — aa pa6oTaTa ouie 
noaeqe, he makes the work all the 
more difficult; — ce vpr to be embar- 
rassed, perplexed, meet with obstacles; 
to be hindered; paCorara ce — aa, the 
works grows more complicated; —He n 
making or rendering difficult, perplex- 
ing, embarrassing; hindering; v aaxpyA- 
BeHHc; — H^H-b ppp in difficulties, per- 



aarpynBaH-b 



160 



SaTiKlKBaM-b 



plexed, embarrassed; impeded (action); 
a V sarpyAHHTejieHi.; — Htna ppp be- 
come pregnant {of women). 

aarpynsaMi* va to fill up, cover over, 
up; to overwhelm; — cb paGora, to 
overload with work; — ci. sinpocH, 
to overwhelm with questions; — Ka- 
Hajib, to fill up, cover up a canal; — 
ce vpr to be filled or covered up; to 
be overwhelmed; to cover oneself up; 
—He n filling or covering up; over- 
whelming; —ma-hppp filled or covered 
up; overwhelmed. 

aaTpluBaMi* v aaT-bpHflMit. 

aaTpicBaM'b va to begin to shake (a 
treeX jolt, jog, jostle; — ce vpr to be 
shaken, jolted, jostled; to shake, quake 
(of the earth); —He n shaking; shake. 

saTpiSBaMi. vn to be needed, wanted, 
be necessary; — jih My, whenever he 
may have need of me; — Bajii> cbun. 
My, he has no use for me; — sa jih 
Bh Htmo, whenever you may need 
any thing, in case you need anything. 

sarpiSaaMi* va to begin to pick (rice, 
etc). 

3aTpx.6iiBaM-b va to begin to blow the 
trumpet or the horn, commence play- 
ing or sounding the trumpet; — na- 
BctKx.At, to trumpet everywhere; — 
— ce vpr to be trumpeted, sounded; 
—He n trumpeting, blowing the trumpet; 
— 66hi. ppp trumpeted. 

saryit ad v aaroaa. 

saryjiaM-b va to screen, shade, darken, 
hide, obstruct (the light, etc); to stop 
up, cork up (a bottle, etc); — ce vpr 
to be screened, shaded, hidden; to be 
stoppedup;— Hen screening, shading, ob- 
structing; —JieHi»ppp shaded, screened, 
hid, concealed; stopped up. 

aarynBaM-b va to begin to tap (on the 
back, etc); vn to begin to beat, throb 
(of the hearty, CbpAi^ero My — ua 
6-bp)Ke, his heart began beating fast. 

aarynypKaMb vn to begin to stamp, paw 
the earth (of a horse); to begin to thrum 
(with the fingers), to clatter (o///ie raw). 

aariBBMb v aarbnaaMb. 

aarbK^BaMb va vn to begin weaving. 

3aTiK(Hy)BaMb (-na) va to stick in, on, 
or up; to spit; to stop up, cork up (a 
bottle); — ce vpr to stick a flower on 
one's head or coat, adorn oneself with 



flowers; to stick oneself on, fall upon, 
meet with (misfortune, etc); to be 
stopped up; — >He n sticking in, on, up; 
stopping up or clogging {of a pipe, etc); 
putting ou the spit; — narb n stuck, 
spitted (on a spit);adjrned with a flower 
or with flowers. 

aaTbKMHBaMb z;ato beglnto make read v; 
to begin to reckon, make out (a bill, 
etc); — ce vpr to get ready, be getting 
ready; OTAaana ce — MH.iib Aa xoah 
Ha JiOBb, he has a long time been get- 
ting ready to go out hunting. 

aarbjiKjlTBaMb va vn to b^gin interpret- 
ing, explaining, making out. 

aarbMH^aaMb va to darken, obscure, dim; 
to outshine, eclipse, surpass; — ce vpr 
to darken, get dark, grow dark, grow 
obscure; to be eclipsed, obscured {of the 
sun, etc); —He n darkening, obscuring; 
v aaTbMHeHHe; -nenb ppp darkened, 
obscured; eclipsed. 

aariHBaMb vn to begin to sink, go down. 

aarlHTHMb ce vpr to lose oneself, lose 
one's way; to isolate oneself; — renb a 
dark, obscure, isolated, blind (alley), 
dull (place). 

aarbRqiaaMb va to thin out, make thin, 
slimmer, smaller; — cevpr to be thinned 
out, be made thin, thinner; to grow 
thin, fine, slender; — ne n thinning out; 
•leHb ppp thinned out; made thinner. 

aaTbnKBaMb va to trample, over, close 
np (a hole; by treading, beat in (a 
road); to stop up, choke up, stuff up; 

— ce vps to be beaten in, hardened by 
beating or treading upon; to be stopped 
up, choked, stuffed up; —He n beat- 
ing in, hardening by beating; stop- 
ping up (one's ears), choking; — KaHv 
ppp beaten in, hardened; stopped up. 

aarirpHMb va to begin to drag, trail; 

— ce vpr to be dragged, trailed; to 
drag oneself; — ne n dragging, trailing; 
— pcHb ppp dragged, trailed. 

aarirdMb z>ato tighten, draw close; to tie, 
bind fast; — H^re BHaraMajiKo, tight- 
en up the screw a little, screw it up 
tighter; — ci vpr to be tightened; to 
tighten oneself; to be tied, fastened, 
drawn closer; — ne n tightening; — r^r- 
HaTb ppp tightened. 

aar^iKBaMb ce vpr to grow sad, become 
homesick, miss (a friend); — WHXb ce 



sarxniiBaM'b 



161 



saxjiacHarb 



3a AOMa, I felt home-sick; samo ere 
TT.H —JKCHT., why are you so sad? 

saTA^nMsaM-b va to blunt, dull, take off 
the edge; — ce vpr to grow dull, 
become dull; to be blunted, made dull; 
—He n Dlunting, making or growing 
dull; — n^Hi* ppp blunted, made dull; 
grown dull or stupid. 

saysAdBaM-b va to bridle, put the bridle 
on; to check, hold in check; — ce vpr 
to be bridled; —He n bridling; — a6HT> 
ppp bridled; checked. 

aayrpt ad for to-morrow. 

aayuiKa, —HHi^a/ mumps, parotitis {med)\ 
vives {vet). 

3axa6^BaM-b va to blunt, make dull, wear 
out; to waste away, spoil; — ce vpr 
to be blunted, dulled; to be wasted away, 
be spoiled; — ne n blunting, dulling; — 
66H-b ppp blunted, dulled. 

aaxdnaaMi. va to begin to bite; to bite 
into; to snap, snatch; — ce vpr to be 
bitten into; to bite each other {of dogs); 
—He n biting into; — nan-b ppp bitten 
into, held up by the mouth. 

saxannyBaMii va vn to take a bite, eat 
something. 

36xapb/sugar; — ott. useKjio, beet-sugar; 
— OTT. TpT>cTHKa,cane-sugar;cHTeH'b — , 
pulverised (-ized) sugar, powdered sugar; 
— pCH-b a sugar, of sugar; sugary, sweet; 
— HHua / sugar-pot or basin; — poB^- 
pene n sugar-retining. 

3axap6cBaM-b va to saccharify; — ce vpr 
to be saccharified; — He n saccharifying; 
saccharification;— cam. ppp saccharified. 

aaxB^jiaMi. va to begin to praise, extol; 
to excuse; — Bora, to commence prais- 
ing God; naKT. — ;iHttTe, and don't judge 
of us too severely; — ce vpr to be 
praised; to begin praising oneself, boast- 
ing; to threaten, terrify by threats, to 
menace; toH My ce — jih jxa ro y6He, 
he threatens to kill him; — ne n prais- 
ing; threatening; threat. 

3axBduiaM'b (-Ha) va to take, take up, 
occupy, fill; to catch, engage; to begin, 
start, commence, engage in; — 4a 
HrpaHt to begin to play; KjR.iuaTa —ma 
MHoro MtcTO, the house takes up too 
much room or space; — H^re ott. na- 
qajiOTO, begin from the beginning; — 
HajiT. e Bene ^a a^e, he has now be- 
gun to eat; —ma Aa sajiH, it is com- 
mencing to rain; — naxa ro bi. pas- 



roBop-b, they drew him or engagaged 
him in conversation; — ce vpr to 
begin, commence; to start, engage in; to 
catch, take; to take root; to be begun, 
commenced; to be undertaken; to be 
caught; c;iy>K6aTa ce e — uajia, ser- 
vice has begun; ori>iii>T'bce e — Hajii*, 
the fire has begun to burn; He ce — 
maHre c-b raKHBa xopa, don't deal 
or have anything to do with such people; 
—He n taking up, occupying (room, 
space); engaging, starting, beginning; 
commencing; — nar-b ppp taken up, 
occupied, engaged; begun, commenced, 
started. 

saxByq^saiMi. va to throw aside, hurl; 
to mislay; vn to begin to hiss {of a 
goose), whizz {of a bullet); KypmyMH — 
Maxa HaBpeAi>, bullets began whiz- 
zing on all sides. 

saxBbpjiHM'b va to throw aside, cast 
away, off, to hurl; to lay aside, mislay (a 
book, etc)\ „Ha e^na crpana — jihjit. 
nymKa", "on one side his sabre was 
hurled"; — jisi en ntmara A'^to h Aa 
6hjio, he throws his things in any old 
place; KHHrara e HtKAA% — jiena, the 
book is mislaid somewhere; — ce vpr 
to be thrown aside, cast off, away, 
hurled; to be misplaced; — ne/i throwing 
aside, casting, hurling; — jieni. ppp h a 
thrown aside; cast off (clothing); mislaid; 
neglected. 

3axH.nBaMb ce vpr to begin to giggle, 
start giggling; — JiHfl-bceAoymH, smil- 
ing all over. 

aaxHTpysaMb vn to begin playing tricks 
(at games, ^/c), resort to deception. 

aaxHTpHBaiH-b vn to grow acute, cunning 
{of a child); — ptjn> ppp grown acute, 
cunning. 

saxjiaAHBaM-b va to cool off a little; to 
refresh; — ce vpr to cool off a little, 
get cooled; — aa ce imp v it is get- 
ting cool, chilly; — He n cooling; coolness; 
— A^HT. ppp cooled; refreshed. 

3axjidc(Hy)BaM-b ce vpr to forget oneself 
in looking, lose oneself in thought, stare, 
gaze, gape, look stupid; ne ce — aaH- 
re, don't be agaping! don't dawdle! — 
He n gaping, staring, agaping. 

aaxjiacHar'b a staring, gazing, gaping, 
stupid; — TO ad — ly, agape; — toctb 
/ forgetfulness, stupo'ujr, stare. 
saxjidcb m stupo,u)r, slumber, forget- 
11 



saxjienqBaM-b 



162 



3aqeK(Hy)BaMi> 



fulness, staie. 

saxjienqaaM-b va to begin to sob, hic- 
cup; H saxAHnaaM'b. 

aaxjidnsaMi. va to begin to linock, rap, 
tap; H-bKoM — na, somebody is knock- 
ing (at the door, etcy, — na ce, there 
is a knocking, somebody knocked. 

aaxjiyn^itb m cover, lid, top (of a uten- 
sil); jackknife; — qe n dim a small 
jacknife; valvule {anat). 

saxAynBaMii va to covet, put the cover, 
lid or top on; to shut with a clap; — 
Hauiara, to turn the cup down; -- ce 
vpr to be covered, be shut, have the 
cover, lid or top put on; — hc n cover- 
ing, putting on the lid, cover or top; — 
neHT> ppp covered, shut, with the lid, 
cover or top on; clapped. 

saxjiynKa / cover, lid, top; — uh pi a 
wooden bowl with a lid. 

aAxoji-h m setting (of the sun), west; 
water-closet; — cjiiHue, sunset, sun- 
down; — UHKi* m water-closet. 

3ax5}KAaM-b vn to go down, set {of the 
sun); to pass away; cJi-bHuero sattA^, 
the sun went down, hid itself; M-fece- 
qHHara e aauijid, the moon is set; — 
He n going down, setting (of the sun); 
— ui^jiT. ppp gone down, set. 

3ax6KBaM-b va to begin to scold, find 
fault with, 

saxopaTHBaM'b va to begin talking, open 
one's mouth; to engage in conver- 
sation. 

3)xp^HBaM-b (-Ha) va to begin to feed, 
nourish; to fatten (pigs); to begin breed- 
ing, propagating; — ce vpr to be fed, 
nourished; to feed oneself; to be bred, 
propagated (of animals); —Hem. ppp 
fed, nourished; boarded. 

saxpHosaM-b, — xpHnKeaMi* vn to begin 
to jump, hop, frolic. 

aaxpoM^saM-b va to begin to limp, hobble, 
walk lame. 

saxpycKsaivf-b vn to crack,- crackle, crunch; 
to grit. 

3axy6aBHBaM-b vnto begin to look pretty, 
grow pretty, become goodlooking; TOft 
e — Btji-b, he has become goodlooking. 

aax'&pKBaM'b vn to begin to snore, start 
snoring; to have a rattling in the throat, 
be seized with the death rattle; bch^kh 
6-fexa — KajiHf all of them were snoring. 

saitdnBaMi. va to soil, dirty, besmear, 
bedaub, slabber; — naxre KaprHHara, 



you soiled the picture; — ce2,vpr to 
be soiled, dirtied, besmeared, blotted; to 
soil, dirty or bedaub oneself; JiecHO ce 
— Ba, it easily gets soiled or dirty; — 
He n soiling, dirtying, besmearing, blot- 
ting; — nan-b ppp soiled, dirtied; blot- 
ted; a dirty. 

sauapysau-b vn to begin to regn, rule; 
to conience reigning, ruling; HMa ABa- 
Accexb roAHHH oxb KaK-b e —at., 
it is twenty years since he began 
reigning. 

3ai;BHJiiiM'b m to commence to neigh, 
begin neighing. 

sauHusaM-b vn to begin to suck, com- 
mence sucking. 

sau'bBTflBaM-b vn to begin to bloom, blos- 
som, flower. 

sauipKBaM-b vn to begin to squirt (of 
wafer); to begin to chirrup, sing (of birds). 

sau'bjiyBaM'b va to begin to kiss, com- 
mence kissing; — saxa ce, they began 
kissing each other. 

3autnBaMi> va to begin to split (wood, 
etc), cleave, cut open, slit, crack; to 
stick into, hook, catch; — ce vpr to 
be split, cut open; to cleave, stick tight; 
—He splitting; cleaving; cleavage; — 
nen-b ppp split; cleft; stuck into. 

saqaAHBaM-b v 3aAHMflBaM'b. 

saq^Jio n begining; v Haqajio; — flern. 
a V naqajien-b. 

3aBqdc'b ad at once, right away, quickly, 
this minute; HanpaBcre ro — > do it 
right away; we ro nanpaBH — , I shall 
do it in no time. 

aaq^THe n conception; beginning; 6e3- 
cbMeHO — , immaculate conception; B-b 
caiHOTo — Ha A'b lOTO, at the very 
beginning of the atiair; — T-bK-b m 
beginning, start, inception. 

saq^BaiMb va to begin, commence, start, 
undertake; vn to conceive, become preg- 
nant; — ce vpr to be begun; to be 
conceived; —He n beginning; conceiv- 
ing; — q^Jia a pregnant (of women); 
— HaTb ppp begun, commenced; con- 
ceived (in sin). 

3aq^K(Hy)BaM-b va to begin to chip, break 
off; to stick into; to touch upon, ap- 
proach (a subject, etc); — ce vpr to 
chip, break off; to stick, get stuck; to 
be touched upon; —He n chipping; 
touching; — nar-b ppp stuck into; touched 



saqeHBaM-b 



163 



saqypyjiHKBaM-b 



upon, approached. 

3aqeHBaM-b v saqesaM-b. 

aaqepseHsiBaM-b ce "Opr to redden, turn 
or grow red; to blush; — hh ce OTb 
cpaM-b, he blushed with shame; — ne 
n reddening, growing or turning red; 
— Hta-fc ppp reddened, turned red. 

3aqepBA(Ba)Mi> va to redden, make red; 
to toast (bread), roast (meat); — ce 
vpr to redden, grow or turn red; to 
bUish (with shame); to be made red, 
dyed red; to be toasted, roasted; —He 
reddening; toasting, roasting; — b6ht> 
ppp reddened, turned or made red, 
flushed; toasted (bread), roasted crisp. 

3aq^pHHMi>, — HioBaMi> va to blacken, 
make black; to dirty, soil; — hmcto 
CH, to blacken one's name, bring shame 
upon one's naue; vn to pine away, 
break down; — cez'pr to be blackened; 
•to blacken oneself; —He n blacken- 
ing; — HeH-b ppp blackened; disgraced; 
— H-k;ii> a pining away, sick. 

aaq^pnaaMi. va to begin to draw, dip 
("water, etc); to scoop, lade; to begin 
to treat (friends); — ce vpr to be 
drawn; to be dipped; to be treated, treat 
each other; —He n dipping, drawing; 
— ncHT. ppp dipped, drawn. 

saqeprdBaiM-b va to begin to trace, sketch; 
to draw a line upon, cross out, can- 
cel, scratch, chalk out (on the black- 
board;; — ce vpr io be traced, sketched; 
to be crossed out, scratched; — ne 
n drawing, tracing, sketching; cros- 
sing out, scratching; — q6pTaHT> ppp 
crossed out, scratched, chalked out 

aaq^Baiwb va to begin to comb (one's 
hair), card (wool, etc); to strike {pop); 
— cr. vpr to be combed, carded; to 
begin scratching oneself; —Hen combing, 
carding; rt c*. — cajiH, they have com- 
menced combing or carding. 

saqecT^BaM'b vn to do Ca thing) often 
or frequently; va to thicken, make 
thicker of liquids r, iwHoro e — THjn> 
y Ttx-b, he is visiting them quite often; 
—He « doing (a thing) frequently; 
frequenting. 

aaq^ren-b a h ppp counted, reckoned; 

commenced to be read {of a book). 
3aqHKa6p'b3'b mt green vitriol. 
saqHHaM-b v saqesaMi*. 
3aqHCAHM-b va to count or reckon in; to 
enrol, enlist (in the army); — ce vpr 



to be counted, reckoned; to be enrolled, 
enlisted; to enlist, enrol oneself; —He 
n reckoning; enrolling, enlisting; enrol- 
ment, enlistment — jiim. ppp reckoned, 
counted (o/ a 5u/n); enrolled, enUsted. 

saqHTaiM-b va to begin to read, commence 
reading (a book); to commence counting, 
reckoning (numbers, etc); to respect, 
mind, heed; — q^roxxe an KHHrara, 
have you begun reading the book? mho- 
ro ce e — qe.n»f he has given himself 
too much to reading; HHKaK-b ne ro 
— xa, he doesn't revere him at all; he 
pays no attention whatever to him; xa- 
3H cyiwa e — xena, that sum is reck- 
oned; — ce vpr to be reckoned, count- 
ed; to be commenced (being read); to 
give oneselt to prolonged reading; to 
be respected, revered, minded, taken 
into consideration; — qeai. ce, occupied 
with reading, given to reading; — ne n 
counting; respecting (the rights of others), 
heeding, taking into consideration; — 
q^xen-b ppp h a v aaqexem.. 

s^qHH / sulphuric acid (chem). 

aaqyaaftf-b va vn to begin to hear; to 
hear a little; to discern, make out (a 
sound); — qyxi* Aa ce roBOpH, I heard 
somebody talking; — ce vpr to be 
heard, made out; — qy ce cxpauiem. 
peBi), a terrible roar was heard; — 
qyjn> ppp heard; — qy^i. xa ne bh- 
a.-kn-h, he thought he had heard or seen. 

3aqyBaMi> va v sanasflM-b. 

saqyAsaM-b (-ao) va to astonish, amaze, 
surprise; — ce vpr to be astonished, 
surprised; to wonder; aauio ce cxe — 
AHJiH, what are you wondering at? — 
He n astonishing, suprising; astonish- 
ment; — AeHT. ppp astonished, surprised; 
wondering at; — ahjit. e utjiHH cstxi., 
he has astonished the whole world. 

3aqyKBaM-b va to nail up, knock in, 
drive in (a nail); to spike, hammer in, 
beat or jam in, into; — kojiihh, to drive 
in spikes; — ce vpr to be nailed up, 
knocked or driven in, into; — ne n driv- 
ing in, into; — KaHi. ppp driven in, nailed 
up; jammed in, into. 

aaqyKBaM-b va vn to begin knocking; 
— ce vpr to be knocked; H-feKoft — Ka, 
— Ka ce, somebody is knocking (at the 
door). 

aaMypyjiKKBaiMT. vn to begin to chirrup, 
sing {of birds), chatter; nxHUHxt 6t- 



164 



xa ->KajiH« the birds were chirruping 
or singing. 

samteaM-b vn to begin to move, stir; to 
play (of the sea), be restless; to be gay. 

sameryBaM-b ce vpr to begin joking, 
playing, jesting (with a person). 

aaiu^ji'b ppp V saxoKAaM'b. 

3aaieMeA^BaMi> vu to dizzy, stun, stupe- 
fy, stultify; — ce fpr to be made dizzy, 
stunned, stupefied; —He n dizzying, 
stunning; dizziness, stupefaction; — a^hi> 
ppp stunned, stupefied; dizzy. 

3aui^nTBaMi> vn to begin whispering; to 
whisper, lisp; mo ere — rajiH raKHsa, 
don't be whispering, what is all this 
whispering for? 

3auiH6aM-b va to begin to lash, whip. 

aaiUHBaiMii va to begin to sew; to sew 
up; — ce vpr to be sewed; —He n 
sewing; — en-b — tt. ppp sewed; — Ka 
/ shouMer-knot {mit); stripe; patch. 

aauiHJiHM'b vv to cut to a point; — ce 
vpr to be cut to a point; — nen cutting 
to a point; —atn-bppp cut to a point. 

sauiyMflBaM-b vn to rustle, make a rust- 
ling noise; Htuio — iwt, there was a 
rustling, I heard a rustling; — ce vpr 
to leaf, be covered with leaves, come 
into leaf {of trees, etc); to rustle. 

sauiyuiyKBaM-b va to begin to whisper, 
speak in secret, 

saiUHnBaiH-b va to begin to pinch, nip; to 
pinch, nip; — ce vpr to be pinched» 
nipped; to pinch each other; to cling 
to, get stuck to; — ne n pinching, nip- 
ping; sticking, fastening to; — nan-b 
ppp pinched, nipped; clinging to. 

aaiUHTa / protection, defence; shelter, 
refuge; — ra na rpaAa. the defence of 
the city; noAi> Bo«a — , under God's 
protection or care; — h araKa, defen- 
sive and offensive; — ra npn IIlHnKa, 
the defence of Shipka. 

aauHTMtejieu'b a protective, defensive; 
apologetic. 

aaiUHTHHK-b m protector, defender; patron; 
— ita / protectress; patroness. 

saiuHTHBaM'b vn to defend, protect, guard, 
stand by, stand up for or in' defence of; 
to ward off (a blow); to apologise (-gize); 
to plead (in court); — rpaAb, to defend 
a city; — npntiTeJiHT-b ch, to defend, 
stand by one's friends; — ce vpr to 
be defended, protected; to defend each 
other, stand by each other; — ce ot- 



qaflHO, to defend oneself desperately; 

BHHOBHHflT'b CC MJhHHO — Ba, 3 guilty 

person is hard to defend; -uen defend- 
ing, protecting; defence, pleading 'jar); 
— T^Hb ppp defended, protected, guarded. 

3am6 ad why? what for? for what reason? 
on what account? — ne, why not? — 
ere AOuiJiH, why have you come? what 
have you come for? —to conj because, 
for; —TO Borb tojiko B-b3jiio6H cat- 
TbTT., for God so loved the world; — 
TO asb ro T-bJt HCKax-b, because f 
wanted it so. 

3ai03A&BaM-b V saysAaaaM-b. 

3aK)c(Hy)BaMb vn to fall asleep, sink 
deep in sleep; to die, away; to be lost 
in thought. 

satiBji^HHe n declaration, statement, testi- 
mony; application, deposition; petition, 
request; nyCjinqno — , a public decla- 
ration or statement; — 3a pa6oTa, an 
application for work or a position; Aa- 
Baiwb -, to present a petition; to hand 
in an application; to file a declaration; 
H sasiBa. 

sasiBMTejib m applicant; deponent; de- 
clarer, presenter; notifier. 

aaiiB^BaM-b va to declare, state, testify, 
depose; to announce, inform; — na ut- 
JiHs CBtTi., to declare to all the world; 
Tofl HH — BH, qe He MOM<e Aa AofiAe, 
he informed us of his inability to come; 
— Ha nojiHiiHflra, to report to the 
police authorities; — nyCjinqno, to 
declare publicly; — ce vpr to be de- 
clared; to be deposited W^fYj -""»•* "Y 
ce Ha BptMe, he was informed (let 
known) in due time; — ne n declaring; 
depositing; informing; v satiBJieHHe; — 
B^Hb ppp declared, deposited (jur); an- 
nounced; notified; reported; — aeno luy 
6h;io, he was notified, it was stated 
to him. 

sa^rnyaaMb ce vpr to begin to Iamb, 
yean. 

sa^AaMb, — A>KAaM-b va to begin to eat, 
commence eating; to tease, provoke, 
pick quarrel with; — ce vpr to tease, 
provoke, pick quarrel with; — ne n 
teasing, provoking; provocation, irrita- 
tion. 

aaflAJiHBb u quarrelsome, snarly, snap- 
pish, provoking; —bo ad in a provo- 
king manner; — aocTb / quarrelsome- 
ness. 



3asK(Hy)BaMi> 



165 



sApase 



3a^K(Hy)BaM-b vn to grow strong, be- 
come strong, recover one's strength; to 
be consolidated; to be established (in 
th^ faith); —He n growing or becoming 
strong; recovering; consolidating, estab- 
lishing; consolidation, establishment; 
—HUn-b ppp grown strong or firm, 
recovered; consolidated. 

saflKH^BaM-b va to strengthen, make firm, 
strong; to steady, fasten; to consolidate 
(a state), establish (in the faith); — ce 
vpr to be strengthened; to grow strong; 
to be consolidated; — He n strengthening; 
copsolidating; consolidation; — q^H-b ppp 
strengthened, made firm or steady; con- 
solidated; established. 

siflK-b V saeKi.. 

sB^HHe R calling, vocation; state, estate. 

SBdHKa / mountain finch, bramb'.ing 
{orn). 

asan-b ppp called, invited. 

sB^reJieu-b a; — naAexc-b, vocative case 
(gram). 

SBdHKOBb a; — sa MOHera, hard cash, 
cash. 

3ByKnnoApa>KdHHe n onomatopoeia; — 
TeJieu-b a onomatopoetic. 

SByK-b m sound, tone; c;iaAKH — kobc, 
— UH, pleasant sounds, sweet music; 
CJiad-b — , weak sound, dull sound; — 
KOB-b a of sound; phonetic. 

asyqi vn to sound; —mi AoSpt, it sounds 
well; — tiH crpaHHO, it sounds (ii seems) 
strange; — hchc n sounding; ringing; 
ring, clank, clang (of bells, etc); — 
qeiub pres p. 

3ByqeH-b a sonorous, musical, melodious; 
soniferous; —ho a — ly; — Hocrb /so- 
norousness, musicalness, harmony. 

3B-bH^pb m bell-ringer, sexton; bell-mak- 
er; — HHua / belfry; bell-foundry. 

3B-bH6u-b m bell, hand-bell; yqHJiHiuen-b 
— , school bell; — tt. e SB-bHHjn., the 
bell has rung; — q6, — q6Hi;e n dim 
small bell; jingle- bell, box on the ear, 
ringlet; — q^ra pi bells; b'.ue-bell (bot). 

SB'bHHKa / tutsan {bof). 

3B'i>HjiHBi> a ringing, sonorous, resonant, 
resouhding; musical; — bo ad sonorous- 
ly, loudly, thunderously; — BOCTb / 
sonorousness. 

3B'bHTfl vn to ring, clang, clank, sound, 
resound; to echo, chime; qncTara napa 
— TH, the sound coin rings clear; HiweTO 
My me — TH, his name shall ring, shall 



be echoed; — tchc n ringing (of bells), 
clanging (of swords), clashing (of arms), 
cknking (of a can), sounding, resound- 
ing; tinkling (of jingle bells); — t^ikt. 
m ringing, ring, clang, cIango(u)r, clank, 
tinkle; — Temi. pres p. 

3B'bH-b m ring, ringing, sounding, peal; 
qepKOBCH-b — , church bell; norpe6a- 
jiCHT. — , tolling, passing-bell; — , — , 
cjiaAKH — , bells, bells, charming bells 1 

SB-bHfl va to ring (a bell); — ce vpr to 
be rung; H%Ko(t — hh, — hh ce, some- 
body rings (the bell); — uene n ringing; 
— Hem-b pres p. 

asiaaA / star; yrpena — , morning star; 
onauiara — , comet; naAama — , shoot- 
ing star; HenoABH>KHa — , fixed-star; 
nojinpua — , north-star, pole-star; pH- 
6aTa — , star-fish; macTJiHsa-, lucky 
star; — achi, a star (worship), starry 
(heaven), stellar (system); — AecTb a 
starry, starred, starlike, stellated, stel- 
lary boty, — AHua, —AHqKa/d/m little 
star; asterisk {print). 

3B-b3Ao5p6eu'b V acrpoHOM-b. 

aB-fesAOBHAeH'b a star-Uke, star-shaped, 
stelliform. 

3Bt3AOBHTb a starry, stellated. 

sBtsAoraA^HHC v acrpojiorHfl. 

3B-fe3Aorji^A'b V acTpo;iori>. 

aa-bsAooSp^aeHi, v 3Bt3AOBHAeH'b. 

SB-fep-b m wild beast, ferocious animal, 
savage beast; brute; — pobhacht., — 
ponoA66eHb, resembling a wild beast; 
savage looking, beastlike, brutal, savage; 
— po^ACHb a zoophagous; — pojidBCTBO 
n hunting of wild beasts, hunting; — 
CKH a savage, brutish, brutal, ferocious; 
ad — ly, in a savage manner; — ctbo n 
brutality, ferocity; attrocity, cruelty; 
— CTByBaAfb vn to rage, be brutal, act 
like a wild beast, behave like a fero- 
cious animal; — mHHd / brutality, fe- 
rociousness, cruelty. 

3B-kp$i ce v qyA« ce. 

SA^HHC n building, edifice, structure; bh- 
COKO — , high or tall building, scrap- 
er; reBrHpeHO — , solid structure. 

sAP^Be, — BHe n health; HapoAHO — , 
public health; BseMasn. H-feKOMy —to, to 
incapaciate a person, render one help- 
less; Ha—, your health, here is to your 
health (in drinking, etc); God bless you 
(to a person sneezing), good luck to 
youl KaKT. CTe ct. —to, how is your 



SApaBCUl* 



166 



3eMjieAtjieui> 



health? mhofo — na bch^kh, give my 
love or regard to all, remember me 
to all; —TO e 6oraTCTBo, health is 
wealth; —hAkt. m a healthy or robust 
fellow; a tough fellow; — BCHA^jiecTb 
a healthy, robust, tough; — bhh^, — 
BOCTb / soundness, robustness; solidity: 
- BHua V HasApaBHua; — BHH'bK-b a 
dim pretty well, healthy, sound, solid. 

SApaBeicb m crane's bill, geranium {bot). 

3ApaBHCBaM-b va to shake hands with 
(a person); — ce vpr to shake hands 
with; — caxMe ce, we shook hands (with 
each other);— He « hand-shaking, shak- 
ing of hands; h SApaByBaM-b, — ce. 

SAP^BO ad soundly, sound; well, proper- 
ly, right, strong; safely, safe; mhcjih 
— , to think soundly; B-bpuia — , to do 
a thing well; AP'b^xe ce — , hold your- 
self well, fast, securely; npHAiip^aM-b 
ce — , to keep close to, hold fast to 
(one's principles); npHCTHrnaxMe >kh- 
BO-— , we arrived safe and well; — 
WHBO, how are you? 

SApaBOMHCJieH-b a well-weighed, delibe- 
rate; —HO ad soundly, soberly; — jihc 
n, — HOCTb / judiciousness, sound sense, 
good sound sense, saneness; — jiemt a 
of sound judgment or sense, judicious, 
of good common sense. 

3ApaBOCJi6BeHi> a salubrious, salutary, 
healthy (condition), hygienic; —ho ad 
salubriously, salutarily; — Hocrb / sa- 
lubrity, wholesomness. 

SApasy BaMi, , — ce v sApaBMCBaM-b , — ce. 

3ApaB-b a healthy, sound, well; safe; — 
pa3yM-b, good common sense; judicious 
mind; — h WHS'b hjih MHraB-b, safe 
and sound; — Ba pa6oTa, solid or good 
work; na — Ba ocHOBa, on a solid 
foundation. 

3ApaBi{i vn to be getting well, be going 
towards recovery; to heal, close up (o/ 
a wound); to haii;— BtllTe, hail to you! 
— ene n recovery, convalescence; — 
eiu'b pres p. 

3Apam> m dusk, twilight; —tiBA ce imp 
V it is getting dusk, it grows, is grow- 
ing dark or dusk; — q^u-b a dusk, 
dusky. 

3£6pa / zebra (zool). 

3e6y m zebu (zool:, 

seflTHH-b m olive-oil; — HeB-b, — HeHi* a 
olive-oil, of olive-pilj — h^hhkt. m oil- 



cup, oil-box; oiler, oiling-can. 

3^;ie m cabbage, cole; greens; KHcejio 
— , pickled cabbage, sour-krout 

seJieuHKa / lesser periwinkle, wintef 
green (bat). 

3eJieHHKaB'b a greenish; — Bocxb/ green- 
ish-colo(u)r. 

seJiCHHJio n green, greenness, green stuff ; 
verdigris. 

3eJieHHH6 / greenness, green; verdure; 
greens. 

seji^HO ad green. 

sejienoHorb m black-cock (^oo/). 

3eJieHqyK'b m, — uh pi vegetables, greens. 

3eji^H-b a green; verdant; raw; fresh, 
unripe (fruit); — na 6oti, green colo(u)r; 
green paint; —na ropa. verdant forest; 
— Ha HdiijiKa, raw apple; — bi. pa6o- 
ra, inexperienced, new in the business; 
yMp^ MjiaA'b - — , he died in his prime. 

sejienifl ce vpr to look green, appear 
green (at a distance); — ene n greenness^ 
green colo(u/; — emi. ce pres p. 

sejieH^CBaM'b vn to turn green, be cov- 
ered with verdigris. 

s^jiKa / cabbage, cole. 

36jiHa-uenepyAa / cabbage-butterfly. 

3£jiHHK-b m a kind of pancake or pie pre- 
pared with greens. 

seji-b app V seMaM-b. 

3£MaM-b va to take, receive, get; — iwtp- 
KH, to take steps; — yqacrne, to par- 
ticipate, take part in; — cHJiCM-b, to take, 
seize by force; — na 3aeM-b, to borrow 
(money); — roAHUiHO, to get, receive 
yearly; — noAi* BHHMaHHe, to take 
into consideration, bear in mind; —ka- 
ma noAT» Haeiw-b, to hire a house; — 
B-b njilsH-b, to take prisoner, capture; 
— M^TC T-fesH H%ma OTT. TyKa, take 
these things away from here; — ce 
vpr to be taken, received, gotten; rp-fe- 
6Ba Aa ce -me hoat. BHHMaHHe, one 
should take into consideration; — ne n 
taking, receiving, getting; — ne-Aasa- 
ne, business, trade; HtMaM-b HHKaKBO 
— He-Aaaane cb nero, I have no bus- 
iness with him, have nothing to do 
with him; seji-b app; — Meni., aeri. ppp. 

seiMeBjiaA'feJieu-b m land-holder, land- 
owner. 

36MeH-b a earthly, terrestrial, of this 
world. 

s^MeH'b ppp v seiMaiM-b. 



seMJieKon-b 



167 



seMJieA'fe.'ieui'b m farmer, agriculturist, 
husbandman, tiller; — jihc n agriculture, 
farming, husbandry; — ckh, — icckh a 
agricultural (school), farm (products); 

— CTBO n V SCMJICA'^AHe. 

3eM;ieKdn'b m digger, labo'u)rer. 

3eMjieMtpi> m surveyor, land-measurer; 
— pne n geodesy, land-surveying. 

seMJieonHcaHHe n geography. 

seMJieTpec^Hue n earthquake. 

3eMHOB6AeHi> a amphibious, terraquous. 

aeiMH / earth, ground; soil, clay; dust, 
dirt; land; the earth, the world; Hosa 
acMJi, new land, new world; xyGaea 
— , fine soil; fine land or country; na- 
AaiM-b Ha — ra, to fall on the ground; 
— H He6oi earth and sky; BaKitlicKa 
— , church land; HaAi* — xa, above the 
earth; above the ground (of a room, 
etci\ CbSapnM'b ao — ra, to level to 
the ground; BiKxp-buiHOCTbTa na^ra, 
the interior of the earth; nyiK^a — , 
foreign land, strange land;cpeAHopa3- 
CTOHHHe iweiKay — ra h cji-bHuero, a 
medium distance of the earth from the 
sun; — MCHT. a earthly (joy), terrestrial 
(paradise); — Miiua / dim a spot, patch 
or piece of land; a corner or nook or 
the earth or world. 

3eHriifi // stirrup, foot-stall. 

scHHT'b ni" zenith. 

aeojiHT-b m zeolite 'min). 

3ep3ajiMfl / V KancHH. 

36cTpa / dowry, dower; trousseau; mar- 
riage portion; — rpHita / dim a little 
dowry; a nice dowry. 

ser-b m son-in-law, brother-in-law; — tcbt. 
a son-in-law's, of brother-in-law. 

acTT. ppp V aeMaiwb. 

3e({)iipi> m zephyr, breeze, zephyrus; — 
peH-b a breezy, zephyr-like. 

SMAaM-b va to build with stone and 
brick; — ce vpr to be built; —He n 
building; —hi. ppp built; —Ha pa6o- 
ra, mason's work; masonry. 

3H;idpb m mason, builder in stone and 
brick, stone-mason, brick-layer; — pH- 
Tt Ha e^na A'bPiKaea, the builders, 
founders of a state; —ckh a mason's, 
stone-mason's, of a mason; — ctbo n 
mason's work, stone-work, masonry. 

3HA'b n wall; — fleHT* a wall, of a wall. 

3MMa / winter; scfeKa — , every winter; 
np-ba-b — xa, during the winter; — nae, 



winter is at hand; — Md imp v;— mh» I 
am cold, I am feeling cold; — Macb, 
MacKa ad last winter, the winter past; 
— MCHi* a winter (evening), wintry 
(weather), hibernal (region), winter's, of 
winter; — hhkt. m cellar; — HHwa / 
winter supplies; — HHua / winter-corn; 
— MbsHiue n winter-quarters, winter- 
lodge; lair (of wild beasts, etc); winter 
supplies; —Mb ad in winter, during 
winter. 

3HMaM-b va to take; to receive, get; v 
semaM-b. 

3HM6iiji'b m hyacinth, blue iris ibot). 

3HMopjiHB-b a chilly, sensible to cold; 
— Beuii m chilly person; — socTb / 
chilliness, sensibility to cold. 

3HMyBaM-b vn to winter, pass the winter; 
— He n wintering, passing the winter, 
hibernation. 

3HHBaM-b va to open one's mouth; to 
yawn, gape; — h^tc, open up your 
mouth; —He n opening of the mouth; 
yawning; — Ha.ii-b ppp with one's mouth 
open; yawning (grave), gaping, agaping. 

3HHA>KH(})HJi'b mt ginger. 

s^aKi. m gramen {bot); — Kose pi g'assy 
plants. 

sjiar^pb m goldsmith; gold-digger, gold- 
finder; — HHua / jewelry-shop; — ckh 
a goldsmith's, of a goldsmith; —ctbo n 
goldsmith's trade or business, jewelry 
business. 

sji&Tene n v 3;iaTH. 

sji^TCHi. a gold, of gold; golden; — nptc- 
TCH-b, gold ring; — B^K-b, golden age; 
—HO Bptiwe, precious time;— HapyA- 
HHua, gold mine. 

3a^TKa / marten {zool). 

SJiaTHCTi. a golden, gilt; gold like. 

sjidTO H gold; iMCTO — , pure gold; ace 
mo Jii>uiH He e — , all that glitters is 
not gold; — Bp'bX'bmmartagon-lily(6o/); 
a gold-edged, gold-capped; — pjiAbt. a 
gold-headed, golden-headed; — kob4ht> 
a wrought in gold; — ndcen-b a gold- 
bearing; auriferous; — pynen-b a golden- 
fleeced; — cTpyneHT* a golden stringed; 
— TKiHT> a woven with gold, wrought 
in gold; — ycTi. ,a golden mouthed, 
chrysostom; — ub-btchi. a golden-col - 
o'u red 

sjiarii ad v aflaTHCT-b. 

3JidTa va to gild; — rene n gilding. 



sjiaqeHi* 



168 



3JI% 



sJi^qeHi* a grassy, rich with grass, her- 
biferous. 

aanaA f evil, ill; wickedness; mischief; 
misfortune; eAna oti> AB-b — hh, one 
of two evils; cBtTT.T"b e n-bJien-b ci. 
— HH, the world is full of evil or wiclied- 
aess. 

3JIO H evil, ill; wrong; mischief; misfor- 
tune; Ao6po 3a — , good for evil; ao- 
6poTo H —TO, good and evil; ne My 
Hcejiaii —TO, I don't wish him evil or 
harm, I bear him noranco''u)r orill-will. 

3fl66a / spite, malice, animosity, ill-will 
ranco(u)r; oti» — , for spite, out of ill- 
will or malice; — Cen-b a malicious, 
ranco(u)rous, evil-minded, sardonic; — 
HO al maliciously, ranco(u)rously, spite- 
fully; — HOCTb / maliciousness, malice, 
malignancy, spiteful spirit. 

SiHOBdHeH'b a bad-smelling, ill-smelling, 
stinking; — hhc n bad smell, stench. 

anoBf^kfffiH-b a pernicious, mischievous, 
noxious; —ho ad — ly; — HOCTb / — 
ness. 

3JiOB4u('b a ominous, ill-foreboding, in- 
auspicious; —mo ad — ly. 

ajioA'^fl m evil-doer, malefactor, evil- 
worker, villain; h a.noA'beu'b; — ckh a 
villainous, criminal, wicked; — ctbo n 
crime; — CTsyBaiH-b vn to commit vil- 
lainy or crime; to rage; — ^une n evil 
deed, misdeed, malfeasance, wrong- 
doing; crime. 

3;ioe3HqeH-b a evil-tongued, foul-mouthed, 
slanderous, calumnious; -que n slander, 
calumny. 

3jio>KeJi^Tejib m, —Ka/ evil-wisher, spite- 
ful, malicious person; — flewb a male- 
volent, malicious; —ctbo n, — ji^nne, 
ill-will, malevolence, malignity; — cTBy- 
BaM-b vn to bear ill-will, wish evil, 
bear ranco u)r, be malevolent. 

3Ji03B> ^CH-b a dissonant, discordant; — ahc 
n, —HOCTb / dissonance, disharmony. 

3JioKiqecTBeH-b a inferior, of an inferior 
quality, bad; — HOCTb / inferiority. 

3J10K66eH1> V 3JIOB-bUl'b. 

3JiOMHCJieH'b a ill minded, ill-intentioned, 
ill-designing; — hhkt. m evil-wisher, ill- 
designing person, plotter; — ho ad with 
an evil design, underhandedly; — jihc n, 
—HOCTb / evil-design, bad intention; a 
3JioHaM-bpeH'b. 

3;ioHpABeHb a ill-tempered, ill-natured. 



■^bad-mannered; —ho ad — ly; — bhc n, 
—HOCTb / ill-temper, evil disposition. 

3;ionojiyKa / ill-luck, misfortune, bad 
luck, hard luck; h 3AonoJiyHHe; — 
■leHb a unlucky, unfortunate, ill-fated, 
disastrous, inauspicious; — Jiyqno ad un- 
luckily, disastrously, inauspiciously. 

sjiopilAen-b a malevolent, malicious, ma- 
lignant; —HO ad — ly; — ctbo n male- 
volence, malignancy; — CTsyaaMb vn 
to be malignant, rejoice at the ill-luck 
of others, 

3Aoptq& vn to speak evil of (a person), 
calumniate, slander; — qiiBOCTb / calum- 
niousness; calumniation, slanderousaess; 
— qHB-b a calumnious, foul-mouthed, 
slanderous; — p'bqne n calumny, slan- 
der, calumniation, backbiting. 

3AOCJi6Bfl vato slander, calumniate, speak 
ill (of a person); — bchc n slandering, 
calumniating; slander, calumny, calum- 
niation; — Beui) m slanderer, calumni- 
ator. 

3JiocT5peub, -HHKT. m evil-doer. 

3jioc'bpA6qeH'b a hard-hearted, cruel; — 
HO ad — ly; — qne n, — HOCTb / hard- 
heartedness, cruelty. 

sjiOTEdpeui) a mischievous, noxious, per- 
nicious; — CTBO n malefice, villainy. 

3JioyMHui,iieH-b V sjioMHcneHb. 

3jioynoTp'b6HTejib m misappropriator (of 
money, etc), abuser; — jienb a founded 
upon abuse. 

3AoynoTp%6aBaMb va to misuse, mis- 
appropriate; to abuse, maltreat; Toil — 
Ba cb HameTO AoaipHet he betrays 
our confidence; xoH e — 6Hjn> mhoto 
napn, he has misappropriated a great 
deal of money; — ce vpr to be misused, 
misappropriated; to be abused; —He 
n misappropriating; misappropriation; 
abusing; abuse; h 3jioynoTpt6jieHHe; 
— 66H"b ppp misappropriated; abused, 

3;ioq^CT(eH)-b a unfortunate, unlucky, un- 
happy, ill-fated; — thc «, — thh4/ mis- 
fortune, adversity. 

3;ioqHHeHi> a ill-mannered, disordered, 
dissolute; — nne n bad manners, dis- 
orderliness. 

3,nom^CTeH-b a unfortunate, ill-fated, un- 
happy; —HO ad disastrously; —thc n 
misfortune, adversity, bad-luck. 

3;i-bqKa v H<ji-bqKa. 

3Jit ad ill; badly, wrong; 6paT"b my e 
— , his brother is ill or sick; paSoTaTa 



169 



OTHBa —, things go bad, badly or 
wrong; — HacTpoeHi*, ill-disposed; — 
My e paGoTara, he is in a bad fix; — 
lue CH HsnaTH, be will pay dearly 
(for it> 

3MHii / snake, serpent, viper; yrpoBHa 
—t adder; Kporaji'bT'b — , rattle-snake; 
xane Karo — , it stings as a viper; — 
^Beicb m serpentine (min); — eBHAeHi>, 
— enofl66eH-b a serpentiform; — end- 
ceui> m serpent (astr); — Hckh a snake, 
of a snake, serpent's (skin), serpent 
(locks), snake (weed); snaky, serpentine; 
— ricKO rpo3Ae n serpentaria {boty, — 
flcKo MJiiKO n greenwood {bot); — llq£ 
n dim a little snake; — Hiue n an enor- 
mously big snake, a giant snake; — 
5pKa / eel; v eryjiti. 

SM-btt m dragon, winged serpent; — es-b 
a dragon's, of a dragon; serpentine. 

3Hdeji-b ppp, — eue n, — eu|-b pres p v 
3Haa. 

SHden-b a known. 

3uiAao e imp v it is known. 

3HaKOM'b m an acquaintance. 

3HaKi> m sign, mark, token, indication; 
badge; proof; symptom; omen; — mh- 
Hycb, sign of minus; — na qejiOTO, 
a mark on the brow; bt. — na npH- 
HTeJicTBO, as a token or proof of friend- 
ship; jioui'b — , bad sign, bad omen; 

— na 6ojiecTb, symptom of a disease; 
AaBaMi. — , to nod, beckon (with the 
head;; to give the signal. 

SHdjieub m connoisseur, expert. 

SH^Me n flag, banner, standard, colo{^u)rs; 
HapoAHO — , national flag; HSAnraMi. 
—TO Ha cBo6oAaTa, to raise up the 
banner of freedom; aHKaMi* peaepsHc- 
THT-fe noA'b — HiiTa, to Call out the 
reserves; — Hdceu-b m standard-bearer, 
ensign, ensign-bearer. 

8HaiMeH^Tejib m denominator; o6m'»> — » 
common denominator (math); — fleHT> a 
denominative; significative. 

SHaM^HHe n phenomenon, wonder, sign, 
omen, token; apparition. 

SHaMeHHT-b a noted, renowned, cele- 
brated, distinguished, famous, illustrious; 

— nHcareJib, a noted, distinguished, 
celebrated or eminent writer; — poAi*) 
an illustrious race; — ra enoxa, cele- 
brated epoch; — Ta noGtAa, famous, sig- 
nal victory; — rocTb / celebrity. 

aaaiieHyBaM'b va to signify, indicate; — 



He n signifying, indicating; signification, 
indication 

snaMi. V 3Hafl. 

SHdHwe n knowledge, learning, erudition, 
scholarship; 40B-bKb cb —, a man of 
erudition; —to e CH^a, knowledge is 
power; to know is to be able; wawAA 
33 — , thirst for knowledge. 

3H&T(eH)i> a known, notable, eminent, 
illustrious; — Hocrb / celebrity, nota- 
bility, eminence. 

3H6qa 7/a vn to signify, mean; to indi- 
cate; mo— <iH BCHqKOToaa, what does 
all this mean? Toaa — qn qe, that 
means that; Ma;iKO — qn, that matters 
little, it doesn't signify much, is of little 
importance; — qene n signifying, mean- 
ing; — qeji-b ppp; — qem-b pres p. 

suaq^HHe n meaning, signification, sense; 
signiticance, importance; — na AyMa, 
meaning of a word; aa Hero Tosa nt- 
Ma — , that is of no importance to him; 
qoBtK-b Gea-b — , a person of no im- 
portance, of no consequence. 

3Haq^Ui> m dim indicator, sign; gorget 
{mil) 

3HaqiiTe;ieHb a notable, considerable. Im- 
portant, consequential; — na cyiHa, a 
considerable sum; ao — na cTenenb, 
in a great degree; — na no6-feAa> signal 
victory; — ao ad considerably, in a 
great degree, to a considerable extent; 
—HOCTb/ importance, significance, grav- 
ity, weightiness. 

3H^si va vn to know; Bon, — e, God 
knows; roll — e mhofo cshuh, he knows, 
speaks many languages; ne — mo 
Aa npaBH, I don't know what to do; 
HHUio He — e, he knows nothing, be 
doesn't know anything; xt — T-b 3a ra- 
3H pa6oTa, they know of this affair, 
are acquainted with this affair; He Mce- 
nati Aa — HHiuo 33 Hero, I don't want 
to hear anything about him; — ctc ;ih au- 
tjihHckh , do you know or speak English? 
npasH ce qe ne — e, he feigns igno- 
rance; — ofb ooMTb, I know by ex- 
perience; — ro Ha np-bCTHTt, I have 
it at my finger's ends; —ctc jir KaK-b, 
do you know how? — ce vpr to be 
known; — e ce impv it is known; hh- 
mo He ce — e sa nero, nothing is 
known about him; — eae n knowing; 
knowledge; skill; — cjit. app; —ewk 
ppp; —em* pres p. 



3O0aM1> 



170 



3K>MpyA1> 



a&6tiM't, va vn to eat oats, feed on oats; 
to crunch; — ne n feeding, giving oats 
(to horses,!; crunching. 

3001 m oats, grain, feed, provender; -— 
HHua / nose-bag. sack for oats. 

adfifl va to feed, give oats (to horses); — 
CcHe n feeding, giving oats (to horses). 

soBi* m call, cry, sound; CoAhh — , war- 
cry; npH — n. Ha op;R.>KHe, at the call 
to arms. 

sdBfli va to call; — bh ce vpr io be called; 
—Bene n calling, call; — Bemi> pres p. 

3orpit<|>'i> v WHBonHceu'b. 

soAH^Ki. m zodiac {astr). 

aoKyM-b m oleander (Jbot). 

aoHay zone (geogr). 

aoojiHT-b m zoolite. 

300Ji6rb m zoologist; — riiqecKH a zoo- 
logical; ad zoologically; — fhh / zoo- 
logy. 

300TdMHsi / zootomy. 

3op4 / dawn, day-break; bt> — ra, at 
dawn, at the break of day, at day- 
break; B-b TbMHH — pH, in the gray of 
the morning; — piiua / dim a pretty 
dawn; ->Hiiua / morning star; — pii ce 
imp V it dawns, it is dawning, it grows 
light. 

36pKO a vigilantly, watchfully; — KocTb 
/ vigilance, watchfulness. 

aopjie adt v chjiomi; e^aa. 

sdTKa v onauiKa. 

apllK-b m ray, beam; image; view; — 
q^HT. m pupil (of the eye). 

apHTejib m spectator, onlooker, bystander; 
witness; — ^leni. a visual, eye, of the 
sight. 

api>Hi<e n dim small grain, granule, berry. 

spiene n, — 6m-b pres p v apta. 

apijiHute n spectacle, sight, scene, show. 

apijiocTb / ripeness, maturity; — reHi. a 
maturity; — tcht. H3nHTi>, bachelor's 
examination; —ho CBHAtrejicTBO, bach- 
elor's certificate or diploma. 

ap^ji-b a ripe (fruit), mature (age, etc)\ — 
no ad soundly, ably. 

apinne n sight, vision, eyesight; lya- 
CTBOTO — , the sense of sight; chjiho 
— , strong eyesight; cb ocrpo — , keen- 
eyed; OT-b Haoia TOiKa — , from our 
point of view. 

apis vn to ripen, grow ripe; to mature; 



— ene n ripening; maturation; — euit* 
pres p. 

3y6T.pT> m aurochs, u re-ox. 

syjiyM-b mt v nacHjiHe. 

ayuKa / garter, kneeband. 

aypjia / snout, muzzle; yjipuvn, no — 
ra, to give a rap on the snout, give a 
slap on the mouth. 

sypjiHqKH pi snap-dragon (bof). 

aypH^ // trumpet; hautboy, pipe. 

3-bjiBa / sister in law, husband's sister; 
— BMH-b a sister-in-law's. 

a-bjib a malicious, malignant, cruel, bad, 
— qoBtK-b, bad or cruel man; — e- 
3HK-b, malignant tongue, foul-mouth; 
3Jia 3HMa, fierce winter; 3jio n^rCf. 
bad or naughty child; sjia KpHTHKa» 
severe, biting criticism; ano Kyqe, fierce 
dog, snarly dog. 

3-bM6dK-b m lily, flower-de-luce. 

3-bpKOjiH pi spectacles, eyes (pop). 

3'bpHO « grain; berry, seed (of fruit); 
nipple (of breast); granule; hh — , not 
a grain (of corn, ^^c); na —Ha, granu- 
lar, granulated; — no — , one grain at 
a time; — ^^eu-b/n granivorous animal; 
— Hene n granulating, granulation; — 
HCH-b a grain (trade), of grain; — HecTb 
a grainy, granulous, granulated. 

a-ipi^ajia pi spectacles (pop). 

3-feB'b m gape, gaping, yawn; — adqb m 
gaper, yawner. 

3tnaM'b vn to gape; to yawn; to gaze, 
stare; -Hire, open up your mouth; 
BCHqKH 6-bxa — najiH B-b nero, all of 
them were gaping at him; ne — ftre, 
don't be gaping, staring, dawdling; — 
He n gaping, staring; eyeing (a person); 
— jia /, — aio m gaper, starer, yawner; 
— naji-b ppp gaping, staring at. 

atnji^K-b m lion's mouth (bot). 
3'Bfl vn to gape, stand open (of a rfoor),open 
one's mouth; to stare, gaze (at a person); 
to yawn; ycrara iwy BHHarn — e, his 
mouth is always open; he talks too 
much; BcnqKH — tt. bt. Hero, all of 
them are looking at him, have their 
eyes turned towards him; y Hero nexb 
rbpjia — T-b, he has five throats to 
fill; — ene n gaping, yawning; staring; 
— em-b a h pres p gaping, yawning 
(grave); staring. 
aioM^fdji-b m hyacinth, blue-iris (bof). 
3K)MpyA'i> m emerald (min). 



3x.<Sajieui> 



171 



Hrpaq-b 



3x.6tiA€n'h m bridle's bit. 

aiiJiAph m dentist; — ckh a dentist's, of 
a dentist; dentary, dental (college); — 
CTBo n dentistry; dentology (science of). 

3A5eHe n grinning; giggHing. 

sAGeucb ce pres p v saiCh ce. 

3Ai6o6o;ii> m, — o6jiHe n tooth-ache. 

3A.6oBHAeH'b, — o6pd3eH'b a dentiform, 
dentoid. 

3X.6ojitKapb m dentist. 

3«.6i> m tooth (of the mouth); cog (of a 
wheel), dent, notch, dentil; — 3a — , 
tooth for tooth; 3ApaBi> — , sound tooth; 
THH^-b — , decayed tooth; nepsa na — , 
nerve of a tooth; np-bACH-b — , front 
tooth, incisor, fore-tooth; KATHHK-b — , 
molar tooth; KyqeinKH — , eye-tooth; 
MiRApeu'bT'b — , wisdom-tooth; H3KycT- 
BCHH — 6h, false teeth; — 66T1., — 
6ecTb a toothed, toothy, indented, 
notched; jagged; crenate {bot)\ with big 
teeth; —6^, 6^Hue n dim toothlet, a 
small tooth; — 6eHT> a tooth (powder), 
of a tooth; dental, dentary; —66111. m 
toothlet, denticle; notch, cog; indent; 
— fla /, — JiK) m a person with big 
teeth; gaper, starer; — uh pi rod (in 
weaving;; — qecxb a toothed, cogged 
(wheel), dented, notched. 

3Al6n ce vpr to show one's teeth, put out 
the tongue; to grin, sneer, laugh at; to 
snarl (0/ a dog); — 6eHe n showing 
one's teeth, snarling; grinning; — Cemi. 
ce pres /-. 



H 



H conj and; also, too; when; even; npH 
TiiKaBo — T-bK-bBO M"fecTO, at such and 
such a place; — xji-feC-b h BOAa, both 
bread and water; — 331. cbiu-b ct»- 
rjiacenix I too am willing or of the 
same opinion; — xoraBa, and then? 
well? Tofl e He ca.vio npocTb ho — 
rjiynaB-b, he is not only an ignorant but 
a toolish person too; ejiBa npncTHr- 
HaxMe Ha rapara — Tpen-bx-b aoUac, 
we had barely reached the station when 
the train arrived; — x-bH — xt.*!, bcc 
MH e eAHO, it is the same to me, either 
way; Manap-b — Aa cbMt Sojieni., even 
though I am sick; no matter it I am 
sick; — Aa 6-bme x-bH, naK-b ry6HM-b, 



even if it were so, we are still the los- 
ers; — xaKa BHe cxe p'buiHjiH.Aa He 
oxHBaxe B-b napHiK-b, and so you have 
decided not to go to Paris. 

H pers pron f dat c her; asi. — Kasax-b^ 
I told her; mo Aa — npaBs, what can 
I do for her? I can't help her; poss pron 
her; KHHraxa — , her book; uianKara — , 
her hat. 

HfiHCb m ibis (orn). 

hCphkii mt ewer, water-pot, jug. 

HGpHinHM'b mt silk thread; silk. 

HBa / withy, osier; — bobi* a withy, osier 
(branch). 

HBHua / strip, stripe, fillet, band; streak; 
— 3eMti, a strip of land; na — uh, 
striped; striated; — BHMKa / dim small 
strip; bandlet. 

HXJi^/ needle; pin; quill (of a porcupine), 
prickle; brooch; uieBua — , sewing 
needle; sjiaxna — , gold pin or brooch; 
— jieHHK-b m needle-case or box; pin- 
cushion; — flCHT. a needle (work), of 
needle; — jiecxb a prickly, thorny, fult 
of needles or prickles; echinate; needle- 
shaped, acicular; — Jiiiua/ dim a small 
needle; a pretty needle or pin. 

HrjiHKa/ primrose, cowslip (60/); — kobh 
pacxeHHH pi primulaceae. 

HFJioB^T-b a pointed, needle-shaped, prick- 
ly, thorny; — xocxb / pointedness, 
need e-formation; prickliness. 

HrjioBHAeu-b, — noA<i6eH"b a needle- 
shaped, acicular; — k6}kh pi echino- 
dermata; — jiiicrH pi acicular plants. 

HFC n yoke; bondage, thraldom; noAi* — 
xo, under the yoke. 

Hrpd / play; game, sport; fun; trick; 
playing, acting; AtxHHCKa — , child's 
play; — c-b xonKa, ball-game; — xa 
uape, chess; xasapxna — , game of 
chance; — Ha AyiMH, play uoon words; 
xoBa e noA^ia — , that is a mean trick; 
OjiHMnHflcKH — PH, Olympian games; 
o6HiaM'b — pHT-fe, I am fond of sport. 

Hrpaji^U-b m player; gamester. 

HrpdJiHiue v HrpHiue. 

HrpdjiKa /, —AG n, — ue n dim, — qnua 
/ dim p'aything, trinket, toy. 

lirpaM-b va vn, — ne n, — ht. ppp v ht- 
pan. 

Hrp^qi. m player; dancer; KOMapo — , 
gambler; — Ha BAi>Kei rope-dancer, ac- 
robat; — Ha KapxH, card-player; — mh- 
x-b 6-bxa bi. BeceAo HacxpoeHHe> the 



Hrpaa 



172 



HxcAHBaaaMi* 



dancers were in excellent spirits. 
rpAfl va vn to play; to dance; — na 
KapTH, to play cards; — KOMapb, to 
gamble; — poJifl, to play a part; — h*- 
Koro, to dupe or fool a person; — na 
xopo, to dance; rt ch — ti. ct. Hero, 
ttiey are making sport of him; as-b He ch 
— , I am not jesting or trifling; flt.ua- 
TE CH — T-b Ha ABopa, the children 
are playing (with each other) out in 
the yard; boAhhuht^ — ti. ua nojie- 
TO, the soldiers are being drilled out 
doors; Mopero — e, the sea is gay or 
playful; — ce vpr to be played; to be 
danced; He rptOBa Aa ce — e bt. HeA*- 
Afl, one shouldn't play on Sunday; — e 
MH ce, I feel lilce playing or dancing; 
T03H Tani^-b ce — e MAiqHO, this dance 
is hard to perform; — ene n playing; 
play; dancing, dance; fooling, jesting; 
— ejiT. app\ —CHI* ppp; — emi. pres p. 

nrp£m> v Hrpa<ib. 

HrpHB-b a playful, lively, vivacious, frolic- 
some; —BO ad playfully, vivaciously; 
— BocTb / — ness, vivacity, liveliness. 

HrpHiiia / dim a little play, game, sport. 

HrpHote n play-ground, athletic field, col- 
iseum. 

HrpOBdAl* V XOpOBOA1>. 

Hry^ua / iguana {zool). 

HryMeH-b m abbot; superior, prior; — Ka 
/ abbess, prioress, lady-superior; — ckh 
a abbot's, of an abbot; — ctbo n abbot- 

^ ship. ^ 

HAa vn to come, go; — Aa bh KaiKa, I 
come to tell you; bch>iko — Ae napeAi*, 
everjrthing comes out all right; — Ae mh 
Ha yM-b 3a, that makes me think of; 
-AC My orpiUKH, it comes easy to 
him; — Aeme mh Aa ro yAapn, I felt 
like hitting him; — Ae My aa cMtTKa, 
that pays him well; it is in hisfavo(u)r; 
— AC MM Ao6p-b oTi. Tosa, this makes 
me feel better; — ah-aoAah ad it 
doesn't matter so much; — a^tc ro no- 
BHKaffre, go and call him; — a^tc ch 
OT-b TyKa, go or get away from here! 
T03H uBtT-b My — AeAoSpt, this col- 
o(u)r is becoming him; Karo — Aeji-b, as 
he was coming; — achc n coming, go- 
ing; — AeflKH, — Aemi> presp\ — acht., 
— Aeu^-b a coming (generation), next 
(year, etc); —mtn-b ppp. 

HABaM-b vn come, go; — aKO e xySaao 
BptMero, I should come if the weath- 



er is good; ToA qecro —me j Haci>» 

he used to visit us often; — Ji-b ppp; — 
He n coming; — mT> pres p; v hab. 

HAeajiHsyBaM-b va to idealise (-lize);— ne n 
idealising, idealisation; h HAeajiH3auiHa. 

HAedjii> m ideal; — ;iH3i>M-b m idealism; 
— jiHCTb m idealist; —ho a ideally; — 
HOCTb / ideality. 

HACHTHqeH-b a identic, — al; —ho ad 
identically. 

HAeojidrbm ideologist; -rfiqecKB a ideo- 
logical; — rHH / ideology. 

HA^H / idea, notion, conception; cause; 
np-feKpacua — , a fine idea; c^iaaaH- 
CKara — , the Slavic Cause; — eHi» a 
idea, of an idea; ideal; of a cause. 

HAHJiHH / idyl; — jiitqecKH a idyllic. 

HAHOM-b m idiom; — MariiqecKH a idioma- 
tic, — al; ad idiomatically. 

HAHdri* m idiot, insane, fool; — Tiis-bM-b 
m idiocy; —ckh a idiotic, idiotical; ad 
like an idiot; —ctbo n idiocy, insan- 
ity; stupidity. 

HAOJionoKJi6HHHin> m idolater, worship- 
per of idols; — Ka / idolatress; —ckh, 
— qecKH a idolatrous; — crao n idol- 
atry, idolism. 

HAOJi-b m idol; —ckh a idol, idol's, of an 
idol; idolatrous. 

He3yHTi> m Jesuit; —ckh a Jesuitic, — al; 
ad JesuiticaJy, like a Jesuit. 

Hepdpx-b m hierarch; —ckh, — xriqeH-b a 
hierarchal, hierarchical; ad — ly; — xhh 
/ hierarchy; — inecrao n hierarchy, the 
office of a hierarch; — mecTByaaM-b vn 
to be a hierarch, perform the office of 
a hierarch. 

Hep6fi m priest; —ckh a priestly, of a 
priest; —ctbo n priesthood. 

HeporjiH4)i> m hieroglyph; — 4)HqecKH a 
hieroglyphic, — al. 

HCpOAHKOH-b m regular deacon; — ctbo« 
office of a regular deacon. 

HepoMOH^x'b m regular priest, monk- 
priest. 

HMCAHB^BaMi. va to spend, expend; to 
exhaust (one's strength); — BptMero 
ch Hanpa3HO, to spend one's time to 
no purpose, in vain; to lose, waste one's 
time, trifle one's time away; MHoro na- 
PH 6Him — BeHH, much money had 
been expended; — sa noaeqe oTb koji- 
KOTO acMa, he spends more than he 
gets; — ce vpr to be spent, expended; 
to be used up, exhausted; — hc h spend- 



H36a 



178 



H36jI'bCKBaM'b 



Ing, expending, laying out; — b^hhc n 
expense, expenditure; outlay, cost; — 
B^Hi. ppp spent, expended; used up, 
exhausted; — emjii. app. 

H36a / celJar; mud-hut. 

H36dBa V H36aBjieHHe. 

H36aBMTejib m deliverer, saviour, liber- 
ator; H H36dBHHK'b m; — jiCH-b a sav- 
ing, liberating. 

HsG^BSM-b va to deliver, free, set free 
from; to save, rescue; — bh uacb on* 
jiyKasHfl, deliver us from evil; xoft mc 
— BH CTi> SBHa CM-bpTb, he saved me 
from a sure death; — b^tc mc ott. to- 
sh qoBtKt>, free me from that man; — 
ce vpr to be delivered, saved, freed, set 
free; to free, save or deliver oneself; to 
get rid of; e;iBaM-b ce — bhxt. oti. HOr- 
THT'b Ha GaHKepHua, I got rid of the 
clutches of the banker with great dif- 
ficulty; eABaiMT. ce — sHx-b ott. y^a- 
BHue, I came pretty near drowning my- 
self; —He n delivering, saving, freeing; 
getting rid of; — seHi. ppp delivered, 
freed, set free; saved, rescued; rid of; 
— Bji^HHC n deliverance, liberation; res- 
cue; salvation. 

H36dHCAaM-b V H36o>KAaMl>. 

H36dH9M-b va to give a bath to; to wash; 

— ce vpr to take a bath; —Hem. ppp 
given or taken a bath, bathed. 

H36HBaMi> va to lose, destroy, kill all, 
slaughter, massacre, exterminate; to 
pommel, break, smash; to churn out 
milk; vn to form into a head {of a 
boil); BCHiKH boHhhuh 6MAOxa — th, 
all of the soldiers were killed; — H-fe- 
KOMy 3;R.6HTt, to knock off, break or 
smash one's teeth; utjioTO nacejieHHe 
6hjio —to, the whole population was 
slaughtered, massacred, exterminated; 

— ce vpr to be killed, destroyed; to be 
smashed, broken; to be churned; to 
form itself into a head {of aboil); —He 
n killing, destroying, exterminating; 
smashing, breaking oft; extermination, 
annihilation; massacre; —em., — tt. ppp 
killed, destroyed, slaughtered; broken 
off, smashed. 

HsSHKajidMi. va to go around, come a- 
rouad, walk around, turn round, circle 
round; ne n going around, walking 
around; roundabout way, turning round; 
— Kdjiem. ppp gone around, encircled. 

H36HpaM-b va to choose, elect, select; to 



single out; to prefer; — 6ep6Te ch ko- 
roTO mere, choose whom you like; Totf 
6inTkt — 6pdm> 3a nptAceAarejib, he 
was elected president; iwene — 6pixa 
3a Ta3H A-n'b>KHocTb, I was chosen or 
selected for this position; — ce vpr to 
be chosen, elected, selected; Aoe-bp-b 
MOBtKi. TptCsa Aa ce — pe, a good 
man should be chosen; — 6pi ce 3a bv 
napjiaMenra, he was returned to Par- 
liament; -pieMi. aeligible, qualified;— 
He n choosing, selecting (one's friends), 
electing (for a political office); election; 
selection; — pAq-b m chooser, selector; 
voter, elector; — 6p6jii. app; — 6pa- 
HHKi>m choice, candidate; -CpiHi. ppp 
chosen, elected, selected; a chosen, e- 
lect, select, choice (society), picked 
{men). 

H36HpdTejib m elector, voter; chooser; — 
jiem. a elective, electoral; — jiem. np-feji- 
MeT-b, elective course or study; -ho 
npaBo, elective right or franchise; —na 
AJi'bMiHOCTb, elective office; —ho ct.- 
6paHHe, electoral assembly; — ctbo n 
body of electors, constituency. 

H36HCTpK)BaM-b, — TpHMi. va to Clarify, 
filter (water), clear up, explain (matters); 
— ce vpr io be clarified, filtered, cleared 
up; to clear up {of the sky, etc), get 
clear, brighten up; — ne n clarifying, 
filtering; clearing up; clarification; — 
Tpem. ppp clarified; cleared up, be- 
come clear or bright. 

HsdHeH-b, — eiiTT. ppp, —•6An'b. app v h3- 

6HBaM-b. 

HsCHTiK-b m scum; superfluity. 

HsSiiqBaMi. va to saw up, saw all, saw 
in pieces; — ce vpr to be sawed up, 
all sawed {of timber); — ne n sawing 
up, sawing all; — qem. ppp sawed up, 
ail sawed. 

H36jiH>KBaM-b, — 6nA3BZiVi-h va to lick up,, 
lick out, lick clean; — ce vpr to be 
licked, all licked. 

H36jiHK(Hy)BaM-b vn to gush, spring, well 
up, burst forth; to issue, flow; — ne rt 
bursting forth, gushing forth; BOAae — 
najia e-b T'fexHHa shmhhki., water has 
burst open or gushed forth in their cel- 
lar; -CjiMK-bm outburst (of enthusiasm). 

H36jIidBaM'b V H36'bJIBaM'b. 

H36ji-bCKBaM-b va to push out, jostle out, 
drive out; — ce vpr to be pushed out; 
—He n pushing out; — Kani ppp pushed 



H36jI-bAHtBaM-b 



174 



HsS-fcrBaM-b 



out, forced out, jostled out. 

HsSjitAHtsaMi. vn to grow pale, become 
pallid; to fade; —ue n turning pale; 
fading; — utji-b ppp grown pale; faded. 

H36jiiiKaMi> va to open (one's eyes) wide; 
— uieH-b a goggled (eyes). 

iH366ABaM-b va to prick out (one's eyes); 
— ACHT. ppp,—66a-bapp\vi RaSo^AaM'b. 

H36o34BaM'b va to suck out dry; to drain; 
— ce vpr to be sucked out; — ne n 
sucking out; — 3aH-b a sucked out, all 

^ sucked. 

jf36op-b m choice; selection; election; cbo- 
6oAeH-b — , free choice; toH e neil- 
HHH — , he is her choice; AenyrarcKH 
— PH, elections for deputies or national 
representatives; — peHi> a elective (right 
or franchise), voting (ballot), polling 
(booth), electoral (manifesto), election 
(returns), returning (officer), voting 
(paper;; — HocTb / eligibility, electoral 
qualification. 

«36paHHK'b m person elected or chosen, 
candidate, choice. 

A36pHCBaM1> V H36-bpCBaMl>. 

H36p6ABaM'b va to go over, wander over, 
stroll over, ramble over; toB e — ahjii> 
U'bdHfl CB'feT'b, he has wandered over 
the whole world. 

'H36po^BaM-b va to count up, count down, 
reckon up; to sum up (facts, etc); — ce 
vpr to be counted, reckoned; to be 
enumerated, summed; — hc n counting; 
•— ^HT, ppp counted up, summed up 
(facts, etc). 

.H36pyjiBaM'b va to beat, knock or strike 
off (fruit, etc); — jieu-b ppp beaten or 
shaken off, wind-fallen (fruit); h h3- 
6pycBaMi>. 

-H36pi>H4dBaM-b vn to jingle, clink, clank; 
—He n jingling, clinking, clanking; 
jingle, clink, clank. 

H36pic(Hy)BaM'b va to shave, shave 
oif, give a shave; — ce vpr to shave 
oneself, give oneself a clean shave; to 
be shaved; —He « shaving; — Har-b ppp 
shaved off, clean-shaved. 

HaCyKHyaaM'b vn to shoot up, bud, grow 
rapidly. 

-Hj6yTBaM-b va to push, shove, jostle out; 
to churn (butter); — ce vpr to be 
pushed or jostled out (of a place ; to be 
churned; — ne n pushing out, driving 
out; — TaH-b ppp pushed out; churaed. 



HaCyr^BaM-b vn to rot, grow or become 
putrid, carious; —He n rotting, growing 
carious; — rtjii. ppp carious, rotten, 
putrid, decomposed. 

H36yxBaM-b vn va to beat out, clean by 
beating; to thrash. 

H36yx(Hy)BaM-b (-na) vn to burst out, 
forth, break out; to light up, take fire; 
to explode; ori.Hb — na bt* Kx.maTa, 
fire oroke out in the house; B'b3CTa- 
HHero 6* Bene — uajio, the insurrec- 
tion had broken out already; BHe3anHO 
MMHara — na, suddenly the mine ex- 
ploded; —He n bursting out, forth, break- 
ing out; exploding; explosion; outbreak; 
flash, fit (of anger, etc); — na^ni. ppp. 

H36yqKBaM-b va to bore through, perio- 
rate all; to prick all over. 

H36-b6pK)BaM'b, — 6'bp66pBaM-b va vn 
to blab out, mutter out, ejaculate; — 
ce vpr to be blabbed, muttered; — hc n 
blabbing; ejaculation; — 66peH-b ppp 
blabbed or muttered out. 

H36-bjiBaM'b va to vomit, throw up; to 
disgorge, pour forth {of a volcano); — 
ce vpr to be vomited, thrown up; to 
vomit, throw up; — ne n vomiting, 
throwing up; disgorging; disgorgement; 
— H-b ppp vomited, disgorged. 

H36-bp3BaM-b vn to Hasten up, come be- 
fore, take the lead. 

H36-LpHyBaMi> va to turn, turn up or 
back; — ce vpr to be turned; to turn 
around, up or back; to turn oneself 
round, look back; v o6bpHyBaM-b. 

H36-bpcBaM-b (-uia) va to wipe out (a 
glass, etc), rub out, brush out (one's 
hat, etc , brush oft (the black board); 
— ce vpr to wipe oneself; to be wiped, 
rubbed or brushed out; to be brushed 
off, cleaned; —He n wiping; brushing 
out; orushing off, cleaning (one's clothes); 
— caji-b app; — can-b ppp wiped out, 
brushed out; brushed off, cleaned. 

H36-brBaM-b (-na) va to run out, get 
away from, run off, astray; to flee out 
of, escape 'from; to avoid, shun; to get 
out of the way; 3aTBopHHUHT-k — raxa 
OT-b sareopa, the prisoners got away 
from their prison; xofl — aa Aa ce 
cpemne ci. nero, he avoids meeting 
him; — Battre jiouih Apyrapn, shun, 
avoid (or keep away from) bad com- 
pany; aamo —re orroBopa mh, why 



HsG-bJiBaM-b 



175 



do you evade answering me? ABoftKara 
— ra.na. the couple had run away; — 
rax-b My, I got away troni him, I eluded 
him; — ce vpr to be avoided, escaped; 
to be eluded; onacHOCTbTa He Mo>Ke 
ce —He, the danger is unavoidable; 
TptGsa Aa ce — r-b hoaoShh nenpn- 
5ITHH pa6oTH, one should avoid such 
unpleasant affairs; — ne n running a- 
way, olf, astray; getting away, fleeing 
out, off, escaping; avoiding, shunning; 
eluding; escape (trom danger); avoidance 
(of unpleasantness), evasion (of a ques- 
tion;; —H^La'bapp; —narb ppp avoided; 
— JKHM-b a avoidable. 
MsStjisaM'b va to whiten, bleach; to 
whitewash (a house); — ce vpr to be 
whitened, bleached {of cloth); to be 
whitewashed; — He« whitening, bleach- 
ing; whiting; — jieH-b ppp whitened, 
bleached; whitewashed; — jiAji-b ppp 
grown white; pale, faded. 

H364jIBaM-b V 06'fejIBaM'b. 

HsSicBaMb va to hang all, exterminate 
by hanging; bchmkh 6HAOxa — hh, all 
of them were hung; — ce vpr to be 
hung; —He n hanging, bringing to 
the gallows, executing by hanging; ex- 
ecution by hanging; — cem. ppp exe- 
cuted by hanging, hung. 

HSBdiKAaM-b va to take, take out, off, 
draw out, forth; to derive, extract; to 
subtract; — 3;K.6-b, to pull out a tooth; 

— napH H3-b A>Ke6a ch, to take out 
money from one's pocket; — ott. c;iy>K- 
6a, to remove from office; — opM- 
)KHe, to pufl out or brandish a weapon; 

— posoBo MacJio, to extract, derive, 
obtai], attar of roses; — Ha 6i>ji'b 
CBtTi>, to bring to light, to publish; — 
napH H3-b 6aHKaTa, to draw out money 
from the bank; — eAua cyma, to sub- 
tract a sum (from another;; — na- 
TCHT-b, to secure a patent; — ce vpr 
to be taken, taken out, off, away; to 
be drawn out; to be derived, extracted, 
obtained; to be subtracted {arith); — 
ce Ha nopTpeTii, to have one's picture 
taken, take down one's picture; — ne n 
taking out; drawing out; extracting; 
suotracting; subtraction (arith); secur- 
ing (a patent); extraction; pumping 
(water, etc); — Aem. pop taken out; 
drawn out; extracted, pulled {of a tooth); 



subtracted (arith); brought to light, 
published; obtained, secured; — ahjit. app. 

HSB^pa / curds, cheese-curds, whey- 
cheese. 

H3B^PABaM'b va to nab, surprise, inveigle, 
catch (in the act); to waylay; — ce 
vpr to be nabbed, surprised; — ne n nab- 
bing, surprising; — Aeu-b ppp nabbed, 
surprised, caught (in the act;. 

H3BapHBaM'b va to extract by boiling, 
boil out, decoct; — ce vpr to be boiled 
out, decocted; — ne n decocting; de- 
cocture. 

H3BdiiH'b a chiselled, sculptured, cut 

H3BeAa va v H3Be}KAaM'b. 

HSBeAH^^K-b, — H-bMci. m at once, all at 
orice; at the same time; right away, 
immediately, suddenly; — crana 60- 
rar-b, he became rich at once; bchikh 
— uaBA-fejoxa Bi) ABopa, all of them 
entered the yard at the same time or 
together; — ce saoCjiawH, it turned 
cloudy at once or immediately. 

H3B6>KAaM-b va to lead out, take to, bring 
to, out, take out; to raise, breed, hatch 
(chickens, etc); — na paaxoAKa, to 
take out for a walk; — kokouikh, to 
raise chickens (of ones o-vn,; — ce vpr to 
be lead or taken out; — ce 3a K^aue, 
to be lead to be slaughtered; nujiera c& 
ce — B^jiH, chickens have been hatched 
out; —He n leading or taking out, con- 
ducting; raising, hatching (chickens, etc); 
— ACHb ppp taken or lead out, to; con- 
ducted; raised, hatched; — b^jit. app. 

H3BeApnBa ce vpr it is becoming serene, 
it is clearing up (of the weather); —pit 
ce, it has become serene, it has brigh- 
tened or cleared up. 

H3B^3BaM-b va to embroider all, finish 
embroidering; — ce vpr to be all em- 
broidered. 

H3Bepr-b m outcast; scum 'of society, etc). 

H3Bep>K^HHe n excrement; refuse. 

H3BeXTHBaM-b V yBeXTHBaM-b. 

H3BHBaMb va to twist, wring, wring out 
(clothes); to wrench, wrest; to wind up, 
turn, bend (one's way); to bead; to lift 
up, raise up (one's hand); -fire ro 
MaJiKO, twist or bend it up a little; — 
BH H ro yAapn no rjiasara, he raised 
his hand and struck him on the 
head; tosh n^iTb mhofo — Ba, that 
road winds up a great deal; — ce vpr 



176 



■3BO)KA«M'I> 



to be twisted, wrung, turned, bent; to 
twist, wring, turn, bend, coil up; to 
wind up; to wriggle; —He n twisting, 
wringing, turning, bending, coiling (of 
a snake); —ewb, — tt. ppp twisted, 
wrung, bent, turned; a twisted, wind- 
ing (stairs), curved. 

HSBMB-b m curve, bend, twist, crook; h 
H3BHBKa/; — JiHHik, — TOCTb / sinuos- 
ity, anfractuosity, winding. 

H3BH}KAaM-b, —0,9 vo to inveut, devise; 
qyAHH pa6oTH ce — a-bxa, wonderful 
things have been invented; Hosa MOAa 
e — aena, a new mode, fashion or 
style is introduced. 

■SBHKBaM'b va to call, call out, to cry, out, 
shout to; to call over (names;, read the 
roll-call; to send for, summon; to ask, 
invite; vn to call out, cry out, shout; 
to yell out; to scream, shriek; — KaMre 
ro, call for him, call him out; send 
for him; — Ka bhcoko, he cried aloud, 
with a loud voice; — Ba np-b^H Aa ro 
noBpeAHT'b, he cries out before he is hurt; 
— Ka OTT. paAOCTb, he cried out for 
joy; — ce vpr to be called out, sent 
for, summoned; to cry aloud, shout; — 
He n calling out (by name), sending for 
(a person), crying out, shouting, yell- 
ing; — Kani* ppp called out; summoned 
(to court, etc . 

HSBHH^HHe n excuse, pardon; apology, ex- 
cusation ^ur); 6e3"i> — , without ex- 
cuses; CT» same — , you will pardon 
me; npocii — , I beg your pardon, I 
ask your pardon, excuse me. 

H3BHH^Hi> ppp excused; freed; v H3Bh- 

HSIBaM-b. 

H3BHHitM-b a excusable; v HSBHHHTejieH-b. 

H3BHHiiTe;ieH-b a excusable, pardonable, 
venial; by misadventure Our); —ho 
noBeAeHHe, excusable conduct; — na 
norptuiKa, excusable, pardonable mis- 
take; —Ha npHMHHa, excusable ground, 
justifiable cause; — hh o6cTOflTejiCTBa, 
extenuating circumstances; —ho hhcmo, 
a letter of excuse; —ho ad with ex- 
cuses; — HOCTb / excusableness. 

H3BHHdBaM-b vo to excuse, pardon, ex- 
culpate; to apologise (-gize) for; to forgive; 
to free, exempt; — h^tc r-ne, I beg 
your pardon, sir, excuse me, sir; I 
ask your pardon, sir; rofl e — nen-b ott. 
■3nHTi>, he is freed from examination; 
— ce vpr to excuse or exculpate one- 



self, apologise (-gize), make an apology; to 
throw the blame on others; to beg par- 
don; to be excused, pardoned; Toll ce 
nocTOflHO — Ba, he is always fiading 
an excuse or making excuses; nparnji-b. 
Aa ce — HH, he sent in his excuse; — 
Ba ce CT. cjiyrara, he lays the blame 
on his servant; nocT;R.nKaTa My ne mo- 
iKC Aa ce — HH, his conduct is un- 
justifiable; —He n excusing, pardon- 
ing, exculpating; freeing, exempting 
(from any service, etc); excuse; excul- 
pation; exemption; — Heni* ppp ex- 
cused, pardoned; freed, exempt. 

H3BHpaM'b vn to spring, issue, spout out, 
gush, bubble up, flow or run out, rise 
take its rise (of a river); to boil, boil 
away; HcK-bp-b —pa or-b Pujia Fljia- 
HHHa, Isker takes its rise from the 
Rilo-Mountains; ott. pa* —pa Ta3w 
ptKa, where does this river take its 
rise from? BOAara me -Bpn, the water 
will boil away; —He n springing up, 
issuing forth, spouting out; rising, aris- 
ing; boiling away; — aptji-b ppp boiled 
away, all gone by boiling or bub- 
bling; springed up, spouted out, gushed 
forth 

HSBHT-b a curved, bent, twisted, winding 
(stairs), sinuous (path); — rocTb / sinu- 
osity, anfractuosity; bend, curve. 

H3BjiaK'b V nOMoa. 

H3BjidqaM-b va to drag up, trail up, fetch, 
pull up by dragging; to card (wool, etc); 

V H3B;iHqaM'b. 

H3Bjieq^HHe n extract, abstract (of a book); 

digest; epitome; extraction; npasn — , 

to make an abstract; to make an a- 

bridgement. 
H3BjiHqaM-b va to draw, tow out, off or 

up, pull up or out, take out; to extract; 

to derive, obtain, get, gain; — B-bHi. 

OTT. KAiuara, to drag out of the house; 

— ncnsa, to derive a benefit from; 

— Ky6HqecKH Kopen-b. to extract the 
cubic root; — ce vpr to be drawn or 
dragged out; to be extracted; to be 
derived, obtained; —He n drawing or 
dragging out or up; deriving, obtaining; 
extracting, extraction (of a square root, 
etc); — "Bji-feqcH-b ppp dragged up, drawn 
or pulled up; extracted; derived, obtained. 

H3BH;KTpt V H3Bff,Tp^. 

ii3BOA'b m extract, abstract (of a book). 
HSBdxcAaM-b V HSBexcAaMi.. 



H3B03BaM1> 



177 



HSB'bpniBaM'b 



H3B63BaM'b va to truck out, convey by 
truck; — ce vpr to be trucked out; — 
He n trucking out; — aen-b ppp trucked 
out; — B03i» m truckage, trucking; ex- 
portation. 

HBBOJi^saM'b va to grant, allow, permit. 

^SBOp-b m source, spring, fountain, well; 
well-spring; geyser; n^aHMHCKH — , 
mountain spring; — Ha MCHBa BO^a, a 
spring of living water; ropeuii — , hot 
spring; — Ha ptKa, source of a river: 

— B-b napKi>, fountain; — na BcnqKO 
6n\To, a source of all blessings; —pern. 
a spring (water), of a spring or a fountain. 

HSBpar^H'b a perverted, depraved; — HOCTb 
/ perverseness, perversity, depravity. 

H3BpaTi> m wrongside; na — , wrongside 
out, hind side foremost, 

H3BpduiaM-b va to turn over, up, turn 
upside down, turn the wrong side out; 
to throw down (in wrestling); -- ce vpr 
to be turned over, up or wrong side 
out; to be thrown down; — ne n turning 
over, up; turning the wrong side out; 
throwing ddwn; — rem. ppp. 

HSBpamditaM'b ''-rti) x/a to pervert, distort; 

— ce vpr to oe perverted, distorted; 
—He n perverting (the meaning of), 
distorting (the truth); — Bpar^H-b ppp. 

H3BpeiudBaM-b vn to cry out, scream, yell 

out. 
HSBpimaM-b vHSBpaoiaMbH oCpauiaiM-b. 

HSBp-LSBaM-b V HSB-bpSBaM-b. 

HSBpix'b ad from the top, with the top 
first, head first; from above. 

HSBp-bCKBaRfb V H3BpeU(HBaM-b. 

H3Bi>KAaM-b {-m) va to breed, rear, 
raise; v paaB-bMCA^M-b. 

H3B-iHKa ad v HaB-bHi.. 

HSB-bHMipeH-b a excssive, immoderate, 
exorbitant; —ho ad — ly; — nocTb / 
excess, immoderation, exorbitancy. 

HSB'bHp^AeH-b a extraordinary, unusual, 
excessive, extreme; H-fema hhuio —ho 
BT. TOBa, there is nothing extraordi- 
nary or unusual in this; —ho ad ex- 
traordinarily, unusually; — HOCTb /ex- 
traordinariness, remarkableness; rarity, 
oddity. 

H3B-&H-b ad from without, externally, on 
the outside; prep outside, beyond, out 
of, outside of; besides; 6oflAHCBaMi> — , 
to paint from without; ynoTpt6iiBaM'b 
— , to use externally {of medicine, etc); 



TOfll e — ceCe ch, he is besides him- 
self; — noprara, outside the gate; — 
HeroBHT^ CHjiH, beyond his power, out 
of his reach; — nxim, out of the way,, 
improper; — ecTecTseH-b a unnatural^ 
supernatural, extraordinary. 

HSBipB^BaM-b va to go, pass over, traverse, 
travel through, go through or over, 
walk through (a distance), cover up; 
Tofl e — B-feji-b u-bjii. CB'bT-b, he has 
traversed (or travelled through) the whole 
world; —He n walking or going through, 
traversing; — B-bn-b ppp walked or gone 
through, marched through, covered. 

HSBlpsyBaM'b va to tie up, tie together, 
chain (prisoners) together; — ce vpr to 
be tied or bound together; to be chained; 
—He tying up or together; chain- 
ing up; — saHT. ppp tied up or together; 
chained together. 

HSB-bpna V H3Bp'bui.aiM-b; — ti. ppp turned 
over; with the inside out, with the 
wrong side out. 

H3B-bpTaM-b va to bore out, drill out (a 
hole); to cut (a screw), tap (a cask); to 
twist, draw out by turning, turn up, turn 
out of place; to roll (ones eyes); to 
put out (the eyes); to distort, pervert, 
put a false construction on; — ch rbp6a 
K-bM-b HtKoro, to turn one's back to 
one; — oqn Karo hjiohh, to roll out 
one's eyes big, put out the eyes; — 
MHCbJibTa, to put a bad construction 
upon the meaning (of a word, etC)\ — 
HCTHHara, to distort the truth; — ce 
vpr to be bored, drilled (of holes)-, to 
be twisted; to be distorted; to turn, turn 
around, get loose, come off; — ne « 
drilling, boring, making holes into; twist- 
ing (one's arm, etc), turning up or around; 
rolling (one's eyes), distorting (a truth); 
distortion; — tcht. ppp bored or drilled; 
twisted, turned up; rolled up; put out 
{of the eyes); distorted. 

H3B^pX-b V H3Bpi>X'b. 

HSB'bpuiBaM'b va to accomplish, perform^ 
execute, carry into effect, carry out; 
aai. me ro —ma, I will do it; — Be- 
jiHKH noABH3H, to perfomi great ex- 
ploits; — qyAHH <})OKycH, to do or 
perform wonderful tricks or feats; — 
ce vpr to be accomplished, performed, 
executed, carried out; uauiHT^ nAano- 
12 



■3rbT|rfc 



178 



ii3racBaMi> 



Be Tptfisa AS ce — r-b, our plans 
should be carried out, —He n accomp- 
lishing, performing (a ceremony), exe- 
cuting, carrying out; accomplishment, 
execution, realisation (-zation;; — iucht. 
ppp accomplished, performed, executed; 
aa — uieua paSora, tor work done. 

HSSiTpt V H3B&Tp-b. 

HaaieH-b ppp winnowed; a half-witted, 
cracked, crazy; —ho ad stupidly; — 
HOCTb / stupidness, stupidity. 

■SB'icTCH'b a known, noted, renowned, 
famous, celebrated; certain; roll e AoGpt 
— , he is well known; — HOBtKT»,a cer- 
tain person; a-b — hh cJiynaH, in cer- 
tain cases; on certain occasions; —ho 
e imp V it is known, it is a well known 
fact; —HO jih my e, is he aware of, 
does he know of. is he acquainted with 
(the fact)? —HOCTb / publicity, fame, 
reputation, repute; 40B-bK'b ci. — 
HOCTb, a man of note, a noted person. 

HSBtcTHe n news, tidings; intelligence, 
information, advice, word; report, inti- 
mation; notice, announcement, adver- 
tisement; npHHTHO — , pleasant news, 
message, good tidings; cKp'b6HO — , sad 
news, sad tidings; npaTCTe mh — , send 
me word, let me hear from you; Ht- 
MaMit HHKaKBO — OTi* Hcro, I have 
no news from him; nothing is heard 
of him; BoeuHH — n, military bulletin; 
army journal. 

HsafecTHTeinb m informer, messenger, har 
binger. 

HSB'bcT^BaM'b va to announce, let know, 
inform, make known, acquaint with, 
notify, send word to, communicate, ad- 
vise; to advertise, publish; — bt. atcT- 
HHi^HT-fe, to announce in the papers; 
— T^re MH Ha ap-bMe, send me word 
in time, let me know in time; — rnx-b 
Ha noAHunara, I notified the police 
authorities; HMaMi* <iecTb Aa Bh —tr, 
I have the hono(u)r of letting you know, 
or of informing you of; — ce vpr to 
be announced, informed, notified, ac- 
quainted with; to be advertised; ne My 
ce — TH Ha Bp-feMe, he was not informed 
or notified in due time; — aa ce na 
BCHHKH rpaiKAaHH, notice is given to 
all citizens, all citizens are being no- 
tified; —He n announcing, letting know, 
informing, notifying; giving or sending 



notice; announcement, notification, in- 
formation; notice, advice, warning; — 
T^HT. ppp announced; notified, informed, 
acquainted with, posted on, aware of. 

HSB^TpAaaM-b va to air, ventilate (a 
room); vn to evaporate; to become 
vapid (of wine, etcy, to abscond; — ce 
vpr to be aired, ventilated; — ne n 
airing, ventilating; evaporation, exhala- 
tion, vapidity; — B-brpeHi* ppp aired, 
ventilated; — Btrp-feji'b ppp evaporated, 
exhaled; vapid (wine), flat, mawkish. 

H3Bix(Hy)BaM-b vn to wither, fade, droop; 
to be blighted; — ne « withering, fading 
away, drooping; — naji-b a withered, 
faded; drooping. 

HSBiflH'b V H3B-keH'b. 

H3B«.Tp-b ad from within, internally; 
prep inside of; saKJUoiBaMi. — , to 
lock from within; aseMaM-b JitKi. — , 
to take a medicine internally. 

H3r^3(y)BaM'b va to tread over, down, 
upon, trample down or over, press with 
the feet, — ce vpr to be trampled, 
trodden over, crushed, pressed; — ne n 
trampling, treading down, crushing; — 
rdsen-b ppp trampled, trodden over, 
crushed (of grass, etc). 

Hsraji^TBaM-b va to polish, refine; to 
spoil (a child); — ce vpr to become 
polished, refined; to be spoiled; — ne 
n polishing, refining; spoiling; — t^ht. 
ppp polished, refined; spoilt (child). 

H3r6paMi> vuio burn, burn down, consume 
by fire; to cauterise (-ize) (a wound); to 
parch, scorch; to blast, swelter; to brand 
(with iron); to ruin; vn to burn, burn 
down; — cejio ao aeMHxa, to burn 
a village to the ground; jiaMSara — 
pa, the lamp is burning out; rofl — ro- 
p-fe qoB-feKa, he ruined the man; — ce 
vpr to be burned, burnt; to burn one- 
self; —He n burning; cauterising, cau- 
terisation (of a wound); cremation (of 
a body). 

H3rdcHyBaMi> (-na) vn to go out, be 
extinguished; or-bHtr-b e — na^n*, the 
fire is out; —He n going out; extinguish- 
ment; extinction; — najii. a h ppp gone 
out, out, blown out {of a lamp); extin- 
guished; extinct. 

HsrdcBaM-b va to blow out, extinguish, 
put out; — c6Te or-bHti, blow out, put 
out the fire (lamp, etc); jiecHO — cHxa 



HSrHHBaM-b 



179 



Hsropi* 



noxtapa, the fire or conflagration was 
easily put out; —He n blowing out, 
putting out, extinguishing; extinguish- 
ment; — c6ht. ppp blown out, put out, 
out, extinguished. 

HsrHHsaM-b vn to perish, die, be lost; 
— HaxMe, we are lostl —He n destruc- 
tion, death; bchhkh 6tjKa — najiH B-b 
MopeTo, all of them had perished in 
the sea 

Hsrji^ABaM'b va to smooth up, over, plane, 
level, polish; to iron (linen), press (one's 
pants, etc); to even up, settle up (a dif- 
ficulty); — acre ro MajiKO, smooth it 
over a little; — ce vpr to be smoothed, 
polished; to be ironed; to be made up, 
evened up, settled; — ne n smoothing; 
pressing, ironing; settling (a misunder- 
standing); —B&m> m polisher, rubber; 
presser, laundryman; — a^ht. ppp 
smoothed up, over; polished (wood); 
pressed (pair of pants); evened up, 
settled; h H3rjia>KAaM-b. 

H3rjiaAHHBaM-b vn to get hungry, grow 
hungry, feel hungry; Atuara hccto — 
TT., children get hungry often or quickly; 
MHoro cbM-b — Ht;i-b, I feel, am feeling 
very hungry; — ne n getting or growing 
hungry; — ntfl-b ppp grown hungry, 
hungry; hungry-looking (person). 

Harji^ABaMii, — rji^MAawb va to look at, 
eye, watch, follow with the eyes, ogle; 
to gaze at; to size up; to look around, 
wonder at; to bring up, educate; MHoro 
jiouio Me — rji^Aa, he gave me an awful 
look; — rji€a,a\-b ro ct. cbxcajienHe, 
I looked at him with compassion or with 
a pitiful eye; — rji^^axa hh ct> np-fespe- 
HHCf they eyed us, looked down upon 
us contemptuously or with contempt; 
331. ro — rji^flaxT. ott. A-fere, I brought 
him up from a child; — rji6>KAa imp v 
it looks, it seems, it appears; — ce 
vpr to be brought, educated; tt.H — 
rn^iKOfl., it seems or appears so; imp 
V it seems, appears, looks; — ae n look- 
ing at, eyeing, following with the«yes, 
ogling; looking around, wondering at, 
scrutinising (-izing); bringing up, educa- 
tion; -rji6flaHT,/7/7p looked at, eyed,stared 
at, ogled; brought up, educated, bred. 

H3r;ieA'i> m view; look, aspect, appear- 
ance; prospect; GjiaropoAeHii — , a 
noble look, appearance; OTsparHTe- 
JiCH-b — , forbidding look, repulsive ap- 



pearance; Ha — , in appearance; Bhto- 
uia HMa xy6aB-b — , Vitosha has a 
fine view; ~tt. ua pafioTHTt ue e 
Ao6-bpi>, the outlook, prospect of things 
is not good; — -Tb My e BHyuiHTe^eH'b, 
his look or outside appearance is im- 
pressive, 

H3rji6>KABaM-b va to gnaw off, begnaw, 
benibble; —hc n gnawing off, cleaning 
(a bone); — Aan-b ppp gnawed, off, 
cleaned. 

H3rH^HHe n exile, banishment; bojiho — , 
self-exile; JKHstti bi. — , to live in 
exile; npauiaMi na — , to banish. 

H3rHdHHK-b m exile; proscript; — lecKM 
a exile, of exile, exile's; proscriptive; — 
qecTBo n exile, life of an exile, banish- 
ment. 

H3rHMBaM-b vn to rot, become rotten 
moulder, putrefy, decay; to dry-rot, be- 
come mellow, ripen (o/ pears); — ne n 
rotting, putrefying; putrefaction; — 
rHHji-b a rotten, dapple), decayed (tooth), 
putrefied, dry-rot (pear}. 

H3roB^p{iMi> va to pronounce, speak out, 
articulate; ne — pti AyMHT-fe ch hcho, 
he does not pronounce his words dis- 
tinctly; — ce vpr to be pronounced, 
spoken out, articulated; cahh 6yKBH 
He ce — TT., some letters are mute; — 
He n pronouncing, uttering, speaking 
out; pronunciation (of words, etc); ar- 
ticulation; — BdpeHT. ppp pronounced, 
uttered, articulated. 

HsroBopii m pronunciation, utterance, 
articulation; — Ka / adage, saying, by- 
word. 

H3r6Aa / advantage, benefit, interest, 
profit; AoiiAe iwy na — , it came his 
way; KaKsa — HMa bt. xyfl, what be- 
nefit is there in this? HHKaKBH —ah, 
no benefits, no advantages; —AeH-b a 
advantageous, profitable; beneficial. 

HsroHsaM-b va to drive out, away, off; 
to turn out, expel; to banish; — ao- 
6HT-bK-b, to drive out, off, cattle; — H3t. 
K«.u(aTa CH, to turn out, drive out, 
eject from one's house; — ce vpr to be 
driven out, away, off; to be turned out, 
forth; —He n driving out, turning out; 
expulsion (of an enemy); banishment; 
— HCHT. ppp driven out, turned out; 
expelled; banished. 

H3ropv m wreck caused by fire; — r6pa 
/ heart-destroyer; a charming maiden, 



■3rop%jrb 



— HHK-b m heart- destroyer; ruiner. 

ii3ropijit> a H ppp burnt; tarnished; 
scorched; MepHiue na — jio, it smells 
of burning; bchmkh 6hjih — jih whbh, 
all of them had been burned alive. 

HsropAsaM-b V HsrapiiM'b. 

HsrocTJBaM-b V HarocTHBaM'b. 

HSrdTBilH-b V HarOTBtlM1>. 

Hsro^Baifb V oroaBaiM-b. 

HsrpAiKAaM-b (-An) va to build out, erect, 
raise or set up (a building); to fence 
up, enclose with a fence or a wall, 
wall up; — ce vpr to be built; to be 
fenced; — ue n building up; fencing 
up; — A^Hi* ppp built up; fenced up; 
walled up. 

■3rp^6BaMi>, — rpd6BaM-b va to rake out, 
scrape out, in or off; to bale out (wat- 
er, etc); — ce vpr to be raked out {of 
leaves, etc), scraped out {of earth, etc); 
to be baled out; —He n raking out; 
scraping out; baling out; — Cbhi ppp 
raked out; scraped out {of food, etc); 
baled out {of liquids). 

■arpHSBaM-b va to gnaw out, off, clean 
out (a bone); — ce vpr to be gnawed 
out; —He n gnawing out; — aaui. ppp 
gnawed out, all gnawed. 

■arpiBBMi. vn to rise, shine up, forth 
(of the sun, moon, etc); j^cji-bHuero — 
Ba rop' Ha nAanHHa", the sun is 
showing forth up in the mountain; 
MtceqHHaTa e — jia, the moon is risen; 
—He n rising, rise, shining forth (of the 
sun, etc); sunrise; — rp-feji-b ppp risen; 
shone forth, up. 

H3rp^Bi> m rise, sunrise, rising (of the 
sun); east (fig); — CJibHue, sunrise. 

H3ry6a / loss. 

H3ry6BaM'b va to lose; — cm aApaseTO, 
to lose one's health; — KHnra, to lose 
or mislay a book; — 6h xyfiaBHn c;iy- 
qail, he lost a splendid opportunity; 
TBKa CH — Shxi* Bp-bmeHuieTo, I lost 
my precious time to no purpose; — 6h 
CH H yMa H AyMa, he lost his wits 
entirely; — ch hatb, to lose one's 
way; — ce vpr to be lost; to get lost; 
to lose oneself; — ^rxmc ce MexcAy 
rbJinara, we lost our way in the crowd; 
— «HJio ce e eAHO Kyqe, a dog is lost; 
— «h ce H T03H qoB-bicb, that man too 
went to ruin; cjuBuero ce — €h, the 
sun disappeared; — hc n losing; — Ceni. 



ppp lost; goDe, all over with; a lost, 
stray; — ficH-b c-bM-b, I am I^st, gone, 
undone; sa — 6eHO BptMe, for time 
lost; — 0eHO xcHBOTHO, stray animal; 
— 6eHa OBua, lost sheep 

H3ryuiBaM'b va to gut, disembowel (a 
fowl). 

HSri.jiTBaM'b va to swallow up all, swal- 
low down; — ce vpr to be swallowed 
up, down; — ne n swallowing up, down; 
—Tarn, ppp swallowed up, down; all 
swallowed. 

HsriHBaMb va to fold up, fold all (news- 
papers, etc ; — ce vpr to be folded; — 
He n folding; — uar-b ppp folded up; 
all folded. 

HsripGdM-b ce vpr to bow down, grow 
humpy, grow hump-backed; —6tHt> 
ppp bowed down, bent over; a humpy, 
hump-backed. 

Har-bpM^BaM-b vn to fire out, discharge 
(a gun); to thunder out; to cry out with 
a thundering voice; TonoBert — Mtxa» 
the cannons thundered out or roared; — 
M-b cTpaiuHO, it thundered out terribly; 
—He « thundering; thunder;- Mtji-bppp. 

HSA^BBMb va to publish (a book), edit (a 
paper), get out; to give out, sound, 
produce a sound; to give out, betray 
(a person), disclose (a secret); to shove 
out thrust out, poke out; give out all, 
give away all; rt mh — ti* cnncaHHe- 
TO, they publish my periodical, they 
are the publishers of my magazine; 
UHryjiKara — Ba ocT-bp-b sByKb, the 
violin gives out, produces, a sharp sound; 
— sBKOHb, to promulgate a law; — 
nocTaHOBjieHHe, to issue an ordi- 
nance; Tosa — Ba Jiouii* A^x-b, that 
gives out a bad smell or odo(u)r; npHfl- 
TejibTT, My ro — Aef his own friend 
betrayed him; —Are ch rjiaBara Hai* 
npoaopeua, show out, thrust your head 
out, of the window; bchmko ch — Ae no 
xopara, he gave everything he had to 
others; — ce vpr to be published, edit- 
edt to be given out; to give oneself 
out, betray oneself; to project, jut; to 
show out, appear; B'fecTHHirbTb ce — bb 
OT-b Ttx-b, they publish the paper, the 
paper is edited, is being edited by them; 
cBM-b ce — Ba, he betrays himself; — 
He n publishing (a book); publication; 
editing (a paper), getting out; giving 
out, producing (a sound), emission {of 



181 



H3AP«CKBai|-b 



a sound); betraying, betrayal; thrusting 
out, pulling out; jutting, projecting; 
projection; —Bimt, m v H3Aa<lHHKi>; — 
ACH-b ppp published, issued, put forth; 
promulgated; edited; given out; betrayed; 
poked out, projecting, jutting {of a pro- 
montory)', a relief (work). 

HSA^BHifb va to drown, drown all; to 
strangle, devour (sheep); — ce vpr to 
be drowned; to drown oneself; to be 
strangled, devoured; bch^kh ce — bh- 
xa, all were drowned; —He n drown- 
ing; strangling, devouring; — Ben-b n 
drowned; strangled, devoured {of sheep, 
etc). 

HSA^AHHK-b, — A^ttHHKi* m betrayer, trait- 
or, informer; — mcckh a treacherous, 
traitorous, perfidious, treasonable; — ly, 
treasonably; — qecTso n treason, treach- 
ery, perfidy. 

HSAaji^KO, — KT., — qe ad from far, from 
afar, at a distance; cJitkABaMi. H-bKO- 
ro — , to follow a person at a distance; 
AoxoiKAaM-b — , to come from afar, 
from a long journey; sanHTBaM-b — , 
to question in a roundabout way. 

H3AiM-b V HSAaaaM-b. 

H3AdHHe n edition; publication; opHrH> 
HajiHO — , original edition; n-bpao — , 
first edition, crape — , old edition. 

HSA^rejib m publisher (of a book), editor 
(of a paper); v H3AaltHHKi>; — ckh a 
publishing (firm or company), publisher's 
(price), of a publisher; — ctbo n publish- 
ing business. 

M3A^6(Hy)BaM-b va to surprise, nab, catch 
(in the act), waylay, spy, espy; — 
HaxMe HenpHHTejiH, we surprised the 
enemy; — ce vpr to be surprised, 
nabbed, caujht (in the act); — ue n sur- 
prising, nabbing, waylaying; surprise; 
ambush; —naT-b ppp surprised, nabbed, 
waylaid; caught in the act; — Somt. ad 
unawares, furtively, in a sly manner, 
stealthily. 

H3AHraMi> va to raise, raise up, lift, lift 
up, take; to up, set up, elevate; to raise 
up, erect (a building); — naMeTHHK-b, 
to raise up, rear a monument; — rjia- 
ca CH, to raise one's voice; — nep- 
Ae, to raise a curtain up; — p;K.KaTa ch, 
to lift up one's hand or arm; — suaiMe, 
to hoist up a flag; — rjiasara ch, to 
carry one's head high, put on airs; — 
paMCHara ch, to shrug one's should- 



ers; — AO Hail BHCOKl. IKB-b, tO 

raise up, elevate to the highest rank or 
position; — ce vpr to be raised, lifted, 
elevated; to raise, lift or elevate oneself; 
to rise, go up, get up; to be erected, 
set up, built; to overhang, threaten 
(of clouds, etc); 6ajiOBi>Ti> ce e — Ha;i-b 
BHCOKo, the balloon has gone high up; 

Toil ce —Ha Cb C06CTBeHH9 CH TpyAi*, 

he rose, raised himself through his 
own efforts; cjibHuero ce — ra, the 
sun is rising, is ascending; snaMe- 
TO ce —Ha, the flag was hoisted or 
run up; — ne n raising, lifting, elevat- 
ing; rising; erecting; erection; hoisting, 
running up; — naJi-b app. 

H3AHrHaTi> a h ppp lifted up, elevated; 
erected; — TOCTb / elevation, eminence. 

H3AHpaM-b va to tear (all over), rend, 
lacerate; to wear out (shoes, etc); — ce 
vpr to be torn, rent, lacerated (all over); 
to be worn out; — 3ApAH'b ppp all torn 
up, rent, lacerated; worn out. 

H3AiipBaMi> va to investigate, search 
into, find out, trace out, inquire into, 
look into; to explore; to be fastidious; 
— pHXb My raiiHHTt, I found out his 
secrets; ne Moroxb as ro —pa, I could 
not lind him; — pnx-b ch Kyqero, I 
found my dog; MHoro — aa, he is very 
fastidious; — ce vpr to be investigated, 
searched into, found out; Ta3H paGora 
rptSsa Aa ce — pH, this thing shou!d 
be investigated, looked into, inquired 
into; —He n investigating, tracing out, 
inquiring into; investigation, inquiry; 
discovery (of a truth); — sdq-b m invest- 
igator, inquirer, searcher; a fastidious 
person; — pcHi. ppp found out, discov- 
ered; traced out. 

H3AHuiaMi> vn to breathe, respire, breathe 
out, expire; to leak {of a fug, etc), es- 
cape {of air); 6oJiHHaT-b — uia reiUKO, 
the sick breathes heavily; — nen breath- 
ing, respiring; respiration; expiration. 

H3AA'b6^BaM-b y H3Al>Jl6aBaMl>. 
HSAJI'bHCdBaM'b V H3A1>JI>KaBaMl>. 

H3AO^BaMi> va to milk out, finish milking; 
— ce vpr to be milked out; — ne n 
milking; — 6ht. ppp milked. 

H3Ap^cKBaM-b va to scratch all over, cover 
with scratches; —ce t'prto be scratched 
all over, be covered with scratches; 
to scratch oneself all over; — ne n 
scratching; — kbhi. ppp scratched all 



ii3Apo0Bairb 



182 



HSA-bxCHy) 



over, covered with scratches; scrawled 
over, scribbled. 

HSAfK^BaM'b va to cut into small pieces, 
cut up, mince. 

H3AP'{>x<Ka / expenditure, outlay, cost, 
expenses; support; napHMHa — , iinan- 
cial support; bochhh — kh, war expend- 
iture; 3a HeroBara — bt* crpaHCTBo, 
for his support abroad; sa — ra na 
BottHara, for carrying on the war. 

HSAp'bHKsaM'b vn to ring out; to tinkle, 
jingle; sBineua — Ka, the bell rang 
out; nattTOHT>TT> — Ka, the carriage 
came around jingling; —He n ringing; 
tinkling, clashing (of arms), jingling. 

H3AP'bHABaMi> va to card out (wool, etc). 

H3AP'bCTHM-b va to beat out, scutch. 

HSAysaM-b va to inflate, puff up, swell, 
blow out; to bloat; — ce vpr to be in- 
flated, swollen, blowed out; to swell, 
puff up, grow turgid; to rise,': heave; — 
He n inflating, swelling; rising, heav- 
ing; inflation, tumefaction. 

HSAyMBaM'b va to speak out, speak freely; 
have one's say out; to finish speaking; 
to give a piece of one's mind (pop)', — 
ce vpr to be spoken. 

H3Ayn>iBaMi> va to bore, perforate, finish 
boring or perforating; to cover with 
holes; to pierce, cut, stick all over; — 
ce vpr to be bored, perforated; to be 
covered with holes; — ne n boring, 
perforating, covering all over with holes; 
—Mem. ppp bored, perforated; covered 
with holes; all holes. 

HsayTT. a inflated, swelled up, puffed up, 
turgid; — TOCTb / swelling, inflation; 
protuberance; tumofu)r. 

H3AyxBaMi> va to blow off, out, away, 
carry away, off, empty by blowing; — 
Hoca CH, to blow one's nose; — cevpr 
to be blown, blown off, out, away; — 
He n blowing out, off, away; ^xaHi> 
ppp blown; blown off, out, away. 

HSAyuiBaiH-b va v saAyiuRaM-b. 

H3Ai>BKBaM-b (-qa) va to chew out, mas- 
ticate. 

H3A'bAP«M-b V H3Al>PAOpBaMl>. 

H3A'bJi6^BaM'b va to hollow, make hollow; 
to hew out, dig out, delve; to chisel, 
mortise; to carve; to engrave; — ce 
vpr to be hollowed; to be hewed out, 
dug out, cut out; to be mortised; to be 
engraved; to deepen, become hollow; — 
He n hollowing, digging out, delving. 



hewing out; mortising; deepening; — 
66hi> ppp hollowed out, dug out, hewed 
out; hewn, carved, mortised; engraved, 
relief (work). 

H3A'bJi66Ko ad deeply; deep down, a long 
way under; in a roundabout way; mho- 
ro— , very deep; too deep, too far down. 

H3A'b<n>KdBaM-b va to pay out, up, off; 
to settle (a debt); to make up; -— 
ce vpr to be paid up, off, out; to 
pay up, off, out; to get even with; — 
He n paying up, off, out; — >k6ht. ppp 
paid up, off, acquitted, settled, liqui- 
dated. 

H3A'^HBaMi> va to knock out or off the 
bottom (of a cask, etc); — ce vpr to 
have the bottom taken or knocked off; 
to give way at the bottom; —He n 
knocking out the bottom; — neni) ppp 
having its bottom knocked off. 

HSA'bHKa / sprout, shoot, sucker. 

H3Ai>PA<ipBaM'b va to mutter out, blab 
out, blurt, grunt. 

H3Ai>pHcaM'b va to hold up, hold out, 
bear; to stand (a test), sustain (a siege), 
witstand (an attack), weather (a storm), 
pass, go through Can examination); to 
support, maintain; — cjiasna noG-feAa, 
to win a glorious victory; — ceMefl- 
CTBOTO CH, to support ouc's family; 
He M'^JKC Aa — >KH MA.KHT'b, he can't 
stand out, endure, bear the torture; Toff 
— >Ka 6ji-bCKaB-b HsnHT-b, he passed his 
examinations successfully, he did splend- 
idly in his examinations; — ce vpr to 
be supported, maintained; to be kept 
up; to keep up, hold out, subsist; to 
support oneself; — - ce na cboh pas- 
HOCKH, to pay one's own expenses; — 
He n supporting, maintaining, sustain- 
ing, keeping up; holding out. enduring, 
bearing; passing (an examination); sup- 
port, maintenance, sustenance; — hi* 
ppp held out, sustained, maintained, 
supported, passed {of an examination), 
won (of a victory); — Ka v H3AP'b>KKa. 

H3A'ix(Hy)BaM-b vn to breathe, take a 
breath; to gasp; to sigh; to expire, 
breathe one's last, give up the ghost, 
die: — na A'i><'i6oko, he took a deep 
breath, breathed deep, sighed deep; ne 
MOKeiMii Aa CH — HCMi* CTi> pa6oTa, 
we can't breathe from working hard; 
npHtiTeJibT-b HH —Ha, our friend 
breathed his last, gave up the ghost; — 



HSA'feflCTByBaM'b 



H3HCK(y)BaM'b 



He n breathing, breathing out; sighing; 
— Hajii> ppp breathed, sighed, taken one's 
breath; breathed his last, given up the 
ghost, expired, dead. 

H3AtflCTByBaMi> va to work out, obtain, 
procure, effect, bring about; aa-b My — 
x-b rasH CJiy>K6a, I got him that po- 
sition; — ce vpr to be obtained, pro- 
cured; Tpt6Ba Aa My ce — Ba neHCHH, 
a pension should be procured for him; 
— HC n procuring, obtaining; — ht, ppp 
procured, obtained. 

HSAt^BaM-b va to cut out, smocth^^over 
by hewing, whittle out or off, rough- 
hew, scapple; — ce vpr to be cut out, 
smoothed over by cutting or hewing, 
be rough-hewed, scappled; — hc n cut- 
ting out, hewing, scappliog, squaring 
(stones); whittling; — Jian-b ppp cut out, 
hewn, scappled, squared (stones), rough- 
hewn; whittled. 

H3A'i^<)iHe n work, piece of work, work- 
manship, handiwork; fabrication, make; 
EoiKHe — , God's work or handiwork; 
AOMauiHO — , home-made article; home 
or local fabrication; nptKpacHO — , a 
fine piece of work. 

HSA'feJiKBaM'b va to whittle off or out. 

HSw^jiBaM-b V np'feiKajiBaM'b. 

HS^TT. mt V TpyAi>, M».Ka. 

Ha^AHMK-b m blood-sucker, extortioner, 
grabber. 

H3eAH6 ad together, at once. 

H3eAH'b)K'b V H3BeAH'b>K'b. 

H3^>KAaM-b (-Aa) va to eat, eat up, eat 
out; to devour; to gnaw; to corrode; 
ecHMKO — ^Aoxa, they ate up all; ah- 
Bem> ro — ac, wild beasts devoured 
him; — s^ji* ch e xji-fe6a, is no good 
any more; — 6AOxa My rjiaBara, they 
ruined him; KopcM-b ro — ^ac, stomach 
trouble killed him; — ce vpr to be 
eaten; to be devoured; to corrode; o6y- 
luara c;iv ce —imn, the shoes are com- 
pletely worn out; wejitaoTO ce JiecHO 
— 6jKAa, iron corrodes easily; —He n 
eating, eating up, out; devouring; cor- 
rosion; — ^AeHT, ppp eaten up, out; 
devoured; worn out (shoes); moth-eaten 
(coat). 

H3>KeAHnBaM-b vn to get or grow thirsty; 
— HtJiT. c-bM-b 3a BOAa, I am dying 
for water; —He n getting or growing 



thirsty; — Htjii> ppp grown thirsty, 
thirsting, thirsty. 

H3»<^HBaM-b va to marry all (of one's 
sons, etc); — ce vpr to be married, be 
all married; BcnqKHT'b cm ce — HH^iHt 
all of them have got married; — He n 
marrying; — uen-b ppp married. 

H3}KHB4BaM'b VH to livc, survivc, go 
through; to live out one's time, be out 
of time; Atxero Ha-Aa-JiH me — e, it 
is doubtful whether the child can live, 
pull out, survive; — B-fejii* ch e Beie 
iKHBora, he has reached the limit of 
his life, has run out his course; — atJii* 
CH e B-bKa, he is behind times, is out 
of time. 

H3>KH}KaM-b va to burn, burn out, brand. 

H3>KH& V H3}K-bHBaM-b; — hAtT. ppp. 

HswyjiBaM'b va to rub out, off, away, 
wash by rubbing or scouring; to strike, 
hit {pop); — ce vpr to be rubbed; — 
He n rubbing, scouring; — Jieni. ppp 
rubbed, scoured, washed bright by rub- 
bing; hit, struck. 

H3HC'bHBaM'b va to reap, reap out; — ce 
vpr to be reaped; — naxb ppp reaped, 
all reaped. 

H33aTBdpflM'b va to shut all up; — ce 
vpr to be all shut; — ne « shutting all 
up; — BdpeHT. ppp shut, all shut; 
imprisoned. 

H33HABaMi>, — SHJKAaM'b va to wall up, 
build up, line up with stones or bricks; 
— ce vpr to be built up with mason- 
ry; —He n building up, walling up; — 
Aan-b ppp built up, walled up; erected. 

H33HMyBaMi> vtt to pass the winter. 

H3356BaM-b va to eat up, finish eating 
the oats {of a horse); — ce vpr to be 
eaten up, finished (of oats, etc). 

HSHrp^aaMi) va to play out, play to the 
end, linish playing; to deceive, cheat, 
fool, dupe (a person); Aa ch — cmt. 
Hrpara, let us finish our game; jiouio 
CA4. ro — JiH, he has been badly duped 
or tricked by them; — He n blaying out; 
deceiving, looling, duping, tricking; — 
H-b ppp outplayed; duped, fooled, tricked, 
imposed upon. 

HaMAaMii V H3e>KAaM-b. 

H3HCK(y)BaM'b va to require, demand; to 
exact; to request; Toaa — sa roji-feM-b 
Kannra.n'b, that requires a big capital; 
MHoro — Ba, he demands or wants 



HSKaavftHv 



184 



too much; he is too fastidious; — Kaflre 
ro OT-b Hero, ask him for it; etHKe- 
UHiiTa ro — , etiquette requires it; ute 
Tp-^6Ba Aa CH —Me npaa^ra, we must 
claim or make a claim for, our rights; 

— ce vpr to be required, demanded; 
to be needed, wanted; MRoro ntuia 
ce — T-b orb Meue, many things are 
required or demanded of me; ue ce 
— Tb ro^itMH cnoco^HOCTH, no great 
talent is required or needed; —He n 
requiring, demanding; requesting; need- 
ing, wanting; requirement; requisite; 
demand; claim (oJ rights, etc); — KaH-b 
ppp required, demanded; needed, wanted; 
called for. 

■3Kd3BaM-b va to speak out, say out, 
say entirely, express, state; to disclose, 
reveal, betray; — cboht^ mhcjih> to 
speak out, express one's thoughts; — 
CBOHT% c'b6o;ie3HOBaHHfl, to condole 
(with one), express one's sympathy; t* 
cifi. ro — aajiH na noAHuHtiTa, they 
have reported or made him known to 
the police; — ce z'/^r to say out, speak 
out, express; to express oneself; to speak 
out one's mind; to be expressed, uttered, 
stated; He Me ocrasHxa Aa ce — 
}Ka, they didn't let me finish what I 
had to say; ue momcc Aa ce — >Ke cb 
AyMH, words cannot express it; — ne n 
expressing, speaking out. uttering (a 
syllable); disclosing; — aaH-b ppp ut- 
tered, spoken out, expressed, stated; 
disclosed, revealed, betrayed. 

liiaKaa-b m end (to a tale, etc), descrip- 
tion, expression; HtMa — , there is no 
end to it; words cannot express it. 

H3Ka.naHCBaM-b va to tin, tin all. 

H3K^jiBaM-b va to dirty,soii, soil all ove^ 
make dirty or muddy; — ce vpr to 
get dirty or muddy; to be dirtied, mud- 
died, be made dirty or madddy; to 
dirty or soil oneself; —He n dirtying, 
muddying, soiling (one's shoes, etC)-, — 
Jien-b ppp dirtied, soiled; dirty, muddy; 
covered with mud 

HSKajiAnBaM'b va to model, form, shape; 
to mou d; to concoct, invent (a story); 

— ce vpr to be modelled, moulded, 
formed, shaped; —He n modelling, form- 
ing; — can-b ppp modelled, fashioned, 
formed; concocted {of a lie;. 

H3K^nBaM'b va to soil, dirty (by dropping 
something on a garment, etc); vn to 



fall off, away; v yKansaMi*. 

HSK^psaMb va to take out, pull out <a 
knife, etc,; to drive out, take to pasture 
(of cattle); to bud, shoot forth, put 
forth; to earn, make (money, etc/, — 
paflre ro BbH-b, take him outl turn 
him out! JiecHO cm— sa nptxpanara, 
he earns his living with ease; — paxi* 
My xySaaii cbHi*, I had a fine sleep; 
— Ba ro ua B-bHb, he suffers from 
diarrhea; me ro — paMi* H3'b noca Bh, 
I shall make you pay dearly fot it; — 
ce vpr to be taken out, pulled out, 
fetched out; to be driven out; to be 
earned, made; M;R.qHO ce —T-b napH- 
T-b, money is hard to get or earn; — 
He n taking out, pulling out, fetching 
out; driving out; earning (one's bread); 
diarrhea; — panb ppp taken out, pulled 
or fetched out; earned. 

HSK^cTpsMi. va to prune, lop off, trim, 
dress {trees, etc); to call down, rei^rimand; 

— ce vpr to be pruned, trimmed, 
dressed; —He n pruning, trimming; — 
rpeni* ppp pruned, trimmed; called 
down, given a lecture. 

H3KaT^pBaM-b ce vpr to clamber up, 
climb up. 

H3K^'iBaM-b va to mount, carry up, raise 
up, lift up, take up, bring up, cause to 
go up; — ce vpr to go up, climb up, 
mount, ascend; to come up; to rise, get 
up; to be raised, mounted, carried up, 
taken up; — nnxMe ce na nJiaHHHara, 
we ascended the mountain; —He n 
raising up (of goods), carrying up; 
mounting, climbing, ascending; rising; 
— qen-b ppp raised up, carried up, 
lifted up; climbed, ascended 

H3K&qBaM'b va to dislocate (one's arm); 
to unyoke, unharness; — ce vpr to be 
dislocated; to be unyoked, unharnessed; 
unyoking; —He n dislocating; disloca- 
tion; — leub ppp dislocated; unyoked, 
unharnessed. 

H3K&ui;iiOBaM-b, — JiflMb va to* cough out; 

— ce vpr to cough, give out a cough; 
—He n coughing; cough; — Jienb app 
coughed out, thrown out. 

H3KB^CBaM-b va to wet, moisten; v h3- 

MOKpHM-b. 

H3KHK6TBaM'b ce vpr to giggle, titter, 

laugh out, start giggling. 
HJKHJiHMb va to cause a rupture or 

hernia; — ce vpr to rupture oneself. 



r 



HSKHHBaM'b 



185 



HSKopewiBaiM-b 



become ruptured, get ttie hernia; —He 
n causing a rupture; getting ruptured; 
—neut, ppp ruptured, suffering of tiernia; 
— AeHo n rupture, tiernia, burst. 

HSKHHBaiWb V HSKX.CBaN'b. 

H3KHnfliBaMi> vn to boil over, run over; 
—He n boiling over; — n^Jii* ppp boiled 
over; fermented. 

MSKHceaiM-b va to soak, steep; to sweeten 
by soaking in water; — ce vpr to be 
soaked; to be sweetened by soaking 
(of salted fish, etc); —He n soaking; — 
HBT-b ppp soaked. 

M3KHCKBaMi> ce vpr to laugh out, break 
into laughter, laugh aloud. 

HSKHTBaM-b va to adorn, trim, set off; — 
ce vpr to adorn, deck or trim oneself, 
to set off; —He n decking, setting off; — 
xem. ppp decked, trimmed, set off, 
adorned, embellished. 

HSKJliH-b ppp V H3KO;iBaMl>. 

H3KAac^BaMi> vn to ear, be eared {of 
wheat, etc); —He n earing, shooting 
into ears; — chjii> ppp eared. 

rnKJi^HBaMi. va to beat out (metal); ^ 
ce vpr to be beaten out, thinned, sharp- 
ened {of a hoe, etc/, —ne n beating 
out; — nan-b ppp beaten out, thinned, 
sharpened. 

H3KjiHHBaMi> va to kuock out, beat out, 
stave out (a wedge, etc); to out a peg 
with a peg. 

H3KJiHH4BaM-b va to get out of, sneak a- 
way, dodge (pop); v HSKJiHHsaM'b. 

H3KJiK5qBaM-b va to exclude (a name from 
a list), strike off the list; to expeUfrom 
school); to debar (from practice); Kaxo — 
«iHiin. Bacb, yourself excepted; kbto — 
qHMT> BctKa cjiyqallHOCTb, barring all 
accidents; — ce vpr to be excluded, 
left out, kept out; to be expelled; to 
be excepted; — ne ^ n excluding; ex- 
clusion; expePing; expulsion; excom- 
munication (from church); — qen-b ppp 
exi>elled (from school), excluded, barred; 
excommunicated(from church); excepted. 

H3Kjiioq^HHe n exception; c* — , with 
the exception of, excepting, except; ci. 
— Ha Bacb, yourself excepted; xosa e 
— , that is an exception. 

H3K;iioMHTeJieHi> a exceptional (circum- 
stances), exclusive (right), exceptive; — 
HO npaso, patent-right, exclusive priv- 
ilege; —HO ad exceptionally; spec- 



ially, especially; — hoctb / exclusive- 
ness. 

H3KOBaBaM'b va to forge, hammer out 
(metals); to nail up all, finish aailJag; 
to concoct, invent (a story); — ce vpr 
to be forged, hammered out; to be 
nailed; to be concocted, invented; —He 
n forging; nailing; inventing (a lie); — 
Ban-b ppp forged, wrought, beaten; 
nailed; invented. 

H3K6jiBaM-b va to kill aP; u-fejioro na- 
ceJieHHe 6hjio — k^i^ho, the entire 
population was massacred; — KA^xa 
BCH^KHTt KOKouiKHt they killed all 
the hens; — ce vpr to be killed; to 
be massacred;. — ne n killing; massa- 
cring, massacre; — KJiin-b ppp killed; 
slaughtered {of animals); massacred, 
murdered. 

H3KOMiTiiMi> va to crum, crumble. 

H3KOMHHiicBaM-b va to set the teeth on 
edge; vn to have one's teeth set on 
edge. 

H3KdnBaM'b va to dig up or out, un- 
earth, excavate; to hollow; — aiiPbo, 
to uproot, dig out a tree; — AynKa, 
to dig a hole; — M-bprBO Tt.io, to 
exhume a dead body; — ce vpr to be 
dug up or out, unearthed, excavated; to 
be covered with holes; — ne n digging 
up or out; excavating, excavation; — 
n&eMO n fossil, mineral; — Kdnam. ppp 
dug up, unearthed, disintered, exhumed; 
excavated. 

K3K6nKa / excavation. 

H3KonH4BaM'b vn to waste, wither away, 
pine away. 

H3K6nqBaM-b va to wrench, pull off; — 
ce vpr to tear oneself away, slip off or 
away {pop\ 

H3K6n'b m ditch, trench, rampart; ex- 
cavation. 

HSKOpendsaM-b va to root up, out, un- 
root, uproot, eradicate, deracinate; to 
extirpate, exterminate;— 3jio, to eradi- 
cate an evil; — scbKa fiHJiKa, to ex- 
terminate every herb; — ce vpr to be 
rooted up, out, uprooted, unrooted, eradi- 
cated; to be extirpated, exterminated; 
—He n rooting up, uprooting; eradi- 
cation {of vices, etc), extirpation, ex- 
termination (of a race, etc); h H3Kope'- 
H^Hne; — H^HT. ppp rooted up, uprooted; 
eradicated; exterminated. 



HSKOpeHHTCJIb 



186 



H3KyCTBeHl> 



H3KOpeHMTejib m weeder; extirpator, ex- 
termiaator; — jieHi a exterminating, ex- 
tirpating. 

HSKopMyuiBaM'b va to eviscerate, draw, 
disembowel; — ce vpr to be disera> 
bowelled; —He n disembowelling; evis- 
ceration; — uicHi. ppp disembowelled. 

H3Kopy6BaM-b va to bend, warp; — ce 
vpr to bend, warp, be bent, warped (of 
boards); —Hi n warping; — Ocht. ppp 
warped; v H3KopMyuiBaMi>. 

H3KdCBaM-b V OKOCBaM-b. 

MSKp^ABaM-b va to steal all; — ce vpr 
to be all stolen; bchmko My — Aoxa 
OTi. K«.iuaTa, they stole every thing 
he had in his house; —He n stealing. 

H3KpHBaM-b (-n) va to conceal or hide 
all, put away everything; — jih ce Ct- 
xa no KiKuiHTt, they had hid them- 
selves in the houses, took refuge in the 
houses. 

H3KPHBO ad asquint, askew; athwart; 
urong; rnejiawb H-feKoro — , to look 
black at one; bchmko xsama — , he 
does every thing awkwardly. 

H3KpHBdBaMi> vo to slaot, slope, bevel, 
tip on one side; to bend, crook, curve; 
to put on wrong; to set (one's eyes) as- 
quint; to distort (a truth); — ce vpr to 
slant, slope, tip on one side; to bend; to 
be slanted, bent; to warp (of boards); 
to grow crooked; to be put on wrong; 

A'bCKHT-fe C*. ce — KpHBHJlH OTT. TOnJIH- 

nara, the boards have warped from the 
heat; TOBapT.x'b ce e — BH^t na eana 
crpana, the load is tipping on one side; 
HCTHHara ce MAqno — B^Ba. it is a 
hard thing ta controvert the truth; —He 
n slanting, bending, tipping; distorting; 
setting asquint (of the eyes;, putting on 
wrong; distortion, perversion (of facts); 
— BeHi. ppp H a slanting, sloping, 
tipping-; be<jt, curved; distorted (face), 
perverted (truth), 
HSKpdflBaM'b (-n) va to cut, cut out (a 
pattern); — h(B n cutting out. 

HSKp-bB^BBM-b V H3K-bpBIlBaMl>. 

Hanp'bnBaM'b v H3Ki>pnfiM-b. 
H3Kp-bCT6cBaM'b va to cross, cross out; 

to traverse, walk through, travel through 

(the whole world). 

HSKp-bTBaM'b V H3Kl>pTBaM'b. 

H3Kp-buidBaM-b (-era) va to baptise (-tize) 

all,,e\ery body. 
HSKp-bKBaiM-b vn to cackle out, make a 



cackling noise; to quack (of ducks); to 
laugh out; — ne n cackling, cackle, 
quack- 
H3Kp%m^BaM-b vn to cry out, cry aloud, 
thunder out; to shriek, scream (of child- 
ren, etc), utter a shriek; roil — lU'fe 
crpauiHo, he cried out or thundered out 
terribly; HceHHT% — m-bxa, the women 
shrieked or screamed; —He n crying 
out, aloud, shrieking, screaming; cry, 
scream, shriek; -rw!)ini> ppp; HH3Kp-fec- 



H3KynBaM-b va to buy off, buy back, 
redeem (a pledge, etc); to buy out, ac- 
quire by purchase; to pay for, expiate, 
atone; rofl — nu SaiuHHHii ch HMor-b, 
he bought out his father's property; 
XpHCTOCb — HH u-bJiHH CB^Tiiy Christ 
redeemed (atoned for) the whole world; 

— ce vpr to be bought off, back, out; 
to be redeemed; to be atoned, expiated 
(by repentance); to buy oneself, redeem 
oneself; to be made up for; — ne n buy- 
ing off, back, redeeming (a pledge); 
atoning (for one's sins); bying out '^a 
property); repurchase, recovery; redemp- 
tion, ransom; expiation; v HSKynjieHne; 
— nen-b ppp bought off, out, back, re- 
purchased, redeemed; atoned for, ex- 
piated. 

HSKynHTPjib m redeemer, ransomer; Re- 
deemer, Saviour; — ^en-b a redeeming 
(power), expiatory; — na wepTsa, sin- 
offering. 

HSKynji^HHe m redemption, ransom, ex- 
piation; 3a — Ha rp-JbxoBeT-fe ch, as an 
atonment for his sins; 3a —to na ut- 
jiHs cB'kT'b, for the redemption of the 
whole world. 

HskynoM-b ad together, conjointly. 

H3KyceH'b a skillful, ingenious clever, 
cunning, artful, dexterous, expert, master- 
ly (stroke); — AOKTOpi, skillful physi- 
cian; — Hrpaq-b, skillful, clever player; 

— CHH-b, artful dodger; no e^HH-b — 
HaqHH-b, by an ingenious way; —ho 
ad skillfully, ingeniously, dexterously, 
with art, with skill; cleverly, craftily, 
slyly; — HOCTb / skillfulness, ingenuity, 
dexterity, skill, art. 

H3KycHTeJib m tempter; seducer; — Ka / 
temptress; — ^lem. a tempting, seductive, 
fascinating; alluring; —ho ad tempt- 
ingly. 

HSKycTBCH-b a artificial, unnatural, false; 



HSKyCflBaM-b 



187 



HSAafiBaM-b 



—Ha nTHua, artificial bird; — hh am- 
6h, artificial or false teeth; — cthjii, 
unnatural, affected style; — ho ad arti- 
ficially; unnaturally, affectedly; — hoctb 
/ artificiality, artiiicialness. 

HSKyc^BaiM-b, — uidaaM'b va to tempt; to 
try; to lead astray; ASBOfl-bTt we — aa, 
the devil is tempting me; toJI mc ca- 
MO — Ba, he is only trying me; he is 
only teasing me; — ce vpr to be tempt- 
ed; to be tried; to try oneself; Toll ce 
AecHO — Ba, he ea^ly succumbs to 
temptation; — ne n tempting; trying, 
teasing; v HCKymeHHe. 

HCKyui^HHe n temptation; "ne B-bseaH 
nacT. Bi. — •', lead us not into temp- 
tation; Tofl ycTOH Ha — ra, he resisted 
all temptations. 

H3Ky<|)'^BaM-b vn to become hollow, emp- 
ty; to lose one's wits (pop); — <|)-fejn. ppp 
grown hollow, empty; grown foolish, 
stupid. 

HCKi m claim, suit, action, proceedings; 
rpajKAancKH — » civil-suit; np'feAflBfl- 
BaM-b — , to institute proceedings, enter 
an action (against a person); — kobt. a 
suing fparty), prosecuting; of a plaintiff. 

HSK-bJiBHsaM-b va to pick up (grain); to 
pick out; — ce vpr to be picked up; 
to be picked out; —He n picking up; 
picking out (the eyes, etc); — a^H-b ppp 
picked up, all picked (of grain); picked 
out. 

HSKijiqaaM-b va to dislocate, sprain, put 
out of joint; — ce vpr to be put out 
of joint; — mh ch Horara, he dislo- 
cated his leg; — ne n dislocating, put- 
ting out of joint; dislocation; —Hen-bppp 
dislocated. 

HSK-bpnBaM'b va to mend up, patch up, 
patch all over; — ce vpr to be mended, 
patched up; —He n mending, patching 
up; — ncHT. ppp mended, patched; all 
patched up, covered with patches. 

HSKiKnsaM'b va to bathe, give a bath; to 
wash (horses, etc); to welter, drench; 
Atuara 6HAOxa — hh, the children 
were given a bath, were washed; at**- 
AtT-b hh xy6aBO — na, the rain 
drenched us nicely; — ce vpr to bathe, 
bathe oneself, have a bath, take a bath; 
to be bathed, be given a bath; to be 
drenched; bchwkh ce — naxMe, all of 
us took a bath; — ne n bathing, giving 



or taking a bath; drenching; — nan-b 
ppp bathed, given a bath; drenched. 
H3KACBaM-b va to tear up, tear in pieces, 
rend to pieces; to wear out (clothes, 
etc); — ce vpr to tear up, tear in pieces, 
rend to pieces; to be torn up, rent to 
pieces; to wear out; to kill oneself (with 
worry, fretting, rage); —He n tearing 
up, rending; wearing out; —cam. ppp 
torn, rent; worn out, ragged (clothes). 

H3;idBJIM-b V H3JIOBHBaM-b. 

HSji^raM-b va to expose; — croKa, to 
expose, exhibit, show out goods; — na 
jiHue, to expose to view; — JKHBora 
CH, to expose, endanger, risk one's life; 

— eAHa CHcreMa, to unfold a system; 

— nncMeno, to put on paper; — a-b 
noAPo6HocTH, to set forth in detail; 

— ce vpr to expose oneself; to be ex- 
posed; to put oneself out; to be set 
forth, expounded; — jidwHX-b ce na act- 
Ka onacHOCTb, I braved all dangers; 
pafiorara rptdaa Aa ce — jkh acHO, 
the matter should be set out or stated 
plainly; —He n exposing, exhibiting, 
showing (goods, etc); setting forth, un- 
folding, stating; — jKixceHi ppp exposed, 
exhibited, displayed; expounded, set 
forth; —jidMHJfh, app. 

nsji^siiM'b va vn to go out, go forth, 
proceed, come out, get out, issue; to 
come off; to turn out, prove; to exit, 
make one's exit; — ns-b cratiTa, to go 
out of the room; 6osiTa — 3«, the colo(u)r 
comes off; — Ji'bsox'b HSb nerbpn'faHHe, 
I lost all patience; HtK^A'b e — Jit- 
3'bji'b, he has gone out somewhere; 
pa^orara — jitse Apyrojme. the affair 
turned out differently; HeAtHTe — sa 
OT-b optAMeTa, don't wander away from 
your subject; KHHrara e — Jitsjia, the 
book is out; Bp-bMeTO My — aa, his time 
is expiring; — no Hy>KAa, to go to the 
water-closet; KaKb me — fltae raaij 
pa6oTa, He snaa, I can't tell how this 
thing will come out or end; — bt> oc- 
rasKa, to resign; — ne n coming out, 
going out; gettingout; coming off; is- 
suing; leaving, quitting, departure; — 
jits'bA'b ppp gone out Tof the house); 
come out, come off; come to an end, 
expired; h najiHsaM-b, H3ji'fe3BaM-b. 

MSjiasT. m passage out, exit; outlet. 

H3;idtiBaM'b vn to bark, start barking; to 
bark at; — ne n barking, bark. 



■34aaMM> 



188 



■ajtAnBaMi* va to swallow down, devour; — 

ce vpr to be swallowed down, devoured; 

—He n eating up, devouring; — naaii 

ppp eaten up, devoured. 
«3JieMABaMi> vn to finish one's term (of 

imprisoament); — ce vpr to lie long in 

one place, lounge, idle away one's time; 

—He n finishing one's time (in prison); 

lounging, idling; — x«Lni> ppp. 

HSJiCKa,— Ko, — KOM-b od gently, lightly, 

softly, easy, easily. 
ianerb m flight; excursion, outing. 

HiJltri V H3JIHTaMl>. 

R3JiHBaM-b va to pour, pour out; to shed; 
to spill; to vent (on6's rage); to cast 
(metals); — cbpAuero ch, to open 
one's heart freely; — ;i-fexaMy bhhoto, 
they spilt his wine; — JitRre rasH bo- 
Aa, pour out this water; — ce vpr to 
pour, pour out, discharge, empty itself 
(0/ rivers); to overturn, upset (of a 
glass); to be poured; to be spilled; to 
be cast (of metals); ptKH oti. cbjian 
ce— atxa, tears flowed in torrents; ra- 
3H ptKa ce — Ba bv eaepo, that river 
empties itself into a lake; —He n pour- 
ing; shedding (tears); emptying, discharg- 
ing; spilling, overturning (a glass, etc); 
casting; — ^hhc n outpouring, over- 
flowing, effusion; libation; descent (of 
the Holy Ghost); — A-feen-b. — jitr-b ppp 
poured, shed; spilled, upset; cast (iron, 
etc). 

H3AH3aM-b V H3Aa3>Ml>. 

■3jiii3BaMi> (->Ka) va to lick up, out, lick 
clean; — ce vpr to be licked up, out; 
—He n licking; — 3aH-b ppp licked up. 

H3JIM3BaM1> v H3n;ii>3rBaH-b. 

HsviMHtBaMb vn to moult, cast hair; — 
He n moulting, casting hair; — Htjii> 
ppp moulted; deplumed; faded. 

H3JiicKBaM-b va to throw out, empty, 
bale out (water, etc) 

H3JiiicTBaiii> v-i V pa3;iHCTBaMi. ce. 

H3JiHTaM-b vn to fly out; to come out 
flying, fly up; —He n flying up, flying 
out; —nvt^n-h ppp flown. 

HSJinqiBBM-b va to erase, blot out, brush 
out. off; io efface, obliterate; — qep- 
Hara Abcxa, to brush off the black- 
board; — orb aeMsiTa, to blot out from 
the earth; — ce vpr to be blotted out, 
brushed off, erased; to be obliterated; 
— He /I brushing off, out, effacing, blot- 



ting out; obliteration, effacement; 

ppp brushed off, erased, blotted out; 

obliterated. 

■3JiiluieiCb m surplus, excess, overplus; — 
inen-ba superfluous, excessive, profuse; 
unnecessary, needless, useless; too much, 
too many; — ht. rpyAb, useless effort; 
He roBopere — hh paGoTH, don't talk 
nonsense; —ho KOJinqecTBO, excessive 
quantity; —ho e Aa roaopa noBeie* 
it is of no use for me to say more; — 
HO ad superfluously, excessively, too 
much, in excess; — uicctbo n superfluity, 
excess; — HOCTb / superfluity; useless- 
ness, unnecessariness. 

HSAH^HHe n outpouring, overflowing, ef- 
fusion; oTb — Ha cbpAuero, from an 
overflowing of the heart. 

H3jioBnBaM'b va to catch out, catch all 
Cganie, fish, etc), draw out (a pondi, 
kill all, exterminate; — ce vpr to be 
all cauglit; — ue n catching all, draw- 
ing (a pond); — aenb ppp all caught; 
fished out, away; drawn. 

H3A5>K6a/ exhibition; display; show;xy- 
AoxcecTBena — , art exhibition 

H3.no}K£HHe n exposition, exhibition; ex- 
posure; statement, account, declaration; 
napHMCCKOTO — , Paris Exposition; atp- 
HO — Ha 4>&KTHT'b, a true account of 
the facts. 

H3;id>KeH-b ppp; — xcHAb app v HSJiaraMb. 

HSJio^HTejib m exhibitor; expounder, ex- 
positor. 

H3ji<SKsaMb va to lap, lick out, suck out 
^o/ pigs, etc); to swallow down. 

HsxynaaMb va to hatch out; — ce vpr 
to be hatched out; — ne n hatching; — 
ncHb ppp hatched out. 

HSJiycnBaM-b va to scale (fish, etc), shell 
out, hull. 

H3Ayu(BaM-b va,io shell, husk, unhusk, 
cull strip, peel, pull back (the skin, 
bark, rind, etc); — ce vpr to be 
shelled, unhusked, pulled up or back; to 
peel off, come off, ou^, — ne n husk- 
ing, unhusking, peeling, pulling back; 
— meHb ppp unhusked, peeled oft, come 
off. 

HSJi-^rBBM-b (-xca) va to tell a lie to, 
deceive by lying; to cheat, defraud; to 
dupe, impose upon fa person); to fool; 
Toll Me — ra, he told me a lie; he de- 
ceived me; ne Moxce aKO ue — xce, he 
can't do without lying; — ce vpr to be 



H3J|-bCKBaM-b 



189 



H3MaM;iHBb 



deceived, cheated, taken in,' imposed on; 
to deceive oneself; to be mistaken; to 
sHp, make a slip or break; ->raxMece 
ci> rasH KMina, we paid too dear ior, 
tliat house, we are disappointed with 
that house; MHoro ce ere — rajiH aKO 
MHcnHTC T-bW, you are greatly mistaken 
if you think so; — ra ce qe CH Kaaa 
HCTHHara, he made a break and told 
the truth; —He n deceiving, cheating, 
swindling, duping, fooling; imposition; 
— raH-b ppp told a lie, deceived; imposed 
upon, cheated; mistaken; MHoro ere — 
raH-b, you are greatly mistaken. 

najiicKsaM-b va to polish up, shine up, 
brighten, burnish; — KaMre mh o6y- 
mara, polish up my shoes; — ce vpr 
to polish, be polished, shined up; to 
deck oneself, set off, look trimmed; — 
He n polishing, shining up; — Kan-b ppp 
polished, shined; decked. 

HSji'bcT^BaM'b va to seduce; — ce vpr 
to be seduced; — ae n seducing; se- 
duction; — TCHT. ppp seduced; — hhki> 
m seducer, enticer. 

HSAtBaM-b, — jiirsaM-b, — jiisBaMit (-aa) 

V H3;iH3aM-b. 

H3;itraM-b (ce) vpr to lie down, Jounge; 
to idle away; — ^i^rnar-b ppp lying 

^ down; leaning on, against. 

H3A'b3'b m way out, outlet, in|[ress, eg- 
ress;, ascent (of a mountain); end ^ tiie 
month) 

nSJlts-bJI-b ppp V H3JIH3aM'b. 

HSjitKyBaMi. va to cure, heal; HaHnwn> 
AOKTop-b ro — Ba, our doctor cured 
him; — ce vpr to cure oneself; to be 
cured; — hc n curing; cure; — ht. ppp 
cured. 

H3;ii(e)H-b, — fltT-b ppp; — jitji-b app; v 

H3JIH'BaM'b. 

H3JitnBaMi> va to glue up, paste up, stick 
up, glue up all; — ce vpr to be glued 
up, pasted up; to be all pasted or 
glued; —He n glueing, pasting up; — 
nea-b ppp glued up, pasted up; all glued 
or pasted up. 

H3Ji'feqdBaM-b va; — q^ui* ppp; — qiiji-b 
app V HSji-bKyaaM'b. 

H3M^3BaM'b va to plaster, plaster up (a 
wall), do over, lay over, coat, lay on a 
coat (of paint); to putty, cement; to use 
up (paint, etc); utdara Ki&ma e — sa- 



na, the entire house is plastered, done 
over with plaster; — ce vpr lo be plas- 
tered; to be done over; to be painted; 
— He n plastering, doing over with 
plaster; whitewashing; cementing; — 
aan-b ppp plastered, done over; white- 
washed. 

H3MaflcT6pBaM'b va to do, make, manu- 
facture; to dupe, defraud, swindle; — 
ce vpr to be made, elaborated; to be 
devised, invented, manufactured; to be 
fooled; —He n making, mjnufacturing; 
devising; fooling, duping; — pen-b ppp 
made, elaborated; invented; fooled. 

H3MdMa / deceit, deception, cheating,, 
fraud, imposition, swindle, double-deal- 
ing; dupery; illusion, delusion; qp-fesi. 
— , fraudulently, surreptitiously; uar^a 
— , mean trick; onTHqecKa — , optical 
illusion; MCHB'bsi qpta'b — , to live by 
swindling. 

■3ifdiNBaM-b va to deceive, cheat, de- 
fraud, swindle, impose on, upon, pass 
on, upon; to delude; to dupe; to seduce; 
to fool; 3amo me — MHxre, why did 
you deceive me? MHoro ere — mchh, 
you are badly mistaken; caMO nero ne 
MO>KeTe AS — MHTe, you can't impose 
upon him, him you can't cheat; — 
MCH-b cbM-b Bt, HaAeMCAHT'fe CH, I am 
disappointed in my hopes; — ce vpr to 
be deceived, cheated, defrauded; to be 
deluded; to be seduced; to deceive one- 
self, cheat oneself; to make a slip or 
break; — m^mh ce h Ka3a eAHa ocrpa 
Ay Ma, he made a slip and uttered an 
angry word; mhofo ce — MHx-b karo 
ro B-fepaax-bt I was greatly deceived or 
mistaken in believing in him; — ne n 
deceiving, cheating, defrauding; seduc- 
ing (a woman); deceit, deception, fraud, 
imposture; seduction; disappointment;. 
— Heni. ppp deceived, clieated, de- 
frauded, swindled (out of money, etc), 
duped, made a dupe; seduced; disap- 
pointed (in a person). 

H3MaMBdq-b m v naMaMHHK'b. 

H3MaMHTejieH-b a deceitful, fraudulent; 
deceptive, illusive; —ho ad — ly; — 
HOCTb / — ness, fraudulence, deception. 

HSMaMJiriB-b a deceitful, deceptive, fraud- 
ulent, false; illusive, illusory, delu- 
sive; easily deceived, duped, deluded; 
credulous; —bo ad — ly, surreptitiously^ 
by fraud, in a double-dealing manner; 



■SMftMHHK'b 



190 



HSMJltHI* 



falsely: — BocTb / deception, deceit, 
frauduience; illuslveness, delusiveness, 
delusion; fallaciousness; credulousness. 

■SMiMHHK-b m deceiver, cheat, cheater, 
impostor, swindler, fraud; duper; •— 
wecKH a fraudulent, double-dealing, im- 
postor's, ot an impostor or a swindler; 
— qecTBO n fraud, imposture, swindle. 

H3M^x(Hy)BaM'b va to raise, lift up (one's 
h4nd), aim at (with a club, etc); —Ha 
c-b p^Kara h ro yAapH no rjiasara, 
he lilted up bis hand and struck him on 
the bead; — ce vpr to be raised, lifted 
up; —He n raising, lilting up (as if to 
strike); aiming at; — Hajii> ca6a, with 
his sword lifted up. 

MSM^i^BaM-b V HsiianBaM-b. 

HSM^HKBaM-b va to crush (a hat), rumple 
fa dress), crumple, tumble; to tread on, 
upon, trample upon fgrass, etc)', to dirty, 
soil; to mix, knead, work (clay, etcy, 
— ce vpr to be crushed, crumpled, 
rumpled; to be pressed, trodden, trampled 
upon; to be mixed, kneaded; —He n 
crushing, rumpling, crumpling; pres- 
sing; trampling; — KaH-b ppp crushed, 
crumpled; soiled; mixed. 

H3wie>KAy ad from among, between, a- 
n^ong, amongst; H36HpaM-b — rtx-b, 
to choose from among them; HsrySn 
ce — TtxT., he was lost amongst them. 

MSM^ABaM-b V H3MHJiaMl>. 

HSMer-b m refuse, rubbish, thrash, waste; 
scum (of society). 

H3M^T'b mt service. 

H3MiiBaM-b va to wash, wash up. out, off, 
away; to clean up; to scrub (the floor); 
to absolve: to scoop out, excavate, cor- 
rode; — flre CH pAn^er-k, wash up your 
hands; ptxara — mh ntc-bwa no 6pt- 
ra CH, the river washed away the sand 
from its bank; — ce z^prtowash, wash 
oneself; to be washed; — -wiiXTe jih ce, 
did you wash yourself? — ue n wash- 
ing; — MHeHi, — MHT-b ppp washed up, 
cleaned up; washed away, off, out; 
cleared (of a crime, etc). 

HSMiijiajNi. va to grind, grind out, grind 
a 1, finish grinding; — ce vpr to be 
ground; — ue n grinding; draining (by 
a mill); — mji^hi. ppp ground, all ground; 
drained. 

ii3MHH^BaMi> va to pass, pass over, 
through, by, go by. traverse, cover up 
(a distance), travel over, get over; — nii- 



naxa hh no n;s.Ta, they parsed us by 
on the road; — MiiHaxMe Kinmara, we 
passed the house; caMO nerb KHAOMer- 
pa CMe — M^HajiH, we have gone over, 
traversed, covered up, five kilometers 
only; — ce vpr to be passed, gone 
over, traversed; to pass, pass away; ro- 
AHHara ce — MHHa HeyceTHo, the year 
passed by unnoticed; —He n passing, 
traversing, going over or through; — 
Harb ppp passed, passed by, gone over, 
traversed, walked through, covered. 

HSMHpaM'b vn to die, die out, perish, be- 
come extinct or exterminated; — Mpt- 
xa My BCHMKHTt A^ua, his children 
have all died out; bchmkh nauiH npu- 
arejiH c*. seqe — ftptjiH, all of our 
friends are now dead; — ne n dying, dy- 
ing out, becoming extinct; —iAp%jn, ppp. 

H3MnpHCBaM'b va to deodorise (-ize>, disin- 
fect; to smell all; — ce wpr to be deodor- 
ised, disinfected; —He n deodorising; 
deodorisation; — can-b ppp deodorised. 

HSMApna / myrrh. 

HSMHCJiHTejib m inventor, deviser, con- 
triver. 

H3MHCJiHiia/ fiction, story, fib, invention, 
concoction; Tosa e u^^az. —, that is a 
rea* Jie; Tosa e Heroaa — , that is his 
invention or concoction. 

H3MHCJiiOBaM-b (-ji«) va to think out, in- 
vent, contrive, devise; to fabricate, con- 
coct {pop)\ EAHcoH-b —JIH rpaMo4>OHa, 
Edison invented the gramophone; . hc- 
AtKre — Ba noAO^HH Hes-fepHH pa- 
60TH, don't invent, fabricate or con- 
coct such things (that are not true); — 
ji^re HtKOfif Ay Ma, think of a word; 

— ce vpr to be thought out, invented 
devised; — ne n thinking out, inventing, 
devising, inventioq, devise, contrivance, 
concoction; — Bdm> m contriver, deviser, 
inventor; — MHCJieni. ppp thought out, 
invented, devised, contrived; fabricated, 
imagined. 

H3MHraM'b va to sweep, sweep up, out; 

— ce vpr to be swept, swept up, out; 
—He n sweeping out, brushing off; — 
M^TeHT. ppp swept up, swept out; 
brushed off. 

H3MifT-b ppp V H3MHBaM'b. 

H3MHHeHi> a stately, well -formed. 
H3MjidK-b m drawer (of a table, etc). 

H3MJliH-b ppp V H3MHAaM1>. 



H3MOKpHMl> 



191 



H3M-bHHM'b 



H3M6Kp»M-b va to wet, wet through, com- 
pletely; to drench; — ce vpr to get wet, 
be completely wetted, be drenched; Jio- 
uio ce — pHXMe, we got badly drenched; 
— pHxre JiH ce, did you get wet? 
He n wetting, drenching; — pen-b ppp 
wet, wet through, drenched; u-fejii — 
pen-b, wet all over, soaking wet, thor- 
oughly drenched. 

HSMdjiBaM-b va to obtain by prayer, pro- 
cure by entreaty or begging; — jiiixi> 
npomeHHe aa Cpara ch, I obtained 
pardon for my brother, I got my 
brother pardoned; — ce vpr to be ob- 
tained, procured, gotten by prayer, en- 
treaty or begging; —He n obtaining, 
procuring or getting through begging, 
entreaty or prayer; —jieu-h ppp ob- 
tained or secured by prayer, begging or 
entreaty. 

H3MopHBaM-b va to tire, tire out, wear 
out, fatigue; to weary, make tired or 
sick; to starve, famish, cause to die of 
hunger; — pHxiwe KOHert, we tired our 
horses out; — pHxa fh ott» rjiaAi* 
they starved them to death; — ce vpr 
to get tired, fatigued; CbscfeM-b ce — 
pHXMe, we are all used up, completely 
tired out, exhausted; — piixa ce ott. 
CMtx-b, they died laughing; — ne n tir- 
ing, tiring out, fatiguing, exhausting; 
fatigue, exhaustion; — pin-b ppp tired 
out, fatigued, used up, exhausted, worn 
out; weary of, sick of. 

H3MOTaBaM-b va to wind up, out; to twine; 
to finish winding; — ce vpr to be 
wound up, out, twined, reeled; — ne n 
winding, twining, reeling; — ht> ppp 
wound up, out, all wound, twined. 

H3Mpd V H3MHpaM-b. 

HSMpasneaMi. va to freeze, freeze out, kill 
by cold or frost, nip by frost; — ne n 
killing or nipping by frost; —a^Hi, ppp 
frost-bitten. 

H3Mp-b3(Hy)BaM'b vft to frecze, freeze out, 
be frozen, become benumbed with cold; 
to be frost-bitten or winter-kiiled; — 
Haxa MH p;R.utT-fe, my hands got froz- 
en; uB-brara — naxa, the flowers were 
frost-bitten or winter-killed; — He « freez- 
ing, freezing out; — naji-b ppp frozen 
out, killed or nipped by frost, frost- 
bitten. 

«3Myu]BaMi> va to pull out, off, away; 
to perforate, bore, cover with holes, 



stick all over; — ce vpr to get away, 
slip off, come off; to slip away, ab- 
scond; to be covered with holes, stuck 
all over; — ne n pulling off, snatching; 
slipping off, away; absconding; perforat- 
ing; — HaTT. ppp pulled off, out, away; 
slipped off, away, come off, loose; — 
uieu-b ppp perforated, covered with 
holes, all holes; plucked {of fowls). 
H3M'bK(Hy)BaM-b vo to pull out, draw out, 
drag out; roil C-bpiKe —Ha ca6HTacH, 
he quickly drew out his sword; — ce 
vpr to be pulled or drawn out; to pull 
oneself, drag oneself; to skip out, away, 
steal away, abscond; e^BaM-b ce — nax-b 
HS-b rasH AynKa, it was with great 
difficulty that I got out of this hole; — 
He n pulling out, drawing out, dragging 
out; -HaTT. ppp pulled out, pulled up 
dragged out, drawn (sword). 

H3M1>JIM6;iBaM'b V H3M'bpMOpBaMl>. 

HSMiMpfOBaM-b, — pHM-b va to scold, re- 
primand, lecture, call down; to mutter 
out. 

H3M'bpM6pBaM'b va to mutter out, mur- 
mur; to stammer out, blab out; h^iuo 
— PH Jia ce6e ch, he muttered out some- 
thing to himself; — ne n muttering 
out, murmuring; -pen-b ppp muttered 
out, stammered out. 

H3M-bpcBaM-b va to soil, stain, dirty; — 
ce vpr to get soiled, dirtied; to dirty 
or soil oneself; to be soiled, made dirty; 
—He n soiling, dirtying; — ceHi. ppp 
soiled, stained, made dirty. 

H3M-bpuiaBflBaMi> vn to grow thin, poor, 
lank; to lose flesh, emaciate; — ne n 
growing poor, thin, losing flesh; ema- 
ciation; — Btji>. ppp grown thin, poor, 
lank; emaciated. 

HSMiua / treason; perfidy, treachery; — 
npoTHB-b oreqecTBO, high treason; 
Gpaqna — , conjugal unfaithfulness. 

HSM-bH^HHe n change, alteration, vari- 
ation, modification; amendment; inflec- 
tion; — Ha o6HqaH, change of customs; 
— B-b Ao6pa cMHCbJib, change for the 
better; — Ha B-feTi.pa, shift of the wind; 
cb MaAKO — , with a small alteration 
or modification; — Ha KOHCTHryi^HsiTa, 
amendment of the constitution. 

H3MtHHM-b a changeable, alterable; vari- 
able; — MOCTb / — ness, changeability, 
variability. 



H3MtHJIHBl> 



191 



■SM-biuaM-b 



■SMtujiAs-b, — qiiBi> a changeable, sub- 
ject to change, fickle, unsteady, chang- 
ing, inconstant, unstable, unsettled; — 
BO ad — ly; — boctb / changeablehess, 
changeability, mutability, fickleness, in- 
constaocy. 

MSMinBiiK-b m traitor, betrayor; —ua 
/ traitoress; — qecKH a traitorous, treach- 
erous perfidious; ad — ly; — MecrBo n 
treachery, treason, perfidy. 

H3M-feB£(Ba)M'b .va to change, alter, mod- 
ify, vary, amend (a bill, eic); vn to 
prove unfaithful (to a person), betray, 
be false to; — HHji-b ch e rjiaca, his 
voice has changed; — H^xa ch B^para, 
they changed their religion for another; 
T03H saKOH-b Tp-b6Ba Aa ce — hh, 
that law should be amended; — Hifji-b e 
na >KeHa ch» he has proved unfaithful to 
his wife; — ce vpr to change, alter, 
vary; to be changed, altered, varied, 
amended; to change oneself; mhopo ce 
e — HMJi-b, he has changed a great deal; 
BptMCTo ce qecTO — sa, the weather 
is very changeable; BptMenaTa ex. ce 
— hAjih, the times have changed, are 
different; Tofl ce Jiecno — sa, he is 
very changeable, unsteady, fickle; — 
Be n changing, altering, varying, mod- 
ifying, amending; change, alteration, 
variation, inflection (of the voice), mod- 
ification (of a phrase); amendment (of 
a law); unfaithtulness; — u^n-b ppp 
changed; altered, modified, amended. 

Hsar&pBaM'b va to measure, measure out, 
to take the dimensions of; to survey; 
to fathom; to gauge; — cb Merpo, to 
measure out with a meter; — aeMji, 
to survey; — Mopcxa A'i>Ji6o*iHHa, to 
fathom; — ce vpr to be measured; 
fathomed, surveyed; to measure oneself; 
He MOiKe Aa ce — ph, it can't be 
measured, is unmeasurable, is beyond all 
measure; —He m measuring out; fathom- 
ing; surveying; mensuration, meas- 
urement, survey; gauging; meterage; h 
Hsutp^HHe; — B^q-b m measurer, surve- 
yor; — pcH-b ppp measured; fathomed, 
surveved. 

H3MtpMM-b a measurable, mensurable; 
fathomable; -*MocTb / mensurableness, 
mensurability. 

H3M-fcpHTeAb m measurer; surveyor; met- 
er; — jicH-b a measuring, surveying. 



for surveying, of mensuration. 

H3MicBaM-b va to mix up, in, together; to 
mingle; to knead thoroughly; to shuf- 
fle up (cards, etc ; recTOTO e — ceuo, 
the dough is kneaded; — c^re mbjiko 
ueMCHT'b, mix up a little cement; Kap- 
THTt cjn — ceHH, the cards are shuf- 
fled up; — ce vpr to be mixed; to be 
kneaded; to be shuffled; to mix oneself 
in, into; —He n mixing up; kneading; 
shuffling; — ceu-b ppp mixed; kneaded 
(of dough); mixed up, implicated (in 
an affair). 

H3MicTBaM-b va to displace, dislocate, 
dislodge; to take the place of; Gnpara 
— Ba BOASTa, beer displaces or is dis- 
placing water; HenpHHTejibTi> 6HAe 
— TCH-b, the enemy was dislodged (out 
of his position); — ce vpr to be dis- 
placed, dislodged, dislocated; to change 
one's place, be moved, removed; to 
come off; tosh KaM-bKi. M«.qHO me 
ce — th, it will be a hard work to 
remove this stone; rpeAara ce e — th- 
Jia, the beam has come off its position; 
—He n displacing, dislocating, dislodg- 
ing; displacement (of water, etc), dis- 
lodgment, dislocation; — ren-b ppp 
displaced, dislocated, dislodged; squeezed 
out, pressed out, thrust away; come 
off, fallen. 

HSMtcTriiTb a moovable, changeable, that 
can be dt^Iaced; — MOCTb / displace- 
ment. 

HSM^TaiM'b va to throw out, cast out (of 
a ship, etc); — ce vpr to be thrown or 
cast out; to throw oneself out, jump in, 
into (water, etc); to turn up, change 
into (its former state), degenerate; to 
warp; — ne n throwing or casting (all 
out); reverting, reversion; degeneration. 

HSMirHyaaM-b (-na) ce vpr to revert, 
turn or change (into one's former state); 
to degenerate, debase; to warp (of a 
door), A^uaTa c«. ce — hbah na 6a- 
uia HM-b, the children have taken after 
their father; nopoAara ce e — najia, 
the breed has degenerated; — ne n re- 
verting, reversion; degeneration; warp- 
ing; — HaxT. ppp reverted; degenerated; 
warped; cambering. 

HSM'&uiaM'b va to mix, mix up, in, to- 
gether; to compound; to mingle; to 



RSM'bmaM'b 



193 



blend; to shuffle (cards, etc); to jumble; 
BCHMKO e — uiaHOt everything is mixed 
up, is in a mix, in a jumble, in discord; 
He AtWre fh — uia, don't mix them 
up or together; — ce vpr to be mixed; 
to mix oneself; — hc « mixing, com- 
pounding (of chemicals); mixture; — 
ceH-b, —man-h ppp mixed; compounded; 
shuffled (of cards)] in a mix, in a jumble; 

V HSMtCBaMl*. 
HSMtmaiM-b V H3M-feCTHM-b. 

H3M;KApyBaM-i> va to think out, invent, 
concpct; — ce vpr to be thought out, 
concocted, devised; to look wise, assume 
an important pose; — hc n thinking 
out, inventing, concocting; concoction, 
fabrication; — pern, ppp concocted; 
looking wise. 

H3MATBaM-b va to hatch out (o/ chickens ; 
to muddy, make foul {of water), muddle; 
to churn (milk); — ce vpr to be 
hatched out; to be muddied, muddled, 
made foul; to be churned; — ne n hatch- 
ing out; muddying, muddling; churn- 
ing; — TCHT. ppp hatched out; mud- 
died, muddled; muddy; churned. 

H3MAqBaM-b va to tire out, weary out, 
down; to kill (with work, etc); to rack, 
harrass, plague (a person); — MHxa qo- 
BtKa, they have tired the man all out, 
are killing him with work; cbstcTbTa 
ro — Bai remorse is tormenting him; 
TOBa e Koero ro — Ba, that is what 
vexes or lorments him; — ce vpr to 
be tired out, wearied out, down, tor- 
mented, killed by inches; to tire one- 
self out, work hard, toil hard; — qHXi. 
ce cbTasH aaAaqa, I nearly killed myself 
working on this problem; BH>KTe ro 
KaKi. ce — Ba or-b CBOHrfe Gojikh, 
see him writhing with pains; crnra 
ere HH — BajiH Cb BauiHT'b Bi>npocH, 
cease plaguing, vexing or tormenting 
us with your questionings; —He n 
tiring out, wearying out, down; tor- 
menting, tantalising, plaguing; torment, 
torture; — ne na c-batcTbTa, remorse; 
— qcHi. ppp wearied down, worn out; 
tormented, tortured; weary of, tired out, 
sick of (the world i. 

HSHaGHBaM-b V Ha^HBaM-b. 

HSHaAapAsaM'b v HaAapaaaM-b. 

HSH^tlAa V H3HaMHpaM-b. 

H3HaKynBaM-b v naKynBaiH-b. 



HSHaM^ssaiM-b V HaMasBaM-b. 

H3HaMHpaM'b, — MtpBaiMi* va to find outr 
to discover, invent; to contrive, devise; 
KojiyMGi. — MtpH AMepHKa, Columbus 
discovered America; — 'HaM-bp^re H-b- 
Koe cpeACTBO 3a npoA'b:i>KaBaHe aa 
jKHBora. find out a means for prolong- 
ing life; ryTCHCeprb — MtpH neqarap- 
CTBOTO, Guttenberg invented printing; 
— ce vpr to b^ found out, discovered, 
invented; to be devised, contrived; — 
M-fepH ce a^iaTHa Muna, a gold mine 
has been discovered; TaflHara ce — 
M-fepH, the secret was found out, dis- 
covered; — He n finding out, discover- 
ing (a new land, etc), inventing (a means 
of escape); discovery, invention; — Mtp- 
Bdq-b m discoverer, inventor; con- 
triver; — M'fepeH'b ppp found out, dis- 
covered, invented; devised, contrived; 
— pHTCJib m discoverer, inventor, 

H3HaMtpjiHB'b a inventive; — aocTb / 
— ness, inveittive faculty. 

H3HaHH3BaM'b va to string up all; v na- 

HHSBaM-b. 

H3HanptA'b ad before hand, before, in 
advance; formerly. 

HSHanpicKBaM'b va to sprinkle (all); v 
Hanp'bCKBaM'b. 

H3HacHJiBaM'b va to violate, ravish; to 
take with force; — ce vpr to be vio- 
lated, ravished; —He n violating, ra- 
vishing; violation; — Jiea* ppp violat- 
ed, ravished; compelled. 

H3Hdca imp v; ne mh — , it does not 
pay me, I can't afford it. 

H3HdcHM'b va to take out, move out, 
carry or bring out, fetch out; to convey 
out, away; to export; to bear, undergo, 
to bring forward, divulge (facts, etc); 
— H^coxa ro na CAitHuero, they took 
him out in the sun; BCHqKO — h6cox- 
Me B-bHi., we brought everything out 
(doors); — hc'^tc thh ntma ott. ry- 
Ka, take these things away from here; 
mo Aa Bh — Heca 3a eAene, what shall 
I bring you to eat? B-bJirapa — ca no- 
Beqero cypoaa croKa, Bulgaria ex- 
ports mostly raw goods; — H^coxa My 
HenpaHHTt ph3h, they got his dirty 
linen out; — ce vpr to be taken, moved^ 
carried, brought, fetched out, conveyed; 
to be exported; to be borne; to be 
brought forward, divulged; to move,. 
13 



■SHayqaan-b 



194 



H3HypflBaM1> 



move out, remove; — mc ce b* Apyra 
K;K.ma, we move to another house; a*- 
jiOTO Tp-bSsa Aa ce — Hece ao KpaH, 

the cause should be carried out to the 
end; — hc n taking out, fetching out, 
moving out, conveying out; bringing- 
Ing forward, divulging; exporting; ex- 
portation; — H^cea-b ppp taken, carried, 
brought, fetched, borne, conveyed out; 
brought forward; exported; — H6cT.,i"b 
app. 

H3HayqBaM-b v uayqaaMi. 

HSHautnsaM'b v Hau'bnBaM'b. 

H3HeBtpABaM-b va to prove false, un- 
faithful, be false to, betray; — pii hb 
wena ch, he proved unfaithful to his 
wife; — piixa Ha OTeqecTBOTO ch, they 
played the traitor to their country; 
CAA^ara ro — pii, fortune played false 
to him, forsook him; — ce vpr to be 
betrayed by; — ne n proving false, 
unfaithful, playing the traitor, betray- 
ing; breach of trust; —B-tpeH-b ppp be- 
trayed; — B-bpHHK-b m betrayer, traitor. 

naHeMom^BaiM-b vn to be spent with 
fatigue, break down with fatigue, faint 
away, become exhausted, succumb; toH 
€ c-bBctM-b — mtJiT., he is completely 
broken down, exhausted; — hc n exhaus- 
tion; — mtJi'b ppp exhausted, broken 
down, spent with fatigue. 

HSHCHdAa / surprise, surprisal; disappoint- 
ment; TOBa fit rojitMa — sa nacb, 
that was a great surprise to us; ne- 
npHflTHB — , unpleasant surprisal, a 
disappointment. 

H3HeH^ABaM-b va to surprise; to take 
unawares; — ce vpr to be surprised; 
—He n surprising; surprise, surprisal; 
— Aan-b ppp surprised. 

RSHeHaA^fiHO ad unexpectedly, unawares, 
suddenly. 

H3Heci V H3HactiM-b; — H^ceH-bppp. 

H3HH3BaM'b va to String up ^beads), em- 
broider with beads; — ce vpr to be 
strung; — ne n stringing; — san-b ppp 
strung. 

M3HMK(Hy)BaM'b VH to shoot, sprout, ger- 
minate, vegetate {of plants), grow, come 
up (of hair), cut {of teeth); to show up, 
appear of a sudden (pop); Tptsara e bc- 
le — HBJia, the grass has already grown 
up; jiouiH nocJitACTBHfl me — uar-b 
OTT. TOBa, bad consequences will result 



from this; 3«.6h My — ti* HBA'bTeTO, 

the child is cutting its teeth; —He n 
shooting, sprouting, germinating, grow- 
ing; vegetation; teething; — Haji-b ppp 
grown up, shot up, sprouted, budded; 
cut {of teeth). 

H3HHCaM-b V H3HacaM1>. 

H3HMmBaM'b va to unthread, pick asunder; 
ravel, fray out, unravel; — ce vpr to 
be picked asunder; to ravel, unravel, be 
ravelled, fray out, come unravelled; — 
He n unthreading, fraying out, ravelling; 
— mcHT. ppp unthreaded, ravelled, un- 
ravelled. 

H3HOBO ad anew, over again, afresh, once 
more; noMsaM-b — , to begin over 
again, from the begining, anew. 

H3H6ceH'b a paying, favo(u)rable, advan- 
tageous, profitable; — hh ycJiosHti, fair 
terms; hc My e —ho, it does not pay 
him, it is against his interests. 

H3HdceH-b a export, of export; —ho mh- 
TO, export duty. 

HSHOcBaMi. va to wear out, use up, wear 
away; o6ymaTa c«. cbBctM-b — ce- 
hh, the shoes are completely worn 
out, are unfit for use; — ce vpr to 
be worn out, away, used up; — hc 
n wearing out; — ccht. ppp worn out, 
used up; a old, second hand (clothes, 
etc); V H3Hac{iM'b< — ce. 

H3H6c'b m export, export goods; — 
CCHT. a export (duty), of export. 

H3HOC'b m wear, wearing out; T-fesH aP*- 
XH HtMaTi> — , this suit of clothes 
will never wear out, will last for ever. 

HSHyp^HHe m exhaustion, extenuatuation, 
fatigue. 

H3Hyp£H-b a tired out, exhausted, done 
up, worn out, spent; — ott. paSora, 
fatigue-spent, weary; — ott. rjiaA'b* 
faint with hunger; rJiaAHH h — hh, 
hungry and weary; — nocTb / exhaust- 
ion, weariness, wearisomeness, lassitude, 
languor. 

H3HypiiTejieH-b a wearying, wearisome, 
tiresome; exhausting, extenuating, ener- 
vating, overpowering; — ua pa6oTa, 
tiring work; —ho ad wearisomely, tire- 
somely; — HOCTb / weariness, weari- 
someness, exhaustion, faintness. 

H3Hyp^BaM-b va to tire out, exhaust, use 
up, fatigue, weary out; mhofo —Tb 
KOHer^, they work the horses too 
hard; — ce vpr to exhaust oneself, be 



HaHtXCBaMl. 



195 



H3o6mo 



exhausted, ^wear out, wear oneself out; 
BCHMKH c^ — peHH OTi. pa6oTa, all 
of them are exhausted from work, 
wearied out^ from work; —He n exhaust- 
ing; exhaustion; •—p^H'b ppp exhausted, 
wearied, tired, sick (of the world,, etc). 

HsniiKBaM'b va to effe^nate, spoil by 
overteiulijrness, make '"delicate; — ce 
vpr to fciecome effemfnate, soft, deli- 
cate; to spoil, get spoiled; — ne n ef- 
feminating, enervating; enervation. 

HSHtiKeH-b ,a effeminate, womanish, soft, 
deHt^ite; enervated; — ht. MCHSOT-b, ef- 
feminate life; —HO A'bTe, effeminate, 
delicate child; spoilt child; HOCTb / 
eff^inacy, effemlnateness. 

H3H;K.Tpt V HSBATpt. 

H3o6M;iBaM-b vn to abound in, with; to be 
abundant in, with, be full of, rich in; to 
overflow, teem; rasH ropa — aa ci. 
AHBeq-b^ this forest abounds in game; 
ptKara — Ba ct. sjiaro, the river is 
rich with gold deposit; — ne n abound- 
ing, abundancy; h H3o6HJicTByBaM'b. 

H3o6HJieH-b a abounding in, with, plentiful, 
abundant, ample, exuberant; copious; — 
HO ad abundantly; — HOCTb / plent- 
ifulness, copiousness. 

HaoSMjiHe n abundance, plenty; affluence, 
opulence, copiousness; bt. roJitMO — , 
in great abundance; abundantly; >kh- 
Bta BT, — , to live in plenty, in opu- 
lence; por-b Ha — , the horn of plenty, 
cornucopia. 

H3o6hx6ah V o6xo>KAaM-b. 

H3o6;ieKd V oGjinqaMii. 

H3o6jiHq&BaM'b va to censure, blame, 
upbraid, reprove; toH 6iine — q^rn. 
B-b mama, he was given the lie; — 
qHxa ro B-b np-bcT«.njieHHe, he was 
convicted of a crime; t* 6H;ioxa ny6- 
Jinqno — qenn, they were publicly 
censured; HCKa BauiHHT-b pasyM-b me 
— qii, censure me in your wisdom; — 
ce vpr to be censured; to censure, 
condemn, reprove, upbraid oneself; to 
be convicted; qecro ce — mt., I often 
upbraid myself; — ne n censuring, re- 
proving, reprimanding, condemning; — 
M^HHe n censure, reproof, blame, re- 
primand, reprehension; conviction (of 
a crime); condemnation; — q^Hi, ppp 
censured, reproved, condemned; convict- 
ed (of a crime); belied, given the lie. 



H3o6jiHqHTeJib m reprover, condemner, 
— jieHT> a reprehensive, reprehensory, 
convictive, condemnatory, reproving; — 
HO ad reprovingly, reprehensibly, in a 
condemnatory manner. 

H3o6pa}KdBaM-b va to represent, portray, 
depict, paint, delineate, describe, ex- 
press; ToM HH flCHo — Ba yMcacHara 
cuena, he portrays the terribe scene 
to us very distinctly; aymh ne Morari. 
— 3H, words cannot describe; JiMK-bT-b 
My e WHBO — 3eHi>, his face is vividly 
painted; — ce vpr to be represented, 
depicted, portrayed, painted, described, 
expressed; to portray, describe, depict 
or paint oneself; ryna ce — Ba Xpnc- 
Tocb pa3nHaTb, here is represented 
Christ crucified; rysHOCTb ce — uie no 
caMHT-b HM-b jiHi^a, one could read 
guilty conscience on their very faces; — 
He n painting, portraying, depicting, 
representing; — m^hhc n representation, 
portrayal; image, figure, picture; — 
s^H-b ppp painted, represented, portray- 
ed, depicted. 

H3o6pa3iiTejib m portrayer, painter, de- 
lineator, describer; — jieHT> a vivid, ex- 
pressive, full of expression, vivifying; 
— HO ad vividly, with expression, with 
animation; — HOCTb / expressiveness, 
expression, power of expression; in- 
tensity. 

H3o6peTdTe.nb m inventor; — flem. a 
inventive (genius); — HOCTb / inventive- 
ness, inventive faculty; ingenuity. 

H3o6peTHBaM'b va to invent (a machine); 
to concoct (a story); — ce vpr to be 
invented; — ne n inventing; — t^hhc 
n invention; contrivance, device; — t^ht. 
ppp invented; devised, contrived. 

H3o6yBaM-b va to take off, pull off 
(one's shoes); to provide with shoes; — 
ce vpr to take or pull off one's shoes; 
to be provided with shoes: — ne n taking 
or pulling off (one's shoes); — eyem., 
— eyr-b ppp taken or pulled off; pro- 
vided with shoes; with their shoes or 
stockings on. 

H366mo ad in general, generally, on the 
whole, taken together; — Kasauo, ge- 
nerally speaking; — KHHrara e Ao6pa, 
on the whole the book is a good one; 
roBopn 3a napoAa — , h 3a Bacb 
qacTHO, I am speaking of the people 
in general, and of you in particular. 



H90JlOnMiJl'h 



196 



H30XKBaMl> 



■30A0H;IIA1> V HSOTBAA'b* 

■36KOJIO ad around, round, about, round- 
about; all around; sarpaiKAaM-b •— , to 
fence or provide with a fence all around; 
to surround (an enemy) on all sides; — 
KAUiara, all around the house; — 
jiCH'b a roundabout (way), circuitous. 

■sonaq^Baifb va to distort (a truth), 
pervert, put a wrong meaning to (a 
word), misrepresent; roll — aa AYMHT-b 
MH, he puts a wrong meaning to my 
words; — ce vpr to be distorted, per- 
verted, be put wrong meaning to; —-He 
n distorting, perverting (the meaning 
of); — q^HHe n distortion, perversion; 
misrepresentation. 

Hsonaq^H-b a h ppp distorted, perverted, 
misrepresented; —ho ad wrongly, false- 
ly; perversely; — HOCTb / perverseness, 
perversity, distortion. 

HsdnBaiMi. v HSon-bBaM-b. 

Hson^pa v H3onHpaM-b. 

HsonHBaM-bva to make (all) druni^; — ce 
vpr to get drunk; —He n making or 
getting drunk; bchhrh 6'fexa ce xyGaso 
— nnjiH, all of them were soundly drunk. 

H3onHHaMi> v H3on'bBaM'h;—6nHa.T'b ppp. 

H3op4BaMi> va to plough up, finish 
ploughing; — ce vpr to be ploughed; 
—He n ploughing; —hi. ppp ploughed. 

HsocT^BaMi. vn to remain behind, linger, 
tarry, lag behind, straggle; to be left 
over or behind; to be kept in; to be in 
arrears; bchrkh Ctxa — bchh no hmtii, 
all of them were left behind on the way; 
roll e — Hajn> bt, ypouHT-b ch, he is 
behind in his studies; — ne n remaining 
behind, lagging behind, straggling; — 
Hajii> ppp left behind, lagging, strag- 
gling; in arrears (of a payment); h h3- 
ocraHBaM-b. 

H30CT^BaM-b va to leave behind, relin- 
quish, abandon, desert, quit; to omit, leave, 
leave over, off; to give away, up, sur- 
render; A'^TCTO 6hjiO — BCHO ua CBOfl- 

Ta CMiofia, the child had been left to 
his fate; ne MOXceM-b Aa — bumI) na- 
lUHTb npasa, we can't give up our 
rights; roil Ghac —Bern, no n;R.T9, he 
was left behind on the way; neAtflre 
ro — BH, don't forsake him or abandon 
him; — bhxmc to3h ypoKi>, we omit- 
ted this lesson; — ce vpr to be left 
behind, abandoned, forsaken; to be 
omitted; to abandon oneself; to give 



oneself, give way to, bow to; — bh;ii> 
ce e Ha npoH3Bojia« he has abandoned 
himself to fate; caMO neMy HtMa 
Aa ce — Bfl, I shall never give in to 
him or let him have the better of me; 
—He ft leaving behind; abandoning, 
forsaking; giving up; omitting; abandon- 
ment; — BCH-b ppp left behind; aban- 
doned, forsaken; given up; left off, 
omitted. 

H30CT6HBaM-b V H30CTaBaMl>. 

H36cTpeHi> ppp sharpened; pointed (end); 
a sharp; — ho ad sharp, pointed, taper- 
ing; —HOCTb / sharpness, pointedness. 

H35cTpK>BaMi> va to sharpen, whet, give 
or set an edge to (a knife, etc); to bring 
to a point; — p^re ch cafiHri, sharpen 
up you sabres; — p^re CH3;K.6HTt, get 
your teeth ready! — ce vpr to be 
sharpened; to get (one's mind, etc) 
sharpened, 

HSOTBiHl, — Ka V HSB'bH'b. \ ' 
H30TBATp4 V H3BAlTp'b. 

H30Trdp'b ad from above, from the top; 
from on high. 

H30TAaji6m> ad from far, from afar, at 
a distance. 

H30TAHp'k ad from behind, from the rear 
(of an army), from the back. 

H30TA6;iy ad from below, from under- 
neath; from the bottom. 

H30TAi ad from which side? from which 
place? how? whence, from whence? 

H30T3dA1>« — AH V H30TAHp'k. 

H30THBaM'b CH v/i to go away, go one's 
way, depart, go home; — 'AOXMe ch y 
AOMa, we went home; BcnqKH ex, ch 
— THuiAH, all of them have gone their 
away. 

H30TnpiA'b» —AH ad from the front, 
with the front, towards the front, in 
front, in the fore part; apMHara Gnjia 
uanaAHara — , the army had been at- 
tacked from the front. 

H30TcdM'b ad from this side, on this side. 

H30Tcp£uia ad from the opposite side, 
opposite, against. 

H30TT^M-b ad from that side, on that side. 

H30TTyKa ad from this side, on this side, 
this way. 

H36xKBaM-b vH to groan out, forth, give 
out a groan; — Ka orb 6ojikh, he 
groaned with pain; — hc n groaning, 
sighing; groan, cry. 






■snaAaM-b 



197 



■anHTBam* 



■sn&AaM'b vn to fall, fall out, off, to drop 
out, off, to slip off, come off; to fail, go to 
ruin, grow poor; to lose flesh; to fall 
upon, come in, hit on, light upon; — Ha 
MH eAHHi. SifLGi., one of my teeth 
came off; — naji-b e bI} ro;i'feMa G-bA- 
HOTHfl, he has grown very poor; — 
uaji-b B-b HSKyiueHHe, fallen into temp- 
tation; — 'Hajii* AyxoMi., out of heart, 
dispirited; bch^kh — xa Ha kojichh, all 
oi them fell down on their knees; orb 
A* — uaxTC, where do you come from? 
— HBJia My e qMBHnra, he is off, he is 
cracked(pop); — hc n falling off, out,away, 
dropping off, out; coming off; declin- 
ing, failing, growing poor; falling upon, 
hitting; —udijvb ppp fallen off, out, down, 
away; dropped off, out; come off, slipped 
off; fallen upon, come in, lighted upon; 
a failed, bankrupt; poor, weak, lean. 

H3napnBaMi>i;a to vaporise(-rize); to steam, 
wash or clean by steaming or scalding; 

— ce vpr to evaporate, be vaporised, 
fume away, pass off in vapo(u)r; —He 
n vaporising, vaporisation; evaporising, 
evaporation; exhalation, exhalement ; h 
Hsnap^HHe; — p^n-b ppp vaporised, 
evaporated; steamed, washed by steam- 
ing; scalded (of linen, etc); — pHM-b a 
evaporable. 

H3n^CBaM-b va to graze out all, depasture; 

— ce vpr to be all grazed (of grass); 
—He n grazing all, depasturing; — cen-b 
ppp all grazed, depastured. 

Hsn^TtiM'b, — iuaMi> vn to suffer, go 
through, pass through, endure, undergo; 
jioino CH e — THJi-b, he has fared badly, 
suffered badly; —He n suffering, endur- 
ing, going through; —that, ppp gone 
through, suffered. 

HsneKd V H3nHqaM-b. 

Hsn^paaM-b va to stretch out (one's wings, 
etc), outstretch, outspread; — ce vpr 
to stretch out, be stretched out; —He 
n stretching out, outstretching; cb — 
pcHH KpHJia, with its wings outstretched 
or spread out. 

HsnejitBaM-b ce vpr to slip away, steal 
away, abscond (pop) 

HsnepA^uiBaM'b va to plaster up. stucco, 
parquet (a wall); to strike, hit, administer 
a blow ^pop). 

HsnepAyuiBBM'b va to pluck out; to pluck, 
strike (pop). 



Hsn^qen-b a baked, roasted, roast; inured, 
hardened; AoGpt — , well baked, well 
done (steak); — B-b paGorara, used 
to the work, inured to the work , broken 
into the business. 

HanHBaM-b va to drink up, out, off, empty 
(a glass); — ao Kanna, to drink outfo 
the last drop; CoKpar-b — nAji-b ot- 
poBara, Socrates drank up the poison; 
-fire CH qati, drink up your tea; 

— ce vpr to be drunk; —He n drink- 
ing up, off, out, emptying; — nHeni, — 
UHT-b ppp drunk up, off, out; a thin, poor, 
meager, sunken (eyes). 

HanHJiBaM-b va to hatch out (chickens); 

— ce vpr to hatch out, be hatched 
out; —He n hatching out; — Jieni. ppp 
batched out. 

HsnHJiBaM-b va to file out, rub off; — ce 
vpr to be filed out, rubbed off; —He n 
filing out; — jicht. ppp filed out. 

HSHHpaM'b va to wash out (linen); — ce 
vpr to wash out, be washed; — hc n 
washing out, finishing washing; — 
HpdH-b ppp washed, clean (linen). 

HsnAcBaM'b va to write out (all); to fill with 
writing, cover with writing; to draw 
out, paint; to write for, order; — cax-b 
Utjiara rerpaAKa, I filled up the 
whole note-book; roll ch — ca aaro- 
Mo6HJi'b OT-b AnrjiHfl, he ordered an 
automobile in England; b^mcah — Ba 
oqH BaAH, he makes things worse by 
trying to fix them; — ce vpr to be 
written out; to be fi'ledwith writing; to 
be ordered; — ne n writing out; writing 
for, ordering; — cau-b ppp written out, 
filled out (with writing); ordered, writ- 
ten for. 

HSnHCKBaiH'b V HSHHIUHBaM'b. 

HaoHTdHHe n trial, test, experiment, 
probation; affliction, temptation; crpam- 
HO — t a terrible trial; noAJiaraMi na 
— , to try, put (a person) to the test; 
noAJiaraM-b ce na — , to go through 
a trial, undergo a trial. 

HSHHTdrejieHb a scrutinising, question- 
ing, inquisitive, searching (look), invest- 
igating; of investigation, of examination; 
—HO ad scrutinisingly, searchingly, in- 
quisitively, in a scrutinising manner; — 
HOCTb / inquisitiveness, scrutiny. 

HSHHT^Tejib m investigator, searcher; ec- 
xecTBo— , natural philosopher. 

HsoHTBaM'b va to examine, search, inquire 



198 



Hsn^iamaM-b 



Into, investigate; to try, put to the test; 
to essay (metals, etc); CTy^eHTHT-fe 6h- 
floxa — TaHH, the students were exam- 
ined; — Taflre tjx% xcHB-fetiT'b. inquire, 
find out, where they live; bchmko — 
ftre, search into all things; — TaxMC ro 
H ro HaM-bpHXMe qecreHi., we tried 
him and found him (to be) an honest man; 
ToA e — Tajii> BCHRKO B-b jKHBora, he 
has seen all kinds of life; xyKa rt — 
raxa toji'^mh MAmHOTHH, here they 
met with great difficulties; — ce vpr 
to be examined; to be tried, tested, proved, 
investigated; to examine oneself, search 
into oneself; cBHA'bTe^iHT'b ce ->Taxa, 
the witnesses were examined; xasH pa- 
Gora TptGBa Aa ce — ra, that matter 
should be inquired into, investigated; — 
He n examining; examination; inquiring, 
investigating; inquiry, investigation; 
testing; test; experiencing, undergoing; 
trial; v HsnHT^HHe; — s^m. m examiner; 
inquirer, investigator, searcher; — raHi. 
ppp examined; investigated, inquired 
into; tested, tried; experienced, felt; a 
tried (servant), faithlul (friend); exper- 

^ ienced, inured; — h6 v HsnHTaHHe. 

H3nRTi> m examination; trial, probation, 
temptation; ynHBepcHTercKH — , uni- 
versity examination; nHCMeu-b —.written 
examination; ycxem. — , oral exam- 
ination; nojiaraM-b — , to take one's 
examination; H3A'bp>KaMi> — , to pass 
one's examination; roTBn ce aa — , to 
prepare, get ready, for an examination; 
rypHM-b Ha — , to put to the test; — 
TCH-b a examining (board), examination, 
of examination 

HanriTi. a haggard, weak, sunken, (eyes); 

V H3nHBaM-b. 

H3nHqaM-b va to bake, bake well, enough 
{of bread, etc); to roast, broil [meat); 
to inure, harden, temper; ni>p>KOjiaTa 
aa e Ao6pt — qena, let the steak be 
well done; —q^Te xjit6a xy6aBo, see 
that the bread is well baked or thor- 
oughly baked; — h^kjih c«. ro bt. pa- 
CoTara, they have inured him in the 
business, have broken him in the bus- 
iness; — ce vpr to be baked; to be 
or get roasted; to be inured, hardened; 
to bake (oneself, itself); to inure oneself; 
—He n baking (bread), roasting (meat), 
inuring, hardening, tempering; — n^qen-b 
ppp baked, roasted; inured; a well- 



baked, well done (steak), broken in, 
inured, used to. 

H3nHmABaM-b va to cry out, scream, 
shriek; to blow 'of a whistle); a.%- 
TCTO — CHJiHO, the child cried out 
aloud, screamed; nHCKyHi>T-b e OT^aB- 
Ha — mtJi-b, the whistle (of a factory) 
has blown a long while ago; —He n 
crying, uttering a cry, screaming; scream; 
blowing, blow (of a whistle). 

H3nji^BaMi> vu to swim out. swim over, 
across; to come out on the surface; — ^ 
sax-b AO 6p-fera, I swam out to the 
shore; — hc n swimming out, over, 
across (a river, etc); coming to the 
surface (of water); — Baji-b ppp swam 
out, over, across; come floating on the 
surface. 

HSOJidBfiM'b va to wash, cleanse by water, 
rinse, lave; to huddle (ore); — ce vpr 
to wash, lave; to be washed, rinsed, 
cleansed by water; to be huddled; — 
He n rinsing, washing off; laving; — 
BCHT. ppp rinsed, washed off, laved; 
huddled (of ore). 

HsnAdKBaiwb va to rinse out; to clean 
out (of one's money, etc) — ce vpr to 
be rinsed; to be cleaned out; — ne n 
rinsing; laving; — nax-b ppp rinsed out; 
cleaned out. 

H3njiaMT'feBaM-b vn to flame up, take or 
catch fire, blaze up. 

Hsnjidra / payment, settlement, reimburse- 
ment. 

HSHJiduiBam-b va to frighten, startle, scare, 
alarm, terrify; iwHoro hh — uiHxre, 
you frightened us very much; GojiecTbra 
My — uiHJia poAHrejiHT-b My, his malady 
alarmed his parents; — ce vpr to be 
or get frightened, scared, be alarmed, 
terrified; to take fright, alarm; nenpHfl- 
TejibT"b ce — uih, the enemy took 
fright; JiecHO ce — Ba, he gets easily 
scared; — ne n frightening, scaring, 
alarming; fright, scare, alarm; — uieHi. 
ppp frightened, scared, alarmed; ter- 
rified. 

HsnjidutaM'b (-xa) va to pay up, off, out, 
away; to pay back, repay, requite; to 
discharge by degrees; BCHqKHH Ji-hnrt> 
My — XHX-b I paid him up all I owed 
him; — xh My 3jio 3a Ao6po, he re- 
turned him evil for good; — x6xe na- 
jiHqnocxb, pay up in like coin; stump 



H3n;ie3BaM-h 



HsnoB-bABaM'b 



up; CKxno me — thtc sa rosa, 

you shall pay dear for this; — ce vpr 
to be paid up, off, out, away; to get 
paid, reimbursed, repaid; to pay up, 
repay, discharge one's debts; bcukko My 
ce — TH, he was paid off entirely, he 
got all of the money due to him; He 
Mora Aa Bh ce —th sa AoCpHHara, 
I can't repay you for your kindness; 
napHTt me my ce — xan. cjitA'b rpH 
M-bceua, he shall be paid three months 
from date; — hc n paying up, paying 
out, discharging, acquitting, reimburs- 
ing; repayment, reimoursement, acquit- 
tal; — t6hi. ppp paid up, off, out; paid 
back, discharged, repaid, reimbursed, 
settled (of a debt). 

H3nji63BaM-b va to pull or put out (one's 
tongue); to grin; — ce vpr to be pulled 
out {of the tongue); — hc n pulling 
or putting out; — sen-b ppp pulled out." 

H3nji6cKBaMi> va to clap, clap out (with 
one's hands); to flap; — Kaxa iwy, they 
applauded him, he was applauded; — 
ce vpr to be clapped; —He n clapping; 
clap; flapping; — KaHi. ppp clapped. 

Hanji^TBaM-b v H3n;iHTaM'b. 

H3njiMBaM-b V H3njiaBaMi>. 

HSHJiHCKBaMi. vo to bale, empty out 
(water etc) with a pail; to ladle out, 
scoop out; to throw out, spill; — ce 
vpr to be baled out; —He n baling; 
throwing out, spilling; — KaHi> ppp 
baled out; thrown out, spilt. 

H3nAHTaM-b va to plait, braid, form into 
tresses, to plat; to interweave, interlace; 
to finish plaiting or braiding; — Koca- 
ra CH, to plait, braid or do up one's 
hair; — ce vpr to be plaited, braided, 
platted, tressed; to be interweaved; — 
He n plaiting, braiding; — nji^Tem. ppp 
plaited, braided, done up 'o/ the hairy, 
platted, interweaved; — nJi6;n. app. 

H3n;iyBBaM'b v HsnJiaBaM'b. 

H3nji-b3BaMi> va to slip, slip in, drop off, 
let go; — Haxi> ro ns-b pMutrt mh, 
he got away from my hands, slipped 
off my hands; — ce vpr to slip off; 
slip away, slide away, drop off; to get 
away from, escape; —He n slipping off, 
away; — HaTT> ppp slipped off, away; 
slid away; dropped off. 

H3nJi4BaM'b va to weed, weed out; — 
ce vpr to be weeded, —He n weed- 



ing; — Ben-b ppp weeded. 

H3njitcKBaM'b V HanjiecKsaM-b. 

H3njiK5BaM-b va to spit out, throw out, 
expectorate; — flre ro, spit it out; ne- 
Atflre — Ba ji-kKapcTBorOi don't spit 
out the medicine; — ce vpr to be spit 
out, thrown out, expectorated; —He n 
spitting out, throwing out, expectorat- 
ing; — eHT>, — T-b ppp spit or spitten out. 

H3no6HBaM'b va to nail up; to drive in 
(stakes); to beat, do up; — CiixMe ce 
Aa Bh T-bpcHM-b, we killed ourselves 
in looking for you; Tp-bnKH ro— 6i)xa, 
he shuddered, was seized with the chills. 

H3no6o.nHBaM-b ce vpr to fall sick, get 
sick, be attacked (with a disease); bch^- 
KHTt yqeHHUH cm ce — jiIjjih, all of 
the schoolboys have fallen or become 
sick; —He n falling, becoming or get- 
ting sick; sickness; — Jitjii. ppp fallen 
sick, become or gotten all sick. 

H3noB'ip3BaMi> to bind, tie down, ban- 
dage, dress with a bandage; BHAtxMe 
th — 3aHH, we saw them bandaged 
or in bandages; — ce vpr to be ban- 
daged, dressed in bandages; to be bound, 
tied; — ne n bandaging (a wounded), 
dressing in bandages; tying, binding; 
— aani* ppp bandaged, in bandages; 
tied, bound. 

HsnoBtAaHHe n confession, avowal; prof- 
fession, religion, faith, denomination; no 
— npaBOCJiaaeH-b, Orthodox by re- 
ligion. 

H3noBtABaMi> vu to confess, shrive; to 
acknowledge, avow, admit; to pro- 
fess; — Ba rp-fexoBert ch, he confessess 
his sins; —Me BHHara ch, we admit 
our fault; — Ai •«e ro e cTopHflT>, he 
confessed having done it; G-bjirapHTb 
—XT. rp-buKara npasocjiaBHa Btpa, 
the Bulgarians profess the Greek Or- 
thodox faith; me — abmi. bchiko, I 
will confess or tell everything; — ce 
vpr to confess (one's sins, etc); to 
admit, avow; to be confessed; to be 
admitted, avowed, acknowledged; to go 
to confession; — AaxMC ce nptAi* Bora, 
we confessed before God; — ne n con- 
fessing (a person, one's sias, etc), ad- 
mitting (one's fault); acknowledging; con- 
fession; admission, acknowledgment, 
avowal; — B^q-b m confessor; — Aan-b ppp 



HSnOBtAHHK-b 



200 



H3noxa6flBaMi> 



confessed; avowed, admitted, acknow- 
ledged. 

H3noBiAHHKi> m confessor (of faith), 
father-confessor, shriver; penitent; E^y- 
apflT. — T-b, Edward the Confessor; — 
MecKH a confessor's, of a confessor; — 
qecTBo / office of a confessor. 

MsnoB-feAb / confession (to a priest); avow- 
al, admission; npaasi — sa rp-faxoBert 
CH, to confess one's sins; — ra iwy e 
HCKpeHa, his confession is sincere; 
nyojiHqHa — , public confession or ad- 
mission; — ACHi. a confession, con- 
fessionary, of a confession, confessor's 
(fee), confession (chair). 

H3nord3BaM-b v HaraasaM-b. 

Hanor^psTM-b v Harapam-b. 

HanorHHBaM-b v norHHaaM-b. 

Hanorop^BaM-b v HarapHMfb. 

Hanory^BaM'b v noryfiBaiM'b. 

HSnOA^BSIM'b V H3AaBSIM-b. 

HanoAHpaiH-b v HSAHpaM-b. 

HanoA'b prep from under. 

Hano^wAaM'b v naewAaMi.. 

HanoKpHBaM-b v noKpHsaM-b. 

HanoK-bprnsaiH-b v HSK-bprnBaM-b. 

HanoKicaaM-b va to tear up, tear in 
pieces, wear out; to break up into pieces; 
— caxMc cH AptxHT-fe, we tore our 
clothes all up; — ce vpr to tear up, 
tear all up, tear in pieces; to wear out; 
to be torn up, torn to pieces; to be 
worn out; to fret to death, kill oneself 
(with work); — ca ce OTb hat,, he killed 
himself with rage; — cax-b ce orb pa- 
Cora, I killed myself with work; — hc 
n tearing up, tearing to pieces, rending; 
— caBi> ppp torn up, torn to pieces; 
broken up; a ragged, tattered, in tatters, 
all in rags. 

i&anojiHaa / half of; AaaaMi. Ha — , to 
lease (a farm) for half of the produce; 
HaeMBM-b Ha — , to rent for half of the 
produce. 

lianojiy ad half, by half, at half; v na- 
nojiHua. 

HanoMeiKAy v H3Mex<Ay. 

HanoMplaBaM-b vn to freeze up entirely, 
completely, perish with cold; — uaxMe 
OTb cryAT.* we nearly froze up, we are 
perishing with cold; —hc « freezing up; 
— Haji-b ppp frozen up, all frozen up. 

HanoMAqaMi. v HSMiR.qBaM'b. 

Hanon^AaMi. vn to fall out, off, away, 



come off, drop, fall down, break down; 
to fall out of the ear {of corn, eicj; 
BodHHUHTt — Aaxa or-bKypuiyMHrt, 
the soldiers dropped on the ground from 
wounds inflicted by the bullets; — Aax- 
Me OTT> cM-bx-b, we dropped down 
laughing; — ae n dropping down, falling 
down, out, off. 
HanondpaaiM-b v nonapaaM-b. 
HanonAdmBBM-b v HaaAauiBaM'b. 
HanonpicKBaM-b va to sprinkle all, be- 
spatter, wet with a squirt; — ce vpr to 
be all sprinkled up, bespattered; — hc 
n sprinkling, bespattering; — KaHi. ppp 
besprinkled, bespattered. 
HandnptAH ad from before; formerly, 

previously. 
H3nonyKBaMi> v HanyKBam-b, nanyK- 

BaiMii. 
HanonijiHiiM-b va to fill up, fill out (on 

a large scale); v HsnbAHsiM-b. 
HanopaaKACBaM-b v paaKjucaaM-b. 
nandpeu-b m an unborn animal (cut from 

the womb of its mother). 
HandcAt ad afterwards, later on, subse- 
quently; v noc;it. 
HanocT^BaM'b va to exaust with fasting; 
to wash and scour thoroughly (of 
utensils before a fast); — ce vpr to 
live on a vegetable diet too long, weaken 
with fasting; to be scoured, cleaned {of 
utensils); — ae n weakening with fast- 
ing; scouring (dishes, etc); — t^hi. ppp 
weakened with fasting; scoured clean. 
Hanoc'BBaM'b v noc^BaM-b. 
HsnoT^H'b a covered with sweat, sweaty, 
perspiring; — THTCJieu-b a sudorific (med- 
icine), sweating (bath), perspiratory, 
diaphoretic. 
HanoTpdiUBaM'b v HaTpouiBaM'b. 
HanoTypqaaMi. v noTyp>iBaM-b. 
HandTBBM-b va to cause to sweat, per- 
spire; ToaH KaM-bK-b HH — TH, that rock 
made us sweat; — ce vpr to sweat, 
perspire; MHOro ce — sa, he sweats a 
great deal; — thxmc ce ott> THqaae, 
we are all sweat from running; — ne n 
sweating, perspiring; perspiration, sud- 
ation, exudation; — t6ht. ppp covered 
with sweat, sweaty; — thjit. app. 
HanoxaSHBaiH'b va to waste away, spoil, 
expend wantonly .or unnecessarily; to 
throw away, ruin; — x^Shxtc TOJiKOBa 
nABTb, you wasted away or ruined so 



HsnoqyneaM'b 



201 



■snpamaM-b 



much of cloth; — x^SHXMeckjiHT'fe ch, 

we exhausted our strength; we threw 
our efforts away; — ce vpr to waste 
oneself away, be wasted away, spoiled, 
rained; —He n wasting away, spoiling, 
ruining; waste, ruin; —6€H-h ppp wasted 
away, used to no purpose, ruined, spoiled. 

HsnoqynBHM'b v HsqynsaM'b. 

H3n6mBaMi> va to rid of lice; — ce vpr 
to rid oneself of lice. 

Hsno^MCAaiH-b va to eat up, eat or de- 
vour all; V HaeiKAaM'b. 

Hsnp^Beu-b a erect, standing, straight up; 
accurate, exact, correct; He;iOBtK-b xo- 
flH — , man walks erect; —Ha cM-bTKat 
correct account; bt. —ho cbCToaHHe, 
in good condition, in good order; — 
HOCTb / accuracy, good order; B-b — 
HOCTb, accurate, in good order. 

HsnpdBHM-b va to set or put up straight, 
stand upright, make to stand up; to 
set right, straighten up, to even, fix; to 
level; to stretch out; to settle up; to 
discipline, correct, reform (a person); to 
put to rights, s6t to rights; to redress 
(a wrong); — aire ro na saAHHT^ My 
HOse, let him stand or stand him up 
on his hind legs; — B^re ch rjiasara, 
raise your head up, hold or keep your 
head straight; bi. apMHflra me ro — 
BHT-b, the army will discipline him; 
MiimHo me — bhmi> raan pa6oTa« it 
will be a hard thing for us to straight- 
en up that affair or to set that af- 
fair to rights; — ce vpr to stand up, 

' get up, rise, stand erect or straight; to 
be set up, raised up, put up straight, 
iixed; to be set right, set to rights, put 
to rights; to get straight again, become 
straight again; to be corrected, reformed; 
to be redressed; TOKy mo ctiwh ce — 
BHji-b Ha KpaKara ch, I have barely 
gotten up on my legs; — b^tc ce, sit 
up straight, stand up, stand erect; h 
TOBa HeAopasyMeHHe me ce — bh, that 
misunderstanding will also be settled 
up or cleared up; MeiKara ce 6-b — 
BHJia Ha saAHHTt ch KpaKa, the bear 
was standing on her hind legs; cmtr- 
Kara ce — bh, the account was cor- 
rected, put to rights; — ne « setting up, 
putting up straight, putting upright, 
raising up, standing up, making to stand 
up, rising up, straightening up, making 
straight, fixing up, setting or putting 



right, to rights; settling, evening up; 
reforming; redress (of grievances); — 
BeH-b ppp set up, put up straight, 
raised up; standing (on one's feet), erect; 
straightened up, put right, fixed up, put 
to rights; evened up, settled up; cor- 
rected; disciplined; reformed; vHsnpa- 
BeHi> a. 

H3np^3HtiM'b va to empty, vacate, eva- 
cuate; to empty out, drink out (a glass); 
to draw, pluck (poultry); —Hire tosh 
caHAiiK-b, empty out that box; Kasax-b 
HM-b AH —Til KinmaTai I told them to 
vacate the house; — HHX-b nymKara bt. 
MeqKara, I discharged my gun at the 
bear; — ce vpr to be emptied, vacated 
evacuated; to empty oneself; to go to stool; 
—He n emptying, vacating, evacuating; 
evacuation (of a place); — -Hea-b ppp 
emptied out {of a glass); vacated, eva- 
cuated (o/ a room); discharged (of a 
gun). 

HsnpasHHTeab m evacuator; separator; 
jieHi* a evacuation, of evacuation, eva- 
cuant; excretive. 

H3np<iTeHHK-b m envoy, embassador. 

ii3npaT'bK-b m tip, present. 

H3npdmaM-b va to cover with dust, make 
dusty; to hoe up, finish hoeing (a 
garden, etcy, — ce vpr to get dusty, 
become dusty; to be hoed up; — ne n 
making dusty, covering with dust; hoe- 
ing up; — mcHT. ppp made dusty, cov- 
ered with dust; disty; hoed up. 

H3np^maMi> (-Tsi) va to send, forward, 
despatch, transmit; to ship (goods); to 
send off, away, escort, accompany, see 
off, away, out; to wait on, upon; to com- 
mission; TyK-b npHK;iK)<ieH'b Bh — e- 
AHHT. qcK-b, enclosed I am sending you 
a check; — T^re mh KHHrara no B'b3- 
MOiKHOCTH no-CKopo, Send me the book 
as soon as possible; — r^xe HtKoro aa 
AOKTopa, send (or the doctor; — maMi} 
Bh no nomara, I am sending you by 
mail; — THXMe ro ao cTanuHUTa, we 
escorted or accompanied him to the 
station; Tfe — maxa npHHTeJinrt ch, 
they were sending or seeing their friends 
off; -marl. Bh MHoro SApaBC, they 
are sending you their love, regards or 
best wishes; roil mh — th cboht* no- 
sApaBjieHHfl no cjiyqan, he sent me 
his congratulations (or paid me his 
compliments) for the occasion; — ce 



HanpamnBaM-b 



201 



H3nptAl> 



vpr to be sent, forwarded, despatched, 
transmitted {of a letter); to be sent 
off, away, seen away, off, escorted, 
accompanied; — th Bh ce no noutara, 
it was sent to you by post; — ue n 
sending, forwarding, despatching, trans- 
mitting; sending off, seeing off {of 
friends, etc), sending away; — m^q-b m 
sender, forwarder, transmitter; shipper 
(of goods); — TeHT> ppp sent; sent off, 
away; — thji-b app. 

Hanpam^BaM-b vn to crash, crackle, fall 
with a crash; — ne n crashing, crash, 
crackle. 

HsnpHAaM-b va to spin out, finish spin- 
ning; — ce vpr to be spun out; — ne n 
spinning out; — np^aem. ppp spun out, 
all spun; — np^Ji-b app. 

HanpHKiaBaMb va vn to say out all, say 
out all one has to say. 

HanpHiuBaM-b va to blister (one's hands, 
etc), cover with blisters, cause to blis- 
ter; — ce vpr to blister, be blistered, 
get blistered; to be covered with pim- 
ples, become pimpled, pimply {of the 
face); —He n blistering, covering with 
blisters or pimples; getting pimpled or 
pimply; —mcH-b ppp Ha blistered (hand), 
pimpled, pimply (face). 

HanpoB6>KAaM'b va to send, send off, a- 
way, out, escort, accompany; to for- 
ward, transmit, despatch; — a^tc mh 
KHHrara aaKojieAa, send me the book 
in time for Christmas; — ahxmc ro ao 
Co(}>Hii, we escorted him up to Sofia; 
xoAHXMe Aa — BdAHM-b 6auia hh, we 
went to send or see our father off; — 
ce vpr to be sent, sent off, away, out; 
to be escorted, accompanied; to be 
transmitted; —He n sending, sending 
off, away, out, seeing off; escorting; — 
Ai<ii> m sender; — BtfACHi. ppp sent, 
sent off, away, out, escorted; transmit- 
ted; — AHJi-b app; V HsnpamaM-b. 

HanpoA^BaM-b va to sell out, sell off, sell 
all out; — Ae ch bch^ko, he sold out 
all he had; KHHrara e — Aena, the 
book is out of print; — ce vpr to sell 
out, off, be sold out, off, be all sold; — 
H€ n selling off, out; — Aen-b ppp sold 
off, out, all sold, out of print {of a book) 

ManponHBaM-b va to dissipate, squander, 
waste in drinking; toW e — nHJi-b scnq- 
KOTO 6oraTCTBO Ha 6aiua cm, he has 
squandered his father's entire property 



in drinking; — ce vpr to begin drink- 
ing, start drinking, give oneself up to 
drinking; — ne n squandering by drink- 
ing; dissipating, dissipation; — nHeHi** 

HHT-b ppp. 

H3npdcBaM-b va to obtain by begging, 
prayer or entreaty, to solicite, beg, re- 
quest, ask for; — chjih my ex. neHCHS) 
they have gotten him a pension; — 
ceHi} oT-b Bora, obtained from God 
(through prayer;; — ce vpr to be ob- 
tained or gotten by begging, prayer or 
entreaty; to be begged, asked for; — 
He n obtaining by begging, prayer or 
entreaty; begging, asking tor; — ceni* 
ppp obtained or gotten oy begging or 
through prayer, begged for; — chjit. app. 

Hanpy^KsaM'b va to stretch out; to rack; — 
ce vpr to be stretched out; racked; — 
He n stretching out; racking; — JKeHV 
ppp stretched out; racked. 

HanpyxTflBaM-b vn to snort, sneeze; — ne 
n snorting; snort 

Hanp-bXHysaM-b vn to become dry, grow 
or get stale {of bread); to dry-rot; — He 
n drying, growing or getting stale, dry- 
rotting; — naji-b ppp become dry, grown 
or gotten stale; a stale, dry-rot. 

Hanp-feB^psaM-b va to go, get or come 
before, get ahead of, outstrip, overtake, 
take ihe lead, get the start of, leave 
behind; APyrn Me — pnxa, others got 
ahead of me, were before me, forstalled 
me, were beforehand with me; — pHX- 
me TH no hata, we overtook and left 
them behind on the way; — pn bchm- 
KHTb ch cbKJiacHHUH, he got ahead of 
all his classmates; — ce vpr to be out- 
stripped, left behind, passed by, fore- 
stalled; to scramble for, strive, struggle 
for fa thing); — ne n coming before, 
overtaking, outstripping, taking the lead 
of, getting the start of; scrambling for; 
— pcH-b ppp outstripped, gotten ahead 
of, outdone, left behind; outrun; pre- 
vented (from doing a thing); anticipated. 

H3nptr(HyB)aM'b va to unharness, un- 
yoke, take out, unhitch; — ce vpr to 
be unyoked, unharnessed {of horses); — 
He « unyoking, unharnessing, taking 
off; — Harii ppp unyoked, unharnessed. 

HanptAH ad before, formerly, previously. 

Hanp^AH ad before, in front, first. 

Hanp'bA'b prep before, in front of. 



r 



HsnptHacsiM-b 



203 



Hsn-b^iBaMi. 



H3np%H^CHM-b va to carry over all, 
convey, transport all; to finish <;arry- 
ing; — H^coxMC ch bchmko bi> HOBara 
K^ma , we moved all of our things into 
our new house; — ce vpr to move, 
remove, be moved, carried over, trans- 
ported; Me6ejiHTt ce — H^coxa or-b 
KAiuara, the furniture was brought 
over from the house; —He n carrying, 
bringing over, moving, removing; trans- 
porting; transportation (of an army); 
— H^ceH-b ppp carried or brought over, 
moved, removed; transported — H^cbfl-b 
app. 

HanptTpicBaMi. v np'br-bpcBaM'b. 

H3nptqBaM-b va to place before or oppo- 
site, set against or opposite; — ce vpr 
to be placed or set before, against or 
opposite; to come up, appear, show up; 
to loom up; to stand up; roji-biMH m^h- 
HOTMH HH ce — iHxa, great difficulties 
or obstacles were facing us; nptAi* 
nac-b ce — qn eAHH-b seaHKaH-b, there 
loomed up before us a giant; —He n 
placing or setting before, against, oppo- 
site; coming up, appearing, looming; 
— qeHT. ppp placed iJefore, against, set 
against; standing up big, looming up; — 
RHfl-b app. 

HsncoBHCBaM-b vn to die, perish {pop). 

HsncyaaM-b va to scold, abuse, swear at 
(a person). 

HsnyKBaMb va to crack all over, fissure; 
— ce vpr to crack, be cracked, get 
cracked; to burst; to die (of hunger); 
— KaxMe ce ott. cM'bx'b, we burst out 
laughing, split our sides with laugh- 
ing; — He n cracking, fissuring; — Kan-b 
ppp cracked all over, all cracked; fis- 
sured. 

HsnyjiflM-b va to pull, open wide (one's 
eyes); — ce vpr to be pulled out, 
opened wide; to open wide (o///i^ ^^^5), 
make big eyes; — ne n pulling out, 
opening wide; — Jien-b ppp pulled out, 
opened wide; a big (eyes). 

HsnycKaM-b va to let out, let off, let go; 
to drop, let fall, let drop, let slip; to 
set free, let loose, set at liberty; to 
emit; to omit (a lesson); vn to come 
off {of colo(u)rj; — naxa nrHMKara, they 
let the bird out, let the bird escape, 
set the bird free; — h? ch qacoBHHKa, 
he let his watch droji (on the ground); 



— H^re ni>pBHfi ypoKi, omit, leave 
out, the first lesson; — naxMC xy6a- 
BHfl c.iyqati, we let slip a fine oppor- 
tunity; xasH Apexa — Ka, the colo(u)r 
of this garment comes off; qepKBa — 
Ha, church is over, is out; — ce vprio 
be let out, off, go, drop, fall, slip, 
free; to be dropped; to be set free, set 
at liberty; to slip, make a slip, a breaks 
let oneself out, commit oneself; to be 
omitted; — na ce h Kaaa e^na Ji-bH^a, 
he made a slip and told a lie; —He n 
letting out, off, go, fall, drop, slip; 
dropping; setting free, at liberty; e- 
mitting; omitting (a lesson); — Har-b 
ppp let go, let fly, let escape {of a 
bird, etc I, let loose, set free {of a pris- 
oner); dropped (on the floor); omitted,, 
left out; — Hajn» app. 

Hsnycraji^BaM-b vn to grow, get or be- 
come weak, old or decrepit. 

ManyxBaiH-b va to beat out, beat the dust 
out of, clean by beating; to thrash, 
drub, give a druobing {pop/, — ce vpr 
to be be;iten out {of clothes); —He rt 
beating out; — xan-b ppp beaten, out, 
cleaned. 

HsnyuiBaM-b va to smoke up, finish up 
(a cigar); to smoke-dry {of pork, efc); 
to smoke ou.', consume by smoking; 
— ce vpr to be smoked up, smoked 
out; —He n smoking up or out; — uien-b 
ppp smoked, smoked up or out 

H3nyiiiBaM-b va to stop up, fill up (a 
hole); — (e vpr to be stopped, filled 
up; —He n stopping up (a gap), filling 
up; — uieni* ppp stopped or filled up; 
all stopped up. 

HsnyiuaM-b v HsnycKaM-b. 

H3n-b(H)BaM'b va to stretch out, draw 
out, pull out; — KO>Ka, to stretch out 
leather; — ce vpr to stretch out; to be 
stretched out, drawn out, pulled out; 
to stretch oneself, lie down; — ne n 
stretching out; —Han. ppp stretched 
out, full-spread. 

H3nijiBaMb, — HHM-b, — HioBaMT. va to 
fill, fill up, out; to occupy, take up; to 
fulfil, carry out, execute, perform, ac- 
complish, realise (-ize); to answer; Kana- 
ji-bT-b e Chjit.— HCHT. c-b np-bCTb, the can- 
al has been filled with dirt; — hcht. cb 
npocTb, full of rage; — hcht. ct. flyxa 
CBeraro, filled with the Holy Ghost; 
ToH — HH o6tmaHHeTO CH, he ful- 



■3ni>Ji3flBaM-b 



204 



H3IIAlK(Hy)Bail'fc 



lilled his promise, kept his promise; — 
UHXMe nopiR.4KHT'b, we filled out the 
orders; He — HHxa Hamara MOJi6a, 
they did not comply with our request; 
— HMXi* AJi'biKHOCTbTa CH, I did my 
duty, discharged my duty; — hm mho- 
To M-bcTO, it takes up too much room; 
CM-bpTHara npHCAAa Chac — aena, 
the sentence of death was executed; — 
«6Te BOJiiiTa My, do his will; — ce 
^pr to be filled, filled up, fill out; to 
be fulfilled, realised, executed; to fill 
oneself; to fill; to become full; npopo- 
MecTBOTO ce — hh, the prophecy was 
fulfilled; — HHxa ce ci> Ayxa Cse- 
Taro, they were filled with the Holy 
Spirit; AynKHTt ce •— nnxa, the holes 
were filled up, stopped up; 3anoBtai»- 
Ta My ce — hh, his order or command 
was fulfilled, carried out or executed; 
— HH MH ce BOJisiTa, my will was done; 
sajiara ce —hh cb napoA'b) the hall 
was filled with people; cT.pAi4eTO My 
ce — HH Cb paAOCTb, his heart was 
filled with joy; — ne n filling, filling up, 
out; fulfilling, realising; performing (an 
act), executing (a decree); — h^hhc n 
fulfilment (of a promise), execution (of 
a will), realisation (of one's wish), per- 
formance (of a play); rypHM-b bt, — hc- 
HHe, to execute, put into execution; — 
HCHT, ppp filled (with joy), filled up, 
out; fultilled, realised; executed, per- 
formed; full of (joy, etc)\ —HiiM-b a 
realisable, feasible, executable, practi- 
cable. 

Hsn-bjis^BaMi* vn to crawl out, creep out, 
come out crawling; — ne n crawling 
out; crawl; — 3A;i-b ppp crawled out. 

H3n'b;iHHTejib m fulfiller (of a promise), 
executor (of a will', performer, player; 
executioner, hangman; — jien-b a exe- 
cutive (power), executory; of execution; 
— jiCHT. jiHCTb, a writ of execution. 

Han'bJiH^BaM'b va to fill, fill out, occupy 
(a position); to perform, do (one's will), 
execute (& decree); — ce vpr to be 
filled out, performed, executed, done; 
—He n filling out, performing, execut- 
ing, fuliiliing, doing; v H3ni>jiH^HHe; 
— HCH-b ppp filled, filled out, perform- 
ed, executed; v H3n-bJiBaMi>. 

Hsn-bHBaM-b V H3n'bBaM-b. 

HSH'injiaM-b, — jiioBaM-b vn to crawl out, 
creep out, come crawling out. 



HsnipBO, — M-b, — BtH-b ad at first, at 
the start, at the beginning. 

H3nipxcBaM'b va to fry up (eggs, etc'\ 
to singe, burn up; — ce vpr to be 
fried up; to be singed, burned; —He n 
frying up; — xceni* ppp fried up, all 
fried; sun- burnt, scorched (by the sun). 

H3n-&pjifiM'b va to singe, clean bv singe- 
ing or burning, sweal (swine); — ce 
vpr to be swealed, singed; — ne n sweal- 
ing, singening; — jieH-b ppp swealed, 
singed. 

H3n-&CTpHM'b, — pioBBM-b va to Streak, 
variegate, speckle, checker, make fancy; 
— ce vpr to be streaked, variegated, 
speckled, checkered, gay-colo(u)red; — 
He n variegating; variegation; — peH-b 
ppp variegated, spotted, speckled, motly, 
gay-colo(u)red. 

Hsn-buiKBaM-b vn to groan out, give out 
a groan, to sigh; — Ka Te>KKo, tie groaned 
out heavily; — He n groaning out, giv- 
ing out a groan; groan. 

HsnisaM-b (-n) va to sing, sing out (a 
song); to render (a solo); to strike (a 
tune); — Mxe hh eAna ntceHb, sing us 
a song, give us a song; — ce vpr to 
be sung; MHoro ntcHH ce — xa, many 
songs were sung; — ne n singing, sing- 
ing out, rendering; —em., — tt. ppp 
sung, rendered; — n-fe^-b app. 

H3n;KAii-OBq&pb m field-poppy {bof). 

H3nA.}KAaM'b (-ah) va to drive out, drive 
away, off, put out, turn out, turn forth; 
to expel, eject (out of the house); to 
dislodge (an enemy); to banish, exile; — 
AH CHHa CH, he turned out his son; 
— A^re TH OTT. ryKa, drive them out 
Df here, turn them out of here; — ahjih 
CA ro OTT. yqHJiHuiero, he has been ex- 
pelled from school; — ce vpr to be 
driven out, off, away; to be turned out; 
to be expelled; — ne n driving out, off, 
away, turning out; expelling; expulsion; 
— ACHT. ppp driven out, off, away; 
turned out; expelled; — AenHKi. m a 
person turned out or expelled. 

H3nMK(Hy)BaM-b vn to stand out, jut out, 
forth; to project, stick out {of the eyes), 
protrude; to be conspicuous, shine forth, 
become prominent (in society, etc); to- 
sh <))aKT'b — Ba pejiHe(})Ho, that fact 
presents itself in a conspicuous way; 

TOfl CKOpO —Ha B-b HauiHtl nOJIHTH- 



r 



HsnjK.KHaji'b 



qecKH xcHBOTi>, he soon became a con- 
spicuous or prominent factor in our 
political 'life; aqHT-fe My 6%xa — najiH 
OTT> sipocTb, his eyes were bulging 
out with rage; — ae n standing out, pro- 
jecting; coming out into prominence, 
becoming prominent; conspicuousness, 
prominence. 

H3nx.KHaji-b a standing out, jutting out, 
forth (of a rock), projecting; promi- 
nent, conspicuous (in society); arched, 
square (brow), convex; — jioctb / pro- 
jection, convexity. 

Hsn^qBaM-b va to throw out (one's chest), 
raise up (one's shoulders); — ce vpr to 
throw out one's chest; to bulge (o/ the 
belly); to face up (a person); — hc n 
throwing out (of one's chest); bulging 
out; — MCHi. ppp with one's chest 
thrown out; bulging out; barrelled; jut- 
ting out, projecting. 

HspaCdTBaM'b va to work, make, fabri- 
cate, manufacture; to work off, out; 
elaborate, ffnish; to cultivate, improve 
(land, etc); to procure, obtain; to earn; 
Ati^a --T-b TtsH CTOJIOBC, Children 
make or work these chairs; — thx-b abb 
qH(t)Ta o6yma, I finished two pairs of 
shoes; — thjit* ch e neHCHRra, he has 
earned his pension, is worthy of his 
pension; — ce vpr to be worked, made, 
manufactured; to be cultivated; to be 
earned; to be procured; ryKi. ce — tt. 
HrpawKH, they manufacture toys here; 
—He n working, making, manufactur- 
ing; working out, elaborating, finishing; 
cultivating; obtaining, procuring; fabri- 
cation, manufacture; elaboration; — B^q-b 
m maker, worker, manufacturer; — ree-b 
a H ppp worked, made, wrought; elab- 
orated, finished; cultivated; procured; 
earned; — 66TKa / work, make, finish. 

Hsp^BHroBaMi., — H^BaMii va to level, 
level up, make even, smooth, to even up; 
to line up straight, set in a line, draw 
up in a line; to equalise (-ize);to make up 
(for a loss), compensate; to settle (a 
dispute); to balance (accounts, etc); — 
n^Tb. to level a road; — HiixMe na- 
uiHT-b HeAopasyMeHHH, we settled up 
our disputes; — hhxmc ch CM-bTKHTt, 
we settled or squared our accounts; — 
ce vpr to be levelled, made even; to 
get or become level; to get into line; 
to be settled up, fixed; to be balanced; 



O HspacTBaM-b 

to be equalised; — h^tc ce, line up, draw 
up in a line {of soldiers); —He n lev- 
elling, making level, smooth; evening 
up; equalising; equalisation; drawing up 
in a line; settling; settlement, adjust- 
ment (of disputes, etc), arrangement; 
balancing, balance (of accounts); — n^n-b 
ppp levelled, made level, smooth, even; 
evened, evened up; made up, fixed, 
settled, adjusted, balanced. 

HSp^BflM-b V HSpOBBaM'b. 

HspdiKAaM-b ce vpr to degenerate; to 
deteriorate, debase; to revert to its ori- 
ginal state; 6^jiaTa paca ce — Aa, the 
white race degenerates, is degenerating^ 
uapesHuara npn BTopara roAHHace — 
Aa, after the second year of its plant- 
ing the maize reverts to its former 
state; —He n degenerating; degenera- 
tion; deterioration; — poA^H-b ppp; a v 

HSpOACH-b. 

HspaxciaaMi. v HspasaaaMi.. 

■apaiK^HHe n expression; phrase, term; 
form; mode; — na aqHrb, expression 
pf the eyes; — na paAOCTb, expression 
of joy; rexHHqecKO — , technical term; 
H-bMa HHKaKBo — , there is no ex- 
pression whatever; 6jiaropoAHO — , a 
noble look or appearance; necBoitcTBe- 
HO — , improper term. 

H3pa3HTe;ib m expresser; conveyor, in- 
dicator, testifier; — jiem. a expressive; 
—HO ad expressively, with expression; 
— HocTb / expressiveness, expression^ 
force of expression. 

HspaansaM-b va to express; to utter, give 
utterance to; to describe; Hceaaa Aa 
— 3H cBOHTa 6jiaroAapHocTb, I wish 
to express my gratitude; — ce vpr to 
be expressed; to express oneself; ct. 
AyMH He MO)Ke Aa ce — 3h, words 
cannot describe it; -36x6 ce sicho, ex- 
press yourself clearly; paAOCTb ce — 
Die no JiHuero my, his face betrayed 
an expression of joy; — ne n express- 
ing; expression; — s^ht* ppp expressed; 
uttered, worded; — SHJi'b app. 

H3p&CTBaMi> vn to grow up, out, ad- 
vance in growth; to spring up, sprout, 
shoot, vegetate (of plants); rofl e — 
naji-b MexcAy 6jiaropoAHM xopa, he 
was brought up among noble people; 
MycrauH My ca — uajiH, his mustaches 
have grown up; ctMCTO e — na- 
jio, the seed has shot up, sprouted; — 



HspeBasaM-b 



206 



HspoasaM-b ce 



He n growing up; springing up, sprout- 
ing (of plants); — Hajii. ppp grown 
up, brought up, bred (of persons); sprout- 
ed; — rbKT. m growth, excrescence 
foreign-body; carbuncle; spunk, knag (in 
trees), 

HapeedBaMi. vn to roar out (of a lion); 
to low, bellow, utter a low (of cattle); 
to cry out, utter a cry (of children); to 
thunder out, yell out; Ton-bTb — b&, 
the cannon roared out or thundered; 
rpyfiiiH-bT-b —bA crpauiHO, the ruffian 
yelled out terribly; — saji-b ppp. 

Hsp^AeH-b a dressed, set off, trimmed. 

HspeAsiBaM-b, — p^iKAaM-b va to alter- 
nate, do by turns; to serve all alike; — 
ce vpr to take one's turn; to be served 
in turns; scHqioi ce — AiixMe, we all 
took our turns; —He « alternating; al- 
ternation; — pcA^H-b ppp served in turn; 
manipulated in turn or alternation. 

HspeK^ V H3pH^aM-b. 

HapeHAdcBaMi. va to plane, plane all, 
finish planing; — ce vpr to be planed; 
— He n planing; — can-b ppp planed; 
all planed. 

B3p£cBaM-b vn to grow a catkin or cat's- 
tail (of corn, etc); — ne n growing a 
catkin; — ciiJi'b ppp having a catkin or 
cat's-tall. 

Hspeq^HHC n sentence (gram); phrase; 
saying, maxim; apothegm; kjuco — , 
short sentence or proposition; — no—, 
sentence by sentence; MAiqpo — , wise 
saying or maxim. 

Hsp^qeu'b ppp uttered, spoken out, pro- 
nounced. 

HspHBaM-b va to dig out, dig up, unroot; 
to exhume (a dead body); — ce vpr to 
be dug out, up; — ne n digging out, up; 
— CHT, ppp dug out; exhumed; — pmat, 
op/f. 

HspHrBaM'b, — HysaMi va vn to vomit, 
throw up, vomit forth, belch forth, cast 
up; to eruct, eructate; BesysHlt — sa 
Jiaaa, Vesuvius is throwing up or belch- 
ing forth lava; — aa xyjiH, he pours 
forth blasphemies; — ce vpr to belch 
forth, throw up, retch (o/ the stomach); 
— He n vomiting, throwing up, belch- 
ing forth, eructating; eructation (of vol- 
canoes); — Har-b ppp vomited, eructated, 
thrown up. 

Ji3pHHBaMi> va to shovel off, out (of 
snow, etc); to rake or clean out with 



a shovel; to cast out, throw out, eject 
(f^S)> "~ ce vpr to be shovelled out, 
off; —He n shovelling out, off; — hbti. 
ppp shovelled out, off; cast out. 
HspacyBaMi. va to draw out, paint out; 
to describe, portray, depict; wejiati Aa 
Me —re, I want to have my picture 
drawn by you; KapTHuara Ghac — na 
cb <S;ia>KHH 6oH, the portrait was 
painted or done in oil; noeT'bT'b hh e 

IKHBO — Jl-b eAHH-b MHSepeH'b IKHBOT'b, 

the poet has vividly described to us 
a life of misery; — hc n drawing, paint- 
ing; — H-b ppp drawn, painted, done (in 
oil); portray^. 

■spiiqaMi. va to pronounce, utter, speak 
out, say out, articulate, express; toM ne 
MOKe Aa — qa GyKBara (p), he can't 
pronounce the letter (r); — peM^xe ro 
HCHO, pronounce it distinctly; — ce vpr 
to be pronounced, uttered, spoken out; — 
He n pronouncing, uttering; pronunciation, 
articulation; — p^hcht. ppp v H3pe- 
qen-b. 

H3piiqeH-b a express, definite distinct, 
plain, direct, particular (purpose); — ho 
ad — ly; — ho My e Kasano, he has been 
plainly told; —ho aa Hero, expressly 
for him. 

H3pd8BaM-b va to dig out, dig up, grub 
out; to disinter, exhume; to dig all 
over, cover with holes; rtpne Cb cra- 
PH MOHeTH 6HAe — BCHO, a pot filled 
with old coins was dug out; — ce vpr 
to be dug out, dug up, unearthed, dis- 
interred; to be dug all over, be cov- 
ered with holes; to crumble; — ne n 
digging out, up, grubbing out, disinter- 
ring, exhuming; excavation; — bcht. ppp 
dug out, grubbed out, unearthed; crumb- 
ling, dilapidated (wall, house, etc). 

Hspoa.-b'^m hybrid, mongrel; degenerate; 
scum (of society). 

H3poA^H-b a degenerate, debased, deteri- 
orated; — HOCTb/ degeneracy, degener- 
ateness. 

H3pOAHBaM-b V HSpa^KAaM'b. 

H3p6HBaM-b va to shell, pick (grain, etc); 
to cause to crumble; to shed (tears); — 
ce vpr to be shelled, picked; to shell, 
fall; to crumble (of wall, etc); —He n 
shelling, picking; crumbling;— HeHT> ppp 
shelled, picked (of grain); crumbled, 
crumbling. 

HspoaBaM'b ce vpr to swarm; —He n 



HspyiBaiM'b 



207 



HSCKyCBaMi* 



swarming; swarm; — 6ht. ppp swarmed. 

H3py4BaM-b V HaeHCAaMii. 

Hsp-bWA^CBEM-b vn to get rusty, be cov- 
ered with rust; — hc n rusting; — caji-b 
ppp covered with rust, all rusty. 

M3p43BaM-b (->Ka) va to cut, cut out, 
cut off; to cut up; to carve, carve out; 
to prune, trim; to thin out; to engrave; 
— qy>K40 Ttjio, to cut out or remove 
the foreign-body {med); cT-bJinoBCT-b 
CA. — aauH OTi. rpaHHTb, the columns 
are cut out of granite; — at^re KpaH- 
luara, cut out the corners (of a table, 
etc); — Ht^TC CH HorreT-fe, trim your 
finger-nails; — ce vpr to be cut out, 
off, carved out; to be hewn out; to be 
engraved; — He n cutting out, hewing 
out, carving out; engraving; — Bdq-b m 
cutter, cutter out; trimmer; carver; — 
saH-b ppp cut out, hewn out, carved 
out; engraved; trimmed. 

HsptcsaiM-b (-uia) va to comb; — ce vpr 
to comb oneself; to be combed; — hc n 
combing; — caHi. ppp combed, 

Hap^ACH-b a excellent (wine), fine (man), 
exquisite, splendid (opportunity); —ho 
ad — ly; rOBa e —ho, that is excellent, 
fine! 

H3pA.6BaM-b va to seam, border, hem 
(napkins, etc;, finish seaming, hemming, 
bordering; to cut out, trim. 

H3c6»AaMi> va to plant, plant all, finish 
planting. 

H3CBHpBaM'b va to play, render, execute; 
to blow (a whistle); vn to pipe, whistle, 
to hiss, whiz {of a ballet), blow out, 
send forth a shrill sound; to strike, ad- 
minister (a blow); xofl — pH Mapiu-bT-b 
np-feKpacHO, he played, rendered or exe- 
cuted the march splendidly; — pH .mn 
HHCKyH-bTT., has the whistle-blown? 
KypuiyM-bT-b — pH ma.^ uacb, the 
bullet passed whizzing over us; — ce 
vpr to be played, rendered, executed; 
to be whistled, piped; — pn ce ox-b Ht- 
KAfl-fe, a whistling was heard; —He n 
playing, rendering; execution; whist- 
ling, piping, blowing (of a whistle); 
whizzing, whiz {of a bullet); — pen-b 
ppp played, rendered; piped, whistled, 
blown. 

Hsc^KsaM'b, — HyBaMi> (-Ha) va to blow 
(the nose), snuff (a candle); — ce vpr 
to blow one's nose; to be blown, snuffed; 



—He n blowing, snuffing; — narb ppp 
blown, snuffed. 

H3c6jiBaM-b va to transplant, cause to 
emigrate, move;*— cevpr to emigrate, 
settle in another place; to be trans- 
planted, taken to another country; —He 
n transplanting; emigrating; emigration; 
— jiCHT. ppp transplanted, taken to an- 
other country; depopulated. 

H3CHnaH-b a ruptured, having a hernia 
{med); — Hocrb / hernia, rupture. 

H3CHnBaM'b va to pour out, strew out; 
to spill out; to empty; — n^re cynara, 
pour out the soup; — naxa bchmkoto 
BHHO Ha scMtiTa, they spilled all the 
wine on the ground; — ce vpr to be 
poured out; to be spilt; to be or get 
ruptured, get a hernia {med)\ —He n 
pouring out; spilling; rupturing; rup- 
ture, hernia {med); — naHi> ppp poured 
out; spilled; ruptured; v H3CHnaH'b. 

H3CHqaM'b va to cut out; to cut off, up; 
to cut down, fell (trees); to lop; to hew 
out, carve out, pink (wood), engrave; — 
KjiOHOBeTt, to cut off the blanches; — 
ropa, to cut down a forest; — ott> 
A'bpBo, to cut out of wood; — ce vpr 
to be cut down, out, off; to be hewn 
out. carved out; —He n cutting down 
(a tree), cutting off, lopping (of branch- 
es), cutting out, carving, pinking 
(figures on wood, etc); — ctK-bJit app; 
— ctien-b ppp cut down, off, out; hewn 
out, carved out. 

H3CKiqaM-b vn to spring up, forth, jump 
off. out, fly off, leap out; to be de- 
railed; to sprain (one's ankle); to come 
off, fall off; xpeH-bTT. — ckomh ox-b 
pe;iCHxt, the train jumped off the rails, 
ran off the rails; quBHaxa Hd KOJieJio- 
xo — ck6mh, the pin of the wheel came 
off, flew off; qHBHHxa My e — cko- 
qwjia, one of his wheels is off {pop); 
—He n springing up, forth, jumping off, 
out, flying off, running off; derailment 
(of a train); spraining, dislocation fof 
a limb); — cKiqem. a dislocated (limb); 
— CKowHJi'b app jumped off, flew off, 
come off, run off, derailed {of a train). 

H3CKy6BaM-b (-Ha) va to pluck, pluck out, 
off; to puU out, up, off, away; o snatch up, 
cut, away, from, force from; to grub up 
(weeds), tear out, down; to wrest from; to 
strike hard; — 66xe BcnqKHxt 6ypeHH, 
pull or grub all weeds out; — xa iwy ko- 



HscjiymBaM-b 



208 



H3CTpHrBaM1> 



caxa, they tore his hair all up; — xa 
My BCHiKHT'b napH, they fleeced him 
out of all his money; — ce vpr to be 
or get plucked {of fowls, etc), io be 
plucked off, out, pulled out, torn out, 
away, from; to be extorted {of money, 
etc); to get away from, pull away from, 
tear oneself away from; — nen pluck- 
ing off, out {of grass, etc), pulling out, 
off, away from, tearing up, out, away 
from; — 6aHi> ppp plucked {of a fowl). 
plucked out, off; torn out, pulled out or 
a wary from. 

HscnyHCBaM'b va to serve out, end, finish 
(a term of service); — xcHJi-b ch e Bp-b- 
Mero 3a neucMfl, he has served out, 
filled up his time for pension; — ce 
vpr to be served out; — hc h serving 
out, finishing, completing (one's time 
of service); — mccht. ppp served out, 
finished, completed; aa — xceuH poah- 
HHJfor years of service, for time served; 
— MCHJi'b app; a superannuated, emeritus 
(professor). 

HacjiyinaaM-b va to hear, hear out, listen 
to the end; ^luaflre Me ao Kpatt, hear 
me out, hear me to the end; — ce vpr 
to be heard, heard out, to the end, be 
given a hearing; p1>qbTa My ce — uia 
cb roji-bMo BHHMaHHe, his speech was 
listened to with great attention; —He n 
hearing, listening to, giving a hearing; 
— maH-b ppp heard, listened to, given 
a hearing.- 

Hscji'&ABaM'b va to investigate, search 
into, inquire into, look into, examine; 
to explore; to probe, prove, verify; to 
question; rasH pafiora me (5x.Ae — aa, 
that affair will be investigated, in- 
quired into, examined; hobht% crpaHH 
CM — HH, the new regions have been 
explored; — xa h btophh cBHA'bTejib, 
the second witness was also examined; 
— ce vpr to be investigated, searched 
into, inquired into, examined; bch<ikh- 
T'b <|)aKTH ce — xa, all of the facts 
were investigated or examined; —He, — 
HHe n investigating; investigation; exam- 
ination; inquiry; research; exploration; 
search (after truth), quest, inqusition; 
— Ban-b ppp investigated, inquired into, 
examined; explored; — AOB^re^b m in- 
vestigator, inquirer, searcher, examiner; 
explorer. 



H3CM'&pKBaM-b va to snuff up, empty, 
drain off (through the nostrils); — ce 
vpr io be snuffed up; —He n snuffing 
up; — Kan-b ppp snuffed up. 

HSCMyKBaMV va to suck out; to drain, 
exhaust; — Kaflre BcnqKHii coK-b, suck 
all of the juice out; — ce vpr to be 
sucked up, out; to be drained (out of 
one's money, etc); — ne n sucking out, 
up; draining; suction; — B&q-b m sucker; 
— KBH-b ppp sucked up, out, drained by 
suction; — K&Te;ieHi> a sucking, suc- 
tion (tube). 

HSCMtBaM-b ce vpr to laugh out, burst 
into laughter, burst laughing; BcnqKH 
My ce — xa, they all laughed at him, 
scoffed or jeered him; — xv My ce na 
yMa, I laughed at his idea, he made 
me laugh at him; — xa ce bhcoko, 
they burst into a loud laughter. 

Hscp'bA'b ad among, from amon^Umidst, 
from amidst. 

HSCTHHBaM'b vn to grow cold, become 
cold; to cool off; to catch cold; ocra- 
Bcre TO B-bHKa as — ne, leave it out 
to cool off; BCHqKH CMC — najiHt all 
of us have caught cold; qanr-b e — 
HBJi-b, the tea has grown cold; —He n 
growing, getting or becoming cold; cool- 
ing; catching cold; — Hajn> ppp grown 
cold, become cold; cooled off; caught 
cold, suffering with or from cold, — thh- 
Ka / cold; v nacTUHKa. 

HSCTilcKBaM-b va to squeeze out, press 
out; to ej^tract, mulctate; — rAi.6a, to 
squeeze out a sponge; — ce vpr to be 
squeezed out, pressed out; coK-brb ce 
— Ki, the juice was all squeezed out, 
extracted;— He « squeezing out, pressing 
out; — KSH-b ppp squeezed out, pressed 
out, extracted, mulctated. 

HSCTo^BaM-b vn to stay out, stay or 
stand out to the end; to serve out (one's 
term); — CTdttre ch ao Kpaff, stay out to 
the end; He Moroxa Aa — tt. na cry- 
A'fcT'b, they could not stand or endure the 
cold; —He « staying out; standing; 
completing (one's time of service, etc); 
— 6flT. ppp stayed out, remained to the 
end; endured. 

HscTpiirBaM-b va to cut, cut out ''the 
hair of all), clip, shear all; to finish 
cutting (the hair) or shearing; rjiaBHT* 
HMi> otxa — raHH ao Koxca^the hair 



H3CTp-fcj|BaH1> 



HSTerjiflM'b 



of their heads was cut down to the 
very scalp; — ce vpr to be cut {of 
hair), sheared {of sheep); to have one's 
hair cut; —He n cutting; shearing; — 
raHT> ppp cut, all cut; sheared, all 
sheared. 

HscTpi^iBaM-b va to tire out, fire off, use 
all up {of cartridges, etc); BcnqKHT-fe 
(})HuieuH 6hjih — ;iHHH, all cartridges 
had been fired out; — ce vpr to be 
fired out, shot off; — hc n firing off, 
shooting off; — AfiHi> ppp fired oft, shot 
off; all used up. 

HScryAflBaM'b va to chill, cool, cool off; 
to expose to the cold; to estrange, al- 
ienate; — ce vpr to cool, grow cold, 
grow cool, become cold; to catch cold; 
jiouio ce — AHXftie, we have caught a 
bad cold; — A^xa hh ce cbpAuara 
K'bM'b Hero, our hearts grew cold towards 
him, were estranged from him; — ne n 
cooling, chilling; chillness; exposure to 
the cold; estrangement, alienation (of 
affection); — a^h-b ppp cooled, cooled 
off, chilled; exposed to the cold; es- 
tranged. 

HscTiprBaM-b va to plane, plane out, turn 
(on a lathe); to scour, scrape off; to polish, 
smooth up or over; — ce vpr to be planed, 
turned; to be scoured, scraped; — 
He n planing, turning (on a lathe), pol- 
ishing; scraping, scouring (utensils); — 
raHT> ppp planed, polished; scraped, 
scoured. 

H3cyKBaM-b va to twist, twine, twist a 
certain quantity, finish twisting; to throw 
(silk); to untwist; — ce vpr to be twisted, 
twined; to be untwisted; to twist; to 
come off, come untwisted; — hc n twist- 
ing; throwing (silk); untwisting; — Kan-b, 
— hcht. ppp twisted; untwisted, come off. 

H3cyKBaM-b va to suck out; — ce vpr 
to be sucked out; —He n sucking out; 
—Kan-b ppp sucked out. 

HScyuidBaM-b va to dry, dry up, desiccate; 
to drain (a marsh); to season (timber,; 
— ce vpr to be dried; to be desiccated, 
drained, seasoned; to dry, get dry; to be 
consumed; to dry oneself (at the fire); 
—He n drying; draining, drainage; sea- 
soning; exsiccation; — iu^ht. ppp h a dried 
(leaves), drained (land), seasoned (tim- 
ber), parched, fire-fanged; dry (clothes). 

Hsc-bCHqaM-b V cbCHHaM-b; — cbqen'b ppp. 



H3C'&x(Hy)BaM-b vn to dry, dry up, become 
dry, get dry; to wither, wither away, 
fade away {of flowers); to be palsied; 
to become emaciated; e3HK-bT-b mh e 
— Haji-b sa BOAa,my tongue is parched 
for water; uB-fereHueTO e— najio, the 
little flower has withered away; 
—Ha Karo i;B-feTi>, he faded away like 
a flower; — ne n drying up, exsicca- 
tion; withering or fading away; ema- 
ciation (of the body); — najii. pp dried 
up, become dry; dry (clothes); withered, 
faded; emaciated, consumed. 

H3ceAiBaM-i> va vn to stay out, stay to 
the end, remain to the end (of one's 
service); —He n staying out, staying or 
remaining to the end; —ji%ai, ppp stayed 
out, stayed or remained to the end. 

H3ciKBaM-b v H3CHqaMi>; — Kaji-b app; 

— HCH-b ppp. 

H3ci>6HpaM-b (-6ep6) va to collect, gather, 
pick all. 

H3ci>6yx{AaM'b va to wake up, rouse all. 

Hsc'^AJiHM'b, — jifOBBM-b va to Saddle, get 
ready (a horse). 

H3TaA^cb ad from this place; thither. 

HSTdflaaM-b va to hush up, make (a per- 
son keep silence; — ce vpr to hush 
up, be hushed up, remain silent; — hc 
n hushing up; — en-b ppp hushed up, 
silent, quiet. 

HST^KaM-b va to draw out (fluids), tap 
(a barrel); to wire draw (gold, etc); to 
untwist, untwine; — ce vpr to be drawn 
out, tapped; to be wire-drawn; to be 
untwisted, come off, come untwisted 
(of a thread); —He n drawing out, tap- 
ping; untwisting; — rdqen-b ppp drawn 
out, tapped; wire-drawn; untwisted. 

HSTdlOBaRfb V H3TaflBaM-b. 

H3TerdpBaM-b va to stagger (on the ground); 
— ce vpr to stagger, fall down; to lie 
down. 

HST^rjiiiM'b, — jiroBaM-b va to draw up, 
out, pull up, out, stretch up, out; to drag 
out; to pull or box (one's ears); vn to 
suffer, go through a terrible experience; 
— jiHxa ph }khbh HS-b BOAara, they 
dragged or pulled them alive out of the 
water; —air^ Apyraa Kpalt MajiKO, 
pull out the other end a little; — ji^re 
CM esHKa, put out your tongue; — t^pjih 
ch T-bHKara ca6si, he pulled out, drew 
14 



210 



HSTOIBaM-b 



out, his slender sword; — jiHxa HM-b y- 
niHTt Ha BCHRKH, they all had their 
ears boxed or pulled; Aomo ch — jihx- 
Me, we fared very badly, we had a 
terrible experience; — ce vpr to be 
pulled, drawn, stretched, dragged out; 
to pull out, draw out; — hc n pulling, 
drawing out; dragging out; stretching 
out; enduring, going through; sad ex- 
perience; — flCH-b ppp pulled, drawn 
or drawn out; stretched out. 

HST^ruaTi* V HST-braH-b. 

iiSTes^BaM-b va to torture, rack, put on 
or to the rack; MHoro — tt. cnyrara 
CHt they work their servant very hard; 
— ce vpr to be tortured, racked, worked 
hard; — ^mc ce xaro po6H, we work 
as hard as slaves; — hc n torturing 
racking, working hard; torture, rack, 
torment; h HsreadHHe; — Bawbppp tor 
tured, racked, tormented; worked hard 

HSTea^rejib m torturer, racker, torment 
or; <— Jien-b a torturing, of torture; rack 
ing (pains). 

HST^K'bji'b ppp run out, flown out; a 
past (year); aa — jioto sptMe, for the 
time gone, passed or elapsed; np-fea-b 
— jiara roAHHa, in the past year. 

HST^jisa ce vpr to calve. 

HST^naaM'b va to full, mill, finish fulling 
(cloth); to belabo(u)r, kill (pop); — ce vpr 
to be fulled. 

HST^CBaiM'b va to hew out, cut out, square 
(stones, etc); — ce vpr to be hewn or 
cut out. 

H3TilKBaM-b va to push, shove, thrust, 
force, jostle out; to squeeze out; to 
displace, dislocate, dislodge (an enemy); 
— Kaxa Kojiara h3i> Kajibra, they 
pushed the wag(g)on out of the mud; 
— KaxMe ro biihi, we thrust him out, 
pushed him out; — ce vpr to be pushed 
or shoved out; to be dislodged; — 
He n pushing or shoving out; squeez- 
ing; — Kani* ppp pushed or shoved out; 
squeezed out. 

H3THMdpBaMl> V HaqHCTBaiTb. 

HSTHpaaH-b va to drive out; turn out; — 
ce vpr to be driven or turn out; — ne 
n driving or turning out; — pani. ppp 
driven or turned out. 

HSTiiqaM-b vn to run out; — xa ua yjin- 
uara, they ran out in the street. 

HST^qaMi* vn flow out, flow from, run 
out, issue from, rise from; to discharge 



itse'f (of a river); to leak out; to elapse, 
expire; ott» ta* — la rasH ptKa, 
where does this river take its rise from? 
— T^qe My Kp-bsbra h yiMp-fe, he bled 
to death and died; Bp-bMero GiipMe — 
T^qe, time flew away fast; cpo- 
K-bT-b e — K-bfl-b, the date is overdue; 
— ce vpr to flow out, run out, fly 
away, elapse; AyuaB-b ce — qa bt* 
MepHO JMope, Danube flows into (or 
discharges itself into) the Black Sea; 
rasH BOAa ce — ruqa, that is a run- 
ning water; —He n flowing out, run- 
ning out, flowing from, issuing, dis 
charging itself (of a river); issue; efflux- 
ion; elapse (of time), expiration (of a 
date); — x^K-bjib pp flown or run out; 
elapsed, expired, overdue {of a bill); a 
past, last (year). 

HSTJidcKBaM-b va to push, shove, thrust 
out, eject by force; — ce vpr to be 
pushed, shoved or thrust out, be forced 
out; to drift; —He n pushing, shoving 
or jostling out; drifting; — Kam. ppp 
pushed, shoved or thrust out, jostled out. 

HSTJitBaM-b vn to smoulder away, burn 
to ashes; to be consumed; to waste away; 
— He n smouldering {of fire); wasting 
away; — TJitJii. ppp smouldered or con- 
sumed away. 

HSTOB^pBaM'b va to unload. 

HSTOK'b m East, Orient; na — , towards 
east eastward, easterly; orb — , from the 
east; K-bM-b — , to the east, eastward; 
AajieqHH — , Far-East; 6jih3Kh — , Near 
East; OT-b — KbH-b sana^'b, from east 
to west. 

HSTdnBaM-b va to wet, wet through, soak, 
drench; to steep; to macerate (hemp); 
to melt out, melt down; — nH iwe bo- 
^a OTb THqanet running made me 
perspire or sweat; — thxt. ch KpaKara, 
I wet my feet; — ce vpr to be wet or 
wetted, soaked, steeped; to wet oneself; 
to be melted down; to melt out, melt 
down {of snow, etc); — ne wetting, 
soaking, steeping; macerating (hemp); 
maceration; melting; — hcht. ppp wet, 
wetted, soaked, steeped; macerated; a 
malted. 

H3T5njIH>BaM-b V CTOnJIiOBaMb. 

H3T5qBaM'b va to grind, turn (on a lathe), 
sharpen by grinding {of tools); to draw 
out, tap (liquors); to wire-draw (gold. 



2fl 



etc); to throw (silk); to untwist (a thread), 
— qHxa CH ca6HT-k aa 6ofl, they 
sharpened their swords for battle; 6paA- 
Bara hc e ;io6pt — qena, the axe is 
not well ground or sharpened; bchi- 
KOTO BHHO e — qeuo, all of the wine 
has been drawn out or tapped; — ce 
vpr to be ground, sharpened; to be 
drawn, tapped; to be thrown; to be wire- 
drawn; to untwist, come off, come 
untwisted; — hc n grinding, sharpening; 
drawing, tapping; throwing (silk), wire- 
drawing (gold, etc)\ untwisting; — qem. 
ppp ground; drawn, drawn out; tapped; 
untwisted; v HaraKaMi.. 

H3ToqeH-b a east, eastern, oriental; eas- 
terly (direction); — B^T-bp-b, east or 
easterly wind; — nara HMnepHsi, the 
Eastern Empire; — HHsx-b B-bnpocb, 
the Eastern Question; — na EiiJirapHti, 
Eastern Bulgaria; —Ha Hhahh, East- 
Indies; — Hara HepKsa, the Eastern 
Church; — HHT'b esHUH, the oriental 
languages. 

H3T6qHHK'b m source, spring, well; well- 
head, fountain-head; authority; — ua 
BCHMKO 6jiaro, a source of all bles- 
sing; OTT. AoG-bp-b — , upon a good 
authority; — uh Ha snaHne, sources of 
knowledge. 

H3Tp^BHHqe n, — seu-b m heath, sweet- 
heather {bot). 

H3Tp^BSIM'b V H3TpOBJIM-b. 

H3Tp6flBaM'b, — fOBaM-b vu to endure, 
hold out, bear, last out; to check or 
contain oneself; 6ojihhhti> hc me — e 
AO Kpan Ha Mtceua, the patient will 
not hold out till the end of this month; 
T* He me iworar-b 5a — «tt. CTy^a, 
they will not be able lo endure or bear 
the cold; — ce vpr to hold out, check 
or contain oneself; eABanfb ce — HXMe 
Aa ce He sacM'beM'b, we barely con- 
tained ourselves from laughing; —He 
n enduring, bearing, holding out; con- 
taining (oneself); — siJi-b app. 

ii3TpdKBaM-b va to knock, rap, give a 
rap; to begin to knock or rap; ntKoit 
— Ka Ha Bparara, some one knocked 
on the door, a rapping was heard on 
the door; AT»iKA'bT'b — Ka no noKpn- 
Ba, the rain began to rap upon the 
roof; —He n rapping, knocking; knock, 
rap, clatter. 

ii3TpaM6yaiBaM-b va to disembowel. 



HSTpAuiBaBrb va to beat, thrash, shake 
off, clean by beating; — ce vpr to be 
beaten, thrashed, shaken; to shake oneself 
(from dust, etc); — ne n shaking off, 
beating. 

i(3Tpe3HHBaM'i> vti to sober up, become 
sober, get sober again, come to one's 
senses; — hc n sobering up; — H-feji-b ppp 
sobered up, become sober, gotten sober; 
sober. 

H3TpemHBaM-b vn to crash, crackle, give 
a crash; to shout, cry aloud; — m6 ce, 
there came a crash; — ne n crashing, 
crackling; crash, crackle; — meJii* ppp 
crashed, crackled. 

HSTp^nBaMi. va to kill, beat to death; to 
work to death; to exterminate; — naxa 
rH OT-b 60ft, they beat them to death; 
— ce vpr to be beaten to death, killed, 
exterminated; to kill oneself (with work, 
etc); — naxMC ce m bh r-bpcHiw-b, we 
killed ourselves looking for you; —He 
« killing, beating to death; exterminat- 
ing; extermination; — nan-b ppp killed, 
destroyed, exterminated; fatigue-spent, 
completely exhausted. 

H3TpHBaM-b va to rub, rub up, out, off, 
wipe dry; to brush off (the blackboard); 
to scrach out, erase; to wear off, away 
(by using); to tear, fray, spoil (by rub- 
bing); to rub, massage (med); to polish, 
shine (knives, etc); to grind (by rub- 
bing); to saw up, finish sawing (wood, 
etc); — Are ch H03eTe, brush off, rub 
oif your feet; nHcanoTO e —to, some 
one has erased what has been written; 
— xa ro c-b cyxa K-bpna, they rubbed 
him up with a dry towel; — x-b ch 
cbJisHrb, I wiped off my tears, dried 
up my tears; Coara e — ra, the paint 
has come off, is worn out; ji^McHUHTt 
Aa —ere ct. npax-bjyou should polish 
the spoons with dust; — ce vpr to be 
rubbed, rubbed up, out, off, away; to be 
wiped up, away, wiped dry; to be pol- 
ished ; to be massaged; to be ground; 
to rub off, out, away; to wipe oneself, 
dry oneself, — xt. ce ct. KaM4)opa, I 
rubbed myseff up with camphor; re- 
6euiHpt>rb ce mhofo — sa, the chalk 
rubs off or comes off easily; — ne n 
rubbing, rubbing off, out, away; wip- 
ing off, out, wiping dry; polishing; 
brushing, brushing off; erasing; grind- 



■STpoBBairb 



212 



■ST'bKBaM'b 



ing; wearing out; —em,, — n. ppp 
rubbed, rubbed out, off, away; wiped off, 
out; worn out (floor); polished; ground; 
massaged, given a massage (med). 

■3Tp6BBaMi> va to poison up, poison all; 
to damage by letting cattle browse; — 
ce vpr to be poisoned; to poison one- 
self; to be damaged by browsing cattle; 
—He n poisoning; damaging by letting 
cattle browse; — sea-b ppp poisoned, 
all poisoned; damaged by browising 
cattle. 

HSTpdnsaM-b vn to knock, rap, give a 
knock or a tap; to stamp; to appear, 
make one's appearance; bchikh — xa 
cb KpaKara, all of them stamped their 
feet opon the ground; — na ce aa spa- 
rara, some one knocked or rapped on 
the door, a knocking or rapping was 
heard on the door; BoiHHUH — xa na 
yjiHuara, a tramping of solder's feet 
was heard in the street; — uen knock- 
ing, rapping; stamping (of feet, etc); 
tramping; knock, rap; — najii* pp. 

H3CTpdmBaMi> va to break, break up, 
break in pieces, smash, dash to pieces; 
to batter; — mHxa BCHqKHT'fc npoaop- 
UH, they broke all the windows; — ce 
vpr to be broken, broken up in small 
pieces; to break in little pieces; — ae n 
breaking, breaking ail up, breaking in 
small pieces; smashing (a door, etc); — 
uitn-hppp broken up, all broken, smashed, 
battered. 

H3Tp'&r(Hy)BaM-i> va to pluck, tear out, 
down, pull away, out, off; to force from, 
away from, out of; to snatch from; to 
wrest, grub up; to tmroot, uproot (a 
tree); to wring (tears), extort (money); 
— ce vpr to be plucked, torn out, 
down, pulled out, snatched or wrested 
from; to be wrung from; to tear away, 
break forth, burst from, away, out, get 
away; eABaMi> ce — aax-b h3t. p*- 
uerfc HMT., I barely got away from 
them; hh aymb ae ce — aa on, aero, 
not a word could be squeezed out of 
him; — ae n pulling away, off, pluck- 
ing, tearing out, away, off; wresting, 
wringing; extorting; extortion (of mon- 
ey, etc); — aar-b ppp pulled, plucked 
(of hair, etc); wrested, snatched, torn 
away, off; extorted. 

H3Tpin(ay)BaMi» vn to grow numb, torpid; 
to be or grow, benumbed; to shudder, get 



the cold fit; to go to sleep (of the leg); 
aorara mm — aa, my leg has become 
stiff, benumbed, has gone to sleep; — ' 
aa OT1, crpaxi,, he shuddered with 
fear, was startled with fear; — ae n 
numbness, torpo(u/, torpidity, torpitude; 
stupo(u)r; — aa;ii, pp grown numb, l)e- 
numbed, torpid, stiff (of the leg, etc). 

HSTpicBBM-b V HST-bpCBaM-b. 

asTp-imKBaM-b va to throw down, hurl 
on the ground; — ce vpr to be thrown 
down, hurled on the ground; to lie down 
(of cattle); to lounge; — ae n throwing 
down. 

aarptCBaMi, va to pick Crice, etc), clean 
out; to do away with, kill, destroy, ex- 
terminate; to eat up, gulp up (pop); Ma- 
aiHHara roxce — aa opasa, the ma- 
chine does the picking of the rice also; 
BijiKiTi, e — Cea-b bi, AarjiHn, the 
wolf has been exterminated in England; 

— ce vpr to be picked, cleaned; to be 
exterminated; — ae n picking; exter- 
minating; extermination, — Ceai, ppp 
picked; exterminated; —CATeaeH-h a 
exterminating, destructive, of extermi- 
nation; — (SifTejib m exterminator; de- 
stroyer; — fl^aae n extermination. 

HSTptul^BaMl, V H3Tpem9BaM1,. 

asT^pBaMi, V a3CHnBaM-b. 
H3TypqBaMi> va to convert to Moham- 
medanism. 
H3T-bKdBaM-b va to weave; to fabricate; 

— ce vpr to be woven; — ae n weav- 
ing; — Tiqeai, ppp woven. 

H3Ti,KMABaM'b va to even up, make even, 
settle (an account); to adjust, make up 
for (a loss); to prepare, get ready; — • 
MHXMe CH CMtTKHrfe, we settled up 
our accounts; — ce vpr to be evened 
up, settled up; to be adjusted, made up 
for, — ae n evening up, settling up; 
adjusting, making up for; adjystment, 
settlement, equalisation (-zation); — m^a-b 
ppp evened up, settled up; adjusted. 

H3T-&KBaMi, va to point, point out, al- 
lude to, bring attention to; rOBopa- 
TCJibT-b — aa (})aKTa qe, the speaker 
pointed out the fact that; — ce vpr to 
be pointed out; rptCaa na ce — ae 
sicao, it should be clearly pointed out; 
— ae n pointing out, drawing attention 
to; — aarb ppp pointed out, drawn 
attention to. 



HarbJiKysaM-b 



213 



HST'breaM'b 



H3T'b;iKyBaMi> va to interpret; to expound, 
explain; to make out; HaiUHri Ay- 
MH ciK. KpHBO — HH, our words are 
misconstrued; — ce vpr to be inter- 
preted; —He n interpreting; —hi. ppp 
interpreted; expounded, explained; — 
BiTCJib m interpretator, commentator, 
expounder. 

H3Ti>HqdBaM-b va to thin out, make thin, 
thinner or fine; to attenuate; to ef- 
teminate; vn to grow or become thin; 
MHoro ere ro — qHJiH, you have made 
it too thin or slender; cranajii* e mho- 
ro — qeni., he has become very polished 
— q^xT. OTT. MHoro yqenci ex- 
cessive studying made me thin; — ce 
vpr to be thinned out, made thin, sharp 
or slender; to become polished, effemi- 
nate; — He n thinning out, making thin 
or thinner; polishing, effeminating. 

HST'bHqeH'b a polished, refined; effemi- 
nate; qoBtK'b cb — qeHH MaHHepHt a 
man of refined manners; — HOCTb / 
polish, refinement; effeminacy. 

HST'bH^BaM'b vn to grow thin or thin- 
ner; to grow fine, slender; —He n grow- 
ing thin, fine, slender; diminishing; — 
H-kn-h ppp grown thin or thinner. 

H3T-bnKBaM-b va to tread out (grapes), 
tread down or walk upon, trample un- 
der foot; to press, crush; to rub down 
(with the feet); to beat down a road); 
TptBara e mhopo — na, the grass is 
badly crushed; — Kaxa rposAero, the 
grapes is all pressed; KOHere mtxa Aa 
HH — KaTb, the horses were going to 
trample us under their feet; — ce vpr 
to be treaded out, down, walked upon, 
trampled upon; to be pressed; — ne n 
treading; beating down (a road); — Kau-b 
ppp trodden down, trampled upon; 
pressed; beaten down; a beaten (road). 

H3T-bp6ymBaM-b va to draw out, disem- 
bowel, eviscerate; — ce vpr to be disem- 
bowelled; —He n disembowelling; evis- 
ceration; — uiea-b ppp eviscerated, dis- 
embowelled. 

H3T-bpBdBaM'b va to drop, let fall, let 
drop, let go; to let slip; — b^xt. ch p*.- 
KHBHuara na seMstra, I dropped my 
glove on the ground; — adxMe xy6a- 
BHH cJiyqaH, we let a fine opportunity 
slip away from us; — ce vpr to be 
dropped, let fall, let slip; saTsopHH- 
K-bT-b ce — Ba H3"h p^mtri hmt., the 



prisoner got away from their hands; — 
He n dropping, letting fall; letting slip; 
losing (an opportunity); — Bin-b ppp 
dropped (on the floor), let fall; slipped, 
lost (chance); a stray (animal). 

H3CTi>pKd;iBaM-b va to roll over, roll out, 
turn over; to wallow (in mud); to throw 
over (in wrestling); — ce vpr to roll 
over, turn over; to wallow; to be rolled 
over; — ne n rolling over (a stone), 
turning over; — K6;ieHi> ppp rolled over, 
turned over; — K6JiH;i-b app. 

H3T'&pKBaM-b va to rub, rub down; to rub 
off, polish, shine; to smooth over or up; 
to wear by friction; — ct. canyn-b, to 
rub down with soap; — Jix.AtHu,H, to 
polish spoons; — ce vpr to be rubbed 
down, off; to be polished, shlned; to 
wear off, be worn out; 6oHTa ce — sa, 
the paint comes off; — Kax-b ce ci 
qHcra K-bpna, I dry-rubbed myself 
with a clean towel; Mceji-b30T0 ceo-bp^ 
Mce — Ba, the iron is easily rubbed off 
(by friction); — ne n rubbing, rubbing 
down, rubbing off; polishing; friction; 
— Kan-b ppp rubbed, rubbed down, 
rubbed oft; polished; used up {of soap), 
blotted out; a worn out (garment). 

H3Ti>pn£BaM-b va to endure, bear, stand; 
to suffer; to undergo, go through; He 
MO)Ke — HH GojiKHT-b OTT> onepauHH- 
ra, he can't bear or endure the pains 
caused by the operation; ne Morarit 
Aa — nan. SHMara, they can't survive 
through the winter; — ce vpr to be 
endured, borne; M^qno me ce — nn 
cryA'bTb, the cold will be hard to bear; 
—He n bearing, enduring, standing; — 
n-bjii. app endured, borne, stood against. 

HST-bpcBaiw-b va to shake, shake out, shake 
off; to let fall by shaking; to beat, clean 
by shaking; to drop, let slip (a word); 
— cire najiTOTO ch, shake your coat; 
KOHbTi. ro — CH, the horse hurled 
him on the ground; — ce vpr to be 
shaken, shaken off. out; to be ruptured, 
get hernia (med); to appear sud- 
denly; to be dropped; to fall off, crumble 
{of a wall, etc): to be let slip; — ne n 
shaking off, out; — cem.ppp shaken off, 
out; ruptured {med). 

HST-bTpyBaiHT, va to drag up, out, off; 
to pull up, off, out; V H3T^rjiiOBaM'b. 

H3TirBaM'b va to stretch out; — mnsi, 



HSTx.A'bBa 



214 



H3XBl>pjI(IIM1> 



to pull out one's neck; — ce vpr to 
stretch out, stretch oneself out; to be 
stretched out; to lounge, be idle; caMO 
ce — ra, he does nothing but lounge 
or dawdle; — hc n stretching, out; 
pulling out; dawdling; idlenness, indo- 
lence; — T^rnaTT. ppp stretched out; 
prostrate. 

H3T;iiAtBa ad here, in this part of the 
country; thither. 

■syBaM-b va to take off, pull off (one's 
shoes, etc); — Hre ch qopanHT-ki take off 
your stockings; — ce vpr to take or pull 
off one's shoes, etc; to be taken or pulled 
off; to come off; jiccho ce — tt., 
they come off easily {of shoes); — He n 
taking or pulling off; — em., — T-b ppp 
taken off, pulled off; with one's shoes 
or stockings off; barefooted. 

HSyMMpaM'b V HSMMpaMTb. 

HsyMHTejieB-b a astounding, amazing, 
stupendous; —ho ad astoundingly, mar- 
vellously; — HOCTb / amazedness. 

HsyM^BaM-b va to astonish, amaze, stun, 
surprise, (-prize), strike with amazement, 
fill with astonishment; tobb — sa bc^ko- 
ro, that astonishes or amazes every one; 
— ce vpr to be astonished, amazed; to 
wonder; — ne n astonishing, amazing, 
bewildering; astonishment, amazement, 
wonder; stupefaction; h HsyMJi^HHc; — 
M^H-b a astonished, bewildered, stu- 
pefied, stunned; — iwiiji-b app. 

HsycTb ad by heart; HayqaBaM-b — , to 
learn by heart, commit to memory; — 
Tern, a oral, verbal. 

HsyqBaiwb, — q^BaMi* va to study, learn, 
master, acquire by study; to learn thor- 
oughly; to educate, teach,tutor(a person); 
to investigate, inquire into (a matter); ce- 
ra — Me ypaBHCHHsiTa, now we are stu- 
dying the equations; — mhxtc jih cm ypo- 
Ka, have you learned your lesson? toH 
ro e — MHji-b Ha rosa, he has taught 
him to do this; xySaao e — mbjit. aa- 
Hanra, he has mastered the trade well; 
me — HMMi) B-bnpoca, we shall inves- 
tigate the question; — ce vpr to be 
studied, acquired by study; to be mas- 
tered; to be educated; xyKa ce — tt. 
esHUHTt cb ycntx-b, here the lan- 
guages may be acquired with success; 
BCHqKHTt My Atua ce — MHxa, all of 
his children had their education; — ne n 



studying, acquiring, mastering, learning; 
study (of the sciences etc); acquirement, 
mastery, acquisition; education; — qeni* 
ppp learned, mastered, acquired; edu- 
cated, given an education; taught. 

Hsyn v HsyaaM-b. 

H3(t)Hp^CBaM'b vn to evaporate; to disap- 
pear, abscond (pop). 

H3x^6BaM-b va to spoil, waste (cloth, etc); 
to dull, blunt (a knife etc); —6Hxt, ch 
SApaaeTO, I ruined my health; — 6hx- 
re TOJiKOBa xapTHs, you spoiled so 
much paper! — ce vpr to be spoiled, 
wasted; to be dulled, blunted; to spoil; 
to get dull, blunted; HoiK-br-b ce — 6h, 
the knife has become dull; — ne n spoil- 
ing, wasting; ruining; — 6eH-b ppp 
wasted, spoiled, ruined; grown dull, 
blunted, dull (knife); used up, worn out 
(person). 

H3xafljiH3BaM-b ce vpr to grow or become 
lazy. 

HSx^HBaM-b va to bite all over; to sting 
all over; — naH"b or-b nqeJiHtt, stung 
all over by the bees. 

H3xapH3BaM-b va to give away (all). 

M3XdpqBaM-b va to spend up; to use up 
all, run short of; — qnxMe ch napHTt, 
we spent all of our money; BcnqKHT-b 
KHHrH ex. — qeHH, all of the books 
are out or sold; — ce vpr to be spent; 
to be used up; to be sold; —He n spend- 
ing; using up; selling out; — qeHT> ppp 
spent; sold; used up; out of print {of 
a book). 

H3XBduiaMi> va to catch, seize, capture 
(all); — ce vpr to be caught, captured, 
seized; — ne n catching, capturing; 
capture. 

H3XB-bpK(Hy)BaM'b vn to fly up, out, off, 
away; to escape; hckph — tt, h3t. yc- 
Tara My, sparks are flying up from his 
mouth, he is belching fire; nrnqKara 
e — najia, the bird has flown out (of 
its cage); — najia My e qHSHtiTa, one 
of his wheels is off {pop); — ne n flying 
up, off, out, away; escaping; flight; 
— naji-b pp flown up, off, out, away; 
escaped. 

H3XB-bpji{iM'b va to throw out, off, away, 
cast out, off, away; to eject; to 
shove off, away; to vomit; to reject, 
leave out (one's name, etc); — JiHxa ro 
H3'b Bparara, they threw or ejected 
him out of the door; — jien-b Ghjii, na 



HaxjiacKBaMi. 



215 



H3ut;iiiBaM-b 



6ptra, he had been cast ashore; — 
jiHxa ro OTT> KopaGa, they threw him 
overboard; BesysHfl — Jia Jiasa, Vesuvi- 
us is shooting forth lava; smhht^ ch 
— Ti Kox(aTa,the snalces cast off their 
skins; — ce vpr to be thrown out, 
off, away, cast out, off, away; to be 
rejected, left out; —He n throwing, 
castiag; ejecting; ejection; rejecting; 
rejection; — jieni. ppp thrown or cast 
out, off, away; ejected; abandoned; re- 
jected; — jieHH ApexH,cast away cloth- 
ing, 

H3XJI^CKBaM-b V HSTJiaCKBaM-b. 

HaxjiiaBaM-b va to slip, drop, let drop, 
let slip; — ce vpr to slip; to slide; — 
Ha ce H3i> pAU-feT^ MH, it slipped out 
of my hands; —He n slipping; escape; 
— HaTT> ppp slipped, dropped. 

H3XOAaTdticTByBaM-b va to obtain, pro- 
cure, work out; — xa My npouiKa, they 
obtained him pardon; — ce vpr to be 
obtained, procured; — Ba iwy ce cth- 
neHAHH, a scholarship was obtained for 
him; — ne n obtaining, procuring; ob- 
tainment; -hi. ppp 

HsxdABaM'b va to go over, traverse, walk, 
travel over, cover (a distance); —ajua-h 
e utAHH CBtT-b, he has been all over 
the world; — ce vpr to be gone over, 
traversed; to be covered; — sa ce bt> 
nerb MHuyxH, it can be gone over, 
traversed or covered, in five minutes; 
—He n traversing, going over, covering, 
walking; — Aem. ppp traversed; — 
Aeui-b pres p starting, issuing from; a 
outgoing, forth -going (papers). 

H3XOAi> m outlet, passage out, exit; way 
out, egress; outgoing, issue; result, end, 
outcome; Exodus (Bible); KivimaTa Hiwa 
H-feKojiKo — Aa, the building has several 
passages out; npn to3H — na pa6o- 
THTt, at this turn of affairs; — acht. a 
starting ''point), of departure. 

H3x6»AaM-b vn to go out, come out; to 
rise {of the sun/, to arise; ott. At — Aa 
Tosa noA03peHHe, where lies the cause 
of this suspicion? TOfl — Aa ott. Apy- 
ra TOiKa 3peHHe, he looks at the mat- 
ter from another point of view; — ne n 
going out, rising (of the sun); issue. 

H3x5KBaM-b va to scold, reprimand, call 
down. 

H3xp6KBaMTb (-qa) vo to spit out, hawk 
up; — ce vpr to be spit out. 



H3xpdHBaM-b va to bring up, rear, edu- 
cate; to feed, fatten (a pig, etc); to use 
up; feed through, keep alive by feeding; 
— iiHAH ro OT-b A*Te, they had brought 
him up from a child; — ce vpr to 
be reared, brought up; to be fed, 
through; to be fed, fattened; — ne n 
rearing, bringing up; feeding through; 
fattening; — nen-b ppp reared, brought 
up, bred; fed through, fattened; well-fed. 

H3U<inBaM'b va to soil, dirty, stain, daub, 
besmear; — nax-b ch p^icbrt, I dirtied 
my hands; — naxre KaprHHara, you 
soiled or blotted out the picture; — ce 
vpr to be soiled, dirtied, stained, 
daubed; to dirty or soil oneself; to get 
soiled, dirty; —He n soiling, dirtying; 
blotting out; — nan-b ppp soiled, dir- 
tied, stained; bedaubed, besmeared; 
dirty. 

H3UBHJiBaM-b vn to neigh, begin to neigh. 

HsuifuBaM'b va to suck out, draw in; — 
ce vpr to be sucked out; — ne n suck- 
ing out; — uaHT. ppp sucked out, all 
sucked. 

H3uyKBaM'b va to drink up, drain (a 
glass, popj. 

H3u-bpKBaMi> va to squirt out; to squeeze 
out; — ce vpr to be squirted out; 
—He n squirting out; — H-b ppp squirt- 
ed out, all ejected by squirting. 

H3u4ABaM-b, — u'feJKAaM'b va to drain 
out, squeeze out (a lemon, etc); to filter 
out; to press out; to wring (clothes);— ce 
vpr to be drained, squeezed out; to fil- 
ter, be filtered;— He n pressing or squeez- 
ing out; filtering; — acht. ppp squeezed 
out, ail squeezed; filtered; wrung; 
drunk to the last drop (pop); — A-bK-b m 
dregs, grounds, sediment, last drops. 

M3u-kjio ad wholly, all in gross, by the 
gross, by wholesale; Bseiwaiwb — , to 
take or consider on the whole; npo- 
AasaM-b — , to sell by the whole, 

H3u-bayBaM-b va to kiss to one's fill,, 
cover with kisses. 

HsutJiMBanfb, — pHBaiMii va to cure, 
heal; — ce vpr to be cured, healed; to 
cure oneself; to recover (from an 11- 
ness); ctB-bpuieHO ce e — pHJii. ott» 
peBMaTH3Ma, he has completely cured 
himself of rheumatism; — ne n curing, 
healing; cure; — Ji^nne n cure, recov- 
ery; — ji^HT., — utpen-b ppp cured. 



■3<iaAHe 



AaiyKsaM-b 



healed; — phmi> a curable. 

■aq^AHe n offspring, progeny (yw/;. 

HsqeBipKBaiM-b va to pick out, get out 
by picking; to put out (one's eyes). 

H3>i^3(Hy)BaM'b va to vanish, disappear, 
vanish away, out of sight; to pass away; 
to get out of the way; — na BejiHKa- 
HitTi*, the giant has vanished, is no 
more; 6paT-b my e— Ha;i-b BueaanHO, 
his brother has suddenly dissappeared; 
—He n dissappearance, vanishing, pass- 
ing away; — uaji-b ppp vanished away, 
disappeared; absconded (pop). 

Hsq^psaM-b va to redden, make red; to 
roast, make crisp; — bbxhc eAHO arne, 
we ^roasted a lamb; — ce vpr to 
redden, get red, become red; to blush; 
— BH ce OTi> cpaMi>, he blushed with 
shame; — hc n reddening; blushing; red- 
ness; —BiH'b ppp reddened, red; flushed, 
blushing (with shame, etc). 

Haq^pHsiM-b va to black, blacken, make 
black; — ce vpr to grow or turn black, 
get black; to blacken oneself, soil or 
dirty oneself; to be blackened; — HHxa 
HH ce pAuert oti> 6o{iTa, our hands 
became blackened with the paint; —He 
n blacking, blackening; soiling; — hchi. 
ppp blackened; soiled, tarnished. 

Hsq^pnaaM-b va to bale out, scoop, ladle, 
lade out; to drain off, empty; to ex- 
haust; — n^TC BCHHKaTa aoAa, bale 
out all the water; nptAMera Chac — 
nan-b, the subject was exhausted; khh- 
rara e —nana, the book is all sold or 
out of print; — ce vpr to be baled out, 
drawn; to be exhausted; — naxa hh ce 
cpeACTBara, our resources were all ex- 
hausted; —He n baling out, drawing; 
draining (one's strength, etc), exhaust- 
ing; exhaustion; — nau-b ppp baled out, 
drawn; drained, exhausted; all sold, out 
of print (of a book). 

Hsqepr^saM'b va to draw, sketch, make 
a plan; to finish drawing. 

Hsq^CBaM-b va to comb up, finish comb- 
ing; to card (wool); to hit, give a blow 
(pop); — caflre ch Kocara, comb up your 
hair; — ce vpr to be combed; to be 
carded; to comb oneself; BCHMKara a-bji- 
na ce — ca, all of the wool is combed 
or carded; — ne n combing; carding, 
hackling; — caHi> ppp combed; carded; 
hit (pop). 

HSqHCJi^HHe n calculation, computation, 



recknoning, supputation, estimate; enu- 
meration; calculus; s-bpno — , exact 
calculation; cpeAHO — , rough estimate 
or calculation; n.iiocKO — , dead reckon- 
ing; AH(|)epeHUHajiHo — , differential 
calculus; cnopeA'b neroBo — , accord- 
ing to his calculation or reckoning. 

HsqHcn^BaM-b va to calculate, reckon, 
compute, suppute, cast up (an account); 
to estimate; to enumerate; — npafijiH- 
SHTejiHO, to calculate appoximately; — 
AHXMe pasHOCKHTt, we reckoned up 
the expenses; napHxt My ue Morari* 
Aa ce — Tb, his money has no count; 
3ary0HT-b ne Morari. Aa ce — tt., the 
losses cannot be calculated; —He n 
calculating, reckoning, computating; cal- 
culation, computation; estimate; v h3- 
qncjieHHe; —ji^ht. ppp calculated, com- 
puted, estimated, reckoned. 

HsiHCTBaM-b va to clean, clean out, 
cleanse; to empty (one's bowels); — 
najiTO, to clean a coat; — craji, to 
clean or do a room; — Kauan-bt to 
dredge a canal; — 3«.6HT'fc ch, to clean 
or pick one's teeth; — pnSa, to scale 
a fish; — THXMe A'tJiroBext ch, we 
settled up all our debts; — ce vpr to 
be cleaned; to be cleansed; to be put in 
order; to clean onese.f; to have one's 
bowels move; to get away from, move 
from (pop); ofiyuiara hh rp'feSBa Aa ce 
— rar-b, our shoes should be cleaned; — 
He n cleaning, cleaning out; cleansing 
(water, etc); doing (a room); — tcht. 
ppp cleaned; cleansed; brushed (of a 
coat). 

HsquTaM-b va to read through or to the 
end, finish reading (a book); — q^TOxa 
JiH KHHrara mh, have they read (finished 
reading) my book? BCHqKO e — q6jib, 
he has read everything; — ce vpr to 
be read, read through; — ne n reading, 
reading through, finishing reading; — 
q^reHb ppp read, all read, finished {of 
a book, etc), read through. 

H3q6njiflM'b va to pick, pick out; — ce 
vpr to be picked; — ne n picking. 

HsqyeaM'b v HSFJieABaMi.. 

H3qyKBaM-b va to beat out; to hammer 
out; to knock out; to shake off; to 
thrash; — rBOSAefl, to knock a nail 
out; — KHjiKMi., to beat a carpet; — 
qyKaxa iwy 3;K.6HTt, they knocked his 
teeth out; ntKofl — Ka na Bparara, 



HaqyaBaiM-b 



217 



HSaCHHBaMl* 



some body knocked at the door; — ce 
vpr to be beaten, knocked; to be shaken; 
to be thrashed (of wheat, etc); —He n 
beating, knocking out; shaking (the dust 
of); thrashing; — Kan-b ppp beaten out, 
knocked out; shaken; smashed (of teeth). 

■swynBaM-b va to break, break to pieces, 
shatter, shiver, crush; knock out (one's 
teeth>; bch^ko — nnxa, they broke 
everything (to pieces); — ce vpr to be 
broken; to break; to hatch out (of 
chickens); cr-bKJiara ce — nnxa, the 
panes (of the windows) were all broken; 
nflJieraTa ce — nnxa, the chickens 
were hatched out; — He n breaking, 
smashing; hatching; — nen-b ppp broken 
(to pieces), all broken, smashed (of teeth), 
hatched (of eggs). 

H3uidpBaM-b va to variegate, make party- 
colo(u)red, diaper; to finish variegat- 
ing. 

H3uiH6BaMi> va to whip up, strike, ad- 
minister a blow. 

H3uiHBaM-b va to sew up, finish sewing; 
to stitch, quilt; to embroider, adorn with 
needle work; — ce vpr to be sewed 
up; to be embroidered. 

H3uiHjiBaMi> va to sharpen up, make 
pointed, cut to a point; — ce vpr to 
be cut to a point, made sharp or point- 
ed; — He n cutting to a point, making 
pointed; — jieHT> ppp cut to a point, 
sharpened, made pointed. 

H3mHnBaM-b va to pinch, pinch off; to 
pluck (a fowl, etc). 

HsmyKHysaM-b vn to get away, disap- 
pear (from one's memory); to abscond. 

H3T. prep out, out of, from, from out, 
from off; (in composition with verbs) 
thoroughly, entirely, all; — npo3opeua, 
out of the window; — noai. nacb, from 
under us; — p;K.KaTa, from the hand; 
Hiie — UapHrpaAi*, he comes from 
Constantinople; H^a — AOMa, I come 
(am coming) from home; noMararb — 
Hero, they take his side; — Koa crpa- 
Ha, from which side? — pAiKa bt, p«.- 
Ka, from hand to hand; — pa3xoA- 
BaiM-b va to spend all; v H3pa3xoA- 
BaM-b. 

H3tAHHK1> V H3eAHHK-b. 
H3HMC2iaM'b V HseiKAaM-b. 
H3HBiiTejieH-b a indicative; —ho uaKJio- 
HCHHC, indicative mood. 



HSsiBHTejib m declarer, revealer, testifier. 

H3aB^BaMb va to manifest, show, give 
out, express; to declare, announce; to 
reveal; to testify, indicate; — B^xe sa- 
uiara cnocoGnocTb, show your capa- 
bility; Toft — BH CBoero c-brjiacHe, he 
gave his consent; — Biix-b CBOflra npn- 
SHarejiHOCTbi I expressed my grati- 
tude; — BHjiH ro Ha BjiacTHTt, they 
had given him out (or reported) to the 
authorities; acho — BHxa uio 3a xopa 
cm, they clearly showed what kind of 
people they are; — ce vpr to be shown, 
manifested, given out, expressed; to be 
declared; to be indicated, testified; — bh 
ce )Ke.naHHe, it was desired or wished, 
a wish was expressed; — bh my ce cm- 
mHHCKHHTi> xapaKTepb, his real charac- 
ter became apparent; cKipCb ce — uie 
no jiHuara HM-b, sorrow was read in 
their faces; — ne n showing, manifest- 
ing, revealing, expressing; indicating; — 
Ji^HHe n manifestation, expression (of 
joy, etc), testimony, token (of friend- 
ship); revelation; declaration; explana- 
tion; manifesto; — b^h* ppp revealed, 
shown, manifested; expressed, declared; 
reported, given out, betrayed. 

HSMM-b V H3eiKAaM-b. 

H3acH^HHe n explanation, explication, in- 
terpretation, elucidation, enunciation; 
declaration; illustration; clearing up, 
brightening up (of the weather); c"b — h, 
with explanations; cnopeAi* neroBOTO 
— , according to his explanation or in- 
terpretation; T03H Biinpocb HMa Hyxc- 
aa OT-b — , that question needs to be 
elucidated; Tosa hh Jiajie 3a — , he 
presented this to us as an illustration 
or explanation; — na BptMero, clear- 
ing up of the weather. 

H3iicHHM'b a explicable, explainable, ac- 
countable. 

H3flCHHTeJib m explainer, explicator, ex- 
pounder, elucidator; — flem. a explana- 
tory, explicative, elucidative; —ho ad 
explanatorily, with explanation. 

H3sicHSBaM'b va to explain, make plain, 
explicate, elucidate; to illustrate; to ex- 
pound; to account for; — H^re My pa- 
eoTaxa, explain the matter to him; 
KaKT> — T-b TOBa HBJieHHe, how do 
they account for (or explain) that phe- 
nomenon? — AOFMa, to expound a doc- 
trine; — ce vpr to be explained, ex- 



218 



plicated; to explain oneself; to brighten 
up, clear up (o/ the weather); — h^tc 
ce, explain yourself; Bp-feMero ce —nil, 
the weather cleared up; Tp-bfisauie Aa 
ce — HHM-b, we had to come to an ex- 
planation; —He n explanlng, explicat- 
ing, elucidating, expounding; v Hsnc- 
HeHHe; — h6hi. ppp explained; cleared 
up {of the sky, etc). 

HsAuteH-b a fine, exquisite, elegant, splen- 
did; — cTHJii>, elegant style; — na pa- 
6oTa, splendid work; — ua MysHKa, 
exquisite music; — hht* HSKycTBa, fine 
arts; Toea e —ho, that is fine! — ho 
ad spendidly, fine; — hocti./ exquisite- 
ness, elegance. 

HKdna / icon, image; — Ka / dim a little 
icon. 

HKOHo66pei;-i> m iconoclast, image-break- 
er; — cTBO n iconoclasm; — cxay- 
saM-b va to reject the worship of icons 
or images. 

HKOHonHcaHe n iconography; — ceui* m 
image-painter; — ctbo n v HKOHonH- 
cane. 

HKOHonpoA^Beui> m dealer in icons. 

HKOHOCT^Cb m iconostasis. 

eKOH6M-b, etc v HKOHOM-b, etc. 

HKOca^A'bP'b m icosahedron (geom). 

nnn c or; Aa — He, yes or no; achbi, 

— yMptji-b, dead or alive; — x-bfl — 
TT>a, either one or the other way; it 
doesn't matter how; Aa xcHBtH — He, 
ryfl e Bi>npoca, to be or not to be, 
that is the question. 

HjnoMHH^UHH / illumiuatiou. 
H.nK)MHH5BKa / colo(u)ring. 
HJiiocTpHpaM-b va to illustrate; — ce vpr 

to be illustrated; — ne n illustrating; — 

CTpii^HH / illustration. 
HJiOBHHa, — ua/ clay, argil, potter's clay; 

loam. 
HAidsHfl / illusion. 
HJi^q-b mt V ji-feKapcTBO. 
MMaMi. va to have; to possess; to hold; 

— qecTb Aa Bh ci>o6u(a, I have the 
honofu)r to let you know; — fire ao- 
CpHHara, be so good, be so kind; toU 
—Ma rojitMo fiorarcTBO, he has or 
possesses a great wealth; —re npaBo, 
you are right, are in the right; KaKBO 
—ma Aa mh Kaxcere, what do you 
wish to tell me? —Ma roji-bMa pasjiH- 
Ka MeiKAy ABtrb, there is a great 
difference between the two; —Ma Bor-b, 



there is a God, Qod exists; mo —Ma, 
what is it? what is the matter? — Aa 
Bh Bp-butaMi. CAHO nncMo, I owe you 
a letter; —Ma MHoro Aa ce qepBH, he 
will do a great deal of blushing; — uie 
MHoro xopa, there were many people 
there; eAHi>M<'b — uie eAHH-b uapb, 
there was a king, there used to be a 
king; — Ma-ntMa nexb Haca, about 
five hours or thereabout; —Ma jih hjih 
HtMa, is there or not? -jit. pp; — ue 
n having, possessing; — M^HHe n pos- 
session, property; wealth, fortune; — 
ux'b pres p having. 

HMe n name; noun, substantive (gram); 
— npHJiarare^iHO, adjective; — ca- 
mecTBHTejiHo, noun; co6cTBeHo — , 
proper name; cb^HpareJiHO — , collec- 
tive noun; ntKott ch no — Haani*, 
one John by name; KaK-b Bh e —to, 
what is you name? B-b —to na Bora, 
Ha npaBAaTa, in the name of God, of 
justice; nnuieTe ro na Moe — , write 
it down in my name; qecTHTO Bh — , 
my congratulations on occasion of your 
name's day ! — nen-b a name, of names, 
name's (day); nominal (price); — HHK-b 
m list of names, roll; nomenclature; — 
MeHue n dim a dear little name. 

HMeJii) m mistletoe (bot); — jiobh pacTe- 
HHH pi loranths. 

HMeHHTCJieH'b a nominative; — oaAeiKi*, 
nominative case. 

HMeHMTb a celebrated, noted, eminent; — 
TOCTb / celebrity, eminence. 

HMeno ad namely; precisely, even so, 
that is just it; a — , namely, to wit, 

that is; , precisely, precisely; aa 

TOBa — roBopHXMe, that is just what 
we talked about; — T-bfl, just so, ex- 
actly so. 

HMenyBaM-b va to call, name; to style, 
term; — ce vpr to be called, named; 
to be styled; to call, name; to style one- 
self; —He n calling, naming; styling; 
— BdH Hen appellation, name; denomina- 
tion; — BaH-b ppp named, called, styled. 

HMOBHTI. V HMOTeHl.. 

HMOBtpeH-b a credible, probable, au- 
thentic; — pne n credence, credibility, 
probability. 

HMdT-b m property, estate; HeABH>KHM'b 
— , real-estate; HacTem. — , private 
property; A'i>pM<aBeH'b — , state pro- 



HMneparopb 



219 



HHTepsajii. 



perty; domain of the crown; HnoreKH- 
paHT, — , mortgaged estate; 6amHHi> 
— , father's property, patrimony; aa- 
CJitACTBeH-b — , hereditary estate; — 
TCHT. a opulent, wealthy; — hhkt> m 
landowner; wealthy or opulent person. 

HMnepdTopb m emperor; pycKH — , the 
Emperor of Russia; — pHi;a / empress; 
— CKH a emperor's, of emperor; impe- 
rial; ad like an emperor, imperially. 

HMn^pHsi / empire; — ckh a empire's, of 
an empire; imperial (domains, etc). 

HMyutecTBo n v kmoti.. 

HMT. pron dat pi them, to them; Kasax- 
Me — , we told them; AaAO?(Me — 
nHCMarai we gave them the letters; 
xjit6a He — CTHra, they are short of 
bread, they haven't enough of br^ad. 

HHaK-b, — qe ad otherwise, the other way, 
differently; else, or else, elsewise, if not; 
xaKa HJiH — , so or otherwise, no 
matter how, some way or other; CJiy- 
uiaflre, — me Gjnafixe naKaaaHH, be 
obedient or else you shall be punished; 
rypHere ro — , put it the other way; 
— K-bBT. a such, other, another, differ- 
ent. 

vrnkTbint stubborness, obstinacy; — ;ihbi> 
a stubborn, obstinate; — qHfl m an ob- 
stinate fellow; — ra ce vpr to act stub- 
bornly, be stubborn, obstinate. 

HHBajiMA'b m invalid; — acH-b a invalid 
(soldier), of invalids, for invalids. 

HHBeHT^p-b m inventory. 

HHAHBHA'bi — jiyyiMT. m individual; — Aya- 
jiHsysaMi. va to individualise (-ize); — 
AyajiHSiiM-b m individualism; — Ay6ji- 
HOCTb / individuality, individualism. 

HHAH<})ep^HTeH'b a indifferent; —ho ad 
— ly; — HOCTb / indifference. 

HHAyKTHBCHT, fl inductive; —ho ad — ly. 

HHAycTpHajieHi. a industrial; —ho n — ly. 

HHAycTpHH / industry; KonpHHena — , 
sericulture; 6pauiHeHa — , flour-trade, 
flour industry. 

Hnx^en^p-b m engineer; uHSHJieHi. — , 
civil engineer; MMnen-b — , mining en- 
gineer; — peH-b a engineering (work), of 
engeneering; —ckh a engineer's, of an 
engineer; engineering; — ctbo n engin- 
eering. 

HHiK^KUHsi / injection. 

HHcfl m white-frost, rime, hoar-frost. 

HHdpuHH / inertion, inert-force iphys). 

HHHUHaTHBa / initiative; — Arop-b m ini- 



tiator. 

HHKBH3HTopb m iuquisitor; —ckh a in> 
quisitor's, of an inquisitor; inquisitional,, 
inquisitorial. 

HHKBH3HUH{i / inqulsitiou. 

HHKdrHHTO m incognito. 

HHOBtpeH-b a of a different religion or 
faith, heterodox; — ui. m a person of a 
different faith or religion; — pne n het- 
erodoxy. 

HHOs^Meu'b m foreigner; — Men-b a for- 
eign 

HHOKy.n^UHSi / inoculation. 

HH6Kb m monk, iriar; — khhh / nun; — 
qecKH n monachal;- — qecTBo n mona- 
chism. 

HHonji^MeHHK-b m foreigner; — neni. a 
foreign. 

HHOCKaaar^jieH'b a allegoric, — al; —ho 
ad allegorically; — a^nne n allegory. 

HHOCTp^neu-b m foreigner, stranger; — 
HeH-b a foreign. 

HHCHHyduHH / insinuation. 

HHcn^KTop'b m inspector, supervisor; 
rjiaBenii — , inspector -general; —ckh a 
inspector's, of an inspector; inspection, 
of inspection; —ctbo n inspectorship. 

HHCT^HUHH / instance, instancy (j'ur)\ 
BHUia — , superior court; nocJitAHa — , 
last resort. 

HHCTHHKT-b m Instiuct; — TMBeH-b a in- 
stinctive; — TH8HO ad — ly. 

HHCTHTyTT. m Institute, institution, es- 
tablishment; order. 

HHCTpyKTop-b m instructor {mil); —ckh 
a instructor's. 

HHcrpyKUHsi / instruction. 

HHcrpyM^HTT. m instrument; tool; — rd- 
jien-b a instrumental (music); -Tern., 
— TOB-b a tool (chest), instrument, of 
instruments; — rdBKa / instrumentation 
{mus). 

HHTerpaji-b tn integral {math)', — pd.neHi> 
a integral (calculus); — rpduHsi / in- 
tegration. 

HHTCJiHr^HTeH'b a intelligent, cultured; 
—HOCTb / intelligence; culture; -una 
/ cultured class, high society. 

HHTeHA^HT-b m intendant, commissary 
{mil); —CKH a intendant's, of an in- 
tendant, of a steward; — ctbo n in- 
tendantry, commissariat. 

HHTepB^.ji'b m interval; bt. — jih, at in- 
tervals. 



HHTepecea-b 



220 



MeKpe(He)Hi> 



■HTep^ceHi. a interestiag (book), win- 
some, fascinating; —ho ad interest- 
ingly; —HO e Aa ce 3Hae« it is in- 
teresting to know. 

MHTep^ci> m interest, concern; benefit, 
profit, gain; aa cboR — , for one's own 
interest, end or profit; oCmecTBCHH — 
CM, public concern or ends; to e B-b Moif 
— Aa roHanpaBa,itis for my interest (to 
do it); TO e s-b Heroe-b — , it is to his 
advantage; noKasaaMb — , to take an 
interest in; rt HMaTi» — b-b Toaa, they 
have an interest in this, are interested 
in this. 

HHTcpecyBaM-b va to interest; Tosa He 
Me— cyaa, that doesn't interest or con- 
cern me, I don't care for that; — ce 
vpr to be interested, have an interest 
in, take an interest in, be concerned; 
to interest oneself; — ce OT-b BCHqKO, 
I am interested in everything; —He n 
interesting; taking an interest in. 

HHTcpHauHOH^jieH'b a international. 

HHTepnojiduHS / interpolation. 

HHTepipep^HUHfl / interference. 

HHTHMeHb a intimate, bosom (friend); 
private (affair); — ho ad intimately; 
privately; — HOCTb / intimacy. 

HHTOH^UHfl / intonation. 

HHTpiira / intrigue; — pAhtt. m intrigu- 
er, trimmer; — rysaMb va to in- 
trigue, plot, form plots; — rysane n in- 
triguing; intrigue; — rpiiiKKa / a nice 
intrigue, a petty intrigue, 

HHTpoAyKUHS / introduction. 

HHTyHTHBeH'b c intuitive; —ho ad —\y; 
— HUHti / intuition. 

HHdiaHT^pHH / infantry. 

HH4)^K4H{i / infection. 

HH(t);i^KCHsi / inflection. 

HH^iJiy^Hua / influenza. 

HHipyadpHH / infusoria. 

HnoA^KOH-b m subdeacon; — ckh a sub- 
deacon's; — CTBO n subdeaconry, sub- 
deaconship. 

HnOT^aa / hypothesis. 

HnoT^Ka / hipotheca, mortgage; AasaMi* 
noAb — , to mortgage, give as mort- 
gage; n^amaM-b — , to pay off a mort- 
gage; —T^qeH-b a mortgage, of mortgage, 
on mortgage; — r^qen-b saeitf-b, a loan 
by mortgage; — T^qno ad by mortgage. 

■noTeKHpaMb va to mortgage, hypothe- 
cate, give as a mortgage; — ce vpr to 
be mortgaged; —He n mortgaging (a 



house), hypothecating; mortgage; hy- 
pothecation (of a ship); — H-b ppp h a 
mortgaged (farm, etc). 

HnoxdBAPHK'b m hypochondriac; — pii- 
qecKH a hypochondriac, — al; splenetic 
(person); -a / hypochondria, hypo- 
chondriasis. 

H npoqee; v npoqee. 

HpauHOH^jieH-b a irrational, surd (quan- 
tity). 

HpdHHH / irony; — aiipaMb va to treat 
ironically; — HMqeHi., — qecKH a ironic, 
— al; — HHqHO, — qecKH ad ironically. 

HpHrduHH / irrigation. 

HCKaM-b va to wish, want, desire; to 
will; to demand (one's rights); mo — 
Te, what do you wish, want or desire? 
what is your wish? ne — Ka Aa qyeaa 
Hero, he doesn't wish to hear anything 
about him; ne anae mo — Ka, he doesn't 
know what he wants, doesn't know his 
own mind; npaaere KaKBOTO — tc, do 
as you please; KaKBO —re OT-b Hacb» 
what do you want us to do? iwoMnqero 
ro — Ka, the girl likes him, is willing 
to marry him; — Tb ch napHTt, they 
want, demand their money; He ro -me, 
we don't want him; He — T-b Aa ana- 
HTb, they don't care to know; — Bh 
AoSpoTo, I wish you well, am your 
well-wisher; mo - KaTe a* KanceTe cb 
TOBa/ what do you mean by this? Ua- 
pbTb ro TT>fl — Ka, the king so wills 
it; — ce vpr to be wished, wanted, de- 
sired; to wish, have a mind to; to be 
demanded; Tbft ce — Ka, it is so de- 
sired, that is the way it is wanted; 
cnyrHHa ce — Ka, a servant-girl is 
wanted; — Ka Aa ce pa6oTH, one must 
work; He anae mo My ce — Ka, he 
doesn't know what he wants; — Ka My ce 
Aa aoMac cb Hacbjhe wishes or would be 
pleased to come with us; — Ka My ce 
Aa CH no.nerHe, he would like to take 
a nap; —He n wishing, wanting, desir- 
ing, demanding; wish, desire; demand, 
claim; — Hb ppp wanted, desired; de- 
manded; asked for. 

HCKpa / spark; sparkle (in wine); — KpH- 
ua / dim a little spark. 

HCKpe(He)H'b a sincere, true, true-hearted, 
frank, open-hearted; — npHHTejib, sin- 
cere friend; Bam-b — , —ho Bami., 
yours sincerely, sincerely yours; — ho 
ad sincerely, truly; frankly; Aa Bh Ka- 






■ocyceH-b 



221 



KajrbHKa 



xca —HO, to tell you frankly; — HOCTb 
/ sincerity, open-heartedness; frankness. 
HCKyceH-b V H3KyceH-b. 

HCKyCHTCJieH'b V HSKyCHTeAeHl*. 
HCKyCTBeHl. V HSKyCTBCH-b. 

HCKyui^BaM'b V H3KyuiaBaM'b. 

HCK-b m claim, suit, action, petition; rpaxc- 
AancKH — , civil suit; yrjiaBeHi, — , 
criminal prosecution; — aa noColt, an 
action for assault and battery; np'bAH- 
BflsaM-b — , to bring an action (against 
a person); OTKaasaM-b ce oti* — , to 
nonsuit; — kobt. a of suit, of claim, of 
action; plaintiff's (petition). 

HCJiflM-b m Islam; — ctbo n Islamism. 

HCT^pHKa / hysterics; — piiqeH'b a hys- 
teric, — al; — pH><recKH ad hysterically. 

HCT^U-b m plantiff; applicant. 

HCTHHa /truth; verity, reality; — , — , bh 
KasBaM-b, verily, verily, I say unto you; 
oieBHAHa — , obvious truth or fact; — 
e, it is true, it is a fact; roBopere — 
ra, speak the truth; — ^h e, is it true? 

HCTHHeHi> a true (friend), genuine, 
real, authentic; — hoctb / varacity, ver- 
ity, authenticity; truthfulness; —-ckh a 
true (friend), real (story), genuine (dia- 
mond), serious (intentions); ad serious- 
ly, in earnest. 

HCTHHBaM1> V H3CTHHBaM-b. 
HCTHHKa V HSCTHHKa. 

HCTH a same, veritable; —to ad also, 
likewise, the same. 

HCTOKV V H3T0K1>. 

HCTdpHfl / history; crapa — , ancient his- 
tory; cpeAHa — , medieval history; Hosa 
— , modern history; qepKOBua — , church 
history; cB-fercKa — , profane history. 

HCTopMKi> m historian; — mch-w, — qecKH 
a history (book), historic, historical 
(narrative), (science) of history; — pii- 
qecKH ad historically. 

HCTopHorpd(])i> m historiograph; — 4>Hfl / 
historiography. 

HCTyKdHi> m idol. 

HCTb V HCTH. 

H. T. H. and so forth, etc. 
HXHCBMbH-b m ichneumon (zool). 
HXHorp&^u9 f ichnography; — 4>i<icckh 

a ichnographic, — al. 
HXTHOAdrHti m ichtyology; — jidn. m 

ichtyologue. 
hxt, inter/ oh! ah! bother! for heaven's 

sake! — ncne, o dear! — Aa ce ne 

BHAH, confound it! — ocTaaeTe Me, 



leave me alone, for Gods sake! 

HlUa V HCKaM-b. 

Hui^Ui* V Hcreicb. 



Ka6ajiHCTnKa / cabal, cabalistic art; — 
THqecKH a cabalistic, — al. 

Ka6aHHua / heavy cloak, mantle. 

KMeai, m cable. 

Ka6BH£T-b m cabinet; cabinet-council; 
work-room, studio; — tchi a cabinet,, 
cabinet's, of cabinet. 

Ka6pHOJi6T-b m cabriolet, cab. 

K^BaiTb mt V Tonojia. 

Kasaji^pHfl / cavalry, horse-soldiers; — 
pHflcKH a cavalry (regiment), (school) 
of cavalry; cavarly's (head-quarters); —^ 
piicTb m cavalier, horseman, rider, 
trooper. 

Kasaji^p-b m cavalier, knight; partner (in 
dancing); toU e — , he is a gentleman; 
KaTO — , cavalierly; — ckh a cavalier's,^ 
of a cavalier; knight (errantry), of knight; 
knight's (errand); (order) of knight- 
hood; chivalrous, knightly; like a cav- 
alier, cavalierly; —CTBO n knighthood^ 
chivalry, knight-errantry; gentleman- 
liness, civility. 

Kasdji-b m pipe, reed-pipe; cbhph na — ,, 
to play the pipe. 

Kasr^ ft V KpaMOJia. 

KaanqKa / inverted commas, quotation- 
mark; — KH pi quotation-marks; bt. — 
KH. in quotation-marks, quoted. 

KaAauc})!} mt shredded wheat 

KaA^CT'bp'b m cadastre, land-register, ter- 
rier;— crpijieHi* a cadastre, of cadastre. 

KdAem-b presp v KaAn. 

KaACT-b m cadet; — ckh a cadet's ''uniform),, 
(corps) of cadets; — ctbo n cadetship, 

KaA^HCb m smoke; smut; smell of burning. 

K&ACHe « smoking; censing, incensing. 

KaAHJio n incence; smoke;censer; thurible; 
— HHua / censer. 

K^AMHfl m cadmium {chem). 

KaAHSi mt V CAAHsi. 

KaAH4)6 nt velvet; —^iu-b a velvet col- 
o(u)r, velvety, velveting. 

KaAPHJii* m quadrill (dance). 

K^Apo n portrait, photo, picture (pop). 

KaA'bHa v 6yjia. 

KaA'bHKa / goldfinch (bird.; field poppy 
ibot). 



Kajn>|n> 



222 



kAai>P1> m cadre (mil); list of officers, 
reserve. 

HiAU va incense, burn incense; to smoke, 
smoke-dry; vn to smoke, smut, give out 
smoke; csemeHHicbrb — Aeuie. the priest 
was incensing (in church); jiaM6aTa 
—AH, the lamp is smoking; — ce vpr 
to be incensed; to be smoked; xcaiMGo- 
HiiT-b ce — AH, the ham is prepared by 
being smoked-dry; — Aeue n incensing, 
censing; — Aem-b pres p. 

Ka^HC n, — em-b ce pres p v xaa ce. 

KkMA V KasBaM-b. 

xaa^K-b m Cossack; — s&aiKH a Cossack, 
Cossack's, of the Cossacks. 

Kaa^H-b mt cauldron, boiler (of an engine), 
big kettle;— AH<Hsi m v M'l^AHHKapb; — 
a^Hqe n small cauldron or boiler; kettle. 

Kaaipna m barracks, casern; armory; — 
MeHT. a of the barracks, military (life). 

KaaapTMd / potted dish. 

Kd3BaM-b va to say, tell, speak; to recite; 
to relate; — aax-b My, I told him; mo 
— aaxre, what did you say? — jk^tc 
mo HMa, speak out what you 
have to say; — ik^tc ro flCHO> speak 
it out (or pronounce it) clearly; ntMa 
HyxcAa Aa Bh — noseqe, there is no 
need of my telling you any more; Aa 
Bh — >Ka npaso, to tell you frankly; 
— saxMe HM-b cAHa npHKasKa, we told 
them, related them, a story; Kofl Bh — 
3a, who told you? ne cM-bsi Aa my — 
JKa, I don't dare (to) tell him; — aa ch 
HCTHHara, he told the truth; — aano 
My 6h;io, he had been told; — saHo- 
CTopcHO, said and done; — rb we aa- 
THHaji-b B-b 6oH, they say he perished 
in the battle; KaK-b Bh — tt,, how do 
they call you? what is your name? ne 
MH —ft cb wajiHH AyMH, tell me not 
in mournful numbers; — ik^tc ch ypo- 
Ka, recite your lesson; — ce vpr to be 
said, told, spoken, related, recited; to 
be called, named; to call oneself; KaK-b 
ce— re, what is your name? roBa ne 
TptfiBa Aa ce — aa, that should not be 
spoken; to ce — Ba, we Bh naABHXMe, 
you may say we beat you; r-bfi ce He 
— Ba, one shouldn't speak thus;— sa ce 
ie HMa r;iaA'b, famine is at hand, they 
say; —He n telling, saying, speaking; 
relating, reciting; -jit. app\ -hi. ppp 
said, told, spoken; related, recited. 

3<a3HHo n casino. 



KaaMi // pickaxe. 

KaaMiip-b m serge (stuff). 

Kaayip-b m cassowary {orn). 

KaayBaM-b v KaasaM-b. 

KaayHCT-b m casuist; — CTHKa / casuistry; 

— TiiqecKH a casuistic, — al. 
KaHK-b mt v JioAKa. 
KaftMdK-b mt v cMtrana, jieAeno. 
KaftcHfl / apricot. 
KaHuib mt strap; strop (for sharpening a 

razor with); belt; onacsaM-b ce ci. — , 

to put on a belt; — le n small strap; 

thong. 
K^Ka/ sister, elder sister (endearing term); 

— H aa-b, sister and I; -kg, ejia h th, 
you come too, sister; — KHu-b a sis- 
ter's. 

KaKasHAa / chrysalis, pupa, nympha. 

KaK^Ay n cockatoo (bird). 

KaKaji^uiKa / ear (of corn); cod, pod; 

stump; cuttle-fish; n-bJina — , well-filled 

ear. 
KaK^o n cocoa, cacao; — obi. a cocoa 

(nut), cacao (bin). 

KaKBHH^ / V KaweCTBO. 

KaKBd interog pron what? — npasHre, 
what are you doing? how are you! — 
e xyfl, what is this? — Kaaaxxe, what 
did you say? — Torasa, what then? — 
Bh e, what ails you? what is the 
matter with you? — Me e rpHXca aa 
Bacb, what do I care for you? 

KaKB6 C that; BtCTHHUHTt HHUiaTb — , 

the papers say that; jibho e — roBa 

He Tift, it is evident that this is not so. 

KaKBbTO ret pron whatever, what; — h 

Aa npasHTe, no matter what you do; 

— H Aa e, whatever it may be; — 
Bh AaBaM-b e Ao6po, whatever I give 
you is good; BcnqKO — Kaaaa e ji&wa, 
everything he says is a lie. 

KaKBd-roAi indef pron any little thing, 
any old thing, no matter what; — nt- 
uiHHKO, any little thing whatever; — 
najiTeHi^e, anything of a coat; — mo- 
>Ke Aa ce nanpaBH, whatever can be 
done. 

KdKHHb a sister's (of an older one only). 

KdKHi^a / dim dear little sister (of an 
older one). 

KdKO voc sister. 

K^KTO ad as, like, such as; as well as; 
in as much as; — h Aa e> any how, 
any way; — HHKora, as never; — >Ke- 



KaKTyCb 



223 



jiaere, o6imaa!e, as you like, as you 
please; — ce bh^jia ha Bac-b, as it 
seems to you; h aa-b cbivfb — Bacb, I 
too am as one of you; npasere — 
^ejiaere Aa Bh npasHT-b, do as you 
wish to be done by you; — ce bhah> 
as it seems; — HaMtpHxe Hafi-Ao6pt, 
as you think best; — n as. e,TOBa e 
^HKTb, any way, that is a fact; Typ- 
HCTe ro — H Aa e, set it on any way 
you please, no matter how; — hc ere 
ro cTopHJiH MCHe, in as much as you 
have not done it to me. 

K^KTycbm cactus; — cobt. a cactaceous. 

KiiKyjle n cardamon (bot). 

KaKi. ad how; in what manner or fashion; 

— ere, how are you! — Bh e hmcto, 
how do they call you, what is your name? 

— T-bfl, how so? — He Bh e cpaM-b, 
arn't you ashamed! — CMteTe, how 
dare you? exo — e paSoTara, see how 
the case stands; — h — a* ro nanpa- 
BHTe, you must do it no matter how. 

KaK-bBTO rel pron whoever, whichever, 
whatever, no matter who, which or 
what; such as; — HHKaA'b eliMa, such 
as is to be found nowhere else; — h Aa 
e, whoever he be, no matter who he 
be; such as he is; —to 6amaTa, ra- 
K-bB-b h cHH-bTi>, as is the father, so 
is the son; — sdro pa6oTa h Aa e, 
any kind of work, no matter what kind 
of work; UMa BcnqKO — boto HCKare, 
there is everything you want; Aaftre mh 
— BciTO Aa e, give me anything what- 
ever, no matter what; — bhto h Aa 
CMC, such as we are. 

KaKiB-b a pron what, what kind; such, 
such as; — uBtTi}, what colo(u)r? — qo- 
BtK-b 6-kiue ToH, what kind of a man 
was he? — cpaiM-b, what a shame! — 
b6 Bh e HMero, what is your name? 
— bh ere xopa, you are queer people! 
— Bd e TasH paSora, what kind of a 
business is this? Aaflre my — b6 6h- 
Jio, give him whatever there is, any- 
thing whatever. 

KaK-bB-b-roAt indef pron any kind; — 
KOHb, any horse whatever; — npusi- 
TCJib, any friend whatever; — B^-roA'b 
K«.mHua, any little house whatever, 
anything of a house. 

KajiaSaji-bK-b tnt v HasajiHua. 

KajidA mt V ojioBo. 

Ka.jiatfA>KHfl / tinner, tinman; tinker; — 



ficTBo n, — ji-bK-b m tinning; — Hckh a 

tinner's, of a tinner. 
KajiaflAHCBaM-b va ta ttiv btaaeh (pins, 

etc); — ce vpr t» be Honed, blanched; 

— He n tiffing, blanching'; — cani. ppp 

tinnei^ btanched. 
uautatm£\^ m cuttle-fish (zool); ear (of 

maize), stump. 
Ka;iaM6yp-b m calembourg, pun. 
Kajia(})dTi> m calk, calking; — rdp-b m 

calker; — 4)&TeH-b n calking; —^Axsi 

va to calk, repair (a ship). 
KajiAap-^M-b mt stone pavement. 
Hdini. nt V Kp'bnocTb. 
Kaji^Bpa V o6yBKa. 
KajieflAOCKdn-b m kaleidoscope. 
Kaji^KO m uncle (aunt's husband). 
Kaji^M-b mt slate pencil, lead pencil; Turk- 

ish pen. 
KajieHA^pb m calendar, almanac; — qe n 

dim a small calendar or almanac; a 

nice little almanac. 



Kdjiene n, — Jiemi> pres p v KajitiBaM'b. 

KdJieUHKi> m tench (zool). 

KdJieHHua / earthen-bowl. 

KdJieH-b a muddy (shoes), dirty; miry; 
clay, earthen (ware); clayey, clayish; — 
Ha yjiHua, muddy street, nasty street; 
—HO Bp-feMe, sloppy weather. 

Kaji^H-b a tempered (o/ iron/, inured, used 
to, hardened. 

Ka^i^CBaM-b va to invite, ask, bid (to a 
wedding); — ce vpr to be invited; — 
He n inviting; invitation; —cam. ppp 
invited; — cdpi>, — ji^chhkt. m inviter; — 
Ji^CKa/ invitation; — ji^CHHua/ woman- 
inviter; wine-flask. 

K^eu-b m gaiter, legging; small leg (of 
a stocking); — uh pJ. 

Kaji^uiii m avens (bot). 

KajiiiS-bp-b m calibre, caliber; bt. — , in 
calibre. 

Kajiurpi^-h m calligrapher, calligraphist; 
— ^'HiecKH a calligraphic, — al; — <|ihh 
/ calligraphy. 

K^jiHfl m call, potassium (chem). 

KajiHM^BKa / calotte, priest's cap, black- 
cap. 

KajiHMdna fg v KyMa. 

KajiHHa / pomegranate. 

KajiHHa / husband's sister. 

KajiHHKa / pomegranate; balaustine; lady- 
bird (2roo/). 

K^jiHUie n mire, puddle, marshy place. 

KajiK^H-b m flounder (fish). 



224 



KaHaJiH3HpaM-b 



KajiJiHB-b a muddy, dirty; sloppy (weath- 
er); — BOCTb / muddiness, miriness. 

KajiOM^ji-b m calomel (pharm). 

KajibpHMCT-bp-b m calorimeter (phys). 

Kaji64>ep'b fn costmary (bot). 

K^nasi. at v Jiom-b. 

Kaantis&H-b mt a lazy fellow, idler. 

Kajin^K-b m cap, fur-cap. 

Ka;iyrepi> m monk, friar; — Ka, — piiua 
/ nun; — piiqKa / a little nun; lap- 
wing, peewit (zoo/); — ckh a monk's, 
friar's, of a monk or a friar; cloister, 
monastic (life), monkish (face); ad like 
a monk; -— ctbo n monkship, monkhood; 
manastic state; monks; seclusion; — ne 
n dim a young monk; pettymonk; — 
r^pii va to ordain monk. 

K^jiipa m helper, assistant (to a master 
or foreman). 

KdjiuH pi V Kajieu-b. 

Kdjii^HA m calcium (chem). 

KaAuyn-b m full legging, open-worked 
stocking; gaiter. 

Kanb morf mud; mire, dirt, filth, dust; 
wax (of the ear); gutter, misery {fig); 
oGymara My ce caMO — , his shoes 
are covered with mud; Borb HanpasH 
qoBtKa OT-b — , God made man of dust; 
HssaMCAaM'b HS-b — 'Ta, to raise out of 
the gutter; BajisiTb ce bi> — ra, they 
wallow in the mud or mire. 

Kajiln-b mt mould, model; form; boot- 
tree; boot-stretcher; blockhead. 

Ka;ii><|)-b m pillow-case; case, sheath. 

KaM^ / dagger; wedge; npoMyniBaM'b cb 
— , to stab with a dagger. 

K^Mapa / pile, heap, rick; — Ai>pBa, a 
pile of wood; rpynsM-b hb — , to pile, 
pile into a heap, to heap up. 

K&Mapa / chamber, house, parliament; 
ropuara — , the Upper Chamber; the 
House of Lords (in England). 

K^MfiaJia / fluke (fish). 

KaMC^Ha / bell (of a church); — ra fine, 
the bell is tolling; — H^pHfl / belfry; 
steeple. 

k^mGho n agio, exchange {com). 

KaM6ypi> mt hunc-back. 

KaMejion6pAi> m camelopard, giraffe {zool). 

KaM^jiHfl / camellia {botX 

KaMCHipb m quarry-man, quarrier, stone- 
cutter, stone-mason; — HHua / quarry; 
ston-pit; —ckh a quarry-man's, stone- 
cutter's, of a stone-cutter; quarry. 

KdMeBeHi> a stone, of stone; stony; — 



B-fein>, stone-age; —Ha n;io<fa, stone 
slab; —Ha cojib, rock-salt; — na ct^- 
na, stone wall; — na paGora, stone- 
work, masonry; — hh B^Lrjinmat coal; 
—HO c-bpAue, a heart or stone (fig). 
KaMCHHCTb a stony, full or stones, cov- 
ered with stones, rocky; —to ai>ho, 
stony bottom; — xa p-feKa, rocky river; 

H KaiMCHHT'b, KaMeHJIHS-b. 

KaMeHOB^rjieHeH-b a carboniferous. 

KaMeHOAijiane n stone-cutting; — jiei;-i» 
m stone-cutter, stone-mason. 

KaMeHOo6p^3eu'b a stone-shaped. 

KaMenopacT^HHe n lithophyte {nat hisf). 

KaMenoTbqeH'b m mussel {zool). 

K^Men-b m stone; rock; gem; cKM.no- 
HtH-b — , precious stone, gem; boac- 
HHieHi, — , mill-stone; npoGeH-b — » 
touch-stone; KpafiA(.rbJieH-b — , corner- 
stone; — BT. Mexypa, stone in the blad- 
der {med); — na np-fen-bBaHe, stumbling- 
block; — qe n dim pebble, gravel; 
marble (in playing); — H^K-b m slony 
or rocky soil; h kAmiuki,, K^MiK-b. 

KaMHJia / camel; eAHon>p6a — , one 
humped camel, dromedary; — jidp-b m 
camel-driver; — mmjickh a camel, camel's 
(hair), of a camel; — le n dim young 
camel. 

KaMHJiKa / praying mantis {zool). 

KaMuji^K-b m mallow {hot). 

kAmo ad much less; hc Hcejiati Aa ro 
BHAHi a — jiH Aa roBopn c-b nero, 
I don't want to see him, much less to 
speak with him; rojitM-b HOBtK-b He 
Mox<e ro nanpasH — jih caho A^re, a 
grown person can't do it much less a 
child; V fa*. 

KaMH^HHfl / campaign {mil), 

KaMH^uiOBo A'bpBo 11 redor copper beach, 
campeachy wood, blood-wood {bot). 

K6M(})opa / camphor; — peHi> a cam- 
phor (tree), camphoraceous; camphorate 
(spirit). 

K^M-bK-b V KaMCHb; — qe n dim v Ka- 
Menqe. 

KaM-iufb m cane, reed, calamus, rush. 

Ktina / tankard, can; -^qe n dim small 
tankard; tin-cup. 

KanaB^ / canvass (for painting on). 

KaHa;iH3HpaM-b fa to canalise (-ize), inter- 
sect with canals; — ce vpr to be canal- 
ised; —He n canalising; canalisation; 
— HT. ppp canalised. 



KanHxavrb 



KaH^ji-b m canal; channel, sluice; duct; 
strait; ditch; waterway, water-course; 
naHaiMCKH •— , Panama Canal; AHr^Hfi- 
CKH — , English Channel; r-bpjicHHflT'b 
— , thoracic-duct; Konan — , to dig a 
canal. 

KaHan6 n sofa, couch. 

KaH^n-b, — H^T-b/n string, cord (hempen); 
B-bpssaM-b CT> — , to tie, do up with a 
string; — neu-b a string, cord, made of 
rope or cord. 

KaHap^ / rock, cliff; — piicTb a rocky 
(bottom), cliffy, full of rocks. 

KaH^pqe n dim cdLtnTy, canary-bird. 

KiHA>Ka ft hook, gaff. 

K2iHa.via.AT-b m candidate; — ctbo ncandi- 
dateship; — rypa / candidature; — ckh 
u candidate's, of a candidate; for candi- 
dates. 

KaHAHKaM-b va to rock, move to and fro; 
to cause to vacillate; — ce vpr to rock, 
move to and fro, waver, vacillate; — 
He n rocking; wavering; vacillation. 

KaHAHjiKa / blue-bell {bof). 

KaHAHJio n image-lamp; light, lamp; — 
HHi;a / censer; — ue n dim a little 
image-lamp; a tiny light. 

Kan^K-b m V A'b^KAOSHHK'b. 

KaH^jia / cinnamon; — jien-b a cinnamon 
(tree). 

K^Hene n, — neiu'b pres p v KaHti. 

KaH^PBaMi> va to read a canticle (in 
church); —He n reading (to a church 
singer); — bAmt. a reader. 

KaHHTejib m inviter; bidder. 

KanoHdAa / cannonade. 

KanoH^pb m cannoneer, gunner. 

KaHOHHSHpaAfb va to saint, beatify; — 
ce vpr to be canonised (-ized); — hc n 
canonising; canonisation; — ht. ppp can- 
onised, beatified. 

KandHi m canon (eccles); — hmki. m 
canon, prebendary; — HHcxb m can- 
onist; — HHqecKH a canon (law), can- 
onical. 

KandcBaM-b va to tan or paint (one's fin- 
gers); — ce vpr to be tanned; —He n 
tanning; -hi. ppp tanned, painted. 

KaHT^p-b mt steelyard. 

KaHT^ra / cantata (mus). 

KaHTOH'b m canton. 

KauTdpa / office, bureau. 

KanuejiipHH / office, bureau; cabinet; — 
piicTb m state clerk, clerk; —ckh a 
office (furniture), official (paper); offi- 



cious (manners); —ckh norptCH, sta- 
tionary. 

Kanuji^pb m chancellor; —ckh a chan- 
cellor's, of a chancellor; —ctbo a chan- 
cellorship. 

KdHH va to invite, ask; to beg; to urge; 
to offer; — tt. hh na o6-bA'b| they in- 
vite or ask us to dinner; ne cbiwb — 
neu-b, I have not been invited; 6e3-b 
aa. e — HeHi>, without l)eing invited, 
asked, bid; ne A'tflre ro — hh Aa 
CAC, don't urge him to eat; — ce vpr 
to be invited, asked, bid; to be urged; 
to urge each other; to plan, intend; to 
threaten; r^iaAen-b ce hc — hh, a 
hungry man needs not be urged to 
eat; —Hire ce, help yourself (your- 
selves, pi); — HHM-b ce Aa Bh nocb- 
THM-b, we are planning to pay you a 
visit; — HHTi ce Aa ro yenaTT., they 
threaten to kill him; — nene n inviting, 
asking, bidding; urging; invitation; — 
HCHT. a H ppp invited (guest), bid, 
asked; offered (a position); — hcuii* 
pres p. 

KaojiHH-b m porcelain clay, kaolin. 

K^na / cap, cowl, capuchin; — nnqna / 
a small cap. 

KandK-b mt cover, top, lid ''of a box), 
scuttle-door; shutter (of a window); 
flood-gate; —ten dim coverlet, lid, top; 
— jiH« / musket. 

Kandn-b mt v xjionKa. 

Kandpb m earnest money; money in ad- 
vance. 

KdnsaM-b va to drop, let fall (a drop), to 
drip; -Hire camo cAna KanKa, pour 
out just a drop; vn to drop, fall, faint 
away, get exhausted, be dying (for a 
thing); rt — tt. ott. yMopa, they 
faint away, break down, drop down, 
with fatigue; — naji-b e aa cbHb, he is 
dying for sleep; — ce vpr to be dropped, 
poured in drops; — ne n dropping, pour- 
ing in drops; dropping down, breaking 
down; exhaustion; — najn. a h ppp 
dropped down, fallen (fruit, etc); dying 
(for a thing); — Hari. ppp dropped, 
poured {of a drop). 

Kan^na / hat; — Ka / dim a small hat, a 
nice little hat. 

KanejiM^Hcrepb m conductor, band- 
master. 

Kanene n, — n^mi. pres p v Kana. 

KanHT^ji-b m capital; principal (at in- 
15 



KMin'aH'b 



226 



Kapayjii. 



terest); stock; fund; — h Tpyai*, cap- 
ital and lal)o(u)r (com); — h jihxbh, 
principal and interest; ochobchi* — , 
capital stock; nptspamaM-b s-b — , to 
convert into capital; — jieHi> a capital, 
principal, main, momentous (impor- 
tance); — jiHCTb m capitalist, stock- 
holder, moneyed man. 

KanHT^H'b m captain; n'bxoTeH-b — , cap- 
tain of the infantry; MOpcKH — , sea- 
captain; KasajiepHHcKH — , captain of 
the horse; — jieHreuaHT'b, second cap- 
tain (naut); — ckh a captain's, of a 
captain; — ctbo n captaincy, captainry. 

KanMT^jib m capital (arch). 

KanHxyji^UHH / capitulation. 

K^nHua, — qKa / dim cap, hood, cap- 
uchin. 

KanamdH'b m capouch, hood, cowl, cap- 
uchin. 

K^inHiue / heathen shrine, idol-temple; 
pagoda. 

KanHii ft V apara. 

K^nKa / drop; drip; bit; — no — , drop 
by drop; hh — , not a drop; not a bit; 
nocjitAua — Kp-bBb, last drop of blood; 
ne My Aa^e hh — , he didn't give him 
a drop. 

Kan^iaAHcaaM'b vat to put a new sheet 
on; to line, put a lining on. 

Kan;iHB-b a liquid (bodies), fluid, watery; 
— BOCTb / fluidity, liquidness. 

K^nnyaaM-b va to drop, pour by drops; 
vn to drop, fall; to drop down, faint; 
— ce vpr to be dropped; — ne n drop- 
ping; V KanBaMi). 

KanoHd / scale; — hh pi scales, balance. 

KanpHsi* m caprice, whim, fancy; caMo 
sa — , for a mere whim; — acHb a ca- 
pricious; —HO ad — ly; — nobxb / — 
ness, self-will; — nnqa vn to be capri- 
cious, act capriciously. 

Kancyjii* m capsule; percussion cap (mil). 

KanTHcaaM-b va to catch, seize; to pur- 
loin, get hold of (pop). 

Kanyuib m castor-plant (bot). 

K&ntiimtif dim a little drop, a small drop; 
HH — , not a drop. 

Kanqyrb m drip, eaves, gutter (of a roof), 
spout (for rain-water). 

Kinti vn to drop, drip, fall in drops, 
to trickle, dribble, ooze (of liquids); to 
fall (of fruit); to rain; c-bjisa My — na 
Ha pALKara, a tear dropped down or 
fell on his hand; — nar-b My KOCHTt, 



his hair isj falling off, he is getting 
bald-headed; — ne Ai>>KA'bt it rains, is 
raining; Kp-bBb mh — ne Karo ro rjie- 
jitLM-b, I can't bear looking at him, he 
makes me sick; — nenen dropping, fall- 
ing in drops, trickling, dribbling; fall 
(of rain); — nem-b presp dropping, fall- 
ing; drizzling (rain); — najii* pp dropped, 
fallen. 

Kapa6HHa / carabine. 

KapaBdna / caravan. 

KapaA^K^llKa / prune (plumX 

KapaKdmKa v capaKa. 

KapAKaqau-b m Roumanian nomad. 

KapaK^Jii* V Kapayjii. 

KapaKdHAXco m hobgoblin; scare-crow 

(fig)- 

KapaH66Ab m carron (in billiards). 

KapaM^ji-b m caramel. 

KapaM^H-b m shepherd's dog, sheep-dog. 

KapaKyAa / crucian (icht). 

K^paM-b va to drive, urge on, push on; 
to cart (goods); to scold (a person); vn 
to do, get along, fare; fa* — tc xtan 
Kone, where are you driving these 
horses to? mo — x-b B-b Koaara, what 
are they carrying in the wag(g)on? ne 
A'tAre Me —pa Aa rp-buia, don't make 
me sin; rt th — tt. Aa a-bpuiaxb roaa, 
it is they that make them, urge them 
or incite them to do this; — tt. a.o6p'b, 
they do or are doing well, get along 
nicely; — ce vpr to be driven, urged 
on; to scold, reprimand; to quarrel, 
quarrel with each other; ne AtflTC My 
ce —pa, don't scold him; MHoro ce 
— T*, they quarrel a great deal; — He« 
driving (cattle), carting (wood), urging 
on, inciting, making (one do a thing); 
faring, getting along, doing; scolding; 
— HHi;a / quarrel, brawl, wrangle; — 
HT> ppp driven. 

KapaHA^m-b m pencil, graphite. 

KapaHTHua / quarantine; — hcht. a quar- 
antine, of quarantine. 

KapaH4)HJi'b m pink; carnation; noacKH 
— , orchis; — jien-b a pink (colo(u)r), 
caryophylleous (bot); — aobh pacreHHa, 
caryophyllae. 

Kapdq-b m driver. 

Kapar-b m carat; 18 — ra qncro, eigh- 
teen carats pure (of gold). 

Kapayji-b mt sentry, watch, guard; senti- 
nel; — jien-b a sentry (box), guard (house), 
of the sentry or the guard; — ;ieHb o- 



KapaiUMCBaM-b 



227 



KaraHei^it^ 



4}>Huepi>, officer on guard; noqercH-b 
— , a guard of hono(u)r; OTHsaM-b — , to 
go on sentry; cM'bHflBaM'b — , to re- 
lieve guard. 

KapaiUHCBaM-b v paaC'bpKBaM'b. 

Kapryfi m v ncTpeG-b. 

KapAHH^jii. m cardinal; — ckh a cardi- 
nal's, of a cardinal; — ctbo n cardinal- 
ship. 

KapK<Spsi vn to grumble (of the stomach), 
gurgle; — pene n grumbling, gurgling; 
grumble; — pem-b pres p grumbling. 

Kap^ra / carriage, chaise. 

Kapn^pa / career, calling; quarry; no- 
jiHTHRccKa — , political career; KaMCHa 
— , stone-quarry; — peHi> a of a career 
or calling; quarry, of a quarry. 

KapHKarypa / caricature; — peni. a car- 
icature, of caricature; satirical, bur- 
lesque; — pdcTb m caricaturist. 

KapHa6HTi> m cauliflower {bof). 

KapnaBdji-b m carnival; — jieHi> a car- 
nival (week). 

KapHHS-b m cornice. 

K^pna / rock, cliff. 

Kapnys-b mt v ahhu. 

K^pra / card; reorpa(})HqecKa — , map; 
chart; nomeHCKa, postal card; Hrpaji- 
HH — TH, playing cards — THqKa / dim 
a small card; label; BHSHTHa — THRKa, 
visiting card. 

KapT^ji-b mt vulture. 

Kapr^jii) m cartel (mil). 

Kapr^q-b m canister-shot, case-shot (mil). 

KapTHHa / picture, painting; illustration 
(in a book); image; scene; xcHsa — , 
living picture, life-picture; cb — hh, 
with illustrations, illustrated (book); — 
HCHT. a picture (gallery, book, etc), of 
picture, (exhibition) of pictures, illustrat- 
ed (magazine); — Ka / dim a small pic- 
ture, a nice little picture. 

KapTorpd(})Ha / cartography, charto- 
graphy. 

KaprdH-b m cardboard, pasteboard; — 
HCHi a cardboard or pasteboard, of 
cardboard. 

KapT64>'b m potato; — (j[)eH'b a potato, 
of potatoes. 

Kapyua / wag(g)on, cart; express-waggon, 
— U^pb m wag(g)on-driver, expressman; 
coacliman, driver. 

Kap^Hi^a / pin; — qna / dim little pin, 
small pin. 

Kac^LTe^ieHi* a tangent (geom); —-ho ad 



concerning, in regard to, touching, about, 
relative to; —ho to3h B-bnpocbt in 
regard to this question, touching or 
concerning this matter. 

Kacarypa / bayonet (sabre). 

Kdca / safe, money-chest; pay-office, 
ticket-office; treasury; case, box; cnec- 
TOBHa — , savings bank; seM^eA^Jiit'CKa 
— , agricultural bank, neqarapcKa — , 
letter-case; — cobi> a safe (deposits), 
treasury (notes), cash (account). 

Kacde ce imp v it concerns; TOBa ne ce 
— Ao Bacb, that doesn't concern you 
KOJiKOTo ce — AO TOBa, as far as 
this matter is concerned, as to this 
(matter), concerning that. 

Kaca(n(HH)'b m/ butcher; —Hiii^a/ butch- 
ershop; slaughter-house; —ckh a butch- 
er's (trade), butcher (shop), of a butch- 
er; —CTBO n butcher's trade. 

Kac^UHfl / cassation; annulment, appeal; 
— duen-b a of cassation; — oHeHi> c;r.a'i> 
Court of Cassation; nojiaBaM-b — oHHa 
}Kaji6a, to sue for a writ of error. 

Kac^H ce V Kacae ce. 

KacH^p-b m cashier, cash-keeper; treasur- 
er; —CKH a cashier's, treasurer's ('ac- 
count), of a cashier, of a treasurer; — 
CTBO n treasurership. 

KacHpaM'b va to reverse (a judgment), 
annul; to appeal to a court of cassation; 
— He n reversing; appealing to a court 
of cassation. 

KiicHH / cassia-tree (bo€). 

K^CTa / caste. 

KacT^p-b m castor, beaver; — poBi. a 
castor (oil), beaver (hat). 

KdcTpn va to prune, cut off, lop, trim; 
to scold, lecture (a person); — ce vpr 
to be pruned, lopped; A'^PBCTara ce — 
npojierb, trees are pruned during 
spring time; — pdJKi. m, — pene n prun- 
ing, lopping oft, cutting off (of branch- 
ed; scolding, reprimanding; —pern, ppp 
pruned, trimmed. 

KfiTa pron every; — ACHb, every day; — 
AH^Beni. a daily (paper); — ah^bho 
ad daily, every day. 

KaraB^CHti / canticles (church). 

KaTaK6M6a / catacomb. 

KaTaJi^ncHH / catalepsy, catalepsis; — 
THqen-b a cataleptic, of catalepsy; m 
cataleptic. 

KaTaji6r-b m catalog(ue). 

Kardneu-b m lock, padlock; rypaM-b — , 



kaTanjiasMa 



228 



to padlock (a door); — uh pi padlock; 
— >qe n dim small padlock. 

KaTanJi<l3Ma / cataplasm. 

Kardpa / catarrh, cold. 

KaranyAT-b m catapult. 

KaTacTp6(})a / catastrophe. 

KaTai|)d;iKi> m catafalque. 

KarapdHT-b m cataract (in the eye); v 
npaMeHi>. 

KarerdpHfl / category; — pHqen-b, — pii- 
HecKH a categorical; — piiqHO, — pii- 
qecKH ad categorically. 

KBT^Apa / cathedra; chair, professorship; 
— pijieu-b a cathedral (church). 

KirepHua / squirrel (black); — qcHi. a 
squirrel, squirrel's (nest), of a squirrel. 

KBT^pa ce vpr to climb, clamber, scram- 
ble; — pene n climbing, clambering up 
(a tree); — peim> ce pres p. 

Ksn^Tiy m cathetus {geom). 

KaTHXHSHCb m catechism; — SHqeni*, — • 
aifqecKH a catechistic, — al. 

K^THUa / shelled wallnut. 

Karo ad as; like, similar; as soon as; on, 
when, while; as if, as though; — mo TptC- 
sa, as is proper, as one should; Kpa- 
CHB-b — anreji-b, beautiful as an angel; —- 
mo MH e KaaaHO, the way I have been told; 
— qy;i-b Tosa, ch oTHmeji'bt on hear- 
ing (when hearing, as he heard) this, 
he went away; — Aa 6^xi> na Bauie 
MtcTo, were I in your place; — na 
Koro npHJiHqa, whom does he look 
like? — KaKi*, HanpHMtpi>, how for ex- 
ample? — yjiapH oceMb qaca, as soon 
as it strikes eight o'clock; — qe jih e 
r;iyxi>, as if he were deaf; — qe ;ih hh- 
mo He 3Hae, as though he doesn't know 
anything; — qe jih e aaaro^ gold, as 
it were. 

KarojiiiK'b m Catholic; — khhsi / a Cath- 
olic woman; —qecKH a Catholic -^church); 
— qecTBO n Catholicism. 

KardnrpHKa/ catoptrics; — piiqecKH a ca- 
toptrical. 

Karp^H-b m tar; — Hes-b, — HHs-b a tar 
(soap), of tar; — uiiKa/ southern-wood, 
abrotanum {bo()\ — HiiK-b m tar -oiler; — 
HdcaaM'b va to tar, rub with tar. 

KaryH-b m nomadic gypsy; gypsy tent; 
— HHme n gypsy camp. 

KarypeaM-b va to tip over, turn over, 
upset, overturn, capsise (-size a ship); to 
throw down (in wrestling); — naxre qa- 
mara, you knocked theglassover;— ce 



vpr to be tipped over, upset, turned 
over, capsised; to be thrown down; to 
tip over, upset; to capsise; to throw 
oneself back, fall back, trip, tumble 
down; Macara ce —Ha, the table waa 
turned over, upset; —He n tipping over^ 
turning over, upsetting; throwing down 
(in wrestling), capsising {of a ship); — 
nan. ppp tipped over, upset, overturn; 
capsised; spilt (of a glass). 

kAtt. m floor, story, flight (of stairs); 
suit (of clothes); aojihh — ♦ down floor; 
ni>pBH — , first floor, story or flight (of 
stairs); xyCae-b — ApexH, a fine suit 
of clothes; v Karo. 

Kar-bK-b m viands, victuals. 

Kar-^p-b m he-mule, mule; — pnua / she- 
mule. 

KayK-b mt cap, hood, bauble. 

Kayu-b m musk-melon; — qe n dim smalt 
musk-melon. 

KaypHH-b v rfiypHH-b. 

KayqyK-b m gum-elastic, caoutchouk,. 
rubber; — Koa-b a rubber, of rubber,- 
gum-elastic. 

Ka4>^ n coffee; — AiKiia mt coffee-man, 
coffee-server or maker; — 4>^HHHK'b m 
coffee-pot; — (fj^flm. m caffeine (chem);. 
—h6 n coffee house, cafe; — 4>6Hue n a 
little coffee, a cup of coffee; — (|>hbi> a 
coffee-colo(u)r; — (})dH'b a coffee (tree), 
coffee-colo(u)r. 

Ka4>TdH'b mt caftan Ctexture). 

Ka4>^3'b mt V KjieTKa. 

Kax-bp-b mt V rpHxca; —pa ce vpr v 
rpHHca ce. 

kAhb. m tub, vat, barrel; rypaMT. bt. — 
UH, to barrel (cheese, etc); —t6 n dim 
cask, small barrel, keg. 

Kau^pb m cooper; — uHua / cooper's 
shop; — cKH a cooper's (trade), of a 
cooper; — ctbo n cooper's trade, cooper- 
ing, cooperage. 

K^UsaM-b vn to perch, alight on (a tree), 
perch oneself {of birds); nrnqKara — ^ 
Ha na paMoro My, the bird alighted 
on his shoulder; — ne n lighting, alight- 
ing, perching; —HSin'b ppp perched. 

KaqaM^K-b m v MaMajinra. 

K^qsaMi. va to mount, carry up, raise 
up, lift up, bring up, take up; to ascend 
(a throne); to cock up (a gun); — qiixa 
ro na Haft-ropHHa eraxc-b, they took 
him up to the highest story; — q^re 
A'bpaara, brhig up the wood; — qiixMe^ 



SHaMero, we hoisted up the flag; chhi> 
My — qnxa na nptcrojia, his son was 
raised to the throne; nyinKara e — 
«ieHa, the rifle is cocked; — ce vpr 
to climb, mount, go up, ascend; to rise, 
come up; to amount {of a sum); to be 
lifted, raised, brought, taken, up; to be 
cocked; to be hoisted, run up {of a 
flag); BCHqKH ce — qHXMe Ha B-fapxa, 
all ot us climbed to the top (of the 
mountain); — qH ce na KOHb, he mount- 
ed a horse; — qn ce ua npliCTOJia, 
he ascended the throne; TepMOMeT-b* 
ptTT. ce e — qHfli., the thermometer 
has gone up, has risen; utuHT-b ca ce 
— qHJiil, the prices have risen, have 
gone up; —q^re ce ropt* go or come up 
stairs; —He n lifting, mounting, raising, 
bringing or taking up, carrying up; 
climoing, ascending; hoisting, running 
up; cocking; rise (of prices), elevation, 
ascension; — qeHi> ppp lifted, raised, 
mounted, taken up; cocked {of a gun) 

Kaq6 n, — q^nue n dim v Kaua. 

KdqecTBO n quality; qualification; parts; 
ni>pBo — , highest quality; aojiho — , 
inferior quality; bt, —to na, in the 
capacity of; qostK-b cb — CTBa, a man 
of parts; — CTBem, a qualificative (^ram), 
(adverbs) of quality; modificative. 

Kaqy;i-b m cowl, hood; coif; crest, comb 
{of birds); cowl, hood {bat); — aAtt. a 
crested, tufted; —Ka/ cowl, hood; crest; 
CJitAi> A^JKA-b — Ka, there are many 
ways after it is too late; — qe n dim 
small cowl; small crest; pappus {bot). 

Kdma / gruel, pap; stew, mess; hash, 
hodge-podge {fig); opnaoBa — , rice 
gruel; npaaa na — , to make into gruel 
or pap (for babies^; to make a mess (of 
an affair, fig); — Bdpb m army cook; 
— B-b a pappy, pulpy, soft; — mHua / 
dim water-gruel, gruel-porridge, pap. 

Kauiaji6T-b m cashalot {zool). 

KamKaB&ji-b m kashkaval, yellow cheese. 

K^uiKaM-b va to stir, poke, play with, 
make a mess of. 

KamjiMB-b a having a cough. 

KduijiHM-b va to cough up; vn to cough, 
have a cough; He Atftre ce — Jia, don't 
be coughing! mhofo — jih, he coughs a 
great deal; — jiene n coughing, cough. 

KaiujiHua / cough; MarapemKara — , 
hooping-cough; cyxara — , dry cough. 

KainiMipa ce v noAHrpasaM-b ce. 



KamMiipi> m cashmere; — poB-b a cash- 
mere (Shawl), of cashmere. 

kAh ce vpr to regret, be sorry for, re- 
pent, rue; to confess one's sins; me ce 
— ere, you will regret it, will be sorry 
for it; — e ce aa rptxoBer-b ch, he 
repents, confesses his sins; — ene n 
regreting, ruing, repenting; regret, re- 
pentance; penitence, compuction, con- 
trition; remorse; — em* ce pres p re- 
penting, repentant, penitent (sinner). 

KBaAp^HT-b m quadrant {astron). 

KBaApdT-b m square; quadrat {typ); — 
Ten-b a quadratic (equation), square 
(root); — Typa / quadrature, squaring 
(of the circle); — qe n din quadrat; 
small square. 

KBaApHAHdH-b m quadrillion {math). 

KB^KaiMi. vn to croak {of frogs), quack, 
cluck {of hens); — qene n croaking, 
quacking, clucking; croak; —qemtp/"^^ 
p croaking; clucking. 

KBaKep-b m Quaker. 

KBapr^-b m quarter, ward, section (of a 
city. 

KBapT^HTb m quarto {typ). 

KB^prep-b-AeK-b m quarter-deck {naui). 

KBapT^Ti* m quartet; — reHi. a quartet 
(singing), of quartet. 

KBaprupa / lodging, room, house-room; 
room (naat), lodgement {mil); ta* e aa 
— , where does he stop? where does he 
room? CT. rjiaana — , with head- 
quarters; — p^HTT. m lodger, roomer, 
inmate; —pern, a lodging (facilities), 
of lodging, of quarters; quarter (master). 

KBapTHpyBaMi. vn to lodge; to quarter 
{mil); —He n lodging; quartering; can- 
tonment, lodgement {mil). 

Ksapu-b m quartz {min); — uobt, a quartz, 
of quartz; quartzy. 

KB^psi va to spoil, corrupt, deprave. 

KBaci> m leaven, yeast; barm, lees; hhbo 
— , kvas (drink); Cea-b — , unleavened 
(bread); rypflMT. — , to put leaven or 
yeast (in the paste); — c6ub m dim a 
little leaven or yeast. 

KBdcH va to sour (milk) artificially; — ce 
vpr to be soured, get sour; to sour; — 
cene n souring; — cen-b a sour (milk); 
— cem-b pres p; — hiikt. m round of 
bread, loaf of bread. 

KBdqa vn to cluck {of hens), to croak 
{of frogs); — qene n clucking; croaking; 
— qem* pres p. 



230 



KBaqKa/ clucking hen, brood-hen, brooder; 

Pleiads, the SeVen Stafs {astr). 
KB^CTop-b m questor; treasurer; — ckh a 

questor's, of a questor; — rypa / ques- 

torship. 
KBHHT^T-b m quintet. 
KBHT^HitHH / receipt, qyittance. 
KBHTi> m quit; T-b ci& — • they are quits. 
KBH interj quee {of a pig)\ 
KBHqA vn to squeal {of a pig), whine {of 

<i dog); — qcHc n squealing, squeaking; 

squeal; — qem* pres p. 
Ke<San'b mt patted sausage. 
K€Ki,p-h m cedar (tree); — poB-b a cedar, 

cedarn, of cedar. 
Keatfn-b mt carbolic acid. 
KeA m quay. 
K^KBB-b a feeble, weak, infirm; awkward; 

—BO ad — ly; — bocti» / feebleness; 

awkwardness. 
Ke^enHpi. mt great bargain; anything of 

value. 
K^KepHua /; xcaGa — , frog {pop). 
Ke^i^pi m cellar, store-room. 
K^JiHepi* m waiter; — pnua / waitress. 
KCJib m scab, scurf, scabs, mange; — 

jiaseu-b m scabby person, scab; — Jia- 

BOCTb, — jiasuiHHa / scabbiness, scurf- 

iness; — Ka / scurf, scab, scabs; — qo 

m scab, scabby man; — ji^csaM'b vn 

to grow scabby. 
Kejiiia / cell; — IfKa / dim a little cell, 

cell, cellule. 
KeMCHi nt fiddle, violin {pop). 
KeM^pi} m money-belt. 
KeBr^po n kangaroo {zool). 
KeHCBHlp-b m sacking, canvas; — peHi> a 

sacking, canvas, of sacking or can- 
vas. 
KepajM^Aa / tile; — MHAeu-b a tile (roof), 

of tile; — A^p-b m tiler, tile-maker; — 

qHfluHua / tile-kiln. 
Kap^MHKa / ceramics. 
KcpB^H'b m caravan 
KepBHS-b m celery {bof). 
KepecT^ nt timber. 
KipHHO-dKO n devil's claw {bot). 
KcpKCiji^a-b mt V acTpe6-b. 
Kepniiq-b mt unbaked brick. 
Kicapb m Caesar. 
KecHfl// purse, pocket-book; — liKa/ dim 

small purse, a nice little pocket-book. 
K^cTCH-b m chestnut; — H^K-b m chestnut 

grove; — HeBO flipao m chestnut-tree; 

— HCBb a chestnut (colo(u)r). 



Ke<l>djn> m bullhead (zoo/). 

Ke6djii> mt V nopaiqHTejib. 

Keqi-b mt keff, good spirits, pleasure; 
will; fiesT. — , ill-disposed, in bad spir- 
its; paSoTH c-b — , he works cheer- 
fully, his work is a pleasure to him; 
TaK-bBV my — x-b, such is his whim or 
will; — jiHH a in good humo(u)r or spir- 
its, well-disposed. 

KexjiH6ip-b mt v HHrapi.. 

KH6pitT-b m matches; — tcht. a match 
(box). 

KHBdr-b m ark; — tt. Bomch, the ark of 
the Lord. 

KHKdT-b m giggle, giggling, laugh; — rene 
n giggling, laughing; — th ce vpr to 
giggle. 

KHjia, — BHH^, — -BocTb / rupture, hernia; 
— jiaB-b a ruptured, having hernia. 

KHji^p-b m cellar, store-room. 

KHJiHM-b m carpet; — MdpcTBo m tapes- 
try. 

KHJiH(|idp'b m tadorna, shelldrake {zool). 

KHJIHfl V KCJiaa. 

KHJiKaM-b va to tip, rock, wave, move to 
and fro; — ce vpr to rock; to be rocked, 
tossed, tipped; —He n rocking, rolling, 
tipping. 

KHJ16 nt forty okes or fifty kilograms {of 
wheat). 

KHjiorpiM'b m kilogram(me); litre {of li- 
quids). 

KHJiOM^rbp-b m kilometer; — piiqecKH a 
kilometric. 

KHMBaM-b vn to nod, beckon with the 
head; to wink; to aim, take aim (with 
a gun); — Ha My, he winked at him, 
beckoned to him with a nod; —He rt 
beckoning; winking; aiming, taking aim; 
wink; — Ha;i-b pp. 

KHMfldHi. m coriander, cumin, caraway 
seed. 

KHHa / quinquina {bot), Peruvian bark. 

KHHHHa / quinine; — Hos-b a quinine 
(pills). 

KHHOB^pi, m vermilion, cinnabar. 

KHnapHCb m cypress; — cobt. a cypress 
(tree). 

KHn(Hy)BaM'b vn to boil over, run over, 
rise in bubbles; jiecHO — aa, he gets 
easily enraged, easily bursts with anger; 
—He n boiling over; — uaji-b pp boiled 
over; boiling (with rage), highly ex- 
cited. 

KHH* vn to boil, boil over, froth, effer- 



KHpaA>KHJI 



231 



Kilome 



vesce; to run over, Pgush out, bubble, 
rise in bubbles; Katpero — hh, the 
coffee is boiling over; — hh My Kpisb- 
ra, his blood is boiling; — nii oTb »- 
pocTb, he is boiling or bursting with 
rage; , — nene n boiling over, efferves- 
cing (of beer), frothing; bubbling; — >neui-b 
pres p boiling over boiling, seething; 
a t>oiling (water), boiling hot, scalding. 

KHpaAWHH mt driver; carrier; tenant (of 
a house), dweller, lodger. 

KHp£qi> mt V Bap-b. 

KHpiuiHua / Cyrillic Alphabet. 

KHp^a // rent; fare, hire; freightage; CKiR.- 
na — , high rent (for a house); AasaM-b 
K^ma noa.-b — , to let a house, 

KHpniiq-b V KepnHq-b. 

KHp-b mt filth, filthiness, dirt (on clothes); 
— jiHBi> a dirty (clothes), filthy; soiled, 
unwashed; — jihbh va to dirty, soil. 

KHcejieu-b m sorrel (bot). 

KHcejiHHd / acidity, sourness, acidness, 
tartness; acid; — ra ua jiHiMona, the 
acidity of the lemon; cfepna — , sul- 
phuric acid; asoTua — , vitric acid; 
Kap6oJiOBa — , carbolic acid; jihmo- 
HOBa — , citric acid; 6opoBa —, bor- 
acic acid; B^rjiena — , carbonic acid; 
oitexHa — , acetic acid. 

KHceJiHua / sour-apple. 

KHcejiHq'bK-b a dim a little sour; — ko 
ad a little sour or sourish. 

KHceJiOKi. m wood-sorrel {bot). 

KHcejii> a sour; acid, acetous; — BKyci>, 
sour taste; — jio scJie, sour-kraut; — Jio 
MJi-feKo, sour milk (artificially prepared); 
— jia KpacraBHqKa, pickled cucumber; 
— norjieAi>i sour look, long face. 

KHcejiin vn to grow sour, turn sour; to 
taste sourish; —He n growing or turn- 
ing sour, tasting sour; — emi. pres p. 

KHceji^B-b a sourish, rather sour, some- 
what sour; — BOCTb/ acidity, sourness, 
sour taste. 

KHceJi^K'b m sour fruit, soured stuff. 

KHCHfl V KeCHIi. 

KHCKaM-b ce vpr to te-hee, titter, giggle; 

caMO ce —TT., they do nothing but giggle; 

— He ft te-heeing, giggling, tittering; 

te-hee. 
khcjiob6ti> a sourish, tartish; — TOCTb / 

sourness, sourish taste. 
KHCjiopdA'b m oxygen; — acht. a oxygen 

gas), of oxygen. 



KHCJidra /lacid {chem\ acidity, sonr- 
ness; v KHcejiHHa. 

KHCHa va to soak, steep (in water), soften 
(by steeping), ret (hemp); vn iia be 
leavened; to sour .turn sour, rise, be/aised 
{of bread); to remain too long in a 
place, lounge; — nene n soaking, steep- 
ing; leavening, rising {of bread); — 
Hajii. ppp soaked, steeped; leavened, 
raised; — Heucb pres p. 

KHT^lpa / guitar; cBHpn na —f to play 
on a guitar. 

KHTHjio n toilette, attire, dress, finery. 

K^TKa / bouquet, nosegay; wrist, fore- 
wrist (anat); tuft, bunch; paint-brush; 
— i^B-bTe, bouquet of flowers; — Mafl- 
Aauocbt a bunch of parsley; okojio — 
ra Ha p^Kara My, around his wrist; 
— qnua/ dim a small bouquet, a pretty 
little nosegay. 

KHTeji-b m white uniform (mil). 

KHTpa / cedrat (tree). 

KHT-b/n whale; — TOBHAeHi. a cetaceous; 
— TOB-b a whale (bone), cetaceous, cetic 
(acid); — TOJidBem. a whale (boat); — 
TojidBeu'b m whale-man, whale-fisher; 
— toji5bctbo n whaling, whale -fishing, 
whale-fishery. 

KHTH va to deck, bedeck, trim, set off, 
dress, adorn; — ce vpr to be decked, 
bedecked, dressed; to deck, adorn one- 
self; MHoro ce — TH, he is very fond 
of his toilette; — reHe n decking, be- 
decking, adorning; toilette; — remi. 
pres p. 

KH(})jia / roll (of bread). 

KHx(Hy>BaM-b vn to sneeze; —nen sneez- 
ing; sneeze; — najn, pp; — xtlBHi^a / 
sneezing, sneezing fit, sternutation; — 
x^rejieH-b a sneezing, for sneezing, 
sternutative, sternutatory (powder). 

Kiiqa V khth; — qecTb a branchy, ram- 
ous, twiggy, shady (tree). 

kriqcp-b m tuft, bunch, cluster; — qe n 
dim a small bunch or cluster. 

KHuia / sloppy weather, rainy weather; 
— B-b, — uidsen-b a rainy, sloppy 
(weather); — socTb / raininess, sloppi- 
ness. 

KiimHHui-b m coriander {bof). 

Kfl6paB-b at V cji-fen-b. 

KfldnaB-b at infirm, awkward. 

Kfloc4 nt a beardless person. 

Kfioui6 nt mr-bJi-b, 



kNouiki> 



232 



KfldinK-b mt kiosk; Hjiah3i> — , Yildiz- 
Kiosk. 

K^iaGoAAHi. mt golden or silver thread, 
filigrane. 

kaAbhuii. m key, stop (of a piano, etc); 
—axypa / key-frame, claviary, keys, 
finger-board. 

Kji^Aa va to make, kindle, light or build 
a fire; — ce vpr to be made, built (of 
fire); mahho ce —0.6 orbHb ct. rtan 
Jl-bpaa, it is hard work to build fire with 
such kind of wood; — hc n making or 
building a fire; — Aetu-b pres p. 

KA&jia f log, . trunk (of a tree); stocks, 
shackles; Typnaxa HM-b HoaeT-fe B-b — 
AH, their feet were put in stocks; — 
Aaua / dim a small log. 

KJiiAsaM-b V rypHM-b. 

KJi&jieHen-b m well, draw-well; fountain; 
apresHaHCKH — , artesian well; — qea-b 
a well, spring (water). 

KiaAHBO n fire-wood, fire-brand, kind- 
ling-wood. 

KJi^AHHua / morel (mushroom). 

KJiaAH^ / hay-stack, rick, hay-rick. 

K^iajii* app V KOJiH. 

KJiaH^ n slaughter, killing, massacre; — 
Ha M<HBOTHH, slaughter of animals; 
EaTauiKOTo — , the Batack Massacre; 
— HHua / slaughter; animals for slaugh- 
ter. 

K.ian-b ppp V KOJisi. 

KidHflM-b ce vpr to bow, make a bow, 
bend low (in worship); to worship; to 
salute, greet; rp-feCBa as ce — Me nptAi* 
Bora, we must bow before God, wor- 
ship God; -—Me iwy ce aa tosh my 
noABHrb, we bow before him for this 
exploit of his; — ne n bowing, making 
a bow, kneeling (in church,', adoring 
(God); — HemT,cepre5 p bowing, mak- 
ing a bow; worshipping. 

Kniina. f valve (mech); key (of a flute); 
np'bAnasHTejiHa — , safety-valve; — 
HHuta, — nnqKa / dim a small valve. 

KnAntiM-h va to shake, rattle (a box); vn 
to rattle; to shake, be loose; to cluck 
(of hens); MaiuHHara MHoro — na,the 
machine rattles a great deal; — na my 
HHBHsiTa, one of his wheels is off (pop); 
He My — Hysa B-b yMa, he can't think of 
it; — ce vpr to be shaken, rattled; -- 
He n rattling, shaking; rattles; —rdp- 
(hhk)!. m tin-bell; rattler, 

KA^HKa / clap-bell; jingle-bell. 



KJiapH^T-b m clarinet; — riicrb m cla- 
rinet player. 

K;iacHK'b m classic; classic writer; — uh- 
s-bM-b m classicism; — mcht., — qecKH 
a classic, — al. 

KAacH(})HuiipaMb ya to classify; — ce 
vpr to be classified; —He n classifying; 
classification; h K;iacH(})HKauHti; — hi* 
ppp classified. 

KAac-b m class, form (in school); raak; 
division; B-b — , in class, in the class- 
room; yqeHHK-b ott> 1-tt — , a pupil 
of the first form; — cen-b a class, 
gymnasia (teacher), of class; — cos'b a 
class (distinction). 

KAac-b m ear (of corn, etC), spike, sprig; 
class, glean, bunch; — cecT-b a full- 
eared, eared; — cene n earing; — ceiu-b 
pres p V KJiacn; — CHua / comprey 
(bot), floss (of the maize); — coBUAen-b 
a spicate; — coB-b a of ear, of spike, 
of spicula; — ca vn to ear, spike, form 
into ears, shoot into ears. 

kaAtsi va to shake, rock; — r;iaBa, to 
chake one's head; ne — rdre, don't 
shake; — ce vpr to shake, rock, swing 
(in walking), swing oneself about; to 
waggle, jog on; to be shaken, jolted; 
A-bpBOTO ce — TH, the tree is shaking; 
3A.6-b MM ce — TH, one of my teeth is 
loose; — TCHe n shaking, jolting, rock- 
ing, tipping (of a ship); oscillation; — 
reiuKOM-b, — TeuiK^ra ad h — rem-b ce 
pres p waggling, jogging, swinging; — 
TH K&na m saunterer; — th uidnKO m 
fawner; — jiHB-b a shaky, rocky, un- 
steady; — TyKaM-b ce vpr to waggle, 
jog on, swing oneself about; to linger, 
lag behind. 

KA^yaa / clause. 

KjiauiHHK-b m a long coarse woolen gab- 
ardine. 

KJieBeT^ / slander, calumny, libel; defa- 
mation; Mp-bCHa — , downright lie; aa- 
BOKAaM-b A*Jio 3a — , to bring an 
action for defamation of character; — 
AHB-b a slanderous. 

K.neB^THHKb m, — HHua / slanderer, cal 
umniator; — qecKH a slanderous, cal 
umnious, libellous; of libel; ad calum 
niously, slanderously; — qeCTBo n cal 
umnation, slander, calumny, defamation 

Kn^B^Tn va to slander, calumniate, tra 
duce, defame, black-bite, blacken, ac 
cuse, belie; to inform, report, tell on 






K;ieif 



— ce vpr to be slandered, calumniated, 
detamed; lo slander each other; — Tene 
n slandering, calumniating; defama- 
tion, libel, calumny; — tcht. ppp slan- 
dered, calumniated. 

Kjiefl m glue paste, size; gluten, gela- 
tine; lime; HaMaasaM-b cb — , to glue, 
rub with glue; — cbt. a glue (water), 
gluing (cramp), of glue; — ecTi. a 
gluey, gluish; sticky, resinous, viscous; 
— KOBiiHa / gluten, lime-stuff, gum; — 
KOCTb / glueyness, viscossity, viscous- 
ness, glutinosity; — hhki> m glue-pot; 
astragal {bot). 

KiH^tlKa / V xBoitHa. 

KjiefiMo m brand, stigma, stamp, mark; 
—•Miivaio brand, stigmatise (-tize); —Mi. 
ce vpr to be branded, stigmatised; to 
brand or stigmatise each other; — mc- 
He n branding, stigmatising. 

Hji^KA f leg disease (among the geese). 

Kji^KasHHe n deadly night-shade, t)el- 
ladonna {bot). 

Kji^Kaei. a feeble, weak, decrepit; awk- 
ward; — Beui> m weakling; — SHna, 
— BocTb / feebleness, weakness, decrep- 
itude; awkwardness. 

KJi^KHysaM-b vn to squat, sit down upon 
the hams or heels; —He n squatting; 
— Hafl-b ppp squatted (in dancing); 
squatting. 

Kfleu-b m maple-tree; saxapHH — , sugar- 
maple; — HOB-b a maple (sugar), of 
maple, aceric. 

K;iend.jio n sounding-board, board bell; 
clatter-box, chatterer {figy, —to Chc 
3a qepKBa, the bell is tolling for church 
{in the villages); — ndqKa /, — nim. m 
an idle tattler, slanderer. 

KJien^q-b m eyelid; — »ie n dim a little 
eyelid; — qem. a eyelid, of eyelid. 

KJi£n(Hy)BaM'b (-Ha) z/n to wink; to droop, 
hang down; oko my hc —Ha, he didn't 
even wink; Cb — Ha.nH ymH, with his 
ears hanging down or drooping; — ne n 
winking; drooping; — naji-b ppp winked; 
a drooping (ears). 

KJi^nKa / eyelash; eyelid; cb OTBopeHH 
— KH, with one's eyes open. 

KJienoyxi. a flap-eared, with hanging ears; 
m a flap-eared pig, etc; a sloth (fig). 

KJi^nH va to beat upon a sounding board, 
toll (for church); to beat down, to thin, 
sharpen (a hammer, etc); vn to walk 
in the mud; to clatter, chatter (fig); — 



» KJIHMBaMl. 

ce vpr to be thinned, beaten thin or 
down; neKa ch — ne, let him go on 
chattering; —He thinning, beating down 
(the edge of a hoe, etc); chattering; 
chatter; — nem-b pres p. 

KJi^TBa / oath; vow; curse, malediction; 
ji-biKJiHBa — , false oath; qepKOBua 
— , anathema; noAi> — . under oath; 
Cb — , by oath; AasaMi. — , to be 
sworn, take an oath; to vow (vengeance); 
HapyuiaBaiM-b — ra ch, to break one's 
oath;oTpHqaMi> ce ott.- , to foreswear; 
— BHTt My ce H3ni>;iHHxa, his curses 
were realised (-ized); -Bent a oath 
(breaking), sworn (statement), attested, 
affirmed by an oath or upon oath. 

KjieTBonp-fecT^neH-b a foresworn, per- 
jurious, perjured; —ho ad falsely; —^6- 
HHe n perjury, oath-breaking, foreswear- 
ing. 

K.neTBonp-kcT;R.nHHK-b m v KjierBOMa- 
pyuiHTe;ib. 

KJieTBonp-bcTiilnHHqecTBo n v KjierBo- 
uapyuieHHe. 

Kji^TKa / cage {of u bird), cell {anaty, 
— T-bMeH-b a cell, cellular, cellulose. 

KJi^TKHKi. m unfortunate, poor fellow; 
— HHua / poor woman, wretched wom- 
an; — HHuiKH a wretched, miserable 
(existence). 

KACT-b a cursed, miserable, unhappy, un- 
fortunate; poor, wretched; — th ho- 
BtKi., poor fellow! — xa wy Ayuia 
npoKJiera, thrice cursed is he. 

KntH&T^ m dittany (bot); — raC-bp-b m 
witch-elm {bot). 

KJi^qKa m piece of wood, splinter, chip, 
cleave; peg; pin; shiver, shive; — kh- 
6pHTi>, a match; — aa 3/^6h, tooth- 
pick; — 3a saSHsaHe, peg, pin; — kh 
pi chips, splinters; shoe-pegs; — qnua / 
dim a piece of wood, chip, splinter; peg. 

KJieui^K-b m claw (of crabs, etc); double- 
fruits, congemination. 

KJiH^HT-b m client; patient {med ; — ckh 
a client's, patient's, of clients; — r^Jia 
/ clientship, clientele. 

KJIHKaMb V BHKaM-b. 

KJiHK-b m cry, call, shout. 

KjiHMBaM-b vn to tip on one side, tip 
over; to nod (in sleep), doze; to beckon, 
wink; to droop; TOBap-bTi. — maa, the 
load tips on one side, is tipping over; 
— MHa CT. rjiaBa,he beckoned with his 
head, nodded; cb — najia rjiasa, with 



KJIIMST-b 



234 



drooping head; — hc n tipping on one 
side, tipping over; nodding, beckoning; 
drooping {of one's head ; —Ham ppp 
tipping on oneside; drooping; — m^ji.o n 
t>eaiii, lift (for a well-bucicet); paving- 
beetle. 

kjihmAtv m climate; — xAqecKH a cli- 
matic, — al. 

KJiHMaTHsyBaM'b va to acclimate, accli- 
matise (-tize); — ce vpr to be acclimated; 
— Be n acclimatisation. 

KJiHiiHH / linchpin, peg, pin. 

K^iHH^BHqe / salep {bof). 

KJiHHeu-b m wedge; horse-nail; — i<h pi 
horse-nails. 

KAfiBHKa / clinic; — uiiqecKH a clinic, 
-al. 

KJiHHKaM-b vn to trot; — ue trotttng; — 
KAvb m trot. 

tumtniuio n slut, sloven, sluggard. 

KAHH-b m wedge (mechj; spike, prow, 
gusset, pen, pig; quoin (typ); — HecTb 
a wedge-shaped; — uoBHAeH-b a cunei 
form (characters), cuneate, sphenoidal; 
— qe n dim small wedge, peg, pin. 

KJiHoaB-b V cAa6-b. 

KjiHca / clay; — bt. a clayey, dayish, 
doughy, half-baked (bread); weak, fee- 
ble (person). 

KJiHc&pb md sexton, sacristan, beadle; — 
CKH a sexton's, of a sexton; — ctbo n 
sextonship. 

KJiHiu^ n woodcut, engraving on wood. 

KJiHTop'b m clitoris (anat). 

KAHCTHpHa / scraper (agr). 

K;iHCTHp-b m lavement, clyster (med). 

KjiHcypa fg defile, gorge, pass. 

Kji6KaM-b, — k6th z;nto bubble, boil, rise 
in bubbles; — ne, — Kdrene n bubbling, 
boiling fast, gushing; h KJioKdr-b; — 
Kdreui'b pres p. 

KAOH-b m branch; line, department, agen- 
cy; cyxT> — , dry twig; 6aHKOBi> — ., 
branch of a bank; no tosh — , in that 
line, department; — Hdrb, — necTb, — 
qecTb a branchy, twiggy, ramose, shady 
(tree); — qe n dim small branch, twig, 
bough; Mac^iHHeHO — qe, olive branch. 

KJidHH vn to incline, tend, lean, bend, be 
disposed, inclined; Tofl — hh K-bMi. 
nacb, he is disposed to take our side; 
AbpHcaBara — hh KbM-b nponaAane, 
the state is going to ruin; — neue n 
inclining, leaning, tending; inclination, 
disposition; — neucb pres p. 



K;idnaMi> vn to boil, bubble, t)oil in bub- 
bles; to rattle; to cluck (of hens); to 
chatter, babble (fig); —ne n bubbling; 
rattling; clucking; chattering, chatter. 

KJidnKa / trap; jiobs cb — , to trap. 

Kjidqa vn to gurgle (of liquids), bubble; 
— qene n gurgling; gurgle; — qem"b 
pres p- 

KJidqKa / V KBaqKa. 

KJiy6i> m club; — CoB-b a club (house), 
club's (premises), of a club. 

KJiyn-b m noose, slip-knot. 

KJi-bBHa va, — najib app, — nar-b ppp v 

K-bJlBH. 

KJiiKaM-b vn to squat, stoop low (in 
dancing); — ne n squatting, stooping; 
— HHua / squatting; —najii* ppp squat- 
ting, sitting on his hams or heels. 

KA'bfl'b V KJiewb. 

KJltTKa V KJICTKa. 

Kji-feqKa V KjieqKa. 

K;iiqa ce vpr to stare; — qene n star- 
ing; stare; — qemi. ce pres p staring, 
gazing; — qo m starer, gaper. 

KJi4iuH pi pincers, pinchers; tongs; ko- 
BaqecKH — , smith^tongs; aoktopckh 
— , forceps. 

k;ik>b^ V K-bjiBa. 

K.nK5Ka / gossip; slander, calumny; in- 
trigue, scandal, piece of gossip. 

KJiioKdpb m gossip, tell-tale, slanderer, 
defamer; — ckh a gossipping, babbling 
(disposition), (piece) of gossip; —ctbo 
n gossip, babble, tattle, blackbiting, 
calumny; intrigues; — CTByaain. vn 
to gossip, babble, tattle, slander. 

KJIIOMaM'b V KJIHMBaMl>. 

KjiiOH-b m bill, beak, neb (of a bird); — 
qe n dim a small bill or beak; a 
pretty beak or bill. 

KJiK5ca / noose; knot; Ha — , in the form 
of a noose; in a knot. 

KJiidcaHHua / trot; na — , trotting, ia 
a trot. 

Kjifocd n unbroken colt. 

KJiioq^jiKa / latch, door-latch, latch-lock; 
— q^jiqnua/ dim a small latch; a pretty 
latch. 

KJiioqdpb m door-keeper, house-keeper, 
butler; sacristan, beadle; warden (of a 
prison); key-maker, lock-smith; — ckh 
a locksmith's, of a locksmith; —ctbo n 
sacristanship; locksmith's trade. 

Knroqb m key; clef (mus); bubble; B-bp- 



KJiinGue 



23S 



KQBqeXCHHK-b 



3oni> — qoBe, a bunch ot keys; spa 
Ha — , to boil in bubbles; rypiiM-b — , 
to lock (a door); •— qHua / collar-bone, 
clavicle (anaf); — Jie n dim a small 
key, a little key. 

KJiAi.6u6 n dim clew, ball; knob; — kohuh, 
a ball of thread, skein; v k«.ji6o. 

KMeTi> m mayor; — THua / mayoress; 
mayor's wife; — ckh a mayor's, of a 
mayor; — ctbo n mayoralty; city-hall, 
town-hall; — TyeaMi. vn to be a may- 
or, hold the oflice of mayor. 

KHHra / book; paper; volume; letter; 
study; sjiarHa — , golden book; gilded 
paper; ceemeHHH — rH» sacred books; 
HrpajiHH — FH, playing-cards; — fh- 
T-b AOCTaBjiflBaTi> sHaHHe, books or 
studies help towards the acquirement 
of knowledge. 

KHHroB^AeHe n book-keeping; — mrenb 
m book-keeper. 

KHHroBtseu'b m book-binder; — HHi<a / 
bindery; — ctbo n bindery; binding. 

KHHroHsMTejib m publisher; —ckh a 
publisher's, of a publisher; publishing 
(business); —ctbo n publishing company 
or firm; publishing business or trade. 

KHHroneq^raue n typography, printing; 
— TeHT. a printing, typographical. 

KHHronpOA^Beq-b m book-seller; — hhub 
/ book-shop, book seller's shop, book- 
store. 

KHHiKdpb m book-seller; — ckh a book- 
seller's, of a book-seller; book-store (ne- 
cessities); —CTBO n book selling, book- 
seller's business. 

KHH^K^Beni. V KHHWOBeU-b. 

KHHM<eHi> a paper (factory), of paper; book 
(trade), stationary (shop); lettered.iearned. 

KflH>KHua, — Ka / dim a piece of paper; 
pamphlet, booklet; sheet, film; third 
stomach (of ruminates). 

KHH>KHHK-b m learned man; book-man. 

KHH>KHHHd / literature. 

KHH»6BeHi> a learned, literary (society); 
— HHKT. a literary man, learned man, 
man of letters or erudition; — hoctb/ 
learning, erudition; literature. 

KHnsb m prince; — riiHa / princess; — 
M<ecKH / prince's (crown), of a prince; 
princely, princelike (character); ad like 
a prince; — jkcctbo n principality, prince- 
dom; — ayBBM-b vn to reign as prince; 
be a prince; — m6 n dim little prince, 



young prince. 

KoajiiiuHa / coalition. 

KoG^jiT'b m cobalt (min). 

Ko6Hjia / mare; — Ka / dim filly. 

Ko6HjiHua / cowlstaff, crooked bar (for 
carrying water, etc). 

Ko6ypi> mt pistol-case. 

KOBd va to forge, hammer; to nail; to 
shoe fhorses); to pick (a mill-stone); to 
fabricate, concoct (stories); — bh jkc- 
Ji-bsoTO AorAt e ropemo, strike the 
fron while red-hot; T-b — b^tt. T'bsH 
HOBHHH, this news is of their own 
invention; — ce vpr to be forged, 
hammered; to be nailed; to be shoed; 
to be picked; to be malleable; MceJit- 
30T0 ce — b6, the iron is malleable; — 
He n forging (metals), hammering, 
nailing, shoeing (a horse), picking (a 
mill-stone); — adjina / forge, smithy; 
— B^HHua / sweepings, first flour (after 
picking a mill-stone); — b^hi. ppp forged; 
shoed; picked; a wrought, hammered 
(iron, etc); — aaub / forge, malleation; 
retract (of horses); — bcuit. pres p. 

KOBdBaiH'b cond v kobb. 

KOB^peni* a wily, crafty, insidious, treach- 
erous; —HO ad wilily, craftily, insid- 
iously, treacherously; — HOCTb / — 
CTBO n cunning, craft, insidiousness, 
treachery; — CTByaaMi. vn to be cun- 
ning, use craft, play the insidious or 
treacherous man. 

KOB^PCKH V KOBapen-b. 

KOBdq-b m blacksmith, forger, smith, 
farrier; shoer (of horses); — mcckh a 
blacksmith's (shop), of a blacksmith, 
smith (craft), forge (bellows), wrought 
(iron); — mcctbo n smithcraft, black- 
smith's trade; — hhub / blacksmith's 
shop, smithy, forge; iron-works. 

KOBHJi-b m feather-grass; — jiecTb a cov- 
ered with feather-grass. 

kobji^ah V KJieseTsi. 

Kora ad when; — me AoflACTe? when 
will you come? — Ctuie tobb, when 
was that? 

Kda-bK-b a malleable; — KOCTb / ness, 
malleability. 

KOBq6r-b m casket, box, chest-box; ark; 
HoeBHHT-b — , Noah's ark; — rbTi. 
rocnoACH-b, the ark of the Lord; Ty- 
pHM-b B-b — 3H, to box, put in boxes. 

KOBM^iKHHK-b m treasurer, cash- keeper, 
cashier; — hcckh a treasurer's, cashier's; 



KOtro 



treasury; —HtCTSon treasurership; trea- 
sury, exchequer. 
KorAro c when, whenever; as, while; if; 

— JKCJiaeTC, whenever you wish; — mm 
ce HSBtcTH, when I shall be informed; 

— 6txi> oBsapHH-b, when I was 
a shepherd; — HAeuie, as he was 
coming, while he was coming; H-bMa 
Aa Bh roBopii — Me HepaafiRparet 
I will not talk to you if you don't un- 
derstand me; — uapyaauie, in the 
reign of. 

acoriuieH-b a how old, since when, of 
what time; — e to3M xa%6i>, how old 
is this bread? 

Kor6 ace pron whom; — naKaaaxa, 
whom did they punish?— uie ■ jGepari., 
whom will they choose? H36epeTe — 
TO 6h;io, choose whomever you like, 
anybody you please, no matter whom; 
—TO Borb o6Hqa HaKaasa, whom 
Qod loves he chastens. 

Korytipik m cougar, American panther. 

KOA5m-b m match-maker; procurer. 

KdAa / coda (mus). 

KdACKCb m code; digest. 

KOAH(t)MK&uHa / codiiication. 

Ko^-A'b ad where, any place, anywhere; 
SHaeTCJiH- e, do you know where the 
things are? — 611J10, in any place. 

KO^-KaK-b ad how, no matter how; Bne 
3HaeTe — t, you know how the mat- 
ter stands; — 6hjio, no matter how. 

Koe<|)Hu^HT-b m coefficient {math), 

Kbxca / skin, hide, pelt, leather; peel (of 
fruit), derma {anat); cyposa —$ hide; 
H3pa6oTeHa — , leather; jiaK-b — , 
patent leather; bhacjio — , dressing 
leather; mtjnA — , tanned leather; 
cBHHCKa — , sward; — h kocth, skin 
and bones; BapAfl cm —Tat to take 
care of oneself (pop); — iKem. a leather 
(market), leathern (bag), of leather, skin 
(disease), cutaneous (secretion), pelt 
(monger); — iKccTb a skinny, leathery, 
thick-skinned; — >KHita, — xcnqKa / 
dim pelicle, cuticle, scarfskin; film; skin 
(Of fruits). 

KOMcApb m tanner; currier; — HHua / 
tan-yard, tannery; — ckh a tanner's, ot 
a tanner; — ctbo n tannery, the bus- 
iness of a tanner. 

KoiKyp^u-b m chrysalis; cocoon, kell. 

KOHcyxApb m furrier, fur-dresser, leather 
dresser; — UHua / furriery, furrier's shop; 



fur-dressing; —ckh a furrier's, of a fur- 
rier; fur (trade); —ctbo n furriery, fur- 
dressing, fur-business. 

Koxcyx-b m pelisse, fur, pelt; furred-coat; 
— qe n dim a small furred-coat; a nice 
furred-coat; orb — , fur, furred, lined 
with fur. 

K03i / goat, she-goat; — 3<ipKO m goat- 
herd (pop); —sApbm goatherd; — 34*i-b 
m red-star (omith); — 3eB-b a goat, of 
a goat; — 3eKp<iK-b a goat -footed; — 
3eK'b m coarse- carpet (made of goat's 
hair;; — s^ji-b m he-goat, billy-goat, 
buck-goat; — sepdri. m Capricorn (<w/r); 
— aeoiKH, — 3H a goat's (skin), of a 
goat, goat (footed); — 3h AflBOJi-b m 
carbuncle; — 3h uhukh pi wall flower 
{bot); — 3BHa / goat's ha.r; animal- 
hair; — SHHCB-b a of goat's hair, goat's 
hair; — SHua /dim a little goat; — Ji6, — 
ji^Hi^e n dim a little kid, kid, cheveril. 

K03M^THKa / cosmetic; — tmicckh a 
cosmetic. 

K03MordHHii / cosmogony. 

K03MorpA(}}Hfi / cosmography; — <}>ii4eH-b 
— (l>H>iecKH a cosmographic, — al. 

K03Moji5rHii / cosmology; — riiqeHb, — 
rifqecKH a cosmologic, — al. 

K03MonoJiHT'b m cosmopolite, cosmopol- 
itan; — T^HCKH a cosmopolitan (world). 

K63MOCb m cosmos. 

K03yHAK-b m bun. 

K03n-6paAd / goat's beard; goat's rue 
(bot). 

K63a ce vpr to kid; — acHC n kidding; 
— sem-b ce pres p. 

Kofl (—4, —6; — H pi) interrog pron who 
(of persons;, which (of animals and 
things); — e toM, who is he? — 6 Ky- 
we, which dog; — fi uianna nptAno- 
HHTare, which hat do yoa preler? —A 
e OHaa >KeHa TaM-b, what woman is 
that one over there? — h ca Tt3H xopa, 
who are those people, what people are 
those? 

koHto (— sto, — 6to; — hto pi) rel pron 
whoever, whichever, whatever, no mat- 
ter who, which or what; who, which, 
what; whom; koHto wejiae, whoever 
wishes; "Toa-b koBto naAHe bt. 60JI 
sa CBo6oAa", he who falls fighting for 
liberty; kohto Aa e or-b TtsH weHH, 
any one of these women; BcbKott koAto 
MHCJiH T'bH, every one who thinks thus; 

CJILUlilfl nptAMCT-b 38 KOflTO Bh TO- 



KOAe6aTeJieHi> 



BopHX-b, the same question I spoke to 
you about; Koero e hhcko orGtr- 
Bafire, whatever is base, that you 
should avoid; koHto h Aa e toA, 
whoever he may be, no matter who 
he is; kocto as e oti. r-bx-b, any one 
of them, no matter which. 

KOK^a-b m whortleberry, red-bilberry {bot). 

KdKHJi-b mg bone; — jieHi. a bone, of 
bone; stony (heart); — jicctt. a bony, 
osseous, full of bones; — len dimsma\\ 
bone, small piece of bone; v KOCTb. 

KOKaJi^Bb a bony, osseous; — BOCTb / 
boniness; stiffness. 

KOKajiHCBHMi* vn to turn into bone, os- 
sify; to benumb, be benumbed; — He 
n ossifying; ossification; — cajii. ppp 
ossified; benumbed (with cold, etc). 

KOK^PAa / cockade. 

KOK^TKa / coquet, flirt; — ahbt. a coqu- 
ettish; — HHHd vn to flirt, play the 
coquet; — ctbo n coquetry, flirtation. 

KOK^T-b m milkwort ibot). 

KOKiijiH pi stilts. 

KOKHHe n snow-drop (Jbof). 

KOKHMKa / stone (in fruits); njioAoae cb 
— KH, stone-fruit. 

k6ko n egg (pop). 

KOKOjiisa / ear-wig (zoolj. 

KOK6Ha / lady, madam (pop); — Ka / 
dim little lady, pretty lady. 

KOK6pKO m dandy, beau, dude; brag- 
gart; ^Ka / dudish woman, a proud 
woman; —pa ce vpr to put on airs, 
flaunt, show off, strut (o/ a cock; — 
pcHC n flaunting, putting on airs; brag- 
ging; H KOKop^ui-b; — pem-b ce pres p 
flaunting, showing off. 

KOKopy>Ka / wild-poppy (bot). 

KOK^pie n v xeMCHyra. 

KOKdcb m cocoa; — cobt. a cocoa (nut). 

KOKom^pb m poultry-man, poulterer; — • 
HHKT. m hen-coop, chicken-coop, hen- 
house; — CKH a poulterer's, of a poul- 
terer; poultry; — ctbo n poultry bus- 
iness. 

K6K6mH a hen, hen's, of a hen, poultry 
(lice); — iwepyAHH/ field parsley (bot); 
— cntnoTd / hemaralopy; — Tp*Bi/ 
bistort (bot); — uih rop-b m poultry- 
manure; — lUH Tp-bH-b m corn, wart. 

KOK6u]Ka / hen; fowl, bird; Pleiades, the 
Seven Stars (astr); a chicken-hearted fel- 
low; milk-sop (fig); aoAHa — , moor -hen, 



HHAHRcKa — , Turkey-hen; nAHMyT'> 
p6K-b — , Plymouth Rock hen; opnHur- 
TdH-b — , Orpington hen; — uihhkh pi 
poultry-lice; — qe n, — MHua / pullet, 
littte hen; goody good fellow (fig). 

KOKOUiK^pb m chicken-thief; v koko->. 
uiapb. 

KOKC-b m coke. 

KOKyAHqe n cockscomb (bot). 

KdKbJIb V KOKaJIb. 

KOJid / wag(gjon, vehicle; car; cart; ce^iCKft 
— , afarm-waggon; nptBOSHH — , truck, 
lorry (goods van); TpaMBaflHH — , tram- 
way car; eAHa -^ Abpaa, a cart load 
of wood; nx.TyBaM-b cb Ko;ia, to trav- 
el on a carriage. 

Kdjia / starch (for linen), starching. 

KdJia / form; sheet, folio (typ); he — , by 
the sheet. 

Kojidlf mt V jiecHora. 

KOA^Ki* m loaf (of bread); — ne n dim 
roll, cake. 

KOJiilH'b mt V noHCb; —Me n dim. 

KOJilipb m wag(g)oner, wag(g)on-driver; 
cartwright; — HHua / cartwright's shop; 
—CKH a waggoner's, wheel-wright's.cart- 
w right's; waggon, carriage (road); — 
CTBO H cartwright's trade. 

KOA^CTpa // colostrum (first milk after 
delivery;;. 

K6a6A V rpHBHii. 

KOjiS&cb m sausage, bologna; — hmkii m- 
pork-butcher, sausage-maker; — uHua 
/ sausage-shop, bologna-shop. 

KdjiaaMb cond v kojisi. 

KOJi^rHH / college; KapAHHa,ncKaTa —, 
the college of cardinals; HsCHpaTe^Ha 
— , assembly of electors, constituency; 
—ain. m colleague; — ji^hcckh a col- 
lege (student), of a college, collegiate 
(course;. 

KOJierHHjieH'b a collegiate (institution); 
loyal, friendly; college; —ho ad loy- 
ally, in a friendly manner, 

KOJiAWHH mt field-keeper. 

KojieG^H va to cause to waver, vacillate; 
— ce vpr to waver, vacillate, hesi- 
tate, not to know what to do; ne a***- 
TC ce —64, don't hesitate; MHoro ce 
— 64e, he is too much off and on, hes- 
itates a great deal; — ene, — hhc h 
hesita